Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE; NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. IINO. 2. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JULY 16, 1868. singlecopt^^cekts.
£!)f Mrtioliitiiui.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON-,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, j
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
TAMMANY PLATFORM UNDEB TEE INK.
The Democratic party in National Convention
assembled, reposing its trust in the stupidity,
disloyalty and lack of discrimination of the peo-
ple ; standing on the opinions of dead men, who
having been under the sod a hundred years,
must know more of the vital issues of this hour
than the living men of the present, do never-
theless, believe (however unconstitutional the
fact may be) that slavery and secession were set-
tled by the war, or the wisdom of the North in
Congress assembled ; to be renewed and re-agi-
tated with the election of Horatio Seymour and
Frank Blair, unless ail the States be immediately
restored to their ancient rights, under the old
Union, Constitution and Laws ; in other words,
unless the moral world be turned backward on
its axis.
Second. Amnesty for all past political offences,
especially those of skin and sex, and the regula-
tion of the Elective Franchise by all thepeople of
the States. (Woman's Right's plank.)
Third. We demand the payment of the pub-
lic debt of the United States as leisurely as prac-
ticable ; for while the public lands and moneys
are concentrated in the hands of the few and
the producers pay all the taxes, the commerce
and industry of the country will be necessarily
crippled, and it must take generations to pay the
debt. By this means we make a fixed political
issue, famishing an excuse tor heavy taxation,
and thus supply the national granary from
which our rulers can covertly feast and fatten
at the public expense.
Fourth. We believe in equal taxation of every
species of property, not only the poor mans
bread, but the rich mans bond. (Cheers.) (Poor
man's plank.)'
Fifth. We believe that money that is good
enough for the butcher and baker, the pensioner
and soldier, is good enongh for the bond-holder,
#(Cheers.) (Soldier's and workingmen'splardc.)
Sixth. We believe iu a tariff for revenue, with
incidental protection to domestic industry, i. e.
Bobbing Peter to pay Paulin the right of
the State militia to stay at home in time of peace,'
in the reduction of the army and navy (of course
leaving all the offices in place and pay), in the
abolition of the Freedmens Bureau (the poor
whites being now able to furnish their own ra-
tions). We are opposed to negro supremacy,
and therefore endorse those legislative acts of
the republican party which secure equality to
the white and black races of the South.
Seventh* We demand the expulsion of corrupt
men from office (vide N. Y. City Government
and State Assembly), and the restoration of the
Executive and Judicial branches of the govern-
ment to their r ightful power (though we dare
not trust these principles by placing either
Chase or Johnson in the White House). That
the usurpations of Congress and the despotism
of the sword may cease, that the Military may
be subordinate to the Civil power, we will play
anice little game in Tammany, by which to ex-
alt New Yorks most distinguished civilian over
the proudest military chieftain of the day, and
the ferocious Frank Blair over the smiling Col-
faxthe said Blair being ready to draw his
sword to overthrow by force the reconstruction
policy of Congress as soon as he shall be elect-
ed.
Eighth. We deny the right of England to im-
prison American citizens for alleged crimes com-
mitted on our soil, beyond her jurisdiction; and
we demand the immediate release of George
Francis Train, one of the shining lights of
American Democracy, and ail our Irish voters
now suffering in British jails. (A hid for a million
voles.)
In demanding these measures of reform, we
arraign the Badical party for its disregard of
right, and its unparalleled tyranny and oppres-
sion in driving four million slaves from under the
protecting wing of the Pharaohs of the South
into the Canaan of Suffrage and Self-support*
After the most solemn^and unanimous pledge to
control the logic of events, both houses of Con-
gress hav9 acted on the higher light acquired
by time and fair debate, earned our flag to vic-
tory and restored the Union by destroying
slavery, which they had vowed never to touch.
Unfortunately, in this grand shuffle of the cards
by East, West, North and South, by some stiange
deal the ace of spades is always trump. Instead
of rebuilding the old Union, they have built a
new one ; secured the right of free speech, loco-
motion, habeas corpus, and trial by a jury of his
peers to the black man. They have established
tribunals to prevent arbitrary seizures and ar-
rests, and secret star chamber inquisitions,
tor the new made freedmen, thus giving an un-
heard of importance to those benighted Africans,
and making their political status equal to that
of all other citizens. Moreover, they have se-
cured to these people the privilege of learning to
read and write, to go to the Post-Office, and tele-
graph to their friends, to have their private
rooms^ papers, and letters, and made the South-
ern Bastile a free home for its people. And to
all these Jacobin measures, the Chief--Justice has
said, It is so ordered." These same radicals
have waged a greater war, and of course made
a greater debt than any nation in all Europe.
They have performed the most astonishing piece
of legerdemain known in history, in stripping'
the President of the clothes he made with his
own right hand, and rocking the pillars of the
republic from the veTy foundations, and yet leav-
ing the government firmer than before, and the
Executive clothed in Constitutional fabrics made
by Congress without gusset or seam. If Grant
and Colfax are elected in November, there will
be nothing for us to do, but to pick up the chips
of our constitutional liberties and meet in sol-
emn Convention to resolve and declare that
states where individual rights are held more
sacred than Laws, Unions and Constitutions, can
only end in a centralized, consolidated govern-
ment. That is to say, if the black men, being a
majority in South Carolina, should so legislate as
to deprive all the white men of the right of suf-
frage, and Congress should interfere for their
protection, it would be a flagrant usurpation of
power which could find no warrant in the Con-
stitution.
While our hearts are overflowing with grati-
tude to our brave soldiers and sailors for carry-
ing our flag to victory against a most determined
and gallant foe, yet we deplore all those legisla-
tive acts secured by their votes, that are the
legitimate fruits of their victories.
As to the Public Lands, though we did just
what the republicans are doing when we were in
power, yet, having been purified by suffering for
eight long years with anointed vision, we now
see that the Public Lands should be distributed
as widely as possible among the people, and
should be disposed of under the Pre-emption or
Homestead laws, and sold iu reasonable quan-
tities to none but actual occupants at the mini-
mum price established by government.
As calm observers, looking at the heedless
worid go round, through the loopholes of our re-
treat, we have been taught many sublime lessons
we never could have learned in the whirlpool of
power. In closing, we appeal to every patriot
(including all the conservative element; we es-
pecially mention them, as their patriotism is
doubtful, and excluding the radicals, as theirs
is certain) to forget all past differences and unite
with us in the great approaching struggle to elect
Horatio Seymour and Frank Blair, that the war
for the Union, the Constitution and the Laws,
may be commenced in earnest. e. c. s.
THE PRESS ON TAMMANY AND
WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE.
Evening Express, July 6tb.
A letter was received with great laughter from Susan
B. Anthony (of the Womans Suffrage Association), urg-
ing the claims of women to participate in elections.
The resolution was referred.
Tribune (Editorial), July 7th.
Mi hr Susan B. Anthony has our sincere pity. She has
been an ardent suitor of the democracy, and they re-
ceived her overtures yesterday with screams of laughter.
Tribune (Correspondence), July 7tb.
The speech (Gov. Seymours) was both heavy and long,
and hut for the memorial of Miss Susan B. Anthony on
behalf of the women of America, its somnolent qualities
might have affected the Convention for the rest ot the
day. But Miss 8usan may die in the belief that the de-
mocracy agrees with her that the little difficulty ot sex is
insurmountable, and she is probably aware already that
the Convention and the wards of Tammany, the Sixth
Ward strikers, file rural politicians, and the pardoned
rebels, are quiet as fond^of universal laughter as universal
amnesty, from the derisive cheers which greeted her
memorial.


18
&
Sun (Proceedings), July 7th. .
The Petition of the Women.The ChairmanI have
a memorial from the Woman's Suffrage Association, with
the request that it be handed to tho Committee on Resolu-
tions. (Laughter, cheers, Hear, hear, and cries of
Read.)
The ChairmanI may mention that this document is
signed by Susan B. Anthony. (Reiewed cheers and
laughter.)
The communication was then read.
Sun (Correspondence), July 7th.
Miss Anthony.The flood of resolutions aboutgreen-
backs, bondholders, military despotism, general amnesty
and Andrew Johnson, which, from its ceaseless flow,
was becoming rather a bore, was now gaily diversified
by a letter from Miss Susan B. Anthony, in behalf of the.
Womans Suffrage Association, addressed to the Presi-
dent of the Convention, demanding a distinct recognition
of their doctrines in the platform on which the demo-
cracy will fight out the pending battle.
At first it was suggested that the letter be sent, with-
out being read, to the Committee on Resolutions. But
the gentlemanly instincts of Governor Seymour prompted
him to arrest to ungallant a proceeding ; and conscious
that he had many warm admirers in the Association, he,
without distinctly committing himself to its doctrines,
directed the Secretary to read the letter. Its sharp
points excited applause and provoked merriment, though,
the laughter rather predominated over the plaudits, and
the lively document was finally transmitted for safe
beeping to the Platform Committee.
Times (Editorial), July 7tb.
The Womans Suffrage Association got a hearing yes-
terday in the Democratic Convention. That indefati-
gable and ingenious champion of outraged womanhood,
Miss Susan B, Anthony, drew up an address to the body,
and seoured Us reading in a way that everybody was
compelled to hear. She appealed for the enfranchise-
ment of women, and recited the well-known arguments
in its favor. She also adroitly intern ove through her
address a variety of telling arguments in favor of the
general policy and character of the republican party, and
secured democratic applause for sentiments and doc-
trines entirely adverse to their own,
World (Proceedings) July 7th.
The ChairmanI have here a memorial from the Wo-
man's Suffrage Association, with the request that it bs
handed the Committee on Resolutions.
(Loud cheers, laughter and cries of Read, Read.)
The ChairmanI may mention that this document is
signed by Miss Susan B. Authony.
(A cry arose from all parts of the hall, Read it, Read
ii, amid loud applause.)
World (Notes and Comments), July 7th.
When the offertory of the Women of The Revolu-
tion pleading for the ballot, despite the insur-
mountable difficulty of sex, was rung forth by Mr.
Perrin, the merriment that obtained was indescribable.
.Round oh round of applause, peal on peal, not of satiri-
cal but gentlemanly, good-natured laughter prevailed,
and Miss Anthony, the signer of the request, modestly
peering over her spacious spectacles in an adjoining seat,
became the cynosure of all eyes and bore peacefully her
blushing honors thick upon her.
Herald (Editorial), July 9th.
A Golden Opportunity LostIn the tabling of the
memorial of Miss Susan B. Anthony to the National De-
mocratic Convention in behalf of women's rights as an
essential clement of equal rights. Had the Convention
boldly taken ground in behalf of suffrage to the intelli-
gent white women of all the United States against the
radical policy of universal suffrage to the ignorant negro
men ol the South, they might have swept the country
from Connecticut to California upon that issue alone..'
The only alternative left to the Womans Rights Asso-
ciation is an independent Presidential women lights
ticket. Let them try it, and they wilt teach both the re-
publicans and democrats a lesson to be remembered.
The laughers are a majority.Pope.
The republicans make tliemselyes quite merry
over the fact that the democrats laughed when
the letter from the Womans Suffrage Associa-
tion was read in their Convention. Now, inas-
much as Miss Anthonys letter was about the best
word spoken in the Convention, and as Womans
Suffrage is becoming familiarized to the male
mind, we have no reason to suppose that our
ohivalrous democratic brethren laughed at the
-ft ft* ^nolutiou.
idea of Womans Suffrage, but rather at the
crude legislation of the dominant party, as set
forth in the letter. The President, Horatio
Seymour, received the letter with marked re-
spect. It was optional with him to suppress or
present it, he chose the latter. Surely that was
not treating the idea of Womans Suffrage with
derision. As soon as the gentlemen of the Con-
vention heard a letter from Miss Anthony an-
nounced, there was a simultaneous shout for its
reading all over the house. We had the pleasure
of meeting some of the delegates, not only at
social breakfasts and dinners, but in Tammany
Hall the first day of the Convention. .In talk-
ing with southern members, we were surprised
to find them so very liberal and well-informed
on the arguments in favor of extending suffrage
to women. One of the delegates from North
Carolina, among others, told us he was ready to
vote for universal suffrage as a plank in their
platform. But suppose Tammany did laugh at
the idea of Womans Suffrage, or at Susan
B. Anthony as its representative, a delegate to
the Convention, what of it? She has been
laughed at twenty years, and cares no more for
the laugh of the heedless world than for the
popping of a chestnut in a farmers fire. When
we held our first convention in 1848, the press
of the country laughed, from Maine to Louisiana*
The journals of every section and party were
filled with ridicule and the grossest personali-
ties ; and yet, how changed to-day. The Tri-
bune has the proud distinction of being the only
city journal that has spoken disparagingly of
Miss Anthonys appeal to the Convention.
While other journals published the letter- in
the proceedings where it belonged, they put it
in an isolated corner, and in a silly editorial
item condemned the proceeding? What if
Tammany Hall did laugh ? So did the Consti-
tutional Convention at Albany, when, on the
morning that Mr. Greeley read his suffrage re-
port, at least thirty members rose in their
places and presented petitions from every part
of the state asking for suffrage for woman. We
witnessed the whole proceeding from the gal-
lery, and laughed too, not at our own ideas, of
course, but at Mr. Greeleys report, and the
timidity and inconsistencies of the republican
party. When we sent our petitions to Congress
republicans laughed again, and not only laughed,
but in the Senate of the United States treated
us with marked contempt. The very day after
Mr. Sumner made his great speech on Equal
Rights to All, in presenting a protest against
inserting the word male in the Federal Con-
stitution where it never had been, a protest
signed by such women as Lydia Maria Child
and Lucretia Mott, he apologized for doing it,
and said it was inopportune for women to
protest against the word male being intro-
duced in the Federal Constitution at the very
time when the proposition was under considera-
tion !! We laughed at the- absurdity of his posi-
tion. When John Stuart Mill made his grand
speech on the Household Suffrage bill and re-
ceived 73 votes in its favor, and when the peti-
tion of 22,000 women of England was presented,
the British Parliament was convulsed with
laughter.
The heroes of 76 were a laughing stock to all
Europe at the begimming of the rebellion
against George IV.! There never was a docu-
ment since the world was, more laughed at than
our Declaration of Independence! Let those
who win laugh. While Europe laughed, we built
a mighty nation, with the grandest institutions
on the globe. While men laughed, we have re-
modelled their statute-books, made the laws for
women in many of the states more liberal and
just, and changed the public sentiment on this
subject in both hemispheres. Seeing that
laughter is not an expression of mirth peculiar
to man alone, if he laughs we can laugh too.
Surely the nonsense and twaddle these white
males have written and uttered, from Rous-
seau and Father Gregory down to the Timothy
Titcombs of our day, will furnish us food for
laughter as long as we remain in this sphere of
action. Sooner or later they must come to
Womans Suffrage, and sit down in their
national councils with both women and black
men. So let them laugh on for the good time
of equal rights to all is close at hand.
f. c. s.
TEE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECBAFT1790.
CHAPTER III.
THE PREVAILING OPINION OF A SEXUAL CHABAC-
' TER DISCUSSED.
(Continued from last week.)
Perhaps if the existence of an evil being was allowed,
who, in the allegorical language of scripture, went about
seeking whom he should devour, he could not more ef-
fectually degrade the human character than by giving a
man absolute power. .
This argument branches into various ramifications.
Birth, riches, and every intrinsic advantage that exalt a
man above his fellows, without any mental exertion,
sink him in reality below them. In proportion to his
weakness, be is played upon by designing men, till the
bloated monster has lost all traces of humanity. And
that tribes of men, like flocks of sheep, should quietly
follow such a leader, is a solecism that only a desire of
present enjoyment and narrowness of understanding
can solve. Educated in slavish dependence, and ener-
vated by luxury and slotb, where 6hall we find men who
will stand forth to assert the rights of man ; or ^lnim
the privilege of moral beings, who should have but one
road to excellence ? Slavery to monarchs and ministers,
which the world will be long in freeing itself from, and
whose deadly grasp stops the progress oi the human
mind, is not yet abolished.
Let not men then in the pride of power, use the
same arguments that tyrannic kings and venal ministers
have used, and fallaciously assert, that woman ought to
he subjected because she has always been so. But
when man, governed by reasonable laws, eDjoys his
natural freedom, let him despise woman if she do not
share it with him ; and, till that glorious period arrives,
in descanting on the folly of the'sex, let him not over-
look his own.
Women, it is true, obtaining power by unjust means,
by practising or fostering vice, evidently lose the rank
which reason would assign them, and they become either
abject slaves or capricious tyrants. They lose all sim-
plicicity, all dignity of mind, in acquiring power, and
act as men are observed to act when they have been ex-
alted by the same means.
It is time to effect a revolution in female manners,
time to restore to them their lost dignity, and make
them, as a part of the human species, labor by reform-
ing themselves to reform the world. It is time to sepa-
rate unchangeable morals from local manners. If men be
demi-gods, why let us serve them 1 And if the dignity
of the female soul he as disputable as that of animals,Jf
their reason does not afford sufficient light to direct
their conduct whilst unering inshnet is denied, they are
surely of all creatures the most miserable I and, bent be-
neath the iron hand of destiny, must submit to be a jair
defect in creation. But to justify the ways of providence
respecting them, by pointing out some irrefragable rea-
son for thus making such a large portion of mankind ac<
countable and not accountable, would puzzle the subtlest
casuist.
The only solid foundation for morality appears to be
the character of the Supreme Being; the harmony of
which arises from a balance of attributes ; and, to speak
with reverence, one attribute seems to imply the neces-
sity of another. He must be just, because he is wise, he
must be good, because he is omnipotent. For, to exalt
one attribute at the expense of another equally noble and
necessary, bears the stamp of the warped reason of ihan


