Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA FOBS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. LJIO. 13. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 1868. siNGLE$coPY^oRcfeKT.s.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN WORCESTER,
MASS.
The citizens of Worcester have instituted a
series of free discussions on the question of
woman's right to the ballot. The Spy of that
city reports them to liberal extent, and we are
glad to know that much interest is thereby
created among the best of the people. The
strongest opposition at the second meeting came
from a radical republican, orthodox minister,
who seemed to think we have already a suffi-
cient number of voters, and, moreover, he said :
Female voters will wrangle like men, and domes-
tic and social discord would ensue, in many cases
turning tlie family circle into a hell.. Granting all the
ability claimed for woman, he firmly believed she should
not be allowed the ballot. It would be an injury to wo-
men, for it would add to their already heavy burdens,
and to society, for only the lowest and most abandoned
women would exercise the privilege.
The absurdities of one minister were, how-
ever, well cancelled by the more sensible views
of another, Rev. Mr. Stratton, who said, among
other excellent things :
He was glad it had been announced that it was not a
question of theology or of orthodoxy ; that no thus
saith the Lord had been brought forward to support
either side. It is a question of the economies of life,
and of right, so far as right is involved.
*******
He referred to social, intellectual and moral progress,
and to the enlarged sphere fpr women which has already
resulted from this progress. She is capable of growth
as well as man, and what God has given the capacity to
do, and to do well, it can only be right to do. The
ability to do is the limit of duty, the God-sent commis-
sion to do it. In allusion to the plea that woman's de-
licacy would suffer by contact with politics he said that
true delicacy is tougher than the diamond, and wlil
make its impression without receiving detriment in re-
turn. He felt that the argument was not sincere, for
while its advocates shuddered to think of Lucy Stone,
modest, quiet, refined, lady-like and properly dressed,
speaking on a public platform, they could go to a larger
hall, and without fear of contamination sit and listen to
a female fiddler with ridiculously trailing skirts and bare
bosom and arms ; not but what the performance was
creditable to the artist, but the conduct of her admirers
was not consistent.
He alluded to the powerful influence exerted by wo-
man wherever she is found, and to the lamentable state
of society wherever she is not, as an indication of what
might justly be expected when she receives the ballot
Woman has a power for usefulness in voting which it is
her solemn duty to use, and he believed a majority of
the women of Massachusetts would accept the ballot
with joy, as a means for the removal of evils to which
their fathers, husbands and sons are now exposed. Ho
one need be compelled to vote, but those who see the
clouds of sorrow coming over their families and hearth-
stones, and know that the ballot in their hands would
sweep them away, do desire it and are entitled to it.
Their duty to themselves, their families, to God and to
country, is to go forward, and by the simple, easy, silent
use of the ballot to pat right in. the place of wrong.
Voting is only the expression of opinion, and (here is
nothing immodest in a woman dropping a ballot and
thereby saying, I want righteousness to rule." He
felt that in country woman is under a solemn ob-
ligation to go to the polls as a woman, refined, delicate,
and godly, as a mother and a wife, and vote for tbe weal
of the state, and to suppress all forms of vice.
Hon. Henry Chapin, T. K. Earle, Esq., Rev.
Messrs. Richardson and Stratton, Mr. Stephen
S. Foster and others, participated in the discus-
sion ; the former gentleman presiding, and all
named advocating the measure, excepting Mr.
Richardson.
SEXOLOGY AS THE PHILOSOPHY OF
LIFE.
IMPLYING SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT.
In this work Mrs. Willard has rendered im-
portant service to her race. We are glad to see
the press giving it not only favorable but wide-
spread notice. We have spoken of it before as
a book rather for study than reading. One
hour's careful examination of it will convince
any intelligent person of the justice of that
criticism. It is not indeed a book for imma-
ture minds ; but it will aid to mature minds al-
ready in process of development, in a high de-
gree. The following brief extracts give a glimpse
of its quality on a single particular:
The human soul ever seeks recognition in some way.
If man will not recoenize the worth and power of wo-
man, then she is compelled to show her tolly and weak-
ness. Woman gets no recognition from man ; no posi-
tion in society, only as it is reflected from his wealth in
her dress and display; only in & few cases, as strong-
minded women,masculine blue stockings." As wo--
man is not permitted to have any independent action in
society, she is compelled to follow the masculine law of
external display.
First recognize woman as an equal, give her the pos-
session of herself, her children and her own sphere, tbe
home ; give her a rightful, restraining, controlling posi-
tion in society, before you blame her folly mid extrava-
gance, or cast upon her the blame of your own vices.
Man has thrown upon woman her full share of the re-
sponsibilities of life, but will not permit her to hold any
of ito responsible, honorable positions, which alone can
give her the power to meet these responsibilities. How
'can we be expected to lead when we are obliged to
follow and obey,obliged by tbe stemnecessity of our
external dependent condition ? Unhand us, my brother,
before yon ask of us the work of angels.
From Adam down, man has made woman, practically,
the devil, theoretically, the scape goat of all his sins.
He has piled all the guilt of his vices on the back of wo-
man, compelled her to carry the load, and then called
her a weak, erring creature." No wonder she has
staggered under such a load, and sometimes lost her
foothold and fallen into the depths of infamy. Man has
loaded woman with tbe responsibilities of a god, betray-
ing how deeply in his soul he felt her power. The re-
sponsibility that he has cast upon her has constantly be-
lied his assertions of her inferiority. .
Man could never have sustained himself under the
galling weight tbat woman has been compelled to bear.
He has needed all the praise and glory that could be
heaped upon him to encourage &Dd sustain him in his
onward, upward struggles, and I am glad that he has
had them. Man will yet repay woman seven-fold for her
devotion to him, while he has been heaping censure and
abuse as well as flattery upon her. He will repay her
with honor and respect.
Perhaps no intelligent, candid man woulchdeny that
woman has as good a natural right as man to vote and
help make the laws by which she is governed ; but he
does not see its necessity. He asserts that woman is re-
presented at the ballot-box and in the councils of gov-
ernment by proxy. This is not true. She does not
come as near it as the negro did by the three-fifths rule.
All the negro ever got, and all woman gets by this
method, is mis-representation. It kept the negro a
slave, and it makes the woman subject to the man. Men
understand very well that there is no such tiling as
maintaining personal freedom without tbe ballot-box ;
that is, without a voice in making the laws which govern
them. They know that the emancipation act will be of no
use to the negro without it; and this is why wise and
just men have been so determined that he should have
it.
If personal control and freedom be our birthright by
the law of nature, then we must ourselves exercise it
and tiie means to maintain it. What is thrown under
foot will be trampled upon. If we act as if personal
freedom was of no value lo us, surely we cannot expect
that men will see any value in it to us ; and if we throw
our rights down at the feet of men, we must expect they
will trample upon them. If we put our right of per-
sonal freedom into their hands, we must expect to be
governed by their individual caprices for their own sel-
fish purposes. Man loves mastership. Woman cannot
exercise her law of self-control, or the control of so-
ciety, through male agents. Bach sex must exercise its
own law, as well in the mental a6 in the generative
sphere.
All who would reform society, all who would
emancipate the laborer from the capitalist, and
women from the dominion of men, should read
this book. Price $2 25. Published and for
sale by J. R. "Walsh of the Western News Com-
pany, Chicago, 111., sold at retail by the trade
generally, and at the Banner cf Light office,
544 Broadway, New York.
A MODEL VILLAGE.
BY MRS. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE.
The future model village of New England, as I see it,
shall have for the use of its inhabitants not merely a
town lyceum hall and a town library, but a town laun
dry, fitted up with conveniences such as no private house
can afford, and paying a price to the operators which
will enable them to command an excellence of work
such as private families seldom realize. It will also
have a town bakery, where the best of family bread,
white, brown, and of all grains, shall be compounded ;
and lastly a town cook-shop, where soups and meats
may be bought, ready for the table. Those of us who
have kept house abroad remember the ease with which
our foreign establishments were carried on. A suite of
elegant apartments, a courier, and one female servant,
were the foundation of domestic life. Our courier
boarded ns at a moderate expense, and the servant took
care of our rooms. Punctually to the dinner hour every
day, our dinner came in on the head of a porter £r.om a
neighboring cook shop. A large chest lined with tin,
and kept warm by a tiny charcoal stove in the centre,
being deposited in an ante-room, from it came forth,
first, soup, then fish, then roast of various names, and
lastly pastry and confectionsfar more courses than any
reasonable Christian need9 to keep him in healthy con-
dition ; and dinner being over, our box, withvits debris,
went out of tbe house, leaving a clear field.
The Leaven "Working.The Boston Con-
gregationalisl in criticising the general literature,
says Mrs. Stowe's contributions to the Atlan-
tic Monthly are very acceptable in form of a
volume, nor is the Chimney Comer a bad
name for the books. The Woman question is
pretty thoroughly, and on the whole very sen-
sibly discussel in them."
No abler argument for woman's suffrage has
been given than Mrs. Stowe's in these volumes.
Mbs. Lester, formerly Mrs. Bloomer, is giv-
ing lectures to the Mormons.


191 h* lUtfirlutiiitt.
WHERE IS WOMANT
.We are tired of this universal hatping about
Universal Suffrage when only half the uni-
versal family are meant. It is an unpardon-
able affront to all womankind, and none the less
so because coming from such a source as Tkad-
deus Stevens, as below:
Mr. Stevens (Rep., Penn.), risiug at the Clerk's desk,
said : This, Mr. 8peaker, is a grave question of argu-
ment. It is not a question for demagogues. The world
is going on in its progress of human government, and is
every day advancing in the great science which is to
make man happy or make him miserable. We are eith er
to relapse into a state of barbarism where that infamous
doctrine that one man can own another is to be re-estab-
lished, or we are to establish that doctrine where every
man governs himself and has rights that are inalienable,
and among these inalienable rights is the right of Uni-
versal Suffrage, which no man shall dare, after this gene-
ration shall have passed away, to dispute. We are not now
merely expounding a governmentwe are correcting the
injustice, the errors, the fallacies which were heaped on
other times by necessity. From the dark ages up, man-
kind has been ground down by despots, who could not
control the people, and were unable to form govern-
ments such as ought to control them. * * * *
Whoever undertakes to make a dististinction'between
the colored man and ourselves because of the color
of Ins skin, or the formation of his body, has for-
gotten his God, and his God will forget him. In other
words, yon must go back now to universal and impar-
tial suffrage &9 the only foundation on which the gov-
ernment can stand. You must build all your science of
government on that, and when you attempt to depart
from it you forget that you are a man ; that you become
a tyrant, and you deserve the execration of the human
race. There is no other way but by universal suffrage
in which you and I and every man can protect ourselves
against the injustice, the inhumanity and the wrongs
which would otherwise be inflicted upon ns. * *
I differ slightly with my respected colleague irom
Philadelphia (Mr. Kelly) on that ground. We have
reached a period when we may speak of universal suf-
frage, not as a boon, not as a gift, but as an inalien-
able right which *no man dares take away and which
no man can surrender. His God has forbidden, the
science of government has forbidden it ; and henceforth
let us understand that universal suffrage, operating in
favor of every man who is to be governed by the votes
cast, is one of those doctrines planted deeper than the
. granite on which our fathers laid the foundation of their
immortal workthe work of universal liberty; which
will last just as long as that immortal doctrine shall last,
and no longer.
The only answer woman should make to all
this is, Fudge!Ed. Rev.
MUSCULAR WOMEN
------------*----
The West is getting to be almost one prairie
fire on the whole question of Woman, and her
Rights, Wrongs and Necessities. We clip the
following from the Macon (Missouri) Argus:
Physical strength is a glorious thing. We are mock-
ing at God for one of his noblest gilts when we despise
it. The woman who can hold a twenty pound weight on
the palm of her hand, with her arm straight out from
her body ; can row a boat, swim swiftly or gracefully ; or
better still, can do the kitchen work of a whole house-
hold, is more to be envied thfrn Helen of Troy. It is
better to be able to walk ten miles without fatigue, than
to speak ten languages. A soul is of no account ju this
world without a body. The acquiring of all the physi-
cal strength in her power is certainly as much & wo-
man's duty as a mans, and it is simply idiotic for her
to talk of coping with man, in even the lightest employ-
ments, until she attends to this duty. Until she can
walk a mile or so in stormy weather as in fair, let her
not ask for herself the lighter kinds of manual labor. It
is ell nonsense.
Physical perfection is, indeed, a glorious gift; but
strength and beauty must exist together, or there can be
no perfection. A beautiful arm Is lovely, but when a
beautiful arm is also a strong arm, it is splendid. A
beautiful woman is fair, but when her soul's casket is
full oif electric life and power in every fibre, is mag-
nificent. There can be no true physical beauty without
strength. Ho beauty of soul, either, for that matter,
i -------------------------
unless one can be crippled in the spine and turn saint.
Without ones joints in their normal condition, how-
ever, it is certainly impossible to have a noble soul
without also a good body. The good body outside must
take care of the noble soul inside, and if there were no
soul at all in the question, the body has still itself to
provide for. The struggle for animallife is a battle of
material forces alone, and sickly women will never be a
match against healthy men. These cadaverous, fays-
tericky creatures who' seek to leave the old-fashioned
sphere, may as well go back and slay there. The worst-
ing world has no call for them with their puny bodies.
Ho matter how strong their wills are, they will prove
but stumbling-blocks to believers. Take an average city
girl, with her weak, white hands, her colds,, her head-
aches, her nervousness, her everlasting tendency to
burst into tears*" at any moment, and what does she
amount to, even with a wealthy Pa? What, theh,
will become of the helpless potato sprout when turned
out to compete with an active, muscular hoy? Poor
little potato sprout I Who would be free must be strong.
If the mothers of feeble girls would only allow them to
become healthy instead of making them genteel!
LIGHT IN BARE PLAGES.
Away down in Texas the cause of woman has
at least one advocate (the Texas Vindicator),
second in fidelity to no one in New York or
New England. The following is a touch of its
virtue:
We have repeatedly stated that, in our judgment, there
was no more important question nou occupying a large
share of the public attention than this of Womans
Bights; and we have not abated one jot or tittle in that
belief. Because it has been baffled in Kansas or else-
where, by the machinations of prejudice and political
corruption, is no reason why its friends should despair.
It is no evidence to our mind of any intrinsic defect in
the reform ; but rather is it an infallible testimony of
its great merit and usefulness. Again, and again, have
the best interests of humanity been defeated when urged
forward by the leading spirits of the age : for every age
has its superior mindsevery age has its reforms, and
every age has its prejudices to overcome. The men who
laugh and jeer at the projects of the philanthropist to-
day, often find that they themselves are the laughing-
stocks of to-morrow for their inertness and old fogy
notions. The human mind is progressive ; and you can
no more stop the wheel of its advauce, by the scowls,
reproaches, and stumbling-blocks of this generation,
than the dungeon, the rack, the gibbet, and the fire
stopped them in generations past. Let no man or wo-
woman cease efforts in a good work because of oppo-
sition. Opposition is the fire that purifiesthe spur
that stimulates to redoubled activity; it should be
courted rather than avoided. It is the only emblem of
virtue In the object sought to be obtained. When oppo-
sition ceases, there is no more need for the reiormer.
ANOTHER RICHMOND IN THE FIELD.
Under the above beading the New York Sun
introduces George Francis Train as a possible
if not probable candidate at the coming presi-
dential election. It thinks his chances of elec-
tion even are as good as three-fourths of those
who aspire to that honor. It intimates that his
present tour abroad has such object in view.
But the Sun may shine for itself, as below :
At first view it might seem that the Emerald Isle was a
rather remote base whence to carry on operations for
capturing the White House at Washington. But, when we
reflect that Mr. Trains objective point is to secure the
Irish vote in America, and thereby either force the
democratic party to nominate him, or, failing in this, to
run as an independent candidate on a Fenian platform,
we perceive that his campaign in Ireland is dictated by
the profoundest political strategy. On his own showing
he was nominated for the Presidency by a hundred mass
meetings before he left this country. He is bailed as a
candidate by enthusiastic assemblies across the sea. He
is greeted as a Deliverer by crowds whose stentorian
cheers might arouse OConnell from his slumbers. He
is flooded with libations, smothered with presents, and
borne from town to town on the shoulders of admiring
throngs.
Mr. Train is a favorite of our citizens of Hibernian
extraction. Always popular with them, he is now re-
garded, and not unjustly, as amartyr to British tyranny,
and idolized as the only native American who has d&rod
to grapple with the British lion in his den. His pro-
position to receive Ireland and annex it to the United
States in payment of the Alabama claims, has caused a
thrill in both hemispheres and arrested Che attention of
Lord Stanley and Secretary Seward. His nomination
for the presidency by the Irish Americans would open a
campaign which he wouldprosecute with characteristic
vigor. His principal organ, the World, and his personal
organ, The Revolution, would give him a cordial
suppqrt. The Credit Foncier of America, of which he
is President, and the Credit Mobilier of America, in
which he i9 Director, would sustain him with their
fabulous resources; while all along the route of the
Union Pacific Railroad, his name would be welcomed
with wild enthusiasm, from Omaha to the Rocky Moun-
tains. The total abstinence societies and the disciples
of hydropathy would shower him with plaudits, for he
is a believer in cold water. He is a man of lino presence,
always well dressed, and can bear the scrutiny of an
opera glass; and, therefore, all the women who test the
merits of a candidate by his personal appearance would
give him their hearty sympathy.
But, powerful as are all these influences, they would
be but his mere skirmish line. The'main body would
consist of the Irish voters; and they are a countless
multitude. Racked by them, and with his name float-
ing from the editorial columns of all their journals, he
would hold the balance of power in some ot the largest
States in the Union. ATess shrewd irw-n than Mr. Train
need not be told- that the democratic party cannot afford
to lose the Irish vote. Hence, they must either adopt
him as their candidate to save it,' or nominate Judge
Chase, and thereby make up for this loss by obtaining a
share of the radical vote of the North and the colored
vote of the South. With the Irish voters, swelled by
his various auxiliaries, Mr. Train would seriously dralu
the democratic ranks; while Judge Chase, by dividing
the colored vote, would sorely deplete the republican
force ; and hence, the election might go to the House of
Representatives, where the republicans would be likely
to triumph. This knot might be cut by persuading Mr.
Train to accept the Vice-Presidency on the ticket with
Judge Chase. Such a combination would consolidate
and popularize the democratic party, avert all dangers
of a war of races in the -South, and. save the country
from the dangers ot a corrupt election by the House of
Representatives.
WOMEN IN PENITENTIARIES.
In an article published in the Qarlenbaube, of Leipzig,
Col. 0. L. Barney, of Missouri, speaking of the charac-
teristics of American women, refers to them in con-
nection with the State prison, observing that the Peni-
tentiary at Jefferson City, has no accommodation for wo-
men, and attributing this absence of accommodation, in
a great degree, to a universal disinclination on the part
of men to prosecute and condemn women. It is cer-
tainly a sentiment of commendable chivalry, that actu-
ates this generous motive; but even were we disposed
to accept it as such, our own experience would lead us
to say that Col. Bernay has been too readily inclined to
measure tbe majority ofmankiud by his own chivalrous
feeling toward the weaker s&x, The fact is, that the
absenoe of proper accommodations, will not shield wo-
man from prosecution and condemnation whenever she
dares to violate the laws ol society, or offend public de-
cency. To the same extent that woman follows the
example of man in transgression, to that very same
extent does she suffer with him the just penalty imposed
for crime. And while her expiation has seldom been
less than bis, proportionally, it has full often been great-
er, and that too when she was least able to bear it. Let
us not, therefore, with this faint excuse fail to provide for
woman the same accommodations that men enjoyeven
in her prison life, for it is not sex that will ever shield
her from prosecution and condemnationthat v ill come
only with education and moral culture.
I am glad, however, to be able to say that Jefferson
City can now boast of abundant provision for women in
the State Penitentiary. Adjoining the main building,
and of the same material, stands the Female Depart-
ment, where, in rooms airy, and light; furnished with
all the necessaries of lifethe inmates might easilj im-
agine tfiemselves iu a school for reformation, rather than
in close confinement for crime. Among the seven hun-
dred prisoners now within the Penitentiary walls, it was
gratifying fo count only nineteen women, and they of
tbe lowest class, mostly negroespoor, ignorant beings,
who have been tbe victims of injustice all their lives,
and are now only working out the painful results of an


