PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
YOL. I.NO. 2.
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1868. $2.00 A YEAR.
Scabcelt a week passes in which there are
not frequent murders in Texas of Union men,
officers as well as others, white as well as black,
and generally they go unavenged, the murderers
even boosting of their bloody work! The San
Antonio Express states that on Friday, Nov. 15,
Capt. 0. E. Culver, the Bureau Agent stationed
at Cotton Gin, Freestone County, and his or-
derly, were murdered three miles north of
Springfield, Limestone County. It appears that
Capt. Culver had some little difficulty with one
Vm. Stewart, and this same Stewart claims to
have killed both Capt. Culver and his orderly,
and says they fired on him first; but, strange to
say, they were shot with different guns. Capt.
Culvers head was also cut asunderdone with
an axe or some other sharp instrument. There
was a large bullet-hole through his right breast,
and there was no hole in the shirts or vest Capt.
Culver had on at the time he was killed. It is
strange that a large ball should pass through a
mans body and not through the clothes he had
on at the time. It is a great mystery. Capt.
Culver was an active member of the Union
League of America, and was to open a Council
in Springfield on the night of the 16th; but the
rebels of that place said he could not do it, and
they made good their threat. There were two
freedmen reported to have been killed at Cotton
Gin on the 16th, and the rebels were disarming
the freedmen in Freestone County on the day of
the threat to kill Capt. Culver.
SUFFRAGE IN NEW YORK.
A wmteb in the Tribune asks: In what year
suffrage was conferred on negroes in the State
of New York; what was the complexion of the
Legislature, and who was Governor? To
which that paper replies: Under the first and
second Constitutions, or from 1788 to 1823,
there was no distinction of color in the qualifi-
cations for voters; there was a property qualifi-
cation affecting equally both whites and blacks;
all a negro had to possess more than a white
man was papers or other satisfactory evidence
that he was a free person, and not a slave. The
men of the Revolution never doubted the free
negros right to the ballot. But in 1821 a Con-
vention was called to revise the Constitution,
and then came the clamor of rich versus poor,
and a grand movement in favor of abolishing all
manner of property qualifications was inaugu-
rated and successfully carried through so far as
white men were concerned; but a colored man
was required to possess a freehold estate of
$250, to be three years an inhabitant of the
State, and for the last year, of the election dis-
trict in which he voted. * It cannot be
fairly charged that any party, as parties now
are, is entirely responsible for the invidious dis-
crimination. Attempts have been made to
remedy the injustice through the only legal
path*amending the Constitutionbut thus far
without success. The vote in 1846 was 85,406
for, and 224,336 against impartial suffrage; in
1860 there were 197,503 in favor, and 337,984
The question is naturally up again in the
present Convention, and may in due time come
before the people; but past experience gives lit-
tle hope for the friends of impartial suffrage.
In the votes noted above, the Democratic party
conspicuously opposed the repeal of the prop-
erty qualification; a few, doubtless, voted the
right way, but where one Democrat voted Yes,
probably ten Republicans voted No.
Eliza Abchabd, in the Herald of Health has a
long article, full of wholsome Rye and Indian
truths, like these belowgood for kitchen or
If one should say: Muscle and Manhood,
it would be nothing either strange or unusual,
merely an alliteration for the well recognized
fact that man is an animal. For muscle and
manhood run together by nature. But who
ever heard of muscular womanhood ? Nobody
unless, perhaps, doctors, to whom it exists,
not as a reality, but only as a possibility of that
good time to come after the present generation
of American women will have all died out, as,
indeed, they are doing rapidlyand as, indeed,
they ought to do rapidly; the sooner the better
for those of them who, in their willful helpless-
ness, are already beyond the reach of hope and
Make a sheep of yourself and the wolf will
eat you, says the old German proverb. There
is but one animal weak enough and timid
enough to be compared to the average Ameri-
can woman of these times. It is to be regretted
that the animal is a sheep. A sheep is weak,
cowardly, helpless, and very foolish at times.
So is a fashionable American lady. But the
sheep does not make a virtue of its cowardly
helplessness. The lady does. That is the dif-
ference. A sheep will insanely follow in the
exact track of the sheep next ahead, though it
break its neck down a precipice. Sheep-like,
we women blindly follow the patriarch of the
flock at Paris, no matter how crazy his leaps
are. We have made sheep of ourselves for
years, and the wolf of Ill-Health is eating us up
every day. And we let him devour us, body
and bones, by the thousand, year after year,
and year after year, rather than throw off our
sheepishness, and break away, at once and for-
ever, from the national flock of sick women.
I remember once seeing four women try to
kiss one man. (N. B. Against his will.) There
had been a sportive wager made, and though
the four young ladies brought their united
strength to bear in endeavoring to pinion the
active young gentleman, they were obliged to
give up, beaten. They lost the wager. The
gentleman was a man of average muscle ; the
four girls, as ladies go, had decidedly more
than the average of physical strength.
And this is what four lull-grown girls amount
to! But something very like the millennium
will approach before women can be made to
understand that they ought to be ashamed to
let one man have more strength than four
women. This is the worst of it all. It is their
religious conviction that the crowning glory of
womankind is physical degeneracy. Their chief
delight is to believe themselves born to cling to
whatever is nearest, in a droopy, like the ivy-to-
the-oak way, and to be viney, and twiney, and
whiney throughout. Like the ivy to the oak,
exactly, if we are willing to learn anything from
nature ; for, in point of fact, the ivy generally
smothers the oak to death at last.
Woman conquers by her weakness. Wo-
mans weakness, indeed! Womans nonsense!
Womans weakness is despicable. Weakness of
any kind is a credit to nobody. How can it be ?
Do we admire a man more because one arm js
paralyzed, or because he is blind of ar if e? Is
there anything particularly lovely in the ghast-
ly sight of a man who is starving to death?
And what more claim to our admiration has a
woman who, in a manner, paralyzes herself all
over, and starves every drop of good, red life-
blood out of her body ? The lovely creatures
who choke the breath out of themselves, and
eat chalk and pickles, and drink vinegar, may
be counted by the hundred. You know them
and I know them. So ground into the very
souls of women is this notion of the excellent
beauty of womans weakness, that there are
those who think it isn't pretty to exert even the
scanty strength they have.
Womans want of muscle is a crying shame
and a sin. In truth, this want of harmonious
muscular development is the one need of the
whole American nation. We all find it more
than anything else, but the race of American
women is dying out for want of it. Women
sacrifice health, usefulness, happiness, life even,
to the one insane desire for delicate beauty.
Delicate beauty may do for heaven, but some-
thing more than that is wanted to bring up
children in this world. You want bone and
blood and muscle to do your duty here below.
Women are asking loudly and more loudly for
the rights of human beings. When women make
a boast of their utter incapacity to take care of
themselves, it is hard to see, sometimes, what
possible rights they ought to have. Perhaps,
some day, in pity to our weakness, masculine
legislators may give us the right to vote, but a
woman should be ashamed to accept it thus.
The half-contemptuous boon which is conceded
to weakness because it is not strong enough to
do any harm, is a very different thing from the
glorious right which, like the Magna Ghana, is
granted because it cannot be withheld. Obtain-
ing the right of suffrage as a pitiful alms, flung
to us dog-and bone-like, is a very different thing
from rising in royal strength of body and soul,
and demanding that right.
The women of America ore, physically, the
weakest women in the world, and seem pleased
to be told of it.
THE FIVE-TWENTY BONDS.
The California Morning Call thus speaks on
the proposition now agitating the Eastern
States to pay oft the national indebtedness :
Let ns see how the bondholder will come out
if he is paid off in greenbacks this year :
Cost in gold of greenbacks necessary
to buy a Â§1,000 bond, five years ago, $500
Gold value of the greenback for which
a $1,000 bond will now sell........ 750
Amount of interest received in gold
during five years.................... 250
Total receipts from bond............ $1,000
Total gold cost of bond.............. 500
Profit in five years, gold........... $500
Thus in five years, even if paid off in green-
backs, the bondholder will have realized a profit
of one hundred per cent, on his investment!
Twenty per cent, per annum! Is there any
repudiation, anything unfair or dishonest-, in
settling with the bondholders on this basis?
But it is contended that if the bonds are re-
deemed in greenbacks, the latter will depreciate
to a great extent in value. Suppose they do ?
They will not, in all probability, go down
twenty-five per cent.they certainly will not
fall below their value at the time bonds were
purchased with them ; and thus the bondholder
will get for his bonds just as much gold as he
paid for them, besides having received in five
years the sum of $250 (gold) interest on each
$500 in gold originally investedbeing ten per
cent, per annum. It thus being clear that no
wrong will work to the bondholder by paying
him off in greenbacksthat the nation is not
in law or honor pledged to pay him in anything
elseit would be an act of monstrous injustice
to compel the people to pay the bonds in gold,
or to tax them longer to meet the interest there-
on. The bonds should be redeemed speedily,
in order that the people may be relieved of the
burden imposed by the interest they bear.
GRANT MEETING IN FAN EVIL BALL.
The Boston correspondent of the Anti-Slavery
Standard reports at some length on the recent
meetings of the Board of Trade in that city, to
announce their decision that Gen. Grant shall
he the next president of the United States.
First, as to the size of the meeting, he says, it
had a very discouraging aspect. The old-fash-
ioned contests of Whigs with Democrats used to
crowd Faneuil Hall at an early hour, even when
nothing more important than a State election
was in question. On this occasion the floor of
the hall was scarcely half filled when the hour
appointed for opening the meeting came, and it
was not filled at any time during the course of
the meeting. The platform was the only place
crowded, and that crowd was almost exclusively
of business men. The Boston politicians have
generally tried to sanctify their Faneuil Hall
gatherings by the conspicuous presence, and
the verbal or tacit co-operation of some of the
Beverend Clergy. But on this occasion the
solid men of Boston had not one reverend
seignior on the platform to back them.
Then, as to the management of the meeting,'
the correspondent says, a sufficient number of>
skilful speakers had been engaged, and had
made preparation enough to speak fluently. As
popular speeches, their performances were plaus-
ible enough, but they lacked plausibility in the
one point especially requisite; they made out no
case for Gen. Grant; they had tp take for grant-
ed all the points which, if established by evi-
dence, would make out such a case. True, it is
hard to require them to make brick without
straw; but why, with such dearth of material,
did they set up the brick-yard? Why did they
call the meeting?
The correspondent says, the Daily Advertiser,
in a double-leaded leader urging attendance on
this meeting, gave, as one of the reasons for
nominating Gen. Grant, that he was thorough-
ly known! And the speakers at the meeting
also sagaciously took this point for granted.
Silence is golden,* said an ancient sage. In
Gen. Grants case it has certainly been so; for
it has brought two opposing parties to compete
for the honor of his alliance, each believing
that he favors its ideas, and each having as
much right to believe so as the other.
Lastly, he adds, the Faneuil Hall meet-
ing was as deficient in enthusiasm as in attend-
ance. The only instances of applause so hearty
and general as to deserve the name of enthusi-
asm were brought out by incidental matters.
The first came when Gen. Sheridans name
chanced to be mentioned; the next was when a
prominent merchant represented that the elec-
tion of Gen. Grant was the surest method of
getting a settlement with Great Britainboth
speaker and hearers seemed to have in mind a
belligerent settlementin regard to the Ala-
bama claims; and the third was when one of
the speakers tried the ingenious device of com-
plimenting Gen. Grants reticence in contrast
with President Johnsons excess of foolish talk-
ativeness. At the close of the meeting, the
chairman succeeded in getting three rousing
cheers for the new nomination; but the attempt
to get three more was a failure. In view of such
circumstances as these, the meeting itself must
be considered a failure.
THE PRESIDENTIAL QUESTION IN
GEO. F BAUCIS TRAIN BECEIVES ADVICE AND AN-
La whence, Kansas, Nov. 29, 1867.
Geo. FeancisTbain, 138 Â£ Madison Avenue, N. T.
Deab Sib : * I have just retured from an
extended trip through southern Kansas, and my
object in writing to you is to advise you that
there is a very large and growing sentiment
throughout that region, extending the whole
length of the Neosho Valley, in favor of your
name as a candidate for the next presidency.
Now, in order to make that sentiment more
nearly unanimous, you need to do two things:
First, To cease calling yourself a copper-
head, which is distasteful to even that much-
abused class of our fellow-citizens; and Second,
To avow yourself strongly in favor of the gov-
ernment extinguishing the title to the Indian
reserves and extending the Homestead law there-
over. No subject is so vital to the citizens of
southern Kansas in general, and in fact to poor
men everywhere, as this latter one. Southern
Kansas will hold the political power of the State
for ten years ensuing, and if you can increase
your popularity there you may carry the State
solid. Can you not likewise get Nebraska,
Colorado, Wyoming and New York City? .In-
diana and Illinois nominated Lincoln, and his
prospects five months before the Convention,
were less slim than yours are to-day. To these
crude suggestions I may add that if the law as
to presidential electors could he repealed and
provision made that throughout the Union two
candidates should be designated viva voce, by
electors for president and vice-president,the
highest number to have the first office and the
lowest number the second officeand then, if
you should announce yourself as an independent
candidate for the presidency on the following
Homestead law in all the public domain and
Protection to the Fenians in their forays,
Payment of the Debt in Greenbacks, *
your election would almost be insured. I
merely throw out these views for your consid-
eration, and if they strike you favorably, I will
develop them more at length hereafter. I will
be at Washington through January and shall he
glad to confer further with you then.
MB. TRAINS REPLY.
1381 Madison Avenue, l
Christmas, Sixty-seven, f
THE FORCE OP DESTINY. '
Deab --------, Esq. * Sir: Destiny, not
ambition, leads me towards the White House.
Since ten years old, with one thought, I have
studied, read, travelled, played successfully the
role of merchant, banker, railway maker, hotel
builder, succeeding in ail my pointscarrying
all my aimsforeshadowing events with rare
prophecymaintaining, sometimes against terri-
ble odds, my individuality, manhood, self-reli-
ance, all for one object: To elevate my people,
exalt my countrymen, make them have higher
hopes, nobler purposes. It takes many a sum-
mer sun to build your forest oak out of the
truant acornmany an ocean wave washes over
the coral insect before the coral isle is a guide
port to navigators. So it requires time, work,
energy, industry for a hoy to fit himself for the
statesman. My object and my egotism are
thoroughly honestare not to elevate myself,
but to elevate the White House. Tired of drunk-
ards, heroes, lawyers, politicians; sick of Polks,
Pierces and Lincolns, who were selected by a
half dozen men over a grog table without Over
consulting We, the Peopleaccidental presi-
dents crawling into the circus under the tent.
THE FORCE OF EDUCATION.
I have sometimes thought that this people
some day might, like for a change, at the White
House, a man who has proved himself an
American abroad, as well as an American at
borne. A man who is practically a non-drinker,
non-smoker, non-chewer, non-swearer, non-
gambler, who is no politician, no slanderer of
other men as McClellan was and Grant is. A
man who has succeeded in his own business
and who challenges the world to find any blem-
ish in his social, moral, commercial or business
character. Such a man, I have thought, the
people sometime may select for a leader. I say
the people. I have no hope of the politicians.
The man who has outlived the venom, fanati-
cism and rancor of twothousand party journals
calling him fool, charlatan, mountebank, lunatic,
during the greatest civil war ever known, must
have some destiny. * * * * *
Pardon these introductory comments ; let me
return to your letter, answering point by point.
YOUR SUGGESTIONS AND MX PLATFORM.
Copperhead. I deny the right of leagues and
clubs to coiu words giving their own definitions.
My meaning is Union, Constitution, Law, inde-
pendent thought. Nothing was more pitiful
than to see Democrats going over the land
apologizing to Radicals saying, I am not a cop-
perheadI am not a pole catI am not a skunk,
crying stinking fish everywhere. You Repub-
licans were smart in placing Democrats on de-
fence. I always act as plaintiff.
FAIR PLAY IN EXTINGUISHING INDIAN TITLES.
