Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
*
principle, not policy: justice, not favors.men, their rights and nothi'ng more: women, their rights and nothing less.
VOL. I.NO. 24.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1868. single$oopoRcekts.
C|)t ilriinliitinii.
*. # ; 1
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, J ^aitors*
.SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
TAMMANY BALL AND SUSAN S.
ANTHONY.
At a meeting of the Executive Commit-
tee of the Ameiican Equal Eights Associa-
tion, held June 8th, Susan B. Anthony
was appointed a delegate to the Democratic
Convention, to be held in this city on the 4th
of July. A resolution was moved by Theodore
Tilton, seconded by Edwin A. Studwell, and
unanimously adopted. Seeing that the Chicago
Convention gave the women of the nation the
cold shoulder, and fell from grace on the ques-
tion of suffrage, we trust that Susan B.
Anthony may have a respectful hearing in the
Democratic Convention, and that they "may
wisely adopt the platform of universal suffrage,
without distinction of sex or color. As this
action of the Executive Committee of the
American Equal Eights Association, has
called out extensive comments both in public
and private, we give these of the press:
From the N. Y. World, June 10th.
Yesterday the American Equal Rights Association
held a meeting, at which Mrs. E. Oady Stanton, Mrs.
Lucy Stone, Mr. H. B. Blackwell,- Oliver Johnson and
Theodore Tilton were present. On motion of Theodore
Tilton, a resolution was adopted appointing Miss Susan
B. Anthony a delegate at large to the National Demo-
cratic Convention to press upon the delegates the pro-
priety of embracing woman suffrage within their re-
solves. It was understood at the meeting, and will be
understood by the public, that this movement pledges
these former radicals to the support of the action of the
Convention upon whose attention they labor to impress
their peculiar principles.
From the N. Y. Tribune, June 11th.
There has been some sparring lately between the
Equal Rights Association and The Revolution."
The editors of that journal have been accused of going
over to the democracy., At a meeting of the Equal
Rights Association recently, on motion of Theodore
Tilton, the following resolution was adopted, amid
much laughter:
Whereas, Miss Susan B. Anthony, through published
writings in The Revolution," has given the world
to understand that the hope of the Womans Rights
cause rests more largely with the democratic party than*
with any other portion oi the people ; therefore,
Resolved, That Miss Anthony be requested to attend
tbe approaching National Democratic Convention in New
^ork, July 4th, for tbe purpose of fulfilling this cheerful
hope, by securing, in the democratic platform, a recog-
nition of womans right to the elective franchise. <
A curious feature of the present campaign was the
meeting recently of the American Equal Rights Associa-
tion, including the leading advocates of woman suffrage,
and the appointment by them of Miss Susan B. Anthony
as delegate at large for the women oi the United States
to the Democratic National Convention to press upon
the delegates the propriety of embracing woman suffrage
within their resolves. As there is an immediate
prospect of suoh a resolution being adopted by the
Democratic Convention, and of the skies falling at about
the same time, a large number of larks will undoubtedly
be caught. Lot every advocate of womans rights there-
fore be ready for a lark.
From the N. Y. Sun, June 11th.
THEODORE TILTON COMMITTED TO THE DEMOCRATIC
CAUSE.
*
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Equal
Rights Association, held in New York, Monday, June 8,
the following resolution was offered by Theodore Tilton,
and unanimously adopted
Whereas, Miss Susan B, Anthony, through various.
published writings in The Revolution, has given
the world ,to understand that the hope of the Womans
Rights cause rests more largely with the democratic
party than with any other portion of the people;
therefore,
Resolved, That Miss Anthony be requested to attend
the approaching National Democratic Convention in
New York, July 4, for the purpose uf fulfilling this cheer-
ful hope by securing, in the Democratic platform, a re-
cognition of womans right to the elective franchise.
The American Equal Rights Association, whose
special organ in the daily press now seems to he.the
World, held a meeting on Tuesday in their rooms in
the World building, and, on motion of Mr. Theodore
Tilton, appointed Miss Susan B. Anthony as a delegate
to the approaching National Democratic Convention, to
urge upon that body the adoption of a resolve in favor
of womans suffrage as a part of the democratic creed.
We understand that Miss Anthony will occupy a seat
on the platfcrm of the Convention, and will be heard on
tbe subject of her appointment. This is another illustra-
tion of the fact, to which we have of late repeatedly had
to call attention, that the democracy is once more be-
coming a jparty of progress and ideas, such as it used
to be in the old days of Locofocoism and Gen. Jack-
son.
Everybody wonders if Miss Susan B. Anthony will
actually go into the National Democratic Convention as
the representative of the women's suffrage movement.
We are authorised to say that she will, even if she goes
alone. But she would prefer to have an escort; and if
Theodore Tilton, after nominating her as a delegate,
shall decline the honor of attending her, she hopes to
get George Francis Train home in season to serve her
In that capacity*
From the.N. Y. Evening Express, dune 11th.
, WOMANS RIGHTS, ETC.
A curious feature of the present campaign was the
meeting recently of the American Equal Rights Associa-
tion, including the leading advocates of woman suffrage,
and the appointment by them of Mrs. E. Cady Stanton
as delegate at large for the women of the United States
to the Democratic National Convention, to press upon
the delegates the propriety of embracing woman suffrage
within their resolves. As there is an immediate pros-
pect of such a resolution being adopted by the Demo-
cratic Convention, and the skies foiling at about the same
time, a large number of larks will undoubtedly be caught
Let every advocate/ of womans rights therefore be
ready for a lark. Tribune.
If the Radical Convention at Chicago let in negroes
as delegates, and expressed no objection to negro Suf-
frage, many people will think it would be a hard matter
if oneonly onewhite woman could not be let into
the Democratic Convention. If Sambo, Cuffee, Pom-
pey, Crosax and the Carpet Baggers are good enough
to keep company with Grant and Colfax, surely Mrs.
E. C. Stanton is good enough (is she not, Mr. Trib, f)
to have a seat in Tammany Hall.
The Sun, more chivabie than the Tribune, tells Miss
Anthouy not to be bashful, but to go in, The
editor says :
We understand that Miss Anthony will, occupy a
seat on the platform of the Convention, and will be
heard on the subject other appointment.
FREE RELIGIOUS CONVENTIONS.
The new religious movement makes another
platform, though it is to be feared more form,
than plat. So far, it has been managed in a way
to make a priesthood essential to its existence,
inevitable to its propagation. At the recent
Convention in Boston the preliminaries were all
settled and the exercises nearly all controlled as
well as conducted by recognized ministers. To
our eye, it was pulpit and people, if not abso-
lutely pulpit 'versus people. There was much
of what is called speaking, along with too much
that was dull in delivery and dull, or worse, in
sentiment. It was both concealment and com-
promise. And then the people all the while
were made to feel that eloquence and beauty
belonged to the platform and the pulpit, and
that religion was more in sound than sense, in
words than deeds. Doubtless, many in the au-
dience, both women and men, would have given
all of life to be able to shine on the platform as
did a few in that convention, who are every day
living better speeches, laboring sublimer poems
than Cipero ever spoke, or Homer sung. One
man asked another, Did you ever read the
Pilgrims Progress? No, was the answer,
but I am making it; which was better than
reading. What is eloquence or poetry but cele-
bration of noble actions done, or prophecy of
what shall be done ? To celebrate heroes is
well, but to live heroes is better. There was
one John Brown, but what oratorios sound his
praises; one Washington with generations to
honor ; one Christ, but who can tell the num-
ber of his worshippers? But in platform or
pulpit gatherings we exalt not virtue, but him
who prates best upon or praises virtue. An
eloquent and ephoded priest at the altar would
receive honor and reverence of the multitude,
while the humble publican who dared not ap-
proach the holy of holies, and the poor widow
with her two mites in charity, would pass with-
out observation. So, doubtless, is it in every
congregation of worshippers. The world yet
fails to distinguish between the hero and his
admirers. It costs less and pays more, in a
worldly point of view, to be a poet or an orator
in words than in deeds. The author of the
famous old Hail Columbia song, it is said,
wrote it under the inspiration of brandy as well
as genius,'and closed with the seventh verse.
His work, as he read it, was of course admired,
but he was told that he had omitted wholly the
name of Washington. He saw it, and said,
bring me more brandy. Then he wrote ;
Should the tempest of war overshadow our laud,
Its bolts could ueer rend Freedoms temple asunder ;
For unmoved at Its portal would Washington stand,
And repulse with his breast the assault of its thunder
His sword from the sleep of its scabbard would leap,
And conduct with its point every flash to the deep ;
For neer shall the sons of Columbia be slaves.
While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its waves.
It required the audience to suggest the name
of the hero of the song. Before, it was but
Hamlet with Hamlet omitted. The aid of
V


/
370 t
W%t
strong drink was invoked and tb work of the
poet was done. With the aid of genius, an au-
dience and St. Cognac, a hero and his work got
celebrated. But the work of the hero and his
few brave co-workers was quite another pro-
duct. They were the solid, sublime power;
the substance. The other was but the shadow
and song.
It is time the great impassable gulf be-
twixt platform and people, pulpit and congre-
gation was closed up forever. Even the
brokerage in Lyceum lectures has grown in its
prices to downright extortion, constituting a
new aristocracy. Ministers preach, lecturers
vociferate, sometimes to purpose, sometimes
not, but the people applaud, pay and praise,
and all seem satisfied, except the few who mis-
take most in supposing the orator is something,
is indeed everything, because he can make
speeches or sermons, and that they are nothing,
because they cannot. In that Free Religious
Convention in Boston were quiet, humble men,
and womeu who write no poems, preach no
sermons, make no orations, hold no offices and
claim no distinctions, whose daily lives and
work are sermons shaming all pulpits; poems
beautiful as Mount Zion ; orations diviner than
ever charmed the senates of Greece and Rome.
They are the very underpinning of society itself.
Without them the world could not stand.
p. p.
THE RIGT8 OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECBAPT1790.
CHAPTER I.
THE EIGHTS AND INVOLVED DUTIES OP MTBIND
CONSIDERED.
In the present state of society,.it appears necessary
' to go back to first principles in search of the most
simple truths, and to dispute with some prevailing pre-
judice every inch of ground. To clear my way, I must
be allowed to ask some plain questions, and the answers
will probabiy appear as unequivocal as the axioms on
which reasoning is built ; though, then eataugled with
various motives of action, they are formally contradicted,
either by the words or conduct of men.
In what does mans pre-eminence ov.er the brute
creation consist? The answer is as clear as that a
half is less than the whole ; in Beason.
What acquirement exalt one being above another?
Virtue ; we spontaneously reply.
For what purpose were the passions' implanted ?
That man by struggling with them might attain a degree
of knowledge denied to the brutes : whispers Experi-
ence.
Consequently the perfection of our nature and. capa-
bility of happiness, must be estimated by the degree of
reason, virtue and knowledge, that distinguish the
individual, and direct the laws which bind society;
and that from the exercise of reason, knowledge and
virtue naturally flow, is equally undeniable, if mankind
be viewed collectively.
The rights and duties of man thus simplified, it seems
almost impertinent to attempt to illustrate truths that
appear so incontrovertible ; yet such deeply rooted
prejudices have clouded reason, and suoh spurious
qualities have assumed the name of virtues, that it is
necessary to pursue the course of reason as it has been
perplexed and involved in error, by various adventitious
circumstances, comparing the simple axiom with casual
deviations.
Men, in general, seem to employ their reason to jus-
tify prejudices, which the} have imbibed, thej cannot
trace how, rather than to root them out. The mind
must be strong that resolutely forms its own principles i
for a kind of intellectual cowardice prevails which makes
many men shrink from the task, or only do it by halves.
Yet imperfect conclusions thus drawn, are frequently
very plausible, because they are built on partial experi-
ence, on just, though narrow views.
Going back to first principles, vice skulks, with all its
native deformity, from close investigation ; but a set of
shallow roasoners are always exclaiming that these argu-
ments prove too much, and that a measure rotten at the
core may be expedient. Thus expediency is contin ually
contrasted with simple principles, till truth is lost in a
mist of words, virtue in forms, and knowledge rendered
a sounding nothing, by the specious prejudices that
assume its name.
That the society is formed in the wisest manner, whose
constitution is founded oo the nature of man, strikes, in
the abstract, every thinking being so forcibly, that it
looks like presumption to endeavor to bring forward
proofs ; though proof must be brought, or the strong-
hold of prescription will never be forced by reason ;
yet to urge prescription as an argument to justify the
depriving men (or women) of their natural rights, is one
of the absurd sophisms which daily insult common
sense.
The civilization of the bulk ot the people of Europe,
is very partial; nay, it may be made a question, whether
they have acquired any virtues in exchange for inno-
cence, equivalent to the misery produced by the vices
that have been plastered over unsightly ignorance, and
Nthe freedom which has been bartered for splendid
slavery. The desire of dazzling by riches, the most
certain pre-eminence that man can obtain, the pleasure
of commanding flattering sycophants, and many other
complicated, low calculations of doting self-love, have
all contributed to overwhelm the mass of mankind,
and make liberty a convenient handle for mock patriot-
ism. For whilst rank and titles are held of the utmost
importance, before which Genius must bide its dimin-
ished head, it is, with a few exceptions, very unfortu-
nate for a nation when a man of abilities, "without rank
or property, pushes himself forward to notice. Alas I
what unheard of misery have thousands suffered to
purchase a cardinals hat for an intriguing, obscure ad-
venturer, who longed to be ranked with princes, or
lord it over them by seizing the triple crown I
Such, indeed, has been the wretchedness that has
flowed from hereditary honors, riches, and monarchy,
that men of lively sensibility have almost uttered blas-
phemy in order to justify the dispensations of Providence.
Man has been held out as independent of bis power who
made him, or as a lawless planet darting from its orbit
to steal the celestial fire of reason; and the vengeance
of heaven, lurking in the subtile flame, sufficiently
punished his temerity by introducing evil into the
world.
Impressed by this view of the misery and disorder
which pervaded society, and fatigued*with jostling
against artificial fools, Kousseau became enamored of
solitude, and, being at the same time an optimist, he
labors with uncommon eloquence to prove that man
was naturally a solitary animal. Misled by his respect
for the goodness of God, who certainly, for what man
of sense and .feeling can doubt it I gave life only to
communicate happiness, he considers evil as positive,
/ and the work of man } not aware that he was exalting
one attribute at the expense of another, equally neces-
sary to divine perfection.
Beared on a false hypothesis, his arguments in favor
of a state of nature are plausible, but unsound. I say
unsound; for to assert that a state ot nature is. prefer-
able to civilization in all its possible perfection, is, in
other words, to arraign supreme wisdom; and the
paradoxical exclamation, that God has made all things
right, and that evil has been introduced by the creature
whom he formed, knowing what he ^formed, is as un-
philosophical as impious.
When that wise Being, who created us and placed us
here, saw the fair idea, he willed, by allowing it
to be so, that the passions should unfold our reason,
because be could see that present evil would produce
future good. Could the helpless creature whom he call-
ed from nothing, break loose from his providence, and
boldly learn to know good by practising evil without bis
permission ? No. How could that energetic advocate
for immortality argue so inconsistently ? Had mankind
remained forever in the brutal state of nature, which
even his magic pen cannot paint as a state in which a
single virtue took root, it would have been clear, though
not to the sensitive, unreflecting wanderer, that man was
born to run the circle of life and death, and adorn Gods
garden for some purpose which could not easily be re-
conciled with his attributes.
But if, to crown the whole, there were to be rational
creatures produced, allowed to rise in excellency by the
exercise of powers implanted for that purpose? if
benignity itself thought fit to call into existence a
creature above the brutes, who could think and improve
himself, why should that inestimable gilt, for a gift it
was, if man was so created as to have a capacity to rise
above the state in which sensation produced brutal ease,
be called, in direct terms, a curse ? A curse it might be
reckoned, if all our existence was bounded by our con-
tinuance in this world; for why should the gracious
fountain of life give us passions, and the power of reflect-
^
ing, only to embitter our days, and inspire us with mis-
taken notions of dignity ? Why should he lead us from
love of ourselves to the sublime emotions which the dis-
covery of his wisdom and goodness excites, if these
feelings were not set in motion to improve our nature, of
which they make a part, and render us capable of onj ey-
ing a more godlike portion of happiness ? Firmly per-
suaded that no evil exist in the world that God did not
design to take place, I build my belief on the perfection
of God.
Bousseau exerts himself to prove, that all was right
originally: a cijowd of authors that all is now right :
and I, that all will be right
But, true to his first position, next to a state of nature,
Bousseau celebrates barbarism, and, apostrophising
the shade of Fabricius, he forgets that, in conquering
the world, the Romans never dreamed of establishing
their own liberty on a firm basis, or of extending the
reign of virtue. Eager to support his system, he stigma-
tizes, as vicious, every effort of genius ; and uttering
the apotheosis of savage virtues, he exalts those to demi
gods who were scarcely humanthe brutal Spartans,
who, in defiance of justice and gratitude, sacrificed in
cold blood the slaves that had showed themselves men
to rescue their oppressors.
Disgusted with artificial manners and virtues, the
citizen of Geneva, instead of properly sifting the subject,
threw away the wheat with the chaff, without waiting to
inquire whether the evils, which his ardent soul turned
from indignantly, were the consequence of civilization,
or the vestiges of barbarism. He saw vice trampling on
virtue, and the semblance of goodness taking place of
the reality; be saw talents bent by power to sinistra
puposes, and never thought of tracing the gigantic mis-
chief up to arbitrary power, up to the hereditary distinc-
tions that clash with the mental superiority that naturally
raises a man above his fellows. He did not perceive
that the regal power, in a few generations, introduces
idiotism. into the noble stem, and holds out baits to
render thousands idle and vicious.
- Nothing can set the regal character in a more con-
temptlb e point of view, than the various crimes that
have elevated men to the supreme dignity. Vile in-
trigues, unnatural crimes, and every vice that degrades
our nature, have been the steps to this distinguished
eminence ; yet millions of men have, supinely allowed
the nerveless- limbs of the posterity of such rapacious
prowlers, to rest quietly on their ensanguined thrones.
What but a pestilential vapor can hover over society,
when its chief director is only instructed in the inven-
tion of crimes, or the stupid routine of childish cere-
monies ? Will men never be wise? will they never
cease to expect corn from tares and figs from thistles ?
It is impossible for any man, when the most favorable
circumstances concur, to acquire sufficient knowledge
and strength of mind to discharge the duties of a king, -
entrusted' with uncontrolled power; how then must
they be violated when liis very elevation is an insuper-
able bar to the attainment of- either wisdom or virtue ;
when all the feelings of a man are stifled by flattery,
and reflection shut out by pleasure I Surely it is mad-
ness to make the fate of thousands depend on the
caprice of a weak fellow-creature, whose very station
sinks him necessarily below the meanest of his subjects!
But one power should not be thrown down to exalt an-
otherfor all power intoxicates weak man ; and its
abuse proves, that the more equality there is established
among men, the more virtue and happiness will reign
in society. But this, and any similar xhaxim deduced
from simple reason, raises an outcrythe church or the
state is in danger, if faith in the wisdom of antiquity is
not implicit; and they who, roused by the sight of hu-
man calamity, dare to attack human authority, are re- -
viled as despisers of God, and enemies of man. These
are bitter calumnies, yet they reached one of the best
of men,* whose ashes still preach peace, and whose
memory demands a respectful pause, when subjects
are discussed that lay so near his heart.
After attacking the sacred majesty of kings, I shall
scarcely excite surprise, by adding my firm persuasion,
that every profession, in which great subordination of
rank constitutes its power, is highly injurious to moral-
ity.
A standing army, for instance, is incompatible with
freedom; because subordination and rigor are the
very sinews of military discipline; and despotism is
necessary to give vigor to enterprises that one will
directs.. A spirit inspired by romantic notions of honor,
a kind of morality founded on the fashion of the age,
can only be felt by a few officers, whilst the main body
must be moved by command, like the waves of the sea ;
for the strong wind of authority pushes the crowd of
* Dr. Price,


