Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

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Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICT: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO~ 18.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MAY 7, 1868.
$2 A TEAR.
SINGLE COPY 10 CENTS.
!jf linuUlttiiill.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, J JSdltors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 17).
ANNA E. DICKINSON.
On Friday evening, in Steinway Hall, Anna
E. Dickinson will deliver her popular lecture,
Idiots and Women. This is pronounced by
good judges as the ablest lecture she has ever
delivered. Let all those who desire to hear
this eloquent orator make sure of doing so on
Friday evening, as she will not speak again this
season, having declined all invitations to attend
the anniversaries. As she will probably go to
England in the fall, it may be the last opportu-
nity to hear her for some time.
WE AT IS RECONSTRUCTION?
Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, was
travelling, a year ago, in tne Southern States as
a political missionary and colporteur. He had
just before been converted and united with the
orthodox congregational church, and the news-
papers everywhere reported the event. So the
public-was prepared to accept his testimony as
to the actual condition of the rebel states, as
well as now to believe on his assurance ; that
General Grant is a very paragon of teetotal
abstinence.
The Senator reported the South as rapidly ap-
proaching the millennial state. Indeed his
ravishing descriptions of what he saw and heard
were well denominated Paradise Regained
and there seemed no reason why Tennessee
should be in the Union, and those delectable
regions kept out. But somehow Mr. Wil-
sons word was fearfully at variance with other
authorities, official and otherwise, and now it
appears that Tennessee is in open revolt, and
that Governor Brownlow is compelled to resort
to military force to preserve the peace. The
New York Times says :
The condition of Tennessee is far worse than that of
any other Southern State. The violence of political par-
ties, the operations of secret societies, the feuds of fami-
lies and factions, the animosity between the white and
blacK races, the bitterness against the Brownlow govern-
ment and the Brownlow policy, have brought about a
state of affairs in whioh life is unsafe, society is in con-
stant disturbance and industry is seriously prostrated.
We have recently had accounts from gentlemen conver-
sant with matters in the Middle and Western portions of
the State, which have given us a more vivid idea of
anarchy than anything that we have ever before heard of
in the United States.
Frederick Douglass has been elected to
deliver the next annual address before the stu-
dents of the Indiana State University.
ENGLISH IN JUSTICE TO WOMAN
A woman may reign in Great Britain supreme
sovereign over church, state, army, navy, every-
thing, but woman may not vote. She may own
and control property to a fabulous amount, pay
princely taxes, and conduct business on a most
gigantic scale in any and every department, by
land and sea, but must not vote! At a recent
meeting on Woman Suffrage, held in London,
and presided over by Professor Fawcett, Mr.
James Heywood, one of the speakers, said that
on the death of the late Mr. Ingram, the sole
care of the management of the Illuslraied Lon-
don News Ml on Mrs. Ingram. That journal,
he said, had an enormous circulation, and its
conduct required the exercise of the greatest
care and talent. Yet the lady on whom the
arduous task devolved was by the laws of the
land deprived of any share ih the government
of the country. That was a state of things, said
Mr. Heywood, which certainly ought not to be
permitted to exist. Mr. Thomas Hughes fol-
lowed with narratives of similar character, and
finally a petition to Parliament was agreed to,
which sets forth that women are competent, by
lav and in fact, to carry on a business, to ad-
minister an estate, and to fill other positions,
which, both by investing them with interests re-
quiring representation and by affording tests of
fitness, are usually considered to give, a claim
to the suffrage.
Progress of Ideas.Massachusetts should
not be deprived of any due award of praise for
what she has done in the past towards promot-
ing human culture and amelioration. But
her present progress appeals to be backward
and downward. Her Judiciary Committee has
not even one member to report favorably on the
question of Suffrage for Woman. Nor is there
reason to doubt but she would vote negro male
suffrage down to-morrow, were the question to
be taken. A year ago, Congress had fifteen
Senators and forty-five Representatives who
were known to be in favor of the equality of
woman as to citizenship. Probably the number
is more than twice that to-day. In the English
Parliament on Mr. J. S. Mills motion, last May,
there were seventy-three votes cast and counted
for the emancipation ot the sex ; and Prof. Faw-
cett, with hosts of others, the noblest and
ablest men and women in the realm, are re-
solved to have a yearly assault on that strong-
hold of social prejudiceon Mr. Cobdens plan
of breaking down the old Corn laws.
Woman in the Churches.An English jour-
nal says: The female communicants of several
large American churches are asking whether
they also have not souls ; and, if so,' why they
are excluded from choosing their minister ? It
will be very difficult to answer that question,
more especially as the average woman in
America shows more theology of a kind than
the average man, and subscribes quite liberally.
WHAT THE PRESS SATS OF US.
From the Dryden (N. Y.) Weekly News.
The Revolution.**It is fearless and outspoken,
and dares to pioneer a reform which, though in the end
must prove a blessing to man as well as woman, will on
the start bring down the taunts and jeers of a portion of
both sexes, who, to say the best, are opposed to all inno-
vations upon time-honored customs. Womans Rights
is its main themeher right to vote, to hold office, and
her right to secure equal compensation for the same la-
bor with man; and many other topics, connected with,
and growing outof her condition is discussed with bold-
ness. This is a talented and spicy sheet, which will pay
well its perusal.
Did you ever think, Mr. Editor, what a primi-
tive condition of things we should be in, if*
these narrow conservatives who hate-innova-
tions had it all their own way ? And did you
ever think how much these revolutionary wo-
men have done from the beginning to usher
in the new civilization. H it had not been for
the investigating mind of woman Adam would
have been lying on the side hills of Paradise,
sunning himself and picking flowers, until this
hour. If it had not been for the exploring
turn of woman, Columbus would not have dis-
covered America; and instead of discussing
grave questions in our sanctums in this repub-
lic, we might have been digging to-day in the
coal mines of England. We should have had
no printing-presses, steamboats, canals, or rail-
roads. No Columbiads, Monitors or Minnie
guns. No Croton water, gas or telegraphs.
No Union, Constitution, laws, Andy Johnson,
or Impeachment trial, if we had never done a
new thing. Away with time-honored .creeds,
codesand customs, and on with The Revo-
lution.
From the Coxsackie (N. Y.) News.
The Revolution is, to say the least, very enter-
tertaining and spicy. The last number contains many
excellently written articles ; Mr. Carys bill to establish
a uniform currency and provide for the payment of the
national debt; articles on the labor question; a letter
from Geo. Francis Train, etc.
From the Fredonia Advertiser.
The Revolution.Its articles are ably written and
argumentatively supported, especially those on the incon-
sistency of the Republican party in supporting Grant
for the Presidency, and for the conversion of U. S. Bonds
into Greenbacksthe peoples money, as witness the ar-
ticle elsewhere, What is a slave? taken from The
Revolution.
_ From the Brooklyn (N. Y.) Daily Times.
Women who demand the ballot, we are informed by
The Revolution, are those whohave brains and
babies ; who believe in one husband; in clean, comfort-
able, well-ordered homes ; in healthy, happy children,
and in the dignity and self-respect of those who serve
the householdwomen who do not follow fashion or
frivolity, but spend their leisure hours in works of charity
and reformin reading, writing, and healthy exercise.**
This condition seems to be one having all the essentials
of domestic happiness. In how mach would it be im-
proved by the privilege of voting ? And how many wo-
men would expose themselves to the loafering and
slang inseparable from the polls ?
Read the descriptions, Mr. Times, from Kan-
sas and Michigan of the elections, where wo-
men voted. How solemnly they walked in pro-
cession up to the polls; and how respectiully


274

the white male citizens, with raised hats,
received them. Remember, too, sir, that men
who loaf and use slang have their mothers,
wives, and daughters, and if a man shows out
what he is anywhere, it is at his own hearth-
stone. We need not go to the polls to find
men low, brutal, and vile, for, in the solitude
of home, with no eye save Omnipotence to pity,
no strong arm to help, women has already wit-
nessed worse scenes than could ever be realized
at the pollsscenes fit only for the bottomless
pit.
From the Independent, Sunbury, Fa.
The Revolution.We have before us No. 14 of
this journal. The paper looks neat, and its whole hobby
is woman.
How can you say that? Are not men equally
interested with women in all questions of poli-
tical economy? And do we not discuss capital,
laoor, land monopoly and greenbacks and penny
ocean postage? Oar whole hobby is jus-
tice, equality and the dignity of labor. Capital
has had labor by the throat long enough ; we
say hands off. We demand suffrage for all,
that th sse inequalities may be speedily ended.
The ballot is protection and power.
From the Frontier Index, Dakota.
The Revolution gives us fits for calling Mr.
Pillsbury a politician. We take it all back, and promise
not to do so any more, providing he will come out in fa-
vor of Geo. Francis Trains elbow platform.
A paper called tbe Index should be clear-
headed, and as true as the needle to the pole.
The Revolution considers Mr. Pillsbury one
of the wisest and most far-seeing politicians in
the couutry, and if you think we found fault
with you for calling him so, you are mistaken.
Not knowing how much elbow-room George
Francis has on his present platform, we should
not like to commit ourselves in its favor.
From Waldron's Democratic Volunteer, Hamilton, N. Y.
The Revolution.Although its distinctive feature
is the advocacy of Womans Rights, still it discusses
with bold and plain language all the great social ques-
tions of the day, and that too in the most able manner.
We have but one fault to find with it, and that is its
crotchety ideas as regards politics. Bat it is, neverthe-
less, a valuable and entertaining paper, and is richly
worth the subscription prioe.
Please point out which of our ideas is crotch-
ety, and give us yoor views on that point. We
desire above all things to find out the truth,
and shall consider those our friends who
will show us our errors. Our political ideas are
based on the golden rule and Declaration of In-
dependence, hence we believe that all men have
a right to life and liberty and happiness, and
we do not believe in laws that give a monied
aristocracy the power to make the masses their
abject slaves.
From the Dunkirk {N. Y.) .Union.
The Revolution. It is a lively, spicy sheet To
those who wish to keep posted on both sides of the
question it will be an interesting paper and worthy of
patronage.
It is both sides of every question that the
people should read and study, and when the
press does its duty in giving both sides im-
partially, civilization will make mighty strides
towards the golden age of wise opinions on gov-
ernment, religion, and social life.
From the Port Byron (N. Y.) Times.
The Revolution.This spirited little sheet is well
got up and printed on excellent paper. The peculiar
views of the editors on certain subjects, notwithstanding
they appear to be in advance of public opinion, should
be read and carefully weighed before judgment is pro-
nounced on their merits. It is certainly worthy of a
large circulation and general reading by tbe people.
That is just what we ask you to do. Lay aside
your old prejudices, read and carefully weigh
all we say to you. No matter what Mrs. Jones
and Mrs. Smith think, nor what our grand-
mothers have done from the beginning ; the
question to day is, to what end did God give a
woman a head and two hands, if not to use
them for her own support and protection. And
if she is weaker than man, on what principle
do you pay her half wages for the same work,
surely that is the very reason why the laws and
customs should all be in her favor, for govern-
ments were made to protect the weak against
the strong, not to make the strong stronger,
the rich richer, and the poor poorer.
From the Herkimer County Citizen, Ilion, N. Y.
We have the satisfaction for the first time, of looking
at a number of The Revolution. We find it, as we
expected to find it, a vigorous and in every sense master-
ly deiender of Womans Rights, and an unflinching de-
nouncer of the many Wrongs which society hastolerated
until they have grown to be prescriptive. It is not neces-
sary for us to say that the editors are abundantly capable;
and a glance at either of the sixteen pages which make
up the number before us, shows, conclusively enough,
that they both possess a large measure of that trait of
character so much commended by Hippocrateswhich
he, in his own euphonious vernacular, denominated
aUzractapoiesia, and which we, in ours, call pluck.
During its briei existence of fourteen weeks it has
been steadily growing into favor; it is already recog-
nized as a'powerful auxiliary to the cause of Social Re-
form, and the career of this particular Revolution
is not likely to be crab-like.
Ataractapoiesia is tbe great element needed
to face the world, tbe flesh, and the Devil.
And we assure you, Mr. Editor, we have full
use for all we possess. With the deepest
gratitude we admit that we feel wonderfully re-
inforced every time we read the words of com-
mendation on all sides from the press. We
trust you will think as much of us on a long
and intimate acquaintance as in our first intro-
duction. If Herkimer county wiil do its duty
in swelling our subscription list be sure we shall
never go backward, nor be crabbed in our deal-
ings with our fellow-beings.
From the Westchester Times, Morrisania, N. Y.
The Revolution.It advocates stTongly the rights
of woman to vote and engage in such ot the industrial
pursuits as her strength will permit. In polities it is
extremely radical, denouncing equally the two great po-
litical parties of the present time for their conserva-
tiveness. It is edited with decided ability. The ar-
ticles are so well written that the most bitter opponents
of the doctrines they advance must read with a certain
degree of pleasure. We advise our lady friends each to
procure and perusa a copy.
This is Mr. Greeleys district, and his be-
havior in the Constitutional Convention has
shown that it is important for The Revolu-
tion to circulate extensively in that county.
All that is necessary to get the noble Tribune
right on Womans Suffrage is to let him feel that
his fair constituency are wide awake on the
question. Although the women of this state
have asked the right of suffrage for twenty
years, yet Horace still gives as an excuse for
his cruelty the indifference of his petitioners.
Do what you can, Mr. limes, to stir up the
women of the district, mid call their attention to
The Revolution.
From the Schenectady (N. Y.) Weekly Union.
The Revolution.It is meeting with success.
It is a very neatly printed paper, and very spicy, inde-
pendent, and decided in its matter. Tbe paper sustains
the reputation that women generally have, of being good
talkers. It speaks with an air of authority, as women are
wont to speak. The paper is ably edited.
To be sure we speak with an air of author-
ity "because governing is womans native ele-
ment. Look how much better we govern chil-
dren at home and in school than men do.
Look how much better queens have governed
nations than kings, in faot men have utterly
failed in all their attempts at government, in
every age, latitude and under every form,
whether despotisms, monarchies or republics.
What a snarl we are in to-day weighing the
sage of Tennessee in the balance, and without
perchance finding him wanting anything move
than a re-election.
From tiie Geneva (N. Y.) Courier.
The Revolution is conducted with marked ability,
tact and spirit; and we sincerely hope that it may
speedily have one hundred thousand subscribers.
From the Coegmans Gazette.
The Revolution is quite a spicy little sbeet, but
somewhat Ishmaelitieh in its character. It is fearfully
down on the democrats ; it is equally severe on the re-
publicans, and it hates virulently the President, calling
him Barabbas Judas Johnson. The amiable ladies who
edit The Revolution are evidently admirers of
Wendell Phillips and all who favor strong minded wo-
men. Among the many admirably written articles, the
one on The National Labor Union deserves especial
commendation.
Ishmaelitish! we who speak for the down-
trodden masses, the mighty multitude for
whom there is no light or joy in life, we who
are trying our best to get both parties to adopt
the only safe basis of reconstruction, equal
rights to all, we who are rebuking abolitionists
for throwing overboard one half their clients in
demanding suffrage for the black man alone, and
pointing out to Wendell Phillips the straight
path in which he shonld walk, by passing from
an abolitionist to a statesman, calling his paper
the National Standard, and helping to fix the
status of £dJ the citizens of the republic, surely
this is not Ismaelitish ?
Fyn the Journal, Fishkill, N. Y.
The Revolution.It is noted chiefly for its advo-
cacy of so-called womens rights, the abuse of Gen.
Grant, and the condemnation of such portions of the
republican partys policy as is not in keeping with the
views of tlie Wendell Phillips school of politicians, who
have never yet done anything but discuss impractible
theories, while the progressive republican party have
accomplished nearly all that has been done in these lat-
ter times for freedom and equal rights. Deny this if you
dare, Messrs. Editors of The Revotution 1
As far as we understand the situation, Wen-
dell Phillips has been on the republican plat-
form for the last three years. They demand
manhood suffrage, so does he, nothing more,
nothing less.
From the Rondout Freeman.
The Revolution.It is an earnest and able cham-
pion of womans cause in its varied aspects ; discussing
her rights, difficulties and perplexities in a very
able manner. It is, besides, spicy, witty, and
spirited, and will do the cause much good. The
good, will, however, be much increased and the
paper will obtain a surer hold upon public favor
and a more ready attention from those whom it is desir-
ous to reach, by dismissing the idea that George Fran-
cis Trains welfare and mission are in any sense tbe bu-
siness of any woman except his wife, and that the de-
mocracy will ever help woman Suffrage. The ladies will
find that George Francis will give them much trouble,
as indeed his wife is a witness ; for he sent the poor wo-
man irom Australia to America in order that the forth-
coming little stranger might be eligible to the Presi-
dency. The child proved to he a girl, and George Fran-
cis was disappointed. Perhaps his close resemblance to
Betsey Trotwood leads to the belief that he is a woman.
Train again! If our paper wiil help to spread
the idea of womans suffrage, then the democrats
are doing it, for they helped us to start The
Revolution. We are in no way indebted to
Republicans or Abolitionists for our present
success, except as they subscribe for our jour-
nal. The only resemblance we see in Train to
Retsey Trotwood is, that like her, he has passed
a great deal of his time chasing donkeys from
forbidden pastures ; but in his last chase to
drive John Hull out of Ireland, he was entrap-



