Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA TORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS,

. VOL. INO. 26.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JULY 2, 1868. single^coty^ents.
Ilf ifnjlutiflir.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,!...^
PARKER PILLSBVRY, J -Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK *ROW (ROOM 20.)
DEACONESSES IN PLYMOUIH CHURCH.
Alarmed with the abrupt farewell in the
Independent, last week, we hastened to the hearth-
stone ot its editor, to feel his political pulse ; to
ascertain in what longitude and latitude he was
steering, and to learn whether we were, indeed,
as he says, growing conservative. The result
of a long conversation reinstated us in the
opinion, that The Revolution, is, by no
means, less radical than the Independent, and
that there is no special ground for immediate
hostilities.
Politics disposed of, Mr. Tilton proposed a
game of chess, to decide the superiorityof sex.
With the fate of all Eves daughters resting on
our shoulders, we commenced the game with
fear and trembling, but as we proceeded, we be-
came somewhat more assured, though vacillat"
ing between hope and fear, until, at the ghastly
hour of night, the game was closed ; when lo 1
with noiseless steps, a long line of sceptered
kings and queens, of gilded knights; and mitered
bishops, moved slowly round about and
crowned the victor with a royal diadem. (Who?)
The next, morning, in company with Theodore
Tilton and his charming wife, we joined
Plymouth, Church in an excursion on the
Magenta, to West Point. As the boat was
densely crowded with men, women and chil-
dren, and the unhappy Magenta had but
one wheel in working order, we had a very
leisurely sail of six hours up the Hudson. How-
ever, as the day was fine, the .company varied,
and,the scenery as bold and beautiful as ever,
the hours passed pleasantly away.
Being introduced to a succession of the
Deacons of Plymouth Church, we began to
summon up our old memories of the longer and
shorter Westminster Catechism, of' Zimmer-
man on Solitude, and Bickersteath on Prayer,
of the arguments on free ordination, total de-
pravity, original sin, and eternal damnation*, but
we soon found that all this ecclesiastical pre-
paration was quite superfluous, for the good
deacons, like their gifted and genial pastor, were
accustomed to wander outside these theological
deserts into the sunshine of social life, art,
science, literature, politics, and Womans Rights.
In pursuance of this last deeply interesting
and inexhaustible topic, these good deacons
went so far as to propose, that at the next
church election, some deaconesses should be
duly installed in Plymouth church. When Mr.
Beecher came on board from his country-seat in
P eekskill, in ^company with his daughter and
Mrs. Moses Beach, of the Sun, this proposition
was made to him, and we are happy to inform
our readers that it received his most hearty ap-
proval, whereupon several ladies of that church
declared themselves ready to accept the office.
So it is quite probable that by the time the world
ceases lo wonder at the" women of Paraguay in
battle array, history, by way of a new sensation,
will chronicle some feminine pillars in Plymouth
church.
As Mr. Beecher has maintained the most rad-
ical position on this question of any man in
the nation of late years, it is fitting that this
grand step in the right'direction should,be first
taken in the church under his jurisdiction. Mr.
Beecher was looking remarkably well, and as
he now says, that he thinks women will vote
in his day, we could contemplate his ruddy
complexion, vigorous frame, and. promise of
many years on the earth, with none of that grief
that we have felt on former occasions, at his
probable longevity, when he used to say that
the good time was coming for the enfranchise-
ment of woman, but he did not expect to see it
in his day. As we listened to Mr. Beechers
opinions on the problem of reconstruction, we
could but regret that he remains a silent spec-
tator of our political struggles in an hour when
the nation has need of the ou spoken wisdom
of its most thoughtful men. But this is one of
the penalties the people pay for crucifying their
best thinkers whenever they differ from the pop-
ular will.
We found West Point as beautiful as ever,
and as we approached its shores, pleasant mem-
ories of the long past crowded upon us. There,
in our girlish days, with brave generals, and gay
cadets, we danced- until the midnight hours.
There we sailed by moonlight, singing, with our
light guitar, of love and freedom,climbed the
rocks to see the glories of the rising and the
setting sun, and watch the steamboats on their
winding way. The majestic Hudson, the rocks,
the hills, the grim cannon frowning as of old
on the bold Britons who dared invade our soil,
are all there still; but where are they who trod
with us those paths,into whose loving eyes
we gazed with rapture,into whose ears we
poured our youthful joyswhose voices echoed
oer the hills in chorus with our ownsilent
and still they sleep Some on the far-off out-
posts near the sea, and some on our Southern
plains where they died for liberty.
Seated in a beautiful lookout, Mr. Tilton read
to us some choice passages from one of the
British poets, for while most of the company
had been lading themselves with provisions for
the mortal man, he had put into' his pocket a
small volume with which to feed our hungry
souls, and we found his contribution a most
excellent condiment for the sandwiches, rolls,
and cakes.
The return voyage stretching fax into the
morning hours, might have been wearisome to
those ofus on tne shady side of fifty, but for
the persistent merriment and wit of Mr. Tilton
and the worthy deacons, and the discordant
notes of juveniles in broken slumbers on hard
benches might have vexed our ears, but for the
spirited singing of the choir, and the marshal
music of our band echoing on the hill-tops as we
sailed along. We must not forget to say, that
this entertainment was given by the Plymouth
Young Peoples Association, of which Horatio
King, Esq., is President. We will tell our read-
ers more of this admirable association at some
future time.
GNATS AND CAMELS.
Woman surely should not aspire to the law
making, or law executing power. Her wisdom
could never invent disentanglements like the
following: -
It was necessary, a short time since, to prove in Michi-
gan that a man had murdered a little son by his first
wife, and this could only be done by the testimony of his
second wile. According to Michigan law the testimony'
of his wife. could not be received. The difficulty was
surmounted by proving that when she married him she had
another husband living. Though thus guilty of bigamyl
she was not her husbands wife, her evidence was re-
ceived, and in consequence the man was convicted.
Or how could any woman solve such a diffi-
culty as this? It is in the Chicago Liberal:
Swear an Atheist? -Upon what will you swear him ?
asks a writer. <
N To which I reply, although I am not an Atheist; swear
a Christian! Upon what will you swear him t Not by
heaven, for it is God's throne; nor by the earth for it is
his footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the
great king ; nor by the head, for you cannot make one
hair white or black, see Matt ch. v. : 33. 34, 35. tJprm
what then, will you swear him? Why upon a hook,
which says, swear not at all! /
Woman should-not meddle with things above
her. It takes men, male citizen?, to work algebra
like this.
Gen. Grants Economy.Congress proposed
to reduce army expenses by reducing the
army. Gen. Grant said, leave that to me under
the present law. His jdan is to discharge the
poorly paid privates, but keep the number of
regiments, with their well salaried officers, un-
changed If fighting is to be done, the soldiers
can be returned by enlistment or draft, but for
political purposes, only the officers are neces-
sary. The New York Times, tells us Congress
concurred with the General, and took no farther
action.
Shelly somewhere says:
War is a game, which, were their subjects wise,
Kings could not play at."
Such a policy as this is part of the game, if the
people were but wise enough to see it.
The trustees of the Eclectic Medical Col-
lege, of New York city, have resolved to estab-
lish a class for female students at their next
term, with professors of their own sex. Several
ladies have received diplomas from this institu-
tion, and are now engaged in successful and lu-
crative practice.


402

THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECBAFT1790.
CBAPSEB II.
THE PREVAILING OPINION OF A SEXUAL CHARAC-
TER DISCUSSED.
(Continued from last week.)
Women ought to ende&yor to purify their hearts; but
can they do so when their uncultivated understandings
make them entirely dependent on their senses for em-
ployment and amusement, when no noble pursuit sets
them above the little vanities of the day, or enables them
to curb the wild emotions that agitate a reed over which
every passing breeze has power ? To gain the affections
of a virtuous man, is affectation necessary ?
Nature has given woman a weaker frame than man ;
but, to ensure her husbands affections, must a wife,
who, by the exercise of her mind and body, while she
was discharging the duties of a daughter, wife, and
mother, has allowed her constitution to retain its natural
strength, and her nerves a healthy tone, is she, I say, to
condescend to use art, and feign a sickly delicacy, in
order to secure her husbands affections? Weakness
may excite tenderness, and gratify the arrogant pride of
man ; but the lordly caresses of a protector will not
gratify a noble mind that pants for and deserves to be
respected. Fondness is a poor substitute for friend-
ship I
In a seraglio, I grant that all these arts are necessary ;
the epicure must have his palate tickled, or he will sink
into apathy : but have women so little ambition as to be
satisfied with sue!} a condition? Can they supinely
dream life away in the lap of pleasure, or in the languor
of weariness, rather than assert their claim to pursue
reasonable pleasures, and render themselves conspicuous
by practising the virtues which dignify mankind. Surely
she has not an immortal soul who can loiter life away
merely employed to adorn her person, that she may
amuse the languid hours, and soften ewes of a fellow-
creature who is willing to be enlivened by her smiles and
tricks, when the serious business of life is over.
Besides, the woman who strengthens her body and ex.
Zeroises her mind will, by managing her family and prac-
tising various virtues, become the friend, and not the
humble dependent of her husband, and jf she deserves
his regard by possessing such substantial qualities, she
will not find it necessary to conceal her affection, nor to
pretend to an unnatural coldness of constitution to ex B
cite her husbands passions. In fact, if we revert to
history, we shall find that the women who have distin-
guished themselves have neither been the most beauti-
ful nor the most gentle of their sex.
Nature, or to speak with strict propriety, God, has made
all things right; but man has sought him out many in-
ventions to mar the work. I now allude to that part of
Dr. Gregory's treatise, where he advises a wife never to
let her husband know the extent of her sensibility or af-
fection. Voluptuous precaution ; and as ineffectual as
absurd! Love, from its very nature, must be transitory.
To seek for a secret that would render it constant, would
be as wild a search as for the philosophers stone, or the
grand panacea: and the discovery would be equally
useless, or rather pernicious to mankind. The most
holy band of society is friendship. It has been well
said, by a shrewd satirist, that rare as true love is,
true friendship is still rarer.
This is an obvious truth, and the cause not lying deep,
will not olude a slight glance of inquiry.
Love, the common passion, in which chance and sen-
sation take place of choice and reason, is in some de-
gree, felt by the mass of mankind ; for it is not neces-
sary to speak, at present, of the emotions that rise above
or sink below.love. This passion, naturally increased by
suspense and difficulties, draws the mind out of its ac-
customed state, and exalts the affections ; but the secu-
rity of marriage, allowing the fever of love to subside, a
healthy temperature is thought insipid, only by those
who have not sufficient intellect to substitute the calm
tenderness of friendship, the confidence of respect, in-
stead of blind admiration, and the sensual emotions of
fondness.
This is, must be, the course of naturefriendship or
indifference inevitably succeeds love. And this consti-
tution seems perfectly to harmonize with the system of
government which prevails in the moral world. Pas-
sions are spurs to action, and open the mind ; but they
sink into mere appetites, become a personal momentary
gratification; when the object is gained, and the' satisfied
mind rests in enjoyment. The man who had some vir-
tue whilst he was struggling for a crown, often becomes
A Ybluptuoue tyrant when it graces his brow; and, when
tbe lover is not lost in the husband, the dotard a prey to
childish caprices and fond jealousies, neglects the se-
rious duties of life ; and the caresses which should excite
confidence in bis children are lavished on the overgrown
child, his wife.
In order to fulfil the duties of life, and to be able to
pursue with vigor the various employments which form
tbe moral character, a master and mistress of a family
ought not to continue to love each other with passion.
I mean to say, that they ought not to indulge those emo,
tions which disturb the order of society, and engross the
thoughts that should be otherwise employed. The mind
that has never been engrossed by one object wants vigor
if it can long be so, it is weak.
A mistaken education, a narrow, uncultivated mind,
and many sexual prejudices, tend to make women more
constant than men ; but, for the present, I shall not
tonch on this branch of the subject. I will go still fur-
ther and advance, without dreaming of a paradox, that an
unhappy marriage is often very advantageous to a family,
and that the neglected wife is, in general, the best
mother. And this would almost always be the conse-
quence, if the female mind was more enlarged; for, it
seems to be the common dispensation of Providence,
that what we gain in present enjoyment should be de-
ducted from the treasure of life, experience ; and that
when we are gathering the flowers of the day and revel-
ling in pleasure, the solid fruit of toil and wisdom should
not be caught at the same time. The way lies before us,
we must turn to the right or left; and be who will pass
life away in bounding from one pleasure to another,
must not complain if he neither acquires wisdom or
respectability of character.
Supposing ior a moment, that the soul is not immor-
tal, and that man was only created for the present scene ;
I think we should have reason to complain that love, in-
fantine fondness, ever grew insipid and palled upon the
sense. Let us eat, drink, and love, for to-morrow we
die, would be in fact the language of reason, the morality
of life ; and who but a fool would part with a reality for
a fleeting shadow ? But, if awed by observing the im-
provable powers of the mind, we disdain to confine our
wishes or thoughts to such a comparatively mean field
of action; that only appears grand and important as it is
connected with a boundless prospect and sublime
hopes; what necessity is there for falsehood in conduct,
and why must the sacred majesty of truth be violated to
detain a deceitful good that saps the very foundation of
virtue ?. Why must the female mind be tainted by co-
quetish arts to gratify the sensualist, and prevent love
from subsiding into friendship or compassionate tender-
ness, when there are not qualities on which friendship
can he built ? Let the honest heart show itself, and
reason teach passion to submit to necessity.; or, let the
dignified pursuit of virtue and knowledge raise the
mind above these emotions which rather Imbitter than
sweeten the cup of life, when they are not restrained
within due bounds.
I do not mean to allude to the romantic passion, whioh
is the concomitant of genius. Who can'clip its wings?
But that grand passion not proportioned to the puny en-
joyments of life, is only true to the sentiment, and feeds
on itself. The passions which have been celebrated for
their durability have always been unfortunate. They
have acquired strength by absence and constitutional
melancholy. The fancy has hovered round a form of
beauty dimly seenbut familiarity might have turned
admiration into disgust; or, at least, into indifference,
and allowed the imagination leisure to start fresh game.
With perfect propriety, according to this view of things,
does Rousseau make the mistress of his soul, Eloisa, love
St. Preux, when life was fading before her ; but this is
no proof of the immortality of the passion.
Of the same complexion is Dr. Gregory's advice re-
specting delicacy of sentiment, which he advises a woman
not to acquire, if she is determined to marry. This de-
termination, however, perfectly consistent with his
former advice, he calls indelicate, and earnestly persuades
his daughters to conceal it, though it may govern their
conduct: as if it were indelicate to have the common
appetites of human nature.
Noble morality! and consistent with the cautious pru-
dence of a little soul that cannot extend its views be-
yond the present minute division of existence. If all
the faculties of womans mind are only to be cultivated
as they respect her dependence on man; if, when she
obtains a husband she has arrived at her goal, and meanly
proud, is satisfied with such a paltry crown, let her
grovel contentedly, scarcely raised by her employments
above the animal kingdom ; but, if she is struggling for
the prize of her high calling, let her cultivate her under-
standing without stopping to consider what *character
the husband may have whom she is destined to marry.
IM her only determine, without being too anxious about
present happiness, to acquire the qualities that ennoble
a rational being, and a rough, inelegant husband may
shock her taste without destroying her peace of mind.
She will not model her soul to suit the frailties of her
companion, but to bear with them : his character may
be a trial, but not an impediment to virtue.
If Dr. Gregory confined his remark to romantic expec-
tations of constant love and congenial feelingB, he should
have recollected that experience will banish what advice
can never make us cease to wish for, when the imagina-
tion is kept alive at the expense of reason.
I own it frequently happens,that women who have fos-
tered a romantic unnatural delicacy of leeling, waste
their lives in imagining how happy they should have
been with a husband who could love them with a fervid
increasing affection every day, and all day. But they
might as well pine married as single, and would not be
a jot more unhappy with a bad husband tban longing for
a good one. That a proper education, or, to speak with
more precision, a well stored mind, would enable a wo-
man to support a single life with dignity, I grant; but
that she should avoid oultivating lier taste, lest her hus-
band should occasionally shock it, is quitting a substance
for a shadow. To say the truth, 1 do not know of what
use is an improved taste, if the individual is not ren-
dered more independent of the casualities of life; if new
sources of enjoyment, only dependent on the solitary
operations of the mind, are not opened. People of taste,
married or single, without distinction, will ever be dis-
gusted by various things that touch not less observing
minds. On this conclusion the argument must not be
allowed to hinge; but in the whole sum of enjoyment is
taste to be denominated a blessing ?
The question is, whether it procures most pain or
pleasure ? The answer will decide the propriety of Dr.
Gregorys advice, and show how absurd and tyrannic it
is thus to lay down a system of slavery; or to attempt to
educate moral beings by any other rules than those de-
duced from pure reason, which apply to the whole
species.
' Gentleness of manners, forbearance, and long suffer-
ing, are such amiable, godlike qualities, that in sublime
poetic strains the Deity has been invested with them ;
and, perhaps, no representation .of his goodness so
strongly fastens oq the human affections as those that
represent him abundant in mercy and willing to pardon*
Gentleness, considered in this point of view, bears on
its front all tbe characteristics cf grandeur, combined
with tbe winning graces of condescension ; but what a
different aspect it assumes when it is the submissive de-
meanor of dependence, the support of weakness that
loves, because it wants protection; and is forbearing,
because it must silently endure injuries; smiling under
the lash at which it dare not snarl I Abject as tbis picture
appears, it is the portrait of an accomplished woman, ac.
cording to the received opinion of female excellence, sep-
arated by specious reasoners from human excellence*
Or, they* kindly restore the rib, and make one moral
being of a man and woman ; not forgetting to give her
all the submissive charms.
How women are to exist in that state where there is to
be neither marrying nor giving in marriage, we arc not
told. For though moralists have agreed, that the tenor
of life seems to prove that man is prepared by various
circumstances for a future state, they constantly concur
in advising woman only to provide for the present.
Gentleness, docility, and spaniel-like affection are, on
this ground, consistently recommended as the cardinal
virtues of the sex; and, disregarding the arbitrary
economy of nature, one writer has declared that it is
masculine for a' woman to be melancholy. She was
created to be the toy of man, his rattle j and it must
jingle in his ears, whenever dismissing reason, he
chooses to be amused.
To recommend gentleness, indeed, on a broad basis is
strictly philosophical. A trail being should labor to be
gentle. But when forbearance confounds right and
wrong, it ceases to be a virtue ; and, however convenient
it may be found in a companion, that companion will
ever be considered as an inferior, and only inspire a
vapid tenderness, which easily degenerates into con-
tempt. Still, if advice could really make a being gentle,
whose natural disposition admitted not of such a fine
polish, something toward the advancement of erde
would be attained j but if, as might quickly be demon _
strated only affectation be produced by this indlscrimi.
nate counsel, which throws a stumbling block in the way
of gradual improvement, and true melioration of tem-
per, the sex is not much benefitted by sacrificing solid
virtues to the attainment of superficial graces, though
for a few years they may procure the individuals rega
sway.
As a philosopher, I read with indignation the plausible
* Yide Rousseau and Swedenborg.


