Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
* VOL. I.NO. 19.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MAY 14, 1868. single$copiTom
iff tifimliitiiiii.
JEBIZABETH CADY STANTON,! w-n*-.**
PARKER FIXjXjSBURY, J
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
this winter in such a way that no one could tell
what they were or whence they came.
FORM OF PETITION.
We, the undersigned, pray your Honorable
body to so amend the District of Columbia
Suffrage Bill, by striking out the word male,
that all the citizens of the District, male and
the cultivation of individual thought and
character in woman, and would recommend the
formation of such clubs throughout the
country.
The editors of the New York press have
made known their dissatisfaction, that no
gentlemen were to be admitted into this'
charmed circle.
THE REVOLUTION" FOR MAY.
TO ADVERTISERS.
As the anniversaries will bring large num-
bers of strangers to the city, we shall each
week print a very large edition of The Revo-
lution, for gratuitous distribution as well as
for new subscribers. We hope to see many of
our friends at our new and beautiful Office,
37 Park Row, Room No. 20 (instead of 17 as
heretofore).
OUR NEW SANC1UM.
We shall be happy to see our friends during
the Anniversary Week at the office of The
Revolution, where we will welcome all alike ;
those who come to criticise, as well as those
who come to praise the Great Organ of the Wo-
mans National Suffrage Association of America.
We have already received the warmest con-
gratulations from 'friends in the old world and
the new, as to the influence and character of
our journal.
TRACTS.
We have now a complete series of all our
tracts, republished, and will meet the numer-
ous orders we have from the South and West
as rapidly as possible. We have been moving
our office to another room, which has caused
some delay in filling orders as promptly as we
should otherwise have done.
SEND IN YOUR PETITIONS.
As soon as the Impeachment trial is disposed
of The District of.Columbia Bill will come
up for consideration. Now is the time for wo-
men all over the country to send in their pe-
titions, demanding that the word male be
stricken from that bill, that all the citizens of
the district may have a voice in its government.
Let there be a simultaneous movement among
the women of the nation to organize themselves
under the Womans National Suffrage Asso-
ciation and flood Congress with their petitions.
Send them to the Womans National Suffrage
Association at New York, 37 Park Row, for some
republicans have presented all our petitions
female, may have a voice in its government.
Let every earnest woman reading the above,
copy on a sheet of paper, circulate in her
neighborhood, and send it to the democratic
member of the district as speedily as possible.
Let our rulers see that we are determined on
enfranchisement.
St. Louis, May 4, 1868.
Mrs. E. C. StantonDear Friend: Our gen-
tlemen friends urge us to memorialize Congress
on the question of Suffrage in the District.
Well knowing how a single petition is suffoca-
ted, would it not be well for all the states to
unite, and be presented at the same time ?
New York, being the banner state, must head
the move and be spokesman. Our list of names
is waiting the interminable Impeachment to be
handed in (oh, for old Br^Wade in the White
House), but it seems to me Qne state should
not go alone, if all the state organizations were
notified to send in their lists immediately to
whoever you think will be most likely to do
justice to the cause, we could make quite a for-
midable display combined.
Your sincere friend,
Mrs. Francis Minor,
President of the St. Louis Womans Suffrage
Association.
Y S0R0S1S.
This is the name of a new club of literary
women, who meet once a month and lunch at
Delmonicos, to discuss questions of.art, science,
literature and government.
Alice Carey, who is President, in her opening
speech, states the object of the club, which is
summed up m this brief extract:
We have then, to begin at the beginning, proposed
the inculcation of deeper and broader ideas among
women, proposed to teach them to think for them-
selves and get their opinions at first hand, not so
much because it is their right as because it is
their duty. We have also proposed to open out new
avenues of employment to womento make them less
dependent and less burdensometo lift them out of un-
womanly self-distrust and disqualifying diffidence into
womanly self-respect and self-knowledge. To teach
them to make all work honorable, by each doing the
share that falls to her, or that she may work out to her-
self agreeably to her own special aptitade, cheerfully and
faithfully-nut going down to it but bringing it up to her.
We have proposed* to enter our protest against all idle
gossip, against all demoralizing and wicked waste of
time; also, against the lollies and the tyrannies of
fashion, against all external impositions and disabilities ;
in short, against each and everything that opposes the
full development and use of the faculties conlerred upon
us by our Creator.
We most heartily welcome all movements for
After a calm and dispassionate discussion of
this question, it was decided to exclude gentle-
men, not because their society was not most
desirable and would add brilliancy to the club,
but from a' fear lest the natural reverence of
woman for man might embarrass her in begin-
ning to reason and discuss ; lest she should be
awed to silence by their superior presence. It
was not because they love man less but their
own improvement more.
For the comfort of these ostracised ones,
we would suggest a hope for the future. After
these ladies become familiar with parliamen-
tary tactics, and the grave questions that are to
come before them for consideration, it is pro-
posed to admit gentlemen to the galleries, that
they may enjoy the same privileges vouchsafed
to the fair sex in the past, to look down upon
the feast, to listen to the speech* s, and to hear
the pale, thoughtful browi the silken mous-
tache, the flowing locks, the manly gait
and form toasted in prose and verse.
e. c. s.
Proposal to Make the National Debt
$100,000,000,000!Senator Sherman has in-
troduced a bill to fund the whole debt by is-
suing new bonds at five per cent, interest, the
bonds to be redeemed in thirty or forty years.
The debt is $2,600,000,000. Five per cent, ayear
on that is one hundred and thirty millions, and
for thirty years would be $3,900,000,000. Add
the principal to the interest and you have the
enormous sum of sixty-five hundred million dol-
lars, which he proposes to levy on this and the
next generation, as the legacy of the radical
party, for trusting that party with political
power fox seven years. But that is not all. If
paid in gold, as he proposes, it would add
thirty-five per cent, to the vast sum, making
one hundred thousand million dollars, or four
times as much as the debts of all the nations of
Europe.
Princely Poverty.The Prince of Wales
seems likely to come to want, and his friends are
taking early measures to prevent it. A corres-
pondent of the London Times proposes to pass
round the hat. He says the allowance of a
hundred thousand pounds per annum (five
hundred thousand dollars), is really not suffi-
cient, in these expensive days, for a constitu-
tional monarchs eldest son, and expresses the
hope that the representatives of the people
will take up the matter, and provide this very
useful young man with at least enough to live
on.


290

THE WOMAN'S COLLEGE IN ENGLAND.
Was it Macaulay who said that for at least
two hundred years, the Church of England has
never been on the side of any great, humane and
reformatory measure, not even by accident?
Why is it that tne clergy ever are, and appa-
rently ever must be, an aristociacy? not an
aristocracy of wealth, for since the age ofLuther,
the protestant pulpit, per se, has not possessed
it. Nor yet an aristocracy of talent; for surely,
as a body, the protestant clergy never were
eminent for natural or acquired endowment.
For more material gifts, martial valor and
achievement, for instance, they are nothing;
their very calling exempting them from its
perils. In Art, too, they are quite as little dis-
tinguished as in arms. But for some mysteri-
ous reason both the church and pulpit, as well
in protestant as catholic countries, claim and
have accorded to them the prerogative of pro-
nouncing upon every effort of the people to
elevate, or in any way to improve their con-
dition ; and generally to burn into it the red
hot brand of their disapproval and condem-
nation. And true to its historic precedent and
practice, the solemn London Churchman mutters
its dread anathema against the new Womans
College, now under most auspicious growth
near London. But this time the curse of
Balaam comes too late. The College is secured,
and amongst its noblest friends and support-
ers, are eminent churchmen and church women,
also. Here, however, is what blessing the Church-
man, an organ, tongue, mouthpiece of the body-
ecclesiastic, pronounces upon it The N. Y.
Tribune would say the first statement is a lie ;
but The Devolution will let its readers
judge:
The more people hear of this new*4 Womans College
the more they dislike it It is surety one of those cases
in which one may be pardoned for following ones
instinct. Tennysons Princess has achieved its
popularity not so much for the noble lines with which it
concludes as for the expression it gives to the inner
thoughts and feelings of mankind. Women are not
men in petticoats. Inst itutions excellent for the last
are not tolerable for the first. We have no belief in
collegiate education for grown-up young women. It
shocks, not our prejudices, but our judgment. It wil
run its little day, bring its no little scandal, anpl dis-
appear amidst Carlyles immensities and profundities.
We make no apology to the sex for saying so,'tor we are
quite sure of the approval of those for whose approval
we care most.
ALL NOT GOLD THAI SEIZES.
It has been said that Sir Morton Peto, late
member of the Bntish Parliament and the
admired gaest of American millionaires and
millionairelings, was a power in the financial
world not on account of his property but on ac-
oount of his debls. While he was in this country,
he made many who approached him feel as rich
as himself was supposed to be. The Hutchin-
sons used to sing:
** Uncle Sam is rich enough to give us all a farm.
Sir Morton was presumed rich enough to give
us all a fortune, and pay off all our national
debt with the 6mall change he carried in his
trowsers pocket. We little knew how interested
his English creditors were in the deceits he
practiced upon American Mammonism ; and
that he was actually sent here to get up an ex-
citement as to the value of his American invest-
ments, which would react on England, and en-
able his creditors there to negotiate his stocks
and bonds in the London market. That he
was practically a bankrupt when he first came
over to this country, was well known here to at
least a few business men conversant with the
gossip of the London exchange. It was im-
possible, however, for them to get a hearing in
the excited state of the public mind. Sir Mor-
ton was declared everywhere to be worth at
least fourteen millions sterling, or seventy mil-
lion dollars. It turns out that the losses of his
creditorsincluding those who axe creditors by
being stockholders in the great English road he
mismanagedwill amount to about that sum.
Those who presume all these bloated pockets
and purses are redolent with solid wealth are
sublimely mistaken. None should envy them,
or covet their condition. What seems good,
healthy flesh and blood is too often dropsy
and death. Not even the house of Bothsehild
is above the fall and fate of the lately envied
and almost worshipped fcir Morton Peto.
p. p.
ORANGE MARMALADE.
The New York Times under its minor
topics, where it always condescendingly notices
us, recommends to our consideration domes-
tic economy. To show this able journal what
a great influence The Devolution is exerting
on its readers in this direction, wo give the fol-
lowing interesting incident, a fact of real life :
As we were sitting alone in our sanctum, a few
days since, the daughter of a millionaire, rushed
in with her curls flying (her own curls) and all
ablaze with enthusiasm, with a small jar of
orange marmalade, neatly rolled up in a white
paper. There, said she, placing the jar on our
table, I have been reading The Devolution,
and am fully converted to the belief that every
girl as well as every hoy should be able to sup-
port herself. My father is rich to-day, but by
some turn in the wheel of fortune to-morrow,
I may stand pennyless and alone on the earth,
and as I do not wish to be a mere dependent on
some mans bounty who may choose to marry
me, I have decided to do something by which
I can maintain a virtuous independence for
myself. I was a long time cogitating with my-
self what to do. I thought of embroidery, but
I hate a needle, and that dont pay. I thought
of teaching, but I always hated the odor of
a school-house, dog-eared books, spunges,
slates, rulers, cross teachers, and an atmosphere
thick with carbonic acid gas. I cant stand
that, and moreover, that dont pay. Then I
thought I would write for the newspapers, or
publish a book, but it makes my head ache to
think, I hate to copy, and Solomon says there
are too many books in the world already. So I
took a bright cousin into my councils, and after
much consideration, as we walked up and down
Broadway, and dashed about in our carriages
making calls, we decided to go into business
together in the manufacture of orange marma-
lade. Accordingly we invested $20 in oranges,
sugar, and jars. We have made seventy jars,
which we sell at sixty cents a peice, thus you
see we shall double our money. And more-
over, as our marmalade is remarkly fine, I ex-
pect to become quite celebrated, and in time
have the satisfaction of hearing everybody ask
for Miss------marmalade. Now, if the editors
of the Times or any other editors wish to try
Miss-------marmalade, they can leave their
orders at the office of The Devolution. We
have a jar which we use with great economy at
our daily lunch. It is delicious, pure as amber,
delicate, refined in flavor and color just like
Miss-------- herself, We hope the Sorosis
club will order half a dozen jars for their next
entertainment. As soon as Miss-------makes
her fortune, her real name shall be made
known to our numerous readers. In the mean-
time, let every one send in orders to us for the
Womans Bights marmalade. e. c. s.
AN OASIS IN NEW JERSEY.
The cause of woman is not lost in New
Jersey. >Woman has rights there, at least in
some localities, and better yet, dares to exercise
them. The N. Y. World tells the rest of man-
kind that up the Passaic, on the Erie Dailway,
there is an annual village election for Commis-
sioner of Streets and Sidewalks ; though the
place has but one street and a semi-sidewalk ;
but that makes no difference, an flection is
held. And better yet, property owning women
(as all women should be), for some reason, have
the undisputed right of voting at it. Whether
owing to any supposed monopoly of the street
and sidewalk by woman, either in space or time,
we are not informed ; but certain it is that the
male Passaics do allow their women who own
property to vote as well as to walk upon them.
And last week they practically enjoyed and
exercised their right. The World reports that
at the close of the balloting, not a waterfall or
dress had been rumpled, and only two or three
slight skirmishes of any moment took place,
and these had a male origin and might have
been serious but for the presence of woman.
Editorially the World says the Passaic women
have attained at once an immortality, and the
cause of progress is forever safe. True Messrs.
World, aud was safe before, in spite of the flesh
and thebut our article grows too long.
Mobe Women Voting.The Burlington
(Kansas) -Patriot says that for the first time
in the history of St Andrews Church in that
town, women were permitted last week to par?
ticipate in an election. The editor thinks
truly, the-world moves, and adds, think of a
congregation of the staid and conservative old
Church of England allowing women to vote in
church matters! Kansas is yet to surprise
the world in many things. There was more
meaning in those first nine thousand votes cast
there for Womans Suffrage than yet appears.
Learn to Swim.Everybody should learn to
swim. Steamboat disaster would be less terrible
in loss of life, if all could swim. No girl, even,
should be called educated who cannot swim a mile
and dive to at least a dozen feet. Decently in
England, tvso girls aged eight and fourteen,
walking with their governess, and being a little
behind her, the youngest fell into a deep pool.
Her sister immediately jumped in to her rescue,
and pushed her on to a rock, whore she gained
her footing, but in doing so the latter herself
was carried under water out of her depth. She
came to the surface twice, when her ^screams
were heard by the governess, a heroic young
lady of twenty-one years, who immediately ran
to the spot, saw her again sink, and jumping in
head foremost caught hold of her, and suc-
ceeded in holding her head above water for
fifteen minutes, while the younger sister ran
for assistance. Both were under water except
their heads for a quarter of an hour. The
whole party were rescued and saved.
Several valuable articles, in type, are un
avoidably postponed until next week.



