Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
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|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. II.NO. 5. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 6, 1868. WHOLE NO. 31.
!)f ftfMlntian.
.ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) ,3,,,
PARKER PILLSBURY, ) iljrtitols*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 FARE ROW (ROOM 20.)
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE.
Pete, bobo, N. Y., August 1, 1868.
Dear Revolution : We forgot to tell you
in our letter last week that wo met a Mr. Briggs,
of Albany, who has just invented a new kind of
oil for lamps, as pure and beautiful as kerosene,
without its dangerous explosive qualities. He
asked us if you would mention his discovery to
your readers. We told himjudging from your
gossiping, loquacious habitswe thought you
would. As the words that fall from your lips
are not only words of wisdom, but worth their
weight in gold (or greenbacks, according to our
financial policy;,' of course he will reward you
for all such public services.
We are still in Peterboro, basking in the
smiles of our beloved kinsman, who ever
dwells in a sunny, genial atmosphere, which
ho most generously shares with his friends.
Few mea, who have been as active as he
has in all the reforms of the day, steadfastly
battling for freedom in thought and action
through a long life (for he is now in his
seventy-third year), have preserved the gentle,
loving spirit, and the unbounded laith in the
goodness of man he has. It is rather startling
for those who have their hate and love, their
contempt and indifference towards certain per-
sons and classes of the human family, all
fenced in separate enclosures, like wheat, pas-
ture and swamp, to be praised or abused as
their own personal angel or devil may see fit,
to hear Mr. Smith speaking with affectionate
tenderness of all alike.
He is greatly distressed with the severe criti-
cisms on our noble Chief-Justice, especially
from Beecher, Phillips and Douglass. He re-
gards this wholesale denunciation of our best
men as a national calamitythis destroying of
mans faith in man as most demoralizing to the
people. If we believe not in man whom we
have seen, how can we believe in God whom
we have not seen ?
The home of Gerrit Smith is a charming
spota resting-place for weary saints. The
.country is bold and beautiful, with its grand
hills, rich valleys and bubbling brookswith
its mountain air, pure water, and the music o f
its birds. His spacious house, built by his
father nearly a century ago, is a model of archi-
tectural beauty. About thirty acres of land im-
mediately round the house are tastefully laid
out in orchards and gardens .with rare fruits,
Vegetables and flowers, with gravel walks,
f ountains, hqt-lWWP; conservatories and grape-
ries. A little brook, with its light ivy-covered
bridges, winds through the pleasant walks,
cooling the air and charming the silence with
its sweetest 9ong. On the banks of this little
stream, in one of the most quiet and shady
nooks, stands a mysterious-looking, cone-like
tabernacle covered with bark, with stained-
glass windows and a. rustic door. As you enter
this small octagonal sanctuary, you feel at once
a peculiar influence drawing you to the unknown,
the invisible. The strange, symbolical decora-
tionsthe table and two chairs in their weird
silence-seem to say, if we had but the gift of
speech we could such wonders here unveil as to
hold mortals spell-bound at our will.
We ventured to take a seat, and she with
whom we had strolled through the grounds
talking of the rich eventful past, followed our
example. And there we lingered long discours-
ing on .religion and the mysterious future ;
when, turning from thoughts of the dim and
shadowy land, we were struck with the pic-
turesque appearance and surroundings of the
companion by our side. In a tasteful, rustic
frame-work sat this beautiful woman, just in the
prime of life. She was dressed in pure white,
with no ornament but that of a meek and quiet
spirit, and a bunch of forget-me-nots upon her
breast, her dark curls, sprinkled with grey,
falling on one shoulder, and her soft eyes gaz-
ing upward with the depth of expression that
reveals spiritual insight.
This is Ann Fitzhugh, the wife of Gerrit
Smith, and this is the place where she com-
munes with the invisible world, with the
spirits of just men and women made perfect
through suffering. Here she leads Davis and
Harris, and discusses the doctrines of modern
spiritualism, in which she is a firm believer.
Although Mr. and Mrs. Smith have for seve-
ral years been alike throwing off the shackles of
the old Calvinistic theology, yet while one has
been tending towards spiritualism, the other
has been embracing a more material philoso-
phy ; while one finds comfort for the sin, ig-
norance and misery about her, in the taith that
invisible powers are working for the final good
of all, the other looks to the discoveries of sci-
ence for the same result.
The liberty with which this wife asserts her
opinions and combats those of her husband,
and the kindness with which he accords her
the right to do so, furnishes a good example to
most men who think it a womans duty to have
no individual opinions, but to echo their hus-
bands, whether right or wrong.
The result of this is a freedom in the whole
atmosphere of the house, such as is seldom
found elsewhere. There is nothing so con-
tagious as liberty. We often have under this
roof Roman Catholics, Scotch Presbyterians,
Lutherans, Episcopalians, Baptists, Metho-
dists, Unitarians, Universalis!s, Deists, Infidels
and Atheists, all discussing their peculiar
tenets in loving charity together. Mr. Smith
is now having a theological discussion in the
American Presbyterian with the Rev; Albert
Barnes, the leading mind in the Presbyterian
denomination, on the origin of sin, the limita-
tion of. Divine power, and the authority of the
Bible. We have read the arguments on both
sides with great pleasure and profit. This cer-
tainly marks an era in our ecclesiastical his-
tory, when one of the shining lights in the
church condescends to discuss its dogmas with
a known heretic. Mr. Barnes writes with great
clearness and in a beautiful spirit, but the con-
troversy reveals the barrenness and gloom of
all our theological theories, as thus far set forth.
It would be much more profitable to the masses
if our leading minds would explore and expound
what they have the capacity to grasp ; to see,
measure, and weigh ; and not waste so much of
our lives, our thoughts, feelings, and emotions,
in the bewildering world of speculation, where
with our fears and fanciee, we find ourselves so
constantly left without chart or compass to find
our way back to solid land. When thinking-
men conscientiously set themselves to work to
solve the problems they can understand, we
shall make more rapid progress towards the
solution of these profounder mysteries we as
yet but dimly see. We had a pleasant surprise a
few days since in the arrival of Judge Elbert
Herring, from New York, a venerable gentleman,
who, though in the ninety second year of his age,
performed the long journey entirely alone. He
jumped out of the stage, and came as nimbly
up the piazza as if he had been forty years of
age. A younger man might have envied the
hearty welcome to the Judge, and all the kisses
showered upon him by the young beauties that
at once surrounded him. He was an able lawyer,
and one of the shining lights of Tammany fifty
years ago, and will probably vote for Horatio
(Nelson) Seymour in the coming election. Ala
though this is a strictly republican latitude,
where the women talk Negro Suffrage, and
the children wear Grant and Colfax badges, yet,
the democratic Judge has been the life of the
house and the centre of attraction while he re-
mained, taking part in all the games, discus-
sions, and repartee. He had his good stories to
tell at dinner, and was wide awake to all the wit
and fun that was flying. In the evening, when
we assembled in the large parlor, for music,
dancing, whist, and recitations, there too, the
lively Judge was perfectly at home. Mr. Smith
gave us some fine passages from Julius Caesar.
Substituting the name of Seymour for Caesar,
called forth great applause, iu the passages be-
ginning, You all did see that on the Lupercal,
I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which
ho did thrice refuse.
One of the young ladies gave some good imi-
tations of Fanny Kemble and Ristori. ThedeatU
scene of Queen Elizabeth, all pronounced well
done. A lad from Geneva, Bleeker Miller,
cited a description of th9 battle of Bannock-!
burn, written by himself a condensed and
vivid picture, that showed a groat deal of genius
in one of his years. A grand-daughter of i u


66 *
host, recited a poem in German, then up rose
the Judge, and said, I, too, will add something
to the general entertainment, and recited some
line passages from the British poets.
We noticed that the Judge retained, too, a high
appreciation of feminine beauty, and invariably
selected a sister of Gen. John Cochrane, ot New
York, to walk into dinner, for a quadrille, a
promenade, or a game of whist, in which game
ho was always victorious. The Judge, like
Train, neither smokes, nor drinks, nor chews,
nor lies, nor steals, nor swears no wonder,
with a clear conscience and good habits, he is
what he is, at ninety-two. There is something
very wrong in the lives of our men, when so
many are old at seventy, with their limbs
paralyzed, brain softened, and nervous power all
gone. And there is a good time coming for the
dear men, when women are educated in body
and mind, when elevated and enfranchised, they
shall be healthy, happy, and independent; then
there will be new life and force infused into
their sires and sons. And this is the law by
which we revenge our wrongs ; so long as
woman is degraded, she drags man down to her
level.
We were delighted to find here a base ball
club of girls. Nannie Miller, a grand-daughter
of Gerrit Smith, is the Captain, and handles the
club with a grace and strength worthy of notice.
It was a very pretty sight to see the girls with
their white dresses and blue ribbons flying, in
full possession of the public square, last Satur-
day afternoon, while the boys were quiet spec-
tators of the scene. We thought if the author
of the Spirit of seventy-six had ever visited
Peterboro, she would not have postponed the
good time of womans redemption to quite so
distant a future. We remember that here, ten
years ago, in a military company of young
white males, one black boy and one girl were
enrolled, and marched round the streets to the
tune of Hail Columbia sung by the band.
On last Sunday morning we had the pleas-
ure of preaching in the Free Church
on the Women of the Bible, to a large and
attentive. audience. At five, p.m., as is the
custom here, the congregation assembled to
criticise the morning discourse, where we had
quite a spirited discussion on the whole question
of suffrage for woman. At the close, a rising
vote was taken, which was almost unanimous in
the affirmative, only one maiden lady, and one
colored youth, Theodore West, rising in oppo-
sition. Walking in the cemetery that evening,
we found Theodore' wandering among the
tombs. We remarked to our kinsman, that he
seemed wholly given over to the dead past. Ap-
proaching him, Mr. Smith said, So you are
not willing that the women should vote. No,
sir, he replied. Why, we asked. Because/
saldhe, the Bible forbids it. But suppose,
we said, that women have lunatics, idiots,
drunkards, thieves, or murderers, for husbands,
or have no husbands at all, what then ? Theo-
dore thought a moment, and said, When I am
better informed, I will answer. e. c. s.
Working of the Income Tax,An exchange
says, a beauty of the present Income tax is,
that one man has,, say, forty thousand dollars
invested at seven per cent. Another man works
for a salary of, say, two thousand eight hundred
dollars per annum. Under the workings of the
Income tax, the latter pays precisely as much as
the other. But how, if the forty thousand
dollars are invested in untaxable government
bonds?
THE BIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONEORAFT1790.
CHAPTER IV.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE STATE OF DEGRADATION TO
WHICH WOMAN IS REDUCED BY VARIOUS CAUSES.
(Continued from last week.)
But, treating of education or manners, minds of a su-
perior class are not to be considered, they may be left
to chance; it is the multitude, with moderate abilities,
who call for instruction, and catch the color of the at-
mosphere they breathe. This respectable concourse,. I
contend, men and women, should not have their sensa-
tions heightened in the hot-bed of luxurious indolence,
at the expense of their understanding; for, unless there
he a ballast of understandings they will never become
either virtuous or free : an aristocracy, founded on prop-
erty, or sterling talents, will ever sweep before it the al-
ternately timid and ferocious slaves of feeling.
Numberless are the arguments, to take another view of
the subject, brought-forward with a show of reason; be-
cause supposed to be deduced from natnre, that men
have used morally and physically to degrade the sex. 1
must notice a few.
The female understanding has often been spoken of
with contempt, as arriving sooner at maturity than the
male. I shall not answer this argument by alluding to
the early proofs of reason, as well as genius, in Cowley,
Milton, and Pope,* but only appeal to experience to de-
cide whether young men who are early introduced into
company (and examples now abound) do not acquire the
same precocity. So notorious is this fact, that the bare
mentioning of it must bring before people, who at all
mix in the world, the idea of a number of swaggering
apes of men whose understandings are narrowed by
being brought into the society of men when they ongbt
to have been spinning a top or twirling a hoop.
It has also been asserted, by some naturalists, that
men do not attain their foil growth and strength till
thirty j but that women arrive at maturity by twenty.
I apprehend that they reason on false ground, led astray
by the male prejudice, which deems beauty the perfec-
tion of womanmere beauty of features and complexion,
the vulgar acceptation of the world, whilst male beauty
is allowed-to have some connection with the mind.
Strength of body, and that character of countenance
which the French term a physionomie, women do not ac-
quire before thirty, any more than men. The little art-
less tricks of children, it is true, are particularly pleas-
ing and attractive ; yet, when the pretty freshness of
youth is worn off, these artless graces become studied
airs, and disgust every person of taste. In the counten-
ance of girls we only look for vivacity and bashful
modesty ; but the springtide of life over, we look for
soberer sense in the face, and for traces of passion, instead
of the fUmpip.fi of animal spirits; expecting to see indi-
viduality of character, the only fastener of the affections.
We then wish to converse, not to fondle ; to give scope
to our imaginations, as well as to the sensations of our
hearts;
At twenty the beauty of both sexes is equal; but the
libertinism of man leads him to make the distinction,
and superanuated coquettes are commonly of the same
opinion ; for when they can no longer inspire love, they
pay for the vigor and vivacity of youth. The French
who admit more of mind into their notions of beauty,
give the preference to women of thirty. 1 mean to say,
that they allow women to be in their most perfect state,
when vivacity gives place to reason, and to that majestic
seriousness of character which marks maturity ; or, the
resting point. In yonth, till twenty the body shoots
out; tin thirty the solids are attaining a degree of den-
sity ; and the flexible muscles, growing'daily more rigid,
give character to the countenance; that is, they trace
the operations of the mind with the iron pen of fate, and
tell us not only what powers are within, but how they
have been employed.
It is proper to observe, that animals who arrive slowly
at maturity are the longest lived, and of the noblest
species. Men cannot, however, claim any natural supe-
riority from the grandeur of longevity; for in this re-
spect nature has not distinguished the male.
Polygamy is another physical degradation ; and a
plausible argument for a custom that blasts every domes-
tic virtue is drawn from the well-attested fact, that in
the countries where it is established, more females are
born than males. This appears to be an indication of
nature, and to nature apparently reasonable specula-
tions must yield. A further conclusion obviously pre-
* Many other names might be added.
sents itsolf; if polygamy be necessary, woman must be
inferior to man, and made for him.
With respect to the formation of the feetus in th
womb, we are very ignorant; but it appears to me prob
able, that an accidental physical cause may account fo
this phenomenon, and prove it not to be a law of nature
I have met with some pertinent observations on the s\ib*
ject in Forsters Account of the Isles of the South Sea
that will explain my meaning. After observing that of the
two sexes amongst animals, the most vigorous and hottest
constitution always prevails, and produces its kind; he
addsIf this be applied to the inhabitants of Africa,
it is evident that the men there, accustomed to polyg-
amy, are enervated by the use of so many women, and
therefore less vigorous ; the women, on the contrary,
are of a hotter constitution, not only on account of their
more irritable nerves, more sensitive organization, and
more lively fancy; but likewise because they are deprived
in their matrimony of that share of physical love which in
a monogamous condition would all be theirs ; and thus
for the above reasons, the generality of children are
born females.
In the greater part of Europe it has been proved by
the most accurate lists of mortality, that the proportion
of men to women is nearly equal, or, if any difference
takes place, the males bora are more numerous, in the
proportion of 105 to 100.
The necessity of polygamy, therefore, does not ap-
pear ; yet when a man seduces a woman, it should, I
think, be termed a left-handed marriage, and the man
should be legally obliged to maintain the woman and her
children, unless adultery, a natural divorcement, abro-
gated the law. And this law should remain in force as long
as the weakness of women caused the word seduction to be
used as an excuse for their frailty and want of principle;
nay, while they depend on man for subsistence, instead
of earning it by the exercise of their own hands or
heads. But these women should not, in the full mean-
ing of tiie relationship, be termed wives, or the very
purpose of marriage would be subverted, and all those
endearing charities that flow from personal fidelity, and
give a sanctity to the tie, when neither love nor friend-
ship unites the hearts, would melt into selfishness.
The woman who is faithful to the father of her children
demands respect, and should not be treated like a pros-
titute ; though I readily grant, that if it be necessary for
a man and woman to live together in order to bring up
their offspring, nature nevor intended that a man should
have more than one wife.
Still, highly as I respect marriage^ as the foundation of
almost .every social virtue, I cannot avoid feeling the
most lively compassion for those unfortunate females
who are broken off from society, and by one error torn
from all those affections rad relationships that improve
the-heart and mind. It does not frequently even de-
serve the name of error; for many innocent girls be-
come the dupes of a sincere, affectionate heart, and still
more are, as it may be emphatically termed, ruined be-
fore they know the difference between virtue and vice :
and thus prepared by their education for infamy, they
become infamous. Asylums and Hagdalens are not the
proper remedies for these abuses. It is justice, not
charity, that is wanting in the world I
A woman who has lost her honor, imagines that she can-
not fall lower, and as for recovering her former station, it
is impossible; no exertion can wash the stain away. Los-
ing thus every spur, rad having no other means of
support, prostitution becomes her only refuge, rad the
character is quickly depraved by circumstances over
which the poor wretch has little power, unless she pos-.
sesses an uncommon portion of sense and loftiness of
spirit-. Necessity never makes prostitution the business
of men's livos; though numberless are the women who
are thus rendered systematically vicious. This, however,
arises, in a great degree, from the state of idleness in
which women are educated, who are always taught to
look up to man for maintenance, and to consider their
persons as the proper return for his exertions to support
them. Meretricious airs, and the whole science of wan-
tonness, have then a more powerful stimulus than either
appetite or vanity ; and this remark gives force to the
prevailing opinion, that with chastity all is lost that is
respectable in woman. Her character depends on the ob-
servance of one virtue, though the only passion fostered
in her heartis love. Nay the honor of a woman is not
made even to depend on her will.
When Richardson makes Clarissa tell Lovelace that he
had robbed her of her honor, he must have had strange
notions of honor and virtue. For, miserable beyond all
names of misery is the condition of a being, who could
be degraded without its own consent! This excess of
strictness I have heard vindicated as a salutary error.
I shall answer in the words of LeibnitzErrors are


