Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
Principle, not policy: justice, not favors.men, their rights and nothing more: women, their rights and nothing less.
VOL. I.NO. 20.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MAY 21, 1868.
$2 A YEAR.
SINGLE COPY 10 CENTS.
Ci)f iU'iifllution.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.) T3,jAlia
PARKER PHjXjSBUQY, j Mttltoi*.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
.......................-> -
THE ANNIVERSARIES.
As the reports of the various anniversaries
have been published in our daily journals and
scattered throughout the nation, it is unneces-
sary for us to repeat what has been already
given to the public ; suffice it to say that the
- Equal Rights, Anti-Slavery and Peace Societies
held their meetings as usual, making earnest,
eloquent, and-able arguments in favor of the
enfranchisement of women and black men, and
the emancipation of the nations 6f the earth
from the despotisms of wars, standing armies,
national debts, land monopolies and a monied
aristocracy. On all these platforms we per-
ceive a broadening of the range of thought,
showing that we are leading to the one central
idea : that national safety and prosperity rests
on the security of individual life, liberty and
happiness.
No one can talk with the men and women
who have been prominent in these reforms for
the last thirty years without seeing that they
. have sounder views on all questions of political
economy, finance, trade, capital, and labor,
than have those who now stand at the helm of
government.
We feel that in this school of reform, a wise
Providence has been educating the future rulers
of our republic, and if we have seemed to differ
t with those with whom we have labored so long,
it is not that we have less faith in their good-
ness and truth, nor less appreciation of their
special work, but because we so- clearly see the
broader work of tbs hour which we would have
them do ; the nations need that wise and up-
right men should point out to the people the
way of safety and stand at the helm of govern-
ment. There is danger that the sectarianism
of reformers may be as great a block in the way
cf progress as has been that of the church in
the way of religion. We endeavored in our
editorial last week to show that all these reforms
resolve themselves into the one idea of indi-
vidual rights.
Inasmuch as many of the same men and wo-
men met in, these three different societies to
make the same arguments, for nearly the same
thing, instead of talking to bare walls, as each
did separately, how much more pleasant and
profitable, and what an economy of time and
money it would have been if we had all. come
together in the Academy of Music and discussed
Universal Suffrage, Capital and Labor,
Free Trade and a Congress of nations, which
points cover all we have to say and involve the
whole problem of national life, Evegy one
knows that a certain latitude of thought and
subject is necessary to keep up the interest
and enthusiasm of a meeting.
We should like to see a National Reform
League, with Wendell Phillips President, or
any honest man, and some concentrated organ-
ized action of thinking men and women against
the corrupt politicians* who are now plotting
the ruin of this nation. e. c. s.
AMERICAN EQUAL RIGHTS ASSO-
CIATION..
The American Equal Rights Association
held its annual meeting in Cooper Institute,
N. Y., May 14th. Its officers, with but few
changes, are the same as last year, but for the
benefit of those just chosen, that they may be
aware of their new honors, we publish the list
of officers for the present year. As there will
probably be a full report of all the proceedings
of this Convention published in pamphlet form,
our friends all over the country will be able to
read what was said.
The following officers were elected for the
ensuing year :
President.Ltjcbetia Mott.
Vice Presidents.Elizabeth Cady Stanton, N. Y.;
Frederick Douglass, N. Y. ; Henry Ward Beecher, N. Y. ;
Martha C. Wright, N. Y. ; Elizabeth B. Cbace, R. L ;
C. Prince, Ct. ; Frances D. Gage, N. Y.; Robert Purvis,
Penn.; Parker Pillsbury, N. H.; Antoinette Brown Black-
well, N. J.; Josephine S. Griffing, D. C.; Thomas Garret,
Del.; Stephen H. Camp, Ohio; Euphemia Cochrane,
Mich.; Mary A. Livermore, 111.; Mrs. Isaac H. Sturgeon,
Mo.; Amelia Bloomer, Iowa.; Mary A. Sbarrett, Kansas.
Virginia Penny, Kentucky.; Olympia Brown, Mass.
Corresponding Secretary.Mary E. Gage.
Recording Secretaries,Henry B. Blackwell, Hattie
Purvis.
Treasurer.John J. Merritt.
Executive Committee,Lucy Stone, Edward S. Bunker,
Elizabeth R. Tilton, Ernestine L. Rose, Robert J.
Johston, Edwin A. Studwell, Anna Cromwell Field,
Susan B. ^Anthony,, Theodore Tilton, Margaret E.
Winchester, Abby Hutchinson Patton.
WHY DON'T YOU X?"
In reply to the many calls we receive from
editors in all parts of the country to exchange
with them, it is with great regret we find our-
selves compelled to" refuse. Our rapidly in-
creasing circulation takes all that we publish
in advance.
Remember gentlemen, 6,000 editors are ask-
ing us to exchange. Those who hold the fat
offices under government, who have all the ad-
vantages and opportunities of life open to them;
who have the national, state and county print-
ing and advertising, ask us, a disfranchised class,
shutout of all the1 profitable and honorable
posts of life, to give the ruling class $12,000 a
year. We have been so cordially welcomed to
the field of journalism, that we are truly sorry
to refuse so small a favor, but as our price is
very low, only $2.00 a year, we hope there is
enough chivalry in the press, to contribute this
sum to sustain the only journal in the nation
that advocates Universal Suffrage in the recon-
struction.
CORRESP 0NDENT8.
As we desire to give everybody an opportunity
to express an earnest thought in The Revo-
lution, we must urge our friends to make
their letters and articles as short and pointed
as possible. A short article will be read and
copied when a long one passes ^unnoticed. We
are overwhelmed with long communications
that we have no space to print or time to read.
Emerson says the strength of style consists in
striking out.
BISHOP BERKLEY ON PAPER MONEY.
Bishop Berkley died more than a century
ago, and his works are not now in high repute
outside the schools of metaphysics. He was,
however, one of those versatile men (very rare
in these days), who knew a great deal on a great
many things. A till of genuine poetry ran also
through his venous system. It may be news to
some of oar readers that lie wrote the often
quoted lines
Westward the course of Empire takes its way,
The four first acts already past;
A fifth shall close the drama with the dry
Times noblest offspring is the last.*
The Bishop was an Irishman by birth, and in
1728 married the daughter of Hon. -John Fors-
ter, then Speaker of the Irish House of Com-
mons. Soon after he sailed with his wife for
America and landed, after a tedious passage of
five months, in Newport, Rhode Island. There
he purchased a farm and built a bouse which is
still standing. He remained in this country
but two or three years, though on leaving it he
gave his estate and library to Yale College, and '
the organ (still in use) to Trinity Church in
Newport, where he often officiated while resi-
dent there. He it was of whom Alexander
Pope said, he possessed every virtue under
heaven. And another more eminent wrote of
him, somuch understanding, knowledge, in-
nocence and humility, I should have thought
confined to angels, had I never known Bishop
Berkley.
But it was only the Bishops propositions on
Paper Money that we intended here to present.
They are brief and stated only in form as pro-
positions, but are well worthy attention at this
time:
Whether money would ever b9 wanting to the
demands of industry if we had a national
bank?
Whether paper doth not, by its stamp, and
signature, acquire a local value (if issued by
the state a national value), and become as
scarce and precious as gold and whether it be
not much fitter to circulate large sums, and
therefore preferable to gold ?
Wh ether it doth not mncli import to have a


306 ^ for ItfVflluthrtt.
right conception of money ; and whether its
true and just idea is not that of a ticket, enti-
tling to power and fitted to record such power
and transfer the same ?
Whether it be not evident that we may main-
tain a much greater outward and inward com-
merce, and be five times richer than we are, and
our bills abroad be of far greater credit, though
we had not an ounce of gold or silver in the
whole island ?
Whether the use and nature of money, which
all men so eagerly pursue, be yet understood
and considered by all ?
Whether a national hank (not a private joint
stock bank like the bank of England) would
not be as beneficial as a mine of gold ?
Whether the true idea of money he not alto-
gether that of a ticket or counter ?
Whether there he any virtue in gold and sil-
ver, other than as they set people to work and
create industry?
Whether it be not agreed that paper hath, in
many respects, the advantage above coin as
being of more dispatch in payments, more
easily transferred, preserved and recovered
when lost ?
Whether the sure way to supply people with
tools and materials, and set them to work, be
not a free circulation of money, whether silver
or paper?
Whether a national bank (or a department
of state issuing paper money) would not be
more beneficial than a mine of gold ?
WHAT THE PRESS SAYS OF US.
From the Daily Eagle, Heading, Fa.
The Revolution.Its design la to effect a Revo-
lution in popular opinion on many important subjects.
While we differ very materially from the editors in
, some respeots, we contend that their side of the ques-
tion is entitled to a patient hearing. It is a poor com-
pliment to the gallantry of the American nation that the
idea of white female suffrage is ignominiously hooted
down, while ignorant and degraded negroes are enfran-
chised. Any unprejudiced person must admit that the -
educated white women of the United States are bet-
ter qualified to exercise the right of suffrage than the
Southern negroes can be, under any circumstances. Al-
though the idea of woman, lovely woman, interfer-
ing in the strife and turmoil of politics is distasteful to
us, we must admit that the best interests of America,
and the liberties of Americans, would be safer in the
hands of American women than they are in those of the
designing demagogues and ignorant black and white
dupes of the radical party. To give the ballot to the
Southern negroes and refuse it to the white women of
the entire nation, is an outrage which should not be
submitted to by the American people.
The position of The Revolution on the great
financial issues of the day is,. in our opinion, a very
proper one. Its articles on this subject are sound and
to the point. The same may be said of its opinions on
female labor, now so inadequately rewarded in all ports
of the country. The latter subject especially needs
agitation. Women should be encouraged to acquire
proficiency in all branches of industry. Too often the
wife is obliged to support the family, while the husband
lounges away his time in the bar-room, and she should
at least have an opportunity to earn more then the usual
pittance awarded to women for that purpose.
We do not believe that the mass of American worn en
desire the right of suffrage. We believe the majority of
them prefer to be the ministering angels,*' who make
home a heaven. The mothers of our land can, if they
wish, fulfil a higher and holier mission than the entire
sex can accomplish at the ballot-box.
We never talked with a woman five minutes
and pointed out to her the dignity and power of
the ballot, in elevating and educating her sex
and regenerating society, but she was ready to
vote at once. It is not the simple act of going
to the ballot-box and depositing a vote that
works the magic influence we claim, but it is the
entire change that public sentiment must un-
dergo in the recognition of woman as an equal,
. that makes this right of suffrage, as one step to
that end, so important. This demand can be
concisely summed up thus: Let woman have
the same right man has to interpret Natures
laws and decide her-own sphere. Let her de-
cide her own rights and duties and do her own
work. We ask no more than the poor devils
in the Scriptures Asked, Let us alone. We
do not want man to make any special laws for
us. Let your codes and constitutions recog-
nize persons, human beings, say nothing about
women and negroes, but make the bestpossible
government for yourselves, and then let us come
in and rough it with you. Our great regard and
compassion for the white male compels us
to demand that be be released from bearing the
heavy burthens of all the personal and property
rights of women and' negroes, of all that pe-
culiar kind of care and protection that hte has
extended tons in the past. The white males
has had so much to do with other -peoples
rights that they have entirely neglected those
of their own class. It is time for these weak
women and worthless negroes to stand on their
own feet and bear their own burthens, and give
the white male time to look after the finan-
ces of the country, to adjust the relations of
capital and labor, to relieve the people from
onerous taxation, to give us plenty of green-
backs, a sober, upright, honest President, and
leave the women and negroes to take care of
themselves. There are two things Godneyer
meant man should do, and he has always been
lost in the mists and fogs whenever he attempted
either, viz. : to explore a passage round the
North pole, and to describe the limits of wo-
mans sphere. As to these ministering angels,
peace and purity will never reign at the hearth-
stone until they descend with healing in their
wings into the depths of these muddy pools of
oorruption and vice in the great wilderness of
life, where so many of our sons and daughters
have stumbled and gone down. Go look at the1
poverty and desolation of our Southern homes,
and learn what the women of a nation have suf-
fered from a false idea in government. Jeffer-
son, Hancock, and Adams, wise men in council,
, thought as men do to-day, that they had in
themselves all the elements of national life,
but had the Mary Adamses had a voice in that
first Constitutional Convention our declaration
of equality would have been the basis of our
government.
From the Dundee Record.
The Revolution.We have no objection to seeing
or hearing women contend for all the rights which legit-
imately belong to them, and it is morally certain that
if they have civil and political rights which have been
hitherto withheld from them, they will never secure
them, even in republican America, unless they ask lor
them, and get up a wide spread and thorough agitation k
of the subject,. This appears to be the aim of the pub-
lishers of The Revolution,*' andwe welcome them to
the ferum of contest, and as they are clearly reformers
in every sense of the word, we hail them as co-workers
in bringing about a reform in morals, which is greatly
needed in our wide-spread, country. As women are made
to suffer in a greater or less degree from all the vices
which afflict community, they should be allowed to free
themselves from the influence and curses of these
things, and aid in producing a better state in society.
From the Kennebec Reporter, Gardiner, Me.
The Revolution.We have received a copy of this
new paper, which is devoted to the advocacy of the
rights of womankind. It is a -handsome paper, and is
edited with a great deal of energy and pluck.
From the Blairsville (Pa.) Press.
To be candid, we rather like The Revolution,** it is
well edited, artistically it is a perfect specimen of print-
ing.
Thanks to Robert J. Johnston, Printer, 33
Beekman street.
From the Yonkers (N. T.) Gazette.
We have received a specimen number of that zealous
and aggressive advocates of womans rights,** The
Revolution.** Every aspect of the question is treated
with vigorous ability, but, naturally, not always with
discretion. The Revolution also grapples with
public questions outside of those pertaining more es-
pecially to the rights and wrongs of woman, and
discusses politics, finance, and social topics, of every
respect.
Discretion! Do yon claim that as a manly
virtue? All public questions effect man and
woman equally. We are, like yourselves, sub-
ject to the desolations of war, taxation and
death.
From the Miners Journal, PottsviUe, Pa.
Whatever may be thought of the feasibility of the pe-
culiar tenets held by The Revolution on the sub-
ject of enfranchising woman, there can be no denial of
the fact that our contemporary is edited with consum-
mate ability. We wish it a successful career in the
field of journalism.]
Do your best to introduce us into the coal
mines of Pottsvill ?.
From the Southbridge (Mass.) Journal. N
TheRevolution.**The Revolution is a wo-
mans paper, devoted to the interests of woman. It is a
strong advocate of Female Suffrage, which it considers
will do away with many of the wrongs which unpro-
tectgd women kre, under our present laws, doomed to
endure. The paper is well conducted, shows thought,
energy and skill. Mrs. Stanton evidently understands
the situation, and is determined to work faithfully
for the good of her own sex in this and coming gen-
erations.
Yes, sir, we understand thesituation. No
reconstruction but on the basis of equal rights
to. all.
From the Journal and Herald, Springville, N. T.
The Revolution.This periodical -is urgently ask-
ing the friends of its principles to assist in extending
its circulation. It is fearless and free, discusses all'ques-
tions, particularly Female Suffrage.
Yes, sir, we are as free as air. We say just
what we think (as all editors should), being the
mouthpiece of no sect or party organization.
Front the Tri-Weekly Publisher, Haverhill, Mass;
The Revolution.To make it (a perfect success,
Miss Anthony calls for one hundred thousand subscrib-
ers. Hope* she may get them. All intelligent women
should take it, for it is specially devoted to their in-
terests. The leading editor, Mrs. Stanton, is one of the
most brilliant women in the country, and as for Mr.
Pillsbury, his ability is unquestioned.
In our French exchanges our New Hampshire
Hercules is called Miss Pillsbury, and much
surprise expressed at the vigor, reasoning power,
and hard logic of our American women!
From the Picket, Rockville Centre, N. T.
The Revolution is the title of an elegantly prin ted
weekly publication, and is certainly one of the ablest
and spiciest prints of the day.
. We really begin to think we lack solid sub-
stantial substance in our journal, for all the ex-
changes speak of our being, spicy. Too
much spice is alike unhealthy and unpalatable,
that is the reason no doubt the general run of
our exchanges give us so little in return.
From the Coming Democrat.
The Revolution. Woman wronged I Yes, in-
sulted, outraged, abused and ruined, soul and body.
Such are the expressions that appear on nearly every
page of Susan B. Anthonys ** Revolution. It is a
large, well-printed journal, and as full of interesting,
vehement balderdash as Brick Pomeroys La Crosse
Democrat. We say, "coin, and belabor the Radicals
until they concede that a woman is just as good as a
nigger.
That is the point. Every argument for the
enfranchisement of the black man is an argu-
ment for woman also. We say, no reebnstiue-,


