Citation
A program evaluation of a boot camp corrections and aftercare program evaluating social control, self-concept, and moral character

Material Information

Title:
A program evaluation of a boot camp corrections and aftercare program evaluating social control, self-concept, and moral character
Creator:
Rehberg, Carl Douglas
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
xviii, 300 leaves : illustrations ; 28 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Shock incarceration ( lcsh )
Social control ( lcsh )
Self-perception ( lcsh )
Character ( lcsh )
Character ( fast )
Self-perception ( fast )
Shock incarceration ( fast )
Social control ( fast )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 282-300).
General Note:
School of Public Affairs
Statement of Responsibility:
by Carl Douglas Rehberg.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Colorado Denver
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
42614090 ( OCLC )
ocm42614090
Classification:
LD1190.P86 1999d .R44 ( lcc )

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
A PROGRAM EVALUATION OF A BOOT CAMP CORRECTIONS
AND AFTERCARE PROGRAM EVALUATING SOCIAL CONTROL,
SELF-CONCEPT, AND MORAL CHARACTER
by
Carl Douglas Rehberg
B.S., University of California at Los Angeles, 1981
M.A., University of South Dakota, 1991
A thesis submitted to the
University of Colorado at Denver
in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy
Pub lie Administration
1999


1999 by Carl Douglas Rehberg
All rights reserved.


This thesis for the Doctor of Philosophy
degree by
Carl Douglas Rehberg
has been approved
by
/So
Mark L. McConkie

Laura D. Goodwin
KAittfcU-
Date


I
Rehberg, Carl Douglas (Ph.D., Public Administration)
A Program Evaluation of a Boot Camp Corrections
and Aftercare Program Evaluating Social Control,
Self-Concept, and Moral Character
Thesis directed by Professor Eric D. Poole
ABSTRACT
Since the early 1980s, boot camps have provided an
alternative to incarceration; a significant number have
been established. The existing research evidence
suggests that boot camps have produced mixed success.
The primary purpose of this research: what changes in
social control, self-concept, and moral character take
place in individuals participating in boot camp and
specialized afterrarp?
Data include pretests and posttests at boot camp,
from specialized aftercare, and nonaftercare.
The Jesness Inventory Scales used were Asocial Index
(ASI), Social Maladjustment (SM), and Value Orientation
(VO) scores; and Total Self-Concept and its five
components from the TSCS:2. Data were collected with a
questionnaire, moral reasoning test, and qualitative
methods.
This study finds evidence of change occurring at the
boot camp, and specialized aftercare program. The ASI,
S^, and VO scales show statistically significant declines
at boot camp. The ASI continues measurable decline in
aftercare, not significant. The SM and VO demonstrate
statistically significant declines in aftercare.
Nonaftercare has increases in SM, ASI, and VO, none
statistically significant compared to boot camp, but
significant when compared to aftercare scores.
This study finds no definitive changes in self-
concept at boot camp, but positive change in boot camp
graduates attending aftercare. Aftercare inmates had
significant increases in Total Self-Ccncept (TOT), and
I
iv
\


three subscales. Nonaftercare inmates had no significant
changes. Boot camp dropouts had significant lower scores
in the TOT, Moral Self-Concept (MOR), and two subscales
versus boot camp entrants.
Data demonstrate evidence of significant differences
in areas of "Overall Character", "Motivation to Change",
and "Deceit" between boot camp graduates in nonaftercare
and aftercare, although the n was small. Interview data
reveal positive aspects of boot camps, and the critical
role of Drill Instructors.
The crucial finding is an apparent synergy between
boot camp, and specialized aftercare. Specialized
aftercare demonstrates more significant, positive changes
than boot camp by itself, or boot camp in conjunction
with nonaftercare. Boot camps do not change everyone for
the better. Approximately 1/3 of a dependent sample
showed increases in ASI. It appears that prescreening
may be able to select inmates most suitable for a boot
camp program.
This abstract accurately represents the content of the
candidate's thesis. I recomn ......
Signed
v


DEDICATION
This is dedicated to my wife, Beverly. Without her
unfailing help, this task would have been impossible.
Her encouragement was worth more than words can express.
Thank you for your steadfastness, even as I was ready to
"throw in the towel." Thank you for all your love and
for being my best friend. You have sacrificed much for
me, and I am eternally grateful. Thank you!


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
I would like to thank Dr. Eric Poole, my chair, for
his unwavering support, and for guiding me through this
complicated process. I am indebted to him for his
patience and perseverance with me on this arduous task.
I am very grateful to the late Dr. Sam Overmann, who
encouraged me to press forward with this unique topic.
He will not be forgotten! I would like to thank Dr. Mark
Pogrebin for his expertise in both criminology and
qualitative methods. Special thanks are due to Dr. Laura
Goodwin for her encouragement, and special expertise in
quantitative analysis. I am thankful to Dr. Mark
McConkie for providing needed encouragement in the
character development area. I am indebted to Dr. Doris
MacKenzie for her critical support, advice, and special
expertise as a national expert in correctional boot
camps. Thanks to Dr. Altschuler for his special
expertise in the area of aftercare.
I am grateful to Ann Weinheimer for her editing
help. Special thanks go to Beverly Rehberg, Paul Cool,
and Debbi Fulmer for help with data scoring. I would like
to thank the Colorado Department of Corrections for the
opportunity to do this important work. Special thanks go
to Scott Hromas, Director, Office of Planning and
Analysis, who initially approved my research proposal,
and was a tremendous help throughout the project.


Special thanks go Major Mike Perry (Commandant of
CCAP), for his invaluable support, leadership, and
integrity. I believe he is one of the foremost boot camp
commandants in the country. I would like to thank Cary
Schreiner of CMBC, and Chris Williams of the Alpha
Center. Special thanks to Marvin Dowty and his
outstanding Prison Fellowship Volunteers. I am grateful
to the recruits and staff who selflessly gave of their
time to make this project possiblethank you!
I would like to thank my friends and colleagues: Dr.
David Wangaard, Dr. Karen Strong, and Dr. Byron Johnson.
Their encouragement and advice was much appreciated.
Special thanks to Charles Colson for his inspired
writings, speeches, and vision in criminal justice.
Thanks to Steven Curtis Chapman for his uplifting music
that was invaluable during times of discouragement. I am
grateful to Dr. Thomas Lickona and Dr. Kevin Ryan for
their inspirational work in character education. I would
also like to thank my special friends Doug & Cally
Walters, Tom and Vicki Griffin, Bob Stephenson's
Proverbs' Accountability Group, Ed Reitz, Ken Fender, Dan
Barker, Dr. John Hittenger, Jim Woody, Wes Sawyer, Bill
Lighty, and Dr. Jerry White.
I would like to thank current and former USAF
bosses: Brigadier General Clem, Brigadier General Wagie,
Colonel Samples, Colonel Rohan, Colonel Hyatt, Colonel
Dotson, Colonel Hargis, Lt Colonel Moore, and Lt Colonel
Barker who encouraged and graciously allowed me the


schedule flexibility, and liberal leave policy to
complete this project.
The unwavering support of my children, Laura,
Kristina, and Kathryn. They sacrificed much to help
their dad. I am eternally grateful. Special gratitude
to my parents who selflessly supported me through this
program, and were instrumental in my development. The
researcher humbly acknowledges the importance of faith,
family, faculty, and friends as providing critical
support.
"Truth matters, character is an issue, and one person can
make a difference."
Soli Deo gloria


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Figures
Tables...
....xvi
.xvii
CHAPTER
1. INTRODUCTION..,
...1
The Research Problem....................
The Policy Problem......................
Focus of the Study___________________
Significance of the Study...............
Purpose of the Study____________________
Organization of the Dissertation........
....3
. .8
.11
.13
.14
.15
2
THEORETICAL BASIS:LITERATURE SURVEY_____
Program Evaluation______________
Theory-Oriented Treatment_______
Theory-Based Evaluation_________
Boot Camp Literature Review_____
Recidivism_________________
Research on Attitudes......
Aftercare Literature Review_____
..... 17
.....20
.....23
_____25
.....30
.....32
_____36
x


Overview of Major Crime Theories
.40
Deterrence Theory.....................
Social Control Theory.................
Social Learning Theory.................
Developmental Models........................
Introduction to Moral Development
Values Clarification Model.............
Cognitive Change Theory................
Cognitive Developmental Theory.........
Character Education..........................
Character Education Research...........
Self-Concept Studies------------------
Classification Theory............-.......
S Ui mil a r y ......................... ........a.........................
...4 0
.43
.48
.51
.51
.52
.54
.56
.60
.65
.67
.69
.71
METHODS______
Design of the Study____________
Selection of the Sample
Description of the Sample,
Narrative of Research_____
Research Questions_____________
.74
...74
...77
...78
...83
...88
The Treatment Settings
.90


Boot Camp Program Description,
Aftercare Program Description,
.90
Observational Methods/Measures..............
Inst r umen t s.............................
Jesness Inventory.....................
Tennessee Self-Concept Scale(TSCS:2)..
Hahm-Bellar Values Choice
Inventory (HBVCI)_________
Questionnaire____________
Records Data-------------
Methods of Data Analysis.
Qualitative Data...._____
Interviews..........
Researcher Observations_________________
Data Scoring..^______________________________
Qualitative Analysis______________-..........
Limitations of the Study.,
Summary..-_______________
..93
.95
.95
..96
102
106
108
109
111
112
112
113
114
115
116
117
PRESENTATION OF DATA.______
Records Boot Camp Data_____
......119
______120


Data Introduction,
124
Descriptive Data...................
Jesness Inventory............
Jesness I-Level Classification
TSCS : 2...........
Dependent Sample Data.....
Jesness Inventory....
TSCS: 2............
Cross-sectional Data___
Jesness Inventory.
TSCS: 2..-........
.126
. 126
. 131
. 132
.136
. 136
.138
.139
. 139
. 144
Hahm-Bellar Sports Value Inventory
(HBVCI) Data.......................
Analysis of HBVCI Data....
Questionnaire Data..............
Qualitative Questionnaire Data...
Aftercare Respondents______
Nonaftercare Respondents.
Analysis Of Questionnaire Data...
Qualitative Analysis...........
Interview Data____________
...147
.... 14 9
.150
.154
___154
...155
....159
....160
. .161
xiii


Field Observations.................
Analysis of Major CCAP Programs----
Alcohol Recovery Program (ARP).
Alcoholics Anonymous__________
Cognitive Education...........
Learning Unlimited (Pre-GED)..
Life Skills...................
Employability Skills..........
Drill Instructors and
Associated Programs...........
Aftercare Decision-Making..........
Aftercare As A Program--------------
Summary............................
173
175
.175
.177
179
181
,184
.185
,186
,190
,192
,199
5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS...
Conclusions_____________________
Recommendations for CCAP________
Recommendations for Aftercare.__
Prospects for Future Research___
Summary_________________________
.205
,206
,221
,227
229
,232
xiv


APPENDIX
A. RESEARCH COVER LETTERS 236
B. ORIGINAL DESIGN 239
C. JESNESS INVENTORY COVER 241
D. TSCS:2 ADULT PROFILE 243
E. HBVCI INSTRUMENT COVER 245
F. BOOT CAMP AFTERCARE QUESTIONNAIRE 247
G. INMATE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS 255
H. STAFF INTERVIEW QUESTIONS.. ...257
I. RESEARCH CONSENT FORM 263
J. INMATE INITIAL CUSTODY RATING & DIAGNOSTIC SUMMARY 266
K. MISCELLANEOUS BOOT CAMP FORMS 269
GLOSSARY... 2 8 0
REFERENCES____________________________________________282
xv


FIGURES
Figure
2.1 Typical Black Box..........
2.2 Social Control Theory-------
2.3 Character Development Model
3.1 Successful Program..............


TABLES
Table
3.1 CCAP Admissions Compared to Youthful CDOC Admissions Without CCAP January 1, 1991 to December /l f 19 92 .81
3.2 Offender Profile at CCAP 82
4.1 Initial Assessment of Boot Camp Volunteers ...123
4.2 Data Sample Descriptions 125
4.3 Pre-Boot Camp Jesness Data 127
4.4 Jesness Boot Camp Dropout Data 129
4.5 CMBC (Aftercare) vs. Post-Boot Camp Jesness Data 129
4.6 Overall Non-Aftercare Jesness Data 130
4.7 Descriptive Boot Camp Jesness Subtype Data 132
4.8 Pretest Boot CamD TSCS:2 Data 133
4.9 Post-Boot Camp TSCS:2 Data 134
4.10 Pretest/Dropout Comparison TSCS:2 Data 136
4.11 Dependent Pre/Posttest Data Comparisons 137
4.12 Dependent Sample Pre/Post Subtype Data 138
4.13 Dependent Sample Pretest/Posttest Boot Camp TSCS:2 Data 139
4.14 Cross-sectional Pre/Post-Boot Camp Jesness Sample Data 140
xvii


4.15
4.16
4.17
4.18
4.19
4.20
4.21
4.22
4.23
4.24
4.25
Cross-sectional Posttest Boot Camp vs
Aftercare Jesness Scores.............
140
Aftercare vs. Nonaftercare Jesness Scores.......141
ANOVA Scores Comparing Pre-Boot Camp,
Post-Boot Camp, and Aftercare____________________142
Nonaftercare vs
Subtype Data___
Aftercare Jesness I-Level
143
Chi-square Comparisons...........................144
Cross-sectional Pre/Post-Boot Camp TSCS:2
Data.............................................145
Cross-sectional Aftercare vs. Post-Boot Camp
TSCS:2 Data.....................................14 6
Aftercare/Nonaftercare Comparison
of TSCS:2 Data__________________________________147
Aftercare HBVCI Score Summary.
148
Aftercare vs. Nonaftercare Boot Camp
Graduate Questionnaire Data..........
152
Nonaftercare Boot Camp Graduates vs.
Nongraduates Questionnaire Data.................153
xviii


CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Few would argue that the penal system in this
country is facing crisis proportions. Prisons are
overcrowded and represent an enormous financial drain to
local governments, states, and the federal government.
Even with a recent decline in the overall crime rate, the
situation is still serious because prison populations are
continuing to rise (Blumstein, 1998). Blumstein
(1998:127) elaborates: "incarceration rates...are now
almost quadruple what they were 20 years ago, while most
crime rates have remained confined within a fairly narrow
range, with no strong trend." And there is often minimal
change in attitudes and behaviors of those who are
incarcerated; thus, recidivism remains high.
Additionally, many interventions have little, if any,
impact on offenders that translate to significant
reductions in criminal behavior. Because of the often
desperate situation, alternatives to incarceration for
non-violent offenders are being developed and evaluated.
This idea of finding suitable alternate placements for
1


non-violent offenders is supported by the public
sentiment to keep violent prisoners in jail. As Gowdy
(1992:1) notes, "...by offering other options for
punishing low-risk offenders, [public policy will] ensure
that prisons will continue to incarcerate those who pose
an unacceptable risk to the public."
One option that has gained considerable attention
during the last 15 years is the correctional boot camp.
Boot camps evolved as one of many intermediate sanctions
for primarily low-risk offenders. They gained support
readilynot only as a method to relieve overcrowding in
jails and prisons, but also as a means to aid national
policies in curbing drug abuse.
To date, however, the effectiveness of boot camps
and the recent corresponding aftercare have not been
given a thorough and comprehensive evaluation. Are they
effectiveparticularly in the critical arena of
promoting lasting changes in the offenders who take part?
2


The Research Problem
Since the mid-1980s, boot camps for youths and
adultsalso known as "shock incarceration" have become
increasingly popular, particularly among politicians and
policy makers (Gowdy, 1996). Shock incarceration refers
to a demanding daily schedule of activities characterized
by strict rules and discipline similar to military basic
training.
Boot camps utilize a military training environment
lasting from three to six months, and seek to deter and
rehabilitate offenders (MacKenzie, 1993; Dowdy, 1996).
Most of the adult boot camps adopt at least some of the
military characteristics found in the armed forces, but
generally not all. According to Gowdy (1996), these
characteristics include:
1) Barracks-style housing
2) Military titles
3) Military-style protocol
4) Drill instructors
5) Military-style uniforms for inmates and staff
3


Although specific programming in boot camps varies
widely, a common core of programs has emerged from a
number of surveys and studies (Gowdy, 1996) These major
programs include:
1) Military drill and discipline
2) Physical labor
3) Physical fitness or exercise programs
4) Drug/alcohol counseling or education
5) Education
6) Vocational training or job preparation
7) Other counseling or therapy.
Proponents of the program maintain that boot camps
enjoy success in a number of ways. They reduce problems
associated with institutionalization, lowering the costs
of incarceration while freeing up valuable bed space.
They aid in developing offenders' skills. And they help
change key attitudes of offenders. It is hoped that
attitude changes will foster behavioral changes away from
criminal activity (Burton et al., 1993).
4


The basis for these attitude and behavioral changes
is the belief that many of the offenders develop
self-discipline, pride, self-esteem, and other enabling
skills and virtues, thus making them productive members
of society.
According to MacKenzie (1997:8-28), correctional
boot camps
focus on structure, discipline and physical and/or
mental challenge. The experiences of the offenders
in the programs [are] anticipated to change them in
a positive way so their future criminal activities
will be reduced. The mechanism for this change is
attributed to various factors such as self-esteem,
or increased bonds with staff and peers.
Furthermore, MacKenzie (1994:62) notes that
offenders "become more positive about their experiences,
their future and how they have benefited from the
program." Overall, offenders in boot camp leave feeling
more positive about themselves and their future, and they
5


are less antisocial than before they entered (MacKenzie &
Souryal, 1995; McCorkle, 1995).
By comparison, offenders in traditional prisons also
become less antisocial, but not as much a boot camp
inmates (MacKenzie & Souryal, 1995; McCorkle, 1995).
Unfortunately, the attitudes of these prisoners toward
their experiences and future do not change in a positive
direction. According to MacKenzie (1993:27),
The general population inmates did not think that their
experience in prison had helped them to learn self-
discipline, to learn about themselves, to change in a
positive way, or to become more mature, while boot camp
inmates were more apt to agree with these statements.
Not all agree, however, on the positive aspects of
boot camps. As one report states:
...[T]here is little evidence that the boot
camp actually changes the behavior of
participants .... Exploratory analyses suggest
there may be some differences...but this is
still not documented with strong research
support (ACA,1996:xii).
6


Existing research evidence suggests that boot camps have
produced mixed success at best (OJP, 1997).
Because a thorough and comprehensive evaluation is
lacking, these conflicting positions continue to contend
with one another. Thus, while some states seek to
expand boot camps (especially for juveniles), others look
to terminate or reevaluate their boot camp programs.
Notably lacking in the research is a program
evaluation investigating changes in offenders regarding
character or moral development. MacKenzie and Souryal
(1996) specifically recommend this for further research.
Subsequently, there is no in-depth look at how the
different elements of a boot camp affect specific
attitudes, values, and behaviors that can help offenders
make the transition into productive citizens upon their
release. Some of those values include self-discipline,
honesty, respect, and responsibility.
Also missing, and leaving open an even more
fundamentally important body of research, is an
evaluation of boot camps tied significantly to any crime
theory. The closest is MacKenzie's (1994a) work with
7


questions from the Jesness Inventory (Jesness, 1996),
which has a measure of social control, the Asocial Index.
The research thus far has taken a macro look at
before and after (recidivism), but not at what changes
actually take place in inmates during boot camp and
whether those changes are maintained or reversed after
boot camp. Neither has there been a substantive
treatment theory evaluation to see what program or
program components are instrumental in making the changes
that occur in boot camps. That type of information is
critical in structuring subsequent aftercare programs.
The Policy Problem
Research has verified that prison inmates are most
susceptible to personal change during the early period of
incarceration when there is high emotional stress
(MacKenzie, 1994a). Shock incarceration may make
participants receptive to rehabilitative programming.
This in turn may initiate a period of self-evaluation,
attitudinal and behavioral change. Boot camps use a
combination of deterrence theory, behavioral
8


modification, and control theory. The boot camp, as a
correctional reform, uses both fear (Morash, 1990) and
rehabilitation. Boot camps have been able to please both
traditional conservatives and liberals because they
emphasize the use of punishment and deterrence that
conservatives generally endorse, and they incorporate a
strong component of rehabilitation that liberals
typically favor. So the question is, how can we continue
to make boot camps acceptable from a policy standpoint,
and at the same time effective from a programmatic
perspective?
With that in mind, we need to be cognizant of the
importance of evaluation, which not only can help a
program run effectively, but also can have a positive
effect on the political process. In a formative
evaluation, we are looking for ways to improve program
performance. In essence, formative evaluation results in
data aimed at making the program work better.
Summative evaluation on the other hand is more macro
in orientation. Campbell (1987b) favors a summative
evaluation because it takes into account both managers
9


and legislators. Scriven (1986a) believes that there are
few good summative evaluations in the program evaluation
field.
Program evaluation offers the potential to solve
social problems by making incremental improvements in
existing programs, better design of new programs, and the
termination of ineffective programs.
Policy also involves implementation. According to
Andrews and Bonta (1994:236), "...implementation and
ongoing development of effective programs is [sic] a
priority." According to Palumbo (1994), very little
research had been conducted on policy implementation
until the path-breaking work of Pressman and Wildavsky in
1984. Implementation has two distinct levels: macrolevel
and microlevel. Macrolevel deals with interaction among
government agencies. Microlevel refers to interaction of
individuals at the program level (Palumbo, 1994). For
example, imparting clear goals of a boot camp would be
macrolevel. Imparting an understanding of a specific
boot camp philosophy to staff would be microlevel,
because the staff, in turn, must translate that
10


philosophy into daily action and on-going program
implementation.
Focus of the Study
This program evaluation focuses on the Colorado
Regimented Inmate Training Program at Buena Vista,
operated by the State Department of Corrections. The
researcher specifically examined the boot camp program
and the specialized aftercare program specifically
designed for boot camp graduates compared to other
transition programs, e.g., probation. There is a
significant body of research that states transition
and/or aftercare are both critical for boot camps to be
successful (MacKenzie, 1996; MacKenzie and Souryal,
1996).
The aftercare program is called the Correctional
Management Boot Camp (CMBC), a subsidiary of the Alpha
Center, Inc., a private corporation. CMBC, which is
contracted by the State of Colorado, is specifically
designed for graduates of the Colorado Correctional
Alternative Program (CCAP). The aftercare program takes
11


approximately six to ten graduates each month (about 20%
of the graduates) from the Buena Vista Facility. It is
scheduled for six months, thus allowing a maximum
capacity of approximately 30 inmates in the facility.
The other graduates of the Colorado Boot Camp go to a
myriad of transition programs that are not specifically
tailored to boot camp graduates.
What is not clear is the actual effect of boot
camps and their aftercare on behavior. Intermediate to
that eventual behavioral change are the attitudes,
values, and thinking patterns. What changes, if any,
occur in boot camp and their significance are
conspicuously absent in previous research. Recent
research has noted the lack of intensive, quality
aftercare programs. Many boot camp programs have begun
to remedy this situation, including Colorado's. It was
in April 1995 that the aftercare program, the CMBC, was
launched and located in Denver. CMBC has a strong,
controlled environment that is similar to the boot camp.
It requires that each inmate find employment outside
CMBC. It aids inmates in obtaining employment and
12


facilitates a continuation of drug and/or alcohol
treatment.
Significance of the Study
A comprehensive study of a boot camp and its
aftercare will be a potentially significant addition to
the literature. The likelihood for follow-on research is
substantial because of the importance of longitudinal
implications regarding recidivism. This dissertation
lays the groundwork for additional longitudinal studies
that link crime theory and treatment interventions.
Additionally, there is some promise in conceptually
bridging educational theory (social learning) and crime
theory (social control).
It is imperative that we do the type of strategic
theory-driven evaluation research necessary to determine
the differential effectiveness of alternative programs.
For example, MacKenzie (1996:294) points out that boot
camps are currently a fad, and it is important to
discover "which aspects of this sanction are worth
keeping and which are not."
13


Purpose of the Study
Public policy regarding crime seems to be a
combination of "gut instincts" and quasi-science, a mix
that is antithetical to theory-based research. A
powerful theory-based study using crime theory and
program evaluation is needed for correctional boot camps.
This study will help determine what factors actually
promote change, as well as the significance of those
changes at the end of boot camp and during aftercare.
Do those changes persist or decay six months later?
There will be a comparison of the CMBC (boot camp
aftercare program) inmates with those offenders who do
not go to the CMBC. A comprehensive study of the
effectiveness of the boot camp and its associated
aftercare will use program evaluation as the primary
methodology with both quantitative and qualitative
methods.
It is important to analyze what works and what does
not. We are not quite back to the early 1970s where
social scientists were seemingly lost in the wilderness
where the belief was that nothing works regarding
14


rehabilitation. The famous Martinson article in 1974--
"What Works?"soon became translated to mean "nothing
works" (Walker, 1994) Later Martinson (Walker,
1974:208) alluded to the fact that the "conditions under
which the program is delivered" is the critical area to
focus on. This leads us back to program evaluation and
the importance of implementation that virtually
determines the success or failure of interventions
(Brewer and deLeon, 1983). It is vital to take what we
do know about crime and crime prevention efforts to
assist us in resolving policy dilemmas.
Organization of the Dissertation
This program evaluation of a boot camp and aftercare
program attempts to study potential changes in social
control, self-concept, and moral character. This leads
to the important guestion of how offenders change.
Research in these specific areas has been limited in both
scope and depth. The present work adopts a strong
theory-based approach using treatment theory, crime
theory, and program evaluation theory.
1
15


