The Revolution

Material Information

The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Auraria Membership

Auraria Library

Full Text
VOL. II.NO. 3.
C()f lit'Uiillltioii.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
The republicans appear to have a real Quaker
Concern over the reception of Miss Anthony
and her memorial for woman's right of suffrage,
by the recent Democratic Convention. Many
of their journals are snarly and snappish about
it as cross puppies. In her innocence, she for-
got to ask republican leave to go before the
democrats to beg a boon which, when she asked
of Congress, she was snubbed by pompous re-
publican senators, in some instances, and in
others virtually denied the sacred right of peti-
tion at all, by the manner in which the petitions
were presented ; keeping the fact that they were
from women and for women, out of sight.
Suppose, as the New York Tribune says, the
memorial of Miss Anthony was received by the
Convention with derisive cheers, and up-
roarious laughter ; it was respectfully received
by the president, and handsomely read by the
secretary ; and if the audience cheered, and
laughed at the good points made against the
republicans, that was no fault of Miss Anthony.
Her points were well made and defended. No
republican, editor or speaker, has attempted to
deny one of them. To democratic ears, they
were certainly cause for laughter. She was
treated better there than by Congress that
put the word male into the constitution; bet-
ter than she would have been at Chicago by
the republicans. The key-note of republican
policy on the subject was sounded by Wendell
Phillips in his negro s hour doctrine, and re-echoed
by Horace Greeley in his Report on Woman's
Suffrage to the New York Constitutional Con-
vention, last year, and has been acted upon in
several republican states since. Colored male
as well as womans suffrage seem likely to be
lost as a consequence, and republicans and
abolitionists must share the responsibility be-
tween them.
A New Depravity.Of what are not the
human race capable ? Paris has unrolled a new
scroll, child mistresses! A little girl of
twelve, remarkable tor musical skill and for per-
sonal beauty, is now kept by a titled debauchee
at a house in Rne dAcajou. It is published that
at a late meeting of the Paris press it was in con-
sideration to give the names of the villains to the
world who are known to indulge in such hor-
rible luxuries. But the majority thought that
the government would shield them, because
some of them are members of the Corps Degis-
latiff, and that the corrupt tribunals would con-
demn every journal bold enough to denounce
these abominations.
It is in history, that a hundred years ago,
gouty and debauched old seignieurs, were re-
commended to use warm baths of infants blood
to restore their bleached and shrunken energies,
and that the remedy was adopted. And yet the
world wonders at, and curses to this day the
Revolution which was precipitated by such
The demand of The Revolution is, equal
pay for woman for equal work, whether as tailois,
teachers, household help, or the higher callings,
as some callings are called, for some reason. If
God the Creator, be no respecter of persons,
the created need not be of honorable and useful
employments. The Western and Eastern jour-
nals are telling how liberal and progressive is
the city of Chicago on the subject of Education.
Comparatively, all may be true that is said, but
here are some figures. Chicago employs about
400 teachers ; there is a general superintendent
with a salary of $4,000; the principal of the
high school has $2,500 ; he has some 12 assist-
ants at $2,000 for the men and $1,000 for the
women *, the heads of the district schools, men,
have $2,000 salary ; the women principals and
chief assistants have $1,000, and other women
assistants $450 for the first year, $550 for the
second and $700 for the third.
The men may call this liberal; but if the
women are competent teachers, they surely are
most shabbily paid. Recently we sawin a large
Massachusetts town two schools in one spacious
building. On enquiry, we learned that the lo wer
room was taught by a man, the upper by a woman,
and that the salary of the former was nearly
double that of the latter. We asked our Mend
which taught the best school, and he said the
woman, decidedly and which had the largest
school, and his answer was again, the woman,
for we all get our children into her room who
can, because she is so much the best teacher!
Probably there is not a town in the nation that
does not furnish precisely such instances. And
fathers and brothers generally are willing to see
their daughters and sisters thus outraged from
generation to generation. We are heartily tired
of the words liberality and magnanimity, when-
ever spoken in connection with womans work
and wages. p. p.
The Springfield Republican thinks the demo-
cratic President will only bo the figure head
of the party, if elected. How much more than
that, pray, will Gan. Grant be, who confesses at
the outset that he has no policy, and no will but
the will of the people ? To mftke his mark to
the acts of Congress and take the salary is all
the nation can yet promise itself from his admin-
istration, judged by his whole civil life up the
present, hour.
Sergeant Haynes, of au Iowa cavalry regi-
ment, lately testified before the Indian Peace
Commission of the way he had seen rations
issued to the savages. He said :
The Winnebago and Santee Indians were fed as fol-
lows at the Crow Creek Agency In 1861: A large vat was
constructed of cotton-wood lumber, about six feet
square and six feet deep, in connection with the steam
saw-mill, with a pipe leading from the boiler into the vat.
Into the vat was thrown beef, beef heads, entrails of the
beeves, some beans, flour and pork. I think two bar-
rels of flour were put into the vat each time, which was
not oftener than once in twenty-four hours. This mass
w as then cooked by the steam from the boiler. B was
dipped out to the Indians with a long-handled dipper
made for the purpose. I cannot say the quantity given
to each. It was about the consistency of very thin
gruel. The Indians would pour off the thinner portion
and eat that which settled at the bottom. I was often
there when it was being issued, and it had a very
offensive odor ; it had the odor of the contents of tha
entrails of the beeves. I have seen the settlings of the
vat after they were through issuing it to the Indians,
and it smelt like carrionlike decomposed meat. Some
of the Indians refused to eat it, saying they could not,
it made them sick-that it was only fit for hogs, and
that they were not hogs. The quantity of food issued
them per day did not exceed eight ounces per head-man,
woman and child.
It is to be regretted that the Working Mens
Union do not more readily grasp the idea that
all their efforts for self-extrication and elevation
are vain, until the claims of the more oppressed
working women are recognized. Woman has
fought her way into every religious, political,
social and educational advantage she enjoys,
and must now contend for her industrial rights.
It is a scandal on the name of manhood that
such a truthmust be told in this almost two thou-
sandth year of Christian grace, and yet it is un-
deniably so.
The Worcester (Mass.) ESgis has some excel-
ent remarks on this subject, such as these :
Large numbers ol young women are now employed in
trades, and at other occupations which require industry,
application, and skill, who do not have half the pay that
men receive for similar labor. Woman's sphere is lim-
ited ; she cannot perform many kinds of labor by which
men gain subsistence and competency. But whenever
and wherever she can accomplish the same amount of
work and do it as well, she should have an equal com-
There are many kinds of work for which she is better
adapted than man, nay, which seem in the nature of
things rather-tobelODg to her, and in the performanc of
which a man seems out of place. A man behind the
counter, handling ribbons and laces isnt a sight calcu-
lated to increase our respect and admiration for the
sterner sex. There is work enough for all, and special
and peculiar work enough for either sex. And there is
no just reason why women, because they are weak
and not in the way to defend or secure their rights,
should be oppressed, and so miserably compensated for
their work, as they often are. We sometimes get
glimpses behind the scenes and learn how some of the
vast establishments of our great cities gain their enor-
mous wealth.
The dazzling curtain is lifted and reveals a back-
ground dark with misery, and filled with pitiless wrong.

34 '
The iron hand of the avaricious oppressor presses hard
on struggling want, till, too often, virtue itself is sacri-
ficed to the almost imperative necessity that a fair and
honorable compensation for labor should have averted.
It is easy for gilded opulence, riding in its carriage, to
sneer at gilded sin, walking on the sidewalk ; but the hour
is coming when that very sin is to be traced to impe-
rious and frivolous demands of the devotees of Fashion,
whose whole lives are a libel and a lie. Sin is oitener tbe
result of seeming necessity than we dream. Bemove the
temptation which takes this form, the most specious in
which it can approach, and you cleanse the world of
much of its pollution. Alleviate the misery which is the
vestibule to a life of sin ; reward honest and struggling
labor as it deserves, and the opportunity and the excuse
for much of the vice that fills our larger cities, would be
at once removed. Let woman have a fair, honorable re-
compense for her work.
That woman is naturally weak, or degraded by a con*
currenoe of circumstances is, I think, clear. But Ibis
position I shall simply contrast with a conclusion, which
I have frequently heard fall from sensible men in favor
of an aristocracy : that tbe mass oi mankind cannot be
anything, or the obsequious slaves, who patiently allow
themselves to be penned up, would feel their own con*
sequence and spurn their chains. *Men, they further
observe, submit everywhere to oppression, when tbeys
have only to lift up their beads to throw off the yoke;
yet, instead of asserting their birthright, they quietly
llok the dust, and say, let us eat and drink, for to mor-
row we die. Women. I argue from analogy, are degraded
by the same propensity to enjoy the present moment;
and, at last, despise the freedom which they have not
sufficient virtue to struggle to attain. But I must be
more explioit.
With respect to the culture of the heart, it is unani-
mously allowed that sex is out of the question ; but the
line of subordination in the mental powers is never to be
passed over. Only absolute in loveliness, the por-
tion of rationality granted to woman is, indeed, very
scanty; for, denying her genius and judgment, it is
scarcely possible to divine what remains to characterize
The stamina of immortality, if I may be allowed the
phrase, is the perfectibility of human reason ; for, was
man created perfect, or did a flood of knowledge break
in upon him, when he arrived at maturity, that pre'
eluded error, I should doubt whether his existence
would be continued after the dissolution of the body.
But in the present state of things, every difficulty in
morals, that escapes from human discussion, and equally
baffles tbe investigation of profound thinking, and the
lightning glance of genius, is an argument on which I
build my belief of the immortality of the soul. Reason
is, consequentially, the simple power of improvement; or,
more properly speaking, of discerning the truth. Every
individual is in this respect a world in itself. More er
less may be conspicuous in one being than another ;
but the nature of reason must be tbe same in all, if it be
an emanation of divinity, the tie that connects the crea-
ture with the Creator; for, can that soul be stamped
with the heavenly image that is not perfected by the ex-
ercise of its own reason ? Yet outwardly ornamented
with elaborate care, and so adorned to delight man,
that with honor he may love,* the soul of woman is
not allowed to have this distinction, and man, ever
placed between her and reason, she is always represented
as only created to see through a gross medium, and to
take things on trust. But, dismissing tpese fanciful
theories, and considering woman as a whole, let it be
what it will, instead of a part ot man, the inquiry is,
whether she has reason or not. If she has, which, for a
moment, I will take for granted, she was not created
merely to be the solace of man, and the sexual should
not destroy the human character.
Into this error men have, probably, been led by view-
ing education in a false light; not considering it as the
first stop to form a being advancing gradually toward
perfection ;t but only as a preparation for life. On this
* Vide Milton.
t This word is not strictly just, but I cannot find a

sensual error, for I must call it so, has the false system
of female manners been reared, which robs the whole
sex of its dignity, and classes the brown and fair with
the smiling flowers that only adorn the land. This has
ever been the language of men, and the fear of depart-
ing from a supposed sexual character, has made even
women of superior sense adopt the same sentiments,
Thus understanding, strictly speaking, has been denied
to woman ; and instinct, sublimated into wit and cun-
ning, for the purposes oi life, has been substituted in its
The power of generalizing ideas, of drawing compre-
hensive conclusions from individual observations, is the
only acquirement for an immortal being that really de-
serves the name of knowledge. Merely to observe,
without endeavoring to account for anything, may (in a
very incomplete manner) serve as the common sense of
life ; but where is tbe store laid up that is to clothe the
soul when it leaves the body ?
This power has not ouly been denied to women, but
writers have insisted that it is inconsistent with a few
exceptions, with their sexual character. Let men prove
this, and I shall grant that woman only exists for man.
I must, however, previously remark, that the power of
generalizing ideas, to any great extent, is not very com-
mon amongst men or women. But this exercise is the
true cultivation oi the understanding; and everything
conspires to render the cultivation of the understanding
more difficult in the female than the male world. *
I am naturally led by this assertion to the main sub-
ject of the present chapter, and shall now attempt
to point out some of the causes that degrade the sex>
and prevent women from generalizing their observa-
I shall not go back to the remote annals of antiquity
to trace tbe bistory of woman ; it is sufficient to allow,
that she has always been either a slave or a despot, and
to remark, that each of these situations equally retards
toe progress of reason. The grand source of female
folly and vice has ever appeared to me to arise from nar-
rowness of mind ; and toe very constitution of civil gov-
ernments has put almost insuperable obstacles in the
way to prevent toe cultivation of toe female understand-
ing ; yet virtue can be built on no other foundation 1
The same obstacles are thrown in toe way of toe rich,
and toe same consequences ensue.
Necessity has been proverbially termed too mother of
invention; toe aphorism may be extended-to virtue. It
is an acquirement, and an acquirement to which pleasure
must be sacrificed ; and who sacrifices pleasure wjien it
is within the grasp* whose mind has not been opened
and strengthened by adversity, or toe pursuit of know-
ledge goaded on by necessity ? Happy is it when people
have the cares of life to struggle with ; tor these strug-
gles prevent their becoming a prey to enervating vices,
merely from idleness 1 But, if from their birth men and
women are placed in a torrid zone, with' the meridian
sun of pleasure darting directly upon them, how can
they sufficiently brace their minds to discharge the du-
ties of life, or even to relish the affections that carry
them out of themselves?
Pleasure is the business of a woman's life, according
to the present modification of sooiety, and while it con-
tinues to be so, little can be expected from such weak
beings. Inheriting, in a lineal descent from the first fair
defect in nature, the sovereignty of beauty, they have,
to maintain their power, resigned their natural rights,
which the exercise of reason might have procured them,
and chosen rather to be short-lived queens than labor to
attain the sober pleasures that arise from equality. Ex-
alted by their ioferiority (this sounds like a contradic-
tion) they constantly demand homage as women, though
experience should teach them that the men who pride
themselves upon paying this arbitrary, insolent respect
to the sex, with the most scrupulous exactness, are most
inclined to tyrannize over, and despise the very weak-
ness they cherish. Often do they repeat Mr. Humes
sentiments, when comparing toe French and Athenian
character, he alludes to women. But what is more
singular in this whimsical nation, say I to the Athenians,
is, that a frolic of yours during the Saturnalia, when toe
slaves are served by their masters, is seriously continued
by them through tbe whole year, and through toe whole
course of their lives ; accompanied too with some cir-
cumstances which still further augment the absurdity
and ridicule. Your sport only elevates for a lew days
those whom fortune has thrown down, and whom she
too, in sport, may really elevate for ever above you. But
this nation gravely exalts those whom nature has sub-
jected to them and whose inferiority and infirmities are
absolutely incurable. The women, though without vir-
tue, are their masters and sovereigns.
Ah I why do women, 1 write with affectionate solici-
tude, condescend to receive a degree of attention and
respect from strangers, different from that reciprocation
of civility which the dictates of humanity and toe polite-
ness of civilization authorize between man and man?
And why do they not discover, when in the noon of
beautys power that they are treated like queens only
to be deluded by hollow respect, till they are led to re-
sign, or not assume, their natural prerogatives ? Con-
fined then in cages, like the feathered race, they havo
nothing to do bin to plume themselves, and stalk with
mock-majesty from perch to perch. It is true, they aro
provided with food and raiment, for which they neither
toil nor spin; but health, liberty, and virtue are givon
in exebange. But, .where, amongst mankind has been
found sufficient strength of mind to enable a being to re-
sign these adventitious prerogatives; one who, rising
with the calm dignity of reason above opinion, dared to
be proud of toe privileges inherent in man ? and it is
vain to expect it whilst hereditary power chokes toe af-
fections, and mps reason in toe bud.
Tbe passions of men have* tons placed women on
thrones; and, till mankind become more reasonable, it
is to be feared that women will avail themselves ot tbe
power which they attain with the least exertion, and
which is the most indisputable. They will smile, yes,
they will smile, though told that
In beauty's empire is no mean,
And woman either slave or queen,
Is quickly scorn'd when not adord.
But toe adoration comes first, and toe scorn is not anti-
Louis the XIYto, in particular, spread factitious man-
ners, and caught, in a specious way, toe whole nation in
his toils ; for establishing an artful chain of despotism,
he made it toe interest of the people at large indivi-
dually to respect his station and support his power.
And women, whom he flattered by a puerile attention to
the whole sex, obtained in bis reign that princedike dis-
tinction so fatal to reason and virtue.
A king is always a king, and a woman always a woman :*
his authority and her sex ever stand between them and
rational converse. With a lover, I grant she should be
so, and her sensibility will naturally lead her to endeavor
to excite emotion, not to gratify her vanity but her
heart. This I do not allow to be coquetry, it is toe art-
less impulse of nature, I only exclaim against the sexual
desire of conquest, when toe heart is out of the ques-
This desire is not confined to women; I have en-
deavored, says Lord Chesterfield, to gain the hearts
of twenty women, whose persons I would not have
given a fig for. The libertine who, in a gust of passion,
takes advantage of unsuspecting tenderness, is a saint
when compared with this cold-hearted rascal; for I like
to use significant words. Yet only taqght to please,
women are always on the watch to please, and with true
heroic ardor endeavor to gain hearts merely to resign, or
spurn them, when the victory is decided and con-
I must descend to the minutiae of the subject.
I lament that women are systematically degraded bj
receiving trivial attentions which men think it manly to
pay the sex, when, in fact, they are insultingly support-
ing their own superiority. It is not condescension to
bow to an inferior. So ludicrous, in fact, do these cere-
monies appear to me, that I scarcely am able to govern
my muscles when I see a man start with eager and
serious solicitude to lift a handkerchief, or shut a door,
when the lady could have done it herself had she only
moved a pace or two.
A wild wish has just flown from my heart to my head,
and I will not stifle it though it may excite a horselaugh.
I do earnestly wish to see the distinction of sex con-
founded in society, unless where love animates the be-
haviour. For this distinction is, I am firmly persuaded,
the foundation of the weakness of character ascribed to
woman; is the cause why the understanding is neglected,
whilst accomplishments are acquired with sedulous
care : and the same cause accounts for their preferring
the graceful before tho heroic virtues.
Mankind, including every description, wish to be
loved and respeoted for something; and the common
herd will always take the nearest road to the completion
of their wishes. The respect paid to wealth and beauty
is the most certain and unequivocal; and of course, Will
always attract toe vulgar eye of common minds. Abili-
ties and virtues are absolutely necessary to raise men
from toe middle rank of life into notice; and toe natural
consequence is notorious, the middle rank contains most
virtue and abilities. Men bave thus, in one station, at
least, an opportunity of exerting themselves with dig -
* And a wit always a wit. mightbe added; for toe vain
fooleries of wits and beauties to obtain -attention and
make conquests, are much upon a par.

