Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

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Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO. 15. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1868. single$copRcents.
ClK ftfijlitiM.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,),..
PARKER PILLSBURT, j Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 17).
DISRAELI.
A witty Frenchman paints the. first conserv-
ative as one going about at the dawn of Crea-
tion, exclaiming with eyes and hands uplifted,
My God! my God! conserve the chaos. To
those whose ears are heavy with the wail of
oppression, disease and sorrow of our political,
religious and social lifewho, seeing the moral
chaos around them, propose new measures for
the development of order, harmony and beauty,
the opposition about themto everything hew is
not less absurd than the agony of this pre-Ada-
mite.
Is it not strange that men coming up
from the masses like Disraeli, who have
writhed under the absurd distinctions of
wealth, family and race, who have seen and
felt the Oppression and degradation of the
people, can themselves, in the acme of their
power, rivet anew the very chains whose scars
they bear in their own flesh. Yet such is his-
tory.
Canning a poor boy, whose father was un-
known, and his mother a fifth rate-actress, was
one of the proudest aristocrats in all England.
Though, while a poor editor, he showed by his
sharpness and sarcasm that he felt his place un-
equal to his power, yet, as the most polished
debater and orator in the British Parliament,
and Premier of England, he was a rabid tory
and hostile to the liberal policy of Fox and
Grey.
So, too, with Sir Robert Feel, who also rose
from- the people, his father being a cotton man-
ufacturer. He must have often felt the pulsa-
tions of the great popular heart; yet, as the lea-
der in Parliament and Prime Minister twenty-
five years, he was generally opposed to every
liberal measure.
Lord Brougham, also from the people, though
liberal in early life, grew conservative in later
years. Gladstone is doing thereverse. Like
wine, he is improving with his years, and be-
coming more liberal as time rolls on.
ButDisraeli, whose father was a Jew a lite-
rary hack, though he has some reputation as a,
writer, and has already been in the House of
Commons thirty years, he is a rabid Tory still.
When Sir Robert Peel repealed the corn laws,
he pursued him with bitter animosity. When
he first came into the House of Commons he
was laughed down, but he shook his fist in their
faces and said you shall hear me sometime. He
has fulfilled his pledge. The world hears him
to-day, to his everlasting disgrace be it said, in
support of that rotten Church' establishment
that grinds the oppressed people of Ireland to
powder. e. c. s.
PROSCRIBERS PROSCRIBING.
Pope versus Prelate, Prelate persecuting Pori-
tan, Puritan burning Quaker, and all by the
grace of God, and in defence of The Faith,
such is history. Aud as. in religion, so in the
healing art. Not many years ago Dr. Hahnne-
man made his invincible attack on the old, time-
honored school of allopathic practice in medi-
cine. Since that period, homoeopathy has been
steadily advancing until it has become respect-
able and even popular, while it numbers many
thousands of successful practitioners in many
parts of the world. Michigan University has
just established a professorship devoted to it,
and many hospitals have admitted it as a sys-
tem in the treatment of disease. But in its
power and prosperity, it forgets the days of its
weakness and conflict, and becomes more pro-
scriptive than was the older schools in regard
to it. For they had at least a show of good
reasons for rejecting the infinitesimalities of
Hahnnemau as at war with all reason and com-
mon sense, as well as their own long-tried and
well-approved system of lancets and leeches,
calomel and cantharides, blunting (as they and
their patient public supposed), if not averting
the darts of death, flying thick and fast through
the ages.
But the Massachusetts Homoeopathic Medical
Society had no such weighty reasons. At their
meeting the other day in Boston they offered
up a victim. But the victim was one of them-
selves, older than many of the members, abler
than most of them, with more prestige and
practice and larger fees and fortune than the
average, and scrupulously observant of the rules
and principles pertaining to that system. The
sacrifice was made on other grounds than these.
The victim was a woman. Not even a witch, hut
a woman only. In the time of Henry YIII. the
old doctors charged the healing women (and
there were many who were eminent), with witch-
craft, and they were punished accordingly.
But Massachusetts has done hanging for witch-
craft. Even homceop'jthic doctors cant do that
with women who dare to become distinguished
over the country in their profession. Dr.
Mercy B. Jackson was invited recently to a pro-
fessors chair in the Womans Medical College
in this city, but declined even to read a course
of lectures, such was the extent and imperative
demand of her professional business. And now
the male homoeopaths of Massachusetts refuse to
admit her as a member among them. She is
a woman. Creative wisdom saw that it was
not good for man to be alone. The Boston
and Bay State homoeopathic male doctors aixe
wiser. They shut woman out and go alone.
We will wait a while and see to what purpose.
The meeting last week in Boston was made
lively to even allopathic height by Dr. Jack-
sons application for membership. Her oppon-
ents claimed very religiously that all Scripture
was against her, that the relation of a wife to a
husband was the same as that of the church to
Christ, and that she should not be subject to
the temptations which would arise in the course
of their profession. One of the opponents
argued that it would tend to produce effeminate
men and masculine women, and said that if wo-
men are to engage in medical practice they
should stay by themselves and confine their
practice strictly to their own sex. However,
the end was a success, sure to be followed ere
long by a triumph. After a protracted and ani-
mated discussion, the'question was decided ad-
versely by only two majority, iu a vote ot sixty-
four membfi's.
What the relation of Christ to the church had
to do with the business may have been clearly
shown there, but to this editors imagination
even, it is a mystery. But the whole Romish
church pelted Columbus for years with Bible
arguments against the possibility of a Western
world! It was indeed his deadliest opponent.
Science he could and did combat with superior
science ; but the dragon scales of religious pre-
judice and benighted, sightless superstition,
what human power can ever penetrate?
p. p.
WALL STREET.
Many of our subscribers ask us why we pub-
lish all that nonsense about Wall street, as they
do not see the point in it. We do not suppose
that the honest, unsophisticated children of
men, on the granite hills of New England, or
on the far-off prariries of the west, do see the
point of all this financial trickery and knavery.
But, dear friends, we are simply turning Wall
street inside out, as we intend to do everything
else. Its denizens see the point. They buy up
The Revolution by the hundreds, the mo-
ment it is out. They sit and read it, laugh over
it, swear over it, and wonder at the women of
The Revolution. Sometimes a young green
Jones or Smith invades our sanctum, to inquire
who is the author of these Wall street dinners,
breakfasts and balls, as if our editorial staff were
not themselves capable of filling a little paper of
sixteen pages once a weekas if Mr. Pillsbury,
who writes such wise editorials, could not in a
playful or a solemn moment just do for Wall
street what he has done for the American
church, the bulwark of American slavery, dur-
ing the past thirty years. There is point and
power in every word of The Revolution,
and those who do not see it may rest assured it
is because they are themselves ignorant of the
matter under discussion. If the people of this
nation only knew all the swindling that is done
in these stock-gambling alleys, they wo^ld rise
in their wrath and overthrow the tables of the
money-changers and the seats of them that
sell doves, as their great Master did before
them in the temple of Jerusalem. We know


lUvalutiir#.
22 G
men to-day in insane asylums, wrecked in.body
and mind, their families hulled from prosperity
into poverty, who were happy honest men until
they were drawn down into this whirlpool of de*
lirium and destruction. Wall street is nothing
more or less than a grand gambling saloon on a
large scale. Let The Revolution sharpen
its pen anew and on with the work of turn-
ing everything inside out and upside down,
and let all the green Joneses get themselves
ready to hear the whole truth, for the time has
fully come for Revolution. e. c. s.
THE FENIAN' CAPTAIN MACKAY
Among the Fenians recently tried in Cork,
Ireland, was Captain Wm. Mackay, a young
man whom the court itself acknowledged a
patriot and a Christian gentleman! And yet
he was sentenced to twelve years in penal servi-
tude. The young captain was recently married
to an accomplished and beautiful woman, who
with her friends attended at the trial. Before
sentence was pronounced he was permitted to
speak, and his long address appears to have
been very affecting, moving the whole court
many times to almost immoderate grief. lTi
whole bearing is represented as being through-
out of the loftiest character. The following are
passages of his address :
I do not shrink from my sentence, but accept it readily,
feeling proud and glad that it affords me an opportunity of
proving the sincerity of those soul-elevating principles of
freedom which a good old patriotic father instilled into my
mind from my earliest years, and which I still entertain
with a strong love, whose fervor and intensity are second
only to the sacred homage which I owe to God. If,
having lost that freedom, I am to be deprived of all
those blessingsthose glad and joyous years I should
have spent amongst loving MendsI shall not complain,
1 shall not murmur, but with calm resignation and
obeerful expectation, 1 shall joyfully submit to Gods
blessed will, feeling confident that he will open the
strongly locked and barred doors of British prisons.
Till that glad time arrives, it is consolation and reward
enough for me to know that I have the fervent prayers,
the sympathy, and. loving blessings of Irelands truly
noble and generous people, and far easier, more sooth-
ing, and more comforting to me will it be to go back to
my cheerless cell, than it would be to live in slavish
ease and luxurya witness to the cruel sufferings and
terrible miseries oi this down trodden ^people. Con-
demn me, then, my lord, condemn me to the felons
doom. To-night I will sleep in a prison cell; to-mor-
row I will wear a convicts dress ; but to me it will be a
far nobler garb than the richest dress of slavery.
*******
Shame is only in connection with guilt. It is surely
not a crime to obey Gods law, or to assist our fellow-
men to acquire those God-given rights which no men
no nation can justly deprive them of. If love of freedom
and a desire to extend its unspeakable blessings to all
Gods creatures, irrespective of race, creed or color, be
a crimeif devotion to Ireland, and love of its faithful,
its honest, its hind people, be a crimethen I say I
proudly and gladly acknowledge my guilt. If it is a dis-
grace, all I can say I can glory in such shame and dis-
honor ; and with all respect for the court,' I hold in thor-
ough and utmost contempt the worst punishment that
can be inflicted upon me, so far as it is intended to de-
prive me of this feeling, and degrade me in the eyes of
my fellow-men. Oh no, it is impossible, my lord ; the
freeman's soul can never be dismayed.
*******
Anal, too, would say, God be with you, Irishmen
and woraeu ; God save yon ; God bless Ireland; and
God grant me strength to bear my task for Ireland as be-
comes a man. Farewell 1 (A sound of some females
sobbing was here beard in the gallery. Several ladies in
court, too, yielded to emotion at this point. Perceiving
this, the prisoner continued :)My lord, if I display any
emotion at this moment, I trust It will not be construed
iuto anything resembling a feeling of despair, for no
sulh feeling animates me, I feel, as I have already
said, confidence in God. I feel that I will notbe long in
imprisonment ; therefore I am just as ready to meet my
fete now as I was six weeks ago. I feel confident that
there is a glorious future in store for Ireland, and that,with
a little patience, a little organization, and a full trust in
God on the part of the Irish people, they will be enabled to
obtain it at no distant date.
The prisoner then resumed his seat. -
His Lordship, in passing sentence, spoke with much
feeling, and was several times, towards the conclusion
of his address, so affected as to be obliged to suspend
speaking and yield to his grief.
WASHINGTON.
Judge Foote and His scientific wife escorted
us to the Patent Office, which, like all other de-
partments of government* we are told, is used
for political ends. We did not go there, how-
ever, to lay bare its corruptions and favoritisms,
but merely that we might have it in our power
to refute the assertion of the Rev. Dr. Todd,
trepanned by Gail Hamilton, who in, his recent
attack on his fair countrywomen, said
that there had been no inventors among
our sex. And there we found many witnesses
against the unhappy Todd. Mrs. Eunice Foote
has herself taken out several patents, and is
occupied at this time making a new kind of pa-
per. We were especially pleased to find a wo-
man, Mrs. Adams, in the Agricultural Bureau.
She is said to be a woman of remarkable com-
mon sense and executive ability. Mrs. Foote
remarked to us that she had no doubt that half
the patents there were the inventions of women;
but as men had the money to get up the mod-
els and loved notoriety, they had been taken out
in their names. If the Rev. Todd will take the
trouble to investigate this, matter for himself,
he will no doubt find this to be true.
Professor Wilcox went with us all through the
Bureau of Statistics, and we examined the
mighty books of imports, exports and trans-
ports kept by the women of that bureau. Of
course we talked suffrage to them all, and found
here and there one who saw the connection be-
tween bread and the ballot. It was most amus-
ing to us to hear the men in the different de-
partments praise the remarkable aptness of the
women in fulfilling all the duties of their posi-
tion. They spoke as if women knowing or do-
ing anything well, was quite as much out of
the course of nature as.foradogto churn or
to stand on his hind legs. Their praise was to
us invidious. The patronizing way in which they
said, the girls are really better clerks than
young men, would have been to us most offen-
sive had we not wisely made due allowance for
the natural conceit and self-assumption of all
the sons of Adam. -
Here we met Alexander Delmar, who is at the
head of the Bureau of Statistics. He is a man
of liberal views, debp thought and much scien-
entific information. We had a pleasant conver-
sation on Free Trade and Womans Suffrage, in
which he fully believes. He is the leading
spirit in a Social Science Association to which
women are admitted as members, and before
which he has lately delivered a course of able
lectures. e. c. s.
Workingmens Union.The' Washington
correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial
says of Gen. Cary : People who laugh at the
workingmens movement, underestimate its
strength and extent. It includes in organized
societies six hundred thousand voters, or therea-
bout, scattered throughout the large and small
cities of the Union, and united as one man on
all questions affecting the rights and interests
of labor ; more especially on the greenback
issue. They believe, whether right or wrong
that Gen. Cary is the best representative of
their views, and are making a strong effort to
put him prominently forward in the Presiden-
tial canvass. Some of the Senators are in favor
of running the General as a candidate for Presi-
dent. But one thing is certain, that Cary holds
in the hollow of his hand votes enough to turn
the scale either way in the next Presidential
election. There is scarcely a state in the Union
in which the workingmen do not hold the bal-
ance of power.
WHAT THE PRESS SAYS OF US.

