Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, TJ7BIR RIGHTS ATSD NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
YOL. n.NO. 'll.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1868. WHOLE NO. 37.
Cl)t Mriuiliitiiii!.
1
l&JBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
'
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) tfl4#rtva
PARKER PILLSBURY, J U^Uitois.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sum% checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay.
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
. * ' POST-OFFICE MONEY ORDERS
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all tbe
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remittiDg
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been seni to us with-
out any loss.
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, whicii went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.*
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of the postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS!
To any person sending us the names of one hundred
n'ew subscribers and two hundred dollars, we will give
a warranted
HUNTING CASE GOLD WATCH,
which cost seventy-five dollars.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, W6 Will
give one copy of
REBJGCCA; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Woman's Enfranchisement.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, W6 Will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. ELIZABETH CADY STAN-
TON, ANNA E. DICKINSON, or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
Power of the Press.rTrumpet tongued go
our words for good or ill, singing forever
through the centuries. An Irish lady writing
from the interior of India asks : Did you see
that article in the Saturday Review, some time
ago, called The Girl of the Period ? It was
spiteful and untrue ; but Captain---- tells me
it has done an immense deal of harm away out
here. It has been translated into Hindustani,
and the people are all asking, Why should
we educa te our women, if that is tbe result of
oducation on English Women ?
EDITORIAL CORRESP OPDENOE.
.Vineland, N. J., Sept. 6, 1868.
We have heard nothing of New Jersey for
the last lour years (if we except sidewalk
suffrage for women) but Vineland, Vine-
land! lands for sale in Vineland; peaches,
pears and grapes, melons and sweet potatoes
from Vineland ; the progressive men and wo-
men, fairs, conventions and editorial dinnersin
Vineland.
We had heard so much of the place, and the
name is so suggestive of beauty and luxury, that
our curiositywas on tiptoe to see Vineland. At
last some good angel called a womans conven-
tion theve, and we were invited to attend.
Accordingly, with our proprietor Susan B.
Anthony, we left New York with all its vile and
varied odors, noise and dust, for this sweet
Paradise of fruits and flowers, and of true men
and women. At the depot we met Mr. and Mrs.
John Gage, relatives of Frances D. Gage, and
the good Mr. Campbell, the special patron of
progress and free platforms, who escorted us to
the hotel, where we were introduced to Mrs. R.
C. Reed, who invited us ,at once to her charm-
ing home and entertained us most hospitably
on luscious peaches and melons. We found her
a woman of great foroe, independence and ori-
ginality. She gave us an amusing account of
tbe Agricultural Society of Vineland.
It seems the department of fruits ana flowers
had been left, from the beginning of that town
to the absolute jurisdiction of' women, and the
proceeds of the fair had been equally divided
between the sexes.
Three years ago, the men bethoiight them-
selves tljat they were giving too large a share of
the profits to the women, and reduced it one-
half. The next year the lines were drawn still
tighter, and this year the women were wholly
ignored, tbe men taking everything under their
own supervisfon.
When the lords of New Jersey played a simi-
lar prank with Womans Suffrage rights, the an-
cient dames tamely submitted to disfranchise-
ment, but, unlike them, their daughters promptly
summoned their forces in council, and puolicly
announced that they would hold a fair of fruits
and flowers, as usual.
They appointed it on the same day the men
had theirs, and decided among themselves that
henceforth they would enjoy the proceeds and
the glory of their own labor and skill. This
was a coup deiett the men had not lookod for,
and it speedily brought them to terms. They
knew that separate halls with separate fees
and interests wonld be very distasteful and con-
fusing to visitors, and that the ladies fair would
be the most attractive ; moreover, as they prided
themselves in their progressive views, they did
not wish the disagreeable fact of war between
tbe men and women of Vineland to go forth to
tbe world, lest it should injure the prospects of
he thriving town, in discouraging all young
women of merit and means from coming to so-
journ in their midst.
The dear men were greatly exercised in mind.
They, too, called a council of war, and after a
long and solemn consultation, decided that
this passage through the fiery ordeal of womans
equality is trying to the souls of men, but as it
must needs come it is the part of wisdom to
submit as gracefully in the future as they have
in the past.
Accordingly a flag of truce was sent to their
indignant dames and daughters ; they humbly
apologized for all their agricultural transgres-
sions, and said if they would unite with them on
the comiug occasion, they would not. only sit at
their feet to learn wisdom as humbly as did So-
crates at those of Diomede?, but they should
have half the proceeds of the fair. We are
happy to report that the women gladly forgave
their returning and repenting sires and sons,
and received them again into their love and
confidence with open- arms, and everything is
moving in thai earthly Eden as harmoniously as
ever.
Now, do not allow this incident, dear reader,
to prejudice your mind against the men of
^ineland, for we can ae-yiiro you they are as
noble a class of men as ever met, and we
should say very handsome, too, if we had not
been so sorely ridiculed by spiteful editors for
telling the women of the republic of the hand-
some .men in Oongress. We had three large
and enthusiastic meetings in the Hall of Pro-
gress, or Plum Hall, over which Mrs. Deborah
Butler presided with much grace and dignity.
The debates'on the questions of Womans Rights
and the True Basis of Reconstruction were
both lively and earnest. As the town is chiefly
republican, an expose of that partys record on
the woman question was by no means palatable
to the audience, and -quite a spicy discussion
arose on the comparative merits of the leading
parties.
When Miss Anthony wa3 soliciting sub-
scribers for The Revolution, some one called
out, which party gives yon the most sub-
scribers? The republicans, of course, she
promptly replied ; you know the rank and file
of the democracy do hot read. Another called
out why do you not lash the democrats in-
stead ot criticizing us all the time? We
leave that, she replied, for you to do. The
occupation of the republican party would be
gone, if we should turn our guns on the demo-
cracy.
With their acknowledged power, their over-
whelming majorities, their eloquent speakers,
their extensive press, all devoted to the cruci-
fixion of the unhappy democrats, it would
be a work of supererogation for ns to devote
our feeb e powers to a work tbe republicans and
abolitionists are doing so earnestly and so well.
While the liberals are educating the democrats
to throw off the grosser torms of slavery and
oppression, we must in turn educate them into
a hatred of its more subtle formsthe cun-
ning legislation by which the rich are made


162
s
!$fu §Uw0lttti0n.
richer and the poor poorer, by which capital op-
presses labor and man woman. Verily our
hands and hearts are full in trying to convert the
very elect to the American idea of individual
rights, the equality of all citizens in a republic.