67
often useful; but it is commonly to remedy other
errors.'
Meet of the ovils of life arise from a desire of present
enjoy mont that outruns itself. The obedience required of
women in the marriago state, comes under this descrip-
tion ; the mind, naturally woakenod by depending on
authority, nover oxerts its own powers, and' iho obedient
vriio is thus rondered a weak, indolont' mother. Or,
supposing that this is nol always the oonsequonce, a fu-
ture stato of existence is scarcely taken into the reckon-
ing when only negativo virtues arc cultivated. For in
treating of morals, particularly when women ars alluded
to, writers have toff often considered virtue in a very
limited sense, and made the foundation of it solely
worldly utility ; nay, a still moro fragile base has been
given to this stupendous fabric, and the wayward, fluc-
tuating feelings of men bave been made the standard of
virtue. Yes, virtue as well as religion have been sub-
jected to the decisions of taste.
It would almost provoke a smile of contempt, if the
vain absurdities of man did not strike us on all sides, to
observe how eager men are to degrade the sex from whom
they pretend to receive the chief pleasure of life; and I
have frequently, with full conviction, retorted Popes
sarcasm on them; or, to speak explicitly, it hag ap-
peared to me applicable to the whole human race. A
love of pleasure or sway seems to divide mankind, and
. the husband who lords it in his little haram, thinks only
of his pleasure or his convenience. To such lengths,
indeed, does an intemperate love of pleasure carry some
prudent men, or worn out libertines, who marry to have
a safe companion, that they seduce their own wives.
Hymen banishes modesty, and chaste loye takes its
flight.
Love, considerod as an animal appetite, cannot long
feed on itself without expiring. And this extinction,
in its own flame, may be termed the violent death of
love. But the wife who has thus been rendered licen-
tious, will probably endeavor to fill the void left by the
loss of her husbands attentions ; for she cannot con-
tentedly become merely an upper servant after having
been treated like a goddess. She is still handsome, and,
instead of transferring her fondness to her obildren, she
only dreams of enjoying tho sunshine of life. Besides,
there arc many husbands so devoid of sense and paren-
tal affection, that during the first effervescence of volup-
tuous fondness, they refuse to let their wives suckle
their children. They are only to dress and livo to please
them : and love, even innocent love, soo fcsinks into las-
civiousness when tho exercise of a du y is sacrificed to its
indulgence.
Personal attachment is a very happy foundation for
friendship ; yet, when even two virtuous young people
marry, it would, perhaps, bo happy if some circumstance
checked their passion ; if the recollection of some prior
attachment, or disappointed affection, made it on one side, *
at least, rather a match founded on esteem. In that case
they would look beyond the present moment, and try to
render the whole of life respectable, by forming a plan to
regulate a friendship which only death ought to dis-
solve.
Friendship is a serious affection ; tho most sublime of
all affections, because it is founded on principle, and ce-
mented by time. The very reverse may be said of love.
In a great degree love and friendship cannot subsist in
the same bosom ; even when inspired by different ob-
jects they weaken or destroy each other, and for tho
samo object can only be felt in succession. The vain
fears and fond jealousies, the winds which fan the flame
of love, when judiciously or artfully tempered, are both
incompatible with the tender confidence and sincere re-
spect of friendship.
Love, such as tho glowing pen of genius has traced,
exists not on earth, or only resides in thoso exalted, fer-
vid imaginations that have sketched such dangerous pic-
tures. Dangerous, because they not only afford a plau.
slble excuse to the voluptuary, who disguises sheer sen-
suality under a sentimontal veil; but as they spread af-
fectation, and take from the dignity of virtue. Virtue,
as the very word imports, should have an appearance of
seriousness, if not austerity; and to endeavor to trick
her out in tho garb of pleasure, bocauso the epithet has
been used as another name for beauty, is to*exalt her on
a quicksand ; a most insiduous attempt to hasten her falj
by apparent respect. Virtue and pleasure are not, in
faot, so nearly allied in this life as some eloquent writers
have labored to prove. Pleasure prepares the fading
wreath, and mixes the intoxicating cup ; but the fruit
which virtue gives, is the recompense of toil; ana, gra-
dually seen as it ripens, only affords calm satisfaction';
nay, appearing to be the result of the natural tendency
of things, it is scarcely observed. Bread, the common
food of life, seldom thought of as a blessing, supports the
constitution, and preserves hoaltli; still feasts deligh
SfV0itiU0£ *
tho heart of man, though disease find even death lurk in
the cup or dainty that elevates the spirits or tickles the
palate. The lively, heated imagination, in the eame
style, draws the picture of love, as it draws every other
picture, with those glowing colors which the daring hand
will, steal from tho rainbow that is directed by a mind,
condemned in a world like this, to prove its noblo ori-
gin, by panting after uuattaiuable perfection ; ever pur-
suing what it acknowledges to be a fleeting dream. An
imagination of this vigorous cast can give existence to
iusubstantial forms, and stability to the shadowy reveries
which the mind naturally falls into when realities are
found vapid. It can then depict love with celestial
charms, and doto on the grand ideal object; it can
imagine a degree of mutual affection that shall refino the
soul, and not expire when it has served as a scale to
the heavenly ; and, like devotion, make it absorb every
meaner affection and desire, In each other's arms, as in
a temple, with its summit lost in the clouds, the world is
to be shut out, and every thought and wish that do not
nurture pure affection and permanent virtue. Perma
nent virtue! alas! Rousseau, respectable visionary 1 thy
paradise would soon be violated by the entrance of some
unexpected guost. Liko Miltons, it would only contain
angels, or men sunk below the dignify of rational crea-
tures. Happiness is not material, it cannot bo seen or
felt I Yet the eager pursuit of the good which every one
shapes to bis own fancy, proclaims man the lord of this
lower world, and to be an intelligential creature, who is
not to receive, but to acquire happiness. They, there-
fore. who complain of the delusions of passion, do not
recollect that they are exclaiming against a strong proof
of the immortality of the soul.
But, leaving superior minds to correct themselvos, and
pay dearly for their experience, it is necessary to observe,
that it is not against strong, persevering passions, but
romantic, wavering feelings, that I wish to guard tho fe-
male heart by exercising the understanding; for these
paradisiacal reveries are oftener the effect of idleness
than of a lively fancy.
Women have seldom sufficient serious employment to
silenco their feelings ; a round of little cares, or vain
pursuits, frittering away all strength of mind and or-
gans, they become naturally only objects of sense. In
short, the whole tenor of female education (the educa-
tion of society) tends to render the best disposed, ro-
mantic and inconstant; and the remainder vain and
mean. In the present state of society, this evil can
scarcely be remedied, I am afraid, in the slightest de-
gree ; should a more laudable ambition ever gain ground,
they may bo brought nearer to nature and reason ; and
become moro virtuous and useful as they grow more re-
spectable.
But I will venture to assort, that their reason will
never acquire sufficient strength to enable it to regulate
their conduct, whilst the making an appearance in the
world is the first wish of the majority of mankind. To
this weak wish the natural affections and the most use-
ful virtues are sacrificed. Girls marry merely to better
themselves, to borrow a significant vulgar phrase, and
have such perfect power over their hearts as not to per-
mit themselves to fcUl in love till a man with a superior
fortune offers. On this subject I mean to enlarge in a
future chapter ; it is only necessary to drop a hint at
present, because women are so often degraded by suffer-
ing the selfish prudence of age to chill the ardor of
youth.
From the Aame source flows an opinion that young
girls ought to dedicate great part of their time to noadle
work ; yet, this employment contracts their faculties
more than any other that could have been chosen lor
them, by confining their thoughts to their persons. Men
order their clothes to be made, and have done with tho
subject; women make their own clothes, necessary or
ornamental, and are continually talking about them;
and their thoughts follow their hands. It is not iudeed
the making of necessaries that weakens the mind; but
tho frippery of dress. For when a woman in the lowor
rank of life makes her husband's and cbildrens olothes,
sho does lior duty, this is part of her business ; but
when women work only to dress better than they could
otherwise afford, it is worse than sheer loss of time. To
render tho poor virtuous, (hey must bo employed, and
women in the middle rank of life, did they not ape the
fashions of the nobility, without catching their ease,
might employ them, whilst they themselves managed
their families, instructed their childron, and exeroised
their own minds. Gardeniog, experimental philosophy,
and literature, would afford them subjects to think of,
and matter for conversation, that m some degree would
exercise their understandings. Tho conversation of
French women, who are not so rigidly nailed to their
chairs, to twist lappets, and kuot ribbands, is frequently
superficial; but, I contend, that it is not half so insipid
as that of those English women, whose time is spent in
making caps, bonnets, and the whole mischief of trim-
mings, not to mention shopping, bargain-hunting, etc.,
etc. ; and If is the decent, prudent women, who are most
degraded by these practices ; for their motive is simply
vanity. The wanton, who exercises her taste to render
her person alluring, has something more in view.
These observations all branch out of a general one,
which I have before made, and which cannot be too often
insisted upon ; for, speaking of men, women, or profes-
sions, it will be found, that the employment of thfe
thoughts shapes the character both generally and indivi-
dually. The thoughts of women ever hover around their
persons, and is it surprising that their persons are
reckoned most valuable? Yet some degree of liberty of
mind is necessary even to form the person; and this
may be one reason why some gentle wives have so few
attractions beside that of sex. Add to this, sedentary
employments render the majority of women sickly, and
false notions of female excellence make them proud of
this delicacy, though it be another fetter, that by calling
the attention continually to the body, cramps the activ-
ity of the mind.
Women of quality seldom do any of the manual part
of their dress, consequently only their taste is exercised,
and they acquire, by thinking less of the finery, when
the business of their toilet is over, that ease which sel-
dom appears in the deportment of women who dress
merely for the sake of dressing. In fact, the observa*
tlon with respoct to the middle rank, the one in which
talents thrive best, extends not to women ; for those of
tho superior class, by catching at least, a smattering of
literature, and conversing more with men, on general
topics, acquire more knowledge than the women who
ape their fashions and faults without sharing their ad-
vantages. With respect to virtue, to use the word in a
comprehensive sense, I have seen most in low life.
Many poor women maintain their children by the sweat
of their brow, and keep together families that the vices
of the fathers would have scattered abroad ; but gentle-
women are too indolent to be actively virtuous, and are
softened rather than refined by civilization. Indeed the
good sense which I have met with among the poor wo-
men who have had fow advantages of education, and yet
have acted heroically, strongly confirmed me in the
opinion, that trifling employments have rendered woman
a trifler. Men taking her* body, the mind is left to
rurt; so that while physical love enervates man, as being
his favorite recreation, he will endeavor to enslave wo-
man : and who can tell how many generations may bo
necessary to give rigor to the virtue and talents of the
freed posterity of abject slaves ?t
Hi tracing the causes that in my opinion bave degraded
woman, I have confined my observations to such as uni
versally act upon the morals and manners of the whole
sex, and to me it appears clear, that they all spring from
want of understanding. Whether this arises from a
physical or accidental weakness of faculties, time alone
can determine for I shall not lay any great stress upon
the example of a few womon,? who, from having re-
ceived a masculine education, have acquired courage
and resolution; I only contend that the men who have
been placed in similar situations have acquired a similar
character, I speak of bodies of men, and the men of
genius and talents have startod out of a class, in which
women have never yet been placod. HEEiE-lii
* I ** take her body, says Banger.
t Supposing that women are voluntary slavesslavery
of any kind is unfavorable to human happiness and im-
provement.Knoxs Essays.
t Sappho, Eloisa, Mrs. Macauley, the Empress of Rus-
sia, Madame dEon, etc. These, and many more, may
be reckoned exceptions ; aud arc not all horoes, as well
as heroines, exceptions to general rules ? I wish to see
women neither heroines nor brutes ; but reasonable
creatures.
(To be Continued.)
The casual observer will easily scan,
That all inventive geoius is not found in man.
A mother and daughter residing in Buffalo, N. Y.,
aro both inventors. Tho latter, at the age of four-
teen, invented a Hair Crimpor, upon which, as a
new and "useful article, a patent has been granted
by tho U. S. The mother and daughter have also
invented a household article, combining eighteen in-
dependent.uses, for which application for patent h?g
been made. Machinery is now being prepared, andfftey
will soon commence the manufacture of these articles.
Before long you will hear and see more of womans in-
ventive genius and industry, as she comes to be the re-
cognized equal and rival of man in the sciences and in-
dustries of the age.


\
68 ~
WOMAN'S EIGHTS IN THE FIFTEENTH
CENTURT.
(Continued from our last.)
CHAPTER I.
God, the author and Father of all, created man in his
own image "hut he created him male and female. The
Eternal is magnificent in the abundance of favors with
which be enriched both the sexes. All the difference
which is made between man and woman is simply
physical j the command given to them as to all other
living creaturesto multiply "made necessary this
difference. In all else they are alike ; the soul of the
woman is in no respect of a different sex, from that
which animates man. Each has received a soul abso-
lutely, like that of the other, and of equal powers. Mind,
reason, the use of words, are gifts to woman as to man.
Man and woman were created for the same ends, and the
difference of their sex will make no difference in their
future destiny; for we read in the Gospel, Man and
woman after the resurrection will not marry nor be
given in marriage, but shall be as the angels. We
must conclude then, that as regards their souls, there
can be found in either no claim to supremacy over the
other! since on the contrary, each received in creation a
soul equal to that of the other in grandeur, nobility and
perfection. But if we study closely some other at-
tributes of the race, we shall find that in these points,
tho female sex is indeed elevated above the male sex.
And this it is which I shall endeavor to demonstrate
here, in a manner which shall make doubt impossible.
The means of which I shall avail myself to prove this as-
sertion, shall not be simply apparent reasons, or such as
are foreign to the subject; neither shall they be foolish
substitutes of logic, used by Sophists to embarrass their
listeners. But our proofs shall be founded on the testi-
mony of good authors, on positive facts and histories, on
solid reasons, on the authority of the Holy Scriptures,
and on oivil and canonical law.
First then, I will say that woman, as a creation, is
superior to man, since the name given to the first woman
is far more noble than that received by man. Adam sig-
nifies Earth, and Eve signifies Life. As much then as
Life is more elevated than Earth, so much the more
noble and perfect of the two creations may woman
bo regarded. It may be objected here, that I have no
reason to found my judgment upon the excellence of
objects by the name they bear. Now we know that he
who, having created all things from nothinggave to
them their distintive namesknew all things, before thus
naming them, and consequently, as he cannot make
mistakes, the names he gave must signify the nature, use,
and properties of the objects named. Such was in fact
the beauty of ancient names, as the Yeoman laws attest.
They were adapted to the objects which bore them, and
thus gave a clear explanation of their nature. For this
reason, proofs derived from names carry great weight
among Theologians and Jurists. It is thus that we read
in Scripture of Nabal, that his name implied that he
was foolish, and that folly accompanied him every-
where.' Saint Paul in his Epistle to the Hebrews,
wishing to show the excellence and superiority of Jesus
Christ above all the children of meD, proves it thus : To
Jesus Christ was given a name above every other name,
that at the name of Jesus, every knee should bowin
heaven, on earth, or in hell ( under the earth ). Add
to this, that in the law,-much regard is had to names,
which gives rise to questionings and disputes which it
would bo wearisome only to detail here. It is sufficient
to reiterate that proofs drawn from names are mighty in
jurisprudence. If the complaisance of-my readers will
not suffer me to give for the honor of woman such ex-
planation as I would wish of the name bestowed on her,
it will permit me at least to say, that according to the
mysterious characters used by Cabalists, the name of the
first woman holds much more relationship to the in-
effable name of God than that of the first man, which
has no resemblance to that of the Eternal, either in re-
gard to the characters with which it is written, or in
their number. But enough of this kind of testimony.
Few persons read this kind of literature ; fewer persons,
still understand it. Besides, it requires too much expla-
nation to be attempted here with profit.
"We now proceed to prove the excellence of woman by
reasons drawn from the very object itself; thatis to say,
from woman berself, her funclions and her usee. If we
examine the Scripture attentively, we shall see, starting
with the creation, how the origin of woman is most
noble. We see the difference in the creatures of God to
consist in thisthat some aie not subject to change and
corruption, and others are subject to both. Besides, we
leara that the order which th* Creator followed in the
%\u tfMlUtiOtt.
formation of these classes, was to commence with what
was most noble in the first class, and finish on the con-
trary with the most noble in the second olass. Thus we
see he first created angels and spirits I for it is the be-
lief of St. Augustin, that the soul of the first man was
created simultaneously with the angels, before the for-
mation of his body. Next he created incorruptible
things, the heavens, the stars, and the elements, which,
notwithstanding their incorruptibility, suffer many
changes. It is from the elements that all bodies are
found which are subject to corruptioncommencing
always with the lowest, and rising always by degrees to
the most perfect. Thus then, he formed minerals,then
vegetables, plants, trees, and all which has life ; after-
ward, he created animals commencing with reptiles, ad-
vancing to those which live in water, then tho^e which
inhabit the air, reaching finally the quadruped, which
walks the earth. God finished his work by the creation
of man and woman, whom he made in his own image.
He first made man, and -then woman, as being the
crowning piece and perfection of his work, and his
most magnificient ornament. In fact, we know of no
other creation after woman, she being, as it were, the
most excellent object created. She is to us the last for-
mation of Gods handwe know of no other created after
her. Woman being then the last object created, being the
end and perfection of all the works of the most high, who
can dispute her original excellence and grandeur. With-
out her, in fact, the universe would not have been en-
tirely complete, for we cannot suppose that the Almighty
finished a work so perfect as is the universe, by an in-
complete, inferior creation. In fact, all this great uni-
verse having been created as an extended and perfect
circle, it is reasonable to believe it completed in a point,
which unites closely the two points by which it was com-
menced, and should be finished. Thus although woman,
according to the order pursued in the formation of all
creatures, was the last being made, notwithstanding in
the order of the design, woman may be considered the
first creature, by her grandeur and advantages over
others. And if it be permitted me to avail myself of
terms nsed by philosophers ; I would say with them
that the end for which everything is created, is the
first thought suggested to the mind, though it may be
last executed. It is in this sense that woman is the
last work of God. She entered the world a'ter it was
perfected, as into a palace prepared for this queen of the
universe. Duty and justice then call upon all creatures
to love, respect, and honor woman, and to find happiness
in her guidance, because she was originally the end and
the queen of creation, of which also she was the perfec-
tion, the ornament, and the glory.
Scripture establishes forcibly the grandeur and nobility
of woman, even above man, in her creation, by the sepa-
ration of the places in which they were found. Woman,
indeed, was created like the angels in a paradisea
place famed and lovely, man, on the contrary, was
created as were the- animals outside of Paradise. God
afterward led him to Paradise where woman was to find
life. (It is perhaps for this reason tnat woman ac-
customed to elevation of place and birth, often receives
from nature this special privilege, not to feel blindness
or confusion in her sight, however elevated may be the
position from which she looks down. And more, if a
man aod woman fall in the water and cannot receive
succor, the woman will reappear on the surface sooner
than the man, who revives sooner than she.
That the nobility cf man derives new eclat from the
dignity of the place whence he. had origin is ^n idea
generally entertained, as is clearly confirmed by civil
laws and sacred canons. Besides, it is the custom of all
people to think much not only of men, but even of ani-
mals and inanimate things, that have the advantage of,
a renowned birthplace. It is thus that we see Isaac
directing Jacob, his son, not to take a wife from the
land of Canaan, but from Mesopotamia, because he be-
lieved the origin of the latter to be more desirable. It
is in this sense that we read in the Gospel of St. John,
that when Philip told Nathanael of his meeting with
Jesus of Nazareth (son of Joseph)Nathanael replied to
him, Can any good come out of Nazareth? *
So we see the prevailing impression supporting our
claim,but enough on this point; let us pass to other
proofs.
Woman also supassed man by the quality of the matter
of which she was formed. Man in fact, was created from
inanimate matter, but woman was formed from matter
already purified, animated, vivified, which substance
was part of a body, which had been united to a soul,
whose nature is divine. Besides, God made man at
earth, which by its nature and the co-operation of celes-
tial influences was, in one sense, the mother of all ihe
animals. Woman, on the contrary, was created by the
single aot of God, the influences of the elements and
nature having no part in her formation. Woman was
made in all her perfection of a rib, which was taken from
the side of man, without bis knowledge, so deep was
the sleep which God brought on him. In one sense thon,
man seems more the production of nature, and woman
the work of God. It is for this reason that woman may
be considered more than man the image of divine beauty,
and sometimes even now, she is radiant with this beauty.
Bo not her beauty and charms convince us sufficiently
of her origin in her perfect condition ? In fact, true
beauty being nothing else than a ray of the eternal
beauty, which sheds itself on created things, rendering
them brilliant. Sovereign beauty seems to have chosen
woman rather than man for such reflection. Thus the
body of woman is the most to be admired. Her skin is
delicate and fair, her head well made, her long and
lustrous hair disposed with grace. Woman has a digni-
fied air, an agreeable manner, a beautiful face, her fore-
head uncovered, her eyes more brilliant and sparkling
than those of man. managing their glances gracefully,
i aspiring amiable gayety. In a word, without entering
into a longer detail, all was beautiful and perfect in the
physical conformation of the woman. Add to this, that
her walk is modest, her movements more decorous, her
gestures more noble than those of man, besides, the
harmonious disposition of her body, her figure, her car-
riage. render her infinitely above all other creatures,
among whom there is no spectacle more marvellous or
more worthy of admiration. Indeed, unless blind, we
cannot fail to see that in woman was united all that is
beautiful in creation, so that all regarded her with sur-
prise, loved and respected her. Thus we read in Genesis,
that the sons of God saw the 4au?b^ers of men that
they were fair, and they took them wives of all which
they chose. The Scripture tells us, that Sara, wifo of
Abraham, was beautiful. David speaks thus to Abigail,
Go in peace to thine house ; I have hearkened to thy
voice, and have accepted thy person.
But in addition to these advantages of beauty, woman
was endowed with modesty, which surpasses all that can
be said of it. Her whole formation cherishes this mod-
esty, and nature protects her sensitiveness, even after
death, for Pliny remarks, and it i9 often noticed, that the
bodies of drowned women lie on the water with the face
downward, while those of men float on the back.
But what shall I say of the power o*f speechthat gift
of Heaven which makes us even physically distinct from
the animal race. Hesiod calls it the most precious
treasure man possesses. Does not woman speak with
more delicacy and grace than man ? Is she not more
abundant in discourse and happier in the choice of her
expressions ? Whatever may be our attainments, did
not woman, either as mother or nurse, first teach us
words and their use in expressing ideas, and who can
doubt that the creator of all things made, in this respect
as in others, the wisest provision for the human race. It
is rare to find a woman deprived of the gift of speech,
May we not then count it an honor to woman that she
excels man in that which most distinguishes him from
the animal.
THE REVOLUTION
Translated for The Revolution from the Opinion
Nationale.
Pbinciple not Policy I Justice not Favors 1 Men,
their rights, and nothing more! Women, their rights,
and nothing less! Who speaks in this firm, dignified,
and reflective tone ? Is this the sickly, feeble, capricious
creature pictured by Michelet ? Is this either the house-
wife or the courtezan of Proudhon ? It is that woman of
New England tof the New World) who was theTffbst ar-
dent promoter, the firmest and most devoted adherent of
that Abolition League, which, having endured the dis -
grace and persecution meted out to all progress, has ac-
complished, after a struggle of more than thirty years,
a brilliant victory for tho. right (over existing facts) in
tho abolition of slavery. The Revolution is a
weekly paper, whose proprietor is Miss Susan Anthony ;
and whose principal editor, Mrs. Cady Stanton, has long
been known (as a claimant in favor of the acknowledged
rights of woman) and may be considered, indeed, the
head of this movement in the United States. The posi-
tion of woman in that country, is believed to be the most
enviable in the world. There, we are told, woman is re-
spected, defended, avenged, regarded as a sovereign.
Agreed ; but we recognize the old system; less fully
realized than elsewhere ; that is all. American women,
like those of England, and more than those of France,
have perfect liberty to come and go, and to marry with-
out control. But, freed from the government of parents,
they are none the less subjected to that of the husband