subalterns forward, they scarcely know or care why,
with headlong fury.
Besides, nothing can bo so prejudicial to the morals
of the inhabitants of country towns, as the occasional
residence of a set of idle, superficial young men, whoso
only occupation is gallantry, and whose polished mau-
ners render vice more dangerous, by concealing its
deformity under gay ornamental drapery, An air of
fashion, which is but a badge of slavery, and proves that
the soul has not a strong individual character, awes
simple country people into an imitation of the vices,
when they cannot catch the slippery graces of politeness.
Every corps is a chain of despots, who, submitting and
tyrannizing without exercising their reason, become dead
weights of vioe and folly on the community. A man of
rank or fortune, sure of rising by interest, has nothing
to do but to pursue some extravagant freak ; whilst the
needy gentleman who is to rise, as the phrase turns, by
his merit, becomes a servile parasite or vile panderer.
Sailors, the naval gen tlemen, come under the same
description, only their vices assume a different and gros-
ser cast. They are more positively indolent, when not
discharging the ceremonials of tbeir station ; whilst the
insignificant fluttering of soldiers may be termed active
idleness. More confined to the society, of men, the
former acquire a. fondness for humor and mischievous
tricks; whilst the latter, mixing frequently with well-
bred women, catch a sentimental cant. But mind is
equally out of the question, wether they indulge the
horse-laugh or polite simper.
May I be allowed to extend the comparison to a pro-
fession where more mind is certainly to be found ; for
the clergy have superior opportunities of improvement,
though subordination almost equally cramps their facul-
ties? The blind submission imposed at college to forms
of belief, serves as a noviciate to the curate who most
obsequiously respects the opinion of his rector or patron,
if he means to rise in his profession. Perhaps there
cannot be a more forcible contrast than between tbe
servile, dependent gait of a poor curate, and the courtly
mien of a bishop. And the respect and contempt they in-
spire render the discharge of their separate functions
equally useless.
It is of great importance to observe, that tbe character
of every man is,-in some degree, formed by his profes-
sion. A man of sense may only have a cast of counte-
nance that wears off as you trace his individuality,
whilst the weak, common man has scarcely ever any
character, but what belongs to the body ; at least, all
his opinions have been so steeped in the fruit consecra-
ted by authority, that the faint spirit which the grape of
his own vine yields cannot he distinguished.
Society, therefore, as it becomes more enlightened,
should be very careful not to establish bodies of men
who must necessarily be made foolish or vicious by the
very constitution of their profession.
In the iniancy of society, when men were just
emerging out of barbarism, chiefs and priests, touching
the most powerful springs of savage conducthope and
fearmust have had unbounded sway. An aristocracy,
of course, is naturally the first form of government.
But clashing interests soon losing their equipoise, a mon-
archy and hierarchy break out of the confusion of ambi-
tious struggles, and the foundation of both is secured
by feudal tenures. This appears to be the origin of
monarchical and priestly power, and the dawn of civiliza-
tion. But such combustible materials cannot long be
pent up ; and getting vent in foreign wars and intestine
insureetions, the people acquire some power in the
tumult, which obliges their rulers to gloss over their op-
pression with a show of right. Thus, as wars, agricul-
ture, commerce, and literature expands the mind, des-
pots are compelled, to make covert corruption hold fast
the power which was formerly snatched by open force.*
And this baneful lurking gangrene is mostquickly spread
by luxury and superstition, the sure dregs of ambition.
The indoleut puppet of a court first becomes a luxurious
monster, or fastidious sensualist, and then makes the
contagion which his unnatural state spreads, the instru-
ment of tyranny.
It is the pestiferous purple which renders the progress
of civilization a ourbe, and warps tt^e understanding,
till men of sensibility doubt whether the expansion of
intellect produces a greater portion of happiness or
misery. But the nature of the poison points out the
antidote ; and had Rousseau mounted one step higher in
his inv. stigation ; or could his eye have pierced through
the foggy atmosphere, which he almost disdained to
*Men of abilities scatter seeds that grow up, and
have a great influence on the forming opinion; and
when once the public opinion preponderates through
the exertion of reason, the overthrow of arbitrary power
is not very distant,
fWvflltttifltt.
breathe, his active mind would have darted forward to
contemplate the perfection of man in the establishment
of true civilization, instead of taking his ferocious flight
back to the night of sensual ignorance.
(To be Continued.)
WHAT THE PRESS SAYS OF US.
From the Commercial Advertiser, New York.
The Revolution.This paper, the organ of the
Women Suffrage movement, and edited by Mrs. Stauton
and Parker Pillsbury, lias now reached the age of five
months, and is as lively a child as was ever reared. It
is independent, chatty, personal .and intensely self-con-
scious. Its notices from the press, both good and bad,
it parades and commenls upon in. the spirit in which
they are uttered. It has a thoroughly Amazonian liking
for a fight.
And like all lively, willful children, everybody
is telling us-to subside. We have more sym-
pathy than ever with poor little Johnny,
whose fidgetty mother is continually saying
dont do this, don't do that, for every-
body seems to be in a state of chronic alarm
lest The Revolution should do or say
something it should not. One says, let poli-
tics alone ; just talk Womans Suffrage; as
if this demand, and ail the arguments to main-
tain it, did not lord us at once into that forbid-
den realm. Another says, for Heavens sake,
let political economy alone. What does a wo-
man know of finance, capital and labor, free
trade and protection ? Talk about womens
work and wages. Just as if woman, taxed to
pay the public debt, taxed for every foreign
product she eats and wears, and paying double
for. everything made at home, the victim of
monopolists, capitalists and bondholders equally
with man, should not inform -herself on all
these points. If woman knows nothing aboxit
these questions, then that is the very reason we
should discuss them in The Revolution.
Another says, do let the church alone ; as if
it were not our duty to give womans interpreta-
tion of Paul, and to demand her right to speak
and vote in the church. Another says, dont
touch the social question, dont unveil the
privacy of home, pray let there be something left
on the earth too sacred for comment in our daily
journals ; as if public peace and purity were not
wholly dependent on private virtue and strength.
It is only by unveiling the vices and abomina-
.tionsof our social life, and purifying the foun-
tains of our being, that we can build a stable gov-
ernment. Righteousness exalteth a nation.
We hope our honored friend, Mr. Weed, will not
think we fight for the love of it. He knows we
came from a most peaceable, law-abiding stock,
but if, to maintain freedom, fight is necessary,
why, then, we fight, and with the immortal Pa-
trick Henry we say, Give me liberty or give
me death. We publish the comments of the
press as a matter of history, for the women of the
next generation to see the crude notions that the
men of our day have on woman ; so let all those
editors who wish to stand well with the thinking
minds of the next century write themselves up, in
a clear, concise and able manner on this ques-
tion, and we will be happy to hand them down in
The Revolution, for if we are worthy the
attention of the Talleyrand of our age at five
months, what distinction may we not hope for
ourselves in five years to come.
From the Owego (N. Y.) Gazette. ^
The Revolution.Its speciality is Womans
Rights respecting voting and holding office; and it
must he confessed it is bringing ont some very ably
written and forcible arguments in favor of what it
claims to be the Rights of Woman. It is a neatly
printed and well-conducted paper, and however we may
differ with, some of its notions, we read it always with
interest, and wish it success.
371
We will venture to say that if you should un-
dertake to write out your opposing opinions, you
would convince yourself that The Revolu-
tion is sound iu all its opinions. Suppose
you try.
Prom the Argus and Patriot, Montpelier, Vt.
The Revolution has an able corps of editors, and
is really a sprightly paper. It is a very neatly printed
quarto, and the articles are remarkable for pith and pun-
gency. It is thoroughly independent ot everything
and everybody, and tells many truths respecting social
errors, and fooling fashions.
Verily, it takes an argus-eyed Patriot to scan
our many virtues. This independence of
everybody and everything, representing no
party, organization or sect is the secret of our
being sprightly, pithy and pungent, and yet
everybody is trying to clip our wings, and thus
leave us shorn of our strength. When a man
sits down to write, if, instead of saying what
he thinks himself, he stops to point out what
Brown, Smith and Jones think, knowing
that they will rap him over the head if he gels
outside the conventional leading strings, he
might as well not write at all, for these worthy
gentlemen only represent what has been said a
thousand times before. There Is no one thing
the age needs so much as the courage to think,
and utter what we think. We can hardly esti
mate the loss to human progress, in this slavery
of opinion to one another, in this wholesale*
blotting out of individual thought and judgment.
When we remember that the human mind is as
varied as the face, and that each soul is a com-
bination of powers and passions, such as never
has been before, and never will be again, we
see the vast importance of sacredly guarding
horn all danger and interference individual life,
thought and opinions. Remember the Jives
that are sacrificed to our ignorance, selfishness,
or cupidity, are bricks out of place in the
worlds architecture, that endanger alike the
capstone and the base, and ideas struggling for
utterance, that are repressed through fear of
ridicule and scorn, are broken links in the chain
of thought that make discord and contusion in
-all our lives.
_ From the Cleveland (Ohio) Evening Times.
The Revolution has a female reporter who is a
first-class short-hand writer, and who attends all public
meetings of importance. She is rather pretty withal,
and dresses neatly (debarring a shockingly bad hat) in
black, abhors hoops, and sports as handsome a shoe as
will be met in a days walk on Broadway.
Have you seen her pass that way ?
From the Tioga County Agitator, Willsboro, Pa.
The Revolution is a neatly printed and vigorously
conducted weekly journal. The object of this paper, as
stated in its motto, is above criticism, but is, we notice,
a shining mark for rididule. However, a perusal of the
leading articles and correspondence convinces us that
th e enterprise cannot be laughed down. The writers are
too much in earnest; they are too able ; they are too
well accustomed to ridicule to surrender to such a ioe.
We believe in the object of The Revolution.
Forgive him! the poor white male uses
ridicule because he has no argument.
There is no weapon more powerful than this.
With it the weakest hand can stab kings and
emperors. Napoleon,' though he conquered
Europe, was more afraid of Madame He Staels
bon mots than of the combined forces of Eng-
land, Russia and Austria, and yet a handful of
strong-minded American women have faced the
ridicule of the world for a quarter of a century
without wincing. Proof that they are in ear-
nest and that they do not stand alohe ; for they
whose feet are based on principle are linked
with the great and good of all ages, and God is
their Father.


372
From tho New Bedford (Conn.) Record.
The Revolution in the organ of the Womans
Bights* agitators. It urges the importance of female
suffrage with a pertinacity worthy of a better, or at least
more reasonable caused All the evils, fancied or real, to
which women are subjected, are laid to the charge of
mon who withhold from them the much desired suffrage.
What better cause is there than to decide the
status of a citizen of the republic, and what
more reasonable than the right to own yourself,
your children, your property and wages ?
Think again.
From the Olean (N. Y.) Times.
The Revolution, as its name indicates, is Radi-
cal" and Bcvolutionary in sentiment, that is to say, a
generation in advance of its time. Conservatism is
startled by its utterances, but men and women of con-
science, of thought and purpose, will roadily recognize
its mission, and approve its object. It contains sixteen
three-column pages weekly, teeming with livfe, glowing
coals of thought and deed. Two dollars per year.
If priests, politicians and a time-serving
press would Only take their heels from the
necks of the people, you would koon see that
the age is now ready tor our utterances. In-
stead of writing for your subscribers what you
think will please them, write what they should
know, what you think in your best moments,
when your soul rises above all worldly considera-
tions, and in communion with Great Nature
touches the Invisible, the Infinite. Why is it
that those who lead their age should always
* cheat the world of their best thoughts ? The
common saying that the people are not ready
for it is iraught with mischief. When God
gives any one of us a new truth, it is not ours
to keep but to utter, and if we are not faithful,
our souls are darkened, and truth finds other
messengers.
From the Peninsular Herald, Detroit, Mich.
The Revolution, as will readily be inferred from
the title and motto, is the organ of the Female Suffrage
movement which is now fast gaining favor among tho
thinking people of this country. Sin had plunged hu-
man nature to a fearful depth, and society rises to its
normal condition only by slow yet certain movements.
Woman, the first to fall, is the last to rise to the posses-
sion of all her natural rights and to her proper rank in
society. We cordially welcome The Revolution to
our exchange list, and cheerfully bid it good speed in its
mission of moral and political reform.
Woman, the mother of the race, must first
be lifted up before man can know his normal
condition, as in her degradation man has tasted
shame, and misery, and death, so in her exalta-
tion, shall he be regenerated and redeemed.
The very first step in the progress of mankind
lies in the education of women. So long as
she is ignorant and depraved, the march of civili-
zation is blocked by vice and superstition. We
think if the Peninsular will reconsider the crea-
tion, fall, and redemption of the race in the
light of science, he will see that the sexes are a -
simultaneous creation, and have kept side by
side in the gradual development of the species,
acting and reacting on each other. And in sub-
ordinating, women as he has, in the reign of
brute force, man has" equally degraded and per-
verted his own nature.
From the Androscogyin (Me.) Herald.
The Revolution" is a handsome paper, and is
edited with a great deal of energy and pluck.
From the N. Y. Independent*
It is with much surprise that we have noticed how
The Revolution, a journal which at first promised
to be more ihan commonly radical, has been lately
growing Conservative, Democratic, and Johnsonian.
For some time past its editorial columns have been per-
sistently advocating the return of tho rebel states to the
Union on the policy originally announced by Andrew
Johnson, and afterwards by the Cleveland Convention,
and Mr, Beechers letter to itthe polioy of not securing

any guarantees, in advance, for negro suffragethe
poicy of bringing in the states first, and settling the
suffrage question afterward. Its editorial columns have
also been inculcating what it calls educated suffrage ;
that is, suffrage based on ability to read and write-in
face of the fact that suffrage is itself the educatorand
in face of the fact that a nation which for two generations
made it a crime for a black man to possess a spelling
book, cannot, without mockery or meanness, compel that
black man to read before it permits him to vote. If
these editorial views, thus put forth by The Revolu-
tion, had not come from radical abolitionists, as Mrs.
Stanton and Mr. PiUsbury have heretofore been, we
would not now be so surprised. But we had a right to
expect of the Old Guard never to give up the battle.
It is always a pitiable sight when any of the old sentinels
on the watch-tower forget that the price of liberty is
eternal vigilance.N. 7. Independent
It is evident Mi*. Editor, that you read no
part of The Revolution but tbe prospectus,
and only tbe first word of that. If you bad
given quotations from our columns, to prove,
that we are growing Conservative, Demo-
cratic, Johnsonian, your readers would have
bad some proof ol tbe truth of your assertions, as
it is, they have your word for it, nothing-more.
WE AT TEE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
Oneida Castle, N. Y., June 1, 1868.
Dear Mbs. Stanton : You are discussing from week to
week the various phases of the woman question with so
much tact, facility, and courtesy too, doing a work which
we women are so glad to have done, that it seems almost
like ill-nature to criticise you. And how much easier
would it he for me to go down into the depths of human
suffering, and thereby help to awaken the sympathy of
your readers, than to perform So thankless a task. How
much pleasanter to dwell upon noble examples of hero-
ism, of which the world is full, upon patience and en-
durance all Divine, thus stimulating the determination
in the same direction in the minds of others. But as
yet I have felt constrained to address you on other
topics.
The Revolution must appear genuine, I am sure,
even to anointed eyes, it contains so much gold, worth
far more than 139% and all, too, for the genuine adorn-
ing of woman, and for the enriching of man with riches
incorruptible. But with so much to approve and to ad-
mire, I still see and lament what I term your uuphiloso-
phical claim for womanthat she shall be enfranchised
firstas yon say, educated women first, ignorant men
afterward. The recent action of Michigan and several
other states, denying suffrage to colored men, has forci-
bly brought this subj ect to my mind again ; and as con-
siderable time has elapsed since it was discussed in your
columns, will you allow me now to present a few ob-
jections to the doctrine you seek to establish.
Your very kind and pleasant reply to my first letter,
for which I thank you, contained a plausible defence of
your position, hut I thought, that in it, you abandoned
the ground of natural right, of absolute justice, and
reasoned from the stand-point of expediency. This was
mere noticeable from the fact that you have so long been
identified with a school that goes down to first princi-
ples, and troubles itself but little about the results of
right doing, leaving consequences to be settled by a
Higher Power.
You find the equilibrium of the world destroyed be-
cause man is everywhere so largely represented and wo-
man to so small an extent, and you address yourself to
l he work of restoring that equilibrium by enfranchising
woman first, seeming to forget that human freedom,
like the other great interests of mankind is a subject of
growth, of natural development, and belongs to an im- ;
mutable order of things. There are cases where free-
dom has grown so large as to bo an overmatch for op-
pression and the bonds are hut nominal. There are fetters
so nearly sundered that a slight blow will break them.
Shall we inquire if these kind men or women, and if the
former try to weld them anew that those of the latter
may be broken first?
Suppose it takes a generation to settle this woman
question (it will not, for tbe battle was half fought by the
abolitionists), shall the loyal, disfranchised men whose
right to the ballot is already in the arena of politics be
kept out of their inheritance all that time, because we
are despoiled of ours? Some of them are educated,
wealthy, living continually the lives of noble men, shall
we say to them, stand back, turn again into the rugged
paths of proscription l We forbid you to go up higher
because we cannot go I cannot for a moment imagine
you endorsing the recent repudiation of colored suffrage
by Connecticut, Ohio, and those states to which it has
beon submitted, and yet the result accords with your
philosophy. Womans claim to the ballot is not ripe for
settlement in those states at present, therefore must the
colored man still endure his degradation, still chafe at
the tyranny and injustice of his political oppressor.
Standing ou the broadest possible platform, and pro.
fessing tbe highest aims, embracing in,our philanthropy
the whole human race, how can we make any invidious
distinctions, or cast the slightest obstacle in the path of
any human soul struggling to be free. To do this would
be perpetuating the inconsistency of man whieh you so
justly deplore as in the case of DisraeJi at the present
time.
If I were discussing consequences instead of princi-
ples, I think I could show you that your doctrine carried
out would be most disastrous. First, it would check
the tide of emigration and materially injure the pros-
perity of the country, it would cripple and rotard the
cause of freedom all over the world, it would so deepen
the disaffection of the disfranchised classes that at length
their sense of wrong would naturally disclose itself in
fearful and sanguinary retribution. And all this without
any claim on their part that they should he first enfran-
chised, but simply that when the ballot seemed almost
within their grasp it was suddenly withdrawn, snatched
away by this new philosophy. Go now, in spring time, to
the hill-side or the woodland, and place your injunction
upon the bursting seeds and expanding flowersNot
another bud or blossom here until the royal queen of
summer shall come to bless the earth with her beauty
and her fragrance! Forbid the mission of the inven-
tive spirit of the age until perpetual motion can be discov-
ered, but do,not ask the Father with all the pride of man-
hood upon him, now goaded to madnessbythetrifling,
the indecision and selfishness of politicians, and then
waiting with sublime forbearance for the acknowledgment
of his right to the franchises of the government, do not
ask him that the day of his redemption be delayed, until
the badge of sovereignty can be bestowed upon his wife
and daughter, for the idea of their political freedom did
not take root so early as his, although its growthis vigor-
ous now.
You say it is womans first duty to break tbe yoke that
galls her own neck, and I would add that it is her .duty
at the same time to rfd herself of all responsibility for
the bondage of others. The Deity pours his blessing >
only into clean vessels. Womans first duty is to cul-
tivate in herself a spirit so true, not to woman, but to
humanity, that all will recognize its likeness to Him who
came to preach deliverance to the captive, and the open-
ing of prison doors, not to woman first, but alike to all
who are bound. If God planted inalienable rights in
every soul, among which is self-protection, represented
in this country by tbe ballot, what business have we to
withhold it for a moment from any one of mature age,
of either sex, or of any color or condition, on the ground
that such party or parties are already too largely repre-
sented, or indeed on any other ground, unless it has
been forfeited by high misdemeanor ?
The work obviously before us is a faithful testimony
against inequality, let it exist-where it maywherever
we see a chain, try to break it; wherever we see oppres-
sion, strive to crush it; rebuke tho spirit, of caste in high
places and in low places ; be ever vigilant and zealous in
behalf of liberal principles and individual rights, and
however much the state, the church, or the fireside may
seem to ignore our words or our work, yet the day of
emancipation will come to all, sooner or later, as it has
come to others, and the order of the procession to be
enfranchised, if I may he allowed such a figure, will
form, as in time past, in accordance with laws, not be
overcome or resisted. One may complain that it em-
braces too many white men, another too many colored
men, some that there are too many women, others too
many Irish and peoplo of other nationalities, those who
would be first may be last, and the last first, but there it
is, a fixed fact, no more to be changed than the procession
of the Equinoxes or the geological systems of the earth,
for it is an outgrowth of free principles, an expression
of the political and moral forces of the nation, just as
the others are expressions of terrestrial lorces. It mat-
ters not what is the immediate cause of the emancipa-
tion of any class, on the partof rulers, it may be policy or
principle, it may be craftiness, military necessity, fear of
an element of discontent, yet the times were ripe for
the change else it could not be established.
You appear to think that conferring the ballot upon
man would retard its bestowal upon woman. I cannot
see it in this light. On the other hand, a blow against
tyranny anywhere, is felt everywhere. The breaking of a
brothers bonds loosens our own. The triumph of


