Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text




PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORSMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS' AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO. 8.
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1868. single^coW^oents.
Cl)t BfBolttticn.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.)
PARKER PILLSBPRY, ' }J1,aitors-
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 FARE ROW (ROOM 17).
IS VOTING A NATURAL RIGHT?
In various articles which have been published both in
favor of and opposed to the extension of suffrage to
women, a great deal has been said of the natural right
of suffrage. Now, if there is any one thing which more
than another has tended to create confusion, it is the use
in this connection of the words natural- right of suf-
frage/* And the reason of this is, simply, that there is
no such thing as the natural right of suffrage.** The
words are meaningless. The natural rights of every in-
dividual axe life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,
and none other. To conceive of a man, considered with-
out reference to his fellow-men, as possessed of the right
of suffrage is an absurdity. The existence of a society is
the necessary condition of the existence of this right.
When men enter into the compact of society they surren-
der into the hands of government part of their natural
rights, and, in exchange, are endowed with certain poli-
tical rights. Suffrage .originating in government, is a
political rightand has nothing whatever to do with
natural rights.
This quotation is from an article in a recent
number of the Round Table, and supposed to
have. been written by a woman. It is only by
possession of a compact style and other enviable
faculty of writing that so many mistaken notions
can be condensed into so small compass. At
least so it seems to this editor.
If there be any such thing as natural right to
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, there
must inevitably be some equally natural rights
attending them.* And yet the Round Table
writer declares the natural rights of every in-
dividual axe, life, liberty and the pursuit of hap-
piness, and none other.
And again, the writer says, when men enter
into the compact of society; they sm*render into
the hands of government part of their natural
rights, and in exchange, are endowed with cer-
tain political rights.
Which of their only three natural rights are
surrendered is unfortunately not told us. The
Declaration of Independence seems to presume
more than three natural rights ; for it says,
among these, as though there were more than
three, perhaps many more. Again the Declara-
tion calls these natural rights inalienablethat
is, as the best dictionaries say, cannot be legally
or justly alienated, or transferred to another.
Here there axe serious collateral difficulties at
the outset.
And again, do only men thus surrender ? And
is their consent asked and obtained? because
the same iihmortal instrument asserts that gov-
ernments derive all their just powers from the
consent of the governed. Humanity is at last
discovered, thanks to moral mariners compasses
and Columbusses to have two hemispheres, a
female as well as male. There are women as
well as menmore women generally, it is claim-
ed, than men. When their consent was eyer
asked, much less obtained to this surrender of
their rights, history even forgot to make a
memorandum. When they gave it, is surely
not recorded. And yet women are governed,
woefully governed sometimes ; but where came
the power, if only from the consent of the
governed do governments derive their author-
ity. Again our Round Table writer asserts, with
assurance pleasant to behold, Suffrage ori-
ginating in government, is a political right, and
has nothing whatever to do with natural nghtsr.
This also may require farther consideration.
For, tracing phenomena.back to. first principles,
some learned pundits came to the question,
which was first, the egg or the hen? The con-
clusion hitherto is (with true Sir Boger de
Coverly. liberality), that much may be said on
both sides. In old anti-slavery times, political
abolitionists used to insist that slavery was a
creature of law and therefore a political party
must immediately be formed to resist it. And
whoever would not join that party was no abo-
litionist. But the more radical class answered^
if slavery be the creature of law, of what is law
the creature ? Is there not a grandfather as well
as father ? And so they still claimed a hand in
the contest. Wasthere just government be-
fore suffrage? and if so, whence came it? Who
governed rather but a usurper before he was
chosen, and had the consent of the gov-
erned?^ same that governs woman to-day
without her. consent, the majesty of might; tax-
ing her without representation, and compelling
her to obey most rigorous and cruel laws, tvith-
out her consent ; without her even being corn-
suited either as to the making or executing of
those laws. The some that has fined, imprison-
ed, whipped naked, branded with red hot irons,
burned alive and hung without ever trying one
mortal one of them by a jury of her peers; in
Old England or New, in Europe or America,
since the star of Bethlehem illumined the
world!
But to return to the question of natural rights.
It may be that government by man over man is
in itself unnatural; a lawless and monstrous
usurpation. If so (and that is the faith of multi-
tudes), then there is an end of the argument.
But accepting the prevailing idea of human con-'
stitutions and laws, and of natural rights, is it
not inevitable that every natural right must
carry with it every condition necessary to its
possession and enjoyment? Without the latter
what would the former be worth ? Or how could
it be said to exist at all? The right of suffrage
is as old, as sacred and as universal as the right
to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. It
is indeed the complement of oil these, and
their only safeguard. The right to life would
be nothing without the right to acquire and
possess the means of its support So it were
mockery to talk of liberty and the pursuit of
happiness until the ballot in the hand of every
citizen seals and secures it. The right of life to
the bom slave is no right, if his possessor may
deprive him of all possible means for its preser-
vation. He may live, but it is only by the suf-
ferance of another. So of libertyTo man, to the
white man, the ballot is its bread and water,
light and ail*, without which it is nothing. Wo-
man may have privilege, but she can have no
right which the male citizen is bound to respect.
The right to give implies the right to take, and
suffrage has been taken from woman in New
Jersey within the last half century. But as
justly and perhaps more properly woman might
have voted it from man in the same way. Being
in the majority, why should she not if either be
deprived of it, in the very name of modem de-
mocracy ? The right of the black man to the
ballot was not earned at Olustee or Port Hud-
son, Fort Wagner or Fort Pillow. It wus his
when life began, not when life was paid for it
under the battle-axe of war. We talk of giving
right of suffrage to black men, and some in the
plenitude of their generosity propose to extend
it also to women. It is proposed, to make edu-
cated, cultivated, refined, loyal, tax-paying wo-
man, worth hundreds of thousands in gold, but
whose wealth in money is the. least of her
value to society, equal in rights to the servants
who groom her horses, dust her carpets, and
scour the pots and pans in her kitchen.
Not many- are thus magnanimous, though a
few are. But most even of these think
they are conferring a favor, a boon, not
.restoring a long withheld and most sacred right.
Suffrage may be regulated but not restricted.
For no male however white, -was ever bom with
three ballots in his hand, one his owii by birth-
right, the other two to be conferred on or with-
held from woman and the black man, at his
pleasure or convenience. Our trade in right of
suffrage is contraband. It is bold buccaneering
on the commerce of the moral universe. If we
have our neighbor's right of suffrage and citizen-
ship in our keeping, no matter of what color or
race, or sex, then we have stolen goods in oar
possession ; and Gods search-warrant will pur-
sue us forever, if those goods be not restored.
Suffrage was never in the hands of tyrants or
of governments, but by usurpation. It was
never given by them to any of us. We brought
it; not bought it; nor conquered it; nor begged
it ; nor earned it; nor inherited it It was
mans inalienable, irrepealable, inextinguishable
right from the beginning. It is so still ; the
same yesterday, to-day and while earthly gov-
ernments last It came with the right to see
and hear ; to breathe and speak ; to think and
feel; to love and hate ; to, choose and refuse ;
or it did not come at all. The right to §ee came
with the eye and the light; to hear, with the
ear, and to breathe, with the lungs and the air ;
and all these from the same infinite source.
And has not also the moral and spiritual nature
its inalienable rights ? Have the bodily organs,
which axe but the larder of worms, bom of the
dust, and dust their destinyhave they power


114
ft ft* iUvfllutifltt.
and prerogative -thatare denied to the reason,
the understanding, the conscience, the will,
those attributes which constitute responsibility,
accountability and immortality? Or shall God
give the power to choose, or refuse obedience to
his law aud reign, leaving the human will free
as his own ; and must mortal man, the mush-
room of yesterday and perishing to-morrow,
usurp a higher and more dreadful prerogative,
and compel support of and submission to laws
in which the subject or citizen has no voice in
making, executing or even consenting, on pain
of perpetual imprisonment, banishment or
death ?
It is time for Revolution. The ten command-
ments were not made for white male citizens.
The statute book of tbe moral universe makes
no distinction of color or sex, either in its de-
mands or penalties. Human governments may
be wrong in themselves, all wrong. But if they
be indeed a necessity of human nature aud di-
vinely appointed, then let the rights of human
nature be equal under them. If a white male
be eligible to suffrage at twenty-one, under
proper regulations, then let the black man be
eligible under the same regulations. If all
men may thus be citizens, so also may all wo-
men. Anything short of that is not democracy
but despotism ; and is -as sure to fall as the
throne of God is to stand. . p. p.
FEMALE FRANCHISE IN GREAT
- BRITAIN
Lady Anna Gore Langton, wife of the mem-
ber for West Somerset, daughter of the late
Duke of Buckingham, and heiress presumptive
to a peerage in her own right (that of the Earl-
dom of Tempie and Stowe), has signed a peti-
tion, praying that married women and widows,
duly qualified as rate payers, etc., might he ad-
mitted to the privilege of voting for jnembers of
Parliament. Petitions on the above subject
have been signed by 13,497 persons. The move-
ment is supported by persons of every variety
of opinion and creed, viz : Lady Amberley, Sir
George Bowyer, Mrs. Somerville, Sir Rowland
Hill, The ODonoghue, Mary Ho wit b, Lord
Romilly, Lady Goldsmid, Rev. C. Kingsley, Sir
J. Simpson, M.D. (who introduced chloroform
to the world), Goldwin Smith, etc. Sir R. Pal-
mer, .Hon. G. Denman, Q.C., and other legal
gentlemen have given it as their opinion thatby
the common law of England, women possessing
the necessary property qualification are entitled
to the suffrage. Mr. Chisholm Austey proves
from old parliamentary and legal records that
single women and widows in England, who
were freeholders in counties and burgesses of
boroughs, had anciently a right to vote for
members of Parliament, and that they fre-
quently exercised that right up to the time of
the great civil wars. At the present day in
Austria, in the Crown and hereditary lands of
the empire, all females, if large landed proprie-
tors, possess votes just the same as males. By
the Swedish reform bill, passed in December,
1865, a widow or single woman of full age, if
possessing more than £22 a year, can vote in
the election of members of the Upper Chamber.
London Star,
Diamond Wedding.The St. Louis Times
reports a diamond wedding in that city remark-
able only for the color of it. The parties were
a colored barber, a semi-millionnaire, and an
heiress supposed also to be worth a cool three
hundred thousand dollars. The Times says the
affair created considerable excitement., and has
been the theme of gossip in all grades of soci-
ety ever since. This, of course, is owing
simply to the wealth of tbe parties, for, despite
persistent efforts, they have been utterly un-
able to obtain social position. The mar-
riage service was performed in a style of mag-
nificence never surpassed in the city. The altar
was illuminated and decked in its richest orna-
ments. The most splendid vestments belong-
ing to the church were used, and the whole edi-
fice wore the appearance of a grand festival.
Carpets were spread down the aisles of the
church, and extended out on tbe sidewalk even
to the curbstone. In the sanctuary six clergy-
men were assembled, surrounded by eighteen
attendants. The Times gives the names of the
felicitous pair as Mr. J, Thompson' and Miss
Antoinette Rutger.
A BOSTON NOTION.
In the healing art there are Allopathy, Ho-
moeopathy, Hydropathy,- Electropathy and other
systems, and now the City of Notions has
added a new one not named Liftopathy, though
that word in English describes it. The author
of this new school is D. P. Butler, of 19 Tem-
ple Place, Boston, where he has established
himself in his new department of medical prac-
tice. And he has recently issued a handsome
octavo volume, illustrating most felicitously his
system, copies of which he has sent to The
Revolution. The work is entitled The Lifting
Curean Original, Scientific Application ot the
Laws of Motion or Mechanical Action to Physi-
cal Culture and the Cure of Disease. We feel
warranted in saying that a careful study of this
little treatise will be labor and time well spent.
We have known Mr. Butler many years, and
have been witness to the patient, persevering
study he has given to his theory, in all its prin-
ciples, laws and relations. We have seen also
some of its remarkable results, not only in se-
curing a wondrously well developed muscular
development, both in men and women, but
also in the cure of disease.
The vital forces and energies of the human
System are yet undiscovered in all their terrible
possibilities. Every prodigy in any desirable
quality or faculty, is but an indication of what
all should or may become. It is not enough
that one man or woman is distinguished for one
desirable endowment. All the gifts, graces,
virtues and powers now divided among many
should be the possession of each and every one ;
and whatever will secure the greatest degree of
strength, vigor, health and perfection of the
physical organization, will do most towards at-
taining that most important consummation. The
stronger the organization the better it will resist
disease ; and medical systems that merely cure,
even if they do no serious injury while curing,
are but half a blessing to humanity. It is pos-
sible to so perfect the human constitution as
that it shall defy disease in all its forms. Hu-
man nature will not be perfect until every sin-
gle man is as strong as is now the strongest
man ; nor until every woman is as beautiful as
is now the most beautiful woman nor until all
men and all women are as wise, and as virtuous,
too, as are now or ever have been the saints and
sages of the race.
The nation made a fool of itself in making a
hero of Weston the walker. Every man in
Portland, and woman, too, Should be able to
walk to Chicago as quick as he did. Opera-
dancers and acrobats are only indications of what
all will be able to do some day, and then those
childish performances will cease. A man
once, told the Sultan of*Turkey that he could
outrun his swiftest Arabian courser. He said
he could run him to death! The Sultan was
angry and told him he should make the trial,
and should die himself if he failed to keep his
word. He chased the horse round the course
until he dropped dead, and was ready himself
for farther trial Any skillful opera dancer
training herself to run as she does to dance,
would easily outrun any horse. We call it fable
that a man began to lift a calf and lifted him
every day until he became an ox. But it may
have been no fable. Hot many years ago a man
was exhibited over the country who, lying down
aud bracing .his feet firmly, could hold a whip-
pletree in his hands while a strong horse attached
to it and- driven to his best, could not draw' it
from him. Insane persons often show the ter-
rible latent energy in the human system. There
is the same and greater power in persons nqt
insane, and one day there will be wisdom
enough to use it. We saw Dr. Windship many
years ago lift eleven hundred pounds avoirdu-
poise, easily. But this very year we saw Mr.
Butler, a smaller man, lift quite as easily more
than twelve hundred pounds, and he said he
was constantly adding by practice, even to that.
A leading principle in Mr. Butlers philosophy
is, that the human system should be fortified
by a'wise culture to resist disease. Prevention
is certainly better than any system of cure. Tbe
human race really is the weakest of all the
races ; subject to innumerable- diseases un-
known elsewhere, and to premature decay and
death equally without parallel. Our religious
systems do not cure the moral, nor our medical
the bodily ills. In the most quiet and unas-
suming manner possible, Mr. Butlgr has opened
a new mine of wealth and health to mankind.
We are glad to see that the press are giving hiui
favorable notice; and knowing that with his
labor is mixed a liberal share of genuine phi-
lanthropy, we wish him a success commensu-
rate with his most sanguine desires and hopes.
_______________ p. p.
WHAT THE PRESS SAYS OF THE
REVOLUTIONS
From the Geneva Courier, N. Y.
The Revolution is conducted with marked ability,
and with a very perceptible flavor of the spice character-
istic of tbe editors. While we have not the least expecr
tation that The Revolution will revolutionize the
country, yet it will doubtless have a large, perhaps a
beneficent influence.
True, we cannot do the grand work of usher-
ing in the golden age alone, but if the press
everywhere will do its duty we can mould this
continent to our will. Let each man mend one
and the world is mended.
From the National Platform, Des IJoiu'es, Iowa.
The Revolution is a wide-awake, aggressive
worker in the field it has chosen, and strikes hard blows
both light and left. Many of its alleged objects we sym-
pathize with, but others seem to us, from our stand-
point, impracticable, if not undesirable. The Revo-
lution is beautifully printed on good paper.
Please tell us, Iowa, what we have under-
taken that is undesirable. As the editors,
proprietor and owners of the paper disagree on
many public questions* and propose to discuss
everything freely, presenting the pros and consr
we think it most desirable to have ill the coun-
try one paper that will open its columns to both
sides of all questions.
From the Troy Press.
the Revolution.We hare received several nuxft-


bers of the new Womans Rights paper, edited by
Mrs. Stanton and Parker Pilisbury. We like it. It is a
small, neat, sixteen page weekly, printed on snow-white
paper from elegant type. It is an admirable paper for
ladies, and more worthy of perusal than a ton of
Bazars and Journals of Fashion and even the
stronger sexcan find much in it to. enlighten and
improve them. May this Revolution never go back-
ward. Up with your fans, E. C. S. and P. P., and
hide your blushes.
The fact that we were educated in Troy
Seminary under the strong-minded Mrs.
Wiliard, accounts for our revolutionary career.
We trust our journal will be placed in the hands
of the young ladies who now slyly dodge teach-
ers at forbidden times, in the same halls where
in our youthful days we searched alike for
knowledge and amusement. The Press
speaks words of wisdom in recommending
The Revolution to all women. Let us
leave Bazars and Fashions and save the Re-
public.
From the New York Atlas.
We see .no reason why we should advertise George
Franois Train for less than our usual rates.
There is every reason why you should do that
benevolent deed. He is an unusual man, and
doing the unusual work of trying to enfranchise
his countrywomen. Chivalry to the fair,
whom you toast on the Fourth of July and all
great occasions would impel you to go in and'
advertise Train and The Revolution for
less than your usual rates, even for nothing. It
is more blessed, you know, to give than receive.
CURRENT NOTES.
Editors of the Revolution:
We are all like that well-known Frenchman
who, having heard that the bankers with whom
he had deposited some money were in difficul-
ties, went and demanded his funds. The cash-
ier was directed to pay him, whereupon he said,
If you can pay me, I no want him. If you
cannot pay, begar, me want him right away..
No one wants gold (except for Custom House
duties or as merchandise) for his paper money,
so long as he feels perfect confidence that his
dollar of paper will buy a gold dollar, or be re-
deemed in specie whenever called for.
Our present difficulty does not seem to be
that we have too many paper dollars, but that
our paper is not so good as it ought to be. The
inevitable consequence of this is that it takes
more of them to do the business of the country,
because the prices of all articles measured by
paper are higher. If the wages of labor were
appreciated in the exact ratio with other things
this would be no evil, but it is not so. The
wages of labor are raised with much more diffi-
culty than the prices of the necessaries of life.
False pretences are always bad, and a currency
which professes to be convertible into the
amount of human labor represented by a gold
dollar, but fails to do so, is based on.a false pre-
tence. But bankers, capitalists and merchants,
can. conform more readily to this false standard,
and are less hurt by it than the laborer is. The
laborer creates real values, and does not put
money in his pocket by fluctuation in prices, as
the speculator doesthe latter gaining which-
ever way prices go, while the former is spoliated.
All but the parasites who live on the diseases of
the body politic, agree that a return to the spe-
cie standard would be for the interest of &U. A
certain number, mostly in the interest of the
creditor class, propose to return to specie pay-
ments by the way of contraction, which would
be the road to ruin for the immense majority