CHICAGO CONVENTION.
We never watch the furor and abandon ot
the American people in a hotly contested Presi-
dential election, without thinking of the de-
scription a runaway slave once gave us of a
Southern husking bee. It was the custom when
a planter had a quantity of com to be husked,
to invite the negroes from all the adjoining
plantations to an evenings entertainment.
On arriving, two of the smartest fellows would
be appointed captains, to select their forces by
choosing sides as we used to do in our spell-
ing classes in school. As soon as the two con-
tending armies were complete, they would fall
into line on the opposite sides ot huge piles of
corn, and the work at a given signal would be-
gin at once. The negroes would strain every
nerve to see which side would beat, and in order
to stimulate still farther the natural ambition
for success, the overseers would walk up and
down the lines, warning first one side and then
the other that they were falling behind, and
thus the poor slaves would work until the stent
was done. They would then have some whis-
key punch all round, a little merry making, and
go home poorer than they came. The next
morning, as one said to us, we found our
knuckles and knees all sore and stiff, pants
worn through, our heads acting, our hearts
sad, and what better off were we, poor fellows,
for the struggle or the victory, what mattered it
to us which side lost or won. The overseer had
his reward and Massa had heaps of com which
he grudgingly doled out to us day by day, while
the favored few feasted and fatted on the profits
of our hard toil. We have often thought how
the sleek, fat slaveholder must have laughed in
his sleeve as he played on the negroes passions
to fid his own garners full.
Just so our people are fooled and used by
political tricksters, wire-pullers, smooth-faced
villains, who smile and cant about their love of
country, the peoples will, the nations life.
Thmk how many generous, trusting young men,
mechanics, fanners, day laborers, work to se-
cure the election of some chosen leaders. Argue,
wrangle, bet at the street cornels, stump their
neighborhoods until their throats are sore in
their iithusiasm for. freedom, justice, and
their country. And when the elections are
over and the victorys won, what better off are
they. The crafty few gather up the spoils, hie
them to Washington, distribute the public
lands, cake the lions share, give the people
paper money and take gold themselves, and in
heavy taxes and a thousand other ways, plunder
the faithful ones who gave them place and
name. The party now in power is the most
corrupt and dangerous that has ruled this na-
tion from the foundation of the government,
and although its effort for the last eight years
has been simply to perpetuate itself, yet it has
succeeded in making the American people be-
lieve that the life of the nation depends on its suc-
cess. But would you, says one, have the demo-
crats in power. No! The sooner both these old
parties and all their old political hacks ,are
scattered to the four winds of heaven the bet-
ter, for we shall then have a new party ; the
best men from both will come forth and in-
augurate a higher platform, a purer political
sentiment in the nation. Until we have some-
thing worth struggling for, the less tame,
thought, money, enthusiasm young men spend
on our elections the better.
It is now proposed to nominate Grant at
0 hic&ge* A man to govern this nation in the
most critical period of its history, who cannot
govern his own appetites. We have enough
drunkenness and sensualism in high places al-
ready. It'we would exalt the moral tone of this
nation, let our young men, just coming on the
stage of action, see that vice and weakness dis-
qualifies a man for the highest honors of the
American people. The President of the United
States, the representative of the best govern-
ment among nations, should not be an objet of
distrust and derision at home and abroad, but
the peerless ruler among all the potentates of
earth. e. c. s.
CONGRESSIONAL DIGNITY AND
DECENCY.
Me. Mullins (Tenn.) arose and interrupting Mr.
Woodbridge, shouted, Mr. Speaker.
The SpeakerFor what purpose does the gentleman
rise ?
Mr. Mullins (In a low and earnest tone, which pro-
voked general laughter)-I rise to a point of order. Is
it in order for the gentlemen to slang-whang one
another at pleasure? (Renewed laughter.)
The SpeakerThe Chair would inlorm the gentleman
that slang-whang is not in order. (Excessive laugh-
ter in all parts of the House.)
Mr. MullinsMr. Speaker, another question (cries,
amid uprorious laughter, take down the words. Ha!
ha! ha!)Is it the rule to speak to the subject under1
discussion, or turn loose to brow-beat or lecture at
pleasure ?
The SpeakerGentlemen must confine themselves to
.the rules.
Mr. Mullins again interrupted] Mr. Woodbridge, say-
ing his question ot order was that the gentleman should
address himself to the subject under discussion, but he
had drifted away to another matter.
He said, remarked Mr. Mullins, I could raise the
steam but he was so far North that I could(Laughter.)
The Speaker reminded Mr. Woodbridgo that he must
confine himself to the subject.
Mr. WoodbridgeTo Mr. MullinsWill the gentleman
from Tennessee allow me to publish my last sentence ?
Mr. MullinsNot a bit, not a bit. You will have to
take it all back, according to the terms of the resolution.
(Laughter.)
Mr. Donnelly said that there is in the extract no charge
of crime, nottring affecting the personal character of the
gentleman from Illinois. In the flight of my imagina-
tion I transported the gentleman to that realm to which
we all hope to go. (Laughter.) But not only that; I
gave him a prominent and conspicuous place in that
abode. (Laughter.) I cannot see what there is in tbat
paragraph to offend the taste of the gentleman from
Massachusetts. (Laughter.)
Mr. Dawes called the attention of Mr. Donnelly to what
he said, If he (Mr.-Washburne) lay dead, to-morrow,
in this chamber, what heart in this body would experi-
ence one sincere pang ot sotrow? A point of order
was in order as the power to strike out any portion of a
speech, when the Speaker said the pending resolution
did not propose to strike out anything, but that what was
said on Saturday should not Jt>e incorporated in the Con-
gressional Globethat portion of his speech which read
as follows :
And if there be in our midst one low, sordid, vulgar
soul, or barren, mediocre intelligenceone heart callous
to every kindly sentiment, and every generous impulse
one tongue leprous with slanderone mouth which is
like unto a den of foul beasts, giving forth deadly odors
if there be here one character which, while blotched
and spotted all over, yet raves and rants, and black-
guards like a prostituteit is the gentleman from
Illinois.*
Mr. Donnelly said that was the concluding paragraph of
his Remarks. For this he was called to order by the
Speaker, and he thought properly.
Mr. Eldridge asked whether this was not on all fours
with the eleventh article of impeachment. (Laughter.)
Mr. Wilson (Miss.) inquired if Mr. Donnellv should
strike those paragraphs out of his speech whether Mr.
Dawes would keep them in his remarks.
Mr. Dawes replied, No. ,
Mr. Pike (Me.) then proposed that Messrs. Donnelly
and DaWes haVe a private talk over modifying the speech.
(Laughter.)
Here several points of order were raised, amid con-
fusion.
Mr, Donnelly aald^lf t have shmed in this inateneaj
^ 291
H was because I have suffered. I have the highest re-
spect for this House, and for none greater than for the
distinguished member from Massachusetts (Mr. Dawes),
and although I do not think my flight of imagination
last Saturday, in which I transported the gentleman
from Illinois to the realms of eternal bliss, was a viola-
tion of parliamentary propriety, yet that there may be
no more offence to the taste of the House, I will agree to
suppress in the Congressional Globe even that paragraph
in deference to the respect for the gentleman from
Massachusetts.
Mr. Ross (111.)I rise to a question of order. If the
gentleman from Minnesota has transported my colleague
(Mr. Washbume) to the regions of eternal bliss, 1 object
to his taking him down. (Laughter.)
Several motions were repeatedly made, amid much
confusion, to adjourn.
Mr. Donnelly ironically askedIs it proper for me, in
the present temper of the House, to propose that the
House imitate the illustrious example in the case of the
Secretary of War and General Thomas, and go out and
take a drink. (General laughter. Some saying, agreed.
My whistles dry. I say amen to that. Ha! ha l Good.
Ha! ha!)
Mr. WashbumeI belong to the temperance society.
(Laughter.)
Mr. Ponnelly (in an undertone)So do I.
The Speaker in reply to Mr. Donnelly said that was not
a question to be determined by the chair, although he
was always gratified if gentlemen could settle their diffi-
culties.
On motion of Mr. Van Wyek the House at 5:30 oclock
adjourned.
The above delectable dialogue is part of the
proceedings in the House of Representatives at
Washington one day last week. The occasion
of it was a dispute between two .Western mem-
bers which blazed up at length into almost a
free fight, and in the genuine style and temper
of the lowest pot-house. The command,
thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of
thy people is almost forty centuries old, and
should be repealed, or there should be reforma-
tion in the rulers. A poet Once said of certain
questionable behavior :
To laugh were want of dignity and grace,
* But to be grave, exceeds all power of face.
Surely the action of Congress, or more prop-
erly its behavior, a great deal of it, can only pass
without the severest censure, by being allowed
to pass wholly without observation. Wei*e the
average of the people at large as brusque and
brutal as is Congress, society would not be tol-
erable, if indeed it were not absolutaly impos-
sible. On? cannot tell which is ihe greater
mystery, the biasen shamelessness of the rulers,
or the stolid indifference of the ruled. A great
man once said there might be rights about
which ordinarily he would be indifferent; but,
he added, let one of the least of those rights
be invaded, and I will plant myself on its ex-
tremest verge and contend for it to the death.
There are not many men now who know, or
seem to know, their rights; or knowing, dare
maintain them. Rulers are presumed to sub-
sist partly by plunder, but ours have got grossly
to abusing the privilege. Aud it seems as
though the people love to have it so. For
surely the knaveries and swindlings practiced
in and around the national capitol afford some
pretext for the not more culpable frauds of the
whiskey rings and other great and unrighteous
monopolies elsewhere.
Were the people awake and alive to these
things as they should be, there would be a John
Brown in every city ward and country village ;
and Washington would be another Harpers
Ferry though with a much speedier and happier
catastrophe. It is quite too liberal to say our
population number thirty million souls.
There are only about that number of bodies,
and who would look for souls under such ribs
of death as are many tbat sit in Congress, or
who bow their dromedary knees beneath their


292 '
bidding and their rule? Or what man with
manly feelings can read that whole session of
Congressional proceedings, apart of which stand
at the head of this article, and not blush and
hang his head to think himself a man ?
Last week we gave special attention in The
Revolution to the financial affairs of the
government. under present management. We
showed that the bankers and usurers have so
long controlled the currency and monied in-
terests of the nation, and through these means
the financial and general policy of the govern-
ment, that, like all other despots, they have
come to claim it as a divine right. We also re-
peated the statement of the week before, offi-
cially given, that government money to the ex-
tent of over twenty-seven million dollars was
placed in the National banks without interest in
the years 1866 and 1867, the yearly interest of
which would be, at seven per cent., almost two
million dollars! We farther showed that Jay
Cooke and Co.s bank, the first National of
Washington, had an average balance of the
public money free of interest of $1,500,000 for
the years 1866 and 1867, the interest on which
at 7 per cent, would be for one year, a hundred
and five thousand dollars.
It surely is not the fault of The Revolu-
tion if the people do not understand these
things, for no week passes without public atten-
tion being called to them. The people seem never
to ask, whose are all these millions ? The gen-
eral and very innocent conclusion probably is,
that they are the property of the banks, of Jay
Cooke, or of that imponderable gas-bag, the
government. Few seem to dream that the
money is their own, drawn or filched from their
pockets by class legislation, infamously unjust.
As much so as if the guardian of some rich or
phan children should send his wards to the
poor-house, or to robbing on the high way, or
to become inmates of a brothel, while he specu-
lated in their ample fortune and pocketed prin-
cipal and profits. In the eloquent words of the
N. J. Globe, a Congressional cabal enacts laws
to suit the exigencies of its own plans, and even
moves armies to enforce those laws ; and where
even a show of pretext is wanting they find
means to create a necessity for the imposition
of power above all law. They have corrupted
every official, or have degraded from rank or re
moved from office all whom they could not defile.
They have explored all the sources of public
revenue and turned every golden stream into
their own coffers. They have consigned the
public treasure to cozz suing knaves, and have
shared with them the spoils gathered from a
trusting people.
And what makes all this the more aggravating
is that it has been done and is still done in the
name of not only republicanism but righteous-
ness. (* O, Liberty, Liberty, exclaimed Madame
Roland, under the guillotine, how many mur-
ders have been done in thy name! While
professing intense regard for the welfare and
safety of the still wretched Africans, their mur-
dered corpses putrify unburied in the swamps
and fores fcs of the South. The horrible butchery
of them in the New Orleans riots, almost two
years ago, is yet unavenged. Only last week a
case was trumped up against some of their
number, and two were forthwith roasted to
death [over a lingering fire! Both political
parties sue for the votes of the males wherever
they can be turned to party account ; but the
women still drink the sorrowful sacraments of
cruel proscription, persecution and downright
slavery, Never till last week did even the
Anti-Slavery Standard propose to demand jus-
tice for the black women of the South.
What more, or better, can be reasonably ex-
pected of men who, before earth and heaven,
could unblusliingly enact the scenes only par-
tially described in the heading of this article ?
The republicans have long claimed all the de-
cency, respectability and religion of the nation
as their own. The democratic party was to the
last the faithful and trusted ally of slavery and
the slaveholders. Even Ben Butlers renuncia-
tion of it was as the giving up of the ghost.
Its terrible delirium tremens pursue him still.
No devotion was ever more fervent than that
of the Northern democracy to the unclean di-
vinity, the slave system of the South. It even
weeps in secret places over the disappointments
of secession and rebellion, unto this hour.
And thus the republican party has them at al
most omnipotent advantage, although as a
party, scarcely better. Had the democracy but
one ray of righteousness shining back on its
pathway of forty years, it might be to it to-day
as the celestial vision of Constantine, m hoc
signo vincesand by that sign they should
surely conquer. Had the democrats of New
Hampshire but treated the negro question in
their recent elections, as even their friends in
South Carolina and Georgia propose to treat it,
their triumph would have been secared.
In one word, had the present democratic
organization only faith as one grain of mustard
seed in justice and humanity, the only possible
basis ot a true democracy, it might say to this
mountain of republican rottenness, corruption
and misrule, be thou plucked up and cast into
seas of oblivion, and there would not remain
one stone to mark the place where it stood.
p. p.
WE AT THE PRESS SAYS OF US.
From the Newcastle (Pa.) Champion.
The best, sharpest, keenest, most readable and most
consistent Radical newspaper in the United States of
America, in our opinion, is the New York Revolu-
tion." Almost unexceptionably and most emphatically
we are opposed to the creeds, isms and heresies espoused
and advocated in The Revolution;" yet we like it
like it because it is open, bold and unequivocal in its
advjcacy oi' the Mongrel tenets. It comes outflat-footed
in favor of women and niggers voting, legislating and
standing on a general social, legal and altogether equal-
ity platform. It preaches Fanny Train, Anna Dicknison
and Freddy Douglass. It also has some good ideas : It
labors hard to right the outrageous wrong of compelling
women and girls doing mens work for childrens pay; it
scorches .the Wall street robbers and bond-pirates every-
where in a glorious manner ; it comes down beautifully
on the contract thievesthe Chase-McCulloch National
Bank Swindle the Stanton-Weed War Department
thieves, and all that class of labor-crushing, muscle-
murdering, hell-deserving banditti ; it is opposed to
codfish aristocracy, and has the cardinal virtues of de-
spising and abhorring the devil-gendered ghoul, Greeley,
and the wooden-headed guzzler, Grant. On the first
page of our next issue we shall reprint The Revolu-
tion's" last article concerning Horns," as it is the
most complete expose of the old villain we have yet
seen. As a scourge to Mongrel policy-dodgersas a
weapon against official thievesas a foe of a monied aris-
tocracyas an advocate of fair wages to women for la-
bor performed, and as a live newspaper, we wish The
Revolution success.
Now, Mr. Champion, just read over carefully
what you say, and you will see what injustice
you have done your broad, liberal nature, and
how you stultify your own words when,- after
commending us, as you do, you say that al-
most unexceptionably, and most emphatically
you are opposed to the creeds, isms, and here-
sies espoused and advocated in The Revolu-
tion. After saying this, you go on to state
seven differentpoints in which you fully agree
with us. You say you like us, and call ns a live
newspaper. In your next tell us one right we
advocate that you not believe, and give us a
reason tor the faith that is in you. We believe
that as God makes His sun to shine on the evil
and -the good, so should government dispense
even-handed justice to all its citizens, secure to
them personal and property rights, a home of
their own on this green earth, and a fair days
wages for a fair days work. Webelieve that all
aristocracies, whether of wealth, eduction, sex
or color, are equally opposed to a Christian
civilization. Inasmuch as no just government
can be formed without the consent of the gov-
erned, we cannot see where ignorant white men
get their authority to make laws for women and
negroes who have no voiee in the election of
their rulers.
From the Groton (N. Y.) Journal.
The Revoluiion."It is battling for the rights of
women and ill-paid labor throughout the couniry. It is
a well-printed sheet, and will soon gain a wide circula-
tion.
From the Greenport Watchman.
The Revolution."A spirit of candor and a mani-
fest love, of truth pervades its columns ; and however
much we may dissent from the conclusions arrived at by
the fair reasoners, or however oddly 6ome of the Ideas
presented may jar upon our preconceived notions, it is
safe to say that no just mind can Jail to derive both in-
struction and satisfaction from a thoughtful reading of
the articles contained in each number. It is beautifully
printed on fine paper, and is a model of typographical
'neatness; a bound volume of the year's numbers would
be a handsome and valuable book. We commend The
Revolution to the support of ladies desiring to know
what can be said in defence of their claim inequality of
privileges with man on the worlds great field of
battle," and to all friends of independent thought.
Yes, Mr. Editor, we love the truth and ar6
bound to find it, though in the bottom of a
well. But the simple truth, that God never
made one human being to be ruled and made
the bond slave of another is a law so plainly
written on every human soul, that none but a
fool can gainsay or doubt it. Let the white
male get him to his sphere. A new day is
dawning for women and negroes.
From the Schuyler Co. (N. Y.) Democrat.
The Revolution.Without expressing any views'
respecting thefeasibility or propriety of female suffrage,
we are in favor of bearing all that can be said in its fa-
vor, and we feel warranted in saying that The Revo-
lution is replete with every good thing, The number
before us embraces a variety of topics in every class
of readers. We venture to say that The Revolution "
will intereat the general reader, whether a Womans
Rights advocate or not. In the main, it is fearless and
outspoken.
And what, Mr, Democrat; can you say against
it ? Try to make an argument on the other
side, and you will soon convince yourself that
we hold all the trumps. It is feasible, for
women are voting to-day on some questions the
world over. As to propriety, leave that to
us. M$n who drink whiskey, smoke, and dont
knowhow to impeach a traitor President cannot
be judges of what is right or proper.
From the Malone (N. Y.) Gazette.
The Revolution."We like itits sharp, piquant,
independent style, and the spirit of candor and love of
truth which pervades its columns. We are not yet a con-
vert to its teachings, but we believe in the freest discus-
sion ; and we agree with a cotemporary, that however
much we may dissent from the conclusions arrived at
by the fair reasoners, or however oddly some of the ideas
presented may jar upon our pre-conceived notions, it is
safe to saythat ho just mind*can fail to derive both in*
struction and satisfaction from a thoughtful reading of
its articles. We commend The Revolution to the
support of ladies desiring to know what can be said in
defence of their claim to equality of privileges with man
on the worlds great field of battle,' and to all friends
of independent thought,"