19
Sh* IVmtfntitfti.
the homage of passion. Man, accustomed to bow down
to power in his savage state, can seldom divest himself
of this barbarous prejudice even when civilization de-
termines how much superior mental is to bodily strength;
and bis reason is clouded by these crude opinions, even
when he thinks of the Deity. His omnipotence is made
to swallow up, or preside over his other attributes, and
those mortals are supposed to limit his power irrever-
ently who think that it must be regulated by his wisdom.
I disclaim that species of humility which, after inves-
tigating nature, stops at the author. The high and lofty
One, who inhabiteth eternity, doubtless possesses many
attributes of which we can form no conception ; but rea-
son tells me they cannot clash with those I adore, and I
am compelled to listen to her voice.
It seems natural for man to search for excellence, and
either to trace it in the object that he worships, or
blindly to invest it with perfection as a garment. But
what good effect can the latter mode of worship have on
the moral conduct of a rational being ? He bends to
power ; he adores a dark cloud, which may open a bright
prospect to him, or burst in angry, lawless fury on his de-
voted head, he knows not why. And, supposing that the
Deity acts from the vague impulse of an undirected will,
man must also follow his own, or act according to rules,
deduced from principles which he dislaims as irreverent.
Into this dilemma have both enthusiasts and cooler
thinkers fallen, when they labored to free men from the
wholesome restraints which a just conception of the
character of God imposes.
It is not impious thus to scan the attributes of the
Almighty : in fact, who can avoid it that exercises
his faculties? for to love God as the fountain of
wisdom, goodness, and power, appears to be the
only worship useful to a being who wishes to acquire
either virtue or knowledge. A blind unsettled affection
may, like human passions, occupy the mind and .warm
the heart, whilst, to do justice, love mercy, and walk
humbly with our God, is forgotten. I shall pursue this
subject still further, when I consider religion in a light
opposite to that recommended by Dr. Gregory, who
treats it as a matter of sentiment or taste.
To return from this apparent digression. It were to
be wished, that women would cherish an affection for
their husbands, founded on the same principle that de-
votion ought to rest upon. No other firm base is there
under heaven ; for let them beware of the fallacious
light of sentiment, too often used as a softer phrase for
sensuality. It follows then, I think, that from their in-
fancy women should either be shut up like eastern
princes, or educated in such a manner as to be able to
think and act for themselves.
Why do men halt between two opinions, and expect
impossibilities ? Why do they expect- virtue from a
slave, or from a being whom the constitution of .civil
society has rendered weak, if not vicious.
Still I know that it will require a considerable length
of time to eradicate the firmly rooted prejudices which
sensualists have planted; it will also require some time
to convince women that they act contrary to their real
interest on an enlarged scale, when they cherish or af-
fect weakness under the name of delicacy, and to con-
vince the world that the poisoned source of female vices
and follies, if it be necessary, in compliance with custom,
to use synonymous terms in a lax sense, has.been the
sensual homage paid to beauty : to beauty of features ;
for it has been shrewedly observed by a German writer,
that a pretty woman, as an object of desire, is generally
allowed to be so by men of all descriptions ; whilst a fine
woman, who inspires more sublime emotions by dis-
playing intellectual beauty, may be overlooked or ob-
served with indifference, by those men who find their
happiness in the gratification of their appetites. I fore-
see an obvious retort; whilst man remains such an im-
perfect being as he appears hitherto to have been, he will,
more or less, be the slave of his appetites ; and those
women obtaining most power who gratify a predominant
one, the sex is degraded by a physical, if not by a moral
necessity.
This objection has, I grant, some force ; but while
such a sublime precept exists, as, be pure as your
Heavenly Father is pure ; ** it would seem that the vir.
tues of man are not limited by the Being who alone
could limit them ; and that lie may press forward with-
out considering whether he steps out of his sphere by
indulging such a noble ambition. To the wild billows it
has been said, thus far shalt thou go and no farther ;
and here shall thy proud waves be stayed." Vainly
then do they beat and foam ; restrained by the power
that confines the struggling planets within their orbits,
matter yields to the great governing Spirit. But an im-
mortal soul, not restrained by mechanical laws, and
struggling to free itself from the shackles of matter,
contributes to, instead of dislurbingi the order of
creation, when, co-operating with the Father of spirits,
it tries to govern itself by the invariable rale that, in a
degree, before which our imagination faints, the uni-
verse is regulated.
Besides, if women are educated for dependence, that
is, to act according to the will of another fallible
being, and submit, rightbr wrong, to power, where are
we to stop? Are they to he considered as vicegerents,
allowed to reign over a small domain, and answerable
for their conduct to a higher tribunal, liable to error?
It will not be difficult to prove, that such delegates
will act like men subjected by fear, and make their
children and servants endure their tyrannical oppres-
sion. As they submit without reason, they will, having
no fixed rules to square their conduct by, be kind or
cruel, just as the whim of the moment directs and we
ought not to wonder if sometimes, galled by their heavy
yoke, they take a malignant pleasure in resting it on
weaker shoulders.
But, supposing a woman, trained up to obedience, bo
married to a sensible man, who directs her judgment,
without making her feel the servility of her subjection,
to act with as much propriety by this reflected light as
can be expected when reason is taken at second hand,
yet she cannot ensure the life of her protector : he may
die and leave her with a large family.
A double duty devolves on her ; to educate them in
the character of both father and mother; to form
their principles and secure their property. But, alas!
she has never thought, much less acted, for herself.
She has only learned, to please men, to depend grace-
fully on them ; yet, encumbered with children, how is
she to obtain another protector ; a husband to supply the
place of reason ? A rational man,, for we are not tread-
ing on romantic ground, though he may think her a
pleasing, docile creature, will not choose to marry a
family for love, when the world contains many more
pretty creatures. What is then to become of her ? She
either falls an easy pray to some mean fortune hunter,
who defrauds her children of (heir paternal inheritance,
and renders her miserable ; or becomes the victim of
discontent and blind indulgence. Unable to educate
her sons, or impress them with respect; for it is not
a play on words to assert, that people are never respected,
though filling an important station, .who Me not rospect-
able, she pines under the anguish of unavailing, im-
potent regret. The serpent's tooth enters into her verv
soul, and the vices of licentious youth bring her with
sorrow, if not with poverty also, to-the grave.
This is not an overcharged picture ; on the contrary,
it is a vevy possible case, and something similar must
have fallen under every attentive eye.
I have, however, taken it for granted, that she was
well disposed, though experience shows, ttat the blind
may as easily be led into a ditch as along the beaten
road. But supposiug, no very improbable conjecture,
that a being only taught to please may still find her hap-
piness in pleasing ; what an example of folly, not to say
vice, will she be to her innocent daughters I The
mother will be lost in the coquette, and instead of mak-
ing friends of her daughters, view them with eyes
askance, for they are rivalsrivals more cruel than any
other, because they invite a comparison, and drive her
from the throne of beauty, who has never thought of a
seat on the bench of reason.
It does not require a lively pencil, or the discriminat-
ing outline ot a caricature, to sketch the domestic
miseries and petty vices which such a mistress of a
family diffuses. Still she only acts as a woman ought
to act, brought up according to Rousseaus system.
She can never be reproached for being masculine, or
turning out of her sphere; nay, she may observe
another of his grand rules, and cautiously preserving her
reputation free from spot, be reckoned a good kind of
woman. Yet in what respect can she be termed good ?
She abstains, it is true, without any great struggle, from
committing gross crimes ; but how does she fulfil her
duties ? Duties tin truth she has enough to think of
to adorn her body and nurse a weak constitution.
With respect to religion, she never presumed to judge
for herself; but conformed, as a dependent ereature
should, to the ceremonies of the church which she was
brought up in, piously believing, that wiser heads than
her own have settled that business : and not to doubt is
her point of perfection. She therefore pays her tythe
of mint and cummin, and thanks her God that she is not
as other women are. These are the blessed effects of a
good education 1 these the virtues of man's helpmate.
I must relieve myself by drawing a different picture.
Let fancy now present a woman with a tolerable under-
standing, for I do not wish to leave the line of medioc-
rity, whose constitution, strengthened by exercise, has
allowed her body to acquire its full vigor; her uuud, at
. i
the same time, gradually expanding itself to comprehend
the moral duties of life, and in what human virtue and
dignity consist. Formed thus by the relative duties of her
station, she marries from affection, without losing sight
of prudence, and looking beyond matrimonial felicity,
she secures her husbands respect before it is necessary
to exert mean arts to please him, and teed a dying
flame, which nature doomed to expire when the object
became familiar, when friendship and forbearance take
place of a more ardent affection. This is the natural
death of love, and domestic peace is not destroyed by
struggles to prevent its extinction. I also suppose the
husband to be virtuous ; or she is still more in want of
independent principles.
Fate, however, breaks this tie. She is left a widow,
perhaps, without a sufficient provision : but she is not
desolate 1 The pang of nature is felt; but after time
has^softened sorrow into melancholy resignation, her
heart turns to her children with redoubled fondness,
and anxious to provide for them, affection gives a sacred
heroic cast to to her maternal duties. She thinks that
not only the eye sees her virtuous efforts, from whom
all her comforts now must flow, and whose approbation
is life ; blit her imagination, a little abstracted and ex-
alted by grief, dwells on the fond hope, that the eyes
which her trembling hand closed, may still see how 6he
subdues every wayward passion to fulfil tho double duty
of being the father as well as the mother of her chil-
dren. Raised to heroism by misfortunes, she represses
the first faint dawning of a natural inclination, before it
ripens into love, and in the bloom of life forgets her
sexforgets the pleasure of an awakening passion,
which might again have been inspired and returned.
She no longer thinks of pleasing, and conscious dignity
provents her from priding herself on account of the
praise which her conduct demands.; Her children have
her love, and her brightest hopes are beyond the grave '<
where her imagination often strays.
1 think I see her surrounded by her children, reaping^
tbe reward of her care. The intelligent eye meets ber's*
whilst health and innocence smile on their chubby
cheeks, and as they grow up the cares of life are lessened
by their grateful attention. Slie lives to see tbe virtues
which she endeavored to plant on principles, fixed into
habits, to see her children attain a strength of character
sufficient to enable them to endure adversity without
forgetting their mothers example.
The task of life thus fulfilled, she calmly waits for the
sleep of death, and rising from the grave may say, be-
hold, thou gavest me one talent and here are five talents.
I wish to sum up what I have said in a few words, for
I here throw down my gauntlet, and deny the existence
of sexual virtues, not excepting modesty. For man and
woman, truth, it I understand the word, must he the
same; yet the fanciful female character, so prettily
drawn by poets and novelists, demanding the sacrifice of
truth and sincerity, virtue becomes a relative idea, hav-
ing no other foundation than utility, and of that utility
men pretend arbitrarily to judge, shaping it to their
own convenience.
Women, I allow, may have different duties to fulfil;
but they are human duties; and the principles that should
regulate the discharge of them, I sturdily maintain, must
be the same.
To become respectable, tho exercise of their under-
standing is necessary; there is no other foundation for
independence of character; I mean explicitly to say,
that they must cnly bow to the authority of reason, in-
stead of being the modest slaves of opinion.
In the superior ranks of life how seldom do we meet
with a man of superior abilities, or even common ac-
quirements? Tbe reason appears to me clear ; the state
they are born in was an unnatural one. The human
character has ever been formed by the employments
the individual, or class pursues ; and if the faculties are
not sharpened by necessity, they must remain obtuse.
The argument may fairly he extended to women ; for
seldom occupied by serious business, the pursuit of
pleasure gives that insignificancy to their character
which renders the society of the great so insipid. The
same want of firmness, produced by a similar cause,
forces them both to fly from themselves to noisy plea-
sures and artificial passions, till vanity takes place of
every social affection, and the characteristics of hu-
manity can scarcely be discerned. Such are the bless-
ings of civil governments, as they are at present oi^kn-
ized that wealth and female softness equally tend to de-
base mankind, and are produced by the same cause ;
but allowing women to be rational creatures, they should
be invited to acquire virtues which they may call the
own, for how can a rational being be ennobled by any-
thing that is not obtained by its own exertions?
(To he Continued,)


20
K gUMlutia#.
*
REBELLION CONSERVATORIES.
The Richmond (Va.,) Dispatch was filled last
week with accounts of the anniversary exercises
of some of the literary institutions of that state.
The University of Virginia, the Richmond Col-
lege, Virginia Military Institute and the Rich-
mond Female Institute, have just celebrated
themselves in an annual Commencement. Many
distinguished visitors graced the occasions,
though the name of Henry Ward Beecher does
not shine among them. He is reserved prob-
ably for General Lee's commencement, which
undoubtedly occurs about this time. Readers of
The Revolution maybe glad to see some
selections from the orations and addresses de-
livered, as showing the kind and degree of loy-
alty and patriotism with which the hearts of the
sons and daughters of the Old Dominion and
other rebel states are still inspired. That some
of the speakers were most diabolically eloquent
is not to be denied. For instance, Gen. John
S. Preston, of South Carolina, addressed the
Washington and Jefferson Societies of the Uni-
versity of Virginia in strains like these :
Borne tauglit us the science of government and law.
The lessoiis of Israel come from the waves of the Bed
Sea, the Mount of God, Siloams brook, and Calvarys
cross. But he proposed to draw lessons nearer home,
from the historic past of Virginiaher heroes and her
principles. He vividly sketched the old glory of Vir-
ginia in the freedom of her people and the excellency of
her institutions.
* * *
But where and what is that Virginia to-day ? Four
days hence will be celebrated the day on which was
signed the instrument intended to give to us the fruitage
of the vintage of liberty, and on that day orators will
speak in tbe name of freedom. Borne still called her
tyrants Caesar, and preserved carefully the insignia
of libertyher senators still sat clothed in purple robes,
and on festal days her orators flaunted the names of
her patriots long after every spark of liberty was extin-
guished. So on the approaching national day of Ameri-
can independence the names of Virginias patriots will
be daunted over the land ; for dark indeed would be the
day without the lustre of those names which gave it its
chief glory.
* * *
The orbits of nations are fixed by tbe God of nations;
but repellant forces come to drive them from their
proper courses, and thus revolutions and conflicts
come. They were not true prophets wno twenty years
ago told us that wars would cease. We know of its cruel,
blighting march over the land. And when now, alter
the blast of that tempest, we turn our seared eyes upon
the scene, we ask in terror-stricken bewilderment,
Where is Virginia? Behold her this day seven years
ago, clothed in the panoply of Pallas, she roselrom the
lethargy [of years, her eyes kindled with the memory
of the giant sons of her youth, she grasps her spear
and waves her golden hair, and standing on her c&pitol,
shouts her ancient war-song, and calls around her her
warrior children j and they come from her plains, from
beyond her mountains, and from the shores'of her re-
sounding seas, and pressing their knees iu.her soil, de
vote themselves to Virginiaan hundred thousand
Decieand rush forth to defend her borders, to save
from the sacrilegious touch the very hem of her royal
robes, and to die for Virginia. Alas I alas i there she
sits nowher limbs tom awayher bosom lacerated
her very womb stamped to barrenness by the heel of her
conqueror, and her heart turned to stone, but still weep-
ing blood. There she sits enthroned in misery at the
foot of her conqueror, listening drearily to the wail of
her pale and hoilow-eyed daughters, and gazing at her
dead sons in their blood still untombed. Oh! bear that
sacred dust softly to tbe mothers feet, and bid her wake
again to life.
* * * * *
Yes, my young countrymen, silence may brood over
waste Palmyra and Memnons mute domainthe cry of
nations from amid the cedars of Lebanon may be
hushed4-the sacred land, pressed by a dying Saviours
bleeding feet, may be a desertcruel, bloody, remorse-
less tyrants may rule at Thermopylra, at Richmond, and
Fort Sumterbut they cannot crush that immortal hope
which rises from the blood-soaked earth of Virginia.
* * # *
Tbe speaker drew an eloquent and touching parallel
between Virginia in 1770 and 1861, and between Vir-
ginia at the beginning.of the late war and Virginia as
she now is, and made a thrilling appeal to the sons of
Virginia to seek to restore her to her pristine glory.
The sons of the sires who made Virginia what she was
are gathered within the balls of this noble university to
prepare for tbe great work before themthevork of
redeeming Virginia.
* * *
He pronounced a glowing eulogy on the women of
Virginia, from Mary the mother of Washington to the
last watcher beside tbe couch of the wounded at Appo-
mattox, and drew lessons of hope from their heroic
'toils They worked for us, they clothed us, they fed
us, they prayed for us, and still now they work, and
weep, and pray, and their great reward will be that their
prayers go up to a God of Bight, and by the savor of
womans tears and womans prayers that God, in his
own time, will give us deliverance and liberty.
The editor or reporter of the Dispatch says :
It is impossible to describe the effect of this speech-
Cheer after cheer interrupted the noble old Boman as
with clear, ringing voice and easy, graceful gesture he
gave utterance to words which thrilled every heart and
brought tears to eyes unused to weep. The above is
only a very meagre sketch of the speech which held the
audience spell-bcund for over two hours, but which so
sparkled with gems in every sentence that even the
belles and beaux ceased their clatter and gave undivided
attention.
Gen. Wade Hampton, also of South Carolina,
was next called to the platform :
He thanked the young men from his heart for the call
they had made and the kindness with which they had
greeted him. Their cheers reminded him oi those he used
to hear on the battle-field, telling where Virginia chivalry
led the way to victory. He came from the noble afid
gallant State of South Carolina, which yielded to none
in her devotion to tbe cause of right, though now she
sits and weeps in sackcloth an d ashes.
Gen. Wade Hampton, it is said, was fre-
quently interrupted by deafening cheers, which
were long continued after he took his seat. But
when the band struck up Dixie, the audience
knew no bounds to their enthusiasm, and made
the roof ring with cheer after cheer.
These extracts are but specimens, but they
are surely of great significance at the present
moment,
The Literary Societies of Richmond College
were addressed by Major A. R. Courtney, Presi-
dent Jones, and others. Major Couitney closed
as follows :
To you the road to glory and immortal honor is still
open, but it is a rough and rugged path. If it v ere well
trodden, it would cease to be arduous and unfrequent-
ed ; and great minds must always be ready not only to
take opportunities, but to make them. Alexander dragged
the Pythian priestess to the temple on a forbidden day.
She exclaimed : My son, thou art invincible ; which
was oracle enough for him. On a second occasion, he
cut the Gordian knot which others had in vain attempt-
ed to untie. Those who start for worldly honors must,
like the mettled hounds of Actseon, pursue the game,
not ODly where there is a path, but where there is none,
They must be able to simulate and to dissimulateto
leap and to creepto conquer the earth, like Caesarto
fall down and kiss it, like Brutusto throw their sword,
like Brennus, into the trembling scale ; or, like Nelson,
to snatch the laurels from the doubtful hand of Victory
while she is hesitating where to bestow it. That policy
that can strike only while the iron is hot will be over-
come by that perseverance which, like Cromwells, can
make the iron hot by striking. Life is 9hort at most; the
ends you aim at great and difficult of attainment.
Waste no time, therefore, in vain repinings for what is
lost.
Space is wanted for any farther extracts of
orations, essays, speeches or prayers, for there
were plenty of all. The University of Virginia
had its Young Mens Christian Association,
among other societies, strongly represented,
and with an address bursting out with both piety
and patriotism, hut both of a particularly south-
ern character.
Of the Virginia Military Institute it may be
said that its annual report deplores the deso-
lations that the war made upon it, but is exultant
with hope for the future. The Institute re-
opened on the 18th of October, 1865. Sixteen
cadets, without the usual conveniences ot quar-
ters in barracks, or other academic arrange-
ments, responded-to.the call, and amid the ruins
of their Alma Mater resumed their duties.
Now, under more prosperous circumstances,
the report proceeds :
f
I congratulate you, Mr. President, and gentlemen o
tbe Board, at the auspicious circumstances -under which
you meet to-day. While you witness the ruins of this
cherished institution once more resuming all their wont-
ed beauty and proportions, and again animated by the
joyous throng that now crowd every part of them, and
see, as this report will presently demonstrate, upon what
a substantial basis the work rests, as well in its finan
cial as in its general aspect, you cannot Ml to experi-
ence a proud satisfaction at your administration.
Commodore Maury has been appointed a
Professor in the Institute, on whom the Uni-
versity of Cambridge, in England, has just con-
ferred the degree of Doctor of Laws.
One word on the Commencement Exercises of
the Richmond Female Institute. They are
spoken of in glowing terms. The essays of the
young ladies were, some of them, on important
subjects, and, doubtless, were able and inter-
esting. But they were all read by men, wo-
mans brain being in its sphere in the compo-
sition of them, but her lips and lungs quite out
of it in their presentation. So the labor was
judiciously divided. The Address to the gradu-
ating class, by Rev. J. A. Chambliss, contained
the following counsels:
Upon the pleasant prospect he most heartily congratu-
lated them, and at the same time begged to submit a
word of caution. It was only this : Fuyez les dangers
de loisirEvery hour of a notbing-to-do life is an hour
of peril. Leave the brain idle, and, according to the
old adage, the master-workman of evil will immediately
open shop there, start his machinery, and, before any-
body knows, will be turning out the works of darkness
with appalliDg rapidity. It is the easiest thing in the
world for one who has nothing to do to'do no-
thing. If he were speaking to young men he would say,
get employment of any honorable kind ; to young ladies
not the same, but a similar word must be spoken. You
cannot now knit socks for our soldier-boys, but you can
do other handiwork for father and brother. You cannot
now go to the hospital couch with sweet words of cheer
and soft hands of attention for sick and wounded
patriots, but you can go with like gentle ministrations
to the desolate houses of the widow and orphan, and to
other abodes of poverty and suffering. Another thought
"the time has passed when Imported schoolmarms
and pedagogues are preferred by southern people ; upon
our own young men and women devolves the education
of our youth, and nothing can be more worthy of wo-
manhood than to labor in this noble cause.
Had some of these sentiments been incul-
cated in the south fifty years ago, torrents of
tears and blood might have been spared. The
idleness and indolence always produced by
slavery tend ever to the same result. The
young women of the south will need better
counsel than was there given, and other employ-
ment beside that of schoolmarms. But they
can commence with that, where they are com-
petent. It will be a sublime improvement on all
their past. But what the north is most con-
cerned to know is, what shall be taught in the
south, if the twain are again to be made one. Our
apology for this long article is, that a good
understanding may be reached on tins vastly
important subject. If the eloquence of Beecher
and the wealth of Gerrit Smith and other ex-
cellent and benevolent persons are to be tribu-
tary to the support of southern Literary and
Military institutions, it certainly is most im-
portant to know what shall be their quality,
and what their probable effect on the future
destiny of the nation. p. p.