who belong to the debtor class. But I believe
there is a way to resume specie payments with-
out contraction and without* ruin to any
class. We all see that a return- to specie
standard would reduce the nominal value of la-
bor, and of all articles of merchandise, of all
property except promises to pay. For ex-
ample, a man has bought a thousand yards of
cloth for which he has given his note for a
thousand dollars. He depends upon the pro-
ceeds of the cloth to pay his note; but the mo-
ment specie payments are resumed, his cloth
has been reduced in its nominal value to seven
hundred dollars, while the note remains un-
changed. But if the resumption of specie pay-
ment were accompanied by a law shrinking the
notes and other debts in the same proportion as
other values, justice would be done to all parties,
and the transition could be made with advan-
tage 4:o all and injury to none. The resumption
of specie payment would be equivalent to an ex-
pansion of the currency ; and if, in addition to
that, the plan was adopted of making greenbacks
exchangeable forbonds*at par, and vice versa,
the amount issued would never be in excess of
the real wants of the community. As it is now,
no one knows what the legitimate wants of the
people are ; but it is safe to say that, with a per-
fectly good currency, measured as to its unit
either by a gold dollar or by any other tolerably
invariable product of labor, issued in accordance
with the demands of commerce, wo shouldhave
taken the first step toward the abolition of the
credit system. The debtor is always the servant
of the creditor, and labor can never be emanci-
pated from its servile dependence upon capital
until the credit system is doDe away with. In
order to make the resumption of specie payment
feasible, it would also be necessary to adopt and
universalize what is called the Suffolk Bank sys-
tem, with some improvements. The result of
that would very soon be the, establishment of a
redeeming center in London, when our money
would be as current in London as in New York.
f. s. o.
MARY WOLSTONCRAFT AND WOMAN'S
RIGHTS.
Among the first acts of justice which The
Revolution, as a journal devoted to the rights
of woman, should perform, is that ot rescuing
from the mire of calumny and obloquy heaped
upon it, the name of Mary Wolstoncraft, first
defender and vindicator of those rights.
Rarely has so pure, so true, so noble a woman
been known as was this one whose memory has
been so blackened and calumniated, whose
name when mentioned at all is spoken with
contempt, whose virtues are overlooked or for-
gotten, and whose mistakes are held up to the
worlds scorn as positive vices.
What! sopie self-righteous Pharisee will
exclaim, in holy horror, would you hold up as
a model to the pure eyes of our daughters and
Sisters this woman, with her Atheism and social-
istic tendencies, her shocking disregard of the
marriage rite, her bold handling of subjects
foreign to womans delicacy, her contempt for
all those clinging, dependent graces which make
her sex so lovely in the eyes of man, her natural
protector? This is Revolution indeed! Patience,
my friend. I do not uphold hers as an example
to be literally followed step by step. Rather let
her mistakes be out lessons. These things
would not be right perhaps in the case of your
carefully guarded sisters, your petted and idol-
ized daughters; nor do you need to fekr. No
amount of example will ever make Mary Wol-
115
stoncrafts of exotics of social life like there.
They have no goad to drive them to the ex-
tremes to which she was driven ; their life htu
been no perpetual warfare like hers, that there
should be any danger of making Amazons in a
moment of them.
But Mary Wolstoncraft, in her earnestness,
her. perseverance, her unconquerable courage,
her purity of intention, her sincerity of purpose,
her faith in human nature, her noble charity
and self-forgetfulness, her fidelity in friendship,
her generous and forgiving spirit, her detesta-
tion of everything which she thought false or
trivial, is an example which no woman will be
the worse for imitating.
Hers was a hard life from the beginning;
with an obstinate, domineering, unreasonable
father, who gave her her first lessons in Womans
Wrongs through the abuse and blows bestowed
upon her mother when she ventured to question
the capricious will which he made law to his
family ; yet she proved, in spite of the unloving-
ness of her home, a dutiful, helpful daughter,
and a thoughtful, provident sister to her younger
brothers and sisters. In whatever capacity em-
ployed, as attendant, teacher, governess, or
translator for a publishing house, she always
won the regard and esteem of her employers.
She was a faithful friend, a generous enemy, a
tender mother, and a loving and beloved wife. I
contend that, although in the case of Imlay sbo
disavowed the use of the marriage rite, falsely
thinking that no such legal ceremony was neces-
sary to the honor or happiness of the congugal
relation; yet that false idea did not lower her
true purity of character; for, after overcoming
the first agony caused by his heartless desertion
of herself and child, she did not, as many
weaker women would have done, drift there-
after unresistingly into the whirlpool of vice,
but with a brave, unflinching heart, took up
her burden of life again, living a life pure and
good enough to warrant William Godwin
making her his loved and honored wife.
In 1790 Burke gave to the world his celebrated
Reflections on the French Revolution. Upon
its appeal ance there arose from all true friends
of freedom, a cry of protest against the specious
sophisms of this attack on the principles of re-
publican government. Mary Wolstoncraft, al-
ready known as. an authoress, was among the
first to reply to it by a pamphlet entitled A Vin-
dication of the Rights of Man. This pamphlet
elicited much comment, and won for her, as a
powerful writer, much admiration. It did more.
It set her to thinking more strongly than ever
of womans xorongs,. and as a result she pub-
lished in 1792 her Vindication of the Rights of
Woman, which she wrote in the short space of
six weeks. This bookby which she ought to be,
if she is not, best knownis written in strong,
vigorous, forcible, and passionate language.
Every page bears impress of the earnestness and
sincerity of. the writers feelings. It is an elo-
quent, indignant protest against the false gal-
lantry and contemptuous tenderness which men
bestow on women ; against the false policy pur-
sued by women in humoring this masculine as-
sumption of superior intelligence and worth, by
appealing to mans love and protection through
his sensualism and self-esteem, by confessing
by their actions that they are only fit to he the
playthings of an. idle hour, instead of intelligent
companions and effective co-laborers with man
in the battle of life.' Carping critics, opposed to
the true elevation of our sex, have too long
sneered at and belied this book. It is time that
it was republished and carefully and candidly
perused. They have whispered of indelicacy, of


116

unwomanly immodesty in advertence to tabooed
subjects. There is nothing in its pages which
any truly modest and intelligent woman may
not read without a blush. That false and weak
modesty, however, which blushes and simpers at
the same time if the word leg be uttered in
its presence, but which devours eagerly in secret
those indecent sensational publications of whose
immoral tendency there can be no shade of
doubt, might object to the freedom with which
she strips of its mask of gallantry and chivalric
devotion, the lowness of sensual thought with
which the majority of men regard women, and
which, as a sensible, thinking woman, she de-
spised and resented. Women also, whose minds
have been cramped into perpetual babyhood
who haye a vague idea that the word feminine
means weak, helpless, uhintellectual women,
from whom, if the protecting prop of the mas-
culine arms which uphold them were for a mo-
ment removed, would sink at the first tempta-
tion into sudden destruction, will not like Mary
Wolstoncrafts Vindication, because of her
words of condemnation and contemptuous pity
for what she deemed their self-imposed and
cherished weaknesses.
To Mary Wolstoncrafts honor be it said that,
although her book met with abuse and misre-
presentation, with sneer and riducule from its
male critics, and a shriek of affected alarm from
her own sex; yet it inaugurated the work of re-
form in female education. While men sneered,
they thought, and finally mads slight move-
ments in the right direction. While women
blushed and shrieked in public, they read her
book by stealth, and feeling the truth of her
words, acted upon her hints when they could
do so without observation.
In some lines addressed to his wife, the
daughter of Mary Wolstoncraft and William
Godwin, and herself an authoress of no little re-
pute, the poet Shelley pays the following tribute
to her mother :
Of glorious parents thou aspiring child
I wonder not, for one then leit the earth,
Whose life was like a setting planet mild,
Which clothed thee in the radiance undefiled
Of her departing glory ; still her fame
Shines on thee thro these tempests dark and wild.
S. A. Underwood.
Civilisation in Massachusetts.The news-
papers contain accounts of attempts at hazing
in Amherst College and Harvard University in
which the assailants had the worst of it, and a
good deal the worst, at which everybody else
was very glad. A few broken heads given in
such a cause might mend Massachusetts manners
as much as the war did those of the barbarians
of the South. The Boston Commonwealth has
another Cambridge item of good omen, as be-
low :
We are glad that two young colored men, who were
refused admittance into the Cambridge skating-rink
solely because they were colored, sued the proprietors
for their exclusion, and got a fine of $20 and costs each
upon them. It is time this prejudice was broken up ;
possibly nothing but sweat-money will do it. There-
fore, we say, let every excluded colored man test his
rights in common with the public generally in the
courts.
Women on Boards op Education.Kansas
puts women into the clerkships of the Legisla-
ture and by law on Boards of Education and
some other important positions, but in Massa-
chusetts the bill to allow women to serve on
school-committees has been rejected in the
House 87 to H2.
The Board of Education favor the election of
women to school committees. In their current
report they say:
In all our towns it is difficult to find men to put on the
school committee who have both time and ability for
the work. Butin all our towns there are women who
have had experience in teaching children, who are
deeply interested in education, and who, moreover,
have ample time to attend to the business. Some towns
in the commonwealth have already chosen women on
their school committee. But as the legality of this pro-
ceeding has been doubted, and as the advantages of it,
in many instances, are unquestionable, this board would
recommend to the General Court to pass a law distinctly
authorizing any town in the commonwealth to put on
the school committee a certain proportion of women,
unless the present law he considered adequate.
A PLEA.
I wonder did you ever count1
The value of one human fate?
Since first the Song of the Shirt wailed
its sad numbers across the Atlantic, humanita-
rians have not ceased endeavors to ameliorate
the condition of working women; but while
much has been accomplished towards this end,
any one who will take the trouble to inquire
into the matter will find that there remains
much to be done before that hymn of sorrow
will belong to the past alone.
Walking leisurely down Broadway, we stop
occasionally to admire the gorgeous goods dis-
played in the plate-glass windows of its marble
palaces. How rich and elegant these brocades
and moires; how gossamer-like and recherche
these organdies and crepis. And oh, these
laces! Can you wonder that a womanone,
too, who knows what real lace isshould be in
ecstaey over such point as this shawl? What
wondrous skill the fairy fingers that wrought
its groups and wreaths and arabesques of flow-
ers must have possessed!
Do you say you think that women who are
expert in such manufactures should be well paid
for tbeir talent and labor ? This shawl before
us is a specimen of artistic beauty, and it needs
only a glance to show you that taste, delicacy
of manipulation, with great patience and skill,
are requisite in its fabrication.
Involuntarily your imagination conjures up a
picture of the lace-makers in tbeir homes. You
see charming little cottages, and fair, ruddy
maidens plying their bobbins by latticed win-
dows, in which hang bright cages of singing
birds, and round whose trellises cluster dark-
green ivy and fragrant roses. Little children
play upon the shady lawn, while some ancient
dame prepares the evening meal of bread and
milk and fruit beneath the spreading lindens.
It is a pretty fancy-piece. Shall we compare
it with the reality ? Let us imagine ourselves
endowed with some magic power of transport-
ing ourselves in a moment to some old-world
city, say Antwerp or Brussels, where lace is
manufactured. You perceive we pass over the
green suburbs and the better parts of the town,
and alight in a close and murky street. Ah!
you dont like the stifling atmosphere and shabby
houses ; yet it is here the lace-makers live and
toil, not above ground either. Come down
with me into this cellar. Do not stumble ; you
will see better shortly, when your eyes become
accustomed to the dimness. These women see
to do this delicate work here; yes, and get
blind over it! Why, if .they must live in these
wretched dens, do they not have rooms upon the
upper floors? Because these cellars rent for a
mere pittance, and miserable as the rooms
above ground are, they are too dear for these
poor people. It is said also that the thread
used in the manufacture of point lace is so fine
and brittle that it will not well bear the strain
of working in the drier air above ground.
Observe the family. They are at work just
now upon very much such a shawl as that ex-
hibited in the Broadway window. A blind 'wo-
manblind from lace-makingis winding the
thread from the reels upon bobbins; another,
who, on account of failing sight wears a shade
over her eyes, traces with coarse thread and
numberless pins, a pattern on a lace pillow,
which design will, by and by, be filled in
with wonderful lace stitches by one of the three
young girls who are now finishing similar
pieces ; three little children, ranging from three
to six years of age, are busy with bobbins and
little cushions, making the small stars and bars
and sprays which are to be used in joining the
more pretentious parts together. Their mid-
day meal of black bread, coarse cheese, and
cold water, is on the table. Now they take a
bite, and now a sup, not pausing from their
work to lay aside the pillows from tbeir laps.
Poor creatures! the pittance they earn in man-
ufacturing this exquisite shawl, for which some
more fortunate sister will pay her hundreds,
will only keep them, not from want, but starv-
ation. *
You thought you knew what real lace was,
did you ? Yesterday you could have bought such
a shawl and worn it with pleasure. Could you
do it to-day? Would you not see the blood of
innocents on its spotless white, and in its fairy
meshes the snares in which priceless human
souls have been dragged down to death and
hell? Ah! you shudder, and are glad to leave
the dingy old world far behind and stand once
more upon the sunny pavement of New York
City. You sigh, and wiping the tears from your
eyes, say: It is a pity such things are in the
world, but you are glad it is not in our own dear
country they are allowednot here in glorious
America, no, thank God! not here l In this
land of liberty (now since slavery is abolished,
truly the land of the free ), women need not
suffer such misery as this we have just looked
upon. They have the opportunity to sustain
themselves honorably. They are respected and
are upheld and sustained by public opinion in
honest labor. All that is heedful is the capa-
city to perform, and the will to do, and plenty
of work is at band and at good prices. No one,
in this country, who is willing to work, need
starve. How often have we heard this boast.
Shall we see if we have cause for our glorying?
Step along to this window ; all the articles in it
are made up here in the city. Observe this
Kobe de Chambre. Is it not exquisite with its
heavy embroidery of silk and braid and beads ?
These baby caps, too, and this baptismal robe
of linen cambric, with its groups of tiny tucks
and little puffings let in with Valenciennes
lace. You perceive the robe is marked at $100,
and the babys dress at $75, and you say, well,
the price is not too great for such perfect work,
and if one can afford it you like to see money
spent in buyng the handiwork of. women; you
like to encourage them in their honorable efforts
to be independent. You are sure we remuner-
ate our sewing women as they deserve, or, if not
quite that, better, far better than those poor,
weary women over the water are paid. We
pride ourselves, as Americans, as a liberal and
progressive people, in this, standingapart a lit-
tle in our modest pride, while we thank God we
are not litce other men. The woman who
made that robe worked upon it twelve daysand
not eight hours, but fourteen hours each day