From the Utica Telegraph.
Dont You Do It.Miss Susan B. Anthony, one of
the editresses of The Revolution, declares that
she is going to turn the State, the Cburch and the
Home inside out, and let the people see the utter 'rot-
tenness of our political, religious and social life. For
heavens sake, Susan, dont you do it. We have none
too good an opinion of the world now, and if you show
it up any worse than it already appears, we shall com-
mit suioide. Now dont you do it. But we are afraid
you will. Women have such a penchant for turning
things inside out. One thing is certain, that unless
women can so change their notions as not to he pos-
sessed at certain seasons of the year with that mania
which in housewifery is known as house-cleaning,
they cannot he efficient editors. Now, Miss Anthony,
we are in favor of womans exercising all the faculties
that God. has given her, entirely untrammelled. But if,
when she becomes editor, we must submit period!caiy
to a regular turning inside out, we protest. If you
do it, we shall quit, that is all.
Oh! dont quitwe need just such a bright,
sparkling pen as you carry to help us do the
work. You know how much better your wifes
dress looks after she has turned it inside out,
upside down, and wrong side before. Just so
men and matters will be improved after we show
the people all the abominations, misery, dis-
ease, and crime that result from the narrow
principle of selfishness in every department of
life. Every man for himself and the devil
take the hindmost, has been the motto long
enough. Now we want you, noble Utica, to set
up new polls and telegraph a higher gospel
than this to the brotherhood of man. We want
you to help us drive money-changers, specula-
tors, swindlers, stock-gamblers out of the halls
of legislation, to the jumping-off place down
East, and put philosophers, philanthropists,
saints and sages in their places. We want to
drive humbug, cant, hypcricy from the pulpit,
have an end of all this talk about an aristrocracy
in heavena few only of the great family of
man saved, and the multitude damned eternally!
We cannot take the first step towards regener-
ation until we end all this caste and class idea.
Equality is the essential element of the Gospel
of Jesus. Let science, humanity, love to man
and God, be preached in our pulpits, and throw
to the winds these doctrines of election, fore-
ordination, damnation and eternal writhing in
the bottomless pit. What! punish, torture,
torment the morally weak by direct fiat, be-
cause they ar§ so ? What a rebuke to our re-
ligion, to our crimieal legislation is the solemn
grandeur of that scene in the life of Jesus, when,
dying on the cross, he said to the poor thief by
his side (whom men thought unfit to live),
this day shalt thou be with me in heaven.
If you would have no thieves, liars and mur-
derers in society, drive tyranny and tact, force
and fraud from the home. Guide this mania of
woman for house-cleaning into moral chan-
nels. The depths of these Stygian pools of
vice and crime will never be Btirred until wo-
men like angels of mercy descend there with
healing in their wings, to bring up the weak


f&ft* l*00tnti0tt. - 227
and fallen into a purer atmosphere of life and
light. Rather say, On, Susan, with your work.
Let the weal and woe of humanity he every-
thing to you, their praise and their blame of no
account.
From the Tax Payer.
We have long been wanting to say a few words of com-
mendation for that really brilliant newspaper, which
we are weekly enjoying, The Revolution. Of course
our readers are aware this is the name of the organ of
The Wosojnand well may they feel proud of it.
But with all its beauty, wit, logic, argument and pow-
erand it certainly possesses all these characteristics
we cannot ignore the ugly fact that it was launched on
the suppositious wealth and support of one of the veriest
mountebanks who ever defiled a holy cause. We can-
not forget that when in the dark days of 61, our own
voice was taxed even to hoarseness in denying to their
faces the assertions of Europeans so generally chuckling
over the fancied death-bed of Columbia, this George
Francis Train, with his copperhead sympathies and
buffoonjsh antics, was causing the cheek of every
American abroad to blush with shame that he claimed
to be their countryman. And now to think we have
lived to see him make proteges of such as edit that
journal! Surely such a paper could have been sus-
tained without becoming the beneficiary of such a brag-
gart.
Washington Irving tells us of a Dutchman
who, in order to jump over a high hill, took a
start of three miles. When he arrived at the
foot, he was so exhausted he was obliged to sit
down and rest, and walk over the hill at his
leisure. The Tax-Payer, like the Dutchman,
after thinking and waiting a long time in order
to give The Revolution its due meed of
praise, when at last he got his quill sharpened
for the work, instead of commendation for our
really brilliant newspaper, lo! he rebukes us
for having been born at all, as our eyes could
never have seen the light but for our new cham-
pion, George Francis Train.
Now, we say to you, Mr. Tax-Payer, and all
others that write us in the same strain, that if
the blackest devil from the lowest depths of the
Inferno had come up and said, Here, ladies,
my purse is at your service, use it as you will,
we should have said,. Thankyou, good devil.
While we are free to utter all we think, and to
ourselves be true, we care not who makes it
possible. You are more our friend to-day than
the smoothest saint who bids us wait and bide
our time in silence, until the whole caravan of
manhood of every nation, color, clime have
marched through the weary deserts of inequality
into the royal road of American citizenship.
So important do we feel it to have some medium
through which to uttar our ideas, that we would
affiliate with men less pure and noble than
George Francis Train to accomplish what we
propose. We do not wear our virtue or our
wisdom like a garment that can be rent or
stained by those with whom we work. The
battles of freedom in our late war were not less
bravely fought because the very scum and
dregs of manhood used their pluck and muscle-
in that holy cause. Who stopped Jo ask the
antecedents of the soldier by his side ? So all
to the flag were true, and bravely fought the
common foe, and died for liberty, it mattered
not that some were vile. Freedom was not
less precious to those new made men, because'
the hands that rolled back its golden gates were
stained with blood and crime. Let the 'noble
words and deeds of Mr. Train to-day atone for
errors in the past, if such there be, though we
believe him good and true.
From the Cassopolis Democrat.
The Revolution.This periodical, edited by
Mrs. E. 0. Stanton and Parker Pillsbury, is certainly
one of the most ringing and independent exchanges on
our list. It hits both political parties stinging blows,
and sometimes deserved in the case of the party to
which we belong, we must admit, and always in the
case of our opponents, we think. It is neatly printed,
sixteen pages weekly, and comes out stitched, $2 a year.
To any person who is fond of racy, vigorous writing, and
can afford to run the ris]t of finding himself rapped
smartly over the knuckles in a castigation of some of his
pet theories we can recommend it. Its hobby is
woman suffrage.
Our hobby is human rights. Men
will have an easier time of it when all women
are self-supporting, and a pleasanter time when
the presiding genius of every household is a
strong, healthy, common-sense philosopher.
No complaining of backaches, toothaches,
headaches, or an empty-purse-ache. Far be it
from The Revolution to rap any good man
on the knuckles. We want to heal your
sore knuckles by setting all the women to
work at some profitable labor for themselves,
and thus give the dear men time to smoke
their pipes of peace and read the evening
papers, especially The Revolution. As to
hits at anybody, we only speak the truth.
So all you have to do'to escape our arrows is to
bring yourself into line with law, loving your
neighbor as yourself without regard to party,
color or sex, remembering those in bonds as
bound with them.
From the Dayton (Ohio) Workingmens Appeal.
The Revolution.This able pioneer in the work
of Female Emancipation is published weekly at 37 Dark
Row, New York, by those truly strong-minded
women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony,
and that other noble man, whose name has become fa-
miliar to every household as an opponent to human sla-
veryblack or white (and particularly female)Parker
Pillsbury. We place it with pleasure to our list of ex-
changes ; and take occasion to say to our readers of both
sexes, that The Revolution should be read by
every lover of reform. Revolution is the watchword,
and nothing short of a mighty revolution willredeem the
down-trodden and oppressed from the galling yoke
placed upon them by petty tyrants and political snobs.
We would call the attention of workingmen
to the fact that the cheap labor of woman
cheapens their labor also. Capitalists are using
women and children to-day to prevent strikes
among men. Give woman the ballot, you dig-
nify and exat her, make her labor valuable, and
increase the price of your own. The interests
of all labor are bound up in the dignity of the
laborer. The ballot is what makes the differ-
ence between the Irishman in this country and
in his native land.
From the London Anglo-American Times.
The Revolution is original, and its novelty at-
tracts. Being something new, we cannot refrain from
again referring to the numbers which now pour in
steadily upon us. The merry chime of Train, which
rang before like joy-bells, has subsided into the slow
ding-dong of the minute bell. The Ambassador is quoted,
alluding to The Revolutions sad mistake in ac-
cepting as an ally one of the most notorious mounte-
banks of the day, and in making their paper a
mouthpiece for that buffoon. Instead of accepting
this, the editor unhesitatingly declares that TraiD, who
had worked through nine States of. the Union, who had
helped them to establish tbe paper, was of tar greater
value to them than those who gave advice and did no-
thing, and in t.iiia we fully agree with Mrs. Stanton.
The American Presbyterian says : Miss Anthonys new
paper smacks too strongly of Train oil; adding,
Train, that embodiment and exaggeration of all our
national weaknesses and follies, had better be kept at
rest. Again the editor defends Mr. Train. If, says
The Revolution, Train is the embodiment of all
our national weaknesses and follies, we wonder Victoria
did not put him into the British Museum instead of in
prison ; perhaps she thinks there is method in his mad-
ness. We think that Train embodies far more than
American weaknesses and follies, and we like to see the
lady editor coming lorward so energetically in his de-
fence. His pictures of Ireland have in them the same
dash of truth which can be seen through his wildest
declamation. Mr. John Brights brother, Jacob, has
been elevated by The Revolution to the dignity of
Honorable. Members of the English Parliament are not
termed Honorable except in the courtesy of addressing
each other in the House. If he is a soldier be is termed
the gallant member, if a lawyer the learned,
while ordinary members are termed the honorable ;
but this is confined to the walls of Parliament, and not
used as a prefix to the name outside. E. C. S.s letter
from Washington is always of interest. She writes with-
out the slightest reserve, giving a candid opinion of all
the men she meets there. How they like it is another
question, though it can scarcely tail to amuse the other
readers of The Revolution.
We have little doubt that E. C. S. will have an effect
on Washington. Congressmen will know that theres
a chiel among them taking notesand faith shell
print it; and that what she prints will be read in the
clubs of London as well as in 'the reading-rooms of New
York.
It is only fair to The Revolution, in conclusion,
to'state that Mr. J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington road, Cam-
berwell, is the London agent, who will receive and
transmit names of subscribers.
Yes, we know yon use titles differently
from what we do. Sir, for example, is a
a title that, under this all-men-created-equai
government, belongs alike to all men. With
you it is a title for the few. Moreover, when
we wrote about Jacob Bright, Lily Maxwells
vote had thrown a new halo of glory about the
man, and in our country would have made him
most honorable. We intend to do more than
take notes in Washington. The next thing you
hear we shall be making a speech on the floor
of Congress < s the Honorable Lady from New
York; and it is more than probable that Miss
Anthony, the owner of The Revolution,
will have a place in Benjamin F. Wades Cabi-
net. If a woman may hold office in monarchical
old England, why not in republican America?
We hope Mr. J. Burns (is he related to the great
poet Robert Bums ?) will be kept busy taking the
names of subscribers for The Revolution..
It is destined to be the great paper of the age,
for it is the only one in the country that takes
the ground of universal suffrage in the recon-
struction.
The Superintendent- of Public Instruction
gives the proportion of the average wages al-
lowed to men and women for teaching in
schools in this country since 1860: Maine,
wages of male teachers per month, including
board, $28.30 ; of female teachers, $10.50. New
Hampshire, males, $24.35; females, $14.12.
Vermont, males, $27: females, $11. Massa-
chusetts, males, $54.77 ; females, 21.82. Con-
necticut, males, $28.19, including board; fe-
males, $15.80, including board. Ohio, males,
$36.25 ; females, §21.55. Indiana, males, per
day, $1.38 ; females, per day, $1.07. Illinois,
males, per month, $30; females, $19 ; Wiscon-
sin, males, per month, $36.45 ; females, $22,-
44. Iowa, males, per week, $7.91; females,
$5.70. Kansas, males, per month, $36.74; fe-
males, $24.41. California, males, $74; females,
$62.
Men call each other copperheads, but brazen-
cheek should be one description if the above
figures are set in judgment against them. The
universal testimony of competent persons is
that, other things being equal, women are the
most competent teachers by tar, both as to im-
parting instruction and exercising discipline.
And yet it will be seen that they are paid less
than one-half the wages of men, There would be
uproar at once were there a proposal to tax wo-
men in the same proportion, and to administer
all penalties and inflictions in the same degree.
Robbery is not all committed in the night, nor
on the highway. But how is it that the East is



223
ft*
bo much behind the West in justice and gen-
erosity on this important branch of human
economy ?
FEMININE INFLUmVE OF POSITIVISM.
[Translated for The Revolution from Positive Poli-
tics of Auguste Comte.]
Whatever ascendency the active adhesion of
the working class is destined to procure for the
social influence of the speculative philosopher,
the work of social regeneration requires yet a
third element, indicated by the true theory of
human nature and confirmed by the historical
appreciation of the modem revolutionary crisis.
Our moral constitution is composed not only
of reason and activity, represented by philoso-
phers and the working classes ; it is also char-
acterized by affection as its preponderating prin-
ciple. Now this supreme motive power of hu-
man thought and activity is represehted by wo-
man, just as thought or intellect is represented
by the speculative class, and [activity by the
working class. The social sentiment will doubt-
less control these two classes in their general
course ; but a more efficacious, more constant
and more spontaneous, pure, and intimate in-
spiration is necessary to shape their final deter-
mination. The rationalism of the philosopher
emasculates jiis energies, and popular senti-
ment is defective in perseverance and purify.
The feminine element alone secures spontane-
ously the subordination of the reason, of activity
to universal love, so as to prevent the visionary
dreams of the former and the perturbations of
the latter. Hence, to complete the modern re-
novation of our social system, to which woman
has been hitherto considered as a stranger, it is
necessary to incorporate her; not as a favor, but
as an indispensable means and inevitable duty,
necessary to social reorganization.
In regard to the most important attribute of
the human species, the tendency to subordinate
personality to sociability, the female is certainly
superior to the male sex. Independently of her
material destiny, this moral attribute entitles
woman to the tender veneration of man,. as the
purest and most elevated type of humanity,
which no emblem can entirely represent under
a masculine form. But this natural pre-emi-
nence can never procure the social ascendency
which has been dreamed of, without the gene-
ral concurrence of the loving sex. For their su-
periority as to the real aim and object of human
existence is combined with an inferiority, no less
certain, as to the-means of attaining it. Ac-
cording to the ordinary law of the animal
kingdom, man evidently surpasses woman in
force and strength not only of body and mind,
but of character, and practical life is ruled by
force, and not by affection, because it requires
the constant exercise of painful activity. If it
were only necessary to love, without material
necessities, as in the Christian Utopia of a fu-
ture life, woman would reign supreme. But the
struggle against the rigors of ora destiny de-
mands thought and action. All great undertak-
ings require energy and talent for success,
more than zeal, and hence must command,
although inferior in morality Such is the
natural defect of general harmony between
the three parts of our moral constitution,
which condemns woman to modify by af-
fection the spontaneous reign- of masculine
force. The just instincts of their affective su-
periority, ordinarily inspire the desire of do-
minion, too often attributed to selfish propensi-
ties by superficial critics. But invariable expe-
rience demonstrates that, in a world where the
essentials of existence are scarce and difficult to
be obtained, empire naturally and necessarily
belongs to the most powerfal agencies, and not
to the most loving and most worthy. This con-
tinued conflict amounts only to a permanent
modification of masculine preponderance, and
man submits from a secret conviction of the
natural supremacy of woman in regard to the
principal attribute of humanity, uninfluenced by
sensual considerations.
He feels that his power results from the exi-
gencies of our situation, imposing upon him la-
borious operations, requiring the exercise of the
selfish rather^than the social instincts of our na-
ture. Thus, in all human organizations, public
life belongs to man and domestic life to wo-
man, and the progress of civilization develops
more and more this natural diversity.
Heuoe results the fundamental similarity of
condition in social life between women and the
philosophic and the laboring classes, all these
constituting the indisputable elements of a
moderating and regulating power, operating
upon the temporal or political power, as a moral
or spiritual force.
In regard to the philosophers, the analogy
consists in that the same fatality which prevents
feminine supremacy by virtue of affective supe-
riority, deprives still more the thinking class of
dominion which they consider due to their in-
tellectual pre-eminence. If our material wants
were more easily satisfied, practical power would
not overrule intellectual power, and the femi-
nine element would govern both spontaneously.
Although doctoral pride is less resigned than fe-
male vanity, the empire of the world belongs
less to the philosophers than to woman. Not-
withstanding its pretensions, intellectual force
is not more normal than material force. Both
are but means, whose morality depends upon
their employment. The only real moral element
of human nature is love, tending directly to ele-
vate the social above the selfish instincts. If,
therefore, love cannot govern, by what title can
mind assert its sovereignty ? Practical suprem-
acy belongs to activity. The function of reason,
like that of love, is to modify real life, and is
equally excluded from command by the nature
of thingstheir combination with the popular
element contributes the moral power of society
producing activity, stimulated by affection
and guided by intellect, the beau ideal of hu-.
inanity.
Purely affective in its origin, the moderating
force becomes rational, when joined by the
philosophers, and active by the accession of the
working classes, all three equally impotent in
apolitical point of view, so far as direct inter-
ference in government is concerned. Force,
which, strictly speaking, governs conduct with-
out subduing the will, emanates from two sour-
ces, entirely distinct, viz : Numbers and Riches.
The first element, although considered more ma-
terial than'the second, is in reality more moral,
because resulting from association, it presup-
poses a certain degree of convergence of feeling
and thought, less compatible with the prepon-
derance of selfishness than the immediate power
of riches. But it finds itself excluded from po-
litical government and reduced to mere moral
influence, in consequence of the material neces-
sity which imposes a similar social situation
upon the philosopher and upon woman. The
fundamental preponderance of corporal wants,
procures an immediate ascendancy for the rich,
because they have the means of satisfying those
wants. For the rich are the natural deposito-
ries of materials produced by each generation
for their existence and for the assistance of the
succeeding generation.
Thus each one of this class concentrates a
practical power which overcomes the multi-
tude, except in extraordinary cases. The natu-
ral influence of this social law far from being
diminished by the progress of civilization, neces-
sarily increases with the concentration and ac-
cumulation of capital multiplying the power of
the rich over the means of subsistence of the
destitute, and in this aspect it will forever re-
main true that the many are born for the
few. Paucis nascitur humanvm genus. Such
is the theory of the moral force destined to
modify the spontaneous reign of material force,
by the necessary concurrence of the three so-
cial elements, remaining exterior to the politi-
cal power, properly so called. From this fun-
damental combination results our principal
means of solving the great human problem, the
habitual preponderance of the social over the
selfish instincts of mankind.
Each of these three natural elements of this
moderating power procures for it indisputable
qualities. Without the firsts, it would lack purity
and stimulus ; without the second, constancy
and wisdom; without the last, energy and ac-
tivity.
This theory offers a noble career, public and
private, for the exercise and display of the fem-
inine element in entire conformity with its
real nature. In the bosom of her family woman
participates with the philosopher and the ac-
tive class in the moderating power, renouncing
all pretension to political or even domestic su-
premacy. As the Priestess of Humanity her
office consists in cultivating and developing the
effective principle of human unity, of which
she is the purest personification. In this char-
acter her public influence extends to all classes,
subjecting reason and activity to affection.
Philosophy will often refresh itself at this pure
fountain of sociability and forget to argue
while learning how to feel.
As to the active class, this feminine influence
is destined especially to combat their sponta-
neous tendency to abuse their characteristic
energy, in order to obtain by violence what
should flow from assent. Difficult as this mis-
sion is, woman will find it an easier task than
that of rectifying the abuse of their reasoning
powers by the philosophers, owing to the in-
capacity of our psychologists and ideologists
for any real meditation, and because, moreover,
a sophism is a more serious obstacle than a pas-
sion to feminine influence, which constitutes
our principal safeguard against the immense
social disturbances resulting from existing in-
tellectual anarchy. Although the head may
fail to rectify subversive sophism, the heart
preserves us from the disorder which it pro-
vokes, tending to dissolve or paralyze society
for whose peace we are indebted to the influ-
ence of women over popular good feeling and
good sense, far more than to the rhetoric of
our Doctors, whose absurd arguments often
justify the errors they attack.
Thus the influence of women upon public
life is not merely a passive consecration of gen-
eral opinion, 'formulated by the philosopher
and proclaimed by the people. Besides this
continued participation, individual or collec-
tive, they will exert an active moral interven-
tion, inculcating everywhere and always the
fundamental principle of benevolence, of
peace on earth and good will among men, of
which they are the best spontaneous organs and


