Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS,MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS,
VOL. n.NO. 9. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1868. WHOLE NO. 35.
BfO0lntt0n.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON",
PARKER PILIiSBURY,
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 FARE ROW (ROOM 20.)
MOUNT VERNON,
EARNEST CALL FOR A MEETING.
Mount Vernon, N. Y., Aug. 24th, 1868.
To Susan B. Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton:
We, the undersigned, being desirous of educating
ourselves and others, in regard to the legal rights and
disfranchisement of women who own property, ear-
nestly request that you will, at an early day, hold a pub-
lic meeting in this village, and give us the benefit of your
broad experience on this, to us, momentous question.
It is a fact not generally known, that more than 60 per
eent. of the real estate ip Mount Vernon is owned by
women, many of them widows ; also a large amount is
owned by married women whose husbands do not own
a dollars worth of property here, and the largest real es
tate owner in town, is a woman.
As only property owners can vote for the appropria-
tion of money for village improvement, and as yet, no
woman has ever voted on the question, the sequence is
that more than 60 per. cent, of the property is taxed with-
out the consent of the owners and often against their
wishes.
This is an evil we are determined to submit to no
logger.
No taxation without representation shall be our
shibolcbh henceforth. Respectfully,
Mrs. M. J. Law,
Mrs. H. H. Leaver,
Mbs. Olive Leaver,
Mrs. J. Haggerty,
Mary H. Macdonald,
Mbs. Dorothy Ferguson,
Mrs. M. J. Farrand,
Mrs. Jeanette Obon,
Mrs. Thirza Clark,
Mrs. J. S. Clark,
Mrs. Nettie Morgan,
Mrs. D. Downs,
Miss L. M. Hale,
Miss Susie Law,
Mbs. Celia Pratt,
Mrs. Sabra Talcoit,
Mrs. Mary Wilkie,
Mrs. Elizabeth Latham,
Mrs. Mary C. Brown,
Mrs. J. M. Lockwood,
Mrs. May Howe, '
Mbs. Ad aline Baths,
Mrs. J. Harper,
Miss Elizabeth Eaton,
MlSSC. FRBDERISKASCHARFr
Mrs. S. A. Hathaway,
Mrs. Margaret Hick,
Mrs. Rebecca Dianne,
Mrs. Catharine Alphonse,
Miss Julia Cheney,
Mrs. E.' Watkins,
Mrs. L. M. Pease,
Mrs. Margaret Coles,
Mrs. Ruth Smith,
Mrs. Mary A. Douglas ,
Mrs. Sabah Valentine,
Mrs. H. C. Jones.
Mbs. J. Tomlinson,
Mrs. Amanda Carr,
Mrs. Margaret Wooley,
Mrs. S. Seebeb,
Mrs. B. Powers,
Mrs. S. A. Waterhouse,
Mrs. H. M. Smith,
and many others.
New Suffrage Movement.A movement is
on foot in Boston, to enfranchise boys of eight-
een. It is proposed (says the Boston Tra-
veller) to make this a national movement, and it
is to be agitated immediately in other large cities
in the United States, As most of the young men
will undoubtedly take a right yiew of things aocl
vote with the Union party, the idea may not be
a bad one.
To all ot which The Be volution might
most heartily subscribe, if that Union party
proposed to enfranchise the mothers of these
boys; and their sisters also, even at twenty-one
years of age.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN MICHIGAN,
The New York Woi'ld copies the following
from the Sturgis (Mich.) Star, of Aug. 22.
Last spring the ladies of Sturgis went to the polls one
hundred and twenty in number, and demonstrated the
propriety oi the movement. Their votes did not count,
for they could only be cast in a separate box, and the
movement was only good in its moral effect.
At the school meeting the ladies have an equal right
to vote with the men. Whatever qualifications a man
roust possess to exercise privileges in that meeting, any
woman possessing line qualifications can exercise like
privileges there.
To substantiate this, it is only necessary to read the
school law.
Section 145 of the Primary School law reads :
The words qualified voter* shall be taken and
construed to mean and include all taxable persons resid-
ing in tbe district of the age of twenty-one years, and
who have resided therein three months next preceding
the time of voting.
Ex-State Superintendent John M. Gregory's opinion
of that is as follows :
Under this section (145) all persons liable to be taxed
in the district, and twenty-one years of age, and having
resided three months in the district, without dis-
tinction of sc, color, or nationality, may vote in the
district meetings.
In districts where'they elect only a Director, Assessor,
and Moderator, the ladies can vote on all questions ex-
cept the election ot officers.
In graded districts they can vote on all questions,
election of Tru tees included.
Here we might state that men having no taxable pro-
perty, but who vote at town meetings and general elec
tions, cau only vote for Trustees at a school meeting.
Any woman, then, having a watch, cow, buggy, or
personal properly of any kind, subject to tax, or who
owus real estate in her own name, or jointly with her
husband, can vote.
Here, then, is a lawful right for women to vo+e atf that
school meeting, and as there can be no impropriety in
it, we advocate it. We believe that it will work good.
Our Union school is something that all should feel and
bave a deep, active interest in. We hope, then, thal
those ladies entitled to vote will attend and exercise the
rights that the law grants them.
To give these suggestions a practical effect, we cheer-
fully publish the following
NOTICE.
The undersigned respectfully request those lady resi-
dents oi District Ho. Three of the Township of Sturgis,
who are entitled to vote at the annual meeting, to as-
semble in Mrs. Pendleton's parlor, at the Exchange
Hotel, on Friday evening next, August28, at 7% o'clock,
to consider the matter oi exercising the privilege which
the law gives them at the school meoting.
This Call is signed by about twenty 6f the
best women of the borough and the Worlds
editorial on the subject shows clearly that it is
ready and even desirous that the experiment
should be tried. Last week we called attention
in The Revolution to the earnestness of
the English women in urgig their claim to
the right of Suffrage, and appealed to American
women from their example, We hear from dif-
ferent sources that American women will at-
tempt, to some extent, to be registered this year
as voters, and we hope so brave an example
will become a contagion.
A boastful warrior once demanded -of his
foe, Deliver up your arms. The answer was,
Come if you dare, and take them! Let wo-
men become brave enough to take their rights
and there will not be much resistance. Accord-
ing to their faith and their courage, so shall
it be.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
We give an unusual portion of The Revolu-
tion this week to the unrighteous persecution
by the British government of Geo. Francis Train.
Were he a British subject, held a prisoner in
the interior of Africa, that government would
rescue him at the cost of innumerable livf3 and
other millions added to the national debt. But
the American nation seems to enjoy his incar-
ceration. Such journals as the Round Table ir-
sult his injuries by conjuring the government
to continue them. One part of the nation con-
sider his incarceration a huge joke; the rest
apparently are glad of it. Nobody has seemed
to care how long he is held, and The Revo-
lution has been greatly blamed on every
hand, and almost cursed, for allowing him to be
heard in its columns. But were even the edi-
tors of the Round Table, the Tribune, the Times,
or any of the city journals that have seemed so
delighted at his imprisonment, in his place, we
would, at least, give them a hospitable hearing
instead of mocking their miseries. Now, that
the outrages perpetrated upon him are becom-
ing apparent, and he is showing, even from his
cell, that he is innocent of all charge against
him, we discover a change of tone in the Ameri-
can press, and hope to soon hear of his libera -
feion. The following is from the Boston Journal
of the 25th inst. :
George Francis Train.This noted individual, as
almost everybody knows, has liis peculiarities, but it is
generally conceded that they are not of such character
as shall exclude him I'rom sympathy. His imprison-
ment in England hits been very x>rotvacted, and the
question of its justice or injustice i3 beginning to be
agitated. It appears he was arrested on account of a
debt contracted years ago, in Great Britain, by tbe rail-
way firm of which he was a member. But the affidavit of
his solicitor and other confirmatory evidence show that
Mr. Train had made good his share of the indebtedness
alluded to to his partner, Mr. McHenry, before thei
partnership ceased; and that Mr. McHenry thereupon
assumed and agreed to pay tbe liabilities aforesaid,
being Haim of tne Ebbw Vale Company, etc., and
various others, and to indemnify and hold harmless
the said George Francis Traig therefrom. AU these
documents were offered in court, hut rejected on
merely technical groundssuch as their not being on
regulation paper, and because of other stupid for-
malities. It is upheld by many who are not admirers
of Mr. Trains politics that this circumlocution sim-
ply means revenge on the part of tbo British govern-
ment on account of his sympathy with the Fefiiacs, and
that U is about time tb&t tbe right oi an American
oitisea in England to tho privileges or English law
should be assorted la the ease of Twin bj Vit gov
crnmental authorities,


130
THE RIGHTS OF WO MAH.
BY MARY WOLLSTONEORAFT1790.
CHAPTER V.
ANIMADVERSIONS ON SOME OP THE WRITERS WHO
HAVE RENDERED WOMEN OBJECTS OP PITY,
BORDERING ON CONTEMPT.
SECTION IV.
I do not mean to allude to all the writers who
have written on the subject of female manners
it would in fact be ODly beating over the old
ground, lor they have, in general, written in the
same strain ; but attacking the boasted preroga-
tive of manthe prerogative that may emphati-
cally be called the iron sceptre of tyranny, the
original sin of tyrants, I declare against all
power built on prejudices, however hoary.
If the submission demanded he founded on
justicethere is no appealing to a higher power
for God is justice4itself. Let us, then, as chil-
- dren of the^same parent, if not basterdized by
being the younger bom, reason together, and
learn to submit to the authority of reason
when her voice is distinctly heard. But, if it
be proved that this throne of prerogative only
rests on a chaotic mass of prejudices, that have
no inherent principle of order to keep them to-
gether, or on an elephant, tortoise, or even the
mighty shoulders of a son of the earth, they
may escape, who dare to brave the consequence
without any breach of duty, without sinning
against the order of things.
Whilst reason raises man above the brutal
herd, and death is big with promises, they alone
are subject to blind authority who have no re-
liance on their own strength. They are free
who will be free! *
The being who can govern itself has nothing
to fear in life ; but if anything is dearer than
its own respect, the price must be paid to the
last farthing. Virtue, like everything valuable,
must be loved for herself alone; or she will
not take up her abode with us. She will not
impart that peace which passeth understand-
ing/ when she is merely made the stilts of re-
putation anil respected with Pharisaical exact-
ness, because honesty is the best policy.
That the plan of life which enables ns to carry
some knowledge and virtue into another world,
is the one best calculated to insure content in
this, cannot be denied ; yet few people act ac-
cording to this principle, though it be univer-
sally allowed that it Admits not of dispute.
Present pleasure, or present power, carry before
it these sober convictions; and it is for the
day, not for life, that man bargains with happi-
ness. How few! how very few have sufficient
foresight or resolution to endure a small evil at
the moment to avoid a greater hereafter!
Woman in particular, whose virtuef is built
on mutual prejudices, seldom attains to this
greatness of mind ; so that, becoming the slave
of her own feelings, she is easily subjugated by
those of others. Thus degraded, her reason,
her misty reason! is employed rather to bur-
nish than to snap her chains.
Indignantly have I heard women argue in the
same track as men, and adopt the sentiments
that brutalize them with all the pertinacity of
ignorance.
I must illustrate my assertion by a few ex
amples. Mrs. Piozzi, who often repeated by
* He is the free man whom the truth makes free.
~Cowper.
11 mean to use a word that comprehends more thn
chastity, the sexu 1 virtue.
rote what she did not understand, comes for-
ward with Johnsonian periods.
Seek not for happiness in singularity ; and
dread a refinement of wisdom as a deviation into
folly. Thus she dogmatically addresses a new
married man ; and, to elucidate this pompous
exordium, she adds, I said that the person of
your lady would not grow more pleasing to you,
but pray never let her suspect that it grows less
so : that a woman will pardon an affront to her
understanding much sooner than one to her
person, is well known, nor will any of us con-
tradict the assertion. All our attainments, all
our arts, are employed to gain and keep the
heart of man ; and what mortification can ex-
ceed the disappointment, if the end be not ob-
tained : There is no reproof, however pointed,
no punishment, however severe, that a woman of
spirit will not prefer to neglect; and if she can
endure it without complaint, it only proves that
she means to make herself amends by the at-
tention of others for the slights of her hus-
band
These are true masculine sentiments. All
our arts are employed to gain and keep the
heart of man : and what is the inference ?
if her parson (and was there ever a person,
though formed with Medicisan symmetry, that
was not slighted ?) be neglected, she will make
herself amends by endeavoring to please other
men. Noble morality! But thus is the under-
standing of the whole sex affronted, and their
virtue deprived of the common basis of virtue.
A woman must know that her person cannot he
as pleading to her husband as it was to her lover,
and if she be offended with him for being a hu-
man creature, she may as well whine about the
loss of his heart as about any other foolish
thing. And this very want of discernment or
unreasonable anger proves that he could not
change his fondness for her person into affec-
tion for her virtues, or respect for her under-
standing.
While women avow and act up to such opin-
ions, their understandings, at least, deserve the
contempt and obloquy that men, who nevet' in-
sult their persons, have pointedly levelled at the
female mind. And it is the sentiments of these
polite men, who do not wish to be encumbered
with mind, that vain women thoughtlessly adopt
Yet they should know that insulted reason alone
can spread that sacred reserve about the persons
which renders human affections, for human affec-
tions have always some base alloy, as permanent
as is consistent with the grand end of existence
the attainment of virtue.
The baroness de Stael speaks the same lan-
guage as the lady just cited, with more enthu-
siasm. Her eulogium on Rousseau was acci-
dentally put into my hands, and her sentiments,
the sentiments of too many of my sex, may
serve as a text for a few comments. Though
Rousseau, she observes, has endeavored to
prevent women from interfering in public af-
fairs, and acting a brilliant part in the theatre
of politics ; yet, in speaking of them, how much
has he done it to their satisfaction! If he
wished to deprive them of some rights foreign to
their sex, how has he forever restored to them
all those to which it has a claim! And in at-
tempting, to diminish their influence over the
deliberations of men, how sacredly has he es-
tablished the empire they have over their hap-
piness! In aiding them to descend from an
usurped throue, he has firmly seated them upon
that to which they were destined by nature;
and though he be full of indignation against
them when they endeavor to resemble men, yet
when they come before him with all the charms,
weakness, virtues, and errors of their sex, his re-
spect for their persons amounts almost to adora-
tion. True! For never was there a sensualist
who paid more fervent adoration at the shrine
of beauty. So devout, indeed, was his respect
for the person, that excepting the virtue of
chastity, for obvious reasons, he only wished to
see it embellished by charms, weaknesses, and
errors. He was afraid lest the austerity of rea-
son should disturb the soft playfulness of love.
The master wished to have a meretricious slave
to fondle, entirely dependent on his reason
and bounty ; he did not want a companion,
whom he should be compelled to esteem, or a
friend to whom he should confide the care of
his childrens education should death deprive
them of their father, before he had fulfilled the
sacred task. He denies woman reason, shuts
her out from knowledge, and turns her aside
from truth ; yet his pardon is granted, because,
he admits the passion of love. It would re-
quire some ingenuity to show wby women were
to be under such an obligation to him for thus
admitting love ; when it is clear that he admits
it only for the relaxation of men, and to perpet-
uate the species ; but he talked with passion,
and that powerful spell worked on the sensibil-
ity of a young encomiast. What signifies it,
pursues this rhapsodist, to women, that his
reason disputes with them the empire, when his
heart is devotedly theirs. It is not empire
but equality, that they should contend for. Yet,
if they only wished to lengthen out their sway,
they should not entirely trust to their persons,
for though beauty may gain a heart, it cannot
keep it, even while the beauty is in full bloom,
unless the mind lend, at least, some graces.
When women are once sufficiently enlightened
to discover their real interest, on a grand scale,
they will, I am persuaded, be very ready to re-
sign all the prerogatives of love that sure not
mutual (speaking of them as lasting preroga-
tives) for the calm sati sfaction of friendship
and the tender confidence of habitual esteem.
Before marriage, they will not assume any inso-
lent airs, nor afterward abjectly submit; but*
endeavoring to act like reasonable creatures, in
both situations, they will not be tumbled from
a throne to a stool.
Madame Genlis has written several entertain-
ing books for children ; and her letters on Edu-
cation afford many useful hints, that sensible
parents will certainly avail themselves of; but
her views are narrow, and her prejudices as un-
reasonable as strong.
I shall pass over her vehement argument in
favor of the eternity of future punishments, be-
cause I blush to think that a human being should
ever argue vehemently in such a cause, and only
make a few remarks on her absurd manner of
making the parental authority supplant reason.
For everywhere does she inculcate not only
blind submission to parents, but to the opinion
of the world.*
She tells a story of a young man engaged by
his fathers express desire, to a girl of fortune.
Before the marriage could take place she is de-
prived of her fortune, and thrown friendless on
* A person is not to act in this or that way, though
convinced they are right in so doing, because some equi-
vocal circumstances may lead the world to suspect that
they acted from different motives. This is sacrificing
tiie substance for a shadow. Let people but watch their
own hearts, and act rightly as far as they can judge, and
they may patiently wait till the opinion of the world
comes round. It is best to be directed by a simple mo-
tivefor justice has too often been sacrificed to pro,
priety another word for convenience.


