Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS ARB NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO. 14.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, APRIL 9, 1868.
- $2 A YEAR.
SINGLE COPY 10 CENTS.
I)f linuililtinn.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.)
PARKER PILLSBDRY, )
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor*
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 17).
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND SUB-
SCRIBERS.
We ask our numerous readers to help us roll
up our list of subscribers until we reach the
above number. Nothing short of this ensures
our complete success. We are still sending out
specimen copies in every direction, and we
ask our readers to send us lists of names
of liberal people who would be likely to ap-
preciate our demands for woman. As we are
the organ of the National Party of New America
we are in haste to have our telegraphic poles
set and wires strung all through the land, that
we may speak from Maine to California when
the campaign opens. s. b. a.
At 2 oclock on Saturday morning last, new
hopes and prospects dawned upon the Green
Isle. The Tory ministry were defeated in the
House of Commons by a majority of sixty votes,
and the Irish people will probably not much
longer be compelled to kiss the great toe of the
Church of England. No meaner relic of bar-
barism prevails in the civilized or uncivilized
world than that of compelling a people to sup'
port a religion in which they do not be-
lieve. Even the London Times confidently
predicts that the national will is soon to be ex-
pressed and in no uncertain sound ; it will
insist that the work so happily begun shall be
thoroughly performed. This mornings vote
is the dawn of a reunited empire. * * *
The wrongs pf ages are to be ended and right
done amid the acclamation of the nation. The
Atlantic cable has never been better employed
than in darting these tidings through the vasty
deep.
Some of our journals say that of course Mr.
Wade will not vote on any questions in the
pending trial, because, as he is to be Mr. John-
sons successor, be could not act in the case
without prejudice. Now, The Revolution
does not believe in this kind of morals. If Mr.
Wade is an honest man, and we can safely trust
him in the White House, we can trust him to
vote on the conviction or acquittal of Andrew
Johnson. Mr. Wade knows himself better than
any other man does, and if he is sure that he
could give strength and wisdom to the nation
as President, he should do all in his power to
secure the position. When the ship of state is
in danger of being wrecked on an unknown
coast, let any man who can see beyond the
mists and fog, promptly seize the helm. There-
fore, Mr. Wade, vote. e. c. s.
The Chicago New Covenant, an excellent Uni-
versalist journal, by the way, rejoices to see and
to say that any one who reads the papers can-
not tail to notice from week to week the growth
of public sentiment in relation to the Woman
question, and the awakening of women them-
selves to the great fact that the day is nigh at
htfiid yes, and even now is, when the whole
world is thrown open to them as it is to man.
Among the sjraws which show the way the
current sets, is the announcement that Mrs.
Elizabeth Darrah has been appointed inspector
of tobacco and snuff and cigars in the Fourth
Indiana District, as successor to her late bus*
band. This is the first instance of the ap-
pointment of a woman to the internal revenue
service outside of the Bureau. But it will not
be the last. Then Miss Bessie Bisbeethe sis-
ter of our Rev. H. Bisbee, by the waya young,
beautiful and talented speaker, lectured for the
Democrats in New Hampshirewhich she had
as good a right to do as Anna Dickinson to lec-
ture for the Republicans. A young Russian
lady, aged twenty-four, has just been invested
with the. degree of Doctor of Medicine by the
University of Zurich. Among the graduating
class of five ladies, who received diplomas from
the New England Female Medical College, was
one who is preparing to go to Turkey as a Chris-
tian missionary, in the line of the medical pro-
fession, and Rev. Dr. Hague, in the Baptist
Watchman and Reflector, who approves this in-
novation,, declares that the appointment of
lady physicians to missionary work will ere long
be a recognized measure in the ordinary routine
of progressive work.
The New York Daily News reports the follow-
ing. Revolutions like those now upheaving the
churches never go backward. When the Metho-
dist General Conference split in two in 1844,
Henry Clay and Mr. Calhoun predicted a bro-
ken national Union as sure to follow. The
church is now giving the right to vote to wo-
men in all church affairs. The state must soon
follow the good example.. But hear the News:
jA sight was afforded the good people of the Thirteenth
Ward this week, which would have delighted the hearts
of the conductors of TheRevolution, the Womens
Rights organ, and which, now that the Daily News re-
cords the event, will agitate the bosoms of the friends
of female suffrage the country throughout. The annual
election for three trustees of the Alanson M. E. Church
(Norfolk street, near Grand), of which Rev. Mr. Harris,
the converted Jew, is pastor, took place on last Monday
evening.
As by a reoently adopted rule of the corporation, the
ladies of the congregation were permitted to participate.
Some one or two hundred of the fair sex gathered about
the doors of the edifice, before the time announced for
the commencement of the struggle, and excitedly can-
vassed the merits of the various candidates presented
for their suffrages. Scouting paities started off in vari-
ous directions to bring up delinquent voters, and on all
sides the conduct of the fair politicians reminded us of
an animated election struggle in a closely-contested
country town.
The ballot-boxes were in the lecture room or basement
of (he church, and in charge of Inspectors John Mid-
dleton and Hon. Thomas Gallagher. We unhesitatingly
state from positive knowledge that no scratching was
done save to the tickets. (We say this much for the
.cause.)
The result as given to the throng by the elderly per-
son aforesaid was, for Mr. Thomas Marshall, 439 ; Mr.
Levi Mabie, Jr., 360 ; Mr. Henry Hume, 331; Mr. B.
Reed, who was on the split ticket, very strangely re-
ceived but 134 votes. The ladies claim a great victory,
as Mr, Reed was the champion of the opponents of fe-
male suffrage, and it seems a great pity that Mr. George
Francis Train was not present to participate in the re-
joicings the triumph occasioned.
The Reading Daily Times says a calm,
self-possessed young lady in a village Down
East received a long call the other day from a
prying old spinster, who, after prolonging her
stay beyond even her own conception of the
young ladys endurance, came to the main ques-
tion which had brought her thither. Ive
been asked a good many times if you were en-
gaged to Dr. D. Now, if folks inquire again
whether you be or not, what shall I tell em I
think? Tell them, answered the young
lady, fixing her calm blue eyes in unblushing
steadiness upon the inquisitive features of her
interrogate!; tell them that you think you
dont know, and you are sure it is none of your
business.
The Chicago Advance is one of the ablest and
best public journals of its kind. It probably owes
its existence to the alleged heterodox tendencies
of the New York Independent. As a religions
newspaper strictly, it is better than the Inde-
pendent. When it is as old, and before it is half
as rich, it may excel its metropolitan rival in
other ways. There is one thing in which it is
now inuch farther behind than it need be, at
least need be on the score of sound policy, and
that is suffrage for woman.' The bold and
friendly stand of the Independent on that ques-
tion has gained it thousands of subscribers, and
probably never cost it one. A measure so pal-
pably just must commend itself to every en-
lightened conscience, and so all opposition to it
is protence.
The Advance evidently favoYs the right, but
doubts the expediency of a full declaration.
And it permits, with becoming liberality, Prof.
Bartlett to pile up its columns with his pudding-
stone arguments against it, drawn, as he claims,
from history, authority, nature, Scripture and
Providence, until one seems in danger of being
crushed by his avalanche logic. But mean*
time, into a quiet comer of the Advance, the
editor has introduced a Layman from Iowa,s*
who, with his sturdy Thor-hammer, pulverizes


210
n* iUvfllutitftt.

the Professors pudding-stone, fossils and all,
in the following manner:
I would ask by what right Prof. Bartlett, Prof. Haven,
or Pastor Helracr votes in the churches to which they be*
long? Certainly not because they are professors, or
pastors. They have but one simple basis for their righ t,
and that is the basis of membership in the church where
they vote. The pastor cannot vote unless he is a mem*
her of the church. No other relation whatever can give
him this jight. If it be called in question, no one would
urge in their behalf the fact that they were of a certain
age, that they were of the male sex, that they were this,
thator the other, but would turn to the church record,
and if they appeared there as unquestioned members,
their right to vote would be established beyond contro-
versy. If membership does this for them, I ask why it
does less or more for any others, male or female, old or
young, black or white? Civil law is urged against us,
but civil law is in exact accord with the principles here
stated. Women, minors, unnaturalized foreigners, etc.,
are not members of the body politic, and, therefore, are
not allowed to vote. So soon us any of them become
members their right is unquestioned. Prof. Bartlett
claims it as the universal practice in Congregational
churches in New England to deny the sisterhood the
ballot. Tf so, so much the worse for New England!
But I belonged to a church in Connecticut twelve years,
and io another in Massachusetts three years, and never
heard of such a thing, and did not suppose it existed in
any. If it exists io others, it is timeit.ceased to be so.
A few years since, one of the churches of this state had
but a single male member, but a noble sisterhood.
Prof. Bartlett says such a church might as well die.
Instead, however, the work of those sisters was blessed
of God, and now that is a strong; self-sustaining church,
and doing much to sustain others. Ought those sisters
to have been denied the rights of membership, and that
one man allowed to lord it over Gods heritage ? Let us
not receive or attempt to receive any with a pretence of'
admitting them to our membership and then deny them
the rights pertaining to membership. n. h. b.
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESEN-
TATION.
A friend who has just wok up to the wrongs
of woman, writes us of this new movement to
get rid of taxation :
My Dear Mrs. Stanton : Since writing you last, I
have made several discoveriesone is, that a lady in
Troy has gotten up a petition, and already presented it
to the Legislature, to have the taxes removed from all
ladies who have less than $5,000. This bill they say will
pass. She has got Mr. Griswold and other prominent
men on it. This will be as much as our Legislature will
do this year. Then another Mnk is, that this Constitu-
tion must pass muster, or they must wait twenty years
before they can make another; if this does not pass, then
the old one must remain. This is what I have learned
by talking over my petition. I find talking on the sub-
ject is doing a great deal of good, and perhaps to get the
subject before the people, is at present better than a pe-
tition to the Legislature, for they hear every man of
them, every movement made by a woman. Your paper
is a power, and I must get you more subscribers.
You are mistaken about the Constitutional
Convention. The Legislature can call one any
time they choose, and all the more easily if this
one is defeated. We have had enough of these
Republican half measures.
We are glad to see this movement of women
property-holders for release from taxation.
Our Constitutional Convention, in refusing wo-
men their right of representation, left them the
logical right to rebel against taxation. Suppose
the fifty widows of Rochester, whom our friend
knows, with the one hundred ot the Brick
Church, would this very springrefuse to pay
their taxes, leaving the officers of the law to
seize and sell their furniture at auction, what a
practical demonstration they would make of
their faith in the good old doctrine of The
Revolution Taxation without representation
is tyranny. Agitation! agitation!!
Quest.Is not suavity the soul of wit, and
brevity only its body ?
CHILDREN IN MASSACHUSETTS FACTO-
RIES.
Jt is the nineteenth century, whatever facts
in our progress may seem to be of the
ninth or before. New England claims to be
a source and centre of modern civilization, and
Massachusetts its chief reservoir. But in that
boasting state are too often found indications of
barbarism and cruelty to chill the blood. At
the disclosures ot the last two years in some of
its* charitable and reformatory institutions, hu-
manity almost stands aghast! An ancient river
was said to sink in the sands in one country,
and, flowing on in its hidden channel, ap-
pealed at length in another far distant country.
Lid the bloody stream of slavery sink in the Car*
olinas and Mississippi, to gush up with almost
equal horrors in Massachusetts ? The state has
a law that prohibits the employment of children
in factories under the age of ten years. Chil-
dren so employed between the ages of ten and
fifteen years must have had at least three
months* schooling during the year next preced-
ing their employment. Such children are not to
be employed more than sixty hours in one
week. How far the law is observed appears
from the report recently made by the officer ap-
pointed to have charge of its enforcement. In
Fall River he found one thousand children em-
ployed in factories, mostly of foreign parentage,
ia a generally low condition, ignorant in many
cases of their own ages, earning very low
wages, and deprived in great part or altogether
of the school privileges which the law requires.
To illustrate the spirit of some of the employ-
ers, the officer inquired of the agent of one of
the principal factories, whether it was the cus-
tom to do anything for the physical, intellec-
tual, or moral welfare of the work people. The
answer would not have been out of place in the
master of plantations, or the captain of a coolie
ship : We never do; as for myself, I regard
my work people as I regard my machinery ; so
long as they can do my work for what I choose
to pay them, I keep them, and get out of them
all I can. What they do, or how they fare, out-
side of my walls, I do not know. They must
lock out for themselves, as I do for myself.
When my machinery gets old and useless, I re-
ject it and get new ; and these people are a part
of my machinery. Another agent in another
part Of the state replied to a similar question,
that he used his mill-hands as he used his
horse ; as long as he was in good condition
and rendered good service, he treated him well;
otherwise he got rid of him as soon as he could,
and what became of him afterward was no affair
of his. That man, the report says, had up-
wards of one hundred children in his employ-
ment, most of whom had never attended school.
These are cases of exceptional hardship ; but in
the majority of establishments it is believed
that, by the connivance of parents and employ-
ers, the law is violated, at least in some of its
parts, to a most fearful extent. When women,
mothers, have the ballot, how soon will many
such outrages and cruelties he suppressed!
p. p.
^9
A writer in the Methodist says: Austria and
Rome form the subject of an essay in which we
learn that since the passage of the civil mar-
riage act the power of Rome will decrease,
and the final separation of Church and State
be hastened. Womans Influence in the Com-
monwealth is discussed at lengtha healthy
sign for any religious paper.
ENGLISH MOVEMENI FOR WOMANS
SUFFRAGE.
V, A National Society for Womans Suffrage
has just been organized at Manchester, Eng-
land, the objeetof which is thus succinctly set
forth: to obtain for women the right of votiug
for members of Parliament on the same condi-
tion as it is or may'be granted to men. The
qualification to be approval of this purpose,
and the payment of a small subscription. The
methods proposed for the accomplishment
of this object are fbiis set forth :
Members of tiie Society, and others, are earnestly
requested to aid the movement1. By bringing the
question under the notice of members of Parliament
whenever they appear before tbeir constituents. 2.
Should notice of any motion, friendly or hostile, be
given in the House of Commons, by writing letters ask-
ing the local members to support the principle of Wo-
men's Suffrage. 3. In case of an election, by calling on
every candidate to declare whether be considers that
women who fulfil the conditions required of men, might,
to be excluded from the franchise. 4. If they are women
possessing the legal qualification, by claiming to be put
on the register of electors, either by the overseers or in
the revising barristers court. 6. By trying to procure
insertion of facts and arguments bearing on the ques-
tion, in the local press. 6. By communicating to the
secretary any information likely to be useful to the So-
ciety, and the names of such persons as may be disposed
to assist the cause. 7. Where there are three or four
members in the same place, by uniting to form a local
committee. 8. By endeavoring to increase the number
of members.
It is declared in one of the societys circulars,
that exclusion of women from the parliamen-
tary vote is exceptional and perhaps illegal in
the case of freeholders; it is certainly wonder-
ful in a country where the head of the executive
government is a woman. It is believed that
the recent Reform act distinctly admits both
sexes to the vote. It is deemed important to
have women who are householders and other-
wise possessed of the legal qualifications for the
franchise, placed on the register, before the re-
vising officer inspects it. If he rejects such
names, the question will then be brought to
judicial examination.
The Secretary of the society is Lydia E. Beck-
er, 113 Carter Street, Greenheys, Manchester,
England.
t( FORWARD MARCH

Such is the word of command given by the
Chicago Evening Post, to head its comments on
the lecture of Anna E. Dickinson, recently de-
livered in that city. Its comments are only
samples of what we could crowd The Revo-
lution with every week, from the press all
over the west, especially the influential part of
the press :
The lecture of Anna Dickinson, said a friend to us
last night, was a very creditable affair for a woman.*
We thought it a very creditable affair for a man, and one
which would have done honor, alike in manner and in
matter, to the best of men. We wish there were more
Anna. Dickinsons to talk to the people in behalf of a cause
which is daily gaining ground throughout the world, and
which is destined, at no distant day, to be an accom-
plished fact. It is true that the advocates and support-
ers of the franchise for women are in the minority now.
So, at one time, were the advocates of civil and religious
liberty, of education for the masses, and of Equal Rights
tor all men. The best men and the greatest statesmen
were once bitterly opposed to all these things; but
Truth never gives up the struggle. Injustice, like that
of taxing citizens to support laws which they have no
voice in making, cannot survive the test of 1 time and
the inevitable march of events. It is time that people
began to ponder upon this subject The ballot for wo-
man is nearer a realized fact than many of them think.
The fight is olose at band,


