Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. JZNO. 7. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 20, 1868. WHOLE NO. _33.
Clir linuiliitinii.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
JRIilZAltaSTH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILIiSBURY, ] UiUitors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
. OFFICE 87 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE
Skaneateles, August 12, 1868.
Dear Revolution: From Peterboro we
went to Auburn, the home of Secretary Seward,
where we passed a few days with Martha Wright,
sis ter of our dear friend, Lucretia Mott. We were
pleased to find Mrs. Wright in a calm, philoso-
phical state of mind on Train and The Revo-
lution, and sufficiently clear-sighted to per-
ceive that so long as we believed and advo-
cated suffrage for women, Chinese, Africans and
Indians, there could be no possible chance of
our accepting the democratic platform, or advo-
cating the election of Seymour and Blair. It is
very well for our radical friends who propose to
go body and soul over to Grant and Colfax, in or-
der to cover their own defection to principle, to
raise this hue and cry about The Revolu-
tion being democratic ; while, in fact, we
maintain the only true position outside the poli-
tical circle to criticize and commend alike the
vices and virtues of both parties. Seeing that the
women of the nation have nothing to hope from
either party, and that the black women are
abandoned even by the abolitionists, there is no
occasion forjus to toss bouquets or wave pocket-
handkerchiefs in the coming Presidential cam-
paign, or to raise our flag for any candidates
in favor of the word male in the Federal or
state constitution. The difference between a
mans government and a white mans gov-
ernment is not one of principle ; either is a
despotism to those who have no voice in the
government. Though every new extension of
the suffrage is a step in the right direction, yet
as the majority increases, the tyranny over the
minority increases also. The condition of one
man in disfraaohisement would be more hope-
less than would that of a whole people ruled by
one man, for if he proved despotic, the whole
could easily throw him off; but what could one
do against a nation of tyrants ? So long as a
mans government continues on this conti-
nent, we hope there will be some women in the
republic who, like Mordecai in the kings gate,
will refuse to bow down to the assumption of
their rulers, whether republicans or democrats.
We find Chief-Justice Chase severely criti-
cized also for his democratic proclivities, but if
that party could have come up so high as to nom-
inate a man in favor of universal suffrage for all
men and women, surely it would have been w;ell
for Mr. phase to have*furnished them the oppor-
tunity, and in basing that party on his platform
he would in no way have compromised his prin-
ciples.
We found Auburn all alive with the visit of
the Chinese embassy; guests of Secretary
Seward. The day we arrived they had just been
out to see the working of Munson1 Osborns far-
famed reaper, and were greatly pleased with its
power and skill. As they have none of our im-
proved agricultural implements in China, they
are filled with wonder at all the progress we
have made.
At an evening reception at Secretary Sewards,
we had the pleasure of being introduced to the
entire embassy, Minister Plenipotentiary, Am-
bassadors, Secretaries, and Students, and bad a
long conversation with them through Tang and
Teh, the interpreter, who speaks English with
remarkable fluency. We were particularly at-
attracted to Chili Tegin, who seems to be a
thoughtful, liberal, common-sense man. He is
short, thick-set, with a high, well-shaped fore-
head, and large eyes, and a very intelligent, ex-
pressive face.
Among other questions, we asked Chih what
he thought of the women of this country, ra-
ther an embarrassing question under the cir-
cumstances, being surrounded, as he was, by
the youth, beauty and intellect of Auburn ;
but he promptly replied, that the women
seemed abler than the men. We asked the in-
terpreter if that was Chih's real opinion, that
he would stand by if published in The Revo-
lution ? or expressed to us through gallantry?
He laughed, and said it was his real opinion;
that the women in this country surprised him
more than anything else he had seen ; he
composure and independence with which they
move about, as if they had a right to be every-
where, he said, was to him a subject of con-
stant wonderment. We made many inquiries
in regard to the habits of the Chinese women,
and learning that even the higher classes are un-
educated, we expressed our surprise that while
two Empresses govern China, the women should
not be permitted to read. Chih replied, that
* knowledge had always been considered danger-
ous for women. We said, you see tbe American
women read, make speeches, edit journals, and
travel alone wherever they please, and yet your
entire embassy have moved through the country
in safety. Men have everything their own way
here as well as in China ; whereupon the Hon.
Kit Morgan, who was in a Very happy frame of
mind, warned Chih that we were the most danger-
ous woman in the country. But Chih repudiated
the suggestion, and said we were the mosthappy-
looking woman he had ever seen. Now we give
this opinion of the wise men of the Fast as an
offset to the terrible denunciations of the Chi-
cago Tribune, whose cruelty in calling us a scold
so lacerated our tender heart, that we could find
relief only in a bottle of Mrs. Winslows sooth-
ing syrup : thus has that wealthy journal
damaged us to the amount of seventy-five
cents. Yerily, the destruction of the poor is
their poverty. But to return to Chih ; we told
him that happiness and independence were twin
sisters, and that all we needed to make our cup
of joy run over was the ballot. At this he
laughed immoderately, and said, he thought
we were going to say a set of diamonds.
Chih promised to visit the office of The Re-
volution on his return to New York, and
subscribe for the paper, and we, in return, pro-
mised that as soon as the Pacific Railroad was
completed, we would call a Womans Rights
convention in Pekin, and that Anna Dickinson
would stump China for Chih as President.
Some one has said that the Chinese had no
taste for music, but we noticed that when some
nieces and nephews of ex-Gov. Troop sang
some brilliant duetts, they were all attention,
and evidently enjoyed the performance. They
have been much pleased, too, with the dancing
and waltzing they have seen in this country.
In watching the waltz, Chih thought a great
many precious privileges, such as feet for girls,
were vouchsafed to young people in this country,
not permitted in the Celestial Empire. As we
rejoice in everything that tends to dignify the
petticoat, we were specially comforted to find
the entire embasssy dressed 'in flowing robes.
They tried the dress of our American men and
found it so warm and uncomfortable that they
resumed the feminine attire. It would be for
better if our legislators, instead of passing laws
as to what women may or may not wear, would
forbid the bifurcated garment to all bandy-
legged men. The Chinese costume would not
only be more artistic, but it would conceal all pe-
dal deformities. We had a very pleasant inter-
view with Mr. and Mrs. Burlingame, and ex-
pressed to them our regret that no Chinese wo-
men had been included in the embassy. As Mr.
Burlingame is in favor of the enfranchisement of
American women, we hope when he returns to
China that he will inaugurate some movement
for the education of the higher classes of Chinese
women ; for their condition ig really more piti-
able than those compelled to labor, as they enjoy
the freedom of practical life and contact with
the world, while the rich are secluded within
their palace walls.
Among Mr. Sewards guests we were happy
to meet Charlotte Cushman, who has recently
returned from Europe. She is a woman of im-
posing presence, has a large heart, benevolent
face and most genial manners. She was richly
dressed in a black and white silk, and her grey
hair was tastefully arranged without dye or head
dress. It is a great step towards freedom when
woman has the right to grow old and feels her-
self no longer bound to seem young when she
is not.
Miss Cushman looks quite as well in the par-
lor as on the stage. We congratulated her on
all she, Ellen Tree and Fanny Kemble had done
to dignify the stage and exalt that profession.
Would that we could see young women of
genius rising up and taking their places. The
theatre, properly conducted, might be made the


98 * fjUVfllUtifitt.
means of as much public good as the pulpit,
and a source of much happiness and profit to
many gifted girls -now pining for something
to do.
Here, too, we met again with Mrs. Worden,
a sister of Mrs. Seward. She is a woman of
great originality, and has an inexhaustable fund
of conversation. Discussing with her the ques-
tion of suffrage, she told us that since she has
been a widow she had always selected, her man
servant with reference to his politics. After in-
quiring as to his qualifications as gardener,
coachman, etc., she asks if he is a good repub-
lican, and will vote precisely as she wishes him
to, as among his other duties, the most im-
portant will be the responsibility of represent-
ing her at the polls. Having accepted the con-
ditions, when election day comes, she sees to
his tickets and hires another man to watch him
(oh! frailty, thy name is man ?) until they are
safely deposited in the ballot-box. We give
this fact to show what can be done until that
odious word male* is expurgated from the
New fork Constitution. So long as the edu-
cated women of this state cannot vote in person
it might be well for them to make contracts
v ith some men from the Fejee Islands imported
for that purpose, who cannot read or write, to
represeut them in their native land, on the sup-
position that the most ignorant male knows
more of republican institutions, than any daugh-
ter of the Pilgrims possibly can.
Mr. Seward has a beautiful home in the heart
of the city. He has several acres of land laid
out in gardens, winding walks and shady
groves. His house is an old -fashioned one that
belonged to his wifes father, Judge Miller. It
has lately been remodeled aud enlarged. One
spacious parlor opens on an extensive piazza,
where our host received his visitors, while a full
band, played delightfully under the grand old
trees, that have sheltered that family for gene-
rations. Mr. Seward has always honored our
country and his position, by his generous hos-
pitalities to foreigners and strangers. We were
glad to find that he has borne the severe trials
through which he has passed like a Christian
philosopher, and is now looking better than he
has for several years. It is understood that the
Secretory of State and his Mentor, Thurlow
Weed, are both interested in the success of
Grant and Colfax, though Mr. Seward has not
publicly said so.
We are now enjoying the hospitalities of
Anson Lapham, a cousin of Miss Anthonys,
a wealthy Quaker merchant, who retired from
New York years ago, and is now living
in princely style on the banks of this beau-
tiful lake. Skaneateles is indeed one of the
loveliest spots in the world. With its highly
cultivated farms, hills and dales, beautiful lake
and new railroad linking it to the New York
Central and thus bringing it within twelve
hours of New York, it is one of the choicest
summer residences for metropolitan merchants
in the western part of this state. Mr. Laphams
place is one of the most beautiful in tbis coun-
try. The house, with its pure white columns
on either side, looks like a Grecian temple, and
the close cut lawn running down to the lake
is as smooth as velvet Everything is kept
with Quaker neatness and perfection, both in-
side and out Mi's. Lapham is a pattern house-
keeper though she is strong-minded, and is im-
patiently waiting to go to the ballot-box. We
have met several wealthy Quaker merchants
from New York ; who, shades of George Fox
and Elias Hicks forgive Ijseem to know and care
a good deal more about Wall street stocks and
per cent than the reforms of the day. Seeing
so many wealthy friends reminded us of what
we heard Samuel Gurney, a wealthy Quaker
banker in London once say. Being asked what
had become of the Jews that had at one time
controlled the money market in Europe, he
laughingly replied that the Quakers had
driven them out Perhaps their late in this
country may be the same.
Miss Anthony has kept up a running fire with
Mr. Jonathan Thorn, a New York millionaire,
on the woman question. We noticed that when-
ever they seemed to flag, Mr. Lapham woald
skillfully throw in a word or two, to stir up the
discussion anew. Mr. Thom is a tall, handsome
man, who, like Mr. Lincoln, has a story for
everything, but he is rather too conservative in
his notions to command the woman vote, if
he should ever run for President. We fancied
that he regarded us as rather out of our sphere,
when speaking in Quaker meeting on Sunday ;
particularly as we defended the doctrine of
Original Sin, that vice and virtue are hereditary,
from the aspersions of Mr. George Truman, a
friend from Philadelphia, who claimed that
moral qualities, or rather spiritual influences,
did not depend on organization, but were a di-
rect influx from heaven. Between Gerrit Smith
and these good friends, we shall get so many
theological kinks in our head, that by the time
we are safe back in the metropolis, we shall
need a thorough revision of our creed. In the
meantime, dear Revolution, dovnot launch
your little bark on the tempestuous sea of
reason, for there are so many pitfalls in the
theologies, that we had better confine ourselves
to demanding justice and equality for all before
the law, to the real evils nowin existence ; leav-
ing professional D.Ds to find out the origin of
sin, and whether or no, men are free agents,
fully satisfied that under the present regime,
women are not
There is a gay party of young ladies and gen-
tlemen here from Brooklyn, lambs of the Rev.
Mr. Storrs flock, and we can bear witness, that
they need a shepherds care. If they had be-
longed to Mr. Beecher, we should not have been
so surprised with their erratic proceedings, but
from the teachings of the staid, philosophical
Mr. Storrs, we had looked for better results.
Parties all night, croquet, sails and drives all
day, flying hither and thither. Now inspecting
Auburn prison and Mr. Sewards private
grounds, then roaming over the hill-top3 of
Glen Haven and fhe salt works of Syracuse.
Now demurely sitting in the silence of the
Quaker meeting, and then rushing into our
sanctum, to lead us captive to the parlor, to
play quadrilles, waltzes, gallops, until our
rheumatic fingers are all in a tremor, and onr
brain dizzy with the whirling sylphs.
Before the sun was up this morning, Miss
Anthony and two bright girls from Brooklyn,
manned a small sailing craft, and went up the
lake. They invited some young merchant
princes to take seals on board, and remain quiet
spectators of the scene. They performed some
very difficult evolutions. In one rather danger-
ous manoeuvre, a gentleman becoming a little
nervous, was threatened with the fate of Jonah,
which immediately brought him to order. It
is truly melancholy to see how the young girls
on all sides are flying from their sphere. With
base-ball and boat clubs, gymnasiums, driving,
swimming, and croqueting, verily, the days of
embroidering and crocheting, ruffling and puff-
ing, are fast passing away. Aud we say amen,
for the needle can boast more victims than pes-
tilence or famine, than the sword or the Minnie
gun. - e. o. s.
THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECBAFT1790.'
CHAPTER V.
ANIMADVERSIONS ON SOME OF THE WRITERS WHO
HAVE RENDERED WOMEN OBJECTS OF PITY,
BORDERING ON CONTEMPT.
Bur to complete the sketch. It is easy to be con-
ceived, that if male children are not in a capacity to form
any true notions of religion, those ideas must he greatly
above the conception oi the females ; it is for this very
reason I would begin to speak to them the earlier on
this subjectj for if we were to wait till they were in a
capacity to discuss methodically such profound ques-
tions, we should run a risk of never speaking to them
on this subject as long as they lived. Keason in women
is a practical reason, capacitating them artfully to dis-
cover the meaus of attaining a known end, but which
would never enable them to discover that end itself.
The social relations of the sexes are indeed truly admir-
able. : trom their uuiou there results a moral person, oi
which women may be termed the eyes, and man the
hand, with this dependence on each other, that it is from
the man that the woman is to learn wbat she is to see,
and it is of the woman that man is to learn wbat bo
ought to do. If woman could recur to tbe first prin-
ciples of things as well as man, and man was capacitated
to enter into their minutice as well as woman, always in-
dependent of each other, they would live in perpetual
discord, and their union could not subsist. But in the
present harmony which naturally subsists between them,
their different faculties tend to one common end ; it is
difficult to say which of them conduces the most to it;
each follows the impulse of the other; each is obedient,
and both are masters,* ^
As tbe conduct of a woman is subservient to tbe
public opinion, her faith, in matters of religion, should,
for that very reason, be subject to authority. Every
daughter ought to be of Vie same religion as her mother, and
every wife to be of the same religion as her husband : for,
(hough such religion should be false, that docility which in-
duces (he mother and daughter to submit to (he order of na-
ture, takes away, in the sight of God, the criminality of their
error.* As they are not in a Rapacity to judge tor them-
selves, they ought to abide by the decision of tbeir
lathers and husbands as confidently as by that of the
church.
As authority ought to regulate the religion of the
women, it is not so needful to explain to them the rea-
sons for their belief as to lay down precisely the tenets
they are to believe : for the creed which presents only
obscure ideas to the mind is the source ot fanaticism ;
and that which presents absurdities leads to infidelity.
Absolute, uucontroverted authority, it seems, must
subsist somewhere: but is not tbis a direct and exclusive
appropriation of reason? The rights of Immunity have
been thus confined to the male line from Adam down-
wards. Rousseau would cany his male aristocracy still
further ; for he insinuates, that he should not blame
those who contend for leaving woman in a state of the
most profound ignorance, if it were not necessary, in
order to preserve her chastity, and justify the mans,
choice in the eves of the world, to give her a little know-
ledge of men and tbe customs produced by human pas-
sions ; dee sho might propagatp at home without being
rendered less voluptuous and innocent by the exercise
of her understanding: excepting, indeed, during the
first year of marriage, when she might employ it to dress,
like Sophia. Her dress is extremely modest in ap-
pearance, and yet very coquetish in fact: she does not
make a display of her charms, she conceals them ; but,
in concealing them, she knows how to affect your
imagination. Every one who sees her will say, There is
a modest and discreet girl; but while you ore near her,
your eyes and affections wander all over her person, so
that you cannot withdraw them; and you would con-
* Wbat is to be the consequence, if the mothers and
husbands opinion should chance not to agree? An ig-
norant person cannot be reasoned out of an error, aud
when persuaded to give up one prejudice for another*
the mind is unsettled. Indeed, the husband may not
have any religion to teach her though in such a situation
she will be in great want of a support to her virtue, in-*
dependent of any worldly considerations.