gUVflltttitftt. - 307
tion until our rulers are ready to let all disfran-
chised classes go into the kingdom together.
From the Mystic (Ct.) Pioneer.
The Revolution, the organ of Womans Bights/
is a handsomely printed sheet. It is a little two ex-
treme for most persons, and lays all evils that fall to the
lot of women to man's door for keeping from her the
elective franchise. It is ably edited and contains many
new ideas.
The everlasting protest of the human soul
against all inequality is the source of all the
upheavings and revolutions in society. It is
not an evil at anybodys door, but the law of
progress, that will lift us into a higher civiliza-
tion. *
From the Long Island (N. 7.) City Star.
The Revolution is certainly one of the ablest and
spiciest prints of the day.
world takes of the great revolutions going on
about them, and how persistently they oppose
every step of progress as if the moral world
could stand still while the whole solar system
is in Revolution. There is always a perfect
analogy in the material and spiritual world.
From the Seneca Falls (N. 7.) Seville.
The Revolution.This is the name of a very
sprightly and readable paper published in New 7ork.
Mrs. Staunton, editor, is well known here, and many of
our readers are familiar with her writings. She wields
a ready pen and her articles in The Revolution are
refreshingly sharp and piquant. The paper seems to be
a great success.
Seneca Falls will be rsmbered in history as
the spot where the first Womans Rights Con-
vention wn£ held in 1848. We wonder, with
such a record, that we have not more sub-
scribers from that region round about.
From the Johnstown (N. 7.) Independent.
From the Daily Gazette, Reading, Fa.
It is a very neatly printed paper, and very spicy, inde-
pendent, and decided in its matter. The paper sustains
the reputation that women generally have, of being good
talkers. It speaks with an air of authority, as women
are wont to speak. It has for its motto, Men, their
eights, and nothing more; Women, their rights, end
nothing less. The paper is ably edited.
We always look to a journal calling itself in-
dependent for clear, outspoken opinions on
every question. Why did you not accompany
your compliments to our manner ^and appear-
ance with your views on the great question we
advocate. As our native village has been the
scene of several hot church contentions, and
the women there have at last voted round the
very horns of the altar, the men of Fulton
county might as well unfurl their banners to
the breeze for Universal Suffrage. We were
amazed when we heard that the delegate from
that district voted against striking the word
male from the Constitution ot N. Y., in the
Constitutional Convention. That was a very
ungenerous thing for you, Hon. Horace Smith,
to do, seeing that you were elected elder of the
Scotch Presbyterian church by the votes of over
fifty women. If, sir, you do not believe in
womans voting, by what process of reason, or
code of honor, do you accept office at their
hands ? We pause for a reply Being a birth-
right member of that church, and happening
to be in Johnstown on the eventful day of that
election, we voted for you. Oh! faithless
Horace, imagine then how our trusting heart
was lacerated when you betrayed the npble
women of that district who sent in their
petitions, 500 strong, for enfranchisement.
Verily, there must be something in a name,
for all the Horaces behaved badly in that con-
vention. If the women of that district had
done their duty for the last twenty years, we
might have represented ourselves in the con-
vention, and then the males would not only
have been out of the constitution, but one-half
of them out of the convention. Let the young
women be ready for 1888.
From the Fayctleyillo (N. 7.) Weekly Record.
. * the Revolution.It is devoted to the discussion
of all grfeat social questions, and particularly of those
relating to the social and politiool status of woman. It
is conducted with marked ability, and is thorough and
outspoken upon all the subjectsithas under review. Its
editors and contributors are evidently in earnest, and
the paper is worthy of note and respect as a sign of
the times. It demonstrates the great social revolu-
tion that is going on, before which sink into insigni-
ficance the squabbles and scramblings of mere politi-
cians, whose idea of progress and reform is embodied in
the success of their party in grasping the control ot the
offices and the pubic parse. While we may dot agree
with all its conclusions, we would commend it to those
who wish to keep up with the movements of the world.
It is wonderful how little note the heedless
The Revolution.Not the political revolution
through which the country is passing, but The Re-
volution, published by Miss Susan B. Anthony, has
been received, and a model of typographical neatness it
is. Tbe editorials we written in savage, meat-axe style,
but clothed in chaste and pure English. Miss Anthony
says that she is anxious to speedily obtain a hundred
thousand subscribers, and we have no doubt from the
vim and energy she displays her wishes in this respect
will be gratified. Vive la Womans Rights! Perhaps
she may yet become Presidenless of the United States I
Who knows? Meanwhile, go in, Susan, even if you
do rap we of the male gender pretty severely over the
knuckles.
Savage, meat-axe-style! Wiry, dear friend,
we of The Revolution are the most patient,
charitable, loDg-suffering of all earthly editors.
Look around you at the cruel wrongs of the
poor and helpless ; the mass of mankind slaves
to their animal wants ; labor everywhere under
the heel of capital; women forced to prostitu-
tion for bread; little children starving in our
streets ; and then wonder not that we are ear-
nest and vehement in speech. In view of the
mighty sorrows of the race, smooth words
would be out of tims and place. The rich are
shocked and galvanized into the new idea of
humanity, into the meaning of Jesuss command
to the young man who asked, what he should do
to be saved : Go, sell all that thou hast, and
give to the poor ; then'eome and follow me.
From the Daily Colorado Herald.
The Revolution.It is printed in good, clear
type, on pure white paper, is about the size of the
Phrenological Journal, and smells of musk. The rebuke
contained in a single sidelong glance from an angry
young wife is here dilated into a couple of columns of
monstrous long words. If you smoke, or chew, or take
an odd cocktailif you dont go home in proper time-
take The Revolution, and you will find printed
what your injured wife and once clear conscience would
tell you. If you want to know who in particular is rais-
ing a row about the oppressed sex. and how delightfully
comfortable the sex are where they can vote, take The
Revolution. We would advise all ladies, whether
married or single, to take it. To the wives it will prove
an exhaustless magazine of ugly, hard words and argu-
ments which can be used at ail times against refractory
husbands. To the young maidens it will teach modera-
tion when preparing to rush into the awful vortex of
matrimony.
Musk 1 We are fhorough homceopatbists aud
never vise perfumes. As face answerefch to face
in a glass, so doth the Colorado Herald to the
aims and purposes of The Revolution. In
all our exchanges we have not had a better
summing up than this of the advantages that
will accrue to society in taking our most excel-
lent journal. So send in long lists of sub-
cribers from the land of gold, game, gamblers
and gentlemen.
From the Evening Courier, Newark, N. J.
We confess to a liking of Miss Susan B. Anthonys
spicy Revolution, albeit we are not quite prepared to |
accept all tbe theories it advances or to acquiesce in
every proposition it lays down. But it is earnest and
honest, and certainly there are no more admirable quali-
ties in the catalogue ot journalistic virtues. Its opini ms,
moreover, are put forth with piquancy and force \vliL''\
in many instances carry conviction along with tli: a.
Its platform is squarely stated: Principle, not policy ;
justice, not favors; men, their rights and nothing more ;
women, their rights and nothing less. Miss Anthony
wants one hundred thousand subscribers and ought to
havo them.
Good for New Jersey. The women of that
State have settled the question of side-walk
suffrage, and voted in Passaic, May, 1888.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO U&
New Orleans, May 6th, 1368.
Editors of the JRevolution:
I wrote you during the last month to express my
sympathy with your journal, the most sensible, tbe
boldest and most honorable in tbe world. 7ou have
been so kind as to acknowledge the receipt of my lettter
by sending zhe, through Mr. Simon, several numbers of
your paper. I thank you for it, but as I already sub-
scribe for it at Mr. Simons, it will be unnecessary to
send me more. Those Nos. of which I have duplicates
I have distributed among my acquaintances. We have
received the first part of LUnite Universelle, by
Charles Fourier, translated by our friend Mr. Brisbane.
This author has. always been a warm defender of Wo-
mans Rights, aud deserves our gratitude, andif you are
of the same opinion, I shall be most happy to see that
his noble name be often quoted in your journal. I send
you a number of the Satut containing an unedited ex-
tract from the memoirs of Louise du Donon. If you
consider it interesting you can reproduce it. Next week
we shall send the MSS. of these memoirs to Mr. Bris-
bane, that he may submit it to your examination, and
that he may ascertain whether you would like to publish
them in English. He would give them to you in pre-
ference to any ether American publication.
Your devoted H. L. Louis.
We shall be glad to publish some of Mr.
Brisbanes progressive opinions, and any trans-
lations you can send us from the memoirs of
Louise Du Donon. We are greatly encouraged
with the advanced opinions of most French
' writers on our question. If you refer to our
late numbers you will find some admirable
chapters by Augustus Comte, showing that the
feminine element is the one link wanted to har-
monize capital and labor.
Nebraska Cits', May 1st, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
Would you be kind enough to exchange with a paper
published in the German language and in full sympathy
and co-operation for the good work of Womens Rights ?
If so, send one copy to the Nebraska Staals Zdlung, and
I will try to reciprocate by getting up a club of sub-
scribers for you.
Respectfully, T. Renner,
Ed. Nebraska Staats Zeitung.
Most gladly will we exchange with our Ger-
man friend, though our exchange list is already
too large for our profit, but if all our friends
will get up clubs, we will print enough more to
exchange with all who apply on both sides of
the water.
Iowa City Republican Office, Iowa City, 1
Iowa, May 3, 1868. )
Miss Anthony : Tbe Church needs a Revolution ; the
State should have a revolution ; religion wants reason ;
politics wants common sense ; and I' want The Revo-
lution for six months. Enclosed please find amount.
Respectfully, etc. J, J. Miner.
You might as well have said six year?, for
the more you revolvtionize, the more you will
see to be done. We have begun a war against
all kinds of slavery, not only of brute force
but cunning legislation# The laboring classes
are as completely slaves to-day in England,
Russia, France and our Northern States as were
the negroes on the Southern plantations before
the war.


308 - gUtfflltttifltt.
> Toledo, Ohio, April 15, 1868.
Mrs. E. C. Stanton: Although a stranger to you per-
sonally, I fed an acquaintance resulting from my interest
in your cause.
I find the great obstacle to the success of our cause is
conservatism mingled with the indifference of the wo-
men. I speak advisedly when I say indifference. Those
God-forsaken, influential, fashionable women, with a
soul scarcely above silks and diamonds, a mind devoted
only to the last novel, the latest fashion or the next
party, scorn alike their strong-minded sisters and the.
cause they advocate. They smile upon the men who ad-
vocate universal suffrage, such a sickly smile of con-
tempt as must make you laugh to see it. Nevertheless,
these women have an influence over a large class of men,
and upon other women who fear to displease the world.
A flea is scarcely an atom of matter, yet it can bother
the greatest minds.
A few women fear the degradation of the sex in the
political maelstrom;" others fear that man will cease
to shelter and protect. Little they know of the
meaning of these,,'words. Can you say nothing to these
women ? They, more than the men, hinder our cause.
I have found in the range of my acquaintance among
which is limited, I confess, not more than three earnest,
fearles, advocates of Woman's Suffrage, while a dozen
bitterly opposed and as many more indifferent, while the
rest feared the result of such a measure.
Why not organize Woman Suffrage Clubs all over
the country, making them a political power and acting
together.
I send two dollars for The Revolution, and shonld
like the back numbers to preserve in future years. I
have given the old ones all away.
Miss Anthony has missed the figure for The Revo-
lution ; it should be one cipher more1,000,000.
E. S. Lattx.
Oh! yes, there is a work to be done for all
these apathetic, heedless ones. We are pub-
lishing thousands of tracts to scatter all through
the country, educating young women for
speakers and circulating The Revolution
in every nook and comer of the world. Your
idea of the Suffrage Association is a good one.
Let the women organize, organize! Remem-
einber those who would be free, themselves
must strike the blow.
Mar 5,1868.
Miss. S. B. Anthony.Esteemed Friend: I am truly
delighted with The Revolution, and heartily do I
feel thankful for its appearance in the land, and cordially
bid it God speed in the great and good work.
Truly, etc. Hasby C. Hawkins,
Philadelphia.
Translated from the Paris, LHlustration, April 18]
Madame Elizabeth Cady Stanton : The woman
whoso portrait we give here, is one of the most remark-
able promoters of the Equal Rights Association, recently
established in the United States.
Madame Stanton is over fifty years of age, and pos-
sesses features of rare distinction1white hair, thipk,
curling naturally, and dressed with the greatest care.
She wears, with much elegance, the feminine costume,
not a mans hat and pantalettes, as ridiculers may
assert.
I mot Madame Stanton at Omaha, on the Missouri,
in the month of November, 1867. I was returning from
a journey to the Colorado and the prairies of the far
West. Madame Stanton was returning from Kansas,
where she hod made, with another American lady, Miss
Susan 13. Anthony, a campaign in behalf of Equal
Rights.
I heard Madame Stanton and Miss Anthony in two
meetings at Omaha, and I had the honor of accompany-
ing them from Omaha to Chicagoa distance of five
hundred miles. They held meetings in Chicago and in
all the large cities of the Union. Their tour did not
close until the 14th of December, 1867. Tbey were ac-
companied by Mr. George Francis Train, the great
Amorican lecturer, the same who recently (Jau., 18G8)
was arrested at Cork in Ireland, as a Fenian.
Madame Stanton and all the promoters and adherents
of the Equal Rights Association, demand that the women
of the United States shall enjoy equal civil and political
rights with mon. Madame Stanton nominated herself
as candidate for Congress from the city of Now York.
At present we are forced to acknowledge that the Asso-
ciation does not count a great number of partisans, but
tbe idea will germinatewill make its way. Let us not
forget that we are par excellence, the country of progress;
the country where all new ideas have the greatest op-
portunity, particularly if they are just, to develop them-
selves and become quickly popular.
EMANCIPATION OF TURKISH WOMEN.
From the Messenger Franco American, translated
expressly for The Revolution.
We have received from a friend of the Messenger the
following communication to which we oall the attention
of our readers :
The Empire of the SUltan is the greatest anomaly of
the nineteenth century. America has been subjected to
the recriminations of England for nearly a century, be-
cause of African slavery, but-political moralists have not
a word to say of the slavery of woman and the polyg-
amy which prevail in Turkey. It is very true that
there are Mormons in America, but they form only a
little isolated community, and besides have been obliged
to leave the states and withdraw themselves from publio
execration behind the Rocky Mountains. But Turkish
Mormonism is a colossal institution, holding in its grasp
20,000,000 of women, and making civilization impossible
while womans dignity is trodden under foot and the
social, political and moral atmosphere of the Orient is
thus poisoned not only for the Turks but for the Levan-
tins, who are more or less under the fatal effects of this
gigantic immorality. The Levantins are already unfor-
tunately enough situated with reference to all that con-
cerns the (rights | of man and the dignity of the citizen.
They are those men who are deprived of all the aspira-
tions and ambition whioh oluster around the grand sen-
timent of patriotism, for they are men without a
country.
They are under the protection of consuls to whose
control they are subject. They are French; Italians,
English, Maltese, Germans, Americans, Swiss, Greeks
and Russians. They do not recognize the authority
of Turkey and yet, in the countries which protect
them, they are deprived of the privileges of native bom
citizens. The greatest part of this population, whioh,
though foreign in Turkey, monopolises all the commerce
and industry of the Ottoman Empire, does not even
speak the language of the different countries from which
it claims protection. Its foreign origin dating backwards
several centimes, it is in fact more foreign.to the coun-
tries from which it came than to Turkey itself. Yet the
Sultan has no right to their allegiance. Their sovereign,
if there be any, is the consul who represents their origi-
nal nationality. It is the most independent population
in the world, and pays no taxes to the Sultan or any
other monarch. But this independence of ail national
obligations tends also to indifference to all national du-
ties. They are, in a political sense, the eunuchs of the
civilized world. Now, the demoralization which results
from such a civic mutilation, is aggravated by contact
with the social demoralization of Turkey. Therefore
tbe Levantins are represented frequently, as sullied with
the vices both of Europe and Asia. That ambition which
in civilized countries finds room for exercise in politics,
literature, fine arts and social relations has no other
opening in the Orient than in intrigue, money, games of
chance and the degradation of woman. This degrada-
tion of woman not only affects the Turks themselves
but attaoks all those who have the misfortune to live in
the Empire of the Sultan. One would expect that in View
of such monstrous wrong there would'be meeting after
meeting at Exeter Hall and Tremontf Templeyand that
associations for the emancipation of Turkish women
would be multiplied in Old and New England. There is
nothing of the kind, however, simply because the Bos-
phorus is farther than the Potomac and the Thames.
Philantrophy is silent because geography does not assist
her efforts. It must be confessed that such resignation
does not do great honor to philanthropy. Yet geography
does not prevent the progress of missionaries. They
are found teaching the truths of the Bible to the heathen,
from Sumatra to the Fejee Islands; from Japan to Pata-
gonia and the Cape of Good Hope. Zeal does not shrink
from geographical distances. Perhaps we are waiting
for the initiative to be taken by the Turkish women
themselves. But though there are some who curse the
yoke which condemns them to be merely the toys, beasts
of burden and slaves to mans sensuality, they are not
ready to follow the example of Mrs. Stanton and other
lady emancipators of America. They are imprisoned in
harems, and shonld they escape in order to organize an
emancipation association at Stamboul or Brousse, they
would be seized and put to death without any sort of
trial, Besides, the cause of tbe negro was well plead,
even though he, like Turkish women, was reduced to
Silence by a social condition which took away all liberty.
Why not then plead the cause of the Turkish woman.
She is as nobly and richly endowed by nature as her sis-
ters of America and Europe. One may talk of the in-
tegrity of the Ottoman Empire. One may oppose che
legitimate ambition of the Hellenic race, the ancient
mistress of the Orient. One may boast of the reforms
proposed by Tuad Pacha. To such an extent does the
plague of polygamy exist in Turkey, that no reform is
possible, since society is poisoned in its very beginning.
Yet the Queen of England received the Sultan with much
distinction, and the Pacha, who possesses unlimited
power to destroy, buy and sell all the women in his Em-
pire, is called My good friend by the virtuous wife of
Prince Albert. Of all the anomalies of this country,
there is none more revolting than the public and uni-
versal degradation of woman in a great European
country.
WHA2 WOMEN DID IN TEE OLDEN
TIME
DRESSED IN SILKS AND LACES, WHO THINKS OF
THE SONG OF THE SHIRT.NO WOMAN SUF-
FRAGE XS THE SERAGLIO OF SAID PASHA.
Four Courts Maeshalsea, )
Lublin, May 2, 1868. f
Lear Revolution : Shall come out on
bail next week, and lecture in England and re-
turn in time to put firebrands to the tails of the
Political Foxes.
Who thinks of the poor needle women when
the rich meet in crowds ?
In a very few days, some six or seven thousand ladies
will be gathered together in the Park of Trinity College
to witness and adorn an annual festival of great and in-
creasing interest. The thousands of new dresses and of
new bonnets which our fair conntrywomen will display
on that ocoasion will, no doubt, contribute greatly to- the
eclat of the racers and gymnasts of the University; but
will, also, unless their fair wearers bestow some fore-
thought on their working sisters, represent a vast
amount of overwork, late hours, and injured health,
We earnestly commend the subject to the timely con-
sideration of the ladles of Dublin.
Higher wages will come when a woman- will
sell at?the polls for the same price as a man.
The Viceroy of Egypt allows no voting in
the Harem.
The unfortunate though guilty companions of the of-
ficers were, however, beyond the influence of outside
sympathy, and are said to the number of six to have
suffered in the last penalty for their infidelity; one who
had stood in a particular relation to tiie Pasha himself
the report goeshaving met her fate at his own hands.
There was yet another act in the fatal drama. At least
three eunuchs are said to have been disposed ofhow, is
uot precisely stated, but flogging till all suffering was
past, and then the inevitable river,.are both mentioned.
How much better is our system ? Better die
this way than live .in Mercer street.
what women used to do.
From the Rev. Charles Kingsleys Book.
In the following description of the spirit which the
times, stirred among tbe wives, widows and daughters
of the mao, whose effeminacy and baseness is described
by Ammianus Marcellinus:
Women of the highest rank awoke suddenly to the
discovery that life was given them for nobler puposes
than that of frivolous enjoyment and dawdry vanity.
Despising themselves ; despising the husbands to whom
tbey had been weddedln loveless marriages de eonvenanee,
whose infidelities they had too often to endure ; they too,
fled from a world which had sated and sickened them.
They freed their slaves; they gave away their wealth to
found hospitals and to feed the poor; and in voluntary
poverty and mean garments they followed such men
as Jerome and Ruffinus across the seas, to visit the new-
found saints of the Egyptian desert, and to end their
days, in some cases, in doleful monasteries in Palestine.
The lives of Marcella and Furia, of Paula, of the Melanies,
and the rest. It is not my task to write. They must be
told by a woman, not by a man. We may blame those
ladies, if we will, for neglecting their duties. We may
sneer, if we will, at the weaknessthe aristocratic pride,
tbe spiritual vanitywhich wo fancy that we discover.
We may lamentand in that we shall not be wrongthe
influence which such men as Jerome obtained over
themthe example and precursor of so much which had
since then been ruinous to family and socialise; but


