Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

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Full Text
Principle, not policy: justice; not favors.men, their rights and nothing more: women, their rights and nothing less.
VOL. LNO. 23.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JUNE 11, 1868. single$cop#Ei^oents.
I)t Bflflltlfl.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON",)
PARKER PILLSBURY, J ^ditors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
DAME CRUMP*8 PIC AND THE PEACE
DEMOCRATS.
Among the nursery rhymes so familiar to all,
from which we have given daily recitations for
twenty years, may be found a deeply interesting
sketch of Dame Crumps struggle with a little
pig she purchased at market one, day, and tried
to drive home. This ancient poem sets forth
in a clear, concise way her eloquent appeals to
bystanders, animate and inanimate, for assist-
ance, her earnest and protracted efforts to
reach her cottage with her prize ere the dark-
ness of night should surround them. But be-
fore she could persuade this obstinate quad-
ruped to turn from the error of his way, she
had to rein up the elements, and chain the ani-
mal and vegetable kingdoms together in her
service. In her agony, the afflicted dame peti-
tioned the dog, the stick, the fire, the water, the
ox, the butcher, the rope, the rat, the cat, in
turn ; but all in vain, until the cat, true to her
instincts, pounced upon the rat, and then the
whole line was in motion in a twinkling; and*
pig went home.
Just so, the Goddess of Liberty has struggled
for the last eight years with a few democrats,
blocking the wheels of progress on the highway
of civilization, crying peace, -peace, when there
was no peace. She has appealed, petitioned,
coaxed and reasoned with them, but all in vain,
She has warned them of coming danger, pro-
phesied their swift destruction, urged and be-
sought them with prayers and lamentations to
awake, and move on, lest they should be
ground to powder ; but they have turned a cleaf
, ear to all her threatnings and persuasions.
In her extremity, she has applied to war demo-
crats, conservative and radical republicans,
bigotted and liberal abolitionists, and conjured
them, one and all, to drop their present party
and partial schemes, and teach those obstinate
worshippers of the dead past the A B C of
human rights. But the eloquence of Stevens,
Sumner, Phillips, Beecherargument, appeal,
threats, mobs, violence and war have been all
in vain. Then the goddess turned to the women
of the nation, and they, with the quick instincts
of affection, seeing that all these parties were
based on expediency, not principle, proclaimed
the law of equality, struck the key-note of re-
construction in universal suffrage, from Maine
to Louisiana. They saw that to move these
peace democrats from their position all other
parties must bring themselves into line with
principle. So they seized the Bible, the Con-
stitution, the Declaration of Independence, the
bloody records of the war, and hurled them at
the abolitionsts; the abolitionists fell on the
radical republicans, the radicals on the conserv-
ative republicans, the conservatives on the
war democrats, the war democrats on the peace
democrats, and the peace democrats are going
to school (vide proposed democratic platform,
N. Y. World, July 5th). They have at last ad-
mitted that the war with Great Britain is ended,,
that General Jackson is dead, and that the
nigger is a slave no more. Having got
their eyes wide open, if they-will now only
mind their ps and qs in the coming July Con-
vention, with the Chief-Justice for their school-
master, and Universal Suffrage for their text,
they will give law to the nation. But if, in a
moment of weakness, they look backward for
inspiration, thick darkness and death will
again encompass them, and their sun will set to
rise no more forever. Rem ember Lots wife.
e. c. s. '
FREE RELIGIOUS CONVENTION IN
BOSTON.
It came near being a success. In numbers
and orators it was wholly so. Tremont Temple
was never better filled than during the morning
and evening sessions. The sudden and severe
rain prevented the attendance in the evening,
or undoubtedly it would have been immense.
It was unquestionably the meeting of the whole
week. It was really the legitimate substitute
for and successor to the old. Anti-Slavery Con-
vention, and much resembled it in manyJ of jits
aspects, as indeedit does also in its objects ;
both meaning Emancipation. Delegates it-
tended from many religious associations fr( m
the Episcopal Church, down (or up) to the ra< st-
extreme Free Thinkers and Rationalists. In-
vitations were extended to'Jews, Mahon e-
tans, pagans, and indeed to the whole hum-an
race, which was at least liberality, if not wisdom.
Among the well-known participants in the
exercises of the occasion were O. B. Froih-
ingham, President; T. W. Higginson, Jonh
Weiss, Robert Collyer, Olympia Brown, dairies'
Freeman Clarke, A. Bronson Alcott and Wendjell.
Phillips. A branch of the Hutchinson Family
was present, and added great interest by th sir
almost matchless music, kindled'as it was by
the genius and spirit of the times. There v as
a preliminary session on Thursday aftemo< n,
making four in alb and all of them long b ut
lull of* interest tothe last moment. It was m
the whole quite a Pentecostal scene. If ea!ch
did not speak/with a cloven or firey
tongue, all seemed desirous to be understood
in the language in which they were spiritually
born. The two most sublime utterances were
by J.ohn Weiss and Wendell Phillips, both of
whom appeared inspired. A Baptist and an
Episcopal clergyman were*of the delegates, and
were.lieard with great interest, particularly the
former; Howard Malcom.;. ..........~
As was expected, each, speaker represen' ejfl
his own individual thought as well as that of
some association or denomination, but each was
charitably inclined towards all the rest, gener-
ally, indeed always, leaning towards points of
agreement rather than of difference- Which,
to our mind, was not well; was very far from
well. Some of the speakers profess to believe
and constantly preach as ministers, that salva-
tion in the coming life is only through an atone-
ment made by the sufferings and death of an
infinite Saviour. That rejecting this, especially
in this day and this land.of light and know-
ledge, is to plunge the soul into a perdition of
eternal and unutterable woe! where the worm
dieth not, and the fire is not quenched! where
are weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth,
in everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his
angels. Such is the professed and proclaimed
belief of at least two ppwerful denominations re-
presented in the convention. Which doctrine,
if true, inevitably consigns almost the whole of
the vast multitude present to all unutterable -
torments, for ever and ever !
Too serious a subject, it would sewn, to be
treated with courtesies, amenities and mutual
admirations, and there left. If Calvinism be
not true, and of course- vitally, supremely im-
portant, if true, why is ik preached ? audwhy.
enforced at all? If it^e true, how dare its min-
isters come and virtually assure a great congre-
gation that if their behavior is respectable and
decent, they are as sure of salvation from Jew-
ish synagogue or Mahometan Mosque, os from
a Christian church ? Genuine religion, the pu-
rification and elevation of the soul, growth in
true holiness may be secured by such conven-
tions, but our faith is wavering in regard to
.them. p. p.
A IR1ENDLT CAU1I0N.
L ' *
/ The Boston Herald says the Female Suffrage
question is gaining more rapidly in England than
in the United States,:,ap.d pur sisters must be
up and doing, if they do:not wish to be left in
the lurch. A* petition with* twenty thousand
signatures has just, been presented to Parlia-
1 ment asking for women the right to vote for
members of that body. Among the signers are
Miss Florence Nightingale, Lady Amberley,
Professor Bain, .Miss Frances Power Cobbe,
William and Mary Howitt, Professor Huxley,
the Rev. Charles Kingsley, Miss Martineau, Pro-
fessor Leshe, Hr; John.Morley, Professor New-
man, Mr.; F. T.- Palgrave, Dr. Lyon. Playfair,
Professor Robertson, Miss-Heleu Taylor, Har-
riefc Grpte, and many others only less famous
in literature and science. A good many able
men appear on the list, and the leader of the
movement in the House of Commons is John
Stuart Mill, the most influential political econo-
mist in England. The 7?omen of England have
much to encourage them iu the fact that the
present sovereign of the land is a woman, and
that the two most prosperous reigns in English
history are those of womenElizabeth and Vic-
toria.
N


354
o
iUvtflutifltt.
VENTILATION.
The whole nation groaneth and is in bond-
age through foul air. It poisons us univer-
sallyin the church and school, in the theatre
and concert hall, in tho steam-car and street-
car, in places of trade, and even in our own
homes!
This is not true of those churches alone
who believe that to mortify the body is to glo-
rify its Makerthat no service is more accept-
able to Him than violation of physical law
crushing the body for the souls good! Even
in one of the most enlightened churches of this
citywhere reason crushes superstitionthe
air is so close and the light so dim, that the
earnest, common sense words of the preacher
fall on dull ears and drowsy brains. Oui- schools
are still 'worsefor there must our children,
less able than we to endure a had atmosphere,
remain for successive hours daily, taxing the
most delicate part of the whole organism, while
the life-power is being slowly, but surely ex-
hausted. We go to the theatrea fine build-
ingof good proportions, beautiful in taste,
and of refined appointments. Rosedale is
instore. The house fills, the gas is turned
on, the curtain rises and all is charming, when
suddenly the air, surcharged with carbonic acid,
becomes oppressive. We lose our interest, feel
wretchedly, look longingly for ventilatorshope
there is one in the ceiling, but cannot quite
make it out. We long to escape, but that
would he exchanging one ordeal for another!
At last comes the Gipsey Dell, with its life
in the open air, its rocks and trees, its fall of
clear, cold water, its starry skies and cool, fresh
breezes! We live again.
As to the street-cars, the air is intolerable!
thick with impurity! How common politeness,
sweetness of temper, or any Christian grace can
live in such an atmosphere, is marvellous 1 No
wonder that strong men and women keep their
seats, while poor frail ones, or tired ones, with
heavy baskets aud bundles, must stand!
One of the largest stores in this city, where
goods of costliest woof and dye cover number-
less counters, where throngs of eager pur-
chasers press during the entire day, the air is
overpowering and sickeningits vitality all
gone! It is not only impure, but heated;
In our own homes the evil is quite as great. I
believe it is speaking safely within the limits of
trutlrto say that not one bed-room in a thou-
sand is properly ventilated. Indeed, it would
be hard to fiud a bed-room, in the early morn-
ing, with air so pure that you would not at once
' know it had been closed and occupied during
the night. Lewis W. Leeds, in his admirable
Lectures on Ventilation," says: Consump-
tion is almost entirely the result of breathing
impure airit is as preventible by the exclusive
use of pure air as drunkenness is by the exclu-
sive use of pure water. He shows conclu-
sively, how much more we require a draft of
air through the room at night, than in the day!
Men wonder at the prevalence of disease.
Rather let them wonder that there is so little!
Would that it were the duty of physicians .to
prevent sickness! Would that one-half our
churches were physiological institutions to
teach us how to live. m.
The men who flatter women do not know them suffi-
ciently, and the men who only abuse them do not know
them at all. Exchange.
And those who do know them do not fear to
trust them with the largest freedom.
THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT.
INTRODUCTION.
After considering the historic page, and
viewing the living world with anxious solicitude,
the most melancholy emotions of sorrowful in-
dignation have depressed my spirits, and I have
sighed when obliged to confess, that either na-
ture has made a great difference between man
and man, or that the civilization, which has
hitherto taken place in the world, has been very
partial. I have turned over various books
written on the subject of education, and pa-
tiently observed the conduct of parents and the
management of schools; hut what has been the
result? a profound conviction, that the ne-
glected education of my fellow-creatures is the
grand source of the misery I deplore ; and that
women, in particular, are rendered weak and
wretched by a variety of concurring causes,
originating from one hasty conclusion. The
conduct and manners of women, in fact, evi-
dently prove, that their minds are not in- a
healthy state ; for, like the flowers that are
planted in too rich soil, strength and useful-
ness are sacrificed to beauty ; and tlie flaunting
leaves, after having pleased a fastidious eye,
fade, disregarded on the stalk, long before the
season when they ought to nave arrived at ma-
turity. One cause of this barren blooming I
attribute to a false system of education, gath-
ered from the books written on this subject by
men, who, considering females rather as women
than human creatures, have been more anxious
to make them alluring mistresses than rational
wives ; and the understanding of the sex has
been so bubbled by this specious homage, that
the civilized women Of the present century,
with a few exceptions, are only auxious to in-
spire love, when they ought to cherish a nobler
ambition, and by their abilities and virtues ex-
act respect.
In a treatise, therefore, on female rights and
manners, the works which have been particu-
larly written for their improvement must not
be overlooked especially when it is asserted,
in direct terms, that the minds of women are
enfeebled by false refinement; that the books
of .instruction, written by men of genius, have
had the same tendency as more frivolous pro-
ductions ; and that, in the true style of Ma-
hometanism, they are only considered as fe-
males, and not as a part of the human species,
when improvable reason is allowed to .be the
dignified distinction, which raises men above
the brute creation, and puts a natural sceptre in
a feeble hand.
Yet, because I am a woman, I would not lead
my readers to suppose, that I mean violently to
agitate the contested question respecting the
equality and inferiority of the sex ; but as the
subject lies in my way, and I cannot pass it
over without subjecting the main tendency of
my reasoning to misconstruction, I shall stop a
moment to deliver, in a few words, my opinion.
In the government of the physical world, it is
observable that the female, in general, is in-
ferior to the male. The male pursues, the fe-
male-yieldsthis is the law of nature ; and it
does not appear to he suspended or abrogated in
favor of woman.' This physical superiority
cannot be deniedand it is a noble preroga-
tive But not content with this natural pre-
eminence, men endeavor to sink ns still lower,
merely to render us alluring objects for a mo-
ment ; and woman, intoxicated by, the adora-
tion which men, under the influence of their
senses, pay them, do not seek to obtain a dura-
ble interest in their hearts, or to become the
Mends of the fellow-creatures who find amuse-
ment in their society.
I am aware of an Obvious inference: from
every quarter have I heard exclamations against-
masculine women ; but where are they to be
found? If, by this appellation, men mean to
inveigh against their ardor in hunting, shooting,
and garniug, I shall most cordially join in the
cry ; but if it be, against the imitation of manly
virtues, or, more properly speaking, the attain-
ment of those talents and virtues, the exercise
of which ennobles the human character, and
which raise females in the scale of animal be-
ing, when they are comprehensively termed
mankindall those who view them with a
philosophical eye must, I should think, wish
with me, that they may every day grow more
and more masculine.
This discussion naturally divides the subject.
I shall first consider women in the grand light
of human creatures, who, in common with men,
are placed on this earth to unfold their facul-
ties ; and afterwards I shall more particularly
point out their peculiar designation.
I wish also to steer clear of an error, which
many respectable writers have fallen into ; for
the instruction which has hitherto been ad-
dressed to women, has rather been applicable to
ladies, if the little indirect advice, that is scat-
tered through Sandford and Merton, be excepted;
but, addressing my sex in a firmer tone, I pay
'particular attention to those in the middle class,
because they appear to he in the most natur-
al state. Perhaps the seeds of false refinement,
immorality, and vanity have ever been shed by
the great. Weak, artificial beings raised above
the common wants and affections of their race,
in a premature unnatural manner, undermine
the very foundation of virtue, and spread cor-
ruption through the whole mass of society! As
a class of mankind they have the strongest
claim to pity! the education of the rich tends
to render them vain and helpless, and the un-
folding mind is not strengthened by the prac-
tice of those duties which dignify the human
character. They only live to amuse themselves,
and by the same law which in nature invariably
produces certain effects, they soon only afford
barren amusement.
But as I purpose taking a separate view of the
different ranks of society, and of the moral
character of women, in each, this hint is, for
the present, sufficient; and I have only alluded
to the subject, because it appeals to me to be ^
the very essence of an introduction to give a
cursory account of the contents of the work it
introduces.
My own sex, I hope, will excuse me, if I treat
them like rational creatures, instead of flatter-
ing their fascinating graces, and viewing them
as if they were in a state of perpetual child-
hood, unable to stand alone. I earnestly wish
to point out in what true dignity and human
happiness consistsI wish to persuade women
to endeavor to acquire strength, both of mind
and body, and to convince theni, that the soft
phrases, susceptibility of heart, delicacy of sen-
timent, and refinement of taste,, are almost
synonymous with epithets of weakness, and that
those beings who are only the objects of pity
and that kind of love which has been termed its
sister, will soon become objects of contempt.
Dismissing, then, those pretty femininephras
es, which the men condescendingly use to soften
our slavish dependence, and despising that