iUralntiatt
117
d
and when it was finished, she received from the
forewoman of this establishment $10. The girl
whose agile fingers run those little tucks and
whipped the rolling hems of the dainty puff-
ing of this babys dress, spent eight days upon
her work, obliged to keep it so exquisitely clean,
too, that it need not be washed, and received as
the price of her labor three dollars. Would you
now like to give your baby to the Lord in that
dress ? Would you not feel as if you were mock-
ing at Him, while you vowed to renounce the
world, the flesh and the devil ? Do not draw your
skirts closer to you and shrink away in disgust
from the approach of the haggard, hollow-eyed
women of shame who pass you in the street.
They were once as pure as you are, and most of
them have come to this wretched state because
they were not brave enough to choose death
rather than dishonor. Thousands do choose it,
and we hear little of them, for the grave is deep
and their voices do not reach our ears; but think
you not the Lord, who heard the blood of Abel
crying unto him, hears a more pitiful cry from
the last only resting places of these poor weary
ones? They, free among the dead, are be-
yond our help now ; but these others, the poor
sinners, the like of whom Jesus pitied, and
their sisters, who are toiling to ward off the
dreadful choice, are here in our midst where we
canreach them. Surely there is something each
one of us can do towards rendering the possibil-
ity of such a choice impossible. If we omit it,
may not their blood cry out against us ? If we
could see ourselves now, as God sees us, should
we nofperceive on our skirts the blood of these
poor women, our souls stained with their dis-
honor. 0, my sisters, do not turn a deaf ear to
my pleading for these poor women This is no
romanoe. It is truth. I know of what I write,
for I have been a sewing woman, and speak
from experience.
In my next paper I will endeavor to describe
some of my experiences, as well as events in the
history of others, that came under my observa-
tion during the period of my career as a seam-
stress.' H. M. S.
Women Casting out Devils.The Ohio pa-
pers tell a good story of the way some brave
but quiet women exorcised some evil spirits
that had begun to take possession of their hus-
bands and sons. It is said that, in the town of
New Paris, in that state, a number of enter-
prising ladies, determined to avail themselves of
their leap-year privileges, got up a surprise
party, aud called upon a couple of gentlemen
who had recently established a whiskey shop in
that town. Armed with their knitting-work,
the party marched to the saloon, helped them-
selves to seats, made themselves as comfortable
as possible, and staid till night. Next morning
the same party called again, remained through-
out the day, were reinforced by a strong com-
pany of recruits toward nightfall, and did not
depart till 9 oclock. The disgusted publicans,
swearing that not a dd man'came in dur-
ing the two days, quietly pulled up stakes,
packed up their unsold rum, and evacuated the
town without waiting for a third visit.
A Jxjst Reward.Young Brown, the student
at Amherst who defended himself against the
sophomores who came to haze him, has been
publicly commended by the faculty, and pre-
. sented with a scholarship of $202 a year. Geo.
Graves, the hazer who was most injured, is in a
hopeless condition. Let every college thus en-
courage young students to resist the worse than
savage custom of hazing, and it would do more
to promote civilization than all the wars of a
thousand years.
THE WORKING WOMEN OF NEW YORK
ARTICLE H.
THE SEWING WOMEN.
Under this head may be included those who,
in myriads of marble palaces, fight poverty
with the point of a.needle. There are the little
apprentices who begin to learn their trades
when mere children ; then, again, the young
women, married and single, the widows and
worse than widows, who are forced to earn their
livelihood by the sweat of their brow. In
visiting the numerous work-rooms of the city,
one cannot look carelessly on while these poor
creatures work, and delve, and die for the
weekly stipend they are said to earn. It is our
object to investigate into errors and grievances,
both of employee and employer. Cautiously,
carefully have complaints been sifted, until the
gist of the whole matter has been reached.
Employers have told us how efficient were their
help, and expatiated upon the high wages paid
them in these hard timesforewomen and
overseers, while cordial and attentive, have in-
variably sounded the praises of employers ; the
employed themselves occasionally, will profess
themselves thoroughly satisfied with existing,
prices; but now and then a fearless one will ex-
press her dissatisfaction and indignation at
treatment to which she must submit.
And here comes to our knowledge a terrible
fact, touching closely upon the Christianity of
the day. It is not the common class of. mer-
chants, whose goods are displayed on shabby
oounterSj who grind their sewing women by
ruinous rates and almost impossible require-
ments. It is rather the merchant whose self-
satisfied features and established reputation
stamp him a merchant prince among his com-
peers. And of women, the seamstress com-
plains more reasonably of the daintily robed
lady, whose feet disdain the vulgar earth, and
whose immaculate kids finger a velvet prayer-
book upon Sundays. Strange, is it not, that
those who proclaim Gods love so loudly should
have nothing but selfishness in their hearts.
Strange, too, that women, who pray lead ns
not into temptation, should not make an effort
to drag one or two of their sex from the brink
of destruction to which high board bills, low
prices for work and high prices for clothing are
leading unfortunate women every day. It is
not charity these toilers want. It is simple jus-
ticea radical Revolution in trade. Why is it
that merchants raise the prices of goods, aud at
the same time pay the old rates for making them
up ? Why do they cheat you and me when we
buy of them, and rob us when we work for them ?
It is simply because they can impose with im-
punity upon us the buyers, and defraud us, the
laborers, of our just due, simply and solely be-
cause we are women. Why should women sub-
mit to a state ol things like the present ? They
have power; let them rise en masse and demand
a change.
But it will be said this is unwomanly! It
must he so, since it is womanly to stand aside and
allow ourselves to be trampled upon. Womans
voice is weak. But in the last few years it has
been gathering strength for the inevitable con-
flict. Now, in 1868, from the Old World to the
New, a murmur, clear and concertive, has arisen;
soon it will become a shout, proclaiming vic-
tory, Trusting in the God of Right taking up
the shield fearlessly, The Revolutionwill
redress our wrongs, and the Bridge of Sighs
will cease to be trodden by weary, heart-broken
women.
In this article, while touching upon sew-
ing women generally, we will briefly allude to
a class well known to the residents of a great
city like New York. They may be grouped
into one class, and denominated genteel poor
people. They are the wives, daughters and sis-
ters of bankrupt merchants, deceased officers,
and now and then have enrolled descendants of
titled heads, and persons with great expecta-
tions. As one cannot live upon deceased wealth,
or wealth in prospective, these poor creatures
come in shoals for the work that they must at-
tempt, simply because it offers the means to
stay the pangs of povertyand too often, may-
hapstarvation.
These people, as a general thing, will only do
work quietly, as they term it; which means
that they will sit up into the wee sma hours
if need be, provided no one finds it out. Grasp-
ing employers trade upon the wants of this
numerous class, and through the medium
of leading journals attract their attention
by characteristic advertisements. As, for in-
stance ; last winter, a young widow lady whose
income wasxl only a thousand a year, was much
bewildered by the straitened nature of her
purse. In fact she could not support herself
and child as she wished, and leave New York,
where she had always lived, she would not.
While in this perplexed state of mind a peculiar
advertisement in the Herald caused her to go
at once to the private entrance of a marble pal-
ace, where polite dolls, in male attire, show off
goods and themselves at the same time. Here
she was shown up into the fourth story, where
a hard-faced woman spoke pleasant words in a
harsh voice. The lady was closely veiled, and
the arrangements were made in the most myste-
rious manner in a private room. This lady had
a sewing machine at home, and therefore con-
sented to take fine white waists to tuck. She
deposited five dollars as security, gave her ad-
dress, and went home with her small package
rolled into her muff. She had never thought of
asking the price. Of course Mr.-----was so re-
sponsible a man, that she never for one instant
doubted his integrity. There she was wrong.
He eonld afford to grind poor sewing girls to
the dust; how much more would he wring a dol-
lar or two from the nearly empty purse of a gen-
teel person, who would rather die than have
anybody know she would descend to sewing
even as a means of eking out a scanty income.
Well, in a week the work was done. The dainty
little lady worked hard for one whole week, and
thoroughly satisfied with what she had done, re-
paired to the marble palace and ascended to the
fourth story, where the munificent sum of two
dollars was doled out to her, as the price of one
weeks labor. With that sum, her security
money was returned, and she departed sadder
and wiser than when she started out that morn-
ing. Ladies who employ seamstresses, too, are
often much to blame in the course they pursue
with their dependents. They grind them to the
dust, they practice extortion in exacting hour
upon hour beyond that legally allowed, and yet
dare to look the whole world in the face and
call themselves honest women.
God will judge. The outcast is often a vic-
tim. The employer is often the one who, before
the Judge of all, must answer the charges of
fraud and perfidy preferred by outraged sewing
women, Tupto,


118 ' gUraltttiini.
TO SPEAK, OK NOT TO SPEAK.
The two articles below are foreign. The sec-
ond well illustrates the first, for every reader
must see that the latter, from the Saturday
Review (London), conceals move of truth than
it tells, and that on the whole it would have its
readers suppose it was really in full favor with
the doctrine of the equality of the sexes. Eng-
land owes much of her greatness and almost all
her respectability to her queens rather than her
kings. Let readers keep that. in mind while
reading the Mr. Doubleface of the Review. Tbe
first article is from Frazers Magazine, as fol-
lows :
In the long run the habit of beeping back much of
what he thinks acts destructively on the man himself.
The practice dims his conscience, and alters his very
creed. He suppresses so much that In the end he blots
out part of himself, and hardly knows what he believes
as a man, and what as a partisan. While the process of
decline is going on, the mans utterances lack the
warmth, the clear riDg, the sharp edge, which we find in
the ideas that come straight from the heart and brain.
That is why partisan speeches sound so hollow. That is
why the writing of able men in the leading columns even
Of the chief journals so often lacks edge and distinctness,
and seems the work of an intellectual machine, rather
than oi a living intellect. It is for the same reason that
most men are so much smaller than nature meant them
to be. Nature meant them to be big and well formed ;
but they are Hunted and disproportioned, because some
of their faculties have never been exercised at all. They
will not speak out, they will not say what they think; so
they become like unto the thing they worship-the God
of Corporate Action, whose gospel is that of suppression,
whose hymns are made np of abstract phrases punctuated
with winks, and unto whose throne goes up, day and
night, the incense of hypocrisy. Mr. Mill believes this
lack of individuality to be the most dangerous sign in
modern civilization. At least, if men would dare to lead
the lives marked out for them by Nature, they would
speedily be very different from a race of mental and
moral dwarfs. Keats spoke the truth under the veil of
poetic exaggeration when he said that if each would ex-
press himself, each would be great, and humanity would
become a grand democracy of forest trees.
From the London Saturday Review.
Womans Mission.What does the public gain by
keeping up the sentimental notion about woman's mis-
sion ? It is her business, most of us think, to charm
and tr attract, partly in order that she may do man real
good, and partly that she may add to the luxury, the re-
finement and the happiness of life. With this view,
society is very solicitous to keep her at a distance from
everything that may spoil or destroy the bloom of her
character and tastes. Few people go so far as to say
that she ought not to work for h livelihood, if her
circumstances render tbe effort necessary and prudent.
As a fact, we see at once that such a proposition cannot
be broadly supported, and that any attempt to enforce it
would lead to endless misery and mischief. Poor women,
for example, must work, hard, or else their children and
themselves will come to utter degradation. But
though society abstains from committing itself to the
doctrine of the enforced idleness of women, it takes re-
fuge in a species of half measure, and restricts, as far as
it can, by its legislative enactments or its own social
code, the labors which women are to perform to the
narrowest possible compass. A woman may work, but
she must do nothing which is called unfeminine. She
may get up linen, ply her needle, keep weaving-machines
in motion, knit, sew, and in higher spheres in life teach
music, French and English grammar. She may be a gov-
erness, or a seamstress,or even within certain limits may
enter the literary market and write hooks. This is the ex-
tremeboundary of her liberty, and somewhere about this
point society begins to draw a rigid line. It earnestly dis-
courages her from commercial occupations, except un-
der the patronage of a husband who is to benefit by her
exertions; she is not to be a counting-house clerk, or a
.doctor, ora lawyer, or a parson. The great active avo-
cations, all those that lead either to fame or fortune, are
monopolized by men. Strong-minded women occasion-
ally bore the public by complaining of and protesting
against such restrictions; but on the whole the public
is satisfied that it is convenient they should be up-
held. If we look at the matter from the point of view of
the educated, or even the well-to-do olasses, such a con-
clusion seems so reasonable that most of us can hardly
induce ourselves to doubt its correctness. Women do a
certain tangible amount of good to the world by being
kept as a luxury and exotic. The most energetic and
rebellious of them may feel angry to be told so, but it is
the truth that it suits men in general to keep up a kind
of hot-house bloom upon the characters of women. The
society of soft, affectionate, unselfish creatures is deci-
dedly good for man. It elevates his nature, it gives him
a belief in what is pure and genuine, it alleviates the
dust and turmoil of a busy career, and it enables himfor
so many hours of tho day to refresh himself with the
company of a being who is in some things a mediaeval
saint, and in some a child. Whenever one contemplates
the effect of more coarse experience of the world, more
knowledge, and more rough and hard work on such a
nature, one is invariably tempted to acquiesce in the
view that it is good for man to have her in the state she
is. One feels disposed to object to notions of female
emancipation as profane. Education and science, thought
and philosophy, like the winds of heaven, should never
visit her cheek too roughly. The great thing is, to pre-
serve in her that sort of luxurious wordliness which re-
presents the religious and refined element in the house-
hold to which she belongs. And a hundred things may
be, and have often been said about the advantage of
making pure sentiment the foundation of all the rela-
tions that obtain between her and man. As Plato
thought, man elevates himself by elevating and sen-
timentalizing his affections. All poetry and most litera-
ture are given, up to this sentimentalizing or refining
process. Nor can it be denied that tho effect is to in-
crease very much the capacity of happiness in all people
who are horn to be happy or enjoy life. Wbat would
youth be without its imaginative emotions? We all
know, and are taught to believe, that it would be some-
thing much poorer than it is.
WITHOUT CONCEALMENT, WITHOUT
COMPROMISE.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Feb. 8, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
I am so much gratified thus far with the way
in which your paper has been conducted, that I
feel prompted to express it, though it may not
be any great matter to you, as I am but one of
the obscure ones ; yet each rain drop helps to
make the ocean, and each word of encourage-
ment may help to buoy up your spirits in your
mighty work. I have been a Womans Rights
advocate ever since I was old enough to reflect
o the subject; have argued in private circles,
and in lycenms in which I have participated,
that our grievances were about equal to those
of our revolutionary fathers ; that we were
taxed without being represented; and that with-
holding from us our just right to a vote and a
voice in making the laws by which we are gov-
erned, is giving the lie to the declaration that
all just governments derive their powers from
the consent of the governed. This is on a par
with the declaration that all men are created
free and equal, while we turn around and en-
slave the African.
I have been a school-teacher, and have been
obliged to submit, over and over again, to less
pay for equal work, the injustice of which I
tried to show up in its true light, and have been
met repeatedly with the flimsy excuse that,
ftU cost men more than women to dolke them-
selves.1' I am out of patience with, as well as
surprised at, the editors of the Anti-Slavery
Standard, in the shameful course they have
taken with you and with the subject of Wo-
mans Rights. They might as well throw aside
their boasted motto, Without Concealment,
Without Compromise, since it has become a
dead letter. I have been a subscriber to it for
a great many years, blit think this year Will be
the last. And W. L. Garrison, too, it appears
to me, has backed down from his former exalted
position, I think he used to say, with other
Abolitionists, Do justice though the heavens
fall; do right, and trust the consequences with
God 1 And Abolitionists of his school used to
say that their platform was broad enough to
take on any and all who were willing to raise
their voices in behalf of the slave, or give of
their means to support tho3e who did; but he
appears, in his sarcastic rebuke in regard to
your welcoming G. F. Train on to your (our)
platform, not to see that the same idea would
apply equally to any other reform.
I agree with you in the idea of showing love
to man as well as God ; and always feel that I
am serving Him in the most acceptable manner
when I am doing all in my power for the bene-
fit of my fellows, in relieving the necessities of
the poor, comforting the afflicted and those who
mourn, and in using my best endeavors to con-
vince them of errors of habit and opinion.
I think I can get some subscribers for The
Revolution ; will try at least, if life be spared
till the severity of the weather is over.
Yours for right,
Catharine S. Goff.
ALL THE RIGHTS 1HEY WANT
In my endeavors to awaken women to the im-
portance to them of the ballot, .1 sometimes find
those who think they already enjoy all the
rights they want. Now, contentment is well
in its place, but it seems to me that for women
to bo contented to be the meresutyjects of men, is
anything but a virtue.
Few wives will admit that they are willing to
be governed absolutely by their husband#; yet,
as the voting class actually govern the non-
voting classes, of course the masses of women
are governed by the masses of men. All the
rights they enjoy are theirs merely by the suf-
ferance of their governors.
Not only are the wives governed through po-
litical arrangements by their husbands, but the.
men who have no wives, sisters, nor mothers
whom they love and respect, help govern not
only tiie unmarried women, but the wives of the
noblest and best in the land ; and tbe most
pnre and gifted women are governed, in part,
by tiie most stupid, besotted and debased men.
Strange that women of any self-respect and
common sense will tamely Mid even acqui-
escingly submit to hold whatever rights they
now enjoy by sufferance of the* ruling class,
when they should themselves be of that class!
C. A. B.
Petorboro, N. Y.
CALL FROM CANADA.
Montreal, Feb. 8-
Editors of the Revolution:
I have long been an interested observer of
the efibrts a noble band of women and men are
making in the United States for the elevation
of woman to her proper position, where she can
exercise all those rights which undeniably be-
long to her.
The advent of The Revolution is hailed
with pleasure by the many women in Canada
and America who sympathize and accord with
the principles therein promulgated. I am sorry
to say that the principles which you and your
noble companions so boldly and so persistently
express and advocate do not find as much coun-
tenance in Canada, even among women, as could
be desired. We are more conservative in this
country; we have not thrown off the old fogy
customs and ideas of the English and other
European people who settled the country.
We have just entered into a confederation of
the British American colonies, and now would