gtfMttttitftt. -* 35
nity, and of rising by the exertions which really im-
prove a rational creature; but the whole female sex are,
till their character is formed, in the ame condition as
the rich : for they are bora, I now speak of a state of
civilization, with certain sexual privileges, and whilst
they are gratuitously granted them, few will ever think
of works of supererogation, to obtain the esteem of a
small number of superior people.
When do we hear of women, who are starting out of
obscurity, boldly claim respect on account of their great
abilities or daring virtues ? Where are they to be found ?
To be observed, to be attended to, to be taken notice of
with sympathy, ^complaconcy, and approbation, are all
the advantages which they seek. True I my male
readers will probably exclaim ; but let them, before they
draw any conclusions, recollect, that this was not writ-
ten originally as descriptive of women, but of the rich.
In Dr. Smiths Theory of Moral Sentiments, I Jave
found a general character of people of rank and for-
tune, that in my opinion, might with the greatest pro-
priety be applied to the female sex. I refer the sagacious
reader to the whole comparison ; but must be allowed to
quote a passage to enforce an argument that I mean to
insist on, as the one most conclusive against a sexual
character. For if, excepting warriors, no great men of
any denomination.have ever appeared amongst the no-
bility, may it not be fairly inferred that their local situa-
tion swallowed up the man, and produced a character
similar to that of women, who are locilized, if I may be
allowed the word, by the rank they are placed in, by
courtesy ? Women commonly called Ladies, are not to
be contradicted in company, are not allowed to exert any
manual strength ; and from them negative virtues only
are expected, when any virtues are expected, patience,
docility, good-humor, and flexihility; virtues incompati-
ble with any vigorous exertion of intellect. Besides, by
living more with each other, and to being seldom abso-
lutely alone, they are more under the influence of senti-
ments than passions. Solitude and reflection are neces-
sary to give to wishes the force of passions, and enable
the imagination to enlarge the object and make it the
most desirable. The same .may be said of the rich ;
they do not sufficiently deal in general ideas, collected
by impassionate thinking, or calm investigation, to ac-
quire that strength of character on which great resolves
are built. But hear what an acute observer says of the
Do the great seem insensible of the easy price at
which they may acquire the public admiration ? or do
they seem to imagine, that to them, as to other men, it
must be the purchase either of sweat or blood? By
what important accomplishments is the young nobleman
instructed to support the dignity of his rank, and to
render himsell worthy of that superiority over his fel-
low-citizens, to which the virtue of his ancestors had
raised them ? Is it by knowledge, by industry, by pa-
tience, by self-denial, or by virtue of any kind ? As all
bis words, as all his motions are attended to, he learns
an habitual regard for every circumstance of ordinary
behavior, and studies to perform all those small duties
with the most exact propriety. As he is conscious how
much he is observed, mid how much mankind are dis-
posed to favor all his inclinations, be acts, upon the
mo9t indifferent occasions, with that freodom and eleva-
tion which the thought of this naturally inspires. His
air, his manner, his deportment, all mark that elegant
and graceful sense of his own superiority, which those
who are bora to an inferior station can hardly ever ar-
rive at. These are the arts by which he proposes to make
mankind more easily submit to his authority, and to
govern their inclinations according to his own pleasure:
and in this he is seldom disappointed. These arts, sup-
ported by rank and pre-eminence, are, upon ordinary
occasions, sufficient to govern the world. Louis XIV.,
during the greater part of his reign, was regarded, not
only in France, but over all Europe, as the most perfect
model of a great prince. But what were the talents and
virtues by which he acquired this great reputation?
Was it by the scrupulous and inflexible justice of all his
undertakings, by the immense dangers and difficulties
with which they were attended, or by the unwearied and
unrelenting application with which he pursued them?
Was it by his extensive knowledge, by his exqnsite judg-
ment, or by his heroic valor ? It was by none of these
qualities. But he was, first of a", the most powerful
prince in Europe, and consequently held the higestrank
among kings ; and then, says bis historian, he sur-
passed all his courtiers in the gracefulness of his-shape,
and the majestic beauty of his features. The Bound of
his voice, noble and affecting, gained those hearts which
his presence intimidated. He had a step and a deport-
ment which could suit only him and his rank and
which would have beon ridiculous in any other person.
The embarrassment which he occasioned to those who
spoke to him flattered that secret satisfaction with
which he felt his own superiority. These frivolous ac-
complishments, supported by his rank, and, no doubt,
too, by a degree of other talents and virtues, which
seem, however, not to have been much above medio-
crity, established this prince in the esteem of bis own
age, and have drawn even from posterity a good deal of
respect for his memory. Compared with these, in his
own times, and-in his own presence, no other virtue, it
seems, appeared to have any merit. Knowledge, indus-
try, valor, and beneficence, trembling, were abashed,
and lost all dignity before them.
Woman, also, thus in herself complete, by pos-
sessing all these frivolous accomplishments, so changes
the nature of things,
----- That what she wills to do or say
Seems wisest, virtuousest, discrectest, best:
All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Degraded. Wisdom in discourse with her
Loses discountenanced, and like folly shows;
Authority and reason on her wait.
And all this is built on her loveliness!
(To be Continued.)
From the Abbeville (South Carolina) Press.
We have received The Revolution, a new paper,
the 18th number, edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and
Parker Ptilsbnry ; Susan B. Anthony, Proprietor ; 18
pages, quarto form, $2 per annum, New York. The
paper is edited with ability, and though devoted especi-
ally to the advocacy of womans rights, contains much
which would interest a general reader.
The notices of the southern press are very re-
spectful, and our circulation is extending rap-
idly in the south and west. The following com-
plimentary notice was sent us without telling
whence it came :
The Revolution.This journal is the only true,
live, and efficient exponent of this progressive age. Its
platform of principles is deeper and broader than any
existing party organization dare adopt. It is founded on
truth and justice to all. It demands universal suffrage,
first to intelligent white women, and then to ignorant
black men. No one can read this journal without feel-
ing that there is truth in its claims. Mrs. Stanton and
Mr. Pillsbury, editors, Miss Anthony, proprietor. We
had prepared copious extracts from some of Mrs. Stan-
tons sharp points, but for want of room they must
lie over. Weekly, $2 per annum.
From tile Warrick (Ind.) Herald.
Thbeatened Revolution.We have received a recent
number of Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stantons weeklynot
weaklypaper, published in New York, called The
Revolution. Aunt Lizzieis not ademocrat, neither is
she a republican, but she is strictly a- Womans
Righter, in the broadest sense, and no doubt expects
to build up a great party on the ruins of both the for-
mer. She can't do it- Woman suffrage is an absurdity
and an evil which, thanks to the common sense of both
the thinking men and women of the country, will never
become practical. Aunt Lizzie is a great scotd. Her
treatment of political parties reminds us of some mothers
who go tearing and flying about the house frowning and
fretting, first cuffing John and then Tom, now storming
at Bets and then railing at Kate. Nevertheless, Aunt
Lizzie pitches violently into some things that need vio-
lently pitching into. The practice of paying a woman
only about one-fourth as much for a piece of work as a
man, when she does it as well, is a burning shame and
disgrace upon the men of this country. And the prac-
tice of excluding her from positions, on account of her
sex, which she could fill as well as men, is an outrage
that should no longer be tolerated. But to invite her,
with all her innocence, affection and virtue, to enter the
dirty pool of politics is an insult to her better nature.
Political matters have been marked by fraud, cunning,
dishonesty and hypocrisy ever since the world began to
be governed by men down to the present time, and
countries that have been ruled by women form no ex-
ception to the rule. There is no practical remedy for it,
not even Woman Suffrage. We must simply make
choice of evils.
However, send $2.00 and get The Revolution. It
is well worth the money, notwithstanding its heresies.
It is due to our belter-half to say that this notice of
The Revolution meets her approbation.
Here is a perfect illustration of the benefit to
the public of the united opinion of man and wo-
man ; and no doubt if Warrick had not consulted
his wife his notice of us would either have been
too complimentary or too denunciatory, leaving
us in the one case puffed up with pride, and in
the other sorrowing in the valley of humiliation.
But now, as the result of this consultation, we
have our due mead of praise, with a most un-
lovely family scene for a dark hack-ground. It
is evident that Warrick does not know that we
belong to the Peace Society, and that we never
interfere with John or Tom, except when John
infringes on the rights of Tom, knowing that all
just governments were formed to protect the
weak against the strong. We never rail, or
storm, or cuff, or frown, or fret, knowing
that the domestic machinery runs more smooth-
ly with the oil of patience and persuasion than
with any of those violent manifestations. Wo-
mans Suffrage an absurdity! Why, Warrick,
you must have been taking a Rip Van Winkle
nap! Do you not know what is going on in
England, that it has been decided that all rate-
payers, male and female, have a right to vote ?
Do you not know that women have already
voted in our own green landin Kansas, in
Sturgis, Mich., in Schenectady, N. Y., and in
Passaic, N. J. It is a practical thing to-day.
Do you suppose, Warrick, that the moral world
is to stand still fiom this time forwardthat you
look for no reform in our political affairs ? We
have been slowly improving through all the
long past, and we shall go on to the perfect day
when fraud, cunning, dishonesty and hy-
pocrisy shall be no more; when our religion
shall not be simply a matter of faith, but our
life, our political and domestic economy.
From the North Vernon (Ind.) Plain Dealer.
The Revolution.Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the
great heroine of Womens Rights, has placed a copy
of her paper (The Revolution) on our table. E.
Cady Stanton clamors like the democracy did for tree
speech, while advocating secession and the overthrow
of the Constitution. E. Cady Stanton is in earnest, and
refuses to be comforted until she is made President, and
has the privilege of running the government with
female locomotion. From thetODe of her emphatic
productions, we should judge that ladies who want a
post office had better apply soon.
We refuse to be comforted until we are
crowned with all the rights, privileges and im-
munities of a citizen of the Republic. No,
dear ladies, de not wait until we are President
to apply for office, do that now. Take pos-
session of all the fat offices you can get. Any-
thing is better than sewing and teaching school
for half pay.
From the DeKalb (Ind.) Democrat.
The Revolution.We have received a copy of a
Womans Rights paper having the above title. It is
a lively paper, and comes out strongly against compell
mg women and girls performing mens work for chil-
drens pay. But wbat we consider the most objection-
able part of all is, it favors the suffrage of women and
negroes. This we cannot, and will not endorse, as it is
not in accordance with our political sentiments: The
number before us contains a variety of oth^r matter,
aside from negro suffrage. Although we do not exactly
agree with the conclusions arrived at by the lady reason -
ers, yet we wish The Revolution success among
their lady Mends who entertain like opinions.
How is this, Mr. Democrat? We thought
you believed with Jefferson that all men are
created equal. Webster tells us a democrat
is one who adheres to a government by the
people, or favors the extension of the right of
suffrage to all classes of men (and women)!!!
From the N. H. (London Ridge) Household Messenger.'
The Revolution.This new weekly advocates
Womans Rights with great vigor and ability, under
I the editorial charge of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and
Parker Pillsbury. It talks right out on subjects hitherto

tabooed by the periodical press, outting right and left
through anything in political r social life that it con-
siders error. Saving its spirit of disorganizing present
parties before the world is ready tor better ones, we cor*
dially recommend it to all readers. It is published at
New York for $2.00 a year.
From the Hancock (Ohio) Courier.
" The Revolution."'We have received a copy of the
above paper, and can heartily say that we like it for its
course, and its lashings of the time-serving policy of the
radical leaders. It is edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton
and Parker Pillsbury, and advocates "Womans Rights"
in all things moral and virtuous ; a right to discuss the
affairs of the nation, and a voice in controlling the same.
It is sharp, piquant, argumentative and just in setting
forth the right of intelligent women to the ballot before
ignorant negroes. It seeks to educate women in a man-
ner to make them independent and truthful in them-
selves. Success to "TheRevolution.
No, not exactly. We are willing to go into
the kingdom with negroes ; but we say, no
more men at the ballot-box until we too are ad-
mitted. We have too much of the male ele-
ment in government already, too much in our
laws and constitutions.
From the Voice of the West.
" The Revolution."It is conducted with spirit and
ability, and makes a brave fight for women. We trust
that all Woman's Rights" in this world will be ac-
corded herand she will have none too many if she
enjoys them alland we believe she has a right to what-
ever will make her better, happier, or more useful here,
or will aid her in securing a right to eternal life here-
Well, here it is clearly implied that women
have souls, and will live hereafter. This shows
progress, for there was a time when this was
doubted. A Chinese once asked a missionary
why he preached the gospel to women.*
Why, to save their souls, was the reply.
Souls! women have no souls, said he. Oh!
yes, said the missionary, and tried to con-
vince him of the fact. When the Chinaman saw
that the missionary really believed such an ab-
surdity, he laughed immoderately, peal after
peal. At last, after taking breath, he said,
Well, I must run home and tell my wife she
has got a soul, that we may sit down and laugh
together. Now, let all our male readers run
home and tell their wives they have a right to
the ballot, and sit down and laugh together.
House of Representatives, i
Washington, June 30,1868. }
EniTons Revolution : I enclose an article from
the New York Sun, which seems to come within the
range of discussion to which The Revolution is de-
I send it for your consideration, that your readers
may have the benefit of a reply. I have always been in
favor of opening up new employments to women, and
the main question I suppose is, how far this is prac-
' ticable and desirable.
Respectfully, etc., Wm. Lawrence.
Why Women no not Succeed.That clever and
kindly Old Bachelor, who discusses social questions with
Such genial wisdom in the pages of Harpers Bazar,
tells the following story to illustrate the reason why wo-
men do not usually prosper so well as men in some of
the professions for which they would seem to be quite
as well adapted:
It seemed to me that women might especially succeed
as wood engravers, so I went to one of the most ex-
perienced and successful engravers in the city and con-
sulted with him.
"Don't you see ihe difficulty? he asked, with great
kindness and interest.
"No I said I, you must instruct me."
"Well," answered he, I have employed women here
very often, and I wish I could feel more encouraged,
but the truth is, that when a young man comes to me
and begins his work he feels that it is lifes business,
he has cut his future out of the little blocks before him.
^7ife, family, home, happiness, are all to be carved by
his hand, and he settles steadily and earnestly to his
labor, determined to master it, and with every incite-
ment spurring him on. He cannot marry until he
knows his trade. It is exactly the other way with the
girl. She maybe as poor as the youth, and as wholly
dependent upon her labor for her living. But she^feels
that she will probably be married by-and-by, and then
she must give up wood engraving. So she goes on list-
lessly j she has no ambition to excel; she does not feel
that her happiness depends upon it. She will marry,
and then her husbands wages will support her. She
maynotsay so," said the engraver, "but she thinks so
and it spoils her work."
The same is true with regard to many employments in,
which women have been engaged. We know that as
clerks at Washington they are far less useful than man.
Their habits of work are much less accurate, and they
do not give their minds to their duties with the same
conscientiousness and fidelity. The reason is the same
as that given by our Old Bachelor. They do not feel that
these duties are the business of their life, and that their
whole success or failure depends upon the manner in
which they are performed. Whatever they do, love,
matrimony, and the care of a house of their own, are
always at the bottom of their thoughts.N. 7, Sun.
That is exactly what we propose to remedy.
By educating every girl to the virtue and dig-
nity of self-support, she will concentrate her
forces and talents on some trade or profession.
What Rosa Bonheur, Harriet Hosmer, Anna
Dickinson, and Maria Mitchell have done, in
spite of conventionalisms, in the face of public
sentiment, many more women will do when
everything is done for their encouragement in
these directions. It is cruel to educate girls to
depend on men for support, when the majority
sooner or later in life are thrown on themselves.
If every woman was sure of a strong right arm
on which to lean until she was safe the other
side of Jordan that would do, but such is not
the case. The whole question is this: Inas-
much as the majority of women support them-
selves, shall they be educated to that end;
shall they enter the profitable employments and
be fairly paid for their work ?
Chicago, June 10 th, 1868.
Editors Revolution": I observe in your excellent
paper of the 4th inst. an article entitled Judge Gaiy of
Illinois," which does that learned, hnmane and benevo-
lent gentleman great injustice. It asserts that he has
decided that "wife-whipping is no ground for divorce."
This is a mistake. Judge Gary is the Chief-Justice of the
Superior Court of Chicago, and as such has nothing to do
with Chancery Causes. Judge Jamison, one of the asso-
ciate justices of said court, is the Chancellor, and tries all
Chancery suits. Hence, if any decision has been made
in that court in reference to wife-whipping," etc., it
must have been by Judge Jamison. I have the statement
of Judge Gary himself, that he never made any such-de-
cison. Our statute provides, that Extreme and re-
peated cruelty," shall be just cause for divorce. Judges
do not make the laws ; they are sworn to administer
them as they find them in the statute, and under our
statute, if a man should strike his wile once with a whip
in a fit of passion, it would not be a cause for divorce,
and a just judge would be bound so to decide. The
cruelty must be repealed. There are cases, doubtless,
where the husband, in the main and almost without ex-
ception, has all his life been kind and tender to bis
wifeand yet, under some aggravating influences, in
the heat of passion, in an unguarded moment, may have
struck her. Such au act is criminal and cowardly, with-
out just excuse, and yet, who shall say that it would be
wise in the Legislature to make that a cause for divorce?
I can assure your readers that any woman who is a party
litigant in Judge Gary's court will have all her rights
carefully protected by that upright judge. I am happy
to be able to state farther that the laws of Illinois as
amply, as fully protect woman in her rights, as those of
any other state in the Union. Yours, etc., n. n. n.
We are happy to have this explanation vf
Judge Gary, but inasmuch as every man has a
voice in the laws, we hold all white males re-
sponsible for the infamous laws on marriage
and divorce that disgrace the statute books of
nearly every state in the Union. What we ask
is, that all these laws shall bear equally on man
| and woman. The wisest possible reform we |
could have on this whole question, is to have no
legislation whatever. The relations of the sexes
are too delicate in their nature for statutes,
lawyers, judges, jurors, or our public journals
to take cognizance of, or regulate. There is
something monstrous and degrading to both
man and woman, for-two persons to live together
as husband and wife, where there is so much an-
tagonism as to admit of violence on any occasion
whatever. So long as husbands and wives live
in constant discord, friction and disgust, as the
legitimate fruits of such unions, the race will be
cursed with the blind, the maimed, the halt,
with idiots, lunatics and criminals, with vice,
ignorance and degradation. The shortest way
to reform and elevate the race, is by recreation.
Nasoiier non jit. The family, that great conser-
vator of national strength and morals, how can
you build it up but in the virtue and independ-
ence of both man and woman ?
My Dear Miss Anthony : Will your time permit you
to give me a hearing ? Long ago I wrote to you request-
ing information in regard to colleges for women. Your
immediate and kind reply at that time now encourages
me to again intrude upon you, since I again desire infor-
mation. I shall next month enter the second years
course of the St Lawrence University. Canton, N. Y.
But my funds are short, and though I practice the most
rigid economy, when I shall have finished the course, I
shall, for a woman, be much in debt. I feel no energy to
plod along in any of the departments which women com-
monly occupy, but in the right place I know that I could
work with success to myself and others.
Will you assist me? When my school-days are finished,
will you help me to begin ? I wish at once to come to
some decision as to my future course of life, since one
can labor with more zest if there be an aim in view. If
you will help me by advice, suggestion, informationif
your time will permit you to reply to any question I
may wish to askyou shall have my thanks, I have
nothing else to offer. I hope to hear from you soon.
Truly yours, . Emma Fabband.
Let every girl, who can, study theology or
medicine. There is a great demand for women
in both these professions. We have two col-
leges in New York. A Homoeopathic Woman's
College, and an Allopathic College nnder the
charge of Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, a woman of
great cultivation, scientific information, and ir-
reproachable moral character. She graduated
many years ago in the college at Geneva, with
high honors, and has spent much time in the
hospitals of Europe.
The Homoeopathic College is under the charge
oi au able board of Trustees, and Dr. Clemence
Lozier as Dean, one of our most successful
physicians, whose income is $15,000 a year.
The state has jnst made an appropriation to this
college, and large buildings have been pur-
chased, and there is now every promise of its
complete success. It has been our most earnest
desire to see these two institutions combined,
and thus have all the enthusiasm that is now so
rapidly coming np in favor of the education of
women as physicians, concentrated in one grand
effort. And to this end we shall still labor.
The two colleges are within a few blocks of each
other, and might easily unite in their lecture
course. There are some free scholarships con-
nected with the Homoeopathic College, so that
the only expense to such young girls would be
books and board. Then there is the profession
of law. A woman of education and ability could
soon have a grand practice in defending the un-
fortunate of her own sex, and in this profession
but few women have as yet essayed to walk.
Kanses and Iowa already admit women to the
New York, July 8,1868.
Mbs. Elizabeth Cady StantonMadam: I believe
you first had the honor to make a newsboy out of a little
girl. If I am wrong in this belief, still I know you are
interested in the little girls who sell papers. I saw one