309
3 ft* lUvflhttifltt.
wo must confess that the fault lay not with the ladies
thomselves, but with their fathers, husbands, and bro-
thers ; wo must confess that in-these women the spirit
of the old Roman matrons, which seemed to have been
so long dead, flashed up for one splendid moment, ere
it sank into the darkness of the midle age ; that in them
woman asserted (however strangely and fantastically)
her moral equality with man; and that at the very
moment when monasticism was consigning her to con-
tempt, almost to abhorrence, as the noxious animal,'
4 tho fragile vessel,' the cause of man's fall at first,
and of his sin and nrsery ever since woman showed the
monk (to his naively-confessed surprise) that she could
dare, and suffer, and adore, as well as he."
You will have up-hill wort against the Legal,
the Clerical and the Medical Fraternity; They
arc all against you. They are the crutches with
which diseased, discordant" and disputant hu-
manity hobble through the world. One takes
your pursethe other your bodythe other
your soul.
The Devil Fish of Victor Hugo that enfolds
woman, can only be killed by The Revolu-
tion. Geoege-Francis Train.
MORE REVOLUTION
44 WHaT will you have, Madame ? said an apparently
urbane stationer to us the other day, as we entered bis
store to replenish our writing desk.
A ream of foolscap, please, and The Revolution.
4 The Revolution,' what is that? said our gentle-
man, elevating his eyebrows. Takjng it for granted that
he was really ignorant of the existence of the sheet, we
informed him who were its editorswhere it was pub-
lishedand what its particular mission. ,
Yes, Madame, I have heard of it;" this with a sig-
nificant nod and contemptuous grimace, and I have
never allowed it a place on my counter."
Indeed," said we. What particular fault have you to
find with the paper ? Have you ever examined it ? "
44 No mam ; and I never desire to It is enough for
me to know that its editors advocate Female Suffrage.
What business have women with the ballot ? What do
the majority of women know about politics any way ?
Now Madame, continued he, striking an attitucecal-
culated to impress a woman unacquainted with this par-
. ticular specimen of bam yard bantams, with an idea of
his importance1 What rights and privileges do you
suppose my wife desires more than she possesses ? The
position of wife, mother and housekeeper fully satisfies
her, and will continue do so unless some hifalutin
Cady Stanton or George Francis Train come along and
put it into her head that she is abused. Women are be-
coming too big for their clothes now-a-days."
That is so, sir;" said we, in as calm a tone as I
could assume. They are entirely outgrowing the old
garments of despotism 1 Women are waking up to the
necessity of education, moral, spiritual and political.
Women have been drudges, slaves, poppets, machines,
long enough ; now they claim the right as mothers to
legislate for their childrenas properly owners to hold
their own, or dispose of it as they see fit; as la-
borers to receive equal compensation with those of the
other sex ; in short, sir, Revolution has commenced ;
and the time is rapidly approaching when woman will
not only be allowed a voice in all mattersbut her opin-
ion sought after.
Not while I am alive, I hope, Madam ;" said he, in-
terrupting me; not while /am alive. You have been
in my store a good many times, Madame, and I never
could have been made, to believe that you were one of
those horrible Womans Rights advocates, if I had not
heard it from your own lips. "lamastonished?,k
I laughingly left him to his surprise, Confident (hat
the bone I tossed for his picking was by no manner of
means destitute of meat. I could not help but
myself what sort of husband this man was. If he
were kind and helpful; If he loved his wife and children ?
but mysteriously the home our imagination conjured up
was not the paradise we should like to have believed it,
b eeause long experience has taught us that cruelty is the
handmaid of ignorance; that domestic oppression ever
walks side by side with moral intolerance and social in-
justice ; and I determined to knock boldly at the door
of that house and judge for myself.
So, I sent a copy of 44 The Revolution to Mrs.
------,.wife of this bomastic stationer, with our compli-
ments, street and number. I do not claim, to have
any wonderful clairvoyant or prophetic ability, but that
I should receive a call from that lady I were as cer-
tain as that I have taken bath my ihis morning.
Sure enough 1 only a few days after, a wan, sweet-faced,
intelligent woman, looking as if every particlo of courage
and vim had been syatemaiically pumped out of her,
called at our sanctum. Well 1 we could fill every column
of this weeks paper if wo should attempt to give any-
thing like a narration of tbe misery that woman has en-
dured during fourteen years of married life* The
mother of five children, compelled to work like the
wife of the veriest pauperoftentimes late into the
night in ordr that her children may he decently clad
compelled to manage a large establishment, which it is
necessary to keep up for appearances sakecompelled to
give an account of every dollar, continually blamed for
extravagance, and threatened with smaller rations. And
then, to cap the climax of whose persecution and
diabolical treatment, to be perfectly aware that her hus-
band supports in luxury a mistress, whose every wish is
law, and with whom the greater part of his leisure is
spent. Sure enough 1 what privileges more than that
woman possesses does she desire? Ah I my dear
sir! The Revolution" compasses (hat knowledge;
and it is not our fault if your wife does not legally
free herself from such a wretch, and say to her God:
I will try it alone 1 Give me strength to retrieve
my lost womanhood! The degradation resulting from
a life of this description is too fearful to contemplate;
and what hut the knowledge that (here is nothing on
earth for a woman to do, whereby she can arn a respect-
able liviug for herself and darling?, deters thousands
from freedom? Talk about Southern slaves 1 We are
.glad they are emancipated, heaven knows; but slavery
never was confined to blacks. Our sewing girls are
slaves. The wives of our aristocrats are many of (hem
slaves, occupying positions more menial, more degraded
.than the fettered negro ever dreamed of. Now, we have
minced matters long enough. Society has winked at
evils it felt itself unable to remedy ; but the good work
is now inaugurated, and goes bravely on. Let us all
keep our eyes and ears open, making (he most of every
opportunity to penetrate the rotlen fabric, and unearth
the multitude of evils which women have borne because
they know no better, and teach (hem a practical solution
of their difficulties. You who have suffered, you who
are still suffering, look up. Ce no longer afraid to speak
the words of truth mid soberness. Pitch in right and
left with the sharp edge of free, earnest utterance.
When our soul grows sick with the misery of hope de-
ferred, when our heart aches, as it always has ached,
ever since we were old enongh to think, for poor fallen,
suffering woman, when distressed with some new social
aggravation which we are powerless to combat, we ask
our Father to show us the way out quickly, a loving
voice ever whispers, 44 Revolution," and we are com-
forted.
44 Imagination, is it ? Well; have your own way.
We know better. ***
WASHINGTON LETTER.
Washington, D. 0., May 9,1868.
In a former letter I stated that the male clerks in the
Government Departments have organized a lobby to
worry an appropriation through Congress increasing
their pay twenty per cent., with the special provision
that this shall not apply to female clerks." While this
general statement is true, as several gentlemen of the
Department are wroth thereat, it is due that the matter
should be further explained. It is claimed by these
gentlemen that the clause This shall not apply to fe-
male clerks was added as an amendment by the com-
mittee to which the bill was referred, through the influ-
ence of certain Congressmen who are endeavoring to
build up cheap reputations on the hobby of economy.
But if the clerks did not originate tbe proscriptive
clause, (hey cannot deny (hat they have accepted it and
are ipaking strenuous efforts to secure the passage of
the bill.
I have seen a Memorial to tbe Hon. the Senate
and House of Representatives in Congress assem-
bled," setting forth in a very able manner the
'arguments -in flavor of an increase of salary. This
memorial was prepared, in behalf of a committee
of clerks representing (ho several Bureaus of the
Treasury Department by Wm. D. OCoDnor, a man
of distinguished literary ability, and a well known
author, now correspondent clerk iu the Light House
Bureau. Every word of this eloquent argument in
favor of the proposed increase of salary applies gen-
erally to the women clerks. If, as the memorial states,
owing to the extravagant cost of living in this city,
clerks receiving $3,000 yearly must eat the bread ol
carefulness, and on $1,200 the bread of poverty," what
kind of bread must (he $000 women and her children
eat ? If it must cost a man 44 with a family of four per-
sons including himself $100 per month to live on the
simplest fare^ with two meals only per day," what de-
scription of fare and how many meals may the $900 wo-
man and her husband and family afford ? It is well known
that many of the women clerks support, not only chil-
dren but also disabled and invalid husbands. One of
whom I have heard, besides an aged husband, supports
an invalid daughter of his by a former marriage. She is
obliged to board in Alexandria, Va., as her $900 per
year does not permit her to pay the exorbitant rent in
Washington. It is but just to state that this memorial
of the clerks recognizes tbe fact that the cost of liviug
is as great for the women clerks as for the men, and re-
quests that the benefits of the proposed additional
twenty per cent, shall be applied also to (hem. But why
have they not insisted on this element of justice being in-
corporated in the bill ? It would have strengthened it
as justice always strengthens a cause, while the provision
This shall not apply to female clerks has v eakened
it and should cause its defeat.
A certain clerk in the Treasury Department, it is said,
is offended by the too faithful portrait drawn of him in
my letter of March 9th, in the character of young Very-
sopht. It must be distinctly underslood that these re-
marks were not intended to be personal. The distress
of young Verysopht on this occasion has a parallel in
the case of a conscience-stricken sinner, who, being un-
able to endure the faithful preaching of the gospel,
jumped up in-the middle of a sermon and vehemently
denied that he was ever guilty of. such sins as he had
just heard denounced, when the preacher had no more
reference to him, personally, than your correspondent
had to the young gentleman in question. It must not
be imagined that Verysopht is a fair specimen of .tho
average government clerks, though as'long as the
present system is continued of rewarding political
services by government patronage without rcfereuco to
fitness, such men will always he found in office. It is
well known that many public servants, men and women,
are competent, diligent and faithful, upon whose ca
pacity, fidelity and probity Ihe government depends for
the proper transaction of its stupendous business.
These men and women, moreover, perform not only
their own work, but also that of the incompetent and
often better paid persons who are described in tho char-
acter of Verysopht.
Nearly every Senator and Congressman acknowledges
the justice of womans plea for equal pay. Many of
them seem very earnestly in favor of opening the graded
clerkships to women on equal terms with men, and
some profess a determination to make an attempt in this
direction as soon as tho Impeachment trial is over. R.
E. Trowbridge, of Michigan, says,44 it is a perfect abomi-
nation and an outrage on common sense to pay a wo-
man less for the same work than the man by her side."
Mr. Sitgreaves, M. C. from New Jersey, thinks that44 wo-
men ought to have two-thirds; at least, of the clerkships
in the departments. Mr. Scofield, of Pennsylvania, says
(here is a tfomau now employed in the Treasury De-
partment, appointed on his recommendation, who
is said to bo worth more, as clerk, than any throo
men in the department. Her salary is less than one-half
the' highest salary paid a male clerk. And yet a hun-
dred thousand women yearly pay their tax into a treas-
ury which thus discounts the labor of their sex fifty per
cent. I Rich and free America festering a system of un-
paid womans labora system which among the mo-
thers and daughters of the land produces misery, want,
sickness and prosti tution.
Senator Morrill, of Maine, says44 it is a confounded shame
that women are not paid equally with men for the same
work. Orris Ferry, of Connecticut, thicks Intellectual
women ought to be paid for their brain work as much as
men," but in regard to a just payment of tho class of
women who are called the laboring-class, he, as well as a
number of others, has a great deal to say about the
law of supply and demand." They are willing to ac-
knowledge a right it is not in their power to withhold.
They cannot, if they would, prevent Mrs. Stowe receiv-
ing as much for a book as if she were a mam nor Rosa
Bonheur for her pictures, no. Harriet Hosmcr, nor
Vinnie Ream for* their statues. Mr. Broomall, of Penn-
sylvania, thinks tbe professions of teaching, preaching,
law and medicine arc equally suitable lor women and
men. His wife studied law, and he thinks she takos .
a pride in giving an opinion on legal matters."
Senator Conness, ol Caiforaia, though acknowledging
the right of woman to the ballot, cannot tee that its
possession will have any effect in improving her position
as regards labor and compensation, any further than the
agitation of the suffrage question by women may tend
remove the prejudices which enslave them. It may