freedom over any form of intolerance and proscription
advances woman a step in the scale of being. And this
is true even though the class liberated may be the veriest
despots that ever lived. Was there no gain to the world
in Puritanism because it banished Roger Williams and
hung Mary Dyer Was there no gain in American In-
dependence because Americans enslaved Africans? These
were steps, advance movements in the progress of the
race, not prevented by tine inconsistencies or the crimes
ol their adherents. A man may preach righteousness
and he himself a cast-away as St. Paul intimates, and the
righteousness will be available to mankind. We might
from selfish considerations alone press the question of
manhood suffrage, as our surest way to freedom is over
broken fetters, it is by a path which a multitude have
trodden. x
you will not, I tun sore, misunderstand me. I yield
to no one, hot even yourself, in a positive and emphatic
demand for Woman Suffrage' now, but my demand is
equally imperative for all disfranchised classes. I would
not ask a natural right for myself that I would withhold
from another for a moment, my moral sense would con-
vict me of cowardice or despotism for so doing.
The equilibrium of sex must be restored in the gov-
ernment you say. We are now tempest-tossed in an un-
certain sea, men at the helm need the spiritual intuitions
of women, etc. This' is all true, doubtless, but the
graphic sketch you made reminds one very forcibly of
the representations of apolitical party in a Presidential
canvass, with this exception, the parties are more gener-
ous toward each other than the representatives of your
doctrine can be toward their compeers. The democrats
declare at this moment, and very likely they believe,
that the republican policy ig destructive of the best in-
terests of the nation, they deprecate the incoming tide
of ignorance, poverty and vice to legislate at the polls,
they say the party in power are steering without chart
or compass, but that their party understand.the na-
tions dangers and mans need,.they have all the
charts spread out before them, they know all the
dangerous coasts and isles, and if they can only be put
into power, if they can but reach tho deck and lay hold
waters where the royal ship will ride in safety. But I
have yet to hear of the first democrat who proposes to
withhold the elective franchise from the' republican
party, until it shall be seen what the skilled hands of
democrats can do in this hour of the nations trial. Of
course you say, that Is a settled thing, each parly expeots
the oiher to vote, it is settled by law and custom. Is it
not just ais fully settled in our minds upon principle that
tho ballot belongs to all alike, and shall not principle
lead u& into a path as true and as just toward our com-
peers, as that in whioh the rank and file of that strata of
manhood walk by virtue of "law and custom?
I know you say the franchise is not a question of
necessary precedence for one class or the other. Why,
then, make it a question of precedence, and say edu-
cated wopaen first, ignorant men afterward ? Again
you say, our demand has long been suffrage for all,
white and black, male and female, of legal age and sound
mind, but in speaking of manhood suffrage you also
declare, we have enough of that already. We say no*
another man, black or white, until woman is inside the
citadel. Let me quote again from your figure of the
ship of state. To us it would be the height of wisdom
lor such women to rush on deck and say, let not another
man come up to touch the ropes until those more skilled
have tried what they can do, thus continually making
it is a question of precedence, and not 6nly that but de-
manding that woman shall have an opportunity to try
their skill, while disfranchised men are still kept down
in the vessels hold. This savors a little too much of the
tyranny of man which reveals itself in such huge pro-
portions to the eye of The Revolution.
My article is too long for your paper, but not wishing
to refer to this topic again, you will, perhaps, pardon its
length. Controversy is so distasteiul" to me that I have
written with pain rather than pleasure ; and I have ad-
dressed you alone, as I have reason to believe your as-
sociate editor is thoroughly orthodox on the subject of
human freedom.
Thanking you again for your noble work," and trusting
that we shall yet see eye to eye on the above point of
difference, I remain gratefully yours,
J. Elizabeth Jones.
To all of which we say that suffrage is a na-
tural right, as free to man and woman under
government as air and motion to life. We have
said again and again, before all Israel and the
sun, that we demand universal suffrage, that
we repudiate all qualifications of property, edu-
cation, color, sex, -But when republicans and
6
|UV0lttti0tt. 373
abolitionists claim that it is a political right,
that citizens are to be enfranchised by classes,
that this is the negros hour, then leaving
the ground of principle, because they will not
meet us there, and coming down to their low
ground of expediency, we say educated wo-
men first, ignorant men afterward. And for
this position we have two good reasons.
1. In a republican government, where the
people mate the laws, the intelligence and vir-
tue of the country should primarily be repre-
sented at the ballot-box. It is a dangerous
strain on our institutions to reverse this order
arid welcome all shades and types of manhood
at the polls, while we exclude the wealth, virtue,
and intelligence of the women of the nation.
2. As' man represents but half an idea, we
must in the nature of things, so long as he rules
alone, have a fragmentary government.
Until society is made whole by lifting women
to her rightful throne, by the union of the sexes,
in political, religious, and social life, we shall
continue to have a one-sided, wicked legisla-
tion, war, violence, fraud, and all manner4of
abominations. When society in Oregon and
California, being chiefly male, was rapidly tend-
ing to savageism, would it have improved mat-
ters to have sent out ship loads of black men?
Not at all. We sent women, and order and de-
cency were soon restored to life. Just what wo-
man is to man socially that is she to him morally,
spiritually, intellectually. It is because the
feminine element does not assert'itself in gov-
ernment, that Washington to-day is a whirlpool
of corruption, and the nation staggers for its
lack of public honor and integrity. In saying
this we do not claim that woman is better than
man, for if she had exclusive jurisdiction, we
should still have a fragmentary legislation, with
a different class of evils perhaps, but evils
nevertheless. But what we -claim is, that the
sexes have an elevating, restraining influence on
each other. Go into a room where a .dozen men
are talking together, and you will find that con-
versation is not as high-toned as when educated
women are present, just so when a dozen wo-
men are alone, the conversation is not so ele-
vated as when educated men are present. We
see that civilization would be more rapidly ad-
vanced by the enfranchisement of the women
of this nation than that of the Indian, Chinese
or African races. While we would not delay
the enfranchisement of the black man a single
hour, when Wendell Phillips tells woman to
stand aside, that the black man has precedence,
it is legitimate to show these Saxon men that
for the' elevation of their own race and the
safety of the republic, they need women more
than black men at the helm of government in
this crisis of our nations history. As the
greater includes the less, when we demand uni-
versal suffrage we help, rather than retard, the
black mans enfranchisement, and those who
make the narrow claim of manhood suffrage, de-
feat the end they would secure. Claim the utter-
most and you will get something,
Editors of the Revolution:
Having just returned from tlie annual meeting of
Friends of Human Progress, near Waterloo, N. Y., I
send you some account thereof, for publication. Tbe
attendance, this year, was not as large as some previous
years, partly owing to a change in the time of holding
it, and partly to deficient notice. I believe the Anti-
Slavery Standard was the only paper which contained the
notice ; and as its circulation is quite limited, even
among reformers, many did not know of the change,
nor of the arrangements, generally. From this cause,
your correspondent was only present the last day of the
meeting. Among the speakers were Mrs. Lucy Stone,
C Pi 2? Mills, A, M. Powell, William Denton, A*
d
Strobridge, C. L. Remond, C. A. Hammond, and others.
Joshua Hutchinson gave the music.
The proceedings were characterized by earnest thought
and eloquent and effective utterance. Resolutions were
adopted severely censoring the action of the Chicago
Convention for remitting the question -f suffrage in
the loyal States to the present voters in those States,
and also condemning the so-called democratic party for
its past and still-persisted-in treachery to the principles
of true democracy.
The meeting took decided ground for ^jpman Suf-
frage ; but I am sorry to say that, though your corres-
pondent made an earnest effort to interest the people
present in The Revolution, some of the speakers
threw cold water on his effortsostensibly on account
of your connection with Mr. Trainand not one among
them all had an encouraging word to say in your behalf,
and I failed to get a single subscriber at the meeting.
Yerily, the narrowness and intolerance of some of our
reformers is past all comprehension.
I think there is a vein of conservatism among such
which causes them to make the old issues still para
mount after they have ceased to be practically living-
questions. One speaker, a colored man, denounced Mr.
Train as a much smaller man than any negro in this
country. And some women seemed to think you had
better never have started the paper than to have ac-
cepted such help as his in starting it.
Womans forte, in the estimation of such women, seems
to be self-sacrifice; until we can have an organ without
being beholden to any b.ut Simon pure old abolitionists
for its existence, they seem to think their cause can wait;
and that they are commending their Anti-Slaveryafter
slavery is dead and buriedby turning their backs upon
the live men and women who appreciate tho situation
and march bravely on to storm the next stronghold of
despotispa. Rip Van Winkles are not all of the male
persuasion. Yet the president of this progressive meet-
ing was a woman, Mrs. L. A. Strobridge, of Cortland,
N. Y. Yours truly, c. a, h.
Peterboro, N. Y., June 8, 1861.
On Board Steamer D. S. Magee, I
Seneca Lake, June 5th, 1868. I
Dear Revolution : Returning from the Waterloo
yearly meeting of the Friends of Human Progress, I find
a few leisure moments while steaming up this beautiful
lake, and propose to give you a random sketch of what
was said there. * J. K. Ingalls presented the
subject of Capital and Labor, tracing the source of
all slavery, corruption mid social wrong, to the subor-
dination of man to wealth, of the laborer to the produc.
tions of his own toiL He insisted that the power con-
ferred upon money by our laws and customs, derived
from the barbaric ages, to hold the land, and to accumu-
late interest or insurance, was the present source of
every form of oppression, compelling the assent of those
it despoiled, and saturating the whole atmosphere of
every commercial and industrial field with selfishness,
envy and pride. That it holds out encouragement to
every species of fraud and corruption and punishes
hohesty and integrity wvb poverty and shame.
He held, with Andrew Smith, in his Wealth of Na-
tions, that property was derived but from one source,
human labor, and that our system, which enabled one
man to appropriate tho earnings of thousands, estab-
lished caste and privilege, which differed from Eastern
despotism and chattel slavery, ODly in the subtlety cf
its form ; while its power to debase and starve its vic-
tims was unequalled. He would instance, within tho
current year, deaths by starvation in all the principal
cities of Europe, and of oar own country, among people
anxious and willing to work. In Algiers, which Napc-
leon HI. has so recently blessed with civilization, it is
reported that they have buried the dead by starvation i^
trenches, as they do the slaughtered on the field ot battle
He gave us a remedy for all these evils :
1st. Land Limitation.
2d. Repeal of all usury laws, in which ho included all
laws for the collection of interest in any form. And as a
formula for the solution of the Labor and Capital ques-
tion, he gave to labor the entire products of industry,
subject only to the charge of keeping good-the condition
of the soil, and considering the value of all capital pro-
ductively employed. He then offered the following re-
solution :
Resolved, That, as friends of Human Progress, we can
but express our deep interest in the discussion of the
question, now engaging the* attention of the working
people of this country, in regard to the existing rela-
tions between capital and labor ; realizing that its just
solution must result in restoring labor to the dignity
which Nature accords it, equalizing its awards without
^crimination or account of ses or race,


374

Mr. HammoDd gave notice that he would receive sub-
scriptions for The Revolution, when Charles Re-
mond said, that since that paper bad been published, he
had been traversing the interior of the State, and had
scarcely seen a numbor of it; but understood that the.
esteemed friends who conducted it had associated them-
selves with Gorge Francis Train, whom he regarded
as an enemy to the enfranchisement of the colored race.
He did not see how they could enter into any such ar-
rangement without injuring their past record. * *
Yours truly, j. k. g.
Did (Varies Remond ever refuse to extend
the right hand of fellowship to an earnest
worker in the Anti-Slavery cause, because he
was not in favor of the enfranchisement of
woman ? Would he refuse to extend the circu-
lation of an auti-slavery paper, if Beujamin P.
Butler furnished tie means to publish it, be-
cause in times past he had been opposed to the
emancipation and enfranchisement of the ne-
gro? Is it not perfectly consistent with the
record of the editors of The Revolution to
remember tlie two million black women in the
land of bondage, when abolitionists threw them
overboard ? Does Mr. Reniond know that when
the Joint Resolutions of Schenck, Jenckes and
Broomhall, for the amendment of the constitu-
tion were under consideration four years ago,
that the word male was introduced expressly
to avoid the calamity of enfranchising all the
black women of the south ? The only word
that was uttered in the Anti-Slavery Stand
ard against the outrage was penned by the
editors of The Revolution, and they were
rebuked for doing it, both by republicans and
abolitionists. There is nothing in our past re-
cord to show that our love to humanity was ever
wholly circumscribed to black men. ^Ve have
demanded his rights, not because he was a man
or black, but because fie belonged to the human
family ; and the same love of the race impels us
to-day to demand the same rights for the wo-
man by his side, for the multitudes of young
girls in all our cities asking for work and wages,
and widows and orphans struggling for a foot-
hold in this whirlpool of vice and corruption,
with no strong arm to shelter or protect. The
same sense of justice impels us to-day to de-
mand of our government to protect our Irish
citizens, unjustly held in "British dungeons,
while the press of the country is silent and in-
different to the outrage. The fact is, our abo-
litionists are so sectarian to-day that they see
nothing but that small fraction of humanity,
the black man, a :dany of .their members
who dare open them eyes to anything beyond are
ostracised at once. There never was anything
more bigoted and malicious than the hostility of
abolitionists to The Revolution and its
editors; and yet all their stabs are given in the
name of religion, with a pious cant about the
defection of those who see beyond their
horizon. Human, nature is the same in all
ages. The same spirit that burnt Servetus,
* that condemned Luther, that beheaded Charles
II., that hung Quakers and witches in Massa-
chusetts, that mobbed abolitionists, that ar-
raigns Dr. Tyng before an ecclesiastical court
for preaching in a Methodist pulpit, the same
wicked spirit maligns and persecutes the editors
of The Revolution to-day, because they
demand the immediate enfranchisement of
woman, the recognition of every citizen of .the
United States in the reconstruction, and have
accepted aid from George Francis Train, the
only man in the nation who offered it, in order
to accomplish their work.
THE LADIES OF NYACK.
Nvack, June 0th, 1868.
Miss Anthony : I no fciced the complimentary remarks,
concerning tlie ladies of Nyack, which you were pleased
to make as a comment upon.my short note of the 15th
inst., which appeared in Ihe Revolution of May 28.
Allow me, in their behali, to present you their most sin-
cere thanks.
I have long been a faithful reader of your paper, it
having been taken, through our newsdealer, for some
time by the Young Mens Christian Union, of which I
have the honor of being president.
It would be unnecessary for me to tell you that I am
an admirer of your paper, and of the glorious cause
which it advocates, as my note of the 15th has already
apprised you of the fact. I could speak words of cheer
and comfort if they were needed, but I know that no one
is better informed than yourself, of the fact that at this
moment the world at heart favors your cause and is de-
sirous of its triumph.
Each mail from England tells us that the political en-
franchisement of woman is taking strong hold of public
opinion, and that throughout the length and breadth of
that little, but mighty, island there is a growing senti-
ment in favor of liberty and justice ; while in our own
land almost every city and village has its public advo"
cate of equal rights. The day caunot be distant in which
the whole human family shall behold all their rights ac-
knowledged and respected, when we shall gaze upon the
longed for Isonomy.
Sincerely and respectfully yours,
Frederic R. Marvin.
The following are extracts from a communication in
The Revolution of May 7th, under Ihe caption,
Restellism, etc.:
Half a dozen children in every Irish family. -Only
two in the modern American family.' What is the mat-
ter? AnswerRestellism. That is why.
Mothers and fathers should teach their children.the
meaning of words. Tell them that the delirium tremens
is the result of that first glass.
Theclubs of New; York are demoralizing our young
men as much as Mercer street.
Every party, every serenade, adds to tlio list of
drunkards.
Down with the only one glass of wine for dinner.
Down with the race-course associations.
Is such nonsenical stuff suited to the columns of The
Revolution, a paper dedicated to intellectuality as op-
posed to puritanical superstitions ?
Every person of common sense and intelligence knows
that it is not mainly abortion which reduces the number
of children in the modern American family to two ; but
it is the general physical disability of American women,
induced by and inherited from the foolish habits of
fashionable society.
If delirium tremens is the result of the first glass,
then, suicide and accidental death from poisonous drugs
is the result of the first homoeopathic dose administered
to the infant. If not, why not?
If we must down -with clubs, balls, parties, race-
courses and the one glass of wine at dinner, because
they are sometimes prostituted to intemperance and
debaucherythough they are harmless in themselves
then we must down with temperance meetings, churches
and sewing circles, which are nearly as harmless in them-
selves, here, and perhaps necessary for our salvation
hereafter, because they are prostituted to fashion, dis-
play, jealousy, envy and all uncharitableness.
Jovial, social intercourseand it matters not whether
it be over the one glass of wine at dinner, the club
house, ball room, race-course, or elsewhereis essential
to moral and intellectual progress.
Churches and religious meetings are equally essential
to a religious sentiment necessary to some persons for
their present happiness, inasmuch, as in it lies their
only hope of heaven. That contemptible lore of dress
and fashion which carries with it deceit, envy and
jealousy, is the sin to be battered down, and not the
walls oi ihe church in which it is so generally and so dis-
gustingly displayed.
So also, drunkenness, debauchery and delerium tre-
mens, is the sin to be battled against, and not the God-
given, recuperative pleasure of the social circle, the
serenade and the jovial board. a.
True, the sooner we turn public thought
from the repression of the effects of vice to a
consideration of its causes, the sooner we shall
reach the desired result. So long as every
physical law is violated in the education of
children, we shall reap harvests of murderers,
thieves, liars and drunkards. The morbid ap-
petites for rum and tobacco are the result of ill
health, from over-work on one side, and no
work on the other. There is only one way to
lift men above these low pleasures, and that is
by substituting something better. If all the
mone and thought that have been expended in
repressing intemperance bad been used in-
building and adomiug homes and gardens for
the poor, and educating the nation into the true
interests of capital and labor, we should to-day
be rejoicing in the rapid decline of intemper-
ance, vice and crime, and in the recreation of a
new order of men and women. When the con-
ditions of society arc so false that mothers kill
their own children, the trouble lies deeper down
than Restellism. Look through nature and
we find even among the brute creation the
strongest of all animal affections is that of the
mother for her offspring ; and when we add to
this the tenderness of the human soul, it is in-
vincible, capable of any degree of self-sacrifice
for the child of her love. What perverts theso
holy affections, what is it that thus poisons the
fountains of life ? These are the questions for
reformers and philosophers to solve. Prohibit-
ory laws and the imprisonments of the Madames
Restell do not remedy drunkenness or child
murder : they do not touch the case. We must
by wise legislation protect the interests of the
masses, end the antagonism between capital
and labor, mid thus prevent the extremes of
poverty and wealth. So long as one man holds
thousands of broad acres, and hoards his mil-
lions, hundreds by his.side must be defrauded,
and his own nature hardened and perverted.
WOMAN'S RIGHTS IN CALIFORNIA.
As from Ihe Dear approach of the completion of the
great Continental Railroad, the Pacific Slope is now more
than ever attracting the attention of the masses, I have
thought that a succinct statement of the law regulating
the relations of husband and wife in California might be
acceptable to your journal and of benefit to its numer-
ous readers, and shall therefore proceed, as briefly as
possible, to detail the same.
I.OF MARRIAGE.
Marriage is considered as a civil contract. A license
must first be procured of Hie County Clerk, whereupon
the priest, minister, or civil officer who may perform the
ceremony makes his return to the Clerks office, and the
same-is duly entered in the Register of marriages.
There are penalties annexed for marrying males under
twenty-one, or females under eighteen, without the con-
sent of their parents or guardians ; also for performing
the ceremony without a license.
However, thereis no doubt but that an actual marriage
i. e., a contract made in the presence of witnesses,
without either a license or the intervention of an eccle-
siastical or civil officer, would be valid in law, although
the parties guilty of the irregularity would be liable to
the penalties prescribed-
It sometimes has happened that the female under the
prescribed age, being unable to obtain the parental sanc-
tion, has eloped with the man of her choice, and taken to
the ocean, being sure to pass at least one marine league
irom the shore, and there, without the jurisdiction of the
state, and without the requisite license, in the presence
of their accompanying party, been united by the proper
official.
An instance of this kind has occurred within the last
month, the bridegroom being a respectable and well-to-
do young farmer, of Santa Clara county, and the bride a
farmer's daughter of the same locality, just under the
prescribed age.
The steam-tug soon took them through the Golden
Gate and out among the rolling waves of the Pacific,
the sea being so rough as to render the company sea
sick, except the bride.
After the knot had been duly fastened, the new made
husband and wife returned to their home, no doubt to
receive the parental blessing.
n.of DIVORCE.
There are six causes of divorce given by our law. I
will stato them briefly, without copying the statute at
length.
1. Natural impotence existing at the time of marriage