119
land, for which, however, allowance might be
made, in view of the element that surrounded
them. Modesty was womans beautiful char-
acteristic, but let her not confound it with ser-
vility. He alluded to the recent victories of
conservatism, and admitted that defeat was de-
served by the party which dared not do justice.
He was earnest in the cause of equal rights, be-
cause it was the road to permanent peace. For
several years past he had refused to avail him-
self of the right of suffrage, from the fact that
it was vouchsafed him solely in consequence of
being a man with a white slcin.
At the close of his remarks, the members
testified their appreciation by a resolution of
thanks. The following was also submitted and
adopted:
Whereas, We are, as women and colored people, de-
prived of an equal opportunity with our favored white
brothers in this race of life; and wbereas, we were
equal in the eye of the Lord at the creation, and it has
been declared by the highest authority that God-is no
respecter of persons, and by the Constitution of this
country that allmen are created equal, we claim all
that God and the Declaration of our fathers give us, and
demand a living testimony equal to the life and the gov-
ernment bequeathed to us, to the exclusion of that system
of oppression which will, if carried out, result in death
to the spirit of our life and to this Republic; therefore,
Resolved, That we,heartily, endorse the sentiments of
E. Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Frederick Douglass^
and others of their fraternity, and wish them God-speed in
their effort to secure the rights of citizenship to all loyal
people without regard to color or sex.
Resolved, That, notwithstanding the temporary defeat
of our cause in Kansas, we feel encouraged to persevere,
believing it possible to overcome erroneous prejudices
which owe their existence to ignorance alone.
Resolved, That we will, to the best^of our ability, co-
operate with our friends, wherever found, in the work of
establishing our government on the basis of universal
justice.
Our colored friends, who have control of the
Douglass Institute, have testified their good
will toward the movement in giving the society
the use of an apartment in the building, free of
charge, during the first two meetings, and sub-
sequently at a merely nominal rent. This is
the one-instance in which we have met with en-
couragement in our own community. We have
sought it in high places, among those even whom
we believed friends, and found it not. It. ap-
pears to be the nature of fine linen to dread the
mud splashes of the pioneers s-jpade and' pick-
axe, and for silk and broadcloth to shrink from
contact withlhe briers of an uncleared thicket;
hence our sole resource is to appeal to those
only who are dressed for the service. We are
conscious that we have entered upon no easy
task ; hut, ashamed of having so long left our
Northern' sisters to toil and endure alone in a
cause which is not one of section, but of hu-
manity, we come forward at last to assume our
share of the hardship, trusting that what we
have lost in our tardiness may be made up in
earnestness and activity. %*
KANSAS.
Credentials for votingBrains, not breeches.
The good time comiDgWhen every person
of good sense and good conduct who shares in
the public burdens shall share also in the pub-
lic councils.
. The daily fool of politics and the dram shops
Had woman a voice she would say to both
dry up.
The advocates of restricted suffrage.
Let us drop to their memory a tear or two,
perhaps three.
The law-makers and soldiers of KansasMay
the first be as brave in declaring the right as
the latter have been in defending it.
The 10,000 voters of Kansas for female suf-
frageLike the 10,000 who fought at Marat-
tan, their position is impregnable, being forti-
fied by justice on every side, and their triumph
is sure.
ManBefore the law the equal of woman.
WomanBefore the law the equal of man.
Man and WomanEquals before the law.
The toasts were responded to in brief speech-
es by Messrs. Scott, Green, Rogers, Reynolds,
Morgan, Snoddy and others. Hon. W. H. H.
Lawrence was strongly suspected of a finger in
the toasts for the occasion.
The Legislature of Kansas dignified / itself a
few days since by inviting the Rev. I. S. Kal-
loch to preach to them a discourse on the life
and character of President Lincoln. The Wyan-
dotte Gazette celebrates the affair in this wise :
Responding to an invitation by the Legislature, which
invitation was a disgrace to the body it emanated from,
I. S. Kalloch delivered an address in Germania Hall ,
Topeka, on Wednesday evening, the 12th inst, on the
life and character of Abraham Lincoln.
It is time the men of Kansas, who may happen to be
members of the Legislature, or who occupy other posi-
tions of trust, should respect themselves and honor the
State more than to seek out the vilest, filthiest, and most
depraved specimens of humanity, to deliver public ad-
dresses, simply because, besides having black hearts,
they are gifted with oily tongues. We have had too
much of this style of business in days gone by, and it is
high time to commence a reform.
BISHOP COX ON AMERICAN WOMEN.
Let the women of the country read, mark
and inwardly digest the gospel of Bishop Cox
thus delivered in his late pastoral letter :
When I see that thousands of American women read
the most shameful romances and the most degraded
newspapers, frequent the most vile dramatic entertain-
ments, and join in dances too shocking to be named
among Christians, I feel that Christian matrons are be-
coming too few, and that civilized heathenism is return-
ing to the fields we have wrested from the Indians
When I read, daily, ol the most ungodly divorces and
crimes against social purity and against human life it-
self, which are too gross to be mentioned more particu-
larly, I feel that too many of our countrywomen are
without God in the world, and that radical reforms are
necessary in the systems of educa'ion on which the
young women of America are dependent for their train
ing. __________________
be the best opportunity for tbe women of the
country to demand their rightful share in the
exercise of the franchise and the other privi-
leges Hitherto denied them. Unfortunately,
we have no bold and determined advocate,
although there are many thousands of women
Who would do their utmost to obtain their rights.
I think it would give a great impetus to the
cause, if some of the eloquent band of speakers
who hkve so ably advocated Womans Rights in
your country would come over to Canada and
break the ice of prejudice. They might not
have a warm reception at first, but the greater
the difficulty the greater the glory, and I am
sure there are many thousands of hearts which
would sympathize with their sentiments. Moved
by their eloquence, some of our own country-
women might feel inspired to go forth and pub-
licly advocate their principles, which are dear to
the hearts of all true women.
I trust we may see at least one of the devoted
advocates of our rights speaking in our public
lialls. C. D. B.
FROM MRS. JANE ELIZABETH JONES.
Oneida Castle, N. Y., January 17, 1868.
Dear Susan : I have learned, mostly from a
hostile press, that you have started a paper, and
that Mrs. Stanton and Mr. Pillsbury edit it.
Of course I shall desire to know what they have
to say, be it what it may, and I therefore enclose
the prico of your subscription $2.
Yours truly,
J. Elizabeth Jones.
PROGRESS IN MARYLAND.
Notwithstanding the present ascendancy of
conservatism in Maryland, the progressive ele-
ment is not wholly annihilated ; in proof of
which, we send information of the working of
this leaven, as developed in an association lately
organized in the city of Baltimore, under the
name of the Maryland Equal Rights Society.
For nearly a year past it has been in contem-
plation to form a society based upon the princi-
ple of equal chance to all human kind, irre-
spective of sex or color, through the medium-
ship of the elective franchise. The first public
meeting of the friends of the movement was
held on the afternoon of November 12, at the
.Douglass Institute, at which twelve persons,
white and colored, were present. Some steps
were taken towards organization, in the framing,
and adopting of a constitution based upon the
principle aforementioned'; but farther business
was deferred in hope of securing a larger at-
tendance at a subsequent meeting. Two weeks
later a second meeting was called, when the
constitution was re-read, and endorsed by four-
teen signatures of persons, ten of whom were
white and four colored. Officers were chosen,
consisting, according to the provisions of the
constitution, of a president, a vice.-president, a
secretary and a treasurer, together with eight
iother members to act as an executive committee.
The last meeting, held January 29th, was at-
tended by Alfred H. Love and Rachel Love, of
Philadelphia. To Mr. Love the society is in-
debted for many valuable suggestions as to the
best means of becoming an effective co-worker
in the cause of human progress. In an ani-
mated address, he encouraged the members to
persevere in an effort which, arising as it- did
from the midst of conservatism, was an omen of
the ultimate triumph of the cause. He re-
gretted the timorousness of women in Mary-
ENTERTAINMENT TO THE LEGISLATURE BY THE WO-
MANS SUFFRAGE LEAGUE.
The Borden Sentinel gives an account of an
entertainment supper given to the State Legis-
lature of Kansas, at Tefts Hall, in Topeka, on
Friday evening of last week. The supper, if is
said, was one of the best ever served in the state,
and the honorable members seemed to enjoy it
hugely. A couple of hours were spent in social
conversation with the fair ones of the capital
city, and after justice had been done to the
sumptuous repast, the following toasts were
read by the chair :
The old serpents tail still writhes and wrig-
gles through the North. Mrs. Harriet Beecher
Stowes new book seems likely to be a victim.
Among the steel portraits in it is one of the
colored orator, Fred. Douglass. A few days
ago the agents began to come back with the as-
sertion (made to the purchasers) that that
portrait of Fred. Douglass spoils the sale of the
book. The publishers consulted Mrs. Stowe
and requested that the offensive portrait be
taken out. Mrs. Stowe, it is said, firmly re-
fused to permit the ornament to be removed
and it stays there.


120
, ,-i
Cl)f Bciifllntioti.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER FILLSBURY, f AMUtois.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 26, 1868.
I HE STRONG-MINDED WOMEN OF TIIE
BIBLE.
Although much has been said and written of
the women of the Bible, yet those who oppose
our movement, seem to ignore the fact, that
modern and ancient days, sacred and profane
history alike, furnish many examples of wo-
men, called to fill positions involving large re-
sponsibilities both civil and ecclesiastical. In
the fourth Chapter of Judges we have an acoount
of Deborah the Prophetess, the wife of Lapi-
doth, who ruled Israel for forty years, with
great wisdom, and led the armies of the Lord
to victory. She was judge and warrior, notbe-
cause there were no men capable at that period
of filling those offices, for she sent for Barak,
captain of. the host, and urged him to go for-
ward, but he was faint-hearted, had not the
faith and holy zeal needful for the conflict, and
so Deborah was compelled to lead the hosts her-
self. Just as God struggled with the children
of Israel forty years in the wilderness to plant
their feet on principle, that thus they might
secure a peace and rest in Canaan the happy
land, so has he struggled with this nation for a
century, that we might realize in this western
continent a genuine republic. But our cap-
tains and chief rulers, too, are faint-hearted,
they have no faith in principle, and fear to
strike the key note of reconstruction in uni-
versal suffrage. Hence the women of this na-
tion, like Deborah of old* have been called of
God to go forward, and declare to the people
that equal rights to all is the only basis of a
safe and stable government. After this re-
markable sketch of the wisdom and bravery of
Deborah, we find no word of rebuke for her,
for overstepping the .bounds of her sphere in
judging Israel or leading the armies of the liv-
ing God to victory.
In the twenty-second chapter of II Kings, we
have an account of Huldah the Prophetess. In
the reign of Josiah the King, the Book of the
Law being found in the Holy Temple, the
High Priest took it to Huldah for its interpreta-
tion. And when she told them that Gods
wrath was to be visited on them for their idola-
try, Josiah put an end to it in Judah. The ques-
tion naturally arises, why did Josiah and his
officers of state go to her when they might have
taken. counsel with Jeremiah the Prophet, or
other wise men of that day. And where did
they find Huldah when they went to take coun-
sel with her on grave questions of church and
state? "Was she in the privacy of home, a mere
satellite of the dinner pot and the cradle ? No.
They found her in the college of Jerusalem,
studying history, science, philosophy, politi-
cal economy, jurisprudence and government,
thoroughly posted on the theology and politics
of the day, and yet there is nothing said in that
connection about Huldah being out of her
sphere in discussing grave questions with wise
men, unless the fact that Shallum, her husband,
being keeper of the wardrobe, might argue an
invidious change of employment.
Int, fUralutiflw.
The dignity and self-reliance of Hagar alone
in the wilderness, is full of instruction. A wo-
man thrown on her own resources by the ex-
press order of Heaven. If God did not intend
woman for self-dependence, why does she so
constantly find herself in that position ? If He
meant she should depend on man, why is not
every woman supplied with a strong right arm
on which to lean until she is safe the other side
of Jordan?
Washington Irvings figure of the oak and
the vine, of which we hear so much, as repre-
senting the true relation of man and woman,
melts into thin air before the facts of life. The
tall, stately oak, with a vine twining round
the trunk, is indeed a beautiful sight, but when
the lightning strikes the oak, or the woodman
lays his axe at the root, down come oak, vine
and all, and here the simile fails, for we often
find the father of a family struck down, while
the mother is left to support herself, and often
a large family of children. Goethe says, she
is the true w<5man, who, when her husband dies,
can be the father of his children.
Who can read the sketch of Ruth and Naomi,
how nobly they stood in the hour of affliction,
without feeling the dignity and grandeur of a
self-reliaht, independent womanhood. The in-
spired writers make no criticism on Ruth for
getting out of her sphere in going into the
fields to work, and the men of our day might
learn a lesson of justice and generosity from
good Boaz, who when he saw Ruth gleaning in
the fields said to his servants, drop a handful
of barley here and there on purpose, that she
may have something to glean. But the Boazes
of our day when they find women gleaning in
the fields of knowledge, lock the college doors
and libraries against them. While they bid us
nurse the sick, they deny us the right to enter
the medical college, or walk the wards of the
hospital. While they punish us for the viola-
tion of law, drag us into their courts, to be
tried not by ou? peers, but by judges, jurors,
lawyers, all men, they dose their law schools
against us. Nero was thought the chief of
tyrants because he made laws and hung them
up so high that the people could not read them,
but all our codes and constitutions are sealed
instruments to the women of this nation, with
crimes for women that are not crimes for men,
while the erring girl of eighteen "may he tried
and hung for the crime of infantcide, he who
betrayed her trust may sit in the jury-box or on
the bench, with no true women to pity or pro-
tect.
How splendidly, too, Queen Vashti stands
forth in sacred history as a representative of a
strong-minded woman, refusing at the bidding
of a King to grace with her presence the de-
bauch of a drunken husband and a revelling
court. And this she did at the risk of favor,
position, and even life. When all women love
purity better than, pleasure, principle better
than life, therell be no drunken kings or revel-
ling courts. Tennyson says of her:
OI Vashti! noble Vashti! Summoned out,
She kept her state, and left the drunken king '
To brawl at Shushan underneath the palms.*
The wisdom of Esther the Queen, her suc-
cessor, is equally remarkable, and the promi-
nent part she took in all the questions that occu-
pied the Court of King Ahasuerus, shows that
she had an individual opinion on the politics of
her day, and in helping as she did to save Mor-
decai and his race from destruction, and re-
venging their enemies, she shows us that she
ruled as well as reigned by the side of her
King.
In chapter ten, I Bangs, we have an account
of Queen Sheba visiting Solomon for the ex-
press purpose of finding out whether he was as
wise as he was reputed to be. She must have
been a wise woman herself in order to sound
the depths of Solomon. We are told that they
had many long and exhaustive conversations.
And it is evident from the account that the
King thought her worthy his attention, for he
answered all her questions. On leaving, ske ex-
pressed to the king great admiration for his
knowledge of the practical affairs of life and
his wisdom in the arrangement, and internal
economy of all his private and public affairs.
In Exodus xv : 20, we are told of Miriam
the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, who, after
the passage of the children of Israel through
the Red Sea, took a timbrel in her hand and
all the women went out after her with timbrels
and dances, and Miriam answered them,
sing ye to the Lord,-for he hath triumphed
gloriously. Thus the women of that period
publicly rejoiced in the deliverence of a race from
Egyptian bondage. Was it not equally proper
for the Miriams of Kansas in the late elec-
tion to sing songs and make speeches to the as-
sembled voters at the polling booths in favor of
their own enfranchisement?
(2o be continued.)
e. c. s.
. EQUAL MIGHTS TO ALL l
Mbs. E. Cady Stanton reports in The Revolution
that there is a general in Washington, and a tall and
stately man at that, who is willing to extend suffrage
to woman on property qualifications. This, adds Mrs.
S., is the opinion of many of our best men. We sup-
pose that she is mistaken at least in a part of her state-
. ment. The men who can properly be called the best
have all long since abandoned the idea of property a9 a
fitting qualification for the elective franchise. In fact,
the idea is as obsolete as that of a hereditary aristocracy,
and we fear that those who assure Mrs. S. that they are
in favor of giving votes to those women who have a cer-
tain amount of money, do not tell the truth. It looks
very much like a polite way of getting ridol the subject;
and were we an apostle of this new doctrine, we should
prefer to such civility the honestbluntness of (hose who
declare outright that women ought never, under any
circumstances, to be allowed to vote at all.
We should not call such a* declaration hon-
est blnntness, but narrow bigotry. When a
man says he is willing that women should vote
with an educational or property qualification,
his position is not so invidious towards our sex
as is that of the man who says woman should
not be allowed to vote at all. It is just the
difference between a surmountable and insur-
mountable qualification.
White men in this state voted on a property
qualification until 21, and black men do to-day,
so the idea is not obsolete even in New York.
We recommend the Sun to read the sec-
ond article of the Constitution, the proceedings
of the Constitutional Convention, still sitting
(or sleeping), and the returns of our last elec-
tion, showing a majority of 50,000 against abol-
ishing the property qualification. Many of our
best men, who are favorable to the extending of
suffrage to women, express the fear that the ig-
norant and vicious women wottldmsh to (he polls
while the educated and refined would stay away.
To meet that objection we say, then begin the
experiment by extending suffrage to those hold-
ing real-estate.
It is a.little surprising, however, that while all
classes of men are permitted to make laws and
levy taxes for women of refinement, wealth and
education, there should be so much fear of the
lower classes of women.
For our part, we prefer Bridget and Dinah at