ped himself. We do not remember that Betsey
ever made such a, faux pas.
As to that oldest child ; in the good time
coming when women are to rule in this
republic, as they now reign in monarchies, it
may be important to this gil l that she was bom
in America. Whatever Mr. Train might have
felt twelve years ago, we know to- iay he takes
great pride in his bright, heroic daughter, who
has her fathers generous nature and fine in-
tellect, with a courage and common sense,
remarkable for one of her years. When travel-
ling, last summer to the Rocky Mountains, she
joined in the Buffalo hunts and by her fearless-
ness and enthusiasm in the chase, surprised
even the Indians. Perhaps Sue Train, through
her fathers forethought, may be our future
President. Why not, Mr. Freeman ?
FRANCHISE FOR WOMEN IN ENGLAND.
ARCHDEACONS, DEACONS, M.PS., AND LARGE
NUMBERS OF EMINENT LADIES IN ATTEND-
ANCE OR SENDING LETTERS OF SYMPATHY
AND APPROVAL: POWERFUL ADDRESS' BY
MRS. POCHINELOQUENT SPEECHES BY JACOB
BRIGHT, M.P., AND OTHERS!
We have too high an opinion of the readers of
The Revolution to suppose they will expect
any apology for the following rather extended
extracts from the proceedings of a grand meet-
ing just held in Machester, England, to pro-
mote the cause of Suffrage for woman. They
are condensed from that able, liberal and every
way excellent journal, the Manchester Examiner
and Times.
A public meeting in connection with the National
Society for Womans Suffrage, was held last night in the
Assembly Boom of the Free-trade Hall, the Mayor of
Salford (Mr. H. D. Pochin), presiding. The meeting
was well attended by both ladies and gentlemen, and on
the platform were a number of ladies, whose appearance
was the signal for loud and repeated applause. Several
of the most prominent leaders of the reform party were
similarly welcomed. Mr. Jacob Bright, M.P., and Mr.
T. B. Potter, M.F., each receiving a special cheer on
taking their places. Among other occupants of the
platform were the Ven. Archdeacon Sandford, Dr. Pank-
hurst, Fox Turner, T. H. Barker, Revs. T. L. Kennedy,
Houston, S. A. Steinthal, Rev. W. H. Herford, Thomas
Ashton Potter, Miss A. T. Rooertson Miss C. Robertson,
Mrs. Pochin. Mrs. Jacob Bright, Mrs. R. Eyllman, Mrs.
Max Kyllman, Miss S. Miall, Miss Alice Wilson, Mirh
Mary Wilson, Mrs. R. R. Moore, Miss Becker, M?ss
Esfclin, Miss Borehardt, Mrs. Rusden, Mrs. Green, Mrs.
Herford, and Mis9 Wosltenholme.
Miss Becker read a number of letter^, containing
expressions of regret at the inability of the writers to at-
tend the above meetiug, and of sympathy with its objects
which have been received from Mr. J. S. Mill, M.P.
Lord and Lady Amberley, the Dean of Canterbury, the
Rev. Dr. Temple, the Right Hon. Russell Gurney, M.P.,
the Right Hon. H. A. Bruce, M.P., Professor Fawcett,
M.P., Mr. J. D. Coleridge, M.P., Sir G. Bowyer, M.P.,
Mr. E. Baines, M.P., Mr. W. Ewart, M.P., Mr. W. H.
Leatham, M.P., Mr. Labouchere, M.P. Mr. T. Hughes,
M.P., the Hon. Percy Wyndham, M.P., Sir John Gray
M.P., Mr. Stansfield, M.P., Colonel Sykes, M.P., Proles-
sor Francis Newman, Miss Emily Davies, Miss Elizabeth
Garrett, L.S.A., Miss Helen Taylor, Professor Huxley,
Mr. John Westlake, Miss Frances Power Cobbe, Mr.
Thos. Hare, and the Rev. C. Kingsley.
The Chairman said it was with great pleasure that he
took the chair on this occasion, and endeavored, in his
humble way, to assist those who were disposed to be the
pioneers in a movement which he believed was destined
ere long to be one of considerable magnitude and irre-
sistible power. (Applause.) So far as he understood
the object of the meeting, they wereprepared to advocate
that to women should be extended the right to exercise
the franchise in all cases where they had the qualifica-
tion that would confer that franchise on the male part
of the community (applause)that they should not be
excluded trom it simply on the ground that they were
women. (Applause.) For his own part, he cared but
little about the exercise of the franchise for any particu-
lar class of the community, as the exercise of a mere
abstract right, but he saw very definite objects to be
accomplished by its extending to women. What he
sought in asking for such an extension was the removal
from the statute-book of some very bad laws, and the
substitution for them of laws more just and honest to-
wards those who where so largely mixed up with our
enjoyments in every relation of life. (Applause.) Every
person there must know hundreds of women who were
far more competent to exercise the franchise than thou-
sands of those already on the register. They were con-
stantly told that women had no interest in these sub-
jects. If women were not interested for themselves,
was it nothing to them that their children should be
under the guidance or control of just and fair laws?
But he contended that women were interested in the
subject for themselves. Were they not interested in
the law of debtor and creditor ? (Applause.) Were they
not interested in the law of iiusband and wife ? Was
it nothing to them that on the day of their marriage they
gave up evererything they possessed to their husbands ?
So far from women not having an interest in this ques-
tion, he would say that women would be deeply criminal
if they did uot take an interest in this question. The
past had established this fact, that women could not
allow men to be law-makera without active interference
on their part. The law, from beginning to end, seemed
to him to bear strongly the impress of mans hand, for
mans benefit. The last great measure passedthe
Reform Billwas not just and fair to women ; for while
it prevented them from having the benefit of the com-
pounder clause, it at the same time excluded them from
the franchise. When one man in the House of Commons,
Mr. J. S. Millrose to ask the House to give some three
hours consideration to the question, whether they were
acting fairly and justly towards women, what was the
result ? What a fine target he made for the arrows of
Punch and all the London laughing fry I How the
Solurday Review sneered at the bare idea that women
should have any other place in an act of parliament than .
that in the clause at the end which classed them with
the children I Was that just or fair? Let them laugh
on in their ignorant imbecility, mid their perverted s ense
of what was just and sfaiafto a large portion of the com-
munity ; but let this meeting decree that there should
be an end to this condition of things, and let everyone
do his best to secure just and equal laws for the women
of our community.
Miss Broker, who was lopdly cheered on rising,
moved the first resolution ;
That the exclusion of women from the exercise
of the franchise in the election of members of Parlia-
ment, being unjust in principle and inexpedient in
practice, this meeting is of opinion that the right
of voting should be granted to them on the same con-
dition as it is or may be to men.
She said that the resolution was to have been moved
by a lady who would certainly have received a warm
welcome from a Manchester audiencethe daughter of
Mr. John Bright, M.P.but she was unfortunately pre-
vented from attending the meeting by a severe cold. It
had been alleged that women were content under the
deprivation of political rights. This allegation was false.
They were not content. Many women, who had been
suffererieg for years under a sense of the injustice of
their position sufficiently strong to be a serious draw-
back to their happiness, had not made any display of
their sentiments, because there appeared not the slight-
est prospect of an amelioration of their condition. They
had been too wise to keep perpetually brooding over an
injury which, until lately, seemed utterly hopeless of
redress, and too proud and sensitive to betray the exist-
ence of a feebng through which they could be so easily
wounded by the attacks of ridicule of unthinkingpersons.
But-, because women had concealed their discontent with
modest reticence, and had tried to make the best of their
position as it was, and had been patient and cheerful in
the enduiance of an evil which seemed inevitable, men
mistook submission for acquiescence, and had too
hastily assumed that they were contented. But as soon
as a streak of light appeared on the horizonas soon as
. one member in the House of Commons had shown that
he intended to make a serious effort for the redress of
this grievous wrongthe women of Great Britain began
to prove that they were by no means content with their
enforced exclusion from the pale of the constitution.
In various places the question had been raised, and
numerous petitions to parliament were presented last
session, and the work of the committees during the
past yearth night, and those who by their presence- supported them
in their effortsformed a demonstration which
ought to convince the most sceptical that women did
275
care, and cared very much, for the suffrage. Still it had
been said that these women were in minority, and that
the vast majority did not as yet ask the franchise to be
extended to their class. Perhaps they did not; but in
the few weeks during which their committee was in
operation last year, 3,000 women of Manchester and the
surrounding districts signed a petition for it; and if
they might take the women whose opinions they had
had an opportunity of testing as a sample of English-
women generally, she was in a position to state that if
not an actual majority, a minority which nearly ap-
proached to one did ask for the franchise. The majority
of male householders under £10 rental did not ask for
the suffragebut an energetic and earnest minority
asked it on behalf of their class, and the demand was
supported by others not of their number, who thought
that, as a matter of justice, the claim ought to be allowed.
Nobody believed that any influence was used to prevent
that class of men from asking for votes if they wanted
them. The contrary, was notoriously the case with
respect to women. Such an overwhelming pressure had
been used to restrain them from the manifestation of
any desire for political power that it bad required no
small amount of moral courage in any woman to confess
that she would like to have a vote. Then, men said,
with a remarkable simplicity, that women did not ask
for the suffrage. It had been said that women were not
fit to have votes; but this assertion meant that woman-
hood itself would render women untrustworthy electors.
She replied that the sex which furnishes a sovereign
for the British empire could not be unfit to exercise
political power. If it meant that at present, as a matter
of fact, all women or most of them, were too ignorant
or careless to he fit for votes, she replied that, judged by
the standand of fitness demanded from the other sex,
the charge was not true ; and if it were, she would say,
Give them the vote, and they would soon learn to use it
as Well as the majority of men. Considering how long
and how sedulously men hadbeen inculcating on women
the duty of political ignorance, it seemed very hard to
turn round on them now, and allege this induced igno-
rance .as an excuse for refusing them political rights.
But surely, the race could never progress as a whole,
unless the half kept up with the other. A gentleman
whom 6he had hoped to see present in support of a cause
which had his entire sympathy, the Rev. Dr. Temple,
had personified the human race under the figure of a
colossal man, whose infancy, education, and growth, re-
presented the development of religious and political
civilization throughout the period of the worlds his-
tory. If they could imagine this man determiuing that
his right leg mu9t beau: the burden of exercise, and that
the left should be regarded as an ornamental appendage,
it would not inaptly figure the attempt of humanity to
make progress by cultivating only one sex. All who had
turned their energies to public affairs fell how lame and
imperfect seemed the advance of opinion on great ques-
tions ; and the cause she had indicated was a sufficient
explanation. It was this drag on the progress of our
country which they were trying to remove; and they
did not intend to cease their labors till the objeot was
accomplished, and the British people was a nation of
free women as well as of free men.
The Yen. Archdeacon Sandford, in seconding the reso-
lution, contended that it was unjust and-absurd to say
that women were unfit to exercise the political franchise.
What would men he without the angelic ministry of
women? The portals of the constitution having been
opened to the industrial classes, they could not be kept
closed against women. He was sure that a voice would
go forth from Manchester for the redress of this injus-
tice. If tiie women were not all that could be wished, it
was because men had made the laws. He believed that
women would use the franchise to the best and noblest
purposes, such as putting down intemperance, amending
the poor-law, and mitigating the severity of our penal
code, etc.
Mr. T. B. Potter, M.P., supported the resolution, be-
lieving as he did, that women had a right to the fran-
chise. Great changes were now in progress. The old
feudal regime was passing away, and all men were called
on to exercise public duties. Unless women were to
have an interest in those public duties, he was sure that
there would be little ohauce of their being well exercised.
The admiratien of women in former days was given to
the successful soldier ; often,' and wisely, to the culti-
vated clergyman ; but how seldom had it been given to
the young man who took apart in politics, and who gave
his leisure hours in his own locality to the performance
of public duties. All that must be changedand if we
were to succeed with thoroughly free institutions,
we required not merely the men but the women
to be thoroughly interested in the enactment
and carrying out of just and foil laws. Women,


276
ntH iUwfllntifltt*
being impulsive, might possibly judge more from
their hearts than men, but in all probability they
would be right ; tbeir instincts would be true and al-
ways generous. He had no doubt of the ultimate suc-
cess of this movement, or of the absolute necessity of
urging it forward.
Dr. PAUKHtritST also supported the resolution. He
described this movement as an appeal to simple justice,
the strongest thing -in humanity, and therein lay its
power and hopefulness. The most Important maxim of
political freedom, the base of modern society, was the
equality of all men, or, as it might bo stated, the equality
of humanity before the law.
The resolution was passed unanimously.
Mrs. Pooein rose, amidst loud applause, to move the
second resolution :
That this meeting expresses its cordial approval o
the objects of the National Society for Womens Suf-
frage, and of the course it has hitherto pursued, and
pledges itself to support its future efforts by all practical
and constitutional methods, especially by urging women
possessing legal qualifications to claim to be put on the
parliamentary register.*
Mrs. Pochin proceeded to read the following address,
which was frequently interrupted by applause : With re-
gard to the latter clause of this resolution, you are prob-
ably aware that the investigations of Mr. Chisholm
Austev into old parliamentary documents have shown
that women had anciently a right to vote for members of
Parliament, and frequently exercised that right. It
does not appear that any act has been passed re-
pealing the right uutil the Reform Bill of 1832, which
restricted the new franchises then conferred to male
persons only. It is the opinion, however, ol several
learaed barristers that the common law right of women
freeholders and burgesses to vote for members of Par-
liament has always remained, and does still remain, in
force to tbis day. Should tnis be the case, it is evident
tliat in striving to establish our claim to be represented
in Parliament we are attempting no innovation, but only
a return to the ancient constitutional practice of Great
Britain. If therefore, a number of women, possessing
the requisite qualification, claim their place on the
register, the question can be fairly tried and settled on
this point, by our established courts of Jaw. It may turn
out that the first returning officers who declined to re-
ceive womeus votes were guilty of an illegal act, and
that all other returning officers since that time have been
following an illegal precedent. It is said, however, that
women have not cared in the past, and do not now care,
to have votes. Have they ever been consulted? Some
womeu have always cared for the right. Large numbers
care for it now, as our presence heie to-day abundantly
testifies. No one proposes to compel women to go to the
poll whether they like it or no. Make registration pos-
sible, and it mil then be conclusively ascertained how
many do care to avail themselves of their anoient right.
Many women, moreover, who do not see the connection
between one evil and another, complain bitterly of the
injustice and negleot of the legislature where their in-
terests are concerned. They resent the results of an
exclusively masculine administration, although it may
not have occured to theta to question its validity. Now,
it is admitted by Mr. Shaw Lelevre that a large portion
of the minority who had the moral courage (that rare
quality in public men) to vote for Mr Mills motion, did
so on the ground that the great hardship of the law, as
it affected women, could only be remedied by introduc-
ing into the House oi Commons an element of represen-
tation for women. It seems to me a truism too obvious
to offer to an English audiencethat in a representative
government all classes are entitled to be represented.
Is it creditable to English justice that women should be
classed for electoral purposes with idiots, lunatics,
criminals, and felons? Nay, we are placed lower than
the latter; for the House of Commons, last year, delib-
erately resolved not to disfranchise felons whose sen-
tence had expired, on the ground that it was cruel to in-
flict on them so severe a stigma, Mr. Gladstone saying
that a citizen ought not to bear for life the brand of elec-
toral disqualification. One of the current political prin-
ciples of the day, which I do not advance for more than
it is worth, but which is, nevertheless, believed in by
a large number of British politicians, who enunciate it
in the epigrammatic form that taxation and represen-
tation should be co-extensive, logically covers the claim
of women to be represented. Mr. Disraelis argument
in the recent debates, that those who bear the burdens
of the state are entitled to a share in the representation;
has formed one of the main principles on which the
reoent Reform bill has been based. On what grounds,
then, are women debarrred from the common rights of
citizenship in this country ? In this matter Austriahas
shown herself to be as much before England as she has
recently shown herself in the public assertion of spiritual
freedomfor in that country not only do unmarried
women and widows enjoy the right of voting to this day,
but married women who possess property of their
own ; nor is the right in either case a dead letter, but
is freely and generally exercised, and without any of the
evils which are supposed to be the necessary conse-
quence in this country by those who have had no ex-
perienceofits operation. Further, it is the grave, delib-
erate opinion of many thoughtful Englishwomen that
very serious evils result from the absolute exclusion of
the whole number of their sex from having a voice in
the making of laws which daily affect their interests, and
the interests of osthe dear to them. We do not accuse
our present legislators of active injustice or ill-will
towards women. Wo do, however, charge them with
neglect, indifference, preference for the interests of
men to those of women, and the treatment of our occa-
sional modest claims to share in the advantages of an
increasing civilization with a jocular levity, which is
alike unseemly, insulting, and unstatesmanlike. They
may oare more for our interests than they think fit pub-
licly to acknowledge, but the smiles and shrugs and
loud laughter which ensue, when questions relating to
us come before them, are not calculated to inspire us
with any such belief. We are quite willing to admit that,'
owing fo the recent formation of a powerful middle
class, many new social problems have to be taken into
consideration, towards the solution of which the wisdom
of our ancestors affords no clue. I believe it to be quite
true that the middle ranks have not yet sufficiently
consolidated theiz* position to admit of their finer ele-
ments arranging themselves in the cosmic order into
which they will doubtless settle down. But, in the
meantime, is it wise to keep a large section of the fem-
inine population of Great Britain in a state of chronic
effervescence ?soured by injustice, fretted by the pos-
session of energies which they are required either to re-
press or employ unproductively, and galled by the
taunts of able writers, who 6we their very superiority
to those educational advantages from which* they un-
justly exclude the classes they attack in so dastardly a
manner. Is the British nation really so sunk in
Philistinism that- the coudition of thousandsnay,
I may now say millionsof human beings bom on its
soil (once said to be free) is a matter of so little moment
that it cau be dismissed with an impatient smile ; right-
eously adjusted by a superficial sneer from the Saturday
Review, or quietly shelved by the determination of a
jocular House of Commons to look iuto it tbis day six
months ? Is it fair to throw upon these vast numbers of
women, already heavily weighted by nature, all the re-
sponsibilities of freedom, without securing to them also
its full privileges, and leave Iheir fate to be settled by
the fitful breezes of a cruel caprice ? I think there are
lew amoDgst us who would dare to answer these ques-
tions (once fairly set before them) in tbe affirmative.
Well, but the Saturday Review says all sensible women
know that if they have a just and enlightened object to
gain, or any real grievance-to redress, there are other
ways of gaining the desired objects than by voting, or
entering the vortex of political life. Whether we are
sensible women or not is a little difficult to settle, for we
have been so long the victims of those hasty generaliza-
tions to which, according to Mr. Lowe, the British mind
is prone, that whether we be very wise or very foolish
we know not But we do know that the .influence which
is the only means suggested to us by our unsympathetic
censor to gain our objects has never yet been found suf-
ficient to secure tor our sex equal laws, in any country
or in any age. Moreover, we are born into a community
which has agreed to settle its laws,not by a tariff of in-
fluence in the abstract, but by a majority of votes. Men
have influence also plus the power of voting, which en-
ables them to bring that influence to a focus, and utilize
it in tbe prescribed way. Women are restricted to mere
talk, of which we are all heartily tired, and to which no
one is bound either legally or offloially to pay any atten-
tion. It members of parliament owed their seats in any
fair degree to our suffrages, they would hardly venture
to treat our opinions with disrespect, or polite attention,
as they undoubtedly do at present. But we are told, on
the same authority, the worst evils from which women
suffer cannot be cured by legislation. Government can
certainly give us the equal heritage, protection, and be-
quest of property ; it can give us a Christian marriage
law ; it can throw open to us the existing universities,
or endow others for our benefit ; it can restore to our
use the schools and institutions endowed by our ances-
tors for boys and girls, which are now reserved for boys
only; it can abolish the confiscation of our property on
marriage ; it can distribute the public funds equally for
the good of men and women ; it can make restrictions
on the productiveness of our labor illegal. Of the evils
which legislation cannot cure we make no public com-
plaint. Well, but it is often alleged against us, as an argu-
mentby men who at this time ought to know better, that
Might is right all the world over, and that it always
has been so ; moreover, that all the lower animals are
subject to this great law of nature ; and that, in conse-
quence, it is a fair deduction, that man, being endowed
with greater physical strength than woman, has a right
to superior advantages over her, and so on. If by might
being right is meant that physical might Is right, I deny
it most emphatically. It is very often utterly wrong, and
admittedly so. For my own part, it commands neither
my reverence nor assent. I yield to it for the moment
if there is no other alternative, knowing that it is only
temporarily in the position of a master when it
should be in that of a slave. When a man uses it
as an argument to me, he proves to my entire satis-
faction that he has not yet attained the lull stature
of his manhood; that he is in the uncomfortable position
of Schiller's lion, with head free and mane flowing, but
otherwise not yet shaken loose from his mother clay.
He has declined on to a lower range of laws, when the
far higher ranges of spiritual dominion are possible to
him. He has not yet riseu to the royalty of his nature.
A glance into the long ungracious past no doubt
shows to us that physical force has been the rule for the
lower animals, and for man himself in his rough pre-
liminary stages, though not invariably so; but a keen,,
far-seeing glance into a bright and gracious futurewhom
the great and god-like head of humanity shall be
crowned with'spiritual fire, and touching other worlds**
it will be found that man can wield far finer and subtler
laws than that of brute force. Nay, even at this present
time, the finer and diviner natures among us* are daily
detecting powers, both in the outer- and inner world,
which we can consciously use, and which, all tend utli-
mately to give us the victory.. And now a word to our
leading journalists. If' they really aspire to earn the
respect and mould the opinions of their countrymen,
they must give some proof that they are competent to
deal with important questions largely affecting our in-
terests, in a very different spirit from that which they
have for the most part manifested. They would do well
to acquire some real knowledge of the wants, opinions,
and aims of a large and increasing class of the com-
munity, important from its intelligence as well as its
numbers, and neither to be frightened nor influenced
by the stock platitudes, vulgar exaggerations, and point-
less, because inapplicable, sarcasms of even guinea-a-
liners,. Satire is a weapon that requires to be handled
with the fine, delicate, discriminating touch of a master
hand ; its force should fall with keen, exact precision on
a sensitive point, to produce its adequate effect. Above
all, it should never miss the mark ; inaccuracy is vitally
fatal. Coarse weapons, rudely, clumsily wielded against
some unknown monstrosity, living, if anywhere, in the
inmost recesses of London society, or, as is most prob-
able, evolved by the Saturday Review out of its own con-
sciousness (a kind of mental Aunt Sally, on which to
practice the careless skill of its leisure hours), are not
calculated to produce much effect on us. Immature
and unskilled gymnastics, indeed, are not interesting.
Nevertheless we know, and we wish all who join our
ranks to know, that there are in our path what Mr.
Bright has happily termed, hobgoblins, many and
various, and undoubtedly got to be faced. They assume
many shapessome formidable, others repulsive; all
intensely disagreeable to beings not naturally aggress ive.
They are the most dreadful, and behave the worst to
those who are the most frightened at them ; and they
have this peculiarity, that if you eet your face as a flint
against them, they vanish into thin air, until you have
touched the goal of success, when they immediately re-
sume their old shapes, and turn round upon your pre-
vious opponents, distributing among them, with the ut-
most impartiality, the forces which they had previously
arrayed against you. Everything fresh, worth striving
for, is defended by these spectres, satyrs, and dragons
of the pit; and only the brave, or those who possess the
secret of fern seed, and walk invisible, have the
chance to go safely by, and secure the treasure. "We
may be well assured, however, that a principle which
has drawn the philosopher from his honored seclusion,
the grave student from his closet, and shrinking women
(the spiritual Godivas of this, later age) from their re-
tirement ; which has forced them into an abnormal po-
sition (not to each other, for woman has always had
much in common with the ofttimes sad and solitary
thinkers of the world, but to the public at large ; which
has united them in a common bond of union, for a prac-
tical purpose, in an age when, and in a country where
these classes are laughed at as impracticable dreamers
or ridiculed as visionary enthusiasts, has a significance