ev0luti0.
131
the world. The father practices the most in-
famous arts to sex>arate his son from her, and
when the son detects his villany, and, following
the dictates of honor, marries the girl, nothing
but misery ensues, because, forsooth, he married
without his fathers consent. On what ground
can religion or morality rest, when justice is
thus set at defiance ? In the same sty e she re-
presents an accomplished young woman, as
xeady to marry anybody that her mamma pleased
o recommend; and, as actually marrying the
young man of her own choice, without feeling
any emotions of passion, because that a well-
educated girl had not time to be in love. Is it
possible to have much respect for a system of
education that thus insults reason and nature ?
Many similar opinions occur in her writings,
mixed with sentiments that do honor to her head
and heart. Yet so much superstition is mixed
with her religion, and so much worldly wisdom
with her morality, thatl should not let a young
person read her works, unless I could after-
wards converse on the subjects, and point out
the contradictions.
Mrs. Chapones Letters are written with such
good sense aud unaffected humility, and con-
tain so maoy useful observations, that I only
mention them to pay the worthy writer this
tribute of respect. I cannot, it is true, always
coincide in opinion with her, but I always re-
spect her.
Tbe very word respect brings Mrs. Macaulay
to my Iemembrance. The woman of the great-
est abilities, undoubtedly, that this country has
ever produced. And yet this woman has been
suffered to die without sufficient respect being
paid to her memory.
Posterity, however, will be more just; and re-
member that Catharine Macaulay was an ex-
ample of intellectual acquirements supposed to
be incompatible with the weakness of her sex.
In her style of writing, indeed, no sex appears,
tor it is, like the sense it conveys, strong and
clear.
I will not call hers a masculine understanding,
because I admit not of such an arrogant assump-
tion of reason ; but I contend that it was a sound
one, and that her judgment, the matured fruit
of profound thinking, was a proof that a woman
-can acquire judgment, in the full extent of the
word. Possessing more penetration than saga-
city, more understanding than fancy, she wiites
with sober energy, and argumentative closeness ;
yet sympathy and benevolence give an interest
to her sentiments, and that vital heat to argu-
ments, which forces the reader to weigh them.*
When I first thought of writing these stric-
tures I anticipated Mrs. Macaulays approbation
with a little of that sanguine ardor which it has
been the business of my lile to depress; but
soon beard with the sickly qualm of disappoint-
ed hope, and t ie still seriousness of regretthat
she was no more!
Taking a view of the different works which
have been written on education, Lord Chester-
fields Letters must not he silently passed over.
Not that I mean to analyze his unmanly, im-
moral system, or oven to cull any of the
useful, shrewd remarks which occur in his
iri/olous correspondenceNo, I only mean to
make a few reflections on the avowed tendency
of themthe art of acquiring an early know-
ledge of the world. An art, I will venture to
asssert, that preys secretly, like the worm in the
* Coinciding in opinion with Mrs. Macaulay relative to
many branches of education, I refer to her valuable
work, instead of quoting her sentiments to support my
own.
81it
bud, on the expanding powers, and turns to
poison the generous juices which should mount
with vigor in the youthful frame, inspiring warm
affections and great resolves..
For everything, saith the wise man, there is
a eason; and who would look for the fruits of
autumn during the genial months of spring?
But this is mere declamation, and I mean to
reason with those worldly wise instructors,
who, instead oi cultivating the judgment, instil
prejudices, and render hard the heart that gra-
dual experience would only have cooled. An
early acquaintance with human infirmities ; or,
what is termed knowledge of the world, is the
surest way, in my opinion, to contract the heart
and damp the natural, youthful ardor which pro-
duces not only great talents, but great virtues.
For the vain attempt to bring forth the fruit of
experience, before the sapling has thrown out
its leaves, only exhausts its strength, and pre-
vents its assuming a natural form ; just as the
form and strength of subsiding metals are in-
jured when the attraction of cohesion is dis-
turbed.
Tell me, ye who have studied the human
mind, is it not a strange way to fix principles
by showing young people that they are seldom
stable ? And how can they be fortified by habits
when they are proved to be fallacious by ex-
ample ? Why is the ardor of youth thus to be
damped, and the luxuriancy of fancy cut to the
quick ? This dry caution may, it is true, guard
a character from worldly mischances ; but will
infallibly preclude excellence in either virtue or
knowledge. The stumbling block thrown across
every path by suspicion, will prevent any vigor-
ous exertions of genius or benevolence, and life
will be stripped of its most alluring charm long
before its calm evening, when man should re-
tire to contemplation for comfort and support.
A young man who has been bred up with do-
mestic friends, and led to store his mind with
as much speculative knowledge as can be ac-
quired by reading the natural reflections which
yoiithful ebullitions of animal spirits and instinc-
tive feelings inspire, will enter the world with
warm and erroneous expectat ons. But this ap-
pears to be the course of nature ; and in morals,
as well as in works of taste, we should be obser-
vant of her sacred indications, and not presume
to lea l when we ought obsequiously to follow.
In the world few people act from principle ;
present feelings and early habits are the grand
springs: but how would the former be dead-
ened and the latter rendered iron corroding
fetters, if the world were shown to young peo-
ple just as it is ; when no knowledge of man-
kind or their own hearts, slowly obtained by ex-
perience rendered them forbearing? Their
fellow* creatures would not then be viewed a6
frail beings tike themselves, condemned to
struggle with human infirmities, and sometimes
displaying the light and sometimes the dark
side of their character ; extorting alternate feel-
ings of love and disgust; but guarded against
as beasts of prey, till every enlarged social feel-
ing; in a word- -humanity was eradicated.
In life, on the contrary, as we gradually dis-
cover the imperfections oi our nature, we dis-
cover virtues, and various circumstances attach
us to our fellow-creatures, when we mix with
them, and view the same objects, that are never
thought of in acquiring a hasty, unnatural
knowledge of the world. We see a folly swell
into a vice, by almost imperceptible degrees,
and pity while we blame ; but, if the hideous
monster burst suddenly on our sight, fear
and disgust rendering ns more severe than man
ought to be, might lead us with blind zeal to
usurp the character of omnipotence, and de-
nounce damnation on our fellow-mortals, f ting that we cannot read the heart, and that we
have seeds of the same vices lurking in our
own.
I have already remarked that we expect more
from instruction than mere instruction can
produce; for, instead of preparing young peo-
ple to encounter the evils of life with dignity,
and to acquire wisdom and virtue by the exer-
cise of their own faculties, precepts are heaped
upon precepts, and blind obedience required,
when conviction should be brought home to
reason.
Suppose, for instance, that a young person in
the first ardor of friendship deifies the beloved
objectwhat harm can arise from this mistaken $
enthusiastic attachment ? Perhaps it is neces-
sary for virtue first to appear in a human form
to impress youthful hearts ; the ideal model,
which a more matured and exalted mind looks
up to, and shapes for itself, would elude their
sight. He who loves not his brother whom he
hath seen, how can he love God? asked the
wisest of meu.
It is natural for youth to adoru the first ob-
ject of its affection with every good quality, and
the emulation produced by ignorance, or, to
speak with more propriety, by inexperience,
brings forward the mind capable of forming
such an affection, and when, in the lapse of
time, perfection is found not to be within the
reach of mortals, virtue, abstractly, is thought
beautiful, and wisdom sublime. Admiration
then gives place to friendship, properly so called,
because it is cemented by esteem ; and the being
walks alone only dependent on heaven for that
emulous panting after perfection which ever
glows in a noble mind. But this knowledge a
man must gain by the exertion of his own facul-
ties ; and this is surely the blessed fruit of dis-
appointed hope! for Ho who delighteth to dif-
fuse happiness and show mercy to the weak
creatures, who are learning to know him, never
implanted a good propensity to be a tormenting
ign is latuus.
{To be Continued.)
THE WOMEN OF 7HE DAY.
From Harpers Bazaar.
An able English writer in SL Paul's makes the
following sensible rejoinder to the stinging
diatribes against women which have of late
seemed tbe special mission of the London
Saturday Review, particularly the Girl of the
Period.
The womeu ol'our day are not the counter-
parts of their mothers. Times have changed
and women have changed with them. The old
conception which prevailed till the last genera-
tion, that when a woman had married young,
had kept her home in good order, had reared a
family of children, and had lived in harmony
with her husband, she had fulfilled the whole
aim and object aud purport of her existence, is
dying out of fashion. Our women know more,
read more, thick more than they did in the
good old days; and we cannot reasonably ex-
pect that they should be contented with tbe
same narrow round of pleasures and duties. It
always seems to me that these laudatores
temporis acti, are eng iged in solving the in-
soluble problem of how to eat your cake and
have it. If you are to have women who are fit
to share the thoughts, desires and aspirations
of men in a high degree of culture, you cannot
also have women who cumulate the functions
o nurse, housekeeper and cook. Notwithstand-


132
ftt *§*u0luti0tt.
ing the fashion for co-operative stores, the prin-
ciple of the division of labor is the ruling one
oi our day. In virtue of that principle we have
to a great extent exempted women from house-
hold and menial cares; and by so doing we
have secured a degree of culture and refinement
not compatible, I think, with any very active
interference in domestic matters. I often wish
that the wiseacres who repeat the parrot cry
about the happy time when ladies cooked their
own dinners, and mended their own clothes,
and did their own marketing, could know some-
thing of the family life of countries where wo-
men still perform the duties I see urged so elo-
quently upon their attention. In the north of
Europe the wife is still the good woman of
the house. There the ladies cook the dinners
with their own hands, wait at dinner to a con-
siderable degree, pass no small part of their
time in the kitchen and the store room, and
even lend a hand at the washtub. I do not dis-
pute the fact that if you wish your women-kind
to be only a superior description of upper ser-
vants, you had better seek for them in these
patriarchal climes. But even the courage of a
Saturday Reviewer would shrink from the idea
of marrying or living with these brave house-
wives. As a rule, I am afraid you must say
that the excellence of women as housekeepers
is in inverse proportion to their excellence as
intellectual companions. I do not say that a
clever educated woman may not keep her house
comfortable, and her household in good order,
and bring up her children excellently. Intel-
ligence and organization will supply the place
of personal labor and constant supervision. But
I do say, that, if the nursery and the kitchen
and the laundry are to be considered the pro-
per sphere for the exercise of womans energies,
it is idle to imagine they can also he ideal com-
panions of the drawing room and the study.
Persons in the habit of reading the advertising
columns of the daily papers must be aware that
there are two classes of advertisements emanat-
ing from ladies who desire to fill the position of
housekeeper to a single gentleman or widower.
The advertisers of the one class describe them-
selves as domesticated and fond of cooking ;
the other base their pretensions on being musi-
cal and agreeable companions. The distinction
thus drawn appears to me representative of
modem womanhoodto apply to wives equally
with housekeepers.
Common honesty compels me to confess
that I believe women were created for other ob-
jects than bearing children, and that I doubt
whether, when a woman has married a husband
and made his home comfortable, she has done
all which God or man have a right to expect of
her. But my wish is now to treat the subject
from a purely masculine stand point. Looking
at the great woman question from the male
point of view, I hold that we are unreasonable
in expecting that English ladies should unite
the inconsistent merits of the intellectual com-
panion and the bustling housekeeper.
If I am right in this opinion it is idle to
imagine that this transition period, during
which women are emerging, as a class, from the
kitchen and store-room into the study -and
library, will not be attended with a great
amount of extravagance and absurdity. And
this phase will, undoubtedly, afford good scope
for small social satire of the ordinary Saturday
Review calibre. There is room for any num-
ber of pretty, twaddling essays about sesthetic
women, pushing women, little and big women,
papal women, women in orders, and so on,
I should wish that the critic whose utter-
ances I have criticised in turn might tell us
whether he really meant to accuse the women
of our day of anything more than vanity or
folly. If not, he ranks at once amidst that great
class of writers who, from time to time, have
sharpened their wits upon the foibles of the
female sex. But if he meant more than this
if he understood the purport which his words
conveyedif he intended to imply that Eng-
lish women were immodest, heartless and vic-
ious, I deem him to have uttered a very foul and
base libel, which it behooves men, even more
than women, to protest against very loudly. It
would, indeed, be an evil day for England if the
time should ever come when our countrywomen
should be spoken of habitually in the terms
which the Saturday Reviewer has thought him-
self justified in applying to them. When such
language has been used, it ought not to be
passed over in silence. Women can always hold
their own in the contest with their critics. If
every English newspaper were to go on writing
articles about the extravagance of female attire
from now to the end of the year they would not
lessen by a single item the milliners bills which
will come due next Christmas. But the case
becomes different when the attack is levelled,
not against fashions, but against reputations.
And it argues ill for the condition of a country
when men hear the women who are'near and
deal' to them libelled without resentiug the in-
sult. It is for that reason I have entered this
protest of mine.
LI1TLE WOMEN.
George Augustus Bala celebrates Little
Women generally, and three little women par-
ticularly, in the Belgravia; describing the Gari-
baldian army of 1866 :
We had but a few, it is true ; but their courage and
devotion were tremendous. They were full of pluck and
go. They trudged the very boots off their little feet,
and then philosophically swathed those memberswhich
I have heard in domestic circles called by the playful
name of tootsies with haybands, or with scraps of
matting, and trudged on as doggedly as before. When
they could catch: a pony, they rode him en cavalier, as
English ladies rode before Bohemian Anne was Queen,
providing themselves with Knickerbockers, after the sen-
sible fashion introduced by the Unprotected Females in
Norway. Our Little Women were by no means unpro-
tected. The three I especially noticed were all married;
and besides, were not all Garibaldis thirty-six thousand
red-shirts their protectors? Blood would have flowed
had the slightest rudeness or even discourtesy been
shown to these intrepid little Amazons. They never
murmured, never grumbled, never repined, never de-
clared that they were not accustomed to this kind of
thing. They were all female Robinson Crusoesjust
the kind of little women who should have colonized Mr.
Charles Readcs Islandor is it Mr. Lion Boucicaults ?
in Foul Play/ If there was nothing but salt horse and
weevily biscuit to eat. they fed and were thankful. I
managed to procure about au ounce and a half of tea for
one of these Little Women at Sala, on the Lago di Garda,
which tea cost me five francs ; and although more than
half the compound seemed to be thyme, vervain, scam,
mony, rue, and chopped birch-twigs, we made a famous
brew, in a red earthen pipkin, covered with a sardine-
box to keep the flavor in, and enjoyed ourselves Im-
mensely. When and where the Little Ones attended to
the duties of the toilette, was a mystery ; but they al-
ways looked fresh and tidy and clean, when we men were
dusty and ragged, and as grubby as chimney-sweeps.
Perhaps they hung up a water-proof sheet in front of a
cascade, while we were taking our midnight pipe and
siesta, and converted that cool grot into a cabinet de toilette.
They had an inexhaustible fund of spirits, and were the
life and soul of the army. These three Little Women
were all ladies; two of them were English ; and I am not
justified further to particularize their achievements so
as io make their identity easy. Thoir names, once men-
tioned, would be recognized as household words to
thousands of English ears. But thus much I may with-
out indiscretion record: that, after the battle of Bazecca,
the closing engagement of the campaign, the church was
full of wounded Garlbaldlni, who lay there for four hours
without the slightest medical attendance. The doctors
had not come to the front ; the ambulances were not
forthcoming ; the medicine-chests had been mislaid;
the surgical instruments could not be foundj there was
not even so much as a bandage or a tourniquet to be ob-
tained. I know that one of these Little Womenan
English lady of wealth, refinement and position
marohed into the midst of these human shambles, where
the poor Garibaldini lay on the bare pavement, many of
them bleeding to death, and did then and there tear up
every rag of linen she had on her body, down to her very
shiftpardon me, madame, for using that vulgar word :
the genteel term is, I know, a chemise ; but in Lady
Worfcley Montagues time the innermost garment of a
lady was called a smockconvert these needments into
bandages, and bind up the wounds of those who were
most sorely hurt. The blood and muck in that church
it was midsummer, mind youcould haVe been equalled
only by Cawnpore. And then the Little Woman, with
nothing but a stuff skirt and a woollen shawl to cover
hershe had absolutely and literally nothing elsewent
round the village, from door to door, begging for more
linen.
10BACC0 AND THE PRESIDENCY.
The fearful effects of the excessive use of to-
bacco are powerfully set forth in a protest of
the National Anti-Tobacco League against the
election of Gen. Grant to the presidency, re-
cently issued to the people of the United States.
It adds to the weight of the document that the
signers to it are radical republicans; the
party and its principles commanding (they say)
our warmest support.* We append only ex-
tracts :
We dismiss the evidence for or against Gen Grants
being an actual drunkard. But that he is treadiug the
path that leads to a grave cannot be denied. We have
considered the effect of smoking on the mind. The
effect of smoking on the system opens even wider fields
of apprehension.
Tobacco is at once a substitute for mid au incentive
to intoxicating drinks. Men smoke for the same reason
that makes men drink. They want either the extinction
or the quickening of their powers of mind and body. In
either case, and to obtain either end, an abnormal ap-
petite is at first created and then encouraged. Tue
direct results tobacco works on the body are easily
stated. It dries up the glands. The throat and the
stomach are parched, heated, inflamed. The internal
organs sutler in the same way. The pulmonary pas-
sages are literally cured, as are the hams in a smoke
house. They contract their tissues. Air cannot freely
reach the lungs ; carbon cannot freely come out of them.
Hie breathing becomes thoracic and oppressed. The
lungs become diseased. Their substance rots. This is
consumption, a complaint which killed 1,987 men in
New York alone last year, in each case, within thin num-
ber, medically stated to have been accelerated, if not
produced by the excessive use of tobacco.
It was necessary to recapitulate briefly these fatal
facts iu order to understand fully the tendency smok-
ing has to drive men to rum. The glands dried up, the
system run down, every nerve on a tension, the brain
confused and incapable of continued or clear exercise,
the body craves a stimulation its own exhausted powers
cannot give. Nothing is thrown off by the glands when
they are burnt out. Rum imparts, as it were, a capa-
city to stimulate saliva and the other discharges. Rum
is resorted to almost inevitably. We have taken some
pains to fortify this position with facts. The facts are
as follows. Of the patients in the appended asylums
under treatment for confirmed inebriation resulting
iu insanity, the number who preceded whiskey by to-
bacco smoking is:
Asylums.
Bloomingdale, out of 100........................87
Flatbush, out of 64............................ 49
Trenton, out of 66..............................48
Columbus, 0., out of 74........................ 63
The statistics might be still more startlingly extend-
ed, if the number of drunkards who do not enter asy-
lums would give truthful answer to their own career.
Doubtless in nine cases out of eleven, could the whole
fact be discovered, it would appear that their systems