195
imbruting education. But while among the women we
found none but the lowest and most degraded, we were
surprised and grieved among the m?n to meet faces,
marked with intelligence and social culture. One in
particular, who has recently been sent up for man-
slaughter, endowed with ^^professional degree of M. D.
DIFFICULTIES.
Editors of the Revolution x
Yes, it is somewhat difficult, at times, to stem the
strong tides that have set in against a lone bark, left
drifting amid the storms of life.
Fortune you may call a changeling, and smile at for-
tune; but how to bear the lessons of the furnace,
where the soul is purified by pain, is altogether another
thing.
When the sea is calm, there is no mastership in float-
ing; but when the skies frown, the clouds lower, and the
winds mutter hoarsely, or are heard piping through ihe
strained canvas, then may be learned the spirit of the
helmsman.
And those who amid the wreck steer calmly on, avoid-
ing if possible those fearful breakers, seen but dimly
through the night storm, do well.
.They must have learned iu part the simple and sub-
lime life of the man acquainted with grief.
Te learn this were surely worth the pain by which the
lesson is purchased, and especially worthy of woman.
This isthat fragrance of feeling which, like the cham-
omile, flourishes best when most trampled upon.
What though a momentary faintness seize the soul
wheft first is felt the hurt, the agony, and it cries out,
Father, if possible, let this cup pass from me! scarce-
ly will the echo of this prayer have died out in the hol-
low chambers, ere the spirit has gained some new
strength or beauty, and there oometh iuto it a holy
calm. Then just as God sees is best for us, let us welcome
all, oheiisbing in ihe solemn sanctuary of a living faith
the Even so Father, for go ha'th it seemed good in Thy
sight.
In the spiritual benefactions of Himself, we believe
the All Merciful has dealt as liberally with woman as
with man; then wherefore this difference made by com-
munity ? Why not let her alone as much, or take her
up as mercifully as it does man ?
Does she receive the tribute due to her, from that un-
seen influence found not in the din of business strife,
but found in the secluded chamber, 01 alone from the
bended soul, where tender accents are pleading, though it
may be pleading in vain, for the salvation of some erring
loved one, weeping, praying, and seeking if by any pos-
sible power she may save their sinking manhood, save
them from the spell of their destroyer ? Does the world
see this? Yea, rather, does not the world sometimes
question her influence at home, and blame where an-
gels might bless ?
Then what says community of the easily-broken mar-
riage vow, that a man takes between his teeth as a horse
takes his bridle, and gallops off with if, only to ventilate
at the end o^the race with a loos of triumph at bis trot
and the distance made ?
Are'there not in such a morale, difficulties? Then
why should they be laid by law and usage upon the
wronged and weak party only? Ought such an offender
against God and woman to be dealt more tenderly
with by law and society than any other thief,
burglar, or murderer? No, is the response, resounding
through all the dim corridors of time and eternity, un-
til the note, every hour ascending, rises in one grand
pean to the throne of eternal justice. Justioe in law and
in society should hold no fellowship with injustice, be-
cause of color or sex, As well Christ hold fellowship
with Belial. And is love to be tolerated as free"
(when crime has not freed it from the offender), after
having bargained away all its freedom, but its freedom
iu wisdom and truth, by voluntary desire and common
consent ?
Would not a man be arrested for a rascal who had es-
caped from any other co-partnership thus, after having
most essentially robbed his partner ? Yes, I reply; if
that was a firm of men, and the robbed one anything but
a woman. What chance will you give a woman under
these difficulties? Left penniless and perhaps sick (for
this is what most women die of), unused to business or
the harsh contact of business cheats, unfitted by her
early education for such a terrible strain upon the shrink-
ing sensibilities, so that it kills her in mercy; or elt-e,
heaven pity her! spares her to he the boasted charity of
those, who, while they would excuse suoh a plebian
acquaintance or relation, it may be, manage by some plan
of the rack to stretch her upon every little favor long
enough to make the soul cry out; or, better than this, she

is left to the sneer which is meted out to such as labor
for a living, by her own charitable sex. Unused to the ter-
rible despair which first tells her that she is alone, and
this is to be the cup she must drink in the midst of
strangers or the headless multitude, whose tenderness
is more cruel, what can she do ? Why, true to the in-
stinots of puiity, look away from this dreadful pic-
ture to the Good Shepherd, just as the 'shorn
lamb would seek its fold. Then for a moment memory
*wanders back over the lost track, and sees the frightful
hours as they approached, in which she had striven at
times so tenderly to draw back the lost onethen terror-
strioken and wildly, or perchance, when all were un-
availing, girded up her woman heart for the hour
and silently met her fate, never to be forgotten, never
to lose its bitterness or sting.
Space may keep friends apart,
Death has a mighty thrall;
There is another gulf,
Harder to cross than all.
These are difficulties, slight though they seem. We
know this is only the old story, only a poor broken
heart (once happy and buoyant), and that heart a wo-
mansnothing more l
Why have not these blows power to kill ? was suffering
made immortal through paiu ?
Let us go back, kind reader, to her joyous hours of
girlhoodfor perhaps even woman can have some of
thoseand what do we see there ? A beautiful, fair form,
fragile as I flower, but fostered and nourished with the
care of a hot-house plant. How, now, is this sensitive one
to meet the toil, the care, the wanderers life, and yet
live on, alter starting from that home of intellectual
growth and refinement, where a mothers care and a fa-
thers protection fostered that delicate being ? From
that home she looked forth upon the verge of a new ex-
istence, and trembling at the threshold, questioned thus
the unseen: Will he who now pledges to me all honor
and love (the life of women) keep this life of mine safely,
by keeping its most sacred meaning ? Will he defend it
as it is now succored and defended ? I know its cares
must multiply. Let it be so, for I would share every
burden of those I love. Yea, will he do moreso preserve
our covenant intact as to befriend all my future life, un-
til its passage to the grave, that I may ever be proud of
the verdict of conscience and the boon of praise so sweet
to woman ? Or will be, alas! can he, when the voices
of home are hushed and silence is in the house of my
fatherrob this life of every treasure, and perhaps de-
camp like many another villain ?
But what comes of this questioning the pages of the
unsealed book before her ? Nothing, except the momen-
tary strength by which she sees her weakness; for now
that the immediate presence of that subtle influence that
has unfolded her being is withdrawn, she reasons, and
half seeing the peril that she cannot escape, tries to draw
back from it, resolves to tell him so, and at once mid
forever break the spell that has hound her.
Will she do this ? Can she turn away from him who
has won her by every assiduity of love, tempered with
gontle condescension and flattering appreciation? The
thing is simply impossible without the help of angels.
Woman, cannot be traitor in love, and this host quality
of her being is the salient point for the. treason of man,
and this loudest call upon his honor stifled by his sel-
fish calculation.
* * *
Years have passed since this bride was won, and per-
haps taken from plenty to frugality, from ease to toil
and anxiety. As of old, is he ever now at her side ? Is
her glad smile the sunlight of his homeher society
the soonest sought and the last to be left ? Has bis heart
a wish that hers cannot fulfil ? If so, let him forever
keep silence now.
Has she found the beautiful ideal believed in? Does
the entire response of her being accord with his in the
growth of wisdom and love; or, instead of uniting more
closely from time, has time only been dividing them?
If so, this then is the hourwhereiu to call upon $ expe-
rience for wisdom and patience, pr the more ecclesiastic
rounds of faith, hope and charity, iu which both are
to labor, if labor it must be called, to assimilate the one
to the other, and each to God, and never for a moment
to let the demon change possess them. If this effort
were made by both, my word for it, they would have
learned that happiness came with itsweet and serene
happiness, proving that nothing sunders the ties of wis-
dom; but it made on the part of one only, then the re-
sults are inevitablein doubt, dismay and final tears.
Yet a true heart bleeds long before breaking, and what
hours of thought are given to the next sorrow, and 0,
what can ward it off? The tender and loving word, the
sad remonstrance, the sharp rebuke, all are vainall fall
powerless upon the heart of adamant; that heart, too,

once hers before high heaven, but now lured away by a
wanton and bung upon the gate of hell, willing to enter
therein for its fancied affinity.
Through all, and above ail, a true woman will preserve
the gem of her soul unsullied, enduring the heart's
deepest wrong, and seeking light to look beyond it.
Just then we find the angels dropping into her soul, aud
somewhat of the old sunlight reappears in her eye,- and
the smile comes back as tbe moon looks down upon a
plain of ice. This was the touch of angels, tbe baptism
of their presence. And now. with new heart she takes up
the iron armor, cold though it be and heavy the burden
thereof, yet is it newly burnished and she girdeth it on.
Take courage, poor heart, repair the soiled clothing, put
back thy* floating tresses, go to the wash tub with thy
slender fingers, stitch, stitch, or bend over the goose-
quill while the bright hours are fleeting outside, and thy
only light can look in from a window on the roof. Hus.
banc) now the few resources of thy husbandless heme.
But where, pray, in this one-roomed abode is thy home ?
the requisite walls even, besides something to endear
them ? and how long is thy lease of even this ? Stop, if
you please, here, for she has lived in a trunk this dozen
years, and every three weeks or months had the charm-
ing variety of changing rooms in order to live more
economically, when economy for her had been bailed
down to a mere extract until she were so accustomed tv
homoeopathic doses of comfort that it affected her con-
stitution less and less.
But where is the one of old, ever by her side ? 0, why,
he has left!has found an affinity in his old age that
makes him write sonnets to the moon, aud sigh over
sweet cream frozen like his heart; but where is a home
for thee to beautify and bless ?in heaven only. Some
good motherly spirit (for there are a few), looks into the
past depths, and dipping up some olden memory, looks
again when a tear starts; she gazes on that fragile wife
deserted; sees tbat'dear and hided face, the shadowy
form and slender fingers laboring for bread, and ex-
claimsI remember 1
But wbat says society, genteel society ? That she is not
of the aristocracy now; that her husbandgood soul,
what else can he say for himselfsays she is a terma-
gant, and not an angel wht se wings should have come
out of her sweet surroundings. Society is alarmed that
she should put on such airs as to think herself better for
all she has suffered, more worthy of respect than when
once the pride of society. So saitb it: there is little
doubt but she deserves her fate. Perhaps she was never
married; he says they were not. Or well, I have
no doubt there is plenty of blame on her part. Should
the great God visit upon heartless pride, envy of the
good, cold-blooded calumny, and revengeful malice, the
measure they mete, wouldn't it set right this sort of
people, or send them to their own place ?
When the soul looks in vain for an eye to pity, or for
one heart to understand^ it, how it has preserved pure
its own garments, let that one remember that
I do also deem,
Though I have known them not,
That*two or one are something as they seem;
That goodness is no name and happiness no dream.
I cannot give the exact quotation for lack of refer-
ence. Mat Mercy.
THE AMERICAN GIRL,,
Whoever wrote the following would do well
to continue in similar strain. It is from an ex-
change paper :
. It is the belief of certain well-meaning men, who
were not bom in Constantinople, that if tbe American
girl were called on to meet a proportion of her ex-
penses by her own labor, she would be publicly a greater
blessing, and pe rsonally healthier, wiser, and happier.
It is even believed that her outlay, instead of increas-
ing, would diminish. Practiced in the mystery of
keeping accounts, aware by experience of the difficulty
of earning money, she would be clever enough to save
it. With something to do, she would put less mind,
time and purse into the pursuit of pleasure. Mated at
last with a poor man (so many are incorrigibly vicious
that way I) she would share his burden rather than
crush him with it If all women now were thus, we
would have no cause to cry, as we are sometimes
tempted to do, Oh for the slow but cheap girl of
thirty years since 1 Whether democracy is capable of
some such self-saving miracle as we have indicated, re-
mains to be seen.
Victoria rules England, and yet has not the greatest of
political powersthe ballot.


