Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
\Jt Jbturlatim
4
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. n.NO. 8. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 27, 1868. WHOLE NO. 34.
Cl)t Hcinilntion.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORE CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER. PILLSBBRY, ) Mltow
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE
Skaneateles, August 15, 1868.
Dear Revolution : Still among the
Quakers. We have seldom met a more liberal
and comprehensive mind, than that of our host,
Anson Lapham. Though he is a man of few
words, it is easily seen that his sympathies are
all with the progressive ideas of the age. He
thinks with John Stuart Mill, that of all the re-
forms, the education and enfranchisement of
woman is the most important and far reaching
in its consequences. Although Friends have not
yet introduced music in their churches, we find
pianos, games, dancing, and croquet permitted
in their homes, wherever we go. Travelling in
England some years since, we were equally sur-
prised to find the disciples of George Fox living
in princely mansions, with parks, deer, servants
in livery, and wine on all their tables. The
question arose at dinner yesterday, why Quakers
were not persecuted as they once were. One
smooth Friend remarked, Because they had
learned to obey the influences of the spirit, which
led them in the ways of peace, made them as wise
as serpents, and as harmless as doves. Say
rather, said Miss Anthony, who always hits the
nail on the head, That they have settled down
in the quiet, devoted themselves to money-
making, and let the world wag its way. If they
were as faithful in protesting against the abuses
of this day, as their ancestors Were a century
ago, they would still suffer persecution for their
opinions. But whatever their shortcoming's
may be, they are a moial, thoughtful, thrifty
people, and superior, in many respects, to all
other sects of Christianity. Go where you will,
you find them well clothed, housed, fed, and
educated. Their creed requires them to feed
and educate their poor, hence, you never see a
beggar in the Quaker vineyard, nor a child that
cannot read.
But while thinking themselves flee from all
forms, and moved by the teachings of the spirit,
they are as much bound by their peculiar forms
as any sect, and limit tue spirits influences to
those who agree with them. Singularly enough,
with their high ideas of th9 spirit, the more
wandering, incoherent, and pointless a dis-
course is, the more faith they seem to have in
its inspiration. When we sit in country meet*
ng-houses, where people have come for miles
round to hear something that might suggest
pleasant and profitable thoughts for the week,
we always.have a feeling that the inspirations
of good writers, in their ^ closets, gathered
through months and years of thought and ob-
servation, would be more desirable .than pro-
found silence, or the crude, undigested ideas of
those who have thought only on the surface of
the sublime questions of the century. One
thing Is certain, if the Quaker sect is to continue
another century, it must have an educated min-
istry, or the young Friends will continue in
the future, as they have for the past thirty years,
to leave the tabernacles of their Fathers, and go
where they can have good music, and well writ-
ten sermons. Discussing the doctrines of
Friends with Letitia Alice, a beautiful
young Quakeress, she remarked, that Friends
should remember that the spirit is life, and
where there is life there is action. It may be
well to rest in the quiet, believing that God will
do all things in good time, yet, while he guides
the winds and the waves, he must have men at
his command to hold the rudder and set the
sails, in order to bring the ship into a safe
harbor.
Among other things that Skaneateles can
boast, is a good dentist. Dr. Harris, pulled a
tooth for us with so much skill, that it was a
real pleasure to lose it. We always doubt the
doctrine of free agency when afflicted with
toothache, for how seldom even a Christian
philosopher is able promptly to undo the tie
that binds him to an incorrigible grinder, even
though in the higher court of morals and intel-
lect, judgment has been given for speedy execu-
tion It is surprising into what an agony of
doubt and bewilderment the human soul can be
, thrown at the prospect of even a short sojourn
in a dentist's chair. How sedulously we try by
day to forget the pain, and reason ourselves into
the belief that it is passing away, and how
heroically we resolve each night that when day-
light comes we will promptly end our misery !
Thus we vacillated for two weeks between hope
and fear, with no power to face the difficulty,
vainly postponing the inevitable. Oh, reader! we
can sympathize with you in like sufferings, and
laugh with you over all the absurdities you have
committed in one long night of toothache,
for we did all that could be done under sulh
circumstances. Though a rigid Homoeopathist,
we armed ourselves with all the oils and tinc-
tures of myrrh, cloves, nutgall, chloroform,
opium, camphor, etc., etc., as a dernier resort;
then with a bag oi hops under our head we be-
gun the night with a short nap! rising to a
hasty reading of Jarrs Manual, (good Homoeo-
pathic authority!) we took in turn all the medi-
cine's with the longest and most high sounding
names, such as Antimonium crudum, Carbo Ve-
gatabilis, St&phisayrin, Hyaoscyamus, Nuxmos-
chata, and wound up with all the tilla's, milla's
and reas recommended under the head tooth-
ache for, on close analysis, we found that in our
case, was summed up the distilled misery oi
every other, and no one specific could cover all
the symptoms. But against all these angelic in-
fluences, the tooth stood implacable, unap-
peased; then shades of Hahneman forgive, we
turned to the grosser oils and tinctures, and in
chloroform and opium we at least found peace!
having first firmly resolved, that not another
sun should set on such weakness. With our
courage at white heat, we started out Sunday
afternoon to find a dentist. We got track of
him about five oclock, when to our chagrin, we
found he had gone to church. Knowing that
courage, like the tides of the ocean, ebbs and
flows, we did not dare to postpone ; so we fol-
lowed him to church, asked the sexton if he be-
longed to the choir, for we thought if any of the
choral harmonies depended on him, it would
not do to call him out, but ascertaining that he
was merely a devout worshipper, with no re-
sponsibility, but responding in the right place,
and confessing himself a miserable sinner,
we summoned him to the relief of one more
miserable than himself, and in company with
Miss Anthony proceeded to the torture. A New
York dentist told us, that he once pulled a tooth
for Gen. Scott, and that,the General actually
fainted away in the chair at the sight of his in-
strument. Feeling that we had the honor of the
American dfrong-minded to mamtaid, we calmly
and triumphantly went through the operation.
While we were on the rack, our companion in-
troduced The Revolution, and from some
closing remarks as we left the office, we fear
that the good Dr. Harris is henceforth to have
his family peace disturbed by the weekly visits
of that rebellious journal.
Johnstown, Aug. 50.
As we glided down the Mohawk valley, dis-
cussing with Miss A. the virtues of the friends
we had left, as well as those we expected to
meet, a gentleman passed through the cars to
count the votes for Grant and Seymour. In
passing we quietly remarked, why do you not
ask us ? He said, I am taking the names of
voters only. Yes, we replied, but gentlemen
tell us, that we control the votes of fathers,
husbands and sons ; so as every woman on
board may represent several votes,it is impor-
tant to get their opinions, in order to know hovr
public sentiment stands with reference to the
leading candidates. He passed on, seemingly
puzzled with the suggestion, but soon returned
to ask who was our candidate. Chase, we re-
plied, as he is in favor of Womans Suffrage.
He told us the vote on board was to two one in
favor of Grant. We remarked it was not a fair
test, as Seymour'3 friends were too poor to
travel.
A good democrat from Pennsylvania, hearing
our defence of his declining party, came and
introduced himself to us as a believer in Wo-
mans Suffrage and subscribed for The Revo-
lution. He talked very sensibly and earnestly
on the whole question. He said it was not so
much, in itself, to vote and hold office, but it
was degrading to be forbidden to do either, and
all men and boys so regarded it. He told us of
meeting a little boy a few days before, and asking


114

*
him how many children his mother had, he re-
plied, If you count the girls there are'four,
but I am the only boy. Thus manifesting the
same conceit as the fathers who begin all their
constitutions, We, the people, meaning only
white males, while the negroes and women
constitute seven-twelfths of the population.
Here at the old homestead we find a pleasant
circle. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel C. Eaton, who
have just returned from a two years* so-
journ on the Continent, Mr. and Mrs. Jud-
son Northrup from Syracuse, and a young
divine, Donald MGregor, a graduate of Tale.
As soon as wo arrived, we were attacked on all
sides by that cruel item in the New York Times
charging The Revolution with indel-
icacy in Mr. Trains letters. Emerson says,
We read ourselves into books 1 It is a little
singularthat the Times is never attracted to any
of the grand things uttered in The Revolu-
tion, but ever to those it deems of questionable
propriety. However, there is a charitable view
to be taken of its criticisms. It is certainly
flattering that the Times reads us with atten-
tion, and its strong desire that we should be
above reproach showS'-an interest in our suc-
cess, for which we should be truly grateful.
We had the pleasure of reading aloud to a par-
lor of gentlemen and ladies that amusing article
in the Tribune on the Womans Rebellion in
Chioago. It is, as the writer touchingly says,
a rebellion which comes home to every mans
business and bosom, and proposes to involve
fully 15,000,000 of American citizens in the gi-
gantic revolt. There is only one remedy, Mr.
Tribune, for such an impending catastrophe, and
that is to give woman a free pass to the whole
universe of matter and mind. She has been
on the limits, long enough. It is high time to
amend your creeds, and codes, and constitu-
tions, and grant us all the rights, privileges and
immunities you claim for man.
Discussing Hollands assertion that women
have never been inventors, Mt. Eaton told us
that when abroad, he heard of a certain Clem-
entine Closterfrau (nun) who discovered a
Cologne water which ranks second to none in
the world, and in Prussia, and other countries,
has already supplanted the Cologne of Jean
Maria Eerina, manufactured, as all the world
knows, at Gegenuber dem JulichPlatz. She
had the tact and force to turn her discovery to
good account; forsaking the convent, where
her energies were limited, she established a
manufactory and emporia, which has enriched
herself and family, and carried her name on the
wings of fame to the remotest part of the
globe. Thus, buried in a convent, by mere in-
tuition (as woman has not the gift of reason),
by one bound has Clementine surpassed all the
male chemists who have been experimenting in
perfumes for centuries.
Mrs. Northrup and the .young theologian
from Tale are having a protracted discussion,
maintained alike on the croquet ground and
highway, whether human nature is the same
now as when Christopher Columbus discovered
America. Being appealed to, we said no ; that
this generation is better, by four centuries of
civilization, than the men of that period ; that
our moral ideas and spiritual perceptions im-
prove steadily with our material and intellectual
achievements. Some fair ladies are so happy
in believing that man is deceitful above all
things and desperately wicked, that they cannot
accept the new philosophy of progress, that the
race is growing better and better, unto the per-
fect day. jg, o, g.
TEE BIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT 1790.
CHAPTER V .
ANIMADVERSIONS ON SOME OF THE WRITERS WHO
HAVE RENDERED WOMEN OBJECTS OF PITY,
BORDERING ON CONTEMPT.
Throughout there is a display of cold, artificial feel-
ings. and that parade of sensibility which hoys and girls
should be taught to despise as the sure mark of a little
vain mind. Florid appeals are made to heaven, and to
the beauteous innocents, the fairest images oi heaven here
below, whilst sober sense is left far behind. This is not
the language of the heart, nor will it ever reach it,
though the ear may he tickled.
I shall be told, perhaps, that the public have been
pleased with these volumes. Trueand Herveys Medi-
tations are still read, though he equally sinned against
sense and taste.
I particularly object to the lover-like phrases of pumped
up passion, which are everywhere interspersed. If wo-
men be ever allowed to walk without leading-striDgs,
why must they be cajoled into virtue by artful flattery
and sexual compliments? Speak to them the language
of truth aod soberness, and away with thelullaby strains
of condescending endearment! Let them be taught to
respect themselves as rational creatures, and not led to
have a passion for their own insipid persons. It moves
my gall to hear a preacher descanting on dress and
needle-work ; and still more, to hear him address the
British fair, the fairest of the fair, as if they had only
feelings.
Even recommending piety he uses the following argu-
ment : Never, perhaps, does a fine woman strikemore
deeply, than when, composed into pious recollection,
and possessed with the noblest considerations, she as-
sumes, without knowing it, superior dignity and new
graces; so that the beauties of holiness seem to radiate
about her, and the by-standers are almost induced to
fancy her already worshipping amongst her kindred an-
gels I Why are women to be thus bred up with a de-
sire of conquest? the very epithet used in this sense
gives me a sickly qualm! Do religion and virtue offer
no stronger motives, no brighter reward? Must they
always be debased by being made to consider the sex of
their companions? Must they he taught always to be
pleasing? And when levelling their small artillery at
the heart of man. is it necessary to tell them that a little
sense is sufficient to render their attention incredibly
soothing? As a small degree of knowledge entertains
in a woman, so from a woqian, though for a different
reason, a small expression of kindness delights, particu-
larly if she have beauty I I should have supposed for
the same reason.
Why are girls to be told that they resemble angels, but
to sink them below women ? Or that a gentle, innocent
female is an object that comes nearer to the idea which
we have formed of angels than any other. Yet they are
told, at the same time, that they are only like angels
when they are young and beautiful; consequently, it is
their persons, not their virtues, that procure them this
homage.
Idle, empty words I what can such delusive flattery
lead to, but vanity and folly ? The lover, it is true, has
a poetic license to exalt his mistress ; his reason is the
bubble of his passion, and he does not utter a falsehood
when he borrows the language of adoration. His imag-
ination may raise the idol of his heart, unblamed, above
humanity ; and happy would it be for women if they
were only flatteredby the men who loved them,; I mean,
who love the individual, not the sex ; hut should agrave
preacher interlard his discourses with such fooleries ?
In sermons or novels, however, voluptuousness is al-
ways true to its text. Men are allowed by moralists to
cultivate, as nature directs, different qualities, and as-
sume the different characters, that the same passions,
modified almost to infinity, give to each individual. A
virtous man may have a choleric or sang*tine constitu-
tion, be gay or grave, unreproved ; be firm till he is al-
most overbearing, or, weakly submissive, have no will or
opinion of his own ; but all women are to be levelled,
by meekness and docility, into one character of yielding
softness and gentle compliance.
I will use the preachers own words. Let it be ob-
served that in your sex manly exercises are never grace-
ful ; that in them a tone and figure, as well as an air and
deportment of the masculine kind are always forbid-
ding ; and that men of sensibility desire in every woman
soft features, and a flowing voice, a lorm not robust, and
demeanor delicate and gentle.
Is not the following portraitthe portrait of a house
slave ? X am astonished at the folly of many women,
who are still reproaching their husbands for leaving
them alone, for preferring this or that company to theirs
for treating them wi h this and the other mark of disre
card or indifference; when, to 6peak the truth, they
have themselves in a great measure to blame. Not that
I would justify the men in anything wrong on their part.
But had you behaved to them with more respectful ob-
servance, and a more equal tenderness; studying their
humors, overlooking their mistakes, submitting to their
opinions in matters indifferent; passing by little in.
stances of unevenness, caprice, or passion, giving soft
answers to baety words, complaining as seldom as pos-
sible, and making it your daily care to relieve their anx-
ieties, and anticipate their wishes, to enliven the hour of
dulness, and call up the ideas of felicity : had you pur-
sued this conduct, I doubt not but you would have main-
tained and even increased their esteem, so far as to have
secured every degree of influence that could oonduce to
their virtue, or your mutual satisfaction; and your
house might at this day have been the abode of domes-
tic bliss. Such a woman ought to be an angelor
she is an assfor I discern not a trace of the human
character, neither reason nor passion in this domestic
drudge, whose being is absorbed in that of a tyrant's.
Still Dr. Fordyce must have very little acquaintance
with the human heart, if he really supposed that such
conduct would bring back wandering love instead of ex -
citing contempt. No, beauty, gentleness, etc., etc., may
gain a heart; but esteem, tbe only lasting affection, can
alone be obtained by virtue supported by reason. It is
respect for the understanding that keeps alive tender-
ness for the person.
As these volumes are so frequently put into the hands
of young people, I have taken more notice of them than,
strictly speaking, they deserve ; but as they have con-
tributed to vitiate tbe taste, and enervate the under,
standing of many of my iellow-creatures, I could not
pass them silently over.
SECTION m.
Such paternal solicitude pervades Dr. Gregory's Le-
gacy to his daughters that I enter on the task of criti-
cism with affectionate respect; but as this little volume
has many attractions to recommend it to the notice of
the most respectable part of my sex, I cannot silently
pass over arguments that so speciously support opinions
which, I think, have had the most baneful effect on the
morals and manners of the female world.
His easy, familiar style is particularly suited to the
tenor oi his advice ; and the melancholy tenderness
which his respect for the memory of a beloved wife dif-
fuses through the whole work, renders it very interest-
ing ; yet there is a degree of concise elegance conspi-
cuous in many passages, that disturbs this sympathy ;
and we pop on the author, when we only expected to
meet thefather.
Besides, having two objects in view, he seldom adhered
steadily to either ; for, wishing to make his daughters
* amiable, and fearing lest unhappiness should only he the
consequence of instilling sentiments that might draw
them out of the track of common life without enabling
them to act with consonant independence and dignity,
he checks the natural flow of his thoughts, and neither
advises one thing nor the other.
In the preface he tells them a mournful truth, that
they will hear, at least once in their lives, the genuine
sentiments of a man who has no interest in deceiving
them. *
Hapless woman! what can be expected from thee, when
the beings on whom thou art said naturally to depend
for reason and support, have all an interest in deceiving
theel This is the root of the evil that has shed a cor-
roding mildew on all thy virtues; and blighting in the
bud thy opening faculties, has rendered thee the weak
thing thou art 1 It is this separate interestthis insi-
dious state of warfare that undermines morality and di-
vides mankind 1
If love has made some women wretchedhow many
more has the cold, unmeaning intercourse of gallantry
rendered vain and useless 1 yet this heartless attention
to the sex is reckoned so manly, so polite, that till so-
ciety is very differently organized, I fear this vestige of
gothic manners will not be done away by a more reason-
able and affectionate mode of conduct. Besides, to strip
it of its imaginary dignity, I must observe, that in the
most civilized European states, this lip-service prevails
to a very great degree, accompanied with extreme disso-
luteness of morals. In Portugal, the country that I par-
ticularly allude to, it takes place of the most serious
moral obligations; for a man is seldom assassinated
when in the company of a woman. The-savage hand of
rapine is unnerved by this chivalrous spirit; and, if the


