The Revolution

Material Information

The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
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VOL. n.NO. 1. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1868. single* cop cunts.
£!)f lifUiilittiDli.
. SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
Oor readers will remember some time ago it
was announced in all the daily journals that
Susan B. Anthony was appointed a delegate to
the Democratic Convention, to represent the Wo-
mans Suffrage movement in this country. She
accordingly applied by letter for a hearing in
the Convention. Ber letter was presented to the
Convention by the President^ ex-Gov. Horatio
Seymour, read by the clerk in aloud clear voice,
received a most respectful and enthusiastic
hearing, and was referred to the Committee on
As our readers would, no doubt, like to know
what radical doctrines the democratic party are
now sufficiently developed to applaud, we give
the letter below. Let no one say that our de-
votion to the education of this party for the
last fou r vears has been in vain :
Womans Suffrage Association of America, )
37 Park Row, Room 20, >
New York, July 4th, 1868. j
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, j
Mbs. Horace Greeley, L Central Com.
Susan B. Anthony, f
Abby Hopper Gibbons, j
To the President and Members 6f the Nationa
Democratic Convention,
Gentlemen : I address you by letter to ask
the privilege of appearing before you during
the sittings of this Convention, to demand
the Enfranchisement of the Women op Ame-
rica ; the only class of citizens wholly un-
represented in the government; the only class
(not guilty of crime) taxed without representa-
tion, tried without a jury of their peers, gov-
erned without their consent. And yet in this
class are found many of your most noble, virtu-
ous, law-abiding citizens,; who possess all the
requisite qualifications of voters. Women have
property and education. We are not idiots,
lunatics, paupers, criminals, rebels, nor do we
bet on elections. We lack, according to
your constitutions, but one qualificationthat
of sexwhich is insurmountable, and therefore
equivalent to a deprivation of the suffrage ; in
other words, the tyranny of taxation vjiikout
We desire to la^ before you this violation of
the great fundamental principle of our govern-
ment for your serious consideration, knowing
that minorities can be moved by principles as
majorities are only by votes. Hence we look to
you for the initiative step in the redress of our
grievances. '
The party in power have not only failed
to heed our innumerable petitions, asking
the Right of Suffrage, poured into Congress
and State Legislatures, hut they have sub-
mitted a proposition to the several states to in-
sert the word, male in the Federal Constitu-
tion, where it has never been, and thereby put
up a new barrier against the enfranchisement of
This fresh insult to the women of the repub-
lic, who so bravely shared the dangers and
sacrifices of the late war, has roused us to more
earnest and persistent efforts to secure those
rights, privileges and immunities that belong to
every citizen under government.
As you hold the Constitution of the Fathers
to be a sacred legacy to us and to our children
forever, we ask you to save it from this dese-
cration, which deprives one-half our citizens of
the right of representation in the government.
Over this base proposition the nation has
stood silent and indifferent. While the domi-
nant party have with one hand lifted up
two million black men .and crowned them
with the honor and dignity of citizenship,
with the other they have dethroned fifteen
million white womentheir own mothers and
sisters, their own wives and daughtersand
cast them under the heel of- the lowest orders
of manhood.
We appeal to you, not only because you,
being in a minority, are in a position to con-
sider principles, but because you have been the
party-hereto! ore to extend the suffrage. It was
the democratic party that fought most valiantly
for the removal of the property qualification
from all white men, and thereby placed the
poorest ditch-digger on a political level with the
proudest millionaire. This one act of justice to
working men has perpetuated your power, with
but few interruptions, from that time until-the
war. And now you have an opportunity to con-
fer a similar boon on the women of the country,
and thus possess yourselves of a new talis-
man that will ensure and perpetuate your politi-
cal power for decades to come.
While the first and highest motive we would
urge on you, is the recognition in all your
action of the great principles of justice and
equality that are the foundation of a repub-
lican government, it is not unworthy to remind
you, that the party that takes this onward step,
will reap its just reward. It needs but little ob-
servation to see that the tide of progress in all
countries is setting toward the Enfranchisement
of Woman. And that this advance step in
civilization is destined to be taken in our day.
We conjure you, then, to turn from the dead
questions of the past to the vital issues of the
hour. The brute farm of slavery ended with the
war. The black man is a soldier and a citizen.
He holds the bullet and the ballot in his own
right hand. Consider his case settled. Those
weapons of defence and self-protection can
never be wrenched from him. Yours the respon-
sibility now to see that no new chains be forged
by bondholders and monopolists for enslaving
the labor of the country.
The late war, seemingly in the interest of
slavery, was fought by unseen hands for the
larger liberties of the whole people. It was not
a war between North and South, for the princi-
ple of class and caste knows neither latitude or
longitude. It was a war of ideasof Aristocracy
and Democracyof Capital and Laborthe
same that has convulsed the race through the
ages, and will continue to convulse future gen-
erations, until Justice and Equality shall reign
upon the earth.
I desire, therefore, an opportunity to urge on
this Convention, the wisdom of basing its plat-
form on Universal Suffrage as well as Univer-
sal Amnesty, from Maine to California, and
thus take the first step toward a peaceful and
permanent reconstruction. ~
In behalf of the Womans Suffrage Association
of America, Respectfully yours,
Susan B. Anthony.
andbnw Johnson and miss
The cordial manner in which the bondholding
democracy greeted Miss Anthonys letter yester-
day, in Tammany Hall Convention, evidently
astonished the greenback Pendletonians. These
western gentlemen were not aware of the high
place Miss Anthony occupies in the estimation
of the eastern democracy. Her reception was
the more remarkable from the fact, that the
reading of the Presidents amnesty proclama-
tion had just been voted down by an overwhelm-
ing majority. Some of the republican papers
say that Miss Anthonys letter was received
with great laughter. Now, lest our readers
should think this laughter was derisive of
Womans Suffrage, we, being behind the
scenes, hasten to. say, that the laughter was
called forth entirely by the inconsistencies of
the republican party, as stated in the letter.
Of course, with the firm faith of the demo-
cracy in the plenary inspiration of the Consti-
tution, as 'handed down by the Fathers, so
gross an interpolation as the word male
in that sacred document could not fail to call
out some strong manifestations. To laugh or
to cry was the question. To cry, the exces-
sive heat of a July sun had so drained the lach-
rymary ducts as to make that impossible, hence
man, being naturally a risible* a.Trimfl.1, laughter
was yesterday a democratic necessity. Be-
sides, there are good hits in the letter. You
will laugh yourself* dear reader, over the very
points in this remarkable production that Miss
Anthony, no doubt, laughed at herself. No, no,
there was no contempt or derision for Womans
Suffrage within the sacred walls of Tammany
Hall. On the contrary, the document was re-
ceived most reverently4 by the President, Gov.
Seymour, New Yorks favorite son, and present-
ed to the Convention. Republicans may sneer,
hut they did not do as much for us at Chi-

2 * ' gUimlut**#.
cago, and wliat have they not done against us
in tho last four years ? The democrats have at
least proprosed no retrogressive legislation for
tho women of the republic, and for that we are
truly thankful.
(Continued from last week.)
. Bodily strength from being the distinction of heroes
is now sunk into such unmerited contempt, that men as
well as women seem to think it unnecessary: the latter
as it takes from their feminine graces, and from that
lovely weakness, the source of their undue power ; and
the formor, because it appears inimical with the charac-
ter of a gentleman.
That they have both by departing from one extreme
run into another, may easily be proved ; but it first may
bo proper to observe, that a vulgar error has obtaiuod a
degree of credit) which has given force to a false con-
clusion, in which an effoot has beeu mistaken for a
People of genius have, very frequently, Impaired their
constitutions by study, or careless inattention to their
health, and the violence of their passions bearing a pro-
portion to the vigor of tlieir intellects, the sword's de-
stroying the scabbard has become almost proverbial, and
superficial observers have inferred from thence, that
men of genius have commonly weak, or to use a more
fashionable phrase, delicate constitutions. Yet the
contrary, I believe, will appear to be tho fact; for, on
diligent inquiry, I find that strength of mind has, in
most cases, been accompanied by superior strength of
body, natural soundness of constitution, not that robust
tone of nerves and vigor of muscles, which arise from
bodily labor, when the mind is quiescent, or only di-
rects the hands.
Dr. Priestly has remarked, in the preface to his bio-
graphical chart, that the majority of great men have lived
beyond forty:five. And, considering the thoughtless
manner in which they lavished their strength, when in-
vestigating a favorite science, they have wasted the lamp
of life, forgetful of the midnight hour; or, when lost in
poetic dreams, fancy has peopled the scene, and the soul
has been disturbed, till it shook the constitution, by
the passions that meditation had raised j whose ob-
jects, the baseless fabric of a vision, faded before the
exhausted eye, they must have had iron frames.
Sbakspeare never grasped the airy dagger with a nerve-
less hand, nor did Milton tremble when he led Satan far
from the confines of his dreary prison. These were not
the ravings of imbecility, the sickly effusions of distem-
pered brains ; but the exuberance of fancy, that in a
fine phrenzy wandering, was not continually reminded
of its material shackles.
I am aware that this argument would carry me further
than it may be supposed I wish to go; but I follow
truth, and still adhering to my first position, 1 will allow
that bodily strength seems to give man a natural supe-
riority over woman ; and this is the only solid basis on
which the superiority of the sex can be built. ButI still
insist, that not only the virtue, but tbe knowledge of the
two sexes should be the same in nature, if not in de-
gree, and that women, considered not only as moral, but
rational creatures, ought to endeavor to acquire human
virtues (or perfections) by the same means as men, in-
stead of being educated like a fanciful kind of being,
one of Rousseaus wild chimeras.
But, if strength of body be, with some show of reason,
the boast of men, why axe women so infatuated as to be
proud of a defect? Rousseau has furnished them with a
plausible excuse, which could only have occurred to a
man whose imagination had been allowed to run wild,
and refine on the impressions made by exquisite senses,
that they might, forsooth, have a pretext lor yielding to
a natural appetite without violating a romantic species of
modesty, which gratifies the pride and libertinism of
Women, deluded by those sentiments, sometimes
boast of their weakness, cunningly nMaining power by
playing on tho weakness of men ; and they may well
glory in their illicit sway, for, like Turkish bashaws,
they havo more real power than their masters ; but vir7
tue is sacrificed to temporary gratifications, and the re-
putability of Jife to tho triumph 9t 9U hour.
Women, as well as despots, have now, perhaps, more
power than they would have, if the world, divided and
subdivided into kingdoms and families, was governed by
laws deduced from the exercise of reason ; but in ob-
taining it, to carry on the comparison, their character is
degraded, and licentiousness spread through the whole
aggregate of society. The many become pedestal to the
few. I, therefore,-will venture to assert, that till women
are more rationally educated, the progress of human
virtue and improvement in knowledge must receive con-
tinual checks. And if it be granted, that woman was not
created merely to gratify the appetite of man, nor to be
the upper servant,- who provides his meals and takes care
of his linen, it must follow, that the first care of those
mothers orfathers who really attend to the education
of females, should be, if not to strengthen the body, at
least, not to destroy the constitution by mistaken notions
of beauty and female excellence ; nor should girls ever
be allowed to imbibe the pernicious notion that a defect
ean, by any chemical process of reasoning, become an
excellence. In this respect, I am happy to find that the
author of one of the most instructive books that our
country has produced for children, coincides with me in
opinion; I shall quote his pertinent remarks to give
the force of his respectable authority to reason.*
But should it be proved that woman is naturally
weaker than man, from whence does it follow that it is
natural for her to labor to become still weaker than na-
ture intended her to be ? Arguments of this cast are
an insult to common sense, and -savor of passion. The
divine right of husbands, like the divine right of kings,
may, it is to be hoped, in this enlightened age, be con-
tested without danger, and though conviction may not
silence many boisterous disputants, yet, when any pre-
vailing prejudice is attacked, the wise will consider, and
leave the narrow-minded to rail with thoughtless vehe-
mence at innovation.
The mother who wishes to give true dignity, of char-
acter to her daughter, must, regardless of the sneers of
ignorance, proceed on a plan diametrically opposite to
that which Rousseau has recommended with all the de-
luding charms of eloquence and philosophical sophistry :
for his eloquence renders absurdities plausible, and his
dogmatic conclusions puzzle, without convincing those
who have not ability to refute them.
Throughout the whole animal kingdom every young
creature requires almost continual exercise, and the in-
-fancy of children, conformable to this intimation, should
he passed in harmless gambols, that exercise the feet
and hands, without requiring very minute direction
from the head, or the constant attention of a nurse. In
* A respectable old man gives the following sensible
account of tbe method he pursued when educating his
daughter : I endeavored to give both to her mind and
body a degree of vigor which is seldom found in the fe-
male sex.' As soon as she was sufficiently advanced in
strength to be capable of the lighter labors of husbandry
and gardening, I employed her as my constant com-
panion. Selene, for that was her name, soon acquired a
dexterity in all these rustic employments which I con-
sidered with equal pleasure and admiration. If women
are in general feeble both in body and mind, it arises
less from nature than from education. We encourage a
vicious indolence and inactivity, which we falsely call
delicacy ; instead of hardening their minds by tbe se-
verer principles of reason and philosophy, we breed
them to useless arts, which terminate in vanity and sen-
suality. In most of the countries which I had visited,
they are taught nothing of an higher nature than a few
modulations of the voice, or useless postures of the
body; their time ib consumed in sloth or trifles, and
trifles become the only pursuits capable of interesting
them. We seem to forget, that it is upon the qualities of
the female sex that our own domestic comforts and the
education of our children must depend. And what are the
comforts or the education which a race of beings cor-
rupted from their infancy, and unacquainted with all
the duties of life, are fitted to bestow? To touch a mu-
sical instrument with useless skill, to exhibit their natu-
ral or affected graces to the eyes of indolent and de-
bauched young men, who dissipate their husbands pa*
trimony in riotous and unnecessary expenses : these
are the only arts cultivated by women in most of the
polished nations I had seen. And the consequences are
uniformly such 'as may be expected to proceed from
such polluted sources, private misery, and public ser-
But, Selene's education was regulated by different
views, and conducted upon severer principles; if that
can be called severity which opens the mind to a sense
of moral and religious duties, and most effectually arms
it against the inevitable evils of life.Mr. Day's Sand-
- ord and Merton, Yol, hi.
fact, the care necessary for self-preservation is the firs t
natural exercise of the understanding, as little inven-
tions to amuse the present moment unfold the imagina-
tion. But these wise designs of nature are counteracted
by mistaken fondness or blind zeal. The child is not
left a moment to its own direction, particularly a girl,
and thus rendered dependentdependence is called na-
To preserve personal beauty, womans glory the
limbs and faculties are cramped with worse than Chinese,
bands, and the sedentary life which they are condemned to
live, whilst boys frolic in the open air, weakens the mus-
cles and relaxes the nerves. As for Rousseaus remarks,
which have since been echoed by several writers, that
they have naturally, that is from their birth, indepen-
dent of education, a fondness for dolls, dressing, and
talking, they are so puerile as not to merit a senous re-
futation. That a girl, condemned to sit for hours toge-
ther listening to the idle chat of weak nnrses or to at-
tend at her motherfe toilet, will endeavor to join the
conversation, is, indeed, very natural; and that she will
imitate her mother or aunts, and amuse horsel f by adorn-
ing her lifeless doll, as they do in dressing her, poor in-
nocent babel is undoubtedly a most natural conse-
quence. For men of the greatest abilities have seldom
had sufficient strength to rise above the surrounding at-
mosphere ; and, if the page of genius has always been
blurred by the prejudices of the age, some allowance
should be made for a sex, who, like kings, always see
things through a false medium.
In this manner may the fondness for dress, con-
spicuous in women, be easily accounted for, without
supposing it the result of a desire to please the sex on
which they are dependent. The absurdity, in short, of
supposing that a girl is naturallya coquette, and that'a
desire connected with the impulse of nature to propa-
gate the species, should appear even before an im-
proper education has, by heating the imagination, called
it forth prematurely, is so unphilosophical, that such a
sagacious observer as Rousseau would not have adopted
it, if he had not been accustomed to make reason give
way to his desire of. singulari ty, and truth to a favorite
Yet thus to give a sex to mind was hot very consistent
with the principles of a man who argued so warmly, and
so well, for the immortality of the soul. But what a weak
barrier is truth when it stands in the way of an hypo-
thesis! Rousseau respectedalmost adoredvirtue, and
yet allowed himself to love with sensual fondness. His
imagination constantly prepared inflammable fuel for his
inflammable senses; but, in order to reconcile his re-
spect for self-denial, fortitude and those heroic virtnes,
which a mind like his could not coolly admire, he labors
vto invert the law of nature, and broaches a doctrine
pregnant with mischief, and derogatory to the character
of supremewisdom.
His ridiculous stories, which tend to prove that girls
are nituraUy attentive to their persons, without laying
any stress on daily example, are below contempt. And
that a little, miss should have such a correct taste
as to neglect the pleasing amusement of making Os,
merely because she perceived that it was'an ungraceful
attitude, should be selected with the anecdotes of the
learned pig.*
I have, probably, had an opportunity of observing
more girls in their infancy than J. J. Rousseau, ( can
recollect my own feelings, and I have looked Steadily
around me; yet, so far from coinciding with him in
opinion respecting the first dawn of the the female char-"
acter, I will venture to affirm, that a girl, whose spirits
have not been damped by inactivity, or innocence
tainted by false shame, will always be a romp, and the
doll will never excite attention unless confinement al-
lows her no alternative. Girls and boys, in short, would
play harmless together if the distinction of sex was not
inculcated long before nature makes any difference. I
will go further, and affirm, as an indisputable fact, that
most of the women in the circle of my observation, who
have acted like rational creatures, or shown any vigor of
* I once knew a young person who learned to write be-
fore she learned to read, and began to write \rith her
needle before she could use a pen. At first, indeed, she
took it into her head to make no other letter than the O:
this letter she was constantly making of all sizes, and
always the wrong way. Unluckily, one day, as she was
intent on this employment, she happened to see herself
in the looking-glass; when, taking a dislike to the con-
strained attitude in which she sat. while writing, she
threw away her pen, like another Pallas, and determined
against making the O any more. Her brother was also ,
equally averse to writing: it was the confinement, how
ever and not constrained attitude, that most disgusted
him,Rousseau's DmUius,

