Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
m* Mmltttiatt,
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. I.NO. 25.
HEW YORK, THURSDAY, JUNE 25, 1868. single*cor cents.
£&f lii'iiiiliitiiui.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBTJRY, ) ^aitors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
WOMAN AS WITCH.
Witches were always numerous compared
with wizzards. Womans first mishap in Eden
has always been against her. Her devil dalliance
there has pursued her ever since, Innocent, im-
maculate man has suffered somewhat, but it was
all due to woman. Wo-man, was the anathema
punned in her very name. Pity he ever'parted
with a rib to be plagued. More witches than
wizards are always easily accounted for. Whole
benches of bishops have found the reason to be,
.womans superior weakness on the one hand
and wickedness on the other. Civil rulers,
from King Saul of Israel to King James of Eng-
land, have acquiesced in that high and holy
decision. Indeed* it was said of James that he
was as proud of being Malleus Malificarum as
Defender of the Faith. He wrote, reasoned
and declaimed on witchcraft, and punished
it with frightful severity. His Warfare
against Old.Women, as it was called, con-
tinued through his reign, and made havoc of
human life, mainly of woman life. Witch de*
tectives were part of his diabolical machinery;
and their scent was keener than jackals. If
a poor old creature vented her rage against
her persecutors in imprecations, on them or on
their goods, woe to her if they afterward suffered
any loss pf them. That proved her league with
the fell destroyer. If in the dotage of age she
talked or mumbled to herself, she must be hold-
ing converse with invisible demons, and no fur-
ther proof was required. If a child sickened
beyond the skill of ignorance, quackery, or the
prayers of superstition to restore, a witch was
at the bottom, and the child was conjured to
name her (generally a her), and'torture, the
stake, or both, followed forthwith. The detec-
tives' became such experts that they could de-
tect a witch by her cat, a mouse in her wall, or
a bird on her tree. There was one wretch named
Hopkins who became famous or infamous
throughout the kingdom for his diabolical
skill as a witch-hunter. He it was who dis-
covered the wondrous test by water. The sus-
pected was tied hand and foot and thrown into
deepwater. If she sunk, of course that was
the end of her, though it proved her innocence.
If she floated, that proved her guilt, and away
she went to firey torments, and thence immedi-
ately to the hotter fires of hclL Many of his
victims were hung, sixty in the county of Suf-
folk, in a single year. In Scotland the perse-
cution raged at the same time with even greater
fury. Accused persons were often put to tortures
and torments indescribable. Even witnesses
frequently went to the rack. Many thousands
of poor, old innocents, mostly women, suffered
violent and terrible deaths through this grim
and bloody superstition. Religion was made to
sanctify the whole abomination. Woman held
commerce with the devil among the apple
trees. Apple trees are supposed, the Bible
overlooks the name of the fruit. But woman
opened the first door to sin, and in Eves fall
(not Adams) we sinned all. Then Moses en-
acted awful laws for woman, this one, namely :
e< Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live key-
note to the Mghtfhllest oratorio that ever stun-
ned .the ears of mortals. It lings in terror
down all the ages, even unto this. hour. The
church' has never yet spoke truly on the sub-
ject, any more in the nineteenth century after
Christ than in the nineteenth before, and in her
keeping is it, and ever has been. It began in
theology, it abides there still; and woman is
yet under that peculiar curse. Nine-tenths of
the human family are yet victims to that ter-
rible superstition. It is confined to no form of
religion. No form is exempt from it. It broods
and flourishes most in the deepest darkness,
but nowhere yet is the fearful delusion wholly
dispelled. p. p.
MRS. O'DONOVAN ROSSA.
Since our last paper was issued, we have had
the pleasure of listening to this talented young
Irish womana little over twenty years of age.
A large and enthusiastic audience in Cooper In-
stitute greeted her first appearance in this
country. Mrs. Rossa has all the elements of
success. Her manner is prepossessing, her face
beautiful, her form symmetrical, her enuncia-
tion perfect, and her voice, in richness, fulness,
and power, unsurpassed by any woman who has
yet spoken in this country. She was escorted to
the platform by the Hon. Horace Greely, who
was most assiduous in his attentions.during the
entire evening, gathering her bouquets and
handing her' to the front of the stage at each
separate reading. We remembered (Oh, wicked
Revolution) that this some Horace refused to
escort his own country women to the ballot-box
iu New York and Kansas, and we wondered if
this elaborate courtesy to Erins fair daughter
might not have something to do with the mil-
lion Irish votes at the coming election. But
the lady did recite grandly from some of the
choicest .poets of the day, and was received with
wild applause. We hops her magnificent voice
may bo heard all over this land, not only in re-
producing the thoughts of others, but in giving
utterance to the inspirations of her own soul.
An eye-witness to the sufferings of her people
under British tyranny, she might speak with
peculiar power for Irish nationality and free-
dom, demanding not only the emancipation of
her countrymen from the oppressions of Eng-
land, but from the sectarian and political tram-
mels that enslave and degrade them in America.
The Boston Pilot thus speaks of Mrs. ODono-
vah Rossa and her noble husband.
Ike name of ODonovan Rossa is known all over this
continent as that of the patriotic editor of a Dublin
journal who stood up in defence of the rights and
honors of his native land, and who is now wearing
out his noble life in the convict pens of England. His
wife, after the sacrifice of her husbands property by tbc
English government, has visited this country, and turn-
ing her talents to account is aboutentering on the pro-
fession of a public reader. A poetess of marked ability,
we bolieve she has already published one or two vol-
umes. She readily enters into the spirit of the authors
she impersonates, and, gifted with great natural attrac-
tions, her success with the peopleofthiscoxintry should
be assured. Her first reading took place at Cooper In-
stitute on the evening of the 16th of June.
THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLSTONCBAFT1790
CHAPTER Hi
THE' PREVAILING OPINION OF A SEXUAL CHARAC-
TER DISCUSSED.
To account for and excuse the tyranny of man, many
ingenious arguments have been brought forward to
prove that the two sexes, jin the acquirement of virtue,
ought to'aim at attaining a very different character; or,
to speak explicitly, women are not allowed to have suffi-
cient strength of mind to acquire what really deserves
the name of virtue. Yet it would seem, allowing them
to have souls, that there is but one way appointed by
providence to lead mankind to either virtue or happi-
ness.
If then women are not a swarm of ephemeron trillers
why should they be kept in ignorance under the specious
name of innocence? Men complain, and with reason,
of the follies and caprices of our sex, when they do not
keenly satirize our headstrong passions and grovelling
vices. Behold, I should answer, the natural effect of
ignorance 1 The mind will evor he unstable that has
only prejudices to rest on, aDd the current will run with
destructive fury when there arc uo barriers to break its
force. Women are told from their infancy, and taught
by the example of their mothers, that a little knowledge
of human weakness, justly termed cunning, softness of
temper, outward obedience, and a scrupulous attention
to a puerile kind of propriety, will obtain for them the
protection of man ; and should they he beautiful, every
thing else is needless, for at least twenty years of their
lives.
Thus Milton describes our first frail mother; though
when he tells ua that women are formed for softness
and sweet attractive grace, I cannot comprehend his
meaning, unless, in the true Mahometan strain, he
meant to deprive us of souls, and insinuate that we
were beings only designed by sweet attractive. grace,
and docile blind obedience, to gratify the senses of
man when he can no longer soar on the wing of con-
templation.
How grossly do they insult us, who thus advise us
only to render ourselves gentle, domestic brutes 1 For
instance, the winning softness, so warmly and frequently
recommended, that governs by obeying. What childish
expressions, and how insignificant is the beingcan it
bean immortal onewho will condescend to govern by
such sinister methods ? Certainly, says Lord Bacon,
man is qf kin to the beasts by his body; and if he
be not of kin to God by his spirit, he is a base and
ignoble creature! Men, indeed, appear to me to act
in a very unphilosophical manner, when they try to
secure the good conduct of women by attempting to keep
them always in a state of childhood. Rousseau was
more consistout when he wished to stop the progress of
reason in both sexes; for if men eat of the tree of know-
ledge, women will come in for a taste; but, from the im-
perfect cultivation which their understandings how
receive, they only attain a knowledge of evil.


386 -
Childron, I grant, should bo iu&ocent; but when the
epithet is applied to men, or women, it is but a civil
term for weakness. For if it be allowed that women
were destined by Providence to acquire human virtues,
and by the exorcise of their understandings, that sta-
bility of character which is the firmest ground to rest
our future hopes upon, they must be permitted to turn
to tho fountain of light, and not forced to shape their
course by the twinkling of a mere satellite. Milton, I
grant, was of a different opinion ; for he only bends to
the indefeasible light of beauty, though it would be
difficult to render two passages, which I now mean to
contrast, consistent; but into similar inconsistencies
arc great men often led by their senses:
To whom thus Eve with perfect beauty adorned:
My author and disposer, what thou bidst
Unarguod I obey ; so God ordains ;
God is tby law, thou mine; to know no more
Is woman's happiest knowledge and her praise."
These are exactly the arguments.that I have used to
children ; but I havo added, Tour reason is now gain-
ing strength, and, till it arrives at some degree of
maturity, you must look up to me for advice ; then you
ought to thinlc, and only rely on God.
Yet, in the following lines, Milton seems to coincide
with me, when he makes Adam thus expostulate with
hie Maker: '
Hast thou not made me here thy substitute,
And these inferior for beneath me set ?
Among unequals what society
Can sort, what harmony or delight ?
Which must be mutual, in proportion due
Given and reoeived; but in disparity
The one intense, the other still remiss
Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove
Tedious alike : of fellowship' I speak
Such as I seek fit to participate
All rational delight."
In treating, therefore, of the manners of women, let
us, disregarding sensual arguments, trace what we should
bndeavor to make them in order to co-operate, if the ex-
pression he not too bold, with the Supreme Being.
By individual education, I meanfor the sense of the
word is not precisely definedsuch an attention to a
ohild a swill slowly sharpen the senses, form the temper,
regulate the passions, as they begin to ferment, and set
the understanding to work before the body arrives at
maturity ; so that tho man may only have to proceed,
not to begin the important task of learning to think and
reason.
To prevent any misconstruction, I must add, that I
do not believe that a private education oan work the
wonders which some sanguine writers have attributed to
It. Men and women must be educated, in a great degree,
by the opinions and manners of the society they live in.
In every age thore has been & stream of popular opinion
that has carried all before it, and given a family charac-
ter, as it were, to the century. It may, then, fitirly be
Inferred, that, till society be differently constituted,
much cannot be expected from education. It Is, how*
evor, sufficient for my presont purpose to assert, that,
whatever effect circumstances have on the abilities,
every being may become virtuous by the exercise of its
oivn reason; for if but one being was created with
vicious inclinationsthat is, positively badwhat can
save us from atheism ? or if we worship a-God, is not
that God a devil?
Consequently, the most perfect eduoutlon, In my
opinion, Is, such an exercise of the understanding as is
best calculated to strengthen the body and form the
heart; or, in other words, to enable the individual to
attain such habits of virtue as will render it independ-
ent. In fact, it is a farce to call any being virtuous
whose virtues do not result from the exercise of,its own
reason. This was Kousseaus opinion respecting men j
I extond it to women, and confidently assert that they
have been drawn out of their sphere by falsexeflnement,
and not by an endeavor to acquire masouline qualities.
Still the regal homage which they receive is so intoxicat-
ing. that, till the manners of the times are changed,
and formed on more reasonable principles, it may beim-
possible to convince them that the illegitimate power,,
which they obtain by degrading themselves, is a curse,
and that they must return to nature and equality, if they
wish lo scoure the plaoid satisfaction that unsophistica-
ted affections impart. But for this epoch we must wait-
wait, porhaps, till kings and nobles, enlightened by
reason, and preferring the real dignity of man to child-
ish state, throw off their gaudy hereditary trapping* ;
and if then women do not resign the arbitrary power of
beauty, they will prove that they have few mind than
man,
I may be accused of arrogance; still I must declare,
what I firmly believe, that all the writers who have
written on the subject of female education and manners,
from Bousseau to Dr, Gregory, have contributed to
render woman more artificial, weaker characters, than
they would otherwise have been; and consequently,
more useless members of society. I might have-ex-
pressed this conviction in a lower key ; but I am afraid
it Would have been the whine of affectation, and not the
faithful expression of my feelings, of the clear result,
which experience and reflection have led me to draw.
When I come lo that division of the subject, I shall
advert to the passages that I more particularly disap-
prove of, In the works of the authors I have just alluded
to ; but it is first necessary to observe, that my objec-
tion extends to the whole purport of those books, which
tend, in my opinion, to degrade one hajf of the human
species, mid render women pleasing at the expense of
every solid virtue.
Though to reason on Bousse&fi's ground, if man did
attain a degree of perfection of mind when his body
arrived at maturity, it might be proper in order to make
a man and his wife one, that she_should rely entirely
on his understanding ; and the graceful ivy, clasping
the oak that supported it, would form a whole in which
strength and beauty would be equally conspicuous.
But, alas I husbands, as well as their helpmates, are
often only overgrown children; nay, thanks to early
debauchery, scarcely men in their outward form, and if
the blind lead the blind, one need not come from heaven
to tell us the consequence.
Many are the causes that, in the present corrupt state
of society, contribute to enslave women by cramping
their understandings and sharpening their senses. One,
perhaps, that silently does more mischief than all the
rest, is their disregard of order.
To do everything in an orderly manner, is a most im-
portant precept,, which women, who, generally speaking,
receive only a disorderly kind of education, seldom at-
tend to with that degree of exactness that men, who,
from their infancy, are broken into method, observe.
This negligent kind otguess-work, for what other epithet
can be used to point out the random exertions ot a sort
of instinctive common sense, never brought to the test
of reason ? prevents their generalizing matters of fret,
so they do to-d&y what they did yesterday, merely be-
cause they did it yesterday.
This contempt of the understanding in early life has
more baneful consequences than is commonly supposed;
for the little knowledge which women of strong minds
attain, is, from various circumstances, of a more desul-
tory kind than the knowledge of men, and it is acquired
more by sheer observations on early life, than from
comparing what has been individually observed with
the results of experience generalized by speculation.
Led by their dependent situation and domestic employ-
ments more into society, what they learn is rather by
snatches; and as learning is with them, in general, only
a secondary thing, they do not pursue any one branch
with that persevering ardor necessary to give vigor to
the faculties, and clearness to the judgment. In the
present state of society, a little learning is required to
support the character of a gentleman ; and boys are
obliged to submit to a few years of discipline. But in the
eduoation of women the cultivation otthe understanding
is always subordinate to the acquirement of some corpo.
real accomplishment; even while enervated by confine-
ment and false notions of modesty, thebody is prevented
from attaining that grace and beauty which relaxed, half-
formed limbs never exhibit. Besides in youth their
faculties are notbroughtforward by emulation ; and hav-
ing no serious scientific study, if they have natural saga-
city it is turned too soon on life and manners. They
dwell on effects, and modifications, without tracing them
back to causes ; and complicated rules to adjust be-
havior are a weak substitute for simple principles.
As a proof that eduoation gives this appearence of
weakness to female's, we may instance the example of
military men, who are, like them, sent into the world be-
fore their minds have been stored with knowledge or
fortified by principles. The consequences are similar ;
soldiers acquire a little superficial knowledge, snatched
from the muddy current of conversation, and, from con-
tinually mi-ring with society, they gain what is termed
a knowledge of the world ; and this acquaintance with
manners and customs has frequently been confounded
with a knowledge of the human heart But oan the
crude fruit of casual observation, never brought to the
test of judgment, formed by comparing speculation and
experience, deserve such a distinction ? Soldiers as
well as women practice the minor virtues with punctil-
ious politeness. Where is then the sexual difference,
when the education has been the same; all the difference
that I can discern arises from the superior advantage of
liberty which enables the former to see more of life, 1
It is wandering from my present subject, perhaps, to
make a potitical remark ; but as it was produced natu-
ally by the train of my reflections, I shall not pass it
silently over.
Standing armies can never consist of resolute, robust
men ; they may be well disciplined machines, but tboy
will seldom oontaln men under the influence of strong
passions or with very vigorous faculties^ Ana as for any
depth of understanding, I will venture to affirm, that it
Is as rarely to be found in the army as amongst women ;
and thecause, I maintain, is the same. It may be farther
observed 4ihat officers ara also particularly attentive to
their persons, fond of dancing, crowded rooms, adven-
tures, and ridicule, Like the fair sex, the business of
their lives is gallantry. They were taught to please, and
they only live to please. Yet they do not lose their rank
in the distinction of sexes, for they are still reckoned
superior to women, though in what their superiority
consists, beyond what I have just mentioned, it is diffi-
cult to discover.
The great misfortune is this, that they both acquiro
manners before morals, and a knowledge of life before
they have, from reflection, any acquaintance with the
grand ideal outline of human nature. The consequence
is natural; satisfied with common nature, they become
a prey to prejudices, and taking all their opinions on
credit, they blindly submit to authority. So that If they
have any sense, it is a kind of instinctive glance, that
catches proportions and decides with respect to man-
ners ; but fails when arguments are to be pursued be-
low the surface, or opinions analyzed.
May not the same remark be applied to women ? Nay,
the argument may be oarried still farther, for they are
both thrown out of a useful station by the unnatural
distinctions established in civilized life. Bicbes and
hereditary honors have made cyphers of women to give
consequence to the numerical figure; mid idleness has
produced a mixture of gallantry and despotism in so-
ciety, which leads the very men who are (he slaves of
their mistresses, to tyrannize over their sisters, wives
and daughters. This is only keeping them in ranx and
file, it is true. Strengthen the female mind by enlarging
it, and there will be an end to blind obedience ; but, as
blind obedience is ever sought for by power, tyrants and
sensualists are in the right when they endeavor to keep
women in the dark, because the former only waufc slaves,
and the latter a plaything. The sensualist, indeed, has
been the most dangerous of tyrants, and women have
been duped by their lovers, as princes by their minis-
ters, whilst dreaming that they reigned over them.
1 now principally allude to Bousseau, for his character
of Sophia, is, undoubtedly, a captivating one, though It
appears to me grossly unnatural; however, it is not the
superstructure, but the foundation of her character, the
principles on which her education was built, that I mean
to attack ; nay, warmly as I admire the genius of that
able writer, whose opinions I shall have often occasion
to cite, indignation alwayl takes place of admiration,
and the rigid frown of insulted virtue effaces the smile
of complacency, which his eloquent periods are wont to
raise, when I read his voluptuous reveries. Is this the
man, who, in his ardor for virtue, would banish all the
soft arts of peace, and almost carry ns back to Spartan dis-
cipline? Is this the man who delights to paint the use-
ful struggles of passion, the triumphs of good disposi-
tions and the heroic flights which carry the glowing
soul out of itself? How are these mighty sentiments
lowered when he describes the pretty foot and enticing
airs of his little favorite 1 But, for the present, I waive
the subject, and, instead of severely reprehending
the transient effusions of overweening sensibility, I
shall only obesrve, that whoever has cast a benevolent
eye on society, must often have been gratified by the
sight of humble mutual love, not dignified by sentiment,
nor strengthened by a union in, intellectual pursuits.
The domestic trifles of the day have afforded matter for
cheerful converse, and innocent caresses have softened
toils which did not require great exercise of mind, or
stretoh of thought: yet has not tho sight of this mod-
erate felicity excited more tenderness than respect ? An
emotion similar to what we feel when children are play-
ing, or animals sporting, whilst the contemplation of the
noble struggles of suffering merit has raised admira-
tion, and carried our thoughts to that world where sen-
sation will give place to reason.
Women are, therefore, to be considered either as moial
beings, or so weak that they must be entirely subjected
to the superior faculties of men.
Let us examine this question. Bousseau declares, that
a woman shQuld never, for a moment, feel herself inde-
pendent, that she shoald be governed by fear to exer-
cise her natural cunning, and made a coquettish slave in
order to render her a more alluring object of desire, a
wetter companion to man, whenever he chooses to rela x