211
iUvtfttttifltt. *
DECEITFULNESS OF THE PRESS.
1. Ir is not presumptuous to say that the laws of God
and humanity make the defeat of the republican party
impossible.
2. The republican party is to America what the Refor-
mation was to Europe. It is the child of the Revolution
of
3. When the republican party championed the idea of
freedom, success followed as the night the day.
4. In the Fremont campaign of 1856, few republicans
imagined that in seven years their party would sweep
slavery from the land.
5. We believe in the republican party because its pur-
pose is unaccomplished. If we look at its career simply
as an abstraction, divesting ourselves of all sympathy
with its aims, we must perceive that it is the embodi.
ment and instrument of one great idea. And what is
that ? That all men are created free and equal.
6. Its success proves that its rise and growth-is as
truly a great movement of the humanrace as was the Re-
formation, or the French revolution.
These will do for one chapter. They are all
excerpts from a single article in the New York
Tribune. The Tribune, in good Anglo-Saxon,
calls some things, lies. It even calls some men
liars m its columns, to their very faces. It does
it deliberately. The Hebrew poet said he only
did it in his haste. The Revolution chari-
tably hopes better things. It does not call men
copperheads, nor yet liars ; but it takes the
liberty to call in question, and sometimes in be-
half of truth and justice, to contradict even the
immaculate Tribune. The Revolution doubts
every one of the statements composing the text
of this article. It holds the first verse to be
simply blasphemous. The republican party,
not the laws of God and humanity, hung
Seward about the national neck ; a millstone
heavier than sunk Babylon. The republican
party crucified Hannibal Hamlin, and cursed the
. country with Barabbas Judas Johnson instead.
It now determines to succeed him with Grant,
of whom it is to be believed as well as feared
Wendell Phillips speaks truly, when he says :
His warmest friends dare nol claim that he has any ideas
whose drunkenness in the streets of Washington is not de-
niedand wbo has not yet condescended to let the coun-
try know which side of this great question of reconstruc-
tion his convictions (if he has any) lead him to take..
What such a party has to do with the laws of
God and humanity it were difficult to conceive.
It savors rather of the devil and inhumanity.
The second declaration of the Tribune seems
equally absurd. The abolitionists, not the re-
publican party, are what the Reformation was to
Europe. The Prelacy of England was the de-
bris, the chips and chaff of Luthers work, from
the Eighth Henry to George the Fourth. It is
so stilL Its counterpart in America was a many-
headed Protestantism that welded slavery to
Scripture, sanctifying it and all its shameless
abominations in the name of patriarchs, pro-
phets and apostles, until the monster made the
church its last hiding-place, its bulwark, its
forlorn hope. What Prelacy in England
and Protestantism in America were to the Re-
formation, that republicanism was to the abo-
litionists in America. To the Reformation in
Europe it had no more relation or resemblance
than had the zeal of the crucifiers of Christ to
the hallowed fervor of Isaiah or the faith of
Abraham.
The third verse of the Tribune's chapter will
be admitted to be true, when it can show that
it ever did champion the idea of freedom.
So of the fourth. If, in the Fremont cam-
paign of, 1856, any republicans imagined that
their party in seven years would sweep slav-
ery from the land, it was a vain imagination
never realized. On the contrary, the party be-
gan with Mr. Lincolns first administration to
give slavery new guarantees, unknown, unheard
of before in the palmiest periods of the demo-
cratic party. With the slave states bristling in
rebellion, Mr. Lincoln appealed to them in his
first inaugural address, as his dissatisfied fellow-
countrymen, and proffered them, to correct their
misapprehension, the following :
I understand an amendment has passed Congress to
the effect that the Federal government shall never inter-
fere with the domestic institutions of the states, includ-
ing that of persons held to service or labor.
To avoid misconstruction of most that I have said, I
depart from my purpose not to speak of particular
amendments, so far as to say that holding such a pro-
vision to now he implied constitutional law, I have no
objection to its being made Express and Irrevocable.
Express and Irrevocable! When did the
democratic party ever bend so low as that in
the temple of their Juggernaut ? When the slave-
holders drove us to arms in 4e^er|Ce of the na-
tionality, even Gen. Butlers first address to
them was with an offer to aid them in suppress-
ing any insubordination among their slaves.
Gen. McClellan, too, under date, Cincinnati, O.,
May 26, 1861, issued his proclamation to rebel
slaveholders as follows :
* Your homes, your families and your property
are safe under our protection. All your rights shall be
religiously respected.
Notwithstanding all that has been said by the traitors
to induce you to believe that our advent among you will
be signalized by interference with your slaves, under-
stand one thing clearlynot only will we abstain from all
such interference, but we will, on the contrary, with an
iron arm, crash any attempt at insurrection on their
part. * * * * * * *
The Tribune itself declared, as late as June,
1863, to this effect:
Ardently and unceasingly desirous of peace, there has
never been a moment when, had the rebel chiefs sent an
agent to the President to say, We will give up the re-
bellion, lay down our arms, and return to the Union, if
you will stipulate that the Confiscation Act and your ,
Emancipation policy shall bo no further pressed to our
prejudice, and we had been asked to advise him as to
his action in the premises, that our prompt response
would not have been, Accept those terms at once, and
give this distracted country peace."
And to the last gun of the war, it was the
pride and boast of the President and his party
that it was prosecuted sacredly and unreservedly
in the interests of the Unionthe Union with
slaveholdersand that when emancipation was
proclaimed,.it was because our army and navy,
numbering two million six hundred and fifty-
six thousand five hundred and fifty-three of the
best men who ever fought, were unequal to the
contest! What right the republican party has
to claim credit for sweeping slavery from the
land, it is impossible for human mind to un-
derstand. The devils cast out of the young
man in Scripture, tearing and rending him
as they came out, could as well have claimed
credit for his cure, and presented a doctors bill
-to his parents.
The fifth and sixth utterances are sufficiently
contradicted already. What the party has to do
with the doctrine that all men are created
equal, will be more clearly seen than now when
it even acknowledges black male citizenship, to
say nothing of the female hemisphere of hu-
manity. But while in government, school,
church, graveyard and heaven (if not in hell),
the negro-pew distinction is to be respected,
the republican party cannot say too little about
the Declaration of Independence.
And then as to its success, so vaunted ;
Mormonism has succeeded longer. Mahometan-
ism counts its conquests in myriads through
many ages ; while the Roman Catholic church,
I emerging from the twilight of fable while the
smoke of sacrifice yet rose from the Pantheon,
has bounded forward through almost two thou-
sand years, until to-day she counts her faithful
up to a hundred and fifty millions ; while a hun-
dred and twenty millions are the highest boast
of all the other sects in Christendom together!
The democratic party was old when the repub-
lican party was bom ; and, heaven help us! may
outlive it yet.
But our article grows too long. It is this de-
ceitfulness of the so-called radical press*
which works such incalculable ruin to national
conscience and character. Open gulfs can be
shunned, but covered pits who can escape?
The democratic party, so long the acknowledged
ally and support of slavery, went down before
the storm of war swept slavery away. It re-
mained torpid, loathsome, but innoxious, until
republicanism, sliding down and down, reached
the very slough wherein democracy had vege-
tated so long, and again warmed it into life.
Had the republican party maintained only the
integrity of 1866, the old democracy had been
known no more forever. But the party leaders
debauched themselves and corrupted the peo-
ple, until last year the two parties so resembled
each other in haggardness of look, word and
action, that the people saw little to choose be-
tween them. Then began the decline, if not
the fall of the party in power.
There is no government in Washington capa-
ble of perpetuating or reproducing itself. Or
were it possible that one should be begotten in
the image and likeness of the Federal head for
each revolted state, could it be cursed with
worse calamity? Righteousness and repent-
ance, freedom and justice, are not even an article
of faith, still less of practice, in restoring the
government. Emancipation was a military ne-
cessity, not an act of magnanimity, honor, jus-
tice, and still less of humanity, repentance and
reformation.
Suffrage to black men in the south is a politi-
cal necessity, not an act of right for the sake of
light. Impeaching the President is a party
trick dictated by a demagogue determination to
hold place, power and pelf. Were the trial and
hanging of Jefferson Davis a similar necessity,
his life would be no more than a mushroom in
the party desperation. The south is hated by
the party leaders at the north, and hates back in
1eturn. And yet we are stunned with the prate
about restoring the Union; as if fire and fulmi-
nating powder could be moulded into bread!
The hate now engendered in the southern heart
by the northern treatment of her, will burn as
the flames of hell for generations, by all the laws
of natural life and being. Gerrit Smith and a
few others preach forbearance towards her as
our fellow-sinner as well as sufferer, and are
mocked for their pains, or branded as copper-
heads. The press has almost supplanted the
pulpit in power and influence, but nowhere and
never calls for justice or pleads lor truth, except
in obscure and remote corners. The people
are made to believe that the republican party is
the only name under heaven given among men
whereby they and their country can be saved,
and that whosoever believeth in it shall be
saved, and he that believeth not shall be
damned; and the lingering years of misrule,
taxation, starvation, south and north, are re-
vealing to what purpose. p. p.
The New York Evangelist takes a bold stand
against indecent advertising. It rather sternly
calls the Examiner and Chronicle, Church Uniort,
Independent, and other papers, to account.


212

SHARP POITHS.
Feb. 27, 18C8.
Parker JPillsduryMy Dear Friend : I have delayed
writing that I might firs tread the baoli numbers of The
Revolution.
How strange it all seems to meWoman Suffrage
forced to the lront, and a pile of greenbacks behind it I
Woman Suffrage dandled in the lap of Wall street con-
servatism I It is kin to other reformseight hour sys-
tem, penny ocean postage, etc., bat with stocks, finance,
tramways, railways, Credit Fonder, brokers gossip, the
alliance is indeed new 1 We sometimes say of a book,
it is gotten up to sell; you have started a paper that
certainly will sell, without, perhaps, making that a prim-
ary object, ltis so entertaining, so spicy, and, with some
exceptions, so grand, too in its tone and thought, where
shall we find the like ? Suffrage is fairly before the world.
Dear Miss Anthony must be nearly ready to depart. I
fanoy I see her straining her vis:on to see the salvation.
But what means this new system ol ethics of Mrs. Stan-
tonprotesting against the enfranchisement of another
man, black or white, until woman is enfranchised? I
nave not thus learned reform. I have not thus learned
Christianity. If I am a slave, heaven forbid that I should
desire any other being ia the universe to share my
degradation. But suppose my companions hitherto
should use their new freedom to forge new fetters for
myself, thus making my case more and more hopeless?
Then I must trust in the progressive and regenerating
spirit that emancipated them, knowing that sooner or
later it will enfranchise me. My fear of a colored mans
ballot against me must give place to faith in those eter-
nal principles of justice that have redeemed him, and
that will work out good results for myself. If the con
test is one of brute strength, then throttle your enemy
if you can ; keep him iu the dust who is already there,
if he be likely to become your foe. But, in the higher
realm of principle, if it be an effort to establish a just
government, do not let us violate its fundamental law by
demanding the continuance of bondage lor any ong sub-
ject, or any class of subjects, until another class can be
enfranchised. This is to me absurd.
I did not propose to discuss the question, especially
with Mrs. Stanton ; for, however good natured, and hu-
morous, and delightful she is as a friend, I own to a
little fear oFher sharp points. Her reply to Mr. Garri-
son was what western people would call mighty tall
talk to the pioneer of the anti-slavery cause, and
doubtless addicted many souls. Tbe author cf Hannah
Thurston and Mrs. Stanton may tell the world that the
abolitionists were a set of tatterdemalions, just as Mac-
aulay held up to ridicule George Fox and his followers ;
but the harm that results will fall mostly on themselves.
For we do our own souls a grievous wrong to under-
value any earnest, intelligent effort in a good cause,
especially when its genuineness is stamped with the
consecration of the whole man.
But I sal down to tell you how mach Tee Revolu-
tion interested me, and I find myself criticising it. It
is not strange that abolitionists give you the cold shoul-
der. Jealous as they ever are, and ought to be, lest the
best interests of their clients be compromised, they
naturally look with suspicion upon this new fraternity
this strange affliation with Mr. Geo. Francis Trainthis
playing into the hands of politicians, mostly democrats,
and this rallying around you of a class who have been
hostile to reform. If The Revolution is simply a
channel for individual thought, and such I presume it is
to you, I see no reason why you may not use it To
prosecute a good work, we have always availed ourselves
of the money, the halls, the churches, the hospitality of
the enemies even of our cause ; being careful to season
our thanks with faithful rebuke. Acting on a somewhat
similar principle, I shall expect to see you take Mr.
Train to task in your severe way, as opportunity offers ;
scourge him for his antipathy to the negro, show up his
record in the democratic party, in the republican, too;
and bring down the thunders of your indignation upon
him wherever he seems in your judgment to be in the
wrong.
But enough for the present. I have been scattering
my Revolutions, and hope new subscribers will be
the result. Faithfully and truly yours,
Jane Elizabeth Jones.
The above is from one of the noblest women
of our day, who has been for many years a
faithful laborer in tbe Temperance, Education,
Anti-Slavery and Womans Rights reforms. Her
letter is frank, spicy and liberal, and, from the
old standpoint that, in every race of man, wo-
man is a mere appendage, an after-thought, and
her rights of secondary consideration, it is phi-
losophical also. When friends write to us iu
this common-sense style, suggesting thoughts
for our consideration, they need have no fears
of our sharp points. But when we receive
letters of denunciation, without one reason for
the onslaught, there is nothing left us to do but
to cudgel our adversary with his own weapons.
You ask, dear friend, about our new system of
ethics. Our system is by no means new,
it dates back to the garden of Eden. It is
not good for mau to be alone, was the divine
soliloquy of the great Architect of the Universe,
as he surveyed his mighty work, the order of
the planetary world, the harmony of land and
seas. What was true of one man in the garden
of Eden, enshrined mid peace and beauty under
the watchful eye of God, is true of all mankind
to-day in the great outer world of selfishness
and strife, suffering in ten thousand ways the
penalties, of violated law. And never, until the
divine order established in Eden is realized,
shall we have peace and immortal life.
The best interests of the race demand that
the equilibrium of sex be restored. This will
do more to hasten the onward march of civili-
zation, than the enfranchisement of any race
or class of men, than the conversion of any na-
tion to Protestanism, than the triumph of the
temperance reform, or anyproposed plan of re-
construction. Just as the constituent elements
of nitrogen and oxygen, make the necessary at-
mosphere in which man can breathe and live,
and the exhausting of either is certain death,
so are the male and female elements in their
true proportions as necessary for onr moral life,
and this negation of womanhood is the degra-
tion of our common humanity. Hence, when we
had it in our power to put one race on an equal
footing at the south, as an abolitionist we protest-
ed against the enfranchisement of the black man
alone, seeing that the bondage of the women of
that race, by the laws of the south, would be
more helpless than before. What to her the
loosing of the white mans chains, if the ignorant
laborer by her side, who has learned no law but
violence, her equal to-day, is henceforth to be-
come her master? To us the black women of
the south are as precious in the scale of being
as the men. Woman suffers in slavery a degra-
dation man can never know. The strongest
appeals made by abolitionists in the past against
slavery have been on womans wrongs, and now,
when the day of emancipation comes, shall man
enter into all the rights, privileges and immuni-
ties of citizenship while the woman by his side is
left without that sceptre of power, the ballot,
for her protection ? Wendell Phillips says that
emancipation is mockery to the black man
without the ballot? Have not the women of
this nation suffered enough from mans unjust
legislation, to know that such emancipation as he
offers the black woman is a mockery also?
Those slaves have worked and suffered side by
side, shared each others sorrows, fears, and
anxieties through centuries of Heathenism and
bondage ; and now shall abolitionists consent
that another race of men shall find their liber-
ties over this fresh holocaust of womanhood?
No, no. We have no reason to suppose that the
black man understands the principles of equity,
or will practice the Christian virtues better than
his Saxon masters. And our demands on the
Womans Rights platform for the last twenty
years are proof sufficient that man cannot legis-
late wisely and justly for the Woman by his side.
Abolitionists show us the cold shoulder be-
cause they know we see their vulnerable points.
After discussing individual rights thirty
years, and claiming suffrage for the black man
as a natural right, when they ask, with
the republican party, manhood suffrage
merely, they compromise the best interests
of the race they would serve, throw over
board one-half their clients, stultify their
past declarations, and prove false to their
education and high calling, as the statesmen of
the hour. This is not with us a question of
personality as between the individual black
man and Saxon woman, but a principle of gov-
ernment. It is not a question of necessary
precedence for onfe or the other. If people
were enfranchised by car-loads at the Capitol of
the nation, it might be a question who should
go first, but suffrage for all in this hour of re-
construction could be more easily and logically
secured than for a new class. Our demand has
long been suffrage for all, white and black,
male and female, of legal age and sound mind.
This is the theory of our government, and un-
til we secure this our nation remains on the old
and oft-tried principle of caste and class.
Though ninety-nine hundredths of the people
vote and one does not, we have not changed the
principle of our government an iota. We are
still a despotism, and the ostracized few are in
a worse despotism than under the one-man
power. If we are to be governed by men alone,
the fewer the betterrather one man than twenty
million. If the one man is tyrannical and un-
just, the people can easily dispose of him ; but
if the twenty million are tyrants, it is difficult
for oppressed classes to achieve their freedom
against such fearful odds.
We have too much of the male element al-
ready in our systems of government, theology
and social life. In fact, the man idea governs
everywhere. TJie world, as old Sojourner
Truth says, walks on one leg.
There are many reasons for the enfranchise-
ment of women more powerful than for any
further extension of the franchise to men. Our
system of ethics may be new in one particular,
in that we believe that womans first duty is to
herself and God, then man. If you are a slave,
it is your first business to break the yoke that
galls your own neck ; you are to accept slavery
or degradation at no price, from no mistaken
notions of white mens rights or black mens
wrongs. Woman has been so long a mere re-
flection, an appendage, that, partly from apathy,
partly from .perversion, she has no sense of her
own rights and duties. The most pitiful spec-
tacle this country presents, is that of educated
American women consenting, in this hour of
our countrys danger, to this incoming tide of
ignorance, poverty and vice, from every quar-
ter of the globe, to legislate for them at the
polls, without demanding that it be outweighed
with the wealth, virtue and intelligence of their
own sex. And this indifference to a nations
life, teethe interests of 30,000,000 of people, to
theinstitutioxis.of a continent, drapes itself un-
der the false guise of Christian philanthropy.
Would not the education, elevation and enfran-
chisement of 15,000,000 women do more to
hasten advancing civilization than that of 2,000,-
000 black men? The questions bear no propor-
tion to each other. The partial results of the
one on national welfare, are wholly lost in the
magnitude and far-reaching consequences of
the other. To-day the ship of state is tempest-
tossed on an uncertain sea. The men at the
helm, lacking the spiritual intuitions of women
by their side, are steering without chart or com-
pass. A voice from out the threatening clouds



213
COMMUNICATIONS.
calls out: It is not good for man to be alone.
Seeing the nations danger and mans need,
shall woman, with the charts spread out before
her, knowing all the dangerous coasts and isles,
meekly remain in the vessels hold, while igno-
rant hands lay hold the ropes and sails, capable
of giving no new light or inspiration to those
already bewildered there ? To us it would be
the height of wisdom for such women to rush
on deck and say, let not another man come up
to touch the ropes until those more skilled have
tried what they can do. Suppose the question
were to be settled to-day, shall we enfranchise
such men as Chase, Wade, Sumner, Beecher,
Garrison and Phillips to govern this country, or
shall all these be set aside, and the government
placed in the hands of tire southern/reedioomeft;
Of course, we should all choose the former
class. So we say to-day, educated women first,
ignorant men afterward. ' e. c. s.
DRESS.
Something against the Ladies.According to the
Atlantic Monthly, Men say, in reply to those who ob-
ject to their clubs, their men's dinner parties, and their
smoking rooms : x Women overwhelm society with su-
perfluous dry goods The momentladies are invited, the
who.e affair becomes a mere question of costume. A
party at which'ladies assist is little more than an exbibi-
ition ot wearing apparel. They dress, too, not for- the
purpose of giving pleasure to men, bnt ior the purpose
of inflicting pain on one another. Beside, a lady who is
carrying a considerable estate upon her person'must de-
vote a greater part of her attention to the management
ol that estate. She may be talking to Mr. Smith about
Shakespeare and the musical-glasses, but the thing her
mind is really bent upon is crushing Mrs. Smith with
her new lace. Even dancing is nothing but an exceed-
ingly laborious and anxious wielding of yards of silk
trailing out behind 1' etc.
Time for Revolution! The remedy for ali this,
gentlemen, is to give women something to do,
something better to think about. All human
beings must have some outlet for their forces.
If you make dolls of women, and shut them up
in palaces without a voice or interest in the
great outer world of struggle and suffering, all
the intensity of their feelings will be expended
in fashion and frivolity, in gay dress and gor -
geous furniture. It is too true that what is called
society, is nothing now but senseless display.
Our most intelligent women, who would be an
ornament to any circle, avoid altogether what
is called society, because they have no time,
money or thought to waste on these elaborate
toilets. To those who have daughters growing
up, there is somethin*? appalling in the thought
they,-too, may be victims to these abominations.
THE NATIONAL LABOR UNION AND
U. 8. BONDS.
We print elsewhere an extract from the
platform of the National Labor Uniona
remarkable documentadopted finally at a
Convention held in Chicago, August, 1867.
This organization is acting in concert with
the International Workingmans Organization
in Europe, which is to hold its next congress
at Brussels (Belgium) in September.
It already numbers hundreds of thousands,
and supports nine newspapers devoted to its
interests. It has branches and subdivisions
scattered over the country, with its local and
state organizations working in concert, with a
system of agents, travellers and correspondents
constantly engaged in increasing its machinery.
We also publish to-day the principal section
pf the Funding Bill of Mr. Cary, of Ohio, in
the House of Representatives, intended to give
effect to thepeoples plan of finance
In England the labor organization has quietly
but steadily advanced, till it presents a compact
power. So far as the movement has taken
shape and expression here, it seems to have
awakened little or no interest except from
shrewd politicians in the West.
Tbe demand put forth by these men for a
three-per-cent, bond is but just. Senator Hen-
derson in a late speech says :
I assert, without fear of successful contradiction, that
no nation on earth can show a ratio of increase in Na-
tional wealth of five per cent. Take England, with all
her greatness and boasted prosperity, and you will find
that her ratio of increase from 1823 to 1861 is only two
per cent.
Mr. Cary has devoted much time to the sub-
ject, and declares the rate of increase in the
United States is only about 3§ per cent.
Now, if before tbe war idle capital was able
to retire here only about four per cent, when
Invested in mortgages, is it surprising that those
who feel oppressed should cry aloud against a
military necessity which compels them now
to support a system that secures to idle capital
three times as much? The wonder is that
the people have endorsed the oppression so
long. Tis simply idle for the landholders or
their organs to talk of national power under such
circumstances.
We fought to throw off English taxation. It
is time that we free ourselves from tbe bond-
holders greater oppression ; and that, too, re-
gardless of any party machinery by which it is
sustained.
The principles of the National Labor Union
are our principles. We are of the people, and
shall extend a helping hand in advancing ail
reasonable demands, well knowing, too, that
through it will be developed
A man pure, unselfish, to no party bound.
That the organization in some of its workings
holds secret meetings is no cause of fear (o'us.
We see on the surface of this great movement
the dawn of brighter days, and hear a voice that
shall be heard by our servants at Washington,
and by the selfish, hard-hearted oppressors
everywhere.
Time was when'these lodges and unions were
called Jacobin Clubs and the Jacquerie,
simply because they resisted oppression. They
were known then as being made up of the igno-
rant masses, whose resort to physical force, riot
and plunder were their only resources; and mon-
archical governments, while they feared them,
held them in abeyance, and protected their
crowns by their standing armies. It is worse
than vain for political capitalists here to sup-
pose that the National Labor Union corresponds
to such a class, and is only capable of such re-
dress ; for be it remembered that here
The people do the voting,
And the children go to school.
Our laboring men are the people, embracing
our manufacturers, our miners, our mechanics ;
hence we have no lazy lazzaroni, who for a few
days ease, or for mere revenge, will take life
or pillage a city. It is, we have said, something
far above all this ; and the demand is equality
and harmony of actiona coming nearer to-
gether of the worlds of mind and mattera
united effort and a united interestnot for a few
months only to secure votes, but a perpetual
basis on and in which the true man, and woman,
too, see protection and prosperitya country
and a republican government.
WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE.
Washington, D. 0., April 1, 1868.
The Womans Rights cause moves on here.
Of course before the abolition of slavery and the
enfranchisement of the negro it would scarcely
have been tolerated ; and the visible darkness
of mind which centuries of aristocracy had
caused to brood over the soil made impossible
the growth oi the good seed. But, ever since
the outbreak of the war, which withdrew the
District from oligarchic control, the population
has been steadily reinforced from the free parts ,
of the country, so that its number has nearly
doubled since 1860 ; and with this immigration
has come an influx of mental light. Mrs.
Josephine S. Grififing, of the Freedmans Bu-
reau, has been for a long time the only resident
advocate of free suffrage, as the abolitionists
and republicans of the District devoted them-
selves primarily to moving Congress to free and
enfranchise the negro. During the discussion
on the bill for the latter purpose occurred the
memorable three days debate in the Senate on
the proposition of Edgar Cowan, of Pennsyl-
vania, to strike out the word male from the
qualifications for suffrage in the District. This
amendment, though apparently offered to em-
barrass the bill, had the effect to draw attention
to the subject throughout the country, and
greatly to re-enforce the demand made by the
fiiends of liberty outside of the District. Cowan
had, two or three years before this time, avowed
that,* if the suffrage was to be extended at all, he
preferred extending it to women. Gratz Brown,
from the time he entered the Senate to the time
when he left it, was a powerfol and hearty
champion of tbe cause, in Congress and out of
it. His speech on Cowans amendment, the
best of that whole debate, was the effort of a
master. The motion received the votes of four
radicalsBrown, Anthony, Wade and Foster
(including thus the then and the present Presi-
dent of the Senate)and five conservatives
Cowan, Buckalew, Nesmith, Patterson, of Ten-
nessee (son-in-law of President Johnson), and
Riddlenine in all. Thirty-seven votes were
cast against it, of whom thirty-one were rad-
icals and six conservatives. Three radicals and
three conservatives were absent. Of the thirty-
one radicals who voted no, six, Messrs.
Pomeroy, Ross, Sprague, Sumner, Wilson and
Yates, were understood to-favor the measure on
its merits, but to be opposed to attaching it to
the negro suffragexbill. One of the radicals
who failed to voteFowler, of Tennesseewas
also known to favor it. Most of the talking
against it was done by those conservatives of
three revolutions Garret Davis and Reverdy
Johnson.
Shortly after this Thomas E. Noell, of Mis-
souri, a Johnsonized radical, introduced a bill
in the House to give the vote to women in the
District, and supported it with a two hours
speech full of wit, humor and fancy. He wished
to build up a new party on the issue, or to em-
body theSidea in the democratic platform. At
the close of his address its effect on the House
was so slight that Thaddeus Stevens remarked
that the House had wasted time enough, and
moved to go into Committee of the Whole, which
was done without taking action on the bill.
The friends of the cause now saw that action
among the people of the District was needed ;
and soon after the May election, at which the
negroes voted for the first time, organized a