196
Hit* ijUwfllutifltt.
A BOPEFUL SIGN.
The New Orleans Picayune lias a letter from
Texas to the following encouraging purport.
Give the south plenty of such women as are
here described, and Congress would be of
smaller account than it is at present, were this
possible :
San Augustine, Texas, March 4, 1868.
To the Editors of the Picayune:
As I know your readers would like to hear what Is
going on in any of our afflicted sister states, it has come
into my mind to tell them something of our doings in
this portion of Texas.
I have good nows to tell. A great many of our people,
of both sexes, seem to have found out that fretting and
frowning do not pay, and are now diligently working
with their own delicate hands. A friend told me the
other day that a lady of our acquaintance, living not a
thousand miles from 'here, had plowed up her garden
herself. Capital, exclaimed I, but how did she
manage it? Why, said myfriend, yon know her
husband is building his house almost alone, and he was
pressed for time; they had not money to pay fo.r hav-
ing the garden plowed, so she got a little negro boy to
hold the plow while she led the mule herself. We all
told her it would make her sick, for it was a cold,' damp
day, and you know she is quite delicate, hut she would
do it. Well now, I am delighted said I, I honor
that lady, and wish I could have seen the sight.
A gentleman, who is not as rich as Crcesus, told his son
to try to hire a man to plow his garden. The son, a boy
of sixteen, who had been a student all his life, and deli-
cately nurtured, borrowed from a kind neighbor a mule
and plow, drove it boldly through the streets, and
plowed the garden himself, doing a good days work.
He had never plowed before. Were not his parents
pr.oud of him t Aye, that they were.
Many of our most refined ladies are doing their o\yn
cooking and other work. 1 saw one of them, not long
ago, diligently sweeping her yard, and not long after I
heard her performing on the piano forte music of a high
character. I know some fair young ladies who are not
alraid to roll up their sleeves, tuck up their skirts and
run out to milk the cows ; and, when the labors of the
day are over, they are ready to entertain their beaux
with some really good music. 0 ne such girl is worth a
hundred fine ladies, who spend their time in imitating
the latest fashion or reading the last novel.
MART WOLSTONCRAFT.
IS MAN THE NATURAL PROTECTOR OF WOMAN ?
In The Bevolutzon of the 20th of February, S. A.
Underwood calls the attention of the editors to the in.
justice done Mary Wolstoncraft, the first defender and
vindicator of Woman6 Rights, and refers to the holy
horror of certain self-righteous Pharisees, who shrink
from her morality of atheism, and are shocked at her
disregard of the marriage rile, her hold handling
of subjects foreign to woman's delicacy, and her con-
tempt tor those clinging, dependent graces which make
her sex so lovely in the eyes of man, her natural pro-
tector. Now, I know nothing of Mary Wolstoncrafts
writings, except what I gather from S. A. Underwood's
communication. But the scoffers at the morality of
ftthftiam should know the quality of atheistical morality.
It is the predominance of the principle of moral right, a
principle which is inherent in the nature of its possessor,
neither boro of fear, nor by fear compelled, or forced
within certain limits or boundaries. Now, it appears to
me that this natural, inherent morality ought to possess
moral, responsible beings. It is the. morality of intelli-
gent, civilized Christianity, and nothing short of it is mo-
rality.
The marriage rile seems to have been disregarded by
Mary Wolstoneraftl Let us examine it A rite is a form
intended to express the existence of certain conditions,
used in the absence of the recognition of a higher law.
Marriage 1 What is it? One writer defines it thus :
The union of two souls, the joining of two life streams
for a stronger, diviner flow to the eternal sea. Now,
what is the object of marriage ? The question not to be
answered in the darkness in which sensualism > en-
shrouded it; but in the light of Divinity enthroned on
the altar of Humanity. The txne object of marriage is
the blending of two harmonious souls, whose united
thought shall perfect be to the end, not only to promote
preseiit happiness but to produce a perfect race of peo-
ple. Marriage controlled by the present rife is butlegal-
ized sensuality, the sad effects of which are not only
visited upon the unhappy mothers and wives, but de"
scend in two-fold degradation upon the generations that
follow. Humanity is groaning beneath the corruption
and abomination practiced under the sanction of rite
recognized by law. Woman would cry out against
these abominations, if complaint in this quarter was not
so shocking and so odious to public feeling. By whom
and for what has this public sentiment been created
that compels woman to be disloyal to true virtue and all
her moral rights, and loyal to a ritea form. By whom
and for what must the holiest department of her nature
be invaded ? 'Twas a monster whose name is Lust 1 and
the possessor her natural protector. And to secure
this monsters traffic on the high sea of female purity,
man has stolen the livery of heavenly purity for its gar-
mentsthey have robed it with tbe name of love, and
poets have immortalized womans submission to it.
They have made it a noble, a beautiful thing lor women
still to cling to the lump of corruption whose affections
, are burned to a black crisp by the fires of passion, and
whose moral sensibilities are as obtuse as amnles. They
have immortalized that dependence that makes her
acknowledge him her natural protector. Love is
harmony of blending, not submission to lust. No woman
can be true to her womanly nature, and associate her
love with lust. To continually and repeatedly violate a
moral law so as to escape the penalty of a civil one, is no
part of womans duty. The rite which should he re.
garded as sacred is the respect shown for personalliherty
of virtue ; and woman, instead of echoing parrot-like the
cry of shame and disgrace which man raises when a
woman has moral strength and virtue enough to escape
from tiie letters of a sensualist, should be ready to stay
up her hands and her heart. Civil law cannot compel
nor control our likes and dislikes.
We appreciate and love according to the ability of the
object to call forth that appreciation in us. Our sense of
morality does not grow out of civil enactments ; but, un*
derlying.civil law, is the soul whose continually develop-
ing nature will work out for the material man what civil
enactments, rites and ceremonies have ever failed to do
a nature of purity.
With regard to Mary Wolstoncrafts bold hand-
ling of subjects foreign to womanly delicacy, let me
say: Any subject touching womans natureand that
nature the holiest of the God-givenwhich, if being
agitated by her would result in benefit to her sex and
comiDg generations, should not, cannot, by tbe wise be
considered foreign to womanly delicacy. What woman
would be considered indelicate who, seeing a filthy
thing, the miasma of which was carrying corruption and
death to a community, would with her own hands bury
the rotten carcass, because no man was found able to do
it? Why do we find so many men who are ready to point
the finger of scorn at women and cry indelicate ? and
does women shrink from duty at tins ridicule ? Because
man has an idol to protect, and he fear9 womans moral
power; and womans ideas of womanly delicacy are the
result of her education, which is to a great extent false,
based ppoU masculine prejudices and power and false
notions of right. And this false delicacy is just what
man demands for. the protection of his idol. And the
ground-work of masculine objection to womans politi-
cal equality with him is, her interest in politics would
divert her mind fromtbis idea of duty, and she might be
able to protect her sex from the abuse of their rights.
Mary Wolstoncrafts contempt for those clinging, de-
pendent graces which make her sex so lovely in the eyes
of man, her natural protector, is another point of
disgrace to her. This admission on the part of man
shows that he can appreciate womgn only as a slave.
The same kind of love characterized the slaveholder
for the beautiful Creole that was subject to his willhe
loved her to the deepest extent of his masculine nature.
In view of this, how is woman to retain the affections of
her protector, simply by being a willing slave to his
basest desires ? Now all this perversion of natural feel-
ing is the direct result of Woman's Bights being held in
masculine hands. Man has not only crowned himself
with rights, but has secured to himself all the privileges,
while he attempts to pacify woman with the sugar-coated
pill of the privilege of Ms gallantry, such as vacating his
seat in the omnibus, giving her the inside of tbe walk
and carrying her little basket. The privilege of his gal-
lantry amounts to nothing, but the privilege of being
-victimized. Is man womans natural protector ? Let
us see I How does he protect the sixteen thousand
wretched girls found in houses of infamy, in the city of
New York alonesaying nothing of the thousands in
other places in this land of masculine protection and
Equal Bights? Why, simply by paying starvation
prices for honest labor, and offering for a sacrifice of wo-
mans virtue a price that would keep her above actual
necessity; and punish woman* as you will, stigmatize
her as you may, make her an outcast, is not remedying
the evil in the least; her hard-earned bread is bitter
when she gets it, because she has earned it through a
business that finds no sanction from her higher facul-
ties. It is a business transaction with her ; not for tbe
gratification of lust has she bartered her virtue 1 But'
him, her natural protectorhow is it with him ? For
the basest, the lowest gratification of his nature he has
obtained a slave, and he protects her for that pur-
pose, because of remuneration; not because he feels tbe
nobility of natural divinity inspiring to a holy deed of
protection. Man, womans natural protector, offers a
premium for the sacrifice of virtue. If he was woman's
natural protector, would he not protect her virtue and re-
ward her for it? This state of things must continue so
long as the rights of woman are held by man. There is
a multitude of women who can he completely gulled by
this cry of masculine protection.
But man is womans natural protector: as a wife she
Is protected by him. Yes, the rile by which they were
hound considered him her natural protector until they
should be by death separated ; but the civil law sets
bounds to this obligation, this protection. He is
hound to protect her so long as she does not desert his
bed and can eat the bread that he provides; but
let her once desert his bed and the sacredness of the
rite is no longer visible. Therefore, the sacredness of
the marriage rite and the right to protection from wo-
mans natural protector all depends upon her keep-
ing his bed "and eating his bread. He becomes her
protector for a remuneration ; nothing natural in
this protection. Masculine protection gives to man'the
right to use for intoxicating drinks the breadstuffs, and
thereby causing a great scarcity of the staff of life ; gives
man the right io degrade himself with intoxicating drinks,
and bring woman, the creature of his protection, to
want and suffering. And the legaoy which masculine
protection leaves their sons who are soon to sit in the
council chambers of the nation, is moral weakness. Man
cannot protect himself from degradation, saying nothing
of protecting a clinging vine;" for when he seeks his
own dishonor, woman saves him by withholding from
his embrace, his defilement. This masculine protection,
this giving support to a clinging vine, is all a play
upon words, a farce, a picture of the imagination, that
vanishes when you open your eyes to see the reality to)the
facts. Yes, a clinging vine,'beautiful in its depend-
ence, winding itself aronnd the poisonous upas tree,
whose very breath in the council chambers cf tbe*nation
is moral contamination and whose presence with woman
at the polls is degrading ; a vine that has crept into
a bed of thorns, pierced at every turn ; a vine to
which is extended the sugar plum of privilege through
which the more successfully to victimize.
The poet that wrote those lines ought te be whipped
around the standard of masculine protection as long as
woman has been, for six thousand years, and we, think a
new song would he put into his mouth, even the right of
self-protection, to every intelligent human being. Wo-
man in her clinging dependence has not done for man
nor herself what she might have done, what she can and
will do, were she a helpmete for himstood side
by side with him in every department of life. She has
not succeeded in covering up the rough hark of his na-
ture. It will' show itself, for instance, at the polls and in
the legislative hall. Believe woman of the care of mas-
culine protection, and man of a work he is in' no wise
able to perform j give her rights to protect, instead of
privileges to depend upon man for, and the moral force
of her nature will raise a bulwark and defence against cor-
ruption and degradation. Engraft this << vine into the
political life of tbe nation, and it will change its leprous
spots of inequality for a covering of pure democracy,
and the vine, losing its dependence and helplessness,
will become the helpmete the God of nature de-
signed.
S. A. Underwood would not have the ^carefully
guarded sisters, the pelted and idolized daughters of the
present generation, follow step by step the example of
Mary Wolstoncraft. Most certainly not. The morality of
the petted and carefully-guarded women of this present
generation is a sickly plant, horn in the hot-house of
protection, guarded from contact with those healthful,
invigorating breezes which result from self-reliance.
They would ill bear up against the legalized masculine
privateering upon the high sea of feminine weakness.
And the way to perpetuate this traffic is to keep her un-
der masculine protectionkeep her carefully guarded
from a knowledge that she can protect herself, and the
business is safe. But there are women to-day whose
ears cannot be wooled with the cry of feminine weakness.
They know that moral strength lies in woman's heart, that


4
moral force is an inherent element in her nature, and if
permitted to protect herself this inherent germ would
develop. She is fully capable of going forth in a phi-
lanthropic work for the elevation of that class of de-
graded feminine protectors, whose very presence at
the polls and in the legislative halls of the nation would
degrade her. They know that rights are worth more
to them as a sex and to us as a nation than all the priv-
ileges that masculine gallantry can dole out to them.
. This sugar-plum of privileges has soured at last upon
the moral stomach of woman. Marah.
MARYLAND, MY MARYLAND.
Editors of the Revolution;
Perhaps you will like an occasional word from that
freshly-initiated co-worker, the Maryland Equal Eights
Society, and to learn that it is struggling upon its feet,
growing and strengthening as rapidly as can be antici-
pated of so young an association in so stagnant an at-
mosphere. The most recent act of this Society was the
sending of a petition to the Maryland Legislature, which
body is at present engaged in* framing a school system
for the state. The petition in question prays that the
same facilities for education may be extended likewise to
the colored children of the state, and that, as there
exists a system of night schools for males who have no
opportunity during the day for study, a similar provis-
ion, for a like reason, may be madd for females. It is
supported by the signatures of upwards of, a thousand
persons, irrespective of sex, color, or political bias. No
doubt it will share the common fate of all memorials
that jostle againstpopular prejudices, but as a reminder
that there are individuals alive to full consciousness of
the measure of justice which should appertain to them,
.it will not fail wholly of effect.
We continue to receive countenance, and favor from
the direction of the Quaker City. Mr. Samuel H. Paist,
in the course of a late address before the Sooiety, gave
us, in his spicy way, some uncompromising facts. In
reference to the argument so frequently urged against
extending the elective franchise to woman, that to per-
mit her to come in contact with the drunkenness and
profanity A the polls was contaminating to her vir-
tue and refinement, he remarked that it applied also in
the case of the tax office, where she came into proximity
with foul language and tobacco in their most aggravated
forms. Yet nobody on this account was so considerate
of female purity as to propose the exemption of woman
from taxation, anci thus iorbid her appearance at that
scene of corruption, rather than expose her to its pol-
luting influence.
We ourselves think that the supporters of ibis favorite
argument would do well to act upon the hint here given.
Verily, consistency is a jewel, which our law-makers, if
they have found, refuse to wear.
In conclusion, a word as to the status of The Revo-
lution in this city. It is proving itself literally wor-
thy of its name. Many who have made its acquaintance,
both men and women, admit that they see the question
of universal suffrage in a new light, and that they can-
not answer the arguments brought to bear in its lavor.
Indeed, all that the people at large require in regard to
this most unfairly defined of all reform principles, is
enlightenment. It is well that it has at last found an
organ through whioh to become its own exponent, no
longer at the mercy of ignorant and unprincipled inter-
preters, who have so persistently warped its plain jus-
tice according to the stupidity of their heads and the
lying malice of their hearts. The sexes are not brought
into hostile opposition, but into harmony and good un-
derstanding with each other, based upon mutual fair
dealing, for it is a fixed fact that none are truly Jrientfs
except upon equal terms. Woman is not to abandon her
duties, but to enlarge and perfect her circumscribed
means of performing them, and man is not in danger,
as some timorous hearts have forboded, of exchanging
places with her unless he so choose.
That you may prosper as you have persevered is the
fervent wish of
A True Friend or Human Eights.
The N. Y. Times says The Revolution
tells us there are plenty of ladies quite equal
to the Victorias, Annes and Elizabeths of Eng-
land, the Theresas of Austria and the Catharines
of Russia. We have not met this item of news
in any other of our contemporaries. If the
Times doubts about it, we fear it has been un-
fortunate in its lady acquaintance.
li*. JVrvohitiott.
EDUCATED SUFFRAGE.
Ediiors of ike Revolution:
To the reformer nothing is of greater importance than
to Imow, first that he is right, second' that the basis of
his argument is one which' can never be destroyed. You,
for the present, and I hope the need is only temporary,
are reformers. That you are right, that your cause is
just is almost universally admitted. Some, however,
remain to be convinced. To the basis of your argument
I beg leave to call your earnest attention.
In The Revolution of March 12th, page 146, in
an article entitled, Suffrage for Woman, you say:
The Post says there are two courses either of which is
apparently just; one, the conferring of *he right of suf-
frage upon all irrespective of color or sex ; the other,
the establishment of certain requirements of education,
which all must comply with to be entitled to enfran-
chisement. * * The Revolution* only pro
poses a slight educational test. Many who are opposed
to female suffrage have here found a peg upon which to
hang an argument; it is this ; by saying that it is just to
confer the right of suffrage upon all irrespective of color
or sex, and that The Revolution only proposes a
slight educational test, you admit that there is some-
where a power entitled to confer this right. Secondly,
that you who are women of education, think it will bo
just to refuse to confer it upon those, who are not edu-
cated. Now, reasoning upon these two propositions
they say ; if you admit that suffrage is to be conferred
and that it is right to deprive some who are your inferi-
ors in education, you ought not to blame man for assum-
ing, as you do, to draw a line even though that line ex-
clude women. They liken you to the old lady, who,
protesting to another dressing in feathers and jewels in
reply to the remark but you wear ribbons, answered,
: Well, the line must be drawn somewhere, I draw it at
ribbons. If you admit that the line must be drawn
somewhere, is it not assumption to say that where you
draw it is the only right place, and that where man
draws it is the wrong place- These questions I -have
beon asked by our enemies (I say our, for although a man
I have as deep an interest in the cause of universal suf-
frage as any woman), with a tone indicating that they
thought, that, at least, was conclusive. Mj answer inva-
ribly is, that the right of suffrage is a natural right, is
bom with the child, belongs to him as he sleeps in his
cradle, follows him through youth and age until he sleeps
again in the grave. That very individual, whether infant
or adult, who is of sound mind, and is not permitted to
vote, is deprived of a light. In the child it is an inchoate
right, from his weakness incapable of being exercised,
but none the less his right. That while no line should
be drawn, yet since he is incapable in infancy of exercis-
ing it, some time, some age should be fixed, at which
governments shall cease to deprive him of this right, and
that time should be one where the least injustice will be
done. Experience and reason would seem to teach us,
that, at or about the age of 21, the timo when children
are regarded as safe to be emancipated from the family
government and take care of themselves in the great
world around them, is the nearest to that desirable pe-
riod when the mind shall be capable of comprehending
the theory of government, and of forming its opinions
upon the issues of the hour. Even this is depriving
some but it is the nearest approach to full justice the
mind can conceive. All will some day reach it; the
poor, the rich, the ignorant and the wise shall all speak,
some may be competent younger, some not competent
even then, but this age approaches nearer perhaps, than
any other, the age when reason, rather than passion,
shall govern, when judgment, rather than influence, di-
rect. With education this cannot always be so. Some
may be uneducated either because of a failure of oppor-
tunity, inclination or incapacity.
But again, Taxation without representation. A
poor illiterate man who cannot even read may own prop-
erty. Shall he because of this, want of education be dis-
franchised, or will you only tax voters ? Even then he
is answerable to your laws, in the creation or which he
has nothing to do. Yet he may not.be to blame. Now I
present this question to you, in order tbatyou, consider-
ing it, shall give your friends throughout the country,
either the certainty that woman claims her right or asks
a privilege 5 that we may know whether woman de-
mands a right which she is willing all shall have in its
full degree, without money and without price, or
that she draws a line which may exclude some less for-
tunate ; whether she and her friends are endeavoring to
deepen the foundations and render more permanent th^
structure of free government, by placing it upon the
rock of Universal Liberty and Equality in the genu-
ine meaning of the term, or are advocating an'4'educa-
tional aristocracy. Is it not better, safer, truer and
197
wiser to maintain that the right to vote is a natural right,
of which none capable of self-government should be
deprived, and that the time at which it shall become op-
erative ought to be one which all must attain, rather
than a test whioh only the select shall ever reach.
Our government, at least, should have no disfran-
chised class, except those who occupy a felon's place af-
ter having broken their contract-with God and man. No
disfranchisement because of race, sex, color, political or
religious opinion. If education is made the standard,
those men and women who to-day cannot read and are
now too old to attain your standard of education will be
a disfranchised class. Is it not better that the restric-
tion on the exercise of the right should cease at some age
which wisdom shall point out, and experience teach to
be the true one, rather than the privilege be conferred on
standing certain tests?
If the education of the people is desired, is it not bet-
ter to educate all to a proper degree and bear with the
ignorance of the few, than to have a standard of en-
franchisement and a disfranchised class?
These questions I ask in a spirit of sincerity and anx-
ious inquiry. Nemo.
THE CAUSE IN MAINE.
WOMEN ROB SCHOOL COMMITTEES.
Fob some reason, not a paper in Portland
seems willing to exchange with The Revolu-
tion, and y ery few in the whole state of Maine.
It is cheering, however, to know that our doc-
trines penetrate even into the fogs of the lum-
ber state, as witness the following letter,
copied from the Portland Press, sent us by a
friend :
TTttcam, March 15,1868.
Mb. Editor : A statement is going the rounds of the
press that the democrats of Hiram supported a lady for
a member of the.school committee. I am unwilling that
any person or party shall be ridiculed or censured for an
act of which I was the instigator, and for which I am
chiefly responsible. I am in favor of olecting ladies 10
that office, and'accordingly voted for a lady, without her
knowledge or consent; several democrats and several re-
publicans voted with me. I have reason to believe that
scores of democrats voted for the able and popular can-
didate' of the republicans (Dr. Wm. H. Smith) and but
for my peculiar notion I should have voted for him my-
self, as I always vote with the republican party. I am
in favor, however, of laying aside politics in voting for
school committees, and the question of capability
should outweigh the question of sex or crinoline.
A few years ago we had a large number of boy school-
masters, but agents are learning to appreciate teachers
oi tact, experience and natural qualifications as well as
book knowledge. Of eleven schools under the care of
the writer the past year, but one was taught by a male
teacher, and by turning to the reports I find that of
forty-nine schools taught in Hiram daring the past two
years, forty-two were taught by ladies.
Four of our female teachers of the past year have
taught respectively 2'j, 21, 23 and 30 schools.
I put the question, why should a lady who has taught
thirty schools be considered less suitable for-the office of
school committee than the uudersigned who has taught
but two, or scores of men who never taught school at all ?
Slowly and with hesitation over the ice of prejudice
comes that unreasonable reason 0, cause." But regard-
less of pants or crinoline or ridicule, the question re-
mains unanswered and unanswerable. It is not deemed
improper for the ladies of Hiram to go with their hus-
bands to the town house to a cattle show and fair, and
serve as committees on butter and cheese, but it is con-
sidered unreasonable for ladies to serve as superintend-
ing school committees.
General Washington gave- a lieutenant's commission to a
woman, for her skill and braveiy in manning a battery at
the battle of Monmouth. He also granted her half pay
during life. It is stated in Lincolns Lives of the Presi-
dents that she wore an epaulette, Mid everybody called
her Captain Molly. And yet I do not read in history
that Gon. Washington was ever impeached. Females
have more and better influence than males, and under
their instruction our schools have been improving for
some years. There is less kicking and cudgelling, and
more attent:on is given to that best of all rules, The
Golden Rule. Ii they are more efficient as teachers is it
not fair to presume that they would excel as com-
mittees ? Very respectfully yours,
Llewellyn A. Wadsworth.
The editor of the Press adds to the above his
own endorsement, in these words :