Vfct'-Sev.0lttti0ii*' L
last night at the Chanler house (14th st). She was a
sweet little creature, and I would have been proud of her
for a sister. Her modesty was not less remarkable than
the beauty of her features. She was about fourteen, I
should say, though quite short in stature, for that age.
My heart ached for the little creature, to see her in that
crowd of men. I thought she might be in better busi-
ness. But had this been all I saw, I should not have
taken the liberty to address you. I saw a man insult
her. He put his arm around her, and told her to go
home and admire herself/ He was drunbish, and the
little girl was mutely indignant. You will say the villain
ought to have been knocked down, and that I ought to
have done it, then and there, instead of whimpering to
you over the matter this morning. Very true, madame.
The soft impeachment is admitted. It sticks/'
But then, you know, not every man will submit to he
knocked down in a public place without making a dis-
graceful rol^ over it, and claiming that he has been abused.
Had I not been aware of this foolish prejudice on the par*1
of my sex, I should have administered a castigation. Be-
sides, you know, a dwarf may have a giant for a friend,
and this brute was anything but a dwarf, and may have had
two or three friends within call. In fact, I had just seen
him drinking with a crowd of loafers. I am well aware
that such insults as that of which I have spoken are not
nearly so dangerous as the devilish kindness and polite-
ness of the accomplished rake, to which these girls are
equally exposed. In crowds of men there are always
some who use disgraceful language, and whose gestures
are not at all modest, but are intended to set the minds
of a young girl running on matters she ought not to
speculate upon. Very likely you understand good little
girls much better than I do, but when we talk of bad
men, I know my knowledge of them infinitely exceeds
Now, madame, in all seriousness, is it well to expose
young girls in this manuer to be corrupted by our sex ?
Would it not be better to find some less public occupa-
tion for them ? To see them mixing in crowds of men
in bar-rooms and hotel parlors is heart-rending. I pray
you to endeavor to do something to avert the evil, or I
greatly fear these same girls will be plying on your
streets a more horrible trade when they get older.
I am, madame, with the utmost respect, your obedient
servant, and A Friend to the Little Girls.
Women and girls are much safer in a crowd
against the insults of drunken men than in the
privacy of home. Follow the little girl, who
called forth your interest and pity to her home.
She doffs her uniform, resumes her rags, and
wends her way through filthy streets, through
more obscene and drunken crowds than een the
Chanler House can boast. Through dark al-
leys, curses, jibes, and jeers, she goes down,
down into a dark damp cellar, where men,
women and children, the vile, the virtuous, the
drunk, the sober, all herd together, and there
she spends the dark, sad hours of night. From
nights of agony, and days of idleness and vice,
we snatch these girls, covered with rags and ver-
min ; we clean them, dress them, board them in
decent quarters, and encourage them to earn an
honest living. There is nothing in private they
can do that is half so profitable and honorable
as selling such a grand paper as The Revolu-
tion to gentlemen.
Follow the brute who insulted this pretty girl
to his home. He rings the bell. A sweet girl
of fourteen answers at the door. She is just
bound to him until she is twenty-one. She has
no other friend upon the earth ; with eyes of
love and pity, her father and mother look down
. from heaven, and watch her daily life. The
family have gone into the country, this little
girl with a drunken cook is left in charge.
Alone with this vile, drunken man, with closed
doors, what now! The angels weep over the
wrougs and sorrows of the young, the innocent,
in the sacred privacy of home. So long as
men are drunken, brutal, vile, better far that girls
should meet them in public places, where noble,
virtuous men, stand ready to defend them with
their strong right aims, thau alone, where no
eye, save Omnipotence, takes cognizance of
tew wrongs. Remember, these men that shock
the virtuous of their own sex have their
mothers, wives, daughters, sisters, and if man
shows out what he is anywhere, it is at his own
hearthstone. This incident, so far from proving
that the sphere of women and girls is within
four walls, only proves the absolute necessity of
their being everywhere. If we had a company
of noble, virtuous women as police, such men
would be ordered to the station-house. Man
has had the universe for his hunting-ground
long enough. As the earth is the Lord's, and the
fullness thereof, we propose that women shall
now enjoy the same freedom.
Translated for The Revolution from Der Bazaar,
Berlin, June 8, 1868.
In February, 1866, a Society was formed in Berlin for
the purpose of opening to woman new branches of in-
dustry. It consists of men and women of all classes,
some four hundred. The president is Dr. Lette.
Mrs. H., of Holstein, wishing to come to America to
obtain a thorough knowledge of dentistry, first consulted
Dr. Lette, to know whether she would be allowed to
practice in Germany if she had a certificate ? Having,
through him, received a favorable answer from the
Prussian government, she came to Philadelphia. From
there she writes the following to Dr. Lette and encloses
the accompanying letter from Prof Truman :
When I presented myself for admission to the Den-
tal College, I met unexpected difficulties. It is true
that many women practice dentistry, but only one
among them has received a regular college education.
This one is in one of the western states and has her
diploma. But what is done in one state, is no standard
for other states, and my demand was very embarrassing
tc the president of the Philadelphia college. I told him
I had come to Am erica in the firm hope of finding re-
publicans certainly as open to the reforms of the day as
the Prussian ministry, that is willing, in an excep-
tional case, to grant me permission to practice. My de-
mand was thereupon laid before the Faculty, and after a
warm debate was accepted, thanks to the energetic inter-
cession of Prof. Truman. Ho is highly respected here
as a man of abilities and integrity. He had already de-
clared openly that in the province of dentistry woman
should be admitted to the same privileges with man*
It was gratifying to him that a German woman was, from
the condition of her own country, obliged to seek here
an education in dentistry, and therewith to realize his
Once having entered, everything went admirably.
Professors and students were friendly and respectful.
At first, indeed, it was very hard for me to be alone
among all these men at the lectures, and to operate in
the large Hospital hall observed and surrounded by
them all. Only the thought that my success would in-
cite other women to do likewise, and that I might be of
some use to my German sisters, strengthened me, and
enabled me to surmouut every difficulty. When I look
back upon the past winter, I really thiiik I have won
something for our cause.
I have refuted, with facts, the arguments of our adver-
saries, and of the hundreds who have visited our hospital*
but few have left without asking the students if it were
possible that a woman could be a dcntisc? Theresultof
the answers to these questions was that more patients
came to me than I could receive. They brought chil-
dren, especially, and thus verified the idea I had so often
expressed in college, that women are the best dentists for
children. As I look upon myself only as an incorporated
idea, every little sucoess gives me two-fold pleasure.
If German women would only see clearly that they
must stand by and assist one another if they want to
enlarge the province of their qstivity, not only as excep-
tions, but for the general rule!
They take great interest in me here, and make pro-
posals for my remaining, but my mission lies not in
America, but in old, good Germany. Henrietta H.
Philadelphia, March, 1868.
Alter the usual greetings, Prof. Truman says :
The interest which you have so oiten manifested in a
higher scientific education for woman, as well as in open-
ing to her new branches of industry in order to give her
anindependenlpositioniu the world, givesme courage to
yield to the request of Mrs. H., to give you some com*
munications an to her progress in the science she has
They seem to think in Germany that here every woman
is free to choose and enter any profession. But this
opinion is not entirely correct. We have, indeed, female
physicians, and several*are enjoying a large practice.
We employ women in the government offices, and allow
them ibis and that useful occupation. But we are still
far from acknowledging universally that it is the right of
every human being to choose the calling to which he
feels himself adapted. It cost not a little trouble to ob-
tain the admission of Mrs. H. to our college, but now
that she has entered, her admirable conduct and fine
tact have won for her not only the esteem of the teachers
of the institution, but have also had a remarkable in*
fluence on the students. They have, from the commence
ment,not only treated her with the greatest respect, but
out of consideration for her they have laid aside much
coarseness of manner which has generally been thought
inseparable from student life. Indeed, so great is the
change, that those professors who had been the most un-
yielding in their objections to the admission of Mrs. H.,
are now pleased with this good result.
It was no easy task for a single woman in a hall filled
with young men to undertake dental operations under
their critical glances. Mrs. H. performed her work with
such zeal and womanly dignity that' she not only won
their sympathy, but they were all eager to give her every
possible assistance. The problem was solved. The
young men saw daily that a woman worked, like them-
selves, from six to eight hours, and performed opera-
tions with a skill shown by few students. Judging by
the progress she has already made, I think when the
time comes for making her Doctor of Dentistry, we shall
confer a degree on one rarely equalled in theory and prac
tice. I hope and wish that on her return to her native
land, she will succeed in disarming prejudice, as she has
done here, and that her efforts and diligence will be
crowned by a success that shall tempt others to go and
do likewise/*
One single proof like this of the capacity of woman
for a more liberal education confutes a thousand theo-
retical objections of narrow scholars.
James Truman.
Philadelphia, March, 1868.
We shall give further communications respecting Mrs.
H., and, on her return from America, announce in which
city of Prussia she will be established as a dentist.
Evert man has a natural right to labor. Every man
is equitably entitled to exactly that proportion of the
world's wealth which his own labor produces. I hold
the second of these propositions to be self-evident, and
the first to follow clearly from the hypothesis that all
men are endowed with an inalienable right to libertyand
the pursuit of happiness.
Now marketable commodities are of two kinds : First,
the fruits or products of labor; Secondly, the means of
labor. The means of labor are three in number : 1st,
the earth and its crude products ; 2d, time; 3d, vital
eneigy. Without these, no man can possibly labor.
And these, the means of labor, are not produced by
labor. They are free gilts of God to man. It is a patent
violation of mans natural right to labor, that the means
of labor should be taken from him. It is a great wrong
if any man is forced to pay for the privilege of working ;
therefore, it is wrong to buy up the means of labor and
make them marketable commodities. I understand, of
course, that any man has a right to exchange the fruits
of his own labor for an equivalent in the fruits of some
one elses. But the means of labor are not the fruits of
labor at all. They belong only to the race. No person
has a special right to them except the Almighty; for no
one else can claim to have produced them. Unless I
can buy them of my Creator, I have no right to deny
them to any of my fellow-creatures.
Unhappily, capitalists have always the power to per*,
petuate the wrong under consideration. Not ten years
since, they bought and sold the vital power, the living
bodies of men. They still buy and sell the land and Its
crude products, thus compelling labor to pay a tax for
their support. If we would know the possibilities of
this iniquity let us look to Ireland. They there also buy
up time, and compel men to pay a tax upon its use. Do
you ask how? Through the principle of interest!
It may be said that to abolish those odious tyrannies
would be to destroy our business relations. But here is
the rub. Our social system is founded on iniquity. It
is the cause of pauperism and all its horrors. It robs
the laborer of two-thirds of the products of his toil, per-
haps, Is it not a plain duty to seek its abolition ?
The National Labor Union fail to see the exigency otf
the timet when they talk of the unfair distribution of

