Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. HNO. 6. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1868. WHOLE NO. 32.
C|)t liftmlutinii.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) p,,.-__
PARKER PILLSBBRY, ) suitors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 30.)
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE
Petekboko, N. Y., August 6, 1868.
Dear Revolution : Still among these
northern hills, enjoying daily walks and talks
with the noble cousin, by whose side we have
fought the good battle of freedom for the last
thirty years; for under his roof in childhood
we heard the first discussions on slavery and
temperance. We have just had the pleasure of
hearing the Guernsey Brothers sing. As
they believe in Grant and love horses, it is un-
derstood that they are to be employed by the
Republican Central Committee to sing all
through the country during the coming cam-
paign. They told us that if any of the poetical
strong-minded would write a song -for them,
they would sing it in all their meetings, and
thus give our republican brethren the true doo-
triue in the most palatable form, they not being
sufficiently developed for the strong meat of
The Revolution. We hope our good friend
Frances D. Gage will devote a leisure hour to a
Womans Rights campaign song. We have
no doubt it would he as well received by repub-
lican conventions as Susan B. Anthonys letter
was in Tammany Hall.
Republicans are so sorely grieved with our
friendly relations with liberal democrats, and
so full,of professions of tender interest in our
cause, that we find our emotional nature oc-
casionally agitated with returning sympathies
for our former friends. A distinguished repub-
lican recently told us that all the seeming
apathy of his party was but an affectation of in-
difference to pique us to greater devotion ; but
they had unfortunately played their part too
well, like a woman who refuses the hand of
the man she loves to test the strength of his
affection and wrecks her own happiness in the
experiment.
Under the roof of Gerrit Smith one finds a
constant succession of visiters of all latitudes,
countries, creeds and parties, of every class and
sex.
Last week came, among others, Dr. James
Peck, conductor and musical director of
Trinity parish, New York; a well-educated
Englishman, of fine taste and skill in his art.
Susannah Evans, who has lectured on temper-
ance for several years, a young and very pretty
woman, came with Dr. Peck, who was on his
way to Ithaca to attend a meeting of the Trus-
tees of Cornell University, a free agricultural
college, to be opened in September. He went
to urge on them the.importance of a professor-
ship of music in their Faculty; mid surely no
one can doubt the wisdom of such a step
in all our schools and colleges. Herbert
Spencer, in his beautiful essay on this sub-
ject, places music above all the fine arts.
While our youth are studying science and
its practical application to agriculture and
every-day life, it is equally important that the
spiritual or emotional nature should at the same
time to exalted and refined, that thus they may
understand not only the utility but the har-
mony and beauty of the laws in the world of
science.
There has been some discussion on the pro-
priety of opening this college to both sexes,
thus giving a grand opportunity for a thorough
scientific education to the daughters of the
state. The Agricultural College in Kansas is
open to hoys and girls alike, and the trustees
consider the experiment a success. The culti-
vation of flowers, and fruits, and vines, and
vegetables, can be made far more interesting,
profitable and healthy to our women than novel-
reading, embroidery, and this endless decorat-
ing of their persons and their homes. As to
the degradation of out-door labor, when man
assigns to woman the endless routine of wash-
ing, ironing, cooking and taking care of chil-
dren, he has already given her the most.monot-
onous and exhausting work of life. If our
daughters were thrown on their own resources
for support, we should much prefer that they
should cultivate fruits and flowers, to teaching
school on three hundred a year, or making
shirts for fifty cents, shut up in unventilated
rooms, and over-taxing the whole nervous sys-
tem. For those women who spend their time
strolling about the streets, riding on horseback,
and driving in the Central Park, a choice of
labor may he of little consequence ; but when
we think of the multitudes of beautiful girls
who weave and stitch their tears and life-blood
into our wreaths, and veils, and flowing robes,
into coats and hats for fathers, husbands and
sons, we would implore those men who have
the power to open their agricultural colleges to
the future mothers of the republic, that they
may have out-door employments, and thus
secure for themselves health, strength, virtue
mid independence, and for their sons sound
minds in sound bodies. These feeble men we
see about us may trace back their paralyzed
limbs and softened brains to sickly, silly
mothers, shut up in what is called womans
sphere within four walls. As woman is natu-
rally more nervous than man, how suicidal for
the race to assign her all the employments that
tax the nervous system, without giving her an
opportunity for the development of muscle and
bone. We see in the list of trustees of the Cor-
nell University the names of such liberal men as
Horace Greeley, Erastus Brooks, and Andrew
D. White of Syracuse (who is President of the
Board). We would urge these gentlemen to
take into serious consideration the many ad-
vantages of opeuing this institution to the girls
of the State of New York, We have taken the
lead here in our legislation for woman for the
last twenty years, and it is important that wo
should not fall behind other states in the grand
work of education. Let the thinking men and
women of New York pausC^m the routine of
their daily life and do what 'tbey can to base
this institution on the right foundation. At all
events, let there be a general expression of opi-
nion on the subject.
Before this question is finally decided we ask
a hearing in behalf of the women of the state
before the Board of Trustees.
We have had several discussions here on
the advantage of educating the sexes together,
with some English gentlemen and a young Dr.
Bowditch of Boston, grandson of the great
mathematician, Nathaniel Bowditch, who trans-
lated La Place.
The two stereotyped objections of most of
our opponents are: 1st Boys are too coarse
and too vulgar in college life for the association
of girls. Dr. Bowditch said this was especially
so with medical students. 2d. Girls are so
fascinating that boys could. not study in their
company. To the first objection we say/ that if
such be the condition of our colleges, it is all
important that every boy should take hi^siater
with him as a means of protection from such
gross associations. Hgfreil in California ^and
Oregon, society being chiefly male, was rapidly
tending to savageism, ship-loads of women went
out, and order and decency were restored to
life. Remember, the young men who crowd
these colleges are to be the companions, the
future husbands of our pure, refined daughters.
From such surroundings they come into the
sanctuary of home, to stamp vice and degrada-
tion on the form of innocence, to propagate
their morbid appetites and low desires, to drag
down angels of grace and goodness to their
moral standard of virtue and vice, of right and
wrong. If medical students in the contempla-
tion of the human organism, the most wonder-
ful of all Gods works, are too material to he
lifted up with high and reverent thoughts in
the mysteries of mind and matter, how can
they enter the sick chamber to counsel with
your wives and mothers ?
If your daughters cannot stand by the dis-
secting-table with young men to study the
wonders of the nervous system and the circula-
tion of the blood, without danger of rude com*
ments, how can they many such men without
danger of being dragged down into their ma-
terial atmosphere ? A wise selfishness teaches
us that the time has come to lift up the stand-
ard of manly virtue and refinement ; for so
long as man is vulgar and obscene, woman can-
not escape the contagion. We are indissolubly
bound together, and must rise or fall as one.
As to the second objection. If the sexes were
educated together we should have the healthy,
moral and intellectual stimulus of sex ever
quickening and refining all the faculties, with-
out the undue excitement of sense that results
from novelty in the present system of isolation.
When young men and women meet every day


82 ? SfK-Jnwltttlflii.
K
in the reoitation room, they are attracted to each
other by real merit, by their true relations as
moral and intelligent beings, and physical at-
tractions from familiarity take their subordinate
place.
In the Free Church on Sunday we had two
very interesting discourses from Rev. William
Shannan, ot Bradford, England. He is a Uni-
tarian of the 0. B. Frothingham schoola stu-
dent of the Positive philosophy of Comte. He
is one of the most liberal Englishmen we have
met in some' time. He proposes to travel
throughout the United States, and if he likes
the country he will make this his future home.
He believes in the republican party, specie pay-
ment, a national debt, and the superiority of
man. One of his greatest trials in his profes-
sion has been the Ordinance of Baptismas he
could never learn to hold a baby. Now, we
would suggest if it would not be well in Oxford
and Princeton to have a Female professorship to
train young divines to these graceful duties.
The author of the Nicean Creed, in the last
Radical, ha? also made us a flying visit. This
gentleman, Rutger B. Miller of Utica, brother-
in-law of Horatia Seymour, is also a disciple of
Comte. The ladies of the household have had a
tough time in maintaining the equality of the
sexes among all the priests, philosophers and
scholars that have gathered here, but with Ger-
rit Smith and his son-in-law, Charles D. Miller,
for our cl ampions, we have taken possession of
all their strongholds. It was most gratifying to
see the despairing looks of Comtes disciples,
when one morning at breakfast, after days of
communion with the French philosopher, we
declared he was on our side of this question!
When lions paint pictures men will not always
be represented as conquerors. When women
translate laws, constitutions, bibles and philoso-
phies, man will not always be the declared head
of the church, the state, and the home.
We insist with these1 positive gentlemen, that
Comtes principles, logically carried out, make
woman the governing power in the world. We
have nothing to do with his conclusions, nor the
educational prejudices of his male disciples.
Comte makes man a personal, selfish, concen-
trating, reasoning force. He makes woman im-
personal, unselfish, diffusive, intuitive, a moral
love power. He divides society into three
classes, Intellect, Affection, Activity. He says,
intellect and activity, capital and labor, ruler
and ruled, can only be harmonized through af-
fection, which is the feminine element or
woman, and this he exalts above intellect and
activity, above conception and execution.
Live for others, is, he says, the great law on
which society is to be reorganized. This can.
only be done by the cultivation of the unselfish,
the moral, the diffusive, the woman; and thus
we actually reverse the present order of things.
When Comtes translators and disciples tulk of
the subordination of woman to man, they should
remember that the dynasty of brute force is
nearly ended, and that we are rapidly entering
the new era of moral ideas, when the mother of
the race is to be redeemed and exalted to her
rightful throne as Queen of the moral universe.
John Stuart Mill has been rather severely criti-
cising so me of Comtes positions, especially in
relation to an indissolable marriage, in which
Mr. Mill does not believe. Whatever Comtes
opinions were as to the sacredness of that rela-
tion, Lis life was not in harmony with his doc-
trine. John Stuart Mill in turn, has been criti-
cised with equal severity, by a Dr. J. H. Bridges
of Bradford. It is amusing to see three great
minds of the age pouncing on each other, tear-
ing and rending careful and laborious theories
and philosophies to tatters, like birds of prey,
and keeping us honest souls who are hying to
find out what is tine, in the most uncomfortable
state of doubt.
Last week, Mrs. Jane Elizabeth Jones, of
Oneida, made us a visit. In talking over with
her the old Anti-Slavery days, Mr. Smith told
us that the first woman appointed on a business
committee was Abby Kelley, and that he had
the pleasure of doing it himself. In a meeting
in New York, in 1839, in the absence of the
President, Mr. Tappan ; Gerrit Smith, Vice-
President, presided, and among other commit-
tees for the year, he appointed John G. Whit-
tier, Rev. John Fost and Abby Kelley Com-
mittee on books and publications, and in one
year the society was rent in twain on the woman
question. No wonder the dear men are afraid
of our getting a foothold anywhere. How this
proceeding affected a distinguished Quaker
poet will be seen from the following extract,
from a letter to Benjamin Jones :
In regard to thy particular oase, I needed consolation
as much as thyself. I am glad thou has found sympathy
in thy afflictions. For me, I can say, as Hamlet did,
Man delights not me, nor woman either. I am getting
rather oh from Womans rights. This last exploit of my
good friend Abby, in blowing up the American Society,
is too much for me. It is the extra ounce that broke the
camels back. Ah, these women, Benjamin I Think of
the conduct of Mrs. Adam formerlyhow Delilah shaved
Samsonhow Helen got up the Trojan Warhow Mrs.
Eaton dissolved Gen. Jacksons cabinet ; and last, noj.
least, this affair of Abbys and the Society. Well, I sup.
pose thee will say it is all right, but it seemed to me
rather out of the way,sto say the least of it.
But truce to folly. Thee will see in the Emancipator
my letter on the subject, etc., etc.
E. o. s.
THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOIXSTONE CRAFT1790.
CHAPTER V.
ANIMADVERSIONS ON SOME OF THE WRITERS WHO
HAVE RENDERED WOMEN OBJECTS OF PITY,
BORDERING ON CONTEMPT.
The opinions speciously supported in some modem
publications on the female character and education,
which have given the lone to most of the observations
made, in a more cursory manner, on the sex, remain
now to be examined.
SECTION I.
I shall begin with Rousseau, and give a sketch of the
character of women in his own words, interspersing
comments and reflections. My comments, it is true,
will all spring from a few simple principles, and might
have been deduced from what I have already said ; but
the artificial structure has been raised with so much in-
genuity, that it seems necessary to attack it in a more
circumstantial manner, and make the application my-
self.
Sophia, says Rousseau, should be as perfect a woman
as Emilias is a man, and to render her so, it is necessary
to examine the character which nature has given to the
sex.
He then proceeds to prove that woman ought to be
weak and passive, because she has less bodily strength
than man ; and from hence infers, that she was formed
to please and be subject to him ; and that it is her duty
to render herself agreeable to her masterthis being the
grand end of her existence.
Supposing women to have been formed only to please,
and be subject to man, the conclusion is just, she ought
to sacrifice every other consideration to render herself
agreeable to him : and let this brutal desire of self-pre-
servation be the grand spring of all her actions, when it
is proved to be the iron bed of fate, to fit which, her
character should be stretched or contracted, regardless
of all moral or physical distinctions. But if, as I think
may be demonstrated, the purposes of even this life,
viewing the whole, are subverted by practical rules built
upon this ignoble base, I may be allowed to doubt
whether woman was created for man ; and, though the
cry of irreligion, or even atheism, be raised ag ainst me, I
will simply declare, that were an angel from heaven to
tell me that Moses's beautiful, poetical cosmogony, and
the account of the fall of man, were literally true, I could
not believe what my reason told me was derogatory to
the character of the Supreme Being; and, having no
fear of the devil before mine eyes, I venture to call this
a suggestion of reason, instead of resting my weakness
on the broad shoulders of the first seducer of my frail
sex.
It being once demonstrated, continues Rousseau,
that man and woman are not, nor ought to be, consti-
tuted alike in temperament and character, it follows of
course, that they should not be educated in the same
manner. In pursuing the directions of nature, they
ought indeed to act in eoncert, but they should not be
engaged in the same employments : the end of their
pursuits should be the same, but the means they should
take to accomplish them, and, of consequence tb eir tastes
nd inclinations should be different.*
Girls are from their earliest infancy fond of drers.
Not content with being pretty, they are desirous of being
thought so; we see, by all their little airs, that this thought
engages their attention ; and they are hardly capable of
understanding what is said to them, before they are to be
governed by talking to them of what people will think
of their behavior. The same motive, however indis-
creetly made use of with boys, has not the same effect:
provided ihey are let to pursue their amusements at
pleasure, they care very little what people think of them.
Time and pains are necessary to subject hoys to this
motive.
Whencesoever girls derive this first lesson, it is a
very good one. As the body is born in a manner, before
the soul, our first concern should be to cultivate the
.former; this order is common to both sexes, but tne
object of that cultivation is. different. In the one sex it
is the development of corporeal powers ; in the other,
that of personal charms : not that either the quality of
strength or beauty ought to be confined exclusively to
one sex ; but only that the order of the cultivation of
both is in that respect reversed. Women certainly re-
quire as much strength as to enable them to move and
act gracefully, and men as much address as to qualify
them to act with ease.
* * * *
Children of both sexes have a great many amuse-
ments in common ; and so they ought; have they not
also many such when they are grown up? Each sex
has also its peculiar taste to distinguish in this particu-
lar. Boys love sports of noise and activity ; to beat the
drum, to whip the top, and to drag about their little
carts; girls, on the other hand, are fonder of tbingB Of
show and ornament, such as mirrors, trinkets, and dolls ;
the doll is the peculiar amusement of the females ; from
whence we see their taste plainly adapted to their des-
tination. The physical part of Ihe art of pleasing lies in
dress ; and this is all which children are capacitated to
cultivate of that art.
*******
Here, then, we see a primary propensity firmly es-
tablished, which yon need only to pursue and regulate
The little creature will doubtless be very desirous to
know how to dress up her doll, to make its sleeve knots,
its flounces, its head dress, etc., she is obliged to have so
much recourse to the people about her, for their assist-
ance in these articles, that it would he much more*
agreeable to her to owe them all to her own industry.
Hence we Lave a good reason for the first lessons which
are usually taught these young females ; in which we
do not appear to be setting them a task, but obliging
them, by instructing them in what isr immediately use-
ful to themselves. And, in fact, almost all of them learn
with reluctance to read and write ; but very readily ap-
ply themselves to the use of their needles. They
imagine themselves already grown up, and think with
pleasure that such qualifications will enable them to de-
corate themselves.
This is certainly only an education of the body; but
Rousseau is not the only man who has indirectly said
that merely the person of a young woman, without any
mind, unless animal spirits came under that descrip-
tion, is very pleasing. To render it weak, and what
some may call beautiful, the understanding is neglected,
and girls foreed to sit still, play with dolls,.and listen
to foolish conversations ; the effect of habit is insisted
upon as undoubted indication of nature. I know It was
Rousseaus opinion that the first years of youth should
be employed to form the body, though in educating Emi-
tins he deviates from this plan; yet the difference be
* Rousseaus Emilius, Vol, m., p. 176.