N
tft&je JtfVtfltttitftf.' 277
of its own, which possibly only the future can measure,
and is one which cannot be shaken by any number of the
spectres and hobgoblins of the period. It is the people
who can only tread the delicate ground of expediency
alone who are timorous, looking this way and that, ascer-
taining what this authority thinks, or that, before they
dare crush the tiny eggshell under their feet, and daring
to face the majesty of their own natures, or the echoes
of the clubs. It is the wedding of principle to expe-
diency that constitutes the strength of a position, and it
Is our firm determination, avowed not for the first time,
' that this England of ours which we have received in trust,
and which has to go down to our posterity endorsed
7\Yitli our notions of right and wrong, shall not, at any
Tate, receive our signature to its title deeds, until steps
^are taken to abolish the aristocracy of sex, to introduce
*tbe sweeter figunners, purer laws of the younger day into
which sweeping, and to free all, as far as may be,
'from the Chains of ignorance, poverty, and crime. In
conclusion, I would that Truth would make use of my
ipoor-Vfr'rds as she does of those of the poet,
Her right hand whirld
But our poor poets scroll, but with his word
She shook the world.
This is not to be expected. Nevertheless, we see our
visions and dream our dreams, and the visions that now
haunt us are the chaining up of physical force within
due limits, the gradual unveiling of that divinity in wo
man which has Already been revealed in man, and, with
Seyes puri-fesd still further with spiritual euphrasy
and rue. we ''faintly discern, in the far distant fu-
ture, Jright nb longer struggling hand to hand with
nHtgfcift, btit right transfigured into righteousness
mnd migtrt transmuted and stilled into peaceand
*lhe glorious prediction of the royal seer verified at last
for 'behold, in that vision, Righteousness and peace
2hav& kissed each other.
^Ir. Chisholm Anstey, in supporting the resolution,
' said that it was twenty-one j ears since ho gave publicly
to his then constituents on the hustings at You glial the
pledge that in any reform bill laid befote the House of
Commons lie should insist upon the insertion of a clause
recognizing womans right.
Mr. Jacob Bright, M.B., reVihlved the signs of politi-
cal progress during the present century, in proof of the
position that the well-being of any class of people had a
lose connectionwith'thefr possession of political power ;
In other words, that the interests of legislation simply
-covered tire area'of voting. An allusion by Mr. Bright
to the pTobability of justice being done to Ireland, called
forth loud cheers. Mr. Bright argued that woman
jNrodedia power of self-protection, because the injustice
with -which she was treated only found a parallel in the
/Southern States of America before the war for emancipa-
tion. 'One disadvantage to women in obtaining the
'franchise was that there was so little real opposition to
Ehem. It had been said that elections were too rough for
ft hem, but we were not always going to have these scan-
'dalous scenes at elections. If nothing that had yet been
suggested could abolish these scenes, the presence of
women voters might overawe them into decency. As to
the argument thaljwomens duties were at home, the at-
tending at an election Once In three or four years would
not take them much from home, and the acquirement of
a political education would not involve their absence
from home so much as learning music or dancing, for
tfhey could be taught by the penny newspaper and be-
come as wise as Solomon on political matters witnout
tearing home at all. The Saturday Review must not
suppose that the Vanity Fair of London was England.
We not interesting ourselves for the fancy por-
tion of our species, but are considering the condition
of the great majority of English women who are per-
forming the honorable duties of life. He concluded by
saying that he would like to see women have the fran-
chise, because if they had it our laws would be more
just, and because it was our interest to invite women to
allow their thoughts to enter more largely into those
great concerns of life which elevate and dignify the
character.
The resolution was passed nem. con.
Miss Annie Robertson (Dublin) proposed the next
resolution :
That the thanks of the meeting be accorded-to Mr.
Mill and the eighty-two members of the House, of Com-
mons who supported him in his advocacy of the claims
of women to the suffrage, by their speeches and votes
on the 20th May, 1867.
She said she felt very much honored in being afforded
an opportunity of speaking on behalf of great numbers
of women who feel great gratitude to Mr. Mill for his
noble exertions to procure justice for them. Although
the national society for Womens Suffrage had been but
recently formed, it had effected infinite benefit by ena-
bling many thousands of women to become aware of each
others seutiments. Many women felt keenly the ex-
clusion of such women from the franchise as possessed
the necessarj property or other qualification, and some
who felt it the most had declined to sign any petition to
parliament on the subject, as they labored under the
Impression that women could not expect justice under
any oircumstances, and that it was useless to ask for it.
Others who desired the franchise, and considered it an
insult to oe excluded from it, deolaredto her that they
looked upon it as a right whioh should be granted with-
out their having t) petition for it. There were others
who were aware of the injustice of exclusion, yet who
thought they would briDg down the animosity of men if
they stated their views openly. She would not say she
agreed with the seutiments of any of these classes of
women. The number of good men, who stood foremost
in politics, science, and literature, who supported Wo-
mans Suffrage, was a sufficient proof that all men would
not deny the just claims of women. It seemed to have
been assumed hitherto that this question of Womans
Suffrage was only as between women and men, but as
far as she could see, such men as would persistently re-
fuse the electoral franchise to all women would have to
settle the matter, not only with women, but with a con-
siderable body of men also. No doubt there were wo-
men who were indifferent to the franchise, but that argu-
ment also applied to men, and it was not considered a
good reason for disfranchising them. The fact was,
however, that in general where men or women spoke
against female enfranchisement, or laughed at the idea,
they might give them credit not for an unkind disposition,
but for merely knowing very little of wbat they were
talking about.
Mr. E. W. H. Myers seconded, and Mr. J. W. Edwards
supported the resolution, which was carried.
The meeting closed with a vote of thanks to the Chair-
man.
MISFORTUNE TO BE. BORR A WOMAN
The Reform Investigator 9£ Morrison, Illinois,
looks at the question of Suffrage in this light:
There never was a great political question, brought be-
fore an intelligent public for discussion, which had so
few advocates among professional politicians in its favor,
and which at the same time, is so easy to be solved, as
tbe one whether woman should vote.
Against negro suffrage much may be said by its op-
ponents, on the theory that the negro is not suffi-
ciently educated or intelligent to vote in a white mans
government; but even this, baseless as it is, oannot be
urged against Female Suffrage.
To make the right of ballot universally a blessing to a
people, requires unquestionably a certain degree of in-
telligencea wide-spread and active intelligence. With-
out this, what else were a blessing, would prove a curse,
A king may be a tyrant and a monster butan uneducated,
sovereign people may become a many-headed beast
The only requisite qualification for the exercise of the
right of suffrage, is intelligence. Whether the voter be
white or black, or a mixed breed, or a le or a she, is
in no way essential. It may be a misfortune to be born
black, or to be born a woman (and we are strongly of
the opinion that in the womans case it is a great one,
unless sbe shall be granted the right of suffrage), but it
is something lor which neither is responsible ; and on
general principles they should both be endowed with the
elective franchise.
FLOW A WOMAN SAVED METHODISM.
The New York Evening Post says Methodism originated
in New York through a number of Irish emigrants, who
had become disciples of John Wesley at home. Their
first preacher was Philip Embury, a carpenter, who
reached here in 1760, and hired a small one-story wooden
house in John street. The emigrant Methodists, having
been without a pastor, had somewhat fallen from grace.
In 1761, Mrs. Barbara Heck arrived from Ireland. On
entering a house she found a party playing at cards.
She seized the cards and threw taem in the fire, de-
nouncing the tran sgressors. She then immediately went
to Embury, insisting that hemuet act as a preacher, and
redeem the cause of bleeding Zion. He collected six
persons the following Sunday at his house. The num-
ber increased, and a large room was hired. Here Capt
Thomas Webb, of Albany, preached in a British uniform
of scarlet, it being tbe custom of that period for soldiers
to wear their uniforms at all times; The congregation
enlarging, a rigging loft, sixty feet by eighteen, was
hired in Horse-and-Cart street; now William street, and;
in 1768, the first church was built in John street,
COMMUNICATIONS.
CAUSE AND EFFECT.
Every result, whether good or bad, or great or small,
hasafiistcause; and sometimes a complication of causes*
And very often one or more of them lies* at, or so near
our own door, that we looking beyond, see only the
effect or shadow, which to some persons of lively imagi-
nation, and quick to see the mote in their brothers eye,
seems an ugly sight to behold. And they clutch at it
like madmen, when a little reason and reflection would
soon show them where the real substance that cast the
shadow lay ; and that its removal were a much easier
task, than the tearing into fragments a simple shadow
Or, in other words, that removing a cause is a surer cure
than talking out of existence its effect.
Just now the Home Journal gives us an extract from
the Saturday Review on the Girl of the Period. Thanks
to the Journal for sugaring this English pill before offer-
ing it to his. countrywomen, whom he cannot bub see
need medicine, for the disease has reached tbe form of
an epidemic.
But it is the cause that needs purging. This bitter
article touches somewhat upon the subject of womans
dress. Some of its follies deserve reproof; now that
there are, and always have been, many absurdities at-'
tending upon, and resulting from it. But as motives
are sometimes permitted to excuse actions, and when
we remember bow long and arduously woman has
worked, keeping always one aim before her, viz. : that
of trying to please the men (I give the popular opin-
ion), I beg that her motive may be accepted to excuse her
frequent folly.
But the writer of this article ascribes to the Girl of
the Period other motives. First, he says, Her main
endeavor in this is to out vie her neighbor in the extrava-
gance of fashion. Next accuses her of dressing to
please herself; and says, What the demi-monde
does in its fanatic effort to excite attention, she does in
imitation. Again, that the Girl of the Period envies
the Queens of the demi-monde, that she sees them
orgeously attired, and sumptuously appointed, and she
knows them to be flattered, feted and courted and that
they have all for which her soul is hungering/
If these words are true, they need no comment.
Silence alone should fall upon every aching heart and
envolope every thinking mind whose eye they meet, unti[
ample time is given for mature reflection and firm reso-
lution ; for some action must be taken in this most seri-
ous-matter, or society will go to pieces like a rotten
ship. This man either does not know what a womans
even a young girls heart hungers for, or he has made
such an admission as no virtuous woman should ever
listen to in silence.
But let us hope he has overdrawn his picture ; that
those girls, the daughters and sisters of men, do not see
this frightful picture plain enough to draw distinctly its
sharp outlines ; that their young eyes are too easily
dazzled with the brightness of beauty, and that their
youthful hearts and minds are too surely filled with the
flush of hope and the flow of pleasure to give this terri-
ble subjoct much thought. Let us hope that the hush-
money, so freely given to buy their extravagances, is
not so dimmed with guilt but that it yet has power to
blind their eyes to the truth. That the mothers of these
girls and the wives of men yet too young to parade their
daughters upon the street, should dress in imitation of
the demi-monde is not to be wondered at, since this bold
admission in the Review and reprinted in the Journal.
If they have never known before they do now wha
style of dress is most attractive. And whatever com-
ments men have made on the extravagance and ab-
surdity in womans dress, they may close their
mouths now, until they can bring their appetites
to enjoy their pleasures and tbeir convivialities,
and the cheer and welcome that their homes offer, at
home. And not until then will this sin that is stalking
through the land like a plague, and sweeping down its
victims like a whirlwind, be brought to a stand still.
Because effect cannot be cured until the cause is re-
moved.
But lot us pause a moment, and make sure of this
mans meaning. He may mean, simply, that woman is
degenerating. Even this must have a cause. But is it
true? And if it be, where does tho fault lie?with
the girl, or her parents ? Must wc believe that because
a child leaves its task to play with the toys thrown into
its lap, that it has lost its capacity to commit its task?.
Not so. And who can blame the obild ? I do not uphold
this girl, whom none can admirefor she is a terror to
at least, the oldermembers of every community in which