intellect, bhve accidentally been allowed to run wild, as
some of the elegant formers of the fair sex would in-
The baneful consequences which flow from inattention
to health during infancy and youth extend further than
is supposed. Dependence of body naturally produces
dependence of mind; and how can she be a good wife or
mother, the greater part of whose time is employed to
guard against or endure Sickness ; nor can it be expected
that a woman will resolutely endeavor to strengthen her
constitution and abstain from enervating indulgences, if
artificial notions of beauty, and false descriptions of
sensibility, have been early entangled with her motives
of action. Most men are sometimes obliged to bear with
bodily inconveniences, and to endure, occasionally, the
inclemency of the elements; but genteel women are,
literally speaking, slaves to their bodies, and gloijy in
their subjection.
I once knew a weak woman ol fashion, who was more
than commonly proud of her delicacy and sensibility.
1 She thought a distinguishing taste and puny appetite the
height of all human perfection, and acted accordingly.
I have seen this weak, sophisticated being neglect all the
duties of life, yet recline with self-complacency on a
sofa, and boast of her want of appetite as a proof of de-
licacy that extended to, or, perhaps, arose from, her ex-
quisite sensibility ; for it is difficult to render intelligible
such ridiculous jargon. Yet, at the moment, I have
seen her insult a worthy old gentlewoman, whom unex-
pected misfortunes had made dependent- on her ostenta-
tious bounty, and who, In better days, had claims on her
gratitude. Is it possible that a human creature should
have become such a weak and depraved being, if, like
the Sybarites, dissolved in luxury, everything like virtue,
had not been worn away, or never impressed by precept,
a poor substitute, it is true, for cultivation of mind,
though it serves as a fence against vice?
Such a woman is not a mdre irrational monster than
some of the Homan emperors, who were depraved by
lawless power. Yet, since kings have been more under
the restraint of law, and the curb, however weak, of
honor, the records of history are not filled with such
unnatural instances of folly and cruelty, nor does the
despotism that kills virtue and genius in the bud, hover
over Europe with that destructive blast which desolates
Turkey, and renders the men, as well as the soil, un-
Women are everywhere in this deplorable state ; for,
in order to preserve their innocence, as Ignorance is
courteously termed, truth is hidden from them, and
they-are made to assume an artificial character before
their faculties have acquired any strength. Taught from
their infancy, that beauty is womans sceptre, the mind
shapes itself to the body, and, roaming round its gilt
cage, only seeks to adorn its prison. Men have various
employments and pursuits which engage their attention,
and give a character to the opening mind; but women,
confined to one, and having their thoughts constantly di-
rected to the most insignificant part of themselves, sel-
dom extend their views beyond the triumph of the hour.
But was their understanding once emancipated from the
slavery to which the pride aud sensuality of man and
their short-sighted desire, like that of dominion in ty-
rants, of present sway, has subjected them, we sbould
probably'read of their weaknesses with surprise. I
must be allowed to pursue the argument a little farther.
{To be Continued.)
When you advanced the' price of your paper to ten
cents, I dropped it, perceiving that the women are no
better than men, and no more fit to rule. It is avarice
and extortion to charge twice what a paper is worth.
Your paper would sell readily at a fair price, but the
community are good judges and will not be imposed
upon. It was a woman that brought ruin on therace, and
if she would rule and reign she must observe righteous-
ness! J. p. ar.
A little arithmetic will show J. P. M. that our
subscription pricetwo dollars a yeargives
him The Revolution tor 3 13-110 cents a
copy. We have a righteous right to make
our wholesale and retail prices, and our patrons
the same right to choose which they will pay.
We fixed our subscription at two dollars per
year, much below a fair price that we might
place our paper within the reach of the working
peopleespecially all women who earn their ow&

living. Therefore, J. P. M., send in your two
dollars, and no longer rob yourself aud your
family of the best aud cheapest paper in the
New York, June 17,1868.
Miss Anthony : Can you not make the Democratic
Convention understand (what is clear to all impartial ob-
servers) that, without Chase aud a progressive platform,
they have no possible chance, and will fizzle out in dis-
grace in the November election ?
If they will adopt Chase and a platform moie progres-
sive or radical (including Woman Suffrage) than the re-
publicans, they can win by beating the republicans with
their own weapons. Nothing else can save them as a
Those things are as well known to you as to me ; but I
write to add to the documents you may have occasion to
refer to, as evidence that republicans will vote a Chase and
Woman ticket, aud to say that I have lately travelled in
several states, and conversed with many prominent re-
publicans, and the sentiment is uniform that with Chase
and the proper platform, thousands of republicans would
vote anti-Grant, and that Chase would stand much the
better chance ; otherwise all agree that Grant will walk
over the course with hardly opposition enough to make
it lively. Truly, R. P. Trall, M.D.
Rochester, June, 1£6S.
Dear Miss Anthony : Please find enclosed proceed-
ings of our Board of Education ; and allow me-to call (he
attention of the readers of The Revolution to tbe
UDjust and contemptible conduct therein exhibited.
Male teachers have always been poorly enough paid;
and every friend and well-wisher of our children must be
only too glad that public opinion has taken hold of .this
vexed question, and demands that instructors of the
masculine gender shall receive a living salary for their
services. And now the query comes home very perti-
nently, what have women doneor what do they neglect
to dothat they may not be paid equally with men ?
They are compelled to pass the same rigid examination ;
and it has been proven in numberless instances, that the
inspection of a womans mental acquirements is much
more critical than the analysis of the same qualifications
in a man ; weakness and inability being, with not a lew
of the examining committee, only synonyms for wo-
manhood. But now, even here in Rochester, it has been
demonstrated that females are fully equal in intellectual
capacity and discipline to the most talented and vigilant
of the other sex ;y and the last report of our superinten-.
dent says that the schools in this city under the charge
of women are as well managed and instructed as those
having men for their principals. So the trouble does
not rise from incapacity. Men admit womens fitness,
and yet they will not vote to pay them anything like the
sum at last stingily eked out to the other sex. Lady
principals now receive $600, and gentlemen $1,200; $100
have been added to the salary of the male teachers dur-
ing the time, that of the female teachers has been raised
$100. If Rochester would only take for an example our
sister city of Philadelphia, the.good work would be fairly
inaugurated, where a Mrs. McManus has been given the
charge of a hoys grammar school to receive the same
salary ($1,650) as the men engagedrin similar institu-
tions. Philadelphia should certainly feel very proud for
having taken the lead in this matter.
It is amusing as well as provoking to note what kind of
material the so-called Boards of Education are constructed
from. As one of our very best Rochester teachers re-
marked the other day : Think of boys with whom I
have worked most laifchfully for years to drum a lew
common sense ideas into their craniums, now being
members of our Board of Education, and dictating just
where I shall teach and just how much money I shall
have for doing it; voting against my having charge of a
senior school, even though they admit my capability, hut
so conscientious are. they, that, neverwith their consent^
shall a woman step out of her sphere; and those pre.
tentious scions are perfectly aware of the precise posi-
tion every female should occupy.
It strikes me that here is a subject worthy The Re_
volution ; and it strikes me also very forcibly that it
is about time for women, by the combination of num-
bers and pluck, to have a recognized voice in those af-
fairs. Why are women not members of Boards of Edu-
cation ? Why are they never found among the examin-
ing committees ? By what power do men step in and
arrogate to themselves the sole right to decide all matters
of education? It has been satisfactorily proven that
they are superior neither in judgment or intelligence;
and yet $1,200 for male principals and $500 for female.
You will see that Commissioner Watters moved, that
ga Miss Mulholland bad for tbs last month acceptably
filled the position of principal of No. 5, therefore re-
solvedThat her compensation while holding such
position be the same as that of the male principals. I
am not personally acquainted with Com. Watters, but
should judge from this motion that, unlike most of our
Rochester select men, he is troubled with a soul, a con-
science, which makes the desire to recompense teachers
according to ability, irrepressible. How xml'ortunalefor
such a man to be compelled to keep company of this de-
scription ; but I trust he will hold ou, and strive ear-
nestly to see what effect his influence and example may
have over those unjust and conceited specimens of the
genus homo.
Let it be everlastingly remembered that Commlsstono*
Quin tabled the motion, and there it lies. Continued af.
fronts of this kind should set the women of the whole
country thinking and planning as to the best and wisest
course to pursue. It seems to me that female suffrage is
the shortest way out of this maelstrom of indignity and
servitude. Miss Anthony, Ibelievethatthe down-trodclen
are commencing to turn over! They have squirmed for a
long time, but dared make no effort to throw off the
galling chains and rise from the tyrants heel. Am I
right, or am I .wrong? Thats what we at Rochester
want to know right away. Mater Famtlias.
Boston, June 11. 1868.
What shall the working men and women do ?
Unite and organize; unite their capital,Their hearts,
heads and hands, save all the money they can, withdraw
what they have saved from banks and savings-banks
controlled by and for speculators, etc., and establish
banks of their own, managed by and for the people,
which shall pay fair rates of interest on all deposits for
all tbe time, be kept open at such hours as will accom-
modate all, treat all fairly and kindly, divide the enor-
mous profits of banking among the people, and loan
money to be used by and for the people instead of spec-
ulators, etc. ; that is, to co-operative associations, or to
those who will use it to build good tenement houses for
rent (to families with children) at fair rates; to furnish
food, clothing, fuel, etc., at as near first cost as practi-
cable ; to establish manufacturing companies of all
kinds, which shall pay fair wages'(without regard t o race,
sex, or anything but quality and quantity of work), sell
at fair prices, and as for as possible to the consumer,
and divide the profits with the laborers ; to form joint
stock companies to carry on farming on a large scale*,
selling the products divebtly to the consumers, and di-
viding tbe profits among all concerned ; to buy cheap
lands, divide them into small farms or house lots, aud
sell (or rent) them at fair prices to actual settlers, to
build houses on them for sale or rent, if desired, thus
building up settlements, villages or cities, in which all,
instead of speculators merely, shall share in all the ad-
vantages and profits ; to build (or buy) railroads to or
through these lands, settlements, etc., for the profit and
convenience of all concerned, which shall carry passen-
gers and freight safely, cheaply and quickly, and do
everything practicable to accommodate all ; to buy and
build steamships which shall bring laboring men and
women safely and cheaply, quickly and comfortably (and
carry the mails, too, cheaply and daily) from all-parts of
the world for their own good and for that of America
and for the good of those they leave behind, too ; for by
relieving those countries of thoir surplus population,
those who remain can command higher wages, which
will benefit us again by relieving us (laborers and manu-
facturers) from competition with paupersbanks which
shall loan money for all these purposes, aud to those
(men and women) who wish to start a business or
trade, to have shops of their own, to build houses or im -
prove thoir farms, and who have little or no capital in
money, but who have character, intelligence, and a good
trade, with industrious habits, which should be worth
to the mau or woman (as it is to the nation) more thau
$10,000 in gold, and ought to be considered the best se-
curity-banks which shall loan only to those who do
right by all, little to importers, and none to specu-
lators, gamblers (including stock and gold gamblers),'
monopolists, abortionists, libertines, to those who in
any way oppress the poor, or make, raise or sell (except
for useful purposes, perhaps) liquors or tobacco, or any-
thing poisonous or injurious.
Then, do business on)y with such banks ; buy only of
those who do business on right principles ; give the
preference always to home manufacture, co-operative
associations, and those who deal fairly with all; avoid
the middlemen, as far as possible, and buy of the
producer ; you can do it you have the power, the capi-
tal. All you have to do is to take all these kinds of busi-
ness into your own hands. They are being done daily,
not by or for the people, but by wealthy capitalists lor