tween strengthening the body, on which strength of
mind in a great measure depends, and only giving it an
easy motion, is very *wide.
Rousseau's observations, it is proper to remark, were
made in a country where the art of pleasing was refined
only to extract the grossnes of vice. He did not go back
to nature, or his ruling appetite disturbed the opera-'
tions of reason, else he would not have drawn these
crude inferences.
In France, boys and girls, parti eularly the latter, are
only educated to please, lo manage their persons, and
regulate their exterior behavior ; and their minds are
corrupted at a very early age, by the worldly and pious
cautions they receive, to guard them against immodesty.
I speak of past times. The very confessions which mere
children are obliged to make, and the questions asked
by the holy men, I assert these facts on good authority,
were sufficient to impress a sexual character ; and the
education of society was a school of coquetry and art.
At the age of ten or eleven, nay, often much sooner, girls
began to coquet, and talked, unreproved, of establishing
themselves in the world by marriage.
In short, they were made women, almost from their
very birth, and compliments were listened to instead of
instruction. These, weakening the mind, Nature was
supposed to have acted like a step-mother, when she
formed this afterthought of creation.
Not allowing them understanding, however, it was but
consistent to subject them to authority, independent of
reason; and to prepare them for this subjection, he
gives the following advice :
Girls ought to be active and diligent; noris that all;
they should also be early subjected to restraint. This
misfortune, if it really be one, is inseparable from their
sex ; nor do they ever throw it off but to suffer more cruet
evils. They must be subject, all their lives, to the most
constant and severe restraint, which is that of decorum ;
it is, therefore, necessary to accustom them early to such
confinement, th at it may not afterward cost them too
dear ; and to the suppression of their caprices, that they
may the more readily submit to the will of others. If,
indeed, they a~e fond of being always at work, they
should be sometimes compelled to lay it aside. Dissipa-
tion, levity and inconstancy, are faults that readily
spring up from their first propensities, when corrupted
or perverted by too much indulgence. To prevent this
abuse, we should teach them, above all things, to lay a
due restraint on themselves. The life of a modest wo-
man is reduced, by our absurd institutions, to perpetual
conflict with herself: not but it is just that this sex
should partake of the sufferings which arise from those
evils it hath caused us."
And why is the life of a m odest woman a perpetual
conflict ? I should answer, that this very system of edu-
cation makes it so. Modesty, temperance, and self-
denial, are the sober offspring of reason ; but when sen-
sibility is nurtured at the expense of the understanding,
such weak beings must be restrained by arbitrary means
and be subjected to continual conflicts ; but give their
. activity of mind a wider range, and nobler passions and
motives will govern their appetites and sentiments.
The common attachment and regard of a mother,
nay, mere-habit, will make her beloved by her children,
if she does nothing to incur their hate. Even the re-
straint she lays them under, if well directed, will in-
crease their affection, instead of lessening it; because a
state of dependence being natural to the sex, they per.
ceive themselves formed for obedience."
This is begging the question ; for servitude not only
debases the individual, but its effects seem to be trans-
mitted to posterity. Considering the length of time
women have been dependent, is it surprising that some
oi them hug their chains, and fawn like the spaniel ?
These dogs," observes a naturalist, at first kept their
ears erect; but custom has superseded nature, and a
token of fear has become a beauty."
For the same reason, adds Rossseau, women
have, or ought to have, but little liberty ; they are apt to
indulge themselves excessively in what is allowed them.
Addicted to everything in extremes, they are even more
transported at their diversions than boys."
The answer to this is very simple. Slaves and mobs
have always indulged themselves in the same excesses,
when once they broke loose from authority. The bent
how recoils with violence, when the hand is suddenly re-
laxed that forcibly held it : and sensibility, the play-
thing of outward circumstances, must be subjected to
authority, or moderated by reason.
There results," he continues, from this habitual
restraint, a tractableness which the women have occasion
for during their whole lives, as they constantly remain
either under subjection to the men, or to the opinions of
mankind ; are never permitted to set themselves above
those opinions, ?he first and most important qualifies-

tion in a woman is good-nature or sweetness of temper ;
formed to obey a being so imperfect as man, often full o^
vices, and always full of faults, sbe ought to learn betimes
even to suffer injustice, and to bear the insults of a hus-
band without complaint; it is not for his sake, but her
own, that she should be of a mild disposition. The per-
verseness and ill-nature of the women only serve to ag-
gravate their own misiortunes, and the misconduct of
their husbands; they might plainly perceive that such
are not the arms by which they gain the superiority."
Formed to live with such an imperfect being as man,
they ought to learn from the exercise of their faculties
the necessity of forbearance ; but all the sacred rights
of humanity are violated by insisting on blind obedience;
or, the most sacred rights belong only to man.
The being who patiently endures injustice, and silently
bears insults, will soon become unjust, or unable to dis-
cern right from wrong. Besides, I deny the fact, this is
not the true way to form or meliorate the temper ; for,
as a sex, men have better tempers than women, because
they are occupied by pursuits that interest the head as
well as the heart; and the steadiness of the head gives a
healthy temperature to the heart.] People of sensibility
have seldom good tempers. : The formation of the tem-
per is the cool work of reason, when, as life advances,
she mixes with happy art, jarrring elements. I never
knew a weak or ignorant person who had a good temper,
though that constitutional good humor and that docility
which fear stamps on the behavior often obtains the
name. I say behavior, for genuine meekness never
reached the heart or mind, unless as the effect of re-
flection ; and, that simple restraint produces a number
of peccant humors in domestic life, many sensible men
will allow, who find some of these gentle, irritable crea-
tures very troublesome companions.
Each sex, he further argues, should preserve its
peculiar tone and mauner : a meek husband may make
a wife impertinent; but mildness of disposition on the
womans side will always bring a man back to reason, at
least if he be not absolutely a brute, and will sooner or
later triumph over him.
True, the mildness of reason ; but abject fear alwaj s
inspires contempt; and tears are only eloquent when
they flow down fair cheeks.
Of what material can that heart be composed, which
can melt when insulted, and instead of revolting at injus-
tice, kiss the rod ? It is unfair to infer that her virtue is
built on narrow views and selfishness, who can caress a
man, with true feminine softness, the very moment when
he treats her tyrannically ? Nature never dictated such
insincerity, and though prudence of this sort be termed
a virtue, morality becomes vague when any part is sup-
posed to rest on falsehood. These are mere expedients,
and expedients are only useful for the moment.
Let the husband be aware of trusting too implicitly to
this servile obedience ; for it Ms wife can with winning
sweetness caress Mm when angry, and when she ought
to be angry, unless contempt had stifled a natural effer-
vescence, she may do the same after partiugwith alover.
These are all preparations for adultery ; or, should tbe
fear of the world, or of hell, restrain her desire of pleas,
ing other men, when she can no longer please her hus-
band, wbat substitute can be found by a being who was
only formed by nature and art to please man ? what can
make her amends for this privation, or where is she to
seek for a fresh employment? where find sufficient
strength of mind to determine to begin the search,
when her habits are fixed, and vanity has long ruled her
chaotic mind ?
But this partial moralist recommends cunning sys-
tematically and plausibly.
Daughters should be always submissive; their mo-
thers, however, should not be inexorable. To make a
young person tractable, she ought not to be made un-
happy ; to make her modest, she ought not to be ren-
dered stupid. On the contrary, I should not be dis-
pleased at her being permitted to use some art, not to
elude punishment in case of disobedience, but to exempt
herself from the necessity of obeying. It is not neces-
sary to make her dependence burdensome, hut only to
let her feel it. Subtilty is a talent natural to the sex .
and as I am persuaded all our natural inclinations are
right and good in themselves, I am of opinion this
should be cultivated as well as tbe others : it is requisite
for us only to prevent its abuse."
Whatever is, is right, he then proceeds triumph,
antly to infer. Granted; yet, perhaps no aphorism ever
contained a more paradoxical assertion. It is a solemn
truth with respect to God. He, reverentially I speak,
sees the whole at once, and saw its just proportions in
the womb of time; but man, who can only inspect dis-
jointed parts, finds many things wrong; and it is a part
of the system, and therefore right, that he should en-
deavor to alter what appears to him to be so, even while
- 83
he bows to the wisdom of Ms Creator, and respects .the
darkness he labors to disperse.
The inference that follows is just, supposing the prin-
ciple^ be sound : The superiority of address, pecu-
liar to the female sex, is a very equitable indemniflea'
tiou for their inferiority in point of strength : without
tMs, woman would not be the companion of man ; but
Ms slave : it is by her superior art and ingenuity that
she preserves her equality, and governs him while she
affects to obey. Woman has everything against her, as
well our faults as her own timidity and weakness : she
has nothing in her favor, but her subtilty and her beauty.
Is it not very reasonable, therefore, she should cultivate
both ? Greatness of mind can never dwell with cun-
ning or address, for I shall not boggle about words, when
their direct signification is insincerity and falsehood ;
but content myself with observing, that if any class of
mankind are to be educated by rules, not strictly deduc-
ible from truth, virtue is an affair of convention. How
could Rousseau dare to assert, after giving this advice,
that in the grand end of existence, the object of both
sexes should be the same, when he well knew that the
mind formed by its pursuits, is expanded by great views
swallowing up little ones, or that it becomes itself little f
Men have superior strength of body ; but were it not
for mistaken notions of beauty, women would acquire
sufficient to enable them to earn their own subsistence,
the true definition of independence ; and to bear those
bodily inconveniences and exertions that are requisite
to strengthen the mind.
Let ns then, by being allowed to take the same exer-
cise as boys, not only during infancy, but youth, arrive
at perfection of body, that we may know how far the na-
tural superiority of man extends. For what reason or
virtue can be expected from a creature when the seed-
time of life is neglected ? Nonedid not the winds of
heaven casually scatter many useful seeds in the fallow
ground.
Beauty cannot be acquired by dress, and coquetry is
an art not so early and speedily attained. While girls are
yet young, however, they are in a capacity to study
agreeable gesture, a pleasing modulation of voice, an
easy carriage and behavior.; as well as to take the advan-
tage of gracefully adapting their looks and attitudes to
time, place, and occasion. Their application, therefore
should not be solely confined to the arts of industry
and the needle, when they come to display other talents,
whose utility is already apparent."
For my part I would have a young Englishwoman
cultivate her agreeable talents, in order to please her
future husband, with as much care and assiduity as a
young Circassian cultivates her's, to fit her for the baram
of an Eastern bashaw.* *
To render young women completely insignificant, he
adds The tongues of women are very voluble; they
speak earlier, more readily, and more agreeably than the
men; they are accused also of speaking much more:
but so it ought to he, and I should be very ready to con-
vert this reproach into a compliment; their tips and eyes
have the same activity, and for the same reason. A man
speaks of what he knows, a woman of what pleases her;
the one requires knowledge, the other taste ; the prin-
cipal object of man's discourse should he what is useful,
that of womans wbat is agreeable. There ought to be
nothing in common between their different conversation
but truth."
We ought not, therefore, to restrain the prattle of
girls, in fhe same manner as we should that of boys,
with that severe question, To what purpose are you talk-
ing t but by another, which is no less difficult to answer.
Mow will your discourse be received f In infancy, while
they are as yet incapable to discern good from evil, they
ought to observe it as a law, never to say anything
disagreeable to those whom they are speaking to : what
will render the practice of this rule also the more diffi-
cult, is, that it must ever be subordinate to the former,
of never speaking falsely or telling an untruth. To
govern the tongue in tMs manner must require great ad-
dress indeed; and it is too much practiced both by men
and women. Out of the abundance of the heart how
few speak I So few, that I, who love simplicity, would
gladly give up politeness for a quarter of the virtue that
has been sacrificed to an equivocal quality, wMch, at
best, should be only the p'otish of virtne.
(To be Continued.)
Wbat Women Have Done.Mary, Queen of Scots
when very young, delivered an oration in Latin, before
the French court, to prove that there was nothing un-
feminine in the pursuit of letters.
Queen Elizabeth daily read Greek, and was familiar
also with French, Spanish, Latin and Italian,
Lady Jane Gust wrote in Greek,.


84

WOMAN'S RIGHTS IN THE 'FIFTEEN 1H
CENTURY.
BY A 6 B IP F A*
(Continued from our last.)
CHAPTER II.
THE INHERENT NOBIDITY OP CHARACTER BE&TOWED
ON WOMAN BY THE CREATORS INDICATING HER
HIGH DESTINY, AS ATTESTED BY THE SCRIP-
TORES, AND BY ADD HISTORY, AND RECOGNIZED
EVEN IN NOMENCLATURE.
But let us leave profane history and turn to sacred
authors. Let us go back to the birth of religion and ex-
amine all points closely. First, we know to a certainty
that God did not pronounce his blessing on man before
the creation of woman. This fact accords with the pro-
verb of Solomon, Whoso findeth a wife findeth a
good thing, and obtainetli favor of the Lord/' (This is
reiterated iti meaning in Ecclesiasticns, Happy is th
husband of a good woman : the number oi their yeais
shall be doubled.) No other mans happiness can be
compared to that of him who has a good wife ; for, as
we read also in Ecclesiasticns, A good woman is a gift
above all other gifts. This is why Solomon calls her in
bis Proverbs, The crown of her husband, and St.
Paul, The glory of her husband. Now, glory signi-
fies the highest joy of a being, who reposes in the pos-
session ot his aim or desire, so that no one can add any-
thing to render his satisfaction more complete. Woman
is, then, the perfection of her husband's condition, his
blessing, his gloryas St. Augnstin expresses it, The
most perfect society that man can have in this perishable
life. This is why it isnecessary toman to love woman,
lor he who does not love woman can hardly be possess-
ed of virtue, or any of heaven's best gilts. He would
be without the feelings of humanity. The benediction
ol God then seems to have been given because of wo-
man, and the law because of mau. A law of anger and
malediction, for God forbad man to eat ot the fruit of the
tree oi' life, of knowledge, of good and evil; and ibis
prohibition is not recorded as being reiterated to woman,
lor when uttered, woman was not created, for God from
her birth left her free. This is why man in eating of the
fruit seems in reality to have sinned more than woman;
so man, not woman, brought death into the world, even
as we are told (for as by man came death, so also by
man came the resurrection from the dead.) We have
all sinned more, so to speak, in Adam than in Eve ; and
we read that we inherit the sins of out fathers not of
our mothers,
It may be for this reason that the ancient law ordered
that all males should be circumcised, for (he intention
of the law was to punish the original sin in the sex most
guilty in its commission. Beside. God did not rebuke
the woman formally for having eaten ot this fruit, but for
having given occasion to her husband to transgress the
command of God, she being ensnared by surprise, hav-
ing been tempted by the devil. Man sinned with per-
fect "knowledge of his crime. Woman sinned more
through ignorance than intention, the devil having de-
ceived her. Indeed, the devil tempted her at first,
knowing her to be the most excellent of all creatures.
As says St. Bernard, The devil seeing her great beauty
and her perfect conformity with the idea that God had
originated, and knowing well that she would enjoy the
companionship of God more than could even the angels,
turned all his hatred and envy against woman, because
she appeared to him so excelleut. We may even
imagine this to be the reason why Jesus Christ, wishing
to assume human nature in its lowest and most abject
condition, in order to expiate by his humiliation the
sill of the first man, chose the masculine sex as being
the most flagrant and open in its disobedience ; and so
as'the human race became more criminal in the sin of
the mau than in that of the woman, God may have or-
dained that sin should be expiated in the sex which had
most openly rebelled ; aud that from the sex wbicn had
been surprised and deceived he should exercise on
whom the sin was to be avengedhe who should take
vengeance on the wily tempter. Thus God says, The
seed ot the woman shall bruise the serpents head, aud
not the seed of man. And this may be the reason why
the sacerdotal order has rather been confined to men,
because the first represents Jesus Christ, and Jesus
Christ represents the first sinner, Adam ; for as in
Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
It is because of woman, not because of man, that Jesus
is called the Son of Mau. Aud here is womans high-
est glory. Woman is mother of the Saviour of the hu-
jnan race, for the blessed Virgin is truly the mother of
Christ. Jesus is truly the son of woman, for the
word was made flesh in the bosom of a pure Virgin
but this holy proof of Gods favor docs not need our
unhallowed touch. Again. Jesus, after bis resurrection,
appeared first to women. All the world know that after
the death of Christ many men abandoned the faith and
renounced the Christian religion, but woman bas never
been the author of heresy, or error, or persecution in
the church. Men alone have caused these evils. Jesus
Cnrist was betrayed, sold, bought, accused, condemned,
tormented and crucified only by men. And even more,
Peter his apostle denied him, his other disciples
abandoned him; they ware women only who accom-
panied him lovingly to the cross, and even to the tomb;
and even the wife oi Pilate, though a pagau, labored
more to save Jesus than any of the men who believed in
him. (I might add here the sentiment of many theo-
logians, that during the Passion of our' Saviour, tbe
church only existed in the love and faith of the Virgin
Mother.) The objection may be oflered, but iu vaiu,
that amoug the animals the males are always more
noble and stronger. St. Paul, the great apostle to the
Gentiles, shall answer for me: God has chosen the
foolish tbiugs of the world to confound the wise, and the
weak things of the world to confound the mighty.
Where is the man more abundantly endowed with gifts
of nature thao was Adam ? and yet he was humbled by
a woman. Who was ever stronger than Samson ? yet a
woman stripped him of his power. Who was ever wiser
than Solomon 1 he was deceived by women. Who wa s
ever more patient than Job ? Tbe devil robbed him of
all bis goods, took away his children, left liim sick and
covered with ulcers. He could never, however, turn
him from bis simple faith, or excite in bim anger or im-
patience. But the wife of Job did what tbe devil had
failed to do. She forced him to utter imprecations on
his unhappy destiny. And if womans powers when.per-
verted, as they are by sin, are thus effectual for evil,
cau we doubt that they were intended to be equally great
tor good ? Aud if I may here reverently take an instance
from tbe life of Christ. I would call to mind how it was
permitted to the woman of Canaan to overcome his re-
fusal, with which he tried her failli, in saying to her,
It is not meet to take the childrens bread and cast it
to the dogs. The woman replied, Yes, Lord; yet
tbe dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters
table. Aod Jesus said, Oh, womau, great is thy
faith ; be it unto thee even as though will. Who was
more devoted to Jesus Christ than St Peter, the chief
of the apostles, the pastor of tbe church ? yet to a wo-
man he first denied our Lord. Hot to pursue this point
lurther, we may use as a very evident and convincing
proof of the, excellence or superiority of the female sex,
that toe human being most honored and elevated above
all others is a womanthe Mother of Christwhile we
find that one who seems to us all the most abandoned
and criminal is of the male sexthe traitor Judas, who
betrayed the Saviour of men, and of. whom Jesus said,
It were better he had never been born.
We may here mention a significant peculiarity in the
animal kingdom. The eagle, king of all birds, is always
female. The Egyptians tell us that the phoenix______that
bird so singular in its characteristicsis always temale
On the contrary, the serpent, known as the basilisk,
whose venom is the most poisonous ever found, is al-
ways male ; and it would even be impossible that there
should be a female in the species. We may also draw
strong proofs of the original superior excellence of wo-
man from the fact, that so far as we are taught, all vices
were initialed by men. Cain, the older son of Adam,
opened the gates of hell. He was the first murderer,
tbe first fratricide, the first to despair of tbe mercy of
God. Hoah presents the first instance of intoxication.
Nimrod was the first tyrant and idolator. The first
adulterer mentioned was a man. Mau first invented
the profane arts and sciences. The sons of Jacob first
sold their brother. Pharaoh first committed infanti-
cide. It was man who seemed really to lead the way in
the paths of sin ; but woman invented all the liberal
arts, tmd is the promoter, notwithstanding her fall, of
virtue and good. For this reason all the sciences and
virtues bear feminine names ; and it is very remarkable,
that all parts of the world are known by feminine appel-
lations. Asia derives its name from a nymph called
Asie; Europe, from Enropa, daughter of Agener;
Lybia, from the daughter of Epapheshe is also called
Africa. Finally, if one descend into the enumeration ol
all the virtues, we shall find that woman holds always
the first place as their possessor. Women endowed
with the gift of prophecy had always greater inspira-
tions than men. This is an admitted fact, as at-
tested by Lactouce, Eusebius and St. Augustin. Mary,
the sister of Moses, was a prophetess, and while Jere-
miah was in prison God raised up Olda (the wife of Jere-
miahs uncle) to prophecy to his peoplo their approach-
ing doom. If we search the Scriptures closely we shall
find the constancy of woman in the-faith, and in prac-
tice of all other virtues to be much moro commended than
that of man ; as in the cases of Judith, Bruth and
Esther, who are so highly honored that the church re-
ceives books bearing their names. Abraham, even
whom the Scriptures called just, on account of bis
great faith, is, notwithstanding, submitted to the
guidance of his wife ; for tbe Lord said to him, In all
that San h hath said auto thee, hearken nnto her voice.
The priest Zacharias did not at once believe the words of
the angel, was rebuked and became dumb ; but Elizabeth
yielded her faith at once, and congratulated the Virgin
Mother thus; Blessed is she that believed, tor there
shall be a performance of those things which were told
her from the Lord. Anna, the prophetess, hearing the
testimony of Simeon, recognized the Lord Jesus, and
spoke of him to all who were looking for salvation in
Israel. Bnt these instances of womans faith and con-
stancy are too numerous to be cited here. They will
occur to all who are familiar with the Sacred Scriptures.
Let me speak only of Priscilla, who taught Apollos,
Bishop of Corinth, who excelled in the faith. To these
might he added multitudes cf women who have sacri-
ficed their lives,'and have endured martyrdom with
patience for the defence of their faith. Among them all
let me not pass in silence that woman whose memory
will live while the human race existsthat courageous
mother who not only saw her seven children suffer before
her a cruel- martrydom, but exhorted them, encour-
aged them, aud, having put her trust in God, and re-
ceived strength from him according to her need (as he
has promised), then suffered a martyrs death in her
own person. Have not women brought disciples to
Jesus without number ? Theodolinde was the means
of conversion to the Lombards; (she was tbe daughter of
the King of Bavaria). Grefille, sister oi tbe Emperor
Henry the First, was the instrument of conversion to the
Hungarians. The French were converted through Clo-1
tilde, daurhter of the King of Bourguinons. But those,
are only true Christians who preserve the faith and
live in the practice of good works.
(To be continued.)
THE FRANCHISE THE GUARANTEE OF
FREEDOM.
MEMORIAL
Of the Universal Franchise Association, to the
Congress of the United States, asking the
Enfranchisement of Women in the
District cf Columbia.
Prepared and submitted for the Association, by Prof. J
K.H Willcox.
Senators and Representatives : By the expiration
of local charters the whole subject of thegovernmentof
this district is now before yon. In acting on it your at-
tention is called to many abuses, which you are asked to
remedy. At this time it seems proper that all who wish
changes made in the government which rules us should
lay their propositions before you. We desire to bring to
your notice an abuse greater in the number of its victims
and deeper in its social effects, than any which you are
now urged to remove. A brief review of your past action
in like matters will serve to make onr meaning clear. )
Six years ago there were three thousaud slaves in the
District oi Columbia. Many of these persons, it was de-
clared, did not desire to change their condition; it was
said that they were happily related aud placed, and they
did not ask for freedom. Others, as is known, suffered
grievously from a system that was inherently unjust, and
which made easy and frequent the most cruel wrongs.
They cried to you for help. Others there were who
dared not tell their sufferings, but who longed for free-
dom and blessed the day when it came. Others still had
been so stunted and deformed by life-long oppression
that they knew not the meaning of freedom, and dreaded
more the evils their fancy foreboded than those whose
constant pressure bad deadened their sense of them.
When it was urged that you should grant the prayer of
those who had the power and the courage to address you*
it was loudly objected, that they and their free friends
who joined in their entreaty spoke only for a few, for a
small portion ol the whole number of the enslaved : that
the great majority did not ask for freedom: that they
were, to all appearance, satisfied with their condition,
and were part of the family of their masters : that the
majority of those who then possessed liberty were op -
posed to extending it to others ; that when tbe mass