214
Universal Franchise Association, with Senator
Pomeroy, of Kansas, as President. Mrs. Grit-
ting, Clara Barton, and Tbaddeus Hyatt are
among the Vice-Presidents. Mrs Julia Archi-
bald Holmes and D. M. Needham were chosen
Secretaries, with Dr. Daniel Breed, cousin of
John G. Whittier, as Treasurer. The Advisory
Committee includes John Stuart Mill, Elizabeth
Cady Stanton, Lucy Stone, Lucretia Mott,
Parker Pillsbury, Wendell Phillips, George
William Curtis, James M. Scovel, B. F. Wade,
B. Gratz "Brown, and many other tried cham-
pions* The first public meeting was held July
19, 1867, at Union League Hall, Senator Pome-
roy presiding, at which addresses were given
by the President, Mrs. Grilling, Prof. J. K. H.
Willcox, of the Social Science Review and
Statistical Society. Letters were read from Hon.
Alexander Deimar and Mrs. B. A. McNall.
Professor Willcoxs elaborate address was after-
ward republished under the title, Suffrage a
Eight, not a Privilege. It treated the subject
from the sociological standpoint, and elicited
flattering notices from the Tribune, Harper*s
Weekly, and other papers. A subsequent meet-
ing was addressed by Mrs. Holmes, Miss Lydia
S. Hall, James H. Holmes, John H. Crane and
others. The work of circulating documents
and petitions all over the country was also
pushed vigorously on.
During the winter Theodore Tilton delivered
his lecture on The American Woman to a
large and enthusiastic audience at Metzerott
Hall. In Anna E. Dickinsons lecture on the
Duty of the Hour, she made several pointed
allusions to the disfranchisement of woman,
which were loudly applauded. Petitions have
been continually coming in to Congress, some of
which, I regret to say, have been presented
apologetically, while others have been so pre-
sented as to conceal their nature.
The whole government of the District is now
before Congress for revision, by reason of the
expiration of the charter ; and it is the purpose
of the advocates of Equal Rights in the District
to petition and memorialize for free suffrage as
a part of the new organization.
At a meeting held lately in Woodward Hall
for free discussion of matters relating to local
government, Professor Willcox, being called
on to speak, said that he desired to introduce
the reform of female suffrage, which sentiment
was loudly cheered. Dr. Boyd and Mr. Watson
also advocated the measure. Observes.
HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN.
Mb. Pillsburys excellent editorial, Foundling
Hospitals, iu a recent number of the The Revolution
is, I observe, attracting considerable attention. The
subject is one which demands this notice, and belongs
to those vital questions of the sexual relations, the
Social Evil, which never will be properly dealt with
by organized society until woman is admitted co full and
equal membership, alike as to rights and responsibil
ities.
But it was my intention to give some account of an
English institution, akin to that of which you have
editorially treated, bearing the title that appears at the
head of this article.
It needs hardly be said that London is full of poverty-
stricken and penary-cursed childrenbeggars and
vagrants, for most part, whose usually brief lives are
s:ent in the streets, and who, if they grow to adult age,
only swell the clas es so aptly termed dangerous.
Our great cities are not free from the same species j and
here iu the national capital these little gipsies seem to
increase daily. There is no need to dilate upon the life
of such children, and the most imaginative can easily
conceive of their misery when sickness befalls. The
children of the poor have but little chance, even if not
quite of the vagrant class referred to above. An instance

has just been given me. A lady informs me of a recent
application made at an hospital here on behalf of a sick
child, whose mother having to go out daily to work, is
unable to take sufficient care of it. The application was
refused because there were no nurses in the institutions
to take care of children.
The London Hospital referred to is situated in Great
Ormond street, a former fashionable portion of the
metropolis. If I am not mistaken, it is in this vicin-
ity that the noble Foundling Hospital is situated.
The houses in the named street are capacious. Two of
them are in use by the Childrens Hospital. The effort
was begun about fifteen years ago, by the fiti!ng up of a
few beds for these little beneficiaries. The growth of
the hospital was quite slow, though the benefit arrived at
was obvious to all to whom the plan was presented. I
quote from an account before me:
The success of its efforts was soon apparant; the
unmixed good which it worked made itself recognizable
before long, and it entered on a course of development
which has never yet been checked, and the limits of
which it is not easy to define. The number of in-patients,
which in 1S52 was 143, has gone on steadily increasing,
until last year it rose to 771; and whereas at first a few
beds were sufficient lor the demand, 75 arc now con-
stantly occupied. During the same period the number
of out-patients has grown larger every year, and at the
present moment it has reached an average of 1,200 every
week. The immense amount of benefit which such an
institution must confer upon the poor will be easily
apparent to every one. But the charm which it possesses
for the children whom it receives can be fullj realized
only by those who have paid it a visit, and have seen
how admirably it is conducted, how wonderful are its
results. ****** The attendance is greatest
on the four days devoted to the physicians ; the other
two weekdays are reserved for the surgeons whose cases
are less numerous, though often more serious in char-
acter. * * * * As many as four hundred
children are sometimes brought on one day, and at
about ten oclock most of them are collected together.
The physician sits at his desk in a small room looking
out upon the childrens playground, and for several hours
a line of little invalids, each conducted by some friendly
hand, passes before him in unbroken sequence. A wait-
ing-room is set aside for the children, and their relatives
or friends, but it suffices to hold only a small part of
their number. In every direction there overflows an
anxious but patient crowd ; the ante-room is crammed,
the passages are closely packed, and in fine weather the
garden has its share of visitors, who lean against its
walls and crouch, with a wearied air, upon its stone
steps. There is something very sad in the sight of so
many mothers, most of them evidently belonging to the
poorest classes, each of whom is in trouble for her
child. ***** So great is the number of these
out-patients that the resources of the hospital and the
energies of its staff are tasked to their utmost, and al-
though every means has been employed which the
utmost ingenuity could suggest, the present accommo-
dation is found to be insufficient for the overwhelming
and ever-increasing array of applicants for relief.
"While in London last fall I spent one afternoon in a
visit to this hospital, and can bear testimony to the
cheerful appearance of its interior, and the evident care
and sympathetic kindness which must preside over it.
The patients are not only cured (if that be possible) of
their bodily ailments* but the effort is constantly made
to impress upon their tender sensibilities lessons of
cleanliness, morality, etc., which must necessarily prove
of vast benefit in after life. The law of kindness is
the universal rule of the institution. Tho inmates are
too often tho Bedouins of our city life ; they are training
for an Ishmaelites existence, in which every hand will
be against them, and theirs will be raised against every
man in turn. In this well-ordered and noble charity
they find, for the first time, that there are people who
do not kick them out of the way, but rather heal both,
body and mind. It can readily be believed that the'
Committee of Management speak truly in saying, that
a knowledge and thence a love of better things has been
first imported into many a poor home by convalescent
children fresh from the hospital, and that the first germs
of gratitude and affection for strangers were planted in
the apparently ungenial soil of pain and suffering.
In the fifteenth annual report an interesting acoount
is given of the progress of the institution. Although the
year 1866 was one of embarrassment, they are able to say
with pleasure that the annual subscriptions have slightly
increased, having reached the sum of £2,420 2s.. 6d.
(about $11,100 60 in gold). The donations, which In-
clude a generous grant from the Corporation of the City
of London of £105 ($525), and a munificent gift of £500
($2,500), from an anonymous friend, through E, J, Lay-
ton, Esq., amount to £4,430 ($21,150), of which one-half
was due to the anniversary festival. 'Legacies also fell in
during the past year to the amount of between four and
five thousand pounds.
- The expenditures have been large. About $3,500 have
been spent in alterations and enlarging the accommo-
dations. The expenditures in 1866 were £5,711 ($28,555),
of which about £1,200 ($6,000) were spent on food, and
£870 ($4,350) on the treatment of patients.
These particulars are given because of the intrin-
sic interest of the subject, and in the hope that
benevolence here may take form In similar effort.
Thackeray said he never saw a school-hoy without wish-
ing to give him a sovereign. 1 am confident no one could
visit the London Hospital for sick children without being
desirous of seeing such efforts multiplied, and of aid-
ing them to the extent of their ability.
Richard J. Hinton.
Washington, D. C.
WOMAN WRONGED.
Woman Wronged Yes, insulted, outraged, abused
and ruined soul and body, only because some ig-
norant, selfish, unphilosophical plodder promulgated an
idea that woman by her original first sin has become in-
ferior to man in virtue, intellect, morals and physical
strength. Therefore her incapacities and frailties make
her susceptible of being ruled over by virtuous, moral,
intelligent men of course. Sex is not the hindering
cause either. It is womans weak, virtue, her delicate
modesty, her feeble refinement, and that other inevitable
and unanswerable argumenther maternal duties
that exclude her from the privilege of the ballot. Man
having stronger virtue, better morals, more refinement,
and of course superior intellects and being barren with-
al, can better endure the fearful responsibilities and de-
moralizing influences of politics, and has thereforo
the governing of the world. What an awful strain it
must be on mans modesty, morals, virtue and wisdom
to undertake tbe discharge of such a duty. No wonder
they sometimes give way a little. Its terrible, very
terrible. They have my sympathies in the terrible con-
flict of virtue, morals, and modesty versus politics.
But because of this supposed or presumed inferiority,
woman must be meekly submissive to every dictate of
her representative, lord and master, humbly recon-
ciled to submerge her interior individuality into the
majestic, superior individuality of the creature man ;
lose her identity as a responsible intelligence ; settle
down into a stagnant quietus of parasitic existence, con-
tent tc scrub and cook, flirt and flounce, prim and pout,
teach school for half wages, keep milliner shop, and raise
babies for a living. Most generally the latter especially.
Mankind in common seem to recognize nothing higher
in occupation or sphere for woman than raising babies,
no matter if those babies are dwarfs, idiots, diseased,
deformed imbecilesfrail, scrofulous, half-dead wrecks,
filled with inherited lusts and fralities which doom them
to a suffering existence and permature graves
blighted souls iu broken caskets born of slave mothers,
and begotten by sensual fathersblots on societyall
charged to dispensations of God.
3ehind this wrong lies the superstition and ignorance
of the dark ages. Every error and wrong has its root
growing in the soil of ignorance and undevelopment.
Womans protection and elevation depend upon the re-
ogQition of one primary truth, based upon a law of our
sexual and social systems. That truth is : Every wo-
man possesses the inherent right to the lull and perfect
control of her own person, in or out of the marriage re-
lation. This is Revolution. For forty centuries ormore
this truth has been ignored, and the results are beyond
the power of the pen to reveal. Establish this truth
really and practically in the hearts of men and minds of
women, and the questions of Womans Rights and Wo-
mans Wrongs will be forever settled. This is the radi-
cal basis for woman to stand upon, while fighting for
her emancipation from this social and political slavery,
to which she is so heathenishly consigned by the customs
and laws of the age.
Recognize this truth, and no longer will a brutal man
be allowed to outrage the chastity, insult the virtue,
mock the purity, disease the body aud prostitute the
vital energies of a pure-minded, innocent woman to
satiate filthy lusts. No longer will a pale, haggard, care-
worn woman, already overburdened with maternal labors,
be compelled to become the mother of obildren not
wanted unwelcome visitors when the processes of
gestation and parturition are encountered with a deep,
bitter anguish which shatters her physical system, frets
her discontented spirit, imperils her life, jeopardizes pos-
terity only to accommodate the lusts of a male animal,