99
<*
elude that every part of her dress, simple as it seems,
was only put in its proper order to be taken to pieces by
the imagination. Is this modesty ? Is this a prepara*
tion for immortality! Again. What opinion are we to
form of a system of education, when the author says of
his heroine, that with h*r, doing things well is but a
secondary concern : her principal concern is to do them
neatly
Secondary, in fact, are all her virt ues and qualities,
for, respecting religion, he makes her parents thus ad
dress her, accustomed to submission<( Your husband
will instruct you in good time.
After thus cramping a woman's mind, if, in order to
keep it fair, he has not made it quite a blank, he advises
her to reflect, that a reflecting man m^y not yawn in her
company, when he is tired of caressing her. What has
she to reflect about, who must obey ? and would it not be
a refinement on cruelty only to open her mind to make
the darkness and misery of her fate visible t Yet these are
his sensible remarks ; how consistent with what I have
already been obliged to quote to give a fair view of the
subjeot the reader may determine.
They who pass their whole lives in working for their
daily bread have no ideas beyond their business or their
interest, and all their understanding seems to lie in their
lingers' ends. This ignorance is neither prejudicial to
tbeir integrity nor their morals ; it is often of service to
them. Sometimes, by means of reflection, we are led to
compound with our duty, and we conclude by substitut-
ing a jargon of words in the room of things. Our own
conscience is the most enlightened philosopher. There
is no need of being acquainted with Tully's offices, to
make a man of probity : and perhaps the most virtuous
woman in the world is the least acquainted with the defi-
nition of virtue. But it is no less true that an improved
understanding can only render society agreeable ; and it
is a melancholy thing for a father of a family, who is
fond of home, to be obliged to be always wrapped up in
himself, and to have nobody about him to whom he can
impart his sentiment.
Besides, how should a woman void of reflection be
capable of educating her children ? How should she
discern what is proper for them ? How should she in-
cline them to those virtues she is unacquainted with, or
to that merit of which she has no idea ? She ean only
soothe or chide them ; render them insolent or timid ;
she will make them formal coxcombs or ignorant block-
heads ; but will never make them sensible or amiable.
How indeed should she, when her husband is not always
at hand to lend her his reasonwhen they both together
make but one moral being ? A blind will, eyes with-
out hands, would go a very little way ; and perchance
his abstract reason, that should concentrate the scattered
beams of her practical reason, may be employed in judg-
ing of the flavor of wine, descanting on the sauces most
proper lor turtle ; or, more profoundly intent at a card
table, he may be generalizing his ideas as he bets away
his fortune, leaving all the minutice of education to his
helpmate or chance.
But, gi an ting that woman ought to be beautiful, inno-
eenfc, and silly, to render her a more alluring and indul-
gent companion what is her understanding sacrificed
for ? And why is all this preparation necessary, only ac-
eordihg to Rousseafts own account, to make her the mis-
tress of her husband, a very short time? For no man
ever insisted more on the transient nature of love.
Thus speaks the philosopher. Sensual pleasures are
transient. The habitual state of the a fractions always
loses by their gratification. The imagination, which
decks the objeot of our desires, is lost in fruition. Ex-
cepting the Supreme Being, who is self-existent, there is
nothing beautiful but what is ideal.
But he returns to his unintelligible paradoxes again,
when he thus addresses Sophia. * Emilius, in becom*
ing your husbaud, is become your master, and claims
your obedience. Such is the order of nature. When a
man is married, however, to such a wife as Sophia, it is
proper he should be directed by her ; this is also agree-
able to the order of nature : it is, therefore, to give you
as much authority over his heart as his sex gives him
over your person, that I have made you the arbiter of bis
pleasures. It may cost you, perhaps, some disagreeable
self-denial; but you will be certain of maintaining your
empire over him if you can preserve it over yourself;
what I have already observed, also shows me, that this
difficult attempt does not surpass your courage.
Would you have your husband constantly at your feet,
keep him at some distance from your person. You will
long maintain the authority of love, if you but know how
to render your favors rare and valuable. It is thus you
may employ.even the arts of coquetry in the service of
virtue, and those of love in that of reason.
I shall close my extracts with a just description of a
comfortable couple. And yet you must not imagine
that even such management will always suffice. What-
ever precaution be taken, enjoyment will, by degrees,
take off the edge of passion. But when love hath lasted
as long as possible, a pleasing habitude supplies its
place, and the attachment of a mutual confidence suc-
ceeds to the transports of passion. Children often
form a more agreeable and permanent connection be-
tween married people than even iove itself. When yon
oease to be the mistress of Emilius, you will continue to
be his wife and friend ; you will be the mother of his
children.*
Children, he truly observes, form a much more per-
manent connection between married people than love.
Beauty he declares will not be valued, or even seen, after
a couple have lived six months together: artificial
graces and coquetry will likewise pall on. the senses :
why then does he say, that a girl should he educated for
her husband with the same care as for an eastern harem.
I now appeal from the reveries of fancy and refined
licentiousness to the good sense of mankind, whether,
if the object of education be to prepare women to be-
come chaste wives and sensible mothers, the method so
plausibly recommended in the foregoing sketch he the
one best calculated to produce those ends ? Will it be
allowed that the surest way to make a wife chaste is to
teach h er to practice the wanton arts of a mistress, termed
virtuous coquetry by the sensualists who can no longer
relish the artless charms of sincerity, or taste the plea-
sure arising from a tender intimacy, when confidence is
unchecked by suspicion, and rendered interesting by
sense ?
The man who can be contented to live with a pretty,
useful companion without a mind has lost in voluptuous
gratifications a taste for more refined enjoyments ; he
has never felt the calm satisfaction that refreshes the
parched heart, like the silent dew of heavenof being
beloved by one who could understand him. In the so-
ciety of his wife he is still alone, unless when the man is
sunk in the brute. The charm of life, says a grave
philosophical reasoner, is sympathy ; nothing pleases
us more than to observe in other men a fellow-feeling
with all.tbe emotions of ourownbreast.
But, according to the tenor of reasoning by which
women are kept from the tree of knowledge, the impor-
tant years of youth, the usefulness of age, and the ra-
tional bopes of futurity, are all to be sacrificed to ren-
der woman an object of desire for a short time. Be.
sides, how could Rousseau expect them to be virtuous and
constant when reason is neither allowed to he the foun-
dation of their virtue, nor truth the object of their in-
quiries ?
But all Rousseau's erorrs in reasoning arose from sen-
sibilty, and sensibility to their charms women are very
ready to forgive I When he should have reasoned he
became impassioned, and reflection inflamed his imagina-
tion instead of enlightening his understanding. Even
his virtues also led hftn farther astray ; for, bora with a
warm constitution and lively fancy, nature carried him
toward the other sex with such eager fondness, tnat be
soon became lascivious. Had he given way -to these de-
sires, the fire would have extinguished itself in a natural
manner, but virtue, and a romantic kind of delicacy
made him practice self-denial; yet, when fear, delicacy,
or virtue restrained him, he debauched his imagina-
tion ; and, reflecting on the sensations to which fancy
gave lorce, he traced them in the most glowing colors
and sunk them deep into his souL
He then sought for solitude, not to sleep with the
man of nature, or calmly investigate the causes of things
under the shade where Sir Isaac Newton indulged, con-
templation, but merely to indulge his feeling. And so
warmly has he painted what he forcibly felt, that, inter-
esting the heart and inflaming the imagination of his
readers, in proportion to the strength of their fancy, they
imagine that their understanding is convinced, when
they only sympathize with a poetic writer who skilfully
exhibits the objects of sense, most volnptuously sha-
dowed, or graoefully veiled; and thus making us feel,
whilst dreaming that we reason, erroneous conclusions
are left in the mind.
Why was Rousseaus life divided between ecstacy and
misery ? Can any other answer be given than this, tha*
the effervescence of his imagination produced both ;
but, had his fauby been allowed to cool, it is possible
tbat he might have acquired~more strength of mind.
Still, if the purpose of life be to educate the intellectual
part of man, all with respect to him was right; yet,
had not de'ath led to a nobler scene of action, it is prob-
able tbat be would have enjoyed more equal happiness
on earth, and have felt the calm sensations of the man
of nature, instead of being prepared lor another stage of
* Rousseaus Emilius.
existence by nourishing the passions whieh agitate the
civilized man.
But peace to his manes! I war not with his ashes, but
his opinions. I war only with the sensibility that led
him to degrade woman by making her the slave of love.
Cursd vassalage,
First idolized till loves hot fire be oer,
Then slaves to those who courted us before.
ZDryden.
The pernicious tendency of those books in which the
writers insidiously degrade the sex, while they are pros-
trate before their personal charms, cannot he too often
or too severely exposed.
Let ns, my dear contemporaries, arise above such nar-
row prejudices 1 If wisdom is desirable on its own ac-
count, if virtue, to deserve the name, must be founded
on knowledge; let us endeavor to strengthen our mind
by reflection, till our heads become a balance for our
hearts; let us not confine all our thoughts to the petty
occurrences of the day, nor oar knowledge to an acquaint*
ance with our lovers or husbands hearts; but let the
practice of every duty be subordinate to the grand one
of improving our minds, and preparing our affections
for a more exalted state t
Beware, then, my friends, of suffering the heart to he
moved by every trivial incident: the reed is shaken by
a breeze, and annually dies, but the oak stands firm*
and for ages braves the storm.
Were we, indeed, only created to flutter our hour out
and diewhy let us then indulge sensibility, and laugh at
the severity of reason. Yet, alas! even then we should
want strength of body and mind, and life would be lost
in feverish pleasures or wearisome languor.
But the system of education which I earnestly wish to
see exploded, seems to pre-snppose, what ought never to
be taken for granted, that virtue shields us from the ca-
sualties of life ; and that fortune, slipping off her ban-
dage, wid smile on a well-educated female, and bring in
her hand an Emilius or a Telemachus. Whilst, on the
contrary, the reward which virtue promises to her vo-
taries is confined, it is clear, to their own bosoms ; and
often must they contend with most vexatious worldly
cares, and bear with the vices and humors of relations
for whom they can never feel a friendship.
There have been many women in the world who. in-
stead of being supported by the reason and virtue of
their fathers and brothers, have strengthened their own
minds by struggling with their vices and follies; yet
have never met with a hero, in the shape of a husband ;
who, paying the debt that mankind owed them, might
chance to bring hack their reason to its natural depen-
dent state, and restore the usurped prerogative, of ris-
ing above opinion, to man.
- SECTION H.
Dr. Fordyces sermons have long made a part of a
young womans library ; nay, girls at school are allowed
to read them ; hut I should instantly dismiss them from
my pupils, if I wished to strengthen her understanding,
by leading her to form sound principles on a broad
basis; or, were I only anxious to cultivate her taste ;
though they must be allowed to contain many sensible
observations.
Dr. Fordyce may have had a very laudable end in
view ; hut these discourses are written in such an af-
fected style, that were it only on that account, and had
I nothing to object against his mellifluous precepts, I
should not allow girls to peruse them, unless I designed
to hunt every spark'of nature out of their composition,
meltiDg every human quality into female weakness and
artificial grace. I say artificial, for true grace arises from
some kind of independence of mind.
Children, careless of pleasing, and only anxious to
amuse themselves, are often very graceful; and the no-
bility who have mostly lived with inferiors, and always
had the command of money, acquire a graceful ease of
deportment, which should rather be termed habitual
grace of body, tnan that superior gracefulness which is
truly the expression of the mind. This mental grace,
not noticed by vulgar eyes, often flashes across a rough
countenance, and irradiating every feature, shows sim -
pliCity and independence of mind. It is then we read
characters of immortality in the eye, and see the soul iu
every gesture, though when at rest, neither -the face nor
limbs may have much beauty to recommend them; or
the behavior anything peculiar to attract universal atten-
tion. The mass of mankind, however, look for more
tangible beauty ; yet simplicity is, in general, admired,
when people do not consider what they admire; and
can there be simplicity without sincerity ? but, to have
done with remarks that are in some measure desultory,
though naturally excited by the subject.
In declamatory periods Dr. Fordyce spins out Rous-
eaus eloquence ; and in most sentimental rant, details


100 /
7
$lu "SeVtfltttltftt.
bis opinions respecting the female character and the be-
havior which woman ought to assume to render her
lovely.
He shall speak for himself, lor thus he makes nature
address man. Behold those smiling innocents, whom
1 have graced with my fairest gifts, and colnmitted to
your protection ; behold them with love and rerpect;
treat them with tenderness and honor. They are timid
and want to he defended. They are frail; 0 do not take
advantage of their weakness I Let their fears and
blushes endear them. Lot their confidence in you never
be abused. But is It possible that any of you can bo
such barbarians, so supremely-wicked, as io abuse it?
Can you find in your hearts* to despoil the gentle, trust-
ing creatures of their treasure, or do anything to strip
them of their native robe of virtue? Curst he the im-
pious hand that would dare to violate the unblemished
form of Chastity Thou wretch 1 thou ruffian! for-
bear ; nor venturo to provoke heavens fiercest ven-
geance. I know not any comment that can he made
seriously on this curious passage, and I could produce
many similar ones ; and some, so very seniimonlal, that
I have heard rational men use the word indecent when
they mentioned them with disgust.
* Can yonGnu you ? would be the most emphatic
comment, were it drawled out in a whining voice.
(To be Continued.)
WOMAN'S BIGHTS IN THE PIFTEEN1H
CENTURY.
BY AGRIPPA.
(Concluded.)
CHAPTER m.
THE MENTAL CAPACITY OP "WOMAN FULLY EQUAL
TO THAT OP MAN, AS DEMONSTRATED BY HISTORY,
ANCIENT LAWS, ETC., ETC. PRESENT ERRORS
IN REGARD TO WOMAN, AND THE FALSE POSITION
IN WHICH SHE HAS BEEN PLACED, WITH CLAIMS
POE THE RESTORATION OF HER FORMER LIBERTY.
Bui lest it may be said that woman cannot accom-
plish all that man has done {has not his mental power),
let us prove by such examples as we have space to men-
tion that man has nevor undertaken anything grand or
remarkable in any sphere of action where woman has
not at some time been his successful competitor. First,
in tho sacerdotal office, many women among the pagans,
have acquired great renown in this sphere, as Melissa
priestess of Cybefie. Her name descended as a title to all
women fulfilling the pri'osfcly fuuctious. We find Hyper
cansfcria, priestess of MinervaMesa, priestess of Venus
Iphygenia, priestess of Dianaindeed, the priestesses
in pagan nations were v^ery numerous. Among the Jews
the sister of Moses entered iuto tho sanctuary with
Aaron, and was regarded as consecrated to the service of
God. Although in the Christian religion, the priestly
functions have been restricted to men, yet history
teaches us that a woman, haviug concealed her sex, ar-
rived at the dignity of Soverign Pontiff. Several women
of all nations have been remarkable for the gift of
prophecy. Such were Cassandra, the Sybils, Deborah,
tJlda, Anna, Elizabeth, Hildegarde, etc. Many women
have excelled in Magic I They have even surpassed
Zoroaster, who is said to be the first who ever applied
himself to this science. How many women have made
inconceivable progress in Philosophy I Such were Theam,
the wife of Pythagoras, and Dama his daughter, who ac-
quired great renown iu' developing and explaining the
principles of her father. We find also Aspasia and
Diotime, disciples of Sociates. Mantiuee, Philasie and
Axiochre, followers of Plato. Plotin eulogizes Genime
and Amphictee. The Catholic church extols St. Cather-
iuo, who surpassed in science all the philosophers of
her day. We must not forget Queen Zenobia, who was
the disciple of the philosopher Longin, who, on account
of her great advancement in the sciences, was renamed
Ephimisso. Nichomache has translated her exceUent
works. But let us pass to the domain of poetry and
eloquence. We meet at once Armesia, sumamed An-
drogeuia, Hortensie, Lucroce, Valere, Copiolle, Sappho,
Corinuo, Komaue, Erinne, Tesbia. Sallust makes men-
tion of Sempronia. Jurists produce Colplrarnie, and
though it is contrary to custom in our day, for women
to apply themselves to Belles Lcttresthere is a largo
number among women, who would blaze and sparkle
more brilliautiy than men, even in this sphere.
But if we desire examples of judgment in woman, we
find at bond Plotine, wife of TrugauAmalasunte,
Queen of the OstrogothsEmilia, daughter of Scipio.
We may mention Deborah, and the wife of Sabidoth, who,
as we read in the book of Judges, led the people of Israel
lor a long season, and adjudged all their disputations, and
even when Baraach did not w ish to give battle, this woman
was chosen to command the army, attacked the enemy,
put them to flight, and won a signal victory. We read
again in the book of Kings, that a woman named Attalia
reigned in Jerusalem, and judged the people seven
years. Wo see Semiramis, after the death of King
Sinus, governing the people for forty years. All the
Candaces held the government of Ethiopia with judgment
and eclat, they are mentioned in the Acts ol the Apostles*
and the historian Josephus gives remarkable accounts
of them. We will not omit the Queen of Sheba, who
came from the ends of the Earth to hear the wisdom of
Solomon, and this womau, according to our Saviours
words, will one day judge and condemn the men of Jer-
usalem. Women have also been illustrious in the field
of discoveries; as were Isis, and Nicartrate l Others have
founded empires and cities I as did Semiramis, Dido
and the Amazons! and all ancient literature teaches
us that woman had her place in such spheres. Women
have distinguished themselves in combat! Among others,
there is Chomivis, Queen of the Massagotes, who defied
Cyrus, King of PersiaCamille of the Volsques, and
Valisce of BcBme, were both powerful queens. There
are also the Pandes of the Indians, the Amazons, the
women of Semnos, of Persia, and other countries. History
also makes mention of many women, who, by their
courage and enterprise, have saved their country from
ruin ; witness Judith and Estherand in later days, the
maid of Orleans! who, though of humble origin, made
herself most illustrious. In the year 1428, the English
having penetrated into the heart of France, this young
girl, like a new Amazon, took arms, placed herself at the
head of the army, and fought with so muoli courage and
suocess, that after having vanquished the Euglish in
several engagements, she reconquered the French king-
dom, which had been well nigh lost. I could draw an
infiuity of examples from the histories of the Greeks and
Latins, and other nations, but this would lead me too
far. Plutarch, Valere, Boe^ce, and many others, recount
numerous histories of women, who gained themselves
great renown. Indeed, there is more to be said on these
subjects than I have said or can say in this simple
Treatise. I am not presumptuous enough to suppose
that I can include, iu so small a book, all the attributes
or noble examples of womanhood; for who would be
able to develop and present all that is great and noble in
her from whom we receive our birth, by whom the
human race is perpetuated, and through whom families*
apd thus the entire nations are maintained.
Moreover, we find that Lycurgus and Platothose an.
cient law-givers, men illustrious for their wisdom and
judgmentconvinced by the light of philosophy that
women are not inferior to men, either in mind, or power,
or dignity. We find that these men, the wisest sages of
antiquity, ordered that women should be discipliued
equally with menin contests and in all physical train-
ing! that they should learu the art of war, to draw the
bow, to throw darts, to use the sling, to cast stones, to
combat, whether on foot or on horseback, to arrange a
camp, to set an army in line of battle and lead it. lira
word, they decreed that all manly exercises should be
common to women. If we read reliable ancient history,
we shall see that the men of Getutie and of Bactrianes,
and of Gaul, and Spain, nearer our own day, too often
yielded to idleness and love of ease, and left the women
to cultivate tho fields, build houses, manage affairs,
make war, and assume all the duties which we delegate
tomenl While we may deprecate this, it at least proves
womans capability, equal to ours in these points. In
Cantubria (now known as Biscaie), even in our ageit is
man who must have a marriage dowrysisters make
their brothers marital selections, and daughters are the
first heirs. Among the Scythians, the Thracians and the
Gauls, men and women governed conjointly. Women
treated of peace and v ar, and had voice in all decisions
and deliberations. The treaty of the Celts with Hanni-
bal, is a proof of this. We quote it: If any Celt com-
plains of wrong on the part of a Carthagenian, the mag-
istrates and generals of Cartilage who may be in Spain
will be Judges. But if a Celt has done injustice tp a
Carthagenian, the women shall be Judges. But the
tyranny and ambition of man, have led him to assume
authority, against the order of God, and the institution
of nature I tho liberty which was formerly accorded to
woman, has boon taken from her. The universal cus-
tom of all people now rises in opposition to her ancient
liberty, and the manner In which women are reared
separates thenj farther and farther from it. In fact, a
daughter from her birth is doomed io ho confined to the
house, without ahy solid Or worthy occupation, and as
if she were capable of nothing more enndbling, she is
obliged to find her employment in needle and thread*
On reaching womanhood, she is confided to a husband.
The laws debar her from all puhlio functions. Whatever
mind she may have, she is not allowed to speak at the
bar ; no jurisdiction is accorded to her, no right of arhi- f
tration, of acceptance or of opposition ; no business is
confided to her; she can act neither as guardian or
healer, physician of the sick! she has no voice in legal
or criminal matters. The right of public instruction is
interdicted to woman, although Scripture says in Joel,
Thy daughters shall prophesy, and notwithstanding
that in the times of the Apostles, women taught publicly,
as we are told of Anna, the daughters of Philippe and
Priscilla. Our later legislators have been more ancient
yet still women are forced to submit to laws made for
them, as the conquered always yield to the conquerors.
They are not the laws of nature, or of the Creator! still
less of reason, but of an unfortunate custom, a fatal edu-
cation. But there are men who make use of Scripture
to exculpate them from the tyranuous authority they as-
sume over woman. They believe their domination es-
tablished in these words, which 'God addressed to Eve
after the fall; * Tby desire Bhall be to thy husband, and
he shall rule over thee. They have these words con-
tinually iu their mouth (proving as well, that before the
fall, certainly there could have beenuo such supremacy).
If we answer them, that Jesus Christ removed this curse*
they reply at once with this passage of at. Paul, That
wives mast submit to their husbands, that women
must be silent in the church. But whoever knows the
style of the Scriptures, and their manner ot speaking,
will easily see that these passages are only opposed to us
iu appearance. For it is the order of ecclesiastical dis-
cipline, that men may he preferred to women in the
sacred ministry, the same as the Jews preceded the Gen.
tiles in the order of the Promises; but we read also,
With God there is no respect of persons. There is
neither male nor female in Jesus Christ, but a new
creature. And these assumptions of authority may be
permitted to men, because of the hardness of their
hearts, which is the explanation our Saviour gives of
the law of Moses, allowing men to repudiate their wives,
which he strictly forbids. But that does not injure the
innate dignity of womanand even women shall judge
men, who thus deceive themselves. Will not tho Queen
of Sheba judge the men of Jerusalem ? Men, may we not
thus reason as well that, who being justified by faith,
are the children of Abraham, that is, the children of the
Promise, must also obey the order given by God to
Abraham ? In all that Sara has said unto thee, thou
shalt hearken to her voice.
Let us make here a synopsis of this Treatise. We have
proved the grandeur and excellence of woman, by the
name given to the first woman, by the order of time in
which she was created, by the matter of which she was
formed. We have also demonstrated it by proofs drawn
from relgion, nature, human laws, different authorities
and some examples. But it must be admitted, that there
is much more to be said. I have not undertaken this
Treatise through vanity, or for reward, but only for love
of truth, fearing, lest by keeping a criminal silence, I
should join in depriving a noble sex of its rights, and
might be guilty of burying the talent I received, having
better opportunity perhaps than is given to all to know
tiie proofs of the grandeur and excellence and high des-
tiuy of woman. If any other, more exact than I, shall
find other proofs, whijh might embellish this Treatise ;
far from regarding him as a critic, I should be gratified
if he would render by the light of his researches, this
little work richer and more complete.
WOMAN'S BIGHTS AND PROGRESS IN
SWITZERLAND.
To Mbs. E. Cady Stanton, of The Revolution
Bienne, Switzerland, 7th, 18G8.
Madame: About a week since I took the liberty of send"
tug to you (under cover) a circular of the Internationa j
Society of Women; also an article (written by myself) on
tho Emancipation of Women. Various circumstances
prevented me from writing at that lime, the letter which
should have accompanied them, requesting the publica-
tion-of both in your paper; whose appearance I have
hailed with actual joy.
To us, poor Europeans, held in subjection by an es-
tablished order, by habit, and by custom, you appear to
have accomplished a truly gigantic work. I hope that
you will succeed, and that your example will be imitated
here. My intention in establishing the International
Association of Women, has been to bring about, little by
little, the Revolution which (thanks to the independ'


