Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.
. \
; :-jL - ---------------- -----------------^
VOL I.NO. 1. ' NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1868.
$2.00 A YEAR.
Tlie devolution;
SHE ORGAN OE SHE
NATIONAL PARTY OS' NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL ADVOCATE:
1. In PoliticsEducated Suffrage, Irrespective of
Sex or Color; Equal Pay to Women for Equal Work;
Eight Hours Labor; Abolition of Standing Armies and
Party Despotisms. Down with PoliticiansUp with the
People I
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Idea;
Science not Superstition; Personal Purity; Love to Man
as well as God.
8. In.Social Life.Morality and Reform ; Practical
Education, not Theoretical; Faots not Fiction ; Vir-
tue not Vice; Cold Water not Alcoholic Drinks or Medi-
cines. It will indulge in no Gross Personalities and in-
sert no Quack or Tmmoral Advertisements, £0 common
feven In Religious Newspapers.
4. The Revolution proposed a new Commercial and
Financial Policy. America no longer led '.by Europe.
Gold like our Cotton and Corn for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance. American
Products and Labor Free. Foreign Manufactures Pro-
hibited. Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping; or American goods in American bottoms.
New York the Financial Centre of the World. Wall
Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ameri.an
Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
'Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor; and if Congress Vote One Hun-
dred and Twenty-five Millions for a Standing Argiy and
Freedmans Bureau, cannot they spare Oje Million to
Educate Europe and to keep bright the chain of acquaint-
ance and friendship between those millions and their
fatherlacd?
Send^in your Subscription. The Revolution, pub-
lished weekly, will be the Great Organ of the Age.
Teems.Two dollars a year, in advance. Ten names
($20) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ) E
PARKER PILLSBUKY, |
SUSAN B. ANTHONY,
Proprietor and Manager.
87 Park Row (Room 17),, New York City,
To whom address all business lefers.
KANSAS.
The question of tlie enfranchisement of wo-
man has already passed the coiut of moral dis-
cussion, and is now fairly ushered into the arena
of politics, where it must remain a fixed ele-
ment of debate, until party necessity shall com-
pel its success.
With 9,000 votes in Kansas, one-third the
entire vote, every politician must see that
the friends of womans suffrage hold the
balance of power in that State to-day. And
those 9,000 votes represent a principle deep in
the hearts of the people, for. this triumph was
secured without money, without a press, with-
out a party. With these instrumentalities now
fast coming to us on all sides, the victory in
Kansas is but the herald of greater victories in
every State of the Union. Kansas already leads
the world in her legislation for woman on ques-
tions of property, education, wages, marriage
and divorce. Her best universities are open
alike to boys and girls. In fact woman has a
voice in the legislation of that State. She votes
on all school questions and is eligible to tbe
office of trustee. She has a voice in temper-
ance too; no license is granted without the con-
sent of a majority of the adult citizens, male and
female, black and white. The consequence is,
stone school houses are voted up in every part
of the State, and rum voted down. Many of
the ablest men in that Stale are champions
of womans cause. Governors, judges, lawyers
and clergymen. Two-thirds of the press and
pulpits advocate the idea, in spite of the op-
position of politicians. The first Governor of
Kansas, twice chosen to that office,. Charles
Robinson, wbnt all through the State, speaking
every day. for two months in favor of womans
suffrage. In the organization of the State
government, he proposed that the words
white fmale should not be inserted in the
Kansas constitution. All this shows that giv-
ing political rights to women is no new idea in
that State. Who that has listened with tearful
eyes to the deep experiences of those Kansas
women, through the darkest hours of their his-
tory, does not feel that such bravery and self
denial as they have shown alike in war and
peace, have richly earned for them the crown of
citizenship.
Opposed to this moral sentiment of the lib-
eral minds of'the State, many adverse influ-
ences were brought to bear through the entire
campaign.
The action of the New York.Constitutional
Convention; the silence of eastern journals on
the question; the opposition of abolitionists
lest a demand for womans suffrage should de-
feat negro suffrage ; the hostility everywhere of
black men themselves; some even stumping
the State against womans suffrage ; the official
action of both the leading parties in their con-
ventions in Leavensworth Against the propo-
sition, with ever}' organized Republican influ-
ence outside as well as inside the State, all com-
bined might have made our vote comparatively
a small one, bad not George Francis Train gone
into the State two weeks before the election and
galvanized tbe Democrats into their duty, thus
securing 9,000 votes for womans suffrage. Some
claim that we are indebted to the Republicans
for this vote; but tbe fact that the most radical
republican district, Douglass County, gave the
largest vote against womans suffrage, while
Leavenworth, the Democratic district, gave the
largest vote for it, fully settles that question.
In saying that Mr. Train helped to swell our
vote takes nothing from the credit due all those
who labored faithfully for months in that £5tate.
All praise to Olympia Brown, Lucy Stone,
Susan B. Anthony, Henry B. Blackwell, and
Judge Wood, who welcomed, for an idea, the
hardships of travelling in a new State, fording
streams, scaling rocky brinks, sleeping on the
ground and eating hard tack, with the fatigue
of constant speaking, in school-houses, barns,
mills, depots and the open air; and especially,
all praise to the .glorious Hutchinson family
John, his son Henry and daughter, Violawho,
with their own horses and carriage, made the
entire circuit of the etate,^ singing Woman's
Suffrage into souls that logic could never pene-
trate. Having shared with them the hardships,
with them I rejoice in our success.
e. c. s.
THE BALLOTBREAD, VIRTUE, POWER.
The Revolution will contain a series of ar-
ticles, beginning next week, to prove the power
of the ballot in elevating the character and con-
dition of woman. We shall show that the ballot
will secure for woman equal place and equal
wages in the world of work ; that it will open
to her the schools, colleges, professions ard all
the opportunities and advantages of life; that
in her hand it will be a moral power to stay the
tide of vice and crime and misery on every side.
In the words of Bishop Simpson
We believe that the great vices in our large cities will
never be conquered until the ballot is put-in the hands
of women. If the question of the danger of their sons
being drawn away into drinking saloons was brought up,
if the mothers had the power, they would close them ;
if the sisters had the power, and they sawthsir brothers
going away to haunts of infamy, they would dose those
places. You may get men to trifle with purity, with
virtue, with righteousness ; but, thank God, the hearts
of the women of our landthe mothers, wives and
daughtersare too pure to make a compromise either
with intemperance or licentiousness.*-
Thus, too, shall we purge our constitutions
and statute laws from all invidious distinctions
among the citizens of the States, and secure
the same civil and moral code for man and
woman. We will show the hundred thousand
female teachers, and the millions of laboring
women, that their complaints, petitions, strikes
and protective unions axe of no avail until they
hold the ballot in their ov n hands; for it is the
first step toward social, religious and political
equality.


9

TEE IIRST WOMANS VOTE
England leads. A woman has voted in regu-
lar form and lives ; and the British realm sur-
vives the shock. The Queen and Ladys News-
paper, an elegant London journal, and of most
liberal tendencies, contains the following re-
port:
The contest for the representation of Manchester last
week brought into prominence a new element among
voters. While some peoplo talk, others act; and so,
while a great deal of wordy discussion has been going
on as to whether women, who pay taxes, shall have the
right of voting as to who shall spend the money collect-
ed, Mrs. Lily Maxwell appears to have acted to some
purpose. Her name, by some means or other, had got
enrolled in the list of electors ; and when sho presented
herself; in the midst of a species of mild triumphal pro-
cession, to recordher vote for Mr. Jacob Bright, [brother
of John Bright,] tLe clerk had no alternative but to take
the proffered vote, and record it along with those ten-
dered by persons of the more favored sex.
The name Lily Maxwell is registered (No. 12,326)
as that of a person entitled to vote for the Parliamentary
borough of Manchester. How this came about no one
has yet told us. It is suggested that the registrar may
have supposed Lily to be a masculine name. We do noi
in tiie least seo how such a mistake could arise. Had
the name been Sidney or Frances, or some others which
are borne by both men and women, and aro nearly
alike, we could have understood the mistake ; or if it
happened (as it does not unfrequently in Scotland) that
the female voter had been called by a really masculine
name, the origin of the mistake would would have been
clear. But the name Lily is so essentially feminine,
that we mnst look for 60me other explanation. We sup-
pose that the lady will hardly come forward herself to
enlighten us. But the plan, that succeeded once might
be efficacious again ; and the registrar of voters for Man-
chester will, no doubt, be on his guard in future, lest
other female voters should be found on his lists.
The vote was not given secretly or in a by-the-way
fashion. Lily Maxwell" was accompanied to the
Chorlton Town Hall where she recorded her vote, by
Miss Becker, the Secretary of the Woman Suffrage So-
ciety of Manchester. This conjunction is ominous.
Moreover, a number of persons, among whom were
several members of the All Saints Word Committee,
accompanied the ladies to mad from the poll..
The Times has laughed at, and sneered no little about
tiie event, and has said that women do not care about
political powerthat is, about votes. But the instance
on which the comments were made proves the contrary,
and has shojvn that, if women had votes, they would
probably be perfectly able sensibly to use the power
thus given them.
The following letter from Miss Becker, to the editor of
tiie Times, has appeared in that journal:
Sib : Will you permit me to say that the Womans
Suffrage Society of Manchester is not responsible for the
occurrence of Mrs. Lily Maxwells name on the register
of electors for this city ? We do not know how it came
there, but, finding It on the register, the owner of the
name used her vote in accordance with her political
opinions.
Lily Maxwell is a widow, who keeps a small shop in
a quiet street of Manchester. She supports herself and
pays her own rates and taxes out of her own earnings.
She has no man to influence or be influenced by, and she
has very decided political principles, which determined
her vote for Mr. Jacob Bright at the recent election.
We are perfectly aware that a legal scrutiny might re-
sult in depriving thia house-holder and rate-payer of tho
privilege of the franchise; but, though such a decision
might be legal, we aro unable to perceive why it would
be equitable to take away her vote from a person who
has proved that she values the privilege, and who fulfils
every condition which the law declares essential to it's
exercise. Yours, etc.,
- Ltdia E. Beckeb, Hon. Secretary Manchester
National Society for Womens Suffrage.
113 Carter street, Greenheys, Nov. 30."
The Queen is in no respect a political journal; but we
think this matter quite worthy of record, and interesting
to out readers as a fact, whether they regard the fran-
chise as suitable for women or not.
The Independent thinks, and very justly, that
it is a viry rare circumstance that a black per-
son and a wliite wish, to marry each other. But
if any two such persons do wish to marry, it Is
impertinent and oppressive, for other people,
and particularly for legislators,, to interfere.
But it seems that the Alabama Convention not
only propose to prevent the making of such
marriages in the future, but to annul all such
marriages made in the past. This is an over-
sight on tho part of that convention ; for the
number of whites and blacks who ought to be
married to one auother in Alabama is already
far greater than the number who are so married.
The true legislation tor Alabama is the solemn-
ization, not the nullification, of such marriage.
LECTURE ST LUCY STONE,
ON SUFFEAGE FOE WOMAN, AT THE BROOKLYN
ACADEMY, DEC. 26.
Mbs. Stones lecture, last evening, was logi-
cal and persuasive, varied with argument, fact,
and pathos. She gave an able digest of our op-
pressive laws for woman, and many touching
incidents of every-day life. We give the report
of her speech from the World, as the best we
find in any of the daily journals:
Mrs. Stone said the subject she brought before the audi-
ence wfte not a new one in Brooklyn. Whatever might be
the case in other places, there was one voice often heard
in Brooklyn in regard to the queotion; so that when she
came there to speak about womans suflrago she felt that
she noed not tell all that there was to be told about it.
Yet she should go back to the early history of the coun-
try to adduce one reason why women ought to vote, and
from that they woold see that the claim was by no means
a now one; but was at least as old as the Declaration of
Independence. When the war of the Revolution was
upon them, tho fathers learned the lessons of suffering,
and declared that political power inheres in the people;
they learned that political power accrued to the people
by right; and they wrote their convictions in the im-
mortal Declaration, in those words so beautiful aud so
strong that All governments (derive their just power
from, the consent of the governed." That was a self-
evident proposition, which he who runs may read; and
it has been adopted as the foundation of liberty in the
Republic. But when (women come to claim their right
under tne Declaration; when they assert that they
are a part of the people in whom political power inheres;
when they ask that thoir rights may be recognized, she
did not see how their claims could be fairly donied.
Now the only way in which the consont of the governed
is to be obtained in regard to any government is by siif-'
Iragc. It could not bo otherwise. For if it be said that
Hence gives consent, then that gives a right of oxist-
ence to despotism; for silence might give a claim to any
kind of government. By means of suffrage only could
the assent or dissent of the people bo obtained in regard
to any principles, measures, or men. From the right of
suffrage, however, were excluded non-naturalized in-
habitants of the oountry; minors also, because it was
supposed that they had not arrived at discretion to
make a rational choice; criminals, also, because as they
hod made war on society, society protected itself by
taking away their power as law makers; Idiots and luna-
tics also, because they were incompetent to act rationally
in such a matter. But all these exceptions did not con-
flict with the great principle that political right inheres
In the people; but when you disfranchise a woman, you
do violate that great principle; because nobody denies
that she has every human faculty and is perfectly able to
act intelligently. What man would deny that his mother
was capable of acting rationally in tae matter of the suf-
frage? What man would say that his wife could not vote
rationally ? And if any man should say that the wife of
his choice was a fool, tho fault lay with tumsolf^and it
ought to put him in the category of excepted persons.
The great mass of women wore as well educatod, and a
great deal more moral than a great many meu. It was
truly said that the negroes who fought in the war, the
men who wore the blue uniform, aud who did gallant
service for the country, had the right to vote. Bat whon
tho mothers who sent forth their sons to the great strug-
glewhen they claim to give expression to their opinions
in reference to the laws which thoy are required to obey
no matter how patriotic, how loyal they might have
been, the claim of these women is rejected. Women,
Indeed, are finedimprisonedhangedand to none
was ever yet granted the right of a trial by her peers.
She was, in fact, governed without her consent, in spite
of all the beautiful theories and the Declaration of In-
dependence which all men swear by. Men said It was
a self-evidont truth that Governments exist only by
the just consent of the governedyet when women
urge thoir claim to the suffrage, they said it was a glit-
tering generality. Lincoln said that if men could gov-
ern without the consent of the governedif that was
not wrong, nothing was wrong. In fact there can be
no argument against a self-evident truth. Well, then,
why deny its application to tie case of women ? But
this question had advancoff beyond the stage of ridicule,
and was becoming a topic of serious and solemn dis-
cussion. For two days it had been deliberated in the
State Convention; and as the members of that body had
nogatived tho proposition, the women of New York
would have to wait twenty years before they could obtain
this right. In regard to'the question what advantage it
would be to women to vote, she said it was necessary tor
her protectionto enable her to obtain employment on
juster terms; to give her a fair control of her property,
wn ether as wife or widow; and to enable her to obtain
equal rights in regard to the disposal of her children.
She cited a great number of State laws bearing upon
these points, and said that in all instances they pressed
most unjustly upon women. The lecturer went on to
comment on the injustice of the law which empowered
men to will away from their children the property ac-
quired by tho mutual labor and economy of the husband
and wife; a law which she 6&id existed in every State of
the Union but two. It was not, she asserted, by any
means a dead law, and in illustration gave several in-
stances in which, to her knowledge, it had been put into
operation. And not only was the control of her property
taken away from the married woman, but also the con-
trol of her children. The old barbarous law of England
in respect to the rights and status oi women was tho
law of nearly ovorv part of the Union to this day; a
law which gives her to her husband as a chattel, an-
nihilated her personality, and only preserves her tfco.
right of being maintained. The slave women in the
South understood the practical bearing of this slate of
things, and in consequence were averse to marriage.
They did not want to marry, they said, for then
the man could take tho egg, the chicken, and
the turkey when he please and sell them but,
when not married, then they had the egg, the
chicken, and the turkey, and can soil them and get
the money." So it was with tho white woman.
She had no legal existence; in the eye of the
law tho husband and wife were one, and-the bus-
band was that one. In one State the law was that
if the basband went out of the State, or was put into
the State prison, the wife could use their property, but
when the husband returned to the State, or got out of
the prison he resumed control over the property. She
(the lecturer) was glad to seo that everywhere women
were begiDning to recognize these facts, and that every-
where meu and women were joining together in the en-
deavor to secure the right of suffrago. Petitions to that
end were sent to the Legislature from almost every
State, and in every State were found good, earnest per-
sons of both sexes who advocated the measure. The
newspapers, too, were, many of them,' coming out in
favor of it, a thing unknown a short time ago. In Eansas
they had submitted three Constitutional qnestions to
the vote of the peoplo: First, whether the word white
should be omitted from the constitution; Second,
whether tho word male should be omitted from it,
and Third, whether the rebels should be allowed to vote,
and for the second of these propositions 9,000 votes wove
received out of 23,0C0 ; and, as Gov. Robinson, of Ean-
sas, said in a letter he wrote only the other day. when
the questions of negro suffrage and woman suffrage shall
be discussed on their merits both measur<* will carry.
But it was a cause of regret to see that neither political
party in the country was willing to base the new con-
stitutions on the will of the people. The Democrats said
this was a white mans government; the Republicans
said this was a mans government. It should be uni-
versal amnesty and universal suffrage, and thon the
questions which agitated the country would be settled
easily. But whon women said they wanted the privilege
of thovote they were asked, Would it not make dis-
cord at home ? Would not tho husband want to vote
one way and tho wife the other ? Those men who talked
thus seemed to think that if the wifo had the privilege
to vote it would lead to fisticuffs immediately, and in-
stead of trusting God that what he made true he would
make safe, they asked this miserable question. She (the
lecturer) liked to go down on election day and see her
superiors vote; it did one good sometimes to have ones
indignation warmed up. She saw on such occasions
that the politicians were very bland in tbeir manner.
They beamed with good nature and made friends with
every voter whose vote they wanted to secure. And if
this was the case when a vote w&s to be secured by them
from mou, how m^ph more would it be the oaee when
votes were to bo secured by men from women. There