gtitftfttttitftt.
355

weak elegancy of mind, exquisite sensibility,
and sweet docility of manners, supposed to be
the sexual characteristics of the weaker vessel, I
wish to show that elegance is inferior to virtue,
that the first object of laudable ambition is to
obtain a character as a human being, regardless
of the distinction of sex.; and that secondary
views should be brought to this simple touch-
stone.
This is a rough sketch of my plan ; and should
I express my conviction with the energetic
emotions that I feel whenever I think of the
subject, the dictates of experience and reflec-
tion will be felt by some of my readers. Ani-
mated by this important object, I shall disdain
to cull my phrases or polish my styleI aim at
being useful, and sincerity will render me un-
affected ; for wishing rather to persuade by the
force of my arguments, than dazzle by the ele-
gance of my language, I shall not waste my
time in rounding periods, nor in fabricating the
turgid bombast of artificial feelings, which,
coming from the head, never reach the heart.
I shall be employed about things, not words!
and, anxious to render my sex more respectable
members of society, I shall try to avoid that
flowery diction which has slided from essays
into novels, and fromnovels into familiar letters
and conversation.'
. These pretty nothings, these caricatures of
the ^real beauty of sensibility, dropping glibly
from the tongue, vitiate the taste, and create a
land of sickly delacacy that turns away from sim-
ple, unadorned truth ; and a deluge of false sen-
timents, and overstretched feelings, stifling the
natural emotions of the heart, render the do-
mestic pleasures insipid, that ought to sweeten
the exercise of those severe duties, which edu-
cate a rational and immortal being for a nobler
field of action.
The education of women has, of late, been
more attended to than formerly ; yet thoy are
still reckoned a frivolous sex, and ridiculed or'
pitied by the writers who endeavor by satire or
instruction to improve them. It is acknowl-
edged that they spend many of the first years
of their lives in acquiring a smattering of ac-
complishments : meanwhile, strength of body
and mind are sacrificed to libertine notions of
beauty, to the desire of establishing themselyes,
the only way women can rise in the world
by marriage. And this desire making mere
animals of them, when they marry, they act as
such children maybe expected to act: they
dress, they paint, and nickname Gods creatures.
Surely these weak beings are only fit for the
seraglio! Can they govern a family, or take
care of the poor- babes whom they bring into
the world ?
If, then, it can be fairly deduced from the
present conduct of the 8ex, from the prevalent
fondness for pleasure, which takes place of am-
bition and those nobler passions that open and
enlarge the soul; that the instruction which
women have received has only tended, with the
constitution of civil society, to render them in-
significant objects of desire ; mere propagators
of fools! if it can be proved, that in aiming to
accomplish them, without cultivating their un-
derstandings, they are taken, out of their sphere
of duties, and made ridiculous and useless when
the short-lived bloom of beauty is over, *
. I presume that rational men'will excuse me for
endeavoring to persuade them to become more
masculine and respectable.
* A lively writer, I cannot recollect his name, asks
what business women turned of forty have to do in the
world.
Indeed the word masculine is only a bugbear:
there is little reason to fear that women will ac-
quire too much courage or fortitude ; for their
apparent inferiority with respect to bodily
strength, must render them, in some degree,
dependent on men in the various relations of
life ; but why should it be increased by preju-
dices that give a sex to virtue, and confound
simple truths with sensual reveries ?
Women are, in fact, so much degraded by
mistaken notions of female excellence, that I
do not mean to add a paradox when I assert,
that this artificial weakness produces a propen-
sity to tyrannize, and gives birth to cunning,
the natural opponent of strength, which leads
them to play off those contemptible infantile
airs that undermine esteem even whilst they ex-
cite desire. Do not foster these prejudices, and
they will naturally fall into their subordinate,
yet respectable station in life.
It seems scarcely necessary to say, that I now
speak of the sex in general. Many individuals
have more sense than their male relatives ; and,
as nothing preponderates where there is a con-
stant struggle for an equilibrium, without it
has naturally more gravity, some women govern
their husbands without degrading themselves,
because intellect will always govern.
(To be Continued.)
WE AT TEE PRESS SAYS OF US.
From Packards Monthly, New York.
Miss Anthonys paper, The Revolution, has suc-
ceeded in being talked about, to an extent which must
be gratifying to its proprietornot proprietress, mind
youand it is not a little curious to note the difference
in the views expressed by. equally intelligent and candid
contemporaries. All agree that it is vigorous, spicy, and
(woman-like) disposed to have the last if not the best
word ; but while some commend its tone and sphere ot
labor, others deprecate both in no measured terms. It
is very evident that The Revolution has a mission;
and if it do not fully succeed in making good its title, it
will, at least, be instrumental in many needed reforms.
Miss Anthony asks no favors of man or woman, and is
quite capable of handling an oar with the best ol them.
As Revolutions never go backward, and as it is im-
possible for anything to stand still that a vigorous* wo-
man has in hand, there is no other issue for this spright-
ly sheet but sweem. So mote it be.
Inasmuch as the first step for a newspaper is
to he advertised, we confess it is very gratifying
to be talked about. The opposite opinions,
feelings and judgments of the press and the
people are indeed both amusing and instructing.
Amusing because .each one seems to think
The Revolution, like all other papers, was
started to express the ideas of borne organiza-
tion, party, or sect; and instructing, because
it shows that as we could not please everybody
it is all important to maintain a positive, plumb
up and down character, doing our own work,
and saying our own words without the slightest
reference to Brown, Smith or Jones. One thing
is flattering, nobody is indifferent to us. We
have moved all alike to some positive emotions.
Some smile on us, some swear at us, some are
pleased, some pained, some delighted, some
disgusted, some believe, some belie, some bless
and some blame. We sit in our sanctum and
read what all say, and seeing, that if we heeded
all, we should say nothing ourselves, we have
come to the conclusion to talk, as usual, our own
thoughts and opinions. Making the weal and
the woe of humanity everything to us, t^heir
praise and their blame of no account.
From the Weekly Kansas Radical.
The Revolution.A paper with this title has been
started in New York city. It is well conducted edito-
rially, and mechanically is a model of taste. The wo-
man sticks out in both departments. We have're-
ceived and read it every week. Its prime object is to
arm woman with the ballotassuming that thus equipped
she is equal to any other man. If the able people who
control this journal would not tinge tlieir .publica-
tion witb so much of the scold, it would perhaps be
more acceptable. The Revolution knows how The
Radical is on the Woman Suffrage question, and we
are willing to Ex, believing that we can stand it as
long as they can. Perhaps in our next contest over that
question in this state, we might consent to meet The
Revolution half way, by submitting the question of
voting franchise to the women themselves.
Undoubtedly when we have the ballot we
shall be politically equal to man, we shall then
have a voice in the laws and a share of the
offices ; and vofce'ourselves' in the schools and
all the government departments, equal pay for
equal work. Seeing that the man sticks out
everywhere in the Bible, constitution, laws, in
every journal in the two hemispheres, it seems
to us time that there should be such a Revolu-
tion in mundane affairs that the woman should
strike out somewhere, and let the white
male know that he does not constitute all the
elements necessary to the state, the church, or
the home. It is impossible for man to round
out and perfect a thought in art, science, litera-
ture or government without the spiritual and
intellectual elements of woman, as it is to cre-
ate and perfect a.being in and of himself. The
analogy in the material and moral world is as
clear and certain as it is beautiful and bene-
ficent.
From the Isabella County Enterprise, Mount Pleasant,
Mich.
The Revolution.This is the title of a new pub-
lication, just merging into existence, and which is fear-
less in its advocacy of justice, right, and humanity. It
is out-spoken and uncompromising in its denunciations
of government swindlers, pap-suckers, etc., and equally
as Arm in its advocacy of the rights of women. The
articles it contains are high-toned, and savor of much
intellect in the writers. To anti-monopolists, to those
favoring Womans Rights, and to common-sensed peo-
ple generally, we commend The Revolution.
Isabella! thanks to her enterprize that Co-
lumbus discovered America. How little these-
men think of their ingratitude to that good
Queen, when they degrade her whole sex by
putting the odious word male in all their
constitutions, and making laws to oppress wo-
men ; to shut her out of the colleges, trades,
professions, and all profitable and honorable
employments. You have recommended us to
just the right sort of people, common-sensed
people, those that have no party or sect to
build up, no personal axe to grind, who simply
wish to see things precisely as they are, and
call them by their right names. Yes, let all these
people take The Revolution and send us
their sharp, short, spicy criticisms on all the
sham and humbug they see in politics, xeligioD,
and social life, and help us to build up a gov-
ernment of justice, a religion of purity, and
homes of peace and happiness on the earth, all
of which can be done by bringing ourselves into
line with Gods laws.
From tho Janesville (Mich.) Independent.
While we may hot he able to adopt all the theories and
policies put forth by The Revolution, yet it requires
no cross on our part to advocate Womans Rights.
Wfe long since believed that the ballot should be
given to woman, and this faith is strengthened day by
day. To give her the ballot would be simply granting
woman her rights, without degrading her in the least, or
lowering the dignity of man. The world is not yet ready
to adopt this doctrine, but the time, we trust, is not
far distant when woman shall be a party in making the
laws under which she lives. Therefore we welcome
. The Revolution as one of the workers in revolu-
tionizing the world.
We think the worldjis ready for the doctrine.


356
fjUtMrtutitrti.
Look at it: seventy-five votes in favor of Wo-
mans Suffrage in the British Parliament last
year, 20,000 more petitions going into Parlia-
ment to-day; Lilly Maxwell voting for a mem-
ber of the House of Commons; women voting
to-day in Sturgis, Mich., Passaic, N. J., and
Schenectady, N. Y. ; nine hundred votes in Kan-
sas, the first time the proposition was submitted
in this country. Thousands of petitions going
to Washington to-day demanding suffrage for
woman in the District of Columbia. When-
ever we find a man postponing a wise
measure tox another generation, we think
he is not quite ready himself. This is
the century in which civilization is to take long
leaps forward, in which even old fogies, with the
whites of their eyes turned up, will be forced
to shed the dead skins of the past and move on.
So wake up, Mr. Independent, with a new faith
and do all you can to revolutionize the world
and oil the wheels of The Revolution.
From the True Northerner, Pau Pan, Mich.
The Revolution is the name of a neat paper, in
octavo form, devoted to the rights of women, politically
as well as socially. The journal is ably edited, and de-
serves the support of all friends of progress. It seeks
to elevate woman, not above her proper sphere, hut to
that sphere ; to make intelligence the standard, and not
sex. We have for years been convinced that the politi-
cal world needs more intelligence ; and where is it more
available than in the educated women of America?
Give us your two paus, that we may have a
hearty shake over that. You are right; we
need virtue and education at the polls ; and we
need still more the united thought and in-
terest of man and wbmafi in government to
make it stable and secure. To talk of recon-
structing this nation without the recognition of
woman, is to build without a corner-stone.
Let the history of the long past teach us the
vanity of all mans efforts to secure peace, pros-,
perity or power with his hand on the neck of
the mother of the race. Why make another
experiment on the basis of manhood suffrage?
Are we not yet convinced of the wisdom of the
command: What God hath joined together let
no man put asunder.
From the Door County Advocate, Sturgeon, Wis.
The Revolution, Mrs. Cady Stantons paper, is
sharp and pungent. Mixed with the nonsense of Train
is considerable sense from the pens of others. Strong-
minded women, and all women who aint, but have a
hankering to be, should try The Revolution.
The nonsense of Train! Now, dear readers,
we will tell you a good joke. We have pub-
lished several admirable articles from Train
without his name, which have been republished
and'commented on all over the country, which
might have been scouted^ had the author been
known. This shows how a wicked prejudice
against a man will overshadow all his noble
deeds and words. In the World, May 31st, is
one of the most tender and pathetic letters
from Mr. Train, in prison, that we ever read.
In a late speech in England, in his analysis of
Lord Broughams character and career, he
shows an intuitive knowledge of character that
is only equalled by his boldness in saying all
ho did on that occasion against aristocratic
ideas and governments. Train is a grand de-
structive force, to pull down sham, hypocrisy
and pride, to lay bare corruption and injustice,
to stand outside of parties, sects, and classes,
and teach the American people that self-govern-
ment demands individual virtue, education, dig-
nity and independence. The world will be the
belter that George Francis Train haslived, with
all his idiosnycracies, absurdities and exaggera-
tions.
From the Litchfield (Conn.) Enquirer.
We are in receipt of another copy of The Revolu-
tion. We are glad to notice that George Francis Train
has subsided ou t of The Revolution almost as com-
pletely as he has subsided out of public notice. With
every desire to see the cause in which this paper is en-
listed succeed, we do not consider its efforts always well-
judged. We dislike, especially, its endorsement of Con-
gressman Cary, and his repudiation scheme.
If yon will send us an argument showing
Carys fallacies we shall be glad to publish it
The Revolution was started to discuss
every question of national interest. We have
serious doubts as to the wisdom of our present
financial system, as to the claim that a national
debt is a blessing, but we are ready to publish
what can be said on that side of the question.
As to Train, he has neither subsided from The
Revolution or public notice. By referring
to what we have just said to the Wisconsin Ad-
vocate, you will discover that you have had
Train sugar-coated all the time, and by refer-
ring to the London and New York city journals,
you will see that Train is again ou the rampage
in England, nothing daunted by persecution
and imprisonment. In the very jaws of the
British lion, he defends Irish nationality, and
declaims on the wrongs and oppressions of that
suffering people in the face of their tyrants.
All praise to this noble man, even if he does
see fit to write and speak in a different style
from other men. We trust he will be here in
time to speak on the 4th of July, and bring the
democratic conscience up to the sticking point
of universal suffrage for every man and woman.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
Sag Harbob, N. V., May 18th.
Mrs. Elizabeth Cade Stanton : * * * Some
years ago I was quite interested in the subject of Wo-
mans Rights. -Of late my life has been one of unceas-
ing domestic toil, and my health is poor. I am -quite
elated at the idea of a Womans Club. I have read Alice
Careys splendid address as president, and I should
like to take her by the hand. For twenty-two years my
husband has belonged to an Odd Fellows Lodge, a bene-
volent institution, they say, that excluded bad men and
all women. I judge from the editorial in the same mini-
number of the N. 7. Tribune containing Miss. Careys
speech, that that club will wake up the men a little. It is
rather tiresome sitting alone when my husband goes off
to bis Lodge. I sit and think ; and I have firmly re-
solved if the right of franchise is ever awarded me I
will never, vote for a man belonging to a secret society
which excludes woman.
With respect, ***
Yes! these husbands might better sit at
home, and read to their wives, while they mend
their shirts and stockings, and thus enable them
to give wise thoughts to their sons and daugh-
ters, on all the subjects of the day. Let every
woman raise her voice against secret societies,
for they not only undermine the family but the
State and the Church. Humanity shonld be a
bond between man and woman, strong enough
to ensure kindness and protection to all alike.
Washington.
Miss Anthony : As you are proving yourself to be a
good gunner, allow me to point to some sly foxes that
spoils the vines, not only little foxes, bnt some big
ones, hoping that you will take them, when they come
in range. Now, money is a power, and the ballot is a
power, but Revelation is needed to facilitate Revolu-
tion. Thetalkis that our Senators and Representatives
will soon be calling for another increase of salary, for
Mary Hall has raised her prices for entertainment, and
night hackmen have raised theirs from two to three dol-
lars an hour lorcarrying Congressmen and their /ancles
to and from said Marys on 4th street, Wn, D. C.,
while their wives are enjoying ** all the rights they
want in being wife, mother and housekeeper, keeping
a place for their lords to come to recuperate after such
excessive strains upon their mental and physical ener-
gies. Surelyfl" that bill {ought to he so amended as no
to apply to the raising of female clerks wages. The
money should be paid to Congressmen and clerks to sup-
port their fancies in idleness and luxury, while laboring
women must economize to the utmost to eke out their
scanty subsistence. The stronger the vessel the greater
amount of money it needs to stimulate and procure
luxuries; the headship of man is very expensive. Ma-
sonry saved Andy Johnson from being convicted and
deposed from office, but their tool, Mrs. Surratt, could
be hung, and soon two more enormously expensive
mock trials will transpire, to bleed government and aid
the erection of that now Masonic Temple on 9th and F
streets, Washington, D. C. Truly, Masonry, thou art
full of jewels (consistencies).
Jeff. Davis ought not to be acquitted, for he had on
petticoats when he was arrested. John H. Sdrratt only
conspired against the life of our Chief Magistrate, but
Andy has conspired with other traitors against the life
of the nation itself.
I yras out to tea yesterday where a number of ladies
assembled ; of course I took The Revolution along.
I am astonished at the ignorance and apathy where
women ought to he alive and informed upon subjects'
that pertaip so much, to the welfare of mankind. See*
can gather honey, moths live but to destroy.
H. M.
There is only one remedy for all these^viola-
tions of the sacredness of the family relation,
and that is to give woman the power to make
civil and moral codes for the regulation of our
poltical and social life. Only in the education,
virtue and independence of woman can this
terrible tide of corruption be stayed. The fam-
ily, that great conservator of national strength
and morals, how can you cement its ties but in
the purity of both man mid woman.
Hamuonton, N. J., March 22, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
Professing Christians may oppose Universal Suffrage.
The real.Christian, never 1 It is none of our business,
i whether women wish to exercise the elective franchise or
not. Man has neither the legal or moral right to disfran-
chise any one of Gods children, whether white, red, or
black, bond or lree.
Equal rights to all; by that motto I stand or fall.
As ye would that another should do to you, do ye even
so to them.
Gen. Grant is the last President for the United States.
who will he voted for exclusively by man alone.
' The hall of Universal Suffrage is fairly in motion, and
whosoever attempts to stay its onward couree will be
ground to powder.
Yours, for Equal Rights, W. Samson.
Dont be quite so fast. We have our doubls
about Grant being President. The people have
had enough of Chicago Conventions and party
nominations. The working men are awake, and
labor is about to summon purse-proud imbecil-
ity, crafty politicians, and high art swindlers '
before the bar of common sense and justice.
/
Brother and Sister Workers : Having read with
deep interest several copies of The Revolution I
must respondas one with youin heartfelt sympathy
in behalf of a movement of such practical importance
to the thinking and heroic men and women of this age.
The cause of woman, socially and politically consid-
ered, is one among the stirring questions of the day,
whose revolutionary wave of thought and action must
mingle in the mighty current of events, impelled onward
by the forces of progressive liberty, equality and justice,
regardless of the conservative landmarks of old custom,
ignorance, prejudice or despotism.
As the spirit of discernment is more rapidly unfolded
from an intelligent people, through agitation and free
speech, so the needed change must surely come with the
principle of right, through equity or justice, imparting
a higher moral tone to our social and political atmos-
phere.
Conservative, indeed, must he the plane of men or
woman, who cannot see a brighter era, dawning with
womans advancement in education, social and political
equality, when less dependent upon her brother man,
because justly compensated tor physical or mental labor,
when fewer are the helpless, willing victims of seductive
intrigue, to masculine arrogancetoo often found within
the pc verty-stricken bouse of toil, disease and ignorance.
When less of slavery and suffering exists among a large
classthe needle-women, whose poor fingersthe hope