85
ft* §Uvohiti0tt.
eitlielr of the enslaved or of the free population asked a
change in tbe condition of things, it would be lia-.e
enough to consider it : that the stunted and deformed
mental state, which many slaves showed, proved the class
to which they belonged unfit for freedom : that they
really had all the protection which they needed in the
existing laws and the benevolence or self-interest of their
masters : that they were better governed and protected
then they could possibly govern and protect themselves :
that freedom would throw them out of their proper
sphere of employment, make them idle and useless : and
that liberation would convulse society to its centre.
To all this the petitionerrs replied by detailing the
facts already given ; and farther answered, that the im-
munity from wrong which onepexson enjoyed did not jus-
tify nor excuse the oppression of another : that they did
not ask that all slaves should be lorced to break off their
relations with their masters, but that those who wished
to be free should be : that the fact that one person did
not wish to do an act was no ground for. forbidding
another, an independent person who did not wish-
it, to do that thing : that the opinion of those who were
interested in continuing an oppression was not the best
evidence in its favor : that those whose political or pe-
cuniary fortunes depended on its continuance wore not
likely to ask a change at any time : that the object of gov-
ernment was to guard the rights of all and. each : that
the law had not reached its object when the highest only
were protected, but when the lowest were ; and that the
time to consider a wrong was when it was complained
of : that the force of impudence could hardly farther go
than to urge the consequences of a crime as a cause lor
its repetition : that the complaints themselves proved,
as many of them were not denied, that the enslaved had
not proper protection : that if the latter were unfit for
freedom they would naturally fall under the control of
those Who were fit to lead them : that free competition
would define the sphere of .action for which they were
fit, while the struggle for life would keep them at work :
tliut it was not good for any persons rights to depend
solely on the good-will of another : that liberation would
remove a wide and deep disaffection to the slate, and that
the fairest government was the safest.
After hearing the arguments on both sides, you de-
cided not to interfere with existing social relations, but
to make them free to arrange themselves. You saw
that the surest relief for some was liberty for all. While
you interposed no obstacle to the legitimate civil action
of individuals, you abolished that feature of the laws
which forbade certain persons to do certain proper and
harmless aots. You left each individual free to decide
whether he would use this freedom or not;, and yeu pro-
tected him in its exercise.
What was the result ? Those whose condition was al-
ready good did not try to change it nor to avail them-
selves of your protection ; yet they blessed you for
affording them a fresh guarantee of safety. Those who
had petitioned you for relief thanked God that he had
moved you to grant their prayer, and availed themselves
of their new-born freedom to change their condition tor
the better. Those who had been kept silent under their
wrongs now joined in the chorus of ihanksgiving, and
followed the example of their braver or stronger
brethren. Those who had not known and had feared
freedom learned its glorious meaning ; aud the great
mass ot the freedmen set out rejoicing on a new career
of virtue, prosperity, and wisdom. At the magic touch
of liberty the stunted and withered soul began to grow
afresh, the deformed brain commenced a transforma-
tion : the benevolent impulses and the self-interest of
masters were re-enforced by wholesome restraints on
their passions : beginning with nothing but their labor
and their freedom, the liberated people quickly, acquired
property and education, and won high praise by the
general sobriety of their behavior ; they showed them-
selves willing to take up any employment that would
yield them an honest living, and found their way into
those for which they were lit: and no social convulsion
followed these great changes. Society moved on as be-
fore, with this difference, that far fewer persons felt any
willingness to disturb its workings. No cast iron system
forced all arbitrarily into certain relations ; each sought
his place in the world and found it as best he might
Many, even of those who had felt that their own fortunes
were bound up in the continuance of oppression, soon
recognized the good that your action had wrought.
Wrongs that had before been hidden were now speedily
righted. The freed people turned for guidance to those
of greater intelligence who had proved themselves their
friends, and trustingly followed their advice.
Look now at the evil part of the result. The ignorance
which slavery had forced upon the enslaved caused aojne
ot them to commit errojs and to suffer in changing their
PPiXHtfoP* HwwtbdoM, JwdJy one M SSta,
of t he old state of things. Those who changed were
sometimes driven by suffering into crime. The making
of municipal regulations and the administration of the
laws were in the hands of those who, while they pro-
iessed obedience to the letter of the new order of things,
were bitterly hostile to, and studiously disregarded, its
spirit. The only approach to a social convulsion was in
their efforts to destroy the effect of your policy of justice.
So far as it lay in their power they devised new oppres-
sions to replace the old, and for slavery of the individual
substituted serfdom of the class.
Thus you found that civil freedom divorced from po-
litical power was freedom only in name. So far as the
freed but not enfranchised people were concerned, they
lived not under a democratic republic, but under a des*
potism. They were forced to obey laws which they had
no voice in making and no power to alter ; they were
taxed without being represented : the laws made by
their friends were administered by their foes, whom they
had no means to remove from office : the political power
was concentrated in the hands of an aristocracy based on
race, with the unfailing results of the political degrada-
tion, speedily becoming social also, of the disfranchised
class : this class was virtually represented by dele
gates chosen from tbe several wards and divisions by
those who possessed the political franchise and meant
to keep the .disfranchised down, by delegates chosen
without consulting the latter, and directly opposed to
their wishes and interests: and by oppression they were
stirred to a desperation that only needed despair to be-
come revolution.
Thus the evil which resulted from your first experi-
ment of liberty was the outgrowth of the existing cir-
cumstances under which it was made, and of its result-
ing incompleteness. But its ratio to the evils which
your reforms had swept away was so small that your
action stood vindicated before the world.
When you saw plainly the state of the case, you were
asked to complete the freedom you had given by joining
political power with civil liberty. This proposal mot with
opposition from the same persons, and in the same way,
that the former one had done. The same divisions were
found in the oppressed class as before. Again appeared
those who, perhaps, desired no franchise, those who
prayed for it, those who wished hut darednot ask it, and
those Who knew neither its worth nor their own con-
dition. Again you were triumphantly pointed to the
comparative smallness of the number of men who asked
the franchise ; again you were assured that the mass 01
disfranchised men were contented with their patriarchal
relation, and did not desire enfrancliisefeient: again the
majority of those already possessing a vote were quoted
as opposed to the extension of the power: again you
were tauntingly told that when the mass of either op-
pressed or oppressors urged a change, it would be time
for you to trouble yourselves about the matter; again
the ignorance and dullness, growing out ot oppression,
were alleged as reasons for' its contiuuauce : again the
sufficiency of existing laws, add the identity of the inter,
ests of all parts of society, were loudly proclaimed :
again the doctLine was put forth that some have a
natural right and fitness to rule : again it was solemnly
predicted that an increase of freedom would be an in-
crease of licentiousness and laziness : and again the
tears of patriots and the prayers of Christiaus were in-
voked against the awful anarchy which threatened soci-
ety when these people should be dragged into partici-
pation in politics. Still farther it was urged that those
who had no property, no fixed- stake in the community,
should not have power over those who had : and that
those whose ignorance prevented them from forming a
just opinion should not have control in public affairs.
Again, the friends of justice explained the divisions
among the oppressed : again they replied that they
petitioned for the relief of those who needed relief, not
for that of those who did not : again they pleaded that
ttto oppression of one was as bad in principle as the op-
pression of many : again they expressed their willing-
ness that those who did not wish to use their freedom
should abstain, but insisted that those who wished to
exercise the power to vote should be free to do so :
again they protested that one mans indifference should
be no bar to another mans action : again they objocted
to receiving the opini n of the oppressors as conclusive
proof : again they reminded yon that the government
and the law failed in their purpose when they failed to
protect the poorest and the weakest : again they said
it was not the governments province to decide whether
a man should use hfs power in one or another harmless
way : again they exposed the insolent presumption of
those who alleged the results of wrong as its excuse ;
again they claimed that the time to consider a wrong
was when somplaint was mmlo, m<\ pointed to tho wv
ssjngimatd M swtoi I? iMs Mi
the time for consideration hadcome : again they replied
that those who ruled by their very nature needed no brute
force to enable them to rule : again they declared, that
the operation of freedom would define the sphere of
each, and keep each busy within it : again they pro-
nounced the good-will of the ruler an imperfect guaran-
tee of justice : and again they declared that tbe power
of every class to enter into polities when it needed pro-
tection was a safeguard against anarchy and revolution.
Still further, they answered that those wh^ had neither
the power of wealth nor the power of knowledge most
needed political power to protect them in their efforts to
gain what they lacked 4 that political power would
quickly educate its holders : that a disfranchised class
was dangerous to Hie peace of society : and that those
who feared evil from the enfranchised would take care
that they were instructed.
Again you carefully examined the subject. Again
you declined to drag any citizen inlo an exercise of
freedom which he did not desire. Again you made
liberty to all the cure for the suffering of some. Again
you refused to allow the oppressorto decide the question
whether oppression should cease; and submitted the
subject to the people fairly, by allowing each individual
to decide on his own action. You determined to estab-
lish the peace of society by leaving no class under hope-
less oppression : and to insure the quickest aud cheap-
est education. While you left every male citizen free to
deposit his ballot or not, as he might please, you abolish-
ed that feature of the laws which forbade certain citizens
to exercise the franchise at all; and you protected in
this exercise each man who chose to vote.
What was the result now ?
As before, this experiment of freedom, tried where you
could yourselves watch its working, yielded rich fruit.
Again freedom failed to drag into its wanton or foolish
exercise those who needed, not or knew not to use their
power : of twenty-five thousand voters but fifteenthou
sand, or but sixty per cent, of the whole number, voted
at one time ; yet those who did not vote were by no
means in tho same position as if disfranchised. As be-
fore, those who bad petitioned you, and those who wish-
ed but dare not to do so, returned thanks for their en.
franchisemcnt; and they combined their votes to pro-
tect themselves and each other. At once they became
objects of respect to the politicians who desired to con-
trol their power : ordinances were changed, and laws
were administered, with a view to conciliate instead of
to oppress. At once began a vigorous competition among
tho politicians, each striving to win the new voter to his
own views of public policy. By this free competition
every voter became a judge, at whose bar the politician
pleaded bis cause; and thus began the quickest and mos t
powerful educating process that the world has ever seen.
As before, the increaso ot power received by the enfran-
chised added to the motives for. treating them with kind-
ness and justice. As before, the increase of their free-
dom increased their ability to better their circumstances,
and they won high praise by their sober aud intelligent
use ot their new powers. As before, they accepted cheer-
lully tho part in the new order of things for which they
found fchomsolves fit. As before, the threatened social con-
vulsion proved a thuuder-cloud of fancy. Tho governmert
stood tinner than over, as it was fairer. Many even of
the former oppressing class saw the goodness of your
justice. All men were now oqually protected. The
friends ol the enfranchised became their trusted guides.
Tho number of voters was more than doubled, aud the
value ot' corruptly gainod votes was thus greatly less-
ened. Measures were instituted by the rich to secure
the enlightenment of the poor.
"What evil is there to set off against all tills good ?
As before, the ignorance of a few of the enfranchised
led them to misuse their power. Scarcely one, however,
regretted its possession. As before, the only approach
to a social convulsion was iu the efforts of some who
still held office to destroy tho effect of your policy of
justice.
Thus you fouud that civil freedom joined with political
power was freedom in fact as iu name. You heard aud
onfauebised the oppressed. You placed them under a
democratic republican government instead of a despot-
ism ; under one wherein they might take part in framing
and correcting the laws which they were called on to
obey. You gavo.them representation to control taxation;
you insured cheap aud speedy eduoatiop ; you placed the
administration of ihe laws mado for their benefit within
their own grasp ; you abo'ished tbe aristocracy of race
aud widely diffused political power, thus lilting up the
degraded and dangerous to the diguily of citizenship ;
you brushed away the cobweb of virtual representa-
tion -representation without I b 0 cousent of, or respon-
sibility to the ** yirtuftl er preteijctod constituent, jmI>
Wl in ft* place ;