pitbets which men use to soften their insults 5 and, as
a moralist, I ask what is moant by such heterogeneous
associations, as fair defects, amiable weaknesses, etc.?
If there is but one criterion of morals, but one archetype
for man, women appear to be suspended by destiny, ac-
cording to the vulgar tale of' Mahomets coffin; they
have neither the unerring instinct of brutes, nor are al-
- lowed to fix the eye of reason on a perfect m.odel. They
were made to be loved, and must not aim at respect, lest
they should be hunted out of society as masculine.
But to view the subject from another point. Do
passive, indolent women make the best wives ? Confin-
ing our discussion to the present moment of existence,
let us see how such weak creatures perform their part?
Do the women who, by the attainment of a few superfi-
cial accomplishments, have strengthened the prevailing
prejudice, merely contribute to the happiness of their
husbands? Do they display their charms merely to
amuse them ? And have women, who have early im-
bibed notions of passive obedience, sufficient character
to manage a family or educate children ? Sofar tom it,
that, after surveying the history of woman, I cannot
help agreeing with the severest satirist, considering the
sex as the weakest as well as the most oppressed half of
the species. "What does history disclose but marks of
inferiority, and how few women have emancipated them-
selves from the galling yoke of sovereign man ? So few,
that the exceptions remind me of an ingenious conjec-
ture respecting Newton : that he was probably a being of
a superior order, accidentally caged in a human body.
In tbe same style I have been led to imagine that the few
extraordinary women who have rushed in eccentrical di-
rections out of the.orbit prescribed to their sex, were
male spirits, confined by mistake in a female frame. But
if it be not philosophical to think of sex when the soul is
mentioned, the inferiority must depend on the organs j
or the heavenly fire, which is to ferment the day, is not
given in equal portions.
But avoiding, as I have hitherto done, any direct com-
parison of the two sexes collectively, or frankly acknow-
ledging the inferiority of woman, according to the pre-
sent appearance of things, I shall only insist, that men
have increased that inferiority till women are almost
sunk below the standard of rational creatures. Let
their faculties have room to unfold, and their virtues to
gain strength, and then determine where the whole sex
must 'stand in the intellectual scale. Yet, let it be re-
membered, that for a small number of distinguished
women I do not ask a place.
It is difficult for us purblind mortals to say to what
height human discoveries and improvements may arrive,
when the gloom of despotism subsides, which makes us
stumble at every step ; hut when morality shall be set-
tled on a more solid basis, then, without being gifted with
a prophetic spirit, I will venture to predict, that woman
will be either the friend or slave of man. We shall not, at
present, doubt whether she is a moral agent, or the link
which unites man with brutes. But, should it then ap-
peal', that like the brutes they were principally created for
the use of man, he will let them patiently bite the bridle,
and not mock them with empty praise ; or should their
rationality be proved, be will not impede their improve-
ment merely to gratity his sensual appetites. He will'
not, with all the graces of rhetoric, advise them to sub-
mit implicitly their understandings to the guidance of
man. He will not, when he treats of the education of
women, assert, that they ought never, to nave the free
use of reason, nor would he recommend cunning and
dissimmulation to beings who are acquiring, in like
manner as himself, the virtues of humanity.
Surely there can be but one rule of right, if morality
has an eternal foundation ; and whoever sacrifices vir-
. tue, strictly so called, to present convenience, or whose
duly it is to act in such a manner, lives only for the pass-
ing day, and cannot be an accountable creature.
The poet then should have dropped his sneer when he
says,
if weak women go astray,
The stars are more in fault than they. '
For that they are bound by the adamantine chain of des-
tiny is most certaiu, if it he proved that they are never
to exercise their own reason, neyer to be independent,
never to rise above opinion, or to feel the dignity of a
rational will that only bows to God, and often forgets
that the universe contains any being but itself, and the
model of perfection to which its ardent gaze is turned,
to adore attributes that, softened into virtues, may be
imitated in kind, though the degree overwhelms the en-
raptured mind.
If, I say, for I would not impress by declamation when
reason offers her sober light, if they are really capable of
acting like rational creatures, let them not be treated
like slaves-, or, like the brutes who are dependent on
\

the reason of man, when they associate with him; but
cultivate their minds, give them the salutary, sublime
curb of principle, and let them attain conscious dignity
by feeling themselves only dependent on God. Teach
them, in common with man, to submit to necessity, in-
stead of giving, to render them more pleasing, a sex to
morals.
Further, should experience prove that they cannot at
tain the same degree of mind, perseverance and forti-
tude, let their virtues he the same iu kind, though they
may vainly struggle for the same degree ; and the snp-
rjority of man will he equally clear, if not clearer ; and
truth, as it is a simple principle, which admits of no
modification, would be common to both. Nay, the order
of society, as it is at present regulated, would not be in-
verted, tor woman would then only haye the rank that
reason assigned her, and arts could not be practiced to
bring the balance even, much less to turn it.
These may he termed Utopian dreams. Thanks to
that being who impressed them on my soul, and gave
me sufficient strength of mind to dare to exert my own
reason, till becoming dependent only on Him for the
support of my virtues, I view with indignation the mis-
taken notions that enslave my sex.
I love man as my fellow; but his sceptre, real or
usurped, extends not to me, unless the reason of an in-
dividual demands my homage ; and even then the sub-
mission is to reason, and not to man. In fact, the con-
duct of an accountable being must be regulated by the
operations of its own reason; or on what foundation
rests the throne of God ?
It appears to me necessary to dwell on these obvious
truths, because females have been insulted, as it were ;
and while they have been stripped of the virtues that
should clothe humanity, they have been decked with ar-
tificial graces that enable them to exercise a short-lived
tyranny. Love, in their bosoms, taking place of every
nobler passion, their sole ambition is to he fair, to raise
emotion instead of inspiring respect; and this ignoble
desire, like the servility in absolute monarchies, destroys
all strength of character. Liberty is the mother of vir-
tue, and if women are, by their very constitution, slaves,
and not allowed to breathe the sharp invigorating air of
freedom, they must ever languish like exotics, and be
reckoned beautifulflaws in nature; let it also be remem-
bered, that they are the only flaw.
As to the argument respecting the subjection in which
the sex has ever been held, it retorts on man. The many
have always been enthralled by the few; and, monsters
who have scarcely shown any discernment of human
excellence, have tyrannized over thousands of their
fellow-creatures. Why have men of superior endow-
ments submitted to such, degradation? For, is it not
universally acknowledged that kings, viewed collectively*
have ever been inferior, in abilities and virtue, to the
same number of men taken from the common mass of
mankindyet, have they not, and are they not still
treated with a degree of reverence, that is an insult to
reason ? China is not the only country where a living
man has been made a God. Men have submitted to su-
perior strength, to enjoy with impunity the pleasure of
the momentwomen have only done the same, and there-
fore till it is proved that the courtier, who servilely re-
signs the birthright of a man, is not a moral agent, it
cannot be demonstrated that woman is essentially inferior
to man, because she has always been subjugated.
Brutal force bas hitherto governed the world, and that
the science of politics is in its infancy, is evident from
philosophers scrupling to give the knowledge most use-
ful to man that determinate distinction. "
I shall not pursue this argument any further than to
establish an obvious inference, that as sound politics dif-
fuse liberty, mankind, including woman, will become
more wise and virtuous.
4
(To be Continued.) '
WRAT TEE PRESS SATS OF US.
From the Valparaiso (had.) Republican.
The Revolution.The paper bearing this name is
on our table. We wish to thank Elizabeth Stanton, or
Parker Pillsbury, or Susan B. Anthony, or whichever of
the ladies it was, that honored us by putting us down on
their lists. We hope to be the means of obtaining them
a number of subscribers in this county, for although
their views do not coincide with our own, we are in favor
of letting women just talk as much as they please, feel-
ing assured that so long as their tongnes are unfettered,
they will be kept out of far greater mischief.
Elizabeth dont like Grant, and we dont feel exactly
tender towards Lizzie for that very reason; at the same
time, we are willing to hear what she has to say, and to
- 403
f airly represent her paper, which is really excellent iu
most respocts. We advise all our lady friends who fed
that their mission on earth cannot be accomplished in
their present helpless and dependent condition, to send
for a copy of The Revolution, and read all the fine
things that Elizabeth and Susan and P. P. promise them
in that good time coming when women can vote, and
the hateful men you know, are compelled to do their
share of trotting the babies.
There could be no more philosophical reflec-
tion than this on the beneficial results of
free speech ; and if the wise men of Indiana
will only decide to accord us the same freedom
to go wherever we please, our work will be
done. All we ask is the same privilege man
claims for himselfto examine the universe and
bound our own sphere.
We do not dislike Grant, only we think he is
better fitted to be at the head of the military
than the civil branch of the government.
As to trotting the babies/* so long as the
mass of men smoke, and chew, and drink, no
sensible mother would risk her baby in such an
atmosphere. We have kept our babies out of
sight many a time for fear a tobacco-chewing
friend would kiss them, or breathe on them.
We can vote and take care of our babies, too ;
but when that good day comes, and woman is
independent and self-supporting, as she will be
when with the ballot she opens to herself the
colleges, the trades and the professions. She
will then choose the father of her children, and
sunder all the unholy ties that now degrade and
desecrate the family relation. We look for a
higher type of the race when woman is edu-
cated, elevated and enfranchised, the peer a:.d
not the dependent of man.
From the Pomeroy (Ohio) Banner.
The Revolution.We are 1q receipt of The
Revolution, a neat, spicy, weekly journal, conducted
by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, devoted to female suffrage
and human rights. We welcome The Revolution
to our exchange table. However widely we may differ
with them in some respects, there is one point, at
least, on which wo can agree, and that is, a bond-hold-
ing aristocracy is no better than a slave-holding one.
Slavery is value received from the masses by the few.
It matters not whether it is extorted by the lash, or by
the law.
We have abolished in this country a slavery
of brute force ; but there are other forms of sla-
very, the result of cunning legislation, to which
we must now arouse the attention of the m asses.
We are taught that the inequalities in our social
life are in harmony with the will of God; 'that
he makes men rich and poor, to cultivate the
feelings of charity on one side and gratitude
on the other; when the fact is, that all this
poverty, and misery, and crime, luxury, excess
and debauchery, are in direct violation of all
laws, both moral and physical. When we bring
ourselves into liue with God, health, happiness
and harmony will cover the earth. It is sur-
prising how supinely people endure evils that
could be so easily remedied by resistance and
determination. The trouble is, most people
believe that human affairs revolve like the solar
system, and cannot be changed, whereas the will
of man is mightier than the elements. It can
mould circufustances, all material things, anni-
hilate time and space, bind continents together,
and welt the nations of the earth in one.
From the Pomeroy (Ohio) Banner.
Mr. Editor : I have just received a copy of The
Revolution, published by Mis. E. Cady Stanton.
The Revolution should he read by every true
American mother and daughter. It is one of the most
soul-stirring, edifying and heart-inspiring papers pub-
lished on tins Continent. The tariff and money ques-
tions, its accomplished editress handlos without gloves.
The right of females.to suffrage is one of its cardinal
doctrines, whic*1 re. Stanton sots forth in ft light thftt


404
fWvalntiatt.
cannot be surpassed. We freely endorse every word
which she utters, and hope she will yet bear the
honored title of the female emancipator of America.
We, the women of this glorious country, will hail with
joy unspeakable the day of freedom, and our friend and
advocate, Mrs. E. C. Sianton, shsll be crowned with
laurels that will never fade.
Mart W. Strides.
From the New York Independent.
When people who have once been radicals sud-
denly turn aside from the army of progress, and
join that backward-moving multitude whose faces
are toward the middle ages, there is no telling
when and where they will finally briug up. For in-
stance, Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, hitherto a crisp
and sparkling free-trader, i6 now editing a journal
in this city whose prospectus is violent for a tariff.
Foreign Manufactures Prohibited, itsays. This con-
tradiction has elicited the following note from one of
onr correspondents:
New York, June 10,1868.
To the Editor of the Independent.
I observe- with unfeigned regret that my radical
friend, Mrs. Stanton, is .at present editing a journal de-
votedjto the advocacy of protection, and negro-hating
democracy. This is the more surprising to me because
I have long known her to be an enthusiastic supporter of
free trade, as well as the freedom of men and women.
Surely, Revolutions do go backward, sometimes.
n H. B.
Yes, our correspondent is sadly right in saying that
The Revolution is going backward. Mrs. Stanton's
notions on free trade or a tariff are of minor import-
ance ; but what our correspondent calls her devotion
to the negro-hating democracy is one of the lament,
able signs ot the times. Think of an old-fashioned
abolitionist becoming a Tammany Hall democrat! Think
of a Womans Rights journal willing to admit the south-
ern states without negro suffrage! Think of the edi-
torial columns of The Revolution arguing that the
negro soldier ought to be denied his elective franchise
until he can pass a district school examination in elo-
cution and penmanship 1 Alas 1 Elizabeth Cady, fare-
well!
If Tammany Hall democrats believe in our
political creed, free men, free speech, free press,
and free trade, citizen suffrage, black and
white, male and female, the duty of Congress
to establish a republican form of government
in every state of the Union; if they repudiate a
financial system that makes the rich richer, the
poor poorer, why we give them the right hand
of fellowship. A democrat that believes all this
(and we know some who do) is far better in our
estimation than a republican who believes in
11* state rights, manhood suffrage, or gold
for the bond-holder and paper for the laborer,
tariffs and protection.
We cannot imagine with what kind of spec-
tacles Mr. Tilton reads The Revolution.
In the above extract he travels so far out of
the record that we have' come to the conclusion
that this is his playful way of giving us an ad-
vertisement. As such we accept it, and tender
him our hearty thanks. We hope that closing
farewell does not signify that he will do no
more for us in that way.
We feel, however, that it is a little remark-
able, while in every part of the country the
press, both republican and democratic, is so
very complimentary to us that all our old friends
should be so hostile. While all the city papers
quote from us, and kindly call the attention of
the public to our columns, the Anti-Slavery
Standard has treated us with sullen silence and
contempt; and the Independent from the day of
our birth has uniformly pointed its pen with a
sneer, and that, too, while these papers claim
to be the most radical in the country on the
Womans Rights question. If black men had
started The Revolution we wonder if these
radical gentlemen would have been so hyper-
critical with them. However, TheRevolu-
tion is to live iu spite of sneers and contempt,
and to be a power in the building up of the
nation on the solid foundation of equal rights to
all. We may have made some blunders in
starting in matters of minor importance ; but
whoever publicly impeaches our principles,
without one quotation from our columns, is not
only unjust to us, but untrue to himself.
E. C. S.
SUFFRAGE FOB WOMAN.
From the New York World.
A meeting of tbe Union League (colored) of America,
No. 23, was held last evening at the hall in Cottage place,
near Bleeker street, to discuss the questions of universal
and impartial suffrage.
W. C H. Curtis (colored). President of the League, oc-
cupied the chair, and stated that the object of the meet-
ing was the discussion of suffrage and other .questions re*
lating to the coming fall campaign.
Wm. P. Powell (colored) offered a series of resolutions
declaring that American native bom citizens seek for
nothing but what is right, viz., equal suffrage without
any qualification other than manhood.
Mrs. S. F. Norton moved an amendment, that suffrage
should be conferred on all citizens irrespective of sex or
color, and that the words or womanhood, be added to
the resolution.
Miss Susan B. Anthony said they ought to feel grateful
to the colored men of New York City, that they had so
soon inaugurated the discussion of this great question of
suffragetbe only question that is worthy of our full and
hearty consideration. It is the question that underlies
all other questions. We are now at tbo end of a revolu-
tion. And what was the cause of the war? Simply the
violation of the great fundamental principles of repub.
licanism and democracy. Simply depriving a portion
of tbe people of their inalienable rights. You.' may say
that was done by enslaving them. Yes, but there was a
crime, a far greater crime, back of their enslavement
and that was the crime of their disfranchisement. No class
having the ballot in their hands could possibly have been
enslaved. Therefore, the work of this hour is to make
sure that we shall never again' have cause'of. disturbance
by the violation of the fundamental principles of repub-
licanism. The hour i6 come when these principles must
be carried to their legitimate conclusions. Republican-
ism is either a lie, or a truth. If it is the truth, it should
be applied to all, without distinction. And that is what
the women demandthat is the demand of the hour.
The women helped the anti-slavery momement to the
best of their ability, and were admitted to promi-
nent positions in tbe organization. Their rights were
acknowledged. But when the war broke ont, they, for
the time, ceased their Womans Rights Conventions in
order to help the cause which then commended itself to
the feelings of the North; promising themselves that as
soon-as the object of the war was accomplished, and tbe
black man was rescued from slavery, and placed on an even
platform with the most wealthy and cultivated women of
the country, they would make common cause with him.
But when the close of the war came, we found our aboli-
tion friends unwilling to help ns. They said, before
the women seek for enfranchisement we must obtain en-
franchisement for tbe negro in other words, wej who
had worked, must waive our demands for justice. But
then Mrs. Stanton and myself, who stand as the repre-
sentatives of this factious set of women, said to Mr
Philips, Nay, this is the hour for all. If you ask the
ballot for the black mao, demand it also for the w man.
Either suffrage is a right or it is not. If it be an inalien-
able right, it is as much the right of the black woman as
it is of the black man. And you cant ask it for any class
of men, without asking it for all the women who are de-
prived of it. And I told Wendell Phillips, Unless you
make demand for all, you will lose all. You cannot urge
the principle with force and power, unless it be on the
ground of absolute right. But no, Phillips and the re-
publicans said they could maintain the government
without the womans vote, but not without the vote of
the black man. That was political manceuvering and
management. That was expediency. That was working
for an end, and not for justice towards all the inhabitants
of the land. And so they managed at Chicago. The
South must be compelled to give suffrage to the negroes,
because the republican party wants their votes; but Con-
necticut and New York may vote the black man away
from tbe ballot-box just as long as they please.' We find
that after all this discord they still propose to leave this
question of the vote open to the control of the states; and
if the Southern rebels can get a majority they can vote the
ballot ont of tbe bands of the negroes precisely as it is
done in New York. And therefore, unless the demo-
cratic party does what it seems hardly possible it can do
really arrives at the conlusion that General Jackson is
dead ; and that it is necessary to make a platform in ac-
cordance with the events and necessities of the dayand
if they want to win they will do itunless they do this,
what becomes the duty of the people ? Are we to accep tv
either party ? Or are we, according to a fallacious prin-
ciple, out of two evils to accept the least ? Or shall the
people assemble*themselves together, and declare that
the one grand idea of this hour is universal suffragethe
right of all to a voice in the laws under which they live
the right to nominate candidates for President and Vice-
President? Now, Ithink, every true man, black or white,
will refuse to go with either party which denies these
rights. The right to the ballot inheres in tbe individual
without regard to color or sex. It is not inalienable to
man only, but to womau as well. And if tbis question is
left without settlement you leave a question which brings
back all the troubles and corruptions of formor years.
There must be another party, a National party of New
America. It is a young party as yet, but nevertheless, it is
going to be a great party. Tbe National party takes the
ground that no class of people in the state government,
or in the federal government, has aright to sitin judg-
ment upon it3 neighbors and decide who is to have a
voice in the government and who is not. It ii not a
question to be discussed. Nobody has a right to say
another shall not vote, It is a question settled by the
very fact that we are human beings. My right to vote is
as inalienable as any mans, and the men who call them
selves the government, are an usurpation. This Ameri-
can government has been nothing but usurpation from,
its commencement. While the slaves were dragging
their chains, you could see it. But while the women*
while seven-twelfths of the, population are deprived of
their political rights, our government is as much an
usurpation as it was five, ten, or fifty years ago. And
therefore, I say this is the time for the people to gather
themselves in strong force, to form a genuine republic, a
pure democracy. (Applause.)
There was a further discussion upon the resolution, in
which Dr. J. D. Moore, Aaron M. Powell, Mr. Butler, and
others took part, after which the meeting adjourned.
Mr. Powell counselled the colored men not to
trust the democratic party, no matter what their
platform or who their candidate. He told them*
while the republicans were greatly at fault, cor-
rupt aiid unworthy, it was not wise to form a
third party, for it" could not be successful
hence, virtually told them to choose the least
of the two evils,*meaning Grant-and Colfax, as
against Chase.
Mr. Butler' said he was just from the worst
state in the UnionKentuckyand he wanted
to tell them a few things about how matters
stood down South. Stud he, the colored people
distrust the honesty of the republican party.
They told us if we would work and vote for
them, they would stand by us. But how is it
I stumped for them all through the last cam-
paign, mid I know what I say. The colored
people are outraged and killed for no crime but
helping the republicansand though Congress
pays an immense army, they are not protected
their failure, .to say the right word1, at Chicago,
makes us still more suspicious of them. And I
tell you, up here in the North, if the democracy,
do pledge themselves to universal suffrage, and
nominate Salmon P. Chase, hell be electedthe
colored men down South will go for Chase solid.
Here there were hissesbut Mr. Butler again
repeated, that he knew things down South bet-
ter than they did hereand if the democrats
did nominate Chase theyd win.
Women in Office.The Massachusetts Le-
gislature couldnt give woman one vote for right
of suffrage, but a good many women there are
getting appointed to office. Gov. Bullock has
just called Rachel Howland of New Bedford,
Elizabeth Fisher of Lancaster, and Mary A. Fay
of Worcester, to be the Advisory Board to the
Trustees of the Industrial School for Girls, at
Lancaster.