The literature review for this study begins in
Chapter 2 with a brief historical perspective of boot
camps. Several crime theories and development theories
are explored that relate to boot camps and aftercare.
The test instruments, methods, and statistical tools
employed in conducting this study are described in
Chapter 3. Chapter 4 will focus on the presentation of
data and analysis. Chapter 5 will discuss conclusions
and offer recommendations for the specific programs in
this study, along with proposals for boot camps in
general. Finally, there will be an assessment of the
problems and prospects for future research.
16


CHAPTER 2
THEORETICAL BASIS: LITERATURE SURVEY
The umbrella of research for this study is program
evaluation, which includes the role of theory-oriented
treatment as it functions in the field of evaluation and
public administration. Theory-based evaluation, along
with program theory, will be imbedded in this important
discussion.
The boot camp literature review for this study
includes a brief historical review and overview of boot
camps. Boot camp aftercare, although relatively recent,
will be reviewed. An overview of major crime theories as
pertaining to boot camps is presented. Developmental
models that are foundational to both character education
and most cognitive programming are reviewed.
Additionally, modern character education and self-concept
research will be analyzed. A review of clas sificatiou
theory, which has the potential for helping determine
success for initial treatment and aftercare, is also
offered.
17


Program Evaluation
There are two major types of evaluation: formative
and summative (Shadish, 1991). In a formative
evaluation, we are looking for better program
performance. The assumption is that if this program
works well, it will help solve problems that the program
intends to address. In essence, formative evaluation
tries to make the program work well through incremental
changes. On the basis of this evaluation, immediate
decisions can be made on how the various parts and/or
processes of a program can be improved (Weiss, 1998).
According to Jones (1984), one of the main purposes
of evaluation is achieved through the substantive
approach, that is, a summative focus. Summative
evaluation should answer several important questions:
Does the program accomplish its stated goals? What
impact does the program have on the problems it
addresses? Specifically, a program's summative
evaluation is an impact assessment (Rossi & Freeman,
1992) that undertakes to establish whether or not the
interventions produce their intended effects.
Evaluations are most often used to help make decisions on
improving programs or some of their components. In
essence, these two types of evaluations direct the
18


intentions of the evaluator about whether or not to
develop a program and how to render judgment on it
(Wiess, 1998).
One downside to summative evaluation is the lack of
weight it may carry with the public. Many times a
program can be popular politically, successful
organizationally, and a failure substantively or
summatively (Jones, 1984). So in any evaluation,
politics and the associated public policy that evaluates
programs should take the evaluation findings seriously
(Weiss, 1973b).
Jones (1984) believes that the causes of policy
failures are, at root, political. Weiss (1973b:41)
supports that notion, stating: "A considerable amount of
ineffectiveness may be tolerated if a program fits well
with prevailing values, if it satisfies voters, or if it
pays off political debts." Weiss (1998) believes that
rarely will one evaluation be a live-or-die decision for
a program.
This research stresses the importance of evaluation,
which not only helps a program run well but also
effectively informs the political processa summative
approach. Summative evaluation can in many cases be used
in a formative way, but formative evaluation is unlikely
19


to be used in a summative way. Campbell (1982) favors
summative evaluations because they take into account both
managers and legislators. "There are too few good
summative evaluations. Policy makers want them, and
criticize evaluators for not providing them" (Shadish,
1991:109).
Many evaluations contain both formative and
summative elements. This evaluation will be no
different. Two major constructs are important for this
to happen: process and outcome. While process looks at
what goes on in a program, a study of outcomes looks at
consequences for participants at the end of the program
(Weiss, 1998). Both process and outcome are important
for any thorough evaluation.
Theory-Oriented Treatment
Research lies generally somewhere between a strong
theory-oriented style and an overly simplistic "black
box" style. There are problems related to each.
One of the major weaknesses of most studies is the
lack of a theoretical orientation or grounding. Lipsey
(1992:35) states that "theory must play a role prior to
research, as a basis for planning and a role after the
research as a scheme for organizing and interpreting
20


results...." Unfortunately, the theory-driven approach
may offer potential problems since it resembles a
constructivist approach (Guba and Lincoln, 1989) offering
multiple constructs of reality.
A black box symbolizes a program intervention. It
defines a situation in which input and output can be
observed (see Figure 2.1), but what is inside the black
box is not readily visible (Lipsey, 1993).
Figure 2.1
Typical Black Box
Program Inputs
Program(s)

Program Outputs
----------------
There are two theories associated with this process:
problem theory and treatment theory. Problem theory
addresses the natural or social causes of the problem
itself (Lipsey, 1993). Certainly, an understanding of
how the problem comes about is important in suggesting
possible remedies.
21


Treatment theory consists of propositions regarding
what goes on inside the black box. It is a small theory
that attempts explanation of treatment processes (Lipsey,
1993). Treatment theory is the more important of these
theories because it deals with the "change mechanism
through which treatment can have effects on the problem"
(Lipsey, 1993:36).
Wiess (1998) describes successful programs as those
that have a successful program theory and valid treatment
theories. Program theory determines the treatment
processes to set in motion what generally involve phased
sequence of causes and effects (Weiss, 1997) For
example, is there therapeutic integrity? A basic
description of therapeutic integrity would be: "the staff
members1 competency and commitment and the degree to
which they implement the program as designed" (McCorkle,
1995:373). Then, casual processes can lead to a desired
effect if treatment theory is correct (Wiess, 1997,
1998). A more detailed explanation is in Chapter 3,
Figure 3.1.
Additionally, there are implementation issues that
are relevant to any program analysis. Was there a
22


failure to implement the program appropriately or is
there a problem with the program? Addressing these
questions requires a thorough evaluation of program
processes, inputs, resources, and the environment (Weiss,
1998) .
Theory-Based Evaluation
A theory-based approach can be used to mitigate
problems with the quasi-experimental aspect of research.
Sechrest and Figueredo (1993:658) write: "In many
circumstances, strong theory can compensate for
relatively weak method...." It is useful for the
evaluator because it encourages her to learn a great deal
about the program..." (Weiss, 1998:71).
Theory-based evaluation has the potential to bring
more explanatory power to evaluations. Although
experimental and quasi-experimental methodologies, which
use program and control groups, help us analyze program
impact, they usually have little to say about how or why
those impacts occurred. Weiss (1998:338) describes
theory-based evaluation as one that "tracks the
anticipated sequence of linkages from inputs and
23


activities to outcomes." Weiss (1997:503) describes
theory as "the set of beliefs and assumptions that
undergird program activities." Programs are based on one
theory or several theories, whether they are explicit or
not. They may be the byproduct of experience, practical
knowledge, intuition, or a combination of all (Weiss,
1997).
For the boot camp and aftercare program that the
researcher is studying, the following major theories are
relevant: deterrence, social control, rehabilitation, and
cognitive change theory. Additionally, there are some
minor theories and constructs for the boot camp and
aftercare program. Some of these theories are explicit,
while others are implicit and de facto in nature. The
major theories will be discussed in this chapter, while
the minor theories and constructs will be evaluated in
Chapter 4. The major theories are rather explicit in the
goals and objectives of the programs. However, the minor
constructs and theories are not that evident. Part of
the program evaluation is to find these other theories
and constructs and how they relate to the programming.
24


Boot Camp Literature Review
Military regimen, tough physical training, and hard
labor are nothing new in corrections. The rationale is
clear: since they appear to work for the military by
transforming many misdirected young adults into
productive citizens, why not for corrections (ACA, 1996)?
Military boot camps, which exist in some form in all of
the services and military academies, have the primary
purpose of "convert[ing] a civilian into a soldier who is
physically conditioned, motivated, and self-disciplined
one who can take his or her place in the ranks of the
Armed Forces in the field" (Zacharia, in NIJ, 1996:19).
As Gottlieb (1980:167) explains, "Basic training is
perceived as the first step in an increasingly difficult
and demanding progression of learning and achieving
goals." After soldiers, sailors, and airmen have
completed boot camp, they "are subsequently provided
advanced technical training and sent to a unit where
their new-found skills are to be practiced..." (Cornick,
1996:119). Ironically, the military boot camp is only a
first step because "even if done perfectly, is only an
opening foray in the development of a top-notch soldier"
(Cornick, 1996:120).
25


Proponents of correctional boot camp programs
believe that basic training builds character, which
includes personal discipline and responsibility, while
increasing self-esteem and self-worth (Hengesh, 1991) .
When inmates graduate from boot camps, experts argue that
these positive aspects will transfer to their lives and
carry over into their communities, giving them the
ability to cope more effectively on release (MacKenzie &
Souryal, 1995; Osier, 1991). Unfortunately, there has
been little criminological theory-building or evaluation
when it comes to boot camps.
Over the years, the theories and practices of
military boot camps have changedalthough basic goals
have remained constant (Morash and Rucker, 1990) .
Interestingly, within the last several years the Air
Force, Marine Corps, and Army have added programming to
their current boot camps that deals with core values and
fundamental ethical issues (Ricks, 1997; Hall, 1996) .
Additionally, major philosophical and psychological
constructs have been developed since the elimination of
the draft and the onset of the all-voluntary military
service.
Correctional boot camps have undergone an evolution
of change also. In the United States, the practice of
26


employing military-style boot camps in the arena of
corrections dates back to the early 1800s (Dickey, 1994).
The most common was the Elmira Reformatory, which like
correctional boot camps today, included a combination of
rehabilitative and military elements (Cronin, 1994). The
philosophy of hard labor was abandoned in the 1950's
under a plethora of progressive reforms, although these
types of programs have continued in some form around the
nation (Little Hoover Commission, 1995).
Since the recent return of "modern" boot camps (as
shock incarceration) in the early 1980s, there has been
identification of "three generations" of boot camps. The
earliest or "first generation" camps had a heavy emphasis
on military-based program activities with little
treatment or aftercare programming (Castellano and Plant,
1996). Many of these boot camps resembled modified
versions of "chain gangs."
The "second generation" boot camps, which emerged in
the late 1980s and early 1990s, toned down the military
aspects and increased programming. Additionally, boot
camp graduates were given greater post-release
supervision and services. One example of this was the
implementation in 1987 of the New York State Department
of Correctional Services' Shock Incarceration Program,
27


which focused on substance abuse intervention, academic
education, and decision-making and life skills, as well
as offering intensive aftercare program (Clark et al.,
1995).
More recently, "third generation" boot camps are
emerging with new philosophical models. The hallmark of
these camps is the integration of aftercare programs with
an emphasis on continuity of treatment (Castellano &
Plant, 1996). Unfortunately, this focus on aftercare is
not common, especially for adults. This newest
generation of boot camps softens the harshness of the
more stringent military models. Some advocates see no
reason for a military model at all as a foundation for
boot camps, "believing that 'military' equals 'abuse'"
(Clark et al., 1996:159). The critical point, of course,
is not necessarily the extent to which the correctional
boot camps are "military," but whether or not they are
effective. Third generation boot camps seek specialized
aftercare that links the boot camp with the aftercare
program.
Boot camps bring a new culture into the corrections
field because change is demanded rather than just
expected (Little Hoover Commission (LHC), 1995).
Additionally, proponents of boot camps state that a key
28


to success is the intensity and resulting stress placed
on the participants. As MacKenzie (1990:111) notes:
There may also be an advantage in the fact that
boot camp prisons create radical changes in the
everyday patterns of these offenders.... [A]
period of radical change that creates
reasonable stress may be a time when people are
particularly susceptible to outside
influences.... [T]his may be an excellent time
to have an impact on offenders, making them
reconsider their past choices.
Some states have expanded their boot camps for other
than "non-violent offenders." After boot camp the
offender is placed in a transition program (e.g.,
community corrections or an intensive supervision
program).
The current widespread attention that correctional
boot camps are receiving started in 1983, in Georgia and
Oklahoma. By 1993, a survey sponsored by the General
Accounting Office showed that 59 camps were operating in
29 sites, with a total capacity of 10,065 (MacKenzie and
Hebert, 1996). Programs continued to grow; by late 1994,
29


some 36 states had boot camps in one form or another
(MacKenzie, 1994), including 65 adult programs, 19
juvenile programs, and two federal programs (American
Correctional Association (ACA), 1995). At end of 1995,
the Office of Justice Programs awarded some 24 million
dollars to expand boot camps in 44 new jurisdictions
(Clark et al., 1995).
Recidivism
The data are mixed regarding the statistical
differences in recidivism between boot camps and
traditional incarceration or intensive supervision.
Objective criteria were set up regarding implementation,
program integration, and staff training by California
evaluators. The boot camps that were rated qualitatively
higher had significantly lower recidivism rates than
those that rated qualitatively lower (Palmer & Wedge,
1989). This points out the importance of effective public
administration in carrying out the objectives of the
state or the public.
MacKenzie (1994a:17) found that the boot camps and
other intermediate sanctions resulting in lower rates of
recidivism were those "that included a strong
rehabilitative component in the daily schedule of
30


activities (three or more hours) and in programs that
provided intensive supervision to the participants after
release
A recent meta-analysis by McKenzie (1997) is not
encouraging. The data are mixed at best. On the one
hand, boot camp graduates achieved a lower recidivism
rate than its control group (though the rates were not
significantly different statistically). On the other
hand, in the case of juveniles, some boot camp youths had
a higher, statistically significant rate of recidivism
than their control group (Peters et al., 1996c). Since
1995, there have been no major studies comparing adult
boot camp graduates with a control group. Most of the
boot camp research has focused on the expanding juvenile
boot camps.
MacKenzie (1997) concludes from the latest available
research that, among boot camp programs in which
substantial numbers of offenders were dismissed before
completion, recidivism rates of those who completed were
significantly lower than the rates of those who did not
complete. Additionally, exploratory analyses "suggest
that programs incorporating components as therapeutic
activities during the boot camp and follow-up in the
community may be successful in reducing recidivism but
31


this conclusion is tentative until more research is
completed" (MacKenzie, 1997:8.30).
Research on Attitudes
Many theories of crime and delinquency explicitly
incorporate "criminal cognitions or attitudes" (Andrews
et al., 1990; MacKenzie, 1994:16). Andrews and Bonta
(1994) report that antisocial attitudes and interpersonal
association patterns yield the highest mean correlation
coefficients with criminality (.22).
Much of the initial comprehensive research on
attitudes stems from the Yokelson and Samenow (1976,
1977) work in defining the "criminal personality" and how
to make lasting changes on inmates. Their research
uncovered 52 thinking patterns that differentiate
criminals from noncriminals. Some of these thinking
patterns are moral and others are indicators of
antisocial attitudes (Andrews and Bonta, 1994). In order
for inmates to "truly" change, there is a requirement to
literally reorient their thinking to different values and
attitudes (Yokelson & Samenow, 1976, 1977). Initial
research in this area has shown promise in several
programs that use Yokelson and Samenow's constructs:
32


Moral Reconation and Interpersonal Cognitive Problem
Solving Skills (Ross and Fabiano, 1985).
MacKenzie (1997) states that antisocial attitudes
and cognitions are dynamic factors. They are
criminogenic, also. MacKenzie and Souryal (1994d; 1995)
found that both boot camp inmates and prisoners became
less antisocial during their time in prison. There has
been little research looking at classification factors
that could possibly help predict successful inmates.
There were greater reductions in antisocial
attitudes in those programs that had more time devoted to
rehabilitation, program rigor, and voluntariness. Boot
camp inmates reported being more positive while those
serving in prison did not develop more positive attitudes
about their programming (MacKenzie and Souryal, 1995).
McCorkle (1995:371) found in using the Jesness Inventory
(Jesness, 1983) with inmates in a Nevada Boot Camp that
"mean scores on five of the 11 scales (asocial, social
maladjustment, value orientation, alienation, manifest
aggression) decreased significantly." Additionally,
McCorkle (1995) found that a comparison group in a
treatment-oriented, presentencing program held in regular
prison showed significant decreases in five scales. This
evaluation should be approached with caution since the n
33


for both groups was relatively small (boot camp n=36;
prison program n=34). What McCorkle questions are the
contextual and/or environmental factors that possibly
affect treatment in boot camps. Are inmates responding
to the "increased attention, support and direction" or
are they responding to the military atmosphere (McCorkle,
1995)?
In addition to the "therapeutic integrity" (Genreau
and Ross, 1979), are there crucial interactions, timing,
and mode of delivery that are relevant to program
implementation? According to Zamble and Porpoino (1988;
Yokelson & Samenow, 1976, 1977) there is an ardent desire
of inmates to change their lives before the initial shock
of prison wears off. McCorkle (1995) believes that it is
essential for boot camps or other programs to take
advantage of this "window of opportunity."
Burton et al. (1993) pose the question: Are
"critical attitudes" affected or shaped by boot camps?
Their conclusion is that boot camp experiences can
positively change probationers' attitudes in crucial
areas, which may potentially shape the likelihood of
future criminality" (Burton et al., 1993:51). What
research still lacks is the attempt to link specific
34


beliefs, values, and attitudes (if any) that are
essential for rehabilitation from criminal behavior.
The underlying question is how do boot camps propose
to make behavior changes in individuals? Sondervan
(1995:23) believes "it is first necessary to 'unlearn'
present behavior patterns, beliefs, attitudes,
expectations and values. Sondervan (1995) highlights
the work of Lewin (1948) stating the importance of an
inmate unlearning present behaviors, then accepting a new
value system, and the final step of "refreezing" to make
the change permanent. Sondervan (1995) goes on to insist
that if "...rehabilitation is the primary goal, then
changes in character would be accomplished through the
integration of the disciplinary regimen and treatment
components" (39). What is truly lacking is any detailed
discussion of character or moral development training in
boot camps. And even if this were done, how could this
development be evaluated in post-treatment testing? What
is not clear is the effect of moral character development
training on actual behavior.
The major weakness noted is the absence of
"intensive" quality aftercare programs. Without quality
aftercare programs, Burton et al. (1993) believe that
boot camps may have little long-term effect. Critical
35


questions about what happens in boot camp, what happens
in aftercare, what should be reinforced, and the
relationship between boot camp and aftercare
still remain unanswered.
Aftercare Literature Review
As the literature review has indicated, aftercare
appears to be a critical issue. "Current research on boot
camps and similar programs indicate[s] that a strong
post-release supervision component is essential to reduce
recidivism" (Campbell, 1996:194). Those boot camps that
performed better than averageboth in rates of
recidivism and in improved positive attitudes offenders
had about themselves and the futurehad comprehensive
aftercare (MacKenzie, 1994a, 1994b). This is an
important area of research (MacKenzie, 1994a, 1994b).
There is widespread disparity in the type and scope
of aftercare provided to boot camp graduates. The latest
generation of boot camps focuses on aftercare more than
previous generations have; however, as Bourque (1996)
discovered in an analysis of boot camp aftercare, only 13
out of 52 boot camps utilize specialized aftercare
programs. Most of those released from boot camps were
put on intensive probation/parole in their communities.
36


There are four models of aftercare in operation
currently: the brokerage model, the enhanced brokerage
model, the contracted vendor model, and the comprehensive
model (Castellano & Plant, 1996).
The brokerage model represents traditional
parole/probation. There is little communication or
coordination between boot camp and community supervision
staff. No effort is made to continue some of the
important aspects of boot camp. Additionally, boot camp
graduates are combined with inmates from other programs.
The enhanced brokerage model essentially uses
intensive supervision. There are more requirements, such
as curfew and drug testing, and a better treatment
referral process. The probation/parole officers
generally have more contact with the boot camp, and try
to operate as an extension of the boot camp as much as
possible.
The contracted vendor model offers an even closer
level of supervision; there is generally a formalized
placement into treatment. Also, there is a formal
agreement with the vendor regarding the parameters of
treatment.
The comprehensive model operates an integrated
program that is a formalized part of the boot camp
37


continuum. This model includes intensive
parole/probation supervision, as well as a variety of
follow-on treatment programs (Castellano et al., 1996).
Even though juvenile boot camps are a relatively
recent addition to alternative programming, there appear
to be more aftercare programs for juvenile boot camp
graduates. Additionally, some thoughtful theory building
and development has occurred. Altschuler and Armstrong
(1994) developed an Intervention Model for Juvenile
Intensive Aftercare"control," "strain," and "social
learning" perspectives integrated into one model along
with specific programs. Although no quantitative
analysis has been made of the model, an overview
demonstrated some positive results and innovations in the
aftercare arena (Altschuler and Armstrong, 1996). It
appears that adult boot camps lack the comprehensive
theory building and development that Altschuler and
Armstrong (1994) have developed for juvenile aftercare.
Juvenile boot camps seem to have the most closely
integrated provisions with aftercare (Travis, 1996).
The aftercare linkage from adult boot camps appears weak
with little common philosophy or treatment approach, even
in drug treatment. Incidentally, research indicates that
much needs to be done in the area of drug treatment,
38


especially in the continuity from boot camp to aftercare
(Cowles & Casatellano, 1995).
Altschuler and Armstrong (1998:3) highlight the
importance of aftercare because "...research findings
suggest that either better outcomes are apparent or the
potential for positive impacts is increased when there is
a highly structured and enhanced transition from
correctional facilities into the community...."
Altschuler and Armstrong (1998:35) further stress proper
implementation of aftercare programs, noting that
juvenile aftercare programs that are "characterized by
inadequate and poorly articulate frameworks lend
themselves to uneven implementation."
The whole area of aftercare is ripe for research and
exploring new theories, ideas, and constructs. Very
little research has been done on aftercare programs
directly related to boot camp programs. What should
aftercare programs focus on? Should they repeat the
programming of the boot camp? If there are gains during
boot camp in either social control (decrease in
antisocial), self-concept, or moral character, are those
gains reinforced or expanded in aftercare? These and
other critical questions require thoughtful research.
39


Overview of Major Crime Theories
A criminological theory-based approach to boot camps
is essential if we are to evaluate them properly.
Theories of crime attempt to answer why norms are
violated. Indeed, the true value of any theory of crime
is its usefulness for effective policy and programs in
criminal justice (Akers, 1997). The following are major
theories that have been discussed in the literature or
implied by boot camp administrators or directors. The
discussion of these theories will attempt to develop
constructs for program enhancement.
Deterrence Theory
A review of the boot camp literature reflects
deterrence as one of the top-rated program goals (Gowdy,
1996). Unfortunately, there has been little elaboration
of a systematic theory of deterrence because of the
difficulty in measuring causality at the perception level
(Wilson & Herrnstein, 1985). Because deterrence is
imbedded in our justice system, it is hard to get away
from its concepts at the macro level. Akers (1997:17)
states: "[D]eterrence doctrine remains the philosophical
40


foundation for modern western criminal law and criminal
justice systems." Nevertheless, deterrence theory will
be reviewed because of its prominence in program goals
and because it is a widely known concept, even among the
public.
This theory has stood out as one of the foremost
topics of criminological research in the last three
decades. Deterrence involves the principles of
certainty, severity, celerity, and proportionality of
punishment (Akers, 1997) If legal penalties are
certain, severe, and swift, crime will be deterred
(Akers, 1997).
There are two types of deterrence theory: general
and specific. General deterrence refers to the effects
of punishment on potential offenders, while specific
deterrence or special deterrence pertains to the effects
of legal punishment on those who have already undergone
the punishment of a specific crime (Stafford & Warr,
1993). General deterrence involves the imposition of
sanctions on one person [in order to] demonstrate to the
rest of the public the expected costs of a criminal act,
[and] thereby discourage criminal behavior in the general
population" (Stafford & Warr, 1993:123). Specific
deterrence means that individuals are deterred from
41


future criminal activity by the actual experience of
their punishment and the fear of future punishment. For
example, "individuals who spend time in prison may be
deterred from continuing their criminal activities when
they are released..." (MacKenzie, 1997:9.6).
Specific deterrence is the rationale for programs
such as Scared Straight, chain gangs, and shock
probation. The major emphasis is on the punitive nature
of the punishment. Scared Straight is a program designed
to deter young offenders or at-risk juveniles from
continuing criminal activities by taking them to maximum
security institutions where they are told the horrors and
difficulties of prison life. Shock probation is a
program where offenders are incarcerated for unspecified
short periods of time followed by community service so as
to shock offenders. Both of these programs have shown
little evidence of a deterrent effect and in some cases
participants in these programs have done demonstrably
worse (MacKenzie, 1997).
Although there is a negative correlation between
perceived certainty and illegal behavior (a common
research finding), the correlation tends to be weak:
"There is more empirical support when deterrence concepts
are expanded to take into account the informal processes
42


of reward, punishment and moral beliefs" (Akers,
1997:33).
Based on this evidence, it is doubtful that boot
camps will achieve specific deterrence (Zachariah, 1996) .
Most boot camps hope to reduce crime through restraint,
discipline, or challenge (MacKenzie, 1997) Some boot
camps use the compliance model "to teach discipline and
demonstrate (that] both limits and discipline make
freedom possible" (Clark and Aziz, 1996:46).
In recent years, the concept of deterrence has
expanded into a theory known as "rational choice" theory.
This theory, although a modification of deterrence,
actually resembles something closer to modern social
bonding or social learning theory than classical
deterrence or pure rational choice models (Akers, 1997).
Social Control Theory
Social control is defined as the ability of social
groups or institutions to make their norms effective.
Control theories have been prominent since Durkheim
(1915; cited in Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990) emphasized
the social bonds between the individual and society.
"When these bonds are strong, the individual is expected
to conform to the moral order. But when these bonds are
43


weak the individual is free to deviate" (Weis, 1977;
Hirschi, 1969; cited in Stark, Doyle & Kent, 1980: 43).
See Figure 2.2 for a detailed description.
Hirschi (1969) postulated the elements of the
[social] bond (moral ties) consist of attachment,
commitment, involvement, and belief in the validity of
the law (Andrews and Bonta, 1994). Hirschi (1969)
postulates that crime reflects a weak attachment to
conventional others, institutions, pursuits, and validity
of the law. Attachment (or caring) refers to the
relationships of family, teachers, peers, and other
social ties, e.g., schools, communities, etc. Commitment
refers to the extent that a person willing to undertake
the "ideals of childhood"getting an education,
postponing risky behavior, a dedication to some long-term
goals, and having a stake in conformity (Empey and
Stafford, 1991). Involvement simply means being engaged
in conventional and structured activities that reduce or
eliminate opportunity for unstructured activity. This is
tied to the notion "idle hands are the devil's workshop."
Finally, belief is the element of acceptance of society's
rules and laws to the point of obligation to conform to
the expectations of others.
44