133
8fc*e§tV0lttt!iii7! -
were actually prepared for the destroyer that casts both
body and soul into hell.
Iu this army of destined inebriates, i f not is the vas t-
er column of confirmed drunkards, Grant is travelling
with a rapidity that distances all competition. Tbe
springs of his system have been literally burnt out by
smoking. He is a man of no pleasures or force within
himself. His highest aspirations go no further than
pups, horses and cigars. On this gross plane, it were
the naturallesfc thing in the world for him to add to his
primitive resources the entirely kindred element of
rum. For a smoker and a jookey and a dog-fancier to
take up with the bottle would he the most logical se-
quence to be expected. Added to the slavery under which
smoking puts Grant, added to the sympathy in wbich it
places his system with drunkenness, is the fact that in
the past, at least, he has been a drunkard of uncommon
offensiveness. It is certain that he tippled in Mexico.
It is certain that Gen. Harney had to cast him off for
this very habit. It is certain that he could marry Miss
Dent only by pledging to ber father that be would be a
sober man. Still this is not our fundamental objection.
We go behind it and arraign the habit tbat leads to it.
Tobacco pioneers the drunkard to his fate and lights
him down.
Our objections have only hinged on vital points. Tbat
smoking is vile in its effects on the person, tbat it is
the very quintesence of filth itself, and in its effects has
not claimed our attention. We have demonstrated that
smoking directly tends to make a man an imbecile in
mind, and a drunkard in habit; tbat it proves a man
tbe slave of a most foul and degrading practice.
In tbe face of these facts, and of the graver proba-
bilities that are grafted on them, we are not prepared to
help band over to Grant tile complex destinies of this
Executive government for four years, nor for four hours.
How any man who disapproves of mental sevility,
moral imbecility, and personal drunkenness can sup-
port tbe candidate of the republican party, we are at a
loss to determine. We speak as republicans, not as
democrats. The party and its principles command our
warmest sympathy aud support, but under a smoker,
and a possible, if not an actual drunkatd, we would not
march to the battle,
(Signed), John March,
Silas N. Kelso,
I. W. Waltham,
J. Halstead Carr,
Cary A. Cbossinger,
Kirtley Roberts,
A. J. Dallas,
In behalf of the National Anti-Tobacco League.
New York, June 12, 1868.
SPIRITUAL PHILOSOPHY.
BY MBS. M. E. G. GAGE.
As a fundamental proposition, I assert that
woman, in a typically representative view, is
superior to man.
The will and the understanding are tbe in-
terior principles of the human being. Of these
the inmost interior, or will,the soul principle,
from which all actions derive life and come into
being, has woman as its type. The will and the
true moral life are one. From this vital princi-
ple the understanding has its quality. The un-
derstanding has man as its type, and by virtue
of its exterior position is more quickly recog-
nized by the superficial observer than the will.
For the same cause, clothes catch the eye first,
aud are by weak persons the one thing respected.
The understanding and the mental life are one.
The will is the soul principle; the under-
standing the body principle. In actual life
woman corresponds to the soul; man corre-
sponds to the body.
Three ruling elements have prevailed in the
world, more distinctive in their characteristics
than those of any geological epoch. They may
be called force, cunning and truth. The age
of force is the age of bodily slavery. The age
of cunning is the age of spiritual slavery. The
age of truth is the age of freedom. Absolute
truth not only destroys bodily slavery, but
breaks assunder all bonds that imprison men's
minds and souls. First to manifest itself was
mental freedom,breaking away from old cus-
toms of thought. Still, men's wills were en-
chained. The w.ell known and apt-quoted
Galileos recantation is an example. The un-
derstanding, as sho.vn by science, walked before
the will, or individual freedom was recognized.
The bonds of force are never so strong or so
deftly woven as those of cunning. Science made
rapid progvess before the worth of the individual
began to be recognized. Even now, power
crushes all free aspiration where it can. Not
only in social life, in political life, but most ter-
ribly in religious life. Ordinary men are every-
where, and especially in monarchical countries,
and under spiritual despotisms, termed the
common herd, the masses, and are looked
upon as a sea, whose bounds are set to go
thus far and no farther.
In the age of truth men question authority,
and accept no belief, social, political, or reli-
gious, unless upon proof. Church and state here
fall apart.
A certain kind of unity prevails through these
ages, as positive in its form as that which pre-
vails through a geological epoch ; and also like
geological epochs these periods in the worlds
history need to be looked upon from two points
of view, for, like them, they bear one general
character throughout; yet they are in their vari-
ations and gradual changes but progressive
steps in the worlds history. The world has not
yet reached its acme. Physical power is the
prior; belongs distinctively to the period of
force, and precedes the domain of intellect and
morals. This is the rule of muscle ; the physi-
cally strong over the physically weak. The
Samsons with hands on pillars overthrow and
crush all in their power.
Mental power is the secondary, but there
comes a rime when the moral element rules. Ex-
perience in the race ascends. There has been
a regular sequence in human development,
which has. occasionally received a sudden im-
petus from some extraordinary or out-of-the-
way event, that has sent an individual or a
nation, and through them, the race, far ahead.
These changes (still carrying out the geological
comparison) may be termed eras. Prominent
among them during the epoch of force are war-
riors, and the decisive battles of tbe world,
Arbela and S&Iamis, Joan of Arc, Waterloo, and
Gettysburg.
There came a day when intellect began to rule,
and then the understanding enabled cunning to
outwit force. The individual or nation with the
large brain and weak body conquered or super-
ceded the individual or nation of strong body
.and less intellect. This was a step in advance
for the world, and yet but a step. Superior to
force and cunning, exists an element of power
or control, known as truth or the right. While
force rules, and during the era of cunning, little
heed is paid to this principle.
To avoid being misunderstood, I will here say,
that these three epochs of force, cunning and
truth, though distinct in their nature are not
discrete periods but continuous and intermin-
gling, yet one has at times prevailed so much
above the others as to make its epoch plainly
marked.
During the epoch of cunning, various forms
of religious tyranny hold sway. Caste, here, is
the great power. India has been the point of
attraction to mens gaze, but no more justly
than should have been Christendom. Feudal
tenure was & system of caste ordained by cun
ning. The inquisition was its ultimate. Indul-
gences were among its bonds. The theory that
one set of men by virtue of their office, were in-
ferior to other men, universally enchained minds
during this epoch. The Reformation was an
outbreak against cunning. The discovery ofjhe
art of printing was another event which sent
men far ahead.
The' great eras in the worlds history have
been When God has revealed himself to man
anew, and enabled him to hold a different and
fuller understanding of his relations to his
Creator. It has been at these eras that moral
progress has taken a sudden leap forward.
Abraham and Moses, and the advent of Christ,
and the illumination of Swedenborg have been
great tidal waves which loosened men from
the grasp of force and cunning, and opened
truth to their view.
As woman is the type of the will, so her con-
dition in life through past ages, the way she has
been regarded spiritually, intellectually, morally
and physically, has answered to the common
idea of the will. Back of the external thoughts
lie the motives of life, the innate tendency. This
is with many persons a hidden or unconscious
will, although it governs the whole thought and
action of mankind.
The will power has always been a mystery.
Divines have written, and philosophers ex-
plained, and still tbe world has avowed its ig-
norance upon it. Ages ago men settled on their
belief as to the understanding. The understand-
ing has been defied. Daniel Webster was blas-
phemously known as the god-like. The will has
been misunderstood, and thence misrepre-
sented ; thus with woman.
Arguments against Phrenology have been ad-
duced from the fact, that as we descend in the
scale of animal life, the front of the head, or
organs of intellect, retain their prominence,
while the back, or what'is called the region of
the propensities, rapidly decreases. This is
because the intellectual, reasoning, or under-
standing faculties are not ike highest faculties.
This superior position is held by the will, inten-
tions or motives in man; the desires in beasts.
The animal of few desires is inferior to the one
of many.
Infidels have drawn arguments against a
future state of existence for man, from illustra-
tions of the intellect possessed by beasts, i. e.,
from their reason.
While one class of philosophers have stren-
uously claimed that animals were governed
solely by instinct, this other class have brought
up instance after instance, showing the exer-
cise of reasoning faculties, and these not only in
regard to what are termed the superior animals,
but also in regard to the inferior animals.
But an angry beast does not refrain from kick-
ing or biting, because told it is wrong to do so.
A whip or a wisp of hay are the motives they
comprehend. A beast understands the rewards
and punishments of the present life,not of the
future one. He is in fact a beast from lack of
the will power. He has no soul.
Albion College, Michigan, is intended
equally for young men and women, and has two
female professors, Miss Rachel Carney, M.S.,
Professor of Modem Languages, and Miss
Sallie A. Rulison, M.A.S., Professor of mathe-
matics. The President is George B. Jocelyn.
At the recent anniversary of the College, Rev.
Mi*. Cocker preached the annual sermon before
the graduating class. President Abbott of the
Agricultural College delivered an address before
the Calliopean Society. His theme was
Calliope. Miss A. C. Rogers, the Princi-
pal, delivered the annual address of the class.


134
FOETICIDE AND INFANTICIDE.
The frightful and increasing extent of the
crime of Restellism, is full warrant for honest,
earliest protest against it, from whatever quar-
ter. The following is entitled to be so con-
' sidered:
Editors of the Revolution:
Fob the last twelve years I have been an in-
vestigator, and lor the last nine or ten a firm
believer in spirit communion ("strike but
read). In January, 1862, I visited, in com*
pany with a gentleman of high character, a Mi6s
Irish, at that time a well-known medium who
lived at 67 West Thirty-second street, New
York. We were entirely unknown to eftch
other. What purported to be the spirit of a
daughter was presented to me. As a test I
asked her name. A different one was given
from that of the only daughter I supposed I had
in spirit life, and who was accustomed to visit
me in spirit almost every time I came into the
presence of spirit mediums. Supposing it
to be some trifling or deceptive spirit, I with-
drew from the table and asked my friend to
take my place, which he did. His spirit friends,
however, declined communicating, and I again
took my seat at the table. A new idea occurred
to me. I asked for a test, and my Christian,
middle and sirname were correctly given in full,
together with the maiden name of my deceased
wife. In reply to my query, the spirit said
there were two other spirits like itself present,
both boys. On the spirit manifesting affection,
I said that if I could be sure she was really my
daughter, I felt that I could return her love.
Immediately the following sentence was rapped
out by the. alphabet: Do you love me as well
as Gertrude and the rest at home? naming cor-
rectly the only daughter I then had at home, a
distance of some two hundred miles.
A day or two after this, I called again on Miss
Irish and sat with her alone, when the spirit of
my deceased mother came and told me, in an-
swer to my queries, that the foregoing commu-
nication was true. I then asked the ages of the
three children who had passed from earth pre-
maturely. She indicated by figures 15, 13 and
10 years. I asked why these children had nob
come to me before through other mediums.
She answered in these words : We could not
impress the idea upon them, as they were pre-
mature births, and your wile said it was better
for you to see them with her first, and if you
had looked when you saw little Robinson you
would have seen the other two standing near>
now they will come to you equally with your
other daughter. I asked what was meant by
this, and was answered, Your wife said you
recognized her in a dream vision, but I do not
know anything farther. I remarked that such
things were hard to believe. It was answered,
Yes, it can be but belief to you, but it is reality
to me. Realities are nob hard to you, neither are
they to me, but our realities differ. We recog-
nize the law of reproduction, that cannot be
thrown aside with its responsibilities, attrac-
tions and loves; and those spirits, whose mater-
nal love has never been satisfied, take them as
the mother would have done, and remain con-
stantly near the earth mother with their adopted
charge, until the natural period of parturition,
when the foundation of the mind is built, after
which the spirit guardian takes the responsi-
bility of developing it.
I asked if my wife had assumed charge of
these children. It was answered, Yes, she
has, and often other mothers do, but as often
Sfc* lUvtflttUsn.
not, for that depends upon the law of attrac-
tion, as it is developed in the child towards the
earth mother. I asked if my wife was not
greatly surprised at meeting these immature
children in the spirit world. The answer came,
Yes, but not so much so as if she had mur-
dered them. 1 said this revelation opens a
fearful chapter in spirit life, ior those who have
been guilty of aiding in abortion ? The reply
came, Mothers think so, when they meet
little murdered ones here. That recognition
; becomes their punishment, and a terrible one,
too ; but no more than the crime for which they
suffer deserves. I asked how it wa9 that my
wife showed herself to me in the vision spoken
of? It was answered, She says she held him
in her arms as a nursing child.
This was the spirit revelationnow for the
earth facts bearing upon it. Some few weeks
before this, I had, in a dream, a vivid view of a
female form resembling my deceased wife, hold-
ing a nursing child in her arms. My youngest
child at that time was about nine years of age.
A year or so previous to his birth, his mother
lost an immature male child, thus agreeing in
age and sex with the one purporting, to be in
spirit life. Two others, I knew, had been lost
in a similar way, but uken I did not remember,,
nor had I any means of ascertaining, until I re-
turned home, when I found, by reference to a
memorandum made at the time, that the acci-
dent that caused the miscarriage occurred iu
September, 1846, thus verifying the revelation..
The other child named, I had no means of as-
certaining, further than that I knew it was the
second one lost about a year or two after the
first, in a very early stage of conception.
Since then, these immatured children have
often been presented to me through various me-
diums by my spirit wife, and other friends in
many localities, wide apart, who could not, by
any possibility, have known anything of the
circumstances that have transpired on earth in
relation to them. Of their continued existence
1 have no doubt whatevernor have I any that
there are myriads like them in the spirit realms,
that have been deprived of their earth lives by
accident or design.
Now, spirits uniformly teach that God has
done all things well'that this earth is de-
signed as a sphere in which man should be edu-
cated in the rudiments of goodness, knowledge
and wisdom, and that the joys and sorrows, the
weaknesses, imperfections and varied trials and
experiences of this life are all essential to his
individualization and development, and fuller
enjoyment of the endless life to come. If this
is so (which for one I have no doubt of), how
far greater is the injury inflicted on an immortal,
fellow-creature by cutting short his earth exist-
ence in infancy than it is to deprive one of life
who has nearly, or even but partially lived his
allotted time on earth! When men acquire a
fuller knowledge of their destiny and the laws
of their being, our lawmakers will, no doubt,
so'consider it, and the wilful taking the life of
even* an unborn infant be held to be a crime of
as great or greater magnitude than the murder
of a full grown man.
Thomas R. Hazard.
Vancluse, R. L, Aug. 9fch, 1868.
What Can Be Done.All things are possi-
ble witha resolute woman. The Western
papers say a lady in Red Wing, Minnesota, be-
came disgusted at the inefficiency of the carpen-
ters who were building her house, discharged
them, and has nearly finished the work herself. |
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
a woman saves heb life by swimming half an
HOUR ON HEB BACK WHILE TWO MEN SINE.
SEBENO howeism and restellism can only be
UPROOTED BY MART WOLLSTONECBAFTISM.THE
NEW BACE OF AMERICANS IN NEW AMERICA.
SHOULD GENIUS EVER WED ?
Dublin, Four Courts Mabshalsea, (
August 1*2, 1868. )
Dear Revolution : All the world is a Revo-
lution and all the editors therein are waking up
i to the slavery of woman. The mills of God
grind slowly, but grind exceedingly fine.
WOMEN HAVE NO BBAINS FOB POLITICS, BUT THEY
ENOW HOW TO SWIM.
The Revolution should teach all the gills
how to swim, fence, drill, play base ball, waik,
shoot guns, and kick foot ball Never mind
the in-door gymnastics, but take exercise in the
' open air.
A Major of the Confederate Army Drowned.
There has been an unusually large number of boat
; accidents on the Clyde this season. A Greenock paper
of last evening reports a case in which Major Morgan,
of the late Confederate army, and a Mr. Tweedie, of
London, were drowned. The accident occurred in the
B.iv of Millport, Isle of Cumbrae. A Glasgow lady, Miss
Brown, who was one of the party, kept herself afloat for
half an hour by swimming on her back, and was res-
cued.
When I saw how this woman saved her life I
thought she ought to have a vote. It reminded
me of E. C. S.s Bullet story and the Head
of the Family. Dr. Hosmer saved his daugh-
ter's life by keeping her in the open air and
making her practice the games of hoys. When
she was at Mrs. Sedgewicks school at Lenox,
Milly Fillmore, as they called the Presidents
daughter, and Hattie Hosmer and Carrie Train
used to romp the fieldsfishing, hunting and
climbing trees for crows nests. Fanny Kemble
Butler will remember these days twenty years
ago.
GENIUS SHOULD NEVER MARRY unless' IT WED A
PRIESTESS OF THE SACBED FERE.
Man wills. Woman loves. Mans affections
are earthward, womans heavenward. Man de-
teriorates, woman aspires. All great men are
badly matedall great women have a skeleton
in their houses. A noble mind and generous
nature married to a woman of narrow forehead
dwarfs into mediocrity. Tennyson sings an eter-
nal truth :
As the wife is, so the husbandhe will sink down day
by day,
What is fine within him growing coarse, to sympathize
with clay.
That ocean nymph Undine was a mythical
goddess, yet men seek the world over for Un-
dines. She was beautiful but she had no soul;
she was lovely but she had no brains. Those
are the women who, to preserve their beauty
practice Restellism. Oh! that they would re-
member the fate of Thblka, the Swedish bride,
described by Sperenza.
LET US BREED A SUPERIOR ORDER OF MEN AND
WOMEN.
Let us commence the world anew. Let cart-
horses breed with cart-horses, and let race-
horses beget race-horses. Blood will tell. Let
The Revolution point the way. Let twenty-
one inch heads marry twenty-two inch heads.
But let twenty-three and four inch heads wed
their own order. The world is ruled by twenty-
three inch heads. Blood will tell in breed.
Let narrow foreheads herd with narrow fore-
heads," and men of intellect marry the women
of The Revolution '* type, and build up a su