21
HOLIDA Y ABSURDITIES.
In the first year of my recollection, sitting at the feet of
a loved one, before a huge hicory fire in a country farm-
house, I was taught reverence for-the Bible, Washington,
and independence Bay simultaneously. The sympa-
thetic tear is as ready, and the thrill as acute at anything
patriotic as in those wondering, childish days ; and yet,
I cannot help the feeling of disgust which comes with
the first note of preparation for the Fourth of July pan-
demonium, and which remains long after the last faint
echoes oi maudliu voices have died away. I look out of my
window at the numberless brilliant lights sailing off into
the heavens, and wonder they are not prevented from
reaching their intended height by the weight of misery
which each dollar represented by them could relieve, and
does not. Thirty thousand dollars I It all ends in smoke
to-night, and not one soul in this vast city, where poverty
and pain are the rule, one j ot the better ; indeed, the poor
are not only poorer, but infinitely more miserable through
the drunkenness which the day seems to necessitate.
Many a promising boy, just merging into manhood, will
get his downward impulse through that, first glass
drunk in celebration of a day which meaus nothing to
him, save unlimited freedom from restraint. While I
write, I hear the heart-rending screams and supplications
of some poor woman who might have been blessed with
exemption from cruelty, for this one night, at least, but
for the day and occasion. Hundreds of hard-working
women will receive their only reminders of the day
through a demand for their hardly-earned money, to be
frittered away by husbands who reward the sacrifice with
extra blows in force and numbers. Is human nature,
after all, under restraint when it behaves itself, and so
innately bad, that it mus t needs be allowed, by both law
and custom, a thrice-yearly breaking-out, with an occa-
sional extra, that the imposed decorum may for the re-
mainder of the year be possible ? If this days celebration
added one additional truly patriotic throb to the heart, or
thought to the mind, or brought one compunctious pang
to the conscience of base men who pervert the princi-
ples which it is intended to commemorate to baser ends,
it would in a measure redeem some of the attendant
evils ; but even so, the loyalty which requires drumming
up every now and then is not trustworthy. And then,
by what right oi reason do city officials appropriate the
peoples money to a waste which adds an injury to its
loss ? To be sure, its six of one and half-dozen the other,
whether they appropriate it to their own use or to some
general folly, with the exception that the first is theft,
only while tbelatter is theft and abuse. Do tbepoor not
know that indirectly they are taxed for those things ? and,
that when witnessing what seems to them a gratuitous
exhibition, they are looking at the expenditure of their
own money which means an extra dollar or two to the
month, on a rent already too great by half ? Whiskey is
the demon king of the poor, and the official whose influ-
ence helps to give it unlimited license, for twelve hours
even, is a traitor to his race.
Public days fill the coffers of Pot-house murderers at
the expense of life in' the long run, thereby making pau-
pers, orphans, and criminals, to say nothing of the at-
tendant wretchedness and sorrow, before (he end is
reached, and I earnestly protest that all upright persons
should set their faces, against the celebration of days
whioh serve no purpose; and moreover, all persons who
assist by their presence or means are, in view of these
possible evils, accessories before the fact, and indirectly
responsible for the results.
This keeping to the letter without one particle of the
spirit, is nearly as ridiculous and paradoxical, as repre-
senting Liberty with the female form, while the whole
sex is enslaved. My conviction is, that Fourth of July
celebrations dont pay j and I believe the sentiment will
be echoed to-morrow morning by every participant in
this days proceedings. I also propose, that the Goddess
ot Liberty be habited in male garb, as typical of the con-
tradiction between practice and profession, till women
are given the elective franchise and made free indeed!
Midnight, July 4th. Mm, g. r. N.
The lady who translated the article headed
La Greve du Milliard, in this days issue, is
a resident of this city, and desires employment
as a translator (of French and Italian). Her
address can be had by inquiry at the office of
The Revolution.
A New Political Pasty.We have no room
to-day for half our letters, calling loudly for a
new political party and Presidential nomination,

SCENE IN AN IRISH COURT.
The Lublin Irishman gives an account of the
trial of George Francis Train in a court of in-
solvency. We have room but for the closing
scene. The court absolutely refused to Mr.
Trains counsel a- single word. Then (says the
account) arose Train and said, I came here as a
stranger, and I must say I did not get the fair
play that I would if I were an Englishman or an
Irishman. With regard to the fiat, I look upon
the whole thing as a farce, and I believe it to be
a political dodge. The official assignee-*
Mr. Levy (Mr. Trains Counsel)Wouldyour
lordship allow me----
M. TrainAllow me, Mr. Levy. I am now
my own counsel.
Judge Miller, who appeared rather nervous,
said he was very anxious to allow every latitude
to Mr. Train, as a stranger to this country.
Mr. TrainI do not un derstand anything of
your law.
Judge MillerI have made the decision I
have done upon the ground that the schedule
does not afford the requisite information.
Mr. TrainI have given every information in
my power, You said my first schedule was a
farce. I say I believe it to be the most honest
schedule that was ever brought into your court,
and I pronounce my trial a farce.
Judge MillerI will give you any information
I can, but I cannot allow you to comment upon
my judgment.
Mr. TrainIt is altogether a political affair.
Judge MillerI cannot hear you on this topic.;
Mr. Train.You will allow me to make a re-
mark.
Judge MillerI will allow you to make any
remark you please, but I cannot hear you talk-
ing of politics.
Mr. TrainI wish to say that all the persons
engaged against me are government officers.
Mr. Ashurst (Ashurst, Morris, and Co.) is So-
licitor to the Post-office, Mr. Fitzgerald is a gov-
ernment officer, and you are a government offi-
cer.
Judge-MillerNo, I am not. I am not a gov-
ernment officer.
Mr. Train here turned to the audience, and at
the highest pitch of his sonorous voice, said :
I here solemnly protest against the proceed-
ings from beginning to end. I protest in the
name of the American government against this
arrest. Your lordship stated that there was no
appeal from your decision in this court, but I
APPEAL TO THE ARMY AND NAVY OP THE UNITED
STATES OP AMERICA, AND I WELL YET HAVE THE
POWER TO REMOVE YOU PROM THE BENCH! THERE
HAS BEN 5CNO PAIR DEALING PROM THE COMMENCE-
MENT. IT IS A SWINDLE OP THE BRITISH GOVERN-
MENT ; BUT I SHALL YET HAVE POWER, AND THAT
BEFORE TWO YEARS ARE OVER, TO REPAY THEM !
The effect of this speech was electrical.
Every person in the densely-crowded court rose.
Every sentence- uttered by Mr. Train was
followed by buists of enthusiastic applause, and,
at its conclusion, the cheers were almost deaf-
ening. Judge Miller appeared to be not a little
alarmed at the attitude of the people, and police-
men flocked into the court, ready to act in
case of emergency. When order was partiaUy
restored, Mr. Train was removed in custody.
On making his appearance in the courtyard, Mr.
Tram was greeted with cheers, and as he pro-
ceeded to the marshalsea in custody of two
hatchmen,4 the cheering continued until at Ar-
ran-quay some members of the police force
came and dispersed the crowd, Mr. Tram was
then conducted to the marshalsea without any
further demonstration, y
LETTERS FROM MR. TRAIN.
IMPRISONED FOR LIFE AND NO APPEAL.A DANIEL
COME TO JUDGMENT.HIS LITTLE DAUGHTER
SAYS IT IS TIME FOR htm TO COME HOME, AND HE
IS A PERPETUAL PRISONER.
Four Courts, Marshalsea, )
June 24,1868. f
Dear Revolution: Glad to get, to-day,
Revolutions to the 4th of June, and letters
from many friends. Nagle, Meany, John Mar-
tin, and not the least from yourselves. My little
Sue Belle writes that I ought to be back.
But how can I? Has a Fenian prisoner affec-
tions ? One would not think so from the action
of .our government. Re Costello and Warren.
LETTER PROM THE LITTLE BUFFALO HUNTER AT
SCHOOL.
Pelham Priory, Wednesday Evening,)
June 10,1868. j
Dear Papa : I received both of your letters, aDd I was
very glad to hear from you. I cannot imagine what you
are doing abroad so long. I think it is about time for you
to set your face homewards. How did you succeed going
through the Bankruptcy Court? Well, I hope. I am very
much obliged to you, papa dear, for those monograms.
They are exceedingly pretty. You eay nothing about
foreign postage stamps. Are they more difficult to get
than the monograms ? I am particularly iu want of some,
as I am very anxious to get a nice collection for my new
book. I expect you in less than three weeks. You must
come, or I shall be greatly disappointed. Wont we have
a splendid time this summer, yachting, driving, riding,
fishing, and everything to make the time pass pleasantly ?
Mamma is going to Newport the 18th of tbe month, and
poor me, I am afraid, will have to stay here until the
school closes. But I am going to ask mamma if I cant
go away, too. Darling papa, I must close with much
love. I remain your loving daughter, Sue.
THE HOWL OF THE WOUNDED ANIMAL.
Mr. G. F. Train gave one of his characteristic lectures
in Leeds last night, before a full audience of excited Irish-
men. Mr. Train denounced England in bitter terms ; but
the best answer to his strictures is the fact that he can
with impunity talk treasonable stuff in our large towns.
That freedom of speech exists in England cannot, at any
rate, be denied by Mr. Train.Leeds Tory Organ.
Have written letters to Sun, Express, Pilot,
and special -to the World. I get none of the
Sunday Worlds. As I am in prison for life, you
need not be afraid of writing for fear of missing
me.
GIVE THE ANGEL HIS DUE.THE ARM! OF WOMEN
EULOGIZED BY MR. TRAIN.THE WOMANS CLUB
IN BOSTON.BRITONS NEVER WILL BE SLAVES
OR ONE SHILLING FOR A WIFE.
June 27, 1868.
Dear Revolution Let us give the angel
his due. B. F. B. was truly loyal. He raised
the first American flag on the capitol. He is
sound on greenbacks. He has pluck and brains.
And now he follows the wake of The Revolu-
tion on quack medicines. These things cover
a multitude of sins. Let us give the angel his
due.
Mr. Buller objected, giving as his reason for doing so
that tbe manufacturers of patent mediemos were tbe least
useful and of the least consequence, except to them-
selves. (Laughter.) They were taxing the people lor no
earthly good, but tp poison' them, and, therefore, he
wanted these patent medicine people to be taxed every-
where.
Mr. Butler declared that Mr. Ayer was no constituent
ot bis, but he did not believe that bis preparations were
valuable to any but himself. He bad derived from them
a large income, which was due to his own energy and to
his large persistent advertising (and to tbe gullibility of
the people, Mr. Farnsworth suggested). It would be to
the advantage of the people if all theee pills, powders,
tinctures, troches, lozenges, extracts, toilet waters, etc.,
were legislated out of existence. They only spoiled tbe