stroke of vengeanoe cannot be stayedthe lady is en-
treated to pardon the rudeness, and depart in peace,
though sprinkled, perhaps, with her husbands or bro-
thers blood.
I shall pass over his strictures on religion, because I
mean to discuss that subject in a separate chapter.
The remarks relative to behavior, though many of
them very sensible, I entirely disapprove of, because it
appears to me to be beginning, as it were, at the wrong
end. A cultivated understanding, and an affectionate
heart, will never want starched rules of decorum, some-
thing more substantial than seemlinoss will be the re-
sult ; and, without understanding, the behavior here re-
commended would be rank affectation. Decorum, in-
deed, is the one thing needful I decorum is to supplant
nature, and banish all simplicity and variety of character
out of the female world. Yet what good end can all this
superficial counsel produce? It is, however, much
easier to point out this or that mode of behavior, than to
set the reason to work ; but when the mind has been
stored with useful knowledge, and strengthened by
being employed, the regulation of the behavior may
safely be left to its guidance.
Why, for instance, should the following caution be
given, when art of every kind must contaminate the
mind ; and why entangle the grand motives of action,
which reason and religion equally combine to enforce,
with pitiful worldly shifts and slight of hand tricks to
gain the applause of gaping, tasteless fools ? Be even
cautious in displaying your good sense.* It will be
thought you assume a superiority over the rest of the com-
pany. But if you happen to have any learning, keep it a
profound secret, especially from the men, who generally
look with a jealous and malignant eye on a woman of
great parts and a cultivated understanding. If men of
real merit, as he afterward observes, are superior to this
meanness, where is the necessity that the behavior of
the whole sex should be modulated to please fools, or
men, who, having little claim to respect as individuals,
choose to keep close in their phalanx. Men, indeed, who
insist on their common superiority, having only this
sexual superiority, are certainly very excusable.
There would be no end to rules for behavior, if it be
proper always to adopt the tone of the country ; for thus,
for ever varying the key, a fiat would olten pass for a
natural note.
Surely it would have been wiser to have advised wo-
men to improve themselves till they rose above the
fumes of vanity; and then to let the public opinion
oome roundfor where are rules of accommodation to
stop ? The narrow path of truth and virtue inclines nei-
ther to the right or left, it is a straightforward business,
and they who are earnestly pursuing their road, may
bound over many decorous prejudices, without leaving
modesty behind. Make the heart clean, and give the
head employ ment, and 1 will venture to predict that
there will be nothing offensive in the behavior.
The air of fashion, whloh many young people are so
eager to attain, always strikes me like the studied atti-
tudes of some modern prints, copied with tasteless sor -
vility after the antiques ; the soul is left out, and none
of the parts are tied together by what may properly be
termed character. This varnish of fashion, whioh sel.
dom sticks very close to sense, may dazzle the weak;
but leave nature to itself, and it will seldom disgust the
wise. Besides, when a woman has sufficient sense not
to pretend to anything whioh she does not understand in
some degree, there is no need of determining to hide
her talents under a bushel. Let things take their natu-
ral course, and all will be well.
It is this system of dissimulation, throughout the vol-
ume, that I despise. Women are always to seem to be this
and thatyet virtue might apostrophize them, in the
words of HamletSeems! I know not seems 1 Have that
within that passeth show!
Still the same tone occurs ; for in another place, after
recommending (without sufficiently discriminating) de-
licacy, he adds, The men will complain of your re-
serve. They will assure you that a franker behavior
would make you more amiable. But, trust me, they are
not sincere when thpy tell you so. I acknowledge that
on some occasions it might render you more agreeable'
as companions, but it would make you less amiable as
women : an important distinction, which many of your
sex are not aware of.
This desire of being always women, is the very con-
sciousness that degrades the sex. Excepting with a
lover, I must repeat with emphasis, a former observa-
tionit would be well if they were only agreeable or ra-
tional companions. But in this respect his advice is
* Let women once acquire good senseand if it de-
serves the name, it will teach them; or, of what use will
t be how to employ it

eVen inconsistent with a passage which I mean to quote
with the most marked approbation.
The sentiment, that a woman may allow all innocent
freedoms, provided her virtue is secure, is both grossly
indelicate and dangerous, and has proved fatal to many
of your sex. With this opinion I perfectly coincide.
A man, or a woman, of any feeling, must always wish to
convince a beloved objeot that it is the caresses of the ,
individual, not the sex, that is received and returned
with pleasure ; and that the heart, rather than the
senses, is moved. Without this natural delicacy, love
becomes a selfish personal gratification that soon de*
grades the character. 4
I carry this sentiment still further. Affection, when
love is out of the question, authorizes many personal en-
dearments, that naturally flowing from an innocentheart
give life to the behavior ; but the personal intercourse
of appetite, gallantry, or vanity is despicable. When a
man squeezes the hand of a pretty woman, handing her
to a carriage, whom he has never seen before, she will
consider such an impertinent freedom in the light of an
insult, if she have any true dolicacy, iustead of being flat-
tered by this unmeaning homage to beauty. These are
the privileges of friendship, or the momentary homage
which the heart pays to virtue, when it flashes suddenly
on the noticemere animal spirits have no claim to the
kindness of affection.
Wishing to feed the affections with what is now the
food of vanity, I would fain persuade my sex to act
from simpler principles. Let them merit love, and they
will obtain it, though they may never be told that The
power of a fine woman over the hearts of men, of men
of the finest parts, is oven beyond what she conceives.
I have already noticed the narrow cautions with re-
spect to duplicity, female softness, delicacy of constitu-
tion ; for these are the changes which he rings round
without ceasing, in a more decorous manner, it is true,
than Bousseau ; bnt it all comes home to the same
point, and whoever is at the trouble to analyze these sen-
timents, will find the first principles not quite so deli-
cate as the superstructure.
The subject of amusements is treated in too cursory a
manner; but with the same spirit.
When I treat of friendship, love, and marriage, it will
be found that we materially differ in opinion; I shall
not then forestall what I have to observe on these impor-
tant subjects ; but confine my remarks to the general
tenor of them, to that cautious family prudence, to those
confined views of partial, unenlightened affection, which
exclude pleasure and improvement, by vainly wishing to
ward off sorrow and errorand by thus guarding the
heart and mind, destroy also all their energy. It is far
better to be often deceived thau never to trust; to be
disappointed in love, than never to love; to lose a bus-
bands fondness, than forfeit his esteem.
Happy would it be for the world, and for individuals,
of course, if all this unavailing solicitude to attain
worldly happiness, on a confined plan, were turned into
an anxious desire to improve the understanding. Wis-
dom is the prinoipal thing ; therefore get wisdom ; and
with all thy gettings get understanding. How long,
ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity, and hate know-
ledge? saith Wisdom to the daughters of men!
(To he Continued.)
A 8ERM01V.
BY A LAY PREACHER.
Adam was first formed, then Eve.lTimo.il: 18.
Among those who evince more conceit than good sense,
and more effrontery than wisdom, are to be found some
who profess to believe that man is endowed with an in-
tellectual oapacity superior to that of woman ; and con-
tend that, as Adam was first In primogeniture, and con-
stituted lord of this lower world, so was he made
superior in Intellect .to Eve, who, being the second in
creation, was also second in mental power. They also
attempt to substantiate the claims of man to greater in-
telligence than woman, on the ground that husbands
are commanded to give honor unto the wife as unto the
weaker vessel. And furthermore, that it was owing to
the feebler intellect of Eve that Satan, in the great
temptation, assailed her, instead of Adam, expecting an
easier viotory.
Having assumed these facts, most complacently do
they fold their1 arms and, with a compassionate, pitying
look on woman, enjoy their fancied superiority 1 We
will now examine these claims, and see if they aro
tenable.
In the first place, then, we admit, that Adam was first
formed, for it is so stated in the text; but we nowhere
find it stated in the record that ho was formed greater
- 115
than Eve. Now, concerning the whole creation, wisdom
marks its progress at every step, and wisdom we are
commanded to follow and embrace. What man, there-
fore, if he be wise, and desirous of building a house per-
fect in all its parts, would not first prepare a model or
design of such house, in order to obtain a satisfactory
and perfect plan, before the erecting of his edifice? So
Adam was first formed. The model being approved.
Eve was then made after that model; and as no man, in
building a model for his house, uses the same valuable
materials that he employs in erecting the house itself, so
Adam was made of that coarse material called earth,
while Eve was not formed until that substance had un-
dergone a powerful changehad become purified, re-
fined, and sublimatedand then, in the perfection of
beauty and excellence, was sbe produced and given unto
Adam, to be an help, meet for him. Murk the mod-
esty of Eve : she puts in no offensive claim of superi-
ority, on the score of a more refined nature, but seems
content to live with Adam as his equaland for a while,
all was harmony in Paradise.
In the second place, we will examine the charge of
womans being weaker in intellect than man, because
she is stated to be the weaker vessel. We think that
we shall be able to prove that this has reference to phy-
sical and not to mental strength. That man has given
to him muscular strength greater than is given to
woman, we are ready to admit; and there is wis-
dom in the arrangement, since man is commanded to
labor, to support himselt and his family by the sweat
of his brow; whereas, no such commandment being
given to woman, no such great strength is. required in
her case, she being left to the culture of her mental
powers and to the sweet charities oflife.
And is the possession of physical strength any argu-
ment in favor of superiority of mind? Were not Moses
and David and Solomon weaker mux than Samson and
Goliath ? Had Samson and Goliath, therefore, greater
minds than they? Husbands are commanded to give
honor unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, hut Peter
had surely too much respect for himself and his sex to
command them to honor any who were their inferiors
by nature. Whom do men honor ? Their superiors gen-
erallytheir equals sometimestheir inferiors, never.
Had Peter considered the wives of those men whom he
was addressing as possessing minds inferior to their
own, would he not have said, he kind, be pitiful, be com-
passionate to your wives, instead of saving honor them?
Most certainly he would. And Peter, very possibly, had
the doctrine of compensation in his mind when he gave
that command, and considered that as woman was weaker
in body, so she might be even stronger in mindmore
spiritualand, therefore, entitled to honor.
We now come in the third and last place, to consider
why Satan chose Eve, instead of Adam, for his victim.
We have before said, that for a while, all was harmony in
Paradise. But there was an enemy larking near, and its
happy inmates were marked for destruction.
We understand that Adam was lord of Paradise !
How did he exercise his power? When an enemy ad-
vances on his fee, does not the commanding officer of
the antagonist army, ever on the watch, employ all his
skill, exert all his energies to baffle that enemys de-
signs, and to become himself the victor ? Does he not
take every precaution for the protection of his troops
and stand himself, if need be, in the forefront of the
battle? Did Adam so? Did he, in virtue of his high
commission and boasted superiority^ seek out the enemy
and breast his assault ? Did he even act on the defen-
sive, by keeping near the companion, cautioning her
against the foe, protecting her, if assailed, and defending
her, at the hazard of his own life? The enemy ap-
proacheswhere is Adam? Declining supinely on the
flowery banks, partaking of the luxuriant fruits and in-
haling the odoriferous perfumes of the fragrant groves
of Eden! Where is Eve? Gone forth, alone to her
work! The arch enemy assails her, tempts her to dis-
obedience, and the sad story of her fate is recorded in the
tears and groans of her race!
And now, how stands It with Adam? Had he, indeed,
possessed a stronger mind than his companion, would
not the ambitious foefor his sagacity would not have
left that point undetectedhave attacked the most
powerful, disdaining an inferior conquest? But was it
Adam whom he attacked ? On the contrary, did not bis
high ambitionan ambition which had cost him heaven
prompt him to seek the woman, that he might wreak
his vengeance on Gods mosc perfect work ? Did he not
know that, to Adam, he would have but to say, take and
ent; whereas it required all his ingenuity, all his powers
of artifice, to undermine the principles of Eve? He even
found it necessary to change the appearance of his iden-
tity, ere he could cause her to swerve from her obedience.
Again we ask, how stands it with Adam? In what did


fftb* JUvtfttttitfit*
lie
be display the mighty efforts of a mighty mind? Did he
not fall from his allegiance to his Maker, and forfeit life
without the least resistance ? The command was given
to Adam before Eve was created 1 " Thou shalt not eat
of the tree of knowledge ol good and evil; for, in the day
thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. It was,
therefore, imperative on Adam especially to obey the
law. No stratagem, no finesse were practised upon kis
understanding ; bu in the full exercise of all the facul.
ties that had been given him, he coolyand dispassion-
ately ate of the forbidden tree; and thus sealed the ruin
of the world! Surely, surely, ii Adam were gifted with
higher intellectual power than his companion, his tran-
gression was as much greater than hers as his ability
was greater to avoid it.
But there is yet another sceneand we once more ask,
how stands it with Adam ? What is this that thou hast
done? "The woman whom thou gavest to be with me,
she gave me of the tree, and I did eat!
Was it manlywas it the mark of a generous, noble
spiritwas it indicative of a superior mindthus to en-
deavor to shield himself by casting the blame upon the
woman ? Was there not meanness, was there not cow.
ardice in the reply? See you not the contracted
shoulders, the arms (dose pressed to the sides, the
trembling step, the quivering lip, the blanched cheek,
the apologetic look of Adam, as, in faltering tone, he says,
" She gave me, and I did eat ?
Alas, poor Adam I We have sought, but sought in vain,
in thy history for those proofs of a superior intellect,
which, as a sort of birth-right, is claimed by many of
thy sex, for thee and for themselves. As our first father,
our hearts, with all thy faults, still warm to thee. But
we think that the jury should not be impeached that pro-
nounces the verdict, Woman is thy equal; and Ml
thy intelligent descendants should say, Amen!
WE AT. TEE PRES8 8ATS OF US.
From the Good Templar. ,
"The Revolution. This elegantly printed paper, of
sixteen pages, has been in existence but six months, and
has gained during that short time a very luge circulation
and a wide celebrity. It is owned by Susan B. An-
thony, and edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Parker
Pillsbury. These names are an index to the character of
the paper. It Is most emphatically a bold, fearless, out-
spoken Reformer. Its motto is, "Principles, not Policy;
Justice, not favorsMen, their Rights and nothing
more : Women, their Rights and nothing less. We
believe the paper has an important mission; and though
many of Its ideas maybe in "advance of the times,
they are ideas that the civilized world miist come up to;
and our experience during the last twenty years teaches
us that we must have leaders who are in advance. Those
who would lead the public mind by keeping near the rear
will not answer for the present age. The Revolution
is publishd at 37 Park Row, New York, at $2 a year.
The Good Templar is a handsome little sheet,
published in Boston. We cordially extend to it
our hand. We are in advance of the Times,"
and that is our pride and power. The Good
Templar is also in advance of the times. It
would be a bad Templar with most of mankind
were it not. The Good Templars seem now to
be manning the Temperance ship almost exclu-
sively, and the voyage promises well under their
seamanship. We regret their alliance with the
political parties as at present constituted. It
seems absurd to support men for the highest
offices in the nation, whose habits and example
are in violation of the principles we most fondly
cherish, and that we believe lie at the very foun-
dation of human destiny. It is time to have
done praising men, living or dead, whose
Eulogy has to close with such fearful drawback
as that death was hastened by drunkenness; or
that life was darkened, and usefulness impaired
by habits of dissipation. Two illustrious in-
stances of this kind have occurred within the
last month. To this editor, at least, it seems
better to say nothing. Drunkenness and dissi.
pation are not to be atoned for by shining tal-
ents or eminent statesmanship. A nation must
be near its crisis when moral virtue is dis-
severed from intellectual genius, profound
statesmanship, or martial valor. Unless our
principles attend us to the polls, to the church,
and to whatever place of influence and power
we resort, they are not worth professing, or we
ourselves are unworihy of them. One good
temperance man, or Good Templar, supporting
a President, or Vice-President, Governor, or
Minister, known or believed to be a drunkard,
does a greater harm in our belief, than two rum-
sellers or ten inebriates. Let the Good Templar
think of it. Let all good Templars think of it.
The temperance cause, as already intimated,
seems almost wholly committed to their keep-
ing. It is a sacred charge, a holy trust. It takes
hold on the present like the truest religion it-
self ; its influence too is lasting as the human
soul. The Good Templar has the thanks of
The Revolution for its kindly notice. We
will act in friendship, harmony and brother-
hood, as far as possible.
From the Toronto Daily world.
The New York Revolution has become a very in-
teresting publication. The number for this week is full
of suggestive and entertaining, if not instructive, reading
matter. 'Whether or not women ought to vote, it is very
clear that those of the sex who are associated under the
leadership of Mrs. Stanton and Miss Anthony, can write
in the most saucy and piquant fashion; and, moreover,
know how to disarm by their wit and good humor the
most ill-natured of their adversaries.
If a woman can write entertaining and instruc-
tive matter, in piquant fashion, and with wit
and good humor, why is that terrible doubt
whether they ought to vote? Can a white man
voter, always do even so much as all this ?
From the Springfield (Ohio) Herald.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Barker Pillsbury are the
editors, and Susan B. Anthony is the proprietor, of The
Revolution, published at 37 Park Row, New York City.
Its motto is"Principles, not Policy; Justice, not
FavorsMen, thfeir Rights and Nothing More : Women
their Rights and Nothing Less. It advocates Equal
Suffrage without distinction of race, color, or sex, and
does it ably, earnestly, heroically.. It is a handsome
paper, a large paper, a paper which In these revolution-
ary times should be everywhere read. A single copy
costs but ten cents.
And cheaper yet, it is but two dollars a year.
The Eerald is right in his estimate, The Re-
volution should be everywhere read.
From the Omaha Herald.
What lady in Omaha has not heard, read or seen
" The Revolution, the greatest champion of the rights
of woman yet published, and one amongst the ablest
edited papers in the United States. We advise the ladies
to send for a specimen copy, and if they are not pleased
with Itit wont be for the lack of ability, spice, origi-
nality, and neat .snake up and typographical appearance
of the paper. It is edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Parker Pillsbury and Susan B. Anthony. Office 87 park
Row, New York.
From the Hardington (0.) Republican.
This journal, [" The Revolution ] is got up in a
typographical style, and conducted with an additional
ability that does honor to the American Press, and to
the cause it espouses; viz : an equal distribution of
rights, politically, religiously, financially and sooiall; >
without reference to race or sex, in accordance with the
principles of eternal Justice.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, one of the editors, is a host
on the side of political reform. She makes old conser-
vative gladiators for political dogmas tremble in their
boots. If the rights of women are not sufficiently
recognized by our government, the invincible pen of
Mrs. Stanton will probe deep into the falsities of na-
tional statutes until The Revolution changes the
political status of our country.
We bespeak for this journal a careful perusal.
From the Sauk Rapids (Minn.) Sentinel.
" The Revolution is the title of a paper published
in New York by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. An-
thony and Parker Pillsbury, in the interests of the rights
of woman. It is one of the spiciest, liveliest aDd most
brilliantly edited papers in the country.
From the Hamilton (N. Y.) Volunteer.
The Revolution.This spicy and ambitious ex-
ponent and earnest advocate of moral and political re-
forms has entered upon ite second volume. We are glad to
see that its path thus far has had but one thorn to impede
its progress and wound its sensibilitiesand that might
have bean avoided had its conductors been sagacious
enough to let alone the attempt to pluck roses from the
barren bush of modern democracy. If "The Revolu-
tion would be successful in striving for Woman Suf-
frage, it should forswear all party conventions for a few
years, and in the meantime educate tile people to belief
in their doctrines and views, when they will demand and
obtain it. "The Revolution is one of tbe most en-
tertaining papers on our exchange list, and every woman
who has a mind and a soul above lashion and frivolity
should be a thorough reader of its fruitful pages.
We thank the Volunteer for its counsel as well
as its favorable notice. As to that 44 thorn,** we
need only say after the many explanations and
deflnings of our position heretofore given, that
we had to endure the same counsellings,
criticisms and censures from the democratic
party while we were endeavoring to win the re-
publicans over to our cause. But failing the re-
publicans altogether, we turned our friendly
glances towards the democrats, in the same?
way and for the same purpose. We had already'
tried the Anti-Slavery Society in vain. When
we courted the republicans, the Anti-Slavery
Society complained. When we turned to the?
democrats, republicans found fault. But re-
jected by all three alike ( foreswearing all
party conventions), our last resort is our-
selves and the people, with whom we are likely
to succeed better.
" The Revolution.We have received the first and
second numbers of a 16 page weekly paper, bearing the
above title, started in New York City on the 1st of January.
It is edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Parker Pills-
bury, and owned by Susan B. Anthony* It is the organ
of what it denominates the National Party of New
America, and will advocate Educated Suffrage, irrespec-
tive of sex or color; equal pay to women for equal
work; eight hours' labor, etc. It is a wide-awake ag
gressive worker in the field it has chosen, and strikes
hard blows both right and left. Many of its aUeged ob-
jects we sympathize with, but others seem to us, from
our standpoint, impracticable, if not undesirable. The
Revolution is beautifully printed on good paper, and
is furnished at $2 per annum.
The trouble is in the 44 standpoint, or none
of our objects would 44 seem impracticable or
undesirable. The Temperance cause, and even
Christianity itself, have always seemed both
impracticable and undesirable to myriads
from their standpoint. We trust as oar
kindly contemporary knows us better, we shall
be still better appreciated.
From the Pomeroy (Ohio) Banner.
The Revolution.We fall to receive, regularly,
that casket of truth, justice and humanity, The Revo-
lution. Its absence from our table creates a void that
no other exchange can fill. We do not knov whether it
is the fault of the mails or the females that it fails to
come to hand. Perhaps, the fair proprietors of The
Revolution have not thought it worth while to con-
tinue us on their exchange list.
We shall make haste to fill that void
which we, too, believe no other exchange can
fill. Meantime, we bespeak, as we are sure to
have doubtless, the friendly co-operation of the
Banner in our work of truth, justice and hu-
manity.
Womans Suffrage in the ^District.Con-
tributions are greatly needed to sustain lec-
tures, publish documents, and canvass with
petitions in the District of Columbia. They
should be sent to Mrs Josephine S. Griffing, 394
Capital street, or to Dr. Daniel Breed, Treasurer,
Washington, D. C. They will be acknowledged
through The Revolution.
Petitions should he sent to Mrs. Griffing, or
J, K. H, Willcox.



