Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO. 16.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, APRIL 23, 1868. single$copy^cents.
Cbf %ro0litio8.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PIIiDSBCRY,
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 17).
1HE0D0RE DREAMING, WITH FLAG AT
/ HALF MAST.
Last weeks Independent, in a long column,
throws Mr. Chase overboard, clears the track
for Grant, and gets itself ready to wheel into
line with the multitude in the coming contest.
After the most unequivocal praise of the Chief
Justice, the President of the Senate, Sal-
mon P. Chase, after making a profound bow
to him in each of these capacities, admitting
thathis life-long convictions have been in
favor of liberty, justice and equality ; that he
holds to the civil and political rights of all
American citizens, without distinction of color
or sex, Mr. Tilton winds up by saying that his
advocacy of Mr. Chase for President now ends,
because he has reason to believe that he would
accept a nomination from the democratic
party.
In the beginning of the new year the Inde-
pendent unfurled its banner to the breeze with
universal suffrage for all men and women, of
every color and clime, inscribed thereon ; and
this has been the editors theme in all his ly-
ceum lectures during the past winter, thus
added to his personal admiration for the Chief
Justice. Mr. Tilton occupies the same political
platform with him, and that makes this sudden
divorce the more extraordinary, assuming
that the editor of a leading religious journal is
governed in all things by moral principle.
There has been a little game going on in
certain republican circles hostile to Chase, to
prove that he always was a good democrat, and
urging the democracy to take him up, thus to
get one stumbling-stone out of the way of the
Chicago Convention. The leaven, it seems, is
beginning to work, and the Independent rushes
bravely to the ramparts and hauls down the
flag for Chase ; but this act, by its own show-
ing, is by no means a logical sequence of its
estimate of the man. But, unfortunately for all
concerned, the wily democrats do not snap at
the bait, and the republicans, with their Chief
Justice, robes and all, are in as* great a quan-
dary as was the immortal Pickwick with the
horse he feared to mount. From the stand-
point of principle the question might be perti-
nent, why not follow a good man with the demo-
cratic party, rather than with the republicans
help to place a drunken soldier in the White
House ?
But, weary with the turmoil and disappoint-
ments of life, pur youthful editor concludes as
follows, and lies down to dream :
If at this late day it were not wholly useless to sub-
stitute another name, it might be the name of Charles
Sumner, or Schuyler Colfax, or Ben Wade, or Gen. But-
ler. But, of course, the Chicago Convention will go
pell mell for Gen. Grant. Nevertheless, we shall go on
dreaming our day-dream of the happy day when only a
great statesman shall be eligible to preside over the
Great Republic.'
This happy day is to be ushered in by teach-
ing the people how to choose their leaders;
that the best interests of the nation do not de-
pend on the success of any party, but on the
virtue and education of the people. Why go
pell-mell for Grant when all admit that he
is unfit for the positicn ? It is not too late, if
true men and women will do their duty, to
make an honest man like Ben Wade President.
Let us save the nation. As to the Republican
party, the sooner that is scattered to the four
winds of Heaven the better. If those who
speak every week to 75,000 subscribers dream
when they should be wide awake and at
work, a Great Republic to preside over will
soon be a dream also. e. o. s.
ANNA WIDE AWAKE WITH BANNERS
FLYING.
The heroic young orator, Anna E. Dickinson,
spent several hours with us last week on her
way to Western New York to fill a series of en-
gagements, and promises us a day or two on
her return.
The severity of her western work compelled
her to rest a few days at home, but we are happy
to say she is now herself again, and fulfilling
her remaining appointments. We found her
as earnest, prophetic and inspirational as ever,
having no faith in Grant or the impeachment
of the President by the republican party. This
intuitive girl sees through all the political shams
now going on at Washington. It may be well
to delude~ the peopIjE, groaning under the
effects of war and taxation, with the idea that
this trial is to bring them some relief; but
those who see behind the scenes know that our
present leaders have no appreciation of the na-
tions danger, or care for the necessities of the
laboring classes,
The tyranny of capital and the narrow sel-
fishness of the monied classes reveal a more
hideous type of slavery than that of chattelism
on the Southern plantation.
THE RADICAL IN A FOG.
The Radical, reviewing Gail Hamiltons
Womans Wrongs, a Counter Irritant, says :
Our author has the rare merit of seeing both sides of
a question, and having maintained most valiantly the
right of woman to suffrage, she has the good sense to
see and the fairness to allow, that the possession of the
ballot will avail hut little lor the purposes which it is
expected will he accomplished by it. For the admission
of woman to the polls will not change the character, hut
only the volume of the vote upon any given question.
Patrick may bring Biddy, his wife, to counterbalance
Mrs. Percy Howard, and if there is any advantage, it
will he on the side of Patrick, as the Biddies will be
more easily led en masse than the more cultivated Mrs.
Howards.
People who see two right sides to a question
generally fail to see either side clearly. All
questions of importance, such as relate to hu^
man rights, are so perfectly clear to those who
see them at all, that both the right and the
wrong side stand out in bold relief. It seems
to us that neither Gail Hamilton nor her reviewer
comprehends the deep significance of this ques-
tion of universal suffrage. In reading this
book we were struck with its weakness the mo-
ment the author lost sight of Todd and under-
took to reason. Like the cat with a mouse, she
was wide awake and intensely active until her
victim was no more ; then came a reaction that
left her foggy and dull through many interven-
ing pages, until at the close she awoke from
her nap and ascended into the higher realm of
prophesy and speculation. After boldly assert-
ing womans right to suffrage, we were sur-
prised at the flippant way in which she dis-
posed of womans duty and dignity in the exer-
cise of their political rights. After annihilat-
ing the Rev. Todd and clearing the battle-
ground of all the trash and rubbish of ages,
instead of rebuilding on the spot some marble
pillar to the new idea, she sits down beside the
dying Todd and confesses that although she
has pierced him through and through to main-
tain womans right to suffrage, yet its value in
the regeneration of the race is not worth the
strength she had spent to prove it. She was
stung to action by Todds insults to her sex.
These she felt, but she did notperceive that whac
Todd said was the logical sequence of just
such a public sentiment as she herself echoed
in her foggy presentation of what her reviewer
calls the other side of the question. The
strongest way to maintain a right is to show
the damage done in its denial. Now, if woman
would notuse the ballot, and be none the better
for its possession, why contend fot the right ?
Why contend for the right to embrace a wolf
when it would be folly or death to exercise it?
The admission of woman to the polls will
essentially change the character of our legisla-
tion, because then we shall have both the male
and female idea represented in our laws and
government. Force and selfishness will be in-
corporated with ,the higher, purer principles of
love and sacrifice. Biddy will counterbal-
ance with her loving mercy the stem justice of
Patrick, and Mrs. Percy Howard, being a
strong-minded, conscientious woman, will love
her country as well as ner household, and will
feel the deepest interest in clearing up the
great wilderness of life, in plucking the thorns
from the ten thousand paths where her sons
and daughters are soon to tread. When woman
understands that all the abominations she sees
at every turnthe rum hole, the brothel, the
gambling-saloonare subjects of legislation to
be voted up or down, what stupidity to sup-
pose that she will not gladly use her vote to re-
move temptation from the way of those she
lores. Give us the right, gentlemen, and we


242 -
will soon show you what class of women will
govern this nation.
Nor will female suffrage affect the question of female
labor. For the prices of labor must follow the laws of
trade, and with theso voting has nothing to do. But
oould legislation regulate the wages of labor, is there
any reason to suppose, our author inquires, that woman
would be more disposed than man to pay higher wages
to women? Every one who has traded much with wo-
men will join in her I fear not.
Legislation, war, taxation, nothing to do
with the laws of trade! We recommend Gail
and her reviewer to a deeper consideration of
this whole question of political economy, and
they will find that* the political status of the
laborer has a good deal to do with his work mid
wages. The ballot in the hands of the southern
laborer changes the law of southern trade. In-
stead of the lash for his unrequited toil, he to-day
works for wages, and makes his own contract.
With the right to all the offices under govern-
ment, to the colleges, law schools, theological
seminaries, medical schools and hospitals,
which the ballot gives, who does not see that
the ranks of school teachers and sewing women
would be thinned out at once, and the wages of
those who remained necessarily increased ?
Whatever women might do for each other, the
laws of trade wall secure equal wages to all not
depressed in the market by artificial conditions.
What gives point to the strikes of working
men? The ballot that lies behind them. Why
are laborers more dignified in this country than
in the Old World ? Because they have a voice in
the government with the ballot they hold in
their hand, the key to all the advantages and
opportunities of life.
Nor will the right to suffrage raise woman in the social
scale. The intelligent, cultivated woman, stands no
lower in. her own eyes or in the eyes of men, because of
her political disability. The frivolous and vain would
not be elevated were the disability removed. The first
does not need the ballot as an incentive to exertion and
self-culture ; and ii the exciting questions of the times
fail to arouse the apathy of the latter, it is to be feared
that going to the polls would prove insufficient. Mobs
and rowdies have always voted, and are mobs and row-
dies still. The suggestion of the fat offices which the
possession of the ballot would open to woman, Gail re-
pels with an indignant Get thee behind me,-Satan.'
The right of suffrage simply represents the
divine id eh of equality, taught in our new re-
ligion by Jesus, and echoed by the fathers in
the theory of our government.
The moment you disfranchise any class you
make an invidious distinction that degrades
those thus ostracised, not only in their own
eyes, but in the eyes of those in the superior
position.
If women are not degraded in the eyes of men,
how shall we account for the insulting laws on
their statute books, their interpretations of
Holy WritforTodds pamphletfor their treat-
ment of our famous sculptor, Harriet Hosmer,
who knocked in vain at the doors of their col-
leges for a course of lectures on anatomyfor
their insolence to Dr. Mercy B. Jackson, in de-
nying her the right to become a member of the
Homoeopathic Association of Physicians in
Boston? Surely, these are not evidences of
mans respect for woman. And if there are
women in this nation who, knowing all these
things, can read Coke, Blackstone, Story
and Kent, without feeling the degradation of
their whole sex, without an honest burst of in-
dignation, we say they are lacking in the essen-
tial elements of true womanhood.
As to Gails Get thee behind me, Satan,
we ask, would you rather be mistress of some
fashionable roue, and live on his bounty, or
postmistress on $5,000 a year, and live on your
own industry, in virtue and independence ? It
is as honorable to serve the nation faithfully as
it is the family and the homeno more, no less.
e. c. s.
WHAT THE PRESS SAYS OF US.
From the New York Citizen (Miles OReilly).
BBAINS, BONNETS, BABIES AND BALLOTS.
It will be an important step in the progress of so-
ciety when women arrive at that state of mind which
will induce them to pay more attention to their brains
than to their bonnets, and to give more thought to their
babies than to ballots. There is scarcely a doubt that
the prevailing passion for fashionable display in dress
absorbs much of the time which should be devoted to.
the improvement of the mind and to maternal duties. It
has come to pass among women in our day, that the de-
mands of fashion are inimical to the moral obligations
imposed on the marriage state. The palpable duties of
maternity are ignored for the frivolous gratification of
frequenting the fashionable promenade in tigbt-fitting
dresses and costly bonnets. The substantial treasures
of the study are abandoned for the stupid frivolities of
the boudoir, and society in consequence is overwhelmed
with a nauseous flood of superficiality. It is idle to en-
deavor to conceal the vast amount of mischief effected
in the world by the inordinate love of display that has
grown up among uscarrying families down to ruin,
and causing them to neglect many noble and virtuous
duties.
Quite equal in its baleful effects on marital and social
obligations is the passion for enfranchisement, at pre-
sent animating the breasts of certain ladies with mascu-
line proclivities. It seem9 almost incredible that as a
matter of choice any woman should prefer the luxury of
wielding a ballot to that of nursing a baby. The most
potent source of woman's power is to be found in the
nurture and training of her children, and the influence
which a tame woman will never fail to exert over her
husband, her brother, or her friends. She will seldom
seek in vain for noble representatives in these if she
proves herself worthy of them. Then there are na-
tional considerations which the self-sacrifice of woman
should not permit her to overlook. The country needs
babies more than ballots, at time; especially when
we take into account our recent acquisitions from the
negro ranks. It is of infinitely more importance that
the ladies should have brains and babies than that they
should flaunt bonnets and ballots. What say those tal-
ented and progressive ladies, including Parker PiUsbury,
who edit The Revolution ?
Now, Miles, pray do not mix things np in
this unaccountable way. The strong and weak-
minded have each their idiosyncrasies. To
clear up your vision on this question, let ns
analyze and arrange for you the facts of life.
On one side behold ballots, brains and babies.
On the other, bonnets, balls, brocades, buchu
and barrenness.
The women who demand the ballot are those
who have brains and babies, who believe in one
husband ; in clean, comfortable, well-ordered
homes; in healthy, happy children, and in the
dignity and self-respect of those who serve the
householdwomen who do not follow fashion
or frivolity, but spend their leisure hours
in works of charity and reformin reading,
writing, Mid healthy exercise. Every woman
identified with our cause, except Susan B.
Anthony, is married ; nearly all have large fam-
ilies, and all alike are remarkable for vigor of
mind and body. These women dress plainly,
live simply, understand the science of govern-
ment, political and domestic economy, and are
at this moment the salt of the nation ; trying
to dignify labor and secure virtue, by urging on
all women the duty of self-support; trying to
purify and perpetuate the family relation, by
pressing on men a new code of morals; trying
to redeem the church by teaching practical
Christianity; and trying to exalt the state by
pressing on our statesmen the principles of jus-
tice and equality. Take a tour of inspection,
Mr. OReilly, into the homes and habits of the
strong-minded, before you again allow your
pen to lay at our doors any of the follies or
vices of that class of women moulded after mans
ideal.
Remember the supply is ever equal to the de-
mand. In the vice, vacuity and vanity of the
weak-minded women of our day, behold, oh!
men of therepablic, your own handiwork.
From the Convention-day Journal, St. Louis.
The Revolution.'This paper, devoted to Womans
Rights principally, is having good success. Probably
there are few Spiritualists but sympathize with and en-
dorse the views of its editors on the question of Wo-
mans Rights, and we are sure its largest patronage
comes from the members of our societies. Our lectur-
ers are the most eloquent agitators on that subject that
it has. A few of them make it almost a specialty, doing
great service in the cause.
Yes, the Spiritualists have done much to ad-
vance the cause of woman and every other
cause, by leading people to think and examine
for themselves. We have indeed a good list of
subscribers from St. Louis.
From the Newburgh Daily Journal.
The Revolution.We have received the four-
teenth number of this zealous and aggressive advocate
of Womans Rights. It is edited by Mrs. Stanton and
Parker PiUsbury, who battle away manfully for whit
they think justice requires to be added to the womanly
stature. Every aspect of the subject is treated with vig-
orousability, but, naturally, not always with discretion.
It is believed, by this school of reformers, apparently,
that their work is that of challenging public attention by
tbe boldness and audacity of their innovations and pre-
tensions,and not always to consider either the desirability
or feasibility of the reforms for which they demon-
strate. The consequence is that they often wound and re-
tard the cause they would advance. The Revolution,
however, furnishes its readers much that is valuable,
aud gives to the advocates of the doctrines which it es-
pouses the advantage of having them presented by able
writers and through a medium which must be recog-
nized as authority upon these matters. The Revolu-
tion also grapples With public questions outside of
those pertaining more especially to the rights and
wrongs"of woman, and discusses politics, finance,
and social topics, of every aspect.
If all tbese friends who criticise our mode of
warfare will wound the cause the same way
we do, we shall soon have the world ablaze on
the question. If you have any fault to find, tell
us precisely what it is. If there are any flaws
in arguments or principles, show them up. We
iiate geneialisms and mysterious warnings and
doublings.
From the Laws of Life, Dansvilte, N. Y.
The Revolution, is the name of a weekly paper
started at the beginning of this year, which advocates
educated suffrage, irrespective of sex or color ; equal
pay to women for equal work; eight hours labor, etc.
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the leading editor, is,
by native talent, education and experience, as compe-
tent to treat these subjects as any woman living, in this
or any other country.
From the Memorial and Rock, Plymouth, Mass.
The Revolution.'This sprightly paper, under
the management of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan
B. Anthony, is making quite a stir in journalism. It
discusses public matters in a spicy manner, aud proves
conclusively that for caustic sharpness and pointed pun-
gency, a womans pen full; maintains the reputation of
her tongue.
From the Schoharie Republican.
The Revolution. Principle, not policy, justice,
not favors. Men, their rights and nothing more: Wo-
men, their rights and nothing less. Such is the title
and such the motto of the organ of the Women's
Rights "party. It is sprightly, spicy and readable.
Edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Parker PiUsbury;
Susan B. Anthony, Proprietor.
- From the New York Atlas.
The Revolution exhibits pluck as well as ability.
The force and freedom with which it discusess topics of
vital importance, that are too often tabooed by false deli-
cacy, deserve the warmest praise.
The Revolution.A number of this paper has