22
3fce §*Mluti0tt.
health of the men and the beauty of the women.
(Laughter.) The gontleman from New York (Ur. Barnes)
had occupied a good deal of the time of the Committee,
but could get only one man to vote for his amendments,
and that was himself. (Laughter.)Debate in Congress on
Tax bill.
THREE CHEERS FOB THE ARMY OF AMAZONS.
Bing the bells. Sound the timbrels. Sing
hosannahs! For the hour of Jubilo has come.
Three cheers lor Lopez. Here are leaders from
Times and Telegraph. Well done, South Amer- !
ica. Joan of Arc and Maid of Saragossa, give us :
your hand. An army of women! Why not? |
Better fight than starve. Physical strength and
endurance, women possess as well as men. Bet-
ter be soldiers than prostitutes. Better fight
than praofice Restellism. Better have open air
exercise than be shut up in Edftli Avenue or Mer-
cer street. This will help emancipate woman.
Oh, push on the Revolution! Woman will
elect a President in 1872.
The Arming op Women by Lopez.The correspondent
of tho Brazil and River Plate Mat!, writing from Buenos
Ayres under date May 14th, says :
Au nnqy of women confronts the allies! Lopez bas
enrolled the Amazons of Paraguay, and we have now en*
tered upon what may be called, for the sake of distinction
the petticoat campaign! Let not the reader smile in*
credulously. The fact is. so. Brigadier General Eliza
Lynch commands the main body of the female army,
which is encamped midway between the pass of the river
and a small inland town. On the road to Villa Rica her
right wing, under Mrs. Captain Herrero, has deployed to
the left a little, to hang on the allies should they assail
the position at Tebiquary, held by Mrs. LieutColonel
Margaret Pereira, and her fair brigade of 4 womankind/
Can stern visaged Mars prove unpropitious, or do
other than crown with success the military ardor of bis
new votaries ? I am no 4 Sir Oraole and cannot say;
possessing no gifts of prophecy, I take refuge in a con-
venient quien sabe ? But seriously, these military titles
sound strangely to the ear in connection with names that
have hitherto only figured in the humanising concerns
of love and family affection, but are new incongruously
associated with the rough and bloody trade of war. A
scandal has been brought upon the civilization of the age,
and Lopez must answer to public opinion for thus tear-
ing the women of Paraguay from their homes to fill the
exhausted ranks of a worn-out army. On such an act the
world cries'ShameI According to authentic accounts,
relays of girls and women are constantly at the head-
quarters of the feminine Commander-in-Chief, to whom
has been entrusted the guerilla portion of the campaign.
The males are absorbed in defending Humaita, Tirnbo,
tbe encampment at Villa Rica, and the fortification at
Lambare. On this subject the Buenos Ayres Standard
has the following remarks: 4 But let it not be supposed
that there is auy exaggeration in the foregoing news ;
every newspaper in Buenos Ayres has already published
tbe glaring and awful fact that Lopez had commenced
recruitingwomen I The only difference is, that we give
the news more in detail, having at our command superior
information from the foreigners up the river. As to the
exaoc number of the women under arms in Paraguay at
present it is impossible to say, owing to the varied and
conflicting statements; but for years past a great portion
of the lieavy work attending on camp life has been per-
formed by the unfortunate daughters of that once lovely
country! Even in the trenches around Humaita the
weak arm of woman has shovelled out the earth to make
a grave for the allied invaders! Female couriers nave
gone frompoint to point over the country with dis-
patches, the steamers and vessels in the port of Asuncion
have been alternately discharged and laden by the trem-
bling hands of the women in the capital. Everything of
worth and capital that these poor women possessed has
been enatohed from them to assist in the defence of their
country! They have toiled in the field for the last three
years ; they have sowed, raised, and harvested thecrops:
they have made clothes tor the soldiers from the fibres
of plants; they have maintained the hospitals, cared for
the wounded and siok ; they have supplied the army
and now, with Satanic power, they are dragged to the
front, and placed in the breach to fight the whole allied
army! ,
THE ABSORPTION OF THE REVOLUTION.*
The Revolution draws into its maelstrom
everything that interests woman. Let all the
sex preach in your pulpit. Exchange with all
womankind. It is time the world had the dual
ideas.
; New England Womens Clttb.Among the many ex-
cellent meetings of Anniversary week, not tlTe least in-
teresting was the opening meeting of the New England
Womens Clnb, held at Chickering Hall on Saturday
incoming, May 30th.
Mrs. 0. M. Severance, the president, gave a clear and
i comprehensive statement of the aims and purposes of
:the organization. The secretary read the articles of the
i constitution, and was followed by Mrs. Julia Ward Howe
!in an address at once earnest and entertaining.
Mrs. E. D. Cheney next spoke of the beneficent uses
that might grow out of the union of noble women.
Addresses were also made by Rev. J. Weiss, Rev. 0. B.
Frothingham, James Freeman Clarke, and R. W. Emer-
son, each of whom took a warm interest in the move-
ment, and prophesied for it a future of constantly in-
creasing usefulness. Mr. Frothingham alluded to a Wo-
mens Club at this time forming in New York city, which
has for its object kindred aims.
To judge from the tenor of the romarks made on this
occasion* this union meets the wauts of women on many
sides. Those who wish merely for the outward comfort
of a place of rest for a few hours while in the city will
find a comfortable sofa in a quiet room. Those who feel
the need of social life will -meet there intelligent and
earnest people. The philanthropic can there have an op-
portunity to consult with others of like aims, and to or-
ganize effective work.
A registry will he opfued foi* the mutual benefit of
those who have talents with which to earn their liveli-
hood, and those seeking the employment of such talent.
Nor is the aesthetic element to be disregarded. The
club proposes to embellish its rooms with paintings and
other works of art; to provide hooks and pamphlets for
the solitary leisure hour ; social reunions, with their va-
ried attractions of music, readings, etc., for the evenings
entertainments.Boston Transcript.
BRITONS NEVER WILL BE SLAVES.
Starvation, prostitution, bankruptcy, hypoc-
risy, villany, debauchery, make a hell of Eng-
landa great charnel house of crimewhere
the nobles own the past and mortgage the fu-
ture. Slavery is raging in Britain.
The Wife Sold for a Shilling.Yesterday, at the
Barnsley police-court, before tbe Rev. H. B. Cooke and a
full bench ot' magistrates, Sarah Jane Ellis was brought
up under the following circumstances : Police-constable
Beardsworth, of the Wakefield division of the West Rid-
ing Constabulary, stated that he found the woman at
. Crigglestoue on Monday evening lying in a ditch, her
clothing completely saturated with rain, having been ex-
posed to the heavy thunderstorm wbicb fell on that
night. He took her to Wakefield police-station, where
she remained until yesterday, when she was brought be-
fore the sitting magistrates at that town. It was then
discovered that she was the same woman who had been
brought up a week or ten days ago, and who, some years
since, was sold to a man named George White, of Beck-
etts Spa-house, Barnsley, by her husband for one shil-
ling, which was spent in drink. When she was found at
Origglestone she was unable to give any account of her-
self. When last she was before the Wakefield magis-
trates the man White, who had bought her, and with
whom she had been living as housekeeper, took charge
of her, and promised to look alter her, the woman being
subject to fits. The Wakefield magistrates yesterday or-
dered the woman to be transferred to Barnsley, and dur-
ing the sitting of the court at the latter town, the woman
wasbronghtup ; but the magistrates declined to interfere
with tbe case. The chairman said the woman had been
found in the Wakefield district, and as they had no de-
sire to travel out of their own district, the officer must
take the woman back to Wakefield.
Many thanks for the kind words I see in
The Revolution. It is a great paper, and
is making its mark on the age. There is no
such word as fail.
Geo. Francis Train.
The J^atal Step.The Sun says the fatal
point of the democratic ticket is the nomina-
tion of Gen. F. P. Blair for the Vice-Presi-
dency; but The Revolution* thinks the
whole ticket, the platform, speeches, and all the
business of the Convention was fatal ; was fatal
to much more than the democratic party!
DIFFERENCES IN RELIGION.
When, a good many years ago, tbe General
Assembly of tbe. Presbyterian Church went
asunder and became Old School and New
School, a Class oi Seniors in a Congrega-
tional Theological Seminary devoted much time
and study to an attempt to find the precise
practical difference between the two. To the
best of our recollection, they failed. And now
as those august bodies themselves have lost
sight of it, and are making good haste tore-
construct their old union, it is charitable to be-
lieve the differences were not much after all;
were never visible to any but microscopic vision;
and that only tbe anointed eyeballs of the cleri-
cal order ever discovered it.
So too, just now, in the Church of England,
there has risen a dusty difference that darkens
all the air. For Old School and New
School, there is High Church and Low
Church, and the curious in such subtilties aie
again abroad with their instruments, to dis-
cover what this new commotion in the church
militant may mean. One party reports pro-
gress to this extent, in the Public Spirit: The
High Church addressee the people as Brethren
Beloved : the Low Church pugnaciously per-
sists in addressing them as ( Beloved Brethren.
The High Church contends fox ah men in
the Responses, the Low will have it Amen.
Another party reports generally on the whole
difference, that The two are just alike, only
one is a little more so. The High has one ray
more, the Low one shade less.
Were the shepherds kindly to leave the fiocks
to themselves, there would be none of this
vain, foolish and wicked wrangling. Only the
leaders ever see, know, or in themselves, care
anything about them. Every farmers boy who
keeps sheep has/ seen a few rays of sunlight
shooting through some knot hole in the side of
the fold, and stretching like a string across the
building, which the leader of his ewes would
mistake for an obstruction, and, with a hound,
would go over it. The whole flock must then
leap the airy nothing in the same way.
Vulgarity in High Places.Spiritual wick-
edness in high places is almost a mortal sin in
Scripture estimate. Not less so should low vul-
garity be in the empire of Belles lettres. We
always put on our best behavior in presence of
the Round Tablet and defer to^it most respect-
fully on every question of polite literature, and
are delighted too with the moral tone of many
of its articles, indeed the most of them. But
when it stoops to spelling negro with two gs,
reckless of all English dictionaries, and when it
flippantly talks of nigger minstrels, and
performing baboons, as apparently about
equal pari and parcel of the circus,-it shames
and shocks our whole moral nature. The
dishes of the Round Table should be fit food for
gods ; but draff like that should be confined to
the stye. Even William H. Seward long ago
said no man ever would be President who
spelled negro in that way ; and it certainly is
confidently to be hoped that in this at least, he
may he found a true prophet.
The Boston Congregalionalist gives a very in-
teresting and commendatory account of Miss
Amelia B. Parsons, who died last week in that
city, and who had been a compositor in the of-
fice of that journal for more than fifteen years.


THE KINDER GARTER
The Kinder Garten was instituted in Ger-
many about thirty years ago. Its founder was
Frederic Frcebel. Its name implies whet it is,
a school for children. No books are used, but
instruction is imparted by stories, games, ob-
jects, and some light physical labor, to which
must be coupled the fact that each child has a '
little garden in the school grounds, appropriated
to its sole use, where it can indulge in horticul-
tural tastes to its fullest extent.
The institution, we are told, was for awhile
looked upon as a Quixotism of the founder, but
when it turned out to be but the inception of a
grand educational plan, afterwards propounded,
it quickly became popular, and is now almost
inseparable from the German schools of higher
grade. The design of the author was to sepa-
rate the knowledge or thought of study from
the early acquirements of youth.
The interior of one of these schools is de-
scribed by visitorrs to them as a great curiosity
In one at Bremen the children are arranged in
classes, and have patterns before them for
everything they do, the teacher superintending
the labor, and every pains is taken to impart as
much elementary instruction as possible. The
moment the pupil shows signs of fatigue or un-
easiness the employment is changed. All weari-
ness is avoided. The room for exercises is very
large, and neatly ornamented. The boys and
girls all enter promiscuously and are ordered to
assume some position corresponding to the
story the teacher is about to tell. It may be
that of a regiment, as the teacher narrates the
incidents of a certain battle. First comes a
battle song, in which all join. Then the battle
commences in earnest. After the victory a
peaceful tale is narrated in verse, all joining in
the chant and all assuming attitudes to suit the
different styles of narration and subjects. So
the exercises are continually varied, and the
child leams while amusing itself. Certain doc-
tors, more sensitive on such matters than sen-
sible, think that religious instruction is too
much neglected in these schools. They do not
object to the training as far as it goes, nor the
complete code of morals adopted for their con-
trol ; but, oh! the infant should learn meta-
physics, and the doctrine of Christianity, and
many other such things which not only belong
to maturer years, but which, alas! are even
then too deep for human comprehension.
VINNIE REAM IN ENGLAND.
The London Fall Mall Gazette thus speaks of
our young artist who has stirred the ire of the
radical members of Congress, by refusing to aid
them in impeaching the President:
It wll be a long time before a committee room in the
Houses of Parliament is given rent free to any young
woman who feels a call for modelling figures, but Miss
Vinnie Beam is popular with American legislators. She
is young, pretty, dark-eyed, and has all the vivacity and
fire which characterize the children of the West, espe-
cially of the female sex. She not only got the room, but
also a commission for a large statue of President Lin-
coln ; and now, unfortunately, she is turned adrift with
all her modelswhich, by-the-by, included a very pretty
model of her own bust. The poor'y oung lady, after being
for newly .three years the pet of the Capitol, is cast out
of doors helpless and unprotected. The story of her
having influenced Senator Boss is absurd, but Miss
BeamVinnie," as she is affectionately called in the
halls of Congressmay have had her political prejudices,
and for this she is called upon to suffer. When the fe-
male champions of liberty in this country have accom-
plished their object they may find work to do across the
Atlantic. Their enslaved sisters will be glad of their*
Wt* fttfOlttUfitt. 23
help. But if a woman cannot be a politician there with-
out being made to smart for it, as poor Miss Beam is
doing, the ladies who have in gratitude subscribed £70
each towards Mr. Mills election expenses will find their
money a bad investment.
8HELLEY ON MARY W0LLS10NE0RAFT.
Shelley, perhaps the noblest poet of Liberty
and Progress that the world has yet brought
forth, married twice. His second wife was
the daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft. She was
named for her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft
Godwin. In dedicating to her his noble Revolt
of Islam, Shelley speaks of her mother thus :
They say that thou wert lovely from thy birth,
Of glorious parent thou aspiring child ;
I wonder not; for One then left this earth,
Whose life was like a setting planet mild,
Which clothed thee in the radiance undefiled
Of its departing glory ; still her fame
Shines on thee through the tempest dark and wild
Which vex these latter days,"
LITERARY.
Thb Radical. A monthly magazine of Natural, Re-
ligion and Intellectual Liberty. Sydney H. Morse and
Joseph B. Marvin, editors and proprietors, Boslon. Three
dollars a year in advance.
The Radical is strictly what its name and announce-
ment mean in the popular use of terms ; and is truly one
of the very best journals of its kind in the English lax."
guage. The July number is no better than the average.
Every issue is a whole Freight Train of Moral and Spirit-
ual provisions for which the world is famishing. It is a
shame that the editors and proprietors have not yet re*
alizefl any pecuniary profit from their laborious and faith-
ful undertaking, at the end of the second volume. But
so is it ever. Fortunes are made by printing and preach-
ing the most worthless and even hurtful trash, when sub-
stantial, living and life-giving truth pines on the crumbs
that fall from rich mens tables. Herod is arrayed in
purple and fine linen and fares sumptuously every day.
John goes hungry, naked, and barefooted, and even gets
beheaded for his faithfulness, alter all.
The Radical makes a slight mistake as to The Revo-
lution mid Mary Wollstonecrafts invaluable work.
We are publishing it entirely, to be completed in our
second volume. Though (he most pov erful argument for
Womans Bights ever framed, it has long been wholly
out of the market. The Radical will confer a favor by
making in a few words, the correction above indicated.
Footprints of Life : or, Faith and Nature Re-
conciled. By Philip Harvey, M. D. New York*: S. B.
Wells, 889 Broadway; Pp. U0,12 mo. Mr. Wells has
done his part of the work well, and given us a very pretty
hook; hut whether its whole statement, illustration and
argument could not have been condensed into half the
space, we are not sure. If so, it would have been economy
too important to be overlooked, for therein is the chief
value of the work. The subject hardly belongs to the
realm of poetry. True, Dr. young wrote the Infidel
Beolaimed * in measure, but it is doubtful whether even
that iron-linked argument would not have been more
effective in prose. Poetry in these times is perilous to
attempt. It is estimated in Boston, that over ninety out
of every hundred who attempt mercantile pursuits,
fail. Wooers of the Muse scarcely succeed better.
Putnams Monthly Magazine: [Incorporating now the
Northern Monthly,] A Magazine of Literature, Science and
Art. New York : Cl. P. Putnam & Son, 661 Broadway.
London, Sampson : Low & Co. Four dollars per annum.
Takes rank with the best magazine literature in the
country, and needs only a little more of the Progressive,
the Revolutionary, to place it first. The July number
has a biographical notice of Chief-Justice Chase, with a
sketch by Thomas Nast, drawn and expressly engraved
for this work.
Packards Monthly. An American magazine, devoted to
the interests of the young men of the country. One dol-
lar per Minim. New York : S. S. Packard, 937 Broadway.
A readable, lively and generally instructive journal. One
drawback perhaps, in this Mammoniad of ours ; almost
all its heroes are eminent money getters ; Eminent
men it calls themrelieved a little by an article from
the pen of James PartoD, entitled, Dont be a mere
money-maker but even be says, have two strings to
your bow;... .have a pursuit distinct from the occupa-
tion by which you live implying thatmoney may after
all be mans cftrV'end. But we like the Monthly* It can-
not fail to succeed ; and its moral success may be equal
to its monetary. It is not afraid of moral and progressive
ideas, and is evidently an explorer in the yet compara-
tively unknown regions, where the richest of these are to
he found.
The Home Guardian, Boston. New England Female
Moral Reform Society. Office, 21 Newton Place. The
society whose organ the Guardian is has existed formany
years, and deserves to he very highly esteemed for its
works sake. The Guardian is issued monthly, at one
dollar per annum, in advance. The profits of this valu-
able journal, together with all donations entrusted to the
society, are devoted to sustaining the Temporary Homo
and other operations to promote the cause of Moral
Purity and Virtue.
Fifth Annual Retort of the Trustees of the Massa-
chusetts Agricultural College, with super-elegant photo-
graphs of the principal buildings. Boston ; Wright &
Potter, 4 Spring Lane. Got up in a style most compli-
mentary to the Art of Printing. Our own printer, Mr.
Johnston need not have done it better j and ye know of
no other who could.
The Michigan University Magazine, issued by a board o
editors elected from the Senior Class by the Undergrad-
uates. Ten numbers will be issued during each college
year. Terms, $2 a year, payable in advance j single num-
bers, 25 cents. Address Editors Michigan University
Magazine, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The Massachusetts Teacher. A journal of Home and
School Education. Daniel B. Hagan, John Kneeland and
Granville B. Putnam, Editors. Monthly. $1,50 per an-
num, or single numbers, 15 cents.
The American Stock Company.Farmers and stock
breeders, who look to their own interests, might send
for a copy of this interesting Monthly Magazine; Speci-
men copies free. Address N. P. Boyer & Co., Publish-
ers, Parkersburg, Chester Co., Pa.
Catalogue and Sixth Annual Announcement of the
New York Medical College for Women, together with
Charter. Splendidly produced by Francis & Loutrell,
Printers and Stationers, 45 Maiden Lane.
Public Spirit. A monthly magazine for the million.
New York : Le Grand Benedict, 234 Broadway. Many of
its articles are good, and entertaining too ; and only 25
cents a number.
The Medical Record. A semi-monthly journal of
Medicineand Surgery. George F. Shrady, M. D., editor.
William Wood & Co., 61 Walker street, New York, four
dollars per annum.
American Publisher and Bookseller. A Record ot
American and Foreign Literature. Published monthly.
New York : G. R. Cathcart, 39 Park Row.
The True Bights of Women. By Catharine Wil-
liams, Huntington, Indiana, pp. 39,12 mo.
EDUCATION OF AN EGFT1AN RULER.
I was conducted into this room, and commanded, by a
voice unknown and from an invisible person, to seat
myself upon a stone chair in the centre of the room. I
obeyed ; for princes, during their initiation, are taught
constantly, that he who would know how to command,
must learn how to obey; and thus, in these rites sub-
mission and obedience are inculcated, as necessary ele-
ments in the character of one who wishes to exact them
from others. Indeed, the whole routine of the cere-
monies * is calculated to impress upon the heart
of a prince the wisest lessons in self-government, and
the profoundest knowledge of himself. Every tempta-
tion is offered him that he may resist it. Every condi-
tion of life, from hunger and thirst upward, be passes
through in his progress. Three nights and days I fasted
in the temple of Pthab, that I might pity the hungry ;
two days I suffered thirst, that I might feel for the
thirsty ; six hours 1 tolled with burdens, that I might
know how my poorer subjects toiled: one hour I was a
servant; another a prisoner, a third cup-bearer to the
high priest.Pillar of Fire.