less rivals of the sewing-machineare pushing away
starvation, disgrace or destitution.
Let The Revolution spread, far and widefrom
the Atlantic to the Pacific, the Canadas to the Gulf, the
American to the European continent, with its earnest
plea of sympathy in behalf of the oppressed, its strong
philosophical arguments in behalf of Womens Enfran-
chisement.
Thousands of our sex are demanding redress from
chronic evils and stereotyped wrongs practiced upon
them by the selfish aggrandizement of aristocratic em-
ployers. Thousands are fottered by stern necessity,
great heart agonies, and blasted health, through starva-
tion prices, until no longer able to subsist upon virtuous
toil, with their houor resting upon the point of a cam-
bricjicedle, are driven to accept of any chance that may
offer iu the matrimonial market (congenial or not) to
rush with despair into the fearful avenues of degraded
life, or at last find a suicidal grave.
Never can freedoms eagle bear the American nation to
the mountain heights of triumph, as long as broken
hearts and galling chains, whether of gold, iron, or des-
potism, drag her down, ; never, while injustice walks
abroad into high and lonely places, and the skeleton fin-
gers of our needle women are pointing upward from
their crowded tenant-houses of ill-paid operatives, in
sad and striking contrast with the aristocratic houses of
rich employers.
Let us, then, work nobly with patience, euergy and
perseverance in behalf of suffering humanity, or op-
pressed womanhood, for in the good time coming
she, too, will take her post of honor in the worlds great
struggle in behalf of human rights and universal jus-
tice.
Truly, Aloinda Wilhelm, M.D.
Washington, D. C., April, 1868.
Milwaukee, Wis., Feb. 22d, 1868.
kin. Passer PillsburyDear Sir: I enclose you
fifty cents to get a few numbers of your Revolution.
We have given up this years work of voting for women
having equal legal rights with men in Wisconsin as im-
polilic, because of the Presidential election. I do not
wish to vote for any person for President who is not
fully committed for adults having equal legal rights
practically and theoretically. Grant never lost a battle,
and Hancock was always victorious. The first gave pa-
roles that were equal to pardons, and unites with con-
servatives to sustain a President who gives pardons'
that are equal to the indulgences of the Popes of the
sixteenth century. The last sustains the copperhead
branch of the democracy to re-establish slavery, so that
the free Northmen cannot live in safety in the beau-
tiful sunny South of our Union. I wish to learn
whether there is a practical way yet agreed upon by
which an Equal Eights candidate can be brought into
the field for Presdent of the United Stales, so as to unite
the justice-loving people in a vote to elect our candidate,
or establish a basis for his election when a majority of
the people prefer justice to policy, and plain truth to
deceiving eloquence.
Yours, for justice, h. s. b.
Gordonsville, Smith County, )
Tennessee, May 7 th, 1808. j
Miss Susan B. Anthony : I received, a few days ago,
through the mail, the fourth number of your paper,
The Revolution. As I am a conservative by nature
and education, the name rather startled me at first, espe-
cially when I saw who were the editors. I therefore
commenced its examination sufficiently prejudiced to
be indisposed to like it. But, to my surprise, I found
myself interested at once. I like the paper; mdeed I
do. I do not mean to say that. I agree with everything
in it. So iar from this, I dont know that 1 fully agree
with the main featureUniversal Suffrage without re-
gard to race or color. But I like the spirit of the paper,
i ts point and liberality. It seems to me folly for any
one toprofess to be an abolitionist in regard to negro
slavery. Whatever. propriety there might have been
once for this, there certainly is none now. Negro slavery
s abolished in law and in fact, and there is no power, nor
purpose to restore it. The person who says there is, in
my opinion, is either so much a knave as to deserve to
be declared an enemy to society, or so great a fool as to
be a proper subject for a lunatic asylum. Now, that
negro slavery is dead and buried out of sight, and its
ghost disturbs no honest person, where is the consis-
tency or honesty in making a great ado about a few
negro men voting, while millions of educated, intelli-
gent women are excluded from every political right?
Here, in my State, nearly every decent white man is ex.
eluded.
But I didnt commence to write on such subjects. If
I could afford it, I would subscribe at once. Enclosed
to*
find fifty cents, for which send me the value in your
latest issues, in different numbers.
Very truly, John W. Bowen.
P. S.I want to examine further, and then I may sub-
scribe, and try to induce some others to do so too.
LM1ER FROM ENGLAND.
London, May 11th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
A letter from England will not travel far out of the
record of your prescribed line of work, should it touch
now and then some of the blurs that rise upon the sur-
face of the often vaunted, sober and matured civiliza-
tion of this soli-approving and religious Isle. Without
further preface, then, we will note that the reliable
and verified statistics of our census mongers give the
appalling information: that in this modern Babylon, Lon-
don, there are 80,000 unfortunates, at this time, regularly
plying the trade of prostitution in the public thorough-
fares of this city. Police authority puts the numbers at
a still higher figure.
All effort hitherto made has utterly failed in checking
its growth. The midnight movement, with its coffee
meetings, rant, cant, preaching, and ultimate Magdalen e
homes, raids of magistrates and police, tbe action of sup-
pressive law, the fussiness of parochial bumbledom, and
vestry ejectment, alike fall short of strength to stem the
fecundity of institutions producing this contemned traf-
fic. The suppression of the Vice Society, and the Asso-
ciation enforcing the law for womans protection, the
Marquis Townshend, the Revs. Baptist Noel, Newman
Hall, C. H. Spurgeon, and Dr. Cummiug, Sir Thomas
Henry, Magistrate Knox and Sir Richard Mayne, Chair-
men at the head of their respective vestries, charging
full tilt, with emulative ardor at brothels in the Westend,
mid Hellstews in the east; Chairmen of Quarter Sec-
sions, helping on by charging Juries, Grand and Com-
mon, against the leprous delinquents who have made
the glaring mistake of being caught delicto; all, all
are equally incapable of preventing tbis prolific source
of annoyance to our wives and daughters, as we escort
them to theatre, Exeter Hall, the Abbey, or St. Pauls.
The aim and majesty of the law, the hand and hope of
benevolence,.and tbe succoring heart of compassionate
mercy, all sink in odo stoned craft, in this enl social
sea. Gangrened, demure order, that dares not examine
its babaric code, denying social status to human beings
with immortal souls, blindly blunders over what de-
stroys virtues citadel gate, seeing not that, be the vic-
tim man or woman, the aotion and result is equally de-
basement. Making healthy moral existence appear but
the mad freak of accident or fortune. Too often pro-
ducing the miserable castaway that society shuns, au-
thority taboos and religion dams, which yet still thrives,
lives, aye dies too in our midst. Its average alloted span
from moral death to physical demise being but a con-
densed four years at uight.
A bastard civilzation, pretentiously disowning one-half
its kin, fails to observe the inexorable logic of bause and
effect that throws out this poor waif to baffle all our
pious zeal, floating by us sometimes iu carnages and
silks from St. Johns'Wood, more frequently in rags and
tatters froip Tiger Bay or classic Seven Dials. Nemesis,
justice, presents the prostitute for our contemplation,
making of her a moral Pariah with which she scourges
the Pharisaical virtues ot pater familias, smugly
arming mater (the grown girls following to May
Meetings and Missionary Bazaar), returning home how
proudlyhe reminds bis spouse of Reverend Boanerges
denunciations of living sin. How aptly, too, he said, the
dark places of tbe ea"th were full of the habitations of
oruelty. Outwardly groaning the wickedness of nude
Sandwich Islanders and Abyssinian natives, he in-
wardly smirks at the courtezan he passes, as she openly
flaunts the watch chain before tbe processional daugh-
ters, that latest gift of his Jor favors convenient and
stealthy. Sleekly at home he reads aloud and patronizes
Sir. Cliarles Grandison and Goldsmith. Skeleton is
without introduction there. In court, his aldermanic
obesity, with horror depicted countenance, enquires from
policeman X, the cause of so much open vice iu a land like
ours, so blest with happy dispositions and institutions,
where public chaiity supplies what state neglects, and
where benevolence, the poor-box, and pauper law takes
cognizance of all. Beery X replies, Hes sure he
doant not knaw hurhe can tell his vurship hes seen
hur about ere ever so lung, and she wur alluz so, for its
seventeen times theyve hur,there fort same. '
Sir Tapeince, satisfied, enacts his part, proceeds to lec-
ture the poor girl in the dock bn her depravity, previous
to sentencing the probable leman of himself or son to 21
days for her indecency,
357
Why is there so much vice in our land ? Is it possible
the Aldermanic maw can have gorged the interrogation
and reply so oft that he believes the lie, thanking heaven
he is not as others are? If so, hypocrisy has passed ab-
surdity, and is already upon the confines of sublimity,
It gives us pause to ask if the plummet has ever yet been
cast to guage self-righteous gullibility. The why, oh
immortal Guttle, is plain as way to parish church,
much of it resting here within our easy ken. It is that
out of Londons 200,006 domestic helps (each fifth man-
sion keeping the luxury of servant maid) a trio of years
sends its victim to the streets, the hulks or gallows.
Doubleday and Mayhew rotate the matter. Our crim-
inal records attest the facts. For cause of this wc will
examine deeper Death the skinned surface. What re-
veals the drawn curtain, but tbe exhibition of our
worthy Knight, sworn protector of virtue, foe of vice,
and justice of the peace? In closet, enforcing upon
Charles, our son, the inexpediency and impropriety of
marriage unless combining cash and wife together.
Nothing loth, Charles follows the instruction, and in se-
quence frequents the Oxford, Argyle and Alhambra sa-
loons, tbe latchkey of young hopefuls possession.
Why should Sir Guttle and his lady not enjoy the som-
nolence of the evening, superinduced by daily wine and
gorge? Why should bed await them ? Jane can stay np
for scapegraces return in kitchen ; they are quite con-
vinced he must have staid to dine with some frieud
after the evenings lecture at the Institute. Poor Jane,
ever subject, often abject, fresh from rural retreats
of arcadian bliss, where father earns eight shillings
weekly on which to rear up what Parson says are
twelve pledges of affection, but what to Hodge are just
so many bonds to debased and chronic poverty. Tbis
one like sample of the batch, taught nought but rever-
entially to. admire all ranks and stations, to bless tbe
squire and his relations, is now left to attend the drunken
rakes return from scenes lascivious that leave imagina-
ation quick with seductions fire. Soon all is over, and
Jane grows bold in the rakes familiarity. Satiety with
his illicit love ensues. Accidental exposure, previously
arranged or e^rly conception completes the work. Mater
declares over gossipping tea her fears that Charles was
near betrayed and done for by the husseys wiles, but
to prevent further snaring she has turned Jane out to
purify the home, and so bemoans maternal troubles tbat
none feel like herself. The worthy Alderman, in retro-
spect of bygone triumphs sweet, pokes his civic bro-
thers ribs, facetiously observing, that as of old, boys still
are boys, the young rouge at home has not degenerated,
and so relates our Charless feat, which needs a little
hushing to prevent the scandal, and, after advising wilh
his confrere, decides on sending a subscription to the
institution for recovering lost females, h s brother jus-
tice intimating to its Secretary that friend Guttle would,
if asked by deputation, preside at their next annual
dinner. In honor and good faith to other homes and
families, conscientiously the servants character is with-
held,. and so co^red Jane, disgraced, dare give no refer-
ence. Sequelshe is thrown on London streets, another
item added to the festering turbid mass of pious alder-
manic happy ignorance.
Why doss easy virtue stalk our squares, with Exeter
Hall Bibles at thirty cents, and Testaments at eight cents
each? The rejoinder is, that long ago Mayhew tound
four girls folding, stitching and binding the British
and Foreign Bible Society's holy books under a sweat-
ing system tbat would allow its victim workers to
earn but sixteen cents per day in busiest period. To en-
quiry how lit could bo or was eked out on such a dole,,
the invariable answer cameunwilling prostitution.
When published to the world, outraged piety, alarmed
at the exposure of so inflamed a sore, invoked, convoked
or provoked the usual panacea, and formed what Swift,
the immortal, would have yclept, a damned commit-
tee to investigate, with hope of getting salve potential
enough to glaze over the virulent wound laid bare.
Yain hope, horror of horrors! Bad event before, worse
came behind. After examining the workers and their
familiee, the report declared belief there was not such a
thing as virtue existing in any employed at the work, all
alikebeing tainted. The committee said something must
be done, and did it. Spooner, M.P., its sanctimonious
chairman, moved and obtained a Committee of the House,
which reported for a select committee, with closed doors,
which met, elected a chairman, and will report in the
Greek kalends. Next they formed a deputation to Lon-
dons Lord Bishop for his mature advice. He, son of the
church and father in God, though equal to Easter exhor-
tation and diocesaean visitation, could not or would not
grapple here, but piously and blandly expressed his sor-
row at the revelations, assuring them of his entire sym-
pathy with their object of finding out some remedy for
so gross an evil, but regretted he had not the power to


358

i nto/fcre or render any assistance, not even to tlie extent
of one poor pulpit sermon, to denounce the facts so in*
famous. Quite right, too; why should he stop cheap Gos-
pel Bibles going to tbo heathen, and so staunch up the
wells of missionary charity so fond of being seen abroad.
Why, too, offend tho cars polite of monde and fashion in
St. Pauls Cathedral, with such a talc of woe ? Why should
chaste daughters be offended with unchaste sights in pub-
lic park and promonade? The alderman is quite astonish-
ed and disgusted. Bid net, before him and iho whole
quorum of magistrates, did not police inspectors by the
dozen swear that the licenses he voted for were given to
well-couducted, respectable establishments, patronized
by Englands Hope and Heir Apparent, so fond of imi-
tating mine uncle, George the Regent ? Has not the/
Justice visited there himself incog and liked the spree,
although he went but to acquaint himself with the peo-
ples amusements to the end that he might more effi-
ciently discharge his public trust?
Tbe wonder is, the voracious lie did not choke his vo-
racious maw in gulping. Well he knew the dancing saloon
and tbe music hall so licensed were fetid, breodiug cor-
ruptions, whore every action is allusive to illicitness, the
songs in laud of vice, and each poor joke dependent for
its miserable wit on double entendre.
For once, let us listeu to a Bow street night charge be-
fore Mr. Vaugbn, in February last. One woman de-
tected in, and apprehended for, frequenting brothels at
uuseomly hours, 2 oclock, a.m. Tbe judicial questions
condensed were : Who and what are you, and where
do you reside? Replied to categorically and direct,
thus : Maria Faye, for fiye years widow of Robert'
Faye, has four children now alive, and now resides at
39 Benzil street, works at upholstery for Robinson, in
Oxford street, earns 7s. 6tZ. .per week and pays is. for
rent, was denied relief from Guardians unless she broke
up home and parted from her family to enter the com-
mon workhouse, but could not bear the thoughts of snch
a separation, so went out twice a week, prostituting her-
self, after her children were put to bed, under compul-
sion to procure them bread ; was in service previous to
marriage. Poliee, after investigation, could not deny
ber statements, and the4magistrate, relenting, relieved
her from tbe poor-box, and so discharged her. The case
was supplied to fourteen London newspapers. The
Daily Star and Reynoldss Weekly alone braved the ob-
loquy of reporting it. Let us make end with all these
cauting questions. How dares our self-sufficiency ask
further elucidation as to the causes of our ulcerous cor-
pus vile?
Have we not enough proof of its source, with one fif-
teenth of our domestic servants pitched annually into
this turgid stream of filth ? With our workmens widows,
and our tradeloss, ignorant, ill-paid female labor, form-
ing contributory rills to the like course? The lord-
lings bringing each year their quota of seduced tenant-
farmer and gamekeeper daughters to town, dropping
them at the seasons end, betrayed and sent to swell the
torreuts volume in its downward rush ?
The solution of all this rests but upon one basisthe
declaration of equality between the sexes. Let our
legislators enact a law placing woman in like civic sta-
tion with ber present lord, and growth of self-respect
will cure our vice, and moral health will heal the rest.
Let them emulate our local law, that remnant of Saxon
rule and living conquest, which now accords to women
parochial power and office, as instanced in the return of
Brocton. Staffordshire, just issued, gazetting. Mis-
tresses Anne Baxter and Louisa Fowler elected overseers
of the poor ior their parish this present year. We shall
then have probability of ending oqr national disgrace,
and courage to alter Bums, by singing:
Man and woman, world all oer, shall equal be and a
thatl '*
Thomas Mothebshead.
A WORD TO OUR. SEWING GIRLS.
We only wish that all the femalos who are compelled
to earn their bread and butter by stitching their lives
away at starvation prices could be brought within the
sound 01 our voice to-day. Putnams Magazine furnished
ne with some statistics iu regard to the condition of this
much-abused class, and succeeded in rousing not only a
feeling of indignation, which we had (knowing the imprac-
ticability of all previous movements) endeavored to
smother, but a desire and determination to leave no
means untried whereby we and others through our influ-
ence can either directly or indirectly be of benefit. A great
atdeal has been said, and volumes more can be written of
the heartlesan&ss of employers'. That the majority are a
wicked, grinding set, no one attempts to dispute; but
many of you, we do not say all, because we are well aware
how large a number have helpless parents, and brother s
and sisters dependant upon their exertions, and must
stitch away in order to provide for the numerous waDts
and keep a roof over the dear ones heads, but those who
arc not similarly situated, those who are free to choose
their employment, to you wo wish to whisi>er a word of ad-
vice. You who work all day and sometimes far into the
night in order to gratify a foolish desire for display, who
are discon touted it you may not approach the style of
the wealthy, spending money on fabrics neither service-
able or becoming, who daily and hourly sacrifice health
and modesty to the demands of dame fashion, it is you
we would like to take by the hand and tell a little story.
A few weeks ago, a young woman eighteen years of age,
very sweet and sensible looking, tastefully dressed but
woefully pale, called at a friends house for plain sewing.
Sbe had been employed formerly at a wholesale estab-
lishment in Broadway embroidering, but found it im-
possible to.make enough to pay her board and dress her-
self comfortably. With an ail' of dejection sbe took the
offered seat, answered the questions pleasantly and
fraukly.
You do not appear very well, said my Mend.
Have you a pain in your side?
Not just now, she replied, but I do suffer terribly
sometimes.
Then, why, roy dear girl, do you wish to obtain more
sewing when the employment is evidently killing you ?
Why, because I mast mam ; I have nothing in the
world that I do not work for.
But why not find some other way of earning an
honest living ?
The girls eye brightened.
. If I only could, mam.
It is very easy, my child; now I am in want of a
good chambermaid,the girls countenance fell. I
like your face and will take you on its recommendation.
You can. earn twelve dollars a month, have the best oi
food regularly, a good room, and light, healthful exer-
cise. I am already interested in you and shall be happy
to be yourfriend.
But, mam, sobbed the over-worked woman, how
can l ever put myself on a level with common servant
girls ?
That is where the rub comes every time, and that is
where you are foolish. However, in this instance, the
girl did yield to common sense, found a nice home,
loving friends, and a wall of defence against all tempta-
tion ; and it would be difficult to find a healthier, rosier
looking young woman than she is to-day. The prejudice
you have to places of this description is foolish and un-
warrantable. There are thousands of families who
would be glad of your services, and heartily welcome
you to their altars, only too happy to be able to render
you some permanent relief. On a level with common
servant girls I It is true that everything socially as
well ap chemically seeks its level. If your tastes are
naturally low and grovelling, if you prefer society of the
vulgar and uncultivated to that of the sensible and re-
fined, you will most certainly find the element that best
suits you ; but if you desire to be respected, if you love
truth and value culture, it will uot make the slightest
difference what position you occupy. Said a lady who -
ever since tbe death of her husband has acted in the
capacity of housekeeper:
If I could not find the position I desiredgather
than fret my health away with needle or seeing ma-
chineI would walk straightway into somebodys
kitchen and earn my living that way, because I know
that before many days elapsed I should glide into my
rightful place, know that my character will demand
both love and respect.
She was right. The labor that is the most healthful is
the most respectable, and no one need fear contamina-
tion from domestic pursuits. Until young women do
look at this matter sensibly and practically, the ranks of
those who are rushing to social destruction mid death
will continue to fill. Our merchants who now pay only
starvation prices will continue to do so, and worse than
all, many of them will continue to plot the ruin of every
lonely woman that comes to them for employment, and
so tbe wretched work goes on. Apply to those of your
own sex for protection and the means of support. Be
cooks, chambermaids, do general housework, and if
sewing agrees with you physically, find families who em-
ploy seamstresses by the year. Anything that will give
you homes and keep your feet from straying among the
hedges. ' Eleanob Kibe.
Lightning strikes more women each year than men.
Their attraction is the death of them.
A young lady in Michigan committed suicide last
week, because she had no one to love her.
These two items, which we lake from the same column
of the same paper, would seem to indicate that attiac-
tion is not always the death of women ; though no
doubt it is, when it draws fools to court, deceive and
disappoint them. Pecuniary attraction is the death of
many a woman, for it surrounds her with Such a host of
fortune-hunters that true men arc driven away from her,
and leaves her to become the prey of one of the land-
sharks whose jaws yawn and whose bowels yearn, not
for her, but for her greenbacks ; and who, having won
her confidence and closed his jaws on her, will, if he
can, spew her out pennilces and heart-broken. In this
exception, noted in the second item, however, nothing
to do that was womanly would possibly account
better for the suicide. J. K. H. Willcox.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN'S' LETTERS.
SKETCH OF TRAINS LIFE.
From the N. Y. World.
Dublin, April 25.
America has one-half the brains, three-fourths
the enterj-rise, and seven-eighths of the beauty
of the world. Every clever fellow in Iceland
goes to America. Every clever fellow in Ger-
many goes to America. America is drawing
away the life%lnodof Europe by every steamer.
Honey bees go abroad ; the drones remain at
home. Young Ireland, young Scotland, young
England, young Europe, loot upon America as
their golden land. Civis. Americanvs sum will
be the national cry of one hundred millions of
Americans at the end of this century. N ew York
and its suburbs will have three millions of popu-
lation. So burry up that Sunday World bridge
to Brooklyn. You have done a good thing in
starting the Sunday World. Preach reform, so-
briety, temperance, and the elevation of the
working man. Use the pen to benefit mankind.
TRAIN MAKING AN ATTEMPT UPON HIS LIFE.
Thanks for your suggestion. I will do it, if
they keep me in jail I will agree not to Bon-
nerize, Greeleyize, Beecherize the world. Those,
men- are pumped dry. Everybody is writing
My Recollections or Norwoods, Each
man plays Humility, and writes himself up. I
will play Egotism and write myself down ; Dis-
raeli acts the character of Yivian Grey, and
Dickens reads his own writings. If I find any-
thing good to steal I will plagiarize, but I sel-
dom find any children I like better than my
own. How do you like my title? There is a
good deal in the way you start. Murder in
the Sugar-House, or the Saccharine Assassin,
The Bloody Bologna, or the Green Bandit of
tie Blue Mountain, The Robbers Revenge,
or tbe Broken Jack-knife with a Bloody Blade.
These were among the yellOw-covered purchases
of the days when we went gypsying.
The difficulty is, in taking your life, how to
begin. Addressing the Radical editors of Ame-
rica during the Impeachment Trial, I might,
with my Ben Butler eye on the Managers im-
mortal, commence thus: Iwas bora at the
age of twenty-one without parents, and had it
not been for a kind Providence, mid a few other
friends, I should have been as ignorantas the
common people, or even as you, gentlemen.
The fact is, I am not up to this work ; natu-
rally sensitive, constitutionally diffident, with a
shrinking from the public gaze since my earliest
infancy, I can hardly muster up courage to
write about myself. But you have asked it, and
it may help to use up my dreary life in jail.
I dont know exactly where we came from. I
know that some of my people landed at Hast-
ings with that thieving, drunken crew who are
the fathers of the English nobles. I am nnder
the impression that one of my ancestors was
the second cook of the Mayflower. This much
I can say, seven generations were born and died