their owd profit. And where do they get the money to
carry on their operations against, oftentimes, the inter-
ests of the working men and women ? In part lrom you
yourselves through the banks and savings banks.
In one savings bank in Boston there are about 9,000,-
000 on deposit, the most twbich probably belongs to
men, women and children who work for their daily
bread. Three savings banks bore have near'y $20,000,-
000. How much might be done with this amount if
rightly nsed I But do those who own every dollar of it
have any voice in the management of it, or a vote on the
question of how i< is to be used ?
Who can tell us how much there is in all the banks,
how much of it belongs to working men and women,
and how much of it is used by speculators; etc., for
their own selfish cuds.
We do know that the great bulk of the real wealth
of the nation is in the hands of working men and wo-
men. How, then, do the speculating classes have so
much power ?
Through your distrust of each other, by having their
capital in such shape as to be easily moved and used over
and over again, tbus making every dollar do the work of
many, by their knowing how to do it, and by using your
capital in addition to tlieir own. Money is the ammuni-
tion with which the war is carried on; it is the com
which sustains the contending iorccs ; banks are the
magazines or store-houses. You would not store your
ammunition or plant your com withiu the enemys
lines i l)o not deposit your money, then, in banks con-
trolled by cartalists and speculators, where it can be, as
it often is, used against your interests, but place it
whero you can have the use of it and its increase.
Combine* your capital, use your power, mobilize your
forces as much as possible by means of joint-stock com-
panies, and the time will soon come when the struggle
between capital and labor shall be ended ; when there
shall be a perfect union between thema union of the
two in the same person, when every laborer shall be a
capitalist, every capitalist a laborer, and every mpn, wo-
man and child shall he both, and the time will hasten
on when there shall be neither. h. j>.
Caleb Cushing began bis lecture at the commence-
ment of the Columbia Law College with au apology to
the ladies, who largely composed the audience, for the
choice of his subject, which was Jurisprudencesaying
that he presumed they were more interested in lawyers
than in the law '; offering this proof to his presumption,
that the women of this age had made some strange and
startling efforts to enlarge the field of action, but during
his long career no woman had appealed to him for ad-
mission to the Bar.
He said there were, however, two women, distinguished
in the profession. He believed one of them had pro-
cured good counsel, and the other had used a brief, exe-
cuted by her brother-in-law, and both happened to be
women of fiction.
His scholarly effort and research in the dead past,
among dead men, and* in a dead language to show the
majesty of law, and to prove that the lawyer is not ne-
cessarily a dishonost man, was a telling note to his apol-
ogy, suggesting the reason why a pretty large exceptional
class of that profession are less distinguished for manly
qualities and Christian virtue, than for shrewdness and
cunning, and the ability to balance and check to popular
favor, and public patronage. - .
Perhaps Mr. Cushing would have awarded less flattery
to the young lawyers, to whom he so graciously tendered
his mantle, could he have seen the invitations, scattered
like autumn leaves, over the capital, bidding ladies with
their bouquets to be present, lest the heroes of the occa-
sion should tail in their graduating honors.
Whether they were to be entertained with classical
disquisitions beyond their realm of thought, or not,
what less could they do, than delegate a generous re-
sponse to the invitations ?
Altogether the exercises were impressive and interest-
ing, and thov speech of the Hon. Ira Harris, combining
genial instruction and practical ethics, led us to contem-
plate the great Author of Law, to whom every true
woman acknowledges allegiance as she hopes to be
judged. Observer.
A Sensible Question.The Boston Radical,
reviewing a work on Finance, asks, Whoever
heard before of a nation paying sixteen million
dollars a year to a set of banks for furnishing an
irredeemable Currency, which any good bank
note printer would furnish for a hundredth part
£*f the amount?
Anne, daughter of Sir William Ascuc, was bom at Kel-
sey, in Lincolnshire. In her early youth or womanhood,
she must have remembered the rebellion in which her
father was, perhaps unwillingly, implicated, and she
must have lived surrounded by the passions which it had
roused. She was married to a violent conservative, a
gentleman named Kyme ; but from some cause she was
unable to follow in tbc track of lie h usband and father ;
she became a Protestant, and was disowned and dis-
claimed by them ; and then we find that she was to be
seen from time to time in the aisles of Lincoln Cathreda 1
reading the Bible, with groups of priests, in twos and
threes, approaching to reason with her, yet going their
waye again without words spoken. In March, 1545, she
was first arrested in London. She was examined before
the Lord Mayor, and aiterwards brought before the bish-
ops of London. Bonner, who had a certain kind of coarse
good-nature amidst his many faults, treated her with
courtesy. The mayor had sent in a collection of idle ex-
aggerated charges against her. Some of them she denied;
some of them she passed over and avoided, and the
bishop would not press upon her hardly. He said
that he was sorry for her trouble. If her conscience
was^troubled, he trusted that she would be open with
him, and no advantage should be taken of anything
which she might say. When she declined to accept him
for her confessor, he was ready to assist her to escape
from her position. He drew up an orthodox formula on
the real presence which he desired her to sign. She took
a pen, and wrote at the foot of the paper, that she believed
all manner of things contained in the faith of the Church;
' and although irritated by the palpable evasion, Bonner
allowed it to pass. She was remanded to prison for a
few days and then dismissed upon bail; and the bishop,
with, perhaps, a kinder purpose than that which Fox
attributes to him, of calumniating a Protestant saint, en-
tered in his register, that Anne -Ascue had appeared be-
fore him and had made an adequate profession of her'
But her name was written among those who were to
serve Heaven in their deaths rather than their lives. The
following summer she was again seized and brought be.
fore the Inquisitors, whose appetite had been sharpened
by the escape.of Latimer. The Gardiner andWriothesly
faction were now her judges. They required her to state.
explicitly her opinion on the eucharist; and she knew
this time that they would either kill her or force her bo
deny her faith. She would not sing the Lords song in
a strange land, she said, and vwhen Gardiner told ner
that she spoke in parables, she answered as another had
answered, If I tell you the truth, ye will not believe
me. She was questioned for five weary hours, but
nothing could be extracted from her ; and the day after,
attempts were made to shake her resolution by piivate
persuasion. The brilliant worldly Paget, to whom con.
fession opfaith were no things to die for, put out the
eloquence which had foiled the diplomatists of Europe.
His arguments fell off like arrows from enchanted ar.
mor. Lord Leisle and Lord Parr, who believed as she
believed, tried to prevail on her to say as they said. It
was shame for them, she replied, to counsel contrary
to their knowledge. Gardiner told her she would be
burnt, .God, she answered, laughedhis threatnings
to scorn.
She was taken to Newgate, and, as if to ensure her sen-
tence with her own hands, she wrote The bread is but
a remembrance of His death, or a sacrament of thanks-
giving for it Written by me, Anne Ascue, that
neither wish death, nor yet fear his might, and as merry
as one that is bound towards heaven. Her formal trial
followed atthe Guildhall, where she reasserted the same
belief: That which you call your God, she said, is
a piece oi bread; for proof thereof, let it lie in a box
three months, and it will be mouldy, I am persuaded It
cannot be God.
The duty of a judge is to decide by the law, not by his
conscience. If there had beeu a desire to acquit, the
judges had no choice before them. After sentence of
death had been passed upon her, she was taken back to
prison, where she wrote a letter to tbe king, not asking
for mercy, .but firmly and nobly asserting that she was
innocent of crime. She enclosed it under cover to
Wriothesly. Whether the chancellor delivered it or kept
it, the law was left to take its course. But the execution
was delayed. The Anglo-Catholios had gained but half
their object, and they required evidence from her, if
possible, which would implicate higher offenders. The
state of the kings health made the prospect of a long
minority more near and more certain. Lord Audely and
tbe Duke of Suffolk, who bad held a middle place by the I
side of the king, had died in the past year. The two
parlies in the government were moro sharply divided,
and more anxious tp shake each others credit. A strange
incident was connected with Anne Ascues imprison-
mant. She was found in possession of more comforts
than the customs of Newgate supplied; when she was re-
quired to confess how she obtained them, it appeared
that her maid went abroad into the streets and made
known to the prentices, and they by her did send in
money. But this explanation, so touching in its sim-
plicity, failed to satisfy her questioners. They suspected
Hertford and Cranmer, end perhaps the queen ; and
could they prove thei r complicity, they had ensured their
own victory and the ruin of their rivals. The condemned'
lady was taken from Newgate to the Tower, where the
chancellor and the solicitor-general were waiting for her.
She was asked if Lady Hertford, the Duchess of Suffolk,.
or Lady Fitzwilliam belonged to her sect. She refused'
to say. They told her that they knew she had been main-
tained by certain members of the council, and they must
have their names. She was still silent. Then, she
says (and this is no late legend or lying tradition, but a
dreadful truth related at first hand, from the pen of the
sufferer herself), they did put me on the rack because -
I confessed no ladies or gentlemen to be of my opinion,
and thereupon; they kept me a long time; and because
I lay still and did not cry, my Lord Chancellor, and
Master Rich took pains to rack me with their own hands
till I was nigh dead. Sir Anthony Kuyvet, the lieuten-
ant of the tower, lifted her off in his arms. She swooned,
and'was laid on the floor ; and when she recovered, the
chancellor remained two hours longer, laboring to per-
suade her to recant. But, as she said, she thanked God
she had strength left to persevere ; she prefered to die,
and to death they left her.
On the 16th of July she was carried out with her three
companions to the sceneof so many horrors, and chained
to a stake. Four members of the council, brought
thither, it is to be said, by duly, not by curiosity or vin
dictiveness, took their places on a raised bench in front
of St. Bartholomews Church, and when all preparations
were completed, Shaxton, once the most troublesome of
the Protestants, now, in the recoil of cowardice degen.
. eratea into a persecutor, preached a sermon. The suf.
ferers listened calmly, and when the preacher ceased,
Wriothesley sent them their pardons on condition of re-
cantation. But neither Anne nor her companions
would look at them. They merely said they were not
come thither to deny their Lord and Master. The mayor
rose, and exclaimed, Fiat Justitia, and the pile was
li ghted.Frondes History of England.
Sun, July 2, 1868.
The Revolution for this week is full of suggestive
and entertaining, if not instructive, reading matter.
Whether or n >t women ought to vote, it is very clear
that those of the sex who are associated under the lead-
ership of Mrs. Stanton and Miss Anthony can write in
the most saucy and piquant fashion, and, moreover,
know how to disarm by their wit and good humor the
most ill-natured of their adversaries.
Tribune, July 2, 1868.
The Revolut ion of this week oerflow with milk
for Tammany babes.
It is rumored that Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton is to be
appontod a deacon in Henry Ward Beechers church.
Womans is said that strong ground
will be taken against the admission of Miss Susan
B; Anthony as a delegate at large to represent the
Interests of American women in the Convention ;
but as that ladys ticket is already impeticosed,
and as she has a will of her own, and a number of
brawny friends who will not see her deprived of
her rights as a publisher, a woman, and an American
citizen, it maybe inferred that MisS Anthony will take
seat in due form, and will make herself heard when her
turn comes.
World, July 2, 1868.
The ladies of the spirited Womans Rights weekly,
called The Revolution, with Miss Susan B. Anthqpy
at their head, are setting their caps for the democratic
party. Availing themselves of the privilege conferred on
their' charming sex by leap-year, they are making the
first advances if not a downright proposal. Miss
Anthony greets the National Convention by hanging out
a fresh new sign in flaming red, brighter than the blushes
of Aurora, and all the way up three flights of stairs to her
office, visitors will encounter red signs to the right o
them, red signs to the left of them, like the cannon at
Balaclava. A conservative stranger needs all tbe courage

%lnt !Wv0lttti0ttr
of the immortel Light Brigade to run the gauntlet of the
blazing word Revolution staring at him on so many
sides. Miss Anthony has taken uncommon pains to
make her paper this week captivating and irresistible, as
will be seen by the advertisement she has inserted in
-this mornings World for the benefit of members of the
'Convention. But if she were a confiding miss of sweet
sixteeu, instead of the strong-minded woman that
she is, and the blushes of all those brilliant signs were
transfused into her own lovely cheeks, we suspect (snch
is the infirmity or the perversity of those odious
men) that she would make more conquests than she
can reasonably expect to do with the intellectual blaze
and brilliancy of this weeks Revolution splendid
new signs and all. We fear the time is rather distant
when gallant young democrats will not surrender to soft
eyes and modest feminine ways sooner than to a good
ipiece of argumentation in a female mouth. 'Miss Anthony
'will be the author of a Revolution indeed, if she suc-
ceeds in persuading the well-dressed beaux to prefer
wives to whom they would go to school. The members
the Convention are more mature, though we doubt if
they are much more sensible. But Miss-Anthony is not
of a temper to be discouraged by small obstacles, and we
applaud the spirit with which she attempts to make
hay while the sun shines.
World, June 30lh, 1868.
Miss Anthony, in virtue of her position as delegate to
the Fourth of July Convention, will essay to forecast the
democratic platform in Wednesday's Revolution.
Times, Juno 3d, 1863.
Miss Susan B. Anthony sends us a report that the
-democrats talk seriously of putting a plank in their plat-
lorin, to give suffrage to the educated women of the
country worth $250thus exalting their mothers,
"wives and daughters to an eveu platform with the biaok
men of New York and she thinks that if they should do
this, they would prove themselves more magnanimous
than Horaoe Greeley in the Constitutional Convention,
wPh all his boasted talk. We can only say that up to
this time we have heard no such report from any other
quarter; but we believe that if the sky falls, there will
be a chance of catohing sky-larks.
World, July 1st, 1868.
The Womans Suffrage Association of America have
spoken. At least its Central Committee have spoken, to
wit., Kfrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mrs. Horace Greeley,
Miss Susan B. Anthony, and Mrs. Abbey Hopper Gib-
bons. With a kindness which will be appreciated at its
proper value, they propose to anticipate and obviate the
labors of the National Democratic Convention by prepar-
ing a platform for the perty in advance. To this platform
we elsewhere give the benefit of our circulation. The docu-
ment will hot be amenable to censure for any lack of ex-
plicitness or nftveity, and will doubtless receive all the
attention to Which its intrinsic merits entitle it, and
which its exceptional comprehensiveness will challenge.
Place aux dames l
New York Herald, July 1st, 1868.
The Womens Rights Women and the Democratic
Convention.The Central Committee of the Womens
Suffrage Association of America, consisting of Mrs.
Horace Greeley, Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mrs. Ab-
bey Hopper Gibbons au^ Miss Susan B. Anthony, have
prepared a womens rights platform for the coming
National Democratic Convention. This association was
given the cold shoulder and completely ignored by the
radicals at Chicago, and the democrats have therefore a
splendid opportunity to take the wind out of the repub-
lican sails on womanhood suffrage against man-
hood suffrage, and for white women especially, as bet-
ter qualified for an intelligent exercise of the suffrage
than the thousands of black men just rescued irom the
ignorance of negro slavery. The Democratic Convention
can turn the radical party out of doors upon this issue
:alone if only bold enough to take strong ground upon it
in favor of at least the same political rights to white
womon that Congress has given to Southern niggers.
Evening Post, July 2, 1868.
The Revolution of this week announces to its
readers that the Plymouth Church contemplates the ap-
pointment of deaconesses, and that several ladies of that
church have declared themselves reedy to accept the of-
fice. The leading editorial article modestly proposes to
the National Democratic Convention the adoption of a
platform containing such provisions as suffrage lor wo-
man, the determination of controversies between the
general and state governments by conventions of the
states, taxation for purposes of revenue, payment of
the live-twenties with legal-tender notes, funded bills in
3 per cent, bonds, greenbacks instead ol gold lor national
currency, reduction of the acmy and navy, repeal of th>
income tax, mid taxing all fixed property except the 3
per cent, bonds. It is possible tbat the Convention will
incorporate one or two of these provisions in its platr
formno more.
The pages of The Revolution are made up prin.
cipally of original essays on politics, etc. Mrs. Mary
Wollstonecrafts celebrated work on The Rights of
Women, now out of print, is in' course of republica-
tion. In its peculiar sphere The Revolution is a
spirited and racy public journal, but we cannot sub-
scribe to its crude notions of finance.
Evening Telegram, July 2.1868.
The Womans Platform.The Womans Suffrage As-
sociation present to the Tammany Hall Fourth of July
Democratic National Convention a platform of principles
which contains some good sound planks and proves at
all events that an educated white woman is more fit to
be intrusted with the ballot than is the brutalized and
ignorant negro who has been invested with political
power by the radicals of Congress. The platform is the
work of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony,
Abby Hopper Gibbons and Mrs. Horace Greeley, and
the red men of the wigwam and their associates might
do worse than endorse and adopt it entire. Besides,
this declai afcion of principles on the part ot the strong-
minded females opens up a new feature in the campaign
and may get rid of a serious difficulty. Why should not
the Democratic Convention take the cow by the horns,
nominate Elizabeth Cady Stanton or Susan B. Anthony
as their candidate for the Vice-Presidency, and thus
strike out at once in a bold revolutionary policy that
would entirely overshadow the radicals and their niggers
rights and sweep the country from Maine to California ?
We invite the attention of Belmont and the National
Committee to the suggestion. Chase and Stanton would
be a wonderfully strong ticket and a remarkable associa-
tion of name, and so, for that matter, would be Chase and -
Anthony. Besides, it might really bring about a great
reform in the character of the Senate to be presided over
by a female. There would be fewer disgraceful scenes
in tbat body, and even Chandler, Nye and poor maudlin
Yates would feel the influence of womans presence, and
learn to behave themselves decently.
Evening Express, July 2, 1868.
The Revolution and the Woman. The
womennaturally enough malcontent when the inferior
race of negroes is given the ballot; when Cookies are
promised the ballot, and even Indians cannot be refused
equal and universal suffrage as men and brethren
insist now, more and more, upon women being taken
into the Radical party. The democracy acknowledge
their right to equality with negroes and Coolies and
Comanchesnot much of an acknowledgment, by the
way, but something in the way of progress, and lar ahead
of the Redicals. The last number of The Revolu-
tion under the auspices of Mrs. Stanton and Miss
Anthonyis irresistible in argument against the Negro
Suffrage Radicals, who w.:,l not give them equal rights
with negroes.
Dublin, June 13th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
I should have written beiore now, but unforeseen rir-
cu instances prevented me from doing so. In the mean-
time, I havo received three copies of your truly valuable
journal. The last one came this morning. Need I
inform you tbat your cause is advocated in these king-
doms by hundreds of men. On the platform and in the
British Parliament, it has taken deep root in England.
Your cause is so just and so fair that ultimately it must
suoceed. It would be needloss for me to express words
in favor of your paper, as it speaks for itself. There
never was a paper better conducted, or deserved more
of public patronage. It would be impossible for me, in
common with others, to do it justice, by merely giving
expression to our feelings. It stands on Us own merits,
and therefore deserves success. In conformity with
those views, I purpose to canvass orders in your favor,
and become solo agent in Ireland for the sale of so valu-
able a journal, should it meet with your approbation.
I shall let you know when I am ready. Many people
here are anxious tbat I become agent.
Mr. Train is working wonders iu this country. He
has brought the British lion to his senses, and will soon
make him tame, by submitting to the American eagle.
He has accomplished his mission, and you may expect
his retufn beiore long. He has won the affection and
sympathy of six millions of our countrymen on this side
ot the Atlantic, and let the Irish in America do their
duty aud elect Mr. Train as President. Womans Rights
in England is all but an accomplished fact, kou will
have startling news from Europe soon. War is inevit-
able. A great lull at present. Will post you in current
With kind regards and beet wishes for your success in
so laudable an undertaking, believe me, dear editor of
the American Revolution, yours sincerely,
- F. T. B.
Amsterdam, June 28.
Dear Revolution : When I left New York,
I promised to keep you advised concerning my
progress. Each day has brought its own occu-
pations, and this is the first leisure I have had
to give you.
I found your selection of Johnstown, as my
first stopping-place, a good one, for I met there
many old Mends. The arrangements for the
meeting had been made, previous to my arrival,
by the Womans Suffrage Association, and I
found a goodly number assembled at Kennedy
Hall to listen to my lecture.
I can hardly express to you the sensations
that thrilled through me during the few mo-
ments I satin the desk, before rising to speak.
There before me I saw many, who years ago had
been schoolmates, and whom I had not met for
nearly twenty years; young men, now staid
fathers of families; young girls, transformed
into comely matrons. And these with their
presence, brought memories of bright young
heads lying low beneath the sward on the hill-
side ;' happy hearts forever stilled to the pulsa-
tions of this lower life.
L It seemed to me for a moment, as if some
other place would have been better adapted for
my first appearance as a public speakerbut
the event proved your wisdom in the choice you
made. Perhaps kindly memories of me in girl-
hood's days, made my audience forbearing and
uncriticalbut they were most kindly atten-
tive, and at the close of the meeting, greeted
me with warmest friendship.
I found in the course of my stay, many who
warmly vindicate our right to the franchise. In
Mrs. Stantons native town, this should indeed
bo so. I met with several among the young girls
who are growing up with such noble ideas of
womans duties and responsibilities, that I am
filled with great hope for the future, not only
for themselves, but for the homes they will help
to make, the society they will influence, the
effect they will have on the destiny of the world.
1 wish every village in the Union could boast of
a dozen such youug women as my hostess
gentle daughters, and the two dear girls whom,
having never before seen, I yet felt a loving in-
terest in for their angel mothers sake. We
want such earnest souls to carry on our work
to counterbalance tbe frivolity and fashionable
idiotism of our cities.
Very few men with whom I talked were op-
posed to suffrage, while most of them favored it.
The only persons I found opposed to it were
womenand they opposed on the usual ground,
that they had all tbe rights they wanted.
Happy in the dear walls of tbe home, they look-
ed Dot out of the windows at the poor sad hearts
who starve for want of the crumbs that fall from
their tables.
Strange, that our good things should make
us forgetful of those who have only evil
One lady I met, objected to the paper, because
it handled questions of public morals so hardily.
It was not modest nor fit for women to speak so
broadly and plainly of such evilsand she did
not like to take the paper, lest her young lady
daughter should be shocked by your daring ex-
posure of wickedness. How glad I was to see