375
2. When the female was under fourteen at the time of
marriage and had not the consent of her parents, and
has not ratified it since she has attained that age.
3. Adultery, in either partywhere there has been no
collusion, or condonation.
4. Extreme cruelty, habitual intemperance, wilful de-
sertion for the period of two years, neglect by husband
for three years to provide for his'family.
5. When the consent of either of the parties to the
marriage was obtained by force or fraud.
6. The conviction of either party-of felony where the
punishment is not less than two years,imprisonent.
Nearly all the divorces are]sought for and granted under
the 3d and 4th subdivisions above stated, and a majority
under tbe latter.
HI.SIGHTS OF PROPERTY.
All property owned by the wife at ihe lime of mar-
riage, and all that she may afterwards acquire by gift or
devise, remain^her separate property, which, however,
remains under the control and management of the hus-
band.
Should the husband, however, prove unfaithful to his
trust, mismanage or waste her property, she may pro-
ceed and have a trustee appointed to take charge of it,
who must give bonds, etc., and pay over tbe proceeds to
the husband and wife, or either of them, the income and
profits of the wifes estate.
All property acquired after marriage by either hus-
band or wife, except such as may be acquired by gift, de-
vise, bequest, or descent, is common property.
Upon tbe dissolution of the marriage by death, tbe
separate of the wife is retained by her, and she has also
one half of the common property; the other half goes
to the children, if any, and if none, then three-quarters
may go to the widow, and one quarter to the father or
mother of, her deceased husband, if living ; and if no
children, or father or mother of the deceased, then the
whole goes to the widow.
There is no dower (which is merely a life estate) by
our laws, but the widow takes the property absolutely in
fee simple of land, and in absolute property, if personal.
Upon the dissolution of the marriage, by divorce, the
woman retains her separate property, and such portion
of the common property as the Court, taking into con-
' sideraliou all the circumstances, may see fit to adjudge.
It will thus be seen that our laws, so far as property
rights are concerned, are very liberal towards women
more so than in any other state of the Union. 0
IV.THE RIGHTS OF MARRIED WOMEN TO CONTROIi AND
DISPOSE OF THEIR SEPARATE PROPERTY.
Where husband and wife both reside in the state, both
must unite in a deed conveying her separate property,
or in a mortgage upon the same..
Where the husband has not been for one year a bona
fide resident of the state, she may convey without him.
She may, in conjunction with her husband, execute a
power of attorney for the conveyance of lands.
She may,'without and independent of her husband,
dispose of her property by will.
V.HOMESTEAD RIGHTS.
The husband and wife jointly, or either of them sep-
arately, may record a declaration of homestead, em-
bracing the premises occupied by them as their resi-
dence, not exceeding in value $5,0i'0, and upon the
death of either, the other takes the estate in absolute
property.
In this mode tbe separate property of either spouse,
may, by the homestead law, become the property of the
other by survivorship ; and many cases have arisen
where the wife has put upon record a homestead de-
claration upon the husbands separate property, and
then by bis death become its absolute owner.
VI.LIFE INSURANCE.
She may insure her husbands life for her own benefit.
Vn.WOMEN AS SOLE TRADERS,
Any married woman, by complying with the law, and
following the prescribed'formula, may become a sole
trader, and engage in almost any kind of business, with
all the powers and responsibilities of a femme sole.
Hundreds, and perhaps thousands, in this state, have
availed themselves oi this provision, and are engaged in
various branches of trade and industry ; the husband in
such cases voluntarily taking the subordinate position,
and I believe have, as a rule, proved more successful
than their husbands had in their attempts to manage
the business.
vm.MISCELLLANEOUS.
A husband may convey land or property directly to his
wife, and the grant, by way of gift, will be valid.
She may sue in her own name respecting her own sep-
arate property.

When she seeks a divorce, her husband, upon a proper
showing, must provide the means to pay her lawyers
fees, and other legal expenses.
Either spouse may be a witness for or against the
other in all cases except in actions xfor divorceexcept
that neither shall disclose any communication made to
the other during marriage.
A woman attains her majority at the age of eighteen
year^S
IX.DISABILITIES.
Except as a sole trader no married woman can enter
into or make a valid contract, save in respect to her
separate property as herein-before stated.
She'cannot vote, and ihe general opinion seems to be
that she cannot hold office, although there is no positive
provision in our constitution or laws against it.
PRACTICALLY
woman has more consideration in the Golden stats, and
upon the Pacific coast generally, than elsewhere in any
portion of the world.'
She has more rights secured to her by law, and in ad-
dition by custom and general consent, than elsewhere.
As a rule, laboring women receive about the same
wages as laboring men; the kitchen girl and the field
hand stand upon an equality.
The sewing women of San Francisco have formed a pro-
tective union, and sell their own work, instead of being
tbe slaves of the slop shops and other establishments.
No doubt, much remains to be done to elevate woman
even here. That she will eventually have the ballot, and
the right to hold public office, is among the certainties of
the future.
In the meantime, other states may, in some respects,
follow with advantage the progress towards justice to
woman, already made by California. a. m. c.
San Francisco, May'20, 1868.
A MAN WITHOUT ENEMIES.
In this hour, while the names of Grant and Colfax are
ringing through the country, while partisan feeling is
beginning to burn anew, is it not well for thoughtful
minds to ask, What is the issue in the coming election ?
With feelings of pain we are forced to admit, there is
nothing in controversy between the present republican
and democratic parties, save the possession of lucrative
offices. The life or death of no principle is dependent
upon the failure or success of either. Neither party has
advanced one step in the four years past. The questions
which (hen divided them have been settled, and the vic-
tor sits down at Chicago in apathetic ease, selecting ior
the highest office in the nation, a man who has no ene-
mies ; whose principles are unknown ; whose silence
upon' every important question is taken as a mark ot
great wisdom,
He is a man without enemies because he is a man
without ideas. Having no principles in private life, no
political opinions in public life, there is nothing to afford
vitality to an enemy.
That there is great wisdom in his silence is doubtless
true ; for then the secret of his ignorance is his own.
His silence, however, reminds one of an owl winking
and blinking in the sunlight, waiting and hoping for the
night to retjirn.
Such a man may be a negatively good man, or at
least not positively bad, but be never can be a great
man. Hejmay be a popular and successful candidate,
but he never will be of great good to his fellow-men.
The hour for suoh men is past. The world demands
that men of ideas; men with some principle at stake ;
some great good to struggle for, should stand before the
people, striving to win them to the right or retard them
from progressing toward the wrong.
I would not be disrespectful to Gen. Grant. I honor
him for his valor as a soldier and give to him as such his
fall meed of praise. But when he stoops from bis high
pedestal, to accept the nomination of a party with no
single principle in their platform upon which he can
stand; and a party, too, who know nothing of him polit-
ically, except that he is popular and likely to be suc-
cessful, then my admiration changes to disgust.
With all the important questions of trade and com-
merce, Womans Suffrage, Negro Suffrage, Taxa-
tion, and Greenbacks before them,from which to
choose a watchword and a cause to battle for, the repub-
lican party enter the conflict without choosing a watch-
word or selecting a cause.
Truly it is time this party should prepare its tomb,
rear its monument, inscribe its epitaph and quietly re-
tire from the field of its honors, its fame fresh and gory*
and leave to others the work it dare not touch in the ad-
vancement of the world. Nemo.
VXNNTE BEAM:AND JHE REPUBLICANS.
Whatever the failings and shortcomings of the re-
publican leaders, it cannot be paid that they are not
valiant! True, they had not the courage to hang Jeff
Davig, but then they did hang Mrs. Sarratt; and it
was thought, by some, that she was guilty. This feat,
surely, indicated prowess! Such heroes might, without
excess of modesty, have reposed on laurels sq bravely
won, but still greater glory, if possible, awaited them.
Commencing, by way of training, on Andrew Johnson,
they were ready, in the course of a few months, for one
of the achievements of modern times! They did not
oust Andrew Johnson, but they have ousted Vinnie
Beam!
Lest one of the readers of The Revolution may
be ignorant, I will state that Vinnie Ream is a young
artist, whom Congress, by vote of both Houses, had em-
ployed to execute a statue of Lincoln, setting apart a
room in the capitol building for her use, and who had
bestowed a years labor on the work, bringing it to a
point in its completion when it could not be moved
without destruction.
What ^n opportunity was this for the valiant Bingham,
and the chivalric Butler. Here was a foeman worthy of
their steel. I do not know whether Miss Yinnie Ream
is a good artist, not even, irom personal knowledge,
whether she is good looking, and, therefore, influential
with Congressmen. Possibly her virtue is not of an
order so high as to warrant her working in the same
building where immaculate statesmen (!) exhibit their
dignity and wisdom to the gaze of an astonished world.
But one thing is certainif she had only been accused
of exerting her influence against President Johnson, in-
stead of in bis favor, she would now have been at ber
work, hindered only by the praises and flatteries of the
scrupulous and impartial majority, and the country
would have been saved one disgraceful exhibition.
Seriously, if there was anything lacking on the part of
republicans in Congress (with a few exceptions) on the
score of meriting the unspeakable contempt -of holiest
men and women, this last performance has supplied that
lack. f. b.
PEACE
All governments founded in fraud, says our
correspondent, G. W., must be supported by
force :
Conversing wilh John Kenrick, Esq., of Newton,
Mass., about the Peace Society, of which he was one of
the founders, near the close of the war of 1812, be re-
marked that the Emperor of Russia, head of the Holy
Alliance, enrolled himself among its distinguished mem,
bers. But this adhesion to the cause of peace was only
expressed after his power had been expended and wasted
in war for the subjugation of all Europe to the rule of
despotism, and when all the Christian nations required
rest to recuperate their energies and finances ; and ior
the rearing of a new race oi men to go forth to battle ior
the aid of tyranny and the bond brokers!
This conversation was held in the spring of 1824, in
the midst of Englands darkest days, and now severely
she suffered for her participation in that unhallowed
cause of despotism, let her toiling men and women of
that period answer.
But, thank God! while tyranny was using the few
years of peace vouchsaied to poor humanity for a new
conflict with human rights, so also, was a new force ac-
cumulating in deience of those rights, which showed it-
self in the Revolution in France, in 1830in the dis-
memberment of Holland, and in the spasmodic effort of
poor Poland to rise once more to nationality;
But all these efforts manifested themselves in war, and
were, of course, barren of resultsj save only they showed
the earths rulers the inherent powers of man, and their
own weakness, when those powers are called into ac-
tivity. And they also taught the world the lesson that
all nations have the right and power to resume all the
functions and force? of government when not adminis-
teied for the universal good ol the people over whom it
is privileged to preside.
A few years after these events the first Reform bill
was passed by the British Parliament, but only received
the royal sanction on the spur of the threatened revolu-
tion that awaited its refusal I
The Le Claire (Iowa) Register tells us of a couple of
blooming girls there, Who row across to Port Byron, 111.,
every morning in a skiff, handling the oars in the most
approved style, teach a school of. ninety scholars all day,
and row back again in the evening.


A
376
C|)f ^RcDoUtion.
ELIZABETH CADY STAWTOKT,) W-1J4__
PARKER PILLSBURY, f suitors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, JUNE 18, 1868.
COL. WILLIAM J. NAGLE.
We never saw Cooper Institute more densely
packed than it was on the evening of the 10th
inst. to welcome Col. Nagle, after a year's ab-
sence in an English dungeon. The Hall was
gaily decorated with flagsthe green above the
redand filled with Irish workingmen, impa-
tiently waiting the appearance of the orator,
another fugitive from British oppression. At
eight oclock, accompanied by Mayor Hoffman,
who presided, he made his appearance. The
band immediately stnick up and played some
inspiring Irish airs, when, after a short and
spirited address by tbe Mayor, Col. Nagle was
introduced. He was received with three rousing ^
cheers, and for over an hour the audience lis-
tened with the deepest interest to a history of
his arrest and imprisonment. This was the
first time he had ever addressed a public au-
dience.
Congratulating him on his success, and ex-
pressing an astonishment that he had never
spoken before, Ah, madam, said he, soli-
tude and suffering develops a man mighty
fast, and contact with medn, narrow, merciless
officials soon teaches one self-respect. As we
listened to the simple narrative of his arrest
and sufferings in a British prison, as he stated
fact after fact, we were filled with indignation at
the injustice of England, and the indifference
of the United States. What a disgrace it is to
both countries, that in this age of the world, a
man can be arrested for no crime, thrust into a
dungeon, and kept there a year without trial.
Shame on England for all her oppressions of
Ireland, and her cruelty to those sons of Erin,
who would plead her cause, ^nd shame on
America that her flag is no protection to her
citizens in foreign ports. If Mr. Seward or Mr.
Adams had been thrust into a dirty dungeon,
lodged on straw, and fed on meal, tor no crime,
we think they would have been rather impatient
with tl^e red tape that would have taken a year
to measure their wrongs, to unlock their prison
doors and restore them to life and liberty.
Had the United States dared to treat English
subjects as they bavenative bom American citi-
zens, we shouldbave seen an English fleet in New
York harbor in less than a month. Because King
Theodore dared to take three Englishmen pris-
oners, his dominions were invaded, his army
cut to pieces, and his life sacrificed. When
Mason and Slidell were captured on an English
vessel, England would not brook such an insult
to her flag, and our government promptly re-
leased them. And yet the limes correspondent
was here during our war writing treason in all
his London letters, aud permitted to walk up
and down in safety. Now, we are glad that in
this country we can afford to let men say what
they please in regard to our institutions, in
peace or war ; and the time has come when it is
our duty to teach England to follow our ex-
ample, to teach her, at all events, that we con-
sider the rights of our eitizens-quite as sacred
as those of her subjects. A few of the timely
warnings of the press to the Fenians against