We have no time to belabor democrats into the
partial idea ot equal rights for races.
Throughout the meetings the greatest good
nature was preserved among ali parties, and at
the close a generous collection was taken up for
the cause of Womans Suffrage, and over fifty
subscribers received for The Revolution.
In company with Mr. and Mrs. John Gage
and their son, we had a beautiful drive round
Ymeland. The town is regularly laid out, the
streets are at right angles, wide and lined with
trees. The roads, being a sandy gravel, are good
the year rotund. The style of building is neat and
in good taste, and as hedges are set out on all
sides, but few fences are to be seen. This
makes the village, which is a mile square, look
like one beautiful garden.
Vineland, in every respect, more than realized
our expectations ; and if it could only secure a
railroad direct to New York, it would fiud here
a grand market for its vegetables and fruits, and
New Yorkers could find there most pleasant
homes. With a direct road, it would be only
four hours from New York, whereas now it takes
the greater part of a day in going round by
Philadelphia.
New Jersey is a striking illustration of the
bad policy of allowing a few men to monopo-
lixe large tracts of land, for in holding it tor
speculation, they prevent immigration and im-
provement, and thus ensure the poverty of a
state. In riding miles and miles over those beau-
tiful plains without seeing a house or an acre of
cultivated land, one plight easily imagine him-
self on the outposts of civilization rather than
in the heart of a populous country.
There is one great and grand feature of social
life in Vineland we must not overlook. No li-
cense is granted in the whole town, hence they
have no drinking saloons and no rowdy element
about the streets. Wives and children never have
the mortification there of seeing husbands and
fathers reeling home, to curse and abuse them.
We have often wondered if drunken menin their
sober moments ever think of the tears and
blushes of their young sons and daughters over
the degradation of those whose names they bear,
or the hopeless despair of refined and virtuous
wives, who find themselves in the closest rela-
tions with those whose animal appetites have
crushed out all that is noble and Godlike in
their natures. Oh, what a sin against all Gods
Jaws it is for any woman to consent to such
a relation, thus to propagate morbid appetites,
vice and crime, misery and death. So long as
woman will marry any type of manhood for
bread and a home, we need not wonder that
politicians, for party success, give us the same
type for our rulers. Drunkards are not fit to
be the heads of families or nations, to lead a
political party, or an army, or fco be set up in
places of honor as examples to the rising gen-
eration. If the virtue of this nation is ever to
be lifted up, it is to be done by the education,
elevation and enfranchisement of its women.
Men are what their mothers make them. If
amen aaunot govern himself, he is not fit to
govern a nation, or to be trusted with any place
of responsibility. A greater part of all the ac-
cidents on land and sea, in railroads, steam-
boats and manufactories, are the result of drunk-
enness, and yet we commit the public life and
weal to giddy brains and trembling hands, and I
wonder at the wreck of life and hope in the
family and the nation, we on all sides weep to-
day.
We met the Rev. Mr. Clute in Vineland. He
has a flourishing Unitarian congregation, and
they have appointed a woman delegate to the
Unitarian Convention, to be held here October
6th. In the course of conversation, Mr. Clute
told Miss Anthony that she converted him to
Womans Rights, by a speech in an educational
convention when he was seventeen years old.
Miss Anthony has good reason to rejoice over
so bright a star in her crown.
The democratic editor, Mr. Lansing, and
some of his relations, representatives of the
Dutch aristocracy from Albany, attended one of
our meetings, and became quite interested in the
subject. We were introduced to the ladies at
the depot, and travelled with them to Philadel-
phia, and were happy to' hear that they had
been introduced to The Revolution. Mr.
Lansing promised us that he would occasionally
say a good word for our cause. As men are
sometimes forgetful, the ladies of Vineland
must see that he fulfills his promise. We found
him a very liberal, good-natured democrat, and
we have no doubt, with a little watching, he will
yet do valiant service for the enfranchisement
of women.
We were pleased to learn that many women
in Vineland wear the Bloomer costume; some as
a constant dress, and others for exercise only,
and that it is quite common for them to work in
the open air. Some gardens were pointed out
to us that had been made entirely by women.
If we hope to see another generation of
American women, there must be some move made
with reference to the dress, and exercise of our
young girls. One dressfor the parlor, mid another
for exercise, will not do; most girls would rather
go without exercise than change their dress two
or three times a day. Health without daily exer-
cise is impossible, and proper exercise in the
present dress is equally impossible. And now
the question is, shall the woman b6 sacrificed to
the rags, or the rags to the woman. Carlyle, in
his Sartor resortus, tells us there was a time in
the history of the race, when man was primary
and his rags secondary, why not realize such a
time for women in this free republic.
We met, too, in Vineland some of the dear
faces that gladdened the old church i n Seneca
Falls the day we held the first Woman's Rights
Convention in 1848. Who that has worked in
the reforms the last thirty years has not heard
of the names of Margaret Pryor, Mary Ann
McClintock and Elizabeth McClintock Phillips.
They greeted ns warmly, and we had a most
pleasant interview, recalling the scenes of the
past, especially the pitfalls and blunders of that
first convention, ignorant, as we all were, of the
iraming of speeches, resolutions and declara-
tions. In spite of the humiliation and chagrin
in belonging to an ostracised class, and the
odium and ridicule that ever falls on those
who propose an onward step, we have had our
share of amusement in pressing womans claim
to equality, on a heedless and perverse genera-
tion. As one recalls the twaddle with which
small men, with red faces and bristling beards
have inveighed against each onward step by
;woman ; the prayers and piteous pleadings with
which they have warned ns against the demor-
alization of a place in the great world by their
side; the conjurations and denunciations of
those who, setting aside nature, law and gospel,
and walked oul of their appropriate sphere.
When one thinks of all the sermons and essays on
woman, of all the barricadings of churches,
schools, colleges, trades and professions, all
sense of injustice and oppression is lost sight of
in the contemplation of the nonsense and folly
of what men say and on in this question.