Wht fUwlittitfti.
the womanly color mount up the cheeks of the
dear girl who accompanied her that morning,
while she defended our right to open to the light
of day every dark and malarious jdaceour
right and duty to clean and sift and scorn*, till
no iniquity should remain hidden. A bi*ave
1 ittle champion of the pure and good and true
is that young friend of mine.
Among other places, I went to the Hall,
the homestead of a branch of the Wells family,
and built by Sir William Johnston, Here, in
this monument of the old Revolution, I ob-
tained my first subscription to the new Revo-
My next appointment to speak was at Glovers-
ville. The arrangement was first made for
Thursday evening, but finding other affairs
going on in town which would interfere with
my having a good audience, it was postoned till
the following week. The democratic paper is
published on Friday. Its editor, loth to lose a
bit of news, aud glad to have a hit at the sect,
alluded to the lecture as having taken place, and
suggested the propriety of the lecturer remaining
at home aud taking care of her little respon-
sibilities. One would think that in so small a
town as Gloversville, the editor of a paper
would know better than to criticise a lecture
which had not been given, or to suggest atten-
tion to duties which had no existence.
The lecture was given, however, on the fol-
lowing Monday to a full house. Some friends
kindly obtained the use of the Congregational
church lecture-room. I have since spoken in
Perth, Broadalbiu,' Galway and Amsterdam, and
must express my pleasure at the manner in
which the subject I advocate has been received.
Clergymen readily givejnotice eff my lectures,
and their churches are obtained without diffi-
culty. In all save one instance, the pastors
have been present at the meeting, and on one
occasion the minister was so kind as to open
the meeting with prayer. I mention these
things as evidences of the change that has taken
place'within a few -years, in public opinion.
The time has not long gone pas^when a woman
would hardly be allowed to advocate this cause
in any public hall ; and here, during the short
tiino I have been out, I have spoken in two
United Presbyterian churches, one Presbyte-
rian, and one Congregational.
In Gloversville, I visited several of the facto-
ries, and had some interesting conversations
with the operatives. The women working in
them make what is called good wages for wo-
men, but earn far less for the same amount of la-
bor than men do. I was much interested in one
shop in seeing the sewing-machines with which
the gloves are made, worked by a caloric engine.
This relieves the operators of much heavy
labor, a mere touch of the foot starting the ma-
chine and regulating its motion.
I was told that the operatives who run the
sewing-machines, without help of power,
soon wear out, the ten hours daily labor being
too exhausting.
Gloversville, with its fine factories, its sub-
stantial dwellings and busy shops, is a thrifty-
looking place, and speaks eloquently of capi-
tal and laloe. The capitalist grows richer
and richer. The laborers toil year after year,
their wages only just supporting them ; and as
they are removed by death or disability, their
places are filled by others whose labor again
only keeps them above want, but adds to the
overflowing coffers of the employers.
I visited one lady in the country the other
day who was working at gloves to eke out a
scanty income. The gloves as she received
them from the shop were bound, and the orna-
mental stitching was on the hacks. What re-
mained to do was to put in the gussets and
welts, stitch up the fingers, and turn them ; for
this she received/owr cents a pair l
I- met at one of our meetings the other even-
ing a very intelligent Scotch lady who desired
an introduction .to me at the close of the lec-
ture. She wrung my hand in her- hearty Scotch
fashion, and assured me of her earnest sym-
pathy in all that I said. She was one of the
thousands who signed 'the late petition to the
Parliament, and told me that her pastor, the
Rev. Dr. Rankin (of Glasgow, I tlrnk), was
deeply interested, and heartily working in the
Hoping for the prosperity and success of the
cause for which we are working, I am yours
heartily, Hannah Mao L. Shepard.
Editors of the Revolution :
When people for centuries on centuries have sub.
mitted to a hoary system of oppression, they usually
take it for granted that it is all right, and suffer on, with-
out even inquiring if it is so. Thus, every man who
borrows money expects to pay interest. He never in-
quires whether it is right or wrong ; but pays it, as he
pays tbe principal. In fact, ihe custom is so universal,
and has remained so long unquestioned in all countries,
that he thinks it is right. In the Mosaic law, God (it is
said) prohibited the Jews from taking usury of their
brethren ; but moral philosophers and writeis on poli-
tical economy, told us it was a law peculiarly adapted to
an agricultural community, and can impose no obliga-
tion on commercial nations ; as if farmers were under
moral obligation to lend money to each other without
interest, while merchants may fleece them and skin
each other, by the grace of God."
I never yet saw a good, consistent argument in favor
of usury. The two following propositions are indisput-
ably true:
First,. Every man is entitled to the full proceeds of his
own industry and skill; and
Secondly, Every man is under moral obligation to assist
another gratuitously, when he can do .so without cost or
inconvenience to himself.
These two postulates, which are so manifestly true
that no man will seriously deny them, knock the whole
system of usury, a6 the politicians say, higher than a
kite." Money is simply an instrument used to facili-
tate certain-operations in trade, called exchanges. It is
as much a tool to work with, as is a balance for weigh-
ing, or wagon for transportation.
Suppose A has a wagon, and has no use for it to-day.
If B needs it, and it were possible to* use it without fric-
tion or in any way impairing its value, then, according
to my second postulate, A is under obligation to lend it
without remuneration; because he suffers no incon-
venience or loss by its absence. Every day's use of the
wagon, however, impairs its value; but if Alend a hun-
dred dollars in money to B, the money suffers no loss by
using it; and if B returns it at the time stipulated, A is
as well off as he would be if the money had remained in
his own safe. Why then, should B pay interest for the
use of it ? It will be said, B made a good thing of if,
and cleared twenty dollars by using the money, and A
ought to have a part of it. How so? The labor.and
skill that cleared the twenty dollars were B's, and, ac-
cording to our first postulate, B is entitled to their full
proceeds. Consequently, A can have no moral right to
any part of it. He simply lent B a tool to work with.
When he parted with the money, he had no further care
about the use of it than he would have if B had bor-
rowed the money ol another. Or, it may be said, as it
has been, that paying interest is simply a commercial
transaction, and no man can be under moral obligation
to make any trade whatever." This attempt to divorce
morality from trade is worthy the genius of a political
economist. It is false in fact and wicked in principle.
There are thousands of instances where men are under
strong obligation to make a trade ; as selling food to the
hungry, or clothing to the naked. According to my se-
cond proposition, a man should make a trade at any time
when ho can do so to Ihe benefit of another without in-
jury to himself.
This whole system of usury is only a devilish device
to make the toil of one man and the fruits of it the
property of another. Let bondholders stand from
under." s. f.
Washington, June 26, 1866.
Editor of tfie Revolution \*
My attention has just been called to an article relating
to the Indian Land Treaties in Kansas, in The Revo-
lution of the 25th inst., in which my position is
very gravely misrepresented.
I agree heartily with your strictures relative to those
Indian Land Treaties, and as to their dangerous and
dishonest character. But you wholly mistake my posi-
tion as representative from Kansas.
I have not been in any way a party to these trans-
actions. The House of Representatives is not a part of
the treaty-making power.. That consists of the Chief
Executive and the Seuate. Not one of these so-called
treaties has ia any formal way come before the body of
which 1 am a member. I have resisted with all tbe in-
fluence I possess their ratification, and have persistently
demanded that the land be opened for settlement at one
dollar TWENTY-FrvE cents ($1.25) per acre.
Recently I succeeded in producing an investigation
into the Osage Treaty fraud, and-herewith enclose you
copies of the report I made and debate thereon, as also
a copy of a remonstrance which I have presented to the
Senate in behalf of my constituents. By a glance at
these you will see that my position is in no way such as
you stated it. Let the blame fall where it belongs
upon the President who authorises, and the senators
who ratify such corrupt bargains.
I agree fully with the advice you give to the settlers
as to Ihe illegality of these pretended treaties, and as
to the duty of testing their legality. Do me the justice
to publish this.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Sidney Clarke.
We welcome to our shores Madame Olympe Audouard
Countess de la Mortiere I
In common hospitality we receive gladly all who'cross
the ocean to see us ; but when a woman comes to Ame-
rica, with the whole soul alive to the devotion of her sex,
with earnest desire to know what progress we are making
in this glorious work, we receive her with open arms.
Madame Audouard has spent much time in Turkey
and Egypt, has written many books, and for four years
edited a paper. Among her warm, personal friends
are the great men of EuropeVictor Hugo, Jules Favre
Laboulaye, Dumas.
Her Guerre ~Aux Homines war against man-
written in retaliation of the ridicule and invective
heaped on woman, is sprightly and interesting, and con -
fains much truth. We cannot s^y that such warfare is
quite to our taste. Too much can, in truth, be said
against both men aud women, for in tbe degradation of
woman both sexes have suffered. Man cannot de-
grade without becoming degraded. Solet us help each
other to rise.
Madame Audouard's letter to the Chamber of Depu-
ties is fearless, clear and true. It cannot fail to interest
all our readers.
As ancient customs have been destroyed by a social
revolution, there must be a reconstruction on new prin-
ciples before freedom can be possible.'Idees Napo-
leoniennes, p. 38.
Gentlemen#/ the Chamber of Deputies :
Tou have presented numerous amendments relative
to tbe new law on the press ; but I observe with aston-
ishment that not a single one of your number has
thought of offering an amendment that shall clearly
make good the situation of woman in connection with
the press ; and yet, without countingsome thirtypurely
literary sheets, conducted by women, there are in Paris
five important political journals of which women are
the proprietors.
I know, indeed, that you represent man only ; as wo-


man, whatever may be her intelligence or .position, is
deemed by law incapable; and were she, as Madame
Barnabot, of Marseilles, proprietor and director of man'
ufactories, which are worth many millions, where some
hundreds of workmen are daily employed, she would
none the icss be thought to possess' too little discern-
ment to have part in the choice of a deputy.
But, gentlemen, if you would sometimes remember
that it is to this pariah of the law you owe your life,
that this displaced being in society, called woman, is to
you synonomous with mother, daughter and sister, al-
though we cannot give you our vote, you would concern
yourselves a little more in our interests, so gravely com-
promised by the position in which we are placed.
I will cite some passages of law in support of my as .
sertions, limiting myself this time to the press. The
1st.article of the organic decree of February 17, 1852,
and the 9th article on publishing, adopted by the com-
mission and by the counsel of state for the new law on
the press, both affirm that no woman can write in a
paper or in a written periodical but under pain of see-
ing herself condemned, or (on her failing) the respons-
ible editor, to a fine of from one to five thousand
francs! 1! Although you voted the first of these laws,
and are, without doubt, ready to vote the second, I do
not fear your accusing mo of exaggeration, therefore I
hasten to add a personal fact.
I edited a paper for four yearsfrom 1860 to 1864. It
was not political. I was summoned seventeen times to
the Minister of the Interior, and seventeen times was
my paper on the evo of being suppressed. Why ? Be-
cause I said the news of the day was the taking of Mex-
ico, they accused me of talking politics. When I con-
sidered the cultivation of potatoes, they reproached me
with meddling in political economy. At length, when I
spoke of woman, they said I had fallen into social
economy! If for three lines in manuscript a man may
be hung, it is certain for three published lines a paper
may be attacked and finally suppressed, its chief editor
condemned to a fine of five thousand francs, and to one
or two months imprisonment.
This sword of Damocles suspended over the press
lacks charm, particularly when one runs the risk of
being ruined, and is, like woman, without' the power
of self-defence.
The Imperial letter of the 19th January seemed to
promise a new horizon. Every one felt himself free to
establish a political .journalI mean every intelligent
being of both sexes ; and, strong in this belief, I re.
turned to the press in establishing the Cosmopolitan Re-
view. This Review was obliged to remain free from
politics, but after some numbers 1 perceived the dangers
that I risked. The distinction between what is and
what is not politics is so subtle, the demarcation so
faintly defined between what one is allowed to write of
in literature, music and science, and that which is for-
bidden by law, that one without suspecting it may.cross
the prescribed limits, even in speaking of trifles ; for,
who knows if in calling the admiration or contempt of
the public to the cold Bismark, one might not find him-
self accused of meddling with politics, and consequently
condemned to fine, and his paper to suppression ?
This danger has naturally alarmed me; and as on the
other side I saw, gentlemen of the Chambers, that you
were not eager to allow us to profit by the liberties pro-
mised in the Imperial letter, I wrote to his Excellency,
the Minister of the Interior, to beg him to authorize me
to give security for the protection of my paper.
See what the Minister of t he Interior has judged right
to reply to me :
Madame : You have done me the honor of writing
to demand from me authority to establish a political
sheet under the title of Cosmopolitan Review.
The 1st article of the organic decree of February 17,
1852, formally stipulates that previous authority cannot
be accorded but to a Frenchman enjoying his civil and
political rights.
"I regret my inability to accede to your request.
Accept, etc., etc.
The Minister of the Interior,
N Lavaletxe.
Paris, Juno 22, 1867.
This 1st article of the organic decree stipulates then,
formally, that the French woman enjoys neither her civil
nor political rights, since Monsieur, the Minister, has
based his refusal on this ground.
Let us pass now to the 9th article of the law, pre-
sented by the commission and approved by the
counsel of state. This article says : The publica-
tion of a paper or written periodical of an article
signed by a person deprived of her civil and political
rights is punished with a fine of from ono to five
housand francs I Draw a conclusion from this, gen"
tlemen of the Chambers 1 A woman in France, in the
year of our Lord 1867, cannot, then, sign an article in a
paper or in a written periodical without seeing herself
condemned to a fine of from one to five thousand francs I
What will the millions of strangers who come from all
parts of the globe to render homage to our high state of
civilization say to this ?
Let us hope at least that the 9th article of. the-law,
which you have fully and maturely elaborated, will not
have a retroactive effect, for in such case, as I have
signed since 1860 more than two hundred articles in
papers, and in written periodicals of all sorts, I should
find myself liable, at the lowest estimate, to a fine of
200,000 francs, and at the highest, 1,000,000 francs. Cer-
tainly, this would be paying dearly for giving form to
If one may sometimes reproach the law with seeking
to conceal that its articles are harassing and humiliating
to woman, the two articles above cited have at least the
merit of frankness.
Inasmuch as other articles of another new law will
not come to repeal these, inasmuch as a woman cannot
have like man, the right to express her thought at her
own risk and peril, her having a position in the press is
literally impossible; deprived of every liberal career
even at a time when she sees so few others open before
her, womau must renounce a right which it is neverthe-
less impossible to questionthe right to create re-
sources by intelligent labor.
Is that wbat you desire ?
No, a thousand times, ho, gentlemen of the Chambers 1
and I appeal to your loyalty to convince you that your'
position is not worthy the country you represent. Have
the courage, then, to demand for France a higher regu-
lation, in harmony with ideas of the ageone that may
respond to this great principle of equality which you
have inscribed on yonr laws.
Follow in this the example which Young America has
given you, and be persuaded that we shall know how to
bear the weight of our promotion quite as worthily as
our sisters of the United States.
' Do not forget, also, that there is found in Old Albion an
eminent orator to aefend our rights ; and that even in
Russia, a country which many of us believe is still bar-
barian, \Eomau is so far respected that she can dispose
freely of her fortune, her husband having no right to
oppose her.
Tbe Fresoh law almost always likens woman to a
minor ; but see where it lacks logic. Is it a question
of privilege or liberty ? It says to her, you are incapable,
you are a minor ; but if it is a question of crime, it con-
demns and punishes her as if she had the rights and re*
sponsibilities of a male adult.
In a country where the constitutional liberties of which
we are so proud have not yet penetrated, the custom is
otherwise. In Turkey the law regards woman as a
minor, but always treats her as such ; it protects her as
a guardian, and when it punishes her it is with the same
indulgence which is often used in our tribunals in judg-
ing a man who does not enjoy full mental vigor. This
law is, I admit, humiliating to woman, but it is certainly
logical, for if a woman endures the trials of minority
she is entitled to its benefits also. But we French wo-
men have the trials and humiliation without any gain.
In demanding for the F^each woman the enjoyment of
her rights, what can you fear? That she may become
eligible to office ? that she may be elected ?
What harai could that bring to the greatness of France,
to the security of the country ?
You fear, perhaps, gentlemen of the Deputies, that
your dignity' and that of the Chambers might bo com-
promised if women should come to sit by your side ?
No, it is not so ; for theymight be your mothers or your
daughters, two beings who to every man are most wor-
thy of esteem and respect. Do you fear that with the
feminine element the Chamber would lose its earnest-
ness and gravity ?
' But, if I have a good memory, you spoke la' fc year of
crinoline. You made some spiritual allusions to the
Benoiton family, indeed, even to the famous rapper
three grave questions, perhaps, but which have nothing
in common with tbe discussion of the Budget, with peace
or war, and yet your body consisted of men only 1
Do you fear, perhaps, from ihe bad reputation we
have of not knowing how to listen, interruptions would
become more frequent? It seems to me that certain
ones among you, even now, indulge quite freely in this
way ; to such an extent, indeed, as to lead the honorable
president to quote recently to a notorious interrupter
this memorable phrase : Begin by locking your
speech. Another question. What could government
fear in giving to woman the right to discuss political and
s ocial economy in the papers ? Does it fear ihat women
are not capable of the wisdom and moderation of M J
Emile do Girardin ?
Does it fear that our articles would be less droll than
tboso of M. Ernest Dreolle? Does it fear from the ex-
ample of the Siede we would not sufficiently respect tbe
sacred bases of society, ot order and religion ? or that,
in imitation of the good old Gazette de France, we would
not seek to show that an inundation, a shower of locusts,
and the ravages of cholera are so manyscourges sent by
God to punish us for the abandonment of certain beliefs ?
Docs it fear that our excess of enthusiasm might offend
its proteges, or that our coldness might paralyze its
good intentions ?
The government bas for along time had experience
of the way in which men understand and iulfill the
sacred duties of the presshow they acquit themselves
in their noble mission to enlighten and guide public
opinion. It is able to decide as to the worth of the pa-
triotism of some and the disinterestedness of others*
It knows, also, how far to rely on certain recompenses
and subsidies. It is, therefore, on this account, with
out doubt, that it wishes to leave to men tbe exclusive
right to deal with the most sacred interests of the coun-
try, fearing that women would not know how to reach
those heights, which are nevertheless so accessible.
Should government grant us, then, the liberty to con-
cern ourselves with politics, this boldness on its part
would not be a very great imprudence, for if we are not
on a level with our coadjutors, if there are more unsound
beads among us than among ^bem; if we find ourselves,
perchance, less zealous-or less unskilfully devoted ; if
in a word, we should say white when we ought to say
black, the government would always have the means of
silencing us, the right of imposing on ns a fine of 5,000
francs with some months imprisonment to boot, with-
out speaking of suppression, which is the ultima ratio
of tbe administration.
Our conclusion, as is evident, is not based on an ex-
ception in our favor. Common right, equality before
the law, with all its consequences, nothing more, but
also nothing less. Anything is preferable to a system-
atic exclusion, as wounding as it is humiliating to ou
Paris, June 19,1867.
The Herald of Health.--Tbe July number has ex-
cellent articles on Education of Girls ; Art of Using tbe
Body ; Sentimental Marriage ; Work for Women ; Indi-
gestion and its Remedies; Tbe Deaf and Dumb, and
many others. Training tbe Child, by Mrs. E. Cakes
Smith, is rich in valuable suggestion, like the following :
As is the ruler, so arc the people ; as are the people,
so are the mothers who have reared them ; for woman
was designed to be the great moral, spiritual centre;
and, therefore, men have a right to look to her even more
than to themselves for the right training of the child.
If all the intellect in the world were freely used, I do
not tnink there would be a superabundance. If men
were more thoughtful than they are, and women were
freely admitted to share in all subjects pertaining to
legislation, in order to help on ideas, I do not thiuk the
world would be any too wise ; while at present the race
is stultified in-order to keep one sex within the sphere of
action which the other conceives to be appropriate for
her, as if she were not tho best judge of where she be-
longs and what she is best able to do. New York :
Miller, Wood & Co., 15 Laight street.
Ladies RepositoryReligious and Literary.V
Univcrsalist Magazine, and well worthy tbe patronage of
the denomination. Tbe July number is particularly
valuable. Boston, Universalist Publishing House, 37
The Atlantic Monthly.Excellent reading of its
kind; perhaps none better. But the country needs
help ; solid, practical, stern truth. In some bar*
bors a craft is kept afloat, able by its construction to be
placed on each side of a ship, and to lift it over a bar or
shoal and place it alongside the pier. Our countiy needs
jU6t such an appliance in its literature and religion. The
Atlantic, has one article on The Great Erie Railroad
Imbroglio, worth the price of the years subscription
Would that many more of its pages were as well stored.
True enough the article says: We may safely affirm,
that neither in tbe ascendaney of Mr. Drew, nor of tbe
Vanderbilt clique, is any health possible. What tho Erie
Road needs is Revolution. Boston : Ticknor & Fields.
New York : 63 Bleecker street.