278

she lives. But, very little of the fault of tier manner
rests with herself 5 it can be traced further backback to
her parents.
There are two classes of parents who throw this gtr-
upon society; the business-immured, and the pleasurel
seeking. Often found in the same family, and sometimes
in the same individual. In either case ruin is the childs
inheritance; though there are a few whom Nature be*
friends and they escape. And the former, cheating him*
self with the blind belief thathe is doing his whole duty
in working himself to death for the interests of his family,
is, indeed, less culpable than he who neglects his for mere
pleasure, or for business and pleasure combined. But
the result is often no happier. Every man who marries
and assumes the responsibility of raising a family, is
morally bound to give a portion of his time and atten-
tion to that object.
Cynics may say what they will, but they cannot kill
the fact that womens hearts do hunger for something
more than mere money and display.
There i9 a growing tendenoy, especially in America, to
bow down to youth and beauty, and the superior advan-
tages of education ; and the glitter of outward adorn-
ment that each generation has over the preceding one.
Thus early fostering vanity and egotism in the hearts
of the young, at the expense of reverence for age'and
quiet and domestic usefulness ; teaching them early to
make place for wealth by crowding out worth.
Mothers are the most to blame for this; and that class
of mothers who think they least deserve blame. For
while the fashionable mother leads her daughter into the
follies and extravagancies of the world, this other, seek-
ing what she believes her childs interest, pushes her for-
ward into the world, where she, young and inexpe-
rienced, must meet the temptations and follies ot life
alone, while the mother retires into the background.
And it is this girl who has no politeness, no regard for the
feelings of others; who sweeps down her superiors.
She is the terror of all who know her, and in fact, is in far
more danger than she whose fashionable mother lends
her influence and judgment for her daughters guide.
Woman must learn to know herself; to find her real
value, and her proper place, to fill and retain her true
position in society before she can do her part towards
righting this deplorable phase of growing society.
v. v.
CAUSES OF TEE EVIL WHICH 'AFFL1Q1S
HUMANITY,;
The following communication written in most
beautiful Trench is translated and published
for the benefit of readers of The Devolu-
tion.
New Orleans, April 7, 1868.
iSttsan B. Anthony, Proprietor of 27ie Revolution
Madame : Our friend and bookseller Mons. A. Simon,
has given my husband several numbers of your journal
for March. I am not familiar with the English language,
but my husband bps had the kindness to translate
several^ articles which have pleased us very much. He
is an old disciple of 0. Fouriers Ecole societaire, and
on account of his principles has been exiled from France
by the Imperialists. He has instructed me in the theory
of the phalanslerian association, and I have learned that
the causes of the evil which has so long afflicted society,
are in the individual and diverging interests which
engender egotism, and make the strong the masters of
the weak; that they have taken advantage of them by
means of capital, rendering the life of the workman
miserable in proportion to the perfection of machinery.
I understand that the male sex, which has more material
force than delicacy, has arrogated to itself the right of
imposing upon us its law, the law of the strongest, and
of treating us as minors. Men have always been en-
couraged and supported in this usurpation by the minis-
ters of all religions, themselves also, men and egotists;
and these priests in order to enjoy the authority given
them by a pretended divine right to govern the world,
have taken possession ot womans heart in order to en-
slave it; to obtain from her a knowledge of family
secrets, and to train children in the fear of God and the
devil, by threatening them with hell if they disobey the
law of the church. And thus women are made idiots
nud imbeciles by those who pride themselves upon their
physical strength, and who seize the occupations of
women and claim double wages ; as if the weaker wo-
man should receive less for the same amount ol work
equally well done.
I do not know, madame, Whether you have derived
your ideas of demanding the rights of women, from tile
phalansterian theory, or whether they have originated in
the editorial office of your journal. It matters not from
wbat source derived, the idea Is supremely good. Fourier
maintained that it was by the elevation of woman that
mankind would attain universal happiness, for it is
maternal education which forms society. I trust you
will long persevere in your pathwaythe pathway of
Godsure that you will soon hold the helm by which
to direct our poor humanity. I regret that death should
have taken from us lately a well-beloved relative, Louise
du Donon, who held opinions respecting enfranchise-
ment perfectly in accordance with those of your paper.
This unhappy woman died a martyr to laborand a victim
to paternal authority. She has left us some memoirs
full of originality, and written with a view to the propa-
gation of social ideas. The Tribune of New Orleans and
the Liberal of Chicago, have published extracts from
them. I will send yon a copy of these memoirs through
Mr. Thomas J. Duraut, of Washington, and Mr. A. Bris-
bane, that you may examine them, and if you consider
them worthy to appear in your paper, 1 will give you the
privilege in preference to any other. These memoirs
will appear in the course of this year in French in the
Science Soctale of Paris.
Accept madame, my respectful greetings,
Henbiette Louis.
The word Liberal is a most fascinating word, as
everybody knows. Who would not be a Liberal ? What
generous young man would not be proud of being called
a Liberal? Consequently, things have been so fixed
that all sorts of false, crude, foo)i6h and dangerous ideas
conceal themselves behind the word, and propagate
themselves round the world as they never could do if
they were seen in their true colors, or stood^zpon their
own merits alone. It is Liberal to oppose this, Liberal
to favor that, Liberal to break down this hoary itstitution,
Liberal to go in enthusiastically for that new notion.
The wildest Revolutionists are always the fiercest Lib-
erals, and the meanest imps of evil throw the Liberal
cloak over their shoulders and pass themselves off as
angels of light. *****
We might give hundreds of examples of the devils
cunning in using fine words to cover ialse principles. But
we only desire to point out his trick, so that simple souls
may not be caught in his verbal scare.
In a long article, recently printed In the New York
Times, I met with the foregoing opinion in regard to the
term Free-Thinker, Revolutionist, etc. Now in my es-
timation this man's idea is narrow-minded and illogical
in the extreme. Once in a great while God blesses us
with a mind which is like a sweeping machine, and
whose vision is so clear, that it can see the dust and
mould which have accumulated for years over the moral
condition of society, and because with heroic energies
they endeavor to renovate and expunge this low condition
they are called fanatical, crazy, and whatnot? The
conservative says, Let things alone, the same platform
our fathers stood upon is good enough for us. Yes,
but it must be swept occasionally, for the mould and the
lichen gather, and when the planks decay, fresh timber
must be added to keep things sound and strong.
The earth and its atmospherio conditions are changing
daily, growing more and more sublimated as time goes
on; and are mans works so much more perfect than Gods
that they should not require renewing? We must have
the whirlwind and the tempest, the lightning and the
thunder to bathe and refresh all organic life ; it is an in-
dispensable law of nature.
The forest must be hewn before the soil oan he tilled,
aud the seed sown. The house must be tossed by con-
fusion before the darkened and cob-webbed wall can be
bleached aud the home of the moth destroyed.
It is a grand thing in my estimation to be a Reformer,
to be gifted by that eagle power of dlsoernment which
sees (he cloud alar off and prepares for it; to have
that perspicuity which penetrates through the darkest
webs, noting the cause, effect, and remedy of our social
evilp.
Martin Luther was called crazy and fanatical in his
time and yet he was a glory, and to-day his is one of the
proudest names enrolled on the liat of that proscribed
class.
He came and found vile weeds flourishing in the
church st**! society which poisoned all tbe air for those
who were too feeble and child-like to fight their malig-
nity__and so alone, single handed he battled in the field,
uprooting, destroying, that those who came after him
might inhale a purer air and cull a flower whose breath
was untainted. They never knew how grand a sool he
had in his time, for they were too blind to see it, but we
know to day, having grown since then and bad our
moral discernment quickened. And such is >tbe fate of
all minds which are endowed with a larger degree of the
truth than that possessed by the masses.
The field must be plowed before tbe grain can b.e
dropped in, and the seed must lie in the dirt awhile,
there to burst its cerements before it can rise above the
soil and gladden the eye by its starry blossomand all
this is reformatory.
The minds of men are more varied in their powers,
tastes, needs, chan the flowers of (he fields ; yet Con-
servatism of oaken intellect says that the willow and the
palm should live beside him in the forest and flourish as
he does in his own hardy soil ; but Liberalism says No I
tbe brookside for the willow and tropical breaths and
ardor for the others needs.
The greatest of all Free Thinkers and Reformers is
God, for He is ever changing the face of nature by
storms and calms, by convulsions and serenity, and I
have faith that out of all commotions comes a better
state of things.
Then take courage ye whom the world stigmatize as
Liberalists, Reformers and Free Thinkers; it is a crown
ye wear. Man may not see it. but the angels do and glory
in its brightnessa little while and lhe thorns shall
lacerate no more. **
The signs of the times and the way the current sets,
all show thai ten years hence, womans position will be
very different from what it is now. To-day, looking atthe
progressive ranks, we see a few who have had courage to
step forward and lead the van, contesting every inch of'
the ground. There are others, and these are not a lew,
who have perhaps as nobly suffered; and some who
have sacrificed their all, their health of body, strength of
mind, and wealth of soul, in the vain struggle to he what
God and nature meant they should be; but the great
body of American women linger in tbe real', asking
only wbat shall we wear, eat and drink, content to move
forward only as fast as it pleases Mrs. Grundy.
The woman of the nineteenth century claims a righ t
to be more than she now is ; a right to lead a nobler life,
to think nobly, act nobly, and with her wealth endow
the next generation. She claims this for the sake of
manhood, for the sake of womanhood, and for the sake
of tiie years that are to come.
She claims this by the wrongs she has suffered at the
hands of man, simply because he could never fully un-
derstand her nature; by the burdens man has laid upon
her, because he did not understand his own true inter-
est ; by the rights she is kept out of, because she does
not even know she has them. Let a woman, single,
handed and alone, take one step out of line, to grasp
any one of ljer God-given rights beyond what society ao-
cords to her, and how soon is an iron hand laid upon
her to thrust her back to her place again.
What the American woman needs most now ie physi-
cal culture, firmer health. To secure this, she needs
plenty of flesh air exercise, and freedom from all health-
destroying trammels ; but how difficult, how impossible
in many oases for her to secure this 1
Woman has a right to herself, a right to the use of all
the powers and faculties God has given her, a right to
the profits of her labor. She has a right to a home, aud
this is the crowning glory of woman. Here she should
reign as queen, not shine as an ornament, or glitter as a
toy, but 'as the central sun, to control, direct, beautify,
and glorify. Woman has most of the work of her eleva-
tion to do herself. She must throw aside, or give a
second place to many of the trifles that now absorb her.
A woman who has a talent for music has no right to
give it up when she marries ; she has no right to give up
the use of a single faculty God has given her, they are .
worth more to her than highly seasoned dinners, marble
and rosewood, or costly array. Her love of music goes
with her to another world, her flounces and dinners she
will leave behind... To secure health, culture, and to do
away the enormous waste of time, money, health,
strength and thought now given to dress, to the exclu-
sion of better things, there needs a reform in dress.
The artist who should successfully caricature some of
the grotesque fashions of the present day would do
woman service. It is a bitter satire on womans weak-
ness, to notice in how much better taste mans dress is
than womans. (Women are tbe only animals exceptthe
monkey that will put on outside gear only to make fools
of themselves.)
v Woman's dress should be feminine, not masculine ,
but it should provide for the health, comfort, freedom
and ease of the wearer, should be marked by neatness,
modesty, good taste and simplicity. These come within
the reach of all, and to these may be added, as much of
elegance, ri chness, ornamentation, as befits the wearer
LIBERALISM.
WOMAN'S RIGHTS.


279

Look at your fashion plates of bonnets, of some years
ago, and you will yourselves say, bow grotesque, bow
ridiculous!
It might be a good thing if some one would get up a
panorama of the styles of ladies' dress, for a length oi
years, alter the fashion of Bunyans Pilgrim, inter-
spersed with suitable music and remarks. It would tell
us a good story, show us to ourselves.
Woman has a right to all she earns by honest labor.
Let the experiment be tried for a little while. Open
all suitable fields of labor to woman, give her work, let
her have the wages she earns, and those who have our
taxes to pay, and our prisons to manage, would never
wish to put her on half or quarter pay again. The widow,
the wife of the druukard might then keep her children
from pauperism ; and tnat large olass of women who are
crowded down to ruin, how much would it be
reduced! * e. n. a.
RESTELLISM THE CHIME OF THIS AGE.
1 ( mans inhumanity to woman, makes count-
less INFANTS DIE.
Editors of the Revolution:
Restellism to the right of usRestellism to the left of
usRestellism in front of us, everywhere meets us.
Restellism with the poor to save expense. Restel-
lism with the rich to prevent exposure or preserve
youth I Restellism has become the great crime of ou r
dav.
Do you see that Brown Stone Palace on the avenue ?
Restellism built it. Was there not a river-bed once dis-
covered somewhere, macadamized with infants' skulls ?
Was it in the Bosphorus, or at Cologne? No matter
our rivers, our sewers, our drains, like those described
by Victor Hugo, could all tell fearful tales of Restellism.
Could this great evil exist with our educated franchise ?
The Revolution is doing Gods work. If ever a
Christian mission deserved His blessing, yours should
be blessed. One young woman killed with Restellism.
One young man killed by Delirium Tremens.
Dr. Lockhart, the English missionary, showed me the
Foundling Hospitals of China, at Shanghae, in 1855.
What a mine of ideas, thoughts, charities is China. I
thought that Europe introduced the Foundling Hospi-
tals, but discovered there, they came from Asia. Better
let the Chinese system prevail in America than Restel-
lism. It will save much foul murder. The Revolu-
tion sounds the alarm. P. P. on Quack Medicines.
P. P. on Infanticide, in No. 12 are independent thoughts.
Such writing, such-bold grasp of actualities is very rare
in newspaperdom. How can Tilton preach morality and
advertise quack medicines in the Independent? How
can Greeley preach benevolence, and in his columns ad-
vertise Restellism ?
Restellism is murder with the Roman Catholics. Half
a dozen children in every Itish family. Only two in the
modern American family. What is the matter ? answer
Restellism. That is why, shortly, the children of the
Emerald Isle will be walking through the graveyards
of the Puritans.
Every girl, every boy, should read The Revolu-
tion.' Mothers and fathers should teach their
children the meaning of words. Tell them that deli-
rium tremens is the result of that first glass. That Restel-
lism comes from ignorance. The clubs of New York are
demoralizing our young men as much as Mercer street.
Every ball, every party, every serenade adds to the list of
drunkards. Educate our youth through The Revolu-
tion. Throw open the doors to occupation. 'Give wo-
men some hope, some future. Have they no right to look
ahead? Must they always be the slaves of mans pas-
sions? They often arrest women in Broadway. Why
not arrest some of the he-barlots who infest our cities?
Why should he-prostitution be legalized? Educated
suffrage, franchise for women will indeed be Revolution.
Down, then, with long dresses dragging in the mud.
Down with corsets and tight-lacing, making consump-
tion, and early death an American institution. Down
with the only one glass of wine for dinner. Away with
the wines and the Bourbon at eleven o'clock at night.
Down with the race course associations, and the poker
parties and clubs. And above all, down with Restel-
lism. ***
San Francisco, Cal.
Miss Anthony : I would like to tell you how intenselj
gratified I feel at the result of your efforts to give us a
real live paper, but it's of no use trying.
Please accept all the good things found under the
heading Voices of the People" as my individual sen- |
timents, wiih my hearty God speed you, in the good
work."
I believe Mr. Train will yet disappoint all his villifiers.
Yours, etc., C. W. Tappan.
WOMAN AS PHYSICIAN
titled. Perhaps if she had done so and her mind had been
drawn still more to tbe subject, she would have made
improvements herself that would ha^e saved millions of
dollars. Let every woman who has an inventive mind,
and there are many of them, use it and benefit herself
and her race. F. S. Cabot.
Boston, May 2,1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
As you have made your valuable paper a medium for
suggestions on all matters relating to practical reform. I
would like to give a few thoughts on Woman as a Physi-
cian." I have been practising as such for ten years, al-
though I never reoeived a diploma, and dared not call or
class myself as a regular physician. The one great lack
I find with women, is a knowledge of themselves and
their capacities ; a blind adherence to times, set forms,
and customs. I am constantly using my efforts to in-
duce them to think for themselves ; to rise up from the
inertia in which they have fallen, and which has been
put upon them by the ignorance and superstition of
others. It is no uncommon thing for me to find men who
would like to frown me out of existence, because I dare
take upon myself the enlightenment of woman, even
in regard to her own physiological needs. She must be
kept in ignorance even of these, that man may have his
control over her. Does she dare assert her rights, even
over her own person? She is called strong-minded,"
and wilful, and so she suffers for causes which many male
physicians dare or care not to make known to her hus-
band.
This is but one of many arguments in favor of woman
as a physician. She and she only can understand the
nature of her own sex, and deal truthfully with it. It
is no wonder the medical faculty are using all their ef-
forts to rule out women from getting a medical educa-
tion. They know their own craft is in danger, for
woman is fitted by nature to excel in this particular
office. And they also know she is more sensitive,
and by this detects disease more readily than men.
What would our male physician do in any case of sick-
ness without a good, faithful woman for a nurse ? Until
men become womanly enough to make good nurses,
they can never be thorough, competent physicians. I am
often asked, do you think woman is capable of taking
charge of any case of sickness ? I answer yes, if she
has had the same educational advantages that man has;
but it is a positive fact that woman, even now, with her
larger intuitions and perception of human nature, will,
whenever she dares trust herself, carry the patients
through, and bring them out of severe sickness, after
the skill of man has failed. I have done this in many
cases myself, and it has been looked upon as perfectly mi-
raculous. There was no miracle about it. I contend itis
the peculiar fitness of woman for this position. And
when she is made to see this and is allowed to act freely,
the world will be tne better for it.
Yours respectfully, Lizzie Leavenwobth,
Bank street, New York.
COTTON GINSCORRECTION
I have been very much interested in the account of
the invention by a woman of the cotton gin usually at-
tributed to Whitney. But I think an injustice is un-
witingly done to other inventors. The invention of the
Whitney" gin, or as it is called, the saw gin, was a
great-thing, it was the first step which is always so diffi-
cult, but that machine can never clean the cotton pro-
perly. It has been estimated by good judges that twenty-
five per cent, of the crop has been wasted by the injury
to the staple caused by the saw gin. There are two very
much better gins than the saw gin, viz.: the roller gin,
invented by McCarthy, originally for ginning Sea
Island but now adapted to short staple, a nd the cylinder
gin, in which the fibre instead of being carried through
between rigid bars, (which at the rate of speed common-
ly used, kills muoh of the cotton) is carried under a
revolving or vibrating stripper, being much more gently
handled and preserving the staple unharmed.
The improved McCarthy is particularly well suited to
the use of small cultivators, as the small sizes can be
run readily by hand. For thousands ol years a ma-
chine called a Chirka has been used in India to gin the
black seed cotton grown there. It consists of a simple
pair of wooden rollers about five-eights of an inch in
diameter, put in motion by means of a treadle. On
this primitive trap much oi tbe Sea Island cotton- is
even now cleaned. Under slavery twenty-five pounds
was a day's task, but when working for themselves those
who once hardly did the stent, can easily clean more
than sixty pounds. It is a thousand pities that Mrs.
Greene did not take out the patent to which she was en-
MEN.
BY FRANCIS BARRY.
Editors of the Revolution :
Your types make me use an expression I quite dislike
(see Revolution No. 16, page 249), and I am tempted
to make it the occasion of a few words on the subject of
this article. The expression is, till then men will be
men. This is just opposite the truth. The great
trouble is, that men will not be men." Not till woman
is individualized, free, self-owned, will the mass of J men
exhibit true manliness. Then they will be thrown upon
their manhood. The expression I used was, till then
(till woman asserts her individuality) men will be mean."
It is not because men are men that they are so mean,
tyrannical and unjust, but bocause of their having ar-
bitrary power. Any beiog who will aocept arbitrary
power will abuse it, or rather use it. Men, like most
everything else, are well enough in their plaoe. Women
seem to me to show a very great weakness, who-spend
their time and breath berating men." If I am not
mistaken women are quite as muoh involved as men in
sustaining those sooial arrangements which confer au-
thority upon men, and heap outrage, and insult, and
wrong of every sort upon woman. I never knew a man
who recognized woman as the rightful owner of herself;
who acknowledged woman's instincts, womans judg-
ment, womans nature, as the true and only standard by
which to settle questions of social relations and mater-
nity, who did not at the seine time insist upon her right
to vote, her right to equal wages, etc. And is not the
prejudice, the narrowness, the blindness and bigotry
that sustains this false and corrupt and slavish social-
system, manifested quite as much by women as men ?
Are women any more ready than men to recognize
in practical life womans right to personal freedom?
When women are no longer owned, when men are no
longer slaveholders (and this will be when the system is
abolished) then, and not till then, will men be manly, and
just, and women be recognized and treated as equals.
A REVOLUTIONARY REMINISCENCE.
The following letter from General Washing-
ton has seldom been seen, but may be read
with profit, if not pleasure, by many who never
dine on less than five or seven eourses served
on silver.
West Point, Aug. 16,1779.
Dear Doctor : 1 have asked Mrs. Cochran and Mrs.
Livingston to dine with me to-mOrrow, and ought I not
to apprise you of their fare? As I hate deception, even
when imagination is concerned, I will. It is needless
to premise that my table is large enough to hold the
ladies. Of this they had ocular demonstration yester-
day. To say how it is usually covered is rather more es-
sentialand this is the purport of my letter.
Since my arrival at this happy spot we have had aham,
sometimes a shoulder of bacon, to grace the head of the
table ; a piece of roast beef adorns the foot, and a small
dish of green beans, almost imperceptible, decorates the
centre. Whon the coqk has a mind to cut a figureand
this I presume he will attempt to-morrowwe have two
beefsteak pies, or dishes of crabs, in addition, one on
each side of the centre dish, dividing the space and re-
ducing the distance between dish and dish to about six
\feetwhich, without them, would be twelve l'eet apart.
Qf late he has had the surprising luck to discover that
apples will make pies ; and it is a question if, amidst the
violence of his efforts, we do not get one of the apples,
instead of having both of beef. If the ladies can put
up with such entertainment, and submit to partake of it
on plates once tin, but now iron, and not become so by
the labor'of scouring, I shall be happy to see-them.
Dear sir, yours,
George Washington*
A woman in County Cavan, Ireland, has been sen.
tenced to seven years penal servitude for stealing thirty-
seven cents. The Judge was English.