229
to* §Uv0lttti0tt*
the primary sourcealways reconciling this
public function with the necessary condition of
an existence essentially domestic.
The civilization of Western Europe has long
since found a solution of this apparent contra-
diction, deemed insoluble by the ancients, and
solved nowhere else. When the manners and
customs of the middle ages had secured for wo-
man a legitimate interior freedom, there arose
spontaneously a happy system of voluntary re-
unions, over which woman presided, and in
which public life and private life were intimate-
ly blended and combined. Developed more es-
pecially in Prance during the modem transition
from the feudal social system^to the regime des-
tined to replace it, these periodical laborato-
ries of spontaneous opinion appear in our day
closed or perverted, on account of our mental
and moral anarchy, which forbids all tree habit-
ual interchange of thought and sentiment.
But a usage so social in its nature, which mate-
rially aided the philosophical movement whence
resulted the grand revolution of modern times,
is not destined to disappear, but will revive
the education of the heart by developing the
purest and liveliest of human sympathies.
Doubtless the conjugal sentiment emanates
primarily, particularly in the man, from the
sexual instinct, purely egotistical, without
which mutual affection would lack energy. But
the more loving nature of woman has, in gen-
eral, much less need of this stimulusand her
superior purity reacts happily in elevating mas-
culine passion. Tenderness is m itself so
agreeable, that when once excited, by whatever
impulse, it tends to persist by its inherent
charms after the cessation of the initial stimu-
lation.. Then conjugal union becomes the best
type of true friendship, embellished by mutual
possessionfor friendship cannot be complete
except between opposite sexes, exempt from ac-
tual and all possible antagonisms and rivalries.
No other voluntary connection admits of such
entire confidence and abandon. Hence it is the
only source of complete human felicity which
consists in living for one another.
(lo be Continued.)
under a more extensive and decisive form as
the rallying point of all minds and all hearts
enlightened by a demonstrated religion and a
positive faith. Such is the only natural mode
adapted to the public exercise of feminine in-
fluence in which it presides with dignity over
philosophers and the working classes.
A. gross appreciation, brutally expressed by
Napoleon I, to Madame De Stael, indicates to
woman no other necessary vocation than her
animality, excluding her from even the educa-
tion of her children, whom some of our Uto-
pian dreamers would abandon to the abstract
solicitude of the State.
The positive theory of marriage, and of the
family consists especially in rendering woman
independent of all propagating. functions,
founding her principal office directly upon the
most eminent attributes of our nature. Not-
withstanding the moral importance of materni-
ty, public instinct regards woman as essentially
characterized by her vocation of wife. Not
only is marriage often sterile, but, moreover, an
unworthy wife is scarcely ever a good mother.
In every respect, it is as simple companion of
man that positivism particularly honors woman,
irrespective of maternal functions.
Thus conceived, marriage constitutes the
most elementary and the most perfect degree
of social life which can be developed to matu-
rity in no other way. In this union, the excel-
lence of which is conceded by every human
language, the noblest end of human life is at-
tained. Positivism represents our existence as
devoted to universal perfectionment, and ele-
vates to the highest rank moral perfectionment,
characterized by the subordination of the indi-
vidual to the social life. The natoial differen-
ces of the sexes, happily completed by their so-
cial diversities, renders each one of them indis-
pensable to the moral perfectionment of the
other. In man we evidently see predominating
the qualities adapted to active life, from which
the speculative aptitude is inseparable. On the
contrary, we observe whman devoted to the ef-
fective emotionssuperior in tenderness and pu-
rity, as man in force. No intimacy is compara-
ble to that of two beings thus disposed mutu-
ally to serve and improve each other without ri-
valry or conflict. The voluntary source of
their union fortifies it by a peculiar attraction
when the choice is happily made and freely ac-
cepted. The principal destination of mar-
riage is, therefore, to complete and consolidate
COMMUNICATIONS.
SOCIETY.
The maimers, the habits, the social etiquette, the in-
fluences of fashion, of erroneous popular opinions, in
some instances the want of any at all, the vicious ten-
dencies arising from the absence of -a proper standard of
moral principles, and the inveterate rules which regu-
late their standing towards each other and the opposite
sex, do operate most injuriously to the assertion and ad-
vancement of the principles comprehended in the estab-
lishment of the rights of women. When women encounter
each other in public or in private, they too frequently
meet, not as friends ; but, if acquaintances, as rivals, if
strangers, as enemies. The first glance is to scan the
sleeve, before it grasps the hand, to criticise, or con-
demn, to envy or admire the dress, or style, or grace
that makes or mars. Like unto like and both embrace.
Yet youth and beauty, if poorly and modestly attired, is
shunned, and the robes of tbe wealthy are drawn inside
as if dreading banefnl contact. Not so towards point
lace, powdered hair, and costly jewels.
The regulations of society in America are opposed to
the rights of women. Primarily is this exemplified in
the course and system of female education. That which
renders the individual ineligible must impede the pro-
gress of the whole community in realizing a common
benefit. Does the fashionable mode of female education
qualify a young lady for the assertion of her rights as a
woman ? If that question were addressed to her at the
threshold of her father upon her final return from
school, convent, or seminary, diploma in hand, what
could she say ? What would he her response ? blushing
silence 1 The lovely creature has a cunning conscious-
ness of the mysteries of halls, masquerades, operas and
heauxs; and in this she is most commendably right,
hut for not having been taught a little more as to her
political rights, the system of instruction is condemna-
torily wrong. How Ions are we to move on in the old,
beaten, weary, stale, flat and unprofitable track,
dragging our chains, making no progress, hut in the
wrong way, for not to progress is to retrograde.
It is a lamentable fact, that learned and intellectual
women are often viewed by their sex in a light of envy
or ridicule; hence it has been truly said, a woman has ,
need of extraordinary gentleness and modesty to he for-
given for possessing superior abilities and learning. If
in addition to these offences, she is guilty of good looks
her case is unpardonable. Woman, beware of woman,
said Middleton. The derisive term of blue stocking is a
general epithet applied to women of scholastic attain-
ments. Women seem too contented with the evanescent
successes in society. There is no aspiration more com-
mendable than the kiss and the smile ofhome, but there
is no authority for saying that the pursuit and posses-
sion of learning would endanger domestic happiness ;
while, on the other hand, the pursuit of f ashion and the
attachment to vanities, not only endanger hat is incom-
patible with its existence. Learned women in ancient
times were sought and admired by the best of their con-
temporaries. Aepasia was courted by Pericle3 and Al-
cibiadee. Socrates and his companions found pleasure in
her society. Phidias drew from her face the loveli-
ness and beauty that enlivened his canvass.
Around Sappho the maids of Lesbos gathered, charmed
into admiration by her song, excited to sympathy by
her sorrows, andfascinated by her smiles. In modern
times, women renowned for their abilities were the
queens of society. Witness the names of Lady Mary
Montagu and Lady Hervey, Madames De Sevigne, Main-
tenon and Du Deffand, De Stael and Eecamier. In the
great city of this republic why are not female societies
ormed under the direction of some woman of noted
genius for the cultivation and enjoyment of literary
tastes and refinements ? Why have we not a Hotel de
Eambouillet ? A Florentine lady of the same name was
the foundress of this establishment. Here were attract-
ed philosophers, scholars, poets, and lovers of literature.
Here women met to assist each other in the cultivation
of their minds and in acquiring polished and graceful
manners, whilst scandal constituted no part 01 their
entertainment. From these meetings is said to have
sprung the French Academy.
The Queen of Great Britain has lately been pleased
to set an example in literature, that stands out in
significant contrast to that of the frivolities of the
Castilian at St. Cloud.
_ It is the first duty of women to deport themselves in
such a manner in the assertion of their rights as will se-
cure the respectful recognition from the common ene-
mies of our pretensions, and to escape that obloquy
which too frequently and most unjustly (but always
from ignorance and prejudice) obtains against the at-
tempted dissemination of new ideas. We must expect,
however with others who have been the first to assert'
new principles, like Franklin with his Iightening-rod,
Watt with his steam in a tea-pot, Fulton with his steam-
boat, and many others, to pass through a probationary
period of ridicule and incredulity. If we are bold, reso-
lute, constant, united, and vigilant, our rights must be
recognized. Let us by discipline and indefatigable as-
siduity render ourselves sufficiently formidable as a
power to be useful as allies; and our emancipation will
ultimately follow as a political, civil and moral necessity.
At present our cause is exposed to the sneers and con-
tumely of the unthinking, the scurrility of the garru-
lous who cannot think, and to the almost discouraging
silence of great and noble minds. Some of these ene-
mies have the temerity to say that they do not believe in
Womans Suffrage. Fortunately our cause does_ not de-
pend for its success or its defeat upon opinions formed
or views expressed by senators, by accident of unknown
antecedents and certain insignificance of future.
Psyche,
WHAT THEY SAY OF US.
EXTRACT OP A PRIVATE LETTER FROM WASHINGTON.
Editors of the Revolution:
We are enlisting an unexpected amount of local sup-
port for suffrage in the District. I sent you some days
ago a copperhead newspaper that contained a startling
Womans Bights letter, which I hope you will reprint.
Its author is unknown, hut it made a decided sensation
in Congress. As tor the republican party taking the
matter up, it is idle to dream of it. That party was or-
ganized duriug the war to resist the slaveholders' con-
spiracy against democratic republfcan government. It
has never taken a step which was not designed for this
end, nor done so until all previous efforts had plainly
failed. The reconstruction at which it aims is not that
at which we aim. It simply aims at political organiza-
tion of government in such a way that conspiracy, which
still exists, shall he drowned forever in a million of negro
votes. The practical difficulties in the way of even this
small measure of justice are so great, with the negro
still disfranchished in nearly every Northern State, that
the efforts of the party and of its individual members
must needs concentrate on tbe firm establishment of
this, the needful precedent and guarantee of farther
conquests for freedom. Our work is higher. The re-
construction for which we labor is universal freedom
a social as well as a political reconstructionunder 6uch
forms as universal suffrage, free trade, minority re-
presentation, and decentralization. But so long as tbe
liberty which already exists is threatened by a gigantic
conspiracy, advanced measures cannot become prac-
tical questions. Our function is to mould the public
sentiment which controls the votes, and which it
is tbe business of the politician to cany into ac-
tion. I, for one, shall always advocate reform with-
out regard to part; lines, and when they become party
questions, shall feel disposed to transfer their farther
management and advocacy to that order of intelligences
which is accustomed to and familjar with practical de-