405
,, Jlr |Uv0lttti0tt.
PERSONAL SKETCHES.
WM. H. SYLYtS, ESQ.
Personal sketches are becoming a prominent
part of newspaper literature. Only eminent
persons are however yet selected for this dis-
tinction, professional men, prominent and sue-'
cessful politicians or accumulators of great
wealth. We propose to vary the course occa-
sionally, and present the characters of such
persons (whether men or women) as have not
been introduced to the public, though eminently
deserving, for their works sake, a high place in
the popular esteem. We find in the Peoples
Weekly, published in Washington, the following
interesting account of the life and labors of
William H. Sylvis, a prominent leader in the
Labor Reform Movement which already counts
. hundreds of local associations with a member-
ship of more than half a million, and which- will,
ere long, shape the policy of the nation. Most
of the members are legal voters, though some
are women soon we trust to be voters. It may
not be out of place to announce here the organiza-
tion of a new Womans Suffrage movement with
headquarters at-the office of The Revolu-
tion, 37 Park Row, with Mrs. Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, Mrs. Horace Greeley, Mrs. Abby H.
Gibbons, and Miss Susan B. Anthony as the
Central Committee and Council. But to our
sketch of Mr. Sylvis :
William H. Sylvis was born in the town of Armagh,
Indiana county, Pennsylvania, on the 16th November,
1828, of European parents, his father having been a
native of Prance, and his mother of Ireland.
William was the second son of ten children. His father,
who was a wagon maker, was poor, and in the general
depression of business, caused by the panic of 1837>
found it very difficult to provide for his large and increas-
ing family. Under these circumstances, the subject of
our sketch, not then ten years of age, determined to strike
out for himself, and try to help his father to take care of
the rest of the family. He went to work first upon a farm,
afterwards at a blast furnace, turning a ready hand to all
kinds of work, until at eighteen years of age he began to
learn the trade of an iron moulder. Until 1852, when he
moved to Philadelphia and married, all his earnings, be-
yond a bare support for himself, were regularly sent to
aid his parents in their hard struggle to provide for and
educate the large family at home. In doing this his own
early education was neglected, at least so far as education
is derived from schools and books. Arrived at man-
hood, he felt the necessity for more extended knowledge
than could be picked up in the workshop, and deter-
mined by industry aud perseverance to make up for the
disadvantages of his early years. Like Andrew Johnson,
Gov. Jones of Tennessee, apd many others who have
risen to eminence and distinction, he began the study
oi books at an age when the sons of wealthy parents
generally stop. Men and nature he had been studying
from childhood. These studies he"'pursued with great
diligence, but under many difficulties, being under the
neccessity oi working daily at his trade until 1863. In
that year he was elected President of the Iron
Moulders International Union, in which capacity he
has served ever since, having been elected five times suc-
cessively.
Id 1848 Alt. Sylvis commenced studying the Labor
Reform Question, as it then presented itself in Europe.
His quick perception and reflective mind soon compre-
hended that the tendency of Bed Republicanism in Eu-
rope, like Black Republicanism in America, is, through
anarchy, to military despotism, to corrupt class legisla-
tion, taxing the labor of the industrial classes to pamper
the military despots and their aristocratic retinues. He
also saw that the monarchical and aristocratic institu-
tions, sustained by large organized standing armies,
which the spendthrift past has left like the old man of
the sea, clinging to and pressing upon the backs of the
laboring classes of Europe, left thepa little to hope for in
the near future iu the way of governmental reform ; and
that there the chief immediate practical benefit to the
working classes to be expected from the labor reform
movement wag. bettering their material condition
through the co-operative system. He also saw in this
country this difference ; a government of the people, of
whom the laboring classes constitute the greater and
most important part, and, according to the theory of the
government, should be the controlling element. Here,
then, the laboring classes have a duly to perform some-
what different. It is theirs to preserve what the laboring
classes of Europe may vainly struggle for years, against
kings and nobles and standing armies, to gain. Im-
pressed with these views, himself a working man, one of
the people, Mr. Sylvis, as he learned from history the
universal tendency of all'centralized governments to
class legislation and unequal taxation, taken from the
laboring many to enrich the non-producing few, natu-
rally adopted the Jeffersonian doctrine of a strict con-
struction of the constitution, which seeks to limit the
power of taxation and appropriation by the general gov-
ernment strictly to the objects for which the general
government was formed. This threw him into the
ranks of that party, whose opponents, the monarchists,
the aristocrats, and the negro worshippers, called the
democratic party, in derision j because they held that
the sovereignty of this country was in the demos, or
people.
It will not be out of place here to remark that the
words Democratic party and Peoples party mean identi-
cally the same thing, and our only objection to the word
democrat is that those who have not studied Greek do
not generally understand that its true signification is
one of the Peoples party, or know that it was first
applied iu this country by the monarchists, as a term of
reproach to their opponents.
The Labor Reform movement in Lhis country began in
1855, and grew out of the gradually increasing tendency
of the general government to class legislation and.to the
assumption of the pover of taxation and appropriation
in cases not contemplated by the constitution. Mr. Syl-
vis became identified with the movement at its inception
In 1855, but it was not till 1657 that he took an active part
in directing its movements. At that time there were
many local isolated efforts being made, but no concert of
action, no objective point, no leader. Mr. Sylvis made
the motion, which called into existence the Iron Mould,
ers International Union, which now numbers 200 subor-
dinate Unions and 10,000 members. Since his first elec-
tion as President of the I. M. I. Union in 1863, he has
visited nearly all the cities, towns, and villages in the
United States, attended hundreds of meetings, public and
private, and made the personal acquaintance of many
hundred thousand workingmen. Out of his writings,
speeches and labors has sprung nearly the whole Labor
Reform movement, as it exists to-day in this- country,
and he has done much to shape it in Europe.
Secession was a bad blunder on the part of the South.
It furnished to the monarchists and aristocrats, the cen-
tralizers and class legislators, who had previously de*
nounced the Union as a league with hell and a coven-
ant with death, and spoke of the flag of the Union as
hates polluted rag, the opportunity of changing
their cry to let us save the Union and the nations
life, and by that cry to lead the laboring classes of the
North into those very centralizing measures, which Mr.
Sylvis foresaw would pauperize and enslave them, as has
been done in Europe.
After the war was over, Mr. Sylvis suggested the idea of
calling a convention to organize aNational Labor Uuion,
a movement made more than ever necessary by the re-
sults of war. Three men, himself one, met in his of-
fice and called a council of the Presidents of the several
labor unions to meet in New York, in March, 1866. From
that council emanated the call for the Baltimore Labor
Congress, of August, 1866, which he was unable to at-
tend, being then confined to his bed by sickness.
On the 19th of August, 1866, being then in New York,
we for the first time learned from the Times that such a
Congress was to meet the next day in Baltimore. The
place being south of Mason and Dixons Line, attracted
our attention. On further thought, we said to ourselves,
this is the bow of promise. There is no other element
'in the Northern States that offers any hope of checking
the downward career of radicalism to military des-
potism except the laboring classes of the North and
West. So the next day we went to Baltimore to see
what this Labor Congress was and meant.
We lived a long tim'e in Washington city, and have seen
Houses of Representatives there, that were Houses of
Representatives. We have seen a great many State Leg-
islatures. For what would be called in Texas good
horse sense, for propriety of demeanor, for honesty and
earnestness of purpose, we have seen no assemblage of
men that would surpass the Baltimore Labor Congress of
1866, or that of Chicago in 1867. But the delegates, with
the.exception of those from Baltimore and Washington,
two or three from Virginia, and one from Georgia, were
all (torn. the East and Northwest. Much to our regret,
and little to our surprise, we found them filled to over-
flowing with that sectional hatred and bitterness, which
Washington deprecated, and which had been so long
and diligently fomented by the leaders of the republi-
can partj, to whom the war furnished an occasion, which
tbey had promptly seized, for aggravating and intensify-
ing that hatred. We at once determined, if we could get
an opportunity, to lay before them, in a calm unimpas-
sioned statement, some of the aspects of the question as
view sd from a Southern stand-point. We sought and
obtained permission to make a few remarks to the Con-
gress in response to which resolutions, favorable to the
restoration of the South, were unanimously adopted.
As we have said, Mr. Sylvis was prevented by sickness
from attending the Baltimore Congress in 1866. We first
met him at Chicago in 1867, and recognized at once what
we had felt the want of'at Baltimorethe presence of the
leader in a great movement. In a quiet, unassuming
way7 in a few brief sentences, he disposed of question
after question, invariably carrying the Congress with him
almost unanimously, and silencing all opposition.
The numerical strength of the several unions in affiia-
tion with and represented in the National Labor Union,
is about 500,000, nearly all voters, scattered through the
North and West, from Maine to California; and there are
hundreds of thousands, who do not belong as active
members to the organization, but whose sympathies are
with it and its objects.
This sketch would not be complete without adding the
following resolutions, whioh were unanimously adopted
by the National Labor Congress at Chicago :
Whereas, the great staple of the South, cotton, has
been heretofore not only the chief basis of our commerce
and exchanges, but the source of profitable employment
to a large portion of the laboring classes of New England,
who were engaged in its manufacture ; and
Whereas, Nearly every branch of industry in the
North and West will suffer more or less, directly or indi-
rectly, if the United States should, as is anticipated by
some, not only lose the export cotton trade, but fail to
grow enough for our own domestic use, thus forcing
American manufacturers to import cotton from abroad;
and
Whereas, The British Cotton Supply Association
have for a long time been laboring to bring about such a
result, so that instead of selliug to England, the United
States would have to buy cotton their, the growth c*
India and Egypt; therefore be it
Resolved, 1st, That this Congress endorses and reit-
erates the resolution adopted by the National Labor Con-
gress at Baltimore last year, to the effect that the speedy
restoration of the agricultural industry of the Southern
states is of vital importance to the industrial classes of
the North. ,
Resolved, 2d, That the speedy restoration of the
Southern states to their proper practical relations in the
Union is indispensable to the restoration of their'agricu).
tural prosperity.
EDUCATED OFFICE-HOLDERS.
The Revolution discusses Educated Suf-
frage. It fully believes also in educated Office-
Holders. Congress has proposed or passed a
law requiring some kind of examination of can-
didates, called the Civil Service bill. Gen.
Grant, at his West Point graduation, stood only
as high as thirty-seven in a class of forty-one,
or within four of the foot. A Western corres-
pondent catechises the republicans on their
candidate, thus evangelically :
I arraign you of inconsistency in not applying the prin-
ciples of the Civil Service bill to the case of the highest of-
ficer of toe government. Could Gen. Grant stand toe.test
of .an examination such as that bill requires for toe highest
officers ? It is only very lately toal you have advocated
him as toe fit standard-bearer of toe party. Have you
not yielded principle to expediency ? Can it ho that you
believe he is the only man of toe republican party who
can be elected President, and he not on account of any
political principles or opinions he has expressed, nor
for his experience, culture, and fitness, but because the
party in Congress have committed so many blunders,
mistakes, extravagances, and perversions of principle
that only the successful leader of our armies can be
elected ?
A Southern Democratic Opinion.A lady
from Alabama of the highest intelligence, in
conversation, assures us, that the Southern de-
mocracy will accept any candidate. Her last
letters from her husband in Montgomery, a lead?