215
No longer will maimed, deformed, half-idiotic children,
filled with the sins of the father and frailties of the
mother, curse parents, pest society, or tax our common-
wealth. No longer will thousands of divorce cases blot
our court dockets as evidence of the rottenness of so-
ciety and wrongs of mankind. Recognize this truth,
and woman becomes wooer and man the wooed. *Tis
true, the law is in opposition to the Jewish code, and
Paul, as interpreted by Todd and Lewis and other won-
derfully wise ecclesiastical celebrities, full dead lan-
guages and deader ideas ; but as Paul was unmarried and
. never a lover of woman, it is possible, nay, very proba-
* ble, that he, like Todd and Lewis, had imbibed the pre-
judice aud customs of the dark ageswhen woman was
far below par (man being the standard of virtue, morals
and intelligence) and upon womans commonly recog-
nized inferiority based his injunctions. Educated cus-
toms and prejudices, descending from parent to chbd
through long centuries, are hard to eradicate from the
minds of many even good men. There is not a low,
lewd, licentious, selfish wretch, who looks upon woman
only through lustful-eyes, but welcomes Pauls advice to
wives with as much fiendish satisfaction as. Todd or
Lewis; yet Paul meant that bis injunctions should never
be so misrepresented. If stupid, selfish, non-progressive
theologians see fie to make the Scripture a savor of death
unto death, instead of life unto life, dont blame Paul or
Moses, but pity their stupidity and ignorance.
When a few uncompromising fanatics commence an ex-
terminating warfare upon a system of barbarism, bor-
rowed from drunken Noah and the dark ages, the uni-
versal Biblical argument howled in our ears by the meek,
sanctimonious, cadaverous, white-necktied gentry was
Cursed be Canaan! a servant of servants shall he be ;
'"Servants, obey your masters, while impersonated hu-
man devils, blackened with envy, crime, pollution, with
every vice, armed with blood-hounds and raw-hides,
took up the dismal howl and reverberated it throughout
the land ; and a stupid, cowardly, compromising pulpit,
press and people in the North responded in ignominous
silence, amen! And now, when 17,000,000 of American
women, oppressed by cruel laws, taxed and misrepre-
sented, flattered and favored only for sensual ends,
working, toiling and starving on mere pittances (called by
their oppressors "pay). kept in cellars and garrets,
loaded and fettered with a fashionable* paraphernalia
called dress, with minds undeveloped yet oapable of
the highest developmentwhen we witness this and
plead fer womans enfranchisement as the means of ele-
vating her, we hear the same old dismal howl from the
same caverns of dry-bones wailing long and loud through
a benighted ecclesiastical and political sky : "Let women
keep silence in the churches; Wives, submit your-
selves to your husbands; and now the same sleepy pul-
pit, press and people, awakened by this clerical cater-
waul, rub their eyes, shake their heads, look bewildered,
and moan out the inglorious response : Be it so. In-
fanticide, idiocy, and prostitution, public and in wed-
lock, and infamous human degradation are but the out-
growths, the wormwood results of this malicious, libel-
ous doctrine that woman was created inferior, subject
to masculine will and dictation. Nature, science, in-
spiration, and all human experience repel the libel, in
despite of the opinions of Todd, Lewie, or Osgood.
Ignorance of sexual physiology, and a false philosophy
of our social relation, has led the world into many horrid
beliefs concerning womans origin, sphere, and character.
A superstition borrowed from the Pagan world, found-
, ed in ignorance, developed into a belief, found expres-
sion in a law among the ancient Jews, which periodi-
cally excommunicated woman from society and its priv-
ileges, made her unclean, defiled and impure, just be-
cause a process of ovulation was being carried on by
the secret, silent workings of the vital economy. Her
touch was defiling to every dead and living thing. Her
look conveyed and imparted only lust and obscenity.
From tbose imaginary pollutions there was no escape.
She was isolated from all the stinted privileges of her
sex for one-tbird of her time, and only rendered fit com-
pany for male virtue and purity by offering a sacrifice.
Such superstitions would make any race or nation sus-
ceptible of the most galling servitude, and the degrada-
tion, of woman has its origin greatly in this pagan non-
sence.
These hideous, deforming superstitions still exist in
the minds of even many comparatively intelligent wo-
men, and never can be eradicated until the laws of the
human system are taught In preference to crude doc-
trines and dogmas. So strongly impressed had these
doctrines become on the minds of Biblical authorities,
that even Solomon in all his wisdom could find no
stronger language to convey an idea of defilement than
the term menstruous woman.
It is high time that such ideas of womans defilement
and debasement should be rooted out, even if it does
uprootmuch fossilized theology. We can spare such theo-
logy better than the purity and chastity of womankind.
As the light of physiology dawns, the mists of pagan the-
ology recede. Superstitions bora of the perverted
imaginations of pagans and heathen should have no
place in the theology of true Christians. In the degrada-
tion of woman, we are reaping the oitter fruits of such
ignorance. But more yet. Ignorance of physiological
law'led metaphysicians and shallow-brained philoso-
phers to seek the establishment of womans inferiority
upon the false and funny doctrine that all ovum were
originally male, and female sex was the result of
blast, during the process of development. Hence,
woman is only a blasted man. This we should call a
blasted idea, born of blasted brains and originated for
blasting purposes. This makes woman % creature of
chance, not developed by any fixed law in nature.
But why malign woman's character, purity or influ-
ence -by such st$erstitious speculations ? What woman
need?, what human interests demand, is not supersti-
tion based upon the fanciful whims or foolish caprices
of some benighted, undeveloped being, who presumed
to write inspired philosophy ; but she needs education,
freedom, growth and development, physically, mentally
and morally. Give her the opportunities for physical
growth that you give man. Let her wield the plow, tne
axe, the hoe, hammer, or plane ; let her employ the pen,
the pencil, the brush or chisel; let her construct rail-
roads and machinery ; let her make and unmake presi-
dents and legislators ; in short, dofit be hunting "wo-
mms sphere, but give her every opportunity for the
full and perfect exeroise of every muscld and nerve,
faculty or power of her being, and she will find her own
sphere without masculine dictation or intervention.
If woman has any special "sphere, let masculine im-
pudence, Insolence and ignorance understand that it is
the complete protection of her own person, virtue and
posterity ; aud not the narrow, hampered, contraotive
circle of revolving around masculine will.
Thomas W. Organ, M.D.
"EdenHome, Chalfant, Ohio.
LIFE AND DEATH BY THE NEEDLE.
+-----
Editors of Revolution:
This pleasant 26th of March, three little orphans stood
beside an open grave, into which was slowly lowered
' what was their mother. Six years before, and the mound
beside her rounded over their father, leaving them en-
tirely dependent upon her for daily bread. The needle
was her so!e resource, and, alas! like too many women
in our land, she was comparatively unskilful with that.
Why, in this country, where the wheel of fortune is
ever turning, and the millionnaire of to-day is the beggar
of to-morrowwhy will mothers let their daughters
grow to womans estate without' possessing some one
accomplishment to which they can turn when reverses
overtake them, and from it derive a tolerable support ?
If it is the needle, let them be expert, perfect mistresses
of plain sewing in its various departments of hemming,
stitching, overcasting, tucking, and felling. Then they
may learn some variety of embroidery, in which they
shall perfect themselves before undertaking another va-
riety. If a piano is indulged in, let them be thorough
musicians; if the pencil, insist that they understand
sketching from nature, perspective, and the fundamen-
tal principles of the art.
This unfortunate widow took up dressmaking, in
which, never having learned the trade, she could but
hold a second-rate position. Of course, she could not
command the highest pay for her labor. Finding she
could earn more by going out to days work, she left her
threelittle children at home to take care of themselves,
while she went out to earn the extra half dollar which
they must have to be comfortable. Confinement in close
rooms, breathing with only the upper half of the lungs,
as she bent over the needle day after day, for six years;
anxiety about her children, who, in her constant absence
from home, could but grow up in habits of idleness and
aimlessnessall these wrought upon a constitution ot
more than ordinary strength and vigor, and consumption
added another to his fearful list of victims.
Who could stand there in the churchyard, as the min-
ister repeated the solemn words, ashes to ashes, dust
to dust, and see those three helpless orphans weeping for
sorrow they can yet so imperfectly comprehend, and not
weep with them and for them ?
But tears will not feed them, will not clothe them, will
not prevent others from being added to their number.
What shall be done about it ? How shall we prevent
these woes of widowhood and orphanage from multiply-
ing ? Women must have work, they must have better
wages. Shall we give it them, or shall we choose rather
to be abettors in their destruction and then soothe our
consciences by paying the board of their orphaned
children in semi-charity schools? As I stood there
weeping and thinking, I said to myself three acres of
land, and that woman had been alive and well to-day.
A strawberry patch, an onion bed, a little garden, would
have given her support, given her children employment;
she could have been with them constantly, training them
to habits of industry and thrift, and made them to quite
an extent self-supporting, while her own daily life would
have been passed in cheerful occupation, breathing pure
air, and drawing from the great bosom of nature at once
substance and strength. If, in the days of her prosperity,
when her husband was alive, and plenty smiled around
her, they had saved a little, enough to buy but three
acres of land near market, these orphans had not been
left motherless.
The average yield of an acre of land in onions is five
hundred bushels, which, at $1 50 per bushel the average
price, would have brought S750 income. By extra cul-
ture, eight hundred bushels could be raised and sold for
a thousand or twelve hundred dollars. These tbe child-
ren could have weeded and gathered. Some labor per-
haps, would have to be hired in spring to prepare the
soil.
A quarter of an acre in strawberries would have netted
from one to two hundred dollars a season. Currant
and raspberry bushes, easily cultured, might have ad-
ded to the family income. And thus, had she but
known how to cultivate these simple crops, and any wo-
man can learn easily, she might have secured life, com-
lort, happiness for herself and her children, instead of
premature death and early orphanage for those she died
to save.
True such out-door labors would have embrowned her
complexion and soiled her hands, her knees might have
ached as she weeded the onion bed, or her back ached
over the strawberry patch; but she would have breathed
pure air, slept soundly at night from healthy weariness;
but how infinitely better this than
Band and gusset, and 6eam,
Seam and gusset, and band. n.
IS WOMAN HER OWN?
Editors of Revolution:
The short article on Child Murder in your paper
of March 12th,- touched a subject whichlies deeper down
into womans wrongs than any other. This is the de-
nial of the right to herself. In no historic age of the
world has woman yet had that. From the time when
Moses, for the hardness of his heart, permitted the Jew
husband to give bis unpleasing wife a letter of divorce-
mentto Christ, when the seven male sinners brought to
him for condemnation the woman taken in adultery
down through the Christian centuries to this nineteenth,
nowhere has the marital union of the sexes been one in
which woman has had control over her own body.
Enforced motherhood is a crime against the body of
the mother axd the soul of the child.
Medical jurisprudence has begun to accumulate facts
on this point, showing how the condition and feelings of
the mother mould not only the physical and menial
qualities of the child, hut its moral nature.
Women keep silence upon rqany points, not breathing
their thoughts to their dearest friends, because of their
inner reticence, a quality they possess greatly in excess
of men.
And, too, custom has taught them to bear in silence.
But the crime of abortion is not one in which the guilt
lies solely or even chiefly with the woman. As a child
brings more care, so also, it brings more joy to the
mothers heart
Husbands do not consult with their wives upon this
subject of deepest and most vital interest, do not look at
the increase of family in a physiological, moral, or spir-
itual light, but almost solely from a money standpoint.
It costs. Tens of thousands of husbands and lathers
throughout this land are opposed to large families. And
yet, so deeply implanted is the sin of self-gratification,
that consequences are not considered while seifish de-
sire controls the heart.
Much is slid of the wild, mad desire of the age for
money. Money is but another name for power, it is but
another name for bread, it is but another name for free-
dom, and those who posses it not are the slaves ol those
who do.
How many states in tbe Union grant the wife an equal
right with the husband to the control and disposal of the
property of the marital firm? But two. [What two?
Eds. Rev.]
How long is it since a married woman in this state


216
bad the right to the control of her own separate pro-
perty ? Barely twice ten years.
How long since she could control her own earnings,
even those of a days washing ? Not yet ten.
History is full of the wrongs done the wife by legal
robbery on the part of the husband. I need not quote
instances; they are well known to the most casual news-
paper reader. It is accepted as a self-evident truth, that
those who are not masters of any property, may easily
be formed into any mould.
1 hesitate not to assert that most of this crime of
child murder, abortion, infanticide, lies at the
door of the male sex.
Many a woman has laughed a silent, derisive laugh at
the decisions of eminent medical and legal authorities,
in cases of crimes committed agamst her as a woman.
Never, until she sits as juror on such trials, will or can
just decisions be rendered.
This reason and that reason have been pointed to by
the upholders of equal rights, to account for the op-
pression of woman during past ages, but not one that I
have ever heard oflered has looked to the spiritual origin
of that oppression.
If my health and eyes enable me to do so, I shall be
glad to write occasionally as you request. Perhaps, a
series ol short articles upon the above point will be
timely. Individual freedom is emphatically the lesson
of the nineteenth century.
Seeing the letter of the Hon. Wm. Hay, of Saratoga,
in your last issue, recalled very forcibly to my mind the
Womans Rights Convention, gotten up in such an im-
promptu manner through his urging, at Saratoga
Springs, fourteen years aco the coming June, in which
you, myself, and Miss Sarah Pellet were the only speak-
ers. I remember my remarks then wore especially di-
rected to the absolute necessity of suffrage as the only
preservative of all other rights; a plank of the Equal
Rights platform, to which he so pointedly refers in his
letter.
Ah, well, Susan! the palpitations, half hopes, half
fears of that day are past, and we have lived to see much
change in public sentiment since then, and your energy
(which was really the saving of that day), has carried
you on and on, till now yon compel the world to be your
listeners.
I wish you could find some way to impeach the
Post-boys, or masters, who take such great liber-
ties with your paper. It must be in great demand, for
1 lose many numbers. Matilda E. J. G-age.
WOMAN AS QUEEN.
Editors of the Revolution:
When I threw out a hint as to the one thing need-
ful, I hoped to bring out others in response. Iie-
joice that a Teacher feds the truth of the sugges-
tion, and that there is such an opportunity as she de-
clares for hundreds of health missionaries to he taught.
Every seat in Dr. Densmores lecture-room should be
filled by serious, earnest students.
I am glad, too, to see Dr. Doziers rules for a health
dress. If there were any general diffusion of physio-
logical knowledge among women, it would not be so
difficult to make them see the importance of a change
for the better in dress. Even very intelligent women
will not believe that the present style of dress is a tear-
ful cause of disease, both of body and mind. If they had
a thorough understanding of physiology they would
know and realize that aspiration and inspiration, in the
spiritual sense, depend upon the bodily lungs, and that
the soul of a laced-corset-wearing woman can no more
aspire or inspire properly than her body can, for the
whole body breathes as the whole soul aspires, by the
action of the lungs. And so with all the functions of
the soul; they all are based upon and correspond with
the various lunctions of the body. A woman, then, who
dwarfs her body contracts her soul. With bodily health
woman charms, and rules thereby the universe; her di-
vine essence, which is love and wisdom (as mans is wis-
dom and love), having full play. Without health woman
is controlled by her body and loses her charm, becoming
the slave of man, ruining him also, who is only true and
noble when inspired by her. The world longs to be
ruled by its queen, to be lifted by her out of the discord
and disorder in which we now groan. But in order to
assume her sceptre, woman must become healtby,
whole, holy. Wooten, inspired by love and enlightened
by wisdom, will no more boast of child murder ; the
prevalence of which is one of the most terrible proofs of
the supremacy of body over soul.
One would say that a truly healthy woman, dominated
as she must be by the spirit, could never even conceive
the idea or entertain the possibility of such a crime

against nature, were she ever so little instructed in the
science of physiology.
Make woman healthy, and man will soon cease to be
the unpoised, unbalanced slave of lust that he is now,
and it will be much easier for her to maintain ber inde-
pendence. The unspeakable evil of prostitution is
poisoning (ho race.
Make women healthy and strong; educate them to
know how to labor ; let it be a reproach as great to a
girl to have no trade, profession or business, as it is to
a boy, and girls will become independent and able to
dictate all the laws and customs regulating the re-
lations of the sexes. In no country in the world is
fashion*more imperative than in our own. If we cannot
change this, at least let us make it fashionable for women
to be healtby and wise, beautiful and industrious.
f. s. o.
LEGALIZING PROSTITUTION.
The view of the proposed bill for the Suppression of
Prostitution taken by The Revolution. of last
week, will not bear criticism. It is unsafe to popularize
error ; and the subject is so important that whatev< r
promises to throw light upon it, should be irankly and
freely discussed. All possible errors and sources of
error must be eliminated from social questions, before
such generalizations as we are able to make in the present
state of knowledge, can be regarded as, in any degeee,
accurate or trustworthy, In view of this fact, and
seen from this standpoint, the articles of last week can-
not fail to have a pernicious effect. Withoutmakingany
effort to exhaust this subject in its legal, social or sani-
tary aspects, it is possible in a brief space to state cer-
tain important facts which cannot safely be ignored or
overlooked.
1st. Prostitution exists in all large communities, and
in New York it is unusually prevalent. We cannot, if we
would, rid ourselves of this fact. We disguise it; speak
Of it, if at all, in whispers ; shut it out, when we can,
from discussions upon social questions, whether public
or private ; and frequently refuse to believe, although it
flaunts by us in the street and stares at us from over the
way. These dens of moral and physical death are kr own
to number six hundred and. fifty-nine ; how many exist
without the knowledge of the police authorities can
scarcely be imagined. Not less than five thousand wo-
men practice this unholy trade. We cannot escape the
factsthey are relentless as death. What shall we do
with them ?
2d. Certain nameless maladies originate here, and
spread thence to every class and condition of life. So
insidiously, so certainly does this poison reproduce it-
self, and so permanent is it in its results, that no one can
foresee where it will make its appearance or where it
will end. Honest wives become infect* d through roving
husbands ; faithful husbands are poisoned by dishonest
wives ; unborn children, from one parent or the other,
inherit the fatal contagion aud enter the world only to
die early, or, if they reach adult man and womanhood,
only to generate a race still more leeble. One single be-
nevolent institution in New York alone reported 2,153
cases of these maladies in 1866.
3d. The effort to reform these women is almost hope-
less ; men are already beyond its reach. Experience :
has shown this in all ages. Reforms come through great
social or national revolutions that effect society as a
unit; never through exertions directed to the individ-
uals of which it is composed. In ten years the amiable
Sisters of the Good Shepherd have cared for 1,552 Mag-
dalenes ; 955 were sent to their families and 190 provided
with situations. An excellent work, and worthy of wo-
mans most persistent effort; but the average number
of reformations is only one hundred in each year,- and
this, it must be remembered, is an unparalleled success.
Evidently this method will not cure the evil, though it is
valuable as a helper in remedial means.
4th. Legal penalties enacted for the purpose of pun-
ishing prostitution fall with their whole weight upon
women. Men even seldom suffer. And when a woman foils
into the hands of the police, as often happens, whether
justly or unjustly, she loses the little self-respect she
may have left, and inevitably becomes worse through the
contact Clearly, this is of no social benefit; and in
view of these things what shall we do ? In the present
state of knowledge something may be done to mitigate
these evils, and amoDg others these things have been
proposed.
1st. The Registration of Houses of Prostitution. This
will expose property-owners who let houses for this pur-
pose to the public shame. A fine will aid in paying the
cost of the evils they conspire to increase and perpetuate;
and keepers of establishments of this kind will be driven
to owning their own bouses, which will reduce the
number.
2d. The Registration of Prostitutes. This will pr e-
vont crime of various kinds, by placing every woman
who, from choice or necessity, plies this demoralizing
trade under the eye of the law, not for purposes of per-
secution, as is the case under existing statutes, but for
the purpose of protecting her health and aiding her to
be as little shameless and indecent as is compatible with
her business and social condition.
3d. The establishment of a hospital ior the treatment
of such maladies as are engendered by prostitution, and
securing a place to which such unfortunates as may have
contracted any of them may be taken while the disease
is yet m its earliest stagesbefore it has utterly destroyed
the lives of its victims and before hundreds of new vic-
tims have been made by infection. Furthermore, to
compel all benevolent medical institutions, that receive
aid from the state to assist in the effort of curing these
maladies. Some now permit such patients to go un-
cared for, in the fear that if they should assist this class
of sufferers it would in some indirect way countenance
vice. We do not envy such eithor their logic or their be-
nevolence ; but the fact exists.
4th. To place all such persons and houses under di-
rect sanitary control. Skilled medical inspection, at
stated intervals, with the power to remove infected per-
sons to places from which it will be impossible to dis-
seminate the infeotion, will, without doubt, produce ex-
cellent results. And if, by this means, husbands, wives
and posterity are promised even a partial immunity
from dangers that are rampant under existing con-
ditions, or if even one hundred lives should be yearly
saved by this means, as tbe House of the Good Shepherd
saves one hundred reputations annually, certainly it will
be worthy the effort, and the reward will be adequate to
tbe means.
We have touched the subject superficially, but perhaps
enough has been said. If the proposed law should even
in a slight degree perform what it seems to promise,
certainly, instead of opposition, it should receive the
earnest and hearty support of all Who have eitaer the
interest of women or of society at heart. *
THE OLD ARD THE NEW.
Edi'ors of the Revolution:
Whitefield the revivalist of the lastcentury, once at-
tempted to pass through the throng to reacn his pulpit,
but was obliged to retreat and go up a ladder outride.
At his heels crept along a newspaper repoiter, seating
himself on a round of the ladder, as he supposed, unob-
served. Whitefield, before announcing his text, walked
to the front, and said, You are all murderersyou are
all murderersyou have all murdered the Lord Jesus
Christ. Turning to the reporter, he continued, put
that down, young man. If men required the sacrifice
of divinity itself to save them then, what shall be said of
their counterparts now, who defiantly stand with their
iron heels on the necks of the weaker half oi the human
race ? The bugle-note has sounded, and our banner
sweeps through the land, bearing in golden letters a
murdered Christs inscription to the people, culled from
his precepts, his life, his death, his resurrection, and
his intercessions on the rignt hand of the Father. And
yet the barbarous, Christless monster would still stain
his hoofs and blight his soul with humanity's blood.
In spite of every argument drawn from trampling upon
justice in this worldin spite of every argument drawn
from our higher interests in the better land, the pulpit
and the press say, cease your struggle to rise out of im-
palement. The old Bastile baptized by priests and Le-
vites is better suited to your inferior dimensions. In
tbe days of Hannah More, the same hue and cry was
raised hy men, by clergymen, because she formed Fe-
male Friendly Societies for the poor and needy, for
those who had no helper. They were fearful that the
gems in her glittering crown would eclipse their time-
serving deeds, and rob them of a vicegerency that
church-canonsold relics of which may be found in
New Jerseyhad settled upon them for life. They said'
she was seditious, a Jacobin, and that her writings
ought to be burned by the common hangman. -The
teachings of a murdered Christ bid us, as they hade
Hannah More, to rush out of the Popish noose, and take
forcible possession of the talents entrusted to our care.
The pulpit, robed in snrpliced authority and Calvinistic
edicts, aided by the press, says. No! wait until yon
reach the upper court, with nothing to plead before
your judge but the na&ed truth, (hat your fitness to pass
through that searching ordeal was left in tbe hands of
your Superiors on the eartha wholesale swindling
of immortal gifts which will follow them to the same