under the same old ancestral roof, in Waltham,
Massachusettsthe country mansion of the
Bey. George Pickering, who manumitted his
slaves, and who took to preaching the gospel
for three hundred dollars a year. Had Garri-
son, Phillips, Tilton, Beecher, and Greeley ever
paid anything for the cause, as my people did,
they wouid have had a good case against me.
They talked, my folks acted. They got up a
mutual admiration society to ring themselves
4nto notoriety. My folks threw away a quarter
of a million of slave property for the sake of
humanliberty. My people were all Methodists.
That old ancestral mansion was the headquar-
ters of Methodism for more than half a cen-
tury. The New England Conference used to
meet there. You will see the old farm house,
in the preface of Stevenss "History of Method-
isingStevens of the Zion's Herald, who so many
times has been to the home of my childhood,
and drank from that old oaken bucket that
hangs in the well. My mother was a beautiful
woman. My father was a man of intellect and
education. That accounts, etc.modesty for-
bids. * My name being Train is purely
accidental. A young man of fortune and ele-
gant manners was reputed to be engaged to my
mother. He was going to New Orleans. He
introduced my father with the request that he
would show her all the attention he could dur-
ing his absence. He did so, and, to the aston-
ishment of his Southern friend, mauled her,
which coincidence accounts for my name being
Train, otherwise it would have been Fiske, and
all the stock prices, stock poetry, stock names,
such as Tram oi1,,r Lightning Train, Ex-
press Train, Train off the track, and so
forth, would have been lost to fame, Boston
was my native city. I apologize for it. I was
born in a small front house in High street, now
occupied by twenty-five Irish families. How
soon will the sons of St. Patrick occupy the
mansions of the children of the Pilgrims?
There are 90,000 Irish in and around Boston to-
day. But let me refer to my distinguished
friend, J. G. B., for a point in my early history.
YOUNG AMERICA.
From the New York Herald, 1856.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
We have selected the subject of our present sketch
as a most oreditable representative of the Young Ameri-
ca merchant of that young America which pfiurs its
energies through all the ohanneis of commerce in all
quarters of the globewhich, at home or abroad, upholds
the character of its countrywhich is ready to plant it-
self wherever great achievements await it, whether amid
the firs of the northwest, or on the quays of the sea-
board ; now plowing the Arctic ices or searching for
new points of development under the equator ; now car-
rying our flag and institutions, to erect them on the yel-
low rocks of California: or, as if not finding room
enough within our own boundless domain, aiding to es-
tablish a new port, build a new city, and create a new
commerce on the golden soil of Australia. George
Francis Train was the oldest son of Oliver Train, who,
for many years prior to his deoease, was a successful
merchant in the City of Boston, where Bis son George
was born. In the year 1882 or 1833 Oliver Train re-
moved, with his family, consisting of his wife and three
children, from Boston to the City of New Orleans.
During the first year of his residence at the South, the
yellow fever prevailed in its most aggravated form, and
among its victims the entire family of Oliver Train
was numbered, with the isolated exception of the sub-
ject of this notice. After Mr. Train had buried the
whole of his family but George, and a short time before
his own death, in the hope of saviDg his only remaining
child from a similar fate, he committed him to the care
of a captain of a sailing vessel bound to Boston from the
port of New Orleans, to be restored to the surviving re-
latives of his deceased mother. Thus, at the tender ago
of tour years, bereft of father, mother, brother and sis-
t er, this friendless child in a strange. land commenced
he voyage of life alone. Though too young, perhaps,

to be much influenced in character by the unpropitious
and forlorn circumstances in which bis career began, yet
bis subsequent life, successful in an eminent degree,
and {unmindful of difficulties, which, however formid-
able to others, serve but to stimulate him to conquer
them, seems to give evidence that the severe training of
his childhood had given him strength, hardihood and
resolution.
Arriving in safety at the city of his birth, after a pro-
tracted voyage of many weeks, he was committed to the
care of his grandmother on the maternal side, who then
resided and still resides at Waltham, Massachusetts, and
by whom be was reared with tenderness and a watchful-
ness that could only be looked for from the mother that
gave him birth. This venerable womaD, who still sur-
vives to witness the success of her protege, gave bim
tiie advantages of all the education which at that day was
to be acqxiired in a New England town.
MY CHILDHOOD IN NEW ORLEANS.
Later on I will quote again from Bennetts
sketch. Let me now dive down into the cradle
of my memory for some of the reminiscences of
my isolated childhood. I have dim recollec-
tions of a great West India grocery store, in a
great street, in a great city of stores, near the
banks of a great river, where, with short frock
and little slippers, I used to cut about the
counters among the oranges and figsnow in
the currant barrel, now among the raisins, a
little monarch of all I surveyed. But I was too
young to foster much in the tablets of my brain.
I cannot remember my parentsbut a little
playfellow, a little schoolmate ; he had a nurse
who was tender as well, A little girl with
fiaxen curls, my darling little sister Ellen, has
never left my memory. I have a little daughter
now who takes her -place, and when she puts
her arms about my neck, with her school-girl
voice of Darling Papa it carries me away
back to those yellow-fever days, away into the
past when my little fairy sister was my com-
panion, whom I loved to tease and loved to
praise. Dont do so, dear Georgie, still
rings in my manhood recollection.
THE YELLOW FEVER TN NEW ORLEANS.
Oh, those terrible days. Bring out your
dead. How the black carriages were continu-
ally passing the door. Bring out your dead!
No coffins for the poorall thrown into a cart
together to go to the potters field. Bring
out your dead! Do you remember the thrill-
ing picture that Bulwer paints in Florence, in
Rienzi, the last of the Tribunes, where the
plague was depopulating the fair Theban city ?
Such was New Orleans in the days of my
childhood. Those words I was too young to
understand. Bring out your dead, record
the history of the yellow fever that swept
away half that city a generation ago, leaving
all my family in the graveyard there. It is a
sad story. Mother, father, sister ; three, all
gone ; all in six months. An entire family
swept off with that terrible malady. I remem-
ber little, but this much I can never forget,
that little sister Ellen was to be buried. There
were already four vacant chairs at the family
table. My mother, our 'teacher, and two dear
sisters had answered to the cry, Bring out
your dead. I did not understand it, but when
my little sister was packed away in that queer-
shaped box, my little heart was breaking, and
tears are in my eyes now while I write these
words. Papa and myself are the only mourn-
ers. All our friends were dead. They all re-
sponded to that dreadful, mournful cry, Bring
out your dead. We went alone to the grave-
yard. The little coffin was in the carriage in
which we rode. Splashsplashthe water
was even with the axletree, The graveyard
359
was a lake. We came to a tomb, and my little
sister was left aloneall alone. No, the mother
and two other sisters had gone before. Four
deaths in one family in four months.
THE DESOLATION OF THE GREAT REBELLION.
But what of that? Almost every Southern
family during our dreadful civil war has as
many vacant chairs at the family table. Ought
we not, as Americans, to say, hold, enough!
Have we no manhood left ? Must we still keep
our teeth in the dead body of the South?
Is it manly to strike a man when he is down ?
Is it not more noble to forgive and fergefc?
Where are our Christian teachings ? Why ig-
nore all the lessons of the Saviour ? Does Tlia-
deus Stevens represent the ideaMalice for
none, charity for all? Must the sins of the
faihers be fastened on the children even to the
third generation ? Has the Christian teachings
of the New England pulpit nothing grander in
its results but to exult over and insult a fallen
foe?
MY DEPARTURE FROM NEW ORLEANS.
Good bye, darling Papa, and we walked down
the quay- on board a shipand then across a
plank to another ship, and once again over one
more ship till we came to the vessel that was
to hear me away from all my family. Good bye,
darling Papaand away we went. No relation,
no friend, no companion, no acquaintanceall
aloneall strangers. A little brig launched on
the ocean of life, at four years of age. Leaving
all my family in a cold and watery grave-yard
on the hanks of a .great river that will always
sing its everlasting requiem over the tomb of
my darling little sistermy hope and my pride
away down thereby the sounding sea. Inher
home there alone by the sea, not all the angels in
Heaven above nor all the demons in Hell below
can ever dissever my soul from the soul of that
beautiful, flaxen-haired little playmate in that
dreary tomb down there by the sea.
Good bye, darling papa. My grandmother
had written for me, Do send my child before
they all go. Send me Georgie, and my father
was left alone. The tears are rolling down my
cheeks again. My wild life ; my strange, excit-
ing life; my never ceasing bustle yith all the
world over since that good bye, my darling
boy, has not crushed out all the noble senti-
ments. The chords are touched. I have writ-
ten now. past the midnight hour in my gloomy,
low-roofed room, written myself into a fever al-
most, and the tears can do no harm. It is good
for man to weep. Itshows thatman still retains
some of the sacred firethe divine light of lov-
ing and being loved. But I must wipe away
the tears, for I am about to commence the bat-
tle of life all alone. Good bye, again, my darling
little playmate.
Shed Dotfor her the bitter tear,
Nor give the heart to vain regret;
Tis but tbe casket that lieshere
The gem that filled itsparkles yet..
The ship is away. My father stands gazing
at me dreamily. He kisses his hands ; he
waves his handkerchief, and all was dark in the
distance. A few short weeks, and he joined
my mother and his children in that gloomy lake
Bring out your dead! I never saw him more
I never heard when he died, or where he was
buried. No trace was ever found. I was now
in reality alone ; a little orphan boy of four.
A girl, only eight and a half years old, was
arrested in Jersey City, last week, for stealing
thirty dollars.


360

Chf lUulitiii.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, / ^rtitois.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW. YORK, JUNE 11, 1868.
THE AMAZONS.
Woman in some form must always be to man
a monster. The legislation of Moses relating to
them, at least a part of it, would be tolerated no-
where, printed nowhere but in the Bible. The
Law of Jealousy is one instance. Mahomet
declared honest women obedient; careful in the
absence of their husbands; and preserved by
God, by being committed to the care and pro-
tection of men. But he enjoined, those
women whose perverseness ye shall be appre-
hensive of, rebuke; remove them into separate
apartments and chastize them. And he provides
in the Koran a separate Paradise for woman;
but he does not people it with beautiful men for
their enjoyment, as he does his man Paradise
with beautiful women, created not of clay, as
mortal women are, but of pure musk. Pagan-
ism of course fixes the destiny of woman every-
where, in all time ; and always under the leet,
literally, morally and every way, of the stronger
sex.
In civilized and christianized countries there
have always been more witches than wizzards,
owing, as is believed in allwitchdom, to wo-
mans greater depravity and natural tendency to
diabolism. The ancient tales of the Amazons,
or tribes of women living by themselves, have
long been rejected as old wives fables. The
histories of their wars with the Greeks and Scy-
thians, though given by Herodotus himself with
wondrous particularity, aud confirmed by other
ancient writers, are scarcely considered worthy
of- refutation. But a modern reason has been
assigned for the existence of such communities,
which must modify greatly the disbelief in re-
gard to them, if it do not dispel it altogether.
It is not generally known that the amazon
river (once theMaranon), the largest river in the
world, was named by Orellana, a Spanish naviga-
tor, who saw, or fancied he saw, an army of this fa-
mous class of women on its hanks. And so num-
erous became the witnesses to this story aud so
respectable too as to extort a belief that what-
ever might have been true of the Amazons of
Caucasus, theAudes of South America had sure-
ly beheld them, aud their deeds of valor in war.
The reasons for their unnatural existence were
not sought for until it became nearly certain there
had been such; of course would not he very dili-
gently sought for by those who doubted of them
altogether.
In a history of the Conquest of Peru, publish.
edin 1555, was a map designating that part of
the country inhabited by these people. It was
the part of Peru east of the Andes. Such was
the interest awakened about this period in re-
gard to them, that many eminent navigators and
adventurers went in pursuit or search of them
and their country,, which was reported to
be abundant in gold, and stones more precious
than diamonds. One of the explorers was Ri-
bero, whose search was worthy a better sucess
than he seems to have achieved. Attended by
some natives to transport his baggage he set out
from Puerto on the La Plata with bis eighty
men and after eight days travelling, sometimes
through water a yard deep, came to the Siberis,
who'warned them not to advance farther with
such a force. He however proceeded still
through floods aud other difficulties a month
longer. Then he found some Indians of whom
he renewed his inquiries respecting the Ama-
zons. Ribero solemnly affirmed that the intelli-
gence they gave him was mostly spontaneous and
not simple answers to queries. They told him
of a nation of women, governed by a woman, and
so numerous and warlike that they were dreaded
by all their neighbors. That they possessed
both white and yellow metal, their chains and
all their utensils being made of them. They lived
on the western side ct a large lake which they
called the Mansion of the sun. The Cacique
gave Riberfco four large bracelets aud four golden
frontlets which were only worn as marks of dis-
tinction and received valuable presents in return.
But the Spaniards, learning that it would he im-
possible to subsist if they proceeded farther gave
up farther pursuit.
In 1595 Sir Walter Raleigh made his cele-.
brated expedition up the Orinoco. He made
most careful inquiry concerning the'Amazons,
and learned that their country was on the south
side of a great river, and about sixty leagues
from its mouth. They permitted the visits of
some friendly tribes of men as he also learned,
once in each year, always in the month of
April. The kings assembled and the Amazo-
nian queens and first cast lots for their valen-
tines. The whole month was spent in feasting,
dancing and gay entertainments, at the end of
which all departed to their homes. Children
bom from these alliances, if males, were sent
to their fathers, if lemales were brought up by
their mothers. But that they cut oft the right
breast, as tradition has it, the better to draw the
bow, Sir Walter said he did not find to be
true. When they took prisoners in war, they
sometimes took the noblest of them to their
beds, hut always killed them afterwards; for
they were said to be very blood-thirsty towards
any who invaded their territories. Sir Walter
declared he obtained his information from a
cacique who had himself been on the Amazon
and spoke not from the report of others, but
from his own personal knowledge. A century
later another voyager, De Acuna, made the
descent of the Amazon. His narative has never
been questioned ; and he confirms in the most
absolate manner, it is said, all the best pre-
vious accounts. The proofs, he says, are so
strong and convincing that there is a province
of the Amazons on this river, that to doubt them
would be to renounce all moral certainty.
In 1743 an exploring party descended the
river, of which was La Condamine, an eminent
mathematician and astronomer, whose whole
object was scientific research, and who therefore
would not likely be deceived by any undue en-
thusiasm. He says, we inquired everywhere
of Indians of different nations, and took pains
to inform ourselves if they had knowledge of
those warlike women whom Orellana [the dis-
coverer of the river, in 1540] affirms he had
met and even fought with ; and if it was true
that they lived separate from men and received
them once a year as De Acuna relates. . All
said that they had thus heard of their fathers,
adding a thousand particulars too long to re-
peat ; which all tended to confirm that there
had been on this continent a republic of wo-
men who lived alone without having men
among them, and that they retired to the north
in the interior of the country by one of the
rivers that descend into the Amazon.
The account of La Condamine is full of
interest, but cannot be further pursued in this
article. Among other credible accounts on
this subject, is that of Gili, employed as a
Missionary for several years on the Orinoco.
We cannot add his testimony for want of space
but the Baron Humboldt ascribed to it very
great weight. What most excited the attention of
the Baron towards these mysterious people, was'
their possession of the sacred stones, known by*
the name of the Amazon stones, because the
natives hold that they came from the country
of the women without husbands. He writes,
we foundin the possession of the Indians on
the Rio Negro some of these stones. The
history of the jade, or green stones is in-
timately connected with that of the warlike wo-
men whom travellers of the sixteenth century
named the Amazons of the New World. .
This is tiie place for me to express myself with
frankness on a tradition which has so romantic
an appearance. And I am farther induced to
do this by M. De La Condamine's assertion
that the Amazons of the river Cayame crossed
the Maranon (Amazon) to establish themselves
on the Rio Negro. Not knowing anything of
the languages spoken on the Orinoco or Rio
Negro, I could learn nothing certain of the
popular tradition* of the women without hus-
bands and of the origin of "the green stones
which are believed to be intimately connected,
with them. I shall, however, recite a testimony
of someweight, thatofFather Gili. . On that,
testimony Humboldt continues, what must
we conclude from the narrative of that ancient
missionary ? Not that there were Amazons on
the Cuchivara, hut that women in different
parts of America, [wearied with the state of slavery
in which they were held by the men, united them-
selves like the fugitive negroes in palanque;
that the desire of preserving their independence
rendered them warriors ; and that they received
visits from a neighboring and friendly tribe,
perhaps a little less methodically than the
tradition relates.
Holding such a theory, Humboldt could
easily accept the substan tial facts of the exist-
ence of such communities. Other writers have
undertaken to account for them. For example,
Southey observes in his Travels, the existence
of such tribes would be honorable to our
species, as they must originate in resistance to
oppression. The lot of women is usually
hard among the savages. The females of a
nation may have perpetrated what the Dauaides
are said to have done before them, but from a
stronger provocation; and if, as is not unfre-
quent, they had been accustomed to accom-
pany their husbands to battle, there is nothing
improbable in supposing they established
themselves as an independent race ; securing
by such a system that freedom for their daugh-
ters which they obtained for themselves. Con-
damine also held the same view, even more
strongly expressed. On the actual existence .
of Amazons, Southey remarks, the testimony
of Orellana might be doubted, bfet there is not
the least reason to doubt the veracity of Do
Acuna.
It has been asked why these woman warriors
were never subdued. The only answer that
has come to our knowledge lies over in the
realm of religious superstition, namely, in the
possession of the sacred green stones. Hum-
boldt speaks of them as undescribed and their
origin unknown ; were worn not for ornament,
though of incalculable value, but as amulets,
preserving from various diseases and the poi-