' W# - 387
himself. He carries the arguments, which he pretends
to draw from the indications of nature, still further, and
insinuates that truth and fortitude, the corner-stones
of all human virtue, shall he cultivated with certain re-
strictions, because with respect to the female character,
obedience is the grand lesson which ought to be im-
pressed with unrelenting rigor.
What nonsense 1 when will a great man arise with suf-
ficient strength of mind to puff away the fumes which
pride and sensuality have thus spread over the subject 1
If women are by nature inferior to men, their virtues
must be the same in quality, if not in degree, or virtue
Is a relative idea ; consequently, their conduct should
be founded on the same principles and have the same
aim.
Connected with man as daughters, wives, and mothers,
their moral character may be estimated by their manner
of fulfilling those simple duties; but the end, the
grand end of their exertions should be to unfold
their own faculties, and acquire the dignity of conscious
virtue. They may try to render their road pleasant ;
but ought never to forget, in common with, man, that life
yields not the felicity which can satisfy an immortal
soul. I do not mean to insinuate that either sex should
be so lost, in abstract reflections or distant views, as to
forget the affections and duties that lie before them, and
aro in truth, the means appointed to produoe the fruit of
life ; on the contrary, I would warmly recommend them,
even while I assert, that they afford most satisfaction
when they are considered in their true subordinate light.
Probably the prevailing opinion, that woman was
created for man, may have taken its rise from Moses's
poetical story; yet, as very few, it is presumed, who have
bestowed any serious thought on the subject, ever sup-
posed that Eve was, literally speaking, one of Adam's
ribs the deduction must 'be allowed to foil to the
ground; or only be so far admitted as it proves that
man, from the remotest antiquity, found it convenient
to exert his strength to subjugate his oompanion, and
his invention to show that she ought to have her neck
bent under the yoke ; because she as well as the brute
oreation was created to do his pleasure.
Let it not be concluded that I wish to invert the order
of things ; I have already granted that, from the consti-
tution of their bodies, men seem to be designed by Provi.
denoe to attain a greater degree of virtue. I speak col-
lectively of the whole sex; but I see not the shadow of a
reason to conolude that their virtues should differ in re-
speotto their nature. Jh fact, how can they, if virtue
has only one eternal standard ? I must, therefore, if I
reason consequentially, as strenuously maintain, tl^at
they have the same Blmple direction, as that there is a
God.
It follows, then, that cunning should not be opposed
to wisdom, little cares to great exertions, nor insipid
softness, varnished over with the name of gentleness, to
that fortitude which grand views alone can inspire.
I shall be told that woman would then lose many of
her peculiar graces, and the opinion of a well known
poet might be quoted to refute my unqualified assertions.
For Pope has said, in the name of the whole male sex,
Yet neer so sure our passions to create,
As when she touch'd the brink of all we hate.
In what light this sally place* men and women, I shall
leave to the judicious to determine; meanwhile I shall
content myself with observing, that I cannot discover
why, unless they are mortal, females should always be
degraded by being made subservient to love or lust.
To speak disrespectfully of love Is, I know, high trea-
son againts sentiment and fine feelings; but I wish to
speak the simple language of truth, and rather to address
the head than the heart. To endeavor to reason love out
of the world, would be to out Quixote Cervantes, and
equally offend against common sense ; but an endeavor
to restrain this tumultuous passion, and to prove that it
should not be allowed to dethrone superior powers, or
to usurp the sceptre whioh the understanding should
' ever cooUy wield, appears less wild.
Youth is the season for love in both sexes ; but in
those days of thoughtless enjoyment, provision should
be made for the more important years of life, when re-
flection takes place of sensation. But Rousseau, and
most of the male writers who have followed his steps,
have warmly inculoated that the whole tendency of fe-
male education ought to be directed to one point to ren-
der them pleasing.
Let me reason with the supporters of this opinion, who
have any knowledge of human nature, do they imagine
that marriage oan eradicate the habitude of life? The
woman who has only been taught to please, will soon
find that her charms are oblique sunbeams, and that they
cannot have muoh effect on her husbands heart when
they are seen every day, when the summer is past and
gone. Will she then have sufficient native energy to look
into herself for comfort and cultivate her dormant facul*
ties ? or, is it not more rational to expect, that she will
try to please other men.; and, in the emotions raised by
the expectation of new conquests, endeavor to forget the
mortification her love or pride has received? When the
husband ceases to be a loverand the time will inevit-
ably come, her desire of pleasing will then grow languid,
or become a spring of bitterness; and love, perhaps, the
most evanescent of all passions, gives place to jealousy
or vanity.
I now speak of women who are restrained by principle
or prejudice ; such women though they would shrink
from an intrigue with real abhorrence, yet, nevertheless,
wish to be convinced by the homage of gallantry, that
they are cruelly neglected by their husbands ; or, days
and weeks are spent in dreaming of the happiness
enjoyed by congenial souls, till the health is under-
mined and the spirit broken by discontent. How,
then, can the great art of pleasing be such a necessary
study ? it is only useful to a mistress; the chaste wife,
and serious mother, should only consider her power to
please as the polish of her virtues, and the affections of
her husband as one of the comforts that render her task
less difficult, and her life happier. But, whether she be
loved or neglected, her first wish should be to make her-
self respectable, and not rely for all her happiness on a
being subject to like infirmities with herself.
The amiable Dr. Gregory fell into a similar error. I
respect his heart: but entirely disapprove of his cele-
brated Legacy to his Daughters.
He advises them to cultivate a fondness for dress, be-
cause a fondness for dress, he asserts, is natural to
them. I am unable to comprehend what either he or
Rousseau mean, when they frequently use this indefinite
term. If they tol soul was fond of dress, and brought this inclination with
it into a new body, I should listen, to them with a half
smile, as I often do when I hear a rant about innate ele-
gance. Bat if he only meant to say that the exeroise of
the faculties will produce this fondness,- deny it. It is
not natural; but arises, like false ambition in men, from
a love of power.
Dr. Gregory goes much further; he actually recom-
mends dissimulation, and advises an innocent girl to
give the lie to her feelings, and not dance with spirit,
when] gaiety of heart would make her feet eloquent,
without making her gestures immodest. In the name
of truth and common sense, why should not one woman
acknowledge that she can take more exercise than
another? or, in other words, that she has a sound con-
stitution ; and why to damp innocent vivacity, is she
darkly to be told, that men will draw conclusions which
she little thinks of? Let the libertine draw what infer-
ence he pleases ; but I hope that no sensible mother
will restrain the natural frankness of youth by instilling
such indecent cautions. Out of the abundance of the
heart the mouth speaketh ; aud a wiser than Solomon
hath said, that the heart should be made clean, and not
trivial ceremonies observed, which it is not very difficult
to fulfil with scrupulous exactness when vice reigns in
the heart.
{To be Continued.)
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.-
LET THEM BEAD IT.
As the most radical of radioal abolitionists for more
than twenty years (see John Brown resolutions, Buffalo
'Convention, June, 1848), I claim the right to ask those
radioals who depreoate co-operation with George Franois
Train, to read his noble letter in No. 21, page 327, of
The Revolution. Whatever his failings (and who
has too few of them), that letter alone is enough to en-
title him to an important plaoe in the ranks of those who
battle lor our most glorious causethe emancipation
and enfranchisement of Woman.
I have no sympathy with George Franois in his unjust
and uncalled-for flings (deserving of censure they may be)
atGarrison, Phillips aud Gerrit Smith. They have done
a work for humanity that entitles them to the eternal rev-
erence of every lover of his raoe. But still less to be
justified and commended is that short-sighted narrow-
ness that with Pharisaical self-complacence tucks up its
skirts for fear of being contaminated by the touch of
any honest (or dishonest) worker.
How can these radicals work shoulder to shoulder with
Benjamin F. Butler (a life-long Jefferson Davis Demo-
crat), and then, with any show of good taste or consist-
ency, turn up their eyes in holy horror at George Fran-
cis Train, and even treat with a measure of distrust the
most faithful and efficient workers for simply accepting
his proffered help is the hour of need ? We shall all
soon be too wise for any of this. In the meantime, we
shall do well to study carefully the tactics of thatmodel
reformer, who was not above being found in company
with harlots, or eating with publicans and sinners.
Fbancis Babby.
New York, May 30,1868.
P. P. MISTAKEN ABOUT RELIGIOUS DODGING."
Cincinnati, June 2,1868.
Elizabeth Cady StantonDear Madam: Subscrib-
ing for The Revolution last week, tbe first number
reached me this morning and opening it, my eye fell upon
the article, Religious Dodging. I was so struck with
its unfairness, its distortion of the facts of the case, that
I begin to think your paper Is no Revolution at all. You
write just as a man would, giving just so much and just so
little of the truth as will point a newspaper article well.
Now, if you will take the pains to inquire, you will find
the statement, regarding the Methodist General.Confer-
ence all wrong. The delgations were admitted (fromthe
South) by a large majority, only sixteen, I believe, of
that body voting against their admission. During the
deliberation of the Conference, the speeches by colored
delegates were received with applause aud enthusiasm
and marked attention shown them.
The Methodist General Conference is all right on this
question, and it moreover unanimously ordered that the
the word male members" shall be strioken out of the
resolution by which the members of the church were
requested to vote on the question of Lay Delegation,
thus-giving woman a voice in this importanl matter.
The world movesslowly to be sure (let us thank
God and take courage)but theoauseof Equal Rights,
irrespective of color or sex, gains no strength by un-
considered and flippant misrepresentations of a body of
men, many of whom claim to be its earnest advocates.
Tery truly yours,
J. Reynoum Wright.
You have judged right. It was one of your
sex that penned Religious Dodging," and we
shall leave Mr. Pillsbury, when he returns from
New Hampshire, to defend his own positions.
The best thing we can do, in the meantime, is to
insert yonr statement of the faots of the oase.
Is it no Revolution to have & journal where
both sides of every question can be/ fairly
stated ?
THE REVOLUTION NOT WAR.
Wyoming Valley, May 26,1868.
Dear Miaa Anthony : God, bless you and The Re-
volution. A few months -since to speak of the Re-
volution was to refer to the war of 1812, or the late
war; but sinoe January, 1868, The Revolution
means quite another thifig.
The good time ooming is when we shall use the
weights and handle tbe yard-stiok, Just as our brethren
have been doing for so many years. Let them beware
how they speak of us hereafter.
There is no reason why woman should not be per-
mitted to defend and p^btect herself. True, the majority
of our sex have little idea of their rights ; but your de-
termined efforts to turn everything inside out and
upside down, with the weekly visits of The Revo-
lution, will accomplish the good work.
Most truly yours, tt.
a lawyers objections.
New Yobs, May 29,1868.
Editors q/ the Revolution :
By chance, a few copies of your new journal were
thrown in my way not long sinoe. I read some of the
articles with interest, as I have been brought but little
in contact with those specimens of the genus muller,',
known as bas bleus, or in English, the strong
minded female. I find in nearly all the articles a desire
expressed that the word male should be stricken out
of the laws, and all regulations apply as well to women
as to men.
Would you mind giving answer to a few questions In
your next issue:
1. You say women are excluded from the employments
of men. Now, with the exception of the bar, of which
I am a member, and, in some religious sects, like Catho-
lics and Episcopalians and others, the pulpit, I am un-
able to find anything from which they are excluded.
They can be merchants, bankers, or, In fact, most any-
thing of that kind. True, they may not obtain positions
as porters, laborers, hodmen, etc., but BUiely you are
not jealous of these privileges. Men cannot obtain
places as miliners, dress-makers; yet they seem to bear
it very well. Medioine should be open to women as
well as men, for a modest woman would certainly prefer


388
lb* fntfllntifln.
a female to consult; but still I see no reason for com-
plaint on tbe ground that men take every position in
medicine. The bar and pulpit would give employment
to very few women, to so few that it would scarcely pay
to open them.
2. If, as you wish, each, every, and all laws should ap-
ply equally and without restraint to men as to women',
arc you filling and desirous that women, frail, delicite
ladies, should be forced to serve in the militia, army,
navy, on*common juries, forced out by a sheriff to spend
two or three days with low companions before they can
bo discharged ? As policemen, too, regular night-
watch and patrolmen, or subject, in case of war, to draft
and conscription ?
Allowing that you wish this, which is difficult of be-
lief, that you are willing to take mans hardships as well
as privileges, how do you wish a regiment formed, oi
men and women indiscriminately, or regiments wholly
of the same sex.? But according to your principles you
would not desiro the latter, for these women would he
debarred from one of the privileges of man, viz. : that
of belonging to a male regiment. Again, arc you willing to
resign those benefits, which a generous government has
allowed to the softer sex, besides these exclusions from
service of danger, hardship and peril ? Are you ready to
resign that right of dower, or of thirds, as called
by the unlearned, of a wife to take one-third of her hus-
bands property at his death, unless she accept other
provision ? A man has no such right in his wifes prop-
erty. At present men is obliged by law to support
their wife and family, and a wife has the privilege of
running up bills in her husbands name. She is not
obliged to support a husband be she ever so rich, and he
ever so poor, infirm or disabled.
I think you will find, on a dose'examination, that the
immunities of the beau sexe, as a rule, exceed those
of the other, with exception of the elective franchise..
Now, the writer is the possessor of a young and charm,
ing wife of twenty-two years of age. Two years of mar-
ried life has really made them one. She has borne him
one child. They live pleasantly and happily in an
up-town house, on $7,000 a year. Do you think
that he could think of permitting that pure young
creature, whose world is her husband and their child,
to venture out to. cast a piece of paper into a box, after
having waited one or two hours in a long line of low-
x bom, ill-bred, insolent ruffians, who care little for
God, fear not man, and whose words would make the
ears tingle, especially oi one so pure, young, tender and
womanly ?
My chief end in life is to ward off all storms, all ruffle
ami all discomfort from her I love ; yes, far too well to
change iuto a man, in manners, looks, words and dress,
in fact everything but tbe natural and physical difference
of the two sexes.
Thore is no doubt but that tbe negresses, market
women and Irish servants and Dutch fraus would vote
if they could, and perhaps some ladies, who may believe
with you ; mostly spinsters or those unfortunately mar-
ried.
To question No. 1 we say, That in denying
us a right to enter all the colleges and semina-
ries, of law, medicine and theology, you. pre-
vent us from fitting ourselves for those profes-
sions. In denying us the rights of'property,
the right to make contracts, and to sue and be
sued in our own name (as is still the case in
many of the states), you destroy our credit in
trade and prevent our success as merchants,
bankers and brokers. By denying us the right
of suffrage you destroy our self-respect, and
that of the ruling classes for us. Disfranchised
classes are always degraded classes, hence we
are crowded out of honorable and profitable em-
ployments. With but few exceptions, clergy-
men will not open their pulpits to women;
physicians will not admit them into their asso-
ciations, or counsel with them ; and m some
states the laws forbid women or negroes to
study law. In this way we are crowded down
into a few employments ; hence the supply of
labor in these branches of work is greater than
the demand, and wages are low in proportion.
Some women do desire to enter many depart-
ments of labor now monopolized by men; but
in order to do that, it is necessary to adopt male
attire; to prevent this you have made laws for-
bidding a similar costume for men and women.
In spite .of it, however, women have been sail-
ors, soldiers, hack-drivers, teamsters, farmers
and mechanics in disguise for years.
2. Yes, we wish the privilege to do what-
ever we can to earn an honest living, and to do
the kind of work that secures the best wages.
Women have been in the army and navy, and
done police duty. Woman might much better
patrol our streets at the midnight hour, paid
and uniformed by the state, with a sceptre in
her hand and a star on her brow, than as she
now does, a miserable dependent on mans
bounty, a, vampire on society, sucking the life
blood of our sires ancf sons. We say most em-
phatically, any calling is honorable in which
woman can be self-supporting, virtuous and in-
dependent. God never meant the mother of
the race should be a pensioner on the bounty of
man. Better far mans hardships than womans
degradation. We are ready to resign the
right of dower, or any other privilege, for
the right to make laws for ourselves. We do
not know any benefits that a generous govern-
ment has allowed us that will in any way com-
pensate for all the wrongs, in denying us a voice
in the government, the/ rights of property and
wages, the right of trial by a jury of our peers,
and the right to our own children. So long as
multitudes of men do not support their wives
and familiesand-multitudes of wives do sup-
port idle, worthless husbands-the law is of
little consequence to the law-maker. We will
willingly change places, and give all the immu-
nities to man, and take th6 rights for ourselves.
Your family picture looks pleasant and com-
fortable ; but, kind sir, there are multitudes of
frail, beautiful women who have no homes, who
are not blessed with $7,000 a year, who go to
slop-shops for work, and come in contact with
low-born, ill-bred, insolent ruffians every day in
search of bread and work for themselves and
children. Multitudes of sewing women, of
widows and orphans, many bom in luxury and
ease, to-day struggling with all lifes hardships,
and no strong arm or loving heart to shelter or
protect. Yon mistake womans nature if you
think the very best in tbe land will not go to
the polls and vote for better laws to shelter,
feed and clothe the poor, for wiser sanitary ar-
rangements; for a more just and merciful crimi-
nal legislation, and to open to women all means
of education and all profitable and honorable
employments. As to the polls, when women
vote, this most sacred act of citizenship will be
performed in our churches ; and ifit is thought
improper for men and women to meet in the
discharge of this great political duty, why they
can vote in different places. Henry Ward
Beecher says he wants women to vote so that
he can have a decent place to vote in once in
his life.
dont TRUST THE DEMOCRACY.
Springfield, Mass., June 2, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
I have taken pleasure in reading your paper. I am
glad from my heart that you have entered into this great
work of reform with so much enthusiasm.
In No. 21 appears an article headed The Standard of
Morality, and signed P. P., which article, I think, con-
tains many truths ; but, the last paragraph stated that,
If the democracy would build a platform making edur
caled but impartial suffrage its corner-stone, nominate
Chief-Justice Chase as their candidate, kill copperhead-
ism, cease to proscribe tbe colored race, etc., tbe very
stars in their, courses would fight for them. I inter
from this, that you would commit the The Revolu-
tion to their support. Am I right? If so, let me beg
of you, trust not your interests in such hands. When
did the democracy ever keep their promise? or when
did one coming out from them to the other party ever
prove true, after having been elevated to office ? They
would consent to anything aa a platform which would
secure help to elect their candidate, and then turn round
to you and say, impartial suffrage means nothing, except
to blind the eyes of a few foolish women, and through
tbeir influence, to gain the votes of their still more
foolish husbands.
There is no truth in them. Though you should bray
them in a mortar with a pestle, yet would not their decep-
tion depart from thorn. I do not speak ignorantly in this
matter. I have had great reason for my opinion o*f them.
In fact, I was cradled in the very arms of the democracy,
and in early life had a peep behind the scenes, from
which, even then, young as I was, I turned with disgust.
And I assure you that thirty years experience, partly in
New England, and partly in the West, has only deepened
that feeling, until I loathe the very name, sacred as the
word should be to every American. Wlat right have they
to it ? Hear the exact words of one of the tax payers
of the party (and, by the way, one who would rush to the
support of such a party as P. P. describes). He said tome
in presence of his wife (God pity her), that he honestly
thought that our government should enact laws pro.
liibiting the wives and daughters of poor men who were
obliged to support themselves from aspiring to anything
but domestic labor, and then men of means could have a
better class of help in their Idtohons. This monster
breathes the pure air of this beautiful city. *.
Dear friends, let me say to you again, cast not your
precious pearls before such swine. I do know them to
be the most bitter enemies of the class they call strong*
minded women.
Another objection, more potent still* is their war re-
. cord. How can any wife, mother or sister of our dead
soldiers have any faith in the party whoso hands are still
red with the blood of their husbands, sons and brothers?
And how can Chief-Justice Chase accept the nomina-*
tion of such a party ? I have had great faith in him as
a fearless champion of the oppressed. But if he can
stoon to be a candidate of the so-called democratic party
I can only say, how are the mighty fallen, and pray
that The Revolution will stand on its own pure
principles, and say, My soul, comenotthou iuto their
secrets, and to their assembly, mine, honor, be not thou
united. Cannot the lriends of women work and wait,
as they have done, until the good time shall come when
God in His justice shall crown our cause with success?
I, for one, am willing to wait another four years; for by
that time both parties will have accomplished their own
ruin, and then the people will, with one accord, reach out
their hands to intelligent, impartial suffrage as their only
salvation. That they have already reached the point
where the republicans are obliged to go to the democrats
for an available candidate for their leader, aud vice versa,
is proof that the destruction of both.is at hand. Tnere*
fore, let us work and wait, hoping that, when the crash
of parties shall have past, enough will be found who
have not defiled their garments, to unite with us, and
build up a party, whose principles shall never be sold as
merchandize. m. w. c.
'MORE MOUNTEBANKS.
Hartford, Conn., June 15.
Editors of the Revolution:
Your paper grows better aud better. I was struck
with a remark one of your correspondents made (from
Boston, I think). She said, While you ( Revo*
lution) fed her hungry soul, you made her more
hungry. There is a world of philosophy in that. It is
worthy of Emerson himself. Itshowsthat The Revo-
lution deals out the true article. Soul only can meet
soul, cun feed it and make it hungry at the same lime,
I thank this woman for putting into a few simple words a
feeling I have often had in tbe course of my life without
ever thinking of expressing it. Another writes that she
draws a long breath of gratitude when the carrier
brings her Revolution every Saturday morning,
And who can estimate the amount of good it is oarrying
to hundreds of weary hearts, and into nooks and by-
ways we little dream of? And but one little Revo-
lution throughout this whole land! What a mission,
and what a field to work in I If George Francis Train is
the one who set it revolving, let us sound him a paean
of' praise. Mountebank is the name he chiefly goes by ;
but if mountebanks dont drink, nor smoke, now chew, .
nor swallow drugs, nor follow any kind of licentiousness,
but, on the contrary, set. Revolution^ whirling
on their axes, heaven send us a plentiful harvest of
them. More mountebanks, say I. Yive le Train!
Yours sincerely, F. Ellen Burr.
Self-opening umbrellas are now displayed in the shop
windows. It is to be hoped that, unlike some self-made
men, they will know when to shut up


