Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AKD NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO. 10.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1868. single^opy^ekts.
C|f Efuolntian.
ELIZABETH CADY STASTOU.)
PARKER PILLSBUBY, j
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 17).
IMPEACHMENT OF THE PRESIDENT.
At last a majority in Congress vote for im-
peachment. The proposal came from the peo-
ple almost two and a half years ago, but few
listened, to it. A year ago last autumn the
question had become of such importance
that it was confidently believed the ensuing
session of Congress would bring its consum-
mation. The republican majority was so
overwhelming that presi dential interference
by veto or otherwise, could avail nothing. Every
state was loyal, patriotic, earnest and deter-
mined. The most radical men were returned
at the fall elections, and Gen. Butler of Massa-
chusetts was elected on the strength of his zeal
for impeaching the President, and his well
known ability as a contestant in criminal
prosecutions. But nothing was done by
Congress in all the long sitting to restore
national unity, still less harmony and prosper-
ity. A summer session was equally fruitless.
We are still divided, distracted, deranged in
currency, commerce, diplomacy, with State and
Federal liabilities resting on the people, the
producing people, amounting to not lesi than
four or five thousand millions of dollars, not to
speak of current expenditures which are also
appalling ; with a President (so it is believed)
whose weakness finds no parallel but in his
wickedness, with a Secretary of State who has
become his full counterpart in both, and a
Senate too cowardly, or too corrupt till now to
impeach the former or to seek the removal of
the latter.
The delay to impeach can be accounted for on
only two grounds. Conscience made moral
cowards of Congress, or it feared the-result in
a political point of view. In a body so reck-
less and corrupt as it has proved itself, no won-
der if there should be hesitation about casting
the first stone. The difference between Con-
gress and the President had become so slight in
moral turpitude, that one was reminded when
impeaching the latter was named, of the emi-
nent Dr. Beecher on tr ial before the General
Assembly of the Presbyterian church thirty or
forty years ago, on charges of heresy. A profane
wag said (oath here omitted), it would be more
proper to try the General Assembly before Dr.
Beecher.
Wendell Phillips had already impeached Con-
gress before the people on two grounds, b which he well sustained; and both under the
circumstances, were high crimes and misde-
meanors. He proved all the-way from Maine
to Mexico and back again, that we had a
dawdling Congress, and a swindling Con-
gress Whether he himself cared anything
for the guilt thus charged and proved or not,,
the people have taken him at his word ; and at
the last elections have begun in good earnest a
change. How he could so earnestly and elo-
quently urge a dawdling and swindling
court to impeach and punish such a criminal
exceeded all power of comprehension. The
Farce of the Forty Thieves sometimes per-
formed at the theatres, might be enlarged and
improved should the nine and thirty pri-
vates undertake to arraign their captain beoause
his policy of plundering differed from their
own.
The democratic party disclaim all responsi-
bility for, or sympathy with the President. It
is a pity they had not better grounds and
reasons for such disclaimer. But the repub-
lican party is responsible for him, and elected
him too with full knowledge that he was a low
born, poor white, slave-breeding and slave-
holding member of the democratic party! That
Hannibal Hamlin should have been sacrificed
for such a Barabbas, at such a time, and by a
party of such pretensions and professions is a
phenomenon without a parallel, at least in the
last eighteen hundred years!
The Senate of the United States knew him
well. None were more active than he at the
opening scenes of the rebellion, and in the
preceding year. He was a senator from Ten-
nessee, and supported every demand of the
slave power with demonaic fierceness. Indeed,
his own demands of the free states as con-
ditions for remaining in the Union were more
monstrous than those from any other quarter.
Take one. On the thirteenth of December,
1860, he proposed the following as a constitu-
tional amendment:
Resolved, That the select committee of thirteen be
instructed to inquire into the expediency of establishing
by Constitutional provision, 1. A lino running through
the territory of the United States, not included within
the States, making an equitable and just division of said
territory ; south of which line, slavery shall be recog-
nized and protected as property by ample and full guar-
antees ; and north of whioh line, it shall be prohibited.
2. The repeal of all aots of Congress in regard to the
restoration of fugitives from labor, and an explicit de-
deration in the constitution that it is the duly of each state
for itself to return fugitive stav.es when demanded by the
proper authority, or pay double their cash value out of the
Treasury of the State. 3. An amendment that slavery shall
exist in Navy Yards, Arsenals, etc., or not, as it may be
admitted or prohibited by the states in which such
arsenals, navy yards, etc., may be situated. 4. Con*
gress shall-never interfere with slavery in the District of
Columbia, so long as it shall exist in the State of Mary-
land, nor even then without the consent of the inhabit*
ants and compensation of the owners, ft. Congress
shall not touch the representation of the three-fifths of
the slaves, nor the inter-state slave trade, coastwise or
inland. 6. These provisions to be unamendablr, like that
which relates to the equality of the States in the Senate
of the United States.
In his memorable speech in the Senate on the
18th and 19th of Dec. of that year, which an
enthusiastic republican on the floor pronounced
Jacksonian in tone, Web&terian in argument,
he declared he did not diffei' muck from his
Southern friends, only as to the mode of redress.
Shall I be so* cowardly, he asked, as to dc^
serfc a noble band at the north who stand by the
south on principle? Instead of acting with
that division of my southern friends who take
the ground of secession, I shall take other
grounds, while I try to accomplish the same end.
I believe the continuance of slavery depends,
upon the preservation of this Union, and a com-
pliance with all the guarantees of the constitution
Of course he meant the constitution as
amended ; for he most distinctly declared there
would be no safety without his own or similar
amendment. And finally, to the amazement of
even Jefferson Davis who bad not then seceded
from the Senate, he exclaimed, whenlhe North
refuses unfLer the constitution to give us what we
consider the needful guarantees for the protection of
our institutions and other interests, i will go as
FAR AS HE WHO QOfcS FARTHEST!
Ever since the war he has been redeeming that
solemn pledge and promise.. Senators heard him
make it, heard Jefferson Davis demand of him
to explain it, and have witnessed his attempts
and determination to redeem it, especially dur-
ing the last two years, since the cowardice and
corruption of the republican party have been so
manifest to the universal world.
And maimer of the impeachment, now
that it is commenced, is even more remarkable
than was its long delay. It is not clear that
the President should not be impeached; but
nothing could be more clear than that this Con-
gress is not a fit tribunal for so important a
transaction. Twice it has been attempted be-
fore. That it is intended to subserve the in-
terests of party is proved by the whole history
of the republican Congress, and the party
leaders, during the last two years and a half.
Pitchforking colored suffrage into fbe South on
the points of federal oayonets, and denying it
in every Northern- and Western state where it
is asked (Utah only excepted, and that, a terri-
tory), shows the interest the party have in the
question as one of justice and right. Changing
unsolicited the constitution (amending,it was
called) so as to leave the colored population
wholly at the mercy of the white so soon us tlio
rebel states are restored, shows the quality and,
extent of republican humanity and philan-
thropy. It was Stephen A. Douglas who said
he didnt care a dnfor the nigger, but he
had other reasons for opposing slavery ex-
tension. The colored man evidently has many
such friends in the republican party.
It does not yet appear that the President has
committed treason against any higher authority
than the party that elected him. No one was
more opposed to the Civil Tenure Act than was
Mr. Stanton himself. None more strongly than
he- advised the President against it. None
could test the constitutionality of that Act but
one holding the appointing power, the Presi-
dent himself. He assumed the responsibility
as did Gen. Jackson in removing a cabinet
officer and the Federal deposits. The people sns-


146
ft* lUvfllttiifltt.
tained the President in his course then and seem
likely to do so again. Congress feels that it has
undertaken a perilous work, and has prudently
preceded it with every cunning forecast
possible. The attempt to subjugate the Su-
preme Court and strip it of its authority, failed.
In the endeavor to cut off debate, and to rush
recklessly through with its purpose, it hopes to
have succeeded better. Jt may be so, but this
also is doubtful.. The protest of the demo-
cratic members of the House was spurned. It
was neither permitted to be read, entered on
the journal of the House, nor printed in the
Washington Globe. Though the constitution
makes it the duty of the .Chief-Justice of the
Supreme Court to preside at the impeachment
trial, his brief and respectful communication to
the Senate on the manner of organizing the
tribunal, awakened' only displeasure, aud was
treated with disrespect, if not absolute con-
tempt. The Senate enacted the law which the
President is charged with violating, and now it
is both judge and jury in the trial of its cul-
prit. In ordinary courts no juryman would be
tolerated who was known to be even prejudiced
against the accused. But the majority of the
Senatorial pannel have been loud and long in
uttering their at least pretended condemnation.
To say that the President is bound by the
law until it is declared unconstitutional, is ab*'
surd ; because (though at his own peril) he has
taken the only possible method to test its con-.
stitutionality. If condemned by the court that
has over and over prejudged him, and spurned
him and his policy together, he must suffer the
consequences as would any other citizen.
The removal of a cabinet officer is no new
wonder in our political heavens, to frighten the
dwellers thereunder, like the natives Columbus
found who were so terrified at an eclipse of the
sun. Officers of bureaus have been dismissed
by presidential fiat; and a large number of
these very senators once waited on President
Lincoln, headed by Mr. Sumner, and prayed
most fervently for the removal of Montgomery
Blair. And the arguments they used were
mainly those by which Mr. Johnson now justi-
fies his course.
The articles of impeachment are themselves
an anomaly in thehistory of civilization. Apoor
fellow with a junk of bread in each hand, to dine
more sumptuously, insisted on calling one beef,
the other bread. The high court of im-
peachment has crumbled its loaf into nearly a
bakers dozen of fragments and determines to
find in them a whole bill of fare, animal, vege-
table and mixed. Afterthought has super-
added some side dishes, but they only make the
case worse, revealing more and more the pov-
erty of the diet. In the absence of face cards
(in card-table parlance), it hopes by a handfull
of small trumps to secure the game.
But at this late day, the whole plot may fail.
Two thieves had planned to steal a neighbors
oalf. The owner heard of it and borrowed a
pet bear kept by a butcher near by, and tied
him where the calf was kept. When the thieves
came, one watched at the door while the other
went in the dark to lead out the calf, not aware
that Bossy was relieved by Bruin. Bruin met his
visitor with a hug more fierce than affectionate.
He at the dpor grew impatient and called,
Why dont you lead the calf out ? The other
answered, I cant get him out; the bear
hugging tighter and tighter. Atlast the watcher
alarmed at a noise said, Well, come out with-
out him, we shall be caught. The other an-
swered, by Qd, I cant do that either.
Republicanism may fare no better in impeaching
Andrew Johnson.
After all, High Treason against the moral
government of the Universe is in every policy
of reconstruction yet proposed. The war might
have been rebellion by the South against the
Federal authority. But while slavery continued
it was murder and treason against high
heaven on the part of the North. It was
heavens thunderbolts hurled at slavery. And
federal protection by the army of that accursed
institution from the moment the war com-
menced, was bold defiance of Omnipotence it-
self. And our army of two millions six hun-
dred and thirty thousand men were as chaff be-
fore the storm until we blew tbe trumpet of
emancipation.
So shall it be still. Until the North and the
nation shall together abandon the tyrannical
schemes and plans of all parties, and accept as
the one only sure basis of reconstruction, in-
telligent, loyal, equal suffrage and citizenship, re-
gardless of race, color, condition or sex, presi-
dential or congressional policies, Freedmens
bureaus, standing army, constitutional amend-
ment, bailing or banging Jefferson Davis and
impeaching Andrew Johnson, will all alike be in
vain! __________________ p. p.
TBE ROUND TABLE
The Round Table is deservedly growing in
favor with the most intelligent readers. An
article in it last week entitled What the Re-
public Needs, contained the following defi-
nition of true patriotism:
True patriotism does not consist in affectation. It
does not make believe, for tbe sake of winning the
affections of tbe people, that all things, tbe people in-
cluded, are as perfect as they can possibly be. It rather
aims at telling tbe truth, regardless of unpopularity,
not only because of tbe intrinsic beauty and righteous-
ness Of truth, but because, in tbe long run, it is sure to
be safest and most wholesome. We do not hesitate to
express the conviction that a great proportion of our ex-
isting national embarrassments and those that threaten
our future, have had their origin in a lack of candor on
the part of those who ought to have been the teachers
of the people instead of their flatterers. The kind of
courage whose absence we deprecate is not that which
enables men to declaim against interests or institutions
whose destruction would cost nothing to their assailants
either in purse or cohscience and whose abuse gains
coveted notoriety. The courage we would' fain see is
that which should lead men to admonish the people of
their conceit, their ignorance, their boastfulness, tbeir
irreverence, their self-indulgence, tbeir adoration of
money, their contempt for modest merit, their pitiful,
shop-keeping way of measuring life, its duties and re-
sponsibilities j in a word, of all those qualities which,
during ihepast generation, have so corrupted the nation,
and which are more menacing to true liberty and a dig-
nified national life than even the overthrow of the Con-
stitution and the rise of a Military Dictator. The latter,
indeed, would be part of the product of the enumerated
vices ; but the vices would continue to poison the .sys-
tem, like a lingering disease, long after the spasmodic
effort was made that haply-might cast off and outlive its
climax.
* * *
The republic needs for the discussion of these grave
questions, not demagogues and coarse-grained partisans,
but the cultivated and high-minded gentlemen of the
land ; men who, having nothing to ask of the people,
will not be fearful about displeasing them ; men who,
for the sake of their country in her hour of need, wi.l
emerge from the political obscurity to which their own
taste as well as that of the majority consigned them in
tbe tame of that countrys prosperity. With the cour-
ageous and disinterested -aid of such men, the perils
that surround us may be surmounted or avoided : with-
out such aid, we have now slender hope of escaping a
catastrophe.
The Round Table italicizes the word gentle-
men as used above. What would its editor
say to an amendment to his proposition,padding
ladies of the same excellent qualities he would
have his gentleman possess to the councils
discussions ? There are plenty of ladies quite
equal to the Victorias, Annes and Elizabeths
of England, the Theresas of Austria, or the
Catharines of Russia.'
The Round lable is certainly favorable to the
equal voice of intelligent women in the gov-
ernmental councils. Even the very discouraging
article in its columns upon Womans Suffrage,
on which we commented in a late Revolu-
tion was a Communication, as perhaps should
have been more definitely shown, and quite un-
like the general character of the editorial col-
umns. p. p.
SUFFRAGE FOR WOMAN.
An auspicious sign of the times, as relates to
extension of suffrage, is the tone of the public
press. East, West and South the demand ife
now making, and the newspaper press, political,
pictorial, literary and religious is beginning not
only to treat the. question with respect, but in
many cases boldly to advocate it. A number
of the Michigan journals are preparing the way
for the extension of the franchise in that state
without distinction of color or sex. To some of
them we have referred before. The last Hud-
son Post announces, in its new prospectus, that
its political principles are founded in a convic-
tion of the necessity and expediency of the es-
tablishment of impartial justice and impartial
suffrage; and our efforts will be devoted to the
advocacy of those principles. With regard to
the franchise, the Post says there are two
courses, either of which is apparently just; one,
the conferring of the right of suffrage upon all,
irrespective of color or sex; the other, the es-
tablishment of certain requirements of educa-
tion which all must comply with to be entitled
to enfranchisement. The Post goes for the for-
mer, believing the latter inconsistent with a
government that derives all its just power from
the consent of the governed. The Revolu-
tion only proposes a slight educational test, not
so hard to attain as are one and twenty years
of age, and accessible' to all. Wo will not
quarrel with our brave Michigan contemporary
even.about this.
CHILD MURDER,
The public attention has been much drawn
to this frightful subject of late. The disclose-
ures made are appalling to the highest degree.
The social system is too corrupt, it would cer-
tainly seem, long to survive. Infanticide is on
the increase to an extent inconceivable. Nor is
it confined to the cities by any means. An-
droscoggin county in Maine is largely a rural
district, but a recent Medical Convention
there unfolded a fearful conditibn of society
in relation to this subject. Dr. Oaks made the
remark that, according to the best estimate he
could make, there were four hundred murders
annually produced by abortion in that county
alone. The statement is made in all possible
seriousness, before a meeting of regular
practitioners in the county, and from the statis-
tics which were as freely exposed to one mem-
ber of the medical fraternity as another.
There must be a remedy even for such a cry-
ing evil as this. But where shall it be found,
at least where begin, if not in the complete en-
franchisement and elevation of woman? Forced
maternity, not out oi legal marriage but with-
in it, the complete power of the stronger over
the weaker sex, must lie at the bottom of a vas