\ r


£lii' lii'iuiliitiuii.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
NEW YORK, JULY 9, 1868.
Eternal vigilance is no more the price of
liberty than of £>roperty and life. Government
was once thought to be the protector, not the
plunderer, of the people. Now, the people need
to pray without ceasing to be protected from
their protectors.
A week or two since we had occasion to call
attention to some wholesale swindling of the
people by their Congress, in the sale of govern-
ment lauds in Kansas. During the year 1867
the Indiati Bureau sold a million and a half of
acres of these lands (the Cherokee) at prices
varying from a dollar ten to a dollar twenty-five
cents, to a few single individualsSenator
Pomeroy, as was said, purchasing a hundred
and thirty-four thousand acres, a personal
friend of his a much larger amount, and Mr.
L. L. Smith, President of the Missouri Rail-
road Compauy, a little less than a hundred thou-
sand acres. Were these transactions strictly
legal naid strictly moral, in the low estimate of
worldly morality, still the tendency of all such
monopoly is ever fatal to national growth and
prosperity, and should be resisted like piracy
on the seas as against the pursuit of lawful
But these sales are wholly illegal aud uncon-
stitutional, as well as immoral; and this Sena-
tor'Pomeroy must have known when he made
the purchase as well as wlign m secret session of
the Senate he voted to permit the sale. Aud
what made the whole transaction more shame-
ful aud infamous in his particular case vas, that
the swindle was perpetrated on his own consti-
tuents in particular, as well as generally on the
whole nation.
And now another similar scheme is pending,
with every prospect of success, under what is
called the Osage Treaty. The House of Repre-
sentatives in Congress has unanimously passed
a vote of protest against the ratification of that
treaty, as an outrage on the rights of the In-
dians, and as unauthorized by the Constitution
and laws of the United States. But, with another
twenty-four million of. dollars in prospect to be
made out of it, what will the Senate care for any
sudh cobweb barriers against ratification as
these? Even the New York Tribune doubts
if there be integrity enough in that body to
save it.
The Chicago Advance has a brief history of
the Osage Treaty and its antecedents, from
which we condense a few particulars.
Forty years ago the government, it seems,
owed the Cherokees $800,000 in gold, for
which it gave them by treaty, lands in the
southwestern part of what is now Kansas. The
Indians never occupied it; but it has been
gradually settled by the whites, who have
squatted on and improved it, in the expec-
tation of finally buying it, uuder pre-emption
right, at government price, with whatever improve-
ments they shotdd make. The first proposition
to buy these lands was made about two years
ago, in the interest of the South West Pacific
Railroad. Then Secretary Harlan, on the last
day of his official term, before Mr. Browning
assumed the office, sold the tract to the Ameri-
can Emigrant Company of Connecticut. The
sale excited great indiguation among the people
of Kansas, and Attorney-General Stanbery de-
cided it illegal. Finally, eight months ago,
Secretary Browning sold the same trartt tor
$800,000, to James F. Joy. Thereupon, the
Emigrant Company gave notice that they would
contest the sale, as the title could only be taken
from them. Then, as it is reported, Mr. Joy
and the Mnigrant Company effected an alliance,
offensive and defensive, by which they were to com-
bine and procure, by such means as the Lobby does
not scruple to employ, a ratification of the treaty
from the Senate.
Immediately West of these Cherokee neutral
lands lies the tract known as the Ceded Lands.
To the northern half of these, as well as to
lands lying west of the counties named (the
Osage Diminished Reserve and Trust Lands),
the government obtained title by treaty, in
trust for the Osagcsthe whole comprising an
area of about 27 by 30 miles, usually estimated
at 8,000,000 acAes^ but really comprising 8,722,-
000 acres. /
And here enters another character, Mr. Wm.
Sturges, a woaUhy capitalist of Chicago. He
having in some way achieved the ownership re-
ferred to, conceived the idea of uniting thereto
the proprietorship of the Osage lands. A
shrewd lawyer in Washington (whether ex-As-
sistant-Treasurer Chandler or not is not stated)
drew up the treaty, and in someway secured the
good will of the Indian Bureau, convinced, be-
sides other Senators, the Chairman of the Com-
mittee on Public Lands, Senator Pomeroy, and
the Chairman of the Committee on Indian Af-
fairs, Senator Henderson, that all was right,
immediately instructions were issued to a
Board of Commissioners to the Osage country
to conclude a treaty. This was necessary, be-
cause the Indians stubbornly refused to sell the
lands, and moreover wbuld not send a deputa-
tion to Washington to treat with the govern-
ment The instructions specially provided
that none but the Sturges Company should he the
purchaser, and that not more than twenty-five
cents per acre should be paid for the land! The
Commission was well backed with presents for
the Indians on the one hand, and a force of
dragoons on the other. But neither availed,
till, as the Council was scattering, two
white men, it was alleged, were killed by the
Indians. This event reopened the parley, and
the Commissioners sternly assured the fright-
ened Indians that if the treaty was not forthwith
signed, the entire tribe should be made to expiate-
the murders. Thoroughly demoralized, the In-
dians strove for the precedence in affixing their
mark to the unwelcome document. Such were
a lew of the means employed, which the
House of Representatives declares to be an
This treaty, if ratified by the Senate, will
barter away, without any legal or constitutional
authority, and in fearful violation of all moral
right, almost one-sixth of the whole state of
Kansas. Two-fifths of this immense tract, it
is said, are of a beauty the most picturesque,
and. made up of the finest-order of farming
and grzing lands; while the remainder, al-
though less vjiluable agricuUurally, is incalcu-
lably rich in lead, copper and salt. It is as
thickly settled as almost any portion of the state,
and by a remarkably industrious, frugal and
patriotic class of people, chiefly United States
soldiers. Populous towns are scattered here
and there, and nowhere in the west is labor at-
tended with surer or more liberal returns.
The treaty, as finally concluded, under pres-
sure as above described, ceded the entire 8,-
732,000. acres for $1,600,000, payable in thirty-
two annual installments, with interest at five
per cent. The settlers on the trust lands are,
under it, to get themselves titles to 160 acres
each, at $1.25 per acre, payable to the com-
pauy !
This is but a specimen of the business carried
on at Washington under the good name of gov-
ernment. The Revolution shall not he at
fault in its exposure, whatever party is in
power. The Country e^ery now and then is ter-
rified and stunned with accounts of Indian war,
Indian massacre, when, ere all the provoca-
tion known, it is doubtful whether the poor
children of the forest would not after all com-
pel universal admiration for their patience and
Man seems naturally an oppressor; not al-
ways with malice, perhaps never with malice un-
less resisted. First, lie subdued-the earth, then
the animals,, then the weaker of his own race ;
now the negro, the Indian, and lastly woman.
Without perhaps knowing it, certainly without
consideration, he makes all these his victims ;
and the extent of his oppression is in propOT-\
tion to the resistance he.meets. A French king
exclaimed, lam the state. So does every
male citizen. His will is law ; his dominion is
over all he can subjugate. While the animal
serves well, he lives, but no longer. He made
the negro a slave, and robbed him of his labor.
Now, he robs the Indian of his land. If the
negro resisted, he killed or sold him. If the
Indian resists, he both robs and kills him.
Man may not believe it, but he holds woman to-
day under the same rigor. She, too, is bis vic-
tim. She submits because she must. Men
dread no war of races while the subjugated are
helpless. A war of sexes is not"presumed pos-
sible ; but the tyranny of sex will not be sur-
rendered without conflict any more than that of
race.' The last enemy to he destroyed is death;
but tbe last devil to be cast out is not love of
rule, but deadly determination to rule. Men will
subjugate the brute creation ; strong races will
rule the weak, even unto slavery and death ;
governments will plunder tbe people as this
article clearly shows ; and the conflict with wo-
men only waits its hour. Womans right of
suffrage may soon come, as it has come to the
southern freedmen ; but the right still to rob;
steal and swindle is not surrendered. It is only-
extended to the white working man and woman,
as well as the Indian and the slave. p. p-
Some friends write us to know what the dif-
ference is between the American Equal Rights
Association and the Womans Suffrage As-
sociation of America. We answer : the former,
of which Lucretia Mott is President, was organ-
ized at the close of the war, before the enfran-
chisement of the black men of the south, to
demand suffrage for women and black men and
equal rights for both everywhere, in the church,
the state and the home. During the last year,
as Womans Suffrage -Associations have been
forming in different parts of the country, for
the sole purpose of securing suffrage for women,
it was thought advisable to have a central com-
mittee of correspondence in New York to plan
work, distribute tracts and petitions, and com-

3DIU |Uv0luti0tt.
municate, through The Revolution, with
similar .Associations throughout the couritry.
The Equal Rights Association speaks through
the Anti-Slavery Standard, which, though not
its organ, hospitably entertains the ques-
tion of Womans Suffrage, while The Revolu-
tion, holding the ground of universal suffrage
irrespective of color or sex, is specially the
organ of the Womans Suffrage Association of
America, of which Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Mrs. Horace Greeley, Abby Hopper Gibbons,
and Susan B. Anthony are the Central Com-
mittee. , e. c. s.
We had the pleasure of listening to this gen-
tlemans able address to the Workingmens
Convention, in Cooper Institute, last week.
We thought, and from the enthusiasm of the
working men, it was evident they thought, that
it was the best political speech to which the
walls of Cooper Institute had ever echoed.
Carey is a great man, large, well built, .with a
strong benevolent face and well-shaped head.
He is of the people; and thoroughly under-
stands their hardships and necessities. He
nominated himself for Congress in his district
n Ohio as the workingmans candidate, and
without party or press, he was elected by over
eight hundred majority. It is through jhis influ-
ence that the Eight-Hour bill has just passed
Congress. He handled the momentous ques-
tion of Capital and Labor like a Christian
statesman, as he is. Whoever reads and thinks
on this subject will soon see that its magnitude
overshadows all others. In the solution of this
problem we hold the talisman by which to un-
ravel the perplexing mysteries of odr tangled
life. We never saw so clearly before the inti-
mate relationship between money and morals,*
nor the stern necessity for labor to organize it-
self everywhere into a social and political force
to sweep all monied and landed aristocracies
from the face of the earth. A system of finance
and government in the interests of labor can
only be secured by organizing a political party
on that basis, and electing those men to office
who believe in the idea. Carey said' truly,
that working men have been the lickspittles'
of corrupt politicians long enough. If they
could only see it, they have not the slightest
interest in supporting either of the leading
parties. Are not both parties land monopolists,
bondholders, capitalists, and equally zealous
in building up an aristocracy of wealth on this
continent. With all the money in their posses-
sion they hold the government in their hands,
and make laws for their own protection, while
they grind the laborer to powder. The party
claiming to be most liberal, calling the virtue
and intelligence of the nation to its support,
are at this very time in negotiation with the
Osage Indians for vast tracts of land, to be all
gobbled up by cunning politicians, lands that
are in right the inheritance of the people. The
lands in the Western States to-day, along the
line of the railroads clear to the Rocky Moun-
tains, are all in the hands of monopolists,
while the actual settlers, the producers, those
who cultivate the soil and add to the real wealth
of the country, are crowded back from the rail-
roads and compelled to bring their produce in
wagons for miles to bo exported. This ten-
dency to concentrate the lands of the coun-
try into the hands of the tew should be ended
at once, or we shall have a landed aristocracy as
England has to-day.
The whole soil of England is centered in the
hands of 30,000 individuals. The Marquis of
Breadalbane rides out of his house a hundred
miles in a straight line to the sea on his own
property. The Duke of Sutherland owns .the
county of Sutherland, stretching across Scot-
land from sea to sea. The Duke of Devonshire,
besides hj§ other estates, owns 96,000 acres in
the county of Derby.* The Duke of Richmond
has 40,000 acres at Goodwood and 300,000 acres
at Gordon Castle. We have men in Washing-
ton to-day who own their thousands of acres in
our western prairies, who are cheating the
Indians out of their possessions to secure more,
and what is true of landed property is true of
every other species of wealth. And just in pro-
portion as wealth is concentrated in the hands
of the few, the people are impoverished and de-
graded. How is this done ? Not by brute
force, violence and war, as in fuedal times, but
by cunning legislation. Hence the need that
the working classes should be educated, that
they may have an intelligent supervision
of the whole machinery of government, and
see that the creators of wealth reap the fruits of
their industry.
The time has come in American politics when
the people of this country are to have a word to
say in the policy and affairs of government.
Everything points to ^-complete revolution in
the administration of our public affairs ; the
theory of our government is at last to be re-
duced to practice. The misery, degradation
and poverty of the peoplethe selfishness, cor-
ruption and bloated wealth of our rulers is
knownthe disease is on the surface, visible,
palpable to all. Philosophers have studiedinfco
the cause and the remedy ; they are talking to
the masses, and to-day the wisest expositions of
the science of government, of finance, of the
relations of capital and labor, of trade and
commerce, are found in the journals of wo-
men and working men. The initiative step
in self-government is being taken in the educa-
tion of these classes into its fundamental prin-
ciple, the right of every individual not only to
life, but to all those conditions of life that shall
ensure food, clothes, and a home, liberty and
happiness, virtue and education. Politicians
can no longer deceive a thinking and enlight-
ened people. We know in the nature of things
that system of government is rotten at the core
which perpetuates the extremes of wealth and
poverty, of learning and ignorance, of refine-
ment and degradation, which taxes the many to
support the lew, and degrades all in the antago-
nisms that must ever flow from the inequalities
of caste and class. It matters not whether this
system is kept up by brute force on the prin-
ciple that might makes right, as in the past, or
by cunning legislation on the principle that the
few were made to govern the many, as to-day.
Just in proportion as the people awake to their
own true substantial interests will they with-
draw their support from the present political
organizations, and form a new national party,
based on our grand American ideaindividual
rightswhich can only be secured by universal
suffrage. e. c. s.
The Women or Paraguay.ASouth American
correspondent of the N. Y. Times says, in speak-
ing of the war there, that it is reported that if
they are hard pressed the womeu will come to
the front and defend their country, by the
side of the husbands and brothers. Noble little
Paraguay will not submit. She deserves to
Resolved, That the low wages, long Horn's, and damag
ing service to which multitudes of working girls and
women are doomed, destroy health, imperil virtue, and
are a standing reproach to civilization ; that we woitld
urge them to learn trades, engage in business, join our
labor Unions, or use any other honorable means to per
suade or force meu to render unto every woman accord-
ing to her works.
The working m3U held their national Conven-
tion here last week, and among other resolutions
passed the above, as the best they could do
for woman. There was quite a spicy discus-
Sion in the Committee on resolutions on one
demanding the ballot for woman, but it was
voted down and the above substitued. Poor
human nature always wants something to look
down upon. These workingmen, struggling to
throw off the chains of capitalists, bondholders
and land monopolists, would forge new chains
with their own hands for the women by their
side. Not give the 100,000 schoolteachers the
ballot, who are to-day educating your future
Presidents, Senators, and Congressmen! Not
give the noble women the ballot who have gone
through all the hardships and sacrifices of two
revolutions, by your side Not give the 100,000, -
000 poor sewing women the ballot, who make
your coats, vests, and pants for one-third the
price paid men! Not give the ballot to
the innumerable multitude who wander house-
less and homeless on the earth, who, through
want and dependence, hang like millstones on
the neck of the race, dragging our sires aud sons
down the whirlpool of vice and corruption! Do
you not see, American workingmen, that the bal-
lot is the key to the trades, to the labor unions,
to the profitable and honorable walks of life ? A
disfranchised class is always a degraded class,
hence, they cheapen whatever labor they touch.
When men strike, already you see capitalists
substituting the cheap labor of womeu in their
stead. But educate, elevate, and enfranchise
woman, and you raise the price of her labor at
once. For example, the daughter of a mechanic
teaches school at four hundred dollars a year,
while the/man by her side, not so good a teacher,
nor so well educated, gets twelve hundred. Now,
suppose women could vote, do you not see they
would then be trustees, commissioners, Bchool
superintendents, and vote their own salaries ?
Do you suppose the daughters of Jefferson,
Hancock, and Adams, have so little com-
mon sense that they would vote white males
salaries three times larger than their own ? No,
no. If workingmen believe in justice, if they de-
sire to better the condition of their motherj,
wives, and daughters, give them the ballot, that
they, too, may make their opinions felt in the
legislation of the country. Men are as incapable
of making just laws for women, as are capitalists
for labor. In a republican government, those
who are taxed have a right to say what these
taxes shall be ; those who are hung have a right
to choose the jury, judge and sheriff
E. C. S.
The Way They Do It.Florida voted on the
ratification of the Constitutional Amendment' on
this wise : ten members out of twekity-four in
the Senate and twenty-four out of fifty-throe in
the House voted for it, and yet this is a ratifica-
tion, though the constitution itself says (Art.
IV., Sec. 8), A majority of each house shall
constitute a quorum. Is ten a majority of
twenty-four or twenty-four of fifty-three? If re-
publicans set such examples of fraud and un-
fairness, what can they expect when a new party
comes into power and place.