the invasion of Canada would be wisely given
to England for her treatment of American citi-
zens. The fact that the Fenians in this country
are endeavoring to redress .their own wrongs, is
proof that the two countries are leaving their
duties undone. England kindly sent us mis-
sionaries in years past to rebuke us for t]je sin
of slavery ; her press ridiculed us for the in-
consistencies in our theory and practice ; her
churches passed resolutions' condemning us for
our oppression oi the African race ; and all this
hastened the downfall of slavery. Now, let us
show our gratitude to the true men and women
of England, and our love of humanity, by
pointing out to them the wrongs of Ireland, by
showing them that in the old world, as the new,
the road to safety is in freedom, in larger liber-
ties to the people- A new spirit is moving the
world, and the death-knell of caste and class is
ringing from land to land, from sea to sea. No
censorship of the press, or prison walls, can
prevent free thought and free speech. Men
grow braver in exile and solitude, and utter
with a diviner glow the truth for which they
have suffered.
Our battles for freedom, fought by thousands
of brave Irishmen, have given a new impulse
to liberty in their souls. In the camp, in the
battle-field, alone at the midnight hour on duty,
many a brave man has lifted his eyes to the
calm, clear stars, and vowed he would strike a
blow for the liberty of Ireland. Let England
be warned in time; let measures of redress on
all sides come quick and fast. The masses,
everywhere, are waking to the belief, that God
never made tbe few, all booted and spurred, to
ride the many to destruction. Every one who
observes and reasons must know that the
rights ol the laboring classes are wholly lost
sight of by their governments, and in no coun-
try in the world is there a darker record of
cruelty and oppression than is found in Eng-
lands treatment of Ireland for the last four
hundred years. The Fenian movement can
neither be ridiculed nor frightened out of ex-
istence. It is not to be supposed that millions
of Irishmen who have tasted the blessings of
liberty in a free country can be indifferent to
the slavery of their native land. It is their
duty, in spite of the English dungeon and gal-
lows, to talk against the slavery of their coun-
trymen, to write against it, and do all in their
power to fire the soul of the dullest clown in
Britain with the proud determination to have
liberty or death.
There is no question, no national issue, suffi-
ciently important to postpone a prompt redress
of any individual grievance, for the liberty of
the citizen to thought, speech and locomotion
is the most sacred right under government; is
in fact the foundation of all just government.
___________________ e. c. s.
SOHO SIS.
The Sorosis have had a sumptuous bouquet,
given by the gentlemen of the press, at which the
gentlemen made flattering speeches to the fair
sisters, all of which can be found in full in tbe
Sunday World. The Sorosis Club, it is under-
stood, are soon to give a dinner to the gentle-
men of the press, at which the ladies are to
toast and eulogize the noble lords of creation.
How much better this is than the continual
fault-finding of the strong-minded. Vetily a new
day dawns for man. "We shall wait with great
impatience for all the good things that shall be
said at that next dinner, and shall give our read-
ers the toasts and speeches of the ladies.
EDUCATED SUFFRAGE.
The important practical question of the hour
in the nation is, extension of suffrage. And
the calamity, the actual danger is in that it has
taken a most malignant party form. This is
glaringly apparent in the determination of the
republicans to force colored suffrage on the
Southern states, while rejecting it in the so-
called loyal states by overpowering majorities.
The Chicago Republican Convention sanctioned
such a policy in the name of the nation. Its lan-
guage is, the question of suffrage in the loyal
states, properly belongs to the people of those
states. The states will all be loyal as fast as
restored to the Union. And the Carolinas as
well as Connecticut, Louisiana as well as Ohio,
can repeal the right of the black man to the
ballot so soon as they resume their sovereignty.
Gen. Grant, if elected President, will approve
of such a policy. And from present indica-
tions this is all the colored race can expect of
theparty of proqress
The democrats can now, if they will, achieve
a peaceful, bloodless revolution ; tbe most im-
portant in American history. They can secure
the control of the government and hold it in
honor and power for generations. They can
add a lustre to the name of democracy outshin-
ing the past in all the annals of the human race.
They can clothe the Declaration of Independ-
ence with a dignity and sublimity to challenge
the admiration and gratitude and kindle anew
the hopes of mankind. Shamed by the Chi-
cago treachery, cowardice and cupidity, let
them now bound forward to equal, impartial, edu-
cated suffrage, irrespective of race, sex or pre-
vious condition, and with Judge Chase, or any
other sober and competent man, like him openly
and earnestly committed to the great basic prin-
ciple of human government, they would secure
not only a party, but a world-wide triumph, the
sublimest in all its elements and consequences
that ever gave peace to earth or joy to heaven.
The demand of The Revolution is, Edu-
cated suffrage, irrespective of race or sex. The
importance of this principle is becoming every
day more and more apparent. Every day adds
to our population a multitude from almost
all the great nations, as well over the^Pa-
cific as the Atlantic ocean, ignorant alike of our
language, laws, institutions, everything per-
taining to us. We have already become the
great central orb in the firmanent of nationali-
ties. If npt morally, we are at least materially,
the salt of the earth and the light of the world
the sun, whose centripetal energy, attracts
all the shattered and fugitive elements of the
old despotisms. Emphatically, we are a city
set on a hill that cannot be hid ; and a city of
refuge, too.
And how to incorporate all these into our
body politic wisely and harmoniously, is the
grandest problem of the hour. All history
demonstrates the most dangerous class in any
community is the disfranchised class. Could the
Spartan Helots have been dispersed into new
states and kept at hard and constant labor un-
der vigorous taskmasters and overseers, they
would not have been butchered by thousands in
cold blood to be rid of them. Had our South-
ern slaveholders been sliut up with their slaves
to territory so narrow as to make the slaves ac-
tually dangerous, they too must have resorted
to killing, or emancipating and absorbing them
into the state. No class of criminals, however,
desperate, could be so dangerous as a class of
outlaws, however few. Bonaparte said if a sol-
dier was not depraved, it was the work of war


%\u
377

to make him so. If a citizen, a criminal even,
be not wholly abandoned, outlaw him by dis-
franchisement, and he becomes so. Like the
first murderer, he would shriek, My punish-
ment is greater than I can bear. It was only
by mental and moral degradation that the Brit-
ish peasantry were kept in unresisting vassal-
age through thirty generations. When the
genius of the nineteenth century hovered over
,the political and moral chaos .of the ages,^ and
commanded, Let there be light, then ap-
peared the sea and the dry land of advancing
civilization, and the millennium of human en-
franchisement dawned. Westward that star of
empire took its way, peacefully breaking the
chains of chattel slavery in the West Indies,
and rending them by the terrors of war ih our
own country, and now confronts us with the
not less mighty problem of recreating the new
heaven and the hew earth out of the old, which
have passed away.
Nor is it now the colored population, the
late slaves, who are to be alone considered.
The Chinese Wall is broken down, and from the
Celestial Empire, through our Golden Gate
swarm myriads of its simple inhabitants. The
Oneida circular well says in regard to them :
They were considered harmless and a Gocl-send. All
they wanted was work, and they entered readily into the
drudgery of the gold-hunters. But already Californians
look with troubled countenances upon the increasing
numbers among them of these strange people. How
will these worshippers of Buddha affect the future
growth and institutions of tho country ? Shall they
have free suffrage ? Give them the ballot and they
would now hold the balance of power in many districts.
A gentleman who long resided in California, told me
that it is becoming an anxious question with many
parents, how to establish their children in life. If not
able to start them in business, or give them a profes-
sion, they are shut out from the field of honorable la-
bor, because that is already occupied by the Cninese.
At first these emigrants were timid, and submitted to
be crowded or plundered by lawless adventurers j but
they are different now. They have learned their
strength, supplied themselves with arms and have
joined together in beating off assailants. Nor are they
all simple laborers. Their numbers include good me-
chanics and successful tradesmen. When this flood
and ebb-tide of labor from the New and Old Worlds
meet, what will be the re'sult ? Will they combine to
form a new social compound, or will one override the
other? Snail we have Buddhist churches and oustoms
confronting us, or have we vitality enough to convert
and digest the devotees of that religion into our faith
and practice ? We cannot long shut our eyes to the
faot that mighty problems are coming up for Christian
statesmen to solve. New England and the Atlantic
tates are generally in favor of tree suffrage, but the
newN Pacific states, which stand facing this incoming
flood of pagans dare not grant it. It is not that they
are against liberty. At heart, they believe in the equal-
ity of civil rights, and that It would be turniDg against
the presiding genius which has led them on to pros-
perity to deny this principle ; but they have come to a
spot where they cannot see their way through. Plainly,
something more is necessary than putting a vote into
every man's hand.
A California correspondent says that the bet-
ter portion of the Chinese in San Francisco are
merchants ; s6me of them with magnificent
stores and warehouses, over which they preside
like princes, and display a dignity such as is
rare among Caucasians in similar positions.
Every Chinaman, he says, can read in his own
language, but makes sad work with the Eng-
lish. The same intelligent writer tells us that
though these people are scorned by the ignorant
Caucasian drones, every observing man knows
they have rendered most important aid in de-
veloping the resources of the Pacific coast. Be-
fore their arrival, labor was so expensive that
almost every manufacturing enterprise failed.
Now they are steadily and surely gaining
ground* The Chinaman works for a dollar a
day, and boards himself, while the white man
demands three dollars at least. Both political
parties meanly ignore him, the democrats
boldly, as is their wont, the republicans sneak-
ingly, as is their nature too. What the black
man is in the Atlantic States to both parties,
the Chinaman is there to both; and the worst
traits of both parties stand fully revealed in re-
gard to them.
The republicans have already selected their
leader, and entered the field for the Presiden-
tial contest. Let the democrats construct a
similar platform of principles, which would be
substantially to adhere to their past, blindly ig-
noring the progress of the two last Nadminis-
trations (made in spite of themselves, as. well under
Lincoln as Johnson), and they must be inevita-
bly and deservedly beaten. They may as well
spare their labor, and save their money. The
sneaking, empty pretensions and professions of
the republicans towards justice and right will
win the people better than the damn-the
nigger doctrines of the democrats, and they
will sweep the field. The election in New
Hampshire, last March, showed. Nowhere in
the nation was ever republicanism more offen-
sively, loathsomely corrupt than in that unfor-
tunate state, as we showed by most competent
testimony in The Revolution before last.
Change of a thousand votes would have given
the state to the other party. And the course
we then and there recommended, would have
wrought that change. The same policy, the
policy of honesty, we are recommending now to
the democrats of the whole country. Why
should it nob be cheerfully adopted? Some
of the Southern democrats are preparing
for it the most rebellious of them. The col-
ored man now votes in several Northern states,
and nobody, no interests suffer thereby. In
nearly all the states, suffrage knew nothing of
color at the adoption of the Federal Constitu-
tion. Even in Connecticut, the black man
voted, down to the year 1817- Far into the
present century, both women and colored
people went to the polls equally with white
male citizens. Women have several times at-
tended and participated in elections within
q* year, and dignity and decency marked the
proceedings to a degree before unknown. In
England, too, a woman voted for Mr. Bright,
and Victoria still reigns.
Not one argument against educated, impar-
tial suffrage has ever been adduced. Intelli-
gent, able men never attempt an argument
against it. Those persons who do, prove gen-
erally their own unfitness for the ballot, and
there the argument ceases.
To the democrats, now is the accepted time
and day of salvation. And in saving themselves,
they may most gloriously save the country.
They may save ns all from the flood tides of po-
litical corruption and pecuniary profligacy that
are now sweeping us away. They may save us
from the social abominations that must, ere
long, make us as Sodom, and set us with Go-
morrah. They may save us from foreign wars,
and more frightful and bloody conflicts at
home. Never before was such a boon offered
to mortals as now to them. Never. Let them
beware how they tread it under their feet!
p. p.
A young girl, perfectly wild, was lately purchased in
Terra Del Fuego for a bag of biscuits.Exchange.
Most readers will cry out at the barbarous
state of things wherein such a sale can take
place. Yet in our boastedly civilized society
the same thing often takes place, only the com-
modity is by no means wild, and the price is
higher, and the forms of sale are more expensive.
The unfortunate girl becomes a commodity be-
cause of the cruelty which fits her for no means
of self-support, and shuts such means from her.
As the only alternative to starvation, she be-
comes a reluctant victim, an unloving wife, and
an unwilling mother. Her unwelcome offspring
are impressed by the fevered condition of her
brain, and thus are the effects of oppression
transmitted from generation to generation.
A great writer says, The Turks believe that
women have no souls, and by their treatment of
them show that they have none themselves.
We might with profit consider whether in this
matter we are so very much better tban the
Turks.
ARTFUL BODGING.THE CHICAGO
PLATFORM.
The second article of the Chicago Platform
runs thus:
The guaranty by Congress of equal suffrage to all
loyal men at the South was demanded by every con-
sideration of public safety, of gratitude, and of justice,
and must be maintained; while the question of suffrage
in all the loyal States properly belongs to the people
of those States.
When, therefore, the revolted states are re-
stored, the question of suffrage will belong
to them in common with the others, because
it is not proposed to reunite them in a state of
disloyalty. £o that, after all, the republican
platform instead of being raised to impeach-
ment level, is depressed to the grade of the
ignoble immortal seven who dared to vote
against it. Why should not Messrs. Butler,
Stevens and Boutwell be, or call for an Investi-
gating Committee to ascertain wbat influences
wrought at Chicago. to elevate Messrs. Fesser*
den, Trumbull, Ross, and the rest of theper-
jured ones, to honor, while those who voted for
impeachment and removal are virtually rebuked
and disgraced ?
When the fourteenth article of amendments
to the Constitution was before Congress, it was
not held that the question of Suffrage be-
longed to the states, loyal or disloyal. Indeed,
Mr. Sumner and other radical members of Con-
gress have repeatedly endeavored to procure the
enactment of a law regulating suffrage in all the
states. The fourteenth article of amendments
declares first, that all persons born or natural-
ized in the United States and subjeot to the
jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United
States and of the state wherein they reside.
And secondly, No state shall make or enforce
any laws which shall abridge the privileges or*
immunities of citizens of the United States.
But again, just down in the second article, it is
declared, whenever the right to vote at any
election [federal or state], is denied to any male
inhabitant, being twenty-one years of age, and
a citizen of the United States, or in any way
abridged, except for participation in rebellion
or other crime, the basis of representation
therein shall be reduced, etc., etc. The blun-
dering of this amendment is worse, if possible,
than its injustice. It defines who are citzens,
then forbids positively any abridgment of *
privileges or immunities of citizens, and
afterwards provides for the downright robbery of
citizens of that which is the symbol and
crowning glory ot citizenship, the right of
suffrage! And Congress has made acceptance
and adoption of this amendment one of the
conditions of admission to the Union on the
part of the rebel states, And now, in the face


378
Wat gUvfllutiati.
of all former republican action, in Congress
and elsewhere, on the question, making a very
important part of the quarrel between Congress
and the President about reconstruction, and
with the fourteenth article of amendments still
flashing in the eyes of rebels as one stern con-
dition of pardon and acceptance, the Chicago
Convention, controlled by Congress, as none
will deny, deliberately declares the national
republican policy to be the old, cast iron, south-
ern democratic, slaveholding doctrine, the
QUESTION OF SUFFRAGE IN LOYAL STATES BELONGS
TO THE PEOPLE OF THOSE STATES !
And is this the party of ideas'? This is
the party of progress ? If the democrats do not
now step forward and nominate Judge Chase
on the basis of at least impartial male citizen-
ship and suffrage, they will be beaten as they
will richly deserve to be ; and their fall will be
this time, never to rise again. p. p.
HON. THOMAS A. JENCKES'S BILL.
WOMEN IN THE CIVIL SERVICE.
Hon. Thomas A. Jenckes, of Bhode Island,
has sent us his speech on the bill to regulate
the civil service of the United States and pro-
mote the efficiency thereof. We would call
the attention of the women of the country to a
brief extract from Mr. Jenckess speech, and to
the eleventh section of the bill :
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That all citizens ol
the United States shall be eligible to examination and
appointment under the provisions of this act, and the
heads of the several Departments may, in their discre-
tion, designate the offices in the several branches of the
civil service the duties of which may be performed by
females as well as males, and for all such offices females
as well as males shall be eligible, and may make applica-
tion therefor and be examined, recommended, appointed*
.tried, suspended, and dismissed in manner aforesaid ;
and the names of those recommended by the examiners
shall be placed upon the lists for appointment and pro-
motion in the order of their mei it and seniority, and
without distinction, other than as aforesaid,.from those
of male applicants or officers.
Speaking, of the reports of the Committees
on this bill, Mr. Jenckes says :
It is a pleasure, also, to recognize in their reports the
uniform and unqualified testimony in favor of the fe
male employees of the government. This hill proposes
to give them an assured position in the service, and all
who testify upon the subject agree that their numbers
may be increased under the proposed system with profit
to the government. These reports show that they are
diligent in the performance of their duties, and that
they are not peculators or thieves.1 In the grades of of-
fices to which they have been assigned, as an experiment
and upon sufferance hitherto, there are no moro honest*
faithful, and capable persons in the service.
We have been deeply interested in Mr.
'Jenckess speech on the much-needed reform in
the civil service. As this department is of far
more importance than the military or naval, in-
volving questions of broader scope and greater
pnblic interest, we would suggest a National
Academy where boys and girls might be thor-
oughly educated for service in this depart-
ment of the government. The nation groans
to-day with the ignorance of onr rulers of the
first principles of political economy; of the
laws that govern capital and labor, finance and
trade.
The leading feature of Mr. Jenckess bill is
that the offices of this department, like those of
the military and naval, should be for life, and
vacancies supplied By promotion. This, he
thinks, would secure skill, encourage fidelity,
and make that branch of the service respect-
able.
The only feature of Mr. Jenckess bill we do not
like is the proposition to make the Vice-Presi-
dent the Chief of that Bureau. Mr. Jenckess
argument on that point, instead of proving tbe
importance of creating a Bureau, in order, among
other reasons, that the Vice-President might
have something to do, proves that Gentleman
a perfectly useless appendage under govern-
ment. He says:
Once When President Washington started upon his
tour through the southern states in 1791, he requested
the Vice-President to attend and to preside at the Cabinet
meetings that might be held in his absence, and this was
the first and has been the last recognition cf tbe Vice-
President as a possible adviser of the President, or of
having any right to take part in the Adminstration.
Let those who wish to know all about 'the
frauds and favoritism of our present system
read this able speech of Mr. Jenckes. Speak-
ing of the wholesale corruption in this branch
of the government, he says :
It is not to be denied that this disease has penetrated
every part of our political system. 'Unless it is tho-
roughly eradicated it must end in political death. This
government cannot be carried on so long as those who
receive tbe peoples money are studying how little they
can render tor what they receive, instead of giving the
most they are capable of to the people's service. And it
is doubtful whether this government can endure many
changes of administration when fifty thousand persons,
more than the entire personnel of the army and navy, are
liable to be. dismissed from the public service for mere
opinion's sake. Such shocks are like the repeated ex-
plosions of ordnance, which must, sooner or later, end
in disruption of the firmest metal.
E. c. s.
LOOK ON THIS PICTURE, AND ON
THIS.
The lady correspondent of the New York
Independent in the beginning of a late letter,
says:
They seemed odd remarks that a grand old Roman of
a senator made on Saturday evening, when he said:
Just look at those men who betrayed us to-day; they
are not well-made men ; theres something tbe matter
with every one of them. Look at Fessenden! he is
half dead with dyspepsia. See Trumbull! he looks as if
he were made of parchment. Look at Henderson! he is
too long for the blood to circulate in his head and in
his feet at the same time ; and Van Winkle is so obese
the circulation would be as slow in the other direction.
Then there's Fowler and Ross, poor little creatures I
Don't they look like just the men to slink away, and do
a mean thing, the very moment you are depending on
them to do a right one ? Theres not a squarely-built,
well-put-together man in the whole lot." It helps to
make one charitable, at least, to trace moral obliquities
to physiological causes.
When the Impeachment was ended and the
verdict of acquittal endorsed, she says farther
on in the letter:
The Chief-Justice comes forth from his robes of office,
and arm and arm with a Democratic friend enters bis
open carriage, and rolls along the avenue. His. frame is
grand; he sits erect; his arms folded across his chest;
his gray hair flowing back with the wind; a singly loot-
ing man. The people exclaim, as he passes, There
goes the Chief-Justice I and turn and gaze after the gay
barouche, glittering in the sun. And tbe august man
sits proud and conscious while they gaze.
The writer of such sketches should give the
country the whole Court of Impeachers, be-
ginning with Butler. She might have to say of
them all (except Chase), th&'e is something the
matter with every one of them.
Women are extensively employed in the Eng-
lish coal mines. About Wigan, it is said, there
are several hundred. Their work is hard and very
dirty. They are required to work from 6, &.m.,
to 5 or 6, p.m., with intervals for breakfast and
dinner. In many instances, they dress nearly
like the men, and drink and smoke and act like
them. Horrible accounts of such tbiugs were
published thirty years ago and reform was
promised, but, it seems, never came.
LETTER FROM MR. TRAIN.
HE WISHES TO SHAKE HANDS WITH WENDELL
PHILLIPS IN IRELAND.THE DANIEL OCONNELL
LECTURE.THE CRUELTY OF ENGLAND TO THE
NEGROES.
In a Turkish Bath, St. Anns, )
Blarney, May 26,1868. f
Dear Revolution:
Dont pitchin to the .Standard so firecely. The wo-
man's movement has no better friend than Wendell Phil-
lips. But is the negro so far removed from the power of ty -
ranny as to be able to part with his last fast friend ? I think
not. Mr. Phillips is a clear-headed man, and for states
manship the country cannot show his equal. Why, he can
see farther ahead with his eyes shut than some of our
Congressmen with Rosss telescope! So say those who
know him best, and the fulfilment of his predictions for
the past thirty years go far to provs the truth of the as -
sertion. Why cannot reformers labor together side by
side, each in their own specialty, knowing that each is
helping the other? As I see the human race, we are all
one vast chain-gang, and no person or clan can advance
one step without moving the whole body.Ex. Letter,
** Revolution May 14.
Sure enough. Why cannot reformers labor
together ? Let us have no quarrelling. I bear
no man, no woman malice. An envious man
doubts himself. I possess no envy, no jealousy,
no hate. The words revenge, malice, and fear of
public opinion were not born in my vocabulary.
The lady who wrote the above paragraph is
right. Phillips is a great man a man of power.
Like P. P., he strikes out of the beaten track.
He is not afraid. His instincts are prophetic.
His intuitions are strong as a womans. Let me
acknowledge that he was the man that stirred
my blood with the power of eloquence. Then
I read Emerson, and was. told that all it wanted
was courage to go and do likewise.
I remember once hearing the eloquent treason of
Phillips. He pictures Ten and tbe tyrant Gessler, Tell
represents abolition; Gessler slavery. Wehave fired,"
said he, onr arrow and killed our child, but we have
still another, which we will hnrl at the Union and the
Church 1" These Garrisonians are honest in their
faith. They are insane on that question as Brigham
vfiring is on Mormonism, or Jackson Davis on the spirit-
rappers. There is ever a kind of madness in intellect,
and there is plenty of genius in genuine isms. These
men may yell for dissolution but they must not touch
the Union of our States. No northern abolitionist or
southern fire-eater dare act. The Constitution allows
them to talk, so let them howl and scream. Let them
rant and swear, and curse. The Union will live in spite -
of the death-rattle croak of the Union-destroying ravens.
No, the Union is safemark the visionthe acquaint-
ancethe courtshipthe doubt and feartbe associa-
tion of statesthe dowrythe childrenthe grandchil-
drenobserve how they cling to the parent stemthe
constitutional oak. How small the acorn, and how mas-
sive the treehow deep-rooted the trunk, and how wide,
spread the branches, lake the great banyan in Calcut-
ta's garden, towering high in air, our American banyan
stands out, the patriarch of the race. Nofce its hundred
branches, like a general with his officers, regiment, com-
panieslike an admiral, with flag-ship and fleet. The
Union is safe in spite of those who would do it harm.
Virginia, the first, is the centre of a hundred states.
Americans bathe their feet in both oceans, and lave
their brows in gulfs on either side. Oceans, lakes, gulfs,
valleys, have been joined by canals, steamboats, rail-
ways, and telegraphs, all binding the Union of my native
land.Foun7 America on Slavery, 1859, Demitt, Publisher.
This was written ten years after I heard Phil-
lips in Fanneil Hall.
TRAIN OWNS UP ON THE NEGRO QUESTION.
My love for the Union blinded me to the con-
sequences of slavery. It never occurred to me
by killing slavery that it would kill the slave as
well. It never occurred to me that England was