Sftt fjevflltitiflii*
the products of labor between non-producing capital and
labor.'* Non-producing capital is a thief. Any distribu-
tion is unfair which gives products of labor to non-pro.
ducing capital. Non-producing capital has the somo
claims on labor that a tape-worm or a fungus has upon
tho body it infests.
Sweep away our existing social system, and it must
soon be succoeded by another. And what shall that
other bo? C. L. James.
Every mail brings ns letters calling for the
formation of a now political party, based on
democratic foundations. Tbe people are tired
to death of shams and pretences. Democrats
and republicans are so alike as not to know
each other apart. It is said the mothers in some
of the smoky, grimy towns of England have to
catch and wash the faces of their children, be
fore each can tell her own. Our politicians are
in the same dirty dilemma, and the people think
it quite time to have done with the whole of
them. But to the letter ;
1 must 6ay that I favor the formation of a New
National party, that will give us a broad, Catholic plat-
form, and will draw into its raLfcs the true men of both-
existing parties. It is the tendency of all political organ-
izations to become rotton in time, to look for place and
to sacrifice principle to obtain it. Andmoroover, parties
become timid as they grow older. Look at the republi-
can party as it was in the spring of 1864, and as it has
been since the war began. Expediency rules it. Had
the South in 1863 come out boldly, freed and armed the
slaves, they would have conquered. All that year
tbo republican rulers were vascillating. I well remem-
ber the tone of feeling among people in the country.
Why dont tho President do something ?** was the cry.
It seemed to us who were far enough away from tbe glare
and melee of office not to be blinded by it, that the time
had fully come to strike an effective blow at slavery and
the rebellion together; but what vascillations, what
hesitancy in Washington I The people are not ready,
was constantly cried. It will not do to issue a procla-
mation of emancipation, said the President j the
people are not prepared. Well, the summer dragged
its weary days along, and some of us know how sleep
lied from our eyes, or was filled with horrid imagery,
while we vainly waited for something to be done, till
September 1st. gave us a contingent emancipation pro-
Then came 1864. The radical people of the nation
issued a call for a nominating Convention, to be held
May 31st, at Cleveland. I attended with my father, who
was both one of the signers of the call and a delegate.
These earnest men met from all over the country,even
those who fought their way through foes for hundreds
of miles, and who were terribly in earnest, that a radical
platform should be laid by the Convention.
Then came the attempt to crush free speech. All about
the city were groups of armed men whose avowed pur-
pose was to break up the Convention. They congregated
largely at the chief hotels, the Weddell House being the
headquarters. They were Ihe dirty workers of the re-
publican party. Gen. Cochrane received letters of warn-
ing, and the affair ultimately reached such dimensions,
that tho defence of the Convention was placed in the
hands of the city Marshal. Gen. Cochrane himself told
me on our way home, that those men wore hired by the
republican party for the purpose of cowing the Fremont
men or breaking up the Convention, and, said he,
had worst come to WQrst, and had they entered the Con-
vention, I should have looked the doors and let them fight
it out. There were men among us from Eansas and
Missouri, who, with rifle on their shoulders and
bowie-knife at belt, had dodged the rebels, and they were
too muoh in earnest to be gagged. Yes,said he,
the grossest tyranny has at this Convention been at-
tempted, and 'rec speech assailed. lu continuing the
conversation, he said he did not expect to be elected, but
the Convention had battled tor principle, and if it only
compelled the republicans to do right, it was all he
It is a matter ot history what effect the action of the
Cleveland Convention had on the action of the Baltimore
Convention the September following. The platform of
the latter was but a reflex of the former in its general
Now, what we women want, is a broad platform, up-
holding labor and individual rights, irrespective of sex,
color, religion, or nationality,one on which alike could
'stand the woman, the negro, the workingman and the
foreigner; and a system of finance, that, while it left the
public credit unimpaired, would inaugurate a wise
economy, and look to a lightening of taxes and a speedy
restitution of specie payments. I cannot agree with you
on your greenback bond payment policy. I think the
credit of the nation a private as well as a public claim. I
know with what fear and trembling men here at the
North invested in bonds. What is best to be done ?
would be said by one to another. Shall we take bonds j
It looks pretty squally. And the answer many times
was, Yes, take them ; if the government fails every-
. thing goes with it; by investing one-half sustains the
government, and if that is sustained, we are sustained
with it.
What if California and the South and the West, do
not hold many bonds. California was far removed from
the exigencies of the situation. She had hor own sys-
tems of finance arising from her being so fully a mining
state. The South was in rebellion, and of course, would
not sustain her opponent; and the West with its tens of
thousands of young men rushed into actual conflict. The
East, with its preponderance of women, sustained the
war both with arms and money. Its old men, and men
of small means, its widows and single women, alike took
bonds. Tbe credit of a nation is in its good faith. If wo
become rascals so soon after this war, how can we ever
get credit to carry on another ? Aside from the loss to
foreigners, repudiation (which paying bonds in green-
backs at their present value, means) would be downright
robbery of our own people, women and children. One
of tho meanest assumptions of the extreme wing of the
democratic party, has been its threat of repudiation if
in power, and still meaner is its talk by republicans who
made the debt.
Immediate return to specie payments would not injure
the trade of the country, more than it is now injured by
vascillations and high prices. It is past the day of mak-
ing money from the rise of goods. No larger profits are
now gotten than were gotten before the war, while the
price of living Is from two to three-fold what it then
was. Thia increase in the cost of living does not affect
the laborer, or the farmer, because they get propor-
tionately increased pay for the same amount of work, or
produce ; while the man whose gain is made by inter-
changing commodities, either for other commodities or
for money, is the one upon whom falls the weight of this
condition of things with the greatest force. You know I
speak from actual experience, as my husband is a mer-
I think it a duty we reformers owe to ourselves and to
the country, to put in nomination a thorough radical on
a sound anti-sex caste, anti-war caste, anti-thieving
Bely upon me for all the aid in my power. I belong
to the company of active workers, and as such you have
my warmest sympathy.
By forming a Separate party, we shall draw into its
ranks all the really honest men of both parties, and we
shall be educating the remainder. My experience with
mankind is, that the great majority have no ideas or
opinions of their own. They think as somebody else
thinks, in whose ability or honesty they have confidence.
Four Courts Mabshalsea, )
July 4th, 1868. f
Dear Revolution: Here are three co-
umns of my Levee in Jail in the Irishman,
and four columns of my Mail Bag in the Lon-
don Universal Neves, containing some points
that will interest the proprietor of The Re-
volution, and five columns from the London
Cosmopolitan on woman, too long for The
Revolution, but yon may wish to make ex-
tracts. Perhaps you can find room for the
Epigram address to Ireland. It is loaded with
shrapnel and grape. I am destroying England's
prestigeam striking my foot through her ba-
loon. It is Sherman's march to the sea. Thi?
letter will show you how firmly the Norman
idea is hiking hold of the European mind.
Nagle, Meany, Costello, Warren, and the rest
hold the balance of power. We dont want the
Alabama claims paid.
Stop Seward. Stop Thornton. We dont want
the money. Legalized piracy is more profitable.
If they pay, how can we run the blockade of
Dublin, Belfast and Cork ? Let our government
pay the shipowners.
The troops leave the country, and, on their return,,
supply Kansa, one of the most powerful chieftains, with
arms and stores sufficient to make him superior to all
the others. The Tigreans, the most savage and relent-
less of all the native tribes, have now the power to extend
their sanguinary excesses among the more peaceably
disposed pastoral and agricultural inhabitants of the in-
terior. Hitherto kept in check by the terror of Theo-
dores name, though living by systematized exaction and
robbery, they were, nevertheless, the terror, not alone
of the neighboring tribes, but of all persons passing
through their territoryeven when under the express
authority of the king. Plowdeu died at their hands;
and all passing through their country were plundered
in tbe name of tribute exacted by the chief or seized by
his subordinates. Now, with superior arms and sup-
plies, their power of mischief is immeasurably in-
creased. England entered as the champion of justice
and enemy of tyranny. She leaves it, having armed a
band of organized robbers and murderers to prey on
the industry of their less fortunate neighbors. She de-
precates the tyranny of Theodore, and establishes a
worse tyrant in his place. Truly there is much to re-
joice over. Civilization arms the savage for the work of
death ; and theu congratulates herself on her impartial
sense of justice. The moralis manifest: England pays
for their forbearance by assisting them in their crimes.
Alexander Sullivans Nation.
Young Theodore is to be educated by the
Queen, while the Prince of Wales protects the
throne of England. 'See Cartoon in Tomahawk.
Another Brown Study.
The moment woman ceases to be a plaything,
a baby and doll, the sun will shine upon the
jnst as well as the unjust. The Revolution
will not postpone this reformation even to the
fourth generation.
From London Fun, Tom Hood's paper.
We strolled within the garden where wed often strolled
And her sweet meandering movements made me love her
all the more;
We plucked the summer roses, as is usual, I believe,
And I think I ought to mention 'twas a very dewy eve.
Twas pleasantI contess itto be walking by her side,
With a dream of orange flowerets and her presence as
my bride;
So I whispered that I loved her, and I asked her there
and then,
Would she make me at St. Georges, far the happiest of
men ?
And I pleaded for an answer. Would she bid me ask papa,
And then hide her burning blushes on the breast of her
mamma ?
Or dispensing with her parents, would she take me on
the spot.
Or make answer, if disdainful, Gentle Sir, I'd rather
You can fancy 1 was startled when she said, in accents
. mild,
Your sex has treated woman up to this time like a
child ;
But we're now to have the franchise, and I ask you, sir,
do you
Hold Conservative opinions, or adopt a Liberal view ?

Sfct |Uv0luti0tt.
I was puzzled ; it. was awkward; and I answered, Im
By a very stupid silence and an idiotic stare ;
But at length I plucked up courage, and I said Upon
my oath,
Im a Liberal-Conservative and always vote for both.
You pitiable creature, then she answered, it was
I asked you your opinions on politics to tell;
I never will unite myself to one so mean of heart,
Know, sir, I am a Radical, and therefore we must part!
In vain I tried to argue, and I swore that she was right
I was game to love my Bradlagh, and to cling to Beales
and Beight ;
I even dropt obtrusively the manliest of tears
She scorned my swift conversion, and she answered
me with sneers.
And never since that fatal day Ive ceased to madly hate
The thought of giving women any power within the
state ;
One only consolation now remains my heart to fill,
The thought of claiming damages from innovating Mill !
I answer promptly. She is neither. She is a
slave, according to the Gospel of Sumner,
Greeley, Phillips, Garrison. She is not as far ad-
vanced as the negro, consequently, he must vote
and she continue in bondage. How completely we
women of The Revolution tripped up these
Elders when interfering with Susannah and
the Turkish Bath in that Kansas Campaign.
This poor woman cannot understand the duality
ol life. Man and woman together. But this
shows how the mind of woman is being agitated.
To the Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette :
Sir: I believe I am describing the experience of
many other women as well as my own when I £r,y
that my life is becoming a burden to me by reason
of our rights. It is not only that I am tossed
between wishing for (some of) them and dreading
them, but also that I cannot help spending a great deal
of time and mental labor, which I can ill-afford, in spec-
ulating as to what they are.' I am therefore wholly un-
able to decide, and must leave it to you and your readers to
settle, on which side of the question I amwhether I am a
wolf in sleeps clothing, or a sheep in wolf s clothing. I
believe I am sometimes one and sometimes the other, and
this is not the least of my grievances.
I do not know whether I ought to wish that women
should be represented in Parliament or not; but I am
sure of one thing, which is, that if we are not only to
elect, but to be members of Parliament (which I suppose
is in store for us), and if the object be to ascertain our
opinions upon national affairs, we ought to have a third
House to ourselves in which to express them. We should
never hold our own against the male members if we were
opposed to them, for whether individually weaker than
men or not (since that, it seems, is to be considered as
an open question now), there can be no doubt that col-
lectively we should be so in the race ol public life, since
collectively we cannot cease to be weighted with family
c ares from which men are free.
If we had a separate House for female members, elect-
ed by Female Suffrage, we might express our opinions as
much as we liked, we should avoid the practical difficul-
ties attending the introduction of a feminine element into
the present system, and the Legislature might attach
whatever weight it thought proper to our votes. I might
be satisfied if the Ladies House were to constitute a sort
of standing committee for the investigation of suitable
subjects, while more advanced or single-minded advo-
cates of womens rights might demand that every bill
should pass not only the Lords and Commons, but the
Ladies, before it received the Royal assent. However,
this might be arranged, I th nk it would promote both
decorum and fair play if the female members had a
House to themselves; but in the bewildered state of
mind to which the continued discussion of womans
rights and of everything else appertaining to women has
reduced me, I am unable to judge calmly of the value of
my own suggestions. I am, sir, your obedient servant,
A Woman of Unsound Wind.
A third House for women. Absurd; What
is wanted is duality* Two ears, two eyes, and
but a single tongue by natures laws to man be*
bng8 The lesson she would teach is clear) repeat
but half of what you hear is Socratian Philoso-
phy. If Eve ate twice of the Tree of Knowledge,
and Adam but once, as stated, woman ought to
know twice as much as manor at least a third
Meanwhile, undisturbed by the plottings and machina-
tions of his enemies, his Holiness continues to enjoy ex-
cellent health and spirits. On the 16 th ultimo he com-
menced the twenty-third year of his Pontifical reign. Since
St. Peter, to whom history assigns twenty-five years
there have been but three Popes out of 258 who have lived
to commence or to finish their twenty-third year of gov-
ernment. They are ; Adrian I., Pius VI. and Pius VII.
Pius IX. will be the fourth. His advanced age does not
appear to impair to the faintest extent the intellectual
activity of the Sovereign Pontiff. We learn by telegraph
that he has summoned a General Council of the Catholic
Church, to be held at Rome in December, 1869. The ob-
ject of the Couucil is to assure the integrity of the
faith, respect for religion and the ecclesiastical laws, the
improvement of public morals, the establishment of
peace and concord, and the removal of the ills afflicting
civil and religious society.
The Emperor of Austria is playing Joseph the
Second on the Pope. He has burst up the
Concordat, and is Americanizing Austria. The
Holy Father is furious, and hurls everlasting
anathemas at the monarch. Let the Pope go in
for Woman Suffrage, and The Revolution
will prop him up till he complete a quarter of a
century of kingship ?
The Woman Question in Russia.The Courrier
Francais, a French journal, having recently statsd that
England was the first to emancipate the negro, and
would be the first to emancipate woman, the Nord takes
it to task for the assertion, and declares that the latter
work has already been accomplished by Russia. In that
country, it says, the emancipation exists, and always
has existed, husband and wife being two persons en-
tirely independent of each other in the eyes of the civil
law. The husband not only cannot dispose of the prop-
erty of his wife, but she herself may dispose of it with-
out consulting him in any way. Politically, too, there
is complete equality between the two ; and if the wife
possesses the necessary property qualification she can
vote for the election cf members to the provincial gene-
ral councils newly instituted, her sex being no obstacle
to the exercise of the right. It will thus be seen that in
this question, England has merely to follow, Russia hav-
ing already led the way.
Bravo, Russia Your Empresses have shown
that women have brains and can manage em-
pire. The Revolution is working out the
grandest idea since the world began.
I saw a great number of the natives lately. Several
hundreds of them ar? encamped within a short distance
of us. They are quite savage and uncivilized in appear-
ance, but quiet and inoffensive in their manner. The
men are about middle height, with very small, light
limbs. They are very dark in colornearly as black as
the potwith middling good features ; but their wo-
men are very small and ordinary. They wear nothing
but a kangaroo skin, about their shoulders, and hanging
loosely as far as their knees. Some of their men paint
their faces red. The women do all their work, drudgery,
etc. The men do nothing but hunt and fish.Letter
from Brophy, Fenian Convict, from Australia.
It is so with woman the world over. Among
the poor it is
Seam and gusset and band,
Band and gusset and seam,
Till over the work they fall asleep,
And sew then on in a dream.
Among the rich, what have women to do but
dress, and call, and gossip, and drmk Bourbon,
read flashy novels and flirt ? Nothing. Give
them a chance with men ; occupy their minds ;
open up their great talents, and then they will
be nobler than those poor Australians ; now
they have nothing but the drudgery of sloth,
and idleness, and despair. Hurry up with the
Revolution. Reynolds quotes a column this
week, and the News and Nation both have E. C,
S. on Col. Nagle.
Four 06urts Marshalsea 1
Dublin, June 22, 1868. )
Dear Irishman:
A Case of Urgent Distress.An appeal is confi-
dently made to the public on behalf of a widow lady and
her daughter, who are now in dire distress owing to their
devotion to Irelands cause. A small sum is asked to
place them in business, and thus pay a nations debt of
gratitude. The smallest subscriptions thankfully re-
ceived at the Irishman office, Dublin.
Were my five thousand city lots (or rather to please
Judge Miller, my wifes) turned into golden dollars, I
would answer these lines with a cheque. But as it is,,
I have devoted all the proceeds of my lectures (the late
English tour, I am told, produced some £500 for the
cause of political distress) to national Irish charities,
and paying the passages of the Jacknell men, besides
using up some £125 of my pocket money. God knows
how long I am to be bottled up in jail, but my disposi-
tion is to lecture for this poor lady, or in some way start
the sympathy of the generous Irish to all those who
suffer for Ireland.Sincerely,
George Francis Train.
P.S.Let me add a line in praise of that noble lady,
the English Marchioness of Queensbury, who has done
more for the families of the Irish state prisoners than all
the aristocracy of England combined.
Should John F. Monck, of the London Irish*
man, call, introduce Mm to your dramatic
critic. His plays are too strong for the British
Dont forget to exchange with London Cosmo-
politan; and send Revolution to Newport,
where a cottage, and wife and boys, and Sue,
Bell, and Yacht, and six horses in the stable,
and billiard-room, bowling-alley, and bathing
houses all await me. Three cheers for the
glorious Fourth, the brave Cabinet, the noble
Congress, that sends a Minister to England
when our citizens are in bastiies !
From the Northern Star.
Supposing, therefore, that Father McMahon had been
guilty of an offence against red-tape routine ; supposing
he had been guilty of an offence against a harsh and un-
natural discipline, was this a reason for subjecting him
to treatment that is unknown in almost all countries
west of the Ural Mountainsbut one? In Russia the
knout has been all but disowned. Throughout Germany
the lash has been repudiated. In France it dared no t
be mentioned. In Italy it has not yet been resorted to.
In Spain it is unheard of. In England alone it is upheld
as an agency of punishment and reform, to the degra-
dation of the victims and the disgrace of the nation*
England is the only country in the world which has re-
duced political offences to the level of criminality. If
there was something fearfully cruel in the alleged hor-
rors of the Bastile and the Neapolitan dungeons, the
victims of them had, at least, the small but hot insigni-
ficant consolation of being exceptional sufferers. Under
the free Constitution of Great Britain, however, even
this consolation, the saddest to which the doomed can
look fprward, is denied to political offenders. They are
not merely legally punished, but socially and personally
degraded. They are made the associates of the lowest
scum who figure in the criminal calendar ; and the
forger and the thiefthe reprieved murderer and the
favored swindlercan count on more consideration than
the political enthusiast, whose greatest fault is attribu-
table to his sincerity.
Why dont yon demand the release of Father
McMahon instead of allowing Dear Mr. Sew-
ard and dear Mr. Thornton to coddle up the
Alabama claims, and talk over their punch, new
reciprocity treaties. If any Minister was to be
sent to England, Thornton was the man. Cos-
tello and Warren must go home in a man-of-
war* George Franois Trainj