|UV0tttti0tt. - 243
been sent to us -with a request for an exchange. We
cheerfully accede to this, inasmuch as-we desire, at
some future time, to discuss some of the objects which
the paper has in view. Wfl can only now say that it is
designed to aid in effecting a revolution in womans
present social and political condition, raising her from a
state of serfdom and dependence, and placing her in
civil and social equality with man. It is an able ex-
ponent of the ideas of the advance guard of female free-
dom. Its terms are $2 a year. Susan B. Anthony, pub-
lisher, 37 Park Row.
Discuss ? That is right, Leonard. Get your-
self ready armed and equipped with arguments
on the principle that taxation and represen-
tation are inseparable. Dont bring any old
prejudices into the arena. We long to discuss
this question of Woman's Bights, and, in fact,
all questions, with reasonable, thinking men on
their true merits. But dp you know we give all
our wit and wisdom to the world for the small
sum of $2.00? and we want the good women of
Warwick to help us swell our subscription list,
so that we can have some influence in the Presi-
dential election. We want to see if we cannot
have a man in the White House next time who
holds his animal nature in abeyance to the
moral. Let no drunkard again stand at the
helm of our government.
Prom the Troy Daily Times.
We are bound in all candor to say that The Revolu-
tion," Miss Anthonys Womens Rights paper, is a reada-
ble, well-edited and instructive journal. Mrs. Stanton
and Mr. Pillsbury are the editors, and they are certainly
( sharp and able writers. Their correspondence, too, is
spicy and interesting. The Revolution is a paper
of ideas, however impracticable they may be, and its
beautiful mechanical execution renders its appearance
very attractive.
Now, Mr. Times, no innuendoes. Tell us like
a man which one of our ideas is impractica-
ble. By faith shall ye remove mountains.
We believe it possible to end vice, misery and
selfishness on the earth, and to so educate the
race, that they will see the beauty and wisdom
of all God's laws, and by bringing themselves
into harmony with them, secure health and hap-
piness, peace and good will to all men.
From the Peoples Weekly, Washington.
We have received TheRevolution, with request
please notice and exchange."
At a hasty glance we see some good and correct ideas
in The Revolution," but its main ideathat the
Creator made a mistake in the relations he established
between the sexesis one we are not prepared to ac-
cept.
Put on your spectacles and read us over
again, and you will, find that we believe the
laws of the Creator wise, good and immutable.
Par be it from us to rfiake Providence the pack-
horse for all mans follies and weaknesses. It is
the laws of man and not of God that we ar-
raign before the judgment of the world. Our
main idea, equality, was endorsed by the
Fathers of 76, find by the gospel of Jesus, 1800
years ago, and we are sorry for the man not yet
prepared to accept it.
From the Winsted Herald, Litchfield, Conn.
In our list of exchanges are many welcome visitors,
and though comparisons are said to be odious, we pro-
pose to he a little odious, and say that The Revolu-
tion compares very favorably with any of them. Mrs.
E. Cady Stanton is the chief spoke' in The Revolu-
tionary wheel, and Mr. Parker Pillsbury is chief of
staff. We suppose Mr. P. P. is attached to The Revo-
lution not so much to strengthen the cause of Wo-
mans Rights (though he does strengthen it), as it is
handy to have a man in the house. We are not pre-
pared just now to wage efficient warfare for Womans
Rights, because we have not made the subject a study.
Our labors have been confined to the rights of men and
humanity in general, hut we offer <( The Revolution
the right hand of fellowship, and gladly accede to her
all that she ought to have. We are not prejudiced in
favor of class, caste or sex, and shall always labor for
the rights of at.t. the people, which we know they do
not now enjoy. If the women of Connecticut had ex-
ercised the right of suffrage on Monday last, we should
not now blush with shame to think that the sham dem-
ocracy have elected their State ticket, when nearly
double their entire majority was given by the. purlieus
of New Haventhe Five Points of New York. We hope
The Revolution will never go backward.
Onward is our motto. We hope you will
prepare yourself at once to wage efficient
warfare for Womans Bights. With your faith
in what women might have done in the late
election in Connecticut, it is evident you are
almost persuaded to be a Christian. There
is nothing surer than that our political world
will be purified and exalted when the moral
power of woman is infused into its life and
legislation. If you had invited half a dozen
eloquent women to stump your State you might
have carried the election.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
Mr. Pillsbury : In reading What the Press Says of
Us," in your eleventh number, I said to myself, Why all
these differences? The Revolution is a host in
itself ; why should it be so troubled at a Mordecai in the
gate? Suppose that certain papers do ignore it, will
not shake hands or speak its name ;" it cannot be ex-
pected that all of us will see things exactly from its
standpoint. I know there are many from, whom you
have not received one word of encouragement, who re-
joice exceedingly in the truths yon utter and in the
number of your readers.
Had The Revolution" had its birfh in a manger
or in a garret, it might have been looked upon with less
suspicion; but it came from less humble quarters, and
so strangely swaddled in parti-colored webs, and her-
alded with so much rodomontade that it disgusted good,
staid, discreet reformers. I acknowledge to being my-
self as much troubled as others, especially about the
Conventions, and one of the speakers nominating him-
self for the Presidency, and all that fustian ; but an soon
as it got breath and voice t6 speak, and fully assert
itself, I recognized its tone as the genuine inspiration of
truth and justice. It came to my ear as clearly as the
sound of the bag-pipe to the ear of the Scotch woman
at Lucknow.
Had I not written you, and I certainly should not, but
for a personal acquaintance, yon would have imagined
mefor I am one of the Standards subscribers look-
ing dark and sullen, pouting, thumb in mouth," to
think that an advance guard had got the start of us.
You see how much mistaken you would have been ;
just so, doubtless, you misjudge others. Let the
honor of thy neighbor be to thee like thy own," is an
old Talmudic proverb. We are great only when we are
generous and just^ when we can forget, and rise above
the petty causes that sting the soul, and remember only
the sacredness of our missioneducating woman into a
nobler womanhood, and trying to bring up the nation to
a higher nationality.
Again, if any paper advocating any branch of reform
shall have a meagre subscription list, thus showing that
the people do not appreciate or feel their need of it, it
should be cause for deep sorrow, rather than occasion
for an ungracious fling. Suppose it does not embrace Wo-
man Suffrageis that the Procrustean bed upon which
everything is to be stretched, whether organized for
that, 'or for some other specific object ? You and I re-
gard Woman Suffrage as one of the living and most im-
portant issues of the day, and most energetically
should it be pressed at the present time, that reconstruct
tionmay be effected on a sure and safebasis. But oth-
ers who desire as earnestly as we the salvation of the
country and whose ideal of republicanism is as exalted
as our own, whose labors to that end, I feel that I do
myself honor by acknowledging with reverence, do not
appear to agree with ns. They must be governed by
their convictions, we by ours.
Your caustic criticisms of the standard-bearers of re-
form give pleasure, no doubt, to all their opponents,
from George Francis Train and the Cincinnati Inquirer
down to the boys in the debating societies at the four
comer settlements. Probably some rally around you
now, attracted mostly by the castigation of these people
whose lives and whose publications have been to them,
in time past, a continual reproach.
All I have to say is this: Do not regard those as ene-
. rules who have not given you a cordial greeting, nor
tbose as your best Mends who have. Time will demon-
strate in which class our principles take the deepest
root, and bear the fairest fruit. It is not easy to win
men from the shrine of beauty and fashion, from the
mire of sensualism, and enlist their influence for t .o
elevation of woman. It is not easy to inspire women
with independence to Wlatm more freedom, a larger,
fuller, and better life, else yon would hear not one, but
many voices, from Fifth Avenue, and from every other
Avenue. But God be thanked for The Revoution,"
notwithstanding its strictures.
While writing the last sentence, number twelve came
to band, in which you say, No other journal in the,,
nation now exerts a more deleterious influence on the
cause of impartial justice and freedom, in proportion to
its circulation, than the AnH-Slaver-y Standard Worse
and worse 1 I see the argument that naturally lies be-
hind this statement. Its origin is in that theology which
says, the more moral the man the worse the man, unless
he be a Christian. The same idea has largely pervaded
our radicalism. How often have I heard that the re-
spectable hotel that dispenses a glass occasionally is infi-
nitely worse than the lowest, vilest groggery; and a very
plausible argument can be made in its defence.
On the same principle, that organ that claims suffrage
for one class, and not for all classes, has a worse influ-
ence than that paper which rejects and ridicules the
whole question of freedom and equality. I do not be-
lieve in the doctrine, and I never did- God speed you
in all that is good, and true, and noble, and save you
from marring the grandeur of your work by unneces-
sary friction. Truly yours,
3. Elizabeth Jones.
Long Eddy, April 7, 1868.
Mrs. Stanton : I am a thorough believer in
Womans Rights, am in sympathy with your pa-
per in general and many of your views in par-
ticular, and wholly second it in its determination
to elevate, dignify and raise woman to the true
place nature intended her to occupy as the equal and
loving partner of man. The sex to which we belong
needs only to adhere to the true delicacy of the female
character to be heard. While we yield to man the
strong attributes, and -consider the loving kindness and
gentle caie so many of us have experienced, we must
ask for and insist upon having our inalienable and natu-
ral rights. We must also show ourselves capable of ex-
ercising those rights before we are too persistent and
strong in our demands that they be accorded to us.
The history of nations shows us tbat to suddenly give
a people who have long been under the rule of tyrants
too great liberty, is simply to ruin them. We mu9t edu-
cate our sex up to their rights to make them capable of
exercising tbose rights, when obtained. We must in-
spire woman with a desire for equal rights, that she make
some struggle for it. The Greeks, the Romans and our
own people were better prepared to enjoy and maintain
their liberties by the sacrifices they made and the diffi-
culties they surmounted in their heroic struggle to ob-
tain them. Women, like generals, must win their way
from the ranks to the chief command. We, as women,
must show ourselves worthy; we must exhibit a strength
of character and a determination to be equal to the high
destiny we aspire to. But this cannot be done by sanc-
tioning such sentiments and reasonings as are found in
the number of The Revolution dated April2, en-
titled Mary WolstoncraftIs man the Natural Protector
of Woman ? and signed Marah. Speaking of the mar-
riage rite, Marah says: Marriage controlled by the
present rite is but legalized sensuality, the sad effects of
which are not only visited upon the unhappy wives and
mothers, but descend in two-fold degradation upon the
generations that follow. Humanity is groaning beneath
the corruptions and abominations practiced under the
sanction of rile recognized by law. Woman would cry
out against these abominations if complaint in this
quarter were not so shocking and so odious to public
feeling. By whom and for what must tne holiest de-
partment of her nature be invaded? Twas a monster
whose name was Lust! and the 'possessor her natural
protector.
It is against such reasoning that I protest. I claim the
right, being the mother of six children, and having lived
fifteen years a wife, to cry out against such sentiments.
L who have borne my children, and worked hard to half
clothe and feed them, would now shield them from such
sickly sentimentality. Is the * holiest department of a
womans nature" too holy to he invaded by her hus-
band? Is a husband who loves his wife, and nature in-
tended he should love her, a monster whose name is
Lust? If so, shall we do away with the terrible rite
and imitate the Oneida, Community t Are we too good


24 ):
lU
for this world beoauso we are women? and are men too
bad for us to marry because they are men ?
This, too, may seem bold handling of subjects foreign
to womanly delicacy; but it seems a time to speak
plainly, but no time to put forth views like these quoted
from Marah.
The healthy-minded matrons of the land, who have
lived for years in the married state, who have reared
families, and who love and respect their husbandswho
love and respect them for their manly qualities, and be-
cause they are their husbandwill never tolerate such
sentimentality.
The world does not need Aurora Leighs like this :
I would not be a woman like the rest,
A simple woman, who believes in love,
And owns the right of love because she loves,
And, hearing shes beloved, is satisfied
With what contents God : I must analyze,
Confront and question ; I must fret,
Forsooth, because the month was only May ;
Be faithless of the kind of proffered love,
And captious, lest it miss my dignity,
And scornful, that my lover sought a wife
Touse;tou3e! But as time made
Her changed since then, changed wholly ;
For, indeed, if now youd stoop so low to take
My love, and use it roughly without stint or spare,
As men use common things with more behind,
(And in this case would be more behind)
To any mean and ordinary end,
The joy would set me, like a star in heaven,
So high up
I should shine because of height,
And not of Virtue.
The sacredness of the marriage relation is the foun-
dation stone upon which the whole fabric of society
rests. Clothe woman with official dignitygive her
equal lights and the ballot, and after all the brightest
jewels in her crown will be her children, and her noblest
deeds will be the fulfilment of her duties as wife and
mother. While we strive to win equal rights for wo-
man, to make her independent of man pecuniarily, and
opeu for her a way to gain an honest and respectable
livelihood by the exercise of her God-given faculties, we
must stand fast by the principles upon which the hap-
piness of society rosts, and fit her to become also a good
wife and mother. With a God-speed to your cause,
O. M.
Marah is right about the marriage riie. It
confers ho authority to violate the higher laws
of nature and of God. And It was to vindioate
those laws that Marah wrote. Had marriage
no higher sanction, no holier bond than the
legal rite, we might go to Oneida Community
indeed. It was marriage, controlled by the
present rite, which was under criticism.
' p. p.
WOMAN AS A MENDICANT
Well Mrs. Stanton permit a few words added to her
able reply to Mi*. Cronyn on that subject ?
We repeat it respectfully and deliberately, there is
one greater beggar in the world. It is woman as she is
represented by the conduct of the pending issue.
Mr. Cronyn, I assert respectfully and deliberately
that man, by his law of force, has made woman
one gnat beggar in every sense of the word.
He has deeded to himself. woman, her children,
her earnings, the earnings of her children, and
the earth beneath her feet. He has maintained these
usurpations by the strong arms of civil and monetary
power. According to Alexander Hamilton, and to the
general facts of experience, the assumed right of man
over womans subsistence gives him the right over her
whole moral being.
Womans apathy and want of self-respect are the
result of her past condition and treatment at the hands
of men, a condition for which man must be mainly re-
sponsible, because he has been the ruling power of the
world. Responsibility implies ability or power. Mans
greater physical strength, mental ingenuity and over-
reaching shrewdness, (not depth or wisdom,) have given
him the ability to rule over woman and to treat her as
an inferior, thus destroying her self-respect and stulti-
fying her intellect, thereby rendering her apathetic, be-
cause ignorant as to her real position in the social fabric.
The greater guilt and blame of any wrong must always
rest with the most responsible partywith the party in
power under which the wrong exists ; but, Adam-like,
Mr. Cronyn throws the greater guilt and blame of wo-
mans unjust position upon herself; as if she would, if
left free to act, be unjust to herself. Mr. Cronyn ought
to know human nature better than that.
The past has been an era of masculine supremacy and
responsibility because of mans greater brute force and
superior skill in the arts of labor, which he possesses
because he lades the powers of maternity. In the now in-
coming and future era of the world, in which reason,
justice, wisdom and love are to be the governing, con-
trolling powers, perhaps woman is or will be the most
responsible party, as she certainly possesses a much
greater power of human love, and, after all that may be
said to the contrary, love controls humanity. The intel-
lect instructs the powers of the soul, but does not con-
trol them. In the past, humanity has been ruled by that
masculine type of love which might better be called
lustchiefly by the lust of power.
Woman is fully equal to wipe out the degradation and
shame that she has no opinions of her own ; the only
trouble is that men are not just enough to give us credit
for our opinions. I think that any man who reads
The Revolution, or Mrs. Willards Sexology, will be
obliged to confess, at least to himself, that some women, do
have opinions of their own, though the number may be
small; perhaps as large, however, as the number of in-
dependent,"thinking men.
. I would recommend Mr. Cronyn to read Sexol-
ogy a book in which all the knotty questions of sex
are carefully weighed in the scales of natural law.
Mr. Cronjn seems to imagine all womankind asleep,
except about half a dozen champions who are bravely
fighting her battles for her. Doubtless he would be
very much astonished to knowhow many wide-awake wo-
men there are throughout the country, though they do
not crow to let the world know it. They are too busy
scratching for themselves, or their children, to make any
public demonstration. Men think women very apathetic,
because they do not make as* much noise and fuss about
their condition as.men would under similar circumstan-
ces. Women are generally very quiet before the most
important and trying event of their lives, but when the
trial comes, they are usually found equal to the emer-
gency. When the real maternal birth of Freedom comes
to society, there will be found wide-awake women
enough to take care of the child without getting men to
rode its cradle. I also believe there will be found
enough good physicians (real statesmen, not politi-
cians) who will be ready to help the woman with her
child.
After all, let us thank Mr. Cronyn sincerely for his
MendicantWomen, with its manly sympathy and
help. His war cry, Womans apathy, is needed and
will do good, tnough its answering reverberations may
not reach the public ear to-day; hut when the right time
comes, society will feel the power of her wide awake
answer. e. o. g. w.
PROSTITUTION.
New Yore, March 24, 1868.
Editors of (he Revolution:
In your edition of the 19th inst., you unjustly attack
the intents of the law introduced by Mr. Brush for the
suppression of prostitution. The title of the bill, how-
ever, Is a misnomer. It should read for the regulation
of prostitution. The penalties imposed are intended to
act against those who keep unlicensed houses' of ill-
fame. The experience of the world for thousands of
years past shows the absolute inefficiency of all laws for
the suppression of the demi-monde. Under the unli-
censed system, disease the most dreadful in its present
and future effects must continue to prevailthe 'sins
of the father being visited upon his descendants, even
unto the tenth generation. It is idle to attempt wholly
to extinguish the social evil. We may regulate, and ul-
timately greatly abridge its influence. I believe with
you that, give woman the elective franchise, make her
the political equal of man, she would not be the
mere toy she now is. She would be courted for her vote,
loved, and feared, loved for her virtues, and feared by
the evil-minded. She would be a power in the land,
her usefulness extended, and the vice which now con-
sumes humanity so fearfully, be checked.
You say that the law I have alluded to is a disgrace to
the humanity of the 19th century, that we engraft on
the young republic the refinements of vice from the ef-
fete civilization of the old world. Not so. Their older
experience in this matter has taught them the necessity
of just such laws. I think that when women adopt pros-
titution as a trade, a sole mode of procuring a living, they
should be compelled to accept the consequences, such^as
this law contemplates. With men it is an Occasional
crimecannot from the nature of things be his trade or,
mode of living. I do not intend to justify man in his
brutality ; but you should look facts in the face, just as
they are. This law (if enacted), as it would limit the
spread of a horrible disease, even as a sanitary meas-
ure it should be insisted upon, A more careful reading
of its provisions will show you that it is not inconsist-
ent; that it is intended to legalize prostitution, and
fine only those who keep unlicensed houses. The
almost absolute dependence of woman on man is the
main cause of prostitution, and 1 firmly believe that give
woman the right to vote and this crime would rapidly
decrease. > A Subscriber.
A MOTBER TO A DAUGHTER.
no. rv.
The subjeot of dress is a momentous one for women.
It occupies the lives of so many sensitive ones, that it
needs to be handled very tenderly. But let me give you
some of the objections to the.ordinary style of womans
dress.
First, It restricts the development and activity of the
body.
Secondly, Is Inappropriate to a sense of use.
Of the first objection, we are all of us sad witnesses,
in our persons. To satisfy yourself of the second, you
have only to put on trailing skirts and endeavor to
walk unimpeded for ten mluutes around the house and
yard. You cannot go up a flight of stairs with both
hands filled, nor go down the same without sweeping
every step, nor bend or stoop without finding yourself
entangled in flowing robes that grow more and more
soiled by every motion. Can you move lightly, rapidly,
gracefully ? Are not your senses kept constantly on the
alert to prevent accidents mid exposures ?
I will not speak of the immodesty of long skirts as a
habitual dress, since Mrs. Grundy reddens with shame
in one season at what she declares so elegant and stylish
the next; proving that much of the article in vogue
called modesty is a mere sham. As if modesty consists
in keeping the ankles covered, mid being terribly scan-
dalized at the mere mention of the word legs, while
fashion sanctionsnay, requires the wearing of very low-
necked gowns in full-dress. And you will Observe
that persons who are the greatest sticklers for points of
etiquette, and who are shocked at any allusion to the
facts or processes of nature which are intimately con-
nected with our well-being, are ever least occupied by
lofty purposes and useful ends. As a matter of neat-
ness the long skirt in anything but a full dress, should
be abominated by every woman.
There passes by as I write, an elegantly-clad female
allowthe word, Idonotknowthat she is a full-grown
womanwho trails her costly moire-antique a full yard
over the mud and filth of the pavement. Her attire is
otherwise faultlessly neat, but what of that mop, follow-
ing her like a Nemesis to her own chamber, after hav*
ing bedraggled her ankles and half-ruined an expensive
garment.
We are a beauty-loving race. Would that we always
remembered that the beautiful must be fit and appro-
priate ; that to be otherwise destroys the first conditions
of its existence. Then we might hesitate a little beiore
adopting modes which frequently originate among a
class of ladies who would not be recognized by their
servile imitators, and who only serve to show how terri-
bly the woman nature may be perverted.
To l ealize how enfeejbling are long skirts, imagine a
mnTij condemned for some crime, to wear our costume.
Where would be bis activity, his unconscious enjoyment
in the use of his limbs, his fire, energy and health ?
Would he not pine down to a puny, nervous, fine-lady
creature, if he survived his punishment ?
Now, my daughter, I would not have you don an ec-
centric dress for rowdies to hoot at as you pass; but I
would have you discard any style that helps to fetter,
and welcome everything that tends to liberate.
Dress is one of the best means of indicating charac-
ter and individuality within our power. The dress of the
sexes varies, and each should express something of the
distinctive features of the manly and womanly nature.
Men, strong, slow, and by their build suited to works of
exposure and strength, wear plain, strong, simple suits;
while woman, more delicate and rounded, needs grace-
ful, flowing robes, softer materials and a greater variety
of hues to suit her flexible nature.
But when dress becomes an encumbranoe, bandaging
the body and swathing the limbs, preventing freedom of
exercise and locomotion, we become bondwomen, in
stead of queens over the forces of life.
Ought we ever, my child, to be enslaved by anything