135

perior race of humanity. For Besiellism is sap-
ping away the life-blood of our race and nation.
Remember the fate of Thekla, the Swedish
maiden. The weird fiend told her to preserve
her beauty by Restellism, but her happiness
was no more forever. How eloquently an Irish
poetess has painted that terrible picture of
crimethe great American sin of Restellism.
New England is paved with infant's skulls.
Nothing can save our Protestant population but
the intermarriage of the German and the Irish
Catholics. Irish women never murder their chil-
dren.
SEEENO HOWEISM MUST BE BOOTED OUT OF NEW
ENGLAND BY THE NEW BAOE OF MEN.
This terrible crime that sunk Sodom must be
eradicated from our soil. It has penetrated our
chambers, our legislative halls and our schools,
and, marching side by side with Restellism,
Delirium Tremens and the sins of Onan, it is
making a living hell of the homes of the Puritans.
The clergyman's son is usually the worst boy in
the village, and the clergyman's daughter is sure
to know all about the strange practices of the
French. Sixteen hundred divorces in the Old
Divorce State, in twelve months, and as many
thousand victims of Restellism. Ask Dr. Eddy
for the sickning statistics. Why is all this ? Be-
cause the women of the land are slaves. They
have no power in making the laws, and instead of
being the companions and friends of men, they are
only their mistresses or their wives. When Mary
Wollstonecraftism begins to take root on Ameri-
can soil, The Revolution will be hailed as
the Salvator of a great people.
As we improve the strawberry, the peach and
the pear by grafting or by breeding, so let us
build up a noble race of Americans, and call
them
THE CHILDREN OF THE NEW REPUBLIC.
Let us teach the mothers that drinking Bour-
bon makes drunkards of the children that
manage to escape the poisons of Restellism.
Let us educate the educators. We must teach
the doctors, and cultivate the sterile intellects of
the clergy. A fungus growth of lawyers has
fastened on our statesmanship, corrupting the
life-blood of the nation, while the family cler-
gyman debauches our minds with his doctrinal
platitudes, and the family doctor poisons our
bodies with his compounds of ignorance and
stupidity. Hence the two grand questions that
stimulate thought, politics and religion are ta-
booed at the family hearthstone, and our citi-
zenship is debased by Restellism: and Delirium
Tremens. Temperance men are made to vote
for whiskey candidates, and from the pestilent
atmosphere of Congress good men and true
blushingly retire. Let us have a party based on
morality and the principles of The Revolu-
tion. George Francis Train.
extract private letter from me. train. .
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, Aug. 12.
Dear P. P.: * Thanks for three letters
full of points, ideas, facts. Emersonian writing
is so rare, Mortality of Nations thought is
so scarce, you must pardon me for publishing
extracts of your letters in Anglo-American Times,
a London organ, that quotes and appreciates
The Revolution. The Sun, London, an old
Tory journal, copies two columns and a half
from the A. A. T., containing my political letter
on Democratic Convention, where I quote
S. B. A. and P. P. on the downfall of Dema-
gogues. How gratifying it must be to you to
feel that you are doing God's service, in stimu-
la ting wholesome reflection and elevating, citi
zenship! You and your fellow-workers deserve
success. Forsaken by old friends, the edu-
cated franchise idea is surrounded by new and
earnest workersand honest too. I am aston-
ished at your large roll of subscribers, and yet I
bad faith in our people preferring virtue to vice,
statesmanship to demagogueism. Most journals
commence with hundreds. You with thousands.
* * It is very generous for you to say so
many kind words of me, but never stop to de-
fend me. My motives are honest. What matter
if they are misunderstood? As sure as light and
heat follow the sun, woman will be emancipated
through The Revolution. Our friend,
Stuart Mill, will be thrown out of Parliament,
and the Tories will beat Gladstone out of the
field with his own game. Disraeli is still Vivian
Grey. He will crush the aristocracy between the
monarch and the mob. Has not a Jew feelings,
etc. He already owns the Queen, Prince of Wales
and Royal family, and uses his own party that
hates him. He can lie, cheat, steal, and doit all
by the grace of God, and be praised for it by the
church. Some day he will be Dictator, President,
Robespierre. * * Bancroft's treaty and
Bank's naturalization bill are an insult to
every German and Irish-American in the land.
Do the adopted citizens not see that they
are sold ont ? We had more rights in the law of
1802. Conness in Senate and Robinson in
House, are true Americans. But Sumner was
bom and lives in England. Grant and Seymour
have ninety days to look at each other. Congress
over. Conventions up. No startling questions
on hand. Those ninety days are ninety weeks.
A new party will rise, based on the rights of the
people. Both conventions, as you say, are con-
ventions of the politicians. Yet the constitution
says, we, the people. Seymours habits and moral
character are better than Grants, and in manners
he is a gentleman ; but I cannot support an Ala-
bama bondholding platform, or see the Fenians
made to vote to wear English clothes. Gives us anew
party on The Revolution platform. Why
not hoist the flag in the interests of labor and
the people ? Were I to introduce the two candi-
dates now up, I would say, Ulysses, lei me intro-
duce you to Horatio. You have only to know each
other as I know you, to be mutually disgusted.
* * What a remarkable change of base
P. P. is everywhere. W. P. nowhere. The
Revolution in all mouths. The Standard no-
body sees. So you have been fortunate in not
having been noticed in your old Anti-Slavery
pulpit. S. B. A. will get her one hundred thou
sand subscribers at the rate you move on, sooner
than she could have expected. E. C. S. preaches
with additional force every week, and your
finance editors are creating a great furore
among the men of money. The MaryWoll
stoneoraffc writings are worth the price of the
paperand Eleanor Kirks terrible truths
must startle because they are truths. *
You remember I was hissed on the Liverpool
Exchange. The same confederate bondholders
cheered Jeff. Davis. Read this from the London
Standard:
It is the chief of the Southern armies, the head of the
Southern people, the statesman whose wisdom, skill and
tenaeioue courage we learnt during that arduous strug-
gle to appreciate and admirethe suffering prisoner of
Fortress Monroe, the exiled patriot, who was so heartily
cheered on the quay at Liverpool, and will be cheered
with equal heartiness wherever he appears before a crowd
of Englishmen.
That shows the real feeling of England
toward America. They hate us, and tried
to destroy us. With this I send you an article
that will pierce through and through their thick
hide of arrogance and egotism. Day by day I
am^destroying Englands prestige. Have you
never seen a bully in a country village slapped
in the face by some neighboring stripling. From
that day he has lost caste. I am doing the same
for England. All Ireland cheers every blow.
Spanish, French, German, mid Italian journals
copy and applaud. 1 talk to two hemispheres,
and the Bound Table howl shows how my words
tell. * Napoleon pretends to sleep, but
he is wide-awake. Austria, Russia, Prussia,
England formed the holy alliance that destroyed
his uncle. Perhaps his father. He has whipped
Russia and Austria, and in whipping Prussia
will slap England in the lace by taking Belgium.
Then Ireland is free. England a republic, and
America the leader among the nations of the
world. o. F. T,
OBPHANS HOME
Spingfield, Mo., Aug. 16, 1868.
Mrs. E. C. StantonDear Madam: I have
been a constant reader of The Revolution
since the first number. 1 endorse every word
uttered, and rejoice that it is doing a good work,
and hope soon to send you some subscribers.
I have been engaged the past four years in
gathering up orphan children, made so by the
late war, and giving them a home and instruc-
tion. Last September, I added a school for
young ladies, there being none in this portion
of our growing state. The institution has been
my individual work, and is now on a firm basis.
An increase of pupils demands more teachers
than we had last year. I am desirous of obtain-
ing an experienced teacher, a woman who is a
disciplinarian, can teach drawing, painting, and
all English branches. To such a teacher a per-
manent situation and good salary will be given.
Can you send me such a teacher by the first of
September ? I
Please let me hear from' you on the subject
as soon as convenient, and very much oblige a
friend to my sex. Marx Phelps,
WOMAN'S L AB OB.
Editors of the Revolution :
When the sentiments and the popular usages of so
ciety will allow woman to dress and pursue such avoca.
tiona as are most oongenial to her taste and natural
capacity, there will he a wider field opened forphysical
and spiritual development. There will he an equaliza-
tion of labor and wages, in which there is so much dif-
ference now, to the great disparagement of woman, and
to the demoralization of man. The inovations upon estab-
lished usages, and the radical sentiments of theage in
which we live are hastening the introduction of a change
in the sphere of womans labor, or rather an extension of
her present sphere, so as to afford her an opportunity,
equal with man, of seeking and obtaining employment
Suited to her taste and qualifications. There are thou-
sands of positions, both of a mechanical and of an intel-
lectual nature, which now command high prices for men,
which could be filled quite as acceptably by females, if
they were allowed to compete for such positions, the
same as men.
The N. Y. Snn said recently, that women have
been very successful as compositors in that city, and are
employed to great advantage in several large establish-
ments, at wages varying from eleven to thirteen dollars
per week. Other occupations, such as press-work,
binders, book-sewers and gilders, engraving, photograph
coloring, telegraphing and tailoring, are becoming more
extensively followed by women than formerly. Tbe
post office, and a thousand and one other public offices
could be filled as acceptably, and more trustfully by wo-
men, than by their present incumbents.
In view of these facts, which are stubborn and incon-
trovertible, it would be wise in communities and in
government to throw wide open the doors to female en
terprise and ingenuity.
Cardington. O. iT M. Ewing,


136
Siu, KUvtflttHorn.
Cl!f liC00111tiUII.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER P1LLSBVRY,
Editors*
SUSAN E. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 3, 1868.
LARGEST STORE IN TEE WORLD
A New York exchange says of A. T. Stewarts new
store : The building on Broadway and Tenth streets is
or iron, covering two and a half acres of ground, and is
six stories in height, besides a high basement story and
a sub-basement. Its rotunda and dome in the centre-
rivalling those of the National Capitol at Washington
admit the suns light by day to the whole of the im-
mense building ; and will be lighted at night by a simi-
lar arrangement of gas and electricity to that of the
Washington rotunda. The iron columns surrounding
the rotuuda, painted white as marble, are ornamented
almost equal to the famous bronze doors of the House of
Representatives. In the upper stories, already one thou-
sand females are employed in the manufacture of the nu-
merous articles of the toilet sold below. When com-
pleted, the building will contain some three thousand
employees, including the salesmen.
The Cathedral in Dublin is also a huge pile,
but it is surrounded by myriads of human habi-
tations glued together by filth, squalor and
wretchedness, as though that vast excrescence
had sapped up into itself all the vitality, energy
and life blood of multitudes to construct itself.
For a quarter of a mile in every direction, though
the dens are almost as thick as cells in a honey-
comb, there is scarcely one in which a well fed',
well conditioned person would be willing to
dine or could dine with any appetite. To rear
that ancient and immense structure exhausted
the lives of thousands of miserable men. To
support it from generation to generation re-
quires the toil of many other thousands. And yet,
wliat earthly, mortal use it is or ever was to
humanity, or what true honor to Him who dwell
eth not in temples made with hands, it would
be hard to say. Had the millions on millions of
money it has cost been expended in comfortable
homes for Irelands starving poor, no such multi-
tudes as now would not have where to lay their
heads For it and its platoons of well paid
priests, thousands and thousands of Gods chil-
dren, houseless, homeless, hungry and wretched,
toil unpitied, uncared for, from generation to
generation. The most merciless aristocracy on
earth is a priesthood that thus binds in adaman-
tine chains the wealr, the poor, the ignorant, un-
der the pious pretence that in all this poverty
and misery, they are pleasing God, perform-
ing to him most acceptable worship, and pre-
paring themselves for heaven. And akin to it
is that aristocracy of wealth, that high priest-
hood of Mammon to which A. T. Stewart, the
proprietor of the largest store in the world,
pre-eminently belongs. Merchant prince he
is sometimes called. And why not ? For are
there not princes of darkness in the divine
(or devils) economy, as well as loftier nobility ?
Jesus recognized a prince of devils, why
should not we? Moloch and Mammon have
long been known among the deities, both de-
manding human sacrifices, both drinking human
blood, the ancient (heathen we call it), directly,
dispatching his victims at once and ending their
miseries; the modem, the Christian, by slow de-
grees, by lingering tortures and torments, but no
less sure at last.
O, if the working millions did but compre-
hend how many of them and their families must
drudge and toil life after life to create one
Stewart and his world Of wealth, they would
loathe his vatnpire presence. They would over-
whelm him with their execrations. The an-
cients supposed the vampire to be a dead man
returned from the other world, to wander over
earth, doing no good, but only evil, sucking the
blood of persons asleep till they died, but kill-
ing them also into vampires like themselves. To
kill them, it was held that their bodies must
be pierced with stakes cut from a green tree,
their heads must be cut off and their hearts
burned up with fire. This terrible superstition
is almost a frightful reality in some of its
ghastliest features applied to the merchant
princes, the archangels of Mammon in our
time and country, had the people eyes to see
and comprehend it. But they did not discern
the horrors of the African slave trade and chat-
tel slavery till light and lightning flashed down
among them more than a hundred years. A
traveller in a desert crept one night into a cave
in the darkness and slept and rested till morn-
ing dawned in upon him. It9 first rays revealed
to him a monstrous serpent coiled up in a cor-
ner near him. Increasing light revealed other
companionship not less deadly, or to he dreaded.
Full daylight showed him surrounded with rep-
tile And every loathsome thing. How he sped is
not told; but with heavenly interference and aid,
our hugest dragon, chattel slavery, is slain. And
now we begin to see what other monsters not
less deadly beset us on every hand.
The people look with envious admiration at
the untold and unknown wealth of A. T. Stew-
art. He is even approached with reverence,
humility and awe on account of it. On account
of it alone; for apart from his huge fortune, he
would not measure favorably with many men in
his employ. And this he himself knows full
well. He is rearing that immense store in
which it is said he employs already one thous-
and women, and when it is completed the num-
ber in all of women and men, will be swelled
to three thousand! The population of a large
town in that one building alone! Then he has
another immense wholesale warehouse down
town where he may employ at least half as
many more. To which, let supernumeraries,
household domestics, tenants and their families
be added, and it perhaps would appear that this
one mortal man has at least five thousand as
immortal as himself, as good as himself, many
of them more intelligent than himself, as com-
pletely in his power, to be retained or discharg-
ed, in youth or old age, in health or sickness,
in plenty or poverty, as ever could have been
a plantation of chattel slaves! True, he can-
not offer them for sale to the highest bidder in
front of the City Hall. But he and others have
so adjusted the laws of capital that they all ap-
pear before his mighty temples of Mammon
and offer themselves to him at such prices as
he will pay. Live they must, at least they think
they must, and they must abide the mandates
which he and the like of him have made as to
the conditions.
And what are those conditions ? The income
of A. T. Stewart has been rated by some at
two millions per annum. It may be more, it
may be less. But it will not be unreasonable
to place it at two millions. He .may then be
worth at a fair estimate twenty millions, for
such estates in hands like his do not often
yield a less profit than ten per cent. And if
property be really only production from the
earth or sea, two things are certain ; first, that
A* T. Stewart really produces none of his pro-
perty ; but that we have come to a practical com-
prehension of the question
Who first taught souls enslaved, and realms undone.
The enormous faith of many made for one f
And by how many is this one instance of
vampireism supported ? Do the five thousand
in his immediate employ do it by their labor ?
In the first place most of them produce nothing
more than their employer himself. Sellirg
goods is not producing them. But were they
all actual producers at the present prices of
productive labor, the five thousand would go
but little way towards paying the income of
two millions a year. It is estimated, and no
doubt very accurately, that the average income
of ten thousand New England and Nev York
farmers, beyond necessary expenses, is not
above one million a year. So that it requires
the use of twentv thousand average New Eng-
land and New York farmers, and the surplus,
earnings of the owners and all their families to
pay the annual income of this one A. T. Stew-
art, who actually produces nothing whatever!
A few fanners become capitalists and their
incomes also swell to immoderate size. Slavery
parcelled land into plantations, some of them of
thousands of acres. Gov. Aiken of South Caro-
lina owned and appropriated the labor of a thous-
and laborers. A. T. Stewart appropriates the
labor of many thousands, though he does not
absolutely own them. y
It is computed that five thousand of the in-
habitants of New York own a far greater,
amount of real and personal property thanall
the rest of the city together. It is also esti-
mated that one hundred and fifty thousand of
the wealthiest men in the United States own as
much real and personal property as the whole
of the remainder of the nation. Two and a
half per cent, of the whole people have as much
wealth as the other ninety-seven and a half per
cent. Does any one doubt that wealth rules the
nation? We are called a democracy ; a repub-
lic. And yet only two and a half per cent, of
the population have really any power in the gov-
ernment whatever. Government professes to
establish laws for the benefit of the whole na-
tion ; and yet the whole laboring, producing
people are at the mercy of a vulgar fraction,
the vulgarest kind of fraction of capitalists.
And yet did they but know it, the remedy for
this astonishing inequality is within reach of
the victims. In a monarchy it requires violent
revolution, generally attended with much blood-
shed, and then never yet resulting in radical
improvement. In a republic no war is required,
no violence. But virtue.and intelligence are
needed, and these it is to be feared we have not.
To a sufficient extent we have them not, or the
evil would not exist. No twenty thousand in-
telligent and virtuous farmers would work all
their lives to swell the hoordes on hoardes of
A. T. Stewart if they knew it; bequeathing the
same servile legacy to their sons. And then
ten years will double the two millions, and
twenty thousand more producers by a similar
grinding process will be kept down to the same
low level,-to meet by their sweat and toil this
increased demand. Meantime the lordly owner,
consuming more than many, many-honest work-
ers, produces nothing. He sits under the
shadow of his spreading banyan that sheds
its golden stores into his insatiable lap, but
watered by the sweat, fed by the unprotected,
unpitied toil of thousands and thousands of
laborers, his banyan becomes to them a Upas,
exhaling only poison, poverty and an untimely
death.
But so long as labor permits capital to mass