Social control remains one of the major competing
theories dealing with crime and delinquency. It states
that a constantly changing neighborhood and a transient
society, such as is found in the U.S., can make it
difficult to develop strong bonds in the social control
institutions. This is made more difficult by our
tremendous cultural diversity. In addition, "[t]his
theory traces the important restraints on criminal
conduct to child-rearing practices..." (Gottfredson &
Hirschi, 1990).
Social control theory encompasses a full range of
criminal, deviant, and reckless behavior. The theory
states that "criminal acts are a subset of acts in which
the actor ignores the long-term negative consequences
that flow from the act itself..." (Hirschi & Gottfredson,
1994:2).
45


Figure 2.2
Social Control Theory1
1 Adapted from Empy & Stafford, 1991
46


A growing awareness of the role of self-control, as
it relates to actions within the social network, has
given a new dimension to social control theory--a
dimension that has had little research. The empirical
evidence so far has produced moderate or weak evidence in
favor of social bonding. Additionally, there seems to be
"a problem of tautology with self-control that must be
resolved before research can really determine its
empirical validity" (Akers, 1997:92).
Social control theory is important to the present
study, because one of the purposes of boot camp is to
help develop some of the social controls that are
necessary to challenging a person to think beyond
short-term consequences.
Most of the boot camp programs identify self-control
as a direct or an indirect goal. Boot camps work with
individuals and almost all list discipline or self-
discipline as a goal for individual inmates. According
to MacKenzie (1993) most program officials of boot camps
cited rehabilitation, reducing recidivism, and changing
offenders' behavior patterns as the most important goals.
"The property of individuals that explains variation in
47


the likelihood of engaging in such acts [criminal or
delinquent] [is] what we call self-control" (Hirschi &
Gottfredson, 1994:2).
Although Hirschi's social control theory (1969) is
the leading control theory (1990), the self-control
theory put forth by Hirschi and Gottfredson is gaining in
popularity (Agnew, 1995). Gottfredson and Hirschi list
several traits that characterize individuals with low
self-control. Ironically, many of these traits are
described in both strain and social learning theories.
There are some disclaimers to the self-control theory.
They recommend that Gottfredson and Hirschi explore
possible theory integration, while applauding the
important work in self-control (Grasmick et al., 1993;
Akers, 1997) Disclaimers notwithstanding, low
self-control constructs suggest a powerful theory.
Social Learning Theory
Social learning theory is a major theory in
criminology (Akers, 1997). This is a main contending
theory of character education as well (Wangaard, 1995) ,
as we will see later. In the field of criminology,
48


social learning theory refers to the crime and deviance
theory developed by Akers. In addition, social learning
is closely tied to Sutherland's differential association
theory (1937). Granted, social learning is a broader
theory than differential association theory because of
its explicit inclusion of such concepts as imitation,
anticipated reinforcement, and self-reinforcement. This
essentially makes this theory akin to behaviorism or
"soft behaviorism." The theory is closer to Bandura's
(1977) cognitive learning theory than the behaviorism of
B.F. Skinner (Akers, 1997:63).
The primary principle that under girds social
learning theory is "the principle that a person commits
criminal acts because he or she has learned 'definitions'
(rationalizations and attitudes) favorable to violation
of law in 'excess' of the definitions unfavorable to
violation of law" (Akers, 1997:61).
The term "definitions" refers to one of the key
constructs associated with this theory. Definitions are
attitudes or meanings one attaches to a given behavior.
They include orientations, rationalizations, definitions
of the situation, and moral attitude regarding right and
wrong (Akers, 1997). These definitions are both general
and specific. General definitions include religious,
49


moral, and other values and norms. Specific definitions
orient a person to particular acts or a series of acts.
Thus, social learning theory, like social control theory
discussed earlier, has strong ties to thinking patterns,
attitudes, and values.
Research has been favorable to social learning
theory. Three major studies from the 1980s and 1990s
"showed that the social learning model produced high
levels of explained variance" in criminality (Akers,
1997:75).
High amounts of variance in criminality can be
explained through the combined effects of social learning
variables on various forms of deviant, delinquent, or
criminal behavior. The combined effects of the social
learning variables on alcohol, drug use and abuse among
adolescents are very strong (Akers, 1997).
Andrews and Bonta (1994) took much of the current
research available and developed a general personality
and social/psychological approach called the "Personal,
Interpersonal and Community-Reinforcement" (PIC-R)
perspective on criminal conduct. Andrews and Bonta
(1994) believe in the importance of drawing upon
knowledge from the biological, human, and social
sciences. Also, they emphasize behavioral and social
50


learning principles because of their demonstrated
functional power in applied settings. PIC-R calls
attention to developmental factors and influences on
criminal conduct. Two of those areas that we will review
are moral character (or moral development) and cognitive
development. Moral development is relatively new to the
literature, while cognitive development is critical to a
number of interpersonal cognitive skills programs and
rehabilitation programming.
Developmental Models
Introduction to Moral Development
Increasingly, we see crime theory discuss moral
beliefs or beliefs in conjunction with other factors
(Menard & Elliot, 1994). Ironically, many of these
constructs regarding beliefs, social control, and
attitudes have a number of parallels to cognitive moral
development. One of the early theorists in moral
development was Jean Piaget. Piaget (1932) developed a
hypothesis, which later became a theory, stating that
children develop in stages similar to Kohlberg's (1969)
landmark work in moral stage theory.
51


Piaget (1932,1965) studied moral development from a
cognitive developmental approach and postulated that
there are two broad moral development categories: 1) a
heteronomous stage, that is, a morality of constraint and
coercive rules; and 2) an autonomous stage, which is
similar to a morality of cooperation or rational rules
(Beller and Stoll, 1992).
In the last 30 years, we have seen several major
streams of moral development grow: 1) values
clarification; 2) decision-making skills, or cognitive
developmental theory; and 3) character education. Each
of these streams is important to study because there have
been some failures along with some promising success.
Clearly, it is imperative to see "What works?" and "What
doesn't work?"
Values Clarification Model
The concept of values clarification (VC) was
designed in the 1960s by Louis E. Raths and Sidney B.
Simon (1966). Later, Howard Kirschenbaum joined Simon,
Raths et al. as an intellectual leader of VC.
This approach is extremely popular because it is
entertaining for students and relatively easy for
teachers to use. The basic discipline regarding VC is
52


not to inculcate values directly: "Thou shalt not
moralize. ' In the 1970s, as VC caught fire, Kirschenbaum
was very popular and much in demand. VC was used
actively in the publics schools of some 30 states and
five to six continents (Kirschenbaum, 1995) .
Values clarification, according to Gow (1979),
prescribes a seven-step process by which anyone can
choose his or her own values:
Choosing: (1) freely
(2) from alternatives
(3) after thoughtful consideration of the
consequences of each alternative
Prizing: (4) cherishing, being happy with the
choice
(5) enough to be willing to confirm the
choice to others
Acting
(6) or doing something with the choice
(7) repeatedly, in some pattern of life.
"In the classroom, the teacher's role is to make
this process easier by responding in such a way as to
stimulate the child to apply these seven steps to
whatever topic or issue the class may be discussing"
(Gow, 1979:15).
Values clarification "grew out of the conviction
that many of the learning and behavioral problems
53


displayed by school children are symptoms of the profound
difficulties they typically encounter in the process of
developing values under the conditions of modern life"
(Sandin, 1992 :5(5). Sandin argues against the viability
of the process, stating that it has no coherent theory of
morality on which to base its educational
recommendations. He argues further that VC is
subjectivism in the classroom. Also, its methodology is
inconsistent with the methods of inquiry and teaching
that are proper to the academic disciplines. According
to the VC program, schools were not to take part in their
time-honored task of transmitting sound moral values;
rather, they were to allow the child to clarify his or
her own values (Bennett, 1992).
Leming (1992), on the other hand, states that the
extent of research on the VC approach includes more than
one hundred studies. He states that the patterns of the
research findings are highly consistent. With the VC
approach, there is a consistent pattern of failure to
find significant changes in dependent variables (moral
reasoning, behavior et al.).
54


Cognitive Change Theory
Another theory that supports the notion that crime
is related to character is the cognitive change theory.
Cognitive change is simply the idea that a change in
thinking can result in a change in behavior (Beers,
1996). Although there are some differences between this
theory and the social control theory, they are compatible
in many respects, especially regarding the importance of
family, schools, and community. As noted earlier,
Samuel Yochelson and Stanton Samenow (1976, 1977; Andrews
& Bonta, 1994) assert that criminals have 53 thinking
patterns that differentiate them from non-criminals.
Andrews and Bonta (1994:141) state that "some of these
thinking patterns are of a moral nature (e.g., self-
centeredness) and some are obvious indicators of
antisocial attitudes." Samenow and Yochelson (1984)
concluded that crime is not the result primarily of
environment or poverty, but of wrong moral choices.
Ross and Fabiano's (1985) Interpersonal Cognitive
Problem-Solving Skills (ICPS) program is one example of
taking a cognitive change theory and developing a
curriculum around it. Andrews and Bonta (1994) criticize
this program as problematic, because it teaches people
"how" to think, but not "what" to think. Without a sense
55


of "what" to think, someone could just be a very smart
thinking and/or rationalizing criminal. For example,
Andrews and Bonta (1994) report a correlation coefficient
.38 between neutralizations (rationalizations) and
subsequent criminal behavior.
Cognitive Developmental Theory
Kohlberg (1969) advanced and revised Piaget's two-
stage model to a six-stage decision-making model.
Kohlbergs approach is a cognitive developmental model
(McClean, 1992), but is commonly referred to as the
"moral dilemma" (MD) or "moral discussion approach." In
the MD approach, the teacher acts as a facilitator of
student reasoning so that the student can be assisted in
resolving issues of moral conflict. The teacher further
ensures that the environment in which the discussion
takes place fulfills the conditions for stage growth in
moral reasoning (Leming, 1992).
Lawrence Kohlberg (1969) posits that individuals
maintain different levels of cognitive/moral development.
After numerous interviews in a variety of cultures, his
research yielded the following:
56


LEVEL A. PRECONVENTIONAL LEVEL
Stage 1. The stage of punishment and obedience
Stage 2. The stage of individual instrumental
purpose and exchange
LEVEL B. CONVENTIONAL LEVEL
Stage 3. The stage of mutual interpersonal
expectations, relationships, and
conformity
Stage 4. The stage of social system and
conscience maintenance
LEVEL B/C. TRANSITIONAL LEVEL
LEVEL C. POSTCONVENTIONAL AND PRINCIPLED LEVEL
Stage 5. The stage of prior rights and social
contract or utility
Stage 6. The stage of universal ethical
principles
According to Leming (1992), research on the MD
approach is a real success story. All the major reviews
have reached similar conclusions. When students are
engaged in the process of discussing moral dilemmas
(accompanied by cognitive disequilibrium) and exposure to
examples of the next higher state of moral reasoning, and
when the sessions last for at least a semester, a shift
in student reasoning of 1/4 to 1/2 stage will generally
result because of time and reinforcement. This was
57


found in about 8C% of the studies. Additionally, the
Defining Issues Test (DIT) measures an increase of from
four to five percentage points in principled moral
reasoning. Leming (1992:6) states that "it is safe to
say that the moral discussion approach [Kohlberg] works,
and the values clarification approach does not." As
Leming (1993) and Kirschebaum (1995) contend, there is
probably little promise in the VC approach, but there is
some promise in the MD approach.
This research supports the fact that moral reasoning
can be developed successfully in a variety of settings to
include the criminal justice arena. Unfortunately, it
does not predict behavior or recidivism. Character is
not just about moral reasoning, but about moral action
(Lickona, 1991; Ryan, 1997).
An outgrowth of Kohlberg's methods has been the
"Just Community" approach used in several criminal
justice settings. Although the Just Community approach
has raised the level of moral reasoning abilities for
inmates, there has been little correlation between the
level of moral reasoning and recidivism; in fact, the
recidivism rate of graduates in moral reasoning programs
is rarely measured (Andrews and Bonta, 1994) .
Nevertheless, there has been a number studies
58


demonstrating some correlation between moral reasoning
and behavior.
Moral reconation therapy is a program developed by
Greg Little and Kenneth Robinson (1988). It is based on
the Yochelson and Samenow concepts of differentiating the
thinking patterns of criminals from those of non-
criminals. Moral reconation uses Kohlberg's stage theory
of moral development as an intervention to change
thinking patterns and increase moral reasoning. Little
and Robinson (1988:135-136) are more specific, stating:
"Moral reconation therapy attempts to forge a connection
between moral reasoning and moral behavior ... [and] is
designed to enhance ego, social, and moral growth in a
progressive, step-by-step fashion."
Moral reconation is a program that links criminology
with moral development or character education. It is a
much more concentrated and targeted approach than Just
Community programs. There appear to be trends that show
some positive results with these programs (Little and
Robinson, 1988). Unfortunately, there has been little
research outside the program providers. Moral reasoning
approaches look to cognitive processes without dealing
with the affective domain or motivational theories. The
"why" or motivation regarding reasons people obey or
59


disobey the law is a construct that has started to gain
attention.
Why do people obey the law? A concept found in
Glueck and Clueck (1950; Andrews & Bonta, 1994)
emphasized legitimacy of the law. Robinson quotes a 1980
study in which it is noted that three independent
variables make significant, independent contributions to
the explained variance of criminal behavior. These are:
"threat of legal punishment, social disapproval, and
personal moral commitment" (1995:36). Robinson (1995:36)
further quotes Tom Tyler as stating that "the most
important incremental contribution is made by personal
morality." If personal morality is important, then we
need to explore character education literature.
Character education has produced some significant strides
in the last ten years in the theoretical realm and is
starting to make progress in the research community.
Character Education
There is very little literature that directly links
criminology with the character education movement,
although Kohlberg is certainly an exception. Most
character educators would state that moral reasoning is
only a small part of character education. A major study,
60


titled the "Character Education Inquiry," conducted by
Hartshorne, May, and Shuttleworth in the 1930s, concluded
that "moral behavior was highly specific to each
situation" (Peck, 1960: vi) and that the correlation
between what was taught and subsequent behavior was
slight (Wynne and Ryan, 1997) An unintended result of
this study was that it discouraged other research, and
many reacted by turning away from this complex field
(Peck, 1960; Wynne and Ryan, 1997). It wasn't until the
1940s that another comprehensive study of moral
character, titled "Prairie City," was launched (Peck,
1960). This study looked primarily at those elements that
were instrumental in developing and influencing
character. One of their principal findings was that it
was possible to develop character (Peck, 1960). Later
studies by Rushton et al. (1983) found more favorable
results than Hartshorne et al. (Wynne and Ryan, 1997).
Nevertheless, Wynne and Ryan (1997) believe that
generalizability of character efforts are moderate.
Since the late 1980s, character education has been
making a strong comeback in public schools.
Unfortunately, "few of these new character education
programs have systematically evaluated their effects on
children" (Leming, 1993:67). Others are skeptical that
61


character education is a panacea (Lockwood, 1993; Sizer,
1991). Some say it should not even be a role of schools
because "the schools have no right to attempt to transmit
moral values or attempt to influence ethical
considerations" (Bereiter, 1973; Nucci, 1989) Still,
recent studies on character education in the K-12 arena
are now starting to trickle in with some cautionary, but
optimistic results. The next section will review this.
Ultimately, for our purposes the question is: Can
character education have an impact on behavior? And if
character education for children in the K-12 arena is
worthy of consideration, to help prevent some of the
behaviors that lead to criminality, should we not look at
some programs in the correctional world that are
character-based? Would it be possible with character
education in our prisons and, subsequently, boot camps to
prevent or reverse some of the behaviors that in many
instances lead to criminality?
One of the problems of character education is lack
of definitive models. Thomas Lickona, one the leaders of
current character education movement, may have the most
comprehensive and definitive model to date. Lickona has
crafted a number of components from a number of
disciplines to include psychology and philosophy. In
62


fact, most of the components in Figure 2.4, date back to
Aristotle. Lickona (1991) breaks character into three
realms: moral knowing (cognitive), moral feeling
(affective), and moral action (behavioral). Lickona's
model is described as a comprehensive, character
education model.
Modern character education departs from past
initiatives in the early part of this century, by
integrating the best of moral reasoning and social
learning theories (Wangaard, 1995) One example of a
modern research-based attempt regarding character
education is the Child Development Project (CDP).
This study began in the mid- 1980s using a
longitudinal study or three schools (with three control
schools) (Wangaard, 1995). Preliminary analysis suggest
positive results with student attitudes and prosocial
performance in school (Wangaard, 1995).
63


Figure 2.3
Character Development Model2
MORAL KNOWING
1. Moral awareness
2. Knowing moral values
3. Perspective-taking
4. Moral reasoning
5. Decision-making
6. Self-knowledge
2 From Lickona, 1991.
64


Character Education Research
Thomas Lickona (1991) cites a number of character
development programs that have had some success.
California Survey Research surveyed 31 schools in Los
Angeles using the Thomas Jefferson Character Education
Curriculum. After one school year, minor discipline
problems declined by 39%, while major discipline problems
declined by 25%. San Marcos Junior High experienced the
following: "After placing a heavy emphasis on character
and discipline for three years, the school saw drug
incidents fall from 12 to one per year, dropouts declined
from more than 10 percent to less than 2 percent, the
number of straight-A students doubled and pregnancies
among high-school girls fell from 147 to 19" (Kidder,
1990).
In Salt Lake City, Utah, a longitudinal study is
being conducted on a K-6 character program. "Over a
two-year period, teachers in the classroom reported a
statistically significant two-and-one-half-times
reduction in problem behavior. In contrast, problem
behavior in the control schools actually increased"
(Leming, 1993:68).
Over the past 30 years, sex and drug education has
focused on character-related student behavior, although
65


it is not described as such. What researchers have
discovered is that without a values-based program, there
is little or no change in behavior (Leming, 1994).
Specifically in the drug area, knowledge was determined
not to be enough. Lectures had the least effect on
attitudes, while peer programs had greater influence.
Social influence programs that are value-based appear to
be the most effective in reducing drug usage (Leming,
1994). There have been few, comprehensive character
education evaluations. With the U.S. Department of
Education involved in distributing grants to districts in
several states, there should be more research available
in the next few years.
Thus, didactic methods (codes, pledges, etc.) alone
are unlikely to have any significant or lasting effect.
The development of students' capacity to reason does not
appear to result in a related change in conduct.
Effective character develops within a social web or
environment. "The nature of the environment, the
messages it sends to the individuals, and the behaviors
it encourages and discourages ... [c]lear rules of
conduct, student ownership of those rules, a supportive
environment ... [these] shape behavior (Leming, 1994:57).
66


Boot camps may have some opportunities in this domain; it
appears that the DIs, like teachers, may be critical to
this development. Additionally, the "ethos of the
program may prove to have important impacts similar to
schools (Leming, 1993; Wynne & Ryan, 1997). There are
some aspects of schools and boot camps that would enable
some generalization. Boot camps tout another important
goal for graduates: improving self-concept or self-
esteem.
Self-Concept Studies
Throughout many boot camps, the development of self-
esteem is stated specifically as or assumed to be a by-
product of programming (ACA, 1996). OJP (February,
1997:8-28) goes further stating: "The mechanism for this
change (in boot camps] is attributed to various factors
such as self-esteem, or increased bonds with staff and
peers."
Self-concept, or self-esteem, can be linked
theoretically both to criminology, and character
education with limited research. Modern constructs of
self-esteem flow primarily from Branden (1969, 1994), who
gives a philosophical epistemology from the educational
field. Self-concept appears to be an important factor in
67


overcoming peer pressure. Although self-concept is an
element of character as described in the Lickona Model
(1991) found in Figure 2.4, it is unclear if it is a
prerequisite, a byproduct, or a combination of the two
(Wynne and Ryan, 1997; Kilpatrick, 1992).
Self-esteem has two interrelated components: self-
efficacy and self-respect (Branden, 1994). Self-efficacy
means a confidence in the functioning of mind: thinking,
understanding, learning, choosing, and making decisions
(Branden, 1994). Self-respect means assurance of one's
value and a positive attitude toward one's right to live
and be happy (Branden, 1994).
In the criminology field, self-concept is tied to
labeling theory and symbolic interactionisms (the
"looking-glass self"). Said another way, our self-
concept is a reflection of others' conceptions of us
(Akers, 1997). In labeling theory, this skewed or
deviant role governing self-concept provides the
principal link between stigmatizing labels and future
deviant behaviors (Akers, 1997).
The review of literature regarding self-concept and
crime is limited. The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS
II), an instrument that measures a multi-dimensional
self-concept, was developed in the 1960s (Fitts, 1996).
68


A general relationship between the Moral Self-Concept
Scale and an individual's level of impulse control was
observed by Levine, Van Horn, and Curtis (1993). Studies
of drug use show highly significant group differences on
the Moral and Family Self-Concept Scale (p=.01) with
heavy users obtaining the lowest scores (Sherman, 1983) .
Fitts (1996) reports that there is a relationship between
low Moral Self-Concept and Identity scores and
delinquency for Australian delinquents via verbal
communication.
Classification Theory
One area of research that has sparked renewed
interest is the classification of criminals. Although no
one can say for certain when or if an individual will
recidivate, progress at predicting characteristics that
would likely lead to recidivism is on-going. There are
several theories that differentiate persons based on
stages of emotional, social, and moral maturity levels.
These levels are instrumental in helping determine how an
offender thinks, hence, how one would classify an
offender (Andrews and Bonta, 1998).
Interpersonal-level (or I-level) classification is a
stage theory of development using principles similar to
69