f
9
fftbt JUvftJtttifttt
101
ence which you enjoy) you have at once inaugurated,
in the very inscription which you place at the head oi
your journal, Woman her rights, and nothing less.
Unfortunately, the apathy oE our sox, and above all, the
tyranny of husbands (among whom, indeed, are noble
exceptions)hinder women from declaring themselves
as your decided adherents. The greater part of our sex
await your success before they will announce themselves
in sympathy with you. They will appreciate you when
they shall see that you have actually accomplished some-
thing for them. Doubtless, this is not an admission
honorable to them, aud it may well appear to you and
your friends who stand in the breach, as traitorous ; but
to me, hearing and reading, as I do, every day the most
absurd theories on the incapacity of woman, it seems
evident that this apathy arises from inertness.
I pray you then, madam, to sot forth in 3 our paper, the
importance of our Association, and to make an appeal in
our favor, to the generosity oi your compatriots, in order
to sustain our efforts and enable us to continue them;
for you know that money is the nerve of war and the
condition of success.
Let me explain my desire more fully by the request
that you would suggest a special collection (as distinct
from the contributions of members) to be sent to me
directly.
The commencement of an enterprise is always its most
difficult era, and involves the greatest expenses. I should
ho very glad also to receive your journal, whose opportune
articles I would translate for the papers of our own con-
tinent. Awaiting a gracious response'on your part, I
pray you, madame, to accept the expression of all my
sympathy, and my most distinguished consideration.
Mame Goegg.
P. S. Be pleased to communicate the substance of this
I etterto your colleagues and friendsMiss Susan B. An-
thony, Olympia Brown, etc., etc.
CIRCULAR.
Madame : The women cf Geneva, anxious to make
known to their sex the noble ideas which the League of
Peace and Liberty seeks to diffuse among the masses,
have taken the initiative in forming an International As-
sociation of Women, having a Central Committee in com-
munication with the aforesaid League. They address
themselves, therefore, to all women, of all countries and
of all conditions, inviting them to join with them in or-
der to insure the success of this enterprise. Up to the
present time, women have been isolated, separated even
from each other by barriers that custom and prejudice
have rendered seemingly insurmountable, and this iso*
laliou has produced on amount of evil which this asso-
ciation will tend to diminish, and which it may be able
completely to annihilate. In thus asssociating them-
selves, women will come to know, to love, and to esteem
each other. The stronger will sustain the weaker, and all
encouraged, upheld, enlightened by each other, will re-
flect upon their families, and above all, upoa their chil-
dren, the benign influence of unity. Persuaded, also,
that the actual organization of society is responsible for
a port of the failings with which woman is reproached,
and which, unfortunately, casta shade over her virtues,
the founders of the International Association of Women
propose to themselves to labor to obtain for woman the
rights enjoyed by men in the state, as well as those which
pertain to labor and all vocations." We hold tbo convic-
tion that wo shall be sustained by all women, and wo,
therefore, address to you the iollowfng by-laws, urging
you, madame, to make them known to your friends, to
gather adherents, to ondeavor to form local committees
and to forward the result of your efforts to Madame
Mario Faucon, No. 9 lluc Mont Blanc, at Geneva (for
French and Italian distribution), or to Madame Marie
Goegg, Bienne, Switzerland (for English and German
distribution). Accept, madame, the. assurance of our
high consideration.
For lb* Central Committee of the Asssociation of
Women. PresidentMarie.Goegg.
G3!iovu, Juno, 1868.
STATUTES OP THEINTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP
WOMEN.
I.OBJECT.
Article 1.The International Society of Women
^forming a section of the League of Peace and Liberty)
has for its object the furtherance (by all the means in
its powor) of the efforts of the League, to insure to the
people Liberty, instruction, well-being und fraternal
uuioi:! also, tho association will labor for tho ameliora-
tion of the intellectual and social condition of woman.
n.MEANS OF ACTION.
Ab iclb monthly eonfettratioo of 20 coat* 1ft is*
cumbent on each member of the Association, from the
date of her admission.
Article 8.All voluntary contributions in money, of
whatever amount, will be gratofully received by tho
committee.
Article 4.Every member should concur conscien-
tiously, cheerfully and forcibly, to the work of the Asso-
ciation, by the following meansby constant endeavor
to secure new members, aud to augment the numbor of
subscribers to the paper, known as the United Slates of
Europe, Etats-Unis dEurope, the organ of the League of
Peace and Libertyand by efforts to secure the object
indicated in Article 1st, in all possible ways, as by lec-
tures, addresses, etc.
HI.ORGANIZATION.
Article 5.A Central Committee composed of several
ladies, holding its sessions at Geneva, is empowered to
receive the contributions of members, a'.l voluntary do-
nations, subscriptions to tho paper of the League (the
E'.ats-Unxs dEurope), and to attend to such claims as
may arise and to administer the business affairs oi the
Association. This committee acts independently, but it
will correspond with the Central Committee of the
League of Peace and Liberty in session at Berne, and
will forward to this latter committee the amount of the
contributions as is stipulated in Article 2.
Article 6.The comtuittee of Geneva will unite with
national and local committees, in all places where the
number of members shall be so great as to demand im-
mediate supervision. Such committees will corre-
spond with the Central Committee of Geneva, will send
thither a half yearly report on the number of their mem-
bers and the amount of their subscriptions to the Etats-
Unis dEurope, on their receipts of contributions and
voluntary subscriptions, and on the results of thoir labor
as prescribed by Article 4.
Article 7.A committee is appointe 1 for a year only,
but Its members are re-eligible.
Article 8.The ladies of the committee may hold an
extra session, whenever one of them shall judge such
session to be necessary.
Article 9.By special request, the names of the mem-
bers of the association and the names of the committee
shall not be published.
Article 10.Every year there shall be a general as-
sembly of delegates from all the branches of the associa-
tion, convened and presided over by the Central Com-
mittee, in order to hear, discuss, and act upon the gene-
ral annual report, to make new suggestions, and to elect
the new Central Committee for the following.year.
IV.SPECIAL DISPOSITION OP FUNDS.
Article 11.The Central Committee, its expenses and
those of the Local Committees being paid, shall use the
amount of the donations and contributions received dur-
ing this year for the benofit of the League of Peace and
Liberty, leaving to future general assemblies the de-
cision as to the use of funds thereafter received.
\
OLD MAIDS.
That there should exist a necessity for the vindication
of Old Maids is one proof of the imperfectly developed
civilization of this progressive century. To close our
eyes against an unpleasing fact and try lo persuade our-
selves that we do not recognize it as a tact, is foolish and
cowardly. The fact which-we would face just now, is
that tiie condition of tho unmarried woman, who is fax
enough past the bloom ol youth to be reckoned beyond
the probability of matrimony, is not respected, nay, is
held in the veriest contempt, notwithstanding what tho
press, the pulpit, law, literature, society, and the world
at largo may occasionally protend to the contrary. She
is, at best, a something to be only tolerated ; a cipher in
creation, whose sole use, if she have any, is to fill up
the vacant places of existence and, like the arithmetical
naught, impart to the significant figures of humanity a
value which she can never attain.
Let the world attempt lor once to render a fair reason
why it regards this class of women as special objects of
reproach. What is the only show of a rational answer
that it is able to make ? Since she has never been
chosen as a life companion, we infer that she laoks the
charms ar.d virtues which attract man to woman. A
hasty, wholesale interence this $ one which takes for
granted the infallibility of mans discrimination. When
we consider the multitude of imbeciles, termagants, un-
scrupulous intriguers, heartless, selfish, worse than
worthless women, who outer the lists of matrimony, we
have not the conscience to affirm the old maid just pos
sibly worse than these, and her opportunities less lor
victimizing (?) some man, had she seen flV unless we
altar her to hare been deficient la the degree of art to
which hei married sisters of that class must have at
tained, That, however, would be a concession in her
favor, so be careful how you make it. Having shown so
palpable a flaw of inconsistency in the sole indictment
upon which she is arraigned, it might seem superfluous
to investigate further. But being on the search for
truth, let us not pause till we find it. Let us
suggest all possible reasons that may have led
her into this unpardonable sin of omission. She
may have remained unmarried because sh£ had no ap-
preciation of, or faith in, the virtues of the voting sex.
Worse and worse 1. that she should presume to turn
the tables and bring lo bear against you, gentlemen,
your allegation against her. Man might forgive her un-
deservingness of him, but her depreciation of him,
never 1 With this excuse for her offonding, she need ex-
pect no mercy. Pass on 1 Sho may once have had her
hearts choice and lost him early; perhaps by death,
perhaps by opposing circumstances, perhaps by Lis own
treachery or inconstancy. None of these hypotheses are
disparaging lo her. -But stop, says her opposcr j
might not the loss proceed Jrom misconduct on her
part? how then? Why in that case she had at
least principle enough left to keep nor a penitent old
maid ; so do not impute as a crime her one solitary vir-
tue. Again : a woman may be so situated in life, so en-
vironed with cares claiming her exclusive regard, that
the opportunity of marriage is far removed from her,
and she chooses to pursue the line of duty marked out
straight before her rather than forsake it to attain a new
objeot, preferring the lot of a conscientious maidto that
of a wedded lady of a style we leave you to depict.
I come now to the last possibility : she may have
made hep ideal choice, and set up iu her soul her model
of the maD who alone could keep it compauy, and never
on her way through life finding the real of her idea), she
cleaves with constancy to that ideal as better than an un-
congenial real. Oh! such women as these are prized
lar below their value : theirs not transcendentalism or
romance, but pure spiritual wisdom. They are the pure
of heart, who feel with the instinctive horror of purity
the misery and shame of a marriage that can never be
true in the sight of God. They know the needs of their
nature, and will not offer it a stone for bread. Young
maids I go to them and gather in of their wisdom : marry
the man lor whom you are adapted, or marry not at all.
Happy will be the time when woman shall have full lib-
erty to choose a purpose in life aside from promiscuous
marriage, that the number of wtctched unions aud their
fatal consequences may be diminished and the world re-
lieved of a proportion of its misery. The professions of
the lawyer and the physician may suffer, we grant, when
there are fewer of the diseased and vicious to fill up
hospitals and prisons, but earth will not smile the less
on that account Tyranny (reacts ; and the world is pay-
ing the just penalty of the Herod-like policy which has
prompted it to murder the genius of woman.
As a hopeful sign for the future, however, the present
century is beginning to be ashamed of its injustice to
her, and even blushes sometimes when caugbt iu the
act, aud makes clumsy excuses, if not downright de-
nials. The Middle Ages were not disturbed by these
scruples. In the glorious days of chivalry, when men
were sworn to be loyal to God and the ladies,(!) an
old maid was a rare anomaly. Woman had two alterna-
tives : submit to a lord and master in the g uise of a hus-
band, or to the holy church, tyranny's right hand,
and take tho veil, bury herselt ahv6 as a thing in
whose creation God had committed a blunder. But the
usages of good old times are passing away, and the nine-
teenth century surmises that the old maid has a mission
of some sort and a place iu tho world somewhere, though
what the mission and where the place it has not under-
taken to discover. Possibly, when this discovery is
made, as it has been in individual cases, the reproach
and contompl which attach to her condition will be no
more. But man is in no hurry to make it. Why should
ho seek to removo tho stigma from the woman whose
very condition implies a slight which his vanity cannot
forgive? Tho earth is man's and the fulucss thereof: is
it to be expected, however modest his self-appreciation,
that ho will concedo to woman, aside from himself, any
right or mission upon his earth ? Was she not created
for me ? he argues : and failing me, what use in life
can she claim ? So long as woman herself, his parasite
and passive follower for some thousands of years, bows
an acquioscence to the first question of his argument, she
must submit to the logical deduction implied in the se-
cond. Says Tennysons Princess, speaking in re-
ference to her own sex :
Not Vdssals to bo beat, nor pretty babes
To be dandled; no! but living wills and sphered
Whole in ourselves and owed to none/'
Uhtti woigfta oaa roj-att hvtstfl imhl$ fair