232

Clic linuiliitiiin.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)^.,.^
PARKER PIliliSBURY, J ^ailors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, APRIL 16, 1868. '
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND SUB-
SCRIBERS.
We ask our numerous readers to help us roll
up our list of subscribers until we reach the
above number. Nothing short of this ensures
our complete success. We are still sending out
specimen copies iu every direction, and we
ask our readers to send us lists of names
of liberal people who would be likely to ap-
preciate our demands for woman. As we are
the organ of the National Party of New America
we are in haste to have our telegraphic poles
set and wires strung all through the land, that
we may speak from Maine to California when
the campaign opens. s. b. a.
EDUCATED SUFFRAGE.
The question of Educated Suffrage has been
raised in The Revolution by two or three
recent contributors. Some occupations, it is
generally believed, require no previous training.
One is agriculture. Merchants, mechanics,
ministers, lawyers, doctors, schoolmasters, and
many others, are often leaving, or proposing to
leave present business to take to farming. And
almost everybody presumes that everybody is
competent to conduct a farm, however he may
have failed in other callings.
So in government, especially in this govern-
ment. Every white male native-born citizen is
presumed to have been sanctified to politics and
the ballot from his birth. Custom has set
twenty-one years as the required time to grow
up to political manhood. Given a white skin,
male sex, native birth, and twenty-one years, and
you have a full-blown legal voter and American
citizen. All of which might be well, provided
government involved no more serious interests
than most men seem to suppose. Were it but
a continuation of the sports of childhood, or the
games of riper yearsbase ball, billiards, or
tournament, good muscle and a little sharp
wit, would suffice. No reading, no writing, no
arithmetic, no moral or spiritual culture would
be indispensible, hardly important.
But who that has well considered the interests
involved in governing a great nation can lightly
estimate the ballot, the symbol of all power,
around which cluster the person, proparty,
liberty, life of millions. In casting a vote at
the polls, authority is assumed over all these
momentous interests, as well to the rich as the
poor; the high, the low, the young, the old, of
women and children as well as men. The ballot
i6 protection, but is also power. It is a power
whose end may be death on battle-field, in
prison, or by the halter. The ballot is the
paper currency of which the bullet is the specie
redemption ; and so it is a savor of death unto
death, as well as of life unto life!
Some men refuse to sit on juries where cases
are to be tried involving the death penalty.
Robespierre, in his young life, was one of them.
How can such vote in a government based on
military power alone ? Quakers, or Friends, re-
fused at first to recognise the right of such gov-
ernments to be. The faithful of the sect do still.
How, then, can they vote for Presidents and
governors to be commanders-in-chief of the
army and navy of the nation? Some other
sects hold similar sentiments; but these allu-
sions are only for illustration, not as against
the consistency or conduct of the classes
named, hut to show more clearly what is in-
volved in voting, in citizenship, and in govern-
ing.
Undoubtedly the first qualification of a gov-
ernor of others, in order to be successful, is a
capacity for self-government. Even the horse-
trainers and teachers have learned that. If
parents and school-teachers have not well learn-
ed it, also, either by observation or experience,
they are not fit to exercise authority. In rulers
of nations the necessity is surely not less im-
portant. It needed no special inspiration to
say, he that ruleth his own spirit is greater
than he that taketh a city, or conquers a world
might he added thereto. What has he who
cannot govern himself to do with authority and
power over others ? Who that is a slave to his
own passions and lusts should be permitted to
make laws for a nation? The appeal from
Phillip drunk to Phillip sober might have
mended that particular decision. But a nation
is in sad extremities when it voluntarily sets
such Phillips over it.
The whig party perished of mental and moral
inanition. It died of little Presidents. In
1840, with plenty of Websters, Clays, MLeans
and Everetts in its ranks, it nominated for the
Presidency an obscure citizen who had won a
little martial fame in his expeditions against
the frontier Indians. It was said, perhaps
truly, that he lived in a log cabin, subsisted
largely by hunting raccoon and other game, and
loved hard cider. So the Presidential can-
vas was conducted under a blazonry of emblem
significant of backwoods life. Log cabins were
mounted on wheels, and drawn by sixty oxen
from town to town, like cars of Juggernaut, fol-
lowed by hundreds and thousands to their
noisy, barbaric conventions. In the cabins
would be caged raccoons, or dead skins stuffed,
with barrels of hard cider (not always only
cider) to be dispensed to the devotees in bac-
chanal sacraments ; doggerel songs appropriate
to the idolatry mingled argely with the wor-
ship. The party priests and brahmans har-
angued the multitudes in fit discourse, the
burden and final appeal being, These be thy
gods, O whig party! and the people an-
swered, Amen and amen, bowing to a
coon instead of a calf; and General Harri-
son was made President, as a Western editor
phrased it, by spontaneous combustion.
Never before was such a spectacle presented
by any government to the civilized world. The
history of that campaign is a scandal to man-
kind. The whole scene was an insulting bur-
lesque on the very name of government. The
appeals and arguments were such as educated,
enlightened citizenship would have spewed out
of its mouth. But for the terrible financial
crisis which immediately preceded itbrought
designedly about, as was believed, by an unholy
combination of the moneyed whigs, manu-
facturers and othersthe scheme would have
failed in its inception, as it did most inglo-
riously in its final results.
As, indeed, might have been expected, and
as was confidently predicted. When the Roman
emperorship could be sold at auction in the
market-place, and a profligate, debauched em-
peror could in mockery make his horse first
consul of the realm, and compel his vassals to
honor his image in a shapeless stone, as they
did himself, it was easy to see thatruinor Revo-
lution was nigh atj hand. A similar fatuity, or
worse, carried the whig party down forever. It
did, indeed, redly once more, but it was only
to sink in deeper dishonor. It cursed the an-
nexation of Texas, threatening to dissolve the
Union should it be done. It blasted the Mex-
ican war with the breath of its nostrils till it
saw it succeed, and then from its blood and car-
nage it distilled a presidential candidate, and
under General Zachary Taylor it rose once
more to place, but not to power, and that was
its end.
But who would soar the solar height,
To set iu such a starless night V*
In all this history, as seems to us, is argu-
ment for Educated Suffrage. By emancipation
and emigration we are swelling the lists of legal
voters in myriads; and if thirty years ago such
havoc could be made of national decency, virtue,
honor, honesty and prosperity, what should
we not expect and provide for now! Thirty
years ago it was our glory that not a senator
could be bought or bribed in the national capi-
tal, and only one or two representatives; and
they, we used to be told, were despised by those
who purchased them, more than by any others,
because they knew < them best. But to-day the
nation is trembling over the tidings that even
the Supreme Bench may defile its ermine, if,
indeed, its price have not been already paid!
And as for Congress and the party leadership
generally, what may not be expected of them,
judging them by the present ? It has long been
seen that party leaders are capable of anything
but good ; and for the sake of success they have
sometimes proffered and attempted some good.
The democratic party lightened the burdens of
the black man in New York and Ohio. It
was done not from justice but policy, as re-
publicanism is now badgering the Southern
States into colored suffrage wholly by fraud,
force and arms, and the colored people of the
North as unrighteously out of it, by trampling
down their own interpretation of the Declara-
tion of Independence, and voting against it
every time.
The natural right of suffrage is consistent
with a limited and appropriate time for com-
mencing its exercise. Common custom and
consent have fixed the age for male citizens at
twenty-one years. Learning to read and to
write (a duty as well as right), requires but a
small portion of that time. Natural right to
liberty is consistent also with all reasonable
restraints to keep the citizen from harming him-
self through insanity, or others through crime.
And society must have the right to protect it-
self as well from harm through ignorance as
insanity or crime ; and while it places educa-
tion freely within reach of all, it should be ac-
counted crime to neglect its advantages.
Jeremy Bentham held that no male adults
should be excluded from voting except such as
are unable to read. Mr. Adam held the same,
and called, it the knowledge qualification.
Bentham said it was virtually universal (male)
suffrage, because it excluded no one who chose
to take the trouble to learn to read ; and it may
fairly be estimated that those who will not
make this exertion are as unfit to exercise the
right to advantage, as they are careless of its
possession. Of womans right of suffrage he


seems not to have doubted, but said the preju-
dice then existing against it was reason for de-
ferring its discussion.
Unless human governments are in themselves
usurpations against the moral government of
the universe, instead of an inevitable need of
the race, they are, when rightly viewed, as
. sacred as the soul ; as holy as religion worship-
ping before the eternal throne. None should
approach its altar with the ballotsymbol of all
but omnipotent authority, with profane step.
For he comes not only as citizen hut as sove-
reign, armed with power of-life arid death.
An English queen signed a death warrant
with averted fact*. Her eye would not look on
the deed of her hand. A vote is death-warrant
to guilt as well as shield of innocence. Voting
creates the government. A patchwork of ballots
made the recent war. It was the work of legal
voters, and cost rivers of blood and half a mil-
lion human lives. Slavery, too, with its wail-
ings, wild as the cheer of unblest ghosts, was
the work of government. Every legal voter was
there swelling the dread oratorio of woe till it
shook down the heavens in righteous, avenging
wrath.
. Whatever demagogues may do or teach
whatever pulpits may inculcate, or the people
believe, there can be no responsibility more
sacred, more solemn, than is involved in gov-
erning-beginning with the ballot. And yet it
would seem that here more than anywhere,
Fools madly rusli where angels fear to tread.
P. P.
A TRVE MISSIONARY WOMAN.
The efforts of the Church to evangelize the
heathen have cost millions upon millions of
money, but without producing any correspond-
ing results. It is, therefore, matter of congrat-
ulation that other equally sincere, and, it is to
be hoped, more effective measures to that end,
are hereafter to be adopted. Miss Mary Car-
penter, of Bristol, England, daughter of the well-
remembered Rev. Dr. Carpenter, of that city,
and sister of the celebrated Dr. Wm. Carpenter,
of London, is a self-ordained missionary lately
in the department of India. She was long well
known in England as a co-worker with Lady
Byron in the institution, and support of ragged
schools and other methods of ameliorating and
elevating the condition of the poorthe poorest
of the poor. With health and constitution of
the most slender and delicate cast, she has yet,
through earnest devotion to her truly noble and
divinely-appointed work, achieved what few even
of the well and the strong, men or women, ever
do in a lifetime. Had she lived in the apostolic
period, she would have been of those of whom
Paul said, Help those women ys ho labored
with us in the Gospel.
Miss Carpenter has been lately travelling in
British India, and has published a most valua-
ble work giving an account of her observations
and experiences. The Supreme Government,
as well as the Lords of the Presidency, showed
a lively sympathy with her work, which was
mainly to raise the condition of the native wo-
men. The natives manifested a confidence in
her which Europeans rarely obtain, and the re-
sult is she saw much which does not usually
come under the notice of travellers. The Eng-
lish papers say Miss Carpenters Six Months
in India should be read by all who are inter-
rested in foreign missionsthe more so because
they will meet the criticisms which members of
the popular sects never seem at liberty to make.
S1U §Utf0tuti0tf.
233
It is doubtful whether the books have yet come
to America. At least, we have not seen them.
The New York Evening Mail is the bright
particular star of the evening city press. It is
not so large as the Post or the Commercial. -Nor
is Yenus so large as the motm, but in brilliancy
and beauty it need not be ashamed in her
presence. The Mail sees more clearly than its
larger contemporaries, and sheds a clearer light;
albeit the Post is by no means in total eclipse.
The Mail says plainly the womens voting agi-
tators have made a good movement in starting
a petition for suffrage in the District of Co-
lumbia. It is there, of all places in the coun-
try, that a first success would be'of most value
to their cause. Kansas is better than no start
at all; but if our Congressmen become accus-
tomed to regarding women as fellow-citizens
during the few months they spend at Washing-
ton, they may soon lose that excessive horror
of the female vote which seems to be a .consti-
tutional ingredient of mans nature.
The Mail thinks we better have Womans
Suffrage by way of experiment, for it is so evi-
dent that the times are tending to Female Suf-
frage that the wiser opponents of the measure
will be glad to seek protection in an experi-
ment. If the first experiment be made in a
state, let it be remembered, it cannot be re-
called. Let us have the capital as a horrible
example.
The Texas Vindicator thinks the Liberal
ChHsiian rather unduly elevates its liberal ol-
factories at George Francis Train, and advises
Mrs. Stanton and Miss Anthony to dissolve the
union as one not fit to be made. Could the no-
ble women get a substitute, asks the Vindicator ?
Will our Liberal hero fill the vacancy ? Fisher-
men and Galileans revolutionized the world.
The weaker the vessel the greater the work of
God. Women, take any fanatic you can pick
up, and with God and the truth you can revolu-
tionize the world. .And the same outspoken
paper asks farther if God has indeed delegated to
manto breechesthe exclusive right to use
and to rule woman? And the answer given is,
No; by the eternal; no! and this will never be
a Republic in the true sense of the term until
woman has her right fully accorded to her. We
say libertythe right to protect ones self
ones familyproperty is not dependent on sex
or color. It is an inherent, inalienable right
which attaches to every human being!
Cannibalism in Algeria.The famine in Al-
geria is horrible. Cannibalism has grown a ne-
cessity. No wonder the Adventists and Mil-
- lenarians predict the end of the world from such
signs as such a famine. The dead do not get
buried, so numerous are the bodies. But many
are killed aud eaten. One shocking case is re-
ported. A mother killed her daughter of twelve
and fed the body to her younger children! All
the past year m some parts of Europe, the ex-
tremity has been almost as great. In some
parts of our own country it is not much less.
The Freedmans Bureau may be a burden, but
it helps to ward off a deadly curse. Still, it is
only a temporary remedy, and its virtue and
power will not much longer avail.
Miss Burdett Coutts.The late Duchess of
St Albans, it is said, left Miss Burdett Coutts
the regal 6um of £1,800,000, or some nine mil-
lion dollars. The weight in gold, reckoning
sixty sovereigns to the pound, is thirteen
tons, seven cwt., three qrs., twelve lbs., and
would require one hundred and sixty men to
carry it, each carrying two hundred pounds.
In New York those men, if white, though pen-
nyless and ignorant of their mother tongue and
fathers name, would have two hundred votes.
But how many votes could the owner herself
cast ? Four hundred men could not carry her
whole fortune, were it in bags of gold ; and
though she has besides a mental and moral
wealth, worth infinitely more, all would not
give her a right to vote in this democrotic gov-
ernment on the disposal of a dollar.
TRAINS POSSESSIONS.
Worth less tlian so much blank paper is the ver-
dict of the Dublin Court upon the possessions of our
friend Train in this country. The Dublin Court would
probably be astonished to know that a small fraction of
one comer oi Trains magnificent tract in this city
would bring enough pounds sterling to pay at least two
such items as that, for want of payment of which he re-
joices in his residence in a Dublin jail, saying nothing
about Columbus, etc.Omaha Herald,
Let the public set their hearts at rest on one
point, that Train is a man of immense wealth.
* Why, then, does he not come out of prision ?
First, He has too much principle to pay the
same debt twice. Second, His presest position
gives him an excuse for remaining in England
when every one wishes him out of it. He re-
gards his prison as a kind of missionary station
from which he preaches daily to the heathen of
that unhappy land, through a paper he issues
every morning. He is doing more to upheave
the foundations of tyranny in every form than
any other living man. His sympathies are all
with the laboring, oppressed classes, both black
and white.
The New York Tribune, of Friday, April ID, 1868,
says : Catharine Robertson, a married woman, whose
husband is employed at Cold Spring, was arrested yes-
terday afternoon at St. Alphonsus Church, in Thomp-
son street, for having manifested too much emotion on
the sudden death of her child from starvation. She was
taken before Capt. Mills of the Eighth Precinct, who
ordered her to he locked up for the night in an adjoin-
ing police station. She refused to be separated from her
dead child, and kept it with her in her cell.
Woman must look to man for care and pro-
tection, He is the judge of the proper degree
of emotion the agonized mother may manifest
for a starving, dying child. Oh! Christian
women of New York, with all your church spires
pointing to the heavens, think of a midnight
scene like this in a lonely cell, and say, is it not
time for a social regeneration? Do we not need
a company of police of noble women uni-
formed and paid by the state, to secure to the
unhappy and unfortunate of our own sex com-
fort and protection ? We protssi against the
dynasty of force.
The question of woman and her rigths has
taken a hold on the public mind of both hem-
ispheres unknown before in the history of the
race. And Mrs. Willards Sexology as the
philosophy of life, of all life, so ably treated,
is intensifying the conviction that woman has
not yet come to her place in the scale of being.
It is most gratifying to observe how favorably
the work is considered by the press in its va-
rious departments. A few learned pundits in
science profess to regard it as an absurdity, so
far as it steps out of the old corduroy bridle
paths of the past, and as a superfluity when it
is not strictly original. They would probably


234
say : What is new in it is not true, and what
is true in it is not new. But we have not yet
seen any attempt to specify its absurdities and
still less to refute them. Literature, science,
government, religion have yet much to learn,
and humility becomes them all.
Signs of Proguess.A Massachusetts paper
says at a recent anuual town meeting held at
Northampton, two negroes, by public vote,
were placed on the jury list. One of them is a
son of a Maryland ex-slave, whose father took
an early liking to a more Northern latitude ;
and the other was a slave five years ago, who at
that time could not read or write, but has since
become tolerably proficient in the English
branches. It is a significant fact, the account
adds, that the proposition to place the names
of the two colored men on the list came from
the Hon. Charles Delano, a former member of
Congress.
People Who Live in Glass Houses, etc.
The Friend, a little Quaker monthly of this
city, scolded us in its January number for al-
lowing G. F. Train to write in our columns.
Happening to glance in its last number, for
March, we saw an article on Great Expecta-
tions, signed by these ominous initials: G.
F. T.!
REVOLUTION IN TEE WRITING ART.
PROFESSOR STIMSPONS SCIENTIFIC PENS AND
HOLDERS.
A somewhat clumsy editor, recommending a newly
invented razor strop, said it must be good, for he coaid
make his razor cat well with it. We dare not pay the
same compliment *to Professor Stimpsons pen, for it
seems as though nothing could convert our hieroglyphics
into good legible hand. Messrs. Mabie, Todd & Co.
with their gold pens, have done better for ns than any
others we have tried till now. And as they are to be the
manufacturers of Stimpsons Scientific Pen, we are
not without hope that by patience and perseverance, we
may be a writer yet. Gold pens have long been in use,
but not until now has strict, scientific rule been applied
to their manufacture^ Stimpsons scientific gold and
steel pens will be manufactured under the general sup-
erintendence of the inventor and patentee, Mr, George
Stimpson, Jr., of this city, well known to be one of the
most experienced penmen ever educated in America.
The gold pen will be manufactured by Messrs. Mabie,
Todd &Co., whose work in that line challenges compari-
son with any in the world. A fountain application is sup-
plied of a very simple character to both the steel and the
gold pens, making a very few dips into the inkstand
necessary in a mornings writing. We cannot here de-
scribe the nature of these improvements in the writing
pen, but they seem to be genuine, and none are so
highly recommended, considering how recently they
have come before the public. The improvements we
are assured are the result of strictly scientific investigation,
in which the inventor, (a well known expert in penman-
ship as already intimated), has been engaged during a
Jpng series of years before determining upon the perfect
article now offered to the public. These pens differ
lroxn all others, not only in their shape, but in their
writing qualities, they being of much greater strength
and elastcity. The single arch or quill-shape has been
discarded, and the triple arch substituted ; two of these
arches or corrugations being upon the back of the pen,
acting in opposition to the forward arch or bowl, thus
keeping the points of the pen square together, and
enabling the writer to write a large or small hand with
equal facility, no matter how fine or coarse the pen.
These pens are manufactured in a variety of sizes and
textures suited to every variety of writing, drawing,
copying music, stenograph and lithograph. We hardly
feel competent to judge of the artiele before us, but
most excellent writers pronounce them of the very
highest order. But from the trial we have been able
ourselves to give them, we have no hesitation in recom-
mending, especially the gold pen, as among the very
best ever yet invented. We have room left only to give
the terms and pries of sale :

