desi, desh, home,
The Location o/Culture third space, third space
Introduction and Theoretical Framework Preamble
Resisting the Odds: The Voices o/Former Delinquent Women o/Color
General Problem of Female Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile Justice System
Female Delinquency: A Brief Background
Racial Profile of Juveniles
Percentage of African American juvenile arrests: Serious offenses Data source: Adaptedfrom Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports, 2003. Profile of Females In Juveniles Custody
Gender profile of residents, 1999 Note: Total includes a small number of juveniles for whom race was not reported. Data source: Data source: Adapted from Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports, 2003. Racial profile of residents, 1999 Note: Total includes a small number of juveniles for whom race was not reported. Data source: Adapted from Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports, 2003.
Significance of this Study
successful Critical Race Theory as a Theoretical Framework
Words That Wound,
Critical Race Theory: The Cutting Edge.
Racial Identity and Exclusion.
respeto dignidad Los Herederos de Change and Esperanza, Elements of Critical Race Theory.
delegitimate Critical Race Feminism.
Conclusion: Using Critical Race Theory as a Framework.
Operational Definitions Former female juvenile offenders Experiences
Life circumstances Academic success Resiliency Success Reentry
Brief Overview of Methodology
A Historiography of Delinquency Why History?
Industrialization, Urbanization and Immigration
The Child Savers
Fair Labor Standard Act Progressive Era Reforms
The Juvenile Court parens patriae
1960s and 1970s Kent United States Re Gault
Re Winship Breed v. Jones McKeiver v. Pennsylvania The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention And Control Act, 1968 The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act,
Get Tough on Crime Legis/ation
Juvenile Crime Today and the Debate Over Capital Punishment
Thompson Oklahoma Stanford Kentucky, Atkins Virginia Roper Simmons, Roper Simmons
The Context ofF emale Juvenile Delinquency
Vignette of a Young Female Offender
Federal Working Group on Gender Issues Conclusion
Female Delinquency: A Review O/The Literature The Nature and Extent o/Female Delinquency
Females in the Justice system
Risk and Resiliency Factors
Education as a Factor in Female Delinquency Prevention
The Scope of Female Delinquency The Extent of Female Involvement
Arrests of persons under by sex, 2003 Index Crimes Part II Offenses Data source: Adapted from Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports, 2003.
The Nature of Female Crime
Risk Factors for Female Violence and Aggression
Abuse and Victimization of Females
Additional Risk Factorsfor Females
Program Development to Address the Needs of Violent Girls Research in Prevention and Treatment Of Delinquency
Individual and Family Theories
Implications for Intervention on Reentry
Design of the Study
cuentos, testimonios, Criteria for Selecting Study Participants
Recruitment of Participants
Invitation to Participate in the Study
Identity oj the Participants
Storytelling/Narrative and Critical Race Theory as Method
Context of the Study
Role of the Researcher Ethical Issues.
Their Stories Introduction
The Participants Angel.
The Voices ofF ormer Female Delinquent Women of Color Angel's Story.
Foreword Discussion and Findings
Discussion: Their Stories As Resistance
Motherhood and Respect Jor Children.
Finding a Home.
Spirituality and Change.
Personal Resilience and Motivation to Change.
Recovery and Healthcare.
Role Of Mentors.
Community of Women, Social Support and Networking. Trusting Community of Women.
Education as Freedom.
Society as a Racist, Sexist, and Oppressive.
Epilogue: Resisting the Odds-From the Prison Track to the College Track Background
The Dissertation Questions
Critical Race Theory As A Lens: Offering A New Chapter In The History Of Juvenile Delinquency Critical Race Theory: The Cutting Edge,
Racism as Normal
Narrative as Methodology
Racism is Permanent
Critical Race Feminism
Accepting education as a means to achieve freedom
The importance of mentors
Dealing with the variables posed by motherhood
A Place To Live Other Implications
The Souls of Black Folk,
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