Theodore Parker, one evening in Faneuil
Hall, rebuked Boston with fearful severity for
her willing complicity in the crimes of slavery.
Many hissed him. He stood a moment, and then
said, This is the first time I was ever hissed
in my life. Perhaps it is the first time I ever
did my duly.
There are many Americans in Great Britain.
George Francis Train is the only one she im-
prisons. Perhaps he is the only one who does his
duty. In the midst of a most successful lectur-
ing tour in England, and only a few days before
he was to embark for America, he is set upon
and a third time incarcerated as a felon, where
probably he is yet:
------" Nor stirs the outer air
As much as little field-mice stir the sheaves I
What cares Congress? What cares the coun-
try ? Presidents are to be made this year, and
offices and contracts secured for the coming
four years, and what is the liberty, or life even,
of a man, before such issues as these? Or
wbat the honor of the country,, and its solemn
vows to protect American citizens in every land,
on every sea ? So we must wait. And we will
watch too what comes of it.
Meanwhile it is cheering to know that the suc-
cess of our brave friend in his lectures, was
quite up even to his own most sanguine expec-
tations. We have room for hnt a few brief- ex-
tracts from our British papers, as below :
On Monday, 8th June last, Mr. G. F. Train, of tramway
notoriety, delivered a lecture on Ireland and America,
at the Beaumont Institution, Mile-end. Although ad-
mission was by payments of Is. and 6d., there was a
large concourse of persons present. In the course of
his lecture, the delivery of which occupied over two
hours, Mr. Train gave a sketch of his career for some
years past, and denounced in strong terms, the manner
in which Ireland and the Irish have been treated by Eng-
land. He believed the Irish would come back to this
country with a vengeance as well as they had gone awayt
He seemed to think that his election to the Presidency of
America was about the best redress of Irish grievances
that could be accomplished. He called upon them to
look trpon kip becoming President as a guarantee of
Irish nationality. Referring to English politics, he looked
upon Mr. Disraeli as the greatest radical in this country,
and prophesied the right hon. gentleman would-be one
day president oi a republic in England. The lecture
was throughout a very stormy affair. Frequent refer"
ences to Fenianism and the Fenian trials aroused the
crowded audience to much excitement, and the lecturer
was rewarded at the close of his harangue with most
enthusiastic plaudits.Lloyds London Paper.
This distinguished American traveller and champion
of Irish rights has been engaged during the week in a
tour through England, where he has lectured to over-
flowing audiences at Manchester on Friday night, Brad-
ford on Monday night, Leeds on Tuesday night, and
Liverpool on Wednesday night. We ore compelled from
want of space to omit full reports of his lectures, but, as
usual, tboy wore a bold and defiant' attitude toward the
oppressors of Hibernia, and a warm espousal of Irish
Nationality. Several times was he overpowered with the
most' vociferous applause, and such enthusiasm was
never witnessed before. Mr. Train was accompanied in
his tour by Mr. George Haslam. Votes of thanks were
unanimously tendered to the talented lecturer. There is
jiq doubt that'Mr. Train has installed himself a tremen-
dous favorite with the Irish people, both in Ireland and
England. It is due to Mr. Train to say tbathe has paid all
his own expenses ; the whole of the proceeds of the lec-
tures being devoted to the relief of the sufferers by the
Irish state prosecutions. He has our best wishes, and in
him, and through him the people of America, we firmly
believe the Irish people have a warm and sincere advocate
of their rights. Brilliant addresses, couched in most
eulogistic terms, were presented to Mr. Train at the con-
clusion of each lecture.London Universal News.
George Francis Train spoke at the Free Trade Hall,
Wtu gUvrtlutifltt.
Manchester, Friday, 12th ; Bradford, 15th ; Leeds, 16th ;
for the benefit of the OBrien, Larkin, and Allen Fund ;
subjects In re America v. England, wherein America
agrees to give up the Alabama claims, but demands the
instant release of American citizens ; Legalized Piracy,
Alabama Neutrality, ihe Law of Nations. On the 18th,
at Dublin, he will probably be remanded hack to jail.
Mr. Trains visit to London was-a great success. His
victory over his enemies was complete. TheJrish and
the English working men gave him an ovation that is
seldom given to any man, Beaumont Hall was packed
one nightat one side of Londonand the next, Cam-
bridge Halt, in Oxford street, on the other side, was filled
to overflowing. Col. Dickson and Mr. Beales, the Re-
form champions who showed their power in Hyde Park,
invited him to be present at their executive meeting,
where he delivered a short address asking them to help
him to get the American citizens released, and John
Stuart Mill in the House agreed to pat the question to
the Home Secretary as to Costello and Warren of the
Jacknell. All these were successes, but the greatest
success of all was the reinstating oi Mr. Train to his old
honors in the ancient and honorable eocioty of the
Cogers. It will be remembered that during the civil
waror about its commencementMr. Trainfs fight for
the tramways culminated in the authorities taking up
the rails, and the law courts making him pay the bills
an instance of British justice (?). Mr. Train has not for-
gotten ; and Sir John Shelley was first thrown out of
society, then out of Parliament, then his Bank of Lon-
don failed, and then Mephistopheles took him to his
palace down under the sea.
Mr. Train espoused the cause of the Union to the ruin
of his own pocket, keeping the London-American flag
flying over the American organ, Fleet street, and chal-
lenging all opposition in the lecture rooms of England
and the London Discussion Halls, where his bold lan-
guage astonished if it did not convince. On his return
to America, he made a violent speech against England's
perfidy, which brought down the whole British press
upon him, and in a moment ot- passion the Cogers
expunged his name from the records of the society, -v
On Thursday night, in company with Mr;. John Armor,
of Colorado, he left the House of Commons, where he
was bringing Mr. Laird, oi the Alabama, and other
members, to time on American citizenship, and entered
the Cogers about ten oclock, while the debate was under
way on Gladstones Maryology. Mr. M'Gilchiist,
Ward, and one or two of the old debaters oame forward
and shook hands with him. Several debates had .been
up, when about eleven oclock there was a shout for
Train, and apparently unanimous. Our space will not
permit the speech, even had we short-hand notes, but it
was a masterpiece of eloquence as the rounds of ap-
plause amply testified.
Gentlemen debaters (said Mr. Train), this ancient and
honorable society is not a French affair, nor German, nor
Russian, nor is it American, or Irish, or English in its
origin. (Hear, hear.) It is a republic of letters, where
the only aristocracy we acknowledge is the aristocracy
of intellect (cheers)tne aristocracy of good nature
(hear, hear) the aristocracy of a square debate
(hear, and applause)the aristocraoy of fair play
and no favor. (Loud cheers.) .Mr* Train then, took up
the subject under debate, rapidly running through the
arguments of all the speechestaking them through the
religious tenets of Confucius, Mencius, Bhudda, Zoroas-
ter, and Mahomet, only to leave them on the threshold
of the Christian era, in a basket of doubt, as he bad
found Moses on the banks of the Nile. (Loud laughter.
Here Mr. Train suddenly stopped, when asked to pro-
ceed, saying that if his memory served him right, he
had no business there, that he had been expelled, and
his name expunged from the reoord of the ancient and
honorable Cogers, and that with that stain upon him,
he must apologise for having intruded upon them, but
could not speak when he was not a welcome guest. At
this point one of the most eloquent and learned of the
debaters, Mr. M'Gilchrist, rose and said : That Mr.
Train was only expelled by a committee of the Cogers;
that it ought not to have been permitted ; that he (Mr.
M'Gilchrist) had been the presiding officer for many
years, and he therefore, moved that Mr. Train be rein-
stated to all the honors and powers as a Coger in the
Ancient and Honorable Society of Cogers. (Applause.)
Mr. Davis, of the Reform League executive committee,
in the vice-chair, seconded the motion, and the Cogers,
by acclamation, reinstated Mr. Train in all the powers
and he nors of the society. Mr. Train theD eloquently
resumed the debate, and made a powerful argument for
educational suffrage and the rights of woman.. We look
upon this action ot the Cogers as highly creditable, as
the success of such an institution lies in its broad grasp
and liberal viewsIbid.
On Monday evening, this well-known American was
announced to deliver-an oration in the Lecture-hall
of the Mechanics InstituteSubject, Irish Nationality
and the Downfall of the British Oligarchy. The ad-
mission was by tickets, price Is. 6 lecture-to be devoted to the relief of the wives and fa-
milies of the Irish state prisoners. The room was
crowded to excess by an audience almost exclusively
Irish. On the platform were Mr. Trams reception
committee, who, as they appeared, were received with
loud cheering, which increased to a storm of shootings
and applause as Mr. Train himsolf took his seat. Mr.
Luke Talbot was elected to the chair.
The Chairman thanked them for the honor they had
conferred on him by appointing him to that position
on such an ocoasion as the visit of their good and illus-
trious friend, Mr. Trainan honor which he should
never forget.
Mr. Train, who was again received with long-continued
and enthusiastic cheering*on rising, said he heard some
friendly voice saycead mille faillhe. (Cheering.) He un-
derstood many languages, but he had not got far in
Irish. However he understood enough of it to know
what that meant, and to answer banacht Delieev, and
another phrase that bad gone all over the world, of
Erin go'Bragh. (Loud cheers.) The Irish were every
where a generous peoplea warm-hearted race; and
those cheers with which he was greeted, and that recep-
tion accorded him, told him that it they were so gener
ous, they would be yet a little more so, and allow him to
pass those cheers on to his own countryto the Alle-
gbanies, the Rocky Mountains, and the Lakes, where six
millions of Irish would receive them : Irish-Americans
who, as he had learned to know, were the only true
Americans they had in America. (Cheering.)Dublin
On Wednesday night Mr. G. F. Train received an ova-
tion from the Irishmen of Liverpool such as has not been
witnessed in Liverpool for a number of years. The
meeting assembled at the Concert Hall, one of the largest
in Liverpool, and it is sufficient to say that the large Hall
was crammed to the ceiling with a thorough enthusiastio
audience. The platform was occupied by a number of
the leading Irish nationalists of Liverpool, and the chair
was occupied by Mr. J. 0. Barrett, an Englishman of
high position and republican principles.
Mr. Train, on presenting himself, was received with,
immense enthusiasm. In a racy style Mr. Train re'
counted his experiences, and his narrative, which had
all the bitterness of satire, and the wit'of polished epi-
gram, was received with a thoroughly instructive relish.
At the conclusion of ihe lecture, three gentlemen on
the platform volunteered, at the request of Mr, Train,
to sing God Save Ireland, in which the vast audience
joined'in hearty chorus.
On its conclusion, Mr. Train was greeted with cheers,
which lasted for twenty minutes.
A vote of thanks to the lecturer having been moved,
seconded, and carried, the large assembly departed with
three cheers for Train for Ireland and America. Ibid\
And whole pages more of the same sort,
worthy a place in any columns, but excluded
from ours by continual press of matter at home.
Some of the speeches, as reported, are an honor
to American eloquence. P. p.
Forney .Startled.J. W. Forney, in his
Letter from Europe, says the following :
Beaching the Washington, in Liverpool, a
pleasant but somewhat expensive hotel, I was
startled to find the bookkeeper and registrar a
woman ; and I noticed that women performed
many of the offices that are monopolized by men
in our country. In most hotels they act as
Why startled? We oannot see why a
man should be startled by settling his ac-
counts, or having his name registered by means
of a woman. There may be some reason for a
common man to have been startled but,
for the Hon. John W. Forney, ex-Secretary of
the United States Senate, and present editor of
two papers, both daily, there is no excuse.


Let America follow the example of England
(unless, like Mr. Forney, all the men would be
so startled that the hotels would be unoccu-
pied) and give the light work, now .performed
by strong men, to women.
A Cincinnati correspondent complains that
we misrepresented the action of the Methodist
General Conference towards their colored mem-
bership. We published and commented upon
just exactly such reports as the* newspapers
brought us from day to day while the Conference
was in session. It is no part of our purpose to
misjudge or misrepresent the position of any
portion of the community. On the contrary,'
we lose no opportunity of registering in The
Revolution every sign of advance, however
slight, in the right direction, and have more
than once adverted with much pleasure to the
course of tbe Methodist Church, particularly
its organ, Zion*s Herald, and Bishop Simpson
for friendly utterances towards both the rights
of the people of color and of woman.
So also the Baptists. The Boston Watchman
and Reflector, the best newspaper of the denomi-
nation in the country, thinks that one of the
most unreasonable aud unreasoning prejudices
of the day is that which would exclude women
from the medical profession. The Pennsylvania
Medical Society, by a vote of 37 to 45, has re-
fused to admit female physicians. Conserva-
tism, it says, is a good brake, but when it is thus
. used to prevent progress it becomes a folly, not
to say a nuisance.
In the same paper is this also:
Men oppose tlie womens movement not so much from
a conviction that its tendency is evil as from a dread
of losing their idolthe woman of their dreams. But
the question is ashed by many cultivated and refined
women, Is theidol of men the ideal woman? And those
many thousand women who are not idols and are seldom'
dreamt of by men, are not satisfied with the customs of
society and the laws of the state, because they hinder
them in their attempl s to have their own way in'work-
ing out their vocation and supporting themselves, Wifi
the feminine element, they ask, acknowledged to be in-
fluential for good in domestic life and society, change
its nature and lose its power when its sphere is so en-
larged that woolen may compete with men in secular
pursuits and in the state ? If Julia does much for James
at home, can she do nothing f6r him when abroad ? Is
a womans life exhausted when she has cockered
her husband and petted her children? It may be so,
but how is it with those who have neither children nor
husbands.? Grave questions these; they go down to
the very foundations of our civilization, and over them
we must scratch our heads for many years before they
are answered. But answered they will be, for Providence
has laid the burden of their solution upon the intellect
and consoience of us all.
A Report from a foundling hospital in
Montreal shocks all humanity with its dis-
closures. Of 652 infants received last year, 619
had died. Of these deaths 38 were under a
week j 368 under a month ; 583 uftder one year;
617 under five years ; leaving only two deaths
among all the foundlings in the establishment
between the ages of five,and twelve. The report
further shows that 424 infants were received on-
ly half clothed ; 8 were absolutely naked ; 18
had not even been washed, and 15 were bleeding
for the want of necessary attentions at birth ; 46
were tainted by a special diseas! of infancy ; 8
had been wounded by instruments ; 7 were more
or less frozen, and a number covered with ver-
min. One was sent from the United States in a