'CS' ;

117
INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL REVOLUTION.
Providence, R. I,, August 2, 1868.
Tou "kindly Invite me to 'write for The Revolu-
tion. I -should esteem it a privilege to do so if I felt
-that I could he of service to you. 1 am more interested
in the 'totality of reform than even in the praotical
issues of the present time, though I prize and treasure
Hhess as means to the great end before us. The wo-
j mans movement and the labor movement are Invalu
'able as levers of the social Revolution. Both must be
allied, and with them*mus( be connected education, free
and universal, and in a sense more extended than ever
hitherto. A social providence for the young will prob-
ably be the first practical recognition of the duty which
society owes to all its members and which is expressed
in the word social organization.
Meanwhile it is necessary that women should have an
equal share in the political as well as social administra-
tion before most other reforms can be reached. The
force and arbitrary methods of past governments are
fch&sculine abuses which will only yield to the presence
'of woman in every department. There is the central
social question of the relations of sex. The present
solution is marriage and prostitution. Hardly any solu-
tion can be worse, and yet, probably, men alone cannot
establish a truer law. We need the equal influence of
woman In government, and also her industrial independ-
ence, and a just social charge of children, before much
.progress can' be made in the celebration of the true
xmptials.
'Meanwhile it is also necessary that the laborer should
redeem a portion of his time and strength from drud-
gery, that he may think and learn and so help to solve
the social problem. For this end also education must
be commended to tbe people as never before. They
must learn that it is difference of education that pro-
duces and perpetuates oaste more than all else. They
must provide a better popular education and prize it
more highly. As a plank of tbe platform of the people's
party I have always thought of free education, beginning
with the nursery and taking oharge of the children of
the working classes during working hours (a great eco-
nomical as well as educational gain). This to be followed
toy graduated schools, culminating in high schools
(open to all passing through the previous grades)* and
in free colleges open to the best fifty boys and fifty girls
each year out of a hundred thousand inhabitants, or
say out of eacb Congressional district. -These classes of
one hundred collegians each year shall also be cadets of
the state {civil cadets, male and female), receiving a
minimum support from the government during their
three years course. The free colleges, of course, would
be scientific and practical instead of classically dillet-
tanti. I am quite prepared to advocate an extension of
lege ends. I am not afraid that society will ever do too
much for Its children.
There are many other issues which from time to time
will come into the peoples platform. In the practical
struggle of the present moment it seems to me import-
ant to limit them as much as possible instead ol increas-
ing tbeir number. Marriage can hardly be touchednow.
Free trade a.t some time will be a practical reality, and
at a time after that, all trade in tbe existing sense of
getting for a thing more than it has cost to make it, will
be considered swindling. In, finance, free banking,
with no specie, will be a fit transitional institution at
some time. It is hard to see how it can come now with-
out giving wings to that speculation whioh Is impover-
ishing all who are out of the ring of trade.
These, of course, are very cursory and superficial re"
marks. You may ask to what they all tend? Very
clearly in my own mind to the new civilization distin-
guished from the past in nothing so much as the pre-
sence of tbe feminine element; a civilization of a new
order therefore, composite of man and woman cowork-
ing throughout, and so filled with the presence and life
of God as never heretofore. The ideal form of such a
civilization is a perfeot organization made up of perfect
individuals. Co-operation will be its method, the con-
junction of interests and efforts instead of their isola-
tion or antagonism as now. Attraction will be its spring,
instead of force. Love its spur, instead of selfishness.
One of the earliest practical criticisms tobemade.on
our present civilization is, that its industrial employ-
ment system or wages system, is one of practical serf-
dom. The abolition of serfdom will follow tbe abolition
of slavery by a constructive Revolution. As soon as the
working men and women have intelligence enough to
associate and employ themselves instead of working for
a master or owner, the present system ends and the
produots of industry will remain in the hands of the
producers. The extremes of condition will cease, while
individual property and privacy and true independence
will be far better assured than ever before. I value the
eight hour movement chiefly as leading thus to co-
operation.
This social Revolution seems to me near, and I have
cared most to study the measure which will be practical
and of imminent importance when that time comes ;
(and it may come as suddenly as the overthrow of
slavery). We have learned that social injustice is an un-
stable basis for Institutions, no matter wbat the apparent
superficial strength.
I take very deep interest in the special questions to
which you are devoted, whioh are included also in the
social transformation whioh I foresee and labor for. Hot
only is woman to be an equal copartner in the new civil-
ization, but her faith, hope and love, and her influence
are Indispensable in conducting the journey, painful it
may be, between the present civilization and the future.
I hold your work in so much admiration as well as
sympathy and respect that I have wished in answering
your letter to express my own thought and faith at some
length even although necessarily in haste and without
muoh order. I shall be glad if I attain the beginning
of sympathy and fellowship with you in the faith of the
future.
I may not improbably send you short paragraps from
time to time for The Revolution with the expec-
tation and wish that you will treat them without cere-
mony.
Sincerely and respectfully yours,
W. F. 0.
P.S. I should like to add one word on the logi-
gal sequence of reforms. Slavery, during its existence*
necessarily held all other social reforms in abeyance.
The emancipation of the slave had to be effected before
that of women or of the white serf was possible. This
was simply because slavery connected farther back with
barbarism. Even now the labor movement and the wo-
mans movement wait the settlement of the negro ques-
tion. It seems to me a necessity, though a very dis-
agreeable one, to devote this presidential election to
that preliminary. I have already referred to the mar
riage question as awaiting for-its solution the political
and industrial enfranchisement of women. I am in"
elined sadly to believe that the peace question will
only become a practical issue when social injustice sball
have generally disappeared ; the order being to be first
pure and then peaceable. Intemperance and excess are
reactions from the social dearth and starvation. Reform
here must to a great extent await the lessening of drud-
gery and the richer endowment of social life.
w. f. c.
TBE FOURTEENTH ARTICLE OF AMEND-
MENTS.
The fourteenth article of amendment to the constitu-
tion of the United States is a singular monument of po-
litical cowardice and short-sightedness.
The law-makers who framed it were afraid to provide
directly for the impartial suffrage, even of males, and so
attempted to secure it by indirection ; and from sheer
want of faith in Womans Suffrage, they neglected to
provide for its impartial exercise, even indirectly.
What is the result? Under the fourteenth article, if
any state restricts Suffrage to white males, it incurs the
penalty of a reduced basis of representation according
to tbe number of male inhabitants, other than white, ex-
cluded from suffrage.. But if any state, in the exercise
of its undisputed right, should choose to extend the
Suffrage to all white citizens of the United States,
male and female, twenty-one years of age, and to all
other male citizens of the United States, twenty-one
years of agethe penalty of a reduced basis of repre-
sentation would not be incurred, while the white vote
in the same number of inhabitants would always count
two to one against the colored.
The path of principle is a straight one. If the four-
teenth article of amendments after defining citizenship,
bad declared all citizens of the United States equal be-
fore the law, and that no citizen should be deprived of
Suffrage except for crime, it would, at least, have met
the issue squarely. Instead of this, its clumsy and
shuffling language suggests the means by which the
lately rebel states can put tbe negro in a hopeless
minority without loss of representation.
It is instructive to observe that this blunder of our
law-givers at Washington came from their contemptuous
disregard of Womans Suffrage. It serves also to show
the connection of all the liberating movements.
The enfranchisement of the white women of the South
Without the efiffsuohisezhent of the black women, fdr
the sake of political supremacy, would, of course, only
be less dastardly than slaveholding itself. But this pro-
ceeding would certainly not be below the morality of
tbe cutaneous democracy of tbe South, as at present
exhibited. w. F. o.
THE MARRIAGE QUESTION AGAIN.
Misconstructions and misrepresentations are the
commonest things in the world, but by no means the
pleasantest. ~ A writer after a time must become so ac-
customed to having his .or her sentiments differently
represented, twisted and turned, to suit enemies and op-
posers, that it ceases to sting ; and when the subject is
of a character involving little or no principle, it is of
small consequence. But to have ones most sacred
thoughts perverted, to have the holiest and most cher-
ished feelings deliberately misrepresented, can never
become of trivial moment to a lover of right and decency.
For a longtime, and most earnestly, has the writer en-
deavored to exert herself profitably for her sexto ad-
vise, cheer and encourage; and in every way to uphold
the feeble and oppressed. Looking over different criti-
cal paragraphs I not infrequently find the name of
Eleanor Kirk handled pretty freely by editors who
openly admit their want of sympathy with the woman
question ; and I am sometimes compelled to laugh
heartily at the ingenious perversions of sentences winch
have been carefully and truthfully constructed with an
especial view to their being read and understood as they
were written ; but these very articles with which I have
taken infinite pains, I have reread in exchanges, so twist-
ed and distorted that a recognition of my own creation
would have been impossible, bnt for tbe frequent use
of its authors name. Hot long since my attention was
called to an extract from a certain weekly paper which
embodied these ideas. A woman, so it stated, was en
deavoring to procure a divorce from a man, concerning
whom she had not the least fault to find. He was uni-
formly kind and gentle and supported her handsomely ;
but she had had the misfortune to fall desperately in love
with another man. The editor remarked at the conclu-
son of this most interesting and romantic notice that
according to (he teachings of Eleanor Kirk the woman
shonld be allowed to obtain a divorce. Now that was a
deliberate falsehood and the' editor knew it. The idea
was to convey a wrong impression of the whole Womans
Rights movement, and confound free loveism and gen-
eral looseness with the principles, right, earnest and
practicable, I am endeavoring to promulgate.
Now, please allow me to express my views once more
upon the marriage question ; I have already done so
numberless times, but on this occasion let me speak so
plainly that there may be henceforward and forever
no chance for misconstruction or falsehood. I believe
in marriage ; believe it to be a glorious and blessed in-
stitution, and the men and women who are congenially
joined in wedlock are among the happiest and most use-
ful of the race ; but tbe mantle of our charity, broad and
comprehensive as I would like to have it, can never be
made large enough to sympathize with a woman like the
one described above. Marriage Should be for life, unless
circumstances so develop themselves that it becomes an
absolute sin for the parties to live together as husband and
wife. It is entirely beyond my ample imaginative limits
even to comprehend how a woman can help loving a
kind, affectionate, sympathetic husbandto say nothing
of her falling desperately in love with some other speci-
men of the genus homo while married to such a one. In
my opinion a woman sufficiently hardened in iniquity to
make such a statement as the above, richly deserves the
opprobrium and detestation, not only of every decent
person in tbe community where she resides, but ofright
thinkers everywhere. A woman has no business to
marry a man she does not love and sincerely respect;
and her own innate sense of dignity and decency should
protect her from the fascinations of other masculines
while thus legally bouud. There may be many such
women as the one just described, but I doubt it; and,
Mr. Editor, I scarcely believe that the circumstances you
so elaborately detailed are true. My experience has
been large and varied, and I have yet to meet the woman
fool enough to confess love for another man while living
with a kind, loving, appreciative husband. Such, if
such there be, are fit subjects for a lunatic asylum, and
should be restrained by their families and friends from
still more indecent demonstrations. These are Eleanor
Kirk's seutiments, and she is not ashamed of them.
Twist them into something else if you can l Incline your
ear little further, oh! ye carping critics. I havnt quite
finished. Marr age is for life I said, when oircumstau-
ces do not render it a sin to live together as husband
and wife. If a woman finds she has made a mistake in
her marital relations, and instead of the man she sup*


118
$be
poses she has wedded, finds a brute and a rascal, it then
becomes her bouuden duty to make tracks just as fast as
she can. A wife's duty ceases the moment a man is
abusivethe moment she discovers him to be untrue,
and it is a sin against God, against sell-respect, against
the community to bear children for such a scamp, to
place herself in a position to be enfeebled by disease and
sent to an untimely grave as hosts of pure, noble women
have been. Anything is preferable to such a lifethe
workshop, the factory, the poor house, even 1 My time
is up for this weekand I must stop short; but more
anon, Eleanor Eire.
WOMAN IN HISTORY.
Washington, D. C., August 13th, 1868.
Susan B. Anthony : A iew days ago in a conversation
with your talented correspondent of this city, Mrs. Julia
Archibald Holmes, I learned for the first time of the ex-
istence of The Revolution," and that it is devoted to
the elevation of woman and her delivery from the thral-
dom in which she is held by an unnatural and corrupt
state of society. I consider it not only a duty, but a
pleasure to subscribe for your paper, and also to en-
deavor to extend the circulation of a journal possessing
the courage to condemn the abuses of civilized society,
and especially those relics of barbarism which proclaim
that woman is, by nature, inferior to the self-styled
lords of creation." If all those who claim that woman
is not by nature capable, if her shackles were stricken
off, of competing successfully with her brother in the
social and political arena, \yere to study faithfully the
history of the raco, and note the examples of genius and
heroism it offers, where opportunity has existed for their
exercise, they would form a different judgment. Semi-
ramis, Catherine of Russia, Elizabeth of England, Joan of
'Arc, are examples otten cited among many others ; the
former being the first who proved herself capable of
holding the reins of Empire. She has been the most
traduced and villified of her sex. But her own subjects
who, perhaps, knew her best, after her death, worshipped
her in the form of a dove, the emblem of innocence, fidel-
ity, chastity, and purity ; the form which the Holy Spirit
assumed when Jesus of Nazareth was recognized as the
Son of God.
That you and your noble coadjutors may succeed in
your patriotic efforts for the purification of the govern-
ment through the enfranchisement of your sex and the
consequent elevation of the human race, must be the
prayer of all true friends of progress and reform.
John Douglas.
SEOTJLD TEN SEXES STUDY TOGETHER
My Dear Mrs. Stanton s Allow me to say in reply to
the many queries on the subject of edueating the sexes
togethor, and particularly in reference to a desire you
expressed to me, when passing some time in your society
under the roof of a mutual friend at Feterboro, that the
Cornell University should commence its labors with an
organization of both sexes, that the Cornell University]
as I understand it, is neither a college nor a school, but
a combination of both : In which evet'y liberal art and
science is to be, not exclusively, but universally taught.
The mental as well as the physical and material.
Indeed, the word University signifies an assemblage of
colleges and schools. It is a body selected from the
head of these colleges and schools to govern the whole.
It is a mistake, then, to call it a free Agricultural Col-
lege." This is only one of its many departments, of
which you can easily satisfy yourself by a careful peru-
sal of a Report of the committee on organization, pre-
sented to the Trustees of the Cornell University, October
21, 1866, by the Hon. Andrew D. White. That an Uni-
versity founded upon the liberal principles of the Cor-
nell, would be of great service in the cause of womans
higher education, 1 admit; but I am not in a position to
state whether an association of the sexes, in the pursuit
of such education, would be an advantage either to
society or the country at large. In the study of poetry,
music and dramatic literature, in which I am especially
interested, I think it would be an advantage to include
the presence and association of the fair sex, whether in
the schools or at the public lectures. Indeed, should a
professorship of these refining branches of education be
established at Cornell University, it would, I think, ne-
cessitate the admission of ladies to that especial course.
I have no objection to tbe development of the mind, to
the utmost, in either sex, but in the woman, I would
very much prefer that the heart should be thoroughly
cultivated. There is, in both sexes, too little stress laid
on the education of the heart and the affections, in pre-
paring for a life which is to be spent in personal aggran-
dizement or in developing the physical resources of a new
couutry. Yet, a cultivation of the moral and intellectual
sides of both man and womans nature has much to do
with tbe formation of a pure domestic and social life,
and of their ultimate rest and happiness.
Society, however, is always in motion, and every acci-
dent in its progress contributes to effect a Revolution,
by which the infallibility of its constitution is deposed.
I am inclined to believe, that were there now no monop-
oly in learning, the education of the sexes might be
equally developed, and the sources of information thrown
open ?ike to the man and woman. I think, whenever a
woman desires it, her impulse towards the improvement
of her mind and condition shonld .be carefully and
generously encouraged, and the stately and formal ad-
vances of scholastic pursuits of man be shared in by
every mother, wife and sister. I am not in a position to
say in what way or to what extent this view can be car-
ried out, but tbe altered character of the times sugge^is
to us the necessity of modelling our institutions to the
gradualbut certain Revolution which the world is silently
undergoing. I feel, however, that in the education of
woman, the future ought to combine with lighter litera-
ture, practical knowledge and solid erudition; by which
her usefulness, not alone in the domestic and social, but in
every sphere of life, may be rendered complete; and by
which the fabrics of tbe state and society may receive
the best disposition of her strength and ornament.
Scholars accustomed to recluse and attracted exertions,
and statesmen giddy in the vortex of politics, isolated-
from the influence of the feminine sex, are but little ac-
quainted with the powers of womans mind ; or how for,
properly and completely developed, she would give, in
association with man, a wholesome direction to every
phase of existence, social, religious and political. At-
tributing too high an influence to bis own powers,
man neglects to avail himself of the powers which
woman possesses, through her effective agencies, in the
affairs of life. A closer intercourse with them in educa-
tional and practical life, and the tuition of experience,
however, will eventually give to the general mind a
better appreciation of womans influence in every sphere.
Of this I am fully convinced, that the age will yet learn
to bless auy favorable opportunities extended to woman,
by which, in all her relations to the state, she may, with
equal rights and privileges, present to the world the ap-
proaches to various and consummate refinement. 1 am,
most truly yours,
James Peoh, Mus. Doc. Oxon.
6 Lafayette Place, New York.
IMPRISONMENT OF GEO. F. TRAIN.
AN IRISH LETTER.
Editors of Che Revolution :
Many thanks to you for your kindness. I received the
last number of your truly national journal. It speaks
volumes. It is now becoming so popular and universal
that I am convinced you must put more steam on so as
to have it published two or three times a week. All the
papers in these kingdoms copy from The Revolu-
tion" and not a few of tnem speak favorably and in
praise of it. The cause which it advocates is making
rapid strides and is now a popular and national ques-
tion. It is unquestionably a wonderful Revolution.
See what a few well-informed and energetic people can
do, aided by Mr. Trains motto, the three PsPatience,
Perseverance and Pluck, and havmg besidestruth jus-
tice and right on their side. There is scarcely a portion
of the world where your cause is not advocatedand such
being the case, it must and will ultimately succeed in
despite of every obstacle. I read your grand address
which was presented before the democratic convention,
and although it was represented to be received with a
kind of jocularity indicated by laughter, yet it was an
unanswerable argument in your favor ; the suggestions
and doctrines enunciated and put forward so ably re-
main uncontradicted and unrelated, so that on the
whole you may congratulate yourselves upon the
achievement of so signal and so glorious a victory. It
was absolutely necessary that such a national journal as
The Revolution should start in order to put down
humbugging politicians who so long trafficked upon the
credulity and duplicity of a hard working people, and to'
elevate and instruct the popular will to that social and
political scale which is necessary for a free and inde-
pendent population. I hope the good sense and pa-
triotism of the people will prevail at the forthcoming
presidential election, and that the Irish voters in particu-
jar will do their duty by turning the balance of power in
favor of the candidate who is favorable to your excel-
lent programme and to the interest of Ireland and Irish-
men, and Chat will make England- regret for her inso-
lence, tyranny and persecutions not only of Ireland and
Irish-Americans in British jails, but more particularly
her audacious outrage upon the person and feelings of
that distinguished and patriotic American citizen and
indomitable and uncomprising champion of human
rights, Geo. F. Train; who is still a prisoner in an Eng-
lish bastile, notwithstanding that he has brought forward
documental and other evident proofs of tbe illegal and
arbitrary imprisonment to which he is subject. His
case was brought before tbe British Parliament and will
therefore become an international question; he. is
working up the popular mind to fever heat, and believe
me, the seed he is now sowing broadcast will soon pro-
duce fruit, and fruit that will be bitter for English pal-
ates. Mr. Train will I think be home in October as they
cannot keep him much longer in durance. As I posted
beforethe war clouds are gathering thickly in the
political horizon, and will, ere many weeks, burst upon
Europe with a tremendous crash and then God speed
the right.
Yours sincerely, f. t. b.
Dublin, Ireland, Aug. 6, 1868.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
THE .CONFISCATED LETTER.JAMES MHENRY
THREATENS THE COSMOPOLITAN WITH LIBEL,
IF ANY MORE ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS ARE PUB-
LISHED SHOWING PAYMENT OF EBBW YALE
CLAIM.A NOBLE COUNTESS SAYS MY IMPRISON-
MENT IS GREAT OUTRAGE.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, l
August 15, 1868. f
Editors of the Revolution:
The storm is gathering. The wind is rising.
The Alabamas are getting alarmed. Victory is
not far off.
THE HEAD AND TAIL OF THE LETTER SHUT OUT OF
THE f COSMOPOLITAN BY JAMES mHENBYS
THREAT OF LIBEL.TEN THOUSAND POUNDS
GIVES PLUCK TO AN EDITOR.
Dublin, Four Courts, Marshalsea, )
July 25,1868. J
Dear Cosmopolitan : What surprises me more than
anything is, that after so long a residence in England you
should believe in fair play, or have the pluck to allow an
American to expose an infamous attempt to blacken a
mans character. A man with ten thousand pounds at
his bankers can afford to show up all shams, crimes,
liars and knaves," but there are few journals that have
that balance.
TRAIN OIL SWAMPING THE COSMOPOLITAN.
Before you get through with this matter, your so-called
friends wall bear down upon you, those who never paid
even their subscription, and say, you are ruining your-
self. Itwill kill the Cosmopolitan." Dont allow
such floods of Train oil to be poured down the throats
ot your readers?" Who wants to see such stuff?"
All chaff,and the man must be crazy." If from
previous letters you are not convinced that I have been
badly treated, I will soon send you papers that will
astonish even yourself.
THE AUSTRALIAN PROPERTY.
This letter will only show where I was in Australia,
and my position when I introduced Mr. McHenry to the
Atlantic and Great Western men, but in the next I will
bring his sworn affidavit face to face with his sworn agree-
ment, which ought to make even a man of strong nerve
turn pale at the exposure.
Here follows letters to David Charles Mac-
Arthur, manager of the Bank of Australasia,
and William Milliken, the Secretary in London.
Their replies. Letter to Clark Bell, and his
reply, and sworn affidavit from Italy, that he
paid James McHenry in full the Ebbw Vale
debt four years ago.
MY FINANCIAL STANDING AT THE TIME I PLACED
THE ATLANTIC AND GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY IN
THE LONDON MARKET IN CONNECTION WITH MR.
mhenby.
McHenry having failed for a million sterling in 1854
was in no position to meet London bankers, and J, con-
sequently, had up-hill work for a long time to make them
forget his former fiasco. That history comes up under the


