Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LE SS.
VOL. I.NO. 6. NEW YOKE, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1868. siNaLBcoPYEioRcEKTS.
ci)f tiniiiliitiiiii
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBPRY, j t SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 17).
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE.
Washington, Feb. 8,1868.
Bear Revolution.: Our la*t thought on
leaving New York was of you; and we chose
Gail Hamilton for our travelling companion
(although Hon. James Brooks was on the train),
that we might be able to tell you what she says
of Dr. Todd and Womans Suffrage. We
read her book, Womans Wrongs, twice
through before reaching Washington, and will
give you an opinion as soon as we can find time
to write it out.
Arriving at Washington, we found Gen.------,
tall and stately, waiting at the depot. Having
heard that he was somewhat opposed to Wo-
mans Rights, we decided, in harmony with
the rules of war, to quarter on the enemy. But
on comparing notes with the General, we find
him very liberal. He is willing to extend suf-
frage to woman with an educational, or property
qualification; and many of our best men seem
to be of the same opinion. It is a little remark-
able that these worthy gentlemen should press
all shades of manhood, lettered and unlettered,
washed and unwashed, black and white, to the
ballot-box to legislate for the educated women,
of the- land, while they are so much distressed
at the idea of having ignorant women legislate
on their interests.
But men are beings of reason, not intuition,
and we do not expect them to see the absurdi-
ties in which they involve themselves.
Our eyes and ears are on the stretch to gather
up everything we can to tell The Revolu-
tion.
Hearing of the Peace Convention, we went
there one morning, and found our friends in a
pleasant hall decorated with evergreens and
mottoes, and Alfred Love in the chair. How
fitting that name to the place. We passed
an hour or two, listening with interest to
the discussion of that question; made a
few remarks; went home ; pondered that
problem ; seeing the law of violence run-
ning through all time, working misery and
death, we could not come to any satisfactory
conclusion. Gen.--------asked U3 at dinner
what Alfred Love would have had us do in the
Revolutions of *76 and *61 ? Would he have let
the red coats come in and the rebsgo
out? As we have not th^ peace arguments at
the ends of our fingers, we hope Alfred will an-
swer this question briefly, concisely, triumph-
antly, for the benefit of all warlike readers.
We have heard much of a club where distin-
ked men meet one evening every week to
rcuss questions of science. Professor Henry,
Tbr. Craig, Chief-Justice Chase, Secretary Mc-
Culloch and Gen. A. B. Eaton are of the num-
ber. Last week they discussed pictures, and
showed that the time was coming when the sun
would paint beautiful photographic landscapes
in,all their varied, colors, instead of the cold,
' dark representations we now have. The da igh-
fejps of some of these gentlemen, being highly
oflupated and scientific, have expressed a' wish
tube admitted to these philosophical conversa-
tions ; but the gentlemen are afraid to entertain
the proposition. They fear the ladies would
drag them down from the sublime heights of
science; would change the conversation from
plants, minerals, chemicals, earthquakes, vol-
canoes, the solar system, and all those exalted
themes where the masculine mind is at home,
to the trivialities that legitimately belong to
womans sphere.
Now, one would think that these profound
philosophers, with all their powers of concen-
tration and continuity, neednotbe pushed from
the track by the presence of a few women.
And, moreover, what better scientific experiment
could they try or discuss than how the women
of the new republic can be transformed from
fools to philosophers ? If Judge Chase expects to
have the bouquets and kerchiefs on his side in
the coming election, let him begin to unbar the
scientific doors, and take down all the fences
that keep the daughters of the Pilgrims from
gleaning in the fields of knowledge. If the Chief
of the eight Supreme Court Judges cannot do
justice to woman, where shall we go ?
Yesterday we went to the Capitol to look down
on our representatives. Had a chat with Gen.
Banks. Asked him if they were about to give
us the last act in reconstruction ? He laughed
and said he thought there would be time for the
women to get in before that was done, showing
that he thinks our enfranchisement is close at
hand, or that reconstruction is still afar off.
i We heard Mr. Ferrys speech on Reconstruction
Which all pronounced good ; that is, we should
have heard it, had we not been talking most of
the time to friends in the gallery. At the close,
several Senators left their places to congratulate
him, among the rest our stately Senator, Roscoe
Conkling, who is considered the ablest and
handsomest man in the Senate. We took a good
look at them all with on opera glass, and in-
cline to that opinion. Ben. Wade is a good
looking mau, and ought to be our next Presi-
dent; but, if we must have either Grant or Chase,
may the fates give'us the latter. Let us at least
have a sober mau with some fixed opinions.
In the House, Ben. Butler had just hurled a
thunderbolt at somebody or something, and
brought half a dozen men to their feet, while
Colfax was lustily hammering them into their
respective places. Appearing suddenly on the
scene, we could not comprehend the cause of
the row, but undoubtedly it is all printed in the
Globe,
We met Lieut.-Gov. Root from Kansas in the
House, and talked over Kansas matters. He
gives the democrats their share of credit for
our vote, and says he has great faith in Train,
in his moral probity and executive ability. This
was pleasant to hear, as some Kansas friends
have no faith either in Train or the democrats
of that State.
Last evening we went to the Presidents re-
ception, and had theplesure of seeing him face
to face for the first time. As he is a subscriber
for The Revolution, we will not tell our
readers that he has a dark, sinister face, and by.
no means an imposing presence. We saw all
the people there in moustaches, epaulettes, trails
and frizettes. But Grant, for whom-Sfl&e watched,
did not appear. He was probably writing one
of those letters to the President. It is said
great things are brewing. More anon.
e. c. s.
VOICES OF THE PEOPLE.
A gentleman in Kansas sends six dollars and
names of three subscribers and adds ;
The right ring is iu The Revolution." God speed
its course.
Another Kansas subscriber says :
I like The Revolution well and will, aid it all iu
my power. Several have told me they had seen no pa-
per they liked so well.
From a lady in Washington, teacher and
worker in every good way among the freed peo-
ple :
Do you and Mrs. Stanton think Mr. Train a fit man for
President? I dont mean compared with Andy Johns jn,
but really if you do I shall be very strongly inclined, of
course, to think so too. I have never seen him, hut
have heard the most absurd things of him.
Frpm a lady in this city, long and well known
as an earnest friend of every good enterprise:
I read Mr. Garrisons article and find he it greatly ex-
ercised. I want others to read that, as well a9 many
things which will enable them to 9ee beyond their pre-
judices. Everybody has a grudge against Train, and
yet cannot tell why.
FROM A VETERAN ABOLITIONIST.
Mt. Vernon, Iowa, Jan. 31,1868.
Miss Susan B. Anthony : Your excellent paper The
Revolution has come to hand; reviving in me all
my old enthusiasms and hopes as in the days when your
editor, Parker Pillsbury, was 'laboring on the Western
Reserve in Ohio to inculcate the principles of freedom
and justice, in the midst of corrupt popular opinions,
ignorance and prejudice. More than twenty years have
passed since, and this old head has grown gray. But
the flame that was lit by that spark still continues to
burn, and do you wonder that when I saw yonr paper,
its very name being significant of its office, the old
fire was augmented? When I think of the changes
that have been wrought in our social systems since
that time, I feel like exclaiming with all co-laborers.
Onward! onward, the star of progression until chaos
shall he no more on earth, and peace," order and
harmony reign in its stead. Inclosed please find two
dollars for yonr paper one year, and believe me, when I
say I will do all in my power to extend its circulation.
Your3 ever for the true and the right,
Harlow Post.
Heaven bless your gray hairs, venerable


82
*
Hu §UvdIuti0.
M m hi m i un i ttt^
i'riond, anciont find honorable ; your works
praise you. The out-door meetings in the vain
arc not 1'orgotten. r- p. .
Extract of a letter from Dudley Willets,
Esq., of New Boston, 111.
A few days since l received two copies of your paper,
The Revolution. Subsequently six copies more
came, and you may judge how my heart leaped ior joy
when I tell you that my life's work has been to so change
public sentiment on the subject of education as that
girls shall have all the opportunity allowed to boys, and
be welcomed to any pursuit in life for which God has
given them ability ; thus earning their own support and
making the world the better for their presence in it.
God be thanked. The world does move. Keep The
Revolution going. Agitate, agitate. The great fountain
of human elevation and salvation, is in commotion.
Angels have troubled its waters. The healing is sure.
FROM STOCKTON, CHANTANQUA CO., N. Y.
The Revolution I have before me is just the tiling.
In the language of Patrick Henry in the days of the Revo-
lution, let il come. 'I repeat it, sir, let it come, until
wrong everywhere shall be made lo see through its
columns the handwriting on the wall.
Ail old Abolitionist in Ulster county, N. Y.,
writes :
I am very much surprised at the course the Anti
Slavery Standard took in regard to The Revolution
and its objects. For weeks I had boon looking in the
Standard for a prospectus or something of the land, of
the new paper to he started, and would look tor it yet if
I had not received a copy of The Revolution and
the Sun containing Muller's protest.
THE ARREST OF GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
The following account of the arrest and deten-
tion of Mr. Train is condensed from the British
journals:
The Royal mail steamer Scotia, from Hew York on the
81k inst., was telegraphed off the harbor on Fridaynight.
The Jackal, tender of the Cuuard Company at Queens-
Iowd, proceeded to Rockespoint for the purpose of
bringing in the mails and passengers who might land at
Queenstown. The debarkation process having been
gone through, the Jackal returned to the harbor, and
the Scotia steamed on to Liverpool. It is usual for
policemeu in plain clothes to go out in the tender in or-
der to intercept suspicious persons, and in this instance
it would a op ear there were two detectives on board the
Jackal. There does not appear to .be any ground for
supposing that the authorities had reason to believe Mr.
Train was a passenger on board the mail steamer. The
accidental discovery by the detectives that Mr.' Train
was one of tbo three passengers who were coming in by
the tender, proved they were wholly unaware of his visit
to this country. During the interval which elapsed be-
tween the parting of the lender with the mail steamer,
and her arrival at Queenstown, one of the two detectives
discovered on reading a Hew York newspaper that Mr.
George Francis Train was proceeding to Europe per the
Scotia. The detective thus put on the alert, pushed the
inquiry a little further. Having provided himself with
a passenger list from the officers of the Cunard Com-
pany, he observed the name of Geo. F. Train, there
being no attempt apparently on the part of that gentle-
man to disguise his name. There was little difficulty in
finding out Mr. Train, who conversed freely with his
brother passengers, and with the casual passengers of
the tender, aDd attempted no concealment. On the ar-
rival of the Jackal at the Admiralty pier, the usual pro-
cess of searching the luggage was gone through, first by
the revenue officers, and subsequently by tko police.
During the search of Mr. Trains luggage, nothing par>
ticular occurred. He afforded them every facility in
their examination, and when the officers alighted upon
some old papers and documents, Mr. Train turned
them over, and told them they were pamphlets of his
speeches delivered in America. No sooner had the
revenue officers satisfied themselves as to the oontents
of the trunks, than the detectives politely intimated to
Mr. Train and the two other gentlemen that they might
consider themselves prisoners. Much indignation was
felt at the proceeding, and Mr. Train was heard to de-
nounce it in unmeasured language, Previous to the
prisoners being taken ashore, a messenger had been
dispatched to the police barrack acquainting the sub-in-
spector of the circumstances and requesting assistance.
A body of armed police were instantly ou the spot to
take charge of the party. Mr. Train and his friends,
who foil somewhat annoyed at the extreme measures
that had been resorted to, were conveyed to the Queen's
hotel, where their luggage was deposited. They were
subsequently taken to the residence of Mr. John New-
man Beamish, J.P., for the purpose Of being dealt with
by him. That gentleman happened to be absent from
home, and the prisoners were subjected to the ignominy
ot beiug paraded through the streets, until the residence
of Mr. T. H. Tarrant, J.P., was reached. Throughout,
the conduct of Messrs. Train, Durant, and Gee, was
most gentlemanly ; but of course the two former, as
American citizens, protested in the strongest manner
against the legality of the course pursued towards them.
Immediately after the arrest of Mr. Train, special
telegrams were forwarded by his directions to America,
Liverpool, Cork, and Dublin. The telegrams were to
the effect I am under arrest for words spoken in
America and on the high seas. This reminds me of free
America and Fort Lafayette. When requested to put
his name on the visitors book at the Queens hotel, the
great American speculator at once appended his signa-
ture, adding the words mentioned above. Mr. Train
has acquired a great reputation as a person of surpris-
ing energy and great financial powers.. His name is
well known from the system of tramways he endeavored
to introduce into London some years since. He has
been recently identified with the agitation of the Female
Suffrage question in America. Material interests have
not been forgotten by him, however. In the carrying
out of the great enterprise oi the Pacific Railway to unite
California with New York, he has been an indefatigable
auxiliary, and it is said he has realised a fabulpus
pile of money by the commissions and judicious land
speculations he has earned and made in connection with
that undertaking.
Some of the scenes attending Mr. Trains ex-
amination before imprisonment, are graphically
given as follows in the Cork Weekly Herald:
Information had no doubt been sent over by the cable
that Train was on board, for deteotives came at once in-
to the Scotia and the tug was a long time detained be-
fore the Scotia left, as the police officers were careful to
examine Mr. Train's luggage, overhauling all his traps,
papers, and printed matter. Mr. Gee and Mr. Durant,
though not detained, both missed the train as their
luggage was also carefully looked to. No revolvers, fire-
arms, or munitions of war were found in Mr.-Trains
trunks.
There were several Irish papers, among others the
Ii-ish People, published by SullivanNew York Citizen,
Boston Pilol, also, a pamphlet of speeches delivered by
Mr. Train throughout Kansas, on the right of women to
vote. Also, a newspaper called The Revolution,
published in New York by a Miss Anthony and Mrs.
Stanton. All these were at once confiscated, the name
of The Revolution evidently suggesting some Fenian
plot. The crowd began to gather on the pier, and Mr.
Tombe, the head-coustable, Mi'. Mahony, aud Inspector
Richards escorted Mr. Train under arrest to the magis-
trate, Mr. Beamish. Mr. Gee and Mr. Durant and a
posse of sub police and porters brought up the rear. The
procession was not such a light one, for the lanterns
wore dark, the hill steep, the journey long.
After finding the magistrates house, an Irish
maiden put her head out of an upper window and an-
swored that Mr. Beamish was nob at home. Mr. Train
here protested against being walked all over Queenstown
to find a magistrateand tried to have Mr. Durant go ou
with the night expressbut he seemed inclined to see
Train through the difficulty. Train seemed to enjoy the
affair largely, and wished them to understand that this
time they had a bona fide American citizennot a natur-
alized citizenand that in America one was' the same as
the other, as England would find outbefore many moons.
The midnight freeman marchedit was now nearly one
oclocka long way over the hill, the rain coming down,
reminding Train that the children of the mist we,fe
nob ontireiy extinot. .After a half hours march they
came to a lodge, where, after reconnoiteriug from a win-
dow, as at Mr. Beamishs, a woman came down and
opened the door, and then came another long walk
through a hedge-row to a magistrate, Dr. Tarrants resi-
dence. After some knocking the doctor made his ap-
pearance, and then followed the midnight examination.
MagistrateWhat is all this for ?
MahonyThis gentleman is under arrest for getting
up a Fenian rising in Dublin.
Magistrate (turning to Gee)Well, sir, what did you
say ?
PolicemanNot him, your honor, but this is the man.
He heard him say it.
Magistrate (turning to Traiu)1This man ?Yes. What
is your name ? TrainGeorge Francis Train of Amer-
ica.
MagistrateWhere did you advocate such measures?
TrainWhat measures ?
PolicemanThis is the man who gave the information.
Mr. Gi e--
Gee (excited)I; what?
Policeman MahoneyYod said Mr. Train had used
seditious languagewas going to make a great doal of
money out of the Fenian rising ?
Mr. GeeI never said anything of the kind.
MagistrateWhat did you say that Mr. Train said ?
GeeWell, he talked on many subjects. This police-
man asked me on board the boat what Mr. Train said. I
told him he talked on religion, on politics, on Fenian-
ism.
TrainTell the justice. exactly what I did say.
GeeI cant; I dont remember.
MagistrateWhat information did you give the con-
stable that he should detain Mr. Train ?
(Here the chief-constable zoplied to magistrate that
they had some private information.)
TrainWell, gentlemen, as I have not had any supner,
why not adjourn to the Queens and examine papers,
there ?
MagistrateThe hour is too late certainly now for
proper examination, but if Mi'. Train, who is well known
in this country for haviug many years since introduced
his street railways, will give me hi6 parole as a gentle-
man that he will not leave Queenstown without seeing
mo in the morning, I will leave the matter in that way.
TrainLet me ask a question ? Suppose I did say
that England must pay the Alabama claims or fight; or
that American citizens in English jails must be released,
or there must be war with America, or anything else on
board the Scotia, or on the high seas, do you pretend to
tell me, that you, as a magistrate of England, have any
jurisdiction over it ?in other words that I cannot say
what I please about the English government when I am
half way accoss the ocean ?
MagistrateYou may not be aware, Mr. Train, that
the Habeas Corpus act is suspended in Ireland, and the
law is very rigid on any question of treason.
TrainExactly; but British law OEly extends three
leagues from the British waters, and I defy any one to
accuse me of any seditious language since my arrival. I
came here to get my royalty on my street railways. I
have the concession ior Cork yet, and am going to Dub-
lin to see what has been done.
MagistrateI know Mr. Train well by reputation, and
am willing to take his parole until the morning.
DurantWill you allow m to observe, Mr. Magistrate,
that Mr. Trains remark about making large sums of
money out of the Fenian rising probably referred to the
street railway ?
TrainAs the magistrate has taken my parole, suppose
we adjourn to the hotel.
And the conspirators were duly marched back through
the park, through the streets, to the Queens.
To the surprise of Mr. Train, another searching ex-
amination took placeevery piece of clothing turned in-
side outand the Irish papers carefully examined, es-
pecially The Revolution, Miss Anthonys Womans
Rights organ, seemed to be the special paper confiscated,
the word Revolution being associated with the Fenian
rising. After the Irish American magazines and news-
papers, Mr. Trains carpet bag was overhauled. Here
wore several magazinesHarpers Weekly, The Atlantic
Monthly, and others ; all these had to he read. '
It was now about three oclock when the constables
commenced examining Trains person. First, took out
some private letters and some shares of the Credit Fon-
der of America, showing that Train was President.
(Here the Police found some letters addressed to the
Duchess of Sutherland, the Right Hon. Garthorne Hardy,
arid Sir Roderick Murchison, which Mr. Train read in a
. loud voice to the officers.)
Also some other papers showing that he was the chief
organizer of the Union Paoific Railway as well as the
Credit Mobilier; also, papers showing that he was owner
of some five thousand lots in the new city of Omaha.
These papers were all returned. Then came Mr. Trains
pocket-book and memorandums.
The documents were seized with the greatest avidity,
and the officials commenced to peruse them. Mr. Train
who facilitated the search in every respect and showed
by his manner that he wanted to hide nothingperceiv-
ing the evident embarrassment of the policemen in their
endeavor to make out the writing, took the papers in his
own hand and read for their entertainment what seemed
to be the most objectionable passages. His delivery was
marked by much clearness of utterance, and he laid con-
I siderable emphasis on anything referring to the pros*
t