Ifot fUtftflutitnx*
293
Let every man think and speak for himself.
The Greenport Watchman and the Gazette seem
to be of the same opinion. Now this is rather
a lazy way, Mr. Editor, of telling us what you
think. Try again, and give us something ori-
ginal, spicy, sharp, piquant. We cannot con-
vert you to the truth unless you tell us just in
what points your, faith is weak. We hope the
ladies of Malone will not wait for Greenport to
move, but lead off in forming suffrage leagues,
and subscribe for The Revolution.
From the Gloucester (Mass.) Advertsier.
The Revolution.This organ of the Womens
Rights movement is a handsomely printed weekly of six-
teen pages, edited and ably conducted by Elizabeth Cady
Stanton and Parker Pillsbury.
From the Saratoga (N. Y.) Sentinel.
The Revolution is a keen-edged troka, cutting,
slashing and tapping both political parties, being no re-
specter of persons. We like its independence. It is
an advocate of Womans Rights ; so are we, in so far that
we dehire to see the dear creatrues satisfied In eveay-re-
spect. We shall use our scissors on The Revolution,
that our readers may see the temper ^and tone of this
lively paper.
Nothing short of a right'to roam through the
whole universe of mind and matter will satisfy
us. We ask the same right man has *to go
wherever we please, and do what we please,
with the exception of three things. We do not
wish to drink, smoke or make a voyage round
the North Pole.
From the True Republican, Richmond, Ind., J. H. Julian,
Editor.
The Revolution.It has already achieved consid-
erable success, and is likely to wield a marked influence.
It differs from previous journals of its class. It pro-
tests against and opposes extending the right of suffrage
to the negroes, so long as it is denied to educated women.
It also urges the popular idea here at the West of paying
off the National debt in greenbacks. It has also engaged
the services of that mountebank, Geo. Francis Train, as
a sort of travelling side show. Altogether it is creat-
ing a sensation. We need not say that it is ably edited.
It has also able correspondents. It is in the same form
of the Nation,! well printed.
Yes, until. the feminine element is there to
outweigh it, we say, bold, enough. We have
too much of the male element, which is vio-
1 ence and war, everywhere already ; and un-
less woman asserts herself speedily, our nation
will share tlie fate of all the republics of old.
As to greenbacks, if they are good enough for
the butcher aud the baker, they are good enough
for the English bond-holder. It is certainly the
interest of the laboring classes to have this debt
paid off as speedily as possible. As to Mr.
Train, unfortunately for us, the show is neither
tiavelling nor on the right side of the
water, but under the paw of the British lion in
durance vile. As the Nation costs-------dollars
a year, and is neither cut or stitched, and
seems to have no decided opinions, we claim a
form and comeliness it can hardly boast.
From the Crawford Journal, Meadville, Pa.
The Revolution.This elegantly printed and
keenly edited radical emanation we commend to the con-
sideration of practical reformers as embodying more
than one idea.
As there has been frequent mention of the
fine style in which our paper is printed, it is
due to our numerous readers, some of whom
may have printing to do, to tell them that
The Revolution is printed by Robert J.
Johnston, 33 Beekman street, New York. He
is one of the noblest and best of men, and be-
lieves in Womans Suffrage.
From the Charlestown (Mass.) Advertiser.
The Revolution.It is a strong advocate of female
suffrage, and although we are not ready to endorse its
object, we do not hesitate to say that it is editedwith
vigor and ability, and is a spicy little sheet,
Not ready yet to accept the idea of the age.
If you dont keep up with the times you will
find yourself alone in the barren deserts of
Conservatism, watching over the mortal re-
mains of the Rev. Mr. Todd, who tried a tilt
with Gail Hamilton and perished.
From the Patriot, Woonsocket, R. I.
The Revolution is the cognomen of a weekly
journal devoted to Woman- Suffrage and the rights of the
better half of creation in general. It publishes a letter
from Senator Wade (our expectant President) in favor of
appointing women as diplomatists to foreign courts.
Their aptness at diplomacy in domestic court-ing is gene-
rally admitted. We welcome The Revolution to
our table, and shall reverently listen to its teachings.
It is really touching to see how reverently
the lords of creation are falling into line. One
thing is certain, when women have other outlets
for their forces they will not spend so much time
in domestic intrigues and courtships, but be
real helpers for men in the stern duties and
hardships of life, not dragging them down, as
now, to bankruptcy and death by their extrava-
and sensualism, but by their wisdom and com-
mon sense helping to plant their feet securely
on the rock of moral principle. We trust we
may not be disappointed in seeing Wade Presi-
dent. It will be a great day for us when we
have a sober, honest man in the White House.
From the Western Dansville (N. Y.) Advertiser.
The Revolution.We welcome itio our exchange-
table as the earnest exponent of principles honestly held
and ably though sometimes disably maintained. As we
become acquainted with its spirit and matter, we shall
more fully acquaint our readers therewith.
Use your scissors on The Revolution,
and let your readers judge of our merits for
themselves. The people do not always see
through editors spectacles.
From the Constitutional Union, Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the amiable and accom-
plished editrix of The Revolution, spent about ten
days here last month, being the guest of Commissary
General Eaton. The lady had interviews with President
Johnson, General Grant, Secretary McCulloch, Senator
Wade, Speaker Colfax, Hon. G. W. Julian, Hon. Alex-
ander Delmar, Prof. Wilcox, and others of all parties.
She visited Washington on business connected with her
spicy sheet; and as a sister journalist we cordially wish
her all success in her enterprise. Our only regret is
that we do not as often as we would wish, find The
Revolution newspaper upon our sanctum table. We
are gratified, however, to hear its success is a fixed fact.
Pluck, like Blood, is sure to tell, and in this in-
stance wins.
Rest assured, Mr. Florence, it will give us
great pleasure to aisit your sanctum regularly
and there learn what is going on behind the
scenes in Washington. While this impeach-
ment farce is being played out, we wish, with
your vigorous pen, you would help us to make
the people feel their responsibility in chosing
for Mr. Johnsons successor a man worthy to
rule over the first nation on the globe.
From the Fredonia Advertiser.
The Revolution.Its articles are ably written
and argumentatively supported, especially those on the
inconsistency of the republican party in supporting
Grant for the Presidency, and for the conversion.of U.
S. Bonds into greenbacksthepeoples money, as witness
the article elsewhere, What is a Slave? taken from
The Revolution.
Whoever would save his life shall lose it. The
republicans renominated Mr. Lincoln, and Andy
Johnson, to strengthen their party. Did they
doit? They sfand demoralized to-day. Grants
election will finish the work.
From the Memphis (Tenn.) Agrarian.
The Revolution.We have read it carefully, and
unhesitatingly pronounce it one of the ablest of our ex-
changes. Any effort that tends to enlarge the sphere of
woman and develop her mental and physical capacity
is certainly a praiseworthy movement. We hope that
4 Th Revolution will go on until the old theory h t
she is 4 fit for nothing but to circulate scandal at the tc
table, is exploded, and the 44 lords of creation, whj
now delight to circumscribe her and point out her ittle
defects, will be compelled to admit the power of her ex
ample, the brilliancy of her genius and the benign in-
fluence of her voice in the political affairs of our State
and Nation, and our commercial relations with the out-
side world. We extend to The Revolution the
right hand of fellowship and bid it God speed.
This from Andrews native state shows that
he will probably be nnder better influences at
home than he has been in that moral males-
troom at Washington. Our notices from the
Southern press have been generally hearty and
without a criticism or complaint. The papers
and praises pour in thick and fast from every
state in the Union ; and we find it impossible
to publish all our notices. Next week we shall
adopt the plan of publishing one from each
state, that the women of the nation may see
the cordial reception their first political organ
has everywhere received. Our only enemies
are a few crabbed abolitionists and narrow re-
publicans, who bid us stand aside for this is
* the black mans hour. It might be pertinent
to say what of the black woman. Did mans
sufferings and degradation in slavery ever com-
pare with hers ?
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
Paeis, April 23d, 1868. )
103 Rue Neuve de Mathuring.)
Dear Madame : I have the pleasure to send you a
copy of the Illustrations, where I gave your portrait and
a few lines on your Association. I hope to see you again
in June. I will leave Brest with the steamer of the 23d
of May, and arrive in New 'York in the beginning of
June, when I will have the pleasure to give you a copy
of my voyage in Colorado and Dakota, illustrated, and a
letter of the Moniteur, where I will give all the necessary
information on the 44 Equal Rights Association.
Unfortunately the Illustration found my article too
ong, and I was obliged to give it only a few lines. Then
I reserved the entire article for the Moniteur, where I
am now giving a relation of my travels in America. I
suppose you have sufficient time for answering me, be-
fore my departure from France. I will be very glad to
receive good news from you and from Miss Susan B.
Anthony.
Waiting for the moment when I will have the advan-
tage to see you again, I remain, dear Madame,
Yours most respectfully, S. Simonin.
We met Mr. Simonin in Omaha in com-
pany with another gentleman who had been
making scientific researches in this country.
They attended our meetings in Omaha and be-
came much interested in our question. We
gave them a full history of the whole Wo-
mans Rights movement in this country, and
all the published documents and speeches we
had on hand. As they were correspondents
for French journals, they promised us to write
all they could get published on this question,
and they have well fulfilled their pledge. We
travelled with these gentlemen several hundred
miles, and found great pleasure in their con-
versation.
New Yobk, May 2d, 1868.
Editors of Che Revolution :
Mothers are remiss in bringing np children, and want
female legislation, governmental, over them to compel
them to it I
Large, gross men may be governed by women, because
it is a long time to the point of resistance.
I think you are sensible in not demanding the name of
correspondents, as Mr. Greeley and some of the other
editors do. Thoughts (if valuable) should have ad-
mission anywhere without any name attached to them.
Doctress, I would recommend for the name of female
doctors. It is the prettiest.
I hear the women are refusing husbands beeause they
must promise to obey them. It 1b a pity a woman
should lose a husband for that. It is known it is only a
form. A promise to steal would not be obligatory upon
a person to mind it.


294
r Wlit f
I fWiBiMM
I hope you will go against tight lacing. It is the
avoirdupois of a woman we loot at. It kills a wo-
mans chances for a husband if she is nlim-waisted.
The great excess of females, and consequently their
colibacy, is caused by war. Therefore war is to be op-
posed.
A writer in the Public Spirit magazine for May,
says that in consequence of Woman's Suffrage there will
be more enforced celibacy of the women, from a
greater reluctance to enter the marriage state, or becanse
it will lead to disagreements between the sexes.
He says they have shown no aptitude for public af-
fairs. He says, I charge them with being culpably
and disgracefully remiss in not assuming the guardian-
ship of our children in the public schools. He says
they should look alter our hospitals and other public in-
stitutions ; and tbat They can and should represent
the moral force of the community, incessantly acting
upon the public servants to make (hem do right.
Can they do better if they vote ?
It seems to be an objection to woman's voting that if
they make the laws, they must execute them.
It is S9id there is a decline of courtesy to the women
since their efforts to vote. If the women have respect,
they can afford to lose courtesy.
However, let no gentleman refuse the ladies the liberty
to voie, says Pertinent.
P. 8. Our Women are mere shadows of substance.
Hence we want women to vote, to remove the cause of
their physical deterioration. p.
Pertinents remarks are all to the point. That
article in the Public Spirit shall be answered by
us in due time, we should have done it before
but we have been transporting our household
gods to a new home across the Hudson river.
We shall take heed to all Pertinents suggestions,
even at the risk of seeming very impertinent to
the mass of the human family who do not want
to be disturbed in their old habits and opin-
ions. Most people are too lazy to think, tor
change you know involves thought.
Calhoun, N. C., April 17, 18G8.
Susan B. Anthony :
I received two copies of The Revolution, and I
consider it the most interesting paper now published,
and will lend it all the aid in my power, as I am a
thorough Woman's Rights man. Also I must say to you
our country is in a depressed condition at this time, as
we are undergoing a change for reconstruction which
leaves us entirely without a currency. If the money
were here I could act for you successfully. I will do all I
can for your paper, and also advocate 'Woman's Rights.
I am very respectfully yours, ***
Pendleton, S. C., April 24.1868.
To the Editors of the Revolution :
Please send me one copy of your paper, and on re-
ceipt I will send your subscription price. It is the only
paper I ever read that I wish to take. I never took a
paper before. I think I can get you somo subscribers
here. Direct to Pendleton. ***
Take note of the two letters above from North
and South Carolina. We do believe the one
harmonizing element between North and South
is to be found in Woman. Say what you will
about the rights of the conqueror and the du-
ties of the conquered, the safe and short way
to reconstruction, is for the North to lead in
establishing a genuine republic in all her own
borders. We cannot force on fcbe South a higher
civilization than we have ourselves. Give every
man and woman from Maine to Louisiana a
voice in the government, and the stumbling1
block in the way of the nations peace and pros-
perity is removed forever.
San Francisco, April 13,1868.
Miss Anthony : I feel encouraged this morning. I find
iliat if I can place a number of The Revolution
over night or Sunday in the hands of any one at all
favorable to progression, I get their subscription. But
the papers are scarce here at present, only five numbers
have come to hand, and none are for sale at any price.
Had I a sample binder I could probably get an order for
one for each of the subscribers. I hope it is a neat sub-
stantial article, with the title of your paper printed on
the outside in large type. When any papers are due
me as premiums please forward to my faddxess with
back numbers sure, and I mean to place them on the
centre tables of the ladies parlors in our hotels, with a
binder at my own cost, unless the proprietors will
defray it, also in the sitting-room of The Womans
Co-operative Union Store, and the Young Mens Chris-
tian Association, though I fear they would not assent
to it, after reading the papers.
The Conservative orthodox element is most cordially
opposed to progress. lours, f.
This noble man sends subscribers with every
mail. We are sending beautiful binders to
many of our subscribers, that they may pre-
serve complete copies oi The Revolution
together. We find the most orthodox clergy all
over the country are now in favor of Womans
Suffrage. Take George B. Cheever, for example,
in his farewell sermon at the church of the
Puritans*, he came out boldly for the broad idea
of suffrage to every citizen, male and female, in
the reconstruction.
Boston, April, 1868.
Dear Mrs. Stanton: I get The Revolution
regularly and like it very much, I think it is a good
paper. I think it is a very good paper ; and if it is, I
know it will bear criticising, so I propose to say a few
words to that effect, which were prompted to my mind
some time since. It is just this and nothing more.
Don't pitch in to the Standard so fiercely. The
woman's movement has no better friend than Wendell
Phillips. Bat is the negro so far removed from the
power of tyranny as to be able to part with his last fast
friend? I think not. Mr. Phillips is a clear-headed
man, and for statesmanship the country cannot show
his equal. Why, he can see farther ahead with his eyes
shut than some of our Congressmen could with Rosss
teiescopel So say those who know him best, and the
fulfilment of his predictions for the past thirty years go
far to prove the truth of the assertion. Why cannot
reformers labor together side by side, each in their own
specialty, knowing that each is helping the other. As I
see the human race, we are all one vast chain-gang, and
no person or clan can advance one step without moving
the whole body. Consequently every successful effort
to elevate mankind must elevate womankind. I am a
woman, and need my rights as much as any woman,
but I am not a chattel sldfre, and I would not ask a friend
of the slave to give me one hour of time that can be
advantageously used in ridding the country of the re-
mains of that curse. I sometimes think it rather cheeky
to ask a man to advocate our cause. I canvassed a town
of three thousand inhabitants not long since to get
signers to a petition for female suffrage. But five mar-
ried women in the town would sign it Some were afraid
of offending their husbands, and others were treated so
well by their husbands that they were ashamed to ask
lor privileges I I made up my mind, then, that there was
one thing certain in this life beside death, and that was,
that neither God or the Courts will ever answer prayers
until the prayers are presented personally. Thanks to
the nohle men who volunteer to aid us ; but I have no
hope of seeing women as a class elevated to her true posi-
tion except so far and so fast as she steps forward and
demands what belongs to her. Women must labor
among women. Female lecturers who are counted by
hundreds in this country must take np the subject and
hold it up until all women are blessed w|fch an open
vision. It is a question of time only. It is to be. God
has decreed it and the angels are superintending the
work. So speed The Revolution. Don't fail to
have the Anti-Slavery Standard and the Banner of Light
among your exchanges. They are our true allies.
Subscriber.
However clear-sighted Wendell Phillips may
have been in the past, his glass is smoky to-
day. If he were a true statesman he would see
from the universal movement on this question
of Woman Suffrage in France, England, and
America, that the party cry of manhood suf-
frage is too narrow for the hour. Abolition-
ists who have discussed all subjects for thirty
years on the broad basis of individual rights
have no business to turn politicians in a crisis
like this, when the nation is ^discussing the
basis of a new government, and make their
specialty no more and no less than that of the
republican party. When they throw overboard
half their clients and talk manhood suffrage,
it is the duty of every true woman to point at
them the slow unwavering finger of scorn.
. Though the writer of the above letter may
Pmm
not be a chattel slave, two millions of women at
the South, of all shades of color, are struggling
out of that condition, and multitudes of our
sex everywhere, through ignorance, poverty and
vice, are mitre degraded to-day than any man
could be in slavery^ We have seen too much of
the tyranny of the Saxon man, to consent that
the African shall be exalted above the head of
the woman by his side. If it be true that
women do not demand the ballot, it is the
strongest argument to prove their degradation,
and the necessity of appealing to man, whose
ridicule they fear, to help us rouse them from
their apathy and indifferenee.
No oppressed class ever yet emancipated
itself. We did not wait for the negro to plead
his own cause. The mass of the freedmen do
not appreciate the ballot, yet republicans and
abolitionists keep up the cry oi negro suf-
frage, why not Womans Suffrage? Why
should women be expected to do more for them-
selves than stalwart Africans have done ?
As to pur behaviour towards the Standard,
how oft would we have sat down with it in
sweet council together, but it would not. It
is sour, silent and sullen.' It had no word of
welcome to say to us at our birth. We invited
it to* exchange visits, we send our card to its
sanctum, we go in person every week to cheer
the editor with our columns, our wit and wis-
dom, but with lofty complacency he puts his
hand behind him, and with scorn bids us stand
from between him and the light.. So afraid is
he of radical ideas that he will not come within
our walls. He will not exchange! With the
Banner of Light we are cultivating friendly re-
lations.
WOMAN TEACHER ON LONG ISLAND.
Editors of the Revolution :
On page 236 of The Revolution, No. 15, there is
a paragraph amusingly reflecting on Dong Islanders,
whose salubrious borne seems to be considered the place
par excellence of gaucheries and ignorance, as New Jersey
is of rivalry and disaffection.
With regard to the schools of Long Island, give
me leave to give my own experience of the District
School, conducted by Miss M. M. Hopkins, for about $8
a week (without board). For the last few months my
son, a restless and self-willed boy of eleven years, has
been under her charge, and during that time has been
better controlled and has made more progress than from
all previous instruction, comprising the efforts of expen-
sive male teachers of Europe.
Long Island is too much neglected and sneered at for
apparently more advantageous settlements, but we came
thither for health and quiet, and these, together with
good and amiable society,,we have found, even more than
we expected.
The infamous management of the Long Island Rail-
road, under the notorious Oliver Charlick, may have
much to do with its accredited repulsiveness.
I am very respectfully yours, B. Wood. ,
While all Mr. Wood says may be true, what
we published may be true also. Of course,
Miss Hopkins neither smokes in school, wrestles
in the streets or spells bird byrd. Our ar-
ticle refers to some of the white male
teachers who, believing that the earth is
theirs and the fulness thereof, are quite as
likely to smoke in school as in their own parlors
at home, to knock a fellow-man down in the
street as a small boy in school or at the hearth-
stone, to throw woman and negroes outside the
pal^, of political consideration, and after all
these evil deeds write their names white
male in the constitution.
WHO WILL THEN TAKE CARE OF THE BABIES.
, New Bremen, Mo.
Mrs. E. C. Stanton : I have been a reader of your
paper since the first number. Living remote from cities,
it has not been my good fortune to hear any of the popu-
lar lecturers on Woman's Rights ; while the papers