361
%\u §Utf0luti0tt<
son of venomous serpents. And he further in-
timates that if their origin were known it would
be no less a mystery how they could have been
wrought into so many fanciful and difficult
shapes. Condamine declares they are so hard
as to resist the file, and we cannot now con-
ceive how those early and rude nations were
able to cut them. Humboldt again says, the
Indians living in those countries fancy they
must have been. originally the mud of the
river, wrought or moulded, and hardened to
such intense degree, afterwards. His own
view is, that they were brought from Mexico,
have an Aztec origin, to whom the modern
Mexicans acknowledge themselves indebted
for their knowledge of the arts, and also im-
portant religious significance. Mr. Prescott,
in his Conquest of Mexico, tells of four precious
stones resembling emeralds, sent by Monte-
zuma as presents to Cortez, each oi which the
envoys assured the Spaniards, was worth more
than a load of gold!
These green stones were in possession of the
Amazons, and in those days of dark and dreary
superstition might have been against their
enemies, like the ark of the covenant to the
tribes of Israel, or the sacred Palladium to the
defence of Troy.
"But it was to the causes why the Amazons
were supposed to have thus exiled themselves,
that we designed more particularly to direct
the attention of our readers. Until some
reasons were given, the world no more believed
in the existence of such communities on the
river of their name than on the Euxine sea
four thousand years ago. Where the race
are separated into petty tribes, such associa-
tions are at least possible. Southey, Humboldt,
and others, admit that the cruelties of men in
savage countries make them probable. As we
have intimated and might have fully shown,
the legislation of Moses and Mahomet towards
woman, is not many removes from the most
savage society known. And a wiser than Ma-
homet or Moses declared oppression maketh
a wise man mad. What wonder, then, that it
has driven woman to desperation ? To all
possible intent, we have myriads of Amazons
in our present civlization and religion, want-
ing more than any other element, its Chastity.
Before men taunt the women with masculine
qualities, strong-mindedness, Amazon-
ism, let them look well to their legislations,
their customs, habits, their whole estimate of
woman as an element in society, and cease
to wonder that where circumstances made it
possible they fled like fugitive slaves on under
ground railroads, to desperate remedies indeed,
but from desperate ills. k p. p.
GOING OVER TO THE COPPERHEADS.
As we have received several letters from radi-
cal friends, warning us that we are going over
to the copperheads, for their comfort and in-
struction we will state some part of our politi-
cal creed.
1. We believe that suffrage is a natural right
that belongs to every man and woman of sound
mind, without any qualification of property,
education, or sex, and moreover, that no recon-
struction is worthy the name that does not se-
cure this right to the humblest citizen under
government.
2. We believe that both the spirit and the
word of the Federal Constitution and the De-
claration of Independence give^ Cpngress the
right to secure a republican form of govern-
ment in- every State' in the Union, and if they
had done their duty at the end of the war and
proclaimed universal suffrage and universal am-
nesty, North and South, the republican party
would not have been floundering about in the
fogs and mists of statesmanship to*day, without
one inspiring party cry, or one grand motto in-
scribed upon their banners, to carry them
through the coming Presidential campaign.
.3. We believe that behind the rights of the
Federal government and the rights of the sev-
eral states are fundamental rights more sacred
than either, namely the rights of the inclivi-
dual to life, liberty, and happiness ; that out of
these rights all just governments flow, and
whatever hinders the growth of the individual,
restricts his liberty, and destroys his happiness,
is tyranny, and it is his sacred duty to resist it
to the death, as it is that of the state to resist
the Federal government, in order to secure larger
liberty for its whole people. Rebellion in de-
fence of justice, mercy and the higher law is
always in order. Inasmuch as the rights of the
individual are above all constitutions, customs,
creeds, and codes, it is the duty of the general
government to protect these rights against all
intermediate authorities.
4. While we have always demanded emanci-
pation and enfranchisement for the African
race, we have no great enthusiasm for negro
suffrage as a party cry, because it is too nar-
row and partial for the hour. In 56, republi-
cans asked aid and comfort of abolitionists, be-
cause they were opposed to the extension of
slavery, but the abolitionists, who demanded
immediate emancipation, scouted the propo-
sition ; non-extension, said they, is by no means
grappling with the principle; shutting up
slavery where it is, is a step m the right di-
rection, and will eventually strangle the whole
system, but to educate the people into an idea
we need the enthusiasm of a principle. When
we say slavery is a sin, and therefore de-
mand immediate emancipation, we end the
evil and its extension in the same breath. So
we_say, to-day, to the abolitionists and republi-
cans, we cannot accept your platform, because
it is not based on the idea that suffrage is a na-
tural right, we admit that negro suffrage is
a step in the right direction, but to educate the
people to this partial demand even, we need
the enthusiasm of a principle, which you-do
not proclaim, so long as you ask simply the
extension of suffrage to two million -men, in-
stead of its universal application to every citi-
zen of the republic. As the greater includes
the less, when we say, universal enfranchise-
ment we claim all that the most radical aboli-
tionists mid republicans claim and much more.
Now, if the copperheads axe educated up to this
point, we are happy to give them the right
hand of fellowship, and shall hope to be one ot
the delegates to the Tammany Hall Convention.
We have read their platform, as set forth in
four mortal columns of the Woi'ld, and really
do not see much to choose between it and the
Chicago platform. In fact, with the two demo-
cratic candidates, Gen. Grant and Chief-Justice
Chase, mid their twin platforms, stump orators
will have a hard task to prove why the people
should prefer one candidate or party to the other.
While these champions settle the question, Who
shall sit in the White House ? let philosophers,
philanthropists, working men, negroes, and
women, waste no thought or strength in that
direction, remembering that it is not of slight-
est consequence which party succeeds, for, until
the people a?e educated into a knowledge of
their rights, the importance of public measures
and the legitimate duties of government, we
shall have the same bribery and corruption,
among our rulers, the same oppression and taxa-
tion of the people, the same wholesale wasting of
the public funds in every department of govern
ment. Until we get something better than
either propose, it is a work of supererogation for
the women of the nation to throw bouquets or
wave pocket-handkerchiefs, for workingmen to
wear out their shoes walking in torchlight pro-
cessions, with banners bearing mottoes that
mean nothing, for philanthropists to try to re-
press vice that politicians, manufacture faster
than they can cure it, or for philosophers to look
for the golden age, until the masses are com-
fortably fed, clothed, and housed, secure in
their rights to life, liberty and happiness. The
aristocratic principlethe government of the
many by the fewhas been tried six thousand
years in every latitude and longtitude, and
under every imaginable form, and the nations
based on this principle have all alike perished.
We have proclaimed the true democratic idea
on this continent, but never lived it. Now the
work of this generation is to realize what the
fathers declared ,a government of equality. The
ballot is the symbol of this idea, and it is not
too much to demand to-day that it be placed in
the hand of every citizen. It is not too much to
ask that this idea, baptized in the blood of two
revolutions, be now made the corner-stooe of
the republic, the test of loyalty to the Union,
to justice, to humanity.
We trust there is enough virtue iu the Ameri-
can people, to organize a new national party ou
this broad idea, and elect an honest, liberal-
minded, sober President in the coming election.
e. o. s.
THE REVOLUTION TOO DEMOCRATIC.
You are getting coppery, said a sturdy but
intelligent New Englander the other day, when
asked to subscribe for The Revolution.
You are getting to be a real copperhead, he
said; andI do not like you at all. Only
copper-bottomed, we answered, the better to
secure our timbers, but the head is right, and
the heart all right. But I am told you have
gone over to the democrats. But how long
have the democrats been in favor of colored
suffrage? we asked. No time at all, said
he, though they are taking to it now, but it
is only to save their party. And why, we
demanded again, do you republicans reject
colored suffrage, if not for the same reason; to
save your party? Of course there could be
but one answer. And how long, we con-
tinued, have the democrats favored womans
right of suffrage? O, said he, that, too,
is a new thing with them.. But, said we,
The Revolution has always favored and
advocated equal suffrage for all men, black and
white, and all women. And now, if the demo-
crats are coming on to the same ground, do
they come to TheRevolution, or does The
Revolution go to them ? There is a change,
but is it in us, or them ? He saw the point.
And again, we asked, if the republicans reject
these liberal ideas only to save their party, and
the democrats espouse them in hope of win-
ning success, why should they not, if they dare,
attach themselves to The Revolution
Train ? And why should not we permit them ?
And, we added, we hope the republicans may
yet see that all their disaster on the battle-field,
at the ballot-box, on impeachment, and in the
i


362
gUvtfhtUfltt.
Roneral failure to reconstruct the government,
or to do the country any essential service, is the
legitimate result of a policy as blind as it is
cruel and unjust. Aud should the democrats
succeed, even though acting from a sordid and
selfish motive, they can be no worse than you
republicans who, for the sake of succeeding in
an election, show yourselves willing to sacrifice
every colored man, and throw all the women
ol the nation into the bargain.
, We had time for no more, and our old friend
admitted there was weight in our argument;
but he dreaded all possible evils if the demo-
crats should again come into power. We as-
sured him there must be more danger if a party
succeeded, through injustice and cruelty, than
through the-opposite principles, both parties
being alike unprincipled at the outset, which he
seemed ready to admit. And he saw, also, that
the democrats might he gravitating towards
The Revolution, but that there was no
shadow of turning in The Revolution
towards them, or out of its regular and ap-
pointed orbit* p. p.
A Female Sailor.A rather romantic incident has
occurred on board the Flying Venus, now in. the harbor
ol Bombay. The captain shipped a young fellow at Liv-
erpool, under the name of Thomas Brown, as a seaman,
and after serving a considerable time on board the ship,
it was only yesterday discovered that he was a woman.
She stated that she left her borne at Aberdeen at fourteen
years of age, through the ill treatment ol a stepmother,
and having procured boys clothing, wenttosea. She
contrived to preserve the secret of her sex for five years,
and performed the duty of, a seaman remarkably well,
taking her turn at the wheel, going aloft to furl royals,
aud was quite an edept in the nicer details of the profes-
sion. The captain (Mr. Lijter), on becoming acquainted
with the fact. of his having a woman on board, was per-
force compelled to part with her, and accordingly be
took her to the acting magistrate, on December 13, at the
Fort Police Court, to ask his advice. At the suggestion
of his worship, with the kind consent of Mr. Bickers,
the olty missionary, she was handed over to that gentle-
man, who offered to look alter her until she could he
provided with a passage home, or some employment
suited to her sex should.bo obtained. The captain
seemed rather loth to part with 1$e daughter of Neptune.
Ho gave her an excellent character, and said she was of
a quiet, retiring disposition, and at. the s-uno time was
one of the smartest hands in the ship. The poor girl
was very much chagrined at the discovery of her sex,
and seemed very much abashed uhou questioned as to
her past history. It is proposed to get up a subscription
for her. It is not proposed to make a heroine of the
young woman, but, overlooking the peculiar eccentricity
which has brought her before the public, it is undeniable
that she has exhibited great pluck, spirit, endurance,
independence, self-denial and self-restraint for a long pe-
riod of time, under very trying circumstances. On this
account, and seeing that she is far from home and from
friends, it is proposed to find her a moderate wardrobe,
and such a purse ns will give her a chance of a new ca-
reer in honor, having regard to her capabilities and
station in life.Bombay (India) Times, Dec. 28. *
This fact shows two things : 1st. That it is
easier to earn a living in the employments of
men than women. 2d. That womans' dress is
a constant bonier in the way of her advance-
ment. This incident shows that young girls
have the same fancies boys have for seeing the
world, and the same skill in the profession of
sailor. Inasmuch as Thomas Brown dis-
charged all her duties and was highly exem-
plary in her walk and conversation, it seems to
ns her career was more honorable than it would
have been as maid of all work in the house of a
cross stepmother, or running a sewing machine
in a Bombay garret.
Seeing that the girl led a virtuous life, was a
skillful sailor, and had kept her secret five
years, it would have been more honorable and
humane in Mr. Sitter to have retained her in
)iis employ, and helped her to keep her secret
by promoting her in the service. We wonder
if these gentlemen, so desirous to protect young
Brown from the danger of male attire,
thought of the greater danger of turning a young
girl out of an employment in which she was
skilled, where she could secure virtue and inde-
pendence to learn a new trade and make her
way in the world penniless, friendless and
alone. Ten to one their officiousness drove her
to prostitution. So much for mans protecting
care. He not only prescribes womans sphere
but how she shall dress in that sphere. How
one of the rights we claim for women is to wear
a bifurcated garment and be sailors and soldiers
and whatever they choose.
Woman Suffrage.The following are the resolutions
which were discussed at the White Womans Franchise
Meeting, at the City Hall, Washington D. C., the use of
which was granted to the ladies interested in (he move-
ment for obtaining the elective franchise for women :
Resolvod, That to deny to white women the right
of suffrage is most positively and practically to assert
that white wonfeu are inferior to black men.
Resolved, That the District of Columbia, small and
compact, having but one controlling legislative author-
ity, is most suitable for the experiment of doing tardy
justice to woman.
The leaven iswQrking. Intelligent, cultivated
white women are beginning to wake up to the
fact of their political degradation. We under-
stand that the authoress, Mrs. SoutHworth, is
among the leaders of this white womans move-
ment in the District of Columbia. As the gov-
ernment of the District is now under revision,
let the women pom' in their petitions from all
parts of the country, and demand that the first
experiment of universal suffrage be tried under
the shadow of the National Capitol. Send in
the petitions.
WASHING10N LETTER.
Washington, D. C., June 4,1868.
Dear Revolution : Our city election has
passed, a Republican Mayor is elected, and
two murders committed!
We hear it rumored that the war of races
has commenced, that the danger foretold by
the old masters-of allowing the black race to
enjoy the right's of citzensis now being real-
ized !
Two peaceable white men, known and re-
spected in this community, having drank too
freely, grossly insulted two American citizens
because they were black, and were rejoicing in
the election of their candidateknown to favor
equal rights for alland these peace-loving citi-
zens, patient under attacks of the same charac-
ter for a hundred years, determined to bear
these insults no longer, and executed summary
justice! '
A great sensation is produced, and this is en-
couraging. *No doubt, the public and the press
will cry out. This is also encouraging. To be
silent or indifferent when outrage and murder
stalk our streets at midnight is tantamount to a
hearty consent. Culpable, though not indict-
able.
By the force of law, the black man in this
District now exercises the right of suffrage.
Here slavery is overthrown. But it will require
years of moral law to overthrow the habit of
the white man of this country to set his heel
upon the negro. The spirit of manhood, de-
veloped only by possessing the rights of man,
must do that.
Those who claim the inferiority of that race
admit they are good imitatoi'S, and if they
should find the tradition of the revolutionary
fathers, who, having received their freedom
through struggle and bloodshed, became seif-
consciousthey may assume their mantle, and
command the respect due American citizens.
We do not believe in retaliation and murder,
and we do believe in self-control and self-gov-
govemment a& the highest of human attain-
ments ; but having looked behind the scenes
in this election, and discovered what political
trickery, fraud, bribery, cheating and lying have
done to defeat the loyal cause in this District,
and how the enemies of free government have
begged, like hungry dogs, to be let up, that
they might kill the niggers, we think we have
seen the point where, if ever, forbearance
ceaseth to he a virtue in the situation of the
black Union soldier at this time.
If we had ever inclined to qualify svffrage by
property or education, this exhibit on the part
of the ignorant and oppressed classes, newly
enfranchised, who could neither be driven,
frightened, nor bought upwould have thor-
rougbly disarmed us.
These voters were organized on two ideas
schools and compensating labor. Every man of
them believes in these two safeguards of free-
dom. Their candidate believes in the same doc-
trine, and his wife and wifes sisters are of the
same faith. Success to his administration, and
to suffrage to the women of the District also.
Observer.
FINANCE AND FALSEHOOD.
Washington City, May 23, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
Let me again express my pleasure at the correct tone
and spirit of your articles in tne Financial Department,
and request you to keep the truth before the people.
The Revolution is on the right track. Go ahead.
The Augean stable must be cleaned. It can only be
done by the removal of the lawyer-tribe and their fellow-
rowdies and whiskey bibbers, who have so long ruled,
and who, through the unobserved encroachments natural
to all power ^nd authority, are gradually sapping the
foundations of our liberties, by reducing us, through our
pockets, to the condition of slaves.
But it is not enough to demand, as your financial
writer does, economy in the government. That
wont change tike encroaching action of a feudally organ-
ized system. We have the monarchical forms and habits;
but with the names alone changed. We just as much
worship the presidential nameand offices and
dignity the clothes in factas our cousins across
the ocean do the dignity and its trappings of mon-
archy. It is only another form of idolatry, leading us to
ruin through the same official ruts.
What does a nation require? Why, merely (hat its
business should be done, its accounts audited and
settled. A cqi tain number of citizens are required for
that purpose; Must, then, to carry out that common
work of casting up accounts and writing and signing
letters, a system of official aristocracy be established?
High offices were created in all feudal times as sinecures
for aristocrats, who would not condescend to work. Do
we n eed masters to govern us ?
We profess to know how to govern ourselves, why
dont we do so? Is a clerk in office independent ? Is he
free ? Is a merchant or bankers clerk free ? Is any man
in short, who receives a salary, free from the whims and
passions of his employers? No. Then why not? Be-
cause the law does not yet recognize any poor mans
right to his labor. It only pretends to, The tyranny of
business relations extending itself into office, carries with
it the poison of beggary by the practical absorption by
those who are rich or in power, of the greater part of the
brain work, or manual work of the persons employed,
every man being reduced to a condition of sy cophancy
or slavery by the menace to starve his wife and children,
should he not cringe in act and opinion to the caprices
of others ?
Hence we have a government which, instead of doing
the national work, occupies itself with governing or
ruling, or enslaving or training to slavery. The lawyers
doing the old work of legalizing wrong by the old methods
of frauds, precedents and forgery.
Ever since our separation from England this work has