Kolberg's stage theory, albeit the stages have completely
different meanings. There is evidence suggestive of the
effectiveness of I-level and conceptual matching (Andrews
& Bonta, 1994). I-level subtypes and its constructs were
developed by Carl Jesness based on many years of research
(Jesness, 1962, 1969, 1974, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988,
1991a). The subtype scales are a Jesness classification
system that help determine treatment strategies and
aftercare risk based on I-level theory. I-level theory
postulates that a normal childhood development
progression is characterized by higher levels of
perception shaped by an individual's cognitive lens or
way of thinking (Jesness, 1996). A more detailed
discussion of each subtype will occur in Chapter 3.
Recently, a new instrument used to determine
aftercare treatment, titled the Level of Supervision
Inventory Revised (LSI-R), has started to see substantive
use. The LSI-R is based on three primary sources:
recidivism literature, opinions from probation officers,
and a broad social learning perspective on criminal
behavior. The LSI-R systematizes risk and need
information important to offender treatment and for
assigning freedom and supervision in aftercare. This
instrument is not designed to replace professional
70


judgment but it is used in conjunction with intuition,
and a facts-based assessment. The instrument is based on
general personality and social psychological perspectives
of criminal conduct. A significant portion of the
instrument deals with antisocial attitudes and beliefs.
That fits into major theoretical constructs discussed
previously.
The test-retest reliability and inter-rater
reliability results were very high. With the exception
of three scores, r=.80, .84, .87, all others were r=.92
or higher. The component parts of the instrument
intercorrelate to a statistically significant degree.
Andrews and Bonta (1995:32) note that the overall alpha
coefficients are "usually in the .70s with the mean sub
component-total correlations of around .45." In one
probation study, there was an overall correlation of .47
found between LSI-R scores and program outcome status
(Andrews & Bonta, 1995) .
Summary
The literature review covered a number of seemingly
disparate areas, but they are significant and pertinent
to this study. Program evaluation was explored as the
umbrella area of research. Treatment theory, in tandem
!
71


with black box theory, was discussed as integral to
accomplishing a thorough and comprehensive evaluation.
Boot camp literature has made some progress while
offering no clear directions. It is apparent that solid
rehabilitative programming carried over to a
comprehensive aftercare is essential for successful
results.
There are a number of criminological and
developmental theories that pertain to boot camps with
little comprehensive theory development in this
intermediate sanction. Most boot camps appear to use
only the very basic theories. There is little evidence
of comprehensive theory involvement in, but a small
number of, boot camps and aftercare programs. Clearly,
aftercare is a relatively new element in the latest
generation of boot camps. It appears this is an
important area of further research.
The foundations of many cognitive programs utilize
some of the same theoretical foundations as moral
character education. Additionally, it appears that
modern character education research could fit in with a
comprehensive theory of crime or development. Still,
there have been no direct links with the current
character education movement and crime theory.
72


Self-Concept appears to have less research and direct
connection with crime theory. Currently, there is little
research or programming in the character or self-concept
arena. Classification theory was discussed as recent
research holds some promise in matching inmates to the
right transition or specialized aftercare programming.
73


CHAPTER 3
METHODS
This study was a theory-based program evaluation of
a boot camp and aftercare program that resulted in a one-
group pretest/posttest/posttest design. This study used
a variety of instruments that included two that have a
research history of 30 or more years. An analysis of
programs, including their fit based on the explicit or
implicit theories tied into theory-based evaluation, was
attempted. Additionally, qualitative techniques were
used along with case study constructs.
Design of the Study
Although this was originally a quasi-experimental
study, it became a de facto preexperimental design as a
one-group pretest/posttest/posttest design (Hagan, 1993)
due to a lack of a comparison group and subject
attrition. The program evaluation tested inmates before
they entered boot camp, right before or near graduation,
74


and right before they completed their aftercare or
approximately six months after boot camp graduation. Two
major tests, the Jesness Inventory (Jesness, 1996) and
the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (Fitts and Warren,
1996), a hybrid questionnaire developed by the researcher
and the Hahm-Bellar Values Choice Inventory (HBVCI)
(Chung, Bellar & Stoll, 1989) that measures moral
reasoning, were utilized. Interviews of inmates prior to
boot camp entry and boot camp graduation were conducted.
Interviews of staff and field observations were also
performed. The qualitative aspect totaled 327 pages of
transcripted interviews and notes. There is a glossary
of essential terms used in this study, located in the
Appendix. See Appendix B for a detailed description of
the proposed design with a timeline for a flow chart of
the original study. The modeling that was planned in
this research can be helpful to program staff because it
encourages them to think about why they are doing what
they are doing and to consider whether there are ways to
do things better.
A theory-based approach will looks at program
implementation and program theory (Weiss, 1998). A
theory-based analysis will use the constructs found in
Figure 3.1. Each of the major programs in the boot camp
75


will be analyzed based on program theory to stated goals
and research through curriculum content analysis,
interviews, and field observations. Also, implementation
will be evaluated using relevant and available data.
Each of the major component programs in boot camp, and
aftercare will describe implementation and program
theoretical issues.
Figure 3.1
Successful Program3
Implementation
Theory
Additionally, the researcher will explore the
differences between the "control aspect" of the boot camp
and the rehabilitative programming to see if there are
conflicts between the change goals and controls (Thomas
and Poole, 1975) .
3 Adapted from Wiess, 1998:129, Figure 6.1.
76


Selection of the Sample
The sample consisted of all eligible volunteers and
non-volunteers for boot camp. The control group
consisted of the non-volunteers while the program group
consists of volunteers. Denver Regional Diagnostic
Center (DRDC) is the initial entry point in the Colorado
Department of Corrections (DOC). Individual criminal
history, current offense, and plea agreement data are
reviewed. Inmates receive an orientation on CCAP, and
the sentence reconsiderations are explained. Inmates who
volunteer to participate must volunteer for the program
by signing a letter certifying that fact and that they
cannot withdraw from the program once the transportation
to CCAP has begun (Hromas, 1993) "The only way an
offender may leave the program is by graduation, medical
reasons, or inability to meet disciplinary standards"
(Hromas, 1993: 4).
CCAP receives inmates every first Wednesday of the
month. The initial sample was to be three groups of
incoming inmates starting in February 1996 through April
1996. Due to a serious family illness, the researcher
collected data only from the February 1996 group and when
they graduated 90 days later. The data collection was
initiated again in August 1996 with plans to collect data
77


from the August, September, and October 1996 incoming
inmates. A fourth cohort (November 1996) was added
because the first cohort had significant attrition with a
very low graduation rate (only 5 out of the original 36
graduated on time). The concept of intact cohorts for
pure pretest and posttest comparisons had to be abandoned
because of significant attrition and a failure to acquire
adequate posttest scores after the researcher left the
Colorado area. The researcher was able to acquire only
an n=39 for Jesness dependent pretest and posttest
sampling (n=35 for the TSCS:2). The researcher assumed
independence for the cross-sectional data analysis.
Cross-sectional data for the Jesness, had a pretest
n=125, a posttest n=47, aftercare n=36, and a
nonaftercare n=26; for the TSCS:2, a pretest n=93 and a
posttest n=45, aftercare n=27, and a nonaftercare n=23.
Description of the Sample
The program group (volunteers) were tested at least
twice: subsequent to boot camp, subsequent to boot camp
graduation, and some at the conclusion of aftercare or
six months after boot camp graduation. The researcher
originally planned to test non-volunteers in the same
time periods as the volunteers. The researcher planned
78


to use scientific sampling of the non-volunteers. The
Colorado Department of Corrections was to track the non-
volunteers so they could be located at the appropriate
times. Just a few of the non-volunteers for boot camp
agreed to participate in the study. With no ability to
ensure participation, coupled with an extremely low
number of subjects comprising the comparison group, the
original quasi-experimental design was not realistic.
The original sample was as follows: 3 Cohorts (40
each) for 90 days at boot camp (predicted 75% Grad
Rate=30). Total actual number of pretested inmates was
164. Females were tested, but were not included in the
overall findings because the n was so small. (Each
incoming class averages only 1-2 females.) The majority
of the 30 graduates each month were split among boot camp
aftercare and numerous other programs, e.g., intensive
supervision, probation, and community corrections (all
termed "nonaftercare" for this study). After the first
cohort posttest, the researcher was unexpectedly
relocated outside the state. The researcher could no
longer test inmates, but rather had to rely on Department
of Corrections officials. With the researcher several
thousand miles away from Colorado, logistics and expenses
prevented a plausible solution to this dilemma.
79


Table 3.1 depicts a historical table of descriptive
information for CCAP eligible and volunteers compared to
eligible but non-volunteers for CCAP. There are some
differences between groups relative to prior criminal
history. The regular admissions had more probation and
prison terms. The non-volunteers also had more
misdemeanor and felony arrests.
80


Table 3.1
CCAP Admissions Compared to Youthful CDOC Admissions
Without CCAP January 1, 1991 to December 31, 19924
CCAP Non-Volunteers
Average Age 22.2 yrs 24.8 yrs
Anglo 50.0% 51.5%
Hispanic 27.0% 22.9%
Black 17.9% 19.9%
Other/Unknown 5.1% 5.7%
Most Serious Offense
Burglary 30.2% 22.4%
Drug Abuse 20.1% 17.4%
Theft 13.0% 13.3%
Att. Non-violent Crime 10.9% 16.5%
Escape 5.3% 4 .5%
Criminal History
Adult:
Prior probation 66.7% 72.1%
Prior residential 47.8% 47.3%
placement
Prior probation or 83.5% 81.8%
residential
Prison 6.4% 13.7%
Prior misd arrests 3.8%* 4.5%*
Prior felony arrests 3.0%* 3.2%*
Alcohol or drug
level assessment
Non-apparent 13.1% 13.3%
Mild/Moderate 56.7% 57.4%
Moderately severe/
Severe 30.2% 29.3%
*These are mean figures based on samples.
4 Adapted from Zavaras(1993).
81


Table 3.2 presents profiles for offender samples for
years 1996 and 1997. A sample of offenders from each
facility under the Colorado Department of Corrections
taken each June. It is noted that the Anglo
representation has dropped since the beginning of the
CCAP program.
Table 3.2
Offender Profile at CCAP5
1996 1997
Average Age 24 23
Anglo 34.4% 37.5%
Hispanic 50.5% 37.5%
African-American 11.8% 23.1%
Native Am. Indian 2.2% 1.0%
Asian 1.1% 0.0%
Unknown 0.0% 1.0%
Offense Type
Drug Abuse 35.5% 34.6%
Burglary 11.8% 15.4%
Theft 10.8% 13.5%
Forgery & Fraud 6.5% 2.0%
Escape 6.5% 6.7%
Avg. Incarceration
Time to date (mos.) 4.3 6.6
Avg. Gov Sent (mos.) 50.0 66.0
June 1996:n=93;June 1997:n=104
5 Data from the Colorado Department of Corrections
82


Full Text

PAGE 1

!"#" $$%&'"!&()&)%&(!% ""!*+,* $$%&'"!&()(#-(*++* (#"!&!!.&(("/((#" 0%&'"!&()/("%'" 0&%1(&))&."%( 2)(#""3&"."%(!)(#"/" "") *4()#&!#' ( &5&"/.&%&!((&% 6*+++ & & %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 2

:*+++ !"#" & #(!"!"'"/$ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 3

#&!(#"!&!)(#"4()#&!1# /" "" !"#" #!""%11'"/ !;$ "&% "&% < -$4%-&" $/=&% (" %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 4

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

PAGE 5

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

PAGE 6

#&!&!/"/&4("/(.=&)""'"$J&(#(#" %)&&% #"1(#&!(!-=/#'"""%&.1!!&"$ ""%4 "."%(=!=(#."(#%=/!4%"B1"!!$ #%-)!("/)!(%"!!"'"%!=!"/( G(#=&%(#"(="$G#%-)'"%/ )"&% ."!()&"%/$K#'"!4&)&4"/.4#) ."%/."("% (")$#%-6 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 7

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

PAGE 8

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

PAGE 9

!4#"/")"B&&&(%/&""'"1&4( 4.1"("(#&!12"4($ #"%='"&% !11().4#&/"% L&!(&%%/L(#%$#"!4&)&4"/.4#(#"1 (#"&//$."("% (")$1"4& (&(/" (.1"%(!=#!")"!!!11("/."(# #(#&! 1 .%/=""&%!(."%(&%./"'"1."%($#" "!"4#"#.4-%="/ "!(#"&.1(%4"))&(# ).&)4(%/)&"%/!!1'&/&% 4&(&4 !11($ G(#.(("!4#4("&!%&!!"%/%"1"!%4% .-"/&))""%4"$G &" & %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 10

: & "!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$B'& "!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$B'&& *$$OO#""!"4#".$$$$$$$$ P$$$5 #"&4".$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$, 4!)(#"(/OOOOOOOOOOOOOO$$$$$** & %&)&4%4")(#"(/$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*5 1!")(#"(/$$$$$$$$$$$$*Q %&C(&%)(#"&!!"((&%$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*R 8$7K$$$$$$$$$$P$$$*9 .'(&%OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO*, #"&"%("/"(."%( #"!"/ '(&%$$$$$$ (.1&("(""'&"=OOO"4&/&'&!.$OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO"!"4#%((&(/"!$)("4"&("(""'&"=OOO 8@$$$$$$$85OOOOOOO8R $$$$5@ OOO58========== %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 11

'"'&"=)2&."#"&"!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$Q@ "(""%4"#"S$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$Q@ 4&%(#"S$$$$$$$$$P$$$$$$$$$$Q5 4&"%&% #"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$Q, "'"1."%(/"!S$$$$$$$$$$$$$$R* %(/4(&%("'"1."%($$$$$$$$R* "!&)&4(&%/"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$R8 %&(&'"#% "#"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$RQ %&(&'""'"1."%(#"$$$$$$$$$$$RT #4("/4(&%P$$$$$$$$P$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$T@ #4("/4(&%"!"4#$$$$$$$$$$$$$$TR ")%4"1((/&"!$$$$$$$P$$$$$$$$$T9 !!&)&4(&%#"$$.. $$$$$$$$$$$9* 5$M$$$$$$$$9Q "!& %)(#"(/OOOOOOOOOOPOOOO9Q ""4(&%)(#" .1"$$$$$$$P$$99 "!4&1(&%)(#".1"$$$$$$9, (&'")"!"4#$$$$$$,5 "!"4#U"!(&%!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO,, #""(."%("((&% !OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO+@ V %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 12

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

PAGE 13

(%(/4(&%M$$*8Q "!4&1(&'"($$$$$$$$*8T E"!%"!!%'"%($$$$$$$$$$$$*8T E"!%"!!"'"!!&)&4(&%S$$$$$$$$$*5* 78$$$*58 "1"%/"%(.1"($$$$$$$*5T E"!%"!!%'"%($$$$$$$$$$$*5T 78S$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*5, !!!"4(&%($$$$$$$$$$$$$*5+ E"!%"!!%'"%($$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*5+ 78S$$$$$$$*QQ #."1(!"%'"%( >?($$$$$$$$$$$$*Q9 %!&!)(OOOOOOOOOOOOO*Q+ U"!(&%%&"($$$$$$*R@ U&((&'"U"!(&%%&"(S$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*RQ )("4""!1%/"%(!$$S*RQ %)("4""!1%/"%(!OOOOOOOO*RR %!&!)U"!(&%%&"($$$$$$$$$$$*R+ U&((&'"%!&!OOOOOO*T@ %("'&"=(OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO$*T* V %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 14

&"/!"'(&%!$$$$$*95 %!&!)2 .!OOOOOO*9R 4#"4'" .>?$$$$$$$$$$*9R 4#&4!%%.!OOOOOOOOOOOO*99 %&(&'"/4(&%*9+ "%&% %&.&("/>"?$$$$$$$$$$P$$$*,* &)" -&!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*,Q .1&&(-&!$$$$$$*,R &%!(4(!%/ !!4&("/ .!OOOOOOO)("4""4&!&%-&% $$$$)("4"! .OOOOOOOOOO*,T *+@ *+8 ..$$$ R$$$ %4!&%!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO"4.."%/(&%!)OOOOOOO"4.."%/(&%!))("4"$O!1"4(!)(""!"4#OO..OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO8@R 8@T 88* OOOO889 $$$$88+$$$$$$$$858 B&' %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 15

>>;? $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$85T $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$85+ & $EKOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO8Q* $78$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$8Q5 $$$$$$$$$8QR $U$$$$$$$$$$$$$8Q9 $JU$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$8RR $JU$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$8R9 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$8T5 E$K NKOOOOOOOO8TT L$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$8T+ K$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$8,@ OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO8,8 B' %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 16

& 8$*1&44-B$$$$$$M$$$$8* 8$84&%(#"QT 8$5#4(""'"1."%(/"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$TQ 5$*44"!!) .$$$$$$$$$9T B'& %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 17

: 5$*/.&!!&%!.1"/(K(#) /.&!!&%!J&(#(E%**++*( "4"."5**++8$$$$$$$$$$$$,* 5$8))"%/")&"($$$$$$$,8 Q$*%&(&!!"!!."%()(.1%(""!$$$$$P$$$*85 Q$8(.1""!4&1(&%!M$$$$M$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*8R Q$5"(.1E"!%"!!($$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*89 Q$QE"!%"!!(.11(($$$$$$$$$$$$$$*8+ Q$R>)("4"?'!$!((.1 E"!%"!!($$$$$$$*8+ Q$T'"%)("4"E"!%"!!($$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*5@ Q$9"!4&1(&'"(.1E"!%"!!(1"($$$$$$$*58 Q$,"("!((.178($$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*55 Q$+!((.178(OOOO*5Q Q$*@"("!(<1(.1&!%78($$$$$$$*5T Q$**"1"%/"%("
PAGE 18

Q$*R!!!"4(&%!(("!((.1'!$ )("4"E"!%"!!4"!$$$$$$$$$*Q@ Q$*T)("4"'!$%)("4"E"!%"!!4"!$$$$$$$$*Q* Q$*94"!.1&% "(.1 !((.1%/)("4"OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO*Q8 Q$*,%)("4"'!$)("4"E"!%"!!"'" (1"( P$$*Q 5 Q$*+#&!3".1&!%!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*QQ Q$8@!!!"4(&%"
PAGE 19

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

PAGE 20

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

PAGE 21

#""!"4#". &%4"(#".&/*+,@!(4.1!)(#!%/ /(!M!-%=%!G!#4-&%44"(&%GM#'""4." &%4"!&% 111(&4.% 1&(&4&%!%/ 1&4.-"!>=/*++T?$#4-&%44"(&%")"! (/".%/&% /&!4#"/")4(&'&(&"!4#4("&C"/ !(&4("!%//&!4&1&%"!&.&(.&&(!&4 &(&%&% $ (4.1!(&&C".&&((&%&% "%'&%."%( !(&% ).(#""(!&B.%(#!%/!""-(/"("%/ "#&&(("))"%/"!>4L"%C&"*++5A=/*++T?$ !()(#"/((4.1!/1(("!(!.")(#" .&&(4#4("&!(&4!)%/&%(#"."/)4"!( "%"%($44/&% (=/>*++T?(#"!" 4#4("&!(&4!&%4/"7 *?4-!!("#!&% 8?&&((&("! 5?&&(!("1(4 2 Q?&&%!(4(! R?&&(!("%&).!)&%.("!%/!()) & & 6 & 6 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 22

(# #!1"4&)&41 ..&% &%(4.1!'&"! =&/"4..%4")1 .!#!"." "/). %.")!'"!%/!(/&"!>=/*++T?$#"!".2 1 .!&%4/"7 *?&&(/&%//&!4&1&%" 8?#!&4 5?#!&4)&(%"!!"B"4&!"1 .! Q? <4#4%!"&% "/4(&% R?/4(&% T?4(&%(&%&% 21"1(&% 9?(#"4%!"&% (#"1$ 1%"%(!)(#"1 ..&%(&%(#((4.1! "%2!44"!!&%%.")=!$#""/4"1".! !!4&("/=&(#&%!(&((&%&C(&%="&% (#"4!(! )&%44"(&%=#&")""&% 1'""/!14"$ #"&/&%/"'"1&% ))"%/"!H!-&!$%/(#"#"1 4#% "-"((&(/"!)))"%/"!$(&!#1"/(#( ((&(/"4#% "!=&)!(""#'&4#% "!=). 4&.&%4(&'&(>(%"($*++5?$ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 23

#"!&!)(#"!"((&(/"%/"#'&4#% "! &!(#""&")(#(.%)(#"))"%/"!/"'"1 !")/&!4&1&%"1&/"!")"!("".%/(#""%&% !-&!%/'&("!(#!.-&% (#".1/4(&'"."."! )!4&"($ 44/&% (4L"%C&">*++97,8,?4"4(&% (4.1! )4!%!(4("/&!4&1&%"%/1#!&4%/< ."%(4#"% "$#""B1"&"%4"!)(#"))"%/"! &%(#"1 .!X"Y%(&4&1("/(4#% "(#".&% 1!&(&'"=!(#"&)("4&.&%4(&'&(&"! =&""/4"/$#"."4#%&!.)(#&!4#% "&! ((&("/('&!)4(!!4#!!")"!("". &%4"!"/%/!=&(#!())%/1""!$ (#"."4L"%C&">*++Q7T8?%("!(#( ))"%/"!G"4."."1!&(&'"((#"&"B1"&"%4"! (#"&)("%/#=(#"#'""%")&("/).(#" 1 .$G'"))"%/"!&%(4.1"'")""&% ."1!&(&'"((#".!"'"!%/(#"&)("%/(#" R %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 24

""!!%(&!4&(#%")"(#""%(""/>4L"%C&"N *++RA4-"*++R?$ 4.1&!%))"%/"!&%(/&(&%1&!%!! "4.""!!%(&!4&(%(!.4#(4.1 &%.("!>4L"%C&"N*++RA4-"*++R?$ %)(%("(#"((&(/"!)(#"!"1&!%"!(=/ (#"&"B1"&"%4"!%/)("/%(4#% "&%1!&(&'" /&"4(&%$44/&% (4L"%C&">*++5789? #" "%"11(&%&%.("!/&/%((#&%-(#((#"& "B1"&"%4"&%1&!%#/#"1"/(#".("%!") /&!4&1&%"("%((#".!"'"!(4#% "&% 1!&(&'"=("4.".".("=#&"(4.1 &%.("!=""."1(( ""=&(#(#"!"!(("."%(!$ ( ""#="'"%(#"1!&(&'"!1"4(!) (4.1!$!%""1(!(("!7 $$$XY#""&!&((""'&/"%4"(#((#"( 4.14(4#% "!(#""#'&) 1(&4&1%(!$$$$B1(%!"!! "!( (#""."!."/&))""%4"!$$$((#&!&! !(&%(/4."%("/=&(#!(% "!"4# !11(>*++T7B&&?$ T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 25

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

PAGE 26

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

PAGE 27

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

PAGE 28

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

PAGE 29

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

PAGE 30

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

PAGE 31

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

PAGE 32

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

PAGE 33

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

PAGE 34

#"&("(""'&"=)(#&!!(/" &%!&% #1("8=&(#&")#&!(&41"!1"4(&'")( &4.1!$"'"4&."(#"&"!%//"'"1."%((#"&"! & 6""B1"/(#("("((4.1!%/)("4"$ 0#"("!(&%!(."%(!."(#/!%/!((&!(&4(! 0".1"/&%4%/4(&% (#&!!(/"/"!4&"/&% #1("5$#1("Q=&)4!%(#"1"!"%((&%) 2/(%/%!&!$#1("R=&/&!4!!4%4!&%! 2 %/))""4.."%/(&%!)(#"!1"4&)&41 .!&% 2 (#&!!(/% =&(#11!!)(4.1!&% "%"$&%(#""=&"%!!"!!."%()(#" & 1".!%/1!1"4(!))(""!"4#$ & *T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 35

8 7K #".")"!"4#)(#&!!(/&!1 "'(&%=#&4#&%4/"!(#"")(#"&"%("/ ("(."%(!&()%4(&%!&%(#")&"/)"'(&%%/ 1&4/.&%&!((&%$#"!"/"'(&%% =&(#1 .(#"=&"&."//"/&%(#&!&.1(%( /&!4!!&%$ #"(4.1&("(""'&"=)(#&!!(/ &%4/"!&")#&!(&4"'&"=%/'"'&"=)( 4.1!$(4.1)("4"(# #"(&'""4"%( =&""'&"="/$%'"'&"=).24&."(#"&"!! 1"(&%&% ((4.1!&!1"!"%("/$"'"1."%( ./"!(#(")%/(&%((#4#4(""/4(&% %/.!(4 %&(&'"1 ..&% ""'&"="/$ //&(&%./"%4#4(""/4(&%%/!")4%4"1( "!"4#=&"%C"/$"'&"=)4!!&)&4(&% (#"=#&4##!(#"1("%(&)#"1&% /"(".&%" !44"!!)&%&(&("(."%(%/)("4"&!! ))""/$ *9 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 36

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

PAGE 37

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

PAGE 38

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

PAGE 39

"!(!$$$$G%)(%("(#"(#"/&'"%114# .))"1("%(&1".!!&%4"&("!"."! 4%!(4(&'&!(114#>%/&%4%*+,+?))"&% .(&1"4%!(4(!)"&($ 4-B!.&C"!1 .&%("'"%(&%$( /")&%"!!&((&%&%=#&4#&%1(%/(1(4%" !"'"/>!""& "8$*?(=#(&!&%!&/"(#"4B&!%("/&'&!&">&1!"*++5?$ & "8$* 1&44-B .%1(! .>!? .(1(! #"""(=(#"&"!!!4&("/=&(#(#&!14"!!7 1".(#"%/("(."%((#"$".(#" //"!!"!(#"%(!4&4!"!)(#"1". &(!")>&1!"*++5?$"(&%%%/"!(%/&% ) #=(#"1".4."!(&!&.1(%(&%! "!(&% 1!!&""."/&"!$ 8* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 40