295

of our State when they speak of such questions, usually
do so but to sneer. Thinking it best to hear both sides
of all questions, I subscribed for ** The Revolution "
so soon as I knew of its publication. I find much in it
to admire; its earnestness, its plain manner of. de-
nouncing wrong and oppression in high places and
among high officials is worthy of all commendation. I
have distributed several numbers of the paper among my
more intelligent lady friends. Their comments on the
paper and the cause which it advocates are various ; al-
though they all find much in it to commend. My most
intelligent lady friend, after reading one of j your articles
urging the right of woman, not only to vote, bat to hold
any office of honor or trust, suddenly inquired, Who,
then, will take care of the babies when that good time
comes?" Not being able to give my friend a satis
factory answer, as one of your subscribers, I ask you to
insert this, and also to answer my friend's question in
The Revolution.' ' j. g. m.
We have taken care of seven babies ; yet have
worked in the cause of women twenty years or
more. We have addressed our Legislature
many times, spoken on education, temperance,
slavery, and written many articles for the press.
When we went to Albany to address the Legis-
lature we took our nurse and babies to the De-
lavan House, left them safe there in a room, went
to the Capitol, found it filled with ladies, and
made our speech. It takes no longer to speak
than listen. When we finished, we shook bands
allround, and went home to our babies, and the
rest of the women to theirs. If we were a mem-
ber of the Legislature we could spend the few
hours every day at the Capitol which other wo-
men spend in fashionable calls, shopping, gossip-
ing, dining, dressing, and idling. Many women
leave their families and go to Europe, spend win-
ters in Washington, summers at Newport and
Saratoga. Many fashionable mothers have told
me they seldom see their children twice a day,
and now the question is, under the old regime,
What has become of the babies ? Through
the ignorance, folly and selfishness of women
they have been and still are murdered by the
score. Not one woman in a hundred knows
how to take care of a baby. It is because we
love babies that we long to see healthy, happy,
common sense mothers, and true fathers who
neither smoke, drink, nor swear nor gamble, sit
down together and make laws for the govern-
ment of their children both in the family and
the nation.
FROM TEE BRITISH BASTILE
LETTER PROM MR. TRAIN.
THE MORTALITY OF NATIONS,-AMERICA THE WASHING-
TON OF NATIONS.
Four Courts Mabshaxsea, \
April 25, 1867. J
Dear Revolution: Why dont you
write? Why send all your letters to the
World? Dont be jealous, my darling Re-
volution. The World, you know, has a hun-
dred compositors to your one. You must
creep before you walk. But in future, I will
oblige you to cry, hold, enough.
Let us talk about America. America is the
Washington of nations. Let me quote P. P. to
point a moral. Our country is that of Plato,
not Franklin.
Among nations, have arisen Franklins and Washing-
tons, Humboldts and Howards ; and these have had
their archetypes in .the saints and sages, the philoso-
phers and philanthropists of ancient times. But what
individual nation of any period, has been the Plato or
Pythagoras, the Howard or the Humboldt, the Franklin
or Washington of all the rest? or has achieved propor
tionally so long a life? or expired at last in sunsets of
serenity and glory, and been embalmed and enshrined in
thetearB and gratitude of mankind? It is often said
that file life of a nation is as the life of an individual;
with beginning, progress, decay and dissolution. But
the resemblance holds only in part. Consciousness
comes to an individual, and self-respect: and from that
hour growth and greatness (it may be) begin.
But with nations it is not so. Consciousness and self-
respect seem not to pertain to mind in masses, more than
to matter. Both may become avalanches, sweeping all be.
fore them. The world has not made the same demand of
nations as of individuals and so nothing is expected of
them. Nations, hitherto, are badly brought up ; have had
indeed no bringing up. As yet they can be called but the
primeval forests of civilization. In the light of a thou-
years hence, the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
will be darker ages'" than the eighth and ninth are
to day.Parker Pillsbury's Mortality of Nations.
Ye gods! wbat a people! what a country!
what magnificent destiny! Hark! dont you
hear the bugle sound? List! it is the whistle
of the Chassepofc, the needle Gun of France.
Keep still, America; but vote greenbacks.
Keep quiet, my country, but stir up the people.
The Revolution has just begun.
EUROPE ABOUT READY TO MARCH.
Russia and Prussia against Austria, France
and England. Next week I shall talk about it
in the World. Says the St. Petersburg official
organ :
The unification of Germany is a mere question of
time, and will be completed, if not now, on some future
occasion. Bismark can afford to regard the date of this
inevitable event as a matter of comparative indifference.
It would certainly not be much retarded were France to
weaken herself by bloodshed in the East but is it so very
certain that France will oppose German unity ? Is it
certain that France objects to the aggrandizement of
Prussia if she is offered an indemnity? Prussia and
Italy have been elevated into considerable Powers,
nothing is more natural than that France should demand
a corresponding increase ol land and men. We may de-
pend upon it that Napcleofi will be rewardednot, in-,
deed, with the left bank," but with Belgium, Pied-
mont, and a portion of Switzerland. Such will be the
consequences of Prussian neutrality.
In this changing of. property England will
lose Ireland, and America will spring ahead to
her divine destiny. As America, goes up Eng-
land will go down. The Greek-fire at Bucking-
ham Palace will be seen burning under all the
royal banquet halls. Read the judgment of the
prophet Daniel on Babylon.
GREAT BRITAIN STRUGGLING UNDER INSOLVENCY.
Her plate is all mortgaged. The bailiffs are
in the house. Judgment on judgment has been
accorded. All England is in a Four Courts
Marshaisea.
And we are told, what is doubtless true, that the enor-
mous debt of Great Britain is the chain that binds its
.many parts togetner, and preserves its nationality. No
nation, then, ever maintained a more precarious exist-
ence. Chartism in Scotland, Repeal in Ireland, Trades
Strikes everywhere, East India Wars, Irish Famines,
Fenianism, Reform Leagues, Reform Riots, Bread Riots
all these attest how volcanic is its under stratum, and
what dangers impend above.
In some of the gloomy gorges of the Alps, there are
seasons of tne year when no traveller passes but at the
expense of life, on account of the terrible thunderbolts
of snow that hang suspended on the sides or summits
ol the mountains. None can know their hour; but de-
scend they must, by all the laws of gravitation, with resist-
less energy, sweeping all betore them. At such times, all
who pass creep along with trembling caution. They
move in single file, at distance from each other, hurry-
ing fast as possible, with velvet step, avoiding all noise,
even whispersthe guides meanwhile muffling the bells
of the mules, lest the slightest vibration communicated
to the air should untie the tremulous mass overhead and
entomb them forever.
Great Britain, with her frightful debt, her terrible
taxation, her dissatisfied, restless, beggared myriads of
the lower working classes, her remorseless aristocracy,
her bloated spirit of caBte, her enforced but heartless
religion, has hung a more terrible avalanche over her
head than ever leaped down the heights of the Tyrol.
England, with real estate almost immeasurable
with personal property incalculable, with a wealth of
material resources of every conceivable description,
absolutely unknown and unknowable, yet contrives
to suppc her oc'Jy establishment by a system of
oppressive taxation almost unparalleled in the annals of
the human race.Mortality of Nations.
The Chancellor .of the Exchequer adds two
pence in the poundnow six pence on the in-
come tax, in order to massacre the Africans in
Africa whose calamity she has so long mourned
over in America.
# A distinguished member of the Smith family
fays, as quoted in Mortality of Nations.
We have taxes upon everything which enters into the
mouth, or covers the back, or is placed under the feet;
taxes upon everything which it is pleasant to see, hear,
feel, smell or taste ; taxes upon warmth, light and loco
motion; taxes on everything on earth, and in the waters
under the earth ; taxes on everything that comes from
abroad, or is grown at home ; taxes on the raw material,
taxes on every fresh value added to it by the industry
of man ; taxes on the sauces which pamper man's appe-
tite, and the drugs that restore him to health ; taxes on
the ermine which decorates the judge, and on the rope
which hangs file criminal; on the poor man's salt and
the rich man's spice ; on the ribbons of the bride, on
the shroud of the corpse and the br?ss nails of the
coffin. The school-boy whips his taxed top; the
beardless youth rides his taxed horse, with a taxed sad-
dle and bridle, on a taxed road ; and the dying English-
man. pouring his medicine, which has paid seven per
cent., into a spoon that has paid fifteen per cent.,
flings himself back upon his chintz-bed, which has paid
twenty-two per cent., and expires in the arms of an
apothecary who has paid a license of a hundred pounds
for the privilege of putting him to death. His whole
property is then immediately taxed from two to ten per
cent. Besides the probate, large fees are demanded for
burying him in the chancel. His virtues are then banded
down to posterity on taxed marble, and he is gathered
to his fathers to be taxed no more 1
All this and more!
Sincerely yours,
Geo. Francis Train.
ANOTHER LETTER FROM THE GRAND-
SON OF GERRIT SMITH.
Brussels, April 6,1868.
- The Strike" at Charlreoi (mentioned in No. 1G)
seems to be at an end. The 29th of March about ten
thousand men resumed their work, and the next day
five thousand five hundred followed their example.
Mademoiselle Celine Gerard, the daughter of a di-
rector of one of the mines, deserves much praise for her
great courage and presence of mind in controlling the
mob when the safety of her father's buildings was en-
dangered. He and his overseer were absent, and
Mademoiselle, knowing that four or five hundred
strikers were on their way to the coal yard, went
there, accompanied by her brother. The courageous
young girl seeing this mass of workmen approaching,
went to the leaders, stopped them and demanded what
they wanted? We want, said they, all the men in the
pit to come out." Mademoiselle commanded a me-
chanic to go down and order all the men up. A
striker" who was about to cut the ropes, was pre-
vented by the girl, who immediately threw herself be-
tween him and the ropes, saying, with a courage and
energy beyond all praise : I forbid your touching these
ropes." The man, intimidated by this bold act desisted
from his intention. Another striker about to attack
one of the head workman of the pit, was thwarted in the
same manner. Mademoiselle represented with firm-
ness to the strikers" the inconsistency of their be-
havior and actually succeeded in convincing them that
it was not by violence that they could free themselves
from the distress attending the present coal crisis.
These energetic words having produced the desired
effect, she ordered several barrels of beer at her own ex-
pense, which kindness was received with repeated cries
of vive Mademoiselle Gerard I Thus did this heroic
young girl avert from her father's establishment the
destruction, to which it otherwise, in common with
others, must have yielded. n. m.
Well Spoken.Poet Patmore counselled :
Let no weak man in desperate mood,
Wed a dull girl because shes good.
To which somebody tied this :
Nor any woman in any plight,
Wed a bad man because be's bright.


296
C|)e ilfualntiaii.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) (1Ar.
PARKER PILLSBURY, } *-aitors-
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YOKE, MAY 14, 1868.
TO OUR RADICAL FRIENDS,.
We occasionally receive letters from Repub-
licans and Abolitionists criticizing our affilia-
tion with Democrats. They say, Your paper
is admirable, and if you would only 4 drop
Train your subscribers would pour in by the
hundreds, and all your old friends would rally
round you and make your paper a complete suc-
cess.
Although our paper is already a success, and
subscribers do pour in by the hundreds from
East, West, North and South, we will concede
to all such friends and advisers the right to criti-
cize when they so broaden their platform and
policy as to make the claim of the educated
women of the North for the right of Suffrage
as important as that of the ignorant black men
of the South, and when they place at our dis-
posal a larger fund than liberal democrats have
already done to help us to make The Revo-
lution what we intend it shall be, the most
liberal reform paper of the age. Before advis-
ing us to throw aside the generous services of
our new found friends, look at the position of
the Womans Rights cause in this country be-
fore 4 the Kansas election. Republicans and
abolitionists alike ignored the question, claim-
ing that this was the negros hour. Even
Wendell Phillips told us before all Israel and
the sun, on our own platform, that fashion was
more to woman than the right of suffrage, after
clearly showing the day before, on the anti-
slavery platform, that without the ballot a man
was but a slave. Republicans ignored us be-
cause they feared Womans Suffrage was more
than their party could carry; and abolitionists be-
cause they feared it would lessen the black mans
chance of enfranchisement to make any de-
mand for the woman by his side.
Our three most radical papersthe Tribune,
the Independent, and the Standardwere closed
against ns. We could not get an article in
either, pointing out the danger of reconstruc-
tion on the old basis of caste and demanding
the recognition of woman in the new govern-
ment. While they all made a merit of con-
sidering .what was done on this question the
world over, they postponed the recognition
of the principle to the indefinite future.
Their position to our cause was precisely that of
the early colonizationists to negro emancipa-
tion. Thus ostracised, we tried to establish a
paper of our own. Lucy Stone made appeals
in person and by letter to leading republicans
and abolitionsts, but with her utmost efforts
even she could not get pledges to the amount of
$10,000, though it was understood that she
would edit the paper herself, wholly unencum-
bered by any George Francis Train or other
Democratic bugbear.
New York and Kansas at this same time pro-
posed to amend their constitutions. Not a Re-
publican or Abolitionist would speak for us
before the Constitutional Convention of New
York nor go to Kansas in that important cam-
paign ; and the Hovey-Commifctee, of which Wen-