The Homestead Bill. Am tor it all the time.
Tis the brightest page in Johnsons record.
Kansas is an empire, of homesteads. Those
broad prairies some day will have twenty mil-
lions of people. The Indian Lands. Yes, extin-
guish the titles, but justice must be done the
Indian. He must be satisfied. He must be
paid. No more cheadng, whiskey treaties and
smuggling contracts. Four millions of square
miles of land in America sold for a string of beads
and a bottle of whiskey is suggestive l
HOW HANOOOH AND GRANT KILLED THEMSELVES.
No more Chivington massacres, no more
Hancock outrages (that outrage on Santanlas
Indian village, where Hancock fixed into a flag
of truce, will kill all hopes he may have for the
White House from Johnsons stupid Congres-
sional nominationas Grant would be killed on
his infamous order against the Jews in Tennes-
see). No more robbery of annuities ; but fair
play to the Indians, and I am with you on the
NINE THOUSAND VOTES IN KANSAS FOR WOMEN.
Woman Enfranchisement. My sentiments
. are too well known. While Phillips, Greeley,
Curtis, Tilton, Beecher, Pomeroy, Ross, Clarke,
theorized, I reduced my intentions to practice.
Nine thousand votesthe first in the world for
woman -is my endorsement on that question;
and I hereby pledge myself to work out my
mission : The Elevation of Man by the Emanci-
pation of Woman.
The Fenians. Ask them where you will, who
is their Mend ? Who had Irishman on the brain
when everybody else bad African ?
Educated Suffrage is my programme. Black
and white must read and write before they can
vote. We want more virtue and intelligence,
and less, vice and ignorance at the polls.
Greenbacks. Pendleton, Vallandigham, But-
ler, made their speeches months after mine. I
copyrighted the greenback idea March $2d ; see
World and Express Gold Brokers Speechto be
republished in next weeks Revolution.
By-tbe-by, Kansas should take 5,000 copies of
this great organ. It will be the voice of Sena-
tors, Cabinet, Congressmen, of one hundred
thousand women school teachers, of six million
Fenians, of all the good Templars, Sons of Tem-
perance and Father Matthew men, of all the
Trade Societies, and of eight million Spiritual-
ists. Its financial articles will be written by
twelve of the best bankers in America; adventing
an American system of finance, and they will
cause McCullochs downfall before he succeeds
in ruining our people. As the organ of our
Eugenies, our Maria Theresas, our Elizabeths
and Maids of Orleans, Madame Rolands, De
Staels and Recamiers, The Revolution will
have, in less than two years, Five Hundred
abolish the electoral college.
Yes, by all means. It has had its day. The
people will insist upon having a voice next time.
Physical convulsion precedes the moral. Man
is always prayerful after crime. The volcanoes,
earthquakes, tornadoes and floods of .he physi-
cal world foreshadow the whirLwinds, typhoons
and outbursts that will shortly take place in the
moral, financial and religious worlds. * *
I like Kansas. If Kansas likes mewell, I
make no bids for votes. I shall be no trimmer.
My education prevents me from going around
when I can go across. One object in standing
as the independent candidate of the people
against all conventions is to emancipate our
young men. Young lawyers, young merchants,
young doctors, are all overshadowed still. We
have too much respect for age, wisdom gone to
seed. Every native born man has the chance
of beins president, and I have struck out as the
champion of young men. One thing you may
be sure ofmy success is that of my friends.
Equal justice to all. Favors to friends alone.
Sincerely, Geo. Francis Train.
The Ti'ibune has the following remarks upon
the occasion of the meeting of the Social Sci-
ence Association in this city on the 19th, 20th
and 21st of November :
The aim of these meetings is to bring to a
focus the-researches and thinking of the many
mmds busied in subjects relating to the social
well-being of man. It has no sectarian nor
political aim, but appeals to all intelligent men
and women, and to all good citizens, and is
ready to accept light on the matters it is con-
cerned about, without vexing itself as to the
shape or size of the window it shines through.
It discusses the best means of education; the
defects of our laws as made and administeied;
the public health, and the ways it is injured or
secuied ; statistics, and how they may be made
to prove established things good or bad, or, by
turning tneir concentrated light full on unsus-
pected evils, open new fields of philanthropic
work for those who are never weary of doing
good. These are wide themes, and the discus-
sion of them is only limited by their bearings
upon practical life, while every man [and
woman too, Messrs. Tribune] who can say a
sensible word upon any of them, or who uas
made them a subject of thought, is invited
to take part in these meetings. As yet, this
American branch of the Foreign Societies de-
voted to social science, is in its infancy, and
numbers comparatively few working, active
members, but, every meeting it holds, draws
p*ublic attention more seriously to the import-
ance of its work, and enlists the interest ot
earnest men [and also women] in all directions
who rejoice to find their hands strengthened
and their hopes sustained by the companionship
fvnrl sympathy of workers in kindred fields.
The following from the lectures of Mrs. Ellis
will suit any meridian : Mypretty little dears,
yon are no more fit for matrimony than a pullet
is to look after a family of fourteen chickens.
The truth is, you want, my dear girls, generally
speaking, more liberty and less fashionable re-
straint ; more kitchen and less parlor; more
exercise and less sofa; more making puddings
and less piano ; more frankness and less mock
modesty. I like a buxom, bright-eyed, rosy-
cheeked, ^bouncing lass, who can dam stockings,
make her own frocks, mend trowsers, command
a regiment of pots, and shoot a wild duck as
well as the Duchess of Marlborough or the
Queen of Spain, and be a lady, withal, in the
drawing-room. But as for your pining, moping,
screwed up, wasp-waisted, putty-faced, music-
murdering, novel-devouring daughters of fash-
ion and idleness, with your consumption-soled
shoes and silk stockings, you wont do for wives
The Newburyport Herald and Salem Observer
are among the oldest newspapers in Massachu-
setts, both reaching back through the Whig
party, and far into the old Federal party, both
of which they always supported, as they do now
the Republican. The former quotes and com-
ments upon the latter as follows :
The Salem Observer, a staunch Republican
paper, says, that the financial question is the
point on which parties are next to form ; and
Ventures to predict that the party which plants
itself upon the doctrine of exempting National
securities from State and municipal taxation
will be disowned by the people. Its days will
be few in the land.
We have held to that opinion, but did not
expect to see it in the Observer. We are sur-
prised that, the State courts do not decide that
Congress has not the power to declare what
shall be or shall not be taxable property within
the States. Henry Clay held the doctrine that
that is property which the law declares to be
propertythe local law. All that Congress has
the right to demand is that no discrimination
shall be made in taxing property, injurious to
the national credit. The effect of the exemption
of national bonds will first be felt in the rural
districts, where a tax-bill is a great scare-crow.
The farmers will never permit their lands and
cattle and labor to be taxed, while the money of
the squire, who lives in the white house on the
hill, is exempted. We believe that this question
alone is to change the politics of New Hamp-
shire next March; and it will operate more
large'y in the Western States. We should re-
member that a very small number of people,
comparatively, hold'the national bonds; and
they are chiefly in the Eastern and Middle
States. The Pacific States do not hold bonds,
nor the Western States. Their money is wanted
for active business at higher rates than the
bonds ; and even in the East the tax-payers
who do not hold bonds largely exceed the hold-
ers of bonds. The bond-holders are about equal
in number to the old slave-holders ; and if ever
parties form on this question, the contest will
be sectional; as it was with slavery ; and the
bond-holders will go to the wall, as did the
slave power. Their only way to avoid the
difficulty is to meet it in a liberal and generous
spirit; and whether the law is or is not with
them, put their property upon the same level
with other property. It is needless to resist
what is fixed and inevitable, and the cry of re-
pudiators will only familiarize the public with a
word that should never be utteredit will tend
to create repudiating of those who would scorn
to think of such a scheme to-day. Let them
learn from the light of the past and be governed
by reason, not blinded by interest.
Rumors that H. W, Beecher will give read-
ings from Norwood are contradicted.
TRAIN AMONG TEE BROKERS.
GREAT SPEECH AT THE OPEN BOARDHE ADVO-
CATES TWO THOUSAND MILLIONS OP GREENBACKS.
George Francis Train dropped into the
Board of Brokers about half-past three on Wed-
nesday last, when the entire room set np a shout
for a speech. Mr. Henriques, the president, tried
to maintain order. The brokers yelledTrain
TrainGo on with the call. Some wishing to
fill their orders hissed vigorously ; but it was no
use. Speech or adjournment. When the chair-
man got order he beckoned to Mr. Train, who
rose and declined to interrupt the business ;
would speak after the call for five minutes.
This was received with cheers. At four, Mr.
Train was again called for, and for about halt
an hour he fired light and left, hitting every-
body who talked specie payments or hard cash.
We can only give a sketch of the speech, which
was in something of the following order :
Mb. Henbtques (Loud rappingcries of order, or-
der)Mr. Train will now address you.
Mb. TrainDraw upon me at sight, gentlemen. What
will you have ?
A VoiceOne hundred dollars.
Mb. TrainYou must be short to want only a bun
dred. (Laughter.) Name your subject, gentlemen; I
will answer the call. Here the cries were renewed for
Regular Board, Old Board. Tell us about Sock
Island. The old board is played. The difference between
the old board and the new is the difference between a
rotten old monarchy and a live republic(cheers)be-
tween black and whiteday and night. Old men hang
like a nightmare over the destinies of the land. Old law.
yers, old bankers, old politicians, and no wold brokers
trying to shut out the young brokers.
A VoiceHe did not catch the sound.
But Mr. Train replied as the gentleman was going out.
Yes, a live lion is better than a dead ass. (Laughter.*
Lockwoods expulsion was an outrage. Here it is in an
epigramnothing but envy :
Lockwoods handsome Norwalk palace
Having roused the brokers malice,
They shut him out.
And old Fogie fossil sages
Would disgrace the middle ages,
And take in Stout. (Loud laughter.)
Mr, , Tell us about Rock Island.
Mr. Train here explained about the Rock Island pool,
saying that Tracy had hit the game this time, although
he missed it before ; that the Northwestern tried to do
with Rock Island what Rock Island tried to do with
Northwestern, when Tracy capsized the coach before*
(Laughter, shouts, etc,) Crawford and Keep and the'
others tried to make a pool for the new stock at 50, to is-
sue $6,00u,090 then sell out to Northwestern for $3,000-
000 a year, stop Rock Island at Des Moines and then
divide the $3,000,000 50 per cent stock between them.
Tracy saw that, sold $5,000,000, has got the money in the
bank, and will build the road at once to Omaha(cheers)
to connect with Durantwho is a Rock Island direc*
tor, by the bywho may have a hand in this thing lor
the Pacific. (Loud applause.) The Rock Island stock
to-day is worth 110, and will go to par in a week. (Loud
applause.) But this epigram tells the story:
There is nothing half so racy
As the trick that John F. Tracy
Thought hed try. (Laughter.)
But the very best of cows,
If milked by David Dows,
Will run dry. (Loud laughter.)
What next, gentlemen.
Mr.KeenndyTell us about the currency.
Mb. TrainWhat we want is stability; something
certainand that Is greenbacks. (Applause.) It requires
ten per cent, at least margin to move stocks; fifteen at
least to move merchandise, cotton, rice, tobacco, and
twenty per cent, to move real estate. (Thats so.) We
have an aggregate of $25,000,000,000 of property in this
country, and not $300,000,000 of currency to move it
hence stagnation, ruin. We want ten per cent, mar-
gin-ten per cent, on $25,000,000,000 is $2,500,000,000 of
greenbacks. (Loud applause and cheering.) Once we
had $1,500,000,000 currency, in notps, 3, 6, 9 and 12
months, mercantile and banking paper, now that is wiped
out(sensation.) What else have we ? Nationa' banks ?
Yes. They advance only on governments. Governments
eat up the greenbacks, and the greenbacks eat up the
National Bank notes, so we really have no currency at
all. (Sensation and applause.) Hence 60,000 men are
out of work, as stated in the World, and paralysis every-
where. (Thats so.) All rich men have to do is to sell
out, shut up shop, buy governments, and collect 12 per
cent interest on the losses of the peopleout of the pom1.
(Shame.) My old friend William P. Furness, over the
way, is the only man in Wall street who grasps the ques-
tion. See his letter in to-days Revolution.
Mb. Hale, (Halo & Burr)Tell us how the market is
going to turn.
Mb. TbainEverthing is going up. Greenbacks will
prevail. McCulloch must expand or lose hie place.
(Appiause.) All stocks will rise. When I spoke last
Spring, I told you in the gold room there would be ru-
mors of war. There was. Gold would go up. It did.
Stocks must go down. They fell. Do you remember
my predictions ? Tes. Well, I predict again. Every-
thing will go up ten or twenty per cent. Wo are on the
eve of groat prosperity. No panicno crasha complete*
change at Washington. I am going out Wednesday on
the Scotia to listen to our citizens in jail. (Loud ap-
plause.) And when I come back in a few weeks I shall
find that stocks have gone up some twenty per cent, in
my absence. (Loud cheers.) Specie payments mean
repudiation. Greenbacks save die national debt.
A VoiceHow do you make that out?
Mr. TrainSimply because specie payments mean
contraction; contraction means panic; panic means
bankruptcy; bankruptcy means no money to pay taxes;
and no taxes mean repudiation. (Applause, and Thats
so.) While greenbacks mean expansion, expansion
means confidence; confidence means speculation and
the payment of taxes. Speculation signifies new rail-
roads, new woolen mills, now cotton factories, new cotton
plantations, new ocean steamers (applause), new lines of
packets, new mines opened and old mines resuscitated
(applause). Capital is the baluster to the stair case ; we
seldom use it, but like to know it is there in case of panic
or the dark. (Laughter, and Thats so.) Cash is the
axle of the wheel; rough riding and slow. Credit is
circumference; two-fo*ty on a plank road. (Loud ap-
plause.) Now there is no confidence, no faith; all is
doubt, uncertainty; hence no trade, no enterprise, no
long loans, no future. With greenbacks we can pay the
debt; with gold we are bankrupt. Three kinds of money
are insolvency3 old for Alabama bondholders (sensa-
tion),greenbacks for national bank speculators,andnation-
al bank sbinplasters for the poor man. (Sensation.) By
paying imports and bonds in gold, and everything else in
paper, the government cried stinking fish on its own
credit at the start. ( Thats so.) All through the West
I passed this resolution by acclamation :
Resolved, That a currency good enough for our
butchers, bakers and grocers, is good enough for the
Alabama bondholders. (Loud applause.)
TRAIN THE AUTHOR OF THE GREENBACK PROGRAMME.
You remember my Gold Room speech, published In
the World, March 23, and then all over the land. Six
months after Pendleton took it up and carried Ohio,
(Applause and he stole your thunder.) Not so. My
copyright holds good, my patent, like my English steel
railways, will give me royalty when I claim it. (Ap-
plause.) My Snob speech to the Ben Wade party was in
June ; my demagogue speech to the Radical clergymen at
Clifton Springs was in July. These greenback speeches
were cut off in pieces and retailed at every stump in Ohio
(Thats so), and were copied everywhere long before
anybody else came out fiatfooted. (Applause.) Forty
square nominations for the White House already in ten
States point that way. (Loud applause.) Already Con-
gress begins to shake under the voice of the people.
The administration have bought an iceberg and a volcano
better prepare for an earthquake(loud laughter)or
stop the panic McCulloch has been forcing on the nation.
(Loud applause.) Look at the bills the tinkers are at
work onall apprentices. There are no journeymen
workers at the Capitol. (Laughter.) Vermont Edmunds
and Morrill jump to the rescue of bondholders to have
five-twenties paid in gold, while Butler gets 55 votes
against 80 to have them paid in greenbacks. (Hisses and
applause.) Perham, of Maine; Poland, of Vermont;
Eggleston, of Ohio; Bramhall of Pennsylvania j Bing
ham, of Ohio, and Ross, of Illinois, are all out for more
greenbacks. A dozen bills are up. The birds are flying.