It is truly ludicrous to think what a fluttering
we created in the press, the pulpit, the bar, the
Legislature of this country, the day we sent forth
our declaration of rights from that first conven-
tion. And what a tune we had writing it! As-
sembled in Mrs. McClintocks parlor in Water-
loo, we looked over the declarations of the
societies we could find, but none touched our
case, until at last, some one suggested our
Fathers of 1776. After a careful reading, it was
pronounced by all to he just the thing. On ex-
amination we found our fathers had eighteen
grievances! How could we, brought up in the
lap of luxury, find that number. We all knew
that women must have more grievances than
men, in the nature of things, but what they were
was the question. However, after hours of dili-
gent searching, of creeds, codes, customs and
constitutions, we were rejoiced to find that we
could make out as good a bill of impeachment
against our sires and sons as they had against
old King George.
One precocious white male, a son of Mrs.
McClintock, who-had overheard us laughing at
the difficulty of finding our grievances, put his
head in the door, and maliciously remarked,
Your grievances must be very grievous indeed,
if it takes you so long to find them. This youth
is now the father of a family, smoothing the
wheels of fortune mid the oils wells of Pennsyl-
vania.
The women in Vineland are determined to ex-
ercise their right of suffrage this fall, for they
claim that the proceedings of the Legislature
were illegal, when, without amending the consti-
tution, they passed a law disfranchising all
women and negroes. The constitution of New
Jersey gave all persons a voice in the gov-
ernment of the state, but it was changed by an
arbitrary act of the Legislature, and not by the
voice of the whole people. The women of
Vineland are determined, if their votes are re-
fused, to test this matter in the courts; so, gen-
tlemen, hasten to a speedy revision of your, evil
deeds, for remember, if this matter goes into
the Supreme Court, Chief-Justice Chase is
pledged to see justice done to woman.
P.S. We were glad to find that our friend,
Mrs. E. A. Kingsbury, wbo has been an agent
for The Revolution for some time, has pur-
chased a home for herself in Vineland, N. J.,
All letters will reach her there. e. c. s.
Woman as Writer.The brilliant articles
in the London Pall Mall Gazette on Woman,
written with great brilliancy, are from the pen
of a daughter of the late Mrs. John Stuart Mill,
by her first husband. She is Mr. Mills private
secretary, and a contributor to the Westminster
Review. These articles, together with those
published in the Saturday Review, have turned
the public attention of England to the woman
question in such a way as that the object
sought is not likely now to be long withheld.
Ocelebrities.Among distinguishedbachelors
were the following noted men : Michael Angelo,
Boyle, Newton, Locke, Bayle, Shenstone, Leib-
nitz, Hobbes, Voltaire, Pope, Adam Smith,
Thomson, Akenside, Arbuthnofc, Hume, Gib-
bon, Cower, Goldsmith, Charles Lamb, Wash-
ington Irving, John Baptist and St. Paul.


THE BIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONE CRAFT1790.
CHAPTER VI.
THE EFFECT WHICH AN EARLY ASSOCIATION OF
IDEAS HAS UPON THE CHARACTER.
Educated in the enervating style recom-
mended by the winters on whom I have been
animadverting ; and not having a chance, from
their subordinate state in society, to recover
their lost ground, is it surprising tbat women
everywhere appear a defect in nature? Is it
surprising, when we consider what a determi-
nate effect an early association of ideas has on
the character, that they neglect their under-
standings, and turn all their attention to their
persons ?
The great advantages which naturally result
from storing the mind with knowledge, are ob-
vious from the following considerations. The
association of our ideas is either habitual or in-
stantaneous ; and the latter mode seems rather
to depend on the original temperature of the
mind than on the will. When the ideas, and
matters of fact, are once taken in, they lie by
for use, till some fortuitous circumstance makes
the information dart into the mind with illus-
trative force, that has been received at very differ-
ent periods of our lives... Like the lightnings
flash are many recollections ; one idea assimil-
ating and explaining another,' with astonishing
rapidity. I do not now allude to that quick
perception of truth, which is so intuitive that it
baffles research, and makes us at alossto deter-
mine whether it is reminiscence or ratiocina-
tion, lost sight of in its celerity, that opens the
dark cloud. Over those instantaneous associa-
tions we have little power; for when the
mind is once enlarged by excursive flights, or
profound reflection, the raw materials, will, in
some degree, arrange themselves. The under-
standing, it is true, may keep us from going
out of drawing when we group our thoughts, or
transcribe from the imagination the warm
sketches of fancy ; but the animal spirits, the
individual character give the coloring. Over
this subtile electric fluid,* how little power do
we possess, and over it how little power can
reason obtain! These fine intractable spirits
appear to be the essence of genius, and beam-
ing in its eagle eye, produce in the most immi-
nent degree the happy energy of associating
thoughts that surprise, delight, and instruct.
These are the glowing minds that concentrate
pictures for their fellow-creatures ; forcing them
to view with interest the objects reflected from
the impassioned imagination, which they passed
over in naiure.
I must be allowed to explain myself. The gen-
erality of people cannot see or feel poetically,
they want fancy, and therefore fly from solitude
in search of sensible objects ; but when an au-
thor lends them his eyes, they can see as he
saw, and be amused by images they could not
select, though lying before them.
Education thus only supplies the man of
genius with knowledge to give variety and con-
trast to his associations ; but there is an habit-
ual association of ideas,'that grows with our
* I have sometimes, when inclined to laugli at ma-
terialists, ashed whether, as-the most powerful effects in
nature are apparently produced by fluids. the magnefic,
eto., the passion might not be fine volatile fluids that
embraced humanity, keeping the more refractory ele-
mentary parts togetheror whether they were simply a
liquid Are that pervaded the more sluggish materials
g iving them life and heat ?
It* JUvtfltttitftt.
growth, which has a great effect on the moral
character of mankind ; and by which a turn is
given to the mind, that commonly remains
throughout life. So ductile is the understand-
ing, and yet so stubborn, that the associations
which depend on adventitious circumstances,
during the period that the body takes to arrive
at maturity, can seldom be disentangled by rea-
son. One idea calls up another, its old asso-
ciate, and memory, faithful to the first impres-
sions, particularly when the intellectual powers
are not employed to cool our sensations, retraces
them with mechanical exactness.
This habitual slavery, to first impressions, has
a more baneful effect on the female than the
male character, because business and other dry
employments of the understanding, tend to
deaden the feelings and break associations that
do violence to reason. But females, who are
made women of when they are mere children,
and brought back to childhood when they ought
to leave the go-cart for ever, have not sufficient
strength of mind to efface the superinductions
of art that have smothered nature.
Everything that they see or hear serves to fix
impressions, call forth emotions, and associate
ideas, that give a sexual character to the mind.
