Cheyenne War: Indian Raids on the Roads to Denver, 1864 | Center for Colorado & the West at Auraria Library http://coloradowest.staging.auraria.edu/book-review/cheyenne-war-indian-raids-roads-denver-1864[12/7/2015 3:29:59 PM] Home Cheyenne War: Indian Raids on the Roads to Denver, 1864Cheyenne War: Indian Raids on the Roads to Denver, 1864Submitted by bglandon on 6-9-2014 09:51 PMAuthor: Jeff Broome Publishing: Sheridan, CO: Aberdeen Books and Logan County Historical Society, 2013. 528 pages, bibliography, index, footnotes, appendix, photographs. $45.00 hardcover. Reviewer: Alan Culpin Reviewer Affiliation: Jeff Broome, a professor at Arapahoe Community College in Littleton, Colorado, has mined a new vein in the history of Indian-white relations on the Great Plains in the 1860s. While most of us are aware of the conflicts between these two peoples in the accounts of western expansion, this one is different. Every step of this story is carefully and precisely documented. It is a grim tale of savage attacks on white settlers by formerly friendly Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, and Lakota tribes. Prior to the summer of 1864, relations between the native peoples and those who were moving across and into western Kansas, Nebraska, and the Great Plains area of Colorado were generally friendly. Peace treaties had been negotiated and agreed to by both sides, though many individuals of the tribes had not participated. Older members wanted a peaceful transition; younger warriors decided to take action counter to the treaties. In April 1864 some cattle were stolen in a raid. Soon multiple attacks and raids followed with cattle and horses stolen or killed, along with the first white victims. Soon this escalated into a wholesale slaughter, a virtual genocide, conducted against any and all white travelers and settlers on the routes to Denver. The locations included stage stations, ranches, wagon trains, and even some settlements. Over the next five years, hundreds of white children, women, and men were killed in the most brutal fashion: a four-and-a-half-year-old boy with five arrows in his back (but amazingly survived); a baby roasted alive; women raped by twenty or more warriors; women and children kidnapped and forced into slavery by their captors. Bodies were mutilated in the most horrible fashion. The response to these atrocities was seen in such things as the Sand Creek Massacre, the Powder River campaign, Custers campaign along the Washita, General Carrs campaign, and ultimately the Summit Springs battle. Soldiers were attached to wagon trains and provided some protections to stage-stop locations, but it took five years to end the attacks. What is surprising is that settlers continued to come and settle on their homesteads even after others had been recently killed on the same property in relatively isolated locations. The U.S. government continued to honor the treaties by providing the Indians with guns and ammunition, which were then used on the settlers and attacks on soldiers. Owners of supply ranches and stage stops returned after having survived an attack where their buildings and property had been totally destroyed, only to be attacked again. EXPLORE BY MEDIABook Reviews Photographs Video Biographies New Publications Resource Guides County Newspaper HistoriesEXPLORE BY TOPICLand & Natural Resources Government & Law Agriculture Mining Commerce & Industry Transportation People & Places Communication Healthcare & Medicine Education & Libraries Cultural Communities Recreation & Entertainment Tourism ReligionEXPLORE BY CULTUREHispanic Native AmericanNow, thats wrong! Some of these Japanese are citizens of the United States. Colorado Gov. Ralph Carrs response to Executive Order 9066 forcing Japanese into internment camps during WWII.
Cheyenne War: Indian Raids on the Roads to Denver, 1864 | Center for Colorado & the West at Auraria Library http://coloradowest.staging.auraria.edu/book-review/cheyenne-war-indian-raids-roads-denver-1864[12/7/2015 3:29:59 PM] Auraria Library 303-556-4587 1100 Lawrence Street Denver, Colorado 80204 In the News Partners & Donations About Us Contact Us Broome has documented every incident, of which there are a great many, by referring to original accounts by survivors, often cross-referenced. Many of these accounts are found in the National Archives and Records Administration relating to claims put in by survivors who lost horses, cattle, buildings, and personal property. One Englishman lost twenty thousand pounds, money that quickly showed up at trading posts. Though those who lost everything could file a claim, it might take years to be paid, and there was no compensation for lives lost. This is a superbly written book, a seminal work on the subject, which provides a true and accurate account of the price of westward expansion and settlement in the West. It makes for hard, painful reading, filled with tales of bravery in the face of horror, tragedy, and occasional bright moments. Reviewer Info: Alan Culpin was born in Taipeh, Formosa, in 1939 and educated at Dean Close School in Cheltenham, England. He earned BA and MA degrees in western American history at the University of Colorado. From 1973 to 1985 he taught humanities and Colorado, western, Civil War, and American history at Red Rocks Community College in Golden, Colorado. He founded Abracadabra Bookshop in 1977 and continues to operate it as one of the Wests top antiquarian book sources with over 100,000 books in stock.