dell Phillips is chairman, in Boston, though it
appropriated $1,000 to Parker Pillsbury to lecture
on impartial Suffrage, passed a resolution con-
fining his labors to New England, thus prevent-
ing him from going to Kansas, where the only
practical work was to be done.
Of all our old associates George W. Curtis
was the only champion ,we had in the New York
Convention. Republicans and abolitionists were
alike determined that womans claim should be
held in abeyance to that of the negro. And
so enslaved and darkened is woman her-
self by centuries of degradation, that when the
women of this nation should have risen up
with one mind and denounced the exalting of
brute force above moral power, some of the
leading women, in consenting to this- republican
policy, would have committed the wholesale sui-
cide of their own sex, had it not been for the
unwavering determination of a few to be heard.
Seeing the danger on all sides of the nation crys-
tallizing again on the old principle of caste,
with an aristocracy of sex, the most narrow,
hateful, and dangerous on which a government
was ever basedseeing that the women of vir-
tue, wealth and character in this country were
to be made the subjects of every vicious, igno-
rant, degraded type of manhood, we unfurled
the new banner to the breeze, immediate and
unconditional enfranchisement for the women
of the republic. Democrats saw the logic of
our position, and echoed it. They presented
our petitions when republicans laughed them
to scorn, and plead our cause in the State
and national councils, and franked our docu-
ments from one end of the Union to the
other. The women of St. Louis sent George
Francis Train to Kansas, because neither
Horace Greeley, Theodore Tilton or Wendell
Philips proposed to go. He labored there faith-
fully for weeks, often speaking three times a
day, and the result of the election was 9,000
votes for Womans Suffrage. Some deny the
credit of this vote to Mr. Train, but we were
on the spot and saw the wonderful power he
exerted over a class of voters whom none of our
other speakers could reach. As soon as we
stated to him the necessity of an organ for our
thought, he pledged himself at once that the
long-wished for 4 4 Revolution should no longer
be postponed. He then travelled through nine
States in the Union, aonouncing The Revo-
lution in his speeches wherever he went, thus-
successfully heralding us before we were bom.
Now, it seems to us, in the full tide of our suc-
cess, quoted and recognized by the press on
both Continents, that warnings and criticisms,
or any patronizing professions of interest, come
with rather a bad grace from those who have
maintaiiied a stolid silence on our question to
this hour. It was the utter desertion of our
cause by those to whom we had a right to look
for aid, that forced us to our present affiliations.
So long as we are enabled to proclaim our
principles, it matters not who helps-to do it.
We regard the enfranchisement of woman as
the most important question of the age, and we
are determined to keep it before the nation, and
to this end we will accept aid from any quarter,
affiliate with any man, black or white, Jew or
Gentile, saint or sinner, democrat or republi-
can. As the mass of our women are republicans
and abolitionists, some may be used as a cats-
paw to pull the radical chestnuts out of the fire,
and sacrifice themselves to false notions of
magnanimity to others. All this hue and cry
about Train is a mere cover, a sham. The
real trouble is, he has made it possible for us
to utter the thoughts that radicals wish to
hold in abeyance until the black man is safe
beyond a peradventure, and Grant is enthroned
in the White House.
Now if the democratic party were wise they
would exalt the divine idea of equality uttered
by the fathers in 76, and thus swallow up these
blind politicians and partial reformers, and with
the broader platform of 4 4 Universal Suffrage
and 44 Womans Rights inscribed on their ban-
ners, and an honest, sober man for their candi-
date, they would sweep the country from Maine
to Califonia in the coming election, and secure
the peace and prosperity of the republic forever.
E. o. s.
E. PLURIBUS UNUM.
THE ANNIVERSARIES.
While the different societies and sects as
semble in the metropolis, each one to press its
partial idea, each deeming its specialty the mos
important, in securing the general welfare of
the race, let us consider the chain of causes
that links all these reforms in religion
government and social life together ; the broad
principle that underlies all alike. If we ex-
amine the creeds of political organizations,
church or reform associations, temperance,
peace, prisons, the rights of black men, women
or labor, we find the special pleadings on each
and all these platforms resolve themselves at
last into1 the right of individuals, to be guided
in ail things by their own reason and con-
science ; the right to life, liberty and happiness.
The one question that uniformly thrusts
itself for consideration on all these platforms,
is whether it is better to sacrifice the few to the
many or the many to the few, none seeming to
comprehend that ii we obey the laws of ou
being there need be no such thing as sacrifice
at all, for in all cases the highest good of one
is the highest good of all, and the highest good
of all does not require the sacrifice of one indivi **
dual right-/ If we listen to the debates in the
prison and peace societies we readily see the
injustice of stronger men and nations coercing
the weaker to their will, of war and violence
and retaliation in every form, the cruelty and
vindictiveness of our whole criminal code, of
the gallows, the chain, the dungeon, the cold
shower, all -those barbarisms of a darker age,
and we feel it is our duty to protect the rights
of every human being, from the millionaire in
his palace to the beggar in the street, knowing
that only in the safety of the humblest member
can society be made secure. A wise selfishness
would teach us to make the wrongs of all man-
kind our ofrn, for the race are so bound to-
gether that we must rise or fall as one.
Again, on the temperance platform it is asked,
shall we protect society against drunkenness,
by prohibiting or licensing the traffic in intoxi-
cating drinks, by placing the rumseller and the
drunkard under the restraints of law and the
ban of.an indignant public sentiment, or shall
we go deeper down, and having learned that in
false marriage, false education, prolonged,
monotonous, and half-paid labor, we have the
causes of these morbid appetites, wisely set our-
selves to work, and so change the conditions of
the individual, as to secure a healthy, happy,
harmonious development, and thus protect
society by a recreation of the race. Everything
short of this radical work, all attempts at a forc-
ible repression of vice, disease and crime, will
prove utterly abortive in the future as the past.
Just in proportion as we exalt individua


Sfct fjUtftfttttitfii,
"297
rights above all laws, constitutions, religions
and governments we begin the work- of moral
regeneration. To-day the soldier, the prisoner,
the drunkard, the woman, the child are all sub-
ordinated, perverted, demoralized, by some
false notions of the interests of society, a society
that, by its creeds, codes and customs, is daily
manufacturing murderers, drunkards, criminals,
prostitutes, rogues; thieves and liars, and then
for its protection drags to the torture, the rack,
the gallows, the prison, the weak and de-
graded victims of its own crimes and abomina-
tions. Again, in the Womans Bights and
anti-slavery organizations, we find them de-
manding the right of suffrage, but another
variation of the same plea for individual rights.
All history shows that whatever class is thrown
outside the pale of political consideration, that
is degraded in its own eyes and in those of the
ruling classes. Hence in thi^ demand for suf-
frage we see the growth of a proper self-respect
and the power to secure respect from others.
The ballot is the key to all the advantages and
opportunities of life, the power by which the
citizen secures those conditions of society in
which he can freely exercise and enjoy his
natural rights. After going over the whole
field of argument on this question of suffrage
for women and black men, through Bible, con-
stitution, law and logic, through all history,
ancient and modern, the arguments 'resolve
themselves at last into this same one of indi-
vidual rights. And this, too, is the kernel of the
great national question we are called upon to
discuss to-day. While politicians, bent on per-
sonal aggrandizement and party success, absorb
the thought of the people with negro suf-
frage, impeachment, the next presidency,
let us remember that the same problem of indi-
vidual rights, given by our fathers to the nations
of the earth for solution in 76, stands face to
face with us to-day demanding settlement.
It is the first duty of the American people to
vindicate that grand declaration of equality,
already twice baptized in blood, and consent to
no reconstruction of this nation on any basis
but that of equal rights to every citizen of the
republic. If we could only concentrate the
thought and efforts of the people on this one*
national question, which swallows up every
other, because it underlies all others, we might
from this anniversary week, wholly ignoring
the plans and purposes, the selfishness and
tergiversation of our political leaders, send
forth a new declaration of peace and union,
calling on the East, the West, the North and
the South to sit down in council together, to
confess themselves equally guilty in the past in
the violation of the republican idea, and to
choose this day whom they will serve, whether
the old God of caste and class, that has led his
subjects through centuries of blood and carnage,
or that Sun of Righteousness that shines on the
just and the unjust, gilding alike the palace and
the prison, the brow of royalty and the dying
thief on the cross.
The success of any one of these partial re-
forms is impossible without the triumph of the
whole. Like the human family they belong to
one body, and must rise or sink together. Let
us, then, no longer leave the helm of the ship of
state in the hands of political tricksters, while
the people only watch the wrecks on shore,
but let us turn from alll these partial reforms to
the broader one of national life and prosperity
by securing to every man and woman life,
liberty, happiness, land, and the profits of labor,
education, rest and recreation, food alike for
body and soul, and that higher development
that shall open the golden gates of hope, and
love, and wisdom, to all the sons and daughters
of earth. E. c. s.
IMPEACHMENT\
It still lives in the minds of men, because
newspapers find it convenient, though coarse
filling for their columns. But out of the heart
of the community, it long ago passed, crowded
and burning as that heart is with more impor-
tant and vital questions. Only politicians and
those of the least valuable class, had any inter-
est in it from the beginning of the present
Congress. It came too late for practical good
results, by at least one year. Too late by at
least two years and a half, had the nation not
lost all deeency, all honor. The time for
impeachment, with any high moral effect, was
when the President babbled his drunken,
beastly, inaugural address before a nation sin-
cerely and deeply mourning the murder and-
loss of his predecessor. In the very presence
of those hallowed remains, he should have been
hurled from a post the like of him never could
but disgrace. Senator Sumner saw it, said it ;
and had he persisted in enforcing his idea, the
country would have sustained him. In the
February following he might and surely should
have been again arraigned. And had not Con-
gress really been what he then called it, not
the government, but a body of men hanging on
the verge of the government, he would never
have signed or vetoed another of its enactments.
He would have been shaken off as a viper, back
into the pit from whence he sprang, to bite and
be seen no more. It was not for lack of desert
on his part, but of disposition on the part of
Congress. His crime was great enough, but
Congressional cowardice was far greater. Em-
boldened by success, he has passed from
step to step, until Congress and leaders of the
party in place (and that should therefore be in
power), saw that he was fast pushing them from
their stools, and that his impeachment was be-
coming a political necessity. The people had
grown tired of such leadership, and were loudly
calling for and rapidly working a change. And
impeachment was the last tub thrown to the
whale. But it was too late. The nomination
of Johnson was a supposed necessity. His
continuance was a necessity ; and now im-
peachment is enacted only as part of the
same fatal policy. The republican party has
not attempted one manly, just and virtuous
movement, since the assassination of its pre-
sident. Could the bullet of Wilkes Booth have
penetrated and put a period to its power with-
out more loss of natural blood and life, it would
have increased the prospect of permanent re-
storation on a new basis of justice and freedom.
And until the party is overthrown by some
agency, divine or human, there is now no pos-
sibility of salvation.
The reason for this is, because the very little
virtue the republicans have remaining, has be-
come to themselves a reproach. The party it-
self regards it as reproach, and in every way
wipes it out where possible. The only political
virtue it ever possessed superior to the demo-
cratic party was its opposition, direct or in-
direct, to African slavery. To Greek, Polish,
Hungarian, Italian and Irish oppression, the
democrats were ever and always as intensely
opposed as the whigs or republicans. Had the
slaves belonged to one of those nationalities, or
been a nation by themselves (.with white skins),
they, too, would have shared the general sym-
pathy. The whigs championed the negro cause
in the Texas imbroglio, the republicans in the
conquest of Kansas ; but both deserted him
when the party interest or success demanded it.
But for the Northern hatred of slavery-exten-
sion over Texas, General Taylor would never
have been elected president. That same hostil-
ity cropped out again in the Kansas struggle,
and displaced James Buchanan by Abraham
Lincoln. But in the hands of unprincipled
party leaders, the Texas strife resulted in whig
defeat and speedy dissolution. Republicanism
is rapidly running the same race. It is ashamed
of the idea on which it rose to power. Radical-
ism is to be its ruin when it should nave been
its safety, and through it, the national salva-
tion. Opposition to slavery in Texas and in
Kansas, logically implied opposition to it every-
where. So, too, if the negro should vote in
Arkansas and the Carolinas, he should vote in
Connecticut, Ohio and everywhere. Truckling
cowardice and demagogueism ruled the hour in
the former instance, and ruled to ruin. The
same unhallowed policy controls to-day, and
has led to the same dire result. The party
falling on the rock of Radicalism could only
have been broken, at the worst. Nay, that very
rock should have been to it an everlasting foun-
dation. Now, through party weakness and
wickedness the foundation has fallen upon it,
and will grind it to powder. So are truth and
right ever a savor of life unto life, or of death
unto death l
Impeachment is nothing any more. What
interest the public could have had in it, is long
ago lost. Many a trial has awakened pro-
founder emotion In the country, and of as long
continuance, if not longer. At most, it has
served to entertain the people, while far more
significant and momentous schemes have been
plotted and carried on. Instead of a robe of
righteousness, it is but a cloak for sin. The
Bonapartes know how to dazzle the eyes of
their subjects with the blazeonry of war, while
plotting the national ruin and their own aggran-
dizement. It is the trick of tyrants and dema-
gogues ever. It serves its purpose in the old
world and has for ages. It is equally successful
in the new, and this one more word of warn-
ing may be thrown away. p. p.
REV. WILLIAM SHARMAN
This gentleman has just arrived in this
country from Great Britain. He is a Unitarian
clergyman of the most liberal school, and one
of the class of Englishmen too, who, believes in
the liberation of Ireland, and has suffered much
for his earnest efforts in her behalf. He brings
many excellent letters of introduction from
eminent persons of the John Bright and John
Stuart Mill party in politics. A short time be-
fore leaving England, he delivered a powerful
lecture on the Duty of Englishmen and Irish-
men to Ireland, to a large concourse of people
in Bradford, at the close of which among other -
approving demonstrations he was presented with
the following address. We give it as farther
expressive of the purposes as well as character
of Mr. Sharman. He has already received
several invitations to preach and lecture in
this city, Brooklyn and other important places
in the country :
ADDRESS OP THE IRISH PEOPLE OF BRADFORD TO THE
REVEREND WILLIAM SHARMAN.
Reverend Sib : We being ever grateful to those who
exert themselves on behalf of our country or our people