False notions of beauty and delicacy stop the
growth of their limbs and produce a sickly
soreness, rather than delicacy of organs; and
thus weakened by being employed in unfolding
instead of examining the. first associations,
forced on them by every surrounding object,
how can they attain the vigor necessary to en-
able them to throw off their factitious charac-
ter ?where find strength to recur to reason and
rise superior to a system of oppression that
blasts the fair promises of spring?' This cruel
association of ideas, which everything conspires
to twist into all their habits of thinking, or to
speak with more precision, of feeling, receives
new force when they begin to act a little for
themselves ; for they then perceive, that it is
only through their address to excite emotions in
men that pleasure and power are to be obtained.
Besides all the books professedly written for
their instruction, which make the first impres-
sion on their mind, all inculculate the same
opinions, Educated in worse than Egyptian
bondage, it is unreasonable, as well as cruel, to
upbraid them with faults that can scarcely be
avoided, unless a degree of native vigor be
supposed, that falls to the lot of very few
amongst mankind. -
For instance, the severest sarcasms have been
levelled against the sex, and they have been
ridiculed for rep sating a set of phrases learnt
by rote," when nothing could be more natural,
considering the education they receive, and that
their highest praise is to obey unargued
the will of man. If they are not allowed to
have reason sufficient to govern their own con-
duct, why, all they learn must be learned by
rote! And when all their ingenuity is called
forth to adjust their dress, a passion for a
scarlet coat is so natural that it never sur-
prised me ; and allowing Popes summary of
their character to be just, that every woman
is at heart a rake, why should they be bitterly
censured for seeking a congenial mind, and pre-
ferring a rake to a man of sense ?
Rakes know how to work on their sensibility,
whilst the modest merit of reasonable men has,
of course, less effect on their feelings, and they
cannot reach the heart by the way of the under-
standing, because they have few sentiments in
common.
It seems & little absurd to expect women to be
163
more reasonable than men in their liJcings, an 1
still to deny them the uncontrolled use of
reason. When do men fall in love with
sense? When do they, .with their superior
powers and advantages, turn from the person to
the mind? And how can they then expect wo-
men, who are only taught to observe behavior,
and acquire manners rather than morals, to de-
spise what they have been all their lives laboring
to attain ? Where are they suddenly to find
judgment enough to weigh patiently the sense
of an awkward virtuous man, when his man-
ners, of which they are made critfcal judges,
are rebuffing, and his conversation cold and
dull, because it does not consist of pretty repar-
tees or well-turned compliments? In order to
admire or esteem anything for a continuance,
we must, at least, have our curiosity excited by
knowing, in some degree, what we admire;
for we are unable to estimate the value of
qualities and virtues above our comprehen-
sion. Such a respect, when it is felt, may be
very sublime ; and the confused consciousness
of humility may render the dependent creature
an interesting object, m some points of view;
but human love must have grosser ingredients ;
and the person very naturally will come in for
its shareand an ample share it mostly has!
Love is, in a great degree, an arbitrary pas-
sion, and will reign *like some other stalking
mischiefs, by its own authority, without deign-
ing to reason ; and it may also be easily distin-
guished from esteem, the foundation of friend-
ship, because it is often excited by evanescent
beauties and graces, though to give an energy
to the sentiment something mote solid must
deepen their impression and set the. imagina-
tion to work, to make the 'most fairthe first
good.
Common passions are excited by common
qualities. Men look for beauty and the simper
of good-humored docility: women are capti-
vated by easy manners : a gentleman-like man
seldom fails to please them, and their thirsty
ears eagerly drink the insinuating nothings of
politeness, whilst they turn from the unintelli-
gible sounds of the charmerreason, charm he
never so wisely. With respect to superficial ac-
complishments, the rake, certainly has the ad-
vantage ; and of these, females can form an
opinion, for it is their own ground. Rendered
gay and giddy by the whole tenor of their lives,
the very aspect of wisdom, or the severe graces
of virtue must have a lugubrious appearance to
them; and produce a kind of restraint from
which they and love, sportive child, naturally
revolt. Without taste, excepting of the lighter
kind, for taste is the offspring of judgment,
how can they discover that true beauty and
grace must arise from the play of the mind
and how can they be expected to relish in a
lover what they do not, or very imperfectly,
possess themselves ? The sympathy that unites
hearts, and invites to confidence in them is so
very faint, that it cannot take fire, and thus
mount to passion. No, I repeat it, the love
cherished by such minds, must have grosser
fuel.
The inference is obvious ; till women are led
to exercise their understandings, they should
not be satirized for their attachment to rakes ;
nor even for being rakes at heart, when it ap-
pears to be the inevitable consequence of their
education. They who live to please must find
their enjoyments, their happiness, in pleasure!
It is a trite, yet true, remark, that we never do
anything well, unless we love it for its own sake.
Supposing, however,, for a moment, that wo-


16
men were, in some future revolution of time, to
become what I sincereiy wish them to be, even
love would acquire more serious dignity, and be
purified in its own fires; and virtue giving true
delicaoy to their affections, they would turn
with disgust from a rake. Reasoning then, as
well as feeling, the only province of woman, at
present, they might easily guard against ex-
terior graces, and quickly learn to despise the
sensibility that had been excited and hackneyed
in the ways of women, whose trade was vice,
and allurements wanton airs. They would re-
collect that the flame (one must use appro-
priate expressions) which they wished to light
up, had been exhausted by lust, and that the
sated appetite, losing all relish for pure and
simple pleasures, could only he roused by li-
centious arts of variety. What satisfaction
Gould a woman of delicacy promise herself in a
union with such a man, when the very artless-
ness of her affection might appear insipid?
Thus does Dryden describe the situation
Where love is duty on the female side,
On theirs mere sensual gust, ai,d sought with surly
pride."
But one grand truth women have yet to learn,
though much it imports them to act accordingly.
In the choice of a husband they should not bo
led astray by the qualities of a loverfor a lover
the husband, even supposing him to be wise
and virtuous, cannot long remain.
Were women more rationally educated, could
they take a more comprehensive view of things,
they would be contented to love but once in their
lives; and after marriage calmly let passion sub-
side into friendshipinto that tender intimacy
which is the best refuge from care ; yet is built
on such pure, still affections, that idle jealousies
would not be allowed to disturb the discharge
of the sober duties of life, nor to engross the
thoughts that ought to be otherwise employed.