1 llu
137
THE LAWS AND THE LAW-MAKEES, the CUrS6 DlUSt
and will continue. Let that he read, marked,
and inwardly digested, by productive labor in
all its departments.
Slave-owners lived in England, their slaves
toiled in the West Indies. A. T. Stewart may
go and reside there also, his property remaining
here. His incomes in notes, bonds, stocks,
mortgages, must be earned here, paid here, by
the productive labor of the working people.
The poverty of a West India plantation was as
apparent as its burning suns, because all the
wealth produced was devoured by English horse-
leeches in London who owned the soil and its
products, and whose ringing cry through the
slave-drivers whips was ever and alwaysgive,
give!
Under our new form of slavery, our high art
slavery, let two or three hundred thousand of the
wealthiest men in the nation emigrate to foreign
countries, taking with them only the evidences
of their immense wealth, leaving the enormous
incomes to be levied on the labor of the pro-
ducing classes under the existing Jaws, doubling
those incomes at least once in thirteen years,
and what must he the fate of the nation ? Let
arithmetic and-history solve the problem.
Meantime, as we have said, the remedy is
with the.myriads of the laborers themselves.
With them are the numbers, the material
strength, and more than all, the justice and the
right, did they but know it. The lion would
burst the frail bars of his cage did he know his
own strength. Slaves in the West Indies, in our
own states, would soon have made havoc with
their masters, had they been as wise, and as
firmly united. One firey, bloody insurrection,
and one generation of masters* would surely
have been no more.
We need no insurrection of blood and fire.
The ballot is our more excellent way. There
must be Revolution, deep and thorough, reach-
ing to both laws and law-makers. The pre-
sent parties must cease to be forever. Like the
upper and the nether millstone, they are grinding
the nation to powder. They legislate for capi-
tal, not for its producers. Grant is the candidate
of capital, Seymour of the old lords of the lash
at the south and their blind allies of the north,
whose iron rule scourged the nation for almost
a century and ended with rebellion, war and
desolation. Those parties and all their leaders
and chieftains, their Congress, their candidates
for President, their Constitution must be repu-
diated. Even then* Declaration of Independ-
ence must be 'born again. Hitherto, even it
has known only men, and they must be white.
Woman, at last,.has been discovered, the other
hemisphere of humanity. Woman as worker
has been discovered. And so terribly does the
curse of labor cleave to her that the eight
hour system even, offers her no hope. Man
may enjoy his eight hour law relief, but it will be
found still true that,
Woman's work is never done.
The new order must know no distinctions in
right or privilege. And labor; not capital, nor
cunning, nor brute force, must make the laws.
Whoever is President, or Cabinet, or Supreme
Court, laboring men and women must be ma-
jorities in Congress and every state legislature.
The government must be the people themselves;
not a part, but the whole people. Suffrage must
be based on intelligence of some kind, but avail-
able to all of common capacity. It may be in
books, or better yet, in a knowledge of practical
life. He or she who knows and obeys the laws,;
and cares properly for the household and edu
cates the children is fix to share in the govern-
ment of the country.
And it is time the Revolution were inaugur-
ated. Delays, ever dangerous, in our case may
be fatal. It is not possible the present misrule
can last long ; perhaps not another four years.
Heither political party offers any remedy what-
ever for existing ills. Heither comprehends the
situation even, much less proposes any adequate
change. Grant is the man for Stewart, Seymour
for Wade Hampton. And Stewart and Hamp-
ton represent bankruptcy, poverty, slavery, high
art, double distilled Slavery, for the people.
For well and truly does Ruskiji say, that all
rates of interest or modes of profit on capital
which render possible the rapid accumulation of
fortunes are simply forms of taxation, by indi-
viduals, on labor, purchase, or transport; and
are highly detrimental to the national interests;
being, indeed, no means of national gain, but
only the abstraction of small gains from many
to form the large gain of one.
Just as has been shown in this already too
long article.
It is not pretended that Stewart or even Wade
Hampton is a sinner above all other men. They
are in some sense victims themselves. Victims
to divine laws violated, to institutions perverted.
The vampire was not made so of his own elec-
tion. The serpent might have been created a
seraph had the choice been left to him. But
being what they are, let humanity beware of
them. Though spawned m Eden, or in heaven,
they are not less hurtful. And toiling, strug-
gling humanity should not longer be their prey.
p. p.
RHETORICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CV-
RIOBITIES.
SUEFBAGE FOE WOMEN .IN TEXAS.
IN the Texas Convention, on the 31st ult., the
following report on Female Suffrage was made
by the committee to whom the -subject was re-
ferred :
We, ike undersigned members of the Committee on
State Affairs, alter examining the declaration presented
by Mr. Mundine on female suffrage, respectfully present
this minority report, and unhesitatingly state that we ore
opposed to female suffragenot because we think them of
any less capacity than men, but, forsooth, we think that
by the Very law of their natures they are transcending
above an active participation in the government of the
country, and their native modesty and inborn refinement
of feelings cause every true woman to shrink from min-
gling in tbe busy noise of election days. They are con-
scious that they exercise, by keeping themselves in their
appropriate spheres, and by exhibiting all those gentle
qualities directly opposed to the rougher. sex, in their
capacities of wives and mothers, an influence mightier
far than that of the elective franchise. Wc are opposed
to it, lurther, because we believe that the good sense of
every true woman in the land teaches her that granting
them the power to vote is a direct, open insult to their
sex, by the implication that they are so unwomanly as
to desire the privilege. Wc, therefore, believe that such
a declaration should not pass this body of gentlemen.
Transcending above? do they transcend
below in Texas. We should think the men who
penned the above bungling sentences had
strayed ont of their sphere. We would recom-
mend them to a careful study of etymology, syn-
tax and prosody. For the sake of their wives
we will not publish the names of the gentlemen
who brought in the minority report, nor point
out the grammatical blunders, but simply con -
sider some of their profound arguments. They
are opposed to female suffrage.
1st. Because they think woman too modest
and refined to vote.
2d. Because women think so themselves.
3d. Because it is an insult to the fair sex to
suppose they would do so foul a deed! !
An insult to give woman the power to blot the
word malefrom all our Constitutions!to
make the laws equal for both sexes ; to open for
themselves the world of thought, and profitable
work: tbe colleges, trades and professions, to
secure equal pay for equal work ; to have a
voice in the taxes she pays; to choose her law-
maker, judge, jury and hangman ? Think you
the young girl arraigned for the crime of infanti-
cide would feel insulted if she had a voice in
making a criminal code by which her seducer,
instead of herself, should be brought to justice?
Would the widow feel insulted if at the death of
her husband, tbe coarse minions of the law had
not the right to come in and take an inventory
of her household goods, of the old clock that had
marked the passing sands of time for genera-
tions, of the old arm-chair in which the good
man breathed his last, of the books he had read,
and marked, and of all the sacred relics of the
loved ?
Setting aside the question of rights, dearly
beloved Texans, give your women at least a
choice of insults, and rest assured they would
prefer all these that fiow from political equality
to those they now enjoy in disfranchisement.
Is it no insult to your women to be ranked in
your constitution with idiots, criminals, luna-
tics, paupers, Indians, negroes, and minors?
What woman could read over your code of
laws without feeling insulted with all your
special legislation for her ; the very names by
which she is designated in your Cokes and Kents
and Storys are enough to make a proud woman
blush with indignation. When ignorant-foreign-
ers, disfranchised black men, and sickly strip-
lings of twenty-one, talk of womans sphere,
it is time ior thinking-men to wake up to the
fact that women, the world over, are bounding
their own sphere. Womans sphere, like the
passage round the North pole, is not given man
to discover. The fate of the Sir John Franklins
has not been more melancholy than has that of
the American Trippers who have lectured and
written on this subject. They have simply made
themselves ridiculous. When J. G. Holland
went to Vassar College with his twaddle, the girls
laughed him to scorn. Poor Dr. Todd and Prof.
Taylor Lewis, and Bayard Taylor, have not fared
much better.
These gentlemen, from Father Gregory
who wrote silly letters to his daughters
down to the author of The Spirit of Seventy-
six, all seemed to have doubted Gods capacity to
keep his creatures in their appropriate sphere
without mans advice and assistance. The im-
mutable laws would no doubt stand, if not
backed up by any of mans puny legislation.
Take courage, brave Texans, there is no more
danger of a woman getting out of her sphere
than there is of a fish flying in the air, or a bird
swimming in the water, or of Yenus, the beau-
tiful evening star, taking a promenade in the
broad belt of Saturn. The true work tor legis-
lators is to take down all the barriers in womans
way, that in freedom she may bound her own
sphere. There is an old German proverb that
says, every woman comes into the world with
a stone on her head; and that is as true now
as the day it was said. Your creeds, your codes
your conventionalisms, oh man! have indeed
fallen with crashing weight on woman in all
ages; but nature is mightier than laws and cus-
toms, and in spite of the stone on her head,
already behold woman close upon your heels in
the whole world of thought; in art, science,


138
MUt |!*V0luU0tt.
literature and government. When has the
world produced an orator that could draw such
audiences and hold them spell-bound as did our
own Anna Dickinson at the age of eighteen
years ?
Behold Bosa Bonheur in the world of art, a
girl of sixteen studying anatomy in the slaught-
er-houses of Paris ; the universities all closed
against her, and giving to us the most wonder-
ful painting of animal life that the world has
yet seen! In sculpture see Harriet Hosmer ; in
science, Caroline Sommerville and Maria Mit-
chell ; in political economy, Harriet Martineau
and Catharine Beecher; in literature, Charlotte
Bronte and Harriet Beecher Stowe, who in
Jane Eyre and Uncle Toms Cabin have
produced the most popular novels of the cen-
tui*y. These one and all are so many protests
against the degraded political condition of wo-
man, and so many proofs that she is destined
everywhere to stand the peer of man.
Now look at it, men of Texas, what have all
these old creeds and codes and customs
amounted to ? true women have risen up every-
where under all these crushing weights, and
walked forward as easily as did Samson with
the gates of the city. We ask only what
Diogenes did in his tub ; stand from between
woman and the light. e. c. s.
WHAl 18 A DEMOCAAT?
The Troy Times says that 44 the Sun professes to be in-
dependent in politics, but is decidedly Democratic in its
tendencies." The World says thatthe Sun is a Radical in
disguise, and that the disguise is pretty thin, too. It is
evident that we can't satisfy these extreme people on
either side. Nothing will please them but to think just
as they think, and speak just as they speak. This would
be a bad plan, and we will not try it. The best way is to
endeavor always to be right, and to speak the truth re-
gardless of party interests. This will not please the
professional politicians, but the people at large will
like it.Sun.
That is just what they say of us. It seems
the Sun, like The Revolution, has risen
into such pure, exalted atmosphere, that the
children of time and sense cannot understand
ip what orbit we are both travelling. As if
editors who are neither democrats not repub-
licans might not have a word to say on great
questions, that professional politicians, bound
by their party organizations, dare not say, and
as if it were not most desirable for the true in-
terests of the people that there should be some
minds vso liberal and comprehensive that one
cannot tell to what sect or party they do belong.
Like the Sun, we propose to do right and speak
the truth, and if by that means we become
democrats, why so much worse for those who
call themselves republicans. Our prayer is,
that when the abolitionists and republicans ut-
terly forsake us the democrats will take us up.
One thing is sure, with Chief-Justice Chase and
the Sun, we shall be in good company.
e.. c. s.
Southern Taste.The Spartanburg (S. C.)
Spartan says: Thad. Steveus is dead, bis car-
cass was laid in state in the Capitol at Washing-
ton, guarded by uegro Zouaves. His disgusting
remains were then sent on to Lancaster, Pa.,
to the disconsolate negro wench with whom he
had lived for many'years. The same paper
says, the one thing needful with us now is to
elect Seymom* and Blair. The Spartan needs
to see more, a good deal than Seymour, Horatio,
president
0 wad some power the giftie gie it
To see itself I
THE WORKING-MEN'S CONGRESS.
The call for a Congress of the workingmen to
assemble in this city on the 21st of September
will be found in another column of The Re-
volution. It is addressed to men only, but
surely, men cannot have more invested in the
labor movement than women. Nor can any en-
terprise succeed for the elevation and ameliora-
tion of labor that does not include woman. And
this is becoming more and more apparent evexy
day. In the recent terrible war, the women on
both sides were the inspiring genius of every bat-
tle so soon as their co-operation was permitted.
The soldier went into the fight with renewed
courage, whenever he knew that woman was
waiting to receive his wounded, mangled body
in her arms, and restore it to him again if human
tenderness, that never stops, short of absolute
miracle, could do it. In church, in missionary,
in every benevolent and philanthropic enterprise,
woman is now admitted to equal co-operation,
and it is not probable that the Labor movement
will be behind. So let the women move promptly
and energetically in the matter, and appoint able,
and every way suitable delegates, and no doubt,
they will be joyfully received and their co-opera-
tion gladly accepted.
A HAT ON A NEW PRINCIPLE
The human race acknowledge the importance
of cleansing and otherwise taking the proper
care of the body, but it is a noticeable fact that
the head is sadly neglected. It is no wonder
that gentlemen become prematurely bald, for
the old styles of hats are very injurious to the
head, and at the same time, the small patch
worn by women of the present day is no protec-
tion whatever, and some reform is demanded in
both cases. We are glad to learn that one of
our enterprising inventors, Mr. William H.
White, has hit upon the proper remedy, and
we take pleasure in noticing any invention of
merit. These hats we made of linen and other
light materials for summer wear, and thicker
materials for winter ; can be taken apart, washed
and ironed with the greatest ease, and need only
to be seen and worn to be fully appreciated.
They are made for ladies, gentlemen, and chil-
dren, and during the present summer they have
been introduced to a considerable extent. Mr.
White, the inventor of this patent detachable
wash hat, has given it the most careful study
for years. It is secured to him by letters patent
both here and in Europe. The head, under this
new principle, receives the^proper ventilation
which is so necessary for the preservation of
the hair. Mr. George W. White, the inventors
brother, is the sole manufacturer ot this novel,
elegant and durable hat and cap, at 361 Canal
street, where hundreds of women find steady
and lucrative employment, which is certainly
a favorable feature in this new invention. We
wish Mr. White every success in his undertak-
ing.
Some Progress.The Springfield Republican
says : A worthy deacon in a town somewhere
in North America, gave notice at a prayer meet-
ing, the other night, of a church meeting that
was to be held immediately after, and uncon-
sciously added, There is no objection to the
female brethren remaining.
Brigham Young exhibits thirty-five marriage-
able daughters daily in the theatre of the Salt
Lake City.ZufcunfU
SPIRITUALISM IN WASHINGTON.
The Washington correspondent of the Balti-
more Gazette, in a letter dated 20th ult, says :
In spite of police regulations there was a clear ex-
hibition of spirits at the Executive Mansion this morn-
ing. Mrs. Daniels, the great Boston medium, was there
with spirits, but Dot of the alcoholic type. She was the
bearer of a message from the late Abraham Lincoln,
which she was charged to deliver in person to President
Johnson. While waiting in the ante-room for an audi-
ence, surrounded by a large company of ladies and gen-
tlemen, also in waiting, a lady in black with pale and care
worn features, seemed to be drawn towards Mrs.
Daniels, who asked her if she had not lost a son, Wil-
liam ? The lady responded in astonishment. 44 Yes, ma-
dam some ten years ago." 44 Your husband," continued
Mrs. Daniels, 44 was lately killed on the railroad?"
Another look of wonder followed with an affirmative
answer. They are now both present with you, and
your sou desires me to say that you need not worry
yourself about your business matters, as you are certain
to succeed. Such was the communication from the
spirit world to the poor woman, who stood for some
moments stupified, while the company wondered and
speculated on the strange scene.
The Washington Star contains the following
repoit of a lecture by Mrs. Daniels on the next
Sunday evening. She is the same Mrs.
Daniels who conducted her own case success-
fully before the Commissioner of Patents after
her agents had two or three times foiled, as we
gave account in a recent Revolution :
Children's Rights.An audience composed chiefly
of persons of mature age and married life were addressed
on Sunday evening, at Harmonist Hall, by Mrs. Daniels
of Boston, on the very interesting and all important
subject of 44 Children's Bights. The lady opened her
discourse by stating that we had heard of Women's
Bights, Men's Rights, political and religious rights, the
rights of whites and blacks, natives and foreigners, and
very little about children's rights, the most important of
ail, as the future of the nation depended upon granting
to the unborn and bom millions, who shall control our
destiny, all their rights. She showed that childreu had
a right to the best maternal conditions prior to birth, the
right to be bom (which is now denied to thousands), and
the right to that kind of education which will develop
them to perfect manhood and womanhood, and thus
qualify them to go forth into life fully equipped for its
duties and responsibilites. She was severe upon the
method of corporeal punishment common in families
and schools, and contended that children can be better
governed by kindness and love than by force, and gave,
in illustration, a case of her own experience. When but
seventeen years old,.she was placed in charge of aschool
perfectly demoralized and hopelessly unmanageable, but
yielded to the love principle without resistance, and be-
came so attached to the teacher that they insisted on
Sunday Schools under her care. The subject was
handled with great delicacy and to the satisfaction of the
audience. A pure, holy atmosphere seemed to pervade
the hall, lifting the audience above all impurity of thought,
while the lecturer followed her subject from the sources
of our being to the culmination of manhood and woman -
hood, and tbe results in our Hfe, showing clearly that we
exhibited the wrongs inflicted upon our early life in
onr after life, and that we ourselveq filled our prisons
alms*houses, and asylums, and furnished the victims lor
the bloody scaffold.
Kansas.Mrs. S. L. Wattles and Mrs. Jennette
B. Heath, of Kansas, favored ns with a friendly
call last week. The former was accompanied by
her daughter who is to enter the Womens Medi-
cal College in this city. Both these ladies are
well known at home as earnest workers in the
cause of progress and reform.
Political Mania.The Mail calls the edi-
tors of the New York Express monomaniacs. It
says:
We use no figure of speech ; we simply state a fact,
when we say that that the editors of tbe Express are
monomaniacs. To them there are no men in the United
Statesthe human race is divided into women, negroes
and voters.