83
pei'ity of this country or hostility to the English govern-
ment which was denounced in strong expressions. Mr.
Train appeared in the utmost good humor and chaffed
the policemen in the most satirical manner. A poem
which was written by himself in denunciation of DArcy
MGee, and which was entitled An Irish enemy to the
Irish people/ Mr. Train recited with the utmost gravity
to the inlinite disgust of the policemen, who listened
with subdued feelings of anger. Each verse terminated
with the words once a friend, a Mend no morecut
off, on which he laid particular stress, aocompanied by
some galling observation addressed to the constables.
On being ashed for his autograph, he wrote, in presence
of the officers :
Whether on the gallows high,
, Or in the battles vau.
The fittest place for man to die,
Is where he dies for man.
To another he wrote
Pay Alabama claims, or fight. Release American
citizens in-English jails, or war is certain.
The friend to whom we were indebted on Tuesday for
the particulars of the first act of this extraordinary trans-
action lias supplied us with the following continuation
of the narrative : It seem3 that after our report of yes-
terday was closed, leaving Mr. Train in the Police Bar-
racks at three oclock on Saturday morning, he spent the
night on the floor under a special guard. In the morn-
ing, under the guard aforesaid, he was escorted to the
Queens hotel, where he was allowed to breakfast with
Mr. Durant, the guard closely watching their prisoner.
He was then, about teu oclock, taken back to the bar-
racks where he was examined before a full board of mag-
istratesDr. Tarrant, Mr.French, Mr. Beamish, and Mr.
Hamilton. We havo failed to get the evidence taken
down by Mr. Hamilton, the Chairman of the Board, and
forwarded to London, but give as near as possible the
proceedings.
Among those present were the magistrates aforesaid,
the American Consul, Mr. Eastman, the Head-Constable,
Mr. Tombe, the Sub-Inspector, Mr. Richards, and Mr.
Mahony. __
We do not pretend to give the exact words or anything
more than the skeleton of the cross-examination.
Mr. HamiltonWhat name?Tombe gave his name,
and was duly sworn.
Mr. HamiltonWhat is your charge ?
(Tombe here stated his presence in the tug from the
Sieotia, his examination of Mr. Trains trunks, his finding
of Fenian papers and Fenian pamphlets.)
MagistrateDid you hear Mr. Train make any re-
marks ?
TombeNo.
Mr. HamiltonDid he give you every facility for look-
ing over his luggage ?
TombeYes, your honor, and presented me with one
or two pamphlets and papers.
Mr. HamiltonWhat were the documents ?
(Tombe here handed the Magistrate copy of the Wo
' mans Rights paper, The Revolution, and of a pam-
. phlefc of speeches made in Kansas.)
Mr. HamiltonHave you marked these papers ?
TombeYes, your honor.
Mr. HamiltonWhat were the other papers ?
(Mr. Beamish here handed over the several Irish pa-
pers.)
Mr. HamiltonAre these all ?
TombeNo, your honor ; and he handed in Trains
great speech to the Fenian Congress, to six hundred
head centres and six thousand Fenians in the Academy
of Music, Philadelphia, 1865 ; also, Trains great speech
in London, before the St. Patricks Society, in 1861.
Mr. HamiltonAre these papers and speeches all
marked ? ~
TombeYes, your honor.
Mr. HamiltonAnd you bring this charge believing
that Mr. Train is furthering Fenianisin ?
TrainMay it please your honor, if not out of order ;
may I ask a question ?
Mr. HamiltonCertainly.
TrainThank you. I was about to ask whether the
police are higher in authority than the magistrates, or
are the magistrates over the police ?
Mr. Hamilton.The magistrates, of oourse. Why ?
TrainBeoause when taken before the magistrate Tar-
rant, last night, who evidently saw there had been some
mistake, he asked me to give my word as a gentleman
that I would not leave Queenstown without his permis-
sion, and I was consequently discharged. Yet the police
re-examined me, searched my pockets, and kept me un-
der guard in the barracks, leaving me to suppose that
the magistrates were under the police. ,
%\n lUvtfttttims.
Mr. TarrantMr. Train gave me his worjl, and on that
I was satisfied to let the matter lay over.
Mr. HamiltonCall in the Inspector.
(The Inspector, Mr. Richards, appears and is sworn.)
Mr. HamiltonWhat is your statement?
(Inspector Richards here gave much the same informa-
tion, but less clearly)The Head-constable brought those
papers and pamphlets, and I felt that Mr. Train shonld
be kept under arrest. Constable Mahony heard some-
thing on board the boat.
Mr. HamiltonDid you hear Mr.. Train make any re-
marks ?
RichardsNo, vour honor.
Mr. HamiltonCall Constable Mahony.
Mr. Beamish here asked Mr. Train if he would not like
to have the American Consul, which Mr. Train at first
declined, preferring to manage his own case ; but after-
wards he was sent for, as Mr Train wished to make a
protest and have it certified.
Mahony appeared and gave some further evidence, and
the following warrant was made out:
14 and 15 Vic. cap. 93Form E. b.
WARRANT TO COMMIT (OR DETAIN) FOR TRIAL, ETC.
The Queen Complainant:1 Petty Sessions District o.f
George Francis Train [ Queenstown, Cour ty of
Defendant.) Cork.
-----------------:------Whereas, complaint was
made on the 18th day of January, 1868, on the oath of
Head-constable Tombe, that George Francis Train had
in his possession on the 17fch instant certain documents
for the furtherance of Fenianism : This is to command
you to whom this warrant is addressed, to lodge the said
George Francis Train in the Gaol at Cork, in said coun-
ty, there to be imprisoned by the keeper of said Gaol as
follows :for eight days for further examination, and for
this the present warrant shall be sufficient authority to
whom it may concern.
(Signed) T. Hamilton, Justice of said County.
This 18th day of January, 1868.
To Sub-Inspector Richards, Royal Irish Constabulary.
The American Consul told the magistrates they had
better let Mr. Train go, but magistrate' French said it
would cost them their commissions. Mr. Train then
wrote his protest, holding the government responsible
We could not get a copy of this paper. The confiscated
documents, including several copies of the Womens
Rights paper, The Revolution, were forwarded to
Dublin, and Constable Tomb and another, each with a
carbine, marched Mr Train through the street to the
Cork station, where Thomas 0. Durant, the managing
director of the Pacific Railroad, who landed with Mr.
Train appeared, but was unable to give any assistance.
Mr. Train upon being put in a third-class carriage, asked
Mr. Hamilton if he could not go in a first-class. Mr.
Hamilton said he was uow ia the hands of the police.
Mr. Train then offered to pay the police first-class- fares,
which he did up and backsaying every man ought to
elevate himself when he could. The American "Consul
said that the governor of the jail was an acquaintance of
his, and he would write to him to do air that was attain-
able towards making Mr. Train as.comfortable as possi-
ble till discharged. This is a hasty sketch of the pro-
ceedings up to to the present time of being sent to Cork
jail. We were wrong in stating that Mr. Train was at
first released at Queenstown, and then re-arrested. He
has not been out of the hands of the police since bis ar-
rival until discharged yesterday.
COMMON SENSE QUESTIONS.
---1---
The Fall River (Mass.) Times asks, on the.
right of woman to suffrage, citizenship and oc-
cupation, what good reason is there that the mat-
ter should not be left optional with her ? Why
should not woman exorcise her judgment, taste
and ideas of propriety in those matters pertain-
ing more especially to herself, without the inter-
posing prohibition of mans guardianship ? It is
not a question whether all women shall
or shall not vote, but whether those that are
duly qualified may not vote, if they shall choose
to do so ? If suff rage is a human right, by what
authority does man deprive woman of it? Why
should not woman follow the bent of her genius
without hindrance ? Why may she not .pursue
the study of music, literature, painting, sculpture,
mercantile pursuits or politics, if she feels it her
duty to do so ? Why should she be debarred
from any avenue of industry or usefulness for
which she feels from her inmost soul that she
has a right to enter? Who has set man a judge -
and ruler over her in this regard?
There are women who declare that it is their
desire to have a voice in the choice of officers of
that government which taxes them for its sup-
port. Some of these ladies have established a
newspaper called The Revolution, to ad-
vocate theiL1 cause, with Mrs. E. Cady Stanton
and Mr. Parker Pillsbury as editors-in-chief. We
have not seen a copy of this defender of womans
light of suffrage, but know fall well that, with
these persons at its head, it will prove an able
and vigorous defender of right, and a most in-
trepid and uncompromising assaulter of wrong.
CONVENTION OF THE UNIVERSAL
PEACE ASSOCIATION.
This body has just held a meeting in the city
of Washington. Among those present were
Alfred H. Love, of Philadelphia, who presided;
James M. Peebles, New Jersey; Father Beeson,
Oregon ;L. K. Joslin, E. I.; Mrs. Rachael Love,
Philadelphia; A. F. Cunningham, Washington,
D. C.; Joshua Hutchinson, of the famous
Hutchinson troupe ; Mrs. L. E. Dundore, of
Baltimore ; Mr. Lowry, of the Post-office De-
partment ; Dr. J. A. Rowland, of Washington ;
Mrs. Dr. Hathaway, of Boston ; Mrs. Anna Dan-
ton Cridge, Mrs. Josephine S. Griffing, of
Washington, aud Mrs. E. Cady Stanton, of New
York, editor of The Revolution. The pro-
ceedings reported are voluminous, the resolu-
tions were numerous, and the discussions,
though spirited, appear to have been harmoni-
ous.
The following are a part of the resolutions
considered, aild adopted unanimously:
Resolved, That as governments have no right to legal-
ize piracy, slavery and murder, th^y have no right to
legalize war, and it is the right of men, everywhere, to
refuse to obey governments when they require the
wounding and killing of men as an occupation. Tho
king has no more right to order to death the innocent
subject than the subject has to assassinate the king.
That we rightly deem the people barbarous who, in the
past, tortured aud killed men for religion, and we rightly
deem the* caunibals of to-day barbarous who kill men,
without torture for purposes of domestic economy. But
it is as barbarous to-day to torture and kill men for poli-
tics as it has been m the past to torture and kill men tor
religion, and no more justifiable .to kill men for political
eepnomy than it is to kill men lor purposes of domestic
economy.
That America stands to-day humiliated before the
world, in that for Ihe emancipation of 4,000,006 of slaves
she has enslaved 4,000,000 of other men as soldiers, of
whom 1,000,000 are sacrificed to death; while Russia
within the some period has emancipated 24,000,0t;0 of
serfs, and England has made suffrage more universal v
than it at present exists, among us, without the sacrifice
of human life.
That human rights are womens rights; not freed-
mens rights, nor Indian rights, nor Chinamens rights
on the Pacific coast, but human lights ; fraternity and
equality, being considered the foundation-stones in
the peace movement.
That it is a good sign of peace and progress that I lie
laboring classes of Europe and America are denouncing
war in their labor unions, and if they will refuse any
longer to do the fighting, suffer the torture, and pay the
war tax, from conscientious convictions of the wrong,
and leave the rich men of the land to fight tho battles,
no.goneial can find an army.
That a standing army is a standing evil and reproach,
and while not'a means of defence, is an ever-present
danger, aud we regard with serious apprehension the
immense strengthening of the armies of Europe; and if
the money squandered in war and the preparations
therefor were applied to secure every one a fair start and
chance in life, war would be impossible.
That the war against the Indian is a disgrace to our
age and country. The same principles of friendship,
equal rights and justice, as were established by William


84

Pens, would bring us as lasting a peace and love for our 1
nation as were enjoyed in bis time in Pennsylvania. j
Joshua Hutchinson, of New Hampshire, fur- ]
nished beautiful interspersions of music, vocal 3
and instrumental :
Mr. Joslin read a letter from the Paris Peace
Society, and Mr. Peebles one from Madame
Stayr, of Geneva, Switzerland. The President
said they had received a large number of letters
from different parts of the country, but time
would not permit him to read them.
The President, Mr. Love, made a few intro-
ductory remarks, in which he endeavored to jus-
tify those of his society in the views they enter-
tained on the subject embracing war and peace,
and stated that it was not surprising that the re-
construction of the South was being done on
the basis of the war plan, but it was a mistake.
Even Henry Wilson, who knew enough to be
an advocate of temperance, a convert to Chris-
tianity, and a friend to the freedmen, still holds
his position as chairman of the Committee on
Military Affairs; and Charles Sumner, who gives
us his lecture on The Grandeur of Nations, an
eloquent peace sermon by the way, still is not
a peace man. In passing through the rotunda
of the Capitol and seeing the symbols of war,
it was not to be wondered at that a general is
spoken of as a candidate for the Presidency.
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was introduced,
and said she had five boys, and had raised them
on peace principles. She related several instan-
ces where she had put these principles in prac-
tice. When she advocated tnat one-half the
police force of New York should he women,
there was much comment. She believed that
the iorce being composed more of women, would
be more effective, tor women would use mercy.
She was not willing to trust criminals to men
alone. She believed that man and woman
should work together. As that wise old black
woman, Sojourner Truth, said once: Why
should the world walk on one leg when she has
two ? In New York they had established a
paper called The Revolution. It was a
bloody name. They must begin to give the
ballot to women, and she would vote against
war, for she knew the value of life more than
man did.
Mrs. Stanton offered the following resolution,
which was adopted :
Whereas, The principle of inequality has been tried in
government over and over again and uniformly failed, let
us demand in the reconstruction of our government
equal rights to all, irrespective of sex and color."
Mrs. Stanton said she protested against the
extension of suffrage to the negroes alonethat
is manhood suffrage, and ignorant manhood at
that; but the right of suffrage should be
given to all men and women together.
The chair remarked he was for Revolution in
a peaceable, loving spirit, and hoped that there
would be a Revolution from wrong to right.
Miss Cridge urged that in order to gain peace
it was sometimes necessary to go to war. She
believed in peace, and we ought to have peace,
peaceably if we can, and forcibly if we must.
Mr. Austin, of Louisiana, said that while he
was fully committed to the great objects of the
Congress, he thought that the resolutions went
too farthey counselled resistance to govern-
ment. He was here on a peace mission. He
came here the bearer of a memorial represent-
ing the terrible condition of tine people in
Louisiana. He thought the war his friend
(Mr. Heebies) had spoken of was near at hand.
Mr. Joslin said that women suffered more
than men during the war, and stated that during
the war the olergy came before the people, nrged
the men to enter the army, and they would see
that their families should not suffer. Tue men
left situations, were killed during the war, and
now their families receive pensions of $8 per
month; and this is not all: the scanty $2 per
week is taxed.
Mrs. Hr. Hathaway took the ground that
when a body becomes thoroughly diseased there
is a general breaking down. This nation was
so full of injustice, etc., that it was necessary to
kill off all indications of disease.. The policy of
the government had been to shut out everything
spiritual, and she would almost say moral.
When women had the ballot there would be no
war. In the last war, men in the field suffered
less than women at home. To-day taxation is
greatest on women, and yet you cry taxation with-
out representation. Poor seamstresses are taxed
for the support of this male government, and she
(the speaker) was for fighting. (Applause and
laughter.)
Father Beeson said one further resolution was
necessary:
Resolved, That the enfranchisement of Women is the
first step essential to the establishment of peace.
The Chair (Mr. Love) said that while they en-
dorsed the principle that women should have
the right to vote, if women must come and say
We must fight on ; he did not feel like en-
dorsing her.
Mr. Peebles thought that the war had not ac-
complished anything, and to-day reconstruction
had not been settled upon. War could not do
what adjudication could not do. The whole
question was now before Congress and the Ex-
ecutive.
He remarked that in the prevalence of war
Christianity he did not wish to be called a
Christian, nor have,the term reverend attached
to his name because he had once been a preach-
er. Notwithstanding the speech of Sister Cridge
last night, he believed women came nearest to
angels, and when the ballot is given to woman
the gambling-houses and drinking saloons would
be fewer, and the necessity of standing armies
would be removed.
The chair stated that about 10,000 ministers
not such as were about the Capitol and other
places, but ministers of the so-called Gospel
had been invited to the previous meetings, but
up to this time not one had appeared.
Mrs. Josephine S. Griding remarked that
when standing armies are abolished woman wifi
have secured her rights. Woman should devote
herself to the education of her children. She
proceeded to speak of what had been accom-
plished by the war, but all had not been done,
and referred to the many hundreds of people
starvingin the District for the want of bread and
employment, and said, Thi6 is one of the ef-
fects of the Presidents policy in vetoing the re-
construction bill. There will be no peace until
each family has a homestead.
A vote of thanks was moved to Mi*. A. H.
Love, the President, and adopted by acclama-
tion.
Mr, Peebles moved the adoption of the re-
solutions, and they were unanimously adopted.
The convention then adjourned to meet in
New York city in May next.
In Redfleld, Iowa, twenty-seven women lately sup-
pressed the whiskey shops. They have been twice tiled
for the offence, mid twice acquitted. Women can act, if
they cannot vote.
This was the desperation of legal helplessness.
Give those women the power of the ballot and
they will suppress whiskey and other nuisances
without violence.
SOUTHERN CORRESPONDENCE.
LETTEB FROM A MEMBER OF THE ARKANSAS CON-
STITUTIONAL CONVENTION.
Little Rock, Ark.1, Jan. 21, 1868.
Susan B. AnthonyDear Friend: I have this
day received your very interesting and compli-
mentary letter of the 9th instant, with Wo-
mans Rights Tracts and Revolution, and
hasten to answer; I have hastily scanned The
Revolution, and consider it the very thing!
Place my name on your subscription list, and
I will send you the money before our Conven-
tion adjourns. The times are so oppressive
that it will not be possible for you to get Ar-
kansas subscribers now, but I hope there
is a better day coming.
We have not yet reached the suffrage question
in our Convention. No doubt the freedmen
will be enfranchised ; but, alas! the people are
not prepared lor female suffrage. I intend to
do all within my power to have inserted in our
new Constitution a clause giving all citizens,
twenty-one years of age, the right to vote and
hold civil office. I believe that women are by
nature entitled to the same social, legal, and
political rights as men; and therefore your en-
terprise is certain to prove successful. It is
only a matter of time. You and the sex of
which you are such a noble representative, are
to be disenthralled and made in all respects
equal to those aristocrats who have so long with-
held from you your God-given and well-earned
rights. But this wi 11 require time and effort.
I made the first speech in Arkansas that was
ever made in the State in favor of Universal
Freedom, and expect to soon make the first
speech in favor of Universal Suffrage. For
the first, I have been robbed, shot, imprisoned,
and suffered as no man ever suffered and yet
lived ; and for the last, I expect to suffer re-
proach and slander, if nothing worse. But
none of these things move me. I intend to be
true to God and my own conscience, and es-
pecially to woman, whom I love above every
.other creature. I believe in Development, Pro-
gress, Reform, and Utility ; and I am willing and
anxious to render all people free, wise, virtuous
and happy.
I will send you our debates on the. suffrage
question, and a copy of the Constitution as soon
as framed. Very respectfully yours,
Miles L. Langley.
* COMMUNICATIONS.
LETTER FROM MRS. M. H. RRINKERHOFF.
Plattsburg, Mo., Jan. 20, 1868.
Dear Mrs. Stanton : lam justinreceiptof the
first number of The Revolution. I shall do all
in my power to increase its circulation. About
two weeks ago I received an'invitation to visit the
county seat of one of our adjoining counties, and
talk suffrage for woman a night or two.
I responded to the call, and a large court
room was completely filled both nights. Many
who opposed it before the meetings, after them
said it was Gods truth, and truth never could be
told too soon. I have visited several places
since then, and much interest is evinced every-
where. Last night was my third night here.
All that is wanting is light on the subject. One
thing is sure, negro suffrage never will carry
unless it is baited with a woman. The con-
servatives out here say, they dont care so much
for woman suffrage, but if negro suffrage must
come, they are in for the woman,' Every