CIk Mniolntinn.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, JULY 23, 1868.
How few people, so long as they are free and
happy, ever pause to think of the sufferings of
the poor criminals ; of the pitiable condition to
which these human beings are doomed for life,
or a term of years! How little wisdom they
manifest by whose fiat crimes are determined,
by whom men and women, boys and girls, are
incarcerated in dark, damp, gloomy prisons, in
narrow, unventilated cells, infested with rats,
mice and vermin, lodged on filthy beds of straw
and fed on sour bread, tainted meat, and un-
savory soup, wholly subject to the will of cruel
keepers! for what men were ever trusted with
absolute authority without abusing it ?
Oh, think of it, women, who do not care to
vote, if you had avoice in the legislation of
the country, what you might do to reform our
whole criminal code and- modes of punish-
ment! Think of what it is to be deprived of
liberty, to be compelled to eat, drink and sleep,
to speak, think, move and work at the will of
another. Think of the unfortunate ones, shut
in from all the pleasant sights and sounds of
earth, to see the s un, the moon, the stars, the
sweet faces of those they love no more! for
them the flowers, the budding trees, the new
mown hay, send forth no fragrance, the birds,
the wind, the babbling brooks make no music.
Their senses are closed against everything that
makes life attractive, they see and hear aud
know nothing beyond those massive walls.
Now is not all this punishment enough, with-
out adding unnecessary rigors and privations to
their lives? It is only by making the sorrows
of others our own, that we can look feelingly on
the wrongs of the race. Suppose, fond mother,
you had a son in Auburn, Sing Sing, or the
Tombs, could you be indifferent to the fact,
that through these long hot nights, he cries in
vain, for water and for air, and the sultry morn-
ings brings him no relief? You, who make, the
laws, go to your station houses, prisons, jails,
behold how those who once have lived in palaces
are lodged and clothed and fed. Perchance you
and your sons are free and happy to day. If
you break the law, your gold protects you
against the hard, grinding world, it bribes the
judge, the jury, and unlocks the prison doors >
but by some sudden turn in fortunes wheel, to-
morrow you may fill those vacant places, and in
solitude and bitterness remember, that when
you had the power to make these prisons what
they should be, pleasant homes of peace and
industry for the morally weak and unfortunate,
you thought only of selfish ease and personal
aggrandizement. What a spectacle lor the me-
tropolis of a Christian country, in the nine-
teenth century, where ten thousand spires are
pointing to the heavens, is that low, dark prison
called the Toombs! where men and women,
through these sultry months, plead in vain for
air, where little boys stand sentinels through
the long nights, taking turns to watch one
another lesi they should be devoured by rats !
There is not a station-house, a jail, a prison in
the whole country, that has any proper mode of
ventilation whatever. We ask the pulpit, the
press and the politicians, to turn from their
theologies, politics and petty wranglings about
men and parties, and consider the horrible
cruelties inflicted on poor convicts, in our very
midst. True they have no money for the priests,
or votes for the politicians, but is there not
enough humanity in this nation to demand an
entire change in prison life, in its conditions
and discipline? Let us remember that our
children and grandchildren, too, may be caught
in the nets set by cunning hands on every side,
for the weak and the unwary and come to li?
down at last within those gloomy walls. Does
not a wise selfishness teach ns how our interests
and those of all mankind are bound together ?
If mothers are far-sighted, they will see they
have interests outside of home, in dealing up
this great wilderness of life, in plucking the
thorns from the ten thousand paths where so
many of our fairest sons and daughters have
stumbled.'and gone down. We remember travel-
ling a few years ago in company with half a
dozen boys who had just been tried at Syracuse,
handcuffed and on their way to Auburn prison.
They were all respectable-looking boys, with
good heads and pleasant faces, though now
overcast with a hopeless sadness. We were so
much affected with the sight, that we stood by
them and talked until they reached their des-
tination. We were specially attracted to one
by whom a soldier with crutches sat talking and
weeping. His name was John Ryan. Address-
ing him, we said, you have too good a face and
head to be caught in such company. Ah!
said he, I went out one evening, with a few fel-
lows to have a little fun, drank too much wine and
not knowing what we were about, we broke into
a house, knocked down the police and were
lodged in jail to repent at leisure. I had no de-
sire to steal, no malice in my heart, and but for
that cursed rum should be free to-day. Ob!
yes, said the old soldier, John is one of the
noblest boys God ever made. I was with him
all through the war. We were together in
Shermans march through the south. I have
seen him many a time give a cup of water
to a sick soldier when suffering with thirst him-
selfi I have seen him perform such acts of
self-sacrifice that it fits him better to be em-
balmed as a saint than imprisoned as a felon.
After such devotion to his country and gener-
osity to his fellows as he has manifested, it
breaks my heart to think that in an evil hour
he should have been misled and they wept
together. At last, said John, Well, no matter ;
I will make the best of it, two years will soon
pass, and I will come out a wiser and a better
man. I have made up my mind to obey every
rule, to submit to tyranny and insults even, as
patiently as I can. There can be nothing
worse than the jail in Syracuse. I have lived
through §ix weeks there, bad as it is, and I
think I can stand two years in Auburn ; but the
loss of my good character makes me miserable.
We asked him many questions about jail life.
He told us of the dirty cells and beds, and dis-
gusting food, sour bread, tainted meat, un-
savory soup, of the vermin, rats and mice, foul
air ; but all that, said he, is nothing to the lone-,
liness, the solitude, the weariness of having no-
thing to do. Our keepers pretended to supply us
with reading, but they would give us one small
tract that we could read in ten minutes. Hull
as these tracts were, we were glad to get them,
and would change with one another by tying a
string to them and swinging them from door to
door. Oh! said he, those long, long
days and sleepless nights! You can for
no idea how the the prisoner suffers from the
monotony of his life and the need of air mid
exercise. And thus we talked until at last the
conductor shouted Auburn. We shall never
forget the look of agony that passed over those
young faces as they bade the group that had
gathered round them farewell. Shaking hands
with us, Ob, said John, do come and see
me. I learned what a blessed thing it was to
see a womans face in the army and the hospi-
tals. Yes, we said, and when women are
inspectors of prison?, and have a word to say
about the care of you unfortunate ones, there
will be many changes for the better within these
gloomy bastiles. As we saw those great iron gates
close behind that troop of boys, we said to a
friend by our side, if we could only galvanize
the women of this nation into their right minds,
how soon we could change all these gloomy
prisons into moral seminaries for the improve-
ment of the weak and vicious. All we seem to
contemplate now is the punishment of the
prisoner and the protection of society, forgetting
that they are the wards of the state, and it is
the duty of the state to see that all their sur-
roundings are in harmony with the highest
physical and moral laws. Surely, we have done
everything the safety of society requires when
we shut criminals up within four walls. And
the good of the prisoner is now the important
question. It is not too much to demand of the
state that our prisons shall be on high, well
drained land, in healthy locations, surrounded
with gardens, where the prisoners can breathe
the sweet morning air, hear the birds sing, and
with their own hands cultivate flowers, and
raise fruits and vegetables for their own table,
instead of being confined as they now are to
dried beans, salted pork and beef.
In those states where public lands are* now
being given away to monopolists, let some be
reserved for jails aud prisons, that criminals
may enjoy the blessings of out-door labor.
Again, it is not too much to demand of the
6tate, that inasmuch as the air is forty miles
deep all round the globe, and they are not
obliged to tiundle it in wheelbarrows to these
places of confinement, that there shall be a con-
stant current of pure air circulating through all
our prisons, jails, and station-houses.- In view
of the abundant supply that Nature has pro-
vided, it is a piece of unnecessary economy to
breathe it more than once. It is not too much
to ask that our criminals shall have schools,
books, pictures, music, amusements, and lec-
tures, on a variety of subjects. The terrible
monotony of their lives produces idiocy and in-
sanity, and renders them unfit for life when
they return to it. You cannot reform men by a
system, that unnerves the mind through con-
stant fear, that destroys all ambition and se f-
respect, that furnishes no motive to obedience
and well doing. Surely, mothers should have
a voice in the making and administering of our
criminal laws, in the treatment of these weak
and unfortunate ones. When woman walks
these prison halls with her love and mercy, when
she is a responsible witness of the horrible pun-
ishments inflicted on her sons, from the fiendish
cold shower, to the gallows, these things will all
be changed. Woman knows the cost of life bet-
ter than man does, hence her quick sympathy
for suffering, her impulse to s ive and protect
life. The family is but the nation in miniature,
and we all know how it is there. The stern
father turns off his disobedient children, refuses
to see or speak to a daughter who has married
against his will, or he thrusts the drunken son
from his door, and tells him pever to show his

face there again. But whoever saw a mother's
love thus at fault ? She denies herself every com-
fort and luxury, and steals away when her hus-
band is asleep or from home, and carries all she
has saved to her suffering child. She brings
the poor dissipated son home again if drunk,
pulls off his boots and coat, bathes his fevered
head and watches him while he sleeps. If
sober, she whispers to him words of comfort
and encouragement. She strengthens his feeble
resolutions, and forgives him, though he sins
seventy times seven. With love and charity, she
follows him in his downward coarse, ever hoping
and praying, even to the gates of death. This
element of womanhood we desire to see recog-
nized in the laws and punishments of criminals,
We need mercy as well as justice, love as well as
force in the management of these unfortunate
children of poverty, ignorance, and vice, cribbed,
caged, as they have been, in the by-places of sin
and iniquity, their lives all through.
These neglected ones, who gather in our jails
and prisons, appeal to the Christianity of the
age, for a new and better system of treatment,
that shall look to their health, happiness, and
higher development. e. o. s.
This very remarkable personage died lately in
Philadelphia, where she had for several -years
resided in comparative obscurity. We have
watched carefully for some account of her life,
adventures and experiences, but not much ap-
pears to be known of her by the present genera-
tion, Mr. Whittier has celebrated her some-
what in song, and a few scanty facts of her are
given in the New York Evening Post, probably
from the pen of Mr. Bryant. If those two
gentlemen, whose memory runs back to the
days of her active life and ministry, could give
the world a more complete memoir of her, it
would doubtless be read with deep interest in
this hour so fertile in female biography. She
was bom in Concord, New Hampshire, on the
14th of April, 1788. Her father was St. Loe
Livermore, bora in Londonderry of the same
state in 1761, and died in Tewksbury, Mass.,
in 1832. The family has been well known and
distinguished in New England since its earliest
settlement. Harriet was a religious enthusiast,
a firm believer in the second coming of Christ
on earth, long before the doctrine had been pro-
claimed by the sect known since the time of
Rev. William Miller as Second Adventists, or
Millerites. And what she believed she went
forth and publicly proclaimed with great bold-
ness and eloquence. Her superior social posi-
tion, splendid personal appearance, her fine
culture, her usually meek and musical voice and
utterance, joined to an earnestness and sin-
cerity amounting almost to wildness at times, all
combined to give force to her ministrations, and
for a time she was a most marked character in
the New England states. The social as well
as religious condition of her country stirred
her soul to its profoundest depths; and, could a
full biography of her now be furnished, it
would doubtless appear that many of the pro-
gressive ideas of to-day were inspirations with
her, full fifty years ago.
At length, as the Evening Post says, her
friends missed her, and after many months they
heard of her in Europe and Asia and Africa.
Since then, what old cathedral town
Has missed her pilgrim staff and gown ?
What convent has held back its look
Against the challenge ef her knock? /
Through Smyrna's plague-hushed thoroughfares,
Up sea-set Maltas rocky 6tairs,
Gray olive slopes of hills that hem
Thy tombs and shrines, Jerusalem,
Or startling on her desert throne
The crazy Queen of Lebanon
With claims fantastic as her own,
Her tireless feet have held their way ; '*
And still unrestful, bowed and gray,
She watches under Eastern skies,
With hope each day renewed and fresh,
The Lord's quick coming in the flesh,
Whereof she dreams and prophesies.
Mr. Whittier had not heard that she had
returned to her native land when Snow Bound
was written.
The poet beautifully throws the mantle of
charity over her in the conclusion of his sketch :
It is not ours to separate
The tangled skein of will and fate,
To show what metes and bounds should stand
Upon the souls debated land,
And between choice and Providence
Divide (he circle of events.
But He who knows our frame, is just,
Merciful and compassionate,
And full of sweet assurances,
And hope for all the language is,
That He rememberefih we are dust.
P. P.
At one time (continues the Post) we find her
in Egypt giving our late consul, Mr. Thayer, a
world of trouble arising from her peculiar no-
tions. At another time we see her amid the gray
olive slopes of Jerusalem, demandingnot beg-
gingmoney for the Great King ; and once
when an American, fresh from home during the
late rebellion, offered her in Palestine a handful
of greenbacks, she flung them back to him
with disdain, saying: The Great King will only
have gold! At one time, years, ago, she
climbed the sides of Mount Libanus and visited
Lady Hester Stanhope, that eccentric sister of
the younger Pitt.
One day they went to the stables where Lady
Hester had a magnificent collection of Arabian
horses, for it is well known that Lady Hester,
amongst her other oddities, married a Sheik of
the mountains, and thus had a fine opportunity
for securing the choicest steeds of the Orient.
Lady Hester pointed to Harriet Livermore two
very fine horses with peculiar marks, but differ-
ng from each other in color. That one,
said Lady Hester, The Great King, when he
comes, will ride, and the other I will ride in
company with him. Thereupon Miss Liver-
more gave a most emphatic No, and de-
clared, with foreknowledge and aplomb, that
the Great King will ride this horse, and it
is I who, as his bride, will, at his second
coming, ride the other horse. It is said that
she carried her point with Lady Hester, over-
powering her with superior fluency and asser-
tion. No wonder Whittier speaks of her as
----startling on her desert throne
The crazy Queen of Lebanon
With claims fantastic as her own.
She seems to have been at some time a visitor
to the home of Whittier, for in his almost inim-
itable poem, he speaks of her at the fireside,
where on
that winter night
Flashed back from lustrous eyes, the light.
Unmarked by time, and yet not young,
The honeyed music of her tongue
And word9 of meekness soarcely told
A nature passionate and hold,
Strong, self-concentred, spuming guide,
Its milder features dwarfed beside
Her unbent will's majestic pride.
She sat among us, at the best,
A not unfeored, half-welcome guest,
Rebuking with her cultured phrase
Our homeliness of words and ways.
* * * 4c 4>
A woman tropical, intense
In thought and act, in soul and sense,
She blended in a like degree,
The vixen and the devotee.
4c 4c 4< * 4c
Her tapering hand and rounded wrist
Had facile power to form a fist;
The warm, dark languish of her eyes
Was never safe from wraths surprise.
Brows saintly calm and lips devout
Knew every change of scowl and pout;
And the sweet voice had notes more high
And shrill for social baltle-ory,
Such is the rather novel name of a large
handsome and ably opened democratic news-
paper in Concord, New Hampshire; in outward
appearance certainly behind no paper in that
state, and for a political journal, so far as yet
appears, a model of good taste in manners and
morals. And no state more than New Hamp-
shire needs a good example set in these respects.
The first page of the number before us is filled
with well-selected articles, religious, moral and
miscellaneous, adapted to family use and im-
provement ; but when we turn over, the scene
changes, and old, dark age, petrified democracy
appears in all its dreary proportions, only re-
deemed by decent dress and behavior, and comi
mendable ability; which, it must be confessed]
are a great deal in these degenerate days. On
the question of suffrage the People says :
The right of suffrage is a sacred and an inestimable,
right. The ballot is the potent sceptre of the sovereign
people. By its resistless power the people make Presi-
dents and all other officers, and decree constitutions by
which their agents and themselves shall be governed.
The right of suffrage, therefore, should not be tampered
with. It should not he degraded. It should not be
corrupted. Bribery of the voter is a high moral
as it is a political crime. It poisons the fountain
head of a free government. But it is equally crim-
inal to degrade suffrage. It is criminal to cheapen
it by bestowing it upon an ignorant, barbarons and
brutal people of another race.
So far we agree, only add, no matter what
color that race may be, or from what country ;
or of what sex. The People proceeds a little
lower down :
Ignorance and brutality, invested with suffrage, will
commit errors and outrages, and bring that great sov-
ereign right of the people into disgrace and contempt.
Then society, in order to protect itself, will have to con-
trol the right, perhaps to abolish it, and vest the exer-
cise of the sovereign power in (he hands of a few, or
perhaps in a monarch. These are the dangers of negro
The People all this time, then, is talking
about four millions of a colored race, in a na-
tion of thirty millions. We may have to
change from Democracy to Monarchy to
control these four millions! Never were four
millions paid so high a compliment before.
Shades of Miltiades and Leonidas, look to your
laurels! Four millions of nigger slaves, up-
turning the mightiest republic ever builded,
and compelling it' into a monarchy! O, no!
not so bad as that, let us hope and pray. The
People is young yet, and will get wiser as it
grows older.
New Hampshire was lost to the democrats
last March, only by their damning the nigger;
and the party seems determined to go the same
road next November.
We are absolutely compelled to decline mtny
excellent articles for want of space. Great
thoughts are struggling for utterance on e\ery
hand. We need at least a semi or tri-vreekty | o