102
$be fttMltttitftt.
never, outside the sphere of marriage, feel herself to be
other than a cumberer of the earth, tolerated by mans
indifference as any insignificant animal would be that
keeps out of his path. A noble position for a creature
of divine cssenco and immortal destiny 1 Is it a wonder
that sho who submits to fill it, is despised? she who,
failing to fulfill the one mission allotted to .her sex,
feebly sinks into nothingness rather than fight her way
into another and win the worlds respect in its very de-
spite ?
Woman, whether maid, wife, or widow, as an indivi-
dualized being, endowed with soul and intelleot as well
as body, must have some aim in life adequate to the em-
ployment and consequent develpment of these powers,
if she would not be a cipher indeed, false to the design
of her creation. The world, catering to external conven-
tionalisms and smothering its instinctive recognition of
this truth, has continued to despise woman for being
what it compels her to be. That man was made for
something, it has always admitted, but for woman, aside
from physical motherhood, it is just beginning to con-
cede the possibilty of such a fact. Here, then, is the
secret of the time-honored popular prejudice against the
old maid ; a prejudice which is but truth in a fog, an ef-
fect that vaguely guesses at its cause. There will be no
slur, open or covert, against her when she learns to mark
out the liue of life that her intuition directs and follow
the purpose she creates therein with the very devotion
of a mother, as sho truly is to that child of her intel-
lect and soul. I speak with knowledge, for such wo-
men, though few, have dawned upon the world and if.
has bowed before them in instinctive reverence for their
genius and courage.
Let womans native talent lead her where it will, it is the
prompting of the God within, and, left free, never makes
mistakes. Whether the chosen path be literature, legis-
lation, science, the professions, the useful or the beauti-
ful arts, let her follow, and it will crown her brow with
the dignity of purpose, and make strong her soul in the
calm consciousness of selfhood. Then only will the
phrase old maid, applied to her, cease to be a synonym
for oontempt; she can see her early youth depart, leav-
ing her unmated in the flesh, and will not be tempted
into falsehood and deceit to persuade the world that she
is not yet under its interdiot. When you, ye persecutors,
censure a woman for her folly and weakness in concealing
her age, think of this and blame yourselves : repent, do
her justice, and she will be truthful. Who has not the
instinct to shrink from and put off an evil day? Cease
to make an evil day of the noontide of her life and she
will greet it as cheerfully as if it were her girlhoods
hopeful dawn. e* m. h.
PARTIES AND THE REVOLUTION.
Editors of Uie Revolution :
I have long contemplated giving some suggestions on
the above topics in your paper, and now a special invi-
tation from Mrs. Stanton determines me to write at
once. I have noticed with pain from time to time in
your columns credit given where I deem it not due, and
censure bestowed where it was, in my opinion, alike un-
merited. I do not now allude to the utterances of Mr.
G. F. Train, for which you are not responsible, but to
editorial words and those of Miss Anthony, the propri-
etor of the paper.
I. I notice censure cast upon the republican party as
a whole because black men, in such northern states as
are governed by republicans, do not vote, whereas the
fact is well known that, in this and in other states the
party, as such, nas fully committed itself to negro suf-
frage, Acre, as as well as at the south ; but as the ques-
tion must be submitted to the direct vote of the people,
enough of the camp-followers of the party join with the
democrats to defeat the negros enfranchisement. Surely
the burden of guilt lies with the democrats who openly
commit themselves for a white mans government and
not with the republicans who as a party, both north and
south, are for negro suffrage.
H. I also notice that you seem to regard the democrats
as more favorable .to womans enfranchisement than the
republicans; partly because, in the distant past they
removed restrictions upon the franchise for white men,
and partly because they sometimes present petitions
with more aitention to their contents than republicans
give them. It is a sufficient answer to the first claim
that the democracy of to-day is quite another and a dif-
ferent thing from that of forty years ago ; and to the
second to say that from the known hostility of that
party to womans voting, democratic members of Con-
gress can present any amount of petitions for thatcau6e
without incurring a shadow of suspicion of favoring the
prayer of the petitioners ; whereas a republican mem-
ber may be supposed to favor that prayer and even to
favor making the enfranchisement of women a party
question at the present time if he takes much notice of
the petitions. Democrats delight in getting up discus-
sions on such matters that they may get honest out-
spoken men, like Senator Wade, to commit themselves
for Female Suffrage, that they, the democrats, may excite
odium against the party to which these radicals belong
on account of these utterances. But when and where
did any leading democrat commit himself to womans
cause ? And is it not very ungrateful in the advocates of
woman to bestow compliments all unmerited on iheir
most bitter enemies and to denounce as they sometimes
do that party which is certainly iar more friendly to
their claims ? If as many leading democrats as repub-
licans had expressed approval of womans claims the
case would be barely altered ; but for us to rim to our
bitter enemies with charges against all the friends we
have among politicians, seems at least very foolish.
There are many reforms yet to come ; but as we can-
not hope to carry all of them at once, had we not better
secure such as we can now, knowing that every triumph
of justice and equal rights gives us a firmer foothold on
which to struggle for future victories? The rebellion
loosened the chains of the slave and the necessity of a
loyal, voting element at the south made his enfranchise-
ment an act of self-preservation, as well as of imperative
duty. I know you would not have the lately enslaved
handed over to the power of their late masters (their
enemies and ours), because of their enforced ignorance.
And the deliverance of woman will not be retarded but
hastened by justice to the black men. The democratic
party has earned for itself a record in the last thirty
years, which it would seem should repel the advances
of any class of people who seek championship lor the
oppressed. It was, therefore, with pain that I witnessed
Susan B. Anthony, who has long since endeared herself
to the friends of the slave for her noble efforts in his be-
half, stooping from her high eminence to ask the party
identified with the slaveholders rebellion, with mobs
against abolitionists, with free trade in rum, with the
New York riots, murders and arsons of 63, and in short
with opposition to all reform and progressit was with
pain and humiliation I say that I saw her turn to that
party for help for women, and attempt to win its favor
by dwelling In sarcastic terms upon the faults, real or
supposed, of the party which has put down the rebellion,
emancipated and enfranchised the slave, and which, if
either, must be depended on to enfranchise woman.
Had she simply asked them, as the good may always
ask the bad, to repent, it would have been in place: but
to flatter them and denounce the party of progress as
she did in her letter seems hardly consistent with in-
tegrity to the right. Suppose G. F. Train has done
much for Womans Bights, the whole party has no
credit for that. And Horatio Seymour, whom you call
New Yorks favorite sou, has done more to curse
and degrade woman in vetoing the prohibitory law when
Governor of this state than merely presenting ten
thousand such letters to the democratic convention
could ever atone for. Besides be presented that letter
not from any sympathy with Womans Wrongs, but as
evidence of dissension among the radicals which might
give the party of reaction and despotism a better chance
to succeed. For the democratic party, so far as it has
an idea, is essentially the party of reaction; the party of
the deadpasl; whereas the distinctive idea of the repub-
lican party (I am sorry it is not always true to its idea)
is progress. The former is the aristocratic, the latter, in
theory at least and to a good degree in practice, the
party of the people.
IH. It seems to me that on the question of finance
the republican party is not amenable to the severe stric-
tures I sometimes see in The Revolution.
We were compelled, in the war, to borrow money on
large interest. Exemption of bonds from taxation was
a part of that interest. Besides, the Supreme Court of
the nation has decided that U. S. bonds cannot be taxed.
I know the leaders of the republican party are at least
as fully identified with the masses of the people and
their wants as those of the opposite party, and will do
what can in honor be done to lighten their burdens.
But it does not lie in tbe mouths of that party thatmade
the rebellion and fougbt it out, and whose yet unrepent-
ant chiefs are now among its magnates to complain be-
cause of the taxes which the rebellion made necessary.
I do not, in conclusion, ask that the republican party
shall be exempt from criticism 5 but I do ask that you
shall not forget nor ignore the patent facts in the his-
tory ol parties for the last eight years ; and that, if you
cannot support either party, you shall tell your readers
that about all the champions of womans cause in this
country and in Europe either belong to or sympathize
with the republican party; and that, were a vote to be
taken to-morrow, for every democrat voting for Womans
Bights you would find at least onehundredrepublicans;
and then act as these facts indicator
Hike The Bevolution in many respects, but it
does seem to me that not simply G. F. Train but even
the editors and proprietor get sadly off the track some-
times.
You know I write not as an enemy but as a friend';
and we read that faithful are the wounds of a friend,
but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.
Yours for allrights, 0. A. Hammond.
Peterboro, N. Y., July 28, 1868.
P. S. I have obtained quite a number of subscribers
to The Revolution but nary democrat,
0. A. H.
A NEW POLITICAL PARTY,
----------------
B7 GEORGE HASKELL, M. D.
Blue Anchor, Camden Co., N. J., July 30, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution .*
I am an advocate of equal rights for man and woman.
When woman takes her place by the side of man in
national affairs, disgraceful scenes of rowdyism will be
less frequent in our public assemblies.
Tbe time has come for the organization of a new poli-
tical party, based upon equal justice to all, where
woman can aocompany man to the ballot-box and de-
posit her vote with equal honor and respect. Let such
a new party be inaugurated at once, ahd old, corrupt
politicians will be astonished at its progress. Thousands
are ready, waiting lor action, longing for it. Let a con-
vention be called, and the subject be fully and fairly
discussed, and the work of true reform commenced.
Decisive action must come. It is only a question of
time. Why wait ? I never was a politician, but I feel
pn interest in our countrys welfare and long and hope for
better times.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN THE FAR WEST.
Virginia City, Nevada, July 24,1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
Your California correspondent is quite right in indi-
cating that the Womanhood Suffrage movement has
reached this coast, despite the denial of the Alta Cali-
fornia and kindred old fogy sheets. During the Nevada
Legislative Session of 67, Senator Charles A. Sumner
gave notice of a resolution amending the Constitution
of this State so as to permit all persons of age to
vote who were not disqualified by idiocy, or the com-
mission of crime, etc., as per manhood suffrage excep-
tions of date. The resolution was not introduced, as it
was then too late in the session to press the proposition
with chance of success. The Gold Hill Hews when
edited by Mr. Sumner, and the Nevada Enterprise when
edited by Mr. Putnam, strongly advocated Womanhood
Suffrage, and it is probable that the subject will be
mooted in the Legislature of 69.
I hope and believe that Nevada will be among the first
to permit our white sisters of twenty-one years to vote.
Yours, . Frater.
REUNION COMMUNITY.
Centre Creek P. 0., Jasper Co., Mo.,)
Aug. 3, 1868. j
Editors of the Revolution :
We, in our new home, are pleased to meet the clean
face, tidy appearance and staunch ability which The
Revolution (the people's paper) presents. It puts
one in mind of a tidy, well-dressed, well-mannered and
well-educated young lady, who is equally at home in the
parlor, or in the kitchen, at the piano, or at the wash-
tub. Wherever she is, she knows her duty and does it,
and in knowing her duty, knows also her rights, and
knowing, dares maintain them. The Revolution
Is, in fact, the only out-and-out liberal, progressive pa-
per in the UDited States in which equal justice is
claimed for all. We think we are not exaggerating when
we state that five years will not pass before Female Suf-
frage will be a fixed fact in the United States ; then
Other reforms will soon follow. What a glorious part
The Revolution will have taken in the accomplish-
ment of these grand results I
We, too, are engaged in a work of reform, located in a
mild and healthy latitude, rich soil and liberal neigh-
borhood. We have 160 acres of good prairie land, 8,000
to 10,000 of the beet varieties of grape-vines, fruit trees
and small fruits, a good garden and several acres of cornf



103
potatoes and otlier crops. We are about building a
bouse and would like those who wish to secure a pleas-
ant and agreeable winter home, to send on their appli-
cations as soon as possible that we may build large
enough to accommodate all who are admitted. The Re-
union Community is a permanent institution. Our
agreement guaranties equal and just rights to all mem-
bers, male and female.
All business letters relating to community affairs will
be promptly attended to if addressed to Wm. Chestnut,
Center Creek P. O., Jasper Co., Mo-, and containing
twenty-five cents.
We will be pleased to act as agent for The Revolu-
tion. If agreeable, please send a few copies as speci-
mens. s. D.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
MR. TRAIN'S EXERTIONS TO RELEASE COSTELLO AND
\
WABREN. JOHN STUART MILL ASKS MR. TRAINS
QUESTION, AND LORD MATO GIVES AN EVASIVE
ANSWER.MR. VANCE, M.P., GOVERNMENT SUP-
PORTER, IGNORES MB. TRAIN, BY CALLING HIM
MR. NEVIN.MR. TRAIN REJOINDERS ON MR.
QUILP WITH COMPOUND INTEREST.COMMENTS
OP THE IRISHMAN.WILL THE AMERICAN GOV-
ERNMENT ACT FOR THE HONOR OP THE NATION.
MY PLATFORM IS THAT OF THE IRISH PEOPLE.
GRANT OR SEYMOUR.THE PARTY-THAT DOES THE
MOST FOR OUR ADOPTED CITIZENS.
Dublin, Four Courts, Marshalsea, )
July 29, 1868. f
OUR ADOPTED CITIZENS.
Editors of the Revolution :
The Eevolution will elevate our citizen-
ship, by educating our people. P. P. means
push and pray. But push comes first. E. C. S.
means Either Chase or Seymour, but Chase is
first and all the time. The resolutions in both
Conventions and in Congress, aboa" our
adopted citizens are all Bogus. Buucombe,
Clap trap. Will the Irish be hood-winked
again? Will they vote with either party that
sells them out to England ? or will they vote for
Ireland and stand by America? E. C..S. or
Nagle was the sacred fire. I am working alone.
One man can do much, but with a cowardly
government to'back him and dishonest states-
men to depend upon, it takes more time than it
should to maintain the honor of my flag and
nation. Givis Americanus Sum must be the
watch-word of the Future.
COSTELLO AND WARREN STILL IN THE BASTILE OF
OUR NATURAL ENEMY.
When I was arrested Lord Mayo stated there
were ninety-six untried Fenians in jail, including
the Jacknel men. Yesterday, Charles OConnell
called upon me, the last to.be discharged, say-
ing, Well, Mr. Th'a&n, I am a deputation of the
last four to be released to thank you for what you
have done for us and Ireland. We are all out of jail
through your bold demands, and you still remain
in prison /
No American has been arrested since I was
taken at Cork. No Americau even has been in-
sulted when landing at Queenstown since that
day. And now we hear of nothing but banquets
to Longfellow and Field, and 4kour dear
cousins, that we love as our own kindred. **
I sent you my correspondence with John
Stuart Mill and other members of Parliament,
regarding Costello and Warren. The cable will
have told you the result. God knows how long
this Tom Foolery will last at Washington. But
the record may as well appear in The Revo-
lution.
AMERICAN CITIZENS IN ENGLISH JAILS.THE CASE
OF WARREN AND COSTELLO BEFORE THE ENGLISH
HOUSE OF COMMONS. THE TIME NOT YET COME
FOR OPENING THEIR PRISON DOORS.
In tho House of Commons on Thursday night, Mr.
Jobn Stuart Mill (in accordance 'with the promise which
he gave to Mr. G. F. Train) asked the Chief Secretary for
Ireland if her Majestys government will take into iavor-
able consideration the question whether the time has ar-
rived when the very heavy sentences passed on Warren
and Costello, the only two persons of the crew of the
Jacknel who have not been released, may be remitted or
mitigated ?
The Earl of MayoI am glad the honorable gentleman
has asked me the question. The prisoners to whom he
reiers were convicted of coming to Ireland in an armed
vessel with the intention of innfllngr for the purpose of
raising an insurrection in that portion of her Majestys
dominions. The only evidence of their proceedings in
America was that they were members of the Fenian
Brotherhood there prior to March, 1867. This evidence
was necessary in order to conoect them with the Fenian
conspiracy. Their case in reality did not differ in any
considerable degree from that of the great mass of the
other Fenian prisoners brought to trial in this country.
With reference to the question of the honorable gentle-
man, I fear that, regard being had to all the circum-
stances, the time has hardly yet come to enter into the
consideration of the sentences passed on Fenian prison-
ers, with a view to their mitigation or remission. I can-
not see that any difference can be made in the cases of
Warren and Cbstello.
Not much, but something. Mr. Mill declined
to do more than ask the question, but that is
more than Bright or any other of our assumed
friends would do.
LETTER FROM GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.JOHN
STUART MILL, MR. TRAIN, AND COSTELLO AND
WARREN.
Four Courts Marshalsea, July 17.
Dear Irishman You have seen seen Mr. Mills ques-
tion, in re Warren and Costello, and Lord Mayos reply,
in ibis mornings papers. The mountain has beeQ io
labor and a mouse is born. Joy to the world! Mother
and child are doing well. Suppose Warren and Costello
were Fenians in America, what is that to England ? As
well arrest Senator Coanes3, an Irishman, or Congress-
man Robinson, an Irishman, should they land at Sligo,
Queenstown, or Dungarvin, they having used war words
against England in America. No difference betweeu these
men and others ? Bah / Are they not American citizens ?
To arms, Americans 1 To arms! I Were they at the
Tallaght rising ? No difference. Did they have papers,
revolvers, and munitions ofwar? No difference. Did
Costello' and Warren, by word or act m Ireland, conspire
against the government ? Ag im Time hardly come."
When will it? Twelve yearsfifteen yearsor when ?
Is there then a doubt about the legality or arrest ? Has
the Cabinet, then, been discussing the matter? Does
Lord Mayo dare to insinuate that be will arrest another
American citizen for words spoken in America?
These men were convicted of n d act in British waters
Buckley, the iniormor, even refusing to swear anything
of the kind. Lord Mayos government must must give up
the men, or America will immediately declare war.
No nonsense. In the name of tho American people who
vote in Novemberin the name of one million of Irish
voters, I say give up the men, or I hereby, in their
name, declare war against England. God save Ireland.
George Francis Train.
THE COWARDICE AND TRICKERY OF THE GOVERN-
MENT.
No stronger evidence is wanted of the power
of an idea, Civis Americanus Sum, than to see one
of the government hacks go so far oat of his
way to oall George Francis Train Mr. Neviu, in
order to insult and iujure Mr. Mill.
THE FENIAN PRISONERS, WARREN AND COSTELLO.
Mr. Vance asked tho honorable gentleman for Westmin-
ster whether it is true, as reported in the Irishman news-
paper, Utli July, that he wrote a letter to Mr. Nevin,
dated the 2d July, in which he objected to ask a ques-
tion concerning the convicts Warren and Costello, be-
cause be thought that asking the question publicly could
do the prisoners no good, aad would only enable the
government to claim and obtain credit for clemency.
Mr. John Scuart Mill saidI behove I am not nnder
any obligation to answer the question which has been
put to me by tbe honorable geutleman opposite, but at
the same time 1 have no objection whatever to stato that
I have not seen the article in question in the Irishman,
and that I have not corresponded either with that journal
or with Mr. Nevin. But I did write a letter to a triend
o f tbe prisoners Warren and Costello, which contained
some words bearing some resemblance to the words
which the honorable gentleman has quoted. Having
been asked to put a question to ihegovernmenton their
behalf? I thought it better in the first instance to put a
cas3 before the friends of the prisoners, in order to ascer-
tain whether in their opinion it was desirable that tbe
question should be asked. Whatever, therefore, were
the words actually used, and I have not kept any copy of
them, 'Jie construction put upon them by tbe honorable
gentleman the member for Armagh is an extremely in-
accurate statement of my sentiments. It infers that I
was unwilling to ask a question in reference to the pris-
oners, whereas the fact is, that I did ask the question,
and that the right honorable gentleman the Secretary
for the Home Department gave me an answer. With re-
gard to the allegation conveyed in the question to me,
that 1 thought that asking the question ol the govern-
ment would only enable them to claim and obtain credit
for clemency', I have only to say that I have no objection
whatover, that the government should claim credit for
any meritorious act that they may perform in reference to
this or to any other matter (hear, hear).
Thomas Francis MacCarthie, editor of the
Irishman and special reporter of the levees that
attract so much attention in Ireland, picks up
the government members in this style.
Who is Mr. Nevin, and where does he live when he is
at home? Mr. Vance, one of our enlightened represen-
tatives, seems to know him ; but every one else ap-
pears to be sunk in profound ignorance respecting him.
In the House of Commons on Tuesday night. Mr. Vance
asked Mr. Mill whether he wrote a letter to Mr.
Nevin on the 2d Jnly, relative to the case of Messrs.
Warren and Costello, in which he made use of certain
expressions, and Mr. Mill replied that he had not writ-
ten to Dir. Nevin, but that he had written on tho day
mentioned to a triend of Warren and Costello, relative
to their case. The report is similar in all the papers.
Now, Mr. Vance stated that he quoted the letter whicL
he read from the Irishman of Saturday last, in which it
appeared with other letters on the same subject, in the
report of Mr. George Francis Trains Levee. Mr. Vance
could not surely have mistaken Mr. Trains name for
.that of Mr. Nevin, for though-blind enough in political
matters, his visual organs are none of the worst. He
must have seen that the letter was addressed to Mr.
Train, but perhaps he wishes to ignore Mr. Train alto-
gether, and invent a mythical correspondent for Mr.
Mill. Was this because Mr. Traiu has made himself in-
conveniently prominent on behalf of the Fenian prison-
ers, and that, as a loyal man, he could not conscien-
tiously give him credit for his exertions? Ic would
seem so, but, as Mr. Trains letter had previously ob-
tained a wide-spread circulation through the Irishman,
the little trick by which Mr. Vance endeavored to ig-
nore him was not an over-sensible one ; and we think it
would have been just as well for Mr. Mill to have stated
in reply to him : I did not write to Mr. Nevin, but I
did write to Mr. Train, instead of beating about the
bush, as he did.
John Bright is out in the London Slav in a
leader on my Irish address, Dont Vote at the
Coming Election. Let the galled jade wince.
MR. TRAIN AFTER MR. VANCE WITH A SHARP STICK.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, )
July, 23, 1863. }
Dear Irishman : Fire a stone among a pack of dogs,
the one thats bit is sure to howl. The Levees are cut-
ting right and left. Night before last the Irishman is
quoted in Parliament, and yesterday the Star gives a
leader on my Dont Vote at Elections address, which
first appeared in Irishman Levee. The shoddy M.P. for
Annagh (of Leeds), not Jolly Nash, but the Great
Vance, calls me Mr. JMevin in his question re Cos-
tello and Warren, so ably and satirically answered by
Mr. Mill. As this Mr. Quilp was one of the rojeefcod six
of Dublin, wo will trjr and m Armagh,
For while the Orange light holds out to burn.
The vilest Saxon may return !
Siucerely, George Francis Train.
The papers say it is in contemplation to erect
an Inebriate Asylum at Binghamton lor women,
to be under the supervision of Dr. Day, the
Superintendent ot ilie present State Inebriate
Asylum of that city. Why not pnt the inebriate
men, then, under tbe care of women.