Stimpsons Scientific Steel Pens, $2 per gross, or 25
cents per box of a single dozen. Scientific Ink Retain-
ing Pen-Holders, $2 per dozen, or 20 cents single. Speci-
men Card with .Ink-Retaining Pen-Holder, 50 cents.
Scientific Gold Pen, $3 ; with Ink-Retainer, $4.50.
Liberal discounts to the trade.
A. S. Barnes & Co., General Agents,
111 & 113 William street, cor. of John,
* New. York.
A female Ku-Klux-Klan has been organized in Geor-
gia.
Woman is a being of imitation. What the su-
perior does, the inferior will imitate. Hence
the importance of man ever walking in the
right way. We had hoped that as woman be-
gun to exert an influence in public matters that
we should have an end of all secret societies,
but this does not look like it. However, we
shall hope much still, from the fact that woman
can never keep a secret.
The New York Express says the Washington papers
mention a meeting of the Knights of Pythias. Is
this another secret political organization? Where's
Forney ?
With two papers, both daily to look after,
we think Forney has quite enough on hand with-
out being responsible for the Knights of Damon
or Pythias.
The women of Topeka, Kansas, have held a caucus
and nominated candidates for city offices.
One tiling is certain that the days of the
white male in Kansas are numbered. He
may as well be getting his grave clothes ready,
or what is better, make his peace at once with
black men and women.
AMERICAN AND HINDOO WIDOWS.
An Ohio judge has just decided a point in a recent will
ca6e, which is of interest to wives in general, and wid-
ows in particular. He holds it to be the law that a man
may leave his property to his wife with a proviso that
she forfeit her right to it in case she marries a second
time, and that the court has no right to interfere with
thin provision. A restraint of this kind made to a sin-
gle woman would be null and void, but if a man makes
a devise to hie wife, conditional that she shall remain his
widow, it shall be void if she marries. She takes the
estate con amore, and the law presumesin that class of
cases, that one husband is enough for the lady, and if
she choose to enjoy a second matrimonial union she
does it at her own risk, and is remitted to her dower and
such portions of her personal property as the law gives
her. This decision gives husbands a sort of control
over their own widows that will add force to the reasons
that usually operate to prevent second marriages. It is
a principle that will probably elicit considerable indig-
nant eloquence from Mrs.--Stanton, Mrs. Oakes Smith
and Miss Dickinson.
We have no eloquence to waste on the Ohio
judge. We have been too long conversant with
the history of the burning of Hindoo widows
on the funeral pile of their husbands, to be at
all surprised at this milder manifestation of the
same principle. These poor fellows want some-
body to grieve for them, and if their lives have
not been such as to ensure a real sorrow for
them after they are gathered to their lathers,
it is but natural that they should wish to leave
something to rankle in the bosoms of their sur-
viving partners. Husband and wife are one
and that one the husband.
The London petition to be laid before Parliament for
reconstructing the law excluding women householders
has already received between 13,000 and 14,000 signa-
tures, among which are Mr. A. V. Harcourt, Professor
Jewett, Mr. W. C. Sedgewick, and Mr. G. A. Simcox,
from Oxford. There are thirty-six members of Parlia-
ment on the general committee. '

MR. TRAIN'S LETTER FROM JAIL.
EDUCATE THE GIRLS AS WELL AS BOYSWOMANS
SUFFRAGE IN IRELANDHOW THE TIME FLIES
THE REVOLUTION IN IRELAND.
Four Courts Maeshalsea, )
March 25,1868. f
HOW THE DAYS ROLL ON.
Dear RevolutionTempuss fugitFive
months ago stumping Kansasfour months
ago arranging for the Denver Pacific Railroad
three months ago talking Womans Suffrage in
ten Statestwo months ago writing from a
felons cell in Corkone month ago saving
Nagle and the Jacknell men from being made
convicts by a packed juryand here I am al-
most th?ee weeksyes, quitein jail No. 2 in
Ireland. Four weeks have wrought wonders.
That Boston speech rattled among the Cabinets
like shot on a pasteboard.
WHAT CHANGES IN ENGLAND.
See the changes. Meaney gone home, Jack-
nell men on the way ; Nagle, Warren and Cos-
tello will soon be out; Alabama claims admitted;
once an Englishman always an Englishman
about abolished; and the downfall of the Irish
Church soundedall in two weeks; England
frightened; Derby out, Disraeli in ; soon
Disraeli will be out and Gladstone in. Here
are his resolutions. Next Monday down comes
the infamy of three centuries :
1. That, in the opinion of this house, it is necessary
that the Established Church of Breland should cease to
exist as an Establishmentdue regard being had to the
personal interests and individual rights of proprietors.
2. That subject to the foregoing alterations, it is ex-
pedient that to prevent the creation of new personal in-
terests by tiie exercise of any public patronage, and to
confine the functions of the Ecclesiastical Commission-
ers of Ireland to objects of immediate necessity, or in-
volving individual rights pending the final decision o
Parliament.
3. That an humble address be presented to her Ma.
jesty, praying her to place at the disposal of Parliament
her interest in the temporalities, dignities, and bene-
fices of tbe Church of Ireland, and in the custody thereof.
Then all the Orangemeu will turn Fenians,
and Ireland is a nation.
THE KANSAS NINE THOUSAND VOTES FOR WOMEN
HAVE SET EUROPE THINKING.
When women cease to be proud of their own
degradation, and show some desire to eman-
cipate themselves from ten thousand years of
slavery, there will be sunshine in the sky.
female franchise.
The Dublin petition, asking for the franchise to be ex-
tended to women who are householders, ratepayers, etc.,
has now received upwards of two thousand signatures of
persons of both sexes.
At Kingstown and Blackrock a petition- for the same
purpose has been signed by five hundred persons.
Professor Fawcett, M.P., will preside at a meeting of
the Womens Suffrage Society in London, on tbe 6tb
April. The London petition for female franchise, to be
presented soon to Parliament, has received about 14,000
signatures.
A meeting of tbe Womans Suffrage Society was re-
cently held at the Audrey House, Notting-hilh the resi
dence of P. A. Taylor, Esq., M.P. for Leicester.
[We would have liked to have seen, adds the Irishman,
women taking au interest in something, perhaps, higher
even than their suffragethe cause of humanity out-
raged by the sufferings and deaths in the dungeons of
many against whom no verdict was ever recorded, nor
any charge, except the mere rumor of a constables sus.
picion, ever publicly preferred.]
IRELAND FULL OF HOPE.
Will tbe Fenian Sisterhood note that. The
women of Ireland are as earnest for their cause


JteMltttitftt*
235
i
of nationality as were the women of the South.
But there is probability for the one, while
there was scarcely possibility for the other.
Never before were there such bright prospects
for the Irish people. England fears America.
The Irish people who left with a vengeance will
return with a vengeance.
Whole millions that were forced to go
By famine from our shore,
Whose bones have strewed the seas below ;
And countless thousands more,
Who, by the road and mountain side,
Of pestilence and hunger died.
Those that live will come back, as well as the
friends of those that died. Read Mackays.
bold speech-just sentenced to twelve years. He
won't be in prison as many months.
EDUCATE THE GIRLS AS WELL AS THE BOYS.
M. De Tocqueville attributes (says a London paper)
the prosperity of the United States to the superior edu-
cation oi their women. It is the saying of a famous
writer that the character of the children depends on
that of the mother. A refined and well-educated woman
will, without doubt, take care that the mental culture of'
her offspring is not neglected. The importance of a
sound education to woman as well as man cannot he
overrated.' Professedly very great attention has been
given for many years in England to the subject of female
education, and ladies have their own collegiate schools,
high schools, and colleges, and are how agitating for the
foundationof course with a Charter and Endowment
of an Alexandra University, while in America they have
their newspaper, The Revolution. It must, how-
ever, be admitted that, in general, parents are less anx-
ious about the solid education of their girls than of their
boys. A girls education is neither so largely nor so
rapidly remunerative. It is thought, too, although it
may not be said, that girls are less capable of mental
cultivation than boys ; and that not merely rela-
tives but lady pupils themselves rely more upon the
gentler graces and winning qualities of character than
upon astronomy or mathematics to win for them that
one great end of maternal solicitudean establishment.
Tet some of the most enlightened men of the age main-
tain that an educated mother is of far more importance
to her family than an educated father.
If there was ever a Christian work it is the
emancipation of women from the infernal
sneers of many thousand years. The Revo-
lution is a God-send to progress. Educate
the girls. As it is now, the boys look forward
to some advancementthe girl only to find a
husband in lifes lottery.
NATURE .THE TRUE PHYSICIANAN OBSTINATE
PAUPER.
Parish Doctor. Well, nurse, how go the patients ?
Nurse. Oh, pretty well, sirtheres eleven dead l
P. D. Eleven! Only eleven? Why, I left medicine
for twelve.
Nurse. Yes, sir, I know; but one was so refractory he
wouldnt take hisn.
The above conversation tells the story of the
Medical College; What a Revolution there will
be when people learn that cold water, diet, ex-
ercise, pure air and sunshine, rest, regularity,
no medicine, no mineral-waters, no drugs, no
tea, no coffee, no intoxicating liquors, are the
medicines that nature gave to man.
WAR WITH ENGLAND.
English influence got up the Impeachment
cry to checkmate Johnson on the Fenians.
But P. P. shows in Revolution No. 10 that
the Bear has got the thief fast. England is at
the bottom of the. Washington programme to
sell out the Fenians. But it wont do. The
aid of the Irish Church makes Fenians of all the
Orangemen. In England and Ireland an army
of five hundred thousand men, for the Protes-
tant Seea garrison in a Catholic country.
See what the Dean of Limerick says to-day:
For the Church Establishment England has performed
that terrible mission which has made our land a kind of
Balbec, and our population an aggregate of dependant
paupers. The hangings and quarterings of Elizabeth
the bloody devastations of Cromwell, and che wasting
laws of William and the Georges were all instruments
for supporting the Established Church, and the confis-
cations which caused the descendants of our nobility to
be beggars, laborers, or wanderers over the face of the
earth have all been inflicted for the self-same object and
end. Every evil, imperial and nationalthe very system
that places on the shores of the Atlantic hundreds of
thousands who watch, and wait, and pray for the day
when they shall be able to light the wrongs of ages by
one fierce revenge on the battle-fieldhas been the re-
sult of the blind devotion of England to the Established
Churchand in her hand, uplifted to strike the monster
of her own creation, we behold a figure which has been
outlived by the retribution of God.
I like this jail. Have written letter No. 65 to
the World. Sincerely, g. r. t.
A KIND WORD FOR *1 THE REVOLUTION PROM
THE EDITOR OP THE UNIVERSEPHILA-
DELPHIAA VOICE PROM A DISTINGUISHED
ROMAN CATHOLIC CLERGYMANTHE FENIAN
SISTERHOOD.
Dublin Jaxl, Four Courts Marshalsea, )
March 28, 1868. f
A NOBLE FELON OOMING HOME.
Dear Revolution.Stephen J. Meaney writes me
from Havre. Three cheers. You remember when I
said, ReleaseMeany or warThou canst not say I
did it it was the Fenians. The Irish will vote solid in
November. Meany will see you on arrival. -
THE FENIAN SISTERHOOD.
The Irish sisterhood will stand by The Revolution.
It was Ireland that voted for woman in Kansas. Ireland
has done everything for America. What has America
ever done for Ireland ? The Jamestown donation was
an Irish donation. Who sent over the one hundred
millions to the Irish this last quarter of a century ? Not
the Americans. The Americans have only sneers for the
Irish. They are treated worse even than the negroes.
Glad Savage is organizing the Fenian Sisterhood.
THE HEAD CENTRE, ELLEN OMAHONY.
Where is Ellen OMahony ? She has wonderful energy
and great talent. She should write for The Revolution.
She wrote those eloquent articles in Ben Woods News
which Harper wouldnt publish because they were Irish.
Had they been written by an African he would have
paid down the gold with thanks. Mrs. Stantons letter
from Washington on handsome Senators is a revolver.
It goes the rounds.
THE NEW YORK WORLD.
Marble is a trumpclever, handsome, eloquent and
plucky ; but the day after what you call his sneer he
prints ten columns of Trains Letters. I wrote him
to-day saying, he forgets I am one.of those independent
fellows who patronize newspapers, and never allow
them to patronize me. You can judge how he must be
badgered by small-brained politicians, who cannot elevate
themselves to appreciate a man of genius like your-
P. P. Marble says he will turn me over to the lap of
The Revolution. Suppose I turn him him over
into the lap of the World. In other words : Suppose I
stop my letters to him and write you. All you have to
do is to get out a posle? and say that Train will only
write as special to The Revolution. A dozen news-
papers are writing me to give them an occasional letter,
and I am sorry you complain that I do not write more.
G. S. says you have too much of Train. H. G. and
W. L. G. beg you to drop Train. I will stop writing if
they will go in practically for Womans Suffrage. Let
Beecher, Tilton and Phillips and the rest come out
for woman as they used to, and you shall never
hear from Train again. What say, gentlemen 1
THE UNIVERSE AND THE REVOLUTION.
Here is a private letter that says a kind word for you :
Office of the Universe (Catholic World), \
J. M. Spelling, Proprietor, 310 Chestnut >
street, Phila., March 13, 1868. )
" Dear Mr. Train. * Got your note from
Blarney ten minutes ago. Glad to receive a favor from
you. The enclosed appeared in the Universe of yester-
day :
IRELAND FOR THE IRISH, AND A FENIAN CANDI-
DATE FOR THE PRESIDENCY.
{I will beat out as many articles as I can on that
anvil. For the Irish will swear by the Island in the
Sea* You know we publish twice a week now. I mean
to come out daily after a little time. Glad to see The
Revolution is such a great success. It is very ably
edited. The Wall street articles are entirely original,
as well as sensational. I think the sooner you come
home the betterI mean for 8th of November purposes.
I do not see success for you. But it would be an extra-
ordinary success for Ireland if all the Irish votes here
were concentrated on you, or some one like you. Hit or
miss, this is true. There is another fight among the
Fenians. This time it is between President ONeill
(Roberts successor) and the leaders in Chicago. The
latter hold all the money they get. Savage is the rising
sun. In my opinion he is honest, able and devoted.
Read these clippings from the Universe and be in-
structed. Glad you mentioned Dr. M.oriarty, of this
city, in your speeches. He is, as you say, the great
Augustinian prelate orator, statesman, wit, Irish
patriot, etc., who advocated with splendid ability Ire-
land as a State of the Union.
' Your friend, j. ar. s. *
OPEN THE RAILWAYS, TELEGRAPH OFFICES, AND
THE SHOPS FOR WOMENOPEN SESAME.
Employment of Women,The Baden government,
which has for some time past employed women in the
telegraph service, has now placed persons of the fair
sex in charge of the -windows at railway stations at
which money is taken for tickets. An official notice
states that a similar measure will shortly be adopted
in several of the post-office establishments.-Paris
paper.
Women have a nobler mission than sit on a bench in
the Park till some one comes along and asks them to be
married. The women of the South showed the spirit
of 76. Would their cause had been as noble.
THE GREEN ABOVE THE RED.
The women of Ireland are full of patriotism. Saint
Patricks day was brilliant with girls wearing the green
above the red. God bless the sex.
And boys, you were outrivalled by your wives and
sisters fair,
Who twined the crape and shamrock with their silken
wavy hair
Theyre worthy of being marshalled with the phalanx of
the true;
They teach their stalwart brothers what Irishmen
should do.
The Revolution is doing the mission of heaven
to the cry of reformation and emancipation.
Alive to every tender feeling,
To deeds of mercy ever prone;
The wounds of pain and .sorrow healing
With soft compassions sweetest tone.
Woman of charity!Natures loveliest birth !
Woman in sickness!Glory of the earth 1
Woman! sent from God and given
To wean our thoughts from earth to heaven.
This is noble. Give her a vote, and our thoughts will
have more practical interest and less theoretical, It is
about time to lock up angelsto stop calling wo-
men angels. Imagine a woman at a ball with wings, as
seen in the pictures, and nothing to sit down on.
George Francis Train.
LETTER FROM STEPHEN J. MEANY.
Are you fond of autographs ? Here is the original of
a man who will have his name in history. He goes out
in the William Penn. With him the fen is as mighty as
the sword.
Consulate of the United States, )
HavrerFrance, March 25, 1868. J
My Dear George Francis Train : I have, just at
the moment when I myself have become free of the
British crown and government, learned that you were
on British soiL It is to me matter of deep regret that I
cannot gra^p your honest hand before leaving for the
land of honest hearts. I leave Havre this forenoon for
New York, by the steamer William Penn. Write to me
by first mail to Sweeneys Hotel, New York. Write
fully and unreservedly. I shall on my arrival have
much to say and much to do. But your advice and sug-
gestions will aid me.
That very little, little, LITTLE manCharles
Francis Adamshas courteously declined to aid me, in.
asmuch as the appropriation of Congress for State
Prisoners has not yet become law. I shall publish
letter on arrival. Write! write! 1 write!!!
Yours always, my G. F. T.,
Stephen J. Meany.
LETTER TO JOHN MITCHELL.
Note carefully my letter to Mitchell. He must be in
the ^ree-Trade-Specie-Payment-George Peabody-Demo*