198
We are pleased to have Mr. Wadsworths explanation
of the reform movement in Hiram which we had been
misled into crediting to the democrats. * * *
Go on. Mr. Wadsworth, you have our best wishes.
There is nothing in the way of the general adoption of
your ideas, but a lot of antiquated and obsolete notions,
sustained by a vast deal of poh-pohing and the laughter
of ibols. * * Meanwhile we are glad to see
Mr. Wadsworth and others calling attention to the sub-
ject and preparing the public mind for the Revolution.
REFORMATION.
Galileo defending the Copernican theory of the
worlds motion, Harvey affirming the circulation of the
blood, Fulton with his steamboat, and Columbus with
his New World, all afford us instances of that devo-
tion of the human mind to antiquity, which renders it
almost impossible to convince it that new truths have
been discovered, that old ideas and old doctrines are
false.
From the eailiest history of the world the discoverer
has ever been the subject of martyrdom.
Contemporaries are seldom grateful, and many a dis-
coverer has brought ruin upon himself in defending a
truth which has given his name immortality. Christ
upon the cross was but an instance of the reformer
suffering in the cause of reformation.
Eighteen hundred years ago, to be a Christian was to
die. The discovery of a new truth has ever involved
within itself the misery of its promulgator. Neverthe-
less, every age has and must have its great reformers.
Like Archimedes at thesiege of Syracuse, with the great
mirror of reason in their hands, they steadily pour upon
the barriers of error the golden sunlight of truth, until
at last the bulwarks give way-and truth lets in her
wakening daylight on a world of sin.
The-present age has had and is having its martyrs.
True, they do not burn at the stake, languish in dun-
geons or expire on the cross; but they bear the loss of
friends, the calxunny of enemies and the hatred of the
world with a courage god-like, divine.
Proudest among the glorious hst of those who shall
yet be loved for their oourage, honored for their devo-
tion to truth at any cost, will appear the names of Phil-
lips and Garrison. But their work is accomplished,
their battle is won. The clanking chains, as they fell
from the limbs of the slave, sounded peans to their
memory which shall ring through the world while lib-
erty survives. Butthe hour for reformars and reforma-
tion is not yet past. Error has not yet left the world,
darkness has not yet broken into the full light of day.
The manacles have lallen from an enslaved race, but
freedom has not oome to all. A new Held is open. Need
. human voice utter, or human car bear the sound which
pronounces womans name and womans wrong? Who
shall be the reformers in this held? The field is broad,
the aim noble and holy.
Woman, yesterday the slave of mans appetite, the
creature of his will, the despised inferior, stands to-day
in a position nearer on an .equality, more of a compan-
ion than a slave. To-morrow she will stand by his side,
where God designed she should stand, in every sense
before the law his equal. Broader will grow the love
and respect of men, higher will be the sphere of wo-
man, and nearer the approach of the human race to the
thron of its God. But, first, the world must be aroused,
awakened. All the burdens of the moral reiormer must
be borne.
Woman, thy hour has come, thy work awaits thee.
Now is the time to remove the bonds from your own and
your sisters bands.
Man, your love, your devotion call upon you to re-
move the injustices under which woman suffers. Listen
to the call of the right and let the future take care of it-
self. Does man hesitate to enter the conflict, to battle
for the right, to raise the fallen, support the weak ?
Then let the victims to popular prejudice prepare for the
altar. Ltt the reformers giro on their armor, let them
enter the conflict determined to conquer, let them in-
scribe upon their banners Universal Suffrage, Liberty
and Equality to all before the laws, ***
Sensible Ideas.Mi's. E. Oakes Smith says-
she would dedicate her own new house as sa-
credly as a church to the hospitality which may
entertain angels unawares, to good faith, to di-
vine peace, all of which should testify to sincere
belief iu and reverence for the Eternal. Our
houses, she adds, should be as holy as our
Churches, to say the least,
Witt IWvolutiOtt.
Cljf Hfnolntian.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PILLSBURY,
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARE ROW (ROOM 17).
PLACE OF THE PEOPLE IN A DE-
MOCRACY.
For many ages the best brain and blood
have been expended in defence of two- apparent
human necessities, Government and Religion.
But to this hour both seem to be little under-
stood. Liberty has been sung by myriad voices,
from the sacred nine on Mount Pierus to the
oratorios of our own Bunker Hill, and the
shrieks in its honor under the guillotine'of tlie
French Revolution. It is the pretence and pro-
fession at least of nearly every form of govern-
mentunder heavenour own boast being louder
far than any other, though in no nation has
the true genius of liberty been so blasphemed
as under the emblazoned stars and stripes.
Only a week ago tbe oldest member of Congress
confessed that, after long reflection, he
thought he bad just come to understand the De-
claration of Independence as intended by oar
fathers! And his resolution offered at the time
shows that he does not half comprehend the
true import of it yet So the inquiry, what is
the place of the people in a democratic govern-
ment, has to be preceded by another; who are
the people ?
According to Mr. Stevens they aro the male
kind only. His great state of Pennsylvania has
not ciphered so far as he. For its legislature
has just voted, five or six to one, that a black
male man has no more rights really than a black
mule, or than a woman. All his rights are
mere privileges granted by sufferance, held by
permission. The legislature of white malehood
gave, and that legislature may take away ; and
the woman and the negro are humbly to re-
spond, blessed be the name of the legislature!
But, conceding in this argument that citizen
is only of the masculine gender (or, as Artemas
Ward might have rendered it, of the mask your
line), where is the real place of the citizen in a
democracy ? Primarily and chiefly he is a voter
and tax-payer. He elects his ruler by his vote,
pays him with his tax. His part thus done, he
may retire, so it is presumed, and leave the busi-
ness of government in the appointed hands.
It was- supposed that the three great co-
ordinate branches of Executive, Legislative and
Judiciary would so share the power among them
as to shield the people from oppression by any
usurped unconstitutional authority on the part
of either one of the three departments. But
history and experience show that such.safe-
guard is not enough. More than fifty years
ago most serious charges were preferred against
one element in our governmental trinity ; and
serious perils were apprehended therefrom to
the nation. Mr. Jefferson was early and keenly
alive to the danger. In 1820 he wrote to Mr.
Thomas Ritchie thus:
Tile Judiciary of the United States is the subtle corps
of sappers and miners constantly working under
ground, to undermine the foundations of our confeder-
ated fabric. They are construing our constitution from
a co-ordination of a general and special government, to
a general and supreme one alone. This will lay all
things at their feet.
In the following year, the peril still imminent
and apparently increasing, he wrote :
The judiciary branch is the instrument which, work-
ing like gravity without iutermission, is to press us at
last into one consolidated mass. If Congress fails to
shield the states from dangers so palpable and so immi-
nent, the states must shield themselves, and meet the
invader foot to foot.
Mr. Jefferson, iu his proposed remedy, was re-
garded by many as a Revolutionist; as be in-
deed always was to the conservative element in
the country, from the moment he espoused the
cause ofthe people.
To-day the danger, though the same in kind,
comes from another source. Congress itself
has become the aggressor. Impeaching and re-
moving the Executive and putting one of its
own number in his place, with unparalleled
effrontery even milking his predetermined suc-
cessor one of his principal accusers, judges and
jurorsand with the Judiciary now virtually
abolished, what have we but Mr. Jeffersons
dreaded infliction sublimated, the Federal gov-
ernment one consolidated mass, and that a
Congress whose weakness and incapacity are, if
possible, fully equal to its wickedness ?
A year ago Congress was endeavoring to
retrieve the wastes and blunders of two long
and fruitless sessions by the enactment of its
Military Reconstruction Law. How it failed
The Revolution has heretofore faithfully
told. Ail the past winter it has been vainly en-
deavoring to restore one state. Old legislation
has been tried to no purpose. A special law
was made for Alabama, but it came to nothing.
A month ago a new hill was introduced and de-
hated, and last week another, but hitherto with
no better result And now another winter of
the same shoddy work is to culminate not in
more military measures of reconstruction, but
in annihilating the Supreme Court and removal
of the President.
That the President should be impeached and
removed we have never denied. But it has
seemed as though if he were ifnpea ffiable for
doing what he has, Congress was no less so for
doing nothing ; for not removing him before, if
he.were, as has long been pretended, the only
serious obstacle to restoration ofthe Union.
In war, the usual need is for men not afraid
to die. In our late war the grand diffi-
culty for a long time was to find men, especially
generals, who were not afraid to kill somebody.
Graven cowardice and corruption on the part of
Congress, have prevented restoration far more
than Andrew Johnson and all his minions.
On the coffin of President Lincoln the North
could have written its own terms of reconstruc-
tion. Sixty days afterwards President John-
son told Senator Sumner, On the question of
suffrage without any distinction of color, you
aDd 1 are alike. There is no difference be-
tween us. Two yeais before-that, he had, as
Military Governor of Tennessee, said, to the
colored people of that state, I Andrew John-
son, do hereby proclaim freedom, lull, broad
and unconditional, to every man in Tennessee.
And farther oh he added, Loyal men, whether
white or black, shall alone oontrol her destinies.
On the fifteenth of the following August he
telegraphed to the Governor of Mississippi,
(did not wait for a letter), recommending that
in the new government, suffrage should be
given to colored persons who could read and
write the English language ; and to all persons
of color who own real estate, valued at not less
than two hundred and flity dollars, paying taxes
thereon ; and offering as reasons, that such a
course would be an example which other states
would follow, and would place the southern


states with reference to .free people of color,
upon the same basis with the free.
What was the record of the republican party
during those very months ? And what is it as a
party, ever since? Before the war, and during
the war, it solemnly protested that it had no de-
signs or puiposes against slavery. With equal
earnestness it has ever since refused to make
even mutehood suffrage a plank in its platform.
To save itself in power and place, it tramples
down human rights in Kansas, Connecticut,
Ohio, Pennsylvania, or wherever the question of
the black mans ballot is m issue. To cloak such
unblushing hypocrisy, it pretends great zeal for
negro suffrage in the South, and for the im-
peachment and removal of Andrew Johnson, as
though he, not Congress, was endangering the
safety of the nation.
Where is the place for the people in such an
hour? Under any circumstances, unless de-
mocracy be bur a name and a sham, the people
are the last appeal. But in an emergency like
the present in this country, can they wait lor
an eiectiou ? One thing is clear ; unless they
arise in their might and majesty and arrest in
some effective form the present desperate pro-
ceedings, the last page of our national history
may soon be written. The present apathy and.
indifference are truly appalling, and all the
more because it is regarded as evidence
rather of safety than of danger. By slow de-
grees moral paralysis has possessed almost the
whole body politic. We are a case of suspended
animation. The first-bloodshed in Baltimore
terrified the whole nation. Over the dead and
mangled of Bull Run itstood aghast! But pretty
soon newspapers began to be dull unless they
were roaring with cannon and red with gore of
battle, shrieking with wounded, groaning with
dying, or pale with the dead; till at last,
case hardened to frightful insensibility, we stood
calm and serene on the graves of half a million
of the flower, the strength, the beauty of the
nation, and gloried at the sight!
But what would have been thought of the
prophet who, standing on the smoking ruins of
Fort Sumter, had foretold the Iliad of these
immeasurable woes ?
So since the war. The murderof the Presi-
dent clouded in gloom and terror all the hope
and prospect of the South, while it clothed the
North with new determination ; rage and wrath
gleaming through all its habiliments of sorrow
and mourning! And reconstruction then
seemed near at hand. Had the republican
party leaders in Congress taken Mr. Johnson at
his word in that fearful and yet auspicious hour,
secondfrg heartily all his proposals for an edu-
cated colored as well as white suffrage, it would
have been easy of accomplishment. The press,
people, pulpit, church, all were ready, even
asking it. And in the new union we should al-
ready now have enjoyed two years at least of
comparative prosperity and peace.
But so it must not be. And now it may he
asked, as before, what would have been thought
of that prophet who dared three years ago to
draw the veil of the future, and show these
party chieftains what harvests they would reap
for their sowing? What if he had told them :
Tou will waste years of time, squander millions
on ^millions of treasure, bankrupt the business
of the nation at home and drive its com-
merce from the sea; wilt down both South
and North with starvation and misery ; by your
shameless example, you will roll new billows of
intemperance and debauchery across the land,
over young and old, over women and men alike ;
$be fUvtfttttitftt.
you will demoralize more and more the general
conscience and character, breaking down all the
barriers of public and private integrity, and
when all that has been done, and more and
worse, reconstruction, union, peace will be to
all possible appearance a thousand times farther
from accomplishment than to-day! And y et all
that dreary vision we now realize. Ibis crystal-
lized into history to be read forevermore.
Again tbe question comes, and every time with*
augmented force, Where is the place for the
people ? Two rights remain to them yet under
the constitution, if indeed that have hot become
also a thing of shreds and patches. The
rights of petition and of peaceably assembling
have not yet been in form at least denied. Why,
then, are they not more improved ? For two
years before the war, the whole South was one
prairie fire of discussion, agitation and action.
And if such zeal could be kindled in the in-
terests of slavery, misrule and rebellion, shall
not also liberty and justice, peace and union,
have their votaries ? Well did Andrew Jackson
declare, eternal vigilance is the price of
liberty. Eternal watchfulness is its price while
possesed, but only eternal workfulness can re-
cover it when lost.
One word more. In his memorable seventh
of March speech, it maybe remembered, Daniel
Webster said, The right of Revolution always
exists, and there may be such a degree of op-
pression as fully to justify it. Such oppression
existed in France a hundred years ago, resulting
in Robespierre, Revolution, reign of terror,
with death on pale horse, andBonapartes, as
hell following after,unto this day. True the
right of Revolution exists. So does the right of
offences to come. But woe ever to him, or
them, through whom the offence cometh.
p. p.
To Correspondents.In writing to The
Revolution remember our space is too. small
for voluminous articles. We want earnest
thoughts clearly expressed; real experiences,
actual life. Let every sentence be plainly writ-
ten and punctuated, even if some other hand
than the writers must do it. Printers have not
all learned to read hieroglyphics, and editors
surely have not the time. Some of our articles
this week have very great merit; but it was
also great labor to prepare them for the planters.
Church Theatricals. Museums were a de-
vice to draw the pious and the prejudiced
against the drama to its support. The first step
taken, the way became so easy that now the
church is making theatrical representations a
source of great income for pulpit and other ex-
penditures. A Connecticut paper says the
young people of Colebrook gave an amateur
dramatic exhibition in their church recently,
wherein they presented the tragedy of David
and Goliah. Goliah could readily be distin-
guished from David by his first lieutenants
uniform, while David could in turn be recog-
nized by being taller than the Philistine giant
by about three inches. The. curtain was drawn
to allow the shepherds lad to sling his antago-
nist, but receded in time for the spectators to
see the prostrate form of the Philistine borne
from the arena by sundry Israelites in fashion-
able dress coats and kid gloves.
A Granny.The Reading (Pa.) Times
compliments the town Reading, Mass., for
electing three women on the Town School
199
Committee, and then adds, we wish we could
say the same for Reading, Pa. Our board of
Controllers seems to be of the denomination
4 granny. Sorry for your venerable friend,
Messrs, limes. We prescribe unhesitatingly in
her case, liberal use of The Revolution.
The Times is excellent at prognosis, The Re-
volution is sure cure.
Southern Gratitude.The Lynchburg Fir-
ginian thanks Mr. Peabody for his large gift to
promote the cause of education at the South, in
these melting words. Perhaps Mr. Beechers
plea for Gen. Lee:s college will meet more re-
spectful consideration. But hear the Virginian:
Bette) let our children go uneducated and live in
the woods, communicating there with nature and with
natures God, than to accept of instruction in sohools
where New England politics, philosophy and religion
are to be substituted in any measure for the traditions
of our grand old State.
Womanly Spirit.What woman wants is op-
portunity. It was that which made even Wash-
ington. He would probably never have been
widely known but for opportunity, for which
Virginia was by no means responsible. The
other day the editor of the Memphis Avalanche
was imprisoned for treasonable sentiments pub-
lished. His wife, Mrs. M. C. Galloway, seized
the pen and scissors and dashed into the editorial
post, closing her salutatory with these words :
If men are not brave enough to defend their rights
and their liberties, I trust the paper for the next ten
days will prove that there is one woman ready to defend
the rights and the liberties which weak and timid men
seem disposed to yield.
In a worthy cause, what could not such a
woman accomplish? An M. C. at the other end
of her name would then surely be no dishonor.
A Favored Town.A writer to the Worces-
ter Spy, travelling in Kansas, says there is not
in Manhattan a beer saloon, bowling saloon,
or ground-glass window saloon of any sort.
There was a great revival of religion here
a year ago, and some of the saloon keep-
ers became converted and closed, and others
lost all their customers or had to close in conse-
quence. The la3t bowling saloon was sent back
to Leavenworth a year ago.
The same writer says there are two newspa-
pers published in the city ; but though we send
The Revolution regularly, we have seen but
one number of either in the ten weeks of our
existence as a journal.
Female Clerks.The government is econo-
mizing. The male clerks have had their sala-
ries raised it is said ten and fifteen per cent.
The half-paid women, doing some of them the
same and even more work, are to remain as be-
fore, only that on or before the first of ^pril,
about forty are to be discharged from the Trea-
sury bureau alone. Women have no votes to
cast, nor can political harpies levy taxes on them
so well to carry on their electioneering projects.
The Granite State.A little nine year old
Miss, writing from New Hampshire, says :
We are very glad of the papers you send, though I
don't know whether you will be able to convert my fa-
ther to your -politics) but mother says she holds fully to
womans rights. And she thinks too, that if men and
women cant vote together, the men should back down
and let the women take their turn.
That is what The Revolution thinks.
But with the women and their young daughters
all right, the men wont be far behind.