The ball is moving ; confidence is coming back, and
stocks will jump to prices of 1863. (Applause.) Pay the
debt in greenbacks, and gold is merchandise and down it
goes to par. (Sensation.) All tax laws would then be
repealed and the National debt would then prove a Na-
tional blessing to the poor as well as the rioh. (Ap-
THE SECRETARIES CF THE TREASURY WANT GOLD FOR
Chase, Fessenden and McCulloch legislated for Eng-
land. One complimentary leader in the London Times
will buy any American politician. (Sensation.) This was
the reply that the English firm, Barclay mid Livingston,
received irom Mr. Chase In 61, when we were selling
I am directed by the Secretary to say that it is the
purpose of the government to pay said bonds, like other
bonds of the United States, in coin at maturity.
McCullooh followed in the same wake. He wrote on
the 7th of October, 1867 : I consider the faith of the
governmentpledged to pay the Five-twenty bonds, when
they are paid, in coin. Read the acts of Congress.
The law of February 25, 1862, authorizing the Five-twen-
ties of that, year, and the Five-twenty law of June 30,
1864, provide expressly that the interest shall be payable
in coin, but are silent as to the principal. Chase's and
McCullochs views are only opinions of individuals.
Butler is. righta Secretary of the Treasurys opinion is
not an act of Congress. (Applause) Legal tenders were
issued under three acts ; that of February 25, 1862; of
July 11,1862; and March 3,18*3. On the back cf the
bills of the first issue will be found the words: This
note is a legal tender for all debts, public and private,
except for duties on imports and interest on the public
debt, and is exchangeable for United States six per cent,
twenty-year bonds, redeemable at the pleasure of the
United Statesafterfiveyears. These facts are stubborn
arguments. The country is being ruined, merchants
failing, banks stopping, all to let McCullochs friends out
of their long or short stocks, as the case may be. (Ap-
plause.) On the back of the bills of the second issue we
find the following language, which is even clearer mid
stronger : This note is a legal tender for all debts, pub-
lic and private, except duties on imports and interest on
the public debt, and is receivable in payment of all
loans made to the United States.
That settles the question that Butler and those who
voted with have fact, truth and the honor of the na-
tion on the side of the silver spoon combination. (Laugh-
ter and applause.) Greenbacks mean prosperity. Specie
payment means adversity. (Applause.)
BOSTON NOT THE HUB.
New England and New York dont rule this people to-
day ; we have 15,000,000 in the West who swear they will
save the National debt from repudiation, by veting for
greenbacks. (Applause). Free trade and specie payment
mean New England and Alabama claims unpaid, and
American citizens dying in English jails. (Loud hisses
against Adams.) Greenbacks mean high wages for poor
men American industry and no moie hard times. (Ap-
An American newspaper is about being published
in New York. Ife name expresses its views The
Revolution. This short paragraph explains its mis-
Financial and commercialAmerica versus Europe
gold, like our cotton, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
(Applause.) An American system of finance. American
products and labor free. Foreign manufacturers pro-
hibited. (Applause.) Open doors to artisans and immi-
grants. Atlantic aud Pacific oceans for American steam-
ships and shipping. New York the financial centre of
tbe world. Wall street emancipated 2rom Bank of Eng-
land, or American cash for American bills. (Applause.)
Tne Credit Fancier and Credit Mobilier system, or capital
mobilized to resusoitato the South and our mining inter-
ests, and to people the country from ooean to ocean, from
Omaha to San Francisco. (Cheers.) More organized
labor, more ootton, move gold and silver bullion to sell
foreigners at the highest prices. Ten millions of natu-
ralized citizens demand a penny ocean postage to
strengthen the brotherhood of labor. (Loud oheers.) If
Congress vote one hundred and twenty-five millions for
a standing army and freedmen's bureau for tne blacks,
why cant they spare one million for the whites ? (Loud
and continued cheers.) Many think that greenbacks
mean repudiationgiving French assignats, Confederate
debt, and continental money, as examples. There is no
analogy. Those debts and those times had no commerce
no agricultureno manufacturesno trade back o
them. We have. Give us fifteen years free from taxefl
and foreign imports, with the export off ootton, and sixty
millions of people would pay off the whole debt as a dona-
tion. (Loud applause.) Greeley yelled out, On to
Richmondand we blindly plunged in and got Bui
Run. He now shrieks On to specie payments to give
another Hull Run. (Sensation.) But military Bull Run
and a financial Bull Run are two distinct things. lV-ni
now would throw back tbe n ation ten years. (App se.
What is more disgusting than tbceethcee editc who
could not run a bank, build a factory, launch a steam*
boat, stow a ship, or construct a railway, have the impu-
dence to instruct a nation on finance. (Laughter and ap-
plause.) Who wants Adam Smith, Bastiat, or John
Stuart Mill Hung at them when the Finarce ship is in the
breakers. (Sensation and applause.) The Revolution
newspaper will wake up some of these dead editors into
the present century, with an American system of finance.
(Applause.) As they borrow all their ideas from Eng-
land why not borrow their facts. European revolu-
tion followed our war of 1776-'83, as European revolution
will follow otar war of 1861-67* Pitts greenback four
months order in council in 1797 lasted twenty-five years
can we resume in as many months ? (No.) Alabama
bondholders after the battle of (1815) yelled for specie as
our Alabama bondholders through Edmunds, Morrill,
Banks and Eliot are yelling nowParliament yielded.
Gold rose to 40 per cent, and thre e thousand bankrupts
were in the gazette that year (1816) (sensation), and the
starving people rose en masse and specie payment was
again postponed. McCulloch is doing the same thing
here forcing bankruptcy and starving the people.
NO STATESMEN AT WASHINGTON.
There are no statesmen at Washington. What do three
and six penny lawyers know about national finance?
(Sensation and laughter.) When England succeeded in
forcing specie payment in 1825, universal ruin was the re-
sult to the poor, and palaces and pheasants for the rich.
(Applause.) McCulloch is a bad Minister to starve the
poor at the expense of the rich. (Shame.)
ENGLAND ON THE VERGE OF BUINFEARFUL STATISTICS.
When England resumed specie payment pauperises be-
came a national institution, and the result of that legisla-
tion is summed up in a few terrible figures. One man.
in seventeen is. a pauper ; one child in fourteen, a bas-
tard ; 60,000 drunkards die every year (sensation)j
600,000 habitual drunkards in the country ; one hundred
thousand prostitutes in England. Two millions, or thirty
per cent, of the children, totally without education, says
Lord John Russell in his recent speech (sensation)j six
millions of men without a vote, and starvation in almost
every parish. (Sensation). Out of 77,000,000 acres of land
34,000,000 are retained for the grouse and pheasant
sportsmen, and the fox-hounds, and thirty thousand
families own all England. Twelve noblemen own obe-
half, and five Dukes a half of Scotland. The national
debt is in the hands of 300,000 bondholders(we have
400,000) and poverty, murder, starvation meet you every-
where. This is McCulloch's policy. The people, how-
ever, can vote and McCulloch must fall. Down with
McCulloch and England must resound all over the land.
(Loud applause.) England is on the verge of the most
terrible revolution the world has ever witnessed, and
within a few months the foreign banking houses in New
York and Boston will snap like pipe stems. (Sensa-
tion.) Yet England still lectures us through the London
Times, and our toadying newspapers copy as from the
Ye hypocrites of England, who go to distant seas to
educate the heathen and fatten on the fees, why dont
you stay at home with your wretched humble poor, and
try and save from death and hell the heathen at your
door ? (Loud applause and a decided sensation.)
: # # * #
Mr. Train was nominated by acclamation for the Presi-
dency, and was congratulated by the brokers on his
wide-awake speech. Some stocks went up about one per
cent, after he finished, and he was loudly cheered when
he came out in the street. It was a sensational affair
among the monied men.
The New York Sun tells the following as an
illustration of the manner in which sewing
women are paid in this city :
A poor woman was given, at one of the larg-
est establishments in the city a short time ago,
the material for an infant's cape, to be elaborate-
ly worked with cotton. It took her fourteen
days of hard work to complete it, and then she
was rewarded with the munificent sum of four
dollars! The work was well done, and the arti-
cle sold afterwards for seventy dollars! The
material, including cotton, was worth seven dol-
lars, and four dollars was paid for making up,
leaving to the Tetailer a profit of fifty-nine dol-
lars on an investment of eleven dollars! It is
no wonder that dry goods are sold in marble
GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN AGREES TO WRITE OCCASIONAL
LY FOR THE REVOLUTION, AND GIVES HIS REA-
SON FOR BEING PERSONAL AND ALWAYS SPEAKING
Office of the Credit Foncieb,
20 Nassau St., N. Y.,
January 1, 1868.
Editor of the Revolution:
Many thanks for your kind note and my best
wishes for your success. Individually I have
been popular, when holding Lord John Russell
in one hand and Wnn H. Yancey in the other
for two years in England, all the papers copied
my speeches. Afterwards the Radicals dropped
me and the Democrats took me up. Then came
the Chicago Convention where I opened on Mc-
Clellan. Then the Democrats called me names
and the Radicals took me up. But I believe J
have never sold my birthright to eithermain-
taining a distinct association with the people.
The much-abused, much-swindled people. I
shall be glad to give you articles and speeches,
from time to time, if within speaking distance.
My southern tour comprises Baltimore, Wash-
ington, Norfolk, Ricnmond, Columbus, Charles-
ton, Savannah, Montgomery, Mobile, New Or-
leans, Vicksburg, Memphis, Nashville, back via
St. Louis, Chicago, Louisville, Cincinnati,
Malice for none! Charily for all! Instead
of malice for allcharity for none! the theme.
As Beecher publishes his own sermons in the
Independent, as Phillips puts his own anathemas
in the Standard, as Dickens reads his own books,
as Greeley puts his o wn biography in the Ledger,
as Thurlow Weed bought the Advertiser to re-
late his personal reminiscences, I accept your
suggestion and yon shall hear from me in The
Revolution. Enclosed is some White House
Sincerely, Geo. Francis Train.
[The Southern tour is postponed till Mr. Train returns
from Europe, early in the Spring.Eds.]
THE WEALTH THE WAR HAS BROUGHT
We have been told that we of the North are rich ; the
Senator from Massachusetts (Mr. Wilson) tells us that we
are seven times richer than we were before the war. I
wish I could believe it. What have we to show for these
alleged riches? We have spent $5,000,000,000 ; we
raised $600,000,000. We had the South before the war.
Save we it any more now than we had before ? Is it any
more prosperous than t was btfare the war ? Is it worth
as much ? Why, sir, I know the fact that many of the prin-
cipal plantations of the South are not worth one-twentieth
part as much as they were then.Senator Spragues recent
speech in the U. S. Senate.
Senator Spragues able argument for the repeal
of the cotton tax, coming as it does from a cot-
ton planter and cotton manufacturer, is a fear-
ful expose of our unstatesmanlike legislators.
ENGLAND SUPERSEDES AMERICA WITH INDIA COTTON.
The cause which has operated to dethrone cotton, the
cause which has operated to destroy it as a monopoly, is
what ? An over-production of cotton in this country ?
No, sir. I am humiliated in being obliged to admit the
fact that with this poor, despised, short-stabled, husky,
India cotton, a fabric is to-day produced by the skill and la-
bor of Englishmen equal to the best fabric that American
machinery has yet been able to produce. This is the cause
of the present depression of the cotton manufacture in
this country and throughout the world .Sprague.
Englands slave labor, coming in contact with
our free labor, paralyses our industry, and thorns
and thistles begin to grow in the land of milk
and homy. This is the month for plowing
cotton. February for putting in the seedbut
who will plant? Who will sow, with the cotton
tax staring them in the face ?
NOTHING TO EXPORTCOMMERCE DESTROYED.
My friend from Kentucky and my friend from Iowa
have spoken of the drawback as being beneficial to the
American manufacturer ; and my friend from Vermont
holds to it with a tenacity characteristic of and creditable
to him. But, sir, what do the statistics show ? In the
whole range of my experience I do not knoio of an article
that the American mnufacturer can now produce and export
and compete with foreign manufacturers in the markets of
the world, even with the drawback.Sprague.
Yes, we have bonds and gold. But no com, '
no rice, no sugar, no cotton, nor can we have
with McCullochs fatal policy.
I wish to make one remark that I intended to make
when I was up before, and it i9 simply this : that the
spirit of braggadocio and the brag of tho American poople
has been their ruin. It has been a curse upon them ; for
while they have been indulging in that luxury, tho peo-
ple of other countries have been employed and have
been prosperous. There is not now within the range of
my vision an article produced by American people, ex-
cept that which comes from the soil, that goes out of our
country and enters into the consumption of the world.
I do not wish to go over the list, but any one conversant
with statistics knows that there is but one. Look at
your ship-buildieg and lumber interests. Your ship-
building is destroyed, and in lieu of building ships you
send out a little lumber, and then you send out a little
coal, and you send cotton, and you send gold, and that
is the sum total.Sprague.
Too long with envy, hate and all nncharita-
bleness. Too long calling names. Copperheads,
rebels, traitors. Too busy blackguarding all
mankind in order to shield our own peccadilloes.
Too busy toadying to British statesmen, British
interests, to think of our own welfare. Senator
Spragues speech should open the eyes of the
Senate to action ; but will it ?
Mr. Trains debit and credit account of the
war, in bis Pilot Knob speech, to the United
States Senate, when out for a holiday with Ben.
Wade, is the best account we have seen.
EXTRACT GEO. FRANCIS TRAINS 8PEEOH IN PILOT KNOB.
A Senator What about the debt?
Mb. TrainDo you want to know ? Well, you shall
have what you probably have never seen beforea debit
aud credit of the wara profit and loss account: First,
You should know that we have had a grand exhibition
of fireworks, and mortgaged our farm to pay it. ( Oh 1
Second, The so-called wealth of the farmer consists in
his having his soldier-boy in the graveyard and a seven-
thirty in his pocket in exchange. (Sensation.)
1. $3,000,000,000 of national debta national curse to,
everybody but Jay Cooke.
2. $1,000,000/000 State, city and county debt, bom of
3. Five hundred thousand able-bodied farmers, me-
chanics and other white men dead, worth $10,000 a piece,
4. Five hundred thousand black laborers, worth $1,000
each, $500,000,000. (Hisses.)
6. 4,000,000 black laborers, men, women and children,
that it took three generations of white civilization to
utilize into profitable labor, totally demoralized and dis-
organized for the time being. (Applause and consider-
able dissent, the radicals getting uneasy and endeavor-
ing to stop Train's exposition" of national affairs.
Train talked them all down, made tun of their hisses,
and carried his points, to the evident disgust of many
6. $500,000,000 of shipping, that it took us fifty years
of American industry, since Waterloo, to whiten every
ocean with our commerce, completely wiped out by Eng-
lands neutrality. (Applause and Too true.")
7. $4,000,000,000 worth of plantations, houses, farms,
factories, real estate, personal property, wasted, burned,
wiped out, completely destroyedthe accumulated in-
dustry of a hundred years.
8. And lastly, An amount of swearing, gaming, drunk-
enese, prostitution, demoralization, that cannot be
enumerated by figures.
This will do for the debit; and when fanaticism sleeps
for a moment the nation's eyes will open, and a reaction
will set in that will emancipate my constituency, the
white people of our land. (Applause and dissent.) So
much for debit; what for credit ? Gentlemen, I have no
figures. X ou must be content with ideas. [Here the
audience, getting uneasy over Trains expose of the debt
of the war, began to more off, and, vainly tried to stop
him; but Train said}: Gentlemen, I have refused to
speak at every Station, notwithstanding the repeated
calls for Train. I have applauded all your two hour
banquet speeches. (Laughter from some oi the bored.)
Now you must listen, as you see my voice will reaoh to
the bottom of the mountain. (Applause and laughter.)