i&hc
217
chancery, where, if the court knows herself, and I think
she will, the verdictwill be rendered, doubly lost, doubly
cursed, doubly damned by your own hand. Though
every stab of humanity is a loud appeal to the professed
sentinels of a murdered Christ, we do not expect many
Whitefields of the present day to raise the cry of ** mur-
der from their pulpits for us ; we must do it for our-
selves, by stepping into the footprints of Garrison ; and
though we may not cannonier as well as he, we can make
ourselves unpopular enough to wear the crown at last,
and perhaps be permitted to write for the New York In-
dependent, if we have a fancy for tumbling in with church
cardinals of every shadeCalvinistic, Presbyterians,
Congregationalists, Baptists, freo will and close com-
munion, Methodists and Episcopalians, high church and
low and so have a harmonious time of it. If we have a
stormy, furious campaign, this will seem like balmy
rest to our troubled souls. Since the lone star with-
held its matchless light from the columns of the New
York Independent, that paper has wandered darkly here
below. Thank the angels that the none-such, at 37 Park
Bow, can turn out editors, managers, and contributors,
all free-born and unbound by ecclesiastical dictum, or a
belief in that primeval curse of womanhood, usurped
power. Did yon hear that faint crow from one of the
editorial lofts of the Tribune? The literary women of
the city are organizing The Order of the Pen. Does
he mean school marms, or The Revolution ? If the
Order of the Pen in our hands does not prove migh-
tier than the sword now in its sheath, let us stand ready
to.call out those brave women who figured in active ser-
vice during the last war, to lead us on to victory. We
are so linked in with master-spirits, that they must he
drawn up to our standard, whether they will or not, or
whether we want them or not. The world is full of
anomalies, and the most astounding of all is the one just
passing into history, viz : Men standing six feet in their
Congress-gaiters have waited for their weak risters to
move hem up to a proper status of manhood and moral-
ity 1 Though the brethren, who of old defended our
cause so faithfully, have left their father's house, and
the lonely household band, we hope to announce their
return ere long; or must we wait until the retina of the
eye sheds its dark hues, that white as well as black may
be daguerreotyped therefrom ?
Welcome the assassins ball and knife, welcome the
gibbet and the guillotine, welcome, thrice welcome cru-
cifixion on the cross between two thieves, rather than
to stand aloof and see woman crushed, her soul dwarfed,
her spirit broken, and her entire being a listless and un-
lovely wreck. Beside this great, colossal crime of the
universe, pure murder turns white as an angels wing,
and scarcely finds its match on earth or in hell.
J. Sumner Evans.
NEED OF LABORERS.
EXTRACT OF PRIVATE LETTER FROM ILLINOIS.
I enjoz chatting at you, frequently, even though we
are of such different politics; yet I can grasp your hand
warmly upon the Womans Rights question, especi-
ally upon reading the Decision of the Superior Court
in the Von Gian Divorce Suit, and in seeing, day after
day and week after week, all the cases of rape, bigamy,
elopements, and all other crimes or weakness connected
with our sex, placed under the heading of Woman, in
all the issues of the Chicago Times, just as though men
were in nowise connected with them, and as though
they are not generally, almost universally, the prime
movers in such matters.
We need lecturers to go to the little towns through
the west, and disabuse the minds of the people of their
idea of Womans Rights and Woman Suffrage. We want
something for the mass of the people to digest, as they
ao in all little towns, where every rail for a meeting is
well responded to, to break the monotony of every day
lifewhere every subject, sermon, or lecture is thor-
oughly canvassed afterwards, from the interior of the
saloon to the private parlors of the refined citizens.
This is different from the cities, where the excitements
of each succeeding evening drive out the remembrances
of the preceding, and, therefore, except in rare cases,
accomplish very little good. There seems to be a de-
termined effort in our towns to stifle agitation on this
subject, and successfully, too, from the fact that we can-
not even persuade our opponents to discuss the matter;
but they present to our attacks or advances merely an
iron-clad apathy which is impenetrable. The men are
afraid of their wives, sisters, and sweethearts becoming
interested in this question, and therefore effectually
smothsr it I We need a fire-brand sent right into our
midst, which will make the men look wild, and rouse
the women into thinking for themselves.
Yours, etc., P. W. Raley.
WOMEN IN TEACHERS INSTITUTES.
Editors of the Revolution:
Youb criticism on the Annual Report' of Victor M.
Bice, Superintendent of Public Instruction, is very good
as far as it goes.
If woman must render gratuitous service to the
State, let her labor in such fields as most need her care,
and will yield the greatest good to the greatest number.
It is an old adage that the stream will not rise higher
than the fountain, hence we would suggest to Victor
M. Rice and the New York Legislature, that in addition
to the duties mentioned to he dischargedby the School
Visitors, they should be clothed with official author-
ity to attend the Teachers Institute, held under the
supervision of the County School Commissioners, and
see to it that when the aforesaid Commissioners have
opened the sessions of the Institute, or, to use their own
expressive term, have set the machine a runnin I
they do not retire to the unoccupied school-rooms, with
a delegation of teachers of the masculine gender, and
devote the hours that they are paid to give to the inter-
ests of education, to playing cards.
Second. To see tb at the Commissioners and Teachers
are in their proper places during the sessions of the In-
stitute, instead of attending the Fordham Races.
Third. To see that Commissioners and Teachers are
not paid from the school moneys for time spent in such
recreations.
Fourth. To see that the closing exercises of the Insti-
tute, known as the.Teachers Reception, be not con-
verted into a shindy, and held in the most notable
groggery of the county, where the Commissioners and
TeachersWomen Teachers, it is a shame to say join in
the giddy dance with men so rotten with vice that they
go from the fair hands and sweet smiles of those educa-
ted vromen (whom we pay to care for the culture and
morals of oui little ones), to the gutter at the door, and
are found there at daylight, dead t dead / /
That this reform is greatly needed, and can only be
secured by the employment of some of these twenty or
thirty thousand women, whose occupations and habits
of mind are not generally adverse to tbe performance of
such duties, we would respectfully refer the New York
Legislature and Victor M. Rtce, for further information,
to the State employees, under tbe immediate supervi-
sion of the before-mentioned State Superintendent of
Public Instruction. Respectfully,
One of the Twenty ob Thirty Thousand.
ANNA DICKINSON.
EXTRACTS OF A PRIVATE LETTER.
Dear Madame : Inclosed is the money for The Re-
volution. lam in full accord with its aims, and wish
it a successful career.
* * *
Last week we went to Jamestown, New York, to hear
Anna Dickinsons lecture, Idiots and Women. She
had a noble hearing and gave a noble lecture.
' It is wonderful to witness the rapid change everywhere
going on around us here, in relation to womans right to
suffrage.
Probably not one woman who heard the lecture will
ever he so thoughtless or so weak as to say again I have
all the rights I want.
I hope, with your paper on the ground we may he able
to get several subscribers at this office. We will try.
Meantime, upon the tablet of memory, enter us upon
your list of friends. James Gatlin, M. D.
CHILD MURDER
Editors of Revolution;
In a late number of 'The Revolution I noticed an
article under this head, wherein the statement was made
that four hundred children were annually murdered in
Androscoggin county, and in a later number an article
from a teacher, wherein it was proposed to remedy this
evil by educating woman to the knowledge that there
was life in the embryo. Now, I live in Androscoggin
connty, and am personally acquainted with the physician
who made the statement and several of the women who
go to make up the four hundred ; and tbongh I do not
wish to disturb the faith of any one in tbe virtue or good-
ness of woman, I must confess that I do not think this
knowledge would deter one out of ten, if it did one out
of a hundred, with us, from the commission of this deed.
They do it with the knowledge that it endangers their
own lives, but the cry is Liberty or Death ; andcpuld
yon look in npon the wretched homes where heart-
broken women work day and night, for the most shame-
ful pittance, to provide food for tbe little ones whom the
brutal lusts of a drunken husband have forced upon
them, you would not wonder that they did not choose to
add to their number.
If our statesmen and philanthropists would abate this
evil, let them give|liberty to woman, freedom entire, and
the education it is sure to bring.
The Tribune laments over this conspiracy against
marriage, but it is time to conspire against an in-
stitution which makes one human tbeing the slave of
another. It is time to conspire against all who forsake
principle forparty. Conspirator.
E. Poland, Me., March 30, 1868.
CONSISTENCY.
Of all nations this America of ours ought to be most
free from superstition and conformity ; yet at this mo-
ment it is doubtful if any nation that can be called civil-
ized is so thoroughly governed by superstition and
fashion. The author of a recent book, with the curious
title, El Bib : God and Man by tbe Light of Nature,
says, there is no natural proof of immortality, but
that we are dependent wholly upon the revelation of.
Jesus Christ, as asserted by Paul, for all real knowledge
upon this subject. It is not true that there is no
natural proof of immortality, because millions of men
have had intense faith in the fact of another form of
life, who lived before the revelation referred to was
made. But even if it were true that there is no proof of
immortality outside of the revelation of Jesus Christ, by
what authority is that pronounced other than natural.
All we know of it is, that it is in a printed book, made
like all other printed books, and written as all others are,
by men. There is not the slightest proof that it had
any more unnatural or supernatural an origin than the
sacred books of the Hindoos, or the Persians, or the
Chinese, all of whom are unquestioning believers -in
immortality. This revelation was, doubtless, written
by those who had had natural proof of the truths of im-
mortality, as multitudes are having every day. Is it not
about time to apply our common sense to these subjects,
as we do to others, and cease to use words to pervert
the truth at the bidding oi superstition and fashion ?
Is there not a Revolution needed here ? Is it not time to
substitute .science for superstition, and individuality
for conformity.
There is no more mortal foe to religion than super-
stition, and it inflicts its deadliest wounds under the
guise of friendship. It is instructive to see how all the
enemies of the emancipation of woman gather around
the banner of superstition and fashion. But let us have
the light thrown upon them ; let us see them as they
really are, and their power is gone. f. s. o.
WOMANS WORK AND WAGES.
In the Tribune of March 26,1 find an article on Mak-
ing Watches in Illinois, which contains the following :
The Elgin factory employs two hundred and fifty per-
sons, half of them women. The latter are chiefly far-
mersdaughters. One rode alone in a buggy thirty miles
to Elgin to find what so many of her American sisters
are looking foropportunity. They receive from ninety
cents to one dollar and thirty-five per day. They show
special capacity for tbe work, look tidy and cheerful,
and find pleasant homes in the pleasant town.
The men earn two dollars per day and upward. Several
heads of departments have a co-operative as well as a
salaried interesta wise introduction of this principle
by the proprietors. How skilled labor respects itself !
These workmen dress tastefully, have noticeably intelli-
gent faces, and gentlemanlike manners. They are re-
spected socially and politically. One is an Alderman of
Elgin, and, incredible as it may seem to aNew Yorker, in
the rural West one may be an Alderman and yet an
honest man.
The men earn two dollars a day and upward; the
women, who show special capacity for the work, are
paid only half as much. According to the correspond-
ent these women look tidy and cheerful. They proba-
bly dress as tastefully as their means will allow, have in-
telligent laces and womanly manners. They are re-
spected socially andno, we can draw the parallel no
farther. Politically they are not respected, and in this
one distinction it is to be found the reason of tbe differ-
ence in wages. g. h.
Good fob Chicago.It is stated that Chicago
has 518 women clerks.


218

PROGRESSIVE DEMOCRACY.
The Georgetown, D. C., Union contains a let-
ter to Honu Thomas B. Florence, on extending
suffrage, that all Democrats could read with
profit. Considering its source, we gladly make
room for the following extracts :
Hon. Thomas B. FlorenceDear Sir: Let the
dead past bury its dead. Act, act, in tho living present,"
ie the watch-word of to-day.
Thomas Jefferson, the father of true democratic rad-
icalism, wrote that those who pay to support the State
are entitled by right to a vote.
John Stuart Mill, the friend of America, repudiates
the idea of manhood suffrage as too narrow.
Our fathers of '76 began the Revolution which ended
in American liberty with the war cry, No taxation with-
out representation!
The skin-deep radical leaders have enfranchised the
negro to save themselves from political ruin, and to car-
ry on their schemes of empire.
By defensive warfare we gain nothing and may lose all.
Let us carry the war intoAfrica!
Let the democracy concede to the skin-deep radicals
the negro suffrage on which they insist, thus relieving
itself from the popular odium of opposing free suffrage,
and prepare to place in the hands of our mothers, our
wives, our sisters and our daughters, the ballot which
will checkmate the skin-deep dreajns of Empire!
Let the democracy write on their banner, No Tax-
ation without Representation! Let them thus join to
themselves every American woman who respects herself
as much as she does Sambo, and who will work night
and day for those who promise to raise her at least to be
his political equal.
The democracy of Kansas, and other western states,
have already awakened to the true state of the case.
George Francis Train, in his new organ The Revolu-
tion, is leading the same way. Let the National Con-
vention take the ground of Emancipation for Women,
and in this sign conquer 1
From zone to zone, and from sea to sea, let the rally
cry of democracy ring; along river, mountain, and vale,
Free Suffrage and Local Liberty 1 till it swells to a
song of millions triumphant. Freedom.
PRACTICAL SCIENCE
United States Chief-Engineer Isherwood contends
that no useful effect is derived by using steam expansive-
ly. Steam-engine drivers who thus use it, find great
economy in fuel thereby.
Hon. Thomas Ewbank, ex-commissioner of Patents'
aod author of Ewbanks Hydraulics (a compiled his-
tory of pumps), publishes the startling discovery that
there is no more available power in high than in low-
pressure steam ; that the power of a measured quantity,
or weight of steam, is the same, whether it be com-
pressed into a thimble or expanded to a hogshead ;
and that the atomic force exerted in its colapsion into
water, may be mechanically employed by the use of
some new-fangled engine recently invented in England.
Both science and common sense teach us that high
steam can only become low steam by parting with a por-
tion of its force; also, that atomic force must be con-
verted into mechanical force before* it can, through
machinery, do mechanical work.
Some enterprising ex-professor of a college has dis-
covered that electricity ie the- cause of steam-boiler ex-
plosions, and proposes to mike the water harmless bv
piercing it with lightning rods. As the boiler and its
connections (ore of themselves electrical conductors,
comment is unnecessary.
The Scientific American, a journal celebrated for its
years rather than for its exposition of science, denies
and ridicules demonstrations of fact and geometrical
problems. It first refuses to adopt Euclid as a basis
for the settlement of a mathematical problem, and then
supposes two geographical points connected by four
routes, one route to be a straight line, and three to be
curved lines, the actual length of each, being the same
Again, in referring to a diagram showing two wheels of
equal size and weight, as rolling, the one on the convex,
and the other on the concave side of the same arc of a cir-
cle, the diameter of which admits the outer wheel to roll
its entire mass through a distance of six inches, and the
inner wheel but one and a half inches, the editor says.
as the wheels start together, roll together, and reach
the opposite position together, if is obvious that both
wheels have done exactly the same duty and made the
same number of turns on their axes. See Scientific
American of March 21, page 181.
Could snch men argue an invidious ohange of em-
ployment if, like Shallum of old, they were to attend
the family wardrobe and allow women possessed of
philosophical minds to occupy and fill their present
positions ? a.
Tenafly, N. Y.
LETTER FROM GEuRGE FRANCIS TRAIN
-ZA JAIL.
Four Courts Marshalsea, 1
Saint Patrick, March 17, 1868. J
To the President of the Irish Reform League:
I am with you in spirit but with Caulfield in flesh.
The government is so fond of Ameiica that they pick
up an American whenever they can. They prefer Feni-
ansbut Americans are the next best thing. In the
midst of life we are in debt. I sunk twenty thousand
pounds, ten years ago, in trying to give the English peo-
ple a carriage and two fine horses for a sixpence a ride,
but the aristocracy thought if I gave the people a car-
riage and pair they might want a cheap cottage, cheaper
food, and better pay, so they ripped up my Tramways
and although all the bills were paid by James MHenry
somebody, I dont call names, has put me in the Marshal-
sea for the claims of others. Of course it is not the
governmentoh, no I It was not the government that
shut up the Lecture Halls in Sligo, Limerick, Clonmel,
and Waterford 1 Judge Fitzgerald and myself, in spite of
the government, got Nagle off, you see. So help me God,
Keogh and myself were too much for the government at
Sligo. I never pay more than twenty shillings in the
poundthey now ask me to pay fortyhence, I intend
to make bankruptcy respectable. My name having been
in all the papers but the Gazette, I may as well patronize
that p qpular journal. Having shown that I am not easily
bullied, I propose to prove that I cannot be swindled.
I intend to carry out my programme. Another lecture
at the Rotundo, then the other Irish cities, all within the
law; then London, Manchester, Liverpool, ana Glas-
gow. How singular they should arrest me in Dublin,
and prevent me going to London, where the claim is
laid ? Was I not advertised all over London to lecture
there ? Could I not have gone home from Cork if I
wished? Do people usually walk into the mouth of the
law that way when guilty ?
And so you want an address on The Irish Difficulty
and its Solution. The subject is wide and easily an-
swered in two wordsIrish Nationalityor at least self-
legislationa government like Australia or Canada. You
say that the working men will compose your audience
God bless them
The working men, whateer their task,
To carve the stone or bear the hod,
They wear upon their honest brows
The Royal stamp and seal of God,
And brighter are their drops of sweat,
Than diamonds in a coronet.
As you are to have the working men at your great meet-
ing let me embody in this letter the following address
from the working men near the jail to George Francis
Train :
Dublin, March 16,1868.
To the American George Francis Train, confined in an
Irish jail:
You may have heard some loud cheers the other night.
Well, they came from us who are your friends. We are
poor working men who live near your prison, and we
know that you are the Mend of Ireland, or what is left
of Ireland. All kinds of stories are circulated about
you by your enemies, but we all think that you have
been arrested through some trick, in order to stop yonr
lectures, which are doing so much to make the people
think. Bat although they have got your body, they can-
not control your mind, for all of us have read your
First Epistle to the Philistines, which the boys are
shouting through the streets, and which so laughingly
exposes the make-believe trial of Colonel Nagle at Sligo.
We also read the Irishman of Saturday, with your court
items from the Elephant and Castle ; or, Your Journal
in Jail, which shows you do not forget Piggottand Sul-
livan, who now suffer the felons fate for being true to
Ireland. May God bless you and bless America is the
heartfelt wish of several hundred working men, who
send you this letter through some ot our trustworthy
companions. * * * *
The Working Men of Dublin.
Four Courts Marshalsea, \
March 16,1868. |
To the Working Men of-Dublin :
Your deputation brought me your kind words, and
your cheers told me that my friends were not fur away.
No! thank you. I do not wish to escape. For it would
not be honorable. I am well treated here by all, from
the governor down ; and although you show me how
easily I can breathe what you call the air of liberty, I
prefer to bide my time. But are you sure it is the air
of liberty? Are you sure that we are not more inde-
pendent inside than you are outside ? Are you sure that
my lot is not more independent than yours ? Let us
compare.
Jnside the Habeas Corpus is only suspended within
these walls. Outside it is hung up all over Ireland!
Outside you only speak in a whisper. Here we talk as
loud as we please. Last night the prisoners, or rather,
Caulfields honored guests, serenaded me, playing
Yankee Doodle, Star SpSfTgled Banner, Hail Columbia,
John Brown, and Tramp! Tramp! Tramp l the Boys
are Marching! and nobody made complaint. Had I
been at the Gresham or Shelboume, the police would
have dispersed the crowd. Have we not then more lib-
erty inside than you have outside ? Here we can prome-
nade all day without au escort; outside you have de-
tectives for breakfast, detectives for dinner, and detect-
ives for tea.
We have no policemen inside. They composed almost
my entire audience at the Rotundo. There are no bai-
liffs here ; outside they are always on the track. Here
my hotel has more liberty than yours. How many there
are in these thatched cabins that are sick, and no one to
help tnemhungry, and no food. Here in the pauper
court, stirabout and milk, regularity and exercise make
them well; and yet after all it is hard on the poor
debtor who wears away five years of idleness lor ten
pounds debt. I believe in the workiDg men. They earn
their bread by labor. Would to God that every time
they are tempted to look into a quart pot they would
turn away and look into a book. Would to God that
they would all become Father Matthew men in order to
prepare them for the nationality of Ireland.
If England dont do something for Ireland, America
will. If Parliament dont act, the Fenians will. There
seems to be a new panacea for all your ills. The shadow
of George the Fourth is coming to Ireland to set
Plggot and Sullivan at libertyto release Nagle, War-
ren, Costello, Meany, and the Jacknell men, and to visit
hie dear cousin at the Four Courts Marshalsea. I have
given orders to have the jail illuminated, or, in other
words, set on fire in honor of the august occasion.
Regards and remembrances to the working men of
Dublin. Sincerely,
George Francis Train.
FINANCIAL PROBLEMS.
Editors of the Revolution:
Since the close of the war in the field, financial ques-
tions have been constantly growing in importance, and
in most minds overshadow all others.
Mr. Cary, M. C., from Ohio, says that when he was
elected, the contest was not npon the negro, butupon
the money question.
The Chicago Tribune, one of the influential papers re-
presenting western thought, asserts that the policy of
Congress is shaped to suit the interests of certain capi-
talists, and even in Philadelphia there is a complaint that
we have secured more than our Mr share of banking
facilities, at the expense of other sections.
Papers in all portions of the country are exercised
with tiie financial problem, and there is no end to the
pamphlets and speeches attempting to show us the
right way, which, judging from the diversity of opin-
ions offered, has yet to be discovered.
There must be a truth somewhere, and it is the busi-
ness of our people to find and apply it, so that it may
not only serve for our own nation and times, but for all
nations, and for all time ; or, at least, until the products
of labor are sufficient to meet all wants and render price
unnecessary.
For the present, and for a long period hereafter, we
must deal with prices, and it is in regard to this ques-
tion that I propose to speak first, and discover, if pos-
sible, some method by which the excess of which all
purchasers justly complain, can be safely and equitably
diminished, if not to the notes prevailing prior to the
suspension of specie payments, at least to the gold
standard or to 100, instead of 140, which we now pay.
It is, of course, quite impossible to state the amount
accurately which would disappear from our present in-
flated valuation, if we should decide to return at once to
the gold standard, though it is safe to say that it woold
more than equal our public debt, mid still not change
the real value of our property or the currency we use
as representative, a single dollar. Both the property and
the paper would purchase the same sum in a bill of ex-
change on London or Paris, as at present, and be worth