VA88AR COLLEGE.
MATHEMATICAL. SEXOLOGY.
From tlie Transcript* a handsome, spicy, eight-page
sheet, published by the students of Vassar female Col'
lege, wc take the following analytical section of Dr. Hoi
lands august (but in that college rather unpopular) lec-
ture on womon :
Had we nofc long since made sufficient advancement
ip the intellectual life to decide that man is not our
Authorand Disposer, we might have bceifconsumed
by the devouring elements of Dr. Hollands eloquence.
Happily he could not quiet our struggling ambitions by
his laborious efforts to convince us that we are house-
hold angels.
According to biblical teaching, man is lower than
the angels; but, according to his teaching, we, though
angels, are a little lower than men. Our angelic spirits
were sorely triod in hearing a dissertation on marriage,
its fruition, happiness, etc., instead of a successful reply
to Tilton's broad idea of a sphere for woman. The doc-
tor, though a finished rhetoritician, is a little vague in
his mathematics, when with woman in the centre he de-
scribes the family circle, and calls that her sphere.
Geometry teaches that a circle is only a section of a
sphere, and in a perfect sphere the number of circles is
infinite. Shall not the unhappy fate of Andrew Johnson,
who, forgetting the sphere of a President, swung around
the circle, admonish us to fit ourselves for woman's
perfect sphere, whether or not it shall contain a golden
circle which may befitted to our finger? Perhaps in
audiences in Dr. Hollands native state, where there is
one mail to every four women, those sentiments might
be well received, but to exhort threehundred and fifty
maidens to cling to their husbands, and guide the doar
children, was mockery. ' .
SUFFRAGE IN THE DISTRICT.
HEABING BEFOEE A COMMITTEE OF CONGEESS.
Some time since, Hon. Henry D. Washburn, M.C.
fioin Indiana, presented a bill, accoifi^anying a petition
of eighty women of the district, which reads thus :
Be it enacted, etc., That from and -after the passage
of this act, no person shall be debarred from voting or
holding office in the District otColumbia by reason of,
sox.
On Saturday morning last a deputation from the Dis-
trict Franchise. Association appeared, by appointment#
before the House Committee of the District, to urge the
passage of this or a like bill.
Mrs. Josephine S. Grilling opened by saying that the
friends of Equal Freedom for Women in the District had
thought tho revision of the local government a fit time
to present their claims, and had by Committee of the As-
sociation chosen Prof. Willcox to draft and submit a me-
morial, setting forth the safety, justice and necessity of
passing the bill before the committee, which professes
to remove the restrictions that forbid women to vote in
the district. The movement is not wholly new, and was
known by those who were active in it to be approved by
a large mass of women who were nofc prepared to ex-
press themselves openly. Tho enfranchisement of wo-
man is needful to a real reconstruction, and the govern-
ment need the femalo elemoul to complete its functions.
Prof. J. K. H. Willcox road a memorial, drafted by him-
self and signed by a committee of residents of the dis-
trict, consisting of eleven ladies and eleven gentlemen
(including Mrs. Griffing, Mrs. F. D. E. N, Southworth,
Miss Lydia Hall, formerly of Kansa§, Mrs. Annie Den-
ton Cridge, Judge A. B. Olin and Mrs. Olm), recalling
the fact that Congress had freed the 3,000 slaves and on-
Uranclnscd-the 8,000 colored men of the district, both of
which experiments had workod well, notwithstanding
-conservative arguments, predictions and efforts to the
contrary; and showing that tho same opposition was.
made to this now and greator experiment of f reedom as
had turned out to bo mistak^p in the former cases;
interring that, while the former experiments, on a small
scale comparatively, had yielded rich results, so this en-
franchisement of half tho adult population would pro-
duce vast good. He incidentally answered tho usual
arguments against suffrage, and affirmed that those who
possessed neither the power of wealth nor that of know-
ledge, wherewith to protect themselves, most needed
political power ior that purpose. He remarked that the
competition for vptes among politicians was a tremen-
dous educating force, and that laws would not bo certain
of enforcement unless thoso for whose benefit they wore
made were clothed with power to compel such enforce-
ment.

Mrs. Mary T. Corner presented a number of points as
to the laws of the district relating to women, of some of
which Judge Welker took notes, with a view to their
speedy investigation by the committee. As to suffrage,
she pointed out that women do not come under the heads
of paupers, minors, felons, rebels, idiots nor aliens, and
that the reasons that exist for the disfranchisement of
such persons do hot apply to native-born, loyal women.
She showed that women are not represented in the gov-
ernment of the district, though taxed by it, and by law
cannot properly protect themselves, their children, or
their property, nor hold municipal office, however fit.
A wifo cannot hold property in the disirict except by
proxy. Women understand their needs and condition
better than men, and should be free to regulate them.
The swarms of foreigners who are freely admitted to the
polls know less of our institutions and country than the
masses of our women. Women have voted and held
the highest offices in other countries with great success.
Are our wtfmcn less capable than these ?
At the conclusion ol the proceedings, Prof. Willcox re.
turned thanks to the committee for their attention ; and
the latter, without .expressing an opinion on the matter,
complimented the speakers on the ability and eloquence
with which their views had been presented.
It was also stated that a large number of petitions
would be presented in support of tho bill. The commit-
tee expressed themselves as unable, by reason of the
lateness of the session and the prossure of other busi-
ness, to promise an early report. The interview lasted
about an hour, and was very cordial and pleasant on both
sides.
SOCIAL SURGERY.
FOURTH AETICLE,
As society now stands, dress and religion bound the
feminine horizon. The tyrannous and degrading laws
continued from barbarous ages have compelled the fe-
malo mental capacity to concentrate upon those two
points j hence religion is perverted and dress become a
madness.
Buckle says, the needs of one generation are no
measure of the wants of another, and tho words are
oracular when applied to the social and political condi-
tion of the nineteenth century.
All those devoted to fashion aro not devoted to prayer,
but nearly all thoso who are devoted to prayer are strict
followers of fashion. Were the evils of this perversion
and madness confined to these two classes, and the
only result that of taxing labor, for the support of
numberless nondescripts, individually they might
pass away into their graves without comment, leaviug
nothing .behind them save the memory of their burthen-
some worthlessness. But the effect of one and the ex-
ample of the other join issue over thousands of ruined
women and girls. Dress, like an Ignis-faluus, lures
them on, while religion, grim-visaged and implacable,
stands sentry over the narrow pass, preventing nono to
enter, but allowing none to return, all the Christian in-
stitutions to the contrary notwithstanding,
The fear of exposure, followed by social ostracism*
would bo a bar to the unbridled passions of men; but
Christian women open their hearts and homes to the
libertine, and close them mercilessly to his victim.
By so doing they not only help to perpetuate the evil
which they pretend most to abhor, but give thelibertiue
ample opportunity to perfect his art by practice in their
own homes. Nothing is sacred to him. Friendship,
kindness, courtesy, all are weapons to be used against the
giver it chance offers ; and whore there is sorrow and
want, there he revels, knowing that sympathy and as-
sistance are the short cuts to a woman's heart.
Every fashionablo woman of the city and every Chris-
tian newsmonger of the countryhundreds of girls aro
ruined by anticipation on the principle of give a dog a
bad name and hang himwho couutcnance libertines,
may each find a representative of their example in tho
desolate and dissoluto crowd of night-wanderers who fill
our streets. Although men are bad enough to deceive
and desert, yet they loave the vilest part of their vile
workthat of making tho fact public and wide-spread
to the refined (!) and delicate of the other sex. In many
instances men would make wives of their victims, thereby
making both better, were it not for female frieuds and
church members. #
Country people are proverbial for their piety, but out
of two thousand New York prostitutes, of whom inquiry
was made, more than one-fifth (in exact numbers l-io)
were the daughters of farmers ; less .than one-tenth
wore city born ; 1,937 had the benefit of early religious
training, and 1,909 were still believers iu the precepts
taught them in youthv Thus much for putting tho
389
young shoot iu an orthodox box with the determina-
tion of giving if but one idea, and not allowing room for
the growth of that.
Some, in their growing strength, burst their bonds
and run wild, while those who are dwarfed to their nar-
row confines remain to repeat tho process on tho next
generation.
Chastity is the natural inheritance of woman, and there
is no particular merit in its possession, save when it has
withstood the test of temptation.
No pure and noble woman will try to exhibit her virtuo
to beholders by sneers or laughter at a fallen and help-
less sister. Doubtless, one-half the temptation or
poverty which sufficed for her downfall, wonld cause the
horrors of prostitution to takeat least a back seat in the
brains of these same self-righteous women. Such wo-
men should be not only, like Ctesars wife, above suspl"
cion, but also above comparison.
When we see a physical deformity we do not look that
way so much as we otherwise would in tho fear of
wounding the feelings of the unfortunate: why not
show the same delicacy toward mental deformity?
Female Suffrage will find its most bitter opponents
among religionists. The chiu'ch has its support mainly
through tho female members, and the clergy are sup-
ported by the church ; consequently the clergy will be
leaders in the opposition, as their place and prosperity
depend upon the continuance of religious superstition,
and their success in opposing all forms of progress which
would tend to revolutionize them out of power and place.
Servant girls are seduced by their masters through
their desire to ape the style ol their mistressesoften-
times through their aversion to soeking a new homo every
few weeks, not knowing how many changes would be
necessary before reaching a place free Jrom persecution
sometimes to purchase tho consideration duo them as
human beings, and which is denied them by mistresses.
Little street beggar girls are beckoned into back offices
and there get their first lesson in the life which promises
fine clothing cqrial to that worn by the gaudily-dressed
woman who brushed past her as she entered ; and said
woman the wife, mayhap, of thevery Christian and
moral man w ithin.
At the last lecture given by Anna Dickinson atStoiu-
way Halla place and occasion where one would look to
find the most intellectual people in the communityI
hep*-' my ears open in my slow parage out, so that I might
judge in some degree the state of tbepublic pulse on tho
vital question placed so vividly before them. I could
scarcely credit my own senses, but tbe remarks of six
fine-faced women (tbe only ones I heard, too) were about
Miss Anna Dickinson'ssleeve puffs! My reflections
on the up-bill work of reformers were not pleasant.
Prostitution will continue unabated just so long as tbo
female mind is narrowed by religion and distorted by
ibis mania for dress..
jMost women who have husbands or fathers to supply
their wants or gratify their wishes, coax, scold, and de-
ceive in order to meet the requirements of fashion, why
wondor, then, that tbo friendless and destitute are driven
to worse measures? You may use the scalpel of expe-
diency, politics, aud prayer, my philanthropic readers,
till tho last days of your three score and ten, upon tbis
matchless moral sore, without porccptibly diminish-
ing its bulk or beastliness, unless there is an entiro
and radical change in tho whole body politic ; and the
first step in that direction is universal and impartial suf-
frage.
Fashionable devotees will oppose it, passively of course;
just as they aro passively opposed or disposed toward all
things, save tbeir beloved wardrobe. However, they arc
a hopeful class, withal, only sleeping away their life in
mental lethargy under the powerful opiate of too mauy
clothes; but tho majority have tbe germ of develop-
ment, and national responsibility to them, will crcato an
intellectual equilibrium which will force miuor subjects
into their normal place and condition.
All articles of clothing, then, beyond necessities for
cleanliness and elegance, will become vulgarities and
badges of distinction between the noble and tho ignoble ;
husbands will no longer be compelled to strain their
honesty to its last tension (often beyond it) that peace
may he purchased in the household by tho successful
rivalry of wives.
Religion, if it docs not assumo tbo Christ-like sim-
plicity of doiug to others as you would that others
should do unto you, will at least become sufficiently
elevated to allow its followers a glimpse beyond them-
selves. s. F, N.
Nothing could be more charming than tbe sweet chari-
ties that pervade the private life of Jean Tngelow. Thrice
in each week she gives a charity dinner, largely supplied
from her own means. This she calls her copyright
dinner.