that oramps the freedom of the soul, playing, as it does,
through our finely constituted organisms ?
We should make the material world our tributary, and
stamp ourselves upon everything with which we come
in contact. Beautitul fabrics, fine and many colored,
sympathizing with every mood of soul or of nature, it
is our right to wear. And it is well to iashion them
tastefully, and let the artistic faculty have play in har-
monizing and combining ; always keeping in view that
the raiment is secondary to the person, and the person
to the soul within, that longs to translate its every im-
pulse with grace and comeliness.
. The dress, then should, be a part of ourselves, worn,
I could almost say, religiously, as a sincere exponent of
what we feel to be appropriate and pleasing. Measured
by this standard, how arbitrary and unmeaning are
many of the styles that live out their brief lives on the
backs of our sisters, ere the garments which gave them
birth are soiled. Let us hope that American women
wili, ere long, have the independence to exercise their
own taste and common-sense in their apparel. They
will, when a sufficient number perceive the true rela-
tionship between the inner and the outer life.
I have endeavored to impress upon your mind the im-
portant truth that every habit and every surrounding
influences the spirit. Everything that fetters'or misdi-
rects the body through which it acts, is an evil; so you
see that it is of vast importance to our spirits that our
dress should be true to our best conceptions of the use-
ful and the beautiful.
I know you object to-the American costume, and no
wonder, for it falls far short of the requirements of
beauty. It arose as a protest against the physical slav-
ery of woman, and was valuables showing that we de-
manded to be unswathed and put upon our own feet.
And whenever you hear a man railing at short dresses,
and deprecating any change from the good old days
when we were vines and they were oaks, be sure he is
not a man to be trusted, not one to love and revere the
true woman, or else be is most shallow and heartless,
and for these two classes you care little.
The man who thinks of these things to any purpose,
is eager to raise his wife and daughter from the thral-
dom of swaddling bands.
There are signs of a healthy reaction from servitude
to fashion. There is more individuality in dress than
formerly, and the short street dress is a great step for-
ward. It so commends itself to the common sense of
women that it cannot soon be spared. For a home and
exercise dress, the gymnastic costume, introduced by
Dio Lewis into his classes for Physical Culture, as well
as in a class that has been taught for several years by a
noble woman of the city of New York, is steadily gain-
ing favor as most convenient and healthful. None ad-
mits of greater variety of material or trimming. The
waist is first noticeable. It is long, loose and perfeotly
adapted^to give every muscle full play and let the
lungs have room to expand.
In concluding the letter, but nob the subject, I would
ask you to consider that every struggle of humanity is
toward a better form of existence.' And we must toll on
with our fellows, examining every reform to see if it
does not contain the germ of some great good.
I slept and dreamed that Life was Beauty,
I woke and found that Life was Duty ;
Was then thy dream a shadowy lie ?
Toil on, my heart, courageously,
And thou shalt find thy dream to be
A noonday light and truth to thee.
H. m. e, p.
New Brunswick, N. J., February, 1868.
TEE SOCIAL EVIL.
Editors of the Revolution:
In an article in The Revolution of the 19th inst.,
headed How Man Legislates for Woman at Albany,
you say, Yet it is nothing to virtuous, healthy, high-
toned women that men come to them from the by-ways
of vice, topoison the family purity and peace, to stamp
the scars of Gods curse on the brow of infancy, and
make lazar-houses of all our homes and you ask
equal protection for all the daughters of the State. The
daughters of our state should ieam to protect them-
selves. This they can do by rejecting and ostracizing
those whom they know to be libertinesmen who boast
of their successful amours and seductions. To my cer-
tain knowledge (the experience of a quarter of a century),
it is just such men that take the first rank in the best fe-
male society. As only one instance, I will mention, that
while residing in a flourishing village in the western part
of this state, I was introduced to a young gentlemen
who had distinguished himself by seducing a very rtf-
Mkt fUvtftutitiftt.
speo table young girl of the village, who became preg-
nane. This fact was-well known, as all such items are,
in country villages. It is true, the matter was compro-
mised by the payment of $100 to the injured party ; but
it is equally true that, from that time, he became the
hero of the village, his society courted by the finest
young girls of the place, invited to parties given by
the best society.
I would like to ask who are the firmest believers in the
saying that the reformed rake makes the best hus-
band? Most undoubtedly, Heavens last, bestgiftto
manwoman. Again, is not pride (and that of the
meanest kind) the besetting sin of American women?
How unwillingly do they engage in even honorable and
suitable employments, and how painfully does their con-
duct contrast with the German woman. She deems it
no disgrace to work, nor to indulge in habits of economy,
while with the American woman these two ideas of
Work and Economy are almost unknown.
When she marries, what is the motive? Is it from any
really honorable sentiment? Does she not first desire
to know whether she will thereby belter her condition,
the real meaning of which iswall she be able to spend
more money, be lazier, wear finer dresses, and make
her friends envious? To study her husbands happi-
ness, to practice economy, and to introduce it into the
family household, does not enter into her calculation.
What wonder, then, that men prefer to keep mistresses
rather than marry such unprincipled women? You may
say that I must be speaking of individual cases, and rare
ones too,but you are mistaken. Three-fourths of our wo-
men are here truthfully depicted. Yet l am no despiser
of womanno woman hater. The best type of human-
ity is revealed to me in the true woman.. Such a one I
can almost worship. Such are indeed rare, but they do
exist, even in these degenerate days. You can make
your paper more useful by seeking to dignify labor,
and by a little less denunciation of men.
Very respectfully,
A Subscribes.
RIGHTS MAE GIVES TO WOMAN.
Editors of Revolution:
When I see a poor washerwoman breaking her back
over the wash-tub, working faithfully a whole day and
getting twelve shillings m payment; and a great, strong
man with over so much more bacx and no more brains,
get two dollars and a half for holding a lamp while the
plummer blackens a lead pipe in a dark closet,and scrapes
stars and fancy devices on the pipe that are never to be
seen (the same plumber getting from three to four dol-
lars a day), then I want women to vote, that they may get
a better price for their labor.
I have had some interest in finding out the general
opinion of maw-kind (or unkind) on the subject, and as a
general thing I find he is willing to accord ber
The right to wake when hes asleep,
The right to watch, the right to weep,
The right to rise and light the fire,
The right to keep her needle by her,
The right his ancient clothes to mend,
The right his simplest want t attend,
The right to pleasantly construe him,
The right to bring his slippers to him,
The right to let bi-m make the laws,
The right to find no fault for cause,
The right to comfort his distress,
The right to wear her same old dress,
The right his every joy to double,
The right to save him every trouble,
The right to clothe and teach the young,
The perfect right to hold her tongue.
s. x,
TAKING TEE BULL BT TEE HORNS.
O! Pope Pio 1 Most Holy Father l thus your peo-
ple address you, as if you were the greatest God or good
of the Universe. Nevertheless, as our brothers are not
afraid to impeach our' President, let me presume to
tell you that you had better not meddle with female ed-
ucation ; not in this country, at least.
You say in-your bull that the advocates of female edu-
cation, etc., are seeking the corruption and ruin of reli-
gion, society and government. Did female education and
suffrage produce the social corruptions and governmen-
tal ruins of the past? Were female education mid suf-
frage responsible for the vices and corruptions of the Pa-
pal and Pontifical chairs, for the atrocities of the French
Revolution, and for our own terrible rebellion ?
Pope Pio, you are greatly mistaken as to our alms and
& 5
objects. Educated women, by the help of the ballot, in-
tend to reform and purify society, and to help establish a
government on a just, firm and lasting basis; a task
which your sex alone, whether as men or Christians, has
never yet been able to accomplish, and which, permit
me to say, you never can. Our religious, civil and gov-
ernmental affairs are as badly managed and as corrupt,
without the aid of true women, as would he our homes
and families without the true wife and mother.
e. o. g. w.
EXPERIENCES.
BY mss H. M. SHEPARD.
/ dwell amid the city,
And hear the flow of souls in act and speech ;
For pomp or trade, for merry-make or folly
I hear the confidence and sum of each.
And that is melancholy 1
Tby voice is a complaint, O crowded cityj^
As a director and worker in various benevolent so-
cieties, my attention was attracted to, and my sym-
pathies warmly enlisted in the trials of that class of
toilers known as sewing women. That there must
he much suffering among them was evident from the
frequency with which they wore forced to apply to the
benevolent for relief; but why this should be the case
with women who were so skilful with the needle that
they could almost always find plenty of work, was a
question that puzzled more than me.
In society meetings I have heard the subject discussed
over and over again, some attributing the evil to one
cause and some to anotherthe most frequent reason
given, being improvidence on the part of the women.
More than once I have heard applicants for help
reproved (by good, energetic directors who never had
occasion to earn a penny in their lives) for not laying by
in brisk times something tor the rainy day. And more
than once have! heard the word of women questioned
when they stated the prices paid for tbeir elegant handi-
work.
From forewomen and employers whom I questioned
I got but one reply, We pay whatever the work is
wortha fair price ior fair work, and a liberal price for
that which is superior. Any attempt to get at exact
prices was parried ; and the fact that their employees
worked for them year after year was given as proof of
the justice of their dealings. One seamstress with
whom I talked said, If you should tell my employers
what I have told you regarding the pay we receive, I
should be discharged, and poor pay is better than none.
You seei Mrs. S., they hold us in their hands.
All these things, together with the prospect of being
at no distant day thrown upon my own resources of
head or hcgids ftr support, led me to reflect more seri-
ously upon the evils to which these poor women were
subject, and the means by which they might be lessened.
Experience is a grand instructor, and there is no way in
which we can so well become acquainted with the con-
dition of any class of people as by identifying ourselves
as nearly as possible with them. It was in this spirit
and with this view, that, having in the winter of 1863 a
considerable portion of time at my disposal, I deter-
mined to place myself in the ranks of th e sewing women,
and endeavor to roalize their position.
My first essay was in one of the largest dry goods
houses in the city. I went to the shop-walker and stated
my errand, and was directed by him to the top floor of the
building. I bad never before been in a large work-room.
Since then Ihave been in many ; but as this one will serve
as a fair sample of the better class of work-rooms, I will
attempt a description. It was about 75 bylOO feet in size.
A space railed in at one end formed an office where
three men (two bookkeepers and a cashier) attended to
the accounts of the department. At a long tableinono
comer stood the forewoman and her assistants. Here
work was cut and stamped and given out, the sewing,
woman receiving a ticket with each parcel, which must
be registered with ber name and address at the desk,
and shown also to the porter at the door Up and down
tiie room on one side, arranged like desks in a school-
room, were fifty sewing-machines, at which women sat
sewing. On the other side were tables at which lace and
bead-workers, embroiderers and finishers, plied their
needles. Through the aisles walked two or three over-
seers directing the work and keeping order. The fore-
woman was engaged when I entered, and I had ample
opportunity to observe the room and its occupants.
The room was end i9 one of the best tor its purpose in
I the. city, well warmed, well ventilated, and well lighted,


26
Wit §*v*I*t!ftt
The firm are said, too, to be among the most liberal pay-
masters in the city.
While I was awaiting my turn to speak to the fore-
woman, a pale little Frenchwoman stepped up. and
opening a box displayed three babies hoods made of )ace
and embroidered medallions. The superintendent ex-
claimed, Ah, Madame Fossette, I am glad of these ;
the show-case is almost empty. Miss Reynolds, put up
half a dozen more caps for Madame. Now, my good
woman, get these in as soon as possible. Then, in re-
ply to something the woman asked in a low tone, O,
no indeed I that would never do. You know it is quite
contrary to our rules to pay for any work except on the
regular days. All work brought in before Saturday will
be paid for on the iollowing Tuesday. Get these in on
Friday if you can. The poor woman must have known
that appeal was useless ; for when her request was thus
decidedly reiused, she turned away without remon-
strance, but with a look of hopeless sadness in her face
that told a bitter story. It went to my heart with a
pang, and I followed her a few steps as she went to the
office, and requested her to wait for me in the vestibule,
as I wished to speak to her. On my return to the table
the forewbman said, apologetically, I am sorry J could
not let that poor body have the money, but it would not
answer. If we show favor in one instance we must in
another, and thus all system would be broken up. 1
wish 1 could have flavored her, for she is an excellent
hand, and I suspect is very poor. What can I do for
you, Madame? I wish employment, said I. In
what department ? In fine embroidery or braiding.
I am a skilful and rapid worker, and I showed her a
sample of my work in several styles of embroidery.
I will give you work, said she. Do you give refer-
ence, or will you leave a deposit ? After arranging this
she gave me a delicate merino morning dress to braid
and bead, saying she wished it done in my best style as
it was for the show-case.
In the vestibule I met Madame Fossette. We went
out together. In a few moments I had her story. Her
husband, a wood carver, had died a few months before.
His illness had taken the last cent, and she had parted,
too, with most of her furnitnre before be died. Since
then things bad gone from bad to worse, and now she
lived in a little room in the attic of a tenement
house in Avenue A, and supported herself and four little
children by her needle. How much do you get for
such caps as you took home just now? I asked.
Thirty-seven cents apiece, Madame, and I can hardly
make one a day. Is there nothing else you could
do ? Oh, yes, I could teach my language j I was ed-
ucated in one of the best schools in Paris ; but I am too
shabby to look for pupils, and my children are very
young to leave alone for so much time.
I asked permission to go home with her. I noticed
when we left the car how wearily she walked, and how
she toiled up the stairs that led to her attic, and the
thought 8truck me that may he she was exhausted from
hunger. She opened the door, saying : £ray, excuse
my poor home, Madame. Home 1 This wretched, ut-
terly comfortless place, with its broken windows, stuffed
with rags; its one chair and leafless table, its cracked
and fireless stove, its col-bed, with scanty covering, on
which huddled four little children, the eldest not yet
eight years old, and the youngest a baby of months.
Hardly was the door opened when their little tongues
clamored for food. I only waited to hear the mother
say : Mamma has no money, no bread, my pets, and I
was on my way to the street. Why did I not stop on my
way and get something ? In that freezing room I saw
four little ones actually starving to death. I ranI al-
most flew 1 It seemed to me as if I was in some way re-
sponsible for a state of things in which good women and
helpless babes were left to starve. In ten minutes a
sturdy porter was taking up a basket of provisions to
the little familybread was broken among them, and
soon a bright fire shone through the cracks of the stove.
I had provisions now and a fire, but there was no cook-
ing utensil in the poor womans possession, save a tin
cup out of which the children drank, and in which she
sometimes made a little cafe noir. Again I went out,
and returned with needful dishes. It was little to do
the whole outlay did not amount to $6but it put more
comfort into that little household than it had known for
many months. This was a hard case, but not by any
means a solitary one. This woman was young and
beautiful, and had been over and over again offered the
wages of infamy, which pays better wages than slop
work ; and she confessed to me that day, amid choking
sobs, that more than once she had begged for food for
her children, and that lately she had been sorely tempted,
for their sake, to choose dishonor rather than see them
starve. 1 could not see them die, Once I
bought some charcoal and thought I would end it all,
but my courage failed. Had not the good God sent you
to me this day I fear I must have given way.
You may be sure I did not lose sight of Madame Fos-
sette. Friends were found for her, and she was lifted
out of the depths into which she had been cast.
I worked faithfully on my wrapper four or five hours a
day, and finished it in seventy-two hours, or in a tittle
over seven working days. I took it to the marble pal-
ace from which I got it. My work was praised as su-
perior, and I was told that an extra price would be al-
lowed for it. My pass-book showed a credit to my name
of $3,75. More work was offered me, and I undertook
to braid a pique sacque for a child. The material was
thick and stiff, and very difficult to sew. I spent twenty-
four hours upon it, and received for my labor eighty
cents. I tried several other pieces of work, and found
that on no kind of sewing could I earn more than fifty
cents for ten hourslabor. I worked faithful^, saying
to myself: Do not lose a minute ; work as if you had
starving children to feed ; remember the rent is to be
paid, the coal is out, the babies are almost naked.
While in the employ of this firm, I made some in-
quiries, and found that the young men employed in the
work room received an average salary of $1,000 per year,
while their labor was in noway so arduous as that of the
forewoman, whose salary was $600.
Some weeks subsequent to these events I went with
some friends to this establishment to do some shopping.
In the centre of the department we were in, in a show-
case, was the wrapper I had made. At my suggestion
one of our party asked the price of it. $85, maam,
said the clerk. Is not that a large price ? asked my
friend; the material could not have cost over $20, and
the embroidery, I suppose, did not cost half the remain-
ing $65. The clerk replied : I assure you, Madame,
the robe is very reasonable. We bad it made after an
imported one, which was sold for $125, and we are
obliged to pay immense prices for this sort of work.
I thought this a good time to speak a word myself, so I
asked : Can yon tell us, sir, what you pay for such
work? We paid for this embroidery $35. Are
you quite sure of this ? said I; I have understood
that the poor girls who do this sort of thing get wretch-
edly remunerated. 0,1 assure you, said he I
know of what I am speaking. Our firm always pay lib-
erally for work. The young mans manner was rather
pert, and my indignation was rising rapidly every mo-
ment, but I replied quietly, You are quite mistaken,
sir, I made that wrapper, carrying nine strands of braid
about it, and working upon it over seven days, and yonr
liberal employers paid me just $3,75. I do not know
that you intend to deceive, but it will be well for -you
hereafter to be sure of your facts before you make
statements.
As my friends and I walked on up Broadway we had
some talk about the matter. They had not known until
I stated the fact to the clerk that I had done such work.
How came you to work for wages ? Were you not
ashamed? I had no idea women got so little for such
pretty work. I thought when w'e bought such work we
were helping poor women, and many a time I've made
it the excuse lor buying what I should otherwise have
thought extravagant were among the questions asked
and the remarks made.
I say here as I said then, women should no more be
ashamed to earn money than men should be. II money-
making is honorable for the one it is for the other. I
have earned money since I first came to appreciate my
duties as a womanhave earned it for loves sake to
help one who would have missed some oomfort of life
without the helpmeet; for examples sake, that I
might make the way a little easier for some who would
be influenced by my acts, and for needs sake also.
Genteel (I hate the wordl) women, by their horror of
useful, remunerative employment, do much to make
more difficult the way for women who must work or
starve, or do worse. If you would take a little pains to
inquire and look into these things, you would soon find
how truly the class known as sewing-women are to
be pitied, and would learn to* search them out and give
them the profits of their own labor, whioh now you put
into the pockets of their employers.
If you have no occasion, or do 'not choose to earn
money yourselves, do not, for humanitys sake, for Gods
sake, do not put a straw in the way of your striving sis-
ters.
Thbee professors in the Medical Department of the
University of Michigan, it is said, have resigned, be-
cause the homceopathists have been given privileges in
that institution. Were the souls of those men globu-
lar, like tbeir infinitesimal pills, possibly there would
be tittle difference between them. SimiliasimiliMs.
AN EAST WINE.
Editors of the Revolution :
By mere chance I met a notice ot The Revolution,
and am deeply interested to see it. Why has your paper
been unnoticed by the Anti-Slavery Standard t or have I
failed to see a notice ? I have read it carefully every week
without meeting even the name of The Revolution
in it. IJ your paper is Radical, if it is a truly living paper,
if it does not feel that one person is better than another,
I will help gladly wnat I can to support it There must
be high seasoning in it, or it will not suit my palate'. I
want a paper that dares strike at hoary wrongs ; that
dares call robbers, robbers, even if rich and riding in
chariots; and wolves, wolves, though in sheep's wool,
white cravats and pulpits, withal; and the claimants of
lands by thousands of acres, keeping them from many
thousands of human beings to whom they rightfully be-
long, piratesland piratesbad as any on sea. But
such a paper I do not expect to find .on. earth, unless I
start it myself. Onward, onward, ever l is the cry of
Yours, ever for the good mid the true,
Sewabd Mitchell.
We cant promise our old friend much in the
way of. calling names. With us words are
things. Robbery is committed by robbers ;
stealing is done by thieves ; oppression is the
work of tyrants, mid The Revolution calls
them accordingly.
A CHAPTER ON SCHOOL STATISTICS.
The Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public
Schools of San Francisco, for the year ending October,
1867, contains a good deal of interesting information, in.
eluding a table of the school statistics of thirty-nine of
the principal cities of the Union. Mr. Pelton, the San
Francisco Superintendent, says : These statistics are
obtained by letter from the superintendents of schools
in the cities named, and furnish a complete view of the
public schools in the leading cities of the country for
the years 1866-7. They were collected by the Super-
intendent of Public Schools of Detroit.
This valuable table (it is always an important item to
be able to place the finger on correct figures and author-
ities) gives, among other things, the average salaries of
male and female teachers in these thirty-nine cities, by
which we learn that female teachers, who, as a general
thing, command higher wages than women in other fields
of labor, are frequently not paid a quarter of the salaries
tliat men receive for performing the same duties, and
many times in a less satisfactory manner. Chicago pays
her female teachers the lowest salaries, some of them
receiving considerably less than a quarter the salary of a
male teacher. The highest she pays them is but little
more than a third the mans salary. The other cities
which may be ranked with this in the scale of female
teachers salaries, areRaoine, Wis. ; Lowell, Mass., and
Albany, N. Y., the latter paying a little more than a
quarter. The cities which may be ranked in the next
class, which pay their-female teachers considerably less
than a third of a mans salary, are the following, the
lowest salaries taking the precedence in the regular order
of the names, forming a sort of graduated scale of
meanness : New Brunswick, N. J. j Syracuse, N. Y. ;
Boston, Mass. ; Worcester, Mass. ; Grand Rapids,
Mich.; Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Kenosha, Wis. ; Rochester,
N. Y.; Bridgeport, Conn. ; Newburyport, Mass. The
latter pays just a third. The third and last rank (per-
haps I should have begun 'at the other end and ranked
these first) includes cities that pay women for teaching
a little more than half what they pay men. The first
two 'pay just half (that is, the average is just half), and
there is an increase with each succeeding name : New
York City j Terre Haute, Ind. ; Keokuk, Iowa; Mem-
phis, Tenn. j Davenport, Iowa ; Fort Wayne, Ind :
Dayton, Ohio. Thus we see by this continually ascend-
ing scale that Chicago, 111., is the lowest, and Dayton,
Ohio, the highest. On the Pacific Coast. San Francisco
averages just two-thirds, or a little more than Dayton ;
so she should bear the banner, I was about to say ; but
that city or state only which first pays equal wages
should bear the banner.
Mr. Pelton, in speaking of the table of statistics for San
Francisco, says:
Let the above table be carefully examined. It will
be seen tbat our rates of salaries for female teachers are,
as a rule, not more than they should with justice be
paidthey are not over generous ; but compared with
the most liberal rates of any other city in the eastern
states, or, perhaps, in the world, they appear extremely


