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The Revolution

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Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
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Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
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New York, N. Y.
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[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
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English
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8 v. : ; 32 cm.

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Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
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newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

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Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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|Auraria Library
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|Auraria Library
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Full Text
principle, not policy: justice, not fa vors.men, their rights and nothing more: women, their rights and nothing less.
VOL. I.NO. 22. NEW YORK, .THURSDAY, JUNE i, 1868. smau5$corBCEKTS.
Cl)f HfMlutiflit.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PIliliSBVRY,
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 FARE ROW (ROOM 20.)
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE
Boston, May 29, 1868.
Dear Revolution : The Anniversary, like
every human institution, has its day. In our
country its sun is set. Only a dim twilight of its
former luminousness remains. Thirty years
ago New York in the second and Boston in the
fourth week of May held a religious and philan-
thropic carnival. Every variety of religion,
philanthropy, charity, moral, social end politi-
cal reform claimed right of representation and
generally had its claims allowed. Three whole
days were given to anti-slavery meetings, with
audiences increasing in numbers, and-certainly
in interest to the very last, and held too in the
largest houses or halls the cities afforded. Now
the Boston May Meeting has quite enough to
do to fill a small basement room, the cellar
kilchen of Tremont Temple, and more than
enough to find business to make one day either
profitable or remarkably interesting. This year
and week, the meetings were held on Wednes-
day. At no hour during the day was the hall
filled ; and in the evening, with free admission,
there were vacant seats. The only, speakers
who gave interest to the sessions were Wendell
'Phillips, C. L. Remond, Charles C. Burleigh
and Stephen S. Foster. The resolutions were
bloated with epithets and execrations, as though
size were strength, or sound were sense ; or as
if thunder could be had without lightning to
rend rocks or split down mountains. The fol-
lowing are a part and sample :
Resolved, that in the drunken man, the dishonored
magistrate, the vagabond brawler, the treacherous chief,
the stirrer-up of sediti on, the mobocrat^ the patron of
counterfeiters; the pardoner of murderers, the usurper
of dangerous powers, the conspirator against the peace
of the nation and the execution of its laws, the libeller
of Congress, consorting with rebelsin all these, the
nation finds a President guilty of high crimes and
misdemeanors, and recoguizes in those who vote him
innocent only his comrades or tools.
Resolved, That in the nomination of Grant and Col-
fax,1' we see only a weak yielding to a falsely-alleged
availabilitya flight before lions, which exist only in the
fancy and foars of the fugitives, unless the dry rot of
J?o&d8m, Trumbullism, and FemndenSsm has spread
through the party much further than its champions will
allow ; and that, in our opinion, Mr. Justice Chase and
his seven conspirators nominated the Vice- President of
tho republican ticket.
There were excellent things said in .some of
the speeches, but for want of consistency. For
instance : Mr. Phillips said, 1 So long as in-
justice is done to a great class, so long the
moral sentiment of the nation is corrupted;
But when a great class of women, including
a majority of tlie whole people are robbed of
every right as really as was ever a plantation of
Carolina slaves, the New England Anti-Slavery
Convention will not tolerate their presence on
its platform! Their claim is ruled out of
orderand irrelevent; * not under any con-
stitutional restriction, for the meeting was only ,
a convention without any constitution, and of
course could make'its own rule3. Their claim
is even ruled out now while slavery is not only
abolished, but the male slaves are voters, free
as the Senators in Congress, are even candi-
dates for Congress, members of legislatures,
constitutional and presidential nominating con-
ventions, mid' eligible to any office in the gift of
the people. Though it is well known that a
large majority of the colored men, especially
the ministers and leading men of them, are o p
posed to womans suffrage, yet it is determine!
in the New England Anti-Slavery Convention
that the colored women of the South once
slaves, as well as all the women of the country
shall be kept under the shodden hoof of male
subjection with all its stupidities, vulgarities
and depravities, until a complete millennium of
right, privilege and prerogative shall be secured
by constitutional guarantee to every man citi-
zen! 1
Woman was first admitted to equality on the
anti-slavery platform by what many deemed a
perversion of not only the language of the con-
stitution of the association, but of the very
order of nature and of human society. But
now by a really unjust and unnecessary con-
struction, not of law even, or constitution, but
only of custom, woman is still bound on that
platform as though it also had become a slave
pen or an auction block!
The speakers at the meeting on Wednesday
had much to say about educating the public
sentiment and conscience, and several besides
Mr. Phillips alluded to the danger of corrupting
and depraving that sentiment by compromise
of principles. But not one of them except Mr.
Foster appeared to have any idea that they
themselves were doing that very evil to most
frightlul extent by their own course toward wo-
man. She must be compromised. Why? Be-
cause, to ask for her rights would prejudice the
cause of the black man. None denied, or
doubted her equal light; none surely pretended
she had not equal ability and capacity. It was
a cool, deliberate comproiinse ; an unrighteous
sacrifice of a holy principle ; a stab at tho very
heart of justice herself.
The republican party postpone the negro
man (as the Anti-Slavery Convention admitted)
for the .sake of Grant and success. The abo-
litionists sacrifice woman, black and white,
for the sake of that negro man. And in the
name of all common sense, where is the differ-
ence between them ? Or how does one educate
public sentiment better than the other? The
abolitionists were long ago warned that in com-
promising woman they would lose the colored
man. They found it true at Chicago, as it had
been in several states before, that had voted on
colored suffrage. At their hand more than all
others, will this flagrant and unnecessary wrong
with all its consequences be required.
______________' p. p.
SEND Jh TOUR PETITIONS.
Demand the immediate enfranchisement of
the women of the District of Columbia. Already
black men vote there, hence, there can be no
cry raised that to urge Womans Suffrage will
hinder the negro. The question stands alone
on its own merits; and every true democrat and
republican should insist that the experiment of
Universal Suffrage shall be at once tried
there. Send in your petitions by the thousands
and tens of thousands from every slate in the
Union, and thereby make every member of
Congress feel that his constituency demand his.
voice and his vote for the enfranchisement of
the women of the District; that the people
COMMAND THEIR SERVANTS AT WASHINGTON tO
guarantee a genuine Republican form of govern,
ment to the District of Columbia.
Send in your petitions as fast as possible, to
Mrs. Josephine S. Grilling, 394 North Capitol
street, Washington, D. C., or to Susan B. Au-
thony, Revolution Office, 37 Park Row, New
York, to make sure they are put in the hands
of members who will present them in the most
telling manner.
PETITION FOR WOMANS SUFFRAGE.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States in Congress Assembled:
The undersigned----, of the----of----, in
the State ot---, respectfully petition, that in
your revision of the government of the District
of Columbia, you will protect the women of the
District from being debarred the exercise of
their right of suffrage.
(It is recommended that womens names ap-
pear on separate lists.)
WHITE WOMANS SUFFRAGE ASSO-
CIATION.
Washington, D. C., May 28,1858.
The interest in the cause of Woman Suffrage has
taken a fresh start in this city. This mornings papers
publish a call for a meeting to take place iu the City Hall,
on Friday evening, June 5th, at half past five oclock,
for the purpose of organizing a White Womans Suf-
frage Association. It is said that the movement is
originated by a number of intelligent, energetic and in-
fluential white women who are determined to make
it a success. 11 is expected that the meeting will be at-
tended by many prominent aud influential women resi-
dents of this city, and their husbands, and also a number
of distinguished strangers. Dr. Mary E. Walker is in
the city. She attended the last regular meeting of the
Universal Franchise Association held nearly a week
ago, in which she gave the audience a very interesting
address, embodying some of her experiences and im-
pressions relative to the progress of the Woman Suf-
frage agitation in Europe, from whence she has just re-
turned. It is expected that she will attend the meeting
called to organize a White Woman's Suffrage Asso"
ciation, and some curiosity is expressed as to the
probable position she will take on the white question.
J. A.


338 * fo* lUVflltttifltt.
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT.
Mary Wollstonecrapt was born in 1759.
Her father was so great a wanderer that the place
of her birth is uncertain; she supposed, how-
ever, it was London, or Epping Forest: at the
latter place she spent the first five years of her
life. In early youth she exhibited traces of ex-
quisite sensibility, soundness of understanding,
and decision of character; but her father being
a despot in his family, and her mother one of
his subjects, Mary derived little benefit from
their parental training. (She received no liter-
ary instructions but such as were to be had in
ordinary day schools. Before her sixteenth
year she became acquainted with Mr. Clare, a
clergyman, and Miss Frances Blood ; the lat-
ter, two years older than herself; who possess-
ing good taste and some knowledge of the fine
arts, seems to have given the first impulse to
the formation of her character. At the age of
nineteen, she left her parents, and resided with
a Mrs. Dawson for two years ; when she re-
turned to the parental root to give attention to
her mother, whose ill-health made her presence
necessary. On the death of her mother, Mary
bade a fiual adieu to her fathers house, and be-
came one of Frances Bloods household ; thus
situated, then* intimacy increased, and a strong
attachment was reciprocated. In 1783 she com-
menced a day school at Newington green, in con-
junction with her friend, Fiances Blood. At
this place she became acquainted with Dr.
Price, to whom she became strongly attached ;
the regard was mutual.
It is said that she became a teacher from mo-
tives of benevolence, or rather philanthropy,
and during the time she continued in the pro-
fession, she gave proof of superior qualifications
for the performance of its arduous and impor-
tant duties. Her friend and coadjutor married
and removed to Lisbon, in Portugal, where she
died of a pulmonary disease ; the symptoms of
whiefi were visible before her marriage. So
true was Marys attachment to her, that she en-
trusted her school to the care of others, for the
purpose of attending Frances iu her closing
scene. She aided, as did Dr. Young, in Steal-
ing Narcissa a grave. Her mind was expanded
by this residence in a foreign country, and
though clear of religious bigotry before, she took
some instructive lessons on the evils of super-
stition and intolerance.
On her return she found the school had suf-
fered by her absence, and having previously de-
cided to apply herself to literature, she now re-
solved to commence. In 1787 she made, or re-
ceived, proposals from Johnson, a publisher in
London who was already acquainted with her tal-
ents as an author. During the three subsequent
years, she was actively engaged, more in trans-
lating, condensing, and compiling, than in the
production of original works. At this time she
labored under much depression of spirits, for
the loss of her friend; this rather increased,
perhaps, by the publication of Mary, a novel,
which was mostly composed of incidents and
reflections connected with their intimacy. .
The pecuniary concerns of her father becom-
ing embarrassed, Mary practiced a rigid econo-
my in her expenditures, and with her savings
was enabled to procure her sisters and brothers
situations, to which, without her aid, they could
not have had access ; her father was sustained
at length from her funds ; she even found
means to take under her protection an orphan
child.
She had acquired a facility in the arrange'
meut and expression of thoughts, iu her avo-
cation of translator, and compiler, which was
no doubt of great use to her afterward. It was
not long until she had occasion for them. The
eminent Burke produced bis celebrated Re-
flections on the Revolution ii France. Mary
full of sentiments of liberty, and indignant at
what she thought subversive of it, seized her
pen and produced the first attack upon that fa-
mous work. It succeeded well, for though in-
temperate and contemptuous, it was vehemently
and impetuously eloquent; and though Burke
was beloved by the enlightened friends of free-
dom, they were dissatisfied and disgusted with
what they deemed an outrage uponit.
It is said that Mary had not wanted confi-
dence in her own powers before, but the re-
ception this work met from the public, gave
her an opportunity of judging what those pow-
ers were, in the estimation of others. It was
shortly after this, that she commenced her able
work on the Rights ofWoraan. Whatareits
merits will be decided in the judgment of each
reader; suffice it to say she appears to have
stepped forth boldly, and singly, in defence of
that half of the human race, which by the
usages of all society, whether savage or civil-
ized have been kept from attaining their proper
dignitytheir equal rank as rational beings.
It would appear that the disguise used in plac-
ing ou woman the silken fetters which bribed
ber into endurance, and even love' of slavery,
but increased the opposition of our authoress ;
she would have had more patience with rude,
brhte coercion, than with that imposing gallan-
tly, which, while it affects to consider woman
as the pride and ornament of creation, de-
grades ber to a toyan appendagea cypher.
Tile work was much reprehended, and as might
well be expected, found its greatest enemies in
the pretty soft creaturesthe spoiled children
of her own sex. She accomplished it in six
weeks.
la 1792 she removed to Paris, where she be-
came acquainted with Gilbert Imlay, of the
United States. And from this acquaintance
grew an attachment, which brought the parties
together, without legal formalities, to which
she objected on account of some family-embar-
rassments, in which he would thereby become
involved. The engagement was however con-
sidered by her of the most sacred nature, and
they formed the plan of emigrating to America,
where they should be enabled to accomplish it.
These were the days of Robespierrean cruelty,
and Imlay. left Paris for Havre, whither after a
time Mary followed him. They continued to
reside there, until he left Havre for London,
under pretence of business, and with a promise
of rejoining her soon in Paris, which, however,
he did not, but in 1795 sent for her to London.
In the meantime she had become the mother of
a female child, whom she called Frances in
commemoration of her early friendship.
Before she went to England, she had some,
gloomy forebodings that -the affections of Im-
lay had waned, if they were not estranged
from her; on her arrival, those forebodings
were sorrowfully confirmed. His attentions
were too formal and constrained to pass unob-
served by ber penetration, and though he as-
cribed his manner, and his absence, to busi-
ness duties, she saw his affection for her was
only something to be remembered. To use ber
own expression, Love, dear delusion! rigor-
ous reason has forced me to resign ; and now
my rational prospects are blasted, just as I have
learned to be contented with rational enjoy-
ments. To pretend to depict her misery at
this time would be futile ; tbe best idea can be
formed of it from the fact that she planned her
own destruction, from which Imlay prevented
her. She conceived the idea of suicide a second
time, and threw herself into the Thames ; sbe
remained in the water until consciousness for-
sook her, but she was taken up and resuscitated.
After divers attempts to revive the affections of
Imlay, with sundry explanations and profes-
sions on bis part, through tbe lapse of two
years, she resolved finally to forego all hope of
reclaiming him, and endeavor to think of him
no more in connection with her future pros-
pects. In this she succeeded so well, .that she
afterwards had a private interview with him,
which did not produce any painful emotions.
In 1796 she revived or improved an acquaint-
ance which commenced years before with Wm.
Godwin, author of Political Justice, and
other works of great notoriety. Though they
had not been favorably impressed with each
other on their former acquaintance, they now
met under circumstances which permit! ed a
mutual and just appreciation of character.
Their intimacy increased by regular and almost
imperceptible degrees. Tbe partiality tbey con-
ceived for each other was, according to her bio-
grapher, In the most refined style of love. It
grew with equal advances in the minds of each.
It would have been impossible for tbe most
minute observer to have said who was before,
or who after. Oue sex did not take tbe priority
which long established custom has awarded it,
nor the other overstep that delicacy which is so.
severely imposed. Neither paitjr could assume
to have been tbe agent or the patient, the toil-
spreader or the prey in tbe affair. When in the
course of things the disclosure came, there was
nothing for either to disclose to the other.
Mary lived but a few months after her mar-
riage, and died in cbild-bed ; having given birth
to a daughter who is now known to the litei'ary
world as Mrs. Shelly, the widqw of Percy
Bysehe Shelly.
We can scarcely avoid regret that one of such
splendid talents, and high-toned feelings should,
after the former seemed to have been fully de-
veloped, and the latter had found an object in
whom they might repose, after their eocentric
and painful efforts to find a resting placethat
such an one should, at such a time, be cut off
from life is something which we cannot con-
template without feeling regret; we can scarcely
repress the murmur that she had not been re-
moved ere clouds darkened her horizon, or that
she had remained to witness the brightness and
serenity which might have succeeded. But
' thus it is ; we may trace the cause to anti-social
arrangements ; it is not individuals but society
which must change it, and that not by enact-
ments, but by a change of public opinion.
The authoress of the Rights of Woman,
was born April 1759, died September 1797. 1
That there may be no doubt regarding tbe
facts m this sketch, they are taken from a memoir
written by her afflicted husband. In addition
to many kind things he has said of her (he was
not blinded to imperfections in her character)
is, that she was Lovely in her person, and in
the best and most engaging sense feminine in
her manners.
One of the Mississippi papers calls for tbe
formation of democratic associations among the
negroes in that state. In the Northern states,
even republicans oppose their voting in any
part^



339
WASHINGl ON LETTER.
Washington, D. C., May 29, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
Believing in all yon put forward, though
sometimes inclined to criticise your methods, I
may perhaps be allowed space to suggest some
points to which it is well your readers attention
should be called. I have been for years an ac-
tive participator in public affairs, but the more
recent events of the past two or three have con-
vinced me more fully, and doubtless very many
others, of the. beginning of a definite strife in
this country, between the forces which on the
one hand tend to enlarge the Executive office,
centralize power in few hands, and give shape
and vigor to the imperializing tendencies which
always lie perdu in a republican government
waiting opportunity to strike it down ; and
those which on the other hand tend to preserve
liberty, maintain representative government,
and foster conditions that protect and eneour-.
age growth. In other words, the most subtle
and dangerous phase of the struggle has fairly
begun between the despotic principle and the
democratic idea and purpose. On the first
side in the governmental forms will be found
all those that are more or less directly removed
from the people : The Executive office (filtered
through the cumbersome machinery of electoral
colleges, and in a certain event, through the
House of Representatives), with its constantly
increasing patronage and powers of corruption ;
the Supreme Court, with its life appointments
the Trojan horse ar.stocratic privileges in our
system ; and the Senate, with its long term, and
its membership filtered through small legislative
bodies, whom events prove are readily open to
corrupt influences. Add to these three specific
elements others which are not in the form, but
have grownup by long usage, principal among
them being the atrocious system of appoint-
ment to the civil service and the corrupt cau-
cus and convention system, in party affairs.
History establishes conclusively: present
events reiterate this lesson in each days move-
ments ; that liberty is safe only in tlie peoples
hands ; that the nearer you get to them the
more secure they are ; that in communities
where to spread intelligence is a duty, the good
sense of the average many is a rule more to be
relied on than the exceptional genius or virtue
of the few. Hence, in America we have got to
democratize the government more than at pre-
sent. To take all its forces out of the tenden-
cies which now so largely build up privilege and
precedent, and which will more and more set
up the Executive and Judicial against the Re-
presentative Legislative functions, we have get
to have them made more directly emanate from,
aud amenable to the people. To do that we
need several amendments to our constitution :
1st. Among them, should be our making the
President elective- directly by the people. Not
alone those who live in the organized States,
but those who live here in the Federal District
or who, in the Territories, are building up new
communities, should have the right to vote
directly for the Chief Magistrate.
2d. The office ot Vice-President should be
abolished. It.is at the best only ornamental,
and at its worst, we turn to Andrew Johnson
for illustration.
3d. No President should be allowed to serve
more than one term.
4th. The present mode of electing Senators
should be abolished, and they should be elected
directly by the people of each State, on a State
ticket, for a term of four years, so arranged that
one shall go out every two years.
5th. Some important modification should be
made in the present Supreme Court organiza-
tion. Certainly there ought to be a limit in
time. Appointments ought to be made for a
term of years, and not for life ; the Judges
should, during that period, be forbidden to
become in any way candidates for political
position. There ought, also, to be a definite
limitation of their power to decide on the con-
stitutionality of laws, certainly otherwise than
those affecting the personal rights of citizens,
and a positive prohibition of their undertaking
any decision of political questions.
I would add to amendments affecting these
results, such ones as would ensure the estab-
lishment of universal adult suffrage, some mode
by which minorities may be represented, and
direct power granted to the Federal govern-
ment to exercise a supervision in each State, so
that Congress might provide a school system if
the State neglected to do so. By law, I would
also add some prohibition of the caucus system
of nominating and make the civil service ap-
pointments the prize of capacity and merit.
Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, has amendments in
which the first three propositions are embraced.
So far so good, but we need to go deeper. Let
us agitate for a convention to revise the Consti-
tution. Bring agitation early and broadly.
R. J. H.
CAPITAL AND LABOR
Let no one fail to read this extract from a
Letter to the Workingmen on the Hon. S. F.
Careys bill.
The evil effects of the late war are now telling sadly
upon the masses, and the heavy burden^ of taxation have
nearly paralyzed every branch of industry. Hundreds
of thousands in this land of boundless resources, who
are both able and willing to work, are without employ-
ment, and with difficulty obtain the necessaries of life
and procure shelter for themselves and families. Other
thousands who have employmentwho toil early and late
forced to practice the most rigid economy and occupy
the cheapest apartments, often unhealthy and uncom-
fortable, are compelled to live upon a scanty allowance of
food, clothe themselves and families in. the coarsest
fabrics, and narrowly escape the pitiable condition of
those who have nothing to do.
Farmers, manufacturers, mechanics, and merchants
once in easy circumstances, have seen their hard-earned
accumulations gradually pass away without power to pre-
vent it, and are now in hopeless bankruptcy, or stand
trembling on the verge of financial ruin.
Turn to the other side of the situation, and we behold
non-producing capitalistsbankers and bondholders
dwelling in the palatial residences of the land and exhib-
iting all the evidences of Crcesus-like fortuneseach day
growing richer and richer; while side by side with them
the industrious working classes, who obey the divine
decree and eal their bread in the sweat of their faces, are
growing poorer ai id poorer. Those who sow do not reap,
while Capitalists usuriously exact from Labor the fruits
of its toil, leaving only a pittance for subsistence ; and
the false theory that Capital should own Labor is
practically realized in every community.
The producing industries of the country are unjustly
taxed, and the almost intolerable burdens of the war
debt rest upon those who fought the battles'and made
the sacrifices, those who tilled the land to produce sup-
plies, and those who labored in the workshops to supply
the materiel of war ; while the money-kings, who furnish-
ed the so-called sinews of war (and got well paid for
it),- and kept out of danger, are receiving exorbitant rates
of interest upon their loans, and amassing princely for-
tunes upon the misfortunes of their fellow-countrymon.
These are some of the sad realities of the present, and
thoughts of the future are not enlivened by the belief
that it will he any better unless an entire revolution is
made in onr monetary affairs, and the present centraliz-
ing monarchical system swept away, and a new system
created that will take the money of the country out of
the hands of a few capitalists in the commercial and