Besides you will see this all in print. Here is Seymour,
of the New York Times; General Boynton, of the Cin-
cinnati Gazette; Painter of the Philadelphia Inquirer;
Mrs.------, of the New York Tribune; Smith of the
Cincinnati Times; Whitney, of the Chicago Republic
Rapp, of the St. Louis Disp tch ; Colonel Grosvenor, of
the Democrat; and Fayel, of the Republic -n, all taking
notes; and if they show their accustomed enterprise,
6,000,000 people will read these iron mountain ideas.
(Applause.) But to the
1. The entire destruction of the rottenest institution
that ever disgraced any countrythe democratic party.
(Loud applause and roars of laughter at this unexpected
Senator Creswell That is enough to balance the
2. The entire destruction ot the party-that has filled
its mission and disgraced itself in its victory by striking
the South while it was down, and unseemly squabbles
among its leaders tor the spoils. (Cries of No, and
applauses from the conservatives.)
TrainWell, if not quite dead, your July session of
Congress is sure to burst it.
3. The wiping out of two words which grew into ideas
secession and abolition. (Applause.)
4 The fact made public that America in her grandeur
could reduce one million of an army to fifty thousand;
and one thousand war ships to fifty, in sixty days. (Loud
5. The publication that America possessed three mil-
lion square miles of homestead tor all mankind, and had
no latch-key on the nations door. (Lond applause.)
6. The startling fact demonstrated that we can hitch
on a hawser to Liverpool and tow over the entire popu-
lation in emigration in a single year, a dozen Hamburgs
and Bremens thrown in. (Applause.)
7. The advertisement to the world that Columbus was
'right about the short road to India, and that America
could build, while battle-fields were red with blood, a
great railway across this empire(loud cheers)making
these words of mine, spoken at Omaha, the great central
city, proverbial Paris to Pekin in thirty days! Two
ocean ferry-boats and a continental railway! Passengers
for China t.hia -way I (Loud cheers.)
Yes, gentlemen, said Mr. Train, when the world dis-
covers that I have been making money instead of making
speeches, and that the grandest institution ol this or
any other nationthe Credit Mobitier, the Credit Fonder,
and the Pacific Railwaywere organized over my table
(loud cheers), they will find some better term for a man
who succeeds than that of calling him a----fool or a
lunatic. (Applause.) Instead of coining down on this
excursion to lose time in picnicking, I am down here to
look after my interests in this Kansas and Union Pgciflc
Railway; to collect some $300,U00 due me, which Mr.
Greeley, Mr. Perry and Mr. McPherson promise to at-
tend to. (Applause.) When I started out in life travel
was my idolthe world doubted. Then I tried knowl-
edge; I got no praise. Then booksthey ridiculed.
Then languages; they sneered. Then patriotismthey
cheered first, then knocked me down in Boston, shot at
me in Davenport, arrested me in St. Louis, and tried to
assassinate me in Alton. But in 6pite of this I have
kept my independence and individuality. (Loud ap-
plause.) I asked the world what it wanted; it replied
money. I have made it, and am now devoting myself to
that, simply out of contempt for the opinions of men.
No more softening of the brain, but hardening of the
heart. (Laughter.) When I go into the political line I
shall strike right and left, and shall ask the people
whether they are willing to tax themselves $10,000,000,-
000 to cancel the debt in thirty years in order to pay
European bondholders and New Engjand contractors; or
whether they will insist on changing our $2,600,000,000
bonds into $2,500,000,000 of greenbacks. (Sensation.)
Let the cry go forth, Down with specie payments and
up with the greenback age I (Applause and hisses.)
Ex-Gov. Charles Robinson, in a recent letter
to a friend in this city, says they have not yet
announced the official vote in Kansas, but
enough is known to claim about 9,000 for wo-
Thirty Fenian Centres, St. Patrick Chiefs,
Hibemiam Chaivmen, and Father Matthew So-
cieties invited Geo. Francis Train to address
them January 31st, at the Brooklyn Academy,
for the benefit of the Manchester martyrs, bnt
as Mr. Train is bounding over the billows to
Irelandartd perfidious Albion, other arrange-
ments had to be madeJohn Mitchell agreeing
to deliver the lecture and John Savage. Presi-
dent Fenian Brotherhood, in the Chair. The
following correspondence speaks for itself:
Brooklyn, Dec. 25, 1867.
Geo. Francis TrainDear Sir: While speaking all.
over America, rousing up public sentiment for our Irish
American citizens in Ireland, disfranchised by the apa-
athy of our government after fighting for its flag on
every battle-field, we now request.you to speak for the
families of OBrien, Larkin and Allen, those martyrs of
You must not forget your old Brooklyn friends. We
have all read your manly, eloquent address on Ireland
for the benefit of noble Warrens family, and \vc feel as-
sured you will not refuse us. All Irish societies in Brook-
lyn unite in this requestHibernian, Fenian, and Fa-
ther Matthew, and other Irish Societies of Brooklyn.
Patrick Walsh, John Duff, and others.
138K Madison Ave., New York.
Dear Fenians, Father Matthews & Hibernians :
Up with the flag! Overboard the tea l Down with the
Stamp Act I No Boston Port Bill 1 And out with the
Irish Declaration of Independence 1 Victory is looming
The patient dint and powder shock
Can blast an Empire like a rock.
Every Irishman killed by England is only seed planted
fer Irelands freedom. The Pilot, the Irish People, the
Citizen, the Buffalo Fenian Volunteer and the Phxladel-
phi v, are all ringing the bells and finng guns for Irish
nationality. I say yes, with a cheer for Ireland. Turn
out the boys and let us show Plymouth Church, Irish-
men have rights as well as negroes. Yours,
George Francis Train.
On Board the Scotia, 1
Wednesday, Jan. 8,1868.)
John Duff, Patrick Walsh, and the Irish Committee:
Academy Music, Brooklyn:
Say good-bye to the Irish boys; am off for Europe to-
day m the Scotia. What a shame that we have no American
Steamships on the Atlantic I Obliged to break up all my
lecture appointmentsWaltham, 10th, Cambridge Cath-
olic Children Benefit, 11th, and your great demonstra-
tion in the Academy, 31st. But you will have a great
treat. Mitchell will electrify you, Savage will rouse you
into cheers, Roberts will bring down the house with ap-
plause for Ireland. Either of them could fill the house
without me. Tell the boys that I may drop in to Dublin
and shall try to see Meany and liberate our braves. They
are citizens or our government is a sham. Have Irishmen
no laws America is bound to respect? Our cry should be
Buy Ireland for Alabama Claims or fight 1 Release
oue Citizens or War 1 My Tremont Temple speech for
Warrens family, in Boston Pilot, is being copied all
through the South. Read my speech in Wall street to
the Brokers in to days World. That will be tbe policy
of the nation. Anybody can tell what has happened
few what will happen. My downfall of Fngland speech,
in 1862, before the St. Patrick societies of London, fore-
shadowed the coming Revolution. When I return I
will keep my promise and speak for Ireland in the Acad-
emy. You and Dunn will do a big thing for the Man-
chester martyrs, and Mitchell will give you a better.
speech than I could, tor he is chief of Forty-eight!
Every Irishman should read Savages great book on
the Fenian heroes, published by Donahoe.
Sincerely, Gzo. Francis Train.
Increase op Disaster in Travel.The fre-
quency of frightful accidents, both by land and
water travel, is frequent subject of remark, both
public and private. But the answer often, if
not generally is, that disasters increase only as
travel increases, and so little inquiry, compara-
tively, is instituted on the subject. But of lake
disasters, the Detroit Post says the total num-
ber far exceeds any former year. Instances of
vessels having grounded at various points where
the expense of getting off has varied from $10
to $50, and numbering ninety-four cases, being
secondary in importance, have been purposely
omitted, and with those recited, swell the grand
total of disasters for the season 1867 to 931.
Seven propellers have been lost, while twenty-
three grain vessels have passed out of existence,
to which may be added thirty more which were
engaged exclusively in the lumber trade. Fif-
teen vessels engaged in the grain traffic the past
year have been condemned, and unless rebuilt
will have to fell back to the stave or lumber
freighting. The following aggregates are given
for the years named:
Total number of disasters in 1860...................277
Total number of disasters in 1861...................276
Total number of disasters in 1862...................200
Total number pf disasters in 1863.............:.....300
Total number of disasters in 1864...................329
Total number of disasters in 1865...................421
Total number of disasters in 1866...................621
Total number oi disasters in 1867...................931
REPORT 02? THE ENFRANCHISEMENT
\ OF WOMAN.
The following well-considered report on wo-
mans enfranchisement was presented by the
Committee on Constitutional amendments to
the Legislature of Connecticut at its last
Tbe undersigned members of the committee believe
that the prayer of the petitioners ought to be granted.
It would be much easier for us to reject the petition and
silently to acquiesce in the opinions of tho majority
upon the subject to which it relates, but our attention
was challenged, and an investigation invited by the bold
axioms upon which the cause of suffrage for woman
was claimed to rest, and the more we havo examined the
subject the more convinced we-have become that the
logic of our institutions requires a concession of that
It is claimed by some that the right to vote is not a
natural right, but that it is a privilege which some have
acquired, and which may be granted to others at the op-
tion oi the fortunate holders. But they fail to inform
us how the possessor first acquired the privilege, and
especially how they acquired the rightful power to with-
hold that privilege from others, according to the caprice
or notions of expediency. We hold this doctrine to be
pernicious in tendency, and hostile to the spirit of a
republican government; and we believe tbat it can only
be justified by the same arguments tbat are used to jus-
tify slavery or monarchyior it is an obvious deduction
of logio that if one thousand persons have a right to
govern another thousand without their consent, one
man has a right to govern all.
Mr. Lincoln tersely said, If slavery is not wrong,
nothing is wrong. So it seems to us, to at if the right
to vote is not a natural right, there is no such thing as a
natural right in human relations. The right to freedom
and the right to a ballot both spring from the same
source. The right to vote is only the rightto a legiti-
mate use of freedom. It is plain that if a man is not
free to govern himself, and to have a voice in the tax-
ation of his own property, he is not really free in any
enlightened sense. Even Edward I. of England said,
It is a most equitable rule that what concerns all
should be approved by all. This must rightfully apply
to women tho same as to men. And Locke., in his essay
on civil government, said, Nothing is more evident
than that creatures ol the same species and rank, pro-
misoulouely borne to the same advantages of nature,
and the use of the same faculties, should also be equal,
one amongst another, without subordination or subjec-
tion. Tade^ rand said, as an argument for monarchy,
.The moment we reject an absolutely universal suf-
frage, we admit the principle of aristocracy. The
founders of this nation asserted with great emphasis and
every variety of repetition, the essential equality of hu-
man righ ts as a selfrevident truth. The war of the Revo-
lution was justified by the maxim, Taxation without
representation is tyranny; and all republics vindicate
their existence by the claim that Governments derive
their just power from the consent of the governed."
Yet woman, in Connecticut, is governed without her
consent, and taxed without being represented.
Ohief-Justioe Pratt, one of Englands ablest jurists,
long ago declared, My position is thistaxation aDd
representation are Inseparable. The position is founded
in a law of naturenay more, it is itself an eternal law of
nature. Our forefathers held to this principle, and
fought seven years to establish it. They maintained
tlieir favorite theory of government against immense
odds, and transmitted to their posterity the great work
of putting it, logically, into practice. It is acknowl-
edged by this legislature, that taxation without re-
presentation is tyranny, and that governments de-
rive their just power from the consent of the governed,
if these phrases are anything more than the meaning-
less utterance of demagogues, anything more than 'the
hypocritical apologies of rebellious colonies in a strait
then we submit that a prima facie case for woman's
right to vote has already been made out.
To declare that a voice in the government is the right of
all, and then give it to less than halÂ£ and that the frac-
tion to which the theorist himself happens to belong, is
to renounce even the appearance of principle.
It is plain to your commitree that neither the State nor
the nation can have peace on this suffrage question until
some fair standard shall be adopted which is not based
on religion, or color, or sex, or any accident of birtha
test which shall be applicable to every adult human be-
ing. In a Republic the ballot belongs to every intelli-
gent, adult person who is innocent of crime. There is
an obvious and sufficient reason for excluding minors,
State prison convicts, imbeciles and insane persons, but
does the public safety require that we shall place the
women of Connecticut with infants, criminals, idiots
and lunatics ? Do they deserve the classification ?
It seems to your committee that to enfranchise woman
or rather to cease to deprive her of the ballot, which is
of right hers, would be reciprocally beneficial. We be-
lieve that it would elevato the character of our office
holders; it would purify our politics; that it would ren-
der our laws more equitable; that it would give to wo-
man a protection against half the perils which now beset
her; that it would put into her hands a key that would
unlock the door of every respectable occupation and
profession; that it would insure a reconstruction of our
statute laws on the basis of justice, so that a woman
should have a right |to her own children, and a right to
receive and ergoy the proceeds of her own labor.
John Neal estimates that the ballot is worthfifty cents
a day to every American laborer, enabling each man to
command that much higher wages. Does not gentle-
manly courtesy, as well as equal justice require that this
weapon of detense shall be given to those thousands of
working women among us who are going down to pros-
titution through three or four half-paid, over-crowded
It is said that woman is now represented by her hus-
band, when she has one; but what is this representation
worth, when in Connecticut, two years ago, all of the
married womens personal property became absolutely
her husbands, including even her bridal presents, to
sell or give away, as he saw fita statute which still pre-
vails iu most of the States. What is that representation
worth when even now, in this State, no married woman
has the right to the use of her own property, and no wo-
man, even a widow, is the natural guardian of her own
children ? Even in Connecticut, under man's represen-
tation, a widow whose husband dies without a will, is re-
garded by law as an encumbrance op the estate which
she, through years of drudgery, has helped to acquire.
She can inherit none of the houses or land, but has
merely the use of one-third, while the balance goes to
his relativesrich, perhaps, and'persons whom she
never saw. Does not this suggest reasons why woman
should wish to represent herself?
It is said that women do not desire the ballot. This,
we submit, is a mere guess, and is by no means certain.
It can be ascertained only by taking a vote. It is not
proved by the fact that they have not yet generally
clamored for the right, nor by the fact that some protest
In Persia, it is a law of society that virtuous women
shall appear in public with their faces covered, and in-
stead of murmuring at the restraint, they are universal
in upholding it, and wonder at the immodesty and
effrontery of English women who appear upon the
streets unveiled. Custom hardens us to any sort of
When woman was not admitted to the dinner table as
an equal with man, she undoubtedly thought the ex-
clusion was perfectly proper, and quite in the nature of
things, and the dinner table became vile and obscene.
When sbe was forbidden to enter the church, she ap~
proved the arrangement, and the church became a scene
of hilarity and bacchanalian revel. When she was for-
bidden to take part in literature, she thought it was not
her sphere, and disdained the alphabet, and the conse-
quence was that literature became unspeakably impure,
so that no man can now read in public some of those
books that were written before woman brought chastity
and refinement into letters. The Asiatics are probably
not in favor of political liberty, or the American In-
dians in favor of civilization; but that does not prove
that these would be bad for them, especially if thousands
of the most enlightened did desire and demand the
change. It is assumed that women are not in favor of
this right; how can this be better ascertained than by
submitting to them the question to vote uponyes
If this Legislature shall be averse to trusting woman
to give her opinion even on the question of her own en-
franchisement, we recommend that an amendment,
striking the word male from the State constitution,
be submitted to the qualified electors of the State. Can
there be any possible danger in trusting those who have
trusted us? They, not we, are the law-makers. An
assmbly is elected only because it would be inconve-
nient for all tiie citizens to vote upon every statute. But
when any change in the fundamental law is seriously
asked, it should be remitted to the people without hesi-
tation, especially when that proposed change will render
our logic consistent, and our institutions harmonious;
when it will enforce the democratic doctrine that, in so-
ciety, every human being has a right to do anything
which does not interfere with the rights of others; and
when it will establish equity in the place of partiality,
and vindicate the principle of All Rights for All.