298

de?m it our duty to offer to you this address as an humble
acknowledgment of the many valuable services which
you have rendered to both.
Though differing with us in nationality, it makes us
all the more sensible of the many sacrifices which you
have made, and the great amount of opposition which
you have had to encounter, while boldly asserting the
just rights of Ireland and her people to legislative in*
dependence.
We fully appreciate the noble motives which actuate
you, rev. sir, in the cause of our unfortunate country
and people, believing them to spring not from that am*
bition which characterises the political trickster, but
from that pure love of freedom and the exaltation of his
fellow-man, which constitutes the true philanthropist.
It has been asserted by a noble lord, in the British
House of Parliament, that Ireland and hr grievances
were entirely unknown to .the masses of the English
people, but your charitable work, rev. sir, has been to
eradicate that ignorance by voice and pen from all those
within your reach. And it is our candid conviction that
were the majority of the working English people (on
whom ourreliance Is placed for better legislation) equally
familiar with our sufferings, Irelands present deplor-
able condition would be very soon ameliorated.
Considering, then, the great amount of good which
you have done tor us, and the scarcity of such benevo-
lent and humane men, and at this time, too, when our
native land is mourning for the loss of her most noble
and valiant sons, we most sincerely deplore your depar-
ture from amongst us. However, absence will only
make the heart grow fonder, and may your sojourn in
the Land of the free and the home of the brave be a
happy and prosperous one ; in a word, that it may be
all you desire, is the most earnest prayer of us the Irish
People of Bradford.
TEE LONDON S1AR ON WOMAR
SUFFRAGE.
The tone of the press in England as well as
elsewhere barometrically indicates the state of
the moral and political atmosphere ; and the
most radical wing of the press is most reliable,
because ever the most sensitive and carefully
observant. No matter what the Saurian Satur-
day Review may say, when the newly risen
morning Star, organ of the John Bright and
Liberal party of England, beams as below :
The Womans Suffrage Meeting in Manchester will
doubtless furnish a text for the feeble jocularity and
the vapi d philosophising with which all such subjects
are generally treated by certain journals* The advocates
of woman's suffrage must, however, be pretty well used
to the jokes, and have taken the full measure of the
philosophising by this time. We dare say any one of
the ladies who spoke so sensibly and eloquently at the
Manchester meeting (reported in Revolution last
week), could have described beforehand with tolerable
accuracy every one of the pleasantries with which the
Saturday Review will treat the demonstration, and every
one of the solemn aguments with which the Times will
dispose of its demands. Indeed, the opponents of wo-
mans suffrage, whether they be of the school of wiseacre
or zany, can only sound one stop each. The argument
consists in saying over and over again that to vote is no
part of a womans business : the joke consists in repeat-
ing, What a funny thing it is for women to want
votes!'' and grinning idiotically all the time. We are
glad to perceive that the meeting in Manchester did
something better than merely answer such argument or
express contempt for such fun. Women now thorough-
ly understand that the way to get the suffrage is to
agitate for it, and the meeting of Tuesday night was a
demonstration and a piece of practical business at once.
The question has grown prodigiously within the past
1 few months. Indeed, when Mr. Mill brought forward
his motion last year, no one probably expected that he
would have been followed into the lobby by Anything
like so large a number as eighty-two members.
We are heartily glad that the matter has passed
decisively into the field of action, and that hencetorth
we shall have to weigh the influence of demonstrations
and register the progress of divisions, instead of having
to listen to the horse-laugh of the buffodn and answer
the arguments of the Phiilistane. Ii a woman owns a
house and supports herseli and pays her rates, there is,
there can be, no reason why she should not have fran-
chise as well as a man.
One is almost ashamed to refer to any of the old stock
arguments on this subject. Bat we have always been
struck by an astonishing inconsistency on the part ot
those who take what we suppose they understand to be
the profoundly philosophical tone in opposing the con-
cession of the suffrage to women. In one sentence they
speak of sex as something which ought to exclude, and
does necessarily exclude, woman from any share in the
political workings of the worldsomething affecting
all the thoughts and impulses and actions oi woman,
and making them essentially different from those of
man ; so that when one asks Why should not a woman
vote?* itisenougi to answer, Because she is a wo-
man,just as, if one asked, Why does a rabbit not
fly ? it would be enough to say Because he is a rab-
bit. But the next moment we are told that this ac-
cident of sex affects womans nature and career so light-
ly, that if we allow her to vote at a poling booth she
will become morally, mentally and aasthetically an unsex-
ed creature ; an undomesticated, unmatemal, unloving,
unloveable, coarse, and masculine sort of being ; a thing
ot which tbe utmost that can be said to define it is that
it wears petticoats and is not a man. How, whether
either or neither of these positions be tenable, we beg
to observe that it is simply impossible to sustain them
both. The two theories cannot live together. For our-
selves, we are content to know that neither is true.
The difference of sex has not prevented women from be-
ing great writers and politicians, from making books and
making laws, from organizing victories and ruling king-
doms. Neither has any amount of knowledge acquired,
any amount of interest in the politics of the world dis-
played, by women, prevented them from being tender
mothers and faithful wives, from being gentle and sweet,
from winning and fascinating, from malting tea and
mending stockings. The giving of a vote certainly can-
not do what the wearing of a crown and the ruling of
a State fail to do. The Saturday Review, indeed, argues
with a specially ill grace on the demoralising effects of
the Suffrage. If its pictures of womanhood be trueif
the Girl of the Period and the Woman of the Period be
really the coarse, slangy, meicenary creaturesthe
painted, padded, impure, half-naked Jezebels it describes
for our edification every weekit cannot assert that this
degradation of the female sex in England is owing to the
political activity of the beings it loves to portray. The
Girl of the Period has, at all events, never exerc.sed the
franchise. She has not spoken at a Manchester meet*
ing. She is no student of Mr. Mill. She and her like,
supposing such to exist at all, are found among the wo-
men to whom all interest in political affairs seems vul-
gar, and who giggle most loudly with their male com-
panions over the idea of a woman giving a vote.
NO MORE INTERJECTIONS.
New England is coming. The Revolu-
tion startled it at first. Because light always
has come from the East, it is supposed it always
must. But The Revolution shines for all.
It says to the West give up and to the East keep
not back! And glad and glorious are tha re-
sponses from ocean to ocean. The Portland
Press is one of the ablest and most liberal of
all our New England exchanges. We clip the
following from its columns:
Let us have no more resisting female suffrage with in-
terjections, for, say John Stuart Mill and his associates,
that is the only method which has been practised in op-
posing it heretofore. The contest has become too warm
for that sort of antiquated artillery. Gentlemen may
cry Ol but here is The Revolution pouring a tre-
mendous broadside into their ranks every week ; or Ah 1
but Mrs. Dali, Gail Hamilton and Anna Dickinson reply
in pamphlet, speech, or good-sized and well-written vol-
ume. Gentlemen may fancy themselves secure in their
monopoly of political rights, but while the good, easy
souls are flattering themselves in this way, women are
actually voting I To every interjection woman replies
with an epigramto every sneer with an argument.
The matter is getting serious. Frythee, gentle reader,
listen and be startled out of your feeling of mere lazy
curiosity about the woman question. Tou have heard
much and read much of tbe coming man. The latent
news is that he isnt comingit's a woman / If some-
thing isn't done at once, she will be here presently and
a muliocracy-the word is of our coinage and we have a
modest pride in its parentagewill take the place of our
boasted Republic. Crinoline has already invaded pre-
cincts hitherto sacred tonot to put too fine a point upon
ittrowsers. Knitting work has been serenely carried
on in realms not in an earlier and better day profaned
by less grave pursuits than the drinking of mild beer
and the smoking of the national weed.
We are prepared to present such an array of facts as
shall startle the most stoical and confident misogynist
out of his seven senses; if the bird of freedoma
white male bird, mark youpreserves his equanim-
ity, it is more than we expect. To commence at home
is it generally known that this very spring, in a town in
this State, one white woman ot the name of Aunt
John came near being elected a member of the board
of superintending school committee ? Is it known that
in the town of Reading, in the good old Commonwealth
of Massachusetts, three ladies were actually elected to
office at the very last election ?that women are eligible
to office for the supervision of schools in Kansas ?that
they are admitted to the bar in Iowa?that a woman
voted at the election of Jacob Bright to Parliament from
Manchester, England, and that a woman has recently
attained the sublime position of highway surveyor in
another part of England ?that there are forty female
postmistresses in Arkansas? These aTe factsthere is
no mistake about thatas well undertake to deny the
death of the junior partner of the firm of Scrooge and
Marley.
What say you, gentlemen, shall we, the descendants
of the heroes of Bunker Hill. New Orleans, Buena Vista,
and the Aroostook, view the impending petticoat crisis
with calmness and resignation ? There has been some
incredible treason on our side already. The distinguished
English publicist, who is the author of the interjection
theory heretofore mentioned, long since went over .to
the enemy, carrying with him vast stores of eloquence,
learning, philosophy and statesmanshipwent over in
open day and in open Parliament, with all his pomp,
pride'and circumstance of glorious rhetoric. Not
long ago as many as five or six American Senators, a
probable Presidentlet us say rather in the language of
a sensational exchange, a probable fiend among
them, deserted to the same hostile camp. George Wil-
liam Curtis, who can write you a book, a poem or a legal
argument, edit newspapers and magazines and make
after-dinner speeches that drive emulous youngsters to
despairhe, too, with his culture and travel and po-
litical influences must be counted of our foes. The
fealty of Horace Greeley is not to be relied upon. Bishop
Simpson is in open rebellion. Henry Ward Beecher has
revolted. There remain in the field, opposing this vast
array of beauty, wit, erudition and power, only the
much-cpunselling Dr. Holland and the disjecta mem-
bra of poor old Dr. Todd 1 Even democrats have been
swept away, saying nothing of George Francis Train,
who hasnt gravity enough, either specific or general, to
admit of his political classification. When the subject
of negro suffrage in the District of Columbia was under
discussion in Congress, a democratic Senator from
Pennsylvania supported an amendment extending the
franchise to woman in a speech of remarkable earnest-
ness and cogency.
The way of safety, it seems to us, is this. Washing-
ton dispatches say that the petitions are pouring into
Congress, praying for Female Suffrage In the District.
Now let it he granted, cheerfully and at once. It is very
well known what the result will be. Woman, rashly
venturing out of the' sphere where the wisdom of
our fathers placed her, will become an Amazon. Xan-
tippe. Pope Joan and Catherine de Medici will become
the regular types of womanhood. All the vices of mas-
culinity will be speedily adopted, even to desiring seats
in Congress. There will be such a Revolution as the
world never saw before. Fine women with no bigod
nonsense about them will edit expurgated editions of
Virgil and Cicero in which the time-honored sentiments,
Varium ei mutabile semper femina, and Nullabonafemina
est, will no longer be found. The extent of the evil eon-
sequtncesof the reform will be limited only by the
boundaries of the District. The experiment having
proved a failure there, the agitation will everywhere
cease. The Revolution will be put up auction, and
Mill be sent to New South Wales. Curtis and Greeley
will be* tried for high treason ; Wade will be impeached ;
Mies Anthony and Mrs. Stanton will be sent to a board*
ing school; the Turkish custom of secluding women
will be engrafted upon our less advanced civilization anc^
we shall all be happy ever after.
Singular Blindness.The advocates of Womans
Rights seem to us to have forgotten one important right:
that namely of bringing forth men fit to govern America.
Bo Messrs. Radical induce the writer of the
above to subscribe for The Revolution, or
lend him your copy, and not permit such dark-
ness outside the South Boston Blind Asylum.


b
MARRIED WOMEN'S RIGHT OF
PROPERTY.I
A new voice has been heard in the British
Parliament on the Bights of Women. Mr.
Shaw Lefevre has asked leave to offer a Bill to
amend the law with respect to the property of
married women. He said as a general rule the
wealthy classes escape from the operation of
the common law by means of marriage settle-
ments ;*but that this course not being open to
the poorer classes, they come under the full
force of its severity. He said that if women
had a share in the return of members to the
House there could not be a doubt that one of
the first measures that would Ije forced upon
its attention would be one for amending this
law.
Mr. Lefevre made along speech on submitting
his proposal, and waked the indignation of the
London Times by the force of his argument into
two columns of indignation, in the strain of the
following, with which it concludes :
If wives are ruined by husbands, husbands are also
ruined by wives, and it is at least as necessary that hus-
bands should be able to control wives as that wives
should be independent oi their husbands' tyranny. In
short, for the sake of a very small and a very doubtful
good, Mr. Sbaw Lefevre would introduce a great and a
very certain mischief. Our present law goes on a right
principle, and though there is a due mean to be ob-
served in all such matters, our existing practice goes
quite far enough in the direction Mr. Shaw Lefevre
advocates.
FEARFUL FIGURING.
The Cincinnati weekly Times ciphers as fol-
lows :
Government statistics show that the value of the re-
tail liquor sales in the United States during the year
ending June 30, 1867, was one billion four hundred and
ninety-one thousand eight hundted and sixty-five (1,000,-
491,865) dollarsor nearly halt as much as the whole in-
terest-bearing debt of the country I To suppose that
the people cannot own and pay a dCbt twice as great as
their liquor bills for a single year is absurd. And yet it
is believed that not more than two-thirds of the retail
sales are reported, so that the amount would be $1,333,-
989,153, a sum sufficient to support 4,446,630 people for
one year at $800 each.
It scarcely seems possible that so much is annually
wasted in strong liquorsor that the people can spare
so much from the means necessary to keep them from
starvation. The amount is over one-third of the aggre-
gate earnings of the whole people.
About 130,000 licensed liquor shops are reported, to
which one-third may be added for the places where it is
sold without license.
The amount of retail in one year is nearly as large as
the value of all the railway property in the United States,
which is $1,654,050,799. against $1,333,989,153 of liquor
sales. It is more than the united product of all our
mines of piecious metals for twenty years, which is put
by J. Ross Browne, in an official report, at $1,165,000,000.
It is nearly ten times as much as the value of all the
cirarch property of the United States.
DIABOLICAL.
A writer it? the N. Y. Sun describes as below
the shower bath now in fise in the Peniten-
tiaries of the State. And we call ourselves
a civilized, nay, a Christian community! The
Sun only confirms what more than once we
have, with curdling blood, read before :
The prisoner is placed naked on the seat, having his
hands and feet fastened imir^evable, and his throat clasped
by a band of iron in such a manner as to raise his face
towards the ceiling, rendering motion impossible and
respiration difficult. While in this fixed position the
water is let upon his head in full force through a tin
plate perforated with large holes, which is located at
the top of the box. A keeper stands outside the bath in
charge of the stopper, and a medical man attends to

determine how much the poor creature can endure.
The punishment consists in suffocation, and while there
is no actual intent to take life, yet I am informed by
inmates in that prison that several deaths have occurred
there which were marked on the hospital books as cases
of apoplexy and heart disease," which were
sirop'y deaths produced by the shower-bath.
ANNIVERSARIES.
The American Equal Bights Association,
Cooper Institute, May 14.
Luceetia Mott, Pres.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, )
Henry Ward Beecher, > Vice Pres.
Frederick Douglass, )
Susan B. Anthony, )
Henry B. Blackwell, j c,ec*
American Anti-Slavery Society, Wendell Phil-
lips, President, at Steinway Hall, Wednesday
13, 10J a. M.
Universal Peace Society, Alfred Love, Presi-
dent, at Doclworths Hall, Friday 15.
Lo, the Poor Indian !There is to be a pub-
lic meeting on Monday evening the 18th inst.,
at half past seven oclock, to consider the
claims of the Indians in Alaska and on the
frontier territory of the country, to a more hu-
mane consideration than many have received
at the hands both of the government and the
white settlers on the lands sacred to them and
their ancestors through many generations. A
more important object could not be presented
to the ear and heart of the American people ;
and Cooper Institute is not too ample for the
multitude who should respond to this call.
/ 1
Long Dresses.Oliver Wendell Holmes has
a keen eye for the beautiful, none clearer, but
he says, 'Confound the make-believe women
we have turned loose in our streets ; where do
they come from? Why, there isnt a beast or
a bird that would drag its tail through the dirt
in the way these creatures do their dresses.
Because a queen or duchess wears long robes
on great occasions, a maid of all work ora fac-
tory girl thinks she must make herself a nui-
sance by trailing through the street, picking
up and carrying about with herbah! thats
what I call getting vulgarity into your bones
and marrow. But Doctor, why do you desig-
nate the factory girl and maid of all work?
A Crying Evil.The Boston Banner of Light
says : American women, of late years, dislike
to have childrenthey consider it a crying evil
and have resorted to abortion as a remedy.
One of our most prominent physicians informed
us recently that the number of cases in this
city, evenamoog respectable married women,
would not be credited were a full statement
given to the public.
Sexology as the Philosophy of Life.
Mrs. Willards new and invaluable work on the
Science of Life in its multiform departments,
will be found advertised in The Bevolution
of to-day. It should be widely known, and
studied rather than only r ead.
Judge Watrous has decided in the Texas
District Supreme Court that the Civil Rights
bill is constitutional, and that freedmen are
citizens not by virtue of Congressional enact-
ment, but by constitutional law ; having been
born on the soil.
299
THE KEY NOTE OB RECONSTRUCTION.
From the Washington Constitutional Union.
Let the dead past bury its dead. Act, act,
in the living present, is the watchword of to-
day.
The republican leaders who controlled the
whig party of twenty years ago, and who were
overwhelmed in the destruction of that organi-
zation, have, like Austria in King John, slipped
the lions skm of radicalism over their recreant
limbs, to hide and help their centralizing and
despotic designs.
Thomas Jefferson, the father of true demo-
cratic radicalism, wrote that those who pay to
support the State are entitled by right to a vote.
John Stuart Mill, the friend of America, repu-
diates the idea of manhood Suffrage as too nar-
row. t<3ur fathers of 76 began the Revolu-
tion which ended in American liberty with the
war cry, No taxation without Representation!
The skin-deep radical leaders have enfran-
chised the negro to save themselves from
political ruifi, and to carry on their schemes of
empire. By defensive warfare we gain nothing
and may lose all. Lei us carry the war into
Africa !
Let the democracy concede to the skin-deep
radicals the negro suffrage on which they insist,
thus relieving itself from the popular odium of
opposing free suffrage, and prepare to place in
the hands of our Mothersf our Wives, our sisters,
and our Daughters, the baUot which will checkmate
the skin-deep dreams of Empire Let the demo-
cratic party strip the skin of the radical lion
from the recreant limbs of the Imperialists, and
hang thereon the calfs skin of defeat! Let
us revive the war cry and" the spirit of *76!
Let the democracy write on their banner, No
taxation without representation! Let them
thus join to themselves every American woman
who respects herself as much as she does Sam-
bo, and will work night and day for those who
promise to raise her at least to be his political
equal
The democracy of Kansas, and other Western
states, have already awakened to the true state
of the case. George Francis Train, in his new
organ, The Revolution, is leading the same
way. Let the National Convention take the
ground of Emancipation for Women, and in
this sign conquer! .From zone to zone, and
from sea to sea, let the rally cry of democracy
ring; along river, mountain, and vale, Free
Suffrage and Local Liberty! till it swells to a
song of millions triumphant. Freedom.
TEE MONETARY SYSTEM.
Last week we alluded to the power of the
bankers and usurers, aud showed how they
will endeavor to retain it. We propose now to
notice some of the means at the command
of the friends of right and justice, and the
manner of using them to the discomfiture of
these their oppressors.
Before going into this conflict of right and
justice against wrong and oppression, there are
lessons to be learned, virtues to be practiced
and duties to be performed. We must learn
that all great political and social reforms, to be
permanent, mnst begin in the lowest stratum of
society and work upward, and that oppressions
originate in the upper and press downward.
The greatest of reforms must begin with and
be consummated by the people. That intelli-
gence and virtue in the sovereignty are neces-
sary to a wise administration of justice under