3
ft* luvatutian.
would l>e peace and amiability in the houseat least at
election timed. (Laughter.) But seriously the objection
was not, as the audience knew, of any worth. On religious
questions it was found that husband and wife could
respect each others convictions and live peacefully,
though differing in opinion, and if this was the case in
so vital a matter as religion, would it not be so in politics
also ? Another class of objectors feared that if women
voted they would become demoralized and lose their
self respect. Yet it was considered that this same voting
would he a capital thing for the negroes ; that it would
educate them aud raise their standard of morals and in*
tellect. But just think, said the objectors, of women
going to the polls and mingling with drunken, 'vulgar
swearing men. They forget that these same men had
wives and sisters and daughters. If liTing with these
men all the time did not hurt these women, how could
half an hour at the polls do so ? But granting that there
was some force in the objection, why not have separate
polls for men and women ? But there was no force in
the objection. As Henry Ward Beecher said, "If any
man molested a woman at the polls, the crowd would
swallow him up as the whale swallowed Jonah." In
Kansas, the women were allowed to vote in school mat*
iers, and the men at such elections came nicely dressed,
and there was no profanity, no vulgarity, no drunken-
ness. It was objected again that even if women were
allowed to vote, they would vote as their husbands told
them. That could not be told till it was tried. But if it
would be so, why should men object to their voting?
They ought to be glad to get their vote and have so
much more political influence. It was said again that
women did not want to vote. Now, a great many of them
did waufc to vote, as they showed by their earnest endeav-
ors to get the right to do so, and why not not make it
so that those who wish to could ? But it was said
that if they voted they would next want to hold office.
There were so many more men wanting offices than there
were offices for them, that the claim was quite natural.
Women ought to hold office. There were surely women
in the United States' that would fill the Presidential
chair as well as Andy Johnson. It was objected once
more that women should not vote because they did not
fight. But how large was the list of men excepted from
the daty of fighting who yet claimed the right to vote.
And why should the man who perils his life in battle
have the right to vote, and' not the woman who perilled
her life when the soldier is born into the world? Mrs.
Stone proceeded to set up and knock down the arguments
against women sufir&ge in the same manner, and ended
in a lengthy address, with an appeal to the men of Brook-
lyn to give their influence to that oause, which she
recommended should be done by signing petitions in
favor of the principle of female suffrage as had been
done extensively in other parts. There was every
reason, she said, why men should vote, and why women
should vote with them. They should not suppose that
conferring the suffrage on the negro only would bring
prosperity to the nation. They must give their rights
also to the fifteen millions of women who were nowun-
ustly deprived of them. Do this and our future national
prosperity would be secured; but fail to do it and that
security was indefinitely postponed. The path of justice
was the only path of safety. The remaiks of the fair
lecturer were concluded amid applause.
GrantWhere He Stands.The party newspapers
are continually asking Gem Grant where he stands;
to which the General might very aptly reply to tire Radi-
cals or Democrats, Gentlemen, where do you stand?
JV. r. Herald.
In one respect the two parties are nearly alike.
The Democrats have no candidate. The Re-
publicans come so near that, as to remind one of
the man who did not believe in ministers, and
yet sent for one to bury Ms wife. I thought,
said the minister, you did not believe in hav-
ing anything at a funeral. True, replied
the other, and I called you in as the nearest to
that, possible. Both parties seem reduced to a
pitiful oiphanage. Artemus Ward would wail
over them as more babes in tbe woods. What
a burlesque when on the stormiest sea that ever
shook its terrors in the face of the poor mari-
ner, with the gloomiest night evidently impend-
ing too ever yet encountered by a nation, to call
one to the helm whose only virtue at best is that
they do not absolutely know his utter unfitness,
and to confess their fear that if they do not so
assign him, the other party will; and that other
party charged too all the while by the Republi-
cans, as deliberately conspiring with the yet un-
conquered rebels to complete the overthrow of
the government!
WOMAN SUFFRAGE A1 RAHWAY, N. J.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY AMONG THE SENATORSWHAT
THE POLITICIANS THINK OP WOMANA SPICY
SPEECH AT RAHWAY, NEW JERSEY.
Monday night George Francis Train and Su-
san B. Anthony were invited to address the peo-
ple at Rahway, New Jersey, by the Athenseum
society, on the Enfranchisement of Women. A
splendid audience greeted the reformers, and
Mr. Train spoke for two hours fer the glorious
cause. Miss Anthony having just returned from
Washington, where she had been introducing
her new journal, The Revolution, Mr. Train
interrupted her by asking about the capital.
The following sketch describes a scene that the
citizens of Rahway will not soon forget:
TrainWhom did you see at the Capital?
AnthonyEverybody.
TrainWhat did Everybody say to you ?
(Laughter.)
AnthonyThey said as Revolutions never go
backward, they would all subscribe for the new
organ of the age. (Applause, i
TrainDid you see Ben Wade?
AnthonyYes; he led the Senate subscrip-
tion; he is a royal old fellow. Go ahead, he
said; push on; noble cause, and must win event-
ually; we are too busy now to take it up, but it
has got to come; here is my name and two dol-
lars, and thank you too. (Applause.)
TrainWhat did Sumner say ?
AnthonyDid not see him ; you have to go to
his house; he never acknowledges cards sent in
to the Senate; but I saw Wilson. He was very
gruff; said that Mrs. Stanton and myself, dur-
the last two years, had done more to block re-
construction than all others in the land. But
he subscribed nevertheless, for he said, I
shall want to know what you say to us. (Ap-
plause.) Senator Pomeroy seemed sore about
the Kansas matter, though he is a good friend of
the cause of woman, and he subsciibed for The
Revolution and paid two dollars in gold, say-
ing, You see I have commenced specie pay-
ments.
Ex-Gov. Root, of Kansas, being present, said,
You did a good work in Kansas, Miss Anthony,
but you should not charge the Republican parly
with opposing womans suffrage. It was only
individual Republicans.
Miss AnthonyThe reverse of that is true.
It was only individuals who helped us. Your
State Central Committee declared themselves
neutral, and then sent out, as agents, all the
prominent anti-female suffrage men and not one
prominent advocate of the cause in the whole
state.
TrainWho else did you see ?
AnthonySenators Anthony, Howe, Hender-
son, Nye and Drake were very friendly, and Sen-
ator Fowler said we must go into Tennessee.
He would write to Nashville and Memphis at
once. Did not think they were educated up to
the question, but said womans voting was only a
question of time. The Republicans were bound
in honor to take up the measure as soon as they
could afford it. (Applause.)
TrainDid Senator Sprague subscribe ?
AnthonyNo; he dont believe in us. Said it
was as much as we could do now to manage the
women without the ballot (laughter), and with
it there would be no managing them at all.
TrainDid yoa see our Nebraska Senator ?
AnthonyYes; Senator Thayer dont believe
in womans suffrage; said we had killed the ne-
gro question in Kansas and hoped we would not
go into Nebraska; and refused to subscribe. I
can only say it was his loss. But Senator Tip-
ton is another style of man; he paid his money.
Said Revolution is a splendid name. You are
all right. The cause is glorious. He seemed
disappointed that Thayer did not subscribe.
Senator Grimes is with us. I remarked that
Theodore Tilton said Iowa will first give us wo-
man suffrage. Yes, replied the Senator, we shall
be close upon the heels of the first State if not
the first. Senators Conness, Patterson, and Sen-
ator Hendricks are too far behind the age to be-
lieve in it. California should be more advanced,
but I am not surprised at Indiana and Tennes-
see. (Laughter and applause.) Senator Chand-
ler said No to me with an emphasis. Michigan
is more wide awake than her Senator. He
seems to forget that his own State Convention
recently gave nineteen votes for women and
that that small balance of power mav, some day,
throw him out of the Senate. (Applause.)
The audience were much entertained by Miss
Anthonys prompt replies and Mr. Trains per-
sistent pumping to find out what the Congress-
men had to say. Miss Anthony had a long list
of the leading names of the countxy, all obtained
for The Revolution in two days, and said that
some of the Senators told her to come back after
the holidays and get the rest of them.
TrainHow about the House. Did you get
Colfax ?
AnthonyYes; he put down his name and
paid i is money like a man; (applause), but Ju-
lian was the first to sign; and he told me that
when he saw the name of Parker Pillsbmy in
the Prospectus as an Editor, he felt that we had
made a wise selection; for, of all the old abo-
litionists he considered him the most prophetic,
and at the same time one of the most able of
that eminent class of reformers. Elliot said if
we raise the wages of the school teachers we
shall lose all our daughters. It might be said
Mr. Elliots daughter has a thousand dollar po-
sition in the Normal school of St Louis (ap-
plause), where the principal, Miss Brocket, gets
two thqusand, the highest salary paid among
the one hundred thousand woman teacheis in
America who look to The Revolution as the or-
igan of womans enfranchisement. (Applause.)
Mr. Pile, of Missouri, was very friendly, so was
General Banks, who seemed to be a great friend
of yours, Mr. Train, and said the only trouble
with Mr. Train is he has too much brain, and the
politicians have to call him crazy to get rid of
him. (Loud laughter and applause.)
TrainIf I thought I was as sane as most of
our politicians who are ruining the country, I
would jump overboard, or follow Catos plan,
tall on my sword. (Lond laughter.)
AnthonyBaker of Elinois, and Lawrence of
Ohio, were both advocates. Lawrence at first
said we dont need The Revolution. Baker
said we do and asked Lawrence where there was
a paper that would speak for the cause of wo-
men without a sneer? Lawrence admitted that
it was so. The only argument men had was
sarcasm, or an insult. (Thats so.) The most
disagreeable man I met was Oakes Ames, who
said Train told Mm all about us and our paper
in Nev/ York. He dont believe in women vot-
ing, but I think they would make better Repre-
sentatives than himself. (Laughter.)
TrainDid you see Forney ?
AnthonyOh, yes, Forney said, Just the tMng
Revolutionsplendid name I just the thing


'.L
Z\u lUrohttiou.
subscribe for it ? Yes, and lie did it not as some
editors do, beg for a dead-beat! ticket. (Laugh-
ter. ) He said he would give an editorial notice
and recommend it to ail his friends. The editor
of the Republican was also up to time.
TrainDid you see the newspaper report-
ers. They are the important men of the time?
(Applause.)
AnthonyYes. Boynton, Young, Hinton,
Seville, Adams, and others, all had a kind word
for this new sister of the PressThe Revolu-
tion. (Applause.)
TrainWhen do you return to get the other
members ?
AnthonyAfter the holdidays, when you, Mr.
Train, and Mrs. Stanton are both invited to
speak before the Womans Suffrage Association
at Washington.
TrainDid Colfax give you the House of Re-
presentatives?
AnthonyI have not yet received his answer.
TrainHow about the Cabinet. Did you get
Seward ?
AnthonyNo, he was not at home, but Geo.
E. Baker, his private secretary, was very friendly
and subscribed at once. He is with us heart
and hand.
TrainDid you see McCulloch?
AnthonyYes, surrounded with all the lux-
ury of his three thousand millions for the rich
and nothing for the poor, as you say. (Sensa-
tion.) He said No, emphatically. He said
we were all wrong. The most disastrous thing
that could happen to woman was for her to
enter into politics. Woman was no equal of
man. Let her keep her place at home, and let
men attend to governing the nation. Man will
protect woman.
TrainAll the protection woman wants is
against some other man (laughter), and if men
dont govern better than McCulloch, the nation
must go to ruin. (Applause.) Wait till The
Revolution opens upon the incompetentminis-
ter, and unless he stops playing into Englands
hands to bring on a panic and throw our people
out of employment, he will be thrown out of
the cabinet in ninety days. iLoud applause.)
Seward might say sixty. (Laughter.) But who
else did you see ?
AnthonyGeneral Fremont, who subsciibed
at once. I knew the husband of Jesse Fremont
would stand by the noble cause of the emanci-
pation of her sex. i Applause. >
TrainDid you go to the White House ?
AnthonyOb, yes. I had forgotten my in-
terview with the President. I waited two hours
in the ante-room among the huge half bushel
measure spittoons, and terrible filth of the outer
chambers, where the smell of tobacco and whis-
key was powerful, and I could but mentally en-
quire if the ante-room of the Empress at the
Toillenes in Paris, or Queen Victoria, two women
rulers (applause), were as cordsecending to their
guests as to put up placards at the entrance of
Buckingham Palace and the TuiberiesGentle-
men, Please use the spittoons. (Laughter.)
Johnson stood at his desk. Said No, had a
thousand such applications every day; more
papers than he could read. I told him he was
mistaken. That he never had such an applica-
tion in his life. You recognize, I said, Mr.
Johnson, that Mrs. Stanton and myself, for two
years, have boldly told the Republican party
that they must give ballots to women as well as
negroes, and by means of The Revolution
we are bound to drive the party to logical con-
clusions, or break it into a thousand pieces as was
the old Whig party, unless we get our rights.
(Applause.) That brought him to his pocket
book, and he signed his name Andrew Johnson,
with a bold hand, ns muoh as to say, anything
to get rid of this woman and break the radical
party. (Loud applause and laughter.)
A VOICE FROM GEN. GRANT.
The New Haven Palladium publishes the fol-
lowing from a correspondent who, it says, is on
intimate terms with Gen. Grant, and who had a
free interview with him :
Speaking of the strictures of the New York
Tribune on his reticence, Gen. Grant said, if
there be in these complaints any assumptions
of fact which I may know to be erroneous, I do
not now and here controvert them. If there be
in them any inferences which I may believe to
be falsely drawn, I will not now and here argue
against them. If there be .perceptible in them
an impatient and dictatorial tone, I wave it in
deference to others who have a right to speak
and think as they may be prompted by a sense
of duty. As to my principles, I have not meant
to leave any one in doubt. I would save the
country. I would save it in the shortest way,
under the Constitution. If there be those who
would not save the country unless they could at
the same time save their own theories, I do not
agree with them. My wish is to save the coun-
try, and os soon as possible to restore all the
States to their j>roper relations as such, and
upon the principle of even-hanJed justice.
What I do in the premises, I do because I be-
lieve it helps to save the country ; and what I
forbear, I forbear because I do believe it helps
to save the country. I shall do lass, whenever
I believe that what I am doing hurts the cause.
I shall do more, whenever I shall believe that
doing more will help the cause. I have now
stated my own sense of personal and official
duty, and I intend no modification of my oft-
repeatad personal wish, that all men may be
permitted to think freely, and all, on suitable
occasions, speak out what they think, it by t*o
doing they can benefit mankind and help to save
the country.
The Palladium and other journals that rejoice
in the wisdom displayed in the above, may ad-
mire it even more when they trace it to its source
as in the following remarkable and not wholly
forgotten letter, dated,
Executive Mansion, )
Washington, August 22, 1862. j
Hon. Horace GreeleyDear Sir: I have
just read yours of the 19tb, addressed to myself,
through the New York Tribune. If there be in
it any statements or assumptions of fact which
I may know to be erroneous, I do not now and
here controvert them. If there be in it any in-
ferences which I may believe to be falsely
drawn, I do not now and here argue against
them. If there be perceptible in it an impatient
and dictatorial tone, I waive it in deference to
an old friend, whose heart I have always sup-
posed to be right.
As to the policy I seem to be pursuing,
as you say, I have not meant to leave any one in
doubt.
I would save the Union. I would save it in
the shortest way under the Constitution. The
sooner the National authority can be restored,
the nearer the Union will be the Union as it
was. If there be those who would not save the
Union unless they could at the same time save
slavery, I do not agree with them. If there be
those who would not save the Union unless they
could at the same time destroy slavery, I do not
agree evith them. My paramount object in this
struggle is to save the Union and is not either
to save or destroy slavery. If I could save the
Union without freeing any slave, I would do it;
and if I could do it by freeing all the slaves, I
would do it; and if I could do it by freeing
some and leaving others alone, I would also do
that. What I elo about slavery and the colored
race, I do because I believe it helps to save this
Union ; and what I forbear, I forbear because I
do not believe it would help to save the Union.
I shall do less whenever I shall believe wbat I
am doing hurts the cause ; and I shall do more
whenever 1 shall believe doing more will help
the cause. I shall try to correct errors when
shown to be errors; and I shall adopt new views
as fast as they shall appear to be true views. I
have here stated my purpose according to my
view of official duty, and I intend no modifica-
tion of my oft-expressed personal wish that all
men, everywhere, could be free.
Yours, A. Lincoln.
MILES O'REILLY CALLING THE EAGLES.
From the Dew York Citizen.
George Francis Train, one of the most bril-
liant and certainly one of the most eccentric
intellects of our time, is now running for Presi-
dent, on a track of his own laying down, at the
highest rate of speed ever attained by aDy poli-
tical locomotive. He has been already nomina-
ted in over one hundred mass-meetings for the
office to which he aspires, aud some of the issues
on which he has token his stand are of the most
decided character. He is for womans rights in
all their integrity, and by his eloquence on the
stump in the late Kansas elections caused seven
thousand votes to be cast in favor of admitting
women to the right of suffrage. The second
plank in his platform is total abstinence from
all intoxicating drinks, which at once enrolls
under his banner the countless and thoroughly-
disciplined Temperance Societies from Maine
to California. Lastlyat least, lastly of his
leading issuesMr. Train is warmly and power-
fully identified with the Irish cause, and has
made some of the most striking and epigram-
matic speeches ever uttered on that side of the
question. And who can have forgotten how
nobly Train battled in England for the cause
of our National government, during the earlier
and darker days of the late war? He then car-
ried the war into Africa and kept John Bull so
busily occupied in defending himself, that said
John had but little time or inclination for fur-
ther assaults upon Uncle Sam. Train is about
thirty-five or thirty-eight yoars of age, well built,
broad-shouldered, with swarthy and regular
features, an immense shock of iron-gray hair,
almost so curly as to suggest African blood;
emphatic but graceful gestures, a voice trained
in all tbe modulations of oratory, and a mobility
of expression in his face such as few profession-
al actors have attained. Add to this that he is
richone of the heaviest real estate proprietors
in Omaha, as also all along the main line of the
Pacific Railroad, and ono can form some rough
idea of what manner of man is Mr. George F.
Train. We hear that ho is about starting a new
weekly paper, to bo called The Revolution ,
which will be an organ for all our most advanced
ideasan organ of the Young American moun-
tain and we know this paper will have behind
it all the resources and influence of the Oredit