IB ft* JUVfllUtifltt. 147
proportion of such revolting outrages against
the laws of nature and our common humanity.
WE AT TEE PRESS SATS OF OS.
From the Odd Fellow, Boonsboro, Md.
The Revolution is handsomely printed, edited
with genuine female spice, and of course, goes heavily
for female suffrage, and the rights of womankind gene-
rally. It has'a big job on hand, but the proprietresses
tseem to go at it with a will. Of course we wish them
t uccess in their enterprise and shall be glad to receive
* The Revolution regularly.
We need something more than good wishes.
We ask a little male spice from all the odd
fellows in the land.
Woman has indeed a big job on hand to
overcome not only the ordinary obstacles in life
common to all, but the artificial ones that the
usurper man has put in her way. Help us to
pull down these barriers in the state, the
church and the home, that woman may stand
on an even platform with man.
From the Brooklyn Evening Post.
A Thzno of Beauty is a Joy Fobever.So thinks
Mrs, -Anthony, and everyone of our male readers who
po&ress common sense. We have been favored with a
copy of The Revolution, and we must give Mrs.
Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, not forgetting
barker Pillsbury, and the celebrated G. F. Train, credit
Tor issuing a paper editorially and typographically the
Smartest and neatest sheet we have seen for a long time
'They seem fully determined that the handsomest and.
smartest women and men shall rule this country. If
man is the Lord of creation, woman is the Queen, and
rules the lord, generally speaking, with a despotic
power. Let our females rule the house, train up the
young in the way they should go; and in this sphere'
ithey will have more influence* than by brawling at elec-
tions or serving as members of Congress.
' What a feeble folk these handsome lords
must be, if, with the purse and ballo.tin pocket,
navy behind their back, they are still ruled
with despotic power by women. Now we
submititto the judgment of a candidworld
if such men have the strength to brawl at elec-
tions, or make laws in Congress for thirty mil-
lions qf educated people.
From the Boston Saturday Evening Express.
The Revolution is smart and peppery, filled with
readable articles and goes it strong for woman's rights
and George Francis Train for President. It tells also
some unpalatable truths. The last number says that
Senators Yates of Illinois, and Saulsbury, are confirmed
and habitual drunkards, the editress having recently
seen them at Washington. She also advocates an equal-
ity of wages whether work is done by men or women,
and goes in strong for iemale compositors to get mens
wages. Train has also a letter saying no English hull
ever stopped a Yankee Train, and goes strong for war
with England. Speaking of Judge Chase, she says he
has got a heart as cold as a clam. The Revolu-
tion is replete with live reading.
. No, sir, we have a grander work on hand than
making Presidents. We are trying to educate
the people into the responsible duties of self-
government. If we leave the interests of this
republic wholly to the tender mercies of politi-
cians, our nations decline and death is swift and
sure. The women of this nation demand as
one of their rights sober men, in high places,
and all places, not only in the White House and
Congress, in the pulpit and at the family altar,'
but on our streets and highways, in our steam-
boats and railroads ; for statistics show that
more than haif the accidents, the pauperism,
.the diseases, the crimes that make our Eden
pandemonium, are the result of this whole-
sale drunkenness among those who make and
lead the public sentiment of the country. If
there are no sober men for rulers, then let the
Deborahs lead the armies of the Lord to vic-
tory and judge the nation with wisdom*
SUFFRAGE I2V KANSAS.
The following is only one of many brave
voices constantly reaching us from Kansas. The
. work there is well begun, though a ra ther Hood-
winked correspondent of the Springfield Re-
publican reports otherwise for reasons best
known to himself: *
Lawbenoe, Kansas, Feb. 26, 1868.
Bear Miss Anthony : The watchword of Kansas women
is onwards Revolutions do not go backward, and we
know no such word as fail. Though some of the prominent
republicans rejoice that Woman Suffrage did not succeed
at the November election, we are not in the least dis-
couraged. On the contrary, we are determined to press
our cause to the earliest possible success. To accom-'
plish this, one of our best women (Mrs. Helen M. Starrett)
has already entered the field to plead thee anse of woman.
She delivers her first lecture this evening in Topeka.
Subject, Man mid Woman. [Kansas men, not content
with the able arguments and logical reasoning of im-
ported speakers, have clamored incessantly for home
orators, arguments, and eloquence. Letus hear from
the women of Kansas has been sounded in our ears
since the question of Female Suffrage was first agitated;
thus actually forcing from the quiet seclusion of hpme
the wives and mothers they would so bravely shield and
protect.
To let the .Legislature know that we are not dead and
buried, our widows petitioned that Honorable body
for exemption from taxation, urging its injustice with-
out representation. Their petition was referred to a
committee of five, a majority reporting against it. The
report says, Taxation without representation is
tyranny, rung from Fanenil Hall nearly a century ago ;
but who in tbe land then dreamed that the ladies would
make the sentiment of those old patriots against the
British government applicable-to the women, and espe-
cially the widows of Kansas ? Thus we see that man,
although claiming superior reasoning faculties, could not
foresee the logical sequence of the sentiments.uttered
and earnestly urged by himself. The minority of com-
mittee also made a report, all of which I inclose.
The brave women of Kansas have* nailed their
colors to the mast, and may be relied upon as efficient
workers till a Revolution shall be seen at every hearth-
stone, and woman be recognized the equal of man and
nothing less.
Inclosed find $11.00, for which send six copies of
The Revolution to my address.
With kindest regards,
Mrs. R. S. Tenney.
The following is the petition referred to in the
foregoing letter, and one other .to the samepur-
port; and also the minority report by the
Legislative Committee.
PETITION 037 FORTY-FOUR WIDOWS AND SIXTY-TWO
CITIZENS OF THE CITY OF LAWRENCE, KANSAS,
ASKING EXEMPTION FROM TAXATION FOR WID-
OWS.
To the Honorable, the Representatives of the people of Kan-
sas, now met in the Stale Capital for the purpose of good
and just Legislation :
Gentlemen : We, the undersigned, widows of Law-
rence, do hereby respectfully petition you to onaot a
law that will exempt the widows of the state from tax-
ation.
We appreciate, equally wo think with yourselves, the
fact thatnaxation without representation is unjust, op-
pressive and burdensome ; and, gentlemen, we are sure
you cannot regard it as just to make widows an excepted
class, and impose burdensome taxes on them. Does
any one say we are represented ? Or are you disposed
to set aside the claims of our petition on the theory that
in some latent, though undiscovered way we are repre-
sented? Then, gentlemen, we do respectfully petition
you to enact a law that shall require the payment of the
taxes assessed upon us at the hands of our represen-
tativesself-constituted or otherwisewho impose
them. Make those who represent us in imposing them,
represent us in paying them.
Is it said that, as we are protected by .tho government
and laws, we ought to support them with o;ur means?
This is only the old plea for taxation without represent-
ation. Obligations and benefits are mutual between
the state and citizen. The obligationto pay taxes to the
government corresponds exactly to the right of repre-
sentation in the government; and for the benefit of
governmental system and social order, wegive in return,
equally with other citizens, our moral support, respect
and industry.
That you may be made aware that we do not petition
you, gentlemen, in a matter of abstract principle merely,
we will show you very strikingly that we are heavily
enough burdened to warrant us in crying out for the
removal of the insupportable load that is laid upon us
and our children, and kept on us without our consent
and in spite of us.
One of us whose names are appended, has an income
of $900, and her taxes for this year amount to $736.
Another has, for her support, an income of $200, derived
from an insurance policy on the life of her deceasedhus-
band. Of this it takes $99 to pay the taxes on her house
and lot. Another is now contemplating the sale of her
house and lot, next May, by the sheriff, to pay the
taxes, and it is a matter of impossibility for *her to effect
more by her labor, than a meagre supply oi food and
clothing for herself and children. Another has just
mortgaged her little shed of a house in obtaining a loan'
to pay the taxes and keep her little home from the fate
awaiting tbe one just mentioned. And these instances
only fairly show the average proportion of our taxes to
our incomes, and tbe average stress of difficulties under
which we now suffer, because of this burdensome taxa-
tion imposed upon us by othersmostly for things in
which we take no interest at all.
Gentlemen, surely you will not continue this injustice
and oppression, simply because you and your consti-
tuents are so much stronger than the widows of the
state, who are powerless except in so far as their appeals
to your sense of honor and justice affect you.
We believe, gentlemen, you will do yourselves the
justice to respond unqualifiedly to these appeals, and
we trust that our petition will be grantedalike to your
credit and our relief.
[Signed by 44 Widows.]
The undersigned fully agree with the sentiment ex-
pressed in tbe petition of the iwdows of Lawrence; and
respectfully unite with them in asking the passage of a
law to meet their request.
(Signed by 62 citizens.]
PETITION OF TWENTY-TWO WIDOWS AND 375 CITI-
ZENS OF THE CITY OF TOPEKA, SHAWNEE COUNTY,
KANSAS, ASKING EXEMPTION FROM TAXATION FOR
WIDOWS.
Wc, tho undersigned citizens, join most earnestly in
praying our Senators and Representatives in granting
the petition of the widows of Lawrence, to exempt them
irom taxes. Also the widows of all Kansas.
[Signed by 22 widows and 375 citizens.]
REPORT OF MINORITY OF COMMITTEE ON PETITION
OF CITIZENS OF LAWRENCE AND TOPEKA, ASKING
EXEMPTION FROM TAXATION OF WIDOWS.
Mr. Green made the following minority report from
the Special Committee on petition exempting widows
from taxation :
Mr. President : A minority of yuuv Special Commit-
tee, to whom was referred the petition of forty-four
widows of the oity of Lawrence, and twenty-two widows
of the city of Topeka, indorsed by 400 citizens of the
state, praying for the passage of a law exempting the
property of all the widows of the state of Kansas from
taxation, had the same under consideration, and instruct
me to make the following report:
That while we recognize the existence of heavy and
burdensome taxes upon the property of the petitioners,
yet the passage of auy law by the Legislature exempting
the property of the .widows of the state of Kansas from
taxation would, in the opinion of your Committee, be so
clearly in conflict with section 1, article 11, of the Consti-
tution ot the state, that we are unable to recommend
the passage of an act making the discrimination in favor
of tho widows of tho state of Kansas, as desired in tbe
petitions before us ; and your Committee recognize the
manifest injustice of imposing heavy and^ burdensome
taxes upon uny class of persons without their consent,
and believing that the widows of the state arc entitled
to such civil rights as will enablt them to protect them-
selves, their children and their property, and to remove
all cause of complaint, and to conform to the principles
of free and representative government in accordance
with the principles of natural justice, as enunciated by
the Fathers, that all good governments derive their just
powers from the consent of the governed, your Commit-
tee would recommend that the Constitution oi the state
of Kansas be so amended as to make no discrimination
against persons on account of sex or color.
L. F. Gales,
W. H. Dodge.
The majority of the Committee repotted at


148
tu lUralntta#.
very much greater length. But as Long Meas-
ure only seems to apply to it, wo give only its
concluding periods :
Man is the sentinel around tbe camp of life; be wards
off the approaching danger, and receives the blowa
protection created by Gcd. Within is the family, al-
though deprived of its head and depressed in sorrow, it
is nevertheless within the paradise.
Better far would it be for the females of the state to be
thus dependent on tbe stronger sex, standing on the
outer riog of a boisterous life, than to cut loose and
swing from her orb, and sail through life an indepen-
dent being. ________________________
ter of the bouse came up and remarked that the book
was not suitable reading for ladies, but that here (put-
ting into my baud a email volume) was a work adapted
for tbe use of women and children, which he had pro-
vided for the seuhoras of the family. I opened it and
found it to be a sort of text-book of morals filled with
commonplace sentiments, copy-book phrases, written in
a tone of condescending indulgence for the female in-
tellect. * I could hardly wonder, after seeing
this specimen of their intellectual food, that fhe wife
and daughters of our host were not greatly addicted to
reading. Nothing strikes a stranger more than the ab-
sence of books in Brazilian homos.
The act just passed in the Kansas State Senate allowing
any qualified person, without regard to sex or color,
to praotico law in all the courts, may be fairly pronounced
a point gained by the advocates of Womans Bights.
We incline to think it is a measure that will be promptly
acted on. We do not know how feminine logic might do
on a technical law-point; but, unless Kansas women are
different from other women, and Kansas men from
other men, there must be some admirable jury pleaders
amongst the ladies there.
Neably all of the papers in Kansas, it is said, that are
controlled by men who have never been tinctured with
democracy and anti-abolitionism, are supporting Woman
Suffrage. With such afi array for tbe cause, it cannot be
ridiculed out of existence, and to defeat it will require
something besides the wicked attempt to array the Bible
against it. . _______________________
PROFESSOR AGASSIZ'S BRAZIL.
The journals of Mt. and Mrs. Agassiz in Bra-
zil will b read with great interest by all lovers
of travels. There are not many such travellers,
perhaps none since the period of Humboldt.
The following is apropos to our columns :
EQUAL BIGHTS IN SCHOOLS.
There are establishments in'nearly all the larger cities,
in which the children of the poor are taught a trade. In
these sohools, blacks and whites are, so to speak, in-
dustrially united. Indeed, there is no antipathy oi
race to be overcome in Brazil, either among the laboring
people or in the higher walks o£ life. I was pleased to
see pupils, without distinction of race or color, mingling
in tbe exercises.
The Imperial Library of Bio de Janeiro is very fairly
supplied with books In ail departments of learning, and
is conducted in a very liberal spirit, suffering no limi-
tation from religious or political prejudice.
In fact, tolerance and benevolence are common
characteristics of the institutions of learning in Brazil.
EDUCATION OF WOMEN.
Both authors of this book have passages on
the neglect of the education of women. Mrs.
Agassiz says :
The education of women is little regarded in Brazil,
and tbe standard of instruction for girls in the public
schools is low. * The majority of girls in Brazil
who go to school at all, are sent about seven or eight
years of age, and are considered to have finished their
education at thirteen or fourteen. The next step in their
life is marriage. * There is not a Brazilian sen-
hora who has ever thought upon the subject at all, who
is not aware that her life is one of repression and con-
straint. She cannot go out of her house, except under
certain conditions, without awakening scandal. Her
education leaves her wholly ignorant of the most com-
mon topics of a wider interest, though perhaps with a
tolerable knowledge of French and music. The world
of books is closed to ber ; for there is little Portuguese
literature in which she is allowed to look, and that of
other languages is still less at her command. She knows
little of tbe history of her own country, almost nothing
of that of others, and she is hardly aware that there is
any religious faith except the uniform one of Brazil;
she has probably never heard of the Beformation, nor
does she dream that there is a sea of thought surging in
the world outside, constantly developing new phases of
national and individual life; indeed, of all but her own
narrow domestic existence, she is profoundly ignorant.
Mis. Agassiz tells an incident that illustrates
this condition of society. Staying at a fazenda
one day, she found a book and took it up to
read it. It was a romance. She says :
As I stood turning over the leaves * the mas-
THE ONE THING NEEDFUL.
Boston, Feb., 1868.
The one thing needful for women to learn, is
physiology; not only for its direct value in
teaching how to preserve health, but as the
basis of psychology. But to be of much use it
must be thoroughly and universally taught. This
can only be done by making it the indispensable
part of all school education, not in the super-
ficial way in which it is generally tanght now,
when taught at all, but in its wholeness. Mo-
thers cannot teach their daughters, because
very few of them are competent, and because
parents are, for that very reason, the worst
possible educators of their own children. The
parental relation is exclusively an affectional
and not an educational relation. Of course pa-
rents may educate their own children, and'if
they have a genius for educating, they may do
it tolerably well, but they will not do it so well
for their own children as for others.
The best educators of children are older
children, especially those not of the same fam-
ily ; and in fact we see our best efforts constantly
defeated by the evil influence of the vicious and
ignorant companions of our children. There
is no safety but in the path of justice to all.
One ill-bom, neglected child may ruin a com-
munity. All children are equally Gods, and so-
ciety, as the representative on earth of Gods
providence, should care equally for every one of
its little ones. Up to the present time the in-
fluence of children upon one another has prin-
cipally been felt for evil, but it is just as potent
for good. I am very glad to see the remarks of
Dr. Lozier in The Revolution, about the
teaching of woman. The profession of phy-
sician calls for a noble character, and there are
many noble men in it; but they are human, and
they cannot act against the very life of their
business. If all women were wisely taught
there would be no need of a class of physicians ;
children would be well-bom and well-bred.
There is much, very much, to be said to women
that cannot be printed, that must come from
thoroughly taught women to their sisters ; and
until it is said and the truths acted upon, the
world must continue to suffer. Orilf woman
can save us. People never learn by experience ;
if they did we should all have all the wisdom
we need, women would not be growing weaker
and sustaining a special class of physicians,
undreamed of by their grandmothers. Naturally
women are stronger than men, as steel is
stronger than iron. Men could not stand the
dress and habits of women, and go through
what they do, without utterly breaking down.
Some day the world will learn that the strongest
forces are the finest, the least visible, the most
spiritual; then we shall see why it is that things
go so badly when the lower attempts to govern
the higherwhen the force element incarnated
in man rebels against the love element which
inspires woman. i\ j. c.
THE WORKING WOMEN OF NEW YORK.
ARTICLE in.
THE SEWING GIKLS CONTINUED.
Thebe are, first, the shop girls, who sit in long
rows, up and down the length of great dreary
work rooms, or pile in promiscuously in less
pretentious establishments. Then there are
the dressmakers, the cloak-maker6, tailoresee6,
seamstresses and takers in of slop work. Of the
thirty thousand women now out of employment
in this wilderness of a city, twenty thousand are
said to be sewing girl6. Piles of unsold cloaks
on the shelves, clothing of every description on
hand, although marked down at ruinous
pricesthis tells the story why so many thou-
sands of women are thrown out of employment
during the inclemency of the season. A picture
of one of the vast establishments where shop-
girls work, will do for all the rest. Large, well-
lighted show-rooms, attentive salesmen, watch-
ful floor-walkers, spry little cash boysall these
will the eager buyers find in the lower rooms.
Down stairs- to see evening dresBes, where bril-
liant gas jets flame out to show the effect; up
stairs to see the bargains in cloaks -and shawls;
wherever they go, the same genial light and soft
radiance is thrown. The work room is a very
different place to the show rooms, however. On
the third floor are the first work-rooms. They
are large and well-lighted, though but poorly
ventilated. The impression made upon one's
mind is, that a breath of fresh air has not en-
tered that close atmosphere for a long time, and
yet the windows are throyn up as high as they
will go every night at sweeping hour. But one
must remember, when sixty human beings, some,
of them with diseased lungs and horrid breaths,
work in these rooms for ten hours daily, that
ventilation is almost impossible. These are the
lace workers and muslin finishers. They pre-
pare those delicate articles of lingerie which so
win ones heart from the window or case where
they hang. Infants robes are made, babies
baskets are thoroughly prepared here. The girls
look tired, even at an hour before noon. They
bend over shockingly, and nearly all of them
have sore eyes and sorer hearts, poor things.
Six dollars a week is the average price made
here. Some there are who make nine. The
majority only make five. The fourth floor, on
immense room, running over the whole building
from back to front and from side to side, is oc-
cupied by the cloak makers.' There are four-
long tables down the centre of the room, and
smaller ones placed a tittle to the side. Here,
during the brisk season, ninety-five girls work.
Now the number cannot be more than twenty.
The women working here seemed more oheeriul
than those on the lower floor ; but they, too, are
overtaxed and allow themselves to die by inches,
just because they fancy they are making an hon-
est livelihood. They average more than the mus-
lin workers. Some of them can make ten dollars
a week, but those are old hands at the business.
On the fifth floor is a smaller work-room than
either of the others. It is devoted to the malt-
ing up of plain underwear for ladies and chil-
dren. There are about twenty-five or thirty em-
ployees here, pale, wan and sickly ; but, strange
enough, more contented with their lot than
those of either of the floors below. I asked one
old lady, whose age would surely entitle her to
rest, how she liked to work there ? She replied,
I thank God that I can take care of myself in
my old age! She is seventy-two .years of .age,
and earns three dollars a week, God help her! I
could riot help wondering how in the world she