390
' 8ftt ftMlttUan.
LONDON CORRESPONDENCE.
London, May 35,1868.
1 God made the country, but man made the towns.
The dwellers within the towns may see the result cf
their handicraft if they will but drop the veils from their
eyes. Neither must they turn from the right to the left,
because the object first seen bears a hideous aspect, and
so cast their eyes to the left, where stands a fairer thing.
Many of us who think ourselves wondrous wise cannot,
because we will not, see the pitiable sores that fester be-
neath their seemingly comely coverings. Ploddingly we
trot round our mill-wheel life-long walk, like the poor
old blind horse who turns the mill-crank. Nothing can
we see, nothing will we see, save that which meets with
the approbation of our Brummagen modesty, as un
like real true and pure modesty as the quack, quack o
the waddling duck is to the song of the heavenward
soaring sky-lark. Thus the snug ordinary citizen will
take his daily walks abroad and see no greater evil in
the streets than the mud which soils his polished boots,
while right hand, left hand, all around him are evil
things growing, evil deeds enacted, and evil effects, fall-
ing with worse than killing powers upon the innocent.
Who will draw aside the curtain ?
It is the glory of a free press to declare war upon all
evils, political or social. But, stop I Bo the soldiers
who serve under its folds always claim or carry out that
trust, that duty ? How many daily or weekly journals,
either in tradition-encumbered England, or vast and
many-sided America, dare to speak out with the un-
faltering voice of The Revolution upon our social
curses, taking one only as a test-questionthe social
evil ? Noneno, not one.
I will not presume to tell the able editors of this jour-
nal the duties of their position when they deal with
thcso far-reaching plagues. That would be presumption,
indeed, 1 only know that beneath the surface of pros-
titution exists another evil, the effects of mans igno-
rance and sin, eating into the manhood and womanhood
of not a part but of the whole nation.
Society is so environed around about with notices of
trespassers, beware, that I pause. My difficulty is to
write what I want to write without causing a blush to
rise to the cheeks of innocence. For the virtuous have
a right to expect to not have their pure minds surprised
into dismal channels of knowledge from which they in
a measure have the right to be protected. Yet it is to
thesewe turn for aid in overcoming the evils of our
own oreating, surrounding us upon every hand.
Virtue has a right to protection. Modesty should not,
have given unto it cause to blush. Yet, if the pure will
not assail evil things, evil doers will be the last to move
towards virtue, crying, demolish us.
Then, like "Walt Whitmans typical woman; The gros*
and soild she moves among do not make her gross and
soild.
We will take up a theme replete with horrors. Well do
we know that one sin makes many. They tramp upon
each otherB heels. Thy case, woman, is harder than
that of man. Why ? The future will show us the cause.
If one of our sisters be led to make one false step, a single
lapse from virtue, all hands are thrust forth to plunge the
poor one deeper and deeper. Forsooth, the owqers of
the hands boast that they are clean. Society closes up
all the avenues by which access can be regained to its
mercy. If the mercy of God is no greater towards these
poor fallen women than the mercy of society, then, in-
deed, would the light entirely leave their hearts, hope
their souls, the woman their lorms, until naught would
be left but a soulless, helpless demon. Does society
wrong these social outcasts ? Assuredly. Woman can-
not protect herself under the present system, and man
will not. The fact that so many women in our towns
are outcasts proves their wrongs are great. Their re-
venge is ten times more terrible. How so, say you?
Bead the i'aint hints (I dare not tell the whole truth,
for if I did you would tear the page across and call me
liar) I give below. Bead and digest this shadowing
forth of Englands *' social evils revenge, then ask
yourselves is there nothing in America like \mto Eng-
lands household skeleton.
In England attention has been called to the subject for
many years past by medical works, through the columns
of such journals as the Lancet, more prominently by the
revelations of onr law courts, where some of the many
vile charlatans (who live upon their victims who know
no better than to trust ibem, society aiding the quacks
by sbroudiug the evil with a curtain of pernicious mole-
ishness) havo been exposed. Still more recently and ef-
fectually by the Contagious Diseases Act, passed in
1866, and by the efforts which a society formed for the
purpose is making to extend the provisions of the act
*
to every large town in this kingdom. May the society
prosper in its efforts to master the hideous thing which
through the guilty strikes the innocent, and so creeps
through the land.
The act referred to above only applies to garrison
towns. Let us see if we can form any idea of the need.
Taking only the home regiments of the British army I find
that in 1(65 they numbered 73,000 men ; from this total
there were 68,000 admissions te hospitals for all ailments^
. and out of that number 20,600 were admitted tor the
kind in question.
Mr. Berkeley Hill, the secretary of the society, has
collected facts here that are so appaling that I have no
language to indicate their character. The whole system
oi onr home barrack life reeks with horrid abominations.
Some months since an able article by some chance ap-
peared in a London paper, the Daily Telegraph, upon
this plague. I quote the lollowing extract wherein the
writer comments and adds, too, Mr. Hills facts :
One woman in a garrison town explained to Mr.
Hill that she had for months been in such a condition
that she ought to have been seized and secluded,, tor the
safety of those on whom she preyednay, in mercy even
to herself. But she had managed to carry on her
calling without interruption bystupefying herself night
after night with stimulants. In another garrison town
a beersbop keeper was visited, who had surrounded his
back-yard with little huts or kernels, which he let out
for 2s. weekly, to large numbers of women, for the pur-
poses of their trade, upon condition that they brought.
him in soldiers to drink a sufficient quantity of his liquor.
We could multiply such examples ; but we are merely
hinting the nature of these illustrations, and let no one
: dream, because we take, these figures from the lower
classes and the rank and file, that the plague rests there.
It might, if vice were not common to high and low: but
hundreds of practitioners can testify to the wide-spread
extent of the scourge in the middle and upper grades;
and, as we have observed, the deadly influence extends
to those who neither deserve nor know it. Enough to
say that the practice of one London doctor, and the books
of one Oxford or Cambridge chemist, would show that
we do not stop because sad facts fail us.
I have a few statistics collected from various sources.
After writing them I shall conclude my present task.
The Bescue Society informs us that out of 1,050 women
applying for admittance in one year, 314 were affected. At
the Magdalen, where all diseased applicants are refused
admission, 59 out of 284 had yet come to the gates in
this state. At the Lock Hospital (where this disease is
specially treated) during 1867, thirty-six per cent, of the
out-patients were married women fearfully infected, yet
wholly devoid of blame to themselves. At St Bartholo-
mews Hospital about one-half of the out-patients are
victims to this plague, worse in its effects than cholera.
At Guys Hospital about 43-4 per cent, seek relief
from these diseases. It may with truth he stated, that
at the other hospitals the ratio is between ono-third and
one-fifth. At the hospital for diseases of the skin one in
eight is a patient of the same class. At the Sweat Hos-
pital, out of the six per cent, specially affected, 31 were
respectable married women ; while at the Boyal Oph
thalmic Hospital one in five are sufferers from this dis-
ease.
It i6 said that recently an eye diseasea standing of
the corneahas been identified as the effects of the in-
herited virus. This especially affects children, The
Glasgow Parochial Board placed out 251 orphans last
year, of whom 38 presently sickened with hereditary
disease ; and at the London Hospital tor sick ohildren
(an account of which appeared in The Revolution
some time since), in 1866, 174 were uuder similar treat-
ment on account of it. The Registrar-Generals returns
for 1866 show 465 deaths in London from this same
cause. This latter total cannot be regarded as being cor-
rect, as in private practice the particular oause is seldom
assigned to account for death. Mr. James Paget testi-
fies that he has known five surgeons die, and fifty suffer
more or less from contagion contracted in discharging
professional duties.
The statistics of tbe London hospitals will serve as a
criterion to the other centres of population; but even
after the signs of the disease have disappeared, the virus
left in the blood is prolif^ of other maladies. But
enough of this ghastly array.
What is tbe remedy ? I can only repeat what has been
said in a previous letter from Mr. Mottershead, one of
our ablest working radicalsthe bringing about of com-
plete equality ot the sexes is tbe first great step. Then
will' there be a chance of mastering this fell plague.
Under the present system man may try but he will never
succeed without womans help.
Louis J. Hinton.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
THE LAST OP THE JACKNELL PRISONERS OPP FOB
AMERICA.THE TOBY CONSTITUTION DOWN UPON
THE RADICAL REVOLUTION.THE CHICAGO PLAT-
FORM OF 1868.
Queenstown, June 3,1868.
Dear Revolution : Only a line to-day, as
the steamer leaves with OConnor and Roche,
the last of the Jacknell men,. Congress votes
$50,000, but an American citizen pays the bills
to send his countrymen home. While Irn-
peaehers and Demagogues disgrace the nation, 1
am making civis Americanus sum a motto for
every American.
The Tory Constitution is after the Radical
Revolution to-day with knitting needle,
Will send the Leader by tbe Cunarder. The
Revolution is a power in two hemispheres.
Such is the force of morality, temperance and
common honesty. Truth and right must con-
quer falsehood and wrong. You are twenty
weeks old, yet what a Revolution already I
You have twenty weeks more before the Presi-
dential election, and what a Revolution
ideas can create in that time. Such articles as
E. C. S. on the Exit of the Republican light
must create reflection and startle men of
thought into action.
The Chicago Platform of 1868, like that of
1864, is an insult to the American people
Nothing on Tariffnothing on Greenbacks
nothing on outrages to our citizens. But en-
force negro suffrage on the South, and don't do U
on the North. Nothing about Temperance. Not
a word about Taxes. The whole programme is
nothing but generalities that dont even glitter.
How are the mighty fallen. The party has os-.
tracised its best menTrumbull* Fessenden,
Chase,- Henderson, Grimes, Ross, Van Winkle
how can they go back after being called
thieves, demagogues and villains. Manhood
resents it, and statesmanship will answer,
Nowe believe the people greater than party.
Will the democrats show more sense in July ?
We shall look on and wait. For we, over here
in Ireland, see all the game, and know by in-
stinct who will win the White House. Let us
put up Chase. Geo. Francis Train.
WOMAN CREATING A REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND.
THE POPE EXERCISED.THE LAWYERS CONFUSED
BY PORTIA.THE OVERSEERS OP SALFORD DE-
CLARE FOR THE WOMEN.AN IRISH ANNA DICK-
INSON OUT ON TEMPERANCE. A WOMAN AT DR.
BARTERS RAISES A TURKISH FLAG.THE SPE-
CIAL OP THE NEW YORK WORLD PBESFNT.
June 4th.
Dear Revolution: I wrote a dozen lines
at Queenstown, yesterday, as I was seeing off
the last of the Jacknell men, and find I can diop
another letter into the post to-day. The Re-
volution is creating such changes day by day,
I am bristling all over with points. Never be-
fore did a grand idea take such deep root so
rapidly. It shows the soil was prepared; and
the sunshine and the rain are the harbingers of
glad tidings. *
AN IRISH ANNA DICKINSON OUT ON TEMPERANCE.
Why dont Anna Dickinson come out for
Father Matthew and his men. We must reform
our young men nowthe old men are dying off
with delirium tremens. This is the last lady lec-
turer. Let The Revolution introduce her
to the American world. .
A LADY LECTURER.
Lectures were delivered on the evenings of Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesday, at the lower room, Town Hall,
by Miss Jesrie Craigen, in connection with the Water


tot gUv0lwti0tt.
391
ford Temperance Society. It was the first occasion, we
believe, on which a lady addressed a public assembly in
Waterford, and this circumstance, together with a grow-
ing interest in the temperance cause amongst certain
classes, brought together a pretty large audience eaeh
evening, though there was a charge for admittance, and
the vanities and frivolities of a theatre in full swing up-
stairs divided public patronage with the csfuse of tem-
perance. The Right Worshipful the Mayor ocoupied the
chair each evening.
We had the pleasure Of hearing Miss Craigen on Wed-
nesday evening. She is a fluent speaker, remarkably
self-possessed, and has a knack of interesting her au-
dience in whatever she talks abouta quality generally
known as eloquence. She is evidently possessed by a
kindly feeling of large-hearted sympathy for the toiling
millions of the United Kingdom, and she spoke with en-
thusiasm when describing the effects of the first move-
ment for the regeneration of the working classes in
England in the eighteenth century ; and occasionally
she alluded, somewhat sarcastically, to the aristocracy,
such allusions, we observed, being received with laugh-
ter and applause by th3 audience. Of course she took
occasion to speak of the one great subject supposed to oc-
cupy the thoughts of unmarried ladies. Referring to Lord
Savilles advice to his daughter, not to reject a man who
proposed marriage because he is acoustomed to getting
drunk now and thensav four or five times a month
for, said that wise parent, a wife can more readily rule'
such a husband by taking advantage of his weakness, the
lecturer repudiated, on the part of her sex, any desire
of ruling their husbands. What ladies wanted, she said,
was a husband they could respecta sentiment loudly
applauded by all the young ladies present.1 Towards the
close ot the lecture, Miss Craigen summed up the his-
tory of the temperance movement, and confidently pre-
dicted success. She pointed out how the abolition of the
slavery movement took a century and a half, while the
temperance movement has much greater obstacles to
overcome, and yet it has already, though only forty
years in existence, its representatives in every nook and
corner of the United Kingdom and on the floor ot the
House of Commons. Sh3 described the three bodies
now working side by side for the suppression of drunk-
ennessviz., the Total Abstinence Pledge Societies, the
Band of Hope, a society taking charge of young people to
train them up in habits of temperance and hatred of
drunkenness, and the United Kingdom Alliance, for ob-
taining legislative prohibition of traffic in drink. She
paid a warm tribute to the labors of the Irish Temper-
ance Apostle, Father Mathew, the man whom Providence
provided when the time and the circumstances required
him ; and she declared the advocates of temperance
would never cease their labors until a man might travel
in any part of the United Kingdom, and calling into a
hotel or other house of refreshment and asking for any
kind of intoxicating drink, would receive for answer
foom the proprietor, What do you take us for? We
dont keep anything of the kind on the premises.
Miss Craigen is a lady of no ordinary ability, and her
lecture was certainly an exceedingly able as well as a
most interesting one ; and we really believe the delivery
of such leotures cannot fail to help forward the noble
cause to which she has devoted her energies. At the
conclusion of the lecture, a vote of thanks to Miss Craigen
was moved by Dr. Palmer, seconded by a gentleman
whose name we did not learn, and passed unanimously.
Waterford Citizen. '
PORTIA ARRIVES IN TIME TO CONFUSE THE LAWYERS.
Seven thousand women demand Lillie Max-
wells right. Taxation without representation
is robbery. Down with unjust laws and up
with womanhood and* the rights of all who pay
taxes.
CAN WOMEN VOTE ?
A question cf extraordinary interest has been for-
mally raised, and will come before the Court of
Common Plev for formal decision. A demand has
been mado upon the overseers of Manchostor to
place upon the list of voters women who possess the
qualification ot independent householders, being rated
and paying their rates. It was stated that there were no
less than 7,000 of such claimants in Manchester alone.
Dr. Parkhurst was their spokesman. His argument
was, that by the new act the franchise was given1, not to
every male person, as by the Reform act, but to
any man. The word man in jurisprudence and ju-
di cial science had no reference to sex j it meant merely a
human bein grand comprehended man and woman. In
the common statute law the word man was held to
include woman also; and, lastly, Lord Romillys
act (13 and 14 Viet. o. 21, s. 4) positively enacts that in
all acts words importing the masculine gender shall be
deemed and taken to include females, unless the con-
trary as to gender is expressly provided. In the Repre.
eentation of the People act the franchise was given to
every man. There was no proviso to the contrary,
ani therefore the legal conclusion is that every man
in that act must be construed woman also. The argu-
ment is strong, and we cannot find an answer to it. The
chairman of the board promised that it should, have
consideration. The overseers probably will not take
upon themselves to place qualified women on the list of
voters ; but the women can send In their claims ; they
will be heard and decided by the Revising Barrister, and.
an appeal taken from his decision to the Common Pleas.
For our own part, we heartily wish them success. We
have sought in vain for solid argument against the ad-
mission to the franchise of single women qualified as in-
dependent householders, or as owners of property. All
the arguments of its opponents are directed against giv-
ing the franchise to wives and daughters, which nobody
demands or desires.Times.
THE SALFORD OVERSEERS AND FEMALE RATE-
PAYERS.
The following communication has been ad-
dressed to the Mayor of Salford, by the Chair-
man of the Overseers of the Salford district:
Overseers Office, 12 Encomb Place, 1
Salford, May 29, 1868. J
Dear Sir s In reply to your letter of the 2d instant,
relative to the placing of properly qualified females on
the parliamentary borough register, the overseers, after
carefully considering section 3, 30 and 31 Viet., cap. 102
of the New Reform act, viz. : Every man shall, in and
after the year 1868, be entitled to be registered as a voter,
and, when registered, to vote for a member or members,
to serve in parliament for a borough, who is qualified as
follows, that is to say :
1. Is of full age, and not subject to any legal incapa-
city ; and,
, 2. Is on the last day of July in any year, and has
during the whole of the preceding twelve calendar months
been an inhabitant occupier, as owner or tenant of any
dwelling-house within the borough ; and
3. Has, during the time of such occupation, been
rated as an ordinary occupier iu respect of the premises
so occupied by him within the borough to all rates (£f
any) made for the relief of the poor in respect of such
premises ; and
4. Has, on or before the twentieth day of July, in
the same year, bona fide paid an equal amount in the
pound to that payable by other ordinary occupiers in
respect of all poor rates that have become payable by him
in respect of the said premises up to the preceding fifth
day of January, etc., and section 4,13 V\ct., cap 21 of
an act for shortening the language used in acts of par-
liament, viz.: Be it enactedth&t in all acts, words im-
porting the masculine gender shall be deemed and taken
to include females, and the singular to include the plu-
ral, and the plural the singular, unless she contrary as
to gender or number is expressly provided, have passed
the following resolution :
That, in the judgment of the overseers, they have no
alternative but to place all duly qualified females on the
next parliamentary register for the borough.lam,
yours truly, James Farmer, Chairman.
H. D. Fochin, Esq., Broughton Old Hall, Broughton.
FEMALE FRANCHISES.
To the Editor of the Star:
Sir : There Is an inaccuracy in one paragraph of your
leading article of this morning upon the Saliord case,
which, as it affects myself, I hope you will allow me to
correct. Neither in my Notes on the Representation
of the People act, 1867, nor in any other form, have I
ever oxpressed the opinion that the judicial author-
ities would be disinclined to .revive a right so long in
abeyance, or decline to ratify such decisions as that at
which the overseers of Pallord have arrived. My opin-
ion has always been the other waynamely, that the
argument of non-user is worthless, or, as I have ex-
pressed myself at pp. 97-103 of the work alluded to,
franchise is not lost or waived by non-user or laches,
for#the right implies a duty, and the duty is co-equal aDd
co-extensive with the right ; and that in the case of
female parliamentary franchises, it will be the duty of
Registration and Revision Courts to give effect to the
claim.lam, sir, your obedient servant,
T. Chisholm Anstey.
Temple, 4une 1.
womans suffrage.
The claim to have women placed upon the list of par-
liamentary voters has not been dealt with in Manchester
as in Saliord. The overseers asked for tho opinion of Mr.
Mellish, Q.C., who replied: I am of opinion that,
under the Representation of the People act, 1867, wo-
men are not entitled to be registered as voters. It is
plain that, if it had been the intention of parliament to
give votes to women, the word man would not have
been used in the 3d, 4th, 6th and Cth sections ; and no
statute ought to be construed contrary to the manifest
intention of the Legislature. Mr. Mellish adds that he
sees no objection to the nam?s of women being placod
on the list of claimants.Manchester Examiner.
Republican-Democratic America burry up, or
Monarchical-Aristocratic England will be first
to give women their rights.
A WOMAN HOISTS A TURKISH FLAG IN ENGLAND.
Saint Ann is the patron saint of all the Hy-
geine springs, and yesterday a woman raised
the first Turkish flag in England. Did not wo-
men invent silk and straw bonnets as well as the
cotton gin? Men have too long absorbed the
ideas of women.
INTERESTING CEREMONY AT ST. ANNS.
The colony of St.Anns had a new sensation to-day.
The signal was given at dinnerthe beef and the mut-
ton, the rabbit pie and the roast chicken bad been dis-
cussedthe sago, the tapioca, the stewed prunes, and
the gooseberries had played their partthe doctor had
said grace, or returned thanks rather, when a learned
professor announced that all the guests of St. Anns
wore expected to assemble on the green sward at lour
oclock to assist in the spectacle of raising a Turkish flag
in honor of Dr. Barter, presented by Madame De OLtcr*
one of his grateful patients. The hour came, the bell
rang, the gong sounded, and out of the bathout of the
chapelout of the billiard-roomout of the Holy
Land, and Palestine and Purgatory, and Tho
Garden there came a stream of disciplesconverts to
the true laws of Higienneyoung and oldold men aud
little girlsaged ladies and schoolboysthe lame and
the halt, the strong and the feeble poured out of the ex-
tensive building upon the green sward, to witness the
compliment to the head centre of the Turkish Bath.
The day was lovelyall nature was wearing the green,
and yet the prevailing color of the group was wearing of
the orange. A fair young girl, dressed in Turkish cos-
tume-elegant Turkish robe, Turkish hat, Turkish scarf,
presented the beautiful Turkish, slippers to Dr. Barter.
A distinguished professor making a neat speechjoining
the hands of the East and West. The orient with the
Occident, all in honor of the great professor who had
saved so many lives.
Dr. Barter rose to replyall listened to the distin-
guished physician who had organized this great estab-
lishment, with its five hundred acres of forest trees and
pasture, rookeries and trout streamswith its great gar-
den of fruit and fields of vegetable and grainwith its
singular pile of oriental buildings, so resembling the
palace of a Japanese nobleman, or the bungalow of an
Indian Prince. All hats were off, and grateful patients
many who had been saved from cartloads of drugs, and
oceans ot alcoholic medicinesclapped and cheered for
the man who had battled against the entire medical.fa-
culty for a quarter of a century to rescue humanity from
man. Dr. Barter is a ready talker aud an enthusiast in
his profession. His speech sparkled with self-evident
truths. His baths were for the poor as well ap the rich.
The reformation had just begun. That building going
up beside the chapel is for Dr. Donovan's bazaar for the
poor. Pointing to a largo space to be covered by tho
23d inst., when the great fair comes off, and everybody
for miles around contributes something for Those we
have always with us. Encouraged by these tokens of
regard from his patients he should go on with the good
workactions speak more than wordsfacts eventually
root out fallacies, and every man and womau saved goes
out convert to save others from the drug destroyer.
The special correspondent of the New York Worldtho
Head Centre of all revolutionary outbreaks, and im-
promptu inspector of British jails, was present, but his
modestyso peculiar to his countrymenhis diffidence,
so characteristic of Americansprevented him from add-
ing his testimony to the wonderful curative powers of
the Turkish hath under the high temperative improve-
ments made thereon by its introducer in these Islands,
Dr. Richard Barter, thefounderof tho flourishing colony
of St. Anns on the Hill. a. f. t.
St. Anns, June 9. -