310

make them willing to embrace new avenues of employ-
ment, heretofore occupied by men, in which they may
regulate their own pay. There is no doubt but this is
the 011'y way in which the perplexing question of sup-
ply and demand can be settled. Let women fit them-
selves to fill any position in life to which they may
aspire. Besides the professions already named, there
are many kinds of business well suited to women, for
instance, that of merchant, mechanic, printer, editor,
and, best of all, farmer. While the unnumbered and al-
most inexhaustible resources of this immense repub-
lican empire await development, if the strong men of
tho nation must monopolize sedentary business like
that in the Government Departments, let women who
desire employment buy land and cultivate it scientifi-
cally j lot them be miners, engineers, and inventors
{being careful always to lake out patents in their own
names). If they aro poor and friendless they will, of
course, find it a hard struggle with fate. The respect-
ability and morality (!) of Christendom will be against
them. If they undertake anything unfashionable they
need expect little sympathy from their own sex. Sen-
ator Conness is right, Women are enslaved by the
laws of fashion as well as by the laws of the land.
Obedience to these tyrannies and to the prejudices of
ages has all but destroyed the self-respect of women, as
well as deadened the consciences of men. Women
work all day for half pay, and then accept from the well
paid man as their just due, a seat in the crowded car
which gallantry compels him to offer. She is satis-
fied apparently to receive courtesy instead of jus-
tice, tho shadow for the substance. There is a class of
womenslaves who buy their chainsnarrow-minded
and conventional, destitute alike of originality of thought
and moral couragefrom whom no earnest v orfcing wo-
man need expect either material aid, moral support, or
even bare recognition. But there are others who have
learned to enlarge in some directions their spheres of
thought and action, who profess to be strong-minded
and are not so, who are as far from extending a helping
hand or word of encouragement to a sister woman as
tho most cringing slave who drags her train of satin,
after her through the mud, and says, I have all the
rights I want. When Mrs. Swishelm published, two
years ago, her bitter and unwomanly criticisms of Viu-
nie Beam, tho young artist, she lowered herself im-
measurably in the estimation of her best friends. These
criticisms wore full of, and based on, the most frivolous
slanders, possessing not a shadow of truth.
Vinnio Beam was formerly a clerk in the Post Office
Department, working for half pay, like the other women
clerks. until the inspiration of genius pointed out to
her a new path, rugged and thorny enough at first, 15ut
loading, it is to be hoped, to a bright future. By dint of
hard study and the most untiring industry she has suc-
ceeded in obtaining and deserving a name, and an ac-
knowledged position as an artist, despite the slanders of
Mrs. Swisshelm, and writers of that class, with whom her
youth, beauty, and attractiveness are her chief faults.
It would seem that they must consider any appreciation
which another woman receives as just so much ot houor
and fame detracted from themselves.
Evory demonstration of genius by a woman should be
hailed by her sisters with joy. Women should rejoice
at ovory-evidence that the slaveries of lashion and false
education have not entirely extinguished in her sex the
fire of genius. No true woman will cast the shadow of
an obstacle in the way of a toiling sister, and no woman
with any degree of self-respect will pander to that
vicious appetito for slander, which, like & hideous ulcer,
consumes the vitals of society. Julia Archibald.
Washington, May 11th, 1868.
Some weeks since I wrote you that the friends of
Equal Suffrage were about to make use*of the pending
revision of the government of the District to move Con-
gress and the people in favor of the enfranchisement of
the twenty-five thousand women of the District. The
good work has begun.' Two meetings have been held of
the Universal Franchise Association. Tho first was ad-
dressed by Mrs. Griffing, Prof. Will cox, J. H. Crane,
Miss LydiaS. Hall, Pi of. Wm. J. Wilson (colored) and
Dr. Wm. Boyd. The second was mainly an able and
eloquent lecture on the evils under which women suffer,
by Mrs. Wilhelm, M.D., & Spiritualist, of Philadelphia.
At tho first meeting resolutions were offered by Prof.
Willcox and unanimously adopted, protesting against
the continuance of the concentration of political power
in the hands of an aristocracy composed of one sex to
tho exclusion of tho other, as tending to social misery;
against a property qualification, as depriving of political
power those who need it most; and against tho propo-
sition pending in Congress to abolish elective govern-
ment in tho District, as tending te re-enact tho disfran-
chisement of women. A memorial drafted by him has
also been adopted, and a committee of twenty-two lead-
ing residents of the District has been chosen to present
it to Congress. A series of free discussions like those
in Worcester has al6o been inaugurated, with very good
results, of which I will give particulars hereafter.
To-day, Hod. Henry I). Washburn presented in the
House the petition of eighty women of the District,
praying Congress to proteot them from being debarred
the exercise of the right of suffrage, accompanied by a
bill which provides that from and after the passage of
this act no person shall be debarred from voting or hold-
ing office in the District of Columbia by reason of sex.
Both wore referred, under the rules, to the Committee on
the District. Many more petitions from within will follow
this first, and the committee of memorialists will urge
on the commitee of Congress, action in accordance with
the prayer of tho petitioners. Obsebver.
A MOTHER TO A DAUGHTER.
NO. V.
iN^criticising the present style of dress I have not yet
spoken of the light waist so generally worn, and which
terribly confines the organs of the chest.
A glance at a plate of the internal economy of our
frames will show that the stomach, liver, heart, lungs,
etc., are packed together as closely as they can be, and
external pressure only interferes with the discharge of
their duties. They are not only rendered inactive, thus
deranging the wondrous play of the living forces that
magnetize the brain, and give elasticity and enjoyment
to the anjmal life, but they are crowded out of place,
causing diseases without number, and untold misery in
future life.
I am happy to say that you have never yet worn a
tight waist or a corset, but it is the ambition of almost
every young miss to convert herself into a milliners lay
figure as aoon as possible. amine for yourself, she says; and sure enough, by
expelling every bit of breath from her poor, half-filled
lungs, you can insert two fingers next her contracted
ribs. Her waist of eighteen or nineteen inches span, is
sweetly sun-dial in shape, and as she minces along like
an elongated wasp, she little realizes that her lungs,
squeezed dry of air, canuot half vitalize her blood, that
her beait is forced to overaction, and her extremities
chilled and shrunken in consequence of feeble circula-
tion, and the organs of digestion displaced and weak-)'
ened. How little reserved strength she has to fall back
upon in the exigencies that arise in life! Poor blood
and a poor circulation produce a poorer brain, and a
starved, withered soul.
But, happily for our future, the number of girls is con-
stantly increasing who have been taught that every
mmole of the body needs daily exercise to produce that
change by which the worn-out, useless materials are
thrown out and fresh ones supplied with life-giving ele
ments sitting through every tiny capillary ; that every
organ demands proper working-room and its own proporl
tionof freshly oxygenated life-fluid. Then, with that en-
riched by well-digested food, the involuntary action of
the system shall be regular, and health follow as a natural
sequence.
In making & loose waist, it should never be long on
the shoulder. That prevents the free motion of the
arms. Let it fit sufficiently to define but not conceal
the figure, always following the outlines of the form.
Our clothing should invariably suit the place, age and
the occasion. Nothing seems more unseemly than to
see a variety of gandy colors on the streets. They are
liable to injury from the sun or weather, and it is any-
thing but modest to trick ones self out to attract atten-
tion, Above all, a young girl should discardfinery and
elaborate display. Her costume, youthful and fresh as
befits her years, needs few and unobtrusive ornaments
A young, sweet face, a frank and winning manner,
should throw dress into the back-ground, unless on spe-
cial occasions.
It is sad to see young girls aping world-worn women,
overloading the innocence of girlhood by trappings that
are first donned to conceal the ravages which empty
years and repinings always leave upon the face.
Jewelry should be sparingly used, and never in a
place where it is not necessary, as in a pin or brooch.
Earrings are but relics of barbarism. It may have
suited a Zenobia, clad in gorgeous eastern raiment and
tied to her conquerors chariot by chains of gold, to load
her ears with precious jewels, but it hardly suits a
maiden of the nineteenth century.
Nor would I have you discard bright colors and taste-
ful attire. On the contrary, it is your right to wear
whatever adorns but does not cumber your youthfulness.
In the golden glory of your opening life, take what you
need of the beautiful to yourself, only let it be chaste
and secondary to your form andfigure. But the sparkle
of your eye and the bloom of your cheek are far above
other ornaments. Be first careful that more ennobling
pursuits occupy their true place in your thoughts ; then
the shade of a ribbon or style of a dress will appear, as
it is, secondary to your amiability, your love of Truth
and diligence in seeking it.
The truths that most intimately concern us now, ore
in relation to our physical development, and of tho
spiritual through tho physical. For we are living ma-
chines, finely wrought and sensitive to all influences
that tamper with our working. Every part shows such ex-
quisite design and workmanship, and is so perfect in its
adaptation to every other part, that we are lost in ad-
miration of its design and execution, What a divine in-
telligence has adjusted all this intricate mechanism, and
how conscientious ought we to be in giving every part op -
portunify to discharge its natural function! Are we not
constantly taught to look through nature up to natures
God. Study any one organ, as the eye : observe its coat-
ings, its humors and its lens ; see the photograph that
lightstamps upon the retina, every color producing wave-
vibrations of ether of a different length from every
other color, and carrying a different sensation to the
brain, and you have one little instance that we are
fearfully and wonderfully made.
Imagination can conceive nothing finer or more beau-
tiful than every process that takes place in the human
economy. The body is the most perfect object of which
we have any knowledge, and its loveliest manifestation
is in woman. Her form is musical in its proportions and
in the flow of its outlines. But when we think of it as
penetrated and vivified by an immortal spirit, which
glows like a star in the brain, and sends its subtle mes-
sengers to every pore, by its telegraphic wires, the
nerves ; that this spirit is a spark of the Eternal Divine,
an embodying in form of the One Soul that broods over
all naturej then we feel inspired to make our lives more
and more in accord with the Divine Life. Then, no
more dwarfing and cramming and torturing 1 Let ns
reverence ourselves even in our bodies. They should
be temples of the Holy Ghost, to be kept pure and
sweet, as is meet for such a guest 1
The immoral doctrine that sickness is a dispensation
of Providence, to which we must blindly submit, is
vanishing with a thousand other superstitions. Our
Heavenly Father works through laws, unchangeable and
harmonious. Obey, and you receive the natural reward.
Disobey and punishment unfailingly follows. Ho works
in and through these laws and as far as wo get iu har-
mony with those principle's that rule the natural, mental
and moral domains, so far we are doing His will. And
we must be faithful and intelligent in making use of the
light that science casts upon the operations of elements
and forces.
Then, oh, maiden I fresh from the fount of all life and
being! in your form let grace and freedom be incarnated.
Let love, sweetru ss and purify sanctify the home of flesh
and blood and hone in which you dw ell. In your organic
nature you embody a higher possibility than is found in
any other form. To you it is given to be a perpetuator
of immortals! You need all the brain and heart you can
get,to work out the unsolved problem Cl a perfect wo-
manhood. You must express self-regulated freedom, in
a purify that shall shame to tingling silence all base de-
sires, and in a lovely, sisterly nature tl at reaches aliko
to the physically and the spiritually diseased, baptizing
them with the love that seeketh to bless and save.
The quenchless aspiration, the lofty endeavor, cannot
contain itself in a pinched conventional form. Tho
world, to-day, is suffering for women broad, large-
hearted and wise. .. h. m. h. f.
New Brunswick, N, J., May, 1868.
SOCIAL SURGERY.
SECOND ARTICLE.
In a former article under this head was stated one of
the first conditions from which prostitution could follow
as an easy and nearly natural result.
It would be au impossible task to attempt a statement
of tho circumstances which makes the transition from
one bad condition to a worse imperceptible till the cul-
mination is before us in the shape of some dreadful
calamity; and were it done in one instance, they could
not apply save by the merest chance to two lives.
Suffice to say that every incident is the result of all
that has preceded it, and that incident, however trifling,
becomes in its turn a cause whose ramifications, if evil,
spread out in all directions like the deadly Upas i And


this brings us back to the first proposition, namely:
That parents are to be blamed or praised as the case may
be for the lives of their 'Children. Before proceeding
farther, however, it seems necessary to state a fact,
which, lying like a dark back-ground behind all this,
serves to give prominence and repulsiveness to the
heart-sickening details, and deserves special notice for
the sake of the unborn. Are not children as likely to
inherit the moral as the physical features of parents ?
Impure parents then produce impure children ; and
nowhere is this ghastly fact more clearly stated than by
Dr. John O. Stone, in the Report of the Board of Health
ior 1867, page 300. He says : Their children are bom
diseased, wrinkled, covered with eruptions and affected
with a wheezing cough and catarrh; * every
part of the body is affectedthe skin, brain, eyes, throat,
nose, lungs and bones."
These outward indications are frightful enough, but
bow much more frightful to contemplate the necessarily
proportionate hideousness of the moral nature 1
This allusion is made in order to show the redoubled
efforts needful to control and modify the evils of parental
self-abuse, which, like a nemesis, is reproduced to them
in aggravated form by their children.
Such beings come into the world prepared to absorb
all the evii with which they come in contact, with no
power to resist the invasion save that imparted by care-
ful and judicious training. How great the number of
parents who fail in this all-important point is proved by
the fact that the first impression given by two children
out of every three, is that of neglected culture.
The majority of children possess, either by inheritance
or bad example, a sensualism out of all proportion to
other qualities of the mind, which developes by continued
abuse, into numerous diseases not social or confined to
one sex, the real names of which parents never hear
from their physician. But that result is seemingly so
remote from the true cause a9 to be overlooked, or if
suspected, woud he vehemently denied by pacents; the
more apparent result is to unfit the possessor for any
society save that which permits the greatest license to
the worst passions. Girls bom with this pre-disposi-
tion or even without it, are prone to forwardness ; and
the girl who is guilty of an immodest act, however
slight, has taken the first step toward shamelessness.
She may go no farther than that, she may remain inv
modest and not become immoral, but she will owe her
escape to accident rather than design, for sediiction
would be easy of accomplishment to the man ior whom
the act was committed. If such girls could hear the dis-
gusting boasts, or scathing remarks made by the very
ones who smile encouragement,, a reprimand would he
superfluous. A girls character is as susceptible of
blemish as the soft velvety down of a ripe peach which
shows the impress of the lightest finger-toucb, and so,
a question raised as to the strict propriety of her con-
duct is a taint which exposes her to the advances of the
libertine.
Weak-brained mothers think they have accomplished
a coup de grace in the way of extenuation for overt acts
in children by saying, they are so innocent! they
know no better," when in reality they are pronounc-
ing a just but most damning evidence against themselves;
a oonfession in short of their own unwarrantable neglect
or ignorance.
There is harm in every act which can lead to harm,
and wise parents will make that principle the basis of
their government; they should also hasten to forestall
the invidious poison of possible evil associates by im-
parting information unreservedly, coupled with wise
counsel, upon all subjects of curiosity. The day for
mystery with children, or tho possibility of keeping
them babes in mind till they reach the stature of ma-
turity, has long since paesed (if it ever existed), and, if'
they are driven from home to gleam the knowledge
which parents taboo, they are sure to gather a larger
percentage of evil than actually belong to the facts, by
bad example.
A modest bearing and unblemished reputation, even if
it be the outgrowth of precocity, is far more valuable to
a girl than the innocence of ignorance which exhibits
itself in vulgarity and rudeness ; acts which are .seldom
attributed to the true cause,
If I seem to deal absbfictly with this vital question,
there is full justification In the tact that first causes can
hero is full justification in the fact that first causes can
scarcely be overestimated. s. f. a
One More [Ur] fortunate.Mrs. Jane
Clark, of South Deerfield, Mass., who was sent
to the insane asylum at Northampton by her
husband, last week, has been taken in charge
by her friends, the case having come to trial*
and she proved not to harre been insane.

311
WOMAN AN INVENTOR
ARTICLE H.
SILK invented by a woman.GAUZE, straw braiding,
ETC., ETC.
While this article was in course of preparation, the
Report to the the Department of State on Silk and Silk
Manufactures, made by the United States Commissioner
to (he Pans Exposition was brought into my house. I
was glad to find that justice to the inventive genius of
woman had been done in that report by giving her the
meed of notice her due as the inventor of silk fabrics,
but there are points not mentioned by Mr. Codwin upon
which I wish to touch.
In the theory of political economy propounded by a
Frenchman a few years ago, he mentioned that only
those who brought into use the properties of nature
contained in the animal, vegetable and mineral king-
doms, would be considered as the increasers of wealth
in the community. The mere salesmen or hands
through which these useful commodities passed, he
called non-producers.
It is easy for us to see. that the community which, un-
der enlightened direction, by means of labor-saving ma-
chinery like the cotton gin, or by a method of making
some heretofore valueless product into a widely useful
material, as silk, has within itself an element of success
which, if pursued, cannot fail to give it a high place
among nations, and by its wide-spread diffusion into
other countries have great influence in elevating the
whole world.
Since the invention of silken fabrics by the Chinese
Empress, Si-ling-chi, between three and four thousand
years ago, silk has stood next to rice in causing the un-
paralleled prosperity of Chinaa country which has no
public debt, and which supports a surprisingly numer-
ous population. Even at the present time, silk furnishes
material for more than half the clothing of that great
empire, where cotton was unknown till within about
eight hundred years, and where, had it not been for the
fortunate invention of the former, poverty and suffering
would long since have blotted the nation from exist-
ence.
After the introduction of silk to the notice of the Eu-
ropeans, during, the reign of Alexander the Great, it
formed a great article of commerce between'China and
many European nations, and caravans laden with the
fabric were accompanied by armed escorts.
Aristotle is one of the first European writers to men-
tion it. It was then called Ser, from the portion of
China where it originated, and from whence Pliny says,
the Roman ladies received their vertes serica.
Not long after Ser was introduced into Europe it was,
Penelope like, unwoven by Pamphila, a woman of the
island of Coz, and re-manufactured by her into a trans-
parent fabric known to the Roman ladies as coa vertis,
and to moderns as coan. Here we have the invention
of silk gauze. Coan and decar, one of silk and the
other of cotton, were the two most diaphanous fabrics
manufactured by ancient nations, and so fine and trans-
parent were they that each in turn was known as the
woven wind." Yet as transparent as was coan, it was
firm enough to tfilse beautiful colors and to be adorned
with embroidery and threads of gold.
So sensible were the Chinese of the benefit accruing
to their empire by tbe invention of silk that the Si-ling-
chi was deified under the name of Sien Trham, or first
promoter of silk industry, and the later Empresses sa-
crifice to her memory. As the Emperor annually holds
the plow, by his example to dignify labor and promote
the cultivation 6f the soil, upon one of the products by
which (rice) the prosperity of his empire so much de-
pends, so for the same cause does the Empress annually
visit the broods of silk-worms, and by her personal in-
terest and inspection, encourage industry, and promote
attention* to that other staple, upon which, almost
equally with rice, the stability of (he empire rests.
Not only bas China been so materially benefitted by
the invention of silk, but within the last few hundred
years, Italy, France, Spain, Eugland and other nations
have derived an immense revenue from its manufacture.
More than thirty years ago, the estimated yearly profit
of France upon silk, was more than $7,000,000, and in
Mr. Codwins report the value of ihe raw material now
produced in that country is estimated at $25,600,000.
The revenue of a country is the life-blood of the state
which circulates through its whole machinery during
both peace and war, and enables it to execute vast works
of national improvement, to encourage industry, to pro-
mote the arts, to maintain an educational fund, and in
various ways contribute to the prosperity of the people.
Our country, with its largo boundary, varied climate,
mmenee water power, and uncounted mineral wealth,
will soon stand foremost in the world as a manufacturing
country.
We learn from the report on the eighth census, that
the products of manufacture between 1850 and I860 in-
creased at ihe rate of eighty-six per cent., or ab
double to the increase in the productions of agriculture.
Still, in a very great measure one is dependent upon tho
other, and especially does the increase of agricultural
products depend upon mechanical inventions. The in-
crease of population itself, does not exert equal influence
on the cultivation of the soil with a new and important
invention, although Gibbon says that the Romans af-
firmed that with the improvement of arte, the human
species was visibly multiplied.
The straw business of this country is a rapidly in-
creasing one. This fact cannot fail to impress itself
upon the mind of every person who notices the varied
styles ol hats both for men and women, the frequent
changes and the almost absolute universality with which,
in some form, they are worn. The first straw bonnet
manufactured in the United States was braided in 1708
by Miss BeteyMetcalf, of Providence, B. I. The imported
Dunstables, at that time the chief wear, were costly ;
Miss Metcalf saw one in a store in Providence, and car-
rying the pattern home in her eye, sat down to produce
a similar one. This was the first step towards a great
branch of industry which increased so rapidly that in
1810, only twelve years after Miss Metcalf made her
bonnet, the estimated value of straw bonnets manufac-
tured in Massachusetts alone was $351,088, or over half
a million of dollars added to the wealth of one State
alone by the genius of woman.
Massachusetts now employs ten thousand (10,000) per-
sons in the businoss, and produces six million (6,000,000)
hats and bonnets annually.
A great deal of straw braid is also manufactured in
Pennsylvania. Philadelphia alone has a business in it
estimated at $600,000, or $350,000 for hats and $250,000
for bonnets:
A fac-siraile of the original bonnet made by Mrs.
Baker, nee Metcalf, is preserved in the collection of the
Rhode Island Society for the Encouragement of Domes-
tic Industry.
A hat made from the long leaves of the Southern pine
was exhibited at the fair of the American Institute, in
1850, by a Miss Hudson, of Long Island, and received high
commendation from the Institute from its capability of
being made another valuable branch of domestic manu -
facture.
In the language of another, the social and political
relations of man are mainly formed and contrcled
through the influence of industry applied to the pro-
duction of material wealth. * Tho degree of in-
fluence exerted by a particular product can only be ap-
preciated by a consideration of all its relations, includ-
ing a knowledge of a dependence upon each other of the
different branches of industry and production."
In this present article Lhave endeavored to show the
bearing the manufacture of silk has had upon the per-
manence of a magnificent empire, and tbe influence it
exerts upon the material prosperity of many others. In
my previous article I spoke of the immense benefit to
the manufacturing interests of the country the cotton
gin has proved, increasing not only the wealth of indivi-
dual, but the revenue of the country many hundred
fold. Tho recent repeal of the tax on the raw material
has taken from the revenue eighty millions of dollars
annually.
There is scarcely a child that needs to he taught tho
great influence cotton has had, not only on the social,
but on the political status of our country.
These two inventions by women, silk and the cotton
gin, have done much to build up the State, to define so-
cial and political position and to further the interests of
mankind, and no brain is so prophetic, no eye so far-
seeing, as yet to discern when their influence shall
cease. AI. E. Joslyn Gage.
P. S.In my former letter, you made me say * North-
ern Statos were languishing," instead of Southern.
Consultation with Female Medical Prvcti-
txonehs.At the meeting of the National Medical Asso-
ciation at Washington last week the Committee ou
Modical Ethics made a report on the question of consul-
tation with female practitioners, wli-cli lies over lor
action and closes as follows :
Resolved, That the question of sex has never been
considered by this association in connection with <.on-
saltations emong medical practitioners, and that in the
opinion of this meeting every member of this body has
a perfect right to consult with any one who presents the
only presumptive evidence of professional abilities and
acquirements required by this association, viz.: aregu
a.1 medical education J*