119

head of the Six Articles, number one of which you pub-
lished last week, entitledA Startling Fact, Based upon,
a Terrible Romance *The Inside History of the Atlantic
and Great Western Railway, from Original Documents
Twenty Millions Sterling Sunk in Five Years. This letter
shows my standing when I introduced Me Henry to Hey-
wood, Kennard & Co., and the Bank of England in 1S58.
*******
As nobody but government officers, commencing with
Ashurst Morris & Co., McHenrys solicitors, have been
active in my arrest and prosecution, I could not for a
moment have supposed that McHenry was behind the
scenes, nor can I now understand it. But let the facts
show. I hardly posted my letter to New York, when to
my surprise, I found my lawyer was in Europe by the
following note *.
*******
MB. mHENBY BROUGHT FACE TO FACE WITH THE
LAWYER WHO PAID wtm THE CLAIM FOE WHICH
I AM IMPRISONED.
After the London press read these papers, will they
continue to call me bankrupt, swindler, charla-
tan, mountebank? Or will they do me the justice
to treat me as a gentleman should be treated who pays
debts shilling for shilling, and who was passing through
England with the Vice-President of the Pacific Railway,
on his way to examine the tunnel of Mount Cenis, and
who was arrested before landing from the steamer, and
thrown into the cell of a murderer ? As an American
citizen, have I no rights England is hound to respect ?
*******
What do you say to this ? After such a record, will
the city men and the London journals still impeach my
honor as a merchant, or my word as a gentleman ? is
not somebody open to risk Allah action? Are yon now
satisfied as to the infamy ot my arrest? Do you still
doubt that the whole matter is politioal ? If so, next
week you have McHenrys own signature. Moral
Neves' bum a receipt. Sir Morton Peto fails for six
millionsdont pay anything, and is discharged.
1 am arrested for as many hundreds, for a sum I
have paid in full!
George Francis Train.
I fire too many guns for this crowd. The fact
that England hates me is victory. Time will
show that one earnest man is more damaging to
a nation than a score of men-of-war. I en-
close you these original documents, toshowyou
the infamy of my arrest, I have also written
Marble of the World.
A NOBLE LADY HAS A KIND WORD FOB THE PRIS-
ONER OF OHILLON.
London, 30th July, Tarleigh Villa,)
19 Belalze Road,' N. W. )
My Dear Mr. Train : I have seen in the Cosmopoli-
tan the proof that you have paid the claim for which you
are in prison. I do think you are suffering a great out-
rage. Take my friendly advice, pay the money into
Court. Gain your precious liberty at once. What are we
without it? Join your family, and that little bright
child Sue Bell that calls you tb the Cottage by the Sea,
and then let the blue-eyed man of destiny make
those who have wronged you pay heavy damages.
Although I am too conservative to agree with you on
many points,
Believe me sincerely your friend,
C. Van de * *
George Francis Train, Esq., Marshalsea.
P.S. I send you the likeness of my youngest. She is
a golden hair bright child of 12.
MR. BEARDEN AND G. F. TRAIN.
Mr. Rearden seems determined to redeem his reputation
before the session closes. At any rate, he is resolved to
secure to himself the nickname of Rearden the Irre-
pressible. He was obliged to shut up the other
night when he appeared as an apologist of Mr. Train,
and tried to read a speech, in violation of the rules of
the house. But he returns to that subject, and on the
very last night of the session he is to ask the Chief
Secretary for Ireland a long string of questions relating
to the recent melancholy experiences of that illustrious
individual. Mr. Train must consider himself in the
deepest depth of hopelessness. When he is reduced to
the necessity of availing himself of the services of the
hon. member lor Athlone, he may fairly regard his
cause as all but lost. Nobody will deny to Mr. Rearden
whatever merit may be due to that form of courage
which is entirely unmitigated by discretion. He has
given notice of motion for leave to bring in a Bill for
the amendment of the Aot of Legislative Union between
Great Britain and Ireland, the establishment of a Fed-
eral Parliament and independent Legislature in Ireland,
the separation of the national debts and revenues of the
two countries, and the responsibility of each country
lor its own debt and its reduction. We presume that
this matchless proposal is not intended to be seriously
discussed until the new Parliament meets ; and that it
is indicative of Mr. Reardens sagacious ambition to
supersede Mr. Gladstone in the leadership of tbe Liberal
party.Globe.
THE BOLD MEMBER FOR ATHLONE.
Tbe London Standard accuses me of writing
Mr. Beardens speech ; this letter will refute
the mean insinuation.
91 Piccadilly W., July 16,1838.
My Dear Sib : I should have given my notices yes-
terday to the Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs and to
the Earl of Mayo on your affairs, but as Mr. Foster has
put a question to Lord Stanley, asking whether there
has been any recent correspondence with the govern-
ment of the United States on the question of naturaliza-
tion and expatriation and Mr. Mill relating to the sen-
tences on Warren and Costello, I thought it best for your
interest to postpone mv notice until after the debate, if
aoy, on the motion.
I enclose a rough draft of my intended speech
on the subject; please, if afforded an opportunity to let
Mr. Ryan peruse, and return it to me as we are smoth-
ered in work and have no time to copy it.
I remain, my dear sir, yours faithfully
D. J. Rearden.
Geo. Francis Train, Esq.,
Four Counts Marshalsea, Dublin.
EDITOR UNIVERSAL NEWS TO MB. REARDEN.
Universal News, 147 Fleet street, Friday Noon.
Dear Sir : I only got your note at 10 o'clock this
morning. The paper is out, the first is half over the
country at this hour.
I regret that 1 could not have had your speech in
extenso yesterday early, as I) would have willingly
complied. I am so crowded with Irish matter I am puz-
zled sometimes to know what to put in or keep out. I
have however spoke in this week's issue of your motion
in a leader respecting Mr. Train. 1 consider that
you have been most scandalously treated, and the Irish
members who should have supported your motion have
proved very cowardly and mean.
Let me have your speech and I shall make some use
of it next week,
I send you a paper by this post with the article.
In haste, yours truly, Clinton Hoey.
D. J. Rearden, Esq., M.P.
P.S. I think you ought again contest Athlone strenu-
ously, as in my humble opinion you are more fitted for
the post than any other in the field and also deserving
of support.
HAS AN AMERICAN CITIZEN NO EIGHTS ENGLAND IS
BOUND TO RESPECT ?
THE EBBW VALE COMPANY V. GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
To the Pallor of Saunders's News-Lelter:
Sin : Mr. George Francis Train was again unsuccess,
ful yesterday in his application to the Court of Insol-
vency for a re-hearing ot his case. Judge Miller had di-
rected as a condition, precedent to a re-hearing of the
case, that Mr. Train should produce certain documents,
marriage settlements, etc. This, however, he did not do,
and his application was accordingly refused. The judge
intimated that Mr. Train could renew his application
whenever he was in a position to do so, by complying with
the conditions laid down by the Court. Saunders. As
the courts are closed against me, I can only depend upon
the courtesy of the press nottc misrepresent my case.
This is the order of the Court:
23d June, 1868.
Re George F. Train, InsolventAdjourned sine die,
with liberty to be brought up on notice of application to
the opposing creditors, and upon lodging in court ori-
ginals or copies of warrants relating to property con-
veyed by insolvent to, or in trust for, his wife, for bis
children, and on producing accounts and other docu-
ments, if in procurement of insolvent relating to street
railway and other companies with which insolvent has
been financially connected.
Mr. Levy, my counsel, produced all these documents :
1st. Affidavit sworn before the British Consul in
Venice of Clark Bell, the lawyer who paid the claim for
which I have beon five months in jail.
2d. Affidavit of George T. M. Davis, my father-in-
law, the trustee of my wifes property, giving copy of
original agreement with McHeury paying Ebbw Vale
claim, also settlement of house and property on my wife,
duly sworn before the British Consul in Now York.
" 3d, Affidavit of Thomas C. Durant, Vice-President
of the Pacific Railway, sworn before British Consul, that
said debt was paid McHenry in his presence as witness.
4th. Letter of George Starbuck, giving information
regarding the street railways.
The originals of all the documents were produced in
court, but were not examined as the affidavits are not on the
regulation paper. Tour reporter is at liberty to see all
the originals should you, like the Court, doubt my mind.
As it stands, lam neither dismissed, discharged, remanded ;
but imprisoned for life for a debt these sworn affidavits state
was paid five years ago / George Francis Train.
THE LANITIS LONG THAT HAS NO TURNING PO§?T.
THIS IS BROADSIDE NUMBER ONE.ONLY NOTICE
OF THE IMPENDING BATTLE.
In the Court of Exchequer, Ireland.
Abraham Darley, William Tqthtll, Henby Dickinson,
Thomas Brown, and Joseph Robinson, lately trading
as Iron Masters, under the style and firm, The Ebbw
Vale Iron Company, Plaintiffs.
George Francis Train, Defendant.
Sirs : You are hereby required to take notice, that I,
George Franeis Train, a native-boi_i American citizen,
and the defendant in this cause, require that Che execu-
tion issued against me, pu7suant to the Judges fiat, for
£906 15s. Id., and under and by virtue of which X was
committed to jail on the 3d day of March last, be forth-
with set aside for irregularity, inasmuch as the said
Judge's fiat was irregularly and surreptitiously obtained
on a' writ of summons and plaint; and on the separate
affidavits of Joseph Robinson and John Spr&tt, all en-
titled in a cause pending in this honorable court,
wherein Abraham Darley, William Tothill, .Henry
Dickinson, Thomas Brown, and Joseph Robinson, lately
trading as iron masters under the style and firm, the
Ebbw Vale'Iron Company, are plaintiffs, and George
Francis Train, defendant; but the said execution was
issued against me in a fictitious cause purporting to he
pending in ibis court, wherein Abraham Darley, Wil-
liam Tothill, Henry Dickinson, Thomas Brown, and Jo-
seph RobinsoQ, were plaintiffs, and George Francis
Train, was defendant, when no such cause as last men-
tioned is or ever was pending in this honorable court.
And further take notice, that I hereby require that the
execution for £911 Is. 8<2. issued against me ou the judg-
ment marked in this cause, and obtained by default on
the 18th day of March last,"be forthwith withdrawn and
set aside, and that I be at liberty to plead or demur to
the said writ of summons and plaint, inasmuch as I have,
since the marking of said judgment, discovered certain
facts and obtained certain statements of accounts and
documents, whereby it appears that no money was due
or owing by me to the plaintiffs, as in the said summons
and plaint is alleged.
And further take notice, that I hereby require to be
forthwith discharged from custody on the grounds that
I was illegally arrested, by reason of the said irregular-
ity and defects in the pleadings and proceedings in this
cause; and on the grounds that! was and have been held
in custody for the aggregate amount of the judges fiat
and the judgment, making together the sum of £1,81517 j.
3d., as also on the grounds that the plaintiffs had made
their election by proving for the amount of the judges
fiat alleged to be due to them as creditors in the matter
of my petition in insolvency before Judge Miller, in the
court of bankruptcy and insolvency in Ireland, which
precluded them from taking any further proceedings
against me, and which petition of insolvency was adju-
dicated upon by the said Judge Miller on the 23d day of
June last, by adjourning same sine die.
And you are hereby informed, that I will use this no-
tice, as I may be advised, in all applications by me to
this honorable court, or the Court of Bankruptcy and
insolvency, or elsewhere, and same will also be hereafter
used by me to enforce the payment of the large damages,
expenses, losses, and coats to whioh I have been subject
and sustained by reason of the plaintiffs illegal and op-
pressive proceedings, and the cruel incarceration con-
sequent thereon, and the infamous outrage on my per-
son and business. Geo. Francis Train,
Four Courts Marshalsea, Dublin, Ireland.
Dated this 25th day of July 1868.
To Messrs. David and Thomas Fitzgerald, the Plain-
tiffs Attoneys, Dublin ; The High Sheriff of the City of
Dublin ; The Marshal of the Four Courts Marshalsea,
Dublin ; The several and respective Plaintiffs in person,
London ; Messrs. Charles Zing Anderson, Francis Phil-
lips, and Robert Longsdon, London ; Edwin Grove, Se-
cretary to the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Co. (Lim-
ited) ; Messrs. Ashurst, Morris, & Co., Solicitors, Lon-
don, for said Company; The Official Assignees of the
Court oi Bankruptcy and Insolvency, Ireland ; James
MHenrj, Esquire, London ; and to all other persons
concerned