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

PAGE 41

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

PAGE 42

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

PAGE 43

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

PAGE 44

1%"%(!)4"4(&%(4.11 .! "&"'"(#(!&4(&%&% &/!4#4("=#&4# &%4/"!1"!%/&!4&1&%"%/"!1%!&&&(=#&" &%4"!&% !")"!("".%/!")=(#>"% "!#*++*?$ J#"%&%.("! /(").(4.1!"B1"(! "(#( (#"!"1!&(&'"!1"4(!=&(%!)"((#"&&'"!%/ 4'"&%((#"&4..%&(&"! &'&% (#".(#" &&((41".""))"4(&'"%""!">4L"%C&"N *++RA!&"*++*?$%)(%("(#""#! ""%&(("4&.&% &4(#"&/&% "'(&% =#"%&(4."!((4.1!$ '"(#""!(#"(#"&"!%/14(&4"!) .&&((4.1!#'"4#% "/M(# #!&4 #'"".&%"/4%!(%(>!#%/4-"*++@?$ %(""!(&% =&(#&%(#"!(!"'""!(#"& 4"&%"1!%/.#'"//"/1 ..&% ( (#"&4"%((4.1!(#(/"!=&(#4"'"!%/ )%/."%("(#&4&!!"!>&4-!*++9A*++T?$ //&(&%.21#&!1#&4%/1!4# &4 4%!(4(!#'"""%/"'"1"/!&%4"(#""&.&%(&%) (#"/)(%/(#"%!"()(#"'%(.&&( 2!"'&4"$ &"4(&%(4.1!#'"%/" %"%"'(&% )4#% "!$%(#"%&("/(("!(#"14(&4") & 1 8T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 45

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

PAGE 46

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

PAGE 47

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

PAGE 48

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

PAGE 49

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

PAGE 50

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

PAGE 51

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

PAGE 52

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

PAGE 53

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

PAGE 54

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

PAGE 55

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

PAGE 56

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

PAGE 57

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

PAGE 58

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

PAGE 59

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

PAGE 60

)("4&.&%4(&'&((#"4("B1"&"%4") (#"&1%&!#."%(%/(#")"))("1%&!#."%($ "B.1"G&%/&'&/!=#!1"%/(&."&%1&!%." 2/"(""/).4%(&%&% (#"&4&.&%4(&'&(&"!=#"% 2 (#""""!"/$$$G>4L"%C&"*++97+$T?$ 2 2 1"4&)&4/"(""%4"&!(#"(&%")1 .! 6!4#!4"/(& #(4#&% % !%/!#421(&%$#".2".1#!&!&!%(#"1%&(&'"%(" 2 )(#"1%&!#."%($4"/(& #(&!1 ./"!& %"/ & (/"("% ))"%/"!(&!-2'"%&"!). 4%(&%&% 4&.&%4(&'&(&"!(-&% (#".(.B&.. 0!"4&(&%!(&((&%!=#""(#""(/(#"#!%/ /&))&4(&"!)1&!%&)"$#4-1(&%&! 2 1 .=#""))"%/"!"&%44"("/)%!1"4&)&"/ 2 !#(1"&/!)(&.")="/4..%&(!"'&4"!! &(!#4-))"%/"!$(#)(#"!"1 .!#'"!#=% 2 &((""'&/"%4")/"(""%("))"4(%/&%!."4!"! 1(&4&1%(!&%(#"!"1 .!#'"/%"/".%!( =!">4L"%C&"*++9?$ (# #(#""&!%" (&'"4"(&%"(=""% 61"4"&'"/4"(&%(%/&" "#'&>4..% "!"4#)&%/&% ?(#"4"(&%("%/!("="-7 G#""&!."".1&&4!11(=#"%/"(""%4"4%4"1(! ""B1%/"/((-"&%(44%((#"&%).14"!!"! & Q8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 61

)"=/1%&!#."%(%/."&")!G>-"! *++9755?$ !"/%(#&!"'&/"%4"&(&!/()(#(( 4.1!=&4#&"'"!1"4&)&4/"(""%4">[4#&#*++T? !((4.1!#1"("/4"4&."(# #"!(&%( /&!4&1&%"4#"% ">4L"%C&"*++9?$."( 4.1!!"(#"4.1&%4"./"G(("4#/&!4&1&%"%/ /".%!((">(#(Y(#&.&(!%//&!4&1&%".-" )""/.1!!&"G>-%/C&C*++T7QT?$ %"4"%("!(#"4%4"1()/"(""%4"#! "B1%/"/&%((#"-%=%!G(&%4#&4"G(#" #&!(#"(# #./&)&4(&%)/"(""%4" 4("!"."!!."(#&% 4!"(./"%!4& %/&% !4&"%&% (#"(#%4!!&4 /"(""%4"1"(&%4#&4"./"!>-"!*++9?$ 4&%(#" 4&4%(&!/")&%"/!(#"&&()!4& 1!&%!(&((&%!(.-"(#"&%.!"))"4(&'"$ %((#"&"!#'"""%1.&%"%(!&%4"-#"&. >*+*RA4&("/&%(()"/!%N&!4#&*++@?".1#!&C"/ (#"!4&%/!"(=""%(#"&%/&'&/%/!4&"($ GJ#"%(#"!"%/!"!(% (#"&%/&'&/&!"B1"4("/ (4%).((#"./"$(=#"%(#"!"%/!" Q5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 62

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

PAGE 63

4&4%(".&%!%")(#".24.1"(&% (#"&"!/"&% =&(#4&."%//"&%3"%4$(!(("! (#(4%!(%(4#% &% %"& ##/%/(%!&"%( !4&"(!4#!&!)%/&%(#"$$4%.-"&( & &/&))&4((/"'"1!(% %/!&%(#"!4&4%( &%!(&((&%!$#&!&!./"."/&))&4( ("."%/!4(/&'"!&($%//&(&%GX(Y#&! (#"(4"!(#"&.1(%("!(&%(!%4&.&% &4%/4((4#&/"&% 14(&4"!$$$G>(()"/!%N &!4#&*++@?$ 4&4%((#""%4.1!!"!)% ") 4&.&%/"'&%(%/"4-"!!"#'&$#"(#" !(("!(#(G4&.&%4(!"!!"()4(!&%=#&4# (#"4(& %"!(#"% (".%" (&'"4%!"3"%4"! (#()=).(#"4(&(!")$$$G>&!4#&N(()"/!% *++Q78?$ QR %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 64

& "8$8 4&%(#"* & & # 2 &%&.. ")&/! &/ */1("/)..1N())/*++* QT %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 65

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

PAGE 66

(#"&-"&#/)"% &% &%!4#4(!X4&.&% /"&%3"%(YX&!Y=#(="4!")4%(G>&!4#&N (()"/!%*++Q78?$ (# #&!4#&H!!4&4%((#">*+T+?&! (#""/&% 4%((#">*++@?(#"!")4%( (#"1()(#&!4#&%/(()"/!%&! &%&% &% 11&(> %"=*++R?$(()"/!%%/&!4#&&!( !"'"(&(!(#(4#4("&C"&%/&'&/!=&(#= !")4%($%&4.%)(#"!"(&(!" /"!4&"/&%(#!(&%%/!4&"%&% (#"&"!$ #"""!."/&!4&."!((#"!")4%((#"$ #""4.."%/(#((()"/!%%/&!4#&"B1" 1!!&"(#"&%(" (&%=#&"11/&% (#" &.1(%(=-&%!")4%(>!.&4-"($*++5A -"!*++9?$&!4&."!%(=&(#!(%/&% = !")4%(4%!(4(!! "!(1=")(#"$ 4&"%&% #" 4&"%&% (#"&!.2(#"&% 4&.&% >-"!*++9?$#&!&!.&%4%("%/&% (#")4#4(""/4(&%!=">J% /*++R? !="=&!""("$%(#")&"/)4&.&% Q, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 67

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

PAGE 68

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

PAGE 69

"%&% 1&%4&1"!"4!")(#"&/".%!(("/ )%4(&%1="&%11&"/!"((&% !$4! (("%(&%(/"'"1."%()4(!%/&%)"%4"!% 4&.&%4%/4($=)(#!""!(#(="=&"'&"= ".4#4(">./"'"1."%(?%/4 %&(&'" /"'"1."%($/"'"1."%(&!"(&'"%"=((#" &("("=#&"4 %&(&'"/"'"1."%(&!4&(&4( %.")&%("1"!%4 %&(&'"!-&!1 .!%/ "#&&((&%1 ..&% $ "'"1."%(/"! %(/4(&%("'"1."%( %4"!&% ="!""4&."(#"/&!4!!. "&")!"&")!&%4%2%4(&%=&(#(#")4(! >"%/N&(*++Q?$%&4.%)(#"!" 4%!(4(!" /&% "&")!!4&4%(%/ ((&(/"!#'"%.")1"!(4 %&(&'". /"'"1."%($%")(#""(#"&!(!&%. /"'"1."%(=!E"%& "($& "(>*+58?/"'"1"/ #1(#"!&!=#&4#(""4."(#"!((&% (#( 4#&/"%/"'"1&%!( "!!&.&(L#" H!>*+T+? %/.-=-&%.!( "(#"$ R* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 70

& "(>*+58*+TR?!(/&"/./"'"1."%(). 4 %&(&'"/"'"1."%(114#%/1!(("/(#( (#"""(=/./"'"1."%(4(" &"!7*? #"("%.!!( "(#(&!.&()4%!(&%(%/ 4"4&'""!A%/8?%(%.!!( "=#&4#&! !&.&(.&()41"(&%(&%"! >""%/(*++8?$ %(#"!(5@"!="#'"!""%!"'".2 !(".!)./"'"1."%( =7*?'"! 4&)&4(&%A8?/"4&!&%.-&% !-&!4 %&(&'" /"'"1."%((#"A%/5?4#4(""/4(&%$4# )(#"!"!(".!&!&.1(%((!(/"4!"(#""#'" ""%!.")&"!% =&(#!."1.&!&% !44"!!$ "&(&!&.1"(&'"(!""GJ#(=-!DG%/GJ#( /"!%H(=-DG "!&)&4(&%/" #"4%4"1()'"!4&)&4(&%>?=! /"!& %"/&%(#"*+T@!&!$(#!%/&/%"$ &.%>*+TT?$("=/L&!4#"%.2&%"/&.% (#!"($!%&%(""4("/")$ #&!114#&!"B("."11"4!"&(&! "%("(&%&% )!(/"%(!%/"(&'""!) ("4#"!(!"$#"!&4/&!4&1&%"" /&% &! R8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 71

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

PAGE 72

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

PAGE 73

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

PAGE 74

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

PAGE 75

$ ( "*$#"!( ")1%&!#."%(%/"/&"%4" ( "8$ #"!( ")&%/&'&/&%!(."%( 11!"%/"B4#% $ ( "5$ #"!( ").(&%("1"!% "B1"4((&%!"(&%!#&1!%/ 4%).&( ( Q$ #"!( ")!4&!!(".%/ 4%!4&"%4".&%("%%4" < $ $ ( "R$#"!( ")1&& #(!%/!4& 4%(4((&&( ( "T$#"!( ")%&'"!"(#&4 1&%4&1"! 44/&% (".&% >*++8?"!"4#%(#" 114#&!"!44"!!!($(#".2"'&"=! #'""4#"/!&.&4%4!&%!$J#"%!(/"%(!" "% "/&%(#"14"!!)/&!4!!&% ./&"..! >44.1%&"/4 %&(&'"/&!"3&&&.?%/"B1!"( "B.1"!)(#"%"B(#& #"!((")."!%&% %/ =#"%(#"!"!!&%!!()("!(!"."!("!#&)( &%!(/"%("!%&% )*
PAGE 76

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

PAGE 77

/".%!((&% !."4"(&%"(=""%."!%&% %/"#'&$ "4%(&%(#"1&!1 ./"'"1"/ &(("%/L"%%"(#&%!%>*+,,?$(&!!"/% (#"K4#"!%%/."%=4%4"1(!)/&))""%(&(&% (#" (#&%-&% 1(("%!)4&.&%!).(#!")%%`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

PAGE 78

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

PAGE 79

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

PAGE 80

4#4(""/4(&%&!1%4">4-=/*++5A&C" *++*?$."!&(!#/%("'"%"")!4#! "4!"G(#"!4#!#'"%& #((((".1(((%!.&( .'"!((".1((&%)"%4""(#&4 4%!&/"(&%!G>""&("*+95A44&*+,+?$(& "4"%(!(/&"!%4#4(""/4(&%&%(#"L*8"% "%=!((&% ((&4-"&%=&(#!."4(&%( 1(&.&!(&4"!(!$#"%"B(!"4(&%=&"'&"=(#&!$ (&.(")11!"!(#"3"!(&%&!7% 4#4(""/4(&%#'"%&.14(%"#'&D%/&) 4#4(""/4(&%)4#&/"%&%(#"L*8"%&! =(#)4%!&/"(&%(#"11"'"%(!.")(#" "#'&!(#("/(4&.&%&(!#/="%(-( !."1 .!&%(#"4"4(&%=/(#(" 4#4("!"/DJ/&("1!!&"=&(#4#4(" "/4(&%&%1&!%!%/!!"3"%((4.1!( 1"'"%("'"!"!.")(#""#'&!(#(&%.% &%!(%4"!"/(4&.&%&(D %")(#"1".!)4#4(""/4(&%&!4)/")&%&(&'"./"!$#.!&4-%%"(#""/"!) 4"%(4#4(""/4(&%.'"."%(.#'"(#".!( 4.1"#"%!&'"%//")&%&(&'"./"(/("$&4-%#! 4)("/%.")4.1%"%(!).%.") /&!4&1&%"!(&%4/"1!4# %/1#&!1#$% T8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 81

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

PAGE 82

& "8$5 #4(""'"1."%(/"8 %2#345%657 %2#38))357 90 :;( <) =3" >;( ,+ 9 :4" <*"(! = >?(! ,;(! %2#3#0%5 90 :6 <+ 8.&4-%*++*$ TQ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 83

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

PAGE 84

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a 0&("%4 "!%//&!4 "!$$$X4Y""!) 4%/4(!(/"%(=%"!#&1)(#!""!!11(&'" "%'&%."%($$$X(#"!"Y!#1""#'&>".&% *++Q7R9?$ TT %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 85

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

PAGE 86

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

PAGE 87

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

PAGE 88

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

PAGE 89

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

PAGE 90

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

PAGE 91

")%4"1(11"!(#'""!!"!"4#%//&"4( 4%%"4(&%=&(#4&."(#"$"%((#""&!&((" "!"4#1 ..&% &%(#"4#4("!")4%4"1( "%$!!&)&4(&%(#"=!/&!4!!"/!"4"%( "!"4##/!!."1.&!"&%.(4#&% &%.("!((#" & #((%!&(&%!1"4&&C"/)("4"1 ..&% $ 95 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 92

5 #&!!(/=!(#"!"/1 ."'(&%) (4.1%/)("4"1 .(#("!("/&%%" 11"("!(<1!(("!(<1!(("!(/"!& %$#&!!(/!"/ '&"()&%!(."%(!(#(&%4/"/(=(#(#'" "!"4##&!()5@.""!$%%!&!) 1 .!&%4/&% (#"&)&(!"/%(#""B1&4&( &.1&4&((#"&"!(&"/&%((#"!"/"'(&%=! ((".1("/$//&(&%3&((&'"("4#%&3"!="" !"/% =&(#4!"!(/4%!(4(!$ "!& %)(#"(/ (# #(#&!=!& &%3!&"B1"&."%( !(/&("4."/")4(1""B1"&."%(/"!& %! %" 11"("!(<1!(("!(<1!(("!(/"!& %> %*++5? /"(4-)4.1&!% 1%/!2"4( ((&(&%$#"1 ."'(&%("!("/&%.("!")" (#""%(""/(4.1& #(")"%" /(&% 9Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 93

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

PAGE 94

=&"%C"/!"/%1 .(#"(!(("/ %/"!"4#(# #4&4.4%("%(%!&! &%("'&"=!%/)&"/!"'(&%!$!&.1"."%((&% =&""'("/!&% ""'%(%/'&"/($ & 24#)(#".24.1%"%(1 .!&%(4.1%/ & )("4"=&/"!4&"&.1"."%((&%%/1 (#""(&4&!!"!$ & "5$* 44"!!) .5 0 .1"."%((&%#" =#&4# "/ M !"( .(&% ))"4( "!&"/! 4"!! //&(&%(#""!"4#"=&"B1"(#" /&))""%4"!"(=""%(#"G4%(!1"4(G)(#"(4.1 %/(#""#&&((&'"1 ..&% (!""&)(#""" 4%)&4(!"(=""%(#"4#% !%/4%(!>#.! %/"*+9R?$ 5/1("/).J&"!!*++,7*8+& "T$*$ 9T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 95

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

PAGE 96

).(#" !("1("."%/4("*++T&%4.&% &%.("!$)(#4#(>'"."*++T?=!//"/ "4!"(#")&!(4#(#/!& %&)&4%(((&(&%=&(# '"= /(&%(">%R()(#"& &%5T /("/%(&."?$#"4%4"1()&%(4(4#(!) 1"1"("!(%/1!(("!(4.1&!%!#/("%/%"/ "4!")!& %&)&4%(((&(&%%/)&"(43&" /"3("1!(("!(!4"!)("(#""!"4#"")((#" /"$#""!"4#"=!"(43&"% %%]5+)E"!%"!!/"1"%/"%(1"("!(%/1!(("!( !.1&% >%]5R)(#"78?$#""!"4#"!!."/ &%/"1"%/"%4")(#"4!!!"4(&%/(%!&!$ !!!"4(&%/()(#"E"!%"!!#/1"("!( %]*8R1!(("!(%]Q9)("4"%]5T%/ %%)("4"%]8TA)(#"781"("!(%]+5%/ 1!(("!(%]QR)("4"%]89%/%%)("4"%]85$ "!4&1(&%)(#".1" #"1 1>'%(""!?=""("!("/("!( (=&4"7!!"3"%(((4.1!!"3"%(((4.1 /(&%%/!."((#"4%4!&%))("4" !&B.%(#!)("(4.1 /(&%$#""!"4#" & &%1%%"/(("!(%%'%(""!&%(#"!." (&."1"&/!!(#"'%(""!$#""!"4#"1%%"/ 9, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 97

(!"!4&"%(&)&4!.1&% )(#"%%'%(""!$#" /"1(."%()"4(&%!=!((4-(#"%%`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

PAGE 98

"5$*/"1&4(!#&!(&4(")/"!4&1(&'" &%).(&%)"& &"%/'%(""!4.1"/( "& &"(%%'%(""!)$#"""!." /&))""%4"!"(=""% 1!"(&'"(1&4&.&% #&!($#"" /.&!!&%!#/."1(&%%/ 1&!%(".!$#"%%'%(""!!#/." .&!/"."%%/)"%"!(!$ ,@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 99

"5$* /.&!!&%!.1"/(K(#)/.&!!&%! J&(#(E%**++*("4"."5**++8Q %%(""! '" " 88$8! 8Q$,! % R@$@Z R*$RZ &!1%&489$@Z88$+Z 4*9$+Z *+$+Z (#"<%-%=%R$*Z R$9Z !("&!))"%!" 5@$8Z 88$QZ !"8@$*Z *9$QZ #")(*5$@Z*5$5Z (($%'&"%(&."*@$+Z *T$RZ !41" R$5Z Q$RZ &.&%&!( /(7 &1(&% TT$9Z 98$*Z &"!&/"%(&Q9$,Z Q9$5Z 14"."%( &1(&% ,5$RZ ,*$,Z "!&/"%(& &!% T$QZ *5$9Z &.&!/"!(! 5$,Zb Q$RZb &)"%"!(! 5$@Zb 5$8Zb 4#/ "'"!!"!!."%( %11"%( *5$*Z*5$5Z &/*++5?$ ,* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 100

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

PAGE 101

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

PAGE 102

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

PAGE 103

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

PAGE 104

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

PAGE 105

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

PAGE 106

"!"4#"(!"".1""!(/.&%&!("%/.%&( 1!(("!(!$%)(%("%" 1)("!(!=!%( /.&%&!(""/( /("!((&%4.&% &%.("!$#&! =!/&!4'""/.%(#!("=#"%(#""!"4#"=! .(4#&% /("!H%."!=&(#("!(!$%//&(&% !.1")!2"4(!="" &'"%1!(("!(!&%"%/ 4#*++,(&%4"!"(#"%>c5,E"!%"!!Ac5*78?$ #"& "!(/&))&4(=!(#"4"4(&%)/( !&B.%(#!)("(4.1 /(&%$ &!(&4&( =!/&))&4(((4-(#"(4.1 /("! "4!")(#"'&"()4(&%!&%''"/$(4.1 0 /("!=""!4((""/&%%.")/&))""%( )4&&(&"!$#""!"4#"=!%('&"((=&(#.%&((#"&%/&'&/!=#(-("!(!A(#&! "!("/&%!& %&)&4%(%.")("!(!!!"3"%( "&% (#=%("4!")&%4.1"("%"!!.&!!&%!$ "!"4#U"!(&%! #1("8/&!4!!"/(#"""'%(&("("%/ #& #& #("/(#"&.1(%4")"4#)(#")=&% 3"!(&%!"&(#"&.1&4&("B1&4&($#&!!(/ ((".1(!()4!%-"3"!(&%!(#(#'"%(""% //"!!"/&%1"'&!"!"4#%/((".1(!(",, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 107

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

PAGE 108

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

PAGE 109

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

PAGE 110

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

PAGE 111

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

PAGE 112

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

PAGE 113

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

PAGE 114

(#"E"!%"!!%'"%((E"!%"!!%(&!4&((&(/"! 4">4L"%C&"%/*++Q?$#""!"4#" /"4&/"/(!"(#"4.1"("E"!%"!!%'"%()." /"(&"/%/4.1"#"%!&'"%!&!(!""=#(4( 4#% "!&%(4.1$ #""!"4#"/&/%()&%/%4.1"#"%!&'"/( /&% !")4%4"1(%/(4.1!"B4"1(&%!." !'"!3"!(&%%&"!$%&4.%(4.1! "&(#"/&"4(&%/&"4(!&("!")4%4"1(!")` "!("".!1 $!(!'"!3"!(&%%&"! &%4/"/%!"'"3"!(&%!" /&% !")4%4"1( =&(#(4.1"#"%!&'"."!"."%($#"78% &%!(."%((#(."!"!!")4%4"1(=!".1"/&% (#"1"!"%("!"4#"))($//&(&%(#" "!"4#"=!%"()&%/%/(%."!%&% %."!"."%()4#4("(&(!$#!)(#" 1"!"%("'(&%(#"=!!"/%/#&/ 3"!(&%%&"=!/"'"1"/>(.1)("4" U"!(&%%&"?$ E"!%"!!%'"%( #"E"!%"!!%'"%(>E?&!*RR&(".("<)!" 1"!%&(."!"$& &%/"'"1"/)(#" !!"!!."%(%/4!!&)&4(&%)% ."/"&%3"%(! +T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 115

(#"("!(#!""%"'&!"/!"'"(&."!!(#(&(&! 111&(")!"=&(#/(1&!%"!M."%/ )"."M!=">%"*+,5A%#&!*++*?$ #"("!(=!4#% "/!("!*+,T!"/%% (". 6)=1"!"4#(#(-"/((#"1"/&4(&'" '&/&(&"!)'&"()&(!3"!(&%!$U"!(&%!="" ./&)&"/!.""&.&%("/%/!."//"/(&%4"!" '&/&()!!4"!$ #"&%'"%(4%!&!(!)**/&))""%(1"!%&( 4#4("&!(&4!&!("/!!4"!$=)(#!"!4"! (#"4&/2!(."%(4">TR&(".!?%/(#"!4& 0%/"BM(#"'"!4"M#'"#/(#"#& #"!( E 4"(&%=&(#/"&%3"%("#'&%/"4&/&'&!.$#" !4&%/"B&!/"&'"/!&% /&!4&.&%(")%4(&% %!&!=#&4#4.&%"!"!(!).(#"!4"!( /&!(&% &!#/"&%3"%(!).%%/"&%3"%(!>E"!%"!! & 2*++T?$%1(&4(#"/&!4&.&%(")%4(&%%!&! &44("!(#""(&'"/&!(%4""(=""%(#"4& 6 2 /2!(."%(!4"%/!4"!%(#"!4"!$#" /"&%3"%41"/&4(&%#!5@""!"4##&!( =&(#%."! 1!$J& #(%/E"!%"!!>*+,*?)%/ (#(4&/2!(."%(%/%'"%((1" !!&)&4(&%!=""(#1"/&4(&'")!")"1("/ /"&%3"%4)"& #(# /"!(/"%(!$ & +9 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 116