3lb* §Uv0jutintt.
do our friends the justice we would. As soon
as our circulation will warrant, we shall either
enlarge in size, or change from the weekly to a
more frequent issue.
The Schoharie Republican figures thenatioDal
indebtedness, including all just dues to loyal
-parties, that is, the town, city, county and
state demands, at more than four billions of
dollars, and says with terrible truth, probably,
that all the gold and silver now in coin on the
whole earth could not cancel it. The Repub-
lican makes a pretty parody on Sydney Smiths
schedule of British taxation, as follows :
Taxes must embrace the price of every article that
enters the month, clotnes the back, or warms the feet;
I on everything consoling to the taste, smell, feeling, hear-
ing and seeing ; taxes on heat, emigration, machinery
and l:ght; taxes on the sea, ocean, earth and air ; on
everything grown at home or brought from afar ; taxes
on the crude material and its iocreased value by the
improvement of art; taxes on the drug to restore man
to health and the sauce to glut bis appetite; taxes on
coffee, sugar, tea, fish and oysters, and the man that
sells them ; taxes on rum, gin, beer and brandy, and the
drunkard that drinks them ; taxes on the steamboat^
telegraph, railroad, and the hands that made them ;
taxes on banks, lawyers, judges, and butchers, aud their
bleeding victims; taxes on bonds, mortgages, deeds and
notes, and the misers that hold them ; taxes on the garb
that decks the king, and tbe hemp which hangs the rebel;
on tbo queens spice, and the paupers salt; on the
brides wreath, the shroud of the corpse, and the nails
of the coffin.
The schoolboy glides on bis taxed skates ; the dandy
runs his taxed horses, with a taxed snlky, on a taxed high-
way ; and the dying American takes his nostrum, which
has cost five per cent., from a spoon that paid fifteen
per cent., falls back in expiring agony on a settee that
paid twenty-five percent., and dies in the presence of'
bis physican, who paid ten dollars for a license to ease
his departure. Then his whole estate is immediately
taxed from one to five per cent., alter which his name is
handed-down to future generations on taxed marble ;
then he goes to his last resting place to be taxed no
The Philadelphia Board of Controllers of
Public Schools are endeavoring to make a law
that hereafter, no woman shall be eligible to
the office of Principal of a boys Grammar
School. When they have done that, they should
also enact that there be henceforth no more
new moons, the old in its last quarter answer-
ing all their own and their fellow-owls pur-
The Cincinnati Gazette relates that one Burns,
clerk in the Collectors Office at Cincinnati, re-
cently discovered, in the dead of the night, a
lot of whiskey being transported into a (house
on Sycamore street, in that city. The next
morning he reported to the Collector, who told
him to keep still, and that whiskey would he
nabbed by the officers. It was not nabbed;
and, a few nights after, the clerk saw more
whiskey going to the same place. This tome he
reported to Special Agent Worthington, who
said he was glad to receive the information,
and promised to act at once. But he did
not act. So Bums, being advised by others,
wrote a statement of the facte, and sent it to
Commissioner Hollins, at Washington. In a
few days he received a reply from the Treasury
Department, dismissing him from his place.
The Gazette adds, that Mr. Bums is a a re-
spectable, well-known gentleman, and an honest
man, who endeavored honestly to do his duty,
and prevent the government from being swin-
Instances have not been wanting before of
subordinates being dismissed for this tale-tell-
ing out of school. Could all the clerks in
Washington be heard and believed, both women
and men, as to outrages constantly perpetrated
and proposed there,' the people, irrespective of
sex or party, would rush in righteous wrath
upon their Capitol, and hurl tbe government
from place and power, co3t what it might.
The British lion has beat George Francis Train. He
writes to the Express that he is now in prison for life.
This is a sad change from the defiant tone of his lormer
epistles, in which he promised that Warren and Costello
should at once be released through his intervention,
after which he was coming home to run for the Presi-
dency on an Insh democratic platform. We suppose
the truth is that the Tammany politicians, who have
always had a great deal of influence with the British
crown, have had Mr. Train incarcerated so tbathemight
not run against the regular democratic candidate this
fall. As soon as the election is over, so that he can do.
them no mischief, they will have him released again!
and he can either stay in England and prosecute his
claim for damages against the British government, or
return to America and attend to his gigantic specula-
tions, and advocate the cause of temperance and Wo-
mans Suffrage. But a candidate ior the Presidency in
1868 he cannot possibly be.iV. 7. Sun.
There has, no doubt, been foul play with this
noble, generous man ; and we feel it is the
duty of government to interfere in his be-
half. So far from his being in debt to English-
men, they are in debt to him hundreds of thou-
sands of dollars. We hope to see that govern-
ment made to pay damages for thus interrupt-
ing a peaceful citizen in the prosecution of his
lawful business. If George Thompson had a
right to come to this country aud rebuke us for
our oppressions of tbe African race, has not
George Francis Train an equal right to rebuke
England for her oppressions of the Irish race?
A Gbjsat Queen.Queen Isabella, of Spain, weighs
A5Q pounds*
The Peoples Weekly.This is an able
paper, and devoted to the interests of labor
and the working people. It is published both
in Baltimore and Washington. It is, we fear,
a little too far south in its tone and spirit. Its
New York correspondence has this on a recent
Labor Meeting in Cooper institute :
After Gen. Cary came Mr. Heywood, of Boston, who,
notwithstanding I is acknowledged ability as a speaker,
made a very flat failure, and disappointed tho friends of
the Labor Reform movement, by taking occasion to
canonize John Brown, and deify those paid agents of
British commercial rivalry, Wendell Phillips and Wm.
Lloyd Garrison. His remarks cast a wet blanket over
the meeting.
We differ entirely from the Weekly as to the
remarks of Mr. Heywood, and we deny utterly
its right to insinuate anything so false of Wm.
Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips. History
is already taking care of John Brown. He
stands, and will stand the sublimeet moral phe-
nomenon of the nineteenth century. Slavery
like that against which he drew the sword,
might have been tolerated thirty or forty cen-
turies ago, but light or lightning, thought or
thunder will prove too omnipotent for it to-day.
A Working people's paper can do better service
to its clients than to be apologizing for slave
labor, or defaming its most valiant opponents.
Education in Kansas.Probably Kansas has
one of the best school systems in the union.
The Atohisou Press says i Every 16th and 36th
section is school land, amounting to three milr
lion acres. The public schools and school
buildings are superior to many in other states.
And women vote on all educational questions,
too. Besides the State University at Lawrence,
with 46,000 acres, the Agricultural College,
Manhattan, with 90,000, there are six universi-
jtiesj one college, two institutes, two academies,
'and one female academyall of which are lib-
erally endowed.
The tendency of American, as well as English legis-
lation, Is toward greater protection to tbe rights and
property of married women.Exchange,
Lord Chancellor Eldon said that a shrewd
lawyer could drive a coach aud horses through
a statute. This has proved true of progressive
legislation in America. Here have conservative
judges and the paid ingenuity of advocates de-
feated the effect of noble laws. For instance,
in New Jersey, a statute was carefully drawn,
giving to married women Hie exclusive posses-
sion of their property; but the courts,.by a
close construction, held that it gave them no
power to dispose of their estate, by will or (we
believe) otherwise. "When some of the women
of New Jersey petitioned this year that this
matter might be set right by another enactment,
the Legislature slighted the request made for
those who had no votes. The power behind the
throne is greater than the throne. We have no
throne' here, but to make enactments effective,
we must have a power behind the law. That
power must be the vote of those for whose bene-
fit the law is made, so that they can control
and compel its execution.
Wisconsion Spiritualists.The recent State
Convention adopted the following, among other
' Resolved, That we hold these truths to be self-evident:
That all men and women are created equal, and endowed
by their Creator with unalienable rightsamong which
are .life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and that
all governments not founded on the principles of equal
rights, regardless of sex, color, or nationality, are relics
of barbarism, and ought speedily to be changed.
Resolved, That educated suffrage, without distinction
of color, sex, or condition, must be tbe basis of all free
Resolved, That the political parties of the present day
do not represent our highest idea of the duties and mis-
sion of politics. A new political organization is by the
times imperatively demanded, which shall take the
highest moral integrity for its chief corner-stone, and
shall give us statesmen who will not fail us in the hour
of our need.
A new political party is loudly called for in
almost all directions. It will not be long in
Southern Suffrage.Ex-Gov. Orr, of Soutli
Carolina, in his Valedictory Address to the
people of the state argued wisely and well in
favor of qualified colored suffrage. He says it is
idle to expect any relief in regard to universal
suffrage from the democratic party. If the
Southern governments are declared void, the
states will be left in a condition of anarchy. If
the Supreme Court declared them unconstitu-
tional, he asks what Constitution will be m
force, and what officers reinstated? Rejecting
such a man as Gov. Orr and his counsels, and
putting the like of F. P. Blair in nomination,
reveals plainly enough the spirit and purpose of
the democratic party.
Maggie Mitchell will enter the contest for
prizes at the Savannah boatr&e*/


Cost of Getting Governed.Somebody
figures up the following for the benefit of tax-
payer, and tax-payers can easily believe the
sum is done right.
The United States government is the most expensive
in the world. Great Britain, with an army three times
as numerous as our own, rn immense navy, a royal
family to tr'ze care of, and with many other expendi-
tures of which, we have no counterparts, spends less
money for the support of her government than we do.
Interest on British debt for 1867, $128,807,270. Interest
on United States debt for 1867, $113,781,591.
The United States debt is almost one-half less than
that of Great Britain, yet we paid as interest $14,971,321
more than she did. The same year Great Britains civil
service expenses were $41,098,095, and our civil service
bill, the same year, was $51,110,027. The total Cost of
the British government for 1867 was $335,303,418. Total
cost of the United States government same'year, $346,-
Temperance and Hygenic Lecture by George
Francis Train.A printed lecture has come to
The Revolution, delivered by Mr. Train at
St. Anns Water Cure Establishment, Ireland,
well worthy the attention of all lovers of good
health. It is too lengthy for our columns, al-
though it has height and breadth in full propor-
tion. We hope to make room for liberal extracts
next week.
Antonousauser Kastanopoulo is the name of
a Cretan heroine who commands 500 .men,
smokes cigars, is pretty, and fights the Turks
face to face with the bravest of the Cretan host
Woman no longer has to face the knock down
argument that if she votes, she must fight
She is fighting first, and can now claim the bal-
lot because she fights.
A New Traffic.A newspaper itemisabroad
telling that a Minnesota woman, Mrs. Myrick,
milliner of Ouatonna, lately sold her sixteen
years old and beautiful daughter to a Chicago
fancy-goods dealer for $2,000, in payment for an
old debt. The girl heard of the transaction,
and with her lover, a likely young fellow named
Odell, eloped, were pursued, arrested and
brought back, but the infamous sale which the
mother contemplated was stopped.
London, June, 1868.
Ediicrs of the Revolution :
Why the Frenchman should say our Free-born Brit-
tons insular prejudices pi event his taking a proper
modicum of pleasure, and further that the little he does
condescend to take he enjoys but sadly, is quite beyond
the comprehension of your correspondent, considering
that he has just assisted at three great National pastimes
within the ro 11 of as many days. The first unbending of
our bow was in strict conformity wifii the practice in-
troduced and consecrated by the jurists of 1835, who,
-led by Lord Brougham in repealing the 42d and 43d
of Elizabeth of blessed memory, declared poverty to
be a crime, denying the right of life to all who could not
oxist up an their own resouroes, righteously enforcing
the precept, by empowering correctional law, to punish
such culpable misdemeanor. So on Monday last,
backed with such brave authority, and finding a Pauper
in the streets, not dressed exactly a la mode, we took
advantage of the occasion, and for such a worthy cause,
we carried Gods image through our public' thorough-
fares, until it was quite worn down and all but finished
with our mercies. On Tuesday, this was a joy to be re-
gretted, iu that it was a pleasure of the ills we shall never
again behold, except when blessed by the sheriff pricking
us on the jury panel, this delectable amusement is now
reserved for a seleot audience. As Jack Ketch has finally
sported with the grim king iu public, the finality made
the incident rather solemn, and threw a gloom over our
sperts, but, nil desperandum, we were there in force and
hanged a man, On Wednesday (Carnival of Carnivals)
we had the Derby to stimulate our refined tastes in
criticising horseflesh. A'ter such a programme, finish-
ing up with the Oaks on Friday, but one days rest in-
tervening for recruiting who will dare aver we not
pleasure happily. In the delights of our first little affair,
we found the Beadle of Ratcllffe work-house materially
helped our sports, by assuming the roll of caterer for our
amusements. In playing his part, his wit conceived a
sublime idea, which never can again be lost, but must
go down to our posterity for the especial delectation of
Bumbledom, and the terror of daring poverty in all times
to come. I will not kill thee, said a certain button-
less hypocrite, to an offending cannine specimen, but
I will call thee mad dog. On this hint, our Beadle not
only spoke, but acted with decision, when finding naked
on Monday morning a poor wretch, who after the usual
bath in f:ouzy wrath, dirty water, and the night on the
boards at casual ward, had torn up his ragged clothing,
that no longer hold their seams, but in lieu tbereof, kept
hordes of vermin, refusing to further pester his sore
flesh with the remnants of a suit and live*stocked war-
ren. He bad dono the deed in hopes oi bettering by the
change, believing, in great delusion, worse fate impos-
sible. Maugre his general knowledge of Bumbles, usual
appreciation of casuals, he little suspected him of this
last refined sensation. He was quickly and forceibly un-
Now the tearing up process is a frequent practice here,
and must be checked in our vagabond population, the
vicar and the squire both say so, and they know what
should be done. More than this, this vagabondage is ever
teeming on us from theagricultraldistricts, characterless
and destitute. Poor waifs and strays, they endure their
wretched habiliaments, until canvass suits of sail-cloth,
a visit to the magistrate and consequent twenty-one
days in prison on bread and water fare, utterly fail to
deter them, trying a change for cleanlinesssake and a
short rest Irojn their parasitical tormentors.
There was a saying now almost obsolete and lost in the
dim mists of obscurity, together with the personages
acling in the drama, still it is recorded somewhere, that
somebody said once to somebody else, I was hungry,
and ye fed me ; thirsty, and ye gave ms drink ; naked,
and ye clothed me; a stranger, and ye took mo in!
which being modestly disclaimed by the hearers, the re-
ply was, Forasmuch as ye did it unto the least of these
(thepoor), ye did it unto meye are worthy of heaven.
Although here it is, it scarcely matters, as our poor law
guardians discern much wiser than to follow out such
womout precepts, they know it to be a crying evil to
haye the poor always with us, and therefore peremptorily
give orders to put it down, and if possible, sit upon it
constantly as they'do weekly. Would to God some one
would sit on them. Parliament has tried, but it is not
heavy enough. They are irrepressible.
Now our Batcliffe Beadle profiting by and bettering
this instruction, clothes this hungry* naked biped before
alluded to, in the regulation canvass, but having in his
earlier days slyly fostered a little artistic caste, just to
smooth the roughs of life with, fresh revived also from
recently visiting the Royal Academy, he dislikes the dead
sameness of the grey sailcloth. It offends his tutored
eye, so trying his more than prentice band, he facetiously
designs a small embellishment or two to ornament his
protege the Casual, with threefold object in view, en-
livening the appearance of the pauper, while punishing
his contumacy by compelling him to run the gauntlet of
public derision, and so amuse the gaping mob. Oh, we
did so enter into the game ( It was glorious sport to fol-
low and race the hunted wretch until he was spent out
and breathless. What is that about the frog and the
boys? the fun to you is death to me. But no odds^
wo had nearly done him as he could not have gone much
farther, when that ever-meddling, consumed ass, the
Marquis Townsend, interfered and spoilt our game,
taking the damned dog before a magistrate, while to
m ake atrocity worse atrocious, he summoned the Beadle
also, who, in fronting the bench, modestly assured his
worship that the objects on the casuals dress wore his
own conception, and innocently grinning, mouth open
f rom ear to ear, declared that he thought it very proper
a vagrant pauper should turn out, or be turned out in
public, with Rascal Jack tattooed in large red char
acters upon his dress in front, kept properly in coun
tenanceby Scamp on one log with Skulk upon
the other,, and as a chef do euvre with a delicate
irony, and a malice decidedly unintentional, to put upon
his back the true and quaint device, Idle Jack from
the country. The magistrate, Paget, reproved the
Beadle for his levity, regretting he could not punish him
as the law noted not such an offence. Consistently only
should it. Our rule is to put down crime, and what so
oriminal as poverty? So our Beadle, now famous for
ever, passed from the eourt innooently smiling in self
approving consciousness that he had done his to his
parish, saving the taxes to the credit of parochial su-
pervision and economy.
Now Tuesdays fun was a trifle clouded. The authori-
ties evinced a shade of fear in their military prepara-
tions, and kept their matters mighty close and secret,
after respitng Brrrett twice, we had dropt all hope of
seeing his neck wrung, but our tones were not so base as
to be guilty of holding the promise to the ear and break-
ing it to the hope. Although a little spiced with cowardice
they nevertheless did their duty, but we had to' watch
them close, and none hut those who kept their optics in-
tensely strained could learn the laws intention in the
matter. Those who Cld so were well rewarded for their
efforts, as they were treated to seeing and hearing the
dying speech, protest and confession of the failure of
the public gallows in England. A confession making
one tact clearly and painfully apparent, in the gathered
scum underneath its beam, that this educator ot our
morals in its healthiest days had never reached the
power of being deterent to the careering storm of vice
and crime ever sweeping through our civilized and'
Christian land, although for ages, serpent-ike, it has fas-
cinated e\ 11 doers, drawing them within its dire em-
brace to death, it foils in curing. Effectually to stem
this torrent of wrong in its impetuous course requires at
our hands gentler yet stronger measures than mere re-
pressive law alone to turn it in more healthy streams.
Let philosophers and philanthropists preach an end
to, and cease depression, and possibly in time we may
come to need not repression, as tne people would rise
to virtue for its ease and rest. On this occasion let us
hope it may repress our Fenians, though I fear iZ
nought else he offered Ireland hut the death of her sods,
who, however wrongly bent, are sttil her martyrs, tha
this alone will be all too bare and barren of hopeful
fruit. A truce to moralizing. Let us record that the
votaries of Epsoms games contributed to swell the oc-
casion, giving us great help in this our primal pastime
and festive scene. We had with us a large sprinkling of
the itinerant wretches, and the peregrinating roughs, fresh
from gambling heath and race-course tuff. Then there
was that special preyer on the country flat, who, save
for cowardice and those vile jails, would himself have
been a burglarthe thimble-rigger, lees and dregs, who
assembled in and on the enclosures and barricades
below, while the supernatant liquor of betting swells
and titled blacklegs adorned the guinea window-scats
above, all alike eDjoying the rare treat as a superadded
foretaste of the morrows joys in watching goaded horse -
It is not the intention to record with living graphic-
ness the million-told tale, from the judges mockery of
praying mercy on the culprit's soul to the condemned
sermon, when he is preached at to the death-drop, the
sickly-Iooking parson with his stereotyped lips repeat-
ing Hell and damnation in strange commingle with
soul, grace and mercythe sicklier mummery of
the sheriffs shaking bands with and professing regards
for the doomedthe beastly executioner and his beast-
lier workthe preceding silencethe heavy thud(he
laughthe criticisms of connoisseurs in hangingaud
all is over.
Enough! There is nothing awful in it. Tis full of
frightful horrors. The class that need it not are terror-
stricken and mortified. They stand agtiast at poor hu-
manitys grossness. The dangerous one to whom it
should be a spectacle of reproof, gibe atrocious jests at
the dangling corse.
I shall not describe the Derby. I shall confine my*
self to a point or two, as for instance, there was but
three who met with their death, and there are but about
twenty wounded in the hospitals, while there were but
about a hundred or so that were foolish enough to be
caught at pocke-picking, and have rightly got throe
months each for their stupidity ; while the Marqui3 of
Hastings, who owes £100,000 on the turf and wont pay,
managed to make the public believe his horse was first
favorite* whilst secretly he betted against it, coolly net-
ting £60,000. But then that is not robbery ; and if it
was, he is a nobleman, or otherwise* like some vulgar
welcher, we should lynch him in a horse-pond.
Meanwhile, the lord at Castle Darrington will attend the
Lords, and vote, as in duty bound, against tke Irish
Church Repeal bill. He is safe for heaven, as ho holds
nine livings himself, and so has the prayers of that
number of persons. Of necessity that must cover the
robbery of the people at a thousand Derbys in pleasure-
taking, moral England.
Mrs. Ltvesey, wife of Rev. William Livese^, supplied
the pulpit oi the Methodist church of Middletown, Mass.,
in the absence of her husband* on Sunday* week before