200
j)f lifimliitiiiii.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
FABKEll PILLSBURY, \ ^aitors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, APRIL 2, 1868. ,
. ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND SUB-
SGRIBER8.
We ask our numerous readers to help us roll
Up our list of subscribers until we reach the
above number. Nothing short of this ensures
our complete success. We are still sending out
specimen copies in every direction, and we
ask our readers to send us lists of names
of liberal people who would be likely to ap-
preciate our demands for woman. As we are
the organ of the National Party of New America
we are in haste to have our telegraphic poles
set and wires strung all through the land, that
we may speak from Maine to California when
the campaign opens. s. B. a.
NEW MEN.
' Everything in the political world points to
the organization of a new party. Republicans
and democrats alike pull unevenly and uneasily
in their party harness, looking for relief in the
starting here and there of some new organ, or
the resuscitation of some old party hack for the
Presidency ; not seeing that the time has come
when old things are to pass.away and all things
are to be made new. This war has not only
ended negro slavery on this continent, but it has
given the death-blow to every form of aristo-
cracy, to the leading of the many by the few.
Our crafty rulers turn pale as they read the
handwriting on the wall.
Let not the people wait for caucuses, conven-
tions, or campaigns, but rise up now and
quickly, or another President will be foisted on
the nation to gratify some personal pique or
party spleen. A quarrel between Greeley and
Weed gave us Lincoln and Johnson, and the
same quarrel is to give us Chase or Grant, un-
less the people by some mighty throe uproot
this dynasty of rottenness. The great lesson for
Americans to learn is, that every citizen has an
individual interest and responsibility in the
welfare of this nation. In a republican gov-
ernment every intelligent man should make it
his conscientious duty to inform himself on all
the great questions of national life, and ap-
proach the ball6t-box with the same solemnity
that he does the throne of grace; remembering
that we are making the experiment of self-gov-
ernment and cannot with safely delegate our
duties to a few self-seeking politicians.
It is really a matter of no interest to the peo-
ple which party governs or which one of the
half dozen presidential candidates now trotting
in the course reaches the desired goal; for, if we
may believe what they say of each, other, they
are all alike corrupt to the very core. But it is
all-important that the people inform themselves
in regard to the whole machinery of govern-
ment, that they may understand the laws of
finanoe, commerce and state policy, and let
their rulers know that they are under anintelli-
to*, fjUrflltttifltt.
gent supervision. You never find good ser-
vants in a house unless the mistress under-
stands the whole machinery and knows when
the work is well done ; and a people will never
have wise, faithful rulers until they know how
to choose them, and to see that they do their
duty. We know there are enough true men in
both parties ready for an onward step towards a
higher civilizationmen who mourn over the
corruption in high places, the lavish expendi-
tures of the nations wealth, the onerous tax-
ation, and the impoverished condition of the
people. "x
We conjure these men boldly to step out from
the ranks, clear the deck of its time-serving,
faithless crew, lay hold the helm and guide the
ship of state to safety. We want a new moral
code in every department of life. We want the
divine theory of onr government realized in the
condition of the people. The horrible inequali-
ties we see on every side warn us that we are
violating the immutable laws of national life.
Governments were formed to protect the weak
against the strong, yet behold capital every-
where has labor by the throat. e. c. s.
LAND FOR THE LANDLESS.
Washington, March 19.
Dear Mbs. Stanton : Please rest from the suffrage
question long enough to look at my showing of the
land question. All the great questions must be studied
and helped along. Truly yours,
Geo. W. Julian.
It is because we have so much interest in all-
these great questions of national life that we
feel the suffrage question of such import-
ance. Until we have a voice in the government
our opinions have no weight; we may study,
but we cannot help our rulers along. And,
moreover, until we have women at the capital,
we shall have only the man idea in everything,
hence wars of acquisition and monopolies of all
kinds. We have read Mr. Julians able speech
on our land policy with great interest and
profit, and have made a brief extract for the
benefit of our readers in another column. This
has long been to us a subject of serious con-
sideration. There is pressing need of some
concert of action among thinking, unselfish men
to prevent this wholesale monopoly of our
western lands. Our fathers, in forbidding the
olet English law of primogeniture in this coun-
try, hoped thus to prevent the accumulation of
large estates, knowing that an aristocracy of
wealth (especially in lands) was death to all
free institutions. But untaught greed and
selfishness will ever find some way of assert-
ing itself, and until Christian philosophers
teach the people that the real good of one
is the good of all, that a wise selfishness
is opposed to personal aggrandizement, men
will blindly sacrifice their own highest in-
terests and the necessities of their neighbors,
in the hoarding of wealth they can neither use
or enjoy. But while many of our representa-
tives themselves own thousands of acres along
our western railroads, we have little hope that
a bill can be passed through Congress to change
onr land policy. For when rich men rule they
will use their wealth to keep their position and
perpetuate the opinions that justify their actions.
But when the righteous indignation of the peo-
ple shall at last scourge these money-changers
all out of the capital, and exalt labor, honesty,
and education in their place, then may we hope
for legislation that will ensure to the poor man
a spot on this green earth he may call his own.
s. o. s.
BIBLE MARRIAGE.
We find gentlemen with the most latitudina-
rian views on all moral questions, the most dis-
turbed just now lest the movement for the en-
franchisement of woman should make her an
individual, and thus disturb the home and
conjugal relations.
With the elevation of woman, we shall indeed
have most radical changes in our social life.
Independent and self-supporting, she will not
marry for bread and a home, and thus dese-
crate that holy relation.
Drunkards, gamblers, licentious men and
criminals will be at a discount, at least with
virtuous, Christian women. If the Bible teaches
one lesson, it is a pure and holy marriage. Be
ye not unequally yoked with unbelievers, for
virtue and vice, beauty and deformity, purity
and corruption, can never mingle together.
When woman understands the immutable laws
of her being, the science of social life-, she will
see the wisdom of that warning given in the
second commandment amid the thunders of
Sinai: The sins of the fathers shall be vis-
ited upon the children unto the third and fourth
generation. When woman holds the lofty po-
sition for which nature designed her, as mother
of. the race, base men will find no woman base
enough willingly to hand down their diseases,
vices, crimestheir morbid appetites, their
low desires, their tainted blood, that fire in the
veins that consumes the workers of unrighte-
ousness. The family, that great conservator of
national strength and moralshow can you ce-
ment its ties but in the virtue aud independ-
ence of both man and woman? There must be
one code of morals for both sexes ; made in the
image of God, let them be alike pure and holy
in their walk and conversation.
If you would redeem the race exalt woman ;
for as in her degradation man has tasted shame
and misery and death, so in her exaltation
shall he too be lifted up, so shall his moral and
spiritual nature gain new power to hold the ani-
mal beneath his feel
But how do you dispose of the curse pro-
nounced Upon woman, a gentleman asked us a
few days since in all seriousness, ItSeems to
me, said he, that womans degradation is or-
dained of Heaven. A curse, we replied, was
also pronounced on man : In the sweat of thy
brow shalt thou eat thy bread, and yet we find
all men trying to get rid of that curse or*
dained of Heaven. Our politicians do not
sweat much except just before election. Our
. lawyers, doctors, merchants, clergymen, pro-
fessors, teachers do not sweat a great deal, and
even our mechanics and farmers, by the aid of
science, have much of their sweating done by
machinery; and judging from the steady steps
of progress, we have every reason to look for-
ward to the time when science shall make all
labor easy, when mind shall triumph over all
material forces and exigencies. There was a
curse also pronounced upon Ham : Servant of
servants shalt thou be. But all good men in
this country, for the last century, have been try-
ing to free him from this curse, and we are in-
clined to think that when Ham took his seat in
the Massachusetts Legislature last winter,
New England at least began to think that Ham
had served out the time of his sentence, and
that the great Governor of all had revoked his
curse.
Just so with the curse pronounced on woman.
In the light of science we see that, by the obser-
vance of great moral and physical laws, woman


201
ft ft* gUv0luti0ti.
too is to be .redesmed from her curse, while
the suffering, weakness and depravity that now
dwarf and cripple the race shall be known no
more. e. c. s.
THE WORLD.
A club of ladies connected with the Metro-
politan press has lately been formed in this
city, in order to lunch together at Delmonicos.
The World, in a long article a few days since,
protests against this act of ezclusiyeness.
Last winter some ladies up town had a series
of lunches ; most piquant, charming affairs
(gents excluded) ; when lo! 0. B. Frothingham
deplored the fact in a sermon.
The World, gives two good reasons for its pro-
test. First, The utter desolation of the gentle-
men of the press in being compelled to take
their lunches alone when they might have such
pleasant company. Second, The danger that
these ladies, without the restraining power of
man, might allow the conversation to degener-
ate from that high literary tone becoming mem-
bers of the press into mere gossip, about Mr.
Marbles beauty, Mr. Greeleys old coat, or Mr.
Bennets yacht raoing. Now the women of
The Revolution wish the gentlemen of the
press and the pulpit to understand that they
fully sympathize with them in their protest.
We do believe that both-men and women are
elevated in association with each other. For
our part we should far rather lunch with Mr.
Marble, Mr. Greeley, Mr. Bryant, -Mr. Brooks,
and Mr. Frothingham, and discuss impeach-
ment, finance, free trade and total depravity
with them than to gossip about personalities
with our own sex alone; Suppose we form a
mixed club in opposition. e. c. s.
WOMAN'8 MEDICAL COLLEGE ANNI-
VERSARY.
The fifth annual commencement of the Med-
ical college for women was held in Steinway
Hall on Monday evening twenty third of March.
A very large audience of the most intelligent
and refined people of the city witnessed the ex-
ercises, apparently with admiring as well as ap-
proving interest. Rev. Dr. Burchard of the 13th
street Presbyterian church was the chancellor of
the evening. His opening prayer and charge to
the graduating class were appropriate and im-
pressive. Mrs. G. S. Lozier, M.D., Dean of the
College, presented the graduating class, consist-
ing of eight very intelligent looking women.
They have passed a thorough course of studies,
and an examination by their professors before
a board of Censors. Mrs. W. H. Greenough,
the President of the Board of Trustees, con-
ferred the degree of M.D. on the class. Al-
though her appearance and maimer were most
prepossessing and dignified, her voice could not
be heard by the audience.* Miss B.
Fuller, a member of the graduating class, gave
the valedictory, and acquitted herself hand-
somely. Her brother, counsellor Fuller, followed
in some practical remarks, showing how the in-
stitution will indirectly benefit men, by reliev-
ing them of the support of such of their poor
female Mends as choose to enter the profession.
Rev. Dr. Hastings, of the 42d street Presbyte-
rian church, made a most happy speech, allud-
ing to the fact of womans strong will power,
also her tact and energy for emergencies, exem-
plifying his position by relating several pleasing
incidents. This institution numbers now 37
graduates. Mrs. Dr. Lozier alluded to a num-
ber who are already counting their professional
incomes by thousands. Their success in some
instances, has been almost unprecedented in the
history of medical practice in the country.
Between the exercises Mr. Robert Elder, (the
justly celebrated and well known bliod organ-
ist) delighted the audience with selections from
favorite operas. Mr. Elder has few superiors as
an organist, and considering his entire depriva-
tion of sight, it is gratifying to acknowledge his
great musical ability.
A YOUNG D00TRES8 IN THE ARMY
' HOSPITAL.
Those who doubt or deny womans courage
and capability will be enlightened by. reading
The Boys in Blue, by Mr& Hoge. Almira
Fifield, M.D., was a graduate of a New Eng-
land medical college. Mrs. Hoge thufe de-
scribes her :
After the battle of. Pittsburg Lauding, a slender, mod*
est girl, petite in figure and of unusual beauty, made
application to us for a place as hospital nurse. We
said, We cannot send yon, you are too young and too
handsome for such a position. A flush passed over her
face, almost severe in youthful beauty, as she said, I
am older than you suppose, and as to my curls I will
cut them off, as that' is the only way to get rid of them
they are obstinate. Her fcoft blue eyes pleaded elo-
quently as she said, Pray let me. go; I dream of the
hospitals and know that I could alleviate much suffer-
ing. Have you ever nursed ? Not continuously;
hut I have had a thorough medical education in an East-
ern ins titution, and understand the surgical dressing of
wounds. You must not refuse me.
After consultation we agreed, in this case, to trane-
cend our Ordinary rules, and with many exactions and
some trepidation, gave her a detail, after telling her of
the suspicion, hardships and risk of health to which she
would, be exposed. She knew it all; had a relation who
had been-in hospitals, and his letters and tales of woe
only inspired her with added determination. She left
that night for Paducah Hospital, then filled to its ut-
most capacity with sick and wounded soldiers.
From time to time we heard accounts of her remark-
able success. Then came a letter from the surgeon of
the hospital, praising her ability and faithfulness, won-
dering at nor skill, so perceptible, that he placed her in
charge of a ward of surgical cases that were improving
rapidly, she still following our advice, burying in silence
her medical education and degree. After she had toiled
a year without respite, we were shocked to receive the
following telegram : Almira Fifield is dead ; send for
her body. Investigation proved that over exertion and
a malarious atmosphere had caused a congestive chill,
which'she concealed as far as possible, fearing she might
oe sent home and obliged to leave the boys, who
dung to her for life, hope and health. Want of rest and
change induced a repetition of the attack, shattered the
.frail casket and released the almost glorified spirit of the
youthful martyr to liberty and humanity.
KANSAS.
The Kansas State Record is not only a live pa-
per in itself, but on one page is a well conducted
and ably edited Womans Suffrage Department,
devoted to the social, financial and political in-
terests of woman. It is undCi^ the entire con-
trol of a committee appointed by the Womans
Suffrage Association of Topeka. It is just such
an arrangement as the American Equal Rights
Association tried hard to make with the-Anti-
Slavery Standard. Failing in that, the cause
waited the providential coming of The Revo-
tion. Many were grieved and disappointed at
the decision of the Anti-Slavery Standard Com-
mittee. But such are glad now, since in
The Revolution. they have so much that
never conld have been obtained through the
Standard, even had a more liberal spirit pre-
vailed.
JOHN STUART MILL.
AN INTERVIEW WITH MB.'MILLHIS RESIDENCE AT
AVIGNONWOMAN SUFFRAGE.
The following extracts from an interesting
letter from the Avignon, France, correspondent
of the Chicago Tribune will no doubt interest
some of our readers. Mrs. Mill, mentioned be-
low, was one of the strongest advocates of Wo-
mans Suffrage in England :
Few American travellers pass through Southern
France without seeing the ancient city of Avignon.
What with her historical fame and the prominent place
given to her in all the popular guide-books, most tourists
from the other side of the Atlantic consider themselves
in duty bound to pay her a visit. Fortunately the posi-
tion of the City of the Popes on the great railway that
connects Paris with Lyons and Marseilles, and forms as
yet the principal commercial highway between France
and Italy, enables travellers to see what there is to be
seen in the venerable place without sacrificing much
time or money. It is especially at this season of the
year, when the tide of American voyagers moves from
Paris in the direction of Italy and Spain, that the ordin-
ary death-like quiet of Avignon is frequently relieved by
the appearance of curiosity-hunters. Indeed, at this
time, hardly.any southward train passes the city without
leaving more or less of these wandering people, anxious
to behold what there is left of her whilom grandeur.
THE RESIDENCE OE JOHN STUART MELT..
Striking a balance between the attractive and repulsive
features of Avignon, I could not have avoided answering
in the negative the question whether my visit has been a
paying investment of time, but for what follows. Some
of your readers are probably aware that the foremost
writer and thinker of England, and, perhaps, the most
philosophical and practical reformer of his age, spends
a large portion of every year at Avignon. I refer, of
course, to John Stuart Mill, whose wise and earnest ad-
vocacy of the cause of the North during the late war of
the rebellion invests him with an especial interest in the
minds of all loyal Americans. To find Mr. Mill- in this
retreat, so far removed from the busy scenes of his pah-
tic career, was the main purpose of my coming.
THE CEMETERY OF AVIGNON.
Attracted by its picturesque beauty, I turned tor a few
moments into the cemetery. I had not walked flu1 when
I came upon something which made a very solemn im-
pression on my mind. Sheltered by a grove of evergreen
I found a square space, bordered by beds of flowers. In
the centre of it, enclosed by a low iron railing, rose a
large sarcophagus, of pure white marble, resting on a
base of the same beautiful material. At the head of the
monument stood a single camelia with exquisite white
flowers. Between the flower beds and the railing a small
walk extended around. In one of the corners-of the lot
rose a simple stone bench, serving as a resting place to
the mourners. And who sleeps in this secluded spot ?
On the fiat top of the sarcophagus I read the following
words:
TO THE BELOVED MEMORY
OF
HARRIET MILL,
THE DEEPLY LOVED AND DEEPLY BE<3BETTED WIPE OP
JOHN 8TUABT HILL.
Her great and loving heart,
Her noble soul,
Her clear, powerful, original and comprehensive in-
tellect, made her the guide and support,
The instructor in wisdom and the example in goodness,
As she was the sole earthly delight of those who had
the happiness to belong to her.
As earnest for all public good as she was generous
and devoted to all who surrounded her, her influence
has been found in many of the greatest improvements of
the age, and will be in those still to come.
Were there even a few hearts and intellects like burs,
this earth would already become the hoped for Heaven.
She died, to the irreparable loss of those who survive
her,
At AvignonNovember 3, 1858.
The moving words of this epitaph, so full of tender
eloquence, tell not only what the noble woman whose
ashes repose here has been to John Stuart Mill and to
the cause of human progress and reform, but also the
motive of the frequent and'protracted sojourns at Avig-
non of the companion of her life. That he might be as
near as possible to her grave, he purchased years ago a
country house within a few hundred yards of the ceme-
tery, where he devotes himself, not to fruitless laments-