312
ft* - ;
CIlf Ill'llIiliitiiiII.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTOIf,!
PARKER PILLSBURY, / ^tutors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, MAY 21, 1868.
I EE LAST REPUBLICAN LAMP EAS
GONE OUT.
Andrew Johnson is acquitted, and the moral
and material world revolve precisely as before,
precisely as they would have done had he been
convicted. Republicans elected Andrew John-
son for party success ; they impeached him for
party success ; and since the day the sceptre of
power came into their hands, they have worked
for party success ratherjthan the nation's life.
While they have deceived the people with the
cry of constitutional amendments, loyalty, negro
suffrage, impeachment, they have shown them- '
selves disloyal to the grand principles of our
government, by their attempts to drag down the
Federal Constitution to their low platform; to
force negro suffrage on the South while repu-
diating it in the Northern states ; and after
proving the President guilty of high crimes and
misdemeanors, strangling impeachment with
their own hands.
And now the handwriting on the wall warns
them that they are weighedintke balance and
found wanting. The republican party stands
to-day with its ranks broken, divided, distracted,
blasted and the sceptre of power has passed from
it forever. But this is no cause of sorrow, for the
sooner this party is scattered to the four winds of
heaven, the sooner will the scales fall from tho
eyes of the people, and they will see that their
rulers have been but blind leaders of the blind.
God, in liis wisdom, has given the American peo-
ple the problem of self-government to solve on
this continent. In the history of the long past ;
in the wreck of all the nations that have lived
upon the globe; and in our own experience in the
last' century, we see that equality is the vital
element of national life: that no government
is worth the loss of one drop of blood, or
ounce of gold, that does not secure to every
citizen, black and white, male and female, life-,
liberty and happiness.
Jeremy Bentham says, the people cannot be
too distrustful of their rulers. When the Ame-
rican people learn that men and parties are.
nothing unless based on principle, and that
whether under a republican or. democratic dy-
nasty, we have the same results, they will
awake to the responsibility of self-government.
As we turn over the pages of history we-can
see how other nations, groaning under taxation,
ignorance, and poverty, have been deluded,
blinded and destroyed, without dreaming that
we, ourselves, are to-day the thoughtless vic-
tims of selfish and crafty rulers who think only
of their own aggrandizement. Just as Rome,
with fetes and feasts, with holidays and deadly
combats between man and beast,, with gladia-
torial exhibitions in crowded amphitheatres,
turned the peoples thought from their own
Wrongs, so do our rulers to-day, with caucuses,
conventions, campaigns, impeachment trials and
the coarse brutality of the press and politicians
amuse the people, degrade the public taste, and
destroy the virtue of the nation. Unthinking
leaders inflame the North against all rebeldom,
and damn every man who dares put in a plea
for justice and mercy to the South, with the un-
meaning name of copperhead. To rouse the
people's wrath they point them to the bones of
their brave sires and sons bleaching on all those
southern plains, forgetting that with th6ir own
hands they built that sepulchre where our brave
dead now sleep. The chain that held the black
boy in the everglades of Florida and the slave
girl in a New Orleans market was fastened
round th daughters. Through' our avarice and selfish-
ness the land of orange groves and flowers lies
bleeding and desolate to-day. Blame not the
South, but our own constitutions, creeds, and
codes. We are now all alike suffering the just
retributions of violated law. The South sent
us her sons and daughters to train in our col-
leges and schools, but we loved cotton better
than their children's souls, and hid from them
the truth of God. We even .taught our chil-
dren with bated breath to lisp the name
of Liberty to them. We sent them books
with ail the truths they needed most
struck out. We sent them ministers to j*
preach God's word, and they with shameless
haste prostituted themselves, the Bible, God
and humanity before the idol slavery. At last
our own falsehood to principle brought war and
death, When, mid the storm and the whirl-
wind, tho lightnings flash revealed emancipa-
tion in silver lines on the dark clouds above us,
we inscribed it on our banners and victory was
ours. Above the din of arms, the cannons
roar, the wailing of mothers for their first born
arose soft and clear, to those who had ears to
hear, tho divine symphony all men are created
equal. Had we. then written in our constitu-
tions the idea we had twice baptized in blood,
universal sueerage would have been the
crowning proclamation securing peace and
pro sperity to the whole people.
But while we ended with tho sword a slavery
of brute force, and overturned the Southern
obligarchy, by cunning legislation, we have
substituted another form of slavery, in our
new system of finance. In our national debt
and taxation, we have placed the whole labor of
the country at the mercy of a monied aristo-
cracy of banks, bondholders, and land mono-
polists. Having just escaped from the yoke of
400,000 slaveholders, we are about to bow our
necks to the yoke of 400,000 bondholders.
Flushed with conquest, these High Art Swin-
dlers have bought upthe nations virtue and
choked our prophets who have dared to speak.
The few who have struck the key note of re-
construction in universal suffrage and univer-
sal amnesty have been silenced or condemned.
Abraham Lincoln saw that this was the true
policy and counselled it in private. But he was
influenced by those who misjudged the signs of
the times, and for the success of his party and
his own re-election, h^ yielded to weak coun-
sellors, and fell by the hand of the assassin.
Whosoever would save bis life shall lose it.
Horace Greeley with the suffering and humil-
iation of the South, as well as the guilt and
selfishness of the North before him, declared
Universal Suffrage and universal amnesty to
be the true basis of reconstruction four years
ago. But not being ready for martyrdom, a tew
cracks of the party whip brought him into line.
Henry Ward Beecher uttered the same policy
in that able letter which called down upon him
the nations scorn and denunciation, for which
he was slabbed by the friends of his own house-
hold. He has been the one leading man in the
nation who, in all his public speeches, has de-
manded universal suffrage in the reconstruction.
The success or defeat of the republican party,
the acquittal or conviction of Andrew Johnson
are of little consequence at this hour ; but what
shall be the basis of our government is the
solemn question for the American people to set-
now, and forever.
Let the republican party, in its last hours, *doi
works meet for repentance.
Let Congress now secure a republican form of.'
government to every state in the Union,and begin,
by so amending the District of Columbia Suffrage
hill, as to place the ballot in the hand of every citi
zen, male and female, and thus try the first ex-
periment of self-goverment that the world has
seen, where the American flag floats from the
dome of its national Capitol.
We say to-day, as we have said ever since the
close of the war, Universal Suffrage and Uni-
versal Amnesty is the true basis of reconstruc-
tion. e. c. s.
-
ENFRAA GEISEMENT IN TEE DISTRICT-
To thefriends of Equal Rights:
The whole government of the District of Columbia,
is to be revised by Congress, in consequence of the ex-
piration of local charters, within the next nine months,
A rare opportunity is thus .afforded to bring the enfran-
chisement of woman to the attention of Congress and
the country. We urge you to send in. petitions aa fiat
as possible, with as many signatures as yon can obtain).
They should be sent to Mrs. Josephine S. Grilling,. 304
North Capitol street, or to Prof. J. K. H. Willcox, Ehbitt.
House, Washington, D. C., who will acknowledge their
receipt and attend to their presentation.
POEM OP PETITION.
(It is recommended that womens names appear om
separate lists.!
To the Senate and Home of Representatives of the United',
States in Congress Assembled :
The undersigned-------, of the-----of------, in the:
State of-----, respectfully petition, that in your revision-
of the government of the District of Columbia, you will!
protect the women of the District from being debarred:
the exercise of their right^of suffrage. )
OFFICIAL- CORRUPTION.
Incapacity, neglect of the public interests,,
and venality and corruption, characterize to an
alarming degree the office-holders of the coun-
try, mid particularly those charged with the
performance of legislative duties. To such an
extent do roguery and jobbery, peculation and
bribery permeate our national and many of our
state capitols, as well as the Council Boards of
some of our large cities, that we are rapidly,
reaching a period when to be a member of either
will afford as. strong a presumption of guilt and
be regarded as about as damaging to one's repu-
tation, as to be found within the walls of a peni-
tentiary. Even now there are thousands of
persons in the state of New York, and thousands
in this city, who would deem it as dark a stain
upon tbeir characters to be elected an Assem-
blyman or an Alderman, as they would to he
arraigned in the Court of Sessions for picking
a pocket, or stealing a horse.
The charges of bribery and corruption hurled
from all quarters against Congress, the Legis-
latures of New York, Pennsylvania, and New
Jersey, and the Common Councils of this city
and Philadelphia, and which everybody believes,
and which the implicated parties do not even
take the trouble to deny, prove that political
virtue in our country is rapidly becoming an
obsolete phrase. Leading members of Congress
rise in their places' and charge each other with
venal practices ttiafr would make a burglar



313
blush; they write letters to the public journals
denouncing one another for infamous crimes ; >
they utter their allegations- in their own hall
under the guise of personal explanations,
and there, in the presence of the people, they
place upon the enduring records of the nation,
speeches that would disgrace the veriest drabs
that ever cursed in a fish market, the whole
House cheering on. the wranglers with shouts of
laughter, and entertaining with the keenest
zest the fiual proposal of the most vulgar of the
disputants, that they adjourn and take a
drink at his expense. Gentlemen of the House
of Representatives: You do not expel such
members from your hall; but be it known to
you that common decency spews them out of
its mouth. Steal from the treasury if you must;
your constituents expect you to do that; but
they entreat you, in your official intercourse
with each other, to exhibit that honorable bear-
ing which proverbially prevails among thieves.
The legislatures of New York and Pennsyl-
vania have for many years been regarded as
mere mines for jobbery and rascality to enrich
themselves in. Perhaps the most corrupt body
that ever existed annually meets at Albany. Its
members have become shameless in their in-
famy. They will pocket the wages of iniquity
and smile, while some indignant spectator at
their elbows 'is denouncing them as robbers-
If liai'd pressed by public clamor, they will ap-
point a committee to investigate the charges,
and will select some sly scoundrel for chairman,
with a set of colleagues of like type* who, in
due time, will bring in a verdict of not guilty,
whereat the lobby leers and jeers, while the pub-
lic averts its head with shame and disgust, the
thieves after this short respite, working their
placers with renewed vigor.
The quarrel between Vanderbilt and Drew af
forded unusual largasses to the men of thieving
propensities at our state capitol. It has been
openly alleged that certain senators and assem-
blymen received thousands of dollars for their
votes on the one side and the other of that con-
troversy ; and nobody doubts it. It is notori-
ous that no bill which affects the interests of
private persons, or corporations, j>x municipali-
tiesno measure, in fact, which is not strictly
of a public nature, can be passed without the
expenditure of money, and in some instances
the amount exacted is ruinously large, render-
ing it extremely onerous to procure the passage
of any private act, and almost impossible to get
any important measure through unless its pro-
moters can afford to bleed freely. This 1 >rew-
Vanderbilt imbroglio has also given occasion to
much scandal respecting our courts of justice.
It is asserted that bribery soils the ermine. The
mere fact that the bar of this city gives lull
credence to the assertion, shows the extent to
which this evil has reached.
The common council of New York long ago
won from those who affect the nomenclature of
the theatre, the cognomen of The Forty
Thieves, while those who perpetrate puns call
them the Common Scoundrels. So rare has it
become to find an honest man in either branch
of this notorious body, that when one is discov-
ered he is regarded like {he fly in the amber
something obviously out of place. The members
of this board, as well as of the Board of Super-
visors in this city, have the control of many
millions of the public money. That they reck-
lessly waste much of it upon needless jobs, that
they scatter much among hungry favorites,-
that they corruptly line their own pockets with
hundreds of thousands annually, nobody even
affects to question.
As a necessary appendage to these villainous i
practices, holding to them the anomalous re-
lation of both parent and offspring, is that
hydra of iniquity, the lobby. Lobbying at Al-
bany, at Harrisburg, at Trenton, at Boston, at
Washington, has become a regular profession.
Men of education and of wealth, of social dis-
tinction and courtly manners, in common with
adventurers, gamblers and prostitutes, pursue
no other avocation. They are the^go-betweens,
the stakeholders, the common agents, of both
the contracting parties in venal legislation.
They take the money of the promoters of plun-
dering projects, and according to agreement
pay a portion to the officials for their votes and
pocket the remainder for their own services.
But we need not dwell upon facts, as humiliat-
ing as they are notorious, nor multiply examples
to prove what everybody admits to be. true.
Is there no cure for this virus, which perme-
ates every part of the body politic, poisoning
its life currents, palsying its vital functions,
and threatening it with premature decay and
ultimate death? Shall that great mass of the
people who neither seek nor hold office, cower
in the presence of this national crime, and fold
their hands in mute despair, hopeless alike of
' retribution or reform ? What shall be done,
what can b done, to stay the tide which is
slowly but surely sweeping away public virtue
and undermining our Republican form of gov-
ernment? Penalties, whether prescribed by
constitutions or by statutes, do not meet the
exigency ; for, they are for the most part
framed by the very men whom they are designed
to detect and punish. So constructed as to be
easily evaded, they have thus tar proved os in-
effectual as the snare which is set in the face of
the bird it would enmesh.
One step towards a remedy we will venture
to suggest, and ask that it be carefully con-
sidered before it is rejected. The country is
befouled by rulers who are the offspring of the
caucus. It is through its incubating processes
that base men axe thrust into high positions,
and small men into large places, enabling
Brown, Smith and Jones to crowd some slippery
rogue or subservient nonentity down the throats
of twenty thousand voters, by calling it regu-
lar, and according to the usages of the
party. We must repudiate the nominations of
the caucus, for it is in its fetid chambers that
insignificant and corrupt candidates have their
birth. We must elevate the intellectual and
moral standard of fitness for responsible posi-
tions. When political parties put simpletons
or villains, or even mild mediocrity and average
political honesty, in nomination for stations
requiring brains, culture and stainless integrity
to discharge their duties, the parties must be
laughed to scorn and their favorites consigned
to ignominious defeat. If candidates for im-
portant posts be either unknown or too well
known, that mere fact should be deemed suffi-
cient for driving them from the field in order to
make room for men whose talents, whose vir-
tues, whose achievements, whose very names
even, furnish their passport to public confi-
dence and favor. We must resist the tyranny
of partisan organizations, and encourage po-
litical independence. Repudiating the ill-
shaped and diseased offspring of party conven-
tions. We must encourage candidates to nomi-
nate themselves, and promote popular requisi-
tions upon eminent citizens for the use of their
names for places of trust and power..
The plan we have suggested is far from meet-
ing the entire exigencies of the evil under con-
sideration. We propose it only as one step to-
wards the- goal of reform, one plank towards
the erection of that dyke which alone can beat
back the waves of official curruption that are
threatening to sweep away civic virtue and un-
dermine democratic institutions.
TEE VOTE OF TEE STURGIS WOMEN.
Things which are important at all are more
important than they seem. A human life that
is "truly life, has ever one history too deep to be
written. No poetry ever could sound its mys-
teries. The world longs to know wbat Jesus
was as youth, apprentice, carpenter and private
gentleman. All the gospels and epistles fail to
show these. But were all these revealed with
Boswellian fidelity, the biography would still be
incomplete.
A sudden death is pronounced by coroners
inquest, disease of the heart. But there are
other diseases of the heart, about which juries
are not called to inquire. Death by them is not
sudden, and so is not mysterious; and so no
coroner is called. It is natural death, the
world holds, and there leaves it.
All history, biography, obituary and tomb-
stones should be read as well between, as in the
lines. He is no student who knows not this.
The crest on the billow is most conspicuous,
though only innocent froth and foam. Then
there is the thundering billow itself; but in the
silent undertow, all unseen, unsuspected, is
often a power and peril greater than all the
ocean beside. John Brown, at Harpers Ferry,
was the mirth and mockery of mankind. But
Harpers Ferry was the keyhole to the slaves
prison, and his conscience and courage were
the key. He unlocked the bastile, and chattel
slavery was no more.
Emigration to this country is more than nu-
merical additions to the census. We see only
men and women as trees, walking. But by it
the tree of American population is grafted, in-
noculated from all the growths of the world,
giving as-a result a possible tree of life ; a na-
tional immortality, all the bloods of all the
nations contributing thereto. The very pollu-
tions of slavery paid the tribute of African
blood, the antipodal current of the Saxon, the
needful neutralizing of its frozen ruggedness. -
So that when Henry Clay predicted the extinc-
tion of slavery, by the inevitable law of popu-
lation, he spoke better than he knew. They
mercilessly robbed the slaves of all their pos-
sible, conceivable rights. Had there been more
they would not have been spared to them. But
when, by unhallowed lust and concubinage, the
masters stole their color, the inevitable law of
population transferred it to their own, until, in
the South, none knew certainly his own color
or that of his neighbor.
And thus slavery and emigration are making
of us at length a people indeed of one blood,
dipped from the veins of all the nations on the
globe ; making more pertinent than ever the de-
claration that all are created equal, and endowed
with the same inalienable rights.
- But it is time to go back to Michigan and the
hundred and twenty brave women of Sturgis.
Scarcely has a more auspicious event transpired
in a century than was their appearance at the
polls. In number, they were a hundred and
twenty. When Christianity took the first ac-
count of stock, after the departure of its il-
lustrious founder, the number of the names
together were about a hundred and twenty.*
But what angelic arithmetic can compute the