r
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363
been going on. The one-man power quickening the
transformation by its own natural greed or lust of power,
and it is only now thwarted a little, because it does not
happen to be- of the same party as the Legislative
Brauch t
Now let me ask you : What use is there of aristocratic
officials at enormous salaries, beyond receiving ladies
visits, chatting with male friends and signing a few
papers 1 You want economy and work 1 Why not, then,
place all the officials at the same salary, paying the man
who'signs letters, if anything, less than the clerk who
does the Intellectual work?
#
Men who want to speculate should remain in the com-
mercial and financial world, and not curse their country
by making a gambling house, of their government*
There is room enoiigh outside to make fortunes for
schemers. But. for goodness sake, leave national busi-
ness to its own natural simplicity, and pay such equally
reasonable yet living salaries as may ensure honest men
to undertake the labor. Establish rules for the general
direction. Try clerks by their peers, and punish negli-
gence by juries. Where two cannot agree, change them,
and do not despotically dismiss and ruin them.
When, the writer was in office, a clique of drunkards
and idlers ruled and distributed all the promotions, all
the higher officers yielding to tbeir combined menaces >
Pretty state of things! Charming government! Low
salary and honesty go together. Why should, high
salaries and sinecure places be made for M. Cs ?
There are hundreds of thousands xof intelligent
citizens who could fill every place from. President-
down with honor to themselves and profit to the nation
for $1,500 a year each. If we would perpetuate repub-
lican institutions and put down official swindling and
mockery of law, we must go back to true democratic
p rinciples, o.
SOBER, VIRTUOUS MEN FOR OFFICES
OF TROST.
Editors of the Revolution:
It would not be at all strange should you find a much
larger contract on band than you anticipated at the com-
mencement of your Revolution. But if you carry
along with you the well-grounded conviction that God
and the Right are on your side, there is no reason why
you should falter.
My first impression on seeing The Revolution
was that the name was unfortunate. I felt that Female
Suffrage was fairly out on the tide of popular favor, and
with the swell of that tide must sweep all before it.
Onward, rather than Revolution, would have expressed
my idea. But seeing that you get down so thoroughly
to the underground, beneath the underpining, and take
hold on the roots of things, I conceive the appropriate-
ness of the term, and your right to use it, as well as
your wisdom and candor in doing so.
My hope, and most earnest prayer, is that the entire
factotum of the enterprise may live and prosper,, till they
shall say with satisfaction beaming from their souls
through every outlet, It is accomplished.
In cherishing this hope, I am aware that it crowds
more of human progress into a few years of the future
than is to be found in centuries of the past. Sti|l Ihope,
and will continue to hope, till despair conies. Your
stand for educated suffrage is all right. But you must
not forget that educati m is a poor guaranty for patriot-
ism and civic virtue. The educated classes through the
South were rebels, while the ignorant slaves, as a class,
were loyal to the government that had from the begin-
ning pledged itself to rivet their chains and perpetuate
their bondage.
Education ought to be required of every voter to the
extent of giving a cle*r definition of the terms Democrat
and Demagogue. No person ought be allowed the right
of suffrage wiio does not clearly understand the points
of distinction between these two characters.
A genuine, live democrat, in these days, might feel
some apprehension of being claimed as legitimately be-
longing to Barnum. But, as to demagogues, the case
differs. Since the days of the Missouri Compromise
these United States have produced more demagogues than
any country on which the sun shines. Like the frogs
of Egypt, they have come up from our rivers and our
sea coasts, from our mountains and our valleys,-from our
forests and our prairies. They have come up and have
goie into our houses, and into our bed-chambers, and
upon our beds, and into the houses of our servants, and
upon our people, and into their ovens, and into their
kneading troughs. Yes, verily, these frogs have come
upon us, and upon our people, and upon our servants,
and there is no spot, from the parlors of the Presidential
mansion to the meanest watch-house at the corner of
the streets, or the most polluted den of infamy, that does
not now reek with their filthy slime. There is no shade
of meanness in the realms of 6Windledomno leprous
spot or stench in the regions of moral turpitude that
does not belong legitimately to the political demagogue.
If the production and exhibition of such characters be
the legitimate and inevitable result of democratic and
republican institutions, may heaven preserve us all from
both, or either.
To this class alone and exclusively must be traced
all the bickerings, and misrepresentations, and sectional
jealousies, and conflicts, that culminated in this war of
the rebellion. To these demagogues we justly charge
the frightful waste of life, and treasure, with the amount
of debt under which this nation must grind through
coming generations.
If the entire spawn could have been collected on the
fields of Missionary Ridge, Malvern Hill, or Gettysburg;
where the thunders of opposing artillery would have
played on them till the last soul of them had been sent
to its final accountthis war, with its million of lives
and three billions of treasure sacrificed, would have paid
well and been a blessing to the country and to the race.
But, alas l these demagogues are not the class who go
to the battle-field where there is a chance to be shot. They
prefer the fat contract, the lucrative commission, the
recruiting station, the stump platform, the legislative
hall, the political canvass.
Well, it the existence, success, and multiplicity of
such characters do not demonstrate the necessity of a
future time and place of retribution, all demonstration,
even mathematical, is a sheer humbug. If there is no
other way in which such characters can be reached and
suppressed,"the time must cotce, and will come soon,
when whosoever shall kill them will do both God and
man good service. It is hardly within the range of pos-
sibility, as the tide now drifts, that an appeal to arms
can long be avoided, and it behooves all wise and good
men and women to discriminate beforehand, and if pos-
sible avoid the indiscriminate slaughter of the good and
peaceable citizens, not merely with, but instead of, the
vile demagogues who forced the last war, and are now
forcing this that comes apace. There will be no need for
extensive military organization. Itwill defeat the ends
of justice, and afford the opportunity for the dema-
gogues to play the 6ame game as in the late warthat is,
to set the virtuous and peaceable citizens to butchering
each other, while the demagogues apply themselves to the
work of gathering the spoil.
Let the friends of peace aud virtue now begin to dis-
criminate. Let every demagogue be branded beyond
the possibility of mistake. Let him be watched with
sleepless eye, aad let the first appeal to arms be the
death warrant of the last man of them in these United
States. It is the only hope for the future of our govern-
ment. Till this is -done, our government is a miserable
sham, a mere farce. The fact of a drunken boor for a
President, drunken debauchees for Senators, whose
bodies are rotten with licentiousness as their souls are
rotten with swindling and bribery and perjury, till
they stink to heavenwith a judiciary to correspond
calls for Revolution. Thats the very word. Thats the
very idea, and the fact must come either in the death
the government or the extirpation of the demagogues
and the sooner it comes the better for all concerned. In
the presently existiug state of things, impeachment can-
not but be the silly, ridiculous farce of the pot and the
kettle, and i.ts results should surprise no one.
These facts call for a Revolution iu public sentiment
and constitutional enactment. If civil government be
not out and out an arrant humhug, its main, if not its
sole object is to discourage and suppress, extirpate
vice in all its shades and forms, and to encourage,
strengthen and protect virtue. If so, wh.at a ridiculous
farce it is to bring out and invest with office men who
have forfeited their right to the Dame of man by their
indulgence of worse than beastly habits, who are so
lost to all self-respect as to swallow all that is of man
about them into the brute, and take a position so low in
the scale of being, that no brute can come down to it
but the human brute. This Is true not only of the man
who will get drunk, under any circumstances, but of
every man who, disregarding the law of marriage, sub-
jects himself to the frightful penalty which the God of
nature inflicts on man for his worse than brutal licen-
tiousness. It is not only a ridiculous farce to bring such
men forward and sustain them fbr office, but is offering
a premium for crimea premium for human degrada-
tion, and putting morality and virtue at a discount. To
say that we have no sober or virtuous citizens fit for
office is a foul slander on our citizens. To say that
drunkards and debauchees are the best qualified for office
is to hold out an inducement to our office-seekers to be-
come drunkards and debauchees. Revolution is the
watchword. Moral character, at least to the standard of
common decency, ought to be a test of the right of suf-
frage. No man or woman who engages in the nefarious
business of selliug to the dram-drinker, or in any way
appealing to his thirst for intoxicating drinks for gain,
pecuniary or otherwise, ought to be allowed the right of
suffrage. And why should vve not have a constitutional
enactmeut, that no man can be a candidate for any office
who has been known within the last five years to be af-
fected by intoxicating drinksmakiug the first offence
in office an ipso facto divestment and perpetual bar
to future investment. Such an enactment would do
more for the cause of temperance than all the pledges
that have ever been signed! n. n.
Topeka, Kansas, May 22d, 1868.
JuHN STUART MILL.
Editors of Ike Revolution :
It is a matter ol surprise and mortification to many
that John Stuart Mill recently spoko in the English Par-
liament against the abolition of capital punishment, and
with such effect that it is supposed his influence carried
the day. I have not seen auy explanation of this appa-
rently retrograde step on the part of the man who has
been the chief mover iu England for Womans Suffrage.
The arguments he brought forward to support bis posi-
tion cannot account for it, since they are pitiful in the
last degree. The idea of society rising in its majesty
and rightfully depriving the criminal c/f the life he has
forfeited, is snch tol de rol, that however it might fit the
mouth of an ordinary parliament man in England, or a
legislator here, it is not what was expected from Mill.
The idea of society6 dignity or common sense being re-
presented in the big wigs of the English judges, or in the
chicanery of our own courts of justice, is too absurd to
suppose that it can be entertained by any sensible per-
son. Why, it is as foolish as to suppose that the dignity
of this country is represented in the impeachment court,
or its honesty in its financial kings. As for the mercy of
hanging a man, would it not be best to consult the pa-
tient himself before applying it ?
My explanation of this singular course of Mr. Mill is
this. This is Mr. Mill himself, speaking tor himself, and
not speaking as he would have spoken had his dead wife
been living. Think what an indignant flush would have
risen to her cheek at hearing such a proposition sup-
ported by such arguments 1 Her heart was human and
largo enough to consider the humanity of all mon, and
not be bounded by the petty conventions of life.
This vi w of the case, while it explains Mills course,
is a further proof of the truth he utters in the dedication
of his essay on Liberty to her. There he says, in sub-
stauoe, that everything of any value in his works comes
from her. This, I am convinced, is truo, and that when
the nineteenth century comes, as it must come, to recog-
nize the fact that the women are better capable and
fitted, by their brains and by their hearts, tp aid and di-
rect it in its Revolution towards the reign ol justice, her
name will stand high in the roll of honor, and his, only
as secondary to hers. E. H.
ORPHAN CHILDREN.
Washington, D. C., Sunday, May 31, 1868.
Almost-the first summer day of the season, a clear,
blue sliy and steady sunshine, neither too hot nor too
cool, a day when the heart must be callous and cold that
is not subdued and warmed to a new life of grateful joy
and consecration to duty, as if by a thousand precious
or painful memoriesa day when inspiration comes to
the preacher, not more by the soft halo of the blue above
and the loving hush of the quivering young foliage
around, than the multitude of serious and happy faces
and devotional spirits that gather in temples, made with
hands, to hear and learn of the way of Life.
A new chord in our hearts was struck when Dr. Boyn-
ton offered his fervent morning prayer for all the chil-
dren of men, and especially implored a tender regard
for the orphan ohildren now present.
Usually, in the oft-repeated prayers for the widow
and the fatherless, in the church, we have looked in
vain to see these objects of solicitude, and our minds
have gone out into lanes and byways, to wretched huts
and hovels, to see them hungry and not fed,
naked and not clothed, sick and not visited, and
crying to God, with no present help 1 But the scene
was changed, and there sat, among the Anglo-Saxon
worshippers, a whole institution of dark-skinned or-
phans of slavery and the war. Their bright, trusting
faces, and cur approving conscience said it was good tor
hem to be there, and we were glad, and wondered how


364

many of the thousands of churches in the land were
doing this work meet for repentance.*
Seeing this day replete with sunshine and natures
choicest green, in contrast with the cold, unseasonable
storms of the past month, one might almost bplieve that
the ancients god of the seasons, had at last been ap-
peased, and his good-will invoked through a national
tribute of flowers to the dead.
Due to our soldiers, who sacrificed wife, mother, sister
and life itself, was this commomoration of Saturday,
3uth of May. What more could ye do ? bravo heroes for
freodom! How fitting that we etrew flowers, garlands
of sorrow and wreaths of beauty around your heads,
mementoes of broken hearts, and desolated hearth-
stones, and pledge that we will finish the work you so
nobly began.
As the saints days in the church, so the soldiers day
on this 30th of May should be faithfully observed at
their graves, and the faith of the nation sacredly pledged
to the cause for which they died, if perchance the loving
Father of all may shape our destiny and preserve our
freedom. -t. s. g.
THREE FIFE ARTS.
Knowing Mr. Pillsbnrys admiration for
Buskin, I send you this extract from his last
1 icture in Dublin : g. f. t,
HUSKIN SHOWING THE FAILURES OF SIS THOUSAND TEARS.
In six thousand years of labor and sorrow, what had
the world done ? Take the three chief occupations and
arts oi man, and begin with agriculture. Six thousand
years had passed since they were set to till the ground
from which they were taken. How much of that was
tilled wisely or well? Let them look for answer to that
district which lies in the very centre of the garden oi
Europe, where the noble Catholics of the Forest Canton-
ments and the noble Protestants of the Vaudois valleys
maintained their faith and liberties, while, on the oppo-
site coast of Africa, a woman, not many suns since, eat
her own child lor famine, and with all the treasures of
the East, they, in their own dominions, could not buy
food for their own people, and stood by and saw 500,000
perish of hunger. Taking the next of the human arts
weaving, honoured by all noble heathen women in the
person of a heathen Goddess,what had they done in six
thousand years in this art ? Might they not know by
this time how to haag their walls with tapestry, or to
fence their breasts with fair shields from the cold ? Were
the fingers of their maidens not able? Had they not
choked the air with smoke to turn their spinning-wheels
and to drive their looms, and were they not clothed?
Yet, ike streets of the capital were foul with cast clouts
and rotten rags, and their street children were left in
raggedness and disgrace, While nature clothed the nest-
ling and protected the young of the wolf in the den.
And did not the winter snow robe what they had not
robed, and shroud what they had not shrouded? And
did npt every winters wind bear up to Heaven wasted
souls, to witness aganist them, in the words of their
Christ I was naked and ye clothed me not ? Next
take the art of buildingthe strongest, the most endur-
ing of the arts of man. When once done it will stand-
more strongly than the unbalanced rocks, more perman,
nently than the crumbling hills. Iu six thousand years
what had-they done? Of the greater part of the cities of
former times not a vestige was left but fallen stone that
incumbered the fields and choked the streams. They of
the ruling brain,constructive and progressive, thirst-
ing for immortalitycould not contend with the workings
of tho insec L of the forest or the sea, and the only ridges of
former ruin marked the spot where once dwelt the cease-
less multitude. But with all their great achievements,
little ones lay in the open streets, and night by night rose
np Ihe cry of the homeless again to witness against them
i was a stranger and ye took me not in. Was it al-
ways to be thus ? Was their life to be forever without
profit? Ihe poets of old had dreamed of mercy, and
justice, and peace, and good-will, and labor, and dis-
appointment, and rest undisturbed. They had dreamed
of .fulness in harvest, of prudence in law, of gladness in
the parent, of strength in the children, of glory in grey
hairs, and at all these visions they had mocked, and hid
them stand aside, because they spoke as things unreal,
unaccomplished. And what had they accomplish ed ?
Wandered amid the spectra of baser falsehood, walked in
the imagination of our evil hearts, instead of the course
of eternity until, our lives were not the likeness of the
sky of heaven but of the smoke of hell, for heaven was
hut a vapor that endureth for a little and then vanish-
eth away. Were they sure of that ?sure that the no-
thingness of the grave would he the rest they anticipa-
ted? Some were, and others had no desire whith. r
they went. But was it necessary to share the degrada-
tion of th3 brute beast because they were condemned to
its mortality? Let all joinin this work. He maketh
the wiuds His angels, the flaming fire His ministers.
Could they do loss than that? Let them work while they
could snatch their portion out cf eternity Feeding,
clothing and houseing the people wore the first three of
all the fine arts.
Madame Stanton : Your number of April 30th, gave
us an excellent article upon Labor and Capital. Capi-
tal has always controlled labor, has made it a slave, de-
riving profit from it and leaving it barely enough to keep
it from dying of hunger.
Nos bras sans relache tendus,
Aux dots jaloux. an sol avare
Ravisvent leurs tresors perdus
Ce qui nourrit et a qui pare ;
Perles diamants et meetanx
Fruit du coteau, grain de la plaine ;
Panvres montons, quels bons manteaux
11 se tisse de votre laine 1
Quel fruit tirons-mons des labeurs
Qui courbent nos maigres echines ?
On vont les fiots de nos sueurs ?
Mons we sommes que des machines
Nos Babels montent jusqu an ciel
La terre nons dcit ses merveilles ;
Des qu elles out from le miel
Le maitre chasse les abeilles.
Workingman's song, by Pierre Dupont.
An isolated man works for himself. Each one for
himself creates selfishness, false dealing, unbounded
competition, which itself is the cause of adulteration.
The masses who pursue this wrong course are educated
in the same vicious system, that is to say, natural apti-
tude is stifled at birth in such a way that the many who
follow a business contrary to their taste are only in-
ferior and awkward workers while the few have a chance
to follow their natural bent and to make what is called a
great success, which is only the result of a disguised
theft. These are called smart men. As fortune is the
life of everything, and cannot favor one person except
at the expense of many others, it follows that a single
powerful individual can keep a multitude starving and
can make for them the laws which govern labor. Let us
illustrate : A single woman comes to some shop for
work, the price of which is $1.00.' Another woman
presents herself, claiming that she has more need of
employment as she has a sick husband dependant upon
her and that she will work for ninety cents. A third wo-
man appears and maintains that her need is still greater
since she has an intemperate husband and several little
children and offers to work for eighty cents. To whom
will the work he given ? To the third applicant ? No.
Because the first will say, lam alone, I can live upon
less without suffering. I will do it for seventy cents.
What a heart-break for the other two women t This is
the evil. What is the remedy ? You have not indicated
it, Madame. The rehabilitation of women in her usurped
rights would be a slight palliative to the evils of society,
without curing them; it would be nevertheless a de-
cided step towards that end. We must have a more
radical reform ; we must% attack the cause of the evil,
each one for himself creates selfishness and makes
capitalistsdevouring cancer of society. The remedy
is each one for all; all for each one ; it is utopidn but
true. Each one for all, will be realized by a co-opera-
tive society which will allow laborers to enjoy the fruit
of their labor, which will keep consumers from the
thefts of intermediate parasites, who are generally capi-
talists and who make the rise and fall of stocks accord-
ing to ihe degree of their cupidity.
We read in the same number a letter from Washing-
ton by Mrs. Julia Archibald, on Women as Clerks.
Much could be said upon that interesting letter.' Why are
government places so much sought after by both sexes ?
The places of a republican government should be posi-
tions of honor rather than of emolument. On the con*
ta-ary, they are well paid for little work. People are' ad-
mitted to them by patronage, without any reference to
capacity, so that those who are entitled to them by their
conduct, talents or necessities are refosed. All this in-
justice is caused by want of solidarity. Reform will not
come from above; it rests with the poor people who are
pinched by poverty to make for themselves an inde-
pendent position by association and to leave those who
can do nothing for them.
Accept my sororific greetings,
H. L. Louis.
The gentlemen have adopted for themselves the word
fraternal, what prevents our using for ouwelvw the word
sororific?
HUSBANDS NOT WANTED.
The following scrip appears in a late paper:
A Western widow, handsome and learned, manages
a large farm, and she raised last year 1,000 bushels of
wheat, 1,200 bushels of corn; has a large stock of hogs,
sends fat cattle to the New York Market, has abundance
of flowers, apples, pears, strawberries and currants, keeps
up with current literaturedoes not want to marry.
One of mans^chronic taunts of woman has been her
desire to marry. Managing mamas, husband-seek-
ing daughters, widows bewitched, are epithets that
have run the rounds of newspapers, magazines and
books. Men have been represented as wary fish and wo-
men as anxious anglers equipped with the paraphernalia
of rods, lines, and all the variety of bait needed to se-
cure the shyest trout. Of late an additional cry has been
raised; woman is so extravagant that young men are
forced to remain single. A young husband would not
be able to indulge 1 his wife in ribbons and laces and at
the same time keep himself in tobacco mid pay his dub
fees.
Let me whisper a secret into these mens ears. Ten-
fold more men marry for love, i. e., because they are
anxious to marry, than women. What those women
desire who angle for husbands, is money, not matri-
mony. In the present condition of society the wife is
mainly dependant tor position and wealth on the mans
position and wealth whom she monies. Woman is not
upheld by the customs of society in stepping forth and
earning money for herself. She has been told again and
again that matrimony is her sphere. So, as woman*
equally with man, loves position, power and money, sho
sometimes looks for it in this sphere, so sedulously
pointed out as her appropriate one.
Oh, man, do you know that in shutting out woman
from honorable methods of money-making, whether it is
by ridicule or law, you are preparing a dagger to pierce
your own heart? Do you know that just as often as
you.sneer at the woman who tries to earn money, just so
often you are increasing the chance that one of your
own sex may bestow his name upon a woman who loves
him not, but whom his money or his position has
bought.
If maiden life, or widowhood were respected, and equa i
honor shown to the woman who earned her own liveli-
hood as is shown to the man who earns his livelihood,
thousands and thousands of women would remain single
in preference to entering a state which takes from them
their personal identity, even to Christian name, andplaces
them before the world as Mrs. John So and So, or Mrs.
Isaac Somebodywhich in most stales confiscates
their property, denies them any legal control of their
own children, governs them by anothers will, and speaks
of them after deathii, like Hindoo women, unfortu-
nate enough to survive their husbandsas the relicts, or
fragmentary portions of the previously deceased hus-
bands.
Man, if you wish a wife who loves you, who marries
you for yourself alone, respect woman in place of ridi-
culing her, welcome her to positions of emolument and
trust; break apart laws which give her one place in so-
ciety and yourself another j break all fetters which bind
her and leave you in lreedom, and when that happy
period arrives, as it surely will, whether you help or
hinder, then instead of dissension will be agreement;
instead of womans marrying for a home, or position, or
money, she will feel justified in refusing an eligible
offer. if her heart cannot go with her hand, and mar-
riage, instead of being on institution in which one is
master and the other a slave, one a tyrant and the other
a deceiver, will become what the Great Author of our
being designed it to be ; and husband and wife will be
two souls with but a single thought, two lives mingled
in one. Joslvn.
Dear Mrs, Stanton : I meant long ago to have written
you how much we enjoy The Revolution, which has
come regularly since Miss Anthonys announcement
gave us the privilege of subscribing to this expression,
and answer to a great public want. It is not only a Rev-
olution which will make politicians and even reformers
and philosophers dance to new music, but a revelation
of light and hope to multitudes sitting in darkness and
despair. What a woman said, many times in the past
I have desired ancl prayed to die, but since The Revo-
lution appeared, I want to live, utters the profound
welcome your paper receives among those common
people, who always hear truth gladly, and indicate sth
dumb, aching, unutterable yearnings of myriads, yet
living almost without hope, and without good in the
world.
During the thousands or millions of years since ere-