406

ing democrat, confirm her more and more in this
belief We have always believed the South
would accept colored suffrage more readily than
the North. With Judge Chase on a truly demo-
cratic platform, erected in good faith, the demo-
crats would sweep the entire South.
WOMAN'S RIGHTS IN ENGLAND.
Womans rights of property and of suffrage
are vital questions in Great Britain; and Parlia-
ment has began to deal with them in good ear-
nest. There is none of that cowardly shrinking
ft6m the subject so common among American
legislators, and there is reason to believe that
woman will come to her full rights as a citizen
sooner -in that country than in this. In the
House of Commons there were over eighty
votes in support of her right of suffrage last
winter ; and on the bill of Mr. Lefevre to secure
to married women the right of property, the
vote for a second reading stood 123 to 123, and
the Speaker gave the casting vote in iavor, and
it was referred to a select committee. Some of
the debates were of a most interesting descrip-
tion. The London Star says the object of the
measure is to allow a married woman to be the
owner of her own property and earnings. It is,
in fact, to reverse the present condition of
things. Now, unless a womans property is
specially protected and secured to her, the law
presumes and declares that it is her husbands.
Mr. Shaw Lefevres bill would enact that where
there is no special arrangement making over the
wifes property to the husband, the law shall re-
gard it as her own, just as if she were unmarried
or a widow. On any principle of justice intel-
ligible to ordinary intellect, or recognized by
men in their dealings among themselves, the
alteration Mr. Lefevre proposes is obviously
and unassailably just. The only argument
against it is based on the old and degrading
notion that the husband is the lord and tho
wife the vassal. Lord Galway wanted to know
how a woman can love, honor, and obey
her husband unless the latter has absolute own-
ership of her property as well as her person.
According to this principle, of course no woman
can love, honor, and obey if her property is
protected by a marriage settlement. The Attor-
ney-General and several other speakers saw
dreadful family discord arising out of the pro-
posed improvement of the law. Mr. Karslake
confined himself chiefly to firing off some small
and cad-like jokes about Mr. Mills philosophi-
cal views on the subject of woman. Mr. Lowe
made a very forcible and telling speech, and
furnished a capital illustration of the theory on
which present British legislation rests when he
asked whether marriage was such a crime on
the part of the woman as to render her justly
obnoxious to one portion of the punishment for
high treason, namely, confiscation of property.
Jacob Bright strengthened and pointed a speech,
in itself admirable as a piece of calm, conclu-
sive argument, by some striking practical ex-
amples of the manner in which the present sys-
tem in that country actually has operated in the
city which he represents. Mi*. Melly disputed
the statement that 499 women out of 500 in the
humbler classes possessed no property, remark-
ing that 800,000 women were in receipt of weekly
wages in factories. Protection against dishonest
and reckless husbands, he declared, was urgently
required, and he was not terrified at the epithet
revolutionary, remembering how systemati-
cally it was applied byhon. gentlemen opposite
to measures designed to improve the social con-
dition of the masses. Mr. Mall said those who,
like himself, thought that women could never
hope that the laws and customs of society would
do them full justice unless they were admitted
to participate in political rights, ought to wish
that the house would rejeet this bill, because its
rejection would give a most extraordinary im-
impulse to the movement which had lately made
so much progress for giving the suffrage to
women. He wished, however, that his sbx
should have the credit of giving up their un-
just privileges voluntarily. It was impossible,
he continued, that society could exist on a har-
monious footing when the husband had an ab-
solute power over the wife. That was very well
for savages, but it was only by doing justice to
women that they could hope to give them any
moral feeling against encroaching on the rights
of others. It was by remedying the injustice
that married women now suffered that real har-
mony was to be introduced into the married
state. Mr. Lefevre said it was feared the mea-
sure would introduce divisions into families ;
but the experience of its working in America
refuted that assertion. During the last twenty
years almost all the Northern States had legis-
lated in that direction, and some of them had
arrived at the very point at which he wished to
place the law of England. In regal'd to that
experiment in New England he said he had re-
ceived a letter from a gentleman, once the Gov-
ernor of a State and now the Professor of Law
in an American University, stating that he had
seen no mischievous results from the change ;
that, on the contrary, having himself regarded
the first inroad upon the common law as the
rights of- husbands in their wives estates with
apprehension, that it would cause angry and
unkind feelings in families, and open the door
for fraud as far as the husbands creditors were
concerned, he was so much convinced to the
contrary that he would not be oife to restore
the common law if he could. The same high
legal authority said the new law rendered wives
more independent in the matter of property,
and often saved a family from .the consequences
of the husbands or fathers recklessness or mis-
fortune. He quoted similar testimony from the
head of one of the largest manufacturing firms
in New England, and also from the son of Mr.
Abbot Lawrence. The latter gentleman said
that the only part of the Union in which the
new system had not heen adopted or proposed
was the Southern States, where, since the eman-
cipation of the negroes, great dissatisfaction had
arisen from the state of the law. Formerly,
marjiage being illegal between slaves, what
property the masters allowed the negro women
to hold was their own, but when the slaves
were set free, and got married in great num-
bers, it was found that the black men were very
willing to see their* wives work while they them-
selves remained idle, because the law, like our
common law, gave them power over the wives
earnings. The result was that the rage for"
matrimony abated, the women preferring to
remain single and enjoy their own property as
they did before emancipation.
The discussion was very long as well as able,
but The Devolution must plead want of
space for any further account of it. As in this
country, the British press is fast becoming
familiar with and very friendly towards this
sublimest question of the age, the Bights of
Woman.
A Yankee, in Paris, Las invented a style Of luminous
printing which can be read in the darlc.
WOMEN ALWAYS IDLE.
FROM GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
The London Saturday Review says, Woman
is always idle. Woman will not be idle when
educated. Equal Suffrage is the order. The
Review says : ..
The whole theory of womans life is framed on tho hy-
pothesis of sheer indolence. She is often charming, but
she is always idle. There is an immense ingenuity ancl
a perfect grace about her idleness, the efforts, in fact, of
generations of cultivated women, have been directed,
and successfully directed, to this special object of secur-
ing absolute indolencewithout either the inner tedium or
the outer contempt which -indolence is supposed to bring
in its train. Woman can always say with Titus, I have
wasted a day, but the confession wears an air of triumph
rather than regret. A world of trivial occupations, a
whole system of social life, has been laboriously invented
that the day might be wasted gracefully and without
boredom. A little riding, a little reading, a little dab-
bling with the paint-brush, a little strumming on the
piano, a little visiting, a little shopping, a little dancing,
and a general trivial chat scattered over the whole;
made up the day of an English girl in town. Transplant
her into the country, and the task of flittering away ex-
istence, though it becomes more difficult, is faced just
as gallantly as before. Woman wraps herself in her in-
dolence, and is perfectly satisfied with her lot. She as-
sumes, and the world has at least granted the. assump-
tion, that hor little hands were never made to do any-
thing which any rougher hands can do for them. Man
has got accustomed to serve as her hewer of wood and
drawer of water, and to expect nothing from her but
poetry and refinement. It is a little too much to ask her
to go back to the position of the squaw, and to do any
work for herself. Already the great philosopher of the
age has pronounced that the passion of love plays far
too importaut a part in human existence, and that it is
a terrible obstacle to human progress.
Woman will go to work when The Eevolu-
tion will educate its party. But here is
another item:
Sarah Punt, of Gissing, applied to the magistrates for
a guagers license, and produced a certificate of her fit-
ness, signed by tbe clergyman and several of the lead-
ing inhabitants of her parish. Yet Sarah was not ex-
actly fit for the bench, having received certain informa-
tion about her, subjected her moral character to the fiery
ordeal of cross-examination, and lo! when the lire was
extinguished, there was no moral character left, and
Sarah was refused her license. It is to he hoped that
ministers and respectable inhabitants will in future be
more careful, for though the act is an excellent one, it
will be quite inoperative without their co-operation ; and
the character of the agricultural guagers is really of the
greatest importance ; the children pass a much longer
time in their society than in that of the schoolmaster
and the parson.
Suppose we threw out all men not fit for
office : why examine women more closely than
men? Educated Suffrage will change all this.
Hard to Correct.The London Ball-Mall
Gazette opposes womans right to own property
or control her earnings with argument like
this
We believe that no system of law, whether it relates to
property, to person, or to political rights, will ever be
really justthat is generally beneficialunless it pre-
supposes and is founded upon the following principles :
First, that men are superior to womenthat is, that we
have more moral, intellectual and physical strength
than they have ; that we know more, feel more, can do
more, are their superiors in every sense in which one
class of beings can be superior to another. Secondly,
that families are in the nature of small governments
and that the constitution of those governments should
be monarchical, the husband being king.
Fragrant and Delicious.Our friend, Mr.
E. F. Smith, of Bergen, New Jersey, brought
to our office an elegant bouquet of roses, and a
generous treat of tlio largest and most delicious
strawberries ever yet grown, the products of his
own garden. Paradise is surely yet to be re-
gained.


407

LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
QUOTING THE MORTALITY OF NATIONS.LESSONS
THEREIN FOR AMERICA.HOW AMERICA SUP-
PORTS ENGLAND.THE DEATH OF TOADYISM.
Dublin, 1868.
TRAIN AS AN EDITOR.
Dear Revolution : James Brooks used to
say that Train could edit a dozen papers at one
time. Bat that was when I was crowding the
columns of the Express in my Saratoga Voices
of the-Pitvainly trying to educate the Bourbons
to win the race. in 64 at Chicago. I am now
equally in earnest in my endeavors to educate
the voters to Americanize America. Give me
GREENBACKS OR GIVE ME WAR. Either Will Shut
out Englands supremacy over us. Nothing
else can. Never was American more terribly in
earnest than I am. Continual dropping will go,
through the hardest stone. Ten years of con-
stant talking, lecturing, writing, must sooner or
later tell on public opinion. I can see myfoot-
prints all along the sands of time.
THE EDUCATION OF OUR PARTY.
I am educating a party to believein American
IndustryAmerican IdeasAmerican Progress.
The civil war was a God send. When the North
sees how suicidal it is to make a Hungarya
Venicea Polandan Ireland in the South, a
kinder sentiment will prevail, and white men,
forgiven, will be considered as good citizens as
black men. We want all our country to work
out the manifest destiny of all our people* We
are in our infancy yet. But, Ye Gods, what a
child! Permit me, Mr. Editor, to quote from
your own works when glancing at the history
of the world.
A RETROSPECTHOW NATIONS DECAY.
The world has an accepted chronology of six thousand
years. Its history and experience in government reach
back forty centuries.
It would be an interesting inquiry with what results
governments have existed so long, especially in the latter
periods and among the most enlightened of the nations.
Germany in the former and Spain in the latter portion
of the sixteenth century almost ruled the world. Charles
the Fifth boasted that his empire saw no setting sun. It
included Spain and all her vast provinces, over large
part of which to-day wave our own Stars and Stripes.
The national escutcheon bore two globes; and the
coin, the two Pillars of Hercules, the then acknowledged
boundary of the Eastern world, with the motto, More
beyond."
Spain, too, under Phillip Second, dictated law, learn-
ing and religion, especially religion, to unknown mil-
lions, not alone in Europe, but in North and South
America, Africa and all the Indies. And now in the
centre of Europe proper, and remote in its south-western
corner, are all that remain there of these, two mighty
powers of the sixteenth century ; figured most appro-
priately, .on the map of the world they once ruled, as two
little splashes of blood.
France in the eighth century under Charlemagne, was
another mistress of the globe. Aifd Charlemagne was
crowned by the Pope Sovereign of the New Empire of
the West." Distant princes and potentates came to do
him homage, like the Queen of Sheba to the court of
King Solomon. And yet, inless than fifty years, 'all that
mountain of magnificence exploded; and many rival
nations sprang from its lava streams of blood and ashes 1
A remnant, too, of France was preserved ; and its his-
tory, for almost eight hundred years, may be traced,
like the tracks of a wounded man, through a crowd, by
the blood ;" until it culminated in French revolution
(suicide of the eighteenth century, as .Carlyle calls
that terrible phenomenon) and Napoleon Bonaparte l
Mortality of Nations.
WHAT AMERICA WAS AND IS TO ENGLAND.
America has been the shirt, pantaloons, and
coateverything but the hat and boots of John
Bull.
Take Glasgowa Baillie Nichol Jarvie in size
with ^America, but a lean Rob Roy without her
while red-feced Daniel Lambert, Liverpool,
would be reduced to a Calvin Edson if deprived
of the American trade.
England is the worlds heartits pulsations
are felt everywhereseas and rivers are the
veins, and shed her blood to do honor to her
ideas. Having for so long furnished brain' for
the whole world, she clings to old habits. .While
other lands were opening their eyes, England
worked hard and got rich, and always preserved
her nationality, while Spanish, French, Dutch,
and Portuguese colonists intermarried with na-
tives and lost their identity.
Tell an Englishman to improve upon his gov-
ernment, he will ask you to gild refined gold
color the violetperfume the rosebut hope
not to amend the constitution of his country.
Why, then, should an American be blamed for
having the same feeling of national superiority?
Dates make the Africanrice the Asiatic; but
the English and American eat beefhence their
iron character. This is an age of ironiron
roads, iron bridges, iron houses, iron fences,
iron' shipsnothing hut the iron will of the iron
Duke brought peace to Europe by sending Na-
poleon to St. Helena.
America has followed England abroad, and
copied her at home so long (we are even in-
debted to an English nobleman for the arms on
our national seal); she has faith in our con-
tinuing the practice.
THE NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
But that was old America. That was Free
TradeSpecie paymentsand all our clothes
from England. New Americathe national
party has a different object. Greenbacks
high wagesa kind word for the poorno
drunkennessno Restellismand the worlcls
carrying trade in the coming struggle between
two millions of people who do not speak the
American language.
THE PRIESTS OF APOLLO AND THE SERPENTS.
The son of Priam, a priest of Apollo, was commis-
sioned to offer a sacrifice to propitiate the god of the
sea. But the offering not being acceptable, there came
up two enormous serpents from the deep and attacked
the priest and his two sons who stood with him at the
altar. The lather attempted to defendhis sons ; but the
serpents falling upon him, enfolded him and them in
their complicated coils, and strangled them to a terrible
death. Let this government beware. The very union
proposed will only bind and hold us together as in the
deadly folds of a serpent more fearful than all the fabled
monsters of the past! And so, hitherto, republics are
no exception to the general law. Rickets in infancy,
convulsions in childhood, or premature rheumatisms,
have brought the nations of history to untimely deaths.
Material interests may flourish, and nations grow great
and powerful, make wars and conquests, and rule the
world. The* ancients did all this, but where are those
haugh tv omnipotences now ? Charlemagne did but little
less, and in half a century his magnificence was brought
to nought. Germany and Spain survived a little longer
in their glory and grandeur ; but now the scanty blood-
splash on the map describes them well.Mortality of
Nations.
Let us have a Union based on Educated Suf-
frage. Give black men votes if they can read
and write ; and dont give white men votes who
cannot read and write. And, above all, dont
treat a woman any longer as you would a horse
or an ox ; or use and abuse her as you do.
REVIEW OF OUR NATIONAL-LIFE.
Our own nation is not yet a hundred years old, but it had
behind it in the beginning, the chronicles of forty or
sixty centuries, written mostly in tears and blood. At
the end of an eight years* revolutionary war, our new
governmental columns were reared, not, like some pagan
temples, on human skulls, hut on the imbruted bodies
and extinguished souls of five hundred thousand chattel
slaves. We had our Declaration of Independence, our war
of Revolution; and a new Constitution and code of laws.
We bad a Washington for our first President, a .Tohu Jay
for Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court, and a constella-
tion of senators, statesmen and sages who challenged the
respect and admiration of mankind. We closed that dis-
pensation with James Buchanan as Chief Magisirate, and
Roger B. Taney as Chief-Justice, with his diabolical Dred
Scott Decision, and with a war of Treason and Rebellion
which deluged the land in the blood of more than half a
million of men. We had multiplied our slaves to lour mil-
lions, with new cruelties and horrors added to the system,
and at least ten generations of them were lost in unknown
graves. The new republican President pledged his of-
ficial word and honor to the rebels already in arms, that,
would they but return to their allegiance, he would favor
amendments to the Constitution that should not only
render slave property more secure than ever before, but
also make its* old guarantees and safeguards, Fugitive
Slave law and all, iorever irrevocable by any act or
decree of Congress t ,
So we were endeavoring to bulwark and balustrade our
slave-system about, in the name of a Christian Republi-
canism, when it was struck by the lightnings of a right-
eous retribution, and the world is rid of it forever.
And our old nationality went down in the ruin.
Now we are divided, distracted, deranged in cur-
rency, commerce, diplomacy, with State and Fed?
eral liabilities resting on the people, the producing
people, amounting to not less than six thousand mil-
lions of dollars, not to speak of current expenditures
which are also appalling ; with a President whose
weakness finds no parallel but in his wickedness,
with a Secretary of State who has become his full
counterpart in both, and a Senate too cowardly, or
too corrupt, to impeach the one or to seek the re-
moval of the other !
For more than two years we have been attempting to
restore the fragments of onr once boasted Union. With
the history and experience of forty centuries shin ing
back upon us, so far we have failed. And under any ex-
isting or proposed policy we shall fail. By all the claims
of justice and righteousness, we deserve to fail; for we
are still defying those claims.Mortality of Nations.
RAINBOWS ALL AROUND THE WESTERN SHIES.
No, no, Mr. Pillsbury, w have not failed. I
see rainbows all over the sky. How bright the
morning of onr new America. How pure the
air, now slavery is gone. We needed a John-
son to destroy Congresswe needed a Congress
to destroy Johnsonwe needed a war to destroy
slavery. We needed a Peace that has been no
Peace, to kill off Demagogues that swarmed
upon the party of power. We needed just what
has been; and ;now we need The Revolu-
tion. It was necessary to kill off the Anti-
Slavery Standard with its inhuman inconsisten-
ciesand the Independent with its false political
and theological generalities and its quack medi-
cinesand the Tribune with its dishonest pro-
fessions. And now we need Greenbacks for the
million or a Fenian war to kill off Toadyism to
England. Geo. Francis Train.
Senator Sumner on Equal Rights.Mr.
Sumner has published his definition of Equal
Rights in a letter thus :
Senate Chamber, June 22,1868.
Dear Sir : I have your lettor of Ihe 18th in reference
to the eligibility of colored men to Congress. I know of
no ground on which be could bo excluded from his seat,
if duly elected ; and I should welcome the election of a
competent representative of the colored race to cither
House of Congress as a final triumph of the cause of
equal rights., Until this step is taken, our success is in-
complete. Yours truly,
Charles Sumner.
What would the honorable senator say to this
change in the letter ? :
Dear Sib : I have your letter in reference to the eligi-
bility of a woman to Congress. I know of no ground on
which she could be excluded from her seat, if duly
elected ; and I should welcome the election of a compe
tent woman to either house as a final triumph of the
cause of equal rights. Until this step is taken onr suc-
cess is incomplete.
Yours truly. Charles Sumner.
Much valuable matter, in type, has been crowded out
this week*


408
Ilf Hctuitiitiiiii.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, } bailors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, JULY 2, 1868.
IAMMANY HALL PLATFORM.
Haying devoted ourselves to the study of
platforms for some weeks, we have come to the
conclusion that man has made as signal a fail-
ure in this dn'ection as he ever has in the art of
government. And as we are identified, it seems,
in the public mind with Tammany Hall demo-
crats, we feel some responsibility for the success
of the coming Convention. Knowing that in
the nature of things, man can have but half an
idea, we fear our democratic brethren will re-
peat the blunder of Chicago. To save the na-
tion from such a calamity, the
Womans Suffrage Association of America
present to them the following platform. .
SUFFRAGE.
While legislation has hitherto aimed to se-
cure all men the enjoyment of the inalien-
able right of suffrage, and as sex is the
most odious and unnatural of all forms of aris-
tocracy and most dangerous to the state, we de-
mand the recognition of woman in the Recon-
struction, that wealth, virtue and education may
outweigh the incoming tide of pauperism, ig-
norance and crime that threatens our very ex-
istence as a nation.
STATE RIGHTS.
As this government was formed by a compact
between the several states, and the tendency of
power, whether in the individual or the govern-
ment, is to self-aggrandizement and usurpation,
in case of any difficulty arising between the state
and federal governments as to the extent, abuse
or usurpation of power,while it is the right
and the duty of the federal power to interfere
for the protection of the liberties of all citizens
under its flag,yet, the proper judge in the last
resort, would be a convention of all the states
called to decide on the question at issue.
reconstruction.
Universal Amnesty and Universal Suffrage, as
measures of justice and peace, are better and
cheaper than a Standing Army and Freedmens
Bureau at a cost of $250,000,000 a year. The
people have grown wise enough to trace the
circle of misery through the tangled meshes of
the \fc>rldthe cunning legislation by which
the few rob the many, and by means of jails,
prisons, and standing armies hold them at bay
and prevent them from avenging their wrongs.
THE WARDS OF THE NATION.
As the Ballot is the Columbiad of our politi-
cal power, and every citizen who has it is a full
armed monitor, we demand this sure protec-
ion for allMen and Women ; including, of
course, the mothers, wives and daughters of
the brave men who fell in our last revolution.
A place in all the profitable and honorable em-
ployments, and a fair days wages for a fair day s
work, are better than charity ; for virtue and
dignity can only be maintained by self-depend-
ence and self-support. Give a man a right
5 over my subsistence, says Alexander Hamilton,
and he has a right over my whole, moral
being,
pi*- '
BREAD AND TEE BALLOT.
As labor is ever degraded by disfranchisement,
and as capital uses the cheap labor of woman
to depress mans wages, and extend the hours cf
his toil in all those trades where she works by
his side, it is clearly the interest of laboring
men to extend the right of suffrage to the women
of the nation, who are now' fast coming to com-
pete with them in the world of work.
INTERNATIONAL RIGHTS.
It is the duty of the government to protect
its citizensnative-born or naturalized in
foreign lands, and to demand the immediate re-
lease of those now confined in British jails for
no crime committed on its soil.
PUBLIC LANDS.
No more of the public lands should be granted
to any corporation under any pretext whatever;
and all lands not disposed ot should be with-
drawn from the market and sold only in small
quantities to actual settlers. All soldiers and
sailors should be entitled to a quarter section of
land, and those disabled in tne recent war be
supported at the public expense.
POLITICAL ECONOMY.
We want economy in the appropriations by
Congress, and taxes laid for revenue pur-
poses, to meet the necessary and proper ex-
penses of the government, and not to enrich a
favored few by class or sectional legislation.
We need a new American system of finance
and political economy, which will relieve Ameri-
can interests from the financial control of
Europe and protect labor from the tyranny of
capital. vA system that- compels five-sixths of
the human family to ceaseless toil for a mere
hand-to-mouth subsistence is clearly false and
oppressive.
SPECIE PAYMENTS.