120

CjKjleDfllttttoji.
ELIZABETH CADT STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, | Edlt
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, AUGUST 27 1868.
Caution.In remitting money through the
Post Office to The Revolution, the only safe
way is by Registered Letter or Post Office
Money Order. This suggestion cannot be ob-
served too strictly.
WOMANS WORK.
A heal working womans work, even under
the most favorable possible conditions, is never
fully appreciated by men. Men do not do it,
and can know little about it. A housekeeper
doing her own work and doing it all well, is a
divinity. A New England cottage, a log cabin
in the west, with family performing all the work,
as is often if not generally seen in the rural
districts, is a spectacle worthy the" admiration
of princesses and the envy of queens. And
when the world becomes wise there will be no
other households. The chattel slavery system
is swept from our own land and it will soon dis-
appear in all lands. Hired servants will go in
due time, and men and women will grow strong
and wise and help themselves. A hundred or
a thousand working for one, or for one family,
as in the old slave system, was a sight on which
reason and philosophy never looked but with
loathing. Peasantry in Great Britain, hired
servants in republican America, are equally vio-
lations of the law of justice and right. Poverty
and ignorance must be fostered on purpose to re-
tain them. A coach worth a thousand dollars,
a span of horses worth a thousand each, with
harness, furs and trappings worth a thousand-
more, with a driver and footman of a hundred
and fifty pounds each, avoirdupoise, in pomp-
ous livery, ablaze with gold lace and broke out
with bright buttons like a humor, are needed on
a fine Sabbath morning to get a little pale-faced
being {lady it is called) to the next block but
two to worship. Several other beings (who it
is supposed also have immortal souls) stay to
prepare dinner for the lady when God has been
worshipped and she returns home. This is half
a page of what we call good society. Sixty
centuries and upwards have been required, as
men reckon, to refine, elevate and christianize
us up to this enormous faith of many made for
one. And the more such families we have the
nearer is our approach to the perfection of hu-
man nature. The more such, the nearer shall
we be to the kingdom ot heaven, as men under-
stand it And so everybody who has ambition
and aspiration works fervently to that end. As
cities become populous and prosperous, this
order of society increases. Native American
thrift and energy were outgrowing it in the
states not scourged with chattel slavery, and so
the poor and outcast were imported by myriads
from other lands to effect the unnatural re-
sult. Slavery was the ruin of the old em-
pires, has been the ruin of our southern states;
and the system we are cherishing in our
large cities and towns, under the names of good
society, higher civilization, and the Chris-
tian religion, will be no less fatal to us. Hu-
man existence has become perverted until men
have lost wholly their reckoning. Not one law
of nature is observed. House-keeping, the
family, the school, the bureaus of trade, the
literature, and more than all, the religion of our
best society are only fearful perversions of
all reason and all right. In the simpler habits
of country life, a seed corn survives, or the fes-
tering pollutions of the cities and towns would
depopulate the nation and leave the land a prey
to such hordes of poverty and squalor as the
oppressions and cruelties of the older nations
drove to our shores.
But we are drifting from our purpose of a
glance at womans work under the most favor-
able conditions that yet remain to us. And it
is safe to say that it is only in families that dis-
pense with hired domestics altogether, or at
least that have complete oversight of them,
where anything like good household economy
remains. Of all the homes on earth, and we
have seen them in many countries, commend
us to a rural cottage or farm-house in the coun-
try, when everything is done by the family
owning it. The city at best, as compared with
it, is an abomination. Unless the mistress of
a mansion understands, and does, or superin-
tends all its affairs, it is seldom a healthy abode
of rational beings. And yet we never saw, in
town or country, a family performing its own
work, where the women of the household did
not seem to have much the hardest share ; and
where every convenience or accommodation
was not made to bend in the direction of
the men, and where whatever of sympathy there
was abounding, was not always in their favor.
Rev. Thomas K. Beecher, in a little medical
and surgical journal called the Bistoury, pub-
lished in Elmira, New York, has sketched
graphically but truthfully what we have often
witnessed in many of the very best American
families to be found, of the work of women.
He says:
I declare that the woman who is able to systematize
and carry on smoothly the work of an ordinary family,
illustrates higher sagacity than is called for by seven-
eighths of the tasks done by man. Men take one trade
and work at it; a mothers and housekeepers work re-
quires a touch from all trades. A man has his work
hours, and his definite tasks; a woman has work at all
hours, and incessant confusion of tasks. Let any man
do a womans work for a single daywash and dress the
children, havingprovlded their clothes the night before;
see that breakfast is under way to suit a fault-finding
husband; the wash-boiler on with water for the wash,
and the clothes assorted ready for washing; the dish
water heating, and a luncheon thought out for the school
goers; a nice dinner in the good mans dinner pail; the
beds made after proper airing, and the bugs fought off
and kept down; the lathers convenience exactly hit for
family prayers ; the systematic sweeping of the house at
least once a week, and of living rooms once to three
times a day, according to the number of men to bring
in the mnd; the actual washing and ont-hanging of
clothes; the drying, sprinkling and folding, and/ to-
morrow the ironing of the same; the sorting and mend-
ing of them, and provision of new ere the old give out;
the making of bread three times a week, with cake and
pies intercalated judiciously; pickles, preserves, and
cellar stores, to be laid in and not forgotten in their
season; childrens manners to be attended to j com-
pany to be entertained ; her own person to be tidied up
to please Ms eyej the tired mu to be welcomed and
waited on by the no less tired ass, and the home made
cheerful; his trousers to be patched after he goes to
bed, so he can put them on in the morning I The
children to be helped about their .lessons and reminded
not to forget their Sunday school lessou ; the shopping
and marketing to be done for the household ; house re-
pairs attended to, and matters in general kept straight
around home. Meanwhile ** papa must not be troubled
or hindered about his work, because bis work brings
in the money. Yes, mans work brings the money. But
mans work does not so tax the head and heart and
hand as womans work does.
Who that knows will say Mr, Beechers pic
ture is overdrawn ? But there is more and if
possible worse which might be added. And let
it not be forgotten, it is our best families that
are under consideration. The work of woman
is constant as the returning hours. There is no
Sunday even, for her. Half the enumerations
of Mr. Beecher are atf imperative on that day as
any other, and some of them even more so.
The children got ready with special care for
Sunday school and church, the cooking, the
dish-washing, the sweeping, the chamber work,
the dairy work, these are but a part. Some-
body has told us, and truly, no doubt, how
many stitches are required to make a mans
coat; but who can tell how many thoughts and
steps are in a womans days work? or even her
Sundays work ?
And then how many more leisure days beside
the Sundays, do men have while women work ?
not to speak of all the evenings of the year.
Among farmers the weather and the winter cer-
tainly furnish very many days and even weeks.
But where woman works it never rains, nor is
there any winter of relaxation, nor evening of
idleness. And then there are cattle fairs, horse
races, caucuses, conventions, elections, auctions,
military musters, and evening juntos, nameless,
if not numberless, that men attend and women
generally do not. They are at their posts, sav-
ing the family wealth, if not adding to it. And
not only do men spend all this time while wo-
men work, but with it very frequently must
also go money, more or less. An extra smoke
or drink, perhaps many for self and friends add
to the loss. We are not supposing the worst,
but the best portion of the people, in the best
and only really good parts of the country, the
rural regions. It is not presumed there is any
inordinate drinking or dissipation of any kind,
but ttut the fathers and sons are, as the world
goes, honest, thrifty, virtuous, respectable men.
Suppose now it should be so arranged as that
when the men ceased to labor, whether on Sun-
day, in winter, in wet weather, in the even-
ing, or at any time, the women should cease
also. Suppose, too, that whenever or wherever
men went abroad, the women accompanied
them. And when men spent a dime or a dollar
for liquors, oysters, tobacco, or cigars the
women should spend the same full amount
for snuff, confectionery, or some other foolish
indulgence. And then, for we are not quite
done yet, suppose that all the work the women
actually do in all this time that men do nothing,
had to be done by hired help at fair wages ; who
cannot see what a vast difference it would make
in the family income ? A state of things like
this would work the ruin of any nation under
heaven. Four-fifths of the families in all the
agricultural regions of America are kept out of
the almshouse by the women alone. Not one
farmer in twenty could survive such a change
in his affairs as the one supposed. Mr. Beecher
is too charitable. He is willing to concede that
the men acquire the money. When they work,
it may be to more immediate profit. But were
there not another providence at home, caring,
toiling, watching, saving when they are abroad
idle and wasting, how soon, with all their boasted
shrewdness, calculation and more profitable
labor, would they be brought to a morsel of
bread ?
And yet, why should woman labor more hours
than man ? Why should she toil while he rests ?
whether on Sunday, in rainy weather, in win-
ter, in tiie evening or any other time ? Why
should he attend at least a hundred gatherings a
year, by day or night, spending not only time


k
lu §^voluti0tt.
121
bnt money also, when she is at her post of duty,
labor and care ? Why may she not go when he
goes, expending the same amount of money and
time as he, and let her work and watching and
saving at these times be done by others hired
and paid ? Let every reflecting, working man ask
why ? and then say where would he be after five
years of such administration!
In the brute creation the strong rule the weak.
The same law holds among savage races of men.
But there, at least, it should cease. Indeed,
what is it but barbarism, when the strong op-
press the weak? Whoever enjoys liberty must
fight for it. And yet, liberty through brute
force and fighting is never liberty, but only
change of mastership. Our Revolutionary
fathers fought for the liberty, indirect, to hold
slaves! slaves more abject than themselves
had ever been. For did not Jefferson say, that
one hour of African slavery, as they inflicted it,
was fraught with more misery than an age of
that which they rose in rebellion to oppose?
The South fought a war directly for slavery, and
lost not only that, but everything else. Brute
force conquers nothing but itself. We are seek-
ing to reconstruct the government on the same
unjust, false, and impossible principles. The
white men are willing to sacrifice the colored
race to save not the country, but a political
party. The American Anti-Slavery Society
would sacrifice woman to save the colored man!
the colored woman, even ; of all mortals most
miserable, to save the colored man. And so
woman has no friend among thesx! no eye to
pity, no arm to save! She may drudge and toil
and save the family and the nation in peace, by
her labor, in war too, as she did by her provi-
dence, not less invaluable than the most valiant
fighting; she may be taxed and ruled by the gov-
ernment, it being strong and she being weak;
she may labor eight hours in the forenoon, and
eight in the afternoon, for as many shillings as
the man demands and gets dollars for half the
time; or she may be loyal, patriotic, public-
spirited, intelligent, cultivated, refined; but not-
withstanding, he that is least in the kingdom of
suffrage and citizenship, her very boot-black and
kitchen scullion, he may be, or the street scaven-
ger, harnessed to the same cart with his dogs, the
pickpocket and plug-ugly and state prison con-
vict, yea, he that is the very-least among all
these, if white outside, and a male, is greater than
she! p. p.
Women s Rights in England.An English
journal says at a political meeting in London
to make arrangements for the approaching
general election, a Mrs. Law delivered a speech
from the platform. She said she stood there
as the representative of one hundred thou-
sand seamstresses of London who earned one
shilling per day, and of another fifty thousand
who earned six-pence per day. She loudly
praised Mr. Mall, who had no equal in this
country for liberality, breadth and compass of
thought, or for purity, integrity and unswerving
honesty. Where is the Mrs. Law of the hun-
dred and fifty thousand New York seamstresses
to go into the political meetings and insist on
a hearing in behalf of herself and her associates
of the needle!
Appropriate,The Independent says if Mr.
Greeley can find time to write a new Lyceum
Lecture, it will be on the Woman question.
His report of last year on Womans Suffrage, be-
fore the Constitutional Convention wouldnt pay
as a lecture, we dare assure him.
AN1IQUITY OF. MAN
The late scientific Convention held in Chi-
cago unfolded or carried forward the theory of
the antiquity of the human race in a way to
overthrow the Mosaic account and the whole
faith ot the Church, Jewish, Catholic and Pro-
testant. One morning session of the whole
Association was entirely occupied with the
reading and discussion of three papers on the
subject of which the following are the titles : 1.
Abstract of the Geological Evidences of Mans
Antiquity in the United States, by Charles
Whittlesey. 2. The Antiquity of Man in North
America, by J. W. Foster. 3. On the Vestiges
of Pre-Historic Races in California, by Wm. P.
Blake.
Col. Whittlesey enumerated several races
which had flourished in America before the red
man hunted in her forests. First, the mound-
builders ; second, a race in the territory which
is now Wisconsin ; third, a warlike race in the
region south of lakes Ontario and Erie; and
fourth, a 'religious people in Mexico. How long
ago these races flourished is uncertain, but it
was certainly several thousands of years before
the Christian Era. Pottery, arrow-heads, and
other works of man have been found in con-
junction with and beneath the bones of the
mastodon and megatherium. In regard to the
time the Indians have occupied this country
the following fact throws some light. Three
skeletons were found in a cave beneath a heap
of accumulations several feet in depth. The
crania were so perfect that there was left no
doubt of their being the crania of red men.
These bones were computed to have been placed
in their sepulchre 2,000 years ago. A jaw and
tooth were found in a stratum and pronounced
by Prof. Agassiz to have been there 10,000
years. These must have belonged to the bronze
men or the stone men, as they are called. Col.
Whittlesey gave an account of the discoveries
made of the relios of ancient races by Mons
Boucher de Pertz, in the year 1863, at Abbe-
ville, in France, on the banks of the Saone.
Col. Foster said that recent discoveries show
that man is among the most ancient of animals
and was contemporary with the great pachy-
derms and monstrous beasts of prey now ex-
tinct. The iantiquity of the races, some of
whose implements are of bronze, and who are
therefore called the bronze races, is given
at from 3,000 to 6,000 years, according to the
computations of different geologists and inves-
tigators, while that of the stone men is esti-
mated at from 7,000 to 10,000 years. Along the
banks of the Nile excavations have been made to
a great depth, and from them fragments of burn-
ed brick have been taken out. On these data,
calculating from depth of mud deposited by the
Nile each century, an age of 36,000 years is
given to the men who burned these bricks.
The pyramids are founded on the handiwork of
man buried deep beneath the soil on which
their hoary foundations rest. The feet of Napo-
leons soldiers, upon whom thirty centuries
looked down from the piles of granite above
them, trod upon earth which for three centuries
of centuries had embraced the relics of a mighty
race.' The discovery of a human skeleton in
California, deep down in the gold drift, and
covered by five successive deposits of lava, also
carries back the antiquity of man to a period
far beyond the stone age. The Island of Petite
Ause, at the mouth of the Mississippi, is a solid
mass of salt covered with fourteen feet of earth ;
yet in that salt, by the side of the remains of
the fossil elephant, was found a petrified piece
of mattinga drawing of which was exhibited.
In excavating for the foundation of the gas
works in New Orleans, Dr. Dowler, at the.
depth of sixteen feet, found the remains of a
man. Their age must have beep myriads of
years.
Mr. Blake also brought some powerful evi-
dence to show the great antiquity of the human
race. He mentioned the case of a skull found
at the end of a tunnel for mining purposes in
California," 200 feet below the surface of the
earth, in such a condition as to leave no doubt
of its great antiquity. He exhibited drawings of
articles frequently found in mines in California.
TRUE SPHERE OF MAN AND WOMAN.
Tee Home Journal of the 12th instant con-
tains a communication from Rev. Dr. Deems of
the Church of the Strangers in this City, which
is so full of good sense on the question of
Spheres of man and woman, that our readers
must be glad to see it in The Revolution.
The sphere of every human being may be defined to
be the position in which he can most readily do that
thing which his nature and his acquirements enable him
to do best. In this view, what is women's sphere ? I
confess I do not know, for the reason that I do not know
of women what it is they can do best There are, perhaps,
a few things which most women have done better than
most men ; some things that men, perhaps, have done
better than most women. At least, there is a popular opi-
nion to that effect. Bnt whether there is anything that
a woman can do better than man, or man than woman, is
an open question. And it is open because neither sex has
bad a fair chance. Law, or custom, or prejudice, has
embarrassed each in an attempt to find what could be
done most pleasurably and most successfully. It has
brought a sneer upon Hercules to take the distaff from
Omphale, and upon Omphale to take the club from Her-
cules. Why, no one can tell. But a sneer hurts whether
it have a reason in it or not, and the history of the world ,
shows that men and women are led less by their own
noses than by the noses of other people.
There are many things to be done lor individual, do*
mestic, and social comfort, refinement, and advancement*
Food is to be obtained and cooked, shelters are to be de
vised and erected, clothing is to be fashioned and made,
houses and clothes, are to be repaired and kept clean,
laws are to be framed, interpreted, and executed, articles
are to be transported from place to place, and the young
are to he instructed in the ethical and physical principles
involved in these several occupations. Probably that
simple summary will include all the pursuits of men,
agriculture, architecture, trade, commerce, navigation,
government, art, science, mechanism, literature, house-
keeping, and the making of all the implements and the
shaping of all the materials necessary for the successful
prosecution of all these pursuits.
Now sap pose yon show that among those that are ord i-
narily confined to women, or rather, io whieh women
have been ordinarily confined, there are some which
many men can do as well or better. Why noc let the
men do those things without feeling that they lose in
public estimation ? Tbere are men who can make fires,
wash clothes, darn stockings, construct garments, keep
house, set tables, ay, and even nurse babies, in a style
which it was never given to any women to surpass, and
to very tew to equal. Why should not that be the sphere
of those men ? On the other hand, if a woman can
write a book, or manage a bank, or conduct a business,
or preside over a railroad company, or do any other legit-
imate thing better than any man, who happens at the
time to be Iree for this work, why should 6he not do it?
Can any man give against her reason which rises above
the altitud of a prejudice ?
It does seem to be most reasonable that each human be-
ing should be allowed to do that which he or she can do
with most ease, most pleasure, and most profit. This
divison of the whole heaven of humanity into two sphere s
a sphere for man and a sphere for womanseems emi-
nently absurd. Each soul must find a sphere lor itself,
on the general principle just laid down. If the man in
the study is a better cook than the woman in the kitchen
and she the better thinker and writer than he, do let him
go down among the pots, and let her go up among th e
pens, and let us have done with siokly atrabilious theol -
ogyor politics, and with badly cooked food, and let us
have better books and better dinnersj two people cured