4
8bt >-Sttftfltttitftir ' 69
whom the law constitutes as their guardian in civil mat-
ters. Confided from infancy, as it were, to their own
supervision only, they abdicate on attaining their major-
ity. Born in a free country, and having more general
knowledge than men because these latter are absorbed
from an early age in matters pertaining to commerce and
business. Women are not citizens, and are condemned,
as it were, to frivolity, because active life and work are
refused to them. The American makes it a subject of
pride to hold woman in a condition of absolute idleness,
entertained by the cares of an elaborate toilet, and the
supervision of a numerous and luxurious household
retinue. The duties of housekeeper (which have been
represented as entrusted entirely to women) are most
generally fulfilled by young girls, aged women and
widows; and it must be admitted that in according to
them this means of support induced, indeed, by ne-
cessitysince the feminine population of the sea coast
far surpasses the masculine population in numbers, the
public finances realize a decided commercial advantage.
But in the United States, as in France, it is well under-
stood, that a female teacher, performing equal work, for
an equal number of hours, is to be paid only a half of
the salary allowed to a male teacher, and that the highest
educational functions are to be carefully reserved for
men. Thus discarding the differences which appear on
the surface, and guarding against the superficial enthu-
siasm of travellers, we are led to perceive that the real
conditions of customs and ideas on this subject are not
very essentially diverge from each other in any coun-
tries at this epoch. The Woman Question is the same in
the United States as in Europe, and with the exception
of some modifications (which I acknowledge to be con-
siderable), it is proposed in the same manner. Essential
realities put aside, American women are treated with
more attention and are more honored than French wo-
men, The exterior respect, which is here individual and
voluntary, is in the U nited States obligatory. The Anglo-
Saxon spirit, much less logioal than ours, takes a serious
view of all things, even to absurdity. To the Frenchman
(born with a mind of different mould) the respect due to
a being (to whom is scarcely accorded the common sense
necessary to self-government) can only be an agreeable
pleasantry, which he offers voluntarily, but only in such
degree as may be convenient to himself. Thus the man
of the people, who is not governed by ceremonywe say
nothing of the men of the lower classes, and the inde-
pendent thinkersis disdainful and even brutal to wo-
men ; leaving to men of society those genuflexions,
that outward culture, which have never hindered the de-
votees from breaking the idol. The Anglo-Saxon, on the
contrary, can, without difficulty, perfectly assimilate
tradition and progress, deference and disdain, cultiva-
tion of manner and the taste of independence. Hap-
pily there are found in this race, both male and female
logicians. In proof of this we offer the platform of the
reformers of The Revolution." In politics, intel-
ligent suffrage without regard to sex or color. For equal
labor, equal pay. The working day to be reduced to
eight hours. Abolition of standing armies and party
despotisms. Down with politicians ; Live the people.
In religionmore reflection. Knowledge, not super-
stition. Personal merit. Love to man, as well as love
to God. They demand, also, that education shall be
less theoretical and more practical, less of fiction,
more of fact. Their financial system only, appears to
us, a little questionable, and much too American, but
the Anglo*Saxonism must breakout in 6ome direction.
With this exception, all is comprehensive and fearless,
and especially does their declaration of principles in the
matters of religion appear so to those who know how
great is the power of tradition in the United States.
Knowledge, not superstition Love to humanity
(demanded) as well as love to God; Personal
virtue. It is the demand of free thought; thought
which is freerthe, iaot cannot be concealedin Protest
tant countries than it is here.
The United States is the country where Providence
seems to be resolving national problems, and where
faith is, if possible, more necessary to safety than else-
where. We find new proofs of this assertion in this very
journal, The Revolution, which proposes so dis-
tinctly liberty of thought.
A correspondenta countrywoman living on the border
of Lake Ontarioaffirms the express will of the Creator
in regard to Female Suffrage, and vivaciously reproaches
Adam (who places himself in the position of protector)
for a double weakness : first, in having eaten the apple
without resistance ; then in denouncing his wife, laying
all the responsibility on her. Outside of these corres-
pondences, whioh are very varied and curious, the tone
of the proprietor and editors of The Revolution (for
women do not exclusively handle the pen in this paper)
is dignified, elevated, sometimes spiritual and convinc*
ing. Their style is simple and firm. There is none of
that abundant phraseology which often renders the
reading of American journals really wearisome. Were -
cognize serious and intelligent minds, assured in their
convictions, a little disdainful, perhaps, toward their
adversaries, but without malice, reproving with a smile
And as we have seen in their programme (quoted in its
most essential parts), the cause of woman is not the only
object of these courageous revolutionists. They realize
all the claims of justice, and declare for the laborer as
well as for woman, for the black as for the white ; they
attack resolutely all the defects of a social system, which
iu their country, as in our own, gives all privileges to
wealth and idleness.
This journal, established by women, and supported
by them, is the only one (at least of our acquaintance)
which represents Socialism in the United States ; that
practical, serious socialism which seeks in science and
human nature the solution of that menacing problem,
which proposes itself (whatever may be said) to all
minds, whether through fear or through hope.
Everywhere changes are indicated in the atmosphere.
There is a revival ahead, and this time it is truly demo-
cratic. This question of the Rights of Woman in all
countries holds a place in the first rank of vital ques-
tions. America, by imposing totes, prepares its solu-
tion. The English parliament accords to its considera-
tion a strong minority. In France it is the question of
the day in social economy, in literature, and in journal-
ism.
Propounded before the* first revolutionary assembly
by the most powerful minds of the epochsmothered,
opposed by every means, yet always revived and sus-
tainedthis question has a history (among us) from the
time of the Girondins to that of Saint-Simonism, and
from that time to the present day. For some years past
books on woman have abounded. The first written by
bad-tempered authors, or by too tender poets, were only
brutal pamphlets or erratic fantasies. They exposed
man much more than they unveiled woman. If they in-
flamed superficial minds, they were revolting to just in-
tellects, and approached truth only in showing where it
certainly was not to be found. Noble and vigorous re-
sponses were made to them. To-day the subject pre-
sents itself in a new light. The world begins to per-
ceive that in a social point of view it is a matter of vital
importance whether women are to be honest mothers,
or simply lorettes and courtezans of different degrees
and circumstances. We must consider, and we are
foxced to admit, that it is a serious fact to be either sus-
tained or opposed by at least half of the human race ;
and these democrats, these conservative monarchists of
the fireside, seriously agitate among themselves the
idea that women are capable of rearing young demo-
crats for the safety of society. Men be on your guard.
Logic is inflexible. To make democrats women must
be democrats themselves. There is but one step from
^mancipation to a higher life. In granting to woman
her right to be a human being, we can take no middle
ground. Andbe Leo.
TURNING GOATS.
Editors of the Revolution :
There is a great deal said now-a-days about you and
your compeers turning your coals cr shawls, by leaving
the Anti-Slavery Standard and the republicans and going
to the democrats. If you would follow your Master
whithersoever Me goelh you will do this, and many other
things not approved of by the disobedient and gain-
saying of this generation. The Jews were the chosen
people of God, so long as they did His will, but there
came a time when Me turned to the Gentiles. There
also came a time when His male disciples grew lax in their
devotion to the cause of truth and right; some even
doubting of Him altogether; then He sent a woman
to tell His chosen disciples that He had risen, and would
yet lead them, if they would follow Him, So it is now ;
men have provod recreant to the great responsibilities
their headship involves, and God will yet compel them
to recognize woman as a fit help in teaching the way
of salvation, and equally worthy of honor, profit, and
emolument, instead of being a mere slave to mans pas-
sions, propensities, and desires. There are many in-
congruities in the composition of mankind caused by
their parents being mls-mated. It is difficult to foresee
how society will ever be harmonized.
I am so situated that it is very nearly impossible to spend
the time necessary .to get subscribers for your, for our
priceless paper, but I am a silent partner in the concern.
I feel that its mission is one of vast importance to our
race, both male and female. The farce of pinching one
side of the face to make the other pule lias fteea played
out. I have a title to a piece of property in Wn, D. C.,
(if nothing occurs to prevent) I intend shall be used in
some way to hasten the good time coming. My mother
was a Christian, and her last words to me were, Do all
you can to better the condition of our sex.
&. U, A,
Naples, N. Y., July 22, 1868.
WE A l TEE PRESS SAT OF US.
From the (Lyons, Mich.) Present Age.
We take pleasure in recommending The Revolu-
tion, published at 37 Park Row, to our readers as a
most able advocate of this measure, the success of
whioh is only a question of time.
We take equal pleasure in recommending the
Present Age, a large, well-printed and ably-con-
ducted journal, devoted extensively to Spiritual-
ism, hut, as its name indicates, dealing effectu-
ally with the great questions of humanity in all
its present needs.
From the Internal Revenue Reoord.
After giving- name, place, terms, name of
proprietor, editors, and all about us, the Record
proceeds:
The watchwords of this sparkling and earnest paper
are: Principle, not policy; justice, not favors ; men
their righto, and nothing more ; women their rights,
and nothing less. And if there be a nobler rallying
cry for working men and working women, kept down by
the oppression of unjust laws and prejudices, we have
yet to hear it. No man, woman or child relinquishes
power unless compelled by principle or force, aud it is
not to be expected that man will part with the power of
tbe ballot to woman without a struggle, but he wjll and
he must in this generation. Intelligent woman is en-
titled to a voice in the making oi laws which are to gov-
ern her, and the grossest injustice is obvious iu not per-
mitting her to express it. The working single women
need the ballot for their protection, and ** The Revolu-
tion is doing good service in the cause of equal aud
exact justice to all.
The Record appreciates The Revolution
and its objects. We could not state them bet-
ter. There can be no nobler rallying cry for
men and women kept down by oppression ;
there is no holier work for men or angels than
ours, rightly comprehended. There is not a
suffering son or daughter of the human race who
has not.mi advocate and friend in TheRe-
volution, and for whose amelioration it does
not exist and labor.
From the San Jose (Cal.) Mercury.
The Revolution.1This is alive radical paper, pub-
lished in New York by Susan B. Anthony, and edited by
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Parker Fillsbury. It aims
at radical reform in politics, religion, finance, labor
social life, etc. It lays the axe at the root of existing ovil
in a manner to astonish the thin-skinned patriotism and
morality of the age. It demands the ballot for woman
with a persistence, backed up by sound argument, that
will brook no denial. And why should she not have the
ballot if she wants it ? What argument, based on com-
mon sense, can be adduced against investing any and
every class of citizen with the right to be represented in
a representative form of government ? Anything less
than political equality must of necessity be in direct an-
tagonism with the spirit of republieanism, and must
ever remain a hone of contention until the ' right comes
uppermost, and justice is fully done. There can be no
half-way house, or permanent middle ground, between,
absolute despotism and absolute equality of race and
sex before the law. These two extremesthe extreme
of injustice and the extreme of justicelike the upper
and nether millstone, will grind exceeding .fine, until
every vestige of barbarism, old fogyiim, and intolerance
of every kind shall melt away. We say, if woman wants
the elective franchise she should have it. If she does
not want, or ask for it, she should be taught to want it.
It is essential to her independent self-hood as an indivi-
dualized conscious intelligence. It would open up to
her new avenues of thought, and lead her to something
higher and truer than a lifeless devotion to fashionable
and frivolous nonsensethe bane and curse of social
life. We bid The Revolution all hail l Mayitob
tain a wide circulation throughout the land,
For some reason California is in advance of


tffcr fUYfltttHtftt.
fo
almost all the states on the question of womans
elevation, not only to suffrage and citizenship,
but to all the dignity and glory of humanity and
immortality. If half the mighty works which
have been done for her improvement and ex-
altation in some of the states had been done in
California, there is certainly good reason to be-
lieve she^would be there exercising and enjoy-
ing all the civil and political rights of an Ame-
rican citizen. We thank the Mercury (messen-
ger of the gods) for its generous notice of
The ItEVOLimoN, and congratulate the
people of that noble state on their possession of
so able and admirable a representative of the
American press.
From the Jefferson (Ohio) Sentinel.
" The Revolution.This is the titlo of a very lively
quarto issued weekly from New York. Susan B. An.
thony, proprietor, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and
Parker Pillsbury, editors. It is the organ of an associa-
tion for the promotion cf Women's Rights, and all
the inlorests usually advocated under that head, among
the prominent agitators of which subject are the editors
and proprietor of The Revolution. It is altogether
a spirited journal, and sufficiently effervescent to fur-
nish an unlimited number of soda fountains. To ensure
this, George Francis Train is a regular contributor and
patron. To those who are given to this subject of Wo.
mens Rights/* it will be of interest. For our own
part, we confess to being a little tired of the discussion
of this question, believing that society is ready to give
woman all the rights she is inclined to improve. As to
the set of which Mrs. Stanton is the leader, and
their movement, we know of no better comment than
that contained in an old couplet, which we quotemuch
in the state of mind in which a boy throws a scone at a
hornets nest:
" A whittling girl and a crowing hen
Are good for neither God nor men.
Sentinel means one set to watcb, to guard. It
is a pity to find one so asleep at so important a 1
time, and in sucb a place. The Sentinel is a
republican journal, was once the organ of the
now historic Joshua E. Giddings, and then
deserved its name ; is published still almost on
the very acre where repose his ashes. Gid-
dings, the first to welcome Mrs. Abby Kelley
Foster to the hospitalities of his Ohio home,
and proud to work by her side for the abolition
of pro-slavery in the district he so ably repre-
sented for so many years; who always co-
operated with her and the Joneses, the Grif-
fings, th? Gages, and other noble women who
then lived in Ohio, and with Giddings redeemed
it from an old, effete, mildewed, black-law de-
mocracy, and made it the pride of the Union.
The Senlind, too,, is on the same street and near-
ly next door neighbor to the intrepid old Ben
Wade, champion of womens rights, as well as
everybodys rights; and is surrounded, too, in its
town with some of the best and bravest women
the world has seen, its own family included ;
and yet the tribute it brings to the noblest
enterprise that ever yet blessed the world, the
.benediction it pronounces upon it is the
like of this:
A whistling girl and a crowing Leu
Are neither good for God nor men.
0 Sentinel, son of the morning, how art
thou fallen!
From the Darlington (S. C.) Southerner.
Progbess.We receive from New York a spirited
paper called TheRevolution/' which is edited by
Women, and is an earnest advocate of woman suf-
frage. The subjoined extract may serve to show the
style of argument which it presents.
The Southerner then copies one of our best
articles, showing our cause and its doctrines in
the most favorable light.
From the N. Y. Citizen.
" The Revolution comes to us, fresh, lively and
grotesque every weeksometimes melting with a wo-
man's tenderness, and sometimes vigorous with a vi-
ragos denunciations of the wrongs suffered by her sex.
We are avowedly, unalterably, and aotively for Womans
Rights, as advocated by The Revolution.
As every brave and intelligent woman is
avowedly, unalterably and actively for Ire-
lands Rights, as advocated by the New York
Citizen.
The Mount Carroll (Illinois) Mirror, the
North Missourian, the Pontiac (Illinois) Sentinel,
and several other excellent journals, still give oc-
casional insertion to our Prospectus in fulla
generosity which is not overlooked nor unap-
preciated.
LETTER FROM MR. TRAIN.
THE PALL-MALL GAZETTE IN A RAGE AT COSMO-
POLITAN FOB PUBLISHING TRAIN ON WOMAN
FIFTEEN COLUMNS OF TBAINISMS IN IRISHMAN,
UNIVERSAL NEWS AND COL. FULLERS PAPER
THE REVOLUTION SHOULD VOTE IN NOVEM-
BERWHY NOT TEST IT AS E. C. S. DID M. C. ?
NOTHING VENTURE, ETC.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, )
July 18. 1868. J-
Dear Revolution : Terrible storm in Lon-
don on woman. Pall-Mall Gazette and Cosmo-
politan fighting over Trains Woman in
England. Read Fullers blast and my seven
columns in his paper. Read Irishman ; three
columns on Costello and Warren. Read Uni-
versal News six columns on Liberty.
LETTER FROM GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
JOHN STUART MILL, MB. TRAIN, AND COSTELLO AND
WARREN.
Four Courts Marshalsea, July 17.
Dear "Irishman: You have seen Mr. Mill's ques-
tion, in re Warren and Costello, and Lord Mayos reply,
in this mornings papers. The mountain has been in
labor and a mouse is born. Joy to the world I Mother
and child are doing well. Suppose Warrea and Costello
Were Fenians in America, what is that to England ? As
well arrest Senator Conness, an Irishman, or Congress*
man Robinson, an Irishman, should they land at Sligo,
Queenstown, orDungarvan, they having used war words
against England in America. No difference between
these men and others. Bah. Ai e they not American
oitizens ? To arms, Americans 1 To arms! I Were
they at the Tallaglit rising ? No difference. Did thejr
h'ave papers, revolvers and munitions of war ? No dif-
ference. Did Costello and Warren, by word or act in
Ireland, conspire against the government ? Again
" Time hardly come. When will it? Twelve years
fifteen yearsor when ? Is there then a doubt about
the legality of arrest ? Has the Cabinet, then, been dis-
cussing the matter? Does Lord Mayo dare to insinu-
ate that he will arrest another Amebioan citizen for
"words spoken in America ? These men were con-
victed of'no act in British watersBuckley, the in-
former, even refusing to swear anything of the kind.
Lord Mayos government must give tip the men, or Ame-
rica WILL IMMEDIATELY DECLARE WAR, NO UOnSeUSe.
In the name of the American people who vote in No-
vemberin the name of one million of Irish voters, I
say, give up the men, or I hereby, in their name, de-
clare war against England.
" God save Ireland.
George Francis Train.
LONDON PITCHING INTO FULLER, AS AMERICA
PITCHED INTO REVOLUTIONTOO MUCH
TRAIN,
Train On.."Toomuch Train oil, remonstrates "a
Subscriber, alluding to the verbal Mississippi which
George Francis Train is pouring through onr columns.
If 500,000 "subscribers will write us the same com-
plaint within the next ten days, we shall be satisfied.
Touching trams imprisonment, if he is in jail for a bill
that he "long ago paid, we mean to have him out.
Cosmopolitan.
The old, old story, wherever I drop down. But
dont it make the papers sell ?
All Chaff.This is the compliment that some of our
readers pay to the writings of George Francis Train.
But among the chaff we find now and then grains of
wit, sense and truth. For instance, his letter to her
Grace the Duchess of Sutherland in last Cosmopolitan is
as true as gospel.
THE REVOLUTION AMONG THE LADIES IN THE
LONDON CLUB.
From The Ladies Club, in Cosmopolitan.
Madame Dubois.-AVho cares for a country which has
lost all prestige ? The last echo from it is a bull-fight at
Havre. The Spaniards as a race have lost all their taste
for the sublimea lazy, blaze, corrupted people may re-
quire such sights to make them relish some excitement,
but to the French and English, whore animals are pro-
tected against cruelty, such an exhibition is an avant
taste of the horrors of Dantes Hellit should not be al-
lowed.
Senora Christina.Pray dont make my blood boil.
Did not Borne show the example, and can we help our
tastes for ancient and noble pastimes ? Why dont yon
look at home, 'you will,see more cruelties ? Look at
that Rochefort of the Lantern e; what a wretch he is 1
Beating men, "sans defence, with a leaden cane.
Those fighting bulls of society are the worst kind, be-
lieve me.
Madame Dubois.We wont quarrel; let us go and see
Joubi-Tabouma. The Queen of Moheli is at the Louvre.
She is a sweet little woman, and looks at home in her
wide culottes. Colonel Passot, an officer of the first,em-
pire, is with her ; he taught her French, which she
speaks admirably, when she was but a child. Her step-
son, a tall, good-looking youngprince, in a Turkish cos-
tume, will amuse you. Come.
Mrs. Washington.The nomination of Seymour and
Blair has made me very hopeful and very happy. I
know both of these gentlemon very well, and they are
admirably qualified for the high offices to which they
have been nominated. Gov. Seymour is a thorough
statesman, and a man without reproach. Gen. Blair i3
every inch a soldiera gallant, noble, thorough-bred gen-
tleman. Our country may well be proud if the people
have the good sense to elect Seymour and Blair in pref-
erence to Grant and Colfax.
Princess Fedoriska.I hope, my dear Mrs. Washing-
ton, your wishes may be realized. I see the Cosmopol-
itan is delighted with the democratic candidates. I
have often heard Col. Fuller speak of Horatio Seymour
as one of the best men in America. By the way, I see
the New York ladies have been copying us by forming a
club. Did you road a notice of it in last weeks Cosmo-
politan l
Mrs. Washington.O, Yes, and I know several of the
members. Miss Alice Carey, the president, is a charm-
ing poet, and Madame Le Yert is well known as the
author of several popular books, and a lady in the
highest social position. Hei* husband, Dr. Lo Vert,
who died duriug the war, was the most eminent physi-
cian of Mobile.
Madame Dubois.Will they publish their conversa-
tions as we do ?
Mrs. Washington.I hope so. I am going to write to
Madame Le Yert to send us a regular report, and I am
sure the editor of tho Cosmopolitan, who I know is an
old friend, both of Miss Carey and Madame Le Vert, will
be happy to publish them. This, I am sure, would
create a great sale for our journal in America.
Mrs. OConnor.A Capital idea. We shall then know
all the little social matters on the other side of the water,
which will be so interesting to the ladies on this side.
Mrs. Washington.What a charming visit Longfellow
must have had at Tennysons, in the Isle of Wight. I
have no doubt these kindred spirits wore very happy to-
gether. No doubt our sweet singer of the "Psalms of
Life was much more at borne with the Laureate than
fie was with the Queen, and yet it was payiug the poet
a very great compliment for her Majesty to send for
him.
Mrs. OConnor.Call it rather an unusual compli-
ment, for I esteem those whom nature has crowned
more highly than those whom chance or accident has
raised to the throne. But when will the world learn to
estimate men and women for what they really aro, and
not for what they happen or seem to be 1
WHY dont YOU WALK UP TO THE POLLS IN NO-
VEMBER AND VOTE FOR PRESIDENT ?SCOTLANDS
BURNING.
The Right of Women to Vote at Parliamentary
Elections.The Gateshead overseers have placed two
females on the borough register to try the question whe-
ther a female is eligible to record a vote in tbe case of a
contested parliamentary election. Tbe decision of the
revising barrister in this case will be looked forward to
with interest,Edinburgh CouranU