precisely the same in exchanging one kind of property
for another. Not one dollar would be lost.
. If this statement is true, as it certainly is, I shall be
asked why the change is not effected, and our transac-
tions all made, as they should be, by a standard which
has a well known and considerably uniform relation to
labQr, by which its own cost is determined, so that all
parties can calculate with some degree of certainty as to
the result of their commercial or industrial enterprises.
It is but fair to admit that there are many well dis-
posed persons who fear that a resumption of specie pay-
ments or return to the old standard, would hasten calls
for settlement of obligations, and increase unduly the
demand lor gold, and therefore they are not willing to
enoounter the supposed risk.
Bui the real difficulty does not lie here, but with
another and very influential class> in whose hands we
find our currency obligations, which they hope to have
paid in gold at full price, which is forty per cent, more
than is really due.
All the efforts of these persons to secure resumption
by contraction of the currency, and the conversion of
seven-thirties, compounds, and legal tenders into bonds
payable in gold, have just this purpose, and it is this to
which our friends at the west, and all others whose le-
gitimate business it is to be debtors, justly object.
It is idle to say to these men that they are not to pur-
chase commodities at the east on credit, or that, having
done so, as they always must, we will take advantage of
them by reducing the price of their produces to the gold
standard, while we hold their currency obligations, and
insist upon being paid in full. This will not answer.
Sometime, capitalists at the east will find it out, and re-
pent too late that they had not proposed that all con-
tracts for the payment of money should thereafter be
made by the specie standard, and that all then existing,
really payable in currency, should be paid in specie
when due, at the price they were worth and could have
been had for in gold at the date of the change.
In short, Congress should provide for an early if not
an immediate resumption, declaring simply, as it should
in all cases of a change of our monetary standard, that
existing contracts are not to be violated, but paid ac-
cording to the standard which existed at the date of
change, that being wbat they are really worth both to
the debtor and creditor.
It is not yet too late to do this, and at the same time
make provision for our public debt,-and also for a better
paper currency than has ever yet existed here or else-
where,- as I shall attempt to show hereafter.
Boston, March 31, 1868. n. w.
MB-. CARYS BILL
To establish a uniform currency, provide for the
management and liquidation of the national
debt, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by (he Senate and House of Representatives
of the United Stales of America in Congress assembled,
That the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States,
or such officer as may be authorized, be, and he is here-
by authorized and required to issue Treasury certificates,
not bearing interest, in denominations of one, two, three,
five, ten, twenty, fifty, one hundred, five hundred, and
one thousand dollars, which Treasury certificates shall
be receivable in paym< nt of all debts and demands of
every kind due, or which may become due, to the United
States, and of all claims or demands against the United
States of every kind whatsoever (except that portion of
the bonded debt created prior to the first day of July,
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and the in-
terest and principal of the national debt which has been
by law expressly made payable in coin), and shall also
be lawful money and a legal tender in the payment of
all debts, public and private, within the United States,
and shall be receivable for, or convertible into, the in-
terest-bearing bonds of the United States, authorized to
b6 issued by this act, when presented at the Treasury
Department of the United States in 6ums of not less than
one hundred dollars.
Sec. 2. And he itjurther enacted, That the Secretary
of the Treasury of the United States, or such other offi-
cer as may be authorized by law, be, and is hereby, re-
quired to issue bonds of the United States in denomina-
tion of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than
ten thousand dollars bearing lawful interest, and payable
or redeemable w Treasury certificates, authorized to be
issued and declared lawful money of (he United States
by this act, when presented to the Treasury Department
of the United States at any time after three months from
the date thereof: Provided, That bonds shall be dated on
the first of January, April, July, and October.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the bonds here-
by authorized, and all other interest-bearing obligations
of the United States issued after the passago of this act,
shall bear interest at the rate of three per centum per
annum, payable semi-annually in the Treasury certifi-
cates or lawful money authorized by this act, until other-
wise provided by law : Provided, That Congress may
change the rate of interest on the bonds hereby author-
ized, and on al other interest-bearing obligations of the
United States issued after the passage of this act, when
in their judgment the public interest would be promo-
ted thereby; but no lawmaking any alteration in the
rate of interest on the public debt shall take effect for
six months after its passage.
Seo. 4. Andbe it further enacted, That the Secretary
of the Treasury, or such other officer as may be author-
ized by law, be, and is hereby, required to pay all the
outstanding bonds or other obligations of the United
States created since the first of July, one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-one, when the same shall become due
and payable, or due and redeemable at the pleasure of
the government, in the Treasury certificates hereby
authorized to be issued, or to give in exchange therefor
the interest-bearing bonds authorized to be issued by
this act, at the pleasure of the owner of any such bond
or other obligation of the United States, except when it
has been expressly provided by law that such bond or
other obligation shall be paid in coin; and the Secretary
of the Treasury is hereby authorized and directed from
time to time, as the same may.be required, to purchase
with the Treasury certificates, or interest-bearing bonds
hereby authorized to be issued, by sealed bids or other-
wise, as ma£ be most advantageous to tbe public inter-
est, the coin necessary to pay tbe interest and principal
of the bonds and other obligations of the United States,
which have by law been expressly made payable in coin;
and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby directed to
give notice, by publication in two newspapers published
in Washington city, to the holders of any such outstand-
ing bonds or other obligations of the United States to
present the same at the Treasury Department for such
payment or exchange within five months from, the date \
of the publication of such notioe, or at the time the same
may thereafter become due and payable, or redeemable
at the pleasure of the government, and the interest shall
cease to accrue on all such bonds and other obligations
of the United States not presented for such payment or
exchange within the time before mentioned, or from the
time any such bond or obligation shall thereafter become
due and payable, or redeemable at the pleasure of the
government.
NATIONAL LABOR UNION
EXTRACT FROM THE NATIONAL LABOR UNION PLAT-
FORM OF PRINCIPLES.
We further boldThat all property or wealthisthe
product of physical or intellectual labor employed in
productive industry and in the distribution of the pro-
ductions of labor ; tbat laborers ought of right, and
would under a just monetary system, receive or retain
the larger proportion of their productions; that the
Wrongs, oppressions, and destitution which laborers are
suffering in most departments of legitimate enterprise
and useful occupation do not result from insufficiency of
production, but from the unfair distribution of the pro-
ducts of labor between non-producing capital and labor.
That money is the medium of distribution to non-
producing capital and producing labor, the rate of inter-
est in determining what proportion of the produets of labor
shall be awarded to-capital for its use, and what to labor
for its productions/ tbat the power to make money and
regulate its value is an essential attribute of sovereignty,
tbe exercise -of which is by the Constitution of the
United States wisely and properly granted to Congress,
and it is the imperative dnty of Congress to institute it
upon such a wise and just basis, that it shall be directly
under the control of the sovereign people, who produce
the value it is designed to represent, measnre, and ex-
change ; that it may be a correct and uniform standard
of value, and distribute the products of labor equitably
between capital and labor according to tbe service or
labor performed in their production.
That the law enacting the so-called National Banking
system is a delegation by Congress of the sovereign pow-
er to make money and regulate its value to a class of ir-
responsible banking associations, thereby giving to them
the power to control the value of all the property in the
nation, and to fix the rewards of labor in every depart-
ment of industry, and is inimical to the spirit of liberty
and subversive of the principles of justice upon which
our democratic republican institutions are founded, and
without warrant in the Constitution; justice, reason,
and sound policy demand its immediate repeal and the
219
substitute of legal-tender treasury notes as the exclusive
currency pf the nation.
That this money monopoly is the parent of all mono-
poliesthe very essence and root of slavery. Railroad,
warehouse, and all other monopolies, of whatever kind
or nature, are the outgrowth of and subservient to this
power, and the means used by it to rob the enterprising *.
industrial, wealth-producing classes of the products o
their talents and labor.
That as government is instituted to protect life and se
cure the rights of property, each should share its just
and proper proportion of the burdens and sacrifices
necessary for its maintenance and perpetuity, and tbe ex-
emption from taxation of bank capital and government
bonds, bearing double and bankrupting rates of interest,
is a species of dangerous and unjust class legislation,
opposed to the spirit of our institutions and. contrary to
the principles of sound morality and enlightened reason.
That our monetary, financial, and revenue laws are in
letter and spirit opposed to the principles of freedom
and equality upon which our democratic republican in-
stitutions are founded. There is in all their provisions
manifestly a studied design to shield non-producing
capital from its just proportion of the burdens necessary
for the support of the government, imposing them
mainly on the industrial wealth-producing classes, there-
by condemning them to lives of uuremunerated toil, de-
priving them of the ordinary conveniences and comforts
of life, of the time and means necessary for social en-
joyment, intellectual culture, and moral improvement,
and ultimately reducing them to a state of practical
servitude.
We further hold that while these unrighteous laws of
distribution remain in force, laborers cannot, by any
system of combination or co-operation, secure their
natural rights. That the first and most important step
towards the establishment of the rights of labor, is the
institution of a system of true co-operation between non-
producing capital and labor. That to effect this most
desirable object, money, tbe medium of distribution to
capital and labor, must be instituted upon such a wise
and just principle, that instead ot being a power to cen-
tralize the wealth in the hands of a lew bankers, usurers,
middlemen, and non-producers generally, it shall be a
power that will.distribute products to producers in ac-
cordance with -the labor or service performed in (heir
productionthe servant and not the master of labor.
This done, the natural rights of labor will be secured,
and co-operation in production and in the distribution
of products will follow as a natural consequence.
The weight will be lilted from the back ot the laborer,
and the wealth-producing classes will have the time and
the means necessary for social enjoyment, intellectual
-culture, and moral improvement, and the non-producing
classes compelled to earn a living by honest industry.
We hold that this can be effected by the issue of treas-
ury notes made a legal-tender in (he payment of all debts
public and private, and convertible at the option of the
holder into government bonds, bearing a just rate of interest,
sufficiently below therate of increase in the national wealth
y natural production, as to make an equitable distribution
of the products of labor between non-producing capital and
labor, reserving to Congress the right to alter tbe same
when, in (heir judgment, the public interest would be
promoted thereby; giving the government creditor the
right to take the lawful money or tbe interest bearing
bonds at his election, with the privilege to the holder
to re-convert the bonds into money or the money into
bonds at pleasure.
We hold this to be the true American or peoples mone.
(ary system, adapted to (he genius of our democratic re-
publican institutions, in harmony with (he letter and
spirit of (he Constitution, and suited to the wants of the
government and business interests of the nation; that
it would furnish a medium of exchange, having equal
power, a uniform value, and fitted for tbe performance
of all (he functions of money, co-extensive with the
jurisdiction of government. That with a jnst rate per
cent, interest on the government bonds, it would effect
the equitable distribution of the products of labor be-
tween non-producing capital and labor, giving to laborers
a loir compensation for their products, and to capital a
just reward for its use; remove the necessity for ex-
cessive toil, and afford the industrial classes the tune
and means necessary for social and intellectual culture.
With the rate of interest at three per cent, on the gov-
ernment bonds, the national debt would be liquidated
within less than thirty years, without the imposition or
collection of one farthing of taxes for tbat purpose.
Thus it would dispense with (he hungry hoard of as-
sessors, tax-gatherers, and government spies that are
now barrassmg (he industrial classes and despoiling them
of their substance.


220

LITERARY.
Causes of Exhausted Vitality ; or, Abuses of the Sex-
ual Function. By E. P. Miller, M.D., Physician to the
Hygienic Institute and Turkish Baths, 13 Laight st,
New York.
In this work Dr. Miller has dealt with a most difficult
subject with a success which entitles him to the grati-
tude of mankind. The subject is interdicted almost
everywhere for reasons that need not be named. The
present moral or immoral tone of the drama can be tol-
erated to a degree unknown in the modern centuries.
One step more would people the stage with beauties in-
nocent of even the Fig Leaves of Eden ; and already the
nearer the approach to it, the greater the throngs in at-
tendance, and the more are theatres multiplied.
The press, also, is a too willing accomplice in the pres-
ent wholesale conspiracy against good taste, morality
and virtue. The police, it is said, have an eye on certain
indecent publications staring from news-stands in wanton
defiance, with a view to their suppression. But it may
be questionable whether the moral sense of the com-
munity is so much perverted and corrupted by these, as
by the more insidious practice of advertising in reli-
gious and respectable newspapers, not only all manner of
abominations under the name of medicines to preserve
life, but also to prevent it beforebirth, or indirectly but
effectively, to destroy it as soon as possible afterwards.
It is in just such a state of society that we should ex-
pect a work like this of Dr. Millers to he censured it
not condemned and reprobated. But, happily for the
good and the safety of the human race, there are many
in whose hearts the love of virtue, purity, health and
goodness is not supplanted by the greed of gold or lust
All such will find the treatise before us an invaluable
aid in arresting the tide of immorality that threatens to
engulf us. The chapter of hints and directions to pa-
rents, teachers, ministers and physicians on the best
modes of instructing the young in sexual science is well
worthy of study. The book contains a hundred and
thirty pages, is handsomely printed and bound, and we
sincerely wish it a wide circulation.
The Northern Monthly, a Magazine of General Litera-
ture. M. R. Dennis & Co., 132 Nassau st., New York,
and 248 Broad street, Newark, New Jersey. The April
number is on our table. One peculiarity of this journal
is that it treats extensively of the prevalent immoralities
of the stage, the press, the dress and behavior of wo-
men, and of men, too, and the general tendency of the
age towards the social codes of France and other Euro-
pean countries. It cannot be denied that, with less
reason to imitate either the good or the bad of other na-
tions, than any other, we do still study and copy them,
especially in all their worst works and ways, more than
does any other people in the civilized world. A journal
like the Northern Monthly, well and wisely conducted,
would be of incalculable good to the nation, to old as
well as young. We have often wondered why a work
more like the Spectator of Addisons time, than any now
existing, should not be instituted and made both morally
and monetarily, a grand success. i
Ticknoe & Fields, Boston, are as sure to bring us
Every Saturday as is the week itself. Sometimes the
Saturday of the week is dull, cloudy, cold ; but not so
the Saturday of Ticknor & Fields. Dared we indulge a
suggestion, however, we should say a little infusion of
the more progressive literature into its pages, the Radi-
cal, the Revolutionary, would increase its usefulness
and not diminish its profits. %
JEFFERSON AND SUFFRAGE
The Revolution endorses the following,
wherever it came from, all but the last period.
Instead of there having been no democratic
party in 1776, The Revolution believes
there was really no other then ; and that there
has been none so near it since :
Thomas Jefferson was a radical. He believed in negro
voting, and voted vith negroes. Negro votes helped
elect him to office. If alive now, democrats would
threaten to hang him to a lamp post.
Gen. Washington believed in Equal Suffrage, and voted
side by side with negroes every time he voted at all,
during his whole life, after the Revolutionary War.
Even South Carolina, in 1776, enacted Equal Suffrage,
although she repealed the act two years afterwards. But
in the year of the Declaration of Independence, every
state then existing believed in Equal Rights for all men.
There was no democratic paity^then.
Rebellion Still Raging. The Brooklyn
Eagle says news comes from San Francisco to
the effect that male teachers in the public
schools there, who were favorable to the Union
cause during the war, are being discharged, and
persons of southern proclivities placed in their
stead. Three gentlemen connected with the
schools from ten to fifteen years have received
tickets of leave, and others are marked. Text
books containing favorable mention of the
Union cause are thrown out, and reference in
any manner to the subject is forbidden.
Cutting Criticism.Rev. M. D. Conway,
writing from London, says of the English
church and its ministry :
I have in my life seen many ugly things and mean
things. I have seen slaveholding rule in our southern
states, the rule of the Austrian in Yenetia, 'copperhead
meetings in Ohio, the dynasty of Louis Napoleon; but
the supremest ugliness, the.most systematized mean-
ness, I have ever seen seems to me that of the English
church, and the ministers thereof. There are, indeed, a
few exceptionsmuch fewer, I think, than is generally
supposed in Americabut the vast majority of the
church ministers are selfish, course, and utterly ignorant
oi what is around them.
A Crazy Decision.The papers dont tell the
name of the town, but it is in Ohio,where the
trustees have just been fined $250 for refusing
to receive the vote of a resident citizen at a
late local election. The cause of their refusal
was curious. The citizens wife was an inmate
of the insane asylum, and those wiseacres de-
cided that, as man and wife were legally one,
liis domicile was in the lunatic asylum with her,
and he was therefore non compos. Ohid needs
idiot asylums more than a million dollar state-
house. At least that is our opinion.
Civilization Tending South.The Augusta,
Ga., papers advertiseDr. Zeke, a colored dentist,
as prepared to supply to colored ladies artific-
ial teeth, with plumpers, mounted on plates, in a
neat and durable manner, to restore the original
expression of the face We had supposed
plumpers were the very last and highest ex-
pression of fashionable art; and so shall feel
hopeful of the colored race when they are seen
capable of rising so rapidly to such heretofore
inconceivable heights.
English Tram-ways.All The Year Round,
Dickenss weekly, comes out strongly in favor of
them, and says : We shall have tram-ways in
all the business thoroughfares and streets of
London that are available for the purpose. If
Trains patent will hold water, he'may be sure
of a fortune.
Profane Women!Here (Alabama) where there is a
great difficulty iu finding men who are able to take the
test oath, the practice has been to appoint women as
postmistresses, they being able to take that oath, which
is a necessity before any one can fill a government office.
Thero are said to be at present forty postmistresses in
Alabama, and these ladies are discharging their duties
with great fidelity and promptness.
And have we come to this, that women will
take oaths men shrink from? We trust they
may not prove to be forty thieves, like their pre-
decessors. The primer says swearing and
stealing generally go together.
Rev. Db. Atwood, in the recent Philadelphia
Convention, said : God has made woman the
governor of the world, which may be true;
but what has man made her ?
Mrs. Croly says that the literary women of this city
are forming a society called "The Order of the Pen,"
which is to extend over the whole country. The asso-
ciation is to have a monthly "lunch at Delmonicos.
The ladies certainly are making great changes in their
habits and customs, We think the strong-minded"
will conquer old prejudices shortly.
We are glad to have some new order for wo-
man. We have had the order of the needle
long enough. A lunch at noon is more sensi-
ble than those midnight dances. But, ladies, we
suggest that you have some of the handsome
men of the Metropolitan press admitted into
the order. Read Tennysons Princess and
you will see how fruitless all these attempts at
isolation have proved in the past.
Iowa, not having a state debt, is inclined to be lavish
in public expenditures, and proposes to build a new
state house at a cost of two millions of dollars.
Dont you do it, Iowa! New York is taxed to
death with her public improvements. So long
as half the men, women and children of a state
have no homes of their own, let our representa-
tives sit in cheap state houses.
To Boys.Horace Mann talked to the boys,
this way:
You are made to be Kind, generous and magnani-
mous. If theres a boy in school who has a club-foot,
dont let him know that you ever saw it. If theres a
boy in school with ragged clothes, dont talk of rags in
his presence. If theres a lame boy in school, assign
him some place in the play which does not require much
running. If there is a dull one, help him to get his
lessons.
The Ohio Wesleyan University decides to ad-
mit colored students of male kind, and Zions
Herald pertinently asks :
. When will the Pittsburg Advocate announce the like
deoision of the trustees of its college and their reinstate-
ment of Miss Barrett to her rights and privileges ?
A disagreeable old bachelor says that Adams wife
was called Eve because when she appeared mans day of
happiness was drawing to a close.
Oh! no, just the contrary ; he was approach-
ing the hour of quiet and rest. There is ever a
peculiar charm about the twilight hour, hence
she was called Eve.
The New York Dailies.The following peculiarities
are noticeable iu our different doily papers, and
may be interesting to some of our country readers : The
Tribune gives its wide-awake "Home News," gath-
ered from our own streets and the many hamlets round-
about ; the World its brief, spicy, and amusing "Per-
sonal" column ; the Times its entertaining "Minor
Topics," a department that Us neighbors would do well
to adopt ; the Sun, which, by the way, shines for all,
very appropriately illuminates its pages with Sun-
beams, a chatty column gleamed from its 'exchanges ;
and last, but not least, the Herald, rejoicing in its page of
"Telegraphic News from all Parts of the World," in-
cluding all those written in the Herald office.
Wicked Monopoly.The newspapers appear
to take pleasure in reporting that a gentleman
in Illinois owns an estate so large that he has1
three hundred and twenty miles of hedge upon
it and is to sow a new field of ten thousand
acres for the first time this year. No one man
ever owned justly so much land as that.
Henry Lewis, Wm. Howard, and a woman were ar-
rested in Portland, Me., yesterday, on charge of robbing
the Adams Express Company in Pennsylvania.
Woman is too pure to come down into the
muddy pool of politics, to go to the polls! Of
course they will not put the woman in prison.