86
J* .,T'

eg before them the yista of hope you averted the
dangers of despair.
Thus the evil which your second experiment of lib-
erty produced was, like that of the first, the outgrowth
of the surrounding conditions. Like that of your first,
however, as with all reforms, the evil which it produced
was less than that which it swept away.
But it was not complete. It did not remove the abuse
to which we seek to draw your attention, and whioh we
wish to discuss in the light of the foregoing accomplished-
facts.
That abuse is the life-long and, under existing laws,
hopeless disfranchisement of twenty- five thousand citi-
zens, many of whom need protection as much as those
whom you have already enfranchised, and are not their
inferiors in mind, heart, or capacity. Generally, indeed,
they are somewhat superior to the lately enfranchised
citizens ; for a large number have enjoyed the advan-
tages of fine education. Yet, as far as they are concerned,
this government is still a despotism. They still are forced
to obey laws which they cannot share ia shaping, and
whioh they have no direct power to change. They still
are taxed without being represented. They still must
submit to laws which are administered by officers whom
they have neither voice in choosing nor means to remove
if unjust. They still depend for security solely on the
good-will of those who rule. They still suffer by the
concentration of political power in the hands of a voting
aristocracy, and the unfailing result of their political
degradation, which in the majority of cases has become
social and spiritual as well. They still are "virtually
represented * by men who are in no sense responsible
to their virtual'* constituents, who have never been
even "virtually chosen to represent them, who rarely
condescend to consult them, and who often use their
votes and influence directly against the wishes and in-
terests of those whom they virtually represent. The
mass of them live in a condition which combines many
of the features of individual slavery and class serfdom.
Among the citizens of whom we speak exist the same
divisions as those created by past oppressions. Among
them are found those who, nursed in the lap of prosper-
ity, surrounded by the ripest fruits of Christian civiliza-
tion, and moving in those highest circles of society whioh
are a law unto themselves, feel no need of fresh power
or protection. Would to God that all were placed like
these t for then would our task be needless, and your
time and thoughts might be spent in pleasanter direc-
tions. But below these happy few^are found the larger
number who are oppressed, who struggle, who resist,
who cry to God and to you for help. Lower still are
found the vast number whose many and various suffer-
ings crush them into silence; while at the undermost
extreme are found those who do not know their condi-
tion because use has dulled their perception. A leading
journal oi the District lately confessed that the oppres-
sions which the citizens for whom we speak suffer, both
in courts and out of them, seemed to be without remedy
We propose a remedy. Once more it becomes plain
that civil freedom cannot exist apart from political
power. Twelve months ago you heard the prayer of the
oppressed, and united liberty and its guarantee in the
persons of eight thousand colored men. We ask you to
follow out your grand policy of justice by uniting them
in the persons oi three times that number?-in those of
twenty-five thousand women. Your two experiments of
freedom having gloriously succeeded here under your
own eyes, we ask you to try one on a grander scale.
Against this plain and equitable proposal is arrayed
the opposition which you have twice set aside. Once
more you are sneeringly shown that but a small portion
of the disfranchised ask enfranchisement. Once more
you are urged to believe that the mass of the disfran-
chised are satisfied with their lot. Once more the major-
ity of those already enfranchised are claimed against the
proposed enlargement; Once more the taunt is repeated
that when the mass of either enfranchised or disfran-
chised ask this enlargement it will be time for you to
turn your minds on the question. Once more the de-
feots arising from the present condition of things are
pleaded to justify the continuance of their cause. Once
more you are assured that existing laws, and the bonds of
interest and affeotion, are sufficient to prevent wrongs
wbich you are entreated to consider as the vaporinge of
morbid fancy. Once more the natural superiority and
fitness for rule of those who already possess political
power is noisily asserted-by themselves. Once more the
growth of vice is predicted to result from the growth of
justice. Once more the powers of eloquenoe are ex-
hausted to paint the fearful effects of the widening of
freedom. Once more you are told that those who have
no property at stake, or who have not been able to ac-
quire education, should not be allowed to wield political
power. Once more,, too, is the solemn warning given,
that if woman is dragged into politics by the opening of
the polls to her, her purity and delicacy will fail beneath
the shock, and that the family relation, the foundation
of society, will give way and whelm virtue and civiliza-
tion in its fall.
Yet again the friends of freedom are compelled to ex-
plain the apparent smallness of their number, and to
show that it by no means equals the number of those who
desire or would profit by the success of their petition.
Yet again we answer that we plead for those who suffer,
not for those who rejoice. Yet again we say that it is as
bad in principle lor one to suffer unjustly as for many.
Yet again we answer that we seek not to drag any
unwillingly into politics, but that the franchise should
be as free to one as to fifty thousand. Nay, more, we
deny that the possession of the vote can drag its holders
into its use ; and in proof of this we point to the fact
already noted, that but sixty per cent, of (hose who now
have votes have yet used them at one time. Yet again
we deny that the opinion of those who hold power is con-
clusive as to the propriety or righteousness of breaking
up their monopoly. Yet again we reply that those who
hold and enjoy this monopoly are not likely to urge its
termination. Yet again we claim that evils should be
examined when complaint is made. The very existence
of this Association is an organized complaint, and this
memorial, presented to you by an association which
largely consists of women, is proof that the evil of dis-
franchisement is felt. Yet again we are obliged to re-
mind you that those who are brought up to feel no in-
terest in public affairs are not likely to be distinguished
for knowledge of them ; and to point out the cruel wrong
which is done by those who, having cramped and dwarf-
ed the growing mind, turn to the very weakness and de-
formity that themselves have wrought, as reason for
cutting off their viefira from light and air. Yet again
we must point you to the records of the courts, to the
books of the police, to the experience of the clergyman,
the physician, the lawyer, of all who have personally dealt
with the subject, for overwhelming testimony to the true
worth of law to those whose only security is thegood-will
of the ruler. Yet again we have to remark that natural
rulers and guides need no arbitrary aid to insure their
ascendancy, and that thi claim would soundbetterifit
did not come from the lips of those for whom it is made.
Yet again we must observe that freedom is a cure for
social evils. We must remind you that the same
prophecies of social disorder were made as to your for-
mer experiments, and point to tbeir signal failure as an
earnest of the future. We must torn to the wall the
gloomy picture which the cobwebbed brains and mis-
used eloquence of conservative artists have prefigured of
the sure consequences of the success of our efforts, and
place before you a portraiture of daily life, wherein
every woman quietly takes the path of labor for which
she finds herself fitted, and treads it with peace in her
heart and loveliness in her thoughts and acts, because
she knows that if trouble shall come, she is free to defend
herself against it, and that none dare trample on her in
her distress. Yet more must we recall that woman has
ennobled every institution to which she has been ad.
mitted : that if public affairs have sunk so that she can-
not lift them up if she will, civilization is already ruined:
that even if a part in politics is degrading, she need not
enter it unless she so desire : and that her arbitrary ex-
clusion from all part therein, without her consent and
even agaiust her will, is an outrage on her freedom and
a degrading tyrannyj for it stamps her as unfit even to
decide the preliminary question of participation. Yet
again we must urge that the law fails in its very end
when it does not protect the weakest, and that the law
will only be sure to protect the weakest when the weak-
est Jias a power over its administration. Yet again we
must insist that the government is strongest which rests
most on the affections of the people : and that that gov
eminent takes the widest and firmest hold in which every
citizen has a personal share, interest and security. Stall
further must we answer that those who have neither
the power of wealth nor the power of knowledge'
most need political power to protect them in tbeir efforts
to make up their defects; that political power will
quickly educate its holder; that a disfranchised class is
dangerous to the well-being of society ; and that those
who fen* evil from the enfranchised will see that they
are informed.
~We ask you therefore to examine this subject with
the same care that you have given to lesser ones. We do '
not ask you to drag any woman into the exercise of po-
litical functions. We do ask you to apply the cure
of liberty for the whole sex to the suffering of a part.
We ask you to reject the opinion of the present holders
of political power as a settlement of the question. We
ask you to submit the question to the people fairly, by
allowing every woman to decide on her own action.
While you leave every woman free to deposit, or not to
deposit her ballot, as she pleases, we ask you to abolish
that feature of existing laws which forbids her to exer-
cise the franchise at all. We ask you to abolish the con-
centration of power in an aristocracy of sex, as you have
abolished it in one of race. If it is urged that women are
not required to bear arms, and therefore should not vote,
we remark that without their aid the late war would
have failed, and that this objection might possibly have
weight if only men who bore arms could vote. We ask
you to protect in the exercise of her franchise every
woman who chooses to use it.
What will be the result, should you grant our prayer ?
Yet again freedom will fail to drag into its wan ton or fool-
ish exercise those who need or know not to exercise it.
Still again those will use it who need its protection, nor
' will those who do not be in the same position as if disfran-
chised. Still again will you be blessed for a great act of
justice by those who feel their position and joyfully join
to guard their rights. Still again will the enfranchised be-
come objects of respect to the politicians who wish to
control their votes. Still again will ordinances be
changed, and laws administered, with a view to concili-
ate instead of to oppress them. At once will begin a
vigorous competition among the politicians, each of whom
will strive to "win the new voter to bis own views of pub -
lie policy. By this free competition each of these
twenty-five thousand new voters will become a judge, at
whose bar the politician will plead his cause ; and thus
will begin the quickest and most powerful educating
process that the world ever saw. Still again the new
power of the enfranchised will add to the motives for
treating them kindly and justly. Still again the increase
of their freedom will enable them to live better in all re-
spects, and they will surprise many by the dignity and
wisdom with which they will use their new powers*
Still again they will accept cheerfully the part in the new
order of things for which they find themselves fit. Still
again the threatened social convulsion will prove a
vision of the air. The government, fairer than ever, will
stand firmer. Still again many even of the present ruling
class will s equally protected. Still again the friends of the enfran-
chised will be their trusted guides. The number of
voters will be more than doubled again, andtbe value of
curruptly gained votes will be again greatly lessened.
What evil will there be to set off against all this good ?
Still again, the ignorance of a few of the enfranchised
will lead them to misuse tbeir powers. Scarcely one.
however, will regret its possession- Stiff again those
even who need it not, will thank you for a fresh guar-
antee of safety. Still again the only approach to social
disturbance will be by the efforts of some to destroy the
effect of your policy of justice.
We ask you then to crown yourselves with yet nobler
laurels. We ask you to place the women of this District
under a democratic republic instead of a despotism i
under one wherein they may take part In framing and
correcting the laws which they must obey : we ask you
to give them representation to control taxation: we ask
you to place the administration of the laws made lor
their benefit witbiu theffi own grasp: we ask you to
abolish the aristocracy of sex, as you have abolished
that of race : and widely to diffuse political power, and
thus to lift up the degraded and dangerous to the dig-
nity of citizenship : we ask you to brush away the cob-
web of "virtual representation "representation with-
out consent of, or responsibility to the virtual or pre-
tended constituentand to substitute real representation
therefor. We ask you to establish the welfare of society
by leaving no class under hopeless oppression, and to
insure the quickest and cheapest education. We ask you
to open before every woman the vista of hope, and thus
to avert from her the dangers of despair.
Thus the evil which your third experiment of freedom
shall produce will be, still again, the outgrowth of sur-
rounding conditions. Yet again, however, your reform,
like all reforms, will produce less evils than those which
it sweeps away. As it will make freedom more complete,
it will be more successful; and more than ever will your
action stand vindicated before the world.
We do not ask of you unseemly haste, nor object to due
deliberation; but we would remind you, that when an
evil cause is working to produce distress, each day of its
continuance is just so much more woe.
Josephine S. Geiffing,
George B. Vashon,
LYDIA S. TTat.t.
Augustus F. Boyle,
Ann M. Boyle,
J. H. Crane,
Belva MoNall Lockwood,
John Mathew,
Angrune S. Ball,
Geob ie F. Needham,
hi ary T. Corner,
E. D. E. N. Southwouth,
A: B. Olen,
Mary Olin,
John R. Elvans,
Annie Denton Cbidge,
Charles Roeser,
Julia Archibald,
Daniel Breed.
Josephine L. Slade,
George T. Downing,
J. E. H. Willcox,
Co mmiUee*


87
gUvtflutifltt.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
THE REVOLUTION AT THE DEMOCRATIC CON-
VENTION.WOMEN ON THE TAX LIST.THE
HISTORY OE THE WOMEN OF THE WAR.LORD
JEFFRIES SENDS MR. TRAIN BACK TO PRISON.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, )
July 22, 1868. f
Dear Revolution : Only scissorings to-
day, and tikis is my only letter this mail.
LORD JEFFRIES REFUSES TO RELEASE MR. TRAIN.
Dublin Express, July 21.
The Ebbw Vale Co. u. George Fbanoib Train.Tbe
following are the grounds, as detailed in the affidavits,
upon which the application to liberate Mr. Train was
made by Mr. Palles, Q.C., on the last chamber day :
The affidavit of the defendant states that he was arrested
on the 3d March last on.a Judges fiat for £895 15s. Id.
debt, and £10 costs, obtained on the affidavit of Joseph
Robinson, in the cause of Abraham Parley, William Tot-
hill, Henry Dickinson, Thomas Browne, and Joseph Rob-
inson, lately trading as the Ebbw Vale Company, plain-
tiffs; George Francis Train, defendant; but that the exe-
cution issued pursuant to the fiat was not by the plaintiffs
, as a firm entitled in the affidavit and summons and plaint*
but by Abraham Parley, William Tothill, Henry Dickin-
inson, Thomas Browne, and Joseph Robinson. That on
the 30th March last defendant filed his petition in insol-
vency, and therein set forth the fiat debt for which he had
been arrested, and that the plaintiffs came in and proved
as creditors for the amount of the fiat; and on the 23d
June the petition was adjudicated on by Judge Miller,
who adjourned it sine die. That on the 2d July instant,
the plaintiffs as described in the summons and plaint,
placed a detainer on the delendant for £911 Is. 8d. ; and
the Marshal then gave the defendant a certificate thathe
held him in custody for the amount of both the com-
mittal and detainer, amounting to £1,816 17s. 3d., and
refused the defendants demand to leave the prison*
But on the evening of the 3d July the defendant received
a letter from the Marshal stating that he was directed by
the plaintiffs attorney to release him on paying the
amouut of the ca, sa. for which alone he then remained
in custody. And the affidavit further stated that since
the plaintiffs marked judgment the defendant discov-
ered that the plaintiffs were made bankrupts beforo the
commencement of their action, and that the debt was
therefore legally vested in the assignees of the bank-
rupts, and not due to the plaintiffs.
Counsel contended that the defendant should he dis.
charged, on the grounds that he was illegally arrested by
parties, not the plaintiffs described in the summons and
plaint as a firm, but by four persons named in the fiat,
and was held in custody for the aggregate amount of fiat
and judgment, and that the release from custody under
the fiat rendered the detainer on the foot of the judg-
ment nugatory ; and also on the ground that the plain-
tiffs, having proved as creditors in the insolvent matter,
which was adjudicated on, were thereby prevented irom
further proceedings against the defendant. As we have
already stated, the application was opposed by Mr. Mar-
tin on behalf of the plaintiffs, and refused by Judge
Eeogh.
The Castle send police force with me to Cork.
Afraid of rescue. Governor Gordon with me
and two turnkeys. Look out for music by the
band. This is the order.
MR. TRAIN HABEAS CORPUSED TO CORK.
Dublin Freemans Journal, July 22.
Mr. Justice OBrien sat yesterday in chamber, and
heard motions for the three law courts.
MB. TRAINS LECTURES.
Dillon u. Tooker.Mr. ORiordan, on behalf of plain-
tiff, moved for a writ of habeas corpus ad testificandum,
directed to the Marshal of the Four Courts Marshalsea,
in whose custody Mr. Train, one of the plaintiff's wit-
nesses now was. The action was brought for an alleged
breach of contract, the defendant having let the Pro-
testant Hall for the purpose of baring public lectures
delivered in it, and having afterwards refused to fulfil
the contract. The plaintiff now sought for the writ of
habeas corpus in order that he might have the attendance
of Mr. Train as a witness on the trial at the Cork assizes.
The motion was granted.
LET THOSE LAUGH WHO WIN.
No wonder tm, democrats laughed at seeing
the radicals shown
N. Y. Correspondence of the London Standard.
Wanting something better to do, we listen to the ad-
dress of the Woman Suffrage Association. The demo-
crats are told that as negroes have been enfranchised,
equal privileges must be extended to women ; they are
asked to remember that their party has been always the
champion of unrestricted suffrage; they are advised to
recognize a movement that must inevitable succeed,
and they are threatened with defeat in the coming elec-
tion as the penalty of blindness to the New idea.
Susan B. Anthony, who drew up the address, and E-
Cady Stanton, one of the signers, sit on the right there,
as delegates. They are treated with extraordinary
politeness ; veteran politicians' dangle about them as
though they were the fairest and youngest of Eves
daughters. They use their fans incessantly, criticize
with sharpness the proceedings and the actors, look ra-
ther uncomfortable, are much stared at by delegates
and reporters, and derided openly by the rude vulgar in
the galleries. Their address is received with screams
of laughter ; their laces, normally not of lilty whiteness,
flame like peonies, and in a little time they retire with
some precipitation to tue retuge of The Revolution
office, where doubtless they are at this moment prepar-
ing lightnings to scorch the cajoling, unbelieving demo-
cracy. We have two sessions to-day ; but as the com-
mittee of platform does not report we adjourn until to-
morrow.
ANOTHER WOMAN PASSES THE RUBICON.
Dr. Mary Walker of the United States astonished us
in the spring by walking our hospitals in knickerbockers.
We have eclipsed her this week by a home-growth,
wliicb can be erudite, and yet not abdicate the petticoat
of her sex. Mademoiselle Emma Chenu, bachelor of
sciences, has just passed for the licentiate in mathemati-
cal sciencesan honor only to be attained through a rig-
orous ordeal in the differential calculus, trigonometry,
astronomy, and sundry other ometries, ologies, and
isms, unknown to the deponent. Honor to Miss Chenu,
and peace to the happy man who will get hernot me, I
hope. A wife who can knit a blue stocking, and is not
above doing it, is more to ihe taste of a literary gentle-
man than a blue-stocking who can skip over the Pons
Asinorum, and manipulate a table of logarithms.Lon,'
don Paper. *
START THE CLUBS OF THE REVOLUTION.
Sorosises are the order of the day in England.
Here is another Womans Club.
Proposed Club fob Women.A meeting was held
yesterday afternoon at the School of Art, Newman
street, Oxford street, for the purpose of promoting the
establishment of a club for women. Mr. Hodgson Pratt
occupied the ebair, and there was a large number of la-
dies present. Letters approving the object of the meet-
mg were read fr< m Miss Smedjey (Tenby), Mrs. Cole-
ridge, Mrs. P, A. Taylor, Miss Becker (Manchester), Mr.
Ruslun, etc. The chairman explained the objects of the
emb, of which Mrs. Heatheriy, School of Art, was the
originator. It was proposed to establish a club ior those
young women who are employed in London, and who
have no rolativos or friends to whose houses they can re-
sort on Sundays, or during tho leisure of week-day even-
ings. At tho club, or clubs, young women should be
free from all interference, but the management should
be such as to secure the members from evil influences.
1 While there should be perfect independence, oppbrtunitos
should at the same time be afforded for the cultivation
of elevating pursuits and a refined taste. At tho olubs
women would find refreshments at a moderate price*
means of rest, of writing, reading, and society. Many
establishments require their young women to leave on
Sundays, in order to save the Sunday meal, and for
those the club would be invaluable. Alter a good deal
of discussion, two resolutions were passed, as follows :
1st. <1 That it is desirable that an institution should be
established for women which should provide them with
the advantages generally found in working mens olubs
suoh as tho means of recreation, society, and mental im-
provement. 2d. That a provisional committee be ap-
pointed to inquire into the best mode of carrying out the
foregoing objects, and to report to a future meeting.
A subscription list was then opened, and the meetiug ad-
journed.London Telegraph.
LILLY MAXWELL HAS SET ALL THE WOMEN TAX-
PAYERS TO THINKING.
Female Franchise.To the Editor of ihe Star Sir :
In the list just published of -the persons entitled
to vote in the'eleotion ot knights of the shire from
the county of Middlesex, in respect of the occupation as
owner or tenant of lauds or tenements within the parish
of Hillingdon of the rateable value of £12 or upwards,
there are the names ol not less than fifty-six women,
I
n a similar list published for Uxbridge, which joins
Hillingdon, there does not appear the name of one wo-
man. It would very much interest many of the elec-
tors in this part of the country, and doubtless else-
where, if some competent authority would Inform them
whether the overseers of a parish are at liberty to Insert
or omit at pleasure tbe names of females among the list
of voters. Your obedient servant,
A Middlesex Elector.
Uxbridge, July 18.
WALK UP TO THE BALLOT-BOX, LADIES.
The women of America, I believe, under the
Constitution, have a right to vote. Why dont
you try it in November.
Womans Suffrage.The overseers of the township
of Oonside and Knitsley, West Durham, having resolved
to put on the parliamentary registry all women possess-
ing the necessary qualifications, have prepared their
list in conformity to such resolution. The oversews of
Marsden, in Lancashire, have agreed to place duly quali-
fied women on the list of voters.London Standard.
HAVE NOT WOMEN THE SAME RIGHT TO HAVE PARA-
MOURS THAT MEN HAVE TO KEEP MISTRESSES?
When women are emancipated, men will be
more moral. As these social questions are more
and more discussed, society will be organized on
a sounder basis. Polygaudry, as practiced iu
the Himal&yahs, is no move than Polygamy, as
practiced in Utah. The woman has as divine a
right to her paramour as the man to have a
mistress. But women, better than men, scorn
the ignoble habits of their slave-owners. They
consent still to wear the chains, but, more vir-
tuous, they refuse to adopt the vices of men.
If a. husband is bad, what right has he to find
fault with his wife ? When men choose wives
on an affinity of intellect instead of passion, a
better crop of children Will be gathered in the
fall.
WHY DONT THE WOMEN OF THE REVOLUTION
SKETCH THE HISTORY OF THE UNION WOMEN OF
THE WAR ?
Why not open up this field? Their noble
action was an epic poem. Their wonderful
energy preserved thousands of lives. Their
constant vigil is the dream of many a soldier
saved. Ask Mrs. Geo. T. M. Davis to write you
the history of the noble army of Union nurses
during the war of the Revolution.
George Francis Train.
A NEW PARTY.
Cabdington, Monroe Co., Ohio.
Editors of the Revolution
With pleasure I havo just read in your issue of the
29th July a uotico of an incipient movement in the direc-
tion of getting up a Convention for tbe nomination of
independent candidates for President and Vice-President.
I hope the movement will be pushed on to a successful
issue. Your journal is taking the lead in the right di-
rection. It is the only journal that approximates the
demands, the spirit of the times. I trust it will improve
this propitious hour to strike effectually for universal,
freedom, by aiding to evolve a third party upon a pl*U
form that will meet the demands of the times.
Had the Convention at Tammany Hall taken a step or
two in advance of tho republican platform, and nomi-
nated Mr. Chase ior the Presidency, I have but little
doubt that he would have been elected next fall. The
rights of woman, of labor, and of everything sacred to
humanity, are struggling for an utterance. It seems to
me that now is the time to agitate the question iu that
direction, and hoist the banner with woman inscribed
upon its waving folds.
Mr. Chase, at the head of such a party, with such a
platform as your Central Committee recommends, might
be elected, and demolish existing party conservatism
like a whirlwind.
Very respectfully, T. M. EwiNO.
A London publisher is getting out some of Lola Mon*
teas letters.