gUvaJutian.
*
121
the ballot-box to Patrick and Sambo, though,
with the Sun, we believe in equal rights to all,
irrespective of sex or colbr, and if our best
men are ready for that, we shall be too happy
to confess ourselves mistaken in ranking them
with the Washington general. e. c. s.
TEE TRIBUTE AND TEE TIMES.
We hastened from Washingtonto Johnstown,
forty miles northwest of Albany, to celebrate
our mothers eighty-third birthday, where we
met a charming group of loving faces, old and
young, grave and gay ; wit, beauty, grace ; the
wisdom of Columbia, Union, Harvard, Yale and
German Universities assembled there, all vie-
ing with each other to make the festivities of
the most brilliant character ; as our high-spirited
mother never could endure anything tame or
common-place. Games,' music, dancing and
dinners, with recitals of early reminiscences,
were all well mixed with substantial suffrage-
talk, with a good natured serving up of the
poor white male, his sphere, his ignor-
ance of the art of government, he having tried
despotisms, monarchies and republics, and
failed alike in all. Looking through our old
familiar haunts, we missed two household gods
at whose shrine we had worshipped at the rising
and the setting sun for twenty years. The
Tribune and the Albany Evening Journal were
gone to return no more! We shed o>te tear
over their vacant places ; Mid* seeing our vener-
able mother reading the New York Times, we
inquired into the cause of this change. Oh !
said she, laughing, while you .are fighting wo-
mans battle bravely in the outer world, my
house is empty, swept and^amished of all these
dumb editors that will not say a word about the
women of The Revolution. All'accounts
of these public dinners that I have read for the
last sixty years have made my blood boil. Just
see how the revolutionary fathers are always
toasted and toasted, and nothing ever said
about the revolutionary mothers.
But why, we asked, did you select the
Times ?u
Well, said she, for two reasons. I
thought a paper called the Times would be up
with the times ; and as the question of this gen-
eration is Womans Rights, I thought it would
necessarily write about that. And then I heard
that Mr. Raymond did not like Mr. Greeley,
and as I do not like him I thought we should
have one point of sympathy. And I find I hit
the nail on the head in taking the Times, for it
often gives us tit bits of animosity on H. G.,
and there is something about woman nearly
every day, while from the Tribune you would
not suppose there were any wrongs in this coun-
try but those inflicted on black men. Here is a
capital editorial in the Times to-day, said she,
headed What will she do about it, which I
wish you would read aloud. So the assembled
company were called to order, and holding up
our head as we were wont to do in our school
days, in a loud, clear voice, we read the article
in which Mr. Raymond announces that he ac-
cepts the situation ; that he may- no longer
be classed with those silly philosophers, who,
from Father Gregory down to J. G. Holland,
the American Tupper, have been trying to
bound womans sphere. He says, speaking of
our demand:
We do not propose at this moment to make any criti-
cism on the thing itself. We do not intend to find any
fault with it; nor do we mean to indulge in any of those
platitudes about womans sphere, which the olever
women of the day only laugh at.
Well, said our mother, as we finished read-
ing, I trust I shall live to hear all our editors
say just that; for if there are two nauseating
words in the English language they are Wo-
mans Sphere ; as if God had not given us sense
enough to find out our own sphere without
mans help or advice. One would think from
the snarl in which they have got everything they
have managed, they would begin to doubt
whether they had found their true sphere for
themselves.
A graduate from Yale called out, grandma,
why do you dislike Mr. Greeley ?
Ah! said she, the women of thisstate
have reason enough for that. After thousands
of petitions went into the Constitutional Con-
vention, demanding suffrage for women, Mr.
Greeley not only brought in that adverse re-
port, but wrote a letter to England, saying that
he did it because the American women did not
wish to vote. Now, if the women of this coun-
try are such fools, there was no use of telling
that fact to England.
What a reproach to the elevating power of
our republican institutions is such an admis-
sion as that? While in England some women
reijrn, and rule, and vote ; while their literati,
nobility, and some of their ablest statesmen,
are demanding suffrage for all women who own
households, how humiliating that a member of
the Constitutional Convention of New York
should admit that the women of this state are
so ignorant and apathetic, so behind the public
sentiment of the world, as to make no demand
tor an extension of their rights.
But, said she, he did not represent us
fairly; from this town alone we sent five hun-
dred names with mine at the head, and there is
no reason to suppose that the women in every
part of the state have not as much common
sense as we have.
The birthday festivities were kept up several
days, and as we decided to have speeches and
toasts at the dinners, the mornings were.passed
in the preparation of something to say (instead
of to wear). We counselled the gentlemen to
toast the ladies on their common sense, intel-
lectual vigor, executive ability, their equestrian
skill, etc., and not to mention physical grace or
beauty; wnile we counselled the ladies to do
just the opposite. The result was, a Revolution
in table talk.
Lest H. G. should rise up and say that there
was no feminine beauty there to toast, we will
just remark that the granddaughters of the
family are celebrated for their fine looks. Mrs.
B. and Mrg. C. of Philadelphia and Balti;
more, are said to be two of the most beautiful
women of the country.
Our readers may like to know something
about Johnstown. Our space will permit but
few words. It was. one of the earliest settle-
ments west of Albany, and was famous in the
Indian forays of the ante-revolutionary period,
'as well as in the war of Independence. It was
long the residence of Sir William Johnson,
Englands most famous Indian negotiator. In
a mansion on the banks of the Cayudatta creek,
he held his vice-regal court as the representa-
tive of George III., and there dispensed his
favors among the Aboriginal Chiefs from the
lower Hudson far northward to the St. Law-
rence, and westward to the wilds where roamed
the Oneidas, the Onandagas, the Senecas and
the Tuscaroras. The old court house wherein
be dispensed justice according to the common
law, still rears its antique front in the busiest
street of the town. Ata later period its bench
was graced by Kent, Tompkins and Spenoer,
and its walls often echoed the eloquence of
Thomas Addis Emmet and Elisha Williams, and
the luminous logic of Abraham Van Vechten,
and the sound decisions of our revered father,
Daniel Cady. In this town dwelt our grand-
father, Gen. James Livingston, whose name as
a soldier-chief is honorably identified with the t
revolutionary struggle, and here, bis daughter,
our goodmother, was born just at the close of
that stormy period.
Johnstown has a splendid lookout from its
hill-tops, which, on the south.give you charm-
ing views of the- Mohawk for miles away, and
on the north, of the famous John Brown
Tract, while on either hand you catch glimpses
of six flourishing counties. Alas! the romance
of this beautiful and historic, locality has fled,
and our native village has become a busy town,
whose intelligent and bustling citizens, male
and female, are chiefly engaged in the profitable,
though somewhat prosaic employments of
manufacturing steel files and buckskin gloves.
e. o. s.
IMP EA CEMEN T.
As we write, we assume that Andrew John-
son will be impeached by the House of Repre-
sentatives. We presume that this step has
been deliberately taken, and therefore that his
conviction and removal from office are sure to
follow. Perhaps it is well that the crisis has
come, for we have long seen that it is utterly
impossible for the President and Congress to
work together, and these constant quarrels keep
the country, in such a turmoil, that one or the
other must needs be put out of the way, and as
the President cannot remove Congress, but
Congress can the President, his deposition from
office seems the only road out of the difficulty.
So let him slide. We are sorry to ee6 a paying
subscriber of The Revolution come to
grief, but we will try to make our columns as
consoling as possible to him in his retirement.
(Will Mr. Johnson please inform us, if not to
the White House, where we shall direct The
Revolution/ hereafter.) #
And now, as the presiding officer of the Sen-
ate will assume the responsibilities of that high
position, we hope he will remember the sug-
gestions in our Washington letter of last week.
e. c. s.
WOMAN UNDER DESPOTISM AND DE-
MOCRACY.
The London Aihenceum for Jan. 25 says :
The famous establishment of the Sorbpnne, in
Paris, founded by Robert de Sorbonne, in the
twelfth century, for poor students, is now
being further utilized. Courses of instruction
for women have been organized, and are, ac-
cording to the Paris papers, a great success.
Nearly three hundred ladies attend the lectures,
among whom are many members of high
families, including two nieces of the Empress.
Besides girls who go to complete their educa-
tion, are many who are being educated for
governesses. Much opposition, it is stated,
was raised in many quarters to the admission
of the fair sex in this time-honored, scholastic
institution, but .it has been successfully over-
come. The lectmes at the. Sorbonne are, as is
well known, illustrated, when necessary, by
physical apparatus of a costly nature and very
magnificent description.


122
The same paper also says : A young Russian
lady, aged twenty* four, has just been invested
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine by the
University of Zurich. The speech made on the
occasion by Prof. Edmund Rose, son of the
celebrated mineralogist, should be translated by
the advocates of Womans Rights. It would show
that it is not America alone which is admitting
women to the ranks of the medical profession.
Fifty years ago, according to this speech, a
woman took the degree of M.D. at Giessen.
Prof. Rose compares the slavery of sex to the
slavery of color, and hopes that the one will not
long survive the other.
On the other hand, the Hartford (Ct.) Courant
reports some antediluvians in Philadelph
cussing the question whether, after all, it is best
to educate girls in knowledge except that
directly connected with household economy. It
is asserted that in public schools in that city
they are actually taught the occult sciences,
geometry, mensuration, metaphysics, moral
philosophy, about pentagons and polygons, and
the time down the cycloidal arc, and heaven
knows what besides. And it is asked why they
dont learn instead (not in addition) how to
make bread and to sew and to manage a house.
We might stump the Philadelphia philoso-
phers, the Courant continues, by asking them
what is the use in anybodys learning anything.
It seems to be assumed, with the narrowest sort
of views of what human soul in a feminine body
is, that the only reason for educating a girl is to
make her a better mother, wife, sister, and per-
haps cousin. We might say that the office of
mother being the highest in the world, one can-
not be too highly educated for it. But we will
not press the point. We only note that schools
for girls being only a kind of domestic nursery
to turn out complete wives, etc., after the stand-
ard mentioned, we are not aware of any schools
where boys are sent to learn their duties as
husbands, fathers and brothers.
Infamous Proposition.The Calvinistic doc-
trine of Total depravity should not be abandoned
yet Here is a fresh argument in its support
It comes to the New York* Ttnbune thus :
Colonel Pb^ps, member of Congress from the third
district of Maryland, baa unfolded a plan for getting rid
of the negro. He will introduce into the House in a few
days a bill providing for the disbanding of all the colored
regiments now in the service, and for the reorganization
of the same on such terms as will secure their final
transportation to Liberia. The colonel proposes to stop
some of their pay until a fond is raised to meet the cost
of their banishment to Africa, and to give them a start
when they getto the other side. The colonel holds out
to them many attractive inducements to emigrate, among
which is the prospect of a war with the barbarian Mo*
hammedans of the interior, who, he says, are about to
make inroyls upon the infant colony. He is of the opin-
ion that, to quote his language, trained veterans from
our army would, in such a conflict, form a valuable rein-
forcement to the colonists. He considers thisplan quite
feasible, as,.instead of taking money out of the treasury,
it takes money out of the pockets of the, 'negroes only. He
has submitted the whole scheme to the President, who
warmly commends it, and thinks it a first-rate idea.
And this is republican reward for the almost
unexampled bravery of Millikens Bend, Olustee,
and Port Hudson! Perpetual banishment from
the country they have saved to a land of heathen
horrors, and that, too, at their own expense l Is
there no bolt in the sweet heavens red with
uncommon wrath for perfidy like that?
A Detroit woman has presented her husband
with four children at a birth.- He calls her con-
duct over-bearing. A very childish pun, that.

The Sphinx on Negro Suffrage.Gen. Grant
is so unspeechable that his opinions, where he
holds any, are to be. learned only by strategy.
A correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial
has recently had a long interview with the Presi-
dent, and has heard many things known before,
and some not known before. Here is one :
I called the Presidents attention to this subject (a
white mans government), and asked him if he remem-
bered .any such conversation with G-rant, and if so
whether he remembered Grants remark, that this is a
white mans government. He promptly replied that he
did. He couldnt repeat Grants words exactly, but the
substance of them was what I had stated, and they were
strongly against negro suffrage, which, about that time,
it was proposed to introduce into the District of Colum-
bia. Among other things Grant said, was that the ne-
groes didnt know enough to vote, and that they would
vote just as their employers wanted them to. He illus-
trated by saying that he had a number of nogro servants
in his house, and that to let them vote would be simply
to give him (Grant) so many additional votes, for they
would vote just as he told them. He was quite vehe-
ment at the time in his denudations of the Radical policy
of negro suffrage.
The above, I think, settles the question of veracity as
to Grant being a white man'a government man. It is
pretty well authenticated now.
A 8IGX.
A correspondent of the New York Tribune,
writing from Concord, New Hampshire, on the
progress of the campaign in that state, says :
A peculiarity of the meetings here is that the ladies
invariably attend in strong force, filling the galleries and
no small share of the hall beside. Something more
than ouriosity calls them out, for they listen attentively,
applaud warmly, and evince an interest in the elections
equal to that of men. In conversation they show them-
selves well informed on all matters of current interest,
state and national politics, and questions of financial
policy, that are so ably argued in the leading journals.
What their object may be I cannot say, but if they are
ever accorded Ihe franchise they evidently anticipate,
they will be iar better able -to use it with discretion than
many of the men who consider their claim to it founded
on the eternal principle of fixed and inalienable right.
How Impeachment was Killed. A story,
said to be well authenticated, is abroad in the
newspapers, like this : Senator Wilson and
Judge Bingham were at dinner, when the former
said to the latter: Bingham, I understand
that this impeachment business is all in your
hands, and I tell you it must be killed, or it
will defeat our friends in New Hampshire and
Connecticut, and probably destroy our pros-
pects for the next Presidential election. Mr.
Bingham looked at Wilson a moment, and then
replied: Wilson, I bold the balance of power
in that committee, and I tell you that to-morrow
I will kill this whole business in committee. It
shall never reach ihe House. It never did.
Fun.Inspired by the triumphs of the dazzling Boz,
half the actors, the writers, and the sporting men of the
town are turning readers. Vandenhoff, Murdoch,
and Eytinge lead the van, Sister Theresa Yelverton hav-
ing flown quietly away by night to the milder and more
appreciative atmosphere of the palmettos.' But the ad-
vanced guard i6 nothing to the army that threatens us
behind. Greeley is at once to commence a course of
readings, the Letters of Chesterfield being his appropriate
selection. The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher will follow,
on Monday, with choice excerpts from the White Fawn.
He will be assisted by Sohlke and Bonfanti. Mr. Barnum
will begin a series of matinees on the 15th, when he
will read selections from La Grande JDuchesse, supported
by the gorilla, who will appear as Gen. Bourn. Mr.
Theodore Tilton will soon give An Sour with Swinburne,
introducing Anactoria and Dolores; and the editress of
* The Revolution has set the town in a fever of eager
expectancy by promising that as soon as she can get
their distinguished author to revise his speeches for the
purpose, she will offer a course of Evenings with Train.
W. T. Corr. Hull Gazette.
Several of the girls wearing the bull-taunting colors
of The Revolution invaded our editorfal rooms
this morning. As they refused to give a reasonable ex-
planation of tbeir visit, and as we have done nothing to
damage the ladies of that concern, we insist upon hav-
ing this mystery unravelled. Wo cant stand that and
the Italian puzzle at one and the same time.iV. Y. Ex-
press, Feb. 15.
We hope the public will not hold us respon-
sible for the manners of these young heathen,
as our missionary work has just begun. We
suppose the girls, seeing the popular current
setting towards .the Express, fell in line, as it is
always easy and pleasant to go with the crowd.
' What A Grecian Woman Did.When in
ancient times Pyrrhus, the distinguished gene-
ral, gained entrance into Argos, a fierce strug-
gle ensued in the midst of which he was slain,
by a huge tile, cast upon him by an Argive wo-
man who was viewing the battle from her house-
top, just as he had raised his weapon to smite,
her son. The soldiers deprived of their gene-
ral soon fled, and thus this noble woman pre-
served not only her son but her native country.
Think you it would be a less noble deed if
the mothers of to-day, looking forth into our
cities filled with their countless dens of vioo,
should sweep them with the mighty ballot from
the face of the earth, and save their sons and
husbands from those awful whirlpools where so,
many go down? Would they be degraded?
No ; they would be remembered with as much,
veneration as their brave mothers of yore.
Modern Church Philanthropy.TherS is a
beautiful record extant of one who, not having
where to lay his head, still went about doing
good, mostly on foot, and this editor is afraid
often bare-footed at that, and whose goodness
was rewarded not with two hundred dollars
per night and all expenses paid, but with buf-
fetings, scourgings and an ignominious death
and early martyrdom. But John B. Gough,
one of his professed disciples, has promised
that so far as he lectures at all, for ihe next ten
years, he will speak under the auspices of the
Young Mens Christian Association of Chicago.
The arrangement commences next season, and
covers eighty nights in a year, at $200 an even-
ing, or $16,000 for the year, all expenses
paid.
Charitable.The New York Tribune says the
democrats have been political vagabonds in this
country ever since the attempt of the main
body of their party, and of every democratic
state, to destroy the Union. It does not speak
highly of a good many in the other party, for it
says leeches, and plunderers, and jobbers of all
kinds and of both parties have hung upon the
flanks of the government and eluded the vigil-
ance of the officials. The country generally
thinks just so, and wonders why, with an over-
whelming republican majority in Congress.
An interesting letter from Mrs. Stanton de-
scribing her visit to Messrs. Wade and Johnson
and others, has been mislaid, and another from
her about Washington matters arrived too late
for this week, but will appear in our next num-
ber.
Revolution Working its Way.The Min-
nesota House of Representatives have passed
a bill making eight hours a days work for fe-
males and children under eighteen years of
age.