71
$ite §ev0lutioti.
ENGLAND IS MOVING.
Womens Suffrage.The overseers of the township
of Conside and Koitsley, West Durham, having resolved
to put on the parliamentary register all women possess*
iug the neeessary qualifications, have prepared their list
in conformity to such resolution. The overseers of
Marsden, in Lancashire, have agreed to place duly quali-
fied women on the list of voters.Irish Times.
Does the word male appear in the Con-
stitution ? If so, why did Sumner try to place
it there ? Who of you in America have made
the trial of voting for President ? If taxation
without representation is tyranny, it applied
to the women of the Revolution as well as
the men. Take my advice, ladies of Park
Row, test the question. Go up and vote
in November. I believe there is no law against
it; and all who are taxed, of proper age, have
the right under the Constitution. Why dont
you make a test of it, as Lilly Maxwell did ?
GREENBACKS MEAN AMERICAN INDUSTRYSPECIE
PAYMENT MEANS BRITISH MANUFACTURERS.
The democratic platform says greenbacks.
Does the world give up its Thanatopsis.
Free Trade.All depends on definitions. Free
trade may be a very good or a very bad thing. Free
trade, like free speech, free labor, free men and free wo-
men, is one of the attributes of the Divine Social Order,
hut is not possible, in its best sense, in our form of so-
called civilization.
Much may be known of a man by the company he
keeps. What is called free trade has been advocated in
this country mainly by the democrats, although when
in power they have never dared to establish anything
hut the swindle of a tariff for revenue/* a contrivance
that has all the evils of a protective tariff and none of its
benefits. It is to the democrats, also, that we owe the
first attempt at protection, but it was protection not of
labor or laborers, but of the southern slaveholder in the
raising of cotton [and the enslaving of his fellow-men,
who had the misfortune to be black and weak. No party
has ever been base enough to bid so high for the votes
of those who claimed that capital rightfully owned the
laborer, as that which advocates a pretended free trade ;
that party which is actually leucocracy while it is noml
ually democracy.
Is it not primes facie evidence against this pretence
called free trade, that it should have suoh advocates ?
It has Us most earnest supporters among import-
ers of foreign goods, especially among foreign
agents, who, by a knack they have with the Cus-
tom Bouse, control the importations, as against
those who honestly pay the duties. What such
people mean by free trade is freedom to buy
my labor at the lowest starvation price, and to
seU its products at the highest swindling price.
The problem of free trade will solve itself when the
laborer is free to possess the product of his labor.
Apply justice to the production and possession of
property, and its exchange will speedily arrange itself.
Free the laborer from the domination, of capital by
making him the owner of the capital he produces, and
you have the conditions which make genuine free trade
possible.
Free trade means 1,000,000 paupers ; 600,-
000 drunkards children in factories instead of
schools ; 100,000 prostitutes in London, and
20,000,000 of slaves in Englandslaves worse
than any other slavery, where
Our sons are the rich man's serfs by day,
Our daughters his slaves by night.
The Revolution Free Trade paragraph
quoted above is suggestive:
THE WORLDS SPECIAL DONATED MORE TO IRELAND
SINCE HIS ARREST, THAN THE QUEEN IN THIRTY
YEARS.
From the Dublin Irishman,
The Queen's health was proposed at the Limerick
banquet, and- received with is a pity people can't be honest. What terms are those
to propose her Majesty's health in ? They should have
proposed : The health of the chief absentee, in con-
nection with absenteeism in general," to he replied to
byproxy. O, the Queen cannot visit Ireland or re-
mit in there for more than a low days because she has no
palacebuild her a palace," and let us build her a
palace," cry some. Has she a palace in Switzerland?
Yet here fS what we read : The Queen proposes to visit
the Continent in the course of the recess. The journey
will include some parts of Switzerland ; and a house has
been taken at Lucerne, where her Majesty will remain
from three weeks to a month 1" We care little whether
she go or stay, but care something about clearing off
false pretences. Her majesty could have taken a
house at Bray or Killarney, as readily as at Lucerne
so don't let us hear any more fustian pretexts. She goes
to Switzerland, and not to Killarney, just for the same
reason that she subscribed to Luther's statue in German
Worms, and refused point-blank to subscribe to the
statue of the spotless and great Reformer, Father
Mathew, in Irish Cork. Her Majesty does not subscribe
to local celebrities, said her secretary, inreply to the com-
mittee's request, in those words, or words to that effect.
Father Mathew a local celebrity I He did more for Bre-
land than Queen Victoria; for the matter of that, George
Francis Train, now in the Marshalsea, has probably
spent as much money here in his short tour as her
Majesty has during her long reign.
AN IRISH WOMAN COMMANDING THE ARMY OF
AMAZONS.
Women are looking up. Their stock is rising.
Man better not sell women short Very long.
Physically, Intellectually, and Politically, the
women of The Revolution are ahead?
Above Pa! Nothing will Ma their future.
Brigadier-General Eliza Lynch leads the female forces,
the Amazonian army, of gallant Paraguay, fighting for
its independence. She is the Irish wife, we understand,
of the President of Paraguay, General Lopez. She has
the reputation of inspiriting Paraguay in this desper-
ately brave and heroic war.
Lieutenant-Colonel Margaret Ferreira and Captain
Annie Gill support herthe name of the latter sounds
Irish also. They defend the Pass of Tebicuari with a
force of women and girls against the attempts of the
Brazilians and Buenos Ayres republicans.
The women of Paraguay are standing forth for their
countrys independence, like the women of Poland, like
the women of Limerick, and they have found another
Joan of Arc, another Maid of Saragossa, another Grace
O'Malley in an Irish ladyBrigadier-General Lynch 1
Shall the United States, and France, and the civilized
world permit this unequal and murderous contest with-
out a word of protest? Shame upon such menon suoh
civilization ?
WELL THE WOMEN OF THE REVOLUTION PLEASE
EXPLAIN WHY WOMEN PREFER MEN DOCTORS ?
Lady Doctors.To the EditorSir: In your last num-
ber there is a report of the second refusal of the Farring-
don general dispensary to admit ladies to medical and
surgical practice there; and also a letter from a London
midwife, complaining of the loss of her name-plate from
her door, which robbery she attributes to practical
joking by medical students. It would seem, therefore,
that there is at present a contest going on between male
and female medical practitioners of a rather acrimonious
character. Now, at this juncture, I wish to point out
that, in my opinion, medical men would not, as some
seem to apprehend, injure their profession by admitting
women to practice ; for, in precisely similar circum-
stances, with my own professionthat of musicand I
speak with a knowledge acquired during upwards of
thirty years' practicewe, men, do not find that women
teachers interfere with us in the least. The fact is, that
the generality of ladies prefer to be attended by gentle-
men ; and although parents may sometimes callin ladies
to attend their children, partly from the lower scale of
charges at which such professional superintendence is
offered, still even in those cases the master" isulti
mately called in to complete the work by means of his
finishing lessons." I believe that precisely the same
results would occur in the medical profession. I am,
sir, yours sincerely,
Joseph E. W. Harding, New-cross.
CHRISTAIN ENGLAND GIVES TWO FOUNDS FOR WHIP-
PING YOUR WIFE.
The English amusement of wife-beating is not, after
all, a very expensive luxury. On Wednesday, a young
man occupying a respectable position," was brought be-
fore the Birmingham bench, charged with cruelly beating
bis wife, to whom he had been hut two months married.
He knocked her down and blackened her eyes, without
the slighest provocation ; then stripped her naked and
flogged her with a horsewhip from head to foot. The de-
tails of the shocking anti barbarous cruelty created a
great sensation in court. One of the witnesses deposed
that the complainant was one mass of weals from the
top of her shoulder to the sole of her foot, and the weals
were crossed." The penalty inflicted was forty shillings
fine / .which the model husband at once paid, and went
his way rejoicing. A heavier punishment has often
been inflicted on a starving boy in Ireland for the theft
of a turnip*
LOVE MUST BE TRANSITORY, FRIENDSHIP MAY BE
LASTING.
When women vote there will he less of what
the world calls love and more friendship. Love
is simply appetite. Friendship is true affection.
Rare as is love, friendship is rarer, is a proverb
in Spain. Love is of the earthearthy. Friend-
ship is of the spiritspiritual. The one is of
the body, the other of the mind. Eat, drink,
and be merry, for to-morrow we die, is love.
Read, reflect, and be happy, that ye may live,
is friendship. Love is a mistress. Friendship,
a wife. Love is the kiss of passion. Friendship
the embrace of respect. Let The Revolu-
tion open up a new vocabulary. Brain must
go with ballot. George Francis Train*
"WOMAN A8 A BABMER.
In Vineland, New Jersey, a place of ten thousand in-
habitants, thirty-flye miles south of Philadelphia, women
are demonstrating what they can do at farming. These
women are not coarse or illiterate, but some of them
have been highly educated and possess well-cultivated
minds. I do not know how many there are here who
own farms, which they have brought into cultivation
solely by their own efforts, hut I will speak of a few that
have come under my immediate notice. The first one
who gave me mi account of her work is a maiden lady of
about forty. She had been a school teacher in Massa-
chusetts for sixteen years, she got weary, as she said, of
being a slave for others, and thinking a farmers life
more to her heart, came to Vineland and bought ten
acres. She has been here three years, and has five acres
in good bearing condition, all the work except the clear-
ing of the land has been done by herself and a boy thirB
teen years old ; and from being weak in some directions
she has become strong and healthy. I next saw another
maiden lady of the same age. She was educated as a
physician, but her health giving away, she came here
and bought ten acres; and with the assistance of only
a boy, she has five acres under nice cultivation, and she
says she never had so good health in her life. I have
been in this place but a few weeks, and have made no
effort to find out how many such cases there are here,
but I am told there are many, and that it is well demon-
strated in this place that woman excels as a farmer. I
have met more than a dozen women, who are widows
and take all care of large gardens, and they are the fines |
I have seen, abounding in the most delicious fruits, and
beautiful flowers. One lady, who does all the work in
her garden, and who, I had noticed, had been engaged a
few days past in painting the outside of her house, I
was a little surprised on hearing the next week that she
had on the Sabbath previous filled with good acceptance
the pulpit of the Unitarian church, in the absence of the
minister. Indeed, all the women I have met in this
place are women of splendid minds ; and oh, bow glad
they are to know that there is one spot on the earth
. whore they can follow out their own natural feelings with-
out being insulted on every side by conservatism and
ignorance l Here, too, they can dress with garments be-
fitting their taste and work. These women wear both
the short and the long ; the short for the garden and
kitchen, and the long for the parlor, thus combining use
and taste in dress, rather than following fashion and
custom. And so too iu regard to diet; having plenty of
vegetables and fruit, they make these their chief articles
of. living, and are not constantly inducing disease as are
people of the cities by eating so much animal food, ,
I have given these few foots, and those who wish to
know more about Vineland, would be well received and
well repaid if they should visit it. And the advocates of
Equal Bights will find a strong battery planted here in
behalf of their cause.
Yours respectfully,
Lizzie Leavenworth.
Miss Copeland is manage* of one of the
Liverpool theatres.