liberal. I would also call attention to the rates of salaries
paid to our female teachers, as compared with those re-
ceived by our male teachers. And for the credit of our
Department and our city and state, I invite attention to
the proportion which these salaries of male and female
teachers bear to each other in our Department. Let
those interested compare the proportion they bear to
each other with that exhibited between the salaries of
male and female teachers in eastern cities. This com-
parison must satisfy all that in California the services of
our lady teachers are somewhat suitably appreciated and
rewarded. This cannot with the same truth be said in
reference to the annual compensation which our Board
awards to the gentlemen whom it employs. They are
not as well paid as they would be in New York or other
Eastern cities. In what other profession in our city
woiild a man of good ability and fair industry be
satisfied with $2,100 per annum ? # And yet what profes-
sion requires better talents, more varied learning and
constant reading and study, or a greater amount of in-
dustry and constant labor (and that, too, of the most
wearing and wasting character), than that of the faithful
teacher ?
Yes, why should men with broad shoulders and
sinewy frames subject their vigorous constitutions to
the harrassing labors, to the wear and tear of a teachers
life, for the paltry sum of $2,100 per annum ?
And why should not women with slender constitu-
tions and delicate nerves be glad and eager to accept the
same nerve-racking situation, for a third less pay ? But
this price applies only to California; for that El Dorado,
it seems, is the sole exception in all our beautiful ooun-
trythe only place where men are so extremely lib-
eral as to pay women for teaching only a third less
than fit ey do themselves. The rule is two-thirds and
three-quarters less.
Why should not women be glad to get these soul-har-
rowing situations for a quarter of the salary a man gets,
so long as there are a hundred applicants for every va-
cancy ?
* * *
What! Madam, did you venture to suggest that your
pay is not proportionate to your laborthat it is not
adequate to your wantsthat you have to steal time
from your studies to do your sewing and many other
things that your salary will not allow you to have done
that you hav£ to go through the storms of winter and
the heats of summerrise early and go to bed late, atfd
that your constitution is fast giving way under such in-
cessant toil and application ? Go 1 hide your ungrate-
ful head 1 And you receiving a full quarter the wages
that an able-bodied man gets 1 Where are your reason-
ing faculties ? or havent you got any ? Dont you know
that the three-quarters and two-thirds that are docked
off your and other female teachers wages go toward
compensating these able-bodied male teachers for the
trials and tortures they meet in their profession ? That,
although it costs no more to board and clothe a man
a woman, they require much larger salaries to supply
them with little luxuriesperhaps they might be called
necessitiessuch as cigars to soothe the nerves after a
tiresome day in schoollittle doses of bitters, or spine-
strengtheners, which brace up the spinal column, and
fortify them for tho vexations of the next day, and in
order to keep the run of the current literaturethe
books, magazines and papers of the dayl These, and a
good many other little items too numerous to put down,
require, as you see, quite a liberal salary. Nature never
made men with the powers for enduring trials and pri-
vations that she did women. They (men) have such a
superabundance of life and vitality that will not be re-
pressed, they must have the means of purchasing some
of the enjoyments of life, or they soon droop and fall into
an untimely grave. Now you, and the rest of your sex,
nature made with especial powers of endurance and self-
sacrifice. You can live on an allowance so small that a
man would, at the mere thought of subsisting on it, be
frightened into his winding-sheet; and yet there are
thirty-thousand of you in New York.City alone who make
shirts for six cents apieoe (see Putnams Magazine), and
other work for similar prices, and still you manage to
keep soul and body togetherto retain your sanity, and
also the power of locomotion from the miserable holes
wheie you lodge to the stores of your employers. This
shows you that nature made you on a different principle
entirely from that on which she made menof different
materials. The history of these thirty-thousand sewing
women, could it be written out, would form a valuable con-
tribution to physiological science, showing the wonder-
ful powers of endurance with which your sex are en"
dowed. What did you suggestthat the history of their
employers, would also form a valuable contribution to
another department of scienceto the department that
studies up moral depravity statistics ? That is a libel on
foe fUtfottttitftt.
247
the employers who are honest, deserving men, working
hard to meet their heavy expenses. But I fear you are
ineligible. After your last suggestion, and your for-
mer one that female teachers dont receive sufficient
pay, I fear my words are all wasted upon you. Not paid
sufficiently ? Think what a draft on the school fund it
would be to double, triple or quadruple, as the case
might be, the salaries of female teachers to make them
equal to those of male teachers. In the thirty-nine lead-
ing cities before cited, the average of male teachers is
only 630, that of female, 4,205, and the same average,
probably, holds good all over the country. And shall
such an enormous sum be lavished on women, whom
nature made with especial reference to living on small
allowances, and endanger, as it probably would, the
wages of the strong-armed, vigorous male teachers, the
requirements of whose natures need so much larger
salaries to supply, and without which, a? I said before,
they woulk walk straight into untimely graves ?
Go! Your folly makes me sick. f. e. b.
1HE COOPER UJS10NrWHAT IT HAS
DONE FOR WOMEK
Twelve years since the corner-stone of the Cooper
Union was laid, and nine years since Peter Cooper, by
his deed ot trust, made and delivered in conformity with
an act of the Legislature, transferred to the Trustees
the real-estate and building known as Cooper Institute,
for the purpose of establishing a free institution for the
instruction of the working classes of New York and its
vicinity in science and art. The desire of the founder
is to make this institution contribute in every way to aid
the efforts of youth to acquire knowledge, and to find
and fill that place where their capacity and talents can
be usefully employed with the greatest possible advan-
tage to themselves and the community in' which they
reside. The Trustees recognize no distinction between
the sexes ; woman is admitted to all the privileges of the
institution on an equal footing with man, and fifty wo-
men have yearly availed themselves of the course of in-
struction in the Free Night School, which is divided Into
the scientific and art departments. In the former are
taught algebra, plane and solid geometry, descriptive
geometry, trigonometry, analytical geometry, the differ-
ential and integral calculus, theoretical and practical
mechanics, natural philosophy, elementary chemistry,
and chemistry applied to the arts.
In the art department pupils are taught in architectu-
ral drawing, mechanical drawing, free-hand drawing,
and drawing from cast and life. Female pupils are not
required to learn mechanical drawing, but can pursue in
its place, if they prefer, a knowledge of music or Belles
Lettres.
To all pupils who complete the full course of study
and have at each examination received a first.class cer-
tificate, the Cooper Union medal is awarded as the high-
est honor of the institution. At the annual commence-
ment, 18G6, one pupil only came within the rules estab-
lished for the bestowal of this'honorable reward, and
this pupil was the first female graduate of the institu-
tion, she having completed and been examined upon all
the branches included in the lull course of instruction.
Mr. Cooper, on presenting the medal to herj said:
The life of the lady who is now to receive this medal
should be written in letters of light. Such a life would
show how great and uncommon difficulties can be met
and overcome when all the powers of body and mind
are brought into requisition to do the work of an hon-
orable and useful life. Miss :, to whom it is now
my pride and pleasure to tender this medal, stands be-
fore you an honor to her sex. At the annual com-
mencement of the present year four graduates only will
receive the Cooper Union Medal, two of whom are wo-
men.
Ot the women who avail themselves of the evening
course of instruction, the majority are ocoupied during
the day as teachers in the public and private schools of
this city, and who acknowledge it to be the most
thorough and comprehensive course of instruction they
can receive in any institution in the City of New York.
The most important department of instruction con-
sidered in relation to our subject, in its past and present
results, is The Female School of Art. A School of De-
sign for Women had been formed by a number of pub-
lic-spirited and benevolent women. A proposition to
incorporate it in the Cooper Union was made to Mr.
Cooper, and the following extract from his letter to the
Trustees accompanying the trust, clearly defines his ob-
ject in making it the basis of the Cooper Union School;
To manifest the deep interest and sympathy I feel
in all that can advance the happiness and better the con-
dition of the female portion of the community, and es-
pecially of those who are dependent on honest labor for
support, I desire the Trustees to appropriate two hun-
dred and fifty dollars yearly to assist such pupils of the
Female School of Design as shall, in their careful judg-
ment, by their efforts and sacrifices* in the performance
of duty to parents or to those that Providence has made
dependent upon them for support, merit and require
such aid. My reason for this requirement is not so
much to reward as to encourage the exercise of heroic
virtues that often shine in the midst of the greatest suf-
fering and obscurity, without so much as being noticed
by the passing throng.
In order to better the condition of women and to
widen the sphere of female employment, I liave provided
seven rooms to be forever devoted to a Female School of
Design, and I desire the Trustees to appropriate out of
the rents of the building fifteen hundred dollars annu-
ally towards meeting the expenses of said school. It is
the ardent wish of my heart that this School of Design
may be the means of raising to competence and com-
fort thousands of those that might otherwise struggle
through a life of poverty and suffering.
It is also my desire that females belonging to the
School of Design shall have the use of one of the rooms,
noj^otherwise appropriated, for the consideration and
application of the useful sciences and arts to any of tho
various purposes calculated to improve and better their
condition.
The school has grown with remarkable rapidity, and
of the three thousand women who have received in-
struction, for a shorter or longer period, the majority
have been enabled to earn an honorable and comforta-
ble livelihood by engraving, designing for manufacturers,
illustrations of books, coloring photographs, and as ar-
tists, where they have the requisite talent, and a fact
worthy of record is that almost every public school
throughout the United States has its Art Department
represented by a teacher from the Cooper Union.
Of the large number of young women who have been
pupils, many have struggled through poverty, sickness
and uncomplaining misery to obtain an artistic know-
ledge which would afford them remunerative employ-
ment. When instances of this kind come to the know-
ledge of the Trustees, it'is their pleasure to alleviate
them. We may cite the case of a young girl, the
daughter of a washerwoman, who came to this city, and
after pursuing a three yews* course of instruction in the
School of Design, is now receiving a salary of $1,800 per
year in a large Seminary in New York State. A former
pupil recently obtained a prize of $100 for making the
best design of wall paper.
The number of pupils in the school the present year
is one hundred and sixty, twenty only of whom are
members of the class who design to become teachers.
The remainder are women not dependent upon indus-
trial occupation for a livelihood.
The result of the course of instruction of the last and
present years demonstrates that these pupils have the
requisite natural taste and capacity to achieve groat suc-
cess as artists in painting and sculpture ; and with equal
advantages for informaticn and practice, will stand side
by side with any artist in the world of recognized genius,
male or female. w.
A Wisconsin paperthe Oshkosh Timesrelates the
following Black Crook story : My dear, said the wife,
the Black Crook is here; shall we witness it to-night ?
Well, said the husband, I had better go alone to-
night, and see if it is a proper place for ladie6. Yes
well, says the wife, I rather guess Id better go and
see if it is a proper place for gentlemen 1 Both went.
Yes, gentlemen have been too much ex-
posed to the temptations of life, and when
"mothers, wives, sisters and daughters learn that
they, too, have duties in guarding them from
all demoralizing influences, we shall have a new
code of morals for both sexe3. An atmosphere
that is unfit for woman to breathe is unfit for
man also. Through all the changing scenes of
life a man is safer with a woman by his side-.
England, it is said, is orderiff^ home her sailors, from
fear of the occurrence of an American war. The Brit-
ish lion should remember the fable of the dog and his
shadow. Even Scripture has it that a living dog is
better than a dead lion.
- The Worcester Spy says the wife of Daniel Coughlin,
of North Brookfield, gave birth, last Friday, to three
daughters, weighing seven pounds each. No physician
was in attendance, and none was deemed necessary-,
unless to prevent more coming.


23:8

Clif llniiUiitinii.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, >
PARKER PILLSBURY, J Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, APRIL 23, 1868.
ONE BUNBRE.D THOU HAND SUB-
SCRIBERS.
We asic our numerous readers to help us roll
up our list of subscribers until we reach the
above number. Nothing short of this ensures
our complete success. We are still sending out
specimen copies in every direction, and we
ask our reader's to send us lists of names
of liberal people who would be likely to ap-
preciate our demands for woman. As we are
the organ of the National Party of New America
we are in haste to have our telegraphic poles
set and wires strung all through the land, that
we may speak from Maine to California when
the campaign opens. s. b. a.
IS WOMAN CAPABLE OF TEE BALLOT?
What does woman know about politics?
was just now asked in a surly tone and due
seasoning of profanity, by a white male citizen
in rags and dirt! Or what the devil does she
care ? responded a boon companion, with a spirt
of tobacco-juice that might put out a fire. And
therein, as seemed to us, was the sum total of
the answer generally given (with variations) to
the question of womans right to the ballot.
For more than three years the nation has been
attempting to repair the damages of war and
restore the government and Union. And though
it is still hoped, ii not believed, that all will at
last be adjusted, so as to secure permanent
peace and millennial prosperity, it is also admit-
ted that very little progress has yet been made
in that direction. It is often asked, Is not the
right sure to triumph ? will not justice be done
at last? To which it might be answered, as
the trembling prisoner at the bar said, That
is the very thing to fear. If strict justice
should be executed on this nation, steeped in the
sin and almost case-hardened in the cruelties
of nearly a hundred years of slavery, what
must be its fate? And then as to the other
question, Is not the right sure to triumph at
last ? Undoubtedly it is. But then that was
just as true when Noah was building the ark, or
when the battering-rams of the Roman con-
queror were storming down the walk of Jeru-
salem, as to-day. These histories should afford
small comfort to a people as guilty as this. We
have talked of compensating the slaveholders
for loss of property. But when has the claim
of the slave to compensation tor the hitherto un-
paid and unpitied toil mid tears of generations,
been presented ? In no court but that of high
heaven is it ever proposed to consider, still less
adjust that most righteous demand.
No wonder we cannot reconstruct our nation-
ality. In restoring the foundations of the gov-
ernment, justice, as the chief corner-stone, can
alone secure a permanence of peace and pros-
perity. The eighteenth century gave the world
the Declaration of Independence, the war of
the revolution, and the Constitution of the
United States ; but only in the light of the
nineteenth are these sublime phenomenal be
interpreted to us. From the government, the
civilization, and religion of Great Britain, we
derived our chattel slave system, though it sur-
vived the pen of Jefferson, the sword of Wash-
ington, and the wisdom, humanity and states-
manship of the founders and framers of the
government; and until far louder thunders
than Bunker Hill and Saratoga dashed it to the
ground. Outof the jaws of rebellion and treason
was the nation snatched by the hand of negro
valor. And thus surely has that race earned
the right of full citizenship and equality in the
state. Even Jefferson declared, more than half
a century ago, that whoever fights and pays
taxes has the right of suffrage against the
world.
But the right of humanityof manhood, is
older and of higher and diviner appointment
than any other. If the right of liberty and the
pursuit of happiness be the gift and endowment
of the Creator, then surely is the right to the
ballot; the only possible or conceivable assur-
ance and guaranty of it in republican govern-
ments. And on this ground the claim of wo-
man is no less than that of man. But base and
degrading as has been the. position of the negro
in the government, that of woman is far lower.
At no price within human power to pay, can
she arrive at equality in the government she is
compelled to support and obey. In the making
or executing of no law, however deeply her wo-
manly interest or happiness may be involved,
can she bear a part. She is found guilty, not
of a crime, not of a color, but of a sex ; and all
her appeals to courts or communities, for
equality and justice, are in vain, even in this
democratic and Christian republic. She is a -
native, free-born citizen, a property-holder, tax-
payer, loyal and patriotic. She supports her-
self, and in proportionate part, the schools, col-
leges, universities, churches, poorhouses, jails,
prisons, the army, the navy, the whole ma-
chinery of government ; and yet she has no vote
at the polls, no voice in the national councils.
She has guided great movements of philan-
thropy and charity; has founded and sustained
churches; established missions ; edited jour-
nals ; written and published invaluable treatises
on history and economy, political, social and
moral ; and on philosophy in all its depart-
ments ; filled honorably professors chairs ;
governed nations; led armies; commanded
ships ; discovered and described new planets ;
practiced creditably in the liberal professions ;
and patiently explored the whole realm of
scientific research; and yet, because in lifes
allotment, she is female, not male, woman, not
man, the curse of inferiority cleaves to her
through all her generations. Edens anathema
was to be removed on the coming of the second
Adam; and in the new dispensation there was
to be neither male nor female. Jewish out-
lawry from nations, continuing through almost
twenty centuries, is repealed by common con-
sent among all civilized governments. The
curse of eternal attainder nQ longer blasts the
Ethiopian race to slavery, through Canaans sin
and shame. But where shall woman look for
her redemption in this auspicious hour, when
new dawnings of liberty, new sunrises of human
enfranchisement are illumining the world ? A
man once said, Where liberty is, there is my
country. But on what continent or island, or
in what vast wilderness shall woman find a na-
tionality where she shall be taxed to support no
government she did not aid in making, obey no
law she did not help to enact, nor suffer any
penalty until adjudged, by a jury, in part at
least, of her peers ? True, her privileges in
some states have been, after long struggle ard
conflict, enlarged and increased. Like the
southern freedmen, she has had her Civil
Bights bill. But all this is compatible with the
Bred Scott decision itself. The power that
'gives can take away ; but of that power woman
is"no part. Mr. Sumner says, The ballot is
the one thing needful to the emancipated slave.
Without it, he declares, his liberty is but an il-
lusion, a jack-o-Ianfcem which he will pursue
in vain. Without the ballot, he reiterates, the
slave becomes only sacrifice. And shall it not
also be pre-eminently so with woman? Formed
by Almighty power a little lower than the
angels, her ruling lords and masters have, by
legislative proscription, plunged her not a little
but immeasurably below myriads of the human
race, whose only boast or claim is, that for some
inscrutable reason they were so constructed as
to stand men in the tables of the census.
In The Revolution it is determined to
prosecute an agitation which shall wake the
nation to new consciousness of the injustice
long inflicted and still suffered through proscrip-
tive distinctions on account of sex and com-
plexion. To the industrial, hard-toiling, prop-
erty-producing, family-supporting women, our
appeal is made to come to the rescue of their
own long-lost rights. Nor is it one of the least
cheering signs that multitudes of the intelligent
women of the country are fast waking to a fall
consciousness of the wrongs they suffer. Even
the war taught invaluable lessons on the dignity
and worth of woman in a thousand new spheres.
Our Florence Nightingales have not been one,
but many, yea many hundreds. Woman as
well as the freedman saved the nation in its
hour of peril, and invested herself with hew dig-
nity demanding new distinction. Now em-
phatically is her opportunity. The great clock
of humanity has struck the hour, and its tones
are ringing across the continent, reverberating
as well among the Alps as the Alleghanies, and
mingling sweet music in both the hemispheres.
_____ p* P*
HENRY WARD BEECHER.
Last year we stereotyped and printed ten
thousand copies of Womans Duty to Vote
a tract by Henry Ward Beecherand scattered
the entire edition in the Kansas campaign. But
the cry from the west is still for more. Now,
will not Mr. Beecher or some of his friends send
us one hundred dollars to publish five thousand
copies of this admirable Speech made two years
ago in the Church of the Puritans, and thus
give us the pleasure of circulating it through-.
out the country.
MR. JOHN SI UART MILL.
A gentleman interested in our cause from
St Louis, has ordered, at his own expense, a
thousand ^ppies of Mr. Mills able essay On
the Enfranchisement of Women. We wish
to say to our many correspondents ask-
ing for tracts that we are publishing our en-
tire series as fast as we can get the money to
pay for the printing. Those of the Hon. George
William Curtis and Mr. Mill are now ready for
sale in the office of The Revolution. 10
cents per single copy. $5,00 per hundred.
Several valuable articles are omitted for want
of room.