fltVtfltttitftt* 123
LETTER FROM MR. TRAIN.
EXTRAORDINARY OYATION AT YOUGHALTWO LEC-
TURES #P THREE HOURS EACHGREAT EXCITE-
MENTSOLDIERS PRESENTPOLICE ON GUARD
WOMAN SUFFRAGE GAINING GROUNDTHE
REVOLUTION WIDELY COPIED ABROAD.
Youghal, Feb. 8, 1868.
Dear Revolution: John Francis Maguire,
Esq., M. P., sent me down No. 3 of The
Revolution. First word received from any one
at home. No letters, no papers, and no No. 2
yet. No. 3 is full of meat. E. 0. S. and P. P.
spicy as usual. Talk in Wall street great fea-
ture. That alone will make it the paper of the
bxokers. New style, new talk. Business gos-
sip always takes. Article on my good-bye
words on Scotia looks prophetic now ; yet it is
very accurate. Destiny points the way. The
three Ps, Patience, Perseverance and Pluck
Time, Faith, Energy and a Star. Send my pa-
pers to Imperial Hotel, Cork.
MY LECTURES HERE
great success. Great ovation. Twenty Cath-
olic clergymen gave me the escorthaving dined
with them, with Father Murphy as host. Twas
a grand affair. See three and four columns
in Cork papers. I send my private secre-
tary -twenty London papers containing lead-
ing articles. limes, 5th and 6th, both column
and a half leaders. Revolution articles cop-
ied in Dublin and London papers. Second lec-
ture equally successful. Enormous crush, bub
perfect order. Cork reporters protest against
thirty miles in jaunting oars after 10 1-2 p.m.
Irish enterprise.
Monday night I lecture again in Youghal.
Government dumbfounded. Min istry dead beat.
Authorities nonplussed. Being a bom law-
yer, especially in international law, I do my
work within its limits. People on this side con-
sider it pluck. But everybody has physical
couragemoral courage is my copyright. Re-
ceived the Revolutions. They cover wide
ground.
DINNER AT AEDMANAGH.
To-morrow a party of twelve gentlemen are
invited to-meet me at *John Francis Maguires,
M. P., beautiful place in the country. He goes
to take his seat in the House of Commons on
Tuesday, and on the 25th of February 1 think he
will make a great speech on Ireland. He is a very
able man. Will P. P. please get his book on
America and review? It is very far-seeing.
limes gave four columns. It is widely reviewed
in England. He has told the Saxon that war
with America is death to England and life to
Ireland. The ovations received from the wo-
men of Ireland are heartfelt. Yesterday the
ladies of Youghal presented' me with an elegant
kerchief for Mrs. Train. The day before, a
shamrock scarf with an address. Here are my
recent letters:
1. To government organ (Constitution).
2. John Milton Roebuck.
3. To London Morning /Standard.
4. To the President of the United States,
covering my £100,000 claim.
5. Sir Thomas Larcom, correspondence relat-
ing to the purchase of Ireland..
6. Confiscated letter to Times.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN YOUGHAL.
America must move quick or Europe will
lead off in Woman Suffrage. It took me six
years to wake up the Irish to their own strength,
and make them vote solid outside the democratic
party, for Irish nationality and American indus-
try. Six years of writing, six years of lecturing ;
and now, thank God! I see a chance to throw the
Irish vote solid against British manufac-
tures. Sam Wilkinsons Home Labor League
is the thingsee my resolutions prepared by
him, passed at my Fenian meetingslast page.
Six Weeksin the West, by Stephen J. Meany.
Now for the women. It will not take six years
more, added to the six thousand, to emancipate
them. See how they are working in England :
THE FRANCHISE FOR WOMEN*
A society for the promotion of this object has been re-
cently formed in Bristol. The following circular, drawn
up by Professor F. W. Newman, called together an influ-
ential meeting at the house of Mr. Commissioner Hill, on
which occasion the society was instituted. Professor
Newman lias undertaken the duties of Secretary :
Women's Suffrage.The conviction has for years
past spread wide and deep that any race or class which is
without political representation will never, in the long
run, escape great social injustices. The injustices en-
dflred by women as a class, need not be here recounted
and enlorced. Men and women of the highest name have
of late united to claim suffrage for the female sex (on the
same conditions as those on which men receive the fran-
chise), not as the remedy for the evil, but as a condition
without which justice will not be attained. It moreover
appears that the exclusion of women from the Parliamen-
tary vote is exceptional, and perhaps illegal in the case
of freeholders : it is certainly wonderful in a country
where the hea*d of the executive government is a woman.
On the face of the matter, it would seem that the recent
Reform Actif interpreted as the act known as Lord
Romilly bids us interpret Acts of Parliamentdistinctly
admits both sexes to the vote. Societies are formed
in several cities to bring the question to the test, as well
as to urge the matter on public opinion and on Parliament.
The fact that in Mr. Jacob Brights recent election at
Manchester a womans vote was actually received and
counted, is especially valuable. The societies in London
and Manchester are urgent that an attempt should be
made to form a kindred society for Bristol. It is judged
especially important to get womens names on the regis-
ter before the revising barrister comes to inspect it. His
refusal of a womans name may bring the question under
judicial examination.
Wisconsin must work hard this summer to
win in the fall. I shall be in time to stump the
state. Keep The Revolution moving 40
miles an hour.
George Francis Train.
TALK AMONG THE PEOPLE AT WASH-
ING ION.
The talk is that the leaven df The Revo-
, lution is beginning to leaven the whole lump
*of time-serving politicians ; that republicans
have angry denunciations for the bold
TRUTHFULNESS OF ^ THE REVOLUTION,
while thoughtful men of all parties are glad to
find one journal that.dares to speak the truth
and tell what people think. The talk is that the
GRANT-JOHNSON CONTROVERSY
developed only one man' in Washington, who
went for
THE SILENT PUFFER ;
that, in talking with the Generals sister, Mrs.
Dent, who was deprecating the stories told of
her brothers
, DRUNKENNESS AND PUBLIC EXPOSURE,
said: Well, Madame, I would not trouble
about that. It was probably true ; but, then,
it dont matter even if he does
STAGGER INTO THE WHITE HOUSE,
so that he only gets there. The talk is that
Henry Wilson said recently that he was really
afraid we should always have to apologize for
Grant, and yet this great practical states-
man
BLOWS FOR TH^ STAGGERING GENERAL
harder than ever. The talk is that Grant owns
to having been drank recently, but exouses
himself by saying
THAT SHERIDAN TEMPTED HIM J
that Grant in this matter acts just as he did
with Johnson in the Stanton affair. Nobody
doubts but what Johnson made a proposition to
him which meant resistance to law. Nobodv
doubts that Grant did not repel it with proper
scorn. The probability is that he was in doubt
what to do. The talk is that every republican is
REALLY DISGUSTED WITH GRANT,
bis shuffling, intemperate habits, know-nothing-
ism, and want of veracity ; but the interest of
the party seals their lips. The talk is that if
Congress does not
IMPEACH THE PRESIDENT NOW,
for this Stanton-Thomas affair, then it will be
the iaughing-stocii of everybody ; that if
IOWAs WILSON AND OHIOS BINGHAM
oppose impeachment now, they ought to be
read out of the republican ranks. Bingham
opposed impeachment, and so did Chase and
his friends, because they thought
IT MIGHT HELP BEN. WADE.
The talk is that
CHIEF-JUSTICE CHASE
and leading Senators think more of their own
personal interests than those of the country.
The talk is that McClellan for Minister to Eng-
land is the
presidents best joke
of the season; that Congress would be quite
safe in confirming him, because he would never
be able to make up his mind to go there. The
talk is that the gay Bohemian, Halpine, has
lobbied hard for Sunset Cox as Minister to Aus-
tria ; that Cox ought to go, for he is spending
his money freely; that Halpine, of course, gets
none ; but what does Private Miles OReilly
know about it? The talk is that
SEWARD AND THE ENGLISH MINISTER
have had a tiff; that Seward wanted to have a
little social diplomacy, which the noble Briton
declined, with characteristic English hauteur ;
that Seward, with equally characteristic coward-
ice, complained of his manner, but
ONLY AFTER THORNTON HAD GONE.
The talk is that
BANKSS BILL ON NATURALIZED
citizens is a humbug, and he knows it; and that
WASHBURNE IS QUITE READY
to propose a reduction in everybodys salary but
his own. The talk is that
JOHNSON AND CONGRESS
have got to do something now to bring affairs
to a crisis, as they have been long enough mak-
ing faces at.each other at different ends of the
Avenue. The talk is that
GEN. THOMAS, AS SECTETARY OF WAR,
is about as poor an appointment as McClellan
for Minister to England, and the democrats are
of this opinion.
Leap Year.Many do not know what good
authority the ladies have for making marriage
proposals in Leap year. But in an ancient
Saxon law, it is enacted : Albeit, as often as
leape yeare doth occure, the woman holdeth
prerogative over the menne in matter of court-
shipe, love, and matrimonee ; so that when the.
ladie proposeth, it shall not be lawful for menne
to say her nae, but shall receive her proposal
in all good courtesie.


124

r
LETTERS OF JOMN BUSKIN.
ADDRESSED TO A WORKING MAN.
We had occasion last week to allude incident-
atly to the recent work by Mr. JEtuskin in Twen-
ty-five Letters to a Working man on the Laws
of Labor. The New York publishers are Wiley
& Son, 535 Broadway. The book is full of
invaluable suggestions not only to the working
but to all classes. Mr. Buskinss views of mar-
riage are peculiar, partaking somewhat of the
Spartan philosophy. They will be considered
by many as the most objectionable feature of the
book, nor will they be soon adopted bad as the
present marriage system is and getting mani-
festly worse and worse. We give the author in
his own words :
Permission to marry should be the reward held in
sight of the youth during the entire latter part of the
course of ttelr education, and it should be granted as
the natiohal attestation that the first portion of
their lives has been rightfully fulfilled. It should not
be attainable without earnest and consistent effort,
though put within the reach of all who are willing to
make such effort; and the granting of it should he a
public testimony to the fact that the youth or maid to
whom it is given has lived, within their proper sphere*
a modest and virtuous life, and attained such skill
in their proper handicraft, and in parts of household
economy, *as might give well-founded expectations of
their being able honorably to maintain and teach their
children.
No girl should receive her permission to marry before
her seventeenth birthday, nor any youth before his
twenty-first; and it should be a point of somewhat dis-
tinguished honor with both sexes to gain their permis-
sion of marriage in the eighteenth and twenty-second
year, and a recognized disgrace not to have gained it at -
least before the close of their twenty-first and twenty-
fourth. I do not mean that they should in any wise has-
ten actual marriage, but only that they should hold it a
point of honor to have the right to marry. In every year
there should be two festivals, one on the first of May,
and one at the feast of harvest home in each district, at
which festivals their permissions to marry should be
given publicly to the maidens and youths who had won
them in, that half year; and they should be crowned,
the maids by the old French title of Rosieres, and the
youths, perhaps by some name rightly derived from one
supposed signification of theword bachelor, laurel
fruit, and so led in joyful procession, with music and
singing, through the city street or village lane, and the
day ended with feasting of the poor ; but not with feast-
ing theirs, except quietly, at their homes.
And every bachelor and rosiere should be entitled to
claim, if they needed it, according to their position in
life, a fixedincome from the state, for seven years from
the day of their marriage, for the setting up of their
homes; and however rich they might be by inheritance,
their income should not be permitted to exceed a given
sum, proportioned to their rank, for the seven years fol-
lowing that in which they had obtained their permission
to 'marry, but should accumulate in the trust of the
state, until that seventh year, in which they should be
put (on certain conditions) finally in possession of their
properly; and the men, thus necessarily not before their
twenty-eighth, nor usually lat§r than their thirty-first
year, become eligible to offices of state. So that the
rich and poor should not be sharply separated in the be-
ginning of the war of life; but the one supported
against the first stress of it long enough to enable them
by proper forethought and economy to secure their foot-
ing ; and the other trained somewhat in the use of mod-
erate means, before they were permitted to have the
command of abundant ones. And of the sources from
which these state incomes for the married poor should
be supplied, or of the treatment of those of our youth
whose conduct rendered it advisable to refuse them per-
mission to marry, I defer what I have to say till we come
to the general subject of taxation and criminal dis-
cipline, leaving the proposals made in this letter to
bear, for the present, whatever aspect of mere romance
and unreliable vision they probably may, and to most
readers, such as they assuredly will. Nor shall I make the
slightest effort to redeem them from these imputations;
for though there is nothing in all their purport which
would not he approved, as in the deepest sense prac-
ticalby the Spirit of Paradise
Which gives to all the self-same b<
Whose lives are wise and innocent,
and though I know that national justice in conduct
and peace in heart, could by no other laws he so swiftly
secured, I confess with much dispeace of heart, that
both justice aud happiness have at this day become, in
England, romantic impossibilities.
SCENES AT THE CAPITAL.
Almost too late, for this weeks Revolution,
the following extracts of private letters from
an excellent Washington correspondent are
crowded into its columns :
The lines are now straight, no middle ground.
The House will proceed to impeach, or be beat-*
en. The President has thrown a sop to the
Democrats, and at their Convention to-morrow
they will consider his nomination for President.-
If three such acts as those of to-dayremoval
of Stanton, McClellan British Minister and a
Brevet General, do not win the party support*
he surely will repoodiate his Mends, as
Nasby has done. This will tend to unsettle the
status of the Republican candidatesGrant and
Chase. We are not to have another President
of the United States as before and 1862. So
say the prophets, aud if Congress fails to
meet this issue, it will begin to be seen that our
reconstruction means more than the framers of
it intended, viz., that the people, and the whole
people, must sign the Bonds before there is
a national security. The rate of interest now
demanded, the want of credit, and heavy taxa-
tion, are a trinity of evils now threatening to
exhaust the strength of the nation. By and by
there will come a prostration that will humble
the oppressor. When bullets, ballots, and
greenbacks have, been tried, and have failed, as
fail they will, woman will turn nurse, and
with the milk of human kindness, and the in-
spiration of wisdom, perform her part in recon-
struction. So it seems to me, in all the signs
of the times. Mr. Conklin said the other day,
we are experimenting. This two years ex-
periment which proves a failure, costs more
than we can afford, and if persisted in, will
bankrupt the nation, starve the freedmen, and
madden the people, to think, work for, and gov-
ern themselves.
The difficulty lies here, from a cardinal de-
fect in the basis of our government, and we
will go on and exhaust the last dollar in the
Treasury in doubtful experiments and expedi-
ents before we will discover and yield to truth.
This is a logical result of slavery, which was a
logical result of that first defectwant of equal
rights for all, and class legislation, we shall have
to return to first principles, either willingly or
by force of anguish, equal to that we are now
causing others to feel. There is hope to-day in
prospective defeat. Hope that a moral sense may
be developed by the immorality, dissipations
and injustice of our friends. Senatorial parties
are doing their share in the revolution. In-
creased salaries afford an opportunity to open a
house in Washington to acoommodate the aris-
tocracy. These and the Provident Aid soup-
houses of the Capital, are modem improve-
ments, and ladies of lace and diamonds flaunt
their beauties, at a cost of a hundred and fifty
thousand dollars each, in the faces of starving
mothers who die, calling for bread, at the soup
house door.
Senator Yates signed the temperance pledge
last year and has been on a spree three
weeks, was put in the attic of the Metropolitan
to prevent the boarders from the fright of de-
lirium tremens but, as he could not be quiet-
ed, was turned out of the hotel, We should be-
ware of yearly pledges when we make presidents.
The first of his going out was last Monday
night, in the Sailors and Soldiers Union. He
made a speech, and the meeting gavg enthusi-
astic cheers for Tales and Grant! Wilson fol-
lowed, and returned to his vomiton Grant
for President. All this in the house ot our
friends. The other side are openly declaring
treason against the government and the starv-
ing out of the freedmen ; but that is an old les-
son that we have failed to learn years ago.
* * *
You know well all that has been done, but it
is a great thing to be at the scene of action and
see the contortions, and hear the treason now
apparent and spoken in the Democratic party.
Evidently they do not oppose impeachment for
love of Andrew Johnson, but for the purpose of
overthrowing the principles of Republicanism.
A member from Indiana (Phelps) asked last
evening if impeachment did not secure negro
suffrage in this country. Logan answered him,
The Democrats are, I believe, glad to get rid
of Andrew Johnson in this way, and hope to
make capital out of it A gentleman who dined
with the President Friday night, says he was
tipsy at ten oclock, and other rumors say
that he has acted under inspirations in this whole
matter. It is the opinion of men who are clear-
sighted, that he is now' the complete tool of the
rebel democrats.' Mr. Brooks said in his speech
yesterday, we, the democrats, will not stand
it. They have been keeping a constant drill
for this occasion for months in Baltimore, and
yesterday morning were openly preparing for a
call by the Commander-in-Chief to arms. But
this mil not happen for some days; it is humili-
ating to them- to see the united force of an idea,
which seems at last to be marshalling Congress.
In this I feel my heart overflow with joy and
hope.
Geerit Smith, writing to his daughter now
in the Metropolis, says: I have read all the
numbers of The Revolution to the 5th of
February, none have come since. I wish you
to subscribe for me and have it sent here. It
is a lively, interesting paper and I trust (spite
of Train) will prove a useful one.
Honor bright 1 dear kinsman, do you not read
Trains letters from abroad with some interest?
.Hundreds of our Irish subscriber* prefer Train
to the rest of us. Wall street bought six hun-
dred copies of The Revolution last week.
e. c. s..
Danger of Marriages With Blood Rela-
tions.Dr. S. G. Howe, Principal of the Insti-
tute for the Blind in Boston for many years
past, and widely known as a genuine philan-
thropist and friend of man, gives it as his
opinion that the tendency to have defective off-
spring'is greater where parents are defective
than with others. Bat here is a point that leads
people into error. It does not follow because a
person is defective in his hearing the defect will
take that form in his offspring; it may strike
somewhere else. The child may be defective in
physical strength or mental capacity. But there
is the defective germ, and it will manifest itself!
It may skip one generation and manifest itself
in the next. I knew of thirteen blind children,
says the doctor, in one county, the descendants
of a blind man who married his cousin. In the
first generation there were no blind children.
You would look round and see these children all
happy, and enjoying the blessings of sight, and
say, it is all moonshine, this idea about defec-