365
ation, men- have patched and botched the world with
their male governments, their male literatures, their
male theologies, philosophies, philanthropies, until look-
ing at the savage insanity of war, the tragio life of wo-
man, die degradation of labor, the ravages of intemper-
ance, and the thousand other evils which afflict society,
one does not wonder that Second Adventists think the re-
sources of Providence spent, and the Messiah is to come
again in flowing fire to burn the whole thing up and
try again. But Deity, incarnating himself under new
forms, in each age, to redeem it, now commissions daugh-
ters as well as sons of men to be saviors, and embodies
his most redeeming grace in woman. In America, where
all classes, sexes, races, interests, were intended to stand
on their good behavior, on their -own merits, woman
should have broken loose before from the imprisoning
conditions within which the ages have bound her. But
now she is loose.and speaking her mind in a newspaper
of her own, we must expect startling facts, prepare for
Revolutions in all directions, a general breaking up Qf
indecent styles in the world's housekeeping, that we live
in a mote orderly and sensible manner. Some anti,
slavery believers in Woman's Rights seem alarmed at
you exercising more liberty than tney bargained for;
but evidently these new-comers, so much objected to in
certain quarters, were foreordained to play4heir present
part. Had it been possible or desirable to establish a
womans paper, under abolition auspices alone, the su-
perior abilities of Lucy Stone would have done it. But
Providence desiring to give demccrats also a chance to
be saved, in being saviors, invoked their aid* As the
accomplished daughter of Francis Jackson, Mrs. E. F.
Eddy, who inherits much of the insight and courage of
her noble father, and has herself done resolute service
for her sex, said of your last meeting in Music Hall,
Boston : We went at half-past seven and staid till
eleven, and you can imagine something kept us. To see
such different materials combined to do the Lord's work
was proof to my mind that the Lord sent Mr. Train to
help it along. He was so free and easy, so witty, so
funny, and impressive withal, that we forgave him all his
sins, though he made it out that he had none."
Reform, like Deity, is no respector of persons; the latest
cottier and the humblest believer is of infinitely more
importance than the greatest past advocate who evades
the logical duty of the hour. When good men have
served a cause so long that they think themselves en-
titled to betray or ignore itj it is high time bad men
took their places. In the advooaoy of peace and labor
reform, I have learned that every cause must create its
own supporters and welcome assistance from any quar-
ter ; and that when reformers-become so wise as to*
think it dangerous to cast out devils, except in their
name, it is well to ask if the adversary has not taken
stock in their kind of reform." I rejoice, therefore,
that there were women among us gifted with wisdom
and courage enough to know their time and accept its
duties; and am confident you will achieve a great and
beneficent success in your present line of action. Many
Other things flow to ones pen to get themselves written
about the various questions you have opened, 'but must
not be permitted to fill more space now. The degraded
condition of our workingmen, already voters, shows
how little the ballot has yet done of what that potent
agent is oapable. Nevertheless, By this sign we shall
'Conquer is a good motto for your banner ; while the
appearance of labor, finance, commerce, marriage, cul-
ture, peSce, and other issues in the same columns which
claim the right of woman to vote, so well indicates the
other necessary means to reach that fair play and prac-
tical justice towards which the race is struggling, that
we are glad to say to all concerned to aid the general
welfare, take The Revolution."
E. H. Heywood.
Worcester, Mass., May 30, 1868.
ORANGE MARMALADE.
New York, June 4,1868.
Mv Dear Miss M. : If there is any one thiDg that
serves to excite an appetite more than anotherif there
is any one thing that I dote on, it is orange marmalade.
Especially at this season, when all our fruits are in the
blossom, it lakes their place with a high-toned flavor
that makes grass butter relish exceedingly at breakfast or
at lunch. You may imagine, then, my consternation
when I came to learn that imported orange marmalade
was made from the sweepings of all the metropolitan
theatres, and could not be eaten any more without
great misgivings 1 Hitherto the stamp of importation
was a recommendation, and we never looked behind it,
but now, that the curtain has been withdrawn, our taste
for foreign marmalade has altogether abated. It was a
great relief, my dear Miss M., to learn that in our own
fair country, we could procure my loved marmalade, cut
from the fresh orange, retaining all its refreshing juices
without losing one drop by previous sucking! Directed
by The Revolution, I have actually purchased and
tasted your most delicious marmalade, and will vouch
for its character from the color and high flavor. There
may be untold dirt mixed with the foreign marmalade,
but ,the high motive that induces you to enter into
this Work is a guarantee of the purity and excellence of
yours. . y,
A WOMANS NOTION.
Syracuse, May 29, 1868.
Naysome one will saya foolish, childish whim. -I
dont care I Dear Miss Anthony will take it on her lap
and give it a hearing anyhow.
It wants to be something, to do something, to earn
something. And it proposes to ask papa to assign it
some Vineland property, some of that prolific soil on
which to grow its own ideas.
It proposes to reduce the fancies of Mother Goose "
and the science of farmingas more particularly of agri-
cultureto practical illustrations.
It also proposes to furnish the means of a livelihood
to many who would otherwise lack employment.
It proposes' to revolutionize those curious sub-soils
whichturned up to the light and heatsuddenly be-
come transformed into fertile and fruitful gardens: It
proposes to go to house-cleaning out-of-doors, and to
make every inch of Dixies Land serviceable.
It hopes that Loves labors will not be lost, and pro-
poses to use the proceeds of those laborsas it will-^for
the uplifting of the downcast and the feeding of the
poor.
It desires and expects to do all this; if Miss Anthony
will please present Papa with a copy of her paper con-
taining this petitionfor he reads The Revolution"
and thinks it tip-top," and I am sure it will intercede
with himhe will immediately make me the afore-named
assignment. - m. b. h.
WOMEN INVENL ORS.
------
At 92 Liberty street (room 19) may be seen
a Domestic Spinner, invented by Mrs. Sarah
Hart of Farmington, Io^a. It occupies but
little mor.e room than an old fashioned spinning-
wheelcontains from twelve to forty spindles.
A woman, therefore, can spin twelve or forty
times the quantity of wool per day. This in-
vention of this Iowa farmers wife must prove
a great blessing to the homes of the settlers of
the far West.
Brief Biographies of Celebrated Women,
Ancient and Modern.Agnesi, Maria Gaetana,
a native of Milan, bom in 1718, gave early in-
dications of extraordinary abilities, devoted her-
self to the abstract sciences, and at the $ge
of nineteen supported one hundred and ninety-
one theses, which were afterwards published.
In mathematics she obtained such consummate
skill, that the Pope allowed her to succeed her father
as professor of. Bologna. Her knowlege of an-
cient and modern languages was also extensive.
She died in 1799, at Milan, where, several years
before, she had taken the veil. Her great work
is entitled Analytical Institutions, and has
been translated by Professor Colson.
Another source, and a security, perhaps more
enduring than any other, for the immortality of
Shakspeare in literature, Mr. Giles points out,
is the feminine element in his gehius, such as
no other male writer ever possessed :
No genius that deals with human life is
complete without including both the masculine
and feminine elements. * The genius which
includes them both, and developes both, is like
those plants which have the two sexes in the
same dower, in which the blossom that gives
delight by its beauty, gives at the same time,
the promise of coming fruit and of deathless
seed. * The literature that can last must
have a common interest for man and woman ; but
if it lean to either side, it should be to that of
woman, for the life of woman is always nearer
to nature than that of man ; her instincts and
sentiments are more primitive ; her sense of sex
is more tenacious ; her thoughts are more spon-
taneous, rapid and direct; and the whole consti-
tutes an inward character that maintains a won-
derful unity amid the numberless varieties of
her sex, and a continued identity, which is neith
er lost or obscured through the manifold changes
of history or the world. The literature, there- *
fore, which not only has no feminine element,
but, -still worse, has no feminine interest, wants
the most vital element of humanity.
Mrs. Fawcett, in a recent number of Macmil-
lan's Magazine, speaks as follows of the admis-
sion of women to the English universities : I be-
lieve few, even university men, are aware how
easily this could be accomplished at Cambridge.
The only conditions which the University of
Cambridge imposes on students prior to t heir
passing their examinations are, that they keep a
certain term of residence, and that they should
attend professors* lectures. Now, residence m ay
be kept in two ways ; either by entering at some
college, in which case residence is kept either
within its walls or in lodgings ; or by residing
in the house of some master of arts who has'
licensed his house as a hostel. In this latte r
manner, residence may be kept by students with-
out their ever setting foot within the walls of a
college. There would therefore be no difficulty
or impropriety in ladies fulfilling the conditions
of residence imposed by the University ; any
married master of arts who is living at Cam-
bridge could, by obtaining from the Vice-Chan-
cellor the necessary license, convert his house
into a hostel, and his sons or daughters,by resi-
dence in it, and by attending professorslectures ,
would do all that the university requires of stu-
dents previous to their passing, or trying to pass,
their examinations. Of course it would be ex-
ceptionally easy for those young ladies to keep
residence whose fathers, are masters of art living
at Cambridge ; but there would be no conceiv-
able danger or impropriety in allowing a respect-
able married M.A. to license his house as a
hostel for girls not so favorably situated.' The
difficulty of residence, therefore, which many
people regard insuperable, being thus disposed
of, what remains ? Simply attendence at pro-
fessors lectures, and the admittance of girls to
the examinations which the University imposes
on those desirous of obtaining degrees. As for
attendence at professors' lectures, so many la-
dies in Cambridge already do attend them, that
it is unnecessary to say that there is no more
difficulty whatever in their doing so. It is no
uncommon thing in Cambridge for a professor
to have a course of lectures largely and regular-
ly attended by ladies.
A New York correspondent writes an inter-
esting letter on the lady artists of New York,
in which he (or she) says a female artists studio
is said to be a curiosity in its way, containing
models, paintings, easels, paints, oils, grinding
material, tea-pots, hoop skirts, copies of The
Revolution, the constitution of the Female
Clnb, dumb bells and a piano. They are a jolly
set.
Women and Medical Societies.The Man-
chester (N. H.) Union and American reports tha^


366

-....- - If
tlie Seventy-eighth Annual Meeting of the New
Hampshire Medical Society, held in that city
last week, admitted twelve new members ; that
Miss M. 0. A. Hunt, by letter, asked for
membership and her request was referred to
the council. Does that mean to the Sleep of
Death ?
jfoumrint Dejnmnmtt.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Free. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New^ York the Financial
Venire of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills. The Credit Fonder' and Credit
Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Fi'ancisco. More organized
Labor, move Cotton, more Cold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strengtli-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions fen' a
Standing Army and M'eedman's Bureau for the *
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites ?
THE REVOLUTION,
NO. XXIII.
EUROPE VS. THE UNITED STATES.
brown brothers and pacific mail.
Before the rebellion, it was the proud dis-
tinction of the United States to share the honors
and profits of the ocean with Great Britain, as
the maritime powers of the world. Our sole
rival, Great Britain, was then rapidly giving
way to us in the ocean-carrying trade. Our
sailing packets and clipper ships were un-
rivalled, and the American flag crowded the
pathways from New York to Europe and China.
The rebellion, with its Alabamas, was the first
check on this order of things, and misgovern-
ment at Washington has given a severe blow
to the prosperty of American shipping. Ocean
steam navigation and the. improvements and
economy of iron hulls and serew propellers are
superceding sailiug vessels. In these, the
United States have made no progress. Europe
enjoys the monopoly of ocean steamship navi-
gation. The only American lines afloat are be-
tween here and Cuba and Brazil, and the Great
Pacific Mail Steamship Company from New
York to San Francisco and China, with Webbs
new opposition. The United Slates have no
Hue of ocean screw steamers.
THE COLLINS LINETHE GREATEST SUCCESS AND
THE GREATEST FAILURE.
From New York to Europe the steamships
average more than one for every day iu the
year, and they are all European lines. This is
a remarkable fact, and by no means creditable
to ourselves. It is not because we cannot build
steamships, for no finer models have ever been
afloat than the old Collins line, and their ac-
commodations and speed inaugurated a new era
for the travelling public on the ocean. They
stimulated the Cuuard Company into improve-,
ments which ^ere never thought of or attempted
until the Collins line started. We are indebted
to it for the increased speed and superior ac-
commodations now to be had on the transat-
lantic route. The Collins line was at once the
greatest success and greatest failure the ocean
has ever seen. Successful beyond expectation
in the patronage it obtained, and disastrous be-
yond imagination to conceive in its financial
collapse. The flattering patronage the Collins
line had received from the travelling public
seemed to promise the cream of the ocean trade
to the United States, and that promise would
have been fulfilled to the letter, if the Collins
line had not been ruined by gross and culpable,
not to say corrupt mismanagement.
BROWN BROTHERS RUINED THE COLLINS LINE.
The Anglo-American banking firm, Messrs.
Brown Bros. & Co., were the agents and mana-
gers of the Collins Steamship Company. Com-
missions were paid on outlay and disburse-
ments, the furnishing of the ships was farmed
out, and a system of reckless extravagance was
carried on by that firm which finally ruined the
Company, and by its ruin so frightened Ameri-
can capital from investing in ocean steamships
as virtually tp take from America the steamship
transatlantic route, and make a present of it to
Europe. This has been the logical, practical
.result of the ruin of the Collins Steamship
Company. If Messrs Brown Bros, and Co.
had been bribed by the Cunard line or Europe
to sweep American steamships from the Allan-.
tic, they could not have done it more effectually
than they did, by their policy and management
of the Collins line. Why ?
BROWN BROTHERS COLLINS LINE POLICY RUI \T_
1NG PACIFIC MAIL.
Not content with mining one ol the finest
steamship fleets afloat, the Collins line, Messrs.
Brown Bros. & Co. have fastened themselves
like a barnacle on the Pacific Mail Steamship
Company, with the same policy of exclusive
insolence, favoritism, disregard of public wants,
commissions on supplying stores, and reckless
extravagance of expenditures, which would
have ruined the Company long ago, if the route
had not been one which pays extraordinary
profits. A year ago, Pacific Mail, according to
the sworn testimony of Mr. Howard Potter, the
spu-in-law of one of the Browns, and otheis,
had cash assets of $14,000,0o0, and they stated
the stock was worth 150 or $30,000,000. Thelast
official statement published by the president,
Mu'. Louis McLane, tells the stockholders that
the Company is running at a loss, can pay no
dividend, and recommends that all dividends be
postponed indefinitely. The capital stock of
the Company is $20,000,000, but deducting that
which the Company owns or has not Issued, it
is in round numbers $17,000,000. Of this
amount $12,000,000 in money has been con-
tributed within the last few years, and all that
the Company has to show for this besides the
original capital, are side-wheeled steamships,
which would, not sell for $6,000,000, and a busi-
ness which the president coolly states is so
rainonsly bad as in his judgment to render
dividends hopeless. In plain terms Pacific
Mail, like the Collins line, is on the- verge of
dissolution at the hands of the same doctors, the
eminent bankers, Messi's. Brown Brothers <£* Co.
If this were simply the dissolution of a cor-
porate steamship company, and its results were
only loss to a body of stockholders who were
stupid enough to entrust the management of
their property in such hands, then the ruin
of Pacific Mail would be of minor importance.
But unfortunately for the national prosperity
that is not so. As the ruin of the Collins line
gave the transatlantic route to Europe, so will
the ruin of the Pacific Mail Company also give
to Europe the monopoly of the Atlantic and
Pacific oceans. For if Pacific Mail fails, it will
frighten American capital from investing in that
route. As the scandal of Messrs. Brown Bros.
& Co.s mismanagement of the Collins and Pa-
cific Mail Steamship Companies is a matter of
public notoriety, it behooves the merchants and
shipowners of New York, as well as the Pacific
Mail stockholders, for their own pecuniary gain,
to take promptand vigorous measures for saving
this great national enterprise from ruin, and the
carrying steamship trade from passing into the
hands of foreigner's.
THE NOVELTY IRON WORKS LOAN FROM PACIFIC
iyr*TT--
The Novelty Iron Works, which are in reality
the Browns property, have borrowed $500,000
of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company on col-
laterals which no bank or money lender in Wall
street would advance $50,000. Why do Messrs.
Brown Brothers & Co., with their enormous
wealth and transacting a business of giving their
sixty days paper for other people's money, not ad-
vance this sum of $500,000 to the Novelty Iron
Works, instead of borrowing it from a corpora-
tion of which they are trustees?
FIRST CLASS FIRMS TO BE WATCHED. ALL IS NOT
GOLD THAT GLITTERS.
The developments in the case,of Overend,
Guruey & Co., showing a condition of hopeless
insolvency for years precedent to their avowed
bankruptcy, are warnings that the highest
standing and credit are no guarantees against
irregularities, nor inceotive^to blind confidence.
The recent decision in Paris that the Credit
Mobilier had swindled its new stockholders out
of $12,000,009 in gold, by watering its capital
stock, and the decree that this sum was due to
and should be paid back to them, are warnings
which no prudent business man ought to neglect.
THE ROCK ISLAND FIASCO.
WHAT WILL BECOME OF THE CLIQUES?
The clique of stockjobbers who have been
seeking to stop the buildiug of the Chicago
and Bock Island road to Council Bluffs, and
who advertised to hold what they balled a
stockholders meeting of that Company in
Chicago, have suddenly collapsed in their de-
mands, and compromised with Mr. John F.
Tracy, the president. They have agreed to
withdraw all the suite, six in number, which
they had instituted against the Company in the
name of their tools, Bufus Hatch, Fisk of Fisk
& Belden, and others. They have agreed to ac-
quiesce in Mr. Tracys plans for building the
road to Council Bluffs, and that two or three
new directors shall take the place of those from
Iowa.
This sudden back down of the clique in their
high-sounding demands is, without doubt,
caused by the heavy load of Bock Island and
other stocks they are carrying in the face of the
very unpromising present and prospective con-
dition of the stock market. It is said the clique
and their friends hold over 100,000 shares 6f
Bock Island stock for which, in common with
other clique stocks, there is really no mar-
ket at anything like a fair quotation, to say
nothing about the present high prices. The