gUwJtttiatt.
3t)z
Clje leiiaUtion.
KUZABKTIl CADY STANTON,
FAltKIflJK. PILLSBVKY,
Editors.
SUSAN U. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, JUNE 25, 18.68.
CHIEF-JUSTICE CHASE.
All the vials of radical wrath are poured on
the head of Judge Chase. Last year he was
the admiration of those who to-day would, if
they could, blast him with the breath of their
nostrils. He swung around the southern circle,
and made himself the idol of the colored pop-
ulation by bis friendly recognition of them,
and earnest, excellent words of congratulation,
oounsel and encouragement. He assured them
that what the government had begun for them
in emancipation it would complete in bestowing
on them all the rights and privileges of American
citizenship. He exhorted them to honesty, in-
dustry, economy, temperance, and all the
virtues of manhood, citizenship and religion.
Some of his addresses were really sermons to
his simple but listening congregations. Who
thought then of General Grant for President by
the side of Chief-Justice Chase? Surely not
those who are to-day pouring on him all their
maledictions, and screaming themselves hoarse
in praise of General Grant! And yet what has
he done thus to forfeit their favor? To what
republican principle has he proved false? Or,
what is more to the purpose, what sentiment,
doctrine or demand of his last year address to
the freedman has he abandoned or modified?
With those addresses he raised himself to the
point of absolute worship in the minds and
hearts of his colored andiences; nor were his
white admirers far behind them in their mani-
festations. Nor can it he shown that he has
abated one jot or tittle of his determination to
use all his influence, in whatever station, to es-
tablish equal and impartial liberty in every part
and portion of the country'. His recent pub-
lished letter, in its bold and manly utterances,
is a splendid contrast to the shuffling, sneak-
ing, not to say lying preteaces of the Chicago
platform, or the feeble paltering of Gen. Grant
in accepting the call to stand upon it. This
may be one reason why the vituperation against
him grows louder and louder. In his letter he
says, I shall never abandon the great prin-
ciples for the success of which I have given my
entire life. I adhere to mi old creed or equal
RIGHTS, WITHOUT ONE JOT OR TITTLE OP ABATE-
MENT. . . . I follow my old lights, not
new ones. I neither expect nor desire to he
a candidate tor office again. It would, how-
ever, gratify me exceedingly if the demowatic
party would take grounds which would assure the
party against all attempts to subvert the principle
of universal suffrage, established in right, and
to ho established in all the southern constitu-
tions. Then I think the future of the great
cause for which I have labored so long would be
secured.
So spoko Judge Chase last year, and so he
speaks yet. But the biggest utterance of Gen.
Graut is in his letter of acceptance, thus :
If elected to tbo office of President of the United
Stales, it will be my endeavor to administer all the laws
in good faith, with economy and with the view of giving
peace, quiet and protection everywhere. In times like
tho present it is impossible, or, at least, eminently im-
proper, to lay down a policy to be adhered to, right or
wrong, through an administration of four years. New
political issues not foreseen are constantly arising, the
views of the public on old ones are constantly changing,
and a purely administrative officer should always be left
free to execute the will of tho people. I have always re-
spected that will and always shall.
Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, or any rebel,
pardoned, unpardoued, or unpardonable, could
sign such sentiments as these without tremor
or change of color. To say he endorsed the
resolutions of the convention, was all else the
letter contained. The resolutions are not a
shuffling evasion of the question of suffrage,
but a direct surrender of it to the rebels as fast
as they get restored, without even a recognition
of the provisions of the boasted fourteenth
article of constitutional amendments.
And this is the real ground of difference be-
tween Judge Chase and his republican defamers.
He is for universal suffrage as a greaX principle
to be established in all (he southern constitutions;
tbey leave it to. the people of the states to regu-
late as they deem best. And republican states
from Connecticut to Kansas are setting tbe
rebel states the example of disfranchising tho
colored people as soon as they possess the
power!
The spleen audBpite of the radical repub-
licans towards Judge Chase can be accounted
for only on tbe hypothesis ofenvy and jealousy.
He stands sublimely above them, and the in-
telligent among them must know it. Whether
he biings the democratic party up to his own
positions may be as doubtful as the repub-
licans pretend to regard it. But that only re-
flects the more honor on his grand endeavor.
He has advanced from the Chicago platform as
did Generals Cass and J >ix, Daniel S. Dickin-
son, and many other true men from the demo-
cratic party at the opening of the rebellion and
war. And the same cannonade of curses with
which their old party pursued them is now re-
peated by the republicans on the former pride
of -their party, Chief-Justice Chase. p. p.
STATE RIGHTS.
The H'on. John A. Gilmer has written a
philosophical letter, from a politicians stand-
point, to the editor of the World, pointing out
to the Democratic Convention, to meet in New
York on the 4th of July, what its policy should
be, and the fitting man to represent it in the
coming Presidential campaign. We agree with
him that this is one of the most important con-
ventions that has ever met since the foundation
of the government.
The sicred,associations of the day, the fact
that this is the first time we have chosen a Pre-
sident since the war, the general feeling of dis-
appointment at the results of the convention at
Chicago, and the determination of the people
to take some onward step, all give a peculiar
feeling of interest and hope in the coming con-
vention, which its action may by no means jus-
tify. What policy shall govern this nation in
the next four years is indeed a momentous
question, for on it depends our existence as a
republic. One thing is sure, that whatever
party proposes to wield the sceptre of power, it
must base itself on a broader platform than
State Rights or a white mans govern-
ment. If, in the coming convention, the de-
mocratic party lakes no higher ground than the
republican and offers one of its old conservative
party hacks for the suffrages of the people, it is
probable that the radicals will call a convention
to meet in Chicago in September, and nominate
some soundman on a platform of universal suf-
frage,.the rights of labor, greenbacks, and free
trade. The time bas fully come for some new
party, that shall decide what a genuine repub-
lican government is, and secure the protection
of such a government to every citizen under its
flag. Whether Chief-Justice Chase couldrepre-
sent such a party is the question. We fully
agree with Mr.'Gilmer in his high estimate of
Mi'. Chase. As a man, a jurist and a statesman,
he certainly compares favorably with any man
of our day. His doctrine of State Rights,
however, as set forth in a late letter, is so op-
posed to the first principles of just government
and sound policy, that we do not see how Mr.
Chase can reconcile this position with his other
political opinions. The democrats can well af-
ford to compromise with the chief-Justice by ac-
cepting negro suffrage for state rights;
for an admission that any state has a right to
deprive a peaceful, law-abiding citizen of a natu-
ral right, a political or civil right, which the
Federal Constitution secures to all, is a virtual
surrender of all the freedman has gained by the
war, and our time-honored American idea of in-
dividual rights : It is tbe duty of Congress to
secure a republican form of government to
every state in the Union. It is not safe to
leave black men to the tender mercies of their
rulers in South Carolina, nor women to the con-
stitutional conventions of New York, nor to tbe
votes of white men in Kansas. We demand that
the general government establish a uniform and
impartial representatiou, as well as a uniform
currency from Maine to Louisiana.
As the family is but the nation in miniature,
let us illustrate the doctrine of state rights, by
our domestic government. As the object of the
family is the rearing and protecting of children,
it is the duty of the parents to see that the
children do not abuse, degrade, or despoil each
other. If the sfrong overpower the weak the
parents interfere to protect the injured. The
mother has superior rights as a mother, Jrat if
she is cruel and vindictive, and maltreats her
children, it is the fathers duty to set aside her
authority and redress the grievance of the
child. If the father is brutal and tyrannical it
is the duty of wife and children to rebel, and
maintain their individual freedom and dignity
at all hazards. If they are too weak-to protect
themselves, the town officers should interfere
and protect the family from the outrages and
cruelties of a brutal father. Just so in the na-
tion, if a state is goverfied by a tyrannical set of
officials, where men are brutally treated, falsely
imprisoned, mobbed* lynched, burnt alive,-
hunted with blood-hpunds, it is not only the
right but the duty, of the general government to
interfere, because there is no right in the state
so sacred as the rights of the individual to life,
liberty and happiness, and there all just power
begins and ends. The people of a state have a
right at any moment to rebel against an unjust
state government, and call on the general gov-
ernment for protection. And so have oppressed
men everywhere a right to all the foreign pro-
tection they can secure. No constitution, "noi
laws, no international treaties are of any account
weighed in the balance with the rights of the
humblest individual in the nation. Hence, it is
the duty, of our government to-day, to protect our
Irish citizens in foreign prisons, and our African
citizens ostracised and persecuted in all our
States North and South. If Virginia had the
right to call on the general government to pro-
tect Gov. Wise against John Brown, she has the


393

right to call on the general government to pro-
tect black men against the tyranny of Gov.
Wise. It will be'time enough to talk of State
rights, when all the people of a state have a
voice in its government. The women cf this
state appeal to-day from white male tyranny,
to the Congress of the United States, and pray
that honorable body to establish a republican
form of government in the State of New York.
On the simple principle of individual rights, we
set up the judgment of a disfranchised Ameri-
can. woman, against that of the'Ghief-Jnstice of
the United States, the Hon. John A. Gilmer,
and the Chicago platform, and we can main-
tain ourselves against them all iu the position,
that it is the duty of the general government to
protect the rights of every citizen under the
shadow of its flag, male and female, black and
white, and we need this protection in New York
as well as in South Carolina. Moreover, this
right of the general government does not depend
on the loyalty or disloyalty of the state, but it
is as absolute for individual protection in all the
Northern States to-day as it is in those of the
South. e. o. s.
lobbying.
Egypt had her ten plagues, as Hebrew re-
cord runs, some loathsome, others destructive,
and one, at least, fatal. Unwholesome va-
pors breed pestilence ; putrescence noise-
some reptiles and unclean .vermin, but legis-
latures breed lobbiesa sort of monsters more
to be dreaded than any of them. No nat-
ural historian has yet attempted to describe
them. They are of the vampire or blood-sucker
order, but more rapacious than- all the dragons
of mythology ; and, more alarming still, they
not only multiply in number but increase in
size and power with every new generation,
and they breed every year. The people choose
their legislature, but the lobby makes and exe-
cutes the laws. The legislature costs the people
millions, the lobby legions. Indeed, no arith-
metic has ever fathomed the cost of the lobby.
Probably none ever will. The city and state of
New York, next to Washington, are generally
believed to have been most infected with this
fearful plague. But wheresoever a legislative
carcass is, thither will these eagles (or griffins)
be gathered together. As the northern regions
are exempt from the more dangerous and larger
serpents and other monsters of the tropics, so'
New England, especially Massachusetts, has
been supposed to be tolerably clear of the lobby
brood. But no puritanic vaccination avails
longer. The last Boston Commonwealth records
the ravages of the fell destroyer to an extent
that might wake the apprehensions even of the
Federal Capitol. A proposition to levy on the
people of Massachusetts five millions of dollars
at once to bore a hole through Hoosac Moun-
tain for a railway has brought out a powerful
protest (from a radical republican, intimate
friend of Senator Sumner) entitled, The
Intolerable Burdenfrom which the following is
extracted:
Here is an expenditure of seven to ten millions admit-
ted ; how much more, nobodyknows. It has passed the
legislature, and the republicau party, with three-fourths
of each branch, is alone responsible' for it.........
Already our opponents sec their advantage. What-
ever else the democratic party may fail in, it has pluck.
Their candidate for governor last year was applied to for
a pledge in favor of the tunnel, and Hung his defiance at
them. He has put bimself flat-footed against the swin-
dle this year. The sagacious organ of the party, the
Boston Postt accepts the issue in the following:
The tax-payers of Massachusetts will read with alarm
and apprehension that the House has engrossed the
Hoosac Tunnel appropriation bill by a vote of 107 to 94.
Every qualifying amendment was resolutely voted down,
even one submitting the act to the vote of the people,
and the governor was authorized to draw his warrant for
a sum of money so prodigious that every man, woman
and child in the state v ill feel the burden imposed.. The
speeches of conservative members against this flagrant
violation of trust and power were unheeded. The warn,
ing that the republican party, by passing the bill, would
dig its own political grave, excited no attention what-
ever, members being apparently willing to perform
hari Jeari, or incur any risk and odium, rather than suffer
the project either to be delayed or rendered less hazard'
ous to the public interests. It is not surprising tnat
radical papers sound the note of alarm and warn their
friends that the tax upon the patience, as well as, the
pockets, of voters, is altogether too grievous to be borne>
and that a cry of economy in the next election will be the
knell which will bury the spendthrifts who-dip into the
public purse with a recklessness that cannot longer be
tolerated.
After this from the Boston Post, the pam-
phlet proceeds :;
Let no man say that those who expose this swindle are
injuring the republican party. They are responsible who
put the burden upon us, not those who expose the
fraud. ..... I make this hasty appeal with little
hope that it will be successful. I know too well the
power of the mercenary Lobby; I know too well how
effectively this swindle is log-rolled in with every scheme
of plunder, and with every measure of doubtful expe-
diency............It is time we knew whether the
little squad of Hessians who have so long dominated re-
publican conventions shall be allowed longer to wield
their mischievous power. This week, the leader of the
tunnel ring boasted openly to me, We have con-
trolled the republican state conventions for ten years,
and we will do it again this fall."
The Commonwealth has to add, with evident
sorrow and shame:
But all appeals to stop this extravagance were vain !
The bill has been approved by the governor, and is now
a law.
It seems the Massachusetts Lobby consists of
only five members, but their power during the
long legislative session recently closed, was al-
most omnipotent. They had sumptuous and
elegant headquarters in Avon Place, and sold
their services to whatever individual or corpo-
rate interest would buy them. The Common-
wealth adds, that most of the five hold places
under Collector Russell in the Boston Custom
House, and suggests whether their salaries
should not be suspended when they transfer
the base of their labors to the White House.
The suggestion is well; but, as itself says
above, all appeals to stop this extravagance
are vain, its own with the* rest. The repub-
lican party has come to be a party of plunder.
With reasonable exceptions, the difference be-
tween its leaders and the Forty Thieves of the
fable is only one of numbers. In a recent
Revolution we arraigned New Hampshire
republicans, and judged them out of their own
mouth, and what a record was disclosed!
Massachusetts is no-better, no worse, as here-
with appears. One is almost driven to exclaim
over such a party, as Frederick Douglass did of
the slave system, Welcome the bolt that dashes
it in piecescome that bolt from heaven or come
it from hell! For if they do these things in the
green tree of New England puritanism, what
shall they not do in JSew York and Washington
profligacy? p. p.
Madame Olympia Audouard, Countess de la
Morliere, hasrecently arrived in this country,
where she proposes to lecture on Womans
Rights m her native language. She is a
highly educated woman, of pleasing manners
and address, and great personal beauty. She
J has travelled extensively in the Old Word, and
published a volume of travels in Egypt, beside
several other works on the French laws for wo-
men. We shall publish next week a letter from
her pen to the Chamber of Deputies, translated
by the daughter of Gerrit Smith.
- THE IMPEACHMENT FAILURE.
The republicans of all others have most rea-
son to rejoice at the result of the Impeachment
trial. They still have the president as their
scape goat. Had he been removed they would
have had no answer to the people for failure in
restoring the union and government.. For they
would still have failed as essentially as now,
and as heretofore they have failed. But had
Johnson been deposed they would have had no
reason to render, as really, they never have had.
With a majority in both houses of Congress that
enabled it to veto the very veto power itself, the
republicans have not had power to save them-
selves, much less the government. Even
in Massachusetts the radical flag is lowering it-
self into homage to the Chicago platform and
conservatism. The Boston Commonwealth says
the statement is going the round of the news-
papers that many distinguished citizens of Bos-
tonand vicinity, of the republican party, too, are
about tendering the compliment of a puplic din-
ner to Senator Fessenden. Governor Bullock,
ex-Govemor Washburn, President Hill of Har-
vard College, James Russell Lowell, Charles
E. Norton, Mr. Dana, Peleg W. Chandler
and A. G. Brown, Jr., are among his intend-
ed hosts. Thei Commonwealth adds, apparent-
ly with surprise, we are in possession of
the names of other signers which we with-
hold for the present in the hope that they
may yot be withdrawn. Vain hope, O, 6bm-
monwealth l although, as you well say, it a
public testimonial in Boston to Mr. Fessenden
does not mean approval of his vote on impeach-
ment, it means nothing. If the Chicago plat-
form and nomination of Gen. Grant do not mean
that, they mean nothing. And it is fit that
Massachusetts should make this first demonstra-
tion to the country. When Andrew Johnson
and almost the whole nation were proposing re-
construction on the basis of colored suffrage,
people, press, pulpit, church, loudly demanding
it, then it was that Massachusetts republicans,
in a State Convention, more than thirteen hun-
dred strong, presided over by Mr. Senator Sum-
ner, declared in a resolution that Massachusetts
has no theory of suffrage to propose; and the
effect on the country was more disastrous than
the revoking of Gen. Fremonts Proclamation of
Freedom, and his removal from command, in the
beginning of the war. For these, Johnson sure-
ly was not responsible, any more than he is for
the Boston dinner to Senator Fessenden. Who,
then, is to be blamed ? p. p.
WOMEN VOTING IN ENGLAND:
We call the attention to the London Law,
Times article, and the report ol the Salford over-
seers given us this week in Mr. Trains letter.
Why do not the women of wealth in thiscouutry
go and do likewise ? In all our towns and vil-
lages, they could at once vote on all questions
relating to taxes and their appropriations. The
twelve women of Passaic, N. J., who voted for,
and thereby carried the question, of building a
sidewalk, set the tax-paying women of the
country an example worthy of imitation. Let
every woman property holder refuse to pay her
tax to build town-house, or school-house, bridg0