314 JUMlttUflitt. \
________________________________________* ____ /
result that flowed from the consecrations of that
hour ? They were obscure persons, those hun-
dred and twenty. Many of them were women.
They believed in one who had just died as a
malefactor, the most ignominious of all deaths.
But the virtue of the victim set the very cross
on fire, and kindling the souls of that hundred
and twenty, it beams through them and their
successors down through the ages, and shall
shine on lorever.
They were consecrated and commissioned to
a sacred work. But not more sacred than the
act of the women of Sturgis. Drunkenness,
like a dragon, was devouring their sons. The
fathers could not rescue them, more than the
priest of Apollo, wrestling feebly with the ser-
pent that tied him and his sons in terrible coils.
Wisely they invoked the aid of woman. A hun-
dred and twenty hastened to the encounter, and
a hundred and fourteen smote him with their
solemn protest, in the name of purity, human-
ity and God. Well did Bishop Simpson elo-
quently say, You may get men to trifle with
purity, virtue and righteousness, but, I thank
God, not the women! The hearts- of our
mothers, wives and daughters are too pure to
compromise with iutemperance or licentious-
ness. And I believe these great vices will not
bo driven from our land till the ballot is put in
the hands of woman.
And the government itself needs the new
element of woman- as the nation needs the
fresh blood of emigration. In vegetation as
well as throughout the ainmal kingdom, the law
of sox is universal and irrepealable. It is even
held that the same principle extends through
the vast mineral domain, as well; and more,
that all the planets and orbs that swing in il-
limitable space are as really male and female as
are men and women. Be all this as it may, in
the realm of morals and spirit, the sublime
problem admits of no doubt. There, inevit-
ably, it is not good that male should .be alone.
Nay it is infinitely bad, that it should be alone.
All the faith and grace of religion itself could
not preserve a church made up of male mem-
bership and ministry altogether. A church
so constituted would soon rot down to a habi-
tation of devils ; a hold of every foul spirit;
and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird!
Why is it that the Roman Catholic church sur-
vives all religions, has outlived all governments
existing at its formation? She saw the com-
mencement of all the governments now exist-
ing, and all the ecclesiastical establishments,
and there is, perhaps, but too good reason to
believe she will see the end of them all. In
two modes the female element is part of the
wondrous power of that church and accounts
for its longevity and might, even give itimmor-
taiity ; one is of course the worship of the Vir-
gin Mary. God, as Father, and as Son, and as
Holy Ghost, might inspire reverence and dread
only, in hearts that, at the shrine of the ever
blessed Mary, Mother of God, would kindle
into humble, holy and lasting love..
Frances Power Cobbe, though deprecating
the doctrine, says of it, The Catholic world
has found a great truth, that love, motherly
tenderness and pity is a divine and holy thing,
worthy of adoration. What does this wide-
spread sentiment regarding this new divinity in-
dicate? It can surely only point to the fact
that there was something lacking in the elder
creed, which, as time went on, became a more
and more sensible deficiency, till at last the in-
stinct of the multitude filled it up in this amaz-
ing manner.
The second element of female energy in that
church is in the place and work assigned to
woman. She calls devout women to spiritual
functions, dignities, and even magistracies. In
England or America, if a pious and benevolent
woman enters the cells of a prison to pray with
the most unhappy and degraded of her sex,.
she does so without any authority from the
church. Indeed, the Protestant church places
the ban of its reprobation on any such irregu-
larity. AtRome, as Lord Mafraulaj said,
the Countess of Huntington would have a
place in the Calendar at St. Selina, and Mrs.
Fry would be Foundress aud First Superior of
the Blessed Order of Sisters of the Jails.
Were governments as wise as the Roman Ca-
tholic church, the past and present mortality
of nations need not be. The first social sen-
tence known in history was, God saw that it
was not good for man to be alone. Who
doubts its divine inspiration ?
Those Sturgis women led the forlorn hope
in our* struggle for national restoration and sal-
vation. The event should be celebrated as
another Fourth of July. The glorious results
of that (in itself) little transaction are known
only to Omniscience^ Highly favored are they
among women. Let them appreciate them-
selves the magnitude of that single performance,
and let it be the beginning of a noble and
righteous conflict for justice, purity, peace and
liberty.
How knowest thou what argument,
Thy deed to thy neighbor's creed hath, lent ?
P. P.
ADVICE TO TEE STBONG-MIEDED.
In the May number of the Public Spirit, a
new monthly for the million, Mr. Croly, one of
the editors of the World, addresses a letter to
us on the question of Womans Rights. He
clearly sees that a new era is dawning on the
world, and that a new type of womanhood is
inevitable, and fully agrees with us in the
opinion that woman has a public as well as a
private work. It is in the main a good letter.
The writer evidently intends to treat the ques-
tion fairly and with seriousness, and to present
bhe real difficulties as they strike his own mind.
He discusses his main points under the follow-
ing heads:
1. The tendency of the age is to extend to women
equal rights with men in political discussion, in educa-
tion and employment.
2. This recognition of the rights of women is accom-
panied by a decline in the manifestation of respect and
deference, and in the duty of p^tection, which has here-
tofore been paid to women by men.
3. The period of transition is, and will be, marked by
great changes in the existing relations of the sexes.
The assertion by women of equal rights with men, will
lead to disagreements between the sexes, to frequent di-
vorces of husbands and wives, and to a great increase of
enforced celibacy. Nothing is more certain than that,
for the next ten or fifteen years, there will be a larger
number of separations of husbands and wives, and a
greater reluctance to enter into the marriage state, than
. during the same period immediately preceding.
Under the first head Mr. Croly says whether
the new condition of things will give ns a
better or worse type of womanhood than we
have at present, it is idle to discuss, the future
will .tell its own story but it is evident from
what follows that he looks forward with fearful
forebodings, for breakers ahead. The present
type of womanhood is surely not so complete,
that we need fear to make a change ; and as the
march of civilization is ever onward and the
raoe is growing wiser and better, our institu-
tions and governments more humane; wrong,
oppressions, cruelties, being rebuked and modi-
fied on all sides, it is fair to suppose that woman
will keep step with all creation, and not prove
an exception to the general rule. The exten-
sion of the suffrage is clearly the great idea of
the century, agitating the leading minds alike
in the old world and the new. As we look over
the history of the past, it needs but little ob-
servation to see that just in proportion as this
right has been extended, the condition of the
masses has been improved, increasing the self-
respect of the newly enfranchised classes, and
securing to them an added respect and consid-
eration from their rulers. Reasoning from an-
alogy, as enfranchisement has made man wiser,
better, richer, opening to him greater advan-
cantages of education and broader spheres for
labor, it is fair to suppose that like causes woxild
produce like effects on woman also. No one
doubts that Mr. Croly has more self-respect to-
day, and commands more respect from his fel-
low-men, with the ballot in his hand, than he
would if he belonged to a disfr anchised class,
for the ballot is a kind of political thermometer
giving an exact guage of the status of the
citizen.
In regard to Mr. Crolys second point. It
does not correspond with the experience of the
past that weakness or dependence secures re-
spect and protection. On the contrary, with the
education and independence of woman, mans
respect and admiration have steadily in-
creased. There are no women in the world
more self-reliant, proud and independent in
their feelings and bearing than the American
women, and yet there are no men more, atten-
tive and deferential to women than Americans ;
and they are loyal just in proportion as women
by their greatness and genius are wholly inde-
pendent of themselves. Axe the Turk and the
Chinaman, with their women in the Harem and
iron shoes, more courteous and deferential than
the American, where women are seen every-
where, travelling about the country, driving
through the streets, in political meetings, edi-
tors sanctums, and talking to rulers in the halls
of legislation? And as between the butterflies
of fashion and the strong-minded, you will find
in any evening or dinner party the leading
men ofthe nation bestowing their attentions
and courtesies on the women of distinction,
even on those who have demanded the right of
suffrage for the last twenty years. We doubt
whether all the weak, dependent young girls in
this country together, no matter how rich or
beautiful, have ever received the courtesies and
attentions bestowed, on Anna Dickinson in pri-
vate circles, though she has supported herself
since she was fourteen years old, travelled alone
all over the country, faced mobs, and stood fire,
having one of her black curls shot off without
flinching! No, facts and philosophy are all
against Mr. Crolys assertion. An infirm,
dependent woman never calls out the full
strength or power of a mans love. The pre-
sent position of woman, as the inferior and de-
pendent of man, is an entire perversion of the
natural order. Woman, as the mother of
the race, as the representative of the moral
element in the sexes, is the rightful gov-
erning power, the umpire, the dictator in all
affecting our social relations, and when she is
restored to her rightful throne, she will be the
object of greater love and admiration than she
has ever yet known.
Again, as to the divorces and disagreements
discussed unde? Mr. Crolys third head, we have
only to say that wo have had these things


from the beginning. Men have put away and
multiplied wives at their pleasure, and it is
quite probable that when woman is indepen-
dent and self-supporting she will choose the
father of her children. But as the attraction
of the sexes to one another is founded in na-
ture, and in true conditions* there can be no
real antagonism between man and woman,
tliis question of marriage will .regulate itself.
In exalting moral power above brute force, in
the'education, elevation, and enfranchisement
of woman, one thing is sure, that vice, disease,
and crime, drunkenness, deformity, and degra-
dation, will find no means of perpetuating
themselves. In the restoration of woman we
look for the re-creation of the race, for that
great onward step that will accomplish all the
partial reforms that now occupy the public
thought.
Again, Mr. Croly says :
Talk less about your rights, but evince a keener sense
of your duties, if you would secure the prize of the bal-
lot. Denouncing men for withholding your right, may
be one way'to obtain it; but a far better way, ^would be
to prove to tbe world your fitness to exercise it when
secured. Show that, with De Tocqueville, you are con-
scious that women impart to a nation that moral tem-
perament which is subsequently revealed in its policy,
and that the following observation of his, however true
it may have been when made, is no longer founded upon
fact: I see multitudes of these (mothers and wives),
who have a thousand private virtues ; but of that part
of their duty which concerns public life, they have not
the dimmest idea. Not only do they 'iail to practice it
themselves, but they do not seem to dregm of enjoining
such practice on those who come under their influence,
This phase of education is to them, as it were, invisible.'*
Mr. Crolys article closes with much excellent
advice to the women. of the metropolis, as to
.the various public works they should do.
He says they should take charge of the pub-
lic health, of our streets, tenement houses,
jails, prisons, asylums, superintend the schools,
the press, the halls of legislation. They should
suppress drunkenness, gambling, licentious-
ness, legislative corruption, and immoral adver-
tisements in public journals, and the wholesale
murder of the innocents in hospitals and badly
ventilated school-rooms ; and after we do all
these things systematicaDy mid well, then, he
thinks, we shall prove our calling and election
sure to the right of the ballot. In other words,
being women, we are to make bricks without
straw, learn to swim without going near the
water, regulate public abuses without a voice in
the laws, being supernaturaily endowed, we are to
do without the ballot what man is wholly nnable
to do with it. These are the very things we
want to do ; all we ask is the authority of the
State'. Make Us school superintendents, prison
and street inspectors, a uniformed police, and
pay u^for the discharge of these duties! That
is the point Mr. Croly forgot! Somehow wo-
mens duties are always gratuitous. Make the
women of this State paid officers under govern-
ment and you would soon see a change in the
face of things in this city. Make Susan p. An-
thony, for example, with her executive talent,
street inspector for one year, and you wouldhave
clean streets and save one-half your present ex-
penses.
Now, do not start, fair reader, at the sugges-
tion. We should have the lady inspector
mounted on a splendid black charger, reviewing
the city a few hours each day, aud, instead of
that troop of rheumatic old men, looking as if
each scratch of the broom woul.Vbe their last,
that now sweep our streets, we should have an
organized force of girls, well dressed, with
light brooms and hoes, and a few sprightly
men to load the carts. Girls that now have
ftk* lletfftlttttftflu 315
nothing to do, to whom no one will open their
doors, who pine and curse God and die in our
garrets and'cellars, would not be degraded,
but exalted on two dollars a day, well dressed
and fed, working, instead of begging in the
street.
Say less about our rights, and think more of-
our duties! We cannot do our duties until we
secure our rights. We are bound hand and foot
by your laws and constitutions. But when we
can back what we talk aud write with our votes,
we have an added power that none can gainsay
or resist. Hence, instead of devoting our ener-
gies to any specific work, we have pressed on
public consideration those principles that are
now fast culminating in the political equality
of the women of the country. e, c. s.
ROMAN AND SPARTAN CUSTOM.
Somebody writes, we do not know who,
though the history itself is true *that the Bo-
man Censors frequently, imposed taxes on un-
married men, and men of full age were obliged
by law to marry unless mentally or physically
disqualified." The Spartan women, at certain
games, laid hold of all old bachelors they could
get their hands on, and inflicted on them every
mark of infamy and disgrace, dragging them
around their altars, and handling them very
roughly. In 1695 the English Parliament laid
a tax on bachelors over twenty-five years Of
s612 10s for a duke, which was graduated down
to Is for a common naan. Uncle Sam has been
very lenient to his unmarried nephews at all
times, but he might do a good thing for the
heavy war debt by laying a revenue and ad capi-
lum tax on them just now. As this is leap year,
ii the ladies use their privilege, old maids and
bachelors who are not already hardened and in-
veterate cases, willnot even have the ghost of an
excuse for continuing in the state of single
blessedness.
BALLOT, BENCH AND BARIOADE
^ /** -
i: Boston, May 10,18S8.
Fbiend Pillsbuby : Allow me to congratulate you
on tbe successful manner in which you are running
your lightning express Train. Please keep a good look
out aheadfor steel rails may snap and cause another
Altoona tragedy.
Revolutions are the order of the day, and the world
certainly does move, or we never could have found
Parker PUlsbu^y in such a partnership ; but 1 would as
soon have looked to see the leopard change its spots, as
to see our old anti-slavery friends, Mrs. Stanton, Miss
Anthony;, and Parker Pitlsbury, hand in glove with
George Francis Train and the old pro-slavery leagues.
Perhaps they nave experienced a thorough change of
heart; let us see, if, in truth, they will repeal our fugi-
tive slave laws; emancipate all adult female slaves ; give
each woman thus freed an acre of good tillable land in
her own township, which shall be exempt from taxation,
or process for debt, and forever be and remain for her
own sole use, occupancy and benefit; give each sane,
adult woman the ballot with which to protect herself,
her property and children. Will they in reality rise su-
perior to the prejudices of caste and mase every native
bom citizen, woman and man, eligible to any office ?
Less than that will not content us, that we demand as
our right, and that we will have; peaceably, if we canj
forcibly, if we must. Less than that will not secure to
us life, liberty and happiness. Let them begin the good
work here in Massachusetts, where I. S. Hallock,suc-
cessor at Tremont Temple, Fulton, aye, and the legisla-
ture too, say woman has more than her rights; she has
some extra privileges I Truly, she has the privilege of
working at starvation prices; of paying for a home, sub-
ject to an enforced, and it may be obnoxious and de-
grading tenantcy ; of being hunted down and returned
to her master like any other slave. Witness the Boston
Herald of last week, which says, au unfaithful wife,
belonging in Boston, who had ran away from her ho
with one of the attaches of a circus that exhibited in
Taunton, was arrested in that city Friday morning and
returned to her family, in accordance with the request of
her, husband. I have anxiously waited, but thus far in
vain, hoping to see that gallant pro-slavery league, who
once girdled the State House with chains, rise en masse
to resist such surrender of such fugitive slave to her
owner. '
An estimable lady told me one day with something of
a pardonable pride, My husband used to say that wo-
men were good for nothing to do anything ; buthedont
say that now. About eight years ago our house was
burned, there was no insurance on it, because he did not
beieve in such things. I went to work painting in a
new style and teaching, and was successful enough to
rebuild and refurnish our home ; then he signed his
name to some paper, and lost everything again. This
mortified and discouraged him so that he was sick ; I
told him I was not discouraged ; I was sure I could earn
enough to live, got up another speciality and have made
up all we lost, every dollar," aud yet this woman in the
eye of the law is classed with idiots, paupers and
criminals ; and must obey her natural protector as to
what she shall eat, drink or wea must pay taxes for a
government which obliges her, without her consent, to
he under the control of the most vicious, intemperate,
ignorant man who casts a vote. Society even robs her
of her hard earned business name, since both tbe
patents were issued to her husband.
My vocation, that of healer, brings me in contact with
all forms of suffering and wrong ; making, as I do, the
bodily and mental diseases of women and children,
more particularly, my speciality; studying into the laws
of cause and effect. I see every day more clearly the
value, necessity, and sanative qualities of the three Bs ;
Bench, Ballot, Baricade, of home and if need be of
battle. My case book is full of interesting sketches,
some of which I may hereafter transfer to your columns
with your approval. Meantime X will endeavor to got
subscribers for The Revolution, and thus do all I
can for the cause. 'Will do more, just as soon as possible.
Yours for the right, Auboba C. Phelps.
GIVE THEM GOOD MOTHERS.
From tbe London Saturday Review.
Tell me how to improve the youth of France,"
said Napoleon one day to .Madame de Campon. Give
them good mothers," was the reply. There are some
things which even Napoleon may be pardoned for feeling
puzzled in undertaking, and Madame de Campon would
no doubt have added much to the weight of her reply by
a few practical words as to the machinery requisite for
the supply of the. article recommended. But her request
is now the cry o i the world. The general uneasiness
arises simply from the conviction that woman is becom-
ing more and more indifferent to her actual post in tho
social economy of the world, and tbe criticisms in which
it takes form, whether grave or gay, could all be summed
up in Madame de Campans request, Give us good
mothers. After all protests against limiting the sphere
of the sex to a single function of their existence, public
opinion still regards woman primarily in her relation to
the generation to come. If it censures the sensible girl
who stoops to slang, or the modest girl who stoops to in-
decency, it is because the sense and the modeety which
they abanonedis not theirs to hold or to fling away, but tbe
heritage of the human race. But this seemsto he less and
less the feeing of woman herself. For good or or a
evil, or, perhaps more truly, for both good and evil, wo-
man is becoming conscious every day of now powers,
and longing for an independent sphere in which she can
exert them. Marriage is aimed at with a passionate
ardor unknown before, not as a means cf gratifying affec-
tion, but as a means of securing independence. To the
unmarried girl life is a sheer bondage, and there is no
sacrifice too great to be left untried if it only promises
a chance of deliverance. She learns to despise the sense,
the information, the womanly reserve which fail to
attract the deliverer. She has to 6ell herself to pur
chase her freedom; and she will take very strong
measures to secure a purchaser. The fop, tbe fool, little
knows the keen scrutiny with which the gay creature bo
hind her fan is taking stock of his feeble preferences, is
preparing to play upon his feebler aversions. Pitiful as ho
is, it is for him that she arranges her artillery on the
toilet-table, the little secrets," the powder bloom, tho
rouge precipitated from the damask rose-leaf," tho
Styrian lotion that gives beauty and fresbness to the
complexion, plumpness to the figure, clearness and soft-
ness to the skin." He has a faint flicker of liking for
brunettes; she lays her triumphant finger on her