manufacturing centres, and diffuse it among the mass of
the people.
The interest upon the national debt (and the debt itself
when paid), as well as the interest upon stale, municipal
and county debts, all the expenses of the government, must be
paid by the industrial classes. It has been estimated that the
exactions upon productive industries amount, in the ag-
gregate,^ $500,000,000 annually. The aggregate earnings
of all the industries of the country do not exceed $600,-
000,000, and one-half of these earnings is absorbed by 5
per cent, of the people (those who live on interest), while
95 per cent, receive the remaining half, or $300,000,000,
thus leaving to the mass of the people demands to meet
ot $200,000,000 in excess of what they receive, which ne-
cessarily forces them to draw upon their reserved funds,
and dispose of' the little they may have saved in more
prosperous times. "What marvel is it, then, that tho
wealth-producing classes are reduced to a state of abso-
lute vassalage A continuation of such a state of things
must inveitably result in concentrating the wealth of the
nation into the coffers of a few hundred millionaires of
the Rothschild stamp, and leave us a few thousands of
the middle classes, and many millions of paupers.
It is said that twelve persons own one-half of Scotland,
one hundred and fifty own one-half of England, while in
this country less than ./toe in every one hundred own one-
half of all the property, real and personal, and the pro-
cess of centralization of wealth is going on steadily
and rapidly under present State and National class
legislation.
J. C. C. Whaley,
President of the National Labor Union.
Wm. H. Sylvis,
President of Iron Holders Union.
War. J. Jessup,
Vice-President N. L. U. for State of New York.
THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
AT WASHINGTON.
The Washington Chronicle reports in full the proceed-
ings of the American Medical Association, recently
held in that city.
The committee on Medical Ethics, on consultation
with women medical practitioners, made a report
with the following resolution :
Resolved, That the question of sex ha^ never been
considered by this association in connection with con-
sultation among medical practitioners, and that, in the
opinion of this meeting, every member of this body has
a perfect right to consult with any one who presents the
only presumptive evidence of professional ability and
acquirements required by this association, viz.: A regu-
lar medical education.
This looks in the direction of Equal Rights. I like
the wording of this resolution, it is worthy ot educated
manhood, to break their own fetters; every member of
that national association shall have a perfect right to
consult with any one who presents evidence presumptive
of professional ability and acquirements, viz. : A
regular medical education.
In this I hope they mean to include all homoeopaths
and eclectics, as well as women who have studied the
sciences which complete a regular medical education,
whose only fault is that they have chosen to adopt a few
more remedial agents, and exclude a few others which
have to them seemed to outlive their uses. I think by
a more liberal, generous course among all schools of
medicine, suffering humanity would be the gainer. Es-
pecially in our charity hospitals the service of woman as
physician to her sex would be a humane and most fitting
step iu the right direction.
What do men know of women's diseases only as wo-
men themselves impart their various symptoms; and
with woman's ignorance of herself hitherto, she has
been obliged to suffer in silence, not knowing how to
describe her case properly to a male adviser, till her dis-
ease, perhaps, has become hopeless. I see, most fitly,
how male and female educated physicians may work to-
gether here for great good.
No true knowledge of science or nature's laws can be
gained without investigation, perseveringly and patiently
comparing notes with others. Why should doctors of
medicine fear free discussion on so important a subject
as human life? It is a subject involving the best in-
terests of the people, and unless the medical profession!
shows less selfishness than it has hitherto shown in re-
gard to consultations of various schools, they will cease
to trust them, and the veriest quack who can advertise
most freely will he accepted in their stead.
Everywhere I find sick, suffering women. In the
restaurants, as I travel, where girls are employed, I see
most of them so pale and sickly, with their trim, long-



; 340
waiflted dresses and heavy skirts dragging tbcm in-two.
1 tbink women endure abuse, both physical and moral,
more than they can appreciate with tbeir present men-
tal capacity.
You say, give women the ballot." It will be a very
strong incentive to education, I admit. What we need
in any event, is to be healed In physical habits, in bodily
conditions, in modes of thought, in states of feeling, in
our aims and purposes, and our aspirations. Body and
mind reciprocally Influence each other. It the consti-
tutional conditions of body are unhealthy, there must
exist in greater or loss degree correspondingly unhealthy
conditions of mind. How can women with their physio-
logical ignorance and suicidal dress he anything else
than helpless sufferers. C. S. Lozier, M.D.
SOCIAL SURGERY.
THIRD ARTICLE.
It has been my endeavor thus far to show the absolute
necessity of judicial early training as a means of protec-
tion, or as a breast-work if you will, against the subtle
advance of that army of evils which steals imperceptibly
into all unoccupied places of tho brain. Once there,
these evils remain masters of the situation, sliming over,
with their blighting filth, all the fair proportions of a
mind which properly fortified and commanded in the
very commencement would have successfully resisted
invasion.
That rigid economist, Nature, gives her children but
one mind to one body, upon which to experiment, so
that a first failure is a failure for all time. It would be a
consummation devoutly to be wished, could children be
kept perfectly pure and unconscious of the existence of
evil for a lifetime; but in this kaleidoscopic world of
ours no such security can he given. What is to
he done, then ? Simply this : Rend the veil of mys-
tery from evil; let your children kfiow from you
that it exists, and know also the horrible attendants
upon it. Every hour passed by children away from pa.
rents without this provision is fraught with danger. It
is as if they were thrown in mid-ocean naked and empty-
handed in the expectation of their reaching the other
side in safety.
It is a notorious fact that none are so easily betrayed,'
or so utterly lost after betrayal, as those same uncon-
scious persons who place their leet within the fatal pre-
cincts, ignorant of the seething, festering and death-
dealing strata underlying the flimsy glitter with which
vice is made alluring.
Every step forward in knowledge in the right direc.
tion reveals the necessity of care of the physical for the
sake of the mental and moral health" because of
their mutual dependence; hut the mind must re-
ceive this truth, must he the first to act, and the teach
ing cannot begin too early. The greater the refinement
of the mind, the more difficult the debasement of the
body, in proof of whioh witness the following table
showing the degrees of education among prostitutes in
New York city ;
Can neither read nor wiite.......26.05 per cent.
Can read only........................10.95
Read and write imperfectly..........27.30
well..............35.70
It is greatly to he regretted that no absolutely accurate
statistics are at hand upon the subject under considera-
tion. They might easily be obtained, but there seems
to be no person sufficiently interested in solving this,
social problem, important as it is, on all sides, conceded
to be, to undertake the task of gathering and publishing
such facts as might be had for the mere asking. In
this regard our reformatory institutions do absolutely
nothiug, although some of them have the amplest op-
portunities. Prom the best knowledge I have been able
to gatlur upon the subject, based both upon observation
and inquiry, it is now probable that New York contains,
in round numbers, about 10,000 women who, either pub-
licly or privately, make a marketable commodity of chas-
tity. This number may he classified as follows : Inmates
of brothels, 5,600 ; habitues of houses of assignation,
2,600 ; mistresses, who also more or less frequently meet
acquaintances at the latter establishments, 1,500 ; and
finally the delicate, married and single, Vrho have one
or more intimate friend to whom they grant special pas -
sioual favors from motives not altogether mercenary,
500. Total, 10,0o0. From certain data, the immediate
causes of tne adoption of this mode or habit of life may
be stated, approximately, thus : Destitution, 2,625 ; Idle-
ness, 3,330 ; seduction, 1,645 ; love bt liquor, 905 ; ill
treatment of parents or relatives, 820 ; bad company, 775.
Other causes were of course at work into which these
general and prominent ones might have been subdivided
but this bald statement, without explanation or detail,
will serve our present purpose. Now, if we suppose that
each one of these 10,000 women earns ten dollars per
week through her unholy trade, we have the enormous
sum of $100,000 per week, or $5,200,000 that is yearly
spent in this city alone for the gratification of this demon
of masculine lust I
Thus far tho business seems to be one of demand and
supply. But a business that earns annually $5,000,000
requires an investment of at least three times that sum;
and that is perhaps a fair estimate of the value of prop-
erty, personal and real, that is required by this trade as
at present conducted. Still these figures do not jet re-
present the amount of money actually expended yearly
through this channel; for nothing has been said of
wines, liquors and other luxuries which the business
demands, nor any attempt made to estimate the pecu-
niary cost of the diseases that are propagated and inter-
changed throufih this promiscuous intercourse of the
sexes. The estimate of the earnings of these women is
exceedingly low ; hut here is another of a different kind,
still lower and far more striking. If, out of these 10,000
women, 100 are continually diseaseda number Jar be-
low the realityand these 100 women commit two acts
of prostitution daily, thereby infecting only fifty per
centum of those whom they entertain, each separate
case of disease lasting only five days, we reach the con-
clusion that 172,000 persons are constantly infected by
one or the other of these diseases. Now, then, taking
the numbers known to be uneducatedwhich implies
both neglect and abuse by parentsand the number
giving that as the direct cause of their shame and mis-
fortune, we have more thau two-thirds of the sum total
as a proof of my argument. Of the actual and legiti-
mate wants left unprovided for to themselves and those
dependent upon them by the men who contribute Ibe
enormous sum named, for the support of this reeking
pestilence, I leave the reader to judge. Also how many
wives and mothers are in daily danger through these
172,000 diseased persons. s. f. n.
HEDGEHOG.
A Study in Analogy. From the Esprit des Befces
of A. Toussenel. Translated by Dr. M. E. Lazarus.
With slight omissions and some interjections by
F. S. C.
The Hedgehog symbolizes the mercantile scrub, the
literary blackguard, the journalist without faith or law,
who makes money out of everything. As a general rule,
all the enemies of progress are enemies of light, inhabit-
ing dark abode's like the shrew-mouse, the mole and the
fox, and recognized by two physiognomical characters
the smallness of the eyes and the extraordinary develop-
ments of the olfactory apparatus. Like the scurvy
writer of whom he is the emblem, and who can only
sustain himself' amid anarchy and confusion, the hedge-
hog delights in thick brushwood, crowded with parasitic
vegetation. This antipathy for progress is betrayed by
the slowness of his step. He creeps rather than runs.
It is the image of the hired rhetorician of the Bank
Journal, who parades in his well-fed egotism, who bris-
tles up at the first word of reform, a dangerous and ab-
surd being, who will be crushed a thousand times over
rather than advance a single step. He is besides a bad
sleeper, stuck over with epigrams as thick as quills, and
always ready to sting.
The animal is voracious, and repulsive in aspect, ac-
commodating himself to everythingto fruits and veget-
ables as to snails and small game. Gluttonous and re-
pulsive, it Is also the portrait of the scurvy slave of the
pen, trafficking with all subjects, selling postmasters
appointments and theatre fiankseven promises of min-
isterial smilesand drawing without remorse, from his
sorry Christian conscience, pledges and apologies, at fixed
prices, for nil scoundrels, offering incense to tho Metter-
niches (McCullochs), and deriding the pleaders of the
people. ( De te fabala narratur.) There is a natural
antipathy between tbe dog and the hedgehog ; the first,
emblem of devotion and courage, enemy of iraudulence ;
the other, emblem of cupidity and of cowardice.
The dog becomes infuriated at the sight of the filthy
animal and rushes on him with violence, but as he is
afraid of wounding his nose, he soon renounces the at-
tack and passes on, limiting himself to the expression
of his disgust in makiug his adieus.
Thus the legislator, well-informed but afraid of wound-
ing his fingers in the reform of tho abuses of the venal
press, contents himself with sound curses on the infamy
of the literary blackguard taken in the act of robbery
and peijury ; so that this miserable industry ends by
forming for itself, out of the universal disgust, a sort o
impenetrable cuirass and privilege of impudence, and
not haring to fear the law which disdains it. it profits by
the faculty of defensive repercussion, with which it is
armed, to intimidate its adversaries and to pursue the
course of its depredations. (Examples may be iorrad in
New York as well as in Paris.) This faculty of defensive
repercussion, proper to several species, and especially the
monopolizers, is one of tbe most striking problems of
passional aualogy. Much has been written and discoursed
upon the causes of the grandeur and decline of Na-
poleon Bonaparte, but certainly few suspect that the em-
pire perished from an effect of defensive repercussion, by
a hedgehog manoeuvre (coalition of stockjobbers and
grain commissioners, who, having cause of complaint
against the procedures of tbe great chief toward them,
excited in 1812 a fictitious famine which retarded the
Russian expedition six weeks). Why, also, when the em-
peror had guessed the weak point in the armor of com-
merce and when he wished to deliver the world from
parasitical industry, by depriving it of the two monopo-
lies of the bank and of transportationwhy did ho not
execute this splendid design? Why?why? Ah then,
precisely because commerce is armed with the power
of defensive repercussion, and no one knows by what
part to lay hold of it.
Wheu, alas! will governments, which have under their
eyes the example of Napoleon, overthrown by a coalition
of monopolizers ; when will legislators, who have under
. tbeir eyes the image of Christ, crucified by. the Phari-
sees (Truth sacrificed to Respectability); when will gov-
ernments and legislators, better advised, come to un-
derstand that all the miseries and all the sufferings of
the people proceed from the insatiable rapacity of the
commercial vulture, which incessantly tears at the liver
of tire laborer * and that all the struggles and a)}
the revolutions which aim at thrones have their cause in
the exportation of the laborer by the intermediary para
site.
Alas 1 a hundred times, alas! In place of executing
Napoleons plans of campaign against the hanks and
commerce, the Freuch governments, heirs of the em-
pire, grant premiums of one hundred thousand francs
and more to tbe official organs of the bank for defending
the operations of the monopolizers aud for answering
with pleasant raillery the despairing x>rayers of the la-
borer, who asks to live by his work. And those thinkers
placed highest in public esteem, seem to be struck with
the same vertigo as the governments. (Thank God I in
this country the people are the government, and when
they see what to do, they will not hesitate to act.)
Why defend the retailing, parasitical Bhylock, who
nowhere cultivates the earth, who, throughout his hie,
has done nothing useful with his hands, who now raises
a colossal tithe upon tbe labor of all nations I
The hedgehog has also advocates among the foresters
of France and Germany. Many suppose it innocent be-
cause it destroys pheasants and partridges only in the
egg ; and because it wars only on new-born hares. As
for me, whenever I find it, I cut off its head.
THE SOCIAL EVIL.
We noticed in number fifteen of The Revolution
a short article signed B. C., in which he commends to
Mrs. Stantons careful perusal a work that treat s of
prostitution from the earliest ages to the present time,
and he thinks that it shews conclusively'that all efforts
to" abolish the-evil have been useless and that, "like
liquor dealing," it may he regulated but not abolished.
All efforts to abolish horse stealing have been useless
which proves, like liquor-dealing, it may be regulated
but not abolished. We cannot abolish horse-stealing
by hanging men or confining them in State Prison. The
only way to cure men or women of stealing is to educate
them up to a higher consideration of life and themselves.
So we do not expect to legislate an evil like this out of
existence, but by true education, men and women can
be lifted to a higher plane oi thought, feeling and action
they can be taught to truly love themselves, then
they will live in obedience to the higher law of the spirit
they will abide by the decisions of the moral jud^e
That sits enthroned in the council chamber of their own
beings. Love thy neighbor as thyself* has been the
injunction heralded from the pulpit for hundreds of
.years, hut men have never been philosophically taught
how to love themselves, and is it to be wondered at
they do not love their neighbor? That man who honestly
believes that prostitution can never be abolished is to
be pitied ; for his faith in the progress of the world is
evidently very weak. The very fact that we have men
and women who would die rather than debase them-
selves, under any circumstances, is conclusive evidence