'8fc* 221
Frank Confession.The celebrated French
physician, Magendie, in one of his class lectures
said:
Gentlemen, medicine is a humbug. I know it i6 called
a science. Science indeed! It is nothing like sci-
ence. Doctors are mere empirics when they are not
charlatans. You have done me the honor to come here
to my lectures ; I tell you frankly I know nothing about
medicine, and I dont know anybody who does know any-
thing about it. Who can tell me how to cure the head-
ache, or the gout, or disease of the heart? Nobody.
Oh I you say the doctors cure people. I grant people
are cured; but how we they cured? Nature does the
cure, not medicine.
Complaint is made against the unsightly tele-
graph poles which disfigure some of the streets.
One paper says the sooner we get rid of the
forest of peeled saplings which infests our city
the better.
But what of the unpeeled saplings on both
sides of all the--streets?
Unwise Expenditure.Iowa and New York
propose to build new state houses at a cost of a
million dollars each. What both states need is
much better legislation, then their old capitols
would do well enough.
Good Law and Logic. Gen. Sherman said :
If you admit the negro to this struggle for
any purpose, he has a right to stay in for all,
and when the fight is over, the hand that drops
the musket cannot be denied the ballot.
Chewing Gum.It is supposed by the simple
that the balsam so much chewed by young
persons exudes from one of the varieties of the
spruce tree. Instead of that, it is generally found
to be, when purchased of the confectioner, a
preparation of gum arabic, gum tragacanth, resin
and fat. The fat is obtained from dead hogs,
dogs, cats, or any decaying dead animals. And
the alkaline substance used for bleaching of
the article is considered worst of all.
Every Day Adds One.The New York Mail
says the Pittsburg Evening Chronicle has come
out in favor of Womans Rights. Alter reading
an article in the last number of Putnam's it
thinks girli are not paid enough for their work.
Whs is Stephen Tyng, Jr., a bad artillerist?
Because he broke the canon. ;
Why are Messrs. Stubbs and Boggs unfit for the
American naval service ?
Because they stand by an unimproved English canon,
and reprimand an officer for doing service in a pea-
jacket (bob tail coat.)
Extract of Letter from a Clergyman.I am more
and more pleased with your excellent paper. It is gain-
ing friends fast. When I first sent for it, my wife would
not read it; now, she will hardly stop reading it while
we have prayers. I wish The Revolution had start-
edsooner. It it had, it would have broken into the next
Presidential campaign. Godspeed The Revolution.*
James Hawkins.
Negro Supremacy.A Richmond correspondent, says
in the Virginia Constitutional Convention, a very blacK
member called a page to him and sent to one of thelead-
i ng white members for a chaw of tobakker, which
was courteously sent in the form of a ten-cent plug.
Black gentleman bit off ka big quid and sent the re-
mainder back.*
OUR AGENTS.
Mbs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st., N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mbs. O. Squires, Utica, N. Y.
Mbs. M. A. Newman, Binghamton, N. Y.
Miss Mahta S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mbs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, R. I.
Mbs. E. P. Whipple, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mbs. R. B. Fischer, 923 Washington st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. M. H. Brinkerhoff, Utica, Mo.
Mrs. A. L. Quimby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mbs. E. A. Kingsbury, Iowa.
Mrs. L. C. Dundore, Baltimore, Md.
Miss Clair R. DEvebe, Newport, Maine.
Mbs. H. M. F., Brown, Chicago, 111.
Mas. G. L. Hilderbrand, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mbs. Julia A. Holmes, Washington, D. C.
Mbs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. J. Martin, Atchison, Kansas.
Mrs. Geo. Roberts, Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mbs. Laura A. Berry, Nevada.
Mr. J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington Road, Camberwell, Lon-
don, England.

Financial -and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank cf England, or American Cash for
American Bids. The Ot'edii Fonder and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the Soutk and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Counhy from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omdhato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-jive Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million fen' the
Whites ?
THE EEVOLUTION,
NO. XIV.
*
To our Servants at Washington from tlie
People at Home*
WHAT IS A SLAVE?
A slave is a person whose bodily toil and
the fruits of it are the property of another!
Slavery abolished by law in the Southern States
at a cost of four thousand millions of dol-
lars and a million lives of able-bodied men,
and yet slavery existing in fact in every State
of the Union. Of how many American citizens
can it now be said that their bodily toil and
the fruits of it are the property of another ?
Since the rebellion ended the American people
have begun to feel the first twitches of the iron
grip of* want, and to suffer from the evils of a
blighted industry. Their bodily toil and the
fruits of it have become the property of
thieves; Government thieves; Collectors of
Internal Revenue thieves, robbing the people
right and left ; Collectors of Customs, with
their organized ring of thieves for blackmail-
ing merchants; the whiskey ring thieves; the
tobacco ring thieves; the Seward-Thurlow
Weed gang of contract thieves, and their organ-
ized swindles with the Japanese government
steamerstheir foreign land purchase swindles
of Alaska, St. Thomas, Lower California, and
any other spot on the face ef the globe, that
their genius can devise as an excuse for hand-
ling the peoples money; Stanton-Thurlow
Weed, War Department, Contract thieves ; the
Freedmans Bureau thieves ; the Indian Bureau
thieves; and the Chase-MCulloch-National
Bank swindle, which absorbs the profits of the
mercantile community into exorbitant dividends
of twenty to thirty per cent, per annum. The
National Bank men and government bondhold-
ers control legislation at Washington, and they
force the people to work for them and to make
about $200,000,000 per annum, to support them
in luxury and idleness. These are the slave-
holders, numbering about four hundred thou-
sand, who own the bodily toil and the fruits
thereof of the American people. These slave-
holders hold the purse-strings of the nation and
make money scarce or plentiful at their plea-
sure. This is the source of their power. It must
be taken from Cieim and given to the people. The
National Banks must have the right of issuing
notes taken from them, and the peoples money,
greenbacks, must take their place. Government
bonds at a low rate of currency interest must
be issued and made convertible into greenbacks at
par, at the pleasure of the holder, so that the
people when they want money shall not be at
the mercy of the Shylocks. of the National
Banks and usurers. Let money become democrat-
ized, or so plentiful among the people that labor
and enterprise shall never want for the tools to
work withgreenbacks. This democratizing
money is the symbol and the key to the highest
civilization and happiness of which humanity is
capable. This is freedom. The reverse or
poverty, is slavery. It is a mockery to tell a
man that he is free to be happy and improve
himself and his family both in body and mind
when the means to do all thismoney and
creditare denied to him, and are monopolized
by the few of the privileged classShylocks,
who make the money markets tight or easy,
prices low or high, and business good or bad to
suit the interest of themselves, the Shylocks of
the money bags.
The people want and must have more green-
backs. They must have money democrat-
ized.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
tycoonrussells grand English breakfast
TO THE MODERN SHYLOCKS IN HONOR OF HIS
BRITISH FRIENDS, MESSRS. CHADWICK tc SONS.
A VERY RECHERCHE AFFAIR.
GRAND GATHERING OF BANK OFFICERS, TREASURY
BROKERS AND OTHER SHYLOCKS.
A FURTHER INSIGHT INTO THE RECENT MONEY
STRINGENCY.
BRILLIANT SPEECHES ON THE OCCASION.
THE PRESS REPRESENTED BY LORD CORNWALLIS.
HIS ARISTOCRATIC REMARKS.
THE SHYLOCK DODGE ON THE STAND.
BBEOKINBIDGE-COAL THOMPSON TELLS HIS EXPE-
RIENCE.
THE DEFUNCT WALL 9TBEET LEADER, SWEET
WILLIAM MABSTON, MAKES A GREAT CHIP
SPEECH ONCE MORE.


222

THE SHYLOCK BANE OFFICERS MAKE INTERESTING
DEVELOPMENTS OVER THEIR COFFEE AND
CHAMPAGNE.
THE TREASURY BROKERS, PETE MYERS AND MgiN-
NIS, AMONG THE SHYLOCES.
THE TYCOON RUSSELL SPREADS HIMSELF, AND TELLS
HOW {HIGHLY RESPECTABLE MERCHANTS
AND FIRST-CLASS BANK PRESIDENTS MAKE
MONEY.
MESSRS. CHADWICK & SONS* CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE
tycoon russells coffers.
THE SHARP PRACTICES OF WALL STREET THROWN
INTO THE SHADE.
IMPUDENCE, BRASS AND NO CONSCIENTIOUS SCRU-
PLES, NOT INTEGRITY AND FAIR DEALING, THE
SURE ROAD TO WEALTH.
The talk among the brokers and speculators iu Wall
street during the past week has been about tight
money, Erie, Pacific Mail, the Treasury Department and
the sharp practices of its brokers. These have been
over-shadowed, however, by The Revolutions re-
port of the great Drew Banquet in JerseyJCity, and every-
body is wondering and asking his neighbor who writes
for The Revolution. We women write for The
Revolution, of course, and many of our kind friends
and patrons on the street supply us with the chit chat
and gossip of the busy world of Wall street. The Rev-
olution is the only paper that is after
THE SHARPERS AND SHYLOOKS
in a bold manner, and we mean to continue to expose all
their tricks and doings. We are trying to assist Uncle
Daniel in his laudable efforts to build a Hebrew syna-
gogue, the same as we are doing our best to help
BEN. WADE INTO THE PRESIDENTIAL CHAIR,
when things will be more pleasant all around. The
country has had
ENOUGH OF JOHNSON AND MOULLOCH,
and we need a change.
UNCLE DANIEL AND BEN. WADE
are both in favor of Womans Suffrage, and therefore we
go in for them.
TYCOON RUSSELL IS ALSO IN FAVOR
of Womans Suffrage, and we mean to push him forward,
and show up the salient points in his character. On dit,
the great event of the week was the grand
ENGLISH BREAKFAST GIVEN BY THE TYCOON
Russell to the Shylooks of Wall street, in honor' of his
BRITISH FRIENDS, CHADWICK & SONS.
This is the grand topic of conversation on the street, in
the clubs and in private circles. The event took place at
the new and splendid apartments of the
UNION LEAGUE CLUB,
and was the most recherche affair of the season. It is
true that it lacked the decorations so prominent at the
Drew Banquet, but it was very select and stylish, and
LORD CORNWALLIS
says it was a nobby affair, and so like the entertain-
ments he used to attend in London when he was an Eng-
lish lord. Some of our readers may ask, when was Corn-
wallis an English lord ? and in case such a question
arises, we refer them to history. The party comprised
the prominent
SHYLOOKS OP THE STREET, THE TREASURY BROK-
ERS, SWEET WILLIAM MARSTON, AND THE
PRESS WAS REPRESENTED BY THE ARISTO-
CRATIC CORNWALLIS, THE BEAU BRUMMEL OF
THE FINANCIAL EDITORS,
and the distinguished and retired counsellor at law. In
regard to the breakfast itself it is only necessary to say
that the great resources of the
UNION LEAGUE CLUB
were taxed to the utmost to give eclat to the occasion.
After the usual ceremonies of an English Breakfast
were gone through with, a number of toasts was pro-
posed and handsomely responded to by various gentle-
men present. The speeches were very rich, and most
certainly afford a great deal of information to the outside
barbarians in regard to ancient and modern sharp deal-
ings.
THE HEALTH OF THE TYCOON RUSSELL
was the first regular toast, which produced a great out-
burst of applause, and as soon as it subsided, the
IMMORTAL TYCOON AROSE,
who, although he has one foot in the grave, has still a
keen scent after the spondulix, especially in the shape
of a sharp shave on money. A colored waiter on one
aide handed him a napkin, while
VAIL ON THE OTHER, HELD
a bottle of perfume to his nose for a few seconds; this
seemed to put new life into the
TYCOON OF SHYLOOKS,
and just at this moment the happy thought of
COIN, INTEREST AND A COMMISSION,
flashed across his memory, which caused him to open
his finely chiselled and aristocratic mouth, and he spoke
as follows : Fellow Shylocks, the honor of your pres-
ence here is appreciated. The occasion is enlivening.
I congratulate you and my bank on the flourishing times
we have had at the expense of stock brokers and other
common people. Fellow Shylocks, the common
people were created for us to pluck, and when we pluck
them, as we have donethe last three weeks, that is our
destiny, and when they are plucked by us they fulfil
their destiny. I am aware ol the outcry against us,
but if we cannot charge any price we like for our money
what is the use of the money being ours ? If these
common people dont like to pay seven per cent, in
gold and a commission, why do they take our money?
Common people always grumble. Every low fel-
low wants to be a gentleman. My good friends,
heaven ordained that there should only he a
THE HEALTH OF SECRETARY MCULLOCH
was the second regular toast, which was drank with a
bumper and three times three. Alter the applause sub-
sided, there were loud cries for Myers, and the
GENTLEMANLY PETE AROSE
to respond, as he is a near relative of the Secretary, and
his confidential agent in New York. His appearance
was the signal for renewed applause, and Pete bowed his
thanks, and said : Gentlemen, let us ever pray for the
great statesman and financier McCulloch, a man who
never forgets his Mends and is down upon his enemies.
His Mends, emphatically to use the language of the
great Shylock Russell, are gentlemen. His enemies
are all common people. We, gentlemen, stick to Mc-
Culloch, and he kindly works themoney market tight
and the price of gold down by which we can make much
money. I have, as you all know, done my very best and
worked like a heaver to
MAKE MONEY TIGHT
and to bring down the price of government bonds, I
have talked money panic and I have
GOT VAN DYCK TO TALK
as if everything was going to eternal smash, and as if
government was so short of money that we must sell
gold, I got Van Dyck to
HUMBUG THESE NEWSPAPER MEN
who are a low set of fellows that no gentlemen ought to
speak to, with one brilliant exception, like a
PEARL IN A SOWS EAR,
and that is our noble and aristocratic English MeDd,
Lord Cornwallis. His intellect alone, and I might say
his gentlemanly Instincts also, led him to take our side
and
WRITE MONEY PANIC AND RUIN
to everybody excepting our small chosen band, with the
GREAT MCULLOOH AS OUR LEADER.
Lord Cornwalliss notions of finance are considered by
the common people crude, and perhaps they are, but a
gentleman has a right to crude notions. In fact, what
has a gentleman not a right to ? I agree with Tyooon
Russell m the sentiment that the common people
must be taught to mind their own business and to leave
gentlemen alone to do as they please. This great prin-
ciple of the Union League must be maintained,
fl
THE COMMON PEOPLE MUST BE KEPT DOWN,
otherwise what is to become of the work of the nation,
and without work there can he no prosperity, and thats
whats the matter. If these fellows were only to work
hard enough there would be no hard times. Everybody
cant be a Treasury broker. If we were all Treasury
brokers, what, my friends, would the world come to ?
Who would buy the gold? No, my friends, Heavens
ways are always the best ways, and tbit the
TREASURY DEPARTMENT IS A DIVINE INSTITUTION
is self-evident in the fact that the
at the opening of the spring trade. We have done well
lor ourselves and friends, and by keeping short of gold
have been enabled to make money by the decline in the
price, as well as the enormous rates paid for carrying
eoin. I tell you, gentlemen, it is a big thing
TO BE A TREASURY BROKER,
and no one knows that better than the
AFFABLE PETE MYERS AND MYSELF.
It is true that Pete has had the cream of the thing, but
I have done well on the crumbs that have been thrown
out to me. And flow, my friends, if we have done .well
enough, what must the
INSIDE TREASURY OFFICIALS HAVE MADE ?
I think the figures might appal the public, and I hesitate
to estimate them. I advise every one to be a Treasury
official or broker if he wants to get rich fast. In con-
clusion, allow me to say that Van Dyck is a great man,
and, like Sweet William, is not averse to picking up
the chips. After this speech McGinnis sank into
his seat, bis great effort overpowering him, when a citi-
zen of African descent held a bottle of
FLOR DE MAYO TO MgINNISS NOSE,
which revived him again, and the Shylocks gazed on
him in silent admiration.
FEW GENTLEMEN IN THIS WORLD,
and let us thank heaven at morning service every Sun-
day that we are of that chosen few. If ever there was an
occasion which would j ustify a gentleman In mingling
his voice with the common herd in a hallelujah at the
morning service in church, it is when he feels the proud
consciousness
OF BEING A GENTLEMAN.
Here the Tycoons feelings overcame him, and he seem-
ed to be on the point of fainting, but
CASHIER VAIL QUICKLY CAME
to the rescue, and poured some perfume on a lace hand-
kerchief with which he bathed the temples of the exci-
ed Bank President. Revived by the delicate attentions of
Cashier Vail, he resumed his address* Fellow Shylocks,
it is our duty at all seasons to be grateful for the
mercies we enjoy, and to recall the memory of those rich
blessings which, at past periods in our lives, have been
showered down upon us by a kind Providence. My
BRITISH FRIENDS, CHADWICK & SONS,
formed a peculiar providence in my life. I thank
heaven frequently, if not oltener, that Chadwick &
Sons were created, and that the auspicious star of
Charles H. Russell & Co. brought me into fond and lu-
crative relations with them. Truly American as I am,
I do not object to British gold. You will agree with me
that foreigners and common people are fair game. The
Tycoon faint with his exertions, murmured Vail,
Vail, and Vail assisted him into his velvet chair, and
fanned him gently with a perfumed lace handkerchief.
GRAND DUTCHSS VAN DYCK
is Assistant Treasurer, and that
PETE MYERS AND MCGINNIS
are his brokers.
THE TTRAT.TTT OF THE GRAND DUTCH.SS VAN DYCK
was the third regular toast, and the Shylocks showed
their appreciation of Van Dyck by filling their glasses
several times. The company gave nine times nine
and a tiger, with other friendly mianifestatio ns. At
first the party seemed at a loss who to call upon, as the
Grand Dutch-ss was in Washington, but soon their eyes
FELL UPON MGINNXS,
and he was called out to respond. McGinnis arose
and said : Fellow Shylocks, I am not accustomed to
speech-making, but as my confederate, Pete Myers, bas
just responded for the Honorable Secretary, I will not
ahrinit from the pleasant task. I admire the Grand
Dutch-ss Van Dyck for bis firmness of character,
which vulgar people might
CALL DUTCH STUBBORNNESS.
If he was in New York I know it would afford him great
pleasure to be here, as he is an admirer of Shylock. My
friends, he did his -part towards the recent stringency in
a noble manner, and his continuous sales of gold, which
Myers and myself coaxed him into, undoubtedly helped
many oi the banks and bankers to extract gold interest
and a commission from the miserable stock brokers,
and also to
KILL THE BUSINESS OF THE COUNTRY