72

J evsUttsii* *'
flit Hciuiliitimi.
ELIZABETH CABT STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBVRY, } Ml,r8
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor*
NEW YORK, AUGUST 6, 1868.
THE WORK OF THE HOUR.
Last week we called attention to the coming
campaign* We renew the summons. On every
nand the cry is heard, moke ready for the con*
flict 1 Man has exhausted his power to save,
and saved nothing, not even himself. He has
tried to found a republic and failed, igno-
miniously failed. He planted it like Lisbon on
a volcano, and the war quake shook it down.
He has tried for more than three years'to re-
build, to reconstruct, and failed again. Indeed,
his last state is worse than the first if possible.
He learns nothing by experience. All history,
all Scripture, all philosophy, are to him sealed
books. He is still vainly striving to join to-
gether what God has eternally put asunder.
Both the great political parties pretending to
save the country, are only endeavoring to save
themselves, but are really destroying each
other and their country more and more. In
their hands humanity has no hope. The
sooner their power is broken as parties the bet-
ter for themselves even, as well as for their
country and the world.
The Revolution calls for new construc-
tions, not reconstructions. Old foundations as
well as old fabrics must be removed. Down
with Politicians, up with the People, has been
our cry from the beginning. Who will aid us
in our grand enterprise of a nation's salvation?
Who will not aid us, shall we not rather ask ?
Do you read The Revolution? Are you a
subscriber ? Have you asked your neighbor to
*ibscribo for it? We mean to make it a very
gospel of salvation. It is already becoming so
omultitudes. No other journal in the nation
so broad in its demands, so divine in its de-
ign and purpose. Our clientele are the op-
pressed of all classes, all peoples. For all such
.ve labor ; all such we wish to bless. The least
f all our brethren share our sympathy, are in-
rluded in our hope mid purpose of salvation.
Shall not this word prevail with many to aid
ns by energetic and hearty co-operation in ex-
pending our circulation as fast and as fur as pos-
sible? Next week we will point to particulars
other departments of the work. Woman
must have the ballot. She can have the ballot.
She shall have the ballot, in the name of jus-
tice, for the sake of hnm&nity, and according
to the laws of the living God ! s. b. a.
Skaneatelles.We are informed that on
Sunday next Mrs. Stanton and Miss Anthony
will attend Friends Meeting in Skaneatelles
As these ladies are now visiting and travelling
among their numerous friends in the central
mad western portions of New York, readers of
The Revolution will be glad to learn that
their coming is everywhere greeted with joy,
and their word and work heartily approved.
MORE UNSATISFIED.
What shall be done to appease the indigna-
tion or assuage the grief of those sensitive ones
who would have earths, but no earthquakes,
seas without storms, skies, but no clouds and
thunder, mid millennium without moral and le-
ligious agitation? Such was our anxious in-
quiry while reading the following excerpts from
the pen of a lady who writes many letters (most
of them very good) from Washington to the New
York Independent:
O, Independent, I am so fared of the woman who spends
the very time in which she might be doing in making an
outcry! Who will binder her, in this land at least, from
making the very most of herself as a human being?
Through personal discipline and development, woman
already has it in her power to attain to such a broad in-
telligence, to such a high standard of womanly wisdom
and loveliness, that man, beholding her, will be ashamed
to deprive this soul of his soul of a single legal or natural
right, naif the trouble now is, that the wofnen who are
making the loudest demands for themselves and their sex
are so angular and harsh, so vociferous and so rampant,
so persistent in claiming their right to do a mans work
in a mans way, that men listening are horrified, and
see nothing in the enfranchisement of women but the
desecration oJ their home. Dont worry, my brethren.
Nature is mightier than all. She is scarcely responsible
lor the aggressive men-spirits which, having lost their
way in the universe, sometimes reappear to fight in the
person of some abnormal woman. All the same there is
no power, no honor, no fame, which can recompense the
real woman for what she has lost, if, winning public ap-
plause, she has sacrificed the spiritual beauty of her
womanhood, and the most precious ministry of her
womans life in a happy home. The women that I like
are those who do whatever they are best fitted to do >
without noise or complaint. So I thought the other day,
while sitting in a breezy school-room on the outskirts of
Washington.......The fprimitive contraband school was
a lair crowded with little darkies, more antic than mon-
keys, with a distracted New England girl, with disheveled
hair, flying about among them with a stick...All the
pupils are of African blood ; a few quite black, but the
majority are nearly white.....It was curious to study
these faces where it took moments to discover their faint
traces of African lineage.....It was hard to realize
that the handsome young lady by my side, with rose,
pink cheeks, sea-green eyes, and dainty kid gloves of the
same hue, and costly appareling of silk, would have been
turned out of tbe Washington horse-cars two years ago,
because of the deep wave in her dark hair. This outrage
was committed against a pale, intellectual girl sitting by
the desk, who beyond doubt I believed to be an Anglo-
Saxon, till informed of this fact.
There was once a man on the earth (the Inde-
pendent at one time appeared to have greatrespect
for him) whose doctrine and philosophy led to
a great deal of uneasiness of the kind com-
plained of by the lady from Washington. His
answer at one time was, Suppose ye that I am
come to send peace on earth ? I tell you nay,
but rather division! And again ; Think not
that I am come to send peace on earth; I came
not to send peace, but a sword. A'mans foes
shall be of his own household. A flat contra-
diction of the song of the heavenly host at his
birth. Peace on earth. Who this aggrieved
writer is, we do not know. -Had she been
known as an active worker in the cause of
woman and the slave, we must have heard of
her. Lucretia Mott we know, and Abby Kelley
Foster, and Fanny Gage, and Sojourner Truth,
but who is she ? Flippantly enough she talks (not
scolds, O, no!) about the women so angular,
so harsh, so vociferous, so rampant, so persist-
ent in claiming their right to do a mans work
in a man's way, that men listening are hoivi-
fied; but what has she herself done! Where
are her sheaves V With marvellous charity she
concedes that such beings are scarcely
responsible, but why then fret about them?
Half the trouble now is,she declares, that
these women over do. Perhaps the other half
is, that the like of her have done nothing. That
may be good reason for their extreme course, if
extreme it be. When Dr. Channiug rebuked
Rev. Mr. May for unwise and heated zeal in the
Anti-Slavery cause, Mr. May gently answered,
Why, then, do not you, doctor, and yourdis-
creeter brethren, set us an example ? We do the
best we know, the best we can ; why do yon not
take the work out of our hands ?
It is very easy for the passengers who ride,
to scold about the engine that draws them, or
the greasy, grimy, perhaps vulgar and profane
engineer, who directs it. The passengers in
palace cars with good fire, carpets, cushions,
and comfort, may rail at the brave fellow who
holds (heir lives in his hand, with his levers and
brakes, his eye on every inch of rail he traver-
ses as well as on every bone and sinew, breath
and fiery entrails of the iron Griffin he rides and
guides, through cold and storm, by night and
day; but they know little (and seem to care less
sometimes) of the responsibilities with which he
is invested; and which should he for a moment
forget, to take counsel of his carping, fault-find-
ing charge behind, might result in disaster if
not destruction to all on board. Tbe table of
the bright winged butterflies, mocking and
laughing at the brown and sweaty laced bay-
makers in the field, is not without use and ap-
plication.
But the closing passages in the extracts un-
der consideration are worthy attention. Lillie
darkies more antic than monkeys would not bo
out of style in the democratic press, but it seems
hardly worthy the Independent. At least, it
would not have been before that paper declared
for General Grant, whose habits it used to re-
buke instead of excuse; and who holds that if
Negro Suffrage is permitted, a war of races must
follow ; a foolish and most inexcusable blas-
phemy, which the Independent also once con-
demned. If the Independent has become a chosen,
valiant champion of such a candidate for the
Presidency, it is not to be expected that it will
be squeamish about language, when only little
darkies more antic than monkeys are to be
described in its columns. But let that pass.
.It turns out after all, that a majority of these
darkies are nearly white! handsome
young ladies, with rose-pink cheeks,7 pale, in-
tellectual girls, some of them ; one Ibelieved
beyond doubt, to be an Anglo-Saxon, till in-
formed to the contrary! Now ihere.is one ques-
tion that should be asked, and its changes rung
until the whole nation is made to blush and be
ashamed at what must be its true answer ; and
that is, whose is the fault that in the wholesale
robbery of the African race the color even has
not been spared ? The Leopard does not change
his spots, but not so, the Ethiopian his skin.
Whose is the fault that so many of his face
have faded into Anglo-Saxon paleness? Is it
the resnlt of unlawful co-mingling of black men
and white women ? God forbid! Nobody ever
said it Nobody would believe it if everybody
said it. If everybody swore it was so, it would
be downright perjury instead of truth. The one
damning fact is, it is wholly the resnlt of that
horrible havoc of colored female virtue by white
men (or monsters) which has been perpetrated
for almost a hundred years! Was it Chancellor
Harper who once said in the SQUthem Literary


f.
gUwltttjUtt.
73
Review, in justification of such diabolism, that
it gave the South the purest white female popu-
lation to be found on the earth!
And we prate of amalgamation! of misce-
genation And some, even women, scold at the
way the workers work. Few seem satisfied.
Had the heart of the fair and fastidious Wash-
ington correspondent of the Independent been
made to bleed through thirty years of Anti-
Slavery conflict over this and kindred abomina-
tions of the system, she might write in other
strain than now of the little darkies but
above all of the women who having survived
that conflict, are now rounding up their life-
warfare in, it maybe, angular, harsh, vocifei'-
ous, rampant, persistent demand that the slave-
woman, so long a victim, shall at lost have all
the protection for her virtue, liberty, and life,
that the ballot and all the means which republi-
can, Christian civilization can give. p. p.
SOUTHERN TONE AND TEMPER.
We have always insisted that the war of the
rebellion still continues, and will, until peace
is underpinned by justice and righteousness.
Neither great political party believes in The
Revolution,1' and both alike disregard its
counsels. Since the democratic nominations
were made, we have been constant and urgent
in our demand for a new party. Every day
shows our demand to be more and more reason-
able and important. The demoralization of the
public mind and heart increases like the spread
of a plague. Over it the popular press and
pulpit have lost their power. Indeed} the evil
is justly chargeable to these two institutions.
Party spirit rules both, and burns almost as
furiously in one as the other. The moral ele-
ment in both is alike paralyzed. The south
sees no conscientious regard for justice and
truth in the north, and, of course, spurns any
such sentiment as foolishness, for herself. Met
by force, she threatens force. Ruled by men in
several of the states who would be denied the
right of suffrage in some of the northern and all
the middle and western states, she must of ne-
cessity feel most bitterly humiliated and de-
graded. And so she opposes or threatens to
oppose force to force, encouraged both by the
attitude of the democracy, led by Hotspur Blair,
.the nominee for Vice-President, and the un-
scrupulous disregard of all honor, fairness and
right of the republicans on the question of
colored and woman enfranchisement. That
the south deserves her degradation may be
true; but she knows, and everybody knows,
she does not deserve it at the hand of such re-
publicanism. And as there is no conscience, or
moral sense, or sentiment opposed to her at
the north, she threatens more war, as in the
following extracts of a speech by ex-Gov. Perry,
of South Carolina, at a great meeting to ratify
the Seymour and Blair nomination :
The issue now before the American people in the en-
suing Presidential election, is one of liberty and des"
potism. If the radicals succeed, our republican system
of government is gone forever. A military despotism
will be established all over this continent, on a civil was
WILL ENSUE MORE BLOODY AND DESOLATING THAN ANY
WHICH HAS EVER DECIMATED THE EABTH. It behOOVes
every one, then, to be up and doing. All should be ac-
tive in the canvass, and leave no stone unturned which
may contribute to success. Let a convention be called
for the purpose of nominating Presidential electors*
Have able, active, energetec, and bold men nomi-
nated in every section of the stateone in each Congies
sional District, and two for the state at largewhose
duty it shall be to address the people and sxro them up
TO A fflSNSU OP THIS lUPEtUHNCt PAN6£B In doing SO
they should appeal to the colored people of the state, and
show them that their true interests are identified with
those of the white race, and that they should no longer
place themselves as slaves under the lead of unprin-
cipled carpet-baggers and southern renegades, who are
using them only as tools for their own selfish aggran-
dizement. They should also he told, that while they
continue to act with those bad men, in oppressing and
disfranchising the democrats, they will not be employed
or favored by the democracy of South Carolina. * *
It is against nature and reason to suppose that any one
will clothe and feed and give employment to others, who
are his oppressors and destroyers.
Gen. Wade Hampton has spoken in tones far
more bellicose than these. The threat to starve
the colored people into submission is no new
element in political party tactics. Twenty and
thirty years ago, abolitionists, mechanics and
others, were starved out of town in many
places by whigs and democrats for refusing to
be identified with the miserable, pro-slavery and
time-serving spirit and policy that everwhere
prevailed. Even the churches often proscribed
and virtually martyred their own members for
exactly the same reason. The Liberator and
other anti-slavery journals were filled with the
records of these proscriptions in the earlier years
of the anti-slavery struggle. Let no innocent
one suppose this mode of political conflict origi-
nates with the south. p. p.
ST. PAUL ON DU1IES OF WIVES.
Wives submit yourselves to your own husbands as
unto the Lord.
We are glad to see that The Revolution is advis-
ing its readers to get married. This is more sensible
and commendable than anything we have heretofore dis-
covered in tbe organ of Womans Rights. It puts its
advice in tbe form of an argument why men should get
married ; but tbat is doubtless from ideas of delicacy,
and from its knowledge tbat men cannot get married
without making an equal number of women wives. If
** The Revolution," having got thus far, will now en-
force upon its readers St. Pauls excellent advice in re-
ference to tbe duty of wives toward their husbands, it
will enhance tbe domestic happiness of not a few house-
holds. See Ephesians, v. 22.N. Y. Times.
If the reader will refer to this chapter and
verse he will find that the Bible view of a hus-
band is of the most exalted and perfect charac-
ter. In his divine love, purity, wisdom, and
self-sacrifice, his relation to his wife is compared
with that of Christ to the Chnrch. To such
men The Revolution would most earnestly
recommend all noble women to give their love,
admiration and respect. "Wherever there are
husbands who bear the same relation to corrnpt
human nature that Christ did to the Church,
who are as, superior as he was in all the cardinal
virtues, the Christian graces, the all-seeing wis-
dom of a great divine soul, we advise^their
wives to be led, guided, and directed by such
husbands ; to sit at their feet, and reverently
learn the will of God concerning them! But
surely the Times does not recommend this
godly submission spoken of by the apostle, on
the part of all men, to every type and shade of
manhood. You would not admit that he in-
tended to teach, for example, the wives of the
forty thousand drunkards in the State of New
York to follow their advice or submit to their
idiotic vagaries; that the wives of corrupt,
time-serving politicians should learn patriotism
of them ; that the wives of bigoted sectarians
should learn religion at their feet; that the
wives of murderers, thieves, liars, gamblers,
should learn morality of them ; that the wives
of false, cowardly editors should learn wisdom
of them ; that the wives of licentious men
should leom virtue of them ; that the wives of
'VSTall street brokers should learn political econ-
omy and finance of them. No, no! this
would be absurd. When woman is commanded
submission to any human authority, it presup-
poses in all cases something superior to herself.
In harmony with this higher idea, the Metho-
dist Church has lately struck* the word obey
from its marriage service. e. c. s.
COLORED DEMOCRATS AT THE SOUTH.
It is a great mistake to suppose the colored
voters at the South are all republicans. The
democracy are weaker there than they are wick-
ed, if possible, or they would have had the
whole of that element with it long ago. Had
they been emancipated, they would have fought
the battles of the Confederacy and saved it.
Had they been kindly treated by their old mas-
ters since they were made voters, they would
have ensured the success of the democratic
party against the world. As it is, thousands are
enrolled as democrats, and clubs are already or-
ganized in several states. The Southern news-
papers contain many accounts like the follow-
ing from the New Orleans Timest as well as re-
ports of proceeding of Colored Club meetings in
various places:
We have received several communications inquiring if
negro clubs will be allowed to take part with the demo-
crats in the coming campaign. There is nothing in the
world to-prevent them so doing. Upon the application
to the State Central Committee at the democratic head-
quarters, their services will be cheerfully accepted, and
positions assigned them in ail political demonstrations
made in behalf of the cause that aims at the overthrow
of the carpet-baggers and scall&wags. We do also advise
them to lose no time in organization. Hie campaign has
already opened and will be prosecuted with unflagging
energy.
Commenting on this, a writer in the New York
Times says, This is very judicious, and in
every respect just, and adds :
The colored people have a preponderant vote, of which
they cannot be deprived except with their own assent
This is not to be expected. It is, therefore, very import-
ant that the white citizens should receive the application
of that vote lor the restoration of the public welfare.
This may only be done by securing the confidence of
the colored people, and by explaining to them that their
interests are identical with that of all other permanent
citizens of the South. To deliver this vote to adven-
turers without a social tie may be to add the colored
vote to that of the antagonists of Southern interests.
Gradually and surely this diversion of tho colored vote
will be effected. The first step to secure their confi-
dence would be to satisfy them that their title to them
selves shall never be disturbed. This done, tbe rest wil
follow.
THE FRANKING PRIVILEGE
A Washington correspondent of tbe New York
Times writes of tbe Congressional Halls desert-
ed, that of tbe members of either House only a
sufficient number of each party remain to sup-
ply tbe necessary franking of campaign docu-
ments. And this leads him to say, if tbe dear
people were fully aware of tbe generosity with
which the autographs of members are given to
outside parties to save tbe expense of postage
stamps, given to be used for private correspond-
ence, contrary to express law and to the detri-
ment of tbe national revenue, they would find
occasion for an additional cry of retrenchment.
We have alluded to this same evil (if evil it be)
in The Revolution once or twice ; but as it
is the only instance we know of, in all govern-
ment plundering, where the people are permitted
to shore the spoils, we have ielt disposed to
look at it rather charitably, even though
we ourselves be not among the more favored
ones.


74 %Ut gUvfllntiOtt.
A WIFE- WHIP PER WHIPPED BY
WOMEN.
The Milwaakee Wisconsin gives the follow-
ing account of a scene which shows that wo-
men, too, are catching the prevailing and in-
creasing Lynch-law infection. Carlyle tolls of
an Irishwoman who accidentally caught the
small-pox and gave it to a large number of Eng-
lish ladies, thus proving that she also was a
woman and a sister! Women act in Wisconsin
as men are acting everywhere, showing that
they can avenge their wrongs ; that they can
fight; and wherefore should they not vote ?
But to the account:
Last evening one Mr. Downer preferred a charge of
assault with intent to kill against a number of his neigh-
bors. Downer was a sorry-Iooking objecthis looks
giving the truth to the assertion that he had suffered
some hard usage. His clothes were torn and thoroughly
soaked with water, his face was scratched, and he held
iu his hand bundles of his hair and whiskers which he
said had been pulled out. He was sitting in his house
down on the beach, quietly doing nothing at all to
break the peace, when all the women that lived abont
there entered, mid before he had said a word, assailed
him with clubs, sticks, guns and brickbats, and beat
him shockingly. He knew all the women, and he
wanted them arrested and punished. A well-known
citizen entered the court-room and told the story in a
manner which did not add much to the credit of Dow-
ner. The gentleman had been on the beach for an even-
ing promenade, when his attention was attracted by
loud cries from a knot of shanties some distance away.
Going to them he found Downer indulging in his usual
amusement, whipping his wife, and the woman, suffer-
ing from the blows, was uttering heart-rending cries.
The gentleman, well aware of the danger of interfering
between husband and wife when quarrelling, neverthe-
less was about to interfere, when his attention was at-
tracted to the actions of a woman, who looked as though
she had the strength of a young Samson in her limbs.
She ran from shanty to shanty calling out the women,
who promptly responded, and it did not seem to be
more than ten seconds before a dozen were assembled,
each armed with a mop, a broom, a fire-shovel, or a pair
of tongs. The baud marched directly to the house
whence came the cries, and, without the ceremony of
knocking, entered. The gentleman followed, deeply
interested. There was a sound of voices, as if some-
body was ordering somebody else out of the house in
very coarse language, sadly mixed up with oaths. Then
there was a general onslaught upon the wife-whipper.
Mops that had been soaked in dirty water swabbed his
face; blows from brooms came thick and fast upon his
head. The astonished wife-whipper dropped the sub-
ject of bis blows and looked to his own safety. He
struck at ono of the women with his fist, and this
brought up the rear-guard of fire-shovels and tongs.
On his head came the blows thick and fast. He grap-
pled with one of the women, The rest immediately
dropped their weapons and grappled with him. Strong
they were, their union perfect, and their cause just.
They fairly scratched Downer upon the floor, and
scratched him up again. They left the imprints of their
nails upon his face, and hands, and neck. They pulled
out his hair. Resist he tried to, but he was as a child in
the hands of these strong-armed women, and he soon
found it out. Cowed, beaten, demolished, he bellowed
like a bull, and begged that they would not kill him.
Womans Pluck.Brawny men have made
themselves merry at the suggestion that there
should be women on the police force of cities
and large towns. But read what the New
Hampshire Independent Democrat says of some
of the women there :
A man named Allen got out of his cell in Manchester
jail, on Tuesday, while the jailor was absent, and when
the jailor's wife unlocked the kitchen door to let in a fe-
male prisoner he rushed out, threw her down, and choked
her ; but she rallied and throw Alien in turn, and nearly
mastered him. He got out, however, and was pursued
by three other women, who pounded him with an um-
brella (the only weapon at hand), aud just as he was en-
tering a piece of wood was caught by a couple of men
and taken back to jail, The women showed pluck, and
should be promoted,
FREE 801LI8M OF FRANK BLAIR.
A St. Louis correspondent of the N. Y.
Evening Post furnishes a long biographical
sketch of the democratic candidate for the
Vice-Presidency. Of his Anti-Slavery or Free
Soil professions of several years ago, he says :
Somebody may ask how it happens that a man with
such strong free soil or anti-slavery opinions running
through his record, can now be in full sympathy with
the Wade Hampton party. To this query it is only ne-
cessary to say that the whole basis or substratum of
Frank Blair's free soil doctrines was the consideration of
expediency, or what was best for the whites, and the
material prosperity of the state. He always lacked the
motive of assailing slavery as a moral wrong, he failed to
grasp the underlying principle that the evil is wrong in
itself, but applied himself vigorously to proving that
free labor is the cheapest and that emancipation would
enhance the taxable property of the state. His proposi-
tion to colonize the blacks in Central America shows how
little regard he had for the rights of the colored men of
the country. Hohis free soilism was of that type
which, if it bad prevailed, would have changed the sys-
tem only in name. The idea of elevating a black man by
giving him the elective franchise was as abhorrent to
him as to the old slaveholder. In his present position
be is entirely consistent with himself, for his whole po-
litical platform consists of surface principles.
If this were all there is to be said against
him, he might be the candidate of a vast pre-
ponderance of the republican party as well.
For how are their anti-slavery or free soil pro-
fessions seen to be better than his ?
INFANTICIDE.
JtDGE Ludlow, of Philadelphia, in pronounc-
ing a death beutence on a poor, ignorant, friend-
less and forlorn girl who had killed her new-
born child because she knew not what else to
do with it, addressed her thus :
Hope not against hope; the only pardon which can
in any event cleanse your soul from the stain of this
guilt must be granted by that Divine Being who was the
author of your child's life, and who made it in his own
image.
And now, as magistrates, clothed with this power,
nothing remains for us to do but obey the command of
the constitution and laws of this commonwealth, and
proceed to announce the judgment of the law, which is :
[Here all the j udges rose.]
That Hester Vaughn, the prisoner at the bar, be
taken from hence to the jail of the County of Philadel-
phia from whence she came, and that she be there
hanged by the neck until she is dead. And may God
have mercy upon her soul.
The account adds : the poor woman appeared still un-
able to comprehend her situation, and although the tears
flowed freely, it appeared to be more the result of her
desolate condition, abandoned as she was by every one,
than because of her probable death.
If that po.or child of sorrow is hung, it will
be deliberate, downright murder. Her death
will be a far more horrible infanticide than was
the killing of her child.* She is the child of
our society and civilization, begotten and born
of it, seduced by it, by the judge who pro-
nounced her sentence, by the bar and jury, by
the legislature that enacted the law (in which,
because a woman, she had no vote or voice), by
the church and the pulpit that sanctify the law
and the deeds, of all these will her blood, yea,
and her virtue too, be required! All these
were the joint seducer, and now see if by hanging
her, they will also become her murderer.
A woman in Somerset, Mass., put her mowing
machine together, harnessed her horses, and
cut four acres of grass one day last week. Dar-
ing the recent war a good many women became
mowing machines, and did the haying and
harvesting while husbands and hoys were away
in the harvest fields of death.
INFAMOUS RIOTING.
When young women have their Harvards and
Yales, endowed with millions, and still clamor-
ing, as both those colleges now are, for other
millions, to increase the salaries of profe*sors
and enlarge their operations, is it probable the
newspapers will contain items about them like
this?
After the great rowing match at Worcester, Mass., on
Thursday, the students of Talc and Harvard joined in. a
riotous demonstration. They tore down curtains, broke
windows and furniture, overturned everything moveable
in the streets, tore down signs and defied the polioe.
Thirty of the rioters were arrested and the riot quelled.
Sixteen of them were Friday morning fined twenty dol-
lars each.
Talk of the Ku Klux Klans at the South!
Our colleges, and especially Harvard and Yale,
are a disgrace to even American civilization. It
is high time that at least half the students were
girls, and half the professors women. Not even
the most orthodox churches would be any bet-
ter than Harvard College, made out of male
members alone. Forward, then, with the
women.
SOUND COMMON-SENSE
The West is sparkling all over with news-
papers that talk like the following. The Bur-
lington (Iowa) Hawk-Eye heads an article
Woman, and writes so as to wake the Wapello
Republican of the same state into a strain like
this:
The Hawk-Eye is out in an able article advocating
equal political rights for all, including women. That's
our ticket, too, and i( will win, in the course of time, as
certainly as that truth is mighty and wilLprevail. Ho
man can give a good reason why it should not be adopted
at once. The mass of American women are as intelli-
gent to-day as are the mass of men, while they are vastly
more moral. We never knew an instance in which a
majority of the women of a community were* on the
wrong side of any great moral question, and their general
influence is such that we cannot afford to do without it
in public affairs. We put out our moral eyes and turn
loose the lesser elements, as represented by ignorant,
depraved, vicious men, and they expect humanity to
march in a straight line to governmental justice. It
is one of the things that cant be did, and we do not
see the propriety of continuing the experiment. If any-
body is to be deprived of the suffrage, let it be the de-
praved and the vicious, the drunkard and the idler, the
vagabond, but as for our intelligent mothers, sisters,
wives and daughters, they are eminently entitled to the
right. Suppose there is a brainless woman now and
then who does not want the right and would not exer -
cise it if she had it, that is no argumentfagainst the great
mass of intelligent women who would.
What a French Woman Did.Marie Anne
Victoire Boivin, a French lady, who lived dur-
ing the latter part of the eighteenth century and
the first part of the present century, succeeded
by her diligent study and persevareace in ob-
taining a high distinction as a medical woman,
notwithstanding all the tendencies of the time
to impede and disparage her ; and she is still
widely known by her works on obstetrics. So
much confidence was placed in her, that royalty
was often her patronizes ; and the university of
Marburg, wishing to show her respect, conferred
the degree of Doctor of Medicine upon her.
With this example of conservative France,
why "should th^ medical profession, and es-
pecially the medical colleges of young and pro -
gressive America, treat the women who choose
this profession so contemptuously? But the
women of to-day (thanks to the strong-
minded ) have now colleges of their own, and
axe compelled to beg no more at the gates of
mens,