W* fjUv0lnti0tt*
341
that all may attain to that standard, for we are-all chil-
dren of the self-same God, and the sooner we commence
educating the sooner will the end be attained.
M. H. Bhinkekhoff.
JUDGE GEARY OS ILLINOIS.
I had hoped, says a noble woman of Illinois, to have
seen a criticism in some of our Illinois papers upon Judge
Gearys decision, in reference to wife-whipping being no
ground for divorce ; but for some cause there has no-
thing of the kind appeared that I am aware of, therefore I
take the liberty of making a few remarks myself on
Wile-whipping in Illinois, no ground for divorce.
In this, the nineteenth century, when states and gov-
ernments are making rapid strides towards abolishing
corporal punishment in schools, the navy, workhouse,
etc., it is yet a fact that mankind, in his profound con-
lidcucein his own generosity and magnanimity, still re-
coils, in our state, from legislating anything in reference
to tcomen being thus misused by their liego lords and
masters, unless they can make an appearance of ex-
cessive cruelty, or approach the matter by the ordinary
chanels of assault, etc. A little whipping is a very good
thing once in a while for your wives, just to keep them
in order, as you used (o do by your children in times
gone by.
Now, if we offend the lords of creation, and they,
in their infinite judgment, think the case requires
chastisement, they are at perfect liberty to administer
it; and the Chief-Justice merely informs the recipient,
that, the security is in her own power. She has only to
change her conduct; in other words, if, iu our super,
ior judgment, you offer undue provocation to we, strong,
willed and mighty men, you must take the consequences.
We arc strong in muscle but weak in mind; easily pro-
yoked unto wrath and terrible in retribution 1 Look out
for your defenceless heads! We make and administer
the laws ; judge the case, and meet out the punishment!
Stand by and behold the majes'y of power 1
And do thchigh spirited and honorable men of Illinois
suppose their wives and daughters will meekly bow
their heads at this glaring insult placed upon the dig-
nity of married women ? Will wo endure both political
and domestic degradation (apart'from social and moral
evils), without raising oxu* voicos in the demand for jus-
tice ? Should we, we would indoed be unworthy of their
respect or high regard I We must speak for ourselves ;
*or never were the fetters struck from the enthralled
without a protest having been made in his behalf. That
our chains are gilded or softly wrapped, should not
blind us to their purpose j and frequently are women
made to feel their galling power. We have lived long
enough to see, that though the negro has had friends to
speak for him, we must speak for ourselves, or, remain
his inferior; both ifi respect and power.
Yours with respect, p. w. n.
TEE WOMANS KINGDOM.
Sckipture says of Sarah that she obeyed Abraham,
calling him lord, and this text which she quotes ap-
provingly, seems that which chiefly inspires the clever
authoress ot the novel now appearing under the above
title in Harpers Magazine.
Fielding, however, the prince of novelists, had long
ago used the same words illustratively, though iu afar
differeut way, as will be seen by perusing the xivth
chapter of Joseph Andrews, though it is necessary the
whole should be read to fully comprehend the enslave-
ment of the wife and the abominable character of the
low-minded parson Trulliber; still the following extract
may suffice to give point to these remarks :
The good parson Adams, and his execrable brother of
the cloth Jiave sat down to breakfast, Mrs. Trulliber
waiting behind her husbands chair, as was, it seems,
her custom. Trulliber ate heartily, but scarce put any-
thing to hi6 mouth without finding fault with his wifes
cookery ; all of which the poor woman bore patiently. In-
deed, she was so absolute au admirer of her husbands
greatness and importance, of which she had frequent
hints from his own mouth, that sbo almost carried her
adoration to an opinion of his infallibility. To say tho
truth, the parson had exercised her more ways than one ;
and the pious woman had been so woll edified by her hus-
bands sermons, that she had resolved to receive the bad
things of this world together with the good. She had
indeed been at first a little contentious; but he had
long since got the better ; partly by her love for this,
partly by her fear of that; partly by her religion j partly
by the respect he paid himself, and partly by that Which
he received from the parish. She bad, in sho'rfc, abso-
lutely submitted and now' worshipped her husband, as
Sarah did Abraham, calling him (not lord, but) master.
We would not recklessly throw aside just authority, or
neglect the lessons taught of old, we know that Scripture
is written from example and none more willingly would
obey its righteous behests, but what we complain of is
tho wrong application, and unfair, one-sided treatment
of instances and circumstances, according to traditional
interpretations, following in the wake of centuries of
wrong-doing and oppression. We think that particular
examples should not be used lor general application.
Were all men as good and faithful as Abraham is repre-
sented to have been, the particular friend of the Al-
mighty, we might then see, the womans kingdom,
full of less discontented subjects, though we should still
think it wrong to inculcate any submission that does not
follow spontaneously from love, respect, and evident
superiority, for
Were een paradise my prison,
Still would I long to leap its crystal walls.
b. w.
FREE TRADE.
The Free Trade Convention recently held in this
city, condemned a protective tariffbut approved of a
tariff strictly for revenue. These men are not worthy
the name of Free Traders. A revenue tariff is worse than
one for protectionboth an outrage upon the masses of
the people. Of all the methods of taxation devised by
schemers and monopolists, duties upon imports, and the
consequent enhancement of the price of home manufac-
tures, is the most unjust and iniquitous. It is a tax
upon consumption, instead of upon property, by which
the burthens of government are cunningly thrown upon
consumers of foreign and domestic fabrics. Men of
moderate means with large families use more of these
fabrics thau the Astors, the Stewarts and the Vander-
bilts, and thus pay, indirectly, more taxes than the
millionaires. Let us war against all indirect taxation
dispense with Custom Houses and the horde of officials
who are fattening on the product of labor, producing
nothing themselvesand acting as the political tools of
corrupt politicians. We need the purifying influence ot
Womans Suffrage to place the burthens of government
where they belong, upon accumulated wealth.
New York, May 21. g. w. p.
A WOMAN BEFORE ROYALTY.
In 1785 Mrs. Adams accompanied her hus-
band to the Court of George the Third. Mr.
Partons Peoples Biography, as appears from
advance sheets, ywill contain the following ac-
count of Mrs. Adamss presentation to the King
and Queen. The idea that a woman should go
herself as the Minister Plenipotentiary strikes
almost everybody as preposterous. That wo-
men or men either should be compelled to sub-
mit to most of the Tom Fooleries of a foreign
Court Embassy is indeed too absurd to contem-
plate. But to Mr. Parton:
Upon arriving at the palace, Mrs. Adams and her
' daughter, plainly attired as etiquette permitted, were con-
ducted through several rooms, all lined with spectators,
to the Queen's Drawing Rooman apartmen t not unlike,
in size and general appearance, the woll known East
Room in the Presidents house at Washington. Here
they found a large and brilliant company assembled.
There were courtiers and other noble men in magnifi-
cent costume, wearing orders and ribbons, and glillcr-
iug with gems. There were young ladies, daughtors of
noblemen, who were to be presented to tho royal family
for the first time ; these were dressed in white and
flowers, and wore no jewelry. Tiiere were their mothers
in gorgeous dress and all ablaze with jewels. There
were ambassadors clad in the sumpiuousness of conti-
nental courts, then* breasts covered with orders and1
medals. There, also, were John Adams and his Secre-
tary of legation, in their plain court dress, with tbe:r
swords at their sides.
As the moment approached for the entrance of the
royal fjmiiy, the company arranged themselves along
the sides of Ihe room leaving an open space in the mid-
dle. A door at the end of the apartment opened, and
the King entered, followed by the Queen and two of her
daughters, each attended by a lady who carried her
train. At a levee in Washington, the President takes bis
stand, and all the company file past him, each individual
shaking hands with him ; he, as a rule, not speaking to
any one. Even this, simple ceremony is very fatiguing.
Far more laborious is the task of the King of England
on public days. On this occasion, the king, on entering
the room, turned to the right, the queen and princesses
to the left, and both made the complete circuit of the
apartment, holding a short conversation iu a low tono
with almost every individual present A master of cere-
monies went before the king to announce the names of
the company. We need hardly say, that no one pre-
sumes to shake hands with a king.
As there were two hundred persons present it re-
quired four mortal hours for the king and queen to get
round the room; during which every one remained
silent except when addressed by king, queen, or prin-
cess. All were standing ; to sit down in the presence of
a monaich were a breach of etiquette of the most un-
heard of atrocity.
At length the king approached the American ladies.
4 Mrs. Adams, said the lord in waiting.
The lady thus announced took off the glove of her
right hand; hut the king, according to the usage, kissed
her left cheek. The following profound and interesting
conversation took place between the king and Mrs.
Adams :
The King** Have you taken a walk to-day ?
Mrs. Adams(Half inclined to tell his majesty that
she had been busy all the morning getting ready to go to
court) No, sir.
The KingWhy, dont you love walking ?
Mrs. Adams4* I am rather indolent, sir, in that re-
spect.
The king then bowed, and passed on. The ladies re-
mained standing two hours longer, when the queen and
princesses drew near. The queen, a plain little body,
dressed in jrnrple and silver, appeared embarrassed
when the name of Mrs. Adams was announced to her.
Have you got into your new house? she asked;*
aDd pray how do you like the situation of it?
Mrs. Adams satisfied the queen on these points, and
the queen resumed her progress. Tbo princess royal
folldwed, who asked Mrs. Adams whether she was not
tired; and lurther remarked, that it was a very full
drawing-room that day. Next came the Princess Au-
gusta, who asked Mrs. Adams whether she had ever
been in England before. Yes. How long ago ?
Mrs. Adams answered the question, and was again left
to herself. She was much pleased with the easy and
cordial manners of these young ladies. They were very
pretty, she says, and were both dressed in black and
silver silk, with a silver netting upon their coat, and
their heads full of diamond pins. As to the other
ladies present, she declares that most of them were very
plain, ill-shaped, aDd ugly. Nor did she conceive a
very high opinion of the intellectual calibre of his
gracious Majesty, George III.
POSITIVISM IN PARIS.
A correspondent of the London Spectator
gives the following account of a visit to the
Positivist Church in Paris :
Having had the advantage during the past summer of
hearing some of Mr. Congreves Sunday lectures on
the Positive Philosophy, I attended on Sunday last in
Paris, moved by a desirS for further information, M.
Lafltte's inaugural sermon on the same subject. M.
Lafltte, who taaes the title in the printed programme of
his lectures of * Directeur de Positivisme, a man of
vast and varied reading, represents in France what Mr.
Congreve docs in England, Positivism as a religion and a
social reformation.
The convention was held in a room sacred to the
Positivists in the apartments iubabited by Auguste
Comte, at No. if. Rue de Modsicur le Prince, the Koaba
or Santa Cusa ot the Comlistjs, which has been religiously
preserved unaltered. A few relics of tlie master hung
upon the walls. About thirty orforty persons were pre-
sent, including seven ladies. A notice at the entrance
requested: Les personnes qniviennent en sabots sent
pries de les laisser au bas de lescalier. The sermon
lasted two hours. Adj of your readers who happon to
pass a Sunday in Paris bclore Easter can hear the elo-
quent director of Positivism at one oclock, at the above
named address. M. Lafltte complained angrily of Mr.
J. S. Mill and M. Liltre, who misled the public by pre-
senting Positivism as a mere method of philosophical
research, and ignoring its more important character.
Nous nous voukns une morale etun culte, et nous De
sommes pas des Cupacine pour ccla! The worship
and tho ceremonial that are to be established M. Lafltte
did not describe, but the bagiology of Positivism is
nearly equal to that of the Roman Catholic Church,
wbi:h it proposes to upset.


342
My object in writing to you, sir, is to inquire from any
Positivist who will be good enough to answer me, wbat
right the School has in arrogating to itself the title of
Positive ? And in wbatit differs from every other school
of philosophy ? We have all been assured that it only
admitted conclusions which are not open to controversy,
and I learn now that Mr, J. S. Mill disagrees with Au-
guste Comte in the Westminister Review, and M. Tvittre
complains of Mr. J. S. Mill in tho Revue des Deux Mondcs.
M. Lafitte, pircctcur du Posilivisme, tells me that
both these eminent thinkers are heretics, and the ortho-
doxy of Mr. G. H. Lewes is suspected by M. Congreve 1
In Gormany, the fatherland of great thinkers, Auguste
Corato has found no adherents. In England his adhor-
ents yearly increase.
In consulting an article on him in a German periodical,
Unserc Zeit, X am informed that with the present diffu-
sion of superficial knowledge tho number of persons
greatly increases who feel the intellectual want of a ^sys-
tem of philosophy, and who have not leisure or vigor of
intellect enough to master Hegel aud his commentators.
This respectable and numerous class are very fairly sup-
plied by the Positive philosophy with what they seek and
requiro, says the German reviewer.
And A. Comte himself, to the surprise of Mr. Mill and
tho regret of M. Littre, surrenders at the end of his
work (VI., 639) the very basis upon which his whole sys-
tem is constructed. He claims in express terms an un-
limited license of adopting without any vain scruple
hypothetical conceptions, in order to satisfy within
proper limits our just mental inclinations, which al-
ways turn with an instinctive predilection towards sim-
plicity, continuity, and generality of conception. A
complete dereliction of the essential principles which
form the Positive conception of scieuce, adds Mr. J. S.
Mill in bis book on Comte (p 62). I have never had any
other complaint against the Positive philosophy beyond
that it did not satisfy our just mental inclinations, as
its author himself admits.
TIIE REGULATING POWER.
Bv tho quick race that the accumulation of wealth in
the bands of a few'of the whole population of the United
States makes on the one side, with about ninety per cent,
ol tho producing people, who impoverish in spite of the
sweat on their brow on the other, each party running to
opposite directions, instead of'pursuing one and the
same aim, both must come to a dangerous precipice or to
utter ruin ; it' not, a wfse government puts her hand to
the ventil like the engineor who has to keep balance of
the steam with the strength of the moving power of an
engine.
On this subject we meet two different opinions. The
one is defended by the privileged class with all the
power capital can dispose of, and the other by a com-
paratively few honest philanthropists and a few hundred
of the sufferers who have education enough to be able to
look into such matters.
To illustrate the battle-field of this important question
I will enumerate the means and strength of each
party ;
STRENGTH AND NUMBER OF THE PRIVILEGED CLASS.
General Lieutenant; Secretary of Treasurer; his aid-
dc-camps; National and other bankers, brokers, mer-
chants, stock-jobbers, etc. Right wing: Railroad and
steamboat companies, land, gas companies and other
monopolists. Left wing : Protective Tariff, manufac-
turers, etc. Centre: a corrupt legislative body and
Senate and a traitor as the Executive, both disputing
about the boojy stolen from tho great mass.
What a kindness of a few honest philanthropists to
measure weapons with such a well armed foe!
This army has all possible means in her power for
defence. If she has ho key to the armories, she possesses
the pass par tout for, money, which opens the locks of
the highest legislative body to the smallest city govern-
ment, and in need of moral defence, this key fits the
locks of our public opinion and opens the hearts of
most the publishers of our newspapers, and if necessary
the strongest locks'of courts of justice. But in number,
their force is very small, only about ten per cent, of the
population.
Let us now muster our weapons with those of out
foe. We have got no key to the armories to defend our
material interests, and no means to buy or influence
public opinion by the press, nor have we a legislative
or any other body in our favor, and if we would steal the
thousandth part of the amount which capital, iu com-
bination with a corrupt legislation, steals every hour
from labor, we have to march to prison. There we stand
nearly naked! our only hope is justice, but even this is

not to be got without money. But there is two beaming
hopes left for us. The first, is the progress of civiliza-
tion of the nineteenth century, and the second, the
doubling of the number of our army when our wives
cm join us in casting their votes against our oppressors
and demand from the government a regulatiug power.
Shall Women be Lawyers and Act Before the
Kings.It is all very well; but can a barrister enter
into a dialogue with an actress without derogating from
the dignity of his toga ?
I lean towards the affirmative. Let us consult pre-
cedents without recurring to antediluvian ones, as they
do sometimes in England. Frederick the Great re-
ceived Mdlle. Clairon at his Palace of Sansouci; in
presence of his courtiers he welcomed the actress with
two verses of Metope. She played several scenes of
Voltaires tragedies at the request of the King, who gave
her the replique ditring the whole of that literary soiree.
Joseph If. of Austria met Madame Vestris at Marshal
Richelieus. Having a desire to show that he was versed
in French literature as deeply as his neighbor Borussia,
the august tourist prayed the tragedian to declaim some
scenes of Zaire, and he deigned to assist her by reciting
from memory the parts of Owsmane and Nevcrtom.
Bonaparte delighted in reading with Talma the best
pages of Corneille. The bearers of the First Consul
and of the tragedian were simply all the great people of
the time, assembled for the purpose at the Malmaison.
Bonaparte used to electrify the audience when he was
uttering
Le premier qui fut roi, fut on soldat heureux;
* Qui sert bien son pays n a pas besoin dayeux.
Lastly, Chateaubriand bad no hesitation in declaiming
with Rachel in the Abbaye-aux-bois, where Madame Rc-
camier lived not many years ago.Echoes of the Clubs.
Russia Leading Off the Revolution.How
rapidly an idea once started will roll along tlie
path of progress. See what is being done in
Russia ?
Miss Sousloff, a young woman who recently obtained
a doctors diploma at Zurich for surgery and midwifery,
ha s just passed an examination here with the intention
of practicing in Russia. According to the law, in order
to have the right of so doing, a doctor who has taken his
degree at any foreign university is compelled to submit
to an examination before the medical hoard at theMinis-
tere de llnterieur. It was before this council that Miss
Sousloff was examined viva voce in physiology, therapeu-
tics, midwifery and surgery, besides writing a satisfac-
tory essay on the ladylike subject of the lymphatic
glands. As there is no instance of a woman taking the
degree of D.M. an Russia, the board takes refuge be-
hind the law which authorizes foreign doctors to prac-
tice in the country, on condition they abide by certain
regulations, and accordingly proposes to grant this
privilege to Miss Sousloff, but the authorization must be
previously sanctioned and confirmed by the Emperor.
Correspondent of Petersburg Standard.
What a British Woman Did.During .the
reign of Nero a part of Briton was subjugated
by tlie Romans under Gen. Paulinus. But soon
afterwards, the free sxiirit of Boadicea, Queen of
the Iceni, a Britanic tribe- that inhabited the
region about.Norwich, unable to bear the yoke
of a conqueror, excited her people to a revolt,
and made a noble effort to regain her former free-
dom. Marching to London, then a flourishing
Roman town, she destroyed it, and was follow-
ing this up with other successes, when she was
defeated in a sanguinary battle by the Roman
general; and rather than surrender to her hated
foes she poisoned herself.
Here we have another proof that the4 4 sphere
of woman is not that given to her by men ; but
that it is as wide as her talents. If the sphere
of some women does not extend beyend the
limits of silly fashion, should all womanhood be
debarred from passing beyond ? Common sense
and justice say no!
Nineteen young ladies have availed themselves of the
privilege of entering the college classes at Bloomington,
Indiana
TROUBLESOME WOMEN.
A celebrated lawyer once said that tho three most
troublesome clients ho ever had were a young lady who
wanted to be married, a married woman who wanted a
divorce, and an old maid who didnt know what she
wanted.Trenton (AT. /.) Union Sentinel.
Yet if that celebrated gentleman was like
most lawyers ho would have held up his hands
in conservative horror at the proposition to wid-
en the sphere of these women so as to allow a
proper and useful exercise of their misdirected
energy. He no doubt preferred to make his liv-
ing by the easy mode of taking fees for being
bothered, to the somewhat less ready way of let-
ting these women contest the palm of superiority
with him at the bar.
It this celebrated gentleman found himself
shut out by a social ostracism stronger than law
from every employment to which he found him-
self congenial, how long would it be before his
groping, after some direction in which he might
spend his God-given powers without offending
delicacy, would make him as troublesome
to those around him as the women of whom he
complains.
Divorces.The Chicago Bible is to contain an extra
register leaf for divorces.Exchange.
If all accounts are to be believed, Chicago is cutting
out Indiana as the Doctors Commons of the Nation.
Husbands whose wives are tired of their rulers, and
wives whose husbands are tired of women whom they
pretended to love better than all the worldwhile they
supposed that the real objects of their affections, moneybags,
were under said deluded womans controlmay now cease
to fear the poisoned cup and the private lunatic asylum ;
for their partners, to fid themselves of them, have only
to take the next train for Chicago, and on stepping out
of the depot at arriving, will be surrounded by boys
(who in less wide-awake and accomplished cities sell
conservative newspapers,) shouting Step this way, di-
vorce yer in five minutes 1 andWantdvoss, want
dvoss, put you through by daylight and marry yer
over agin in forty seconds ?
Seriously, what a lamentable exhibit is the position of
Chicago in this matter of the defective education of
bachelors, and wails in the nature of that relation which
lies at the foundation of society!
The advocates of Womens Rights have reason to con-
gratulate themselves and their fair clients on an impor-
tant decision which has just been rendered in the Phila-
delphia Court3. The board of Directors of the public
schools ol that city appointed Mrs. McManus principal
of one of the schools at the usual salary (1,500) previous-
ly paid to tiie male incumbent of the position. The board
of Controllers, however, refused to sanction the payment
of so large a salary, solely on the ground that the appoin-
tee was a woman, who, iu their wisdom, they therefore
decided was not entitled to it. The two boards went to
law about it, and the Controllers got beat as they de-
served.iNr. Y. Times.
The age of chivalry is coming once more. If
the women of Philadelphia had the ballot they
could vote these ignorant Controllers, who nev-
er asked whether Mrs. McManus was as good a
teacher as her predecessor, to the shades of pri-
vate life. But it is a good thing that they did
what they did, for that brought the subject into
the Courts, before the people, and in all the
journals of the nation. All we need to ensure
victory is agitation.
Margaret Chambers McEnight, of Philadelphia, re-
cently deceased, bequeathed to the American Bible So-
ciety, Philadelphia, $1,000 ; American Board of Com-
missioners for Foreign Missions, $500: Philadelphia
Education Society, $500 ; Union School and Childrens
Home, $500 ; American Tract Society, Philadelphia,
$500. The remainder of her estate, after paying certain
private bequests, is to go to the Union Benevolent'As
sociatioD.
What is the reason that these rich women