lUvfltutifltt. 1
(gittjuwiat §jqrortmflrt.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOB SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. Am&'iean Froducts and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immiqrants. At
lanlic and Pacific Oceans for AMEBIC AN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Sired emanci
paied from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Besuscilate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Ft'ancisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners' at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Fathei' Land.
VOXi. IL NO. 3.
Translated from the Revue Des Deux Mondes of May for
The Revolution.
{Concluded from last week.)
States which adopt a paper currency are al-
ways led thereto by the mistakes of their gov-
ernments. Nations generally buy abroad only
what they can purchase by the ordinary ex-
change of their products ; otherwise they are
not slow to perceive that they run to their ruin.
They would be obliged to settle the difference in
precious metals ; and if they do not themselves
produce these, they are forced to entrench upon
their specie reserve, which is always preju-
dicial. It has been said that, after all, the
precious metals are like any other merchandize,
that one-can but gain by exchanging them with
other products ; hence a superficial theory.
When we investigate deeply we soon find that
money is a merchandize of peculiar quality ;
that a oertaiu quantity of it must be in posses-
siona quantity necessary to the working of
businessand that when this indispensable re-
serve is encroached upon, it is not alone the
several millions of money which is missing, it
is the base on which all the commercial edifice
rests which is shaken. It happens sometimes,
indeed, that nations, trammelled by an exagger-
ated commercial movement, find they have not
sufficient means, that they have appealed or
resorted too freely to credit. Such are the
epochs of a crisis ; but tbey do not delay to cor-
rect themselves their own excesses, and they
should never report to paper currency*' in
order to abate their expenditure beyond the
measure of their power. If they reach this
point, it is because their governments, spending
much beyond their resources,, commence by
borrowing, to cover up deficitsborrow at
home and abroad ; and when credit becomes
difficult to obtain, and it is still necessary to
them in view of urgent wants, to procure ex-
traordinary resources, have recourse at last to
a paper currency ; then they take the money of
the banks, render themselves responsible for
the fiduciary circulation of these institutions,
and end by issuing paper directly for them-
selves. This is the history of the United States
during the war of secession ; it is that of Russia
since the Crimean war, and even before ; it is
that of Austria since the agitations of 1848 and
1849 ; it is that of Italy, in fact, since 1866. As
to Turkey, she is in a normal situation, which
has for permanent cause the ruinous financial
system of that country.
Paper currency, once established, it is not
easy to return. It is an evil which draws
in its immediate train another much greater
In consequence of a paper currency all com-
mercial relations are compromised. Less is
produced and exchanged, ior the simple rea-
son that there is no medium of exchange of
a nearly fixed value which can be counted on.
Nothing is. subject to more variation than paper
money, even while it is limited and has its
guaranties, for the reason that, having no value
of its own, it is dependent on the opinion that
each one has of its guaranties1 sell to-day at
a depreciation of ten per cent, of this money,
and I establish my price in consequence ; if I
grant delay in payment, it may be that when it
shall expire the depreciation may be fifteen or
twenty per cent. ; then I receive five or ten per
cent, less than I expected to receive. On the
other hand, if I am buyer, and the inverse
effect is producedthat is to say, paper money
returns to parI pay ten per cent, more than I
wished to pay. We can see that in this situa-
tion commercial relations may be very difficult'
and much limited. The manufacturer or the for-
eign merchant could, indeed, by vigorous strict-
ness escape from the influence of the variations of
paper money in his relations with countries
where this forced currency exists. He has only
to stipulate ior his sales as for his purchases,
that all business transactions shall be settled
in metal money, with a fixed exchange ; but this
plan is not easy to practice, and besides, would
not obviate the difficulty. The buyer or the
seller, in countries where paper currency exists,
not being able to escape the variations of ex-
change, willinquire always, before entering upon
any operation at home or abroad, as to tbe risks
that he may run during the continuance of his
operation, and if these risks are too great he will
abstain. It is thus by the existence of a paper
currency that foreign commerce as well as inter-
nal commerce is paralyzed, notwithstanding,
industrial and commercial activity can alone
furnish to embarrassed governments the neces-
sary resources to make good their paper money
and retire it from circulation. They turn in a
confusing circle. In proportion as tbe situation
is prolonged, the abyss deepens, and tbe diffi-
culties of exit increase. Thus we see govern-
ments in a state of permanent bankruptcy
and ever in quest of new loans to settle the
interest of the old ones. It is yet to be seen
that tbe day will come when credit shall fail
them entirely, and that lime is not far distant,
for already there is more hesitation in lending
to them, and they borrow at rates of interest
more and more usurious. At that time they will
be obliged to do resolutely that with which they
should have commenced, if they had any idea
of the difficulties of the futurethat is to say,
to have recourse to taxation. This method is,
doubtless, painful, it is heroic, it calls more than
any other method con the attention of the
country to its own affairs ; but what is the evil
if we only desire useful means? The plan of
loans and paper currency is the plan of bad go-
vernments, of those which have something to
conceal, and whose policy is not inspired by the
true interests of the nation. Let any one inter-
rogate the country par excellence* of liberty
that country where all things are done in the
light of day, where nothing is undertaken before
the nation has been consulted in every form
England. In that country, when a measure of
general interest is decreed, when it is necessary
to make warin order to save the national honor
or influence, they do not hesitate to impose ex-
traordinary taxes for the necessary sums. Thus
the finances are admirably regulated; they
know no deficit; there is every year an excess
of receipts which is applied to reduce taxes, or
to diminish the public debt Needy states be-
lieve they have saved all if they have only suc-
ceeded in contracting a debt abroad^ They do
not reflect that it is a means of embarrassing
themselves the more, and is the worst of all the
means to which they could have recourse. They
must pay the arrearages of these debts ; and the
prejudice which will result from them may be
compare d to-the effect of absenteeism in Ire-
land. Capital will be produced in Russia, in
Italy, in Austria, and it will be spent in France,
Sn England, in Holland, as that of Ireland is
spent in England.
We are not one of those who believe that
the debt of a state does not impoverish
the country where it is contracted from the
moment that it is spent. We leave this the-
ory to the inventors of modem political eco-
nomy. We make a great difference between
the proprietor who receives the rents and the
tenant who pays them ; but, debt for debt, we
should prefer to see the debt in onr country at
a higher rate of interest than abroad at a less
rate. The arrearages, at least, then would not
go from among ourselves. It is certain that ex-
cept in the case of absolute interdiction, foreign-
ers have alv ays a faculty for buying the public
funds of these, loans. Nevertheless, there is a
great difference between the facilities which are
afforded in the one and the other case. While
the debt is contracted abroad it is stipu-
lated payable in all the principal markets in
specie, at a fixed exchange, while if the debt is
made at home, the same advantages are not
given; the foreigner then remains exposed to
tbe difficulties of negotiation and variations of
exchange, and is little disposed to risk his sav-
ings. Such are the causes and inconveniences
of a paper currency, which has contributed more
than anything else to the excessive increase of
our specie reserve. Let us pass to a last con-
sideration. It seems absurd to state that our
specie reserve accrues even by reason of the
development of tbe fiduciary circulation.
Ordinarily the contrary takes place, neverthe-
less this is the precise fact In the ratio
that specie is seen to be flowing into the
Bank, as it has the effect to strengthen the
guarantee on which the fiduciary circulation
reposes, the public is anxious to take bank
bills, money more convenient and more
easy of transportation than specie; and so it
happens the Bank of France is made a veritable
bank of deposit, like those of Amsterdam and of
Hamburg, confining itself to exchanging bills
for specie. There are people who, in view of
this treasury of 1,150,000,000, see there the most
magnificent perspectives fer developing at some
future date our fiduciary circulation. They
imagine already that in preserving the ordinary
proportions (or relations) we can arrive at two
and a half billions of bank bills. This is also
an error. Fiduciary circulation is only at 1,250-
000,000, because the specie circulation is too


abundant for the actual wants ; the country is
saturated with it; the surplus diverts itself
thence to the Bank of France, but that is alto-
gether a transitory condition. The treasury
cannot remain at 1,150,000,000; it must de-
crease sensibly sooner or later ; and when the
time shall arrive the circulation must decrease
with it, or at least it cannot augment. At the
figure where it is it satisfies fully all wants ; and
if it develops more it would then expose at a
given moment to a contraction as much greater,
and which would not be without danger. Thus,
the political uneasiness overspreading *Europe
the high tariffs of the United States, which close
to us a great commercial outletthe forced
currency of bank bills in different countries
finally, the development of the fiduciary circu-
lation itself by the substitution of bills for
speciesuch are the causes, and there are no
others, which have brought about this prodigious
specie reserve. It remains now to inquire
to what extent this billion of which we speak is
disposable, and what we may expect of it for
the future.
Lately, in an official document, the Minister
of Finances said that we must not consider
the money which composes the reserve of the
Bank of France as indicating 1,000,000,000 out
of employment. He spoke, no doubt, with
reason. The treasury ought to correspond to
the fiduciary circulation, and as that circulation
reaches to-day .1,250,000,000, it is very evident
that a much stronger reserve is required than
when our-cireulation was only 700,000,000 or 800, -
000,000 ; but he might have added, that if this en-
tire billion is not disposable, a part ol it at least
is, and that large retrenchment could be made on
1,150,000,000 in specie as guaranty for 1,250,-
000 of bank notes without any kind of danger,
and without increasing too much the rate of
discount. And so that which is transpiring in
the Bank of France- is only a symptom of the
situation. Is it supposed that our only dis-
posable capital is that which is accumulating at
the Bank of France? Everywhere else it
abounds. The Credit Fonder and other credit
institutions, overflow with it at one per cent. The
treasury issues orders on short' demand credit
at two per cent., and the stagnation of capi-
tal is felt in other great cities as well as in
the capital. In times df abundance the Bank of
France is only a thermometer ; if its treasure
diminishes by 200,000,000 or 300,000,000, this
does not indicate that this sum alone is wanting
to the country to create equilibrium with its
wants. It indicates only that it has not an
exact idea of its wants, which surpass in a mea-
sure greater or less its disposable resources. In
the same way these 600,000,000 or 700,000,-
000 in excess, which the bank holds to-day, are
only a symptom of the state of the country.
They prove that the disposable resources surpass
the actual wants, in a proportion of which the
excessive specie accumulation of the bank is
but one symptom. These are the points which
we must consider when we would judge wisely
of the situation, and give an exact explanation
of the billion in the Bank of France. The fact
is still graver than it appears to be, precisely
because it is only a symptom. What must we
understand, then, by tbe disposability of these
resources, and by the rate of discount at two
and a half per cent. ? Does it mean that they
are willing to lend at this price, and that there
are no takers? Assuredly no. The 600,000,-
000 or 700,000,000 too much in the vaults of the
bank, the 1,000,000,000 and more which exist
elsewhere are not disposable at two and a half
per cent. If we only sought to find takers for
this mass of capital, which is called disposable
because it is inactive, they would not be want-
ing. There are always people in quest of capi-
tal to risk in business more or less doubt-
ful. It is precisely such risks that capitalists
shun to-day. They have accepted them, alas !
too often, and what they desire now is security
rather than profit. The evil will never be com-
puted which the deplorable failures, both foreign
and French (which have engulfed enormous
sums), have caused to the spirit of enterprise.
Homage has been rendered to the energy of
men who took control of these speculations ;
they have been congratulated on the impulse
which they have given to industrial and com-
mercial activity ; on the progress which was its
consequences. This was just, if we consider
only one side of the question. Capital is never'
employed, save in very rare cases, in a manner
wholly useless. M. Haussman spends to-day
hundreds on hundreds of millions to rebuild
Paris accordiug to his fancy. It is evident that
he will create for us a superb capital with mag-
nificent arteries (or avenues), and very delight-
ful squares (or parks) ; but there is a reverse to
the medal, and this reverse is, that in order to
accomplish this transformation he will have de-
stroyed much property, pushed to excess the
city laws, created an artificial (working class),
and anticipated the revenues of the city for sev-
eral years. Is the balance between the useful
and mischievous side in favor of the useful ?
We must be permitted to doubt this.
Already we feel the extreme embarrassments
of this situation, and it is to be feared that the
future will reveal them still more ; but what the
Prefect of the Seine has done with an unheard-
of imprudence is nothing compared to the
amounts spent in foolish enterprises at home
and abroad. Who can $ay what results have
reacted on France through the speculations
of the Credit Mobilier and its foreign enter-
prises, organized almost entirely with French
capital? What have the Spanish and Portu-
guese railroads, the real estate and other specu-
lations brought back to us ? The Governor of
the Bank of France, in his testimony at the
examination of tfie fiduciary circulation, estab-
lished on given statistics, that 1,000,000,000 and
more had been lost in all these speculations, and
he did not then know the extent of the ruin. It
is not certainly too much to say that one and a
half billion of capital has been thus entirely an-
nihilated. This computation is assuredly start-
ling ; it is of a nature to make an impression on
the mind, notwithstanding it is nothing by-the
side of the moral evil which has resulted from
it To-day, business affairs are in a bad and
difficult position. Politics have a very great
share, as we have shown, in creating this condi-
tion of things, and this part is constantly in-
creased by all the rumors which are in circu-
lation ; but politics are not alone responsible,
and the failure of the grand enterprises which
have excited so foolishly the public admiration
is in a great measure the cause of the present
evil. A burnt cat dreads cold water says
the proverb. Capitalists, frightened by the
losses they have suffered, dare not risk in any
direction. They prefer to remain inactive, and
this prolonged inactivity is more prejudicial
than the losses themselves. In fact, in a coun-
try which, like our own, in a normal season can
make one and a half billion of savings in a
year, the loss of a year of savings is not irre-
parable, if nothing is compromised beyond
that; but if to this one and a half billion we
must add the shaking of public confidence
for a longer or shorter time, then indeed the
evil assumes incalculable proportions. We do
not know what will be the responsibility of the
men who have directed these enterprises which
have ended so deplorably, when face to face
with their actions. The opprobrium which
they have drawn on themselves before the coun *
try is heavy, and one may say outside of all
moral considerations, and only in the-view of
material interests, that they have done more in-.
jury to business by the distrust they have caused
then they even benefltted it by any momentary
stimulus they were able to impart. An Eng-
lish periodical staled recently, that on the other
side of the straits the abundance of disposable
capital, and discount at two per cent., coincided
with the fall in a great number oi public stocks.
It is the same with us. If one glances over the
list of values on the Bourse, one sees that many
of them are lower then they have been when
money was scarcer and dearer. Let us take the
rentes for example. Can we say that there
it is not a manifest contradiction, to find on one
side a billion of treasure in the Bank of France,
and on the other side the stocks quoted at
sixty-nine (paying nearly four per cent.%
that which has been at eighty-four, even
under the empire, and on the eve of the Italian
wax, was at seventy-five. The bonds of rail-
roads guaranteed by the state, and by the re-
sources of companies having a good or consider-
able premium or promised reimbursement, are
found paying near five per cent. Other stocks
perfectly secured, pays five, and a half to six
per cent., and those which are doubtful are not
wanted at any price. These are significant
symptoms of the distrust of capitalists. One
would say that capital is plethoric or burden -
some, it is true, but it is a plethora of a pecu-
liar nature. It does not seek, as in other in-
stances, larger remuneration, on the contrary,
great profits axe what capitalists this time
shun. Capital seeks only one thingsecurity; and
until it has it, or believes it has it, it prefers to
remain absolutely inactive, and contents itself
with a less interest than two per cent, tor a
short engagement. While thus waiting, savings
are not produced, and we are like a capitalist
who lives on his capital. The Minister of
Finance, in the document of which we spoke
above, said that we may recognize by other in-
dications (than those of the treasury of the
Bank) that the disposable savings were con-
siderable. We do not know where he finds
these indications, for foreign commerce remains
inactive, and the indirect revenues for the first
six months of 1868, did not produce even what
they produced during the last year, which was
itself an unfavorable year! we might add more.
We know, on good authority, that the pay-
ments into the savings banks, which during the
year 1867 were still increasing, have since the
commencement of this year decreased! The
withdrawals of money have been greater than
the deposits. It is a grave symptom which
ought to attract the serious attention of the
government. We can remain indifferent in a
certain measure to the losses which have been
suffered by speculators at the Bourse, and to the
billion and a half which has been engulfed in
financial disasters ;these evils, great as-
they may be, do not penetrate to all classes of
society, and the masses of the nation (for which
let us be thankful) are still strangers to them ;
but (the inactivity of the arms or manual inac-
tivity) the prolonged inertia, in spite of the high