202
tions over bis great, irreparable loss, but to tbe elabor-
ation of those wise aud elevated principles for the growth
of which in bis mind he is so much indebted to her
geoius. His devoted attachment to the beloved dead
and faithful prosecution of the work in which 6he was
bis constant helpmate and inspiration is certainly one of
the noblest illustrations of his character.
Leaving the cemetery I resumed my search for Mr.
Mills residence in the direction indicated by my guide.
I had not gone very far when I came upon several houses
to the right and left of the cemetery road 1 was follow*
ing, that stood in the midst of gardens, enclosed by
high walls, and seemed to be the modest summer habi-
tations of some of the bourgeois of Avignon. Mot being
able to make out from the description given to me which
ot them belonged to Mr. Mill, I addressed myself to
some women who were working in an adjoining open
field. But they were as ignorant of his name. It was only
when I explained to thorn that the gentleman was an Eng-
lishman that they seemed to comprehend, what I want-
ed. Oh, oui, VAnglais, VAnglais," they all broke out at
once, and pointed simultaneously to a araall house, the
top of-which rose above the surrounding high walls, not
more than a hundred yards off. Mr. Mill himself sub-
sequently explained to me, when I spoke of the diffi-
culty I had had in finding his place of abode, that, not-
withstanding his long residence in tho locality, even his
nearest neighbors had not yet become acquainted with his
name, which seemed to be something extraordinary to
their French ears, and that he continued to be for them
simply Monsieur VAvglais."
MB. MILL AT HOME.
A young peasant showed me into a small sitting-
room on the right of the entry, with a tile floor, and the
very simplest furniture, and then left me to carry my
card to Mi*. Mill. He reappeared in a few seconds, and
told me I would And Mr. Mill in the room on the other
side of the entry. Stepping into this, I found myself in
what seemed to serve as a library to the owner of the
house. In an arm-chair in front of the fireplace, in
which some coals were still burning, notwithstanding
the warm spring sunshine without, there sat, with a cat
purring at his feet, the well known form of Mr. Mill.
He rose as I entered, welcomod me by a cordial shake of
the baud, and invited me to be seated. In a very little while
we were engaged in a lively conversation. Mr. Mills
figure is of more than the average height, but he could
hardly be called tall. His form is decidedly slender. His
head impresses one at once os the seat of intelligence of
the highest order and .the highest activity. The upper
portion is very broad, and below the splendid high fore-
head the face becomes narrow-featured. His eyes are
grayish, and not large, but of a most genial expression.
His nose is thin aud straight and well-proportioned.
Tbe features run out into a very sharp chin. The com-
plexion of the clean-shaved face is rosy, and clearly in-
dicative of good health. The top ofthe head is almost
bald ; but the lower portion is covered with a good
growth ot rather curly light-brown hair, slightly tinged
with gray. His voice is not strong, but of great olear
ness, notwithstanding the delicate and almost womanly
gentleness of its tones. Mr. Mill is a rather hesitating
public speaker. His ordinary conversation discloses
tbe same defect, which is probably the result of a long
habit of weighing words before committing himself to
them.
* * * *
Besides the topics mentioned, the conversation touched
briefly upon Woman Suffrage and the temperance ques-
tion, and the efforts making in various countries for im-
proving the material and moral condition oj the working
classes by the system of co-operation. As to tbe first,
Mr. Mill believes that the United States will set a noble
example to other nations by first vesting women with
political lights. He believes that American women can
secure such rights whenever they make a serious effort
to obtain them. As to the temperance question, al-
though doing justice to the laudable motives of those
who attempt to cheok the vice of intemperance by legis-
lation in the United States, he is not* convinced of the
wisdom or efficacy of prohibitory laws as a means of
moral reform. Concerning co-operation, he expressed
hi6 ardent sympathy with this social movement, as well
as his faith in the great practical benefits to be derived
from it by tho working classes.
It is said a book is about to be issued in Lon-
don called The Corset and the Crinoline. It
will consist of a history of costume from the
earliest to modem times, and will be embellished
With sixty illustrations.
MR. JULIAN ON 7HE LAND QUESTION.
Mb. Speaker, I hold it to be a clear proposition tbat
the government, as the servant of the people, is bound
lo render the territory under its control as productive as
possible. Both political economy and the law of nature
sanction this principle'. The government has no right
lo withhold its vacant lands from tillage, while its own
citizens desire them for homesteads, and are willing lo
make them contribute to tbe general wealth. Noth-
ing, says Locke, was made by God for man to spoil or
destroy. Vattel declares that the cultivation of the
soil is a profession that feeds the human race ; that
it is the natural employment of man, and an obli-
gation imposed by nature on mankind ; and that there-
fore it deserves the utmost attention of the govern-
ment. He says, The sovereign ought to neglect no
means of rendering the land under liis jurisdiction as
well cultivated as possible. He ought not to allow either
communities or private persons to acquire large tracts
of land and leave them uncultivated. He adds, The
whole earth is destined to feed its inhabitants ; but this
it would be incapable of doing if it were uncultivated.
Every nation is then obliged by the law of nature to cul-
tivate tho land that has lallen to its share. The
earth, says the Westminster Review, is the great
mother which all should regard with filial reverence.
To the earth we owe alike our lives and our pleasures,
and if there bo an excess of poverty and misery among
men it is because the earth is not tilled in such a manner
as to yield the maximum of the necessaries of life.
No man, says John Stuart Mill, made'the land. It
is the original inheritance of the whole species ; and
he deolares that wherever, in any country, the pro-
prietor, generally speaking, ceases to be tho improver,
pulitical economy has nothing to say in defense of landed
property, as there, established. These authorities,
which could readily he multiplied, are simply the echo
of common sense. They are the voice of reason and
justice, affirming, in different forms of speech, the scrip-
tural truth that the earth belongs to the children of
men.
If, then, the Divine command to subdue the earth,
that is, to improve it, and compel it to yield of its abun-
dance, is binding upon the government as well as the
citizen, we are naturally conducted to the iuquiry, what
policy ought it to pursue in order to secure the maxi-
mum of productiveness ? And my answer is, the policy
resisting,"by all practicable methods, the monopoly of
the soil, while systematically aiming at the multiplica-
tion of small homesteads, which shall bo tilled by their
proprietors. On this subject, Mr. Speaker, we are not
left in the dark. I shall not now dwell upon the negative
side of the argument. I shall not stop to portray the
evils of land monopoly which, in the words of a cele-
brated French writer, has gnawed social order from
the beginning of the world. Tho subject is an inviting
one, but I propose here only to consider the profitable-
ness of small landed proprietorships, in the light of
known facts. -I believe political economists are agreed
that the true interest of agriculture is to widen the field
of its operations as far as practicable, and then, by a
judicious tillage, to make it yield the very largest re-
sources compatible with the population of the country.
Experience has abundantly shown that the system of
small proprietorships can best secure these results,
while it brings with it great moral and social advantages
which are unknown in countries that are cursed by
overgrown estates. I regret that any argument or eluci-
dation of this point should be deemed necessary in a
government which recognizes equal rights and equal
laws as the basis of its policy ; bqt the manifest ten-
dency, in multiplied forms, towaid land, monopoly in
our country, and especially in the west and south, must
excuse some little particularity of statement.
Beauty or Brains.A Washington corres-
pondent of the New York Tribune thinks, ex-
perience has fully proved that in lobbying
through a scheme in Congress and securing the
attention of members, one pretty woman with-
out brains is worth more than a dozen ugly
ones with a bushel of brains. What sad en-
couragement does such a fact afford for womein
to cultivate" brain instead of butterfly beauty !
Was it Mrs. Borbauld who sung to the young*
women of her time,
Tour only empire is to please ?
It surely is the scream of myriads of the
Goody Barbaulds and Mrs. Grundys pf our
time, in Congress and everywhere.
THE PULPIT TO THE LEGISLATURE
It is refreshing to see one pulpit looking a
legislature full in the face. Somebody (per-
haps the author himself)* has sent us a hand-
some copy of Rev. J. Freeman Clarke's Annual
Sermon delivered before the Executive and
Legislative Departments of the Government of
Massachusetts, January 1, 1863. The sermon
is entitled The Duties of Massachusetts.
Every page of it thrills with thought and life,
and should have animated and regenerated
more than it seems to have done the illustrious
audience before whom it was cast. Readers of
The Revolution will be grateful for the fol-
lowing extracts of the argument in behalf of
equal suffrage for womau:
I know, Gentlemen of the Legislature, that this pro-
posed change in the basis of suffrage is a great one;
and, at first sight, shocks mauy prejudices. There are
those who look on woman not as the companion of man,
but as his servant, thinking it her duty not to help, but
to obey him, and who fortily this opinion by tbe sup-
posed authority of the Bible. They will naturally op-
pose any change in her position which gives her equal
rights with man before tbe law. But the Bible, rightly
understood, has steadily operated to lift woman to the
same plane as man. Paganism, everywhere, makes of
woman either a slave, a toy, or a luxury. Only under
Christian institutions is woman educated, and made the
equal partner of man, in ail his work, knowledge, cul-
ture and duty. Tbe Apostle Paul has usually been sup-
posed to place woman on a lower level than man ; but
it is Paul who uttered the memorable words which de-
clare that in Christ Jesus there is neither Jew nor
Greek, neither bond nor free, neither male nor female.
Why should those who claim for Christianity as one of
its highest blessings to the world, that it has elevated
tbe position of woman in all other ways, place a barrier
just at this point? They make it the glory of the Gos-
pel to have emancipated woman and enfranchised her,
by a steady process, never intermitted during eighteen
centuries ; but ihe movement, they say, must stop here..
Why ? Because for a woman to vote is something
strange? But every step in her elevation has, at first,
seemed equally strange. Among the Jews it was just as
strange, when woman ceased to be a chattel, or when a
father could no longer sell his daughter, being a minor,
or when the father, or the oldest brother, lost the right
of giving her in marriage to whom he pleased. When
she came to inherit her. share of her fathers-estate, that
was very odd. So, among the Greeks, when Christianity
took the wife out of her retirement, and from the society
of slavesit was a singular departure from usage.
Every movement made in this direction has shocked
some prejudice, and excited some fear ; and that weiear
the consequences of Female Suffrage, is no argument that
there is any danger therein.
What would be the probable consequences of univer-
sal suffrage? Simply thisthat womans rights would
be considered in legislation, and her wishes, senti-
ments, needs, would come by degrees to be embodied in
our laws. All politicians, all legislators, consult (he
claims and desires of great bodies of, voters ; and so it
would be here. The womanly element would thus be
gradually introduced into our institutions. Better men
would be chosen to office; for the feminine instinct is
quicker than that of man to understand character. If
woman is more susceptible to moral and religious in-
fluences, these qualities would elevate the tone of our
government. The first effect of Female Suffrage would
probably be to increase the majorities now existing in
every statesince, at first,*womau would generally vote
as their husbands and fathers do now. Wherever re*
publican majorities now exist, they would be increased;
where the democrats have tbe majority, they would have
a larger majority. But, by degrees, female voting would
become more independent. When dissatisfied with the
nominations, women would stay at home; and that
wouldbe voting. To lose ten thousand femialo votes by
putting up a candidate with a bad character, would be a
warning which no party could afford to neglect. So,
probably quite gradually, a change would come over
politics, greatly to their advantage. Ii women had
voted during the last thirty years, it is likely thrft
slavery would haye been abolished, aud the great war.
with all its woes, made unnecessary. In whatever town
or city women vote, license laws will be so arranged as
to prevent much of the ills of intemperance.
It is said that coarse and ignorant women would vote,


but intelligent and refined women would not. But wo-
men have a good deal of conscience, and many would
vote as a duty who would not vote from choice. It is
probable that, having more leisure, more activity of in-
tellect, and quicker sympathies, good women would take
move interest in eloctions than their husbands and
lathers do now. Instead of talking together when they
met about dress, visits and parties, they would often
discuss public questions. They would ask and find out
-the bearing, of those matters of finance, tariff, excise,
which are now supposed to be beyond their comprehen-
sion. I cannot but believe that we should be saved from
many stupid and some wicked acts of legislation by the
intuitive perceptions of women being directed to public
questions.
M. Ernest Legouve, of the French Academy, in bis
excellent work on Tho Moral History of Women,
after speaking of their exclusion from so many depart-
ments of human life, asks, Have we the right to say to
one-half ot the human race, You shall.take no part in
the state or its life ? T)o83 not inis disinherit the state
itself? Who can oerfcii'y us tbafc sooiety, like the family,
does not need, in order to reach its aims, the co-opera-
tion of these two thoughts and two creations of the
Almighty? Who can say that a large proportion of the
evils which afflict the race, and of the insoluble prob-
lems which disturb our ropose, do not take their origin
from this absence of the equilibrium of creation, by ouv
shutting out the feminine genius from taking its equal
share in all our labor ? . .
It is said that woman is inferior to man, and the proof
is that she has never discovered America, written an
Iliad, rivalled Raphael in painting, equalled Mozart in
music, invented a steam engine, or composed novels
equa.l to those of Walter Scott. Let us grant in these
respects, her possible but not demonstrated inferiority.
Until we exclude from the ballot-box all the men who
have not written a story equal to Ivanhoe, or rivalled
Michael Angelo in sculpture, this would appear no good
roasonfor denying suffrage to women. There seems
not much logio, either feminine or masculine, in saying
to one-half' the race, A hundred men or so have ex-
celled you in geniustherefore you must obey the laws
without making them, you must pgy taxes without vot-
ing them, you must be punished by rules to which you
have never consented. Because you cannot do what
nine huudved and ninety-nine men out of a thousand
cannot do, you must join the children, the insane and
the criminals in their exclusion from all share in gov-
ernment.
Tho man who uses this kind of logic is allowed to
vote ; but the woman who exposes its fallacy and makes
it ridiculous, is judged his inferior, and is disfran-
chised.
Clara Barton.Remember to go to Stein-
way Hall, April 3d, at 8 oclock, to hear Clara
Barton give her interesting lecture, Work and
Incidents of Army Life, We have never heard
her but once, and we can truly say we were
spell-bound through the entire lecture and sorry
when she finished. There is a simplicity and
earnestness about her manner and matter that
are charming.
Her subject too is one people can never tire of
hearing, and the object of this lecture appeals
to every heart. As she speaks for the benefit
of soldiers families, we hope she will have a full
house. Let us not forget that while we re-
mained at home surrounded with comforts dur-
ing the war, these families willingly gave up their
only support, and bade their fathers,, husbands
and sons go forth to die for their country.
Mrs. Frances Watkins Hap err.The west-
ern papers speak in high terms of .the labors of
this excellent woman. The Illinois Paniagrajph
says by a correspondent:
Mrs.Harper, of Philadelphia, is a young colored lady
of cultivated mind and graceful and pleasing manners.
To a large and attentive audience she presented the
claims of Our Hew Citizens of her race in a manner
not unworthy of a man and a Probut we forbear. As
with Goldsmiths Village Preacher,
Those who came to scoff remained to pray,
so those who came to hiss Mrs. Harper, if there were
any such, remained to give that rapt attention which the
gentle bearing and sweet voice of this womanly woman
claimed and received from all.