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

PAGE 117

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

PAGE 118

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

PAGE 119

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

PAGE 120

%%/"&%3"%(&"%((&%"B1"&"%4").&%/ &%("1"!%4%)&4(!%/")"4(=))&4& /"&%3"%4$#&!!(1"#!="&!-) "4&/&'&!.)"&(#"11"('&"%(4&."!$ &((&%.(&%"4(&%>Q? %/&'&/!&%(#&!4(" #'"1!&(&'"((&(/"! (=/(#!4#%/).&%/.&%(&% 1!&(&'"%%/"&%3"%(!")4%4"1($#"" 4%)&/"%(( %&'"$ & &/%/4%).&% =&(# /&%("1"!%"(&%!#&1!%/=!") "1("/%/))&4&/"&%3"%4$#&!!(1"#! (#"="!(&!-)"4&/&'&!.$ /1(&'">(/"%(&)&"?>Q? #"!"&%/&'&/!("%/(!#=#& #'"1(&(/"$ #"".(&'("/)!4#%/#'"1!&(&'" ((&(/"!(=/(#&(!4#1"%(!%/ !")$#""!4%)&/"%(#'" / &%("1"!%"(&%!#&1!%/!#'" %%/"&%3"%(&"%((&%=&(#=!")"1("/ %/))&4&/"&%3"%4$ "%%"!!""")%4"1(4">78? #"78>&((!%/J"%*++T?&!'"!(&" &%!(."%(!"/=&/"&%"/4(&%4%!"&% %/ "!"4#!"((&% !$#"78&!)&%/&'&/! "*5 /"(#(4%"/(11B&.("(#&/ /" "'"#& #"$#"11!")(#&!("!(&!(."!" !")4%4"1($")4%4"1(#!""%/".%!(("/ %."!!(/&"!("&%)"%(&%%&%/&'&/H! "#'&$!"/%1"'&!"!"4#(#"!4"!(#( *@8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 121

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

PAGE 122

(#"#&!(&4!(% 4%!"(#"%"="/&(&%=&(# 4%)&/"%4"$G 78/&'&/"!!")4%4"1(&%(%.") 1!$%".")(#"! 1."!"!." ."&.1(%((#%(#"'"!")4%4"1(>(() (#"! 1."!"!?$//&(&%(#"&%!(."%(#! %.")'&/&(4#"4-!(#(&%4/"7-&% / %4%!&!("%4")&(&4&!.%/%/.&!(&(&%$ %("%4%!&!("%4"!(&.("!)(#"78% ).$95($+R=&(#."/&%)$,@>&((!NJ"% *++T?$#""!(&.("/("!(<"("!("&&&(% "!). $Q9>%4%!&!("%("!1%/&% &/&(4"?($,8) (#"(")%4"1(=&(#."/&%)$9T>&((!%/ J"%*++T?$ #"=&/"!1"/!")(#"&%%.") /&'"!"!"((&% !G$$$#!1'"/%44.(&%) "'&/"%4")(#"'&/&()(#"!4"!."!") "%"!")4%4"1(%/&(!.(&1"/&."%!&%!G>&((! NJ"%*++T7T*?$ (% "'&/"%4")'&/&()(#"#!""% "!(&.("/&%4%("%(4%!(4(4%4"%(%/ /&!4&.&%("'&/&(%!&!'"1"&/)"!$ #"4%!(4('&/&(!(/&"!!"/4W#2'"%&" ))"%/"!%//(1&!%"!!4.1"/(%&'"!&( *@Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 123

!.1"$&((!%/J"%>*++T79+?!..&C"(#" '&/&("'&/"%4"7G(&!'&/(#=#"%4.1"/( (#"44"1("/1!4# &4&%!(."%(!%/=#"% /&!(&% &!#&% .% '&! 1!$$$$(4%"!"/ =&(#4%)&/"%4"(&/"%(&)!("% (#!%/="-%"!!"!&% '"!")4%4"1(%/&%!1"4&)&4"!)!") 4%4"1(%/1%&%("'"%(&%!44/&% $G 784"%).(&%$b(")%4"1(>?7 #&!!4"&!(#"!&% ".!(&.1(%(!4"$( &'"! %&%/&4(&%=#"(#"1"!%("%/!(#/ "%" 1!&(&'"%/4%!&!("%(%" (&'"%/'&"!")` '&"=$ %)&4(>?7#&!!4"")"4(!.&'"%4"%/ 11!&(&%&($ #!&4>K?7#&!!4"!4"1'&/"!."!") 1"!%H!'&"=)#&!#"#"(#11"%4"1#!&4 !-&%/!"B&($ >?7#&!!4"")"4(!1"1"H!!(&!)4(&% =&(#(#"&=%4%/4($(&!"("/((#"!"%!") "&% "(4%(%"H!&.1!"!%/"#'&$ "!%>?7#&!!4"1'&/"!."!") 1"!%H!!"%!")/"34%/!")/")&%&(&%1(). #&!#"1#!&4((&("!"(&%!#&1!=&(# (#"!%/")"4(!(#""'")1"!%/2!(."%($ .&>?7#&!!4" &'"!%&%/&4(&%)#= 4&"%(!'&"=(#".!"'"!&%"(&%((#"&).&&"!%/ 4!"!!4&("!$ ,/1("/).&((!%/J"%>*++T?"%%"!!""")%4"1(4" >8%//? *@R %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 124

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

PAGE 125

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

PAGE 126

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

PAGE 127

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

PAGE 128

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

PAGE 129

"(#/!)(%!&! (#(#"E"!%"!!%'"%(%/(#""%%"!!""") %4"1(4"4%"#%/4.1("!4"/$(#" !4"!)(#"E"!%"!!%'"%(%/(#""%%"!!""") %4"1(4"4%'"(/&"4(&%(!4"!$(="" /"/&%(B4"!)(=")/"!4&1(&'"%/%(&4 !((&!(&4!$%!"&"!)(("!(>/"1"%/"%(%/ &%/"1"%/"%(?%!"!=""44.1&!#"/!(#( !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%4">&)%?4/"/"(".&%"/ "(=""%1"("!(!%/1!(("!(!$"1"%/"%(/(!.1"! !"/(#""1"%/"%((("!($!!!"4(&%/(!"/(#" %/"1"%/"%((("!($%=!!"/=#"%4.1&% (#""." 1!$ U"!(&%!" /&% ((&(/"!((4.1%/ )("4"=&"R1&%(&4-"(!4">(% ""]RA ""]QA%/"4&/"/]5A&! ""]8A(% &! ""]$#""!"4#"!"//"!4&1(&'"!((&!(&4! %/4.&%"/3"!(&%!&%(!!4"!$ #""!"4#""B1"/&!4#&N(()"/!%H! !4&4%(=#&4#"%4.1!!"!!&B4%!(4(!$#" "!"4#"-"/((=4%!(4(!7!")4"%(""/X%"!!Y %/&.1!&'&($#"4%!(4(!)4#4("."!"/ =""7G%"!(GG"4"&(G%/G"!1"4($G#"4#4(" *** %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 130

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

PAGE 131

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

PAGE 132

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c#!))&%&(&!4&% %"$(="" & 4%'"("/(!4"!%/'&/&(4#"4-!=""1")."/$ (=""/"/&%B4"!1"/!#""(!!&% **Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 133

/"!4&1(&'"%/4.1(&'"!((&!(&4!7(("!(>/"1"%/"%( %/&%/"1"%/"%(?4#&!3"$ U&((&'"%!&! (=""4.1&"/=&(#%%!&!)&%("'&"= 3"!(&%!$#"%4%("B(%/(#&4-"%&% )(#" !1"4(!)(#""'(&%=!!"/(#"1(&% (" %!&!$#"1&.!")3&((&'"/(&!( (&% ("3%(&((&'"3"!(&%!=#&"%!="&% .&% "!"4#3"!(&%!(#(#'"3&((&'"&.1&4(&%!$ /"!)./(4/&% !#""(=""14"/&%(#" ")(. &%%"B(((#"("B((#(/"!4&"!(#"(#"."$ %(&44.."%(!=&/&!4!!"." &% &/"!(#"."! %/#1(#"!"!(#("""'%(((#"'" "'(&%<"!"4#3"!(&%!! "!("/(#&!/( 4"4(&%4(&'&($!1"4&)&4")""%4"!!(".=! !"/$")""%4"!" &%=&(#"&(#">!"'(&%? U>%)("4"U"!(&%%&"?>%)("4" %/(")(4.1?>)("4"U"!(&%%&"?$ #"!&B!44""/&% %."!"1"!"%((#"/("" .%(#%//$"B.1"+9@T@+."%! 3&((&'"3"!(&%%&"/().%% /(")( 4.1&%%%)("4"1 .%E%"+*++9$ %("'&"=/(=""""/&%(#"(%!4&1(!%/ **R %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 134

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

PAGE 135

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

PAGE 136

& %&)&4%(3%(&((&'"/(=""4"4("/!&% (= .2%/(=.&%&%!(."%(!$#".2&%!(."%(! E"!%"!!%'"%(%/(#""%%"!!""")%4"1(4" >78?#'"!& %&)&4%("!"4##&!(=#&"(#" 0#!!.""!"4##&!((#"3"!(&%%&"&! & & "B1($U&((&'"/(=""!"/) & (&% (&%%/=&%!="!.".&%"!"4# 3"!(&%!$&%/(%!&!!((" !#/ 2 1'&/"&4#.%()&%).(&%(%!="(#" 0"!"4#3"!(&%!%/.-"1!!&" "%"&C" & 4%4!&%!&%(#")&"/)(4.1!%/)("4"$ **, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 137

Q #&!4#1("=&1"!"%(%/%C"/().(#" E"!%"!!%'"%("%%"!!""")%4"1(4">%/ 78?#.""!#&4"%'"%(>?%/ (.1)("4"U"!(&%%&"$().&%("'&"= (%!4&1(!&%4/"!&%.("!")"%/)("(4.1 >?.!()(#"!())."."!(%/(#" /&"4()(#"(4.1)("4"1 .>?$ &"/!"'(&%%("!(%!4&1("/&%("'&"=!>589 1 "!?(#"(1"/&%("'&"=!%((%!4&"/%/(1"/ 4!!."!!%!<4(&'&(&"!=&"%C"/%/ "'("/$#!&4(&)4(!"!!%1%!(&%&% .%!&%("%"1(."%()"4(&%!>?/( %/1"'&!"!"4#=&!"!!"!!"/$&% "4#)(#".2(4.11 .!%/(#"'" )("4"=&""'("/!&% (#"!"/ 114#$ **+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 138

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

PAGE 139

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

PAGE 140

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

PAGE 141

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

PAGE 142

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

PAGE 143

"Q$8 (.1""!4&1(&%! E"!%"!!(7 I(()%]*TQ=!!"/)/"!4&1(&'"11!"!) 1"("!(/($#&!&!(#"4!!!"4(&%/(1!(#" /"1"%/"%(/(!.1">%]*8Rc5+]*TQ?$ I"1"%/"%(/(!.1"4%!&!("/)&%.("!>%]5+?(#( (-1"("!(%/1!(("!($ I#"!!!"4(&%(.1"4%!&!("/)1"("!(! >%]*8R?1!(("!(!>%]Q9?>%]5T?%/ %%)("4">%]8T?$ I1(/(%]5+&%4/"/&%.("!(#(#/1"("!( %//11"/(/"(4%/4(((&(/"$ 78(7 I(()%]*8T=!!"/)/"!4&1(&'"11!"!) (#"1"("!(/($#&!&!(#"4!!!"4(&%/( 1!(#"/"1"%/"%(/(>%]+*c5R]*8T?$ I!!!"4(&%(.1"]"("!(%]+*A!(("!( %]QRA>%]89?A%)("4"%]85> /("!%]*@? I"1"%/"%(/(!.1"4%!&!("/)&%.("!>%]5R?(#( (-1"("!(%/1!(("!($ I1((/(%]8T&%4/"/&%.("!(#(#/ 1"("!(%//11"/(/"(4%/4(((&(/"$ *8R %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 144

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

PAGE 145

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

PAGE 146

4&.&%/"&%3"%(>]TR$@8?$(# #&(&!%( /"(".&%(&'"#& #!4"!4"("=&(#"4&/&'&!.%/ )("4&.&%"#'&$ #"(#&/#& #"!(!4"&!(#"4&/2!(."%( >?!4"$#&!!4"#!(#" "("!()4((&% >#& #"!(?=&(#(#"#& #"!(./")(#"!4"!$ #"!4"&!44&&%/"(".&%&% (#"!4&%/"B$ "%"=#"%&(&!#& #(#"!4&%/"B&!! #& #$#&!!4"#!(#"#& #"!(/&))""%(&(&%"(=""% (#"."/&%%/(#"./"$"4!"(#""=""%.") (&"!((#"#& #"%/(#"."%=!1!&(&'"!-"="/$ %-%=%!&((&%!&%'"!(& (!#'")%/#& #" !4"!) 1!)))"%/"!4.1"/(%%` ))"%/"!>E"!%"!!*++T?$ "Q$Q&!(!/"!4&1(&'"/()5+&%.("!=# (-1"("!(%/=""/&!.&!!"/)((&(/"4%/4( ($J#&"(#"/(-!&.&((#"1"("!( /((#"""!."("%/!(# #(#"/&))""%4"!. %("!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($#"!4"! "#& #"(#%(#"'"1"("!(/"!4&1(&'"/($ !(%(""(#"1"4"%(&"!4"!)%/ =#&4#"'"#& #$ *8, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 147

"Q$Q E"!%"!!(.11(( /%/" %/"BT9$**Q$8T@R, TR$**@$QR5R* R5$R*8$*T,T, ("$%]5+A/%/"A/("!4"!$ %"Q$R(#">)("4"?!4"!" /"1&4("/$#"!""(#"!."/(!"/!4.1&!% /((# #&%/"1"%/"%(1!(("!(/(=""!"/) (#"1!((4.11(&%$'"=#"%="4.1"(#" )("4"!4"!=&(#1"(4.1(#"%/ !#=4%(&%"//"4"!"!$ "Q$R >)("4"?!$!((.1E"!%"!!( /% /" %/"B R9$5,*8$,Q RQ Q,9T Q$*59$TQ R8$58 *+$T@R*$R5*R, T$,9 *@$*@ Q8$R5*R$+* QQ 8T88T$T* +$T8 ("$%]5TA(!]4#% ").1!((4.1/(A ("]4#% ").(4.1"%( *8+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 148

"Q$T '"%)("4"E"!%"!!( /% /" %/"B T5$99 *8$9R T@ RQc8$8T T8$RQ *R$T@ T*$R +@c5$5R R*$,, **$Q8 R@ R@c8$9Q ("$"&%4/"!(4.1 /("!N%% /("!A %]8TA]4#% "&%!4").(4.1 "Q$T&!(("!&%.("!&%%%)("4" &%4/&% (4.1 /("!%/%% /("!$(# # (#&!&!%4!!!"4(&%!.1"(#"""!." &.1(%(("%/!(#(%""/4")%!&!$%4/"/&% /(!.1""(#(4.1 /("!%/ %% /("!$J#"%="4.1"(#&!!!"(>%% /("!? ((#"'")("4"/((#"""%!& %&)&4%( /&))""%4"!&%%/$ *5@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 149

E"!%"!!"'"!!&)&4(&% "'"!!&)&4(&%&!!44.1&!#"/=&(#(#" E"!%"!!%'"%(>E"!%"!!*++T?$"Q$9"1(! "'"/( &'&% !//&(&%&%).(&%%(#" &%.("!(#("%(" /("%//1().=&(# !"()1&!%%.!&!("/!4.1&!%$(" !1"4(!)(#"!"/("(#"(#""!(1"!=&(#(#" "!(%%/ "!(1"4"%( "!>55%/ 5?$#".!(!& %&)&4%(!1"4()(#"!"/(&!(#" !& %&)&4%(4#% "&%1"4"%( ")(#"5$(# # (#"/("/"!4&1(&'"#'&% %%"5&%(#" 1!(("!( 1&!%("=(#$%%!!"'(&% !"".!("(#"#& #"1"4"%( ")8) /("!$ 5QV%/Q#'"#& #"1"4"%( "!&% 1!(("!((#%1"("!(!$#".!(/.(&4/&))""%4"&% 1"4"%( "!11"!("(#"5!(1"(#("1(! *Q$RZ)(#"1"("!(!!4.1"/=&(#*$8Z)1!(("!(!$ 5%/5""1"!"%("/."&%(#"/1(/( (#%&%(#"1"("!(/($5%/Q/1(/( #'"!!(%(&="1"4"%( "!(#%(#"1"("!( /($(#"(#"/1(!(1"!"=&(#&% 11B&.("8Z)(#"1"("!(/($ *5* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 150

"Q$9 "!4&1(&'"(.1E"!%"!!(1"( 1("("!(!(("!(.b 88$TZ >*? 5$TZ>T? ,$TZ >9? 5Z 8*@$5Z >Q? ,$RZ>*8? Q$+Z>Q? 5Z 5*9$+Z>9?8*$8Z>5T? 8R$+Z >8*? *RZ 5*9$+Z>9?*Q$RZ >89? *$8Z >*? 8QZ 58,$8Z >**? 8@$@Z>55?*+$,Z>*T? 8*Z Q*@$5Z>Q?*8$*Z>8@?*5$TZ >**? **Z QV 8$TZ >*? 5$TZ>T?9$QZ>T? 9Z Q 9$9Z >5?*Q$RZ>85?*9$5Z>*Q? *QZ Q@Z>@?@$TZ >*? *$8Z >*? 8Z ("$*]5]8$TZA1(%]5+A"("!(%]*TQA!(("!( %],*Ab.1").%#&!>*++*?%%-%=%$ 78 #"!#(/")&%&(&%!)(#"78!4"!")%/ &%#1("5$=!4"!" &!("'"R@%/%"'" 4!"(R@$!()(#"!4"!"&%(#"%. % "M%(!& %&)&4%("=R@$#""&&&() &%(#&!!(/&!3"!(&%""4!"(#&!!4"/&/ %("B&!(%(#""&"("!(!A#"%4"(#"% 43&"/=!!.$((&% &%"1("."*++T(#" "!"4#"=!"((&%%(#"%"=78=#&4# &%4/"/(#&!!4"$#&!&!%")(#")"=!4"!=#"" (#"1"("!(!4"!"="(#%(#"1!(("!(!4"!$ *58 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 151

#""!"4#"#!/(((#"'&/&()(#"!" /($ #"78#!(#""!11"."%(!4"!> ?(#("!"/(!11"."%((#"&%("1"((&%) (#"78!4"$#"!11"."%(!4"!"%( (&"//&"4(((#"!"/"'(&%!/"&%"("/ !(#"=&%("!"/$ "Q$, "("!((.178( 4"!/%/" "4"%(&"b QQ$TT **$Q8QQQ5 5@ RR$Q@ *Q$R*RT RR9@ K R*$RR *5$*@ Q+$RQ,RR 5,$QT **$9, 595T*8 Q9$QR *5$@9 Q9 Q+Q@ Q8$TT *8$5QQ*R*85 QT$9* **$8+QR$RQ8 59 Q+$5, ,$55Q+R5 Q9 ("$%]T9A%]*8TAb.1"/(!(%//&C(&% !.1")%]+QQ$ *55 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 152

!4"!")"(4.1>"Q$,?&%/&4(" "='" "(")%4"1(>?(# #&(&! 4%!&/""/("&%(#"%.% "$%(#"1!&(&'" !&/"(#"K!4"&%/&4("!%'" "K!") 4%4"1($%(#"%" (&'"!&/"(#""&!%"B("."= !4"=&(#=!4"$(#)(#"!"!4"! "4!")4%4"%$//&(&%(#""&!%'" '" "!4"$#"!" ("!4"!"&%/&4(&'" )/"&%3"%(4&.&%"#'&$ "Q$+ !((.178( /%/" "4"%(&"b QQ$QQ +$8@QQQ58+ RR$+R **$,T RTTR 98 KR5$55 +$+R R5Q+ T8 59$9* 9$5R 59 59*@ QT$@**@$9, QQR* 5Q QQ$*Q +$@,QQ RQ 89 Q5$+T ,$99 Q8 Q8 89 T, Q,$RQ8 ("$%]9+A4"!"(%//!4"!A%]T87 b.1"/(!(%//&C(&%!.1")%]+QQ$ *5Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 153

%"Q$+="#'"/"!4&1(&'"/()(#!" &%.("!=#(-1!(("!(!$ &%(#""&!"= '" "!4"$#".!(/&!(&% !4"11"!( "(#">]59$9*?!4"=#&4#&!"B("."==&(# =!(%///"'&(&%>]9$5R?%/ &'"!1"4"%(&" )*@$//&(&%=!4"!%/(#"&1"4"%(&"!4"! "7>89?%/>89?$ #"11!"(#"4.1&!%&%"Q$*@&!( /"'"1!."&%!& #(&%((#"1"4!")/1(!$ )(#""&!=(!4""%(#!"(#(=&#'"#& # 1&&())&"(#""."!."&.1(%( "))&4&"%4&"!"&C"/$%(#&!("=")&%/) !4"!=#""(#""&!!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(4#% %/)(#("%(!& %&)&4%($#"""!& %&)&4%( /&))""%4"!&%%/!4"!$#"K %/!4"!#'"."!"4#% "!114#&% !& %&)&4%4"$ *5R %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 154

"Q$*@"("!(<1(.1&!%78( 4"!"("!(1(( QQ$TT 5+$R, R$@, 8$5b RR$TRR5$898$5,@$RQ KR*$RR QT$+8 Q$T5 *$Q9 5,$QT55$T8 Q$,Q 8$58b Q9$QRQ8$TR Q$,@ 8$@,b Q8$TT 59$+8 Q$9Q 8$8Tb QT$9* Q5$R@ 5$8* *$89 Q+$5,QT$5* 5$@9 @$+* ("$b1d $@RA!4"=!//"/((#" 78A%]*5 "("!(%]*8TA1(%]8T "1"%/"%(.1"( E"!%"!!%'"%( %"Q$**(#"""!& %&)&4%(!((&!(&4 /&))""%4"!)(#"%/!4"!$ #&!/"1"%/"%(/(!.1"#/88&%.("!=#!"'" !4&%/"B/"4&%"/Q&%.("!!4&%/"B".&%"/ (#"!."%/*5&%.("!=#!"!4&%/"B!4"! &%4"!"/$ !"&"!)/"1"%/"%((("!(!=""%=&(# !& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!"(=""%(#"">5?!4"!7 %/!4"!$%//&(&%(#"!4" "B#&&(!(#" "!(."!"4#% "&%!4"$ *5T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 155

"Q$** "1"%/"%(""4&(!=##/1"("!(!%/1!(("!(!?$()(#" %]5+*Q#/%"'"!(1"4#% "!$)(#"8R &%.("!=#/&/.-"4#% "!&%!(1"*5.'"/( #& #""'">1!&(&'"?(!(1"(#(#/ ="!")"1("//"&%3"%4))&4&/"&%3"%4$ %&%4"!"&%(#"8%."=/"4!") 4%4"%"4!"(#&!!(1"&! "%"4%!&/""/%" )(#".!(!"&!$%(#"1!&(&'"!&/"%.") !/"4&%"/(#&!&!1!&(&'""4!"&!4%!&/""/ !"&!!(1"$ *59 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 156

"Q$*8 "1"%/"%(.1""%?!(("!(>%? 88$TZ>*? *@$5Z>Q? 8 9$9Z>5? R$8Z>8? 5 55Z>*5?*R$QZ>T? 5*,Z>9?8$TZ>*? 5*@$5Z>Q? 8R$TZ>*@? Q*8$,Z>R? *8$,Z>R? QV 8$TZ>*?9$9Z>5? Q*8$,Z>R?8@$RZ>,? Q@Z>@?@Z>@? 4#&!3" a*@@b ("$%]5+Abed$@R$ A8 %"Q$*5)&'"()(#""& #(!4"!.'"/&% (#"11"/&"4(&%))(#".."!$%(#" K!4"!#="/!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(4#% "$ (# #(#""=!(!4"4#% "&%(#"!4" (#&!!#/"/&!4%("/"4!"(#"%=!!!. >%]*5?$#""!"4#"3"!(&%!(#"'&/&()(#" ."%!>?!"1"!"%((&'")(#"11(&%$&B(""% ()5R&%.("!>%]5R?!#="/&%4"!"!&%=&(# )&'"" &!("&% %4#% "%/**#//"4"!"!$ *5, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 157

"Q$*5 "1"%/"%(.1""("!(%"(&"/?$ !!!"4(&%( & & 0E"!%"!!%'"%( & %"Q$*Q!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%4">ed$@R? & 044!&%%/"(=""%&%/"1"%/"%(1"("!(%]*8R %/1!(("!(%]Q9$.(4-!=&(#(#" !4"%/("%/!("."!"%!&(&'"A#="'"&(/"! ( %("4#!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%4""&(#"$ *5+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 158

"Q$*Q !!!"4(&%"?=&(# !&C""/4(&%&%(!4">5$9*?=#&"%(((&%&% !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%4"$=(#"&.1(%(!4"! #'"!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%("/4(&%!7(#"%/ !4"!$ "Q$*R 4"! !(!(( %/"BT*$@+R9$5, *$59 R,$+,R8$58 *$T,b Q,$+* Q8$R58$*@b ("$!( b1d$@R$ %]Q9A !(%]5TA!4;"/(A *Q@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 159