24
Or tiftmliitimi.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,!
PARKER PILLSBURY, j ^ailols
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, JULY 16, 1868.
THE REVOLUTION.
' Press of matter and of business last week
prevented any announcement that we were en-
tering on our second volume. We did send
each subscriber a Circular calling attention to
it, and also bespeaking .earnest and increased
effort to extend our circulation. No American
newspaper ever set out with a higher, holier
purpose, mid so none ever deserved, and we
can surely say none ever achieved a more
brilliant success, in so short a time. We have
secured the ear, awakened the conscience and
enlisted the heart of the country in behalf of
the great cause of humanity and Equal Rights
to an extent unparalleled in history; and if
our friends will but lend us their hearty co-
operation, we shall, by the end of the year,
in spite of Presidential nominations and elec-
tions, be able to present accomplishment mid
prospect to make glad the heart of every
friend of justice and freedom.
s. B. A.
DEMOCRACY RESTORED.
The long agony is over. The fearful sus-
pense is apparently relieve d. The democrats are
again in the held, unterrified .as ever, united,
vigorous, defiant as before the war. Their seven
years captivity (not seventy, as the [Babylonian)
are ended, and the tribes are permitted to re-
turn. Their deputies have held secret counsel
in New York, and tho orders are in execution,
not only for their reconstruction and reunion
with one another and their restoration to the
old nationality, but also for their return to power
and place as rightful lords, masters and rulers
of this great Confederacy. And with character-
istic honesty and boldness they have indicated
their policy and purpose when they shall have
again come to the throne. Since the annexa-
tion of Texas, thirty years ago, the name of de-
mocracy has been- but the synonym of diabol-
ism ; and whatever southern slavery and slave-
holders needed or desired to prolong or aug-
ment their power, has been granted. Outrages
upon the Indians, War with Mexico, Fugitive
Slave law, Repeal of the Missouri Compromise,
Border Ruffian Rule in Kansas are but a part of
the exhibitions of southern arrogance and
domination, and of northern sycophancy and
subserviency in that period. Every way supe-
rior to the South, in population, wealth, enter-
prise, intelligence and moral culture, and for
many years with a majority vote in both Houses
of Congress, the North crouched and cowered
as submissively to every demand of the slave
power, as ever did a plantation negro to the
look or lash of a tyraut master. And but for
the mysterious blunder of an appeal to arms,
the South could have retained that supremacy
nnto this dayv

Long ago, James Buchanan said, and said
truly, that the democratic party was the natural
ally of slavery. And most meekly and submis-
sively it served its lord. No slave in the rice
swamp was ever more faithful. And the Con-
vention last week, in this city, plainly showed
that in nature and spirit both master and ser-
vant remain unchanged. Both have survived
the purgatorial fires of the war, and each in-
stinctively resumes its former place and posi-
tion. Slaveholders used to say they would yet
coll the roll of their slaves on Bunker Hill,
meaning, of course, their white slaves. Per-
haps they will. They certainly have done it in
the new Tammany Hall. What a consecration
of that proud structure! It might have bee a
dedicated to justice, to freedom, and the wor-
shippers within would have achieved a triumph
before wbicb all republican boast would have
paled forever out of sight. But so it could not
be. Now, probable defeat and certain dishonor
are assured. Such a party suicide the world
never knew before. The republican party never
appreciated the situation. The war was pro-
longed year after year with its immeasurable
losses until emancipation became a military ne-
cessity. Another four years have been dismally
wasted by it in the wildest and wickedest at-
tempts at reconstruction on the basis of injustice
mid cruelty. And now one more opportunity
has been given to the democratic party, which
it has i gnominiously spumed and rej ected. The
crack of the southern lash has awed it back to
its old degradation, but will not lift it again to
power. A worse nomination could not have
been made for even a political success. Its plat-
form is beneath contempt, because it has already
achieved all it ever will. On the most vital
question, that of suffrage and personal liberty,
both platforms are simply odious. The states
-can disfranchise their citizens at pleasure. On
finance and taxation hoth ore vague, and at best
only declare a determination to be guided by
circumstances. Neither is worth the paper on
which it te written. Both parties would pay
both the Federal and Confederate debt or either,
or repudiate both or either, for the sake of party
success. Both would create or destroy negro
suffrage in the south exactly as they do in the
north for the same lofty reason. Their history
as well as present position and conduct- reveal
their character and purpose, and why waste
words in speculating upon them! Both are
doomed of heaven, and their leaders should be
dreaded and deserted by all who would rescue
our nationality and save the people from longer
and more ruinous spoliation.
The one feature of the Democratic Conven-
tion most worthy of note is the bold and defiant
tone of the southern delegates. Whoever
dreams that the rebellion is crushed should
study well their utterances. Wade Hampton,
of South Carolina, said :
It has been the earnest desire of the south since the
war closed to join with the democratic party, and I want
you all to know that if we bad been willing to go to the
radical party we could have made any terms that we
chose; but we determined to take defeat with the demo-
cracy rather than by sacrificing our principles to gain
success with the radicals. We believed (hat if we were
true to those principles, if we were true to ourselves,
that God would not forsake us, and that those great
principles of American liberty, the great underlying
principles of the democratic party, would triumph, and
Ahat we would at last be'free and delivered from the ruin
which has been impending over us. * * * I want
you alt to register an oath that when they do vote that
those votes shall be counted, and if there is a majority of
white votes that you will place Seymour and Blair in the
White House in spite of all the bayonets that can be
brought against them. I appeal to you by that sworn
oath ; I appeal to you in the name of race, by all the
common traditions of the past, by the time when South
Carolina sent her soldiers to fight here and at Boston, by
the memories of the Revolution, by all the past and by
every hope of the future, to stand together to give ub
deliverance and to give success to those nominees whom
you have placed as your standard bearers to-day.
Governor Vance, of North Carolina, said :
The military despotism of the south brought me here
before you. You might take me, from this admission,
to be a damned rebel. He was one of those who accepted
the situation; buthe was not content to be tamely sub-
jugated to negro rule, as it was to be judged by events
in Dahomey, Hayti and St. Domingo. He came here to
plead for his home and country and a brave people ; and
as such he thought his remarks would be received by
them in the spirit in which he intended them. There
* was nothing left in his old State but scaUawags aud car-
pet baggers. Tbere is a tide flowing over the south that
if not stayed will cover the north as well as the south.
The whole State of North Carolina was in the hands of
the negro and a few poor, miserable, despicabte whites.
The south is turned into a penal colony, open to every
scallawag that likes to come among the people there.
* * There must be an end to the present deplor-
able state of affairs. They had bowed to the yoke long
enough, and it was now time that they should arise
and assert their manhood under the constitution. This
great country must be restored to its original position
of grandeur and greatness, or else constitutional liberty
is gone for ever. The democratic party is able to right
these evilsand the party need only put the shoulder to
the wheel to help the south out of the Slough oi
Despond into which it had fallen.
Governor Perry, of South Carolina, had every
reliance on*the democracy of the north, north-
west and of the east to rally to the support of
these candidates ; and with a long pull, a strong
pull, and a pull all together there Was no doubt
but success in November next would alight on
the democratic banner.
And Gen. F. P. Blair, afterwards nominated
for Vice-President added :
My fellow-citizens, I have said that the contest before
us was one for the restoration of our government; it is
also for the restoration of our race. It is to prevent the
people of one race from being exiled from their homes
exiled from the government which they formed and
created for themselves and for their children, and to
prevent them from being driven out in exile or trodden
under foot by an inferior and a semi-barbarous race. In
this contest we shall have the sympathy of every man
who is worthy to belong to the white raee. What civil-
ized .people on earth would refuse to associate with
themselves in all the rights and honors and digni-
ties of their country such men as Lee and Johnston?
(VoicesNone, none.) What civilized country on
earth would fail to do honor to those who, figbiing for
an erroneous cause, yet distinguished themselves by a
gallantry never surpassed ? In that contest for which
they are sought to be disfranchised and to be exiled
from their homesin that contest they proved them"
selves worthy to be our peers.
And there were plenty more of similar utter-
ances from the most rampant rebels of the Wav.
And the interpretation of them is given in the
letter of Gen. Blair, written two days be-
fore the Convention, and considered his final
bid for nomination to the Presidency itself, as
follows:
There is but one way, says Blair, to restore the
government and the Constitution, and that is for the
President elect to declare these (Reconstruction) acts
null and void, compel the army to undo its usurpations
at the south, disperse the carpet-bag state governments,
allow the white people to reorganize their own govern-
ments and elect senators and representatives. The
House of Representatives will contain a majority of de-
mocrats from the north, and they will admit the repre?
sentatives elected by the white people of the south, and,
with the co-operation of the President, it will not be dif-
ficult to compel the Senate to submit once more to the
obligations of the Constitution. It will not be able to
withstand the public judgment, if distinctly invoked
and clearly expressed, on this fundamental issue, and it
is the sure way to avoid all future strife to put this issue
plainly to the Country.
* # * *
We must have a President who will execute the will


, § tvfltitiftt.
25
Ik
of the people by trampling into post the usurpations
of Congress known as the Reconstruction acts.
What this nation is to prepare for is another
war. Gen. Hampton presumes to talk of
bayonets in the Convention, and Gen. Blair
thinks the whole work of reconstruction so far,
is to be declared null and void by ihe President!
Should Mr. Seymour be elected and find his
Wilkes Booth, Blair himself is President, with
Gen. Hampton unquestionably his Secretary of
war, and then what might nofc.be expected!
Those northern states that are disbanding their
volunteer militia and discouraging military pre-
paration and undervaluing martial valor, do not
discern the signs of the times!
The abolitionists warned the nation faithfully
of the impending scenes of carnage and blood
years before they opened upon us. When the
hour came they rushed with their countrymen
to the conflict, many of them to return no
more. In the hour of victory they sought to
aid by their counsels in the work of reconstruc-
tion. But their words were unheeded. They
adhered, too many of them, to the republican
policy too long. Indeed, many of them cling
to it and to the party still. Those of clearer
vision abandoned both when they saw how ut-
terly powerless the party was for good, and how
almost omnipotent it was for crime, corruption
and misrule. Turning to the last human re-
source, the people, they cast a friendly look to
the democratic party, in the vain hope that it,
tired of slavery, tired of war, and willing at
last, to do justice, at least for the sake of party
success if from no higher consideration, would
listen to their appeal. They showed them how
to secure the vote as well as everlasting grati-
tude of the colored race, by extending to them
their inalienable rights. They helped them to
comprehend and expose the grqwing and over-
whelming depravity of the party in power. They
appealed to them in the name of justice and
righteousness to come to the rescue in this hour
of peril, and to restore the nationality on a
basis of lasting prosperity and peace, which
would call down upon them the everlasting gra-
titude of mankind as well as make their party
invincible evermore.
But the' party is still joined to its idols.
Like the republican, its leaders dare, not trust
in truth, in the people, in God. We, however,
have done our duty to both, in the spirit of can-
dor, honesty and humanity. We would gladly
have aided either to a righteous reconstruction
on a basis worthy the genius of the nineteenth
century. To us, any government based on
class, caste, color, or sex, is a falsehood, a
tyranny, and will inevitably fail. This nation has
tried republicanism full long enough under in-
vidious and odious distinctions. We wash our
hands from any farther complicity in such folly
and criminality. We spurn, in the name of jus-
tice and humanity,-any proposed reconstruction
of our broken nationality that does not recog-
nize the equal right of every citizen in framing
every .constitution, and in enacting and execut-
ing every law. p. p.
Credit to Whom Credit.We have once or
twice referred to the practice of copying articles
from The Revolution, without giving the
customary credit. The Delaware County Amer-
ican, published in Media, Pa., was a wholesale
offender last week in that way. The Chnrch
Advocate, too, published in Lancaster, Pa., for
the general Eldership of the Church of God,
nullified also somewhat the Eighth Command-
ment in the same way, j5ueh little peccadillos
done in the name of the church of God, re-
mind one of an early colony of Connecticut set-
tlers, who, on arriving in the country, organ-
ized under two Resolutions: 1. Resolved, That
the earth is to be given to the saints. 2. Re-
solved, That we, being the saints, do hereby
take immediate possession ; and then, woe to
the Indian and the heathen ever afterward.' A
word to the just (if not the wise) is sufficient.
THE PEOPLE'S PARTY.
The two great political parties have met in
solemn convention, and declared themselves.
With the usual amount of canvassing and
manoeuvering they have nominated their candi-
dates and built their platforms. The parties
are so nearly alike in all they propose that it is
not of the slightest consequence to the people
which one triumphs. The masses will be no
more taxed or oppressed under one dynasty
than the other, for they are equally corrupt,
selfish and partisan, neither seeking the good of
the nation, but their own self aggrandisement.
These platforms are milestones in the, march of
civilization to show what new political liberties
we achieve under each Presidential term, the
long and weary miles the nation has travelled
through darkness and storm, through blood
and war, through hot debate and stolid indiffer-
ence, and the hand cut in stone, points whither
we are going. We stand to-day in the great
highway where two roads meet. 'Our leaders
of both parties have taken counsel, and. de-
cided to move on in the beaten way where des-
pots, monarchs, kings, emperors, czars, and
a mighty multitude have gone before to de-
struction.
If these political platforms express the aver-
age thought of those who think at all, and the
masses are ready to follow, in their wake to
share the fate of all republics that have gone
before, then it is vain to propose new leaders,
and a new road to peace and safety ; but if the
murmurs of discontent we hear among women,
negroes, working men, and the few great souls
that feel tie mighty sorrows of the masses,
though safe above want and oppression them-
selves, are as widespread as they seem, then
let the educators of public sentiment turn from
old parties and old principles, and with one
simultaneous move galvanize the laboring
classes into a new and higher life, teach them
what their true interests are, and what laws are
needed to secure to them food, clothes and
homes, virtue and education, time to read and
rest, and to cultivate that higher nature that is
to live for ever. We have men in this nation
who with real humanity and patriotism now
and then give the people glimpses of a true
government and social life, where, mid peace
and plenty, all men and women will labor and
all be fedwhere those who govern will not be
leeches on the body politic, wasting in luxurious
living a nations wealth, but use their wisdom
for the public safety and the general good.
Why is it that the masses do not rise up in
their strength and expel all these corrupt men
from office? They have the votes ; and if they
would organize and stand shoulder to shoulder,
and be true to each other and themselves, such
men as Stevens, Sumner, Wade, Julian, Ash-
ley, Phillips, Carey, would soon base this nation
on higher, purer principles, secure universal
suffrage, mid equalize the interests of labor and
capital.
Those of the people who can read cannot
plead ignorance of their ownwrongs, nor of the
incapacity and corruption of their leaders.
Ashley, in an honest speech made in Congress
a few weeks since, lays bare the cheat on the
people of our whole caucus and convention sys-
tem, by which half a dozen party manceuverers
lead the multitude by the nose. Carey, in a
speech of wonderful eloquence and power, de-
livered to conventions of working men all over
the country, shows just how the money and
lands of the nation are by cunning legislation
concentrated in the hands of the few, and the
many ground to powder. Phillips has tried for
more than a quarter cf a century to show how
the interests of labor depended on the equali-
zation of representation and legislation among
the whole people. Ben Wade, in his blunt, out-
spoken way, told the people a year ago, as he
has many times before, in a speech made all
'through the west, the daugers of land mono-
poly and the centralization of wealth, to which
since the war we were rapidly tending. Re-
member the first fruits of war are the apathy
and indifference of the people, and the demoral-
ization and corruption of the leaders. And
the nation is only to be redeemed by such an
uprising of its virtue and intelligence as shall
rouse the peoplh to an assertion of their rights,
and teach corrupt officials that the day of reck-
oning has come.
To this end, as an exhibition of the moral de-
termination of the people to secure the safety
and stability of this republic, let us call a na-
tional convention of all those outside party
trammels, and make a platform worthy the
eventful times in which we live, and nominate
for the highest offices under government men
who are worthy the suffrages of a thoughtful,
conscientious people. Until every citizen shall
be clothed with all his rights, and feel a per-
sonal responsibility for the nations welfare,
our republicanism, our democracy, is a sham,
and our boasted experiment of self-government
remains untried. e. c. s.
A DIRE ALTERNATIVE.
Col. Moss, of Missouri, whose letters from
Washington last year always made the Anti-
Slavery Standard interesting as well as useful,
concludes now that there is only one choice
for radical men in the coming election, and that
is to vote for Grant and Colfax, and organize for
the purpose of dictating the policy of his-ad-
ministration. And yet he says the republi-
can leaders have managed to so demoralize the
party as to convert it into an organization based
upon present acquirements waiting for some-
thing to turn up in the future.
Readers of the Standard didn't used to be-
lieve in choosing the least of two evils.
Another Washington correspondent of the
Standard says:
Republican Members of Congress are to-day as much
demoralized as they were at the July session of last year |
and appear determined to commit a more criminal blun
der than thej did at that session.
The blunder meant is adjournment, as
proposed on the 15th inst. And so he exhorts
earnestly, pathetically, that the body remain iu
session until that same party elect their Presi-
dent and inaugurate him on the 4th of March,
1869. And he adds, let a republican Congress
remain in session until March next ready to
meet any emergency, and all danger will be
past!!"
The Revolution teaches no such confu-
sion as this. Both parties have proved them-