223
THE TREASURY BANKERS
was the fourth regular toast, which was drank heartly
by all present, amid
LOUD CALLS POE DODGE.
Hie band played airs from the Grand Duchess, and the
SHYLOCK DODGE DANCED THE CAN-CAN
to the head of the table, in the most graceful and nim-
ble manner, which commanded the admiration and ap-
plause of all present. In a few moments the applause
subsided and
DODGE SPOKE A3 FOLLOWS :
Worthy Loyal Leaugers : I am a little out ot breath
dancing this can-can, but it does me good because i*
brings to mind the many oommon people/* as my
friend Russell calls them, whose breath I have nearly
squeezed out of them during the last fortnight with not
gold interest but % and X Per cent per day. I think
we ought all to unite in a contribution to have things
MADE ALL BIGHT AT WASHINGTON
again for another money squeeze. On Saturday an im-
pudent fellow, one of the ** common people that I had
obliged with $900,000 at % and per cent, per day for
over a week*refused to take my money at all. I find my
money beginning to be difficult to use. This wiil never
do. I think I am a little ahead of even friend Russell in
this lending business. I dont lend money.
I TURN GOVERNMENTS.
It is more respectable. It looks better and sounds bet-
ter. If I charged' high rates of interest our country
customers might want to share in the profits, and ask us
to allow them higher rates for their balances. I use
also Humbert and others to lend my money at % and %
per cent, per day and then I escape the odium of the
common people." I did a good thing for the whole of
you in
GETTING THE LAST BANK MEETING
to vote against using the three per cent, legal tenders
because if they had done that we could never have got
high rates for our money. Calhoun, of the Fourth Na-
tional; Timpson, of the Continental ; Cox, of the Mechan-
ics ; Haight, of the Commonwealth ; and other conserva-
tive men who never chaige anybody more than 7 per
cent, in currency and always do all they can to hlep
their customers, instead of squeezing them as we do,
came very
NEAR COOKING OUR GOOSE
by getting the banks to vote for using the three per
cent, certificates ; but I worked the other way with my.
Mends Russell, Vail, Breckenbridge Coal Thompson,
Moses Taylor, Coe, Palmer, Williams and others, and we
succeeded in making glorious hard times for the com-
mon people and a great deal of money for us gentle-
man/* We must manage another squeeze again and I
think we can do it. Dodge then dodged back to his
seat.
THE PRESS
was the fifth regular toast, which caused loud mid
repeated
CALLS FOR LORD CORNWALLIS,
who arose amid thunders of applaase from the Shylocks
present, when his tall and commanding form was the
signal lor a buzz of admiration. He threw the
LAPPEL OF HIS COAT BACK
in imitation of Billy Marston and Johnny Eoey, and
run his tapering fingerswhich guide the pen that gives
such wisdom to the publicthrough his sun-like beard
and hair in the most graceful manner
ARISTOCRATIC REMARKS OV LORD CORNWALLIS.
Lord Cornwallis then said, gentlemen, I am happy to be
able to honor you with my presence, on this occasion.
I am with you heart and soul, and have done all I could
through my columns to
HELP TO MAKE A MONEY PANIC.
Somo of the brokers do not like my course, but what do
I care for them. They are nothing hut a lot of
VAGABONDS, GUTTERSNIPES AND SCRUBS, AND I DE-
TEST THE WHOLE VULGAR GANG.
I am of an aristocratic turn of mind, and I think first-
class people have a right to perpetrate any irregu-
larities without being brought to task therefor. Some
of the noodles" attached to the daily papers have
come out against the Shylocks, but I am with the Shy-
locks because they move in good society and are aristo-
cratic, which to me is far more important than princi-
ple. I am on the side of Drew in the Erie fight, al-
though I have been on the other side heretofore and
have abused the old man repeatedly, but you know men
change their opinions sometimes, and in Wall street
there are often
SOLID REASONS FOR CHANGING.
My Mend Marston has changed before me, and as he
is aristocratic and respectable in society, I like to imi-
tate him. I must say, however, in deference to Mars-
ton, that if you
FOLLOW HIM IN STREET SPECULATIONS
blindly, it may sometimes result in a costly experiment.
The Lord here stroked his beard again and resumed bis
seat, when the company arose, and each one bowed his
thanks to the noble Cornwallis for bis presence and com-
fort on this occasion.
THE TYCOON RUSSELL
here arose, when a colored waiter on one side put a
smelling bottle to his nose, and another waiter gently
wiped his brow with a fine lace pocket handkerchief.
This inspired the great Tycoon, and he said: Gentle-
men, I have a toast to propose which I know will meet
with your cordial approval. There is one man, now in a
foreign country, who has done more than any other to
make money tight, and thereby enabled us bank officers
and bankers to
ESTABLISH COIN INTEREST,
and afterwards to still farther advance it to X per
cent, per diem." Gentlemen, I propose as the sixth
regular toast
UNCLE DANIELMAY HE SOON BE RELEASED
FROM HIS EXILE TO JERSEY, AND AGAIN RESUME
HIS WALL STREET TRICKS,
and I call upon
SWEET WILLIAM MARSTON,
to respond in the unavoidable absence of
UNCLE DANIEL.
The Tycoon here sank back into his velvet-cushioned
chair, and was fanned by his two waiters and
SOOTHED BY CASHIER VAIL.
SWEET WILLIAM MARSTON
was loudly called for, and the dear creature arose to his
feet, which, by the way, take a considerable quantity of
leather to encase them. He wore a very aristocratic and
noble air, and
EACH HAIR OF HIS HEAVY BLACK MOUSTACHE
was in its proper place. The
LAPPEL OF HIS COAT
fell back of its own accord, and the commanding and
majestic form of Billy showed to its fullest advan-
tage. Every one present gazed upon the
DEFUNCT LEADER OF WALL STREET,
with silent admiraton, and said he had ought to have
been a Treasury Broker, or Treasurer of some kind,
where greenbacks were plenty.
SWEET WILLIAM OPENED HIS ROMAN
moutb and spoke as follows :
THE SPEECH OF SWEET WILLIAM.
Shylocks, I greet you. Champagne for breakfast shows
that Bussell is a brick, and I have no doubt bis British
Mends, Chadwick & Sons, were bricks too, that is, bricks
for Bussell & Co. Well, I see that' you are all of the
right sort and after the
CHIPS.
I tell you, boys, that
CHIPS
take everybody. Chips sweep the board.
RUSSELL, VAIL, DODGE
and all you fellow Shylocks are after the Chips, and call
them gold interest and shaves.. You take the Chips of
the street by extra interest, and I take the Chips by
pools, jamborees, and private accounts numbered 1,2, 3
and A.
RUSSELL, MY BOY, AND DODGE, MY KING-PIN,
give us your hands. We are all one thing on the
CHIP
question. (We are right proper associates for. each
other. You may wonder at my running with Unde
Daniels machine now, but I have changed all for the
Chips. My Mend, Lord Cornwallis, has also changed#
and he goes it strong for Uncle Daniel, although he used
to blackguard him the worst kind; but
RUSSELL, MY BOY,
it was all for the Chips. I am glad to make your ac-
quaintance, because I think I can do better with a new
set of friends, to whom I shall be bappy to make my
great talents known. I can make more Chips in a short-
er space'of time than any man living ; so, Bussell, my
boy, and Dodge, my King-Pin, and
ALL YOU LOYAL
Leaguers, yon had better fall in line and follow your
leader. I shall now beg to introduce to you toy esteemed
Mend, Theodore Tilton, whom you must all know as the
GREAT GUN OF THE INDEPENDENT
and Beecher's church, who is also after the
CHIPS,
and I tell you when these religious people do go after
the
CHIPS
they go it strong.
' MR. THEODORE TILTON THEN ROSE,
bowed gracefully and smiled blandly, and said : Ladies
and gentlemen, excuse me for saying that I think your
hospitable board lacks one thing, and that is the presence
of the ladies. I have been lecturing all over the coun-
try on
womans RIGHTS,
although I was dead against them a short time ago and al 1
for what you call the Chips. I lecture for Chips, I write
for Chips, and I get all the
QUACK ADVERTISEMENTS I CAN
for the Independent, because they pay many Chips. I
have taken up the
womans rights question,
because I see a great many Chips in it. It pays well,
and the greatest good in this world comes from the
greatest quantity of Chips. If any of you would like to
hear my lecture on Womfi*s Bights, I shall he happy to
give it for the proper consideration of Chips. Other-
wise, gentlemen, you could not expect it, and if you did
expect it without the Chips, you certainly would be dis-
appointed. The Good Book says the laborer is worthy
of his hire/* and that
IS A TEXT I NEVER FORGET.
Here Sweet William
SLAPPED THE LOVELY THEODORE ON THE BACK
and told him that these sentiments were the right sort,
and that he would be a first rate hand to help him to get
up a pooL Theodore appreciated the compliment,
smiled sweetly, bobbed gracefully ad round to every-
body, and sat down with his usual air of profound self
satisfaction.
_ CASHIER VAILS SPEECH.
I am a self-made man, and am not ashamed of it. If I
did keep a boarding-house it was not a cheap one, and i^
is no disgrace to any one. I am a great man now, that is
the great man of another great man, President Russell. 1^
hope I please President Bussell, I will do everything to
please him and every other rich man in New York. It is
so pleasant to please rich men.
POOR MEN I HATE AND DESPISE.
Nobody has any right to be poor. I learned a good deal
with President Stevens, but, bless your soul, I knew
nothing then about squeezing the chips out of the com-
mon people,* because President Stevens, although a great
man also, was as innocent as a new born babe compared
with the remarkable genius for squeezing the customers
of the Bank of Commerce, possessed by my
PATRON SAINT PRESIDENT BUSSELL,
I feel it an honor to wait upon him and even to stand
in his presence. Here Yail at a signal from Shylock
Bussell dint up abruptly. Breckenbridge-Coai Thomp-
son then rose and proposed the following toast:
THE SHYLOCK BANK OFFICERS, MAY LONG LIFE
AND SUCCESS ATTEND THEM,
Was the seventh and last regular toast, which was drank
standing with immense enthusiasm. Glasses were filled
and refilled, and the excitement lasted some time. Mr.
Moses Taylor was called upon for a speech, but declined,
as he said he made a point of never saying anything,
but he thought the Bank vote was right. Mr. Coe of the
American Exchange Bank agreed with Mr. Moses Taylor,
and said he heartily approved of the banks refusing to


224
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\
accept of the government offer of the three per cent, cer-
tificates, because the banks were all right -without them,
and if the people happened lo be short of money, why
that was their misfortune. Mr. Williams of the Metro-
politan, and Mr. Palmer of the Broadway, said that all
they cared about was themselves, and they did not see
that it was their business to look after the people at all.
A parting address in poetry was
RECITED BY THEODORE TILTON,
and the company gradually dispersed delighted with the
English breakfast, and the aristocratic
SHYLOCKS OF THE LOYAL LEAGUE CLUB.
The Revolution was disturbed in its sanctum last
week by the appearance of a tall and slender thing,
dressed like a gentleman with kid gloves and a stick. It
was evidently feeble in body, and when It opened its lips,
it was seen plainly the poor thing was still more feeble in
mind. It did not seem to be quite clear as to what It
wanted to know, but It seemed to be suffering from a
severe attack of
JONES ON THE BRAIN.

It is true that Jones is a remarkable name, almost as re
markable as the It itseli, with its kid gloves and stick and
S mike-like body and expression ; but then there is more
than one Jones in this world, although The Revolu-
tion found it impossible to make this plain to the It.
After considerable cross-questioning, The Revolu-
tion ascertained that
JONES TJP THE HUDSON, OR QUARTZ-HILL JONES,
was the object of tender solicitude to the It. It wanted
to know about Jones up the Hudsoji or Quartz-Hill
Jones, hut the notions of It were very foggy, and when
questioned, the appearance of It was truly alarming and
monopolized all the compassion and pity The Revo-
lution had to spare. If It has a mother, that
MOTHER OUGHT TO LOOK AFTER IT.
The poor thing sadly wants its mother to take care of
It and keep It from wandering about in search of Jones
up the Hudson or Quartz-Hill Jones, for Chapman,
Drake Brothers, and all the Mining Board have been
HUNTING FOR QUARTZ-HILL JONES,
and there is no Quartz-Hill Jones where Jones ought to
he, so the poor It had better go home to its mother and
not waste its time in trying to be
joness shadow.
De Cordova has made a mess of his Montana little
affair, and attempt to take in De Comeau by a corner. De
Comeau got an injunction from Judge Barret on buy-
ing the stock in under the rule, so
de cordovas little game
is blocked. De Comeau is likely to be made one of
Uncle Daniel's Hebrew Trustees for his noble and chiv-
alrous conduct on this occasion. r
DE COMEAU, IN THIS MONTANA
affair, has shown himself truly worthy of being initiated
into the fraternity of Hebrew Trustees, because he has
taken Uncle Daniels advice of always acting on the
great Wall street principle of
NEVER PAYING WEEN YOU LOSE,
so that the chips are always coming in and no chips
going out.
THE MONEY MARKET
was tight throughout the week until Saturday, when it
became suddenly easy after Ip. m., at 7 per cent, and
about 3 p. m., at 7 to 0 per cent. On Friday, money was
more scarce than on any day during the last fortnight, and
% and % per cent, per day were paid freely with Govern-
ments as collaterals. The weekly bank statement sbows
the severe pressure in the large decrease of deposits,
$6,553,232, and the sharp contraction on the part of the
banks is seen in the decrease of $3,u90,356 in loans.
The legal tenders are decreased only $413,372. The fol-
lowing is a statement of the changes in the New York
city banks compared with the preceding week :
Maroh 26th April 4th Differences.
Loans, $257,378,247 $264,287,891 Deo. $3,090,366
Specie, 17,323,367 17,087,299 Deo. 226,068
Circulation, 84,190,808 34,227,108 Inc. 36,800
Deposits, 186,525,128 180,956,846 Dec. 5.568,285
Legal tenders, 52,123,078 51,709,706 Dec. 418,372
THE GOLD MARKET
closed strong, and with a tendency to advance.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week
were as follows *
. Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 28, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Monday, 30, 139 139% 138% 188%
Tuesday, 31, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Wednesday, 1, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Thursday, 2, 338% 138% 137% 137%
Friday, 3, 137%' 138% 137% 137%
Saturday, 4, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Monday, 6, 138% 138% 137% 137%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was dull, owing to tightness inthe money market. Prime
hankers 60 days sterling bills ranged from 109 % to 109-
% and sight 109% to 110%. Francs on Paris, 60 days,
5.17% to 5.1G% and Sight 5.15 to 6.13%.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was strong throughout the week, notwithstanding the
stringency in money. The Vanderbilt stocks and lead-
ing Western Railroad shares were firm and higher at
the close. Pacific Mail declined to 93% tinder a heavy
pressure of sales, said to be for account of the company
and friends of the directors. The general market closed
strong.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quptations :
Canton, 47X to 48 j Boston W. P., 19X to 20; Cum-
berland, 82 to 33; Wells, Fargo & Co., 34 to 34%5
American Express, 68% to 69 X 5 Adams Express, 76
to 76% 5 United States Express, 70 to 71; Merchants
Union Express, 85 to 35% > Quicksilver, 24% to 25;
Mariposa, 5 to 6%; preferred, 6 to 8; Pacific Mail, 92X
to 92% J Atlantic Mail, 87 to 87X # W. U. Tel., 37X to
37% ; New York Central, I22X to 123; Erie, 73% to 73-
X ; preferred, 74 to 76; Hudson River, 140 to 142 ;
Reading, 91 to 91% ; Tol.W. & W., 49 to 50 ; preferred,
7U to 74; MU. & St. P., 58 to 58% ; preferred, 72 to 72%;
Ohio & M. C. 31 to 31%; Mich. Centra], 113% to 114';
Mich. South, 90 to 90% 5 IU- Central, 140 to 141; Cleve-
land & Pittsburg, 91% to 91% 1 Cleveland & Toledo, 105
to 105% ; Rock Island, 95% to 96% ; North Western, 63%
to 65 ; do. preferred, 75% to 75% ; Ft, Wayne, 101% to
101%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
have been strong throughout the week under the in-
fluence of a steady investment demand.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau st., report the following quo-
tations :
Registered, 1881,111% to 111%; Coupon, 1881, 111%
to 111% ; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 108 to 103% ; 5-20 Cou-
pon, 1862, 110% to 110%; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 108% to
108%; 5-20 Coupon, 1865,108% to 108% ; 6-20 Coupon,
Jan,and July, 1865, 107%, to 107%; 5-20 Coupon, 1867,
107% to 107% ; 10-40 Registered, 101% to 101% ; 10-40
Coupon, 101% to 101%; June; 7-30, 106% to 106%;
July, 7-30,106% to 106% ; May Compounds, 1864, 118%:
August Compounds, 117%; September Compounds,
1X7 ; October Compounds, 116%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,561,928 against $2,925,744, $2,179,064
and $2,548,475 for the preceding weeks. The imports
of merchandise for the week are $5,701,225 against $5,207-
173, $7,676,117. $4,563,354, and $4,753,533 for the preced-
ing weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie, are $3,996,-
447 against $1,946,376, $4,052,946, $2,574,845 and 93,980,-
200 for the preceding weeks. The exports of specie were
$1,281,052 against $556,675, $275,502, $1,096,916 and
$1,643,290 for the preceding weeks.
"gASTERN HYGEIAN HOME.
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
R. T. TRALL, M.D., - ) Physicians
ELLEN BEARD HARMAN, M.D., J ***&<**&
This institution is beautifully situated on the Delaware
River, midway between Bordentown and Burlington.
All classes of invalids are treated on strictly Hygienic
principles. In the College Department patients and
guests have the privilege of hearing most of the lectures
of Professors Trail and Harman to the medical 'Class.
City office No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York. Send stamp
for circulars.
Office, 361 West 34th street, )
N. Y. Feb. 11, 1868. f
MRS. C. S. LOZIER, M.D., dean of the
N. Y. Medical College and Hospital for Women
and Children, desires in this way to ask assistance from
any of our citizens, men or women, to purchase a desir-
able building and grounds in the upper part of this city,
offered to the Board of Trustees for $31,000. They have
about $15,000 of the amount. Any one able*to help them
to secure this property either by donation or loan, with-
out interest, will forward a noble cause. Apply or write
to MRS. C. F. WELLS, Secretary of the Board of Trus-
tees, No. 389 Broadway, firm of FOWLER & WELLS.
540 MILES OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD,
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA ACROSS THE CONTINENT
ARE NOW COMPLETED.
THE TRACK BEING LAID AND TRAINS RUNNING WITHIN
TEN MILES OF THE SUMMIT OE THE
ROCKY \MOUNTAINS.
The remaining ten miles will be finished as soon as
the weather permits the road-bed to be sufficiently
packed to receive the rails. The work continues to he
pushed forward in the rock cuttings on the western
slope with unabated energy, and a much larger force
will be employed during the current year than ever
before. The. prospect that the whole .
GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for tb construction of this Great
National Work are ample. The United States grants its
Six Per Cent. Bonds at the rate of from $16,000 to $48,000
per mile, for which it takes a second lion as a security, aud
receives payment to a large if not to the full extent of its
claim in services. These Bonds are issued as each twenty
mile section is finished, and after it has been examined by
United States Commissioners and pronounced to be in all
respects a first-class road, thoroughly supplied with depots
repair-shops, stations, mid all the necessary rolling stock
and other equipments.
The United States also makes a donation of 12,800 acres
of land to the mile, which will be a source of large revenue
to the Company. Much of this land in the Matte Valley
is among the most fertile in the world, and other large
portions are covered with heavy pine forests and abound
in coal of the best quality.
The Company is also authorized to issue its own First
Mortgage Bonds to an amount equal to the issue of the
Government and no more. Hon. E. D. Morgan and Hon
Oakes Ames are Trustees for the Bondholders, and de-
liver the Bonds to the Company only as the work pro-
gresses, so that they always represent an actual and pro-
ductive value.
The authorized capital of the Company is $100,000,009,
of which over $6,000,000 have been paid on the work al-
ready done.
EARNINGS OF THE COMPANY,
At present, the profits of the Company are derived only
from its local traffic, but this is already much more than
sufficient to pay the interest on all the Bonds the Company
can issue, if not another mile were built. It is not
doubted that when the road, is completed the through
traffic of the only line connecting the Atlantic and Pacific
States will be large beyond precedent, and, as there will
be no competition, it can always be done at profitable
rates.
It will be noticed that the Union Pacific Railroad is, in
fact, a Government work, built under the supervision of
Government officers, and to a large extent with Govern-
n? ent money, and that its b onds are issued under Govern-
ment direction. It is believed that no similar security is
so carefully guarded, and certainly no other is based upon
a larger or more valuable property. As the Company's
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
*
are offered for the present at 90 CENTS ON THE DOL-
LAR, they are the cheapest security in the market, being
more than 15 per cent, lower than U. S. Stock. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN COLD,
or over NDTE PER CENT^upon the investment, and have
thirty years to run before maturity. Subscriptions will be
received in New York at the Companys Office, No. 20
Nassau street, and by
Continental National Bane, No. 7 Nassau street,
Clark, Dodge & Co, Bankers, 51 Wall street,
John J. Cisco & Son, Bankers, No. 33 Wall street,
and by the Companys advertised Agents throughout the
United States. Remittances should be made in drafts
or other funds par in New York, and the bonds will be
sent free of charge by return express. Parties subscrib-
ing through local agents will look to them for their safe
delivery.
A NEW PAMPHLET AND MAP, showing the Progress
of the Work, Resources for Construction, snd value
Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Office or of its
advertised agents, or will be sent free on application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
New York.
November 23, 1867.


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