343

never remember their own sex. It is a little
remarkable that so many women of wealth leave
bequests to all these societies and colleges for
men, but never leave anything for the educa-
tion and elevation of women. We are glad to
see that rich men are turning their attention to
young women. Vassar and Cornell have done a
splendid work, let Astor, A. T. Stewart and
other millionaires do likewise, thus mani-
festing some gratitude for all that women have
done for men and hoys in the past.
LETTER FROM MR. TRAIN.
Four Courts Marshalsea, May 9,1868.
Deae Revolution: Am crowding this
pure and undefiled government to the wall.
They are now more anxious to get me out than
they were to get me in. And all say when I
get out and lecture Monday night in the Ro-
tunda, they will arrest me again. See my
three letters to World to-day. I am out now,
although in. Shall remain as long as possible,
but probably to-morrow I must move to Shel-
burne. Who should pop in on me, Thursday
morning, but Colonel Nagle.
He comes out a new man. Nagle and all the
Jacknel men give me credit for tbeir release.
RELEASE OF THE JACKNELL PRISONERS.
On Wednesday night u Colonel Nagle, and the other
prisoners charged with having been concerned in the
Jacknel expedition, were released unconditionally by
order of the government. The Jacknell, or Erins
Hope, was the name of the vessel alleged to have been
sent by the Fenians to the coast of Ireland for tho pro-
motion of tbeir cause. Colonel Nagle, who seems rather
improved in appearance, twas yesterday recognized in
different parts of the city. He paid a visit to Mr. Train
in the Four Courts, and seemed much interested in tho
various courts and tho different, cases at hearing. It is
understood that at the end of the week he and the other
porsons who were liberated purpose leaving Iroland for
America.freemans Journal.
Although he did not ask it, I knew that
no funds hud arrived for him from any of the
Fenians in America, aud I am not aware that
Adams is giving him anything, so I slipped into
his band twenty sovereigns which I had over, for
a friend in need is a friend indeed. Money is
the only test of a mans being in earnest.
While out to-day, Nugent, Fitzgibbon, and
Nagle, at the Star and Garter, fairly hugged me
with delight when they saw me at liberty. I
dont know which surprised them the most,
being out themselves or seeing me out. I lec-
ture Monday night to get funds for the other
Jacknell men t) get home.
m. HOLLAND ON THE IRISH VOTING.
Dr. Holland is one of the livest of the Irish
writers. He says that the Fenians have it all
their own way, and can elect their President.
CONCENTRATION OF THE IRISH VOTE.
I imderstiind that a'society is being formed here whose
object is certainly a very desirable one. It proposes, in
view of the approaching Presidential and other elections
which take place next November, to labor lor the con-
centration of the Irish voteto unite the Irish electors
of the Union as far as possible in one solid body which
shall dictate terms to such candidates as may appeal for
their support. Hitherto, the Irish citizens of the United
States have formed a disorganized mass, a mere chaos.
For the most part they have supported the democratic
party ; but the advantages which they have as yet de-
rived from their fidelity to the Conservative element in
the State have been infinitossimal. The treatment of
American citizens in Iroland, and the cool indifference
which American statesmen and legislators exhibited on
the question, are proofs of that. Now, what I understand
is proposed by the new society is this : that Irish citi-
zens all over the Union shall form themselves into a solid
organization ; that they will hold aloof from all factions
n the State and ccmprctniee themselves with none
that they will demand certain pledges (favorable to Irish
interests and Irish nationality), and they will vote en
masse for the party which gives the most satisfactory and
sincevest pledges. If the Irish could be induced to do
this, there can bo no doubt they could elect whichever
candidate they liked. But I fear the new society has un-
dertaken a most arduous task.Dr. Holland's Correspon-
dence in Ike Irishman,
ONE DAY IN ENGLAND, THE NEXT IN IRELAND.
THE TEAIN AND NAGLE EXCITEMENT AT CORK
AND QUEENSTOWN.
Impebial Hotel, Cork, May 16.
Dear Revolution: Yesterday in Man-
chester, and to-day in Cork. These rapid
movements in the enemies lines create dismay
in their camp. They cannot understand it.
They think I am his satanic majesty himself,
one day ; the next, that I go him one better,
as they say at poker.
From the-Irishman.
THE JACKNELL PRISONERS AND 3UR. TRAIN. \
A correspondent of the Express', writing from
Cork on Thursday, says :
Throughout this day numerous visitors called on Mr.
Train at the hotel, aud about two oclock bo entertained
all his friends to dinner. The feast, however, was marred
by the appearance of a messenger from tho ship, who
came to urge the immediate departure of the emigrants,
as the tender was about to move off. Mr. Train h .d only
time in the confusion of the departure to call for three
cheers for Colonel Nagle-and the men oi the ** Jaoknell,
which was responded to. with enthusiasm. Colonel
Naglo, accompanied by Mr. Train and his friends, then
hurried to the wharf, where they were received by the
large crowd which assembled with cheers. The hands
of the suspected Fenians were .wrenched right and left
with unpleasant eagerness, and Mr. Train was hustled
aboubasif ho was a precious plaything. Thescenewasa
curious one as the tender moved off, with hundreds oi
green boughs rpvised in the air, cheers ringing over the
curses of the boatmen, the relatives of the emigrants'
half-sobs, half-cheers, tho world chaos of trundling lug-
gage, and the figure of Colonel Nagle on the poop kissing
farewell to Ireland and the assembled throng. As the
tender at last parted from the wharf, and struck out into
the hay, Colonel Nagle stepped forward and gave Three
cheers for Train and Liberty, to which Mr. Train
shouted wildly for three last ones, for Coloned Nagle
and the men of the Jaclrnoll, which rose in one fierce
hurrah, from every mouth on the wharf, and then the
last look of the emigrants turned towards the broad At-
lantic. Tlie crowd had far increased in number when
tho tender was observed returning home, and the most
demonstrative exhibitions of devotion to Mr. Train, who
accompanied Colonel Nagle to the ship, were made in
anticipations of his landing. When at length the steamer
came alongside, and he landed, then he was surrounded
by a dense crowd of men and women, almost all bearing
green boughs, and shouting for him in the most vocifer-
ous manner. Mr, Train repeatedly bowed his acknow-
ledgments ; and when he reached ,the hotel he found
the crowd so clamorous, and increasing every moment,
that ho was about to address them from the window. But
be was dissuaded from this by the representations made
to him of the danger in which such a proceeding might
place the license of the hotel. Every moment, expecting
that Mr Train woul i address them, the crowd grew to
extraordinary proportions, and threatened to test tho
accommodation of the square ; but tSey wero compen-
sated for their disappointmentby the ovatioii with which
they groeted his departure for the railway at 5 p. m. It
was with difficulty he could make his way through the
pressing crowd, and when at length ho reached the sta-
tion, although tbo train was on the point of starting, the
demand of tho crowd for a speech was so unmistakable
that'Mr. Train was forced to address them. He spoke as
follows: Irishmen and Irishwomen! the train starts in
two minutes! Four months ago I was arrested in your
town, and when I was asked for my autographs in tb e pre-
sence of the police, I wrote* Pay the Alabama claims,
or fightRelease Nagle and Warren, or war. My words,
have come to pass. I have at least extinguished one
proverb, tor I am a prophet in my own country as well
as here. The Alabama claims have been acknowledged
(loud cheers). Nagle has been released (cheers). I am
after seeing Nagle off, and when he was leaving he asked
for three cheers lor Train and Liberty! (Loud
cheers.) I responded with three cheers tor Nagle and
the American ship in British waters (great cheering).
Among other telegrams sent in the course of the day,
Mr. Train sent the following cable telegram to the
editor of the New York World: Saw Nagle off. Shall
release Warren and Costello at once. Hurrah!
Sincerely,
Geo. Francis Train.
WHAT THE POOR EAT.
In the law of M-oses as in Deuteronomy xiv :
21, it was written for Jewish observance, Ye
shall not eat of the thing that dieth of itself;
ye may give, or sell it to tie alien or the stranger
that is within thy gates.
But according to the Report of the Bureau
of Vital Statistics for last week in this city by
Dr. Harris, a worse bill of fare, if possible, is
frequently before the poor, if even the rich es-
cape. We claim to be a civilized not savage, a
Christian not Pagan, nor yet Jewish nation!
But tl e report of Dr. Harris illustrates our pro-
fessions in a frightful manner. It says there is
much-harm done to the ignorant poor by a low
class of market-men and tenement grocers,
who offer in their filthy shambles certain peril-
ous meats, and sour, spoiled, and adulterated
food articles. And the present is perhaps the
worst season of the year in some of these abuses ;
for example, there were no less than seventy-
five immature calves seized and condemned in
a single market in one day. Whoever will go
down among the ignorant poor and examine
into their child-feediug, will see a ripe field for
sanitary missions for the saving of childrens
lives, and the wants there extend far up through
all that pertains to the homes of the poor, and
invites a vast amount of systematic effort to
benefit them in accordance with tho good
maxim, Corpus senare esi animam salvars.
A coldly critical newspaper writer says that Miss
Anna Dickinson is rather pretty, has beautiful hands,
and parts her hair on one side.
No, Anna parts her hair in the middle, and
has a beautiful head and face. One of the best
likenesses she has ever had taken may now be
seen at the office of The Revolution en-
graved by Mr. Geo. E. Perine, 111 Nassau
street.
Miss Edaionia Lewis, the colored artist, has sent home
iroin Italy a statuette group in marble of two figures
illustrating the actof emancipation. It is on exhibition
in Tremont street, Boston.
Black! and a woman! and yet gifted with
genius. We hope Wendell Phillips will go and
see the statuette, and then consider if the black
women of the South are not worthy the right of
suffrage. When he demands the ballot, as a
weapon of protection for the black man alone,
he forgets that the women need it more than
the men, not to protect themselves against each
other, but the whole mule sex, black and white.
Is THERE ANY QUESTION ABOUT THE REVOLU-
lution?This speaks more than a whole vol-
ume. Why shouldnt ladies respond to toasts ?
. At the banquet offered to Baron Budberg by his bro-
ther diplomatists ou his retirement from his post at
Paris, ladies were present aud made speeches. The
Priacess Mettornich proposed the Barouoss de Budberg,
and the Baroness replied.
The World makes a continual effort to cor-
rect the errors of the Iribune; tlie Tribune just
as unceasingly endeavors to civilize the World;
but it will need a Revolution to do either
the one or the other.
John F. Cook,- a colored man, will be alderman from
the first ward in Washington.


344
§ mi ration.
Clir RtMlitiin.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PIDIiSIUJRY,
Editors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
. NEW YORK, JUNE 4, 1868.
TRACTS.
We have now a complete series of all our
tracts, republished, and will meet the numer-
ous orders we have from the South and West
as rapidly as possible. We have been moving
our office to another room, which has caused
some delay in filling orders as promptly as we
should otherwise have done.
WILL TAMMANY HALL ACCEPT THE
SITUATION ?
The question now is on everybodys lips,
What will the democrats do? Base them-
selves on principle is the prompt reply on all
sides. Let their platform be Universal Suf-
frage and universal amnesty, free trade, green-
backs, and a financial policy that shall protect
labor against capital. And if Chase and Han-
cock are ready for this high position, with
such candidates and principles, the demo-
cratic party could sweep everything before
thorn and elect their ticket beyond a question.
Principle is always the wisest policy. The
people of this country are tired of feeding on
chaff, or party cries that mean;nothing, tired of
expediency as the nations law, of class legisla-
tion, misrule and corruption. Even those who
are in the whirlpool of politics, blinded, be-
trayed, bewildered, with no confidence in them-
selves or each other, sigh for some solid ground,
some eternal principle to stand upon. All alike
deplore the lamentable condition of politics and
the lack of virtue and integrity in our public
men. The readiness with which those in whom
we have had the most confidence accuse and
denounce each other, as guilty of bribery and
peijiuy, should warn the people that there is
something rotten at the very heart of the nation.
If this impeachment trial, which, in its revela-
tions of the lack of principle in our rulers, is
enough to make all true women blush for their
sires and sons, does its legitimate work, the
people will sweep this whole dynasty into
nothingness, reorganize a national party, with
sounder men on a sounder platform, than any
political party has yet given us.
The positions of all our political parties for
the last eight years have been equally unprin-
cipled and absurd. Peace Democrats planted
themselves on the Union, the constitution and
the laws, but inasmuch as the Union is broken,
the constitution amended, and the laws changed
in every State every year, there is no use for
a man to plant himself anywhere, in this transi-
tion period, but on some principle that is good
for all time and eternity. The war democrats
proclaimed themselves ready to fight for their
country and the flag, but not for the nigger,
but inasmuch as the whole war turned on the
nigger, they fought his battles in spite of
themselves, and in his freedom, redeemed the
country from the sin of slavery.
Conservative republicans, with Weed at their
head, uncertain where to go, or what to do,
have been coquetting .a little all round with
war democrats, peace democrats and radicals,
but not finding anything satisfactory in the
embrace of either, betook themselves in their
dotage to the whiskey ring, to wire-pulling and
money-making.
The radicals, with the loftiest professions of
patriotism and principle, have had no time to
attend to either, all their energies have been
taxed, on the one hand, to keep the hungry de-
mocrats from the public crib, by making the
people believe that the life of the nation de-
pended on the republican party, and on the
other hand to smooth down the ruffled feathers
of abolitionists, by making them believe that on
their party depended the safety of the black
race.
The abolitionists, weary of their long strug-
gle with a wicked and perverse generation, and
deluded with the fair promises of radicals,
hoisted the flag of negro suffrage, and laid
down to sleep on the republican platform,
occasionally rousing themselves to urge the
radicals to do their duty and the women to
leave theirs undone. The rustling of silks,
said they, disturbs our slumbers, pray keep
still; beside, tbis is the negros hour. Now,
in this state of things, it is plain enough to
see that there is a work beyond all these parties
for some one to do. We had looked to the abo-
litionists to be the true leaders in this hour;
trained in the school of individual rights, they
should have enunciated the true basis of recon-
struction in equal rights to every citizen,
the true financial policy that should protect
labor against capital; but, instead of states-
men, they proved themselves narrow partisans,
crying negro! negro! as if his rights and inter-
ests did not rest on precisely the same founda-
tion as all other citizens, and as if in settling
the basis of government, we did not settle the
status of each individual. In their narrow
policy, they have defeated the very end they
most desired.
We have had some hopes of the radical branch
of the republican party ; but Grant and Col-
fax on the Chicago platform, with their divided
forces, represent nothingneither party, prin-
ciple, or the public sentiment of the American
people. Of the two questions, suffrage and
finance, which most concern us just now, they
give us no philosophical solution of either,
though they are questions that the simplest
mind can readily grasp.
As to suffrage, if that is a natural right, then
it belongs equally to every man and woman,
and it is treason to withhold it from either.
If it is a political right, inasmuch as our gov-
ernment has already extended suffrage to all the
most ignorant classes of white men, might they
not, without endangering the state, extend it
also to educated black men and women, grant-
ing that ignoraut black men and women might
be a worse element in politics than ignorant
white men, which we do not.
As to the whole financial problem, it is plain
enongh, that a system that enables the few to
monopolize the wealth of a nation, its lands,
mines, manufactures, monies, all the industry
of the masses, must be unsound, and danger-
ous to the peace and prosperity of the country.
Finance, like suffrage, rests on individual
rights. A system that deprives one man of a
fight, or cripples his development in any direc-
tion, is a detriment to all.
What we need to-day is a party based on broad
philosophical principles, on a wise selfishness,
that shall show the few that their best interests
and those of their children, and their country,
all alike depend on the virtue, education, health,
happiness, and prosperity of the masses of the
people, and the day is already dawning for its
realization. Thinking men, working men and
women ; intellect, activity, affection, are com-
bining everywhere and forming a trinity that is
destined to sweep away these corrupt and
swindling politicians, bondholders, bankers and
monopolists, and to build upon this continent
a government of justice and equality.
e. c. s.
THE TRUTH AT LAST.
FOGG AND CHANDLER.
Nothing is ever lost by prudent, patient wait-
ing. There is no iniquity covered which shall
not be revealed in due time. The political skies
in New Hampshire are rather squally just now,
owing-to a little eruption of truth-telling among
the republicans. The democrats, since their
defeat in March, seem to have shown them-
selves suitably meek and humble. No party
ever held a better hand for a victory than did
the democrats in that election. No party ever
played worse. None was ever more ignomini-
ously beaten. Ignominiously, because unneces-
sarily beaten. The ruin of that party is negre-
phobia. It has become chronic, and is doubt-
less incurable. It has been its curse for forty
years. No yellow fever, no Asiatic cholera, no
Hebrew leprosy, no Egyptian plague was ever
so dreadful. To this hour it rages with unabated
fury. Indeed, it never was more maliguant than
at present. The abolition of slavery, if anything,
has augmented its fury. One can hardly be-
lieve the party leaders have heard of that sub-
lime event. They adjust all their machinery
and movements precisely as in the days of Cal-
houn and Daniel Webster. The stock in trade
is all included in one word'; one elegant word of
but two voweis and four consonants, as they
spell it, namely, Nigger. That is all. But it
is a word of mightiest meaning! There are
probably not one hundred families of colored
people jn all the State, but the devil and all his
angels would not be a more dreadful omnipre-
sence. Republican rottenness there is rank,
smelling to heaven, polluting the atmosphere,
poisoning every green thing ; but strangely,
enough, a democrat can smell nothing appar-
ently but Nigger. The whole carrion corpse of
an effete, long ago worn out republicanism,
swung between the wmd and its olfactories,
does not move a muscle.. It still cries nigger,
nigger! At the March election, it imported
bronchial organs of terrible calibre from New
York, from Iowa, from Maine and other States to
yell out the demoniac doxology in the can-
vass, and yet were defeated in the election, as
it deserved, and will continue to deserve, until
it changes the idol and worship.
And, singularly enough, while bellowing forth
anathemas against the nigger, and nigger
supremacy in the South, the democrats of
South Carolina, Georgia and other States, under
the lead of Governor Hammond, are proposing
and purposing to adopt colored suffrage as part of
their policy, so soon as their State governments
are adjusted. But New Hampshire democrats
are not likely to hear of this, and may not know
it until perchance in the next century, some of
them may get elected to Congress, and will be
horror stricken to find that colored members
and perhaps women have sat there for Jears ;
have been speakers of the House; and many
times heads of the most important committees.
Surely the renowned Rip Yan Winkle has man'