139
A WOMAN IMPRIS O N ED FOR GLEANING.
The following is a beautiful illustration of
Englands protection of the poor and ignorant
in suits of law :
At the Chester (England) Police Court on the 8th inst.,
before the Mayor, Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Smith, a poor
woman named Sarah Jones appeared on a summons
charging her with slealing a qUanUty of wheat, the
property of Mr. Roberts, farmer.
Mr. Churton, solicitor, appeared for complainant, who
stated that on the 29th ult. he saw the prisoner picking
up wheat at the bottom of a field from which they were
carrying he crop He sent a boy to her, but she did
not go away. He went down to her himself and took
from her a handful of wheat, and she went away.
Mr. JohnsonHad the field been cleared ?
RobertsNot quite. We were just finishing taking
away the Takings.
Mr. JohnsonWas there any wheat except on the
ground where she was?
RobertaNo, it had been raked there ; but I have
had such a great deal of damage I want to make an ex-
ample.
DefendantMr. Roberts, didnt I tell you I was very
sorry ? I thought there was no harm.
RobertsYes, you did; but I want to make an example
of some one.
The Mayor (to defendant)What have you to say ?
DefendantWell, gentlemen, I didnt think 1 was doing
any harm. I was going home, and I thought I would
pick up a few ears to please the children. I told Mr.
Roberts I was very sorry, and gave him the com when
he said it wasnt allowed. I am very sorry.
The Mayor, after consulting with Mr. Smith and the
Clerk (Mr. Sharp)You must go to jail for seven days.
Great sensation : Mr. Johnson, the magistrate, throw-
ing up his hands and saying, I wont be a party to
that. Seven days! All the papers in the country will'be
down upon us.
The defendant turned very pale, and, bursting into
tears, said : Seven days for that! Dont seed me to
jail from my four poor children, and one suckling at the
breast.
Mr. Churton said, while Mr. Roberts wished for some
punishment, he did not ask for so much as that.
After a further consultation between tbe magistrates,
the Mayor said : You must pay a fine of 5$ 6d. damages,
and costs, 8s., or go to jail for three days.
The woman was then removed, and ultimately sent to
jail, as the money was not forthcoming.
A Correction.The Reform Investigator says :
The Revolution is discussing the question
Have not women the same right to have par-
amours that men have to keep mistresses?*
The Investigator mistakes. A correspondent
asked the question and gave his own answer,
namely that they have the same right. The Invest
tigator answers thus :
We should answer the question in the affirmative, but
this is one of womans rights that we should prefer not
to advocate.
The Revolution has said nothing,, not
even so much as the Investigator, but agrees
with it and its correspondent both. Men and
women have the same right to commit murder,
or blasphemy, or to violate any command in
the decalogue. The question of our corres-
pondent has produced a most significant flutter-
ing in various quarters, almost as though some-
body, or something had been hit.
Women Brokers.-There are seventy-five
marriage brokers in Paris, and two of them pay
an income tax of two hundred francs per year.
They charge five per cent, on the dower of rich
wives, and two per cent, when the fortune of the
husband and wife are about equally large. An
extra charge is made for procuring husbands
with aristocratic titles.
Shameful.Bishop Janes asserts that the
Methodists of the United States paid last year
$2,000,000 tax on the tobacco used by them!
Negro Pretensions.The New York Times
said last week (Wednesday), We fear that the
negro legislators of South Carolina are in dan-
ger of insisting upon measures that must in the
end react most damagingly upon the prospects
of the freedmen. The Times was disturbed
that the South Carolina House of Representa-
tives had parsed a bill putting the negroes of
the stale on an equal footing with the whites.
It closed its counsel thus :
But we must assure the colored law-makers of the
South and their friends that the very worst possible
thing they can do is to act in such a way as to bring
about a revulsion of feeling throughout the country
against negropretensions.
The southern democrats are now making
great exertions, and with success, too, to win
over the negro vote to their side. The proscrip-
tion of colored people in so many northern and
western states and such republican [newspapers
as the Times, furnish them the very argument
they need.
Startling Disclosure! The papers call
the following from a New oik correspondent of
the Boston Journals startling disclosure; but
who that reads Washington dispatches, need be
startled by it ?
The conductors of our city railroads are said to be the
hardest worked and the poorest paid of any class among
us. But if recent investigations amount to anything, it
is not so unprofitable as it is imagined. The Belt Road
in this city is crowded with passengers. One can seldom
get a seat, or even get into the cars. Yet, there have not
only been no dividends on that road, but the company
have become well nigh bankrupt. They have sunk
$'300,000. A rigid investigation was set on foot. Thirty-
five shrewd detectives or spies were put on the track.
Comparing tbe receipts with what the conductors turned
| In, it is estimated that the company have been defrauded
during the past twelve months out of $200,000. Tbe stock
hat should be above par is not worth ten cents on the
dollar.
Successful Co-operation.About a year ago,
says the Philadelphia Press, a co-operative foun-
dry was established in Rochester after the plan
of those in New York and Albany. It has
proved a great success. Only a trifle over $18,-
000 was paid in. The profits for the six months
ending December 10, were $8,392. 82. A divi-
dend of twelve per cent, on the stock has been
'declared, payable in stock, and the balance has
been divided pro rata among the employees mak-
iing to them 29 3-10ths per cent, on their earn
ings. It is in view of such results that John
Ruskin, whom the world rates almost mad,
says:
A time will comeI do not think even now it is far
from uswhen this golden net of the worlds wealth wilj
be spread abroad as the flaming meshes of morning cloud
we over the sky ; bearing with them the joy of light, and
the dew of the morning, as well as the summons of honor-
able and peaceful toil.
Six or eight colored men are employed as
clerks in the Boston post-office, and all this
time the stupid7 fellows have shown them-
selves capable and reliable!
A California Correspondent transmits the
following:
I abge Tbout.Mrs. Page, the wife of Gaptian Page,
of the Steamer Victor, caught a trout weighing nine
pounds, with a hook and line, in Lake Tahoe, a few days
since.
Second Class Cabs.They have them and
third class also in Great Britain and on the
continent, with fares graded accordingly. Dr.
Holland says the second class cars of Prance, are
certainly equal to the first class in England.
SHIRKERS AND WORKERS.
Editors of The Revolution:
There are a set of old fellows who call them-
selves political economists or social science re-
formers, who have, since the time of Malthus,
their founder, been sorely troubled to conceive
how the peoples of the world are to be fed4
their theory being, that food does not increase
in equal proportion to population. Any one
would deem, that under such circumstances,
these old chaps would pull oft their coats and
hasten to farming, gardening, and producing ;
but instead of that, they take it outin croaking.
Perhaps not one of the fraternity ever furnished
a meal for anything larger than fleas, bugs or
musquitoeB. There are those who believe it
would have been no great loss to society if the
lesser vermin just spoken of, had, on the per-
sons of the above mentioned philosophers, a
little more thoroughly practiced their powers
and exemplified and carr ied out their theories
of consumption.
But there is a necessity upon us to answer
these fellows, whose cruel dreams have long
taken the form of laws, under which, every nine-
teenth inhabitant of Great Britain has been
made a pauper. Their idea is, that enough is
not and cannot be provided at the feast of life,
and that the laborers who furnish the table
ought to go without food. Money orders
from dead generations, government orders
printed by the billion, these tickets for soup
must be supplied first, and the scraps only left
for the laboring producers. But this is not the
worst aspect of the case. They are down on the
increase of papulation. In six papers in the
Cornhill Magaziney one Matthew Arnold, who
calls himself a Philistine, and is one, perverts
the Bible to suit his purpose, as becomes a
Philistine. He sneers at the great order to in.
crease and multiply,and is statesman enough to
try to endeavor to prove to Great Britain, (whose
ambassador, Mr. Crampton, was lately kicked
out of Washington for trying to kidnap folks
here according to order) that men are not
wanted in that country.
These philosophers cannot understand the dif-
ference between a desert and a nation. They
, wish their cabinets to be defended without sol-
diers and sailors, and their food furnished by
agricultural laborers requiring no support. But
even steam engines have stomachs. They must
be fed. Telegraphs require a constant supply Of
acid and metals. If a thinning out of mankind is
really a necessity of the time, as Dr. Malthus and
Mr. Matthew Arnold proclaim, surely it would
only be sound political economy to commenoe
with the lazy folks first. Great Britain is a very
fine country, excellent for noblemen and men of
means; in fact the laws in it are arranged so capi *
tally to suit the desires of such, that it is a pity
that there are any workingmen in it at all. It
would be manifestly healthier without the latter,
for if the miners, agriculturists, and mechanics
leave the field, as they seem inclined to do, it
may he assumed that the idlers left, composed
of the aristocracies of birth and wealth, would
not be likely^ to throw up their dinners.
In conclusion, Mr. Matthew Arnold thus de-
scribes some of the little ones of the City of
London. Children eaten np by disease, half,
sized, half-fed, half-clothed, neglected by their
parents, without health, without home, without
hope. Mr. Matthew Arnold makes two en-
quiries about these miserables, the first isHow
shall we prevent their accumulating ? Here, in
New York, the World states we have seventy


140
$&* |UiJ0lttti0tt.
regular abortionists to effect this purpose, and
the same writer in that paper of the 26th inst.,
estimates that there are thirty thousand women
in this city who have murdered their children.
But Mr. Matthew Arnold may possibly obtain
better information on that subject from his
neighbors, the French. In that country, both
in the cities and the eighty-four departments, it
is said that the women are thoroughly demor-
alized with the crime of foeticide, and a late cen-
sus of that country returns the deaths for the
year at 90,000 over the births. If .this be too
distant, he can consult the ablest Coroner of
London, Dr. Lankester, and he ought to rest
contented with the public statement of that
officer, that in his, the coroners, belief, the City
of London contains twelve thousand women who
have murdered their own infants. There is a
most beautiful bow in the heavens which asserts
that the Deity will never again destroy the world
by water, but where is the bow which will pro-
tect us from the fiery rain which consumed the
accursed cities of the plain ?
The second enquiry made by Mr. Matthew
Arnold for these neglected little ones isHow
to give their moral life and growth a fair
chance ? To this we also answer by an enquiry,
What is the use of Christianity? What are
churches built for? Best assured that there is
no Christian who would not open his pew door
to any of these little ones for is it not said,
Suffer little children to come unto me,and
forbid them not, for of such is the Kingdom of
Heaven.* But perhaps this is impracticable, in
which case the next best thing to be done
would probably be, about noon, on the Sabbath,
to drive them in a body to Hyde Park, so that
the noble, the wealthy, and the learned, who,
in the afternoon, commonly throng with their
chariots the drives around it, might gaze on tho
sad spectacle, sandwiched, as it would be, be-
tween their morning and evening prayers.
John.
THE INDIAN TROUBLES IN KANSAS.
In their pleasant homes of security and plenty,
it seems difficult for the eastern people to realize
those old scenes of murder and carnage which
were once enacted under their own vine and fig-
tree, but have long since passed into tradition,
to be known only through the pen of the histo-
rian. Longfellow and Cooper have presented
the Indian character in the light of poetry and
romance, till the world se?ms to think the In-
dian incapable of anything mean or dishonor-
able ; and is disposed to attribute all evil grow-
ing out of their discord with the white settlers,
to some unjust encroachment on the part of the
latter.
But the late outrage in Kansas is enough to
sicken the heart, and discourage all immigrants
who are seeking on this western prairie to build
up new homes. For the past week the Counties
of Lincoln and Ottawa, portions of each, lying
within the boundry line of lands granted to the
Union Pacific Bailwayhave been in a condition
of terror, caused by the horrible onslaught of
four tribes of Indians (Cheyennes, Kioways,
Sioux, and Arapaboes), who came suddenly upon
the defenceless and unsuspecting settlers, dwell-
ing in supposed security, scalping and outrag-
ing not only men, but women and children
with promiscuous crueltyof which the Wyom-
ing massacre may be considered a fair parallel.
From those who have been to the scene, we
learn that twelve were found dead, and many
more wounded, who will, probably, not recover,
and others were still missing. Quite a number
of captives were taken and carried off. Only
yesterday, depredations were committed within
sight of the troops at Fort Hays. A large band
attacked a Mexican train near the fort, captured
one hundred and fifty mules, and rode off in
triumph.
Murder and plunder seem to be their ruling
spirit, and their-incarnate ideas are carried out
with a zeal and purpose that is truly frightful.
The secret of all this lies somewhere! Where
is it? These tribes have just been furnished
by the officers of the government with arms
and munitions of war, whose uses have been
for the terrible outrages herein related. One of
our informants on the subject says, It is ex-
pected that another Peace Commission will be
appointed, who will treat with them as hereto,
fore, at an increase of cost to the government; but
we opine, that when the history of the nineteenth
century is written, the results of what has al-
ready been, will be the blackest page. The
abuses of the Indian bureau have long since
shown themselves in a manner much to be de-
plored. I am not surprised that the poor
savage, actuated by none but the lowest in-
stincts, should be thus driven to avenge himself
for the cruel wrongs he is not too stupid to un-
derstand, but we must lament that the innocent
are the sufferers, instead of the guilty. It is not
the poor settlers who are to blame for these
horrible depredationsbut the government
officers, the Indian agents, who come out here
for self-agrandizementto defraud the govern-
ment and cheat the Indians, by systems of dis-
honesty already too glaring to be concealed.
They rob the Indian with one hand, and pat him
on the back with the other, crying peace! peace!
where there is no peace, and will be none, until
justice is meted out to the savage, and lawful
protection to the defenceless setilers. Only a
few weeks ago, The Revolution was called
upon to record some of the shameful frauds per-
petrated on the Indians f and now we have this
horrible picture of their cruel mode of revenge.
Can the government do nothing to remedy this
evil ? Must these responsible offices be held by
scheming men who are void of all honesty or feel-
ing ? Let those distinguished individuals who
fail to realize the actual condition of these fron-
tier settlers, come out for awhile and experience
the trials and dangers which these pioneers,
many of them women, are called upon to pass
through, and they will not be so ready to pen
their peaceful paragraphs, to have them read at
morning meals where there is no scarity of food,
and danger is not iminent *
Junction City, Kansas, Aug. 19, 1868.
Woman as Ministeb.Miss Marianna Thomp-
son, now a student at Canton Theological Semi-
nary, is preaching at North Beading, Mass.,
during her vacation. A friend writes, Miss
Thompson is doing well in her vacation work;
every one is pleased with her, and all feel that
she will be a great help to our cause, by-and-by,
when she has finished her studies.
Getting its Exes Open.The New York
Iribune thinks the fact is becoming more and
more apparent that the rebels of Texas are deter-
mined to inaugurate another war within the
borders of their state.
The Eight Houb Law.The new Secretary
Schofield decides the eight hour act of Congress
to mean pay for eight hours instead of ten. An
appeal is to be taken to the Attorney-General.
OLE BULL'S VILLA.
Yalestband, neab Bebgen, )
Nobway, Aug 3, 1868. j
Editors of the Revolution:
Fob the past month I have been sojourning
in this romantic country as the guest of the
world-renowned violinist, Ole Bull. Valestrand
is a quiet and secluded spot, situated in a charm-
ing valley about eighteen miles from Bergen.
Although Ole Bull was born in Bergen, most of
his youthful days were passed at Yalestrand ;
and there is a cave a short distance from the
house where, as a boy, the violinist practiced
'his first crude ideas of music. Many were the
hours he spent in this lonely ca'v e, with no other
companion than his loved violin. The peasants,
as they passed to and fro on the road just be-
low the cave, were puzzled to determine where
the music proceeded from, and it was some time
before the sanctum of the young musician was
discovered. When a boy, Ole Bull was not ex-
empt from the troubles and trials that most
young fiddlers must pass through. The violin
in the hands of a novice during the first months
of practice (even if he possess the requisite
talent), is not a fascinating instrument, and the
most agonizing and doleful sounds are elicited
by the young beginner. Ole Bulls parents, as
well as the family in general, quite naturally ob-
jected to his practicing in the house, and espe-
cially at night, as the boy was in the habit of
tuning up his fiddle at all hours to suit his
fancy. Several castigations from the father
soon put a stop to further annoyance, and the
young aspirant was compelled to resort to the
friendly cave, where he could practice to his
hearts content unmolested. The father, how-
ever, gradually relented, as the playing of his
son soon began to attract attention, and he pur-
chased some violin studies and presented them
to the boy as a birthday gift. At the age of eight
years, Bull played his first solo, in public, at a
concert in Bergen, and created much surprise,
even among the old musicians ; for he' played a
concerto, by Bode, most admirably. This was a
sort of turning point in the life of Ole Bull, and
he immediately became the pet of the musical
public of Bergen. At the age of twenty he
visited Paris, where he passed through many of
the ups and downs of life; but finally his
name became known throughout the whole
civilized world as the greatest violinist since
Paginini, and for many years Ole Bull and his
Mothers Prayer have been household words
in Europe and America. We spend the time here
in a variety of ways, and have the richest mu-
sical treats almost daily, interspersed with plea-
sant conversation, short rides and walks among
the mountain scenery. Every steamer brings a
fresh levy of visitors. Ole Bull is very popular
with all classes. Of course his well-known
radical political ideas do not find favor with the
government officials, but his music is always ac-.
ceptable, and Ole Bull is probably to-day the
most popular man in Norway. Since his ar-
rival here, he has received many marks of es-
teem, both public and private. If he goes to
Bergen he is sure to be* serenaded, and the pub-
lic journals are continually sounding his praise.
The following I have from Bull nimself: In
1850 he established the National Drama in Nor-
way at his own private expense. He met with
consideiable opposition from the chief of police
in Bergen. Bull had neglected to provide re-
served seats in his theatre for that functionary,
his family, and the members of the police force
of the city. According to an old obsolete Danish
aw, the city officials are to be privileged dead-