394
3(b* |Utf0luti0;
or sidewalk, until she is allowed to vote as to
whether the improvements shall be made, and
town officers will very soon find no by-laws to
prohibit womens voting.
OUR YOUNG GIRLS.
They are the music, the flowers, the sunshine
of our social life. How beautiful they make
our homes, our churches, schools and festive
scenes ; how glad and gay they make our streets.
Who can see a bevee of girls tripping home
from school, without pausing to watch their
graceful motions, pretty faces, feet and legs, to
listen to their merry words, and peals of laugh-
ter? See how they romp and play with hoops
and balls, with sleds and skates, and wash their
brothers faces in the snow, and beat them in a
race on yonder pond. These boys and girls are
one to-day in school, at play, at home, never
dreaming that one sex was made to clutch the
stars, the other but to kiss the dust. But watch
awhile and you will see these dashing, noisy,
happy, healthy girls grow calm, and pale, and
sad, and een though lodged in palace homes,
mid luxury and ease, with all the gorgeous trap-
pings wealth can giverich silks, bright jewels,
gilded equipagethey arc still listless and un-
satisfied. Life to them has ceased to have the
joy and fullness it still yields to the brothers by
their side. And why? They have awakened to
the fact that they belong to an ostracised, a de-
graded class ; that to fulfil their man>appointed
sphere they are to have no individual character,
freedom, life, purpose, fame or immortality.
They are simply to revolve round one man, to
live only for him, in him, with himto be fed,
clothed, guided and controlled to-day by father
or brother, to-morrow by husband or son, never
to kuow the freedom and dignity that one
secures in self-dependence and self-suppoit.
Young girls feel all this long before they utter
it, and far more keenly than kind fathers ever
know.
Walking in Madison Park recently, a little
boy, reading the signs hung on the trees, No
dogs admitted here, remarked, It is a good
thing, mother, that the dogs cannot read, it
would hurt their feelings so to know that they
were forbidden to walk in the parks. Yes,
we said, the dogs, like the women, are shut
out of the green pastures of life, and both alike
ignorant of the statutes by which it is done.
Bruno sleeps on his masters rug in some dark
street, pining for the sunshine and the grass,
and a frolic through field and forest, without
knowing his degradation, published to all men
in that one invidious statute, No dogs ad-
mitted here ; but if he should try to enter the
park, he would soon get a smart rap on the
nose, that would teach him that he was a dog,
and not a man. So the young girts pine and
perish for the lack of freedom, for the stimulus
of work and wages, something to satisfy their
ambition, their love of fame, and distinction.
They are clothed in purple and fine linen, and
fare sumptuously every day in their gilded
cagoe, but if by chance, with some new inspira-
tion, they awake to life, and go forth to. claim
the place in the great world that is by birth-
right theirs, they find at the very gates of life,
at the entrance of every winding path, leading
up to the Temple of Knowledge and of Fame,
these self-same little signs hung out, No girls
admitted here.
White the dogs and the women suffer alike
the penalty of the law, the degradation of-the
latter is greatly aggravated by the fact that they'
can read the signs. And what adds to the girls
humiliation, is the fact that the boy finds out
that to him alone the world is free, to be, to do,
to dare all that he can. The universe of mat-
ter and of mind is his domain ; no constitutions,
laws or customs block his way, but the whole
world combine to urge him on, and all his
triumphs in science, literature and art are hailed
with loud huzzas ; he accepts the homage
of the multitude as his sole right, and looks
with jealous eye on any girl that dare to tread
upon his heels. Iu these artificial distinctions
boys learn their first lessons of contempt for all
womankind. They naturally infer that they are
themselves endowed with some superior powers,
to match their superior privileges. But what
avails it that here and there some proud girl
repudiates these invidious -distinctions, laughs
at these supercilious airs that hoys affect, and
braces up her mind to resist this tyranny of sex.
She feels she is the peer of any boy she knows.
She has measured many a lance on the play
ground, and in the school, and now, forsooth,
shall custom make her how to sex ; to those in-
ferior to herself? She scorns the thought, but
what cau one brave girl do against the world ?
Custom has made this type of boy, and now
these hoys perpetuate the custom. They make
the creeds, the codes, the constitutions, while
woman is nought but a lay figure in the world,
an appendage to lordly man, a something on
which to hang his titles, name and fame. With
blighted girlhood, wasted youth and vacant age,
the ambition of most women we meet to-day is
simply to be distinguished as the daughter,
wife or mother of Gen., Hon., or Judge so-and-
so, to shine in their reflected light, to wear their
deeds and words of valor and of eloquence ; as
their own bracelet, necklace or coronal. Now,
this ought not so to be. Every girl should be
something in and of herself, have an individual
purpose and aim in life. As the boy approaches
manhood, he gathers up his forces and concen-
trates them on some definite work, trade or pro-
fession ; has a wish, a will, a way of his own;
hence he. begins life with enthusiasm, early
learns the pleasure of self-dependence, and
grows stronger, nobler, braver every day that
he lives. But turn to the .girl; she leaves
school wtth her ambition at white heat, she has
outstripped the foremost in. the sciences, and
languages ; she has her tools all ready to carve
her way to distinction; and she, too, desires
the dignity and independence of self-support.
But nothing that she proposes to do is accept-
able to family and friends ; in fact any career
for women is tabooed .by the world. And if,
in the face of friends, custom, law, a woman
does lift herself, head and shoulders, above her
class, she meets a dozen obstacles, where a man
does one. The battle of life, without any arti-
ficial barriers, is hard enough, for multitudes
of young men perish in the struggle ; but the
girl who earns her bread, or makes for herself a
name, has all the boy has to surmount, and
these artificial barriers of law and custom in ad-
dition. Oh, fathers, strike off these chains;
the distinctions that God has made, he will
maintain ; he needs none of your puny legisla-
tion to vindicate his wisdom, or carry out his
will, Multitudes of our noblest girls are per-
ishing for something to do. The hope of mar-
riage, all we offer girls, is not enough to feed an
immortal mind; and if that goal is never
reached, what then ? The more fire and genius
a girl has, with no outlets for her powers, the
more complete is her misery when all these
forces are turned back upon herself. The pent
up fires, that might have glowed, with living
words of eloquence in courts of justice, in the
pulpit, or on the stage, are to-day consuming
their victims in idiot and insane asylums, in
domestic discontent and disgust, in peevish
wailings about trifles, in the vain pursuit of
pleasure and fashion, longing for that peace
that is found only in action. Thus multi-
tudes of girls live and die unloving and un-
loved, who might have stood high in the shin-
ing walks of life, a blessing to others and them-
selves. We said to one of the most distin-
guished men of our day, not long since, youi
daughter has a wonderful genius for drawing,
you should cultivate' it; she might distinguish
herself, and find great happiness in the develop-
ment of that talent. .All! said he, she is
interested in ragged schools just now that fills
up her time. Yes, we replied, but she could
not live on acts of benevolence, if you should
die, and she were thrown on her own resources
for bread. What then? Charity is a good
thing, says Sidney Smith, but it is hard to
be pitiful twenty hours in the day. All women
were not made for sisters, of mercy, and it is not
wise for any to watch the sorrows and shadows
of life forever. We know a beautiful girl, just
eighteen, full of genius, force and fire, who has
had one strong, steadfast desire for years to be
educated for. the stage. Her performances in
private theatricals are marvellous. She has but
little thought of dress, fashion, frivolous plea-
sures, or matrimony. She lives in the ideal. She
can give imitations to the life, of Fanny Kemble,
Charlotte Cushman, Ristori. She reads the
most difficult passages of Shakspeare with rare
power, and appreciates the nicest shades of his
thought. She has a passion for tragedy ; all her
desires, her longings, her hopes and aspirations
centre there ; she thinks of the stage by day,
dreams of it by night, and in vain her friends
try to turn the. current of her thoughts, to
change her hearts desire, the purpose of her
life.' They have the power to say her nay, to
control her action, thwart her will, pervert her
nature, darken all her life, but how can they fill
the mighty void that one strong passion unsa-
tisfied makes in tha human soul. The weary
hours of such a blasted life cannot be cheated
with the dull round of ordinary duties, with the
puerile pleasures legitimate to womans sphere.
The stage, they say, is not respectable. As if
a royal soul does not dignify whatever she does.
HavenotaSiddons, Kemble, Cushman, Rachel,
Ristori, made that profession noble f or aUtime ?
And what do the guardians of this girl propose
for the sacrifice they ask. Can they substitute
another strong purpose, will, or wish, as they
desire? Are human souls like garden beds,
where passions can he transplanted as easily as
flowers? Can these guardians pledge them-
selves, while they hold this child of genius to-
day, in idleness and dependence, that they
will surround her with comforts and luxuries
her life all through ? No, this cannot be done.
Fathers, brothers, husbands die, hanks fail,
houses are consumed with fire, guardians may
prove treacherous, Creditors grasping, and
debtors dishonest; the skill and cunning of our
own brains and hands are the only friends that
are ever with us, the only sure means of protec-
tion and support. Give your daughters, then,
the surest of all fortunes, the full development
of their own immortal powers. e. c. s.
Hydropathic Treatment.Dr. Kuczkowski,
late of 44 Bond street, invites his friends to
try the benefit of the Green Mountain air and


Wht |Uv0tti0tt.
395
water at the Wesselhoeft House, Brattleboro,
Vermont, where he will remain during the sum-
mer months.
PETTICOATS AND PANTALOONS, PRIN-
CIPLES AND PREJUDICES.
The question of the political rights of women is being
discussed more and more, both in Europe and America.
Whether these pretensions are well founded or not, they
find numerous defenders. Nature has decreed that Ma-
dame E. C. Stanton, of" The Devolution of New York
should wear petticoats, and, as says Punch, that she
should stay at home and make the pot boil. But Ma-
dame Stanton believes that pantaloons and petticoats
should hang on the same hook, without one having the
right to surpass the other. That is good logic and we
congratulate the lady "bluestocking. For ourselves,
the question whether women shall have the suffrage,
is not a question of rigid; in fact the governed should
have something to say about the legislation which
governs them. If the governed consent, the govern-
ment rests upon the Christian principle of liberty and
love ; only a monarchy or despotism would impose laws
upon the governed'witboufc their consent. Therefore,
we cannot question the right of women to vote ; hut
we must look at it from another point of view, and ask
if it be proper, necessary and logical that she should
vote. We reply in the negative. To mis the attributes
of the two sexes would be contrary to the law of nature.
It is in fact nature that created for them separate and
distinct spheres, a separation which manners and laws
have sanctioned and perpetuated for centuries, before the
wars of Greece aud Borne, before Christianity, before
< the grass was wet with the dew of the first morning.
*. * If woman de sires to be admired and respected,
as the women at the head of "The Revolution cer-
tainly do, she should not be seen in the outside world
but at intervals. A thing to be admired should not be
too often seen. The fact, Seats says in Endymion, a
thing of beauty is a joy forever. We regret that he has
not added, its beauty becomes greater if only seen at
raie intervals. We should be misunderstood if any one
were to suppose that we pretend to refuse women the
right to vote. We argue simply whether it would be ex-
pedient and logical to accord it to her. * * * Ma-
dame Stanton should be content with petticoats. Nature
has destined her to wear them, and her efforts to slip
into a pair of breeches are pitiable to witness.2?. 0.
Lee Libre.
Seeing, Messieur, that you are somewhat be-
fogged on the comparative merits of petticoats
and pantaloons, as well as the behests of Cus-
tom and Nature, we would suggest to you, that
there is no real antagonism between suffrage
and petticoats, nor necessary connection be-
tween the art of governing and pantaloons. If
Nature could be vouchsafed a right to speak on
fashions, she would undoubtedly say to the work-
ers in the world (as to thelay figures it matters
not in what they encase themselves): throw aside
those garments that impede locomotion, and
study your comfort and convenience in all
thin gs. Custom has decreed that certain gar-
ments shall represent dignity, wisdom and
power, hence the mother of the race, popes,
cardinals, bishops, chief-justices, judges, bar-
risters, all wear the long, flowing robes, while
the serfs of Russia, the peasantry of France
and England, the African race in America, mil-
lions of men everywhere wholly unrepresented
in the government, wear pantaloons, showing
that the style of dress has nothing to do
with this question, for pantaloons, as well as
petticoats, are under the ban of disfranchise-
ment. As to Mr. Punch's opinion of our do-
mestic duties, we would suggest that for the
poorer classes of women, work and good wages
are needed to keep the pot porting, and to
secure this, they are often compelled to labor
in the outer world. For the more fortunate
classes we ask, why should an educated woman
be a mere satellite of the dinner pot, any more
than an educated man of the cows in the barn-
yard ? We might say with equal propriety to
Les Libre and Punch, lay down your pens, and
with axe and hoe hie you to your appropriate
sphere, to the fields and forests, to cut down
trees and cultivate the corn.
But you admit womans right to suffrage, you
cannot logically avoid it ; so far so good. Your
principles are sound. Your trouble lies in
your prejudices. When you say, do not mix
the spheres and attributes of the sexes, you as-
sume to know too much. While we grant man,
in spite of all his blunders in the past, the right
to find out ^his own sphere, to use his own powers
just as he chooses, we do not accord him jhe
capacity to judge of our wants or duties. We
propose to bound our own sphere, to try our
wings and fly where we can, and if we reach
the mountain top we shall argue that Nature de-
signed us to stand there.
It is time that the old idea be exploded, that
a woman is the only one of Gods creatures that
cannot be trusted to find her native element.
If we reason from all mans failures for the
last six thousand^ears, it is fair to say, that the
art of governing is not one of the manly ac-
complishments ; hence we propose to govern
ourselves.
The sphere of woman has been gradually
widening and coming nearer and nearer into the
same orbit with that of man, and so far from
his respect decreasing, it steadily increases just
in proportion as they become equal companions
in art, science, literature and their interest in
the government. Contrast the relations of men
and women in this country with those in
Turkey or China.
In meeting at the ballot-box once a year, just
long enough to vote, we do not apprehend that
we should be too often seen, especially those
who are beautiful, to cease to be a joy forever
to those who know and love us.
FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATION
AT FLORENCE HEIGHTS.
New York, 95 Sixth avenue, )
June 17, 1968. \
Miss Anthony : We propose to hold an Equal
.Suffrage Convention at Florence Heights, July
4. We want speakers, the more the better;
and some one ought to be there on behalf of
The Revolution. We will pay all expenses
of advertising extensively, and will give as
many speakers as will attend the hospitalities
of the Home as long as they may be pleased
to rusticate with us. I suppose you will
be engaged with the Democratic Convention.
\Can you send me any names whom I may an-
nounce? Yours very truly,
R. T. Trall, M.D.
N. B.A boat leaves Pier No. 1 at 5:30 a.m.
and 2 p.m. Fare, $1.70. Trains leave foot of
Cortland street 7 a.m., and 1 and 4 p.m. Fare,
$2.50.
WHAT WOMEN ARE DOING AND HAVE
^ DONE
The Career op a Female Detective.Mrs. Kate
Warn, born in the town of Erin, Chemung Co., N. Y., of
poor parents, she had few opportunities of education.
But nature had educated her by* giving her a large brain,
a good judgment, quick perception and a resolute will.
Mr. Pinkerton commenced business as a private detec-
tive about fifteen years ago. Some two years after he
was called upon by Mrs. Warn, a stranger who applied for
apostion as female detective. Up to that time he had not
thought of employing females,'but the novelty and utili-
ty of the thing quickly banished what he supposed might
be the prejudices of society, and, after several interviews,
she was taken into service. She soon provedher compe-
tency, and when it became necessary to add other females
to that branch of the service, Mrs. Warn was chosen as
their head. Her force was thoroughly organized, and the
most rigid rules Of discipline, moral and otherwise, were
laid down. Her control over all her subordinates was com-
mensurate with her strong will, her unceasing vigilance,
and her strict morality. A severe code she deemed ne-
cessary, both for the preservation and utilization of the
force, and to overcome the scruples that mankind enter-
tained of the propriety of that kind o Aervice. Her own
life is a vindication of the wisdom of "her creed, for her
duty even led her into associations unpleasant to dwell
on, and brought her- constantly into contact with the
worst phases of society.
Among some of the earlier investigations submitted to
her charge was that of the robbery of the Adams Express
Company, at Montgomery, Alabama. The loss was about
$10,000. After a long and intricate search, she followed
the package step by step, until she finally recovered i%
except $485, at Jenkintown, in this State, about one yea*
aftet it had been stolen. At the time of the passage of
Mr. Lincoln and suite from Harrisburg to Washington to
be inaugurated, the air was crowded with nraiurs of assas-
sination, and well organized p lots had been 1 aid in Balti-
more, the details of which jjo one sufficiently knew to
propose a plan of circumvention. Suddenly an un-
known lady appeared,and arranged the time of depart-
ure, the procuration of sleeping-car berth, and such
other precautionary steps as to her intimate knowledge
of the plot and ready judgment suggested. This un-
known lady was Mrs. Warn.
At the breaking out of the rebe llion, Mr. Pinkerton
haying been assigned to duty as the head of the secret
service ol the army of the United States, Mrs. Worn took
charge of the female department in Washington and con-
tinued at the head of it until 1863, when Mr. Pinkerton
retired from service for a short time. Whilst in Wash-
ington her experience was varied and startling, she hav-
ing to combat with the.whole army of female spies and
secret agents of the rebels. Always cool, calm and col-
lected, she managed her part admirably, and her services
were of infinite value to the government. Under Mr.
Pinkerton, she in 18G5 assumed charge of the female de-
partment of the secret .service at New Orleans, where her
natural ability and former experience served to add to
her career of usefulness. She undoubtly-ranked as the
best female detcetive in the United States, if not in the
world.
Though not a member of any church, her life was orna-
mented with all the Christian graces. Charity was a
marked feature, and whether in aiding the hunted contra-
band, or catering to the sick or wouhded in the prison-
house, she always left the sufferer indebted to her for a
kind word or act. Quick to perceive and prompt to do,
she proved that females are useful in the sphere to
which the wants of society have long been loth to assign
them. As she lived so she died, a strong, pure and de
voted woman. Her remains lie entombed in the private
lot of Mr. Pinkerton in Graceland Cemetery.
Three years ago, in a public speech, we pro-
posed a company of Women Police, uni-
formed and paid by the State, to watch and
guard young girls and boys coming to this city.
Although the press ridiculed the suggestion, it
will yet be done. The above sketch shows how
effective a true and noble woman is ever found
in defending public safety and virtue. If one
half our police force were women, many of the
evils ot our present system would be remedied
at once.
Wherever the fashion of making physicians and sur-
geons originated, it is certainly spreading with commend-
able rapidity in.every direction. A notable instance re-
marked of late in European papers, is ot a young Russian
woman, Sonstoff by name, who applied at Zurich for a
doctor's diploma tor surgery and midwifery, having just
passed an examination in St. Petersburg. It was neces-
sary for her, according to the law, that she should pass a
second examination before the Medical Board at the Min-
ister llnterlaur, which she accordingly did, viva voce, in
physiology, therapeutics, midwifery and surgery, besides
writing a thesis on lymphatic glands. Her second exam-
ination safely and satisfactorily passed, she now awaits
only tho Emperors confirmation of her appoinment
She certainly deserves it.
Bearded Women.The caprices of fashion with regard
to women's hair furnish a good deal of materiel for sa-
tire at the present day : but the most extravagant of them
now are tame compared with the capillary freaks of wo-