Slu ^n'ohttiuu.
345
descendants worthy of their illustrious paren-
tage. What bred this terrible hate of the ne-
gro in these democratic veins, no mortal man
pretends to divino. Among all the colored
population of the State, there are few paupers,
or prisoners. Most of them live decently and
comfortably ; educating their .children, attend-
ing religious worship and conducting iu all ro-
respects as becomes good citizens ; though pro-
scribed and persecuted by almost all other
classes in a thousand ways. The negro pew is
as common in one church as another. A re-
publican has never yet, so far as known, taught
one of them any trade or art, or assisted one
into any of the more respectable and honorable
callings. Generally, they are only waiters, bar-
bers, boot blacks, or domestics ; field hands or
house servants. And considering all their dis-
couragements and disabilities, it is complimen-
tary to human nature that they have carried
themselves so well through so many years.
But it was of the republicans that we intended
to speak. Waxing fat, like the old patriarch,
they have begun to kick each other. What
make3 the quarrel doubly or nationally signifi-
cant is that the subject of it was for two years
or more Assistant Treasurer under Mr. McCul-
loch. Headers of The Revolution may have
been startled at our bold exposures and denun-
ciations of the downright swindling policy of
the Treasury Department. We ask their atten-
tion to the testimony of one of Chandlers
own townsmen, a radical republican, senior
proprietor and editor of the New Hampshire
Independent Democrat, and late Minister to the
Republic of Switzerland, Mr, George G. Fogg.
Mr. Chandler having been appointed delegate
to the Chicago Convention, the N. H. Statesman,
a conservative republican journal, thus intro?
duced him in an extended notice :
The election of the Hon. Win. E. Chandler is a compli-
ment to that gentleman which ho eminently merits. * *
Mr. Chandler has grown up, hoy and man, iu this city,
and has the esteem and confidence of all our citizens.
His ability, experience, tact, moral courage, and personal
purity, have Jouud him favor wherever known, either in
public or professional life, and make him a peculiarly fit
person to be an ambassador at Chicago, charged with
the opinions and speaking for the interests of New
Hampshire republicans.
To this, and more like it, Mr. Fogg responds
in his Independent Democrat in the following
manner :
A resident of Washington, fresh from Andrew John-
son's kitchen, and still up to his arm-pits in Uncle Sams
strong box, who has just been chosen an ambassador
at Chicago, charged with the opinions and speaking for
the interests of New Hampshire .Republicans, ought
not to he thus summarily dispatched. * * * * *
He grew to he* an office boy of Franklin Piorce, and
finally blossomed into a * beardless and briefless lawyer
without a client. In this dilemma he must have starved,
but recollecting his early penchant for pulling out a
plum, ho had the sagacity to join the strongest party,
and modestly ask for an of Ice, Ho asked to be appointed
City Solicitor! Though everybody know he was not
qualified, and could only discharge the duties by the aid
of older men, this plum &\vas given to him, and since
that day, the first year of his voting, ho has not been
without from one to four plums at a time in his mouth
ever since.
Early attaching himself to the porsonal and political
fortunes of the most unscrupulously corrupt and v/nprin-
* cipled man this Stale has seen for a quarter of a century
we need not say we mean Mr.,,afterwards Governor Gil-
more, whose son-in-law Chandler becamehe was en-
abled by Gilmores money and railroad influence to ob-.
tain, a few years later, the office of Reporter of the De-
cisions of the Supreme Court, which office, with all the
others named by tbe Statesman, he held until his ap-
pointment, iu 1864, to an offico in the Navy Department.
Holding this office, created expressly to reward him for
his agency in the conspiracy against Hon. John P. Hale,
he contrived, after the assassination of President Lin-
coln and the accession of Andrew Johnson, by a charac-
teristic intrigue with George Harrington, to get himself
appointed to Harringtons place as Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury. This office ho hat* continued to hold to
the satisfaction ot his superiors, Andrew Johnson and
Hugh McCulloch, by bending the suppliant hinge of
the knee to their policy, until the meeting of the
present Congress rendered it morally certain that John-
son would bo impeached, and the conniptions of McCul-
lochs administration would be exposed. Then, seizod by
a spasm of republicanism,Lhe' retired, and has since
been industriously playing tbe triple role ol radical
politician, railroad lobbyist,-a part which his ap-
prenticeship with Gilmore well fits him forand pro-
fessional claim agent in Washington. Retained by
McCulloch as counsel for the Treasury on a larger pay
than he received as Assistant Secretaryretained by cer-
tain railroad combinations at a still larger pay for ser-
vices -past as well as future in getting money from the
United Stales Treasurypractising as a professional claim
agent before the very department from which he has
gone out with a knowledge of all the corruptions and cor-
rupt men with whom he has been associated, he may
be what the Statesman so felicitously styles, a pecu-
liarly fit person to be ah ambassador at Chicago, charged
with the opinions and speaking for tbe interests of New
Hampshire republicans. But we fail to see it. He has
not a single material interest in common with the people
of New Hampshire. Wife, children, house, property,
occupation, all are in Washington. Thoro is not a native
of our State anywhere who might not with equal pro-
priety have written his bogging and intriguing letters to
nearly every town in the State, and sent on his dishonest
runners from Washington, to secure his election at the
head of our delegation to Chicago. Considering that he
has taken up his residence iu Washington, and engaged
himselt in a business that is only more respectable tlian
simple stealing because wealth instead of the peniten-
tiary is the goal to which its successful practice leads, his
selection is a wrong and an insult to every honest repub-
lican in the State.
Apart from his so recent past connection with Johnson
and McCulloch, and his present connection with parties
and interests, at the very best, not more roputable, we
do not, we are sorry to say, agree with our neighbors of
tbe Statesman, in their estimate of Mr. Chandlers ser-
vices to the republican party. His is not our school of
politics at all. The school in which he learnedthat of
Gov. Gilmore, who never had a political principle in his
lifeis the farthest possible from true republicanism.
He it was, and the small clique then allied aud still al-
lied with him, who, by intrigue, bribery and threats of
defeating the party, forced his father-in-law upon the
republicans as their candidate for Governor, thus cor-
rupting and demoralizing our politics by necessitating
the lavish use of money in our elections. With Gil-
mores candidacy, which compelled the support of an
immoral, unprincipled mau, the republican party lost
much of its moral power in the State. His course as
Governor debauched it still farther, and ended by en-
abling a ring of such adventurers as Chandler, Ordway
and Co. to rule the party for the solo purpose of fatten-
ing themselves at the public crib in Washington.
Such is the testimony of a competent wit-
ness, not as to the character of Mr. Chandler as
a republican, but as Assistant Treasurer with
McCulloch, with a knowledge of all the cor-
ruptions and corrupt men with whom he has
been associated! For most of the italics in
the above excerps, Mr. Fogg is not responsible.
Without undervaluing his diplomacy as Minis-
ter to Switzerland, we say unhesitatingly he
never rendered so important service to his coun-
try before as in these surprising developments,
could the people but be made to see them.v
Every word is substantially true. Es]:>ecially
is that true which relates to Chandlers con-
nection with McCulloch and the Treasury De-
partment. Nearly every week has The Re-
volution faithfully endeavored to bring the
swindling transactions of that department to
public notice and reprobation. Whatever dema-
gogues and deceivers may say, the national lia-
bilities are carrying us down like a millstone.
In'addition to the enormous Federal debt, there
are state, county, city, town liabilites, amount-
ing to millions ; not to speak of private claims
yet to be presented while means last to cancel,
or vampires are bom to speculate in them,
as Chandler, from Mr. Foggs showing, and
other professional claim agents are doing al-
ready. The people never worked as hard as to-
day, and never had so little money. They never
economized so much, and yet never were so
poor. Thousands of little homesteads, in both
city and country, arc sold and sacrificed, be-
cause the owners cannot pay the taxes on them.
Every week we have applications from destitute
women for work with head or hand to save, not
their homes, but themselves and children from
starvation or worse. Little girls pick water
cresses and dandelions to sell from door to door,
or to be insultingly slammed away with their
heavy baskets, by those whose condition does
not yet drive them to such drudgery to hold
body and soul together. The streets are swarm-
ing with men and women in search of employ-
ment, the saddest sight, as Carlyle somewhore
says, ever beheld by mortals. The N. Y. Tri-
bune tells them to get to the country and work
with the farmers. Many have tried it and been
forced back to their starving households more
broken-hearted than ever. There are farmers
and mechanics who will employ a poor, ragged,
hungry stranger from the large cities ; but their
number is few. The frequent robberies and
murders in the rural districts, tell the reasons.
A wandering stranger may be an angel, but who
can be sure of it ?
Again, the poor, the poorest of the poor, are
often kindly counselled to hasten to the West,
and settle on the public lands. But how is the
man who just keeps from starvation here, to
get a thousand, or two thousand miles with Ins
family? Or suppose the government not only
gave the land, but gave, also, free passage to
it. Still there are house and clothing and food
and seed-corn and other grains, and schools
and doctors and many other wants as imperious
as they are here. From whence arc these to
come? All hut the two last named, it cannot
be denied, are indispensable. This editor has
seen too much of Western emigrant life to has -
tily recommend it, especially to the very poor.
It is little better than downright cruelty.
Besides, it is a better government we need.
Less swindling, less corruption, less stealing by
rich office holders from the working, producing
people. Less monied monopolies of every de-
scription making the already too rich constantly
richer, and the poor poorer, in spite of hard
work and severe economy. And these we must
have. They mud be had at whatever cost.
Daniel Webster once said, the right of revo-
lution always exists ; and there may be such a
degree of oppression as fully to justify it!
Let the government be warned. Mr. Fogg
speaks only of New Hampshire. The same cor-
ruption controls in every State ; all minor cur-
rents flowing into the horrible, bottomless pit
at Washington. Were the democratic party the
least possible removed from Total Depravity it-
self, it might, with one righteous breath of its
nostrils, burn up such rottenness as with con-
suming fire. p. p.
MARY W0LL810NMCRAFT.
We give to-day a brief sketch of this dis-
tinguished Englishwoman, and shall from week
to week give chapters from her great work on
Womans Rights, published a century ago. As
this book is now out of print, and cannot be
purchased, it will give an added value to
The Revolution for its readers to know,
that what this able woman said on this question
so long ago is now to be republished.
What the first minds of the age are freely dis-


346

g .... _
cussing to-day without loss of friends or name,
called down on this noble woman the denunci-
ations of her age.
THE CHICAGO PLATFORM.
As usual with such carpentry, it prates and
promises much on financial economy and re-
form. Among other things it resolves:
That the government of the United States should be
administered with the strictest oconomy, and the cor"
ruptions which have been so wrongfully nursed and fos
tered by Andrew Johnson call loudly for aradieal reform*
The laws regulating the treasury department
of the government are the work of Congress,
not of Andrew Johnson. The same men who
controlled the Chicago Convention are respon-
sible mainly for the present financial condition.
The trouble is in the system itself, not in the.
corruptions fostered by Andrew Johnson.!
Our whole Treasury Department is now a down-
right swindle of the people. Industry, honesty,
and economy were once sure passports to com-
petence if not to affluence. Now they lead to
neither. The reason is,, because labor is plun-
dered of its earnings. If by some means the
money thus deliberately stolen (for no milder
word should be used) could be applied to pay-
ing the national debt as now computed, the
children ore born who would see that whole
vast amount cancelled without knowing where
the money came from to do it. Instead of that,
under our present treasury laws, not only this
generation but its childrens children will be
continually crushed under the weight of it, and
American civilization be retarded thereby a hun-
dred years.
Why is it that the national banks are per-
mitted to hold on interest at six per cent, in
gold, more than three hundred millions of gov-
ernment bonds ? issuing as money the same
amount in their own bills under act of Congress.
On these bonds the banks receive annually, in
(fold, eighteen millions of dollars. And, as we
showed last week in The Revolution, in ad-
dition to this, the banks have received from the
government fifty millions of legal-tender three
per cent, certificates which they use as money
i n their bank reserves, and on which they also re-
ceive one million five hundred thousand dollars
a year. Were all these amounts to be replaced
with government greenbacks, the people, who
earn all the money, might receive the benefit of
it instead of the banks that earn none of it and
yet receive all. The difference to the labor of
the country in sixty-five or seventy years, the
life of a man, would be more than the amount
of the national debt! would pay that whole
debt.
It is a sad but stubborn fact that the mass of
the people have nothing to do with their gov-
ernment but to sanction with their vote the
doings, misdoings and undoings of such cliques
of demagogues or desperadoes as seize the helm
of publio affairs. ,The Treasury belongs to the
people, not to Hugh McCulloch ; and still less
to Jay Cooke and the national banks. Wealth
is the product of labor, not of gambling, by
John Morrissey at Saratoga, or a treasury bureau
at Washington. Every dollar pocketed by ra-
pacious vampyres cost hours of hard labor. It
belongs to labor, not to swindling.s We pity the
poor toilers who spent their dreary lives in rear-
ing worthless but enormous pyramids to pamper
the pride of Egypts still more worthless Kings.
But might we not rather shed our sympathy
over those who dig and delve on our own soil,
m the nineteenth century, to pile up fabulous
fortunes for a vulgar shoddyocracy ? an aristo-
cracy without head to appreciate or wisely use
them ; or heart to pity or thank those to whom
they owe the hordes they dare call their own,
but never earned!
The laboring, the producing people, should
spit on all platforms that are not solemnly
pledged to overturn this whole system of
fraud and cruelty. No Andrew Johnson is re-
sponsible for it. His impeachment and hang-
ing even would not help it. The election of
General Grant on the new Chicago pledges will
be no better. The Chicago platform really
means nothing, more than does the nomination.
The work is with Congress, and Congress seems
to be a marketable commodity, as really as cot-
ton or corn. And the peoples hard earned
gold, in the hands of robbers, buys it. Ages ago
it was said, whoever binds a chain on the
limbs of a slave, will come to find the other end
of the chain on his own neck. The North en-
slaved the negro until the rebellion released
him. Now labor everywhere is in chains, and
we are fast ripening for Revolution. It may be,
as we have more than once intimated in the
past, another Revolution of blood.
p. p.
PRESBYTERIAN RECONSTRUCTION
Thikty years ago and more, there arose a
foul spirit of division in the General Assembly
of the Presbyterian church. The important re-
sult was a division of that August body into
Old School and New General Assemblies, with
convulsions that shook the land and sea, and
the land beyond the sea. The subject of slavery
entered into the contest, not so much at the be-
ginning as in its progress. And as the agitation
of the slavery question increased, the New
School pretended to gravitate towards the North
and abolition. The Old became more and more
intensely pro-slavery. As far back as 1818, the
General Assembly, then a unit, voted a mild
protest against slavery. In 1793 and 1794 the
testimony was more emphatic, slavery had not
then become a power. The Assembly virtually'
declared every slaveholder a man-stealer ; and
man-stealing the highest kind of theft; and
cited against it, the Jewish law the penalty of
which was death. In 1816 all this was rescinded
from the records forever. At the same time,
the Assembly in its zeal to uphold Infant Bap-
tism passed this order :
It is the duty of masters who are members of the
church to present the children of parents in servitude to
the ordinance of baptism. And it is the duty of Christs
ministers to baptize all children of this description,
when presented to them by their masters. The action
of the New School was not much bettor. It deplored
slavery as an evil, but deprecated abolition as a still
greater evil. At the Assembly in 1843, one Doctor of
Divinity declared,
The abolitionists have made the servitude of the
slaves harder. If I could tell you of some of the dirty
tricks which these abolitionists have played, you would
not wonder. Some of them have been lynched and they
were served right!
Another said, God does not require us to
declare slavery a sin. He has not so declared
it himself. Where does God require us to take
his place and declare slavery a sin ? And so
they wrapped it up, until the church and clergy
were declared and proved the Bulwark, and
finally, the Forlorn Hope of Slavery, and so that
heinous evil and crime was by no means the
cause or occasion of the separation in the Gen-
eral Assembly of the Presbyterian church.
There were Presbyterians who always bore a
bold and faithful testimony against slavery, but
these had no connection with the General As-
sembly before or after the separation. When the
abolitionists were denounced as infidels, and as
seeking to overthrow all churches and pulpits,
it was ever their comfort and joy to point to the
Scotch Covenanters as one evangelical denomi-
nation in whose communion cup the blood of
the slave was not mingled.
But all divisions between the Old School Gen-
eral Assembly and the New are soon to be
healed, whatever their cause. Overtures arc
made on both sides : and those who for four
terrible years were hewing each other in pieces
on bloody battle-fields, are again to feast in
holy sacraments at the table of a common Lord
and Father! In the fearful apocalypse of war,
both branches learned whether God regarded
slavery as a sin, and whether the abolitionists
were infidels.
Two years ago the New School made pro-
posals for reunion. The Old School now in
session at Albany presents a like fraternal spirit
and offers, with great unanimity, the following
as a basis of reunion :
That the reunion shall he effected on doctrinal and
ecclesiastical basis of our common standard. The Scrip-
tures, Old and New Testaments, shall he acknowledged
as tbe inspired words of God. and the only infallible
rule of faith and practice. Tbe confession of the faith
shall continue to he received, as containing tbe system
of the doctrine taught in the Holy Scriptures.
All ministers and churches embraced in these two
bodies shall he admitted to the same standing in the
united bodies which they may hold in their respective
connections up to the consummation of the union.
The official records ot tbe two branches of the Church
shall be held as making up one history of tbe Church,
and no rule which does not stand approved by both
shall he ol any authority until re-established in the
union body, except as far as such rule may affect the
rights of property.
The corporate rights now held by the two General As-
semblies shall be consolidated and applied for their
several objects as defined by law.
There shall be one set of Committees of- the Boards
for the House and Foreign Missions and other religious
enterprises of the Church.
As soon as practicable the General Assembly shall re-
construct and consolidate the several permanent com-
mittees and boards which now belong to the two As-
semblies.
It shall bo regarded as the duty of all our judiciatorics,
ministers and the people in the United Church to study
things which make for peace, and to guard against all
needless and-offensive references to the causes that
have divided us.
The terms of tbe reunion, if they arc approved by
the General Assemblies of 1868, shall be submitted to
the several Presbyteries under their care, and shall bo of
binding force, if they are ratified by three-fourths of the
Presbyteries connected with the branches of the Church
within oue year after they shall have been submitted to
them for approval.
No conditions as to past slaveliolding,
*1 Lynching abolitionists, secession, or rebellion
are to be required on either side. The butch-
eries of Bull Run are to be as though they were
not, or as though all were engaged on the same
side ; and the slavebreeding and slaveholding
of ten generations are to be remembered no
more! Even Andrew Johnson deals more
sternly with his rebels than that. p. p.
CONDENSE.
In this age when milk, soup, orange juice,
everything material is being so beautifully and
conveniently condensed, what is the reason
that correspondents will permit their ideas to
flow over untold pages of paper. We have long
communications on our table that we have no
time to read nor space to publish. Give us one
idea at a time and in the shortest possible space.
Sharp, short, and spicy, is the cry of The
Revolution/ In our little paper we cannot


publish essays or sermons, but we want to
know what the people on all sides think, say
and do from Maine to California, and that all
may have room for utterance be short and to
the point
THE CANVASS OF FULTON COUNTY.
Mbs. M. H. Shepherd, daughter of Bev. John
McLaren, is now lecturing in Fulton county un-
der the auspiees of the Womens Suffrage Asso-
ciation. *
We hope all the friends of this cause will ex-
tend their hospitalities to this noble and gifted
woman, and render her all the aid they possi-
bly can in securing halls, advertisements and
audiences. %
As she is also acting as agent for The
Devolution we trust that Fulton county will
roll up a long list of subscribers.
Mrs. Shepherd has written ably on Womens
Wrongs. She is a person of superior education,
of high moral and religious character, and has
travelled extensively in the old world and the
new. We hope she will receive a cordial wel-
come wherever she goes.
WOMEN AS NAUTICAL. TEACHERS.
It is but little known that two ladies reside in
this city, 92 Madison street, who are principals
of a nautical school, where, for sixteen years,
young seamen, who have wished to qualify them-
selves as mates and captaius, have attended,
when their respective vessels have happened to
be in port. The school was founded by Capt.
William Thoms, author of the Practical
Navigator and Thom's Tables. He was
aided in his work by his wife. At his death,
his son-in-law, Capt. James H. Brownlow, suc-
ceeded him. He had the aid, not only of Mrs.
ThWms, but of her daughter, his wife, who had
made several voyages with him and studied navi-
gation, both practically and theoretically. After
his deceatse, the two ladies conducted the
school, and, during the late war, prepared for
the navy two thousand mates and captains of
tbe merchant -service, whose knowledge of
navigation was inexact, and wbo took two or
three months instructions at the nautical school,
by way of preparation for the strict examination
required by the Naval Board.
Mrs. Brownlow had, previously to her mar-
riage, studied engraving at the Cooper Institute
School of design, and subsequently illustrated
a work of Capt. Brownlow upon the stars. She
claims that this is the only work in the-United
States entirely illustrated by a woman*
JAMES BROOKS.
We are informed that our friend) Mr. Brooks,
is being persecuted officially for circulating
Womans Blights documents under his frank.
We have not looked into the merits of this dis-
cussion that has been going on for half a cen-
tury, on the franking privilege ; but inasmuch
as this is the first time it has been used for the
benefit of the woman of the nation, it is rather a
small matter for republican Congressmen to
carp at. When, four years ago, we rolled up
300,000 petitions demanding emancipation for
the slaves of the South, republicans franked
our petitions and tracts all over the nation, why
complain now, when we demand enfranchise-
ment for ourselves? Mr. Brooks never used his
frank in a better cause, so pray let him frank on,