tfttu ffUvtfltttitftt.
15
NEW YORK STATE TEACHERS'
ASSOCIATION.
This body held a large and interesting meet-
ing last week in Owego. The Owego Gazette
says that among those present was Miss Susan
B. Anthony, proprietor of The Revolution,
who took active part in the discussion, speak-
ing with much earnestness on the Report by
James Johonnot, of New York, on the Culture
of Women. Miss Anthony, too, was heard with
deep interest iu her report on the Schools of
Rochester, her home in years past,.though one
of the male teachers there, Mr. Be Graff, seems
not to have been particularly edified, and spoke
with much warmth and earnestness in defence
of the school officers aud educational interests
of that city.
On the question of a compulsory law in re-
gard to education, Miss Anthony said, Cash
is a more potent argument with the laborer than
lash, and a much more effective means to se-
cure the education of every child in thestate,
would be an amendment of the Constitution
that should allow every person of twenty-one
years of age who can read and write and cipher
to the Rule of Three to vote. Make this the
law, and not a man or woman, rich or poor,
black or white, who has brains enough to learn
thus much will be found in the ignorant, de-
graded, disfranchised department of the popu-
lation.'
WOMEN IN GRANT AND COLFAX
CLUBS.
We thank our Omaha friend for her letter
below ; but until women have a better pros-
pect than the republican party at present offers
them, we can hardly counsel them to join its
clubs. Gen. Grant held at one time that to
give the colored man a vote would produce a
war of raceshow much more then the
colored woman ? or any woman? Now, he de-
clares he knows no law for a President but
the will of the people and the will of a
vast majority of the people is that neither wo-
men nor colored people shall vote. Why, then,
should women or colored men work for him ?
But to the letter :
Omaha, July 31,1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
Knowing with what interest you receive any informa-
tion favorable to the cause so ably advocated iu your
columns, 1 hasten to' put you in possession of the en-
closed report, clipped from a Nebraska paper this morn-
ing. The ball is rolling here as elsewhereslowly but
surely. I have not l^een able to procure many sub-
scribers, but understand another lady, a stranger in the
place, has been more successful. Don't let yourselves
be frightened out of conceit of G-eorge Francis Train.
I didn't know but he might he insane, or a fool myself,
until I heard he advooated woman's rights as well as hu-
man rights generally. Thanks for Mary Wollstonecraft
in The Revolution. I oannot express what I felt
when I saw the first number of your paper. ** Speech
is silver, silence golden," so I will give you what is
host. In haste, g. d. a.
The report referred to is of the formation of
a Grant and Colfax club in Dakota County,
Nebraska, with constitution and officers,
speeches and other etceteras on such occasions,
with adoption of the following resolution :
Resolved, That we most cordially invite the ladies of
our community to become members of this club, and
take part with us in the great cause of right in which we
are engaged.
The demand of the times and of ** The Re-
volution is for a new party based on justice
and righteousness. The country has had quite
too much of both the old parties, and the sooner
they ore swallowed up the better. p. p.
SUDDEN DEATH OF GEN. HALP1NE
Charles G. Halpine, better known, perhaps,
under his sovb'iquet of Miles OReilly, died
about midnight on Sunday last, at the Astor
House, in this city. He was a native of Ireland,
bom in Dublin, in 1830, and graduated from
Trinity College in that city. He was one of
Irelands most giited sons, combining a ver-
satility of talent not often found among men.
As an editor, he had few superiors. The New
York Citizen is assurance of that. In politics, he
was democratic, but labored long and vigorously
to secure the nomination of Judge Chase for the
Presidency, at the recent Convention. And
better far than that, one of the very last articles
he ever wrote for his paper, contained these
memorable words : We are avowedly, unal-
terably and actively for Womans Rights, as ad-
vocated by The Revolution. General Hal-
pine was most happy in his domestic relations,
and leaves a widowjalmost inconsolable at her
loss, and a number of young sons and daughters.
GOLD OR GREENBACKS
Hon. Thaddeus Stevens finds it hard to
make his party understand him. Because he
will not be dragooned into the party traces on
the question of the payment of government
bonds in gold when greenbacks are specified,
his republican brothers are, some of them,
branding him as a democrat, and would thunder,
against him a bull of excommunication from
the party. To such he hurls the following,
dated,
House of Representatives, )
Washington D. C., July 23, 1868. J
Dear Sir : I have not declared for Seymour and
Blair, and never expect to. I have only declared against
fools and swindlers who have fabricated the most atro-
cious falsehoods as to my position on the currency
question.
When I am a little stronger I shall give a full history
of this matter, which will put the fellows to shame if
they are capable of blushing. I shall take care and pro-
tect the tax-payers from usurers, by making every man
pay and receive just according to his contract.
Tours, etc., Thaddeus Stevens.
DEMOCRACY UNDER DIFFICULTIES
The Ku Klux seems not wholly of one party
at the south. A dispatch from New Orleans
dated August 3d, says :
A negro named Will Robbins has been making demo-
cratic speeches to negroes in this city fior a week past.
Several attempts have been made on his life. On Satur-
day night a crowd followed him for several squares, and
tried to drag him from a street car in which he took re-
fuge. He was then arrested on the charge of inciting a
riot, and released on bail. Yesterday another attack
with slungshots was made on him. This morning, on
appearing beiore the Recorder, it was found that the
original charge of inciting a riot had been dropped and
the charge oi carrying concealed weapons substituted ;
but he was discharged by the Recorder. On being re-
leased Rollinss life was again threatened by a crowd of
negroes, but he was escorted by his friends to the rooms
of the Constitution Club on Canal street. The streets in
the neighborhood soon filled with a crowd, and the ex-
citement increased. Governor Warmouth appeared and
mad9 a short but effective speech, telling the. negroes
they should rather protect Rollins in the public expres-
sion of his opinions than seek to deprive him of that
right. He advised the crowd to disperse and go home,
which they did.
To our Subscribers.We wish subscribers
would promptly inform us when their papers
are not regularly received, and we will supply
the lost numbers, if possible. We are sorry to
say our edition oi No, 27 is exhausted.
ANNIVERSARY OF WEST INDIA EMAN-
CIPATION.
The colored people of New York and vicinity
cebrated this, to them and to all real lovers of
liberty, memorable anniversary by a grand
Union pic-nic at Boulevard Grove, in Brooklyn,
on Monday last. The first of August 1834,
saw the end of chattel slavery in the British
West Indies. From that time American abo-
liti onists were accustomed to observe the day
as another, a more excellent 4th of July. And
the grandest grove meetings ever witnessed in
Massachusetts were held for many years on the
first of August in honor of that event.
From the account of the gathering at Brook-
lyn on Monday (a very meagre one), it would
seem that, our colored friends kept more to re-
cent and remote transactions in this country,
than to the West India Islands. Mr. J. A.
Trower, the manager on the occasion, after
apologizing for the absence of the speaker who
was to have delivered the opening address, said :
Ladies and gentlemen, by a stroke of the pen,
4,000,000 of human beings like ourselves have
been made free, after wearing the chains of
slavery for 250 years. We have paid for our
freedom on many a well fought, battle-field and
we are ready again to shoulder the musket in
defence of our homes and the good stars and
stripes. After all, we are not considered good
enough to vote under the banner of this free
land. We are thought worthy to handle the
bullet, but not the ballot. They tell us that we
know how to fight but do not know how to vote.
If we can be trusted in war, we ought to be
trusted in peace. The day appears to have
been given mostly to dancing and other festivi-
ties.
A YOUNG WOMANS CLUB.
The London Queen says a number of ladies
and gentlemen propose to form a club fr those
young. women wlio are employed in London,
and who have no relatives or friends to whose
houses they can resort on Sundays or during
the leisure of the week-day evenings. Itis sug-
gested that at these institutions young women
shall be free from all interference, but where,
at the same time, the managment shall be such
as to secure the members from evil influences.
While there should be perfect independence,
it is maintained that opportunities should, at
the'same time, be afforded for the cultivation of
elevating pursuits and a refined taste. At a
club such as is now proposed, the members
would find refreshments of all kinds, good in
quality and moderate in price, means of rest,
of writing, of society, and of access to books
and periodicals. It is held that such places are
especially needed on Sundays, in consequence
of the custom which prevails in many establish-
ments of requiring the young women to leave
the house on that day. For those who have no
homes in London this is obviously a very se-
rious evil.
The Mormons.Nearly a thousand women
have passed through New York within a month
on their way to Salt Lake and the Mormons.
Who can tell through what anguish of spirit
many of these may have passed before thus dis-
posing of soul and body, life and liberty, for-
ever ? It is olten said, and never doubted, that
adversity tries our friends but how much
more may it not also try ourselves!


76
CO UNTRY HOMES.
Such is the name of a little newspaper pub-
lished at Toms .River, N. J., by G. M. Joy and
0. C. Bristol, monthly, at fifty cents, per an-
num. We clip the following sensible remarks
from the first number :
There are ten thousand females in New York City
alone, who, if they knew what could be done, would
come to Now Jersey in flocks. Thousands are crawling
to early graves from over work and starvation v ho ought
to he on the land, cultivating the fine fruits, berries,
flowers and plants. Other thousands who are willing to
work, but v ould be tabooed by their more fortunate
neighbors, friends and relations, if they stooped to do
labor.
It is no disgrace here In Jersey for a lady to be seen
in her garden at work. Why may not a woman plant
five acres of fruit and berry land and superintend it as
well as a man ? Not the least reason in the world why
she should not. There are thousands plenty able to buy
five or ten acres, put a snug little house on it, who are
now living in large cities in genteel poverty, because a
constrained custom will not allow them to work and hold
a position in society. It is high time a break was made
for womanthat some of her wrongs were regarded.
Say what they may, Miss Anthony and Mrs. Stanton are
doing a good work with their Revolution? in New
York, for woman, and we hope they will keep on till
they produce a Revolution indeed.
We say to all who are able, get out of tbe vile stench of
cities; get on to tbe soilno matter bow you live for a
year or so. Your reward will come in a short time when
you will have a little farm paid for, living independently
of a cold, heartless, fashionable society and its im-
perious dictates. Come to New Jersey and see how
happy and healthy a population we have.
A DOUBT OF REPUBLICAN SUCCESS.
A ver 2 intelligent western correspondent, in
a private letter to the proprietor of The
Revolution, writes as follows, under date
July 31, 1868 :
I am not ready for a third party just now. It seems
to me the best interests of the country demand the
election of Grant and Colfax, and that nothing should be
done that would tend to jeopardize it. I feel that their
election is extremely doubtful.
I shall not be surprised to see every southern state
vote for Seymour and Blair. The southern people have
let things go their own way up to this time, but they
will vote the black man, in nine cases out of ten, as they
wish in the future ; and will for President, unless I am
greatly mistaken.
If Grant and Colfax can be elected, our country will
have peace and quiet. If Seymour and Blair, we shall
have violent agitation and excitementan unsettling of
everything for four years, and will be lucky if we es-
cape another civil war that will make the northern states
the theatre of strifes similar to those enacted in every
county in Missouri during the war. The south will be
almost a unit, the north divided; with a President who
will be hound to ally himself with the disunionists.
If Grant is elected, it settles all questions as to recon-
struction, and parties may reorganize on new prin-
ciples, and then, and not till then, will womans time
have fully come.
We hold free discussion to be a sacred .right,
and so allow it to be said in 4 The Revolution
that womans time will not come till Grant,
Colfex, and nobody knows who else, have
been elected, the democrats squelched, peace
restored and millennium gilds all our mountain
tops with glory. But we reserve the right to
think and to say that postponing Womans
Rights, or anybodys rights who is unjustly de-
prived of them, is a greater evil than Gen.
Grant and all his army could redress, were the
one President and the other his own right arm
through the whole coming four years. When
will this devil of Compromise be cast out?
Why will Seymour be elected ? Because the
World supports him. Why will Seymour not
be elected? Because U. S. does not support
im,
Site
KIDNAPPING AND LUNATIC ASYLUMS.