This is a state in which many men live ; hut
few, very few women. And the difference may
easily be accounted for, without recurring to a
sexual character. Men, for whom we are told
women are made, have too much occupied the
thoughts of women ; and this association has
so entangled love, with all their motives of ac-
tion ; and, to harp a little on an old string, hav-
ing been solely employed either to prepare
themselves to excite love, or actually putting
their lessons in practice, they cannot live with-
out love. But, when a sense of duty, or fear oi
shame, obliges them to restrain this pampered
desire of pleasing beyond certain lengths, too
far for delicacy, it is true, though far from crim-
inality, they obstinately determine to love, I
speak of their passion, their husbands to the
end of the chapterand then acting the part
which they foolishly exacted from their lovers,
they become abject wooers and fond slaves.
Men oi wit and fancy arc often rakes; and
fancy is the food of love. Such men will in-
spire passion. Half the sex, in its present in-
fantine state, would pine for a Lovelace; a man
so witty, so graceful and so valiant; and can
they deserve blame for acting according to prin-
ciples so constantly inculcated? They want a
lover and protector : and, behold him kneeling
before thembravery prostrate to beauty! The
virtues of a husband are thus thrown by love
into the back ground, and gay hopes, or lively
emotions, banish reflection till the day of reck-
oning comes ; and come it surely will, to turn
the sprightly lover into a surly suspicious ty-
rant, who contemptuously insults the very weak-
ness he fostered. Or, supposing the rake re-
formed, he cannot quickly get rid of old habits.
When a man of abilities is first carried away
lue
by his passions, it is necessary that sentiment
and taste varnish the enormities of vice, and
give a zest to brutal indulgences : but when the
gloss of novelty is worn off, and pleasure palls
upon the sense, lascivionsness becomes bare-
faced, and enjoyment only the desperate effort
of weakness flying from reflection as from a
legion of devils. Oh! virtue, thou art not an
empty name! All that life can givethou
givest!
If much comfort cannot be expected from the
friendship of a reformed rake of superior abili-
ties, what is the consequence when he lacketh
sense as well as principles ? Yerily misery in its
most hideous shape. When the habits of weak
people are consolidated by time, a reformation
is barely possible ; and actually makes the
beings miserable who have not sufficient mind
to be amused by innocent pleasure; like the
tradesman who retires from the hurr y of busi-
ness, nature presents to them only a universal
blank ; and the restless thoughts prey on the
damped spirits. Their reformation as well as
his retirement actually makes them wretched,
because it deprives them of all employment, by
quenching the hopes and fears that set in mo-
tion their sluggish minds.
If such is the force of habit; if such is the
bondage of folly, how carefully ought we to
guard the mind from storing up vicious asso-
ciations ; and equally careful should we be to cul-
tivate the understanding, to save the poor wight
from the weak dependent state of even harm-
less ignorance. For it is the right use of reason
alone which makes as independent of every-
thing excepting the unclouded Reason
whose service is perfect freedom.
{To be Continued.)
THE HOWARD UNIVERSITY AT
WASHINGTON.
This institution, designed to benefit the poor,
and open to all classes without distinction of
race or sex, is now nearly completed, so far
as buildings are concerned, and has already in
the preparatory department over one hundred
pupils. This university promises to be one of
the first in the country, and having for its
champion and best friend Major-General 0. O.
Howard, who believes in equal justice to all,
can hardly fail to succeed.
The building and grounds are ample and
finely situated at the terminus of Seventh
street railroad, on the beautiful range of hills
that overlook the city and the Potomac on the
north. The location is healthy and commo-'
dious, and the building and fifty acres of
ground has no debt hanging over it. Situated
at the capital of the nation, it offers great ad-
vantages to students, and bas a field of opera-
tion commensurate with the highest aspirations
of its friends.
We see by the circular lately published, that
its charter provides for normal, collegiate,
theological, medical, law, and agricultural de-
partments.
We are happy to see that public sentiment is
fast changing in favor of womans thorough
education, and in behalf of her freedom to en-
ter such professions as she believes herself
fitted to follow, and cannot doubt, that it will
be seen to be the greatest wisdom to remove
every remaining barrier to the highest and
purest development of character that her as-
pirations demand. The testimony of all wo-
men who have pressed their way into new fields
of usefulness and influence is, that health and
happiness to themselves is the universal result,
and for the good they do, the world is beginning
to rise up and call them blessed. Biding, a
few days since, with Mrs. Hr. Longshore, of
Philadelphia, to call upon her patients, we were
glad to see the respectability of her practice,
and that she was welcomed, not only among
the poor, but gentlemen and ladies from marble
and brown stone fronts, reverently opened their
doors as to an angel of mercy. Surely there is
marked fitness in woman to the medical profes-
sion, and as we, the other day, dined with Mrs.
Dr. Lozier, of New York, to whom patients are
coming from hundreds of miles around for
treatment, we were amazed at the rapidity with
which this fact is being recognized. So it is in
all departments of use and beauty where wo-
man has found her way.
Our serious advice, if allowed, to girls who
have graduated from the* high schools and semi-
naries, is, to enter and pursue a full course of
study io the Howard University, with a purpose
to become proficients in business, and win to
themselves honor and independence. We are im-
pressed to urge attention to this and similar op-
portunities from our daily correspondence with
young women who are fashionably educated,
but are dissatisfied with an aimless life.
We must ask pardon for impressing our ap-
peal to mothers and daughters, by relating an
instance that lately touched our hearts as with
a live coal, showing the. results of want of
thorough business education, which means
liitle lessthan moral culture, to girls and women
of affluence.
During the war, a gentleman of position, wish*
ing to enter the service of his country, left, in
their elegant mansion at home, a wife and
daughter fifteen years of age, to the gallantry
and goodness of a bachelor friend in whom be
confided, and who owned his pew beside him
in the chiucb.
Month by month the tender respect of the
mother and the childish affections of the inno-
cent grew stronger and more holy, till at length
a new scene in the drama appeared, and the
daughter was spirited away, and lodged in a
house of assignation, in a distant crowded city,
to await future developments, and the living
death that was to follow, with less than twenty
dollars in her purse. * Not yet eighteen
at this time, she provides for herself and babe
near two years old, from the gall and bitterness
of her soul, and a life of prostitution. When
asked to abandon this terrible course of action,
and throw herself upon the forgiveness and
goodness of her friends, with a serenely beauti-
ful, child-mother look, she said, No! I can do
nothing to support us, but to stay in the
wretched place where I am. God will forgive
me. My dear mother cannot, and I must not
drive ray father to murder his friend. %*
Friendship and Women.Women have more
need of friendship than men have. It is an
element of life more important, and precious
to them. The obstacles to it, and the breaches
of it are more numerous and fatal with them
than with men. Many of the best examples of
female friendship elude all public observation
in their modest privacy, and so are not generally
known to exist. In the futureif that fu-
ture be an improvement on the pastfriend-
ship will play a more important part than it
ever yet has in the lives both of women and of
men. There is no sentiment which more needs
cultivation or is capable of yielding such match-
less blessings.