141
I *5

heads at all hear and monkey shows that may
pass through the country (I here reminded the
musician that he was a Bum*, and this law
would naturally apply to him), but Bull did not
think the police had a right to reserved seats
unless they paid for them like other people.
As the officious chief police, however, continued
to annoy him, he concluded to have some sport,
and, having caused a board eight feet long, by
four wide, to be prepared, he had the following
painted thereon in large letters : These seats
are reserved for the policeThis board was
nailed up in the theatre directly over the seats
that were desigaed for the officers of the law.
The audience assembled on the appointed night,
and the sight of the immense sign caused great
merriment, and, of course, brought matters to
a crisis. Legal proceedings were instituted
against the eccentric musician, and, after a
long and tedious examination, the Supreme
Court adjudged Bull not guilty, and the chief
of police lost his position by his over officio us-
ness. Still the suit cost Bull a great deal of
money and anxiety. But he had the satisfac-
tion of proving that he was right, and the Na-
tional Drama was played at his theatre for nine
years. He has since presented the building to
the city of Bergen. Although Norway is a
most beautiful country, great numbers emi-
grate yearly to America. Last year ten thou-
sand Norwegians settled in Minnesota alone.
The cause of this is said to be mostly on account
of the best part of the fertile land in Norway
being in the hands of the clergy, who, like the
dog in the manger, will not work it nor sell it;
consequently the peasant who has little means
' at his command prefers to emigrate to America,
where land is cheap and productive. Ole Bull
spends his summers at Valestrand, surrounded
by admiring friends. He has several brothers
residing in Bergen, and many relatives. His
wife died in 1860. He has one son and two
daughters now living ; the son, Alexander, is at
present in America. In the autumn the artist
begins his professional tours, and his house-
keeper assures me that after he is gone the tones
of his]violin are distinctly heard in the music roam.
The people of Norway are noted for being some-
what superstitious, and since my visit to Ole
Bull several ladies have informed me that they
have heard the organ in the music room played
by mysterious hands, long after the inmates of
the villa have retired. As yet, however, your
correspondent has not been favored with any of
this spiritual music. Yesterday, however, while
at dinner, sounds of sweet music suddenly
caught our ears. I suggested that it was prob-
ably his ghostship, and politely asked one of the
ladies if she would favor me with an introduc-
tion. As we were conversing the sounds drew
nearer, and, upon looking out of the window,
several musicians were discovered playing a
plaintive Norwegian melody. Ole Bull sent the
servant to invite them in. They proved to be
members of the military band at Bergen who
had walked seven miles over tne mountains to
serenade Ole Bulk After partaking of some
refreshments, they proceeded to the music
room, and, at my request, performed some of
the beautiful compositions of Rikhard Nordraak,
a young Norwegiancomposer, who died at the
early age of twenty-four years. His music is
full of tender pathos, and strikingly original.
He was a warm friend of Ole Bull, and his
Opus No. 1 is dedicated to the great violinist.
The Norwegians thoroughly understand the art
of enjoyment. I think, in their social enter-
tainments and amusements, they are ahead of
the Freucb mi Germans, They are prover- I
bially hospitable, especially so in country places.
A strange custom after meals also prevails here,
the guests shake hands all round, and when
they come to the host they say, lak for
madenwhich is equivalent to thank you far
the food. The ho3t responds with Vel he-
kommeor, much good may you receive from
it. The language closely resembles the Eng-
lish, and is easily acquired. Ole Bull will re-
turn to the United States in early autumn, and
give his first concerts in Boston, commencing
on the 23d of September, and in New York the
1st of October. He has presented your corres-
pondent with a magnificent Oremona violin,
made by Amati, in 1616, which is a priceless
souvenir of his visit to Norway' and the gener-
osity of Ole Bull.
Yours truly, J. Fay Watson.
SECOND ANNUAL SESSION OF THE LA-
BOR UNION.
The following call is copied from the Chicago
Workingmens Advocate. It is addressed to
workingmen only; but the voice and action of
some former meetings, and the liberal tone of the
newspapers devoted to the interests of the Union,
lead us confidently to believe that working
women also will be admited to the body, if they
make the proper application.
TO THE WORKINGMEN OF THE UNITED STATES.
Offioe National Labor Union,)
Washington, Aug. 1, 1868. J
FelloW-Workingmen : In accordance with the con-
stitution of the National Labor Union, its second annual
session will be held in New York City on the third Mon-
day in September next (the 21st), commencing at 11
oclock, a.m. You are respectfully invited and urged to
send representatives to this important assemblage of
workingmen, which meets to institute relorms, and to
carry out those already instituted in the interests of the
working masses, and by establishing reciprocal relations
between their different organizations, unite them in a
common effort to protect themselves, and keep back the
enoroachments of centralized wealth upon the rights of
labor, and to secure legislation that will improve their
condition and advance them in the scale oi prosperity
and intelligence.
Organizations that will be entitled to representation,
and the number of delegates to each, are provided for in
Artiole 2, sections 1 and 2, of the constitution, as follows:
Sec. 1. The National Labor Union shall be composed
of such labor organizations as may now or hereafter
exist, having for their object the amelioration of the con-
dition of those who labor for a living.
Sec. 2. Every International or National organization
shall be entitled to three representatives, * *
State organizations to two, and Trades Unions and all
other organizations to one representative in the National
Labor Congress; provided that representatives shall
derive their election from the organization they claim to
represent.
Sec. 3. Ex-representatives, upon presentation of a
certificate of good standing in their organization, shall be
entitled to a voice, without a vote in the National Labor
Congress.
Delegates who may be elected will please immediately <
thereafter inform the Vice-President of the State of New
York of their election, and from him can be obtaiued in-
formation as to the place of assembling of the Congress
and the most desirable place for delegates to stop. His
address is Wm. J. Jessup, No. II Norfolk street. New
York City, J. C. C. Whaley,
President National Labor Union.
Excellent About Gtbls.Can we not bring up oui
girls more usefully, less showily, less dependent oo
luxury and wealth ? Can we not teach them from baby-
hood that to labor is a higher thing than merely to en-
joy ; that even enjoyment itself is nev.er so sweet as
when it is earned ? Can we not put into their minds,
whatever be their station, principles of truth, simplicity
of faste, hopefulness, hatred of waste, and those being
firmly rooted, trust to their blossoming up in whatever
dfstiny the young maidep may be called ?Muloch
GREELEY DUMBFOUNDED.
If, therefore, the women of Kansas, or of any other
state, desire, as a class, to be invested with the right of
suffrage, we hold it their clear right to be. We do not
hold, and cannot admit, that a small minority ol the sex,
however earnest and able, have any such right.N. Y.
Tribune.
BEPLY BY MB. J. Q. THOMPSON.
When pro-slaveryism assumed that A (the white
class), bein (mainly) difforent from and (mainly) superior
to B (the colored class), possessed the innate right to
master B, 3 ou demurred declaring that B (the colored
class) was an integral part of C (mankind), and, there-
fore,all arguments being simply an elaboration of this
conclusion -A (the white class) had no right to master,
control, act for or independent of B than B had A, you
reduced your cosmopolitan philosophy to this concise
syllogism :
1. Republicanism concedes equal bights to all.
2. Individuals, classes, races, and colors are integral
parts of all.
3. Therefore, individuals, classes, races and colors
must necessarily possess equal bights.
That philosophy appealed to the reason of reasoning
men, for it bore on its face that perfect symmetry of ap-
plication which lives alike in the exact sciences &Dd ethics.
The negro, as a class, did not seek political elevation;
not even did he seek freedom. When a small minor-
ity sought these inalienable rights they were met
with arguments which sounded little different from
those advanced by the Tribune.
The philosophy which debars one woman from tbe en -
joyment of Suffrage who actually desires it can debar one
man; and a principle once conceded, does number change
it? I wish the Tribune would enlighten me as to whore
and how it draws the line of demarcation between one
human being and anotherall else but sox being equal-
in its doctrine of the commonhood of humanity and
equal rights to all. J. Q. Thompson.
Washington, D. C., October, 4, 1867.
To this Mr. Greeley tersely replied:
Dear ir : It is simply impossible to find room for
further discussion of female suffrage. *******
And thus Mr. Greeley took leave of it.
WHERE THE MONEY GOES.
Mr. Carey of Ohio, said in a speech at Spring-
field on the 14th inst, that each member of Con-
gress has been presented with a memorial book
of President Lincoln which cost $37 per copy,
and the whole edition of the book cost the gov-
ernment $137,000. Each member ot the House
is entitled to $125 for paper, pens, ink, etc.
They cant have any more uuless they pay their
own money for it. But the Senate is unlimited
as to the amount of these little incidental expen -
ses. They can get just what they please. Mr.
Forney, the Secretary of the Senate, reported,
(there are only fifty-four Senators. November
23to six dozen fine nail brushes, at $4 27
$25 50 ; six dozen fine plated back hair combs,
at $18$108 (for the Senators wives perhaps;
six dozen fine hair brushes at $21 50$129 ;
two dozen fine extra hair brushes at $2448 ;
three dozen hat brushes at $6 50$19 50 ; two
dozen large clothes brushes at $15$30. No-
vember 30thfive dozen morocco pocket-books,
$150, and five dozen card-cases, $42 50. Total,
$552.50. Six dozen morocco portfolios at
$42 50 per dozen, $255; 6 dozen morocco dis-
patch boxes at $76 per dozen, $456; three dozen
more card cases, $27; two dozen morocco card-
cases $7 50 per dozen, $15six dozen mo-
rocco portfolios at $45 per dozen$270; five
dozen pocket-books, $165 ; five dozen pocket
match sales at $15 per dozen$75; six dozen
penknives at $16 per dozen$108 ; nine and
seven-twelfth dozen penknives al $29 80
$285 50 ; three dozen pairs of scissors, $26 50 ;
three dozen scissors at $31 50$60. June 30,
two fine hair brushes at $67 50 per dozen$55;
three dozen fine hair brushes at $21 50 pey
do?en-^$^ 50, and op through^ long list,]


