Enduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of Colorado | Center for Colorado & the West at Auraria Library http://coloradowest.staging.auraria.edu/content/enduring-legacies-ethnic-histories-and-cultures-colorado[12/8/2015 11:18:18 AM] Home Enduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of ColoradoEnduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of ColoradoSubmitted by nwharton on 10-2-2011 08:35 PMAuthor: Alturo Aldama, Elisa Facio, Daryl Maeda, and Reiland Rabaka Publishing: Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado, 2011. Black and white photos, index, footnotes. 420 pages. 9 x 6. $29.95 paperback. Reviewer: Fawn-Amber Montoya Reviewer Affiliation: Colorado State UniversityPueblo The edited collection Enduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of Colorado is a history of Colorado from the perspective of a variety of ethnic groups. The introduction clearly states the need for this book: Despite Colorados remarkable ethnic, cultural, and racial diversity, the states dominant narrative expressed in museums, murals, and history tours often reflects an Anglo-Centric attitude that begins with the 1859 Pikes Peak Gold Rush and the establishment of statehood in 1876 (2). The book adds a breadth of scholarship to Colorado history by including the stories of Hispanics, African Americans, Japanese Americans, Chinese Americans, Latinos, and Chicanos to the larger narrative of Colorado history. The introduction places the respective chapters in historical context, not only in the state but region. This volume is not for the new reader to Colorado history but should rather be considered as a supplement to Colorado history. Together, these chapters resuscitate the lost histories of people of color in Colorado, a state often wrongly thought of as exclusively White (15-16). This collection emphasizes the color in Colorado." The text is divided into three partsEarly Struggles, Pre-1960s Colorado, and Contemporary Issues. Early Struggles includes essays focused on the early history of Colorado and gives an overview of the impact of the San Luis Valley in Colorado and its Hispanic roots, including music, religion, and the architecture of the region. Two chapters that stand out here are William Weis Representation of Nineteenth-Century Chinese Prostitutes and Chinese Sexuality in the West and George H. Junne Jr., Osita Ofoaku, Rhonda Corman, and Rob Reinsvolds Dearfield Colorado: Black Farming Success in the Jim Crow Era. Wei illustrates the role of Chinese women in the West and uses them as a lens to show how the Chinese were treated in Colorado in the 1880s. The second essay, discussing the establishment of a black community in Weld County, illustrates the racial climate in Colorado, particularly the growth of the Ku Klux Klan and the Supreme Court decision Plessy v. Ferguson Many black settlers, the essay shows, chose to live together as part of the Dearfield project established by Oliver Toussaint Jackson. As the community grew, they faced problems during the Great Depressionthe Dust Bowl, rising farm prices, and foreclosures. Part II continues with the theme of Color in Colorado. This section is the strongest both in regards to the ethnic groups covered and to the uniqueness of the essays. The pieces on pre-1960s Colorado include a discussion of Denvers Mexican American gangs, the rise of Garveyism in Colorado, equal rights in education, Japanese American relocation during World War II, the increase of African Americans in the EXPLORE BY MEDIABook Reviews Photographs Video Biographies New Publications Resource Guides County Newspaper HistoriesEXPLORE BY TOPICLand & Natural Resources Government & Law Agriculture Mining Commerce & Industry Transportation People & Places Communication Healthcare & Medicine Education & Libraries Cultural Communities Recreation & Entertainment Tourism ReligionEXPLORE BY CULTUREHispanic Native AmericanIn 1893, Colorado became the first state in the union to allow women the right to vote through popular election.
Enduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of Colorado | Center for Colorado & the West at Auraria Library http://coloradowest.staging.auraria.edu/content/enduring-legacies-ethnic-histories-and-cultures-colorado[12/8/2015 11:18:18 AM] Auraria Library 303-556-4587 1100 Lawrence Street Denver, Colorado 80204 In the News Partners & Donations About Us Contact Us armed forces during World War II, and education among Latinas in rural southern Colorado. The essay that stood out most to this reviewer was Racism, Resistance, and Repression: The Creation of Denver Gangs, 1924. Robert Duran connects the Latino experience in Colorado to the Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles at the same time. He illustrates that the Denver Latino population was stereotyped as a menace to the community. The final portion of the book, Contemporary Issues, is a collection of essays with a strong emphasis on activism in Colorado. While most of this section emphasizes the Chicano/Chicana experience in Colorado, it also deals with activism surrounding the Native American experience, including Helen Girons When Geronimo Was Asked Who He Was, He Replied, I Am an Apache and Matthew Jenkinss Finding Courage: The Story of the Struggle to Retire the Adams State Indian." Girons chapter focuses on her personal perspective of life in Colorado and the complexities of claiming a Native American identity in the United States. According to Giron,one of the methods for defining Native Americans is based on the registration of a reservation, which, in turn, is based on the amount of Native American blood the residents possess. Now, even Apaches denied their Apache identity. . My song has always been about freedom, and I do not need any Apache nation or the U.S. government to tell me who I am because I had strong and determined parents who gave me my identity. (281) Like Giron, Jenkins focuses on the identity and the image of what it means to be a Native American. He addresses the negative depictions of the Adams State Indian and the student activism that arose when a group of students, the Coalition for the Respect of Indigenous Peoples, shared their concerns about the schools Indian mascot in 1992. Six of the nine chapters in Part III are on the Chicano experience in Colorado, and these range from an overview of the twentieth century, to the rich musical traditions in the south of the state, to the work of individual Chicano activists including Lalo Delgado and Francisco Kiko Martinez. Enduring Legacies pushes Colorado history in the right direction by embracing the history and culture of Colorado and in illustrating the color in the Colorado borderlands. This strong approach to social, collective, and community history is a must read for educators and other individuals looking to discover more history of the state. Reviewer Info: Fawn-Amber Montoya is an assistant professor of history at Colorado State UniversityPueblo. Her research interests include U.S. Southwest, labor, gender, and ethnic history. Add new comment