5

Fonder, Credit Mobilier, half of Wall street, and
the undivided support of the Pacific Railroad
Company. Long may George Francis wave!
He is an enemy to dullness and sworn foe to
respectable mediocrity. He may bo deemed
wanting in common sense, at times, by those
who only hear him talk ; but, judged under the
test of what he has accomplished and is accom-
plishing, where can we find an intellect of more
practical or capacious grasp? Call all your
councils together, George, and let your eagles
scream!
[While mating our acknowledgments to the Citizen for
its very friendly notice, we would remark that The Revo*
lutton is no official organ of any corporation oi? indi-
vidual. President Johnson was one of the first sub-
scribers, but it does uot represent his policy. So were
Senators and Representatives, yet it does not represent
the policy of Congress; and while it has on its list Pacific
Railway Chiefs and Directors, and Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier Shareholders, it is not their organ, nor
is it. Geo. Francis Trains paper, although we shall
always welcome him or Miles OReilly, or any other live
writer, as a contributor.]
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN CHALLENGES
WENDELL PHILLIES.
HE ACCEPTS AN INVITATION TO SPEAK AGAINA
CONFIDENTIAL TALK WITH^JAMES GORDEN BEN-
NETTSOME PERSONAL REMINDERS.
138& Madison Aye., New York City, )
December, 1867. |
Jas. Gordon Bennett, Esq., Editor of Herald:
Train who is the chief engineer of this womans
rights campaign, all the way from Kansas, ought to give
us4 another blast at Steinway Hall.Editor Herald, Edi-
torial.
All light; give me the same chance the news-
papers have Dickens, and I will take off the
English (as he has and will again the Ameri-
cans), draw larger audiences, entertain them
better, and give them more for their money.
SubjeotFifth avenue Toadying to England,
American Citizens in English JailsEducated
Suffrage for Women as well as MenDown with
Gold and up with Greenbacks. Something like
this on Walker and McCulloch.
A very poor writer aud verg weak talker,
Is treasury bond-holder, Robert J. Walker,
Whose gold-paying letter in behalf of the rich,
Leaves the poor man, as usual, in bankruptcys ditch,
Let McCulloch, Sam Hooper, Jay Cooke and Bob,
Divide their commissions with Lanier and Rob,
To sell out the people iu this new foreign loan,
Wi ile the rich men laugh and the poor men groan 1
Greenbacks are good for our butchers and farmers,
While nothing but gold suits our dear ALabamas,
A National Debt that was made by inflation,
By inflation can only be paid by the Nation ;
And Shylocks grand swindle is nipped in the bud,
we pay him thejlesh and refuse him the blood.
Besides I will show how it is that foreign
bankers rule New York and Congresswhy
Johnson and McCulloch are in English hands,
and why the New York Herald is the only inde-
pendent journal in Americawhen it thinks it will
pay. Give us fair play as you do the yachtmen,
the pedestrians, the prize fighters and Charles
Dickens, and while Mrs. Stanton and Mrs. An-
thony explain Womans Rights, I will show up
Womans Wrongs.
ARE NOT OTJR WOMEN EMPRESSES ?
The first nine thousand votes ever cast in the
world for woman, ought not to have been ignored
by the New York press. Manton gives four
columns on a dog fight, Henry J., the famous
two-horse political rider, five columns on a
prize ring, and Horace, six columns on a pedes-
trian or a horse race, or in Toadying to Dickens,
while the Herald is the only journal that has had
a friendly word for woman, and that was sar-
castic. Put the argument in a nutshell.
Three thousand million dollars and one million
lives have gone to emancipate four million of
blacks. Are eighteen millions of white women
and girls not worthy of a kind notice in the
New York press? To-day, by mans laws, wo-
man is a junior partner in the distinguished
disfranchised firm of Miners, Pauper?, Lunatics
and Idiots. Once they had negroes for com-
panions. But now the negroes vote, woman is
left with the other partners 1 Are not our wives,
our daughters, our sisters, our mothers as capa-
ble of voting as 700,000 ignorant plantation
negroes, or even the Empress and Queens who
have always governed Europe ? When man
swears at a strong minded woman he insinuates
that his wife and mother are weak minded
women.
CHALLENGING THE MUTUAL ADMIRATION SOCIETY.
Phillips, Greeley, Beecher, Curtis and Tilton
got Studwell of the Equal Rights Association to
come out ignoring Mrs. Stanton, Susan B. An-
thony and myself. We happen to be plaintiff
in this case, and as these gentlemen are polished
debaters, perhaps they will enter the debating
arena before a New York audience, and explain
why, after twenty years of devotion to the cause
of women, they left her the moment the actual
battle commenced in Kansas, considering ab-
sence of body better than presence of mind;
Greeley saving his life by putting his breast-
plate on behind. Not having had a university
education and somewhat practised in debate, I
propose to take the field against the five gentle-
men challenged, commencing with Phillips,
who can then explain whether it was not a
breach of trust to sink so much of the $50,000
fundof my old friend Hovey in the Anti-Slavery
Standard, that has been twenty years getting
up a 2,220 list of subscribers!
NOW A WORD WITH YOU, HR. BENNETT.
Twenty years ago, we met when I came to
New York to sell Grinnoll, Minturn & Co. the
Flying Cloud, clipper. I was then a chief of
the old house of Enoch Train & Co., having
commenced with Donald MKay with the Joshua
Bates, four hundred ton clipper, owned in part
by Barings, Goodhue & Co., and graduated with
the Great Republic, 4,000 tons, sold to A. A.
Low & Co. Then you thought me a good
business man. Throwing up my fifteen thous-
and a year, I saw you again just as I was em-
barking for Australia in May, 1853, where in
fourteen months I made one hundred and
twenty thousand dollars, and had consigned to
my house one hundred thousand tons of ship-
ping.
YOUNG AMERICA CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE
HERALD.
Then 1 travelled, and the Herald of 1856
haB over forty columns of my correspondence
under Young America, which you recom-
mended my publishing in a book, and Young
America Abroad to-day is in all the circulating
libraries of England. Once more I saw you
after having, all through 1856-7, written, you
from abroad,, foreshadowing the financial re-
vulsion of 57. I arrived in October of that
year, in time to see 1,400 banks fail as I had
predicted. You reviewed my Young America
in "Wall street, published by Freeman Hunt, and
called me a prophet.
THE ATLANTIC AND GREAT WESTERN RAILROAD.
That fall (in November) I saw you again, and
asked you to help me join the Erie and the Ohio
and Mississippi Railroads by the Broad Guage
Atlantic and Great Western. You declined to
be interested in a moneyed way, saying that the
Herald!8 business was advertisements and the
sale of the paper. That five hundred miles -was
built aud James McHenry and Sir Morton Peto
paid me, when they sailed in the Scotia, ninety-
eight thousand dollars for my commissions.
You had column on column on Peto and Mc-
Henry, but not a word on Trainsave a sneer.
Once more my speeches adorned the columns of
the Herald.
PATRIOTISM IN ENGLAND STRONGER THAN THE
STREET RAILWAYS.
I wrote you showing up the whole block-
ading business before the ships had got away,
and was driven out of England and my rail-
roads lipped up because I would not sell my
love of country for an English secesh mess of
potash. Peterson made ten thousand dollars
out of the sale of my Union speeches That
was the time on dii Geo. Peabody, Thurlow
Weed and Charles Francis Adams joined hands
on the Seward, Mason and Slidell dispatches,
to sell out our country on the London Stock
Exchange, an unexposed swindle.
THE GREAT PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Again, in September, 1863, I called upon you
with the subscription paper of the Union Pa-
cific Railroad, $1,600,000 out of the $2,000,000
having been subscribed. As we shall be happy
to take you out in a Pullman Palace Car three
hundred miles west of Wyandotte and Leaven-
worth, on the Kansas Pacific, or 540 miles west
of Omaha, on the Nebraska U. P. Railroad. (We
pay you handsomely for advertising it.) You see
I have also carried that point. Success is good
evidence of success.
THE CREDIT MOBILIER ORGANIZED.
In 18641 called upon you again with my Credit
Mobilier project; again you turned away. The
capital now is $10,000,000, and owns the Pacific
Contract and the stock sells at over 200having
declared 50 to 100 per cent, dividends each year.
Yet you put in an article to destroy the enter-
prise.
THE CREDIT FONCIER ORGANIZED.
Then the Credit Foncier came up, of which I
am president, having among my special co-part-
ners the richest men of the nation ; that too was
talked down editorialy in the Herald. So much
for what an old friend will do for a fellow. The
same with Omaha.
FIVE THOUSAND LOTS IN OMAHA.
I own five thousand lots. therewhere the
bridge will crossten blocks from my property,
the lots are selling for six thousand dollars each.
I mention these points to show you, Mr. Bennett,
that I am not one of these one-horse lecturers
from Harvard University, who pocket, like
Gough and Beecher, the quarters of the people,
under what they call a Christian mission, and
also to prove to you for once, you have been
mistaken in your man. The proceeds of all my
lectures are given awayI paying my own ex-
penses. The other lecturers are disgusted be-
cause I am injuring the tradehence the ac-
tion of the Equal Rights Committee.
GREAT IRISH MEETING IN BOSTON.
Last Wednesday night, at the Tremont Tem-
ple, Boston, I spoke to the Irish for the benefit
of Mrs. Warren and her four little children, who
are starving in Charlestown, while Captain War-
ren, who fought for us four years under Thomas
Francis Meagher, is dying in an English jail, and
Chas, Francis Adams is dining with the English
ministers, and Mr. Seward is toadying to Lord
Stanley about the Alabama claims. The house
was packed with a paid audience (see Boston
Pilot report), while the same night the Faneuil


6
f&&# §*v0luti0.
Hall Grant meeting, free, with all Boston at its
back, was a fizzle. As you seldom like to admit
yourself in the wrong, the Herald will, most likely,
be too crowded to find room for this, so I send
it to the new organ of the age, The Revolu-
tion. Sincerely,
Geo. Francis Train.
A VOICE FROM WALL STREET.
The following is the last of a seiiesof remark-
able letters addressed to Thaddens Steyens, Sen-
ator Dixon and Secretary Chase, by one of the
best practical merchant bankers, and one of the
wealthiest men of New York. The writer is too
well known among the old millionaires of New
York, to ask on attentive perusal of his views.
The letters speak for themselves, as coming
from one of the few practical financiers who,
from the first, grasped the condition of our
national finances. The other letters will be re-
produced in successive numbers of The Revo-
lution.
New Yobs, November 27th, 1867.
Sib : I see by the public prints that yru purpose
mating a move in relation to the public debt and the
corrency, which induces me to lay before you my views
in relation to both, the which, if useful to you, will bo
the objeot I have at heart.
If you will let your secretary collect the assessed value
of the property oi the United States, you will have a
basis to act upon. Let the value be $1,000,000,000, more
or less, bearing in mind that every article in the nation
requires a certain representation, in currency, in the
amount of from one to ten or more per cent, to move it,
without which there must be stagnation in the business
and value of the wealth of the nation,-as nothing can
move without a certain amount of its value in circulating
medium. Stocks require at least teu per cent.; real
estate, fifteen to twenty per cent.other articles more
or less. You wifi see by this plan that the currency
should exceed any amount which our financiers name as
falling short of the sum required to represent the pro-
perty of the nation, and keep the finances in safe work-
ing order. Every move of any article, let it be what it
may, requires currency to move it. The banks and the
money-lenders object to an expansion, as short currency
enhances their gains and rate of interest.
I think 1,500,000,000 or 2,000,0c0,000 of legal tender
greenbacks will not be an over-estimate required for the
business of the nation ; the balance of the national
debt should be paid in legal tender bonds, bearing inter-
est, in sums of from $100 to $10,000the small bonds
for the people, the Urge bonds for investments, for truat
funds held by the coarts or funds for minors, or gifts to
Bingle womenit will be the safest and least expensive
way, and, at four per cent, per annum, will, I think, all be
absorbed in a few years by the American people, without
foreign aid. The possession of the now outstanding
bonds I propose to acquire by purchase in the open
market, and at the current market price ; the premium
will be cheaper to the people even at 30 per cent., as for
once only, whereas, now it costs us a much higher pre-
mium annually for all that we consume.
These greenbacks should be made payable in forty
years in the legal currency of the United States, and the
interest on the bonds payable in the some at the office of
the United States Treasury, in each ol the cities in which
the government may appoint an agency.
The import duties should be paid in greenbacks, in a
sliding scale, in proportion to the purchase of the out-
standing gold bondsthe outstanding bonds bearing
interest in the United States currency can remain as
they arethe object is to do away with the gold bonds
only and bring about the much-desired wish of the
countryone currency for the people and the govern
meatand reduce the value of all the material for build'
ing and manufacturing purposes, as the present rates
pnpede the progress of the country.
Respectfully, your most ob't.,
* * 35 Wall Street.
Henry Warp Beecher, in demanding univer-
sal suffrage and universal amnesty from Maine
to Louisiana, has touched the key-note of recon-
struction. In his far reaching wisdom he told
abolitionists two years ago, ask the whole loaf
and you will get half; bait your hook with a
woman and you may get a negro. But aboli*
tionists fell back to the Republican ranks, and
the late elections rise up in judgment against
them.
DAYLIGHT AT LAST.
American industry, American manufactures,
American ideas begin to be graft facts. The
sun is shining. The great Irish constituency
is being educated to the true way of gaining
their victory over England. What is party
where a nations prosperity is at stake. The
Iron Age does well to copy the Chicago Irish Re-
public. The article is worthy of The Revolu-
Tion, and we set it whirling along the line of
our first Ten Thousand Subscribers, compris-
ing Cabinet, Senate, Congress, the American
manufacturers, and the Wail street bankers
and brokers. In a city where the Times and
Tribune are sapping the foundations of the na-
tion, we hail, with pleasure, the advanced
thought of the Irish Republic.
From John Williams Irou Age.
We take the following extract from a tren-
chant article which appeared in a late number
of the Chicago Irish Republic, on the subject of
Irish support of Free Trade with England.
Coming from an Irish journal, aud whose true
loyalty to the cause of Irish independence is so
well established, we hope the words of faithful
counsel herein contained will he heeded by the
thousands of Irish workingmen who have been
so long and so strangely misled as to their true
interests in regard to this matter of Protection
to American Industry against the competition
of Great Britain:
'We have already spoken of the Republican party.
We have admitted, without hesitation, that they are far
from immaculate. Here and there & black sheep is only
too conspicuously evident in the centre, if not some-
times at the head, of the flock. The Judas appears
among the twelve, and carries the bag of his bribery
with an unabashed countenance. There are some such
disgraceful instances. These are your Radical (?) advo-
cates of your Free Trade with England. But, after all,
they are little more than exceptions to the general rule.
The leading journals and most prominent poliliciant of the
great Republican party of America are true, heart and
soul, to the protection of their countrys industry. They
are resolved that not England, but America, shall be the
world's vast manufactory; that they will keep the wealth
of their country to enrich thoir own citizens, not to ag-
grandise the bloody, bloated aristocracies of Europe; that
they will preserve for their own workingmen such wages
as will enable them to live and rear tbeir lamilies in
comfort and Intelligence, as human beings ought, in-
stead of sending it across the sea to bo squandered by
spendthrift lords and squires in the gambling hells of
London and Paris. They are resolved that honpt and
industrious men in America shall be protected, and not left
the naked victims of an Infernal system which has fed
and clothed and lodged their brothers in England and
Ireland worsetenfold worsethan the horses and dogs
of English aristocrats. Thi< is the simple, practical
meaning of Protection to American Industry. This is
the creed, the principle and the practice of that very
Radical party, which hundreds of thousands of Irishmen
would no more think of voting for, or supporting, than
they would think of selling their souls to the author of
evil himself. That is, in plain words, they go enthusiasti-
cally against the interests of their own country, of their own
wives and children, of thoir own wages, of the very bread
they oat, and the raiment wherewith they are clothed.
They go, right, and most enthusiastically in support of
the wealth and power of England, of that country whoso
lulors have robbed them of everything but life; that
have made them beggars and slaves in the laud of thoir
birth ; that have hunted millions of them into exile and
the grave; and pursue them with their scorn and vongo-
ance to the ends of the earth. We again ask, and de-
mand an answer, was over infatuation so complete as
this? Were e/or Ignorant blindness and unreasoning
obstinacy so unpardonably besotted as they are here t
We are sorry to say that we ean find no excellent ex-
ception to break the force of the condemnation which,
in. connection with the vital question, we are obliged to
pass on the entire Democratic party. Free trade with
England lies at the very foundation of the great Conser-
vative structure. This is a cardinal doctrine of their
peouliar political creed. Nor is there & single Democratic
journal, from New York to San Francisco, which does
not teach, from week to week, and from day to day, this
destructive and disgraceful prinoiple. And if there is
any truth, which we greatly doubt, in the boosted re-
action which has been so much spoken of, and if there
Is any rational chance of the Democratic party once more
assuming the ride of this great Republic, then one
thing may bo looked forward to as an absolute certainty,
and that is Free Trade with England. This will have a
few effects which is worth the while of l ishmeii to pon-
der seriously, before by tbeir votes and influence they
bring it to pass. One will be to reduce the wages of tho
workingmen one-half, so that thoso who And it difficult
at present to live in New York or Chicago on two dollars
a day, will have the pleasure of accomplishing the same
task, under the new English-Free Trade-Democratic re-
gime, with one. It-will strengthen England, by pouring
into her coffers the wealth of America, so thal her reign
of robbery and blood, instead of coming to a close, will,
Jike the eagle, renew its age for another century or two,
or perhaps for anotho: seven hundred years as Ireland
has seen and felt. And on that unhappy country its
effect will necessarily be to rivet its chains, to increase
and perpetuate its huuger and rags and wretchodress,
and, probably, to enable its eternal enemy, England, to
root the last Celt from Irish soil, and thus to extinguish
the race and the faith of tbe old land together. We do
not onvy the Irishman who holps to accomplish such an
object as this, nor would we like to inherit the harrowing
reflection which must gnaw his soul like the undying
worm, that the infamous deed was performed by his own
hands."
GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN
BEFORE TEE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION AT
ALBANY.
Nothing is more marked than the persistent
ignoring of every item favorable to the cause of
Womans Suffrage by the New York press. The
Kansas campaign, the most remarkable in the
histoiy of the world, from the fact that the first
nine thousand votes ever cast for the emanci-
pation of woman were thrown there, was hardly
noticed by the journals of this city. The mis-
erable trimming on-the-fence-will-it-be-popnlar
policy of our journals is destitute of all inde-
pendent thinking. Although we may not agree
with many things that may appeal* in The Revo-
lution, we believe in fair play and giving every-
body achance. While over one hundredcolumns
of reports of the great meetings held by Mrs.
Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Geo. Francis
Train in the great cities of the country, dur-
ing the last thirty days, have been laid before
their readers by the enterprising newspapers of
Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, Cleve-
land, Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, the anti-
women, old fogy cities of Albany, Boston and
New York have generally dismissed the subject
with a few lines of ridicule.
The western journals have the manhood to
report the speeches, whether they agree with
them or notwhile the sea-shore papers axe too
busy in getting up long reports of the last dog
bait, prize fight, or pedestrian wager, or in ex-
tensive quotations from the English press, giv-
ing good advice how America should be gov-
erned.
The Constitutional Convention at Albany has
not had many variations from its customary
slate of topics, but it is a noteworthy fact that
no New York paper mentioned that Geo. Francis
Train addressed the convention for two hours
on the subject of woman voting and the finan-
cial policy of the nation. Mr. Train having