280

£lif lifiiiiliitimi.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER FILLSBVRY, ( mkois.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, MAY 7, 1868.
THE REVOLUTION FOR MAY.
TO ADVERTISERS.
As the anniversaries will bring large num-
bers of strangers to the city, we shall each
week print a very large edition of The Revo-
lution, for gratuitous distribution as well as
for new subscribers. We hope to see many of
our friends at our new and beautiful Office,
37 Park Row, Room No. 20 (instead of 17 as
heretofore).
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND SUB-
SCRIBERS.
We asic our numerous readers to help us roll
up our list of subscribers until we reach the
above number. Nothing short of this ensures
our complete success. We are still sending out
specimen copies in every direction, and we
ask our readers to send us* lists of names
of liberal people who would be likely to ap-
preciate our demands for woman. As we are
the organ of the National Party of New America
we are in haste to have our telegraphic poles
set and wires strung all through the land, that
we may speak from Maine to California when
the campaign opens. * s. b. a.
AMERICAN CITIZENS IN BRITISH BAS-
TILES.
On Thursday evening of last week Stephen
J. Meany addressed a large audience in
Cooper Institute, giving his experiences as a
state prisoner for fifteen months in a British
bastile. Mayor Hoffman presided and made a
brief but very forcible address preliminary to
introducing the orator of the evening. As the
address was so liberally reported in the daily
journals, and so widely read, it seems hardly
wise at this late day to give it in The Revo-
tjtion. But when any government can exist
only at the cost of the liberty and lives of men
ke Stephen Joseph Meany, for labors and
struggles to be released from its rigors, borne
and suffered for seven hundred years, history
testifies that the days of such a government
must be numbered.
. Rebellion Still Rampant.Mr. John R.
French, Republican nominee in the North
Carolina first district for Congress, and long
known as a firm friend of the colored peojDle,
was assaulted one day last week at Elizabeth
City, by a rebel bully, and badly hurt. His as-
sailant was arrested by the military and sent to
Goldsborougli inirons to be tried.
SINGULAR PHENOMENON
On the evening of the twenty-third of last
month, there occurred a very brilliant Meteoric
display in and around the ancient and famous
town of Chester, New Hampshire. Chester is
remarkable first for its size, being originally
more than twenty miles long and proportionally
broad ; secondly, for being the place spoken of
in Revelation ii.: 13, where Satans seed is;
though better known to readers of Belknaps
History and Morses school geographies fifty
years ago, as The Devils Den! and thirdly
for its healthy horror of all novelties, especially
in moral and religious doctrine and duty. Even
the new moon was treated formerly with great
disrespect, such was the profound regard always
paid the old one. And no Chester almanac
maker would ever have anything to do with it.
All this sublime conservatism was considered
as the very natural result of the immediate
presence and power of His Majesty at) The
Den. His wrath used to be greatly roused at
the appearance in his realm of those marauding
parties known as Temperance and Anti-Slavery
agents and lecturers, especially the latter, as
this editor has more than once found to his
cost. It was long ago, when fervent sacraments
of patriotic punch, well mingled and well drunk,
especially on fourth of Julys, were proof of
loyalty, and when only sober men were suspected
of secession tendencies ; and when chattel slave-
ry was so sacred and so worshipped as almost
to constitute a fourth person in the godhead;
and to speak or vote against it, or to be unwill-
ing to hear it preached, or to refuse to sit at tire
Lords Supper with it was counted the very
blasphemy against the Holy Ghost. A won-
drous town was Chester in those old days.
And that celestial appearance of the twenty-
third ultimo revives soifiewbat its former emi-
nence. Chiefly in our eyes, because of one
bright scintillation from the Meieor-ic shower
which flashed into the office of The Revolu-
tion, as if saying please notice mid exchange.
Caught and carefully examined the Meteor,
proved to be a handsomely printed and well
edited little newspaper, published by the
young ladies of the Congregational Society.
Neutral in politics, it appeared to be, and noth-
ing in particular religiously, beyond its name.
It goes for Greenbacks, however, to large ex-
tent ; (may therefore sustain Pendleton for
President, or at least the Pendletoman policy),
though its intense zeal for paper currency
seemed to be the result rather of its religious
character. Indeed the paper appears to have
been the organ and partly the stock in trade of
a grand Ladies Pair or Festival held to promote
the temporal interests of the Congregational
Society in that town.
The Meteor had a Poets Corner, beaming
forth in strain like this :
The ladies of old Chester, wise
Care not a slxavt for votes;
The; stay at home and make the pies,
And mend their husbands coats.
Not altogether a commendable confession is
here. It savors a little cf the Den. But there
is hope of the place after all, for its young la-
dies have evidently heard of The Revolu-
tion and taking advantage of their leap year
privilege, have even proffered their hand, and
made proposals, so soon. Their fathers and
mothers cared not a straw for Anti-Slavery.
But argument from human lips enforced by
logic from the cannons red mouth, with shock
and shriek of battle, the groans of myriads dy-
I ing, the ghastly corpses of yet unnumbered and
unknown dead, the mourners crowding so many
streets, the scorching simooms of national debt
and taxation unparalleled in the annals of the
human race, awakened them at length to the
conviction that God cared more than a straw
for the down-trodden and oppressed ; and that
he not only had an ear tor their' cry, but thun-
derbolts for their deliverance.
The Congregational Society,in Chester
was rich and strong, but it spumed the cry and
cause of the slave. It shut its inexorable doors
against the Anti-Slavery enterprise. It would
not so much as give notice of its humble
prayer-meetings and larger gatherings. It
hardened its heart against all warning, en-
treaty and.. expostulation. It said to the
Moseses and messengers sent of God, Who
is the Lord that I should obey his voice to let
the enslaved go free ? It welcomed the South-
ern slave-breeder, slave-trader, slave-driver and
slave-holder to its most holy convocations.
It branded as anti-Christ and infidel all who re-
fused thus devoutly to worship the most un-
clean beast. More than thirty years the Infinite
Patience suffered this foul idolatry. The
Northern church refused to come out of the
Southern synagogue of satan where trade was
in slaves and souls of men. Their boast
North and South was, one Lord, one iaith, one
baptism. Together the North and South wor-
shipped. Together they sat down to sacrament.
Together they sung
How pleasant tis to see
Brethren ar.d friends agree 1
All this was true till 1861. On the first Sunday
in January of that memorable year was this
substantially true. Partial protests there had
been, but these did' hot change the general re-
sult. The right hand of church fellowship was
still clasped across Mason and Dixons Line.
They claimed warrant for slaveholding from
both Old Testament and New. New England
Doctors of Divinity denounced any higher law
than the United States Constitution, interpreted
in the interest of slave-holding and slave-hunt-
ing, as downright fanaticism!
But the July of that same year saw other
sights, shuddered at other- sounds. For, on a.
beautiful Sunday morning did God arise in
might and majesty, and seizing the Church of
the North as in his right hand and the Church of
the South in his left, at the battle of Bull Run
he dashed them together and poured them*an
awful sacrament #in each others blood! He
had called to the North mid it refused. This,
therefore, was His righteous award: Go meet
your Southern brethren in deadly encounter ;
butcher them in battle and be butchered by
them In your lives ye would not be separ-
ated. In your deaths ye shall not be divided.
Through six generations of slaves ye drank
their tears, their sweat, their blood ; now
shall the cup new mingled, be commended to
your own lips. Drink ye all of it; rem smbering
evermore, that He who sees the sparrow fall
and hears the young ravens when they cry, will
never forget his children, no matter how strong
the arm of their oppressors!
And this was the Mystery of the recent war!
Let the young ladies of the Congregational
church in Chester study it well. And the
young men, also, who survived that fearfuiest
phenomenon of the nineteenth centurynay of
all the centuries. Chester made a most honor-
able record for herself in that terrible encounter.
But more honorable far would it have been
to have prevented it by long before un-
doing the heavy burdens and letting the op-


281

pressed go free. Now, however, let not its true
meaning be mistaken, and thereby its greatest
benefit and blessing be lost. Slavery was once
honorable, now, who does not pronounce it
accursed? Anti-Slavery was despised and re-
jected of men. Garrison was a man of sorrows
and acquainted with grief. Now his name is
above every American name. Both the hemis-
pheres delight to bring him honor and gifts of
gold. Paros has no marble too white for his
monument. Some Phidias perhaps may yet
be born to make himself immortal by carving
his statue ; and whose descendants, like the
illustrious Athenians, shall be also honorably
appointed guardians of that statue, more pre-
cious than the Palladium of Troy, more hal-
lowed than the Vestal Fire.
Let the young women who flashed their beau-
tiful Meteor into the office of The Revolution
remember that all important truths are at first
rejected and their ministers despised, perse-
cuted, and often crucified. Let them inmitate
their mothers in every domestic duty and wo-
manly grace. Let them also be told in all
kindness, that the question of the franchise for
woman only waits its hour. It must come, or
eternal justice abdicates the throne. Slavery
having passed away, it is the next demand in
our republican government. It is required too
and sanctioned by the laws of the moral uni-
verse. And thus divinely appointed* it must
succeed though its advent should burn up the
earth, melt down the skies and dry up all the
seas.
WOMEN AT TEE POLLS.
From an eye witness of that wonderful scene
in Michigan, one hundred and fourteen women
marching up to the polls to vote, we receive
this spicy letter, as the press says of The
Revolution. Three cheers for the men of
Sturgis! they are gentlemen.
Sturgis, Mich., April 21,1868.
Yes, you do #. Anthony and Stanton turn church,
state, and home inside out and wrong side too, bottom
side upward, make every nook and comer clean with
soap and sand, regular woman fashion, then hang out to
air and dry, and if perchance there should be lelt any
uncleanliness about these rotten, tainted institutions,
you have discharged your duty. The world can never
lay their charges at your door, nor brand you with cow-
ardice. Nor will I quit. All honor and glory to such no-
ble women. You have just come in lime to save a di-
seased, perishing sisterhood who are fast dwindling
into a state worse than nothingness. While these are
drifting along catching at straws to serve their help-
lessness, an army of able-bodied, strong-nerved women
axe ready to fall into rank mid file, shoulder to shoulder,
and help carry on the war of the Revolution.
Thank God you have lived to inaugurate this great-war-
fare. Already we have smelled powder and shot away out
West, and we are making feeble efforts towards recruiting.
I have a new subscriber for you and hope to get many
more before the year ends. Up, women, with purse and
heart, swell the list to a hundred thousand strong, dont be
tardy, come and be fed, there is enough and plenty to
spare. Consider me a life subscriber, then I shall bequeath
it to whom I cannot telljusfc now. By the by, we must tell
you what occurred in our town on election day, one hun-
dred and fourteen women went to the polls and put in
their ballots for prohibition, two by two the long
line filed along the streets, looking grandly ; signifi-
cant of what is to come-we entered the uncleanly place,
deposited our votes, the men pressing back to leave room
for us to pass around the box and walk out Our men
seemed to lake it in good faith and behaved very much
to their credit. S. A. Gray.
This settles the common objection that re-
spectable women would not go to the polls. The
moment that woman understands that our col-
leges, schools, streets, tenement houses, jails
and prisons are all subjects of legislation, she
will feel tfcafc it is be* solemn duty to use ber
influence to the utmost to improve the sur-
roundings of her sons and daughters in the
great world, as well as in the family circle.
This scene in Michigan settles another ques-
tion that all true men, in their moral warfare
a'gainst vice and crime, are ready to accept the
aid and co-operation of woman. Inasmuch as
good people are in the majority, we need have
no fears that their united influence will not
carry every election against the vicious and de-
praved, even assuming that they will ever
promptly rush to the polls.
Women of property and education would
naturally feel more interest in public affairs,
having a knowledge of the science of govern-
ment, than would the ignorant, who regard the
whole of life as a game of chance and their
punishments for violated law but inexorable
destiny.
The least the men of Michigan can now do is
to take the word male from their consti-
tution.
NEW JERSEY.
Finding the taxes so heavy in New York we
have sold all our earthly possessions except
The Revolution, husband, and seven chil-
dren, and moved to Highwood Park, New Jer-
sey. Having secured to the women of the
empire State nearly all their personal and
property rights, we shali now make New Jersey
the field of our future missionary labor*.
Meeting a distinguished lawyer from that State
a few days since, we expressed our chagrin on
finding no married woman could make a will
in New Jersey. Rest assured, he replied,
that when our legislators hear that the editor
of. The Revolution is to take them in hand,
they will capitulate at once and grant all that
you claim. e. o. s.
THE NEW YORK OBSERVER.
Over the windows of this conservative jour-
nal will appear this week a sign bearing the in-
scription The Revolution. To the unso-
phisticated passer by, it may suggest a change
of faith, some new observations in this age of
progress, on the present and future conditions
of the human family on the part of the ortho-
dox Observer. But this sign indicates nothing
of the sort ; it simply announces to our num-
erous patrons that we have changed oiir office,
into more spacious and elegant apartments,
fitted up with fresh paper, paint, carpets, pic-
turesall those feminine elegancies which will
make the rooms of The Revolution the
most attractive in the World building.
A Massachusetts Record.Last week the
Massachusetts legislature made a unanimous re-
port against amending the constitution so as to
allow female suffrage. Only one member of the
committee was favorably disposed, and he was
finally persuaded to vote against his judgment.
The report was promptly accepted in both
branches. This makes the third year in succes-
sion that the legislators have frowned upon the
measure. The paper containing the above in-
telligence, in another column happens to say
that forty-six divorce cases will be np for settle-
ment before the Massachusetts Supreme Court,
at Taunton, next week. At this rate, a new
court, to take charge of matrimonial matters
only, soon will have to be established in that
virtuous commonwealth.
TRACTS.
We have now for sale at our office the ad-
mirable tract on The Enfranchisement of Wo-
men, by Mrs. John Stuart Mill, and the elo-
quent speech of Geo. W. Curtis in the Con-
stitutional Convention of New York oh the
same subject. We shall soon have a complete
series of all those distributed in Kansas in the
last election, which proved so great an instru-
mentality in securing the 9,000 votes for Wo-
mans Suffrage.
Senatorial Sottishness.It is truly shame-
ful that to all the other calamity of this poor
country, it must affiict-itself with drunken men
in all its high places. It seems bent on destruc-
tion in spite of all the forbearance of God and
the efforts of good men and women. The Chi-
cago Iribune, certainly good Republican au-
thority, says in reference to Senator Yates (who
has just made a confession to his constituents
which no sound, sober and truly sane man
could ever make), he has other vicious and de-
basing habits which he ought to reform, and
adds that it would be in better taste to reform
once without issuing a proclamation, than to be
continually issuing proclamations and never re-
forming. The Chicago Times (Democratic) is
also very bitter upon Mr. Yates and his habits
and his pledges. The temperance people, too,
continue to be dissatisfied; and the Senator will
evidently have to keep his promise a good
while before he wins back the good opinion of
the State he represents.
Education in Kansas.Probably Kansas has
one of the best school systems in the Union.
Every sixteenth and thirty-sixth section is
school land, amounting to about 3,000,000 acres.
The public schools and school buildings, are
superior to many in other States. Besides the
State University, at Lawrence, with46,000acres;
the Agricultural College, Manhattan, with 90,-
000 ; and the State Normal School, at Emposia,
with 38,000 acres, there are six universities, one
college, two institutes, two academies, and one
female seminary, all of which are liberally en-
dowed ; and best of all, the women of*the State
have the right to vote on all questions pertain-
ing to the schools.
The Pope a Pioneer.Wm. PartoD, in his
Atlantic Monthly papers, says the Roman Catho-
lic Church has for many years carefully antici-
pated the progress of population Westward, and
by small investments in land at points along
the probable directions of future railways has
become very wealthy. A professor in one of
our Western colleges, saw, two years ago, at
Rome, a better map of the country west of the
Mississippi than he ever saw at home, upon
which the line of the Pacific Railway was
traced, and every spot was dotted where a set-
tlement would naturally gather, and a conjec-
ture recorded as to its probable importance.
Bonnets.A specimen of total depravity dares
to say that the ladies probably think the size
of the bonnet should be in proportion to the
brain to be covered And the scamp adds that
in his opinion they measure with wonderful ac-
curacy. In fact, he says the biggest part of a
fashionable bonnet is now worn under the chin.
So, too, he tells us it used to be an object with
the manufacturers of parasols to see how deli-
cate it was possible to make the bandies of


282
those indispensablee. Now, this order of things
is transposed, and ladies parasols boast handles
approximating in size to a juvenile base-ball bat.
Ivory has given place to carved walnut, and
neatness and elegance to clumsiness and inele-
gance.
A GOOD SIGN OF PROGRESS.
Readers of The Revolution have been
already introduced to the Chicago Advance, the
Western rival of the New York Independent As
a religious journal many prefer it to the Inde-
pendent, and the. number of such is increasing.
Its liberal tone towards the enfranchisement of
woman entitles it to the respect of all who seek
that just and important object. The following
passages from a letter to it by a lady in
Michigan, will be read with interest, both for
what they contain and from respect to the chan-
nel through which they flow. The letter as will
be seen was in answer to one of an eatlier date,
also in the Advance and by a lady too :
Mbs. S. E. H. Dear Madame: Though I am not
One of the Graces, I hope it is not impertinent for me
to address you. B'or the fact that your letter thus en-
titled was printed in the Advance, directed it in effect, to
all the readers of that paper. Especially to those who
believe that women ought to vote, of whom I am one.
You remark It is a little aggravating to see our women
chasing a shadow, while the women of other lands, with
no noise about it, are securing a substantial reality.
This reality you intimate to be education. Will you look a
little farther ? A cotemporary has an article on Michigan
University in which occurs this passage: There yet
lingers for solution a tremendous practical problem in
the education, not of one sex, but of both sexes. How
magnificent and benign would be the example, for this
land and ior all lands, if the courage of Michigan Uni-
versity were equal to the solution of that question l
But how are authorities possessing courage enough to
inaugurate this change, to be obtained ? The record of
prominent men is before the people. We can lmow who
are in favor of extending all educational privileges to
worn en. Suppo se in any election this question should be
made an issue. Suppose, also, that women had the
right of suffrage. Then ii an overwhelming majority did
not appear on the side of every candidate, who was
pledged by his principles and his life, to give her all
possible educational advantages, the fact would appear to
her everlasting shame. Here is a practical question
affecting an existing institution. Women have asked for
admission to Michigan University and been denied. If
the women of that state possessed the right to vote they
would become-a power in the direction of opening the
University doors to their cwn sex. * * *
You may tell me, as so many do in round-about
phrases, that men think so much of women that they
will do all. these things for them. But they hove not
founded these schools and made these appropriations.
The truth is that they are too busy with their own
affairs. Woman owes it to herself to possess a Univer-
sity that shall equal any in the land. Have I not shown
that the right of suffrage is one of her direct instru-
ments to that end ?
It is conceded on all sides that the mother knows bet-
ter than anybody else what is for the welfare of her chil-
dren. These children spend six hours of every day in
the public schools. These schools are made, managed,
inspectedtheir teachers are engaged and paidtheir
courses of study chosenby men alone. The teacher
may be a woman but she is accountable to men only for
the management other pupils. Is it unreasonable for
a mother to desire to have a voice in the choice of men
who conduct the institutions in which so large a share
oi her childrens time is spent? Is it unreasonable to
demand that some members of the board of inspection
shall be those of her own sex ? Ought 6he not to help
decide how much money shall be spent in enabling her
boys and girls to study intelligently, pleasantly, health-
fully?
You were careful to substitute coffee for wine in your
quotations. How would it be if you had an authorita-
tive voice (so far as it went) in the substitution ?
[Though I think that would only be exchanging a great
evil for a lesser one. However, I wont enter on the
water question here. All reforms cannot be inaugurated,
at once.} Michigan is my native state. Within the
past week I have been ashamed of it for the first time.