$1t gUMlntitftt. 125
tdvepeople marrying. In the secofid and third
generations came thirteen blind children (from
the intermarriage of a blind man with his cousin).
I think six of these have been in our institu-
tion.
The Revolution A Galvanic Battery.
The three first numbers of The Revolution
reached us last evening, * sat up till
twelve oclock discussing it.' My brother is de-
lighted with it, and will subscribe forthwith.
We will exert ourselves to get subscribers and cir-
culate the paper. Mr. N., who generally ridicules
Womans Rightsalthough when pinned down
to argument, in place of ridicule acknowledges
that in many things woman has the vantage
ground in this contestis nowhere, and is ab-
sorbed in the paper. The Revolution is a
regular galvanic^ battery, and I hope it may
shock thejoldfogy (feudal!) notions of mankind
into something like justice to woman.
Yours, A Young Gibl.
Southern Wisdom.A.t a Conservative Club
gathering in Griffin, Ga., recently, an orator
flashed into the audience this. He must have
been born in Ohio or Connecticut:
Fellow citizens : I tell you that the niggers are a bas-
tard race, descended from Ham and a female baboon.
They cannot live in this country, only on their own level.
I dont soft-solder them, sir; they cant be my equals.
They may vote once or twice more under the protection
of the military ; but after that, sir, they will not vote!
I say will not vote, sir t They cant.,come to the ballot-
box except they wade through blood!
Me. Burlingame gets a salary, it is said, of
$35,000 in gold a year from the Chinese govern-
ment, under his new appointment as Minister
to America, England and France. He has a
suite of thirty Chinese officials, who have already
started for this country. What will he do with
his thirty Chinese officials in Washington?
Death of Sir David Brewster.One of the
most eminent men of this century, died on Mon-
day night, February 10, in his 87th year. Sir
David Brewster was a native of Jedburgh, Scot-
land, and was born on the 11th of December,
1781.
Sound Advice.The woman who fails to re-
form a man of the habit of drinking while en-
gaged to him, will have a mighty task to do so
after marriage. Think of this, young women.
Better remain single than marry a man who
loves liquor or tobacco either.
Memphis, Tenn., it would seem, is a delight*
fill place to reside just now. One morning, not
long since, the papers of that city reported a
policeman shot ; a female stabbed; a negro
killed by another ; a negro shot whilst commit-
ing a burglary, and a number of smaller crimes.
Why Not ?In the good old times a Persian
girl who owned a little propertya hut or a
fishing boatwas thereby legally authorized to
pick out a husband herself. Only the worse
than Draco statutes of Mrs. Grundy prevent
the same wise practice here and now.
Inequalities.Two or three girls have died
recently from tight lacing; two or more from
excessive skating ; and every day we hear of
many dying of over work and starvation.
Revolution Working- Petitions, bearing
thousands of signatures, from the women of
Minnesota, asking for the right of suffrage, are
being presented to the Legislature of that state.
New Definitions.Thaddeus Stevens has
some new definitions. Some radical republicans
he calls cowards and fools, profanity
omitted.
The health of Miss Alice Cary has been quite
delicate this winter. Her friends say it is pleas-
ant to notice that no sickness steals into her
writings, which are rejnarkably healthy.
Me. Geeeley, as is usual at all great political
crises, is on the fence. He will not grant the
Tribune to Chase, or chase the Tribune to Grant.
Nine Thousand voters in Kansas demand the
franchise for their women. Friends in Kansas
work on! Success is near at hand!
Atlantic Monthly for March.As usual,
we are indebted for it to the publishers, T'ick-
nor & Fields, Boston. New York : 63 Bleecker
street. It does not need our recommendation,
or we would cheerfully give it.. Lovers of its
kind of literature could hardly be better pleased.
We should like a little more Revolution in its
tone. The public perhaps would not; but the
public may see differently yet.
Demorests Monthly for March is rich and
racy as usual, with enough of fashions, fashion-
plates, patterns, diagrams, and other parapher-
nalia, including poetry and music, to clothe, de-
corate and amuse the nation, all the Indian
tribes into the bargain. $3 a year. Office 473
Broadway.

Financial and Commercial.America vwsus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE,
Greenbacks for Money, An Amei'ican System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New Yorlo the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Rank of England, or AmeHcan Cash for
American RiUs. The Oi'edit Fonder and Credit
Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Inlei'esls,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Meedman*s Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. V-III.
Wall Sti'eet and Washington. Stoekjobbiug.
The means by which gold speculators influ-
ence the gold market is illustrated in a novel
case of misdemeanor which was brought by Mr.
0. Smith before Justice Dowling at the Tombs
on Saturday. It seems that one William B.
Shaw, at Washington, probably one of the nu-
merous noble celfcic family of OPsha! sent the
following dispatch to the eminent banking firm
of Henry Clews & Co., of this city :
Washington, Feb. 2, 1868.
Henry Clews & Co.Post will contain dis-
patch stating that Secretary has ordered sale of
$10,000,000 gold to raise money to meet requisi-
tions ; also that impeachment is regarded as
dead
Sent one oclock and twenty-seven minutes.
W. B. Shaw.
This dispatch notifying Henry Clews & Co.
of the axe which was to be ground in the Even-
ing Post was copied by William Roche, the tele-
graph operator, the name changed to Fisk, Bel-
deu&Co., and .its contents communicated to
John Sammond, a broker. It is scarcely neces-
sary to say that the W. B. Shaw or OPsha story,
that the Secretary of the Treasury had or-
dered the sale of $10,000,000 gold, was a stock-
jobbing invention probably manufactured in
Washington under instructions from New York ,
to be set afloat through the medium of the Even -
ing Post, in order to humbug the community for
the benefit of gold speculators. The affair has
been brought before the public by the arrest of
the telegraph operator, and it has been so far
of use in serving to enlighten the uninitiated as
to the great value of those terrible and exciting
Washington dispatches constantly appearing in
the press and which are used by gold and
'stock speculators to influence the markets
here. The Nomme de guert'e of W. B. Shaw
or OPsha! used by these chevaliers df Indus-
trie is not inappropriate, as the public can
plainly see from this little fish episode in the
life of a Roach (Roche) and a Salmon
(Sammond). It is a very fishy story. The
public have, however, some of the clues to this
stockjobbing machinery for manufacturing
Washington telegrams, thanks to the noble
OSmith who hooked the naughty roach
and speared the enterprising Salmon in the
Tombs.
Talk among tine Brokers in Wall Street.
The talk in Wall street has been about Drews great
banquet to the Hebrew trustees, and the gorgeous ac-
count in
THE REVOLUTION WHICH WAS UNIVERSALLY
ADMIRED |
that the injunction suits were served on Drew by Frank
Work, the Attorney General, and others, because they
were left out by Uncle Daniel of his list of Hebrew trus-
tees, and that Drew says he could not help it; that it was
impossible to make all the
GREAT MEN OF WALL STREET TRUSTEES,
but that he would not mind giving a grand masquerade
ball at Jerome's Theatre or the Academy of Music, when
he bad fixed every thing all
EIGHT WITH FRANK WORK AND THEM CRITTERS
that are bothering him with law suits. The talk is that
Uncle Daniel says that if he
GIVES A MASQUERADE BALL
them critters that write for The Revolution must
report it, as they seem to know some of the boys about
here pretty well," that all the boys want is the chips,
and that if he can show them
MORE CHIPS THAN ANYBODY ELSE
they will follow him ; that the Erie broad guage through
route to Chicago without change of cars over the Michi-
gan Southern road will give
ERIE ALL THE THROUGH WESTERN TRAFFIC,
and that Erie will have ft good many ups and downs foe


126
§)ev0luti0tt*
the smart boys to pick up the chips. The talk Is
that
WORK, DAVIS AND BARTON, HENRY CLEWS,
and other bulls, began selling all their Erie last week at
78% to 76; that the injunction suits against Drew helped
them to
THE GOLD MARKET
was active and excited on Saturday, selling aa high as
143% at Gallaghers evening exchange on account of the
complications with the President and Secretary of War.
On Saturday, although it was a holiday, about $20,000,000
changed hands.
UNLOAD HANDSOMELY ON THEIR FRIENDS
and the public ; that they sold all they had at high prices
and took a short line besides ; that they
MADE A SPLENDID TURN IN ERIE,
and mean to pull the ropes in the same way pretty soon
again. The talk is that
SMITH, GOULD, MARTIN & CO. HIT THE NAIL
on the head this time, and put the gay young bachelors
of room No. 9 on the broad guage with Uncle Daniel j
that they took the hint, left the
VANDERBILT CROWD OUT IN THE COLD,
and let the street have a nice little pile of Erie at 78 to 7C
when
FRANK WORK AND HENRY CLEWS FRIENDS
were all anxious to buy because Erie was going to 85/
and Drew was to be sent to thunder by the Attorney
General or somebody else. The talk is that
NEW YORK CENTRAL WILL BE JUMPED UPON
like Erie ; that some of the inside parties have sold a
pile of their stock at high prices, and have a short line
out besides; that it would suit their
BOOK TO HAVE IT GO DOWN.
The talk is that the bulls and bears were frightened by
the bank statement a fortnight ago; that some oi their
large loans were called in ;
that the money lenders told them that they had better
sell and get snug, for things with the
BANKS WERE NOT QUITE SO PLEASANT
as they looked ; that the bulls got rid of so much stock
the last fortnight that they would rather see the market
go down than up. 'The talk is that
PACIFIC MAIL IS KEPT UP
by some of the heavy holders to sell upon ; that the com-
pany is making no money ; that the side-wheel large
China steamships burn too much coal, and that
WEBBS OPPOSITION COMPANY
means to continue running. The talk is that those who
have bought gold on the
PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY OF WAR
difficulty will not make much; that the President started
the question in order to have it settled by the courts, and
that the whole affair will be arranged quietly by a legal
decision. The talk is that the railway speculators who
left the railway share market and went into
GOLD* MINING STOCKS
a month ago are congratulating themselves on their good
fortune ; that railways are mighty risky just now, and.
that gold mining stocks are on
HARD PAN AND SURE TO GO UP.
The talk is that all the leading gold mining stocks are
becoming acafce; that so many have been bought and
taken out oi the market during the last four months that
the shorts have barely enough to make their deliveries.
The talk is who is
SHAW AT WASHINGTON THAT POSTS CLEWS
about gold, and wbat Congress is doing and the Treasury
Department?
THE MONEY MARKET.
was more active at the close of the week, owing to the
calling in ot loans on stocks from the unsettled prices on
the stock exchange. The weekly bank statement shows
this movement in the decrease of loans $3,249,327, de-
posits $7,664,477 and legal tenders $2,602,832. Coll loans*
on stock collaterals are 5 to 6 per cent., on governments
4 to 5 per cent, and good business paper is discounted
at 6 to 7 per cent. The weekly bank statement shows
a considerable decline from tbe maximum of bank infla-
tion reached three weeks ago. The following is a state-
ment of the changes compared with last week:
Feb. 15.
Loans, $271,015,970.
Specie, 24,192,954.
Circulation, 34,043,296.
Deposits, 216,769,828.
Legal tenders, 63,471,762.
Feb. 21. Difference
$267,766,643. Dec. $3,249,327
22,513,981. Dec. 1,678,973
34,100,023. Inc. 56,727
. 209,096,351. Dec. 7,664,477
60,868,930. Dec. 2,602,832
The fluctnations in the gold market for the week were
as follows: Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday,15, 140% 141% 140% 141%
Monday, 17, 140% 141% 140% 141%
Tuesday, 18, 141% * 141% 140% 141
Wednesday, 19,. 140% 140% 140% 140%
Thursday, 20, 140% 140% 140 140%
Friday, 21, 140% 141% 140% 141%
Saturday, 22, 142% 143 142 143
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
has advanced and is firm, owing to an increased demand
and decreased supply. Bankers are not anxiovs to^ell
below the special shipping point. The exports of produce
for the week were only $3,680,417 in currency, equal to
about $2,500,000 in gold against imports of $5,735,480 in
gold. The quotations are prime bankers 60 days ster-
ling bills 110 and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on Paris
bankers 60 days 5.15 to 5.13% and sight 5.12% to 541%.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was deranged by the sudden and heavy decline in Erie
from 78% to 66% owing to a heavy pressure of sales by
the leading bulls who unloaded on the market New
York Central fell from 133% to 125%. The chief excite-
ment was in these two stocks, more especially in Erie, in
which the sales were enormous. The Erie road has
completed an arrangement with tbe Michigan Southern
which will lay a third broad guage roil from Toledo to
Chicago, making a continuous line over the Erie road
from Jersey City to Chicago. An association has been
formed to build a broad guage road from Akron to
Toledo, 96 miles, and the contract has been made to
build the road for $3,000,000. The contractor is to com-
plete it in one year. The Akron Company is to receive
20 per cent, of the gross earnings and the Erie 80 per
cent, the latter running the road and furnishing all the
rolling stock and equipments! The Erie, Michigan
Southern, and Atlantic and Great Western railroad com-
panies guarantee the Akron cempany that the 20 per
cent, gross receipts shall be equivalent to 7 per cent, on
$3,000,000,5the cost of building the new road. This gives
Erie a direct through route to Chicago without change of
cars, and a marked" advantage over the New York Cen-
tral and Pennsylvania Central in the through traffic ot
the West. This movement places Mr. Drew and Mr.
Keep in direct antagonism with the Vanderbilt plans for
making New York Central the leading trank line to the
West. The contest between these great railway kings,
Drew, Keep and Vanderbilt, is likely to lead to complica-
tions which will cause frequent and sudden fluctuations
in prices. Pacific mail passed its quarterly dividend
not having made any money owing to the low prices en-
forced by Webbs opposition line. The miscellaneous
shares are quiet. Canton is strong. Western Union is
largely oversold. The general market closed unsettled.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 58% to 59 ; Boston W. P., 17 to 20; Cumber-
land, 34 to 37 ; Quicksilver, 52 to 23; Mariposa, 6 to8;
preferred, 10% to 10%; Pacific Mail, 111 to 111%; Atlan-
tic Mail, 98% to 98%; W. U. Tel., 33% to 33%;
New York Central, 126% to 126% ; Erie, 67% to 67%;
preferred, 75% to 76; Hudson River, 140 to 142%; Read-
ing, 92% to 92%; Wabash, 44 to 47; Mil. and St. P., 50 to
50%; preferred, 65% to 65%; Ohio Ctfe. 29% to 29%;
Michi Central, 113 to 115; South. 89% to 90; IU. Central,
137 to 139; Pittsburg, 93 to 93; Toledo, 104% to; Book
Island, 95% to 96; North West, 58 to 68%; do.jpreferred,
71% to 71%; Ft. Wayne, 99% to 99%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were quiet but steady throughout the week and firmer at
the close in Ten-forties and Fve-twenties of 1862 and
1867.
$ Fisk and Hatch, 6 Nassau street, report the following
quotations: 9
Registered, 1881,111% to 111%; Coupon, 1881,111% to
111% ; 6-20 Registered, 1862, 107% to 108 ; 5-20 Coupon,
1862,111% to 111%; 5-20 Coupon, 1864,108% to 108%; 5-20
Coupon, 1866,109% to i09% ; 6-20 Coupon, Jan. and July,
1865, 107% to 107% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1867, 107% to 108;
10-40 Registered, 101% to 101% ; 10-40 Coupon, 105 to
106%; June, 7-30, 107% to 107 %; July, 7-30, 107% to
107%; May Compounds, 1864, 117%to 118; August
Compounds, 1864,116% to 117 ; September Compounds,
1864, 116 to 116% ; October Comounds, 1864 115% to
116%.
THE CUSTOMS DOTIES
for tbe week were $2,589,317 against $2,319,631,
$2,063,611 and $2,078,486 for tbe preceding weeks.
The imports of merchandise for the week are $5,735,486
against $4,037,820, $6,047,004, $3,947,624, and $2,614,436
for the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive, of
specie, are $3,686,417 against $2,678,180, $3,218,009, $3,-
269,323 and $3,678,601, for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie are §934,364 against $864,563, $1,644,057,
$169,100, and $1,069,300 for the preceding weeks.
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CONCERT ORGANS
The Public are respectfully invited to call and inspect
their large assortment of new and beautiful styles. Cata-
logues, etc., sent by mail,
CARHART & NEEDHAM,
Nos. 143, 145 and 147 East 23d street,* New York,