fjUvaluUtfti
7
been the only advocate to volunteer his services
in Kansas and before the Convention, it is
worthy of note, when the only argument ad?
vanced by our chivalrous press is a sneer, a sar-
casm, or an insult, that Mr. Trains defence of
women voting was received by the Convention
by loud and repeated applause. The -following
was the resolution'passed unanimously offering
the hall:
State of New Yobs, )
In Constitutional Convention, >
Albany, December 4,1867. )
On motion of Mb. Ballard :
Resolved, That the uve of the Assembly Chamber be
granted to Geo. Francis Train, Esq., at 4 p.m., this day.
By order,
Luther Caldwell, Secretary.
"When it comes to pass that Mr. Trains finan-
cial views, as expressed in his of last March \t0 be reprinted in next weeks
paper), become the policy of the country, news-
papers may possibly be more enterprising, and
the associated press be more inclined to give
actual news than the favored articles of a few
politicians in the ring.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN WISCONSIN.
The women of Wisconsin have decided to
take the word male from their constitution.
Prom the report of a recent convention held in
Janesville, we find the leading men and women
have formed a State Impartial Suffrage organi-
zation, and are resolved to make all their citizens
equal before the law. Able addresses were made
by the Rev. S. Farrington, Rev.. Sumner. Ellis,
and a stirring appeal adopted to the people of
the State, signed by Hon. J. T. Dow, G. B.
flickox, Mrs. J. H. Stillman, Joseph Baker and
Mrs. F. Harris Reed.
Female Suffrage in Boston.The Banner
of Light reports Music Hall well filled on Mon-
day evening, December 9 th, to listen to remarks
from George Francis Train, Mrs. Elizabeth
Cady Stanton and Miss Susan B. Anthony, on
Female Suffrage. Mr. Train was very severe
on politicians of all parties. He announced
himself as an independent candidate for presi-
dential honors. .In the course of his three
speeches he told many plain truths, and made
a good argument in favor of the right of suffrage
for women.
Mrs. Stanton is a fine looking, dignified, in-
telligent lady, well advanced in years, and a
good speaker. She gave a brief account of their
recent labors in Kansas, where the cause of fe-
male suffrage received nine thousand voces,
which she considered a great triumph for
hereafter, she said, no party can succeed#in that
State without affiliation with the new element
which has arisen in their midst, thus securing
the success of the woman question in a very
short time.
Miss Anthony is a pleasant and fluent speak-
er. Both ladies made strong and convincing
arguments in favor of the right of female suf-
frage.
A Hydropathic Institute near Central
PareA thousand drug shopsten thousand
Allopathsfive thousand Homoeopathsa score
of medical colleges but no Hydropathic Institute
in a city numbering a million of souls! Yes,
Kuczkowski, the Presneitz of America, and Dr.
North, so long a time with Schefferdecker, are
making cures at their establishment, 44 Bond st.,
where Mr. Train packs and plunges his friends.
But what we need is a splendid Institute, and we
are glad to learn that several wealthy Hydro-
paths intend erecting such a building.
THE OFFICIAL VOTE OF KANSAS.
9,070 tor womens suffrage.
Just as we go to press, we receive from the
editor of the Leavenworth Commercial, the offi-
cial vote of Kansas. The vote for womans suf-
frage is larger than the most sanguine of us had
hoped, being 9,070 for, and 19,857 against it.
The black man, with all the machinery of the
Republican party in his favor, runs only 436
votes ahead of the women! Hurrah for Kan-
sas The following is a statement of the official
vote on the various propositions to amend the
Constitution of Kansas, as canvassed by the
State Board of Canvassers, December 16th, A.D.
1867:
a o 3 e> £ H
CQ gi§ If
S3 a tog
o ti %% triking word It IS
CQ 03 tt
i i Fh O w UJ fl a to < 3 *£ so 1 bo < For. | Against.
Allen 324 266 243 303 454 D3
Anderson 258 259 218 275 395- 133
Atchinson 412 1.161 345 1,235 736 884
Bourbon 55U 725 464 736 1,350 33
Brown 265 346 248 341 34* 222
Butler 83 70 28 76 32 64
Chase 120 128 118 125 164 83
Clay 47 5 3 39 58 78 32
Crawford 5u 199 45 150 150 4X
Cheroaee 2U0 186 249 239 254 no
Coffey Cloud* 219 434 299 359 272 364
Davis 188 383 167 364 281 304
Dickenson 89 95 34 140 151 44
Doniphan...... 888 1,425 858 1,390 576 1,126
Douglas Ellis* Ellsworth* 1,017 1,147 652 1.4SA 1,484 635
Franklin 280 539 120 709 652 175
Greenwood 133 198 99 198 234 56
Jackson 173 445 162 387 301 310
Jefferson 392 1,159 335 1,188 649 894
Johnson. 400 852 325 866 655 438
Labette 115 213 95 217 207 134
Leavenworth... . 890 2,703 1,588 1,775 1,135 ,289
Linn 340 798 253 791 737 178
Lyon 503 273 209 565 701 92
A-arion 13 58 16 59 16 56
Marshall 107 421 160 41' 304 229
Miami 486 865 243 970 850 413
Morris 48 212 , 66 203 71 190
Nemaha 231 421 227 427 396 178
Neosho 151 322 101 367 236 180
Osage 2 Ottawa 44 27 34 82 57 15
Pottawattomie.. 226 456 155 501 352 336
Riley 351 277 218 378 329 267
Shawnee 494 670 439 731 900 234
Saline 162 219 112 233 252 123
Wabaunsee 149 108 114 152 230 28
Washington 39 lls 19 143 93 78
Wilson 86 138 43 17(' 132 81
Woodson 149 88 141 94 187 56
Wyandotte 159 826 168 798 235 779
Total 10,843 19,421 9,070 19,857 16,860 12,165
* No returns.
We, the undersigned State Board of Canvassers, do
hereby certify that the above is a true statement of the
votes cast at the general election held on the 5th day of
November, A.D., 1867, for the various propositions to
amend the Constitution of the State, as appears from the
certified abstracts on file in the office oi Secretary of
State, and do determine and declare that the two pro-
positions for striking out the words White and Male from
the Constitution of the State were defeated, and that the
proposition submitted by the Legislature of the State of
Kansas at its last session to amend Sec. 2, Article 5, of
the Constitution of the State, was adopted.
8. J. Cbawfobd, Gov.,
R. A. Barker, Secy of State.
J. R. Swallow, Auditor of State.
M. Anderson, Treasurer of State,
Geo. A. Hoyt, Attorney-General.
Topeka, Kansas, Dec. 16,1867.
Colored Jurors.A special correspondent of
the New York Tnbune, dating from St. Augus-
tine, Florida, Dec. 17, writes: The United
Statss District and Circuit Courts for Northern
Florida, Judge Fraser presiding, adjourned to-
day. Seventeen colored men and six whites
were drawn on the Grand Jury. Although
drawn promiscuously from the registered voters
of three counties, fourteen out of the seventeen
colored men could read, and six could both read
and write. Judge Fraser complimented the
Grand Jury as the most attentive, intelligent,
and industrious body of persons which had been
assembled in many years. The foreman re-
ported that he had sat npon no jury distinguish-
ed for better order and decorum in the jury
room, or who better realized the responsibility
of their duties.
COLORADO AND WALL STREET
Train is waking up "Wall Street to the import-
ance of backing Colorado in her railroad enter-
prises. 'When the railroad is under way, and
the greenback age is a fact, hurrah for our gold
mines again. See what the New York Worlds
financial article, says December 8 :
The prospect of a railroad being completed to Den-
ver during next summer Is encouraging to all connected
with the mining interests of Colorado, as both roads to
the Pacific coast are bidding for the mining business.
Last year, twenty-throe merchants in Denver paid
$1,204,141 for transportation of 12,173,251 lbs. of freight,
and it is estimated that other merchants paid oat
$1,000,0(0, and Central and Georgetown about $2,010,-
009, making a total of about $4,200,000,-a sum sufficient
to ruin the prospects of any region of our country.
The Union Pacific Railroad from Cheyenne, only 110
miles from Denver, is pushing for it; and also John D.
Porry, of the Eastern Division, a distance of 30c miles, is
determined to connect his road with it. The question
whether the terminus of the road shall be at Pine Bluffs,
forty miles east of Cheyenne, is not yet definitely settled.
The completion of these roads will revolutionize the gold
and silver mining interests, mid is likely again to revive
the gold mining furore of 1864, only on a sound and
profitable basis, which it lacked then."
Thats sa We can turn out one hundred
millions as well as twenty every year. We want
more currencymore money. Legal tenders
will do for money ; and we will sell our gold as
we would our com, as merchandise.
George Francis Trains speeches are telling
on Congress. Already ^McCulloch has stopped
contraction. About time, when sixty thousand
laborers are out of work in New York.Rocky
Mountain News, December 21.
The murder of a mulatto family at Perdido
Station, Alabama, was perpetrated by a party of
four drunken men armed with shot guns, who
charged the family with stealing. The assas-
sins first butchered the mulatto Moms, then his
wife, then his mother, aged 80, and lastly a
sleeping babe. They finished by firing the
house, but after their departure the flames were
extinguished by a young girl who had concealed
herself Four men have been arrested on sus-
picion, but murders are of so common occur-
rence there, as that criminal courts would have
to be in perpetual session to try the cases; and
so, for the most part, they are economically ne-
glected,
A recent issue of the New York World says :
The largest commission ever charged on any rail-
road transaction, is in process of settlement. The
claim so far is about $500,0> 0, and when the road is com-
pleted it will be about $1,500,COO. A bill passed in Con-
gress yesterday is said to be closely connected with this
claim.** Who charged the commission, and what road
is it?Boston Commercial Bulletin.
The Lawrence Tribune says that the shops of
the Union Pacific Railroad, now building at that
place, will far surpass, in magnitude and com-
pleteness, anything of the kind which have yet
been built west of the Missouri


8
fUvaltttitftt.
Clf ttcpolntion.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) trf{#ni,a
PARKER PIIiLSBURY, } Ji-ciltor*.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YOKE, JANUARY 8, 1868.
%
SALUTATORY.
A new paper is the promise of a new thought;
of something better or different, at least, from
what has gone before.
With the highest idea of the dignify and
power of the press, this journal is to represent-
no party, sect, or organization, but individual
opinion; editors and correspondents alike, all
writing, from their own stand point, and over
their own names. The enfranchisement of wo-
man is one of the leading ideas that calls this
journal into existence. Seeing, in its realiza-
tion, the many necessary changes in our modes
of life, we think The Revolution a fitting
name for a paper that will advocate so radical a
reform as this involves in our political, religious
and social world.
With both man and woman in the editorial
department, we shall not have masculine and
feminine ideas alone, but united thought on all
questions of national and individual interest.
But we do not promise the millennium in
journalism, from this experiment, or in politics
from the enfranchisement of woman, only a
new, and, we hope, a better phase of existence,
which, to those who are tired of the old grooves
in which the world has run so long, is some-
thing to be welcomed in the future. With the
moral chaos that surrounds us on every side,
the corruption in the State, the dissensions in
the church, the jealousies in the home, what
thinking mind does not feel that we need some-
thing new and revolutionary in every depart-
ment of life. Determined to do our part in
pushing on the car of progress .we begin with
the new year, a new life work, hoping the world
will be the better for the birth of The Revo-
lution.
THE PRESSRETROSPECTIVE.
Philosophees tell us the Circle is the symbol
of all nature and all art. Mr. Emerson says the
eye is the first circle ; the horizon it describes
the second. And throughout nature this pri-
mary figure is ever repeated ; the highest em-
blem in the cypher of the world.
In the old Hieroglyphs, the circle represented
Eternity. An ancient saint and sage described
the Infinite Omnipresence as a circle whose cen-
tre was everywhere, and whose circumference
was nowhere.
Action too is circular; and around every great
and good deed, a greater and better maybe
drawn. Children are puzzled to know how
four living sheep can be folded in five pens at
the same time. They draw the four with a
sheep in each and there stop, till the boy or girl
in the secret, draws a large pen enclosing in it
the other four, and solves the mystery.
Outside our little Solar System sweeps another
as a next wave in the illimitable sea of space,
andbeyondthat a second, bearing the same pro-
portion, it maybe, to the first, that our sun and
its suite of attendant planets do to the eye-ball
of the astronomer who beholds and describes
them. And thus outward and onward through
space as measureless as duration is endless.
And should not also the same law measure
human thought? We laugh at the story of the
miller who denied that the earth was round
and revolving, because that, he said, would spill
his mill pond like water from an overturned
bowl; and yet why laugh ? Sceptics to the
divinity of human nature, have ever declared
and with too much reason, that human history
but repeats itself. That the moral and spirit-
ual world completes its regular revolutions, and
only comes back to the same point at last.
That the tide of human thought and progres-
sion has its impassable high water mark; and
like the rolling sea, is flood on one side only at
the expense of ebb on the other. The Lost
Arts lecture by Wendell Phillips is a sad if
not satirical comment on the present, tuid half
explains the secret of his wondrous prophetic
gift.
It is said that no man can quite emancipate
himself from his age and surroundings; that
the politics, usages, education and *ven religion
of his times must have some share in his work.
But the tendency of our time is wholly toward
the past. Our artists are great only as they
best imitate the old models. An evangel that
should promise resurrection of all the ancient
statues, and summon them to a judgment day,
would, to our schools of art, outweigh in impor-
tance the whole theological dogma of resur-
rection of the body,' aDd future rewards and
punishments besides. The sparrow, forty cen-
turies ago, builded as well in the cedars of
Lebanon, and in the pediments of the temple
on Mount Zion, as in the groves and gardens
of to day. So the Acropolis and Parthenon
mock all the architecture of the boasting nine-
teenth century. As the best saint is he who
best imitates the Nazarene model of eighteen
hundred years ago, so our best poet must be
made to believe, that could he but touch the
hem of Homers garment, he would thenceforth
glow with inspirations unknown to him before.
Our politics and religion too, do but revolve
in circles, tending ever inward hitherto, as into
maelstroms and the bottomless pit. And yet
what are these but the sublime sciences which
treat of the conditions of the.human race, here
and hereafter? A painter of the Panorama of
the Mississippi river said he was surprised
one bright evening, when drifting down
the stream, at the similarity of the houses
he passed ; and the more, as in every one, there
seemed to be exactly tho same dancing, music
and merrymaking. At length he discovered
that he had floated into a whirlpool, not un-
known there, and was only sweeping round and
round by the same house. Much like this, is
the intellectual and spiritual navigation of na-
tions and governments, churches md religions.
Persecution chased the Pilgrims and Puritans
from one hemisphere to become themselves
fitly persecutors in the other. Our revolution-
ary sires unyoked themselves from one tyranny
only to begin another themselves, a thousand
tund3 more rigorous than that out of which they
fled. Even in Boston, the same newspapers
that first glowed with the Declaration of Inde-
pendence, grinned also with advertisements for
the sale of one slave, and the recapture of
another who had run away, with generous re-
ward offered. Even President George Washing-
ton hunted a slave mother from the Potomac to
the Piscataqua, instructing Lis emissaries to
hound her back to her whipping-post unless it
should seem to wake the public odium.
To prolong such a slavery and union with its
tyrants we have waged the bloodiest war of all
the ages. In the name of a Republican, Demo-
cratic and Christian Constitution, and a Union
with slaveholders, we have offered more human
victims than have bled on all tbe heathen altars
of the world in a thousand years! And though
the terrible system has gone down in the fiery
storm, at least in name, every hour is revealing
more and more how nearly our whole nation-
ality was involved in the fall, and how far we
yet are from the end of the conflict. And
with a Newspaper Press in the country num-
bering six or seven thousand, the most ter-
rible truths do not get told. The people are
stumbling in more than the storied darkness of
Egypt, if not al6o hastening to all its plagues.
In the hope of aiding to rescue our beloved
country from still impending dangers, and to
bring a peace based on Justice and Equality,
and a prosperity that shall gild all our moun-
tains and valleys, our plains and prairies with
grandeur and glory unknown before among the
nations, we to day unfurl our banner to a waiting
and expectant world. p. p.
The Revolution.The name speaks its pur-
pose. It is to revolutionize. It is Radicalism
practical, not theoretical. It is to effect changes
through abolitions, reconstructions and resto-
rations. It is to realize ancient visions, answer
long uttered prayers and fulfil old prophecies.
Former things are passing away. Old Faiths,
Philosophies and Philanthropies are to be
extended, and new principles discovered
and applied to human enfranchisement
New America is discovered. The inarch of em-
pire in literature, science, commerce and all
material interests, is onward as never before.
But there is more than these. Justice, truth,
virtue, must be our new foundations. More
than slavery is to be abolished. More than suf-
frage is to be given to man and to woman.
Curlyle said when Louis XV. died, more
died than a king. The kingship had also given
up the ghost. So in the new life, it is man and
manliness, woman and all womanly virtues aDd
exaltations that are to be sought. Citizen here-
after is to mean more than a creature who is in
the market with his ballot and birthright on
election morning, seeking for bidders. A nation
of such citizens might number millions of mil-
lions, but its numerical grandeur would be its
disgrace. What should be its glory would be
only its shame. Such are ever the dupes of the
demagogue, to subserve his base designs, to the
subversion of all honor, integrity and stability
in government. An intelligent suffrage based
on man and woman alike, will soon arrest tbe
reckless cueer of many wbo in the name of
democracy, republicanism and patriotism are
rushing the dismombored fragments of our na-
tionality on to a still deeper ruin.
Oub PbospectThis is the first edition of
Ten Thousand, of the first number of The Rev-
olution ; sent to all the leading minds of the
nation, including, among its subscribers, in
Congress, Senators B. F. Wade, Sumner, Wil-
son, Nye, Fowler; and Repesentativee Colfax,