396
ft* UmvlutiUtt.
men in the olden times. Among tbo Roman women at one
period there was a morbid ambition to grow beards, and
they used so shave their faces and smear them with un-
guents to produce those appropriate appendages. Ci-
coro tolls us that thoie was a law passed against this
practico, which is a proof that it must have been carried
to a great oxtout. Among the Greeks too, a similar fancy
appears at one time to have existed ; for they repre-
sented their Cyprain Venus with a beard, and Suidas
asserts that falso beards wore more thaD once in vogue
with the Athenian women. 1 he Lombard lasses also, had
the'same notiou, IJfet with more purpose in it; for we
loam from old writers that the Amazons of that nation,
when levying war upon their neighbors, used bo impro-
vise beards by arranging their hair upon their cheeks,
so that they might look, at a little distance, like warriors
of the rougher sox, and so strike the more*terror to their
male foes.
Little, Brown & Go. Boston, have published The
Spirit of '76, or tho Coming Woman ; a ProheticDrama,
followed by Change of Base "and Doctor Mond
sebcin,'' amatour dramas which have been played here
during the present season. These plays are understood
to bo .written by Mrs. Daniel S. Curtis, wifeof oneof our
wealthiest brokers. They arc intended to ridicule the
womans rights movements.
The lecture delivered last evening on the subject of
temperance, in the Baptist Church, by Miss Jennie
Graves, was an able and impressive one, and listened to
with.gieat attention by a largo and appreciative audience.
Miss' G. is woll entitled to her rapidly growing reputation
as an oratoress. After speaking nearly an hour, she
closed.
The colony of young ladies who sailed from New York
some two years ago for Washington territory is said to
have been quite successful. All got comlortable homes
within two weeks after their arrival out, and lyhat is bet-
ter still, all hut tin* ee have since married.
Miss Eliza Tupper will preach at Menasha, Wis., next
Sunday, and for a fow Sundays following. Miss Tupper
has filled our appointm ents at Morrison and Malta, during
the last two weeks, most acceptably. All recognize in
her tho promise of future usefulness, She has crowded
congregations who have demanded sermons on week-
day .evenings, as well as on Suudays. Our women
preachers aremaking their mark. .The Gospel Banner
says that Rev. Mrs. Hanaford is m great repute as a
preacher in the neighborhood of Boston.Nevj Covenant.
English Women and Work.Miss Maria Rye has just
brought a hundred young women from England to Can-
ada, whero they have beeu warmly welcomed by the pco -
pie, and where she has obtained for them employment.
The whole business was admirably arranged and success-
fully accomplished. She has written a letter offering to
return to England and select and fetch out another hun-
dred women, if the authorises will aid her in the under-
taking. She says : I reckon the cost per head to be
about £6 sterling, and if your Government will furnish
mo funds, I shall be only too happy to return and fetch
a similar party, knowing, as I do, that while I am in this
way adding to your comforts, I am lessening our sorrows
athomework in England being now so cruelly scarce
*01* women, and so disgracefully underpaid, the natural
result of over-population, etc., and will only be cured by
emigration. Miss Rye deserves great credit for the
practical benefit she is conferring upon the needy mem-
bers of her sex.
A Womens Paper in Portugal.The Female Question
is making strange progress. From a city so little likely
to be stirred by sentiment as Lisbon we have received
soveral numbers of a paper called A Voz Feminina which
is written by ladies and devot'ed to the cause of womans
emancipation. The chief editor is Madame Francisca
DAssis Martinz Wood, the Portuguese wile of an English
gentleman. Space is givon to fiction, poetry, music
history, and fashions ; the latter being described in
French. A Voz Feminina would be useful to persons
who aro studying Portuguese.London Alhan&um.
Anything in the shape of a personal budget from
Montgomery would he sadly incomplete without men-
tion of Miss Chavlotta Thompson, the actress. Miss
Thompson owns a plantation five miles from tmn,
whore sho spends her time with her mother when not
on professional tours. She has about one thousand five
hundred acres, two-thirds of which are devoted to the
cultivation of cotton. She hasjthe reputation of being a
remarkably capable woman in business affairs, though
with all her tact and excutive talent, she has made noth-
ing during the last two years. The cabins of her hired
negroes are models of neatness and comfort. Often of a
summer morning she risesjwith the sun, mounts a fav-
orite pony, and in person directs the gangs at work in
the field. She keeps all the accounts,makes all contracts
and superintends all the buying and celling. I fear,
however, that the nextltime I see her in Julia, I shall be
led to suspect when she buries her face in her handker-
chief justjbefore wildly sobbing. Why dont you speak
tome Clifford 1 that her mind is engrossed with the
latest bulletin about the army worm, or the evening dis-
patches from Liverpool. In Ophelia's mad scene there
would be no special impropriety in her whispering with
a vacant stare : Uplands 22 cents and excited.
Also of the celebrated actress : Miss Cushmans Satur-
day receptions seem to assemble the pleasantest elements
of artistic and social life in Rome. She herself is a host
in entertaining her guests : her singing is somewhat pecu-
liar*and characteristic; it is intensely dramatic, and im-
presses oue.powerfully. Her singing of Kingleys Mary
go and ca the cattle hame is something I shall never
forget. One holds his breath and Shivers as she brings
out the cruel foamtho hungry, crawling foam.
An American visitor in Rome thus speaks of our great
sculptress : Miss Hosmer has got a very vivacious man-
ner, a little abrupt and very decided, and when she speaks
in clear, ringing tonos, in moments when you or she
have just said something that pleases her, her expression
and maimer are exceedingly charming, and her laugh,
which came often while we were there, is one of the most
musical I have heard.
LITERARY.
June Monthlies.Since tho last notice wo have re-
ceived the Radical, Public Spirit (which contains an an-
swer to Mr. Crowlys article in the May number, on
W Omans Rights, writen by Jennie June), the North-
ern Monthly, the Phrenological Journal, the Herald of
Health, and the Ladies' Repository. Next month we will
give our readers a more extended account of the maga-
z ines as they are issued.
Highland Rambles.Adams & Co., of Boston, have
issued this nicely-bound poem of 182 pages, containing
a number of beautiful passages. Its author is William B.
Wright.
Man and his Relations.We hope soon to give our
readers a review of this work. W. A. Townsend &
Adams, New York. ' '
Joseph Grimaldi.This life of the noted English
clown, written by Dickens, has been sent us by the
Petersons, Philadelphia. It is a pamphlet ot 192 pages,
large print, and is well worth its low price, fifty cents.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
A House to Let. Charles Dickens. Peterson & Bros.,
Philadelphia.
The Uncommercial Travellev. The same.
The Pic-nic Papers. The same.
Peveril of the Peak. Sir Walter Scott. The same.
The Fortunes of Nigle. The same.
Prison Hygiene. J. H. Griscorn, M:D. Van Benthuy
sen, Albany, N. Y.
American Educational Monthly. Schemerhorn & Co.,
New York.
Every Saturday. Tickuor & Fields, Boston.
JJST Among the most readable and instructive of our
Religious exchanges, we take pleasure in refering to the'
Liberal Chriclian, published by tbe New York Publication
Society, J. N. HallOGk,|Manager, Box 6,696. It is a large
plainly printed and ably conducted journal, which can-
not fail to exert a beneficial influence in any family
where it is read.
A New Volume.The Pictorial Phrenological
Journal for July contains portraits of many distinguish-
ed Men, and Beautiful WomeD. European and Asiatic
BeautiesEnglish, French, German, Russian, Grecian,
Swedish, Austrain, Polish, Swiss, Dutch, Turkish, and
Japanese ; also, Lord Brougham, Abbott Lawrence, Za-
dok Pratt; Peter Von Cornelius ; Verdi ; Miss Pittsin-
ger ; and twelve Roman Catholic Prelates and Priests j
Mahomet and his Religion. The Development Theory,
by Prof. Gill; Lady Dafferty, or the Woman Question ;
Thirteen National Types of Female Beauty ; Professional
Instruction in Practical Phrenology ; Indians and Moun-
tains of Oregon ; a French Educator on American Schools,
and much other very interesting matter. A new volume
begins with this number, only $3, a year, or $1.5o for six
months. Address S. R. Wells, 389 Broadway, New York.
Pennsylvania Medical Association.Hirrisburg,
June 11.In the State Medical Association, this morning,
Dr. Stills, of New York, and Dr. Elmer, of New Jersey,
were introduced as corresponding delegates. Dr. Atlee,
of Philadelphia, offered a resolution interpreting the
code of ethics to allow the admission of womeujas physi-
cians. Dr. Hetler, of Philadelphia, asked Dr. Atlee if
he would also admit negroes. Dr. Atlee rospondod** yes.
The woman resolution was defeated by 87 to 45. Resolu-
tions were introduced condemning the publication of in-
decent aud so-called medical advertisements in newspa-
pers.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System
of Finance. American Products and Labor
Fee. Foreign Manufactures Prohibited. Open
doors to Artisans and Immigrants. Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN Steam-
ships and Shipping. New York the Financial
Centre of the World. Wall Street emancipated
from Bank of England, or American Cash for
American Bills.. The Credit Fonder and Credit
Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South.and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. Move organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silva'
Buflion to sett foreigner's at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood.of Labor. If Congress Vote
One Hundred and Twenty-five Millions for a
Standing Army and Freedman1 s Bureau for' the
Blacks, Cannot they spare One Million for the
Whites?
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. XXV.
To oar Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
STEALING AS A 'FINE ART CONGRESSIONAL
LAND JOBS. -
Our Washington government has become
emphatically a government of claim agents
Claim agents own members of Congress and
honorable senators. The people and the peo-
ples rights are treated with contempt by these
thieves and their official allies. The Kansas
land jobs are the most infamous and impudent
frauds ever perpetrated on the people. The
entire delegation from Kansas gave their con- -
sent and ratified these atrocious frauds on their
own citizens These honorable representatives
of the" people have ratified in secret session the,
saj.e of public lands to speculators for one dol-
lar per acre, without giving the people or sett-
lers who first took possession of the land a
chance to buy, although it was well known
to Senator Pomeroy and others that they were
willing to pay the government double the price
realized from the sale to the speculators.
SENATORS POMEROY ROSS, AND HON. SIDNEY
CLARKE.
The Kansas congressional delegation consists
of these three membersSenators Pomeroy,
and Ross, and Hon. Sidney Clarke. These hon-
orable gentlemen in the Cherokee land sale
were the active tools of the land speculators in
their schemes to swindle the settlers and the
nation. These sharks will realize millions


397
1 $tU0fttt!07
out of these congressional land jobs, en-
gineered by Pomeroy, Ross and Sidney Clarke.
Senator Pomeroy testified that these lands were
ww th four dollars per acre, and yet a few days
afterwards this honorable senaioi' voted in. secret
session to ratify the sale of these same lands in
1866, giving them to speculators for one dolldr
per acre.
SOME OP THE LAND SPECULATORS.
The Indian Bureau disposed of 1,500,000
acres of Indian trust lands at the average pnce
of $1.10 a $1.25 per acre, from January 1,
1867 to January 1, 1868. The whole of these
sales were a gigantic fraud upon the nation,
and none of them will stand the trial of a test
suit in the Supreme Court. Apart from the
circumstances attending each transaction, the
Indian lands are not the property of the Indians
in any sense which enables them to convey the
same or grant a title therefor. They possess
merely the right of occupancy, the title and re-
version remaining in the government of the
United States, subject to all the conditions im-
posed by law on the other public lands. Sena-
tor Pomeroy, of Kansas, bought at these illegal
sales 124,000 acres, and a Mend of his 143,000,
and" yet another friend 800,000 acres. Ii. L.
Smith, President of' the Missouri Railroad
Company, took 92.598 acres. The immense
quantities'bought by single individuals are evi-
dence of the evils of these transactions, and
the monopolies they create, hostile to the pul>
lie weal and a barrier to national progress.
THESE CONGRESSIONAL LAND JOBS ILLEGAL.
The settlers on these lands will do well not to
submit to the wrong inflicted on them by Con-
gress. The whole of these secret land sales are
illegal. The best legal opinions are unanimous
that the Supreme Court will so decide, and the
settlers will do well to make up a case and
bring it before thfit court without delay. The
frauds will not bear investigation.
ANOTHER LAND JOB OP THE THIEVES.
Another attempt to steal the property of the
nation is now before the Senate, under the name
of the Osage treaty.' This infamous treaty is a
proposition to give a Chicago speculator eight mil-
lions acres of land without paying theTfnited States
gonernmmt one dollar. This speculator simply
promises to pay the Indians, who are the as-
sumed owners of the land in question, iwenly-
cents per acre, at some time or other, during the
next fifteen years. If the Senate dares to ratify
this shameless swindle, the enterprising Chicago
genius and his senatorial and congressional ring
of thieves will net a clear profit of $24,000,000
over-and above all expenses, or three dollars
per acre, every dollar of which belongs to the
tax-ridden people, and ought to go into the Na-
tional Treasury instead of the pockets of these
land pirates and their confederates in the
Senate and House.
A ,wi RNING TO CONGRESS.
The people are becoming alive to the shame-
less corruption of their representatives at Wash-
ington. These land jobs are raising a storm, of
which honorable senators and representatives
little dream. The same power that annihilated
the-tyranny and corruption of southern slave-
holders yet lives in full vigor, ready and willing
to perform the same work of annihilation on all
those who dare to trifle with the rights of the
people. In what respect are Senators Pomeroy
and Ross, and the Hon. Sidney Clarke, better
than the worst slaveholding southerner who
lived by robbing the colored people of the pro-
ceeds of their labor ? These honorable gentle- I
men, by ratifying the Cherokee land sale, have
.robbed their constituents, white and colored
citizens, of millions of dollars. If the Senate
ratifies the Osage treaty, in what respect are
they better than the Southern slaveholders who
robbed the colored people of the fruits of their
bodily toil? If the Senate ratify the Osage
treaty they rob white and colored citizens of at
least $24,000,000 to enrich a ring of land
thieves. The same power that crushed the
southern slaveholding thieves will crush you,
honorable senators and representatives, if you
do not put a stop to this stealing of the peoples
property. Tax-ridden and impoverished, the
people are in no mood to be trifled with.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
KEEP, BAXTER AND OTHER CLIQUE LEADERS RETURN
FROM THEIR GREAT WESTERN CHAMPAGNE JAM-
BOREE.
WALL STREET AND THE PUBLIC TO BE STUCK WITH
CONFIDENTIAL POINTS ON NORTH WESTERN,
MICHIGAN SOUTHERN AND ROCK ISLAND.
THE NORTH WEST PREFERRED INJUNCTION SUITS, A
BIG THING FOR KEEP & LOCKWOODS.
THE DEAR PUBLIC TO BE AWAKENED TO THE
GREAT VALUE OF THE CLIQUE STOCKS.
CHAPLAIN HATCH STILL IN THE WEST EXHORT-
ING HIS FRIENDS AND PRATING FOR BETTER TIMES
IN WALL STREET.
ST. HUMPHREY DAVY CRAWFORD, CHICAGO CARVER,
BANKRUPTCY MAXWELL, AT LOGGERHEADS WITH
CONTINENTAL MURDOCK ABOUT LEAVING CONTI-
NENTAL MURDOCK OUT IN THE COLD ON THE
ROOK ISLAND SETTLEMENT.
THE CLIQUES DISTRESSED AT THE DEAR PUBLIC
RUSHING INTO GOVERNMENTS, STATE STOCKS AND
RAILWAY BONDS, AND LEAVING THEIR CHEAP
WATERED RAILWAY. STOCKS ALONE.
BEAU BRUMMELL BLOODGOOD AND THE PITTSBURG
DIVIDEND.THE.MONEY BORROWED TO PAY THE
DIVIDEND TO HELP THE CLIQUE TO GET OUT OF
THE STOCK.
MORE SUITS AGAINST ALPHABET HUGHES WITH THE
REGULAR BOARD.DR. LAMONT, LIKE MICAWBER,
ON HIS NATIVE HEATH, BX-Pi.TENT MEDICINE
DOCTOR AND DE FACTO WALL STREET BROKER
BLACK BALLED AT THE UNION LEAGUE CLUB THE
'OTHER EVENING.
THE BANKS AND MONEY LENDERS FRIGHTENED
ABOUT THE CLIQUE STOCKS.THE CLIQUES IN A
FIX AND WANTING TO UNLOAD BEFORE THE FALL.
DESPERATE EFFORTS TO UNLOAD ON THE DEAR
PUBLIC IN NORTH WEST, MICHIGAN SOUTHERN,
ROOK ISLAND, PITTSBURG & READING.
LORD CORNWALLIS CHANGES HIS BASE AND
THINKS READING DIRT CHEAP AT 100, AL-
THOUGH IT WAS AN AWFUL SELL A SHORT
TIME AGO AT 90.
THE DAILY SQUIB CHANGING ITS BASE FROM
BEAR TO BULL ON STOCKS.READING
THE CARD!!
THE GREAT MEN OF WALL STREET ALLOWED TO
CHANGE THEIR BASE FOR A PROPER CONSID-
ERATION.
HENRY CLEWS OUT IN A FLAMING CIRCULAR,
GOVERNMENTS VERSUS RAILLROAD STOCKS.
CLEWS DONT MEAN TO BE CAUGHT WITH A LOAD OF
STOCKS IN THE FALL, AND WARNS HIS CUSTOMERS
TO LET THEM ALONE.
WALL STREET IN A MUDDLE.WHAT WILL BECOME
OF THE CLIQUES ?
The talk in Wall street is about tbe cliques and clique
stocks and what is to he the end of it, that
GEN. BAXTER AND SELOVEB
are giving all their friends confidential points to buy
North West, Michigan Southern & Rock Island, and that
they show the tickets of the stocks they buy, but take
good care to say nothing about the tickets of the
STOCKS THEY SELL,
that they are unloading all they can and mean
TO GET OUT IF THEY CAN
before August. The talk is that
CHAPLAIN HATCH THE RUEFUL
has been left behind in tbe West to rope in as many as
he can there, and the cliques if they cant sell to the
public mean to borrow on as small margins as possible
and let the banks and money lenders carry them after
the fashion of the
CUMBERLAND COAL PARTY
when that valuable security was run up to 90 and lodged
as a
COLLATERAL AT 40 TO 60.
The talk is that the only safe way to escape loss is to
LET THE STOCK MARKET ALONE,.
that it matters not whether you buy long or sell short,
the cliques are sure to take your money, just as they did
with
GOODYEAR BROTHERS AND DURAND,
that nobody stands any chance in stocks. The talk is
that
GOVERNMENT BONDS
are the only safe thing to touch, that they are sure to go
a great deal higher, and that
STATE STOCKS AND RAILWAY BONDS
are advancing five and ten per cent, at a jump from tho
actual demand for investment. The talk is that the
BANKS ARE REFUSING STOCKS AS COLLATERALS.
The talk is that
HENRY CLEWS
has hit the nail on the head in his circular of Govern-
ments versus Railroad Stocks, that
CLEWS KNOWS
what he is about and sees which way the tide is flowing,
and that he dont mean to-be
SWAMPED WITH A LOAD OF STOCKS
when the crash comes and
NORTH WEST PREFERRED .
takes an eccentric movement
from 83 to 56,
as it did last year, and may do again this year. The talk
is that
CLEWS SAYS
1
his friend the cashier of a great National bank is a first
rate fellow, although he did keep a
CHEAP BOARDING HOUSE,
but he dont mean to let him squeeze any more
SEVEN PER CENT. IN GOLD INTEREST
out of him, and that with governments as collaterals,
he can be independent of his Mend the bank cashier
with liis 7 per cent, gold interest, and a-vail him
self of other channels for loans besides tbe
BANK OF COMMERCE.
The talk is that everybody ought to
READ CLEWS CIRCULAR,
and as The Revolution wants to let everybody have
everything that is good for them, we here give cheap for
ten cents a single copy, Revolution and all in-
cluded, the remarkable circular of that remarkable man,
Henry Clews, which will save thousands of dollars to
every one that has the brains and pluck to act on it, but
DONT SELL SHORT.
HENRY CLEFS CIRCULAR.
GOVERNMENTS V&SUS RAILROAD STOCKS.
Observers of the recent course of business in Wall
street cannot have failed to note, as among the causes di~
verting investors to Government Securities, the growing
indisposition to invest in railroad stocks at the current
quotations. Many have lately sold out stocks and bought
bonds; while the investment orders for the former have
for some time been unusually limited. This disfavor
toward stocks may be partially owing to the recent ex-


398
ft*
tcnsivo watering of tho capital of leading roads by
stock dividends, and to tbe constant recurrence of em-
barrassing law suits against Directors ; but it appears to
be more due to a growing impression that tbe condition
of our railroad companies has not been improved, during
tbe last five or six years, to an extent proportionate to
tbe rise in tljeir stocks within that period. With a view
to ascertaining what just ground there is for this idea,
wo have collated, from the official reports of tbe leading
companies, statistics showing tbe resources, liabilities,
earnings, expenses and mileage of tbe roads, in the fis-
cal years ending 1862 or 1863, and also in 1867 or 1868,
tbe details of which we give in an soeompanying state-
ment, while tbe results are shown in tbe following com-
parison :