165
WHA1 THE PRESS 8A73 OF US.
From tli'e Rondout Freeman.
Will our friend M*ss Susan B. Anthony inform us, in
' an early number of The Revolution, how much she
and h^r colleagues made out of the democracy ? The
Revolution has been pounding auay at therepublican
party in the most energetic manner, as if it had a con"
tract to fill and was bound not to cheat its employer*
The grave charge against our party was its omission
to mention Womens Rights w the Chicago plat-
form. We have looked over the democratic platform
with care, and we don't find Miss Anthony or Mrs. Cady
Stanton in it, nor as much as a resolution of sympathy
with George Francis Train. And even Parker Pillsbury
is forgotten, though he showed enough wooden-headed-
ness in his New Hampshire campaign to furnish mate-
rials for several platforms.
Verily, the democratic party has the faculty of buying
people very cheap. A Chief-Justice and a whole Equal
Rights Association are among its purchases this year,
and it has paid nothing for them.
Yes, we found out bow many warm friends
we had among the republicans. We have had
hundreds of letters telling us how anxious they
felt lest we should injure our cause, and
then as an advertisement for The Revolu-
tion you being an editor can appreciate what
a grand thing the Tammany notice was.
From the Commercial Advertiser.
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton takes vengeance on the
sexs oppressors whenever the opportunity offers. Her
last heavy fling is to recommend those men whose
legs, as described by Dickens, disolose an unlimited
view of open country between them, to wear the Chinese
costume.
Do you call a friendly suggestion to veil
their deformities vengeance ? Our only ob-
ject in recommending the flowing robes to some
orders of our brave countrymen was to remove
from that much-abused garment, the petticoat,
the odium of belonging only to disfranchised
classes.
From the Commercial Advertiser.
The Revolution is out in a sledge-hammer ar-
ticle advocating the plan of educating the sexes upon the
principle of their intellectual equality. It is suggested
that the Cornell University, which is aromatic with
English patronage, and ought to be full of the ram-
pant liberalism of John Stuart Mill, should try the
system. The writer remarks :
Allow me to say in reply to the many queries op the
subject of educating the sexes together, that the Cornell
University should commence its labors with an organi-
zation oi both sexes, that the Cornell University, as I
understand it, is neither a college nor a school, but a
combination of both, in which every liberal art and
science is to be, not exclusively, but universally taught.
Od what principle are women who hold prop-
erty taxed to support free colleges, while
girls are not permitted to share in their advan-
tages.
From the Kansas Chief.
Served Them Right.This interesting item appears
in the reports from the New York Convention :
A letter was received with great laughter from Susan
B. Anthony, of the Womans Suffrage Association, urging
the claims of women to participate in elections.
This is about the extent of the notice that will be
taken of the women who determined to annihilate the
republican party, by throwing their mighty influence in
favor of the democracy.
We had the pleasure, in company with ex-
Gov. Robinson, of visiting the editor of the
Chief in his sanctum, and we really did not
thiuk he would be so ungallant to us in the
hour of humiliation. When we are spitefully
used and persecuted by republicans, democrats
and abolitionists, why do you not, oh! most
gracious ('kief, nobly take us up. Served
them right. How dispiteously those three
words fall upon the naked ear. Verily our suf-
ferings are intolerable, and if the White
Chief is to join our enemies, we shall not
/
|Uraluti0tt.
have strength left to annihilate the republican
party, or build up a better.
From the Lawrence (Kansas) Daily Republican.
Colleges and Females.Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stan-
ton, in the last number of The Revolution, in ar-
guing in favor of the admission of young women to col-
leges, adduces the example of the Agricultural Colleges
of Kansas. She might have added our State Univei sity
also ; and she might have found examples nearer home.
All of the higher academies in New Yorkmany of which
prepare their students Jor advanced standing in college
classesare opeD alike to boys and girls. The Alfred
University, located at Alfred Centre, N. Y., has admitted
both sexes on equal terms from its establishment. On
commencement days the lady graduates deliver their
orations off-hand or read them from manuscript, as they
choose. Genessee College, located at Lima, also admits
ladies, we believe; we know that the Genessee Wesleyan
Seminary, from which it sprung, did. Oberlin College,
iia. many respects the most flourishing college in the
United States, has always admitted both sexes and all
colors to its halls.
We have never heard in any of these institutions of
any complaint on account of the presence oi ladies.
We referred specially to agricultural colleges.
We mentioned Kansas because we have faLlen
into the habit since she gave 9,000 votes for
Womans Suffrage, of pointing all the other
states to their younger sister for an example.
We trust there will be numbers of bright girls
flocking to all these institutions as fast as they
open their doors.
WOMAN AN INVENTOR.
ARTICLE in.
LACE, WOOD-ENGRAVING.
The invention of pillow lace by Barbara Utt-
man, of Annabey, Saxony, was one of those oc-
currences in which we clearly see the providence
of God, for about that period the mines, in which
most of the peasantry worked, became less pro-
ductive than formerly, and veils, embroidered af-
ter the Italian method, the making of which was
followed by the families of the miners, were also
less in demand. A large part of the population
thus simultaneously thrown out of employment,
were on the verge of great misery when Barbara
Uttman invented lace, and taught her neces-
sitous country-women the art of making it. A
desire for the work spread with great rapidity,
and its manufacture soon gave competence to
thousands of persons who, without it* invention
at that period, must have suffered greatly, and
perhaps died from starvation.
Nor vi as the worth of the invention confined
to a limited extent of country or of short dura-
tion^ for the art of making it was in time carried
from country to country, and various European
states are at this day deriving a great revenue
from its manufacture. In France alone, two
hundred thousand women are employed upon
it, and the varieties, made are numerous and
valuable. Valenciennes (real), Chantilly, Eisle,
Alencon blond and Alencon point, are all pillow
laces, and all made in France.