9

Julian, Banks, and others; also the President
of the United States. Bead this and see if it
be not worth your effort to extend it everywhere.
REVOLUTION.
u Revolution," says Goldwin Smith, is a public evil.
The secret of wise statesmanship is the art of securing
calm and regular progress in its place. The energy
which revolutions call forth is paid for by the lassitude
and political infidelity' which follow them. The great
spirits of the English revolution were succeeded by the
corrupt and licentious men who rose into power under
Charles II. The moral elements in the French revolu-
tion were lost in the chicanery of Napoleon and Talley-
rand. But the prime movers of revulution are not the
fanatics of progress, but the blind and intemperate op-
posers of progress, men who strive to recall the irrevo-
cable past, with no sense of inevitable future, who chafe
to fury, by damming up its course, tbe stream that
would otherwise flow on tranquilly within its banks."
The true statesman is the true reformer ; he
who brings himself into line with the immuta-
ble law of change recognizes the necessary
steps of progress and thus secures individual
and national growth rather than vice and revo-
lution. Men speak of revolutions as moral pow-
ers, that lift nations to higher planes of action,
forgetting that war and disorder are not in har-
mony with fixed law, but the result of some ir-
regularity or violation of the natural order of
events. Revolutions are disease, sores on the
body politic, that warn us of corruption at the
heart of the nation; not creative but depletive
forces. Small pox and fevers are renovators
for the diseased, but the true physician teaches
the laws of life and so purifies the physical man
that contagion has nothing on which to feed.
So the statesman, seeing that progress is the
law of life, substitutes education for repression,
science for superstition, and thus exalts man-
hood and government.
Our Fathers left England for an idea: the
equality of all men; proclaimed it on these west-
ern shores, fought to secure it, but in haste for
peace and union forgot the idea for which they
fought. Under a century of crime and corrup-
tion they buried it deep down, but fresh from
the resurrection of another revolution, the same
tough problem of individual rights stands
face to face with us to-day.
Another lesson, added to the many in the long
past, to show that man is above laws and consti-
tutions; that the corner-stone of a nation is jus-
ticethe rights of its humblest citizens. The
moral effect of our last revolution is already
nearly lost in the confused councils and vacillat-
ing action of our leaders, in the lethargy and
political infidelity that ever follow war and vio-
lence. Even our reformers seem to have lost
their prophetic vision, and in their demands for
a partial idea, have sacrificed a fundamental
principle. Flushed with conquest, wild with
speculation, reckless in expenditure; principle,
justice, mercy, all the sweet amenities of life,
are sacrificed to party triumph, to material con-
siderations. Instead of keeping up the grand
debate on the rights of citizens in a re-
public, which is the basis of sound recon-
struction, our leaders talk of negro suffrage,
impeachment, protection, finance, and
the presidency, all of light consideration
compared with the broader question, what con-
stitutes a citizen ? and on what principle are ed-
ucated, wealthy, patriotic citizens taxed without
representation, governed without their consent ?
The demoralization of our best minds to-day is
but another proof that no good fruits are to be
gathered from revolutions. How close is the
analogy in the moral and physical world. When
by a sudden storm the tree is rudely stripped of
its foliage, nature, shocked at the violence, puts
forth hardier leaves that cling far into the win-
ter, but thus taxed there comes no blossoms in
the spring, no fruit in the harvest.
But as the tree without violence sheds its
leaves only in the new growth, puts forth its
flowers, and fruits, in their season, so might na-
tions with wise rulers, leave the dead letters of
the past and in calm, regular steps of progress
secure the health and happiness of the people
and their own life and immortality. e. c. s.
THE PRESSPR 0SPE0T1VE
A few years sines Mr. Buckle startled the
world with some comparisons on the relative
importance of moral and intellectual culture
in the development and elevation of human na-
ture. He declared truly that there was nothing
in the world that has undergone so little change
as the great moral dogmas of which religious
and philanthropic institutions are composed.
And though they have been known for thou-
sands of years, not one jot or tittle has been ad-
ded to them by all the sermons, homilies and
text-books which moralists and theologians
have been able to produce. Sir James Macin-
tosh, certainly one of the clearest and yet pro-
foundest philosophers of the last two centuries,
denies the possibility of their advance, and bold-
ly insists that morality admits of no discover-
ies. It is stationary, and must ever remain so.
In the latter opinion both these eminent writers
agree; and the world has seemed to presume,
that not only can there be no new discoveries in
the science of morals, but that their rules and
laws admit of no new applications. Macintosh
further says that more than three thousand
years have elapsed since the composition of the
Pentateuch, and then challenges any man to
show in what important respect the rule of life
has been varied since that period. The Insti-
tutes of Menu lead to the same conclusion, and
the doctrines of Confucius, Pythagoras, or Zo-
roaster will not change it. And so slavery and
war, capital punishment, intemperance, infant-
icide, and the degradation of woman, may con-
tinue throughout all generations. If in forty
centuries not one of these evils has been arrest-
ed and banished from the world, when will
their end be ? The triumphs of Judaism and
Christianity have been as powerless against
them as the so-called false religions that abound
in every age. No day, no civilized nation ever
witnessed more drunkenness than ours; none
surely such diabolical determination to continue
the curse, despite all laws, human and divine.
Sinai and Calvary, Moses, Messiah and the
American Congress cannot quench the volcanic
fires of our legiou of distilleries. Slavery we
only abolished as a Military Necessity, to
save ourselves, not*the slaves. It was to con-
quer the rebels. And to conciliate them, we
have by Constitutional Amendment again placed
them back almost as completely in their power
as before, by making possible their perpetual
disfranchisement.
And now we are laboring to rebuild our na-
tional ruins. To all appearance, however, we
are getting worse and worse. A year ago last
autumn, Congress appealed to the people to de-
cide the contest between it and the President as
to policies of reconstruction. Immediately the
thunder of Radical Republican victories shook
the continent from ocean to ocean. But to how
little result, is told in the present confusions in
the national councils. No wonder at the re-
verses in so many recent state elections! No
wonder that the best men of all classes and
parties are alarmed 1 No wonder that the Presi-
dent laughs at impeachment, and hurls new de-
fiance at a Congress whose cowardice, grown
chronic, and named or misnamed conservatism,,
is almost worn as ornament, like the goitre of
the poor Tyrolese.
And now the one sole cause of the present
calamity can be told in a word. The nation will
not do justice. It will not even apply the ac-
knowledged rules of morality, to say nothing of
discovering newer and sublime codes, supposed
impossible by all the philosophers and moralists
of the past. We canilot restore the Union, be-
cause there never was a Union ; a terrible truth
yet to be known. Slavery bound and held the
states together as in the folds of a serpent, for
purposes of trade, and for plunder of unpaid,
unpitied slaves whom the South owned, but the
North held; aud together they divided the
spoil, until Infinite Patience could bear it no
longer. That was our Union.
Suffrage is now to bo grudgingly given to the
negro, as was freedom, if given at all. And as
to womanno matter how rich, refined, and
patriotic, how obedient to the government, and
prompt in its support in peace and warthe re-
proach of inferiority must cleave to her, it is
religiously believed, in all her generations.
Two thousand years ago it was said and is still
believed: the abuses and corruptions which in
time destroy a government, are sown in the very
seeds of it, and both grow together; and as
rust eats away iron and as worms devour wood,
and both are a sort of plagues bom and bred
with the substance they destroy, so with every
form and scheme of government that man can
invent, some vice or corruption creeps in with
the very institution, which grows up along with
and at last destroys it.
And late in the nineteenth century this is the
belief of the most enlightened nations. The
press and the pulpit, as well as the education
and commerce, are shrouded^ in this general
darkness. If, as has been so long held, these
views cure just and true, the advent of The
Revolution to-day is vain. But in the confi-
dent belief that there are new and sublimer
rules of morality to be discovered, and new and
greatly enlarged applications of the old, which
shall add immensely to the stock both of indi-
vidual and national growth, prosperity and hap-
piness, we commend it to the favorable con-
sideration of the public. p. p.
ARE WE A SLA VEBOLDING NATION?
The thirty-fourth national anti-slavery sub-
scription anniversary to be held in Boston on
the 22d of January, 1868.
Reading the above, signed by forty of the
noblest women in the land, we felt more than
ever the degradation of our sex. With black
men already at the ballot-box, exercising the
right of suffrage, in constitutional conventions,
framing the fundamental laws of States, in
courts of justice, pleading at the bar, and sit-
ting in the jury-box, in the Legislature of Mas-
sachusetts, making statutes for the daughters of
the Pilgrims, clients everywhere of the great
Republican partywhile woman is denied the
rights of citizenship, taxed without representa-
tion, crowded out of the world of work,
driven to prostitution or starvation, ranked in
the constitutions of all the States- with idiots,
lunatics, criminals and paupersher demands
ignored by radical politicians and reformers


10

denied even the sacred right of petition, insult-
ed in the Senate of the United States by Mass-
achusetts proudest sondoes not a proper sell-
respect demand that to-day we remember our-
selves and the nations need of the moral power
of woman in her political councils?
An anti-slavery organization, with an anti-
slavery paper, after slavery is abolished through-
out the nation, is an anomaly. And for the
forty noble women who have labored thirty-four
years to lift the black man to their own level,
there is a broader work to-day than to exalt him
above their own heads. What would be thought
of Horace Greeley, Wendell Phillips, and Ger-
rit Smith, if, disfranchised and degraded as wo-
men are, they should hold anti-slavery festi-
vals to give black men what they were denied
themselves? or if they willingly yielded to the
most ignorant strata of manhood the right to
legislate on all their interests at the polls ?
E. C. S.
REIGN OF TERROR
*The first cry against the Abolitionists when
inaugurating their movement against slavery in
1830, was, you will re-enact the horrors of St.
UomiDgo. The answer to that was, it was
not abolition that produced the bloody scenes
enacted there, but an atte .pt to reinstate sla-
very; Slavery was abolished in this country
without one drop of blood shed by its victims
through any insubordination whatever. In ev-
ery place where the Freedmen had the least
encouragement to labor and to educate their
children and improve their condition generally,
they surprised even their enemies as well as de-
lighted their friends by their improvement.
But their wrongs are not yet redressed. The
word justice has not yet been spoken in their
behalf. Of their former masters, of course no-
thing could reasonably be expected. Deprived
of the earnings of their unpaid victims, on which
they and their families have subsisted so long,
they have more than enough to do to provide
for themselves. Still less can the Democracy,
the long-proved allies of the slaveholders be
expected to do more or other than hinder the
course of humanity, whenever or wherever it
shall extend a kindly hand. The Freedmens
Bureau has effected something, but might have
done vastly more had it not been basely perver-
ted to purposes almost as wicked as slavery it-
self by the party in power. And now has indeed
commenced a reign of terror, which if not
speedily arrested will reproduce St. Domingo
in every State and-city of the South. Starva-
tion stares almost everybody there fully in
the face. The woes of the whites have begun.
The woes of the slaves are tot past. Left to
themselves, and all well armed, general destruc-
tion must ensue. It is complimentary to hu-
man nature that the blacks have been as patient
as they have so long as they have, under all the
grievances they have suffered. To diBarm the
entire South would not prevent the torch of
the incendiary, nor the midnight assa3sin.
Ships crews have been starved into eating one
another. Even Scripture tells of more than one
mother boiling and eating her babe.- I nagina-
tion sickens at the prospect in the South. The
suns of the next spring may shine on graves and
ruins that will shade the page of history with
gloom unknown before. If Nero fiddled while
Rome burned, his horrible cruelty and heart-
lessness are nearly paralleled by our own poli-
ticians, who, in their reckless determination to
keep themselves in power, are sacrificing not
only the negro race at the South, but so far as
they have the power, all the best and truest
interests of the nation.
The following is one of a multitude of testi-
monies to the justness and importance of these
suggestions and words of warning. It is from
a Tribune correspondent in Mississippi, dated:
Madison Station, December 17, 1867.
Tell us how times are with you, Down this way
money is very tight. Dullness reigns at New Orleans.
Cotton is on the decline. The British have us lou! on
cotton. They have built up their own cotton fields and
ruined ours.
They are no longer dependent on us for that staple
and will never be again. They are smart; but what
fools we, to be so hoodwinked by them. People through
this region are broke generally.
The negroes are stealing cattle, sheep, hogs, and1
killing them to get something to eat. The planters are
all broke, and the negroes oan find no employment.
When turned off, their rations stop, and, having nothing
to buy provisions with, they take to stealing.
But os that cant last, the negroes break from the
plantations to the towns and cities. Thousands of them
ore without adequate shelter from the weather, and dont
know whore there next meal will come from.
In the towns and cities they huddle together like
pigs, where, of course, morals and shame are unknown.
It is estimated that in this district from 8(>,OOC to 60,001
will perish from hunger, exposure, and destitution this
winter.
And next year, what of it? Tax or no tax, there will
be little cotton raised. It will no longer pay to raise cot-
ton. I doubt if even a bounty of two and-a-half cents a
pound, instead of a tax of that amount, would stimulate
production.
It is too late. The goose that laid the golden egg
has been strangled by British cunning, and the day of
American cotton is past, never to return.
Man; white families have left this State for Illinois
and other *North-western States, where there are no ne-
groes to steal all that the farm produces. Other families
will follow.
WASHINGTON.
The following correspondence grew out of
Miss Anthonys application for.the House of
Representatives, for a meeting on Womans
Suffrage, just after Rev. Newman Hall was re-
fused the privilege:
U. S. House of Representatives, Washing- \
ton, D. C., December 19th, 18t>7. J
Miss Anthont: Tour letter is just received, ana I see by
it jou are not aware of the rule adopted by the XXXIXth
Congress and still in force. So frequent were the appli.
cations for the use of the Representative Hall, and so
difficult to say No to any one when others were
granted the privilege, the House unanimously adopted
the following rule:
The Hall of the House shall not be used for any other
purpose than the legitimate business of the House ; nor
shall the Speaker entertain any proposition to use it for
any other purpose, or for the suspension of this rule.
This does not exclude preaching on the Sabbath, but
in regard to all week day meetings it has been inflexibly
observed since its adoption, and you will see tbat I am
prohibited from entertaining a motion to suspend it.
Respectfully yours,
Schuyleb Colfax.
New Yobk, December 24th, 1867.
Hon. Schuyleb ColfaxDear Sir : I am glad to see,
by jour note, tbat the rule adopted by the XXXIXth
Congress does not prevent our using he Hall of Repre-
sentatives on Sunday evening. ^iU you please secure it
to us for January 12th, or, if that is engaged, name the
earliest Sunday evening it can be at our service' for
George Francis Tram to speak on, Woman, as the one
great power now neededto promote the causes of
Temperance, Morals and Religion, and Mrs. E. Cady
Stanton on the Bible Position of Woman.
I can understand why you refused Mr. Newman Hall
the House, as there are lew Americans who would have
had the assurance to ask for the British House of Com-
mons. Yours, respectfully,
Susan B. Anthony*
Fifty-Two Revolutions will make a splen-
did volume. As all the papers are cut and
stitched, all you have to do is to read them and
lay them aside to bind at the end of the year.
The Revolution will be an important book of
reference.
A NEW PARTY.
We are told in well-informed quarters, tbat a
portion of the Republicans contemplate a new
organization at the next presidential election.
They entered the party solely to carry out their
ideas respecting slavery. This having been
accomplished, and the work of reconstruction
being on the eve of consummation, they expect
nothing more from the party, and are unwilling
to remain with it merely to aid its leaders in
obtaining the spoils of office. They propose
to take a fresh start, a new point of departure,
throwing off the worn out ideas and policies of
the past, and striking out fop tlie great future.
We are further informed that the names men-
tioned for their candidates are such as Senator
Wade, or Gen. Butler, or Gen. Logan, for the
presidency, with Frederick Douglass for the
vice-presidency. It is contemplated that Mr.
Douglass shall stump the South, and the lead-
ers in the movement believe they can carry the
entire negro vote, while at the North they ex-
pect to break up existing parties and secure to
themselves an important share of the debris of
all. Such a party will stand too good a chance
to win to be treated with contempt even at its
outset.
Halt Disarm the South, Black and White
AlikeStarvation makes men mad. There is
fierce hatred in the minds of men. The South
impoverished, is frenzied. Men black and white
use fire arms. Poor Dick Busteed is shot, and
negro minstrels with white faces and black
hearts, and black faces and white hearts, kill
each other in front of the Fifth Avenue. Chief-
Justice Slough, of New Mexico, has just been
assassinated. The government should at once
disarm the South, black and white alike, as a
Gaudaloupe massacre is in the Southern air.
Mr. J. G. Holland, the American Tupper,
who ha3 written and spoken more nonsenso
on the subject of woman for the last ten
years than he can atone for should he talk
wisely the rest. of his life, is now deliver-
ering a lecture through the country to prove
that the ballot would degrade woman and dis-
turb the family relation. With sixteen hundred
divorce cases in one year in Massachusetts, we
should think the family relation was already
somewhat disturbed even at the Hub, and while
woman in tbat state has no right to tho joint
earnings of the marriage copartnership, and is
ranked in the constitution with idiots, lunatics,
minors, paupers and criminals, she is already
as degraded politically as she well can be.
Mr. Speaker Colfax writes to a friend, You
need not fear that Congress will take any baok-
ward steps in reconstruction.
Bunyans Pilgrim comforted himself that,
He tbat U down, need fear no fail.
Mb. Sumner asks, Are we a Nation? He
seems to think that all we need to make us a
nation, is a black boy, in the Federal family-
forgetting that a mother is of some importance.
Is not educated womankind a more rational
basis of reconstruction than ignorant manhood?
A Christmas Pbesent.The editor of the
New York Independent announced last week that
he should hang up his stocking on Christmas
ove, and look for a gift. On Christmas morn-
ing he reported with thanks to his estimable
wife, a new jewel added to the family casket.