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4>
It will be seen from this comparison that the gross
earnings of tbe roads have increased 99 per cent, within
the five years, and the expenses (inclusive of taxes,
rents, improvements, etc.) 160 per cent. ; while the net
earnings are only 30 per cent, higher. The average earn-
ings per mile of road owned and leased have declined 8
per cent. The bonded debts have been increased 5 per
cent., and the capital stock 69 per cent. In 1862-3, the
outstanding bonds of these roads aggregated $156,187,-
281; which, at an average rate of 7 per cent, would re-
quire $10,932,109 tor the payment of interest; taking
that amount from tbe $28,705,702 of net earnings, a ba-
lance oi $16,833,693, or 11% per cent, of the then out-
standing stock, remained for tbe purpose of dividends
and construction. In 1807-8, tbe bonded debt of tbe
same companies was $164,875,892 ; which, at the fore-
going rate, would require $11,506,276 for interest; leav'
ing, out of $37,219,770 of net earnings, $25,713,500 for
stock dividends and construction outlays ; which is
about 9% per cent, of the $265,828,149 of capital stock
then outstanding. It thus appears that in 1867-8, the net
earnings,' less the interest on bonds, were 2 per cent, less, in
proportion to the stock, than in 1862-3. This result we
find upon a selection of the best managed and most
prosperous roads of the country. Tbe public have
notod tbe large gain in tbe gross earnings of tbe
roads, without duly taking into account tbe increase
of working expenses, the extension of mileage and the
immense issues of new stock (which have been much fur-
tber augmented since the latter of the above dates); and
from this Imperfect view of tbe condition of the roads,
stooks arp ubw held at very much higher prices than in
1862-8- For the purpose of illustrating this change in
the prices of stock, without any corresponding improve-
ment in the finances of the roads, we present tbe follow,
ing comparative quotations of such of tbe stocks of the
above instanced companies as were current on tbe New
York Stock Exchange at both periods :
§

05
00
It thus appears that, while tbe percentage of earning
available for dividends was less in 1867 than in 1862-3
yet the prices of stocks average 100 per cent, higher now
than then. Nor does the fact of the earnings of the
roads having this year largely increased upon those of
1867 (on which year our comparison is based) materially
affect this conclusion ; for, within the last twelve
months, ten of the companies above instanced have in-
creased their stock inthe aggregate $40,000,000. Facts
thus bear out tbe instincts of investors, and warrant tbe
preference at present awarded to Government securities.
Henry Clews k Co.,
Bankers, and Dealers in U. S. Securities,
No. 32 Wall street.
THE MONEY MARKET
is easy at 8 to 4 per cent, on United States securities-
and 4 to 5 per cent, on railway shares and mixed colla-
terals. Prime business notes are wanted at 5 to 6 per
cent. Tbe weekly bank statement shows a remarkable
increase of $3,864,742 in legal tenders, while the loan8
are decreased $1,024,416, and the deposits are increased
$813,622.
- The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
June 13th
Loans, $275,152,054
Specie, 11,193,631
Circulation, 34,166,846
Deposits, 210,670,765
Legal-tenders, 69,262,840
June 20th Differences.
$274,117,608 Dec. $1,024,416
9,124,830 Dec. 2,068,801
34,119,120 Dec. 47,726
211,484,387 Inc. 813,622
72,567,582 Inc. 3,364,742
THE GOLD MARKET
was active throughout the week, selling as high as
141%, and as low as 140. The market is firm and the
stock.of gold on the market is light.
The fluctuations in tbe gold market for the week were
as follows ; i Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 13, 140 140 189% 140
Monday, 15, 140% 140% 140 140%
Tuesday, 16, 140% 140% 140 140%
Wednesday, 17, 140% 141% 140% 140%
Thursday, 18, 140% 140% 140 140%
Friday, 19, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Saturday, 20, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Monday, 22, 140% 140% 140% 140%
THE rOBEIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is quiet and steady. Commercial bills are scarce and
bankers are not anxious to sell below the specie ship-
ping point. Tbe quotations are bankers sixty days sterl
ing bills 110 to 110%, and sight 110% to 110%. Francs
on Paris long 6.13% to 6.12%; and short, 5.11% to 5.10.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
is dull but steady. Operations are confined entirely to
the cliques, and tbe ease in the money market enables
them to maintain an advance of prices at their pleasure
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 49% to ; Boston W. P., 15 to 18;
Cumb. Coal, 33 to 35 ; Wells, Fargo & Co., 26% to 7%;
American Express, 50% to %; Adams Express, 66%
to%; United States Express, 52 to%; Merchants
Union Express,27% to % j Quicksilver, 25 to % ;
Mariposa, 4% to 6 ; do. preferred, 9% to% ; Pacific
Mail, 108 to % ; Atlantic Mail, 31 to 34 ; W. U. Tel.,
35% to 36 ; New York Central, 134% to 84; Erie,
69% to 70; preferred, 75 to 76%; Hudson River, 189%
to 140; Reading, 102 to %; Tol. W. & W 47% to 48;
preferred, 68%to 69; Mil. &St. P 65% to 65%; preferred
68% to 69; Ohio & M. C.'29% to 99%; Mich. Cep.,
116% to 111; Micb. South, 91%to 91%; 111. Central,
156 to 158; Cleveland & Pittsburg, 91 to 91%;
Cleveland & Toledo, 108% to 104%; Rook Island, 105% to
106 ; North Western, 66% to 66% ; preferred, 77% to
77%; Fort Wayne, 111% to 111%; Bankrs & Bro.
107%to 106.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
have been quiet, but firm throughout the week. The in-
vestment demands continues steady, owing to the low
rates of interest. State bonds, Railway Mortgages, and
all investment securities are active and higher, and tbe
demand is in excess of the supply. Capitalists find diffi-
culty in obtaining sufficient amounts of railway bonds
to vary their investments, as they wouldlike to do with
tbe governments they hold. /The demand for'the Cen-
tral Pacific Railroad bonds at 103, and interest is so
largely in excess of the company's wants, that it is likely
the price will be advanced to 105 in th e course of a short
time. The Union Pacific is selling its bonds freely at
102 and interest. The bonds of both these Pacific roads
pay 6 per cent, interest in gold. Another first class rail-
way bond, the first mortgage bonds of the Rockford
Rock Island and St. Louis Railway Company, bave
just been placed upon the market at the low price of
95; they pay 7 per cent, interest in gold semi-annually, on
February let and August 1st, in New York or London,
at the option of the bolder, free of any goaemment tote.
The first coupon is payable on February 1st 1869, Each
bond is for $1,000 or for £200 sterling, and both principal
and interest are payable in coin. The bonds are also con-
vertible into stock at the option of the' holder. These
bonds are issued at the rate' of $25,000 per mile, and they
cover all the coal mines belonging to the company which
are among Hie most valuable in Illinois, as well as the
railroad property. These bonds are well secured and a
safe investment.
Fisk & Hatch, 6 Nassau street, report tbe following
quotations:
Reg. 1881,112% to-% ; Coupon, 111% to % ; Reg.
6-20,1862,109% to %; Coupon, 5-20,1862,113% to %;
Reg. frr20,1864, 109% to %; Coupon, 5-20,1864,111,
to %; Reg. 5-20,1865,109% to %; Coupon, 5-20,1865,
111% to %; Coupon, 6-20, 1865,new, 114 to %;
Coupon, 6-20, 1867,114% to %; Reg. 1(M0,106% to %;
Coupon, 19-40,106% to %; 7 3-10,110 to %.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $1^866,870 in gold against
$1,690,144 last week, $1,905,007, and $2,268,144 lor the
preceding weeks. The imports of merchandise for the
week were $4,466,888 in gold against $5,013,085 $4,259,-
340 and $6,625,567 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports, exoluelve of specie, were $2,359,561 in currency,
against $2,546,370 £2,692,824 and $3,657,521 for the
preceding weeks. The exports of specie were $1,890,-
632,67 against $2,967,321, $3,575,594 and '$4,211,753 for
tbe preceding weeks.
THE COUPONS
' or THE
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
or
THE UNION PACIFIC
RAILROAD COMPANY,
DUE JULY 1st, 1868,
Will be paid on and after that date,
In GOLD COIN, free of Government Tax,
At tbe Companys office. No. 20 NASSAU STREET, New
York.
Schedules with twenty or more coupons will now be
received for examination, and gold checks for the same
will be delivered June SOtb.
JOHN J, CISCO, Treasurer.


399
8fcje lUtftftutitftt.
The Revolution;
THE ORGAN OF THE
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL BIGHTS AND
, RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
I. In PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with the People 1
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas ;
Science not Superstition.
1
8. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, hot Vice; Cold Water,
i
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ly and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
I
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton and Com,_for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the World
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for' American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor, and' keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland.
Teems.'Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
($10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, j F
PARKER PILLSBURY, f
SUSAN B, ANTHONY, Proprietor.
87 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
BATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line.'.............10 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
87 Park Row, New York.
THE RE VOL TIT ION
may be had of the American News Company, New
York ; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Louis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.
B, J JOHNSTON, Publisher.
\TOUNG MEN WHO SEEK PERSONAL
JL improvement; Young Women who would do
something; and others, may have the $3 Phrenolog-
ical Journal six months, in clubs sf 10, on trial, at
$1 each. Address S. R. WELLS, 389 Broadway, New
York.
JJOW TO PURCHASE A HOUSE
FOR $15.80 PER MONTH 1
WITH
IMMEDIATE POSSESSION AND NO RENT TO PAY I 1
APPLY TO CO-OPERATIVE BUILDING BANK,
202 Broadway.
HOW TO BUY A LOT FOB $2.00 PER WEEK I
With Immediate Possession for Building or Gardening
. purpose. Apply at the Offices of the
CO-OPERATIVE BUILDING BANK, 202 BROADWAY.
HOW TO INVEST YOUR MONEY SAFELY
At 7 per cent, interest,
APPLY TO CO-OPERATIVE BUILDING BANK,
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Interest invariably reckoned from date of deposit to date
of withdrawal. Open from 10 a. m., to 4 p. m. Mon-
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Circulars giving full particulars, mailed free, on appli-
cation. J. ANDREW, Secretary.
19-41.___________________________________________
TTUSBANDS AND WIVES MAY
l~i learn something to their advantage by read-
ing the Pictorial Phrenological Journal, at $3 per
year, or in clubs of 10, on trial, half a year, at $1.
Address 8. R. WELLS, 889 Broadway, New York.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
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ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
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(( T>EAUTIFDIi WOMEN." NATIONAL
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J^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
gs* f\N triad ten copies oe a
v_7 first class $3 Magazine, the Phrenological
Journ l, sent to clubs of 10, half a year at $1 a copy.
A new volume48thbegins with the July No. The
Trenton Monitor says : A periodical, Which, more, per-
haps, than any other in the world, is calculated to do
good- to its readers. Address S. R. WELLS, No. 889
Broadway, New York.
gEXOLOGY
AS THE
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE,
IMPLYING
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT,
by
MRS. ELIZABETH O. G. WILLARD.
The most important work on the true nature and
position of Woman yet published, by the testimony of
many eminent critics.
1 Vol. large 12mo. Nearly 500 pages, bound in cloth.
Published and for sale by J. R. Walsh, of the Western
News Company, Chicago, HI., and sold at retail by the
trade generally. Pi Ice $2, or 2.25 when sent by mail.
6Iff tf.
rjIHE DORCAS SEWING MACHINE,
PRICE, INCLUDING TABLE, ONLY $30.
LATEST, SIMPLEST, CHEAPEST, AND BEST,
for the price, ever offered; combining the utmost sim-
plicity and reliability with the inside minimum cost.
The first good, simple, reliable Sewing Machine ever
offered at a low price.
Agents wanted everywhere, local and travelling.
Great inducements offered.
Address, THE DORCAS SEWING MACHINE CO.,
. No, 1 Centre st., New York.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE TRACTS
for sale at the office of THE REVOLUTION.
Enfranchisement of Women, by Mrs. John Stuart
Mill.
Suffrage for Women, by John Stuart Mill, M.P.
Freedom for Women, by Wendell Phillips.
Public Function of Woman, by Theodore Parker.
Woman and her Wishes, by Col. T. W. Higgihson.
Responsibilities of Women, by Mrs. C. I. H. Nichols.
Womans Duty to Vote, by Henry Ward Beecher.
Universal Suffrage, by Eltzabth Cady Stanton.
The Mortality of Rations, by Parker Pillsbury.
Impartial Suffrage, by an Illinois Lawyer.
Suffrage a Right, not a Privilege, by J. H. K. Wiloox.
Equal Rights for Women, by George William Curtis.
Should Women Vote? Affirmative Testimonials of
Sundry Persons,
Price per Single Copy 10 els.; per Hundred Copies $6;
per Thousand Copies $40.
Orders should be addressed to Susan B. Anthony,
Proprietor of THE REVOLUTION, 37 Park Row,
(Room 20), New York.
~j~^ECTUREB AND SPEECHES
OF
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1867. Price
25 cents.
SIX WEEKS IN THE WEST.
Protection to American Iudustry, versus British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 126 pages.
1866. Price 25 cents.
FENIANISM.
Speech on Irish Independence and English Neu-
trality, delivered before the Fenian Congress and
'Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18, 1865. Price 25 cents.
Speeches In England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents.
UNION SPEECHES.
Delivered in England during the American War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents.
TRAIN'S UNION SPEECHES.
Second Series. Delivered in England during the
American War. Price 25 cents.
SPEECH ON THE DOWNFALL OF ENGLAND.
And a Sermon on the Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17, 1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
.The Facts; or,,At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Lje?
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
150 pages. I860. Price 25 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mail, at
prices named.
For sale at the office of
THE REVOLUTION,
37 Park Row (Room 20',
New York.
LOTHING! CLOTHING! CLOTHING!
Our stock for the present season is of unparallelod
extent and variety in both MENS* AND BOYS CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and diupatcb, by the
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
QHEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekman St., top floor.


400
' %\tt iUMJtttifltt.
The Liberal Christian,
THE LIBERAL CHRISTIAN,
THE LIBERAL CHRISTIAN,
THE LIBERAL CHRISTIAN,
A LARGE EIGHT PAGE WEEKLY,
A LARGE EIGHT PAGE WEEKLY,
A LARGE EIGHT PAGE WEEKLY,
A LARGE EIGHT PAGE WEEKLY,
FULL OF THE BEST READING,
FULL OF THE BEST READING,
FULL OF THE BEST READING,
FULL OF THE BEST READING,
FULL OF THE BEST
ESSAYS AND CRITICISMS,
ESSAYS AND CRITICISMS,
ESSAYS AND CRITICISMS,
ESSAYS AND CRITICISMS,
RICH, SPICY, ABLE AND LIBERAL,
RICH,
RICH,
RICH,
RICH,
SPICY,
SPICY,
SPICY,
SPICY,
ABLE,
ABLE,
ABLE,
ABLE,
AND LIBERAL,
AND LIBERAL,
AND LIBERAL, -
AND LIBERAL,
TERMS, $3 PER YEAR,
$3 PER YEAR,
$3 PER YEAR,
$3 PER YEAR,
$3 PER YEAR,
SPECIMEN COPIES SENT FREE.
ADDRESS
J. N. HALLOCK,
Managee,
Box G,G95, New York City,
640 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Aro now finished and in operation. Sixty miles of track
have been laid this spring, and the work along the whole
lino between the Atlantic and Pacific States is being
pushed forward more rapidly than ever before. More
than twenty thousand men are employed, and it is not
impossible that the entire track, from Omaha to Sacra*
mento, will be finished in 18C9 instead of 1870. The
means provided are ample, and all that energy, men and
money can do to secure the completion of this
GREAT NATIONAL WORK,
at the earliest possible day, will be done.
The UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY receive :
I. A GOVERNMENT GRANT of the right of way, and
all necessary timber and other materials found along
the line of its operations.
II. -A GOVERNMENT GRANT of 12,800 acres of land to
the mile, taking in alternate sections on each side of
its road. This is an absolute donation, and-will be a
source of large revenue in the future.
in.A GOVERNMENT GRANT of United States Thirty-
year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to $48,000 per
mile; according to the difficulties to be surmounted on
the various sections to be built. The Government
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount
may be paid in services rendered by the Company in
transporting troops, mails, etc. The interest is now
much more than paid in this way, besides secfiring a
great saving in time and money to the Government.
IV. A GOVERNMENT GRANT of the right to issue its
own FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS, to aid in building
the road, to the same amount as the U. S. Bonds,
issued for the same purpose, and no more. The Gov-
ernment Permits the Trustees for the First Mortgage
Bondholders to deliver the Bonds to the Company only
as the road is completed, and after it has been ex-
amined by United States Commissioners and pro<
nounced to be in all respects a first-class Railroad, laid
with a heavy T rail, and completely sQpplied with
depots, stations,. turnouts, car shops, locomotives,
v cars, etc.
V. A CAPITAL STOCK SUBSCRIPTION from the stock-
holders, of which over Eight Million Dollars have been
paid in upon the work already done, and which will be
increased as the wants or the Company require,
VLNET CASH EARNINGS on its Way Business, that
already amount to More than this interest on the
First Mortgage Bonds. These earnings are no indica-
tion of the vast through traffic that must follow the
opening of the line to the Pacific, but they Certainly
prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
. upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
ARE SECURE BEYOND ANY CONTINGENCY.
The Union Pacific Bonds ran thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Company's Office in the city of New York, at
the rate of six per cent in gold. The principle is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
The Company believe that these Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve the right to advance the price at anytime. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York.
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
and bx
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be mad in' dratts or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
lished by the Company, giving fuller information than
is possible in an advertisement, respecting the Progress
of Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
-JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
May 25, 1868.. New York.
This Advertisement
and NINETEEN DOLLARS will buy TWENTY DOL
LARS worth of SILVER PLATED WARE of
J L HAELEM,
Manufacturer of
FINE SIL VEK-PLATED WARE,
Including
ICE PITCHERS,
TEA SETS, COFFEE URNS,
FRUIT AND BERRY DISHES, SALVERS,
TABLE AND BREAKFAST CASTORS,
. CAKE BASKETS, BUTTER DISHES,
CUPS, GOBLETS, PICKLE STANDS, FLOWER VASES,
KNIVES, FORKS, SPOONS,
&c., &c.
Full weight of silver guaranteed.
Hotels and restaurants furnished on liberal terms.
Orders by mail promptly executed.
74 Maiden Lano, near William street.
ESTABLISHED IN 1857.
Q.REAT NATIONAL PAINTING.
THE NEW REPUBLIC,
OB,
EMANCIPATION..
A splendid Allegorical picture by tbe celebrated artist,
Ferdinand Pauwls, Professor of the Academy at Weimar
On exhibition at the ART GALLERY, 845 Broadway,
N. Y., from 9 A. M. to 10 P. M. 21-24
pARMS FOR SALE,
; IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AS GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N; Y.
19-6m.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUXREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
W PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by 28.
Hour of Prayer, "
VJew on Hudson near West Point, u -
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp. '
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln ,
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
pRlNTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERT DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,'
18-3 y New York.
mRY IT." A $3 MAGAZINE IN CLUBS
I of 10, sent half a year, on trials* for $10, or
only $1 each I The Pictorial Phrenological Journal
New VoL48th-begins with July No. Address S. R.
WELLS, 389Broadway, New York.


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