carpet bag; another in the bottom of a basket;
another in a water bucket; two came squeezed
and bruised ; another strongly nailed up in a
box ; another with a pin stuck through the fiesh.
The sufferings of eight infants, as well as their
chance of life, had been lessened by doses of
opium. It is no wonder, therefore, that three
were dead when received, twenty-eight dying,
and 157 in actual disease. Most of the remain-
der perished through the wretched constitution
inflicted on them by their parents. This insti-
tution is in charge of the ladies of the Grey
Nunnery, and Doctors Larocque and Carpenter,
of the Sanitaiy Association, who promulgated
this report, repeat their assertions that the Sis-
ters go their very best to preserve the lives of
these unfortunate beings, who have struggled
into the world against the will of their unnatural
Mr. Jonathan Buffum of Lynn, Mass., died
on Monday 22d of last month, aged seventy-
foul* years and eight months. Probably no man
has ever been more intimately associated with
every philanthropic enterprise than Mr. Buffum.
In religious inquiry and progress he was distin-
guished before Temperance, Anti-Masonry,
Anti-Slavery, Womans Rights, Peace and Spir-
itualism were inaugurated as branches of Re-
form. But in these also he was eminently a
pioneer. In official stations, in private positions
ot trust and responsibility, in the neighborhood
and domestic circles, he commanded universal
respect and esteem, and has left behind him a
record and an example worthy the study of all
who would deserve well of mankind.
New Nomination for President.In another
column will be found a notice for a Peoples In-
dependent Convention to nominate candidates
for President and Vice-President of the United
States. To this Convention, every Equal
Rights and Womans Rights Associations should
send delegates. We hope that without delay
ever} such association will take measures tovbe
represented there by their ablest and truest,
women. For almost a huudred years our Presi-
dents have been nominated and elected, and,
except for a brief period in one or two states,
woman has been as really ignored as though
she had no existence.
' Who are the Wise Men ?Ministers were
once supposed to be teachers, and preaching-
meant teaching. But a Scotch clergyman at
the recent General Assembly told some pretty
hard stories of the ignorance of divinity stu-
dents ; stories which would not be believed,
told by anybody but a minister. One of the
candidates in reply to a request to define hy-
pothesis, said it was a machine for raising
water, and another gave as a definition some-
thing that happens to a man after his death.
One thought that Galileo was a mamvho had
committed five murders ; another that Galileo
and Copernicus were two gentlemen who had
fallen together in some battle, and a third said
that Copernicus was a compound of two
The lady who translated the article headed
The Grave of the Billion, in this days issue,
is a resident of this city, and desires employ-
ment as a translator (of French or Italian).
Her address can be had by inquiry at the
office of The Revolution.
We are informed by the Chairman of the
Committee of Co-operative Reformers, that ar-
rangements are made to hold a Convention in
Chicago on the fifth day of August next, for the
purpose of nominating independent peoples
candidates for the Presidency and Vice-Presi-
dency of the United States. All inquiries may
bo addressed J. M. Reynolds, P. O. Box 488,
All papers friendly to Freedom, Peace and
Progression are respectfully requested to copy
.this notice.
^ ..........................
Portugal Reached.Portugal like Bethle-
hem, small among the nations, is catching the
inspiration of the age. The women ot Lisbon
have inaugurated a movement for their educa-
tion if not for rights of citizenship. They have
also a paper' called Voz Femina, conducted by
women and devoted to their interests. The
chief editor is Madame Francisca DAssis Mar-
tinz Wood, the Portuguese wife of an English
gentleman. Space is given to fiction, poetry,
music, history and fashions ; but it does not
appear that the Portuguese women have yet
asked for the right of suffrage.
Still in Slavery.Miss Sarah Skinner, a
teacher in Galveston, in a Report dated June 3,"
No longer ago than .yesterday I saw a woman from the
interior of the state who, until within a week,,was
aware of her freedom. She had been kept daily in the
harness, performing the work of an animal. Her only
food was beans, and her shelter at night the blue sky.
She stated that her case was the common lot in her part
of the state. All the horrors of slavery continue.
Mount Vernon Village News.Our young
friend, A. W. Macdonald, has commenced a
handsome little newspaper with tie above title,
in our suburban village of Mount Vernon, at
one dollar a year ; issued every Saturday. The
first number is well printed and conducted ;
and we sincerely wish it and its enterprising
young editor and proprietor a long and pros-
perous existence.
A Practical Woman. Mrs. Dr. Wildman, of
Vineland, N. J., painted tho outside of her
house last week, and on Sunday preached for
the Unitarian Minister, giving excellent satisfac-
tion to a large and appreciative audience. In
the medical profession Dr. Wildman is among'
the oldest and most eminent of the female
Divorces in New Hampshire.The Boston
Traveller says there are fifty divorce cases now
, pending in the single county of Hillsborough
to grant the whole of which would be the part
of wisdom, provided no injustice were done
thereby to children and other parties.
The Yates County Chronicle nominates Horace
Greeley for Governor of New York. Hurry him
up, then, friend Chronicle, before woman gets the
ballot, for he surely will never be elected after-
The ballot is only a slip of paper, say
some. If so worthless, why refuse it to us?
Back Numbers of The Revolution.We
regret to say we can no longer supply them.


A suhsoribeb, under bead of The Social Evil,
aays to The Revolution, Tou can make your paper
moro useful by seeking to dignify labor, and by a little
less denunciation of men.
My dear Revolution, you must learn that the
same sauce which has been fed to the goose ever since the
dawning of intelligence, will not do to give to the gander.
His stomach is too delicate to digest such unpalatable
food. In all sincerity, friends, I tell you it wilt not do.
"Why, if we should inferiorizc, belittle and denounce
men as they have us, they would either commit suicide,
-or they would rise up in their wrath and annihilate us
with bullets and bomb-shells.
Men are strong-minded and strong-armed, but their
-souls are feeble; they cannot control their own passions,
hence, we must not provoke or irritate them. We are the
mothers of men, we must have patience with them, and
not seek retaliation for past wrongs, but show them a
better way. We must deal with them kindly and justly.
We may not be strong-minded, large boned, or strong-
muscled, but our souls are full of powerpower to con-
trol ourselves, to control the spirit of revenge, power to
control and calm the passions of men, by holding our
own iu check, and by the love with which we bind them
to us and to. each other.
Touching the question of mans legislation, or how
man legislates for woman at Albany,' A Subscriber
says, The daughters of our state should learn to pro-
tect themselves. This they can do, by rejecting and
ostracising those whom they know to be libertines. It
is often reiterated, as a great reproach upon woman, that
they receive libertines into their houses, and make them
the pets of society. Of course they receive them, they
could not avoid it if they wished. Their husbands,
fathers and brothers take such men to their homes, and
introduce them to tbeir wives, daughters and sisters,
and treat them with distinguished respect. Are not men
masters in their own homes, and cant they invite such
1 viends as they please to their firesides ?
If women should reject aud ostracise all libertines
(and why not all as well as a part), they would often bo
compelled to reject and ostracise their own husbands,
fathers, brothers and sons, and then methinks very fow
women would have any homesleft. Women are com-
pelled to pet all the marriageable men, because in the
present unjust, dependent position of women, marriage
is their necessity. Women cannot well earn an independ-
ent living with only one-half or one-fourth pay for their
labor, so they must marry, and as Men generally marry
on the sensual plane, mothers and daughters encourage
the lowest propensities of licentious men, and cultivate
their own, because only through this channel are they
permitted to have any share iu the wealth, position and
influence of society.
The motives which induce women to marry, are
doubtless quite as honorable, and worthy as the motives
f men in taking wives. ^Vhen men prefer to keep
mistresses rather than marry unprincipled women, it
strikes me that they do not make much better bargains
for themselves than if they married. Where is the dif-
ference? Why not make a wife of the mis-ress ? Ah, I
perceive ; they oan keep as many unprincipled mistresses
as they please, furnishing an agreeable change of pas-
ture, or when they get tired of one mtstress, they can
easily throw Tier off and take another, thus debauching
and ruining themselves, and as many women as they can.
If men had never kept misiresses, it strikes me that
there would be fewer unprincipled women. When wives
perceive how men run after unprincipled mistresses, and
bow infatuated they become, it is quite natural for the
wife to seek, as far as possible, to imitate the fine mistress;
to make herself as fascinating, and if possible, infatuate
her own husband and keep him at home where he ought
to be. Failing in this, she sometimes becomes as un-
principled as the husband and mistress, and seeks to fas-
cinate other men: What wonder then, that wives are as
unprincipled and as lazy, and seek to dress as finely as
mistresses and prostitutes. If men were as dependent
upon women for subsistence as women are upon men,
I think there would be fewer unprincipled men and
women too. e. o. g. w.
Louisa Muhlbach on Woman.This prolific
and popular German author thus speaks in her
Fi'ederick the Great and his Court: The reputa-
tion of a woman is so easily injured, it is like
the wing of the butterfly, so soon as a finger
touches it ,or points at it, it loses its lustre ;
and we poor women have nothing but our good
a me and unspotted virtue. 'It is the only
shieldthe only weaponthat we possess
against the cruelty of men, and you seek to
tear that from us, and, then dishonored and
humiliated, you tread us under foot.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
Europe-Gold, like our Cotton, FOB SALE
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At
taniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Genire-of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Bank of England, or American Gash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit 'Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
frorn Omahato San Franciscos More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to seU foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalised Citizens DEMAND
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
VOL. II.NO. 1.
To our Servants at Washington from the
People at Home.
The resolution to tax government bonds ten
per cent, introduced and passed in the House
by the republican party, is a tardy and imper-
fect recognition of the necessity of doing some-
thing to relieve the discontent and oppressive
burdens of the people. The Republican Chi-
cago platform is essentially a rich mans plat-
form, and under the specious plea of support-
ing the national honor comes out boldly in
favor of the National Banking system and money
oligarchy which are making the rich richer and
the poor poorer. This parade of the National
honor in the bondholders and rich mans
platform adopted by the republican party at
Chicago, is the veriest spread-eagle humbug
and falsification of facts ever ventilated by the
professed politicians. The facts in regard to
our national debt are that the credit of the na-
tion during the rebellion was so low in the
minds of the pawnbrokers, but so-called pa-
triots, who advanced the money to govern-
ment, that the best price they would give for
the $100 bonds bearing six per cent, gold in-
terest was from $35 to $45 in gold. In other
words, the government was obliged to raise
money from the pawnbrokers or so-called
patriots, who took good care in view of the
great risk, in their judgment, as to the pay-
ment of either principal or interest on the
bonds they took, as to exact usurious terms,
which the law forbids to the ordinary pawn-
broker. Government, in this extremity, stipu-
lated, however, for the privilege of paying the
5-20 bonds in lawful money at par after the
lapse of five years, and hence their name of 5-20
bonds. The 10-40s bearing 5 per cent, goldin-
terest are redeemable in ten years at the option
of the government. The greenback dollar
yrhich these pawnbrokers or self-called pa-
triots gave to government for its bonds, were
not worth more than an average of 40 cents in
gold at the time they lent the money to govern-
ment, and now the greenback dollar is worth
about 72 cents, or very nearly donble the valae
of the greenback dollar which those pawn-
brokers gave to government.
bondholders profits in greenbacks.
If government, therefore, availed itself of the
privilege which it possesses by the act of Con-
gress passed in 1862, to pay the $500,000,000 of
5-20 bonds in lawful money as the contract or
law states it #can do, then the profit of the
bondholders will be as follows:
6 years interest on $600,000,000 oi 6-20
bonds at 6 per cent, interest in gold,
$30,000,000 gold per annum, or a total of
$160,000,000 in gold equal to with gold at
HO....................................... $210,000,000
Interest on the same lor 2K years, $78,-
760,000 in gold at 140, equal to......... $110,250,(00
The principal of $600,000,000 paid in
grceubacks worth $360,000,000 in gold.. $600,000,000
Dedact amoant of greenbacks loaned to
government in 1862......................... $500,000,000
Total profit to bondholders over 60 per
cent., or 12 per cent, per annum............ $320,250,000
The preceding table shows, that taking the
greenback view of the question in the most fa
vorabie light to the bondholders, by reckoning
the price of gold at 140, instead of 200, which
is the fair average of what they realized on their
gold interest, that then the bondholders would
receive in payment of the principal of their
loans, a greenback dollar worth about double
that they gave to government, besides realizing
over 60 per cent., or at- the rate of 12 per cent,
per annum of interest for five years. This is
the profit on the greenback payment of the
debt which the pawnbrokers or self-called
patriots howl so much over as an infraction
of the national honor althpugh it is in strict
accordance with the letter and spirit of the act
of Congress which authorized the loan of $500,-
000,000 of 5-20 bonds in 1862.
The profit realized by these pawnbrokers
or bondholders, taking the gold ^iew of the
question, may be seen in the following table:
Gold dollars,
5 years interest on $500,000,C00 of 5-20
bonds at 6 per cent, equal to in gold.... $150,0( 0,000
Interest on the same for 1)4 years........ 78,750,000
The principal of $500,000,000 paid now in
greenbacks worth in gold................ $360,000,000
Deduct for $600,000,000 greenbacks loaned
to government when they were worth
only 40 cents in gold equal to in gold... $200,000,000
Total profit to European bondholders, over
94 per cent, or at tbe rate of 19 per ceht
per annum in gold................... $388,760,000
This table shows the profit in gold which the
foreign bondholder will realize, if government
were, to pay the 5-20 bonds of 1862 in green-
backs, as the*act of Congress authorized.
Can any reasonable man tolerate for an in-
stant the infamous devices by which the
pawnbrokers or bondholders tools seek to
prevent the just settlement of the bondholders
claims by paying them in greenbacks ? Are not
a reimbursement in full of the sum loaned, and
19 per ceufc. per annum in gold thereon, a suffi-
cient profit to these Shylocks ? Furthermore,
the payment in greenbacks is in accordance
with the letter and spirit of the hond. Wherein,
then, is the national honor compromised


by the payment of the 5-20 bonds in green-
backs according to law ? Wherein is the pub-
lic creditor wronged, when he gets not only the
principal of his loan returned in full, with 19
per cent, per annum interest in gold, equal to
about 25 per cent, interest in currency? And
yet in the face of this plain statement of the
nations account with the bondholders, which
any schoolboy can verify, these pawnbrokers
or bondholders through their tools the politi-
cians, and their organs in the press have the
unconscionable impudence to say, that this set-
tlement in greenbacks, according to law is re-
pudiation, an infraction of the national honor.
A settlement in greenbacks according to law,
and paying the bondholders their money with
25 per cent, per annum interest added thereto,
is a curious kind of repudiation to tarnish na-
tional honor. What next will the bondholders
have the audacity to say?
Having now considered the profit which the
bondholders would realize, if the 5-20 bonds of
1862were paid in greenbacks at the expiration of
five years, let us consider the profit which they
are seeking to make by the payment of the
bonds in gold at the end of twenty years, as the
republican platform at Chicago advocates :
20 years interest on $500,000,000 of 5-20
bonds at 6 per cent, equal to in gold.... $600,000,000
Interest on the same for 10 years........... 860,000,000
The principal paid in gold.................. 500,000,000
Deduct for $500,000,000 greenbacks loaned
to government whefi they were worth
only 40 cents in gold equal to in gold... $200,000,000
Total profit to European bondholders 630 '
per cent, or at the rate oi 81 % per cent,
per annum in gold..................$1,260,000,000
This gold table shows the rich prize which
the bondholders and their organs are fight-
ing for. It is no less than a profit of $1,260,-
000,000 in gold for the loan of $200,000,000,
equal to about $1,700,000,000 in greenbacks,
which the holders of the $500,000,000 of the
5-20 bonds of 1862 will realize if the republi-
can bondholders platform of Chicago is car-
ried out. At the time of writing this, the Na-
tional Democratic Convention has not published
its platform, but the bondholders are in such
force to take possession of that, as they did of
the republican at Chicago, that the people have
very little chance of getting justice from either
of the two great parties.
bondholders swindle.
What, then, is to be done by the people to
protect themselves. They must organize all
over the country, taking as their nucleus, the
National Labor Union, which already numbers
over 500,000 enrolled members. This organiza-
tion must run an independent candidate for the
Presidency, who must be pledged to certain de-
fined measures, which he will use all his power
and influence to make the law of the land.
This organization.must also vote only for such
Members of Congress and Senators as shall
pledge themselves to vote for these plainly de-
fined measures, which shall have for their sole
end the protection of the laboring classes
against the impositions of the National banking
system, and the bondholders Shylock extor-
The Revolution is uncompromisingly in
f avor of maintaining the honor of the Nation,
and the protection of its Citizens against the
power and exactions of the Money Oligarchy
which rules at Washington, rules in our state
legislatures, rules the politicians, rules the
press, ruled the Republican Convention at
Chicago, and we have reason to fear rules
the National Democratic Convention. The
Revolution embodied its views on these
matters in the platfom of the
in number 26, which we cannot do better than
republish now:
1. Government to pay off the 5-20 bonds in
Legal' Tender Notes, and these to be funded at
the option of the holder into 3 per cent, con-
vertible bonds, subject to no taxes.
2. Greenbacks shall be the lawful money or
currency. The $300,000,000 of National Bank
notes, and $50,000,000 3 per cent, certificates
to be withdrawn and replaced by $350,000,000
of greenbacks, thus Saving about $26,500,000
per annum.
3. Government to issue currency bonds bearing
three per cent, annual interest in exchange for
Greenbacks, again reconvertible into Green-
backs at par on demand, and free from taxation.
4. The Secretary of the Treasury to keep only a
reasonable balance in the Treasury Depart-
mentssay $100,000,000 as a maximumand
all above that sum to be used in buying^and
cancelling the six or five, per cent, interest
bonds. This change will probably save about
$20,000,000 annually in interest.
5. The expenditures for the army to be reduced
to $30,000,000 annually; and every regiment
shall consist of not less than one thousand men.
When regiments fall below one thousand, they
shall be disbanded or incorporated with other
regiments. The pay of all army officers not in
actual service to cease during such term. This
would save about $170,000,000 per annum.
6. The expenditures for the navy to be reduced
to $20,000,000 annually, thus saving about
$60,000,000. -
7. These several changes would effect a tota
immediate reduction in the peoples burdens o
about $276,500,000 per annum, representing, at
six per cent, intsrest, a capital or debt of $4,600,-
000,000, thus extinguishing at a blow a burden
on the people equal to double the amount of our
present National Debt.
8. The income tax to be repealed. Taxes to
be imposed on all fixed property, including
bonds and mortgages, state, railway, insurance,
and bank stocks, and all government bonds, ex-
cepting the three per cent, convertible bonds
enumerated above.
bondholders profits on the whole debt.
The figures we have given of the bondhold-
ers profits are simply those realized on the
$500,000,000 of the 5-20 bonds of 1862, but as-
suming the whole debt in round numbers at
two thousand millions then the account would
stand thus :
' Gold dollars.
20 years interest at 6 per cent, per annum
gold on $2,000,000,000............$2,400,000,000
10 years interest on the same equal to.... 1,440,000,000
Principal of debt paid in gold at the expi-
ration of the 20 years.............. 2,060,000,000
Deduct the amount loaned by bondholders
$2,000,000,000 in greenbacks, worth 50
cents............................. $1,000,000,000
Profit realized by the bondholders on a
loan of $1,000,000,000 in gold, equal to
480 per cent in gold................$4,840,000,000
This vast sum of $5,840,000,000 in gold,
which the bondholders will receive at the end
of twenty years, for a loan to the government of
$1,000,000,000 in gold, must be produced by and
come from the labor of the people, thereby im-
poverishing them to the amount the bondholders
are enriched. The acts of Congress reserving
the right to pay these loans at the end of five
and ten years were framed with the intention
of lessening the cost of the debt by new loans
at lower rates. If Congress consults the inter-
- ests of the nation, it will enforce the payment
of all these loans in greenbacks at the end of
the stipulated five and ten years. In order to
provide an outlet for the surplus greenbacks,
Congress can authorize the issuing of three per
cent, interest bearing currency bonds, exchang-
able at par for greenbacks on demand, and
again re-exchongable into greenbacks at par, at
the pleasure of the holder. These three per cent.,
currency bonds to be free from taxation, both
principal and interest. This plan would in
time consolidate the whole national debt into*
these three per cent, convertible bonds, which*
is the rate of interest paid by Great Britain on
its national debt. The national debt of Great
Britain was originally contracted at six per cent-
and five per cent, interest, but that government
has in deference to the rights of the people and
to prevent revolution reduced, or, as the bond-
holders called it, repudiated the rate of in-
terest from six and five, down to three per cent.
In view of the history of our own and all
other national debts, the ground taken by Mr.
Beecher in his sermon last Sunday evening on
the text, Thou shalt not steal, is as curious
a perversion of right, as a sane man can well
be guilty of. But in order that no injustice be
done to Mr. Beecher, we give the following re-
port of a portion of his sermon :
He began by saying that there was no other
text in the Bible that was better understood and
more universally broken than the one he had
just read. There was no other period in our na-
tional history when it was broken so often and
so openly as at the present day. It was time
that this truth, though an old one, should be
learned by all parties and all classes and condi-
tions of men. Stealing was going on in every
condition of society, and fraud seemed to be the
rule in almost every business and profession.
In some occupations it had got to become a
thing to be expected, and no one was surprised.
The railway management of the country was
especially corrupt. He honestly believed the
majority of the railroads of the United States
to be corruptly used for the purpose of enrich-
ing the managers at the expense of the stock-
holders, and that those concerned in their
management could be called nothing else than
corrupt. Subordinates were also dishonest, and
railway companies found it difficult in these
days to obtain persons whom they could trust.
Mr. Beecher alluded to the government oAhe
city of New York at some length, saying it
would be known as long as Sodom and Gomor-
rah, and for largely the same reasons. The
Legislature of New, York was also corrupt,
and stealing was confined to both parties. It
was a question which was most adroit in steal-
ing, the democrats or republicans ; whichever
party vent vp, it went to steal, and whichever