88

()f Hmaltttimt.
ELIZABETH CADY 8TAMTOW,) Pi1Mami
PARKER PILLSBURY, ] u^aitois.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, AUGUST 13, 1868.
Caution.In remitting money through the
Post Office to The Revolution, the only safe
way is by Registered Letter or Post Office
Money Order. This suggestion cannot be ob-
served too strictly.
THE WORE TO BE BONE.
In the last Revolution, we called attention
to the important business of the coming cam-
paign. One important measure will be to peti-
tion Congress for extension of suffrage to woman
in the District of Columbia, where it has entire
jurisdiction. That point secured, the whole coun-
try soon follows. There Emancipation of the
slaves was first proclaimed. There, suffrage and
citizenship were returned by Congress to the
colored man. There, too, most appropriately,
should the same boon be extended to woman.
It is her right as a moral and intelligent
being, and only by usurpation and tyranny
has she ever been deprived of it. It is
her legal and constitutional right, as a loyal,
patriotic, tax-paying, law-abiding member of
the body politic. And all this a large
number of both houses of Congress believe and
admit. So, too, do other high officials at the
national capital. Why, then, shall that sacred,
invaluable, inseparable right to American citi-
zenship be longer withheld? Let our earnest
persistent demand of the next session of Con-
gress be assurance that it must no longer be
tyranically kept from her.
We suggested week before last, that a com-
mittee of one, two, or more, should be consti-
tuted in every city ward, town and village,
where practicable, to lead off in the work. Peti-
tions in the form given below, or better,
should be in the hands of the committees to be
presented, if possible, to every person of mature
age in such localities. We can paper over the
whole District with our signatures, and it would
be a handwriting on the wall more potent than
shook the stubborn knees of the king of
Babylon.
Contributions in money will also, as usual, be
required, and for the same important, inevitable
purposes. To print petitions in thousands and
tracts by millions, to support agents to lecture,
and to soatter petitions and publications will be
but a part of the demand. Our work is Herculean
in magnitude, sublime in importance as hu-
man destiny. Who, then, will come up to our
help? Rather, who that loves liberty will not
come? Now, emphatically, is our day and
hour.
The following is submitted as a Form of
Petition:
To the Senaie and House of Representatives of the
United States.
The undersigned inhabitants of the State of
, respectfully petition that in the next
revision of the laws of the District of Columbia,
you will extend to woman th right of Suffrage
equally with man,
Let men and women sign in separate columns,
and as fast as petitions are filled up, they
should be sent to Mrs. Josephine S. Griffing,
394 North Capitol Street, Washington^ D. C.
To some, these announcements may seem
premature, as Congress will not, probably, meet
for several months yet. But we deem it of the
highest importance that there should be an
early waking to the work in hand. The politi-
cal parties are setting us an example, both of
promptitude and zeal. Let not the children of
this world be ever wiser than the children of
light. The Central Committee in New York, 37
Park Row, Mrs. Abby H. Gibbons, Mrs. Horace
Greeley, Mrs. Stanton, and Miss Anthony, will
be most happy to communicate with any local
committee, of od or more, in any locality in
the country, to answer any questions, or render
any assistance in their power. The columns of
The Revolution, the organ of the com-
mittee, will be open to any well considered pre-
sentations pertaining to the subject, to the ex-
tent of their limits. In the language of the in-
vincible William Lloyd Garrison, at the opening
of his ever memorable career, We will not
RETREAT, WE WILL NOT EQUIVOCATE. We WILL
NOT BUDGE A SINGLE INCH ; AND WE WILL BE
HEARD P. P.
THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.
The ratification of the fourteenth article of
Constitutional Amendments by the requisite
number of states, is believed by many to have
settled the question of suffrage for a long time,
if not for all time. There are, however, various
opinions held by persons of the same political
faith as to what the amendment means, and
how far it provides for restricting the right, or
whether it can be restricted at all. The New
York Herald ventures the declaration that the
word male inserted three times in one short sec-
tion, removes forever the ballot from the hand
of woman. Woman was not deprived of suf-
frage by the amendment, because she was never
supposed to possess it under the Federal Con-
stitution. Nor is she thereby prevented from
acquiring the right by agitation, discussion, pe-
tition and all the instrumentalities by which Re-
volutions are wrought. She was demanding it
before; she can demand it still. So much,
therefore of Herald wisdom goes for nothing.
The history of that amendment should not
be forgotten. It was conceived in sin in the
first place, and shaped in iniquity ; and its
fruits will be only evil, and that continually.
At the opening of the session of Congress in
1865, there seemed brave determination to es-
tablish the new South, at least on the basis of
impartial male suffrage, if no higher. Before
the close of the first week, Senator Sumner had
thirteen distinct measures by bills or resolutions
before the 'Senate, every one of them, directly
or indirectly, recognizing the civil and political
equality of the white and colored races. Be-
fore the end of the first month, old Mr. Stevens
had denounced the Drecl Scott decision of a
white mans government, as only he could de-
nounce it; declaring, with terrific earnestness,
that it had already damned the soul of its
author to everlasting fame, and he feared to
everlasting fire! Mr. Sumner, too, poured
upon it all the vials of his more than apoca-
lyptic wrath. But the spring grass was not
green, before both those valiant champions of
the black mans rights were advocating what
was blasphemously called a Constitutional
Amendment that restores to the rebel states the
right to disfranchise every colored man, pro-
vided they will pay a stipulated price. And no
very high price it will be found after all. The
two first sections of the amendment read
thus:
Article xrv.Sec. 14. All persons bora or natural-
ized in tbe United States and subject to the jurisdiction
thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the
state wherein they reside. No state shall make or en-
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or im-
munities of citizens of the United States ; nor shall any
state deprive any person of life, liberty or property
without due process of law, nor deny to any person
within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Sec. 2. Representatives shall he apportioned among
the several states according to their respective numbers,
counting the whole number of persons in each state, ex-
cluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote
at any election for the choice of electors for the Presi-
dent and Vibe-President of the United States, Represen-
tatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers
of a state, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is
denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state,
being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United
States, or in anyway abridged, except for participation
in rebellion of other crime, the basis of representation
' shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of
such male'Citizens shall bear to the whole number of
male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state.
The first of these sections was in the Consti-
tution before. And it stood as both declara-
tion and defence of the right of citizenship.
But the second denies, nullifies the right abso-
lutely. The first declares unequivocally first,
who are citizens of the United States, and se-
condly, that no state shall make or enforoe
any law which shall abridge the privileges or
immunities of citizens of the United States.
But the fight of representation by suffrage is
the primal, final, fundamental, distinctive right
of American citizenship, and a denial, or
abridgment of that rights constitutes that very
crime. Nothing else could constitute it But
the second section provides for the commission
of that crime, and every colored voter may yet
be robbed constitutionally of his constitutional
right of suffrage! First, it is positively de-
clared a certain thing shall not be done.
Then it provides how the thing may be
done with equal positiveness. It is as
though a law said thou shalt not steed, and
then section second provided how theft may be
lawfully perpetrated, by day or night But
there is even a more atrocious anomaly still.
The Amendment provides that a state may dis-
franchise a portion of its citizens, and then the
Federal government may complete the outrage
by depriving them of right of representation in
Congress. The severest part of the penalty is to
be inflicted on the victim, not on the perpetra-
tor of the crime. As if a law should read, no
man shall steal horses; but if' he do steal
horses,' the man from whom he stole them shall
not be permitted to keep horses any longer.
But the thief may continue to steal as before.
No banker shall forge the name of another
banker; but if one does so forge, he may con-
tinue in business, may even continue his for-
geries, may extend them to every banking-
house in tbe city, but the houses thatsuffer by
him shall not be permitted any longer to issue,
even lawful paper, nor any paper. Brigham
Young shall have only one wife ; but if he pro-
ceed to marry more than one, or ten, or twenty'
then all the women of the world shall be at Ms
disposal; shall no longer be protected in per-
son or purity.
It should be remembered, too, that amending
the Constitution was not the thing sought, at
the outset, but how to restore the government
broken in pieces by treason end rebellion, with
he least possible offence to traitors and rebels*


|Uvoluti0.
89
i-
By all the laws of justice and right, as men
generally reason, and always legislate, traitors
aud rebels deserve death. But this proposal
was made to them at first as a conciliation. At
the expense, too, of the rights of all the colored
people of the south was it made. They, too,
were our friends, not our foes. But they were
not consulted. They were not asked, Willjtou
consent, for the sake of our (not your) peace
and friendship with your old masters, to be de-
prived of your rights of suffrage and citizen-
ship, and to live as serfs and vassals to the ty-
rants who have robbed you in all your genera-
tions for two hundred years? We didnt ask
them that. We didnt ask them anything.
Why should we ? To this hour a black man is
virtually treated as though he had no rights
which a white man or white mans govern-
ment is bound to respect. This very Constitu-
tional amendment so treats him. We have
never submitted this amendment intelligently
to the colored men of the south. We dare not
doit, they understanding fully and truly what
it means. We did not consult the slaves on the
war. We drafted them to fight and die for a
government and Union that had enslaved them
from its beginning! When all other resources
failed, we welded them into black thunderbolts,
hurled them as any bombshells at the head of the
rebellion, and the rebellion went down before
them. Then we sat down and took counsel of
the rebels how we could together rob this un-
fortunate race still farther, the states denying
them suffrage, and the Federal government rob-
bing them of right of representation in Congress
and baptizing the diabolical transaction as an
Amendment to the Constitution! And no.w
a proclamation has gone forth that the amend-
ment is ratified, and is a part of the funda-
mental law of the land. And the New York
Iribune already warns the colored people that
they may soon be disfranchised under the
Amendment, or in spite of the Amendment,
should the democratic party again come into
power. Robbing the proscribed class of right
of suffrage in Connecticut or Ohio does not
reduce the number of Senators from those
states, will not reduce it from any state. The
southern states may deprive all the colored
people of the ballot, and their power in the
Senate will not be affected to-day. And that
power alone through the whole reign of Clay
and Calhoun was omnipotence itself, regardless
of the lower House, even against the men of
their generation. How much more then against
the unvertebrated beings so many members are
to-day!
Before the Constitution was thus amended, it
disfranchised nobody. Colored men, not slaves,
voted in most of the states at the time of its
adoption, and long afterwards. In New Jersey,
colored men, and women, irrespective of color,
voted at the beginning of the present century.
Colored men were not deprived of suffrage in
Connecticut until 1817.
Free colored men made the slaves unhappy
and discontented, and so they were degraded to
serfs and made as miserable in freedom as pos-
sible. Even the slaves were taught to despise
them. The Colonization scheme was a conspi-
racy against the free colored people to banish
them out of the country. One ot its chosen
champions said in a public address or report,
they (the free colored people) are vipers suck-
ing our blood ; we will hurl them from us.
The spirit of slavery pervaded the north and
proscribed color everywhere, It erected negro
eo^veyances, negro schools, negro pews, negro
nooks in graveyards, and fancied negro kitchens
and quarters in the kingdom of heaven. Ne-
groes were nuisances everywhere excepting in
a condition of degradation. There they were a
pride, an honor, an ornament. As slaves or ser-
vants, everybody possessed them who could. In
freedom, they were too offensive for endurance
by white, delicate, exquisite olfactories. Not so,
however, in slavery. That Betbesda cleansed
from all the leprosy and plague of color. There
all their offence, though rank, smelling to heaven,
ceased. They could be cooks, bakers, barbers,
body servants, wet nurses, yea and mistresses,
too, hugged in the embrace of the most fasti-
dious Beau Brummels who ever sported a rattan,
or swung a cartwhip over a negros back, or sold
the children of his own blood in the shambles
like calves of the stall!
And now behold the result.- Despised, de-
graded, imbruted, the negro yet ranks politically,
even in Connecticut, with the Sigourneys, the
Catharine Beechers, the Harriet Beecher Stowes,
and all the many eminent women that state ever
boasted. It is women and niggers where-
ever we go. When we began to ask suffrage for
the colored man, the first spontaneous gush that
met us from throat of stable boy, street comer
rough and rowdy, pot-house politician and
ghostly pulpit alike was, Why dont you let
women vote? Would you let women vote?
The next thing you will be asking that
women vote! refining at length and stereo-
typing into the elegant compound, So then,
you would have women and niggers vote?
And a republican Congress, to win the forfeited
favor and friendship of tyrants, traitors and
rebels, clinched this diabolical logic by insert-
ing the word male in that very amendment to
the Constitution under which the white men of
the south hope and confidently expect to de-
grade and disfranchise their colored citizens for-
ever more. Aud thus southern slaveholders
and northern republicans answer together, no,
so help us God, we will not let women and
NIGGERS VOTE P. P.
A MODEL WOMAJX.]
The following from the pen of the Rev. H. L.
Wayland should not be a mere fancy sketch, but
the reality with every bom woman. He knows
one such he tells us. Let that one stand the pro-
phecy of all women in the future. We do not ex-
pect much of humanity, and so do not realize
much in man or woman. According to your
faith be it unto you, is one of the truest and
sublimest utterances in human language, and
one of the most important. And the principle
runs through all human action and aspiration.
We expect nothing, we aim at nothing, we ar-
rive at nothing, is true of an awful proportion
of the human race. The Hot Wells of Bath,
England, have brought multitudes there to die
as well as to be cured during the centuries, and
the Old Abbey church is filled with mural and
other monuments of the .departed, but scarcely
a name known to fame appears among them all.
And a satirist there has left this tracing to be read
as his estimate of them :
These walls adorned with monument and b net,
Show how Baths waters serve to lay the dust.
. Over how many cemetery gates might not the
substance of this be placed? And the satire
will be just until loftier ideas of human possi-
bility and perfection are entertained.
Men sometimes say of a caged lion, if he only
knew his strength, how soon he would be free 1
So of $e man, if he only knew his power, his
possibilities, how quickly be would burst the
second death cerements that now hold him, and
leap to loftier life and action ? Who shall speak
the new word of life to stir the stagnant souls
of these unburied dead, that make our nation
and the world of man so like the vision of the
Hebrew prophet: a valley of dry bones! Who
shall cry with his fervor and his faith too,
Come from the four winds, O breath, and
breathe upon these .slain, that they may live!
But our readers shall not lose Mr. Wayland in
these musings of our own. It should be im-
pressed on the mind mid heart oi universal hu-
manity that the rare models like this described
below, and all the sublimest attainments ever
yet reached by saint or sage, are but the begin-
ning, not the end, of what every mortal man
and woman will one day reach in the earthly
life, not the heavenly, where it doth not yet ap-
pear, even in a few models, what we shall be.
Mr. Wayland says, I know one lady (I use
the singular number not unadvisedly), and she
is not compelled by her circumstances, who
makes housekeeping an art, who studies chem
try and physiology, that she may adapt her table
to the comfort and health of her family; who is
the mistress of her servants, and not their unpaid
dependent; who knows when the work of the
house is done, and if it is not done is able to
show the servants the reason of their failure ;
and with all this, she is not a drudge, with a
soul confined to pots and pans, but a sensible,
pleasing and truly religious woman, who, while
enhancing the happiness of her family and
doubling the income of her husband, alike by
reducing his expenses and freeing his mind from
vexing cares, yet is also reading the best books,
is serving God, and dispensing charity to man.
One such woman I know ; pray how many da
you know ? p. p.
THE SITUATION,
There is every indication that the whole
South, if not the whole nation, will be under
Martial Law within three months. The papers
of both parties agree that Tennessee is in worse
condition, if possible, than at any time during
the rebellion. South Carolina is not much, if
any better, and Louisiana and Texas are ab-
solutely in a state of war. The new Governor
of Louisian a has appealed to the Federal gov-
ernment for troops to preserve order, and gives
most frightful reasons why his demand should
be promptly met. His account shows that in
many places there is no protection in the courts
men are shot down on the roads and at home and
no steps are taken to punish the offenders. The
Judge of the Twelfth Judicial District refuses to
go to the parish of Franklin, unless a force is sent
to protect him. The Sheriff of the same parish,
a democrat, has resigned his office, confessing
his inability to make arrests. The houses of
prominent Union men in the parish of Caddo
are beset by desperadoes, their lives have been
saved only by armed men who volunteered to
guard them. Men, women and children, have
recently been murdered iu the parish of St. Lan-
dry by bands of men who remain unmolested.
One hundred and fifty have been murdered in
Louisiana in the last six weeks.
A secret organization has been started for the
purpose of keeping down colored men. There
are military branches of this secret organization
in the City of New Orleans. The members drill
openly in the streets at night, or in public halls,
The mob which threatened the Legislature some
weeks since was prevented repeating the