85
man seems to think his wife and daugther as
good as a negro. The only way is to get our
politicians so completely stirred up as to render
them unable to settle the vexed question of Re-
construction, until they are willing to do justice
to woman, as well as man. Go on with the Re-
volution you long ago began. We have had a
Revolution of blood. What we need now is a
Revolution of ideas.
, ' Yours for Equal Rights,
M. H. Brinkerhoff.
EXTRACT OF A PRIVATE-LETTER FROM CENTRAL
NEW YORK.
I have just met The Revolution, and a
hasty glance at its contents led me to hail it as
the harbinger of a brighter and happier day for
the women of America; and, 1 trust, for the op-
pressed of all classes the world over, at no very
distant day. An organ to represent and advo-
cate the principles of equal rights and equal
privileges for men and women has long been
needed, and I hope The Revolution may
prove to be the, entering wedge that shall
ultimately rive the old parties into fragments,
and scatter the hoary systems of wrong which
have cursed the world for ages to the realms of
oblivion.
The Revolution has been read and re-read
in my family, and, I need scarcely add, with the
greatest pleasure and approval. It coincides
with the views we have entertained for a long
time, and we bid you, in the name of friendship.
and humanity, Godspeed.
If in any way the interests and success of your
paper can be advanced by me, I will cheerfully
do what I can. My time is almost entirely
taken up at my post in the printing office; but,my
wife says, if you will send us a copy of your
* Prospectus, ^_she will endeavor to get up a club
of subscribers for you in this city and vicinity.
I am a member of that numerous throng
known as the world's poor, having a large family
to care for, and to accomplish this am compelled
to labor sixteen hoursoutoftwenty-foorfor $12
p er week; so you will see that I am personally in-
terested in the success of some plan which will
revolutionize the whole world of work, and give
to. the toiling man and the hireling a fair equi-
valent for the expenditure of physical and mental
labor involved in their struggle to live.
I noticed in cable dispatches last night that
Geo. Francis Train, with others, who had just
reached Queenstown from New York, had been
arrested by the British authorities, on a charge
of being participators in the Fenian movement.
I trust the British government will soon be led
to see that its march in this direction is im-
politic and sucidal.
Truly and sincerly your friend.
LETTER FROM DR. LOZIER,r
My Bear Mrs. Stanton : I have the" three
first numbers of The Revolution, for
which receive my thanks, and $2 for one year's
subscription for myself and $2 for another sub-
scriber, Mrs. Dr. H. W. L., 325 West Twenty-
seventh street. It shall be on my table-for
those to read who may be waiting in my par-
lors, and all I can possibly do to obtain sub-
scribers for it shall be done.
I can truly say from my heart, thank God
that you were ever raised up to plead for us
poor women. But for you.I might now have
been in the alms-house, or buried in suffering
a nd rags.
Through you we have a law giving us a right
toour earnings, and may you live to see the
ballot in the hand of every woman who can
read and write in our land.
Your remarks on the health of our girls
are opportune and true. Surely, while men
everywhere, in the goodness and nobleness of
tlieir souls, are discussing the subject of the
ill health of American women, it becomes us to
inquire for ourselves and remedy the evil.
I know of many interesting facts, coming to
me in my daily practice, which professional
etiquette forbids me to publish. The subject
is a delicate one, and I see no effectual remedy
for the evil but free discussion on the subject
among women. I do not think women are
more vain than men, hut physicians as a class
have prevented proper physiological instruc-
tions for women, and only now and then one
(whom all his former medical friends desert the
instant he countenances a woman seeking such
knowledge) dare to instruct or encourage us.
The consequence is, deplorable ignorance of
every law of our being. A young lady last
week fainted on the floor of her dancing school.
A patient of mine being present, assisted to
loosen her clothing, and tells me she found
next her body, around her waist, a steel belt or
girdle made to compress her form. Another
lady told me a few days since that her family
doctor advised her to dress her young daughter
as tightly around her waist as she could pos-
sibly draw her corset to cure a palpitation of
the heart. The foolish mother believed and
obeyed, and shortly buried her daughter. I am
convinced that three-fourths of our Christian
women are suicidesf and physically more to he
pitied than the small-footed Chinese or the
flat-headed Indians ; and clergymen are verily
guilty in neglecting to lift a warning voice from
tlieir pulpits. 0 this subject of womans dress!
This cursed uterine epidemic, or maternal
blight among women, in consequence of their
ignorance in regard to healthful dress!
When will we be able to bring light out of this
darkness, or do anything to revolutionize pub-
lic opinion in regard to it? We are no more
vain of personal appearance than men, hut we
;need doctors of our own sex to teach women
to know their own organizations. Male doctors
will not do it. Said a celebrated physician to a
lady patient for whom he was prescribing, in
reply to a very important question : I am the
doctor, you the patient; you pay me to cure you*
not to instruct you. We must have physio-
logical light for women as well as justice at law,
the ballot, equal representation or no taxation.
I shall pay my taxes under protect till then.
C. S. Lozieb, M.D.
LETTER FROM SON. 8.D. B0U8T0K
Mb. Houston is well known in Kansas as
an earnest and consistent worker for the equal
rights of all men and all women.
Junction City, Kansas, Jem. 25, 1868.
Mbs. Stanton ani> Miss AnthonyDear
Friends : When the young men of Sparta were
with their king, Areas, in the army in Crete,
Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, marched his victorious
army on the beautiful city of Lacedaemon, and
you recollect the heroic woman, Archidamia,
in the absence of King Areas and his army,
gathered up the women, the hoys and the old
men and opposed his advance. All able to
fight she caused to rest, while with the women,
in one night, she dug a deep and broad ditch and
so fortified the place by the dawn of day that
neither the energy of Pyrrhus nor the power
of his war-trained elephants could force a pas-
sage to the city.
Your efforts for the enfranchisement of wo-
man remind me of this heroic struggle at the
gates of Lacedeemon. You war not with King
Pyrrhus, but his gigantic war elephants, made
strong by time. Nor can you use the ditch of
Archidamia, for the elephants have thrown a
large number of your own sex into it and filled
it. Will you continue the struggle when your
walls have been thrown down, your gates
burned, and the very citadel where you now-
are in the hands of a victorious enemy? Your
position is that of the skilful warrior mar-
shalling his forces for the final conflict. Mine
to ascend the mountain side, and from the clear
blue sky above the clouds, survey your position
as you battle with the combined afid organized
hosts ready for your overthrow.
From my stand-point, half way sloping up to
the crest of the Rocky Mountain chain, above
the fogs of the Mississippi Valley, I can dis-
tinctly see the clouds that hang along the base
of the Alleghanies, and that roll their circling
waves of chilling influence past your city north-
ward towards the Gulf of St. Lawrence. To
me your position. is one of transcendent gran-
deur. In the clouds you battle with the gods,
ihe leviathan of the old world, and the master-
drones of the new. Yon war with the elephants
of the land, and with their polished tusks they
will toss your thunderbolts high in the air. You
struggle with a nation mailed in conventional,
constitutional and statutory law, while social,
literary, and theological authority fastens you
to the past, and on each move you make will
level their burnished arrows at your Revolu-
tion. If you whisper that the women of the
land should have a voice in the government in
which they live, New England, the friend of
man, will pour the chilling blasts of the old world
on your heads. The Pilgrim Fathers turned
the college door on woman, and the Middle and
most of the other States have copied the ex-
ample, and now from the Atlantic to the Pacific
you find woman dwarfed intellectually as well as
physically. You find her banished to the per-
formance of the meaner and less important duties
ot life, while the exercise of political rights has
opened up all the avenues of wealth and influ-
ence to the other sex. The vote that closed the
college door on woman has fllled the land with
a selfish medical faculty to handle and treat the
weaker sex. The cloud that has obscured the
recognition of her God-given rights has filled
the land with mental, moral and material weak-
ness. The nation has stricken down the rights
of woman, and the warm sun of a mothers love
sheds but a feeble political light on the path-
way of her boy as he passes from the cradle to
the sovereignty of the nation. Do statesmen
dream of a great and patriotic nationality, while
the mothers of the land have no intelligent
knowledge or deep seated sympathy with the
government under whioh they live ? The meas-
ure of a womans affectionate interest in the
government must ever remain just .equal to the
standard of her political freedom. Then must
the political slavery of woman cease, and she
be called on to take a part in the government in
which lie all her hopes.
I trust the noble men and women of the na-
tion will come to your rescue and aid you in
sustaining The Revolution, in whioh the
entire world has a deep and increasing interest.
Yonrs, for extension of human freedom,
S. D. Houston.


86
CHILD MURDER.
Editors of the Revolution:
The editor of the Tribune, 27lb ulfc., trader the
head of Child Murder, s*.ys : Give us well
conducted foundling hospitals. Through the
columns of your paper I beg leave, to propose to
the liouorable editor the necessity of an addi-
tional wing at each end of those hospitals for
the benefit of the mothers of those poor victims
to surround them with such reclaiming influ-
ences as will lift them out of the horrible pit,
on to an impregnable rock of safety, where they
may look down upon their degradation with dis-
gust, and up to the god-like destiny they might
achieve for themselveswarding off a necessity
which God never created, of making a compro-
mise with evil, disaster, and death. While they
of the Trib une would lop off the branches of a
moral evil, why not at the same time aim a
distinctive blow at the root, and stay the swell-
ing tide of pollution that blasts humanity by
rearing a species of human life filled with the
seeds of physical and moral disease, in many
instances mere cackling bipeds, with scarcely
soul enough to be classified under the head of
accountable beings ? So long as the hellish work
goes on of hurling woman into misery and a
complication of all crimes, for the love of
heaven let us have no more soft-solder from
the press about the word protection. How
are the women encouraged and protected at 37
Park How, who have volunteered to place our
half of the race above the reach of those gilded
snakes that hail from the rank and file of our
protectors? Such Mend had hapless Eve
when oer the diamond battlements of Eden he
leaped into heavens blest fold. Man may fall a
thousand times andrise, and man will still cheer
him on ; woman but once, from lifes great feast
she passes out, cursed and forgotten. The gen-
tlemen of the Hew York press, embalmed in
chivalry, have painted in characteristic, life-like
colors their real meaning of the term protec-
tion. In all their stateliness, manliness, moral
beauty and grandeur, they have answered the
question of encouragement and protection, viz :
Stay at home and mind your own business.
Not to rob the editors of the Tribune of their ex-
clusive rights, I leave them to unfurl their own
bannerto rally under it all their weak brethren
who refuse to answer to the call of Jesus in
casting the first stone.
O ye men of pens and types, does not the
fearfnl state of things admonish you not to wait
for the terrible effects of moral evil to remove
the cause that produced it, thereby inviting the
fate of Sodom to overtake the city of New York ?
Mas. J. Sumner.
Womans Wrongs.The editor of the American
Baptist, ina notice of Gail Hamiltons Wom-
ans Wrongs, thinks the great trouble with
Miss Gail is, that woman will always love man,
and man will always love woman. Womens
love of men, she says, is so much stronger than
their love of justice, that they would go wrong
with men, rather than right against them. And
so her hopes of doing anything for the
present generation of women are very small.
She does not believe really in suffrage for wo-
men ; and in this she and the editor of the _Bap-
tist would not differ very widely perhaps, for he
says, when a majority of the staid and sober
women of the United States make up their minds
to cast their ballots, we shall see their husbands
just as much in favor of it as the wives. We
think that the mothers of onr land are doing a

good deal more for their country than the states-
men and politicians who do the voting. A
notice of Gail Hamiltons book referred to above,
may be looked for in The Revolution next
week. Ticknor & Fields, Boston, are its
publishers. New York: 63 Bleecker street.
Miss Bessie Bisbee.This talented young
lady is lecturing in Minnesota, and the journals
of that State speak in high terms of her perform-
ance. Of her address in Minneapolis the 'Iribune
of that city says :
As a literary production, Miss Bisbees lecture will
bear much praise. It was delivered with correct elocu-
tion and graceful gesture that gave it a fine effeot. Com-
ing to the question of suffrage, she of course insisted on
the right of woman to be placed on equal terms with
man ; but sbe did not claim suffrage as a natural right,
neither did she believe it should be universal. Sbe
favored mating intelligence the basis.
Mrs. E. A. Kingsbury.The Bloomington
(111.) Pantograph thus reports one of our best
co-workers in the cause of human enfranchise-
ment :
Mrs. E. A. Kingsbury, an accomplished lady, and an
eloquent, dignified and agreeable speaker, has given us,
in her three lectures in this place, an earnest, clear and
compact setting-forth of woman's claim for the ballot.
Her method of treating her theme was very good. She
exhibited'the energy and generalship of one who knew
every inch of the field, and every position of the enemy.
Her advanced forces were the eternal and self-evident
principles of right and justice, and lier reserve corps the
most pertinent and incontrovertible facts, which she de-
ployed to excellent advantage. Mrs. K. certainly does
no discredit to her sex, either in respect to refinement,
to mental ability, scholarship, or womanliness ; nor can
the cause she advocates pos&ibly suffer in her hands. It
is only necessary to compare the present status of the
question of the suffrage with what it was ten years ago,
in order to see how much has been done by such intelli-
gent, intrepid and faithful women, whom may success
attend.
Angels aiw Politicians.The Des Moines
papers report a lecture as having been delivered
before the Library Assbciation of that city, by
Mrs. Savery, an Eastern lady of culture and
merit. A large and intelligent audience listen-
ed with deep interest, the subject of the lecture
being Angels and Politicians. It was a well-
written, well-delivered, unanswerable plea for
governmental franchises for women, was listen-
ed to attentively to the close, and frequently
greeted with applause.
What Shall be Lone with the Negroes ?
Madame' Charles Purvis, of African descent,
and a very fluent speaker, addressed an audi-
ence at Granada Hall, in Brooklyn, on Sunday
last. She was born a slave in Alabama, came
North and was educated at Oberliu. Since then
she has been a missionary and teacher in Hayti.
Her answer to the question, What shall be done
with the negro? is, take every heel off his neck
and give him fair play. Try Lima hundred years
first; and then another hundred if necessary.
Try him half as long as the white man in Amer-
ica has been in rising from nakedness, raw
meat diet and burrows in the earth to his pre-
sent condition, and then see what he will be.
Madame Purvis is young, of very pleasing as-
pect and address, and was heard with deep
attention to the end.
Lucs Stone in Massachusetts.The Worces-
ter Spy says:
Lucy Stone addressed our citizens Tuesday p.m. at
"Washburn Hall, on the subject of Female Suffrage.
She insisted on the absolute right of woman to the
ballot, and enforced her arguments with ample illustra-
tions of the disabilities which unequallaws have laid up-
on her even in Massachusetts. The ballot, and the bal-
lot alone is her relief and protection, and she urged that
now, while the nation is granting suffrage to a heretofore
disfranchised race, the other and larger class, of disfran-
chised women, he also invested with their natural rights.
Her arguments were unanswerable, and the audience
listened with close attention while, for nearly two hours,
she followed point by point the cavilings and objections
urged against her cause, frequently testifying their ap-
proval by applause.
Miss Welch, of Omaha, addressed the citizens
of Rockport, on the 22d inst., on Womans
Rights. Dr. D. Y. Snow was chairman, and
Mr. S. M. Dunn^ writes to the Journal: The
address was sharp and to the point. The speak-
er handled the subject in a forcible and novel
maimer, and evidently thinks she is laboring in
a good cause.
English Red Tare.The /oms of govern-,
ment are many, but government formalities are
multitudinous, as witness the following speci-
men from an English journal:
A lock was wanted, the other week, on premises in
Sunderland of which the Board of Admiralty has the
official charge. The proper local functionary accord-
ingly made application to their lordships at Whitehall or
Somerset House for an order to buy the lock, which
would cost two shillings. In due course he received
four or five iolio sheets of inquiries, the blanks in which
he had to fill up, and forthwith return. This having been
done, a gentleman was sent over from Tynemouth to
survey the bole in the door on which the lock was to he
put. He travelled first-class, and his railway fare and
hotel charges (for, of course, be required to lunch and
dine in Sunderland) came to a good round 6um. The
surveyors report was transmitted to London, under the
orthodox envelope, and then an order came down to
Sunderland authorizing the lock to be bought and fixed
on the door. Verily England is a great country.
The Hutchinsons.The Janesville (Wis.)
Advance reports the Hutchinson minstrels thus:
The Patriarch of the tribe of John, with hie son and
daughter, gave two of their concerts in this city, on Fri-
day and Saturday evenings last. They are still following
in the paths so long trodden by them, singing their
good old harmouies in praise of the right, and scorn
of the wrong. Equal Suffrage for man and woman is
the last motto inscribed upon their banner, and surely
it can have no better, worthier advocates than this
branch of the enthusiastic family that has so long been
waging their melodious war against slavery and intox-
ication.
Voltaire has always been supposed an Athe-
ist and opposed to Christianity. To the re-
ligion he saw and knew in France undoubtedly
he was opposed, and so was every intelligent
and virtuous man. But time teaches tolerance
and even compels'it, and a number of literary
men and philosophers are about to give him a
marble statue in Paris, and His Most Christian
Majestythe eldest son / of the ChurchNap-
oleon III., himself a philosophic author, will
patronize the undertaking. This is doing much
for the memory of that Arrowy sceptic.
But a more curious sign of the times was seen
lately in England, where Frazer's Magazine, the
high Tory periodical, contained a very well-
written article on Voltaires character and phil-
osophy. Instead of running both down in the
customary old way, it presented a very civil if
not conclusive justification of the arch-heretic
and his way of thinking.
French parents, it is announced, are prohibited even
from naming their children what they will, for fear that
some revolutionary character's name will be perpetuated.
The name of a child must be selected from the catalogue
of saints or from ancient history, and registered with
the mayor of the district.