26

themselves irredeemably corrupt, and it is high
treason to liberty and the country, to justice
and to God, to support either of them for an
hour. So far as is known, The Revolution
is alone in demanding forthwith the formation
of a new political party on the basis of justice
and equality to all. p. P-
A NEW POLITICAL PARTY.
The following suggestions on the necessity
for a new political party are contained in a
private lettler from an intelligent and most ex-
cellent friend in Massachusetts:
The fact is, we cant depend upon the leaders of either
party, and must have a new party with new men, but
primarily, a party of ideas and principles. A party of
those who mean to show their religion in their aeU. I
believe in the success of a religious idea, or of an idea
that is a religion and not of anything less than that. I
think the right note is struck by Linton and Moss, in yes-
terday's Standard, which I suppose you have read or
will read. The democratic party has been a swindle
from its inception to the present hour. Its great apostle,
Jefferson, was a swindle, and his child is like unto him.
The opposition to the democrats since the death of the
Federal party, has been a compromise, afraid to
trust its best instincts and its true leaders. As long
as the democrats were in power the opposition had to
be tolerably decent, and on that account it might be
well that the old regime should come up again. Now,
having got into power, the republicans have become cor-
rupt, and it seems to me as if there were a good time
coming, when both parties could be sifted, and all the
live materials rallied to the standard of principle. Tbe
dead might then unite to bury the dead. * It would
very likely be useless to nominate candidates for President
and Vice-President at present, but we might begin to or-
ganize and furnish a nucleus, which, no matter how small,
if only vital, will grow. I take it the germinal point, is
always microscopic as to matter and as to spirit, invisible,
except to the spiritual eye. And I hope that we shall not
content ourselves with enunciating glittering gene-
ralities, however true, in one breath, and putting for-
ward to represent them old party hacks and harlots
like Butler, for example, in another. I trust we shall
put our new wine into new bottles. In politics it is as
important to have true men sometimes as true principles.
Let ns not only advocate Woman's right to vote, but let
us offer our best representative women to be voted for.
When I. live to see the Idea of the freedom of the worker
from the tyranny of capital, representedinpolitics, Ishall
feel that the last yoke is broken for all, both men and
women. F. s. c.
MAILS OF SARAGOSSA.
----
The foreign journals tell of an uprising among
the women of Madrid, amounting almost to
another march to Versailles of the women in the
French Revolution. Four thousand female cigar
makers in the government factory, not receiving
their regular pay, armed with open scissors,
rushed into the directors office, who only es-
caped with his life by jumping lrom the balcony
outside of the window into the court below.
They next set about erecting baricadesan act
in which they proved adepts, inasmuch as on
the arrival of the Minister of Finance, his excel-
lency was received by a shower of brickbats, old
erpekery, and a variety of other utensils. He
naturally retired from the scene of^action, and
sent down a body of police, with orders to take
the factory by storm. The police effected a
breach in the outworks, and captured two hun-
dred of the Amazons, which did not prevent the
remaining three thousand eight hundred from
proceeding on the following day to the palace
yard, and there enacting another visit of pois-
sardes to Versailles in 1789. And to complete
the parody the Queen appeared on the balcony
and endeavored to appease the fair malcontents.
They retired on receiving money distributed
amoDg them by her orders. The women need
not much longer be told they will never vote,
because suffrage means also soldiering; ballot-
box balanced by the cartridge-box,ballots
only a paper currency, of which bullets are the
specie redemption ; for it is fast becoming ap-
parent that women are equal as well to the rough
emergencies of war as to the scenes of domestic
life. If man would not see woman unsexed, let
him not by cruelty and injustice commence the
process. For if, as Scripture has it, Oppres-
sion maketh even a wise man {mad, what may
it not do to unwise woman ?
The Pakaguay Amazons.A correspondent
asks :
What will the allies do now if brought before an army
of women ? To light or to run away ? Which can be
done with tbe most honor ? To conquer or to be defeat-
ed? Which can the men best afford ? When they return,
will they prefer to be hailed a9 the men who whipped
tbe women, or the men who more gallantly allowed the
women to whip them ?
The Revolution answers. Women ask no
rights without accompanying responsibilities.
What they ask is equality with men in rights
and immunities. Then, if they are encountered,
even on the battle-field, treat them accordingly.
BONDAGE TO FORM.
The Independent must look to its laurels. The
Chicago Advance, its worthy competitor, is
abroad and- means business in its wrestle with
the bondage of sect and religious formality.
Speaking of churches destitute of ministers, it
says, owing to the notion that only an ordained
clergyman has the light to preach and to admin-
ister the sacraments, no sermons are delivered,
no children are baptized, no table of the Lord
is spread, and probably no public worship is
held!......It is time that these remuants of Ro-
mish doctrine and practice disappeared. They
are contrary to the New Testament conception
of the church and ministry. Under Christianity
there is no priesthood as a separate class, order
or caste in the church to whom alone is com-
mitted the valid administration of ordinances.
Neither the theory nor the practice appears in
the New Testament.........As of abstract in-
dividual right, therefore, every Christian man
may preach and administer the ordinances....
No church has a right to neglect public worship,
or obedience to Christs command, This do in
remembrance of me, or the baptism of its chil-
dren, because it has no ordained minister...
If months pass and no minister can be had, let
the abler brethren take turns in preaching at
one service on the Lords Day, and let the Lords
Supper and baptism be administered by the
deacons.
Every liberal and intelligent person will re-
joice at such unmistakable evidence that bond-
age to forms is fast passing away. Dogma and
doctrine long ago lost their terrors in the more
enlightened sects, and the kingdom of righteous-
ness and peace is fast coming in their stead.
De Gustibus, Etc.Dr. Holland, describing
his fellow voyagers to England last month, says,
there was a maiden lady with a pet lap-dog on
her way to Faris, to 'consult an eminent
physician on her pets health. The doctor says
the dog is sixteen years old, and his devoted mis-
tress hopes and prays that she may keep him till
twenty-five. He has bronchitis and a cough.. He
is ugly. He looks like a dirty mop, but he is ten-
derly beloved by a woman who ought to be mar-
ried and to have children to absorb her affection s.
The affections of a spotless maid, the powers o
the immortal soul surrendered to a purp How-
ever, the doctor thinks, and so do we, that a
woman may as well worship a dog as worship
herself.
Madame Oltmpe Audotjard has arrived in
this country. Some translations from her
golden pen are enriching the columns of The
Revolution. The papers speak of her as a
lady whom all that is brightest and best in
France delights to honor ; as a traveller who has
seen the interior of Oriental life in the nine-
teenth century more thoroughly, and describe
it more truly than did Lady Mary Wortley Mon-
tague in the eighteenth century ; and a writer
whose resolute but graceful assertion of the
rightsof her sex to equality with man before the
law, has won for her the sympathy and the
friendship of the finest minds of Europe.
Greeley.Mr. Greeley, in speaking of. the
overtures of the Womans Suffrage Association
of America, says they were received with
screams of laughter, forgetting (?) to men-
tion the applause. How were your overtures re-
ceived by the American people, Mr. Greeley,
when you attempted to prove that you did not
make a fool of yourself at Niagara, and by your
various other statesmanlike performances,
during the last few years?with silent con-
tempt !
Marriage.Voltaire used to say, the more
married men you have the fewer crimes there
will be. Marriage renders a man more virtuous
and more wise. An unmarried man is but half
a perfect being, and it requires the other half to
make things right; and it cannot be expected
that in this imperfect state he can keep the
straight path of rectitude any more than a boat
with one oar or a bird with one wing can keep
a straight course. But we are thrown upon times
so wholly degenerate, that this remedy seems
almost to fail. Until woman is emancipated and
elevated morally and spiritually, and man with
her, even marriage itself must continue to be
often far more a curse than a blessing.
Who were Voters.Mr. Bancroft, in his
history, says white men alone could claim the
franchise in Virginia, in South Carolina and in
Georgia, but in South Carolina a benign inter-
pretation of the law classed the free octoroon as
a white, even though descended through an un-
broken line of mothers from an imported Afri-
can slave. The other ten states raised no ques-
tion of color. The blacks have gradually been
robbed of light of suffrage since that period,
in almost every state ; in Connecticut so late as
1817.
Forcible Appeal.The Kansas women close
their argument for right of Suffrage thus :
Whatever, then, may be the opinion of fair ladies
who dwell in ceiled houses in our older Eastern states
and cities,who, like the lilies, neither toil nor spin, whose
fair hands would gather close their silken apparel at the
thought of touching the homelier garments of many a
heroine of Kansaswhatever they may say in reference
to this question, we, the women of the Spartan state,
declare we want to vote;
The New Hampshire Convention of Univer-
salists, at their late anniversary, adopted unani-
mously a resolution in favor of Woman's eleva-
tion to entire equality with man in every civil,
political, and religious right.


27
OT* lUvolutiM.
Lola. Montez was born in Dublin, of Irish parent
Her gray is at Greenwood Cemetery, and contains only
ber age and her nameEliza Gilbert.
Fanny Janauschek has sent forty thousand dollars*
worth of American bonds, the net profits of her trip to
the United States, to her relatives in Prague.Exchange.
Poor Lola! a ballet-dancer, an actress, a
traveller, a lecturer, a courtezan, a kings mis-
tressby turns courted and despised, applauded'
and' execrated, a id after a long and eventful
career returning in death to the maiden name
under which she first knew purity and happi-
ness. What a contrast between her career,
began at a time when it was far easier for a
woman to support herself as she did, and to
defy the conterdpt of the virtuous, than to do
so by honest toil without the help of either
virtuous or. vicious ; and that of the Bohemian
pianist, began two generations later, when the
advocates of Womans Bights, had forced the
virtuous to see that their duty was to open all
honorable employment to women. Yet Mrs.
Grundy, good, conservative woman, will close
her eyes to these facts, and will declare that
Fanny Janauschek would be more womanly,
more in her true sphere, if, instead of support-
ing herself and her relatives in comfort by pub-
lic performances, she supported them in rags
and a garret with the needle, and eyes just far
enough from failing to see the impending alter-
native between starvation and dishonor.
J. K. H. WlLLCOX.
Club Houses.Boston Zion's Herald thinks a
club house for ladies in Boston and one in New
York are signs of a decay in social and domes-
tic manners and morals that no Christian oan
regard without painful reflections ; serious indi-
cations of something rotton in the state of
Denmark. The Revolution concurs, but
puts club bouses for men pre-eminently in the
same category.
The Detroit Post says, one of the delegates
elected from Tennessee to the Democratic
National Convention,' held last week, is a coal
black nigger, named James G. Williams. Is
this a white mans party ?
Along the line of the Long Island railroad,
women are seen working in the fields with men ;
yet it would degrade them to go to the polls and
vote with men !
HARRIET HOSMER,
Eighteen years ago, a young girl, filled with the light
of genius, and longing to give expression to tbe language
of her soul through the workings of her own fair hands,
chOBe to dedicate herself to the art of sculpture, and to
this purpose set out to carve her way through life by an
earnest devotion to her noble profession. Preparatory
to fitting herself for the work, she desired to pursue a
course of anatomical instruction, and accordingly pre-
sented herself for admission to several of the medical
colleges both in her own and neighboring states. But
the responses which met her earnest pleadings for ad-
mittance were only rebuffs and reproaches that she
should presume to ask a privilege which the world
considered so far beyond the prerogative of her sex.
Repulsed and grieved by tbe selfish* narrow-minded-
ness of man in her native state, still undaunted, she
turned her face westward, and crossing tbe Mississippi,
entered the city of St. Louis, led there by an incidental
acquaintance with one of its prominent and influential
citizens, and to whom her appeal was not made in vain.
A man of noble impulse, recognizing the power of the
soul, he acknowledged talent and genius in whatever sex
he found it clothed. And, extending to this young and
delicate girl his hospitality and sympathy, he prooured
for her the instructions for which she had prayed in
vain in t]\e older and more civilized states of her native
land. Six months she remained in that city, arduously
devoted to the study of anatomy, and then departing for
Rome entered the studio of Gibson in tbe Eternal City,
where her first production was a white marble medallion
of her honored preceptor; an expression of her ap-
preciation of, and gratitude ior, the inestimable services
he had rendered her.
During the many years that have intervened since that
time, this womans fame has been floating out upon the
world. She has ascended higher and higher in the dif-
ficult scales of progress, until the name of Harriet Hos-
mer now stands enrolled among the first of artists and
soul-inspiring geniuses. And tbe nation is now proud
to claim, and delights to hoDor the girl it once slighted
and repulsed, simply because she demanded the privi-
lege of cultivating the highest attributes of her woman-
hood.
St. Louis, a city of the West, was the first to extend to
Miss Hosmer the right hand of fellowship, and has since
been amply rewarded lor its humanity, by the high
honor thus conferred upon it, and by mauy substantial
tokens of her gratitude and kindly remembrance, the
last of which is a marble bust of Mr. WaymanCrow;
the kind benefactor who received her, a stranger in a
strange land, and by those little acts of kindness which
womans heart can never forget, won for himself a place
in her regard which must now afford him much grati-
fication. The bust was sent on to be presented to the
Washington University, St. Louis, at its annual com-
mencement on the 18th of June. The presentation ex-
ercises were very interesting and appropriate, causing
some surprise and no little pleasure. The whole affair had
been gotten up so quietly that Mr. Crow, who was pre-
sent on the occasion, knew nothing of it until he sat, as a
prototype, before the unveiled figure. Some few weeks
since, that same city was the scene of an inauguration
in honor of one of our nations noblest sons, the
father of Missouri, and a. colossal statue in bronze,
moulded by the hand of Harriet Hosmer, now adorns
one of its parks, as a fair specimen of human handiwork.
It stands there a worthy monument of womans power
to will and to do, proving, by the struggling and inspir-
ing genius of one woman, that perseverance and energy
will carve the way to the highest and noblest attainments
for woman as well as man. j *
Iowa has three women editorsMrs Mooney of th
Jefferson Era ; Mrs Hartshorn, of the Corydon Monitor,
and Mrs. Mary Read of the Wright County Register.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. Hew York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emand
paled from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Frandsco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE KEVOLUTION.
VOL. II.NO. 2.
LA GREVE DU MILLIARD.
BY M. VICTOR BONNET. #
Translated from the Revue Des Deux Mondes of May for
The Revolution.
M. Victor Bonnet has the credit of having
made the most masterly exposition of the causes
which have produced- the existing stagnation
of capital and paralyzation of enterprise in
Europe, and from which the United States are
suffering at the present moment. The green-
back system of the United States has driven
their share of the precious metals into the
Banks of France and England, and so gorged
them with gold as to have stupified their capi-
talists with the surfeit. National progress has
been arrested thereby. The commercial world
is vegetating in a mere existence, and every-
body is asking what next? War hovers on the
European horizon, and Revolution on that of
the United States. Europe and America are
slumbering over a volcano-^-the volcano of op-
pressed, down-trodden, tax-ridden peoples.
The people never revolt from fickleness, or
the mere desire of change. It is the impatience
of suffering which alone has this effect. Thus
said one of the greatest of French statesmen.
The people of Europe are suffering from the
licentious extravagance of their governments
and the burden of national debts. The people's
suffering means Revolution. In the United
States, the curse of misgovemmenta gov-
ernment of claim agentsis fastened upon us.
Ignorance and incapacity, extravagance and
corruption, a shameless licentiousness, and the
emboldened rapacity of the horse-leech, which
cries for ever, give, give, are bubbling up
and boiling over in every official circle of the
peoples servants, commencing with Washing-
ton and extending to every corner of this land.
The same causes that produced the French
Revolution of 1789, which culminated in 1815,
to break out ever and anon afresh under Charles
X., Louis Phillipe, the citizen king, and that is
now smouldering under the imperial regime of
a Bonaparte, are at the present moment work-
ing and seething among the masses of the
people in the United States. The American
people are beginning to feel the first twitches
of the iron grip of want, and to suffer from the
evils of a blighted industry, caused by class
legislation and onerous taxation, while at the
same moment they are exasperated by the op-
pression of privileged classes rioting in ill-gotten
wealth wrung from their hard toil by unjjust
laws. A slave is a person whose bodily toil
and the fruits of it are the property of another.
The millions of American people outside of the
privileged aristocratic classes of National Bank
men, official whiskey ring and other thieves,
and bondholders, are the slaves of these privi-
leged classes, who own their tyodily toil and
the fruits thereof.
M. Bonnet exhibits a graphic picture of na-
tional exhaustion, torpid capital, and a scathing
analysis of the dissipation of national wealth
through the agency of the Credit Mobilier of
Paris, M. Haussmans superb fantasy for build-
ing over again all Paris, and driving tbe people
beyond the harriers. The peoples suffering
means Revolution.
The Grave of the Billion is shown by M.
Bonnet in the actions of the Credit Mobilier
and M. Haussman, and The Burden of the
Billion is shown in the billion of idle money
resting in the Bank of France. The following
is La Greve Du Milliard :

It is now four years since we defended the
Bank of France against the unjust attacks of
which it was the object. Discount was from
seven to eight per cent. ; the average of the
Treasury was below 200,000,000, and the
amount of bank bills reached 800,000,000. At
that time complaint was made of the scarcity of