90
35ft* §Uvoluti0tt.
riots of 1866 by the presence of United States
troops. It was the intention of this organiza-
tion to assassinate theLieutenant-Governov and
the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Gov. Warmouth says, in conclusion, that he
believes a bloody revolution is meditated. He
asks for two regiments of cavalry, a regiment of
infantry, and a battery of artillery, to enable
him to repress violence, arrest criminals, and
protect the officers of the law.
IMPRISONMENT OF MR. TRAIN.
Some, of the English and Irish newspapers
have very long accounts of the reasons for the
long imprisonment of Mr. Train. An excerpt
or two from one of his own letters in the Lon-
don CosinojJoliian throws sunshine on much of
tkeTrain question. The Ebbw Vale Iron Com-
pany are plaintiff in a little pretended suit for
tramway rails. Train commences his letter
thus:
THE AXLE AND THE WHEEL.
Four Coubts Marshalsea, 1
Dublin, July 10,1868. }
Dear Cosmopolitan : The Ebbw Vale Cojapany, the
London Times, Hey wood, Kennards & Co., and the Bank
of EDgland were the axle on which we turned this gigan-
tic Twenty Million Sterling wheel of credit. Twenty mil-
lions, and yet they have dared to arrest me lor .five hun-
dred pounds, an alleged Tramway debt, ten years old,
every shilling of which I hereby solemnly swear I paid
to James McHenry, as I wrote John G. Elsey, in 1864 ;
and in these articles will produce the orieinal agreement
signed by McHenry with Thomas C. Durant, the Pacific
Railroad King, who was arrested with me at Cork in
January last.
.The twenty millions referred to were ne-
gotiated by Train, as he shows, for constructing
the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad. Fur-
ther down he says :
I omitted to mention in the above list of correspon-
dents the name of James McHenry, from whom I have
one hundred and fifty letters regarding this negotiation,
who swore an affidavit that I had not paid him the Ebbw
Yale claim ; but he did not swear that my wife kad not paid
him, or, in other words, that he deducted £710 from the
£15,000 paid over to her in New York, when the Sir Mor-
ton Peto Excursion was organized at an expense of fifty
thousand dollars, in order (o put The Debentures on
the London Stock Exchange. Let roe' give an extract or
two from my private letters. I was arrested in Dublin
on a fal purely illegal, as will be shown when I bring
my claim for damages, and Ibis extract from Mrs. Trains
letter, written at once in New York, tells the whole
truth :
1381a Madison Avenue, \
New York, March 6. J
* * Thocabletelegraraaimouucesyoorarrestthe
previous evening at Dublin lor debt, and from what Dr*
Durant says, who arrived in the Russia yesterday, it may
possibly be in connection with the old tramway claims,
paid or agreed to be paid by Mr. McHenry, who charged
me cash with all of them, and it was deducted from the
amount due me in settlement with my father. I think it is
a great outrage that, after paying Mr. McHenry to settle
all your debts, that you are called upon to pay them over
a second time. It has made me downright sick, and my
mental suffering on your account is more than I can
bear * *
EXTRACT OP A LETTER FROM THOMAS C. DXJRANT,
VICE-PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAGER OP THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD, WHO MADE THE AGREE-
MENT WITH mHENBY, WHEN THE MONEY WAS DE-
DUCTED PROM MBS. TRAINS ACCOUNT.
April 7,1867.
Dear Train : I learn nothing in regard to your arrest,
except that it was for the claim of the Ebbw Vale Co.,
which Mr. McHenry agreed to pay * *
Should you require more pocket money this letter is
authority for you to draw with 0. Crane for one hundred
pounds, which Mr. Eastman, the American Consul, will
cash for you. Yours truly, J. c. Durant,
Georgs Francis Train, Dublin,
EXTRACT OF ANOTHER LETTER PROM MY WIFE.
Newport, It. I., June 30.
* * Doctor Durant goes West this week to he ab-
sent until the middle of August. They are making won-
derful progress with the Pacific road, although not as
rapid as the Vice-president desires. I saw by the Cable
Telegram of Wednesday that you had been rearrested in
London, but I presume now that Mr. McHenry is there,
you will be able to compel his testimony, aad I do not
think he dares to perjure himself, and. that you will be at
once released.
MoralNever Burn, a Receipt.Facts are terrible
argumentsthis is only introductory. Next week look
out for some original documents. As you stopped an
exposure last year) (and held the power of moving up
and down the debentures, ten per cent, at my request)^
it is due to you that I place you right on the question
of financial honor. George Francis Train.
We have ventured to condense the foregoing
statements and documents from a very long and
lucid letter on the subject of the imprisonment,
though it may subject us to the cry again of
too much Train from parties who say they do
not take The Revolution but some how (we
are glad to say), seem to be quite familiar with
its contents.
HINTS TO HUSBANDS.
Somebody sends us the Auburn Morning News
with request that the following be copied. We
comply cheerfully with the reasonable request,
venturing a slight change in one particular,
which, no doubt, the News will readily forgive,
inasmuch as it greatly mends the article with-
out damaging in any way its author :
1. Let every husband be persuaded that there are two
ways of governing a family ; the first is by expression of
that will that belongs to force ; tbe second, by the power
of mildness, to which even strength will yield. When a
husband accustoms himself to say I will, he loses his
empire.
2. Avoid unnecessarily contradicting your wife. When
we smell at a rose, it is to imbibe the sweetness of its
odor; we likewise look for anything that is amiable in
man. Whoever is often contradicted feels an iusensible
aversion for the person who contradicts.
3. Never take upon yourself to he a censor upon your
wifes morals, nor read lectures to her, except affection-
ately. Let your preaching be a good example, and
practice virtue yourself, to make her in love with it.
4. Command her attention by being always attentive
fo her ; never exact anything from her that you would
not be willing she should require from you ; appear al-
ways flattered by the little she does lor you, which will
excite her to kind offices.
5. All women are vain ; in some their vanity is insuf-
ferable. Never wound this vanity, not even in tbe most
trifling instance. A husband may havo more sense than
bis wife, but be should never seem to kuow it.
6. When a woman gives wrong counsel, never make
her feel that she has done so, hut lead her on by degrees
to what is rational, with mildness and gentleness ; when
she is convinced, leave her all the merit of having found
out what was just and reasonable.
7. When a wife is out of temper behave obligingly to
her ; if she is unkind, never retort or find fault with her,
with a view to humble her.
8. Choose well your male friends ; have but few, and
he cautious ol following their advice in all matters, par-
ticularly if inimical to the foregoing instructions.
9. Cherish neatness without luxury, and pleasure with-
out excess ; dress with taste, and particularly with
modesty. Such things may appear trifling, but they are
of more importance than imagined.
10. Never be curious unnecessarily to pry into your
wifes concerns, but obtain her confidence by that which,
at all times, you repose in her. Always preserve order
and economy ; avoid being out of temper, and be careful
never to scold. By this means she will find her own
house more pleasant than any other.
11. Seem always to obtain information from her, es-
pecially before company, though you may pass yourself
for a simpleton. Never forget that a husbaud owes his
importance to that of his wifs ; il he degrades her he
injures himseJf. Leave her entirely mistress of her ac-
tion, to go and come whenever she thinksfit. A husband
ought to make his company so amiable to his wife, that
she will not be inclined to seek any other ; then she will
not look for pleasure abroad, if he does not partake of it
with her.
Politics a Duty.The liberal Christian had
a good article last week on the duty of acting
in the government for its elevation and purifi-
cation. The course of argument led to the
question of womans right of suffrage, on which
the editor spoke thus wisely and well:
And for this reason more than any other have we ad-
vocated female suffrage. TVe have never cared to discuss
the abstract right of the question. We are not sure that
women would vote any more wisely than men. They
are as sfibject to prejudice, and as easily blinded by pas-
sion, and as often misled by sophistries and caught up
in a whirl of fanaticism as their brothers are. But poli-
tics is an education. It is the most powerful, practical
educator the world*1 has. And women terribly need the
new practical interests, the enthusiasm for publio meas
ures and movements, the great themes for thought, the
widened landscape, the national consciousness it alone
would giveneeds these more than any language can tell,
to brush away the whole cobweb'of pettinesses in which
she is now entangled and enslaved, and lift her to her
proper pedestal of humanity, the sister and equal of man,
and llko him a citizen of the world and a child of God.
She wants politics to educate those powers of mind and
seutimunts and affections which her present lot do not
develop. She wants politics to enlargoher sympathies,
strengthen her mind, giv i her more force and independ -
ence of character, and fit her to be the wife of a repub-
lican, tbe mother and teacher oi republicans, and make
her a nineteenth century woman. Give her this, interest
her in great questions of public policy, make her feel
that her thought plays directly into the mighty mechan-
ism of the national administration, and that her pulse-
beat is felt throughout the body politic, and she will
throw away the ten thousand frippories of fashion which
so enamour and beguile her unused {acuities now, aud
make an epoch in history by the splendor and benefi-
cence of the part she would play on the worlds great
stage. Ah, yes, and how would her presence and in-
fluence elevate and purify the entire political arena!
Progress in the West,Far out in the Pen-
insular State, in the town of Albion, is situated
a young aud thriving college, where both young
women aud men can find an institution welcom-
ing them with open doors ; where they can
study the same course pursued at our old and
conservative Eastern colleges, where they may
both graduate with the same honors and the same
degrees. The giounds of the college15 acres
are being beautified, new buildings are being
erected, and with the large endowments it ex-
pects soon to receive, it bids lair to be, at no
distant date, a perfect success. Let our rich
women will no more to Harvard, while institu-
tions like Albion live! The Rev, Geo. B. Joce-
lyn, D.D., is the President.
Blit the most pleasing of all to us, is that
two of its most important chairs are filled with
women, viz: Miss Rachel Carney, M. Pro-
lessor of Modem Languages, and MissSallie A.
Rulison, M.A.S., Professor of Mathematics.
We hope the female students are instructed
rightly in regard to their duties in life; are told
that they are not to be mans toy and slave, but
his companion, with equal rights and privi-
leges.
We intend to make an effort to introduce
The Revolution into this institution, as
well as others of its kind, that the young women
may learn their true goal in life, and step forth
from their college halls responsible and wishing
to be self-supporting individuals.
We are glad to say that in the manufacture of
cigarsthough we detest the weedwomen re-
ceive the same wages per week as men, viz : $12
to $22 in this city, and from $7 to $20 in Phila-
delphia.


91
§iwyltttiiOfttT
LAW ABIDING.
The New York Sunday News justifies the mob
violence of the citizens of St. Joseph, Missouri,
inflicted on Gens. Grant and Sherman during
their recent friendly call in that town. Many
other democratic .papers do the same. The
News says:
He (Gen. Sherman] however, counted without his host.
Tke men of St. Joseph are law abiding people; more
than that, they are Seymour men ; and they made
the General comprehend the fact .very distinctly. They
refused to let him, speajt, and compelled him to retire, dis-
comfited and unheard.
What bad Grant or Sherman done to incite
the rabble to howling, hooting and tooting,
as the News admits they did with great violence,
before Sherman made his offensive remark ?
The News even complains of nothing. The riot
began with the saints of St. Joseph who proved
themselves thereby a law freaking, instead of a
law abiding people. Grant had a right to
smoke and Sherman to speak, and those who
opposed are the guilty parties.
We have no partisan interest in this affair, and
only refer to it that we may again caution men
of both parties that mob is a game both sides
can play at, and as they have many inflammable
dements to deal with, the less they apologize
for, or excuse any form of lawless violence, the
better. Accustomed to being mobbed two or
three times a week on behalf of innocent free
speech in our early anti-slavery struggles, we
know a good deal on this subject that may be
worth heeding at the present time.
WHAT WOMEN SHOULD DO.
UNDEii'tbis head, the Cinoinati Christian lie-
view complains that many of our most gifted
women neglect to engrave on the minds of men
and the world their true character, distinguished
qualities and industrious habits, by non-appear-
ance in the columns of periodicals and literary
journals. They allow men to step in and make
undue claims, to decide all matters of interest
and appear before tke world in well and ably
written articles. Why, the Review asks, is all
this ? The trouble does not rise from incapacity ;
in judgment and understanding they have no
superiors ; in ability and character they can not
be excelled. They want pluck such pluck as
the writersof TheRevolution exhibit. Wo-
men are allowed to share their ideas with men
upon all subjects in The Revolution; then
why not arouse-in emblazoned letters, to action
and show their skill, their cultivated tastes and
intellectual power and the interest they have to
contend for in this life and the life to come.
We thank the Review for the compliment paid
The Revolution #and will strive ever to de-
serve it. It is most gratifying too, that so
many able religous journals are on our side of
all questions pertaining to women.
The Chinese Embassy at Auburn.Mr. Sec-
retary Seward seems to have made the two or
three days visit of Mr. BurgJingame and the
Chinese Embassy to his home in Auburn a
series of brilliant ovations. On the last evening,
the Auburn Advertiser says :
Among tke notables at tke reception were Miss Ckar-
lotte Cushman, tke actress, who arrived in town on
Thursday, and Mesdames Susan B. Anthony aDd Eliza-
beth Cady Stanton, the championesses of Women's
Bights of America; the latter ladies being the guests of
David Wright, having arrived in town yesterday, just in
season to see the representatives of a country where
women have perhaps fewer rights than are accorded to
their sex in any other nation.
LNCREASE OF THE NATIONAL DEBT.
Thst prospect for laborers and taxpayers is
certainly very gloomy. And worst of all is,
that they will believe the false statements
about the good time coming. It now
appears that the public debt has increased
over twelve millionsthat is, the debt was
on August 1, 1867, less cash in the Treasury,
$2,511,306,426, aDd on August 1, 1868,
$2,523,534,480. Not only has the princi-
pal been increased over twelve millions but
the interest has been largely increased on
the total debt. Twelve millions a year added
to the debt when the income was over
four hundred and seventy millions, and this
three years after peace has been established!
The N. Y. Hei'ald thinks there must be some-
thing rotten in the Treasury Department and
that the incapacity and mismanegement of Mr.
McCulloch ought to arouse the attention of the
President and alarm the country. At this rate,
the Herald asks, what will be the increase of the
debt at the end of the next fiscal year, when the
income will be considerably reduced ? Congress
is to blame, it adds, for its reckless and
extravagant appropriations, but Mr. McCulloch
is equally so for his mismanagement of the
finances. A thorough change is needed both
in the national representatives and the admin-
istration of the Treasury, and unless this change
is made the heavily taxed people will be driven
to a summary mode of relieving themselves of
their burdens.
POLITICAL PROFLLGACY.
The Hudson Pioneer, a brave little Massachu-
setts Republican sheet, thus eloquently and
truly discourses on the corruptions of the
times : ,
Political profligacy has already become quite noto-
rious, not only in the different States, but particularly
so at our National Capital, concerning which some one
has remarked that its atmosphere is so corrupt that the
man in the moon has put his fingers to his nose while
passing over the place. Its stench is so strong that only
the feeblest attempts are made for us concealment. It is
an Augean Stable which tho Hercules of the nation will
have difficulty in cleansing. Our politicians for the
most part are men of easy virtue, and for a consideration
are willing to dispense their favors like the demi-monde
plying their vooation. Office-seeking is a mauia that
characterizes a large class of our people, of whom not
one in a hundred is fit for tho position he seeks. And
office is not sought for the good that the incumbent will
bring to the country, but for the opportunities it pre
sents for a dextrous hand tp feather its own nest. Com-
binations are formed to place in positions of trust those
who are most pliable and easily manipulated. Votes are
bought and sold with an audacity that, but for its venality,
would challenge admiration. National and State legis-
lation has become almost as merchantable an article as
gold on the streets. The Lobby, which is usually
composed of broken down and unprincipled political
hacks is an adju ct of nearly every council chamber,
and actually directs and controls special legislation.
Money is potent; and the dollar, even though it be a
greenback, is king. Under its magical influence
political simony is the order of the day. In short, with,
but few honorable exceptions, the present race of politi-
cians is a corse to the country. If they were swept away
forever out of sight and out of mind, it would be no loss
but a groat gain.
California.Extract of letter from Miss An-
thony : I enclose Mr. C. W. Tappans money
order from San Francisco. How earnestly and
faithfully he works for The Revolution and
its grand objects Every California steamer is
sure of a list of subscribers from him, with his
Money Order. If every city in every state had j
one such worker, man or woman, how very soon I
would not only The Revolution have its
million subscribers, but every citizen be in full
possession of the right of franchise, irrespective
of race, color, or sex. In the absence of Miss
Anthony, we venture to publish so much of her
private correspondence.
I HE AFRICAN WOMAN.
Who has not read, if not wept over the story
of Mungo Park, and his treatment by a native
African woman, who found him weary, worn,
sick, and lost in his travels in her deserts! M.
Chaillu, thus pays a similar tribute :
I shall never forget the kindness of those women to
me while I was sick. Poor souls! they are sadly abused
by their task-masters. They are the merest slaves. They
have to do all the drudgery. They receive blows and ill
usage. And yet, at the sight of suffering their hearts
soften, just as womens hearts soften in our more civilized
lands. No sooner did sickness attack me than these kind
souls came to nurse and to take care of me. They sat by
me to fan me ; tbey brought more mats for my bed ; they
bathed my burning head with cold water ; they got me
refreshing fruits from tbe'woods. At night, when I
awoke from a feverish dream, I used to hear their voices,
as they sat around in the darkness, pitying me, and con-
triving ways to cure me. When I think of these things, I
cannot help thanking God for them ; that wherever I
have gone, be has made human hearts tender and kind
to me; that even under the black skin of the be-
nighted and savage African, He has implanted something
of his own compassionate love. >
WOMANLY PROPRLETIES.
A year or two ago Mrs. Stanton brought
down the laugh of all Noodledom, an immense
multitude, for suggesting -in an address on
womans right to labor, that she might drive a
coach or street car as well as a man. Now read
what a New York correspondent of the Boston
Post writes of womans capacity in that direc-
tion :
Long Branch, Newport and Saratoga have drawn off
most of our belles and fashionables, but a good many are
still in town, and you may see them any pleasant after-
noon driving through the Park. It is no longer improper
for ladies to handle the,ribbons. It was'eonsidered quiet
improper a few years ago, but we have outgrown that
idea, and some of the finest equipages now to be seen
in the Park are guided by the wives and daughters oi
our millionaires. They handle the reins with as much
skill a? any old turfman, and' dush over the drives with
as much nonchalencp as though they were born to the
whip. After four p.m. any afternoon, except Sunday,
they throng the Park as- thick as braves in Yallam-
brosa, and seem to be as much delighted with their
distinction (for everybody looks at them) as though'fast
driviug were the highest honor chat woman could aspire
to. Women whose husbands are eminent in every busi-
ness and profession take their daily drive behind a pair
of fancy trotters, with the ribbons in their hands, while
the husbands, perhaps, are swelteriug in their office g
down town, or lying off for a little rest at the club. It
costs nearly as much now to supply a'fashionable woman
with horses and vehicles for her own particular use as to
keep and clothe a family. These ladies who show off in
the Park are ladies of fine taste in horseflesh (not for
mastication though), and if their husbands show any re-
luctance to giving them something superior, they are
pretty sure to make things unpleasant. No one would
ever think of questioning their respectability of course,
but somehow when they get mixed up with the demi-
monde in the Park, it is not always easy to tell t other
from which. In <]ress and manner and looks (they all
have rather a fast air) there is not much difference be-
tween the good and the other sort, and unless you are
well posted you may get them confused. Mrs. Tenforty,
for instance, may drive past'Miss Dashaway, with whom
her husband is well acquainted, and tbey are so much
alike in their get up that you would never suspect one to
be better than the other.
Wendell Phillips is said to be revising and collect-
ing his speeches for publication, in a volume to be
issued by Ticknor & Fields.