We therefore recommend the adoption of the follow-
At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut-
holden at Hartford, in said State, on the first Wednes-
day of May, in year of onr Lord one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-seven :
Resolved by the House of Representatives, That the
following be proposed as an amendment to the Consti-
tution of this State, which, when approved and adopted,
n the manner provided by the Constitution, shall, to all
intents and purposes, become a part thereof, viz.:
Every citizen of the United States, who shall have at-
tained the age of twenty-one years, who shall have re-
sided in this State for a term of one year next preced-
ing, and in the town in which he or she may so offer
himself or herself to he admitted to the privileges of an
elector, at least six months next proceeding the time at
which he or she may so offer himself or herself, and
shall be able to read any article of the Constitution, or
any section of the Statutes of this State, and shall sus
tain a good moral character, shall, on taking such oath,
as may he subscribed by law, became an el< ctor.
Resolved, That the foregoing proposed amendment to
the Constitution be continued to' the next session of the
General Assembly, and be published with the laws passed
at the present session.
J. D. Gallup, 2d.,
From the Com. on Constitution Amendments.
Whose is the Fault.Maj.-Gcn. Hallecks
instructions to Gen. Jefferson 0. Davis, com-
mander of the military district of Alaska, are
very foil and particular in relation to the treat-
ment of the Indians in that district. His reasons
for this are found in the great number of In-
dians in that territory, and in the fact that all
our governmental experience with the Indians
hitherto has been so unfortunate. The whole
number of Indians in Alaska is supposed to be
about 50,000, some of whom have the reputation
of being warlike and treacherous. Gen. HaUeck,
therefore, enjoins great caution, but strict jus-
tice, and great care and kindness towards them.
He notices the striking fact that the Eussians
have had very little trouble with these Indians,
and what they have had, has been with those
nearest the white settlements ; and that Eussian
officials and traders have been able to travel
fearlessly over the territory without molestation.
He also alludes to the equally striking fact, that
the British have occupied a contiguous territory,
larger than the whole United States, and con-
taining more uncivilized Indians, and have car-
ried on trade with the most remote tribe, and
yet have never had any wars or outbreaks with
the Indians ; while the people of the United
States and their Indians have been in almost
continual hostility for a long period. The un-
avoidable inference is, that the fault is with the
Americans; and against this, the commanding
general of the Military Division of the Pacific
takes special pams to warn his subordinate,
who now enters on a new territory, largely oc-
cupied by Indians who have heretofore shown
themselves friendly to the whites.
BOGUS ASSOCIATED PRESS CABLE DIS-
This is a sample of the sensation dispatches
purported to have been sent over the cable,
the object being to injure the Irish cause. One
hundred and thirty-three words of verbiage,
l ead it:
London, January 2, Noon.
Dispatches have been received here to-day, giving the
particulars of another Fenian outrage last night in the
county of Cork, and near the city of that name. Under
cover of darkness, a large party of the Brotherhood
attacked the house of Mr. Charles Matthew, a brother of
the late Father Matthew. Happily, the family of Mr.
Matthew was apprised of the vdlanous scheme of the
Fenians in ample time to successfully repel the attack.
A large force was quickly collected and concealod in
the mansion and on the premises. When the marau-
ders came up they were met with a galling fire, and in-
continently fled. Several were wounded, hut they were
carried off by their comrades. The motive for the assault,
whether murder or plunder, is not known.
Is it likely that this dispatch came ? 'Would
all these associated press papers pay half a guinea
for every word? If so, would they not have
made sense by abbreviating thus :
London, January 2.
Another Fenian outrage was reported la9t night near
Cork, where a marauding party, either for plunder or
murder, attacked the house of the brother of Father
Matthew, but the family having been notified, fortified
the house, fired into the villains, wounding several, who
were carried off.
Here are but forty-six words, one-third the
expense. This dispatch, like most of them,
is probably bogus. Would newspapers pay
for one hundred and thirty-three words for what
can be better said in forty-six? Is the swindle
on the Fenians, or on the public ? Do these
dispatches really come over the wires, or are
they manufactured here? Truth and fair deal-
ing would be Eevolution.
We clip the following from one of our ex-
Mrs. Susan H. Thorn, of Carlisle, Pa., who died a
few days ago, left a will, in which she makes specific Re-
quests to various religious and benevolent objects, in
the aggregate amounting to $21,500. Princeton Theo-
logioal Seminary and the Theological Seminary at Get-
tysburg each receive $2,500.
What is the reason women are constantly
leaving large bequests to the very institutions
that steadfastly close their doors against all the
daughters of the land? Years ago, i women
formed sewing societies to educate jioor but
pious young men for the ministry, while the
graduates would invariably present their first
sermons, to their benefactors, from the text,
Wives, obey your Husbands. The ballot is
the first step towards a proper sell-respect.
Lord and Lady Amberley, of England, have
been travelling in this country for the last few
months, visiting all our reformers. Lord Am -
berley was one of the seventy-three who voted
in favor of John Stuart Mills bill for womans
suffrage, in the House of Commons in May last.
The Lord is a young man, the son of Earl Eus-
sell, and both he and his wife are understood
to be very radical in their ideas. They sailed
for Europe a few days since.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, \ WH4fftvs
PARKER FIIiliSBURY, } Etllt01S
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, JANUARY 15, 1868.
WEO ARE OTTR FRIENDS?
Since turning our faces eastward from Kan-
sas we have been asked many times why we
affiliated with Democrats there, and why Mr.
Train was on our platform. Mr. Train is
there for the same reason, that when invited by
the Womens Suffrage Association of St.
Louis, he went to Kansas, because he believes
in the enfranchisement of woman, not as a sen-
timental theory, a mere Utopia for smooth
speech and a golden age, but a practical idea, to
be pushed and realized to-day. Mr. Train is a
buisness man, builds houses, hotels, railroads,
cities, and accomplishes whatever he under-
takes. When he proposes to build up a na-
tional party on educated suffrage, paid labor,
American industry and greenbacks, those who
know his moral probity of character and great
executive ability, believe he will do all that is
possible towards its accomplishment Though
many of the leading minds of this country have
advocated womans enfranchisement for the last
twenty years, it has been more as on intellectual
theory than a fact of life, hence none of our
many friends were ready to help in the practical
work of the last few months, neither in Kansas
or the Constitutional Convention of New York.
So far from giving us a helping hand, Republi-
cans and Abolitionists, by their false philosophy
that the safety of the nation demand ignorance
rather than education at the pollshave para-
lized the women themselves.
To what a depth of degradation must the wo-
men of this nation have fallen to be willing to
stand aside, silent and indifferent spectators in
the reconstruction of the nation, while all the
lower stratas of manhood are to legislate in their
interests, political, religious, educational, social
and sanitary, moulding to their untutored will
the institutions of a mighty continent. Why
wonder that the workers in our cause turned
from their theoretical friends to the Democrats
in Kansas, who gave us their votes. The party
ort of power is always in a position to carrry
principles to their logical conclusions, while the
party in power, thinks only of what it can afford
to do; hence, you can reason with minorities,
while majorities are moved only by votes. We
are indebted to the Democratic party for all the
agitation we have had on this question for the
last four years. To a Democratic Senator from
Pennsylvania, Mr. Cowan, we owe the three
days discussion on this question in the Senate
of the United States; and to James Brooks in
the House for the skillful manner in which he
drew public attention to our petitions against
the introduction of the word male into the
Federal constitution. To the same party our
thanks are due for the agitation in many of the
State Legislatures, and for liberal donations,
and for franking our documents to every part of
While leading Democrats have been thus fa-
vorably disposed, what have our best friends
said when, for the first time since the agitation
of the question, they have had an opportunity
to frame their ideas into statutes to amend the
constitutions of two States in the Union.
Charles Sumner, Horace Greeley, Gerrit
Smith and Wendell Phillips, with one consent,
bid the women of the nation stand aside and
behold the salvation of the negro. Wendell
Phillips says, one idea for a generation, to
come up in the order of their importance.
First negro suffrage, then temperance, then the
eight hour movement, then womans suffrage.
In 1958, three generations hence, thirty years to
a generation, Phillips and Providence permit-
ing, womans suffrage will be in order. What
an insult to the women who have labored
thirty years for the emancipation of the slave,
now when he is their political equal, to propose
to lift him above their heads. Gerrit Smith,
forgetting that our great American idea is in-
dividual rights, in which abolitionists have
ever based thsir strongest arguments for eman-
cipation, says, this is the time to settle the
rights of races; unless we do justice to the
negro we shall bring down on ourselves another
bloody revolution, another four years war, hut
we have nothing to fear from woman, she will
not revenge herself! Woman not revenge her-
self! Look at your asylums for the deaf, the
dumb, the blind, the insane, and there behold
the results of this wholesale desecration of the
mothers of the race! Woman not revenge her-
self! Go into the streets/of your cities at the
midnight hour, and there behold those whom
God meant to be Queens in the moral universe,
giving your sons and mine their first lessons in
infamy and vice. No, you cannot wrong the
humblest of Gods creatures without making
discord and confusion in the whole social sys-
Horace Greeley has advocated this cause for
the last twenty years, but to-day it is too new,
revolutionary for practical consideration. The
enfranchisement of woman, revolutionizing, as
it will, our political, religious and social con-
dition, is not a measure too radical and all-per-
vading to meet the moral necessities of this day
Why fear new things; all old things were once
new. If the nineteenth century is to be gov-
erned by the eightheenth, and the twentieth by
the nineteenth, and so on, do you not see that
the world must ever be governed by dead men ?
Are the creeds, and codes, and customs of those
who are buried beneath the sod of any import-
ance, compared with your opinions and mine,
on the vital issues of the hour in which we live?
Progress is the law of life. We live to do new
things! When Abraham Lincoln issued the
proclamation of emancipation, it was a new
thing. When the Republican party gave the
ballot to the negro, it "was a new thing, start-
ling too, to the people of the South, very revo-
lutionary in their institutions, but Mr. Greeley
did not object to all this because it was new.
The reasoning of these gentlemen may he,
as Weed said of Morgan, good enough to answer
their purpose till after the Presidential election,
but we see the cheat. We have a right to ask
more substantial reasons from wise men for their
When it was proposed in Congress to amend
the Federal Constitution by introducing the
word male, a protest was sent to Charles
Sumner, from the strong-minded women of the
nation, headed by Lydia Maria Child. He rose
in his place and said, I present this petition
because it is my duty, but I consider it most in-
opportune. Would it have been more oppor-
tune after the deed was done, than while the
amendment was under consideration ? I
And now, while men like these have used all
their influenoe for the last four years, to paralyze
every effort we have put forth to rouse the wo-
men of the nation, to demand their true position
in the reconstruction, they triumphantly turn
to us, and say the greatest barrier in the way of
your demand is that the women themselves
do not wish to vote. What a Hbel on the intelli-
gence of the women of the nineteenth century.
What means the 12,000 petitions presented by
John Stuart Mill in the British Parliament from
the first women in England, demanding house
hold suffrage ? What means the late inaction
Kansas, 10,000 women petitioned there for the
right of suffrage, and 9,000 votes at the last elec-
tion was the answer. What means the agitation
in every State in the Union? In the very hour
when Horace Greeley brought in his adverse re-
port in the Constitutional Convention of New
York, at least twenty members rose in their
places and presented petitions from every part
of the State, demanding womans suffrage.
What means that eloquent speech of George W.
Curtis in the Convention^ but to show that the
ablest minds in the State are ready for this on-
ward step ? We return from the West with re-
newed determination to'give the men of this
j3tate no rest until they blot the word male
from our Constitution. New York has taken
the lead in her legislation for woman during the
last twenty years, and it is fitting that she should
he the first State in the Union to give her
daughters the crowning right of citizenship.
TEE NEW YORK TIMES ON TEE REVO-
THE TIMES EXPLAINS WHAT IS MEANT BY PRINCI-
The Elions of the Mincio and sympathies of
youth were never more jumbled together than
the Times editorial on The Revolution. The
article must have been written late at night,
after another social talk with Johnson. It
That the World, Herald, Sun and Tribune, the Post, Com-
mercial pad Express, will not be so silly as to fall foul of
The Revolution, and abuse what they may find them-
salves unable to endure.
After this caution, and denouncing its Motto
as meaningless, foolish, and otherwise berating
The Revolution. It adds:
At the opening of the journal a list is given of the
things it will advocate; but matters are so mixed up,
opposites are so confounded, similarities are so confused
and distorted, incongruities are so delightfully jumbled,
and there is such a strange mixture of thick and thin,
that those accustomed to accuracy of thought and fond
of logical statement will feel compelled to admit that it
would be as mad for any one to miter the arena of argu-
ment as that of vituperation with the revolutionary ad-
vocates of womans rights.
All this from the lucid, clear, consistent,
positive, straightforward, never-doubting, ne-
ver-standing-on-the-fence editor of the Times.
A great many people seem, to have a notion thatpolicy is
one of the most horrible things in the world ; and as for expe-
diency, it is a pure invention of the devil in his ioorst mood.
Exactly. At the Johnsonian Convention this
editor must have been in his very worst mood,
and his temper has been very acid ever since by
the daily falling off of subscribers, and loss of
advertising patronage, for basely deserting his
party and friends. It is said that the World
increases as the Times decreases, but it may
not he expedient for us to say so ; or policy to
remind one of falling fortunes.
If the editors of The Revolution will take the pains
to find out something concerning the most efficient
mode of applying that extraordinary entity called princi-
ple, which they praise so hotly, they may at last discover
that it would be as wise to abuse the road which leads to
Jericho, when they wish to go there, as it is to abuse
policy when they desire to reach principle.
This is too rich. H. S. R. explaining the
meaning of Principle and Policy! We do not
wish particularly to see the editor, and hence
shall not go to Jericho. After his two-horse
ride into Congress, and more quickly out; after
his two-horse riding into the Philadelphia Con-
vention, and as quickly out, whoever expected
to see the elegant, fascinating editor of the
Times crawling back into the Bepublican circus
under the tent ? How are the mighty fallen!
The Times sneers at us,
We have no doubt that the ladieswe suppose they would
prefer to he styled women, etc.
We have no doubt that the gentlemenwe
suppose they would prefer to be styled men
will think it undignified to fire back after an
ungenerous attack on The Revolution. We
expected at least a friendly word for the first
public journal ever devoted to the interests of
woman, but the Times greets us with scoffs and
Justice, not favors, is quite as empty nonsense.
Isifc? May not a favor be just? Justso.
Take a woman's smile, for example. May it not be a
favor to the wretch she smiles upon ? [Of course it is,
and by all means please so consider it in this case,] as
well as an act of beautiful justice in the giver of the
Ho doubt. You are right. We smile upon
you; that does you simple justice, ample jus-
tice, perhaps. We, however, thank you. That
is more than you should expect. We thank
you for explaining to your readers (though we
trust they have not all read the Times so long
and so badly as to need it) the meaning of the
words Expediency, Principle and Policy.
The Revolution has had no Favors from
Mr. Seward. Has the Times received nothing
TEE DEGRADATION OF WOMAN.
Although it is patent to all, that the ballot is
self-respect, bread, work and wages for every
shade of mankind, yet men coolly look woman
in the face and remark, We cannot see how
the ballot would change anything in life for
you. Which is, simply to say, that the laws
of political economy have no bearing whatever
on the women of a- nation. There are some
propositions so self-evident that it is hard to
prove^ them. That the ballot would dignify
woman as well as man is one of them. If we
find woman degraded by the same conditions
man is, is it not logical to infer that she would
be exalted by the same conditions? If deprived
of the ballot, she suffers the same disadvantages
he does; would she not reap the same advanta-
ges in its possession ? If the law of gravitation
brings men and women alike to the ground, is
it not fair to infer that it will take a like power
to bring them up again ?
Let us look at the condition of women in dis-
franchisement and measure the depth of their
degradation; that they do not see it themselves
only shows how low they are fallen. The com-
placent sneers of the weak and thoughtless
at the strong-minded women who are trying
to rouse them from their lethargy of death, re-
minds one of what Miss Martineau tells us of
the pitiful self-satisfaction of the Turkish
women, in contrasting their own condition with
that of the women of more civilized countries.