104

CkjltDolntintt.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PIIiLSBURY, J ^rtors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, AUGUST 20, 1868.
Caution.In remitting money through the
Post Office to The Revolution, the only safe
way is by Registered Letter or Post Office
Money Order. This suggestion cannot be ob-
served too strictly.
WORK AND TEE WORKERS.
Last Wednesday evening we attended a mon-
ster mass meeting of the Workingmen of New
York and vicinity at Cooper Institute. At, not
in the Institute; for even that vast catacomb
could not contain the half who assembled. So
a meeting was organized outside amid glare of
calcium, gas and Chinese lantern lights and
transparencies, with bands of music and orators
of all calibre and capacity to wake the multi-
tude, so numerous that an earnest Emeraldian
near us said he believed the house was fuller
outside than it was in. We. did not hear much
of the outside speaking, but wbat we did hear,
was well aud wisely done. Inside, the gather-
ing would have done credit to any class or party
of the American people. The officers chosen
and duly installed, a series cf resolutions was
introduced, among which were the two follow-
ing that were received with cheering loud and
long :
Resolved, That the low wages, long hours, and damag-
ing service to which multitudes of working girls and
women are doomed, destroy health, imperil virtue, and
are a standing reproach to civilization ; that we would
urge them to learn trades, engage in business, join our
Labor Unions, or use any other honorable means to per-
suade or foice men to render unto every woman accord-
ing to her works.
Resolved, That in reducing the wages of government
employees, Gen. Schofield, by his uncalled, for parsimony,
has not proved bimeelf a friend to the working man ;
and that, if economy is to be the order of the day, it
6bould commence with the generals before it comes down
to the privates.
The resolutions were all good and well re-
ceived, but none brought down the applause
like these two. We regretted but did not wonder
that so few women were present, as they are not
yet generally recognized as any part of the labor
interest. It will be discovered, however, per-
haps soon, that they are not only of the labor-
ing class, but so terribly of it as to be beyond
the reach of the eight hour law. For alas, how
many of us must go supperless to bed, if woman
shall attempt the benefit of that statute!
A more orderly assembly is never seen than
was that at Cooper Institute, and much of the
speaking wag capital. We never were more
glad and proud to be identified with the labor-
ing classes than then and there, though in our
early and out-door life, eight horns a day was
never thought of but in a compound sense,
eight hours in the forenoon and eight in the
afternoon. The first money we ever earned
after one and twenty, was at Horace Greeleys
favorite amusement, chopping wood in the
woods. It was in winter, at eight dollars a
month and hoarded. About the hours, it is
true to say We ate breakfast and supper by can-
dle-light, and walked to and from work in the
twilights before and after sunshining. It was a
hard, slow way to begin the world and make a
livelihood, but we had a good deal of that ex-
perience in early life, and know whereof we
speak when talking on the question of labor.
When we claim to sympathize with the laboring
classes, it is no empty sham or pretence, for we
have trodden that wine-press with the weariest.
We have drank that sacrament to the bitterest
dregs. Our sympathy with the laboring classes
is of that kind the English langaage was not
made to describe. Here began our first interest
in the cause of the southern slave. Nor will
that interest in the general question of labor
cease, till labor ceases to be a drudgery or neces-
sity and becomes a pleasure and luxury of which
no mortal man or woman will willingly be de-
prived.
Labor, which should be mans greatest bless-
ing, has become a tri-headed curse. A vast
multitude are frightfully overworked. Another
multitude die lingeringly but prematurely from
idleness and luxurious inactivity. Then, to
complete the triune woe, a fearful, forlorn pro-
cession wander up and down, haggard, hungry,
perishing even, seeking not rest but work, and
finding, alas, none! Of these last, some are
women, many are children, and many more,
perhaps, able-bodied men. Many of the women
are, or were once, beautiful, are still accom-
plished, and capable of the very best human
service. But nobody wants them. The Re-
volution office, naturally enough, is one of
their resorts. No week, almost no day passes
when we do not have applications from some if
not from all these classes for employment. It
is the saddest spectacle on which our eye looks.
Has not Carlyle somewhere pronounced it the
saddest on which man, or the pitying heavens
look? True, is it not, that of such at last is
the kingdom of drunkenness, ol prostitution,
of crime and of suicide!
These working mens protective associations
and monster meetings, are the first natural,
legitimate protests against oppression. In
slavery, they were not possible. ,Nothing
there was possible as deliverance, and so the
gods shivered the many-headed monster, like
Typpon with the thunderbolt of war. Twenty-
five million workers in France, ground between
church and state like upper and nether mill-
stone unwelded their chains in the lurid fires of
French Revolution. What other resort or remedy
had they under a despotism hardened by ages of
unbridled sway ?
With us, it is not so. Standing on republican-
ism as an eternal rock, the working myriads hold
a power to defy the world. They need no firey
revolution, no thunderbolt of war. It is true
that one man often owns the wealth produced
by hundreds. In southern slavery, one man
often held the wealth of hundreds then living,
and of other hundreds, dead. And such men
regarded all workers, all producers of wealth, as
the mere mud-sills of society. But now, and
bore in New York, in New England, all over the
West, labor is still tbe bom thrall of capital
Factory owners in all great establishments grow
rich, live in palaces, ride in chariots, travel
abroad, surround themselves with every ele-
gance and luxury, educate their sons (if they
are born or become equal to it;, and dying, be-
queath large sums, no dollar of which was their
own, to institutions, reared and supported for
the sons of other rich men like themselves, and
moulder at last beneath the proudest monu-
ments in the cemetery. And the multitude who
produced all those vast estates by hard, honest,
grudgingly as well a# seantilypaid toil, are ox
pected to stand at humble, respectful distance,
and mourn as though these were the benefac-
tors instead of the scourges of the ages.
What pleased us most of all at the Cooper In-
stitute meeting was, the c onstant exhortation to
moderation and wisdom in making demands,
and a firm determination to deserve well of all
with whom they had dealings. And above all,
by temperance and sobriety, as well as by hon-
est industry, to improve their condition in the
fastest possible manner. One excellent speaker
testified, that since the adoption of the eight
hour system, in the calling to which he belong-
ed, careful observation bad demonstrated that
intemperance had gradually decreased ; more
self-respect was everywhere apparent among
the workmen, and employers admitted that
they were never so well pleased and satisfied
with their workmen before. Every word in
favor of abstinence from intoxicating drinks was
loudly cheered, until al times, we almost fancied
we were in an old-fashioned Temperance Con-
vention.
Such men need no war to redress their wrongs.
A more excellent way is within their reach. This
truly monster meeting, in numbers, was called
and conducted independently of all political
party or preference whatsoever. There seemed
a wise and bold determination to take their work
wholly into their owu hands. Let them keep to
that determination. The existing parties, and
nearly every one of their leaders and chiefs have
long been tried, weighed and found wanting.
These have squandered or grown rich on wealth
they never earned. Let them not be trusted
longer.
Some excellent suggestions were made, too,
about bringing into the circle of favorable con-
sideration, the Germans, and all those not yet
familiar with the English language more than
with the laws and customs of the country.
Surely, these will not be overlooked. Pre-emi-
nently also should the working women hold
high place in every movement and measure, for
the amelioration and elevation of labor. Nor
should the long, unpitied,' unpaid workers on
southern plantations be longer despised and
forgotten. Humanity is one the world over.
The interests of labor are one and inseperable.
God has joined them together, man cannot put
them asunder. If one member sutler, by all
the laws of nature and natures God, the other
members mast suffer with it. All the others.
The least of all the others, sure as the fiat of Him
without whose Almighty notice no sparrow falls
to the ground.
A glorious boon is before the workingmen
and women of the nation, if they will but deserve
it. With industry, unity, harmony, temperance,
brotherly fellowship and friendship, and the
whole law-making power in their own right
hand, what can withstand them ? And with jus-
tice and righteousness as their underpinning
principles, omnipotence is pledged for their
final triumph. p. p.
The Pounos or The Revolution.A
friend writes us that as Miss Anthony, in the
midst of a speech in the New York State Teach-
ers Association at Owego, recommended The
Revolution to the women teachers, a school-
master, anxious to confuse the audience and
confound Miss A., asked, in a triumphant tone,
what are the politics of The Revolution
to which, with her usual promptness, Miss A.
replied, Exact and Equal Justice to every
human being under the government of the
United States.-


Ju gUMlutiaa.
105
AGRICULTURE FOR WOMEN.
The Springfield (Mas**.) Republican calls ear-
nestly on the Trustees of Amherst Agricultural
College to extend its privileges to women. It
adds, quite unnecessarily ; We do not expect
our women will ever undertake the hard and
dirty work of a farm, and do not want to have
them. It is to be hoped, on every account,
that female labor in the fields will never be
necessary or tolerated here as in Europe. Nor
is it necessary there. Agricultural labor is all
misunderstood, in Europe and America both.
It needs and will yet undergo Revolution, and
will be so simplified and so refined too, as that
women, will aspire to it as much as now to
music, or any fine art. 'What the Republican
asks is that women may be admitted to the
college and taught Floriculture and fancy work,
not Agriculture. It says: The college at
Amherst, with its extensive plant-houses, should
also offer to women a new and profitable em-
ployment, if any choose to fit themselves for it
that of gardener and florist. The work of
the greenhouse is, very much of it, of a charac-
ter to be performed by women. It requires
knowledge, skill, delicacy and patience rather
than strength, and a woman who understands
the business would be a valuable and tasteful
assistant, and a popular sale agent at every
green-house.
But women should not, will not stop there.
They should enter every necessary department
of the field as well as garden. They are needed
there just as in politics to purity and refine,
and thus to elevate the whole business. Agri-
culture has advanced greatly in the last half
century, but has not kept pace with many other
branches of industry. And the mass of work-
ers in many respects are far behind. An old
Scripture asks, how can he get wisdom who
holdeth the plough ? who glorieth in the goad ?
who driveth oxen, and whose talk is of bullocks ?M
That is supposed to have been written by or in
the days of King Solomon, but, like the alma-
nacs, will answer with slight variations for any
latitude, of space or time. Too close intimacy
with beasts is not wholesome for man. A little
close observation will make it but too apparent.
And in agriculture the whole philosophy, and
the whole economy are wron^, wildly wrong.
Too much land is tilled. A thousand times too
much outlay of thought, time, comfort, health
and money are expended in procuring what are
celled fertilizers; artificial, alcoholic stimulants
for the soil. Ten times too many cattle are
bred and kept, and ten thousand times too
many swine. Of the latter there should be
none. They are an abomination. Moses was
right about them. His law should never have
been repealed in respect to them. Where one
acre is cultivated for human sustenance direct,
a hundred at least are tilled to feed cattle and
swine. Food for man and food for beast are m
most frightful disproportion all over the coun-
try. Poets sing of a time when in England
every roo$ maintained its man. It would
now if he did not share its products with so
many beasts. Many bushels of corn and other
fruits are required to produce a few pounds of
meat. The fatter the animal the more he costs.
And an unnaturally fattened animal is an
animal diseased. Health is an impossibility to
him. And whoever eats him, eats (as the apos-
tle said in another case) damnation. The grain
that fattened him would have fed a multitude.
And the food would have been natural and
healtby,,the bread of liter But distilled through
swine or even cattle, it becomes disease and
death, besides the incalculable loss in quantity.
There must be Revolution. As God lives and
wisdom increases on the earth, there will be.
Woman will come in to belp. What she cannot
refine and purify through her womanly instincts,
will be cast out like other unclean spirits. The
earth will be tilled for men and not for brutes.
And then men will not be, nor beget brutes.
In the good time coming there shall no labor
be done that is not both healthful and pleasant
for man and woman. No work will be drud-
gery* None will be willing to be deprived of
his part of it, more than of his food, rest and
pleasure. Labor, food, rest, music, religion,
all will be pleasure, coveted alike. Gymnastic
exercises, now useful, will become foolishness.
Eight hour laws will be but' history, and the
laughing stock of the world.
Hr. Franklin estimated that four hours of
well directed labor performed by all the people
alike, would supply well every human need.
And he also insisted that so much was necessary
to health and enjoyment. He was right. Four
hours thus well and wisely devoted to produc-
tive labor, by all the people, would store
every house with elegance, luxury and abund -
ance, and fill every heart with gladness. Labor
would be honorable and a delight. Not to
labor would be disease,' and disease would be
disgrace like drunkenness to-day. Life would be
greatly prolonged and peaceful old age, gentle
as sleep, its termination. All this is coming.
Soon it will be seen to be coming fast. Just
now, the literary world is greatly agitated over
a new poem said or supposed to have been writ-
ten by the author of Paradise Lost. However
that may be, another Milton will be discovered
ere long, who shall sing the new Paradise
Regained. p. p.
EXACTING ABSOLUTE JUSTICE.
Shall radicalism say Amen to all Chicago, just
because the clouds look black? Certainly not. Our
weapon is truthalways the exact and whole truth. Our
object is to enact absolute justice into statute, to press
the best party into being better.
*******
In such times the duty of the radical is essentially the
same as during the last twenty yearsto rouse and edu-
cate the people. Grant and Colfax, Howard, Washburne,
and Bingbam need the same oritioism and rebuke from
Wade, Sumner, and Stevens that J. Q. Adams and Gid-
dings gave to Davis, Frelinghuysen and Marshall;
while Fessenden and Boss are the Gag-Atherton and
John Tyler of this act in the drama. Did ever Tribune
or Post do its duty then to those traitors ? As idle is it
to expect them at their posts to-day. It is for us to un-
mask and hunt down such treason. When it rots, harm-
less, in a grave fifty years old, either Post or Tribune
will write truthful enough epitaphs for it.
Thus Wendell Phillips in the AniUSlavery
Standard of last week. But The Revolu-
tion exists, has waked the nation as never be-
fore, has pealed its thunders among the Alps,
as our columns show this very week, with its
demand for absolute justice, because Mr.
Phillips will have it that this is the negros
hour, and not the hour for absolute justice.
And our object is to enact absolute justice in-
to statute ; to press the best party into being
better, including Mr. Phillips and some other
abolitionists. And our weapon is truth
always the exact whole truth Mr. Phillips says.
Then this is not the negros hour, but every-
bodys hour. The exact whole truth is, that
suffrage belongs to men and women alike. The
Standard told but half of it, and hence The
Revolution as amoral necessity. In such
times th^daty of the radical (Reyouotw?) to
rouse and educate the people. To administer
the same criticism and rebuke to Mr. Phil-
lips and the Standard that they give to Grant >
Colfax, Howard, Washburne and Bingbam.
For they sacrifice the negro to save the party,
Mr. Phillips sacrifices woman to save the negro.
It is for us to unmask and hunt down such
treason to absolute justice. When it
rots harmless in a grave fifty years old, either
Post, Ti'ibune, for Standard) will write truthful
enough epitaphs for it.
TEE SEWING WOMEN.
The New York Atlas said, last week, that there
are 30,000 women in .this city who labor night
and day for a pittance upon which no tender-
hearted philanthropist would attempt to support
a favorite cat; yet in all the progressive move-
ments of the day, and all the revolutionary agi-
tations touching the so-called rights of women,
no one attempts to ameliorate the condition of
these poor slaves of the needle. The Adas, with
the very best of intentions, no doubt, could not
have been more mistaken. The Revolution 7
was instituted pre-eminently for that very ob-
ject. It exists for the one specific purpose, more
than any other, of ameliorating the condition of
working women.
The Womans Suffrage Asssociation, the Cen-
tral Committee of which are Mrs. Gibbons,
Mrs. Horace Greeley, Mrs. Stanton and Miss An-
tnony, was constituted with the same end in
view, possession of the ballot equally with man
believed to be a powerful if not all sufficient
means to secure that end.
No. The Atlas, generally correct on such
subjects, and always able, needs here more in-
formation, which it gives us pleasure to impart.
The Atlas adds, that the true way of benefiting
these poor creatures is to devise a plan for in-
creasing their pay to a rate comparatively equiv-
alent to that given to male mechanics. That is
exactly according to The Revolution Pros-
pectus : Equal Pay to Women for Equal
Work.
GOOD MISSIONARY WORE
Since The Revolution has been published,
we have noticed with intense satisfaction a grow-
ing interest everywhere in whatever pertains to
the welfare of woman. Not only has the work
doing for womans emancipation and elevation
increased a thousand fold, but the press seems
to take a new delight in sounding abroad the
glorious results everywhere growing more and
more apparent. The Chicago Advance, the other
day, gave a long and interesting account of a
Foreign Missionary meeting held in Port Huroa,
Michigan, where Rev.,Mr. Wheeler, a mission-
ary from India, gave an address particularly to
women, on the condition, present and past, of
the native women in the field of his mission,
the Harpoot.
He said, the native men when they came to
hear, were surprised that the missionary first let
his wife pass in when the door was opened. They
asked each other What does this mean?
Does he not know? Is h9 not aman?
Oh, yes, replied the missionary, but that is
the way we do. Our wives are the best part of
uswe delight to show them honor. Your wives
must come and be taught, too. We will bring
them, they said; and, much to the surprise of
the missionary, at his next visit a dozen women
\ came in and took their places, gloomily, with th#


106

men. Ah! your wives come? asked the
missionary. Yes; did you not expect them ?
Wo did, but not so soon. How is it they have
come so soon? Oh, we told them yoiu* mes-
sage, and they laughed at it; and then we took
sticks and beat them soundly, so they came
along with us. The missionary thought it
probably the most profitable one of all the many
whippings they had ever had. But he said the
more they got into their heads, the less, they
found, they had to carry on top of them. Thsy
soon grew to like books and* the needle better
than the basket and hoe.
The women, he said, had to be taught every-
thing, neatness especially, and good manners,
as well as book education. One instance re-
lated by Mr. Wheeler is all for which we have
room. We are reminded by it of some of
Sojourner Truths experiences and successes in
teaching household economy to the multitudes
of freedwomen in Washington. Mr. Wheeler
said he once stopped, weary and hungry, at one
of the homes at nightfall and asked for food.
The woman hastened to bring the best she could
devise. What was the bill of fare ? First, she
brought a piece of hard bread two months old
(bread, he said, is often kept four or five months),
and laid it upon the unswept ground floor ; then
bringing some river water, she poured it over the
bread and wrapped it first in a handkerchief and
then in an old quilt which, unwashed, had
probably seen ten years service, by way of
steaming the bread. A bowl of sour buttermilk
was then placed beside it on the floor, which,
much to the dismay of her guest, betrayed the
active presence of one or more fleas What be-
came of the supper, he did not say, but he had
since been told that now that same woman sets
a table that need not disgrace a lady well skilled
in household affairs.
THE NEGRO'S HOUR.
One of the ablest and best printed papers in
the rural districts of the west is the Reform In-
vestigator at Morrison, Whiteside Co., 111. It
is devoted to the interests of Labor, both as to
women and men. On right of suffrage, too, it
agrees with The Revolution. Out of one of
its many good articles last week, we sift and
print the following periods in the absence of our
senior editor, and at risk of her displeasure :
Soon alter our first issue The Revolution made
its appearance and was received with a coolness and dis-
trust for which we now confess ourselves heartily
ashamed. The name of George Francis Train, connected
with it, aroused our prejudices and political bigotry.
We thought it cant be orthodox. True, it professed
o advocate our principles; but then, there was Train.
We liked the ladies of The Revolution, and their
p rinciples, but didnt like Train.
But we have sinoe come to admire The Revolu-
tion, and the lady editors, and have so far overcome
our bigotry as not to feel offended because they do not
abuse Mr. Train. We have only seen Mrs. Stanton at
a distance, but we must confess that even distance did
not lend that enchantment to the view that one feels
when reading one ot her fine editorials in The Revo-
lution. A plain, unassuming, quiet, motherly looking
woman is Mrs. Stantonintellectual in every feature,
and looks as well qualified to vote for, or even to be a
President as Fred Douglass, or Gen. Grant himself. But
if this is, indeed, the negro's hour, we suppose women
will be compelled to wait till the beast with seven
heads and ten boras is overcome.
But enough! The Revolution is a success,and
so is the Investigator, as our constantly increasing circu-
lation will show. Honesty of purpose, political tolera-
tion and correct principles are bound to win.
Washington Territory, it is said, already
boasts two female editors.
THE TIMES TURNED PREACHER.
We have had frequent occasion to lament the indecency
of the Womans rights organ, The Revolution. In
the number for the current week it publishes a letter
from an Indecent subscriber and a mountebank, who asks
the question, in capitals : Have not women the same
right to have paramours that men have to keep mis-
tresses? And the query is answered in a way that the
conductors of The Revolution ought to be ashamed
of. If The Revolution considers it a flue thing to
introduce such language and such ideas into American
families, we imagine they will soon find out their mis-
take. At the same time, they will disgust all respectable
woinen with the whole subject of Womans Rights.
The above ghostly counsel comes in the New
York Times, a paper the indecency and filthiness
of whose Medical advertising column is a down-
right affront to all womankind, its own family
not excepted, besides being a scandal and dis-
grace to even American civilization in the nine-
teenth century. In the frontier states we have
seen kitchen fires made of wood eight feet long,
and shovel and tongs to match. But no tongs
were ever long enough to touch many adver-
tisements that smut the columns of the Times,
and which only its insatiable greed of gain en-
ables even itself to tolerate.
GIRL MARKET IN INDIA.
If British rule in India could be fully exposed
to human gaze just as it has been and is, it
would fill the civilized world with horror. In or
near Calcutta there are said to be regular sales of
girls as once in our own South, and still in Con-
stantinople. A writer in an India journal says
when he heard of such sales he could hardly be-
lieve it, but on going to a certain quarter of the
bazaar at Manickgunge, he saw a cluster of girls
of from two to thirteen years of age, standing up
for sale. The brokers were very busy summon-
ing customers, as they received a commission
10 per cent, on all the bargains effected through
their instrumentality, besides some trifling offer-
ings. The prices varied, the writer said, accord-
ing to the age and beauty of the children ; girls
of seven ruled at about £00 rupees ; an old man
of 70 whispered an offer of 750 rupees for a very
beautiful girl .of 13, who was surrounded by
quite a crowd of bidders. An exchange of
daughters was taking place in another part of
the bazaar. The writer of the letter, who ap-
pears to have been greatly horrified by what he
witnessed, implores the editor to direct the
attention of the British government officials to
this matter and save many Brahmin families
from perdition. But the government has been
appealed to for half a century to redress many
such- wrongs, to no purpose. India is the
hunting ground for British rapacity and so will
remain while that government stands.
Capital Perseverance.1The Washington
correspondent of the Boston Post writes as fol-
lows under date August 10 :
A lady from Boston, Mrs. Daniels, having applied to
the government, through a patent attorney, for a patent
lor an invention of her own, the application was twice
rejected. On Friday last she appeared here in person,
took charge of the case, and appealed to the examiners-
in-chief. The Board of Appeal listened to her argument
on Saturday, and to-day the claim was allowed and the
patent ordered to issue. On Sunday next, Mrs. Daniels
lectures on Childrens Rights.
We congratulate our friend on her success ;
and here with her example to witness, we renew
our suggestion that women in numbers, many or
few, go also in person to the polls and demand
their right of suffrage face to face with their op-
I pressors. The result would be glorious.
WOMAN, HER WRONGS.
Under this bead the Sharon (Wis.) Mirror
has some timely and valuable remarks, some of
which are the following :
The- state of society is indicated by the condition of
woman. In heathen countries females are despised.
Their education is neglected. In Mohammedan coun-
tries women are shut out from all the opportunities of
instruction, and excluded from the endearing pleasure
Of a delightful and equal -society. You ceuld not offer a
greater insult to a Mohammedan in Persia than to inquire
after the female part of his family, when they wero danger-
ously ill. Col. Phipps, in an address before the Church
Missionary Society, said : At Alexandria, in Egypt, I
saw a Turk, at mid-day, in open street, cut off a womans
head for no other offence than because he saw her with-
out a veil. And it must be confessed that we have not
a few pagans here in America. There are monsters in
human shape who treat their wives with more severity
than their brutes. In many respects woman has been de -
nied ber rights in Protestant America as well as in pagan
countries.
It is not her fault that she is born with slender endow*
roents and denied the rights of Christian citizenship.
It is not the iault of a sack that it cannot stand up whon
the wheat is taken out; it is not the nature of a sack to
do so. And there are plenty of men who never had any
wheat put in them.
Miss Lyon says : Educate the women and the men
will be educated. And we bellevo it. We take the
broad ground that a woman bas the right to do whatever
is becoming in a man to do. And if she docs (be work
of a man she is entitled to a mans wages. If she fills a
first-class clerkship she is entitled to first class pay. if
she teaches a first class school she is entitled to the
wages of a first class male teacher.
In some heathen churches women are not allowed
to pray or speak in public. Out on such customs.
Down with such abominable practices. Give wo-
man her rights. Give her a full collegiate educa-
tion. The time was when she "was denied en-
trance into our American colleges and universities.
A few have opened their doorsGcd bless them.
Others refuse them. Shame on such Mohammedan
institutions. We speak what we do know and testify
to what we have seen. We go further and say they shall
be classed with the males. They are capable of hoeing
their own row, and should be allowed the privilege to
do it.
We have assisted in organizing two colleges and three
academies, and have uniformly insisted upon the joint
-education of the sexes, in the eyes and teeth of these
Mohammedan profossors. We believe, in conclusion,
that human nature is one, be it male or female, black or
white. We bolieve that differences of physical shape do
not make a corresponding difference in the strength of
intellect. The best students that we ever had were fe-
males. Those that ranked the highest were females.
We also believe in the joint education and instruction of
our boys and girls m day and Sunday schools. We be.
lieve in thus sitting together in the House of God, re-
ceiving the truth together and being saved together, as
households, according to the Lord's method. We be-
lieve, finally, that they are one with us, made one, our
equals in intellect, morals and religion, and that they
should have equal advantages with us in church and
state, the opinions ot men to the contrary, notwith-
standing.
Well Employed.The People, the new de-
mocratic journal in Concord, N. H., is letting
daylight into the swindling operations of gov-
ernment officials by which a few sharpers, com-
paratively few, enrich ^themselves at the cost of
the laboring multitude. The Arabian Tale had
but forty thieves. Our government are more
than forty thousand. Had the democrats in the
Granite state kept to the financial frauds,
wastes and extravagances of the administration
last March, find left damning the nigger to
conservative republicans in Connecticut, Ohio
and Kansas, they could have elected their ticket
by a majority of thousands.
Fanny Fern objects to men shedding tears ;
she says it is an infringement on womens most
valuable water privileges,"