149
managed to reach the fifth story with her poor,
rheumatic limbs and feeble strength. As if
divining my thoughts, she said, To be sure,
its a good ways up, and I have to come very
slowly ; but after I once get here theres a good
rest for me until night. A little creature of
thirteen, but who looked no more than nine,
was basting hems in a..comer. She was only
learning to sew, she said, and had been there
two weeks, but in a fortnight more she would
be paid tor working. Upon asking her how
much, she answered with a proud inflection of
voice, five dollars a month. The faces of the
employees throughout this establishment gener-
ally wore a shocked, startled expression, as if
they were forever on the rack. A great majority
seemed to be suffering with lung and throat dis-
eases.
With & heavy heart I saw them at their tasks.
Poorly paid, illy clothed and fed, they go on
from one years end to another. Surely there
must be relief for them sometime in the future.
Why not now ? Tupto.
DR. TODD ON WOMANS RIGHTS.
BY MILTON B. SCOTT.
The Rev. Dr. Todd has lately written a little
book on Womans Rights. It is the most
complete illustration that could be devised of
the weakness and softness of the opposition to
the cause of Womans Rights. He neither ap-
preciates the weight nor the delicacy of the sub-
ject which he assumes to discuss. In common
with other lords of creation, he seems not to
realize that women have trains. He addresses
his words-chiefly to women, and although he
compliments and patronizes V the sex con-
siderably, one can find very little worthy the at-
tention or consideration of reasonable crea-
tures.
The Doctor can see nothing higher in the
Womans Rights movement than an aggressive
warfare on the part of women upon the just
prerogatives of men; and having constituted,
himself a champion of the sterner sex, he
enters the lists in full armor. He opposes every-
thing that savors of equality. He would not let
woman share the right of suffrage with man;
he ddes not want her to choose her own em-
ployment, nor receive full pay for work ; he
seeks to limit her education; he forbids her
either to act or grow except in a certain
sphere, and he even considers it necessary
to prescribe the kind of garments she should
wear.
The work is a little one ; but it contains a vast
amount of advice and admonition which will
amuse, if not instruct, the women of our coun-
try. The poor girls of our cities, who are toil-
ing out life for scarcely enough to preserve life,
and are exposed to the most fearful danger and
temptation from day to day, should ponder well
the argument of Dr. Todd against displacing
so many young men and taking away so* many
chances of marriage from themselves. The
young, ladies at our various female seminaries
and colleges should read his earnest words upon
the insufficiency of their physical organiza-
tion to go through the course of study they
have undertaken. The vast number of maidens
in the country who, Dr. Todd seems to think,
are seeking to escape marriage, need his pre-
cious information about the blessedness of the
connubial relation and their dependence on
man. The women who have broken over the
chalk line which Dr. Todd and others have drawn
fUrdutiau.
as the boundary of their sphere, should lis-
ten to his fatherly advice, and no longer expose
themselves to the gross and unchivalrous
charge of seeking to be men.
And then, the menthe men wbo invent,
the men who earn the property,!* the men who
support the families, the men who endure
the pressure of continued and long labor, the
men who kill whales, pull teeth, cut off
legs, dig ore and coal, carry hods, tan
leather,*' groom horses, and perform the
other manly deeds which Dr. Todd strings over
nearly a page of* his bookthese men and all
others should receive the instruction here offer-
ed to them, and be ready evermore to resist the
encroachments which strong-minded women
are making upon their authority and power.
Oh, Dr. Todd, have you ever thought of the
jpooi' girl ?
The revelations -of nature speak through the.
elements of society, foreshowing a better day
for woman. Her social condition is not ade-
quate to her capacity for usefulness; the rivalry
of conservatism prevents her from rising equal
to her true status. Woman alone knows her
sorrows and struggles. She feels the sting of de-
gradation in her heart arousing her to rescue
herself from slavery. Her work should move
with the celerity of thought to compete with
error in its pressure against her elevation. The
course of sundry would-be reformers (who have
turned against Woman Suffrage) is unjust in
the extreme ; their opposition is not sufficient
to rival the living principles that unfold in wo-
manly wisdom. Teach woman that it is not her
province to obey unprincipled man. Man is
not lord of creation; his claims, have fallen,
leaving him on a level with, woman. Her sym-
pathy lives in every reform ; she can open the
field of culture broad enough to develop her
individuality for the elevation of the world.
Close thinking will impress every woman that
the Eternal Principles will deliver her from the
bondage of false customs. Behold, millions de-
sire to carry fonvard this great Revolution for
the enfranchisement of women! Change is the
order of natureprogression is the life of
societyall should yield to the never-varying
round of Providence. m. t.
A MOTHER TO A DAUGHTER.
My Dauohter : Among all types of beauty
and sweetness which have been given us
by poets and painters, stands first of all a
young girl just budding into womanhood, whose
elastic step, delicate bloom, and round, flowing
outline of form express suppleness aiicl vigor.
What an incarnation of hopefulness! what a
reservoir qf all that is lovely and inspiring in
the future woman, is such a picture!
But where do you see the type, save in fancy?
You can count on your fingers the Misses of
your own age whose form and bearing do not
suggest some frail, exquisite piece of porcelain,
too delicate for actual use, and to be handled
with exceeding care when taken from its sup-
port.
In our cities such crops of hot-house exotics
are yearly poured forth to swell the ranks of
human life, that physiologists are sorely per-
plexed in enumerating how long it will take for
the race to die out from sheer delicacy in wo-
man. In the country there is not so much ad-
vantage over the city as one would suppose to
be the case, for there is pure air, the blessed
sunshine, and the fertile bosom of mother-
earth from which to draw vitalitythere are
flowers to cultivate, and woods and fields to ex-
plore, from which to gather botanical and geo-
logical specimens ; for, even in the most pic-
turesque country, girlhood is too much re-
stricted from healthy, out-of-doors activity and
from living out those natural instincts which
should ever be religiously respected by their
parents. So the glory and pomp of sunrise
and sunsets come and go, and the miracles of
reproduction, growth and death pass before the
eyes; so summer breathes in blossoms and
fruitage, and winter in snow and sleet, as the
great world spins forever down the ringing
grooves of change, while myriads of hnman
beings stand stolid and dull, with senses una-
wakened by the palpitating life that pulsates
alike through the granite, the plant and the hu-
man being!
It is time we shook off' our ^Joth, dear girl,
and look life fairly in the face, to see our situa-
tion and our needs, and to devise what must be
done to reform existing evils. There is some
great wrong in the position of women, as you
well know. When shall we begin to point out
the wrong and specify the remedies? There is
balm in Gilead; for every wrong exists a
right; for every evil a cure.
You have asked me if there were two kinds of
human nature ; very indignantly did you ex-
claim that the world must think woman greatly
inferior that it restricted her so much, and de-
barred her from hundreds of pursuits tbat men
considered good and praiseworthy. Your
brother could use his limbs in ways that de-
veloped his whole body, and gratify his curi-
osity, on the street, in the workshop, or in min-
gling with his fellows. As he grew older, every
pursuit that charmed him courted hi9 atten-
tion. You were told, if you attempted to follow
your early playmate, reared by your side from
babyhood, that such things were very improper
for girls, they were coarse and unwomanly.
Again you answered, Is not what is good
for him good for me, and does not what injures
me hurt him also ? Why should we be sepa-
rated now, wlmn we need each other more than
ever? What power is it that has decreed I am
immodest in using faculties that are given to
me as well as to him ? Is it not a decree un-
founded in the nature of things, and made only
by a false view of our capacities, which may be
annulled ? It must be so, for I feel the truth of
what you said in your last, That every faculty
has an inherent right to its natural develop-
ment.
Then, many of your associates are restless
and unhappy. But I will not touch upon this
mental phase of girlhood now. In answering
these queries and a hundred others, my dear-
girl, I commence with the physical life since
in the order of nature it is first developed,
and it is at the base of all intellectual and men-
tal power. Given firm- health and you have a
capital to start with, which will enable you to
strive to attain some noble end and exult in the
strife. You feel that fresh enjoyment of exist-
ence, that exulting sense of power, which
should underlie all effort, and with which a
woman can put forth questions that only the
reorganization of society can answer.
So let me urge upon you again and again to
respect your body, and obey its laws as far a9
you know them. There is no enjoyment, no
vigor, no usefulness without a sound body.
Regard it as your first duty to care for your
health. Let not the sneer of being unfashion-
able tempt you to sell the birthright of nature


150

for a mess of pottage. There is nothing in the
world so demoralizing as to run counter to the
known laws of being. Such a coarse dwarfs
every higher and better faculty ; it aims a blow
at the foundations of morality itself. Thus
saith the Lord is wiitten in the very constitu-
tion of our being, and to disobey is to degrade
our whole nature.
And I charge you, my child, if you have any
love of truth, to remember tbis, that there is
just compensation for every broken law, and
never can one be transgressed with impunity.
Fashion ignores this; hitherto our sex have
been yielding, and disliked the notoriety of be-
ing peculiar, and so we have bowed to her sway
with more than pagan idolatry. Thank Heaven,
my child, that you live in an ora when indivi-
duality is claiming expression and woman feels
that her outward life shall henceforth express
her inner nature.
First of all you must understand well the
outlines of Anatomy and Physiology. The day
lias passed when the body was despised and
called altogether corrupt and vile, and all that
is most natural and sweet was to be tortured
till extinct. That belief belongs to the dark
ages. These wondrous organs by which we
perceive the outer world, and by which all sen-
sations play upon the interior, are like the keys
of some delicate musical instrument, and like
thoss need tuning in perfect harmony from
their lowest to their highest notes. But har-
mony means health, and that is wholeness or
holiness. In perfect health every faculty has a
normal use and gratification. Each one is sa-
cred and beautiful in its true place, and in the
broad fields of human existence there is room
for all to play freely and grandly.
If you understand, my child, that every fac-
ulty you possess is God-implanted and presup-
poses a use for that faculty, you have caught
fast an eternal truth. That the Divine flows
through the human in all ages aud races is a
truth just illuminating humanity. The light
streams upon fewer still who. have learned how
fully and sweetly it flows through woman in her
true development. Affectionately,
h. u. H. p.
MORE WESTERN CORRESPONDENCE.
EXTRACT OP. A PRIVATE LETTER PROM ILLINOIS.
Dear Miss Anthony ; When I first advoeatojl Wo-
mans Suffrage,! did so as a protest against Negro
Suffrage. I now look upon it as nothing more than our
own just right, and I am doiug all that I can to interest
others in the cause. But 1 find with surprise that those
who claim to be reformers, and are loud in their profes-
sions of respect and appreciation of women, when I come
to ask them for some practical demonstration more than
the general gallantries of polite society to substantiate
their claims, they become suddenly indifferent,, or
boldly.d^olare : 0, it is not thus that we desire to see
iadies advanced and elevated! I find in your paper
clear aud concise answers to every objection men offer
to your position, but knowing their own weakness, they
cowardly shrink from even their perusal; and some
consider that I unsex myself, and others that I am a
maniac on the questions of The Social Evil and
Woman's Bights. I am pleased that George Francis
Train can galvanize true democrats into espousing our
cause. All honor, especially to him, who never deceived
a woman, whose name is without this almost uni-
versal reproach! I find our own sex after all our great-
est enemies. They attack our claims with more acute
ridicule and keener sarcasm than man is capable of.
But enough of this. I think very muoh of The Revo-
lution, and am not willing to lose a number, as I in-
tend to have them bound as suggested in the paper it-
self. I inclose a list of persons to whom please send it.
Hoping that the great need of the age may be accom-
plishedthe elevation of our sexI subscribe myself,
with respect, Your friend,
P, W. Raley.
WHAT AN IRISHMAN THINKS.
New Yons, March 2,1869,
Editors of The Revolution.
X favk read all the numbers of your journal so far,
and, am happy to state, that I have received a great deal
of information from your spirited and very intelligent
advocacy of the right ol the slaves, everywhere. But
you, like a great many other well meaning people, I am
afraid, are very apt to make mistakes at the start, which
may estrange a large and very powerful element in the
United States from the good cause of which you are- in-
deed the eloquent exponants.
The Anti-slavery party, from time to time, were too
much given to comparing negroes with Irishmen--
drunken Irishmen and the- party were astonished
at the sensitive Irish, iu not working in harmony with
those who were and are in the habit of thus offending
them. The Irish as a people, are not and never were in
favor of slavery, but the advocates of universal liberty
in this country were for a lorn' period, and are now to a
certain extent; the best friends to England, the deadly
enemy to the Irish people at home and abroad, and, in
fact, the enemy of the human race.
Irishmen, like most American men, do not like to be
associated with negroes ; neither do Irishwomen wish
it to be supposed, that they are to he found only in your
kitchensj although there is oftentimes as much truth and
decency in kitchens, as in parlors and bow-windows.
But I am happy to find that your Revolution is
truly American; not drawing any inspiration from
Exeter Hall and the London Times. So much the better
for the principles wnich you so fairly and squarely put
forward; the franchise for women ; protection for Amer-
ican industry and freedom for all people irrespective
of races and colors. God speed The Revolution.
The right to vote is a great-blessing to an intelligent
aud virtuous people, and'to them only should the gift be
extended. The ignorant, and those who are guilty of
crimes against the state and society at large, should be
prohibited strictly from electing men or women to any
office. Women, certainly, have as good a right to say
who are to make and execute the laws as men. Women
are in many things equal, if not superior to men, in
taste, virtue, wisdom, courage and judgment. I know
two women of -but average intelligence, who, after each
of them had only a short acquaintance with James
Stephens, C. O. I, R., pronounced the great Head-Centre
a very Utile man ; and yet, Stephens was surrounded for
years by men of great minds certainly, who were con-
vinced that the Fenian Chief was a terrible fellow en-
tirely. And -the most remarkable feature in the opinions
of these two women of Stephens is, that they have never
exchanged a word about the man, so far.
Fraternally yours, Eugene OShea.
. A REPLY TO GENERAL
Editors of Revolution :
In your No. 6 Gen.-----, through Mrs. Stan-
ton, asks : What Alfred H. Love would have
had us do in the Revolutions of *76 and *61 ?
Would he have let the red coats come in and
the rebs \ go out ?
Answer : I would have had you simply be
men and women ; and if the highest convictions
of your nature and your duty, and your best
knowledge, after going to school with six thou-
sand years of history behind you, and the ex-
ample and triumphs of Jesus Christ with you
for eighteen hundred years, have taught you no
better than surrender your manhood and wo-
manhood, your spirituality and divinity, and ac-
cept the lowest plane with the uncertain arbi-
trament of the sword, you could not have done
differently and you must still reap as you
sow.
Red coats might have come in and
slavery have gone out, sooner and more cheaply,
for ifl their country complexion is not the price
of liberty. And the women of our land might
have had deoent respect and'Equal Rights, for
they could have pointed to Queen Victoria with
more hope for the rights of ballot and office.
And had we have let the rebs go out, we
should not have had the fearful drain of blood
and treasure to keep them in, and now the im-
peachments and arrests to keep them out.
And as for what I would have doneI did
not live in *76, but did in *61, and though I coun-
sel all the world never to hinge present action
upon the grooves of the past, but to live and act
in the revelation aud inspiration of the moment
and do better, still 1 put on record in *C1:
What a sublime spectacle it would be to find
a people willing to., relinquish their artificial
claims to country for the sake of peace, and
carrying out the principles of Christ. There
has never been a nation willing to relinquish a
single inch of territory. Why not part with
discordant members for the sake of the Union
which means harmony ? Why not be willing to
retreat and retire into such a domain as would
be harmonious, and where the rights of all
Gods creatures would be recognized?
As there was free will in the formation of the
Union, let it be maintained upon this free will
policy, which has been the admiration of the
world.
Secession would not then be mooted for light
and trivial causes, especially if we were to make
the privilege of remaining in the Union a mat-
ter of desert. Let the question beare you good
enough, free enough, patriotic enough for the
Union, rather than what extent of territory or
human authority will, be added. Let it be
known that neither geographical limits nor gov-
ernmental powers comprehend and secure the
highest prosperity or closest unity, and that co-
ercion is not conversion.
1868 endorses this, and I add thereunto for
The Revolution that the old plan has been
tried and failed, mid 1 ask to revolve. Millions
of cannons mark cowards. This radical press
and the outspoken truth that will not serve
two masters, mark the braves of the' day.
With Jesus as our model and the Christ of
our individual'natures as our guide, we shall
know neither limit to country nor end of af-
fection for mankind ; and as for red coat or
reb, learn to hate the sin but never the sin-
ner. And then may we find the term Gen-
I eral defined : One high in the rank of man
impoverishing, enslaving, wounding and kill-
ing.
Inquirer, whoever thou art, resign thy com-
mission. I honor thy noble intentions ; but look
highertrust the testimonies of Jesus, He
who loseth his life for my sake shall find it.
Suffer rather than cause suffering. Die' rather
than kill. Hopefully and fraternally,
Alfred H. Love.
Philadelphia, 2d month 22, 1868.
LB. C. B. BOYNTON,
AND THE FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH AT
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Washington, Feb. 22,1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
I was astonished to find in the .last number of your
spioy and fearless Revolution, a statement repre-
senting Dr. Boynton, the radical Chaplain of Congress,
as hostile to the admission of colored people to his
churchthat he preached a sermon io sustain bis views,
and that Gen. Hancock (it should be Howard), who had
raised $100,000 from Northern Congregaticnalists for the
erection of the church edifice, had led a respectable
minority protesting against the doctrine and action of
the pastor.
Now, as a member of that church and society, and
President of the Board of Trustees, I desire to inform
you that these statements are in every material point
untrue and calculated to injure the character and posi-
tion of th9 church and pastor, all of whom are thoroughly
anti-slavery and anti-caste,' and would, under no circum-
stances, join or minister to a religious body which would
exclude from the communion and fellowship any person
on account of race or color.
It may be proper, however, to state that Dr. Boynton,