HARDWARE AND DRY G^OODS FOR
CONGRESS.
Tax-payees are always complaining, but do
hot always investigate the grounds of their com-
plaints. It is now estimated that two years in
Congress are worth to the lucky, plucky fellow
who conquers a seat there, at least twenty
thousand dollars! What the post of Senator is
worth has not, so far as known, been calculated,
but may be inferred from the following little
schedule of hardware and dry goods annually
furnished fora single session. The Senate con-
sists of fifty-two members:
For pocket knives, 504 in number............$1,118 80
For pen knives, 405 in nnmber............... 1,204 60
Making 900 knives for these 52 gentlemen in
- one year, about 17 each; average cost $2.53, -
amounting to............................... 2,322 90
703 pairs of shears, about 14 pair each, cost... 325 00
Sponges......................................... 364 76
1,137 pairs of scissors, about 22 pairs each, at a
little over $1 a pair.................... 1,189 10
10 pairs kid gloves, about 4 pairs each, at $2.50
a pair................................... 525 00
116 Diaries..................................... 306 75
394 Portfolios, nearly 6 each, at about $4.... 1,104 00
647 Pocket books, 8 each, at about $2.50...... 1,019 50
409 Brushes..................................... 324 35
656 Pin cushions................................. 60 00
1,085 Boxes of pens........................... 1,896 64
2,203 Lead pencils.............................. 724 33
Newspapers and Magazines...................... 8,266 00
2,876>£ iteams paper......................... 4,092 39
1,807, 451 Envelopes........................ 10,904 07
WHY HAS NOT THE FENIAN MOVE-
MENT SUCCEEDED ?
Ireland has demanded a Revolution for cen-
turies. The apathy and neglect, the cruelty and
injustice of her rulers have long since reached
that height appropriately termed oppression,
one of the difficulties always to be apprehended
in those countries placed under foreign rule,
and whose masters are aliens in blood and re-
ligion, Under such circumstances there exists
a feeling of rivalry, and utter repression is re-
sorted to, as a means of removing all occasion
for that rivalry. But in process of time edu-
cation, mental growth, and finally the example
of other nations, indicate more of a progressive
character, which will grow, even among slaves,
despite the arbitraments of their rulers. To
meet this state of things, there exists in these
countries a peculiar kind of government patron-
age, so demoralizing in its effects, so enervating
to the strong life of a nation, that it becomes a
serious evil and a public curse. In no country
i n the world has this policy been carried out to
the fearful extent it has reached in Ireland.
There it furnishes material, not alone for blot-
ting out all true feeling from the national heart;
but, by a fiendish policy, Irishmen are taught to
forge their own chains, and daily walk amid the
sadness and waste of their unfortunate land,
hosts of them bound hand and foot in manacles
of their own manufacture. This fearful, debas-
ing process is termed patronage. Its true name
is bribery and corruption.
This evil, this horrid temptation, does a two-
fold mischief. It has bought, it continues to
buy over many an agitator, whose public career,
honestly enough begun, ends in this ruin. And
on the other hand it impels schemers and
scoundrels to brawl for awhile about public
rights, as a means to an end, merely to attract
attention, and make themselves purchasable
objects. For instance, in the struggle which
has so recently convulsed the Irish heart in
America, how often have we seen a man, un-
principled and base, who, possibly a spy in the
interests of that England he abused, or perhaps
a needy politician in prospective who fought
for his thirty pieces, and making the best use
of the little brogue he could not get rid oi,
swayed the Irishmen to frenzy, and moved the
Irish girls to give their hard-earned wages with
their admiration, to the dodger who polluted
the very name of freedom by taking it on his
unhallowed lips. The examples we have seen
in this country, furnish but an inadequate idea
of the form the evil assumes in Ireland. Could
we realize the fact fully, could we look into the
matter of government patronage, as it exists
in Ireland to-day, we might all the more readily
answer that oft-mooted question : Why cannot
the Irish people be more united.
Let us glance at the bribery giant for an
instant. It takes an undisputed seat in gov-
ernment offices; reclines upon the bench; strolls
through the Lords and Commons; wears mil-
itary and clerical attire; parades the army,
the navy, the constabulary ; presides at boards
of excise, at home and abroad. It meets the
aristocrat in his mansion, the poor man in his
cabin. Everywhere it teaches servility and
sycophancy, and, finally, degrades man from
Gods holy image to the likeness of the serpent,
and leaves for his children a heritage of slimy
shame.
' The minister and his satellites walk abroad aS
into a market, with money to buy, with prom-
ises for all. And it is hard to escape them, for
their nets are spread all around, furnished with
food for the hungry, and with inducements the
most tempting to those craving the mere tinsel
of existence. The fii3t class, the titled heads
of Ireland, are the most easily bought. They
sell themselves for a mere bauble, a royal levee,
a seat at some coveted table. They live away
from Ireland, and become English in tastes,
English at heart. Ireland's aristocracy are anti-
Irish, and sell their influence for English smiles,
and a liberal slice or so of patronage. The
second class, or that of the so-called Repre-
sentative men of the country, come into the
net in shoals, creeping things that they are.
Truly may their course be termed a facilis
descensuss averni.
Thus the river of corruption flows on; the
minister buys a tool, the viper with envenomed
fang is ready to sting him unless interest points
another way. Vice reacts upon vice, however,
and the social frame tottering fearfully, becomes
one mass of defunct virtue. We have shown
how the loathsome torrent of corruption has
been driven into the sacred channels of the
Irish nature, and to us it furnishes almost an
answer to the conjectures as to the difficulties
in the way of Irish regeneration.
The Irish are a brave race. They have aided
in throwing off the shackles of the oppressed on
many fields of battle; they have proved them-
selves thorough leaders for others ; they only
fail in leadership for themselves. They fail in
maintaining unity against bribery, more de-
structive'to the life of a nation than penal codes,
evictions, or famines, far more enervating
than quiet submission. The absentee class
drink corruption ; the representative class quaff
the abomination, and call it nectar ; while the
middle class, the. trades people, in turn, make
the members subserve their purposes. The
peasantry are yet true to the best interests of
their country. Toiling, praying, dying, the
peasant class go down to their graves unsub-
dued. But how long shall such a state of things
exist? The failure of *98, the ineffectual rising
of 48, the weakness of 67, but point to the
great dawning for another year.
The sky of Ireland brightens again. The Irish
people, refusing to be smoked out, burned
out, stamped out,fight to the death, and even
from prison cells send forth a war cry that can-
not be silenced.
The Fenian movement has not as yet suc-
ceeded, not that the Irish people are unworthy
their freedom/ not that they are incompetent
leaders, not that they have not the means to
support devolution ; but that they have been
divided by religious strifes, that seven centuries
of unremitting toil have succeeded in bringing
back to Holy Ireland the brood of serpents
which Saint Patrick fondly deemed he had
banished for ever from her shores.
JOKING EVANGELICAL.
The Boston Congregationalist and Recorder,
the organ of New England Orthodox Congrega-
tionalism, stirs up its coadjutor of the New
York Independent on its flaming advertisements
after this manner :
Keep Still.The Independent sends us a two column
advertisement, and asks for a first-rate editorial no-
tice.. We bave examined the two columns, and although
we felt, at first, that they might be objectionable as tine -
tured too strongly with quackery, yet we bave concluded
to insert them. And as to the Independent itself, we find
ourselves in no difficulty in suggesting points of value
in the paper.
1. It often pub'ishes very good poetry.
2. It occasionally prints, from some contributor, a
really good religious article.
3. We sometimes like some of the politics of the pa-
per.
4. It is a very large sheet, and is sometimes very
handy when one wants to tie up a parcel.
6. The paper in its present attitude and relations pro-
motes digestion. It makes people laugh, as witness the
following extract from a private letter just received
from an eminent divine in one of the most eminent
places in New England :
u By the way, I have had a number oi hearty laughs
by myseli, over the card of the seven medical attendants of
the Independent. These good Doctors tell us that they
have the patient uuder treatment; that there is hope in
the case; that the malady is really manageable. But they
say everybody must wain softly ab^ut the bedthe
whole house must he kept quiet. They will not answer
for their charge, if talking does not cease. The Congre-
gahonalist, especially, -must keep still. Take notice,
most humane editor. Meanwhile, the patient giggles at
them from uuder the sheets ; just touches his lips with
their pills, and dips the tip of his tongue in their solu-
tions ; pokes all manner of fun at all who think him sick,
and declares that he was never in better condition.
Dreamers they, who think of essentially changing the
Independent, so long as our Mend T. holds the helm.
But I laugh again, as I think oi that medical bulletin.
* Whisht/ says Paddy with his pig*! Dont say a word.
He thinks hes going to Kilkenny ; but Im driving him
to Cork. I doubt if our friends will ever get the Inde-
pendent to Cork, however silent- you keep. At all events
I shall wait for the bulletin which, announces a compieei
success. -
Courts of Justice.A boy iu Illinois, was
last week seduced into a prize ling fight, and
besides being but seventeen years old, lie had
had none of the usual hardening discipline, and
so was pummelled to de'ath. The court sent his
murderer to the county jail for thirty days! In-
diana at the same time had another case.. Judge
Chapman of the Criminal Court, Indianapolis,
sentenced Lewis Washington, a colored preach-
er, to ten years in the Penitentiary, and (o pay
a fine of $5,000, for marrying a white woman to
a colored man.
The Cavlinville (111.) Democrat, a bright little
prairie fixe, too, it is, hopes Geo. Francis Train
will recover his $500,000 from the British gov-
ernment and give him half of it.


88
Jne llntolution
Clje IfJfllDtioit.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PILLSBURY.
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 12, 1868, '
WHO OWN THE SOUTH?
Through all the military districts in the South, the
people are mercilessly taxed, and yet are denied national,
State, and even municipal representation. The conven-
tions represent nobody, unless it be the blacks, and
these own no property and pay no taxes ; but consti-
tute, in fact, a pauper population ; and the white people
who are not represented, but for whose further enslave-
ment these conventions are held, are required by the
negro conventions, backed by the military, to pay an
enormous additional tax into the pockets of negro dele-
gates. The tax, the expense and the humiliation fall
alone on the white population. The negro owns nothing,
pays nothing.
The style of the above quotation, from the
N. Y. TPorfcTis indeed a model. It is condensed
as in a steam boiler box, a hundred and sixty
pounds to the square inch. The writer should
issue a treatise on rhetoric. He is fit to be pro-
fessor of that branch of literature in any univer-
sity in the world. It is doubtful if any other
mind in America can so simmer down words
into ideas. At least, it is devoutly to be hoped
there is no other that could throw together so
many absurdities, to use no worse word, and
boil them down to so small a space. Only a
practical hand surely could do it.
The first lines tell what is true of both South
and North. And we join the World in daily
and nightly prayer for reduction. The second
line is true only in the sense of the little girl
who, in her mothers absence, tied herself to the
bed-post^ and then gave as a reason for letting
the cakes burn, that she was tied and couldnt
get to the fire. With our non-vertebrated Con-
gress and a President ready and desirous to rain
down pardons like dog-day showers, it is only
cowardico or wilfulness of the South that pre-
vents them from taking control of the country
in form as they already hold it in fact.
The fourth line corrects itself in part, for in
some States the blacks are a majority, and have
a right to'be represented accordingly of course.
Anything less than that surely would nob be
democracy.
But it is not true that the blacks do not re-
present the whites and the whole people. And
they are framing better governments for all
classes than those States ever enjoyed before.
They are providing for universal education, the.
only sure basis of any government short of down-
right despotism. They are organizing freedom
of speech, press and locomotion. They are
equalizing taxation and balancing it against re-
presentation, at least in the male hemisphere of
humanity. And that surely is a typo of demo-
cracy that has almost been extinct since the days
of Jefferson. They are hallowing the institu-
tion of marriage and parentage as against a
wholesale concubinage and lust, which have
reigned coextensive with slavery for almost a
century; until even the color of the native
African is robbed from him, so that no eye can
discern where white begins and black leaves off.
Work, too, is to be for wages and not for
nothingfor cash and not for cowskin, as in the
past. And the courts are to be for justice and
equality, based on character and not complex-
ion ; on humanity and not on caste and privi-
lage.
For all this and more of the same kind, the
Mongrel," the Mule Team the Black and
Tan the Sambo the Congo the Gorilla
conventions, as Northern and Southern demo-
cracy elegantly calls the Conventions in the rebel
Stitesare amply providing; and is there any
doubt as to the results compared with anything
in the name of government that those States
ever enjoyed before?
The' next declaration is, that the blacks own
no property and pay no taxes. What if all the
colored people of the slave States were paid a
fair days wages for afair days work for the last
forty years! Suppose they could secure prin-
cipal and interest for all the labor done by their
ancestors smee they began at Jamestown, Vir-
ginia, to build the South two hundred and fifty
years ago. Who, then, would own the South?
And who would own all the splendid manufac-
turing towns of the North built up by the-cot-
ton interest, while every fibre of that cotton was
salted with negro sweat and stained with blood
of slaves? All this, strict justice would award.
Nay, all that dreary toil, unpaid, unpitied; all
the suffering and woe, the sighs, the tears, the
torments attending it, are posted in the ledgers
of heaven ; and as the Lord God Omnipotent
reigneth, those awful accounts must be strictly
balanced, though it should melt down the
heavens, burn up the earth, and dry up all the
seas!
But it is not true that the negroes own no
property, pay no taxes. On the contrary, when
the war broke out some of the richest, most re-
fined and cultivated men in the South were
men of color. Two of them came to Washing-
ton on a mission to the President, in behalf of
their proscribed race. They continued their
journey to Boston, and not a hotel in that godly
city would entertain them; and they had to
take lodgings in a boarding-house, kept by a
humble but worthy man of their own color.
And yet at home one of them entertained the
Commander of that military post at a dinner,
with all his staff accompanying, served up in
thirteen courses, and every one on solid silver.
That the colored population are generally poor
at present, is true, because their white oppres-
sors cannot pay them; and the, North and the
government, the President, the Supreme Court,
Congress, the people, the pulpit, the church,
seem not to know that anything is due them.
But God kuows, and God is their attorney, and
woe to the debtors when he presents his accounts
if there be nothing to pay! .
The sixth line may be true of the black popu-
lation extensively; it surely is of the white.
But could the latter pay, even the principal of
the debt they owe the former, it would con-
stitute them the wealthiest population on the
globe.
But why untwist and comb out, one by one,
these fibres of falsehood and sophistry? The
remainder of the sentence, as will be seen, is a
continuance of them, which it would waste
time to unravel. So, in good country house-
keeping style, with the corn broom of a com-
mon sense fiat denial, we will just poke down
the whole unseemly cobweb, dust, dead flies and
all, the cunning weaver of it included, and
sweep them between the andirons.
That those Southern Conventions could be
improved, considered individually, or as bodies,
is doubtless true. But surely the New York
Convention and the Federal Congress might
take lessons of them to advantage in many par-
ticulars. "Whether they can build up stable
governments for the seceded States is doubt-
ful ; but not more so than is the question
whether the party in power can reconstruct the
Union, organize its industry, trade, finance,
and provide economically for discharging our
unwieldly and as yet unknown liabilities.
With a wise, statesmanlike policy at Washing-
ton, the States might be restored and secured.
But, with only sham and shoddy there, undoing
to-day the work of yesterday, and endeavoring to
make the work of both days subserve only the
ends of party, there can be no hope for North
or South.
As for the democracy, it still spells negro with
two gs, and ignores also, with rare exceptions,
the just claims of woman to suffrage and citi-
zenship. It still talks of nigger supremacy
at the South, in the most cowardly or hypocriti-
cal manner. For the whites are now a large
majority in all the States but two, and every
year will swell that majority by thousands the
moment the country adjusts itself to the ordi-
nary courses of a healthy nationality. So that,
under the circumstances, The Revolution
is compelled to plant itself outside both the
political organizations, and oppose both and all
their plans of reconstruction, until justice and
right are recognized, and intelligence and loy-
alty, not property, sex nor skin, are made the
tests of suffrage and citizenship. f. f.
ARE WE A NATION?
Mb. Sumner has been giving a lyceum lec-
ture to answer (affirmatively, it is said,) the
question, Are we a nation? Dr. Lardner,
one of the most eminent scholars of Great
Britain, was a year writing a book to prove the
utter impossibility of ocean steam navigation.
At the same time, down on the other side of
England, some ship builders were arguing the
affirmative of the question by building a steamer
that sailed for New York just in time to bring
Dr. Lardners learned treatise to prove that
what they had done was beyond all human pos-
sibility.
Mr. Sumner has labored to about the same
purpose as Dr. Lardner. He exhausted history,
old and new, sacred and secular, to prove that
we are a nation. An American citizen seized
in a foreign port, indecently searched in person,
papers mid effects, and then ignominiously im-
prisoned in the cell of a felon, ionocent of
crime, only to be laughed and sneered at by
press and people at home, proves, in spite of
Mr. Sumner, that we are not a nation, either
as to government or private personal manhood
and character.
-There is an oriental tale of a traveller who, in
his journey, passed through a country favored
with all heavenly gifts, and, most of all, with a
high, noble race of men, learned in laws of God
and all goodness, and so prosperous accord-
ingly and powerful.
Many years afterwards he returned, hastening
as he came to that land of all delights, where he
proposed to tarry long, perhaps the remainder
of his life. But as he entered over its borders
he saw no longer signs of prosperity and plenty,
but desert instead, without culture, without in-
habitant. And when he came to where the city
had stood in great splendor and beauty, there
remained not one stone upon another; the
ground was covered with a wild forest, and the
inhabitants, through violence done themselves
and the divine laws, were dwarfed and dwin-
dled to a race of apes, that chattered and