A lax>y who had been once an inmate of a
lunatic asylum used to say that had she not been
insane when taken there, the scenes she often
witnessed would have made her so. The news-
papers this week are filled with accounts of one
of the atrocities which there is too much reason
to believe are not of nnfrequent occurrence in
these institutions. The following appears in
the New York papers of Tuesday :
One could not have thought it possible that in this age
of liberty any sane person could have been cribbed,
cabined, and confined in an asylum, but the matters
which came to light yesterday on the hearing of an appli-
cation for a writ of Jtabeas corpus showed too plainly the
falseness of that supposition; for Dr. Buttolph, the
keeper of the Trenton Lunatic Asylum, made affidavit
that he had under his charge a Mrs. Frances J. Merrit,
whom he believes not insane, but had been kept there
because the usual formalities of law for her admission
had been gone through. That Mrs. Merrit in question
was tbe widow of the late William Morton. On the 4th
of July last she thought it best to change her condition,
and thenceforward her troubles seem to have com-
menced. She got married to Col. H. D. Merrit, a young
gentleman of 24 or 25 years of age, rather low in stature,
and good-looking. Five days following, she left her house
at the request of her brother, Edward Livingston Price,
who had her conveyed in a carriage to the I^ergen county
Poor House. Thence She was taken to Hackensack,
where a jury was impanelled under commission. With-
out friends to defend her, or notioe being given to her
husband, she was declared insane, and was next trans-
ferred to the Trenton Lunatic Asylum, where she was
discovered by her husband, who bad learned of her de-
tention there from a friend. When the matter came be-
fore Judge Bedell, at the Hudson county Court House
yesterday, Mr. Gilchrist, on behalf of her relatives, op-
posed her discharge for the present, on the ground that
a new trial was to be had, at which the husband was ex-
pected to be present. Senator Winfield and Mr. Scudder,
on behalf of the lady, opposed this delay, on the ground
that it was harrowing to her feelings to be thus kept in
confinement, and read a letter from a Mr. Shlffen, a
friend of Mrs. Merrit, whioh stated that she was un-
doubtedly of sound mind. On the other side there were
two affidavits read, one from Mrs. Merrits mother, and
the other from Mr. Zabriskie, the family physician, stating
that the woman had been for some time insane; and it was
argued that none could tell so well as those two the state of
the ladys mind. Counsel for the applicant pointed out
an irregularity in the proceedings before the Chancellor
aud on this ground the Judge charged that the ladys
committal was not regular, and she should be discharged.
The matter thus rests for the present, but the question
of her sanity will be again tried before a jury.
Reign of Terror.Tlie papers on Monday
almost smelled of blood. From Vermont to
Texas there were accounts of shootings, stab-
blngs, torturings and tormentings to chill tbe
soul with horror. A murder mania has seized
the nation. Were as many dying by cholera as
now die by assassination, the country would be
convulsed with terror. And the scene grows
worse and worse. The present prospect is, that
the Presidential contest must become a whole-,
sale tragedy before its termination. The voice
of the south is still for war, and northern coun-
sels are doing little to appease it. p. p.
What is a Religious Radical?Every re-
ligious sect has its radical and conservative
school. A conservative Unitarian or Uni-
versalist blends easily with a radical evan-
gelical. But a radical Unitarian or Universalist
is as much an abomination to a conservative of
his own sect as an evangelical radical is to his.
All seem to touch conservatism on the left hand
and radical on the right. But there is a point
of vision so high and holy as to point down all
these to their relative unimportance, as the
view from a mountain sinks all the distant hills
to a common level with the plains,
TEE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVEN-
TION AND WOMANS SUFFRAGE *
From Die Zukunft (The Future.)
Translation.
The proprietor and editors of the jour cal for women,
published in New York, The Revolution, have
hithertoof course, without denouncing the principles
of libertyshown a certain tendency toward the demo-
cratic party, and promoted their canse on account of the
subsidies received from them, and of the efforts of
Tilden and Train in favor of Womens Suffrage.
This predilection of The Revolution for the de-
mocratic party will, we suppose, now cease, as the
Democratic National Convention has considered Wo-
mans Suffrage in a manner which hardly could please
the editors. Susan B. Anthony, the secretary of the
Womens Suffrage Association of America, had sent
in an address to the Convention, in which she very
prettily and ably explained tbe just claims of women to
participate in voting, and asked for the admission of Wo-
mans Suffrage in tbe democratic platform. But, alas I
all the bright hopes which The Revolution had put
in the noble democracy were annihilated with a single
blow.
When the letter was read, a loud groaning and hooting
arose. The noble democrats bad nothing more for the
rights of women than rowdy-like and obscene laughter.
Will The Revolution now soon comprehend that
Cady Stanton and Susan Anthony were mocked by
Train and the other democrats, and that they only wero
used in Kansas to offer a defeat to the negro suffrage.
They who deny suffrage to the negro will hardly resolve
to concede it to the white women, for the prejudice
against the women is stronger than against the negroes.
In consequence, the only hope for women is In radi-
calism.
The above better becomes German than Eng-
lish. Translated, it reads sadly enough, and is
not creditable to the writer. Of course with-
out denouncing the principles of liberty! j
Well, we have not denounced them badly ; the
real principles. But our devil, who, we are
sorry to say, is a little given to profanity, on
great provocation, wants to know what the d1
Tilden and subsidies have to do with
The Revolution? or Train with the demo-
cratic party ? As to Miss Anthonys reception
by the Democratic Convention, we have already
more than once done ample justice to it in
these columns. But the intimation of Die
Zulamfi about Kansas is downright weakness
as well as wickedness. For it was not until
Mrs. Stanton and Miss Anthony found they were
indeed mocked by the republicans, and
only used to defeat their own cause, that they
accepted the services of Mr. Train, and by his
hearty and powerful co-operation wrung out
more than nine thousand votes in their favor,
a large portion of which were of the demo-
cratic party. p. p.
Loosing for Help in the Right Direction.'
A writer in Boston Zion's Herald says : in
these eventful times, when all the powers of
darkness seem mustering for terrible if not final
conflict, when good mens hearts sometimes al-
most fail them, and they begin to cast about
them to ascertain whence their help shall come,
at last they begin to turn their eyes to woman,
looking to her to redeem the times.
Whom to Marry.A western editor thinks
men make a mistake when they marry for
beauty, for talent, or for style ; the sweetest
wives being those who possess the magic secret
of being contented under any circumstances.
Rich or poor, high or low, it makes no differ-
ence ; the bright little fountain of joy bubbles
up just as musically in their hearts. Whom
should woman marry? asks The Revolu-
tion.


LETTER FROM, GERMANY.
Translation.
The Revolution sweeps over land and
sea, waking voices everywhere. We have just
received the following eloquent responsive echo
from a lady in Germany. Truly our journal
was only up to time. We gladly greet our Ger-
man contemporary, and accept the proffer of
an exchange.
Honored Editors of Revolution : Permit a Ger-
man lady, who since her earliest days of girlhood, and
during the past twenty-five years has struggled ior the
rights of our sex, to extend to you across the ocean the
sisterly hand, and to joyously salute you as a promoter
of our cause.
Between 1849 and 1852 I edited a journal for women,
but it became a victim of the predominating reaction,
and although the state of affairs has advanced so far
now, that it became possible for me again during the
past three years to start anew as well a journal for the
womens question under the title Neue Bahnen
, (New Paths) as the General German Club for Women
we are still so very much behind in Germany, and so
surrounded with prejudices, that I, in order to procure
access for our ideas, have to proceed in the most cautious
manner, and in fact I only dare to .express our desires
and objects under the American banner; thatis, lalways
like to point out how in America they are ahead of us,
aud how much there is done by and for women, so as to
show our German sisters how much we are behind, and
how moderate our demands are, though they are con-
sidered here as very bold!
Convinced that it is of value as well to you as to me to be
posted in regard to the womens movements of other
countries, I propose an exchange of our papers, and in
order to bring more before the eyes of the Germans the
example of the American women, you would confer a
favor upon me by taking notice of our effort in your
paper.
With sincere sisterly greeting, I am, yours most obe-
diently, Louise Otxo Peters.
Leipsic, Seitenstrasso, No. 1,15th 6 mo., 1868.
TO MY FRIEND IN RHODE ISLAND.
Dear Mbs. Sms : Many read your articles in The
Revolution with considerable relish. I have felt
constrained for some time to write and ask you a few
questions which I have vainly tried to answer for a num-
ber oi years. Please excuse me. Your ideas all meet
my approvalmy intense appreciationbut they do oc-
casionally seem not a little impracticable. You counsel
all women who are slighted, ill-treatedput aside for
othersto step immediately out of the ranks. It strikes
me that is more easily said than done. How is a woman
to support herself and children if she voluntarily turns
from her husband ? But then I have no grievance of
this sort. I am a widow with two children, and pos.
sessed of a handsome property, the greater part of which
was invested in real estate and railroad stock before my
husbands death. Since then, I have had to study righ
hard to acquaint myself with the technicalities .of busi
ness, and have at last acquired a fair knowledge of trade.
I am the wealthiest person in town, and yet have no-
voice in any affairs connected with town improvements.
Does a road require to be cut through, a street to be
paved or graded, a public school or armory to be built,
a meeting is immediately called of all the men owning
property in the town, and my money is voted away ex-
actly as they feel disposed, and the consequence is I am
everlastingly taxed for additions which are not improve-
ments, while many things are neglectedoverlooked
which I would gladly help through, were it possible for
a woman to make a suggestion and have it receive the
least consideration. There are other women who, like
myself, are heavy tax-payers, and if you oan give a hint
in regard to the best way of dealing with this question
you will confer a favor upon several as much in the dark
as your humble servant.
The above is an extract of a letter received from a lady
residing in a town of about five thousand inhabitants in
the State of Rhode Island.
To begin, then, Mrs. M., I know all about that place.
Strange, but true, I was born there. There my youth
was spent, and there from the Ladies Seminary,
which was once an honor to the state, did the stranger
you have called upon to reply to your questions gradu-
ate. I know all about the men who axe property own.
ers thereknow that any woman who would dare open
her mouth in regard to anything so essentially un-
womanly, as these moguls consider voting, or the ap-
propriation of her own funds, must expect to be ever-
lastingly snubbed.
In regard to the impracticability of my advice to mar-
ried women who are unfortunate enough to possess ty-
rants for husbandswretches who have no regard for
the marital obligationI can only repeat my convictions
on the subject, strengthened every day by new develop-
ments. I speak from terrible experience, my dear
friend, having for the last thiee years supported my-
self and a family of children by my own individual ex-
ertions. When I finally decided that farther disgrace
could not be borne without the burial of the last atom
of my self-respect (a quality which, of all others, I dis-
liked to part with), I humbly and tearfully asked a di-
vIua blessingasked that my way might be made plain,
arose from my knees with a determination to go it alone,
and have never for a moment faltered.
What is the poor-house, the wash-tub, starvation or
death, compared to the agony of a woman occupying the
position of a slave ? second to some female whom the
precious husband has entrapped into his wily meshes ?
It was not impracticable with me, why should it be with
others ? I have been asked by several to treat this sub-
ject at more length, and will some time.
Now for your questions in regard to yourself. It ap-
pears to me that your position is exactly the one to en-
able you to be popular with those of your own sex. Yon
bave money, social standing and education. Your
movements must be characterized by dignity and ex-
treme tact; and, more than all, yon must bear in mind
that patience and determination will, in most cases, en-
sure the success of an unjust cause, how much more
then that one having for its watchwords justice and
equality.
In tho first place, it would be a good plan to imitate-
your sisters of Gotham. Form a club, and meet weekly'
for the discussion of affairs connected with your social
and pecuniary interests. Sound the depths, go to the
bottom, and see how many women you have in town
who can be depended upon ; who will make hard warfare
against intolerance. There must be a beginning, and
this will be a good initiatory movement. Frequent dis-
cussings, comparing notes with each othor, reading
aloud articles from The Revolution (which I am
glad to find is no stranger in, my native town), will give
you a breadth and earnestness which will finally do away
with this nonsensical squeamisbness about the so much
talked of uufeminine element. Instruct your husbands,
brothers and friends that it is as much for their interest
as your own for women to be capable, self-reliant and
earnest j then do not wait to be invited. That day is
still in the dim distance, although I do candidly be-
lieve that the time will arrive, and before many years,
when men will be glad to take women into their public
counsels (as many of them do now behind the door).
March boldly to the town meetings, and demand your
right to have a voice in whatever is going on. Every
question that concerns the public prosperity, you, as
property owner, have a right to be consulted about. It
is unnatural, monstrous, that women should sit quiet
and allow men to dispose of their rights, as they have
been doing ever since the creation.
I was considerably amused the other day at receiving
a letter from a young lady friend in New Hampshire,
who wished to know what these advocates of Womans
Bights looked like ? Were they nearly all old maids ?
and did they wear polcy bonnets and unfashionable
dresses? and those that were married, did they insist
that their husbands should stay at home aud take care
of thebabies while their wives lectured and made stump
speeches about the oountry ?
Her Ignorance was only second to that of a prominent
New Xork editor, who, alter I had spoken my mind
pretty freely in regard to womans wrongs, looked up
wit!) a subdued expression oi counteuance and re-
marked :
Really, Mrs. Kirk, you must excuse me, but from
the depths of my soul I hope you aro not becoming
fascinated with this new movement. I suppose most of
the women who advocate suoh doctrines are believers
in, and followers of, that wretched free-loveism which
has accomplished so much mischief in the United
States.
We forgot for a moment that to call ones brother a
fool was not exactly orthodox, and muttered something
exceedingly like it.
To my young friend in New Hampshiro I say, the
sooner you do away with these erroneous views in re-
gard to those of your own sex who are noblj struggling
against adverse elements, in order that their sisters may
be kept from fainting and falling, in order that they may
realize the right to dispose of their own earnings as they
feel disposed, the better. You are on the wrong track.
Take The Revolution regularly, and read it care-
fully. This is a common cause, and numbers among its
advocates, the weak, the firm, the high, the low. The
very first minds of tho country have taken hold of it
with a will. Do hot worry your little heart about the
style of these women. Our representatives are to be
found in Fifth avenue, in the parlors of the rich, in the
kitchens of the poor ; and there is not the slightest dis-
position on the part of the supporters of right to inter-
fere with the tasteful costume of any individual, pro-
vided health be not sacrificed to fashion. Thatavail.
Eleanor Kirk.
WHO ARE THE REPUDIATORS ?
Monet paid for an equivalent not seen, felt, crrealized,
is almost like money lost. The cancelling even of old
debts contracted in honor, and for value received, brings
more or less the feeling of a loss equal to the amount of
indebtedness thus paid. And the payment of the indebt-
edness of the United States has muoh of this character
connected with it. Still, I say, we are in honor hound to
pay every cent we'owe. I use the word we, as applying
to every American citizen, excluding none. The debt
was contracted in tbe interest and for the benefit of all
parties, and all should bear equally the burden of tax-
ation.
Under the present construction of the constitution and
laws, the United States bonds must be redeemed, princi-
pal and interest. This indebtedness is liquidated with-
out tbe bonds themselves being disturbed in the slight-
est ; they must be cancelled by taxing other property en
tirely. I assert that the thousands of millions of dollars
invested in United States bonds, are owned almost en-
tirely by the wealthy citizens of this and other countries,
and that as the laws now are executed, they must all be
taken up and the interest paid on them, until both princi-
pal and interest are paid by the non-bondholding portion
of community, made up of the poorer classes; of the mass
es who depend upon their daily toil for the daily bread of
themselves and families. The hungry millions who have
not laid by their thousands for fnture use where they
cannot be taxedthese are the parties who now are
slowly and surelythrough toil and wantpaying off
the nations debt. Is this right ? Who answers ? The
few bondholders say yes I while from the millions comes
up the earnest no!
It ip all idle to talk about validity of contracts.
The very ground work of our government rests upon
equal rights to all.n The only excuse for the issuance
of such bonds is,that it was a militarynecessity
which knows no law. Is this any reason why after such
necessity has passed, this state of things should con-
tinue ? Government had the benefit, we all shared alike
in this benefit. Now, all should share alike in paying
for the same. During the war, surgeons were in the
habit of taking buildings, whether owned or occupied by
friend or foe, for hospitals, as military necessities; is
that any reason for the continuance of such practice.
Are those buildings anywhere retained for tbe use of
such surgeons ? By no means ; not only is the property
given up. but proper damages paid for the same. Not
so with the wholesale system of raising monej. The
property then taken is still held, and all efforts at restora.
tion are failures. Still, the poor masses are made to pay
the debts of the rich. Wiseacres, thinking themselves
great political economists, thrust their fingers in their
ears, and foolishly imagine the people are satisfied be-
cause they cannot hear their cries. But when too late,
they will hear the voices oi their opponents demanding
their seats in the high councils of the nation. It is unfor-
tunate for the country that Pendleton was not nominated
by the democrats. Had he been a republican, Congress
would have enacted a law, taxing the interest on the
bonds,purely as a matter of policy, not because it
would be rightnow, no such act will become a law.
The facts are, that both parties stood alike on the bond
question. Each may prate and dodge as much as it likes,
they are both wrong on the financial question. Belmonts
bonds ran Seymour on to iha democrats, and the repub-
licans have not yet become sufficiently awakened to the
demands of the people in a financial direction.
As I intimated, tbe payment oi these vast millions
seems like so many millions lost. Now, the question is,
whoshall suffer this loss? Asitisnow, the poorer classes
or non-bondholders suffer the entire loss. My plan is for
all parties to be equal sharers ; no one class having any
advantage. To accomplish this, there may be several
ways ; one is tor government to equalize by issuing
greenbacks enough to purchase the bonds, making
money plenty and within the reach oi all; another.