92
SUFFRAGE IN HIE DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA.
We publish to-<1ay the argument of Mr. Will-
cox before a committee of the House of Repre-
sentatives in Washington in behalf of the Uni-
versal Franchise Association. It will be seen
to be more a scientific than a metaphysical,
or legal presentation, appealing too to the ex-
perience of the past, basing itself on a broad
grasp of facts, showing that liberty always has
worked better than oppression; and that
whether women should vote or not, her politi-
cal, social and spiritual security depend largely
on her being free to act on her own judgement.
We commend its perusal to all who would act
intelligently in prosecuting the work of womans
enfranchisement.
What a British Woman Did.During the
eighteenth century the chase was more in favor
in England than at the present day, and was,
in fact, the national amusement, so that it was
very natural for the women of those times,
growing up among such scenes, to take a fancy
to them, and wish also, with the ardor of men,
to indulge in the sport. Of these women we
will speak of but one, perhaps the most promi-
nent. This woman regularly took out a shoot-
ing license ; she was noted throughout the
country round about for the accuracy of her
shotso true, that no man or woman in the
whole country claimed superiority over her ; she
owned a splendid pack of greyhounds, which
were looked upon with jealous eyes by the no-
bility ; and, in short, she was as great a lover of
the chase as any good old Englishman in
all merry England. This woman was Mary
Bresse.
HerC was a woman, who, loving to lnint, in-
dulged in it; disregarding all the petty customs
of the age that tried to hold her back. If the
women of the nineteenth century would only act
thus, we would not see so much humility and
misery among them, for tbey would force man
to allow them to choose their own profession,
would become lawyers, merchants, etc., and be
prepared to support themselves, and not perish
with the day of adversity as so many do now.
Intemperance among Women.Woman can-
. not be wholly idle more than man. Excitement,
healthy or otherwise, will be had. If is but a
higher degree of conscious existence and will be
had at some cost or other, it may be at very great.
That intemperance is rapily increasing among
women in the higher circles, as they are called,
everywhere, is coming to be generally known, if
not discussed and deplored. A gentleman
writing to the London Star, says that The
careful perusal of public journals, a large cor-
respondence with intelligent observers, the tes-
timony of city missionaries, and personal ex-
perience in London have led me slowly and re-
luctantly to this depressing opinion. Working-
men themselves say there is more drunkenness
than ever amongst women. This, I may re-
mark, is one reason why some workingmen will
not marry, but prefer another mode of life.
In tbis country the vice is not confined to the
working women.
Notice.For anyone sending us three new
subscribers, with the money, we will forward,
post-paid, a fine steel engraving of either gliga*
W& Cftdy Stanton or Anna
§*v0luU0. 9
ELOQUENT EX1RACT.
Rev. Fred. D. Huntington is author of the
following noble and just tribute to woman :
Let man learn to be grateful to woman for tbis un-
doubted achievement of her sex, tbat she, far more than
he, and too often in d espite of him, has kept Christendom
from lapsing back into barbarism ; kept mercy and
truth from being utterly overborne by those two greedy
monsters, money and war. Let him he grateful for
this, that almost every great soul tbat has led forward or
lifted up the race has been furnished for each noble
deed, and inspired with each patriotic and holy inspira-
tion, by the retiring fortitude of some Spartan, or more
than Spartansome Christian mother. Moses, the de-
liverer of his people, drawn out of the Nile by the Kings
daughter, some one has hinted, is on y a symbol of the
way that womans better instincts always outwit the
tyranical diplomacy of man. Let him carefully remem-
ber, that though the sinewy sex achieves enterprise on
public theatres, it is the nerve and sensibility of the
other that arm the mind and inflame the soul in secret.
A man discovered America, but a woman equipped
the v yage. Co everywhere j man executes the per-
formance, but woman trains the man. Every effectual
person, leaving his mark on the world, is but another
Columbus, for whose inrnishing some Isabella, form of his mother, lays down her vanities and her
comfort.
Tribute to Geo. Eliot [Mrs. Lewes],
We particularly like the Chicago Advance for
one thing: it not only considers with much
liberality the general question of woman, her
needs, rights, and responsibilities in its col-
umns, but always seems ready to give any
encouraging or complimentary testimony in her
favor as it appears in the literature of the day,
as for instance this :
A lady writing in tbe Evangelist, thus describes
George Eliot, or Mrs. Lewes: No one who lias ever
seen her could mistake the large head (her brain must
be heavier than most mens) covered with a mass of rich
auburn hair. At first I thought her tall, for one could
not think tbat such a bead could rest on an ordinary
womans shoulders. But as shejrose up, her figure ap-
peared of hut medium height. Her manners are very
sweet, because very simple and free from affectation.
It- is a special charm of the most finely cultured English
ladies, but never did a sweeter voice captivate a listen-
erso soft and low that one must almost bend to
hear.
The Yates County Chronicle.This capital
journal has purchased a whole new suit of
clothes, mounted a new Roper Caloric engine,
and presents every appearance of good health
and general outward prosperity. Everybody
who knows the proprietor and editor will be-
lieve him when he says: We have tried.to be
true not only to the republican faith, but to tem-
perance, good order and sound morality as well.
And we take this occasion to say that we hope
so long as we publish the Chronicle to make it an
organ of wholesome progress and sound senti-
ments, and always faithful to the highest inter-
ests of the people.
Wine at Sacrament.At the National Tem-
perance Convention held last week in Cleve-
land, Ohio, James Black, of Pennsylvania, re-
ported to this effect:
In 1840 a brother was redeemed from a drinking life
and became a widely useful man. Time and again has
he been sent lor to minister consolation at dying beds.
He tasted wine at the Lords supper, the old appetite re-
mastered him, and he is to-day wandering the streets a
drunken sot. A gentleman once told me that for years
he had to hold his nose at the Sacrament till the fumes
had passed. One Christian brother tells me that a dozen
men have fallen from his church into intemperance,
We are glad to see that women were permitted
to take part m the discussions and proceedings
goaeraWy of the
V
PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES.
A good deal is said and written of the habits
of Gen. Grant as unsuitable for the office to
which he aspires, but here is what a correspond-
ent of the Cincinnati Chronicle says of Gen.
Blair :
The personal habits of Frank P. Blair, democratic can-
didate tor the Vice-Presidency, and possible, though not
probable, incumbent of that high office, are of some con-
sequence to the American people. By the side of the
Missouri apostate, in this respect, Andrew Johnson is a
decent, and Senator Saulsbury a sober man. Frank P.
Blair is a drunkard, but one remove from the gutter. His
character in this respect is well known. It is as flagrant
as that of the most iudeoent bawd ever fined before a
magistrate. I have, years ago, seen him addressing pub-
lic meetings while scarcely able to stand or talk straight.
He disgusted everybody East when he came into sober
New England, in 1860, to speak airi lecture. He has been
carried dead drunk from political meetings.. When
in Congress, his vices were most notorious. So in the
army, his headquarters were the most debauched and
depraved.
As Usual.When wealthy women die, they
seem never to have reme'mbered that insttu-
tions of every conceivable kind axe needed for
woman, and so they leave their. fortunes to
chapels, churches, theological schools and col-
leges (of course all for young men), anything,
everything but institutions for the especial
benefit of their own sex. So the will of Mary
Ann Hastings of Framingham, late of Boston,
disposes of an estate (a small one to be sure,
to what many are) amounting to $50,000, and
makes the following public bequests: To the
Temporary House for the Destitute, 24 Knee-
land street, Boston, $500; to the Warren Street
Chapel Association, Boston, for the benefit of
children, $500; to the Unitarian Society in
Warwick, Mass., two shares of the State Na-
tional Bank, Boston ; to the Meadville Theolo-
gical School, $1,000; Washingtonian Home of
Boston, $1,000; New England Branch of the
Freedmans Union Commission, $1,000.
When or Where ? The Revolution, wo-
mens paper, closes a review of the situation as
follows : We appeal to every patriot to forget
all past differences and unite with us in the
great approaching struggle to elect Horatio Sey-
mour and Frank Blair. It is the Detroit Free
Press that says this. A rather Freer press than
The Revolution believes in. Give us
the date and number, please, in which tbat de
claration is made, before any democrat shall
unwittingly call to subscribe for TheRevolu-
tion.
Purpose of The Revolution.The Balti-
more Sun said lastw ekNThe Revolution
is spicier than ever, but it added:
The Revolution evidently purposes to remedy
the natural desire of women to have husbands and
families and homes of their own.
The Sun shouldn't shine that way. It isnt
decent moonshine. We do purpose and hope,
by making woman independent, to remedy the
necessity which men and custom have made of
compelling her into marriage for the sake of a
home, of which after all marriage is no guarantee
and much less of happiness.
Statistics of Tobacco and Beer.The
Herald estimates that New York drinks daily
six hundred thousand glasses of )>eer and
smokes faore than a million of cigars. It eayf?
rhes^figuies m helpw the tn#


LETTER FROM A SEWING WOMAN
Editors of the Revolution :
I bend you an extract of a letter from a sewing woman
to one of our distinguisbed philanthropists. It should
be published as an earnest appeal to those women who
say 'we have all the rights we want, to open
their eyes to the fact that they are exceptions to the
general rulethat while wealth and posiliou give them
all the power of freedom they wish, there are thousands
lying helpless and crushed beneath that great injustice
which wrests from woman the right to her earnings and
her vote. m.
Sm : before I give you any further detail of myself, I
feel that I nmet make someapology to you for the liberty
I am taking. I feel that my own nature is asking one.
My face ie covered with blushes at eight of this pen
which ie revealing to you my hidden lifehitherto so
hidden that it seems to me sacred from its secretness.
May I offer you, sir, as an apology, your goodness ? I
feel that X can accept it for myself. My retiring nature
steps out again and rests on this. Alt through my life
in America, I have tried to support myself with sewing
I am an oppressed sewing woman l I have worked, with
pillows supporting my back, from early morn until late
evemade a geutlemans shirtearned a shilling 1 Par-
don me, sir, ior bringing you into this spheretoo
common, l fear, to talk to a gentleman of these thiugs.
Sir, I have talked to God of themmay I talk to you
whom I have so often called a god-like man, of them ?
You whose spirit God has clothed with flesh and blood,
and placed in the world a brother ? Oh, brother! have
I not a right from our Heavenly Father, who has placed
me in the world, a sister, to call 'you thus, and talk to
you thus if I will?
Twelve years age, I lived iu the village of-----, and
made laboriously 9titched satin vests for one Mr P., at
three shillings a vest, for the making of which he re-
ceived ten shillings. When I took home the first vest
and asked what he paid for the making of such, the
words, three shillings, which fell from his lips,
seemed to turn mine to marble. 1 answered not a word
but gazed steadily into his eyes, until mine filled with
tears, which he read the meaning of, and answered,
'TiS very little, but I turned and left him, mor-
tified that I had thu9 exposed myself to a stranger.
What could I do? I bad no alternativethis was better
than shirts at a shilling each. So I worked on, earning
sometimes one dollar a week, sometimes ten shillings
aud grew every day more feeble, more tiredso
tired that out of the point of my needle, as I placed the
stitches in the vest, seemed to ring the reverberations
of my aching sides, shoulder and neck, which tell upon
me with a sort of fascination as I sat with burning tem-
ples listening to its wail which I was making every
minute, and which I knew I mast make every minute
through the day, excepting the three times ten which I
allowed myself tor eating. One day, almost uncon-
sciously, I lifted a vest at full arms length to Heaven,
and cried with a force that alarmed me : Oh God, wit-
ness Thou this wrong. I heard the word wrong, so
long after it was uttered, that I answered to it, saying:
Who and what wrongs me? the great, rich, beautiful
world that God has made ? that can never.be. Can it be
Mr. P, that is wronging me ? he is a member of the
church and calls himself my brother in the Lord. Then
I weptbut with the next breath I tried to push back the
tears, remembering that I was using miputes that were
all laid out to be filled with stitches, and how should 1
gain the three that had already gone? After this, I
learned to save my tender thoughts for the night, when
I should have time for weeping. At length a purpose
seized my soulmy nights should not be spent in weep-
ing I I would steal hours from the night to pre-
pare myself for teaching a district school! So, all
unknown to my friends, I picked u^ books and
commenced studying. Up to this time I was en-
entirely unacquainted with the commonest branches of
education. My mother was suffering with a cancermy
friends were poorI could have no help. So I battled
alone. My precious mother did not know of my pur-
pose, neither did I let her know that the sewing hurt me
although she spoke repeatedly of my pale face and
wearied looks.
At the end of nine months study I thought myself
ready for the school, and the next week I designed sur-
prising my friends with my learningwhich would have
been a surprise, for those books, hid away in my room
no mortal had ever seen in my hand. I often thought
God saw me. Oh, how many times I asked Him for light
on those puzzling sums in that old arithmetic! But,
that next week t alas for it 1 In the place of surprising
my Mends with my secret, I was being held in my bed
a maniac I During three weeks I had no rest night nor
daythen slept both night and day for three weeks. Then
awoke and slowly realized my sickness, iis cause, etc.
The Doctor would allow me no books. I went to my
room, took my books from under their cover, and could
not open them. Feeling that all was lost, I threw mysel
on the floor and cried God l the battle fought, the vic-
tory lost / I will not mock my suffering soul by trying
to describe its feelings while lying on that carpetI
knew the sewing world was before me, aud when I arose
it was in the calm of a fixed despair. I folded my books
and laid them away a,e sacred relics, never to be read
again. I found some little improvement in my sewing.
I was not allowed to work so constantly, and I felt that
suffering made me strongfelt the power of despair
mocking the power of the nsedle to devour me, mind as
well as body. The depths of my melancholy nature and
my religious natare led me into many errors. I had
frightful visions of lost spirits, and finally thought I
should bee no. I think no pen or tongue can desoribe
the anguish of my woe.
My sister finally consented to my going to the Insane
Asylum, where my mental condition was greatly im-
proved. ___________________
A CHEER FROM WISCONSIN.
Janesville, Wis., July 19, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
Permit me to congratulate you on the success of The
Revolution. No other paper so fully answers the de-
mands of the present. No other treats all the leading
questions of the day so fairly, cordially and comprehen-
sively. Not all the sneers nor ridicule of selfish men
and foolish women can do aught to lesson its Increasing
popularity. No 1 triumphant voices ring forth the pro-
mise-word of victory.
The great social sea is being 9tirred to its depths.
Long-established wrongs are yielding to the mighty
power of Right. Men are rising in the majesty of noble
manhood to recognize the law of equity, and to demand
its practical fulfilment. Women are sounding the depths
of their own beings, and gathering strength to proclaim
to the world truths which none dare deny. The incom-
ing tide is strong, and the force of new convictions irre-
sistible. Who can check the rushing wave ? Who bid
agitations cease, and all radioal thought be silent? Not
all the conservative hosts of the old world and the new.
It is an age of agitations, of revolutions, and of radical
triumphs. Failure and defeat to-day, but prophecy of
victory to-morrow. There is nothing to discourage
nothing to daunt the earnest and the brave. Womans
voice, strong, tender^ and significant as the voice of des-
tiny, prophecies a new era, whose dawn is near. Her
inspiration thrills the very soul of life with a power po-
tential for the uplifting of the race. Truly, the eveuts
of to-day are sublime and solemn with the magnitude of
their Importance. Tl is a time for vigorous purpose,
and decided action, for integrity to principle, loyalty to
truth, and bravest magnanimity. And to your noble
paperto its fairness and fearlessness of speech in advo-
cating equal rights for all, the women of this land will
owe a debt of gratitude, to be paid in coin more precious
than gold and silver. God speed you in your noble
work. The Revolution has sown broadcast good
seed, and the harvest will be abundant.
Thine for truth, Elvira Wheelock.
THE PROSPECT OF A NEW PARTY.
The discontent growing out of the demoralized and
corrupt condition oi the two political parties, is a reason
to form a new party, 6edom met in the history of any
couulty. The people clearly believe that the govern-
ment is being riin in tbe interest of the bondholding,
laud. monopolizing, railroad aristocracy. Never was a
country sailing in the current of unjust legislation
in favor of the privileged classes faster than this,
while official, corrupt politicians are flaunting their de-
ception in the name of patriotism, and buying up
Southern bonds, expecting to see the day they will be
paid. A party that hangs women, skulks Jeff. Davis and
shirks Johnsons impeachment, is entirely unworthy
the confidence of a free people, especially when they
have to resort to the nomination for President of a life
long democrat, one who voted for Breokenridge for
President, and by no word or deed of his has proved
himself anything more than a war democrat. Thou-
sands of republicans all over the country think they
have been befooled enough by corrupt nominations,
such as Fillmore, Tyler, and Johnson, without trying
Grant, a man tha t might face bayonet and cannons
mouth, and yet be entirely unfit to face for a moment a
just but unpopular opinion. The cold chills thrown over
the Western democracy by the Tammany nomination,
will catAi more votes than party hacks suppose, for it
is as well-known here, that Seymour is a silk stocking
aristocrat and a life long political gambler, as it is in New
York. The nomination from the producing classes of a
truly honest and practical man upon a strait-iorward
platform, would command a respectable number of votes
from Maine to Texas this year, and sweep the land in 1872.
Gardner, Johnson County, Kansas. * a. t.
SAINT AND SAVAGE.
The savages, because physically stronger than their
women, compel them to do their hardest and meanest
drudgery, making them even beasts of burden. By
civilized men this is termed brute force. I would like
to have the generality of civilized men examine them-
selves and see if they are not affected with a modified
form of the same disease! Whether, by circumscribing
womans avocations, and then denying her equal wages
for equal work, they are not as culpable as tbe Indian I
How far would many of you have to trace your ances-
tral record to find that your mothers assisted in the
most laborious occupations, and yet were denied a pro-
portionate share of the results of such labor ? In those
days the woman who did not milk five cows, peddle
vegetables and do the washing for a family of ten, when
her youngest was three weeks old, was not considered
respectable, and if she came short of this was treated
with contempt. Things have advanced a little ; but
why stop here ? Dare you not see any farther than your
grandsires did ? Examine yourselves and find whether
your prejudices against female equality are not based
on the lowest principles of your nature, just as is the
case with the savages, and in many respects, might even
shame savages themselves 1 o. m. c.
WOMAN EMANCIPATION.
From Die Zukunft.
- A first step towards tbe emancipation of the female
sex is the request of the Diakouses Hirzel, in- Zurich, to
the common council, that al the school and church meet-
ings the women (married and unmarried) shall also
have the right to vote. With this, however, some ladies
in favor of voting were not entirely satisfied, .and in a
petition asked not only for the right of suffrage at all
elections, but besides for the right to hold office. Of
course these petitioners have only signed themselves
Several Women of the People," but will, if required
by the common council, subscribe themselves by the
thousands.
OUR WORK AT THE WEST.
Union Lakes, Minn., July 18,1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
Tour favors of June-12th and 22d came to hand la9t
week. The Revolution has also been received*
Its weekly visits to our Forest Home we bail with
delight, regarding it, as we do, a messenger of great good
to the people. Our lives have ever been devoted to the
principles you advocate, and you may be assured of our
hearty co-operation in your labors. You would have re-
ceived an immediate response l ad not my husband been
very ill, requiring my entire time and attention. He is
now convalescent.
I rode ten miles one day to meet some reformers, with
the motive of getting them to subscribe for The Revo
lution, but was disappointed. They are glad enough
to hear me lecture since it costs them nothing, and 1 find
no trouble in convincing them of the value and mission
of yoar paper, but they ask where are the two dollars ?
The fact is, the people In most parts of Minnesota are
just getting, themselves homes, and have hardly a dollar
to spare for anything beyond what is required to meet
material necessities.
I accept your offer to act as your agent in this state,
and shall make every possible effort to increase the cir-
circulation of The Revolution. I intend visiting
Minneapolis soon, where 1 shall make it a business to
canvass the city for subscribers. I have heard religion-
ists say they were willing to he doorkeepsrs in (he house
of the Lord, and I feel I shall he performing a higher ser
vice by opening tbe minds of tbe people (which constitute
Gods Temple) to truth and justice, by the introduction
of The Revolution.
* * * *
The Universaliete there refused their vestry for a lec-
ture on Womans Rights, fearing it would detract from.