11
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOB SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Gash for
American Bills. The Credit Foncier and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strengths
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedmans Bureau for the
Blades, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ? - -
TUG REVOLUTION
NO. I.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
a peoples revolution.
4 4 The people never revolt from fickleness, or
the mere desire of change. It is the impatience
of suffering which alone has this effect. We
x commend this maxim of one of the greatest of
French statesmen to our representatives at
Washington. Sixty thousand people out of
employment in New York and two hundred
thousand in all the United States!a million
mouths short of food in a country which was
groaning with abundance until the collapse of
the rebellion! These attest the paralyzed con-
dition of the capital and enterprise of the most
active, enterprising, money-making nation on
the face of the globe. The peoples suffering
means Revolution.
THE PEOPLES SUFFERINGS.
Our money-making machines are idle. Our
shipping is swept from the face of every Ocean,
and our manufacturers are working short time
at a ruinous loss. The Southern States are sat-
urated with abject poverty and misery, and our
cotton growers are raked between the extermin-
ating fire of foreign competition and that con-
gressional monstrosity of ignorance, the cotton
tax. Legitimate trade is languishing, and un-
der the vascillating and ruinous policy of sec-
retary McCulloch, it is the sure road to ruin,
while the most safe and profitable business
in the country is speculation and gambling.
Whence, then, this blight over a people that used
to boast of the freedom and plenty they enjoyed
above all other peoples ?
THE CURSE OF MI3G07EBNMENT.
The curse of misgovernmenta government
of claim agentsis fastened upon ns. Ignor-
ance and incapacity, extravagance and cor-
ruption, a shameless licentiousness, and
the emboldened rapacity of the horse-leech
which cries for ever, 4 4 give, give, are bub-
bling up and boiling over in every official circle
of the peoples servants, commencing with Wash-
ington and extending to every corner of the
land.
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION OF 1789.
The same causes which produced the French
revolution which broke out in 1789, and culmi-
nated in 1815, to break out afresh with Charles
Xth, Louis Phillipe the citizen King, and is now
smouldering under the imperial regime of a Bona-
parte, ore at the present moment working and
seething among the masses of the people in the
United States. The American people are be-
ginning to feel the first twitches of the iron grip
of want and to suffer from the evils of a blighted
industry, while at the same moment they are
exasperated by the oppression of privileged
classes rioting in ill-gotten wealth, wrung from
their hard toil by unjust laws. This is no fancy
sketch, but the living picture of the people of
the United States at this moment. A sfave is
44 a man whose bodily toil and the fruits of it
are the property of another.
are we not slaves ?
Is not our bodily toil and the friiits of it
the property of another ? Is not every surplus
dollar of our earnings, beyond that which keeps
soul and body together, mortgaged in advance
to pay the iniquitous swindling of a corrupt
revenue system ?
WHO ARE THE THIEVES ?
Cotton claim agents and their legal represen-
tatives at Washington, honorable Congressmen
and accomplished patriotic Senators ; the Sew-
ard-Thurlow Weed gang, and their organized
swindling business with the Japanese Govern-
ment steamers; their land purchase swindles of
Alaska, St. Thomas, Lower California and any
other spot on the face of the globe that their
genius can devise as an excuse for handling the
peoples money; the Stanton-Thurlow Weed
War Department contract thieves; the Fox-
Navy Department contract thieves; the Freed-
mens Bureau thieves; the Indian Bureau
Thieves ; the Collectors of Customs, with their
organized ring of swindlers for black-mailing
the merchants ; the Collectors of Internal Rev-
enue, with their organized gang of thieves
robbing the people right and left; the whisky
ring; the tobacco ring; and tbe thousand
and one other rings stealing from the peo-
ples earnings everywhere, in every hole and
comer of the land, from the New York city
ring, with its twenty millions per annum tax
swindle, to the petty larceny of the small
towns; the railway and steamship corporate
body swindlers; from the gigantic stock-jobbery
of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, the
Consolidated Express Companies, the Western
Union Telegraph Company, the gold-speculat-
ing-associate press cable-telegram swindlers,
down to the picayune stealing of the mining
and petroleum stock-jobbers. These are a lew
of the thieves that live in luxury by stealing
from the peoples earnings, to whom our
bodily toil and the fruits of it are mortgaged.
WHO ARE THE SLAVEHOLDERS ?
The Chase-McCulloch-National Bank men,
who absorb the profits of the mercantile com-
munity into their exhorbitant dividends of 20
to 30 per cent, per annum. The government
bondhold'ers who control legislation at Wash-
ington, and for whom the people have to work
and make about $200,000,000 per annum to sup-
port them in luxury and idleness. These slave-
holders number about four hundred thousand,
and they own the bodily toil and the fruits
thereof, of the forty millions of American peo-
ple outside of the privileged aristocratic classes
of National Bank men and bondholders.
YOU ARE THE FREEST PEOPLE ON THE FACE OF THR
EARTH !
Are we? We are indeed free to raise the best
cotton and largest crop in t-W world. We have
the soil from heaven and the labor from man, but
where are the greenbacks to do all this?
We are indeed free to raise $500,000,000 a year
in a gold and silver crop; we have the mining re-
gions from heaven and the labor from man, but
where are the greenbacks to do all this?
We have the most active, energetic and enter-
prising shipbuilders, mechanics, farmers, manu-
facturers, business men and women, and capi-
talists on the face of the globe, all eager, pant-
ing and able to make moneymore money,
than any other nation can makebut where are
the greenbacks to do all this? We are the
freest people on the face of the earth, with
plenty of greenbacks, but without them we are
well, we are just what the Chase-McCullocb
British system of finance, specie payment and
greenback-contraction policy have made us
for the last two yearsthe slaves of the slave-
holding national bank men and bondholders.
The cry of the people is, Down with the
Ohase-McCulloch, British High-Art Swindling
Form of Slavery.
WHAT IS FREEDOM?
More greenbacks, to raise more cotton, more
gold, more silver, more corn, more wheat, more
cattle, more of everything that humanity needs,
to do more business at better profits, to build
more railroads and ships, to annihilate more of
the harriers of time and space, to democratize
the wealth and luxuries of the privileged aristo-
cratic classes by making greenbacks plentiful,
and thus democratizing money which is the sym-
bol and the key to the highest civilization and happi-
ness of which humanity is capable. This is freedom.
It is the bitter sarcasm of aristocratic Great
Britain, to tell a man that he is free to live in
a palace and to become rich when the tools -to
do all thismoney and creditare monopolized
by the few of a privileged class. Shylocks, who
gerrymander the money market at will, making
it tight or easy, which means low or high prices
to suit the Shylocks of the money bags.
PLENTY OF MONEY IS PLENTY OF GOOD.
Money democratized, or plenty of money
in a nation, means plenty of everything that is
good, both for the body and soul of humanity.
More greenbacks means more of Amerioan
progress, more Pacific Railroads and a pouring
in of Chinese and European emigrants into the
plateaus and mining regions of the Rooky
Mountainsthe destined paradise of the hu-
man race. More greenbacks are wanted to
move the vast tide of emigrants from China and
Europe into the gold and silver mining regions
of the Rocky Mountains, which, with their la-
bor, will produce thousands of millions which
will pay and handle our whole national debt in
gold and silver as a mere trifle. But we must
have more greenbacks to do thisto make the gold
dollar of 1890 worth only fifty cents of the gold
dollar of 1868. Without labor and without green-
backs this vast mine of wealth, placed in our
hands by destiny, is not worth a biscuit to the
American people. Have we a statesman who
can grasp practically this vast idea of American
progress ?
THE PEOPLE FACE TO FACE WITH THE POLITICIANS.
We, the people, tell you our servants at Wash-
ington that this matter has gone far enough.
You have emancipated four millions of human
beings in the Slave States. This is well. But
why now enslave forty millions in the Free
States? It is time that you, our servants at
Washington, and we the people, meet face to face
in order to come {o a right understanding as to
o*r relative position and dutyto settle the
question whether you own forty millions of peo-


12
|Uvj0htti0tt.
pie or they own you. Since the rebellion ended
yon have acted as if yon owned them. You
Vexe sent to Washington as the voice of the
people. Vox populi, vox dei has become, in
your keeping, the scoff and the scorn of the age.
You have made our legislative halls the arena
for disgraceful squabbling, for personal axe-
grinding and plundering the people, without
one redeeming feature for two years.
THE POLITICIANS CREATE REVOLUTION,
Your mis-governmenta government of claim
agentshas brought us t;> that impatience of
suffering, which the French statesman, Sully,
described as the forerunner of a peoples revo-
lution. If yon are wise you will listen and take
warning. We mean at once to have a revolu-
tionary change. We mean no longer to have our
capital lying idle, waiting upon the bull and
bear stock jobbing reports and letters of a gold
gambling, stock-jobbing tool of European bond-
holders, called Secretar ; of the Treasury. We
will no longer have our energies cramped by
oppressive laws. We call upon you, our ser-
vants at Washington, to co-operate with us by
prompt, just and wise legislation in starting and
giving force to that rich tide of prosperity which
is waiting to well up and overflow the land.
WHAT THE PEOPLE WANTGREENBACKS.
In order to do this we want more money, more
greenbacks, to give confidence and facilities to
commerce, agriculture, and cotton-growing in
the Southern States. We want Secretary Mc-
Culloch and his British policy of specie payment
and greenback contraction reversed.
BRITISH HIGH ART SWINDLING TO BE STOPPED.
We want the High Ait Swindling of the na-
tional banking system put a stop to. We want
the $300,000,000 of national bank notes which
cost the people over $20,000,000 per annum
changed into $300,000,000 of greenbacks, which
cost only the paper and printing. We want a
stop put to the High Art Swindling of the
internal revenue system, with its horde of cor-
rupt officials that oppress and rob the people.
REFORM IN THE REVENUE SYSTEM.
We want a thorough change and reform in our
revenue system. We want a stop put to the
frauds of the whiskey_ring which rob the peo-
ple of two hundred millions a year, and the to-
bacco ring, which steals fifty millions a year,
making a total which would pay the whole na-
tional debt in about six years.
TAXES DIRECT ON PROPERTY AND LABOR FREE.
We want an intelligent revenue system which
shall be levied directly on property and luxu-
ries, and not on the labor manufacturing and
producing interests of the countryour money-
making machines must work free of taxation,
COTTON TO BE EMANCIPATED,
We want the cotton tax taken off so that our
cotton growers may have a fair chance to com-
pete with the world, and regain our old supre-
macy iu the markets of the world.
ECONOMY IN GOVEBNMENT EXPENDITURES.
We want the expenses of government reduced
from six hundred millions a year to at least one-
third of that sum.
THE HANDWRITING ON THE WALL.
The High Art Swindling, which your
Washington legislation has created and fostered
must be changed, or we shall sweep you out of
your seats in Congress, which shall know you
no more. The Bevolution has begun in ear-
eat, and if. you are blind enough not to see the
tide of events which is rolling with the mighty
force of destiny, to make this nation the great-
est, freest, most prosperous and most happy on
the face of the globe, then your mission is
ended, and the sooner you retire into obscurity
the better it will be lor yourselves. A suffering
and a swindled people is a dangerous power to
play with.
THE FUTURE BRIGHT WITH PROSPERITY.
The country is entering upon an era of unex-
ampled prosperity and national progress for
which greenbacks are the tools provided by our
destiny.
THE CRY FOR GREENBACKSTHE VOIOE OF DESTINY.
The people, acting under a high instinct, are
wiser than their rulers when they demand more
greenbacks. Civilization increases as money
increases. Since the discovery of gold in Cali-
fornia and Australia, sixteen hundred millions
of dollars in gold and silver have been added to
the money of the world, of which elevenhundred
millions have gone to China never to return.
As the stock of money enlarge*, so also does
the area of human progress and invention.
THE DARKNESS OF THE MIDDDLE AGES COEXISTENT
WITH SOAR CITY OF MONEY.
In the middle ages a few money-lenders held
the purse-strings of Europe. Monarchs and
noblemen could not move 'from their homes
without the assistance of these men. War and
peace were in their hands. The people were
born, lived and diod, helots and serfs, because
money was scarce. They were helpless to move,
for they had no cash to flee from their oppres-
sorsthe feudal lords. When they had money
they freed themselves by becoming the free citi-
zens of the free towns of Europe. Cash gave
them their freedom.
MONEY THE GREA T DEMOCRAT AND CIVILIZER.
Money is the great emancipator and civilizer;
democratizing society and placing within the
reach of the millions those rich advantages of
education and luxury which were confined to
the few when money was scarce. For ten cents
the poor seamstress can command, any day in
Broadway, a finer carriage than Cinderellas
fairy.
THE BRUTE FORM AND HIGH ART SWINDLING
SLAVERY SYSTEMS.
The rebellion liberated four millions of col-
ored people from the brute form of slavery, by
which the Southern slaveholder worked them as
ho did cattle. But the brute form of slavery is
not one whit more iniquitous than the High
Art Swindling form of slavery under which the
nations of Europe are groaning from the gran-
ny of national funded debt and exhausting taxa-
tion and the Bank of England system of people-
robbery.
OUR FINANCE AND FUNDED SYSTEMS A BAD COPY OF
BRITISH SLAVERY.
The man who lives under a system of national
funded debt and a national banking system like
our own, which is a bad copy of the Bank of
England, is one whose labor is mortgaged and
the property of another ; is one who is more,
of a helot and serf than any European; is one
who is manacled by a slavery only' a degree
better than that of the colored people bofore
the rebellion,
THE CHASE-m'cULLOOH GANG OUR OPPRESSORS.
The Secretary McCulloch-Salmon P. Chase
specie payment-greenback-confcraction-policy, is
riveting this High Art Swindling form of slavery
on the people of what are called, with somewhat
of irony, the free States. Mr. McCiillochs
policy is making slaves of forty millions by
giving their bodily toil and the fruits of it to
about four hundred thousand National bank
m
men and bondholders here and in Europe. The
swindle of McCullochs specie payment notion
is making the people work to make forty per
cent, profit in gold for bondholders and Nation-
al bank men. Mr. McCullochs-Salmon P.
Chase-policy of greenback contraction has cost
the country since he has been in office, in the
space of two years, more money than the whole
National debt, from the enormous losses in the
paralization of our capital, enterprise and pro-
gress, and the enormous shrinkage of values,
spirited into the air for nobodys gain.
DOWN WITH THE CHASE-MCULLOOH GANG.
The first step towards individual and Nation-
al improvement is to get rid of McCulloch and
his British policy of finance. The people, and
every friend of civilization, cry down with
McCulloch and np with American progress.
Greenbacks and freedom, progress and civiliza-
tion, are the destiny of the American Nation.
The People.
The Bevolution is BollingPrepare for
No 2. _______________________
Brown Brothers & Co* and Pacific Mall*
We have received some interesting communi-
cations in regard to the inside management of
this Company and its connection with Messrs.
Brown Brothers & C o, the eminent Anglo-Ameri-
can banking firm, and the Novelty Iron Works,
also details of the recent contest lor the elec-
tion of directors, and the machinery of legal
injunctions used therein by the factions contend-
ing for the control of this great National enter-
prise. One writer furnishes a list of Messrs.
Brown Brothers & Cos, speculations, written
in terms oi condemnation scarcely justifiable,
commencing with the selling out of their dry
goods business to Messrs. Amory, Leeds & Co.
and their affair with the auctioneers Haggerty
& Co. respecting the merchandise on which
Amory, Leeds & Co. obtained a cash advance,
shortly before their disastrous failure, continu-
ing down to the management of the Collins tine
of steamships, the Thompsonville Carpet Com-
pany again in connection with auctioneers af-
fairs, Haggerty and others, and the Cumberland
Coal Company affair, winding up with the Nov-
elty Iron Works, which he states belong virtu-
ally to the Messrs. Brown. A stockholder
asks the rather pertinent question, Why do
Brown Brother & Company borrow and use the
cash of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company to
the extent of $500,0?0, in the Novelty Iron
Works ? If Pacific Mail furnishes the capital to
run tb Novelty Iron Works, is it not entitled
to the profits, or a portion thereof ? Messrs.
Brown Brothers &Co., with their enormous cap-
ital, and transacting the business of giving their
60 day sight bills for American cash, ought to
bo the lenders themselves to the Novelty Iron
Works, and not borrowers of the funds of a
company of which they, are directors and mana-
gers. Stockholder states that Messrs. Brown
Brothers & Company have'the reputation of sel-
ling about $3,000,000 per week of their 60 days
sight bills, and that this operation ought to give
them thp permanent use of $27,000,000 of
American cash capital in addition to their own
large assets. The fact of the Novelty Iron
Works borrowing $500,000 from Pacific Mail
and being guaranteed by James Brown, Esq.,
senior partner of Messrs. Brown Brothers &
Company is considered by Stockholder" a
curious circumstance, irreconcilable with the
enormous cash capital Messrs. Brown Brothers
& Company enjoy the use of all the time, and
with that nice sense of honor which ought to
characterize tho legal tiusteo of the cash of a