k
t£Ju |vn?olntt0tt.
379
fooling us all the time. It never occurred to
- me that Buxton, Brougham, Russell, Shafts-
bury, and Sutherland will all join hands with
slavery for'the purpose of destroying my coun-
try. It never occurred to me that after so much
professed love for the negro England would
murder him like a dog in Jampica, and shoot
him like a rat in Abyssinia.
THE HORRORS OF THE BLACK HOLE OP JAMAICA.
EXETER HALL TAKING CARE OP THE NEGRO.
We will even pass over Ine penal day sin Ireland, when
priest-hunting was as popular a pastime with the Saxons
of the Pale as badger-baiting and cock-fighting havebeen
with the Cockney sportsman. Neither shall we descant
upon the atrocities practised in Ireland, by the British
army, in 1798. We shall confine ourselves merely to
events of yesterday and to-day, illustrative of the hu-
manizing effect of English civilization at home and
abroad. The trial of ex-Governor Eyre, which is now
proceeding, will furnish matter for reflection and com-
ment. In the evidence of the witness Lake we are told
that during the outbreak in Jamaica
He saw thirty-three men flogged, without a trial, on
the 18th. He saw twelve flogged on the 19tb, eight on
the 20th, and four on the 21st. They had been tried.
They had fifty lashes each. One of the four was a
cripple, apd one a volunteer. On tho 24th, four; on the
25th, eight; on the 26th, five; aud ou the same day
another batch of eghteen ; on the. 27tb, four. On the
28th u itness fell ill. He was present at the first execu-
tion on the 14th of October. Three men and one woman
were hanged. They were sentenced at a court-marliil
at which Colonel Hunt presided. The woman was re-
commended to mercy; Hr. Eyre was at Morant Bay at
that time. Witness saw George Marshall hanged on the
18th without a trial, and on the 21st twenty others. The
latter had been tried. On the 23d nineteen were hanged,
including James Gordon (hung separately) and George
William Gordon. Sixteen were hanged on the 24th, and
'the same number on the 26th. On the 27th, eighteen
were hanged, fifteen men and three women. On the
28th, eleven ."London. Universal News.
This evidence, page on page, makes ones
heart sick. One hardly knows what Christianity
is in our day To save four Englishmen in
Africa, thousands of negroes are slain. Tell it
not in Gath. But Phillips has at. last said a
kind word for an Irishman.
DANIEL OCONNELL.
The object of the British government was evidently
two-fold. It was to rob every Catholic of his landthe
foundation, in British theory, of power. It was to de-
prive the Catholic child of education; and, thus power-
less on the one hand, and ignorant on the other, to hand
the Irish race into the form of service as the footstool of
the British crown. (Applause.) This- systematic effort
of a British ingenuity and malice, for two hundred years
apparent on the surface of its statute-book, is a devilish
and deliberate purpose to crush out Irish nationality by
banishing the Irish race from the island. And large has
been their success. Within twenty years the population
of Ireland has fallen from eight millions to six, instead
of increasing-two or three millions, as it should have
done. And if to the close of this century the process
had gone on as it was going at the commencement, then
would not a single Irish Catholio have owned an acre of
Irish land at ihe commencement of the next century,
This was the code cf which Lord Brougham said that
the malice of the British government had so perfectly ef-
fected its purpose that it seemed impossible for an Irish
Catholic to lift his hand without committing a tres
pass.- This was the code of which Burke said that it
was the most elaborate contrivance to degrade and de-
base a nation and disgrace human nature that ever pro-
ceeded fiom the perverted ingenuity of man. This was
the code of which an English Lord Chancellor said, al-
most in the identical phrase of Chief-Justice Taney,
when he infamously asserted that a'negro had no rights
which a white man was bound to respect. This was the
code of which an English Chancellor said, the theory
of the English law does not admit that an Irish Catholic
has a right to breathe. This was the code, finally, of
which Montesquie asserted that it was conceived by the
devil, written in human blood, and registered in hell.
(Applause.) It remained for a full century in operation,
and if it had been possible to carry it out in its full bit-
nemess the Irish nation would be now matter of his-
tory. But the connivance of Protestant England, tho
gentle courtesies of the human heart, the irrepress-
sible sympathies of neighborhood and relationship,
checked the lull career of this devilish legislation ; and
although it remained in effect a full century, until 1793,
although it steeped Ireland in blood, and sunk her to
the midst in wretchedness, poverty, and ignorance, it
still had only a half-way career. Jn 1793 the dread of tb e
French Revolution on the c tber side of the Channel aw$d
England into justice. Ireland has never won ou single
step from the justice of England ; she got all she has
got from her fears. (Applause.) In 1793, dreading the
effect of the French Revolution, and at the bidding of,
repeated insurrections, England finally swept away some
of the harsh features of this code. Of course, during
ibis long century, Ireland rose again and again in rebel-
lion Like the classic legend of the giant hidden beneath
the Island of Sicily, and disturbing the Mediterranean
by bis struggles, the weight of the British Empire
oh the heads of this victim people wasnothing but one
series, for a full century, of blessed struggles for jus-
tice, equality and right. (Applause.) But the strongest
monarchy of Europe was always conqueror until 1782,
when the great protestant risingfor it was a selfish and
a Protestant risingmainly led by Grattan and his
fellowsummoned the Irish volunteers, 89,000 strong,
into existence, hut the rising earthquake of French
disturbance, and the storm of our young revolution
on this side of the Atlantic, forced Charles James
Fox, at the head of the British Ministry, to con-
cede the independence of. the Irish Parliament and put
the cap-sheaf to the laurels of Henry Grattan. It lasted
hut a very few years. You remember that Grattan said
with such touching pathos at the close of the century,
when ihe Union by fraud and corruption was finally car-
ried : I have stood by the cradle of my country, and I
follow its hearse. This was the great rising of 1798,
when Ireland made her last terrible attempt to right her-
self with her own right hand. Protestant Power and
Protestant hatred reaped the fullest vengeance.Ex.
WendeU Phillipss Lecture on Daniel OConnell.
LET US SHAKE HANDS.
OConnell*was a great man, but what did he
ever do for Ireland ? All his plans \£ere fail-
ures !
It was a triumph that he owed m ainly to eloquence that
was never equalled. Perhaps you doubt my testimony.
If you do I will vouch tor it with the indorsement of a man
who never loved Ireland, and that is John Randolph, of
Roanoke. (Laughter.) When he wentiu and heard O'Con-
nell, the old Virginian cried out, There are the lips, and
this is the tongue of human eloquence." I think he
was right. I have listened to the impressive solemnity
of Webster, been delighted with the grace of Everelt,
dazzled with the rhetoric of Choate ; I know the iron
strength of the logic of Calhoun ; I have been beneath
the magnetism of Henry Clay ; it has been my fortune
to sit at the feet of the great speakers of the English
tongue ou the other side of the water j but I tbink
O'Oonnells oratory blended into one harmonious whole
the solemnity of Webster, the grace of Everett, the logic
of Calhoun, and the magnetism of Clay. (Applause.)
Nature seemed to have intended him for a Demosthenes
of our epoch. She gifted him with everything that goes
to make up the great tribune of the people. In the first
place, he had a magnificent presence, impressive in
hearingimposing like that of JupiterWebster himself
hardly outdid him in the majesty of his appearance.
Phillipss Lecture on OConnell.
That is a high compliment from an eloquent
judge. But again, I ask, what did he do for
Ireland ? The moment his sons accepted place
his hands were tied. His moral suasion
amounted to nothing. He was fifty years
agitating, and left Ireland poorer than when
he espoused her cafise, as Emerson says Napo-
leon left France. The Repeal fund was squan-
dered. The object was futile. The Fenians
have done more for Ireland in five years than
OConnell in fifty.
At Dungarvan I recited in the Hall where he
was once hissed, and where he spoke last, these
beautiful lines, which youxmay wish to preserve
in the columns of The Revolution :
oconnell.
n *;
I saw him at the hour of prayer, when morning's earliest
dawn
Was breaking o'er the mountain topsoer grassy dell
and lawn,
When the parting shades of night had fledwhen moon
and stars were gone,
Before a high and gorgeous shrine, the chieftain kneeled
alone,
His hands were clasped upon his breast, his eye was
raised above
I heard those full and solemn tones in words of faith and
love :
He prayed that those who wronged him might for ever
he forgiven ;
Oh! who would say such prayers as these are not received
in heaven ?
n.
I saw him next amid the best and noblest of our isle
There was the same majestic form, the same heart-
kindling smile I
But grief was on that princely browfor others still he
mourfied,
He gazed upon poor fettered slaves, and his heart within
him burned ;
And he vowed before the captives God to break the cap-
tives chain
To bind the broken heart, and set the bondsman free
again;
And fit he was our chief to be in triumph or in need,
Who never wronged his deadliest foe in thought, or word*
or deed;
m.
I saw him when the light of eve bad iaded from the
West
Beside the hearth that old man sat, by infant forms
caressed;
One hand was gently laid upon his grandchilds cluster-
ing hair,
The other, raised to heaven, invoked a blessing and a
prayer 1
And womans lips were heard to breathe a high and
glorious strain
Those songs of old that haunt us still, and ever will re-
main
Within the heart like treasured gems, that brings from .
memry's cell
Thoughts of our youthful days, and friends that we have
loved so well 1
IV.
I saw that eagle glance againthe brow was marked with
care,
Though rich and regal are the robes the Nations chief
doth wear ;*
Aud many an eye now quailed with shame, aud many a
cheek now glowd,
As he paid them hack with words of love for every curse
bestowd.
I thought of his unceasing care, his never-ending zeal;
I heard the watchword burst from allthe gathering
ory Repeal!
And as his eyes w^re raised to heavenfrom whence his
mission came
Be stood amid the thousands th ere a monarch save in name.
Astbea.
* Written during his Mayoralty.
NOW PHILLIPS HAS TAKEN UP THE IRISH CAUSE I
AM WILLING TO BE FORGIVEN.
Nay, moreI will go further than most men.
I am willing to admit that he was-ahead of me
on the slavery question. He was right. I was
wrong. I was thinking of the negro. He was
looking out for the white man. Slavery was our
weakness. It was a growing tumor that some
day must have destroyed us if no t cut out. As it
was, it occasioned an ocean of blood. But the
dissection has immortalized America. Phillips
is sound on most things now. He is sound on
Grant. On that platform we stand side by side.
I am willing to go for Phillips for President if
he will go for me. To be decided by the one
who is the most popular with the people when
the election comes off.
Tell P. P. 1 will nemr again spell negro with
two g*s.
AN ENGLISH LADY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH PRO-
POSES TO CONVERT MB. TRAIN.
Mrs. Spencer has no opportunity of personally asking
Mr. Train to read the enclosed: she therefore hopes that
he will pardon the liberty she takes in sending them.
The highest and dearest objects to which man can at-
tain in this life, he must leave behind him, when he is
called hence. Neither will they fully satisfy his soul
while here. One thing alone, can fill the heart with


380
MUt gUvfllutiott.
peace and satisfactionthat is, a sure and certain hope
of eternal life above.
As sinners, we are under condemnation of death.
The soul that sinnefch, it shall God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten
Son, that whosoever believeth on Him should not perish,
but havo eternal life.John iii. 16.
Is it not therefore wise, as beings who must live for
ever, to aim beyond this world?
God offers to each of us a mighty gift. The wages
0/ sin is death, but th gift of God is eternal life through
Jesus Christ our Lord.Roman vi. 23. ; and He offers
it upon one condition only He that believeth on the
Son, hath everlasting life, but he that believeth not the
Son, shall not see life, but the wrath of God abldeth on
him.John iii. 36.
Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou Shalt he
saved.,,Acts xvi. 31. x
St. Annes Hill, May 25th.
ME. TRAINS REPLY.
Mr. Trains compliments to Mrs. Spencer. Thanks
for the pamphlet. Thanks for the good advice. You are
frank in writing me, I will be frank in reply. You will
be surprised at the plainness oi my speech. My coun-
trymon have been often amazed by the straight road I
always travel.
' While admiring theories, I believe in practice. The
state of one's digestion has a good deal to do with one's
religion. A disordered stomach will make a bigota
well-arranged digestion constitutes a saint. Wo have now
too much theology and not enough religion. I believe
in the religion of the sun and moon and starsthe wind
aud the song of birdsthe odor of new-mown hay,
and the chatter of little children. Women are but grown
up girls. Men are but grown up boys without, however,
their innocence or virtue. I believe in being good now,
and so live as to be prepared to die. We dont agree about
that after life. All religion is organized for power and
revenue. Stop the tap and you can change a man's faith.
Laugh much, cry little, and take a Turkish bath often is
souad doctrine. Yon will be disturbed when I tell you
that I have been a good man all my daysthat I never
did any wrong. I never pray Lord have mercy on me a
sinner, because I do not admit that I am a sinner. Ho
commandment have I broken, neither do I drink or
smoke or gamble, nor could they make me trim in poli-
tics to be made a President. I have never met any one
who came baok from that other world you speak of, and
in this humbugging age I don't like to take anything on
trust. The Catechism is deceptive. It leads young people
all astray. Who made you. They answerGod I Now, I
am one of those incredulous beings who do not believe
that. Yet this rubbish has gone for many centuries.
The character of the Saviour is beautiful. I follow out
his preoepts. Am I not created in his image? Hove
myself on that account. He was fond-of flowers, and
the women of Bethlehem. I am fond of flowers and the
women of America. My prayer is always to our Mother
who art in Heaven, as well as our Father. I never pray
to him not to lead us into temptation, for I don't believe he
would ever do so. Since the clergymen oi the Established
Church in Ireland have been made to swim without
bladders and walk without crutches, I notice that all the
Orangemen are turning Fenians.
Believe me, madam, appreciative of your good will,
and glad to have pointed out to you one man who don't
consider himself a miserable sinner."
Geobqe Francis Train.
St. Anns, Blarney, May 26,1868.
A LIVING FAITH.
A correspondent of the Boston Journal,
writing from Bristol, England, says, the most
remarkable thing in England is the Orphan
Establishment of George Muller. He has
five large stone houses, each perfect in itself
each surrounded by a stone wall, having its
own lodge, and as distinct as if they were not
connected. Each house will hold 400 children.
No buildings in Boston or New York ior crim-
inal or benevolent purposes equal these Or-
phan Houses of Ashley Downs, for size or com-
pleteness. Mr. Muller has received and expend-
ed on these houses $2,750,000 ; every penny of
which has been sent him voluntarily, without
any solicitation on his part. He feeds, clothes
and educates 1,200 orphan children daily, with
no reliance but the voluntary contributions of
strangers. He has no endowment, no funds,
no great patron, no titled friends, no certain
income. He began his work alone in 1835,
and has carried it on ever since. He believes
in prayer and relies on it. Whatever he wants
he prays for. If he wants health or grace, flour
or money, bricks or clothing, he asks God for
it and gets it. At least he has for 32 years.
He lives in the simplest style and does not
allow himself a louDge or a rocking chair unless
he is sick. He was a poor man when he began,
and he is a poor man to-day, though he has
handled millions of money and could have spent
it as he would. He has several large chapels in
Bristol. They are plain as Quaker meeting-
houses. They are called Salem, Ebenezer,
Gideon, Peace, etc. Muller is a Prussian and
was born in 1805. He was in the Prussian
army and was in early life accounted very
wicked.
Correction.The name of the writer of our
London letter last week is Thomas Mottershead.
A friend says of him : Mr. Mottershead is a
working-man, about forty-five years old, a silk-
weaver. He has been in every movement of the
people for thirty yearsChartist, Trades Union-
ist, etc.,a man of uncommon powers, very
much depressed by caste and class distinction.
He has a great political brain, knows all about
English politics, and understands America a
hundred per cent, better than half our public
men. He ought to have had a broad place, and
in a free social state he would. He writes read?
ily, has 'been silent, too, many years. There
is no opening for him in England; he is too
republican for the press. I have other papers
from him which I will send.
FUNERAL CUSTOMS.
Somebody has said it costs as much to die as
to live. The remark had respect to our funeral
customs. The Salem (Mass.) Register recently
had some excellent criticisms on them which we
are glad to have seen copied by several other
provincial papers. Very truly it says; It is
a serious tax upon the poor, already suffering
enough in the loss, perhaps, of the head and
support of the family, to hire a large number of
coaches as a condition of the attendance of
friends and acquaintances. This was said of
funerals when the distance to the place of burial
did not require carriages except only to con-
form to custom. The Boston Traveller speaking
on the same subject says : >
We hope the good old fashion of walking to the grave
may be .reinstated wherever it can he done. In our large
cities,-where burying within city limits is no longer pos-
sible, carriages are well nigh indispensable. But where-
ever the cemetery is within walking distance, the
old fashion, so respectful and becoming, ought to be
adopted as the rule. Funeral expenses have of late, be-
come fearfully large ; and the cost of from six to ten
carriages, is one very material item in the account. We
should he glad to see a reduction, also, in other direc-
tions, such as in respect to caskets and the dress and or-
naments of the dead, on which hundreds of dollars are
now, not unfrequently, lavished, to moulder in the
grave ; and in costly mourning, which many who can ill
afford it, now feel obliged to adopt that they may not be
counted singular.
The public school teachers of New York have reversed
the ancient maxim of King Solomon, Spare the rod,
and spoil the child." It now reads, Spoil the rod, and
spare not the child." During the past year nearly 200,-
000, practical applications of the maxim have been made
upon the tender innocents of our city.
y
Plutarch says, whoever strikes a child de-
grades himself aud the child also.
The Massachusetts State Temperance Committee have
issued an address urging the friends of temperance to
commence preparations without delay for the coining
election, by the formation of probbiitory clubs in order
to carry theState for the temperance cause.
Gentlemen of Massachusetts, had you done
your duty two years ago, and so amended your
constitution as to give the right of suffrage to
the women of the Old Bay State, you could have
carried your prohibitory laws in the coining
election. Best assured, you can never carry the
temperance reform until you first do this act of
justice.
Mexico Moving.The ladies of Merida, iu
the State of Oajaka, have formed clubs, and are
about starting a paper, to be called the Feminine
Kace, which is to be a Womans Bights organ.
The Mexican press are filled with articles com-
plaining of the notorious inefficiency and ir-
regularity of the Post Office Department. New
weekly papers are springing up all over the
country, a majority of which are Liberal organs,
a few being devoted to mining and literary
interests.
THE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS
REJECTED.
There never has been a lack of professors of
great, principles, and there has always been a
scarcity of practical disciples : talk is cheap,
but no great principle is established without
a real, or (at the time) presumed^ sacrifice.
If there was any one principle undertaken to
be established, in the initiatory of this nation,
it was the principle of the sovereignly of (he in-
dividual, the fundamental right of every gov-
erned person to govern ; and this principle was
held so sound, that it was asserted as self-evi-
dent.
Yet, when it'came to the test, when the time
for organization arrived, a sacrifice was required
a very small one comparatively, as we now see
policy was adopted and principle postponed.
If there was any one thing loudly professed
by the republican party in its inception, it was
the very same, fundamental truths. Yet, has
that party ever performed a single act to show
that it was willing to put its professions into
practice ?
What a person, or a party, does under force,
is not to be placed to their credit as a voluntary
act, and the republican parly has never volun-
tarily inaugurated aud perfected a single meas-
ure in furtherance of the aforesaid principle.
It is not here denied, mind, that nothing has
been done in that direction ; it is denied that
whatever results we see are to be credited to the
virtue of the republican party.
Its commencement was really due to the fear
that the spread of slavery would ruin the coun-
try, not that slavery was contrary to the interest
of the negroes as persons entitled to political
Consideration.
The abolition of slavery was forced upon
it in very desperation of preventing a perma-
nent division of the country and universal bank-
ruptcy.
Its first offer to the southern states to recon-
struct ou a wlute-man basis was positive treason
to its principles as professed ; and its last offer
(that should have been the first), to have
them come in ou the basis of a republican
form of government was most reluctantly
nrifldftj under the taunting of their opponents,
that in keeping out the southern states they
were practical dis unionists.
The party has constantly professed the prin-