28

specie, and the Bank of France was accused of
causing it, or at least of not preventing it by
means supposed to be in its power. It was pub-
licly said that it abused its monopoly, that it
was interested in keeping money dear, and
that as long as this monopoly should exist
money never would be cheap. Charming pic-
tures were drawn of public prosperity, if money
should return to a normal value of lour per
cent. Nothing more would be desired. We
have no need to demonstrate, at this day,
after all that has occurred, that these com-
plaints had as little foundation as disinterested-
ness. If to remedy the high price of money
the exact means proposed had been adopted,
the creation of a second bank of issue in the
hands of ( Credit Mobilier) (of moveable, or
public, or changeable credit) we should have to
deplore other disasters than those experienced :
by this community. One fact at least is estab-
lished ; it is, that the monopoly of the Bank of
France was not an absolute obstacle to the
cheapness of money, since for more than a
year discount has been at two and a half per
cent., after having long remained at three per
ceDt., and the bank is not able to invest at this
price all tbe capital at its disposal. It is de-
monstrated, moreover, that the cheapness of
capital, from which were promised such great
results, has not been so efficacious an influence
bn public prosperity and tbe development of
wealth as was anticipated. In fact, for more
than a year the rate of discount has been two
and a half per cent., and meanwhile we are far
from being in a prosperous era. From whence
comes this? From whence comes it, above
all, that we have seen so complete a change
accomplished in the condition of disposable
oapital? In the month of November, 1864,
money was from seven to eight per cent., with
a Treasury of at least 200,000,000. In the
month of March following it was not more than
three and a half per cent., and the Treasury had
increased to more than 400,000,000. Since then
the two tendencies, the one to lower the rate of
interest, the other to increase the treasury, have
only reacted on each other more and more. In
1866 the Treasury reached 700,000,000, and dis-
count was three per cent, in 1867 the Treasury
reached 1,000,000,000, and discount still de-
creased. To-day the money touches 1,150,000,-
000, and discount is two apd a half per cent. It
is the most extraordinary fact which has occur-
red up to this time in the history of the Bank
of France. Never has the Treasury been seen
to reach so high a figure ; and never have two
so opposite situations as those of the month of
November, 1864, and of April, 1868, been pro-
duced within so short an interval.
The fact of the political revolution set aside,
that which in the ordinary current of events
modifies to a sensible degree the amount of dis-
posable capitalthat which renders it suddenly
so abundant, scarce as it was the day before, are
the commercial and financial crises, and the liqui-
dation which results from them. Capitalists,
tried by the more or less considerable losses,
retire for the time being from business and
wait, until circumstances appear to them more
favorable before engaging themselves anew.
But it is rare that this effect continues through
a whol^year. The memory of the Past is soon
effaced, confidence returns, and business re-
vives. So it was after the last crisis but one
that of 1857. Since 1859, notwithstanding
tbe Italian war and tbe alarms to which it gave
rise, all capital sought and found investment.
Since the liquidation of the crisis of 1863 and
1864 things have completely changed face.
There was, indeed, a certain activity in trans-
actions in 1865, more in 1866, notwithstanding
the German war. At the same time, this favor-
able change has not been of long duration,
neither has due importance been attached to it,
considering the abundance of the resources in-
vested, and the vigor that infuses itself ordi-
narily in the resumption of business when a
crisis is'past. Communities after these calami-
ties, which overtake them from time to time,
almost periodically, are like convalescents re-
turning to health, they need to recover their
lost time, and to'reanimate their wasted forces.
Then they set tliemselves to producing and con-
suming so much the more that they have been
long in a state of inaction. There has been
nothing like it since 1864. It bad this peculiar-
ity, that after the first moments of reaction in
1865 and 1866, business was suddenly checked
in 1867, as if the nation was exhausted with
the effort It had made, and had need of re-
cuperation.
In order to find a point of comparison with
the present situation, it would be necessary
to revert to the revolutionary period of 1848 to
1851, though the elements may not be the same.
It is evident that wealth is much greater to-
day than it was then, and production and con-
sumption are enormously developed. That
which has been acquired remains acquired, and
continues to produce its effects. We have now
more railroads than then ; gold mines turn out
to us billions, which increase in proportion
national activity; in short, science has made
progress of all kinds which has contributed
also to increase social wealth to a degree which
permits no comparison with the period of 1848
to 1851. But the point of analogy exists in the
stagnation of business.
From 1848 to 1851 tbe dominant fact was the
abundance of disposable capital in proportion
to the demand for it. There was at the bank a
Treasury nearly equal to the. producing circula-
tion. Indeed, at one time it was greater. The
depositories overflowed, and no one knew wbat
to do with his means.
At the same time business was at a stand-
still. There would have been a thousand means
of employing capital, if capitalists had desired
to invest. But they did not. They were gov-
evened by a single sentimentthat of fear. Theiy
preferred to hold their capital inactive rather
than to circulate it.
The situation is the same to-day. We do not
dare to act, and there we remain inert with im-
mense capital^ with elements of production
such as have never been amassed in any coun-
try, and which could create public wealth to an
unusual degree. In presence of this fact, which
has already continued more than a year, an im-
pression has been produced on many minds
entirely contrary to that which existed in 1863
and 1864. At that time we were astonished be-
yond measure at the high price of money. For
several years past discount had been five or six
per cent, and it was not apparent how things
could ever change. To-day we have a plethora
of specie ; capital is two and a half per cent.,
and tbe public is disposed to believe that it will
henceforth remain sothat disposable capital
will always exceed tbe demandthat there is
only one thing to be done to protect ourselves
against the influx of prSfcious metals which
would jesult in disturbing our commercial rela-
tions.
It is said that we are a nation of innovators,
who delight to look ahead and seek changes,
and even revolutions. This is a very great
error. We have, indeed, an unstable manner ;
but no people submit themselves more readily
to facts accomplished, or are more disposed to
accept them as a rule for the future. Without
going beyond the (domain eoonomio) how many
incidents have we already experienced that we
have willingly taken as laws of progress. In
1848, one spoke of the organization of labor,
and without consenting precisely to that which
was demanded by Louis Blanc, and that which
was debated in the Conferences of Luxembourg,
many people inclined to believe that there was,
indeed, something worthy to be vested in this
order of ideas, and that the ancient relationships
of capital and labor ought to -he modified.
They were not long in returning to a better
judgment. To-day it is the turn of the societies
called co-operative, under the influence of the
repute that these societies have suddenly ob-
tained, after the attention lent to them in the
counsels of tbe government, and the encourage-
ments of which they have been the object,
many persons -imagine that they have a reliable
foundation, and that there is in them the germ
of a grand economic revolution. We discard
this optimism after the experience of several
years. It is the same with the changes which
operate in the laws, which regulate capital and
circulation. When capital is dear we do not
conceive how it can become cheap, or how it can
become dear when it is cheap. Let us defy
these momentary impressions,. and let us learn
to face matters with more calmness. We are
old enough in the worldI will not say to have
experience of all things, but at least not to be
surprised (in economic and political circles) by
facts which shall remain unexplained. There
is an explanation for that which we call La
Greve du Milliard, or The Burden of the Bil-
lion, that we shall now present.,
l.
The Billion of the Bank of France has, as we
think, several causes. First, a singular politi-
cal inquietude which paralyzes all affairs in
France and Europe ; then the high tariffs of
the United States,-which close for us a most
important outlet; finally, the forced cur-
rency of bank bills which exists in several
states in America and in Europe, and creates a
reflux toward us of all the precious metals. To
these causes we may still add the development
of means of credit, and especially the more ex-
tended use of bills of exchange. The thought
will, doubtless, occur to many, if we have in
the Bank of France more capital than at any
previous epoch, we owe it to the increase of pub-
lic wealth, and to the fact that our savings have
been greater. This would be a grave error. Pub-
lic wealth does not measure itself by the treas-
ury of the banks. By this reasoning the Bank of
England, which has never on an average a trea-
sury as great as that of the Bank of France,
would indicate a country less wealthy than our
own, and the contrary is the fact. As to sav-
ings, they are seen to accumulate in greater
sums in years when capital has been most dear.
The reason is simple : Savinq is the- child of
labor; now, the more active labor is, the greater the
savings; and the more active labor is, the more
capital is demanded, and by consequence is dear.
There is not, then, any necessary relation be-
tween tbe accumulation of treasure in tbe bank
and the development of public wealth. This
correspondence has been able to exist hereto-
fore, notwithstanding there were not as many
ways of utilizing capital as at the present time.
In the last century Holland had moje capital


than necessary for her wants. She had not a
regular employment (or use) for all her savings,
and money was at alow price. Not more than
forty years ago it was the same in England, be*
fore the expansion that her commerce gained
since the inauguration of the freedom of ex*
changes. This situation is nowhere to be
found at this day. Commercial relations are so
extended, industry has so developed, that all
capital is employed; and when, perchance, it is
seen to accumulate in the treasuries of the
banks, it is because of reasons wholly acci-
dental which cause this result.
In order to be convinced that there is a
time of suspension in social activity, one
has only to investigate the divers symptom*
by which it manifests itself. Last year for-
eign commerceimportation and exportation
unitedyielded apparently 154,000,000 more
. than in 1866, But if one takes account
ol the increase of importation of cereals (on
account of the dearth, 235 millions against
49, which is not an indication of prosperity)
one finds that the significant figures of the
balance of foreign commerce in 1867 transpose
themselves by a difference of not less than 50
millions from 1866.1 This same year, 1866, had
furnished an augmentation of 280 millions on
the preceding year. In 1867 the indirect reve-
nues (are) remain equally below those of the
preceding year, about 2,000,000. As to the
(portefeuille) of the Bank of France, which, is
really the most characteristic symptom of the
activity of the country, this (portefeuille) has
only decreased from month to month, and the
total of the discount operations of the year
1867 was 5,733,000,000 against 6,574,000,000 in
1866. Facts, then,' prove that there was a time
of actual cessation in the movement of affairs
in 1867. But some will say, How is this stag-
nation which is only manifested after all by a
diminution of 52,000,000 in the figures of for-
eign commerce, which still leaves the indirect
revenues at nearly the same figure as in 1866,
how is. it to be explained by an accumulation of
capital as great as that which exists to-day ?
How can it cause interest to descend to two and
a half per cent., and even below that, and hold
itself there so long ?
In order to give a reason for the influence that
a season of suspension in business exeroises on
the accumulation of disposable capital we must
consider what is the element on which it acts.
. There is always in society a- mass of floating
capital; it is the circulating part of public
wealth, that which ministers to our needs,
while we are producing the .things which must
replace it; such as, for example, the corn and the
wine that we consume before the years harvest
can be put into the market ; the stuffs that we
wear while others are being manufactured. In
times of great activity, when nothing checks
business, this floating wealth is always employ-
ed ; it is eveu sometimes insufficient, which
makes it augment in value. How, when insuffi-
cient, may it suddenly be made abundant? It suf-
fices if there be a checkin the demand for labor.
Suppose that this disposable part of wealth be 50
billions of francs, and that figure certainly is
not exaggerated, since it embraces all the occu-
pations of the country, all business operations
at the time, if there is only a slackening of a
twentieth parta proportion which is inferior
to that which we discover by a comparison of
the operations of the Bank in 1867 and 1866,
immediately we have the withdrawal from busi-
ness of two and a half billions of capita).
Now, we see that two and a half billions of
'Mt ftevstafUffT :
disposable capital coming to weigh suddenly on
the market has a very decided lowering ten-
dency. The cause which most frequently
creates this season of suspension in business,
and this plethora of capital, we have stated
before is the liquidating of a commercial or
financial crisis.
At this time, the cause is entirely different,
and acts with still more force. It is seldom
that all branches of industry are reached by tbe
effects of an ordinary crisis, which touches more
particularly those whose speculations has been
carried to excess. At one time it will be the
iron interests or those interests of which cotton
is the principal feature, at another time it will
be foreign loans. Capital invested in industrial
or financiering companies which find them-
selves compromised. There will result from
this, by the law of consolidation which unites
all business, a certain counter-blow on those
industries which are not directly reached. But
this influence will be very light, and in all in-
stances it will grow less, in proportion as the
relationship distances. It is not even the same
when the cause of suspension comes from politi-
cal disturbances, which paralyze everything at
onceand one might almost say, in the same
manner. No one dares to engage in business
for fear of being overtaken by events of extreme
gravity. Credit, which is the soul of social ac-
tivity, the principal element of progress, finds it-
self suspended. No one will risk speculations
for a long term. The future is closed. Current
business only is done, based upon the imme-
diate needs of consumption. Capital retires, and
holds itself under shelter as at the commencement of
a tempest. This is our situation since the great
change which operated in Europe in 1866, after
the battle of Sadowa.
Since that moment, the public mind has no
longer been upon business, but upon military
affairs. It was with difficulty that the universal
exposition last year made any diversion. People
visited it, admired the prodigality of all nature
which it embodied, but their preoccupation re-
mained the same. It is in vain that govern-
ments talk of peace. People will not believe in
it. They remain persuaded there is a pressure
of circumstances which sooner or later will
surely bring on war, and that they must be pre-
pared. It is easily to be seen that in such a sit-
uation, uneasiness reigns in France and through
all Europe, that England even does not escape,
notwithstanding her insular situation. If her
politics do not submit to such influences, her
commerce feels them. In England, as in
France, the year 1867 has been unfortunate.
It has brought a decided diminution in foreign
commerce, as compared with the preceding year,
and the revenues from taxes are sensibly below
what washoped. For the rest, this solidarity of
all the peoples in presence of the ravages which
war threatens, has this much of benefitthat it
calls for the efforts of all to obviate them, and this
is the best guaranty of peace. Lord Stanley last
year was enabled to arrest the conflict which
might have arisen from the case of the Grand
Duchy of Luxembourg! Can we believe he would
have been as zealous in his negotiations, if he
had not had in mind the industrial prosperity
of his country ? England is not ambitious of
more conquests, at least in Europe, but she
seeks, more and more, commercial outlets, and
in order to find them, she must have around
her peaceful' nations, who employ their re-
sources in other directions than the manufacture
of armaments. On the day when Europe is dis-
turbed in any portion of her territory whatso-
29
ever, they are the hammers of Sheffield that are
stayedthey are the work-shops of Birmingham
and Manchester that are closed only ; and Mas is
the particular misfortune of our country, we
feel more than any other, everything, all, which
agitates Europefirst, because our politics can-
not stand aloof like those of England; secondly,
because with us on account of our revolution-
ary antecedents, foreign difficulties always com-
plicate themselves immediately with internal
difficulties. We are always led,to believe that
the destinies of the government may be put in
jeopardy, if these differences take an unfortunate
turn. It is this which has impressed on an
actual crisis in France a character of exceptional
gravity. Outside of politics, the second reason
which has contributed a great share to the
slackening of our business and that of England,
is the high tariff of the Custom House of the
United States. Since the end of the war of
secession, the Americans have had but one
thoughtto revive their industry, which had
suffered greatly from the ravages of war, and
to procure for themselves the necessary re-
sources to pay the interest of the enormous
debt which they have contracted. For this pur-
pose, they have devisedindependently of inter-
nal taxation which reaches almost all objects of
consumption,Custom House taxes which are
almost equivalent to prohibition. Xe Monileur
declared lately, on authority of a New York
journal, that from the 1st of October to the 30th
of November, 1867, $268,000,000 of merchandise
arrived in that city, havingy ielded $117,000,000
of taxes, that is to say, about forty-three per
cent. Experience, doubtless, will teach the
Americans, as it has taught other nations, that
nothing is ever gained < by such absolute re-
trenchment in their foreign relations, and by
isolation from the rest of the world. There are
products in Europe which Americans cannot do
without What do they gain by obliging their
people to pay such high tariffs for necessary
productions ? The money that is used to procure
them is lacking for other wants, mid, in fact, it
is the home manufacture which bears the ex-
penses paid for articles, coming from abroad.
While they are gaining this experience,-the
commercial policy of the United States is for
the time being, very unfavorable to us. It limits
considerably (in that country the outlets we
found) for our products of every kind, for our
wines, our silks, our articles of fashion, and as
a nation of consumers so rich, is not easily re-
placed. So long as this market shall not be re-
opened to us, we must expect a certain deficit
in our foreign commerce.
We arrive now at the third cause, which has
had influence on our specie treasury. It is of a
nature altogether peculiar. It arises from the
forced currency of bills payable to bearer (or
bank bills). This forced currency exists in the
United States, in Brazil, and in other parts of
South America; it exists also in Europe in
several very important countries ; in Bussia, in
Austria, in Italy, in Turkey. If we may trust
an English journal, much accredited in these
matters, the amount of paper money which cir-
culates as much in the New World as in Europe,
reaches 15 billions of francs. This figure is with -
out doubt, exaggeratedlet us diminish it one-
thirdthere will still remain 10 billions of
francs! this is enormous; and the share of Europe
maybe four and a half billionstwo and a half
billions for Bussia, six or seven hundred millions
for Austria--as much for Italy and for Turkey.
We calculate that the United States must hold
near four billions. Before the war of secession!