An immediate return to specie payments
would so derange trade and commerce, and
paralyze the whole industry of the country as
to make the payment of the national debt im-
possible, and compel absolute repudiation,
While the West has not money enough for its
business wants, and the South no money at all,
the National Debt, created by inflation, can
never be paid by contraction.
FINANCE.
1. Government to pay off the 5-20 bonds in
Legal Tender Notes, and these to be funded at
the option of the holder into 3 per cent, con-
vertible bonds, subject to no taxes.
2. Greenbacks shall be the lawful money or
currency. The $300,000,.000 of National Bank
notes, and $50/000,000 3 per cent, certificates
to be withdrawn and replaced by $350,000,000
of greenbacks, thus saving about $26,500,000
per annum.
3. Government to issue currency bonds bearing
three per cent, annual interest in exchange for
Greenbacks, again reconvertible into Green-
backs at par on demand, and free from taxation.
4. The Secretary of the Treasury to keep only a
reasonable balance in the Treasury Depart-
mentssay $100,000000 as a maximumand
all above that sum to be used in buying and
cancelling the six or five per cent, interest
bonds. This change will probably save about
$20,000 000 annually in interest.
5. The expenditures for the army to be reduced
to $30,000 000 annually; and every regiment
shall consist of not less than one thousand men.
When regiments fall below one thousand, they
shall be disbanded or incorporated with other
regiments. The pay of all army officers not in
actual service to cease during such term. This
would save about $170,000,000 per annum.
6. The expenditures for the navy to be reduced
to $20,000,000 anuually, thus saving about
$G0,000,000. m
7. These several changes would effect a total
immediate reduction in the peoples burdens of
about $276,500,000 per annum, representing at
six per cent, interest, a capital or debt of $4,600,-
000,000, thus extinguishing at a blow a burden
on the people equal to double the amount of our
present National Debt.
8. The income tax to be repealed. Taxes to
be imposed on all fixed properly, including
bonds and mortgages, state, railway, insurance,
and bank stocks, and all government bonds, ex-
cepting the three per cent, convertible bonds
enumerated above.
In behalf of the Womans Suffrage Associa-
tion of America,
Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Mrs. Horace Greeley,
Susan B. Anthony,
Abby Hopper Gibbons,
Central Committee,
37 Park Row (Room 20), New York.
FARTHER NEW HAMPSHIRE DEVELOP-
MENTS.

A short time since we unrolled a section or
two of New Hampshire political corruption. Mr.
Fogg, our late minister to Switzerland-, and a
leading republican and editor, overhauled the
record of Mi*. Chandler, late Assistant Secretary
of the Treasury, under Mr. McCulloch. The
'disclosures of Mr. Fogg were most damaging to
the reputation of the ex-assistant Treasurer. H e
replies in,a ten page pamphlet, and if he does
not wash, his own political and official robes
quite white, he succeeds in doing what is com-
monly deemed the next best thing, namely,
making his opponent look if possible even more
foul than himself. Fogg proved that Chandler
had held office nearly every hour since he * was
old enough to cast his first vote. To which
Chandler rejoins, and, ditto you, 0 Fogg!
and then reads him a page in his pamphlet
thus:
" In 1855, when the republicans first carried New Hamp-
shire, you became State Reporter. You were State
Printer from time to time, and at last went Minister to
Switzerland, when by living meanly and in a manner di
creditable to an American Minister, while drawing your
salary of seven thousand five hundred dollars in gold on
the pretence that you were spending it for the expenses
of your mission, and to maintain the dignity of your
position, converting two-thirds of it into greenbacks;
thereby doubling it, and investing it in untaxable bonds,
how worth more than par, you amassed a fortune of
forty ob fifty thousand dollars, while those at home
were fighting the severest political and military contests
tbe country ever knew; the soldier receiving for his
valor and services, thirteen dollars a month in Greenbacks.
.....Immediately on your return from Switzerland, you
solicited employment' from the President and the Secre *
tary of the Treasury, as a special agent of the department
in Europe. You received employment as a cotton lawyer in
New Orleans from the department, receiving six thousand
dollars for two months time and opportunities.You
aided in procuring from Andrew Johnson, the appoint-
ment of Hon. Daniel Clark as District Judge for New
Hampshire, by representing, among other things, that
Gov. Smyth would appoint you to fill out Mr. Clark's
term in the Senate, and that you would go into the
Senate opposed to impeachment, and os his (the .President's)
personal friend....You continued your personal rela-
tions with the president and his family even down to
the vote of Articles of Impeachment, so that your name
was mentioned for various important offices within his
gift; and as late as January, 1868, within one month before
Articles of Impeachment were voted, you had a privat


409
l; StwliUivii*
interview with the President at the White House, and
during that visit to Washington, you solicited, and
PROCURED TO BE SOLICITED FOR YOU, THE OFFICE OF AS-
SISTANT Treasurer of the United States at Boston.
And a great deal more of the same sort. It
seems most unfortunate when such honest men
fall out. They find it hard afterwards to let each
other alone, and the world will form unfavorable
opinions of one, if not both of them. In this
instance, both have been almost constantly in
office, and, as is well known in New Hampshire
and in Washington, by mutually aiding each
other before their disagreements. We should
not have made so much account of these revela-
tions but for the fact that both parties have
been high officials, and their work wholesale in
its extent ks well as criminality. For instance,
Chandler charges Fogg with surrendering, as
cotton lawyer in New Orleans, in two months,
nine thousand six hundred and sixty-five bales
of cotton to private claimants ; being every bale
under seizure at the time except twelve, for
which no claimant appeared! Chandler's con-
nection with the Treasury department at the
time doubtless enables him to speak with con-
fidence; on the subject. And his use of the
words job, steal, bribery, corruption,
and their like, in the same connection are won-
drously significant. But lest we weary our
readers, we close by lamenting once more that
these honest patriots ever fell out by the way.
p. p.
JUDGE CEASE AS PRESIDENTIAL
CANDIDATE.
The Boston Commonwealth dares be honest to
Judge Chase as to his fitness for President
of the United States. It says his age, experi-
ence, talents and commanding person all favor-
ably attract attention to him as one of the few
surviving statesmen who would adorn the great
office, and to whom the office would naturally,
seem to belong. And the same authority adds,
that he is of unimpeachable personal character,
stands high in the wide-spreading and influ-
ential religious denomination to which he be-
longs, with an unquestioned belief in equal
rights for all the world; and in a word, it
closes the description with the declaration that
he has elements of strength possessed by few
of the public men of the day, and which any
party might be proud to recognize as belong-
ing to a conspicuous member.
All of 'which being eminently true, what
shall be thought of a party that deliberately,
arid without provocation, sacrifices such a man
as its candidate, and substitutes one whose
profoundest admirer never claimed for him in
any but a moderate degree a single one of the
many superior excellencies ascribed to Judge
Chase? There is a .work'in hand requiring
precisely the talent, in kind and degree, attri-
buted by the Commonwealth to him ; and until
the voice of the people began to be heavd in
tones of rebuke that this work' was not more
rapidly and effectively done by the party in
power, Gen. Grant was not seriously thought of
as the Presidential candidate. The elections
last autumn stunned the republicans- into ap-
prehensions of danger, and from that time only
availability has been considered. And no honest
man will pretend that Gen. Grants nomina-
tion has any other basis. New Hampshire re-
publicans first blew the trumpet, as a stale, at
their Convention to nominate their governor,
though it was both a faint and uncertain sound,
disturbing a good deal the harmony of the
party Uiotherhood. But from that time the
danger has been thickening, and the popularity
ofvGrant has increased in proportion! Spthat
really, the more need there is of the superior
ability of a statesman for President, the more
the party have been and are determined to have
one who is no statesman. Should the demo-
crats gain the Presidential victory, and all the
dreaded and predicted evils follow with which
republicans are endeavoring to frighten the
people, the party must blame only themselves.
And that the democratic leaders, northern and
southern, are bad enough to restore slavery,,-re-
pudiate the national debt, and desolate the
oountry with another war, this editor neither
doubts nor denies.
The Boston Traveller begins on the Chief-Jus-
tice differently, intimating that when he heard of
Grants nomination he was amiable as a sore-
beaded bear off his feed; was sad, sour,
sore, sulky and silent. He said he didnt like
what was done at Chicago in groaning,
grouty, growling and grumbling style. But
the Traveller adds with its characteristic mag-
nanimity, There is one thing which must, in
common fairness, be said in behalf of the vener-
able Judge, and that is, that he does not mean
to make any sacrifice of principle to get a
nomination for the Presidency. Is that the
reason the republicans wouldnfc have him?
If the democratic party put him up, the
IraveUer continues, it must be because they
have come over to him, and not because
of his having gone over to them ; a fact most
creditable to him, showing that though be is
ambitious, he is not unprincipled.
Such tributes to Judge Chases integrity from
republican sources are truly most honorable to
him, but a sad commentary on the character of
$he party itself. Without reflecting the least
disrespect on Gen. Grant, indeed awarding him
all the few merits his party ascribe to him, there
is still margin enough left to write of the Chief-
Justice, that, taking him at republican estimate,
his rejection for the military chief, at a time like
the present, is an act of recklessness and des-
peration that fortunately for the good of man-
kind has few parallels in history. r. p.
SHAMEFUL CORRUPTION.
The Springfield Republican says it has come
to be useless for any honestman-to try to get an
honest measure through the legislature of that
state. It says the Lobby not only controls the
legislation, but, taking time by the forelock, it
provides as far as possible that only such as it
can manage shall be elected. The lobbyists
openly boast that there has not been a conven-
tion in the state for ten years that they have
not controlled. Such, it adds, is the dis-
honorable position of our Massachusetts poli-
tics to-day. And the most careful observation
and reading convince us that there is but little
difference in this respect among all the states,
while Washington and Congress overtop them
all. Revolutions are the thunder-storms which
purify the moral atmosphere of such corrup-
tions. Why may not High Art slavery of white
men cause war, as well as of black ?
California. This last month brings us one
hundred subscribers from California, with such
letters of regard and appreciation as make our
heart leap with joy. 'While supercilious critics,
for reasons of their own, are trying in public
and private to belie us and undermine our influ-
ence, the heart of the people promptly respond
to our most radical utterances. -
NEW EAMPSEIRE CONVENTION 0 F
UNIVERSALISTS.
This association held its annual gathering last
week in Weare. The attendance might be called
large, inasmuch as every one of its acting auxil-
iary bodies was represented. But in all the
State, there appeared to be only seven societies
with a settled pastor. The proceedings were very
harmonious until the disturber oi all association
appeared, the question of Radical and Conserva-
tive. For happily, the genius of progress reaches
the church as well as the state, and no demonina-
tion is too small or too heterodox to escape its
pervasion. The church dreads all innovation,
and erects all kinds of dikes and dams (word of
two spellings) against it. Andover Theological
Seminary has a creed of several pages, covering
the whole of Calvinism as it came down from
the darker ages, including these, with other like
terrible utterances;
I believe the wicked will awake to shame and everlast-
ing contempt, and with devils, be plunged into the lake
that bumeth with fire and brimstone forever and ver 1
And that there shall be no variableness or
shadow of turning in points of doctrine, the fol-
lowing is expressly provided:
The preceding declaration 6hall be repeated by every
Professor in this Seminary, in the presence of the Trus-
tees at the expiration, of every successive period of Jive years;
and no man shall be continued as President or Professor
in this Institution, who shall not continuo to approve
himselt to the satisfaction of the Trustees, a man of
sound and orthodox principles in Divinity, agreoabl) to
the system of evangelical doctrines contained in the
Westminster Shorter Catechism, aud more concisely de-
lineated in the aforesaid Creed.
At the inauguration of these officers, it is re-
quired that they make and publicly sub-
cribe the whole of this Declaration of Faith.
And then, five years is all that it is believed
the soundest of them can be safely trusted with -
out solemn renewal of the obligation.
The Universalists are becoming equally vigi-
lant in guarding their theological portals. And
the angels of the Seven Churches in New
Hampshire made haste at the Weare meeting
to set limits to the spirit of inquiry and tolera-
tion, though the conservative element prevailed
by only a single vote. Had the sense of the very
large and intelligent audience present been
taken, instead of tbe dozen delegates who
alone had constitutional right to vote, the result
would have been greatly in the opposite direc-
tion.
But what would most have interested the
readers of The Revolution, was the adoption,
by unanimous vote, of the following excellent re-
solution, on the Rights of Wo man :
Resolved, That wo regard with satisfaction, the pro-
gress of our denomination in tbe elevation of woman. We
congratulate her on her entrance to tbe pulpit, and more
especially on the success which already attends her
labors as a minister of tho Gospel. We rejoioe that so
many collegiate and theological institutions are now.
open for her admission ; and we trust the day is not
distant, when all the learning, the laws, and religion of
the land shall be hallowed by her influence; and when
the polls as well as tbe pulpit shall be sanctified and puri-
fied by her presence, and all human rights, privileges,
and immunities be accorded to ber as the equal of man.
The whole house echoed the voice of the dele-
gates on this question in an unmistakable man-
ner. The Universalists have already a number
of able and excellent women as ministers, who
are becoming both pillars and ornaments to
the denomination; aud some* if not all, of
their theological seminaries admit them as'
pupils. Most of their journals, too, favor
Womans Suffrage, and will greet the Weare
Resolution with great joy._^ The people are


410
ahead of their pulpits in toleration and charity,
and every year they are more and more boldly
asserting their rights, a consummation devoutly
to be wished in every religious organization.
p. p.
HON. MB. ASHLEY, OF ORIO. ,
One of the ablest speeches that has been de-
livered this session in Congress, was given on
the 1st of June, by Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, on so
amending the Constitution as to abolish the
office of Vice-President, Presidential electors,
and our whole system of caucuses and conven-
tions. No one can read this speech without see-
ing that the office of Vice-President is clearly
useless, and has alreadyin several cases proved
a most dangerous one. He shows the necessity
of recognizing the right of the whole people to
a voice in the election of their Chief Magistrate,
for only by a faithful discharge of individual
duties, can free institutions be maintained. He
clearly points out the abuses of our present sys-
tem of electors, caucuses and conventions, in
placing the government in the hands of a few
political tricksters, who use its power wholly for
personal aggradizement. '
And he suggests the remedy for all these evils
in the awaking of every citizen to the fact, that
in a republic, each man has a duty to perform
iu the organization and administration of the
.government. When the right of the people
to choose their officers, from a sheriff to a
President, is a fact, and not, as now, a fic-
tion, we shall have our best men in public
places. It is the interest of the many to have
wise rulers ; but it is the interest of the few to
have cunning men in authority, those who are
available for party and personal purposes*
Hence, every step we take towards the diffusion
of power, is a step towards virtue, safety and
strength. In demanding citizen suffrage (not
male or female?) and declaring that it is
the duty of Congress to secure it in every
state of the Union, Mr. Ashley points his
party to the first step in reconstruction, for
it is futile to talk of forcing on the South a
higher civilization than we recognize at home*
A drunken man 'cannot preach temperance.
Example is better than precept. When we de-
mand the enfranchisement of black men in the
'Southern states, let us secure this right to them
in Ohio and New York. We wish this speech
could be placed in the hands of every man and
woman in the country. It is a plain, common
sense statement of the reforms we need to-day
in our system of elections, and the necessary
amendments to our Constitution. We have room
only for a brief extract of what we consider the
most important part of the speech, that which
relates to the inalienable right of every citizen
in a republic :
I want citizenship and suffrage to be synonymous.
To put the question beyond the power of states to with-
hold it, I now propose the amendment to article fourteen,
now submitted.
A large number of republicans who concede that the
qualifications oi an elector ought to be the same in every
state, and it is more properly a national than a state
question, do not believe Congress has the power under
our present constitution to enact a law conferring suf-
frage in the states, nevertheless they are ready and will-
ing to vote for such an amendment to the constitution
as shall make citizenship and suffrage uniform through-
out the nation.
For this purpose I have added to the proposed amend-
ment for the election of President a section on suffrage,
to which I invite special attention.
This is the third or fourth time 1 have brought forward
a proposition on suffrage substantially like the one just
presented to the House, Ido so again because I believ*