In one of her visits to the Harem, The in-
mates asked her many questions about English
and American life. Miss Martineau told them
of the freedom with which women in those
countries travel alone, walking and driving
about the streets without veils or masks; talk-
ing to men on all subjects of political and re-
ligious interest; going to lectures, operas,
churches, everywhere together. They listened
attentively, apparently filled with surprise and
sorrow at our condition ; and when she had
finished they exclaimed, Poor things, how de-
moralized they must be! That American
women do not realize their political degradation
does not make it less a fact to-day. The true
woman sees it, feels it in the very air she
breathes, in the words of every man she meets,
in every book and newspaper she reads, in the
public sentimeut of contempt for woman she
hears at every turn, in the stereotyped sneers,
theres womans work for you, thats a
womans judgment, thats a womans way/
thats a womans blunder, as if all incapacity
and inefficiency were of the feminine gender.
Male dolts, mules and cowards are uniformly
called Dame Partingtons, Miss Nancys,
and Old Grannys, as if nothing ignoble, nar-
row or weak could be of the masculine gender!
Yet the very inen who use these phrases, at the
mention of womans rights, go into raptures
at once over the glory of womanhood, too
ethereal and exalted to come down to the polls.
Ah! when women have the power to vote men
in their places, theyll learn new phrases for
their peers, just as they learned to spell ne-
gro with one g, as soon as black men were
free and held the ballot.
We talk of the exaltation of women, of the
holy office of wife and mother, of her lofty isola-
tion in the clouds where men worship in their
sentimental moments; the subject of the novel-
ist, the poet, the sculptor and painter. But
what are the facts ofjlifewhere are the living,
breathing, every day women who eat, and drink,
and work, and starve, and die ? In the consti-
tutions of the several States, these exalted
beings are ranked with idiots, lunatics, crimi-
nals, paupers, with those who fight duels and
bet on elections, with rebels, minors and ne-
groes. In your statutes a republican queen is
known as femme covert, femme sole,
relict, spinster, her possessions are ap-
pendages, jointures, pin money, para-
phernalia, widows dower, widows en-
cumbrance, ad interim alimony, her con-
dition is sub potestate viri. Husband and
wife one, that one the husband.
Shakspeare, in his Taming of the Shrew,
serves up, with bitter irony, the old English
law in its contempt for women : his Petruchio
reflects the sentiments of our own times when
he says of his Kate,
** I will be master of what is mine own ;
She is my goods, my chattels, she is my house.
My household stuff, my field, my bam,
My horse, my ox, my ass, my anything ;
And here she stands, touch her whoever dare ;
Ill bring my action on the proudest he
That stops my way in Padua.
The law-giver of sacred history places woman
in a similar category,
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbors wife, nor his
man-servant, nor maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass,
nor anything that is thy neighbors.
The Mahometans forbid a fool, a madman, or
a woman to call the hour for prayers. This in-
vidious classification of woman everywhere
works a double wrongit degrades her in her
own estimation, and in that of the man by her
By the laws of many of the States, women
are helpless victims of force and fraud. Stripped
of their earnings, children, property; crimes
made for women that are not crimes for men ;
dragged into the courts, tried, condemned, im-
prisoned, hung. Judges, jurors, lawyersall
men. Woman has never yet enjoyed the right
of trial by a jury of her own peers ; taxed with-
out representation, governed without her con-
sent, is not her political degradation the same
as the peasant serf and slave endure ? The
laws for married women to-day in many of the
States run parallel with the old slave code of the
South. This degradation of woman in the con-
stitutions, statutes and literature of the country
are hard facts to be disposed of by those who,
like J. G. Holland, prate of her exaltation. This
political degradation is not a mere idea, as
some suppose, having no practical results, but
the very keystone of all the wrongs and oppres-
sions of woman in every department of life.
Look in the world of work. In trade and com-
merce a disfranchised class are outlaws, Ish-
maelites. Credit and capital are to them im-
possiblehence women are crowded out of all
the profitable and honorable employments with
no choice in life but a marriage of necessity,
prostitution, or starvation. The capitalist is, to-
day, using the cheap labor of woman to grind
to powder the man by her side, thus violating
the laws of nature by creating an antagonism
between man and woman, where, in the nature
of things no real antagonism exists. A dis-
franchised class degrades and cheapens every
branch of labor it enters. Just as slave la-
bor crowded free labor out of the Southern
States, so will the cheap labor of woman crowd
man out of every employment she enters, hence
ifc is the interest of the laboring man to dignify
the woman by bis sideto give her the ballot,
that when she strikes for higher wages, capital-
ists and politicians, knowing that the discontent
of woman, too, can find expression at the ballot-
box, will take heed to a strike that has a vote
behind it. In those factories where men work
beside women, they work more hours than
where men work alone. A disfranchised class
degrades those who labor by their side. You
find in all those employments where, through
the selfishness of capital, women are fast taking
the places of men, that they do the work at one-
half the price. A disfranchised class cheapens
whatever labor it touches. The employments
of women are uniformly considered degrading
for menhence the tailor, the man milliner,
the hair dresser and cook are sneered at. When
girls first went into the printing offices of New
York and Philadelphia to set type, the men
threw down their type and walked off. It was
not because they were women, but the instincts
of labor warned them of the danger of working
beside a degraded class.
What is the reason that to-day a large majority
of the teachers in all our schools are women? Is
it because women are better teachers than men?
Not at allsimply because they teach at half-
price. And what is the reason that so few able
and ambitious men are found in that most impor-
tant of all professionsthe educators of a nation ?
There is but one reasonwoman, by her cheap,
labor, has driven man out and degraded that
profession. It needs but little philosophy to
see that it is the interest of all classes to dignify
the labor of woman; for unless man lifts her up,
by her helpless position, she pulls him down.
The ballot, in the world of work is her only
shield and protection. The negro, without the
ballot could not work in a ship-yard or sit in a
stage-coach with a white man; with it he is
conductor on the railroad, sits in the legislature
of Massachusetts, beside Gov. Orr in a politicul
convention and in the jury-box to try Jeff.
Davis. Woman, without the ballot, has no
place by mans side in the profitable and honor-
able work of life ; her opinions are sneered at,
her petitions scorned in the Senate, but crowned
with all the rights of citizenship she would dig-
nify every employment she entered, ennoble
whatever she touched; she would have a place
in trade, commerce and the professions, she
would not only be school teacher, but trustee,
commissioner, superintendent, principal profes-
sor, president, and vote her own salary in pro-
portion to her work. e. c. s.
blessing to both teachers and scholars. We
urge you, gentlemen, to consider this point at
the earliest moment Instead of paying taxes
to build houses and lay out grounds for idiots,
lunatics, paupers and criminals, it would be
better to make our homes and schools what
they should be, and thus, by a wise observance
of the laws of life and health, end all this misery
and imbecility mid crime that meet us on every
side. With a knowledge of science, we are
soon to make as great improvements in the hu-
man family as we already see in the lower ani-
mals. With the education of woman comes
As the Board of Education occupy the most
important position in this nation (next to
mothers), we would make some suggestions for
As the negroes already in the army, navy,
jury-box, legislature and constitutional conven-
tions, ask nothing at your hands, and the women,
tired of theorizing reformers, have enlisted
George Francis Tram in their cause, and now
hold the balance of power in one State of the
Union, thus making their political recognition
certain; you need do nothing for them but sub-
scribe for The Revolution. As Congres5 is de-
voting its energies to the whiskey question,
drinking all it can and taxing the rest as lightly
as possible; and Wendell Phillips has hold
of the eight hour movement for you, it is not
necessary to waste your time on any of these
things. We ask your attention to another class
of innocent beings : To those who are teaching
our future presidents at one-half the price
your pay men ; to the multitudes of young
girls in the schools of this city.
Take for example the Twelfth street school,
which is considered your very best in its ar-
rangements. It is crowded to excess, badiy
ventilated, and with no proper accomodations
for exercise; the children are crowded into a
dark, cold, subterranean apartment during their
recess, where (hey have no room to run and
play. Any physiologist, with a grain of sense,
will tell you that it is suicidal for young girls,
nervous and restless as they are, to sit on hard
benches, in an impure atmosphere, with their
attention on the streteh, six long hours with
the shortest possible time allowed them to eat
their lunch. Is it not far more important to ;
teach a child to eat slowly and masticate its
food, than that twice two make four? the ef-
fect of impure air on the braiu, than the lo-
cality of the Fejee Islands? Now, if the Board
of Education were obliged to trundle all the air
for our schools in wheelbarrows from some dis-
tant point, there might be some excuse for this
marvellous economy; but when we remember
that the atmosphere is forty miles deep all
round the globe, there is surely no need of our
children breathing the same air seven times
over. If eight hours are enough for men to
labor, are not four enough for the minds of lit-
tle children to be kept on the stretch ? Go into
any of these schools between two and three
oclock, and you will be struck with the lassitude
of the children. If you say the mass of the
poorer classes of children are better there than
in the street, then let that last horn be devoted
to marching rnd singing, anything but sitting
still, with aching head and backs, from the con-
stant fear and restraint of rigid rules through
six long hours. Could these sessions be short-
ened but one hour, it would be an incalculable
MR EMERSON CN WOMAN.
The mere claim of Woman to a political status is itself
an honorable testimony to the civilization which has
given her a civil status new in History. Now that by the
increased humanity of Law she controls her property,
she inevitably takes the next step to her share in power.
Atlantic Monthly for January.
Since Mr. Emersons Harvard Phi Beta Kap-
pa Address, nine thousand progressive men
voted to enfranchise woman in Kansas. And
now, would he, like Wendell Phillips, postpone
her claims through three generations till colored
male suffrage, temperance mid the eight hour
system are all secured, allowing, as he does,
one idea to a generation ? Or, as did Clarke
and Pomeroy in Kansas, would he desert them
in the very heat of the encounter, after proffer-
ing them beforehand the heartiest co-operation?
TO THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
Geobge Fbanois Train, Elizabeth Cady Stan-
ton, and Susan B. Anthony propose to speak on
educated suffrage in all the chief cities of the
Southern States. Feeling that it would simpli-
fy the problem of reconstruction to place the
ballot in the hands of the educated women of
the South, we desire to lay before them, for
their serious consideration, the whole question
of the enfranchisement of woman in all its bear-
ings on political, religious, and social life. Be-
fore starting, they would like the opinion of the
southern press as to the probable interest of the
people in such a series of conventions from
Washington to New Orleans.
This suffrage is not universal, in that it excludes from
the electoral body, 1. Women ; 2. Minors j 3. Allens;
4. Paupers ; 5. Convicts ; Mala citizens of full age who
have not been ten days (as reported, thirty days) natural-
ized, or have not resided a year in the State and thirty
days in the election district where they may offer to
Women have one more class in their dis-
franchised firmidiots. The Tribune always dis-
cusses race and color, but why silent on sex ?
Are its editors pleased to class their mothers^
sisters, daughters, wives, with paupers, convicts,
idiots and negroes? Once the Tribune had
opinionswhere are they now ?
Mr. George Dawson, in an address at Bir-
mingham, England, recently, said:
Poverty was a blessing ; but it was a bles-
sing to the character, to the spirit, to the soul;
and it must be remembered that no one could
receive the blessing who had not the soul for it;
and thereiore, while the wise man might make
a blessing out of poverty, it was to most men a
curse, a burden, a punishment, a hindrance, a
nuisance, and an infliction. For a nation, pov-
erty was a curse, whatever it might be in indi-
vidual cases, for what did it mean for a nation ?
It meant childhood unblest by birth or by edu-
cation ; it meant womanhood worn down by
early cares and premature sorrows; it meant
manhood toiling, and doing nothing but toiling,
with the imagination down-pressed, the love of
beauty impossible, the man turned into a drudge,
with no time for this lifes beauties, and little
time to think of the next worlds joys ; it meant
all this and more; and therefore, when he
heard a man talking of the blessings of poverty,
he wished that that man might enjoy them.
The Revolution.The first issues of The
Revolution will be scattered with liberal hand.
In its columns all the Industries of the country
are to find voice : all honest, earnest workers in
Agriculture, Mining, Manufacturing, Mechanics;
all school teachers, women as well as men ; all
real contributors to the stock of human well-
being, in whatever department ; and all such
are respectfully invited and entreated to co-op-
erate in making our circulation, and, conse-
quently, our usefulness as wide as possible.
Observe ; Ten Subscribers and Twenty Dollars,
entitle the sender to a copy, gratis.
We beg leave to call the Worlds attention to the
main question. It concerns the right of-lour millions of
our countrymenalmost wholly of the laboring class
to a voice in file government under which they live.
We hold that they should be enfranchisedthat our
State constitutions and laws should (like the Federal
Constitution) know no difference between them and
other citizensthat, since they are taxed, drafted, ar-
rested, indicted, tried, convicted, sentenced, and (if need
be) hung, like other citizens*, they should have an equal
voice with others iu choosing the makers and executors
of the law which so deals with them.Trttune.
Thank you, Mr. Greeley, for pointing the
moral, let me adorn the tale. Please insert the
words eighteen millions in place of four, and
countrywomen in place of countrymen. Then
explain your apostacy at the Albany' Convention,
your inconsistency in the Tribune. Are not the
women taxed, arrested, indicted, tried, convicted,
sentenced and hung (Mrs. Surratt) like other
citizens, and should they not have an equal voice
with others in choosing the makers and executors
of the laws which so deal with them. Are we
women so much below the negroes that our
slavery is not discemable? Will the Tribune
have the magnanimity to explain ?
Bunyan Hall.Dr. Anna Densmore, who is
delivering a course of lectures on Physiology,
in Bunyan Hall, is an able lectuier. She had a
large audience on Saturday, and no doubt will
have throughout the course. She has just re-
turned from London, where she lectured before
the Womans College, and was highly compli-
mented by the press.
It is no secret that the Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, Mr. Disraeli, was indebted in the first
instance to the severest of critics and +he best
of wives for the means of keeping before the
world those appearances without which a dis-
tinguished political position could not have been
attained. Heavily encumbered with pecuniary
obligations, be married the widow of a member
of Parliament. She was rich, but her wealth
was so secured to hersalf that it was difficult to
make it available for benefiting him ; but ex-
treme economy did much, and the legacy of
Â£40,00||^)y an opulent Jewess enabled him to
pay off all mortgages and stand clear. The
splendid London residence, Grosvenor Gate, he
loses at his wifes decease ; but he retains his
country seat, and, even should he lose his offi-
cial income of Â£5,000 a year, he will be entitled
to the retiring pension of Â£2,00 >. The affection
between this singular man and his wife, who is
four years his senior, has been unaffected.
OUR TALENTED COUNTRYMEN IN
While Horace Greeley and his mutual admi-
ration party of woman suffrage theorists are
talking down women in America, our sex counts
six out of twenty American sculptors in Rome:
Mr. Story, Mr. Rheinhardt, Mr. Ives, Mr. Rog-
ers, Mr. Mosier, Mr. Haseltine, Mr. Horatio
Stone, Miss Hosmer, Miss Whitney, Miss Foley,
Miss Lems, Miss Freeman, Miss Stebbins, Mr.
Ball, Mr. Hart, Mr. Mead, Mr. Jackson, Mr.
Powers, Mr. Colby, Mr. Connelly.
Hid we enumerate, our living authors, writers,
poets, it would fill several columns of The
Revolution. Some day we will give the names
of our distinguished women in order to shame
the apostate champions of womans voting, who
insist on keeping their mothers and wives on the
same footing as the poor-house, t^e negro cabin,
the lunatic asylum and the idiots home. Our
Madame Rolands and Madame De Staels some
time may inaugurate another Revolutionnot
for womans rights, but womans wrongs.
THE EOREORS OF NEW TEARS OVER,
What a sad commentary on the birth of the
New Year that we should rejoice that it is over.