46 t&fee gUMltttitftt/
price of alimentary commodities, is a calamity
which attacks the life of the people at its source.
The government is certainly full of solicitude
for the working classes, it occupies itself with
the amelioration of their condition, it compre-
hends that a country where the working classes
suffer, or where they have not the well-being
which ought to result in public wealth,is a
country which lacks equilibrium in its social
existenceand yet, notwithstanding, by a singu-
lar contradiction, it exposes itself to all which
can endanger its well being. It makes arma-
ments which produce uneasiness, arrest work,
and weaken the finances. It forgets that the
greatest strength of a country is that which resides
in the contentment of all classes, in the sentiment
which attaches them to the institutions which
govern them. If, under a pretext of protecting
them from dangers, more or less imaginary, it
commences by ruining them, it exposes itself to
the gravest errors. Said one to Doctor Quesuey,
in the Anti-Chamber of the court of Louis XV.,
With halberds, one has power against all op-
position. Yes, he replied, but who carries
the halberds ? It is important, that he who car-
ries the halberd be content with his position ;
he must not have any legitimate cause of com-
plaint, then he stands fast resolutely and with
a determination that defies all attacks. It will
be said, perhaps, that it is not in the power of
our government to calm all uneasiness, that it
is not we who have put the questions, more or
less irritating, which hold all Europe in sus-
pense ; and that it is not in the power of our
government to escape them, that it can only
show its good-will in favor of peace, but must be
prepared for all eventualities. It is unhappily
true, and it is the sad consequence of what has
been done in the past. However, it must be ad-
mitted, that the agitation of Europe to-day is
founded on the idea that France is not content,
that she does not adhere to the changes of 1866,
to the aggrandizement of Prussia, aud that she
is preparing for retaliation. Furthermore, cov-
etousness is everywhere excited. Russia says
to herself, that she could profit by a new con-
flict, by at last putting into execution her sec-
ular policy,Prussia, that this would be an oc-
casion lor her to reanimate German patriot-
ism, and found United Germany ; the Poles
revert to their lost nationality, and Austria
dreams of the return of her power in Ger-
many. All this is aroused by the idea
which is attributed to France of undoing what
was done in 1866: The word Peace, to find any
echo to-day, must be spoken by France, but by
France giving to her word the guarantees of po-
litical liberty. One thing is certain, that were
the nation consultedalthough regretting the
events of 1866, she would not change them at
the cost of war. She attaches too high a value
to the maintenance of peace, and besides, she
does not ieel herself seriously wounded in her
dignity norin her power. If this voice of the
nation could manifest itself freely, and make it-
self felt more than it does in the acts of the gov-
ernment, then the question would he changed,
and the attitude of Europe would be entirely
different Why does Europe remain distrustful
iu spite of all protestations? Why has she not
been more reassured by the circular of M de
Lavalette in 1866, after Sadowa? Why do not
the pacific declarations of the chief of state, and
those of the ministers, many times repeated, re-
assure her. Because she feels that there is not a
sufficient counter-balance to the inspirations
which might at any time sway the government.
The future of out affairs is to-day hound up with
the future of liberty. There was an epoch after
1852, when these two things pursued an entirely
divergent course. Our affairs arranged them-
selves with the more confidence the farther
they were removed from thoughts of liberty.
This, strange situation lasted until the war with
Italy. After that war, after the concussion
which it caused in Europe, the people saw at
once the dangers of personal power, and then
the two diverging ways reapproaohed eacn other.
They touch now, and it should indeed be so, for
political liberty would not be what it is, would
have only a metaphysical value, if it were not
the first guaranty of the tranquillity and prosperity
of states. Let Europe but be assured that she
sees clearly into the destines of the future,
and immediately the Billion of the Bank of
France will find employment and will cease to
bean embarrassment. In glancing lately over
the verbal process of the international money
conference, which took place last yeara
propos of the universal expositionwe read a
singular statement offered by the American del-
egate. It appeared from this statement, that
from the commencement of this century to near
the end of 1865, 15,465,000,000 francs of gold
money had been stamped in the United States,
France, and England, of which nearly three
quarters, say 11,015,000,000 francs have been
stamped since the discovery of the gold mines
of California and Australia, that is to say,
since 1851. These figures at first seem fright-
ful, and we are led to ask how the world
has been able to absorb such a great quantity
of precious metals, without trouble in its
commercial relations, without sensibly de-
preciating the money standard or the symbol of
its value ; however, lest we should reflect on
this, we hasten to remember that this surfeit of
precious metals is far from being in proportion
to the development of business. It is supposed
generally, that there was in Europe and America,
before the discovery of the mines, about 30,000,-
000,000 of precious metalsas much gold as
silver. These eleven additional billions which
we will carry to fourteen or fifteen, if desired
taking into account the coin which may have
been stamped elsewhere than in the three coun-
tries indicated, production of the mines of Rus-
sia, and of the coining of silver (which has been,
compared with the rest, of little importance)
these fifteen additional billions have not increased
more than about one-third the previous specie
circulation. During this time what has been
the progress of business ? It has more than
quadrupled. There have passed to us for foreign
commerce at least from two to seven bi1 lions,
and for the operations of the bank from one-half-
billion to eight billions in 1866. It then follows
that with an increase ot one-third in specie, we
have four times the amount of transactions. This
explains why at different intervals during twelve
or fifteen years, and notwithstanding the abund-
ant yield of the mines, we have seen the metals
so scarce and so valuable. In 1863 and 1864,
also, the mines had already thrown into the
market eight or nine billions, and nevertheless
the amounts in the reserves of the Bank of
England and the Bank of France, had never
before fallen to so low a figure. All sorts of
expedients were invented for remedying the de-
ficiency, and it was publicly demanded that they
should make a larger draft on credit, by increas-
ing the number oi bank-bills. It is not the two
or three billions, which have since been added
to the circulation, which have so changed the
state of affairsneither is it the perfection of
: the means of credit. This perfection exists
without doubt, but it existed also in the past,
and it concided with a scarcity and a value cor-
responding to that of specie. What has modi-
fied the situation,(we must repeat it)that
capital much in demand thenis not so now, for
reasons that we have shown, and that paper
money has taken, in the circulation of some
countries, a more prominent place than ever
known heretofore. How can this he changed?
It is necessary that confidence should be restor-
ed, and that business should be animated with
energy. When the-time shall come that Europe
shall no- longer expend herself in armaments
and preparations for war, when she shall employ
her time and money in making useful and pro-
ductive things, in paying regularly her debts,
without being obliged to borrow anew, when that
period comes, then the forced paper currency will
no longer be necessary os it is to-day, and it will
give place somewhat to specie circulation.
When we think of Jibe ten or twelve billions of
this paper money, with which we are brought
into relation in business, we see what a margin
is presented for the accumulation of the precious
metals. I wish to believe entirely in the perfec-
tion of the credit system, in the grandest means
of economizing the precious metals, iu the estab-
lishment in France of the Clearing House of
England and the United States, nevertheless,
all these means will not hinder a greater absorp-
tion of specie, from the single fact of the devel-
opment of business. The annual increase of
the amount of business with us has been on an
average, for seventeen years, fifteen per cent.,
and that of specie, one-half to two per cent
only. Let business continue to develop in the
same ratiolet the progress be even less, not
more say than eight or ten per cent., while the
increase of specie may he still from one and a
half to two per cent., and we shall be sheltered
from all monetary depreciation, even if making
an increased appeal to means of credit. Thus,
then, let us be calm. We .are not threatened at
short notice, either with a depreciation of the pre-
cious metals, nor with too great mi abundance of
capital for which we shall not have use. That
which rather threatens modem society, is in-
sufficiency of capital in relation to the wants
thereof. The domain of production is immense,
unlimited ; every year it increases, thanks to
the applications of science, and requires more
capital; but tranquillity aud faith in the future
are essential, and this taith, the industrial and
commercial world will not possess, until it shall
be assured, that in the political world, nothing
will be attempted, which shall not conform to the
interests and wishes of the people, nothing which
can surprise them suddenly. We see people
who in presence of this fatality, which seems to
lead to war, cry, Well, let us have it as soon as
possible, that it may cut off all the impending
difficulties. We shall, perhaps, afterward, have
an assured peace. They forget that war never
decides anything, and raises qestions which it
cannot solve. It will suffice for their conviction
to recall to them the history of the past, and
even more recent experiences. What has been
decided by the Crimean war, by that of Italy or
of Germany ? Difficulties on the contrary were
born, and accumulated after each one of them.
To-day, it is only political liberty which can solve
these questions. Victor Bonnet.
Talk among the Broken in Wall Street.


lord Cornwalliss settlement of thw erie
The talk among the brokors is about tbe gang of
swindlers that concocted the fraudulent alteration of
Railway certificates, aud the question is who are they
and tbeir banking and sto age firms in league with
them ? Everybody wants to know who is
Is he a Professor of Divinity or of physic to strengthen
the souls of Wall street brokers for their journey to
Paradise by lightening them of their loose cash. Is the
Professor a chemist, or a New Yorker or a German or
" what is it? Was ho ever in the
when triplicate warehouse receipts were flying about the
market ? The question is who was it that
out of about $100,000 in 1857 or 1858, and then ran away
to Europe ? Who was it that obtained Bills of Exchange
on duplicate bills of lading, and after that was smart
enough to sell even the seconds of Exchange? Who
was it that started the
in 1808 or 1864, which was a concern that pretended to
restore old files and make them as good as new. Did
the mechanics of tbe Russell File Company, say that the
concern never did $5,000 worth of business, but that
enough to obtain from tbe Superintendent affidavits they
were earning $30,000 a quarter. By this and similar
false statements did he induoe shrewd capitalists to buy
the stock. Were
and other first class men, victims of the Professor's wiles
and the
The talk is that the factory of tbe Russell File Com-
pany was up town, and as the process of refiling the old
files was a dead secret or rather a dead beat," no one
was allowed to enter the building unless they bad an
and even then certain parties were not to be admitted
unless accompanied by him. The total force of the
Great Russell File establishment consisted of five men,
but when the stockholders wanted to visit tbe place, or
a committee was appointed to go up town, then a mes-
senger was posted off iu advance to engage some fitly or
sixty men by the hour, so that when the innocents
appeared they might be humbugged with tbe sight of
the enormous business transacted there, and according-
ly the committee would report a flourishing business at
The talk is that the Professor found the stock so valu-
able, and so much in demand with first class buyers,
that he kindly accommodated them with about ten
thousand shares ol the Russell File stock issued in ex-
cess of that which the law allowed.
The talk is that the
are always returned marked, no funds," and that his
wifes dressmaker got one for a thousand dollars and the
paying teller of the Mechanic's marked on it
The talk is that the Professor has negotiated mortga-
ges on
and was assisted in this by one of the
and the Professor is said to boast openly that he pays the
interest regularly on one of these fraudulent mortgages.
The talk is that tbe Professor has bought tea and coffee
which he sends to
and raises money on
declaring them to be forgeries, when tbe victimised
money lenders come to him to complain.
sold him 2to bags of coffee, but fortunately did not de-
liver them, and
had a narrow escape with about 500 chests of tea. The
talk is tha t the Professor is the
of the ago, and that he beats the clique leaders hollow
The talk is that
for making gold cheap, by putting a tax on the sales, is
one of the
has yet flashed off in the
and the question is are the
of gold. The talk is that the noble Lord has had &
with the clique who tried to come a little sharp game on
him, but virtue is its own reward," and i( blessed is
the end of the righteous man" even in Wall street. The
talk is that
and that
and his friends are getting in and that Chaplain Hatch
is beginning to feel nervous about the market and how'
he will be able to get along with North-West wben
that be has had a card printed of tbe comparative earn-
ings of North West and other railroads made to snit
so that bis North West shall look very cheap, but
the thing don't work very well as buyers of North-West
in the eighties are'rather scarce. The talk is that the
don't make much headway with his attempt to
that the company is ready to lot him subscribe and bave
their stock as soon as ho is ready to pay for it. The
talk is* that the
is in a bad way, that
and the other members of the clique, are each trying to
get out on their own hooks, but tbat they all watch each
other so closely it is a difficult matter to do.
was quiet and easy throughout the week at 3 to 6 per
cent., the bulk of transactions being at 3 to 4 per cent,
on call. The weekly bank statement is more favorable.
The loans are decreased $1,239,213, while the deposits
are increased $3,819,608, and the legal tenders $3,016,-
003. The specie is increased $1,163, and the amount
now held by the New York city banks is $20,399,031.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
July 11
Loons, $284,147,708
Specie, 19.230,348
Circulation, 34,068,202
Deposits, 224,420,141
Legal-tenders, 68,631,542
July 18 Differences.
$$282,915,490 Dec. $1,232,218
20,399,031 Inc. 1,153,683
34,004,111 Dec. 64,091
228,130,759 Inc. 3,810,608
71,647,545 Inc. 8,016,003


was strong and advanced throughout the week. The
fluctuations in the gold market for the week were as
follows r
* Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 11, 141 141% 140% 141%
Monday, 13, 141% 141% 141% 141%
Tuesday, 14, 142% 142% 141% 141%
Wednesday, 15, 142 ' 142% 141% 342%
Thursday, 16, 142% 142% 142% 142
Friday, 17, 142% 143% 142% 143%
Saturday 18, 143% 144 143% 143%
Monday, 20, 143% 143% 143 143%
was active and firm, is the early part of the week, but
at the close the market weakened and declined, owing
to the sudden advance in the price of gold. The quo-
tations arc, prime bankers sixty days sterling bills
110% to 110%, and sight 110% to 110%. Francs on
Paris bankers long 5.12% to 5.11%, and short 5.10%
to 5.10. On Saturday some German prime bankers
were selling freely at 110 for sixty days, and 110% for
sight sterling, drawn against shipments of bonds and
A Weekly Newspaper, published in the city of Buffalo,
New York, at $2 per year, strictly in advance, and de-
voted to the cause of universal freedom throughout the
world ; the propagation of American Institutions, from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Gulf of Mexicos to
the North Pole; as well as to the general interests of the
Great American People, the Freedom of Ireland from
the accursed usurpation of England, and the welfare of
the Irish race on this Continent and in Europe.
is the cheapest Weekly Newspaper in America, and
gives all the current news of the day, home and
foreign, It is, in addition, essentially a family jour-
nal, always containing some thrilling story, and such
selections, original and otherwise, as cannot fail to in-
struct and delight both old and young. As its name
indicates, it is the friend and advocate of Fenianism,
and the consequent champion of human freedom and
fair play all the world over.
can be had of the different News Companies of New York
and Chicago, etc., or direct from this office.
P. ODAY, Publisher,
Buffalo, corner Main and Terrace.
was unsettled, and prices were irregular, with frequent
fluctuations, though at the close of the week there was
an improved tone in the leading stocks, especially in
New York Central, Toledo and Wabash, and North West
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 46% to 48% ; Boston W. P., 10% to 18 ; Cum.
Coal 33 to 34% ; Quicksilver, 23% to 24 ; Mariposa, 4 to
6 ; do preferred, 9 to 9% ; Pacific Mail, 101% to 101% ;
Atlantic Mail, 24 to 29%; W. U. Tel., 35% to 35% ;
New York Central, 134% to 134% ; Erie, 68% to 68% j
do. preferred, 74 to 75 ; Hudson River, 138 to 139 ;
Reading, 95% to 95% ; Wabash, 51% to 52 ; Mil. & St.
P., 69 to 69% ; do. preferred, 82% to 82% j Fort Wayne*
110 to 110% ; Ohio & Miss., 29% to 29% ; Mich. Cen.,
116% to 118% ; Mich. South, 91% to 92 ; 111. Central,
151% to 152 ; Pittsburg, 87% to 88 ; Toledo, 102% to
102% ; Rock Island, 107% to 107% ; Northwestern, 82
to 82% ; do. preferred, 82% to 83.
were more active, with a good demand for the foreign
bonds. The general indications are, that in the ensuing
week the business' both for foreign and domestic bonds
will be increased, with a general advance in prices
throughout the entire list. There is an actual borrow-
ing demand for the 1862s and the old 1865s.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881,113% to 114 ; Coupon, 1881 114 to 114% ;
Reg. 5-20, 1862, 109% to 110 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1862, 114
to 114% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, lllto 111% j Coupon,
5-20, 1865, 112% to 312% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865 Jan. and
July, 109 to 109% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1867, 109% to 109% ;
Reg. 10-40, 107% to 107% ; Coupon, 19-40, 108% to
108% ; July, 7-30, 108% to 109 ; August Compounds,
1865, 118% ; September Compounds, 1865, 118 ; October
Compounds, 1865, 117%.
Musical boxes,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments;
Voix Celestes (Celestial Voices), Orgonooleides, Mando-
lines. Expressives, Picolos, Bells, Drums, Castinets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable.
They are fine ornaments lor the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions for the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
M. J. PAILLARD & CO Importers, No. 21 Maiden
Lane (up-stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
wo^ld. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
he had of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
484 Broadway, New York.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by 28.
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point,
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp. *
Also a full set of
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11,
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
fortbe week were $1,434,759 in gold against $1,785,586,
$1,645,097 and $1,605,958 lor the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise forthe week $4,680,442 in gold
against $4,463,244, $3,550,662, and $5,263,899 for the pre.
ceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie, were
$2,317,411 in currency against $2,452,698 $3,113,579
and £2,660,477 for the preceding weeks. The exports,
of specie, were $2,094,138 agaiest $3,947,891 $2,277,532
and $2,530,134 for the preceding weeks.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on* easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sals in Monmouth County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MENS AND BOYS CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and diupatch, by the
Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
No. 1 and 3 THIRD AVENUE,
(Opposite Cooper Institute.)
CENT, per annum, free from tax, will be paid to de-
positors on and after July 16, 1868.
DIVIDENDS not withdrawn will draw interest from
July 1.
DEPOSITS made on or before July 20, will draw inter-
est from the 1st.
SIX PER CENT, free from all tax on ALL SUMS from
$5 to $6,030.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President
T. W. I/TT.t.te, Secretary, j 2-3
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
D. D. MoKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
Notary Public, New York.
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
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moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
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Please call or send your orders.
20 North William street.
18-1 y New York,
No. 15 Beekman St, New York.
Up-Town, New Store,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
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and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following:
prices : 4 grades, $129, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
Up-Town, New Store,