jUMtutifl#. 127
H
YDROPATHIC INSTITUTE.
Dr. R. yon Kuczkowski Dr. Jas. H. North,
Physicians.
54:0 MILES OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD,
T
EAS AND COFFEES
ESTABLISHED 1861.
The Hydropathic Institute, No. 44 Bond Street, in
fhis City, has been established under. the auspices of
Rome of our well-known and highly esteemed citizens,
who have subscribed funds for opening and currying it
on. Many of these gentlemen and their families have
derived much benefit from the use of the Water-Cure,
and feel that it is indispensable for the comfort and
health oi themselves and families to have an Institute in
this city, where the hydropathic treatment may be ad
ministered with all the proper conveniences of baths
and other appliances, under the direction of skillful and
experienced physicians. The Institute, 44 Bond Street
has been fitted up with every convenience necessary to
the full administration of the water-cure; a whole floor
separate mid distinct is allotted to ladies, with expe-
rienced female attendants. This Institute is placed un-
der the charge of Dr. von Koczkowski and Dr. Jas.
H. North.
Dr. Kuczkowski was a pupil of Pbiessnitz, and after-
' wards studied the science and practice of Hydropathy in
ihe Institute of Dr. Fbancke. Francke is regarded as
the highest authority bn the theory and practice of the
water-cure, and has done more than any other writer
towards establishing it on a scientific basis; his system
differs from that of Priessnitz vitally in the treatment of
delicate and nervous patients, for whom he prescribes
higher temperatures of water, and for all patients that
they shall be kept warm and comfortable in the hath
rooms, and at all times while under treatment. Dr.
Kuczkowski had his own Institute in Turkey, near Con-
stantinople, for seven years, and brought with him to
this country letters of recommendation from Minister
Bismarck and other distinguished persons. Dr. North
holds his Diploma from the Pennsylvania Medical Col-
lege of Philadelphia, as a physician of the Old School,
but from co.nviction and experience has adopted the
Hydropathic system a3 the natural and true cure for all
diseases. Dr. North was for many years physician in
the Institute at dlifton Springs and in other places.
The undersigned have much pleasure in recommen-
ding both these gentlemen, Drs. von Kuczkowski &
North, as physicians, possessing every requisite to com-
mand the confidence of our fellow citizens and their
families. Desirous of improving the health and adding
to the happiness of our fellow citizens, we recommend to
them the study of Franokes Book on A New Theory of
Disease applied to Hydropathy, published by Dr.
Kuczkowski, 44 Bond Stas a work which ought to be
in the hands of every person.
Egbert Guernsey, M. D No. 18 W. 23d St.
F. W. Worth, 47 Wall St.
J. S. Boswobth, 451 W. 22d St.
Peter B. Sweeny, 140 W. 34th St.
Charles B. Coe, 354 Broadway.
A. G. Norwood, 166 W. 14th St.
Charles Delhonico, 1 East 14th St.
A. B. Darling, 40 W. 23d St.
Wellington Clapp, 36 Broad St,
Louis S. Robbins; 68 Broadway.
Thomas F. Richards, 59 Reade St.
David M. Melliss, 87 Park Row.
0. A. Morse, Esq., Cherry Valley, N. Y.
Ogden Haggerty, 26 Bond St.
S. H. Howard, 124 East 15th St.
Charles Butler, 25 W. 37th St., and many others.
"^ASTERN HYGEIAN HOME.
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
R. T. TRALL, M.D., ) Phvsioians.
ELLEN BEARD HARMAN, M.D.,} Piiysicians*
This institution is beautifully situated on the Delaware
River, midway between Bordentown and Burlington.
All classes of invalids are treated on strictly Hygienic
principles. In ihe College Department patients and
gue9ts have the privilege of hearing most of the lectures
of Professors Trail and Harman to the medical class.
City office No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York. Send stamp
for circulars.
Office, 361 West 34th street, ) *
N. Y. Feb. 11, 1868. (
MRS. 0. S. LOZIER, M.D., dean of the
N? Y. Medical College and Hospital for Women
and Children, desires in this way to ask assistance from
any of our citizens, men or women, to purchase a desir-
able building and. grounds in the upper part of this city,
offered to the Board of Trustees for $31,000. They have
about $15,000 of the amount. Any one able to help them
to secure this property either by donation or loan, with-
out interest, will forward a noble cause. Apply or write
to MRS. C. F. WELLS, Secretary of the Board of Trus-
tees, No. 389 Broadway, firm of FOWLER & WELLS.
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA ACROSS THE CONTINENT
ARE NOW COMPLETED.
THE TRACE BEING LAID AND TRAINS RUNNING WITHIN
' TEN MTT.Bfl OF THE SUMMIT OE THE
ROCKY MOUNTAINS.
The remaining ten miles will be finished as soon as
the weather permits the road-bed to be sufficiently
packed to receive the rails. The work continues to be
pushed forward in the rock cuttings on the western.
slope with unabated energy, and a much larger force
will be employed during the current year than ever
before. The prospect that the whole
GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for tj construction of this Grea
National Work are ample. The United States grants its
Six Per Cent. Bonds at the rate of from $16,000 to $48,000
per mile, for which it takes a second lien as a security, and
receives payment to a large if not to the full extent of its
claim in services. These Bonds are issued as each twenty
mile section is finished, and after it has been examined by
United States Commissiouers and pronounced to be in all
respects a first-class road, thoroughly supplied with depots,
repair-shops, stations, and all the necessary rolling stock
and other equipments.
The United States also makes a donation of 12,800 acres
of land to the mile, which will be a source of large revenue
to the Company. Mach of this land in the Platte Valley
is among the most fertile in the world, and other large
portions are covered with heavy pine forests aud abound
in coal of the best quality.
The Company is also authorized to issue its own First
Mortgage Bonds to an amount equal to the issue of the
Government mid no more. Hou. E. D. Morgan and Hon.
Oakes Ames are Trustees for the Bondholders, and de-
liver the Bonds to the Company only as the work pro-
gresses, so that they always represent an actual and pro-
ductive value.
The authorized capital of the Compauy is $100,000,000,
of which over $5,000,000 have -been paid on the work al-
ready done.
EARNINGS OF THE COMPANY.
At present, the profits of the Company are derived only
from its local traffic, but this is? already much more than
sufficient to pay the interest on all the Bonds the Company
can issue, if not another mile were built.' It is not
doubted that when the road is completed the through
traffio of the only line connecting the Atlantic and Pacific
States will be large beyond precedent, and, as there will
be no competition, it can always be done at profitable
rates.
It will be noticed that the Union Pacific Railroad is, in
fact, a Government work, built under the supervision of
Government officers, and to a large extent with Govern-
ment money, and that its bonds are issued under Govern-
ment direction. It is believed that no similar security is
so carefully guarded, and certainly no other is based upon
a larger or more valuable property. As the Companys
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
are offered for the present at 90 CENTS ON THE DOL-
LAR, they are the cheapest security in the market, being
more than 15 per emit, lower than U. S. Stock. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
or over NINE PER CENT, upon the investment, and have
thirty years to run before maturity. Subscriptions willbe
received in New York at the Companys Office, No. 20
Nassau street, and by
Continental National Bank, No. 7 Nassau street,
Clare, Dodge & Co, Bankers, 51 Wall street,
John J. Cisco & Son, Bankers, No. 33 Wall street,
and by the Companys advertised Agents throughout the
United States. Remittances should be made in drafts
or other funds par in New York, and the bonds will be
sent free of charge by return express. Parties subscrib-
ing through local agents will look to them for their safe
delivery.
A NEW PAMPHLET AND MAP, showing the Progress
of the Work, Resources for Construction, and value of
Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Office or of its
advertised agents, or will be sent free on application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
New York.
November 23, 1867,
THE
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA
COMPANY
Are continually receiving direct from the Chinese and
Japanese factors, fresh importations of the choicest
flavored Teas. During the past few months th Company
have received two entire cargoes, one of which was THE
LARGEST CARGO EVER IMPORTED into this country,
and of the finest quality.
Parties getting their Teas from us may confidently
rely upon getting them pure and fresh, as they come
direct from the Custom House stores to our warehouses.
The Company continues to sell at the following prices:
OOLONG (Black), 60, 70, 80,90c., best $1 per lb.
MIXED (Green and Black,) 60, 70, 80, 90, best $1 per lb.
ENGLISH BREAKFAST, 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 20 per lb. *
IMHERIAL (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best $1 25
per lb.
YOUNG HYSON, (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best*
$1 25 per lb.
UNCOLORED JAPAN, $1, $110, best $1 25 per lb.
GUNPOWDER, $1 25, best $1 50 per lb.
COFFEES ROASTED AND GROUND DAILY.
GROUND COFFEE, 20c., 25c., 30c., 35c., best 40c. per
lb. Hotels, Saloons, Boarding House Keepers, and
Families who use large quantities of Coffee, can econo--
mise in-that article by using our FRENCH BREAKFAST
aud DINNER COFFEE, which we sell at the low price of
30c. per lb., and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.
Consumers save 5 to 8 profits of mid dle-men or about
ONE DOLLAR per pound, by purchasing their Teas of
the
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA COMPANY,
31 AND 33 VESEY STREET,
, Corner Church Street;
640 BROADWAY,
Corner of Bleecker Street;
461 EIGHTH AVENUE,
N. corner 34th Street;
299 SPRING STREET,
Bet. Hudson and Greenwich Streets;
205 FULTON STREET, BROOKLYN,
Corner Concord Street;
133 GRAND STREET,
WILLIAMSBURG-
s
TARB & MARCUS,
22 JOHN STREET.
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
of the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WA^RE
AT RETAIL.
Warranted superior to the FinestSheffield Plate.


128
M%t lUvoIutiotu
HE CREDIT FONCIER OF AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, PRESIDENT.
The following are among the first one hundred special
copartners of the Credit Foncier and owners of Colum-
bus :
Augustus Kountze, [First National Bank, Omaha.]
Samuel E. Sogers, Omaha.
E. Creighton, [President 1st National Bank, Omaha.]
Thomas 0. Durant, V. P.*U. P. R. R.
James H. Bowen, [Presf 3rd National Bank, Chicago.]
George M. Pullman.
George L. Dunlap, [Superintendent N. W. R, R,]
John A. Dix, [President U. P. R. R.]
William H. Guion, [Credit Mobilier.]
William H. Macy, [President Leather Manf. Bank.]
Charles A. Lambard, [Credit Mobilier] Director U. P. R. R.
Oakes Ames, M. C., [Credit Mobilier.]
John M. S. Williams, [Director Credit Mobilier.]
John J. Cisco, (Treasurer U. P. R. R.]
H. Clews.
William P. Fumiss.
Cyrus H. McCormick, [Director U. P. R. R.]
Hon. Simon Cameron.
John A. Griswold, M. C., [President Troy City National
Bank.]
Charles Tracy.
Thomas Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
F. Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
E. H. Baker, Baker & Morrill, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
W. T. Glidden, Glidden & Williams, Boston, [Credit Mo-
bilier.]
H. S. McComb, Wilmington, Del., [Credit Mobilier.]
James H. Orne, [Merchant,] Philadelphia.
George B. Upton, [Merchant,] Boston.
Charles Macalester, [Banker,] Philadelphia.
C. S. Bushnell, [Director U. P. R. R.] Credit Mobilier.
A. A. Low, [President Chamber Commerce.]
Leonard W. Jerome.
H. G. Stebbins.
C. C. & H. M. Taber.
David Jones, [Credit Mobilier. ]
Ben. Holladay, [Credit Mobilier.]
The cities along the line of
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
Investment.
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days. Two Ocean Ferry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
this way!
The Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists [two thousand miles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce the Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilier (its contractors), a national
reality; the Credit Foncier (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the Union
Pacific Railroad. Under .its present Napoleonic leader-
ship, in 1870 the road will be finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are already running west
of Omaha to the base of the mountains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omaha; where the
temporary bridge that has been constructed joins you
with the Pacific. Here is the time-table:
New York to Chicago (drawing-room car all
Hie way, without change).................38 hours.
Chicago £> Omaha, without change (Pull-
man's sleeping palaces)......................24 **
Omaha to Cheyenne, or summit of Rocky
Mountains, (Union Pacific'Railroad)......28
90 "
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Mountains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or the removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from your state-room.
The Credit Foncier of America owns the capitol addi-
tion to Columbus,probably the future capitol of Ne-
braska, What is the Credit Foncier ? Ask the first mil-
lionaire you meet, and the chances are he will tell you
that he was one of the one hundred original thousand
dollar subscribers. No other such special copartnership
ot wealthy men exists on this continent. (A list of these
distinguished names can be seen at the Companys
office.)
Where is Columbus? Ask the two hundred Union
Paoifio Railroad excursionists who encamped there on
the Credit Foncier grounds. Is it not the geographical "TT^
centre of this nation ? Ninety-six miles due west from J?
Omaha, the new Chicago; ninety-six miles from the
Kansas border on the south ; ninety-six miiaa from the
Dacotah line on the north, Columbus is situated on the
upper bottom, at the junction of the Platte and the Loup
Fork, and is surrounded by the finest agricultural lands.in
the world.
ISK AND HATCH,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN
GOVERNMENT SECURITIES,
NO. 5 NASSAU STREET,
BUY AND SELL AT MARKET RATES,
The Credit Foncier lands extend from the* railway
station across the railway, and enclose the Loup Fork
Bridge; the county road to the Pawnee settlement run-
ning directly through the domain. As the railway sys-
tem expands, Columbus will naturally be the railway
centre of the Sioux City, Nebraska City and Nemaha Val-
ley RailroadB.
ALL DESCRIPTIONS-
OF
UNITED STATES SECURITIES,
and give especial attention to the conversion
SEVEN-THIRTY NOTES
The Union Pacific Railroad Company were not slow to
see that Columbus was the natural point for an im-
portant station. The Credit Mobilier owns lands near
the city, and some leading generals and statesmen are
also property owners round about. Would you make
money easy ? Find, then, the site of a city and buy the
farm it is to be built on. How many regret the non-
purchase of that lot in New York; that block in Buffalo;
that farm in Chicago; that quarter section in Omaha,
Onoe these city properties could have been bought for a
song. Astor and Girard made their fortunes in this
way. The Credit Foncier, by owning the principal
towns along the Pacific line to California, enriches its
shareholders while distributing its profits by selling
alternate lots at a nominal price to the public.
The Credit Foncier owns 688 acres at Columbus, di-
vided into 80ft streets and 20ft. alleys.
These important reservations are made : Two ten-acre
parks ; one ten-acre square, for the university of Nebras-
ka j one five-acre triangle, for an agricultural college*;
one five-acre quadrangle, for a public school j one acre
eaoh donated to the several churches, Episcopal, Catho-
lic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, Congregational
and Baptist, and ten acres to the State for the new Capitol
buildings.
Deducting these national, educational and religious
donations, the Credit Foncier has over 3,000 lots (44x113)
remaining, 1,600 of which they offer for sale, reserving
the alternate lots for improvements.
ADVANTAGES.
First.It is worth fifty dollars to a young man to be
associated with such a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase the
preference right to he interested in the next town
mapped out by the Credit Foncier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine.
Third.Owning 6,000 *feet of land 1,700- miles off by
rail, extends one's geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia do not
compose the entire American Republic.
When this ocean bottomthis gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inland lake often
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, with corn-fields and -villages, a lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing to have about the
house.
The object of the Credit Foncier in selling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to open up the boundless
resources along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East. Landed proprietsrship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the em-
employee to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
thousand now.
As this allotment of 1,500 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a check to the Company's
bankers, Messrs. John J. Cisco & Son, 33 Wall street,
when you will receive a deed for the property.
To 6ave Hie lot-owner the trouble of writing, the Credit
Foncier pays all taxes for two years.
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property in Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at the foot of the mountains, four hundred
miles west of Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots there selling for three thou-
sand dollars.
Most of the Directors of the Union Pacifio Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
are the Shareholders of the Credit Foncier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P. BEMIS.
Secretary. .
Office of the Company, 2 Nassa Street, New York
INTO TEE
NEW FIVE-TWENTYBONDS OF 1865 AND 1867.
A Holders of the Sixeg of 1881, and Five-twenty Bonds
of 1862, and May 1,1865, may now realise a liberal differ-
ence by exchanging them for the new 6-2Cs of 1865-7.
We are prepared to make these exchanges upon the mo9t
favorable terms.
Deposits received and collections made.
FISK & HATCH, No. 5 Nassau street.
RANKING HOUSE
JAY COOKE & CO.,
No. 20 WALL ST., COR. OF NASSAU ST., NEW YORK.
We buy and sell at the most liberal current prices
and keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERNMENT BONDS OF ALL ISSUES,
SEVEN-THIRTIES,
AND
COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES,
and execute orders for purchase and sale of
STOOKS, BONDS AND GOLD.
We have added to our office a Retail Department, for
the accommodation of the public demand for investment
in and exchanges of Government Securities, the pur.
chase Gold and Intebest Coupons, and the sale of In-
ternal Revenue Stamps.
SEVEN-THIRTIES CONVERTED INTO FIVE TWEN-
TIES AT THE MOST FAVORABLE BATES.
JAY COOKE & CO.
JJEALTH REFORM COLONY.
A Company has purchased 10,000 acres of land in
Southem'Ohio, which they are selling in smalt farms to
such persons as will give their principal attention to
fruit culture, liquor shops, tobacco shops, and drug
shops will not be allowed on the territory; nor nuisances
of any kind. It is intended to establish a Model Society.
For further particulars, apply to R. T. TRALL, M.D.,
No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York, or send twenty-five
cents for a tract entitled HygeianaNo. 1." .
HE GOSPEL OP HEALTH.
BY R. T. TRALL, M.D.
An illustrated monthly devoted to the advocacy of the
Hygienic Medical System. It teaches the people not
only how to cure invalids without medicine, but also,
what is vastly more important, how to live so as to avoid
sickness. Terms, $2 a year; Single number 20 cents.
R. T. TRALL & CO.
No.- 97 Sixth avenue, New York.
JJOME INSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, $100,000.00.
OPPICERS.
D. R. ANTHONY, President,
F. E. HUNT, Vice-President,
A. D. NIEMANN, Secretary.
OFFICE40 MAIN STREET,
Leavenwobth, Kansas.
EARLE H. SMITH, '
ATTORNEY IN PATENT CAUSES
AND
SOLICITOR OF TT. S. & FOREIGN PATENTS,
119 & 121 NASSAU STREET,
NEW YORK.


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