107
WOMAN'S RIGHT OF PROPERTY IN
MAINE.
The New York Sun rose one morning last
week shining thus benignantly on an important
question affecting the condition of woman :
An interesting case before tbe Supreme Court in Port*
land Me., concerns the will of the late Commodore Pre-
ble, involving $1,000,000. The widow of Commodore
Preble left at her death, in 1848, several pieces of real es-
tate in and about (he city, which at that time were not
considered extremely valuable, but have since become
so. By Mrs. Prebles will this property was to be held
in trust twenty years, by three trustees, for the benefit of
her grandson and two granddaughters. No property
was to be sold or otherwise disposed of during that time.
At the end of the twenty years tbe trustees were to cause
tbe shares of the granddaughters, or either of them, to
be so secured for their own use and benefit, as not to be
subject to the control of their, or either of their hus-
bands. Mrs. Prebles will was made in 1848. Up to
1864 the provisions ot the common law relative to the
rights of married women to hold property were opera-
tive in Maine. By the statute of 1815, chapter 117, en-
titled An act to secure married women their rights in
property, the legislature provided that any married
woman may become seized or possessed of any property,
real or personal, in her own name, and rs of her own
property, and that when a woman marries she should
continue to hold such property, notwithstanding her
coverture, exempt from any liability Jot the debts and
contracts of her husband. In 1847 this act was amended
by striking out the proviso in the first section, and add-
ing thereto the words exempt from the debts and con-
tracts of her husband. Mrs. Preble had made her will
in 1848, .and died in 1851. The surviving trustee, N. F.
Peering, became'dcslrous of having this point settled
whether the trust must not still be continued after the
twenty years, in order to guard against the possibility of
allowing (he husbands of the granddaughters to obtain
control of the property. The statutes of Maine allow
an administrator or executor to bring a bill in equity
against the heirs as nominal respondents, to obtain
the proper construction of the disputed points of a will.
This suit was brought under that statute, and was argued
this term before the full bench. The decision of the
Court has not yet been printed, but the substance of it
is that the triisc term abated at the end of twenty years,
and that each of the three grandchildren now takes a fee
simple in common and undivided in the real estate, and
the trustee is further directed by the Court, after settling
the final account, to distribute the personal property
equally among the grandchildren. The point established
by tbis important decision is that in Maine, under the
present statutes, the rights of married women to hold
property are regarded in the samo light as similar rights
of men.
1HE CHICAGO REFORM COR YEN'I [ON.
Editors of tke Revolution .*
IAU not a good reporter nor a very ready writer, butl
must give you the sum and substance of what took
place at the Chicago Convention on the 5th instant, as
some time since advertised in The Revolution.
Preliminary to what I have to say, I will quote a few
editorial remarks from the Chicago Tribune:
We trust that no cause,' no third party movement,
no gathering for any innooent purpose, will bo prejudiced
by the ridiculous'spectacle presented at the Music Hall
on Wednesday,-and faithfully photographed in our col-
umns yesterday. It would be difficult to say, whether
the feeble-minded men or the strong-minded women
bore off the cap and bells from their rivals. *A remark-
able inaptitude for business was developed. Nobody
knew at the beginning for what purpose tbe meeting was
held, and nobody knevy at the end how the time had
been spent.
Everything appears ridiculous to those who do not un-
derstand what,is being done, and of this the reporters of
the Convention were evidently most profoundly igno-
rant. Let me assure your readers (more especially the
friends of the Woman movement), that some of us did
know what we were there for, and it is hardly possible
for the Tribune to know what we know of the result of
the meeting.
It was the clearly expressed object oi the callers of the
Convention to organize a new party and nominate can-
didates for the Presidency. As far as such nominations
were concerned, the Convention was evidently a failure,
but that this meeting was the nucleus in the west ior a
new party organization, the Chicago Tr0une, and all be
rest of the world will be convinced at no very distant
day. It is my solemn conviction, that the good Lord, or
the ministering angels, sent Mr. Reynolds to call the meet
ing ior this express purpose, namely, to form the nucleus
ol a new party, based upon Universal Suffrage.
At tbis Convention a Business Committee was formed
(with power to increase its numbers), forming a state or-
ganization, to correspond and co-operate with similar or-
ganizations in other states, which it shall be their duty to
assist in forming. Tbis movement is but the external
demonstration of a more Interior work that has been
going on in Chicago and elsewhere for some time. More
than 5,000 names are already enrolled, ready to give in
their allegiance to this new party movement.
Let the friends of Freedom, and of Womans Emanci-
pation, be firm and hopeful. Our success is as sure as
the law of gravitation, but any hurried movement will
only procrastinate tbe hour oi triumph. Organizations
and co-operative movements must be formed among the
people, but the nomination of candidates for the Presi-
dency this tail would be not only premature and abortive,
but would injure or retard our final success. Many of
our leading minds do not yet understand tbe full import
ot this grand movement. Let us take time, and as the
best means ot protection during this time, in which the
principles of truth and error, right and wrong, must be
fully discussed and finally settled, on the immutable laws
of nature which are the laws of Cod, let the friends of
woman and of Universal Suffrage throw the weight of
their influence and votes for the election of Grant and
Colfax. A large element of our population is ready and
waiting for this new movement, and those who are not
yet ready to leave the old corrupt political parties,
will be made ready by a shock no less powerful than the
firing of the guns upon Fort Sumter. Some of the best
and most far-seeing minds of the country perceive the
breakers ahead, and are ready for anything that shall
give justice and harmony to tbe people.
The Ladies Club, or Womans Association, in
Chicago, is, doubtless, doing good. It is one of the
needles in the womans movement, that point to the path
of social revolution and reform. More anon.
e. o. o. w.
We cheerfully give place to the above report
of our excellent friend, but must confess that
we, too, are as profoundly ignorant as were
those reporters of the Convention to whom she
refers, as to the philosophy and purpose ol the
Convention, If the election of Grant and Col-
fax is really the best means of securing the
objects sought, the case must be deplorable
indeed. Four years ago we were no less sol-
emnly assured on all hands (republican hands',
that the only salvation of the nation depended
on the election of Lincoln and Johnson. We
scorned the idea then, have abhorred it to this
day. What, the election of Grant or Seymour
has to "do with the promotion of any grand and
noble truth or cause, is beyond the eye-balls of
this editor to penetrate. Of the righteous inten-
tions of this Chicago Convention, we have no
doubt. Of the lofty purposes of some of the
noble women who honored it with their pre-
sence and co-operation, we have long been well
assured.. But when we are encouraged by them
to give support to either of the old political par-
ties, as the best means to the ends The Revo-
lution seeks, we must respectfully ask leave to
look a good deal farther before we so decide.
p. p.
EQUALIZING THE RACES.
The Arkansas Legislature has'enacted equal
rights for all persons, on board all public con-
veyances, in all hotels, places of amusement or
of public resort, and the democratic newspapers
are crying out on every hand, here we have
the first step towards miscegenation. And the
Newark (N. J.) Journal adds: radicalism is re-
sponsible for this terrible condition of affairs !>
Slavery survived until, through some cause or
other, very few purely black skins were found in
the south. Had the wnite people anything to
do with that horrible and wholesale misce-
genation ? Answer, who dare!
NATIONAL LABOR CONGRESS.
IMPORTANT MEETING OP WORKINGMEN TO BE HELD
IN THIS CITY NEXT MONTH.
The following circular has lately been sent to all so-
cieties of workingmen in this country :
Office'National Labob Union)
Washington, August, 1868. j
Fellow-Workingmen : In accordance with the con-
stitution of the National Labor union, its second annual
session will be held in New York City on the third Mon-
day in September next, the 21st proximo,(commencing at
11 oclock am. Your are respectfully invited and urged
to send representatives (0 this important assemblage of
workingmen, which meets to institute reforms, and to
carry out those already-instituted in the interest of the
working masses, and, by establishing reciprocal rela-
tions between their different organizations, unite them
in a common effort to protect themselves, aud keep back
the encroachments of centralized wealth upon the rights
of labor,'and to secure legislation that will improve their
condition and advance them to the scale of prosperity
and intelligence.
The Congress to assemble under this call will
doubtless be favorably disposed towards the
claims of woman, and it is to be hoped the
women will not fail in some proper way to be
represented there. Labor cannot rise to its
true position in dignity or compensation, leav-
ing woman behind. And woman must possess
the ballot aud the powers of full citizenship be-
fore she can contribute her full strength to any
important enterprise.
Where the Shoe Pinches.The New York
Iribune says:
A democratic paper, contradicting a report that Susan
B. Anthonys paper partially supports Seymour, indig-
nantly declares that The Revolution will go the
whole hog.
Exactly, The Revolution does *go the
whole hog of genuine,^ Jeffersonian democ-
racythat taxation without representation is
tyranny, no matter who is president or what
parly is in power. That all just governments
derive their powers from the consent of the
governed. All the governed ; not a fourth nor a
half. The head and front of our offending is,
that we insist on the republican party and the
abolitionists coming up higher and going the
whole hog of universal suffrage with us.
, S. B. A.
A Blissful People.It is said among the
2,000,000 people by whom Yeddo, in Japan, is
inhabited, there is not a beggar in the streets,
not & man unable to read, not a boor, not a
drunkard, not a ruffian. The women are beau-
tiful, the men are robust and energetic, there is
no trouble about fashions, education is univer-
sal, books are plentiful, though there are no
newspapers ; life is simple and easy, marriage
is universal, and children go naked.
Contributions are greatly needed to sustain
lectures, publish documents, and canvass with
petitions in the District of Columbia. They
should be sent to Mrs Josephine S. Griffing, 394
Capital street, or to Dr. Daniel Breed, Treasurer,
Washington, D. C. They will be acknowledged
through The Revolution.
Petitions should be sent to Mrs. Griffing, or
J. K. H. Willcox.
Just as we Suspected.Professor Liebig, one of the
most eminent chemists in the world, assures us that
fourteen hundred and sixty quarts of the best Bavaria
beer contained exactly the nourishment ot atwo-and-a-
half pound loaf of bread.
The Richmond Inquirer and Examiner says, that
the white men of the Southern states have seen the day
when they.could use the bullet, and if God, in his anger,
permit the necessity to arise, they will fee it again.