89
grinned at him from among the trees of the
wood.
Who is not reminded of this fearful parable
(if he ever read it) in observing the tone, both
of the American press and people, over the ar-
rest of George Francis Train in Great Britain,
not to speak of many other arrests before?
I am a Roman citizen could once be ut-
tered to the terror of tyrants over the then
known world. Our ancestors framed a govern-
ment under whose broad aegis they expected
citizenship to be respected at home and pro-
tected abroad. Their children, true to its ge-
nius, waged the war of 1812 with Great Britain
only to protect sailorsrights. We, their grand-
children, see one of our wealthiest men snatched
from the saloon of an ocean palace and incar-
cerated in a murderers cell, and we only
brutishly grin and vulgarly laugh and sneer at
the outrage. The pulpit, so far as known, is
silent; the press generally is worse ; and the
government, as yet, does nothing. All through
the war we trembled at the growl of ther British
lion, yielding up everything at command. Now,
a man is found who dares beard and brave that
lion in his den, and he is made the mirth and
mockery of his cowardly countrymen.
And we claim to have a government; a Presi-
dent, a Supreme-Court, a Cabinet, a Congress of
two houses, the whole costing millions per an-
num. We have a diplomacy, too, abroadCharles
Francis Adams, namely, Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of
Great Britain, and many others. Poor Adams
has resigned. Why should he not? Seeing the
outrage perpetrated on an American citizen, and-
his whole nation silent or chuckling mirth-
fully over it, what could he dowhat should,
he do but resign? How could he look a Brit*
ish subject in the face after that, prince or
peasant, peer or pickpocket ? He dich well to
resign.
But what is our government for ? Who is
Johnson or Seward, Chief Justice Chase,
Sumner or Banks, costing, each of them, the
labor of hundreds of the hardest working men
and women in the country to pay their salaries,
toiling day and night continually? Who are
they that they should thus cumber the ground
and burden the people to no mortal purpose
but to aggrandize themselves?
The President and his Commander-in-chief
are in a personal broil, to the disgust and dis-
grace of the country, only through politeness
refraining from giving each other the lie in terms.
Seward is pushing his real-estate brokerage,
buying icebergs and Esquimaux in the North-
west, earthquake and cyclone in the West Indies.
Meanwhile famine is keeping carnival in the
South, and, like an evil bird of passage, is wing-
ing its way rapidly North. The loyal, trusting
people have followed their leaders too long and
too far. A Cromwell or Napoleon Bonaparte
must arise ere long and call the nation to
order; rearing, it may be, a despotism on Re-
publican ruins What else can be reasonably
expected ? '___________~ . p. p.
What Revolution Costs.An excellent let-
ter from Washington, written by one of the
truest and best informed Abolitionists of the old
school, contains the following :
It seems to me our friends are killing themselves in
aiming to save our cause. Mr. Garrisons letter and Mrs.
Stanton's reply will be read, I think generally, with but
one opinion, by foe or friend. This misunderstanding,
but not wilful blindness, is but a repetition of old perse*
cutions and struggles in the anti-slavery cause at every
advance step; causing pain, to be sure, butjprodacing
also gain, and is inevitably a part of Revolution,
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN IN ENGLAND.
TEE MIRROR HELD UP TO NATURE
A government without strength or dignity at
home, can hardly be expected to care much for
affairs abroad. Bonaparte said, after one of his
terrible battles, generally I fight for victory;
to-day I fought for life. The republican admin-
istration to-day deems itself evidently in much
the same strait. And so we have to be thankful
for the minority party to keep alive and before
the people subjects and interests that bave some
bearing on the national life and well being.
Most of the republican journals dismiss the re-
cent arrest of an American citizen on British
ground, and his exposure to insulting searches,
ignominious imprisonment and other almost
nameless outrages, with a joke, a scoff, or a sneer.
The Nw York World, on the other hand, de-
clares it is impossible to read these accounts
without feeling that the honor of the American
government and the safety of American citizens
in foreign countries demand from our national
authorities something more than a general
protest against an outrage so high-handed
Mid unjustifiable. We now have it not only
from the victim himself, but from the local
journals and the police reports of this extraordi-
nary transaction', that an American citizen of
native birth was arrested, subjected to repeated
and insulting personal inquisitions, and thrown
for several days into a felons cell, on the strength
not of any acts done, or pretended to be done
by him on British soil, but simply and avowedly
because be had made speeches, etc., in America.
The arrest of Mr. Train in fact was as flagrant a
violation of right as it would have been for Mr.
Kennedy, during the late civil war, to arrest and
lock up in Eldridge st. Jail, Mr. Spence, of Liver-;
pool, or Lord Brougham, had those conspicuous
defenders of the Confederate cause in England
thought fit to visit America on private business.
Precisely how much or how little the American
representatives in England did to .bring this
scandalous act in its true light before the Brit-
ish government, does not yet appear. Mr. Train
himself, laboring under a degree of excitement
not wholly unnatural to a man who suddenly
finds himself clapped into a nine-loot cell with-
out a bed, a tooth-brush, or a change of linen,
angrily avers that, while he was suffering this
wrong, the American government was drink-
ing whiskey and playing poker. This is an ex-
aggerated statement, no doubt, but without
passing now upon the greater or less energy al-
ready displayed in this matter by our own au-
thorithies, we may confidently say that no more
time should now be-lost by them in exacting the
fullest measure of reparation for this violation
of national and personal lights, and in making
the repetition of such a performance impossible
for the future.
We hear much about what Mr. Stewart is go-
ing to do for the New York poor, but we know
of nothing that he has done as yet to benefit
them, and we fear wc never will. Philanthropy
would be a nobler monument to his memory
than a needless marble mansion!
What Should Often be Done.At a recent
lecture in a neighboring city, a gentleman
arose and asked the lecturer tc wait a few min-
utes until a couple of young ladies near him had
finished talking. The request was applauded
and the nuisance abated.
A Russian lady, Hme. Sousloff, has obtained a diplo-
ma 86 Doctor of Medicine in the University of Zurich.
LETTERS FROM GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
The New York World of the first instant had
a series of letters from Geo. Francis Train, writ-
ten while on his passage to Great Britain. The
following are a part of them :
Theee-Fotjrth Seas Over,)
On BoAed the Scotia, J
January 14,1868. )
Fair wind, thirteen knots and a half, on the high seas.
Why dont we say, the waves are down on the low seas?
NO AMERICAN FLAGS IN NEW TORE HARBOR.
What a sad sight to an American. The Danish flag,
the French, the Prussian, the Spanish, the Dutch and
the English flags everywhere, but no American bunting.
Everything in New York is loreign. Foreign jewelry,
foreign dry goods, foreign toys, foreign ships, foreign
bankers, foreign merchants, all our financial and com-
mercial business managed through the Bank of England.
Tke rollensst institution to-day in the worldoutside the
British national debt.
FOREIGN LINES OF STEAMSHIPS. .
Ten lines, but no American steamer. Hamburg and
Bremen Line, Glasgow Line, French Line, Guions Line
(Gnion is a Credit Mobilier and Fonder copartner), Cana-
dian Line, Cunard Line, North German Line, Inmans
Line, London Line, and two or three more not in my
memory. What a disgrace to American shipowners,
American bankers, the American Congress. Vanderbilts
jealousy and avarice and Browns mismanagement de-
; stroyed the Collins Line.
THE FRENCH LINE.
The Yille de Paris, St. Lament, Perirre, Europe, and
Napoleon Third are the finest steamers in the world.
Four of them were built for the Credit Mobilier in Glas-
gow.
THE CUNARD LINETHE MAGIC OF SUCCESS.
Give Cunard his due. Its a wonderful line. Punctual
as a mail coachregular as an express train. Fortwen-
ty-seven years they have met their sailing daysarriv-
ing in time, without losing a steamer, a passenger or a
letter. Yes, Shannon lost the Columbiaand one or
two passengers may have i all erf overboard, a sailor may
have broken his leg, an engine snapped the cross bar,
but no mortal accident in twenty-seven years. Boston
was at its genitli when they started. Their great success
is said to have arisen from their taking their departure
on tho Fourth of July I
Twas in 1840 they touched our Boston wharves. The
Columbia, Acadia, Batavia and Hibernia, touching at
Halifax. This was the first quartette. Then came the
second edition of boats. The Cambria, Niagara, America,
Canada and Europa. Then the third edition was
launched. The Asia, Africa and Arabia. All the fore-
going were wooden boats and side-w heelers. Then camo
the fourth edition and the age of iron. The Persia and
Scotia were put upon the race course. Then came an
iron screwthe Australasianand another, the Chinn,
followed by the last edition, the Cuba, Java* and Bussia,
all iron bouts. No passage yet made under eight days.
Moody, however, ran from Halifax to Queenstown in
six days and fifteen hours in the Java, but the Adriatic,
an American boat, did the distance from St. Johns to
Galway in more than a day less. What a world ot his-
tory.
REMINISCENCES OF THE CUNARDERS.
Twenty-seven years of voyages. Twenty-sev^n years
of bridal parties, poker parties, champagne parties.
Twenty-seven years of ocean friendships, acquaintances,
confidences, marrying and giving in marriage. How
many fortunes have been changed by an ocean voyage.
When the World's one bundled thousand readers see
these lines, let each iccall liis or her first voyage over
the sea. Shipboard is the place to read character. All
there is in awn pops out when he is sea-sick. Each
Cunard captain has his adimrers. Some fiko one, some
another. But all have their history. The Captains in
the olden timo were kings in their way. But the old
stagers are nearly all gone. Nobody but the Commo-
dore, Judkins, and Lott left. The one has crossed threo
hundred times, the other three hundred and fifty. Think
of itall gone but these two. Shannon, Harrison, Lang,
Ryrie, Miilerall dead! Poor Harrison, after making
so many ocean voyages, goes down in the harbor from a
sail-boat bound to the Great Eastern. All the others
met a natural death. Anderson is now 3ir James, with
I his three thousan 1 a year for laying the cable. Moody
I lus married a pretty Pittsfield girl, and got a pretty


90
English baby, and gone into manufacturing in Berkshire
couuty, with Gen. Bartlett of Port Hudson fame. Stone,
the silent, sometimes called the Grave Stone, a prince of
fellows, ougk t to have had the Russia, but Cook got her,
and Stone, disgusted, has resigned. So none of all the
old chiefs remain but our old friends Judkins and Lott.
Lott, who they say, has worn one pair of blue trowsers
lor twenty years, till lately he bad them dyed black.
Where are the old steamers? The Cambria was sold
for £6,000 to the Fenian Garibaldi. The original boats
when used up for carrying mails, carried freight Jrom
Havre to Liverpool, and when used up for freight were
sold lo the Spanish government for transports.
NO CHANGE IN TWENTY-SEVEN YEARS.
Save in size, one sees little change. When England
gets in the rut of custom tis difficult to get out.
Twenty-seven years ago they started with candlesticks
and wax candles, and wax candles and candlesticks they
have got now. Twenty-seven years ago they gave us
stewed prunes, and stewed prunes we had to-day;
twenty-seven years ago they started without napkins,
and we have no napkins to this hour; twenty-seven
years ago the Sons of Temperance went up toihelar--
board side to get their grog, and their grog was given
them this morning out of the same ladle. Boston crack-
era were on the table in 1810, and Boston crackers are
spread before us in 1868. The same bill of fare bn board
the first boat is used on board the last. Englishmen
never change. How long have you been waiter, George,
I asked at Fentons m St. James street? Seventeen
years, and my father before me, sir,' he responded with
an air of pride. Twenty-seven years ago the captains
got £450 a yearthey get the same now. The waiters
were paid then three pounds a monththat is all they
get now. The engineers £2u0 thenthe same now. The
perquisites are not gold mines by any means. Even
Judkins only gets his dark staterooms, and a commis-
sion ou specie oever to exceed thirty pounds : but even
now he is grdy they refuse him a pension. Mclver and
Cur aid only exact the pound of flesh.
AMERICA SUPPORTS THE CUNARDERS.
The freight is mostly American. The postage on let-
ters mostly Americanand nearly all the passengers
money is Americanall thrown into the Alabama pock-
ets. The British government donating thirty millions of
dollars to enable the owners lo destroy American steamers.
One million a year to drive off the American flag. What
a miserable policy 1
********
THE NORTH ATLANTIC PACKETSWHERE ARE THEY ?
Collins, Marshall, Grinnell, Zeregowhere are they
now ? What a change! Where are the Marshalls, the
Croppers, the Baileys, the Frenches? All gone. Where
are the Blue ships ? All lo3t. A few straggling packets
are on the ocean, but the old lines are gone. The Henry
Clay no longer races with the Washington Irving. Cald-
well, my old Australian partner, is dead. Captain French
has passed away. The Yorkshire no longer measures
distance with the Anglo Saxon. The newsmen no longer
board the packets outside the light. Steamers do the
business now. But they dq not fly our flag!
THE COLLINS LINE.
The Atlantic, Pacific, Baltic, Arctic, and then the- Adri-
aticwhere are our beautiful American steamships?
The Pacific, with old Asa Eldridge,. down among the
dead men ; the Arctic sunk, but Luce got ashore ; the
Baltic and Atlantic rotting at the New York docks, and
the Adriatic rotting at the pier in Southampton. John
Orrel Lever, M.P. for Galway, made a fizzle with Lord
Viscount Brury in the Galway line. She made the pas-
sage from St. Johns to Galway in five days and three
hours. Poor Capt. Nye was thrown out of his wagon,
and has gone to bis long home. Comstock still lives,
and takes out all the iron-clids for foreign governments.
The Grand Admiral, to Russia; the King of Italy, to
Sardinia, and the Dunderbcrg to France. Old West is
still among the live men. But America has no oce n
steamers.
- THE NEW YORK AND HAVRE LINE.
Gone up. Tho Arago and Fulton running to Panama;
Capt. Walton is in New York. But poor Capt. Lynes
jumped over Niagara Falls-when he saw the American
flag surrendered lo the English on the ocean. No won-
der. Our commerce everywhere destroyed, while our
politicianswe have no statesmenare quarrelling over
the negro and the spoils of office.
THE DECADENCE OF BOSTONWHAT IS THE CAUSE ?
Once Boston was a power. But Harvard University
killed it old men crowded out the young menand

Boston settles down into the Salem of New York. Where
Salem was Boston is. Their politics destroyed their
commerce. The politicians dine off their merchants.
THE DIAMOND LINE OF PACKETS.
With a little money and a good deal of puffing,
wrote Joshua Bates to Enoch Train, in 1843, you can
establish a line of packets from Boston to Liverpool. It
was done, and the ships wf nt to Barings until we estab-
lished our own house, Traiu & Co., 5 India Buildings,
in 1849.
In 44 I went into the office at 37 Lewis wharf, next
door to Sam Hooper. It never occurred to me then that
S. H. would rule McCulloch. He had not developed any
grealfinancial power at that time. No clipper had been
built. Donald Mackay was ambitions. We commenced
with the Joshua Bates, 400 tons, Capt. James Murdoch.
I saw him in Broadway a few days since. Then came
the Washington Irving. I have his letter now. Then the
Anglo-Saxon, 800 tons, Capt. Gordon, now in New York.
Then I led Mackay on to the Ocean Monarch, 1,100 tons.
Burned off Ormshead, 5i_0 passengers lost, in '48. Then
came Staffordshire; Flying Cloud, sold to Grinnell.
Sovereign of the Seas, graduating with Great Republic
of 4,000 tons, sold to another co-partner of mine in
Credit Foncier, A. A. Low. So we j umped from 400 tons
to 4,000 ions in ten yeara. But now, how changed 1 No
packets, no Diamond Line. Capt. Upton, Howard,
Sampson, Brown, Thayer, Richardsonall dead. Theo-
dore" Train, Enoch Train, Jr., Frederick W. Thayerall
gone! All this iu a score of year's. Am I growing so
old? Is iny hair really gray?
What enterprise has Boston shown since the Diamond
Line of Packets? English ships now carry the freights ;
English merchants now do the business, The wharves
are silent, and the negro jackall still howls over the
grave of departed greatness. Even the tombstone is
corroded. But one can read tins epitah :
BOSTON PROSPERITY,
Died from an overdose of
CHARLES SUMNER.
Sincerely, Geo. Francis Tbain.
SECOND LETTER.
Nearly All-seas-over, Seven Days out, )
Near Queenstown, January 16, 1868.1
OUR PASSENGERS.
Finance, Ships, Commerce, in my first two letters,
have croyded out Our Passengers. They are won-
derfully like other passengers. I recognize several old
friends, those I had met all over the world : and you have
met them too. They are everywhere and you canDot
mistake them. For instance, just as the steamer was
leaving, a carriage drove up in great haste. Everybody
looked. Some remarked, just in time! Tbetraveller
got on board j ust as the staging was pulled in. That man
I have met in all lands. He jumx)s on board every steam-
er just as she is about to leave. The young man who or-
ganizes a party of friends to see him off is here. Six
ladies with boquets. Six gentlemen with cigars. They
stop till the last tug. They occupy the captain's roomr
They polish off twenty-one bottles of champagne. They
say Ah 1 Oh! Indeed! How could you! You horrid
man ! They put their handkerchiefs to their eyes.
They meet other young girls at the steamer, and kiss
them on the cheeka cold-blooded affaira kiss that
dont mean anything. The party only leave with the
last bell. One young man stops on the stage and nearly
falls overboard. It is always so.
The young mans party then mount the upper deck of
the tug. Some have red. eyes from drinkingI mean from
weeping. More haudkereliiel's. Feeble cheers. The
young man mounts the rigging and waves his hat. Theu
the steamer gets under way ; and the young mau sleeps
with the steward, dines with the officers, and plaj s poker
the rest of the voyage. The English gentleman, with side
whiskers, called mutton chop style for short, with seal-
skin round cap, and blue pea-jacket, with large over-
shoes, is on board. You bear him at all times ol the day
and night singing out schewhard. The weather-wiser is
here. He knows how many knots the ship runs an hour,
marks the distance on his linen cuff, knows when the
wind changes, tells by the clouds what kind of weather
we shall have to-morrow, talks learnedly on nautical af-
fairs with the first officer, uses nautical terms at meals,
is never sea-sick, and makes facetious remarks at those
who arc. This man I have met on the ocean for twenty-
seven years. The Frenchman is here. Have yon been
toParee? How do you like him? You shall be pleased
with her. Zee woman of Pareehe is grand. You shall
go and see him again. The Hamburger is here, and
asks the Frenchman if he is fond of cheese. He must be
in Germany. The man who combines the fiend with the
miser is not popular. Not sea-sick himself, be goes
about and offers cigars to those who are sea-sick, but
never offers you one when you are well. The young
married lady is among our passengers, who staves off
the horrid feeling by lying down near the skylight on
deck, covered up by rugs and furs; and the young gen-
tleman friend of the fond husband wraps her up warm,
and sits down beside her all the long, long day, far into
the night, and when it gets too cold takes hold of her
hand under the rug lo keep her from being sea-sick. As
Hamlet remarked to Ophelia, Look to it.
The man that comes on board silently, nobody seeing
himwho remains on board, nobody knows wherewho
eats his meals nobody knows bowand only makes bis
appearnce just as the steamer nears port, has jnst come
on deck. He weirs a stove-pipe hat, and our funny pas-
senger with a whip in his hand asks him if he wouldnt
ride up. The young school-girl, just entering society,
going to Paris to reduce her French theories to practice,
is'full of life ; what she dont know about French habits
and customs is not worth learning. When you think you
are going to startle her, she says, Yes? interro-
gatively; Not with a note ot admiration, and after
those two suppressive words the conversation is often
brought to a sudden termination. The passenger with
a fez cap, showing he has been in Constantinople; the
Persian traveller with a peculiar scarf, and the Canadian
with coat lined all over tbe edges with far, all are here
The gentleman who has made sixty passages in the Cun .
arders, and always patronized American steamers when
there were any, has just entered the cabin. He knows a
thing or two. He never sits at tbe captains table. He
dont believe in toadyism. He brings on board his own
cider, charterense and oysters, and passes them along
the table with a princely hand. That man knows how
to travel. The clergyman, who belongs to the Church of
England, albeit he is an American, who has resided in
China (whose little daughter goes to the sate e school
that your correspondents little daughter attendsMiss
Boltons at the Priory)reads the service on Sunday with
much energy, and gives good advice in his sermon. Sur-
prised to see the sailors so punctual, he inquires if the reg-'
ulations of the ship demand it^if the captain gives the or-
der ? If the command comes from Cunard for the sailors
always to be present at service? No answer. He asks
another,,and is disgusted to find thatunless they come out
to prayers their grog will f>e stopj>ed I The poolmaJcer is
about with his bet6on the days run, the number of the
pilot boat, the day he should arrive, the hour, the min-
ute, which leg he first puts on deck, He has the num-
bers all ready, i9 hand and glove with the officers, and
winks knowingly as he passes. Our never-by-any-
ohance-sea-sick friend is a study. He sits asleep till the
bell rings for dinner; then he thinks he will go below ;
no nausea, no sickness ; only a slight headache. When
on deck he occasionally looks over the side of the ship lo
see how fast she is going. He sings as he walks. He
whistleshe tries to look happybut he isnt. He still
swears that he is not sea-sick; but there is little expres-
sion in his songlittle force in his whistle. The enor-
mous eater is punctual at every smell of food. Five
meals a day. Such a breakfast, lunch and dinner,then
such a tea, and grilled bones and poached eggs at supper.
We call him the Beef Eater. He is not an American.
STOCK ANECDOTES FOR TWENTY-SEVEN YEARS.
The Story Teller is a character. Everything known for
years is rehearsed. Always laugh when the story is very
old. Who has not heard this ? Inquisitive passenger to
anxious captainsaid to be Judkinssaid to be Ryrie
said to be Harrisonas they are approaching icebergs.
PassengerIs the weather always as thick as this about
here? Captain (with evident disgust)How the hell do
I know; I dont always live here. Anotlier. Persia
going into dock at Jersey City ; Judkins on deckbrass
baud, blue uniform, speaking trumpetbig with respon-
sibilitywalking by himselfsteam blowing offtwo
hundred passengers looking onJudkins wishing to
show how scientifically he can lay the Persia alongside
the pier ; when lo, a Cape Cod schooner is yawning be-
fore the steamers berthno windno hope of getting
ont of the waypier crowded with people, all looking ou
Persia blowing off clouds of steam. Judkins disgusted,
through speaking trumpet, both hands to his mouth
What ship is that? Passengers titter. Captain of
schoonerno trumpetthrough his hand replies :
Mary Ann, from Cape Cod. Passengers laugh. Jud-
kins, more and more disgusted, through 1 is trumpet,
with sonorous voice : Who commands her ? Captain
of Mary u4nn,through his hand, as before: Waal, I
undertook tew; but shes tew.much for me. Loud
laughter from the passengers on deck and their friends
on shore, bnt grim dissatisfaction on Judkinss face.