236
ft* fUvoInti##.
crafcic-Convention-Pool of July Fourth to nominate
Adams.
revolution to evert postmaster in
AMERICA.
Splendid idea. The Revolution is not a Party
paper, but Independentpledged to no man, no plat-
form, but Truth and Independence. Now, every Post-
master j by-and-by every Postmistress.
WHAT THE CATHOLIC CLERGY SAY OF TRAIN.
It is amusing to see public opinion go up and down.
But the Irish are true. A1! kinds of lies are circulated,
but who cares. I ask nothing, expect nothing; and it
is beyond the power of mortal to cause me a moments
annoyance.
LETTER FROM A DISTINGUISHED ROMAN CATHOLIC
CLERGYMAN TO ME. TRAINFATHER-----------
South Presbytery, Cork,)
March 26, 1868. J
My Dear Mr. Train : I have received the letters
and Revolutions you sent to me from Blarney,
Sligo and Dublin, and am very grateful for your kind
remembrance of me, which sending them evinces.
The Revolution is a journal full of meat. It will
make itself felt far and wide. The able and generous
vindication of your character, published in the Sligo
Champion, gave me great satisfaction, especially as it
bears out what I have read of you in private letters sent
to people here, who wrote to friends in America, for
the purpose of ascertaining who and what you were.
From my own personal observation of you, I was in-
clined to think that you were a man singularly endowed
by nature with gifts of head and heart, and I believe I
have not been deceived. To one so heartily abused as
you have been, next to the testimony of your own self-
approving conscience, the candid tribute of even a few
friends to your uprightness, your philanthropy, your
manly spirit, your intellectual endowments, and many
other distinguished qualities, must afford a genuine
sense of pleasure. I, myself, have been 'chaffed a
good deal about my intercourse with you while you
were here ; and many satirical inquiries have been made
of me concerning my friend Mr. Train since you
left. The PalLMaU Gazette has had a leader on me
headed 4 Joviality in the Irish Priesthood (March 7),
founded upon the song, 'illustrative of an Irish jig,
which I sang at your desire here. Calumnious tongues
gave out that you never paid Mr. Cotton for that dinner,
and that I had to pay my share of it; and I was heartily
laughed at by those who did not know that my friend
Mr. Train had most honorably paid up to Mr. Cotton.
But those who chaff* me on this subject little know
the contempt I have for their smallness of mind, their
grovelling selfishness, their narrow human sympathies,
their remote distance from the intellectual apex, and the
manly elevation of character that held up George Francis
Train to the astonishment of two worlds. Again, Why
does he not pay that little bill if he is so rich?* I
answer, Because he does not owe it. You have
reason to be grateful to your hospitable British friends.
You were a stranger and they took you in. Don't mind,
you will soon get up steam again! and we shall be de-
lighted to hear the old joyous refrain, Clear the track,
the Train is coming. Get me a ticketI don't fear to
travel on that lineI shall be happy to pick up the
Train wherever I meet it, on the way to the Marshalsea
or on the way to the White House.
I am respectfully, * *
FROM FRIENDS AT HOME.
A friend writes : It is time your foreign mission
was ended. The heathen at home need your attention.
Yes, all very pleasant ; hut you forget I am locked up
every night and guarded in the day-time. A certain fair
lady is sinking a ibrtune in cable dispatches. Two
yesterday saying, HI pay in ten thousand dollars to
the Consul by telegraph, can you return to-morrow.
I say, No money wanted. Insolvency beats these
devils political thimble-rigging. I never pay more than
I owe. I have sent the World particulars of arrest. If
the judge refuses to let me through the court, what
better evidence is required than that the arrest is politi-
cal. Down with the monarchy and up with the repub-
lic.
Sincerely, g. f. t.
The Tribune, during the recent campaign in Counec-
tiout.headed one of the dispatches from that State,which
spoke of a Democratic meeting as a failure, A Demo-
cratic Womans Meeting. It is strange that these meet-
ings carried the State. But it is generally the case for
men to make fun of the doings of women when in the
end these same women triumph.
GIRLS, DON'T PAINT YOUR CHEEKS,
Mrs. Greeley advises young women in a practical
way how they may preserve their health, and have red
cheeks without the aid of rouge. Her words are : Too
many young girls sit moping within doors, over some
trivial and worthless bit of fancy work, when they
should be seeking vigor, elasticity and happiness from
the life-giving influences of wood and meadow, breeze
and sunshine. Pursue this out-door recreation, and
doctors gigs in front of your residences will be changed
to the wagons of butchers and grocers.iV. Y. World,
Mrs. Greeley is a -woman of much thought
and cultivation. We visited her several times
when in Washington, and were charmed with
her common sense views on every subject on
which we conversed. As she has two beautiful
daughters, she is good authority on the health
and habits of young girls. Of all things, girls,
be what you seem to be. All these petty
deceptions of rouge and dye, false curls, and
small waists have their effect on the moral na-
ture, andlead to art, cunning, deception, and in-
trigue. Let ns he honest.
A WOMAN DEPOSITS NOT A VOTE PUT
A VOTER.
The following item is from the Hartford (Ct.)
Courard. Women can go to the polls, it seems,
provided they,carry a man on their backs, but
they must never deposit a ballot themselves.
Oh, no, that would be highly improper. And
for carrying a man there thay will be very likely
to be rewarded. This woman had a purse of
$200 made up for her on the spot.
In the Fourth ward an amusing incident occurredjust
before the closing of the polls. A hack containing a
man and woman drove up. The woman alighted, backed
np to the door of the hack, and took her husband, an in-
valid, on her back, and carried him into the engine
house, and around to all the boxes, and back to the car-
riage after he had voted. A large crowd was about the
polls, and this inoident caused the wildest excitement
and merriment. The crowd mounted benches, and
cheered, laughed, and shouted at the strange Spectacle
of a woman carrying a man' pic-a-back to the ballot-
box.
Life Insurance. Mr. Elizur Wright, of
Boston, a gentleman well versed in the business,
wants Congress to establish a Life Insurance
Bureau, with power to investigate the affairs of
each Company to determine whether or not its
reserve funds are sufficient, and to prohibit any
unsafe Company from issuing new policies be-
yond the State which has incorporated it. The
evil complained of by Mi*. Wright is, that the
premiums paid by policy-holders to assure their
lives are, in all cases, held by the companies as
a trust sacred to the object. Some of them pay
dividends on a small capital stock, although
professing to be almost exclusively mutual in
their management; some pay enormous com-
missions to agents for securing new business ;
some waste considerable sums in salaries, office
expenses and printing.
Mrs. Starrett as Lecturer.The Kansas
papers speak in most complimentary words of
the lecfcures]of Mrs. Starrett. Were it not that
the democracy in that state had shown them-
selves friendly to woman suffrage, we might re-
gret rather than rejoice at their gains in late
elections there.
A French paper states that an analysis of suicide
shows that married men and women are more liable to
make way with themselves than bachelors and widows.
This is an item furnished from the misan-
thropical observations] of some cross-grained
old bachelor. But suppose the on dittobe
true, what does it prove? simply that with such
a foretaste of Heaven they were impatient to en-
ter into all the blessedness of the perfect state,
while the old bachelor was still vainly searching
for a crumb of comfort on the barren earth.
It is said upon honor that some schoolteach-
ers on Long Island smoke their pipes in school;
and another story not so well authenticated iff,
that two school teachers, not far off, lately had a
fight. A great crowd of course was the neces-
sary consequence. A nervous individual came
up in breathless excitement and inquired of a
wag the cause. Why, said he, they fell
out about spelling the word bird.* One said
it was byrd, and the other contended it was
4 burd.
FINANCIAL PROBLEMS,.
no. n.
Editors of the Revolution:
In a former article (April 9th), it was assumed
that Congress ought to declare an early if not
an immediate return to the specie standard,
providing explicitly, at the same time, that
there should be no violation of existing con-
tracts ; but that both creditor and debtor should
be protected, by requiring that all obligations
payable in currency should be valued at what
they were worth in gold at the date of the change
in the standard, and paid accordingly when due,
at that price.
Resumption, whether immediate or remote,
means a reduction in the price of all our assets
from 140 to 100, and this would ruin all our
debtors for the benefit of creditors who have no
claim to do this, and therefore we insist that
the price (not the value) of our debts, shall be
reduced in the same proportion, eo that both
parties shall stand relatively the same after as
before the change. It has been said that this
would be repudiation, because having pro-
mised $140; we propose to pay but $100 ; as if,
forsooth, it was the number, rather than the val-
ue or purchasing power of the dollars we are
treating.
Repudiation consists in giving less than has
been stipulated, and that is just what the New
York Tribune, and parties like the editor of that
paper, are trying to accomplish. They offer us
our paper, which is worth only $100 in gold,
and ask us to pay .$140; and because we de-
cline to accept their invitation, they charge us
with favoring repudiation.
Reduce the price (not the value) of our paper,
as we should the price of our assets for which
this paper was given, and resumption to-morrow
is as safe as any business transaction can possi-
bly be.
It would not hasten payments, nor increase
the call for gold. On the contrary, both nation-
al and individual credit would be immensely
strengthened, and more than one hundred mil-
lions of gold liberated and made available for
the payment of our debt, and stopping interest.^
It will be asked if we propose to apply this
rule to public and corporate obligations, as well
as to individual debts, and we reply in the af-
firmative, by all means.
Our legal tenders are worth in California 72
cents on the dollar, and that is about the value
here or elsewhere in gold.
Let them be put at this price, and placed on
compound interest at six per cent, for a year or