151
§Uv0tMti0tf.
-*- -.... ___;__ ____i.j_________________;_
in November last, delivered a discourse on the subject-of
" races, and while he distinctly claimed equal- civil
and religious and other rights, for all men and women,
and emphatically denied the right to exclude them from
o.ur churches and societies, he expressed the opinion
that, in large communities, the colored people would find
. it for their highest interest to organize and maintain as-
sociations of their own, and thus reach the highest point
of manly and Christian attsdnment by a development of
their own excellencies and peculiarities.
Very respectfully, D. M.Kelsey.
We are constrained to differ entirely with the
Reverend Doctor in his conclusions as to any
form of negro-pew-worship or education. Until
spiritual astronomy discover another heaven
and worship, and God also, for the hereafter of
us, all such fastidiousness as this had better be
overcome. If colored people can sit with their
mistresses as slaves, servants and wet nurses,
suckling young Senators and Presidents, and
the dainty baby mothers of Senators and Presi-
dents, washing, dressing and cooking for the lady
saints of the capital generally, and of Dr. Boyn-
tons church particularly with its peculiarly
loud professions, it would seem to us better
that he should leave all class and caste preach-
ing to the rebel priests and prophets who still
prowl through the South, and sometimes even
' steal into the North.
IS LABOR TO BE DIGNITY OR
DEGRADATION?
Honor and shame from no condition rise ;
Act wellyour part; there all the honor lies.
Tupto, in a late number of The Revolution,
tells the story of a woman who sought work closely
veiled, and says she was of that class called genteel poor,
who would rather die(!) than have it known by any-
body that they would descend to sewing even as a means
of ekelng out a scanty income. We are inclined to
think that the woman who would put forth both such a
plea and complaint as that, wanted the sum earned lor
some purpose not included in lifes necessaries.
Actual need destroys false pride and makes labor hon-
orable ; something to be sought for openly, and not by
stealth.
Then again, the woman who would rather die .than
have it known she worked for her living, shows & sad
disregard tor the reputation she tries to sustain in an un-
derhanded way, by leaving ber friends in doubt as to the
manner in which she procures the means necessary to
sustain it; is it notoar preferable to any right-minded,
thinking woman to be known as an independent worker,
than feel the askance eye of suspicion or doubt?
An unprincipled employer would be more than likely
to lake advantage of a person who would seek honest la-
bor in such a questionable manner, upon the sound sup-
position that the same feeling which governed'such an
action, would secure silence.
Hundreds of poor women in this city, educated and
tenderly nurtured in early life, would be glad to get work
which they could do, not to eke out the pittance of
only a thousand a year, but to be all in all to them by
replacing the crusts with a fresh loaf, or putting the
loaf on an empty shelf; and feel no shame in going for
such work unveiled. We earnestly suggest the propriety
of giving work to such, and rigidly withholding it from
the former class till their need dignifies the labor.
Although the want of good, wholesome independence
amongst women to do any and all just and necessary
things, is a fact to be both deplored and condemned,
still, individuals are not wholly responsible for it. So-
ciety, that something and nothing composed of and sus-
tivind mostly by women, is the hot-bed of rivalry wiiere
principles of false pride, false shame, and false show are
bred and instilled into the minds of each to the end of
prefering death to honest labor.
It leaves the imagination a wide range and correspond-
ing blank in the continunity of our remarks ; but when,
women cease to make the frivolities of dress the horizon
line of their mental range they will then be able to see
the injustice of their'exclusion from the ballot.
S. F. R.
Mb. Greeley furnishes the last illustration of the sage
remark of Josh Billings : When a feller gets to going
down Hill, It duz seem as tho everything had been
greeced for the okashun.
ORDINATION OF A LADY MINISTER AT
HINGE AM, MASS.
-------
Mrs. P. A. Hanapord Was ordained and in-
stalled pastor of the Universalist Society in
Hingham Feb. 19. A correspondent of the Bos-
ton Journal gives the following particulars of
the services :
The church was crowded with spectators, including
very many personal friends of the candidate, some of
whom came from great distances, to be present at the
services. Mrs. Hanafords name is familiar in almost
every household of New England, and to thousands in
all parts of the Union, as the author of several very ex-
cellent works, among which are the Life of Lincoln and
The Soldier Boyboth deservedly popular. The sweet
song, The Empty Sleeve, is also from her pen. She is also
the editor of the Ladies* Repository, a Universalist Maga-
zine ; of The Myrtle, a Sunday School paper, and is
farther well and favorably known as a most talented
lecturer on temperance and reformatory themes. '
Sermon and Right Hand of Fellowship by Rev. Olym-
pia Brown. Ordaining prayer by Rev. Elmer.Hewefct.
Rarely has a more deeply interesting or profitable
occasion been enjoyed by the writer than was experi-
enced this day. Every service was feelingly rendered,
and of the very large congregation present there were
few dry eyes during some of the more impressive and
solemn of the exercises.
WOMAN IN THE POST OFFICES.
The Stale Sentinel, Republican organ at Montgomery,
Alabama, under date of 19th nit., says that there are
more than forty ladies acting as Postmasters in that
state. The agent ot the Post Office department there
says-they are discharging their duties with groat
fidelity and promptness ; in no instance are they ever
behind in making their returns or paying over public
monies. Of cour?e efforts have been made to turn
them out, on account of their sex. Some oi the other
gender are always engaged in -such congenial tasks.
Through the exertions of Judge Gier, the aforesaid
agent, and the kindness of Gov. Randall, they have been
retained. There are a great many women now in charge
of Southern Post Offices. Most of them can take the
test oath, while competent men cannot in very many in-
stances. Did it never suggest itself to the editor of the
Sentinel and others of the party entrusted with the re-
organization of the South, that a person competent to
manage a Post Office may be fully equal to duties of
citizenship ? Recently we noticed that Judge Under-
wood complimented Mrs. Harper, a talented woman of
color who has been lecturing in the South, by saying
that she was doing more work for reconstruction than
any two men who were laboring in the same field. We
have waited with some interest to see the Judge take
steps in the Virginia Constitutional O&nvention, for the
purpose of making Mrs. Harper* the political equal of
at least one man.
EDUCATION OF GIRLS.
It is at least a hopeful sign that the attention
of so many of the best men and women through-
out the civilized world is turned to the subject
of womans education. Every good writer con-
tributes something valuable, and few writers
fail to say something, such is the public interest
already awakened. Some sharp criticisms upon
modern English life, written in a fresh and vig-
orous style, are contained in a book by Professor
DArcy W. Thompson, just published in Edin-
burgh, under the title of Wayside Thoughts.
On the subject of girls and womans reading
and thinking, he says :
The goal to which all a girls thoughts are directed,
from childhood upwards, is matrimony. In every tale
she reads the heroine is followed by her with absorbing
interest, as she pursues a tortuous pathway through two
entire volumes and three-quarters of a third to a Rosa-
mond's bower, in which is standing a clergyman in a
surplice. Now, surely, in the name of all that is logical,
if wedlock is thus to preoccupy all the thoughts of girl-
hood, it should be kept as carefully before the mind ot
boyhood as the goal of all ultimate endeavor, seeing that
wedlock is a condition that affeots one sex as much as the
other. Atall events, a woinan can never be married, but,
from the necessities of the case, a man must be.married
at the same moment. And yet we should regard with
unqualified and merited contempt a wrotch that should
maunder through a sentimental youth into manhood,
wasting his thoughts and energies ufion mawkish antici-
pations of connubial bliss. We feel intuitively that a
man should pursue some definite useful career, inde-
pendently of all connected with marriage ; and ho can
only win respect of himself and his fellows by the prose-
cution of a fixed and honest calling.
Why then should the world of usefulness be closed
against feminine aspirations? Why should all chance of
independence be deuied ? Why should the happiness of
half humanity be staked upon what, in seven cases out
of ten, is a matter of utterest contingency ? Why should
a man be allowed to push his way to fortune, and a wo-
man be compelled to wait until she be pulled into it ? It
would seem as though we had two separate creeds for the
two sexes, and believed in freedom of tbe will for man
and in fatalism for woman. There is an extremely beau-
tiful fairy tale, exquisitely handled by our Poet Laureate,
of a sleeping princess awakened by the true lover's kiss.
The story is thus far true in its suggestions, that warm
and reciprocated love throws a superlative charm into
tbe life of man or woman; but it is false if it suggests
that woman Las no duties or responsibilities of weight
anterior to wedlock, and no subsequent duties and re-
sponsibilities disconnected with her new condition.
MAID SEE VANT DRESSES IN ENGLAND.
The English papers are calling loudly for a
reform in the dress of their servant girls. Ladies
are scandalized at the near approach of these
girls to themselves in dress ; and as there is not
always difference enough in deportment and be-
havior to distinguish the different classes, it is
proposed to label the servants by a costume
that shall leave no room for doubt. The Lon-
don Saturday Review remarks very sensibly, if* a
little impudently, to the upper classes, that they
have a mote in tlieir own eye, and that the re-
form can be brought about m one way only:
The reaction in favor of a neat aud simple
style must come from above, and not from be-
lowin the way of example, not precept. When
ladies of fortune and position in England or
America cease to lavish their thousands on mil-
linery, their copyists in the nursery and kitchen
will cease to spend their wages on a similar ob-
ject. '
Gloucester, Mass.The newspapers tell of
great destitution in that usually flourishing
town, but it did not prevent our receiving from
them an encouraging list of subscribers to
The Revolution one day last week. We
earnestly hope to do something to prevent a
recurrence of the present tide of suffering now
sweeping over the land, for at least a century,
if not forever. Our nation has gone far in evil
doing and now reaps its reward, tho innocent
suffering with the guilty.
One Way to Do It.The New York Ti'ibune
said the other day that to elect a man to office
who deliberately gets drunk is to bring delirium
tremens into our legislation and to make the
preparation and execution of our laws uncertai q ,
wild and spasmodic. Now is the time for the
men who really believe in the virtue of temper-
ance to show their faith by their works. Let
us resolve to vote for no man who has not
strength enough to resist the temptation of
wine. An exchange intimates that this is a
specimen of Mr. Greeleys support of Gen. Grant
for the Presidency.
Kansas.From Lawrence and all parts of the state the
most intelligent, moral and truest women are asking
suffrage. It is fast being demonstrated that it is the ig-
norant, the weak, the vicious, and the caieless who op-
pose.


152
lUvflJtttitfi!.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK,. MARCH 12, 1868.
MAN THE USURPER.
In the February number of the Radical is an
a' Mcle by David Cronyn, which wo publish to-
day, under the head Woman as a Mendi-
cant. In many respects the argument is able.
and timely, though founded on two fallacies :
one, that woman does not demand suffrage ; the
other, that her helplessness and degradation are
not enforced like that of serfdom, peasantry,
or slavery, but a defect per se, in and of her-,
self. On the first point the writer says :
In the present New York State Constitutional Con-
vention, an. effort was made to secure to woman the
right of franchise. The committee on suffrage, Horace
Greeley, chairman, reported adversely. A leading, if not
the leading reason given for such report was, women did
not want suffrage, did not ask it The fact alleged is un-
deniable.
In the face of this undeniable fact, let us state
that at least ten thousand of the leading women
of New York, wives of judges, lawyers, editors,
clergymen, and merchants appeared as petition-
ers before the Constitutional Convention, de-
manding the light of suffrage, and many
proudly refused to sign the petitions, because,
said they, we will not humble ourselves to
ask of man what is our right. Among these
petitioners were such women as the sister of
Secretary Seward, the daughter of Thurlow
Weed, the wife of Horace Greeley, wife of Theo-
dore Tilton, wife and daughter of the Hon.
Gerrit Smith, wife and daughters of Judge
Daniel Cady, wife and daughter of the Hoh.
Charles Sedgwick, sisters of Gen. John Coch-
rane, etc., etc., showing that the leading women
in wealth, rank and intelligence in this State
now make the demand. In the very hour that
Horace Greeley read that unworthy report, the
Convention was all in motion with the innumer-
able petitions poured in from every part of the
state, asking suffrage for woman. We repudiate
the assertion, as not only insulting to us, but
opposed to the facts of the century. Woman is
waking up everywhere to the claims of the new
and higher civilization. When, in old monarch-
ical England, where the best minds are in a
measure palsied by the demon of caste, women
are rising up in their dignity, throwing off the
schackles of custom and demanding a voice in
the government, shall it be said that here, un-
der the inspiration of our free institutions,
the most enlightened minds in the country do
not know enough of the machinery of govern-
ment to demand their political rights? No, no ;
all this talk of woman not wanting suffrage is
like the old talk that the black man was con-
tented in slavery.
When New York abolished her prpperty quali-
fication for white men in 1821, did ten thou-
sand of that disfranchised class petition as we
did for the right ? When in 1848 and 1868 it
was proposed to abolish the property qualifica-
tion for black men, did ten thousand of that
class petition for the right? Woman has peti-
tioned more than all these classes put together,
and not in such humble tones either, that the
writer's of this day need complain that the wo-
men who-have fought this battle in New York,
and radically changed her legislation for women,
have not shown a proper pride and seli-respect
and power.
Horace Greeleys assertion was not true, nei-
ther was it his real reason for his action. That
suffrage committee decided in caucus before
giving us a hearing or counting our petitions,
to report just as they did!. The real reason for
their action was that the republican party could
not afford to make a new issue, with all the
other odious measures it had on hand. Wo-
man's apathy, is no greater than was that of
the white men in 1821, nor the black men in
1848, nor the two million plantation hands to-
day. We pray David Cronyn to grant us suffi-
cient intelligence in NeV York to understand
Horace Greeley, if we do not know enough to
demand the right of suffrage.
On the second point the writer says, in regard
to the enforced slavery of woman :
No, let her cease fondly comparing herself with the
negro. The latter is not honored by the comparison.
The cases have few points of analogy. He was helpless,
not for the chains that bound his limbs, but for those
which fettered his intellect, for the prison which walled
in his soul. Given freedom to the latter, the former had
long since been broken and flung to the winds. Woman
has the supreme condition of freedom and justice. That
condition is moral and intellectual liberty. Let her use
thiaT Let her act 1 Let tier act! But she does not act;
she complains. She does not work; she begs. She does
not demand; she supplioates.
In comparing the woman with the negro we
hut assert ourselves' subjects of law. It is not
in fondness but humiliation that we admit
our condition. The old adage, might makes
right, is the one law of violence, war, slavery,
oppression, injustice, that has thus far governed
the world, ^subjugating alike the weaker animal,
race and sex to brute force. In the infancy
of the race, as of the individual, passion and
power rule, until the waking moral nature
holds the animal beneath its feet. This being
the law of life, we by no means make man re-
sponsible for all the blunders and barbarisms
of his ignorance ; we only ask the nineteenth
century to shed the dead skin of the past, and
bring its customs, creeds, and codes into har-
mony with the higher civilization we are now
entering. Whether the negro is honored by-
comparing him with serfs, peasants, or women,
matters little so long as all are equally dishon-
ored in being thrust outside the pale of political
consideration.
The difference in the slavery of the negro and
woman is that of the mouse in the cats paw, and
the bird in a cage, equally hopeless for happi-
ness. One perishes by violence, the other through
repression. If the mouse escapes it is stronger
for the struggle ; if the bird escapes it perishes
in its native element.
There are many points of analogy in the con-
dition of all disfranchised classes. The fact
.that women and negroes have no voice in the
government is one strong point of analogy;
that women and negroes are taught obedience
to their white masters in the Bible is another ;
the fact that women and negroes have ever
been the slaves of white man, the one to his
lust, the other to his avarice, makes too many
points of analogy for woman to contemplate
without a deep feeling of indignation. But if
there are no points of analogy in the condition
of women and negroes, why did the white
man in his wisdom make the same laws for
both classes? Why are women and negroes
shnt ont of the colleges and professions to-
gether if there are no points of analogy in their
condition ? Why do the telegraphic wires bring
the news to-day that in Kansas and Iowa hence-
forth women and negroes are to be permit-
ted to practice law. We have stood together in
the laws and constitutions in our degradation,
why not together in our exaltation ? We rather
think from this passage that the writer is a re-
publican or abolitionist, which is about the
same thing, and wants black men to enter
the kingdom first. Woman, he says, has
the supreme condition of freedom and justice!
with the laws of barbarism on our statute books;
moral and intellectual liberty! shut out of
the world of work, Columbia, Harvard, Yale!
Harriet Hosmer the gifted artist knocked at the
doors of our eastern colleges for a course of
lectures on anatomy, but iu vain until she
reached St. Louis, in a slaveholding state! Lot
her act! She enlisted in the late war ; you dis-
missed her in disgrace, without pay. Let her
work! You will tell her where, and give her
half pay for obeying yon. Do women make the
laws and customs ? Theodore Tilton in his de-
mand is right, David pronyn to the contrary
notwithstanding. Let the usurper make volun-
tary restitution of one-half the universe to its
rightful queen, then talk of womans dutiesto
herself, to God, mid man. Mr. Cronyn says :
We repeat it respectfully and deliberately, there is one
great beggar in the world. It is woman as she is repre-
sented by the conduct of the pending issue.
This is cool talk for the usurper to-day, after
holding woman a victim under his heel for cen-
turies, legislating her property, wages, every-
thing into his own pocketafter all the seli-
denial and sacrifice of mothers, sisters and
daughters that man might be educated and ex-
alted. In your circle of acquaintances, reader,
can yon find one father who has made his sons
all toil that-a daughter might enjoy the advan-
tages of a classical education? left them in pov-
erty that she might be rich ? Can you find one
family of brothers who have voluntarily spent
their lives in drudgery, to give a sister an edu-
cation superior to their own? If there are such
cases they are rare indeed, while facts of life-
long self-denial on the part of mothers, daugh-
ters and sisters stand out at every turn. Where
have we ever seen a society of men formed for
the express purpose of educating poor but
.pious young women?
Yet we have not only done that in the past
for men, but every year our journals herald
many facts of women of wealth giving and be-
queathing large sums of money to boys schools,
colleges and universities, to the utter neglect of
their own sexa proof of womans lack of self-
respect. If women are beggars/they are made
so by the injnstice of men. As we understand
the demand of to-day woman asks no more
than the poor devils in the Scriptures asked.
Let us alone. Blot our names ont of your
statute books. We ask no special laws or con-
stitutions or customs for us. We are willing to
rough it with man, and abide by the same laws
he has made for himself. We have tried the
rights, privileges and immunities accorded to
negroes, and now we are ready to try the white
mans code. We ask no more than Diogenes
in his tub asked the intruder: Stand from be-
tween ns and the sun.
Shakspeare, in his Titus Andronicus, tells of
the kings beautiful daughter, whom rude men
seized, cut out her tongue, cut off her hands,
and then bade her call for water and wash her
hands. Not more unreasonable are the men
of our day, who bid woman go forward to take
the rights denied herto enter the colleges and
professions barred against herto express her