I take but one issue. Would Prohibition have been de-
feated there if all the women whose lives rum has made
miserable could have voted? I was once in a town
where a hotel burned. Fires did not occur there daily,
so everybody went to see it. Among the property saved
were several large casks of liquor. They stood among
the crowd on the sidewalk when one young woman went
quietly and turned the faucets, saying, This stuff has
made me wretched all my life. These barrels, at any
rate, shall do no harm. And the contents flowed
qu:etly away into the gutter. I do not euter into the
question of her right to do it. But is there a doubt on
which side her vote would have been cast ?
Toward the close of your letter you say (as I infer) that
what woman need6 is thorough culture. I agree with
you. Is not the right of suffrage one means to that?
Are not the most valuable lessons in life often learned
by having responsibility thrown upon us ? If your
state should to-morrow pass a law giving you this right,
she would, by that act, also impose upon you the duty
of exercising it. Now would you not in view of that
fact, begin to read more carefully, think more seriously,
become more conscientious m your judgment of public
men ? I am convinced that you would not wish to ca6t
a ballot otherwise than intelligently and honestly.
Would you be satisfied that you could always do that,
without closer and deeper thinking than you have
already given to some subjects? I could not. Would
not such thinking be a means of culture to you and to
me?
Very truly yours, m. h. o.
WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE IN ENGLAND.
From the* London Correspondent of the N. Y. Times.
In the midst of the efforts of Mr. Mill, Prof. Fawcett,
M. T. Hughes and all the philosophers in favor of Fe-
male suffrage in England,[the announcement of the prob-
able appointment of a female Ambassadress from the
United Slates to the female'Sovereign of Great Britain
has rather a startling effect. In one respect it would be
an improvement. Mrs. Lord Bond might not be as able
to discuss the Alabama question as Mr. Adams or some
other maD, but surely she would not be prevented from
attending the levees and drawing-rooms of her Majesty
by those unfavorable circumstances which figure in
the Court reports so often, and which have banished
America from the English Court and Diplomatic society.
An Ambassadress would not be required to wear a bag
wig, and Congress could not object to a chignon. The
ladies in presence of Royally wear no more clothes than
at an ordinary evening parly. The only requirement is
that they do not cover thqir shoulders, and that, I am
sure, Congress would never have the cruelty to require.
A female Ambassadress will, therefore, remove the diffi-
culty, and triumph over the unavoidable circum-
stances which have eclipsed the latter days of the re-
tiring minister. I hope, therefore, to having the plea-
sure of welcoming her Exellency, Mrs'. Ministress Bond
to London with a complete diplomatic staff of American
young ladies, vsuoh as now unofficially represent America
in foreign countries and courts to admiration. Vive V
AmbassadHo /
While you are talking about womans rights, the Eng-
lish women are going to found a female university on the
road between London and Cambridge, with professors,
degrees and everything. There is always the money and
the zeal in England to do what they decide to be worth
doing.
With a Queen on the throne there is an odor
of royalty about all political rights. Hence the
advocates of Womans Suffrage in England are
of the nobility and leading classes; but here,
m America, it is quite the reverse where all
the unwashed males, black and white, are law-
makers, there is no post of honor left for
women, so they betake themselves to the clouds,
too good to go to the polls with ordinary men.
A Western paper says a young Indian girl
who had curiously watched the process of mark-
ing barrel-heads in a flouring-mill in Winona,
Minnesota, stole in one day, and, taking pos-
session of the stencils, ornamented her blanket
with the words, Ellsworths Choice, and
paraded the streets in great delight, but to the
disgust of Mr. Ellsworth, who is a hard shell
bachelor and had made no such choice.
LITERARY.
The Atlantic Monthly is excellent in its way, tbe May
number comparing favorably with its general character.
Undoubtedly to most of its myriads of readers it is
very satisfactory. It is not, however, up to the wants
though it may be to the wishes, of the hour. It seems
to have only the aim that Mrs. Barbauld taught young
women :
Your only empire is to please.
It lacks point and object. A Nantucket whaleman gave
as his opinion of a sermon he heard, that it carried no
harpoon. The Monthly is getting to be what indeed
almost the whole press is becoming, too much as though
made only to sell; but like many old, respectable and
faithful artisans and mechanics, it dont keep up with
the times. Daniel Webster said the right of Revolution
always exists. He might have added that it sometimes
comes to be a duty as well as right. In our humble judg-
ment that time is now. Literature has or should, have a
more elevated object than to please the groundlings.
We may be wrong. Our birth, growth and progress
hitherto, were outside the favored realm ot books and
literary culture; bu t somehow a great, noble truth
that goes ringing through tbe air like tones of a cathe-
dral bell, will arrest and hold our attention, and inspire
new hope for humanity. The Atlantic used to do good
work for both mind and heart. Its leaves were as i
plucked from the tree of life. It is not time yet to show
signs ol age or decay.
The Herald of Health for May is before us. The
Only Spices and Condiments permitted and advo-
cated by this popular monthly are peace, pure air, pro-
perly prepared food, no medicine, and lots of nature in
large doses. Its list of contributors is tully in keeping
with its high-toned teachings. In the Tune number will
be commenced a series of valuable articles to parents on
the Care, Education, and rearing of Children, expressly
written for it by Mrs. Horace Mann, Miss E. P. Peabody,
Grace Greenwood, Frances Dana Gage, Mrs. Dio Lewis,
Sarah Jane Hale. Elizabeth Oakes Smith, etc., and will
be continued through the 'Volume. $2 per annum, 20
cts. per number. Address Miller, Wood & Co., Publish-
ers, 15 Laight street, New York.
We have just received the Gospel of Health for March,
out of all season, but so well filled as to deserve honor
able notice. R. T. Trail, M.D., publisher, 97 Sixth
avenue, New York; J. S. Capen, 722 Chestnut street,
Philadelphia. With many excellent articles on health,
its specialty, the March number has the able speech of
John Stuart Mill in the British Parliament, on Womans
Right of Suffrage ; an extended notice of Gail Hamiltons
sacrifice of Rev. Dr. Todd; a well selected Agricultural
Department, and much miscellaneous matter beside.
No journal on our table manifests a deeper Interest in
the cause of womans elevation and enfranchisement
than the Gospelof Health.
Poetry.The .Herkimer County Citizen thus
pulls the quills out of the wings of genius. It
may seem a little cruel, but many an editor
will be glad to see the plucking :
We sincerely hope our friends, who have not achieved
a reputation for writing poetry, will not attempt to make
experimental flights in the columns of our paper. Save
us from the trouble of reading doggerel in manuscript,
and yourself the mortification of your rhymes rejected.
Good poetry, we admire and appreciate, at least to a cer-
tain extent, but we have no time to waste in examining
versos, whose chief merit consists in correct measure-
ment, and whose.chief end is rhyme. For great thoughts
in small words, whether in prose or verse, we shall be
grateful, but namby-pamby lines, without one idea to
illuminate them, cannot be admitted, however genteely
they may knock or politely they may bow at the door of
our sanctum.
Villainous.The Ku-Klux Elan seems to be-
long to both parties alike. Senator Grimes, it
is said, has received several letters threatening
him with assassination if he votes for the ac-
quittal of Mr. Johnson.
In the Insane Hospital of Indiana, there are,
according to a late investigation, forty-seven
women crazed by the brutal conduct of drunken
husbands.



THE BRITISH BASTILE.
THE MORTALITY OP NATIONS THE REVOLUTION
QUOTED IN EUROPEA ST. PATRICE WANTED
TO CLEAN OUT THE ROYAL CONTINENTAL REP-
TILES LIVING OPP THE BRITISH TREASURYA
BRIGHT FUTURE FOR AMERICA.
4 Courts Marshalsea, Dublin, |
. April 17, 1868. \
The visit of the Prince of Wales is a fizzle.
Newspapers all give flunkey reports. Fireworks
dont go off well, and the German Princess
dont take. A radical journal says :
In order to enhance in the estimation oi the Irish peo-
ple the honor they are receiving at the hands of the
Prince, the Court papers take care to let Ireland know
thatH. R II. will be accompanied by no le3S than three
near relatives of the royal familynamely, the Princess
ofTeck, Saxe-Weimsr, and Leiningenevery one of them
Germans, pensioned from, and quartered on, the hard-
earned wages of the working classes of the United King-
dom 1 Surely such a compliment as this must at onoe
convert the most rebellious Fenians into good, true, and
loyal subjects of Queen Viotoria.
Perhaps, however, it may be well to inform our Irish
brethren that there is a vast number of cantankerous-
minded people in this country who would not object if
some sort oi St. Patrick were to make Ills appearance in
England, and deal with the Christians, the Tecks, the
Saxe-Weimars, the Leiningens, and, in fact, the whole,
tribe of German highnesses' and serenities that
have coolly quartered themselves upon our pockets, in
precisely the same way as St. Patrick did with the rep-
tiles getrid of them from amongst us.
First night, one grenadier killed and one
wealthy deputy sentinel assassinated. Dont
know what may occur next week ; but I smell
murder in the air. There is a low, grumbling
sound of Revolution. Disraeli is the Robes-
pierre undermining the monarchy. He will
beat Bright and Gladstone from present appear-
ances.
A PRESENT FROM NEW YORE.
Will you let me acknowledge through The
Revolution a kind remembrance from over
t-ie sea ?
New York, April 3,1868.
G. F. Train, Esq.Dear Sir: Permit me to intrude
upon your solitude with my sympathies and an India
Rubber- Fen. You may appreciate my sympathies but
can hardly be benefited thereby, but the pen will be a
solace in your confinement, and will render your literary
efforts more of a pleasure than ever. This pen is an
American invention, is rapidly growing into favor, and
is endorsed by many eminent men. With great con-
sideration, Yours truly, Jas. W. Graff.
The fact of the pen being American makes it
doubly valuable. Nothing but American pens
should be used in America.
THE REVOLUTION CREATING A SENSATION.
The London Times says :
A large and influentially attended meeting in favor of
conferring the franchise upon, women was held on Tues-
day night in Manchester. Mr. Jacob Bright, M.P.; Mr.
T-. B. Potter, M.P.j Mr. B. Whitworth, M.P.; Mr. Chis-
holm Anstey, aud many other gentlemen connected with
the Liberal party, were present. The speciality of the
meeting, however, was the appearance, as speakers, of
Mrs. Pochin, wife of the Mayor of Salford, Mid two other
ladies. The resolutions proposed to the meeting were
adopted.
The above indicates the way the wind blows.
Three women on the standa Stanton, Anthony,
and Brown stumping England. The Kansas
campaign proves a contagion. Everybody
quotes The Revolution. It creates a sensa-
tion. Mill will get more than seventy-three votes
in next Parliament. Here is another remarkable
article from Reynolds London Newspaper, quot-
ing extensively from The Revolution. Edu-
cated Suffrage. That is the word. It was a
happy thought. When members of Parliament
and Mayors wives enter tne lists for woman,
when organizalions are forming everywhere,
just as Garrison, Tilton, Greeley, Phillips re-
tire from the field, it shows that the editors of
The Revolution have better intuitions
than the Anti-Slavery Standard clique.
THE MORTALITY OF NATIONS.
There is more power in one paragraph from
the Mortality of Nations, than in a dozen speeches
of your milk and water supplies. Read :
Ad<3 in the plenitude of our generosity, we even pro-
pose to extend the gift to woman also. It is proposed to
make educated, cultivated, refined, loyal, tax-paying,
government-obeying woman equal to the servants who
groom her horses, and scour the pots and pans of her
kitchen. Unfortunate beings, without property, and
scarcely knowing the English tongue, or any other, are
entreated to grant to women, the superior of all the
queens of the old world, the right to co-operate with
them in the affairs of State. Women here in Nev
York worth thousands and hundreds of thousands in
gold, and whose money is the meanest part of their
real value in society, are humbly petitioning their coach-
men, their footmen and gardeners, the discharged State-
prison convicts, the idiots and lunatics, all of whom may
and often do exercise the right of the ballot, to permit
them also to share v> ith them in making and executing
the laws.
Our Maria Mitchells, our Harriet Hosmers, Harriet
Beecher Stowes, Lydia Maria Childs, and Lueretia Motts,
with millions of the mothers and matrons of qniet
homes, where they preside with queenly dignity and
grace, are begging of besotted, debauched white male
citizens, legal voters, soaked in whiskey, simmered in
tobacco, and parboiled in every shameless vice and sin,
to recognize them also as human, and graciously accord
to them the rights of intelligent beings!Parker Pills-
bury's Mortality of Nations.
Thunder away. God and the right are with
you. The Revolution was inaugurated just
in time. Congratulations on ) our new and larger
office. Is The Revolution under, over or all
round the World in the new rooms of No. 37?
You complain of my sileuce. I thought if I
retired, that Horace, or Gerritt, or Wendell
might enlist.
THE POLITICAL APOTHECARY SHOP IN WASHINGTON.
You say, come home. Why ? What do I
care about the White House, except for Reform?
to elevate, to ennoble man What could I do
in Washington ? In jail I am contenta looker-
on. Here I see most of the game'. America
will live in spite of the doctors.
The United States, young among the nations, the
mother earth 6ix thousand years old at^heir birth, wet-
nursed by forty centuries of history, and schooled by all
the experience of the ages, with almost'half a globe for
their inheritance, with Christianity their faith and Re-
. pnblicanism their lorm of government, they survived a
precocious childhood and then fell a victim to their own
vices and crimes. To-day they are in the hands of
many physicians, though of doubtful reputation, who
seem far less desirous to cure the patient than to divide
and share the estate.Mortality of Nations.
The whole affair is a swindle. Grant was to
be thrown over. Stanton was to take the place
of Adams. Seward was to talk war. Both gov-
ernments were to play into each others hands
to sell out the Irish vote. But the machinery
cannot work against Destiny. No one need
worry on my account. I shall be on hand when
my hour arrives. What other man in America
would ha ve had the moral courage to go through
the insolvent court ? There is one thing of
which the country may feel assured ; I am not
afraid to show my hand and express my opinions
in either land. Is there another candidate who
dares do as much ?
THE GOOD TIME COMING.
I see only sunshine in the future. All looks
bright and happy. Our nation cannot be killed
by the Washington apothecaries ;
The past mortality must last among nations, so long
as they set at nought the Divine economy and purpose
in their formation. The human body may yield to decay
and die, though the soul be imperishable and eternal.
But nations, like souls, need not die. Streams of new
life flow into them, hke rivers into the sea; end why
should not the sea and the nations on its shores, roll on
together with the ages ?
When governments shall learn to lay their foundations
in righteousness, with eternal justice the chief corner-
stone ; when equal and impartial liberty shall be the oc-
knowleclged birthright of all, then will national life begin
to be prolonged ; and the death of a nation, were it pos-
sible, should be as though more than a Pleiad had ex-
pired. No more would nation then lift up sword against
nation ; and the New Jerusalem would indeed descend
from God out of heaven and dwell among men.- Mor-
tality of Nations.
Good crops and happy friends will follow the
Greenback age. The skulls of our people are
very thick, but they are getting educated.
The Revolution is a new channel. New
thoughts, new ideas are flowing through the
land. Open the gold mines of our educated
Countrywomen. Let them talk to the people,
and the New Jerusalem is near at hand. Keep
the Impeachment going two weeks more, and
the people will howl with rage. Not one honest
idea in the whole affair. Nothing but a sick-
ening struggle for office. No matter how it
turns, there is a grand future for my beau-
tiful America.
Sincerely yours,
Geo. Francis Train.
Womans Wishes for The Revolution.
Every day we are in receipt of letters full of
sentiments like the following. From San Frau-
cisco one woman writes :
It grieves my soul to find men who I thought had
warm hearts for the cause of human progress, shrug
their shoulders and say,- that is not my style. Short-
sighted mortals, cant they see that the salvatkn of our
country and the elevation of our people depend on. this
very movement, inaugurated by yourself, my dear Miss.
Anthony, and your associates ? God bless you. f.
Another writing from St. Louis :
I like The Revojlu noN very much; may God bless
your efforts and make the paper what it seems likely to
become, a power in the land for good. My hope and
prayer have long been for the enfranchisement of wo-
man, and now the day seems not far off.
British Humanity.A poulterer in Loudon
was recently arrested for plucking feathers from
living 'fowls. He called another to testify in
his behalf. The witness said that he disposed
of five thousand fowls a week and be always
does them in that way. The fowls are
plucked alive because they look fatter and
plumper when offered for sale than plucked
aftef death. The same paper says, not long ago
arrests were made in London of people who
were accustomed to skin cats alive. The fur
kept its gloss, it was contended, when taken off
in that way.
Smoking in Street Cars.Boston has pro-
hibited the vulgar habit of smoking out the
eyes and turning the healthy stomachs of pas-
sengers riding -in the street cars with filthy
tobacco. A half dozen rowdies on the front
platform puffing like an engine at their cigars
or pipes, are enough to keep all decent people
from riding at all.
A Delectable Mountain.Not far from
Monadnock Mountain is the town of Boxbury,
in Cheshire County, N. H., which has at pre-
sent within its limits neither doctor, lawyer,
clergyman, nor pauper. And for more than a
year not a death has occurred in the town.