mt
fMlttUfl#
Sij
381
ciple of the equality of men before the law,
and whenever presented at the ballot-fcox as
constantly voted down.
As a party, it has been equally loud in its
profession, and false in its practiceshirking
duty every time the opportunity occurred for a
voluntary action of duty, refusing even so poor
a sacrifice as that of its foolish and unfounded
prejudicea mere matter of feeling, and that
of the meanest kind.
As the fathers of the nation, when they found
it in their power to establish a nation on expe-
diency, forgot their self-evident truthsso the
republican party, ip. its success in stratagem and
spoils, has forgotten its chief corner-stone, and
now stands a rebellion against Providence,' the
logic of events, and the nature-of-things.
The republican party, in the blindness of its
success, has failed to see that that success has
been almost uniformly achieved by their oppo-
nents cutting their own throats, else they would
not have given those opponents the same kind
of chance for success, by themselves pursuing
the same policy at the state conventions of New.
York and suffrage convention of New Jersey.. In
the latter convention, called ostensibly for equal
rights, there were three delegates, two. on the
committee on resolutions, and one endeav-
oring to get a hearing therein ; but the com-
mittee peremptorily refused even to consider a re
Solution affirming the right of suffrage based on
citizenship ; yet if that was not a proper meas-
ure to be promulgated on that occasion, then
there was no need of such a convention. In re-
fusing to recognize the talisman of a citizenship
suffrage, the republican party in that conven-
tion stabbed itself, and it may be, inflicted a
mortal wound!
That party has not the exclusive right in this
nation as leconstructors, nor is reconstruction
o: this nation on original fundamental princi-
ples confined to the southern states or to the
admission of any particular class to the ballot
That party has been offered the opportunity of
rising to the true comprehension of the epoch,
and of building wisely and well, and scorned the
offer. But the stone which the builders re-
jected may, through other builders, become
the head of the corner.
No taxation without representation, no
just government without the consent of the
governed, saidthe 4th of July, 1776.
Let the 43h of Juhfa 1868, repeat it!
e. h. s.
TEE NEW ERA.
We progress only as we get new ideas. These are the
fruits of mental culture, which is to the mind what ex-
ercise is to the body. The history of ideas is not always
found in books, but it is written everywhere in the
deeds and habits of a people. If a person is wicked, be
acts accordingly ; and the man who applauds is wicked,
also, or else a hypocrite. When travelling, we need no
one to tell us how intelligent a community is, for in-
. stitutions and manners of living speak an unmistaka-
ble language. Were an inhabitant of another sphere to
come among us, be could not help being surprised to
find a people so far advanced in literature and science,
*and so backward in common sense. We boast of our
churches, schools and humane institutions, and, most of
all, our government, and yet we are still under the con-
trol of customs and rules. We, who are gifted with di-
vine attributes, bow before the weakest intellect, and
the low est of all mankind.
I think it is time for the nineteenth century to
take an observation through the telescope of common
sense, and see how far we have progressed. Appear-
ances indicate that we are still within the confines
of barbarism. Notwithstanding our refinement and
culture, we worship the golden calves of society, quite
as much as ever the Israelites did their golden calves.
Civilization is the fruit of Christian ideas, but we seem
to be afraid of them. The growth of the lqind is anala-
gous to the growth of trees. Thinking does lor the in-
intellect what cultivation -does for com. One can never
be great nor good without aspirations. Vegetation
shows the quality of the soil. We might as well ex-
pect a rose hush to grow on a board as to look tor ideas in
a man who does not meditate. Tbe key to progress is
thought, but it is Important that it springs from high
motives. The trouble with our women is, they are liko
oaks planted in flower potsthey have not room. If a
tree cannot grow in one way it will another. Now wo-
men have run off into all manner of nonsensical contriv-
ances, because they take no interest in the country or
its institutions. The men say they do not need her assist-
ance at the ballot, that woman has all she desiresthe
consequence is, her thoughts take root in poor and
shallow soil. The less interest a people have in thdr
country the more degraded they become. A thinking
person deprived of a voice in the government under
which he lives is a slave.
Woman has developed herself as much as the law al
lows. God gave her the gospel, but man, whom she
loves perverts its meaning. He tells her that it is against
the Bible for a woman to speak in public, and that it Is a
disgrace for her sex to meddle with politics, or to get
out of a sphere which he defines. Man in his strength de-
bases her, then himself, and curses the world with his
offspring. He says, I am coarse; you must not wear the
kind of clothes I do, for on woman they are badges of
degradation. I drink, chew, smoke, swear, lie, steal,
murder, and commit adultery, but you are pure and
holy, and must not imitate me, for you are the mother
of my children. I love, and will five you the fruits of
my vices,' and transmit my weaknesses to our children,
who will grow up, seduce the virtuous, and fill the land
with disease. When your son dies .through his de-
bauchery we will call it consumption, and trust in God
who comforts those who mourn, and chasteneth them
whom he loveth. Our friend, man, continuing, says:
God never intended that woman should make laws to
interfere with her husbands drunkenness. Her duty is
to stay at borne and love him. If she go to the polls,
her vote will be on the same side as his.
Through the brutal luBt of man, woman has become
weak, and she is taught that it is unwomanly and con-
trary to the Scriptures to aspire ; hence she does not
think nor reflect on the real object of life. But the hu-
man mind will grow, and if it is not allowed to follow
one channel, it seeks another. Woman debarred from
the privileges ot her equate, and debased by their sen-
suality, has.turncd her attention to objects petty and
silly. The Turks have Dr. Holland's theory reduced to
a science, and they produce the most beautiful,
soft, delicate and worthless females on the free
otthe earth. Their women wear veils all the while,
but ours only part of the time. Still, alter, all
there is hope, for as woman* ate twice of fixe tree of
knowledge, it is probable that she got about a third
more than Adam. God has filled the soul with his liv-
ing fife, which man with all his ingenuity cannot quench
it Woman, who has never betrayed or crucified her
Saviour, has more than redeemed her sex. Deliver-
ance is fast approaching, and woe to the person who
stands in the way. Christian suffrage is the power
that will loosen the bonds of cotton and steel, and eman-
cipate woman from fashionable slavery.
When she goes up to the polls the scales of ignorance
will fall from her eyes and the reign of calico will end.
Freemasonry, the blackest of human deviltry, will van-
ish like the Dight before the day. When husbands and
wives, brothers and sisters, can enter the Christian Asso-
ciations, no complaint will be made of empty bouses.
Temperance owes, its success to women.
If the secret records of our colleges could be brought
to light, school literature would be covered with a pall
of hideous blackness.
The history of female institutions is one of corruption
the world over, whether in convents or seminaries. A,
girl might as well be in her grave, as to go through the
secret courses of infamy which are taught in these
schools. There is a profound meaning m the sentence,
And the Lord God said: It is not good that the
MAN SHOXTliD BE ATONE.
In the new era, children will grow up as flowers in
June, perfect, healthy and beautiful. When ideas based
on religion rule, theatres will he to let, lor a people
truly intelligent and refined are not enticed by drunken
actors and painted prostitutes.
The conflict has commenced, so down with corsets, para*
sols, veils, false hair, lace bonnets, and the most abomin-
able of all abominations, the present costume. When the
slave becomes free, let him throw aside the emblems of
bondage, and after giving thanks to God, walk forth ar-
rayed in the garb of freedom. Let us have no more
stuffed carcasses, but human beings, fully developed.
I would like to see a company of noble women,
dressed in Zouave stylenot bloomerscome out on
our streets. Indeed, I should consider it an honor to
accompany them up Broadway.
Let the daughters of decency prepare to enlist, for
already the banners of virtue are flying over the grand
army of the Revolution. r. m.
A WORE TO ABUSED WIVES.

Let the marriage question alone, did you say, and
wait for female suffrage to unsnarl the skeinwait for
that monstrous wheel to be turned, which requires the
united strength of the best minds of both sexes, before
one evolution can be accomplished ? Wait for women
to wake from their lethargic slumbers ? wait f or men oc-
cupying positions from which they could, if they liked,
extend a band to carry on this glorious cause ? Wait all
you that wish; but the writer cannot do it. Ten miser-
able years of married life, in which every article of tbe
wifely contract was performed to the letter, and, as far
as possible, in the required spiritten years of abuse,
drunkenness, infidelity and povertyten years of child-
bearing and ohild-nursingdeprived of home comforts
cursed, kicked, and'finally desertedhas led me to a
place where 1 may not say wait. No one can be more
fully alive to the signs of the times; no one can see, with
a clearer vision, the immense benefit accruing to all
from female suffrage, than the writer. But when wan
frees are lifted to minewhen so many are struggling
through the deep .waters, buffeting the same horrible
waves in which my bark came so near being strandedit
is no use to say wait. Why is it that, from thejvery com-
mencement, so much more has been required of women
than men? Who can tell? Who ordained that man
can violate every marriage obligationdrink, abuse, and
then be obeyed f Who decided' that such men's wills
should he the law for wives? Who said that a man
could commit every evil in the calendar, and he winked
at by society, while a woman making the smallest mis-
step from conventional paths shall be everlastingly
frowned down, and spit upon ? Who declared that a
woman must live with a wretch through all sorts of per-
sonal ill-treatment and licentiousness? Who deter-
mined that marriage shall-mean everlasting slavery?
Who says that because a woman has borne one child lor
a man she shall continue to bring others into the world
to be knocked about and finally ruined by a miserable,
drunken father ? Yon, who are suffering this worse than
infernal torments, dont believe a word of such stuff; it is
the most ridiculous balderdash that ever was repeated. In
the first place, yon are committing a deadly sin against
every law of God and decency when you act a wife's
part to such a scamp. .Aman who fails to fulfill his part
of the marital obligation is not entitled to one privilege;
and too many, out of a mistaken idea of wifely duty,
have made themselves helpless invalids ior life. What
business, I ask, bave you, and you, to tamper with your
health and happiness in this despicable style. The poor-
house, the streetanywhere, under the canopy of God's
heaven, is preferable to such a life.
Ah! pleads one, I know it all; but my husband
has money, &Dd with him I can be supported in afflu-
ence.
Money 1 Do I hear aright? Money 1 Let his cursed
money rot with bis dirty carcass! Another says:
Yes; but I love |him ; and, perhaps, I may, by my
patience and perfect unselfishness, be tbe means of bis
reformation.
Go away with your nonsense. A man who can be
dragged down to such depths with a good wife, can never
be raised to manhood by any influence ot hors. Free
yourself, reluso to live with him. Do it, in kindness,
and Christian charity, if yon can; and then try to reform,
him if you please. Come out from under the yoke, all
yoa that have tbe courage, and trust in God and tbe sym-
pathy of your sisters for help in your extremity. Sup-
pose, for a mpment, that in some place, could be gath-
ered the women who are compelled to lead the wretched'
life above described, and Miss Anthony were called upon
to address them, would not her eyes fill with tears,
and her sympathetic heart throb painfully at the eight
before her? Think you she would say wait? No; I
know better. Deliver yourselves from your oppressors:
show that you have the ability and courage to leave such
barbarians to their own darkness and infamy I That's,
the way she would put it, I know; and wait would
be as far from her tongue as double dealing is
from her soul. Where should I have been, to-
day, had I waited for female suffrage to deliver
me ? I shudder at the thought. It strikes me forci-