the question of citizenship suffrage a question which
ought to be met and settled now. Important and all-ab-
sorbing ds many questions are which now press them-
selves upon our consideration, to me no question is so
vitally important as this. Tariffs, taxation, and finance
ought not to be permitted to supersede a question affect-
ing the peace and personal security of every citizen,
and, 1 may add, the peace and security of the nation.
No party can be justified in withholding the ballot
from any citizen of mature years, native or foreign born,
except such as are non compos or are guilty of infamous
crimes ; nor can they justly confer this great privilege
upon one class of citizens to the exclusion of another class
simply because one is white and the other black.
True democracy pleads for the equal rights of all men
before the law. It demands the ballot for every man,
because, under a government such as ours, the ballot
is the poor mans weapon of protection and defense. It
gives him dignity and power ; itrecognizes his manhood
and secures him justice ; it makes the government his
agent instead of his master. We all know from ex-
perience something of the educational influence and self-
protecting power of the ballot.
It quickens and expands the thoughts of men and en-
ables them the better to comprehend their own interests
and the higher andmore important interests of the state.
To secure this self-educating, self-protecting power to
all, I again press upon your consideration this amend-
ment. Its adoption will make the national Constitution
what it ought to be, the shield of every citizen, so that no
state may. ever again deprive him, without just cause, of
this highest privilege of American citizenship : so that
hereafter, if a citizen remove from one state into another,
he shall not on that account be deprived by state law of
the ballotand be treated in his own oountry as an alien.
Pass this amendment and we shall conform our na-
tional Constitution to our new condition as a naiion. We
will thereby place in the hands of each citizen a new
power for its preservation, so that we shall become, in
fact, one people, living under a common constitution,
which is the outgrowth of civilization, experience, and
necessity; a constitution which recognizes justice as the
supreme law and reflects the convictions and aspirations
of a free and united people. To this proposition, so
long cherished and believed by me to be for the best in-
terest of my country, I invoke the considerate judgment
of all men and au impartial verdict at the bar of public
opinion.
LOSE OR WIN?
TO TEra DEMOCRATIC PARTY, AND THE FOURTH OF
JULY..
In the quadrennial fight for the presidency
there are always two features. A cause and a
candidate ; something to fight for and a man to
represent it.
To make a strong fight, there should be a
staunch platform and a popular candidate, but
particularly a staunch platform. This, however,
to be substantial and successfully resist the on-
slaught of the enemy, must be braced by the con-
sistent record of the party.
An extraordinary opportunity -is now pre-
sented to the Democratic party to achieve a
glorious victory, if it will only be wise in time
and true to itself.-"
Will the party prove true io^its qreat record?
Does it realize that it is the party that by
Thomas Jefferson lathered the Declaration of In-
dependence- The party that by General Jackson
swore,1 The union must and shall be preserved.
The first political party, any part of which took
square ground against slavery, by nominating
and voting for a presidential candidate on that
issue ? The party that extended the right of
suffrage both by convention and in Assembly in
the State of New York, also inMaiue, Ohio, and
Tennessee. Always in the past the party of
progress, is it possible (hat that party will go
back on itself?
As regards the opposition of the parly to the
late war, an impartial observer will not fail to
give due credit to the sentiment which was the
foundation of most of said opposition, viz : that
the people of the South had a right to say how
they shouid be governed. Horace Greeley took
the same ground, the only difference between
him and it, being in what each considered, ((ihe
people. Logically, the opposition to the late
war was consistent; practically, it was a great
mistake, as was also the cry against emancipa-
tion ; but what party has not made mistakes.
The course of the party during the war, was
really a digression from the straight path of its
previous history. In all fprmer times it has been,
according to its own views, the party of Liberty.
Does the party now intend to stultify itself and
go back on its own great record, fly in the face
of fate, curse God and die? We will not speak
for individuals.
The fools are not all dead yet; but it is not
possible that the democratic party proposes to
repeat their folly at New York, and declare the
Union of 1868 a farce, as they declared the war* in
1864 a failure ; that declaration proved a failure ;
and surely the party will not pursue a policy
that will make another lost cause inevitable.
Does the democratic party indeed intend to
lose? Then let it resurrect the fossilized re-
mains of Pendleton, Parker, and Pierce, and
following the fortunes of Pomeroy the fanatic,
hang all the maimed soldiers!
Will the party ignore the age ? Let the Pip
Van Winkles defy.the Nineteenth Century, and,
going backward instead of forward, reopen the
question of man vs. negro,follow Doolittle the
dunce in the anatomical style of campaign he
has already inaugurated ; import a live gorilla,
and with Du Chaillu as lecturer, illustrate the
African by the monkey as a manikin, introduc-
ing skulls, skin, and shin-bohes,and insisting
on the measurement of the length of heel as a
voting qualification. Tut, tut. No, no. This
is night-mare ; the ugly dream of a bad diges-
tion. Wake up! oh, democratic party. This
is not the year of the world 1650, when Canaan
was cursed !
It is not the deluge that has just passed over*
but the convulsion of emancipation. It is not
Noah who has escaped being drowned; only
Andrew Johnson who has escaped impeachment.
Bless your old heart, this is the Christian era :
year of graoe, 1868. Old things have pass ed
away, and all things have become new ; new
times, new thoughts, new measures, new men.
The world revolves from west to eastevery
mornings sunshines on a new day,and unless
you can reproduce old Joshua and repeat Gibeon,
you must accept the established order of things /
Negro slavery is abolished, the Liberator re-
tires, and The Revolutionadvances! This
is the year 1868,time, presidential campaign ^
the nominee and sole dependence of the repub-
lican party is Gen. Grant; and that party holds
its breath while you decide on your course. Wide
awake, now! Are you going in to win ? The
republican strength and trust is their man. Let
your strength be your cause.
A cause now calls for a conquering ally. It is
tbe voice of humanity! No matter though it
have suffered ridicule,it has 'imperishable
vitality.
Truth crushed to earth will rise again ;
The eternal years of God are hers!
Declare, then, for the cause of humanity. A
cause overflowing with life; one that will awake
enthusiasm unbounded; that will win heroes
for adherents ; that will be invincible! Such a
cause now calls for conquering allies. Tbe call
is trumpet-toned and resounds throughout two
hemispheres; it is the voice of humanity!
and the voice of humanity is the voice of
Deity 1 He that hath ears to hear let him hear!
j, h. s.



WASHINGTON LETTER.
Washin.'JtoN, D.'-C., Juno 23d, 1868.
Congeess has recently passed a bill authorizing the
payment of salary due Mrs. Ell^ E. Hobart, for services
as Chaplain in the Union Army during the war, the
salary to be the same as that received by men who filled
similar positions. Mrs. Hobart was a Chaplain in the 1st
Wisconsin Volunteer Artillery. The Governor of Wiscon
sin declined to commission her until the War Department
should consent to recognize the validity of the commis-
sion. This, Mr. Stanton refused to do, on account of the
sex of the applicant, although her application was en-
dorsed by President Lincoln. Sbe has consequently
been unable to obtain pay for her services hitherto.
Especial credit is due Hon. Benjamin M. Boyer, of Penn-
sylvania, for the decision ^whioh at last enables her to
draw her pay. Mr. Boyer is a member of the Committee
on Military Affairs, to which the bill was referred ; he in-
vestigated the subject, collected the .facts together, and
recommended the committee to report favorably on the
bill.
The much talked of 20 per cent, bill, as amended by
Hod. Thaddeus Stevens, pf Pennslyvania, and Hon. W.
S. Lincoln, of New York, so as to include the women of
the departments in its provisions, pissed the House last
week, but through the influence and efforts of Mr.
Bingham, Mr. Butler; and a few others, it was recon-
sidered a few days after, and consigned to the table. It
is evident that Mr. Butlers chief objection to the bill,
consists in the faot, that it includes both male and female
olorks. In a speech on an entirely different subject after
the bill bad passed, Mr. Butler went out of his way to
state, with slangy malignity, that vihilo the extra com-
pensation-bill was under discussion, some of the clerks,
both male aiid 1omale, were in the galleries watch-
ing their men. If they had been watching him, he
would not, probably, have complained ; but he is hardly
the style of man that any woman of taste would care to
watch from Ihe galleries or any other place. Perhaps
thats whats the matter. This man ought to take up
his residence in some obscure comer of China, or Turkey,
where women never appear in public. The United States
of America is no flt place for such a man to live in, to say
nothing of his being a representative of the people. It is
a foot, acknowledged with sorrow among the people of
this country, that their representatives need watch,
ing, and both, men and women are considered to have a
perfect right posed that the galleries are there for that especial pur-
pose. When a fair share of the seats on the floor of the
House and the Senate are occupied by women, as repre"
sentatives of the people, it is hoped that Congressmen
and Senators will not need so much watching as they
do now.
But, seriously, how dare this man slur the women of
the Department, who are, many of them, infinitely above
him, not only in moral character, hut in the higher order
of intellect? If a few unworthy women have been ap-
pointed through the influence of certain Senators and
Representatives of this mans low moral status, are the
majority of women-clerks to he despised, jeered, and
scoffed at for this ? Whaf right would I have to cast a
slur upon Mr. Butlers wife or daughter, because they
have associated with him, perhaps necessarily, for so
many years ?
Hon. Lewis Selye, one of the peoples representatives
from New York State, a rich old whiskey sop, said to
have made a pile of money, half a millien or more in
the liquor traffic, is another inveterate opponent of the
proposition to increase the pay of the women clerks.
This man dares to rep'eat plainly on all possible occa-
sions the infamous slanders of the women clerks which
Butler only hints at. When the twenty per cent, bill
was amended, so as to include the women in the De-
partments, he commenced working with all his might
against it. He has been heard on many occasions, and
once on the floor of Congress in conversation with a
number of other members, to denounce the women in
the Departments, as a class, in the most infamous terms,
and in language which cannot be repeated in the col-
umns of The Revolution. A number of times he
has beeij heard to say, that if he had his way every wo-
man should be turned out of the Departments on short
-notice. Such men cannot endure the thought of women
being employed in labor that is in any degree remuner-
ative. They understand very well the fact that it is the
shamefully low rate of wages a womans work commands
which causes the abodes of infamy, diseaso and death
throughout our land to be replenished. It is safe to dis-
trust the morals of mon whom you hear speaking
against womans right to equal pay with man for equal
work, or denouncing the women in government depart-
ments as immoral, or opposing the employment of wo-
man in government departments.
It is an acknowledged fact that Mr. William E. Chand-
ler, formerly Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, was
always opposed to the employment of women in the De-
partments. His friends do not deny that this is true,
but they offer various stupid reasons or excuses lor the
fact. ,
There are women in this city who could explain
the motives which animated this m%n better than his
friends; poor women who sought employment in the
Treasury Department when he was in power there.
Poor enough these women were, and needing employ-
ment, God only knows how much ; but they refused to
pay the pi'ice demanded of them, and they were not ap-
pointed. Particular msUmces might be mentioned, and
fact? proved, but women arc not willing to have their
sorrows and degradations dragged before tbe public.
Tor every woman feels degraded and debased by the
fact of a man having dared to propose to her dishonor-
able bargains.
These suggestions may furnish Mr. Chandler with
subject matter for another pamphlet. Your readers may
not be aware that he has written and printed a pamphlet
for the purpose of denying the charges made against
him by the'Independent Democrat, of Concord, N. H-.,
the principal paper of Uis own party in that state, which
expose, by the way, was. reprinted in a late number of
The Revolution. The style of argument pursued
in this pamphlet, moreover, is precisely that which will
suit the subject I havesuggested; for Mr. Chandler, in
replying to the attack of the Independent, Democrat,
adopts' the tactics usually pursued by children, and
some ill-natured lords of creation say, by women, too.
He does not attempt to disprove the charges preferred
against himself, but endeavor? to establish the fact that
!ais opponent has been just as criminal as he.
If calling attention to filth on the garments of others
would whiten his own, he would, doubtless, stand forth
clothed in robes of angelic purity; for it is well known
that many other men oi power and influence in depart-
ments have used, and are still using, their power and
ifcheir influence in the attempt to debase women who
Ar.ve desired appointments.
In view of this fearful state of affairs, and as our only
hope of a remedy, we are waiting and praying for the
passage of Mr. Jenckess Civil Service bill, providing,
among other things, for open, competitive examinations
of candidates for office, and for promotions from a lower
to a higher grade of clerkship on account of merit.
. There can be little doubt that thepassage of this bill
would secure, as is intended, a radical reform, in the
manner of appointing government officers.**
Julia. Archibald Holmes.
A VOICE FROM TENNESSEE.
Nashville, Tenn., June 20th, 1868.
Susan B. Anthony : I received two copies of The
Revolution soon after writing my letter to you for a
copy. I am very much pleased with its beautiful ap-
pearance, and still mere with Its ability as a reform jour-
nal. I am happily disappointed to find what I expected
to be a journal advocating but little more than Womans
Rights, one of the most liberal and comprehensive re-
form journals the country affords. I find in examining
its platform of principles, it almost fully agrees with the
platform of the National Labor Reform Party, which was
adopted at Chicago, August, 1867, except perhaps on
Woman Suffrage, which, I dont think, was called to their
attention at the Labor Congress. I shall, however, as a
member of that party (now organizing) insist that this
plank be incorporated, in justice to American women.
I amglad you are not entrammelled by any of the existing
political parties, and I hope you will deem it best to join
with the workingmen of the'country in forming a new
party which will look to the interests of the masses of
the people, instead of earnestly intriguing for the pur-
pose of exalting the few. The first step I know of hav-
ing been taken for the advance of woman in Tennessee,
politically, was taken in the Workingmens Union at our
last meeting. I made a motion to so amend our consti-
tution as to admit women to membership, Mhich I de-
fended with a few remarks, alter which the amendment
was unanimously adopted, th ereby helping and encour-
aging women to organize, which is their only hope, for
in union there is strength.
Wishing you a bountiful success, I am, respectfully,
H. N. Crameb.
A London lady of title advertises to give $500 a
year to any one who will take care of a favorite spaniel
while she goes abroad. A family where there are no
children or other animals preferred*
411
FREE 1RADE.
All depends on definitions. Free trade may be a very
good or a very bad thing. Free trade, like free speech,
free labor, free men and free women, is one of the at-
tributes of the Divine Social Order, but is not possible,
in its best sense, in our form of so-called civilization.
Much may be known of a man by the company he keeps.
What is called free trade, has been advocated in thi9
country mainly by the democrats, although when in
power they have never dared to establiehnay thing but the
swindle of a tariff for revenue, a contrivance thatbas
all the evils of a protective tariff and none of its benefits.
It is to tbe democrats, also, that we owe the first attempt
at protection, but it was protection not of labor or labor-
ers, but of the Southern slaveholder in the raising of cot.
ton and the enslaving of his fellow-men, who had the
misfortune to be black and weak. No party has ever
been base enough to bid so high for the votes of theso
who claimed that capital rightfully owned the laborer, as-
that which advocates a pretended free trade, that party
which is actually leucocracy while it is nominally de-
mocracy.
Is it not prima fade evidence against this pretence
called free trade, that it should have such advocates ? It
has its most earnest supporters among importers of for-
eign goods, especially among foreign agents, who, by a
knack they have with the Custom House, control the im-
portations, as against those who honestly pay the duties.
What such people mean by free trade, is freedom to buy
my labor at the lowest starvation price, and t o sell its
products at the highest swindling price. Tho problom of
free trade will solve itself when tbe laborer is free Co
possess the product of his labor.
Apply justice to the production and possession of
property, and its exchange will speedily arrange itself.
Free the laborer from the domination of capital by making
him the owner of tho capital he produces, and you have
the conditions which make genuine free trade possible.
F. S. 0.
ACCEPT THE RIGHT MAH, WHICHEVER
PARTY HOMIHATES HIM!
This clamor against the Chief-Justice was not, as is
pretended, occasioned by his conduct in the Impeach-
ment trial. That this conduct was wise and impartial,
scarcely one intelligent man can doubt. This clamor
proceeded from the purpose of preventing his nomina-
tion to the Presidency. It is said that he desires to bo
President. But a desire for this high office is not
necessarily, culpable. Instead of being prompted in all in-
stances by selfishness, it may in some instances be born
of a high patriotism and a disinterested philanthropy.
For one I should rejoice to see tbe Chief-Justice in the
Presidency; and I say this, after a-many-years iatirfiate
acquaintance with himafter much persona) observa-
tion of the workings of his head and heart.' I, however,
expect to vote for Grant and Colfax. I like them both ;
and, in the main, I like the platform on which they
stand. Nevertheless, if contrary to my expectations,
the democrats shall have the wisdom to nominate tbe
Chief-Justice, and along with him a gentleman of similar
views and spirita gentleman honest both toward the
nations creditors and toward the negroI shall prefer
to vote for the democratic candidates. And why, in the
case of such nomination by the democrats, should not
every republican he willing, nay glad, to sustain the nom-
ination? If the democrats, at last sick and ashamed, as
I have no doubt ten? of thousands of them are, of minis-
tering to the mean spirit of casteprating for a white
mans government, and defying the sentiment of tho
civilized worldshall give up their nonsense and wicked-
ness, and nominate for office such men as republicans
have been eager to honorbow wanting in magnanimity
and in devotion to truth, and bow enslaved to party,
would reoublicans show themselves to be, were they
not to welcome this overture, and generously respond to
these concessions !Gerril Smith.
Tennessee Manual Labor University.The
Secretary of this school visits this city in behalf
of the above Institution, to secure means to en-
able the Incorporators to erect suitable build-
ings for the instruction of youth of both sexes,
intellectually, and in the industrial arts. One
person has donated one-half of a Brick Machine,
which is five hundred dollars, blit five hundred
more arc wanted to secure it for them. It' five
or ten liberal persons *would respond to their