§Uv0htU0tt.
13
corporation, more especially with persons occu-
pying the proud position of the Messrs. llrown.
Tee Revolution of next week will discuss this
matter of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company.
The Money Market is easy at 6 to 7 per cent, for oal
loans, notwithstanding the preparations for the periodi-
cal settlement of accounts at the olose of the year. The
banks are discounting liberally for their customers at 7
per cent., and in the street prime business paper is
wanted at 7 to 8 per cent, when maturing within two
months, and longer dates at 8 to 9 per cent. The New
York City banks have been gaining steadily in the re-
serve of legal tenders since their weekly statement pub
lished oh November 23d ,when the amount was $51,121,-
911 against $60,657,932 on December 28th ; while their
loans for November 23d were about $5,000,000 more
than at present, being $249,34,649 against $244,620,312
in their last statement.
' The following statement shows the condition of the
New York City banks this week and last:
Dec. 21. Dec. 28 Difference.
Loans, $244,165,353. $244,620,312. Inc. $ 454,959
Specie, 13,488,109. 10,971,969. Dec. 2,496,140
Circulation, 34,109,101. 34,134,400. Inc. 115,299
Deposits, 177,632,583. 178,713,101. Inc. 1.080,608
Legal tenders, 58,311,432. 60,657,932. Jnc. 2,346,500
The Clearings for the week (five business days) show
increased activity in the loan market, being $449,1^0,304
against $473,151,502 for the preceding week, and $607,-
000,000 for the last week in April.
The Gold Market has been active throughout the
week, ranging between 134% and 139* as the extremes.
The following is a table of the weekly fluctuations :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing
Saturday, 21, 133% 133% 133% 133%
Monday, 23, 133% 133% 133 133%
Tuesday, 24, 133% 133% 133%. 133%
Wednesday, Christmas Holiday.
Thursday, 26, 134 134% 133% 134
Friday, 27, 134% 134% 133% 134
Saturday, 28, 133% 133% 133% 133%
The gold market has been over-sold to a heavy amount,
in anticipation of the coin disbursements; about 24,OuO,000
by government for the interest on bonds due in January,
and the rates paid for borrowing gold have ranged from
1-64 and 1-32 per cent, per day to flat without interest.
The price of gold has been sustained by the heavy ship-
ments of specie, being for the week ending December
281;$3,226,677. The New York City banks have lost
about $6,000,000 in specie since November 30th, on
which date they reported $16,572,890 specie in their
vaults against $10,971,969 on December 28th.
The following table gives the amount of specie reported
and held by the New York City banks, and the price of
gold on the dates named; mid it is matter for regret that
Secretary McCulloch conceals the amount of gold in the
Treasury Department, which would add materially to the
value of fids table :
Specie iu Banks. Specie Ex.
June 8, $15,699,038. $2,216,824.
October 26, 6,161,164. 214,696.
November 2, 8,974,535. 519,< 64.
November 9, 12,316,984. 298,112.
November 16, 13,734,964. 242,285.
November 23, 15,499,110. 346,075.
November 30, 16,572.890. S37,19o.
December 7, 15,805,254. 327,575.
December 14. 14,886,828. 1,705,420,
December 21, 13,463,109. 1,534,206.
December 28, 10,971,969. 3,226,677.
Price of Gold.
136% to 137 '
144 to 141%
142% to 140%
141% to 138%
141% to 138%
140% to 130%
140% to 13:i%
137% to 136%
137% to 133
135 to 133%
134% to 133
The preceding table shows on June 8th, the highest
amount of specie held by the banks $15,699,038 during
the year until November 30th, when they had gained
about $10,500,C00 from October 26th, after the govern-
ment disbursements of coin for gold interest due Nov. 1.
Since November 30th, we have shipped abroad $7,000,000
in specie, and the bank statement lor this week shows a
loss of only $5,600,000. On January 2d, government
will commence disbursing about $24,000,000 in gold, and
as the bulk of this sum will be re-invested in bonds for
foreign and domestic account, the stock of gold on the
market will be materially increased. Opinions differ
widely as to the effect of those heavy disbursements on
file price of gold, many arguing that the short sales have
discounted the whole of the January dividends, and that
the buying in of the shorts is likely to advance its price,
coupled with the export demand for specie which is ex-
pected to be from two to three millions per week. In
view of $24,000,000 of gold being placed on the market,
and the probability of a considerable increase in the ex-
ports of cotton and other produce during January and
February, the natural course of the gold market is cer-
tainly not upwards. Those who operate for a rise are
doing so against the natural current of the market. At
present
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is firm and hankers are not anxious to sell at present
quotations, in the expectation of obtaining higher rates
from the demand to remit the January dividends. The
cash demand from importers is light, and commercial
bills are in better supply, but the settlements on matur-
ing letters of credit are considerable and these absorb the
surplus of bills. The quotations ares Prime bankers 60
days sterling bills, 110% to 110%; and sight, 110% to
110%; Prime Commercial, 109% to 109%; Prime bank-
ers francs on Paris 60 days, 5-13% to 5-12%; and sight,
5-11% to 5-10; Prime Commercial 60 days, 6-15% to 5-16;
and others, 6-18% to 5-16%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are active and strong from a steady investment demand
from savings banks and others, and private capitalists,
The leading dealers have bought for some time past all
that were offered at a fraction under the selling quota-
tions, in expectation of a much higher range of prices in
the month of January, when about $50,000,0( 0 in cur-
rency will be disbursed by government for interest.
The bulk of this sum will doubtless be reinvested in
government securities. The 5-20 bonds of 18g£ and
1865 are also heavily oversold and are scarce for deliv-
ery. The hears sold them in expectation of a large
return of these bonds from Europe, which, however,
has not taken place. The Scotia broughtless than $500,-
000 instead of $7,0o0,000 or $8,000,000 the bears were
calculating upon. The investment demand for Central
Pacific Railroad bonds is also becoming quite a feature
among those investors and banks, and savings banks that
employ their funds in government bonds. The German
bankers have placed some round sums of these Central
Pacific Railroad bonds in Europe, and they are negoti-
ating for a heavy amount to send to Europe where they
say that the more cautious European capitalists will
give them a decided preference above government bonds,
inasmuch as they are interest and principal payable
in gold, and a first lien upon the road in a State, Cali-
fornia, which has never recognized any other standard
for money contracts than the gold dollar. They also
realize 9 per cent, dividend in currency. Messrs. Fisk
& Hatch are the legal agents of the Central Pacific Rail-
road Company tor the sale of its bonds, and the growing
domestic demand prevents the accumulation sufficient
to spare shipments to Europe. Messrs. Fisk & Hatch
report the government bond [market active and strong
at the following quotations:
United States 6s, 1331 Registered, 108% to 103%;
U. S. Coupon, 112% to 112%; U. S. 6-20 Registered, 105%
to 105%; U. S. Coupon, 1862, 108% to 108%; U. S.
Coupon, 1864, 105% to 105%; U. S. Coupon, 1865, 105%
to 106; U. S. Coupon, new, 1865, 108%to-108%; U. S.
Coupon,. 1867, 108% to 108%; U. S. 10-40 Registered,
101% to 101%; U. S. Coupon, 101% to 102; U. S. 7-30 2d
104% to 105; U. S. 7-30 3d 104% to 105.
THE GRAND ASPECT OF BUSINESS AFFAIRS
is more hopeful since the stoppage of Secretary Mc-
Cullochs suicidal policy of specie payment and green-
back contraction. Bankers, money lenders and mer-
chants ore of opinion that bottom has been touched,
and they look for Congressional legislation which will
reverse the financial policy pursued by Mr. McCulloch
since he has been in office. The country is just enter-
ing upon a new era of unexampled prosperty and na-
tional progress, for which non-contraction and green-
backs instead, of notional bank notes, are required by
the voice of the people.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
is active and strong, more especially in the great trunk
lines, which are known to be under the influence of the
Vanderbilt combinations, namely, Erie, New York Cen-
tral and Hudson River. The most active speculative
stocks are Erie, New York Central, and North West pre-
ferred. Rock Island is weak, notwithstanding its large
increase of earnings owing to the heavy sales which have
been making for some time past on buyers and sellers'
options, by inside parties connected with the company.
Pacific Mail is one of the most active speculative stocks
on the street. Ohio and Mississippi, shares are active
and in demand for inve: tment. Among the miscellane-
ous shares, Western Union Telegraph is the most active,
having sold as high as 38. Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad st.
quote the following prices on Wednesday. Dec. 30:
Canton, 48% to 49; Boston W. P., 19% to 19%; Quick-
silver, 21% to 21%; Mariposa, 7 to 8, preferred, 13; Pa-
cific Mail, 110% to 110%; Atlantic Mail, 117 to 117%; W.
U. Telegraph, 36% to 86%; N. Y. Central, 116% to 117;
Erie, 72%; Hudson River, 131 to 132%; Beading, 96 to
96%; Wabash, 41% to 41%; Milwaukee & St Paul, 46%
to 47, preferred, 63% to 63%; Ohio & Mississippi, 28 to
28%; Michigan Central, 107% to f08; Michigan Southern,
84% to 85; Illinois Central, 133%; Pittsburg, 87 to 87%;
Toledo, 97% to 97%; Rock Island, 97% to 97%; North
Western, 68% to 68%; do. preferred, 70% to 70%; Fort
Wayne, 97% to 97%.
The total sales of stocks registered on the lists of the
old Exchange Board for the weex ending Saturday, were
190,000 shares, and at the open board 280,000 shares, ma-
king a total of 470,000 shares sold besides those in the
long room and in the street. The total registered sales
of Government bonds for the week were $1,700,000, and
other State and City bonds, $500,000, making a total of
$2,200,000 against $3,900,000 the preceding week.
THE COTTON RECEIPTS
at all the ports this week show the largest increase of the
season, being 105,<>17 bales against 87,757 last week, and
79,176, 87,481, 78,879, 61,987, and 62,000 for the preced-
ing weeks. Since Sept. 1st, the aggregate receipts this
year are 749,125 hales against 681,613 bales for the corres-
ponding period in 1866, being an increase, this season
over last, of 67,512 bales. There has also been the largest
increase in the export demand for this week than in any
other of this season, the total shipments from all the
ports being 69,477 bales against 43,466 bales last week,
60,305, 45,081, 33,212, 24,020, and 31,813 bales the pre-
ceding weeks. The shipments from all the ports for the
corresponding period of last year, were 34,940 bales, and
the same period for this year shows an increase of 34,537
bales. Since September 1st, 1867, the total exports from
all the ports are 358,199 bales against 249,781 bales for the
corresponding period of last year; and the present stocks
at all the ports are 329,001 bales against 527,229 bales at
the corresponding period in 1866. The market has been
weak, the supply being greater than the demand, and
the obstructions caused by the late snow, and the scar-
city of freight room have tended, in a great measure, to
increase the price of handling in the streets. At the
close, however, from the continued firmness in the gold
TrtftrTrA*, and the street obstructions being partially re-
moved, the market became stronger and prices are stead-
ier. The quotations, at the close, were as follows: Mid-
dling Uplands, 15% cents against 15% cents lastweek;
Mobile 16 cent3 rgainst 16% cents last week; New Orleans
and Texas, 16% cents against 17 certs last week. The
sales of (he week were 12,699 bales, of u hich 8,579 bales
were for export, 2,863 bales for spinners, and 1,167 bales
on speculation. The exports from New York fids wees
shows large increase, being 15,934 bales against 9,867
bales last week, 12,263, 13,058,14,628, and 10,569 bales for
the preceding weeks. Iq the receipts of the different
ports this week compared with the corresponding period
of last year, there is a heavy increase at Savannah, the
total being 22,072 bales against 9,568 bales in 1866. At
Mobile the weeks receipts were 23,860 bales against 13,-
899 bales last year, while at New Orleans there is a de-
crease this week, compared with the corresponding pe-
riod of last year being 36,010 bales against 37,764 bales
last year. The total receipts at all the ports this year are
19,813 bales more than than those of last year, which
were 85,804 bales. The stock of American cotton in Liv-
erpool on Dec. 14th was 8 per cent, of the whole against
31 per cent, last year.
IN DREADSTUFFS
the market has been very quiet, and the exports this
week are the smallest of the year. The receipts of flour
have been plentiful and the demand has not been so
great, prices are weak, but holders are not anxious to
sell, expecting to see an improvement in business after
the holidays are over. Wheat is exceedingly dull; the
sales of the week being only about 35,000 bushels. At
the close. No. 2 Spring was $2.26 to 2.28. Corn has been
steadier but not in great demand, and the stock is less
by one-third than it was at the same time in I860, though
the supply of new corn is increasing and has token tbe
place of the old in supplying the demand. Western mixed
is quoted at $1.35 to $1.41. Western Yellow, $1.41 to
$1.42, and Southern White at $1.38 to $1.4*2. In Wheat,
Bed Winter is quoted at $2.65 to $2.75; Amber do., $2.89
to $2.85, and White at $2.75 to $3.15. Superfine flour la
$8.40 to $9.15; Extra State, $9.75 to $10.50, and Shipping
Round Hoop Ohio, $9.00 to $10.75.
GENERAL BUSINESS
has been more active for file five business days in pro-
portion, than last week, and the indications are favorable
to more activity and prosperity iu trade after the open-
ing of the new year.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week (five days) were $1,056,197, against $1,197,424*


/
14

$1,110,217, $1,557,550, $1,248,628, and $1,465,480 for the
preceding weeks. The imports of merchandise for the
week were $2,458,493, against $2,117,075, $4,598,361, $2,-
187,172, and $2,404,701 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports, exclusive of specie, ore unusually small, being
only $2,607,283, against $3,249,109, $4,623,013, $3,957,268,
$4,484,083, and $5,137,614 for the preceding weeks. The
exports of speoie for the week are $3,226,677, against $1,-
584.206, $1/05,420, $327,575 and $337,195 for the pre-
ceding weeks.
JJOLIDAY GOODS,
AT
POPULAR PRICES,
JJOLIDAY PRESENTS.
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FOR LADIES:
BREAKFAST SHAWLS, S0NTAG9,
COMFORTERS, SCARFS, HOODS,
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MERINO, COTTON, AND WOOL HOSIERY,
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HE POLICIES
OF THE
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POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE CO.,
419, 421 BROADWAY, N. Y.,
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BUNYANS ALLEGORICAL WORKS; on, THE PIL-
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THE NEW AMERICAN CYCLOPEDIA: A popular
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Ripley and Chables A. Dana, aided by a numerous
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A Complete Catalogue of
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Embracing New Styles of Albums, Juvenile Books, and
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ALL,
BLACK & CO.,
ABE THE
BEST NEW YEAR PRESENTS
' FOB A WIFE, FOR A FAMILY,
FOB A DAUGHTER, FOB A SON,
FOB YOURSELF.
For a wife or Family a whole LIFE POLICY is the best
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For a Daughter or Son an ENDOWRY POLICY is the
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For ones own self the best New Year treat is a LIFE
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ALSO, A CHOICE SELECTION OF
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EAS AND COFFEES.
ESTABLISHED 1861.
THE
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA
COMPANY
Are continually receiving direct from the Chinese and
Japanese factors, fresh importations of the choicest
flavored Teas. During the past few months th Company
have received two entire cargoes, one of which was THE
LARGEST CARGO EVER IMPORTED into this country,
and of the finest quality.
Parties getting their Teas from us may confidently
rely upon getting them pure and fresh, as they come
direct from the Custom House stores to our warehouses. -
The Company continues to sell at the following prices:
OOLONG (Black), 60, 70, 80,90c., best $1 per lb.
MIXED (Green and Black,) 60, 70, 80, 90, best $1 per lb.
ENGLISH BREAKFAST, 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 20 per lb.
IMHERIAL (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best $1 25
per lb.
YOUNG HYSON, (Green), CO, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 25 per lb.
UNCOLORED JAPAN, $1, $1 10, best $1 25 per lb.
GUNPOWDER, $1 25, best $1 50 per lb.
COFFEES ROASTED AND GROUND DAILY.
GROUND COFFEE, 20c., 25c.. 30o., 85c., best 40c. per
lb. Hotels, Saloons, Boarding House Keepers, and
Families who use large quantities of Coffee, can econo-
mise in that article by using our FRENCH BREAKFAST
and DINNER COFFEE, which we sell at the low price of
30c. per lb., and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.
Consumers save 5 to 8 profits of mic dle-men or about
ONE DOLLAR per pound, by purchasing their Teas of
the
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA COMPANY,
31 AND 33 VESEY STREET.
640 BROADWAY,
461 EIGHTH AVENUE,
Comer Churoh Street;
Corner of Bleecker Street;
N. comer 34th Street;
299 SPRING STREET,
Bet. Hudson and Greenwich Streets;
205 FULTON STREET, BROOKLYN,
Comer Concord Street;
133 GRAND STREET,
WILLIAMSBURG
gTAER & MARCUS,
22 JOHN STREET.
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
of the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WARE,
AT RETAIL.
Warranted superior to the linest Sheffield Plate.