249
Base Desertion.We have always declared
the infidelity of republicanism to the rights of
the colored race, with all their pretensions and
professions. We have warned the abolitionists
especially that they perilled the rights of that
race by refusing to demand suffrage for woman
also on the same basis of impartial justice, thus
educating, elevating and purifying the public
conscience and character, to but little or no
purpose, and now our apprehensions are
beginning to be realized on every hand.
The Springfield Republican, one of the
oldest, ablest and best of the Republi-
an journals, very justly says, that dis-
creditable as the fact may be, it is pretty evi-
dent that the enfranchisement of the colored
race in the Northern States will have to wait.
The popular votes in Connecticut and Michi-
gan, on Monday last, indicate beyond a doubt
that the rank and file of the Republican party,
that party of moral ideas, are yet so far from
being unanimous in favor of impartial suffrage,
that the more immediate interests of recon-
struction might be jeopardised by forcing the
issue at this juncture.
Washington Ladies Gambling-House.
Washington has two gambling-hells exclusively
for ladies. At all hours of the day the most
elegant dressed ladies at the capital may be
seen there staking their money, or somebody's
money, in surprising amounts. It is rumored
that a certain divorce case now pending in the
district court is attributable in a measure to the
squandering of a husbands money on the tables
of one of these placesMadam Rumor placing
the amount of the losses as high as $50,000.
Blue Laws Reacting.It is said that in nei-
ther the State Library of Connecticut nor in
any'of the Departments of the State House at
Hatrford is there a Bible. It has long been seen
that there is little New Testament in her legis-
lation. A state that will.accept the aid of ne-
gro soldiers to defend her nationality, and then
shut them from schools, colleges and churches
(except in negro peios), and from the ballot-box
besides; had better keep the Bible as much as
possible out of sight.
Incongruous.Andrew Johnson lives. Jef-
ferson Davis and all his Cabinet are unwhipped
of justice, and apparently safe from harm. But
poor Mrs. Surratt was hung! Ben. Butler said
she was hung on insufficient evidence, and
all have now good reason to believe so, if as the
papers say Conover is now in the penitentiary ;
Cleaver has been convicted of an infamous
crime ; Baker is a fugitive from justice ; and
Montgomery has been arrested for swindling,
for these are the creatures who swore her away
to the gallows.
Cool Comfort.The New York Times thinks
the republican successes in the Spring elections
have not been of such a kind as to lead the
party to indulge in any dangerous assurances of
an easy triumph in the great campaign of the
year.
Shocking Irony.The New York limes in
open day says General Grant has shown a ca-
pacity for administration, a fitness for the per-
formance of civil functions, a devotion to the
principles of the Constitution, a respect to the
laws, a degree of political 'sagacity and justice,
and a faith in the ideas of liberty and progress
that constitute far higher grounds than his mili-
tary record why he should be elevated to a po-
sition where he can use his powers for restoring
peace and prosperity to our distracted-country.
EDUCATED SUFFRAGE.
Dear Revolution : Let me suggest to Nemo and
to everybody, that perhaps the ultimate truth as to the
right of voting is, that all humanbeings have the inher-
ent right to vote on such matters as they understand
and take an interest in. As a matter of scientific jus*
tice, it is evident that the vote of twelve ignorant men
of forty ought not to outweigh the rote of one wise
child of ten. But society and government are not at
present constructed on the basis of science and justice.
We fix an age at which a portion of one-half of the citi-
zens may vote with certainlimits as to property and edu-
cation. In Massachusetts a male over 21 may vote if he
can read and write, but he is not required to be sober or
honest, or to know anything or care anything for politi-
cal principles, or for the election of honest and able
men to office. It seems to me, therefore, that under our
present system it is hardly worth while to propose any
practicable educational test. Experience shows that the
class of people called educated among us are for the
most part conservative, that is to say, stupid in poli-
tics. We must reach a higher condition through uni-
versal suffrage, spite of its evils, which, manifest as they
are, would be infinitely less than those of the present;
most unjust and arbitrarily limited suffrage. Beside
the ballot, woman needs, to make her independent mid
individual and respected by man, the possession of the
homestead. In all times those who have owned the
land have been the masters of those who have owned-
none. All aristocracies are based on land owned in
large quantities by a few persons. The land is the
original inheritance of the whole species, and as no
man made it, so no man has a right to own it. Every
human being has a God-given right to labor on the land
and to enjoy the fruits of that labor; to earn his bread in
the sweat of his brow, the doing of which is really a bless-
ing instead of a curse. The first duty of an organized
society is to protect every one of its children in that
primary right, which it cannot do so long as land is
recognized as individual property. But no society hith-
erto has done this duly, and the question is, what is the
first practical step toward it.
Our salvation, here as everywhere else, is by woman,
representative of the love element. The first step is for
woman everywhere to control land enough to render
her self-sustaining, thereby depriving the force ele-
ment represented by man, of its principal power of op-
pression and depression. The race of healthy, land-cul-
tivating women will govern the world and will redeem it,
When women own the homestead, the earth will begin to
be the garden of Eden prefigured in Genesis, and we
shah be in a fair way to attain a paradise wherein there
will he a Marriage Union of Love and Wisdom in Use.
f. s. c.
SHALL MEN NURSE THE BABIES ? "
FRANCIS BARRY TO MRS. LE BARDIN.
In your very readable letter, in No. 12 of The Revo-
lution, you ridicule the idea that man can be anything
else than a nuisance in the kitchen or nursery. I read-
ily grant that a large share of husbands and fathers
are of the kind you describe, and I am not disposed to
object to your estimate of them. But I wish to say, se-
riously, that no man is fit to be a father, or to sustain
intimate relations with any true woman, who has not
both the ability and inclination to help take care of the
babies, and also, in case of need, to wash the potatoes,
sweep the floor, or engage in any domestic labor what-
ever, rather than allow a sick or over-worked woman to
do it.
Men are bad enough, surely, as a class, with their pre-
sent development, or, rather, with the present arrange-
ments of society; hut are not women greatly at fault
in having so much to do with them? How can you
make it appear that such monsters as you accurately
picture are fit to have about the house at all? Let
women embrace and carry out the idea that the man
who is fit to sustain the most important and vital rela-
tions in domestic life, is necessarily fit to discharge the
lesser and incidental obligations, and there will be far
less occasion tor such deceptions as you have given us.
Let women decide (as when they become truly refined
and mindful of their own self-respect they will) that the
man gross enough to fill his home with the slime
and scent of tobacco is not worthy to have a home with
their help, £ad that evil will be corrected speedily. And
whatever may be said of this one thing may be said of
all manner of masculine meanness and baseness. It
will continue till woman is individualized and self-owned.
She will then dictate the terms on which important do-
mestic relations are secured and retained. Till then,
men will be men, and women degraded, self-degraded,
and will sanction the meanness of men by forming a
dose alliance with it.
LETTER FROM LONDON.
London, March, 1868.
The organization known as The Reform League
has done this country some service in the past. It has
taken up a variety of things, from Hyde Park fencing to
discussing the propriety of passing a vote of thanks
to Juarez, President of the Mexican Republic, for the
unflinching bravery and persistency he displayed in
driving out Maximilian. I don't remember whether
this was carried; though I know it to have been
discussed by the League. Between these two points
exists a wide range. Thus, it is not a surprise to
those who have watched the course of the League,
to find it welcoming Mr. Thomas Hare, and dis-
cussing with that gentleman his favorite theory or
scheme of Personal Representation and an Enlarged
Redistribution of Seats.* That the questions were wor-
thy of the consideration shown, is proven by the fact
that the debate, presided over by Mr. Edmond Beales,
has been attende-d by John Stuart Mill, Prof. Fawcett,
Thomas Hughes, and George Jacob Holyoaxe. It inter-
ests many more (besides the gentlemen named), who
are considered this side of the Altanlic to be deep think-
ers j while under another and more familiar name
Representation of Minorities it has claimed (he at-
tention of many Americans. This must he my excuse for
troubling you with this letter. Your correspondent is en-
tirely neutral in the controversy, not yet having made
up his mind to the decided acceptance or rejection of
Mr. Hares theory. He thinks, from a careful reading
of both sides, that there are some parts worth accept-
ing, and that upon the other side there is a great deal of
force in many of the objections. This, you, will per-
ceive, to favor both 6ides ; and I trust that this letter
will, therefore, be accepted as an effort upon the writers
part to contrast for their benefit the various utterances
for and against now being freely made by our political
thinkers, in the press, or in (he places where they most
do congregate.
I propose, in the first place, to briefly give Mr. Hares
theory, although that is more than that gentleman can
do himself. There lies the great objetcion to it. Per-
haps it is egotism to suppose that I can do what he can-
not. We will assume that I give his theory as correctly as
it can be given, in less space than the author has filled in
the pamphlets he has written and had published. To bo*
gin, then. The principle of Mr. Hares scheme is, that the
true basis of redistribution is the number of votes act-
ually polled in every county, city, borough, or other
electoral constituency, at each general election. In order
to obtain that number, the proper officers should he in-
structed in the wriis for any constituency to return as
representatives so many members, if more than one, as
should be' equal to the ratio which the number of its
actual voters bear to the total number of voters in the
United Kingdom, according to the provisions of the
electoral law. If, then, 1,800,000 votes were polled, and
600 members were to be chosen, 8,000, or l-600th part of
the larger number should be sufficient for the election of
a candidate. If 30,000 votes were polled in a county or
borough, ten members shouldbe returned ; if 8,000, one
member ; and if less thazl 3,000, the candidate who had
polled an approximate number of votes should make up
the complemeut from other. constituents in the neigh-
borhood or elsewhere.
At the meeting held at the League Rooms last Satur-
day, Mr. Hare illustrated the scheme of redistribution
which he proposes, by supposing that fifty persons then
present with him were called upon to choose from ten
candidates a committee of five. Instead of dividing
them into five sections, according to their accidental
position, allotting to each two candidates, and requiring
every section, however they may d'ffer among them-
selves, to elect one of two, the true method of bringing
out the judgment and discretion of all would be to per-
mit any ten of their number to elect one, thus giving to
every elector choice from the whole list. Mr. Hare fur-
ther said: that it thus, in fact, substituted unani-
mous constituencies, united by personal confidence, for
artificial and arbitrary combination. It was not so much
the introduction of a new system, as the abolition of the
restrictions of the old, and adapting it to the free inter-
communication of the present day. It had been devel-


250
8be iUralutintt.
oped in the draft of an electoral statute now for some
years before the public.
Passing over a number of gentlemen who followed Mr.
Hare, freely commenting upon bis scheme, we will put
down part of what Mr. John S. Mill said in supporting
Mr. Hare :
He thought the arguments against the speech based
upon the difficulty of keeping up communication be-
tween representatives and constituencies were not, in
his opinion, of great weight, as it would still be perfectly
possible for communication to be kept up, and explana-
tions to a widely-scattered constituency might be made
through the medium of the public press. The plan
would not, of course, get rid of the influence of party or
wire-pullers, but it would have the effect ot' greatly
diminishing their power. He thought that the plan
would result in the election of leaders of party by im-
mense majorities, and the selection of representatives
of petty cliques and isms would fairly neutralize each
other. In fact, he thought that the system proposed
would ensure the election of the best men of all parties
and of all sects. Your correspondent was not able to be
present soon enough to hear Mr. Mill; but he has
spoken to several gentlemen of undoubted political abil-
ity wholEd bear Mr. Mill, and they assure him that
after the member for Westminster had spoken for a half
hour that the scheme was made no clearerthat is, in its
practical workingthan when he commenced. No
stronger censure could be passed upon the theory than is
contained in this opinion. Mr. Mill spoke of wire-
pullers.
As my object is to present both sides, I think that if
we hear what Frederic Harrison has said, in reply to an
invitation to be present at the meeting last Saturday, we
Shall have a stronger opposing light thrown upon the
subject. In a letter to Mr. E. Beales he says :
I am thoroughly opposed to the scheme suggested
by Mr. Hare. I have studied the paper you sent me,
and I confess that I cannot understand the plan, which
appears to be so complex that its accomplished author
can barely And a name for it. The least complexity in
the electoral system must throw it into the hands of
professional wire-pullers ; and what can hardly be
made intelligible in a course of lectures cannot work in
practice. I have ho doubt that the plan secures repre-
sentation mathematically ; but I am not sure we need
representation alone. Wbat we want is a powerful execu-
tive parliament (the Comlist peeps out here, and Fred-
erio Harrison is deeply tinctured with it); and I feel
sure that the best chance forgetting this is to stick to
the old plan, which we al least understand.
A gentleman named Acland, an old', wide-awake elec-
toral agent and wire-puller, gave a hearty blow to
Mr. Hares scheme. He said that he always places his
politics above bis wire-pulling ; but supposing he
had a candidate anxious to secure a seat in Parliament,
and that Mr. Hares plan was then the system, if the
candidate would pay him a sufficient sum of money, he
would guarantee him the desired seat. This is the
opinion of an old general in electioneering matters, and,
therefore, tells considerably with matter-of-fact men.
Go we now to the daily press, and we shall find that
in the Arst plaoe the Tones gives a modified support to
the scheme, whioh it describes as neither more nor less
than the cumulative vote : Take, for instance, a three-
cornered constituency of 4,000 electors j every candidate
who could secure more than a thousand votes must be
elected, because it is impossible that there could be
three others, eaoh mustering more than a thousand
votes. The returning officers would proceed, therefore,
to receive voters for any one candidate until his return
had been secured ; after which the votes of electors de-
sirous of returning him would be transferred to the per-
son to whom they had given the alternative vole. If
their votss are not wanted for A they may be transferred
to B or C j so that the idea of the cumulative vote and
Mr. Hare's scheme are strictly the same. The other
part of the rimes leader deals with the probability of an
adjustment of our electoral machinery at no great length
of time. We need not go into that. The Standard is
strongly opposed to the plan. The scheme, it argues,
would overthrow every single principle of representa-
tion which is in accordance with English ideas, and ob-
literate all local feeling under the iron rule of a cold and
rigorous arithmetic. All that is really good and desir-
able in the system is obtained already in England in a
much healthier and more rational way by our ancient
and national principle of unequal electoral districts,
which in practice affords all the protection that is de-
sirable against the tyranny of members. This is the
substance of the Standards remarks ; and we find that
one 6oro place in Mr. Hare6 scheme is decidediy pointed
out by the reference to loo&l feeling. It is a mooted
point whether it is desirable to maintain this local feel-
ing. For my own part I think it is a very needful thing
to have the general politics of a nation dashed with a
little of local feeling.
The Daily Telegraph's leader conveyed to me the im-
pression that it was feeling its way, so that I need not
trouble you with its comments. The Morning Star takes
Mr. F. Harrisons letter for its basis in dealing with Mr.
Hare. Thus that is disposed of, for I have already
given Mr. Harrisons opinions.
One thing is evolved by this discussion, and that is
worth noting. It will he impossible, under Mr. Hares
scheme, to use the ballot. The names of the voters of
every member returned must be recorded in case of any
death, so that the constituency might be appealed to for
the election of another gentleman in his place.
I will conclude my letter by relating a short conversa-
tion that took place between two gentlemen in the
League Booms after the meeting broke up :
Fiiist Gentleman It is & remarkable thing that all
the intellect is on the side of Mr. Hare.
Second Gentleman It is hardly fair putting it in
that way. All the crotchety intellect you mean ?
First Gentleman Hum! Yes, you are right.
In my last I alluded to the conference between Mr.
Gladstone and the Trades Representatives lately, on the
subject of their Unions. Mr. Gladstone made some
severe though just strictures bn the opposition made by
many trades to the employment of women. The public
have been reminded that it is not alone the artizans who
combine for this purpose. The lawyers here are strongly
opposed to the admission of women to their ranks. The
medical profession (although the barriers are being
slowly broken down) still fight hard against the innova-
tion. Forinst&nce: Alady who recently passed a credit-
able examination at the Apothecaries Hall, had to pay
fees of ten times the usual amount. Among painters
there are honors reserved for men that are not conferred
upon lady artists, however great their merits. In the
literary profession it is impossible to keep women out,
or doubtless it would be done. Thus, the working men
are no better or worse than those of the educated class,
who presume to lecture them upon lhe enormity of their
ways.
A body of ladies and gentlemen have engaged them-
selves in the good work of establishing between London
and Cambridge a College for Women. When we find the
names of the Dean of Canterbury, Lady Goldsmidt, Mrs.
Bussell Gurney, and Mrs. Manning upon the Executive
Committee, we have sufficient guarantee for judicious,
serious, and responsible management of this new enter-
prise. Among the subscriptions announced I read of
Madam Bodickon giving £1,000 ; Lady Goldsmidt, Miss
Davis, and Mr. Manning, £100 each ; Mr. James Hey-
wood, £100; together with various sums from many
others. It is proposed to raise £30,000 for the erection
of collegiate buildings, which will be officered by ladies
of experience, while the teaching will be conducted by
both sexes. It is hoped that for about £80 ($400)
per annum, including all expenses, young women who
desire to pursue their studies as far and earnestly as
young men do, might have the means placed within their
reach; and it is also hoped they might obtain Uni-
versity recognition for their attainments.
This is deemed a bold step here, and will supply our
urgent wants, by giving to young women of the so-called
upper and middle classes an educational centre resem*
bling in thoroughness and range of studies the famous
Universities.
At present young ladies can learn next to nothing at
school, the little they learn, as a general rule, being of
very little practical use to them in alter life. Their edu-
cation is abruptly stopped at eighteen, and girls who
have a desire for knowledge leel this keenly. Home in-
struction, if it can be afforded, is noted for two things
that is, it is desultory and unfruitful. There is a
chance for them to glean a little by attending lectures
here and there. That is not a very speedy or sure way
of acquiring a scholarship. All praise is therefore due
to those vgto have undertaken this work. We can but
Irish them as great a success with the project as they
deserve. ^ T* H*
Women Voting in New Jebset.In the year 1824
widows were allowed to vote in this Slate on their hus-
bands tax receipts. The election officers paid great def-
erence to the widows on these occasions, and took par-
ticular care to send carriages after these lady voters, so
as to get their votes early and make sure of them. The
writer of this has often heard his grandmother state
that she voted for John Quincy Adams for President of
the United States when he was elected to that office.
Her name ^vas Sarah Sparks, and she voted at Baras-
boro, N. J., her husband having died the year previous.
N. M, Wallington, Washington, D, C,
LETTER FROM MR, TRAIN,
WOMEN HOLDING OFFICE IN ENGLANDTHE WO-
MENS RIOT IN FRANCESTRIKE AMONG THE
WORK-WOMENTHE FENIANS SCOTCHED.
Four Courts Marshalsea, I
April, 4,1868. \
V WOMEN IN JAIL FOR DEBT.
Dear Revolution : Women in England are
imprisoned for debt. There are several here in
what is called the Paupers Court. America has
no such barbarous customs, yet the women get
in debt there. Women in England can still be
sold with a rope around their necks. In Amer-
ica they are sold every day without a rope.
One thing is notable, men sneer less at wo-
men of intellect than before The Revolu-
tion. The press have been gallant on this
side as well as that to the Womans journal. As
the dropping of water penetrates the hardest
stone, so will The Revolution work its way
to reform. Sands make the mountains,drops the
ocean; so subscriber by subscriber makes The
Revolution. Now people drink more than they
think. The Revolution will change all that.
womans wrongs being righted.
Weak-minded women are getting to be less
popular. Slavery is dying out. Ail the world has
commenced to think. Why should prostitution
or starvation be the only alternative open to wo-
men? The Kansas campaign was the Marseilles.
Let The Revolution roll on.
Says an Irish paper:
The rights of women are fully recognized in parochial
if not in parliamentary affairs. On Saturday Mrs. Sarah
Wooster was appointed by the Aylesbury magistrates to
the offices of overseer of the poor and surveyor of high-
ways for the parish of Him ire ; and last year four wo-
men filled similar offices in the Aylesbury district.
Among other places to which it has been held that wo-
men are eligible are those of high chamberlain, high
constable, common constable, sexton, and returning offi-
cer at an election to Parliament
REVOLUTION AMONG THE WOMEN OF FRANCE.
Three cheers! The women are striking at last.
Men are not to have the entire monopoly of
riots more than of rights. Strike for your altars
and your fires and a vote.
A Womens Biot at Marseilles.There has been a
womens riot at Marseilles. The young persons, as
Mr. Mill would put it, employed at the cigar manufac-
tory, turned out to the number of 800, and went about
the streets shouting tbe Marseillaise and other equally
subversive ditties. Their grievance was that the to-
bacco leaves served out to them were so dry that they
broke in the rolling, and they were mulcted for tbe
waste. Their grievance has been redressedthe tobacco
leaves are now steeped in water, and given out to them
reeking wet. The factory girls are quite satisfied, but
the Marseilles smokers must not be surprised ii they
find their cigars dank and dripping weeds.
THE FENIAN SISTERHOOD.
I believe in the Fenian Sisters and they be-
lieve in me. I want them to help me on the
road to the Reformation. Call and see their
Head Centre, and tell them that Irish national-
ity can only be secured through American votes.
THE PLATFORM FOR THE SISTERHOOD.
Let them influence their cousins or friends to
vote for Educated Suffrage, Eight Hours
Labor, Greenbacks, and Irish National-
ity let them shut their gates to all kinds of
British goods, but open them wide to British
artisans ; prohibit all English manufactures, and
vote for American industry. In short, stand
square upon the Prospectusof The Revo-
lution. Taking the taxes off of American
manufactures is the first great step,
NATIONAL WE4lLTH TO THE SISTERHOOD.
Tell the Sisterhood that their action this fall