78
t Stwlfttltfii*'
which is perhaps the best for the present, is to tax
the iocome of the bonds, or any other method which
will reach the case, so that there shall bo no favored
classes of property, all parties helping to pay alike
the nation's indebtedness. Failing to do this, failiug
to restore the rights of tho people,mark what is
just as certain to happen as time is to continue.
A complete repudiation of every bond issued by
goverumontf the bread and butter cry can be ap-
preciated by an outraged people, and it will bring the
law-making power to its senses, if nothing else will. I
am opposed to bringing abont any such contingency.
But it will come if uot prevented. And what, pray, will
be the effect? Why simply this, and nothing mere. 4$
the laios are now executed, the rich repudiate the payment
by themselves of the bonds they own, obliging the poor to pay
them, while in the other case, the poor will repudiate the
payment of the bonds they do not own. Now, which is the
worst ? In this view, which I believe to be the correct
one, well may the question be asked, who are now the
repudiators? Every individual who holds a United
States bond, and refuses for any reason to be taxed for
the same, is directly favoriug repudiationhe is actually
practicing repudiation. And who will be to blame if
others aro swift to learn from such examples ? Thus far,
the payment of the bonds has only been repudiated by their
rich owners, while the poor non-owners have quietly and
promptly paid what the bondholders have repudiated.
Supposing after a time the tables should be turned, and
the poor non-bondholders should repudiate f would the
first repudiators then suffer more than the second re-
pudiators do now t Cannot the wealthy bondholders lose
their bondswhile in most cases, they have other prop,
erty to fall back uponeasier than tbe poor laboring
masses caa pay for the bonds owned by these same
wealthy bondholders ? The owners of bonds have been
and are now acting repudiation, carefully concealing the
true state of the case from the masses. Let, however,
one of the people cry repudiation, and see with what holy
horror the bands and voices of the gloved aristocracy are
raised against such presumption and arrogance. Listen,
ye bondholders l Would you save your money ? Petition
Congress at once to tax your wealthfor mark me; a tide
is surging on your track which will sweep your riches
from you, as dust is washed by the waves from the sandy
Shore! An gits.
WOMAN'S DEGRADATION. .
i t
Quaint old Fuller used often to express himself to
this effect: Thatit was almost impossible lor any part
of the world to be really enlightened and happy whilst
other sections were in barbarism and in misery, just
as a man cannot smile on one side of his face whilst he
has the toothache or neuralgia on the other. This ap-
plies, as it did, to labor and slavery, especially to wo-
man ; who can scarcely hope for permanent and proper
status unless her sisters all over the world be recog-
nized and rightly treated wherever their powerful in-
fluence can be felt. A little leaven leaveneth the whole
lump for good or for evil; and if American women
suffer because of Asiatic sensuality, it is to be hoped
that the glorious movement which The Revolution
directs will permeate to theremotest ends of the earth.
Lately we hear from the Courrier Busse there has been
an Oriental spectacle, reminding one of some of tbe
scenes described in sacred history and the marriage of
Abasuerus ; and it took place at Pekin on the 27th of
March last. The young Emperor of China having
reached the age of fourteen, the time had come when a
wife had to be chosen for him. One hulndred and twenty
young girls, ranging from eleven to nineteen years old,
were admitted to tbe palace on the previous evening as
candidates. Seven wero chosen from this number, who
had to submit to an examination before the empress
mother, whose bnsinoss it is to make the choice. Let-
ters from Pekin of the 2d of April inform us, that the
young lady-upon whom the choice of the prince and his
mother fell, was born at Monkden, in tbe province of
Ching-King, that she had attained her eleventh year, and
that she was extremely beautiful. Now I have always
looked upon tho book of Esther, as an exparle Jewish
statement, permitted, doubtless, for wise reasons, but
my sympathies have leaned towards the unfortunate
Queen Vashfci, who was cruelly deposed, as I think, be-
cause her womanly modesty and self respect would not
permit her t) tamelj submit to the tyranny and shame-
ful request of the King Abasuerus. Rightly read, it will
be seen this sensual monarch wished to make her a spec-
tacle to bis visitors and courtiers, and, bragging of her
beauty of face and form, to exhibit her in a state of
nudity to those about him; a monstous thing to do, but
which is too often done, at least in the East, at the
present day. We must change all this, whether it occur
in China or nearer home To this main end, The Revo-
tion exists and must continue. The degradation of
woman which led to the claim of indecency, injustice
and cruelty exhibited at the Persian court, because
Yashti resisted a shameful exposure before a licentious
court, au iniquitous practice, for withstanding which
I have thought she deserved the approbation of all. I
say, such chance of humiliation ought forever be swept
away, and I must not be ^understood as thinking, that
generally females are not much indebted to Christianity,
because I reflect on this portion of tbe Jewish Scriptures.
1 think that Christianity maintains their true dignity and
shields their modesty. The order of nature is observed,
and no degrading concubinage permitted. Christianity
raises tbe humblest Cbristain female far above tho
highest among the heathen, and offers her a sole place
in the affections of her husband, and introduces her to
intellectual and social society, insuring to her all tbe
privileges of tbe Church of God. If, politically, women
were as free as they are religiously in the pale of the
Church, the hour of her degradation would have passed
by, and she would be so much the more honored, re-
spected, and loved.
Then breathless wrong
Shall sit and pant in the great chairs of ease;
And pursy insolence shall break bis wind,
With fear and horrid flight. D. w.
A CHEER FROM CALIFORNIA.
Permit me to say with othersAll hail to The Rev-
olution may it be made the means of awakening the
women of America to a rational consideration of their
true position. The deprivations to which they have so
unjustly been subjected are numerous, but the one mor-
tifying fact, that they arc not recognized as citizens of
the country of their birthis sufficient, one would sup-
pose, to call forth their honest indignation, inviting them
to look wisely into tfie condition of things, and in the
name of justice to demand their rights.
There are thousands who see and feel the fraud and
tyranny practiced upon them, while others are indiffer-
ent, as is always the case wherever oppression, in any
form, obtains.
Aye, some even hug the chains of bondage, seeming to
prefer their serfdom to libertyand this, according to
the representations of Horace Greeley, is the general
condition of the women ot this country. When a nation
or individuals have become thus debased, it is time
that something should be done to enlighten and elevate,
Yours for justice, e. t. s.
The Tribune Witty.Mr. Greeley says :
George Francis Susan Pillsbury Stanton Anthony is
satisfied with her reception before ibe Democratic con-
vention. The Revolution will go the whole hog*
Wade Hampton, Doolittle, Forest, Dixon, Quantrell,
Blair, and all 1
Tell us though next time, friend Greeley,
where-away the laugh comes in. We cheerfully
forgive the whopper at the close of the bril-
liant, inasmuch as the list does not include the
name ot the whoppist himself.
A Saratoga correspondent of the New York
Express says the ladies are so smitten with the
beauty of Mayor Hoffman, now a visitor at the
Springs, and who may be next candidate for
Governorof New York, that they begin alrea y
to wish they had the right to rote. Give
women the ballot and independence, and then all
candidates will be handsome menor women.
Vbbd Antique.The greenest thing seen
lately is the following from the Worcester
Advertiser:
An exchange says: It seems the ladies of Passaic,
N. J., who recently voted, only did so upon compulsion,
and many of them felt very badly about it afterwards.
One of the richest ladies in the town, after depositing
her ballot, went borne and criedall tho afternoon.'
But the greenest is when the Worcester editor adds, as
though ho believed the sfcary : This goes to confirm a
previous impression and conviction that the great ma-
jority of intelligent ladies do not desire to become
voters, and that they will not if they have an opportu-
nity.
LI1ERARY.
Grant as a Soldier and Statesman : A succinct
history of his military and civic career. By Edward
Howland. Hartlord: J. B. Burr & Co. A massive vol-
ume (like its subject) the publishers have given us of
more than 630 pages octavolike many human constitu-
tions, the material a good deal preponderating. The
paper is thick, the type large, and a broad margin sur-
rounding every pagemaking easy and rapid reading j
and delightful reading too, doubtless, to a majority of
tbo legal voters of tho United Sates, if they could get it.
And bad the women the right of suffrage, the majority
would be much greater. There are several illustrations,
but it seems hardly necessary to exhibit tbe hero always
and everywhere with his unquenchable cigar. In 1810,
Gen. Harrison as candidate was the Hard Cider hero ;
a sad drawback to the Temperance enterprise, then just
inaugurating the Washingtonian mode ot reforming even
the most abandoned inebriate, wondrously successful
for a timo, but now unfortunately lost. In so sublime a
transaction as the surrender of Lee, one would think
the usually omnipresent nuisance might have been dis-
pensed with. For the sake of the oxample, when almost
every young man, and, shame to say it, many young
women too, as well as old, are becoming victims to tbe
vulgar and loathsome habit of using tobacco, it certainly
would be wiser to placo all our eminent men in tbe
most favorable possible light. But surely were there no
immorality in the practice of tobacco using, it should bo
an offence against good taste to present a hero with the
symbol of a slavish weakness ever in his mouth. The
Spartans made their meanest slaves beastly drunk at
times, and thon exhibited them to tbeir sons in that
condition, as a warning. We present our chiefs and
most distinguished personages in character, as though
their uncleannesses were to be specially imitated. No
wonder the poor Cretans grow proud of their goitre 1
There are so many Lives of Gen. Grant springing up
gourd-like on every hand, (hat it is difficult to make se-
lection. The one before us is too expensive tor circula-
tion among tbo millions ; tbe majority that seem now
likely to vote for the republican as against the demo-
cratic candidate. But to those who can afford it, and
who believo in the illustrious soldier and statesman/1
with the abatements we have ventured to make, it can-
not be too highly recommended.
The Radical for August has come well laden as usual.
Some new writers too we* notice; our friend, David
Wilder, whose able articles have often appeared in The
Revolution, on tho Remedy for our Financial Diffi-
culties, is particularly clear and able in treating his
subject. Francis Barry has some trenchant thoughts on
Woman in Marriage. Air. A. Bronson Alcott condenses
a volume into a page on Plotinus, and Rutger B. Miller
disposes in a inastorly manner of the Nicene creed from
the scientific and positive point of view. The age could
not pay itself a higher compliment than to give the
Radical a support and circulation second to no Periodical
in the country. S. H. Morse and J. B. Marvin, editors
and proprietors, 25 Broomfield street, Boston.
The Atlantic Monthly for August has come, re-
minding that the beautiful summer is rapidly passing,
Tbe August number has been distilled out of terrible
heatsninety-six to a hundred and four Farrenheitbut
bears the climate well. Mr. Parton has an excellent ar-
ticle entitled Will the Coming Man Drink Wine? He
answers emphatically. No ; which spine may think set-
tles the election in November against the republican
party. Mr. Parton, not long ago, wrote admirably on
the question Will it Pay to Smoke ? Here, again, his an.
swer was a perfect stunner to the hero of the Habana.
A few such articles might ruin the republican ticket.
Still, Mr. Parton should write on. The Monthly needs
him. Mankind caonot do without him. We aro try
ing to bring the Monthly up to the demauds of
tbe .day, and not without hope. It constantly im-
proves. We do not expect it to reach tbe standard of
The Revolution. No journal in the land does that.
TheN, Y. Independent, at one time, came nearest to it,
but -it bas lapsed away into the party of a * Coming
Man who, it has often averred, does tarry long at the
wine, or worse, not to speak of Mr. Pattons other demon,
the unquenchable cigar. The democratic journals are
hurrying the nation into war, and as near back to slavery
as possible, so that The Revolution stands alone in
repudiating all parties, all policies of reconstruction that
make any distinction of civil, political, educational, or
religions rights on account of race, color, or sex. Our own
position thus understood, we have no hesitation in re-
commending tbe Atlantic Monthly as second to no jour-


nal of ifcs kind in the country. If it does not absolutely
advocate our doctrines of suffrage and citizenship, it is a
long time since wo have seen open or covert warfare
upon them in its pages. Boston : Ticknor & Fields
New York : 03 Bleeker street. $4 per annum.
'EXTRACT OF A PRIVATE LETTER.
July 26, 1868.
Why is it, that if a woman falls once, she is forever
debarred from the sunlight and smile of humanity,
while man, the cause, can pursue a life of infamy and
walk with upright carriage and be received in the best
society with approbation, smiles and forgiveness ?v This,
to my mind, is a very, very strange paradox, and the
sooner means are taken to make the world consistent in
this respect the better for all Gods children. Our demo-
mooratic friend fears for the safety of society. Rather
than let this great wrong continue and multiply, let so-
ciety be completely organized, Revolutionized ; for the
Lord and all good men and women know there is need
of it. What is proposed to be done, is to raise all man-
kind from the slough of sin, injustice, disease and
misery, by giving to woman the position which God
nature and justice designed. When that day arrives,
and not till then, will prostitution, unhappy marriages,
domestic, social and national discord cease.
Italian Amazons.The Paris Epoque announces that
Madame Italia Garibaldi, the lately married wife of Me-
notti Garibaldi, proposes raising a battalion of amazons.
Two of her friends are now in England endeavoring to
recruit for the force.
OAtmoN.-rIn remitting money to The Re-
volution always prefer the Post-office Money
Order system to any other. Keep this in mind.
It may save many a loss.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, EOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors io Artisans and Immigrants. At
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paledfrom Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean io Ocean,
from Omdhato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion io seU foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A FENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.'
VOL. n.NO. 5.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
SHE CHANGE IN THE ERIE MANAGEMENT FALLS
LIKE A WET BLANKET ON THE STREET. *
JAY GOULD, JIM FISK AND BILL TWEEDTHE GREAT
RAILWAY MANAGERS.
JIM FISK A FIRST TREASURER FOR JIM FISK, BUT NOT
QUITE AS RESPONSIBLE AS UNCLE DANIEL.
BOSTON ELDRIDGE KICKED OUT TO MAKE ROOM FOR
JAY GOULD, MIKE MCOOL, JOE COBURN, AND
OTHER EMINENT PUGILISTIC GENTLEMEN TO BE
PUT IN NEXT.
LORD CORNWALLIS TO BE COUNSEL FOR THE NEW
BOARD.
cwm CLOWN FUSE FOILED IN HIS ATTEMPT TO
to* 3 |Uv0lnti0tt.
BLACK MAIL THE UNION PACIFIC RAILWAY AND
STOP ITS PROGRESS.
THE ROAD BEING BUILT RAPIDLy AND ALREADY FAR
BEYOND THE ROOKY MOUNTAINS.
THE ROAD WELL CONSTRUCTED AND EQUIPPED.
UNCLE DANIEL TO RETURN TO THE STREET THIS
FALL, AND GIVE THE BOYS A LIVELY TIME ON
ERIE. THE CIRCUS CLOWN AND HIS GANG TO BE
PAID FOR THEIR TREACHERY.
UNCLE DANIEL THINKS THERE WILL NOT BE MUCH
LEFT OF THE ERIE RAILWAY WHEN THEM ERE
CRITTERS GET THROUGH WITH IT.
THE NORTH WEST CLIQUE AND THEIR TRIBULATIONS.
THEY FIND IT HARD WORK TO GET THE PUBLIC TO
KEEP THE STOCK,
PROFESSOR REA AND WHAT IS HE UP TO ? IS THERE
ANY NEW VILLANY AFLOAT ?
The talk among the brokers is about the highly respect-
able gentlemen tbat have gone into the management of
the Erie Railroad Company, and thoir disgust at the pub-
bo, because everybody wants to sell out and leave every-
thing, shares and all in the hands of
JAY GOULD, JIM FISK, AND BILL TWEED.
The talk is that these great railway managers beginruther
queerly by knocking down the price of Erie to 56%, that
UNCLE DANIEL AND COMMODORE VANDERBILT,
not having that implicit faith in the
JAY GOULD, JIM FISK, AND BILL TWEED
crowd which they ought to have, took the opportunity of
slipping out all the Erie they held, which the Jay Gould
party and the Street have taken
BOSTON ELDRIDGE WAS KICKED OUT OF ERIE
to make room for Jay Gould, and he is trying to float his
Boston notion,, called the
BOSTON, HARTFORD AND ERIE COMPANY,
by washing it in the New York Stock Exchange, but the
STREET DONT BITE, AND BOSTON ELDRIDGE
will have to keep his valuable Boston notion to himselt
The talk is that the
MONEY LENDERS ARE FRIGHTENED AT THE ROT-
TENNESS OF THE CLIQUES,
and that some of them had refused to respond to their
large loans, that
RUFUS THE RUEFUL
is in a bad box with his
NORTH' WEST LOAD,
and that
HENRY KEEP AND LOCKWOODS HAVE STUCK CHAP-
LAIN HATCH
and his friends with North West at high prices, that, the
clique hold nearly the whole of the. stock, and that it is
DANGEROUS TO SELL IT SHORT.
The talk is, that the
READING CLIQUE IS STAGGERING
on their last legs, and that affairs are not so cheerful as
they ought to he in the
PALATIAL MANSIpN, CLINTON AVENUE, BROOKLYN.
The talk is that on Monday
DICK SCHELL
sold a lot of Erie, and on Tuesday a number of brokers
found difficulty in giving certified ohecks for what they
had bought. The talk is that
CIRCUS CLOWN FISKS ATTEMPT TO BLACKMAIL THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY
is a fizzle, and that the oircus (down will he made to
dance in a way he dont expect.
THE MONEY MARKET
continues easy, call loans ranging from 3 to 4 per cent,
and 6 to 7 per cent, for prime discounts. The weekly
bank statement shows an improved condition of the
banks, the loans being decreased $1,033,592, while the
deposits are increased $1,343,205, and the legal tenders
$1,402,475. The specie is decreased $301,364, and the
total amount now held by the New York city banks is
$20,502,737,
79

j The following table shows the changes in the New
fork city banks compared with the preceding week :
July 25 Aug. 1 Differences.
Loans, $280,345,255
Specie, 20,804,101
Circulation, 33,063,373
Deposits, 226,761,662
Legal-tenders, 72,285,586
$279,811,657 Dec.
20,502,787 Dec.
33,057,305 Dec.
228,100,867 Inc.
73,638,061 Inc.
$1,033,592
301,364
6,068
1,343,205
1,402,475
THE GOLD MARKET
continues firm and advanced. The fluctuations in the
gold market for the week were as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. \, Closing.
Saturday, 25, 143% 143% 143% 143%
Monday, 27, 143% 144% 143% 144
Tuesday, 28, 144% 144% 143% 144%
Wednesday, 29, 144 144% 144 144%
Thursday, 30, 144% 145% 144% 144%
Friday, 31, 145% 145% - 144% 144%
Saturday 1, 145% . 145% 144% 145%
Monday, 3, 145% H5% 145 145%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was firm at the close, though the quotations were with-
out much change from last week. Prime bankers sixty
days sterling bills are quoted 110 to 110%, and sight,
110% to 110%. Francs on Paris bankers long 5.13%
to 5.13%, and short 5.11% to 5.11%,
THE RAILWAY SHARE M ABKET
was irregular in the early part of the week, prices fluctu-
ating from 1 to 2 per cent., but at the close the market
was weak in Erie, and continues irregular, Erie selling
at 56% to 57 ; New York Central at 132% to 132%. Bock
Island was strong at the close at 111, with more disposi-
tion to buy amongst operators ; and Fort Wayne at
110% to 110%. The movement in the early part of the
week in Milwaukee and St. Paul shares by the clique be-
came languid and heavy. In the border-state stocks the
market was firm and prices higher. Railway bonds and
bank stocks are firm.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Boston W. P.. 16% to 17% ; Mariposa preferred, 8
to 9% ; Pacific Mail, 101% to 101% ; Atlantic Mail, 20 ;
W. U. Tel., 35 to 35% ; New York Central; 131% to
131% ; Erie, 56% to 57 ; do. preferred, 74% to 75% j
Hudson River, 137 to 138 ; Reading, 94% to 95 ; Wa
bash, 50 to 50% ; Mil. & St. P., 75% 76 ; do. preferred
82% to 83% ; Fort Wayne, 110 to 110% ; Ohio & Miss.,
30 to 30% ; Mich. Cen., 119 ; Mich. South, 87% to 87% ;
HI. Central, 149% to 150 ; Pittsburg, 86% to 87 ; Toledo,
101% to 102; Rock Island, 111 to 111% ; Northwest-
ern, 82% to 82% ; do. preferred, 82 to 82%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were quiet throughout the week and dull at tho close,
and there was a pressure of sales by parties who want
to buy at lower prices, causing a decline of about % per
cent, though sales were made only to a moderate ex-
tent. Tne 1st of August closes the issue of any more 6
per cent, interest bonds, and the balance of the 7-30s
not converted on or before August 1st, will be redeemed
in greenbacks at par. The government bond market
for the past month has been, upon the whole, firm, not
withstanding the greenback discussions and general
dullness. This is owing to the small stock of bonds on
the market from the largo shipments made to Europe,
and the increase of domestic investments.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Reg. 1881, 115% to 115% ; Coupon,, 1881, 115% to
115% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 109% to 110 ; Coupon, 5-20,
J.862, 114% to 114% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864,110% to 111 ;
Coupon, 5-20,1865, 112% to 112% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865.
Jan. and July, 108% to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1867, x
108% to 109 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 108% to 109 ;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 104%tolU6 ; 10-40 Coupon, 108%
to 108% ; September Compounds, 1865,118%; October
Compounds, 1865,118.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,510,000 in gold against $2,215,119,
$1,785,586 and $1,645,097 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $5,695,166
in gold against $3,813,444, $4,680,442 and $4,463,244 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $2,976,685 in currency against $2,638,195, $3,317,*
411 and $2,452,698 lor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $715,592 against $1,463,249, $2,094,-
JL38 and $3,947,891 for the preceding weeks.


80
Revolution.
The
Revolution
THE ORGAN OF THE
3
J^OBTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
229 BROADWAY, Comer Barclay Street,
NEW YORK.
NATIONAL PARTY OB NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS :
1. In PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay. to
Women lor Equal Work j Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with the People!
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Science not Superstition.
8. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; ColdjWater,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ly and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America* no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton and Corn, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free, Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the World}
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate tbe South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright the chain of
friendship between tbem and their Fatherland.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
$10) entitle tbe sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, 1
PARKER PILLSBURY, \
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
37 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
BATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line.....................20 cents.
Ono Months insertion, per line................18 cents.
Three Months' insertion, per lino..:...........16 cents.
Ordors addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row, New York.
THE REVOL UTION "
may be had of the American News Company, New
THE FIRST INSTITUTION OF ITS KIND IN THE
WORLD
To devise and offer to the Insuring Public
ABSOLUTE SECURITY WITH THE LARGEST
LIBERTY.
POLICIES SECURED BY PLEDGE OF PUBLIC
STOCKS,
Like the circulation of National Banks, by being
REGISTERED
IN NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT.
Contain none of the Usual Restrictions
IN TRAVEL, RESIDENCE, OR THE ORDINARY
EMPLOYMENTS,
Anywhere outside the Torrid Zone.
-OFFICERS t
N.D. MORGAN, Pres. T. T. HERWIN, Vice-Pres.
J. W. MERRILL, Sec'y. GEO. ROWLAND, Actuary.
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW TORE.
BathiDg, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for salt in Monmouth County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, Now
York.
Musical boxes,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments;
Voix Celestes (Celestial Voices!, Orgonocleides, Mando-
lines. Expressives, Picolos, Bells. Drums, Castinets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable.
They are fine ornaments tor the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions lor the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
M. J. PAILLARD & CO Importers, No. 21 Maiden
Lane (up stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
26-29
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
worid. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing inll details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
ATHILDA A. McCORD,
613 CHESTNUT STREET,
ST.* LOUIS, MO.,
KEEPS ON HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT OF
SPIRITUAL AND LIBERAL BOOKS,
PAMPHLETS AND PERIODICALS.
ALSO A SUPPLY OF STATIONERY, ETC.
,855 The patronage of friends and the public gene*
rally is respectfully solicited. 4-9
CLOTHING! CLOTHING! CLOTHING!
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MEN'S' AND BOYS' CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and dispatch, by the
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules and Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau. Sts., N. Y.
YQrk ; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St, Louis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.^
JR. J. JOHNSTON, Publish#,
>**
jnuaSBi*-
jy£RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M,D.>
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO.,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to aj
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
J^ARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 milos from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y\
19-6m.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, h bw York.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use. at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
pRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
2U North William streot, '
18-1 y New York,
J^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
JJENEDIC TS
TRADE TIME HaRK
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St .
Sole Agents for the -Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout tbe country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $129, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
691 BROADWAY.
J^EW PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point,
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp.
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
ol George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON 4c CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
MISSESABBUE T. CRANE,
FRANCES KETQHAM, and
LAURA E. BOWER,
DESIGNERS and ENGRAVERS ON WOOD.
IfiS BROADWAY,
22 in. by 28.
44
U
ft