108

MRS. H., THE LADY DENTIST.
UBS. XS QUESTIONS TO HER HUSBANDHAS THE WIFE
ANY BIGHTS THE HUSBAND IS BOUND TO RESPECT.
In The Revolution of July 23, you translated
from a Berlin paper an account of a Prussian lady, now
in this country, to gain a knowledge of dentistry. It
brought to my miud what I heal'd early in the spring of
her from a lady who had mother, and who from her own
lips had received her reasons for coming to America. In
Prussia the teeth of women and children are entirely ne-
glected. Even money cannot buy care for their teeth,
as dentists are few in number and find employment
onovTgh npbn the teeth of men, for whom they prefer to
work. The reason for this, which some may ask, is un-
known to me. I however conjecture thatit is somewhat
on the principle that the partnership between the lion
and jackal was conducted.
Mrs. H., moved with pity by the unfortunate condition
of her country-women, determined to fit herself as a
dentist and devote herself to this neglected class. She
was everywhere refused instruction in her own country
but finally received assurance that if she became quali-
fied stye would be allowed to practice, and this was what
brought her to America. She is the mistress of seven
languages and altogether an accomplished lady.
Whilfeattonding the Womans Rights convention, held
in Philadelphia in 1864,1 made the acquaintance of Mrs.
;.TiKa tyjfy well known in her own state, and especially in
Philadelphia, for the interest she took in the reforma-
tion of fallen women, being one of the managers, and I
think, founder of the Rosine, and also a slated visitor,
under the auspices of the Moral Reform. Association, at
houses of ill-fame, where her success was often great in
rescuing young girls from their lives of prostitution.
She also took great interest In prison discipline and
was a successful reformer of many of its abuses.
The position of women, and especially married wo-
men, legally and politically, was one upon which she
thought much. During our conversation upon that
topic she gave me a copy of questions she had addressed
to her husband fifteen years previously, or in 1839 (now
nearly thirty years ago), at the time of his making his
will, some of the provisions of which had come to her
knowledge.
Although the la6t few year? have shown great changes
in the laws in regard to married womens control of
property which they receive from other sources than
their husbands, there are yet but one or two states in
this great union of thirty-nine states which even par-
tially hold the idea that a married woman has any just
claim upon the property of the marital firm. The prop*
erty of that firm, whether gained as equally by the wifes
labor as by the husbands, is even now held to be solely
his, unless indeed it is in a few instances where she has
entered into some outside business in those states where
6be is allowed to hold her own separate earnings. The
woman who has raised a large family of children and
whose whole time and strength have been given to drud-
gery and care for her family, is virtually a beggar if she
has had no kind Jriend to will, grant or devise her
some property. She is expected to reside where her
husband desires to reside; to dress as he wishes to
dress; to eat what he likes to eat; to gonot when he
goesbut when he wishes to have her go, and in every
respect be governed by his wishes, tastes and desires.
If she does so, no matter at wbat sacrifice of her health,
and tastesshe is called a good wife, and if she outlives
him perhaps she is permitted to enjoy the property dur-
ing her natural life, or while she remains his widow.
Very few men, even of those professing to be most
ready to welcome woman to a widened, social and poli-
tical position, aie just enough to grant her more powers
than the law itself grants. They may live up to legisla-
tive enactments, willingly or unwillingly, but beyond
law into equity, few or none reach.
I often wonder how your own Parker Pillsbury be-
haves iu these respects towards his wife. Does he sign
* notes, imperiling the (his) property of the marital firm
against her protestations ? Does he invest any part of that
property in oil-stocks, gold stocks, western village lots,
sheep, or even a desirable water power, in direct op-
position to his wiles judgment? Does he, when he loses
hundreds or thousands of dollars in such ways, go home
with a long face and tell her it will be impossible for her
to take that journey home to see her mother or that the
children cannot be sent to an advantageous school that
they had expected to attend, because he has lost so
much money ? Does he, perhaps, on the back of it all,
claim Mrs. Ps. oompassiou because the loss has made
him dispirited,, instead of recognizing her to be the one
upon whom pity should be bestowed ?
I find many a man ready to-claim great est because
his wife has the deed of the homestead in her own
name ; while at the same time he will bargain it away at
any moment the fancy takes him, and will expect her to
unhesitatingly acquiesce in the arrangement. A case
in point occurred in my own experience only week be-
fore last, and as it is so recont, I will relate it, although
I could recall many another just as forcible instances of
the tyranny of indulgence.
1 was visiting my friend Mrs. S. who, by the way, does
not profess to be in favfir of Equal Right?, simply be-
cause she does not yet see the necessity of the ballot for
women; but who practically stands where I find every
woman to stand, i.on a legal equality platform. It
was during the heated term, and in course of conversa-
tion she said, We all sleep alone here, I have left my
husbands bed, though not his board, during this hot
weather.
Are you particular to say that? I queried. Do
you think you have no claim in the bed and hoard ?
She laughed as she answered. My husband took
the deed of the house in my name, and I am very care-
ful not to allow him to feel it. However, she con-
tinued, in a moment, I suppose if he took a notion to
sell it, he would, and I should sign the deed. You see
that house so near us, and she pointed to a dwelling
almost situated in their garden, the lotit is on was a part
of ours a year ago, but my husband came in one day
and told me he had sold it and that Mr. would be
up in the afternoon for me to sign the deed. I hated
terribly to let it go, but I did not oppose it, My hus-
band had made the bargain without consulting me.
The way Mrs. S. owned that house was the way chil-
dren own calves, lambs and colts. They are allowed to
call them their own till tbey can he of use, then they
are fathers.
But as I stated above in regard to my Philadelphia
friend, her husband had told her the main provisions of
the will he was about to make. They did not at all accord
with her views of what was just; therefore as she was
about to be from home for a week she addressed him
the following letter of questions, which will commend
themselves to the attention of all widows who are enjoy-
ing the use of property they helped to earn, for as long
as they remain widowsto all wives, for they may at
any moment he placed under similar circumstanced ; t
all maidens who contemplate marriage, and to all just
men.
Who helped accumulate the property, the wife or*
the children ? Who has the best right to enjoy tbe pro-
ceeds of what they helped earn and save ? Is it the wife
and mother whose anxious care and industry have assist-
ed in the accumulation of the property, or tbe children
who have never earned but who have lived upon it ?
Why should the proceeds of her labor and economy be
taken if she marry again, from the wife who helped earn,
and be given to tbe children who have neither earned
nor saved ?
Why should the property, or her share of it, be taken
from the wife if she marry, and not from the daughter
under similar circumstances ?
Would not the daughter be equally subjected with
her mother to the advances of fortune hunters ? Is it sup-
posed the daughters judgment would be superior to the
mothers in selecting a husband? If so, what inference
must be drawn from her .first choice? That she then
acted unwisely ? that she reposed her confidence in a
man whom she thought would love her and wish to con-
tribute to her comfort, not only during his life but also
daring her life, but who proved to be one that desired
to maintain a respectable establishment by means of her
care while he lived, but to leave her so situated that
should she marry again and that man, however worthy,
he poor, the property should go to the children who
might marry when and whom they pleased, and still re^
tain their property and live luxuriously on what she
helped to earn, and she perhaps be subjected to want
and die in the alms-house ?
Why should the property they have jointly earned he
taken from the wile if she marry again, to be given to
the children, and not from the husband if he marry
again ? Is it supposed that his new wife would take
more care of the property for the children than the
mother who bore them and who has watched and cared
for them from childhood up ?
Wby should a wife love her husband and desire his
comfort and prosperity more than all earthly things,
while the husband by his conduot shows he only makes
her a convenience and that the grand object of his labors
is to accumulate for himself aud children, and allow
her a bare maiutainance for his credit's sake, while she
wears his name ?
Are they not jointly and equally partners and have
they not equal rights by the marriage covenant ?
Mssr T< has long been aumbersd with those who have
passed the bourne whence no traveller returns, but
though dead, she yet speaketh. Joslyn.
CIRCULATE THE REVOLUTION.
Editors of the Revolution:
Ever since I thought at all on any matters of general
interest I firmly believed iu the justness of your cause.
Now, in order tb secure tbe success of that cause, we
need more exponents like yourself. From whence
these are to come we cauuot tell, but workers will
doubtless be raised up to labor even in this neglected
vineyard. Meanwhile allow me to suggest to your read-
ers the importance of disseminating the truths appear-
ing weekly in your columns. They have it in their power
to help to do this.
With this end in view, let those who take only one
copy not place you on file. In this stage of the re-
form the P. 0. aud not the file should be the roceptaclo
for documents like yours. All of us have friends scat-
tered, it may he, very widely over the country. It is oar
duty to see that each of these, in turn, be furnished with
a copy of The Revolution. In this way the number
of your readers might bo doubled or quadrupled, and
many a good soul be prepared to speak and vote for the
right when the time for action comes. n. k, w.
JUSTICE, EVER TO WOMEN.
Mas. Kingsbury of Chicago, an.d Mrs. Colby of this
state, were among the speakers at the recent State Con-
vention of Spiritualists held at Indianapolis, Ind., and
deiivere 1 addresses that were in no wise inferior to those
made by tb male speakers in attendance; and yet these
workers in tbe reform field were made the subjects of a
low, venal attack through the columns of the Sentinel
(leading democratic organ). This attack was not di-
rected to the sentiment of the speakers in question ; but
consisted of a low pot-house criticism on their dress,
personal appearance, etc.; and so utterly devoid of pro-
priety as to outrage tbe. grossest sense of common de-
cency. The offence of these women consisted not in
their radical sentiment, for the male speakers present
were equally radical in their remarks, and yet received
not a word of unfavorable criticism. But why did men
escape, whilst women'on the same rostrum met the fate
of fools and idiots ? Man has a voice in mating Gover-
nors and Congressmen, and forces the press to respect
him ; but woman is a political cipher of insufficient im-
portance to restrain even the slanderous tonguea fit
object for worthless bar-room loafers to practico their
powers of vulgar wit upona parallel with idiots,
and with no rights the press is bound to respect.
To be a woman is to be a criminal. Under the present
masculine regime, woman cannot he tolerated in society.
Females are sufferable, but womanhood is outrageous in
the eyes of a perverted public opinion, and is free to be
falsified and slandered by every worthless pimp and
scapegrace in the land. But let woman notfalterl So
sure as justice is a constitutional element of tbe Deiffic
principle, so sure will her cause yet triumphthe false-
hood aud slander ol a venal press to the contrary not-
withstanding.
Woman 1 if man be a lord of creation, thou art
creations queen, and should hasten to exercise the pre-
rogatives of thy quoenship without delay. Humiliate
not thyself, and through thyself, the race, by submit-
ting passively to the destiny of ,slaves!
All true men should lend to woman a helping hand in
her present struggle for equality. Masculine rule, as, a
speciality, has been tried from the earliest dawn of the
historic period ; aud war, oppression and slavery havo ever
been tbe results.
Mans redemption from political, religious and social
evil has proven an utter failure, because our politics, re-
ligion and social economy have been prostituted to mas-
culino influence: whilst the redemptive influence of
women has boen shut out or ignored.
Let man lay aside his self-arrogated titles and meet
woman on the broad platform of equality, and ere long a.
new era will dawn on our vice-ridden earth. War, op-
pression, slaveiy. drunkenness and licentiousness will
hide themselves in the mazes of the past, and the race,
through the influence of enlightened generation and edu-
cation will soon stand redeemed from the dominion of
vice, and justice and benevolence will cover the earth.
Wahren Smith.
Rural Home, Ind., July 30tb, 1868.
Too Bad.One hot day last week, a number of little
boys were fined SI each by Justice Cornwell, lor bathing
is the-East River, Ih- violation'oftfes city ordinance*-


IBfce devolution.
109
THE OLD AND 1ME NEW.
Editors of the Revolution:
Tov are calling for new constructions and not recon-
struction. I only wish that every writer and reader of
your columns understood this in in its fullest meanings.
We shall have nothing to do with policy or expediency,
but seek only to know the right, and do it. Thank God
that there are a few centralized beings who begin to
know the truth and are willing to express it in the face
of all or any opposition. Such persons cannot meddle
with the present pool of politics. The old form, or gar-
ment, is so nearly worn out that it is not fit to clothe (he
new child now being ushered into existence. Politi-
cians, or those who have held the reins of government,
are asking what is to be done, and who of us are pre-
pared to answer ? or who shall lead us out of this con-
dition? not those surely who have led us into it. There
is nothing to be gained by following either men or par-
ties ; but there is everything to be gained by being true
to our own selfhood, recognizing principles as founded
in the nature of things. This nation, in its mad haste
after riches, has forgotten humanitys needs, or the real
wauts of the people. The law of force has prevailed.
Justice and truth are lost sight of. There can be no
perfect government save that which is founded in the
rights and the wants of the people. If America as a
nation is saved, it will not be through the political par-
ties of to-day. They are weighed in the balance and
found wanting. .They must go on from worse to worse,
until every thread of the old garment is worn out, and
then out from the debris shall arise the new and glori-
ous republic which is already feeling its way into exist-
ence. In the new state which is soon to be, we shall
not ask of what sex or color a person is; but it will he
enough to know that all are equal, and that no one can
obtain a thing at the expense ot another person
without doing an equal injustice to both parties.
I hope when it- shall he the privilege of women
to vote, if voting need be done, it will be for (hose
who are not governed by ambition or prejudice;
but who recognize truth and justice as the basic
principles of all perfect governments. Let us of
the new, bend our energies to tearing down all that is
false and rear up the true. Man alone is not capable of
developing this, for just as much as there is a positive
. and negative principle in external nature so do male
and female exist in the humanity, and must act in con-
cert to produce anything perfect. When this is recog-
nized and each performs its equal part, then there will
be unity and consequently nkrmouy. We who know
the truth can afford to be laughed at and scorned. We
heed it not, but rejoice, inasmuch as the truth sets us
free. Lizzie Leavenworth.
Buffalo, August 1, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
I wish to tell you and your readers what transpired
here in Buffalo last Sabbath eveuing. It was announced
in the morning, from the pulpits, of the several Presby-
terian churches, that in the evoning there would be a
union missionary meeting at the First Church (Dr.
Clarks). In order that all who desired might avail
themselves of the opportunity to attend that service, the
other churches would be closed. A woman was to ad-
dress the meetinga Miss Rankin, missionary from
Mexico. By a ridiculously long and uncalled for apology
from tho Reverend Dr. for the innovation, we learned
that in solemn conclave, the grave divines had agreed
(in spite of St. Pauls injunction) that it was eminently
proper for the sake of tho cause (there being funds to
raise) that she should be allowed to give a bistory of her
mission. She spoke eloquently for near an hour 1o a
large audience, of the nature, extent and results of her
labors, and to the edifioation, I am told, of the would-be
monopolizers of public speaking, and especially the
pulpit. Yours truly, b. o, o.
Reform moves Swimmingly.The corpora-
tion of Liverpool has erected and opened to the
public aplung-bath of great dimensions, at the
small cost of $25,000, and inaugurated it by a
series of swimming matches for prizes.
The Queen ot Prussia has caused a space to
be reserved in the Park of the Invalides at Ber-
lin, on which flying ambulance-wagons will be
established, to teach young women how to at-
tend the wounded in a campaign.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN 1EXAS.
Texas has been reached and Woman's Suf-
frage has hada hearing and report in the Legis-
lative Convention. We have received a copy of
Flake's daily GaUeston Bulletin of the 4th inst.,
containing a Minority report again st the
Memorial which is below at the service of read-
ers'of The Revolution. The majority report
we regret to say has not come to hand. The
Bulletin precedes the report of the minority
thus:
Mr. Adams and that dry old coon, Buffington, made
the following report on Female Suffrage, in which, per-
haps, the matter is better, than the manner. We shall
have to beg Miss Susan B. Anthony and her Revolu-
tion not to be too critical on the syntax of our delegates.
We can imagine nothing more funny than to hear Anna
Dickinson take them down a few pegs on their gram-
mar.
Hon. E. J. Davis, President of the Convention :
Sib: We the undersigned members of the Committee
on State affairs, after examining the declaration presented
by Mi*. Mundine, on Female Suffrage, respectfully present
this minority report, and unhesitatingly state that we
are opposed to Female Suffrage, not because we think
them of any less capacity than men, but forsooth, we
think that by the very laws of their natures they are
transcending above an active participation in tho govern-
ment of tho country, and thoir native modesty and inr
bom refinement of feelings cause every true woman to
shrink from the busy noises of election days. They are
conscious that they exercise, by keeping themselves in
their appropriate spheres, and by exhibiting all those
gentle qualities, directly opposed to the rougher sex,
in their capacities of wives and mothers, an influence
mightier far than that of the elective franchise.
We are opposed to it further, because we believe that
the good sense of every true woman in the land teaches
herthat granting them the power to vote is a direct, open
insult to their sex by the implication that they are so un-
womanly as to deserve the privilege.
We therefore believe that such a declaration should not
pass this body of geutlemen.
O. P, Adams,
a. Buffington.
Since the above was in type, we have received
from LoringP. Haskins, Esq., a delegate to the
convention, the following excellent Report and
Declaration made and signed by a majority of the
Committee to whom the subject or Womans
Suffrage was referred. We need scarcely be-
speak attentive reading:
. REPORT
Of the Committee on Stale Affairs, upon Female
Suffrage, with accompanying Declaration.
July 30, 1868Introduced and ordered to be Printed.
Committee Room, \
Austin, Texas, July 10, 68. (
To the Hon. E. J. Davis, President of the Convention:
A majority of your Committee on State Affairs, to whom
was referred the declaration introduced by the Hon. T.
H. Mundine of the county of Burleson, to extend the
right of Suffrage to all citizens of the state over the age of
twenty-one years, possessing the requisite qualifications
for electors, have examined with much care said decla-
ration, and considered the objeot sought to he accom-
plished, and have arrived at the conclusion that said de-
claration ought to be apart of the organic law.
It was said by George Washington, that the safety of
republican government depends upon the virtue and in-
telligence of the people.
This declaration is not a riew theory of govern-
ment ior the first time proposed to be made a part of
our republican institutions. The idea of extending the
elective tranohise to females has been discussed, both in
Great Britain and the United States.
Your Committee are of the opinion that the true base
of republican government must ever depend on the
wisdom and virtue of the people.,.-
In this state our system of jurisprudence is a combina-
tion of Civil and Spanish law, intermixed with the Com-
mon law of England; and this peculiar system, just in
all its parts, for the preservation of the rights of married
and unmarried women, is likely to be continued.
The time was when woman was regarded as the mere
slave of man ; but that time was when ignorance prevailed
and learning was confined to the tew. It was believed,
in order to perpetuate the pretended Divine right of
kings to rule, that the mass of the people should be kep
ingprofound ignorance, mid that woman was not entitled
to the benefits ofleaming at all.
It is not remarkable that as the benign principles o
Christianity have been promulgated, free government
has steadily progressed, and the Divine rights of woman
have |been recognized.
That government from which we borrowed the main
principles of our free constitution, and from which we
wrested an Independence, even to this day, though its
soil is dedicated to freedom, its people enlightened and
chri tianized, yet it maintains that the individuality of
woman, upon marriage, is lost and swallowed up in the
superiority of man.
The principles of the common law have gradually
given way to our more advanced ideas of civilization.
Under the system of laws now in force in many of the
States oi the American Union, the natural rights which
appertain to human intellegence are guarded and pro*
tected by the organic and statute laws of the states.
The old constitution of the Republic of Tex s, the
Constitution of the state of Texas of 1815, the laws enacted
for the protection of married women; the many learned
decisions of the Supreme Courts of Texas and Louisiana,
and other Courts clearly indicate that the march ol id-
tedigence is onward, and that our advanced civilization
has approximated to the period when other and more
sacred rights are to bo conceded.
Is it just that woman, who bears her reasonable portion
of the burdens of government, should be denied the
right of aiding'in the enactment of its laws ?
It may be truly said, that all just governments are
founded on the consent of the governed ; yet woman has
no voice, and her individuality is lost.
The present generation has more educated women
than mon as teachers, as writers, as operators, as clerks.
In fact, in every department of life, in faith, in virtue,
In knowledge, in sagacily, in the practice of pure religion
we give as the result of human experience, that woman
is the equal and in many respects superior to mao.
When was it, when a down-trodden people were strug-
gling for freedom of thought, of speech, of action, and
above all, the freedom of conscience, that neglected and
always faithful woman, failed to keep the fires of patriot-
ism continually burning.
In no age, country, or clime, though woman was almost
accounted a servant, has her devotion, patriotism, integ-
rity, self sacrificing disposition, been less than that of
man.
In all great moral reforms and distribution of univer-
sal charity, in the diffusion of knowledge and virtue, wo-
man has borne well her part.
When the blood of the Saviour was poured out on the
mount, she was the last to linger about the cross, and the
first at the temb of the risen Lord.
The question of extending the freedom of the ballot t o
woman may well claim the attention of the law maker,
and iu view of the importance of the subject, a majority
of your Committee earnestly recommend the passage of
the declaration.
H. C. Hunt. Chairmau,
T. H. Mundine,
Benj. Watrous,
Wm.. H. Fleming,
L. P. Harris.
A DECLARATION.
Be it declared, by the People of Texas in Convention
assembled, That the followiug shall be a section of the
Constitution of the state of Texas, known as section
----of article-- : Everyperson, without distinction
of sex, who shall have arrived at tho age of twenty-one
years, and who shall be a citizen of the United States, or
is at the time of the adoption of this Constitution by the
Congress of the United States a citizen of the state of
Texas, and shall have resided in this state one year n jxfc
preceding an election, and the last six months within th d
district, county, city or town in whiob he or she offers to
vote (Indians not taxed excepted), shall be deemed a qual-
ified elector ; and should such qualified elector happens
to be in another county, situated in the distriot in which
he or she resides, at the time of an eleotion, he or sao
shall be permitted to vote for any distriot officer ; pro-
vided, that the qualified electors shall be permitted to
vote anywhere in the state for state officers; and pro-
vided further, that no soldier, seaman, or marine in the
army or navy of the United States shall be entitled fo
vote at any election created by the Constitution.
Labor vs. Capital.A paper dollar of the government
represents really but fifty cents in constitutional money,
and yet the laboring masses have to hike the paper at its
nominal value, while the bondholder receives his six per
cent, interest in gold on the five-twenties which he may
have bought at forty cento on the dollar.