316

walnut stain,* and darkens into the favorite tint.
He loves plumpness, and her Sinai Manna' is at
hand to secure embonpoint. Belladonna flashes on him
from her eyes, Kohl and antimony deepen the blackness
ol her eyebrows, bloom of roses blushes from her
lips. She stoops to conquer, and it is no wonder that
the fop and the fool go down. The freedom she covets
comes with marriage, but it is a freedom threatened
by a thousand accidents, and threatened, above all,
by maternity. It is of little use to have bowed to slang
and shoulder-straps, if it be only to tie ones self to a
cradle. The nursery stands sadly in the way of the lree
development of woman ; it clips her social enjoyment,
it curtails her bonnet bills. The slavery of nursing a
child, oue fair protestor tolls us, only a mother
knows. And so invents a pretty theory about the
damage done to modem constitutions by our port-drink-
ing forefathers, and ceases to nurse at all. But even this
is only partial independence ; she pants for perfect free-
dom from the cares of maternity. Her tone becomes
the tone of the household, and the spouse she has won
growls over each new arrival. She is quite ready to
welcome the growl. Nature, a mother informs us,
turns restive after the birth of two or three chil-
dren, and mothers turn restive with nature. What-
ever else you may do, she adds, you will never per-
suade us into liking to have children;* and, if wo did,
we should not greatly value the conversion. And so wo-
man wins her liberty, and bows her emphatic reply to
the world's appeal, Give us good motbers, by de-
clining to be a mother at all.
By the sacrifice of womanliness, by the sacrifice of
modesty, by flattering her wooers basd preferences be-
fore marriage, by encouraging his baser selfishness
afterwards, by hunting her husband to the club and
restricting her maternal energies to a couple of infants
woman has at last bought her freedom. She is no slave
olhei husband as her mother was, she is not buried
beneath the cares of a family like her grandmother.
She has changed all that, and the old world of home and
domestic tenderness and parental self-sacrifice lies in
ruins at hei feet. She has her liberty 5 what will she do
with it? As yet, freedom means simply more slang,
more jewery, more selfish extravagance, less modesty.
As we meet her on the stairs, as we see the profuse dis-
play of her charms, as we listen to the flippant, vapid
chatter we turn a little sickened from woman stripped
of all that is womanly, and.cry to Heaven, as Madame do
Campan cried to thoEmperor Give us good mothers.
RADICAL CONSISTENCY.
Republicans are not all perversely blind.
Tlie Kansas Slate Journal, a radical and able
paper, comments as below on some of the
recent action in Northern States on Colored
Suffrage:
My Michigan has dishonored herself, and covered
the party with shame and inconsistency in refusing to
adopt the new constitution. That State has a population
of nearly 1,000,000 hardy and enterprising sons and
daughters. Next to Ohio it is the greatest wool State in
th eUnion.but it has all .the prejudices against negro
Suffrage that South Carolina and Georgia possess. With
its 1,000,000 white population it has also about 1,200
negroes, and for some unaccountable reason the State
has declar ed by about 40,000 majority that the 1,200
negroes shall not vote; and yet Michigan has the in-
consistency to ask or rather force, upon the people of
the South, the very rule with regard to suffrage which
she rejects for herself by so large a majority. Michigan
ought to be ashamed-of herself. 1 o maintain her diabol-
ical inconsistency she should call home Zach Chandler,
and Jack Howard. If it is wrong for intelligent negroes
vote in Michigan it is wrong for ignorant negroes,
made so inevitably by the surroundings and associations
of a life-time, to vote in South Carolina. If it is bad
State policy for 1,200 negroes in one State, it is bad State
policy for 12,000 of the same class to vote in another
State. And this is all there is of the Negro Suffrage
proposition. If'the thin-skinned, white-livered, and
milk-and-water republicans of Michigan havent sense
enough to appreciate these obvious truths, they had
better change their names, and leave the lake-bound
State, and move off up into Alaska or British America.
Their climate is not more cold and repulsive than are the
sensibilities of the people frigid and unrelenting,
.Consistent.The Boston Post says, the
Sherman House at Chicago, which is to be the
headquarters of radical delegates, does not admit
colored persons. The Louisiana delegation
will have to quarter elsewhere. True, oh Post /
but two of the richest, most cultivated and re-
fined gentlemen of that same state came to
Boston a few years since, and were denied ac-
cess to every (so called) decent hotel for pre-
cisely the same reasons, and probably would be
to-day. Nor would a vast majority of the
churches treat them any better.
The Last Becoming First.The Religious
Rights hill lately introduced into the Austrian
Parliament, permits parties about to be married,
to decide in what religious faith their children
shall be educated, or at the birth of each child
to settle this question. At fourteen years of
age every boy or girl can select his or her own
creed, Change of religion and proselytism are
no longer to be punishable offences, and no
man is to be compelled to pay for the support
of a creed which he does not believe, or to fol-
low any particular formulas of worship. Aus-
tria being intensely Roman Catholic, not be-
hind even Spain or Rome, such a liberality may
well surprise the nations.
HENRY WARD BEECHER.
Mr. Beechers advice to a poor young mangot
married and run in debt for a farm "Exchange.
Then go to work to pay for your, farm. Observe the
strictest economy till you have paid for it. Keep no
servants ; do all the house work yourself, that is, let
your wife do it. Let the girl whose affection has joined
her lot with yours, serve you as wife, mother, nurse,
housekeeper, hostess, chambermaid, chore-woman, dairy
maid and maid of all work, till her youth has fled, her
strength is exhausted, her beauty has faded, her health
is broken, and her nerves are unstrung. Continue this
till you are a man of wealth; and then let the condition
to which her love of you and your love of yourself have
brought her drive her into the lunatic asylum (see Massa-
chusetts reports)or better still, when riches have come
and the noble band of sons and daughters into whom
she has transfused her life, are growing up to revere
and comfort her, let her lie down to die, and leave you a
wealthy widower, to display your wealth by calling a
second beautiful girl to the ornaments of the new house
which the economy of money and the waste of life by
your first have given you.
Though this is no part of Mr. Beechers advice, it is a
part of the programme of many who profess to act on it.
Shame, eternal shame on the man who takes so dastardly
and cruel an advantage of that most generous of earthly
sentiments, a true womans affection.
Just Indignation.The Tates County Ckron
icle speaks thus plainly of the doings, undoings
and misdoings of the New York Legislature in
its late session:
As we expected, the committees of investigation in the
Senate and Assembly appointed to look into charges of
corruption have reported &U right and sweet. They
found nothing of course. Whoever knew of a gang ef
thieves un.covering their own transactions ? Each party
has had perhaps a dozen honest men in the Assembly,
and the rest have been bonght with more or less facility
by whoever desired to make the purchase. The Senate
has been equally corrupt. We are glad to know that a
Legislature so "infamous has finally adjourned. They
came to that, the most virtuous of their resolutions, on
Tuesday evening.
At last a Sunday World has been constituted; and
we wonder how long, in this progressive age, we will be
likely to remain without a Sun, on Sunday, to cheer u
with pleasant Sunbeams,
Mr. Ovler, of Layfayette, Ind., has disposed of six
wives, three by death and three by divorce.__Exchange.
Suppose this had been a woman that had disposed of
six husbands,-three by death and three by divorce,
what a great noise the opponents of Womans Rights
would have made, but since it was a white male u all
is right*
Voting in Greoco is somewhat different from voting
in America. The polling-places are churches. Thirty
ballot-boxes are placed on the floor of the church, each
of them bearing the name of a candidate.The Week.
Thus, in degenerated Greece, the ballot is regarded as
something sacred, as it should be, and is cast in her
sacred places, not in grog-shops and comer groceries
as here. When women vote, America will follow the
noble example of Greeceand not until then.
THE PATENT OFFICE.
As the President of the United States, several of his
Cabinet officers, and a large majority of the members of
Congress are regoiar subscribers to The Revolution,
its columns are well adapted to the ventillation of the
Patent Office,
Though the officers of the Patent Office are appointed
solely with regard to their political a coord with the parly
in power, unlike most departments of government this
has been little used as a lubricator of the partisan ma-
chine, and changes are unfrequent. Hence, the partisan
press cares little for its management, and as the journals
which make science and invention a speciality are pub-
lished by Patent Solicitors who are dependent on, and are
under the ban of their dictators in the office, the general
public are kept ignorant of the conduct of a department
to which, more than to any other, in spite of its faults,
we are directly indebted for our progress in wealth and
civilization.
Facts in my possession (duplicates of which maybe
found on the files of the Patent Office), show an amount,
of ignorance and stupidity in the conduct of its affairs
which, if tolerated in some other departments would re-
sult in Revolution.
A large proportion of the examiners have no knowl-
edge of practical science, and are so lax in official duty
that they treat applicants for patents as their servants
rather than as their masters, and ignoring arguments,
affidavits, and even practical demonstrations relating to '
the utility of inventions, they refuse patents for valuable
improvements, and often grant them for ridiculous and
worthless novelties. Let Congress appoint a commission
composed oi men competent to make a thorough inves-
tigation, and sufficient evidence will be found on the
files of the office (o relieve of their positions at least
four-fifths of its present incumbents.
Some special cases, with names of examiners, may ap-
pear in a future number of The Revolution, which
will make interesting reading for the Commissioner who
appointed and Senators who confirmed such nonde-
scripts in office. a..
FINANCIAL PROBLEMS.
NO. V.
State House, Boston, April 24,1868.
To the Editors of (he Revolution:
Premising that I do not feel any anxiety that what I
write upon financial questions should be published
(that being none of my business), I desire to say that in
relation to banking and currency, there are some truths
yet to be learned, and one of these is that no govern-
ment can supply directly the paper we need for change in
place of coin in our commercial transactions, which are
mainly effected by means of dralts, checks, transfers of
credit, etc., which are created at the time for the pur-
pose, and which are the real currency of the world,
compared to which the legal-tenders and bank notes are
no more than so much fractional ourrency.
You may call in and destroy every one of the legal-
tender and bank notes to-morrow and you only compel
our treasurer and all others, who now ask notes as a con-
venience, to substitute checks, which have, the same re -
presentative and' purchasing power, and can be made
and used to any desired extent in spite of Congress or
any other power.
That bank notes are a cheap, convenient substitute for
coin, and that we ought to have them, no one can deny.
But, I protest against any effort to issue greenbacks
from the treasury, or from any governmental source ex-
cept through the banks which should be not only obliged
to give the most ample security that the notes shall al-
ways be convertible, and no' loss or delay fall upon the
holder, but pay into the general treasury such a tax, as a
portion of the profit, as will take away the objection now
made to the excessive income derived at our expense.
What we need and can certainly have, is a safe, cheap,
convenient bank note currency which shall always be
Sufficient and never redundant, and which shall, when


I
!
we have Internationa] coinage, be at par not onty in al*
our large cities, but equally in London, Paris, FranBfort
or elsewhere. This is as easy for us now to attain, as it
was a short time since to make all notes in New England
good as specie in Boston.
In fact, the world now is so compressed by improved
means of communication, that we can reach every place
commercially easier than we could not long since go to
New York from Boston. Let us keep up with the times.
In order to accomplish our purpose properly, we need
first, international coinage, which seems to me the
simplest question in the world, and then, international
banking and currency. And why not ? Why should we
not require that all our large cities to which the notes of
the country banks flow, should then in turn make their
settlements at New York, as the common centre of our
own oountry requiring the bank there to settle in London,-
which for the present is the clearing house of the whole
world, and therefore the point where funds are always
desirable, because such funds are sufficient to make a
purobase or pay a debt everywhere.
There is no good reason why we should not first have
an absolutely free national system of banking for our
whole country, leaving the amount of capital, circulation
and specie, as well as the rate of interest, to be delermin-
ed, as all such questions should, by the national laws of
trade and not by legislation, which always does mischief.
We should also have as a natural condition a centre
of this system, where the subordinate or local centres
could all meet and settle their balances, and as I have
already said, the great centre should reoognize the same
law and find the centre of the world at London. Our
central institution in New York, with its branches in all
the large cities acting as the points of settlement for
local institutions, should be required to keep and dis-
burse all the government revenues without* charge, and
also pay interest on deposists, and a reasonable tax like
other banks on its notes in circulation.
How much this tax should be I cannot say, because
there must be something allowed for. the risk the bank
incurs in promising that its own notes shall always be
paid on demand while those of its customers may some-
times not come in so promptly as they ought. This of
course compels the bank as a matter of prudenoe to hold
an idle reserve, and that must be allowed for in oui es-
timate of the tax. But, I insist upon the tax, as I did
many years since when Auditor of Accounts for Massa-
chusetts, because I am sure it is equitable and would
tend to keep the banks from over-issuing.
Having, however, taking bonds to seoure this tax, the
safety of our deposits and the redemption of the notes
as already prepared, we should leave all other matters to
the natural laws of trade, which, when not interfered
with by ignorant legislation, we always sufficient.
I am quite certain from my long connection with the
finances of my native state, and knowledge of the man-
agement here for the past sixty years, that we do not
need the sub-treasury with all its cumbrous, expensive
machinery, and that the banks could do our work not
only much cheaper, but infinitely better*
Our State Treasurer has, during the long period I have
named constantly deposited his funds in, and drawn his
checks upon, our banks and never lost a dollar or had
any delay or difficulty.
Now, as I have already said, our capital or available
funds must be represented by checks and transfers of
credit, rather than by specie, which is only our measure,
and cannot bo our currency, there is no reason why the
general government as well as that of our own state
should not be governed by common sense and adopt the
mode followed by the rest of the world.
Please reflect a little upon the question, which I feel
perhaps, more at home in than you care to do, but which,
next to woman, is the great problem of the age, and if
you think I can be of any service or aid to you at all, let
me hear from you. At any rate, do not forget what I
have said upon these subjects, for some time you will
see that I have told you the truth. D. Wilder.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGoti, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
M'ee. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping, New Yoi'k the Financial
Centre of the Worlds Wall Street emancipated
gUVidltttijOUL - 817
from Sank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fonder and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. XX.
To our Servants at Washington from tine
People at Home*
BANKING GREENBACKS AND CREDIT.
To the statesman or political economist, the
fact that the profits of the National banks are
greater than any other business in the country,
and that they are on the average two and three
times greater than they were before the rebel-
lion, is evidence of an unhealthy condition of
affairs, ruinous to National prosperity. The
enormous profits of the National banks, show
that the industrial interests are sacrificed to the
non-producing money-lenders, and that capital
is getting more than its share of the profits of
labor. The profits of the National banks are
realized chiefly from carrying the National debt
in the shape of Government bonds, held either
as their own property or collaterals for loans.
The interest paid on these government bonds
is 6 per cent, in gold, equal to about 8| per cent,
in currency, and it comes directly out of the
pockets of the people in the shape of taxes. The
National banks, therefore, have more than their
just share of the annual profits which the Nation
makes, and as a matter of course, the people
receive just so much less than they are entitled
toas the first proposition includes the latter.
That the banks gain by carrying government
bonds, the people lose. It is. therefore neces-
sary in order to restore to the people that money
which the National banks are taking from the
proceeds of ther labor, by interest on the govern-
ment bonds, that the legal power to carry so
many bonds should be taken from the banks.
For example, the banks are enabled to carry
$300,000,000 of bonds on which they receive
annually 6 per cent, interest in gold, owing to
the fact that Congress has authorized them to
issue $300,000,000 of their own notes as money.
Without this privilege of issuing their own notes,
the banks would not have the means to oarry
the $300,000,000 of bonds on which they receive
every year $18,000,000 in gold equal to $21,200,-
000 in currency, and to pay which the people
are taxed. In addition to this the banks have
received from Government, $50,000,000 of legal
tender three per cent, certificates which they
can use as money in their bank reserves and on
which they receive $.1,500,000 per annum. If
Congress were to replace these two bank curren-
cies with greenbacks, then the people would
realize that profit which the National banks now
make, and this sum, small as it seems for one
year, yet in sixty-five years, at compound inter-
est, it would amount to about $2,500,000,000, or,
sufficient to extinguish the whole National Debt,
In plain terms, if greenbacks are not substituted
for National bank notes and three per cent, cer-
tificates, then the National banks in 65 years
will realize a profit from these two items equal
to the whole amount of the National Debt.
American citizens must of course work to make
this vast sum for the National banks to pocket.
Now, not a shadow of sound reasoning can be
advanced in favor of continuing this ruinous
system. Greenbacks are the best and cheapest
paper money that the people ever had. Green-
backs are of the same value in every part of the
United States. They cancel all debts every-
where with equal facility. They are superior to
the National hank notes, and yet they cost only
the price of paper and printing, whereas the
National bank notes cost the country $23,000,000
a year and $2,500,000,000 in 65 years. The Na-
tional banks in order to frighten people off from
touching their profits, always start the ory of
inflation whenever it is proposed to issue
more greenbacks and withdraw their notes. A
greenback note contains no more of inflation**
than a National bank note.
Sound banking is the exchange of bank
credit for mercantile credit, because bank
credit* is superior to mercantile credit and
more useful in the settlementof debts. Bank
credit again*is exchanged for Government
Credit, or greenbacks, because government
credit or legal tender is superior to bank
credit and more useful in the settlement of
debts.
Any legal restriction on mercantile credit
would be pronounced absurd by every one.
Self-interest is considered sufficient restriction
on mercantile*credit. Now, an increase of
mercantite credit creates a demand for more
bank credit, or general currency. An increase
of business, requires on increase of business
notes, requiring discounts and loans or bank
credit. As mercantile credit is the basis of
bank credit or, what is called the circulat-
ing mediem, and as government credit or
legal tender performs the same functions as
bank credit, in a superior manner for the
settlement of debts, it follows therefore in logi-
cal sequence that,any legal restriction on gov-
erment credit or hank credit is as absard
as it would be to place it on mercantile credit. *
The one, is interchangeably the reflex of the
other.
Bank Credit is always granted in exchange*
for property or securities which have at the time:
of the exchange a greater market value than the.
hank credit. Uncurrent value or mercan-
tile credit is simply exchanged for current value
or bank credit. This is done to facilitate ex -
changes or what are called commercial transac-
tions. The greater value or mercantile credit
must be in existence before the lesser value or,
bank credit can he obtained or created* In
regard to government credit or legal tender,
that can be obtained only after government has
received full value for the same. Government
can run no risk of loss in exchanging at par its
bonds without interest, called greenbacks, for its
own bonds bearing interest. How can any in-
flation arise from the exchange of government
bonds for greenbacks?
During the last, three weeks, the New York
City banks have increased their loans over
$15,000,000, and their deposits of course the
same .amount,- because the items called bank
loans and depositsare the self same thing
on the Dr. and Or. side of the ledger. This is
practically the same as if government had print-
ed and issued $15,000,000 of new greenbacks in
exchange for its own bonds, with this difference,.
however, thatin the one case the goyermeni or