91
Stine fevtflutitfw.
n
THOMAS 0. DURANT, THE PACIFIC RAILWAY KING.
Diagnosis. First day, red and happy; second day, yel-
low and bilious j third day, pale and miserable ; fourth
day, happy and contented, having thrown all his cares
overboard. Says in 1870 he will run the Pacific express
from New Yorli to San Francisco in five days, passengers
eating ou board of Pullmans hotel-cars.
The man with panacea for sea-sickness has not suc-
ceeded this voyage. Walk in open air. Eat every meal
lie in berth. Take chloroform. Drink champagne.
Have a little brandy. Keei> your feet up on the bench.
Drink lemonade. Eat or&nges. Suck a lemon. Take a
cocktail. Use an enema. But all have failed ; for when
it came to pass that the winds blew, and the rain desend-
ed and beat upon the Scotia, tho great iron ship did roll
so did the passengersand some of them would run
to windward and look over (he side to see how fast she was.
going. xOf course they said they were not sea-sick. Kept
their berth from preference ; only a slight headache ;
not very well when they came on board, and so forth,
and so forth.
' G. F. Ts. DIAGNOSIS.
Old. traveller. Three hundred thousand milesnever
sea-sickwish he was. Beads, writes, walks, studies.
Lost all desire for organizing passengers into mutual ad-
miration society, as in former days. Getting old, ambi-
tion dying out from too much notoriety. Occasionally
stirring up Engligh passengers with long polesall exer-
cised about object of visiting England. What is Train
up to ? Street railways, of oourse ; England is going to
adopt them. Five hundred pounds a mile royalty on two
thousand miles, is a million sterling. What is Train up
to f Why, Union Pacific had a special meeting, appoint-
ing T. C. Durant and G. F. T. special committee to visit
Mount Cenis tunnel. What is Train -up to ? Another
understands that he has ten millions U. P. R. bonds for
sale, forgetting that America takes them all, and uses
American Iron. What is Train up to ? Something from
Washington on Alabama claims ? What is Train np to ?
Fenians, of course j Stephen J. Meaney, Captain Warren,
American citizens in Irish jails. Of course he will be
arrested, cable dispatches already sent over in advance ;
and so on with the ship-board gossip. All these sur-
mises because I am off for a two weeks holiday.
Sincerely, George Francis Train.
TEE REVOLUTION ABROAD.
NOTE EROM MR. TRAIN.
WHAT THE ENGLISH PAPERS SAY.
Daniel OConnells Headquarters
when last in Cork. (I mention
this for Mrs. Stanton, who heard
his argument for Women in 1840.)
Imperial Hotel, Cork, Jan. 23, 1868.
Dear Revolution : Your paper bids fear
to have as wide a notoriety as your correspond-
ent. The authorities still hold it under con-
fiscation. Long and anxious nights are passed
over it in Downing street. Several Police mag-
istrates have been thrown into a lunatic asylum.
The Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland sees nothing
but Revolution in it. Lord Stanley keeps very
quiet. The London 6Yar, Lillie Maxwells or-
gan, our only Mend during the Rebellionthe
Star, not Lilliesays in an editorial th$t with
the women back of me, I can cany a world.
Read: '
MR. g. f. train. '
The Fenians might lie by till the issue of the contest
between George Francis Train and the British govern-
ment is known. If we can conquer that indescribable
peison we can conquer everybody and everything ; more
especially as he seems to have the women to back him.
We have lately seen the first copy of an American paper
called The Revolution, in which he has a share. It
is to do all sor(s of things, but particularly to enfranchise
women. We have space for only the very briefest account
of its contents, which are, however, so rich that we can-
not promise to have done with them in one notice.
The Star then gives extracts of the prospectus
of TfcE Revolution, report of Miss Anthonys
Rahway meeting (almost in full), selections
from the New York Citizen on Mr. Train and
The Revolution, and closes with the follow-
ing :
With these traits Of Mi. Trains mind and person we
will conclude our present notice. We are as sorry to
drop him as the government ought to be to have taken
him up, unless it has the very best reasons lor his de-
tention. He is evidently just the sort of long-tongued
hornet to give a deal of- trouble before he is finally
crushed or driven away.
Fifty thousand copies could be sold if here
now. Revolution is popular. No wonder they
were startled to see us get nine thousand votes
in Kansas. Yes, The Revolution was an
earthquake among the theorists. In a century
we could not have done so grand a work for wo-
man. No wonder, I say, England is on a scare.
So were the shining lightsBeecher, Phillips
and Greeley. ******
Joy, Recompense and Pity all were offended,
and William Loyd Garrison brought up the
chorus of Drop Train/ Now the British govern-
ment takes up the cry. But the hot potato costs
them half a million dollars. Train is not so
easily dropped. Did the Chicago Convention ?
Did Boston? Will the Pacific Railroad before
they pay him that million? Five per cent,
commission on first twenty million is one mil-
lion of dollars. Will Oakes Ames, the President
pro-tem of the Union Pacific Railway, and Syd-
ney Dillon, the President of the Credit Mobilier,
have a check ready when I get back? Inter-
est of fear, you know, gentlemen, is my motto
Cash and obscurity. Drop Train?
What Should be Known.Those who would
amend the Constitution so as to leave suffrage
in the hands of white men at the South, as per
the fourteenth amendment, should read the fol-
lowing from a Richmond correspondent of the
New York Times:
None but a resident here who moves among the peo-
ple can form any adequate conception of Southern"
hatred for negro and Northern rule. The feeling be-
fore the war, when the Southern heart was first fired,
was mild and lamb-like in comparison to that which at
present animates the hearts of ninety-nine hundredths
of the Southern-bom people; and old Northem-born
residents are still more bitter.
The South never hated the colored man for
his color, nor because he was a slave. It took
the North to do that. But when he was freed
and made a soldier, and the conqueror as such
of his master, then hate was kindled towards
him, burning, like the wrath of the HebrewGod,
to the lowest hell. Let the supporters of that
fourteenth amendment look to it.
A New Chicago. Omaha, which George
Francis Train calls the new Chicago of the
new Northwest, is in reality becoming an im-
portant centre. Yesterday a mere outpost, it is
now a thriving, growing town, soon to be a
large and influential city. The great Pacific
railroad finds it one of its chief feeders in sup-
plies, etc. In a year or two, it will be a grand
intermediate railroad terminus, five main trunk
roads connecting there. The work of the road
is going on in spite of winter weather, and even
the snow and ice-encumbered passes of the
Rocky Mountains do not bring the cost of con-
struction per mile up to the formerly estimated
amount. The liveliest hope is therefore
entertained of completing the iron thorough-
fare in another year. Then we shall see a
queen city arise in splendor at the centre of the
Continent, and the indications are veTy numer-
ous that Omaha will he that city. Omaha,
pronounced by the Indians O-ma-ha, signifies
high, beautiful and broad, and derived its name
from a tribe of Indians of that name.
The Hutchinsons.These musical mission-
aries are still at the west, enlivening, delighting,
enlightening and elevating the people in mid-
winter, with more than the melodies of spring.
The following is their card of engagements for
February: Kankakee, XII., Monday, Feb. 3.
Champaign, 111., Tuesday,, Feb. 4. Blooming-
ton, Wednesday, Feb. 5. Jacksonville, Thurs-
day, Feb. 6. Quincy, Friday, Feb. 7. Spring-
field, Saturday, Feb. 8. Decatur, Monday, Feb.
10. Tuesday, Feb. 11. Wednesday, Feb. 12.
Lafayette, Ind., Thursday, Feb. 13. Logans-
port, Ind,, Friday, Feb. 14. Indianopolis, Ind.,
Saturday, Feb. 15. Greenfield, Ind., Monday,
Feb. 17. Knightstown, Ind., Tuesday, Feb.
18. Dublin, Ind., Wednesday, Feb. 19. Cam-
bridge City, Ind., Thursday, Feb. 20. Centre-
ville, Ind., Friday, Fet>. 21. Richmond, Ind.,
Saturday, Feb. 22. Springfield, Ohio, Monday,
Feb. 24. Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, Feb. 25.
Methodist Reconstruction.Bishop Clark said :
Secession carried off fifteen annual conferences, 1,408
travelling, and 3,304 local preachers, 445,600 members,
with churches, aecademies, etc., belonging io the com-
mon family. No loyal minister could live on the soil.
Now, ten of these conferences, more than one-third of
the lost preachers, and over 100,000 ot the members are
nestled under the wing of the old church again.
President Johnson bad as he is considered,
and bad as he is, demands some very humiliat-
ing conditions of his rebels before their resto-
ration to favor. But the Methodist bishops
demand no conditions, or signs of repentance
towards God or man, before they are nestled
under the wing of the old church again, ifthey
will consent to come. The old apocalyptic pre-
judice against cages of unclean and hateful
birds has passed away in these days of Chris-
tianity made easy.
Ireland as it Was.A thousand years ago
Ireland led the world in learning, in religion,
and law. Her sons occupied professorschairs
in nearly every institution of science or religion,
from St. Georges Channel to the Arabian Gulf.
A little cropping out of her former eminence is
seen in Count Taaffe, who is a prominent mem-
ber of the new Austrian Cabinet; an in-
stance of Irishmen obtaining* high position in
foreign countries by talents which evil laws de-
barred them from using for the service of their
own. The Count is tenth viscount of the name
in the peerage of Ireland, and his residence,
Elischau Castle, Bohemia, is one of the most
beautiful places in Europe. Many members of
the ancient family of Taaffe retain influential
positions in Ireland, being deputy-lieutenants
and magistrates of Mayo, Louth, Meatb, and
Roscommon.
Hon. John Bright on the Irish Question.
At a great'meeting in Birmingham on the
5th instant, Mi*. Bright made a speech in which
he pleaded the wrongs of Ireland in part ex-
tenuation of the late Fenian outrages, and
begged for church legislative reform. Mr. Bright
said that there was nothing the United States
government could do if Ireland were part and
parcel of the United States, that England might
not do also if she would.
The New York Tribune and World have been
lately having quite an editorial fight on whose
weekly has the largest circulation. If they dont
reduce their prices still lower, and put on more
steam, The Revolution, before it has lived
one quarter as long, will have a larger circulation
than both of them combined.


92 fUMlttti##.
French parents axe prohibited even from
naming their children what they will, for fear
that some revolutionary characters name will be
perpetuated. The name must be selected from
the catalogue of saints or from aucient history,
and registered with the mayor of the district.
The New York Constitutional Convention,
like the late Black Crook, is in its second year;
but, unlike this fantastic play, it bids well to
enter upon its third year.
Sooial Equality. Talking about social equality, writes
a New York correspondent, I was once riding in a car,
seated near a regro, rather nicely gotten up, who was
chewing and expectorating right and left.
You ought not to do that, I said to him.
Got as good a riglt as dat white fellow, he answer-
ed, as he pointed to a chap engaged in the same dirty
business.
He has no right, and you should set him an example
of better breeding, I answered.
Cuff ostentatiously removed his cud. But he had
taught me a lesson. 1 had not noticed the white brute.
I was very indignant at the colored one.
And 60 the world goes.'
By the recent loss of the fishing schooner Idaho, of
Gloucester, Mass., on the Western Banks, eight women
are widowed and sixteen children left fatherless, all of
whom were dependent upon the earmngs of the lost
men for their daily support.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Colton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
f)'om Bank of Eigland, or American Cash for
American Bills. The (h'edit Fonciei and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strengths '
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One' Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE EE VOLUTION.
NO. VI.
Talk Among the Brokers in Wall Street*
The talk is about Erie and Daniel Drew, and is he
short or long ? that
DBEW SOLD A CALL FOB 10,000
shares of Erie, at 76 on Thursday, and on Friday the
stock was sold against the call, that this checked the up-
ward tendency and threw the bears into a fever of de-
light, that
FOOLS FOE BEING CAUGHT
in such a light trap. The talk is that Drews last story
is that Erie is to consolidate with the Boston, Hartford
and Erie, that he employed
HOWLAND AND HIS OTHER STOOL PIGEONS
to tell the story all round when Erie was selling low, that
Nathan, Brundage and other wealthy operators sold
Erie short at 72% and
BURST UP WITH THEIR ENORMOUS CAPITAL,
exhausted when it advanced to 73%. The talk is that
the old party in Erie were heavy buyers at the decline,
that
THEY HAVE GOT DREWS STOCK
he sold, and that he wants to get it back again and they
mean to make him pay for it. The talk is that Drew is
going to give $100,000 to the
NEW SYNAGOGUE ON MURRAY HILL,
that he hopes to turn the luck in hie favor by this reli-
gious act, that he has named the following Hebrews of
high stauding and wealth in the Israeli fash community
as trustees for this fund :
uncle Daniels Hebrew trustees.
GEOKGE HENRIQUES,
Wm. H. Mabston,
Laurence Joseph,
Root. L. Cutting, -
James Cbommelin,
A/B. Baylis,
Julius Hallgarten,
Moses A. Wheelook,
Moses Mitchell,
James Fish,
Alexander J. Meyer,
Jenkins Van Schaick,
J. E. P. Lazarus,
T. B. W. Hughes,
Leonard W. Jerome,
F. Gayno,
A. Sydney Baxter,
The talk is that Drew is going
Benjamin Nathan,
Phil. Bbuns,
S. Meyer (sophy),
Montague Hendricks,
Eugene Jackson,
H. Tracy Arnold,
Greoian Lombardy,
Joseph E. Isaacs,
Turtle Moss,
Napoleon Burr,
Thomas Howland,
G. H. Watson,
Wm. Henriques,
Wm. H. McVickar,
J. K. Bailey,
Charles G. White,
Wm. Everett Hicks,
to give a
GRAND DINNER AT THE FIFTH AVENUE HOTEL
to his Hebrew Trustees, that a great golden calf will be
the centre ornament and a little greenback calf opposite
Billy Marston, with Erie on one side and Northwest
common on the other, that
MARSTON HAS PROMISED TO EXPLAIN
all about the milking process and the jamboree
and scoop game, that Jerome will tell all about blind
pools, Hudson River and Watering Pacific mail, that
Cutting will give his experience in Cumberland coal, that
Howland will tell how he tried to
BORROW ON SOUTH AMERICAN NAVIGATION COMPANY
for Tracy Arnold and George B. Satterlee, that he made
nothing by the Arnold, Satterlee crowd, that he finds it
pays better to tool around for Uncle Daniel, that
Drew and Erie are move respectable than South Amer-
ican navigation company on the fence, that A. Sydney
Baxter will tell
HOW TO LET ONES FRIENDS IN
on Consolidated Gregory, and himself out on Hudson
River shorts, how his friend *
WHITE LOOKED BLACK WHEN SYDNEY
told him he must hold on to the cash, if they did kick
him out of the open board, that Jenkins yan Schaick
will give
ms EXPERIENCE IN PARIS,
his interview with the Emperor Napoleon, bis ideas on
fine arts and Parisian models, that McVickar will tell
how he and
DALTON MOPPED YOUNG KETCHUMs CASH,
how his Mend Jerome eased him of a good deal of
young Ketchums loose cash in Pacific Mfril while he
was yachting it in Europe, that
NAPOLEON BURR WILL SAY NOTHING
but stand up and exhibit himself for one minute as the
chiel of
uncle Daniels bureau of stool pigeons
DREW WAS AT THE FIFTH AVENUE HOTEL
on Thursday night sending brokers into the ring to sell
Erie, that everybody gobbled up the bait and pitched
into selling the stock short, on the sure point that it was
going down faster than they could catch it, the stock of
course rose on Friday and the bears cursed old Drew as
a swindler instead of themselves as
that Tracy Arnold will tell how he worked the oracle
and used up his friends in
ROOKY MOUNTAIN AND BOSTON WATER POWER,
that Moses A. Wheelock will tell how he and
GEORGE MfLEAN DIVIDED THE PLUNDER
of the Long Room lease, $75,000 a year, that A. B. T..
Baylis will tell how wooden and other shavings and
money are made, that
FISK WILL READ THE DEAR WILLIAM LETTERS
and tell his experiences with sweet William, that S.
Meyer will explain how he came to be called Sophy,
that Bailey will tell how to buy and sell 10,000 shares a
day and clear $13 net profits by the operation, that
Hicks will tell how he travelled in Switzerland as Fra
Diavolo, that Drew will read some curious reminiscences
in the life of Aaron and how
HE CORNERED THE ISRAELITES,
eased them of their jewelry and made the golden calf out
of them. The talk is that

Drews Hebrew dinner
will be the grandest and most unique event of the sea-
son. The talk is that
MV1CKAR AND MARSTON DONT MAKE MUCH
headway in getting up their pool in Ohio and Missis-
sippi, that they wanted their friends to go it blind,, that
their friends dont see it, that the blind pool business is
played out, that everybody thinks the two Ms will be
all right, that they have no doubt it would be a
GOOD THING FOR THE TWO ms
but are not quite so sure about their friends, that they
have heard Marston read about the big profits before
but they had to chase for the check to settle them, that
the jamboree and scoop game is a big thing for the man
that bolds the ladle, but nobody else. The talk is that
Parson Brownlows Tennessee state bonds are heavy in
the market, that the
BANK OF THE REPUBLIC IS SELLING,
that the Fourth National Bank is going to sell, that
WILLIAM S. WILLIAMS IS GETTING NERVOUS
over his heavy load of new Tennessee bonds, that he
finds it more difficult to get rid of them than he did of
ATLANTIC MAIL A LONG TIME AGO,
that Williams is mighty smart, but that Parson Browlow
is a deal smarter, and tbat the Parson has stuck the
Wall street cute one now. The talk is that other large
holders of these bonds are getting tired of carrying
them, tbat they find that the issues are not like
ENGLISH CORPORATIONS LIMITED BUT UN-
LIMITED
that the public had better look out for a tumble. The
talk is that the bottom is beginning to
FALL OUT OF THE EXPRESS COMPANIES TUBS,
that Bookstaver and Thayer have sold out their heavy
customers stock and are now on the bear tack, that
Puleston and Raymond are loaded up and have got as
much as they can carry, that those who have the inside
track of the Express Companies affairs have made up
their minds there is no money to be made by holding
them, tbat the
COMPANIES CAN NEVER EARN A DIVIDEND,
on their large watered capital, that if they pay a divi-
dend it will be out of capital and not earnings, and that
some of the leading men have sold out and are going
with the
PACIFIC EXPRESS COMPANY AND AN OPPOSITION.
The talk is that the lands owned by the
CANTON COMPANY ARE WORTH $3,500,000
at auction, that its capital stock 42,000 shares at 90 would
be about their value, tbat the directors are keeping the
price down for the purpose of buying and getting shorts
into it, that as soon as they have matters arranged a bill
will be passed through the Maryland legislature to move
the tobacco warehouses to the Canton Companys land,
that the Canton
STOCK IS CHEAP AT 80 TO 90.
The talk is that Smith, Gould, Martin and Companys
eminent banking house is the headquarters of the
GAY YOUNG BACHELORS OF ROOM NO. 9
in the days of the old Board, when Tony Morse was the
great leader of the 'stock market. The talk is that Bush
is bothered about Drew and this Erie business, that ho
does not sleep very well and confidentially so told the
club that Maples was very unparliamentary, and said
that would do well enough to tell grandmarms, that
Bush appealed to the members thbt Maples was presum-
ing on his sweet name and took advantage of him and
everybody else, that Coras interposed between the bel-
ligerents and insisted they should either giv e a call on
Erie or put in an alibi, that the members called upon