300

any form of government, and that it is not of
so much importance whether a democratic or
republican administration control the govern-
ment, as that it be wisely and justly administered
That, as each citizen is an integral part of the
government, he has important duties to per-
formduties too sacred to be neglected or en-
trusted to any oneand which he should ear-
nestly seek to know and faithfully perform. He
should therefore think for himself and act on
his own convictions of right and duty. He
must divest himself of all preconceived opinions
on questions of financial and other govern-
mental policies, when convinced that they are
erroneous, accept truth and reject error, regard-
less of their source ; eschewing all party pre-
judice, he must meet and act with his fellow-
citizens for the common welfare. He who is
unwilling to do these things cannot be- a good
citizen of a free government, for tlAs is the
only way the general good can be promoted
and a successful effort made against the com-
mon enemies of labor in every department of
industry. The interests of employer and em-
ployee are mutual. Ho lasting good can result
to either from the compulsory measures or
strikes, so often resorted to. The permanent
interest of both can only be secured by the
overthrow of the present falsely constituted
money power. Having learned these lessons
and determined to perform our whole duty, we
are ready to go to work with the certainty of
success.
The first thing to be done is, to petition Con-
gress demanding the repeal of the shoddy bank-
ing system mis-called National, and the adop-
tion of a just and true monetary system that
will give to labor its just reward. If the repre-
sentatives of the people have any doubts as to
which system the soldiers and wealth-producing
classes prefer, ask them to submit the question
to the decision of the people at the ballot box ;
this they cannot refuse, if they mean to repre-
sent the people at all. But above all, we should
not fail to demand of Congress justice for the
soldiers and their families, widows and orfjhans.
We should positively refuse all bank notes, no
matter what system they are issued under, and
insist upon legal tender Treasury notes (Green-
backs), in payment for services and supplies
furnished the government. Protest against the
issue or sale of government bonds bearing
greater interest than three per cent, per annum,
or payable in anything hut lawful money of the.
United States.
Second. Form your Town, County and State
organizations so that intelligent and united ef-
fort may be made throughout the whole nation.
It you cannot find among the public journals
any that will advocate your rights, discard the
whole of them and establish others that will.
Ho not fear a little cost in this matter. Re-
member that by supporting the newspapers in
the interest and employ of hankers and usurers,
you are paying for your own oppression and de-
gradation.
Third. Be careful to sustain those in office
Who stand by and support your rights, and to
select only good and true men for legislative,
executive, judicial, and other positions of offi-
cial trust, discarding all mere professional poli-
ticians and demagogues. When a man appeals
to you as democrats, republicans, Irishmen,
Germans, or any other party name or na-
tionality, set him down as a demagogue seeking
his own interest regardless of your rights. You
may safely accept this as an infallible rule, for
good men know none of these distinctions.
They only know you as American citizens.
Fourth. Make this greatest of all reforms
paramount to all other issues, saving alone the
preservation of the government. Stand on no
platform in which these are not the main planks
placed side by side, nor support for office any
men who are not heartily in favor of both.
Go £o work with faith and constancy in the
performance of your duties, and soon the ranks
of the .enemies of justice will waver and give
way before the power of right, and the vic-
tory will be wonthe rights and dignity of
labor asserteda victory more grand, more
sublime, more beneficent in its results, than
was ever won on the battle-field. Let the
social position of the laborer to which he is en-
titled by the ordination of- God, in the laws of
nature, be ascertained and recognized, and
poverty and crime, and most other political and
social evils, will give place to competency, vir-
tue and happiness.
Business Women.The New York Tribune
quotes the Hermit in New York, as saying
that about one hundred women have stands in
Washington Market. They are mostly from
New-Jersey and live in Jersey City. They rise,
eat their breakfast, and get to the place of trade
by five o'clock in Summer and seven in Winter.
They plunge into the crowd of country folks
and chaffer fox bargains, and then take their
seats and bide their chances of trade all day
longfor although market closes at three
oclock this class linger until late hours. Some
of these market women have made money, or
at least they have saved it, and on their petty
trade they have become rich, while others have
let it slip through their fingers. The former
keep bank accounts, own houses and collec
rents.
Savings of the Freedmen.The laboring
poor, though often in great destitution from
lack of employment, are on the other hand the
most thrifty people in the world. The Southern
freedmen form no exception to the rule; for
an official financial statement of their Savings
deposits shows that during the month of Feb-
ruary $181,565.75 were deposited, and $164,-
654.74 were drawn out of the banks. During
the year ending March 1st there were $638,299
deposited, and $383,538.92 remained due de-
positors. The total deposits by the freedmen
from the first have been $3,582,378.36, and of
drafts $2,944,079.36, leaving a balance on the
credit side of $638,299.
The most appropriate lining lor a ladies* bonnet is a
smiling countenance.Exchange.
And the premium of insurance on a smiling counten-
ance is liberty.
ITEMS.
Co-operative Building.Read the adver-
tisement Howto purchase a House for $15.80
per month, and see if it is not the most
feasible plan to get a home. Remember there
is no risk, but little, mouey needed and no rent
to pay. Call at the office of the Co-operative
Building Bank, 202 Broadway, and get full
particulars from the gentlemanly Secretary,
J. Andrew.
Good for the Ladies.No more blistered
fingers, no more twinges of pain, no more ill-
temper, and other bad feelings occasioned by
hot irons in the hands of weary women, but
sure protection if you only -get the Iron Holder \
Its a new thing, a good thing, a cheap thing
and every family should have one. J. W. Hol-
man is Sole Agent, 95 Liberty st, room 13,
New York City.
That Dipper and The Little Won-
der.Have you seen them ? We have. They
are truly represented, and knowing this, we
heartily recommend them. Marsh & Co., are
at 33 Maiden Lane, N. Y. ,
Miss Hosmeb receives $10,000 in gold, for her statu e
of Benton.Cincinnati {Journal of Commerce.
Mrs. Grundy, who claims to monopolize the refine-
ment of her sex in her neighborhood, or at be6t, conde-
scends to share it only with those, who, like herself, de-
monstrate their'delicacy by doing nothing, will probably
say this * erratic girl would be more femioinely em-
ployed in darning the stockings and rearing the ten chil.
dren of a husband on $700 a year.
A New Attxit.takt.In the City of Merida, Capital of
the State of Yucatan, the senoras fladiesj have organized
a club, and propose to publish a newspaper to he called
the Feminocrada, or Femocracy. They addressed
a communication to the editor of the Bias, asking him
why the public journals did not discuss social questions
and give woman her rights. Our American Woman's
Rights Associations have, then, a Spanish American'
branch in the capital city of the far of Mexican State o f
Yucatan.JBroumsvUle Ranch&ro, April 16.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks .for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fonder and Credit
MoUlier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Fi'eedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. SIX.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home*
SLAVERY OR GOVERNMENTS, THE PRIVILEGED
CLASSES AND THE PEOPLE.
The history of civilized nations is the history
of a few of what are called the privileged
classes oppressing and robbing the masses.
Governments were organized on this principle
that the interests of the many should be sub-
servient to those of the few. The ignorance
of the many rendered this imposition easy
until the discovery of the printing press
diffused knowledge among the people. With
the growth of knowledge and intelligence the
people succeeded in emancipating themselves
from the bondage in which governments and


301
''Yto~'§tv0!uti0!K7
the privileged classes had held them. That is
to say the people acquired knowledge and began
to wrest from their oppressors and keep to
themselves for their own benefit more of their
own bodily toil and the fruits thereof. Tu
plain terms the people became less of slaves
than they were before. For the end and aim of
all civilized governments and their privileged
classes, before the American Revolution of 1775,
had always been to take from the masses as
much of their bodily toil and the fruits there-
of as they could or dared to do without pro-
ducing revolt or revolution.
THE BRUTE AND HIGH ART SWINDLING FORMS OF
SLAVERY.
A slave is a person whose bodily toil and
the fruits thereof are the property of an other.
What may be called the brute form of slavery
or that which used force to take from persons
their bodily toil and the fruits thereof ex-
isted under the Southern slaveholders with the
colored people. This brute form of slavery is
happily now extirpated in this country, but in
its place we have fastened upon the whole na-
tion, North and South, East and West, on the
white and colored people alike, the High Art
Swindling system of slavery which originated
with the British funded debt and Bank of Eng-
land schemes for oppressing and robbing the
masses to enrich the few.
FUNDED DEBT, BANK AND TAX SWINDLING.
Freedom exists only in name in those coun-
tries which are cursed with the British Funded
Debt and Bank of England systems. The peo-
ple are then impoverished by enormous taxes,
tight money markets and commercial crises
which are their natural results. The profits of
labor are absorbed by what is called capital.
The laborer is doomed by them to perpetual
and hopeless toil. In every country there is
just so much surplus profit to be divided an-
nually, and the more there is absorbed by
taxes, high rates of interest and panics with
their ruinously low prices, then the less remains,
of course, for the masses of the people.
THE NEW SLAVEHOLDERS IN THE UNITED STATES,
American citizens are just beginning to suffer
from the High Art Swindling system of slavery,
by which their bodily toil and the fruits
thereof are taken from them and made the
property of government officials and other
thieves, national bank men and bondholders at
home and abroad. Three hundred thousand
slaveholders before the rebellion lived luxu-
riously on the the bodily toil and the fruits
thereof of about four millions colored people
called slaves. Since the rebellion, five-
hundred thousand government official and
other thieves, national bank men and bond-
holders live luxuriously on the bodily toil
and the fruits thereof of thirty millions of
white people called free. Everywhere
throughout the United States the people are
in a straightened condition. They are suffering
from the want of money. They work harder
than ever, they economise more than ever, and
yet they are poorer than ever. Every kind of
business is unsatisfactory. Only the few very
rich are pleased. The interests of the many are
subservient to those of the few. There is no
mystery in this. A few figures will explain
the whole matter.
THE PEOPLE SWINDLED OUT' OF EIGHT HUNDRED
MILLIONS A YEAR.
Taxes, National bank profits and bondholders
constitute the new slaveholding system which is
taking from the people their bodily toil and
the fruiits thereof, practically making them
slaves. For example :
Annual government taxes...................... $600,000,000
Whiskey ring thieves stealings................ 200,000,000
Tobacco ring thieves stealings................. 50,000,000
National banks 6 per cent, gold interest on
$300,000,000 bonds against circulation, in
greenbacks equal to........................ 25,000,000
National Banks on $50,000,000, 3 per cent,
certificates.................................... 1,500,000
$376,500,000
Deduct government expenditures before
the rebellion........................... 80,000,000
Total annual new burden imposed on the
people since the rebellion................... $796,500,000
A sum in twenty years, without interest, equal
to more than the value of all the property in all
the United States.
The people are now required to pay at least
$800,000,000 every year to the new slaveholding
class created since the rebellion. This vast
sum is taken from them every day in cash, at
the rate of $2,000,000 to $3,000,000. It is not
taken in merchandise or property, but in
money, thereby crippling trade by the abstrac-
tion daily of so large an amount of ready money.
THE NEW SLAVEHOLDING SYSTEM THE SOLE CAUSE
OF THE PEOPLES POVERTY.
This is the sole cause of the poverty and suffer-
ing of the people and the dullness of trade. If
our National government expenditure and
the stealings of the National banks, whiskey
rings and other thieves were reduced to what
they were in 1860 say $80,000,000, thus allow-
ing the people to keep for their own uSe in
money $2,000,000 to $3,000,000 every day, or
$800,000,000 a year, what sort of times should
we have ? Does any one doubt that with the
aboliiion of this High Art Swindling form of
slavery, plenty and happiness and prosperous
business would extend throughout the land in-
stantaneously ?
THE CAUSE AND THE REMEDY.
The cause of all existing evils being apparent,
there can be no doubt about the remedyre-
duction of government expenditures and the
stealings of the National banks, whiskey rings
and other thieves. To take from them and
give to the people.
GREENBACKS AND CONVERTIBLE BONDS.
Begin with the National banks. Replace
National bank notes and three per cent, certifi-
cates by greenbacks. This change would save
at once $26,500,000 every year, that is to say
the people would keep this sum of money in-
stead of giving it to banks. This amount of
$26,500,000 per annum, at 7 per cent, com-
pound interest would aggregate $3,392,000,000
in seventy years, and would pay the whole
National debt in 65 years.
ABOLISH MCULLOCHS PET BANK AND RING
SWINDLES.
Prohibit the Secretary of the Treasury from
depositing any of the public money in National
banks. The average amount of public money
deposited in the National banks without inter-
est is at least $40,000,000. If this money had
been used to buy 5-20 bonds, thereby earning
every year, $2,400,000 in gold, then it would
save to the people in 70 years, £207,200,000.
Abolish the present taxon whiskey and tobacco,
which cannot be collected, and impose one
fourth of the present rate, which would realize
at least $50,000,000 more than at present col-
ected
ECONOMY IN GOVERNMENT EXPENSES.
Cut down the expenses of government to at
least one-half, or $300,000,000, which could be
effected easily if Congress so willed it. This
would leave $180,000,000 annually besides inter-
est on the public debt, for carrying on the gov-
ernment, which cost only $80,000,000 in 1860.
These figures are suggestive. It is vain for
labor convontions to work, excepting for the
one defiinite object of compelling government
and Congress to act at once in the direction we
have pointed out.
GREENBACKS AND FUNDING INTO CONVERTIBLE
BONDS.
The first demand must be for no paper cur-
rency but greenbacks, which cost only the price
of paper and printing. Next the funding of
the National Debt into bonds, bearing three per
cent, currency interest, exchangeable at the
pleasure of the holder at par for greenbacks,
and again obtainable at par on demand for
greenbacks. This would give the people all
the profits on their currency circulation, and all
the money which the trade of the country might
require.
Government credit, of which the people make
the profit, will take the place of bank credit
called bank notes, and bank deposits, which are
simply the proceeds of discounts or loans.
LEGAL RESTRICTION IN ANY CREDIT ABSURD.
Legal restriction on bank credit is absurd and
indefensible, because it is simply an exchange
of one kind of negotiable property into another
kind which is better known or more widely ne-
gotiable for the gain of both parties, like any
other exchange. It is a conversion of indivi-
vidual or commercial credit into bank credit of
more general currency. More individual or
commercial credit requires more bank creditor
general currency. Government credit is higher
and more widely negotiable than bank credit,
therefore superior in every way. Greenbacks or
government credit are more current than Na-
tional bank notes or bank credit. If, then,
greenbacks or the superior credit can be ob-
tained at the least cost, or simply the price of
paper and printing, is it not folly to have any
other?
PLENTIFUL GREENBACKS FOSTER THE CASH SYSTEM
OF TRADING.
The more plentiful greenbacks are, the less
use there is for commercial credit. With plen-
tiful greenbacks trading is done for cash and
short time, instead of long sredits. The scarcer
greenbacks become, the more trading is done
on credit and the less for cash.
mculloch the friend oe the new slave-
holders.
This has been made plain by the greenback-
contraction policy of Mr. McCulloch. As the
Secretary contracted greenbacks, so traders
were forced gradually to buy less for cash and
more on long credit. This policy uses up men
of moderate means and builds up large capital-
ists and gigantic monopolists, to the enslave-
ment of labor and the great injury of the com-
munity in the aggregate. It is another pha&e
of the high art swindling system of slavery by
which the rich are made richer and the poor are
made poorer. The scarcer legal money is made,
the more valuable it becomes, according to the
law of supply and demand, and the richer be-
come those who are possessed of it. Labor be-
comes more the slave of capital the scarcer
money is made.
The National banking scheme is abad copy of