284:
fc* Sftftflttti**.-- -
Some of our exchanges complain that while
they have bestowed most flattering praises on
us, we have not noticed them in our column
** What the Press Says of Us. As our neglect
has been purely accidental, we hope those who
have been specially spicy and piquantwill mark
and send again, that their names may be pre-
served in the archives of The Revolution.
Woman Suffrage in England.The English
correspondent of the New York Times writes :
Iu fhig movement England is entirely ahead of America,
though it is scarcely a year since it was first seriously
talked about. Is it the soil or the climate thatj makes
radical ideas grow so rapidly ?
It is neither. The English, in their practical
common sense views, believe in an aristocracy
of wealth and education, rather than in one of
sex, ignorance and poverty as we do in this re-
public.
Dubuque is said to have a Society of Grass
Widowers. One local paper says of it: If
there should be any unusual deviltry enacted
about these times let the Society of ad interim
bachelors be looked alter.
The Spiritualist.This is a bright little paper
published in Appleton, Wis., Joseph Baker, editor. On
the question of suffrage it says : There is not an argu-
ment, if arguments they may be called, against enfran-
chising women that has not been used and is still used,
to support slavery. We rejoice to see public attention
called to this subject. We know that man has no right
but that of brutal force, the law of the savage, to deny to
woman the same that he claims for himself as a human
being ; nor will the power of any party prevent us from
candidly expressing our opinions.
Who Pats?A working man said in a speech lately :
The bondholder does nothing. He is supported. I
pay state taxes, county taxes, village taxes, town taxes,
revenue taxes, direct taxes, taxes on everything, taxes
to support the government, and taxes to support the
bondholders who pay no taxes for any purpose whatever
TEE MONETARY SYSTEM.
We have discussed the rights of capital and
labor for no other purpose than that of convinc-
ing the public that the high rates of interest on
money, favored by our present unjust monetary
laws, whilst stimulating the enterprise of the
very few, and certainly securing to .them great
wealth, represses the enterprise ol the great
mass of the people, by depriving them of the
just reward of their labor, and tends to the in-
orease of pauperism and crime, and the ine-
vitable overthrow of the government. And that
justice to labor, while it will secure individual
comfort and happiness to all who are able and
willing to work, will rapidly develop our natural
resources and greatly increase the national
wealth.
It has been shown that labor constitutes the
real wealth of a nation, and without claiming
for it anything more than its natural rights, we
insist that these should be guarded by the most
jealous care of the government.
The rights of property can only be protected
by general laws. It is utterly impracticable for
the government to have a supervision over the
individual agreements and business transactions
in the nation. All it can or ought to do, in this
important matter is, to make such general laws
for the government of property as will naturally
tend to effect its equitable distribution. A care-
ful examination of our monetary system will
convince any candid mind that our present laws
of distribution are continually doing a great
wrong to the people, and that under their ope-
ration labor is not and cannot be properly re-
warded. A change is indispensable, and the
present necessities of the government afford a
favorable opportunity for effecting this most de-
sirable reform. It is now for the American
people, whose government is founded on the
principles of equality and freedom, to establish
the rights of labor, which in the past have been
disregarded, except as they ministered to the
extravagance and luxury of a privileged class.
We believe that the adoption of the monetary
system here proposed will prove an effectual
remedy for these great evilsthat it will as cer-
tainly reward labor as the one now in force has
oppressed it. But the question now arises, how
and by what means can its adoption be secured ?
Those directly interested in the adoption of
a true monetary system are: all Christians,
philanthropists, agriculturists, manufacturers,
mechanics, laborers; in a word, all who wish
to earn a support by honest industry. But
above all others, our soldiers who are enduring
the privation and trials of camp life, and peril-
ing their lives on the battle-field in defense of
our free institutions. They are learning by
painful experience the value of freedom and
justice. The establishing of a just medium of
distribution to capital and labor will secure to
at least nine-tentk3 of our population the pe-
cuniary benefits which are justly due them, and
the remaining tenth will be left in the undis-
turbed possession of their present wealth, and,
like their fellow-citizens, at liberty to increase
it-by any useful employ ment. It. might naturally
be thought that none would oppose a system so
beneficent in its results, but the sway which
selfishness and avaiice bold over the minds
and hearts of men who worship at the si line
of-mammon, will lead them to offer a deter-
mined rcsistence to the adoption of this or any
other system, having for its object the just re-
ward of labor. And, though their numbers are
comparatively small, let not the friends of jus-
tice flatter themselves with the hope of an easy
victory. The bankers and usurers have so
long controlled the currency and monied in-
terests of the nation, and through these means
the financial and general policy of the govern-
ment, that, like all other despots, they have
come to claim it as a divine right, and be as-
sured they will not relinquish this power with-
out a determined struggle. They are thorough-
ly disciplined and organized for the conflict,
and will be unscrupulous in the use of all the
means at their command. The almighty dollar is
the power they mainly rely upon. We have else-
where shown the enormous amount of this mo-
tive power of which they have defrauded labor,
and which they will use to retain their power over
the government and people. They know that
public opinion is next to omnipotent* and
through the medium of the public press they
manufacture and control it to suit their own
purposes. Many of our leading journals, par-
ticularly those of the sensation order, are es-
tablished and conducted by them for this ex-
press purpose, and many others lend their
influence to aid them in the consummation of
the basest transactions for the sake of a little
filthy lucre. Through these means they have
been enabled to elect to our State and National
Legislatures, and to elevate to other positions of
high trust, mere professional politicians, who
are as much in their interest and under their
control as if they were employed by them in a
direct business capacity. If they fail to secure
9k controlling influence in this way> they will
threaten the weak and timid with the power of
the press, and many who are naturally disposed
to do right are in this way driven to support
their corrupt measures, and if there is still a
deficiency, they have the thirty pieces of silver
to make it up. By these means they have con-
trolled legislation, state and national, not only
regardless of the interests of the wealth-produc-
ing classes, but in direct opposition to justice.
Nor has their power stopped here. It has en-
tered the halls of justice and influenced the de-
cisions of the courts, defeating the ends of jus-
tice, It is felt even in the sanctuary, in many
instances closing the mouth of the professed
man of God against practices, most positively
and expressly forbidden in the word of truth.
It was not so, however, with the Good Master
himself; when he found the predecessors of
these bankers and usurers in the temple, know-
ing their true character,' he named them pro-
perly and treated them justly. If the Ameri-
can people would preserve their Temple of Lib-
erty, pure and undefiled, they must do like-
wise.
When we consider the almost u nlimitedsway
these enemies of liberty and justice hold over
the government of the nation, and the means
they have for perpetuating their rule, they be-
come indeed a formidable power, and one well
calculated to intimidate and discourage the
weak'and doubling. But the greatness of their
power and the manner in which they have used
it, are among the main, and are of themselves
a sufficient reason for its utter overthrow. The
government must rule over this unjustly con-
stituted money power, or it will rule over the
,government and people, and instead of the Re-
public being what its founders intended it
should bean asylum for the oppressed of all
nationsour own citizens will be able to find
relief from its oppressions under the most des-
potic government in Europe.
FINANCIAL PROBLEMS.
NO. IV.
In a previous communication, it was assumed tliat
here should be first, international coinage, ormonetary-
sfandards, and next, an international paper, or bank
note currency making it not only possible, but as easy,
to travel abroad and avoid the constant necessity for
money changers which now exists, as it would be in any
portion of our own country under the extension and
legalization of the New England or Suffolk Bank system
of prompt par redemption of the natural trade centres to-
wards which our ournotes always flow, and where they
are consequently most valuable to the holder.
To those who cannot appreciate the importance of a
uniform coinage in the present and prospective con-
dition of the worlds financial affairs, we commend an
examination of the able and interesting report made by
Hon. Samuel B. Buggies to the Department of State, in
relation to the monetary conference at Baris in 1867,
where he was the delegate from the United States.
We shall hope, however, that persons conversant with
the wants of business as it is now transacted will be able
to understand readily how much cost and constant per-
plexity would be avoided by the very simple, reasonable
change proposed, which would reduce our coins and
those of Great Britain to the standard of France, to
which already, a large portion of Europe conforms.
It would only be necessary to provide, as we should in
all cases where there is a change of the standard, that
existing contracts shall be protected from violation,
making new ones by the new measure.
If this had been done when we suspended specie pay-
ments the creditors would not have been wronged as they
were most grossly, and would he more willing than they
are now that the same principle should be applied to ex-
isting currency liabilities which they are hoping to col-
ect in specie, or its equivalent, in order, as some o f
them aver, to indemnify themselves for the wrong they
|have suffered by the suspension. Let us remember
that the value or purchasing power of gold and silver coins



285
is determined by their relation to the labor by which
they are produced, and that no amount of legislation
can change this law.
We may degrade our coins by reducing their weight
or fineness, and compel our creditors if we will to accept
these in payment because they have the same name as
before.
But, I trust that the reader^ of The Revolution
can see that this, although done more than once in our
own country, is very far from being honest or in any
way excusable. The Constitution of the United States
wisely forbids that any state shall enact laws impairing
the validity of contracts, and in face of this provision
Congress legalizes suspension and thus reduces the
claims of millions of creditors to half their original
value. t
It is now sought to perpetuate another great wrong by
obliging the debtors to pay in gold what they owe in
paper, by requiring not only that new contracts shall be
made by the gold standard, but that all old ones shall be
enhanced in value forty per cent., as they will be by re-
sumption, direct or indirect, immediate or remote, with-
out the' provision we have insisted upon, and which
shonld not be omitted in any arrangement we may be
able to make hereafter for a uniform international
coinage.
Give ns a single world-wide standard, and then all our
paper, whether bank notes, checks, drafts, or bills of ex-
change, shall he brought to this standard, and, when due,
made convertible into specie, or something which will
serve the purpose of the creditor as specie would.
First among the substitutes for coin in making our
payments, we find bank notes, and these have come to
he considered as money, more than any other form of
paper, though they have no more value as such than
checks or drafts, and are no more than these payable in
specie, or on demand practically. They have a certain
average circulation, without which they would never he
issued, as no banker could afford to take the risk and
cost of supplying the public with such notes, founded
as they are upon the paper of his customers, unless there
was a reasonable degree of certainty that they would re-
main in use until the time when his own bills receivable
become due.
Let ns remember that bank notes are not, as many
Bupp.ose, founded' upon specie, but that they are the con-
vehient substitutes for commercial paper which is, or
should be, the representative of and title to commodities
such as all creditors desire, and for which they must pay
gold in case this is supplied by the debtor.
We shall find upon investigation, that in proportion as
facilities for exchanges are increased, and parties become
more and more acquainted and willing to trust each
other, there will be less and less call for gold, the busi-
ness of the world being conducted by the use of such
currency as has been already mentioned, in preference
to specie or even bank notes:
Bank notes, however, are, not only convenient, but
necessary to a limited extent, for mall change in our
large transactions, and they play*so important a part,
standing as they certainly do at the head of all our
paper, that we cannot consistently omit to secure the
certainty that they shall always serve our purpose, as
they profess to do, as well as specie.
We are not to reach the desired result by any legisla-
tion as to the number of banks, amount of capital, notes
issued, specie kept, on hand, or the rate of interest and
exchange, or any other matters of mere detail, but by
placing the bank which is supplied by the government
with notes for circulation, under ample bonds to see
that all these are promptly convertible into specie funds
at the will of the holder, not only at the bank, but at the
natural trade centre towards which they flow.
Let the bank place in the keeping of the government
a sufficient amount of property in addition to, and not
as part of its working capital to insure this result, and
all matters of detail will readily adjusl themselves with-
out the constant tinkering which all our banking systems
hitherto have required.
We would, however, as a further security against the
tendency to over issue, and as a matter of equity towards
those who use the notes, require the banker to pay a
reasonable portion of the profit on the circulation into
the public treasury, and thus reach the same result as if
the notes wore to be put forth, as they cannot properly
' be, by the government directly.
The banks are our agents for all such work, and all we
have to do is to see that they cannot afford to fail in the
performance of their obligations.
If they are made to keep their engagements, as they
certainly can, the entire community will be brought to
the same healthy condition, and that is precisely what
we desire. d. w. I

OUR AGENTS.
Mbs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st., N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mbs. 0. Squires, Utica, N. Y.
Mbs. M. A. Newman, Binghamton, N. Y.
Miss Mania S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mbs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, E. I.
Mbs. E. P.. Whipple, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mrs. R. B. Fischer, 923 Washington st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. M. H. Brinkerhoff, Utica. Mo.
Mrs. A. L. Quimby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mbs. E. A. Kingsbuby, Iowa.
Mbs. L. C. Dundone, Baltimore, Md.
Miss Clair R. DEvebe, Newport, Maine.
Mbs. H. M. F. Bbown, Chicago, 111.
Mbs. G. L. Hildebbband, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mbs. Julia A Holmes, Washington, D. C.
Mbs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. J. Mabtin, Atchison, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. Roberts. Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mbs. Laura A. Berby, Nevada.
Mb.J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington Road, Camberwell, Lon-
don, England.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free, jforeign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Rank of England, or American Cash for
American Rills. The Credit Fonder and Credit
MobUier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
9suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, mare Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Rroiherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman*s Rureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION,
NO. XVII.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home*
MR. MCULLOCHS PET BANK SYSTEM.
In the last number of The Revolution,
we published the official statement of the gov-
ernment money placed in the pet National
banks by Mr. McCulloch without interest, show-
ing an average of over $27,000,000, for the years
1866 and 1867. At ten per cent, interest
compounded, money doubles itself in seven
years, three months and five days, and at seven
per cent, per annum in ten years, two months
and twenty-six days. One years interest at
seven per cent, on this sum of $27,000,000,
amounts to $1,890,000 ; and at seven per cent,
interest compounded, the following sums would
be realized:
At tbe end of ten years.........................$ 3,780,7100
twenty years.............................7,560,000
thirty years............................15,120,000
" forty years.............................30,240,000
fifty years..........................'..60,4SO,000
* sixty years...........................120,960,-000
seventy years..........................241,920,000
There is just so much cash capital in the coun-
try and if the National banks gobble it up in this
wholesale fashion, why the people cannot have
it too. The people become poor as the banks
become rich.
Jay Cooke & Co.'s bank, the First National of
Washington, of which H. D. Cooke is Presi-
dent, had an average balance of the public
money free of interest, $1,500,000 for the years
1866 and 1867, the interest on which at seven
per cent, for one year, would be $105,000;
which would produce the following results at
compound interest:
At tbe end often years........................$ 210,000
twenty years.......................... 420,000
** thirty years......................... 840,000
forty years..........................1,680,000
** fifty years.........................3,360,000
** ** sixty years..........................6,720,000
seventy years.......................13,440,000
Enough to make the Jay Cooke family ex-
ceedingly easy in money matters at the expense
of tiie American people.
These averages are much less than the banks
used to enjoy before the Secretary was .com-
pelled to make these matters public. In Be
cember, 1866, Mr. McCulloch placed on deposit
in Jay Cookes First National bank of Washing-
ton, $6,155,801 of public money, and in Novem
ber, $2,806,838 ; and this too in a bank within
a stone throw of the Treasury Department,
which ought to have been the depository of this
money.
The national banks receive annually 6 per
cent, gold interest on government bonds,
against which they issue their own notes for
$300,000,000, making an aggregate of about
$25,000,000 in currency, annual interest realized
by them. They will also receive 3 per cent, on
$50,000,000 of certificates, equal to $1,500,000
per annum, making a total of $26,500,000 from
these two items, which would be saved to the
people it they were replaced by greenbacks.
The profits the banks will realize from one year
of these two items $26,500,000, will be as fol-
lows :
At the end of ten years......................$ 53,000,000
twenty years.........................106,000,000
\ ** thirty years........................212,000,000
forty years..........................424.000,000
fifty years..........................848,Oi 0,000
sixty years..........................1,696,000,100
seventy years. ......................3,392,000,000
A sum more than enough to pay the whole
national debt in sixty-five years, and this too
in one year of this bank plunder. But as the
National banks pocket this, not one year, but
every year, how is it possible for the masses of
the people to be prosperous? These calcula-
tions at 7 per cent, interest in currency; are
much below that which the banks realize, but
they are sufficient to explain the impoverish-
ment cf the masses of the people, which is
going on every year, while a privileged aristo-
cratic class of National bank men are thus ab-
sorbing the profits of labor. What the National
banks thus gain is taken from the earnings of
labor.
Calm reflection on this matter will show that
the enormous profits secured to the National
banks by unjust class legislation at Washing-
ton, are the source of poverty and misery to
the people. If the National banks realize these
enormous profits at the expense of the people,
how is it possible for the nation to be prosper-
ous? The National banks have taken the place
of the Southern slaveholder in appropriating
to themselves the bodily toil of the people
and the fruits thereof. A slave is a person
whose bodily toil and the fruits thereof are the
property of another. The aristocratic class of
National bank men are made by Act of Con-
gress the slaveholders who own the bodily toil
and the fruits thereof of the free laborers of
the United States.


286

PROPOSED CONGRESSIONAL PLUNDER.
Let the people read the following list of
.schemes now before Congress waiting for the
appropriation of government bonds for the
imdernoted sums :
Union Pacific Railway Co., Eastern Division,..$47,COO,000
Northern Pacific Railroad Co.................60,000,000,
Oregon Branch ot Pacific Railroad Co........ .15,000,000
Idaho, Oregon and Puget Sound Railroad Co.,..30,000,000
International Pacific Railroad Line,..........19,000,000
Mississppi Levee, Railway and Steamship Co.,.23,000,000
Improvement of the Illinois River,.............2,000,000
European and New York Steamship Line,..........3,500,000
Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Co..............65,000,000
Louisiana and Mississippi Levee................3,000,000
Port Royal Railway Co.,..........................750,000
Total,.....................................298,250,000
Taxed and oppressed laborers look at what
your representatives propose to add to your
national debt$300,000,000 more for the lobby
and Congress to prey upon!
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
TtjE talk in Wall street is about
mculloch and the treasury department ring
OF GOLD GAMBLERS AND STOCKJOBBERS,
that they make a handsome thing out of the tight money
market and low prices in governments, New York Cen-
tral and other stocks, and that they are going
TO MAKP. ANOTHER GOOD THING
out ol a very easy money market and high prices in gov-
ernments and the stock market. The talk is that
mculloch and his ring
are hastening to make themselves rich in case
OLD BEN WADE GETS IN
and turns McCulloch out, and that McCulloch is taking
care to make hay while the the sun shines. The talk
is, who is going to take McCulloohs place, that Ben Wade
had better get some honest man that understands prac-
ticahbanking and finance like
CALHOUN OP THE FOURTH NATIONAL BANK OF NEW
YORE OR COX OF THE MECHANICS BANE,
that men like these would manage the affairs of the
Tr easury Department with
HONOR TO THE NATION AND THEMSELVES,
and that they are too sharp and too honest to be
USED OB CHEATED BY THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT
BING
of gold gamblers and stockjobbers, that have disgraced
McCulloch and the nation. The talk is that if the Met ul-
loch ring is going to make things pleasant by an easy
money market, where is the money to be made ? Is the
Treasury Department ring going to bull governments,
and hpwmuch?
WHY DID MCULLOCH REFUSE
the offer of the German bankers to buy all the 10-40 bonds
government had on hand at the full market price ? Why
does McCulloch not sell the odd lots oi the different lots
he has on hand and close-them up? The talk is that the
Treasury Department ring will not allow the Secretary to
close np these odd lots because they enable them to sell
short with safety, and when they are in a corner the
SECRETARY KINDLY LETS THEM HAVE
what they want-, so that they can gamble in govern-
ments with loaded dice. The talk is that during the tight
money market last month
JAY COOKES FIRST NATIONAL BANK AT WASHINGTON
AND THE BANK OF COMMERCE IN NEW YORK.
had about $8,000,000 of government money on deposit
with them, and that they shared the plunder between
them, that
TYCOON RUSSELL MADE A GOOD THING
out of the government money by lending it to his friends
who went shares with him in the profits. The talk is
that the
CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY
is Hkely to close out all the balance of its bonds about
$15,000,000 to be issued during the next two years, and
that the
PRICE WILL SOON BE ADVANCED
again another 5 or 10 per cent. That the Vice-President
of the Company,
HUNTINGTON, IS ONE OF THE CLOSEST AND SHARP-
EST RAILROAD MANAGERS
in the country, and that he is bound to make the Central
Pacific Railroad the best equipped, the best managed,
and the
MOST PROFITABLE COMPANY IN THE UNITED STATES,
and that he wants the bonds kept in tins country, and is
not iu favor oi selling them to Europe. The talk is that
the
BONDS OF THE TWO PACIFIC RAILROADS,
the Central and the Union Pacific, are taking the place of
government bonds with a great many investors as they
can be bought for par and pay 6 per cent, gold interest
and are a first hen on the roads. The talk is that
brain and that the refreshing breezes of Vermont will
do him good and wean him from the
TRICKS OF SWEET WILLIAM.
The talk is that the Vanderbilt party will run up New
York Central, Hudson River, Erie, Cleveland and Toledo,
TOLEDO AND WABASH AND FORT WAYNE,
and that the the Chicago and North-Western party will
run up their stock. The talk is that Canton and Quick,
silver will be both run up to a much higher figure, that
PACIFIC MAIL IS A BAD EGG
and must go down, that the inside operators are all
bears in the stock, and say there is no hope lor it and
that they hold it. up only to sell upon, that the
EXPRESS COMPANIES SHARES ARE A BUBBLE
that will burst some day badly. The talk is about the
Mining Board and what has become of De Comeau and
Phil Bruns? Where is
JAY COOKE AND CO. HAVE TURNED BULLS IN GOVERN-
MENT BONDS,
and that everything is going to be lovely and altogether
pleasant for some time to come, all around the two
corners of Wall street and Nassau, and that
ALLEBD1CE, THE GOVERNMENT BOND
broker, has got everything ready to teach
THE CAN-CAN ON THE CORNER,
and that the school will be opened with a grand pas de
deux between the
ARTFUL DODGER AND THE GRAND DUTCH-SS
who have agreed to open AUderdices dancing school
with a grand
BULL MOVEMENT OF THE CAN-CAN
of the most piquant and picturesque description. The
talk is that
ALLDERDICE AND THE GENTLEMANLY PETE
will pironette with a light and festive step which will
form a brilliant and pleasing contrast to the more solid
bull-measured tread of the
GRAND DUTCHSS AND ARTFUL DODGERS CAN-CAN.
The talk is about the Treasury Department in Washing-
ton and
LA BELLE HELENE,
and the question is who played the character of
MENELAUS, KING OF SPARTA,
and cried Help I Rings of Greece, come here I and
found, by sad experience:
It by mistake,
He ventures to return suddenly,
He is the master ;
But it is, perhaps, imprudent and in bad taste ;
For he exposes himself tosad things
To enter at an inconvenient moment I
And thats the way a Treasury man,
Meets with disagreeables!
The tajk is who is the Treasury man, and did he sail
for Cythera? The talk is that a Washington Treasury
man is
NOTHING WITHOUT A LITTLE ABANDON,
and that as a general thing they have a good deal of it
for which they take good care that the public purse shall
pay.
GLORY TO THE GOOSE! LONG LIFE TO MR.
mculloch
and his hand-maiden
PRINTING BUREAU CLARKE!"
The glory and the plide of the great American nation!
The talk is about the returned Erie refugees from their
exile in New Jersey, that affairs dont go smoothly with
* ELDBIDGE AND THE CIRCUS DANCER,
and that crowd ; that Uncle Daniel has taken the starch
out of them by joining hands with Commodore Vander-
bilt. The talk is that the
CIRCUS DANCER HAS LOST MONEY,
and is not amiable since bis return to New York, and
that he has taken to private somersaults that alarm
his friends for the safety of his upper story, that his
friends have held a meeting and decided in council that
the best thing the circus dancer can do this summer is
to rig up a pedlers waggon with four bay horses and
bright German-silver trappings, to take his old route
through the farm-houses of Vermont, that the memory
of his more innocent days may soothe his maddened
GEORGE B. SARGENT WITH UTS EDGEHILL ?
What is going to he done with Sensenderfer and isett
Kerr and Co., and when does the trial come off in th
Court of Common Pleas ?
THE MONEY MARKET
is easy at 6 to 7 per cent., and the weekly bans state-
ment shows expansion and an extraordinary increase in
deposits with other movements which are likely to stimu
late speculation. Discounts are easy at 7 per cent, in the
banks and 7 to 8 per cent. In the street.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
April 25th May 2d Differences.
Loans, $252,314,617 $257,628,672 Inc. $5,314,056
Specie, 14,934,547 16,166,873 Inc. 1,232,326
Circulation, 34,227,624 34,114,843 Dec. 112,781
Deposits, 180,307,489 191,206,135 Inc. 10,898,646
Legal tenders, 53,866,757 57,863,599 Inc. 8,996,842
THE GOLD MARKET
has not varied much during the week, but has remained
steady in the face of the heavy disbursements of gold by
government.
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 25, 138% 139% 138^ 139
Monday, 27, 138% 189% 138% 139
Tuesday, 28, 139 189% 139 ' 139%
Wednesday, 29, 189% 139% 139 139%
Thursday, 30, 139% 139% 139 139%
Friday, 1, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Saturday, 2, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Monday, 4, 139% 139% 139% 139%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is firm on the basis of 110 to 110% for prime bankers 60
days sterling bills and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on
Paris bankers 60 days 5-13% to 5*12% and sight 5-11,% to
5-10.
The Railway S^are Market was active and advanced
throughout the week in all the leading railway shares,
but Pacific Mail was an exception to the general market,
and was dull and heavy. The miscellaneous shares
were more active, CaDton taking the lead. Quicksilver
is strong and the Express Companies shares are dull and
heavy. The general market is strong.
Musgrave & Co. 19 Broad street report the following
quotations:
Canton, 51 to 51% ; Boston W. P. 21 to 21% ; Cumb. Coal
30 to 33 ; Wells, Fargo & Co., 25% to 26; American
Express, 59% to 60Adams Express, 61% to 62;
United States Express, 60% to 61%; Merchants Union
Express, 31 to 31% ; Quicksilver, 28 to 28%; Mari-
posa, 4 to 6; preferred, 10 to 11; Pacific Mail,
92% to 92% ; Atlantic Mail, 32 to 35; W. V. Tel., 37 to
37%; New York Central, 128% to 128% ; Erie, 70 to 70% ;
preferred, 74 to 75 ; Hudson River, 136 to 137 ; Read-
ing, 90 to 90% ; Tol. W. & W., 50% to 51% J preferred
67 to 70; Mil. & St. P., 64 to 65; preferred, 74% to
76% ; Ohio & M.C. 31 to 31% ; Mich. Cent 117%
to 118 ; Mich. South, 83% 10 83% ; m. Central, 145 to
147; Cleveland & Pittsburg, 82 to 82% ; Cleveland &
Toledo, 105% to 106; Rock Island, 94 to 94% ; North
Western, 65% to 65% ;do. 'preferred, 76% to 76% ; Ft.
Wayne, 104% to 104%.
United States securities are active and strong under
the influence of heavy purchases for investment both at
home and abroad. The British and German bankers are
baying the 5-20s of 1862 and the old 1865s. The bonds
of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads are in
active demand.
Fisk & Hatch, 6 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Registered, 1881, 113 to 113% ; Coupon, 1881, 113