94
$lu fjUwItttlflti.'
tbeir popularity. The Methodists were less fearful, and
consented. The first anti-slavery lecture given in western
New York, where Ireside. was given t*y a Methodist minis*
ter, all denominations refused admittance except the Uni-
versalisis. I was the only female in the audience, then
about sixteen years old, but I was not ashamed of the
cause, nor am I of any other founded in justice or liberty*
Yours for the emancipation of woman, and establish-
ment of justice for aU, Lucy A. F. Swain.
LIT MR ART.
f Temperance PublicationsScriptural Claims of Total
Abstinence. By Lev. Newman Hall. This little work of
sixty-four pages, is just issued in paper covers by the
National Temperance Society. It is a convincing and
conclusive argument upon the Scriptural Claims of Total
Abstinence, written in Mr. Halls attractive and popular
style. Price 16 cents, sent by mail. Also, Andrew
Douglas. By the author of Madeline, Harry and
his Dog, etc. Published by the National Temperance
Society and Publication House. Another valuable con-
tribution to the Temperance literature of the day. The
scenes and incidents narrated are comprised in two
eventful years in the history of Andrew Douglas, a well-
to-do New England mechanic, who emigrated with his
family to the far West. There he fell a victim to the cup,
bringing to a hitherto happy household, misery and want.
The story ol his fall, as well as his reformation, is deeply
interesting and instructive. We hope it will have a wide
circulation. Price 76 cents. Address for both, J. N.
Stearns, Publishing Agent, 172 William Street, N. Y.
Ballou on the Law of Stimulation, or Drunken
ness and its Cure. A new system, the practical results
of which are compared with those of the New York State
Inebriate Asylum, Binghampton, as per exhibit Superin-
tendent's last Annual Report. Mr. Ballou claims to have
discovered a remedy for the disease of intemperance.
He says, the method of cure is not only based upon a
wide and careful induction of the phenomena of drunk-
enness, observed during many years, and founded upon
strictly philosophical principles, but has been practically
tested by a tentative series of experiments invariably
satisfactory. Many years ago a remedy for the inordi-
nate appetite for in toxicatiug drinks was supposed to have
been discovered by a Doctor Chambers. It was for some
time known and advertised as Chamberss Medicine.
It has left no history, probably achieved no signal results.
We certainly wish all success desirable, to Mr. Ballou
in his enterprise. He can be addressed or consulted at
907 Broadway, New York.
The Sabbath of Life. By Richard D. Addington.
New York : American News Company. A remarkable
book, and not likely f 0 win much favor. It is an intrepid
attack on all the ChrlsiiaQ sects, Protestant, Catholic,
and neither, but in the meekest spirit and from the stand-
point of the Christian Scriptures, as independently but
not dogmatically considered and interpreted ; the author
evidently a faithlul student of Thomas A. Eempis,
Archbishop Fenelon, and Madame Guion. We have had
no time to examine the work carefully, and cannot pro-
nounce upon it. Its general tone and spirit are admir-
able. Some narrowness, or it may be shrewdness, we de-
tect. When asked whether colored people had souls, for
some reason not apparent, the author evaded. Not that
he doubted about the blacks probaby, but the questioner
rather, for there is no respect of persons in the book,
so far as we have discovered. We may recur to it
again at a more favorable opportunity.
The Law of Human Increase ; or, Population based
on Physiology and Psychology. By Nathan Alien, M.D.,
of Lowell, Mass. New York : Moorhead* Simpson &
Bond, 60 Duane street. The enterprising firm at 60
Duane street has given the world much valuable matter
on the subject and its cognates as treated in this work
by Dr. Alien. We have not time now to speak of it as it
deserves, hut we recommend its purchase and perusal to
everybody who would understand one of the most im-
portant subjects pertaining to human well being. It is
here treated in a scientific and yet most intelligible
manner, and will surprise as well as interest all who at-
tentively study it.
The New Yankee Doodle : Being an account of the
little difficulty in the family of Uncle Sam. By Truman
Trumbull, A.M. New York: Wm. Oland Bourne, 12
Centre street, office of the Soldiers Friend.
Mr. Bourne has done his par( capitally, and given us
a handsome volume of 340 pages. The boob lacks less
of truth than poetry. It is a series of historic ballads
of the recent war, reminding us in their style of tbe old
songs of the war of 1812, as we used to hear them sung
at country huskings in New England, fitly years ago.
The work is very appropriately dedicated to the defend-
ers of the flag on ship and shore, and among them will
doubtless find many purchasers and admirers.
The Herald of Heai.th for August contains-the third
of a series of articles on Rearing Children. It is by
Mrs. E. Oakes Smith, a writer and thinker who has few
superiors. The first of this series, by Mrs. Horace
Mann, published in June, and the second in the July
number, by Grace Greenwood, have attracted much at-
tention. Tbe August number is full to the brim of other
good things by excellent authors. $2 per annum; 20
cents per number.' Miller, Wood & Co., Publishers, 16
Laight street, New York.
The Home Guardian. Boston. New England Female
Moral Reform Society. Office 21 Newton Place. We
spoke some time ago favorably of this excellent institu-
tion and its organ, the Guardian. We also gratefully ap*
preciate its notice and advertisement of The Revolu-
tion.
Packards Monthly. An American Magazine devoted
to the interests and adapted to the tastes of the young
men of the country. It is just that, and what more
need be said of it ? except that it is published by S. S.
Packard, 937 Broadway, at oue dollar a yearsingle
copies 15 cents.
The Spiritual Rostrum : A Monthly Magazine, de-
voted to the Harmonia) Philosophy. Chicago, HI.: Hull &
Jamieson, publishers. No. 90 Washington street. Terms
$2 per annum. Single copies 20 cents.
American Homoeopathic ObserverMonthly. By Dr.
E. A. Lodge, 51 Wayne street, Detroit, Mich. Prof. E. M.
Hale, editor. Two dollars a year, in advance.
The New York Teacher and Amerioan Educational
Monthly, devoted to popular instruction and literature.
Schemerhorn and Co., 14 Bond street, New York.
Third Annual Announcement or the New York
College of DentistrySession of 1868 and 1869, very
handsomely printed by Robert J. Johnston, 33Beekman
street, New York.
Motes.Tbe Boston Zion's Herald has a
column beaded Motes. One of them is
this:
A powerful speech was made on license at a town meet-
ing in South Adams:
A rich farmer said that he fourifl two of his sous iu-
toxicated at one of the drinking dens on his way home
from the village, and had he found them dead in his
house he could not have suffered more. Having had no
sleep the past night, he lesolved to do what he could to
mitigate the curse in that town by his vote.
If this is a mote, how big must be the beams ?
Outrage upon Outrage.We are tired of
reading outrage upon outrage, perpetrated on
the helpless and inoffending, women as well as
men. The Missouri Sentinel of the 25th ult.
says :
On Friday night of last week three fellows in disguise
went to the Methodist (African) church in this place and
behaved in a most lawless manner. We are informed
that they entered the house and commenced an indis-
criminate attack upon the negroes. They held their
pistols in their hands and struck several negroes on the
head, inflicting severe wounds in one or two oases.
What a Roman Lady Did.Arria was
a Roman lady, the wife of Csecina Pastus,
whose fortitude and conjugal affection have
immortalized her name. Several acts of noble
firmness were crowned by that which ter-
minated her existence. Her husband, having
rebelled against Claudius, was ordered to de-
stroy himself. Seeing him hesitate, Arria
plunged the poignard into her own breast, and
then presented it to him, saying, at the same
time, Pastus, it is not painful l
Value of Free Baths.During the month of
July the number of bathers in the Free Public
baths, in Boston (with the exception of the wo-
men's bath at the foot of Broadway), was as fol-
lows : men, 80,505 ; boys, 210,100 ; women 7,002;
girls, 29,365. Total 326,972 persons. One hard-
ly knows which is most complimented, Boston for
so magnificient an institution, or the people for
so extensive use of it. When will New York
and New Yorkers do likewise ?
China in Civilization.Mr. Burlingame's
mission to America is to have sublime jresults.
The details of our Chinese treaty, as so far
known, are of the most liberal description, and
show the Celestial Empire desirous to take an
honorable place among the nations. All the
ports and rivers of that mysteriously vast realm
are to be thrown wide open. Real and imagi-
nary Chinese walls are razeed to the ground,
and one-third of the earths population hereto-
fore, as of another planet, are born into fel-
lowship with the rest of the nations almost in a
day!
Progress in France.In a late number of
the N. Y. Evening Post the following appears
from the Paris correspondent of that paper.
Meetings have just been appointed at Waux Hall in
Baris (what a plagiarism I) this evening, to organize aco-
operative society for free instruction; to-morrow, for
discussion on the labor of women. At this latter the
much betalked-of sex Is invited to be especially present,
and to indulge in its inestimable privilege of talking.
At Versailles, moreover, that city of the past, reduced to
the role of feebly echoing Baris, the municipal council
has just voted an allowance to provide scholarships for
the secondary education of young girls.
What Will Happen.Miles OReilly is right
when he says in the Citizen that the black voters
of the south, whenever well and wisely treated
by their former masters, will be pretty certain
to vote a white ticket against the carpet bag-
gers of New England, and all the rapacious
radicals of the extreme northwest extreme
in more senses than one. All over the south
they are so voting already.
Whipping a Catholic Priest.It now ap-
pears that Father McMahon was not outraged by
whipping in the prison at Kingston, Canada, as
has been so often reported. A Canada corre-
spondent of the Boston PUol writes thus :
I see that the Pilot has already copied the contradic-
tion of the alleged whipping of the Rev. John McMahon
in our Penitentiary at Kingston. The fact is, that a
young man named Smith (and not the Priest) was whip,
ped, for having a so-called Fenian newspaper in his pos-
session, and refusing to state from what source he ob-
tained it, I believe that Father McMahon, though very
unfairly confined in the penitentiary, is not harshly dealt
with, and is not subjected to the menial or severe labor
imposed upon gfdinary convicts.
Why Shouldnt She ?They say there is a
lady who owns and runs a laige wholesale har-.
ness and saddlery establishment on Pearl street,
New York. She transacts her own business,
and is dailyatthe store. Sbehas travelled ex-
tensively in this country and Europe, aud is
said to be the smartest woman in New York.
China and Japan.Stephen Masset (Jeems
Pipes) is now on his way from China and Japan
(via San Francisco), and will shortly lecture in
this city on the Ancient Flowery Kingdoms.


c
ft ft* iUvoJutifltt.
95
The Globe and Commonwealth says, and doubt-
less, truly, that very few of the Lives of Gen.
Grant are selling as well as was anticipated.
Their number interferes with their success.
There may be other reasons. Longfellow said :
"Lives of great men all remind us,
We should make our lives sublime.
A Just Judge.Robert Dunlap, late oi Auburn, Me.,
died and left behind him $1,600 in United States bonds.
He willed $400 to his wife, one half of the remainder to
the Baptist Church in Buckfield, Me., and the balance to
the Baptist Missionary Society. His wife waived the provi-
sions of the will and asked an allowance. The Judge,
after hearing the case, gave her the whole $1,600. Per-
haps the wife had earned in their married life at least a
good half of the $1,600.
We call attention to the following extract from the
Report of the Superintendent of the Insurance De-
partment of the State oi New York, 1867. In speaking
of the North America Life Insurance Co., whose adver-
tisement may be found in another column, he says:
The new system of registering Life Policies initiated
by the North America Life insurance Company on the
11th day of July, 1866, has met with great success in the
first year of its introduction to the public. The amount
of business already done by the North America has, how-
ever, exceeded that transacted by the British govern-
ment during its first years experience. The registry
system combines the advantages of individual and cor-
porate enterprise with governmental custody, super-
vision and guardianship -of funds. In many localities
not familiar with the status and standing of companies
or of their officers, parties can sometimes effectuate
their purposes more satisfactorily by the registration ol
their policies, thereby compelling a company to deposit,
in addition to its general deposit of $100,000 made by all
companies, a further special amount equal at all times to
the net present value or re-insurance fund of such poli-
cies.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Colton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At
Idniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emand
paled from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the Souih and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Fathei' Land.
THE REVOLUTION,
VOL. n_____NO. 6.
Talk among the Brokers in Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers is the dullness of the stock
market and the
SLUMP IN ERIE
and New York Central, that
UNCLE DANIEL
dont fancy that "this ere Nine is quite as valuable as
it might be since it has fallen into the hands of the
JAY GOULD PARTY,
and that
JIM FISK AS TREASURER,
would be the last nail in the coffin of the poor Erie rail-
road company. The talk is that the
CIRCUS CLOWN GOT UNCLE DANIEL
, to ride with him in a carriage up Broad street, that the
boys might be humbugged into the notion that every-
thing was serene and lovely with Uncle Daniel and him-
self. The talk is that the
CIRCUS CLOWN IS RATHER AFRAID
he has caught a tar tar in trying to
BLACKMAIL THE UNION PACIFIC
railroad Company, and that he will be glad to back down,
and get out of the false position be has placed himself
in. The talk is about the
GERMAN BANKERS
an d their crowding the market with their
BILLS OF EXCHANGE AT LOW PRICES
and selling gold short. The talk is that they may be
swamped by the gold market as the Treasury Depart-
ment was in 1806, by the large shipments of specie, that
the natural course of the exchanges is a dangerous thing
to meddle with, and that some of them are beginning to
feel uncomrortable about the strength of the gold mar-
ket. The talk is about the
READING CLIQUE
and what is to become of them, that
WOODWARD AND SMITH GOULD MARTIN & GO.
have their hands pretty full of Reading and other stocks
which they would like to get rid of, but the market will
not take them. The talk is that th e
NORTH WEST CLIQUE IS DISGUSTED
with the stagnation of the mai'ket, and that they cannot
get anybody to deal in their stock either long or short,
that
HENRY KEEP
has managed to get rid of some of his stock, and that
RUEFUL RUFUS
and his party are stuck with it, and that
HENRY KEEP
will relieve them of it some time or other when they get
tired of carrjmg it and are willing to sell it a good deal
less than it cost them. Thejlalk is that
HENRY KEEP
is going to give
A MILLION DOLLARS
to found an institution for the poor of New York city,
providing that
HE CAN MAKE FIVE MILLIONS
by sticking all his friends and the public with the
NORTH WEST SHARES AT HIGH PRICES.
The talk is ihat
CHAPLAIN HATCH
ought to issue another lithographic
RCULAR ABOUT NORTH WEST
telling all he dont know about the stock, so that the
public may have another chance of reading what
RUEFUL RUFUS
has to s^y about gross earnings and be confirmed in
their prudent intention not to deal in the North west
shares either long or short. The talk Is that
LOCKWOOD Sc CO. AND HENRY KEEP
are go'ng to
WATER MICHIGAN AND SOUTHERN STOCK
from $12,000,000 to $16,000,000, and th at they have sold
some of this stock to the stree t already to
RAISE MONEY TO PAY THE DIVIDEND,
and that affairs are rotten generally with all the stocks
they touch, Michigan Southern, Cleveland and Toledo
and the North west shares, that they have
GUTTED AT.T. THESE COMPANIES OF THEIR CASH.
THE MONEY MARKET
was easy at 3 to 4 per cent, on call, and 6 to 7 per cent,
on discounts. The weekly bank statement is favorable
to a continuation of the present ease in the money mar.
ket. The increase of the specie and deposits is caused
by the deposit of the $7,200,000 gold for the Alaska pur-
chase.
The following table shows the changes in the New
Yori city hanks compared with the preceding week ;
Aug. 1. Aug. 8. Differences.
Loans, $279,811,657 $279,765,786 Inc. $ 444,129
Specie, 20,602,737 24,784,427 Inc. 4,281,690
Circulation, 83,957,305 34,074,374 Inc. 117,069
Deposits, 228,100,867 231,716,492 Inc. 3,611,625
Legal-tenders, 73,638,061 74,051,648 Inc. 413,487
THE GOLD MABKET
was active and excited during the week and on Thurs-
day advanced as high as 160. At the close the market
became unsettle d owing to the heavy pressure of sales by
the bears and also by the instrumentality of the bulls who
want to purchase more gold.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows : Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday 1, 145% 145% 144% 145%
Monday, 3, 145% 145% 145 145%
Tuesday, 4, 145% 146% 145% 146%
Wednesday, 5, 147% 148% 147 148
Thursday, 6, 149% * 150 148% 148%
Friday, 7, 148% 148% 147% 147%
Saturday, 8, 147% 147% 146% 147%
Monday, 10, 146% 147% 146% 146%
' THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was quiet and steady in the early part of the week, but
at the close became weak and unsettled owing to the
rapid fluctuations in the price of gold and the rumors
in regard the banking firms that are drawing bills
against bonds. The quotations are, bankers 60 days
sterling 109% to 110 and against bonds 109% to 109%;
and sight 110% to 110% ; bankers francs on Paris long
6.15 to 5.13%, and short 5.12% to 5.11%.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
in the early part of the week improved with an increased
speculative demand, but at the close the market became
weak and unsettled, and prices were irregular, in sympa-
thy with the break in Erie, causing some stocks to de-
cline 3 to 4 per cent.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 47% to 48% ; Boston W. P., 15% tol6% ;
Cumberland, 28 to 30 ; Quicksilver, 21% to 22; Mari-
posa, 2 to 1 ; Mariposa preferred, 8 to 9 ; Pacific
Mail, 103 to 103% ; Atlantic Mail, 20 to 26 ; W. U.
Tel., 34% to 34%; New York Central, 128% to 128%;
Erie, 58% to 68% ; do. preferred, 69 to 69% ; Hud-
son River, 136 to 138 ; Reading, 91% to 91% ; Wa-
bash, 60% to 51%; Mil. & St. P., 75 to 75%; do- preferred
82% to 82% ; Fort Wayne, 1C8% to 108% ; Ohio & Miss.,
29% to 29 % ; Mich. Cen., 119% to 121 ; Mich. South,
85% to 86 ; IU. Central, 148 to 151 ; Pittsburg, 87% to
88 ; Toledo, 101% to 102; Rock Island, 111% to 111%
North Western; 82% to 82% ; do. preferred, 81% to
81%.
UNITED states securities
were, more active at the close and there was a firmer
tone throughout the list. Orders are arriving from the
country to purchase, and chiefly in the new bonds. The
foreign bonds ot 1862sand old 1865s are strong oil ac-
count of advanced quotations in Europe.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881, 115% to 115% ; Coupon, 1881, 116% to
115% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862,109% to 109% ; Coupon, 6-20,
1862, 114% to 115 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 111 to 111% ;
Coupon, 6-20, 1865, 112% to 112% ; Coupon, 6-20, 1865,
Jan. and July, 108% to 109 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
109% to 109% ; CoupoD, 5-20, 1868, 109% to 109% ;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 105% to 105% ; 10-40 Coupon, 109%
to 109% ; September Compounds, 1865,118% ; October
Compounds, 1865,118.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,549,000 in gold against $2,510,000,
$2,215,119 and $1,785,586 for the preceding weeks. The
imports .of merchandise for the week were $6,046,093
in gold against $5,695,166 $3,813,444, and $4,680,442 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $96,102,995 in currency against $2,976,685 $2,638,-
195, and $3,317,411 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $2,896,532 against $715,592, $1,463,-
249 and $2,094,138 for the preceding weeks.
The new method of teaching
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 3otb,
may be had by addressing the authoress,
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey.
THE REUNION COMMUNITY is located
near Minersville, Center Creek Post*office, Jasper
Co. Mo.
WILLIAM CHESTNUT, President.


96
Th.e He volution;
THE ORGAN OP THE
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL EIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
J^ORTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
229 BROADWAY, Corner Barclay Street,
NEW YORE.
THE FIRST INSTITUTION iOF. ITS KIND IN THE
WORLD.
To devise aDd offer to tbe Insuring Public
ABSOLUTE SECURITY WITH THE LARGEST
LIBERTY.
POLICIES SECURED BY PLEDGE OF PUBLIC '
STOCKS,
Like the circulation of National Banks, by being
REGISTERED
JpARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTSES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near tbe Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
. 62 CEDAR STREET,
, Notary Public, New Yobk.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS :
1. In PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with the People I
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought j Broader Ideas ;
Science not Superstition.
3. In Social Lipe.Practical Education, Dot Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; ColdjWater,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton and Com, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the WorldJ
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor, and. keep bright the chain of
friendship between them and their Fatherland.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
$10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ) E
PARKER PILLSBURY, \
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Pbopeietob. ,
87 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line................... ..20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line...............16 cents.
'Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
1,37 Park Row, New York,
THE REVOLUTION
ttay he had of the American News Company, New
IN NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT.
Contain none of the Usual Restrictions
IN TRAVEL, RESIDENCE, OR THE ORDINARY
EMPLOYMENTS,
Anywhere outside the Torrid Zone.
OFFICERS :
N. D. MORGAN, Pres. T. T. MERWIN, Vice-Pres.
J. W. MERRILL, Secy. GEO. ROWLAND, Actuary.
0 R T M 0 N M O U T H,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in Monmouth County, one of
them, on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
Musical boxes,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments;
Voix Celestes (Celestial Voices), Orgonocleides, Mando-
lines, Expressives, Picolos, Bells, Drums, Castmets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable.
They are due ornaments for the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions for the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
M. J. PA1LLARD & CO., Importers, No. 21 Maiden
Lane (up stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
26-29
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and tbe perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
wo ld. The luel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
THILDA A. McCORD,
613 CHESTNUT STREET,
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
SEEPS ON HAND A PULL A8SOBTMENT OF
SPIRITUAL AND LIBERAL BOOKS,
PAMPHLETS AND PERIODICALS.
ALSO A SUPPLY OF STATIONERY, ETC.
ygp The patronage of friends and the public gene<
rally is respectfully^ solicited. 4^-9
CLOTHING! OLO THING'! CLOTHING!
Our stockfor the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MENS AND BOYS* CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments lrom us, with certainty and dispatch, by the
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules aud Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
York ; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Tiouis, Mo., aDd of the large
New^Dealere throughout the country.
J. JOHNSTON, Publisher,
jyj-RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUTS, MO.,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention toal
diseases of women, and o the duties of an Accoucheuse.
JJLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c;
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account, Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job "Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
J>RINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS^
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
OMEN ARTISTS.
MISS S. E. FULLER,
WOOD ENGRAVER,
_______863 BROADWAY.____
jg E N E D I C TS
TRADE TIME MARE
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Stone,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Ohurch Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,'
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $129, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial Amebic an. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
_________________________691 BROADWAY.
J^E W PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by .
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point,
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp.
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
ISSES ABBIE T. CRANE,
' FRANCES -KETCHAM, and
LAURA E. BOWER,
DESIGNERS and ENGRAVERS ON WOOD.
763 BROADWAY.
QHEAP PRINTING,
33 Bookman St., top floor.