122
@fee gUvnIutifitt.
dyspepsia,and affairs generally more harmonious and
pleasiug to the Heavenly Father.
The world wants good food, and plenty of it, good and
sufficient clothing and houses, convenient modes of
transit and transport, and it wants hooks, pictures,
statues, and it wants everything and anything that min-
isters to physical and intellectual pleasure. Why should
the world make a fool of itself by its senseless fastidious-
ness, and prefer to have some things worse done be
cause done by women, and other thiDgs worse done be-
cause done by men? I want the very best house, and
do not care whether it was man or woman that drew the
desigD, or man or woman that laid the courses of stone
in its erection.
WHAT TBK PEOPLE SAY TO US.
Auburn, August 11th, 1868.
My Dear Mb-. Stanton : Your little note was very
welcome. I had already called on Miss Cushman, a guest
at Mr. Sewards, and had a pleasant visit. She spoke
with admiration of you, and I told her of your conver-
sation with the Chinese, but she was not inclined to
dwell on the general subject of Womans Bights, and I
presume does not think much about it. Mrs. Burlin.
game said the Chinese had a plurality of wives. The chief
Mandarin told Mrs. Worden that he admired the intelli-
gence of American women. She answered that the wo-
men in China would be intelligent also, if they were al-
lowed to come into the parlor, instead of being kept in
the back part of the house. The Empress, who acts as Ee-
gent, sits behind a screen, and only the youthful Em-
peror is visible. Mr. Seward said he was sorry to hear
that you had gone, for he hoped to see you again. He and
Miss Cushman left on Wednesday. She was going to Sha-
ron Springs. We had a letter from E, who accom-
panied the Chinese Embassy, to-day. Shesays, **Wehad
a delightful ride from Auburn, there were but few on the
cars, and we had fun, watchiug the crowds collected at
every place, especially at Bochester, and everywhere
they called for Burlingame, but he refused to respond,
except by a bow ; from time to time officious people
managed to get on to the car, and a Mr. V. rode to this
place (Niagara) from Canandaigua, and took a very promi-
nent part, putting his head out of the window, and in-
forming the crowd who were the principal ones of the
Embassy, pointing out Mr. Burlingame as That gen.
tleman in the white hat on the platform is my friend, Mr.
Burlingame. After leaving Bochester, lunch was passed
r ound to every one by one of the Chinese servants, un-
der the direction of Mr. Browns English servant or
courier; excellent sandwiches, spODge-cake, chicken and
champagne. At several places the Chinese were asked
for autographs, and were verywillin.fr to respond. We
got here at 4, were fortunate in getting rooms, and to
M.'s delight found there was to be a hop. The dancers
were marvellous gymnasts, and the dresses stunning
such long trains of thin stuff, that I didnt see why they
were not torn to atoms. The galop was a regular stam-
pede, and amused me infinitely. M. danced several
times with her father, but was obliged to forego the
round dances, much to her sorrow. Some children
danced very prettilythey had short dresses, silk stock-
ing and white gaiters, and seemed to enjoy it much; they
were dressed equal to Cinderella at the ball, and seemed
conscious of their good looks. m. o. w.
Editors of the Revolution:
In your list of employments suitable for women,
I have seen no mention mada of the profession
of organist. In Boston, the other day, I heard the great
organ played by Mrs. Frohock, a young married lady,
and played not only with as much delicaoy and taste,
but with as much vigor and effect as by any male per-
former I have yet heard handle that noble instrument.
Even in the use of the pedals Mrs. Frohock showed ad-
mirable skill. Her programme included a variety of
selections, ranging from Bethoven down to simple pop-
ular airs, and I was forced to admit that men are not
absolutely necessary to play even the largest church
organs. I would add here that 1 have no personal ac-
quaintance whatever with this lady.
There are in New York two or three lady organists of
more than average merit, besides a large number who
do not aspire to other than the smaller churches.
Among the former is the accomplished lady organist of
Bev. Dr. Thompsons Tabernacle.
Here then is a field for female labor and taleiit which
no gallant or generous musician of the male persuasion
would object to seeing shared at least by ladies.
An Organist or the Sterner Sex.
Kichfleld, Spa., August 20, 1868.
Providence, B. I., Aug. 18th, 1868.
Mrs. Stanton : I do not agree with all I see in The
Bevoltjtxon, but find very much to commend. I like
the castigation of the Chicago Tribune. 1 like your tem-
perance ideas, etc., for I believe the Coming Man
will not drink wine, or chew, or smoke. Neither will
the Coming Woman, or dip snuff either; neither will the
Coming Man shut woman out from his banquet, not of
him but The Feast of Beason and Flow ol Soul. 1 be-
lieve in the great third party which Is coming. There
will be a strong temperance plank in it, so please look
after the social movement among the Germans. Their
fourth demand is, The abolition of all Sunday and
prohibitory laws. You surely would not advocate such
a plank in the platform. If the people need protection
by law from any fiend in human shape, it is the vile ruir>
seller, The Third Parly," in which woman takes part,
will be a temperauce party, or I have no desire to be
identified with it. The Good Templars in the
United States are a very large army, and are the only
tsmperance organization with which I am acquainted
where the highest office in the order is sometimes filled
by a woman. You should, in my estimation, be a mem-
ber of that order, for the great influence it would give
you over the thousands who belong to it from Maine to
California. Yours for Beform, A Good Templar.
Editors of the Resolution.
As questions testing tbe fitness of candidates for Con-
gress are not only admissable, but in accordance with
the spirit of true democracy, do not forget to inquire
whether the man wishing your influence to secure his
election wilL vote for Suffrage to women in tbe District
of Columbiaand if so, go to work for him. What we
most need in the coming Congress is, men with the morsl
courage to advocate equal justice to all American citi-
zens, men and women, black and while, and to vote for
removing, in the District, all disabilities to womans civil
and political rights, upon the same principle which has
secured to all men the right to be enfranchised. The
financial, the labor, and the temperance questions are all
important, but to secure to woman the right to exercise
her political influence to regulate these and all other na-
tional and individual interests is fundamental in a repre*
sentative government. Say to all candidatesdare to
give woman the ballot, and in return we will help your
election.
Editors of (he Revolution :
The following is from the Brooklyn Union. Cant you
find a comer for it?
A young girl who works in a shop in Manchester,
N. H., at one dollar a day, and whose brother was at
work in Worcester, Mass., at the time of the last election,
wrote him to be sure and come home to vote, as she
feared the democrats would carry the day. The day be-
fore election, taking the cars for Nashua and thence to
Worcester, sixty miles, she started alter him, as he did
not appear, found him, and came back with him.
My impression is, that she would make a splendid
voter. Certainly the republicans ought not to be afraid
of such. h. K. M.
Ours is indeed a great country, but The
Revolution reaches every part of it. The fol-
lowing interesting extracts are from a private
letter, dated Auburn, Oregon, July 14, 1868.
The Eevoltjtion '\came in good time, and we are
very much pleased with its appearance. It exceeds our
anticipations in every respect. T hope it will have as
extensive a circulation as its merits demand. It should
be in every family.
Auburn is a small mining camp of about one hundred
men and twenty-five women. There is but one woman
here who has had courage enough to take the^ paper.
Two married men have subscribed for their wives, the
rest are single men. The paper has created quite an
excitement here, because of its views on Woman's
Bights. Some of the men think that women have too
many rights now and are in favor of curtailing rather
than increasing them.
I shall circulate the paper in other towns in this
vicinity, and do what I can for the cause in Eastern
Oregon. Some of our republican friends objeot to the
paper, as opposed, to the union party. We have very
ittle opportunity to know the truth of many things we
hear of our public men.
Is it true that Grant is as intemperate as is represented
in most oi the democratic papers ? It is hardly possible
for him to be much of a statesman ; but we have always
supposed him to be an honest man. We have so lfttle
chance to get any reading matter here of a liberal or any
other character, that we are not as well posted on the
issues of the day as one should be in these times of
Bevolution.
As to Gen. Grant, tbe charges of intemper-
ance bave not been confined by any means to
tbe democratic party. The republicans, while
.admitting that it has been true formerly, now
insist that a thorough refoi'mation has taken place
in his habit; which The Revolution, instead
of denying, hopes is true.
LOUISIANA SCHOOL LAW.
The new school law of Louisiana pro-
vides that the schools shall be open to all chil-
dren between the ages of six and twenty-one, 1
without distinction of race, color, or previous 1
condition. The State Superintendent is to have
the appointment of the directors of the six gen-
eral school districts into which the state is to be
divided, and is empowered to decide, without ap-
peal, all controversies or disputes which may
arise under the new law ; and he is also invested
with other extraordinarypowers. The bill re-
quires all teachers to inculcate loyalty to the
national government, and kindness to all men,
regardless of race or color. Section five of chap-
ter six provides for the compulsory attendance
at school or places of instruction of all children
between tbe ages of eight and fourteen who are
without fixed employment. The present State
Superintendent is the Rev. T. W. Conway, the
framer of the bill.
The N. 0. 'Times is furious over the new law,
declaring that the people will not, under any cir-
cumstances, submit to have their children edu-
cated in the same schools with negroes. Nob
Parson Conway and his body-guard of con-
stables, Governor Warmoufch and bis Grand
Army of the Republic, or any power the sun ever
dawned on, would be sufficiently potent to
interpose between the relations of parent and
child.
Sound Logic.The Pittsburg (Pa.) Republic
thinks if a white woman is not as capable of ex-
ercising the franchise as a black man just
emerged from slavery, then a white woman is
good for nothing. If the Almighty made black
men the political equals of white men, then the
Almighty made white women the equals of both.
There is a decided difference between a man
and a woman, as there is between white and
black; but if color is to be ignored in politics,
then sex should be. All the sophistry imagin-
able cannot dim tbe light that issues from that
fact. If the negroes must vote, then women
must vote. Pair play is a jewel. Morever, our
political affairs would be so elevated by the pre-
sence of women that we might be proud of a
nation of which we too often have reason to be
ashamed.
Too True.The E vening Mail thinks (but we
do not) the Phrenological Journal for this month
is severe upon the Church Union. It says ; A
blanket sheet stuffed with quack medicine and
other advertisements does not add very much
to the merits of a family religious newspaper.
The quacks swindle the public through such
papers, get their money, and the Union folks
feel compelled to thus use the devil to serve
the Lord. It certainly is one of the most de-
plorable signs of the times that any advertising,
however nasty and vile as well as wicked, can
find its way into our most respectable reli-
gious and political newspapers.



123
WONDERFUL WOMAN.
The Gentleman's Magazine gives the following
sketch of the most remarkable woman of her
own, if not of any age :
All of us, or at all events most of us, remember the
female soldier who lived to a hundred, and lies buried
in the churchyard of St. Nicholas, Brighton. But she
had a contemporary not less remarkable than herself, in-
deed even more so in her personal character, though she
fell short of her years. What will our readers think of
Margaret Uch Evanr, of Llanberris, who died at the age
of 92, towards the close of the last century, when we tell
them the following story ? Being passionately fond of
the chase, she kept a great number of fox hounds and
the various other kinds of dogs which are in favor with
the sporting world; and she is saidtell it not in the
Gath of Lord Fitzbardiuge ; publish it not in the streets
of Aslietons-Smiths Askalon, for fear of awakening the
deadto have killed more foxes in one year than all the
huntsmen of Wales and all the adjoining counties killed
in ten. She rowed well, and at the age of 70 she was the
best wrestler in all the country round; and yet, per con-
tra, in proof of her more feminine accomplishments, we
are bound to mention that she could play well on the
fiddle and on the harp of her country. Margaret was
also an excellent carpenter'and joiner, and a good
blacksmith, shoemaker and boat-builder. To the last
she shod her own horses and made her own shoes, for-
getful of the old proverb, which says, Ne sutor ultra
creptdam / and through the many years during which
she was under contract to convey the ore down'the lakes
from the copper mines at Llanberris, she built her own
boats. More wonderful women than Margaret Uch Evanr
may have lived, but we certainly in the 137 year of our
existence as a journal, have not heard of them ; and we
shall be rejoiced if any of our correspondents can help
us to record the deeds of any lady more worthy of female
franchise than she must have been.
A BOY WORTH SAVING.
The Macon (Georgia) Journal gives the follow-
ing. It does not tell the color of the boy, nor
is it material. The black boys are doing such
marvels in many instances. If the white ones
are also, they can well dispense with the like
of Wade Hampton, Howell Oobb, and Bobert
Toombs, and all their bloody counsels :
There is a seventeen year old boy living in a county
below us, who has twenty-one acres planted in cotton.
He hired one man early in the spring, prepared the land
and bought about $100 worth of guano and put upon it.
After getting it planted he started to school, which he
has regularly attended during the summer, with the ex-
ception of about two weeks, which his crop required.
He works an hour or two every morning, in the after,
noon and every Saturday. His cotton is looking very
finely, and he expects to get at least fifteen bales Off the
twenty-one acres. Estimating each bale at 500 pounds
and that he wilt get 25 cents per pound, the gross re-
ceipts will be $1,875. His entire expenses, including the
guano, will not be over $500which will leave $1,375 as
the net earnings of this school boy. Give him the bene'
fit of every doubt, and he will surely make $1,000 clear.
We commend this to young men moaning over their fate>
complaining that they can get nothing to do, and can
make no money.
Woman still Womanly.A recent visitor to
Sing Sing prison, describing some of the inmates,
says, Mrs. Bobinson, the veiled murderess, is
employed in the hospital as nurse, and conducts
herself becomingly. Her cell is one of the
nicest in the female department, being fixed up
in a handsome manner. She must be fond of
flowers, the writer thinks, for, on a small stand,
she had a bouquet of artificial posies, and,
taken all in all, her cell was rather cheerful, if
such a word can be used in this gloomy con-
nection. It is well perhaps that there are not
many women in the penitentiaries, or they
would make them so cheerful and inviting as
greatly to increase the amount of crime outside,
for the sake of the attractive homes they would
offer.
, THE LECTURING FIELD.
The followng extracts of a private letter
from M *s. Brinkerhoff, now laboring in Illinois,
will be interesting to Mends and readers of
The Revolution. The letter contained
forty-three new subscribers :
In every town I have visited tho prejudice at first has
been very oppressive to one as sensitive as I; and I
often wonder bow you and others have endured It so
long. But after two lectures, it often astonishes me to
see how the minds of the people change. Were I to visit
each place aain, with three or four exceptions, I be-
lieve a Womans Si Trage Association could be organ-
ized in every town. * You have doubtless re-
ceived Miss Burrs order from Prairie City, this state
(and five dollars), for Womans Bights Tracts. She is a
woman of much wealth, and of influence too in that part
of the stale. She attended both my lectures there, and
then took me in her carriage to my next appointments
and heard me farther. * Sometimes I have felt
so alone in towns where every one seemed to oppose
me, that were it not for my love for the truth and the
consciousness that after all you and Mrs. Stanton, Lucy
Stone and others have made my work comparatively
easy by your many years of self-sacrifice, I would almost
give up and abandon the field.
Brave and noble woman! No doubt you
may hav cdays as dark, dreary and weary as were
any of ours. But you are nearer the triumph
than we were twenty years ago, and surer of it
thnn we could have been. So cheerily work on
in faith and hope. There are those by whom
you are never forgotten.
HABITS OF LITERARY WOMEN.
A Chicago correspondent of the New York
; Times comforts himself and mankind generally
that literary women are not all slatterns in dress
. or behavior.
The ladies who have attended the Chicago Convention
just closed, have taken part, and shown an appreciation
and knowledge of things worthy their studious hus-
bands and frienls. Tastefully and elegantly attired,
dignified and thoroughly intelligent, these women have
shown that the tame is coming when literary dinners, -
for example, will not be given, or at least, will not be
valued, unless women are of their number. We all know
that there are women who have not the keenest sense
of the eternal fitness of things. We all know that
old women dressed like school girls, and giggling, un-
appreciating, middle-aged and youngwomen, have some-
times demeaned, rather than elevated, public assem-
blies, where wit and intelligence have been the things
most desired. But the day of these things is passing
away. Women are beginning to show what they can do
under the rule of liberty and common sense. 1 heard a
lady lament in a conversation with one of tho Professors
here the other morning, chat she could not bear a pa-
per on the Darwinian theory of the Origin of Species,*
by Charles Moran, of New Yorkand, seemingly en-
tirely unaware that she had accomplished a wonderful
amount of intelligence for her years, she conversed an
hour on Darwins absurd system, showing she had
studied.it well, lamenting Herbert Spencers indorse-
ment of it, and advocating with as much energy as
grace her belief in the Creators perfect lawslaws, she
said, which could not be improved or changedlaws the
simplest of which have not been made in vaiu. This
woman was but thirty years old. She was as elegantly
dressed as a Saratoga coquette, but had learned the sim-
ple lesson of how disastrous to influence, and even hap-
piness it is, to be one-idead in anything, or to care to
understand and appreciate nothing beyond ones hobby.
I afterward heard her play on the piano in a way which
showed that her book studies had not interfered with
her musicand her graceful and self-possessed manner
certainly showed that neither had interfered with a pro-
per devotion to society.
New and Important Law Question.The
papers say a young woman of New York, who
has worn male attire for five years, without be-
ing detected, is determined to test in Court the
right of any person to decide what she shall wear
if anything.
A BRAVE WOMAN.
The New York Sun gives the following. We
copy to show what women can do with coinage
and resolution:
Mr. Albert Harringtons dwelling on the Hackensack
road, near Union Hill, was entered by burglars on Friday
nigbt. Mr. Harrington, his wife, children, two servant
girls, and two young lady visitors, were the only persons
in the house at the time. About 2 oclock a noise on the
first floor vas heard, and one of the visitors, Susan
Townsend,"of Brooklyn, ?rose and saw two men holding
a dark lantern, and packing a bag with clothing. She
then quietly awoke Mr. Harrington, who, not having a
revolver, took a bed slat and went down to meet the rob-
bers, and as one of them was about to enter the parlor,
he dealt the thief a heavy blow, whereupon he drew a
revolver, and was about firing when Miss Townsend
pushed his arm aside, and the ball passed into the ceil-
ing. A desperate struggle then ensued between the bur-
glar and Mr. Harrington, and in the meantime Miss
Townsend used the bed slat to good advantage on the
ruffians head and body. Mrs. Harrington and two ser-
vants soon came to the rescue, each armed with a bed
slat, which they beat the robber with severely, making
him release his hold. Mr. Harrington knocked him down
stairs, whence he made his escape through a window
by which the gang entered. On examination two hags
were found, filled with wearing apparel and silver ware.
Both of the thieves lost their boots, and one his hat, con.
laining $140 of Mr. Harringtons money, also his gold
watch and chain. The whole property was valued at
more than $2,000.,
SOME PROGRESS.
In September, 1699, a remarkable eclipse of
the sun occurred, in anticipation of which Fred-
eric Hie EC. of Hesse issued the following De-
cree :
Whereas, His Highness has been informed that a
highly dangerous eclipse of the sun will take place next
Wednesday, September 23d, at 10 oclock, a.m., his High-
ness, as a good father of his people, deems it incumbent
upon himself to advise all persons to keep their cattle at
home on the day previous to the eclipse, and for several
days afterward, to provide the necessary fodder for this
purpose, to shed the doors and windows of the stables,
to cover the wells carefully, and to secure the cellars and
barns, lest the noxious vapors of the air should penetrate
into them and breed infection, inasmuch as so dangerous
an eclipse may give rise to whooping-cough, severe rheu-
matism, palsy, epilepsy, maligiiantfevers, and even pes-
tilential epidemics.
OMAHA.
An enthusiastic traveller, one of a party lately
exploring the far we t, writes thus of the new
City of Omaha to the Boston Christian Watchman
and Reflector :
Ten years ago Omaha was a Western settlement; to-day
it is a flourishing city of 15,000 inhabitants who hold cor-
ner lots at fabulous prices, and talk of the time when
their own town shall rival Chicago. The first view fav-
orably impresses the visitor ; the second makes him
open his eyes with wonder at the strange mixture of civ-
ilization and frontierism. Beautifully situated on high
bluffs overlooking the Missouri, its large blooks of well
built stores ar flanked by wooden shanties which, like
Jonahs gourd grew in a night. Elegant private' dwell-
ings, surrounded by tastefully arranged gardens, indicate
the growing wealth and culture of some of the citizens,
but tho many buts and numerous saloons show that a
large number are still in the slough. In tho streets may
be seen equipages which would do credit to Beacon
Street, in fact the beauty and stj le of the horses excited
the surprise and admiration of our party.
The New York Evening Mailt one of the
spiciest papers in the country, says, A Grant
man, coming through the cars, on Mrs. Stan-
tons journey from Peterboro to Auburn a few
clays ago, asked her who The Bevolution
went for. Throwing back one of her gray curls,
she said : The editors of .The Bevolution
are for Chase and Universal Suffrage.