153
itu ijev0lut*0
opinions at the ballot-box and altar and fireside,
when law and Gospel {dike forbid it. No, man
can never know all that it costs every woman
who makes for herself a place to stand. It is
easy for man to go forward, for the universe is
his, by common consent, and woman is his pro-
perty, made for his pleasure. This is the com-
mon idea taught, men say, in the Bible, the
constitution and by the facts of life.
After further berating woman for her frivolity,
Mr. Cronyn says :
When she is serious, every department of effort
flings wide its doors to her. Mrs. Somervilles sex
stands not in the way of generous recognition and honor.
One embodiment of self-respect like Margaret Fuller is
a perpetual burning reproach to the universal effeminacy
of her sex. Anna Dickinsons presence and personality
on the platform, are infinitely more powerful for her
cause than her arguments.
Most magnanimous! You fling wide your
doors after woman is inside the citidel. After
Mrs. Somerville has educated herself outside
your universities and secured a place in the
world of science, and you cannot shut your eyes
to the fact, you give her generous recognition.
Margaret Fuller is a perpetual burning re-
proach to the men of Massachusetts, that the
sphere in which she moved was so narrow and
her labors in life so poorly paid or praised.
Over what a holocaust of wounded hearts and
reputations of noble women, over what labo-
rious years of argument and assertion Anna
Dickinson at last gained the height she holds,
those who have worked and watched and waited
know. Her personality may long make her po-
sition sure, but we need arguments still to show
others less brave, that her shining paths are
free to all*. One fact like Frederick Douglass,
was worth much towards emancipation, yet it
took thirty years of argument and four of
bloody .war, to open the eyes of this nation to
its injustice to his race. And though we have
multitudes of facts, we shall ply the argument,
until all women have a generous recognition
of their rights whether in science,, literature and
art, or the more humble employment of every-
day life. We ask generous recognition for
the pale, weary workers m our school-houses
and factories, in the garrets and cellars .of our
cities ; for the outcast burdened with sorrow
and guilt, and for the caged children of ease,
pining amid luxury for something to do.
Speaking of womans education, the writer
says :
There must be some serious defect iu our domestic
and educational institutions that furnish such an infe-
rior article of woman.
The supply is always suited to the demand.
The women of a nation are always moulded
after mans highest idea. For a quarter of a
century strong-minded women have been the
target for the soom and ridicule of politician,
priest and press in this republic; hence the
harvest of weak-minded ones, we all alike de-
plore to-day.
We fully agree with the writer in his estimate
of our female seminaries, but so long as woman
holds neither the purse nor the ballot, she can-
not bribe or vote the doors of Harvard and Yale'
open to her sex.
The writer further says : -
The agitators of Female Suffrage movement are
laboring under a peculiar difficulty. They are trying to
liit a dead weight with a minimum of power. They are
endeavoring to elevate woman against her own volition.
It is not so sure that political suffrage will prove a speedy
remedy for all her ills ; that, the ballot secured, the now
lifeless and inert mass will rouse and tend irresistably
to higher conditions.
Our difficulties are the same that John Bright
labors under in demanding suffrage for ignorant
Britons, the same Wendell Phillips labors un-
der in demanding saffrage for ignorant Africans;
but few of their clients know the priceless value
of the rights their champions claim. But the
cry of liberty is the mightiest power to galva-
nize dead souls to life, and freedom is their
native element; hence, when we work with na-
ture, progress, though slow, is sure. We do not
suppose that suffrage will end simoons, small-
pox or superstition, but it will secure political
equality, which our Fathers, who were wise men,
considered a great blessing. And believing the
old adage, that what is sauce for the gander is
sauce for the goose, we ask the privilege of trying
it, and we do not propose to let these crafty men
like David Cronyn, Wendell Phillips and 0. B.
Frothingham, shirk their responsibility in this
matter, under any plea of the supposed indif-
ference of woman to the question. It is your
business, gentlemen, to take down the barriers
your hands put up. Have you not found lifes
battle hard enough while all its paths to you
were free ? Are not the tasks that Nature gives
to all alike enough for our development, that
man should build his artificial walls to block our
way ?
The writer mourns womans lack of self-re-
spect. Where'shall she go, we ask, to learn the
fitting lesson?. To mans laws and constitu-
tionswhich from, Coke to Kent, degrade her
from a person to a thing ? To the Biblewhere
mans translations of holy words degrade Gods
laws to his desires, and make woman but the
creature of his will? To the facte of lifewhere
woman has reverently conformed herself, her
ways and will and wishes to mans creeds and
codes? Whatever class in life is ostracised, that
class is degraded in its own eyes, for equality is
the first condition of self-respect. When man
recognizes woman everywhere as his peer she
will set new value on herself, and not before.
The line of historical movement lies through Wo-
man's Suffrage. But will she accept it as alms or achieve-
ment? Shall it he a concession to her weakness, or a
victory to her strength ; a propitiation to her affection
or a conquest of. her character ; a deed of chivalry or of
extorted respect and justice? These are not unimport-
ant questions to womanly pride. Let her reflect upon
them. The .ballot is a moral educator even to whom it
comes unsought. But its benefioence is increased ten
fold to those to whom it comes in answer to their own
extraordinary seeking. $VA
We are in an attitude to take it both ways.
Those who have fought for it bravely twenty
years could take it now as an achievement;
those who have accepted the situation with
pious resignation could take it as alms. Neither
David Cronyn, Wendell Phillips, or O. B. Fro-
tlnngham, achieved the ballot by extraordi-
nary seeking; their fathers fought the battle,
they entered into the glory. The strong-
minded women, too, have fought our battle and
it is but just that our weak-minded should reap
the benefit. Why demand a more universal in-
terest of woman in politics than men have ever
manifested. .
But, in spite of his heresies, we are glad to hear
David Cronyn on this subject. We like this
berating and scarifying woman, it is better than
worshipping ns in the clouds as of yoro. Wo
are glad to have woman at last touch terra firm?.
Wendell Phillips bravely led off in this direc-
tion three years ago, and our best thinkers are
falling in line. This change of base is a good
sign. It is a confession of weakness on the part
of the usurpers, and argues a speedy surrender.
They know they are surrounded, cornered.
They cannot answer our arguments; no man of
common sense attempts it. Now, the question
is, shall they stand still and let us fire hot shot
on their devoted heads till they are annihilated
with a sense of their awful responsibilities or
shall t_ey spring to the battlements and turn
their guns on us ? We say, fire away, gentlemen,
but do not load too heavy lest your guns kick
and kill man instead of woman. e. c. s.
Petekboro, Feb. 28, 1863.
My Dear Cousin : I am glad to get your letter, and
to read in The Revolution that you had so pleasant
a time in Johnstown. * * * * *
You are maxing, with the help of my excellent friend
Pillsbury, a pungent and lively paper of The Revolu-
tion." I can but think that Train is a heavy load for you
to oarry. I was sorry you treated Garrison as you did.
He is truly a great and good man.
I am leading a quiet life, &s a man nearly seventy years
of age should.
Your affectionate cousin, Gbrit Smith.
Mrs. E. Cady Stanton.
We do not know what system of locomo-
tion is common in Madison County, but
in our high state of- civilization here in New
York the people do not carry the Train, but the
Train the people. G. F. Trains avoirdupois is
of little consequence to The Revolution so
long as he walks on his own legs, and carries it
on.his shoulders.
But young Hercules will, no doubt, willingly
shift his burthen as soon as our veteran reform-
ers, like Atlas of old, return to their duty.
LETTER FROM MISSOURI.
TWO WEEKS AT THE STATE CAPITAL.
Editors of ike Revolution:
I find that the agitation of the suffrage question daring
the political campaign of Kansas, last autumn, has done
much toward arousing the minds of people here, who
had perhaps never before given the subject a thought.
Missouri at that time wa9 watching the movements of
her sister state with deep interest, anxiously awaiting
the result of her great struggle for Womans Suffrage,
andnota tew felt a sincere regret in the defeat.
The great question now with the dominant party is
power ; all minor considerations are ignored to accom-
plish this object; and while they question the expe-
diency of the negro on their platform, is it surprising
that they shrink from woman ? When we reflect that in
this state all questions of progress are novelties, sprung
upon a people before they can be able to weigh any mat-
ter with proper consideration j we have every reason to
.be sanguine (judging by the present) of future success.
Scarcely one year ago the women of this state joined
themselves into a Womans Suffrage Association, and
shortly after their organization, sent a petition to the
legislature signed by some three hundred, praying that
the word male might be stricken from the state Con-
stitution. This was followed by the introduction of a
bill, in the form of an amendment to another bik then
before the House, which received thirty-nine votes.
This winter the same petition has been renewed, vrith
the addition of eight or nine hundred signatures, and
although a question of policy will probably exclude the
subject from all further consideration this season, stil
we cannot fail to observe the great progress which has
been made during the last twelve months. A writer
who has recently published a work on The New Re-
public, speaks in glowing terms of the brilliant
prospects of Missouri. He notes the influence which
Nature exercises on the souls of men. He assumes that
a lofty, mountainous country has. a tendency to inspire
with noble impulses and develop the higher qualities iu
man. He prophesies for the future of the great West a
high state of cultivation and civilization in the humau
race, which will eclipse, in poets, philosophers, states-
men, all that have ever walked upon the earth. Hence
we have every reason to look for great results in the
legislative halls of Missouri. During the present ses-
sion little attention has been given to anything beyond
the subject of railroads. It has been one of absorbing
interestin both houses at times creating considerable
excitement, and is indeed one ot vital importance to the
state; for on the successful operation of this principal
mode of transit, will depend, to a great extent, its future
prosperity. The Pacific railroad bill is now pending in
the House, and it is to be hoped its final disposition will
be such as to insure those improvements, of whicl^


154

i
there is a palpable need, whemeight hours are necessary
to pass over a distance of one hundred and twenty-five
miles, from the chief city to the capital. In all the state,
a more appropriate site could not have been selected on
which to build the capital. It might almost be called
the city of seveu hills. Although there are no elevations
ol great prominence, the surrounding country is one ol
continued undulation as far as the eye can reach. The
capital 19 beautifully situated, commanding an extensive
view from its dome, and can be seen at a long distance
up anid down the river, whose turbid waters wash tho
foot of its grounds. Nowhere in Missouri do we find
the romantic in scenery. Our Niagara, Hudson and
White Mountains are in no degree reproduced in this
state, but nature, in her freak of sobriety, has compen-
sated for the absence of surface, sublimity and gran-
deur, by an imbedded wealth, which promises to make
this the richest, if not the most flourishing state in the
Union.
Missouri has entered upon a comparatively new life,
shaking off the galling and oppressive shackles with
which slavery had sought to bind her and girding her-
self With noble purposes and fresh resolutions, she has
launched forth as a new state unfetteredfree! If the
men who stand at the helm are true to principle, firm in
their adherauce to the fundamental laws which they pro-
fess to have adopted as their basis, there need be no
fears ior results in the future.
The Radical State Convention for the election of dele-
gates to the Chicago National Convention, was held here
in the House of Representatives, on the 22d, the anni-
versary of Washingtons birtn-day. The assembly was
large and everything passed off harmoniously. They
adopted 'no platform and steered clear of all side issues
contenting themselves with an enthusiastic expression
of preference for Gen. Grant as the Presidential candi-
date.
WOMAN AS A MENDICANT.
BY DAVID CRONYN.
From the Radical.
In the present New York State Constitutional Conven-
tion, an effort was made to secure to woman the right of
franchise. The committee on suffrage, Horace Greeley
chairman, reported adversely. A leading, if not the
leading^eason'given for such report was, women did not
want suffrage, did not ask it. The fact alleged is unde-
niable. But its validity as a reason is questionable. To
our mind, it were wiser for the committee and -the con-
vention to aim to develop a sense of responsibility, a
seeking for it by imposing it. But the world is not up
to that. Constitutional Conventions do not regard it as
their function to educate public sentiment, but rather,
to gratify it. The fact of womans unconcern had its
weight with the committee and the convention, as it has
its weight with the world. The indifference of the great
mass outweighed the interest of a few. The pitiful
fraction of petitioners commanded no influential respect*
This is natural Men are still influenced more by con-
crete facts than by ideal theories ; more by action than
by apathy. Figures are forces ever in reforms.
However, we have to do here with the radical
import and not with the validity or invalidity of the
above reason. The case before the convention is an ex-
act type of the case before the country and the world.
A wide-spread and culpable apathy infficts woman. She
is insensible to her own condition. She does not want
suffrage, and does not want it because not aware of her
want. This is the most grievous fact of all. She is but
feebly interested in her own case. A half dozen cham-
pions are fighting her battles for her, and fighting them
bravely, let us admit. Her army is all generals. Evi-
dently she has more sympathizers and supporters in
the opposite, tbau in her own sex. She tightly cl :sps
the wrongs of which she complains. Hor protest is thus
far futile, because feeble. The old traditionary rule con-
tinues in three in default of her appearance in the court
* of appeal.
The popular idea of mans responsibility for womans
situation, contains only a partial truth. There are two
parties to the guilt. Man is one, woman is the other.
Nay, tiie latter is the greater. For, what extenuation
exists for her criminal inaction, which, more than any
other circumstance, perpetuates her bonds? Is it that
it is not for her to claim her rights, as man originally
usurped them, and should now make voluntary restitu-
tions ? This view involves a false conception of his-
toric facts. But if it were true, it is still, as a reason,
* Theodore Tilton, in Music Hall lecture on Woman
Suffrage.
palpably weak and inadequate. It simply counsels in-
definite submission to injustices which courageous
action might very speedily remove. It counsels an un-
masterly inactivity, Is it that she is rendered helpless
by enforced slavery? No, let her cease fondly compar-
ing herself with the negro. The latter is not honored
by the comparison. The cases have few points of ana-
logy. He was helpless, not for the chains that bound
his limbs, but for those which fettered his intellect, for
tho prison which walled-in his soul. Given freedom to
the latter, the former had long since been broken and
flung to the winds. Woman has the supreme condition
of freedom and justice. That condition is moral and in-
tellechaal liberty. Let us use this. Let her act! Let
her act! But she does not act; she complains. She
does not work ; she begs. She does not demand; she
supplicates. All this, while her own powerful self-
resources lie undeveloped. She appears on the steps of
the world as mendicant, complaining of mans injustice
and womans -wrong ; mans tyranny and woman's
servitude ; mans usurpation and womans helplessness,
and bogging, piteously begging, her rights I
We repeat it respectfully and deliberately, there is
one great beggar in the world. It is woman as she is re-
presented by the conduct of the pending issue. Dear
as her cause is to us, we cannot close our eyes to her
great complicity in the crime of her own personal, so-
cial, and political degradation. The radical difficulty of
her case lies deeper than statute law, than conservatism,
than physical weakness, than sex. It lies simply in her-
self. She invites and perpetuates all that she suffers.
She does this by her weakness of character, her feeble-
ness of intellect, her levity of soul, and, as the result of
all, by her fatal inaction. Doubtless her composition is
the partial product of our institutions. So is that of un-
just man, as for that matter. Yet, 'if there be such a
thing as freedom of will, she cannot he wholly despoiled
of it. In the active exercise of that freedom, lies her
salvation. Not anothers, but her own volition is the
vital need. The help she wants is self-help.
They who would he free,
Themselves must strike the blow. .
This is the divine condition of whatever enfranchise-
ment is worth anything. When it comes to that, woman
will find the world ready to fly to arms in her defence.
When she is just to woman, man will be just to her.
When she is truly respectable, she will be respected.
The fatal obstacle to Romans Amelioration is her want
of self-respect. Indeed, it is hard to resist the conclu-
sion that this is, in the ultimate analysis, the Pandoras
box of her wrongs. She respects everything save her-
self ; yes, respects herself as a personal, social, conven-
tional creature, but not as woman. This devitalizes her,
leaves her weak and impotent, kind, loving, humane it
you will, but yot weak and impotent, a prey to circum-
stances that knead her like a thing of dough, a prey to
accidents which destroy her individuality. In either
sex, self-respect is the condition of force and elevation
of character. It is emphatically so in woman. In any,
it is the surest means to the suffrage and honor of the
world ; it is supremely so in woman. She lacks it and
lacks all. She commands the praise, flattery, admira-
ation, love, and chivalry of men, but not their respect.
She commands man, but not his mauhood.
Various practical forms illustrate the evil of which we
oomplain. It is beheld in the sentimentalism which is
the characteristic and bane of female society ; in the
mean and abject servility to the caprices of fashion; in
herrunning to dress like an uncultivated garden-plot to
weeds ; in her absorption in gallantry ; in her devotion
to heartless artificial conventions ; in her absence of
high intellectual tastes and ambitions ? in her want of
self-masteryin a word, in her appalling and disastrous
disproportion of feeling of thought, of imagination to
judgment. Nut wholly without reason is her name a
synonym for frailty, fickleness aud superficiality. IJot
without reason is she still classed with children, ne-
groes, idiots, mid Indians. lake these, she is the sub-
ject of the sensational. Like these, she has literally a
savage passion for baubles and colors, tinselly and
tawdry ear-rings and finger-rings. With them, her vo-
cabulary is prolific in interjections and exclamations.
She is with them a creature of imitation. Her basis of
respect is external and not internal, is sense, and not
self.
There must be some serious defecj in our domestic
and educational institutions that furnish such an in-
ferior article of woman. They give us beings with all
surface accomplishments, hut being destitute of mental
. strength, thoughtful earnestness, dignified characters.
Our female seminaries are notoriously hot-beds of fe-
male sentimentalism. Our misses and ladies schools
give us too many misses and ladies, too lew wo*
men. The female product of our present educational
methods strikingly illustrate the theory of Prof. Baines
recent article in an English periodical, on the correla-
tion of the mental powers. In the prevailing stamp of
female mind, the will and intcllectare utterly swamped
and hurried away in a Niagara tide of feeling over into
that awful gulfher heart. There must be, we say,
some grave defect in tie instruments employed, that
society fails to get more of a higher type of woman.
But wherever the difficulty lies, whether in curriculum
or system, the great vital necessity still stands. The
characterless condition of female characters must be re-
moved, before any true and permanent amelioration is
possible. Until that time, woman cannot be just to
herself. Until then, sooiety will not be just to her. In
the nature of things, weakness commands love and
pity, not respect and power.
Womans way to empire is'through her will. The
world bears her no malice prepense. Her sex is no
misfortune, despite the drivelling of those who would
bring it into disrepute, or make it an excuse for her
vegetative conditions. When she is sericus, every de-
partment of effort flings wide its doors to hor. Mrs.
Somervilles sex stands notin the way of generous re-
cognition and honor. Physical weakuess proved no
obstacle to Madam Pfeiffers extensive travels afoot.
One embodiment of self-respect like Margaret Fuller is
a perpetual burning reproach to the universal effeminacy
of her sex. Anna Dickinsons presence and personality
on the platform, are infinitely more powerful for her
cause than her arguments. The latter are her propo-
sitions, the former, her demonstrations. She. was shot
at once on a political platform. Had she screamed and
fainted according to the fashion, the index-finger on wo-
mans dial-plate would have gone hack some years. But
she did not do either. Her womans strength was su-
perior to her sexs weakness. As if in contempt of her
sex, a very modest lady acquaintance of ours can beak
bread, shoot a gun. ride a horse, play the piano, solve
problems in calculus, read Demosthenes in the origioal,
write an essay and deliver it with force. Yet she is not an
exception to the radical capacity of her gender, but only
a departure from their ruling conduct. So it is. Aspi-
ration and ambition know no sex. When woman simply
does what she claims she can do, or ought to do, all the
gods are at her service. Despite mans usurpation, in-
justice, and tyranny, when did ever a woman appear
whom society did not honor ? Learning, talent, genius,
character, there in woman, as in man, when did they -
ever fail to command the respect and homage of the
world ? The law of moral and intellectual strength pre-
vails. Let woman prove herself strong, all gilts, rights,
and immunities will speedily gravitate to her.
The agitators of Female Suffrage movement are labor-
ing under a peculiar difficulty. They are trying to lift a
dead weight with a minimum of power. They are en-
deavoring to elevate. woman against her own volition.
It is not sure that political suffrage will prove a speedy
remedy for all her ills ; that, the ballot secured, the now
lifeless and inert mass will rouse and tend irresistably to
higher conditions. But granting this, how long must
the possessor of this instrument be delayed by the pas-
sivmess of woman herself? how long deferred by the
reproachful conduct of woman as a mendicant. In the
pending battle, the strategy of the field commanders
is just here open to criticism. Eagerly intent upon, the
objective point, they overlook the discipline of their
own forces. The real enemy is in their midst. Not
so, says a friend with whom we remonstrated for join-
ing in the clamorous cry o£her sex. Suppose all the Wo-
men in the United Statas should demand the rightof suf-
frage, could they have cast a single vote until man should
be pleased to let them? Reasoned like a woman,
one is tempted to say. It is only the fatal assumption
over again, the assumption of sex prejudice. Snch
reasoning is sophistical and far from broad. Man con-
trols the ballot, but not the conditions of its possession.
His pleasure in the matter is at her earnest kidding.
Let her make a general organized demand for the right,
and enforce the requisition not alone by numerical, but
by proper moral demonstrations. Granted even that he
ought to give the ballot without effort or interest on her
part. Yet if he will not, and the conditional effort is
withheld, where does the fault lie ? Our friend further
insists, with her sex, that man is responsible in this
matter, because it is mens opinions which govern wo-
men, more than womens which govern men. Very
true, this goes near the heart of the issue. It is woman's
degradation and shame that she has no opinions of her
own. There is, in the present constitution of society,
unjust as it is, no natural or inseparable artificial reason
ior her intellectual helplessness and dependency. The
taunt of the organic inferiority of the female brain takes
its rise in her self-faithlessneae. How long will she be
the pantomime of men no better than herself? Dr.