"Q$*T1'&/"!4.1&!%))("4">? %/%%)("4">?&%.("!$%)(%("(#&! 4.1&!%.!("."(=&(#4(&%"4!")(#" &%.("!&%(#"1 .=""(4.1 /("!=#&" %+()8T&%%%)("4"=""(4.1 /("!$#"(#"*9"&(#"")((4.1/"( 4%/4(((&(/"."/&41".!$J&(#(#( 4'"((# #(#"%)(4.1 /("!&!!. >%]+?(#""")"=!& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!"(=""%(#" (4.1 /("!%/(#"'"%%)("4" 1$ "'"(#""!!"Q$*T/"1&4(!!((&!(&4 !& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!&%%/!4"!"(=""% )("4"%/%%)("4" 1!$ "Q$*T )("4"!$%)("4"E"!%"!!4"! %( %/"BR9$5,T5$99*$+*b =)4 R8$58 T8$RQ 8$8Rb Q8$R5 R*$,,8$TRb ("$ %]5TA %%]8TAbed$@R$ #" !."4'"(! (#(11&"/("Q $*T! 11(" Q$*9$ #"%/&))""%4"&%(#&!(" *Q* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 160

&!(#(4!!!"4(&%)("4"%/1!((4.1/( "4.1"/((#"4!!!"4(&%1"("!(!.1"/($ %=!%)(#"/(&%"Q$*9(/"(".&%" &)(#"""!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"! "(=""%(#" 1!$#")("4"/(!#= !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!"(=""%(#"" 1!&%!4"!7%/$4#!4" !#="//"4&%"!).1"(4.1()("4"%/(#"% !1"4&&C"/ /(&%$ "Q$*9 )("4" %/"B TQ$9@ T*$* R9$5,R$R8b T8$@@ R,$+, R8$58Q$,Tb R8$*@Q,$+*Q8$R5+$8+b ("$%]5TA%]8T Abed $@R$ *Q8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 161

"Q$*, %)("4"'! 4 )("4"E"!%"!! "'"(1"( (1" %Z % Z 88 9$9Z @@ 88 9$9Z @@ 5 9 8T$+Z ,88$8Z 5Q *R$QZT *T$9Z 5 T 85$*ZR*5$+Z Q@ @$@5,$5Z QV* 5$,Z@@ Q8 9$9Z*Q 5,$+Z Q8 9$9Z @@ ("$!"4%/1"4"%( "&!5,$RZA '"%%)("4">?%]8TA(4.1 /!% %]+AQQZ#/!"4%/"'"(1"A%]5T "Q$*,/"1&4(!(#"1"4"%( "!%/%."&% "'"!(1"$("=(#&!(#"(#"4-)*8"'" &%.("!)(#")("4"/($//&(&%(#""" !& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!"(=""%*Q"'"/("(=""% )("4"%/%%)("4"!.1"!$ "Q$*+/"1&4(!(#"#&!3""!(!4.1&% (#"1"4"%( "!&%.("!&%"4#"'"!(1"( '&"()!.1"!$#"%4.1&!% 1(#(/&/ %(#'"!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%4"=!(#""("!('! 1( 1!$ *Q5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 162

"Q$*+ #&!3".1&!%! .1&!%1! #&!3" B8 "("!(!$&!%.! **$*5b "("!(!$1(! 9$++ "("!(!$/("! 8Q$@b 1(!!$/("!a*@@b /("!!$)("4"5@$+8b 1#!$%)("4" a*@@b ("$bed$@R$A&!%%.!!"/%>E"!%"!!*++T? #&!3">+?&!4.1&!%)1"4"%( "!) &%/&'&/E"!%"!!(1"!A#&!3">5?&! 4.1&!%)(#""'"!"$ $8!4.&%"/"(4$ A8 !!!"4(&%!.1"78!4"!>"Q$8@? /".%!(("'&(%4#% "&%'"!4" (# #(#""&!%" & &"/"4&%"&%'"!4" )(#"1!(("!(!4"$#">]RT$9T?!4" &%4"!"!c8$98(&!%(!((&!(&4 !& %&)&4%($#"!4"/"4"!"!%/&(&! !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($#"K!4"!#=!."!" 1!&(&'"4#% "=&(#%&%4"!")c8$@%/&!%( !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($#"!4"!!#=! 1!&(&'"("%/(&!%(!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($ #"/".%!(("!1!&(&'"&%4"!"(&(&!%( *QQ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 163

!& %&)&4%($//&(&%(#""&!/"4"!"&%(#" !4"(# #%(!& %&)&4%($'"(#"/( ".&B"/=&(#)!4"!!#=&% 1!&(&'"4#% ") !4"!!#=&% %" (&'"4#% ">&%4"!"/]%" (&'" "%"("%/?%/(=!4"!!#=&% %" & &"4#% "$ #"4#% "!"!.'"4%!&/"&% (#(%%" !4"" &!(""/%!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%4"(#" !4"$ "Q$8@ !!!"4(&%"
PAGE 164

"Q$8*&!(("!4!!!"4(&%!.1"/( )1!((4.1%/11B&.("T.%(#!&%((#" 21 .=#&4#&!4!"( /(&%$() (#""& #(!4"!/".%!(("/!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%( &/&))""%4"!$#")!4"!&%4/"/7%/ $(# #(#"K!4"=!%(!((&!(&4 @ !& %&)&4%(&(#/!&C"4#% "$ "Q$8* !!!"4(&%)("4"!$!((.178( 4"!!()("4" ( QQ$@TQ+$,* cR$9R ! *RT$9TRQ$RT8$8@ @$,@ K RQ$** R,$*RcQ$@Q *$RQ 5T$5, QQ$T9 c,$8+ Q$*@b Q5$5TR8$@c,$TQ 5$QRb Q5$5, QT$*R c8$99*$8, Q5$@+Q,$R+ cR$R@ 8$5+b R@$*TR@$9, c@$T8 % bed$@R$ !((.1 !! !"4(&%.1" 4"! %]QRA )("4"%]89 #"""!"'"1("%(&1".!=&(#(#" 4.1&!%&%"Q$88$&!((#!"&%%%)("4" "%( /("!(# #=#"% /("!" *QT %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 165

4.1"/=&(#%% /("!(#""&!%!& %&)&4%( /&))""%4""(=""%(#"&!4"!$#&!("/"! %(((".1(("B1&%#=(#&!#11"%"/((#"4" &%/&4(&%&!(#((#!"&%)("4"#'""(("!4"! &%"'"!4">%("7="!4"&!"(("%"!! "B("."=?$"& #(!4"!4"!(#(!#= )("4"#!"(("!4"!((#"/&))""%4"!" !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(%)(#"%/!4" !4"!$ "Q$88 )("4"<%)("4".1&!%)78( 4"! )("4" %)("4" ( Q+$,* QQ$,9Q$+Q *$R+ RQ$RT R9$TRc5$@+@$9, K R,$*R R5$*9 Q$+,*$QR QQ$T9 5T$,5 9$,Q 5$Q*b R8$@ QT$R9 R$Q5 *$,Tb QT$*R QQ$@+8$@T @$9, Q,$R+ QQ$TR5$+Q *$QR R@$9,Q,$5@8$Q, @$9+ ("$bed$@RA)("4"%]89A%)("4"%]85 #."1(!"%'"%(>?( #"&!."!%&% ("!(!"/%&%(#" 1#"%(")("4")4&&($4"!=""4.1&"/ *Q9 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 166

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

PAGE 167

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

PAGE 168

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

PAGE 169

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

PAGE 170

"Q$8Q )("4"!$%)("4"(.1/(" U"!(&%%&"( >? ( ")4"%(""/ 5$T,5$,**$8@ .1!&(&'&( 5$T,5$T*@$+Q "!1"4(5$Q85$Q8@$9@ %"!(5$+85$9, *$QR "4"&( 5$+9 5$988$8,b '" 4#4(" 5$,Q5$98 8$**b "B1"4((&%!5$,+5$95 *$RT (&'(&%( 4#% Q$*8 5$,@8$+5b ("$)("4" >?7%]59A %)("4"(.1/!>>??7%]*8 b1d$@R$ 2"Q$8R4.1"!(= 1!)%%)("4" 2&%.("!(#!"=#="" /("/).(4.1%/ 0(#!"=#=""%( /("/).(4.1$!4"! 2 & %/!!4"!=""!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%("B4"1( G.1!&'&(GG"!1"4(G%/G"4"&($G *R8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 171

"Q$8R %)("4"(.1/("!!$% /("! U"!(&%%&"( >?>?( ")4"%(""/5$,*5$885$@Tb .1!&(&'&(5$T*5$Q8*$5* "!1"4(5$Q8 5$5R @$,+ %"!(5$9,5$Q,8$@,b "4"&( 5$985$QR *$,@ '" 4#4("5$985$Q85$QRb "B1"4((&%! 5$95 5$*95$Q9b (&'(&%( 4#% "5$,@5$8,5$Q5b ("$>?%)("4"(.1/("!%]*8A >?%)("4"(.1% /("!%]*8 bed$@R$ '"="!""4"/&))""%4"!.% (#"(#"" 1!)&%.("!$#")("4"&%.("!#'"#& #" ."%!4"!&%(#"!4"!"B4"1(G.1!&'&(_%/ G")4"%(""/$G#"!4"!(#(!(%/(&%(#"" 1!"G(&'(&%(4#% "G%/G'" 4#4("$G#")("4"1 ./"!(#""!(&%(#"!" "!!& %&)&4%("(("(#%(4.1 /("!&% %%)("4"/$J#"%(#"%% /("!&%%%)("4" "4.1"/((#"(4.1 /("!(#" /("! *R5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 172

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

PAGE 173

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

PAGE 174

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

PAGE 175

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

PAGE 176

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f"-!=!(#""G *R, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 177

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

PAGE 178

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

PAGE 179

'""'(&%<"!"4#3"!(&%!! "!("/(#&! /(4"4(&%4(&'&($#"11!")(#&!/( 4"4(&%%/%!&!&!("%&4#%/(&% (" #&!(&4%/!'"/($ 4."%(!%/4#&'"4/!"/")&%"/! .".%/"1(!!'"/("!!%1%!%/ 4&4$//&(&%.&!4"%"!1&4(&%!%/ ""'%(/4."%(!).%/=""4"4( (#"1%!="(#""!"4#3"!(&%!>K&%*+,+?$ %("'&"=( %("'&"=!)%.("!>"(.1?$#""="" !"'""!%!(&%("'&"=(4.1'%(""!")" (4.1$&%/&% ((#".(&'(&%!%/"B1"4((&%! )(#"&%.("!."4&(&4(((4(&% ." 1("%(&&%.("!)(#&!1 .%/#"1&% (#!"(#( (("%/1)&">&)%?)!44"!!) /("!$) (#".(&'(&%!%/"B1"4((&%!4%"/"&%"("/(#"% (#""."!."&%4"."%(1 ..&% 4#% "!(#( 4%./"("%#%4""))"4(&'"%"!!$#"&%("'&"=!! (4#%(#"G1 ."B1"4((&%!G%/G.(&'(&%( 4#% "G&!!"!(#("4&(&4( "))"4(&'" *T* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 180

1 .$="%()&'"&%.("!=""&%("'&"="/%/(#" (1"!(%!4&"/")"(4.1$"'"%%`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

PAGE 181

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

PAGE 182

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

PAGE 183

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

PAGE 184

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

PAGE 185

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

PAGE 186

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

PAGE 187

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

PAGE 188

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

PAGE 189

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

PAGE 190

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

PAGE 191

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

PAGE 192

!!"!$G#"%(#"!"&%/&'&/!=""!"1("/%/ &'"% &%/&'&/(("%(&%$#"!!(("/(&%&(&(" 1 4%!"3"%4"!!#()("(#"&%14"!!&% $#"G&("! )1!! "G(1&4).!((4.1!=""(#""7!#( #&4(!(#"&!!")%&).!'&"()(#"&%`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

PAGE 193

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

PAGE 194

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

PAGE 195

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

PAGE 196

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

PAGE 197

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

PAGE 198

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

PAGE 199

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

PAGE 200

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g"B.!(),R=#("!("/)9*Z1!!("$+ 2 2(# #(#"1!!("=!%((#"#& #"!(&%) />#& #"!(=!9TZ755)Q*?#/." +/"1(."%()"4(&%!*++R*++T"4(&% /4(&%((&!(&4!*++T*++9"4(&%/4(&%((&!(&4!$ *,8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 201

"4&(!1!!(#"(#%%)4&&(&%(#"!(("$*@ %K*++T*++9#/T,&%.("!1!!()(( )+Q((".1(!)1!!(")98Z$** &%=! %)"=4.1"(&%!=).(#".!(&%(#"!((" %"(#")4&&(#/981!!(#"(#/Q,." ((".1((#"$*8 G(!"".!(#((#".&&("%'&%."%()." !"'".%(#!#""#!!"((#".1)!44"!!&%(#" 4!!.$$$G>@Q7**?$G()(#"!"X"4&(!Y #'"%H(""%"B1!"X/Y(%/(#"H")&%/&% !44"!!%/ "%2."%(&%"%&% &%"4!"(#")&%/((#( ."(#"/&/%H(/!="&%(/&(&%!4# !&((&%!$$$%("4!"(#"=""%H("41" ((#((#"=""%H(( #(((#"&!1"4&)&4"%&% !("$$$$XY(H!14"=#""(#"4%"B%/"%2 "%&% &%%/ "("B4&("/(&(G>@Q7+?$ (&!4"(#((#&!&!'"!44"!!)1 1/4&% "&(#"(#"#& #"!(%.")4.1"(&%! '"4!"=&(#"(&'"!.11(&%4.1"/ (.%)4&&(&"!$#""!"4#""&"'"!(#""4/ ""(("(#""(&4"&%)4"."%((# #"/&% *@&/$ **&/$ *8&/$ *,5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 202

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

PAGE 203

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

PAGE 204

"'&% $J&(#(!&4!-&!&%(#&!" /(" ."!"(1))&"$&% #!"8Q# 4!!&!4%/4("/(#"11"1" /("!$.") (#"(1&4!4'""/&%4/"(#"!&4!("1!( ( )&%/&% 2%/44.1&!#&% 2.-"(!"4#$ &%!(%4"=#(""4&(H!!-&!%/1("%(& 11(%&(&"!)".1."%(D"'"1."%()"!."!%/ &%("'&"=("4#%&3"!"( #(>*@+,?$'&/"(1"/ 14(&4"1"!"%((&%" /&% (#"&4&.&%4%'&4(&% &!/"'"1"/%/(#"%4&(&3"/)(#""'"%(3"!(&% (#(=&"!-"/)("".1"$()(#" 4!!"!(#""!"4#"(("%/"/(#&!&!(#"%4!! (#(11""/(#'"!.".&%4!!.G4%(G 1".!$"(1".!))%/&% (#"!2"4(.((" &!!."(&."!&%4/"/&% %&(&'"/4(&%>*@+,?$ &%!(4(!%/!!4&("/ .! &%!(4(>?(&%&% 4%!&!(!) 4.&%(&%)!(%//(&%&% !="!%E 1 .$!()(#"!(#((("%/"/).!4# ((4"%&%.$#"%(#"E&%&% *,T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 205

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

PAGE 206

#!"$#!"4%!&!(!)'&!(1&4! &%4/&% 714"/"!&%("4(&%!!())"'(&%! "(4$%%"=".1""&!!"3&"/( "(%"B("%/"/ &"%((&%)11B&.("Q@#!$%"=&! &'"%G4"%G(#(/"!4&"!"B1"4((&%!=&(# 1 "!!"'&"=!((#""!&B%/%&%".%(#!$#" 1(&%1"&/&!)%""$ %)(#"!"%&!#'" %"((#" "#&&((&%&%&% %!(4(!">?(( 4"%.$#&!&!4"%((#"%%(&% (&%&% 4!")!" /&% (4.1!$#" (&%&% 4%!&!(!)!."+,#!$%")(#".!( &.1(%(!1"4(!)(#&!4!")(#"&!( "B1"&"%4"(#"(4.1!"4&(>?$#" .2&()(#"#!)&%!(4(&%"&%(="! >T@c#!?7#!&4&(%"!!%/&.(&%%/ ..%/!$ #""!"4#"!"'"/!"&%)4&% .!()(#" '"!&%!."&%!(%4"!/&"4(//"!!&% (#". !&% !."/&/4(&4("4#%&3"!$#"!!"/ G-%="/ "/G(#(&%4/"/)'"!%/(#"& !!"3"%(/")&%&(&%!7&%(" &(/&!4&1&%"( *,, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 207

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

PAGE 208

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

PAGE 209

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

PAGE 210

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

PAGE 211

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

PAGE 212

#"!#'"."!")/"(""%4"$!%")(#" !())(!(("/G#""%")&()(#"1#"%("&! &(H!%"B("%!&%)(4.1%/&(!1!&(&'"1"" "%'&%."%(G>@87,?$#"#'".%/(/ ("!(&% %/(#"4%!"%/ /("(" 4..%&( 4"4(&%!&)(#""%(.""(&% !(%//!$%"= 1&4(=!//"/&%*++,(#(&! %/"/&%(#" "(""%4"#"$#(&!(#"&&((" "!! >"(%?!."%"&%()5@/!/"( 4%/4(((&(/"1".!$ 4"&.1(%(1 .&!(#"2!1 .$ 4# /("&!"3&"/( "()(&."2 >5Rc#!<=""-?&%*@=-&% /!$#! 41"(&'" ""."%(=&(#"%'"E"'&4"(#(&! 4("/2!()"=4-!=$) /("!""( "(2&%(#"(("/(&."(#" "((#")&!( .%(#H!"%()""$"43&&% %/#/&% / 2)!."5Rc#!=""-'"!&B.%(#!&!.2 4.1%"%()(#&!1 .$ %")(#"1!&(&'""%")&(!)(#"&!(#" 1#!&4(&%&% "3&"/)(#""4&(!$#!&4 =""&% &!%&.1(%(4.1%"%(%/&(&!")"4("/ *+Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 213

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

PAGE 214

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

PAGE 215

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

PAGE 216

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

PAGE 217

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

PAGE 218

"!4&1(&'"/('&/("/(#((#"11(&%#!.% =&(#4&.&%"&")!%/((&(/"!$#""'" !(1"!1(.2&()"4&(!&%(#"*5%/*Q "'"!$"!4&1(&'"/()1"("!(%/1!(("!( &%/&4("/!& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!$4#&!3"("!(=! 44("/."!&% (#"/&))""%4"!&%"'"!(1" 1"4"%( "/&!(&(&%$#".!(!& %&)&4%(4.1&!% =!"(=""%(#"/1(/(%/ /("/($#" /("/(#/%%"5>89&%1"("!(/(? %/!& %&)&4%(1"4"%( "/1).1"("!(%/ 1!(("!($(#""'"!#/#& #"1"4"%( "!) /("!%/(#!"&%)("4"$'"(#""="" #& #"1"4"%( "!&%(#"#& #""'"!>"$ $*5%/ *Q?$ %%!&!)(#"E"!%"!!/(/".%!(("/(#( H & 1!&(&'"4#% "!44&%(4.1"4&(!=#"%(#% %!&!)4!!!"4(&%%//"1"%/"%(/(" 44.1&!#"/$(# #'"."%!/"4&%"/!." "4&(! (=!">11B&.("*<5?%C&% (#" /"1"%/"%(/(!.1"$#")("4"!.1"/( /".%!(("/="!4"!(#%1!(("!((4%1 !4"!=&(#(#"%/!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($ 8@@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 219

%)("4"> /("!%/%% /("!?=""#& #" (#%1!(("!((4.1!4"!(# #%( !((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($ 78/(!#=!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(4#% &%4&")%4"1(>?).(#"4!!!"4(&% /(!.1"$#"/"1"%/"%(/(!.1"!#=!% !& %&)&4%(4#% "!&%%)(#"!4"!$#"78 1!(("!(!4"!))("4"!#="/!& %&)&4%( &%4"!"!4.1"/(1!(("!((4.1/($( )(#""& #(!4"!!#="/!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%( 4#% "!$%)("4"&%.("!#/%!& %&)&4%(4#% "! ).1!((4.1!4"!$//&(&%=#"%)("4" %/%%)("4"!4"!"4.1"/(#""" !& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!&%(#"%/!4"!$ J#"%/1(!"4.1"/'"((4.1 "%(%(!(#"""!& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!&%(#" %/!4"!$(11"!(#(=%/ %/!4"!."1"/&4(&'"))&"&% (4.1$(# #(#"E"!%"!!!4"!"#& #") (4.1/1(!(#""%(!((&!(&4 !& %&)&4%($ 8@* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 220

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

PAGE 221

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

PAGE 222

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

PAGE 223

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

PAGE 224

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

PAGE 225

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

PAGE 226

(# #(4.1/1(!#'"#& #"'" E"!%"!!!4"!(#"=""%(!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%($ #"78!4"!/".%!(("/!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%( /&))""%4"!&%%/!4"!$ #"."!%&% ("!(4"/(#"/"!%( "'"%!& %&)&4%(("%/!(&(/"!!#=(#(." (#%#))(#"'&/("!(!#'"!4"!(#("'" 4" "."%!>?$#&!("!(=! &'"%%( )("4""4&(!!(#""&!%4.1&!%/($ //&(&%!&%4"(#&!("!(#!'"!.%(#"" "%4%4!&%!$#&!("!(/"!1"%(#"1!!&&&( )%("%(&'"((#"")&%&% !!"!"!(>?%" (#(4/("!(."!%&% =&(#(!&% #& # 4 %&(&'"."!"!(#(""%/(#"&&(&"!).!( (4.1"4&(!$ %(""!(&% 3"!(&%%&"/(/".%!((" //&(&%"'&/"%4")!& %&)&4%(/&))""%4"!&%"! )G'"#4("GG(&'(&%(#% "G%/ G"4"&(G"(=""%(4.1 /("!&%%%)("4"%/ (#!"&%)("4"$%)("4"(4.1 /("! !(&#/!& %&)&4%(%/1!&(&'"/&))""%4"!). %% /("!((4.1&%G")4"%(""/%"!!G 8@, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 227

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

PAGE 228

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

PAGE 229

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

PAGE 230

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

PAGE 231

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

PAGE 232

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

PAGE 233

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

PAGE 234

E"!%"!!%/4"(&%=&(#(#")("4"/((#( /".%!(("/4%(&%"/&.1'"."%(&%(#E"!%"!!%/ 78!4"!$ "(#"""'&"()"!%!(#(&%.("! 1!"(#"(4.1$%"1!&(&'".(&'("/ (#"4#%4"(!(('".-"4#% "!%/ "( 1 ..&% (#(=/"/&))&4(( "(&%(/&(&% 1&!%>?$'&/"%((#"1("%(&)!"%("%4" "/4(&%&!'"!(% .(&'(>?$." &%.("!."/&'"%)")(#"1&!%!!(".!&% (#(" /&(11"!("!."!1"4&)&4/"(""%4" "))"4(!$(."!")( &'"&%.("!." &%).(&%((4.1&%("!(4%("/ &.&("/)!#&%$"(&%(#""&!%""."%((#( !#/"-"1(!."=#(.!("&!!(#""&!!(& !#4-"))"4("'"%)(#".!(4%&4"4&($ "'"(#""!!!.""B1"4((&%!)"#'&.#"1(#" (%!&(&%$ #""11"!("!& %&)&4%("'&/"%4"(# 3%(&((&'"%/3&((&'"(#((#&!(4.1&! !44"!!)(4#% &% (#".2&()"4&(!$'"% =&(#(#""(&41".!(#"&.1"."%((&%&! 8*T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 235

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

PAGE 236

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

PAGE 237

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

PAGE 238

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

PAGE 239

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

PAGE 240

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

PAGE 241

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

PAGE 242

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

PAGE 243

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

PAGE 244

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

PAGE 245

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

PAGE 246

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

PAGE 247

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

PAGE 248

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

PAGE 249

4%4"1(%/&(!1("%(&4"(&%(.4#4(" /"'"1."%($ 4&"%&% #"/&!4!!"/"&"%/"(#" #"/&% )4&."(#"&"!&!!.2%/"&% 1#&!1#)4#4(""/4(&%$4&"%&% #"&!%"B.1")%&%(" (&'"(#"(#( 4.&%"!4%4"1(!).4 %&(&'""%&% =&(#(#" 1&%4&1"!)"#'&&!.$4&"%&% #" ".1#!&C"!(#"1.&%"%("!1"/'&4&! !.&4%/!")" (14"!!"!&%1!4# &4 )%4(&%&% >%/*++9*++8*+,TAJ% /*++R?$ #"1&."%&% ."4#%&!.&%4&"%&% #"&!4%/&(&%&% $#&!."%!(#("#'&&! !#1"/(#"!(&.&(#()=(#""#'&(#" 4%!"3"%4"!)(#""#'&!="!)4(!=&(#&% (#""%'&%."%($"#'&&!!("% (#"%"/(# #"=/ >1!&(&'""&%)4"."%(?%/'&/%4")1%&!#."%( >%" (&'""&%)4"."%(?="-"%"/'"!&'"!(&.& >1!&(&'"1%&!#."%(?%/!!)"=/>%" (&'" 1%&!#."%(?$#"!"("4%!(4(!"/&"4((&"/( "#'&./&)&4(&%$#"(#"(#(."/!!4& "%&% !4&4%("#'&./&)&4(&%%/ 85* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 250