§
gWvoIutiow.
93
Corss to explain, that Corss said an alibi in Wall street is
to deny your own signature when the market goes
against you, or hire a lawyer to prove that you are not
yourself but the other man, that fired up, who asked
Corss if he meant to be personal," that Corss said he
rather thought he did," that---shut up and walked
out to take a flyer in the'gold room, that
. CORSS SAYS NEW YORK GUANO COMPANY
I
will sell at 30 ; that the South must have it to enrich its
soil'; that Oakes Ames, Ezra Clarke, Jr., and other big
wigs have the management of the Company ; that they
know the value of the property ; that
TRACY ARNOLD THE HANDSOME YOUNG MAN
has got Boston water power in tow ; that he says this
time he will put it above 50. The talk is'that
HENRY KEEP HAS MADE A BIG TURN
in Chicago and North West Common ; that he sold puts
at 60 up to Monday the 10th, on 100,000 shares ; that he
sold alibis lozig stock and
WENT AS MUCH MORE SHORT ; '
that be is sure to make a big pile unless they try to cor-
ner him in his short interest; that if they do attempt to
corner him
HE WILL ISSUE MORE STOCK
as the charter is unlimited; that Keep will come th9
Tracy and Dows Rock Island game over the public ; that
Keep is a deep one and knows what he is about; that he
has got a big pile of cash on hand ltom the North West
Common move ; that he is waiting to
JUMP ON THE MARKET
whenever it looks weak. The talk is that the room No.
9 crowd are making lunch and segar money by talnng
flyers in Erie ; that a speculative Erie director of the new
dry goods batch that drops in semi-occasionaliy to
SMITH GOULD AND COY KEEPS
the No. 9 boys posted. The talk is that
VANDERBILT IS NOT DEAD YET ;
that he will probably persist in living a good many years
yet; that Dick Schell is not going to Europe and still be-
lieves in American railways and the Commodore ; that
the ,
CARDS TO MAKE MONEY ON
are New York Central, Ene, Erie preferred, Hudson Riv-
er, Cleveland and Toledo and Michigan Southern ; that
Vanderbilt means to manage these trunk lines so that
they will sell from 150 to 21 0 and earn fair dividends on
those prices ; that the country is growing all the time;
that the Pacific railroad finished to San Francisco will
increase the value of railway shares and
REAL ESTATE .IN NEW YORK.
The talk is that New York City is fast becoming like
Paris for amusements ; that every
RICH MAN WANTS TO LIVE IN NEW YORK T
that real estate in the fashionable localities is scarce and
in demand ; that the political troubles in Europe will
drive the people from Europe to the United States, and
that
GREENBACKS, EMIGRATION, PACIFIC RAILROAD,
and the China trade, will make New York the richest
metropolis in the world, and the United States the great-
est country ; that
VANDERBILT AND SCHELL ARE FAR SEEING ;
that they place thefr money in the trunk lines of railways
because they grow with the growth of the country, and
New York as the great absorbing money centre. The talk
is that the Rock Island Muddle is no muddle at all; that
TRACY AND DOWS HAVE ARRANGED
with Keep and Crawford-to manipulate the stock by in-
j unctions and apparent quarrels ; that they will ease the
street of its cash and make things pleasant for the in-
siders ; that they are working to get a short interest;
that when everybody is short; Rook Island will be hoist-
ed up sharp to 110 or 120. The talk is that
FISK & HATCH HAVE DONE
the biggest thing in Central Pacific Railroad bonds ever
done in this market; that the Europeans who have
bought them say they are better than any government
bond; that they
ARE WORTH PAR IN GOLD.
The talk is that
FISK A HATCH ARE TAKING ORDERS
to deliver Central Pacific Railroad bonds when the bonds
arrive and that at par and interest, they sell faster than
the company likes ; that they want to advance them to
105 ; that Fisk & Hatch are doing all the
INVESTMENT BUSINESS IN GOVERNMENT BONDS ;
that they sell $60,000,000 per week ; thatthey are always
bulls on government credit, and always have bonds for
sale in any amount. The talk is that
HENRY CLEWS HAS AGAIN HIT
BLACKGUARDS, LIARS, THIEVES, SOALLIWAGS, GUT-
TER-SNIPES,
Kilkenny cats, the long room and Vanderbilt, that Un-
cle Daniel was sending off for a doctor and straight jack-
et ; that Tom told him not to do it; that Cornwallis al-
ways felt better after writing an article ou Erie and black-*
guards. The talk is that
DREW HAS PUT CORNWALLIS DOWN
the market in gold and made his pile; that Clews is a
sharp fellow on the gold question ; that he knows when
to buy and sell
ERIE BETTER THAN DREW.
for a handsome sum in his will; that it is to be however,
only an annuity; that Tom Warner is to dispense it weekly
as Uncle Daniel says he does not not want the boy to
speculate in this here Eirie when he is dead and
The talk is that all Clews customers have made money
in gold and Erie ; that he was posted in Rock Island and
told them when to sell and when to buy. The talk is
that
CLEWS IS POSTED BY VANDERBILT.
The talk is that De Comeau thinks special information"
on Wells, Fargo & Co., and Pacific Mail is not worth
much ; that buying Wells, Fargo at 57 and Pacific Mail
at 116 and selling out at 42 and 109 ; that going short of
New York Central at 121 and Erie at 72, and buying to
cover the shorts at 132 and 78 are not as profitable turns
AS BEARING MINING STOCKS.
The talk is'that Phil. Bruns is stilt in a fog about rail-
ways ; that he dont understand them ; that he made
money in Sensenderfer and wliy cant he make it in
railways ? that Phil says ii it was not for Tracy Arnolds
little pools in
WALKILL LEAD AND ROCKY MOUNTAIN,
affairs would not be pleasant. The talk is that
DE COMEAU TOLD PHIL BRUNS
that they had better give up dealing in Wells Fargo,
Pacific Mail and Railway shares and stick to bearing the
mining board ; that they could manage that just as they
liked, and frighten everybody out of their senses ; that
they had better arrange to ease
TRACY ARNOLD OF HIS LOOSE CASH
the first chance they have in Walkill Lead, as he was
getting tired oi washing Walkill Lead and Rocky moun-
tain for Tracy; that it is a mean tiling washing anyhow,
and for Tracy to ask them to do so much washing1 for
him; that
GEORGE B. SARGENT IS IN THE REGULAR WASHING
business for the hoard ; that George B. washes Edge-
hill and Rockland copper and don't get tired ; that Tracy
Arnold had better take his Walkill Lead and Rocky moun-
tain to Sargent. The talk is that
MLEAN HAS DONE A SENSIBLE THING
in giving up his lease of the long room ; that it is going to
befitted up like the gold room with a cockpit and a ring-
fence ; that the old board and the open board had bet-
ter not
DRAW THE LINES TOO SHARP
on the public, or they will injure their business ; that
all monopolies are bad ; that the open hoard has gone
ahead of the old board simply
BECAUSE IT WAS ANTI-MONOPOLY
and liberal to the public. The talk is that Western
Union telegraph does want to sell out to government,
just as the Herald 6aid, that the price is kept up by short
sales all the time. The talk is that
MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL PREFERRED IS GOING UP
to a high figure ; that the earnings are great; that a
dividend will he paid. The talk is that
LORD CORNWALLIS WENT AND ASKED
Drew at what price he intended to buy Erie : that Drew
replied in his thinnest tenor key '* Cornwallis my boy
what do you want to know for, you dont speculate in
Erie?" that
GONE TO AARON AND THE GOLDEN CALF ;
that Tom must not give the Lord anything till Israelitisli
sabbath mornings ; that Tom says he won't, give it to
him then if he does not behave himself better and stop
wilting articles on gutter-snipes ; that Cornwallis ought
to be more of a gentleman than to write suoh personal-
ities for The Revolution."
THE MONEY MARKET
is easy at 4 lo 5 per cent, on call, with exceptions at 3,
aud 6 per cent. The accumulation of money in New
York is Increasing the demand for government bonds,
and threatens an era of speculative excitement on the
stock exchange. Legitimate trading is too dull, and en-
terprise is too languid, to make any adequate outlet for
the unemployed loanable funds in this market. The
spring trade, however, promises to be more safe and
profitable than it has been for the lasttwb years, and Lie
prices of merchandise and produce seem to have touched
bottom. Business paper is scarce, and good notes are
taken readily by the banks and brokers at 6 to 7 per
cent., with the turn of the market >n favor of borrov ers.
The weekly bank .statement shows an increase of S4,139,-
923 in luans, owing to the increased business in govern-
ments. The deposits show about the same amount of
increase as the loans, being $4,514,024, showing the
want of outlet for the use of private balances. The legal
tenders are increased $650,106. The strength of the
banks will be on the increase until summer, owing to
the influx of funds from the country usual from Decem-
ber till August in every year. The future of the money
market points unmistakably to great ease, until the
summer, with perhaps a comparatively slight pinch
when the banks are making up their quarterly statement
lor April 1st. The following table show* the changes in
the condition of the New York city banks this week
compaied with last:
Feb. 1.
Loans, $266,415,613.
Specie, 23,955,320.
Circulation, 34,062,521.
Deposits, 213,330,524.
Legal tenders, 65,197,153.
Feb. 8
$270,555,536. Inc. $4,139,923
23,823,372. Dec. 131,948
34,096,834. Inc. 34,313
217,844,548. Inc. 4,514,024
65,847,259. Iilc. 650,106
THE GOLD MARKET
was more active, and advanced from 140% on Saturday,
February 1st, to 143% to 143%, on Monday, at which
price sales were made after the regular board closed.
The advance is owing to the fear of impeachment of the
President, and complications with Great Britain, re-
specting the rights of American citizens abroad and the
Alabama claims. The fluctuations in the gold market
for this week were as follows :
Openiog. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 1, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Monday, 3, 141 141% 140% 141%
Tuesday, 4, 141% 141% 141% 141%
Wednesday, 5, Wl% 141% 140% 141%
Thursday, 6, 141% 142 141% 141%
Friday, 7, 141% 142% 141% 142%
Saturday, 8, 142% 142% 142 145%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was weaker at the close of the week. Prime bankers 60
days, sterling bills having been sold at 109% to 109%,
and sight 109% to 110, and francs on Paris long 5.15 to
5.13%, and sight 5.12% to 5.11%.
LORD CORNWALLIS PULLED OUT HIS MOUSTACHE
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
with both hands until he looked like a photograph of
Victor Emanuel, tbe noblest Roman of them all; that he
cast a look of profound disgust upon Uncle Daniel; that
he departed with curses, not loud but deep on specula-
tive directors. The talk is that Drew sent his little
PET HEBREW BOY TOM WARNER
with his face just washed mid velvet coat to look after
Lord Cornwallis; to see ihathe did not do anything rash ;
that Tom Warner came hack and reported that the Lord
was only going to write an article on Erie, Drew, specula-
tive directors,
was lower under (he pressure of heavy sales in Erie
which touched 72%, but on Friday and Saturday the
market strengthened and became active, closing strong
at an advance of 1% to 3 per cent, in the leading shares.
The Vanderbilt stocks, New York Central, Hudson River,
Harlem, Cleveland and Toledo and Michigan Southern
are all strong with an advancing tendency. The puts
in North West Common expired on Monday, Feb. 10th.
Canton is strong and advancing, Western Union is
steady, Tennessee, new State bonds are heavy and
pressed to sale. Rock Island is stronger, Milwaukee and
St. Paul Common and Preferred are active and strong.


9*

In the steamship companies shares an active business is
transacted dally.
Musgravo & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 60% to 61 ; Boston W. P., 21 to 22 ; Cumber-
land Coal, 88% lo 89; Wells, Fargo & Co., 42% to 43 ;
American Express, 69 to 71; Adams Express, 74 % to
75% ; UDited Stales Express, 74% to 74% ; Merchants
Union Express, 34% to 05 ; Quicksilver, 24 to 25 ; Mari-
posa, 8 to .8%, preferred, 13 to 14 ; Pacific Mail, 1U> to
110% ; Atlantic Mail, 96% to 96% ; W. U. Tel.,.36% to
36% ; New York Central, 131% to 131% ; Erie, 75% to
75%; Pref. 81 to 82 ; Hud. River, 149% to 149%'; Reading
95% to 95% ; Tol. W. & W., 46% ; do. Pref., 68 to 68 ;
Mil. & St. Paul, 50% to 50% ;do. Pref. 67% to 67% ; Ohio
and M. C., 83% to 33% ; Mich. Central, 113 to 113% ; do.
South, 93 to 93% ; 111. Central, 138 to 140 ; Cleveland &
Pittsburg, 97 to 97%; Cleveland & Toledo, 112% to 112%;
Rock Island, 98% to 98% ; North West, 60% to 60% ; do.
Pref. 75% to 75% ; Ft. Wayne, 101% to 102%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
have been steady throughout the week, the demind
running chiefly on (lie 7-3 ) notes, 10 40 bonds and the
5.20's of 1862. Fisk & Hatch have sold all the Central
Pacific Railroad bonds they have on band, but they have
agreed to receive orders with the money, lor the bonds
to arrive, at par and interest to date of payment. The
market for all government securities closed strong, with
an upward tendency, owing to the extreme ease in the
money market and low rates or interest.
Messrs. Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the
following quotations: .
Registered, 1881,111% to 111% ; Coupon, 1881,111% to
112% 5 5-20 Registered, 1862, 108 to 108% 4 5-20 Coupon,
1862, 111% to 111%; 5-2J Coupon, 1364, 103% to 109; o-2u
Coupon, 1865, 109% to 110; 5-20 Coupon, Jan. and July,
1865, 107% to 108 ; 5-20 Coupon, 1867, 107% to 108%;
10-40 Registered, 101% to 101% ; lu-40 Coupon, 104% to
105 ; Gold, 141% to 144% ; June, 7-30, 107% to 107% ;
July, 7-30,107% to 107% May Compounds, 1864, 117%
117% ; August Compounds, 1864, 116% to 116% ; Sep-
tember Compounds, 1364, 116 to 116% ; October Com-
pounds, 115% to 116.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,063,611 against .$2,073,486, $1,503,-
334, $1,541,912 and $1,636,539 for the preceding weeks.
The imports of merchandise for the week are $5,047,004
against $3,947,624 $2,514,435, $3,586,491, and $3,456,163
for the preceding weeks. The exports exclusive of
specie are $3,218,003 against $3,269,323, $3,673,601 $3,-
912.546, and $2,500,234 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie are only $1,644,057 against $169,100 $3,-
069,300, $373;531, and $2,940,751 for the preceding weeks.
"g ASTERN HYGEIAN HOME.
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
R, T. TBALL, M.D., l Phvsicians
ELLEN BEARD HARMAN, M.D., j J-nJcian*
This institution is beautifully situated on the Delaware
River, midway between Bordentown and Burlington.
All classes of invalids are treated on strictly Hygienic
principles. In the College Department patients and
guests have the privilege of hearing most of the lectures
of Professors Trail and Harman to the medical class.
City office No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York. Send stamp
for circulars.
HE POLIO IE
S
JJYDROPATHIC INSTITUTE.
Dr. R. von Kuczkowski Dr. Jas. H. North,
Physicians.
The Hydropathic Institute, No. 44 Bond Street, in
this City, has been established under the auspices .of
some of our well-known and highly esteemed citizens,
who have subscribed limds for opening and carrying it
on. Many of these gentlemen and their families have
derived much benefit from the- use of the Water-Cure,
and feel that it is indispensable for the comfort and
health ot themselves and families to have an Institute in
this city, where the hydropathic treatment may be ad
ministered with all the proper conveniences of baths
and other appliances, under the direction of skillful and
experienced physiciaus. The Institute, 44 Bond Street
has been fitted up with every convenience necessary to
the full administration of the water-cure; a whole floor
separate and distinct is allotted to ladies, with expe-
rienced female attendants. This Institute is placed un-
der the charge of Dr. von Kuczkowski and Dr. Jas.
H. North.
Dr. Kuczkowski was a pupil of Pbiessnitz, and after-
wards studied the science and practice of Hydropathy in
l he Institute of Dr. Fkancke. Francke is regarded as
the highest authority on the theory and practice of the
water-cure, and has done more than any other writer
towards establishing it on a smentific hasis; his system
differs from that of Priessnitz vitally in the treatment of
delicate and nervous patients, for whom he prescribes
higher temperatures of water, and for all patients that
they shall be kept warm and comfortable in the bath
rooms, and at alt times while under treatment. Dr.
Kuczkowski had his own Institute in Turkey, near Con-
stantinople, ior seven years, and brought with him to
this country letters of recommendation Rom Minister
Bismarck and other distinguished persons. Dr. North
holds bis Diploma from the Pennsylvania Medical Col-
lege of Philadelphia, as a physician of the Old School,
but from conviction and experience has adopted the
Hydropathic system as the natural and true cure for all
d seases. Dr. North was for many years physician in
the Institute at Clifton Springs and in other places.
The undersigned have much pleasure in recommen-
ding both these gentlemen, Drs. von Kuczkowski &
North, as physicians, possessing every requisite to com-
mand the confidence of onr feliow citizens and their
families. Desirous of improving the health and adding
to the happiness of our fellow citizens, we recommend to
them the study of Franckes Book on A New Theory of
Disease applied to Hydropathy, published by Dr.
Kuczkowski, 44 Bond St., as a work which ought to be
in the hands of every person.
Egbert Guernsey, M. D., No. 18 W. 23d SI.
F. W. Worth, 47 Wall St.
J. S. Boswoeth, 451 W. 22d St.
Peter B. Sweeny, 140 W. 34th St.
Charles B,.Coe, 354 Broadway.
A. G. Norwood, 186 W. Ufh St.
Charles Delmonico, 1 East 14th St.
A. B. Darling, 40 W. 28d St.
Wellington Clapp, 36 Broad St.
Louis S. Robbins, 68 Broadway.
Thomas F. Biohards, 59 Reade St.
David M. Melliss, 37 Park Row.
O. A. Morse, Esq., Cherry Valley, N. Y.
Ogden Haggerty, 26 Bond St.
8. H. Howard, 124 East 15ib St.
Charles Butler, 25 W. 37th St., and many others.
'OP THE
AMERICAN
H1RL) THOUSAND JUST PUBLISHED.
POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE CO.
410, 421 BROADWAY, N. Y.,
ARE THE
BEST NEW YEAR PRESENTS
FOR A WIFE, FOR A FAMILY,
FOR A DAUGHTER, FOR A SON,
FOR YOURSELF.
For a wife or Family a whole LIFE POLICY is the best
hing possible.
For a Daughter or Son an ENDOWRY POLICY is the
most desirable, as it is payable at marriage or other speci-
fied time.
For ones own self the best New Year treat is a LIFE
RETURN ENDOWMENT POLICY, which is issued only
by this Company; it gives the person a certain sum if he
lives to a specified time, or to his heirs if he decease be-
fore, with the return of the Endowment Premiums with
interest. It therefore truly combines all the advantages
of Insurance and a Savings Bank, which has not before
been done.
- AN IMPORTANT NEW WORK
By Andrew Jackson Davis,
ENTITLED
A STELLAR KEY
TO
THE SUMMER-LAND.
(Parti.)
Illustrated with diagrams and engravings op
OKLESXIAL SCENERY.
This volume contains Scientific and Philosophical evi-
dences of the existence of an inhabitable Sphere or Zone
among the Suns and Planetes of Space. It is a very im-
portant work for all who wish a solid, rational, philo-
sophical foundation on which to rest their religion and
hope oi a substantial existence after death. .
Published by
WILLIAM WHITE & CO.,
158 Washington Street, Boston.
Also for sale at the Banner of Light Branoh Offioe,
544 Broadway, New York. Address Warren Chase.
Price $1; postage 16 cents.
rjIHE COMMONWEALTH FOR 1868.
PREMIUMS CONTINUED!
We offer The Commonwealth for the current year as
AN INDEPENDENT AND PROGRESSIVE RADICAL
REPUBLICAN JOURNAL,
with a general interest in all matters pertaining to
POLITICS, LITERATURE, ART AND NEWS.
It will be as outspoken and candid io its utterances as it
can afford to be and live, and as wide-awake, sprightly
and good-natured as the conservative vitality of its edi-
tor will allow. It does not expect to reform the world,
but it will not go out of its way to avoid giving all Shams,
Humbuggery and Pretension a blow whenever possible.
It will be pretty much, in short, what it has been for the
last three or four years, only that more leisure, with no
less activity, will allow further care, even, of its columns.
Those who want such a paper as was, is, and will be,
The Commonwealth, can have it at these rates:
One Copy, one year,.................$3 00
One Copy, six months................1 50
To those who have a disposition to do a little work for
the paper, we will reward them, upon sending a new
subscriber, and $8, by a copy ot either the books
Phillips Speeches, Parkers Life-Thoughts, Mrs. Dalis
Women, Mrs. Childs Republic, or the Riverside Maga-
zine. Or, to encourage those who have done well, and
desire to do better, we offer the following.
ADDITIONAL PREMIUMS
for a new subscriber:
THE ST ODEN T AND SCHOOLMATE,
One of the best of the juvenile monthly magazines, full
of spirit and instruction.
EKKOES FROM KENTUCKY,
Nasbys new book, with eight origimai illustrations
very rich!
THE GLOBE* SHAKSPEARE,
English edition, complete, compact, and elegantly
printed!
OUR BOYS AND GIRLS,
Oliver Optic's* popular magazine for youth, which
comes once a week, and is always welcomed with delight.
CHARLES W. SLACK,
Editor and Proprietor,
8 Bromfield (near Washington) St., Boston.
CULVER TONGUE.
If you would make your home more cheerful,
If you would make your home, more attractive,
If you want a handsome piece of furniture,
It you want a useful piece of furniture,
If you would make a beautiful holiday present,
If you would make, a splendid wedding presrnt,
Purchase the Celebrated Silver Tongue Parlor
Organ of Carhart & Needham.
They make the best.
They make the largest.
They are the original inventors. *
They are the patentees of essential improvements.
They have had an experience of over tweny years.
Their instruments contain the combination swell.
Their instruments contain new and indispensable
improvements not to bo found in the instruments of aDy
' other manufactory.
They manufacture
CHURCH ORGANS,
PARLOR ORGANS,
LIBRARY ORGANS,
SCHOOL ORGANS,
DRAWING-ROOM ORGANS,
BOUDOIR ORGANS,
LODGE ORGANS,
HALL ORGANS, and
CONCERT ORGANS
The Public are respectfully invited to call and inspect
their large assortment of new and beautiful styles. Cata-
logues, etc., sent by mail,
CARHART & NEEDHAM,
Nos. 143, 145 and 147 East 23d street, New York.