As Good Templars Society, Temperance and
Father Matthew men and women, what can be
more sad than to see a day of jubilee turned into
a night of drunkenness. After our eons and
brothers, and fathers and husbands have
escaped the come-and-take-a-drink at Belmoni
cos, at the Fifth Avenue, and the club, after pass-
ing the teirible ordeal of saying No to some boon
companions, determined to commence the New
Year with a new resolution, to forsake the fatal
cup, after all this, they start off upon their
New Years calls. What do they sea everywhere ?
Whiskey, Brandy, Sherry, Rum-Punch, Egg-
Nog, on every side, and beautiful young girls
are on ail sides tempting you to drink. What a
horrid custom! Away with it. Let the New
Year be ushered in without intoxicating drinks,
should be the humble prayer of every fend
mother, who would ratter die than see her son
a drunkard. Yet she. leads him on with the
New Years draught. Away, away the bowl.
The Some Journal, a final jurisdiction in such
cases, says: We have good authority for stating
that the differences between Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Sumner, which have caused so much
unpleasant gossip and scandal, have been final-
ly settled by a permanent separation, with the
mutual consent and desire of both parties, and
their best friends.
The following sentiment of Gen. Carey
representative to Congress from Ohio, and elec-
ted by the votes of workingmenon the occa-
sion of his serenade speech after the election,
will be generally approved by the people as fast
as they examine well the subject:
I am in favor of greenbacks ; of paying the
bonds of the United States as we have agreed
to pay them, and in no other waythat is in
lawful money, which is greenbacks. So long
as the laborer has to fake greenbacks as lawful
money, the bondholder should do the same.
REVOL UTION CORRESP ONDENCE.
We are in constant receipt of most encourag-
ing letters from the friends of our enterprise, in
the enjoyment of which our readers shall share,
so far as space will permit, beginning as fol-
FROM HRS. THEODORE TILTON.
Miss Susan B. AnthontMy Friend: Without even
wailing to read, hut having only glanced through the first
number ot The Revolution, which you have kindly
sent me, I enclose my subscription for a year, in testi-
mony of my good will toward any and every enterprise
for the enfranchisement of woman.
Elizabeth R. Tilton,
186 Livingston street,
P. S. I can hardly help saying that the good God, hav-
ing given me equally two daughters and two sons, I most
iervently desire equal rights for them all. e. r. t.
From the Hutchinson Family, travelling and
singing at the West:
We are singing and talking Womans Suffrage every-
where we goand the cause is a good oneand thepeople
received this word gladly. You will see me say but 7,000
votes for women, subsequently, we leam too late to
change, to 9,000, as the fact is. I am glad you are to take
charge, with Mrs. Stanton, of The Revolution. It
must be a success; and we shall take great pleasure iu
heralding its advent and urging its importance.
More next week.
NEW TREATMENT OF CRIMINALS.
There is one law, one court, one penalty
awaiting every criminal alike, in what are called
our courts of justice. Whatever may have been
the culture, or want of it, whatever the tempta-
tion or power to resist, the courts have no dis-
cretion really, and so are bound to pass sentence
according to law and evidence on all alike. The
injustice, not to say cruelty, of this would be
less grievous, were our penalties and prisons de-
signed for reformation, as hospital cures instead
of modes and means of torture as in the past
ages. The New York Tribune, on Christmas
morning, proclaimed the following on the treat-
ment of criminals. It is an evangel worthy that
auspicious mom ; almost literally fulfilling the
promise of eighteen hundred years ago, to
open the prison doors to them that are bound.
In the Irish Times we find an account of a treatment of
criminals so new, so surprising, and successful, as to be
worthy of special notice. About twelve years ago Gov-
ernment secured the title to 170 acres ot land, at Lusk,
14 miles north of the city of Dublin, overlooking Dub-
lin Bay, and a beautiful wooded country. The object
was to make an experiment with convicted criminals in
redeeming land and in carrying on a larm. This was to
be wbat is termed the intermediate system. For
many years the land had been a conamom; a part was
swampy, much of the surface had been removed by
neighboring farmers, and it was of little value. A gang
01 convicts was brought on, and, under judicious mana-
gers, the l?nd was drained, th.e subsoil brought to the
surface, manure was applied and also lime to correct the
acidity: houses, barns, and outbuildings were erected,
and, finally, the tract has been brought to a high state of
fertility. There are about sixty acres in grain, forty in
choice meadow, eight in root crops, four in vegetables,
and the rema>nder in pasturage. So good is the farming
that this year, while crops throughout Great Britain are
below an average, the crops oi the convicts are above.
The productions consist of fat cattle, hogs, grain, and
considerable milk and butter, and as they have a surplus
it is sold at high prices.
At first it was proposed to have police depots around
the farm, to prevent escapes and to punish violations Of
orders: but tnis has not been done, and, instead, a few
wardens are employed, who act more as overseers rnd
managers than as sentinels. The order of the day is as
follows: 5 oclock a. m., bell ringing, when the beds are
made; 5:30, officers parade; 6, breakfast; 6:30, parade;
7 to 12, work, then dinner; 1 to 5, work; 6, supper, fol-
lowed by lectures, prayer, lockup, and bed. At the lec-
tures the criminals receive instruction in elementary
studies, and on social and moral subjects, and in partic-
ular, regarding the natural results which flow from la-
bor and irom vice. On Sunday they afe allowed to at-
tend meetings in the neighboring towns. What are call-
ed prison earnings are allowed them, that, after their
term expires, they may emigrate, or have means to start
again in life where they are not known. In the vicinity,
such is their reputation as faithful laborers, that at pre-
sent the demand for the discharged convicts from the
farmers exceeds the supply. Thus the indolent, the
stubborn, and reckless criminal is trained to a life of
honest toil, more through encouragement and hope than
through coercion and threats. He appreciates his com-
parative freedom, and enjoys the pure air and rural oc-
cupation. There can be no doubt that the success of
the system lies in the active calling of agriculture, which
is tbe foundation of whatever health and innocence the
human race possess.
We submit that this is a most remarkable account. It
is obviously the duty of our legislators to reflect upou
it, to get further details, and to consider what obstacles
prevent the system from being carried out in our own
country. If any exist, and if they can be removed, it
will be a Christian, even a common, duty to remove
them. We have millions of acres of land which need to
be redeemed; when brought into cultivation they will
be the most fruitful and enduring of any in our whole
domain. Wide districts ot marshy and overflowed land
on our soacoast, and along our Western rivers breed mi-
asm, pestilence, and death, and so long as they remain
in their present condition, the air of the adjoining dis-
tricts new under cultivation will be oontaminated. If
our criminals were set to the task of bringing such land
or, indeed, any other landinto cultivation, our sup-
plies of food wou-d incre se, and a desirable end would
be gained, inasmuch as they would cease to be competi-
tors with our mechanics and artisans. In addition,
many who were led into temptation and into crime, be-
cause they had no employment, or who did not know
what work means, or who did not even know how to
seek work where it was to be found, will acquire indus-
trious habits and a taste for rural life, by which, after a
time, in some remote locality, they will be proud to live.
Prominent Republicans, it is said, Irom the
West and Southwest, are by no means so en-
thusiastic about Gen. Giant as they were some
time ago. They are anxious to get some posi-
tive declaration of views from Gen. Grant, es-
pecially in reference to suffrage in the South,
saying that some positive expression of opinion
on the issues of the day is due to the loyal peo-
ple of the country. The reticence of Grant is
crystalizing into a joke, the joke of the sea-
son, and the West and Southwest should
make a note of it. The Herald on Friday last
had these two among several other similar
The Tribune Loquitur.General Grant, what
are your principles ?
Grant, in response.What are yours ?
What are Grant's Views ?That the American
horse is the finest trotter in the world.
Mr. Bowles of the Springfield Republican,
criticising his friend Dr. Holland for lecturing
against suffrage for woman says: There is a
flavor of femininity in all true Christian civili-
zation increasing with the years ; and when it
sufficiently leavens the whole masculine lump,
woman can stand equal with man before the
law, and side by side with him at the ballot-
box, and the two will quarrel less than now
when they dont, and then shall Dr. Holland go
to Congress or be governor.
Perhaps woman may have something to say
about that, as between the learned doctor who
opposes her enfranchisement, and Mr. Bowles
who already seems to favor as well as foresee its
chases for investment and shipment abroad. The ad*
vanoo in gold to 141 has given a great stimulus to
prices which have advanced from 1 to 2 per cent, during
Messrs. Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the
United States 6s, 1831 Registered, 109%; U. S. Coupon,
109% to 109% ;U. S. 5-2 0 Registered, 106 to 106%; U. S.
Coupon, 1862,109% to 109%; U. S. Coupon, 1864, 107%
to 107%; U. S. Coupon, 1865, 1C8 to 103%; U. S. Coupon,
new, 1865, 105% to 105%; U. S. Coupon, 1867, 105% to
106; U. S. 10-40 Registered, 102%; U. S. 10-40 Coupon,
102% 0102%; U. S. 7-30 2d Coupon, 105% to 105%; U.
S. 7-30 3d Coupon, 105% to 105%.
* FOR LADIES:
BREAKFAST SHAWLS, SONTAGS,
COMFORTERS, SCARFS, HOODS,
CAPES, SACQUES, GARIBALDIS,
SILK UNDERVESTS AND DRAWERS,
MERINO, COTTON. AND WOOL HOSIERY,
KID, CLOTH, AND CASTOR GLOVES.
DRESS SHIRTS AND COLLARS,
UNDERSHIRTS AND DRAWERS,
SCARFS, TIES, SUSPENDERS,
. KID, CLOTH. CASTOR, AND BUCK GLOVES,
ENGLISH AND FRENCH HOSIERY,
CARRIAGE ROBES, CHEST PROTECTORS,
SCARF RINGS, SLEEVE BUTTONS,
ROBES DE CHAMBRE,
FOR BOYS AND MISSES:
BALMORAL AND ROB ROY STOCKINGS,
CLOTH AND FANCY KNIT GAITERS,
MERINO UNDERSHIRTS AND DRAWERS,
CLOTH, KID, AND BEAVER GLOVES,
FANCY MITTENS AND INFANTEES,
COMFORTERS, SCARFS, HOODS,
GARIBALDI AND CARDIGAN JACKETS.
AN IMMENSE VARIETY OF BEAUTIFUL GOODS,
AT EXTREMELY LOW PRICES.
UNION ADAMS, .
NO. 637 BROADWAY.
OEOIDE WATCHES.Good time-keepers,
$15; exact imitations of gold mid not plated. Also
chains of Oroide/ Ladies and gents $2 to $6. Patent
Levers, engine turned eases, $15 ; Enamelled, $1h,
Ladies and Gents sizes. Guaranteed by special certifi-
cate, and sent by express, to be paid for on delivery to
The discovery of this metal is our own, and the works
from our own factory.
O. E. COLLINS & CO.,
42 & 44 Nassau street, N. Y. (Up stairs.)
Gold and silver American and Swiss Watches.
Circulars sent giving full infora ation.
EARLE H. SMITH,
ATTORNEY IN PATENT CAUSES
SOLICITOR OF XT. S. & FOREIGN PATENTS,
119 & 121 NASSAU STREET,
OLID AY PRESENTS.
D. APPLETON & COMPANY,
BOOKSELLERS, PUBLISHERS AND STATIONERS,
Nos. 443 and 445 Broadway, New York,
Have now a large and superior assortment of
FINE ILLUSTRATED WORKS,
SUPERB GIFT BOOKS,
Choice editions of the Poets,
BEST STANDARD LITERATURE.
PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, FOREIGN AND AMERICAN.
STEREOSCOPES AND STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS.
THE FINEST STATIONERY.
Selected from the London and Paris markets.
Among the prominent novelties are, a new illustrated
THE HOUSEHOLD BOOK OF POETRY, Collected and
edited by Charles A. Dana. New edition, enlarged,
with additions from recent authors. Illustrated with
steel engravings by celebrated ortisits. 1 vol. imp. 8vo.
morocco extra or antique, $20.
WORDS OF HOPE AND COMFORT FOR THE SOR-
ROWFUL. 1 vol. 4to., illuminated borders around each
page, with appropriate texts of Scripture both from Old
and New Testaments. Price $40.
This elegant work is peculiarly fitting and appropriate
for a present, and its chasteness of execution and well-
conceived designs render it one of the most beautiful
and ornate books of the season ; the texts are well
chosen, and we think will be found to prove a comfort
and consolation to the afflicted and bereaved.
BUNYANS ALLEGORICAL WORKS; on, THE PIL-
GRIMS PROGRESS AND THE HOLY WAR. Together
with His Grace Abounding, Divine Emblems, and
other Poems. Edited with Notes, Original and Selected,
and a Life of John Bunyan, by Rev. Charles A.
Wright, M. A. With numerous beautiful colored illus-
trations by eastern and Bartsch. One vol. 4to, half mo-
rocco, gilt edges, $20; morocco antique, gilt edges, $25.
THE GARDENS OF THE WORLD, THEIR HISTORY
AND DESCRIPTION. Illustrated with 240 Designs, en-
graved by the best Frenco artists, and printed by Marne
& Co., of Tours, France. 1 voL, folio. $60.
WAVERLEY NOVELS: By Sir Walter Scott, Bart.
Beautifully Illustrated with 204 Engravings, many of
them proofs, and numerous head and tail pieces. 24
vols., 8vo. handsomely printed in clear type on good
paper, full calf, extra, $175; fall levant morocco, gilt
A UNIVERSAL LIBRARY AND VALUABLE PRESENT,
THE NEW AMERICAN CYCLOPAEDIA: A popular
Dictionary of Useful Knowledge. Edited by George
Ripley and Charles A. Dana, aided by a numerous
select coips of writers in all branches of Science, Art
and Literature. In sixteen large volumes, 8vo; 750
double-column pages in each volume.
Price and Style of Binding, per vol: Extra cloth, $5;
library leather, $6; half turkey morocco, dart, $6 6u;
half turkey morocco, flexible, $7; half russia, extra gilt,
$7 50; full morocco, antique, gilt edges, $9; full russia,
A Complete Catalogue of
EAS AND COFFEES.
Are continually receiving direct from the Chinese and
Japanese factors, fresh importations of the choicest
flavored Teas. During the past few months th Company
have received two entire cargoes, one of which was THE
LARGEST CARGO EVER IMPORTED into this country,
and of the finest quality- '
Parties getting their Teas from us may confidently
rely upon getting them pure and fresh, as they come
direct from the Custom House stores to our warehouses.
The Company continues to soil at the following prices:
OOLONG (Black), 60, 70, 80,90c., best $1 per lb.
MIXED (Green and Black,) 60, 70, 80, 90, best $1 per lb.
ENGLISH BREAKFAST, 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 20 per lb.
IMHERIAL (Green), 60, 70, 8(f, 90, $1, $1 10, best $1 25
YOUNG HYSON, (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 25-per lb.
UNCOLORED JAPAN, $1, $1 10, best $1 25 per lb.
GUNPOWDER, $1 25, best $1 50 per lb.
COFFEES ROASTED AND GROUND DAILY.
GROUND COFFEE, 20c., 25c., 30c., 35c., best 40c. per
lb. Hotels, Saloons, Boarding House Keepers, and
Families who use large quantities of Coffee, can econo-
mise in that article by using our FRENCH BREAKFAST
mid DINNER COFFEE, which we sell at the low price o^
30c. per lb., and warranted (o give perfect satisfaction.
Consumers save 5 to 8 profits of mic dle-men or about
ONE DOLLAR per pound, by purchasing their Teas of
31 AND 33 VESEY STREET,
461 EIGHTH AVENUE,
Corner Church Street;
Corner of Bleecker Street;
N. corner 34th Street;
299 SPRING STREET,
Bet. Hudson and Greenwich Streets;
205 FULTON STREET, BROOKLYN,
Corner Concord Street;
133 GRAND STREET,
gTARR & MARCUS,
Embracing New Styles of Albums, Juvenile Books, and
Stationery of every description.
To be had on application.