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

PAGE 251

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

PAGE 252

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

PAGE 253

(4.1!"%"&(#"1%4"%1&#$ #""1 .!(#(4%"!44"!!)/"'"1"/%/ &.1"."%("/(#"1.-"!!(%(&'"4#% "!) ))"%/"!$#"!1'&/"%"=%/1!&(&'" 4"4(&%!4&.(""%'&%."%()(#&%.("!%/ 4"4(&%1"!%%"$J&(#("))"4(&'")("4" (4.1!."4.")/)(#"*+,@!%/*++@!$ ))"4(&'")("4"41"/=&(#!& %&)&4%(1 /" &%(&%&% )(#"!"4&(&4(!44"!!$( 4.11 .!%""/(/"'"1!!(%(&'"1 "'(&%"&%(#"1 .#&!($))"4(&'" 1 .!(#(&%4/".4#4("/"'"1."%(&%-"/ ( "(#"=&(##"(#(#""(&4/"'"1."%(.#"1 (4.1!"4.".4#."(#%2!()/$ 85R %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 254

>>;? 85T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 255

0?0 :@,:;0?";=AA 0;0@A.A,(=9.> B&C9.'>C.(.>@A 8#D&C9.'>=A(:9=> 22 6E 0302/'&)66. ;43 )(-.39 %32&(!6)6 ;4"$3C "5%021"2%%21022%"0D105%149"5 5%021"0%"1%22%"340%E0 1%2%210222"321$2"1104>2%"21" 3%20523%0"214 ;FG&H" 412 ;1&1>3%22 120 859 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 256

LK "!"4#7(.1)(""'(&%"#" !%(((#"/"1(."%()4"4(&%!/.&%&!((&'" (&%*Q@@5(#")=&% "!"4#12"4(#!""%11'"/ 1%(#")=&% !(&1(&%!!4#"4-"/"=7 %).(11&4")4&&(1&4&"!7V 0.1&%4"=&(#4%)&/"%(&&()&%).(&%7V (.""'&"="/%/'"&)&"/))&4") %%&% %/%!&!7 "%((&'")&%/&% !!.&(("/(/"%%/&"4( &)%%&% %/%!&!7 6 &%"1(!.&(("/(J/"%%/&"4() %%&% %/%!&!1&(""!"7VO B"4(&'"&"4(#!)&%11' /&!11'(""!""1().7VO "!(&%!(."%(!"3&"4..&(("""'&"=1& (12"4(&.1"."%((&%7 "B"4(&'"&" I/"$ !42&&'"&"4(4=(" )&&"4()%%&% %/%!&!5<+Q?I 85, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 257

V K 85+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 258

K ](.1(&4&1%(! V](.1%'%(""! V](.1)("4" V&!]%("%!&'"1"'&!&%)("(.1 V44]..%&("4(&%!)("(.1 ](4.1"& &"!>'%(""%/%%` '%(""!? *,@! "1() !"4(&%!>? +@! -a'H8 -a&.5 8Q@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 259

>>;? EK & 2 6 2 & & & & & 6 & 2 & & 6 :*+T8*++8(&"(#!(".!%4$+@,& '/$(#%=%/K*Q*8@8@T@A>,@@?QRT5@@5$ & #(!"!"'"/$"1/4"/1".&!!&%$ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 260

+)I);5);;5J)5%2K&8,' $>4@222&>"4;4 !9>>2 !&'! 8&8'!!B I!!! 8"L 3(+)#3+;K;);50 .A@58 "55K9=9:A(:A,A &M ,>%" ";:9A%=+9*9 9(@AA(:,@(,A9989(=9,(=:=(9C<, 09.,:9..:*B(+;.A@58 55K9=9:A(:A,A,>%" ";:9A%=+9*9 8Q8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 261

V 78 & 1& #(:*++TJ"!("%!4# &4"'&4"!$ "1&%("/$"#" )/&!111!"! 1".&!!&%)1&!#"J"!("%!4# &4"'&4"! *8@5*J&!#&""'/!% ""!&)%&+@@8R $$$((""1&%("/&%=#"&%1()% //&(&%11!"=&(#((#""B1"!!"/=&(("% 1".&!!&%)(#"1&!#"$& #(!"!"'"/$ 8Q5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 262

#$%&%$'&(' 0" M" #? *:== %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 263

>>;? "1/4"/1".&!!&%$ /'. %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 264

9999999 "3F02%21$21%2""5110%223241" F02%%2225024102"3"322&211 "2"$2%21$20324G33HI3&G0H;J ;23H(;J3;234 "#$%$%&' ;3" 1" "% > +G %5%0B ====551550K 7 1"3%0C >B> "" :%:5== 8QT %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 265

>>;? U U"!(&%!/1("/).$&!$4L"%C&"$'&/ J% /%/!.&4-/$"($>" *++5?$G"!(&% #"".1&&4.1&4(&%!) (()"/!%%/&!4#&H!"%"#")&."G E%)"!"4#%&."%/"&%3"%4 $5@$*11$*Q*R$ 8Q9 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 266

%%0#*#8)20#2)N);%55#2) %!(4(&%!7"!"4&4"(#"111&(""!1%!" =#"(#" (% &! ""&! "" %/"4&/"/ "" (% "" =&(#"4#)(#")=&% !(("."%(!$"!"%!="!((#)!4%$ #"""%& #(=% %!="!$)("4"")"!( (#"4"%(1 .<)4&&("&%!&%4"(4.1 =#"(#"="" /("%% /("$ "(4.1 /("D K ")((4.1>.%(#<"?OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO.4"%(&%>%?(#")=&% >4&4"? &!% E& ..%&("4(&%! """!" (&% "(."%("%(" (#" "!"%."%/ /"!4&" /H!/(" 8Q, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 267

*$)(#&% !/1!"(1"1"&(&!(#"&1".%( .&%"$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8$)("4"=&%(#"1." "(2=#"% /("$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 5$((-().!"))&!("'"%&)&(."%! .-&% (#&% !/&))&4()(#"1"1"$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" Q$)("%/=#("'"&% !."1"!"#""%/%= "'"%((#"4!()/&!(%( $ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" R$)("4"#"1"/.""%!")/&!4&1&%"$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" T$)("%4(%(#"!1)(#".."%(=&(#(!(11&% ((#&%-$ (% "" ""#/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8Q+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 268

9$#&!14"#"1"/.""%"!1"4()(#"!$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" ,$#"!())1(%& !#=((#(&!&(&!$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" +$."(&."!!.&"-""1!."()("$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *@$"%"/(#&% !(.!")#""$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" **$#'""4.""(("1"!%#""$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *8$#"1 .!&%(#&!14"%"'"#"1"/."&%% =$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *5$)""%4.)("=#"%1"1".-")%)!())$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8R@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 269

*Q$#"(&% &!L&)/%( "(4 #($ (% ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *R$"4!")."B1"&"%4"#""=&1%( "(&%(" &%$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *T$.."4%4"%"/=&(#=#(#11"%!(."&%(#" !#(%(#%&%(#"% %$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *9$(#/(=!("(#"((#$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *,$/%(&"$ (% "" "%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" *+$=&(( "((#"(#&% !=%("'"%=#"%-%= &(*!4!&% 1".!)(#"1"1"$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8@$J#"%1&% ."/%(=%((4#"($ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8R* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 270

8*$'"%"!#/((("(#"((#$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 88$#""&!%(#&% &%)("4"(#(#"1"/."$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 85$("(#"((#"'"%&)&( "(!."&%("$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8Q$)("4"/&/%(#"1."&%%=$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8R$#'"(("&"!44!&%$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8T$=!( #"% #(#%/")("4"$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 89$"!"./"(""%(&)&(#"1!=&% ."$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% & &! "" & 8R8 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 271

8,$."4.&% .".("#""$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8+$.&"!#"1." "(()1".!$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 5@$=&&"(!(()("$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 5*$&% &!%& /"$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 58$#")("4""B1"&"%4"=&%(4#% "."$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 55$((".1(()=(#""!=#"%1&% ."$ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 5Q$#&!14"#"1"/.""%#%"!("!1"4(%/ "!1%!&&&($ (% "" ""%/"4&/"/&! ""(% &! "" 8R5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 272

1(&%7"!"//%4.."%(!" /&% (4.1 %/=#(#!#11"%"/!&%4"(4.1>1"!"1&%(?$ .."%(!7OOOOOOOO& & & 8RQ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 273

V JU & & & & 8RR %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 274

L:M+;L> *$JKKBD JV 8$JKVD K < 5$KK JJD Q$JKVJKJ D R$JKJK>? JKKKD T$VD 8RT %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 275

V JU 8R9 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 276

UU *$J#(&!4%/DD&&((#D 8$J#(&%(""!("/&%(#&!(1")=-D 5$%=%=/!=#(&((#"11!"%/.&!!&%) (#"DD Q$J#("/1&%(#&!(!-D"!4&"D >=1%/1"=&(#(#&!3"!(&%$? R$"!4&"(&%&% (#("4"&'"/&%ED J#(=!(#".!(&.1(%(D J#(=!(#""!(&.1(%(D 8R, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 277

T$J#(1 .1 .!/"&"'""%")&((#" "4&(!(#".!(DJ#D '"!"'"/(("%/"/%)(#"(#"1 .!D 9$J#(1 .1 .!/"&"'""%")&((#" "4&(!(#""!(D ,$J#(/"B1"4( /("!)("&-"=#"%(#" "'">=/1&4("?D +$J#(4#% "!/!""&%(#"&%.("!)("+@/!D *@$%/"!4&"(#"(&%&% ("4#%&3"!!" >"&(#"4!!.&%!(4(?DJ#("(#!" ("4#%&3"!!"%"(#"&%-"/(1(&4 1#&!1#D **$"!4&"#=(#">4!!.)&%!(4(? "'(&%D *8$=/44.1&!#(#"&%!(4(> 4!!.? "'(&%!D J#(/-)D "(#""!)(#""'(&%/")&%"/D *5$J#(&!(&%&% 1#&!1#D 8R+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 278

*Q$=/&%44("(#"'"!>"!1"4( &!4&1&%"(%(" &(?!!!()) 4!!.&%!(4(D *R$"(#"!"'"!(&(!"'("/D *T$J#((#"(#"&"!)4&.""(=-( D "1"%/&% %(#"&%("'&"=(#""")=1%/ '&"()1&% 3"!(&%!>!1%(%"!?$ 8T@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 279

V 8T* & %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 280

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

PAGE 281

/&% (#&!!(/$ 1"!%/!'"!=&".&%&%(#" 1!!"!!&%)(#""!"4#"%/%)("44"!!( (1"!%/!'"!=&" %("/%(3&)&"/ "/4(&%"!"4#"!4%/4(&% '"&)&""!"4# 12"4(!$ )#'"%3"!(&%!((#""!"4#%= (".4%(4(2$"#" ((#""%(" )#4(""'"1."%(4/"./,@,Q@$ 1#%"%."&!>9*+?555Q89R$K1(&4&1(&%&% (#&!!(/&!'%(%/=&#'"%"))"4(% !"%("%4"1"$K.=&(#/=(%(&."/&% (#"!'"&%("'&"=14"!!=&(#(1"%($ #'""/%/%/"!(%/(#""B1%(&%)(#&!!(/ %/ ""(1(&4&1("$ &%(."(" & %(" 8T5 & %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 282

7(1)("4" '(&% $"#" #"11!")(#&!f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

PAGE 283

/&% (#&!!(/$ 1"!%/!'"!=&".&%&%(#" 1!!"!!&%)(#""!"4#"%/%)("44"!!( (1"!%/!'"!=&" %("/%(3&)&"/ "/4(&%"!"4#"!4%/4(&% '"&)&""!"4# 12"4(!$ )#'"%3"!(&%!((#""!"4#%= (".4%(4(23$"#" ((#""%(" )#4(""'"1."%(4/"./,@,Q@$ 1#%"%."&!>9*+?555Q89R$K1(&4&1(&%&% (#&!!(/&!'%(%/=&#'"%"))"4(% !"%("%4"1"$K.=&(#/=(%(&."/&% (#"!'"&%("'&"=14"!!=&(#(1"%($ #'""/%/%/"!(%/(#""B1%(&%)(#&!!(/ %/ ""(1(&4&1("$ &%(."(" & %(" :,> %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 284

VE K NK 8TT %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 285

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

PAGE 286

0%3%2#?%?)*#2)5%80%22)0%5; ?#75%;0;#2K 5#) ?%05 )2 %2 5#35))?;#;;);;)5 6%24#0#?)0QJ%0#%5#3)?0#3 #J 90) 970#QQ" 905 :7; :77N)?+; :7 <7; <7757)%"Q <7 =7* =778 =7" >7J >77 >7;" R# # 868,6,69 ; ;#50)# ;);)D#3J%3)50) *;K0+%3%70#3 R#A 9705(975( 975 :77 :0#! :7 <00<7(;< <7 =77Q" =75F"R;= =7" ;77;" ;70"S1 ;7;" R## A? 3);2)) 9T)" :T; <7*" =7# 0%5?0 9T+ :0#? <0 =7 >7+ *2)2)3)#;) 9T+ :0# <0 =7 >T+ /<=,<,M>!6$6-5! 657!,!4 4 <33333333?B / -$(!' A C 8T, 6 ( %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 287

VL & %01%"22"13"4 8T+ 0"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 288

%125>32444 "%&&'&() )*+%)(%(&%') ')%*,-%+(%' %&./(('&*0( +%)%+&()') '%*)'%)&+%'( "()%'%'))+&% *)('%))%%((& "'%)('(%(+)%%1'% '&(%'(''.%%% "))))%,%'))%%+((&% 89@ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 289

)-,=ML,, 6H-1@ 66 %,M!66Q-6, ,--,*9-681-,Q-6=B *1@ L<6:6 ,--,69)697BL: )@ '
PAGE 290

',=H G6-,,G68-,
PAGE 291

7h7 /"4(&%!("%(&'" &."%("/%.("&%&% "!!"1(4 %&(&'"!-&!&)"!-&! .."%(!7'" "(!(%/&% 85QR XY)Y Y XEXEX* X X* X XYXY X*X* Y )* XYXY ( X Y XEX**X* K"! (V? X* XVY X Y XVY X Y %/2!-&!? (&!%/"!(%/&% (#((#""4%!&/"(&%#"&% =&"!"(1% "4"&1()(#&!"'(&%$ "!""(%(#&! 1(&%(7 >(.1? $@$B8@*9 ."7 "%&!( ,*8** "4%!&/"(&% ("7 895 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 292

<$ 775@K 7 ")/&!4&1&%"$$$$$$"!1%!"((#&( (&'(&%$$$$$$$$$$$#!&4))($$$$$$J-"(#&4$$$$$$$$$$$""&%("4(&%$$$$ 7 '" 5 (!(%/&% R .."%(!<%""/!7 & %(" ($& %(" 89Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0 224

PAGE 293

< 7b$E$bbE8
PAGE 294

7 774(*T*++T K //&4(&%"4'"1<"(."%(+T#!)1(&4&1(&% 4#&4!%%.!78@#!)1(&4&1(&% K7 4#$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$&2%$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$4&% "%!$$$$$$$$$$$"&%$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$(&.%(!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$4&%"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$%#%(!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$"!4&1(&% !$$$$$$ )4#&4"7OOOOOO "(("/!&% !$ !(!"7 !OOOOOOOOV$ $4# $4# /.&(!//&4(&%$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$"%(4&."/ <4#"("/$$$$$$$$$!( <4#"("/4&.&%4(&'&( <4#"("/'&"%4"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$&"(."%($$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$K Y Y 5 *8 '" 5 Q .."%/" R XY XY XYXYXY XY XY XYXYX* XY XY XYXYX* "'")1(&4&1(&%$ "!1%!"("4'"$$$ %("4(&%=<""!$$$$ J7 !(%4"!"$$$$$"1!""'"%(&%$$ =")!("".$$$$$"%/"!!"!$&")$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$!(!"$$$$$$$$$$""!!4&(&%$$$$ !!(&'"< "!!&'""#'&! %"!'"/% "$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$."!(&4&"%4"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$/"1"%/"%4$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$!)%4(&%.&<#&/#/$$ &.&%"#'&<#&%-&% $ 77 #"1"(&4..%&($$$$$$$%("%!"(1(&"%("(."%( % "% "."%($$$$$$$$$$$$$(1(&"%("(."%($$$$$$$$%&("/!(&%"%4"$$$$$$$$7 Y%("%!""!&/"%(&"(."%($X Y11(&'"&'&% %'&%."%($X Y."!(&4&"%4"%!"&% $$X *"%("(#'(&%$ "!1%!&""#'&!$$$$$$$$$$XY XY Y*8("1"4'"11(1XY & %(")())4.1"(&% "1( 89T %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 295

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
PAGE 296

777\< 7(&%X0XY..%&("4(&%! (#"7XY %(&%"/$$$&%44"(&%XE .."%(!72"4("/ /(&%/(").7 7!!&"".1."%(7"!&/"%(&<11(1!!&&&(&"!1%""!"7 ($ !"% 89, %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 297

5#)B ?%0VB LU *$ ;&((" 4"%(&4 %/& &/(#&%-&% $ "4&(#!/".%!(("/(#"&&( (!(1%/(#&%-")"4(&% $ "4&(&!"(%/"!(%/%/11 (#"4%4"1()4%!"3"%(&(#&%-&% $ "4&(&!"('"&C"("%(&'" "!1%/&% (&%("1"!%1".!$ "4&(&!"(4%!&/"%/'"&C" (#"&.14()#&!<#""#'&>1!( %/1"!"%(?%(#"1"1"$ "4%;(&!"(-(#&!<#"&%("` 1"!%!-&!%/"("(#"!"!-&! (14")".1."%($ "4&(&!"(4%4"1(&C"=-< 4""1%)(#")("$ "4&(&!"()&().! %/11&4(&%!=&(#(("%(&%(/"(&$ "4&(#!4.1"("/"!."(#( &!111&(")#&!<#"&&(&"! %/1!(=-#&!($ *@$"4&(#!4.1"("/.4-2&%("'&"=$ N N/ '""= '" "'" "'" 8 4 '4 .4 T -4 64 (")"%(&%(4!!O (") /(&%OOOOOOO!!&"1&%(! (1&%(! %&(&'"/4(&%%!(4( 89+ %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 298

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

PAGE 299

* %&/"%(&)&")1 ."!4"! 1 .4(&'&(&"!%/&%("%/"/1 .(4."!$( !1"4&)&"!4#&%)4!!!.1(&%!&%-&% 1 "!4"!4(&'&(&"!&%("."/&("(4."!%/(&.(" !>J"&!!*++,?$ '" #"!((&!(&4."!&% (#"1&&((#((#" "!(!)%/4/#'"""%/"(4#%4"$#"!." (#"1'"(#" "("(#"1&&((#((#""!( =!%(/"(4#%4"%"$4%'"%(&% "(&%!#&1&!2/ "/!((&!(&4!& %&)&4%(=#"%(#" 4"!1%/&% 1'"&!$@R"!!>J"&!!*++,?$ "4&( !"/&%("4#% "=&(#&%.("(#!"(#( "&%''"/&%(#"(4.11 .$ 8,* %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 300

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

PAGE 301

*++T)("4"()("(# #(7"!(&% (#" /"$E'"%&"E!(&4"$$* 11$*R88$ ."&4%"4(&%!!4&(&%>? *++R(%//!/("4(&%(.1 .!$"%/7."&4% "4(&%!!4&(&%$ *++R(%//!E'"%&""4(&%(.1 .!$"%/7."&4% "4(&%!!4&(&%$ *++TE'"%&"%//((.1!$%/#.7 $ ."&4%!4# &4!!4&(&% *++Q&4(&%%>Q(#/?$J!#&% (%7 ."&4%!4# &4!!4&(&%$ %/"=!$$%/E."!%( *++R#"!4# )&."$&%4&%%(&#&7 %/"!%&!#&% $ *++R%$(#%=%/K7(&"(# !(".!%4$ *++,#"!4# )&."$&%4&%%(&#&7 %/"!%&!#&% $ %/J&&.$N% /("%4"$ *+,5E'"%&"&!4%/4(%/"&%3"%4$!7 #(%&))&%.1%$ %"="( *++R"!(&% #""/&% &."#"&"!7% ("%(&'"((" 4!&% %(&'(&% 4"!!"!$E%)"!"4#%&."%/ "&%3"%4$58$Q11$5T55+,$ 8,5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 302

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

PAGE 303

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

PAGE 304

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

PAGE 305

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

PAGE 306

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

PAGE 307

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

PAGE 308

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

PAGE 309

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

PAGE 310

&(("'"..&!!&%>? *++R(.1!7%''&% ("%(&'" /&(&%&!%G"1(h*8,((") &)%&$ &1!"-J$ *++5#"!"(#/7.#"&"!) "(."%(!$"=&"4(&%!) '(&%$h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

PAGE 311

9 *++R%.("!H((&(/"#% "&% %44"(&%7 .1&!%)(.1J&(#/&(&% &!%$E!(&4"U("*88 11$58R5R8$ (&%%/"E!"1# *++8"#'&/&)&4(&%>Q(#/?$% "=/ &))!"=E"!"7"%(&4"$ "%/4((%/&((""($ *++Q"&%3"%(%/&% "&")!%/" "#'&7#""J'"%"/"$E!(&4" U("$$**$811$*95*,9$ 4"%$/=/ *++84#&% %/#"#1&% )#4(" .&% (%%/&%7"&% #!"$ 4-"&4#/$ *++R"4(&%(.1!%/#% "&% ((&(/"7!#&!#(&% "4"!!D "!"4#("$E!(&4"U("$*8$ 811$5TR59R$ "(#/ %!)"1"!>'"%."%(44%(&% ))&4"M? %$/$#"'(&%%(#"!&!$<$*$8$ J!#&% (%$$7$$"%"44%(&% ))&4"$ %$/$"!& %&% '(&%!$<$*$Q$ J!#&% (%$$7$$"%"44%(&% ))&4"$ %$/$!&% (4("/%("'&"=&% "4#%&3"!$ <$*$R$J!#&% (%$$7$$"%" 44%(&% ))&4"$ %$/$"'"1&% %/!&% U"!(&%&"!$< $*$9$J!#&% (%$$7$$"%" 44%(&% ))&4"$ 8+5 %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 312

%$/$ !# *++8 *++9 &% *++Q (#% *++* % *++, 44& *+,+ \"& *++, !"(/'(&%!$<*@$*$+$ J!#&% (%$$7$$"%"44%(&% ))&4"$ U%(&((&'"(%!&!7%%(/4(&%$ <$*$**$J!#&% (%$$7$$ "%"44%(&% ))&4"$ "N4-"& &(&4-((#"/")(.1! "4(&%").$ #.!$ %%(" ("/#")"'"1."%( J"!(1(%%"4(&4(7""%=/"!!$ %&"$("%!(".%/ "!%1&(%/4&%(7#" "(""%4".1&4(&%!)#") %/&'&/&))""%4"!%&.&%))"%/&% $ &.&% 58$Q11$R,*T@*$ $$"($>/!$? %%"'&"=)//&4(&%!"!"4#%/ "("."%($$*11$5,95,,"=K-7 .%$ E."!$E$ !("".&% (#"G"!1%!&"G")$#" "!1%!&'"..%&(.",!!"Q11$ 5TQ5$ $>/$? "'"1."%(%/#4("/4(&%$ "-"&)%&74(4#%&!#&% 1(&%$ "%%&!$ ""1#%"%("'&"=%/B 1"'&!)//&4(&%"4'" .! %4$"1(."%()"4(&%!%%&( /$ 8+Q %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224

PAGE 313

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

PAGE 314

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

PAGE 315

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

PAGE 316

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

PAGE 317

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

PAGE 318

J&!%E."!U$%/"%!("&%&4#/E$ *+,R&."%/.%("$"=K-7&.%%/ 4#!("$ J%%"$$N%L"'&% *++5"4&.&% !4#!7"4#&% #4(" 4/".&4!%/&!4&1&%"$"=K-7"&$ *++9"4&.&% !4#!7"4#&% #4(" 4/".&4!%/&!4&1&%"$"=K-7"&$ K4#"!%$."%=$$ *+9T#"&.&%"!%&($7)&") #% "$"=K-72!%%!%$ *+99#"&.&%"!%&($7#"#% 4"!!$"=K-7E!%%!%$ K&%$L$ *+,+!"!(/"!"4#7"!& %%/"(#/! >"'$"/$?$"=-7 "&4(&%! %4$ 5@@ & %01%"22"13"40"%01"$%"0224