Me feufltntitftt.
251
may secure Irelands freedom. Let them hold
a National Convention on the 19th of October,
the day Lord Cornwallis surrendered to
Washington, Lafayette, and the Irish
Brigade. Let it be held at the Cooper Insti-
tute. I will lecture to pay all expenses.
Let the Sisterhood pay in their ten cents a
week, and keep their own funds. Why should
women always pay ike money over to men ? Irish
girls of America,, you will become the mothers
of the statesmen of another generation. Bring
in recruits to the Father Matthew societies.
Every man you save from drink is a donation
to God. Also ask your friends if they have
taken out their naturalization papers. If not, let
th em do so.
NO MORE SNEERS AGAINST THE IRISH.
One million of votes already. Add your own,
and two millions of American votes will stop
the sneers of the native-born. Now they never
speak of you, except insultingly. Stand on your
own rights and I will lead you to success. Fol-
low my counsel and stand by yourselves, if you
want to see Ireland have a White House of
its own.
And we read the holy lesson,
bet the time be near or far
Yet yonr country's brow of sadness
Shall be lit by sun and star
For the red fire of the tempest
Brings ns closer to the dawn,
Brings ns sooner to the sunlight
With the wind and lightning gone.
Sincerely,
Geo. Francis Train.
P. S.
THE IRISH REVOLUTIONWAR WITH ENGLAND.
Fenianism was dead when I was arrested at
Queenstown with Durant, so was Womans
Suffrage in Kansas ; when I arrived at Leaven-
worth, Oct. 21st. Anxious as they were to get
me into prison, they were more anxious to get
me out. It is the same now. There is a steady
roll of Revolution to-day all over Ireland.
Shoulder to shoulder they march. Face to face
they talk. Hand to hand they^arry the sacred
fire of Liberty.
Still the same, 0 clouded Ireland,
Ireland o f our hopes and tears
Still the same dark flood of sorrow
Bolling down the myriad years.
Still the same true hearts are beating
As they roll the current back
Never swervingnever turning,
From the true man's rugged track. .
If the Irish in America follow my instructions
I will lead them to victory. The battle is ready
for the victor.
England fears nothing but the Irish vote.
Separate from all parties this time, concentrate
on your best man. Ike war with England is the
platform to reconstruct America. Read carefully
my letter to the World on the Democratic Con-
vention, and remember that the democrats
were your friends in Kansas. g. f. t.
Hopeful Still.Wisconsin voted against
Woman Suffrage, but the proposition to amend
the constitution in that particular received thirty
votes out of seventy-one cast in the Assembly.
Let the brave women there not be discouraged.
Their prospect is most auspicious.
A Social Necessity.The Phrenological Journal
for May contains the Portraits and Biographical Sketches
of Eev. Samuel J. May ; Dr. Lindley, the Botanist;
Rev. Jabez Bums, oi London; Mrs. H. A. Manville,
Poet; King Theodore, the Abyssinian; Handel;
Haydn ; Mozart; Beethoven ; Bach : Mendelssohn ;
Rossini j Auber; besides papers on Mental Action ;
Duty, the Popular Idea; Unity in Division; Hard
TimesCause and Cure; What is the Motive ? The
Origin of Man ; Diversities of Gifts ; Moral of a Cash
Account, etc., with engraved illustrations. 30 cents a
number, or $3 year. Address, S. B. Wells, Publisher,
389 Broadway, New York.
BRUSSELSTHE RIOTS.
A grandson of Gerrit Smith writes us from
Brussels, Belgium :
Brussels, March 29, 1868.
A lady in New York, not long since, received a visit
from a friend, who, in the course of conversation, re-
marked : What a beautiful carpet you have! The
lady having heard Brussels used in connection with
handsome carpets, supposed it to be the makers name,
and replied : Yes, it is one Mr. Brussels has just sent
up l This gentlemans biography shall be left to fays
and fairies ; but of the city of Brussels, from which this
fine carpet takes its name, we should like to say a few
words.
Brussels, the Capital of the Kingdom of Belgium, is
situated on the small river Senne, one hundred and ten
miles east of Calais, one hundred and five west of Co-
logne, twenty miles further north than these cities, and
one hundred and sixty miles north of Paris. The prin-
cipal part of the town is built on the top and side of a
hill, sloping northward to the river. The old town
is surrounded by ooulevards, a broad street from fifteen
to twenty rods wide, and nearly four miles longthe
new town lies outside the boulevards. The most
elegant residences are on the summit of the hill and in
tbe Quartier Leopold, on or near the boulevards. Here,
too, are fine drives and walks, the street being so wide
as to admit three carnage ways, a road of soft, light soil
for equestrians, and three very attractive walksone oc-
cupying the centre and largest part of the street. It is
shaded with four rows of trees. Handsome residences
of the rich and fashionable, line this boulevard for
nearly a mile. Every pleasant afternoon this is the re-
sort of the beau monde, walking, riding and driving.
Many go regularly to show themselves and their dresses,
to pick up the latest fashion, and to hear the latest tit-
bits of gossip. Tbe Guides, a regiment in the Belgian
army, with their crimson pants and green jackets,*
form no small addition to the gaiety of the boulevards.
The officers make great display in riding and walking-
some ride well, but the majority are very awkward on
horseback.
* .* * * $ tp
The colliers in the extensive coal region which sur-
rounds Chaileroi, in the southeastern part of Belgium,
on the border of France, made a strike 26th and 27 th
insts. which has assumed a very serious aspeot.
Many of the men commenced their work as usual in
pit No. 5, at 6X a.m. Six or seven hundred strikers
ordered the shaft director to bring up the workmen who
were in the pit, saying that if he would not, they would
cut the ropes, and thus cut off all communication. At
this moment twelve mounted policemen and a lieutenant
arrived opposite the coal yard, where they were received
by the men with pickaxes and crowbars and a shower of
stones. The lieutenant received a blow on his forehead
from a pickaxe, and one from a crowbar on the back of
his head. Three policemen were wounded, and obliged
to retreat from the yard, seeking shelter in the neigh-
boring buildings ; they, with the lieutenant, were finally
transferred to the hospital. In the meantime, the gov-
ernment of Bruxelles being notified, sent at once a
regiment of carabineers, two battalions of infantry and
a cavalry company. In another yard, the gates ol which
were closed, a large number of colliers had barricaded
themselves. They were armed like the others with
pickaxes and crowbars. On their refusing to surrender,
the troops charged bayonets, the colliers receiving them
with pikes. A few shots served to scatter the mob on
all sides. The last report isseven killed and eighteen
wounded. Among the dead are two women, one of
whom was bayoneted ; they were trying to induce their
husbands to leave the mob. The strikers iu large force
went ttom pitto pit, headed by women, forcing the men
who were at work to ascend by threatening to cut the
ropes if they refused. They robbed the offices of the
coal yards, destroyed the books, broke the windows and
finally fired tbe buildings. Tbe aspect of this rich and
beautiful country is one of terror and desolation. The
colliers works and furnaces are almost abandoned. The
workmen in holiday dress are seen in the drinking sa-
loons, or grouped on the street comers, looking restless
and anxious. The neighborhood is like an eocamp-
* The Revolution colors. * ,
ment On all the roads patrols are seen, here and there
a mounted chasseur, carbine in band ; mounted sentries
everywhere, a detachment of infantry bivouaced in the
mud; a platoon of cavalry, horses prancing, men shiv-
ering in the cold, damp air ; gendarmes in the doors of
barbarets, now used as stations. Colliers are seen walk-
ing the streets in silent, sad crowds. One sees at a
glance that all is not over, and on the departure of the
troops this pent-up fire may again burst its bonds.
They regard the soldiers going from post to post with
sinister glances. Several rolling mills present a bad ap-
pearance of devastationmachinery destroyed, windows
broken, lamp post knocked down, offices pillaged etc.,
etc.
The last reports are of little importance. Many of
the roen have resumed work under the guard of the
trOOpS.
During the few rainy days of the past week,
the out-door working people have given Bald-
win, the clothier, a benefit. They have
thronged the storea perfect jam all the-day
long.
Readers of this paper are commended to the
comer of Broadway and Canal street, for what
everybody says must be true, and everywhere
it is declared that Baldwin leads the town in
low prices !Communicated.
jiwftttrf&I §jepmwiettt.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like Greenbacks for Money. An American System
cf Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank cf England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fonder and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Fi'ancisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreignei's at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized.Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. XVI.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
MB. MCULLOCH AND IMPEACHMENT.
Congress has impeached President Johnson
for actions and intent, which, even if proven
to be true, have no direct bearing on the mate-
rial interests of the people, like those of the
honorable Secretary, McCulloch. Mr. McCul-
lochs policy and management of the Treasury
Department have always worked directly in the
interest of what is known as the Treasury
Department ring of gold gamblers and stock-
jobbers. Jay Cooke & Co. control McCulloch.
The money market is made tight or easy as
they direct. Gold is sold and 7.30 notes are
not bought, which process locks up greenbacks
and makes stringency in the money market,
when the interests of this ring require
scarce money, high rates of interest and low
prices for stocks and bonds. And again, when


252 MUt $WV0htti0tt.
the interests of the ring require easy money,
low rates of interest and high prices for stocks
and bonds, then Mr. McCulloch orders no
sales of gold, and large purchases of 7.30
notes, which make greenbacks plentiful.
THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT BING WANT SCARCE
MONEY AND A PANIC.
About six weeks ago the Treasury Depart-
ment ring determined to go in for making
money by selling stocks short. New York Cen-
tral was then selling about 130, Erie from 75 to
80, Pacific Mail 111, and the Express stocks
about 25 per cent, higher than present prices.
The ring sold a very heavy amount of New
York Central, as well as an enormous amount
in the aggregate of other stocks well distributed
throughout the whole list. They also wanted
to buy $20,000,000 of 7.30 notes at alow price
for the purpose of selling them to Government
at a high price in the month of May. In order
to carry out this scheme the Treasury Depart-
ment officials began to plead poverty, so as to
prepare the public mind for the drain on the
banks for greenbacks, which was necessary to
make money tight and bring down prices on the
Stock Exchange.
SALES OF GOLD AND NON-PURCHASES OF SEVEN-
THIRTY NOTES ENGINEER TIGHT MONEY.
To produce the-necessary stringency in'the
money market the Assistant Treasurer, Mr. Van
Dyck, was instructed to sell gold and not to
buy 7.30 notes. This process drained the banks
of their greenbacks, and for everyone dollar
thus taken from them compelled the calling in
of loans for three or lour dollars, in order to
keep the banks in a safe position. At the same
moment the ring made a practice of calling
in all their own loans every morning at 10
oclock, and refusing to lend the same until a
late hour ot the day, unless the borrowers were
willing to pay them usurious rates of interest
a minimum of 7 per cent, in gold and as high
as i per ceut. per day.
JAY COOKE & CO.THE BANK OF COMMERCE AND
BREOEENRTDGECOAL THOMPSON.
The most prominent in squeezing borrowers
by usurious rates of interest during the last
month were : Jay Cooke & Co., the Bank of
Commerce, the largest National Bank in the
country, and BreckenridgeCoal Thompsons
First National Bank. Jay Cooke & Co. extracted
£ and & per cent, per day by turning Govern-
ments. Mr. Charles H. Bussell, President of
the Bank of Commerce, charged openly 7 per
cent, in gold, equal to about 10 per cent, in
currency, or 3 per cent, above the legal rates ol
interest, in open violation of the usury laws of
the State, and when borrowers wanted money
badly he made them pay from 15 to 24per cent,
per annum, by making them buy from him
Government bonds and foreign bills of ex-
change abovelthe market price. This was done
to evade the penalties of the usury laws. Breck-
enridgeCoal Thompson realized fabnlous
rates according to the necessities of the indi-
vidual, in a wayfortunately for the honor of
societypeculiarly his own. By these dis-
graceful proceedings every loan in the city was
disturbed every day, and as a natural result
mercantile confidence was impaired, and high
rates of interest obtained. Many borrowers
preferred selling their securities to the annoy-
ance of renewing their loans daily at ruinous
rates of interest. The National Bank of Com-
merce and the First National were prostituted
by their respective Presidents to these schemes
of the Treasury Department ring.5 The
profits and accumulated earnings of the masses
of the people were thus taken from them by
the high rates of interest they were charged,
and by the losses on the property they were
forced to sacrifice by selling during tbe strin-
gency, in order to obtain money. The rich
were made richer, and the poor poorer. The
property of the many went into the pockets of
the few. Hard working Democracy was vic-
timized by a Money Aristocracy. The Treas-
ury Department was the engine used to con-
summate this robbery of the people.
MR. VAN DYCKs PART IN THE SWINDLE.
Mr. Yan Dyck did his part well. He sold
gold every day, and avoided buying 7.30
notes by always offering § and k per cent, be-
low the lowest market price. He bought over
$10,000,000 of 7.30s at 107 to 108, from Janu-
ary 24th to February 25th; and if he had
bought that amount at 105& to 106£ at the be-
ginning of this month* it would have prevented
the stringency and decline in prices which the
ring wanted. Mr. Van Dyck, therefore, did
not do it. On the contrary, he drained tbe
banks of about $8,000,000, instead of giving
them over $10,000,000, as he did from Janu-
ary 24th to Febxvary 25th. Mr. Dodge, part-
ner of Jay Cooke & Co., has the run of the As-
sistant Treasury, and wanders about it with as
much familiarity as Mr. Van Dyck himself.
The scandal of this whole affair is the talk of
New York city.
MR. mCULLOOH AND THE THREE-PEB CENT.
CERTIFICATES.
The primary cause of tbe tight money mar-
ket and stock-panics of last November and the
present month is, the violation ot the Act of
Congress, which commanded the issuing of
$50,000,000 of 3-per-cent, certificates in the
place of $50,000,000 of compound interest notes,
which matured last summer. The letter and
spirit of this law was mandatory, to wit: that
the Secretary should issue $50,000,000 of the
certificates, to take the place of the first $50,-
000,000 of compound interest notes cancelled.
The avowed and well understood purpose of
this Act of Congress was to prevent the contrac-
tion of $50,000,000 legal tender in the shape of
compound interest notes. The text of the act
makes this plain. The discussions in Congress
and out of it, at the time of its passage, empha-
sized the imperative obligation on the Secretary
to replace immediately the first $50,000,000 of
compound interest notes with all of the $50,-
000,000 certificates authorized by the act.
MR. mCULLOCH VIOLATED THE ACT OF CONGRESS.
Mr. MCulloch, therefore, was guilty of an
open violation of this Act of Congress when he
issued only $26,000,000 certificates last August.
He was guilty of criminal' contraction of the
currency to the extent of $24,000,000, in open
defiance of the spirit and letter of an Act of
Congress. Criminal, because by this action
the tight money and stock-panics ot November
and this April were made more easy, and his
friends made money by the same at the expense
of the people of the United States.
WHY DOES MR. MCULLOCH ACT THUS ?
Mr. McCullochs policy suits President John-
son and the Democratic party. They want con-
traction, panic and ruinous distress throughout
the country in order to injure tbe republican
party and gain the Presidential election. Mr.
McCulloch wants it because it enables the
Treasury Department ring to make money.
THE PEOPLE suffer!
The people suffer in scarcity of money, high
rates of interest and depressed trade. Capital
absorbs more than its share of the profits of
labor. Labor is defrauded of its just dues.
The poor are sacrificed to the rich. They be-
come more and more slaves to the Money Aris-
tocracy. Their bodily toil and the fruits of it
become the property of national bank men and
usurers. The American citizen is reduced to
the condition of the helot and serf of Europe.
THE REMEDY.
Turn Mr. McCulloch out. Put in his place a
man of the people, of the stamp of Ben. Wade.
Withdraw the national bank notes, and have no
currency but greenbacks. Fund the national
debt into bonds bearing three per cent, currency
interest convertible into greenbacks, and green-
backs. again reconvertible into these currency
bonds bearing three per cent, currency interest.
*
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
GRAND SUNDAY ENTERTAINMENT TO THE ENG*
LISH LORD.
A VERY PRIVATE, VERY SELECT AND VERY
ARISTOCRATIC AFFAIR.
THE LEADING BEARS, TREASURY OFFICIALS,
TREASURY BROKERS AND BANK SHY-
LOCKS PRESENT ON THE OCCASION.
PRESENTATION OF A GOLDEN CASKET TO THE
ENGLISH LORD, CONTAINING GREEN
PHOTOGRAPHS OF PROMINENT
statesmen and
FINANCIERS.
IMPORTANT SPEECHES AND STATEMENTS NEVER
INTENDED FOR THE PUBLIC EYE.
A COMPLETE INSIGHT INTO THE RECENT BEAR
' MOVEMENT ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE,
AND THE ACTORS IN THE DRAMA.
HOW TREASURY OFFICIALS SQUEEZED THE
MONEY MARKET AND MADE A PILE
ON NEW YORK CENTRAL.
THE NOBLE EFFORTS OF THE ENGLISH
LORD TO PRODUCE A MONEY PANIC
FULLY APPRECIATED BY HIS MANY
MASTERS ON THE STREET, AND
THE KEEPERS OF HIS
CONSCIENCE.
THE PANICKY ARTICLES OF A SENSATION
DAILY PAPER WRITTEN IN DELMONI-
COS, ON A SUNDAY EVENING,
OVER A BOTTLE OF CHAMPAGNE.
THE ENGLISH LORD OR SOMEBODY ELSE,
PAYS FOUR DOLLARS TO A TRUCK-
MAN TO DRIVE UP AND DOWN BROAD
STREET, WITH A HANDBILL OF
THE GREAT ACCIDENT ON THE
ERIE RAILWAY, FOR STOCK-
JOBBING PURPOSES.
A NEW SYSTEM OF MORALS FOR WALL STREET,
INAUGURATED BY HIGHLY RESPECT-
ABLE GENTLEMEN.
A DRAMA OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
It was just one week ago last Sunday evening, April
12, that a number of Wall street celebrities dropped
into Debnonicos one by one, and stepped up to the
cashier, when that individual gave each one tbe number
of a private parlor up stairs, to which they hurried.
Finally the throng ceased to arrive, when .in stepped a
queer looking individual, who* cast his or her eyes
aroundwhich ever way the reader will have ituntil
Delmonico made his appearance. The mysterious per*
son immediately whispered something in Delmonioo's
ear, and Delmonico then, in turn, whispered something
in the mysterious individuals ear, and the personage
in question glided up stairs. Thif, dear reader, was
the