/
412

aid and clear it fully, it would give am impetus
to the enterprise that would enable them to
begin the construction of their permanent build-
ing. The Secretary hopes to have an immediate
response irom the friends of the Freedmen and
women. The school has the endorsement of
Gov. Brownlow, and others, prominent men of
the state. The Agent, Samuel Lowrey, is stop-
ping at No. 211 West 15th Street, between 7th
and 8th Avenues.
MEANING OF TEE CHASE MOVEMENT.
From the Baltimore Peoples Weekly.
On Broad, street, N. Y., a few days since, we
met an acquaintance, whom we will call A., an
able political and financial writer, thoroughly
posted as to New York politics, and withal a
cynic. We asked him what was the meaning of
the Chase movement ? He said that a noted New
York politician, B., accustomed to consult him
on political affairs, called to discuss the situa-
tion. A. said : These Grant fellows are going
in for a big steal. Their ring is made up,
and they wont let you and your crowd in. Now
you waiit to steal too.
Pretty strong and plain language that,
said B.
Well, replied A., we are here all alone.
Nobody hears us. We might as well call things
by their right names. No offence meant, and
none should be taken. So I repeat your crowd
want to steal as badly as Grants fellows. They
wont let you in with them. Then what re-
mains. Pendleton is a virtuous cuss ; boasts of
his descent from the pure patriots of 1776 ; im-
agines that it has fallen to his lot to keep up the
family reputation for virtue, and purity, and
patriotism. So he wont trade, and there will
be no chance for good stealings with him. But
there is Chase. He is your man.
B. mused awhile, took up his hat and put it
on like a thinking cap. He has ever since been
pushing hard for Chase ; and this, our cynical
friend says, is the true explanation of the Chase
movement.
" LL_
INTERESTS INVOLVED IN TEE PRESI-
DEN1IAL CONTEST
From the N. J. Patriot.
There are varied interests involved in the coming
contest, independent of those of a political character,
vital as these may be. It is evident that the Radicals are
pandering to the wealth of the country, as a means cf
securing the siuews of war,* for they depend upon
the free use of money as the most potent weapon they
can use. To this end was Gen. Grant nominated in re-
sponse to the circular issued by Stewart, Aetor, and the
miQiopaires of New York, backed by the Wall street gold
gamblers.
Now while we are opposed to making any war upon
the capital of the nation, or to exciting prejudices against
rich and poor, justice demands that the labor of the
country should be represented by tbe democracy as well
as capital. The radicals assume the position of foster
parent toward the latter, then why should not the de-
mocracy stand in the same relation toward the former,
now, as in the past ? The rank and file of the toilers are
with us, and it is our duty to make it apparent that every
man who works should act and vote with a party that
has never ignored their claims, or disputed their right
to assess a fair days wages for a fair days work.
The shortest way, in our opinion, is to have on our
ticket for the Vice-Presidency, some known defender of
the industrial interests of the country. Such a step
would prove that we are in earnest, and as willing to act
as to talk. In this connection, we alluded, a few weeks
since, to Gen. Cary, of Ohio, who was elected to Congress
by tne workingmen of Cincinnati, with the endorsement
of the democracy, although be had previously been a
republican. Since tbat we have heard the name of Mr.
Wm. H.JSylvie, President of the Iron Holders Interna-
tional Trades Union.spoken. The latter gentleman
we know to be familiar with every phase of the financial
question, a ready writer and speaker, and on questions of
political economy, may be regarded as the John Bright
of America. We say this much of Mr. Sylvis, without
taking back one word we said in favor of Gen. Cary.
Here are two gentlemen to choose from, both of whom
possess all the ability essential to the position, and both
of whom retain the esteem and confidence of every
toiler in tbe land, and more especially are they so re-
garded by every Trades Union co-operative society and
labor organization in the country.
TREASURY NOTES.
From the Baltimore Peoples Weekly.
Calhoun, in his speech on the Independent Treasury
bill, 16th January, 1810, tells what be saw in the war
1812. He saw men making loans to government and
shoving the people 20 per cent, in the operation ; that is,
for every $80 borrowed the government gave them $100.
in a bond bearing 6 per cent, interest, which be be-
lieved to be in reality, little better than a fraud on the
community. He adds:
Still worse ; I saw the government, with the view of
conciliating these men who were fleecing the commu-
nity, permit them to discredit its own paper by refusing
to receive its Treasury notes at par..
And all those men, who could be satisfied with only
20 per cent., are dead, with perhaps the solitary excep-
tion of Melton Boss, who may be seen at Holiday street
Theatre whenever the Ticket-of-Leave Man makes
his appearance. The other survivors are not satisfied
with more than 100 per cent. But they are philanthropic
gentlemen, and in their concern for the honor and good
faith of the people of the United States, they propose to
take charg^of that great democratic p^rty of which we
have all heard so much, organize its caucus, control its
nominations and manage its concerns generally. The
People, in their primary assemblages, have nominated
Pendleton as the Peoples candidate for the Presidency,
because he insists on these men receiving the Peoples
money, Treasury notes, at par. The Bondholders object
to that, and are therefore organizing for a caucus nomina
tion whereby to defeat the Peoples choice, discredit the
Peoples paper, and repudiate tbe People's money. They
want their pound of flesh, and they want it in gold
and silver.
They are, therefore, flooding the mails with letters to
the Soathem Delegates to the Fourth of July Conven-
tion, urging all sorts of reasons why the democratic'
party should rejeot tbe Peoples nominee, and why the
South should unite with the East against the 'West,
where, they assert, Pendletons chief strength lies.
GREELEYISMS.
The self-styled conservatives of that country
(France) still blindly, obstinately cling to every vener-
able abuse, to each moss-grown iniquity, each barnacled
oppression, as though church and state would tumble
into chaos if it were given up.Horace Greeley, Inde-
pendent, Sept., 1867.
We are satisfied that public sentiment does not de-
mand, and would not sustain, an innovation so revo-
lutionary and sweeping, so openly at war with a distri-
bution of duties and functions between the sexes as
venerable and pervading as government itself, and in-
volving transformations so radical in social and domes-
tic life.Horace Greeley, Chairman of Committee in Con-
stitutional Convention, 1867. *
Here is logic. There are some barnacled oppressions
which it will do to battle ; those across-the^ocean, for in-
stance, but not those at onr own door. But the more
moss-grown and venerable they are in iniqnity, the more
yon must let them alone. It would be impossible to find
an oppression more completely barnacled by eternal
ages, or by all the ages through which this green earth
has swung through space, than the oppression of wo-
men ; but we must let it severely alone.
More conlmonly they (opponents of woman suffrage)
merely echo the mobs shallow retort to the petition of
any strong-minded daughter or sister, who demands
that she be allowed a voice in disposing of the money
wrenched from her hard earnings by inexorable taxation,
or in shaping the laws by which she is ruled, judged,
and is liable to be sentenced to prison or death. It is a
womans business to obey her husband and nourish and
train his children. But when she answers, Very true;
but suppose I choose not to have a husband, or am not
chosen for a wifewhat then ? I am still subject to your
laws. Why am I not entitled, as a rational human being,
to a voice in shaping them ? I have physical needs, and.
must somehow earn a living. Why should I not be at
liberty to earn it in any honest mid useful calling ?
the inobs flout is hushed, and the legislator is struck
dumb, also. They were already at the end of their
scanty resources of logic, and it would be cruel for wo-
man to ask further : Suppose me a wife, and my hus-
band a drunken prodigal, what am I to do then ? May
I not earn food for my babes without being exposed to
have it snatched from their mouths to replenish the
rum-sellers till, and aggravate my husbands madness ?
If some sympathizing relative sees fit to leave me a be-
quest wherewith to keep my little ones together, why
may I not be legally enabled to secure this to their use
and benefit? In short, why am I not regarded by the
laws as a soul, responsible for my acts to God aud hu-
manity, and not as a mere body, devoted to the un-
reasoning service of my husband ? The state gives no
answer, and the champions of her policy evince wisdom
in imitating her silence.Horace Greeleys Introduction
to Margaret Fullers Woman in the Nineteenth Century.*
As to woman's voting, our judgment docs sot favor
it, because it would double the cost and trouble of elec-
tions to no purpose. Horace Greeley, Tribune, Aug. 22,
1866.
If any class is fit to be an element or substratum of
political power, then it is fit to vote. I cannot consent
tbat half the people of your state shall be good enough
to balance an equal number of white freemen in New
York, but not good enough to cast a vote. Itwillnotdo,
governor! be assured of it. There is no analogy in the
case of women and children. The husband and father
votes for his wife and children ; be considers their in-
terest the same as his: own ; his vote is representative,
paternal, comprehensive.Horace Greeleys Letter to
Governor Perry of South Carolina, May 1,1866.
This mode of voting works to a charm, Horace,so eco-
nomical. so comprehensive, so paternal, especially when
we take into consideration the fact that all women have
husbands and fathers, and that there is no rum-drinking,
no thieving, and no bad laws made by mascifline legis-
lation. That little allusion to this sort of thing in your
introduction to Margaret Fullers book was merely a
rhetorical flourish, a kind of graceful rounding out to
the periods. Besides, you might, at the time it wa6
written, have still been somewhat under Margaret's
magnetic influence. She exercised a wonderful charm,
you know, over all, women and men, who came within
reach of her magic wand ; and though you fortified
yourself by stem resolutions not to come under this in-
fluence not to show-a weakness so incompatible with
masculine dignity not to burn incense on any human
shrine, as you forcibly slated it, yet you did, in time,
have to yield a very little to the magicians spell. How-
ever, any little weakness, any little foolish notion, such
as the enfranchisement of women, which you acquired
from Margaret's teachings, hasJoDg since been bravely
overcome. Yon need no longer have any few of being
taunted as a champion of Womans-Bights. Should
such fears ever disturb you, you can at once attribute
them to their real causean overdose of bran bread and
oatsone oat too many, Horace, causing a vagary of the
imagination, or rather of the stomach. No man can
now stand up and charge you with wishing to treat wo-
man as a rational, human being, entitled to a voice in
shaping tbe laws by which she is governed as a soul,
responsible to God and humanity, and not as a mere
body, devoted to the unreasoning service of her hus-
band. Such a charge would be a foul calumny, and
'you would be fully justified in hurling at the offenders
head the epithet liar. No, these accusations can no
longer be laid at your door that mobs flout is
hushed let them have hereafter no occasion to revive
itdont go back to your first lovebut in legislative
ball or constitutional convention, should you be so for-
tunate as to be sent'to another, firmly resist all attempts
to bring women up from a state of subjection into
that of reasoning, responsible human beings ; keep
them quietly in that submissive position most pleas-
ing to men (I say men, for between you and me, Horace,
the part the Almighty has played in human govern-
ments has been infinitesimally email); let them con-
tinue to vote by proxybut never be puniehed by proxy
never be hong nor taxed by proxyand always let
them form one half the basis of representationfor this,
while giving no influence nor voice to women (which
would be all wrong and in direct opposition to the will of
man), swells the number of our masculine legislators and
thus ensures justice and harmony in the working of our
laws. And always when you speak of women, name tbe


413

children directly after themalways class women and
ohildren togetherit servos to blunt the edge of your
opponents weapons; besides your position will be legally
(and thus doubly) fortified in so doing, for the law, you
know, hgs always elapsed them togetherwomen, chil-
dren and idiotsa sort of triangle of imbecility. You see
how beautifully this whole system works, don't you,
- Horace ? It is run by masculine hands, and in mascu-
line interest entirelyneither God nor woman has any
part in it. And why should they have ? It would make
it very awkward and inconvenient, in many cases, io
bring them into the partnership. How long after their
admission would rum-drinking, and gambling dens, and
houses of prostitution continue?those institutions that
have always flourished so vigorously under the mascu-
line regime? To say nothing of other cities, our sena-
tors and representatives in Washington alone, would all
be clamorous for a return to the ancient regime. Such
unlimited freedom do they all enjoy, in these respects,
that the capitol of; the nation itself is fast becoming a
brothel. Early last spring, Judge H., of Connecticut,
went to Ohief-Justice Chase, and asked him why he
didn't use his influence to dean out the nest of a certain
government official who had had a bed-rocm nicely fitted
up in the capitol for the entertainment of his Dulcinea.
Oh," said the Chief-Justice, there is no use in stir-
ring him up ; he is'the best of all of themhe has only
one lewd woman, while the rest, senators and represen-
tatives, and other officials, have two, thre^and four, and
some of them half a dozen 1 "
Now,' if the seventeen millions of women in this coun-
try had the same power in the government that men
have, would they quietly submit to this condition of
things ? We cannot reasonably expect it. So if you
wish to maintain mens present glorious freedom from
restraintto preserve the present unruffled surface of
our political seado all you can to resist the introduction
of such an element of disqord as the vote of woman. Even
the debates bn the floor of Congress would have to be
modified if women were members of that body. The
Boston Post was wrong when it said, If the Globe
prints all the debates in the House'it will be indicted
under the statute against obscene publications," for it
will never be indicted for such things under masculine
legislationit probably would be under feminine. Why,
you couldnt find more genuine freedom of speech in
any pot-house in New York than is frequently witnessed
right on the floors of Congress. Didnt you read the ex-
hilarating debate between Donnelly and Washbume?
No better illustration could be afforded of the perfect'
freedom we enjoy under masculine rulefull liberty for
Members of Congress to bring-all their little personal
matters up and air them before the nation. And not
only that, they can appear there drunk or sober, as they
please. A large number of them are in the former con-
dition a good share of the time. To -be sure, this makes
it rather inconvenient when any important vote is to be
taken, for then the sober ones have to be set to watch the
inebriated ones, sometimes even having to lock them up
In their rooms, thus securing them for tbe important oc-
casionbut then the advantages of this unrestrained
freedom are greater than the disadvantages. Sometimes
they get so gloriously happy that they cut pigeon-wings
and pirouettes in very primitive garments before the as-
sembled guests in the dining-room3 of their hotels. A
few months since an MX. came out of the capitol and
got into a car in which I happened to be sitting. He had
to -be steadied up the steps, but when he had got in be
could stand alone by putting one hand against the side
of the car. Tobacco juice was running down the sides
of his mouth, and his nose needed wiping, whioh didnt
seem to disturb him much. He occasionally used his
coat sleeve, if it became too troublesome. He appeared
to be experimenting on the number of oaths he could
utter in a given time. When I left, the maximum was
about twenty-five a minute. Now what a fine illustration
of the freedom of our country t This man was fresh from
the councils of the nation. He was there every day in a
similar oondition, and others alsoand are now, but this
doesnt limit their freedom to come and go, and legislate
for the nation, and over all this, how fitting that the
Genius of Liberty shouldjrise to crown the.dome! True,
she is of the feminine gender, but that is the fault of an-
cient mythology whioh personified Liberty as a woman.
The emblem would certainly be more truthful and ap-
propriate to have a masculine Genius, with a woman sit-
ting at his feet. That would represent the true relatiou
of the sexes. Women are a subject classore totally un-
fit for libertyman never intended she should have it,
and it is the height of absurdity to personify it in her
formbut as the pagans have made this emblem a fix*
ture apparently for all time, we must submit to it.
Another bad result of womans obtaining a power in
the government would be a visible decrease in the popu
lation. Read the following telegraphic item that ap-
peared in the daily papers last January :
One thousand seven hundred and twenty-three in-
fants who had been thrown away by their parents were
picked up in the streets of New York last year, of which
number 749 now fill the childrens nurseries on Randalls
Island.
Should women get the reins into their own hands
would they be so simple as not to alter a state of things
that makes the production of bastards necessary to the
obtaining of daily bread? Would they not legislate
equal pay for equal work with men? Money is a mighty
power behind all thrones, domestic, as well as royal, and
when women have as much power in this direction as
men have, the latter will lose a powerful hold upon
them. Dont you see, Horace? I think you can discern
the sun at noon-day, even without the aid of your
glasses, as well as any other man. However, you prob-
ably dont need any strengthening in your present noble
positionthat of maintaining womankind under the
thumb of mankindbut the question is so important I
could not resist the temptation of saying a few words.
You have dealt this bad oause some splendid blows
within the past few years. You defeated it in Kansas.
A friend can always deal more powerful blowscan do-
far more injury than an enemyhe has a purchase
which an enemy can never obtainand as you had al-
ways been looked upon as a warm supporter of the
causeby earnestly advocating it in your paper during
the Kansas campaign, you would have carried along with
you all those classed who never have any opinions of
their own, but always look to certain journals, or leaders*
to manufacture them for them. Like a string of sheep,
they follow the leader wherever he may see fit to take
them. Fortunately, in this cause you valiantly pioneered
the way on the right track. - f. e. b.
Subely, woman never fulfills her true mission, or ful-
fills her true sphere, if not when, as wife and mother,
by her wise provision and rule she brings happiness to
her husband and household, and shapes the character
of her children to the highest ends of life. But woman,
mingling in the angry strife of politics, and dragging
her skirts in its polluting mire, is not consistent with
such a conception as this.If. J. Judiciary Committee.
Considering that Mrs. Dives Grundy, who is
clad in purple and fine linen (not to mention
silk, satin, and a hundred ornaments and
draperies which people. didnt know down in
Judee ), fares sumptuously every day, and
cries out loudest against women who leave
their sphere, drags her skirts through the pol-
luting mire of Broadway, while the advocates
of Womans Bights adopt the clean, economical,
short walking skirts, it is not easy to see the
propriety of the suggestion that they would
mire their skirts more in politjfs than in puddle.
J. K. H. Willcox.
Susan Anthony says woman is going ahead, All right;
ladies should not be compelled to go afoot.If. T.
Express.
We are notwe have taken the Train!
Medical Education fob Women.Ladies in-
terested in the medical education of women are
invited to attend a discussion Of the best me-
thod of instruction, at the New York Infirmary
for Women and Children, 126 Second Avenue,
on Friday, 3d.inst., at 3 p.m.
E. Blackwell, M.D.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At
laniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills, The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interest
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
NO. XXVI.
Talk among the Brokers In Wall Street,
The talk among the brokers is the audacity which the
bull cliques have run up their stocks from 15 to 25 per
cent, within the last sixty days, and that they have suc-
ceeded during the last fortnight in unloading quite hand-
somely at high prices on the street and outsiders. The
talk is that
HENRY KEEP
is a lucky dog, for he has got rjd of nearly all his
MICHIGAN SOUTHERN AND NORTH WEST COMMON,
and is in good trim and spirits for
SMASHING BOTH MICHIGAN SOUTHERN AND NORTH
WEST
common with sales short, which he will soon commence
to make. The talk is that the
KEEP PARTY
when they have unloaded, will take a short line and
BEAR MICHIGAN' SOUTHERN DOWN TO 60, AND NORTH
WEST COMMON TO 50.
The talk is that Henry Keep thinks this can be done
pretty soon, and on an easy money market it would
FRIGHTEN THE STREET
and outsiders into fits. The talk is that
RUFUS HATCH HAS BEEN STICKING
all his friends in the West and here, with
MICHIGAN SOUTHERN AND NORTH WEST
stocks on big yarns abont the great earnings of the roads
and what the clique was going to do with them, but
CHAPLAIN HATCH, THE RUEFUL,
forgot to remind his confiding friends, that last
NORTH WEST PREFERRED TUMBLED FROM 83 TO 56
within the space of a few days, and tbs enormous earn.
mgs that the
CHAPLAIN TALKS ABOUT
were going ahead all the same. Chaplain Hatch, the
Rueful, must take care that he dont stick his friends so
badly with
MICHIGAN SOUTHERN AND NORTH WEST,
unless
KEEP COMES DOWN
handsomely, because that will lead 'to a magnificent
scarcity of customers in the
RUEFUL CHAPLAINS
magnificent offices. The talk is that
TOBIN HAS GOT AN ELEPHANT
on his hands in
PACIFIC MAIL,
that he has run the price up so high, that he has tempted
the company to spare him kindly some of its reserved
stock, and that
TOBIN
has been made to buy when he wanted to sell, in order
to keep the price from breaking down.
The talk is that the
PRESIDENT OF PACIFIC MAIL
and his stock-jobbing friends are
* BEARS IN PACIFIC MAIL,
and that the company will be glad to
SELL ALL ITS RESERVED STOCK