367

Rock Island clique, therefore, did wisely in
withdrawing their claims and in making a set-
tlement with the present managers. It gives
them the only possible chance of selling and
making a market for the Rock Island stock they
hold. To have permitted the litigation to con-
tinue, could have ended only in one way, re-
sulting in ruinous losses'to the clique. As
affairs are now, they have the chance of selling
on the excitement created by the settlement of
existing difficulties and thus lessening their
losses. The money lenders are afraid of rail-
way stock collaterals. The present cliqued
condition of the market and the unnaturally
high prices to which railway shares have been
. run up beyond the level of other property dis-
turb confidence.
The riskiness of the clique railway shares as
collaterals may he illustrated by a few figures.
The capital stock ofMichigan Southern is $10,-
646,200 and the 10 per cent, stock dividend re-
cently declared and payable this month adds
$,1,050,000, making the total in round numbers
$11,700,000. In 1865, the earnings of Michigan
Southern were $4,826,727 against .$4,713,744 in
1867, showing a falling off compared with 1865
which continues in the present year. In 1865,
the price ranged from 49| to to 844, while the
present quotation 88 ex-stock dividend is equal
to 97. These figures show that the market
price of Michigan Southern in 1865 was $4,800,-
000, when the capital stock was only $9,720,000,
while it is now selling for $11,500,000, or nearly
two and one-half times more. In plain terms,
Michigan Southern, with less earnings in 1868,
is quoted on the New York Stock Exchange as
worth $11,500,000, when in 1865, it was rated
at $4?800>000.
Again, Chicago and North Western capital
stock is $28,000,000, and the funded debt $16,-
251,000 against $26,000,000 capital in 1865, and
. $12,000,000 funded debt. The price in 1865
ranged from 20 to 20 Thus we see that the
Chicago and North Western Railway was quoted
on the Stock Exchange, in 1865, at $5,200,000
against $19,500,000, at current quotationssay
68 to 70.. The earnings in 1865 were $8,000,000
against $11,500,000 in 1867. The increase in
price, therefore, has been on a much greater
ratio than that of the earnings.
The Erie, Hudson River, and Rock Island
have also been watered, and the prices
of all stocks compared with those current last
year are so high that the uneasiness of money
lenders is not without a good foundation. The
fate of the cliques and clique stocks is one of
the great absorbing questions in Wall street.
To ooi' Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
MB. SEWARD AND THE COSTA RICAN MINISTER.
Mr. Seward has recommended that our gov-
ernment shall make a survey of the Pacific port
of Tivivas, in the Republic of Costa Rica. This
will involve an expense of about $250,000 for
the benefit of a foreign government, which so
fer from being friendly to American interests,
has recently given evidence, through the action
of its minister at Washington, of a spirit hos-
tile to the United States. The facts axe these :
A company of American capitalists holds the
charter for an inter-oceanic railroad across the
territoiy of Costa Rica, to run from the port of
Limon on the Atlantic to the port of Tivivas on
the Pacific which our government is now asked
to survey. The Atlantic port of Limon has al-
ready been surveyed through the exertions of
the American company. They have also com
menced work on the railroad and expended a
considerable amount of money thereon, but
now, on technical grounds, the Government of
Costa Rica is debating the question of a for-
feiture of the charter of the American Com-
pany, owing to the intrigues, it is said, of for-
eigners who are desirous of transferring it to
European capitalists. So marked was this un-
friendly spirit to the United States, that the
Costa Rican minister at Washington actually
notified the agents of the company in New
York, of the lapse of their charter, owing to the
non-performance of certain acts in Costa Rica
on the day he wrote, oblivious of the absurdity of
assuming a knowledge of what had taken place
in Costa Rica one month before it was possible
to receive news of the same. When respectfully
notified by the agents of the company, that
neither he nor they could tell for three weeks
or a month what had taken place in Costa Rica
on the date of the alleged expiry of the contract
in Costa Rica, which was also ihe date of his noti-
fication, the Costa Rican minister evinced, a
spirit so aggressive and hostile to the United
States, that Mr. Seward could not have been
aware of these facts when he sent to Congress the
recommendation to survey the port of Tivivas.
Costa Rica is entitled to no favors from the
United States, such as Mr. Seward recommends,
unless the government of that Republic shall
give guarantees of its intentions to favor the
United States and not Europe. The committee
in Congress will do well to inquire into, this
matter. K
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers is the fiasco in the Bock
Island stockholders meeting at Chicago and the back
down of
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY CRAUFORDE, CONTINENTAL
MURDOOK, PATENT GAS APPLETON, CAVEAT EMTOR
OR PERUVIAN BOND MORGAN,
and the other great guns of the Bock Island clique. The
talk is that
LAWYER SCURRILL
advised them to fight it out at law as then
HE WOULD BE ALL RIGHT
if they were not, but St. Humphrey Davy, who goes in for
the chips and dont care particularly where they come
from, guessed they had better cave in and make the
beet terms they
COULD WITH JOHN F. TRACY.
The talk is that the clique had got an elephant on their
hands in Bock Island besides a dose of
MICHIGAN SOUTHERN AND NORTH WEST
which threatens to swamp them unless they can suc-
ceed in sticking the public by some humbug story of
great earnings and a dividend. The talk is that
CONTINENTAL MURDOCK IS AS MAD .
as fury at not being made a director in place of Wileon
G. Hunt, and he intimates pretty plainly that
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY
has sold him out, and he wants to know who the thunder
is
\
WILSON G. HUNT
in comparison with Continental Murdock that a tailor
should supplant a first class
EMINENT BANKER LIKE CONTINENTAL
is an outiage on decency which St. Humphrey Davy and
Bock Island will live to repent, that a
CONTINENTAL PRESIDENT
is not to be slighted with impunity like a Continental-
The talk is that some of the cliques' friends and a few
of the 'cute ones in the
i*
ROOK ISLAND POOL
have been quietly selling out all the Bock Island that the
market would take above 98%, that although it is a very
valuable property, yet they have found it so hard to carry
for the last sis mouths, that they prefer somebody else
shall have.the load now-. The balk is that the poo\,
order to advance the price of Bock Island, has had to
load up and that things aint so lovely as they ought to
be, tt at some of the sharp ones at Chicago have been
telegraphing their brokers to sell here and that
HIGH ART SWINDLING
is going on at a great rate among the bosom friends oi
the concern. The talk is that the public aud the street
know the tricks of the cliques too well to be caught with
any more chaff and to be
STUCK WITH ROCK ISLAND,
Michigan Southern, or North West, either long or short,
that they mean to let them alone. The talk is that
BENEDICT AT LOCKWOODS
has got in tow an amiable
LAWYER FROM PEN YAN
who believes in '
BENEDICT AS AAEON
did in Moses, and although he is rather soft, Benedict
must not bake him too hard although
HE IS A BAKER.
The talk is that
PRESIDENT LOUIS MLANE
made a ninny of himself, and showed his hand too
plainly in that letter he published in the
MONEY ARTICLE OF THE TIMES
last week. The talk is that somebody is evidently doing
all they can to
RUIN PACIFIC MAIL,
and-run down its price, and the question is are they
doing this awful bearing on Pacific Mail for the purpose
of
BUYING THE STOCK AT A BARGAIN?"
Why did President Louis McLane publish such a bear
letter saying that dividends must be postponed indefi-
nitely ? Was it done in the
INTEREST OF BROWN BROTHERS & CO. ?
The talk is that President
M*LANE, BROWN BROTHERS, DENNISTOUN
the other Anglo-American banker, and the inside stock-
jobbing clique of Pacific Mail directors have sold out
their stock and now want to buy back again cheap, that
President McLane is working into their hands by making
thing's look as black as possible,.that the
PACIFIC WATT. RING
may humbug innocent stockholders and make money.
The talk is that The Revolution ought to show up
this Pacific Mail crowd of
EMINENT ANGLO-AMERICAN BANKERS,
and how-they, work things all for their own interest and
that of Great Britain. The talk is about the great rush
into
GOVERNMENTS, CENTRAL PACIFIC AND UNION PA-
CIFIC
railroad bonds, that the stock-men are all leaving off
dealing in railway shares and are going into govern-
ments. that
GOVERNMENTS ARE GOING UP
ten or fifteen per cent, in the course of the next few
months, and that a
SMASH ON THE STOCK MARKET
may come on any day. The talk is that the cliques are
trying to get people to sell short in order
TO TWIST THEM
as they find it hopeless to get them to bny long. The
talk is that the miscellaneous shares are
SCARCELY WORTH
washing, that nobody touches them or deals in them.
The talk is that
TOBIN STUCK ALL
his friend9 in Pacific Mail and got out handsomely by
selling when be told them confidentially to buy. The
talk is that
SWEET WILLIAM,
wh en he comes back from Chicago, is going to take
ST. HUMPHREY DAVYS ADVICE
and distribute puts fora thousand shares in Bock
Island among the
BALLET GIRLS OF THE BLACK CROOK


368
"SIit §
they entertained at their banquet last week, upon condi-
tion that they get their friends to buy long against them.
Sweet William says something has got to be done, and
MIGHTY QUICK, TOO,
and he thinks there may be chips in this for the clique,
and bo is quite sure there ain't for anybody else. The
talk is that it don't look well for
CONTINENTAL MURDOCK
and other highly respectable bank officials to mix them-
selves up with stockjobbing cliques like this Bock Island
affair, as it hurts credit, and that the
BANK OF COMMERCE
did a wise thing when it suggested to
TYCOON RUSSELL
to resign after the scandal of his making a
pawnbrokers shop
of that bank. Is
CONTINENTAL MURDOCK
going to resign like Tycoon Russell. It would not hurt
the bank.
THE MONET MARKET
Is without change, easy at 3 to 4 per cent, on govern-
ments and 4 to 5 per cent, on stock collaterals. Prime
discounts are 5 to 6 per cent, and others 6 to 6%. The
weekly hank statement is favorable to increased ease,
the legal tenders being $3,188,276 more than that re-
ported last week, and the deposits $4,342,691. The loans
are increased $5,614,877 and the specie is decreased $3,-
632,557.
The following table shows the changes in the Now
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
May 30th June 6th Differences.
Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Legal-tenders,
$268,177,400
17,861,088
33,145,606
204,746,962
65,633,753
$273,792,367 Inc. $5,614,877
14,828,531 Dec. 3,532,567
*34,188,139 Inc. 42,553
209,089,655 Inc. 4,342,691
68,822,028 Inc. 3,188,275
THE GOLD MARKET
was strong throughout the week, owing to the large ex-
ports of specie, the price, however, of this Saturday is
about Ibo same as that of last week 139% to 139%.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows .* Opening.
Saturday, 30, 139%
Monday, 1, 139%
Tuesday, 2, 139%
Wednesday, 3, 140
Thursday, 4, 140
Friday, 5, 139%
Saturday, 6, 139%
Monday, 8, 139%
Highest. Lowest Closing.
139% 139% 139%
139% 139% 139%
140% . 139% 140%
140% 139% 140%
140% 140 140
140 139% 139%
139% 139% 139%
139% 139% 139%
the foreign exchange market
is quiet but steady at the specie shipping rates, as few
commercial bills are making and bankers have to cover
with specie or bonds. Prime bankers 60 days sterling
bils are quoted 110% to 110.% and sight 110% to 110%.
Francs on Paris long 5-13% to 5-12% and short 5-10% to
5-10.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
is dull and prices are irregular, caused by clique mani-
pulations. Bock Island advanced to 104 upon receipt of
the news that the clique had made arrangements with
the managers to stop all law suits and agreed to the build-
ing of the road to Council Bluffs. Fort Wayne fell from
116% to 108% and advanced again to 112%. The
market is unsettled and operators are afraid either to
sell or buy.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 60% to 50% ; Boston W. P., 22 to 22%;
Cumb. Coal, 33% to 35 ; Wells, Fargo & Co., 26 to 26% ;
American Express, 53% to 64%; Adams Express, 57%
to 58 ; United-States Express, 65% to 56 > Merchants
Union Express, 28% to 28% ; Quicksilver, 27 to 27% ;
Mariposa, 5 to 6 ; do. preferred, 8 to 8% ; Pacific
Mail, 95% to 95% ; Atlantic Mail, 81 to 33 ; W. U. Tel.,
88% to 38 % ; New York Central, 134% to 134% ; Erie,
70% to 70% ; preferred, 75 to 76% ; Hudson River, 142
to H2% ;Beading, 94%to 94% jTol. W. & W., 60% to,61 ;
preferred, 69% to 70% ; Mil. & St. P., 66 to 66% preferred
78% to 79 ; Ohio & M. C. 80% to 30% ; Mich. Ceu.,
120 to 121; Mlcli. South, 90% to 90%; 111. Central,
155 to 155%; Cleveland & Pittsburg, 88% to 88%;
Cleveland & Toledo, 109% to 109% ; Rock Island, 104% to
104%; North Western, 69% to 69% preferred, 81% to
82; Fort Wayne, 110% to 111.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are strong and the investment demand in them is in-
creasing and prices are tending steadily upwards.
Fisk & Hatch, 6 Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Registered, 1881, 111% to 112% ; Coupon, 1881,116%
to 116%; 5-20 Registered, 1862, 108% to 109; 6-20
Coupon, 1862, 112% to 118% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 110%
to 110% ; 6-2U Coupon, 1865, 110% to 110%; 5-20 Cou-
pon, Jan. and July, 1865, 113 to 118% ; 5-20 Coupon,
1867, 113% to 112%; 10-40 Registered, 105% to 106% ;
10-40 Coupon, 106 to 106% ; June, 7-30, 109% to
109% ; July, 7-30, 109% to 109%; August Compounds,
1865, 118% ; Sept, do., 118 ; October do., 117%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for tbe week were $1,905,007 in gold against $2,258,-
144, $2,184,880, and $2,404,097 for tho preceding
weeks. The imports of merchandise for the week were
$4,259,340 against $5,636,667, $3,470,371 and 5,773,261
for the preceding weeks. Tbe exports, exclusive of
specie, were $2,692,824, in currency, against $3,657,621*
$4,035,781 and $3,434,535 for the preceding weeks..
The exports of specie were $3,575,594. against $4,211,-
723, $3,947,638, $3,150,457 and $3,686,394 for the pre-
ceding weeks.
600 MILES
OF TEE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Sixty miles of track
have been laid this spring, and the work along the whole-
line between the Atlantic and Pacific States is being
pushed forward more rapidly than ever before. More
than twenty thousand men are employed, and it is not
impossible that the entire track, from Omaha to Sacra-
mento, will be finished in 1869 instead of 1870. The
means provided axe ample, and all that energy, men and
money can do to seoure the completion of this
GREAT NATIONAL WORK,
at the earliest possible day, will be done.
The UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY receive :,
I_A GOVERNMENT GRANT of tbe right of way, and
all necessary timber and other materials found along
the line of Its operations. ,
II.A GOVERNMENT GBANT-of 12,800 acres of land to
the mile, taking in alternate sections on each side of
its road.. This is an absolute donation, and will be a
source of large revenue in the future.
in.A GOVERNMENT GRANT of United States Thirty-
year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to $48,000 per
mile, according to tbe difficulties to be surmounted on
the various sections to' be built. Tbe Government
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest* but the principal amount
may be paid in services rendered by the Company in
transporting troops, mails, etc. The interest is now
much more than paid in this way, besides securing a
great saving in time and money to the Government.
IV. A GOVERNMENT GRANT of the right to issue its
own FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS, to aid in building
the road, to the same amount as tbe U. S. Bonds,
issued for the same purpose, and no more.' The Gov-
ernment Permits the Trustees for the First Mortgage
Bondholders to deliver the Bonds to the Company only
as the road is completed, and after it has been ex-
amined by United States Commissioners and pro-
nounced to be in all respects a first-class Railroad, laid
with a heavy T rail, and completely supplied with
depots, stations, turnouts, car shops, locomotives,
cars, etc.
V. A CAPITAL STOCK SUBSCRIPTION from the stock-
holders, of which over Eight Million Dollars have been
paid in npon the work already done, and which will be
increased as the wants of the Company require.
VI. NET CASH EARNINGS on its Way Business, that
already amount to more than the interest on the
First Mortgage Bonds. These earnings are no indica-
tion of tbe vast through traffic that must follow the
opening of tbe line to the Pacific, but they certainly
prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BON'bs
upon such a property, costiug nearly three times their
amount,
ARE SECURE BEYOND ANY CONTINGENCY.
The Company have abundant means in their treasury,
and make no appeal to the public to purchase their
Bonds, as (he daily subscriptions are entirely satisfactory;
hut they submit that, for entire security and liberal
retains, there is certainly .no better investment in the
market.
The Union Pacific Bonds are for $1,000 each, and have
coupons attached. They have thirty years to run, and
bear annual interest, payable on the first days of Janu-
ary and July at the Companys Office in the City of New
York, at the rate of six per cent, in gold. The Principal
is payable in gold at maturity. At the present rate of
gold, these bonds pay an annual income on their cost of
NEARLY NINE PER CENT.,
AND IT IS BELIEVED THAT THEY MAY SOON BE
AT A PREMIUM.
The Company reserve the right to advance the price to
a rate above par at any time, and will not fill any orders
or receive any subscriptions on which the money has
not be&n actually paid at the Company's office before
the time of such advance. Subscriptions will be re-
ceived in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in drafts or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868-has just been pub-
lished by tbe Company, giving fuller information than
is possible in an advertisement, respecting the Progress
of Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
May 25, 1868. New York:
JL. HARLEM,
Manufacturer of
PINE SILVER-PLATED WARE,
Including
. ICE PITCHERS,
TEA SETS, COFFEE URNS,
FRUIT AND BERRY DISHES, SALVERS,
TABLE AND BREAKFAST CASTORS,
CAKE BASKETS, BUTTER DISHES,
CUPS, GOBLETS, PICKLE STaNDS, FLOWER VASES,
KNIVES, FORKS, SPOONS,
&c., &c.
Full weight of silver guaranteed.
Hotels and restaurants furnished on liberal terms.
Orders by mail promptly executed.
74 Maiden Lane, near William street.
ESTABLISHED IN 1857.
BEAT NATIONAL PAINTING.
THE NEW REPUBLIC,
OR,
EMANCIPATION.
A splendid Allegorical picture by the celebrated artist,
Ferdinand Pauwls, Professor of the Academy at Weimar
On exhibition at the ART GALLERY, 845 Broadway,
N. Y., from 9 A. M. t > 10 P. M. 21-24
JpARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New Forkf City, near tbe Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
196m.
HATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line..............*........20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line..................18 cents.
Three Months' insertion, per line................16 cents.


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