Many cities are famous alone from the manu-
facture of some particular variety of lace. Caen
and Bayeux excel in certain kinds of silk goods,
as veils, scarfs, mantles, robes and shawls.
Chantilly, so fashionable and so expensive the
present season, is made at a place of that name
peculiar for its elaborate and costly varieties of
silk lace. Elegant designs for very light and
open flax thread are found at Mirecourt; while
Alencon is celebrated the world over for its
costly point laces, the manufacture of which is
confined to a few families, and is with them
hereditary. The thread itself is of very costly
fineness, and when wrought by the needle in
points, its value is enormous, and no otfci
is said to be capable of bringing about such an
extraordinarily great increase of value from a
material worth so little as is flax in an un-
wrought state.
In England the making of pillow lace was in-
troduced nearly two hundred and fifty years ago,
and in the year 1800, one hundred and thirty
thousand women aud girls, a population more
than twice as great as the whole city of New
York contained at that time, earned a livelihood
by its manufacture in the two counties of Buck-
ingham and Bedford alone, although machine
made lace, from its greater cheapness, had begun
to be a formidable competitor.
No machine made lace yet introduced has
been able to do fine work that will bear the test
of washing as hand-made lace does. However
well it may look when first out of the machine
it loses its beauty upon the application of water,
and for this reason, hand-made lace, though
much more costly at first, is cheaper- in the end
for all purposes, where used solely as trimming.
It can be worn and look well, as long as it can
be mended so as to keep together, which is not
the case with machine made lace. In olden time
its use gave rise to lace menders and lace wash-
ers, who formed a somewhat numerous and im-
portant class of work-women.
Honiton lace is manufactured in England, and
gives employment to seven or eight thousand
girls in the north-eastern part of Devonshire.
At the time of Victorias marriage, this manu-
facture was in a depressed condition, but the
queen gave it a new impetus, by ordering her
wedding-dress of the Honiton lace workers, and
thus bringing it again into fashion. At our
Crystal palace exhibition of the industry of all
nations, I remember seeing exhibited a single
flounce of Honiton lace, which was valued at
three thousand dollars.
Many of the Irish peasantry are engaged in
the manufacture of Limerick lace. A number
of firms in the vicinity of that city are in the
lace trade, which has there proved of immense
importance, as many as six hundred girls being
employed by one establishment. Mechlin and
Brussels laces, in former times, descended as
heir looms from mothers to daughters, and were
manufactured from the finest thread that dould
possibly be made.
Addelina Pattis dress at her marriage a few
weeks since, was trimmed with Brussels lace.
O jewels, though a profusion were showered
upon her, she wore none. Fine lace for adorn-
ment ranks with jewels, aud for a bride is in-
finitely more suitable. Brussels, like diamonds,
can be called the product of darksome mines,
for not only is the flax from which it is made,
grown only in particular localities, but the
spinning of the thread is done in damp cellars,
from which all light is excluded, but a single
ray that is allowed to fall upon the work, and
the delicate fineness, the elegance and variety
of design of the best Brussels lace, makes its
possession prized by even the queen upon her
throne. Neither is it for the dress of woman
alone, that lace is used, but courtiers and kings,
priests and pope, alike guard as a priceless
treasure, and proudly bedeck themselves with
this invention of womans brain.
That the invention of this exquisitely beauti-
ful art did not militate against Barbara TJfctmans
usefulness to herself or mankind as a wite and
mother, is proven by the number of her de-
scendants ; of whom she saw sixty-lour children
and grand-children before her death, which
took place at the comparatively early age of sixty
yews.


166 * gUtftfltttlflll.
Neither was Barbara XJttmau a poor woman,
whom necessity drove to invention, but she was
the mistress of the castle with servants to obey
every command* She was alike a woman ot
genius, of wealth, and of humility of heart, for
it is said of her that after perfecting her in-
vention, she devoted the remainder of her life,
without ostentation or reward, to teaching the
art to the peasantry about her, and left it as a
legacy of ever increasing value to her country
and the world. Her memory is still revered
about Annably, and her monument records her
praise. Barbara XJttmau, over three hundred
years ago, learned the lesson so many women of
the present have failed to learn, i.e., all the worth
of life is, to be of use to ourselves or to those
about us. She had not to fly to the gaming
table or the wine-eup to drive ennui from her.
Time to her had not only a present, but a future
worth, and millions unborn at her death have
lived to bless her memory, and millions more
will yet reverence her name.
The earliest steps in many inventions .are
buried in the mists of past ages, and even
steam, printing, rifled guus, and telegraphing,
are found in their rudimentary states among old
nations, and are claimed as their own by dif-
ferent men of different countries in modem
times. The piano is scarcely one hundred years
old, and yet there is no certainty as to who was
its inventor. Germans, French, English, all
claim it, and no one has been able truly to de-
cide what person or what country should receive
the credit of its invention.
Neither the telescope nor the microscope,
though supposed to be modern in their origin,
can be definitely traced to a particular person or
epoch, and we cannot, therefore, feel surprised,
that the invention of engraving, an art that does
so much to beautify our homes, and that teaches
so much that mere print cannot, has been the
subject of great controversy, and is claimed
by many different persons and countries. But
the weight of testimony as to its invention,
seems to point to the Cunio children, Alexander
and Isabella, twin brother and sister, but six-
teen years of age, who lived in Ravenna, Italy,
in the thirteenth century, and who together,
prepared a series of eight pictures, representing
the actions of Alexander the Great.
They were executed in relief on blocks of
wood, made even, and polished by Isabella
Cunio. The remainder of the work was con-
tinued and finished together by the brother and
sister. It is thought they must have printed
the engiaving, by placing the paper upon the
block and pressing their hands upon it.
From this first step to the new one called
cromolithography, the gradation has been
easy. All the world were enabled to make an
egg stand upon end after Columbus had shown
the way.
Let us once fancy what the world would be if
still without this inventionno pictures in our
books, no engravings on your walls. Instructive
works of art like Audubons Ornithology would
not be in existence. Agassiz extinct monsters
could not nave been reclothed in flesh to our
eyes, nor could Mrs. Agassiz paintings of the
multitudinous variety of Ashes in the Amazon
have been infinitely reproduced for the instruc-
tion of mankind. Magnificent Thebes, the old-
est and the grandest city of v,he world, with its
immense temples, its solemn sphinx, its
sculptures, its palaces, and its obelisks, is now
restored through its aid, and the lover of art or
antiquity can gaze upon it as it was in palmy'
days, without leaving his own country/
Without the art of engraving, which for use-
fullness, stands side by side with printing, how
dry and barren would be many of our books! No
pictured Harper's would lie on our tables, no
Sunday school papers, with their attractive re_
presentation of boys and girls and lambs and
birds for our young children, nor for our older
ones ; no school-books teaching more plainly of
mountains, rivers, beasts, and the varied vege-
table productions of the globe than any mere
words, no matter how graphic, could do.