414
91\t fjUvoItttio#.'
at par, in order to raise money to fight Webbs opposi-
tion. Tho talk is that the
AMERICAN REINDEER,
on his native Heath, is
SELLING ERIE T.ima FURY FOB UNCLE DANIEL DREW,
and is borrowing all the stock he can to make it scarce,
for Uncle Daniel says that he believes in always letting
the boys have this 'ere Eirie whenever they are hungry
for it, and that
AARON AND THE GOLDEN CALF
and the Synagogue on Murray Hill, and that
BOSTON CHAP, ELDRXDGE,
and Taylors Hotel, and that funny dog, the circus
DANCER JIMMY,
have cost him a deal of money first and last, which he has
got to get out of the boys somehow pretty soon.
UNCLE DANIEL SAYS
that the
AMERICAN REINDEER
is doing first rate, that be is making the
STOCK AWFUL SCARCE,
and sticking the boys with piles of Erie at Tl, which the.
critters wouldnt touch atC8. Uncle Daniel says, them
ere Wall Street critters are a queer lot,,and whenever
they want rope to hang themselves with, it is the duty
of a
METHODIST JEW,
in the name of
AARON AND THE GOLDEN CALF,
to let the critters have it. /Uncle Daniel says when the
AMERICAN REINDEER HAS STUCK THE -BOYS
handsomely, that he means to give a superb private sup"
pel, with this ere new Parisian
CAN CAN AND OTHER FIXINS.
The talk is that
FRANK WORK
makes his headquarters at
VAN SCHAICKS,
the eminent banker and bosom friend of
BARON ROTHSCHILD,
in Broad street, and that
VAN SCHAICK IS BLAZING
away and selling Erie for the
COMMODORE VANDERBILT PARTY,
e same time borrowing it flat, so as to
HUMBUG THE STREET
with the notion that it is short stock, and that there is
an awful short interest; and as
UNCLE DANIEL SAYS
that tnere aint, nohow enough of this ere Eirie to go
round the boys. The talk is that
DREW AND VANDERBILT
are wide awake, and know that the money market is not
going to be easy at three per cent, for ever ; that they
see
breakers ahead,
and have hit upon this plan to sell their Erie by borrow-
ing the stock from all they can through
WILLIAM HEATH AND CO., AND VAN SCHAICK,
that Uncle Daniel and the Commodore are
HARD AT WORK SELLING
everything they can on this easy money market; that
they are providing themselves with greenbacks, as they
are easier and more profitable to carry than
NEW YORK CENTRAL AND ERIE
in a tight money market.
The talk is that
' WOODWARD AND SCOTT CAPRON
are running
READING TO DEATH,
and that
SMITH, MARTIN k CO., AND LORD CORNWALLIS,
are coining it a little too strong when they talk about
Reading being cheap above par, when everybody knows
that the stock is
WATERED ABOUT NINETY PER CENT.,
with scrip dividends, and that it has only been able to
pay a dividend in cash how and then. The talk is that
it is very funny that
LORD CORNWALLIS
should run down every stock on the list
EXCEPT READING,
and crack up that as cheap, and swear that the price has
been advanced by the purchases for investment, when
all the street knows that the
READING MOVEMENT
-is one of the
WEAKEST STOCK BUBBLES
engineered by the weakest and most reckless of stock
gamblers. Tbe talk is that
LORD CORNWALLISS
valuable property in Reading, and tbe
PITTSBURG DIRECTORS QUARTERLY
dividends are the two
HUGEST JOKES
of the season, and do credit to the facetious dogs that
originated them. The talk is that the
BANKS AND MONEY-LENDERS
are urging the cliques to
SELL AND REALIZE
all they can, and to take up their loans with them before
August, as the
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN
is going to unsettle things, and that the
SOUTH AND WEST
will drain New York of an immense deal of currency this
fall to move the crops, as the West is unusually hare of
money, and the South has got none at all. The talk is
that the
EXPRESS STOCKS
are the greatest bubble on the market; that
WELLS, FARGO & CO.
are like a well-squeezed lemon, and that
LOUIS MLANE,
Wednesday, 24, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Thursday, 25, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Friday, 26, ' 340% 140% 140 140%
Saturday, 27, 140% 140% ' T40 140%
Monday, 29, 140% 140% 140 140%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is quiot, but rates remain steady, as commercial bills
are scarce and bankers must look to cover only with
specie or bonds. Bonds, with the exception of the
10-40s, could not he shipped to Europe at a profit for a
fortnight past. The quotations are bankers sixty days
stering, 110 to 110%, and sight 110% to 110%. Francs
on Paris long 5.13% to 6.12% ; and short, 5.11% to 5.10.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
has been more active, and prices have advanced in (he
clique stocks, while the rest of the market has been
without change. The movement is the result of the
combined workings of the bull cliques ; and as usual
outsiders have been heavy buyers at the advanced quo-
tations. Scrip and non-dividendpaying railway shares,
like Erie, Reading, Michigan Southern, North-West
Common and Preferred and New York Central, have
been run up from 15 to 25 per cent, within the last sixty
days by clique manipulations, while the unwatercd"
sound stocks, like the Toledo and Wabash Preferred and
Common, have remained steady. The miscellaneous
list remains jjlull and neglected, notwithstanding the ef-
forts of the cliques to make them active. The market is
in a dangerous condition, and liable to break on any
day. Shrewd holders are sellers and not buyers at pre-
sent quotations. Pacific Mail is dull and heavy, and the
company has been selling some of its reserved stock at
the high prices engineered by speculators.
Mnsgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report tbe following
quotations:
Canton, 49 to 50 ; Boston W. P., 18 to 20 ; Cum. Coal,
33 to 34% ; Quicksilver, 23 to 24% ; Mariposa, 4 to 5 ;
do. preferred, 8% to 9 ; Pacific Mail, 101% to 101% ;
Atlantic Mail, 30 to 33 ; W. U. Tel., 34% to 34% ;
New York Central, 134% to 135 ; Erie, 69% to 69% ; do.
preferred, 75 to 75% ; Hudson River, 140% to 141% ;
Reading, 105% to 105% ; Wabasb,48 to 48% ; Mil. & St.
P., 66% to 66% j do. preferred, 78% to 78% ; Fort Wayne,
111% to to 112 ; Ohio & Miss., 29% to 30 ; Mich. Cen.,
117% to 119 ; Mich. South, 91% to 82; 111. Central, 157
to 158 ; Pittsburg, 89% to 89% ; Toledo, 104% to 104% ;
Rook Island, 104% to .104% ; North Western, 71 % to 71%;
do. preferred, 78% to 78%.
the President, has prudently resigned and skedaddled
out of the way to California, before the developments
are made public of the condition of the company. The
talk is that tho N
MERCHANTS UNION DIRECTORS BARNEY
and the other managers of the different companies are
cramming the market with all the express stocks that it
will take, and that nothing but the immense short inter-
est keeps them fro^tumbling down to very low figures.
THE MONEY MARKET
is easy at 3 to 4 per cent, on call, and 5 to 6 per cent, on
prime discounts. The weekly bank statement shows in-
creased bank expansion, the loans being $2,386,428 more
than those of last week, the deposits $2,817,820, and the
legal tenders $1,285,721. The specie is decreased $1,-373,-
530, and the total $7,753,800 is the smallest held by the
banks this year. Bank expansion has probably reached
its highest point.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
June 20th June 27 th Differences.
Loans, $274,117,608 $276,504,936 Inc. $2,386,428
Specie, 9,124,830 7,753,800 Dec. $1,371,530
Circulation, 34,119,120 34,048,721 Deo. 70,899
Deposits, 211,484,387 214,302,207 Inc. 1,817,820
Legal-tenders, 72,567,582 78,853,303 Inc. 2,817,820
THE GOLD MARKET
t
has been firm throughout the week, owing to the
scarcity, as high as % per cent, per day having been paid
for loan of large amounts. The price has ranged from
140% to 140, The July disbursements by the Assistant
Treasury will decrease the lending rates, and stimulate
the exports of specie.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
have been dull throughout the week, owing to the in-
vestment demand being confined to buyers of small
amniinfa. The Border State Bonds and Railway Mort-
gages have been unusually active. The Central Pacific
Bonds have been selling freely at 103 and interest, and
it is likoly the company will soon advance the price to
105. The Union Pacific are selling at 102 and interest.
Both these bonds are principal and interest payable in
gold, and 6 per cent, gold interest equal to about 8 per
cent, in currency. The Rockford Rock Island and St.
Louis Railway Company Bonds are selling freely at 95,
as they are a first-class security, principal ana interest
payable in gold coin, and 7 per cent, interest in gold
equal to over 10 per cent, in currency. They are se-
cured by some of the best coal lands in the State of
Illinois, besides the railroad franchises and property, and
are issued at only $25,000 to tbe mile. The bonds are
payable either in London of New York at the option oi
the holder, and they have the privilege of conver-
sion into the stock of the company, which will,
without doubt, prove to be as valuable as that of Illi-
nois Central or Delaware, Lackawanna and Western,
owing to the valuable coal lands which the company
owns and works.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881,118% to 113% ; Coupon, 117% to 118; Reg.
5-20, 1862, 109% to 109%; Coupon, 5-20, 1862, 113% to
113% ; Coupon, 5-20,1864, 101% to 111%; Coupon,6-20,
1865, 111% to 311% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865, Jan. and July ^
114 to 114%; Coupon, 5-20, 1867, 114% to 114%; Coupon,
1868,110 to 110%; Reg. 10-40,106% to 107%; Coupon, 10-
40,107% to 107%; June, 7-80,109% to 110% ; July, 7-30,
109% to 110% ; August Compounds, 1865, 118% ; Sep-
tember Compounds, 1865, 118 ; October Compounds,
117%. .
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
Opening. Highest.
Saturday, 20, 140%
Monday, 22, 140%
Tuesday, 23, 140%
140%
140%
140%
Lowest. Closing.
140% 140%
140% 140%
140 140%
for the week were $1,605,958 in gold against
$1,866,870 last week, $1,690,144, and $1,905,007 for flie
preceding weeks. The imports of merchandise for the
week were $5,268,829 in gold against $4,465,888, $6,013,*


gUVflJtttifltl.
415
085, and $4,250,340 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports, exclusive of specie, were $2,670,477 in currency
against $2,859,561, $2,546,370 and $2,692,824 for the
preceding weeks The exports of specie were $2,530,'
134 against $1,890,632, $2,967,321 and $3,575,594 for the
preceding weeks.
Musical boxes,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments;
Voix Celestes (Celestial Voices), Orgonocleides, Mando-
lines. Expressives, Picolos, Bells, Drums, Castinets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable.
They are One ornaments for the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions for the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
M. J. PAtLLARD & CO Importers, No. 21 Maiden
Lane, (up stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
26-29
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
band, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
woTld. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of OH Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
44 -y'OUNG MEN WHO SEEK PEKSONAL
JL improvement; Young Women who would do
something; and others, may have the' $3 Phrenolog-
ical Journal six months, in clubs sf 10, on trial,0 at
$1 each. Address S. R. WELLS, 389 Broadway, New
York.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
WONDER OP THE AGE!
THE IMPROVED
VERTICAL, SELF-ADJUSTING
\
COLBY SKIRT,
This Skirt was patented in February, 1866. It is en-
tirely New in principle, and its improvements aud
advantages over all others are obvious at a glance. The
wires running vertically render it completely self-
adjusting, requiring NO MANAGEMENT IN WEAR
ING, but conforming itself to the action of the wearer
iirALL positions, occupying no more space in sitting or
jying down, than an ordinary muslin skirt. It will sus~
tain a weight of clothing more than that of double any
other, and retain its proper form without in the least
affecting the trail. Yet it is lighter, stronger, and more
endurable than any other in the market, and for ele-
gance of form and comfort of wearing it is unequalled-
An extended description is not intended, but, as the ex-
perience of the wearers is deemed sufficient to demon-
strate its value, we add
Wbat the Ladies say
THE COLBY SKIRT IS WITHOUT A RIVAL.
It possesses more real merit and good qualities than
has ever been claimed for it.
THAT IT IS THE BEST SKIRT IN THE WORLD.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE TRACTS
for sale at the office of THE REVOLUTION.
Enfranchisement of Women, by Mrs. John Stuart
Mill.
Suffrage for Women, by John Stuart Mtt.t., M.P.
Freedom for Women, by Wendell Phillips.
Public Function of Woman, by Theodore Parker.
Wpman and her Wishes, by Col. T. W. Higginbon.
Responsibilities of Women, by Mrs. C. I. H. Nichols.
Woman's Duty to Vote, by Henry Ward Beecher.
Universal Suffrage, by Eltzabth Cady Stanton.
The Mortality of Nations, by Parker Pillsbury.
Impartial Suffrage, by an Illinois Lawyer.
Suffrage a Right, not a Privilege, by J. H. K. Wiloox.
Equal Rights for Women, by Georgr William Curtis.
Should Women Vote? Affirmative Testimonials of
Sundry Persons. *
Price per Single Copy 10 cts.; per Hundred Copies $5;
per ThousandCopies $40. *"
Orders should be addressed to Susan B. Anthony,
Proprietor of THE REVOLUTION, 37 Park Row,
(Boom 20), New York.
J^ECTURES AND SPEECHES
OF
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
CHAMPIONSHIP OF WOMEN.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1867. Price
25 cents.
SIX WEEKS IN THE WEST.
Protection to American Iudnstry, versus British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 125 pages.
1866. Price 25 cents.
FENIANISM.
4 HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public,_______________New York. .
66 -OEAUTIFUL WOMEN. NATIONAL
f) types, English, French, German, Austrian,
Turkish, Russian, Grecian, Swiss, Polish, Chinese,
Swedish, Dutch, Japanese, etc., with portraits, in July
No. Phrenological Journal, 30 cts., or $3 a year ;
clubs of 10, six months, on trial, for $10. Address
S. R. WELLS, 389 [Broadway, N. Y.
Every objection that has heretofore been urged against
Hoop Skirts is entirely removed by the COLBY SKIRT ;
and, as in proportion as all others are unyielding, diffi*
cult to manage, and liable to get out of shape, so the
Colby Skirt is pliable, as comfortable as a Muslin
Skirt, and retains its Shape as long as the Steel will last.
Pronounced by all a real comfort and blessing.
Manufactured in the latest Parisian Styles, for walk-
ing or fujl dress.
The largest assortment constantly on hand at
Speech on Irish Independence and .English Neu-
trality, delivered before the Fenian Congress and
Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18,1865. Price 26 cents.
Speeches in England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents.
UNION SPEECHES.
Delivered in England during the American War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents.
TRAIN'S UNION SPEECHES.
N TRIAL TEN COPIES OF A
first class $3Magazine, the Phrenological
Journ l, sent to clubs of 10, half a yqgr at $1 a copy.
A new volume48lhbegins with the July No. The
Trenton Monitor says : A periodical, which, more, per-
haps, than any other in the world, is calculated to do
good to its readers. Address S. R. WELLS, No. 889
Broadway, New York.
gEXOLOGY
AS THE
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE,
IMPLYING
67 & 69 TENTH STREET,
Between Broadway and Fourth Avenue.
Ladies are invited to call and convince themselves o
the entire correctness of the above.
N. B.Ladies residing at a distance can have Skirts
sent per express by forwarding measurement of hips,
waist, length in front, and style required, whether for
walking, full dress, or general use.
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION. AND GOVERNMENT,
BY
MRS. ELIZABETH O. G. WILLARD.
The most important work on the true nature and
position of Woman yet published, by the testimony of
many eminent critics.
1 Vol. large 12mo. Nearly 500 pages, bound in cloth.
Published and for sale by J. R. Walsh, of the Western
News Company, Chicago, HI., and sold at retail by the
trade generally. Pi ice $2, or 2.25 when sent by mail.
ecw tf.
T
HE DORCAS SEWING MACHINE,
PRICE, INCLUDING TABLE, ONLY $30.
LATEST, SIMPLEST, CHEAPEST, AND BEST,
for the price, ever offered; combining the utmost sim-
plicity and reliability with the inside minimum cost.
The first good, simple, reliable Sewing Machine ever
offered at a low price.
Agents wanted everywhere, local and travelling.
Great inducements Offered.
Address, THE PORCAS SEWING MACHINE CO.,
No, 1 Centro at., New York.
TTUSBANDS AND WIVES MAY
-1 1. learn something to their advantage by read-
ing the Pictorial Phrenological Journal, at $3 per
year, or in clubs of 10, on trial, half a year, at $1,
Address S, R, WELLS, 389 Broadway, New York.
Second Series. Delivered in England during the
American War. Price 25 cents.
SPEECH ON THE DOWNFALL OF ENGLAND.
And a Sermon on the Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17, 1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
YOUNG AMERICA ON SLAVERY.
The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Lie?-
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
- 150 pages. 1860: Price 25 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mall, at
prices named.
For sale at tbe office of
THE REVOLUTION,
37 Park Row (Room 20),
New York.
LOTHING! CLO rHmG~CI^HiNGT
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MENS' AND BOYS' CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and diupatch, by tbe
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules and Price-list sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
qheap Printing,
33 Beeiman Si, top floor.


416
fee iUvflltttiflti*
The [Revolution;
THE ORGAN OF THE
NATIONAL PARTY OB' NEW AMERICA
The
Liberal Christian
*
This Advertisement
and NINETEEN DOLLARS will buy TWENTY DOL
LARS worth of SILVER PLATED WARE of
TEE LIBERAL CHRISTIAN,
THE LIBERAL CHRISTIAN,
HARLEM,
Manufacturer of
FINE SILVER-PLATED WARE,
Principle, not policyindividual rights and
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS :
1. In PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with the People!
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Science not Superstition.
8. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ly and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
$
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton aud Com, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlanticand Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the World
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
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To whom address all business letters.
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THE REVOLUTION
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ESTABLISHED IN 1857.
Gr
1REAT NATIONAL PAINTING.
THE NEW REPUBLIC,.
OB,
EMANCIPATION.
' A splendid Allegorical picture by the celebrated artist,
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FRANCIS A LOUTREL,
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moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
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Please call or send your orders.

w pictures just ready.
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Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by 28.
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point, ,
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp. *
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Sfonewall Jackson and Gen.
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u fTVRY IT. A $3 MAGAZINE IN CLUBS
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only $1 each 1 The Pictorial Phrenological Journal
New Vol.48thbegins with July No. Address S. R
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