155
Win ship, when helplessly imposed upon by a fellow
student physically stronger than he, obtained justice by
quietly developing his strength, and then giving his
enemy the alternative of apology or chastisement. Is
woman intellectually weak, unable to cope with uDjust
man ? Then let her get strength, develop it, work for it,
aye, dig for it, and no longer be the inferior and depen-
dent she confesses herself. Let her cultivate intellect-
ual courage and independence. The world Is hers.
Books and brain and will are hers. A celebrated female
writer says of herself, that she took revenge on Fortune
by deserving tbe favor which Fortune did not bestow.
Let the woman of to* day take signal revenge on man by
at least deserving the privilege he does not give. To
this end, let the leaders of the woman movement change
their war cry, from the platitudinalphrase of mans
Injustice to the more needed and truthful alarm of
Woman's Apathy! Let them sweep her sex with a
storm of the red hot shell of argumentative indignation
and appeal. The fulcrum of reform is the conscious-
ness of its necessity. Let this consciousness be roused
in woman as well as in man. The line of historical
movement lies through Womans Suffrage. But will she
accept it as alms or achievement? Shall it be a conces-
sion to her weakness, or a victory of her strength; a
propitiation to her affection or a conquest of her cha-
racter ; a deed of chivalry or of extorted respect and
justice ? These are not unimportant questions to wo-
manly pr ide. Let her refleot upon them. The ballot is
a moral educator even to whom it comes unsought. But
its beneficence is increased ten fold to those to whom it
comes in answer to their own extraordinary seeking.
The reader will not mistake us. The original claim is
, granted, is advocated. The unequal applications of law
and custom are unjust. The vice of society here is that
it is striving to confine great natural forces to unnatural
channels. We sin against individual freedom by putting
purely personal tastes, proprieties and conventions into
Organic and arbitrary forms, into social, civil and po-
litical institutions. Societys should not is very well. So-
cietys shalt not is all wrong. Womans education, poli-
tics and profession are not the legitimate objects of
written statutes. Womans destiny? What petty
business! Let every man go to heaven in his own
way, said Frederic the Great. Let every woman go to
her destiny, in her own way. There is no royal road
thither, college charters and Pauline theology notwith-
standing. Let the laws of human nature have generous
scope! The forebodings of womans degeneracy are
puerile and irrelevant to the previous question. Has
she a right to personal freedom ? If so, let her have it
and let God take care of his own as He surely will. Let
her become what time, thought, and wise discussion, in
a word, what the inevitable law of human development
may make her, whether that be politician or parlor-
ticion, kitchen domestic or railroad engineer, weakling
or woman. The all-vital thing is an open field and fair
play. Mature knows no Salic law ; Society must know
none. It is as plain as plain can be that it is womans
right and duty to do
Whatever perfect thing she can,
In life, in art, in science.
But while allowing all this, we must, to the charge of
mans responsibility, return the counter-obarge of wo-
mans responsibility. The greatest obstace to her en-
franchisement, personal or political, is herself. Mo
artificial barrier opposes her which she may not beat
down, if she will, when she will- Mo opinion of mans
can stand before her womanly determination and achieve-
ment. Let her know her capacity and vindicate it.- Let
her know her rights and maintain them. We look with
bitter pain upon her passive sufferance of social shams
and conventions, which disrobe her of her aignity,
strike out her individuality, and consign her to moral
and intellectual impotence. She is the one all-powerful
reserved force of humanity. The time is ripe for the
play of that force. That it is yet comparatively inactive
lies somewhat in mans injustice, but more, far more, in
womans apathy. Let her act ! Let her act I
David Cbonyn.
Sir Walter Scott says, in Ivankoe, that the
youngest reader of romances and romantic bal-
lads, must recollect how often the females, du-
ring the dark ages, as they are called, were ini-
tiated into the mysteries of surgery, and how
frequently the gallant knight submitted the
wounds of his person to her cure, whose eyes
had yet nitre deeply penetrated his heart. If
women were M. D.s in the dark ages, it should
not be thought wrong or revolutionary in this
age.
it Involution,
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN ON WOMAN'S
SUFFRAGE AND THE POPE.
AN EVIDENT PAPAL BULL AGAINST TRAINS KANSAS
CAMPAIGN-r-THE great ovation at dungar-
VANTRAIN STARTLING THE MONARCHIES OF
THE OLD WORLD PROM A SLEEP OF AGESWHAT
OASSAR SAIDNATURE AND HUMAN NATURE.
The Augustinian Convent, )
Dungarvan, Feb. 18, 1868. f
Dear Revoluuion : Veni, Vidi, Vici. Na-
ture in volcano. Nature in an earthquake.
Nature in an iceberg floating in mid ocean.
Nature in a tornado in the Gulf stream. Nature
in a typhoon in the China Seas. Nature in a
thunder storm. The lightning bolt striking the
tree under which you have sought shelter. Na-
ture when two great armies meet under the
shock of battle. These all awaken the divinity
in man and inspire his soul with the grandeur
of the Almighty power of creation. Such a
thing as*an Infidel never existed.
human nature grander than nature.
Grand as is nature in the breaking of the
elements, there is nothing so grand, so majestic,
so terrible in its power as the. spontaneous out-
burst of a great soul, the outgushing sentiments
of a grateful people towards a country that
opened wide the door to their outraged kindred,
who, escaping from the despotic clutch of their
enemies, And themselves in the arms of their
friends. This great people love America more
than America loves herself. Read the Herald
and the Examiner to-day. Long letters have no
show in The Revolution. Short articles
only tell. So I refer to the journals for you to
editorialize the most remarkable of the many
ovations received on behalf of my country and
my people.
LETTER NO. THIRTY GOES TO THE WORLD TO-DAY
THE HOLY FATHER AT ROME IS AFTER US.
Those nine thousand Catholic votes, or the
majority of them at least Catholic, for woman,
have startled Rome into making a Bull. Bishop
Dupanloup of France has got the rap intended
for The Revolution. Never mind. Dont
be discouraged. The Pope is a jolly old brick,
and I will talk him out of it when I go to Rome;
and shall buy him a palace on the Hudson for a
Christmas present auyway.
THE POPES BRIEF ON FEMALE EDUCATION.
The Pope has addressed a brief to M. Dupanloup,
Bishop of Orleans, in which he compliments that Pro-
late on the position he has taken up with respect to the
education of girls. In this document his Holiness
says :
One of the plans which these writers in their cynical
daring have adopted is to pervert youth in order tiie
better to attain their object, which is the ruin of religion
and authority. They are now carrying out this plan
more perseveringly either by corrupting education cr by
insidious alterations of history, or exciting wicked pas-
sions, or by all the manoeuvres of a shameless impiety.
As the means employed hitherto affected males more
than females, and as,-for this reason, they did not attain
the object as soon as they wished, they now desire to
attack even woman, to deprive her of her native modesty,
to exhibit her in public, to turn her aside trom domestic
life and its duties, and to puff her up witn false and vain
knowledge ; so that she, who, if properly and religiously
brought up, would be like a pure and brilliant light in
the house, the glory of her husband, the edification of
her family, a fountain of peace and an attraction to piety,
will now, full of pride and arrogance, disdain the cares
and duties that are proper for woman, will be a germ of
division in tbe household, will pervert her children and
become a stumbling block to alL And, what is profoundly
deplorable 1 those who are entrusted with public duties,
disregarding this peril which menaces society no leas
than religion, favor the schemes of impiety by strange
and unheard of projects, and thus with the most ex-
treme imprudence assist in the ruin of society which
has already begun.
WHAT BULLS ACCOMPLISH.
The Bull against the Fenians made the or-
ganization a great power, and the Bull against
woman will only make our cause the more
prolific. The Catholic church itself is based
and holds its power for eighteen hundred years-
on the grand idea of the Immaculate Conception
of a woman. Mary the mother of Christ. Was
it a woman that sold our Redeemer for thirty
pieces of silver ? Was it a man that was first at
the sepulchre? Has the Pope forgotten his
noble mother? Would he have been so good
and great a man had not that exalted lady been
an educated woman ?
The Catholic priests are the best educated
men in the world. Have their mothers nothing
to do with that education ? The Pope has done
us a great service. Nothing so stimulates the
milk of Human Progress as a Bull from the
Papal See. Sincerely,
George Francis Train.
MR TRAIN UP IN THE HOUSE OF
COMMONS.
lord mayo admits that he was arrested by
ORDER OF GOVERNMENT.
Cork, Feb. 19.
Dear Revoluton : Lord Mayo comes to
time. There is one thing about these Dress
Circle men ; they .own up square when in a close
point.
MR. TRAINS ARREST.
In reply to Sir C. OLoghlen,
The Earl of Mayo said that there were persons now
in custody, who had been so since the act was suspended.
The longest period was one year and eleven months,
and of the ninety-six persons now in custody, only six-
teen had been arrested, and only four had returned
from America, after having been released. With respect
to the arrest of Mr. Train, the police had orders to
watch carefully all the arrivals from America, and arrest
all persons whom they believed to have come for the
purpose of promoting sedition or rebellion. In Mr.
Trains baggage was found a number of papers chiefly of
his own speeches, but itmust be recollected that, previous to
his departure, he had delivered at a Fenian meeting very
violent speeches, and there was every reason for thepolice to
believe that he came over to aid the movement. The police
had acted strictly in accordance with their instructions
and their duty. On Mr. Train giving an understanding
that he had not come over to aid the Fenian movement,
he was at once set at liberty. *
After a few words from Mr. Darby Griffiths, the bilk
was read a second time.
Tbe government organ here before said, it was
local police, now see what it says :
From the Constitution.
We aro glad to see that government ate not shifting
the responsibility of Trains arrest on the police. The
police (says Lord Mayo) had acted striotly in accordance
with their instructions and their duty. So we said
ourselves at the beginning, and so Ministers say now.
NAGLE DEFENDED BY MR. TRAIN.
Sligo AssizesThe Fenian Prosecutions.The as-
sizes will commence on the 25th instant. JudgesKeogh
and Fitzgerald. The Attorney-General and Solicitor-
General will attend to prosecute Captain Magle, who
was connected with the treasonable expedition of the
Jacbnell privateer that sailed round our coast in summer
last, two men of the crew having landed at Streeda, and
a General Bourke paying this town a visit at the same
time. Magle, who is an alien, will be tried by a jury
composed of half foreigners. Four others of lesser
note belonging to the same vessel will also he tried here
if the time allowed he sufficient. Accommodation is
being provided here for a troop of dragoons (40 men)
and two additional companies of soldiers (120 men) to-
gether with 100 policemen.Sligo Independent.
Shall defend Nagle if the government per-
mits. I think I can clear him.
'truly, George Francis Train,


156
EXTRACT PRIVATE LETTER FROM
(IEORGEFRAECIS TRAIN.
On the road from Dublin to Cork, )
Sunday, Feb. 23,1868. |
Dear Mrs. Stanton : * Thanks for
kind words on arrest. Your Revolution in
America is making Revolution in Europe.
Great paper. Well edited. P. P. means Powder
Parrot. E. C. *S Erin Columbia Semiramis.
Have Revlutions to No. 5February 5fch.
Hammer away on moralsTemperance, So-
briety, Infanticide, Delirium Tremens. Terrible
broadside that on Garrison. He must have
howled. Fire proof as lam against abuse,
praise, avarice, wine and woman, I must say I
should not wish to be your target. Satire kills'
more than forty yards.
Miss Susan, your school-girl manager and
proprietor, seems to be renewing .her age.
That green above the red idea of the little
Irish girls is indeed Revolution.
Sir Thomas Larcom, General in chief of all
the devils in Ireland, has written Lord Mayo
commander of all the devils in England, under
Derby, for my Revolution pamphlets.
Regards to woman sincerely,
^G. F. T.
FINANCIAL FACTS FOR TEE PEOPLE.
The following article is from a gentleman
whose moral worth and long and large financial
experience (not to speak of his great wealth),
entitle him to attentive and thoughtful perusal:
Property in United States bonds is not taxed. The
present system is most unequal, unjust and oppressive ;
and while the legal tender greenback is a great boon, and
the best currency ever devised, the bond system is most
ruinous, and is operating to dwarf our resources, to
loosen the rivets, and to weaken all the bonds of society.
It will overthrow and politically annihilate the party
which shall perpetuate It, endangering meantime the
very foundations of the Republic.
Look at the facts : Bonds pay six per cent, interest in
gold, and taking the average premium for the past four
years, equals four per cent, j then allow three per cent.,
the average taxation which other property bears, and we
have a total of thirteen per cent. Alarge portion of this
is drawn from the people who hold no bonds. A por-
tion of the United States bonds, purchased when gold
was worth 200, and up to 290, actually pay on the same
principle twenty-five per cent, annually for every gold
dollar invested, and it is proposed to perpetuate this sys-
tem indefinitely. A sop is to be thrown to the people
by reducing this interest one per cent. The Govern-
ment of the United States is run in the interestof bond-
holders. * * * * * *
To-day the Senate is about to enact a system of fund-
ing the debt, giving away the'rights, mortgaging the la-
bor and property of the people on usurious terms. Be-
fore the war, money was glad to remain free from taxes
at about 4X< per cent. ; and on what principle has it a
right to more now ? Shall bondholders bear none of the
burthens incident to a great national calamity; is theirs
the ontyinterest to be saved; is all the opppressive
weight to rest upon shoulders least able to bear it ?
Take the average population in each one hundred75
are clerks, laborers, or otherwise employees, dependent
for support upon bone and muscle, bearing no share in
profits or losses in business. This class have no houses
or lands, and few if any bonds to-day; to them the
question of government i9 such as will give employment
at fair wages and an equal chance in the race for ad-
vancement. Twenty more, making 96 of the one hun-
dred, are in some way men of business, including for-
mers whose ventures and whose opportunity for the
profitable use oi their real property insure employ-
ment to the 76 and ultimate value to the otherwise idle
capital of the other fivefile bondholders.
These twenty have no bonds, the only security which
will command loanstheir property is practically value-
less. The present system ignores them, they are bor-
rowers, not lenders ; their necessities should enter into
every scheme of financeas they prosper so will the
country. Before the war this class received and gave
credit, and thus trebled their business, using thousands

of millions of credits, in the form of book accounts and
notes of band, which kept the machinery of commerce
and labor in motion and gave prosperity to the country.
The war broke up this system, and witn it the entire
system, bad though it was, of State banks, leaving the
country to depend upon gold and silver, which never
can return as circulation while our sixteen hundred
millions of foreign indebtedness remain.
The people, therefore, look only to greenbacks as a
currencya circulating medium. And what is pro-
posed ? Just this : to limit its issue within the bounds
of about half the average direct taxes imposed to carry
on national, state, and county governments ; not enough,
we say, if equally divided among the people, to meet
half their tax bills.
England has a circulation of twenty-five dollars to
each person. Six hundred millions of currency is
fifteen dollars to each one of our population of forty
millions ; not enough for the peoples pocket change and
postage money, or to buy coffins for the dying. Give
our enterprising citizens only the same amount as old
England doles out to her impoverished people, and it
will then reach one thousand millions of greenbacksa
sum altogether too small, as we will soon discover when
the incubfis of our present deplorable system is re-
moved. One thousand millions of greenback circula-
tion saves just so much interest as six per cent, in gold
of the retired bonds. Sixty millions in gold or eighty-
four millions in currency is a sum of sufficient magni-
tude in itself to justify an intelligent discussion of the
question, ******
Equalize the now criminally imposed burthen upon
the mass of the people by a just system of taxation.
Compel property in bonds to bear taxation in proportion
equal to that imposed upon other property.
* * * * .
We want an extension of legal-tenders. We want, and
the demand is for, a more equal division, and it must
come. Specie payment is certain to follow in the right
time. We want labor, and money to pay for labor; and,,
as surely as the Lord livth, if it is not granted we shall
see greater desolation and destruction than we have
ever yet witnessed. There is not money enough in the
cotton-growing states to pay for its cultivation alone, to
say nothing of rice, sugar, and other productions, as
well as the other numerous resourcesmining, canals,
railways, etc. *****
Issue a 3.65 convertible bond, as proposed by Silas
M. Stillwell. It wul at all times absorb auy redundancy,
and the thing will regulate itself. Capital, under this
just system, will come out from its hiding places and
enier into the business of the people, who will then and
thereby transform an intolerable oppression into a wel-
come blessing-betting the two million of idle people at
work, and at file same time removing a most dangerous
element in a season of great political excitement.
Seven hundred and fifty thousand idle people in the
North and one and a half million in the South, if em-
ployed, would average one dollar 'a day. This is six
hundred millions a year. Add two hundred millions to
keep these idle people from starving and dying, if we
are to allowthem life at all, and this eight hundred mil-
lions would pay off our whole national debt in less than
four years. Contemplate, besides, eight hundred mil-
lions of yearly taxes. Why should we not inaugurate an
American policyone adapted to our country and form
of government? Let the people no longer be deluded by
the cry of politicians, from either end of the Avenue.
Both political parlies are alike guilty ; both will at-
tempt to shield themselves by charging the crime upon
the other. There is no greater error which men in-
power commit than when they attempt to palm off their
fpiserable selfishness for patriotism. Is there any na-
tional honor or patriotism- in ruining ninety-five of the
people to promote the special interest of the other five,
and thereby sink the nation itself into insignificance ?
* * *. * *
I want the South to have its equal chance with the
North, then we will begin to meet as friends. Impover-
ishing a country or a nation i& by no means a safe way.
Let the East look to this system of unequal circulation
as now existing, when it is the common expression that
there is no money in the South, none in the West, and
ask is it not suicidal to the East It will require no far-
seeing prophet to foretell the result, nor how it came.
The question to-day is money and labor ; and we must
meet it and meet it too, upon the platform of substan-
tial justice. u. h. D.
Washington, Feb. 28,1868.
One dress-making establishment in Boston
has adopted the French fashion, and a male
modiste fits the garments of its lair customers.
LITERARY.
An Appeal for Impartial Suffrage. Bt a Law-
yer of Illinois.
Mankind are all by nature free and equal;
'Tis their consent alone gives just dominion.*
Zturicomb's Junius Brutus.
This is a well printed pamphlet of nearly a hun-
dred pages, and so far as we have had time to examine
it is one of the very best works on impartial suffrage yet
produced. In about twenty brief ohapter9 it disposes of
the whole question, statement of positions, argument,
answer to objections and conclusions. It was published
in Chicago by the Western News Company. Price per
single copy, thirty cents. We have only two regrets
about the work ; one. is that there is not also a much
cheaper form of it for a perfect snow-storm distribution ;
the other that we havnt it for sale at the office of The
Revolution. We earnestly hope for a speedy removal
of both these difficulties. As we are constantly receiv-
ing calls for tracts of this description from every west-
ern and some of the southern states, it affords us great
pleasure to thus announce as well as recommend this
eloquent and able plea for Impartial Suffrage, in The
Revolution meaning of those words.
A Manual of Instruction in the art of Wood En-
graving. By S. E. Fuller. Boston : Joseph Watson.
This too, in a very important sense, is a plea for wo
man, for whose truest and best interests the author
shows file profoundest regard. The mauual is a truly
pretty pamphlet of forty eight pages ; and is a descrip-
tion of the necessary tools and apparatus, and concise
directions for their use, with definitions of the terms
used and the methods employed for producing the vari-
ous classes of wood engravings. There are also numer-
ous fine illustrations by the author of the work. .To
families where there are boys or girls, or both, and a
taste for art, or relish for its culture, this little manual
must be a welcome visitor.
The Northern Monthly is a magazine of general litera-
ture now in its second year and a suitor for public favor.
We are in receipt of the March number containing
among other valuable articles a sketch of the life oi
Benjamin Lundy, by Dr. E. A. Snodgrass. The relations
between Mr. Lundy and liis friend Wm. Lloyd Garrison
are treated by the Doctor at considerable length. The
Northern Monthly is by M. R. Dennis & Co., 132 Nassau
street, New York, and 248 Broad street, Newark.
. Every Saturday. Ticknor & Fields, Boston, keep Every
Saturday strictly a9 do the Jews. We may get tired of
praising, but sha:l not soon oi reading it. $5 a year, ten
cents a single copy.
Editors are having hard times everywhere. They
fine them a dozen or so at a time in France, imprison
them in,Ireland, buffet and kick them out ot conven-
tions in the Southern monarchies, assassinate them in
Mexico, and starve them in Spain. Wonder when our
time for special punishment will arrive.Troy Press.
Our colleague, Mr. Pillsbury, has been neither
fined, starved, buffeted, kicked, imprisoned or
assassinated. No doubt this is partly due to the
protection secured him by Association with
strong-minded women, and partly to the /em-
itting style of his editorials, owing to his early
education in the Troy Female Seminary. Ten-
nysons Princess perchance is a fact of life.
Wendell. Phillipss Great Victory.Wendell Phil-
lips is out in an exultant double-leaded editorial in hie
Anti-Slavery Standard to-day, claiming in effect that the
success of the Impeachment conspiracy, thus far is his
work.
But for the energy of the radical wing of the repub-
lican party, he says, the resolution would never have
gone through the House.
Wendell is right. It is he that supplies the radical
party with brains, and though he boasts that he is usually
about a year in advance of that party they never fail to
come up to his platform.
Negro Political and Social Equality is the next thing
Wendell is after. Unfit that is achieved the rebellion
will never be suppressed. *
It may take a year to get the republicans, as a party,
up to Social Equalitybut as things are going now,
many have doubts.N. F. Evening Express.
You are mistaken, Express, about Wendell be-