318
people would realize the profit on the loans, and
in the other case the National banks do. The
inflation" in both cases is the same.
In a sound financial system to benefit all the
people and not a privileged class, government
credit or legal-tender greenbacks should ex-
pand and contract as mercantile credit or
the business of the country requires. This
expansion and contraction Gf the legal-tender
currency can be attained by making government
bonds exchangeable for greenbacks at par on
demand, and again the greenbacks re-exchang-
able for bonds. If money were wanted then
the bonds could be converted, and if green-
backs were in excess they could be exchanged
for bonds. Thus unhealthy tightness or ease in
the money market would be impossible. This
system would impose a healthy check on specu-
lation and inflation. It would emancipate the
people and our commerce from the oppression
and exactions of tight money markets, com-
mercial panics and crises, with their consequent
bankruptcies, ruinous losses and impoverish-
ment of the masses for the benefit of the few
privileged classes of national bank men, capital-
ists and bondholders.
Greenbacks are the peoples moneythe best
and cheapest the country has ever had.
Talk among the Brokers In Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers is about the impeachment
question and the extraordinary dullness in stock opera-
tions. The cliques are the chief operators in the stock
market, and are buying and selling so as to keep busi-
ness at the boards from being stagnant. The talk is
about the
GREAT STOCK BUBBLE OF TTTU EXPRESS COMPANIES
shares and that a collapse might take place in them on
any day. The
merchants union was in a hopeless condition
as far as dividends were concerned, before its recent heavy
loss by robbery, but that has placed them in a precarious
condition.
THE LOSS IS ABOUT $300,000,
although the Company states it will not be more than
$50,000. The
DIRECTORS ARE SELLING ALL
the stock they can, and have been operating quite
HEAVILY, THROUGH STOUT AND DICKINSON.
Their little game is to give points to friends to buy
and then they take the opportunity of selling all that the
market will take.
THE DIRECTORS OP THE MERCHANTS UNION
EXPRESS
Company are notorious stockjobbers in their own stock,
and have made it their business.
TO VICTIMIZE THE STOCKHOLDERS
ever since they have been in office. IN one of the
EXPRESS COMPANIES CAN EVER EARN DIVIDENDS,
because the railroad companies have so advanced their
rates for cars that the Express business is no longer
profitable. When the old companies were
FIGHTING THE MERCHANTS UNION EXPRESS
they induced the railroad companies to increase their
charges enormously for the purpose of
CRIPPLING THE MERCHANTS UNION.
A car which was formerly $50 is now charged from $300
to $500, and those that were $500 and $600 are now
$2,500 and $3,000. The old Express Companies calcu-
lated fhat'the railroads would reduce their charges after
the
merchants union was used up,
but instead of reducing their charges the railroad com-
panies are increasing them on every route.
THE BREAK DOWN IN WELLS & FABGO
from 60 to 21 will be followed by the others, and those
who
SELL FIRST WILL GET THE HIGHEST
prices. The talk is about the

WATERING OF THE NORTH WEST SHARES
and everybody wants to know what is the meaning of it
and whether
HENRY KEEP THINKS HE CAN STICK
the public with the watered stock any better than he has
done with the nnwatered for the last six months. The
talk is that
KEEP WANTS TO SELL BADLY,
CENTRAL PACIFIO BONDS REQUIRE
less margins, and always command loans on the best
terms, speculators will be able to carry larger amounts
than they could of the non-dividend paying railway
shares. The talk is that
WALL STREET DOES NOT CARE
what it speculates in, so that the fluctuations arc fre-
quent- and attractive and
and he thinks that the stock dividend will enable him to
Bell them better and that people wont see the swindle.
The talk is that the same game of a ten per oent.
STOCK DIVIDEND IN MICHIGAN SOUTHERN
has not worked well, that the street dont fancy that
Michigan Southern at 87 ex-dividend the same as 96 a
short time ago
IS ANY GREAT BARGAIN
to exchange for greenbacks. The talk is that these great
stock|operators are
AWFULLY ANXIOUS TO SELL
and get rid of some of their load, that the banks that are
carrying them are pushing them to have their loans
taken up this summer, so as
TO PREPARE FOR TIGHT TIMES
or any other little accident that may happen
-DURING THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
this fall. The talk is about the
STAGNATION IN ALL THE STOCKS
that are involved in litigation
ERIE, MILWAUKEE & ST. PAUL & ROCK ISLAND,
that the public dont touch them at all because no one
can tell what may turn up in them. The talk is the
STAGNATION ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE
is caused by the clique operations of
WATERING STOCKS AND LEGAL INJUNCTIONS.
The talk is that
PACIFIC MATT. IS A DEAD DUCK LIKE ROCK ISLAND,
or any of the watered and legally involved railway
shares, that the inside clique of operators who work
IN PACIFIC MAIL THROUGH STOUT & DICKINSON
to advance the price for the purpose of making a market
to sell upon have not made much money, that their'
efforts
To RUN IT up to 97
have saddled them with a lot of stock which they would
like to sell, that they find it is much
EASIER TO BUY THAN SELL PACIFIO MAIL,
that the China trade and large side-wheel steamers are
bringing larger losses than they expected, and that
WEBBS OPPOSITION IS GOING AHEAD.
The talk is about where is all the
SURPLUS MONEY IN WALL STREET
going this summer, that some of the shrewd speculators
are inclined to think it
WILL GO INTO GOVERNMENT BONDS
and that there will be a chance for some
THE CHIPS FLY ABOUT.
The talk is that the
UNION PACIFIO RAILROAD COMPANY
ought to put its shares on the market so as to give the
public something new to deal in. The talk is about
QUICKSILVER AND ITS SPECIAL POINTS
confidentially whispered round the street for the pur-
pose of sticking the public.
RIGGS, CUTTING AND BARRON
own nearly all of the Quicksilver stock and their emis-
saries are circulating the report that
ROTHCHILDS HAVE BOUGHT IT,
which is not so. These parties are running up the price,
making a market, and (hen they sell till the price drops
to a certain point, when they buy, and thns
THEY MTT.TT THE PUBLIC
and the street at their pleasure. The talk is that the
operation is just the same as
PLAYING WITH THE LOADED DICE
or marked cards.
TTTF. MONEY MARKET
is easy at 4 to 6 per cent, and discounts are 6% to 7
per cent. The banks are discounting freely at 7 per
cent. The weekly bank statement shows 'continued
bank expansion, the loans being increased $1,968,900,
and the deposits about the same amount $2,036,737.
The loans have been increased $15,400,000 within the
last three weeks.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Legal tenders,
May 9th May 16th Differences.
$285,755,883 $267,724,783 Inc. $1,968,900
21,286,910 20,839,142 Dec. 347,768
34,205,409 34,193,249 Dec. . 12,160
.199,276,568 201,313,305 Inc. 2,036,737-
* 57,541,837 57,613,095 Inc. 71,258
THE GOLD. MARKET
is firm owing to the la^ge exports of specie.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows: Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 9, 139% 140% 139% U0%
Monday, 11, 140% 140% 139% 139%
Tuesday, 12, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Wednesday, 13, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Thursday, 14, 139% 140% 189% 139%
Friday, 15, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Saturday, 16, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Monday, 18, 139% 139% 139% 139%
THE FOREIGN EXOHANGE MARKET
LIVELY TURNS IN THE GOVERNMENT BOND MARKET
this summer. The talk is that the
CENTRAL PACIFIO RAILROAD BONDS
will be a big thing one of these days, as there is on
foot a
SCHEME WITH SOME EUROPEAN FIRMS
and influential capitalists here and in California to
MAKE A CONTRACT WITH
the Central Pacific Company to take all the bonds as
they are authorized to issue them, then to advance their
price,
PUT THEM ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE
and deal in them regularly as in governments. If this
scheme is carried out the Central Pacific railroad bonds
will be made the
MOST LIVELY SECURITY ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE,
mid the fluctuations from the
BULL AND BEAB TACTICS
will be exceedingly attractive to the speculative element
that now
AMUSES ITSELF WITH ERIE NORTH WEST
and other non-dividend ay ug shares. As tU
is dull and weak, owing to tbe limited demand. Prime
bankers 60 days sterling bills are quoted 109% to 110%
and sight 110% to 110%. Bankers Francs on Paris 60
days 6-12% and sight 6-10.
TUB RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
is steady. The Ohio and Mississippi Railroad Company
has decided to change from the broad to the narrow
gauge in order to bring it into closer connection with
the Eastern roads. The Express Companies shares are
dull and heavy. Quicksilver is worked on the milking
rocess.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
notations:
EJanton, 49% to 50%; Boston W. P. 20% to 21; Cumb. Coal
l to 35% ; Wells, Fargo & Co., 24% to 25; American
Ixpress, 66 to 66%; Adams Express, 67 to 67%;
nited States Express, 57 to 57%; Merchants Union
Ixpress, 28% to 29; Quicksilver, 59% to 29%; Mari-
osa, 6 to 6 ; preferred, 9 to 10 ; Pacific Mail,
0% to 90% ; Atlantic Mail, 30 to 36; W. U. Tel., 88% to
B%; New York Central, 128% to 126%;Erie, 68% to 68%;
referred, 73% to 74%; Hudson River, 138 to 139; Read-
ig, 91 to 91%; Tol. W. & W.. 50% to 51%; preferred
8 to 70 ;MU. & St. P., 63% to64%; preferred, 76% to
6% # Ohio & M.C. 29% to 29%; Mich. Cea U8%
. CMf1< MVfn QftlZ Til. flfllltr* rrI iO


319

148% J Cleveland & Pittsburg, 84% to 85^ Cleveland &
Toledo, 105% to 105%; Rock Island, 94% t$ 94%; North
Western, 66% to 66% jdo. preferred, ;77% to 77%; Ft.
IJ1HE FREEBOOTERS.
A STORY OF THE TEXAN WAR,
JQEMORESTS MONTHLY MAGAZINE,
UNIVERSALLY ACKNOWLEDGED
Wayne, 106% to 107.
UNITED STATES SEOUXtITIES
are strong and the investment demand is increasing.
The bonds of the Central Pacific Railroad Company have
been exceedingly active during the week with some
European demand and the Union Pacific bonds have
been more in demand,,than for some time past.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Registered, 1881, 113% to 114; Coupon, 1881, 114%
to 114%; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 106% to 106%; 5-20
Coupon, 1862, 109% to 109% to 107%; 5-20 Coupon, 1865, 107% to 107% ; 6-20 Cou-
pon, Jan. and July; 1865, 109% to 109%; 5-20 Coupon,
1867, 109% to 110; 10-40 Registered, 103% to 103%;
10-40 Coupon, 103% to 103%; June, 7-30, 107% to
107% ; July, 7-30,107% to 107% ; May Compounds, 1866,
119%; August Compounds, 118; September Com-
pounds, 117% ; October Compounds, 117.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,404,097 against $2,293,625 last week,
$2,136,368, and $2,255,530 for the preceding weeks.
The imports of merchandise for the week were $5,-
773,251 against $4,216,906, $5,395,6,816, and $5,556,564
for the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of
specie, were $3,434,635, against $3,188,021, $4,170,473,
and $4,111,405, for the preceding weeks. The exports
of specie were $3,150,457, against $3,686,394, $1,431,891,
$1,867,291, and $1,625,498 for the preceding weeks.
Women Dootobs.From far off Switzerland news
comes, that four young ladies are preparing for the
practice of medicine. Women's fitness for the practice
of this science, is being at last admitted everywhere.
LADIES, think and act for yourselves. 18
carrat gold jewelry for $2 per dwt. to wit: Ladies
chains solid 18 carrat goldlO dwt. $20,15 dwt. $30.. Rings,
Pins, Sleeve Buttons, Children's Jewelry, both nseful and
ornamental. Ladies, get solid gold jewelry, it is the cheap-
est in the end. Get it for your children's sake, get it for
your own sake, get it for your husbands sake. Ladies,
act tor yourselves, see that your silverware is coin $3.50
per ounce, made up. Ladies get watches that will keep
time, dont be put off with cheap French watcho's.
Finest watches and jewelry at Benedict Brothers, up
town (new store), 691 Broadway,near 4thstreet. Ladies,
you have been fooled long enough, let there be a Revo -
lution in buying your jewelry.
BY
GUSTAVE ATMARD.
Author of The Prairie Flower,** The Trapper's
Daughter, The Piriates of tho Prairies," The In-
dian Chief," Etc.
PRICE 50 CENTS.
The Freebooters, by Gustave Aimabd.The writer
of this volume is a Frenchman, who in his youth was
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since bis return to civilized life, he' has industriously
turned to account in the manufacture of Indian stories,
of which he has written quite a large library, the list on
the cover before us extending to thirteen. They are all
intensely interesting, and their number and popularity
prove that they have a great deal of merit.
T. B. PETERSON & BROTHERS, Publishers,
306 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, Pa.
JQEMORESTS YOUNG AMERICA,
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320; SBfc*
The [Revolution;
the organ op the
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS :
1. In PoliticsEducated Suffrage, Irrespective of
Sex or Color; Equal Pay to Women lor Equal Wort;
Eight Hours Labor; Abolition of Standing Armies and
Party Despotisms. Down with PoliticiansUp with the
People!
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought j Broader Ideas ;'
Science not Superstition; Personal Purity; Love to Man
as well as God.
3. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Faot, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements, which even
Religious Newspapers introduce to every family.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold,
like our Cotton and Com, for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance. American
Products and Labor Free. Foreign Manufactures Pro-
hibited. Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping ; or American goods in American bottoms.
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The best way she can attain this position is by pos-
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MRS. C. S. LOZIER, M.D., dean of the
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^NTI-DRUG CURE
AND
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YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
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150 pages. 1860. Prioe 25 oents.
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No. 473 BROADWAY, N. Y.
gEXOLOGY
AS THE
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE,
IMPLYING'
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