110*
MY COTTAGE NEAU TEE PINES.
----
lx is astounding that people will submit to excessive
rent, taxes, and discomforts ; whilst, thirty-six miles
from New York, close to a railway station, and only five
miles from the sea, land can be bought from. $25 to $50
per acre, and homes can be fixed thereon for $300 and
upwards I If there were more dispersion of city folks,
and closer aggregation in the country, there would be
less nervousness, vice, indolence and disease in the
one case, and more comfort, quicker thought and less
hardship in the other.
The Revolution could scarcely promote a more
beneficial change than the nearer identification of town
aud country ; as their present too great dissimilarities
are at the root of most of our political, social, and reli-
gious troubles ; and the true sourcesince they tend to
degrade womenof those difficulties with which all re-
formers have most arduously to battle. b. w.
LITERARY.
Country Homes, and How to Save Money, by Sereno
Edwards Todd, author of Todds Young Parmers
Manual, and Todds American Wheat Culturist.
No. 41 Park Row (Times building),, office of the Church
Unien.
Here are homely truths for home consumption, a
mine of them worth the whole of Pikes Peak to whoeve
can appreciate them, of whom it is to be feared ther
are few in this age of shams and shoddyocracies. But
this is not the fault of the book. For a better one of Its
kind has not been written. It is as good iu its way as
Bunyans Plain Mans Pathway to Heaven. It Isa
pathway to heaven, via a good, substantial home some-
where on earth (New Jersey preferred, it seems to
think), the next best thing, if indeed it be not a vital
part of heaven itself. It should be in every family,
and might be profitably read, or hoard read, by every
member of every family at least once a year, and
searched like the Scriptures, daily. The Revolu-
tion does not recommend books because a copy is
sent to the editors. We have returned some large books
to the publishers beoause we could not even advertise
them with a good conscience. Not so wi+h this book.
The American Tract Society could not do a better thing,
never did do a better thing than to scatter it everywhere
among human habitations. It treats of almost every-
thing relating to home economy, buying a farm, culti-
vating, fruit-growing, fencing, repairing, stock-growing,
everything out of doors ; and then it goes in doors and
talks admirably about all the economies there; with most
thoughtful regard for the feelings and opinions of the
wife, mother, daughter or whoever is the manager, and
who may therefore be supposed to know her own busi-
ness best after all. Mr. Todd has profound respect for
woman, though he halts a little on her right of Suffrage.
But be will doubtless mend his pace in the next edition.
The good sense pervading his whole book, especially
sense of justice, is assurance that he is silent only
through want of thought and investigation. His bints
on habits, dress, diet, behavior, expenditure, every-
thing that pertains to the family in all its departments
are admirable. But we may be too lavish in commen-
dation. Of its stem rebuke of some foolish a ad per-
nicious practices, we give the following as specimen,
and close this hasty notice.
Look here, boys I Young men, in hot haste for grati-
fication, pleasure and money, hearken a moment. In
June, 1868,1 was forty-eight years old. And will you
believe me, when I tell you that I have never tasted of
tobacco in any form, and never bad a cigar in my hand ?
Yet tnat is the truth. And I never will touch the filthy
thing. The janitor laid one on my desk. I took the
detestable thing up with my scissors, and hove it out at
the window. Do you know that there are hundreds of
men in the city, whose bills for cigars and tobacco only,
are $100, $200, and in some instances, as high as $600 a
year each? It is shocking. I know yonng men who
spend each, $1.25 every day for cigars I It is terrible to
contemplate 1
Parents, guardians, keep your sons aud employees
away from bar-rooms and miserable restaurants, where
tho vile and foul-monthid meet to entertain each other.
They win learn nothing desirable at such places. On
the contrary, they will learn everything that is vulgar,
obscene, vicious, licentious, immoral and everything
else that win corrupt and defile and rain the boy and
the mau for time and for all eternity. They learn to
gamble ; to spend money for everything aud anything ;
to drink intoxicating beverages ; to spend aU their pre-
cious evenings in revelry, dissipation and midnight
debauchery; and above all and more than aU, they
ft* lUVtflutitftt.'
learn to disrespect and dishonor their parents, and that
female virtue is somethingyet nothing! Oh, how
many pure-minded young men, who were taught that
virtuous females were as pure as angels of light, have
been persuaded to believe, by frequenting bar-rooms,
that female virtue is a delusion that may be bought foi
paltry gold!
Where is the City? Boston : Roberts Brothers.
1868. Such is the whole title page of a book ot nearly
three hundred and fifty pages, all about Israel Knight in
search of a church, like Japhet of his Father, or more
like Ccelebs in search of a wife. Israol is a good young
mau, or who would be good if he could, or knew how,
fresh from college and classes, but iunocent apparently
of all religious training or teaching, and wiling, or wish-
ing rather, to be led into all truth. He confidently be-
lieved there was a true church and he longed to find it.
In his intense earnestness he applied to his guardian
and uncle, Ephraim Stearns. Uncle Ephraim was about
as intelligible as tbe Sphinx, or the Delphian oracle j.
only counselling him, look for yourself ; but my
advice is, look on all sides before you cleave to any.
Then Israel thought of books, of religious Encyclope-
dias, but he remembered that
Books as affected are as men,
and finally he concluded to travel and make discovery
aud observation. So Bible in hand, or New Testament
(a Greek one, too, printed iu 1656), he set forth. He first
encountered the Baptists and entered with right good
will into what they taught. Unde Ephraim heard that
he was about to become a Baptist and wrote to know
what he meant by a Baptist? informing him that there
were at least nine different divisions of that sect in this
country alone. He farther assured him that the regular
Baptists, indeed that all the sects have at least four
faces like the cherubim of the prophet's vision, namely :
the face of a man, 'the face of a lion, tbe face of an ox
and the face of an eagle, and warned him to beware of
the eagle! in every sect
To make our story short, Israel next tried the Con-
gregationalista, then the Methodists, the Episcopalians
the Quakers, the Swedenborgians, the Spiritualists, the
Universalists and the Unitarians, but he iound too
much lion in them all. So he wrote Uncle Ephraim again,
to that effect. His uncle was now able to extricate or at
least greatly tc aid him, and the book ends very pleas-
antly on the whole, Israel finding at last Where is the
City, though it was notin any ot the organized sects.
. The descriptions of the denominations visited, the
conversations with leading members, the sermons
prayers and administering of the ordinances by the min-
isters and the general maimer of their worship and
statement of their form of doctrine, all pervaded by a
kindly and candid spirit, make the book really interest-
ing ; and it may be read too with great profit by very
large numbers of the American people.
LONGFELLOW AS A LION.

The London Cosmopolitan measures Mr.
Longfellow and Charles Dickens together
after this sort:
There seems to be a commendable disposition on tbe
part of tbe English public to reciprocate, by a most cor-
dial welcome given to the paet LongfelloW, tbe hospital! -
ties recently bestowed bv the Americans upon Mr.
Charles Dickens. There is no doubt that Mr. Longfellow
bas many honest admirers in England ; and Mr. Charles
Dickens is equally esteemed in America. But in all the
numerous notices ot Longfellows poem9 that have ap-
peared in the columns of the British press since the ar-
rival of the poet in England, not one that we have seen
has accorded to him the rank of a first-class poet. Es-
pecially have the critics of London newsapers spokeu of
him in their usual patronising tone touching everything
American, as a second or third-rate poet, the
writer of some clever .verses, etc., ect., while others
have attempted to disparage by ridicule that noble alle-
gory of human lifeExcelsioreven criticising the
syntax of the learned Harvard Professor, who ought,
they say, to have called his song Excelsium!
Nevertheless, this New England poet, the author of
Hyperion, the Voices of the Night, and Hia-
watha, is the fashion of the day, the lion of the hour.
Next to Sir Robert Napier and the Duke of Edinburgh,
he is more run after by photographers, and others who
are ambitious to use him as an advertising medium, than
any man in England. Mr. Dickens went to America to
make money. Mr. Longfellow came to England to make
a visit, and yet a whole legion of Baranms are trying t
make money out of him. The crystal Palace Showman
wants to get hold of him in order to attract a crowd, and
bring grist to /us mill, and swell the receipts of the rail-
way companies. The Queen invites Mr. Longfellow tp
let her see him at Windsor, and lo, the whole patent
nobility of the realm are eager to reoeive the American
minstrel after this act of Royal condescension and conse-
cration We wonder if her Majesty has ever invited the
poet Mackay, one of her own subjeots, to dine at h3r
table, whose sweet songs have gladdened, with holiday
hope, the hearts of millions of poor workers on both
sides of the Atlantic, and which will continue to cheer
the hearts of millions yet to be! But we forget;
there is no precedent for this in the history of British
literature. The poet Burns never saw the inside of an
English palace, while Leigh Hunt, the author of Abou
Ben Adhem, was familiar with the inside of an English
prison! England generally honors her ownpoets and
piophets a few centuries after they are dead. It is in
Westminister Abbey, not in Buckingham Palace, tha
Englands greatest men receive the nationshospitalities
Ralph Waldo Emerson says he never expects to
leave the country again, as he has not time to travel,
and nothing is to be gained abroad that cannot be had
at home.
Our earnest neighbor of the Christian Union,
says the Pittsburg Advocate growls terribly at
two women and one man engaged in getting
up a Revolution.
In Type.Much valuable matter; and mor
on file.
MAURIEO,
RugolesWseelock.In Janesville, Wis., on the 11th
inst., by Mrs. H. F. M. Brown of Chicago, Gen. J. M.
Ruggles and Miss Elvira Wheelock.
Editor's of the Revolution:
Tbe bride is one of your subscribers and workers.
She would like her marriage in The Revolution.
H. F. M. Brown.
P.S.Do you ask if I am an ordained minister? Yes.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Gi'eenbacJcs for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Watt Street emanci
paled from Sank of England, or American Cash
for American Sills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mbbttier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sett foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens REMANS
A PENNY OCEAN POS7AGE, to Strength-
en the Srotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
VOL. n.NO. 7.
Talk among tlie Brokers in Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers is the troubled condition
of the cliques and their efforts to keep the stock market
from
RUNNING INTO A PANIC.
The talk is Chat
LOCKWOOD AND HENRY KEEP HAVE STUCK RUEFUL
RUFUS
and his crowd with the Northwest shares, and that


ft* §^V0tuti0U.
CHAPLAIN HATCHS
faith that he is going to get out of the scrape that he is
in by sticking his Mends with his Northwest load is one
of those beautiful delusions that brought
'SWEET WILLIAM TO GRIEF
in these same North west shares and Erie two years ago.
The talk is that
RUFUS THE RUEFUL
when ho sold puts on North west common and pre-
ferred, expeoted that operators would buy against the
puts, but when he found out that they were going to
hold the puts and put the stock, then
RUFUS THE RUEFUL SAW HIS GAME WAS UP
and would sell no more * puts. The talk is that
Lockwoods, henpy keep and uncle tjaniel
are going to get Erie down and a short interest in it at
low prices, that they may twist the price up to a high
figure and.clean out the shorts. The talk is that
BLOODGOODS ARE BORROWING
all the New York Central tbey can, to make it scarce,
that
JOHN STEWARD, JR., BANKER,
and others may sell aud stick the public. The talk is
that
COMMODORE VANDERBILT IS OUT OF ERIE
and holds only a moderate a mount of New York Central,
and that he is not going to interfere any more with stock
speculations. The talk is that the inside parlies in
ROCK ISLAND
have been selling out, and that a new issue of stock will
be made to raise money to complete the road. The talk
is that the
GERMAN BANKERS
have filled up the European markets with our govern-
ment bonds, and that they have overdone the thing by
sending so many bonds to Europe. The talk is that the
BANES AND MONEY LENDERS LOOK FOR TROUBLE
among the oliques, and clique stocks this Fail, and that
they reject the clique stocks as eallafcerale. The talk is
that
SECRETARY MCCULLOCH
is going to make the
MONEY MARKET TIGHT THIS FALL
by selling more bonds, and that there will be lively
times in Wall street from his manoeuvres. The talk is
that the
TREASURY DEPARTMENT RING
of gold gamblers and stock-jobbers expect to have a high
time generally in gold and government bonds this Fall.
THE MONEY MARKET
is hardening and more active, call loans being made
chiefly at 4 per cent., and discounts at 6 to 7 per cent,
the lower rate being for primo names and short dates.
It is probable that the Western drain to move the crops,
will be sharper and more continuous than it was last
year, on cccount of the increased production aDd the de
sire to realize early. The bank loans reached their maxi-
mum on July 11, and the bank statement for this week
shows the progress of contraction. The loans are de-
creased $1,947,166, and the deposits the large amount of
$8,155,465, and the legal tenders $1,116,067. The specie
is decreased $1,890,577, and the amount now held by the
New York City banks is $22,953,850.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week
Aug. 8 Aug. 15. Differences.
Loans, $279,755,786 $277,808,620 Dec. $ 1,947,166
Specie, 24,784,427 22,953,850 Dec. 1,830,577
Circulation, 84,074,874 84,114,087 Inc. 39,718
Deposits, 231,716,492 223,561,087 Dec. 8,155,405
Legal-tonders, 74,051,548 72,935,481 Dec. 1,116,067
THE GOLD MARKET
was active and firm throughout tho week, though
towards the close, it was somewhat weaker, owing to
heavy short sales by a leading stock operator, and a com-
bination of others being formed to sell down the price
of gold, in order to affect the stock market, and by a
similar movement in Erie to produce a general panic.
The market, however, (dosed firm, and the probabilites
are, that the price will advance instead of decrcasin -.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday 8, 147% 147% 146% 147%
Monday, 10, 146% 147% 146% 146%
Tuesday, 11, 146 146% 145% 146%
Wednesday, 12, 146% 146% 146% U6%
Thursday, 13, ' 147% 117% 147% 147%
Friday, 14, 148 148 146% 146%
Saturday, 15, 146% 146% 146% 146%
Monday, 17, 147% 147.% 140% 146%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
^as dull and heavy throughout the week, but firmer at
the close as follows : Prime bankers 60 days sterling bill
109% to 109% and sight 109% to 109%. Bankers bills
against bonds sixty days sterling were sold at 109 to 109%.
and sight 109% to 109%. Bankers francs on Paris 60 days
5.17% (o 5.16% and sight 5-15 to 5.13%.
the RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was dull and heavy, and toward the close weak and pan-
icky. The outside holders of the stocks seem disposed
.to realize in the expectation of a closer money market
next month.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 46 to 47 ; Boston W. P., 15% to 16% ;
Cumberland, 30 to 80 ; Quicksilver, 20% to 21%; Mari-
posa, 4 to 6; Mariposa preferred, 7 to 9 ; Pacific
Mail, 101% to 102; W. U. Xel., 34% to 34%; New
York Central, 126% to 126%; Erie, 52% to 52% ; do*
preferred, 69% to 70% ; Hudson River, 136% to 137 ;
Reading, 90% to 90% ; Wabash. 50% to 51; Mil. & St.
P.f 71 to 71%; do. preferred 80% to 81; Fort Wayne, 1C7%
to 107% ; Ohio & Miss., 29 to 29% ; Mich. Cen., 119 to
121 ; Mich. South, 83 to 83% ; 111. Central, 145% to
146% ; Pittsburg, 86 to 86%; Toledo, 98% to 98%; Rock
Island, 98% to 99 ; North Western, 80% to 80% ; do
preferred, 80% to' 80%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were dull throughout the week, and prices were lower at
the close.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881, 114 to 114% ; Coupon, 1881, 114% to
114% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 108% to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20,
1862, 113% to 113% ; Coupon, 5^20, 1864, 109% to 109%;
Coupon, 5-20,1865,111% to 111% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865.
Jan. and July, 108 to 108%; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
107% to 107% ; CoupoD, 5-20, 1868, 107% to 107% ;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 104% to 104% ; 10-40 Coupon, 108%
to 108% ; September Compounds, 1865,118% ; October
Compounds, 1865,118.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
fortbe week were $2,830,432 in gold against $2,549,000,
$2,510,000 and $2,215,119 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $4,312,898
in gold against $6,046,093 $5,695,166 and $3,813,444 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $2,509,312 in currency against $2,505,994, $2,976,-
585, and $2,638,195 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $653,498 against $2,896,532 $715,592
and $1,463,249 for the preceding weeks.

UR NEXT PRESIDENT.
LOOK!
WHO HAS THE BEST HEAD ? See September
No. PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL, for Portraits and
Characters of all the Candidates, GRANT, COLFAX,
SEYMOUR, BLAIR, and others. Ready next week.
Newsmen will have it. Only 80 cts., or $3 a year. Ad-
dress S. R. WELLS, No. 389 Broadway, N. Y.
mHE NEW METHOD OP TEACHING
X GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 3l3th,
may be had by addressing the authoress,
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey.
WHAT SHALL WE EAT?The question
of HUMAN FOOD, always important, is doubly
so now, when our BEEF is said to be diseased. The
best works on the subject are
FOOD AND DIET, containing an Analysis of every
kind of Food and Drink. By Dr. J. Pereira. Edited by
Dr. C. A. Lee. $1 75.
FRUITS AND FARINACEA THE PROPER FOOD
OF MAN. With notes and engraved illustrations. $1.75.
Agents Wanted.
THE SCIENCE OF HUMAN LIFE, ON DIET, PHY-
SIOLOGY, ANATOMY, etc. By Sylvester Graham, with
a biography. $3.60.
PHILOSOPHY OF DIGESTION. The Principles of
Dietetics. By Dr. Combe. 60 cents. THE STORY OF
A STOMACH. By a Reformed Dyspeptic. 75 cents.
HYDROPATHIC COOK BOOK, with new recipes $1.50.
SOBER AND TEMPERATE LIFE, with notes and illus
trations, by Conaro. 50 cents. PHILOSOPHY OF
EATING. By Dr. Bellows. $2. Sent first post by
S. R. WELLS, No, 389 Broadway, N. Y.
Ill
750 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can.be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
lino for long distances at once. It is now probable that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line (f its opera-
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road ; also United
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sur-
mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as se&rity, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount may
be paid in services rendered by the Company in trans-
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNINGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during tho
year ending June 30, 1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
but they certainly prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
ARE ENTIRELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Company's Office in the city of New York, at
the rate ot six per- cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in. determining the
value ot these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a long bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume tbat during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they .are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the oheapest security in the market, and re-
serve the right to advance the price at any time. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in draits or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will he sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
lished by the Company, giving fuller information than
possible in an advertisement, respecting the Progress of
the Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value ot the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
August 12, 1868. New York,


112
gUvolutifltt.
The Revolution;
THE OBGAN OF THE
p^ORTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
229 BROADWAY, Corner Barclay Sheet,
NEW YORE.
NATIONAL PARTY OB1 NEW AMERICA.
THE FIRST INSTITUTION OF ITS KIND IN THE
WORLD
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
To devise and offer to t be Insarin? Public
ABSOLUTE SECUBITY WITH THE LARGEST
LIBERTY.
RESPONSIBILITIES.
POLICIES SECURED BY PLEDGE OF PUBLIC
STOCKS,
Like the circulation of National Banks, by being
REGISTERED
JJ1ARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN. AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m. ^
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, .
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New Yore.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
1. In PoliticsUniversal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with the People!
2. In ReltgionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Science not Superstition.
9. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; ColdJWater,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Roform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton and Corn, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the Worldj
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People tho Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Penny Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright the chain of
riondship between them and their Fatherland.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
$10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ) E
PARKER PILLSBURY, \
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
IN NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT.
Contain none of the Usual Restrictions
IN TRAVEL, RESIDENCE, OR THE ORDINARY
EMPLOYMENTS,
Anywhere outside the Torrid Zone.
OFFICERS:
N. D. MORGAN, Pres. T. T. MERWIN, Vice-Pres.
J. W. MERRILL, Secy. GEO. ROWLAND, Actuary.
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in Monmouth County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
MUSICAL BOXES,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments;
Voix Celestes (Celestial Voices), Orgonoclcides, Mando-
lines. Expressives, Picolos, Bells, Drums, Castinets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable.
They are fine ornaments lor the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions for the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
M. J. PAILLARD & CO Importers, No. 21 Maiden
Lane (up stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
26-29
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal,
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
world. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be had of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
ATHILDA A. McCORD,
513 CHESTNUT STREET,
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
pRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
. OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O- JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
YyOMEN ARTISTS.
MISS S> E. FULLER,
WOOD ENGRAVER,
_____ 863 BROADWAY.____________
pENEDICTS
TRADE TIME mark
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St.
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases'. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
691 BROADWAY.
37 Park Row (Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months' insertion, per line...............16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row, New York,
(,THE REVOLUTION**
,oHy bo had of the American News Company, New
York ; Western News Company, Chicago; Missouri Book
and News Company, St. Louis, Mo., andof the large
News Dealers throughout the^country.
[E. J. JOHNSTON, Publisher,
SEEPS ON HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT OF
SPIRITUAL AND LIBERAL BOOKS,
PAMPHLETS AND PERIODICALS.
ALSO A SUPPLY OF STATIONERY, ETC.
MS* The patronage of friends and the public gene-
rally is iespeotfully solicited. 4-9
CLOTHING! CLO THING! CLOTHING!
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MENS AND BOYS CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and dispatch, by the
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules and Price-List seut by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts,, N. Y.
jy/£RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUTS, MO.,
Besides u general practice, gives special attention toal
diseases of women, and o the duties of an Accoucheuse.
PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by .
Hour of Prayer, **
View on Hudson near West Point, **'
Life in the Wood, ** *
The Cavalry Camp. *
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
of George Washington,-Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
ISSES ABB1E T. CRANE,
FRANCES KETCHAM, and
LAURA E. BOWER,
DESIGNERS and ENGRAVERS ON WOOD
763 BROADWAY.
HEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekmau St, top floor j