157
.Sttfftlttiitftt,
MODERN LADIES OF LYONS.
The New York Evening Fost says : A few
weeks ago a number of ladies in Lyons, France,
sent a printed address of sympathy to Gen. Gari-
baldi. The General replied by a letter, through
the coltuns of the liberal journal of Lyons,
called Le Frogres. Upon this a number of noble
dames, belonging to the Church party, pub-
lished a bitter and insulting article in the cleri-
cal organ of Lyons, the Courier, demand-
ing the names of these revolutionary ladies,
for purposes of social ostracism, probably.
Nothing daunted by the prospect of possible
exclusion, the fair republicans responded by the
following neat epistle ini Le Frogres:
Lyons, February 11, 3868.
Me. Editor : A letter published last Saturday in the
Courier, and signed Many ladies of.Lyons, takes the
signers of the address to Garibaldi insultingly to task for
that document. Be kind enough to lend ns the columns
of Le Progres for our reply, which, we trust, will satisfy
our noble interrogaters.
Ws, mesdames, are the mothers, sisters and daughters
of those men who, in 1868, sent to the Corps Legislatif a
poor lawyer named Jules Favxe, whose French seems to
be purer than that of Vade or VeuiUot. Every one to
his taste, you know, mesdame6. We are, also, the mo-
thers, sisters and daughters of thof e men Who, last au-
tumn, carried the local elections, which your journal no
doubt remembers. - * * *
You bave sent money to the Pope, you say. Well, we
have not been angry with you for that. We have only
thought to ourselves : So much money wasted, and l'elt
sorry for the pockets of your gallant husbands. Foolish
daughters of Eve! you have merely obeyed your in-
stinct of vanity, and, hesitating for a time between the
last new bonnet and the papal demonstration, have
finally decided in favor of the pontifical zouaves. It was
in the fashion, and a nice thing to do; therefore, you
looked no further.
As to your cudgels [it seems the popish ladies had
spoken of personal chastisement], these are, apparently,
the logic of your social system, the only one, doubtless,
within your comprehension. In logic, as in other mat-
ters, people think and act according to their means and
associations.
With us language borrows no force from knotted
clubs, nor from flexible switches; we reply simply upon
common sense.
(Signed) Mesdames Barbet, Berlioz, Dttchene,
Damien, Millet, Nesme, etc. etc.
The defenders of the Pope have not as yet
replied to this pithy episth.
State of Society in Cork.To show the
effect of English oppression in Ireland^ we give
the follow big headings to as many separate ar-
ticles which appeared in the Cork Weekly Her-
ald of February 15th, and all of which relate to
Fenianism: The Recent Arrests in the City.
Conflict With the PoliceOne Man Shot. At-
tempt to Assassinate Policemen. Monday
Nights Disturbances. Stone. Throwing at the
Police. Another Attempt to Shoot Police in the
City. Robbery of Firearms. Terrible Times.
Disturbances in the city. The Feniaii Prose-
cutions.
And yet they tell us Ireland has no wrongs.
OUR AGENTS.
Mbs. B. B. Fischer, 923 Washington et., St. Louie, Mo. -
Mrs. A. L. Quimby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mrs. H. M. F. Brown, Chicago, 111.
Mrs. G. L. Hildrkbband, Fond Du Lac, Wie.
Mrs. Julia A. Holmes, Washington, D. C.
Miss Maria S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
8. G. Hammonp, Peterboro, N. Y.

Financial and Commercial.America vei'svs
EuropeGold, like our Coilon, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic~
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fancier and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilised to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omakato San Francisco. Mwe organized.
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labot\ If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedmanys Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. X.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street*
The talk is all about Erie and injunctions, and the
GREAT RAILROAD WAR BETWEEN DREW AND KEEP,
AGAINST THE VANDERBILT PARTY.
The talk is that Drew got rather a sharp point on
Frank Work, in
JUDGE BALCOLMs INJUNCTION
on bim and the Attorney General, Chat Frank Work is
going to set the
ALBANY LEGISLATURE TO INVESTIGATE
the Erie Companys affairs. The talk is that if the same
Legislative Committee that reported on Pacific Mail re-
ports on Erie, where will Erie go to ? that
TACHTC MAIL WAS KTT.T.KT)
dead as mutton by the Albany Legislative Committees
report, that
ALLAN MLANBs AND HOWARD POTTERS OATH,
that it was cheap at 150, that Paoific Mail could not stand
that, and tumbled 60 per cent. The question then is if
the Albany Committee knocked Pacific Mail 60 per coni,
how mudh
WILL IT KNOCK ERIE'?
The talk is that
ing ahead of the republican party ; he has been
on their platform ever since the war begun.
We do not blame him for sitting down to rest
in pleasant, conservative bowers a little while.
This going ahead over untried bridges and
through deep waters alone forever is hard work,
6ven for the noblest and most daring natures.
The Revolution Appreciated.A lady,
writing from Western New York, says : I think
The Revolutions too good to keep. They
are needed ; so I shall send mine to my friends.
Every one wants to read them. I am more than
satisfied. Mr. J. is much pleased with it. He
would read me Garrisons letter and the reply ;
said it was too good. I was surprised, as he
always thought so much ot Garrison.
A number of boys wanted to carry the Troy Daily
Press.
We have noticed this advertisement for some
time in^the Press, and infer that boys are scarce
in Troy. Why not advertise for girls ? The
Revolution has half a dozen girls, gaily
dressed, with red and green caps and skirts,
who sell a dozen papers where ragged boys do
one. Madame D£morest will furnish this beau-
tiful costume for twenty-five dollars each, and
we assure you, Mr. Press, it pays to make half
a dozen poor girls comfortable as well as orna-
mental to the city. In all things we need a
Revolution.
NEW HAMPSHIRE WOMEN.
An intelligent correspondent of the New Yorli
Eveniny Post, writing from Concord, N. H., on.
the present political agitation there, says :
Everyman and woman in New Hampshire appears to
have been born a politician. A sketch of the character-
istic features of a political canvass m New Hampshire,
in which no mention was made of the women and the
part they take in it, would be as incomplete as a version
of Hamlet in which that philosophical prince was omit-
ted. The interest felt by the voting population in the
triumph of principle, is scarcely greater than that
evinced by their wives and daughters, whose part in the
contest is restricted to the exertion of a silent but pow-
erful influence. In conversation on general topics, the
New Hampshire women show much intelligence, and
more accurate information than is commonly found
among the representatives of a sex that is elsewhere ac-
cused of jumping at conclusions, rather than of ar-
riving at them by the usual inductive process. Their
political principles are as saored to them as their reli-
gious creed, and most of them are fully able to defend
themselves and then: position against ihe logio or the
sophistry of thosd who differ with them.
At the mass meetings a liberal portion of the hall is.
exclusively devoSed to them, and on occasions of ordi-
nary interest they attend in strong loree, listening atten-
tively and applauding warmly. It is possible that much
of the order and decorum characterizing these gather-
ings is attributable to the restraining influence of their
presence ; and certain it is that what is so fully recog-
nized and countenanced by the ladies must over be free
from much that make political associations so corrupt-
ing and demoralizing In their tendency in many parts
of the country. If the long-sought franchise is ever
given to the women of America, it will be a satisfaction
to know that, in one state at least, they will vote as intel-
ligently and judiciously as many who claim the ballot as
one of their fixed and inalienable rights. t.
Leap Year Forever.Mrs. Oakes Smith,
without distinction of time, and in utter disre-
gard of the old Saxon Leap year law, announces :
I stand to the point, and nail my colors to
the mast in defence of itthat it is right,
proper and delicate for a woman to choose her
husband ; and the man thus distinguished by
her choice will feel himself ennobled and sanc-
tified.
A Salute.Hail, hail, true friends of liberty,
firm advocates of progression! Your Revolu-
tion'is a sound!, practical Reformer, standing
unequalled in the dissemination of justice. Its
integrity for truth is glorious ; may its rising
star never set but in millennial triumph.
M. T.
Twelve newspapers in Michigan, and fourteen in
Wisconsin are advocating Woman Suffrage. The two
leading, ablest and most influential papers m the North-
west, tiie Chicago Republican and St. Louis Democrat, are
doing good worK for the same cause.
CLEWS IS WELL POSTED
in Erie, and hits the bulls eye every time, that he bought
stacks of it at 65 to 67, and the question is
WHEN IS HE GOING TO SELL ?
The faltr is, what is the matter with tho Vanderbilt
stocks ? Why are people selling them and buying West-
ern railroad stocks7
WHAT IS UP IN TOLEDO AND WABASH ?
Why are the Express companiesbrokers buying Tole-
do & Wabath and some of the
VANDERBILT BROKERS ?
The talk is that all the Western roads are a purchase,
that many of them are good for a


158

TWENTY TO THIRTY PER CENT. RISE
this year, that all the national progress is forced into the
Western States as the only outlet until the Southern
States are reconstructed and in a settled condition. The
talk is that
ROCK ISLAND TRACY
has got the inside track of that affair, and will build the
road to Omaha. The talk is that
BILLY MARSTON AND MviCEARS
have given up Ohio and Mississippi as a slow coach, and
h#ve taken to water in
UNION NAVIGATION COMPANY,
which they are running for friend Trask, and the ques-
tion is where will they.run it to ? The talk is that Billy
MARSTON CONSULTED HIS FRIEND JEROME,
t ,
and Jerome told him that he had found, the water
cure, a
SOVEREIGN CURE FOR DEAD DUCES,
and that he had better try it on Union Navigation, that
he had tried it on everybody knd everything he could,
and that he had always found it work well for himself,
but he was not quite so sure about his friends, that
MARSTON TOOK JEROMES ADVICE AND WATERED
UNION NAVIGATION
four times, so that 20 now is as good to Billy as 80 was
last year, and the public wont be a bit the wiser until
THEY DROP THE GREENBACKS.
The talk is that the capitalists
WHO HOLD CUMBERLAND COAL
are going into the Hydropathic business also, that they
intend to
WATER CUMBERLAND COAL
and float the diluted article od the confiding public that
the public may find that coal burn them. The talk is
that Drews broker last week gave
ms check for $5,000,000
to a firm who gave $4,000,000 in one check
FOR PURCHASES OF ERIE,
that Drew is all snug and long in Erie, although
FISK k BELDEN
and all Uncle Daniels other friends arc short on the
point he gave thorn. The talk is that
UNCLE DANIEL SAYS
that them critters aint reasonable in expecting him to
make money for them, that
' AARON WHEN HE STUCK
his Israelitdsh brethren and cornered them on the gold,
en calf, looked out only for himself and not his friends-
that a
CHRISTIAN METHODIST CANNOT
be expected to be anything better than a Hebrew Pa-
triarch, that this ere Erie is a big thing, and that
FRANK works RAPACITY
bothers him. The talk is that
GROESBECK HAD 12,000 AND 18,000
shares of Chicago and North Western common stock
transferred to his name on the companys books last
week, and the question is
WHAT DOES IT MEAN ?
Is Drew going into North West, and
KEEP INTO ERIE?
What is the Vanderbilt party going to do to get a con-
tinuous connection with
NEW YORK CENTRAL TO THE WEST ?
The talk in mining circles is about
JONES, FROM UP THE HUDSON,
better known as
QUARTZ BILL JONES.
This individual stuck all his friends with Quartz Hill
about $2, and then made himself scarce. He is still in
the city, but is evidently
AFRAID TO SHOW HTMftWT.'B*
1 jke a man in stock circles. He bas been a frequent visi-
tor at
JUDGE NELSONS OFFICE
of late, and it is said he is applying for an
OFFICE AT THE CANAL BOARD,
and that the Secretary of State has actually endorsed
him. The talk is that he is after
JUDGE BARNARD FOR HIS ENDORSEMENT,
that both of the Judges had better look out for him, and
inquire into his
RECENT WALL STREET OPERATIONS
%
on Quartz Hill. Chapman knows hire, and a good many
.of
drakes CUSTOMERS,
also, the talk is, Wonder if these individuals would en-
dorse him for any position where he would have to
HANDLE THE CASH ?
The talk is that, Jones would make a first ra te collector
on the
CANALS, THAT IS FOR JONES,
The talk is that everybody hopes the cash belonging
to the state wont stick as fast to his fingers as that
Of his friends if
. JONES GETS HIS CLUTCHES ON IT,
that the canal revenues wont grow any bigger under
Joness administration. That the gentlemen of the Bench
and Canal Board had belter
LOOK OUT FOR JONES.
That Jones is called Bones at home, that he is a sanc-
timonious looking and very pious Bones. That Jones
refers for honesty and integrity to
CHAPMAN, NELSON TAPPAN, RANDALL, DRAKES CUS-
TOMERS, KEEN, GILLEY AND GERMOND, AND
JOE GAY. *
That if any member of the Canal Board inquires about
Jones ot any of the above parties, that he will be sure
of an appointment as
COLLECTOR ON THE CANALS,
or something else. The talk is about the
GREAT BANQUET,
to be given at Delmonicos in 14th street on Thursday,
March 19, by the
SOCIETY FOR THE CENTRALIZATION OF GREENHORNS
SPONDULIX.
The talk is that all iho clique leaders will be there and
that they have
, INVITED TONY MORSE
to join them. The talk is that Tony Morse has accepted
the invitation and will be there, that
THE CHEQUE LEADERS
are in a fix, that the
BANES AND CAPITALISTS ARE FRIGHTENED
at the democratic victories, that they fear' the demo-
cratic party will elect the next President, and that con-
traction and specie payments will be their financial
policy and a
GRAND SMASH
will send prices down with a run. The talk is that the
banks and capitalists have told the cliques that they
MUST SELL AND REALIZE
before the presidential nominating committees meet m
May, that the clique leaders have been trying to
UNLOAD AND STICK THE PUBLIC
for a month past, that they find the public wont he
stuck. The talk is that the
CLIQUE LEADERS IN DESPAIR
have sent for Tony Morse to suggest some plan by which
they can unload and stick the public, and pay their loans
to the banks and capitalists. That
TONY MORSE HAS PREPARED
an elaborate speech which he will deliver next Thursday
at the banquet at Delmonicos to the elite of the cliques
who belong to the
NOBLE AND ANCIENT SOCIETY FOR THE CENTRALI-
ZATION OF GREENHORNS SPONDULIX,
that he will tell his experiences in Wall street in his
usual amusing style, interspersed with
ANECDOTES OF LITTLE INCIDENTS
in the lives of his dear friends, that he will tell how
HE BOUGHT THE SAME CERTIFICATE
for 100 shares of Chicago and Northwestern Common
Stock
TWENTY-THREE TIMES THROUGH ELEVEN DIFFERENT
BROKERS
from his dear friends in Broad street who reported to
him that they
WERE CARRYING TWENTY-THREE HUNDRED SHARES
for him upon their sacred, word of honor. That
THE REVOLUTIONS SPECIAL REPORTER
will be at the banquot, that
THE REVOLUTION OF MARCH 26
will contain
TONY MORSES SPEECH ON WALL STREET STOCK-
JOBBING
and the speeches of the great clique leaders
INVITATION TO TONY MORSE,
New York, March 2, 1868.
Anthony W. Morse, Esq.. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Dear Sir : I am instructed by the Committee on In-
vitations of The Noble and Ancient Society for the Cen-
tralization of Greenhorns Spondullx, of which lhave
the honor to be Secretary, to request that you will
honor us with your company at a
BANQUET (STRICTLY PRIVATE)
to be given at Delmonicos, 14th street, on the evening
of Thursday, March 19, at 6 p. m. I am also instructed
to inform you that the
PRIMARY OBJECT OF INVITING YOU
to meet the Society is to obtain ifom your varied and
enlightened experience some
PRACTICAL PLAN FOR UNLOADING
upon the public the numerous stocks wo have been
carrying for a number of years. As an earnest of the
high value we place on your
ADVICE AND PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION
in this matter we beg to inclose a certificate of deposit
on the bank of * * for $50,000 payable to your
order, and further arrangements will be made satis-
factory to you on arrival here. It is scarcely necessary
to say that all communications are to be strictly private
and confidential. I have the honor to be
Yours respectfully, Napoleon Burb,
Secretary to the Noble and Ancient Society for the Cen-
tralization of Greenhorns Spondhlix.
TONY MORSES REPLY TO THE SECRETARY.
St. Paul, March 9, 1868.
To my Deab Friends in a Fix : I got your Secretarys
letter all right. I shall be on hand. Have plenty of
champagne and
TELL DELMON1CO I AM
to be there, so he will know what to do and have a din-
ner that I can eat. You have pot this business off rather
late. The
DEMOCRATS ARE COMING IN.
They will send -
WALL STREET TO ETERNAL SMASH. SELLER
SIXTY IS THE TICKET.
If any o) your lunkhead customers ask you to carry
stocks .
CARRY THEM LIKE MY FRIENDS
who sold Northwest common just three minutes after
they had bought it for me. The
JIG IS UP FOR THE BULL CLIQUES. .
The public won't bite, they only nibble.
YOU CAN MtT.TT them,
but you cant stick them. My scheme is for a
CHOSEN FEW TO CHEAT
the balance of their oomrades. Somebody has got to be
stuck, and
CHEATING MUST BE THE ORDER OF THE DAY.
So toss up for the insiders, and let the
OUTSIDERS GO TO THUNDER.
Champagne must be well iced, and two quarts -of cream
for me to take before and after dinner. Place fete dt
veau en tortue,
(CALFS HEAD IN A STEW)
all round for everybody, excepting
Yours devotedly,
Anthony W. Mobse.
P. S. Your Spondulix, $50,000 arrived all right Sen.