$Iue |Uv0luti0.
253
FINANCIAL EDITOR OP THE REVOLUTION,
who is always on hand, early and late, to give the pub-
lic all the ohit-eliat on the street. And now, dear reader,
let 'us inform you that the representative of The
Revolution has been gifted, with the pover ofbeing
invisible at times by the
FAIRY QUEENS OF HUMPTY DUMPTY
and the 'White Fawn, and this accounts for our prying
into the secrets of the
GREAT WALL STREET RINGS,
and exposing them to the public gaze. But to return
to the large party of nabobs that previously glided
up stairs so privately, and here they are all in parlor
No. . In the centre of the room stood the
NOBLE ENGLISH LORD,
surrounded by a large number of
SSYLOCKS', BEARS AND TREASURY SPECULATORS.
The occasion of this assemblage was the presentation
of a handsome testimonial to the
ENGLISH LORD,
for his noble efforts to create a general panic and
smash things generally. The party was very select,
and included the
GRAND DUTCH-SS, GENTLEMANLY PETE,
HIS CONFEDERATE WITH THE FENIAN NAME,
SWEET WILLIAM ; HANG DOG CHASE,
BROOKLYN PRUYN, TYCOON RUSSELL, BLUE
PILL SHELTON, CAPTAIN JOHN AND HIS FOS-
TER BROTHER; REUBEN, OF THE STOCK
EXCHANGE, WITH THE BRUNETTES COMPLEX-
- ION AND SPANISH LOOK ; NAPOLEON BURR,
AND OTHERS.
THE ENGLISH LORD
seemed perfectly at home, notwithstanding ihe church
beils were chiming for evening service, and no doubt he
considered the
NOBLE CAUSE
in which he was engaged a Sufficient excuse for the
gathering oh Sunday evening, and probably many of
the other Christians present thought the same.
There is no disputing the fact that the
ENGLISH LORD
deserves some recognition at the hands of his bear
friends, and we are happy to Know that he has fared so
well. The party finally sat down to the table, which
groaned with the
LUXURIES OF THE SEASON,
and in the following order :
THE GRAND DUTCH-SS.
THE ENGLISH LORD,
TYCOON RUSSELL,
SPANISH REUBEN,
BLUE PILL SHELTON,
NAPOLEON BURR,
CAN-CAN DODGE,
THE GOVERNMENT
FENIAN,
MONTANA DE CORDOVA,
SWEET WILLIAM,
HANG DOG CHASE,
BROOKLYN PRUYN,
^ CAPTAIN JOHN,
*§ FOSTER BROTHER,
K SBYLOCK VAIL,
QUARTZ HTT.T. JONES,
JONES SHADOW.
GENTLEMANLY PETE
The Company then fell to and did full justice to the
good things on the table, after which the doth was re-
moved and champagne and speechifying were the order
of the evening,
THE GRAND DUTCH-SS
here arose amid thunders of applause and spoke as fol-
lows : Assembled band of brothers who live by
SPONGING THE GREAT AMERICAN NATION.
After offering up our devout thanks to Providence, for
the great blessings we enjoy, in having the inside
TRACK OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
We cannot more worthily commence the evenings
proceedings than by presenting to our
Then turning to the noble Lord, he said, AUowmemy
noble Mend; in the name of that .
ARTFUL DODGER, CAN-CAN DODGE,
and our Spanish Mend
REUBEN THE MANLY,
who has managed so juicily the
NEW YORK CENTRAL SHORT ACCOUNT
this time, to present you with greenback photographs of
eminent statesmen, Ohief JusticeSecretaries of the
Treasury, and our blessed martyr President, which you
will find possessed of that magic power of open sesame
to every luxury,amusement and pleasure which the heart
of your Loidship may desire, always, however, permit
me to observe, within the boundaries of the United
States. I regret to say that the ignorant prejudices of
foreigners do not appreciate at their true value these
greenback photographs ; but my Lord, if you wish to go
abroad and in deference to the prejudices of foreigners
to take with you the California yellow product, pray let
me know, and I will instruct the
GENTLEMANLY PETE AND THE GOVERNMENT
FENIAN.
to make a raid upon the gold market so that you can
provide yourself with the yellow metal cheap, in ex-
change for your greenback photographs. As the Artful
Dodger could tell you,
WE CAN SMASH ANYTHING
thanks to a kind Providence and the Treasury Depart-
ment.
WE CAN SMASH VANDERBILT.
We have smashed Vanderbilt. Look at his New York
Central, 184 when we began smashing, and see where it
is now, 117audit will be down 10 per cent, before
three days are over your head, but when it gets to 110,
I would advise your Lordship to begin to cover, and
take a line for a rise, because I tell you when we have
closed our shorts and gone long, ihe way the Treasury
Department will buy 7.30s
AND SHOVEL OUT GREENBACKS
will make your head ache. Yes, my Lord, this week ev-
erything will look black and money will be so scarce that
TYCOON RUSSELL WILL FEEL
as if he was in Paradise, or making up the accounts of
big
FRIENDS CHADWICK AND SONS
as he did 30 years ago. When my Spanish Mend
REUBEN, THE MANLY,
has got my New York Central account all fixed for the
long tack, and the
ARTFUL DODGER, CAN-CAN DODGE
1 w
is up to his eyes in New York Central certificates, then
thanks to a kind Providence and the Treasury Depart-
ment, we shall have money so cheap and prices so high
that everybody will be delighted, and we shall make more
money than we did by smashing things down. I con-
sider it a stroke of genius which will immortalize me
for hitting upon the splendid idea of getting the Artful
Dodger to knock down the price of 7-30s with sales of
$5,000 and $10,000 and offerings of $100,000$500,000 and
$1,000,000, when there was nobody present that could
buy $10,000, while I took these forced quotations as the
fair market price, but in order to make sure that nobody
would sell I took good care to fix my price at X Per cen^
under that, for only think, ny friends. ,
IF I HAD BOUGHT 7-30s
and let the greenbacks loose, where should we all have
been to-night ? Why, New York Central would never
have gone below 125, nor 7-30s below 107X> aud money
would have been easy at 6 to 7 per cent.
THINK OF MY GENIUS,
here the
GRAND DUCH-SS SNIGGERED AND WIPED HIS SPEC-
TACLES,
in preventing all these dreadful things, by always man-
aging never to buy 7-30s, As for those
NEWSPAPER MEN THAT BOTHER
NOBLE FRIEND THE ENGLISH LORD,
ihe sweet souvenir of our tender regards and high
appreciation of the valuable services he has rendered
us by
HIS PANNICKY WRITINGS AND PREDICTIONS OF RUIN
me, I despise them, I humbug them, I tell them just
what suits me, not what suits them or the public.
WHO IS THE PUBLIC ?
Here the Grand Dutch-ss became profane, using lan-
guage which The Revolution cannot print,
and consigning them all to regions of a fervid tempera*
tore. He continued, in conclusion I must beg of your-.
LORDSHIP TO PUBLISH AN ARTICLE
in your Tuesday mornings edition, (April 14th), which
has been carefully prepared this evening by
BROOKLYN PRUYN, HANGDOG CHASE AND SWEET
WILLIAM.
The article smacks of Delmonicos champagne, aiid is
rich in historical allusions to
SIR MORTON PETO, OVEREND, GURNEY A CO., THE
CREDIT MOBILISE OF PARIS,
and other bosh of a most charming description, which
will Mghten into fits every money lender and Wall
street man. Your Lordship must rub these things in
and blaze away,
PREACHING BLUE RUIN
to everything and everybody. We must make
WALL STREET DANCE THE CAN-CAN
to your Lordships music of the spheres. Here I
beg to present you with the literary production of- our
three Mends, which you will please to have
APPEAR IN YOUR PAPER,
without fail, on Tuesday, April 14. The Grand Dutch-
ss here glared lovingly through his spectacles, and
gesticulated wildly, while his Lordship bowed with
stately dignity, and said it should be done with all his
heart, for he detested the whole tribe of stock-brokers
and speculators as a
PARCEL OF LOW GUTTER SNIPES.
Sweet William here arose, and the lappel of his coat
fell gracefully back of its own accord, while his heavy
moustache and light fantastic toe were agitated with
gentle confusion.
SWEET WILLIAM SAID
No occasion for' speecheschips boys, chips. His
lordship takes the basket of chips. A11 right. Articles
in whenever we want and
BROOKLYN PRUYNHANGDOG CHASE
and myself will write them. Everything going down
til]
UNCLE DANIEL GIVES THE WORD.
Im in for the chips, as you know, and Uncle Daniel
is my boss now, I sail in the old mans boat lor this
turnthat is, so loijg as he supplies the chips. We
understand each other. Whats the use of talking. Fill
my glass. Here Sweet William proposed a toast, as it
was Sunday night,
THE SACRED CAUSE OF THE CHIPS.
The toast wa9 drank standing, in three full bumpers,
with solemn silence.
BROOKLYN PRUYN SAID
he ran his National Bank for chips, thanks to my friend,
Sweet William ; and I will write some more articles for
his lordship to publish, as his lordships style is rather
monotonous, and the public wants stirring up with
something new, as they get tired of his perpetuaUy
harping on my daughter.
I hope that the Grand Duch-ss will smash down New
York Central ten per cent, this week. He can do it if he
likes by selling gold.
HANGDOG dHASE
said he was ditto to Sweet William, and was always ready
for anything he wanted, even to bursting up at short
notice.
CAPTAIN JOHN SAID
this was a great country, and everything was rotten in
it; that the cliques ought to be broken np, as they were
an imposition on the public; but that he wiped his hands
of all that sort of thing, and advised everybody to 190k
out. '
FOSTER, BROTHER, GOT UP,
put his hand in his pocket, winked two or three times,
made a face, and then sat down again, with feelings evi-
dently too deep for utterance.
NAPOLEON BURR GOT UP,
and stood on a chair opposite the glass for five minutes,
to the infinite admiration of himself and the assembled
company. His self-satisfied air gave great confidence to
the assembled bears that the
DREW PROGRAMME WAS
AND ETERNAL SMASH.
DENOUNCING THE PUBLIC AND NEWSPAPER MEN,
working right well.


254

SPANISH REUBEN, THE MANET,
said be bad retired from business, and did not like to
risk anything ; but on a sure pop, with kind
PROVIDENCE AND THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT
on his side, he was always ready to take a Manly* pull,
for the
GRAND DUTCHSS AND HIS FRIENDS,
especially in New York Central, which he knew how to
handle to a dot. The Manly pull took down the
house, and everybody wanted to make Spanish Reuben
the Manly his bioker.
TYCOON RUSSELL SAID
he wanted seven per cent, gold for his bank, and he
would carry New York Central for a commission and
share of the profits.
BLUE-PILL SHELTON SAID
that on Tuesday, when his lordship published
BROOKLYN PRUYNs ARTICLE ABOUT SIR MORTEN
PETO, OVEREND GURNEY AND CO., CREDIT MOBI-
LlWft,
and the British bosh, he would smash the market by
selling, through
GBOESBECK AND CO., ALL THE EXPRESS STOCKS,
and all the prominent stocks on the list, beginning
with New York Central, and by that means he would
bring on a panic, and enable everybody to cover their
shorts and go long at low prices.
CAN-CAN DODGE SAID
he bad a huge pile of shorts to get in on New York Cen-
tral, and that something had got to be done quick, for
MCULLOCH WOULD BE COMPELLED
to buy 7-30s in May, and money would be easy in spite
of their teeth.
THE GENTLEMANLY PETE
then rose and said he had been studying the classics
lately, aud he had acquired a passion for Greek odes ;
that his friend Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer was a trump ;
and that the Last Days of Pompeii was the finest
novel he had ever read ; that his friend the Grand
Dutoh-ss told him so ; and that the
BLIND GIRL OF POMPEII
was the most touching female character he had ever
seen. Fete then proposed, in honor of his friends Sir
Edward Lytton Bulwer and the Grand Duteh-ss,
GLAUCUS, AND THE BLIND GIRL OF POMPEII,
which was drank with becoming honors.
THE GOVERNMENT FENIAN
rather sneered at these classic tastes of the gentlemanly
Pete, and remarked,
PETE, WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT GLAUCUS
AND THE BLIND GIRL OF POMPEII ?
Quartz Hill Jones, Jones Shadow and Montana De
Cordova, at this stage of the evening, Ipeeime so soft
that Delmoiiico was requested to have them carefully de-
posited on sofas in an adjoinidg room. At the close,
his
LORDSHIP SAID HE ENDORSED
everything that had been said or done ; that he would
write, ruin and smash up, and talk it to everybody he
met; and that he would publish anything in that line
that they sent to him. The company parted with ex-
pressions of fond regard for each other, and they all
EMBRACED THE GRAND DUTCH-SS,
who gave them his blessing. Since this evenings enter-
tainment, which took place at Delmonicos on Sunday
evening, April 12,
NEW YORK CENTRAL WENT DOWN
to 108%, the Express Stocks were smashed down, and
everything took place according to the programme ar-
ranged on that evening.
BROOKLYN PBUYNS ARTICLE
was published on Tuesday, April 14 ; and Blue-pill Shel-
ton, through Groesbeck and Co,, smashed the Express
Stocks, New York Central, and the whole list. Spanish
Reuben took a Manly pull at New York Central for the
GRAND DUTCH-SS, AND CAN-CAN DODGE
did the same for his friends. The Grand Dulch-ss
stopped his gold sales, and will commence Tn airing every-
thing easy, so that New York Central may go up, and
everything become lovely and altogether pleasant. In
the meantime the people are becoming more and more
bal'd up, and starvation stares them in the face, while
these
CORMORANTS OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT
are fattening on the spoils. Thus The Revolution *
has brought to the light a little secret drama from the
inner temple of Wall street. How do the people like it ?
the hones: market
was easy at the close of the week, the supply at 7 per
cent, being in excess of the demand. There was a bet-
ter feeling in the market on Friday and Saturday be-
cause no gold was sold by government and it was said
that Mr. McCulloch intended to buy 7-30 notes and dis-
burse more freely. The banks are gaining currency
from the country. The banks show an increase of loans
and deposits and decrease in legal tenders.
The following is a statement of the ohanges in the
New York city banks compared with the preceding
week :
Aprill 1th April 18th Differences.
Loans, $252,936,725 $254,820,986 Inc. $1,884,261
Specie, 16,843,150 16,776,642 Inc. 433,492
Circulation, 34,194,272 34,218,581 Inc. 24,309
Deposits, 179,851,880 181,832,523 Inc. 1,980,643
Legal tenders, 51,982,609 60-,833,660 Dec. 1,148,949
THE GOLD MARKET
is firmer and advanced owing to the advance in the rates
of foreign exchange to a point at which specie can be
shipped, and an increase in the exports of specie is
looked for next month.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week
were as follows:
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 11, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Monday, 13, 138% 139 138% 138%
Tuesday, 14, 138% 138% 138% 188%
Wednesday, 15, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Thursday, 16, 138% 138% 138 138%
Friday, 17, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Saturday, 18, 138% 138% 138% 138%
Monday, 20, 138% 139 138% 139
T'TTP FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
has been again advanced owing to the short supply of
cotton and other produce bills, and in expectation of a
large demand next month for the May coupons due to
Europe and remittances from importers. The quota-
tions are : prime bankers 60 days sterling bills 110 to
110% and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on Paris long
5.13% to 5.12% and sight 5.10% to 5.10.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
touched its lowest point on Wednesday and Thursday,
April 15th and 16th, and has gradually improved since
then. New York Central was sold at 108% and Erie at
64%. The Western shares are active and firm. Pacific
Mail is dull. The Express companies shares haVe had a
heavy tumble but they are now better.
Musgrave & Cos, 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 40% to % ; Wells, Fargo & Co., 28% ; Ameri-
can Express, 61 to 63; Adams Express, 60 to 62;
United States Express, 61 to 64 j Merchants Union Ex-
press, 33 to 33%; Quicksilver, 26% to 27 ; Mariposa,
9% to 13 ; Pacific Mail, 91%; Atlantic Mail, 26 to 33 ;
W. U. Tel., 36% to 37 ; New York Central, 119% to 120 ;
Erie, 70% to 71; preferred, 71% to 71%; Hudson
River, 131; Reading, 87 to 87% ; Tol.W. & W., 49% to
51; preferred, 72 ; Mil. & St. P., 60% to 61; Ohio k Mi
C. 31 to 81% ; Mich. South, 89% to 89%; 111. Central, 141
to 143 ; Cleveland & Pittsburg, 78% to 82; Cleveland
& Toledo, 102% to 103; Rock Island, 91% to 92 ; North
Western, 61% to 62; do. preferred, 73% to 74 ; Ft. Wayne,
101% to 102.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are strong and there is an active demand for invest-
ment.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau st., report the following quo-
tations :
Registered, 1881, 112 to 112%; Coupon, 1881, 112%
to 112% ; 5-20 Registered, 1862; 104 to 104%; 5-20 Cou-
pon, 1862, 111% to 111%; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 109% to
109%; 5-20 Coupon, J.865, 109% to 110%; 5-20 Cou-
pon, Jan. and July, 1865, 107% M 108; 5-20 Coupon,
1867, 108% to 108%; 10-40 Registered, 102 to 102% ;
10-40 Coupon, 102% to 102%; June, 7-30, 106% to
106% ; July, 7-30,106% to 106% ; May Compounds, 1864,
118%; August Compounds, 117%; September Com-
pounds, 117; October Compounds, 116%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
fortbe week were $2,634,582 against $2,237,616, $2,561,928
and $2,925,744 for the preceding weeks. The imports
of merchandise for the week are $4,660,458 against $4,522;-
237, $5,701,225, $5,297,178 aud $7,576,117, for the preced-
ng weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie, are $3,018,
396 against $4,731,689, $3,996,447, $1,946,376 and $4,052,-
946 for the preced ing weeks. The exports of specie were
91,625,498 against $891,087, $1,281,052, $556,675 and $276,
502 for the preceding weeks.
OUR AGENTS.
Mbs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st, N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mbs. O. Squires, Utica, N. Y.
Mbs. M. A. Newman, Binghamton, N. Y.
Miss Mabia S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mrs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, E. I.
Mrs. E. P. Whipple, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mrs. R. B. Fischer, 923 Washington st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mbs. M. H. Bbinkerhoff, Utica. Mo.
Mrs. A. L. Quxhby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mrs. E. A. Kingsbury, Iowa.
Mrs. L. C. Dundobe, Baltimore, Md.
Miss Clair R. DEvere, Newport, Maine.
Mbs. H. M. F. Brown, Chicago, 111.
Mbs. G. L. Hilderbrand, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mbs. Julia A. Holmes, Washington, D. C.
Mbs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. J. Martin, Atchison, Kansas,
Mbs. Geo. Roberts, Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mbs. Laura A. Berry, Nevada.
Mb. J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington Road, Camberwell, Lon-
don, England.
Banking house
of
JAY COOKE & CO.',
No. 20 WALL ST., COR. OF NASSAU ST., NEW YORK.
We buy mid sell at the most liberal current prices
and keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERNMENT BONDS OF ALL ISSUES,
SEVEN-THIRTIES,
AND
COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES,
and execute orders for purchase and sale of
STOCKS, BONDS AND GOLD.
We have added to our office a Retail Department, for
the accommodation of the public demand for investment
in and exchanges of Government Securities, the pur.
chase Gold and Interest Coupons, and the sale of In-
ternal Revenue Stamps.
SEVEN-THIRTIES CONVERTED INTO FIVE TWEN-
TIES AT THE MOST FAVORABLE RATES.
, JAY COOKE & CO.
I S K AND HATCH,
BANKERS AND DEALERS IN
GOVERNMENT SECURITIES,
NO. 5 NASSAU STREET,
BUY AND SELL AT MARKET RATES,
ALL DESCRIPTIONS
OF
UNITED STATES SECURITIES,
and give especial attention to-the conversion
SEVEN-THIRTY NOTES
INYO TEE
NEW FIVE-TWENTY BONDS OF 1865 AND 1867.
Holders of the Sixes of 1881, and Five-twenty Bonds
of 1862, and May 1,1865, may now realize a liberal differ-
ence by exchanging them for the new 5-2Cs of 1865-7.
We are prepared to make these exchanges upon the most
favorable terms.
Deposits received and collections made.
FISK & HATCH, No. 5 Nassau street.
JJOME INSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, $100,000.00.
OFFICERS.
D. R. ANTHONY, President,
F. E. HUNT, Vice-President,
A. D. NIEMANN, Secretary.
OFFICE49 MAIN STREET,
Leavenworih, Kansas.