124
What an Xtat.tan Woman Did.Maria Gae-
tana Agnesi was a learned Italian lady of the
early part of the eighteenth century. When
a young and laughing child, she spoke Latin
with ease, and in after years, the foreigner from
almost any land was welcomed to her threshold
in his native tongue. On the death of her
father, the professor of mathematics at the uni-
versity of Bologna, she took his place, and de-
livered mathematical lectures to the youth
gathered together from all parts of Europe. It
was at the young age of thirty-two that she took
this important post, but mathematics was not a
new theme to her, for long before, when but
twenty, she had written a treatise on this same
subjecta work that was much used by the stu-
dents.
If in the eighteenth century it was not thought
too Revolutionary to give woman a professor-
ship in the male institution ; why in this cen-
turythe enlightened, the progressive nine-
teenth, should it be considered too Revolu-
tionary to give woman a mere scholarship in
similar institutions?
Shocking, Truly. The South Carolina papers
are inexpressibly shocked because at a colored
fair, recently given at Columbia, Mr. Speaker
Moses, of the Legislature of South Carolina,
and young Mackey, Sheriff of Charleston, were
presentthe one fanning and gaily chatting
with the dusky damsels, while the other prom-
enaded the room with a young lady of mixed
breed. Stranger things have been known in
southern slavery than that these very parties
should be blood relations, perhaps brothers and
sisters. Mrs. Jefferson Davis, just arrived in
England, is already suspected of having colored
blood in her veins, and they say, too, that her
children also give striking evidence of the
same mixture.
Regatta Girls.During the progress of the
Annual Regatta of the Columbia Boat Club on
Hudson river, some interest was occasioned by
the appearance of Miss Davis of Pleasant Valley,
who, in company with Dr. Withers, pulleda two-
oared boat, and for some distance held her own
with the competing boats. She handled the
blades with skill, and attracted much attention.
Until women tried it was not known that
they could make books, or bread, or any-
thing. But when or where have they ever failed
in anything, with good opportunity for trial as
is given to men?
A Lady Professor.The evening Post an-
nounces that Miss Blandina Conant, of Brook*
lyn, daughter of Rev. Dr. T. J. Conant, the well-
known Biblical scholar and translator, has been
appointed Professor of English Literature in
Rutgers College, in this city. The appoint-
ment is a good one, the Post thinks, for Miss
Conant is a lady of uncommon culture and
scholarship, an accomplished student, not only
of English, but also of French and German
literature, and a precise and accurate scholar.
Aragon dTullia, a descendant of an illegiti-
mate branch of the regal house of Aragon, was
celebrated in Italy, towards the middle of the
sixteenth century, for her beauty, wit, learning
and varied accomplishments. Her merits were
the favorite theme of the most eminent men of
the age. She is the author of Poems, a Dia-
logue of Love, and II Meschino, a poem in
thirty-six cantos,
She T
Ballot and Education.A writer in the
Chicago Advance says truly, that the ballot wil
never educate women any more than it educates
men. There is no magic in a vote to impart the
mysteries and profundities of science to a mind
which does not devote its powers to study and
reasearch, but it may open up to woman possi-
bilities of privilege and opportunity which will
incite her to self-culture, and tempt her out into
fields of knowledge, into which, if she now en-
ters, it is only by dint of struggle and heroic de-
termination.
Colored Democrats.We hear of clubs of
them with their meetings, processions, bar*
becues, resolutions and speeches all over the
South. They imitate white democrats so exactly,
even to mobbing republican gatherings some-
times, that one sees but little difference between
them. They are fast coming to believe that
their right of suffrage was given them, like their
liberty in the war, n'ot to save themselves, but
somebody else.
Womans Suffrage Association.A new As-
sociation has just been formed in Rockland,
Maine, and the corresponding secretary, Elvira
P. Thomdyke, writes of it to Miss Anthony, as
follows :
A Society has just been organized here called the
Equal Rights Association of Rockland. It bids fair to
live, although it requires all the courage of heroic souls
to contend against the darkness that envelopes the people.
But the foundation is laid, and many noble women are
catching the inspiration of the hour. When we are fully
under way, we shall send you a copy of our preamble
and resolutions.
Arelaphila, a iady of Cyrene, who lived
about the time of the wars between Mithridates
and the Romans, delivered her country from
the tyranny of Nicocrates, and of his brother,
Lysander, the former of jvhom had murdered
her husband. After having given wise laws and
institutions to the Cyreneans, she refused to ac-
cept the sovereign authority, and retired to
private station.
Extremes Meeting.The New York limes
thinks the working of the Vineland women in
the fields, is a meeting of barbarism and civili-
zation. It chinks better of it, however, as it
proceeds, and finally come out excellently well
in all but the ballot question, thus :
The Revolution reports that at Vineland, below
Philadelphia, there are numbers of women cultivating
their plots of ground, very easily and successfullyone of
them an ex-teacher of forty, from Massachusetts, and
the rest widows. This looks better than SoroHs clubs
and ballot-boxes. It is a wholesome occupation, cer-
tainly, that work of cultivating the fruits and flowers
aye, and the vegetables too. These little female farms
or gardens, may, in summer, be turned into profitable
places of sojourn for city-fatigued girls who would give
their work for their board. But not The girls wont go
to such vegetable nunneries. So we must let those
widows and school-marms manage as they please
themselves, and take what boarders they can.
The Commercial Advertiser thinks and so does
The Revolution that it does not look well to
see city officials smoking cigars at a funeral.
Indeed, we are of the opinion it does not look
well even for an individual who holds no office
to smoke on such occasions.
Both Belgravia and the St. James's Magazine,
two of the principal English monthlies, are
edited by womenMiss Braddon and Mrs. Rid-
dell, respectively.
Feminine Fury.The London Times tells of
a novel scene occurring in the Hop gardens at
Elm Farms in Sussex. It appears that one of
the hop-pickers had inflicted personal chastise-
ment upon his wife, which disgraceful feet soon
got noised abroad. The next day a number of
women collected together, and having provided
themselves with bunches of nettles and hop
vines, proceeded to the garden where the brutal
husband was at work. Having surrounded him,
they at once commenced applying the nettles
and hop vines, treating the case quite ac-
tively, as the physicians say. The poor man
begged for mercy, but got none; and when he
was allowed to depart, he bore on his body a
feminine testimony, written in rather rough
but easily deciphered hieroglyphics, as to what
the man deserves who abuses his wife.
Womans Suffrage in England.The wo-
men will have to bestir themselves in this coun-
try or their English sisters will surely win first.
They are mightily in earnest, especially in the
northern and midland counties, with London,
too, all aroused on the question. The overseers
of Salford, near Manchester, have placed more
than twelve hundred names of women on the
voting register of that borough, and above five
thousand women have sent in their claims to
vote in the city of Manchester. Where are the
women of New York and Philadelphia, Boston,
Cincinnati and Chicago ? Waiting, perhaps,
for the small towns, the brave rural districts to
lead the way.
Keeping Good Company.Rev. A. D. Mayo,
in the Liberal Christian, says : Woman should
do everything she is able ; even hold conven-
tions with Geo. Francis Train, if no better oc-
cupation invites. We once tried a convention
with Mr. Mayo, but to little purpose. Train did
a great deal better. Mr. Mayo ridicules the
young English ladies who take long pedestrian
tours among their northern lakes and moun-
tains, but they will take them in spite of him, and
with more robust frames, better health and long-
er life, shame our American, pale-faced deli-
cates vhom he so much admires.
Still Another.On the death of Miss So-
phia Smith, she left $30,000 to the Andover
Theological Seminary by means of which John
L. Taylor has been inaugurated Smith profes-
sor of theology and homiletics in this institution.
Why will women persist in endowing seminaries
and colleges that.treat their own sex with con-
tempt, when seeking learning at their barred
gates? Rich women of America, again we
entreat you to remember your fellow-women and
bestow your blessings where they can receive
their benefits!
One or The Stupids.The Houston (Texas)
Telegraph tells us, apparently with satisfaction,
thata freedman by the name of Gilmore of Bast-
rop County sent the first bale of new cotton to the
Galveston market, and received therefor from
Messrs. A. Sessums & Co., the premiums of a
fine silver pitcher and two silver cups, and also
1& cents more per pound than the market
price.
The Communiiist is a little paper published
monthly in Sc. Louis, Mo., devoted to the sys-
tem of CommunismAlcander Longley, pub-
Usher* Fifty cents per annum in advance,


V
125
l gttffllttUM*
An Amusing Breach op Promise Case.We
see by the Manchester (England) Guardian, that
two or three weeks ago Miss Margaret Blundell,
a grocer of Croston, near Southport, brought an
action against Mr. Peter Cropper for a breach of
promise of marriage. After a trial, almost as
amusing as that of the immortal Pickwick, and
with about as much foundation, the jury de-
cided to give her £35about $168, and she re-
turned to her counter, a richer, if not happier
woman. We have no doubt Miss Blundell was
bom somewhere in Yahkeedom.
- The Fruit-Growers Club.This association
meets every Thursday at two oclock at the
Horticultural rooms, 245 Broadway. The Glad-
iolus family was on exhibition last week. The
proprietor of The Revolution was present
with other ladies. Mr. Fuller, of the New York
Sun, had a specimen of a primitive gladiolus
which he held beside the magnificent variations
of to-day and said these, ten years hence, may be
as far behind as that of ten years ago is at pre-
sent. Miss Anthony retorted, I thought you
were going to say probably women in the good
time coming, when raised to equality with man,
will be as much more beautiful than the present
type of dumps and imbeciles, as are these im-
proved flowers than the dull, dingy russets from
which they proceeded.
The National Debt.The public debt, as
reported on the 31st of March, 1865, was two
thousand three hundred and sixty-six millions
nine hundred and fifty-five thousand and sev-
enty-seven dollars. On the 31st of July, 1868,
the national debt was two thousand five hundred
and twenty-three millions five hundred and
thirty four thousand four hundred and eighty
dollars. An increase of one hundred and fifty-
six millions five hundred and seventy-nine thou-
sand four hundred and three dollars. Some
over-zealous republicans say the war closed t o
soon. Certainly too soon for the National Trea-
ury, if Peace costs more than War.
A Good Sign.The Chicago Advance says,
whatever may come of the newly awakened in-
terest in respect to womans sphere and duties,
one result is marked and most auspicious. At
no time since the era of Missions began have
our Christian women felt so deeply as now the
degradation of their sex in heathen lands. And
never has there been a more earnest desire to
make this feeling issue in practical efforts for
their elevation.
Bachelors Beware!A ,u i; statistician
has demonstrated that married women on an
average live until forty-five, while unmarried
women do not live to be more than forty-three
years of age. An exchange therefor charges
thaf. every man who refuses to marry shortens
some womans life just two years, and thus
practically commits homicide, and follows up
the allegation by calling on the grand juries to
find hills against bachelors over thirty years
old.
Oberian.Nineteen young ladies graduated
at the late Commencement at Oberliu ; twenty-
four gentlemen and one lady from the college
course. A visitor says, not only did the ladies
read excellent essays, but they must also have
the rare credit of reading so that the vast audi-
ence could hear them.
Why had the N. Y. Dailies better look out ?
Because there is a Brick in the Press.
THE LABORERS' PARTY,
The following was part of a Call for a con*
vention sent us by Martin Allen, of Mendota,
LaSalle Co., 111. :
We, the undersigned, legal voters of the State of Il-
linois, would hereby request the co-operation, as far as
practicable, of the other legal voters of the State, iu
nominating candidates to the Presidency and Vice-Pre-
sidency of the United States.
PLATFORM.
The Income Tax law to be amended so as to collect
from ten per cent, to forty, or perhaps eighty per cent,
on inoomesone-tenth on incomes of five thousand dol-
lars and underone-ninth on incomes of ten thousand
dollarsone-eighth on incomes of fifteen thousand dol-
lars, etc., etc.
Greenbacks should he printed and the national debt
paid, when payable, in money of the same kind as that
which was borrowed, whether gold or paperfile sum
paid to each creditor should have the same purchasing
power as that which was borrowed ; and where govern-
ment has done otherwise, restitution should be made
both as to principal and interestacting upon the belief
that the amount of circulating medium at the com-
mencement of the war was about twenty dollars to the
person, and that shortly afterwards it was increased to
perhaps fifty or sixty dollars to the person. The green-
backs to he redeemed as indicated above.
The legislative department of government, state and
national, should be in the hands of laborers, exclusively.
All Legislative acts, deemed of special importance by a
very small minority of the Members of Congress or the
State Legislature, respectively, should, like a constitu-
tion, be referred to the people.
Some of the reasons for this national policy are briefly
these : Mankind subsist by toil; nevertheless, many do
not toil, but get their subsistence out of those who do.
Some of them get it by having and using a more power-
ful arm, while others of them getit by having and using
a more powerful brain. The first olass are consigned to
the penitentiary, when caught, but the seoond class are
called smart, or good business men.
To take the proceeds of labor from the laborer, with-
out having given him the fair equivalent, by a stronger
arm or by a stronger brain, has In both cases the saue
amount of moral turpitude. The rich are becoming
richer, and the laborers poorer. Illustrations of the
devices by which laborers are fleeced or robbed by
law, could be given without end. The most recent
and atrocious is seen in the present management
of the national debt and in the institution of national
banks, by both the present political parties. Laborers
are to be forced to pay the debt, while property is
to pay nothing. The declaration that property should
pay the debtmeaning that the next generation would be
under an obligation to pay it, because the property now*
on- hand will then have come into their possession is
void of candor. If it was honestly meant that there was
any obligation or lien upon property to pay the debt,
there would he an assessment upon the property now to
pay it. The amount of property now on hand is about,
twenty thousand millions of dollars, and the debt is
about $2,500,000,000. One-eighth of the property trans-
ferred from the debtors to the creditors wouldpay the
debt.
There is plainly no purpose, on the part of those who
have the property, to let any portion of it go towards
the payment of the debt. Labor must pay itit must
be paid out of labor yet to be performed, it seems so at
least. Therefore, let all the surplus products of labor be
converted to that objectbusiness sharpers, and all
classes of human leeches, should be allowed to appro-
priate to themselves but little of the earnings of others,
until the debt shall have been paidtake the fleeces
from the shearers, the spoils from the spoilers, and pay
the debt.
Protection ought to extend to all, whether their weak,
ness existed in their arms or their brains. To afford this
protection, to prevent the rich from becoming richer and
the poor poorer, and at the same time pay the national
debt, it is proposed to make a universal application of a
principle, which has heretofore been applied to authors
and inventors only, to wit:
When a person has received ample remuneration for ex*
penses, and pay for labor of body and mind, he is entitled
to nothing more.
If it is asked why authors and inventors are not pro-
tected perpetually* like other persons, but are protected
for a limited term of years only, the only intelligible an-
swer is in a reference to the above cited principle.
Presidential electors will be nominated.
It is intended also to nominate a candidate for Con-
gress for this 6th congressional district, or arrangements
will he made for nominating one, and members of the
legislature.
Inquiries may be addressed to Martin Allen, Mendota,
HI. Signers omitted.
A writes iu the Methodist calls Congress to
account for the desecration of the Sabbath at
the close of the session. We should like to
know what day they did not desecrate during
the whole session.
LITERARY.
Who shall be President ?The Phrenological Jour
nal for September contains all the Presidential candi-
datesGrant, Colfax, Seymour and Blair, with portraits
and concise sketches of Biography and character. Also,
Hon. Anson Burlingame, file Chinese Minister; Franz
Listz, the composer; Arminius Vambery, the Oriental
Traveller; John H. Iittlefied, artist. Who are the Yan-
kees ? Use legs and have legs; a Key Thought; the
Development Theory defined ; Our Daily Lectures ; A
New Class in Practical Phrenology ; Finding a Situation;
A perfect Church on EarthIs it possible ? 80 cents, or
$8 a year. $1.50 for a half year. S. R. Wells, 889 Broad-
way, New York. '
Pulnums Magazine for September, an excellent num-
ber of one of our very best magazines. The following
are some of its chapters : Camping out in Siberia ;
John and Bridget, A Talk about Names: A Three-
Horned Dilemma; French Newspapers; Saved from
the Asylum ; Hellas ; Louis XVII. and Eleazer Williams.
Were they the same Person ? Eliots Indian Bible; Path
way of a Great Enterprise; Baron Bunsen ; The New
York Post Office: The Situation and the Candidates. G
P. Putnam & Son, 661 Broadway.
Packards Monthly.Those who have commenced
taking it, say they like it, and those who have had it
longest, like it best. The cost of a ticket or two to the
theatre, pays for it a year ; and no young man should be
without it, whether t< go to the theatre or not. $1 a year
New York; S. S. Pac ard, 937 Broadway.
PAYMENT OF CURRENCY DEBTS IN
GOLD.
Editors of the Revolution:
Is is quite evident from the action of Congress, and
the tone of most of our public journals, both primarily
under the control of capitalists who would be advan-
taged by the payment of currency claims in specie or
its equivalent, that there is a general determination to
seoure this result, if possible, and thus obtain from the
labor of our'people 110, at least, where really only 100 is
due.
We find, on every side, articles in the papers insisting
upon the payment of the public debt (legal tenders in-
cluded) in specie, and denunciations against the repu-
diators, as they are called, who object to this course
We find, also, that some persons believe, or affect to be-
lieve, that the present holders of the public debt are
those who supplied the labor and the materials to carry
on the war, and that it would not be just to refuse full
payment to such, who came forward in our moment of
great necessity and volunteered to furnish us with meaus.
Perhaps these persons will inform us whether it was
the soldier and his family who paid the double prices
caused by issuing paper in which the people had not
confidence who were benefltted, or tbe merchant and
capitalist who had the merchandize already on hand,
and whether it is one or the other who would now reap
the benefit, in case of an anticipated rise in the value
of legal tenders and other currency claims from 72 to 109.
We may rather say, perhaps, that we do not need to
wait for the answer, for the experience of every day since
the unwise, uncalled for suspension of specie payments,
and the issue of irredeemable paper without interest,
has told against the laborer and the salaried man, as well
as against all who have subsisted on fixed incomes, while
the comparatively small number who wield oapital, have
been able to increase the amount to a fabulous extent
and exercise a power greater than kings themselves.
These men now seek to persuade us who are living on'