159
eible thing that. Suits me to a dot. Shell out, and I'm
the boy that
WILL MATne THE FEATHERS FLY.
No slow .coaches for me. Dont forget the iced cham-
pagne, aud cream, mid stewed calls head for the
boys. Tell your committee on finance to learn the fol-
lowing beautiful lines to sing as a
CHORUS AT DELMONICOs BANQUET
to the tune of the
PEA NTJT WALTZ,
which you can get from De Comeau, Phil. Bruns, Tracy,
Arnold, or any of the Mining Board :
TONEY MOUSES CHOEUS FOR THE FINANCE
COMMITTEE.
who believe that the common stock will earn a dividend
of 15 per cent, this year. Offers have been made to de-
liver Michigan Southern shares any time this year for
Toledo mid Wabash. Both Michigan Southern and
Toledo and Wabash are about the same amount of capi-
tal, and the Toledo and Wabash extends more than
double the number of miles that the Michigan Southern
does in a straight line, although the Michigan Southern
with two parallel lines operates abont the same'as the
Toledo and Wabash, 520 miles. The Western Railroad
shares have cut loose from the influence of Erie, and
show a steady advancing tendency in their price. Pacific
Mail is steady in price, but dull and heavy. Atlantic
Mail is steady, Canton isactive and strong at 63% to 64,
Western Union is steady at 34% to 34%. The Express
companies shares are inactive. The general market
closed strong.
He thats got plenty Spondulix,
And wont give to him thats got none ;
Shant have any of our Spondulix,
When his Spondulix are gone.
Next Weeks Revolution will contain a Full ac-
count OP THE DELMONIOO BANQUET AND THE SPEECHES
op Toney Morse and the Clique Leaders, members or
the Noble and Ancient Society for the Centraliza-
tion of the Greenhorns Spondulix.
THE MONEY MARKET
was easy during the week at 5 to 6 per oent. on calk
Prime business paper is discounted at 6 to 7 per cent.
The weekly bank statement shows expansion of loans
and weakening of the bank reserves, the loans being
increased $1,915,958, and the legal tenders decreased
$1,536,563,' and the deposits $914,498. The specie is
decreased $1,377,409. The following is a statement of
the changes in the New York city banks compared with
the preceding week:
Feti. 29th March 7th Differences
Loans, $267,240,678 $269,156,636 Inc. $1,915,958
Specie, 22,081,642 20,714,233 Dec. 1,377,409
Circulation, 34,086,223 34,158,957 Inc. 67,734
Deposits, 208,651,578 207,737,080 Dec. 914,498
Legal tenders, 58,558,607 57,017,044 Dec. 1,536,563
THE GOLD MARKET
was dull and steady throughout the week, but on Satur-
day, after the board adjourned, it declined to 140% to
140%, under the pressure of sales made on a report th a
the government had been selling during the day. The
rates paid for carrying gold during the week ranged from
3 to 7 per cent.
The fluctuations in the'gold market for the week were
a* follows: Opening. Highest Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 29, 141% 141 % 141% 141%
Monday, 2, 141% 141 % 140% 141
Tuesday, 3, 141 141% 140% 141%
Wednesday, 4, 141 141% 140% 140%
Thursday, 5, 141 141% 141 141
Friday, 6, 141% 141% 141% 141%
Saturday, 7, 141% 141% 149% 140%
Monday, 9, 140% 140% 139% 140
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was inactive and heavy, especially towards the close of
the week, owing to the limited -demand from importers,
and to an increased supply of produce bills. Rates were
fully % lower, the quotations being 109% to 100% for
bankers. 60 days sterling bills and sight; 109% to 110.
Francs on Paris bankers 60 days, 5.17% to 5.16%, and
sight 5.15 to 5.13%. The produce exports are $1,000,000
morei than last week, being $3,980,200 in currency, equal
to about $2,300,000 against $4,753,533 in gold, of merchan-
dise imports. The receipts of bullion from California
for the week were $1,552,000, aud the exports of specie
were $1,548,290.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 63% to 64 ; Boston W. P., 20 to 21; Cumber-
land, 36 to 36%; Wells, Fargo & Co., 39% to 40%; Ameri-
can Express, 67 to 68 ; Adams Express, 72 to 72%;
United States Express ; 69% to 70; Merchants Union
Express, 32% to 33 ; Quicksilver, 21% to 22%; Mariposa,
7 to 8 ; preferred, 11 to 12 ; Pacific Mail, 111% to 111%;
Atlantic Mail, 99% to 99%; W. U. Tel., 34% to
35; New York Central, 129 to 129% ; Erie, 75 to 75%;
preferred, 80% to 81; Hudson River, 143 to 145 ; Read-
ing, 94% to 94% ; Tel. W. & W., 64% to 54% ; preferred,
73% to 74 ; Mil. & St. P., 54% to 54% ; preferred, 69% to
70 ; Ohio & M. C., 30% to 31; Mich. Central, 113% to
114 ; Mich. South. 91% to 9L%; 111. Central, 138% to 140;
Cleveland & Pittsburg, 96 to 96% ; Cleveland & Toledo,
107% to 108; Rock Island, 98 to 98% ; North West, 68%
to 68%; do. preferred, 75% to 75%; Ft. Wayne, 101 to
101%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
have been quiet throughout the. week, but prices closed
a fraction better.
Fisk and, Hatcn, o Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Registered, 1881, 111 to 111%; Coupon, 1881,110% to
111% ; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 107 to 107% ; 5-20 Coupon,
1862, 110% to 110%; 5-20 Coupon, 1864,107% to 107%; 5-20
Coupon, 1865,108% to 108% ; 5-20 Coupon, Jan. and July,
1865, 106% told ; 5-20 Coupon, 1867, 106% to 107%;
tio-40 Registered, 101% to 101% ; 10-40 Coupon, 101% to
101% ; June, 7-30, 105% to 106; July, 7-30,-105% to
106; May Compounds, 1864, 118 ; August Compounds,
1864,117 ; September ^Compounds, 1864,116% ; October
Compounds, 1864, 116.
. THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for tbe week were $2,482,946 against $2,321,183, $2,589,-
317 and $2,319,531 for the preceding weeks. The im-
ports of merchandise for the week are $4,753,533 against
$5,111,098, $5,735,486, $4,037,820 and $5,047,004 for the
preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie, are
$3,980,2000 against $2,968,819, $3,686,417, $2,678,180
and $3,218,00*0 for the preceding weeks. The exports of
specie are $1,543,290 against $650,901, $934,364, $864,563
and $1,644,057 for the preceding weeks.
HE POLICIES
OF THE
AMERICAN
POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE CO.
419, 421 BROADWAY, N. Y.,
ARE THE
BEST NEW YEAR PRESENTS
FOR A WIFE, FOR A FAMILY,
THE RAILWAY 8HARE MARKET
FOR A DAUGHTER, FOR A SON, *
has been feverich, owing to tbe frequent fluctuations in
Erie, which has ranged from 74% to 79. On Saturday
the aggregate sales of Erie were over 70,000 shares, of
which 32;C00 shaies were at the first open board, proba.
bly the largest days business on record in any one
stock. The injunctions and threatened litigation in Erie
have caused many influential operators to sell the Erie
and New York Central they held, and they have in their
place taken up some of the leading Western Railroad
shares, the increased earnings ot which have attracted
their attention. Toledo, Wabash and Western and the
North West shares common and preferred were the most
active and strong. The movement in Toledo and Wabash
is attracting the attention of the street, and it is said the
heavy purchases are for account of Western operators'
FOR YOURSELF.
For a wife or Family a whole LIFE POLICY is the best
hing possible.
For a Daughter or Son an ENDOWRY POLICY is the
most desirable, as it is payable at marriage or other speci-
fied time.
For ones own self the best New Year treat is a LIFE
RETURN ENDOWMENT POLICY, which is issued only
by this Company; it gives the person a certain sum if he
lives to a specified time, or to his heirs if he decease be-
fore, with the return of the Endowment Premiums with
interest. It thereiore truly combines all the advantages
of Insurance and a Ravings Bank, whjch Jjaa not before
been done.
y^ECTTJBES AND SPEECHES
OF
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1807. Pri ce
25 cents.
srx WEEKS IN THE WEST.
Protection to American Iudustry, versus British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 125 pages.
1866. Price 25 cents.
FENIANISM.
Speech on Irish Independence and English Neu*
trality, delivered before the Fenian Congress and
'Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18, 1805. Price 25 cents.
Speeches in England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents. .
UNION SPEECHES.
Delivered in England, during the American.War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents.
TRAINS UNION SPEECHES.
Second Series. Delivered in England during the
American War. Price 25 cents.
SPEECH ON THE DOWNFALL OF ENGLAND.
And a. Sermon on the Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17, 1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Lie?
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
150 pages. 1860. Price 25 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mail, at
prices named.
For sale at the office of
THE REVOLUTION,
37 Park Row (Room 17),
New York.
gTAB-B & MARCUS,
22 JOHN STREET.
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
of the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WARE
AT RETAIL.
Warranted superior to the Finest Sheffield Plate.


160
The Revolution;
THE ORGAN OF IHE
NATIONAL PARTY OP NEW AMERICA*
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL BIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
1. In PoliticsEducated Suffrage, Irrespective of
Sex or Color; Equal Pay to Women for Equal Work;
Eight Hours Labor; Abolition of Standing Annies and
Party Despotisms. Down with PoliticiansUp with the
People I
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Science not Superstition; Personal Purity; Love to Man
as well as God.
8. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Grose
Personalities and Quack Advertisements, which even
Religious Newspapers introduce to every family.
4. The Revolution proposes a new Commercial and
Financial Policy. America no longer led by Europe.
Gold, like our Cotton and Com, for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance. American
Products and Labor Free. Foreign Manufactures Pro-
hibited. Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping; or American goods in American bottoms.
New Vork the Financial Centre of the World. Wall
Street emancipated from Bank of England, or American
Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Be-
suseitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to'sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote One Hun-
dred and Twenty-five Millions for a Standing Army and
Freedmans,Bureau for the Blacks, cannot they spare
Ooe Million for the Wljites, to keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland?
Send in your Subscription.. The Revolution, pub-
lished weekly, will be tbe Groat Organ of the Age.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Ten names
($20) entitle the sendor to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, j E .
BARKER RILLSBURY, f
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor..
87 Park Row (Room 17), New York City,
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line...............16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row (Room 17), New York.
THE REVOLUTION
may be had of the American News Company, 121 Nas-
au street, New York, and of the large News Dealers
throughout the country.

rjIHE. CREDIT FONCIER OF AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN PRESIDENT.
The following are among £he first one hundred share-
holders of the Credit Foncier and owners of Columbus :
Augustus Kountze, [First National Bank, Omaha.]
Samuel E. Rogers, Omaha.
E. Creighton, [President 1st National Bank, Omaha.]
, Thomas C. Durant, V. P. U. P. R. R.
James H. Bowen, [Proof 3rd National Bank, Chicago.]
George M. Pullman.
George L. Dunlap, [Superintendent N. W. B. B.)
John A. Dix, [President U. P. R. R.]
William H. Guion, (Credit Mobilier.)
William H. Macy, (President Leather Manf. Bank.]
Charles A. Lambard, [Credit Mobilier] Director U. P. B. R.
Oakes Ames, M. C., [Ciedit Mobilier.]
John M. S. Williams, [Director Credit Mobilier.]
John J. Cisco, [Treasurer U. P. R. B.)
H. Clews. -
William P. Furntss.
Cyrus H. McCormick, (Director U. P. B. R.]
Hon. Simon Cameron.
John A. Griswold, M. C., [President Troy City National
Bank.]
Charles Tracy.
Thomas Nickerson, (Credit Mobilier,) Boston.
F. Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
E. H. Baker, Baker & Morrlil, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
W. T. Glidden, Glidden & Williams, Boston, [Credit Mo-
bilier.]
H. S. McComb, Wilmington, Del., [Credit Mobilier.]
James H. Ome, [Merchant,] Philadelphia.
George B. Upton, [Merchant,] Boston.
Charles Macalester, [Banker,] Philadelphia.
C. S. BushneU, [Director U. P. R. R.) Credit Mobilier.
A. A. Low, [President Chamber Commorce.J
Leonard W. Jerome.
H. G. Stebbins.
C. C. & H. M. Taber.
David Jones, [Credit Mobilier.)
Ben. Holladay, [Credit Mobilier.]
Hon. John Sherman, U. S. S.
The oities hlong the line of
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
Investment.
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days. Two Ocean Fei'ry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
this way l
The Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists (two thousand miles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce tbe Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilier (its contractors), a national
reality ; the Credit Foncier (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the Union
Pacific Railroad. Under its present Napoleonic leader-
ship, in 18 ro the road will be finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are already running west
of Omaha to the base of the mountains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omaha; where the
temporary bridge that has been constructed joins you
with tbe Pacific. Here is the time-table :
New York to Chicago (dra -< ing-room car all
the way, without change)...............38 hours.
Chicago to Omaha, without change (Pull-
mans sleeping palaces).................24
Omaha to Cheyenne, or summit of Rocky
* Mountains, (Union Pacific Railroad).......28 44
. 90
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Mountains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or the removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from your state-room.
The Credit Foncier of America owns the capitol addi-
tion to Columbus,probably the future capitol of Ne-
braska. What is t&e Credit Foncier ?. Ask the first mil-
lionaire you meet, and the chances are he will tell you
that he was one of Hie one hundred original thousand
dollar subscribers. No other such special copartnership
o1 wealthy men exists on this continent. (A list of these
distinguished names can be seen at *i>a Companys
office.)
Where is Columbus ? Ask the two hundred Union
Pacific Railroad excursionists who encamped there on
the Credit Foncier grounds, is it not the geographical
centre of this nation? Ninety-six mileB due west from
Omaha, the new Chicago ; ninety-six miles from the
Kansas border on the south ; ninety-six gdW from the
Dacotah line on the north, Columbus is situated on the
upper bottom, at the junction of the Platte and the Loup
Fork, and is surrounded by the finest agricultural lands in
the world.
The Credit Foncier lands extend from the railway
station across the railway, and enclose tbe Loup Fork
Bridge; the county road to the Pawnee settlement run-
ning directly through the domain. As the railway sys-
tem expands, Columbus will naturally be the railway
centre of the Sioux City, Nebraska City and Nemaha Val-
ley Railroads. ^
The Union Pacific Railroad Company were not slow to
see that Columbus was the natural, point for an im-
portant station. The Credit Mobilier owns lands near
the city, and some leading generals and statesmen are
also property owners round about. Would yon make
money easy ? Find, then, the site of a city and buy the .
farm it is to be built on. How many regret the non-
purebase of that lot in New York; that block in Buffalo;
that farm in Chicago; that quarter section in Omaha.
Once these city properties could have been bought for a
song. Astor and Girard made their fortunes in this
way. The Credit Foncier, by owning the principal
towns along the Pacific lino to California, enriches its
shareholders while distributing its profits by selling
alternate lots at a nominal price to the public.
.The Credit Foncier owns 688 acres at Columbus, di-
vided into 80ft. streets and 20ft alleys.
These important reservations are made : Two ten-acre
parks; one tr n-acre square, for Hie university of Nebras-
ka ; one five-acre triangle, for an agricultural college
one five-acre quadrangle, for a public school; one acre
each donated to the several churches, Episcopal, Catho-
lic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, Congregational
and Baptist, and ten acres to the State for the new Capitol
buildings. *
Deducting these national, educational and religious
donations, the Credit Foncier lias over 3,000 lots (44x115)
remaining, 1,500 of which they offer for sale, reserving
the alternate lots for improvements.
ADVANTAGES.
First._It is worth fifty dollars to a young man to be
associated with such a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase the
preference right to be interested in the next town
mapped out by the Credit Fontier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine.
Third.Owning 5,000 feet of land 1,700 miles off by
rail, extends one's geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia do not
compose the entire American Republic.
When this ocean bottomthis gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inland lake of ten
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, with corn-fields and villages, a lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing to have about the
house.
The object of the Credit Foncier in selling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to open up the boundless
resources along tbe line of tbe Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East. Landed proprietsrship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the om-
employeo to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
thousand now.
As this allotment of 1,500 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a check to the Companys
office, 20 Nassau street, when you will receive a deed for
the property.
To save the lot-owner the trouble of writing, the Credit
Foncier pays all taxes for two years.
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property in Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at the toot of the mountains, four hundred
miles west of' Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots there selling for three thou-
sand dollars.
Most of the Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
are the Shareholders of the Credit Foncier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P. BEMIS.
Secretary.
Office of the Company, 20 Nassau Street, New York


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