THE HERALD ON THE CHICAGO
PLATFORM.
The following comments on the Chicago plat-
form proves what Wendell Phillips says true,
that the New York Herald is the most astute
of all American journals. We hope the demo-
cratic convention in July wall take heed to these
wise suggestions, and give the people a plat-
form that all can understand and accept :
Womans Eights at Chicago.It is a remarkable fact
that there was' not a speech made in the Chicago Con-
vention and that not a word is said in the republican na-
tional platform about Womens Eights. Had some of
our womens rights women been on hand and demanded
a voice in the Convention they might perhaps have ob-
tained a hearing, or secured at least the nomination of
Old Ben Wade, who is pledged to Womens Rights' as
well -as niggers rights. Why was it that Mrs. Lucy
Stone Blackwell, or Mrs. Antoinette L. Brown, or their
colored feminine co-laborei1, Mrs. Sojourner-in-the-
Yalley-of-Tribulation Truth, was not present in the Con-
vention to demand equal rights to women ? But they
have still a chance with the democracy. Let the ladies
pioneer corps on Womens Eights, headed by the lion of
Omaha and the prophet of the Fenians, and the cham-
pion of unprotected females, G-eorge Francis Train, be
early on the ground at Tammany Hall on the 4th of
July, and on Womens Eights they may wield the bal-
ance of power.
THE CHURCH MOVING.
The Congregational church of Harlem, Bev.
S. Bourne, pastor, on the report of the Com-
mittee appointed a year ago, have recently so
amended the standing rule of that church that
women are now eligible as officers. The vote
was unexpectedly large. It required a two-
thirds vote, but it was four to one. The women
of that congregation may now be pastor, dea-
cons, trustees, as well as devout members.
The'church moves.
Woman as a Waeeioe.The Bev. H. W.
Bellows says in The Old World in its New
Face, while speaking of a museum of armor in
Zurich, that Among the armor are two suits
of sternest steel, designed for women, and un-
mistakably accommodated to the female form.
For what Joan of Arc these complete suits
of mail were forged I could not discover, but
they were curious evidences that Womans Bights
were not without assertion in very backward
times, and that some women are ready to ac-
cept the sternest duties of manhood with its
larger privileges. Mr. Curtis, whose speech in
the New York Convention on Womans Bight to
the Suffrage I have so much praised and
blamed, ought to see these iron arguments for
cause here in Zurich. ,
The London correspondent of the Boston
Post calls Mr. I Israeli the Artful Dodger. He
says he has a mind like a labyrinth of rat-holes,
and there be those who would compare his soul to
the vermin living therein. It is with the utmost
difficulty and the most persistent hunting that
he can b(e cornered. Nevertheless, the right
kind of dogs are upon his track, and double and
shift and twist and wind as he may, he must be
dislodged, biting and squealing. And as such
creatures, in the economy of nature, have their
uses, one of which may be supposed to be the
inculcation of cleanliness, and the necessity of
keeping ones house in order, so I suppose our
adventurous Machiavelian Prime Minister sub-
serves some endprobably that of making
Toryism as ridiculous and contemptible as it is
odious.
347
The Tribune of Saturday, May 23, has the
following: Thomas Fitzpatrick, whom the
Grand Jury had indicted for homicide in shoot-
ing Charles Norris in a dram-shop in West
street, on the 21st of March, pleaded guilty of
manslaughter in the fourth degree, in the Court
of General Sessions, yesterday, and City Judge
Bussell imposed a fine of six cents. We won-
der now, how many votes Thomas Fitzpatrick
can control in the coming Presidential election,
or if his punishment would have, been the same
six months after that important event ?
One young lady in tbis city has adopted the' fashion-
able stoop of the shoulders. Others will take it up
soon.
. Thus says a Worcester paper. This is almost
a fact. Whatever Fashion commands, her
silly followers will obey, even to the stoop of
the shoulders. When will the women of our
land throw Fashion to the winds and cultivate
their minds.
LITERARY.
The Temperance Doctor. By Mary Dwinell Chellis.
New York : National Temperance Society and Publi-
cation House, 172 William street.
This interesting temperance tale of nearly 4G0 pages,
should be in the hand of every boy and girl in the
country. Written by a woman, and women are, by the
way, the noblest workers of the great temperance army,
it will, no doubt, do a great deal of good to all the young
that peruse its pages, and keep many from that awful
enda drunkards grave.
Demorests Illustrated Monthly.This sprightly
and beautiful monthly, published at 473 Broadway, New
York, is one of the best ladies magazines printed.
Among the good articles in the June number, we find
one by Jennie June on TheFuture American Home.
Its price is $3.00 per year.
The Atlantic Monthly.The Atlantic for June con-
tains many interesting articles ; opening with one on
the Beauty of Trees by Wilson Flagg, and ending with*a
blank verse poem by Lowell. Bayard Taylor gives A
Week in Capri, the famous island where the Roman Em-
peror Tiberius spent a number of years, while his min-
ister, Sejanus ruled in blood at Rome. It is a read-
able chapter. Mr. Taylor also contributes Casa Guidi
Windows, a poem. Other authors fill up the pages,
among whom we find two ladies, viz. : Miss K. F. Wil-
liams, who writes -Two Families, and Miss Agnes Har-
rison, the continuation of St: Michaels Night.
Cheap Edition oe Dickenss WoRxs.-rPeterson &
Bros.; of Philadelphia, are now publishing a cheap
pamphlet edition of the works of the immortal Boz,
which all his followers, who cannot afford a handsome
Library Edition, should purchase. They have sent us A
Haunted House, A Message from the Sea, and Some-
bodys Luggage, all of which are 25 cents a volume.
We have also received from the same publishers a full
account of the Impeachment Trial, printed in pamphlet
form, at 50 cents.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
The Old Brown Pitcher. By the author of the
Flower of the Family, etc., and other Tales. 172
William street, New York.
The Inner Mystery. By Lizzie Doten. Adams &
Co., Boston, Mass.
The Monastery. By Sir Walter Scott. T. B. Peter-
son, Philadelphia.
The Heart of Midlothian. The same.
Jhe Abbot. The same.
The.Pirate. The same.
Every Saturday. Ticknor & Fields, Boston.
The Michigan Teacher. Payne, Whitney & Goodison,
Ypsilantic, Mich.
The Phrenological Journal. S. B. Wells, 389 Broad-
way, New York.
Packards Monthly. S. S. Packard, 937 Broadway,
New York.
The thanks of The Revolution are due and are
hereby presented to Hon. J. G. Forney for a handsome
volume of the Washington Globe,


348

WHAT THE PRESS SAYS OF US.
From the Montpetier (Yt.) Journal.,
The Revolution.If any one doubts tbe female
capacity to scold we commend them to an examination
of the number before us. Wendell Phillips and Theo-
dore Tilton are fairly eclipsed in this sphere, where they
have woii such imperishable honors.
And they are eclipsed too in the demands they
make. They ask suffrage lor two million men
in the reconstruction, we for all men and fifteen
million women. The Devolution is the
only journal in the nation based on our theory of
government, taxation and representation are
inseparable, no just government can be
formed without the consent of the governed.
When we expound principles to the benighted
white males would that be called scolding in
Vermont?
From the Chenango Union, Norwich, N. Y.
The Revolution.It is a lively, spicy sheet, de-
voted to the interests of Womans Rights and Radical-
ism. To those who .wish to keep posted on both sides
of the question it will be an interesting paper and worthy
of patronage.
Unfortunately for carpers there is only one
side to this question. No man of common
sense pretends to make an argument on the
other side. We have the Bible witlf us accord-
ing to Henry Ward Beecher, George B. Cheever,
Dr. Chapin, and most aJl the leading clergy.
We have the Federal Constitution, if those sly
republicans do not put that odious word male
into it. We have Chief-Justice Chase, Ben.
Wade, James Brooks, the Herald and World,
seventy-five members of the British Parliament,
and all the advance minds on both continents.
Our distinguished President, Andrew Johnson,
is a subscriber and constant reader of The
Devolution. Its cheerful tone has been most
comforting to him in the trying ordeal through
which he has just passed.
From tbe Reform Investigator, Morrison, 111.
The Revolution is a remarkably live paper, and
discusses tbe social, political, and financial questions of
tbe day, in a way that demonstrates tbe capacity of wo-
man to handle tbe pen, if not tbe ballot, very effectually
in combatting tbe Devil of Error, whose namevis
legion, and who is the father of corruption, ignorance,
and prejudice.
In finance, The Revolution advocates a new
financial and commercial policy ; gold, like our corn
and cotton, for salegreenbacks for money, and an
American system of finance ; in politics, Educated Suf-
frage, irrespective of sex and color; down with poli-
ticians, up with the people. The leading ideas of The
Revolution we regard as very practical common
sense ideas, which it is fast becoming a political ne-
cessity for the people to adopt. We have had our
military necessity, which was the emancipation of the
black slave ; our financial necessitythe institutions Of
an American system of finance in partand a political
necessity is now being forced upon us, and this is the
emancipation of the whole people from the combined
rule of the politician and Money Power.
Well, named a Reform Investigator, and it is
easily seen that you have investigated to some
purpose. Our political necessity to-day is uni-
versal enfranchisement, and those who talk
merely of the extension of suffrage to a few
men on Southern plantations are blind to the
duties and necessities of the hour.
From the Fayetteville (N. Y.) Record.
The Revolution.It is devoted to the discussion
of all great social questions, and particularly those re-
lating to the social and political status of woman. It is
conducted with marked ability, and is thorough and out-
spoken upon all subjects it has under review. Its edi-
tors and contributors are evidently in earnest, and the
paper is worthy of note and respect as a sign of the
times. It demonstrates the great social Revolution
that is going on, before which sink in insignificance the
squabbles and scramblings of mere politicians, whose
idea of progress and reform is embodied in the success
of their party in grasping the control of the offices and
the public purse.. While we may not agree with all its
conclusions, we would .commend it to those who wish to
keep up with the movements of the world.
When the American people cease to judge of
success by numbers, and have more faith in the
sure triumph of principles, we shall see a new
growth of individual power and probity, and
less slavery to sect, party, .and custom.
Our experiment of self-government can only
succeed by educating the people into the feel-
ing that every man and woman is responsible
for our political and religious faith, and for the
social reorganization of the nation.
From the Industrial Journal, Grand Rapids, Mich.
The Revolution.This truly valuable paper is be-
fore us. For it, we feel that we cannot say enough. We
like its name. We like its motto. We like its form and
typographical appearance. We like its earnest tone and
fearless spirit. We will fight if need be for its principles.
It is ably edited, comprehensive in scope, and will meet
a demand long made and severely felt by reformers. We
bid it a hearty God speed, and cheerfully recommend it
to the patronage of all earnest workers in the cause of
reform, and to everybody. Subscribe for it, pay for it,
read it, and it will do you good. It will enlighten your
understanding, and elevate you morally and socially.
That ~is refreshing! no ifs or ands, you
like us just as we are, our looks, our sayings,
our doings. The next time we go to Michigan
we will stop at Grand Bapids and call on the
Industrial Journal, in the meantime we shall use
our best endeavors to merit this good opinion
by keeping up the tone and appearance of The
Devolution. If you should visit New York,
Mr. Editor, come and pay your respects to us,
37 Park Bow.,
From the Detroit (Mich.) Commercial Advertiser.'
The Revolution.We nave had a taste of sulphuric
acid since it was received and hav6 feared that spontane-
ous- combustion might attack our sanctum. All safe
yet, however, and an acquaintance with The Revolu-
tion may relieve it of its terrors.
Speak out, Mr. Editor, no danger of spon-
taneous combustion if you ventilate your opin-
ions. Give us your views on suffrage, green-
backs, finance and free trade. Wake up De-
troit, and tell us if you are ready for a new
party, not of twelve articles, but one principle.
The creators of wealth; a right ta suffrage,
and the fruits of their labor. ,
From the Pontiac (Mich.) Gazette.
The Revolution.This much talked of journal is
very neatly gotten up. Of its editorial management we
can gladly say, what we always supposed, it is not ex-
celled in vigor nor comprehensive argument, by any
pap?r in the country. Radically devoted to Womans
Rights, which, after all, are but natural rights, it does
credit to the women of America as an independent, en-
tertaining and able champion of their cause.
There are 44 post offices in Connecticut
under the charge of women regularly appointed
as postmastei s.
OUB AGENTS.
Mbs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st., N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mbs. O. Squires, Utica, N. Y.
Mssf M. A. Newman, Binghamton, N. Y.
Miss Mabia S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mbs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, E. I.
Mbs, E. P. Whipple, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mbs. R. B. Fi§Cheb, 923 Wash st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. M. H. Brinkebhofe, Utica Mo.
Mrs. A. L. Quimby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mbs. E. A. Kingsbury, Iowa.
Mbs. L. C. Dundoee, Baltimore, Md.
Miss Clair R. DEvere, Newport, Maine.
Mbs. H. M. F. Brown, Chicago, 111.
Mbs. G. L. Hilderbrand, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mbs. Julia A Holmes, Washington, D. C.
xMrs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. J. Martin, Atchison, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. Roberts, Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mbs. Laura A. Berry, Nevada,
Mr.J. Burns, No. 1 Wellmgtbn Road* Camberwell, Lon*
v don, England*
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE,
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immiqrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Rank of England, or America,n Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fonder and Credit
.Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more §otlon, more Cold and Silver
Bullion lo sell foreigners, at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE EE VOLUTION.
NO. XXII.
WALL STREET VS. THE GREAT WEST.
THE FACTS IN THE ROCK ISLAND CONTROVERSY.
Messrs! U. A. Murdock, Wm. H. Appleton,
Henry Blood, D. P. Morgan, and George J
Forrest have published a card asking for prox-
ies to vote at a meeting of stockholders in the
Bock Island Company, to be held at Chicago to
change the present board of directors. The
only reason these gentlemen assign for holding
this illegal meeting is, to use their own wo^J.s :
1. Because we believe that this is the surest,
most expeditious, if not the only way to put an
end to the litigation in which the company has
been involved by the conduct of Mr. Tracy and
his associates.
2. Because we disapprove of the manner in
which Mr. Tracy and his associates have con-
ducted this litigation on behalf of the company.
3. Because Mr. Tracy has no right, in our
judgment, to use his power, position, and influ-
ence as the president of the company, and that
of the directors, and still less the funds and
the property of the company, for the purpose
of supporting himself in a contest in which he
is opposed to the wishes of the stockholders and
the interest of the company.
We hav$ given verbatim all the reasons that
Mr. Murdock and his associates assign for a
desire to supersede Mr. Tracy and the other
directors of thfe Bock Island Company. As re-
gards the litigation in which Bock Island is in-
volved it was not caused by Mr. Tracy or his
associates, but by a clique of Wall street stock-
jobbers who used certain brokers as tools, with
the avowed purpose, sworn to in their com-
plaints, of stopping the building of the Bock
Island road beyond Des Moines. Mr. Tracy
and his associates are defendants, not plaintiffs
in all suits. It seems childish, but it is never-
theless necessary, as their card shows, to tell Mr.
Murdock and his associates that the defendant
in any suit has no power to stop litigation ex-
cept by giving the plaintiff all he asks for. In
the case of all these Bock Island suits the
plaintiffs demand that the defendants shall not