5
&he iWvolittiow.
1HE NEW YORK EXPRESS FOR 1868.
To the Friends of the N. Y. Express :
We solicit from our friends, personal and political, a
continued interest in the Express, and its respective
publicationsDaily, Semi-Weekly and Weekly. It is
nearly thirty-one years since I he Daily Express com-
menced in this city with its present proprietors, and in
all that time it h<*s been earnestly devoted to the Union
and Equality of the States, the rights of the people, a
Constitutional Government, the maintainance of Law
and Order, the Diffusion of Knowledge, and to whatever
would secure the greatest good of the greatest number
of people. Our Platform is the same to day on all these
points of National interest as in 1836, and through all
Administrations, from that time to the present. Nor is
it likely that time will change it while we live and the
Government endures, inasmuch as we believe in what is
tried and good, rather than in what is vasoillating and
revolutionary.
To that portion of the people, therefore, who believe
in a stable government, good men, good laws and equal
and exact justice, we shall continue to appeal for that
measure of public favor which is due to the principles
we avow.
The yen 186S will be the most important in tbe his-
tory of the Government. It will test the right of the
white race to rule the country, and whether the Ameri-
can people have the power to resist the purposes of a
Jacobin and lawless Congress to give the negro supreme
control over nearly one-third of the States and millions
of people. This issue is to be decided at the Presiden-
tial election in 1868, and we invoke the aid of all who be-
lieve in the Government of the Fathers and in the su-
premacy of the white race.
The Express we shall aim to mane more and more, in
all its departments, a thorough National and Local News-
papera Home Journal for the Familya Political
Newspaper for the Politiciana Financial and Business
Journal for the Banker and man of business. For the
rest, in the luture, as in the past, the Express must
speak for itself.
. The Evening Express having the largest circulation of
any established evening paper in the State or City, is
especially worthy of the attention of all classes of adver-
tisers in their respective departments of trade.
TERMS.THE EVENING EXPRESS.
Single Copy,........................... ... .4 Cents
City Subscribers, served by Carriers,.. .24 cts. per week
Mail Subscribers, one year,..................$9 5<)
Six Months,.................................. 5 00
Price to Newsdealers,....................$3 per 1x0
THE SEMI-WEEKLY EXPRESS.
One Copy, one year, (1U4 issues).............$4 00
Six Months,...................................2 50
Two Copies, one year,......................... 7 00
Five Copies, one year,...........*............15- 50
Ten Copies, one year,.........................28 00
Twenty-five Copies, to one address,..........50 00
An extra copy will be sent to any person who sends
us a club of ten or over.
WEEKLY EXPRESS.
One Copy, one year, (52 issues.)..............$2 00
Six months,...................................... 1 25
Three Copies, one year,..........................5 00
Five Copies, one year,...........................8 00
Ten Copies, one year,...........................15 00
Fifty Copies, to one address,...................50 00
An extra copy will be sent to any person who sends us
a club of ten or over.
To Clergymen, the Weekly will be sent for $1.50 per
annum.
Four Editions of the Evening Express are published,
at 1.30, 2.30, 3.30 and 5 ocIock, with the latest Political,
. Commercial and Marine News.
The latest Law Reports, and with the very latest Naws
from the adjoining Cities, States, and all the States of
hi Union.
Also, a complete daily record of Slocks and. of the
Money Market to tbe last hour.
We particularly call the attention of Farmers and Mer-
chants, in all parts of the country, to our Local Market
and Business Reports, which are now very complete.
The Semi-Weekly and Weekly Editions will bavo all
the news of the week, up to the hour of going to press.
We have also made arrangements to club the Express
with AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, a monthly paper,
devoted to Agriculture; THE RIVERSIDE MAGAZINE,
for Young Folks, and the PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL,
thus offering to our subscribers a great variety of choice
reading at very favorable terms.
DSf Remit by draft, Post Office money order or Regis-
tered Letter, otherwise we cannot be responsible.
J. & E. BROOKS, Proprietors. '
Subscribers are in all cases requested to send to the
office direct. We bave no agents, and none should be
waited for, to call.
Specimen copies sent free upon application, and as
.many as may be wanted.
MILES OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD,
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA ACROSS THE CONTINENT
ARE NOW COMPLETED.
THE TRACK BEING LAID AND TRAINS RUNNING WITHIN
TEN MILES OF THE SUMMIT OE THE
ROCKY MOUNTAINS.
The remaining ten miles will be finished as soon as
the weather permits the road-bed to be sufficiently
packed to receive the rails. The work continues to be
pushed forward in the rock cuttings on the western
slope with unabated energy, and a much larger force
will be employed during the current year than ever
before. The prospect that the whole
GEAND LIKE TO THE- PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for t > construction of this Grea
National Work are ample. The United States grants its
Six Per Cent. Bonds at the rate of from $16,000 to $48,000
per mile, for which it takes a second lien as a security, and
receives payment to a large if not to the full extent of its
claim in services. These Bonds are issued as each twenty
mile section is finished, and after it has been examined by
United States Commissioners and pronounced to be in all
respects a first-class road, thoroughly supplied with depots,
repair-shops, stations, and-all the necessary rolling stock
and other equipments.
The United States also makes a donation of 12,800 acres
of land to the mile, which will be a source of large revenue
to the Company. Much of this land in the Platte Valley
is among the most fertile in the world, and other large
portions are covered with heavy pine forests and abound
in coal of the best quality.
The Company is also authorized to issue its own First
Mortgage Bonds to an amount equal to the issue of the
Government and no more. Hon. E. D. Morgan and Hon.
Oakes Ames are Trustees for the Bondholders, and de-
liver the Bonds to the Company only as the work pro-
gresses, so-that they always represent an actual and pro-
ductive value'.
The authorized capital of tbe Company is $100,000,000,
of which over $5,000,000 have been paid on the work al-
ready done.
EARNINGS OF THE COMPANY.
At present, the profits of the Company are derived only
from its local traffic, but this is already much more than
sufficient to pay the interest on all the Bonds the Company
can issue, if not another mile were built. It is not
doubted that when the road is completed the through
traffic of the only line connecting the Atlantic and Pacific
States will be large beyoud precedent, and, as there will
be no competition, it can always be done at profitable
rates.
It will bo noticed that the Union Pacific Railroad is, in
fact, a Government work, built under the supervision of
Government officers, and to a large extent with Govern-
ment money, and that its bonds are issued under Govern-
ment direction. It is believed that no similar security is
so carefully guarded, and certainly no other is based upon
a larger or more valuable property. As the Companys
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
are offered for ihe present at 90 CENTS ON THE DOL-
LAR, they are the cheapest security in the market, being
more than 15 per cent, lower than U. S. Stock. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
or over NINE PER CENT, upon the investment, and have
thirty years to run before maturity. Subscriptions will be
received in New York at the Companys Office, No. 20
Nassau street, aud by
Continental National Bank, No. 7 Nassau street,
Clark, Dodge & Co, Bankers, 51 Wall street,
John J. Cisco & Son, Bankers, No. 33 Wall street,
and by the Companys advertised Agents throughout the
United States. Remittances should be made in drafts
or other funds par in New York, and the bonds will bo
sent free of charge by return express. Parties subscrib-
ing through local agents will look to them for their safe
delivery.
A NEW PAMPHLET AND MAP, showing the Progress
of the Work, Resources for Construction, and value of
Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Office or of its
advertised agents, or will be sent free on application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
. New York.
November 23, 1867,
JJpEAS AND COFFEES
ESTABLISHED 1861.
THE
GREAT AMERICAN
' TEA
COMPANY
Are continually receiving direct from the Chinese and
Japanese factors, fresh importations of the choicest
flavored Teas. During the past few months th Company
have received two entire cargoes, one of which was THE
LARGEST CARGO EVER IMPORTED into this country,
and of the finest quality.
Parties getting their Teas from us may confidently
rely upon getting them pure and fresh, as they come
direct from the Custom House stores to our warehouses.
TheConopany continues to sell at the following prices:
OOLONG (Black), 60, 70^ 80, 90c., best $1 per lb.
MIXED (Green and Black,) 60, 70, 80, 90, best $1 per lb.
ENGLISH BREAKFAST, 60, 7U, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 20 per lb.
IMHERIAL (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best $1 25
per lb.
YOUNG HYSON, (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 25 per lb.
UNCOLORED JAPAN, $1, $1 10, best $1 25 per lb.
GUNPOWDER, $1 25, best $1 50 per lb.
COFFEES ROASTED AND GROUND DAILY.
GROUND COFFEE, 20c., 25c 30c., 35c., best 40c. per
lb. Hotels, Saloons, Boarding House Keepers, and
Families who use large quantities of Coffee, can econo-
mise in that article by using our FRENCH BREAKFAST
and DINNER COFFEE, which we sell at the low price ot
30c. per lb., and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.
Consumers save 5 to 8 profits of middle-men or about
ONE DOLLAR per pound, by purchasing their Teas of
the
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA COMPANY,
31 AND 33 VESEY STREET,
640 BROADWAY,
461 EIGHTH AVENUE,
Corner Church Street;
-Corner of Bleecker Street;
N. corner 34th Street;
299 SPRING STREET,
Bet. Hudson and Greenwich Streets;
205 FULTON STREET, BROOKLYN,
Corner Concord Street;
133 GRAND STREET,
WILLIAMSBURG
s
TARE & MARCUS
22 JOHN STREET.
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
ol the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WARE
AT RETAIL.
Warranted superior to the FincstSbcffield Plate.


9G
HMtt Evolution,
HE CREDIT
FONCIER OF* AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, PRESIDENT.
The following are among the first one hundred special
copartners ol the Credit Fonder and owners of Colum-
bus :
Augustus Konntze, [First National Bank, Omaha.]
Samuel E. Rogers, Omaha.
E. Creighton, [President 1st National Bank, Omaha.]
Thomas C. Durant, V. P. U. P. R. R.
James H. Bowen, [Prest 3rd National Bank, Chicago.]
George M. Pullman.
George L. Dunlap. [Superintendent N. W. R. R.]
John A. Dix, (President U. P. R. R.]
William H. Guion, [Credit Mobilier.]
William H. Macy, [President Deaths Manf. Bank.]
Charles A. Lambard, [Credit Mobilier] Director U. P. R. R.-
Oakes Ames, M. C., [Credit Mobilier.]
John M. S. Williams, [Director Credit Mobilier.]
John J. Cisco, [Treasurer U. P- R. R.]
H. Clews.
William P. Furniss.
Cyrus H. McCormick, [Director TJ. P. R. R.]
Hon. Simon Cameron.
John A. Griswold, M. C., [President Troy City National
Bhuk.]
Charles Tracy.
Thomas Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
F. Nickerson. [Credit Mobilier,] Eoston.
E. H. Baker, Baker k Mo'rrlil, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
W. T. Glidden, Glidden & Williams, Boston, [Credit Mo-
bilier.]
H. S. MCComb, Wilmington, Del., [Credit Mobilier.]
James H. Orne, [Merchant,] Philadelphia.
George B. Upton, [Merchant,] Boston.
Charles Macalester, [Banker,] Philadelphia.
C. S. Bushnell, [Director U. P. R. R.] Credit Mobilier.
A. A. Low, [President Chamber Commerce.]
Leonard W. Jerome.
H. G. Stebbine.
C. C. & H. M. Taber.
David Jones, [Credit Mobilier. ]
Beil. Holladay, [Credit Mobilier.]
The cities along the line of
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
Investment.
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days. Two Ocean Ferry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
(his way l
The Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists (two thousand miles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce the Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilier (its contractors), a national
reality ; the Credit Fonder (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the Union
Pacific Railroad. Under its present Napoleonic leader-
ship, in 1870 the road will he finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are alreadyrunning west
ol' Omaha to the base of the mountains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omaha ; where the
temporary bridge that has been constructed joins you
with the Pacific. Here is the time-table :
New York to Chicago (drawing-room car all
the way, without change).................38 hours.
Chicago to Omaha, without change (Pull-
maus sleeping palaces)..................24
Omaha to Cheyenne, or snmmit of Rocky
Mountains. (Union Pacific Railroad).."...28
90
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Mountains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or the removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from yonr state-room.
The Credit Foncier of America owns the capitol addi-
tion to Columbus,probably the future capitol of Ne-
braska. What is the Credit Foncier? Ask the first mil-
lionaire you meet, and the chances are he will tell you
that be was one of the one hundred original thousand
dollar subscribers. No other such special copartnership
ol wealthy men exists on this continent. (A list of these
distinguished names can be seen at the Company's
office.)
Where is Columbus? Ask the two hundred Union
Pacific Railroad excursionists who encamped there on
the Credit Foncier grounds. Is it not the geographical
centre of this nation? Ninety-six miJes due west from
Omaha, the new Chicago ; ninety-six miles from the
Kansas border on the south ; ninety-six miles from the
Dacotah line on the north, Columbus is situated on the
upper bottom, at the junction of the Platte and the Loup
Fork, and is surrounded by the finest agricultural lands in
the world.
The Credit Foncier lands extend from the railway
station across the railway, and enclose the Loup Fork
Bridge; the county road to the Pawnee settlement run-
ning directly through tiie domain. As the railway sys-
tem expands, Columbus will naturally be the railway
centre of the Sioux City, Nebraska City and Nemaha Val-
ley Railroads.
The Union Pacific Railroad Company were not slow to
see that Columbus was the natural point for an im-
portant station. The Credit Mobilier owns lands near
the city, ana some leading generals and statesmen are
ab-o property owners round about. Would you make
money easy ? Find, then, the site of a city and bny the
larm it is to be built on. How many regret the non-
purchase of that lot in New York ; that block in Buffalo;
that farm in Chicago; that quarter section in Omaha.
Once these city properties could fiatfe been bought for a
song. Astor and Girard made their fortunes in this
way. The Credit Foncier, by owning the principal
towns along the Pacific line to California, enriches its
shareholders white distributing its profits by selling
alternate lots at a nominal price to the public.
The Credit Foncier owns 688 acres at Columbus, di-
vided into 80ft. streets and 20ft. alleys.
These important reservations are made : Two ten-acre
parks ; one trn-acre square, for the university of Nebras-
ka ; one five-acre triangle, for an agricultural college;
one five-acre quadrangle, for a public school; one acre
each donated to the several churches, Episcopal, Catho-
lic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, Congregational
an d Baptist, and ten acres to the State lor the new Capitol
buildings.
Deducting these national, educational and religious
donations, the Credit Foncier has over 3,000 lots (44x115)
remaining, 1,500 of which they offer for sale, reserving
the alternate lots for improvements.
ADVANTAGES. -
First.it is worth fifty dollars to a young man to be
associated with such a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase the
preference right to be interested in the next town
mapped out by the Credit Foncier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine. *
Third.Owning 5,000 feet of land 1,700 miles off by
rail, extends ones geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina, and Virginia do not
compose the entire American Republic.
When t.hia ocean bottomthis gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inland lake of ten
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, wiih corn-fields and villages, a lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing,to have about the
house.
The object of the Credit.Foncier in selling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to open up the boundless
resources along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East. Landed proprietsrship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the em-
employee to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
thousand now.
As this allotment of 1,500 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago mid St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a check to the Company's
bankers, Messrs. John J. Cisco & Son, 33 Wall street,
when yon will receive a deed for the property.
To save the lot-owner the trouble of writing, the Credit
Foncier pays all taxes for two years.
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property in Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at the foot of the mountains, four hundred
miles-west of Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots there idling for three thou-
sand dollars.
Most of the Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
are the Shareholders of the Credit Foncier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
. Most respectfully, '
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P. BEMIS,
Secretary.
Office of the Company, 2 Nasba Street, New Yo&k
JpiISK AND HATCH,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN
GOVERNMENT SECURITIES,
NO. 5 NASSAU STREET,
BUY AND SELL AT MARKET RATES,
ALL DESCRIPTIONS
OF
UNITED STATES SECURITIES,
and give especial attention to the conversion
SEVEN-THIRTY NOTES
INTO tee
NEW FIVE-TWENTY BONDS OF 1866 AND 18167.
Holders of the Sixes of 1881, and Five-twenty Bonds
of 1862, sod May 1, 1865, may now realize a liberal differ-
ence by exchanging them for the new 5-2Cs of 1865-7.
We are prepared to make these exchanges upon the most
favorable terms.
Deposits received and collections made.
FISK & HATCH, No. 6 Nassau street.
ASKING HOUSE
OF
JAY COOKE & CO.,
No. 20 WALL ST., COR. OF NASSAU ST., NEW YORK.
We buy and sell at the most libera! current prices
and keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERNMENT BONDS OF ALL ISSUES,
SEVEN-THIRTIES,
AND
COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES,
and execute orders for purchase and sale of
STOCKS, BONDS AND GOLD.
We1 have added to our office a Retail Department, for
the accommodation of the public demand for investment
in and exchanges of Government Securities, the pur.
chase Gold and Interest Coupons, and the sale of In-
ternal Revenue Stamps.
SEVEN-THIRTIES CONVERTED INTO FIVE TWEN-
TIES AT THE MOST FAVORABLE RATES.
JAY COOKE & CO*
JJEALTH REFORM COLONY.
A Company has purchased 10,000 acres of land in
Southern Ohio, which they are selling in small farms to
such persons as will give their principal attention to
fruit culture. Liquor shops, tobacco shops, and drug
shops will not be allowed on the territory ; nor nuisances
of any kind. It is intended to establish a Model Society.
For further particulars^ apply to R. T. TRALL, M.D.,
No. 97 Styth avenue, New York, or send twenty-five
cents for a tract entitled Hygeiana No. 1."
GOSPEL OF HEALTH.
BY R. T. TRALL, M.D.
An illustrated monthly devoted to the advocacy of the
Hygienic Medical System. It teaches the people not
only how to cure invalids without medicine, but also,
what is vastly more important, how to live so as to avoid
sickness. Terms, $2 a year; Single number 20 cents.
R. T. TRALL & CO.
No>. 97 Sixth avenue, New York.
~ppOME- INSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, $100,000.00.
OFFICERS.
D. R. ANTHONY, President,
F. E. HUNT, Vice-President,
A. D. NIEMANN, Secretary.
OFFICE-49 MAIN STREET,
Leavenworth, Kansas.
EARLE H. SMITH,
ATTORNEY IN PATENT CAUSES
AND
SOLICITOR OF XT. S. & FOREIGN PATENTS,
-119 k 121 NASSAU STREET,
NEW YORK.


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