lit* jgnwltttftftt/
party came down came down to mutter because
it hadn't a chance to steal. (Laughter.)
Corruption was also rife in the legisture of
the states of Pennsylvania, Kansas, Rhode Is-
land, and Massachusetts, in the latter state al-
most as bad as in the state of New York.
Mr. Beecher having warmed upon the qu es-
tion of thieves, seems to lose his head when he
comes to the bondholding thieves, and takes bold
ground in favor of the pawnbrokers or self-
called patriots, who lent the government
money during the rebellion at the rate of forty
cents on the doliar. The reverend gentlemau
pronounces the refusal to pay the bonds of
these United States in gold or silver as being,
in every disguise, and under every possible
plea, an atrocious theft; and I pronounce that
man, either by mistake or intentionally, a
thief, who does it, or attempts to procure the
doing of. it. Now, in the face of all this, let
Mr. Beecher come down from the clouds of
high-falutin and turn up the Act of Congress of
March, 1862, and he will there find, as plain as
language can make it, that the six per cent, in-
terest on the 5-20 bonds is made specially pay-
able in gold coin, and the principal in lawful
money. Yet, in the face of this written con-
tract with the bondholders, Mr. Beecher dares
to desecrate his sanctuary, which ought to be
sacred at least to Truth, by calling the fulfil-
ment of the contract with the bondholders, ac-
cording to the letter and spirit of the act of
Congress, an atrocious theft, and the man
who differs from the reverend gentleman in his
opinion a thief. It is difficult to imagine
whether Mr. Beechers expressed opinion on
this matter is the result of ignorance or dis-
honesty. His crusade against the peoples
rights, and to impoverish them and enrich the
bondholders, by an unjust and oppressive finan-
cial policy, is a swerving from the path of
rectitude, sad to witness in a person of Mr.
Beechers standing. Have the people no
rights in the reverend gentlemans opinion?
Is it no crime to make the laboring man
work for ever and ever, simply to keep
soul and body together, and bring up his
family in poverty and ignorance, leading to de-
moralization and crime, in order to enrich
bondholders and support a system which makes
the rich richer and the poor poorer ? Is it no
crime to take money from the laboring classes
to give it to bondholders ?
The following is the sensational and scurril-
ous language with which Mr. Beecher clothed
his justification of the, to use his own not too
courteous words, atrocious theft, which the
bondholders want to perpetrate upon the people by
insisting upon the payment of the forty cent
greenbacks they lent government in 100 cent
gold dollars, against the written law or contract
on which they granted government the loan of
their forty cent greenbacks :
And now, said the speaker, it is seriously pro-
posed to carry the nation boldly into this ring
of thieves, and by the repudiation of the na-
tional bonds to steal from those who, in our
emergency, advanced their means for the pur-
pose of maintaining our national life and Union.
I regard the refusal to pay the bonds of these
United States in gold or silver as being in every
disguise and under every possible plea, an atro-
cious theft; and I pronounce that man, either
by mistake or intentionally, a thief who does it>
or attempts to procure the doing of it. It is an
attempt to make this nation a vast thieving
body. (Applause.) It is not an accusation that
can be laid against one party orthe other. There
are thieves in both parties that are clamorous
for this national repudiation. This is a crime
that I think would not have its parallel even
among knaves. It takes a sort of man smirched
with patriotism and varnished with piety to do
the wickedest thing. (Sensation.) A pickpocket
would not steal the medicine away from a phy-
sician who was healing his own mother. But,
while men in the nations hour of extremity and
peril lent their aid, it is now proposed that we
shall pick their pockets and steal from them. It
is a thing for which there were no titles mon-
strous enough. It is a thing that every man who
has a conscience or a particle oi honor ought to
hiss at and spew at. It is a shame that the
churchthat is so loud against dancing and
card-playinghas not a word to say against
national robbery, national dishonor and national
Mr. Beecher than briefly alluded to the grow-
ing dishonesty in public and private life, and
urged, as the only hope of the nation, the care-
ful educating of the young by their parents and
teachers in strict honesty as well as piety. A
hymn and the benediction closed the evening's
Wfis it honest in government to borrow the
first $150,000,000 in gold from the banks in
1861, on the 7-30 notes, and to pay them when
due in gold in 1864, in bonds worth forty cents
on the dollar ?
Is it honest in the state of New York, and all
the other states in the Union, excepting Mas-
sachusetts and California, to pay the interest in
greenbacks on" these state debts contracted in
gold coin before the rebellion?
Is it honest to pay in greenbacks the bonds
and mortgages contracted in gold before the re-
bellion ?
Was it honest in the Supreme Court of this
state to decide that a loan of gold coin in the.
morning, repaid the same day in greenbacks,
with the price of gold at 230, was a just and full
settlement of the claim ?
Was it honest in the state of California to nul-
lify and'seb aside the Legal Tender Act, from its
passage to date, as a swindle and fraud on its
citizens ? If so, how about the other states that
adopted and acted on it?
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers is the
gotten np by
tbat Woodward has overdone the thing ibis ti me, and
has put his toot in it, by trying to twist the street in
Reading, as
two years ago, that some of the brokers that hold claims
are offsetting them against his Reading claims, and that
there is going to be high times generally in
With its wealth of luxuries,
and so forth. The talk isthat
in this Reading Comer, that he is going to invite all his
creditors to bis
and is going to give them a
and a certified check to every creditor to the amount of
his account with interest to date, so tbat the hearts
of the sharp men of Wall Street, who have an interest in
will be rejoiced and made exceedingly glad by the
in this Reading Corner, The talk is that
had better bunt up tliojje coal companies and capitalists
that he told the public in
were such
when the clique was running it np, that they had better
come in now when they can get it cheaper. The talk is
and his capitalists might have done better by waiting
till the
but as they are all millionaires, they may jnst as well be
stuck as anybody else. The talk is-that it was very funny '
as the cheapest stock on the list until the
and then suddenly squashed and said nothing about it, so
that the dear public to this day have heard nothing about
the bursting up of the Reading clique in Lord Cornwalliss
The question is why is this thus ? The talk is tbat
has gone into ground and lofty tumbling with the
and that Jim means to have his hand in among the green*
backs of the
that it was too bad the Union Pacific Railroad Company
would not take the
CIRCUS dancer's MONEY,
and let him in to have a slice of the good things monopol
ized by the millionaires of the Credit Mobilier of America
The talk is that
had better wake np, and make a fair programme for the
as thirty millions of dollars is-a deal too much plunder
to attempt to bag quietly when so much of itis
The talk is that
are a sale* and gold is a purchase, since a
passed a resolution to tax the interest of government
bonds 10 per cent., that this is
and if this is to be the financial policy of the Republican
party, what is to be expected from the
The talk is that the
have formed another pool to buy tbe stock and run the
price up. The talk is that there is a large short interest
in the
and that Keep is going to twist them, not like Reading,
but slowly and surely. The talk is that the
frag been aU settled, and that 50,000 shares of the stock
are to be withdrawn by an arrangement with Vanderbilt
and Drew,

the money market
is active at 3 to 4 per cent, on call, and 5 to 6 per cent,
on stock collaterals. On Governments loans are made at
4 per cent., while the large dealers are supplied at 3 per
cent. The weekly bank statement is not so favorable to
a continuance of ease in the money market, the loans
being increased in the large amount of $5,441,896, while
the legal tenders are decreased $1,727,864, although the
specie is increased $4,201,430.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
June 27th July 3 Differences.
Loans, $276,504,036 $281,945,981 Inc. $5,441,895
Specie, 7,754,300 11,954,730 Inc. $4,201,430
Circulation, 34,048,721 34,032,466 Deo. 16,255
Deposits, 214,302,207 221,050,806 Inc. 6,748,599
Legal-tenders, 73,853,308 72,125,939 Dec. 1,727,364
continues firm and steady. The price has ranged from
1X0% to 140.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week (five
days) were as follows t
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 27, 140% 140% 140 140%
Monday, 29,- 140% 140% 140 140%
Tuesday, 30, 140% ' 140% 140% 140%
Wednesday, 1, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Thursday, 2, 140%. 140% 140% 140%
Friday, 3, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Saturday, 4 (holiday)
Monday, 6, 140% . 140% 140% 140%
' On Trains town ridge the bridge is to be located that
is to connect two oceans. If it is built there, Mr. Train
is far more certain of a fortune than of occupying the
long-vacant presidential chair.2V. Y. Independent.
Mr. Train has a fortune already ; and when
Trains town ridge is bought, you say, he
will have another ; therefore he is not seeking
the long-vacant presidential chair for a
third (for who t would be so avaricious!), but to
make a Revolution in the White House!
Natures Nobility.All the true honor or
happiness there is in this world follows labor.
Were it not for working men and women, there
could be no progress in either science or art.
Working men, then, and women are earths
true nobility. Those who live without work
are all paupers.
-Get work, get work.
Be sure tis better than what you work to get.
Musical boxes,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments ;
Yoix Celestes (Celestial Voices), Orgonocleides, Mando-
lines, Expressives, Picolos, Bells, Drums, Castinets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable. *
They are fine ornaments tor the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions for the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
M. J. PAILLARD & CO Importers, No. 21. Maiden
Lane (up stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
is firm with a limited demand. The short rate has been
materially weakened, owing to a disposition on the part
of some German banking firms to draw sightbills against
shipments of bonds. The quotations are, prime bankers
sixty days sterling, 110% to 110%, and sight 110% to
110%. Francs on Paris bankers long 5.12% to 5.11% ;
and short, 5.10 to 5.09%.
was unsettled throughout the week, especially at the
close, owing to the Beading corner, and the move-
ments in some of the other clique stocks, which have
demoralized the market to a considerable extent.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal,
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
worid. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be had of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
484 Broadway, New York.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
Canton, 46% to 48%; Boston W. P. 17 to 18; Cum.
Coal, 34 to 35; Quicksilver, 22 to 23; Mariposa, 4 to 6 ;
do. preferred, 8 to 9; Pacific Mail, 98% to 98% ; Atlantic
Mail, 25 to 30 ; W. U. Tel., 34% to 34% ; New York
Central, 134% to 135 ; Brie, 70% to 70% ; do. preferred,
74% to 75%; Hudson River, 130 to 140 ; Reading,
96 to 96% ; Wabash, 48% to 48% ; Mil. & St. F., 66 to
66% ; do. preferred, 78% to 79 ; Fort Wayne, 108% to
109% ; Ohio & Miss., 29% to 80 ; Mich. Cen., 117 to
117% ; Mich. South, 91% to 91% ; XU. Central, 157% to
159 ; Pittsburg, 87 to 87% ; Toledo, 103 to 103% ; Rock
Island, 106% to 106%'; North Western, 78% to 78% ; do.
preferred, 82% to 82%.
Notary Public, New York.
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
continue dull, and though at times strong, the market
at the close was weak. The Border State Bonds and
Railway Mortgages continued active and strong, and in
demand. Bank Stocks are firm.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the foUowing
Reg. 1881,112% to 113 ; Couppn, 113% to 113% ; Reg.
5-20, 1862, 109% to 109% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1862, 113%
to 113% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 110% to 110% ; Coupon,
5-20, 1865, 111% to 111% ; Coupon, 6-20, 1865, Jan. and
July, 108% to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20,1867,108% to 108% ;
Reg. 10-40,106% to 107 ; Coupon, 10-40, 107% to 107% ;
June, 7-30,108% to 109 ; July, 7-30, 108% to 109 ; August
"Compounds, 1865, 118% ; September Compounds, 1865,
118 ; October Compounds, 1865, 117%.
for the week were $1,645,097 in gold against $1,605,958
last week, $1,866,870, and $1,690,144 for the preceding
weeks. The imports of merchandise for the week were
$3,850,662 in gold against $5,263,829, $4,465,888, and
$5,013,085 for the preceding weeks. The exports, ex-
clusive of specie, were $3,113,579 in currency against
$2,670,477, $2,359,561, and $2,546,370 for the preceding
weeks. The exports of specie were $3,227,532 against
$2,630,134, $1,890,532 and $2,967,321 for the preceding
Up-Town, New Store,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St.
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend, it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
Up-Town, New Store,
for sale at the office of THE REVOLUTION.
Enfranchisement of Women, by Mrs. John Stuart
Suffrage for Women, by John Stuart Mill, M.P.
Freedom for Women, by Wendell Phillips.
Public Function of Woman, by Theodore Parker.
Woman and her Wishes, by .Col. T. W. Higginson.
Responsibilities of Women, by Mrs. C. T. H. Nichols.
Womans Duty to Vote, by Henry Ward Beecher.
Universal Suffrage, by Eltzabth Cady Stanton.
The Mortality of Nations, by Parker Pillsbury.
Impartial Suffrage, by an Illinois Lawyer.
Suffrage a Right, not a Privilege, by J. H. K. Wilcox.
Equal Rights for Women, by George William Curtis.
Should Women Vote? Affirmative Testimonials of
Sundry Persons.
Price per Single Copy 10 cts.; per Hundred Copies $5 ;
per Thousand Copies $4u.
Orders should be addressed to Susan B. Anthony,
Proprietor of THE REVOLUTION, 37 Park Row,
(Room 20), New York.
The Great Epigram Campaign of Kansas of 1667. Price
25 cents,
Protection to American Iudnstry, versus British Free
Trade. Irish Nationality and the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Pacific Railroad. Chicago to Omaha. 125 pages.
1866. Price 25 cents.
Speech on^ Irish Independence and English Neu-
trality, delivered before the Fenian Congress and
* Fenian Chiefs, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music,
October 18,1865. Price 25 cents.
Speeches in England on Slavery and Emancipation,
delivered in 1862. Also great speech on the Pardoning
of Traitors. Price 10 cents.
Delivered in England during the American War. By
George Francis Train. Price 25 cents. 0
Second'Series. Delivered in England during the
American War. Price 25 cents.
And a Sermon on the Civil War in America. De-
livered August 17, 1862, by Archbishop Hughes, on his
return to America from Europe. Complete in one vol-
ume. Price 10 cents.
The Facts; or, At whose Door does the Sin (?)
Who Profits by Slave Labor ?
Who Initiated the Slave Trade ?
What have the Philanthropists Done ?
The Questions Answered.
150 pages. 1860. Price 25 cents.
Copies of the above-named pamphlets sent by mail, at
prices named.
For sale at tbo office of
37 Park Row (Room 20),
New York.
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MENS AND BOYS CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and dispatch, by the
Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
33 Beekman St., top floor.

The Tie volution;
1. In PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work ; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
withPoJitioianaUp with the People!
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Science not Superstition.
3. In Social Lite.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton and Corn, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the World
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized io Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell,foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Broth orliood of Labor, and keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
$10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
37 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line...............16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row, New York.
may be had of the American News Company, New
York ; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Louis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.
B. J. JORNSTON, Publisher.
The Liberal Christian,
Only 150 miles from Now York City, near the Erie
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by 28.
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point,
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp. . " > * *
Also a full set of
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
Box 6,695, New York City. '
The most important work on the true nature and
position of Woman yet published, by. the testimony of
many eminent critics.
1 Vdl. large 12mo. Nearly 500 pages, bound in doth.
Published and for sale by J. R. Walsh, of the Western
News Company, Chicago, HI., and sold at retail by the
trade generally; Price $2, or 2.26 when sent by mail.
ezw if.
for the price, ever offered; combining the utmost sim-
plicity and reliability with the inside minimum cost.
The first good, simple, reliable Sewing Machine ever
offered at a low price.
Agents wanted everywhere, loc and travelling.
Great inducements offered.
No, 1 Centre si., New York.

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