build tlie Rock Island roa \ beyond Des MQines.
We ask Mr. Murdock and his friends, can the
president of the Rock Island Company accede
to this demand to stop the building of the
road to Council Bluffs, consistently with his
imperative duty to the company and stockhold-
ers ? Is not the president bounden by his
duty to the interests of stockholders, and the
resolutions of September 13, 1867, to build the
road properly and with as much despatch as
possible? The president, Mr. Tracy, with the
money in his hand for the purpose, obtained by
the sale of the stock at the enormous price of
97£, dare not delay in building the road without
gross dereliction of duty. Mr.' David Crawford,
Jr., who is notoriously known ill Wall street to
be the prime mover in all these law suits, arid
instigator to hold the stockholders meeting in
Chicago, was the Boclc Island director who offered
the resolution of September 13, 1867, which we
now copy :
The following Preamble and Resolutions
were, offered, discussed and adopted by the
unanimous Vote of the Executive Committee
presentJohn F. Tracy, C. W. Durant, David
' Crawford, Jr., and Thomas F. Sturgis, Mr.
Crawford offered* them;
Whereas, It is deemed expedient by this com-
pany to complete Us line of road to the Missouri
Biver, at the earliest possible day, having refer-
ence to proper economy in its construction,
with reference to the great end to be obtained
by a connection with the Union Pacific Railroad
Company, now constructed 500 miles West of
the Missouri River, in order to secure a share of
the business of that line, which properly be-
longs to this company, as well as to develop the
country and make markets for the land owned by
the company, and wtiereas, the bonds of the
company authorized to be issued for the pur-
pose, can only be sold at this time at a dis-
count, such as this-company are not willing to
submit to, and whereas, also, it is believed to be
for the interest of the stockholders to construct the
said road from the proceeds of sales of the capi-
tal stock of the company,1 which it may lawfully
issue instead of issuing the bonds authorized.
Therefor,
Besolved, That the capital stock of this com-
pany be increased four millions, nine hundred
thousand dollars, so as to make the capital
stock account stand at fourteen millions of dol-
lars.
Besolved, That JohnF. Tracy and David Bows
be appointed a committee to make sales of such
stock, so authorized, at their discretion, and that
the officers of this company be directed to issue
certificates of stock, in such amounts, and to
such person, or persons, as the said committee
.may direct, not exceeding in all, the sum of
four millions nine hundred thousand dollars.
In the face of this preamble and resolutions
Mr. Tracy as presidentof the Rock Island Com-
pany has imperatively the simple duty to per-
form, in the words of the resolutions of Sep-
tember 13, 1867, to complete the line of road to the
Missouri Biver, at the earliest possible day, having
reference to proper economy in its construc-
tion.
How^can Mr. Murdock and his associates, as
men of business and integrity, expect Mr.
Tracy and his associates as defendants to stop
litigation in suits which demand that the build- ;
ing of the road beyond Des Moines shall be
stopped ? Who are to blame for the expense of
litigation in which the company is involved ?
Certainly only the plaintiffs, who represent, as
Mr. Murdock must well know, not the intei'esls
nt §wjuUtfttr
of the Bock Island Company, but only those of a
Wall street stock-jobbing clique of which Mu. David
Crawford, Jr., and Mr. Henry Keep of the
Chicago and North Western Company are
alleged to be the head centres. This Wall street
clique, in all their suits, ask that the money real-
ized from the sale of stock shall be enjoined and
the Rock Island road stopped at Des Moines /
This is the interest of the Chicago and North
Western Company and ruinous to that of Rock
Island, as well as injurious to the state of Iowa.
The reason of this opposition, on the part c f
Mr. David Crawford, Jr., and^his associates, to
the building of the road to Council Bluffs, in
accordance with the resolutions of September
18th, 1867, is that the clique of which he and
Mr. Henry Keep are said to be the head centres
bought tlie 49,000 shares of Rock Island sold by
the Gompany under the impression that it was
short" stock andJ that they weie going to
make an enormous profit on about 70,000 shares
of short sales. When the clique discovered
that they had bought long instead of short
stock and that they were loaded at high prices
with that for which there was no market, ex-
cepting at a great sacrifice, they then wanted
Mr. Tracy to stop the building of the road at
Des Moines, by arrangement with the Chicago
and Northwestern Company, and divide the $4,-
795,536 realized from the sale of the stock
among themselves. This Mr. Tracy refused to
do. Then, and not till then commenced the
litigation to stop the building of the road, of
which Mr.Murdock and his associates complain
in their card.
The fact is, the Wall street clique by buying
long stock, when they thought it was short,
have made a bad bargain, and they want to stick
the Bock Island Company with their loss. There
is no market, excepting at a heavy sacrifice, for
the large amount of Rock Island stok they are
canying.
How much Rock Island, Chicago and North
Western, and Michigan Southern, are Mr. Mur-
dock and his bank, the Continental, carrying ?
Why does Mr. Murdock take so prominent a
part in this notoriously Wall street stockjobbing
affair ?
Does Mr. Murdock pretend that Mr. Tracy is
not building tlie road at the earliest possible
day, having reference to proper economy in
its construction, to complete its line to the
Missouri river ? Does Mr. Murdock pretend
to say that the stockjobbing clique which. has
instituted six lawsuits to stop the building of
the road, will do, oris even likely to do this ?
Is a great State like Iowa to be cut off. from a
trunk line of communication with San Francisco
and New York,because a pared of: Wall street stock
gamblers have made a bad bargain in a stock op-
eration ? Are the lands of the Rock Island Com-
pany in Iowa, worth about $10,000,000, it the
road is built, to be forfeited and remain unde-
veloped because the interests of Mr. David Cra w-
ford, Jr., and Mr. Henry Keep require it ? Is the
great West to be sacrificed to Wall street 'gam-
blers ? Do Messrs. Murdock, Appleton .and
others advocate this ?
Mr. Murdock and his -associates allege noth-
ing against the manner in which Mr. Tracy is
building the road. But they disapprove of the
manner in which Mr. Tracy and his associates
have conducted this litigation in behalf of he
Company. Every right-minded person must
differ in this from Mr. Murdock. Mr. Tracy has
just done what he ought to have done as Presi-
dent of the Rock Island Company, viz : pro-
349
tected its interests against the schemes of Wall
street gamblers.
Instead of the election of stockholders being
the siu*est, most expeditious if not the only
way to put an end to the litigation, it is likely
to prove the contrary. Mr. Murdock and the
highly respectable names associated with him
have made .that worse than a crimea blunder.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
GRAND BANQUET OF THE ROCK ISLAND PRETEND-
ERS, PREVIOUS TO THEIR DEPARTURE TO
HOLD THEIR BOGUS ELECTION IN CHICAGO.
GREAT GATHERING OF DEFUNCT CHICAGO GRAIN
SPECULATORS, BROKEN DOWN WALL STREET
CLIQUE LEADERS, CALIFORNIA SHARPERS, CIRCUS
CLOWNS, SPECULATIVE LAWYERS, BEAU BRUM-
MELS, MINISTERS AND PROPHETS, RESPECT-
ABLE BANK OFFICERS, RETIRED GAMBLERS,
FIRST CLASS MERCHANTS, WALL STREET
STOOL-PIGEONS, AND ENGLISH NOBLEMEN.
ASTOUNDING DEVELOPMENTS OVER THE CHAMPAGNE
AND UNDER THE EXHILARATING INFLUENCE OF
THE BLACK CROOK BALLETWALL STREET
TURNED INSIDE OUTAN INTERIOR VIEW OF
THE RAILROAD MANAGEMENT OF THIS COUNTRY
HOW TO SWINDLE THE PUBLIC UNDER THE GARB
OF RESPECTABILITY.
THE MANNER IN WHICH PROXIES ARE OBTAINED,
AND HOW BANKRUPT WALL STREET SPECULATORS
HOLD LARGE AMOUNTS OF RAILWAY SHARES ON
THE BOOKS OF THE COMPANIES.
SWEET WILLIAM ON HIS OLD CAMPING
GROUNDS IN THE WEST, AND HIS EARLY EX-
PERIENCES AND EVENTFUL LIFEHIS MANY
SOMERSAULTS IN WALL STREETrHOW HE OWNS
1,900 SHARES ROCK ISLAND AND GIVES
HIS PROXIES THEREFOR, BUT DONT WANT HIS
MANY CREDITORS TO KNOW ABOUT IT.
RECHERCHE REMARKS OF LORD CORNWALLIS,
THE ENGLISH NOBLEMAN FROM DUBLIN.
BROOKLYN PRUYN ON HAND AND TO WRITE MORE
EDITORIALS FOR THE DAILY SQUIB.
CHICAGO CARVER TELLS A RICH STORY ABOUT HIS
MANY EXPLOITS IN CHICAGO AND WALL STRETA
VETERAN SPECULATOR WHO ONLY PAYS WHEN
CONVENIENT, OR IT IS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY
HOW TO DODGE YOUR CREDITORSA NEW WAY TO
GET PROXIES, BUY LARGE AMOUNTS OF STOCK FOR
YOUR CUSTOMER ON A VERY SMALL MARGIN
AND MAKE YOUR BROKERAGES, AT THE SAME
TIME FIND OUT THE NAMES ON THE CERTIFICATES
AND THEN BORE THE PARTIES FOR PROXIES WHO
MAY HAVE SOLD THE STOCK A LONG TIME SINCE
THIS IS CALLED REPRESENTING STOCKHOLD-
ERS A GREAT INDIVIDUAL COMBINING IM HIM-
SELF ALL the LATEST TRICKS AND DEVICES OF
THE CHICAGO CORN EXCHANGE AND WALL STREET.
UNCLE DANIEL ONCE MORE ON THE STAND, BUT HE
IS STILL IN FAVOR OF ERIE, AND AARON AND
THE GOLDEN CALF.
HOW RESPECTABLE BANK OFFICERS AND
EMINENT MERCHANTS ARE MIXED WITH
WALL STREET SWINDLERSTHEY LEND THEIR
NAMES FOR SOLID REASONS AND A CONSIDER-
ATION SPEECHES OF CIRCUS CLOWN FISK,
SLEEPY DENNISON, CAVEAT EMTOR OR PERUVIAN
BOND MORGAN, CONTINENTAL MURDOCK, NA-
POLEON BURR, NATHAN THE PROPHET, ST. PAUL
JAMES, PACIFIC MAIL TOBIN, BEAU BRUMMELL
BLOODGOOD, HUDSON RIVER BAXTER, LAWYER
SOURRILL, BANKRUPTCY MAXWELL, CHAPLAIN
HATCH AND PATENT GAS PETROLEUM MINING
STOCK APPLETON.
A PERFECT FLOOD OF LIGHT ON THE ROCK ISLAND
CONTESTTHE ROAD TO BE BUILT TO THE MIS


350

SOURI RIVERANOTHER ISSUE OF STOCK PROBA-
BLETHE STOCK MARKET ON THE BRINK OP A
GREAT PANICTHE CLIQUES SELLING AS RAPIDLY
AS POSSIBLETHE PUBLIC HAD BETTER STAND
FROM UNDER.
Tue talk among the brokers during the past week has
been all about the grand banquet given by the
ROCK ISLAND PRETENDERS.
The affair was very private and select, and there was
a great rush for tickets, but the outside barbarians were
all disappointed, as (he sayings, and doings were never
intended for the vulgar gaze of the public or com-
mon people. The affair took place at the
UNION LEAGUE MAISQN DOBEE
and no expense was spared to make it elegant and enjoy-
able to the eminent gentlemen present. The dining-
room was
but circus clown Fisk, with his velvet coat, came to the
rescue and placed the lappel back gracefully for which
Sweet William graciously thanked him. The noble car-
riage and manly beauty of Sweet William with nis heavy
black moustache, every single hair standing alone like
ADAMS
recollection of his fall, brough t all the
FAIR BALLET GIRLS
to their feet, and they insisted with arch vivacity upon
drinking
MILORD SWEET WILLIAMS
health and casting lots for him. After the ballet dam-
sels had subsided, Sweet William recovered his self-pos-
session and waving his hand gracefnlly, he proceeded to
address the assembled Bock Island pretenders and the
beauties at their sides.
SWEET WILLIAMS SPEECH.
MAGNIFICENTLY DECORATED,.
aud was iutended to rival some of the Drew Banquets in
honor of
AARON AND THE GOLDEN CALF.
Tbe walls were hung with superb paintings and gems
of art, including some life sice and natural pictures of
many of the prominent Bock Island Pretenders. An
additional attraction was presented in the
BLACK CROOK BALLET CORPS,
which was kindly loaned lor this occasion, and the Bock
Island Patriots enjoyed it amazingly. The ballet
girls put their best loot forward, and in fact some of
them went a whole leg on it, which so enraptured the
Bock Island Stockholder Champions that they all set
to and danced the Can-Can with the Parisian Ballet
girls. If
j. cooksvdodge and mlle. tostee
had been present they would have envied some of the
fine positions of the assembled multitude. It is rumored
that
ALLERDICE
has been learning all these gentlemen how to dance the
Can-Can for some time past.
UNCLE DANIEL
enjoyed the fun hugely, and in fact it seemed to agree
with all present. After these
EXERCISES
were gone through with, the band played, the
rogues march,
and the company sal down to the banquet table in the
following order
Sweet William.
Mlle. Westmael,
Chaplain hatcii,
Mlle. Sangalt,
St (Paul James,
Mlle. Biegl,
Lord Cornwallis,
Mlle. Pagani,
Conn Fanshawe,
Mlle. Cerebelli,
Josh Billings,
Mlle. Franoisoo,
Perdv. B. Morgan
Mlle. Moore,
Pet Gas Appleton, >-i
Mlle. Cunetop, S
Uncle Daniel, h
Mlle. Leah,
Belden,
Mlle. Rebecca,
Nat. the Prophet,
Mlle J. Latrappe,
P. M. Tobin,
Mlle. Stookton,
Brooklyn Pruyn,
Mlle. Sohlke,
Mlle. Rosa,
Circus Clown Fi?k
Mlle JerseyNatjaxje
Chicago Carver,
Mlle. Invernezzi
Sleepy Denison,
Mlle. Seth,
Lawyer Scurbill,
Mlle. Zuabdi,
Blood not Bed,
Mlle. Pratt,
Contintal Murdock,
Mlle. McCready,
Bankrptcy Maxwell,
Mlle. Irene,
Beau B. Bloodgood,
Mlle. Montague,
Napoleon Burr,
Mlle. Wilmore,
Hudson B. Baxter,
Mlle. Zucoli,
California Selltvere,
Mlle. Bone anti,
St. Humphrey Davy Cbauforde.
After the cloth was removed, the festivities com-
menced with time Parisian abandon, the
I am after the chips boys. 1 have put 1,900 shares of
Rock Island in my name and mean to vote on them
although I am ready to swear to any beast of a creditor
that I have not had a chip for three years.
I AM DEAD BROKE,
then how do I own 1,900 shares of Rock Island ? Aha boys,
I can do anything for the chips. I signed for 2,$00 shares
on another listall right my boys. My friend
ST. HUMPHRY DAVY
believes in mewe row in one boat and he pays. We
are a team I We mean to get that $5,000,000 that
FOOL TRACY
is spending in building the road to Omaha. We dont
appear before the public. We nse the highly respectable
muffs like my friend Continental Murdock and Petroleum
Gas Appleton, to take tbe chesnuts out of the fire for us.
We know some I tell you boys! Chips, all for the chips l
chips forever.
ST. HUMPHRY DAVY CRAUFORDE.
arose prompted by
MLLE. SOHLKE
who jumped upon the table and performed a few artistic
attitudes in tbe '
CAN-CAN,
and
MLLE. BONTANTI
hot to be outdone, sprang upon the table, pirouetted and
sank into the arms of St. Humphry Davy exhausted.
This produced shouts of applause,
LORD CORNWALLIS AND UNCLE DANIEL
joining heartily in the encore. St. Humphry Davy then
proceeded to beg the ladies to pardon him for discussing
business matters, as
DIAMONDS AND PEARLS
required many chips to pay for them, and
BOCK ISLAND WAS GOOD.
for many chips if they could only get it out of tho hands
of that rascally Tracy.
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY CRAUFOBDEs SPEECH.
It is true that I voted on September 13, 1807, for Tracy
and David Dows to sell the 40,000 shares of Rock Island
and build the road to Omaha, but then I expected them
to go in with me in a scheme to pass the dividend in
October, to knock the stock down as Iowa? we could,
then to buy all we could frighten out of the public, run
the price, up, then sell out and go short of it, and when
we had got a good line of shorts out, then to
' SMASH THE MARKET
with the 49,000 shares so as to make a pile of money by
these two handsome turns in the stock. But instead of
acting with us,
LOVELY BALLET GIRLS
fairly sparkled beneath the glances of their
GALLANT BOCK ISLAND COMPANIONS,
aud tho exhilarating influence of the champagne frappe.
The aged votorans of Wall street became young again,
dismissed tho waiters, locked the doors, and
SWEET WILLIAM
arose supported by the fair creatures in Gauze
MLLES. WESTMAEL AND ROSA,"
and iu such hastiness that he fairly forgot (for the first
time in his life), io throw the
LAPPEL OF HIS COAT RACK,
DOWS AND TRACY
sold the 49,000 shares to us, aud lo audbehold, when
we thought we had a big tbiug in a short interest of
70,000 shares we had
CAUGHT A TARTAR,
and had bought the long stock of the company. We
were emphatically sold.
THE BITER BIT.
And, ladies and gentlemen, I can assure you the position
was not pleasant. I proposed to Tracy to buy the stock
all back again for the company, and to make an arrange-
ment with my friend
DEEP, OP THE CHICAGO AND NORTH-WESTERN
Company to stop tho Bock Island Boad at Dcs Moines
and
DEEP WILL PAY US $300,000
and divide up among the stockholders the $4,700,000
received from the sale of the 49,000 shares. This would
have been a big thing for all of us, but that thick-headed,
OBSTINATE. FELLOW, TRACY,
said that he considered it his duty to build the road to
Omaha iu accordance with the resolution of September
13. Then, ladies and gentlemen, the spirit of my ances-
tor, the great St. Humphrey Davy, filled my soul with a
mighty resolution and 1 determined at all hazards to
TURN OUT THE TRACY CROWD,
by hook or by crook,
FAIR MEANS OR FOUL,
to obtain possession of the Bock Island Company,
SELL OUT TO THE CHICAGO AND NORTHWESTERN,
stop the road at Des Mcines and divide np the money
among ourselves. As my friend Deep, of the Chicago
and Northwestern, and myself did not want to appear
openly in the matter, we employed
t lHAPLAIN HATCH,
my worthy and religious friend, to swear that he was
an injured stockholder and that
HIS RIGHTEOUS SOUL
could not rest in peace unless Judge Barnard granted
an injunction upon building the Bock Island road be,
yond Des Moines. My jolly friend,
THE CIRCUS DANCER, FISK,
.also appeared in the courts as another injured stock-
holder. I gave
CONNECTICUT FANSHAW,
some shares to qualify him as another injured stock-
holder, but Tracy escaped to Iowa and I am afraid he
will have the road built and the money spent before we --
can stop him, but no St Humphrey Davy ever said die
nor will I. I have made it all right with my
CONTINENTAL HANK FRIEND, MURDOCK,
and I have manufactured a splendid stockholders list to
vote upon at Chicago. My friend
CHICAGO CARVER AND SWEET WILLIAM
have been buying all round Bock Island on small mar-
gins aud then signing their names as stockholders for
the stock bought in this way. Why would you believe
it that my friend
SWEET WILLIAM SIGNS HIS NAME
as a stockholder for 1,900 shares, and in.another list*for
2,8C0, although the
DEAR BOY, AS WE ALL KNOW,
swears to his creditors that he has not had a red cent
for three year's.
JOE MILLS
has signed for 2,000 shares, although Joe has sold out
and does not hold one.
CARVER AND MAXWELL
signed for 3,300 shares which they bought on small
margins for a turn and you can all understand, gentle-
men, how by a little judicious management we can
make the same thousand shares sign pretty often as they
fall into the hands of different brokers who sign on dif-
ferent days.
CHAPLAIN HATCH UNDERSTANDS
this little game of manufacturing stockholders
lists. I know perfectly well that our election in
Chicago is a
HUMBUG AND NOT LEGAL,
beeanse the Charter requires that the names of stock-
holders who vote shall be registered on the books of
tbe Company thirty days before the day of votiug. But
that is no matter, we mean to make things
HOT FOR TRACY
as we want the chips badly. Hero St. Humphrey Davy
turned to the >
FASCINATING SOHLKE AND CHARMING BONFANTI
and said. You, fair ladies, must pray for my success in
getting the Bock Island Chips, ior it will be well for you
when I get them. The ladies blessed him.
CHAPLAIN HATCH
then arose with mach dignity, one hand upon the lovely
neck of