302
l\t lUvotutiOtt,
all the evils which, are embodied in the Bank of
England. Our funded debt and taxation mud-
dle are a combination of all the evils that ever
cursed Europe, and from which Europe has
been emerging for the last forty years.
They are a system of legal robbery and swindl-
ing administered by thieves. They contain
within them the essence of slavery.
Let the people arise and smash all political
machines, and free themselves from the High Art
Swindling form of slavery by which they are
robbed of $800,000,000 every year. Prosperity
and freedom among the masses are impossible
till this is done.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
Tee talk among the brokers ie about the dullness
in the stock market and what the cliques are going to do
TO ROPE THE PUBLIC IN,
that the cliques find it very expensive work to keep their
STOCKS LIVELY BY WASHING,
IS DOING IN GOVERNMENT BONDS
and those of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Rail*
road Companies, that all the surplus money is going into
them, and that some influential stock operators are buy-
ing heavily of government bonds and will run them up
to a very high figure. The talk is that the
CANTON COMPANY HAS ON HAND
$500,0(0 of cash assets besides its real estate, and that
the company will either buy its own shares in the mar-
ket, or make a dividend to stockholders, that
BALTIMORE OPERATORS ARE BUYING
all the Canton they can get in this market, and that it
will go to a very high figure this summer. The talk is
about the
MINING SHARE MARKET
and its dullness in the face of the receipt of encouraging
news from the mines, that prices are so low real holders
will not sell, and tiie business of the board is'at'a stand
still. The talk is that the inside men of some oi the
companies are keeping things dull at the Mining Board,
for the purpose of buying blocks of their own stocks at
low prices. The talk is about
SECRETARY MCULLOCH,
and that there are very few stocks on tbe list wkich
are not washed. The pnblic will not touch any of the
stocks that are involved in litigation, but they leave
them severely alone, neither buying nor selling them.
The talk is that
aud everybody hopes to see him follow Tycoon Russell
into elegant retirement, and that the
GRAND DUTCH-SS
may join him in dancing she
BOCK ISLAND IS DEAD
as regards the public, because it is so mixed up in law
that
IT IS NOT SAFE TO TOUCH IT
either long or short. The talk is that
FISK & BELDEN ARE STUCK
with a big load of Rock Island, and that they recommend
it as the best purchase on the list and that everything is
going down except Rock Island. The talk is that the
third mortgage holders of the old La Crosse and Mil
waukee Company are going to commence legal proceed-
ings
AGAINST THE MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY,
and that,, they will recover a large amount of money.
The talk is that the MUwaukee and St. Paul Company
had better get out of law as soon as possible, because
the public will not deal in any security which is in the
courts. The talk is that
! PACIFIC MAIL IS HELD UP
CAN-CAN OUTSIDE OF THE TREASURY
department The tAlk is that
ALLERDICE, THE GOVERNMENT BOND BROKER,
say 6 he will open his dancing school by inviting
M*CULLOCH TO DANCE THE CAN-CAN
with* the Dutch-ss to lead off, and followed by the
TYCOON RUSSELL AND THE ARTFUL DODGER, THE
GOVERNMENT FENIAN AND GENTLEMANLY PETE,
that Alderdice thinks they have
ALL BAGGED SO MANY CHIPS
during the tight money by sailing gold, buying 7-30s at
105 % and New York Cent al at 1C8% to 110 that they will
start off
LIVELY IN THE CAN-CAN
and beat MUe. Tostee or La Belle Helene, with two to one
on McCulloch and the Grand Dutch-ss.
York Central and Eric are unsettled. Rock Island is
heavy and dull. Quicksilver fell off from tbe pressure
of sales to realize. The Express Companies shares are
dull.
Musgrave & Cp. 19 Broad street report the following
quotations:
Canton, 51 % to 52%; Boston W.P. 20% to 21; Cumb. Coal
32 to 34 ; Wells, Fargo & Co., 22% to 22% ; American
Express, 58% to 59; Adams Express, 60 to 60% ;
United States Express, 59% to 60; Merchants Union
Express, 30% to 30% ; Quicksilver, 58% to 29%; Mari-
posa, 6 to 5% ; preferred, 10 to 10% ; Pacific Mail,
91% to 91% ; Atlantic-Mail, 33 to 34 ; W. U. Tel., 37% to
38; New York Central, 127% to 127% ; Erie, 68% to 68% ;
preferred, 74 to 75; Hudson River, 135 to 136; Read-
ing, 90% to 90% ; Tol. W. & W., 51% to 52 ; preferred
*68 to 71 ; Mil. & St. P., 61% to 62; preferred, 74% to
74% ; Ohio & M.C. 31 to 31%; Mich. Cent. 118
to 119 ; Mich.. South, 83% to 83% ; Til. Central, 145 to
147; Cleveland & Pitlsbure, 83% to 83% ; Cleveland &
Toledo, 105% to 105%; Rock Island, 94% to 94% ; North
Western, 66% to 66%; do. preferred, 76% to 77; Ft.
Wayne, 105% to 106%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are active and strong. The investment demand is in-
creasing and heavy purchases have been made by the
German bankers. The small 5-20. bonds of 1862 are
scarce and command % per cent, more than the large
ones. Tbe Central and Union Pacific Railroad bonds
are active and in demand for investment.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Registered, 1881, 113% to 113% ; Coupon, 1881,113%
to 114; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 106% to 106% ; 5-20
Coupon, 1862, 109 to 109% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 107
to 107% ; o-2u Coupon, 1865, 107% to 107% ; 5-20 Cou-
pon, Jan. and July, 1865, 109% to 109%; 5-20 Coupon,
1867, 109% to 109%; 10-40 Registered, 103 to 103% ;
10-40 Coupon, 103 to 103% ; June, 7-30, 107% to
107% ; July, 7-30, 107% to 107% ; May Compounds, 1864,
119% ; August Compounds, 118; September Com-
pounds, 117% ; October Compounds, 117.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
lor tbe week were $2,293,625 against $2,136,368 last week,
$2,255,530, and $2,534,582 for the preceding weeks.
The imports of merchandise for the week were $4,-
216,906 against $5,395,815, $5,556,6,564, and $4,560,458
for the preceding weeks. Tbe exports, exclusive of
specie, were $3,188,021, against $4,170,473, $4,111,405,
and $3,013,393, and 4,731,689 for the preceding weeks.
The exports of specie were $3,686,394, against$1,431,891,
$1,867,291, $1,625,498, and $891,807 for the preceding
by a clique for the purpose of selling. The talk is that
TYCOON RUSSELL
of the Bank of Commerce has been requested politely
by the stockholders and directors of the bank to take his
valuable services elsewhere, that the
tycoon russells shylock little game with
JAY COOKE & CO. ^
to squeeze the community by high rates of interest dur-
ing
SECRETARY MCCULLOCHS TIGHT. MONEY
has injured (be business of tbe bank, that every bor-
rower avoids the Rank of Commerce if he can get the
money elsewhere, that
TYCOON RUSSELL DISGRACED THE BANK
THE MONEY MARKET
is easy at 6 per cent on call, with the exceptions at 5 and
7 per cent. The banks are discounting freely at 7 per
cent., aud prime paper is taken in the street at 6% to
7% per cent. The weekly bank statement shows enor-
mous bank expansion, tbe loaus having been increased
this week $8,127, 211 and $13,400,000 in the last fort-
night.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
May 2d May 9th Differences.
Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Legal tenders,
£257,628,672 $205,755,883 Inc. $8,127,211
16,166.873 21,286,910 Inc. 5,120,037
34,114,843 34,205,409 Inc, 90,566
191,206,135 199,276,568 Inc. 8,070.433
57,863,599 57,541,837 Dec. 321,762
of Commerce, the largest national bank in tbe country,
by squeezing out of its customers 7 per cent, in gold and
by making them buy government bonds and foreign
bills of exchange at 1 per cent, above the market price.
The talk is that the National Bank of Commerce ought
to have been an example to tbe rest of the community of
high minded, honorable dealing in a regular backing
business instead of
ACTING LIKE PAWNBROKERS AND SHYLOCKS. .
The talk is that the stockholders of the Bank of Com-
meice say that
TYCOON RUSSELL MAY PLAY
hie liitle game upon foreigners like his friends
CHADWICK k SONS, OF ROCHDALE, ENGLAND,
but he must not try it with American citizens. The talk
is ihat
TYCOON BUSSELL MADE SO MANY CHIPS
by tight money that ho is quite resigned to retire into
private lile. The talk is about the enormous business
THE GOLD MARKET
closes strong with an upward tendency, owing to large
exports of specie and the political complications at
Washington.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows: Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 2, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Monday, 4, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Tuesday, 5, 139% 139% 139% * 139%
Wednesday,-6, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Thursday, 7, 139%, 139% 139% 139%
Friday, 8, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Saturday, 9, 139% 140% 139% 140%
Monday, 11, 140% 140% 139% 139%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is firm, owing to the short supply of commercial bills.
Prime bankers 60 days sterling bills are quoted 110% to
110% and sight 110% to 110%. Bankers francs on Pari s
60 days 5-12% and sight 5-10.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
that
is strong in the shares oi the Western railroads; New
weeks.
OUR AGENTS.
l
Mrs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st., N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mrs. O. Squires, Utica, N Y.
Mbs. M. A. Newman, Binghamton, N. Y.
Miss Maria S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mrs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, R. I.
Mrs. E. P. Whipple, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mrs. R. B. Fischer, 923 Wash st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. M. H. Brink erhoff, Utica Mo.
Mrs. A. L. Quimby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mrs. E. A. Kingsbury, Iowa.
Mrs. L. C. Dundore, Baltimore, Md.
Miss Clair R. DEvere, Newport, Maine.
Mrs. H. M. F. Brown, Chicago, 111.
Mrs. G. L. Hilderbrand, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mrs. Julia A Holmes, Washington, D. C.
Mrs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mrs. Geo. J. Martin, Atchison, Kansas.
Mrs. Geo. Roberts. Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mrs. Laura A. Berry, Nevada.
Mr.J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington Road, Camberwell, Lon-
don, England.
FUK SALitf,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6in.
JJENR1 B. STANTON,
AND
HENEY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
63 eEDAB STREET,
&&IARY PfttLte, fc*w ¥o RK,


303
t to* gUvfllttti##.
JJ1HE FREEBOOTERS.
A STORY OF THE TEXAN WAR,
BY
GUSTAVE ATMARD.
Author of ** The Prairie Flower,- The Trapper's
Daughter, The Piriates of the Prairies, The In-
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PRICE 50 CENTS.
Thr Freebooters, by Gustave Aimard.The writer
of this volume is a Frenchman, who in his youth was
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since his return to civilized lite, he has'industriously
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of which he has written quite a large library, the list on
the cover before us extending to thirteen. They are all
intensely interesting, and their number and popularity
prove that they have a great dfeal of merit.
T. B. PETERSON & BROTHERS, Publishers,
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J^EMORESTS YOUNG AMERICA,
THE BEST JUVENILE MAGAZINE.
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Try it, Boys and Girls. Single Copies, 15 cents, mailed
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^ J£^ICH, RACY, PROFOUND.
READ THE NEW ILLUSTRATED ANNUAL OF
PHRENOLGY AND PHYSIOGNOMY
for 1S68. Contains : Marriage 'of Cousins ; its effects.
Whom and when to marry. Right age. Jealousy in all
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and Queens. Two Paths to Womanhood, illustrated.
u How to Read Character, 30 pages, hansomely printed,
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EMORESTS MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED
The Model parlor Magazine of America ; devoted to
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No person of refinement, or economical housewife,
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\.J Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
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Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
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E W PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22
Hour of Prayer, **
View on Hudson near West Point, M
Life in the Wood,
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Also a full set of
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Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
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Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
in. by 28.
II
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II
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Agents will find a ready sale for
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AND HOW TO DO BUSINESS,
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At 7 per cent, interest,
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Circulars giving full particulars, mailed free, on appli-
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19 4t.
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HOW TO DO BUSINESS.
In one handsome volume ol 600 pages, 12mo. Sent by
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JJOME INSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL, $100,000.00.
OFFICERS.
D. R. ANTHONY, President,
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A. D. NIEMANN, Secretary.
OFFICE49 MAIN STREET,
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JJRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
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18-ly New York.
fj}HE EXCITEMENT CONTINUES.'
" That Dipper M and The Lillie WonderThe Dip-
per weighs, Without springs or weights, from a half
ounce to two pounds, and measures Jrom a gill to three
pints. The Little Wonder combines House-funnel
Apple Corer, Cake Cutter, Pie Crimper, Radish grater,
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boxed and shipped on receipt of $1.30. Agents wanted.
MARSH & CO., 33 Maiden Lane, New York.
gPLENDlD PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS
. TO DEMORESTS MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
To each Subscriber either a Package of Initialed Sta-
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Knives, or Young America for one year, or Children's
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of Four : % dozen Plated Spoons, splendid Album.
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new Piano. Besides all the subscribers get the first
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^ PERPETUAL EXHIBITION,
ALL NURSERIES IN ONE,
AND
WHITLOCKS HORTICULTURAL ADVERTISER,
245 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
Horticulturists, farmers, florists and others, have ong
felt the great want of a general headquarters New
York, where they could see. without waste of time or ex-
pense, samples of the various implements, seed6, fertil-
izers, periodicals, and everything of new and special
interest pertaining to their various departments of in-
dustry. Yielding to this pressing demand, I have con-
cluded to extend my facilities for procuring these im-
plements, etc., for my customers, by opening spacious,
light, and central rooms, where specimens of merit, in
their classified order, together with accompanying cir-
culars, may at all times be examined, and a competent
person always at hand to explain their claims, compara-
tive merits, price, etc., and receive, orders or direct to
the Manufacturer. I also propose to advertise in my
monthly Horticultural Journal, through the year, all
articles on exhibition at my rooms, and to keep open
pleasant reading rooms, furnished with the best Papers,
Magazines and Book6 bearing upon Agricultural, Me-
chanical and general subjects, free to all persons in-
terested in inventions and industrial pursuits. To meet
the expense of an institution of this kind, I propose to
receive specimens of useful articles, seeds, etc., at the
following rates :
Articles covering on Table, shelf or Floor 1 square foot
or less, including advertising, Distributing of
Circulars, etc.,.....................$25 per year.
2 Feet......................................30
And tor each square foot additional.........3
Giving each article a fair showing aid a suitable place,
with others of its class. For articles hanging on the
wall the same rates will be charged, in proportion to the
width used. You will see at a glance that this plan will
afford the inventor, manufacturer, or grower, the very
best possible means of bringing his wares into success-
ful and constant competition with all others of the kind,
and at a cost far less than the expense of a crowded,
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information, and having little time, a concise, collected,
easy method, at all times, of seeing and obtaining what
they want. The advertising alone will he worth much*
more than the price charged for both it, the room rent,
and all incidentals, which together could not be afforded
in so spacious and costly rooms, were it not for com-
missions on orders, etc. To enumerate, you get ior the
amount named above :
1st. Rent of the ve:y best rooms and best locations in
the city at a low price.
2d. Your Circulars distributed to thousands from all
parts of the world, who would not otherwise get them
3d. A fair and impartial representation ol the claims
of your article, will be made by a competent person,
who will also take proper care of it.
4th. You get your specimens advertised in a first-class
Monthly, with large circulation, twelve times a year,
which would be worth more than is paid by most con-
tributors for the entire expense.
5th. You secure the very best chance of negotiating
sales of your patent territory.
6th. You always have a right, when in the city, to a
place to meet your friends, transact business, or get in-
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As we anticipate a very general contribution from al-
most every department of useful implements and in-
ventions, it will be very important to you that your ap-
plication be made immediately, as we must give those
first applying the first attention, and the best oppor-
tunity for exhibiting. Two Samples of the same
patent will not be received. But articles not patented,
Trees, Seeds, etc., will be received from anyone. If
two agents selling the same patent article shall apply,
the first application will have the preierence, and my
orders. For particulars send for our monthly journal.
Single copies 15 cents, $1.50 per year.
Yours truly, L. L. Whitlock.
J^ADIES! I AM AN IRON HOLDER.
BUY ME AND TRY ME !
i am a non-conductor of Heat. Patented March 17,1868.
All Ladies that have used me call me their pet! My
Shield protects your fingers, and. my Holder your hand.
1 am a great novelty and am retailed at fifty cents
each. The trade can buy me at a liberal discount.
I want Agents to sell me and other useful Patent
articles in everj city in the United States.
J. W. HOLMAN, is my sole Agent,
95 Liberty street (Room 13), New York City,


304
fWMlutifltt.
Tli Revolution;
THE OBGAN OF THE
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS :
1. In PoliticsEducated Suffrage, Irrespective of
Sex or Color; Equal Pay to Women for Equal Work;
Eiglit Hours Labor; Abolition of Standing Armies and
Party Despotisms. Down with PoliticiansUp with the
People 1
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas ;
Science not Superstition; Personal Purity; Love to Man
as well as God.
3. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements, which even
Religious Newspapers introduce to every family.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold,
like our Cotton and Com, for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance. American
Products and Labor Free. Foreign Manufactures Pro-
hibited. Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping; or American goods in American bottoms.
3Jew York the Financial Centre of the World. Wall
Street emancipated from Bank of England, or American
Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote One Hun-
dred and Twenty-five Millions for a Standing Army and
Freedmans Bureau for the Blacks, cannot they spare
One Million for the Whites, to keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland?
Send in your Subscription. The Revolution, pub-
lished weekly, will be the Great Organ of the Age.
Tebms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
($10) entitle the sender to one copy free,
ELIZABETH CALX STANTON, ) E
PARKER PILLSBURY, j
SIJSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
37 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
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Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row, New York.
550 MILES
of the
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT
ARE NOW FINISHED.
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1870.
The means provided for construction have proved am-
ple, and there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous
prosecution of the enterprise. The Companys FIRbT
MORTGAGE BONDS, payable, PRINCIPAL AND IN-
TEREST, IN GOLD, are now offered at par. They pay
SIX PER CENT., IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
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PANYS OFFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN
J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and by
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States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction, and
Value of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offi-
ces or of its advertised Agents, or will be sent free on
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JOHN J, CISCO, Treasurer,
April 10, 1868. _ New York.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c. -
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MRS. C. S. LOZIER, M.D.,-DEAN of -the
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j^ectures and speeches
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CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
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SIX WEEKS IN THE WEST.
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"YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
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150 pages. 1860. Price 25 cents.
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ME. DEMORESTS
COMBINATION SUSPENDER
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Ladies $1.00 ; Childrens, 75 cents* Mailed free on
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No. 473 BROADWAY, N. Y.
gEXOLOGY
AS THE
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE,
IMPLYING
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT,
BY
MRS..ELIZABETH O. G. WILLARD.
The most important work on the true nature and
position of Woman yet published, by the testimony of
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1 Vol. large 12mo. Nearly 500 pages, bound in cloth.
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