237

two, with provision for payment at maturity, or
conversion into interminable or consolidated
five per cents., with interest quarterly, with all
other debts which are really currency, and they
would at once begin to grow heavier by the ad-
dition of interest, and rapidly disappear.
Does any one say this is repudiation, or that
a legal tender at 72 in gold will not purchase or
pay as much as one at par in currency ?
The truth appears to be that creditors desire
to obtain gold when only paper is due ; and we
trust that the laborers and debtors generally,
both east and west, will be able to understand
this question before another election* and see
that their votes are not cast for their enemies.
It may be asked, -what shall be done with the
national bank notes, and those due from their
debtors, and also how this plan would affect
savings banks, and other parties acting as trus-
tees.
The reply is found without difficulty after we
have learned that a paper, or a currency dollar,
is not a gold dollar, and that all these cases
named are currency, and not gold.
Establish the true standard, and bring all our
transactions, old and new, .equally to that meas-
ure, and not one individual in the country can
possibly be wronged, though many unreasona-
ble, grasping creditors would be disappointed,
and perhaps pretend that they had been de-
frauded.
But we trust our readers generally will be
able to see that our proposition is eminently
fair, and that it is in fact the only one that can
by any possibility provide for the return to
specie payments at once and with safety.
At present it is not proposed to determine
the question as to our Five-Twenties, any far-
ther than to say that their real value is about 72
in London, or something like 80 here in our
gold, and that consequently it would be no in-
justice to fix that as the price at which they
should be paid or exchanged for hew bonds,
such as we have proposed to issue in funding
the currency debt already mentioned.
There would be no difficulty, with proper
management, in placing a loan in foreign bonds,
which would give at least par in gold here for
United States five per cents., to an extent
sufficient to meet all the Five-Twenties now
in the market, which could be presented for
payment at their present value, rather than ior
exchange into the new loan.
Massachusetts has just had an offer for five
per cent, sterling bonds, equal to par in onr
gold, and there is no reason, except what we
find in injudicious management, why bonds of
the United States consolidated, should not bring
even a higher price than this.
Let our working men and women who have
all these bonds and interest to pay, and who,
in fact, created all the property or performed
the labor which they represent, look to it that
they are not called upon for more than is really
due, as they certainly will be unless there is
*speedy, equitable resumption of specie pay-
ments, and a return to more sensible manage-
ment of our finances. ' d. w.
We would suggest, if it is not too late, that a new arti-
cle of impeachment he added in relation to the faot, that
the President has disgraced his high office in not paying
his bills, as it is well known that the Butler has been
pressing Mr. Johnson quite hard of late.
Thebe ars so few men in Alabama that can tase the
test oath that about forty post offices throughout the
State are conducted by women. Good! for Alabama or
the test oath.
LOUISIANA HOMESTEAD AID SOCIETY.
We are indebted to Mrs. CoraL. V. Daniels for
the Constitution and a statement of the objects
of the Louisiana Homestead Aid Association.
Mrs. Daniels has been elected honorary President
of the body, and seems to have its objects and its
interests ever before her as a divinely appointed
commission also. The objects of the institution
are primarily to counteract the land monopoly
interest so ruinous to national growth and pros-
perity as well as individual happiness, and to
encourage, and assist loyal citizens to become ac-
tual settlers on the lands in the State, under
the provisions of the Homestead Act of
Congress, approved July 21, 1866, and on land
which may be acquired by purchase from pri-
vate parties or corporations.
Mrs. Daniels has testimony the most satis-
factory as to her fitness for the work she has in
hand, and which we understand was mainly pro-
jected by herself. We have room to-day but
for the following :
Office of the Louisiana Homestead Association, )
New Orleans, March 6, JL868.J
Madam You have been elected Honorary President,
with full power to receive donations, issue circulars,
and take all steps intended for the promotion of the ob-
ject in view. The Secretary will forward a copy of the
resolution passed to that effect.
In haste, very respectfully,
C. Z. Dailoz, Vice President.
Washington, D. 0., March 6, 1868.
The statement and views of Mrs. Cora L. V. Daniels,
touching the condition of the freedmen of Louisiana, are
worthy the attention of the people, and her personal
character and knowledge of the affairs of the Louisiana
Homestead Aid Association such as should command
confidence and respect. J. M. Howard, Charles Stunner,
S. C. Pomeroy, James W. Nye, B. F. Wade, Geo. W. Jul-
ian, J. M. Edmunds, Henry Wilson.
I cheerfully concur with the. foregoing gentlemen,
O. O. Howard, Major-General.
LUEBABY.
The Radical for April has arrived richly freighted as
usuaL No journal is more welcome. On most subjects
it is the twin sister to The Revolution. It leads the
country in theological research and discussion as does
The Revolution in more secular spheres. The
April number is richer at least in variety, than- is usual.
Its table of contents includes, The doctrine ol the Pre-
existence and the fourth Gospel, by W. J. Potter j Char-
acter by Rachel Pomeroy; Science and Worship, by
Everett Finley; Moral Causes of Material Prosperity, by
Charles L. Alexander; Ernest Renan, from the French
of M. St. Beuve ; Experience, by W, J. Armstrong ;
Montaigne, by A. Bronson Alcofct, and several other ar-
ticles in prose and otherwise.
The editorial criticisms on womans wrongs by Gail
Hamilton will need future revision. Gail Hamilton
will ere long be whipping them with her terrible Todd-y
stick. The ballot wont make womans millennium by
any means, but v ill go farther towards-it than the Radi-
cal believes ; and none will he gladder than the Radical
to see every good result. Boston : Adams & Co,, 25
Broomfield street$3.00 per annum, in'advance.
Human Nature : A monthly journal of Zoistic Science
and Intelligence, embodying Physiology, Phrenology,
Psycology, Spiritualism, Philosophy, The Laws of Health,
and Sociology. An Educational and Family Magazine.
Contents: Philosophy of the Human Organism. The
Scientific and Moral Aspects of Spiritualism. By J. W.
Jackson, Esq., F..A. S. L. The Ideal attained ; being the
Story of Two Steadfast Souls, and how they won their
Happiness and lost it not. Psychological Inquiries
Spiritual Phenomena through Mr. Home ; Mrs. Har-
dinges Lectures. Whisperings from Far and Near
A Friendly exchange of Thought; Remarkable Pic-
tures on a Dead Baby; Colonization. Presentation of
Testimonial to Mr. Thomas Shorter. Reports of Pro-
gress-Spiritualism in Shelley ; Liverpool Phrenologi-
cal Society ; London National Society for Womans Suf-
frage ; Birmingham Phrenological Society ; Manchester
Association of Progressive Spiritualists, &c &c. A
Haunted House in Kensington. London: James Burns,
Progressive Library, I Wellington Road, Camberwell, S.
The Hearth Stone, a Family Magazine and Journal
of Fashion. $1,50 a year15 cents each. New York :
Richardson & Collins, Publishers, 50 Cedar Street.
Petersons Works for the Million.Peterson
Brothers, Philadelphia, have sent us Mugby Junction
and Dr. Marigold's Prescriptions, a handsome pamphlet
volume of 110 pages, price 25 cents ; also Old Mortality,
by Walter Scott, 125 pages, 20 cents ; and the Marriage
Verdiot, by Alexander Dumas, complete in one volume
for 50 cents. This enterprising publishing house is is-
suing complete sets of the above named authors at these
very low rates, bringing them thus within reach of what
they term the million. A complete set of Walter
Scott, in 26 volumes, in good pamphlet form, for $5,
seems like a return to old prices and times. A proof
impression of a portrait of Sir Walter Scott, suitable for
framing, engraved on steel from Newtons Original Pic-
ture, which J. G. Lockhart says, in his Life of Scott,
was the best portrait ever taken of him, will be sent
gratis to all persons remitting Five Dollars for the
Twenty-six volumes.
THE ROAD TO BEFOBM.
BY RICHARD EDWARDS.
That the approval of woman suffrage by a political
party, as hinted in The Revolution for March, 26,
would ensure the triumph of that party appears very
probable ; but how the alternate possession of the gov-
ernment by the political parties, even with all the influ-
ence of women, is to result in a great moral reform is
not so clear. If it is asserted that man is the best ex-
pounder of his peculiar right, it must therefore he ad-
mitted that woman has a corresponding claim to that of
womans rights. But since the ballot is only one among
many specific modes of expression, it is evident that a
great revolution, in morals as well as in politics, does
not depend solely on the advent of woman suffrage.
Since in respect of moral quality, neither sex appear s to
have any advantage of the other, the position appears
tenable, that woman suffrage would ohange the aspect of
society without much affecting the stock of morality and
happiness1. The story of Mrs. K. in your paper under
the head of Facts in Social Life, suggests a more
feasible method of inaugurating a great moral reform.
From press, pulpit and rostrum, we want less writing
and talking of the merely professional sort. Give us
more**man and more women, more of real life.
While popularity and pecuniary profit remain the lead-
ing objects of our writers and speakers, the only revolu-
tion we can have will he but a tread-mill operation at tho
best. If authors and orators, instead of wasting their
energies to produce specific effects, would but confine
themselves to plain truth without troubling themselves
about effects, it is probable that great reform would
speedily follow.
A New York paper says that the lace dress worn by a
lady at a recent birth-day ball in Boston cost $220,000.
It was purchased at the Paris exhibition, and another of
'the same description was purchased for the Empress of
Austria. /
A tunnel 900 feet long through solid rock at Dun*
leitb, for an approach of the Illinois Central Railroad to
Dubuque bridge, has been commenced.
OUR AGENTS.
Mrs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st., N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mbs, o. Squires, Utica, N. Y.
Mrs. M. A. Newman, BingbamtOD, N. 7.
Miss Maria S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mrs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, E. 1.
Mbs, e. p. Whiffle, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mbs. R. B. Fischer, 923 Washington st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mbs. M. H. Brineerhoff, Utica. Mo.
Mrs. A. L. Quxmby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mbs, e. A. Kingsbury, Iowa.
Mrs. L. C. Dundobe, Baltimore, Md.
Miss Clair R. DBvere, Newport, Maine.
Mas. H. M. F. Brown, Chicago, HI.
Mbs. G. L. Hildebbrand, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mrs. Julia A- Holmes, Washington, D. C.
Mrs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. J. Martin, Atchison, Kansas.
Mrs. Geo. Roberts, Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mbs. Laura A. Berry, Nevada.
Mb. J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington Road, Camberwell, Lon-
don, England.


238

HEMS.
Parisian Honors.We submit the following
to our readers. Comment is unnecessary :
At the Paris Universal Exposition Messrs.
Wheeler & Wilson, 625 Broadway, received
the Gold Medal, and the only one, awarded for
the most perfect Sewing Machine and Button-
hole Machine exhibited.
J. C. Derby, New York,
U. S. General Agent for the Exposition.
The only Gold Medal lor the manufacture
and Perfection of Sewing Machines and But-
ton-hole Machines was awarded to Messrs.
Wheeler & Wilson, of New York.
Henry P. Q. DAligny,
Member of International Jury and Reporter
of same.
The Paris Exposition.The paper war which
has resulted from the awards of the Paris Ex-
position threatens to cast into the shade the fa-
mous war of the Roses. First the pianos and
then the sewing-machines became involved in
a contest. We have no desire to enter into the
merits of the question ourselves ; every one
practically acquainted with sewing-machines
knows that all first-class machines have their
merits. Nevertheless, it is undoubtedly true
that some sewing-machines have attained a
greater perfection than others, are more com-
prehensive, more entirely practical, altogether
better fitted for the varied requirements of use-
ful and ornamental sewing ; and the fact that
the representative of the Grover & Baker Sew-
ing-Machine at the Paris Exposition was dec-
orated with the Cross of the Legion of Honor,
thus receiving the highest award in the power
of the Commission to bestow, is as gratifying to
American pride as it is unequivocal proof of the
recognized superiority of the Grover & Baker
Machines. The representative of the Grover &
Baker Machines, being placed on the Interna-
tional Jury, excluded the machines necessarily
from competition, but their vast superiority
was delightedly recognized and acknowledged,
by conferring upon him a supreme mark of dis-
tinction, of which only one hundred and fifty
were awarded altogether, while gold medals
were as thick as blackberries. This solves the
problem of Paris Exposition prizes for sewing-
machines at once and forever. Whoever re-
ceived gold medals, only one sewing-machine
was decorated with the Cross of the Legion of
Honor, and that was the family favoriteGro-
ver & Baker.Demorests Monthly. I
I see that the Messrs. Hurd & Houghton,
of the Cambridge Riverside Press, will publish
in the course of this month A Sketch of the
Official Life of tne late Governor Andrew, by
his former military Secretary and near personal
friend, Col. A. G. Browne, Jr. (now the Re-
porter of the decisions of the Massachusetts
Supreme Court). This sketch contains many
of the writers personal recollections of the
late distinguished Governor, together with
some very striking incidents and facts of Mas-
sachusetts war-politics, &c., to which is added
letters and documents of the Governor, for
the first time given to the public, and with it is
also printed the celebrated valedictory address
of the Governor on the subject of the Recon-
struction of the South. The whole forms a
handsome little volume of over 300 pages, and
is dedicated, by permission, to General Grant,
who, it is well known, was in close personal and
political sympathy with the great Massachusetts
statesman. And in view of the approaching
Presidential campaign, I predict for this little
volume a universal circulation. Boston.

Financial and Commercial.America vei'sus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, r FOB SALE.
(Greenbacks .for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fonder and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Fi'eedmans Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. XV.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
LABOR AND CAPITAL.
The contest between labor and capital has
commenced. Capital is absorbing more than
its share of the profits of trade. Labor is de-
frauded of its just dues. The rich are becom-
ing richer and the poor poorer every day. Free
in name, but slaves in fact, the laborers of the
United States are drifting into Revolution.
The people never revolt from fickleness, or
the mere desire of change. It is the impa-
tience of suffering which alone has this effect.
The peoples suffering means Revolution. Six-
ty thousand people out of employment in New
York, and two hundred thousand in all the
United States!a million mouths short of food
in a country which was groaning with abun-
dance until 1865!the southern states saturat-
ed with abject poverty and misery!legitimate
trade languishing under the vacillating, ruinous
financial policy of Secretary McCullochthe
curse of misgovemment a government of
claim agentsfastened upon the people, the
funded debt and national banking systems eat-
ing like a cancer into the prosperity of the coun-
try, form an engine of oppression which makes
the American laborer more of a helot and serf
than any European. The person who lives
under a system of national funded debt and a
national backing system like our own is one
whose labor is mortgaged and the property of
another. American labor is in this condition.
Labor is suffering because the taxes are enor-
mous. The taxes of the tax-gatherers, the taxes
of national banking profits* the high rates of in-
terest and a Secretary of the Treasury that
makes greenbacks scarce. Greenbacks or legal
money are the tools by which fixed capital and
labor make money or increase individual and
national wealth. When legal money is scarce
fixed capital and labor are checked in their active
movements. They languish for want of money,
as illustrated in the condition of legitimate trade
in the United States since Mr. McCulloch com-
menced his policy of greenback-contraction.
MR. MCULLOCH THE TOOL OF THE NATIONAL
BANKS.
Mr. McCullochs greenback-contraction, by
making money scarce, increases the riches of
the national banks and rich men who own the
bulk of the money of the country. Merchants
and traders are forced into bankruptcy by the
scarcity of money, high rates of interest, and
low prices, which are the natural fruit of Mr.
McCullochs greenback-contraction.
PLENTIFUL MONEY MEANS NATIONAL PROSPERITY.
It requires no argument to prove that national
prosperity and progress are greatest when
money is plentifnl. Plentiful money supplies
the wheels which keep in healthy motion the
fixed capital and labor of the country. It gives
life to enterprise and industry.
PLENTIFUL MONEY MEANS CTVHjIZATIONPOVERTY
BARBARISM.
Civilization and widely-diffused comforts and
happiness among the masses of the people have
progressed, step by step, with the increase ot
money and credit. Poverty checks civilization.
An impoverished community lapses into barba-
rism, in sympathy with its lack of money and
credit. Communities obey this natural law,
just as individuals do. The strata of civiliza-
tion are formed by the organic action of money
and credit, the higher strata being in all cases
the result of the higher amount of money and
credit brought to bear upon them.
THE FEUDAL TYRANNY MAINTAINED BY SCARCE
MONEY.
The feudal system of the middle ages origin-
ated in and was sustained by the scarcity of
money. The poverty of the people was the
result ot scarce money. Men and women
were helots and serfs because they were poor,
and they were poor because money and credit
were scarce. Without money and credit the
people had not the means to improve their con-
dition, to enjoy the fruits of their bodily toil, or
to move away from their oppressorsthe feudal
lords. Money and credit are as indispensable
to move individuals as armies. The people
were slaves because they were poortheir
bodily toil and the fruits of it were the property
of another.
THE PEOPLE BECOME FREE AS MONEY BECOMES
PLENTIFUL.
As money and credit increased, the people
gradually became free and possessed the power
of making their bodily toil and the fruits of
it their own property, and not that of another.
They moved from the soil of their feudal lords
into what were called towns and cities, where
they formed themselves into corporations tor
protection against the impositions of the feudal
lords. The power and influence of these cor-
porations of tiie people were in precise propor-
tion to their wealth, or the amount of their
money and credit. The greater the amount of
money and credit they possessed, the greater
were their power and influence at home and
abroad. And furthermore, in these corpora-
tions, as a rule, the most wealthy individuals,
or those who were richest in money and credit,
were the men of most power and influence in
that community.
THE DESIRE FOR PLENTIFUL MONEY AN INSTINCT
OF CIVILIZED HUMANITY.
Civilized humanity, alive to this fact, has for