EH* fUvflltttiott.
15
NION
PACIFIC RAILROAD.
525 MILES
OF THE
PUBLICATIONS.
AN ELEGANT STOCK OP
HOLIDAY BOOKS,
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD,
BUNKING WEST FROM OMAHA AOBOSS THE CONTINENT*
ARE NOW COMPLETED.
This brings the line to the eastern base of the Rocky
Mountains, and it is expected that the track will be laid
thirty miles further, to Evans Pass, the highest point on
the road, by January. The maximum grade from the.
foot of the mountains to the summit is but eighty feet
to the mile, while that of many eastern roads is over one
hundred. Work in the rock-tfuttings on the western slope
will continue through the winter, and there is now no rea-
son to doubt that the entire grand line to the Pacific will
be open for business in 187 0.
The means provided for the construction of this Great
National Work are ample. The United States grants its
Six Per Cent. Bonds at the rate of from $16,000 to $48,000
per mile, for which it takes a second lien as a security, and
receives payment to a large if not to the full extent of its
claim in services. These Bonds are issued as each twenty
mile section is finished, and after it has been examined by
United States Commissioners and pronounced to be in all
respects a first-class road, thoroughly supplied with depots,
repair-shops, stations, and all the neoessary rolling stock
and other equipments.
The United States also makes a donation of 12,800 acres
of land to the mile, which will be a source of large revenue
to the Company. Much of this land in the Platte Valley
is among the most fertile in the world, and other large
poitions are covered with heavy pine forests and abound
in coal of the best quality.
The Company is also authorized to issue its own First
Mortgage Bonds to an amount equal to the issue of the
Government and no more. Hon. E. D. Morgan and Hon.
Oakes Ames are Trustees for the Bondholders, and de-
liver the Bonds to the Company only as the work pro-
gresses, so that they always represent an actual and pro-
ductive value.
The authorized capital of the Company is $100,000,000,
jof which over $5,000,000 have been paid on the work al-
ready done.
EARNINGS OF THE COMPANY.
At present, the profits of the Company are dorived only
from its local traffic, but this is already much more than
sufficient to pay the interest on all the Bonds the Company
can issue, if not another mile were built. It is not
doubted that when the road is completed the through
traffic of the only line connecting the Atlantic and Pacific
States will be large beyond precedent, and, as there will
be no competition, it can always b.e done at profitable
rates.
It will be noticed that the Union Pacific Railroad is, in
fact, a Government work, built under the supervision of
Government officers, and to a large extent with Govern-
n* ent money, and that its b onds are issued under Govern-
ment direction. It is believed that no similar security is
so carefully guarded, and certainly no other is based upon
a larger or more valuable property. As .the Companys
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
are offered for the present at 90 CENTS ON THE DOL-
LAR, they are the cheapest security in the market, being
more than 15 per cent, lower than U. S. Stock.- They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
or over NINE PER CENT, upon the investment, and have
thirty years to run before maturity. Subscriptions will be
received in New York at the Companys Office, No. 20
Nassau street, and by
Continental National Bank, No. 7 Nassau street,
Clabk, Dodge & Co, Bankers, 51 Wall street,
John J. Cisco & Son, Bankers, No. 33 Wall street,
and by the Companys advertised Agents throughout the
United States. Remittances should be made in drafts
or other funds par in New York, and the bonds will be
sent free of charge by return express.. Parties subscrib-
ing through local agents will look to them for their safe
delivery.
A NEW PAMPHLET AND MAP, showing the Progress
of the Work, Resources for Construction, and value of
Bonds, may he obtained at the Companys Office or of its
advertised agents, or will be sent free on application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
New York.
November 23, 1867.
CAN BE FOUND AT
SHELDON & COMPANYS,
NOS. 498 AND 600 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
EMBRACING ALL THE STANDARD BOOKS PUB-
LISHED IN THIS COUNTRY OR ENGLAND, IN THE
RICHEST STYLE OF BINDING.
POETRY ILLUSTRATED IN THE MOST ELEGANT
MANNER.
HISTORY, BIOGRAPHY AND GENERAL MISCEL-
LANY WITHOUT END.
ANYTHING THAT YOU MAY DESIRE IN THE WAY
OF BOOKS SUITABLE FOR NEW YEARS PRESENTS
CAN BE FOUND AT
SHELDON & COMPANYS,
Nos. 498 AND 500 BROADWAY.
OPPOSITE ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL.
We have recently published
LIFE AND LETTERS OF
DR. BETHUNE.
BY ABRAHAM R. VAN NEST, D.D.
1 vol., large 12mo., with a steel-plate likeness of Dr. Be-
thune, and three full-paged illustrations.
Price, $2.
ALSO, A CROWN OCTAVO EDITION OF
DR. BETHUNES LIFE.
On tinted paper, bound in fancy brown doth. Uniform
with Dr. Bethunes Theology. Price $2,25.
The New York Observer says of it:
This book affectionately embalms the memory of one
of the most able, brilliant and distinguished men who
have adorned the American pulpit. His life and char-
acter have been made so familiar to our readers that we
are not required to present even an.outline of this
charming biography.
ALSO NOW READY,
A NEW EDITION OF
DR. BETHUNES THEOLOGY}
Or, Lectures on the Heidelberg Catechism. 2 vols.,
crown octavo, tinted paper. Price per set, $4 60.
A MOST INTERESTING BIOGRAPHY :
A MEMOIR OF THE LIFE AND LABORS OF
FRANCIS WAYLAND, D.D., LL.D.,
INCLUDING SELECTIONS FROM HIS PERSONAL
REMINISCENCES AND CORRESPONDENCE,
BY HIS SOUS,
Francis Wayland and H. S. Wayland.
2 vols., large 12mo. Illustrated by two s.eel plate like-
nesses of Dr. Wayland. Printed on laid
tinted paper. Price per set, $4.00.
This is one of the most instructive and fascinating
biographies which has issued from the American press
in many a day. Not one can carefully read such a book
without receiving permanent impressions for good, as
well as being constantly interested in the career of this
truly great man.
A NEW BOOK BY
REV. NEWMAN HALL, D.D.
BY SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT WITH REV. NEW-
MAN HALL, D.D., WE WILL PUBLISH MONDAY,
DECEMBER 30 :
A PARTING WORD.
1 vol., 18mo. Cloth*
BY REV. NEWMAN HALL, b. D.
Price, 60 cents.
This is a most charming little volume, and is charac-
terized by that classically beautiful, yet simple and direct
style which mark all of Mr. Halls books.
SHELDON & COMPANY,
Nos. 498 and 500 Broadway.
JJENRY B. STANTON
AND
HENRY STANTON,
COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
NO. 170 BROAWAY,
NEW YORK CITY.
Collections made throughout the United States. Suits
brought and causes tried in all the Courts, City, State
and Federal. Business done under the New Bankrupt
Law. Titles searched to Real Estate, Mortgages fore-
closed, all kinds of Legal Instruments drawn. Business
with the Patent Office at Washington, and all matters re-
lative to patents a specialty.
rji IFFAN Y & CO.,
NOS. 550 AND 552 BROADWAY. NEW YORK,
NO. 79 RUE RICHELIEU, PARIS,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
DIAMONDS, PRECIOUS STONES AND STANDARD
- JEWELRY,
STERLING SILVER WARES,
COMPRISING ALL ARTICLES OF USE OR ORNAMENT
FOR TABLE OR BUFFET.
POCKET AND TIMING WATCHES,
BY THE MOST APPROVED MAKERS.
CLOCKS AND MANTEL SETS,
IN MARBLE, BRONZE,.GILT, ETC.
BRONZES FROM THE BEST ANTIQUE AND
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INCLUDING PROOF EXAMPLES OF
THE FINEST WORKS IN THE FRENCH EXPOSITION.
PLATED WARES OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
PRODUCTION.
. CHANDELIERS, BRACKETS & GENERAL
GAS FIXTURES,
IN REAL BRONZE,
MANUFACTURED FROM ORIGINAL DESIGNS,
ON THE PREMISES,
TIFFANY & CO. would call attention to their superior
facilities, artistic and mechanical, for the production of
Silver Wares and Gas Fixtures for domestic use.
Estimates and designs for Household furnishing and
Decoration, in the above lines, will be forwarded upon
request.
glLVEB TONGUE.1
Ip you would make your some more cheerful,
If you would make your home more attractive.
If YOU WANT.A HANDSOME PIECE OF FURNITURE,
If YOU WANT A USEFUL PIECE OF FURNITURE,
If YOU WOULD make A BEAUTIFUL HOLIDAY PRESENT,
If YOU WOULD make a SPLENDID WEDDING PRESENT,
Purchase the Celebrated Silver Tongue Parlor
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The Public are respectfully invited to call and inspect
their large assortment of new and beautiful styles. Cata-
logues, etc., sent by mail,
CARHART & NEEDHAM,
Nos. 143, 146 and 147 Ea9t 23d street, New rk.


16
Revolution.
yjTFTF. CREDIT FONCIER OF AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, PRESIDENT.
The following are among the first one hundred special
copartners of the Credit Foncier and owners of Colum-
bus :
Augustus Kounfcse, [First National Bank, Omaha.]
Samuel E. Rogers, Omaha.
E. Creighton, [President 1st National Bank, Omaha.]
Thomas C. Durant, V. P. U. P. R. R.
James H. Bowen, [Prest* 3rd National Bank, Chicago.]
George M. Pullman.
George L. Dunlap, [Superintendent N. W. R. R.)
John A. Dis, [President XT. P. R. R ]
William H. Guion, [Credit Mobilier.)
William R. Macy, [President Leather Manf. Bank.]
Charles A. Lambard, [Credit Mobilier] Director U. P. R. R.
Oakes Ames, M. C., (Ciedit Mobilier.]
John M. S. Williams, [Director Credit Mobilier.]
John J. Cisco, [Treasurer XT. P. B. B.]
H. Clews
William P. Furniss.
Cyrus H. McCormick, [Director U. P. R. R.]
Son. Simon Cameron.
John A. Griswold, M. C., [President Troy City National
Bank.]
Charles Tracy.
Thomas Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
F. Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
E. H. Baker, Baker & Morrlili [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
W. T. Glidden, Glidden & Williams, Boston, [Credit Mo-
bilier.]
H. S. McComb, Wilmington, DeL, [Credit Mobilier.]
James H. One, [Merchant,] Philadelphia.
George B. Upton, [Merchant,] Boston.
Charles Macalester, [Banker,] Philadelphia.
C. S. Bushnell, [Director U. P. R. R.] Credit Mobilier.
A. A. Low, [President Chamber Commerce.]
Leonard W. Jerome.
H. G. Stebbins.
C. C. & H. M. Taber.
David Jones, [Credit Mobilier. ]
Ben. Holladay, [Credit Mobilier.]
the Credit Foncier grounds. Is it not the geographical
centre of this nation ? Ninety-six miles due west from
Omaha, the new Chicago; ninety-six miles from the
Kansas border on the south; ninety-six miles from the
Dacotah line on the north, Columbus is situated on the
upper bottom, at the junction of the Platte and the Loup
Fork, and is surrounded by the finest agricultural lands in
the world.
The Credit Foncier lands extend from the railway
station across the railway, and enclose the Loup Fork
Bridge ; the county road to the Pawnee settlement run-
ning directly through the domain. As the railway sys-
tem expands, Columbus will naturally be the railway
centre of the Sionx City, Nebraska City and Nemaha Val-
ley Railroads. /
The Uniou Pacific Railroad Company were not slow to
see that Columbus was the natural point for an im-
portant station. The Credit Mobilier owns lands near
the city, and some leading generals and statesmen are
also property owners round about. Would you make
money easy ? Find, then, the site of a city and buy the
farm it is to be built on. How many regret tbe non
purchase of that lot in New York; that block in Buffalo ;
that farm in Chicago; that quarter section in Omaha.
Once these city properties could have been bought for a
song. As tor and Girard made their fortunes In tills
way. The Credit Fonoicr, by owning the principal
towns along the Pacific line to California, enriches its
shareholders while distributing its profits by selling
alternate lots at a nominal price to the public.
The Credit Foncier owns 688 acres at Columbus, di-
vided into 80ft. streets and 20ft. alleys.
These important reservationsare made : Two ten-acre
parks ; one trn-acre square, for the-universily of Nebras-
ka ; one five-acre triangle, for an agricultural college;
one five-acre quadrangle, for a public school; one acre
each donated to the several churches. Episcopal, Catho-
lic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, Congregational
and Baptist, and ten acres to the State lor the new Capitol
buildings.
Deducting these national, educational and religious
donations, the Credit Foncier has over 3,000 lots (44x116)
remaining, 1,500 of which they offer for sale, reserving
the alternate lots for improvements.
yEKMILYE & CO.,
No. 44 Wall street,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN GOVERNMENT STOCKS
AND COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES.
We give special attention to landing
7-30 TREASURY LOANS.
All series taken In exchange for 6-20 Bond. Returns
made to correspondents without delay and on favorable
Torms.
CLOSING PBICE8.
New York, December 28,1867.
3 p.m. Buying. Selling.
Registered. 1881.............108%........'.108%
Couuon, 1881................112%.:.........117%
6-20 Registered, 1362........105%..........105%
6 20 Coupon, 1862............H-8%..........1 8%
6-20 Coupon, 1864............105%..........105%
6-20 Coupon, 1865............105%.........106
5- 20 1866, new.........108%..........108%
6- 20 1867, new.........168%.......^..108%
10-40 Registered.............101%.........102
10-40 Coupon.................101%.........102
Gold.........................133%..........133%
June 7-80....................104%.........1 4%
July 7-30...................104%...........104%
May Compounds, 1865.........117%..........117%
Aug. 1865..........116%..........116%
Sept. 1865..........116 ..........116%
Oot. 1865..........115%..........116
U. S. 3 per cent, cer........100%..........100%
All classes of United States funds credited or remitted
for, on receipt, at market rates, free oi all commission
charges.
piSK AND HATCH,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN
GOVERNMENT SECURITIES,
NO. 6 NASSAU STREET,
BUY AND SELL AT MARKET RATES,
ALL DESCRIPTIONS
OK
UNITED STATES SECURITIES,
The[cmss along the line of
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
Investment.
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days, Two Ocean Ferry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
this way1
Tbe Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists (two ihonsaud mfles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce tbe Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilier (its contractors), a national
reality ; the Credit Fonder (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the Union
Pacific Railroad. Under its presen l Napoleonic leader-
ship, in 1810 the road will be finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are already running west
of Omaha to the base of the mountains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omahaj where the
temporary bridge that has been constructed joins you
with the Pacific. Here is the time-table :
New York to Chicago (dra ing-room car all
the way, without change)................38 hours.
Chicago to Omaha, without change (Pull-
mans sleeping palaces).....................24
Omaha to Cheyenne, or summit of Rocky
Mountains, (Union Pacific Railroad).....28
90
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Mountains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or the removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from your state-room.
The Credit Foncier of America owns the capitol addi-
tion to Columbus, probably the future capitol of Ne-
braska. What is the Credit Foncier ? Ask the first mil-
lionaire you meet, and the chances are he will tell you
that he was one of the one hundred original thousand
dollar subscribers. No other such special copartnership
of wealthy men exists on this continent. (A list of these
distinguished names can be seen at the Companys
office.)
Where is Columbus? Ask the two hundred Union
Pacific Railroad excursionists who encamped there on
ADVANTAGES.
First.It is worth fifty dollars to a young man tobe
associated with such a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase tbe
preference right to be interested in tbe next town
mapped out by the Credit Foncier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine.
Third.Owning 5,000 feet of land 1,700 miles off by
rail, extends ones geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia do not
compose the entire American Republic.
When this ocean b.ottomthis gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inland lake often
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, with corn-fields and villages, a lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing to have about the
house.
The object of the Credit Foncier in soiling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to opon up the boundless
resources along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East Landed proprietarship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the em-
employee to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
thousand now. ,
As this allotment of 1,560 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a oheck to the Companys
bankers, Messrs. John J. Cisco & Son, 33 Wall street,
when you will receive a deed for the property.
To save the lol-owner the trouble of writing, the Credit
Foncier pays all taxes for two years.
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property In Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at tbe foot of the mountains, four hundred
miles west of Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots there selling for three thou-
sand dollars.
Most of the Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
are the Shareholders of tbe Credit Foncier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P. BEMIS,
- Secretary.
Oppio£ osf the Company, 20 Nassa Steeet, New York
City.
and give especial attention to the conversion of
SEVEN-THIRTY NOTES
INTO THE
NEW FIVE-TWENTY BONDS OF 1866 AND 1867.
Holders of the Sixes of 1881, and Five-twenty Bonds
of 1862, and May 1, 1865, may now realize a liberal differ-
ence by exchanging them for the new 5-2fs of 1865-7.
We are prepared to make these exchanges npon the most
favorable terms.
Deposits received and collections made.
_____________FISK & HATCH, No. 6 Nassau street.
Ban king house
or
JAY COOKE & CO..
No. 2ft WALL ST., COR. OF NASSAU ST., NEW YORK.
We buy and sell at the most liberal ourrent prices,
and keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERNMENT BONDS OF ALL ISSUES,
SEVEN.THIRTIE8,
AND
COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES,
and execute orders for purchase and sale of
STOCKS, BONDS AND GOLD.
We have added to our office a Retail Department, for
the aooommodation of the public demand for investment
in and exchanges of Government Securities, the pur.
chase Gold and Interest Coupons, and the sale of In-
ternal Revenue Stamps.
SEVEN-THIRTIES CONVERTED INTO FIVE TWEN-
TIES AT THE MOST FAVORABLE RATES.
JAY COOKE & CO.
DUJNUAN SHERMAN &0 0.,
BANKERS.
CORNER PINE AND NASSAU STREET, .
NEW YORK.
ISSUE CIRCULAR NOTES AND LETTERS OF
CREDIT FOR TRAVELLERS,
AVAILABLE IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF
THE WORLD.
MERCANTILE CREDITS
FOR USE IN
EUROPE,
CHINA,
ETC.
ALSO, MAKE TRANSFERS OF MONEY TO CALI-
FORNIA AND OREGON BY TELEGRAPH.
INTEREST ALLOWED ON DEI OSITS.