gUvodwtiflii.
255
T
HE POLICIES
OF THE
T
[HE CREDIT FONCIER OF AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, PRESIDENT.
AMERICAN
POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE CO.
419, 421 BROADWAY, N. Y.,
ARE THE
BEST NEW YEAR PRESENTS
FOR A WIFE, FOR A FAMILY,
FOR A DAUGHTER, FOR A SON,
FOR YOURSELF.
For a wife or Family a whole LIFE POLICY is the best
hing possible.
For a Daughter or Son an ENDOWRY POLICY is the
most desirable, as it is payable at marriage or other speci-
fied time.
For one's own self the best New Year treat is a LIFE
RETURN ENDOWMENT POLICY, which is issued only
by this Company; it gives the person a certain sum if he
lives to a specified time, or to his heirs if he decease be-
fore, with the return of the Endowment Premiums with
interest. It theretore truly combines all the advantages
of Insurance and a Savings Bank, which has not before
been done.
rjlEAS AND COFFEES.
ESTABLISHED 1861.
THE
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA
The following are among the first one hundred share-
holders of the Credit Foneier and owners of Columbns :
Augustus Kountee, [First National Bank, Omaha.]
Samuel E. Rogers, Omaha.
E. Creighton, [President 1st National Bank, Omaha.]
Thomas C. Durant, Y. P. U. P. R. R.
James H. Bowen, [Presf 3rd National Bank, Chicago.]
George M. Pullman.
George L. Dunlap, [Superintendent N. W. R. R,]
John A. Dix, [President U. P. R. R.]
William H. Guion, [Credit Mobilier.]
William H. Macy, [President Leather Manf, Bank.]
Charles A. Lambard, [Credit Mobilier] Director U. P. R. R.
Oakes Ames, M. C., [Ciedit Mobilier.]
John M. S. Williams, [Director Credit Mobilier.]
John J. Cisco, [Treasurer U. P. R. R.]
H. Clews.
William P. Fumiss.
Cynls H. McCormick, [Director U. P. R. R.]
Hon. Simon Cameron.
John A. Griswold, M. C., [President Troy City National
Bank.]
Charles Tracy.
Thomas Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
F. Nickerson, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
E. H. Baker, Baker & Morrlil, [Credit Mobilier,] Boston.
W. T. Glidden, Glidden & Williams, Boston, [Credit Mo-
bilier.]
H. S. McComb, Wilmington, Del., [Credit Mobilier.]
James H. Orne, [Merchant,] Philadelphia.
George B. Upton, [Merchant,] Boston. -
Charles Macalester, [Banker,] Philadelphia.
C. S. Bushnell, [Director U< P. R. R-3 Credit Mobilier.
A.. A* Low, [President Chamber Commerce.]
Leonard W. Jerome.
H. G. Stebbins.
0. C. & H. M. Taber.
David Jones, [Credit Mobilier. ]
Ben. Holladay, [Credit Mobilier.]
Hon. John Sherman, U. S. S.
COMPANY
Are continually receiving direct from the Chinese an d
Japanese factors, fresh importations of the choicest
flavored Teas. During the past few months th Company
have received two entire cargoes, one of which was THE
LARGEST CARGO EVER IMPORTED into this country,
and of the finest quality.
Parties getting their Teas from us may confidently
rely upon getting them pure and fresh, as they come
direct from the Custom House stores to our warehouses.
The Company continues.to sell at the following prices;
OOLONG (Biack), 60, 70, 80,90c., best $1 per lb.
MIXED (Green and Black,) 60, 70, 80, 90, best $1 pm? lb.
ENGLISH BREAEFAST, 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 20 per lb.
TMHERIAL (Green), 60, 70, 80,90, $1, $1 10, best $1 25
per lb.
YOUNG HYSON, (Green), 60, 70, 80, 90, $1, $1 10, best
$1 25 per lb.
UNCOLORED JAPAN, $1, $1 10, best $1 25 per lb.
GUNPOWDER, $1 25, best $1 50 per lb.
COFFEES ROASTED AND GROUND DAILY.
GROUND COFFEE, 20c., 25c., 30c., 35c., best 40c. per
lb. Hotels, Saloons, Boarding House Keepers, and
Families who use large quantities of Coffee, can econo-
mise in that article by using our FRENCH BREAKFAST
and DINNER COFFEE, which we sell at the low price of
30c. per lb., and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.
Consumers save 5 to 8 profits of middle-men or about
ONE DOLLAR per pound, by purchasing their Teas of
the
GREAT AMERICAN
TEA COMPANY,
31 AND 33 VESEY STREET,
Corner Church Street;
640 BROADWAY,
Corner of Bleecker Street;
461 EIGHTH AVENUE,
N. corner 34th Street;
299 SPRING STREET,
Bet. Hudson and Greenwich Streets;
205 FULTON STREET, BROOKLYN,
Corner Concord Street;
133 GRAND STREET,
WILLIAMSBURG
The oztxes along the line of
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
Divestment.
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days. Two Ocean Ferry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
this way t
The Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists (two thousand miles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce the Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilier (its contractors), a national
reality ; the Credit Fonder (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the- Union
Pacific Railroad. Under its. present Napoleonic leader-
ship, in 18 TO the road will be finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are already running west
of Omaha to the base of the mountains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omaha; where the
temporary bridge that has been constructed joins you
with the Pacific. Here is the time-table:
New York to Chicago (drawing-room car ail
the way, without change)...............38 hours.
Chicago to Omaha, without change (Pull-
mans sleeping palaces)......................24
Omaha to Cheyenne, or summit of Rocky
Mountains, (Union Pacific Railroad)......28
, 90 *
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Mountains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or the removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from your state-room.
The Credit Foneier of America owns the capitol addi-
tion to Columbus,probably the future capitol of Ne-
braska. What is the Credit Foneier?' Ask the first mil-
lionaire you meet, and the chances are he will tell you
that he was one of the one hundred original thousand
dollar subscribers. No other such special copartnership
of wealthy men exists on this continent. (A list of these
distinguished names can be seen at the Companys
office.)
Where is Columbus? Ask the two hundred Union
Pacific Railroad excursionists who encamped there on
the Credit Foneier grounds. Is it not the geographical
centre of this nation ? Ninety-six miles due west from
Omaha, the new Chicago; ninety-six miles Dorn the
Kansas border on the south ; ninety-six miles from the
Dacotah line on (he north, Columbus is situated on the
upper bottom, at the junction of the Platte and the Loup
Fork, and is surrounded by the finest agricultural lands in
the world.
The Credit Foneier lands extend from the railway
station across (he railway, and. enclose the Loup Fork
Bridge ; the county road to the Pawnee settlement run-
ning directly through the domain. As the railway sys-
tem expands, Columbus will naturally be the railway
eentte of the Sioux City, Nebraska City and Nemaha Val-
ley Railroads.
The Union Pacific Railroad Company were not slow to -
see that Columbus was the natural point for an im-
portant station. The Credit Mobilier owns lands near
the city, and some leading generals and statesmen are
also property owners round about. Would you make
money easy ? Find, then, the site of a city and buy the
tarm it is to be built on. How many regret the non-
purchase of that lot in New York; that block in Buffalo;
that farm in Chicago; that quarter section in Omaha.
Once these city properties could have been bought for a
song. Astor and Girard made their fortunes in this
way. The Credit Foneier, by owning the principal
towns along the Pacific line to California, enriches its
shareholders while distributing its profits by selling
alternate lots at a nominal price to the public.
The Credit Foneier owns 688 acres at Columbus, di-
vided into 80ft; streets and 20ft. alleys.
These important reservations are made : Two ten-acre
parks ; one tcn-acre square, for the university of Nebras-
ka ; one five-acre triangle, for an agricultural college!;
one five-acre quadrangle, for a public school; one acre
each donated to the several churches, Episcopal, Catho-
lic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, Congregational
and Baptist, and ten acres to the State for the new Capitol
buildings.
Deducting these national, educational and religious
donations, the Credit Foneier has over 3,000 lots (44x115)
remaining, 1,500 of which they offer for sale, reserving
the alternate lots for improvements.
ADVANTAGES.
First.-It is worth fifty dollars to a young man to be
associated with such a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase the
preference right to be interested in the next town
mapped out by the Credit Foneier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine.
Third.Owning 5,000 feet of land 1,700 miles off by
rail, extends ones geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia do not
compose the entire American Republic.
When this ocean bottomthis gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inland lake of ten
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, with corn-fields and villages, a lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing to have about the
house.
The object of the Credit Foneier in selling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to open up the boundless
resources along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East. Landed proprietorship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the em-
employee to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
thousand now.
As this allotment of 1,500 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a check to the Companys
office, 20 Nassau street, when you will receive a deed for
the property.
To save the lot-owner the trouble of writing, the Credit
Fonder pays all taxes, for two years. .
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property in Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at the foot of the mountains, four hundred
miles west of Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots there selling for three thou-
sand dollars.
Host of the Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
are the Shareholders of the Credit Foneier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P.BEMIS,
Secretary.
Office of the Company, 20 Nassau Street, New Yobs


256
ft*
The Revolution;
THE ORGAN OF THE
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
1. In PounceEducated Suffrage, Irrespective of
Sex or Color; Equal Pay to Women for Equal Work;
Eight Hours Labor; Abolition of Standing Armies and
Party Despotisms. Down-with PoliticiansUp with the
People!
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas ;
Soience not Superstition; Personal Purity; Love to Man
as well as God.
3. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholio Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ly and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements, which even
Religious Newspapers introduce to every family.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold,
like our Cotton and Corn, for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance. American
Products and Labor Free. Foreign Manufactures Pro-
hibited. Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping ; or American goods in American bottoms.
New York the Financial Centre of the World. Wall
Street emancipated from Bank of England, or American
Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote One Hun-
dred and Twenty-five Millions for a Standing Army and
Freedman's Bureau for the Blacks, cannot they spare
Ooe trillion for the Whites, to keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland ?
Send in your Subscription. The Revolution, pub-
lished weekly, willbe the Great Organ of the Age.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
($10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ) -.
PARKER PILLSBURY, j
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
37 Park Row (Room 17), New York City,
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF, ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line..................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.............18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line...........16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row, New York.
THE REVOLUTION
may be had of the American News Company, New
York; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Louis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.
550 MILES
OF the
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT
ARE NOW FINISHED.
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for coo struction have proved am-
ple, and there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous
prosecution of the enterprise. The Companys FIRST
MORTGAGE BONDS, payable, PRINCIPAL AND IN-
TEREST, IN GOLD, are now offered at par. They pay
SIX PER CENT., IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANYS OFFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN
J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and by
the Companys advertised Agents throughout the United
States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources-for Construction, and
Value of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offi-
ces or of its advertised Agents, or will be sent free on
application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
April 10, 1868. New York.
LANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
ET EVERY WOMAN BE HER OWN
ADVISER.
The best way she can attain this position is by pos-
sessing a copy of Wellss Every Man His Own Lawyer
and Business Form Book. It is a oomplete guide in all
matters of law and business for every State In the Union.
No one who has or expects to have any property, rights,
or privileges whioh require protection, can afford to be
without a copy. The entire leaning press of the coun-
try indorse the work. The book is published 12mo,
650 pages, and sent post-paid, full library binding, on
receipt of $250. Address,,
B. W. HITCHCOCK,
98 Spring street, New York.
ASTERN HYGEIAN HOME.
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
R. T. TRALL, M.D., - ) Phvsiclans
ELLEN BEARD HARMAN, M.D.,) ^ny81Cians*
This institution is beautifully situated on the Delaware
River, midway between Bordentown and Burlington.
Ail classes of invalids are treated on strictly Hygienic
principles. In the College Department patients and
guests have the privilege of hearing most of the lectures
ofProfessors Trail and Harman to the medical class.
City office No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York. Send stamp
for circulars.
Office, 361 West 34th street, )
N. Y. Feb. 11, 1868. J
MRS. C. S. LOZIER, M.D., dean of THE
" N. Y. Medical College and Hospital for Women
and Children, desires in this way to ask assistance from
any of our citizens, men or women, to purchase a desir-
able building and grounds in the upper part of this city,
offered to the Board of Trustees for $31,000. They have
about $15,000 of the amount. Any one able to help, them
to secure this property either by donation or loan, with-
out interest, will forward a noble cause. Apply or write
to MRS. C. F. WELLS, Secretary of the Board of Trus-
tees, No. 389 Broadway, firm of FOWLER & WELLS.
EARLE H. SMITH,
ATTORNEY IN PATENT CAUSES ,
AND
SOLICITOR OF JJ. 8. & FOREIONPATENTS,
319 & 121 NASSAU STREET,
x NEW YORK.
J^ECTURES AND SPEECHES
OF
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1867. Price
25 cents.
SIX WEEKS IN THE WEST.
Protection to American Iudustry, versus British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 126 pages.
1666. Price 25 cents.
FENIANISM.
Speech on Irish Independence and English Neu-
trality, delivered before the Fenian Congress and
'Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18, 1865. Price 25 cents.
Speeohes in England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents.
UNION SPEECHES.
Delivered in England during the American War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents.
TRAINS UNION SPEECHES.
Second Series. Delivered in England during the
American War. Price 25 cents.
SPEECH ON THE DOWNFALL OF ENGLAND.
And a Sermon on the "Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17, 1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
"YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
"The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Lie?
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
150 pages. 1860. Price 25 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mail, at
prices named.
For sale at the office of
'* THE REVOLUTION,"
37 Park Row (Room 17),
New York.
gT ABB & MARCUS,
22 JOHN STREET.
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
of the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WARE
AT RETAIL,
Warranted superior to the FinestSheffield Plate,


Full Text
AtizMessage
header
from
library
station
to
date
content
meta
title
subtitle
author
firstName
middleName
lastName
displayName
languageCode format ISO639-2
yearPublished
file
contentNum
type
size
name
originalName
creationDate
digitizer
username
capturedBy


xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
ListFile Path Z:\DIGITIZATION\Miscellaneous\2 Scan\AA00003578_00016\ LastIndex 8 CropLeft CropRight
Pages
Left Crop False Resize
Right 00002.JPG
00003.JPG
00004.JPG
00005.JPG
00006.JPG
00007.JPG
00008.JPG
00009.JPG
00010.JPG
00011.JPG
00012.JPG
00013.JPG
00014.JPG
00015.JPG
00016.JPG
00017.JPG