22 JOHN STREET.
ALL, BLACK & CO.,
665 AND 667-BROADWAY,
Have just opened an invoice of fine
LEATHER AND GILT
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
of the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WARE
From the most celebrated European manufactory,
especially selected for
ALSO, A CHOICE SELECTION OP
Warranted superior to the FinestSbefflelcl Plate.
From the Paris Exposition
54:0 MILES 0F THE |
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD, |
SUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA AOBOSS THE CONTINENT j
ARE NOW COMPLETED. j
THE TEACH BEING LAID AND TRAINS SUNNING WITHIN
TEN MILES OF THE SUMMIT OE THE
The remaining ten miles will be finished as soon as
the weather permits the road-bed to be sufficiently
packed to receive the rails. The work continues to be
pushed forward in the rock cuttings on the western
slope with unabated energy, and a much larger force
wilt be employed during the current year than ever
before. The prospect that the whole
GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for t s construction of this Great
National Work are ample. The United States grants its
Six Per Cent. Bonds at the rate of from $16,000 to $18,000
per mile, for which it takes a second lien as a security, and
receives payment to a large if not to the full extent of its
claim in services. These Bonds are issued as each twenty
mile section is finished, and after it has been examined by
United States Commissioners mid pronounced to be in all
respects a first-class road, thoroughly supplied with depots,
repair-shops, stations, and all the necessary rolling stock
and other equipments.
The United States also makes a donation of 12,800 acres
of land to the mile, which will be a source of large revenue
to the Company. Much of this land in the Platte Valley
is among the most fertile in the world, and other large
portions are covered with heavy pine forests and abound
in coal of the best quality.
The Company is also authorized to issue its own First
Mortgage Bonds to an amount equal to the issue of the
Government and no more. Hon. E. D. Morgan and Hon.
Oakes Ames are Trustees for the Bondholders, and de-
liver the Bonds to the Company only as the work pro-
gresses, so that they always represent an actual mid pro-
The authorized capital of the Company is' $100,000,000,
of which over $5,000,000 have been paid on the work al-
EARNINGS OF THE COMPANY,\
At present, the profits of the Company are derived only
from its local traffic, but this is already much more than
sufficient to pay the interest on all the Bonds'the Company
can issue, if not another mile were built. It is not
doubted that when the road is completed the through
traffic of the only line connecting the Atlantic and Pacific
States will be large beyond precedent, and, as there will
be no competition, it can always be done at profitable
It will be noticed that the Union Pacific Railroad is, in
fact, a Government work, built under the supervision of
Government officers, and to a large extent with Govem-
xr ent money, and that its b onds are issued under Govern-
ment direction. It is believed that no similar security is
so carefully guarded, and certainly no other is based upon
a larger or more valuable property. As the Companys
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
are offered for the present at 90 CENTS ON THE DOL-
LAR, they are the cheapest security in the market, being
more than 15 per cent, lower than U. S. Stock. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
or oyer NINE PER CENT, upon the investment, and have
thirty years to run before maturity. Subscriptions will be
received in New York at the Companys Office, No. 20
Nassau street, and by
Continental National Bane, No. 7 Nassau street,
Clark, Dodge & Co, Bankers, 51 Wall street,
John J. Cisco & Son, Bankers, No. 33 Wall street,
and by the Companys advertised Agents throughout the
United States. Remittances should be made in drafts
or other funds par in New York, and the bonds will be
sent free of charge by return express. Parties subscrib-
ing through local agents will look to them for their safe
A NEW PAMPHLET AND MAP, showing the Progress
of the Work, Resources for Construction, and value of
Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Office or of its
advertised agents, or will be sent free on application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
AN ELEGANT STOCK OF
CAN BE FOUND AT
SHELDON & COMPANY'S,
NOS. 498 AND 500 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
EMBRACING ALL THE STANDARD BOOKS PUB-
LISHED IN THIS COUNTRY OR ENGLAND, IN THE
RICHEST STYLE OF BINDING.
POETRY ILLUSTRATED IN THE MOST ELEGANT
HISTORY, BIOGRAPHY AND GENERAL MISCEL-
LANY WITHOUT END.
ANYTHING THAT YOU MAY DESIRE IN THE WAY
OF BOOKS SUITABLE FOR NEW YEARS PRESENTS
CAN BE FOUND AT
SHELDON & COMPANY'S,
Nos. 498 AND 500 BROADWAY.
OPPOSITE ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL.
We have recently published
LIFE AND LETTERS OF
BY ABRAHAM R. VAN NEST, D.D.
1 vol., large 12mo., with a steel-plate likeness of Dr. Be-
thune, and three full-paged illustrations.
ALSO, A CROWN OCTAVO EDITION OF
DR. BETHUNES LIFE.
On tinted paper, bound in fancy brown cloth. Uniform
with Dr. Bethune's Theology. Price $2,25.
The New York Observer says of it:
This book affectionately embalms the memory of one
of the most able, brilliant and distinguished men who
have adorned the American pulpit. His life and char-
acter have been made so familiar to our readers that we
are not required to present even an outline of this
ALSO NOW READY,
A NEW EDITION OF
DR. BETHUNES THEOLOGY;
Or, Lectures on the Heidelberg Catechism. 2 vols.,
crown octavo, tinted paper. Price per set, $4 50.
A MOST INTERESTING BIOGRAPHY :
A MEMOIR OF THE LIFE AND LABORS OF
FRANCIS WAYLAND, D.D., LL.D.,
INCLUDING SELECTIONS FROM HIS PERSONAL
REMINISCENCES AND CORRESPONDENCE,
BY HIS SONS,
Francis Wayland and H. S. Wayland.
2 vols., large 12mo. Illustrated by two s,eel plate like-
nesses of Dr. Wayland. Printed on laid
tinted paper. Price per set, $4.00.
This is one of the most Instructive and fascinating
biographies which has issued from the American press
in many a day. Not one can carefully read such a book
without receiving permanent impressions for good, as
well as being constantly interested in the career of this
truly great man.
A NEW BOOK BY
REV. NEWMAN HALL, D.D.
BY SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT WITH REV. NEW-
MAN HALL, D.D., WE WILL PUBLISH MONDAY,
DECEMBER 80 :
A PARTING WORD.
1 vol., 18mo. Cloth.
BY REV. NEWMAN HALL, D. D.
Price, 60 cents.
This is a most charming little volume, and is charac-
terized by that classically beautiful, yet simple and direct
style which mark all of Mr. Halls books.
SHELDON & COMPANY,
Nos. 498 and 500 Broadway.
JJENRY B. STANTON .
COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
NO. 170 BROAWAY,
NEW YORK CITY.
Collections made throughout the United States. Suits
brought and causes tried in all the Courts, City, State
and Federal. Business done under the New Bankrupt
Law. Titles searched to Real Estate, Mortgages fore-
closed, all kinds of Legal Instruments drawn. Business
with the Patent Office at Washington, and all matters re-
lative to patents a specialty.
is indispensable to all those who preserve this paper.
The numbers can be bound every week, thus making a
perfect book all through the year. Sent post-paid, from
this office, on receipt of 75 cents.
Conants Binder is one of the neatest, most durable
and cheap conveniences of the kind we ever handled.
Conants Binder for magazines, papers and pamph-
lets. This is a useful invention by which the periodical
is inserted in a moment between two durable covers.
Various 6izes are made, and if one were large enough lor
the Tribune it would be a good thing.New York Weekly
POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE CO.
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CARHART & NEEDHAM,
Nos. 143, 146 and 147 East 23d street, New York.
November 28, 1867.
9! lit $ntflhtti0u.
HE CREDIT FONCIER OF AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, PRESIDENT.
The following are among the first one hundred special
copartners of the Credit Foncier and owners of Colum-
Augustus Kountze, [First National Bank, Omaha.]
Samuel E. Rogers, Omaha.
E. Creighton, [President 1st National Bonk, Omaha.]
Thomas C. Durant, V. P. U. P. R. R.
James H. Bowen, [Presf 3rd National Bank, Chicago.]
George Jf. Pullman.
George L. Dunlap, [Superintendent N. W. R. R.)
John A. Dix, [President U. P. R. R.]
William H. Guion, [Credit Mobilier.]
William H. Macy, [President Leather Manf. Bank.]
Charles A. Lamhard, [Credit Mobilier] Director U. P. R. R.
Oakes Atnp.fi, M. C., [Credit Mobilier.]
John M. S. Williams, [Director Credit Mobilier.]
John J. Cisco, [Treasurer U. P. R. R.]
William P. Fumiss.
Cyrus H. McCormick, [Director U. P. R. R.]
Hon. Simon Cameron.
John A. Griswold, M. C., [President Troy City National
Thomas Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
F. Nickerson, (Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
E. H. Baker, Baker & Morrlil, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
W. T. Glidden, Glidden & Williams, Boston, [Credit Mo-
H. S. McComb, Wilmington, DeL, [Credit Mobilier.]
James H. Orne, [Merchant,] Philadelphia.
George B. Upton, [Merchant,] Boston.
Charles Macalesier, [Banker,] Philadelphia.
C. S. Bushnell, [Director U. P. R. R.] Credit Mobilier.
A, A. Low, [President Chamber Commerce.]
Leonard W. Jerome.
H. G. Stebbins.
C. C. & H. M. Taber.
David Jones, [Credit Mobilier. ]
Ben. Holladay, [Credit Mobilier.]
the Credit Fonoier grounds. Is it not the geographical
centre of this nation ? Ninety-six miles due west from
Omaha, the new Chicago; ninety-six miles from the
Kansas border on the south ; ninety-six miles from the
Dacotah line on the north, Columbus is situated on the
upper bottom, at the junction of the Platte and the Loup
Fork, and is surrounded by the finest agricultural lands in
The Credit Foncier lands extend from the railway
station across the railway, and enclose the Loup Fork
Bridge; the county road to the Pawnee settlement run-
ning directly through the domain. As the railway sys-
tem expands, Columbus will naturally be the railway
centre of the Sioux City, Nebraska City mid Nemaha Val-
The Uniou Pacific Railroad Company were not slow to
see that Columbus was the natural point for an im-
portant station. The Credit Mobilier owns lands near
the city, and some leading generals and statesmen are
also property owners round about. Would you make
money easy ? Find, then, the site of a city and buy the
farm it is to be built on. How many regret tbe non
purchase of that lot in New York; that block in Buffalo ;
that farm in Chicago; that quarter section in Omaha.
Once these city properties could have been bought for a
song. Astor and Girard made their fortunes in this
way. The Credit Foncier, by owning the principal
towns along the Pacific line to California, enriches its
shareholders while distributing its profits by selling
alternate lots at a nominal price to the public.
The Credit Foncier owns 688 acres at Columbus, di-
vided into 80ft. streets and 20ft. alleys.
These important reservations are made : Two ten-acre
parks ; one t; n-acre square, for the university of Nebras-
ka ; one five-acre triangle, for an agricultural college;
one five-acre quadrangle, for a public school; one acre
each donated to the several churches, Episcopal, Catho-
lic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, Congregational
and Baptist, and ten acres to the State for the new Capitol
Deducting these national, educational and religions .
donations, the Credit Foncier has over 3,000 lots (44x115)
remaining, 1,600 of which they offer for sale, reserving
the alternate lots for improvements.
yERMILYE & OO. ,
No. 44 Wall street,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN GOVERNMENT STOCKS
AND COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES.
We give speoial attention to funding
7-30 TREASURY LOANS.
' All series taken .in exchange for 5-20 Bond. Returns
made to correspondents without delay and on favorable
New Yobs, December 28,1867.
3 p.m. Buying. Selling.
6-20 Registered, 1862.........105%............105%
6*20 Coupon, 1862.............168%...........It 8%
6-20 Coupon, 1864.............105%............105%
6-20 Coupon, 1865.............105%............106
5-20 * 1865, new.........108%............108%
5-20 1867, new.........108%....1.......108%
June 7-80......................104%..........1 4%
May Compounds, 1865...........117%.......... 117%
Sept. 1866..........116 ............116%
U. S. 3per cent, cer..........100%............100%
All classes of United States funds credi'ed or remitted
for. on receipt, at market rates, free of all commission
ISK AND HATCH,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN
NO. 5 NASSAU STREET,
BUY AND SELL AT MARKET RATES,
UNITED STATES SECURITIES,
The cities along the line of
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days. Two Ocean Ferry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
this way I
The Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists (two thousand miles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce tbe Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilier (its contractors), a national
reality j the Credit Fancier (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the Union
Pacific Railroad. Under its present Napoleonic leader-
ship, m 1810 the road will be finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are already running west
of Omaha 1o the base of the monntains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omaha; where the
temporary bridge that has beim constructed joins you
with the Pacific. Here is the time-table :
New York to Chicago (dra ing-room car ail
the way, without change)................38 hours.
Chicago to Omaha, without change (Pull-
mans sleeping palaces).....................24 *
Omaha to Cheyenne, or summit of Rocky
^Mountains, (Union Pacific Railroad).....28
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Monntains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or tbe removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from your state-room.
The Credit Fonder of America owns the capitol addi-
tion to Columbus,probably the future capitol of Ne-
braska. 'What is the Credit Fonder? Ask the first mil-
lionaire you meet, and the chances are he will tell you
that he was one of the one hundred original thousand
dollar subscribers. No other such special copartnership
cl wealthy men exists on this continent. (A list of these
distinguished names can be seen at the Company's
Where is Columbus ? Ask the two hundred Union
Pacific Railroad excursionists who encamped there on
First.It is worth fifty dollars to a young man to be
associated with such a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase the
preference right to be interested in the next town
mapped out by the Credit Foncier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine.
Third.Owning 6,000 feet of land 1,700 miles off by
rail, extends ones geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia do not
compose the entire American Republic.
When fhifl ocean bottomthis gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inland lake of ten
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, with corn-fields and villages, a'lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing to have about the
The object of the Credit Foncier in selling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to open up the boundless
resources along the line of tbe Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East Landed proprietsrship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the em-
employee to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
As this allotment of 1,5G0 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a check to the Company's
bankers, Messrs. John J. Cisco & Son, 83 Wall street,
when you will receive a deed for the property.
To save the lol-owner the trouble of writing, (he Credit
Foncier pays all taxes for two yews.
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property in Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at the foot of the mountains, four hundred
miles west of Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots there selling forr three thou-
Most of the Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
arc the Shareholders of the Credit Foncier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P. BEMIS,
Office of the Come any, 20 Nassa Stbbbt, New Yobs
and give especial attention to the conversion of
NEW FIVE-TWENTY BONDS OF 1865 AND 1867.
Holders of the Sixes of 1881, and Five-twenty Bonds
of 1862, and May 1, 1865, may now realize a liberal differ-
ence by exchanging (hem for the nw 5-2fs of 1865-7.
We are prepared to make these exchanges upon the most
Deposits received and collections made.
FISK & HATCH, No. 6 Nassau street.
gAN KING HOUSE
JAY COOKE & CO.,
No. 20 WALL ST., COR. OF NASSAU ST., NEW YORK.
We buy and sell at the most liberal current prices,
and keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERNMENT BONDS OF ALL ISSUES,
COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES,
and execute orders for purchase and sale of
STOCKS, BONDS AND GOLD.
We have added to our office a Retail Department, for
the accommodation of the public demand for investment
in and exchanges of Government Securities, the pur.
chase Gold and Interest Coupons, and (he sale of In-
ternal Revenue Stamps.
SEVEN-THIRTIES CONVERTED INTO FIVE TWEN-
TIES AT THE MOST FAVORABLE RATES.
JAY COOKE & CO.
UNCAN SHERMAN & CO.,
CORNER PINE AND NASSAU STREET,
ISSUE CIRCULAR NOTES AND LETTERS OF
CREDIT FOB TRAVELLERS,
AVAILABLE IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF
FOR USE IN
ALSO, MAKE TRANSFERS OF MONEY TO CALI-
FORNIA AND OREGON BY TELEGRAPH.
INTEREST ALLOWED ON DEI OBITS.