126
Sfft* |Uv0tuti0.
salaries, reduced one-half by their action,Jto consent that
the legal tenders and. other obligations due to them in
currency shall be paid at their full price in specie, and
that there is no end to the arguments and management
res orted to in order to secure this result.
It is true that they have contrived to convert a large
amount ot compound interest notes and 7*30 bonds
into 5-2Cs, and thus secure gold interest at least, without
exciting much opposition on tho part of debtors gener-
ally, as the process is one which does not directly show
its effects, though in fact, it increases our debt, by just
the difference between gold and paper.
But, when any step is proposed which looks directly
to resumption, or conversion of all our currency debts,
private as well as public, into those payable in specie
or its equivalent, there is an unmistakable opposition
and the movement stops. We cannot get so far even, as
lo pass an act legalizing new contracts to be made pay-
able iu specie, because the members in Congress from
the west suspect it will in some way lead lo resump-
tion, and their associates from the east are afraid it will
lose us votes in the election, and consequently hesitate
to do what they know ought to be done.
The simple truth is, that legislation is vitiated, recon-
struction hindered, and the business of our whole coun-
try (if not that of all the world) more or less disturbed
by want of prompt, honest action in regard to this great
question of resumption. Let us treat it honestly, only
asking from those who owe us just what is really due,
measuring the sum by its purchasing power, or true
value, rather than by the number of dollars, and we can
resume at ouce, safely and permanently.
Changing the price of a currency claim from 140 to 100
in gold would not affect its value, nor would flour at 10
in gold be worth less than it is in paper at 14. The effect
is the same in case both of liabilities and assets, and it
would reduoe the volume of the one, which is currency,
and the price of the other, which is now unduly inflated,
and bring us all back without danger of a commercial
crisis to the old standard.
It would not hasten the demand for payments, nor in-
crease the oall for gold. On the contrary, our credit, in*
dividually and collectively, would be vastly improved,
and the gold now used could bd dispensed with, and
paper measured by it, substituted,
The west and all other debtors would be relieved from
apprehension, and capitalists being no longer in fear of
freaky legislation, would allow their wealth to flow out
where it is wanted, and not keep it hoarded up in cities
at a low rate of^ interest, fostering speculation, and
gambling. Let us resume honestly at once. d. w.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOB, SALE,
Greenbacks for Money, An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At
laniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
pated from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Ch'edit Fonder and
Oi'edit Mdbilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Cold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship]between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
VOL. n.NO. 8.
A FIRST CLASS INVESTMENT.
We liave examined into the first mortgage
Tbonds of the Rockford Bock Island and St.
Louis Railroad Company, as an investment
security, and we find they are secured by a first
lien on some of the most valuable coal lands in
Illinois, comprising 20,000 acres of land, esti-
mated to contain over one hundred million
tons of the best quality of bituminous coal.
These coal lands will produce more than the
whole amount of the mortgage, and there is a
ready market for all the coal that can be mined,
to supply with fuel a population of 30,000 square
miles, besides 1,C00 miles of railway. Besides
the coal lands, the bonds are secured by a first
lien on 200 miles of railway, costing double the
amount of the mortgage, and traversing the
most prosperous and finest portions of the state
of Illinois. The bondholders have the option of
converting them into stock at their pleasure,
and as.the stock of this company is likely to be-
come as valuable as that of the Delaware and
Lackawanna Company in Pennsylvania, the
bondholders are likely to realize a very large
premium on their bonds. They pay interest 7
per cent, in gold, and both principal and interest
are payable in gold. For the present, these
bonds are offered at the low price of 95 in cur-
rency, so that investors realize an income of
over 10 per cent, per annum. For details we
refer to the advertisement in another column.
Talk among tUc Brokers in Wall Street.
PRIVATE BANQUET OF TEE KU KLUX ELAN SOCIETY
IN TEE ERIE RAILWAY DIRECTORY.
THE QUARTETTE OF VERY SHARP HONEST ERIE
TRUSTEES SWEAR ETERNAL ALLEGIANCE TO EACH
OTHER.
FRIGHTFUL OATH ON THE CHIPS OF THE HONEST
QUARTETTE TO THE GREAT PRINCIPLES OF THE
ERIE DIRECTORS KU KLUX ELAN SOCIETY.
THE 'RTtra QUARTETTE OF HONEST DIRECTORS AFTER
TTTH! CHIPS OI THE COMPANY AND OF THE DEAR
PUBLIC. MOTTOTHE END JUSTIFIES THE
MEANS.
THE HONEST QUARTETTE COMPOSED OF CIRCUS
CLOWN AND TIN PEDZiER FISK, LOYAL LEAGUE
CHARLES M. LEUPP GOULD, GAMBLER THOMPSON,
AND SQUINTY LANE.
SWEET WILLIAM LEFT OUT IN THE COLD AND GET-
TING RUSTY AND CRUSTY. WHY SO CROSS,
SWEET WILLIAM? A CHANSON FROM THE
BARBE BLEUE.
THE DEAR BOY SWEET WILLIAM LONG OF ERIE AT 70
WHEN HE OUGHT TO HAVE BEEN SHORT. CHIPS t
LEAVING THE DEAR ROY RAPIDLY, AND NO CHIPS
COMING IN.
SWEET WILLIAMS OLD BOURBON AND POKER
dont pull the wool over the eyes of the
CIRCUS CLOWN, SQUINTY LANE,
and the other honest Erie directors.
SWEET WILLIAMS GREENBACK CALF
gone to grass.
SQUINTY LANES REMINISCENCES
of Wall street, and his many victims in confiding friends
INCLUDING A SUICIDE.
Squinty Lane means to make Erie pay his losses
IN WILKESBARRE COAL.
LOYAL LEAGUE CHARLES M. LEUPP GOULD
means to get his friends chips, even if he
FORCES THEM TO COMMIT SUICIDE.
GAMBLER THOMPSON
means to introduce
DRAW POKER AND FARO
into the construction account of Erie.
THE POOR CONSTRUCTION ACCOUNT
of Erie to pay for fast horses, fast yachts, and
FAST WOMEN.
CIRCUS CLOWN FISK
expected to
BLACKMAIL THE UNION PACIFIC COMPANY
out of a brown stone mansion in the Avenue. How the
circus clewn slipped up in that and may settle down into a
GRANITE PALACE AND SING SING
it on the Hudson.
BOSTON ELDBIDGE KICKED OUT
oi the Erie board and sent home to the Hub with a flea
in bis ear, and a heavy load of
BOSTON, HARTFORD AND ERIE
on his back, with which he
COULD NOT STICK NEW YORKMUCH.
A BIG RAILROAD WAR
in the future between Erie and New York Central.
THE SOUND LINES OF
steamers to be bougbt upa third rail, narrow guage, to
be laid on tbe Erie road, and freight to be carried East
and West at
RUINOUSLY LOW BATES
in order to
DAMAGE NEW YORK CENTRAL, HUDSON RIVER AND
COMMODORE VANDERBILT.
Bates of fare and freight to be put down low, in order to
create a
GENERAL PANIC ON THE NEW YORK STOCK EX-
CHANGE.
EVERY STOCK ON THE LIST TO BE SMASHED.
A GREAT BEAR CAMPAIGN.
The dear public to be slaughtered by the
RAILWAY QUARTETTE OF THE ERIE KU KLUX ELAN.
THE BANKS AND MONEY LENDERS
to be stuck with loans on stocks at high prices,
THE CUMBERLAND COAL LOAN DODGE
to be played off on capitalists and banks.
THE HONEST QUARTETTE KU KLUX KLANS GIGAN-
TIC CONSPIRACY TO CREATE A PANIC AND SMASH
EVERYTHING.
Short sales take no capital on a falling marketonly
BRASS, PLUCK AND A LITTLE CREDIT
required to bear the market, with the control of
ERIE TO HAMMER EVERYTHING.
THE DIVIDENDS IN ERIE PREFERRED TO BE PASSED.
THE CIRCUS CLOWN FISK
says, if they are smart they ought to make $50,000,000
before January by hammering the market with Erie
and
SELLING SHORT EIGHT THROUGH THE LIST.
HENRY KEEP AND LOCKWOODS
may join the
' ERIE HONEST QUARTETTE
in their bear campaign, as soon as the
PUTS ON NORTH WEST
100,000 shares run out
RUFUS THE RUEFUL
and his friends long of North west and
CERTAIN TO BE USED UPHENRY KEEP TO GOBBLE
THEM UP
at the proper moment.
UNCLE DANIEL LYING
low, but to loom up among them ere critters by and
by.
UNCLE DANIEL
says be must see his
SYNAGOGUE TO AARON AND THE GOLDEN CALF
built before he dies. He has been waiting only to see
seligmans synagogue
on Murray HiU finished and then Uncle Daniel will build
a finer one.
LORD CORNWALLIS STUCK
all round and in a bad humor with the
I VAGABOND FOREIGN AND NATIVE BANKERS



12?
for putting down gold when
THE LOBD WAS LONG
of it, and mad with the
ERIE CLIQUE
for putting down Erie when the Daily Squib was bull-
ing it.
The street wants to know why
LOBD CORNWALLIS SUDDENLY TURNED
from blackguarding to
WHITEWASHING CIBCUS CLOWN FISK
and the other -
HONEST ERIE DIRECTORS ?
and why this somersault ?
THE GOLD BOOM BOYS
highly delighted with
LORD CORNWALLISS
fancy sketch in the
DAILY SQUIB
of that vile den ot swindlers.
THE NOBLE LORD
to have a gold room ovation the first time he goes there
The price of gold to be put up so that the
NOBLE LORD CAN GET OUT WHOLE.
THE MONEY MARKET
was easy throughout the week, call loans ranging from
- 4 to 5 per cent., with exceptions at 3 percent., and prime
business paper is discounted at 6% to 7 per cent. The
weekly bank statement does not predict a continuance of
eas e in loans, and there is a decrease in all the items.
The loans are decreased $2,562,837, the specie $3,185,169,
the circulation $23,540, the deposits $7,125,682, and the
legal tenders $3,177,836.
The following table shows the changes in the New
Tor's city banks compared with the preceding week :
Aug. 15. Aug. 22. Differences.
Loans, $277,808,620 $275,245,781 Dec. $2,562,837
Specie, 22,953,850 19,768,681 Dec. 8,185,169
Circulation, 34,114,887 34,137,627 Dec. 28,540
Deposits, 223,561,087 216,435,405Dec. 7,125,632
Legal-tenders, 72,935,481. 69,757,645 Dec. 3,177,836
THE GOLD MARKET
was not so strong, but continues firm at the quotations,
notwithstanding the increased efforts of the bears to de-
press the market, and also by the bulls who v ant to buy.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week wero
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 15, 146% 146% *46% 146%
Monday, 17, 147% 147% 146% 146%
Tuesday, 18, 146% 146% ' 145% 145%
Wednesday, 19, 145% 145% 144% 145%
Thursday, 20, 144% 144% 143% 143%
Friday, 21, 143% 144% 143% 144%
Saturday, 22, 144 144% 143% 144%
Monday, 24, 144% 145% 144% 145%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was firmer at the close, owing to the decline in gold, but
the demand is limitedv Prime bankers 60 days sterling
bills are quoted 109% to 109%, and sight 109% to 109%.
Francs on Paris bankers long, 5.17% to 5.16% and short
5.15 to 5.18%. Bills against bonds are offered at 109%,
60 days sterling, and 109% for sight
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
has been generally dull throughout the week, though at
the close, there was some slight improvement Erie
was the most active and fluctuating stock on the list,
being rapidly advanced from 46% to 50%, thereby intim-
idating the shorts and causing them to cover mostly at
the advanced quotations. Afterwards, the price declined
from 50% to 47%, then advanced to 48% and closed at
48% to 48%. The other stocks were dull and without
any marked features.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Canton, 45% to 46%; Boston W. P., 15 to 15% j
Cumberland, 28 ; Quicksilver, 20 to 20%; Mari-
posa, 4; Mariposa preferred, 7 to 8 ; Pacifio Mail,
100% to 101 ; Atlantic Mail, 19 to 23; W. U. Teh,
83% to 33%; N. Y. Central, 123% 123%; Erie, 48% to 48% .
preferred, 70 to 71; Hudson River, 134% to 137 ;
Beading, 90 to 90%; Wabash, 51%to 52%; Mil. & St |
P.,69 to 69%; do. preferred 79% to 79% ; Fort Wayne,
106 to 106%; Ohio & Miss., 28 to 28%; Mich. Cen.,
118 ; Mich. South, 82% to 82% ; HI. Central, 143
to 145 ; Pittsburg, 85% to 85%; Toledo, 98% to 99;
Rock Island, 98% to 99; North Western, 80% to 81 ;
do preferred, 80% to 80% ; Wells Fargo, 27% to 28 i
American, 41 jto 42; Adams; 47% 49; United States,
42% to 43.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were dull and declining throughout the week, and the gen-
eral indications are that there will he a further reduction
of prices owing to the foreign demand having entirely
ceased. Domestic bondholders are now anxious to sell,
thereby causing a surplus of bonds on the market largely
in excess of the demand.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Reg. 1881, 112% to 113 ; Coupon, 1881, 113% to
113% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 108 to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20,
1862, 113% to 113% ; Coupon, 6-20, 1864,108% to 109;
Coupon, 6-20, 1865, 110% to 111 ; Coupon, 6-20,1865,
Jan. and July, 107% to 107%; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
106% to 107 ; CoupoD, 5 *20, 1868, 107% to 107% ;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103% to 103% ; 10-40 Coupon, 108%
to 108% } September Compounds, 1865, 118% ; October
Compounds, 1865, 116.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,940,838 in gold against $2,830,432
$2,549,000 and $2,510,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $6,644,290
in gold against, $4,312,898 $6,0*46,093 and $5,695,166 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $2,772,663 in currency against $2,509,312, $2,505,-
994, and $2,976,685 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $648,923 against $653,498 $2,896,532
and $715,592 for the preceding weeks.
tt;QIJR NEXT PRESIDENT." LOOK!
WHO HAS THE BEST HEAD ? [See September
No. PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL, for Portraits and
Characters of all the Candidates, GRANT, COLFAX,
SEY&OUR, BLAIR, and others. Ready next week.
Newsmen will have it. Only 30 cts., or $3 a year. Ad-
dress S. R. WELLS, No. 389 Broadway, N. Y.
Does not have to be removed from the wall to open it.
Instead of trays to lift out, it is arranged with drawers,
made very light and strong.
It is much stronger, as only a small portion opens,
whereas in the old style the whole top comes off.
The same room in the bottom of the trunk for dresses
and heavy clothing as in the old style.
THE UPRIGHT PATENT TRUNK COMPANY,
No. 6 Barclay Street,
Next door to the Astor House.
WHAT SHALL WE EAT?The question
of HUMAN FOOD, always important, is doubly
so now, when our BEEF is said to be diseased. The
best works on the subject are
FOOD AND DIET, containing an Analysis of every
kind of Food and Drink. By Dr. J. Pereira. Edited by
.Dr. C. A. Lee. $1 76.
FRUITS AND FARINACEA THE PROPER FOOD
OF MAN. With notes and engraved illustrations. $1.75.
Agents Wanted.
THE SCIENCE OF HUMAN LIFE, ON DIET, PHY-
SIOLOGY, ANATOMY, etc. By Sylvester Graham, with
a biography. $3.50.
PHILOSOPHY OF DIGESTION. The Principles of
Dietetics. By Dr. Combe. 50 cents. THE STORY OF
A STOMACH. By a Reformed Dyspeptic. 75 cents.
HYDROPATHIC COOK BOOK, with new recipes $1.50.
SOBER AND TEMPERATE LIFE, with notes and illus-
trations, by Conaro. 50 cents. PHILOSOPHY OF
EATING, By Dr. Bellows. $2. Sent first post by
S# B, WELLS, No. 389 Broadway, N. Y,
rjlO INVESTORS.
SEVEN PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD.
PRINCIPAL ALSO PAYABLE IN GOLD.
The First Mortgage Bonds of the Rockford, Rock -
Island and St. Louis Railroad Company, as an Invest-
ment Security, combining perfect safety, cheapness,
and profit, are unequalled by anything offered in the
market
They pay seven per cent interestFebruary 1 and
August 1m gold coin, free of government tax. The
principal is also payable in gold.
The bonds have fifty years to run, and are convertible
into stock at the option of the holder. A sinking-fund
is provided sufficient to pay off the whole mortgage at
maturity.
Each bond is for $1,000, or £200 sterling. Interest is
payable in New York or London, at the option of the
holder.
These bonds are fully secured, being a first lien of
$5,000,000 upon 200 miles of railway, costing $10,000,-
000, and traversing the finest district of Illinois; also
upon 20,000 acres of land, estimated to contain 100,000,-
000 tons of coal. These lands, on the completion of the
railroad through them, will be worth more than the
whole amount of the mortgage.
For all the Coal this Company can produce there is a
ready market; 1,000 miles of railway and the popula-
tion of 30,000 square miles of territory can be supplied
with fuel from its mines more readily and cheaply than
from any other quarter.
One-half of the means required for the construction
and equipment of the railroad, and for the purchase of
coal lands, is derived from the sale of capital stock, to
which large subscriptions are mad a along the line of
road and elsewhere.
The work of construction is proceeding with great
rapidity, and the first division of filty miles, giving an
outlet to the coal, will be in fall operation by 1st Jan-
uary next.
The estimated earnings of ibis line of railway, with
its coal business, are three-fold what will be required to
pay interest on its bonds.
The trustee for the bondholders is the Union Trust
Company of New York.
At 95, the present price, and with gold at 40 pre-
mium, the bonds pay an income of over 10 per cent,
per annum.
For sale at the office of the Company, 12 Wall street.
Governments and other securities received in ex-
change.
H. H. BOODY, Treasurer.
U ^PSTWARI) THE STAR OF EMPIRE
TAKES ITS WAY!
SECURE A HOME IN THE GOLDEN
STATE!
THE IMrGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION OF
CALIFORNIA,
Incorporated under the laws of the State, November
30th, 1867, for the purpose of providing
HOMES FOB ITS MEMBERS,
and promoting imigration.
Capital Stock....................$1,000,000
Divided in 200,000 shares at $5 each, payable in
U. S. CURRENCY.
Certificates of stock issued to subscribers immediately
upon receipt of the money.
NO PERSON ALLOWED TO BOLD MORE TTfAXf FIVE SHARES.
Circular containing a full description of the property
to be distributed among the shareholders will bo sent to
any address, upon receipt of stamps to cover return
postage.
Information as to price of land in any portion of the
State, or upon any other subject of interest to parties
proposing to imigrate cheeriully furnished upon receipt
of stamps for postage.
All letters should be addressed
SECRETARY IMIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION,
Post Office Box No. 86,
San Francisco, California.
rriHE NEW METHOD OF TEACHING
X GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 30th
may be had by addressing the authoress,
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey,


128
750 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
Becured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probable that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera,
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road; also United
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sur-
' mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount may
be paid in services rendered by the Company in Irans
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNINGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 80, 1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
but they certainly prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
ARE ENTIRELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Company's Office in the city of New York, at
the rate of six per cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value of these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a long bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 28 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they,are beyond the reach
of political action. ..
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve the right to advance the price at anytime. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Company's advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in drafts or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for then' safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
lished by the Company, giving fuller information than
possible in au advertisement, respecting the Progress of
the Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the yalue of the
, Bonds, which will be sent free .on application at the
' CompanyS offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
August 12, 1868. New York.
nt |Ur0tntl0tt.
j^fORTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
229 BROADWAY, Comer Barclay Street,
NEW YORK.
TEE FIRST INSTITUTION OF ITS KIND IN THE
WORLD
To devise and offer to the Insuring Public
ABSOLUTE SECURITY WITH THE LARGEST
LIBERTY.
POLICIES SECURED BY PLEDGE OF PUBLIC
STOCKS,
Like the circulation of National Banks, by being
REGISTERED
JjlARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New Yobs.
IN NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT.
Contain none of the Usual Restrictions
IN TRAVEL, RESIDENCE, OR THE ORDINARY
EMPLOYMENTS,
Anywhere outside the Torrid Zone.
officers : :
N. D. MORGAN, Pres. T. T. MERWIN, Vice-Pres.
J. W. MERRILL, Sec'y. GEO. ROWLAND, Actuary.
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE'SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW TORN.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in Monmouth County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
Musical boxes,
playing from 1 to 24 tunes, costing from $3.50 to
$2,000. Every variety of the newest accompaniments;
Voix Celestes (Celestial Voices), Orgonocleides, Mando-
lines. Expressives, Picolos, Bells, Drums, Castinets, etc.,
etc. Musical Boxes are very durable.
. They are fine ornaments for the Parlor, as well as plea-
sant companions for the invalid. Having given our
special attention to the trade for over fifteen years, we
!are able to supply every want quicker and better than
any house in this country.
' M. J. PAILLARD & CO Importers, No. 21 Maiden
Lane (up stairs), New York. Musical Boxes repaired.
26-29
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required; no coal*
ashes or smoke produced. A11 sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
,worid. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of Oil Refiners. '
t Send for Pamphlet Circular containing luU details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
j 484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
!j|| ATHILD A A. McCORD,
613 CHESTNUT STREET,
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
KEEPS ON HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT OF
SPIRITUAL AND LIBERAL BOOKS,
PAMPHLETS AND PERIODICALS.
ALSO A SUPPLY OF STATIONERY, ETC.
J8SP* The patronage of friends and the public gene-
rally is respectfully solicited. 4-9
CLOTHING! CLO rfflNG! CLOTHING!
Our stock for the present season is of unparalleled
extent and variety in both MEN'S* AND BOYS' CLOTH-
ING. Persons at a distance can obtain perfect fitting
garments from us, with certainty and dispatch, by the
aid of OUR NEW RULES FOR SELF-MEASUREMENT,
Rules aud Price-List sent by mail on application. FREE
MAN & BURR, Clothing Warehouse, 124 Fulton and
90 Nassau Sts., N. Y.
jyj-RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO.,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to al
fliseases of women, and o the duties of an Accoucheuse.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Malden Lane<
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
RINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY. AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
"YEOMEN ARTISTS.
MISS S. E. FULLER,
WOOD ENGRAVER,
863 BROADWAY.
ENEDICTS
TRADE TIME Mark
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St.
Sole Agents foj the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
THE BENEDICT'S TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the foUowing
prices: 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
691 BROADWAY.
PICTURES JUST READY.
Marriage of Washington, Size to Frame 22 in. by .
Hour of Prayer,
View on Hudson near West Point,
Life in the Wood,
The Cavalry Camp.
Also a full set of
CHROMO LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS
of George Washington, Martha Washington, Lincoln
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, Stonewall Jackson and Gen.
Lee, all framed in fine gilt ovals 14 inches by 11.
Address LYON & CO., 494 Broome street, N. Y.
It/TISSES ABBIE T. CRANE,
VJL FRANCES KETCHAM, and
LAURA E. BOWER,
DESIGNERS and ENGRAVERS ON WOOD
763 BROADWAY.
Q HEAP PRINTING,
33 Beckman St top floor