382

bly th^t this agitation, this fearless expression of opin-
ion, the desire 'and will to free ourselves from such
galling servitude is the very impetus that will give the
wheel of female suffrage the first shove. For women,
who have been trodden under foot, who have sacrificed
themselves on the altar of marriage, and who, at last,
have burst the bonds that bound them, and stepped out
of darkness into marvellous light, are the ones to work
earnestly aud fearlessly for the cause of equal rights.
Who dares dispute it? Divorces, say some, are too easily
obtainedperhaps so. How about New York State ?
Here a woman may not be legally separated from a man
never mind how much personal abuse she may bring
witnesses to testify tounless she has proof positive of
his infidelity. That statute, with a few others, needs
fixing; and I trust that those compelled to suffer its
extremity will give it an overhauling. Just the hardest
evidence in the whole realm of sin to gee at; and so
valuable lives are endangered ; women become spirit-
less machines, with a thing at the crank whose
business it is to grind out constant misery and disgrace.
Walio up dont wait for anybody or anything, for
any new movement or philanthropic action on the part
of society. Remember: Each for herself: and justioe
for all 1 Eleanor Eire,
Manistee, Mich., June 3, 1868.
Dear Revolution: Angel of Help in Woman's
Causewelcome I thrice welcome to our great field I
In the twenty-first number I notice an article from
Eleanor Kirk. The blessings of intelligent women will
follow her, through all time, for her interest and efforts
in our elevation. She says in said article : A lady said
to me, yesterday, Why should I lift up my voice for
this Revolution in social affairs you so strongly advo-
cate ? Religiously and politically my husband and my-
self are one; and our love for each other is of such a
character that Aw wish is my law, and vice versa. Now,
.just that little sentence made every nerve in my body'
to quiver. Words are not at my command to describe
litseffect upon me. My husband and myself also are one,
as nearly as two can be one ; but we should be vastly
separate and dissimilar, religiously, politically and so-
cially, were I to retire within a shell of unpardonable
selfishness, and ask what need have I to lift up my voice
in this Revolution ? No,indeed; the lady had no just
.conception of duty. The moreharmonious the compan-
ionship, the more energetic and faithful ought she to he
in the good work, that the thousands of oar unfortunate
sisters, uncongenially related to everything, may be ele-
vated to a plane where harmony exists.* Work on, sisters-
and brother of The Revolution, the right will
. eventually triumph.
Yours, for human rights, n. z.
+
Women and American Rivers.There is an
-epigram extant by James Smith (one of the
brothers Smith, authors of Rejected Addresses),
which facetiously seems confirmatory and pro-
phetic of the position now taken. It is con-
tained in a note addressed to Lady Blessington,
who was herself a wonderful woman in every
way, and runs thus :
Dear Lady Blessington : When next you see your
American friend, have the goodness to accost him as
follows :
In England rivers all are males,
For instance, Father Thames,
Whoever .in Columbia sails,
Finds them mamselles or dames.
Yes, there the softer sex presides,
Aquatic, I assure ye.
And Mrs. Sippi rolls her tides,
Responsive to Miss Souri.
Tour ladyships faithful and obedient servant,
James Smith.
Good, if True.It begins to be predicted as
well as prayed for that fashion now is going to
do what common sense has failed to accom-
plish-^-namely, to*cut off the long trains from
the female costume. This will be in the inter-
est of common sense and cleanliness, as well as
economy, but it will still be a triumph of fashion,
while the trains cut from the dresses of fashion-
able women will suffice to decently clothe an
equal number of poor creatures who'are naked
ox in tags.
THOSE PROMINENT POLITICIANS.'
The THbme, a few days ago, said : A select company
of prominent politicians and sporting men visited Harry
.mils Club Room yesterday, to witness the great wrest-
ling match for the championship of America aud $1,000,
between Lieut. Ainsworth, of New Haven, and Homer
Lane of Jamestown.
I have it from good authority that Charles A. Dana was
included among that select company of prominent
politicians. It any well known champion of Womans
Rights were to be caught in such a place as Harry Hills
Houston street den, these prominent politicians
would he the first to set up a virtuous howl. R. m.
Progress of the Union Pacific. Railroad.Tele-
graphic dispatches report the completion of 600 miles of
the Union Pacific Railroad. The rapidity with which this
raiJroad has been constructed is without precedent in all
the history of railroad enterprises. Two years ago, only
40 miles had been built, and yet, at the close of the work-
ing season of 1867, 640 miles were in active operation.
Through the winter months an accumulation of material
for extending the road gave promise of renewed vigor
this year, and the fact that 60 miles have been built and
equipped since the frost was so far out of the ground as
to admit of track laying, shows that that promise will be
fulfilled. An immense force of laborersabout ten thou-
sand menis at work under skilful leadership, and before
the end of the season, at least 350 more- miles will be
added to the completed distance. There will he then fin-
ished more than 900 miles west from Omaha, or more than
one-half the distanoe to Sacramento. The Summit of the
Rocky Mountains, the highest point upon the entire line,
has been surmounted and left in the rear by the builder s,
and the industrial army are now on the western slope to-
ward Great Salt Lake.
The Union Pacific Railroad Company, which are doing
this great work, are offering for sale their First Mortgage
Bonds at par and accrued interest from January 1st, in
currency. They are for 1,000 each, have thirty years to
run, pay 6 per cent, gold interest, and principal as-well
as interest is payable in gold. These Bonds are issued
only as'the road progresses. The government loans to
aid in building the road, United States Bonds to the fol-
lowing amounts : $16,000 per mile from the Missouri to
the Rocky Mountains, a distance of about 562 miles; 48,-
000 per 'mile for the 150 miles through the mountains,
and $32,000 per mile thereafter. The Company are then
authorized to issue their own Bonds to aD equal amount,
and no more. During last year, about twelve million
dollars of these Bonds were sold, based upon the number
of miles completed. The entire line to the Pacific will be
completed in 1370, when the traffic and profit of the road
must be immense.
The Companys Bonds have unusual provisions for se-
curity. The charter granted by Congress makes them a
First Mortgage upon the entire line, taking precedence
even of the governments chum, the latter holding a sec-
ond lien as security for its advances. The receipts from
way business already show a remarkably successful ope-
ration of the line. During the eights months ending
December 31, 1867, the net earnings were more than
three times the interest upon the Companys Bonds, and
the traffic must be greatly increased as the road pr
greases.
OUR AGENTS.
Mbs. P. M. Kelsey, 329 Hudson st., N. Y. City.
C. A. Hammond, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mbs. O. Squires, Utica, N. Y.
Mbs. M. A. Newman, Binghamton, N. Y.
Miss Maria S. Page, Lynn, Mass.
Jessie R. Tilton, Worcester, Mass.
Mbs. J. A. P. Clough, Providence, R. I.
Mrs. E. P. Whipple, Groton Bank, Conn.
Mbs. R. B. Fischer, 923 Wash st., St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. M. H. Brineerhoff, Utica, Mo.'
Mrs. A. L. Quimby, P. O. Box 117, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mrs. E. A. Kingsbury, Iowa.
Mrs. L. C. Dundobe, Baltimore, Md,
Miss Claib R. DEvere, Newport, Maine.
Mbs. H. M. F. Brown, Chicago, HI.
Mbs. G. L. Hilderbrand, Fond Du Lac, Wis.
Mbs. Julia A. Holmes, Washington, D. 0.
Mrs. R. S. Tenney, Lawrence, Kansas.
Mrs. Geo. J. Martin, Atchison, Kansas.
Mbs. Geo. Roberts, Ossawatomie, Kansas.
Hon, S. D. Houston, Junction City.
Mrs. Laura A. Bebby, Nevada.
Mb.J. Burns, No. 1 Wellington Road, Camberwell, Lon-
don, England.
(finmwul iqmfiwmt.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE,
Greenbacks for Money. An Ammcan System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
F'ee. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. Hew York the Financial
Centre of the World. TVail Street emancipated
from .Bank of England', or American Cash for
American Bills. The Oi'edit Fonder and Ch'edil
Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the Southland our Mining Interests,
and to People the Gounh'y from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San l&ancisco. More organized -
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five. Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman's Bureau for the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whiles t
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. XXIV.
Tails among the Brokers in Wall Street*
The week has been a dull one in Wall street as the
leading Brokers have been absent at the Jerome Park
races but the Cliques have taken care to make the market
strong and advance prices a little higher. The talk is
that the
NEW YORK CENTRAL .CLIQUE
is going to do something at last, and that ,
WORK DAVIS AND BARTON
sold a put on New York Central, at thirty days for
10,000 SHARES AT 130 _
which was bought by
DICK SHELL, BLOODGOOD,
and others, and that they bought against it this week
which has stiffened the market and made things look
very pleasant considering. The talk in
ERIE
is the revival of the old story that the 50,000 shares of
new stock are to he withdrawn and replaced by convert-
ible bonds but nobody believes anything that is said
about Erie. The talk is about
PACIFIC MAIL
and the way the President,
MB. LOUIS mlANE,
is using up the company as fast as he can. The talk is
whether Mr. Louis MLaneacts as he does against the
interests of Pacific Mail and writes these bear reports
about it for the purpose of running down tbe price so
that he and his friends may
BUZ THE STOCK CHEAP.
The talk is tbat
WELLS FARGO & CO.
have seen their best days and that they will die out now
they have lost the business of Pacific Mail and the
government subsidy to California. Tbe talk is that the
BUSINESS OF WALL STREET
is gding more into government bonds and leaving the
stock market, that
MONEY LENDERS ARE FRIGHTENED
at the high prices and the watered stocks and litiga-
tion. The talk is that the
MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY
is likely to be involved in new litigation this Fall with
some of the old
LA CROSSE BONDHOLDERS


383

and that some
UGLY DEVELOPMENTS
will be made in connection with the formation of the
company. The talk is that the Banks and money lend-
ers are
THROWING OUT MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL
shares as collaterals and that
F. P. JAMES, RUSSELL, SAGE
and others will be brought
CONSPICUOUSLY BEFORE THE PUBLIC
in these new trials. The talk is that
GOVERNMENT BONDS
and first class railway mortgages are the
ONLY SAFE COLLATERALS
to sleep on, that the stock market is a risky thing to
touch either long or short or as a collateral. The talk
is what is going to become of tbe cliques and clique
stocks ?
THE MONEY MARKET
this week has been the most extraordinary on record
in the United States, loans having been made as low as
at the rate of 1 per cent, per annum, while the leading
government bond dealers were offered, at- 2 to 3 per
cent, more than they could use. Loans on govern-
ments -were made at 3 to 4 per cent, and on stock col-
laterals at 4 to 5 per cent., with the supply largely in ex-
cess of the demand. Prime business paper is scarce
and wanted at 5 to 6 per cent. The weekly bank state-
ment shows a continuance of bank expansion, the loans
having reached .the highest point of the year.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
June 6th June 13th Differences.
Loans, $273,792,367 $275,142,024 Inc. $1,349,657
Specie, 14,328,531 11,193,631 Dec. 3,134,900
Circulation, 34,188,159 ' 34,166,846 Inc. '21,318
Deposits, 209,089,655 210,670,765 Inc. 1,158,110
Legal-tenders, 68,822,028 69,202,840 Inc. 380,812
THE GOLD MARKET
4
is strong, with an advancing tendency, owing to the
large exports of specie, and a considerable short inter_
est, which has been created in anticipation of the large
disbursements of coin by government, on July 1st, of
about $39,000,000.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows : Opening. -Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, C, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Monday, 8, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Tuesday, 9, 139% 139% . ' 139% 139%
Wednesday, 10, 139% 139% 139% 139%
Thursday, 11, 139% 140 139% 140
Friday, 12, 140 140% 139% 140%
Saturday, 13, 140 140 189% 140
Monday, 15, 140% 140% 140 140%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is without change. Prime bankers sixty days sterling
bills are 110% to 110%, and sight 110% to 110%. Francs
on Paris, long, 5.13% to 5.12%; and short, 5.10% to
6.10.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were dull during the week, and declined from % to %
per cent, owing to the stormy weather, and the natural
reaction after the extraordinary business of the preced-
ing six weeks; but on Saturday there was an active de-
mand and prices advanced from % to % per cent, clos-
ing strong, with an advancing tendency. The leading
government bond dealers have been buying all the
round lots that offered during the last ten days, in prep-
aration for the extraordinary demand, which is expected
in July, alter the disbursements of the dividends and
interest. These will aggregate from $60,000,000 to
$70,000,000, and the bulk will be used in buying govern-
ments and other first-elass investment securities. The
bonds of the Central Pacific Railroad Company have
been very aotive during the week at 103 and interest;
and those of the Union Pacific, at 100 and interest.
Railway mortgages are much inquired for, and the few
that offer are picked up readily at high and advancing
prices. The bonds of the Chicago and Great Eastern
Railroad Company are much inquired for, as they are
convertible into the first mortgage bonds of the Colum-
bus, Chicago and Indiana Central Road, which are is-
sued at the rate of only $25,000 per mile> and the net
earnings of the road are 60 per cent, more than the
amount of interest on the bonds.
Fisk & Hatch, 6 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Coupon, 1881,116% to 117 ; 5-20Coupon, 1862, 112% to
112% ; 5-20 Coupon, 1864, 110% to 110% ; 5-20;Coupon,
1865, 110% to il0%"5 5-20 Coupon, Jan. and July, 1865,
113% to 113% J 5-20 Coupon, 1867, 113% to 114; 10-40
Coupon, 106% to 106%; June, 7-30, 109% to 109%; July,
7-30, 109% to 109%.,
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was firmer, and prices at the close had an upward ten-
dency.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 50 to 50%; Boston W. P 22 to ;
Cumb. Coal, 33 to 34; Wells, Fargo & Co., 26 to 26% ;
American Express, 52 to 63% ; Adams Express, 66%
to 56%; UnitedStates Express, 54% to 55%; Merchants
Union Express, 28% to 28%; Quicksilver, 26 to 26% ;
Mariposa, 4 to 5; do. preferred, 7% to 8% ; Pacific
Mail, 97% to 97% ; Atlantic Mail, 31 to 84 ; W. U. Tel.,
37% to 38%. ; New York Central, 135 to 135% ; Erie,
69% to 69% ; preferred, 75% to 76 ; Hudson River, 140
to ; Reading, 97% to 97% ; Tol. W. & W., 48% to 48% ;
preferred, 68 to 69; Mil. & St. P., 66% to 67; preferred
77% to 78% ; Ohio & M. C. 29% to 29% ; Mich. Cen.,
121 to 122; Mich. South, 89% to 89%; 111. Central,
154% to 157; Cleveland & Pittsburg, 88% to 88%;
Cleveland & Toledo, 107 to 107% J Rook Island, 104% to
104% ; North Western, 70% to 71)% preferred, 83% to
88%; Fort Wayne, 111% to 111%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $1,690,144 in gold against $1,
905,007, $2,258,144, and $2,184,800 for the preceding
weeks. The imports of merchandise for the week
were $5,013,085 in gold against $4,259,340, $5,635,-
567 and $3*470,371 for the preceding weeks. Tbe ex-
ports, exclusive of specie, were $2,546,370, in currency,
against $2,692,824, $3,657,521, and $4,035,781 for the
preceding weeks. The exports of specie were $2,967,-
321 against $3,575,594, $4,211,723, $3,947,638 and $8,15$;
457 for the preceding weeks.
H
OW TO PURCHASE A HOUSE
FOR $15.80 PER MONTH l
WITH
IMMEDIATE POSSESSION AND NO RENT TO PAY! I
APPLY TO CO-OPERATIVE BUILDING BANE,
202 Broadway.
HOW TO BUY A LOT FOR $2.00 PER WEEK l
With Immediate Possession for Building or Gardening
purpose. Apply at the Offices of the
CO-OPERATIVE BUILDING BANK, 202 BROADWAY.
HOW TO INVEST YOUR MONEY SAFELY
, . At 7 per cent, interest,
APPLY TO CO-OPERATIVE BUILDING BANK,
202 Broadway.
Interest invariably reckoned from date of deposit to date
of withdrawal. Open from 10 a. m., to 4 p. m. Mon-
days and Fridays till 8 p. m.
Circulars giving full particulars, mailed free, on appli-
cation. J. ANDREW, Secretary.
194t.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
J-^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman Sfc., New York.
gEXOLOGY
AS THE
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE,
IMPLYING
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT,
BY
MRS. ELIZABETH O. G. WILLARD.
The most important work on the true nature and
position of Woman yet published, by the testimony of
many eminent critics.
1 VoL large 12mo.* Nearly 500 pages, bound in cloth.
Published and for sale by J. R. Walsh, of the Western
News Company, Chicago, I1L, and sold at retail by the
trade generally. Pi ice $2, or 2,25 whefi sent by man,
eow tf.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE TRACTS
for sale at the office of THE REVOLUTION.
Enfranchisement of Women, by Mrs. John Stuart
Mill.
Suffrage for Women, by John Stuart Mill, M.P.
Freedom for Women, by Wendell Phillips.
Public Function of Woman, by Theodore Parker.
Woman and her Wishes, by Col. t. W. Higginson.
Responsibilities of Women, by Mrs. C. I. H. Nichols.
Womans Duty to Vote, by Henry Ward Beecher.
Universal Suffrage, by Eltzabth Cady Stanton.
The Mortality of Nations, by Parker Pillsbury.
Impartial Suffrage, by an Illinois Lawyer.
Suffrage a Right, not a Privilege, by J. H. K. Wilcox.
Equal Rights for Women, by George William Curtis.
Should Women Vote? Affirmative Testimonials of
Sundry Persons.
Price per Single Copy 10 els.; per Hundred Copies $5;
per Thousand Copies $40.
Orders should be addressed to Susan B. Anthony,
Proprietor of THE REVOLUTION, 37 Park Row,
(Room 20), New York.
Y^ECTURES AND SPEECHES -
OF
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1867. Price
25 cents.
SIX WEEKS IN THE WEST.
Protection to American Iudustry, versus British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 125 pages.
1866. Price 25 cents.
FENIANISM.
Speech on Irish Independence and English Neu-
trality, delivered before the Fenian Congress and
*Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18, 1865. Price 25 cents.
Speeches in England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents.
UNION SPEECHES.
Delivered in EngJand during the American War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents. .
TRAIN'S UNION SPEECHES.
Second Series. Delivered in England during the
American War. Price 25 cents.
SPEECH ON THE DOWNFALL OF ENGLAND.
And a Sermon on the Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17, 1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Lie?
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
150 pages. 1860. Price 26 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mail, at
prices named.
For sale at the office of
THE REVOLUTION,
37 Park Row (Room 17),
New York.
C~ LOTHING! CLO THING! CLOTHING!
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MEN'S AND BOYS* CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and diupatch, by the
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
0HEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekman St., top floor.


384
ft* fUvoltttioti.
The Revolution.;
THE ORGAN OF THE
NATIONAL PARTY OP NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
600 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Sixty miles of track
have been laid ibis spring, and the work along the whole
line between the Atlantic and Pacific States is being
pushed forward more rapidly than ever before. More
than twenty thousand men are employed, and it is not
impossible that the entire track, Horn Omaha to Sacra-
mento, will be finished in 1869 instead of 1870. The
means provided are ample, and all that energy, men and
money can do to secure the completion of this
GREAT NATIONAL WORK,
at the earliest possible day, will be done.
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in draits or other funds
par-in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
oharge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for their safe deliver}'.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub.
lished by the Company, giving fuller information than
is possible in an advertisement, respecting the Progress
of Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J, CISCO, Treasurer,
May 25, 1868. New York.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS :
1. Ik PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Annies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with the People !
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Sciencenot Superstition.
3. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ly and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold,
like our Cotton apd Corn, for sale. Greenbacks for
money. An American System of Finance, American
Products and Labor Free. Open door? to Artisans
and Immigrants.
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steamships
and Shipping; or American goods in American bottoms.
New York the Financial Centre of the World. Wall
Street emancipated from Bank of England, or American
Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized io Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
The UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY receive :
I. A GOVERNMENT GRANT of the right of way, and
all necessary timber and other materials found along
the line of its operations.
II. -A GOVERNMENT GRANT of 12,800 acres of land to
the mile, taking in alternate sections on each side of
its road. This is an absolute donation, and will be a
source of large revenue in the future.
in.A GOVERNMENT GRANT of United States Thirty-
year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to $48,000 per
mile, according to the difficulties to be surmounted on
the various sections to be built. The Government
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount
may be paid in services rendered by the Company in
transporting troops, mails, etc. The interest is now
much more than paid in this way, besides securing a
great saving in time and money to the Government.
'IV.A GOVERNMENT GRANT of the right to issue its
own FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS, to aid in building
tbe road, to the same amount as the U, S. Bonds,
issued for the same purpose, and no more. The Gov-
ernment Permits the Trustees for the First Mortgage
Bondholders to deliverthe Bonds to the Company only
as the road is completed, and after it has been ex-
amined by United States Commissioners and pro*
nounced to be in all respects a first-class Railroad, laid
with a heavy T rail, and completely supplied with
depots, stations, turnouts, car shops, locomotives,
cars, eto.
V. A CAPITAL STOCK SUBSCRIPTION from the stock-
holders, of which over Eight Million Dollars have been
paid in upon the work already done, and which will be
increased as the wants of the Compaoy require.
VI. NET CASH EARNINGS on its Way Business, that
already amount to mobe than the interest on the
First Mortgage Bonds. These earnings are no indica-
tion of the vast through traffic that must follow the
opening of tbe line to the Pacific, but they certainly
prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
J L. HAELEM,
Manufacturer of
FINE SIL VER-PLATED WARE,
Including
ICE PITCHERS,
TEA SETS, COFFEE URNS,
FRUIT AND BERRY DISHES, SALVERS,
TABLE AND BREAKFAST CASTORS,
CAKE BASKETS, BUTTER DISHES,
CUPS, GOBLETS, PICKLE STANDS, FLOWER VASES,
N KNIVES, FORKS, SPOONS,
&c., Ac.
Full weight of silver guaranteed.
Hotels and restaurants furnished on liberal terms.
Orders £y mail promptly executed.
74 Maiden Lane, near William street.
ESTABLISHED IN 1857.
BEAT NATIONAL PAINTING.
THE NEW REPUBLIC,
OB,
EMANCIPATION.
A splendid Allegorical picture by the celebrated artist,
Ferdinand Pauwls, Profor of tbe Academy at Weimar
On exhibition at the ART GALLERY, 845 Broadway,
N. Y., from 9 A. M. tj 10 P. M. 21-24
pARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GBEAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &a
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
Brotherhood of Labor.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
($10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PILLSBURY,
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
97 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line.....................20 cents.
Ono Months insertion, per lino................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line..............16 emits.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row, New York.
THE REVOLUTION"
may be had of the American News Company, New
York; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Louis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.
. R. J, JOHNSTON,. Publisher.
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their-
amount,
ABE SECURE BEYOND ANY CONTINGENCY.
The Company have abundant means in their treasury,
and make no appeal to the public to purchase their
Bonds, as ihe daily subscriptions are entirely satisfactory;
but they submit that, for entire security and liberal
returns, there is certainly no better investment in the
market.
The Union Pacific Bonds are for $1,000 each, and have
coupons attached. They have thirty years to run, and
bear annual interest, payable on the first days of Janu-
ary and July at the Companys. Office in tbe City of New
York, at the rate of six per cent, in gold. The Principal
is payable in gold at maturity. At the present rate of
gold, these bonds pay an annual income on their cost of
NEARLY NINE PER CENT.,
AND JT IS BELIEVED THAT THEY MAY SOON BE
AT A PREMIUM.
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices.' Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please, call or send your orders.
W PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by 28.
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point, .
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp. ' **
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln,
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
The Company reserve the right to advance the price to
a rate above par at any time, and will not fill any orders
or receive any subscriptions on which the money-has
not been actually paid at the Companys office before
the time of such advance. Subscriptions will be re-
ceived in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J, CISCO A SON, Bankers, No; 59 Wall street,
RIOTING AND STEREOTYPING,
t
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF every description.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-ly New York.


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