; REAL ESTATE RECORD.
Its first number is on our table, twin in size,
form, and appearance to The Revolution ;
but read what it says for itself as to terms.
The subscription price now is three dollars for
sis months, ten cents single copy :
Ten cents is very cheap for so large and costly a sheet
as this is, and we will doubtless be compelled to double
the price after the first month. Those who wish tho pa-
per will find it to their advantage to send in their sub-
scriptions at once. The low price is merely to insure a
large subscription list tor the benefit of our advertisers.
When that is secured, transient purchasers, after the
first month, must pay twenty cents a copy for the
Record.
Under the head of Women as Real Estate
Operators, the Record pays compliment to
The Revolution in the following gallant
manner:
The list of real estate transfers and mortgages pub-
lished in this weeks Record reveals one very curious
fact, which we submit to the consideration of Miss Su-
san B. Anthony and her confreres of The Revolu-
tion. It is the large number of women who buy and
sell real estate, as well as give mortgages or loan money
on the same. It is now some fifteen years since the
Womans Bights agitation succeed ed in making women
equal with men before the law in ability to hold and con-
vey real estate ; and vast quantities of real property have
since then passed into the exclusive possession of wo-
men. It will be noticed that a great many of the trans-
actions are between women.
It is very natural that women should wish to own their
own homes ; and laws which encourage them to do so
are a public benefit. It is not likely that the gentler sex
will ever tat e kindly to real estate speculation, or to buy
ing property with a view to its enhanced value in future
years. This requires a certain kind of imagination, pa-
tienoe, and foresight, which women do not possess in as
marked a degree as men. Wo say this in fear and trem-
bling, witb the terrors of Mrs. Cady Stanton and
George Francis Train in mind ; but we are sure a care-
ful analysis of our lists will show that women deal in
houses rather than in unimproved lots. With the tem-
per of American men for tr ade, it would be surprising if
fifty years from now tound tho bulk oi the real estate, in
this state, in the possession of the women. As whoever
owns the land possesses what is under it, to the centre
of the earth, and all between it and the zenith, it follows
that the male sex in time maybe as absolutely in the
control of the females as the Egyptians were in the
power of Pharaoh alter Josephs famous real estate op-
eration.
SAVORY BINTS TO SMOKERS.
A correspondent, writing from Spain, gives the fol-
lowing account of the manufacture of Spanish cigars :
The trade in tobacco is monopolized by tho States, and
is farmed out to contractors. Its cultivation is pro-
hibited in Spain, that privilege being enjoyed by Cuba
alone. At Seville is a very extensive tobacco manufac-
tory, which employs' two hundred women. The ma-
chinery for cutting is very primitive, and is driven by
mules. The women are employed in making and put-
ting up the little smokerscigars and cigarettes. They
are generally young ; and, barring the filth and stench,
are not ill-looking. Halls, hundreds of feet in length,
are filled with (hem, each with a little basket of damp-
ened tobacco before her. Nearly one half, I should
judge, have babies; some on tne floor, and some in
their laps, and some in the tobacco baskets. It is possi-
ble that the babies have something to do with the mois-
ture of the tobacco and the celebrated flavor of the
Spanish cigars. Be this as it may, the perfume arising
from these two hundred women and an unknown num-
ber of babies, all manufacturing the moist narcotic,
would satisfy, I should think, the most inveterate lover
of the weed.
Revolution.Higgins & Co., of this city, manufac-
turers of carpet, have lately discharged all their old
hand-loom weavers, who are men, and taken in girls.
Whyisthis? It is because women are paid but about
half the price of men for the same work. Is Revolution
not needed here ?
By a Fashionable Young Married Woman,- The
latest thing outMy husband.
TRADES UNIONS AT FAULT.
The Workingman's Advocate is a well-con-
ducted journal of Chicago. Recently, with many
other of the best American newspapers, it is
considering very favorably the cause of the
working women. The following from its last
issue does credit to its column?. It is most
cheering to see every day new and noble acces-
sions to the cause of impartial justice and suf-
frage as those terms are. understood by The
Revolution
If there ip one act more than another in the conduct
of our trades unions to which exception can be taken, it
is the tardy justice which they have doled out the weaker
sex, in their efforts to sustain themselves by useful in-
dustry. While it is well known among those acquainted
with the facts, that their employment in a majority of
cases has not been the result of pure and philan thrcpic mo.
tives, it is equally true that they have not received that
encouragement and support which they had a right to ex-
pect from workiugmen. The very fact that they have
frequently been employed by unprincipled men for the
purposo of cm siting tbe legitimate, demauds of their
workmen, furnishes ono of the strongest arguments
why a magnanimous, straightforward policy should up-
root tho petty jealousy which now p rvades too many of
our labor organizations. Disguise tho fact as they may,
woman is destined to occupy a higher position in the
future than she has in the past, and right glad are we
that such is the case. It was the boast of Sam Houston
that he never embarked in an enterprise without con-
sultation with his wife ; and that in every instance
where her advice was adopted success crowned his
efforts, while wh^reitwas discarded disaster iuvariably
followed ; and lew, we tbiok, acquainted with the his-
tory of the man, will charge him with weakness of char-
acter.
Even in our every day life, we find the business man
who consults his better half, who recognizes and treats
her as his equal and confidante, outstrip his associate who
regards her as a cypher. Iu our counting rooms, telegraph
and insurance offices and dry goods establishments, in
short, wherever an opportunity has been afforded hor
to demonstrate wbat she can do, that testimony has been
invariably in her favor. Prompt to discern, neat and
methodical in execution, she often outrivals her clumsier
and more pretentious competitor. In the watch fac-
tories of Geneva the most intricate mechanism is con-
fided to her skill; in art and literature she has occupied
the proudest positions, while the deeds of Florence
Nightingale and our own nameless heroines have proved
their courage, devotion and endurance at times when
the bravest quailed. And yet, strange to say, this is the
class to whom society has denied tho privilege of en-
gaging in mechanical pursuits, and to whom the terri-
ble alternativestarvation or prostitutionhas been_
presented; while those who forced tho issue hold up
their bands in holy horror at the result.
Mans Humanity.Annie Myers, a girl twenty years
of age, was found wandering in the streets on Tuesday
night without food or shelter. She said she had lately
been an inmate of Bellevue Hospital, but wheu deemed
well enough to leave was sent abroad, and had no money
or friends.Morning Papers.
Womans sphere is home. How comes it
that none of these natural protectors of wo-
manhood, these oaks made for woman to
lean upon,' were ready to save Annie from cold,
hunger, temptation and death? Men sent
Annie from the. hospital without money or
friends! Men published the above facts with- '
out comment. Men picked Annie up in the
streets. Mon have her in charge to-day, and
men make the laws for her protection.
Dangerous. The New York Times Said the
other day that one of the most dangerous
things a'man can possess, is a soul of his own.-
Readers of the Times had suspected the fact be-
fore. _________________
Et tu Tennessee?Womans Rights have
been recognized in Tennessee. Mrs. E. T. Car-
ter has been elected County Superintendent of
Public Schools for Maury county,


204
fUvaltttia#.
MAGAZINE LITERATURE.
It buds out in this cold spring with surpris-
ing promise. From Tioknor and Fields we
get as usual the Atlantic Monthly and Every Sat-
urday. Miller, Wood & Co. send us the Herald
of Health. Then we have the Round Table and
the Week, both from the same office. Harper's
Weekly, too, is another of our Saturday arrivals,
older than most of those named, and in variety
and ability the equal of anything extant of its
kind. The New York leacher and American
Educational Monthly, by Schemerhorn & Co.,
430 Broome St., deserves extensive patronage.
Its articles are well written, and some of them
, in their demand, are worthy the times that
call them forth.
A Test op Material Prosperity.Earl Mayo,
in a speech in the British Parliament, on th e Irish
question, declared the consumption of liquors
to be the best indication of a peoples material
prosperity. It must have been a brother or
countryman of the noble Earl who told how
many millions of bushels of corn had been dis-
tilled into whiskey in a previous year in Illi-
nois, beside some thousands of bushels that had
been wasted in making bread.
To Marry or Not to Marry.British statis-
tics show that'in England, while the poor marry,
the well-to-do avoid marriage to such an extent
that two women in every five of the whole num-
ber of English women are unmarried, and the
total of these unmarried amounts to the great
number oi 1,527,000. In London, forty-one
per cent, oi the women of marriageable age are
spinsters, and in five English counties there are
forty-five per cent.
Women Doctors.In Philadelphia, six wo-
men physicians return incomes ranging from
$2,000 to $10,000 a year. In Orange, New Jer-
sey, there is another, whose annual income
ranges between $10,000 and $15,000. In this
city, there is one whose income is rarely less
than $20,000 a year. Some of these physicians
are successful surgeons as well as capable medi-
cal practitioners.
National Picture op Reconstruction.H. Bate-
man, 171 Broadway, New York, has published a large en-
graving representing the idea of reconstruction of the
Union, 24 by 30 inches, containing more than two hunm
dred and fifty portraits of distinguished men of all the
states, and presenting, in groupings and scenes, the pro-
gressive changes of the republic, from the bloody days
of the past, to a harmonious and glorious future, long
looked and waited ior, bnt unhappily not. yet dawned.
The picture is expressive and full of suggestions to the
mind, and well worthy the attention of all who desire a.
picture which is full of interest and instruction. Sent
to any address, post paid, on receipt of $2.00, by H
Bateman, 171 Broadway, New York.
Lipe of Dr. A. P. Dostie j or, The Conflict in New
Orleans.Wm. P. Tomlinson, 39 Nassau street, has the
above in press. Those who remember the terrible riot
in New Orleans of two or three years ago with its car-
nage and murder will wait for its advent with deep
interest.
Photograpes of G. F. Train have begun, so
English journals say, to appear in the London
shop-windows.
The Joeb op 1868.The New York Times lec-
turing its Chicago namesake on the virtue of
wnsi8teuoy.
CALIFORNIA ITEMS.
Mrs. Laura De Force Gordon is lecturing on
Educated Suffrage for Women and Men in Cali-
fornia. She takes subscribers for The Devo-
lution.'
New Movement in San Francisco.The
Golden City says : A revolution has commenced
in good earnest, and a brighter day is about to
dawn upon persecuted femininity. The pro-
prietor of a popular restaurant on Montgomery
street has just set a ball in motion which is des-
tined to revolutionize things generally and to
benefit the female sex to a degree almost beyond
calculation. Believing that such light work
was more befitting delicate women than robust,
fat and lazy men, the proprietor of the restau-
rant aforesaid incontinently shipped, a few days
since, all his male waiters and supplied their
places with an equal number of nicely-dressed
and sweetly-smiling feminine3. The editor
concludes some lively comments on the inno-
vation by saying it is to be^ hoped that all our
restaurants will adopt the idea of employing
none but fsmale waiters. Such a movement
would give, work to hundreds of needy and de-
serving women, and at the same time be the
means of driving scores of indolent yoimg men
into more active and manly purusits.
It is proposed to establish a Working Girls
Home where instruction will be given in some
of the mechanic arts. Let it be done. But the
mission of The Be volution will not be ac-
complished while there is need of such institu-
tions ; nor until the house where every girl is
born is her home, and such a home too, as she
will not desire or need to leave, until she goes
to become the happy head and mistress of one
of her own.
A Den of Thieves.Miss Amanda Way is
lecturing on temperance in the Western states.
In her Western way of putting things she calls
Congress a den of drunken thieves. The
Indianapolis Mhrorsays, Miss Way is a most
estimable lady, though a trifle tall and a little
strong-minded.
Negro "Voters.In New Hampshire both
parties at the late election sought the negro vote.
In Londonderry the democratic party support-
ed a colored man for one of the town officers.
It is to some, an apology for dirty work that it
brings clean money. The votes of negroes and
women will be in great demand before many
years.
A business Woman.An old lady drives her
market waggon into this city daily who is re-
ported to be worth fifty thousand dollars. She
owns a large farm the management of which is
ever under her own eye.
One Farce Played Out.Judge Underwood
is reported to have released the bondsmen of
Jefferson Davis. The papers say it is supposed
this has been done on account of the extreme
improbability of any trial ever coming off. It
is to be hoped then that one more political farce
is played out.
The Independent, of the 19th inst., contains a poem on
u Impeachment which opens thus :
The time is past for weak delay."
The readers of the Independent would no doubt have
been better pleased if the verse had ran thus :
The time is past for weeks delay.
OBEY.
From the N. Y. Evening MaiL
The American echoes of the recent journalistic wail
in England concerning the decline of marriage in that
country have crossed the Atlantic. The decline of
marriage in England, says a London paper, affords
the Americans some trouble. They assign the reason to
be that the rising generation of Englishwomen are de-
liberately resolving to strike out the word obey from the
marriage sacrament.
And if this be really the reason that young English-
men refuse to get married, all we can say is that young
Englishwomen had better persevere until the word is
stricken out, or they are all old maids. If young En-
lishmen are not contented with the laws of the land, ~
which give them advantage enough over their wives, let
them remain old bachelors. We have bnt one Protestant
service in this country which insists on the word
obey. For the sake of old associations, it is well
enough, perhaps, to leave the word where it is, though
it be only a meaningless combination of letters. Ic
means, if it mean anything, that the lady will do as her
husband directsexcept when she thinks best not to do
so. The idea of inequality has become quite, or very
nearly, extinct.
We are writing, be it understood, under the eye of
Miss Susan B. Anthony or of Mrs. Cady Stanton. When
Mr. Parker Pillsbury writes such sentiments as the above
the reader may very naturally reflect that his desk, in
the office of The Revolution, is between that of the
proprietor, Miss Anthony, and that of the leading editor
or tress whichever you likeMrs. Stanton. The
entire honesty of anything from such a source on such
a subject may well be questioned. We disclaim any such
influence, however. We simply claim that the marriage
ceremony should be made to correspond with facts as
they very properly exist at the present day. Women do
obey their husbands when they think best to obey them.
They do not obey them when they think proper not to
obey them. We presume that those ladles who are mar-
ried by services in which the word is omitted, are quite
as likely to do this or do that, according to their hus-
bands commands, as those who have been.duly sworn
to obey their lords. If for no other reason, we would
have the word omitted because it is superfluous.
No ^matter about Mr. Parker Pillsburys desk,
we second the Mail's motion, .to strike the word
obey from the marriage ceremony as shame-
lessly degrading to both woman and man.
Women as Diplomatists.Mrs. Frances Lord
Bond has been for some time laboring to secure
an appointment to some diplomatic position
under government. Senator Wade seconded
her endeavor with the following recommenda-
tion :
To his Excellency Andrew Johnson, President of the United
States :
Sir : Believing as I do, that the time has come when
women of capacity and talent may properly represent
this government at foreign courts and in foreign coun-
tries,[the undersigned most cheerfully solicits for and
recommends the appointment of Mrs. Frances Lord
Bond to such embassy as may be compatible with the
interests and the honor of the country.
Respectfully, B. F. Wade.
Washington, D. 0., Nov. 25, 1867.
The Lord gave the word, and great was the
company of the [women] preachers.Holy
Writ.
Here is another:
Miss Josephine Lapham, of Woodstock, Ohio, has
been licensed to preach by the Winchester Association
of that State. She is a graduate of Antioch College, and
was a classmate of Rev. Olympia Brown.
The Troy Press says a Mrs. E. G. Kent is lec-
turing on the right of women to vote, hold
office, etc.
Men say .women should not be allowed to have any-
thing to do with politics, because they would not know
how to act. Could women have made a greater4 botch
in their endeavors to reconstruct the South than Con-
gress ?