MLLE. SANGALI
and the other claspGd in that of
MLLE. WESTMAEL.
CHAPLAIN HATCHS SPEECH.
I know how to make lists for stockholders. My friend
Deep of Michigan Southern and Chicago and North-
western told me how to make one thousand shares sign
for ten thousand, so you shall have as many signatures
as you want for Hock Island. I am a
RELIGIOUS MAN
and go for principle and Chips, but
ESPECIALLY THE CHIPS.
Some of my grain friends West make malicious remarks
tfbout how I got the Chips there, but gentlemen, these
are vile libels. I am a moral man of a religious turn of
mind.
ST. PAUL JAMES
when asked to speak, attempted to rise, but did not
succeed very well. He seemed to he oppressed with a
huge sense of his own personal grandeur, and the hap-
piness of a tete-a-tete with Mile. Riegl, so was excused.
Milwaukee and St. Paul is uot flourishing, nor
BOGUS BANKING-LORD CORNWALLIS, THE ENGLISH
NOBLEMAN
from Dublin, was unanimously called for by the fair
sex, as the handsomest and most beautiful man of the
party. The Roman beauties vowed he was the
IMAGE OP VICTOR EMANUEL,
ancLpirouetted around him in graceful attitudes, exe-
cuting the gayest poses, singing in their joyous mood
the Italian National Anthem ; finally sinking into his
arms, which overpowered the noble lord_as much as
t he
RECENT RISE IN FORT WAYNE.
After recovering himself, he spoke as follow's :
LORD CORNWALLIS SPEECH.
I like this sort sort of thing pretty well for a change,
although I dont think any of you are in good society.
But I come here as n? y friend
BROOKLYN PRUYN, SWEET WILLIAM,
and others, told me that I should meet here tc-night
tho
TWO BS, BOOTY AND BEAUTY.
Beauty is all very well in its way, and there is (here
the noble lord bowed gracefully to the ladies) a gorgeous
paradise of it here to-night; but I must confess I
DONT SEE THE BOOTY,
which is by far the more important of the two. Booty
must be had, for these cursed cliques take all the
chips a iellow has. Just imagine that after my show-
ing that
PORT WAYNE WAS NOT WORTH
a red. and as rotten as puuk, that it should go up from
tho hour that I wrote it down from 104 to 116. Only
think, ladies and gentlemen, what a swindle for a stock
to go up when the
DAILY SQUIB, THE GREAT JOURNAL
of America, told everybody it was going down, down. I
account for it, because-all the brokers are
GAMBLERS, GUTTER-SNIPES AND SWINDLERS,
and ought to be in Sing-Sing. In my j ournal,
THE DAILY SQUIB,
I shall forever maintain this great principle of truth
and justice, that
WALL STREET IS A SIN$ OF INIQUITY,
and every broker a
GAMBLER, GUTTER-SNIPE AND SWINDLER.
If it were not so
FORT WAYNE
would have gone down instead of going up, as these
blackguards made it do. Gentlemen, I have been
WORSHIPPING THE SUN
lately, and it has cost me much money. The
FIREWORSmPPERS RELIGION
is an expensive one, as I have found to my cost.
OH THAT TERRIFIC FORT WAYNE !
Here the noble lord ran his fingers through his sunny
locks, and pulled out his long moustache, amid mur-
murs of admiration from the

351
FAIR MAIDENS
around him.
CIRCUS CLOWN FISK
was so jolly with hi3fair
JERSEY BEAUTY AND MLLE. ROSA
that it was some time before they could get him to his
leet, and then be was not very steady. He said Uncle
Daniel rather got the better of us in that Erie affair,
and I have been rather
STUCK WITH ROCK ISLAND,
l
but I hope that St. Humphrey Davy will do the square
thing this time, if be never did do it before, or by
Jersey lightning Ill transfix him. Here Circus Fisk
made two somersaults, and stood upon his head against
the wall, while
MLLE. ROSA AND MLLE. JERSEY NATHALIE
rested one hand on each boot, their
TOES POINTED
at the audience amid thunders of applause, and
CRIES FROM UNCLE DANIEL
of encore, and higher, higher. When in this altitude,
with his head down and heels up, forming a
SPREAD EAGLE AGAINST THE WALL,
Mile. Solhke insisted upon the circus boy taking a glass
of champagne from her, which he did with choking ef-
fect; ancl then
MLLE. BONFANTI
insisted upon feeding him witfh strawberries, but this
was too much for the fat boy ; he jumped up and sub-
sided, to the great
DISGUST OF BONFANTI,
who said she wanted to see how von leelle fat boy looks
ven he is vat you calls choking. *
CHICAGO CARVER
was poked up by
MLLE INVERNEZZI,
wbo mace him go through a military attitude, and
dialled him effectually.
Chicago Carver explained_laow he
RAN AWAY TO ENGLAND
from his creditors ; and although his partner Maxwell
had taken the benefit of the Bankrupt Act, yet he had
not done so, as he was not sure of getting through. The
lady he escorted from England advised him not to try
it, and-he didnt Chicago Carver began to tell his little
games at the Grain Exchange, Chicago, but was coughed
down.
LAWYER SCURRILL PALE
and beauteous as a corpse, supported by
MLLE. GUARDI,
pulled out of his pocket a copy of The Revolution "
and said that was his paper, he loved it dearly. Tho
lawyer said he would do his duty to the Rock Island
party by writing these articles for the newspapers signed
STOCKHOLDER, AND A HEAVY STOCKHOLDER,
and a kf very heavy stockholder, for lie was quite willing
to do anything for the Chips. Everything was fair in
law and who cared for the interests of the couutry or the
people. That was all bosh. He always advised liis
clients to get all the chips they could. The Rock Island
managers were great fools to spend money in building
the road, when they could get Deep of the Chicago and
Northwestern to make it all right with them if they
stopped at Des Moines and that they
COULD DIVIDE THE $5,000,000
among the stockholders and make everything lovely and
pleasant with big fees for the lawyers. That was lawyer
Scurrills platform.
SLEEPY DENISON
was awakenod by
MLLE. SETH,
raised his majestic form and said he always did what-
ever Sweet William and St. Humphrey Davy told him and
that was his platform.
PERUVIAN BOND MORGAN OR CAVEAT EMTOR,
delighted with the beauty and wit of
MLLE. FRANCISCO,
was loathe to rise, but did so after repeated calls. He said
his platform was to get the Chips the best way he could.
Some stupid people who were fools enough to
BUY PERUVIAN BONDS
found fault with him because the Peruvian Government
would not pay them and said they were a swindle.
Caveat Emtor. Let buyers
BEWARE OF ANGLO-AMERICAN BANKERS,
says the old Roman classic, and if these people have not
studied the classics enough to know what Caveat Em tor
means, then let them
TRY PERUVIAN BARK
and my word for it they wifi find it a
GOOD ENOUGH MORGAN.
The thunders of applause which burst from the
DEFUNCT CLIQUE LEADERS, SWEET WILLIAM AND
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY
fairly brought blushes to the very nose of Peruvian bark
Morgan.
CAVEAT. EMTOR OR PERUVIAN BARK
was drank as a toast in solemn silence by
ALL THE BALLET GIRLS
standing on one toe, in a circle round tbe eminent bank-
er with their bands extended in spread eagle from tbeir
frontispieces.
UNCLE DANIEL LOOKED HANDSOMER
than ever under tbe influence of tbe charms of the dark-
haired
MLLE. LEAH AND THE FAIR CLINETOP.
The old veteran said he meant to stick to Ibis ere
EIRIE AND AARON AND THE GOLDEN CALF.
His friend Deep was a mighty smart man and he guessed
he had been a little too smart in getting loaded up with
all the Michigan Southern and all the Chicago and North-
western stock. For his part he never liked to have all
of anything, not even this eve Eirie. He always liked tb e
boys to have plenty ol this ere Eirie, because it made
thetn spry and take an interest in it, aud he could make
them
DANCE THE CAN-CAN
by milking them as be bad done last week when it
dropped from 73 to 69%. Uncle Daniel said he admired
the
NEW FASHIONS OF THE LADIES
wearing very short, thin gauze dresses, because be
thought it was very economical and saved a great deal
of money and kept the dresses from dragging in the
mud. He liked to
SEE ECONOMY
and short dresses in very young and pretty women, be-
cause it showed they were well brought up said not ex-
travagant. The ladies were all charmed with Uncle
Daniels simplicity, aud they vowed he was a
DEAR GOOD OLD DUCK,
although hard with the chips, and not critically hand-
some.
NATHAN THE PROPHET
was in a perpetual squint at the Jewish maiden,
REBECCA AND LA BELLE, JULIE LA TRAPPE.
He said that it was all humbug having any othe* road
besides Chicago and Northwestern to connect with the
Union Pacific. The Rock Island must not be built, but
stopped at Des Moines? Three things he bated, bills,
newspaper men, and keeping bis word.
PACIFIC MAIL TOBEN
gaped frightfully at the ceiling aud then at
MLLE. STOCKTON,
and then at
JULIE LA TRAPPE,
which alarmed both these damsels, who looked Upon
Pacific Mail Tobin and his cold-blooded physique with
feelings of horror and fear, not knowing what he moant
or was going to do. P, M. Tobin said ho went in
ONLY FOR HIMSELF AND THE CHIPS.
He told the boys to
BUY PACIFIC MAIL
the day
THE DAILY SQUIB
had a bull article, and told everybody it was going up
and he sold out all he had of course at 98% down, and
STUCK MY FRIENDS THE GAMBLERS,


352
fUvflhttifltt.
and others as usual oi course. Why shouldnt I stick
my friends? Dont I come into Wall street to stick my
friends ? Of course I do. With this groat moral senti-
ment, he threw his head back, gaped wider than ever
and gazed with blank vacancy on tbo ceiling to the ter-
ror of Lis fair companions.
CONTINENTAL MURDOCK
sandwiched between
MLLES. PRATT AND MACKEADY
looked like a Wall street sharper in a blind pool. He
said the
SALARIES OP BANK OFFICERS
dont pay. It is quito right and proper for a bank offi-
cer to go in with cliques and pick up the Chips the best
way he can. What do I care about Rock Island. My
friends, said St. Humphrey Davy, is going to see that I am
all right, and of course I endorse the stc ckholders meet-
ing
EVEN IF IT IS BOGUS.
It cant do mu any harm and may do me some good.
Some people say it will injure the credit of the bank but
what is that to me ? Chips must be had.
' BANKRUPTCY MAXWELL
arose, holding the hand of
TEE LOVELY IRENE.
He said that he had manufactured a lot of stockholders
names by buying Rock Island on small margins, and
know what he was about.
NAPOLEON BURR
rose and pinched the ear of tho beautiful
MLLE. WILMORE
in imitation oi the Great Emperor whom he resembles.
Mile. Wilmoro executed a pas whioh delighted
uncle Daniels stool pigeon
much. Mile. Wilmore said that her little duck of a stool
pigeon was very handsome, but it did not speak with
its leetie mouth, but it spoke whole volumes with its
leetle twinkling eyes. Good for the stool pigeon and
Milo. Wilmore.
BEAU BRUMMELL BLOODGOOD
arose and exhibited himself for one minute, with
MLLE. MONTAGU
on his arm, to the admiration of the whole, company.
His style is the envy of Beau Brummell Hughes.
CALIFORNIA SELLYVERE
executed an attitude with
MLLE. ZUCOU, AND THEN MLLE. BONFANTI
sprang on to his broad shoulder and piroueted on her
toe. Tbcpositions were undoubtedly the finest of the
evening, and brought down thunders of applause. He
said ho was so
OVERCOME WITH BUSS
that he could not speak, but on another occasion he
would be happy to explain bow to
SELL LOTS AT AUCTION IN CALIFORNIA,
and buy thorn cheap. That he could tell them
LAND AUCTIONS IN CALIFORNIA
were as big a thing as Rock Island, being sold out to the
Chicago and North-Western Company.
BROOKLYN PBUYN ASKED MLLE. SOLHKE
to dauce a Hungarian polka for him, which she said she
would b. happy to do if her patron,
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY,
would i ermither. St. Humphrey Davy said sbe might
and she did.
Brooklyn Frayn said he could not speak, but he could
write some more editorials for his friend the English
lord to put iu the
MONEY ARTICLE OF THE DAILY SQUIB.
At this stage of the proceedings the
DEFUNCT WALL STREET LEADER, SWEET WILLIAM,
rose and said that this was rather slow work for the
ladios listening to know how the chips were to be made
iu Wall street by his friend
ST. HUMPHREY DAVYS LITTLE GAME IN BOCK
ISLAND,
and he would propose, if it was agreeable to the Chair-
man, as he found it would be to the
DEAR CREATURES AROUND HTM,
that they should call in the music and indulge in that
intoxicating Parisian luxury of tho can-can, in which
they all took lessons from
ALLERDICE DURING TYCOON BUSSELLS AND THE GRAND
DUTCH-SS
tight money market. St. Humphry Davy seconded the
motion of the defunct Wall street leader, and called upon
each gentleman presont to select his partner. The band
struck up the liveliest airs from the Grand Duchess of
Gerolstein, and
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY
led off with
MLLE. SOHLKE,
looking the personification of
RICHARD THE THIRD AND TEE PRINCESS ANNE.
CONTINENTAL MURDOCK
then followed with Mile.----, and being rather awk-
ward in clique movements, stumbled and fell, to the
great amusement ofthe company. Continental Murdock
said he did not care a Continental- for anything
oxcept the pace, but the pace of this can-can
killed-him; he liked the steady Bank pace much
b &tter, it did not take his breath away, he wished he had
never gone into'these
WALL STREET POOLS.
Sweet William started with the beautiful Mile.---
but his motions were so heavy that she recommended
him to stand still and she would dauce around him,
which she did,
SPANKING SWEET WILLIAMS NOSE WITH* HER TOE
before he knew where he was, and with a retort en
derriere, while Sweet William was rubbing his nose.
This feat called forth shouts of laughter, and the defunct
Wall street leader said that the can-can was as good an
eye-opener as a
NORTH-WEST OR MICHIGAN SOUTHERN POOL,
and that Mile.---was a brick, and ho would put her
down for a call iu Bock Island for a thousand shares,
although he did not think it would be worth much, still
it might be. St Humphrey Davy hero called Sweet
William aside, and told him to
GIVE ALL THE BALLET GIRLS
a put for one thousand shares each on Eock Island
for thirty days, upon condition that they got their friends
to buy against thorn, because, dont you see, said
St Humphrey Davy iu a whisper, we oan
UNLOAD OUR ROCK ISLAND '
ou them and go short, aud then we need not bother
with this
HUMBUG STOCKHOLDERS
election at Chicago at all. Billy said he would do it,
The can-can became uproarious, and
TOES AND NOSES
were so blcudcd that it was hard telling which was
which.
The gas here went out, and amid shrieks from
the fair ones and shouts fro u the gallant males, the
waiters broke open the door, aud lights were brought
in, which displayed a scene no pen pan describe. The
Bock Island revel will long live in the memory of the
beauteous damsels from la belle France aud sunny Italy,
and history will tell tbo Jate of St. Humylirey Davy, his
friend Deep, Morgan's Peruvian Bark, Caveat Emtor,
and the Continental Bank, and other officials who go in
for the chips.
THE MONEY MARKET
is supplied with loanable lnnds largely in excess of the
demand and call loans arc easy at 3 to 4 per cent, with
exceptions at 2 per cent to the large government bond
dealers and A to 5 per cent, on stock collaterals. Bates
of interest are lower than they ever were before in Wall
street. First class business notes are wanted at 6 to G%
per cent. The banks are offering to lend on call at 4 por
cent. The weekly bank statement shows that the banks
have no means of using their surplus iu loans, the legal
tenders having been increased $3,400,751 and the de-
posits $2,339,412 while tho loans are increased only
296,211.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
May 2id May 30th Differences.
Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Legal tenders,
$207,381,279
20,476,947
34,183,038
202,507,550
62,233,002
$268,177,490 Inc.
17,861,088 Dec.
33,145,606 Dec.
204,746,962 Inc.
65,633,753 Inc.
$796,211
2,615,859
37,432
2,239,412
3,409,751
THE GOLD MARKET
was weak duriug the week but closed stronger. The
large shipments of specie and a considerable short in-
terest have reduced the rates for carrying to flat without
intrest, and in some cases 1-64 and 1-32 were paid for
borrowing.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. /Closing.
Saturday, 23, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Monday, 25, 139% 140 139% 140
Tuesday, 26, 1M% 140% 139% 140%
Wednesday, 2J, 140% 140% 139% 139%
Thursday, 28, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Friday, 29, 139% 139% ' 139% 139%
Saturday, 30, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Monday, 1, 139% 139% 139% 139%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is steady. The large shipments of specie have strength,
ned it. Bankers CO days sterling bills are quoted 110%
to 110% and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on Paris bank-
ers longs 6-13% to 5-12% and sight 5-10% to 5-10.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
is without animation although prices are steady and in
some cases higher. Fort Wayne was run up to 116%
aud New York Central to 135%. Erie fluctuated between
73 and 69%. Rock Island is dull and neglected, owing to
litigation iii it, Toledo and Wabash is firm. Reading is
active but closed dull. Pacific Mail is dull. The mis-
cellaneous shares are quiet. The border state stocks
are active and strong, more especially Virginias, which
are advancing rapidly to a line with Tennessees and
North Carolines which are selling about 10 per cont.
higher.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 51% to 51% ; Boston W. P., 20% to 21;
Cumb, Coal, 35% 35%; Wells, Fargo & Co., 25% to
25%; American Express, 53 to 54 ; Adams Express, 56%
to 57 ; United States Express, 55% to 56 ; Merchants
Union Express, 28 to 28% ; Quicksilver, 29 to 29% ;
Mariposa, 5 to 6 j do. preferred, 8% to 10% ; Pacific
Mail, 95% to 95% ; Atlantic Mail, 30 to 34 ; W. U. Tel.,
38% to 38 % ; New York Central, 134% to 135 ; Erie,
69% to 69%; preferred, 76 to 77; Hudson River, H2
to 143 ; Reading, 95% to 96 ; Tol. W. & W., 51 to 61% ;
preferred, 69 to 70 ; Mil. & St. P., 66% to 67 ; preferred,
78% to 79 ; Ohio & M. C. 30% to 30% ; Mich. Cen.,
119% to 120; Mich. South, 89% to 90 ; 111. Central
149 to 149%; Cleveland & Pittsburg, 88% to 88% ;
Cleveland & Toledo, 109% to 110; Rock Island, 97% to
97% ; Northwestern, 69 to 69% preferred, 81%to 81% ;
Fort Wayne, 116% to 116%.
*
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are unprecedently active and strong. The business of
the week was enormous aud prices are tending upwards.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Registered, 1881, 111% to 112; Coupon, 3881, 116%
to 116%; 6-20 Registered, 1862, 108% to 109; 5-20
Coupon, 1862, 112% to 112% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 110%
to 110% ; 5-2u Coupon, 1865, 110% to 110% ; 5-20 Cou-
pon, Jan. and July, 1885, 113 to 113% ; 5-20 Coupon]
1867, 113% to 113% ; 10-40 Registered, 105% to 106 ;
10-40 Coupon, 106 to 106%; June, 7-30, 100% to
109% ; July, 7-30, 109% to 109%; August Compounds,
1865,118% ; Sept, do., 117% ; October do., 117%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,258,144 in gold against $2,184,880
last week, $2,464,097, and $2,293,625 for the preceding
weeks. The imports of merchandise for the week were
$5,635,567 in gold agaiust $3,470,371, $5,773,251 and $4,-
216,906 for ihe preceding weeks. Tbc exports, exclusive of
specie, were $3,657,521, in currency, against $4,(35,731
$3,434,535 and S3,188,021, for the preceding weeks.
The exports of specie were $4,211,723, against $3,947,-
638, $3,150,457, $3,686,394 and $1,431,891 for the pre-
ceding weeks.
BEAT NATIONAL PAINTING.
THE NEW REPUBLIC,
OB,
EMANCIPATION.
A splendid Allegorical picture by the celebrated artist,
Ferdinand Pauwls, Professor ofthe Academy at Weimar
On exhibition at the ART GALLERY, 845 Broadway,
N. Y., from 9 A. M. to 10 P. M. |21-24