239

centuries struggled to obtain the most money
and credit as the means to attain the greatest
amount of good with the most ease, pleasure
Mid profit, mental and physical. The govern-
ing classes, monarchs and nobility, quickly saw
the advantage to themselves in holding the
power of dispensing legal money to the
people. To create legal money was to cre-
ate the seat of power.
TO CREATE MONET IS THE SEAT OF POWER.
The power to increase or decrease the legal
money and credit of a country is the power to
*make the market prices of all property in that
country higher or lower, at the will of the pos-
sessor of that power. It is in fact the fountain
head of the power to make the people tributary
to those who control their legal money and
credit.
THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT AND BANE OF ENG-
LAND THE SEAT OF POWER.
The British Government and the Bank of
England are the best illustration of this sys-
tem, by which the rich are made richer and the
poor poorer, in making the peoples bodily
toil and the fruits of it the property of those
who hold the purse-strings of the nation, and
the dispensation of its money and credit..
PLENTY OF MONET IS NATURES GREAT DEMO-
CRATIZER.
Nature, by its wealth of gold and silver mines,
is inviting men to increase their amount of
money. The discovery of gold in California
and Australia has stimulated the progress of
civilization and the increase of comforts, hap-
piness and freedom among the masses. Enter-
prises have been projected and consummated
which would have been impossible without the
sixteen hundred millions of dollars in gold and
silver which have been added to the money of the
world since the discovery of gold in California
and Australia.
MONET IS NATURES GREAT EMANCIPATOR AND
CIVILIZER.
Money is the great emancipator and civilizer
of humanity. Money is the tme democrat. It
democratizes society. It places within the reach
of the millions that wealth of mental culture,
moral excellence and physical development
which were limited to the few when money was
scarce in the middle ages. For ten cents the
.. poor seamstress can, to-day, command in
Broadway a ride in a finer carriage than that of
Cinderellas fairy.
MR. mcuLLOCHs POLIOT TENDS TO Tma SLA-
VERY AND BARBARISM OF LABOR.
The policy of Mr. Culloch in making green-
backs scarce is therefore the policy of despots
and the privileged classes of Europe. It is in
positive antagonism to the interests of
the people. It is a copy of the worst feat-
ure^ of the British Government and Bank of
England. It is a system by which the labor of
the country is mortgaged and made the prop-
erty of the National Bank -men, usurers and
the bondholders. It makes the American la-
borer a helot and serf to the European holders-
of United States bonds. I.t makes American
labor a slave to European capitalists. It is
forcing to an issue an irrepressible conflict be-
tween labor and capital. It is drifting the na-
tion into revolution. It is making the finan-
cial question the great national issue at the next
Presidential contest.
THE PEOPLE WILL HAVE GREENBACKS AND CON-
VERTIBLE CURRENCY BONDS.
The people want no legal money but their
owngreenbacks. They want the National |
Debt converted into bonds bearing a low rate
of currency interest, say three per cent, con-
vertible by Government at the pleasure of the
holder into greenbacks and the greenbacks
again reconvertible into these bonds at the
pleasure of the holder, so that the labor and
fixed capital of the country shall at all times he
supplied with the money and credit required to
keep them in healthy activity, and on the other
hand when there is an excess of legal money
beyond the wants ot labor and capital, then it
shall possess a natural outlet into these con-
vertible Government bonds, instead of being
forced into mischievous speculations for lack of
employment in legitimate trade.
THE PEOPLES ADVICE TO CONGRESS.
The peoples representatives at Washington
will do well to study this matter without delay,
because the laboring classes mean to vote only
for those as President and Vice-President who
are pledged to carry out this measure in good
faith,
No currency but greenbacks and the National
Debt funded into bonds hearing three per cent,
currency interest convertible into greenbacks,
and greenbacks again reconvertible into these
currency bonds bearing three per cent curren-
cy interest
GOLD A COMMODITY FOR SALE.
Gold isvan American product, like coiton, for
sale at the highest price the producer can get
for it It is not legal money in the United
States. Why should we sell it as cheap as pos-
sible any more than our cotton ? Foreigners
alone want and must have gold.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers during the past week has
been chiefly on the great
ENGLISH BREAKFAST
given by the
TYCOON BUSSELL
and the faithful report of The Revolution, is univer'
sally praised by all who had the honor to be present on
the occasion. In fact many brokers, bankers and specu-
lators are awakening to the lively sensation that The
Revolution is the only energetic and enterprising paper
in New York.
TYCOON RUSSELL
says that
womans rights and shylocks
are his platform, and he means to devote the balance of
his life to these great principles. There are a great
many disciples of Shylock, who were disappointed atnot
receiving an invitation to the
ENGLISH BREAKFAST, IN HONOR OF CHADWICK
AND SONS.
Among these we may mention
MR. E. G. BURKAM,
from Cincinnati, or porkopolis. This genius has the
control of about* $400,000, but to judge from his talk and
air, he owned the greater part of the Western counfry.
SHYLOCK BU/RKAM OF PORKOPOLIS.
in the height of the recent money stringency, loaned
from $800,000 to $400,000 to various stock brokers, and
told them that he was goiug to Chicago, and they might
have the money for some daysor until after the quarter-
ly Bank statement. They calculated accordingly, snppos.
mg that Burkam was a man of his word, but they were
doomed to disappointment, for this would-be
SHYLOCK BURKAM
called upon them for the money the next day. He then
held his cash for a very large commission, and after wait-
ing until the last moment for a number of days, or from
Thursday until Saturday of the memorable week, he
finally loaned it at the legal rate in currency. This
SHYLOCK OF PORKOPOLIS,
therefore, lost several days interest, and might have
made a handsome turn each day, but for bis greediness.
THE TYCOON RUSSELL
was aware of these acts and therefore did not invite
SHYLOCK BURKAM TO HIS BREAKFAST,
as he was not sharp, and not well up in the part of
TAKING THE POUND OF FLESH.
The brokers now give
SHYLOCK BURKAM
a wide berth, and the representative from Porkopolis Is
not so big a gon as he thought he was.
Among the parties delighted at The Revolutions"
report is
LORD CORNWALLIS, LONDON, ENGLAND,
as tiie beau-Brummeli of the Financial editors, and the
eminent
COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
as he delights to sign himself. The noble lord was all
around the street asking every one if they had read
The Revolution, and seemed much pleased at the
ARISTOCRATIC POSITION
he occupied at the Breakfast.
UNCLE DANIEL
has changed his opinion ot
LORD CORNWALLIS
since he has served him so faithfully during the money
stringency, and in fact up to the present time. The
dear creature writes from
MONDAY TO SATURDAY
in the same strain and continually cries down
ERIE, NEW YORK CENTRAL, HARLEM, HUDSON
RIVER, MONOPOLY, AND VANDERBILT,
and makes Uncle Daniel and his party the essence of all
that is good and virtuous in railway management. The
Lord has lately taken into his confidence
NAPOLEON BURR, UNCLE DANIELS CHIEF OF
STOOL PIGEONS,
and lunches and imbibes with him each day, and there-
fore his writings smack
VERY MUCH OF DREW.
There is no one more alive to this fact than
UNCLE DANIEL,
and the old man has changed his will, and left a hand-
some sum to
LORD CORNWALLIS,
which is to be dealt out liberally by the
HEBREW BOY, TOMMY WARNER,
when Uncle Daniel shall quit this weary world for the
blissful
REALMS OF PARADISE.
The talk among the Government brokers arouud
JAY COOKES CORNER,
is that
ALLEBDICE
is going to open a
DANCING SCHOOL,
in order to learn the boys to
DANCE THE CAN CAN,
when business is dull, and there is a hand-organ near
by.
HUMBERT, DOHERTY, FRANK, FANSHAW, KEENE,
CAPT. FISK,
and a number of others have joined, and it is said that
BHtNEY BALDWIN
is also to be one'of the scholars, and that the
GRAND DUTCH-SS VAN DYCK, TYCOON RUSSELL,
SHYLOCK DODGE, AND THE TREASURY BROKERS,
MYERS AND MGINNIS,
are all to subscribe for a medal, to be given to the most
expert
CAN CAN DANCER.
It is also reported, but as a great secret, that
PHILADELPHIA JOHN,
better known as John Pondis, has become infatuated
with the idea of a
BANQUET, BALL OR BREAKFAST,
and is going to give a magnificent


240
LAGER BEER BANQUET^
to the
GREAT GOVERNMENT DEALERS,
and the enterprising brokers who bull and bear the
GOVERNMENT CREDIT,
on Jay Cookes corner. This promises to be a grand af-
fair, and we understand that the table will be ornament-
ed with a magnificent
SALT PYRAMID.
While there will be likewise
STATUES IN SALT, OP JOHN PONDIR AND FRANK
PRATT,
the great projectors of the
LOUISIANA SALT SCHEME,
whereby so many people either made or lost money, in-
cluding the
GRAND DUTCHSS VAN DYCK,
and all the principal
GERMAN EXCHANGE BROKERS,
in Exchange Place. This will undoubtedly be the grand
treat of the summer season, and the government bro-
kers had better ask John to put their names down, or
they may he left out in the cold. The talk is about the
DESECRATION OF GOOD FRIDAY
by the Grand Duteh-ss Van Dyck ordering the govern-
ment gold brokers, the
AFFABLE PETE MYERS AND THE GENTLE MC-
GINNIS
to sell gold when the gold room and all the boards were
dosed in honor of the holy day consecrated by-the usage
of all Christians. The talk is that government does not
set a very good example to citizens by instructing its
brokers Myers and McGinnis to sell government gold in
Delmonicos public bar room on a Good Friday, that the
example is demoralizing the community and of a piece
with the Treasury Department practices of
PRINTING BUREAU CLARKE.
The talk is why does McCulloch sell gold at all with a
balance of $23,000,000 currency according to the public
debt statement of April 1st ? And why crowd sales on
Good Friday? The talk is that Myers and McGinnis
sold over $500,000 on Good Friday and
THE GRAND DUTCH-SS VAN DYCK
says government only sold $150,000 ; for whose account
then was the balance ? and the question is did
W. B. MOTT AND ROBINS POWELL AND COY
buy this gold back at a profit on Saturday ? The talk is
all about
PACTFC matt. GOING DOWN
with a run like Atlantic Mail, that Pacific Mail stands no
chance with
WEBBS OPPOSITION LINE,
that Webb owns twelve steamers which cost only about
$3,000,000 and ais expenses are nothing compared with
Pacific Mail. Webbs office expenses are only $5,000
while those of Pacifio Mail cost $150,000 per annum. The
talk is that
PRESIDENT MLANE
and his friends have sold their stock and have put out a
nice short line on which they expect to realize a hand-
some profit. The bain is that the
VANDERBILT CLIQUES
are waiting for the defeat of the Drew Erie bill to run up
Erie and. New York Central. The talk is that the only
safe railway shares to deal in are the low priced
WESTERN SHARES,
and that the banks and money lenders prefer them as
collaterals. The talk is about Einstein and Coy selling
at auction the securities of
T. a DURANT, VICE-PRESIDENT
of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, and the question
is what does it all mean ? The talk is about
LORD CORNWALLIS AND NAPOLEON BURR,
Drews prince of stool pigeons, and
SWEET WILLIAM MARSTON
says it is an even bet whether Lord Cornwallis makes
most out of Napoleon Burr or Napoleon out of the Eng-
ish Lord, but sweet William is rather inclined to back

Napoleon. The talk in the mining Board is about
the two Ds,
DE COMEAU AND DE CORDOVAQUARTZ HILL
jones and joness shadow
that made a visit to The Revolution. Uncle Daniel
says that he thinks he will make De Comeau one of his
Hebrew Trustees, because his 'refusing to pay when he
loses in this Montana affair shows that he understands
the great Wall street principle of
HEADS I WIN AND TAILS YOU LOSE,
and never paying when you lose, chips coming in and no
chips going out.' Hut Uncle Daniel says he cant let
THAT CRITTER DE CORDOVA
in for he aint smart, or he would have sold De Comeau
out under the rule, and turned him out of the mining
Board if he didnt pay before he got that injunction
from Judge Barrett and that a critter that cant take
care of himself; like De Cordova, cant be any Hebrew
Trustee for his synagogue. The mining brokers want
to know wbat has become of
JONES UP THE HUDSON
or Quartz Hill Jones and his shadow with the kid gloves
and stick and debilitated body. The talk is that
ALPHABET HUGHES.
has got an injunction on the Regular Board to pre-
vent its turning him out on the
obrien case,
and every body says it is a dirty business and he ought
to be expelled from the street as well as the Board. The
talk is that
jay cookes circulars
to their country friends bulling governments when the
New York firm was bearing them and charging % and
% percent, per day for turning them was an
APRIL FOOLS DAY JOKE
and that is why they dated the circular April 1st.
THE MONEY MARKET
was easy until Saturday, when it was disturbed by the
calling in of loans caused by the heavy decline in Atlantic
Mail from 86% to 22%, and the unsettled condition of the
Vanderbilt stocks, Hudson River having deolined 10 per
cent, on Saturday. At the close of Saturday, however,
money was freely offered at 7 per cent, in currency, and
the weekly bank statement'lnade a more favorable exhibit
than was expected. The decrease in loans and deposits
is about the same in amount, and the small increase in
legal tenders, $272,903, was unexpected.
The following is a statement of the changes in the
New York city banks compared with the preceding
week:
Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Legal tenders,
April 4th April 11th Differences.
$254,287,891 $252,936,725 Dec. $1,851,166
17,097,299 16,843,150 Dec. 753,149
84,227,108 34,194,272 Dee. 82,386
180,956,846 179,851,880 Deo. 1,104.966
51,709,706 51,982,609 Inc. 272,903
THE GOLD MARKET
was firm throughout the week in the face of sales of
about $400,000 to- $500,000 daily by government and
closed strong.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week
were as follows
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 4, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Monday, 6, 188% 138% 137% 137%
Tuesday, 7, 137% 138% 137% 138%
Wednesday, 8, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Thursday, 9, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Friday, 10, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Saturday, 11, 138% 138% 5 CD 138%
Monday, 13, 188% 139 138% 138%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was firmer, the leading prime banking firm asking 109%
for 60 days sterling bills and rates ranging from 109% to
109%, and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on Palis long
were firm at 5.15. The supply of commerciall bills is
light and rates are tending upwards.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was unsettled by the break in Atlanic Mail from 86% to
22%, and the decline in the Vanderbilt stooks, Erie, New
York Central and Hudson River. The Western shares
were, however, an exception to the general market and
are firmly held, more especially Fort Wayne, Michigan
Central, Illinois Central, Toledo & Wabash, and Mil-
waukee & St. Paul, common and preferred. The steam
ship companies shares were dull and heavy and were
pressed to sale. The .miscellaneous list is dull.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 46% to 47%; Boston W. P., 19 to 20; Cum-,
berland, 30 to 35; Wells, Fargo & Co,, 29% to 80;
American Express, 60 to 62; Adams Express, 65
to 65%; United States Express, 61% to 62%; Merohants
Union Express, 82% to 32%; Quicksilver, 33 to 24;
Mariposa, 4 to 7; preferred, 8% to 9%; Pacific Mail, 88%
to 88%; Atlantic Mail, 34 to 38%; W. U. Tel., 86% to
36% ; New York Central, 116% to 117; Erie, 69 to 69%;
preferred, 72 to 74; Hudson River, 127 to 123;
Reading, 88% to 89 ; Tol.W. & W., 48 to 49 ; preferred,
71 to 72; Mil. & St. P., 69% to 60; preferred, 72% to 73 ;
Ohio & M. C. 30% to 30%; Mich. Central, 113 to 114%*;
Mich. South, 88% to 88%; HL Central, 141 to 142; Cleve-
land & Pittsburg, 86% to 87 ; Cleveland & Toledo, 102%
to 102% ; Rock Island, 92% to 92% ; North Western, 62
to 62% ; do. preferred, 74% to 74% ; Ft. Wayne, 100% to
101.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are strong, with an advancing tendency. There is a
steady investment demand.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau st., report the following quo-
tations :
Registered, 1881, 111%to 112; Coupon, 1881, 111%
to 111%; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 104% to 104%; 5-20 Cou-
pon, 1862, 110% to 110%; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 108% to
109%; 5-20 Coupon, 1865, 109 to 109% ; 5-20 Coupon,
Jan. and July, 1865, 107% to 107%; 5-20 Coupon, 1867,
10-7% to 107% ; 10-40 Registered, 101% to 101% ; 10-40
Coupon, 101% to 101%; June, 7-30, 106% to 106% ;
July, 7-30,106% to 106% ; May Compounds, 1864, 118%:
August Compounds, 117%; September Compounds,
117; October Compounds, 116%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for tbe week were $2,137,616 against $2,561,928, $2,925,744
and $2,279,064 for the preceding weeks. The imports
of merchandise for the week are $4,522,237 against $5,701,-
225, $5.297173, $7,676,117 and $4,563,354, for the preced-
ng weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie* are $4,731,
689 against $3,996,447, $1,946,376, $4,052,946 and $2,574,-
845 for the preceding weeks. The exports of specie were
9891,807 against $1,281,052, $566,675, $275,502 and $1,096,-
916 for the preceding weeks.
TMSTEKN HYGEIAN HOME.
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
B. T. TRALL, M.D., \ physicians
ELLEN BEARD HARMAN, M.D.,) Wslcians*
This institution is beautifully situated on the Delaware
River, midway between Bordentown and Burlington.
au classes of invalids are treated on strictly Hygienic
principles. In the College Department patients and
guests have the privilege of hearing most of the lectures
of Professors Trail and Harman to the medio.al class.
City office No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York. Send stamp
for circulars.
Office, 861 West 34th street,
N. Y. Feb. 11, 1868.
MRS. C. S. LOZIER, M.D., dean of the
N. Y. Medical College and Hospital for Women
and Children, desires in this way to ask assistance from
any of our citizens, men or women, to purchase a desir-
able building and grounds in the upper part of this city,
offered to the Board of Trustees for $31,000. They have
about $15,000 of the amount. Any one able to help them
to secure this property either by donation or loan," with-
out interest, will forward a noble cause. Apply or write
to MRS. C. F. WELLS, Secretary of the Board of Trus-
tees, No. 389 Broadway, firm of FOWLER & WELLS.
JJOME INSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, $100,000.00.
OFFICERS.
D. R. ANTHONY, President,
F. E. HUNT, Vice-President,
A. D. NIEMANN, Secretary.
OFFICE-49 MAIN STREET,
Leavenworth, Kansas.


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