142

Equal Quality (Equality).In Chicago
an elegant bier saloon for ladies has been opened,
which is frequented by numerous members of
the fair sex.Pioneer.
LITERARY.
Atlantic Monthly for September.Reviewers pro-
nounce it one of tbe best numbers ever issued, which is
saying much ; but the hasty glance we have been able to,
give it, inclines us to that belief also. Three dollars per
annum. Boston: Ticknor & Fields. New York: 68 Bleeker
street.
The Herald of Health for September comes this month,
with a large number of articles, all of which will repay a
careful perusal. We may mention particularly a paper on,
Goon Bbeai>, and How to Mark It. This article contains
a large number of new recipes for making wholesome,
and delicious bread, which a vast number of families
never have, and do not know how to make, and probably
never will till they dispense with domestics, or do or'
oversee their own work. $2 per annum, 20 cents per
number. Miller, Wood & Co., Publishers, 15 Llight
street, New York.
The Health Reformer, published monthly at the Health
Reform Institute, Battle Creek, Michigan. Terms, $1 a
year, invariably in advance. An unpretending little
magazine, but crowded lull of excellent matter.
The Nursery.A monthly magazine for young readers,
and one of the best we know. It is adapted to very young
readers; but somehow, it is made so Interesting, that
mothers also take to it, and seem very fond of reading it
to the children. Boston: T. J.Shorey, 13 Washington
etreet. New York: 119 and 121 Nassau street.
Sacred Poems by N. P. Willis, with illustrations by
Merrick, Parsons, Chapman and others^ New York :
Clark and Maynard, 5 Barclay street.
And the prettiest little book of the seasonbut why,
oh! publishers, did you not hold it back for the holidays ?
However it will keep ; not this edition, lor as soon as
it is eben abroad many editions must be demanded.
TBE LABOR SYSTEMCHURCH AND
STATE.
In The Revolution of July 23, C. L.
James, under the head of the Injustice of our
Labor System, has sounded the depths aud
touched the bottom of all our financial and pe-
cuniary troubles. He has probed to the very
bone the sore diseases of poverty and destitu-
tion on the body politic, and has found it all
uosound.
He says, the means of labor are three in
number; 1st, the earth and its crude products
(elements of labor); 2d, time ; 3d, vital energy.
Without these no man can possibly labor * *
It is a potent violation of the natural right to
labor, that the means of labor should be taken
from him.
Mr. James takes the same fundamental ground
that is taken in Sexology, namely, that the
earth (which is the chief element or means of
labor, as it may be said to include all the rest)
is not rightfully a marketable commodity. As
no man made or invented the earth, it does not
belong to him individually ; but as a birthright
it is the rightful inheritance of all its children.
According to natural right, tbe earth belongs
as much to one child as to another. Now, right
here is the great wrong to the laborer and to
society, especially to woman. Man has depriv-
ed woman of the control of all the means of
labor, consequently she has no control of its
products. He has usurped sole right to control
the earth and all its elements, to control the
time of woman and all her vital energy, by pre-
suming both to legislate for her and to execute
upon her his own laws! How long, oh Lord!
how long shall we endure this? Women of
the nineteenth century! it is^for ypu to gay how
long. You can take, with man, co-equal posses-
sion of the earth whenever you will. All the
hosts of heaven are at work lor you. God is
always on tbe right side, on the side of justioe.
We have been false to ourselves through ignor-
ance.
The wrongs of the laborer, whether male or
female, are fundamental in society. No oint-
ment, no salve, no patches on the social body
will cure its diseases, or heal the hurt of the
daughter of my people.
We must have fundamental worka Revolu-
tion that shall be a Revolution. We must have
a reconstructed state, a social edifice, with the
earth itself as a foundation upon which the
fabric cau rest, as a child on the bosom of its
mother. Individual head men have no right to
monopolize the earth, leaving the great body cf
her children without where to lay their indivi-
dual heads. We must have a regenerated church,
which shall be a living, sustaining power, and a
law of conscience and justice to the state, in-
stead of the musty creeds and dead forms that
have been festering at the hearts core of society,
corrupting and destroying the whole social body
by upholding slavery in all its forms.
We do not want a commixed union of Church
and state. Such a combination would produce
a monstrosity of power and despotism, such as
the Papal Church was before the days of Luther.
A combination of two or more unlike elements
always destroys the identity of each, producing
a new element or body wholly unlike either of
its component parts. So a combination of tem-
poral and spirituil power would destroy both,
as the Papal Church and state did partially, and
would wholly have destroyed each other but for
the Reformation which nearly destroyed the civil
power of the church and gave the church a new
lease of life.
We must have the church and we must have
the state as a perfect balance of power to each
other, like the various members of the solar
system, or like the various powers and different
members of the human organism. The church
must be a legislative body, not ruling, but con-
trolling the state as a moral power of conscience
and justice. The state must be the executive
right arm of the church, ruling in its own orbits
of labor and trade, commanding also the army
and navy as long as it is necessary to have
them, to compel respect and obedience to law,
both at home and abroad. Woman represents
the church and must be its bead. Man repres-
ents the state, and must be, as he is, its execu-
tive head.
Let me not be misunderstood. It is not pos-
sible or desirable that all the various orders of
the Christian Church should be swept away in
this new co-operative moral movement. They
will not loose their individuality or identity,
but they will all unite on general fundamental
principles of positive moral truth based upon
the well established laws of nature, which are
the laws of God. Social science and moral
science are the laws of nature outwrought in
human action. These natural moral laws must
be the fundamental principles of government
in church and state. e. o. g. w.
^tuaurial
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE
Greenbacks, for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
laniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping, New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonciei' and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, mwe Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalised Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POS1AGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE KEVOLUTION.
VOL. H.NO. 9.
Talk Among the Brokers In Wall Street.
The talk among the brokers is about the
MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY
aud the injunction, and the appointment of a receiver
made by
JUDGE BARNARD
of the Supreme Court. The talk is that the Companys '
affairs are in a bad way, that the bondholders of the old
La Crosse and Milwaukee Company, having received a
decision in their favor from the United States Supreme
Court, will recover the whole amount ot their claim and
that other
SUITS WILL BREAK UP THE ORGANIZATION OF
THE MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY AS
ILLEGAL
and tainted with fraud. The talk is that the
DEAD BABBIT AND PLUG UGLY OF THE MILWAUKEE
AND ST. PAUL DIRECTORS, FIRE PLUG JAMES,
has quarrelled with some of the other directors about
a pool they were in last spring, that the members
of tbe pool were to take up their stock when requested
and that
ALEXANDER MITCHELL TBE DECENT AND CANNIE
SCOTCH BANKER OF MILWAUKEE, WALTER S.
GUBNEL, BUSSELL SAGE
ail responded promptly and took up their share of the
pool stock when requested, but
FIRE PLUG JAMES, BEING SHORT OF CASH AND WEAK
IN THE KNEES,
could not take up his stock and so it had to be sold, but
nevertheless the
DEAD RABBIT AND THE PLUG UGLY OF THE BOARD
claimed his share of the profits all the same as if he had
carried his stock, which as a matter of course the de-
cent Scotchman and his snarp associates could not see,
so
FIRE PLUG JAMES SUED THEM AND SWORE ETERNAL
VENGEANCE
against them and the
MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY.
The talk is that
FIRE PLUG JAMES
threatens to show up all tbe
FRAUDS AND IRREGULARITIES
in the formation of the
MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY,
unless they do the handsome thing by him, and they in
their turn are determined to show up some of the tittle
RANKING OPERATIONS OF THE PLUG UGLY,
sucb as the
BOONE COUNTY BANK, INDIANA.
and othor similar institutions which figured not very
creditably in times past with
FIRE PLUG JAMES AS THE MAN PULLING THE WIRES
BEHIND THE SCENES.
The talk is that
N, A. SLIPPERY COWDREY



143
put bis foot in it anddamaged the not very brilliant re-
putation of the company by
GETTING THE HERALD TO PUBLISH
a garbled copy of
JUDGE NELSONS DECISION
in the United States Supreme Court against the
MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL COMPANY,
that a man is unfit for a trustee who thus would attempt
to impose on the public and
STAB IN THE DARK
at the reputation of
JUDGE BARNARD,
by saying his injunction and appointment of a receiver
were opposed to the
DECISION OP JUDGE NELSON,
when in point of iact Ihey were in unison with it. The
talk is
FIRE PLUG JAMES, SLIPPERY COWDREY AND RUS-
SELL THE SAGE MAKE A BEAUTIFUL TRINITY
of reliable and dear boys that will
PICK UP THE CHIPS
when they come in their way. The talk is that the banks
and money lenders of Wall street know them pretty
well and all about the
BOONE COUNTY BANK, INDIANA,
and other similar institutions which went up higher
than a kite with
EIRE PLUG JAMES
as a disinterested spectator. The talk is that
RUFUS THE RUEFUL
is spreading himself and his friend in
ROCK ISLAND
as they cannot get anybody to deal in the
NORTH-WEST SHARES.
The talk is that
CHAPLAIN HATCH
had better get out another lithographio cireular of the
comparative earnings per mile of the North west with
other roads. The talk is that tbe
ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY
is managed by the
HONEST QUARTETTE OF THE ERIE EU KLUX ELAN
composed of
CIRCUS CLOWN TIN PEDLAR FISK, CHARLES M.
LEUPP GOULD, GAMBLER THOMPSON, AND
SQUINTY LANE,
and that the rest of the board consists of highly
RESPECTABLE INCOMPETENTS
who are of no account any how as far as the Erie Bail-
road Companys affairs are concerned, that it is a
DISGRACE TO THE COUNTRY
that a great company like Erie should be in Hie hands
of such persons that command
NEITHER THE RESPECT NOR CONFIDENCE
of anybody. The talk is that Erie must continue to ge
down so long as it is controlled by them. The talk is
that the
CLOSING OF THE ERIE COMPANYS BOOKS
before the time bears on the face of it
DISHONEST TRICKERY AND A CRIMINAL DISREGARD
of the rights of stockholders that reflect discredit on
every director.
THE MONEY MARKET
continues easy at 3 to 4 per cent, on call, with exceptions
at 2 per cent, for large amounts on governments. Dis-
counts are 6# to 7# per cent. The weekly bank state-
ment is more favorable than was expected, and shows
a continuation of contraction.
The following table shows the changes in the New
Yor i city banks compared with the preceding week :
Aug. 22.
Loans, $275,245,781
Specie, 19,768,681
Circulation, 34,137,627,
Deposits, 216,435,405
L3gal-tonders, 69,757,645
Aug. 29. Differences.
$271,780,726 Dec. $3,465,055
16,949,108 Dec. 2,819.573
34,112,139 Dec. 25,488
210,334,646 Dec. 6,200,759
67,757,376 Dec, 2,000,269
THE GOLD MARKET
was quiet and steady throughout the week, and at the
dose became dull, there being little disposition to operate
either long or short, and the general tendenc y of the mar-
ket is downwards.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows : Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 22, 144 144# 143# 144#
Monday, 24, 144# 145# 144# 145#
Tuesday, 25, 145# 146 144# 144#
Wednesday, 26, 144# 145 144 145
, Thursday, 27, H4# 145# 144# 144#
Friday, 28, 145# 145# 144# 145#
Saturday, 29, 144# 145 144# 144#
Monday, 31, J 145 145 144# 144#
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
is weak and lower. Prime bankers 60 days sterling bills
being quoted 108# 109, and sight 109# to 109#. Francs
on Paris bankers long 4.17# to 5.16# and short 5.15 to
5.13#.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was irregular throughout the week, and the temporary
advance in prices in some of the leading stocks was
caused mainly by the cliques. Erie was weak at the close
at 46, and the general indications are, that owing to the
coatinued bank contraction, prices will have a further
decline.
Musgrave &;Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 45# to 45#; Boston W. P., 15# to 15# ;
Cumberland, 29 to30; Quicksilver, 20# to 21#; Mari-
posa, 2 to 4; Mariposa preferred, 7 to 8 ; Pacific Mail,
101#to 101# ; W. U. Tel., 34 to 34#; N. Y. Central, 125#
to 125%; Erie, 46 to 46#; preferred, 70 to 71; Hudson
River, 140 to 141 ; Reading, 90# to 90# ; Wabash,
53# to 53#; Mil. & St. P., 76# to 77; do. preferred 83#
to 84 ; Fort Wayne, 108 to 108#; Ohio & Miss., 28#
to 29; Mich. Cen., 118 to 120 ; Mich. South, 84# to 85;
111. Central, 144 to 146 ; Pittsburg, 86# to 86# ; Toledo,
101# to 101#; Rook Island, |101# to 101#; North
Western, 83 to 83#; do preferred, 83 to 83#.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were more active and stronger at the close, with a gene-
ral advance in prices throughout the entire list of 1 to 1#
per cent, above those of last week.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Beg. 1881, 113# to 114; Coupon, 1881, 114# to
114#; Beg. 5-20, 1862,108# to 108# ; Coupon, 5-20
1862,113# to 114 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1854,109# to 109#;
Coupon, 5-20,1865, 111# to 111# ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865
Jan. and July, 108# to 108#; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
107# to 108 ; Coupon, 5 -20, 1868, 108# to 108# ;
Coupon, 10-40, Beg., 104 to 104# ; 10-40 Coupon, 108#
to 109 ; September Compounds, 1865, 119# ; October
Compounds, 1865,118#.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for tbe week were $3,106,000 in gold against $2,940,338,
$2,830,432, and $2,549,000 the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $6,198,59 7
in gold against $6,644,290 $4,312,898 and $6,046,093 ior
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $3,568,654 in currency against $2,772,263, $2,5u9,-
312, mid $2,505,994 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $492,034 against $648,923 $653,498,
and $2,896,532 for the preceding weeks.
Misses abbie t. crane,
FRANCES KETCHAM, and
LAURA E. BOWER,
DESIGNERS and ENGRAVERS ON WOOD
763 BROADWAY.
r£ O INVESTORS.
SEVEN PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD.
PRINCIPAL ALSO PAYABLE IN GOLD.
The First Mortgage Bonds of the Rockford, Rock
Island and St. Louis Railroad Company, as an Invest-
ment Security, combining perfect safety, cheapness,
and profit, are unequalled by anything offered in the
market.
They pay seven per cent, interestFebruary 1 and
August 1m gold coin, free of government tax. The
principal is also payable in gold.
The bonds have fifty years to run, and are convertible
into stock at the option of the holder. A sinking-fund
is provided sufficient to pay off the whole mortgage at
maturity.
Each bond is for $1,000, or £200 sterling. Interest is
payable in New York or London, at the option of the
holder.
These bonds are fully secured, being a first lien of
$5,000,000 upon 200 miles of railway, costing $10,000,-
000, and traversing the finest district of Illinois ; also
upon 20,000 acres of land, estimated to contain luO.OOO,-
000 tons oi coal. These lands, on tbe completion of the
railroad through them, will be worth more than the
whole amount of the mortgage.
For all the Coal this Company can produce there is a
ready market; 1,000 miles of railway and the popula-
tion of 30,000 square miles of territory can be supplied
with fuel from its mines more readily and cheaply than
from any otber quarter.
One-half of the means required for the construction
and equipment of the railroad, and for tbe purchase of
coal lands, is derived from the sale of capital slock, to
which large subscriptions are made along the line of
road and elsewhere.
The work of construction is proceeding with great
rapidity, and the first division of fiity miles, giving ah
outlet to the coal, will be in full operation by 1st Jan-
uary next.
The estimated earnings of ibis line of railway, with
its coal business, are three-fold what will be required to
pay interest on its bonds.
The trustee tor the bondholders is the Union Trust
Company of New York.
At 95, the present price, and with gold at 40 pre-
mium, the bonds pay an income of over 10 per cent,
per annum.
For sale at tbe office of tbe Company, 12 Wall street.
Governments and other securities received in ex-
change.
H. H. BOODY Treasurer.
rjlHE UPRIGHT PATENT TRUNK
Does not have to be removed from the wall to open it.
Instead of trays to lift out, it is arranged with drawers,
made very light and strong.
It is much stronger, as only a small portion opens,
whereas in the old style the whole top comes off.
The same room in the bottom of tbe trunk for dresses
and heavy clothing as in the old style.*
THE UPRIGHT PATENT TRUNK COMPANY,
W
OMEN ARTISTS.
MISS S. E. PULLER,
WOOD ENGRAVER,
863 BROADWAY.
WOMENS CO-OPERATIVE PRINTING
UNION,
517 CLAY STREET, SAN FRANCISCO,
Over Bulletin Editorial Rooms.
No. 6 Barclay Street,
Next door to the Astor House.
J^R. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, N. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo -
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and aHygicnic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
PRINTING EXECUTED IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.
AGNES B. PETERSON.
Business Manager,
THE NEW METHOD OP TEACHING
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 39th
may be had by addressing the authoress,
iMRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
_, _ Hudson City, New Jersey,


144

750 MILES
or ZEE
stwaed the stab of empire
TAKES ITS WAY!
J^"ORTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class m every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Eapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probablo that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera,
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road; also United
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sur-
mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amountmay
be paid in services rendered by the Company in irans
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNINGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 30,1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are nb indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
hut they certainly prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
ABE ENTIBELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Companys Office in the city of New York, at
the rate of six per cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 1Q2, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value of these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a long bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, anu re-
serve the right to advance the price at any tine. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
SECURE A HOME IN THE GOLDEN
STATE!
THE IMIGBANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION OF
CALIFORNIA,
Incorporated under the laws of the State, November
30 tb, 1867, for (he purpose of providing
HOMES FOB ITS MEMBERS,
and promoting imigration.
Capital Stock.....................$1,000,000
Divided in 200,000 shares at $5 each, payable in
U. S. CURRENCY.
Certificates of stock issued to subscribers immediately
upon receipt of the money.
NO PERSON ALLOWED XO HOLD MORE THAN FIVE SHARES.
Circular containing a full description of the property
to be distributed among the shareholders will be sent to
any address, upon receipt of stamps to cover return
postage.
Information as to price of land in any portion of the
State, or upon any other subject of interest to parties
proposing to imigrate cheerfully furnished upon receipt
of stamps for postage.
All letters should be addressed
SECRETARY IMIGBANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION,
Post Office Box.No. 86,
San Francisco, California.
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW TORE.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturiug business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy'
terms for improvement.
Also Uoo Farms for sale in Monmouth County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, I Park Place, New '
York.
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal,
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
worid. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be had of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
229 BROADWAY, Corner Barclay Street,
NEW YORK.
THE FIRST INSTITUTION OF ITS RIND IN THE
WORLD
To devise aud offer to the Insuring Public
ABSOLUTE SECURITY WITH THE LARGESS?
LIBERTY.
POLICIES SECURED BY PLEDGE OF PUBLIC
STOCKS,
Like the circulation of Natioual Banks, by being
REGISTERED
IN NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT.
Contain none of the Usual Restrictions
IN TRAVEL, RESIDENCE, OR THE ORDINARY
EMPLOYMENTS,
Anywhere outside the Torrid Zone.
officers :
N. D. MORGAN, Pres. T. T. MERWIN, Vicc-Pres.
J. W. MERRILL, Secy. GEO. ROWLAND, Actuary.
JiARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
~p|~ENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New Yobs.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use. at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
"pRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y ______________________New York.
EN EDICTS
TRADE TIME Mare
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BKOTHEES,
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY'
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in dratts or other funds
par in New York, Mid the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for their safe delivery'.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
lished by the Company, giving fuller information than
possible.in an advertisement, respecting the Progress of
the Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value oi the
Bonds, which will he sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN cF* CISCO, Treasurer,
August 12,1969, New York,
jyjr ATHILDA A. McCOKD,
513 CHESTNUT STREET,
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
KEEPS ON HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT OF
SPIRITUAL AND LIBERAL BOOKS,
PAMPHLETS AND PERIODICALS.
ALSO A SUPPLY OF STATIONERY, ETC.
JBSF The patronage of friends and the public gene-
rally is respectfully solicited. 4-9
jy/jps! MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUJS, MO.,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to al
diseases of women, and o the duties of an Accoucheuse,
QB E A P PRINTING,
33 Re§kirie*u St top floor
Up-Town, New Store,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
BENEDICT BROS., Jewelers, 171 Broadway.
BENEDICT BROS., Brooklyn, 234 Fulton St.
Sole Agents for the Remohtoir Church Clocks. Also
Agent's for the American'Walfcbam Watches.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact; time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce'it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases, Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
691 BROADWAY,