30
flu J
t >
when the circulation of that country was specie,
all the gold of California and other mines scat-
tered itself there in the outset, and the greater
part remained there by occasion of the expan-
sion of commerce and industry; the surplus
only pioured itself .out on Europe. Now that
paper money has replaced the precious metals,
the gold of the mines scarcely makes port in
New York, and from there arrives here directly.
If the United States retained formerly the half
it may be about three or four millions of the six
or seven millions produced by the mines, they
keep to-day hardly the fifth part. It is easy to
comprehend that such a situation which has al-
ready lasted several years, must have exercised
a considerable influence on the money markets
of Europe, so much the more, that all Europe is
not open to the influx of the precious metals.
Paper money, which expels specie, prevents also
its return. Austria, Italy, Kussia, Turkey, re-
ceive none, or almost none, of the precious
metals of America. The other countries, such
as Holland, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, re-
ceive very little also, their money standard
being silver. There remain then only England
and France, as outlets to the productions of the
gold mines. ^
This gold arrives first in England, which is
the most important market of the world for all
things. The English keep what they can of it,
what they are obliged to keep, and they send
the rest, perhaps for exchange for our silver
money, which they use to export to the In-
dies and the extreme East, perhaps in exchange
for other merchandise. B is for us and the Eng-
lish, that the miners of California, Australia, and
Central America, labor. We said above, that
the countries which have a forced currency,
(or paper currency) cannot receive the precious
metals of America. Not only do they not receive it,
but their own specie circulation goes abroad and
reaches us. The gold which is produced in the
Ural mountains only stops at St Petersburg,
and does not remain there. It seeks other coun-
tries where it sojourns. The same in Austria,
this unfortunate country, during the twenty
years that it has been given up to a paper cur-
rency, has no longer metal money. The circu-
lation of paper there descends even to a Florin.
As to I^aly, we can see for ourselves, by the cir-
culation in France of pieces of silver and gold
stamped in effigy of Victor Emmanuel, that we
serve also as an outlet to her money. First, we
are the country with which she has the most
commercial relations, and as the balance of com-
merce, is rarely favorable to her, she has remit-
tances to make to us in cash, to settle the dif-
ference between her importations and exporta-
tions.
More than this, she is our debtor for heavy
debts that she his contracted in France. It is
still in cash that every six months she must
pay these arrearagesher money reaehesus thus
through two channelsfirst, by way of commer-
cial exchange, then by the settlement of her
foreign debt, and as since the Convention of
1865, she has the same money device, in gold as
well as in silver, this money comes directly to
us without any transformation, and enters into
our own circulation. The proof that the influx
of Italian money is indeed the result of the sit-
uation in which Italy is placed by a recourse to
forced currency or paper currency, is that we
have the Bame treaty with Belgium, Switzerland,
Greece, and that notwithstanding the money of
those countries does not reach us. We only find
it occasionally figuring in our circulation, as
ours does with them. We cannot decide as
easily the influence of paper currency on
what concerns the immigration of Russian and
Austrian money, or of the American dollar, be-
cause their coinage not being identical with our
own, they cannot come to us, until they have
submitted to transformation, in form of ingots;
but this influence does not the less exist, and
proof of it may be found in the difference be-
tween the importation and exportation of the
precious metals in France. For two years this
difference settles itself by 1,312,000,000 in favor
of importation. During the first three months of
the current year, the balance in favor of impor-
tation is already 195,000,000, and that notwith-
standing the purchases of cereals we have made
abroad, notwithstanding the outgo of precious
metals that this buying has necessitated. Other-
wise, a dearth like that which we have had
during the past jear, would have entailed an ex-
portation of specie of 300,000,000 or 400,00b, 000,
and would have lessened sensibly the treasure in
the Bank of France. This year we have bought
and paid for all the cereals which were lacking,
to us, and the treasury has not ceased -to aug-
ment. The accounts of the Custom House in-
dicate that in 1867 we have bought cereals to
the value of 375,000,000. It is not the great
development of our foreign commerce, which
has furnished us the means to pay for our
cereals without depleting the purse ; indeed, it
has rather diminished in the past year no, it
is simply the influence of paper currency. In coun-
tries where it rules, specie disappears. It goes
abroad, because it has not Us real value in circula-
tion, because it is in concurrence with a money sym-
bol, which, in replacing it, depreciates it. It goes
abroad also, because such countries are always
debtors to foreign nations, and have constant re-
mittances to make to them, but let us see how
nations are led into a forced or paper currency.
(To be Concluded in our next.)
Talk among tUe Brokers in lVall Street.
GRAND GAI.A TIMES IN WALL STREET.
A NEW AND IMPROVED METHOD OF WATERING RAIL-
ROAD STOCKS.
THE NATURAL CONSEQUENCE OF THE EXAMPLE SET
. BY THE GREAT CLIQUE LEADERS.
THE LOSSES OF THE BROKERS ENORMOUS AND LIKELY
TO REACH $5,000,000.
ALTERED CERTIFICATES ON FORT WAYNE, ROCK IS-
LAND, ERIE, NEW YORK CENTRAL, PITTSBURG,
PACIFIC MAIL AND NORTHWEST COMMON AND PRE-
FERRED.
THE CARELESS MANNER IN WHICH RAILROAD CERTI-
FICATES ARE TRANSFERRED BY THEIR AGENCIES.
THE FRAUD LIKELY TO CAUSE SEVERE LOSSES TO THE
MONEY LENDERS AND BANKS.
FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS IN REGARD TO THE
BLACK-MAILING OPERATIONS OF THE INJUNC-
TOR.
HOW INJUNCTIONS ARE PROCURED AND THE
PROBABLE IMPEACHMENT OF SOME JUDGES.
CIRCUS CLOWN FISK GONE, BAG AND BAGGAGE, INTO
THE INJUNCTION BUSINESS.HE IS ELECTED
PRESIDENT OF THE INJUNCTION BUREAU AND
MAKES HIS LAST- RAID ON THE UNION PACIFIC
ROAD.
HIS ATTEMPT TO STOP THE CONSTRUCTION OF THIS
GREAT NATIONAL ENTERPRISE.
HE THINKS IT A RICH GOOSE TO PLUCK, AND SAYS
IT WILL PROBABLY PAY BETTER THAN r.ttTE AND
ROOK ISLAND.
THE CIRCUS CLOWN EXPECTS TO DAMAGE THE COM-
PANYS CREDIT AND TO BE BOUGHT OFF, AS HE
WAS IN ERIE AND BOCK ISLAND.
THE CIRCUS CLOWN LIKELY TO LAND ON HIS TTRAn
INSTEAD OF HIS HEELS IN THIS PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD MATTER, AND TO SING DOUBLE ON THE
HUDSON FREE OF EXPENSE.
SWEET WILLIAM DESIRES TO RAISE THE WIND
BY SOME PROCESS OR OTHERCHIPS, BOYS! IN
THE NAME OF THE PROPHET, CHIPS!
PROFESSOR REA, THE HEAD OF THE SWINDLING
FACULTY, PROBABLY KNOWS SOMETHING ABOUT
THE' FORGERY BUSINESS AND WATERING
RAILROAD STOCKS.
DEAD WHITE TAKES IN .THE STREET HAND-
SOMELY AND THEN LEAVES FOE ANOTHER AND
A BETTER LAND.
SMALL CERTIFICATE HOYT TRIES TO GET TO-
HEAVEN WITH DEAD WHITE, BUT MISSES THE
TRAIN, THE DOUBLE EAGLES HE CARRIED WERE
SO HEAVY THAT THEY MADE HIM LATE.
RICH AND RACY DEVELOPMENTS.
THE RASCALITIES OF WALL STREET AND THEIR RE-
SPECTABLE PERPETRATORS. .
THE APATHY OF THE .STOCK BOARDS PERFECTLY RE-
MARKABLE, BUT PROBABLY THE OLD FOGIES
OF THE STOCK EXCHANCE WILL BE AWAKENED
BEFORE LONG.
INJUNCTIONS, FORGERIES, BLACK MAIL,
AND STOCK WATERING FAST KILLING THE
STOCK BUSINESS.
ALL THE SHARP MEN IN WALL STREET STUCK WITH
ERIE. FIFTEEN HUNDRED SHARES OF ALTERED
CERTIFICATES DISCOVERED ALREADY.SMATJ.
LONDON CERTIFICATES ALTERED.
A PANIC IN ERIE AMONG MONEY LENDERS AND
LARGE HOLDERS.
lord Cornwalliss settlement of the erie
FIGHT IN THE DAILY SQUIBA DEAD BEAT LIKE
HIS READING INVESTORS.
LORD CORNWALLIS A CONFIDING VICTIM, AND MUCH
DECEIVED INNOCENT BY HIS FRIENDS JIM FISK,
SMITH MARTIN, WOODWARD, GOULD AND OTHERS
OF A RELIGIOUS TURN.
WOODWARDS PALATIAL MANSION IN CLINTON
AVENUE, BROOKLYN.GREAT PRAYER MEETING
TO TURN THE LUCK IN THE READING CORNER.
THE SISTERS TAKE A FLIER INTO THE COAL RE-
GIONS.
The talk among the brokers is about the patent new
mode of watering stocks, invented by Mr. White and his
friend Hoyt, by which they altered certificates one- and
five shares into hundreds. The talk is
.WHO HAS BEEN STUCK? THE AMERICAN REIN-
DEER
has suffered to a big figure, nearly a quarter of a mil-
lion ; and that other brokers* firms have lost heavily by
these frauds, but that they keep the matter very quiet
for the sake of their credit. The talk is that the
MONEY LENDERS AND BANK MEN ARE SCARED
by this new kind of fraud, and that one of the sharpest
of them said that he felt now just as he did at the time
of the
SCHUYLER FRAUDS ;
that the Ketchum forgeries were nothing to these j that
nobody knew when he was safe in his collaterals, and
that in his opinion it .will be found out, by and by, that
some
BIG WALL STREET NAMES
are at the bottom of this thing, and that White and
Hoyt were merely their tools. The talk is that the
demoralization of wall street
is reaching a climax; that what with watering stocks by
the companies, and what with
JUDGES OF THE SUPREME
and other courts being used as
STOCKJOBBING TOOLS
for granting injunctions and receiverships, that nobody
oould tell where he stood or where he was likely to he


landed if he touched stocks at all. The talk is that When
judges of the Supreme and other courts and
LEADING LAWYERS TAKE THE FIELD,
and go into the blackmailing business, what is to be ex-
pected from men of lesser note ? The talk is that
DAVID DUDLEY FIELD
has made about a quarter of a million out of the
ERIE FIGHT AND INJUNCTIONS
and other similar operations, and that
FISK AND B. 'S
is the headquarters for this kind of work. The talk is
that
JIM FISK, THE CIRCUS* DANCER,
says he is going to
BLACKMAIL THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COM-
PANY
to the tune of half a millicn; but others say that the
circus dancer has made affidavits to
FACTS THAT *AINT JUST SO,
and that if the directors of the Union Pacific Company,
choose to push the matter before the grand jury, that
FREE LODGINGS ON THE HUDSON
up the river may be the destination of the
CIRCUS CLOWN.
The talk is that the
GREAT NATIONAL ENTERPRISE
of the Union Pacific Railroad is not going to be stopped
by Jim Fisk the circus clown, though he is backed up by
FIRST CLASS LAWYERS IN THE FIELD, AND
COMPLAISANT JUDGES,
that Dr. Durant is too sharp and go-ahead fbr all of
them together ; that he knows how to fight both in and
out of court, and that with
JOHN J. CISCO
as Treasurer, the credit of the company
STANDS AS HIGH AS GOVERNMENT
bonds, and that they have all the time more money than
they can use. The talk is that this attempt to stop the
building of the great national highway from
NEW YORK TO SAN FRANCISCO i
O |
by injunctions, for
BLACKMAILING PURPOSES, IS A DISGRACE TO NEW|
YORK CITY, i
7 i
and that all the parties concerned ought to be j
KICKED OUT OF DECENT SOCIETY. !
The talk is, as a facetious broker remarked, that it
would be a pretty hard matter to
KICK THE CIRCUS CLOWN
out of decent society, because ho was never in it,1' like
the first class lawyers in the * Field and judges. The
talk is where is
SWEET WILLIAM
all this time ? What is he about t What is he doing ?
where is he going to, and what is the matter ? The talk
is that
THE DEAR BOY
must be taken up by somebody, and put into some
healthy occupation
WHERE THE CHIPS
are to be had, or that the sweet youth will spoil like a
WATERY OYSTER
in July without ice. The talk is that
SWEET WILLIAM
says that his friends, the dear boys,
FISK AND B,
have not done the clean thing by him in shelling out the
fair
KNOCK DOWN OF CHIPS
in that big thing they had in
ERIE AND ROCK ISLAND.
Gracious heaven l"
SIGHED SWEET WILLIAM,
in one of his religious moods,who would have though t
that my dear and trusted
FRIEND, JIMMY,
would have handled the five-million dollars of Erie and
bagged $750,000 of it along with
GOULD AND ELDRIDGE
under the convenient name of law expenses, without
handing me some of
THE CHIPS
when he knows that I want them badly, and that my soul
longs for them like
A PARCHED PEA
in a dry and thirsty land.
The talk is that
PROFESSOR REA
is likely to throw a ray of light on these frauds, and
that the Professor once upon a time, owned five shares
of a certain bank stock, which some kind fairy changed
over night into fifty shares,-that
PROFESSOR REA
when questioned on the magic change of five into fifty
over night, was in a perfect fog, and could tell nothing
about it, but as the money-lender, with brutal indiffer-
ence asked of him, why their did you borrow on it as
fifty shares* when you knew it was only five ? The talk
is how does
PROFESSOR REA QUASH
all the indictments against him. Who is his friend at
court, and does
JACOB THE SHARP
..man know anything at all about it? The fe>ifc is wonder
if the
FUR MAN, MOSES! ON FIFTH AVENUE,
has promised to tickle
JACOB THE SHARP
mans palm with $20,000, if he can settle one of the
scrapes he was gotten into by
PROFESSOR REA.
The talk is that the
STOCK EXCHANGE INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE
had better go round to
PROFESSOR REAS OFFICE,
and ask him whether he thinks the fairy that changed
that five into fifty in the bank stock, would be likely to
change the five shares of
FORT WAYNE
and other stocks into 100. The talk is that Professor Rea
might perhap s throw a ray of light on the real names of
DEAD, WHITE, AND SMALL CERTIFICATE
HOYT.
The talk is that
!
EVERYBODY IS STUCK WITH ERIE,
that 1,500 shares of altered certificates have already been
fount out, and that nobody knows whether the Erie he
holds is bogus or not. The talk is that the inside men
in Erie started the story in
THE DAILY SQUIB
that the Erie fight was settled in order to sell out and
stick the street, that everything is
MIXED UP IN ERIE,
and that it would not take a great deal to >
MAKE A PANIC.
The talk is that
LOBD CORNWALLIS
is the victim of designing men, and that he is honest and
means all he says, but only it aint so. The talk is
that the
WOODWARD SMITH MARTIN
clique in Heading are in a fog, that Woodward is work-
ing his church members into the
GOOD THING IN READING,
and hopes to work himself out, that there are great
doings in
CLINTON AVENUE, BROOKLYN,
among the brothers and sisters.
THE MONEY MARKET
continues easy at 4 to 5 per cent, on call, with excep-
tions at 3 per emit. Prime discounts 6 to 7 per cent.
The weekjy bank statement is not favorable. The loans
are increased $2,201,777, the deposits, $3,269,335, while
the legal tenders are decreased $3,594,397, notwithstand-
ing the specie is increased $7,280,618. The amount of
specie now held by the New York city banks is $19,285,-
348.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
July 8 July 11 Differences.
Loans, $281,945,931 $284,147,708 Inc. $2,201,777
Specie, 11,954,730 19,235,348 Ino. 7,280,618
Circulation, 34,032,466 34,068,202 Inc. 35,786
Deposits, 221,050,806 224,320,141 Inc. 8,269,335
Legal-tenders, 72,125,939 68,531,542 Dec. 3,594,397
THE GOLD MARKET
was firm and steady throughout the week. At the close
prices advanced, owing to the heavy shipments of
specie. The fluctuations in the gold market for the
week were as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Monday, 6, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Tuesday, 7, 140% 141 140% 140%
Wednesday, 8, U0% 141 140% 140%
Thursday, 9, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Friday, 10, 140% 140% 140% 140%
Saturday, 11, 141 141% 140% 141%
Monday, 13, 141% 141% 141% 141%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
continues firm, and hankers are not willing to sell under
rates that cover shipments of specie. The quotations are,
prime bankers sixty days sterling bills 110% to 110%,
and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on Paris bankers*
long 5.12%to 6.11%, and short 5.10 to 5.09%.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was dull and unsettled, owing to the excitement attend-
ant upon the Democratic Convention, which has inter-
fered with the transactions of the stock boards to a con-
siderable extent. Bock Island showed symptoms of
strength, owing to the report of a dividend to he paid
in cash should the removal of the injunction take place,
or in interest-hearing scrip should the injunction be
continued. On Thursday much uneasiness was caused
by a novelty in fraud by the alteration of certificates
irom 5 to 100 in Fort Wayne, Cleveland Pittsburg, Bock
Island, Pacific Mail, Michigan Southern, Erie, New York
Central, and Chicago and North West Common and Pre-
ferred.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 47 to 49 j Boston W. P., 15 to 16 ; Cum. Coal,
34 to 35 ; Quicksilver,-22 to 22% ; Mariposa, 4 to 5 ; do*
preferred, 9% to 10 ; Pacific Mail, 100% to 101 ; Atlantic
Mail, 25 to 30 ; W. U. Tel., 34% to 34% ; New York
Central, 134 to 131% ; Erie, 69 to 69% j do. preferred,
74% to 75% ; Hudson River, 137% to 139% j Reading >
94% to 94% ; Wabash, 48% to 48% ; Mil. & St. P., 67%
to 67% j dp. preferred, 79% to 79% ; Fort Wayne, 107%
to 108 ; Ohio & Miss., 29% to 29% ; Mich. Cen., 116
to 117% ; Mich. South, 91% to 91% ; 111. Central, 158%
to 159% ; Pittsburg, 86% to 86 ; Toledo, 103 to 103%
Rock Island, 107% to 108; North Western, 79% to 79% ;
do. preferred, 81% to 81%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were dull hut steady throughout the week.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881, 113% to 113% ; Coupon, 1881 113% to
113% j Reg. 5-20, 1862, 109% to 100% ; Coupon, 5-20,
1862, 113% to 113% ; Coupon, 5-20,1864, 110% to 110% ;
Coupon, 5-20, 1865, 111% to 111%; Coupon, 5-20, 1865 ,
Jan. and July, 108% to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1867, 108%
to 109 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 108% to 109 ; Reg. 10-40,
107% to 107% ; Coupon, 10-40, 107% to 107% ; June
7-30,108% to 109 ; July, 7-30,108% to 109 ; August Com-
pounds, 1865,118% ; September Compounds, 1865,118 ;
October Compounds, 1865, 117%.
the customs duties
for the week were $1,785,586 in gold against $1,645,-097
last week, $1,605,958 and $1,866,870 for the preceding
weeks. The imports of merchandise for the week were
$4,463,244 in gold against $3,850,662, $5,263,899 and $4,-
465,888 for the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive
of specie, were $2,452,598 in currency against $3,113,-
579, $2,670,477 and $2,359,561 for the preceding weeks.
The exports of specie were $3,917,891 against $3,227,-
532, $2,530,134 and $1,890,632 for the preceding weeks.


32
gnuUutifltt.
H E
REPUBLIC.
ORGAN OP THE GRAND ARMY.
AN 8-PAGE '40 COLUMN WEEKLY PAPER.
Prom now to tlie 8th of November for 50 cents, Yearly
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CAMPBELL & KARR,
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ASTERN HYGEIAN HOME,
FLORENCE HIGHTS, N. J.
July, 1868.
Special Notice.Having abundant room, very cheap
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tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
pRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y . New York,
J0INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER .WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman&t., New York.
E N'E D I C T S
TRADE TIME M&RE
WATCHES.
benedict brothers,
Up-Town, New Store,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St.
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. A1s5
Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades/$120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
691 BROADWAY.


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