205

FINANCIAL FACTS FOR THE PEOPLE
no. in.
Thebe is no other way at this time but this one, name-
ly, the people and their rights. No more of this mono-
poly, which gathers together and holds fast within its
selfish grasp that portion which belongs to the honest
laborer, and leaves him to starve and perish, while the
bondholder sits in safety and prates of the honor of the
nation, and sees in the persistent obstinacy of Congress
a disregard of all this demand for bread and work, an
honesty which he applauds, because it enables him to
hoard his thousands ; meantime, taking advantage of
every sacrifice forced through his neighbors neces-
sities, continuing to sap the life-blood of the nation.
Honor and honesty, to be sure! When the right hand
robs the two palms of the masses, and leaves the ninety
and nine in high and by-way uncared for, unprotected,
that the political capitalist may still gather and hold
that whieh is no more his right than would be a certain
part of the sun and air shut out from the rest of hu-
manity. Selfishness and republicanism are entirely
antagonisticfear and tenacity to hold promises made
in time of peril are the natural barriers which error and
ignorance place in the way of justice and progress; and
if wars necessities called for the promise, the greater
necessities of peace call the louder now for the adjustment
of an oppression more dangerous in its effect and more
demoralizing to the nation than revolutions and repudi-
ation. But we do not need to say repudiation, the word
seems so terrible ; but will our press, who protect the
bondholders, and cry out national honor, tell us which
is the most fearful to contemplate, and which the most
dangerous in its results, certain decay and anarchy
through these most dangerous of all influences, namely,
unequal circulation or oppression of the few over the
many, or out and out repudiation ; which, at all events,
under present conditions, must surely follow, unless the
millions kept out of the hands of the people are set to
immediate use.
The handful who are preying upon the nation's
finances are well understood by the great masses, every-
where murmuring like the sulk n and certain power which
precedes the storm ; and no man, in Congress or Cabi-
net, need think himself guiltless, lor it is wrath treas-
ured against the day of wrath, and with it will come the
long legislated for reconstructionsuffrageall the at-
tendant abstractions which have so long resisted the
power of corruption, will most certainly fall into line,
overwhelming the world with its positive and direct
power. Then will the corruptions and frauds of lie-
publican leaders be traced, as was the handwriting on
the wall, and it will need (only your Daniel) no inter-
preter, for the long record of terrible results will show
how few can turn the scale of that balance which God and
truth alone adjust. This is no idle political harangue
to back up a partyno argument by which a few worn-out
Sordid, selfish hacks can hold on to clans and spoils. I
speak as I know the hosts of heaven to cry out, and no
power on earth oan stand against it. There is but one
common cry from Maine to Texas, and from the entire
West, and' that is for an equal division, for money, and
release from unjust taxation. The abolition of the In-
ternal Revenue on domestic manufactures is but the
fiy to catch the fish while it lures the eye ; it gives an
entire advantage to the rich manufacturing bondholder,
while to the laborer it is but a drop in the bucket; it is
to the bondholder greater protection, and there is noth-*
ing of merit in it. It is simply one of those cunning
moves on the part of the bondholder and political capi-
talistsshrewd menwho would by such seeming fore-
thought deceive the unwary; in fact, it amounts to
nothing more or less than a present gag.
But, says one, the people are never satisfied. We
have asked before : we ask again : Who saved the na-
tion's honor ? Who stands to-day the embodiment of a
nations strength ? And where our safety ? We are not
a monarchyhave our leaders the shamefacedness to
upon the people, its soldiers, its marines, and sailors,
when only a few spasmodic actions, moved mostly by
the ladies in the forms of fairs and festivals, etc., have
meted out to them a small pittance to save from a speedy
death ; nay, political capitalist bondholder, protect the
people, for they are your only protection.
It is not the members of a radical Congress, the Cabi-
net, tiie Senate, House of Representatives, nor any or
all of the leaders of party who stand ready to peril life
and limb in the hour of imminent danger. As in the
war, so we have it now, men who will prate and grow
eloquent over national honor, and swear by their own
honesty. Yet; I ask, what is one of them doing to save
the national credit, or restore to us as a nation the power
of self-sustenance and self-respect ? Friends, we may
i ^
blush and deny, but it is Gods truth that, as we exist
now, we are a living libel on the word republican gov-
ernment.
When Mr. Lincoln passed to the-better land, aDd Mr.
Johnson, by virtue of his office, came into the Executive
Chair, the whole world looked on with wonder ; the old
world amazed, and ourselves proud and inflated, boasted
of tbe wonderful, steady force and power with which
we moved on, merging out of the most fearful and de-
moralizing war that the sun ever shone upon; we drew
through the silent magnetic links of common interest,
the entire North and West together; the good Mr. Lin-
colns eftim and well-disposed will and expression to-
ward the South, softened and held' out the nope which
a Christian gives to his erring brother. Money then was
plenty; we had no fears, and when the blow fell and
Mr. Johnson took his seat, his first words of wisdom, for
they were that, called again to the hearts of tbe people,
and they said truly we have not mistaken our man ; and
the grandeur and dignity with which national matters
moved on were felt, gratefully felt, by all the nation. The
wondrous spell which bound humanity then, alas I is
brokenand why ? Because the tempter came, and that
tempter is the same in its primates as that which existed
or made its appearance in the beautiful garden of Eden
love of powerhow dangerous, dressed in a little brief
authority, pushed into power ; then came its attempt to
rule the Eleven Hundred Million Dollars then in circu-
lation, and every man in (he Cabinet became a sort of in-
dependent financier for himself, and truly the sequel
has shown, if they have not expressed it in words, the
truth of the proverb : Every ttumi for himself, and the
d1 for us all.
It is not surprising, then, that the people should rise
in their might and seek redress, regardless of party,
through whatever channel presents itself ?
Weary of effort, and grown sick with hopes of Con-
gress deferred, what can any thinking man expect but
turbulance and discontent? Over ox.e million voters,
even now, and the movement is almost entirely .new, are
rallying around the National Labor Union platform,
adopting its measures and working out principles they
will sweep through the country, carrying all party spirit
before ittrusting and supporting those men whose
voice and hand have been raised to proteetthem in time
of peril like the present. h. h. d.
Washington, March 23,1868.
jtaxriat
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Colton, FOR SALE.
Gi'eeribacles for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Atiisans and Immigrants, Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
* Centre of ifre World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Oi'edit Fonder and Credit
MoUlier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the'South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Fi'ancisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blades, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION,
NO. XIII.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
IS MB. M'CULLOCH CORRUPT OB INCOMPETENT ?
The Hon. Jobn A. Logan, of Illinois, merits
the warm gratitude of every citizen for his efforts
to bring to light the corruption and fraud with
which the Treasury Department is reeking.
The corruption and fraud of the printing bureau
under that infamous creature Clarke have been
placed on official record by a committee of Con-
gress, and in tbe face of this fact the Secretary
of the Treasury, Mr. MCulloch, not) only permits
him to remain in office but resists ,with all his
official power and influence, every attempt to
remove him from office or to bring to light his
misdeeds and those of the printing bureau be
controls. Debauched, mentally and physically,
saturated with corruption and fraud, social
and official, and with these facts notorious in
Washington, still Mr. McCulloch supports,
defends and perpetuates them, and even dares
to ask his fellow-countrymen to believe that he
tbe honorable Hugh McCullochis pure, in-
corruptible, and a fit person to hold the most
responsible office in the nation's giftthe con-
trol of its finances. If Mr. McCulloch is an
honest man, why does he keep in office dis-
honest officials? Can Printing Bureau Clarke
be all wrong and the honorable Hugh McCulloch
all right? Can the stream be pure when the
fountain head of the Spring is impure ? Has
Clarke a hold on McCulloch and what is it?
What has McCulloch done that makes him
afraid to discharge Clarke ? Why does Mc-
Culloch quash all investigations into Treasury
Department affairs ?
mCULLOCHS TIGHT MONET MARKET TO SUIT JAY
COOKE.
Mr. McCulloch may as well understand that
the whole country is disgusted with him, his
policy and mode of managing the Treasury
Department. The conduct of Mr. Yan Dyck,
the Assistant Treasurer, throughout the recent
stringency in the money market has intensified
this disgust. It has been seen plainly that Mr.
Yan Dyck has acted in concert with Jay Cooke
& Co. during the last fortnight, to produce a
stringency in the money market and a panic in
Wall Street, which would have eventuated in
results disastrous to the whole spring trade of
the country if these gentlemen had had their way.
They did succeed in advancing the rates for
loans to 7 per cent in gold, charged by the
National Bank of Commerce and other usurous
banks, BreckenbridgeCoal Thompson of the
First National Bank and others, and enabled
Jay Cooke & Co. and other firms to make 7 per
cent, interest besides a commission of £ and 4
per cent per day for the loan of money which
tbey called by the euphemistic term of turn-
ing Government bonds and stocks.
THE LEGAL TERM IS PAWNBROKING.
The rates realized for loans of money out of
the necessities of the community by Charles H.
Russell of the Bank of Commerce, Biecken-
bridgeCoal Thompson of the First National
Bank, Jay Cooke & Co., and others, were greater
than the law permits pawnbrokers to charge under
the penally of punishment and the loss of their
license to rob the people. High rates of interest
are a direct tax on the industrial interest of the
country. They are a direct tax levied upon the
people in money at the moment when money is
the most scarce. The men, therefore, who
make money tight are enemies of the people and
are barriers to progress and prosperity. They
are oppressors of the people. Their policy
makes the rich richer and the poor poorer."
In the recent stringency the many have had
taken from them the profits of months and per-
haps years ; the accumulated earnings of hard
toil, by usurous rates of interest to enrioh the


20G
few, banks, bank-managers and money-lenders
who are already too rich either for their own
good or that of society. All this has been done,
within the last fortnight, through the active
connivance of Mr. Van Dyck, the Assistant-
Treasurer, under the auspices and with the as-
sent of Mr. McCulloch. Mr. McCulloch could
have prevented the whole of the recent stringency by
commanding Mr. Van Dyck to buy seven-thirty
notes in accordance with the written instruc-
tions sent to New York about March 16th.
Why did Mr. McCulloch countermand this
order ? Did Jay Cooke & Co. telegraph him to
countermand the order to buy seven-thirties ?
Did Mr. H. D. Cooke get Gen. Spinner to rake
up the war requisitions for $15,000,000 to fur-
nish Mr. McCulloch with an excuse for selling
gold and not buying seven-thirtyvnotes in order
to produce a stringency in the money market
and a panic and decline in government bonds
and stocks? Did Mr. Fahnestock, of Jay Cooke
& Co., go to Washington and stay there to keep
Mr. McCulloch on the right track? Did Jay
Cooke & Co., about a month ago, when they
were loaded up with seven-thirty notes, urge
Mr. Van Dyck and McCulloch to buy them at
107& to 1071 ? Did Jay Cooke & Go. urge Mr.
McCulloch and Mr. Van Dyck not to buy them
last week when they were 105 & io 106? Did Jay
Cooke & Co. and P. M. Myers urge Mr. Van
Dyck to sell gold and not buy seven-thirty notes
during the heighth of the money pressure for
the purpose of producing a panic and decline
in government bonds ? Did Jay Cooke & Co.
and P. M. Myers offer and sell seven-thirty
notes for cash, and seller three,- at ^ and £ per
cent, below the market price regular, in order
to bear the market and bring down the price
of government bonds ? In what way is govern-
ment credit strengthened by the efforts of As-
sistant Treasurer Van Dyck, Jay Cooke & Co.,
P. M. Myers and other government brokers to
bring down the prices of government bonds in
the open market? Are these men, thus inde-
fatigable in bringing down the prices of govern-
ment bonds for their selfish personal ends, fit
or worthy to act for government or the people
in any representative capacity?- On the con-
trary, the higher the prices of government boids
the better it is for the credit of government and
the mercantile community. The men who run
down the prices of government securities and
create a tight money market are enemies of
government, enemies of the nation, enemies of
mercantile credit, enemies of national progress,
enemies to the industrial classes, andare friends
only to pawnbrokersShylocks who acknowl-
edge no country, and no good in this world, but
filling their coffers regardless of the means.
We trust that the Hon. John A. Logan will
give this matter his prompt and immediate at-
tention. The interests ot the natiou, not Wall
street, are at stake. Wall street can always
take care of itself. Wall street can always
get money when the rest of the country cannot.
Mr. McCullochs blow was aimed at Wall street,
but it bit the rest of the country. Again we
ask, is Mr. McCulloch corrupt or incompetent?
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
AAEON AND THE GOLDEN CALS'.
DREWS GREAT JERSEY BANQUET TO THE HE
BREW TRUSTEES.
THE JERSEY AND HEBREW FLAGS ENTWINED.
GORGEOUS SCENES OP ORIENTAL SPLENDOR.
THE GRANDEST BANQUET EVER GIVEN IN THIS
HEMISPHERE.
$lue ( fjUmddtttitftt.
MAGNIFICENT DECORATIONS.
BARE GEMS OF ART.
SPLENDID STATUARY.
THE MODERN SHYLOCKS.
BRILLIANT SPEECHES.
RICH DEVELOPMENTS ABOUT RAILWAY MANAGE-
MENT.
ALL ABOUT THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND
TIGHT MONEY.
NEW WALL STREET TRICKS AMONG RESPECT-
ABLE STOCK FIRMS.
UNCLE DANIEL AND THE COMMODORE IN UNISON.
THE NEW TRUSTEES AND THEIR SPEECHES.
UNCLE DANIEL COMPLETELY ECLIPSES ALL HIS
FORMER EFFORTS AT LIBERALITY.
The talk among the brokers during the past week has
been about tight money, which The Revolution ex-
posed in its last number, and also the Erie fight; but the
great and all-absorbing topic of conversation in financial
circles has b eon the
ELEGANT BANQUET GIVEN BY UNCLE DANIEL
to the Hebrew Trustees, The event occurred in Jer-
sey, as Une.e Daniel and the Erie Directors are so
VERY BUSY IN JERSEY CITY
at present that they could not spare the time to cross the
ferry. A magnificent pavilion was erected on the M Long
Dock, sixteen hundred feet long by three hundred feet
wide; This structure was splendidly frescoed, and' the
walls were hung with' costly and rare gems of art, while
scattered hero and there were many pieces of statuary,
and life-like tableaux, all representing
LIVE ISSUES AND RECENT OCCURRENCES
on the street. Uncle Daniel is completely wrapped up
in the Hebrew faith, and delights to honor the Trustees
of his new synagogue, to be erected on Murray TTilf, when
bis pressing engagements in-Jersey arofulfiled.
The old man is gaming a world-wide reputation, and
The Revolution is determined to assist him in his
good work. The Hebrew faith has spread rapidly since
Uncle Daniels conversion, and
SELIGMAN HAD BETTER LOOK* OUT
for his congregation or Uncle Daniel will take a good por-
tion of them to his new synagogue.
THE DECORATIONS,
as usual, were really gorgeous, and admired by every one
of the Trustees.
DUCK SHOOTING
was represented by
FAHENSTOCK AND HENRY COOKE,
in close conversation with
MCULLOCH AND SPINNER AT WASHINGTON.
This picture was intended to represent the two patriots*
Fahnestock mid Cooke,
ADVISING THE SECRETARY AND TREASURER
of the United States not to buy 7-30 notes at 105 and re-
lieve the money stringency, which was destroying the
whole business of the country, but to wait a while and
the notes would decline. It may be necessary for the
information of the general public to state that the same
two patriots were dogging the Secretary to buy at 107-^,
when money was easy and they had a load of 7-30 notes
on hand, but at 105>£ Rumor says they were short, and
hence their disinterested patriotism. Everyone present
knowing the inside -workings of the recent money pres-
sure praised this painting most lavishly. This is what
FAHNESTOCK CALLS DUCK SHOOTING ON THE POTO-
MAC (!)
Wonder if everything is quiet on the Potomac ?
CHEAP FARES
were represented by a long train of well filled Erie cars
labelled to Buffalo for seven dollars, while in the back
ground was a short train of empty cars ou the Central
road, labelled to Buffalo at old rates.
UNCLE DANIEL SHOWED THIS
to all tbe Trustees, and seemed to delight in the picture.
THE CAN CAN
was another splendid work of art, being a painting by
Bierstadt, two hundred feet by fifty. It represented life-
size portraits of the
GRAND DUCH-SS VAN DYCK, PETE MYERS, EDDY
DODGE AND ALLEBDICE DANCING THE CAN CAN,
while the Tight Money Band was playing favorite airs
from the Duchess of Geroestein. This caused a general
shout of laughter from every one present, and the char-
acters were so well portrayed that it added largely to the
fame of Bierstadt as an artist. Uncle Daniel was so well
pleased with it himself that he has ordered a number of
engravings to be struck from it, which be will present to
all the
SHYLOCKS OF WALL STREET.
THE ERIE NAVY DEPARTMENT
was represented by a real yawl boat, in the centre of
which sat
JIM FISK WITH AN OAR
in each hand, and dressed in a sailors suit of blue, cov-
ered all over with gold lace and brass buttons. In the
stern of the boat was
A LADY, ONE OF THE BELLES (!) OF JERSEY CITY,
who offered her services, publicly, for this occasion only,
while the boat was armed in the bow with a number of
BOTTLES OF CHAMPAGNE.
This caused a complete yell of delight, and the Trustees
cheered lustily.
COMMODORE JIM FISK
bowed his thanks,
WHILE THE LADY KISSED
her hand to the company. Uncle Dauiel was delighted at
this hit, and ordered the band to play Champagne
Charley, while the Trustees, including tbe
OLD 'MAN, DANCED A WAR DANCE
around the Erie gunboat.
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE
was the subject of a splendid group of marble statuary.
The centre piece was a life-size representation of
CHARLES H. RUSSELL, OF THE BANK OF COMMERCE,
personating Shylock, the Jew, aud sharpening his knife
for the pound of flesh, while around him were a uumber
of other pieces faithfully representing the profiles of well-
known brokers, who were borrowers during the money
pressure of last week. Each oue of the brokers held in
his hand an envelope, containing securities, aud were
begging
SHYLOCK RUSSELL
to lend them mouey. Above this group were the words
SEVEN PER CENT. GOLD INTEREST AND A COMMIS-
SION.
This group of statuary was much admired, not only for
its fine workmanship but for the telliug facte it so truth-
fully portrayed. Uncle Daniel said jocosely that them
ere
CRITTERS OF THE BANK OF COMMERCE, RUSSELL
AND VAIL,
would probably be sorry yet for having squeezed borrow-
ers, and inaugurated the system of coin interest. He said
also that
THE REVOLUTIONS EXPOSE OF BUSSELLS
mercantile career was harrowing up old times, and was
already talked of in society. He said he remembered
well Wheu he was poorer' than he is now, before he
plucked the Erie Company ; how he used to live in a
CHEAP BOARDING-HOUSE KEPT BY THE VAILS,
and he never thought that that
. CRITTER VAIL HAD BRAINS AND BRASS
enough to work himself up to be a bank cashier, aud
A SHARPER AT THAT.
FORT ERIE
was a superb painting of Taylors Hotel, Jersey City,
surrounded by policemen and soldiers.
THE COURT JESTER
was a telling hit of the 19th century. It represented au
apartment in Taylor's Hotel, with tbe we:l known faces
of Uncle Daniel,
ELDBIDGE, OTIS, GOULD
and other Erie officials and friends, while
JIM FISK, THE RETIRED CIRCUS CLOWN,
attired in grotesque costume, was dancing and amusing
the company.with jokes. This created a general, laugh,
and even Jeemes himself admitted it was truthful, and
called up pleasant memories of tbe past.


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