r"
to 113%; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 105% to 105%; 5-20
Coupon, 1862, 108 to 108% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 106%
to 106% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1865, 106%to 106% ; 5-20 Cou-
pon, Jan. and July, 1865, 108% to 109; 5-20 Coupon,
1867, 109% to 109% ; 10-40 Registered, 102% to 103 ;
10-40 Coupon, 102% to 103% ; June, 7-30, 107% to
107% ; July, 7-30,107% to 107% ; May Compounds, 1864,
119% ; August Compounds, 118; September Com-
pounds, 117% ; October Compounds, 117.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
.for tbe week were $2,136,368 against $2,255,530 last week,
$2,534,582, Mid $2,237,616 for the preceding weeks.
The imports of merchandise for the week were $5,-
395,815 against $5,556,564, $4,660,458, and $4,522,237
for the preceding weeks. The exports# exclusive of
specie, were $4,170,473, against $4,111,405, $3,013,393,
$4,731,689, and $3,996,447, for the preceding weeks. The
exports of speeie wore $1,431,891, against $l,867j291,
$1,625,499, $831,807, and $1,281,052 for the preceding
weeks.
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
550 MILES COMPLETED.
The Union Pacific Railroad is being pushed
forward this year more rapidly than ever. A
much larger force will be employed upon it dur-
ing 1868 than ever before. Rock-cuttings have
been continued iu the Laramie Mountains dur-
ing the entire winter, and there has been much
less snow there than m the latitude of New
York city. Not less than 8,000 additional la-
borers will be in the field this season, besides
1,000 mechanics, bridge builders, iron workers,
etc. There will also be 2,000 teams, with the
necessary horses and mules for the plows and
scrapers, and not less than 1,500 wagons and
carts. Much of the lumber for bridges, ties,
etc., is already cut, and saw-mills-and shops are
busy in turning out the mechanical appliances
for the great work. Iron sufficient to lay 200
miles of additional track has already been de-
livered on the ground, and there is every pros-
pect that no less than 300 miles more road will
be finished during the present year.
We have just learned that 550 miles west
from Omaha are now completed, and that the
locomotive, followed by its long train of cars,
is actually running over the highest point of the
. Rocky Mountains that will be traversed by the line.
This achievement is something to be proud of*
and gives good promise that eight to nine hun-
dred miles of the eastern end of the line will
be in running order during this year. The
western end, beginning at Sacramento, Cali-
fornia, is being pushed forward with simil
vigor, and 400 miles of it is expected to be fin-
ished this season. The distance from Omaha
to Sacramento is 1,721 miles, and it is now be"
lieved that at least 1,200 miles of the whole line
will be finished before 1869. This will leave
only between 500 and 600 miles to be completed
hereafter, and it would not be surprising if the
grand eelebfration of the completion of the Pa-
cific Railroad would take place a twelvemonth
earlier than the Companies now promise. Gen-
ius, Pluck, and Money will then have accom-
plished one of tbe greatest and most useful
works in the world. It was indispensable to
the political as well as physical welfare of the
country. It will bind the great extremes of the
nation together, stop our Indian wars, develop
our mineral resources, and add greatly to the
wealth and prosperity of the nation. It can
hardly be doubted that thisthe only railroad
between the Atlantic and Pacific Stateswill be
a very profitable as well as a very valuable work.
The great tide of travel between the two oceans
must fiow over it, and the merely local business
which springs up along the line, as it is opened,
and with the adjacent mines, not only pays the
interest on all the bonded debt of the Company,
but a handsome profit besides. The net earn-
ings of the Union Pacific on 386 miles of road
fropa May to January last, are officially reported
at over a million dollars, and Congress already
threatens to interfere to reduce rates and com-
pel the Company to stop making so much profit.
As the government advances about one-third of
the cost of the road, and appoints five of the
directors, it will have an active voice in the
matter whenever it is necessary to exereise it.
The Companys First Mortgage Bonds, bear-
ing six per cent, gold interest, have a ready
sale, and a limited amount are now offered at
f §UV0tttt*0tt. - 287
par. We can see no reason why they are not a
perfectly safe as well as a very profitable se-
curity. Subscriptions are received by various
banks and bankers advertised as agents, who
have a valuable pamphlet for gratuitous dis-
tribution to parties interested, which will fur-
nish full information,
C1LOTHING1 CLOTHING! CLOTHING!
J Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MENS* AND BOYS CLOTH-
ING-. Persons at a distance., can obtain perfect fitting
garments irom us, with certainty and dispatch,, by the
aid of OUR. NEW RULES FOR.SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN- & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y. , ,
pRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OiF EVERT DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-ly New York.
IjlHE EXCITEMENT CONTINUES.
That Dipper * and The. Little WonderThe Dip-
per weighs, without springs or weights, from a half
ounce to two pounds, and measures irom a gill to three
pints. The Little Wonder combines House-funnel,
Apple Corer, Cake Cutter, Pie Crimper, Radish grater,
and Green Com Shellec. Samples of each (4 pieces),
boxed and shipped on receipt of $1.30. Agents wanted.
MARSH & CO., 33 Maiden Lane, New York.
T
HE POLICIES
OF THE
AMERICAN
POPULAR LIFE INSURANCE CO,
419, 421 BROADWAY, N. Y.,
ARE THE
BEST NEW YEAR PRESENTS
FOR A WIFE, FOR A FAMILY,
FOR A DAUGHTER, FOR A SON,
FOR YOURSELF.
For a wife or Family a whole LIFE POLICY is the best
hing possible.
For a Daughter or Son an ENDOWRY POLICY is the
znost desirable, as it is payable at marriage or other speci-
fiedtime.
For ones own' self the best New Year treat is a LIFE
RETURN ENDOWMENT POLICY, which is issued only
by this Company; it gives the person a certain sum -if he
lives to a specified time, or to his heirs if he decease be-
fore,- with the return of the Endowment Premiums with
interest. It therefore truly combines all the advantages
of Insurance and a Savings Bank, which has not before
been done.
JJOME INSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, $100,000.00.
OFFICERS.
D. R. ANTHONY, President,
F. E. HUNT, Vice-President,
A. D. NIEMANN, Secretary.
OFFICE49 MAIN STREET,
Leavenworth, Kansas.
B
ANKING HOUSE
OF
JAY COOKE & CO.,
No. 20 WALL ST., COR. OF NASSAU ST., NEW YORK.
We buy and sell at the most liberal current prices
and keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERNMENT BONDS'OF ALL ISSUES,
SEVEN-THIRTIES,
AND
COMPOUND INTEREST NOTES,
rjlHE CREDIT FONCIER OF AMERICA.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, PRESIDENT.
The omzs along the line oi
THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Omaha already Sixteen Thousand People.
Columbus the next important agricultural city on
the way to Cheyenne.
A Fifty Dollar Lot may prove a Five Thousand Dollar
Investment.
PARIS to PEKIN in Thirty Days. Two Ocean Ferry-
Boats and a Continental Railway. Passengers for China
this way!
The Rocky Mountain excursion parties of statesmen
and capitalists (two thousand miles westward without
break of gauge) pronounce tbe Pacific Railroad a great
fact; the Credit Mobilder (its contractors), a national
reality ; the Credit Fonder (owning cities along the line),
an American institution.
The grandest national work of any age, is the Union
Pacific Railroad. Under its present Napoleonic leader-
ship, in 1810 the road will be finished to San Francisco.
Five hundred and thirty miles are already running west
of Omaha to the base of the mountains, north of Denver.
The Iowa Railroad (Chicago and Northwestern) is now
open to the Missouri River opposite Omaha; where the
temporary bridge that has been constructed joins you
with the Pacific. Here is the time-table :
New York to Chicago (drawing-room car all
the way, without change)...............38 hours.
Chicago to Omaha, without change (Pull-
mans sleeping palaces)....................24 "
Omaha to Cheyenne, or summit of Rocky
Mountains, (Union Pacific Railroad)....28
90 *
Say four days from New York to the Rocky Mountains.
Two thousand two hundred miles without a change of
gauge or car, or the removal of your carpet bag and
shawl from your state-room.
ADVANTAGES.
Fn-sl.It is worth fifty dollars to a young man to be
associated with 6uch a powerful Company.
Second.By buying in Columbus, you purchase the
preference right to fee interested in the next town
mapped out by the Credit Foneier; and, as we dig
through the mountains, that town may be a gold mine.
Third.Owning 5,000 feet of land 1,700 miles off by
rail, extends ones geographical knowledge, and suggests
that Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia do no t
compose the entire American Republic.
When this ocean bottom-this gigantic plateau of the
antediluvian seathis relic of the great inldnd lake of ten
thousand years ago, between Omaha and Columbus, be-
comes peopled, with corn-fields and villages, a lot at
Columbus may be a handy thing to have about the
house.
The object of the Credit Foneier in selling alternate
lots at such a low figure, is to open up the boundless
resources along the line of tbe Union Pacific Railroad to
the young men of the East. Landed proprietsrship
gives a man self-reliance, and may stimulate the em-
employee to become employer. Fifty dollars invested
ten years ago in Chicago or Omaha, produces many
thousand now.
As this allotment of1,500 shares is distributed through
New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington,
Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis, early application
should be made by remitting a oheck to the Companys
office, 2o Nassau street, when you will receive a deed for
the property.
To save the lot-owner the trouble of writing, the Credit
Foneier pays all taxes for two years.
Do not forget that every mile of road built westward,
adds to the value of property in Omaha and Columbus.
Cheyenne, at the foot of the mountains, four hundred
miles west of Columbus, is but six months old, and has
three thousand people. Lots, there selling for three thou-
sand dollars.
Most of the Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad,
and the Directors and Subscribers of the Credit Mobilier,
are the Shareholders of tbe Credit Foneier of America.
Call at the office and examine the papers.
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
GEO. P. BEMI8,
Secretary.
Office of the Company, 2q Nassau Stbeet, New Yobk


288
The Revolution;
THE ORGAN OF THE
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
1. In PoliticsEducated Suffrage, Irrespective of
Sex or Color; Equal Pay to Women for Equal Work;
Eight Honrs Labor; Abolition of Standing Armies and
Party Despotisms. Down with PoliticiansUp with the
People I
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas ;
Soience not Superstition; Personal Purity; Love to Man
as well as God.
3. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements,' which even
Religious Newspapers introduce to every family.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold,
like our Cotton and Com, for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance. American
Products and Labor Free. Foreign Manufactures Pro-
hibited. Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping; or American goods in American bottoms.
New "York the Financial Centre of the World. Wall
Street emancipated from Bank of England, or American
Cash for American Bills. The Credit* Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re*
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote One Hun-
dred and Twenty-five Millions for a Standing Army and
Freedman's Bureau for the Blacks, cannot they spare
Ooe Million for the Whites, to keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland?
Send in your Subscription. The Revolution, pub-
lished weekly, will be the Great Organ of the Age.
Tebms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
($10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ) E
PARKER PILLSBURY, \ S*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
37 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line..............16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Pork Row, New York.
THE REVOLUTION"
. may be had of the American News Company, New
York ; Western Nows Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Louis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.
Ilf fUvoltttiOtt.
550 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT
ARE NOW FINISHED.
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for construction have proved am-
ple, and there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous
prosecution of the enterprise. The Companys FERbT
MORTGAGE BONDS, payable, PRINCIPAL AND IN-.
TEREST, IN GOLD, are now offered at par. They pay
SIX PER CENT., IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANYS OFFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN
J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 69 Wall street, and by
the Companys advertised Agents throughout the United
States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction, and
Value of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offi-
ces or of its advertised Agents, or will be sent free on
application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
April 10, 1868. New York.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use. at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
Let every woman be her own
ADVISER.
The best way she can attain this position is by pos-
sessing a copy of Wellss Every Man His Own Lawyer
and Business Form Book. It is a complete guide in all
matters of law and business for every State in the Union.
No one who has or expects to have any property, rights,
or privileges which require protection, can afford to be
without a copy. The entire leading press of the coun-
try indorse the work. The book is published 12mo,
650 pages, and sent post-paid, full library binding, on
receipt of $250. Address,
B. W. HITCHCOCK,
98 Spring street, New York.
ASTERN SYGEIAN HOME,
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
R. T. TRAIL, M.D., )
ELLEN BEARD HARMAN, M.D.,} Phy8lciana.
This institution is beautifully situated on the Delaware
River, midway between Bordentown and Burlington.
All classes of invalids are treated on strictly Hygienic
principles. In the College Department patients and
guests have the privilege of hearing most of the lectures
of Professors Trail and Harman to the medical class.
City office No. 97 Sixth avenue, New York. Send stamp
for circulars.
Office, 361 West 34th street; r
N. Y. Feb. 11, 1868. )
MRS. C. S. LOZIER, M.D., dean of the
N. Y. Medical College and Hospital.for Women
and Children, desires in this"way to ask assistance from
any of our citizens, men or women, to purchase a desir-
able building and grounds in the upper part of this city,
offered to tbe Board of Trustees for $31,000. They have
about $15,000 of the amount. Any one able to help them
to secure this property either by donation or loan, with-
out interest, will forward a noble cause. Apply or write
to MRS. C. F. WELLS, Secretary of the Board of Trus-
tees, No. 389 Broadway, firm of FOWLER 4s WELLS.
EARLE H. SMITH,
ATTORNEY IN PATENT CAUSES '
AND
SOLICITOR OF U.^S. & FOREIGN PATENTS,
119 & 121 NASSAU STREET,
I NEW YORK.
y^ECTURES AND SPEECHES
OF
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1867. Price
25 cents.
SIX WEEKS IN THE WEST.
Protection to American Industry, verszis British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 125 pages.
1866. Price 25 cents.
FENIAN1SM.
Speech on Irish Independence and English Neu-
trality, delivered before tbe Fenian Congress and
Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18, 1865. Price 25 cents.
Speeches in England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents.
UNION SPEECHES.
Delivered in England during the American War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents.
TRAINS UNION SPEECHES. ,
Second Series. Delivered in England during tbe
American War. Price 25 cents.
SPEECH ON THE DOWNFALL OF ENGLAND.
And a Sermon on the Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17,1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Lie?
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
150 pages. 1860. Price 25 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mail, at
prices named.
For sale at the office of
THE REVOLUTION,
"37 Park Row (Room 17),
New York.
gTARR & MARCUS,
22 JOHN STREET.
AN EXTENSIVE STOCK
of the celebrated
GORHAM PLATED WARE
AT RETAIL.
Warranted superior to the FinestSheffield Plate.


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