Raphaels immortal cartoons could not have
instructed and delighted mankind as they now
do ; their value would have been confined to the
few who could visit the palace where they are
preserved ; no Ary Scheffers could hang in our
houses ; no Goupil could foster and encourage
a correct taste in art, by cheap copies of famous
masters, and the development of the world would
be centuries back without the aid of this inven-
tion of Isabella Cunio, which brings to our very
doors the beauty, the wisdom, and the know-
ledge of ages. M. E. Joslyn Gage.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRAN0I8 TRAIN.
A SHOT AT RAYMOND QF THE TIMES. THE BAGE
OF THE ENGLISH PBESS AT MB. TBAINs ADDRESS
FBOH EIGHT THOUSAND NATIONAL TEACHERS.-
A WORD IN DEFENCE OF OMAHA. THE DEVOTION
OF THE IRISH GIRLS TO IRELAND AND IRELANDS
FRIENDS.MR. TRAINS LEVEES CREATING A RE-
VOLUTION IN THE GEM OF TEE SEA.ORIGIN OF
THE RICH AND THE POOR.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, ?
August 29, 1868. [
Dear Revolution : Please go over to the
English organ in New York, and put them right
about the paramour business. Read
' A hit! a palpable hit!
The Times Turned Preacher.We have had fre-
quent occasion to lament the indecency of the Womans
Rights organ, The Revolution. In the number of
the current week it publishes a letter irom an indecent
subscriber and mountebank, who asks the question, in
capitals: Have not women the same right to. have
paramours that mon have to keop mistresses? And
the query is answered in a way that the conductors of
The Revolution ought to be ashamed of. If The
Revolution considers it a fine thing to introduce
such language and such ideas into American families,
we imagine they will soon find out their mietake. At
the same time, they will disgust all respectable women
with the whole subject of Womans Rights.New York
Times.
A hit l A palpable hit! But lest I stir up a
hornets nesl, let me apologize by saying that I
did not refer to the editor qf the Times!
ALL RIGHT AND LEFT.CHANGE PARTNERS.
Now woman is plaintiff how man squirms
and plays hide-and-seek with his fears and his
conscience. Always attack, dear Revolu-
tion. Never defend. Advance on the enemys
works. XJp girls, and at em. Men have no
case. Follow em up close. The wife whose,
husband was always off to his club remarked to
a inend who was startled at a late knock at the
door : Dont be alarmed, it is only our Tom
cat coming home.
The Universal News continues to give from
five to ten columns a week of letters from my
mail bag. This shows you I am not forgotten
by the ladies.
FROM A YOUNG IRISH GIRL WHO WILL ALWAYS
WEAR THE GREEN. GOD BLESS HER! NAME
AND ADDBESS OMITTED.
TULLAMORE, KING'S CO., AUg, 12.
Dear Mr. Train : I cannot express my feeling of
joyful thankfulness for your goodness in answering my
letter and sending your portrait to one so humble as
myself. I will always troasure this kind memento of
George Francis Train wiih reverence and lovo. I do not
know what religious persuasion you are, nor do I care,
for I know you must be a noble, true Christian and gen-
tleman* and therefore I have placed your portrait in my
prayer-book, so that I can never forget to pray for you
and your prosperity during the office of Mass. This me-
morial is doubly prized by what I have suffered, too, by
obtaining itmy relatives are highly incensed and dis-
pleased that I should love Irelands friend ; and I do
love j*ou for what you have done and are doing for my
deal* native land, Mr. Train, largely, openly, and. oh t
so proudly ; and I only wish I had a heart as big as all
the world that I might love you more aDd honor you
more. Why is it that all who love Ireland must be pained
and insulted? They say such wretched things of you
here ; but I would not repeat all the horrid things they
speak of you, for I know they are not your friendsmy
father is of a high government principle, and my step-
mother, English, and of low English opinions, bates my
dear motherland, and they are so indignant that I should
be true to faithful Irish friends, and have such a longing
wish for America, they persist in wanting to send me-to
Queensland, but I am as obstinate never to leave Ireland
and become an exile in any land where the British flag
floats. If 1 do go, it must be to dear old, or, rather,
to young America ; and I will yet, please God, surmount
all difficulties, aud gain her shores. Dont think, Mr.
Train, that I am a disobedient child. I am come to
years to judge for mysell; and I know you would
never ask me to embrace the base principles they ad-
vance. I have taken a great liberty, and sent you a lew
books by a person who was woiking down here; but
you must not judge me by my messenger, who is rather
uncouth, for I am,- at least (hey say, a nice girl, but my
books are not nice-looking, but perhaps they nil 1 help to
pass a lonely hour, and I would be more than repaid for
sendng them so far. I wish I could send you- better
ones, but I am in such a wretched out-of-the-way place ;
but accept the will for the deed. Once more, a thousand
thanks from a grateful Irish heart. And may God bless
and protect you, and soon restore you to your liberty
and family, is the fervent wish and constant prayer of
your humble friend, * *
These letters from the people are alarming
the government. They see something more
potent than Feuianism springing up in Ire-
land. Eight thousand national teachers have
just been with me through their delegates, and
the government is furious.
THE RAGE OF THE BRITISH PRESS AT THE NATIONAL
TEACHERS.
From the London Times.
Mr. Geo. Francis Train has elicited a remarkable
manifesto from the National School teachers of Ireland,
in the form of an address, which is published in the
Nation. The document begins with an expression of
admiration for the great Republic, of which he may
well feel proud of being a citizen, and then proceeds
to deliver the opinion of the learned and loyal body on
the state of Ireland. Statesmen may be curious to learn
what it is, and perhaps desire to profit by lessons re-
ceived at the feet of such instructors. It may be in-
ferred from the following passage, which is at once pic-
turesque and pious :
" When we cast our eyes over this lovely land; when
we gaze upon its beautiful sceneryits fertile plains
its romantic ruinsits commercial and manufacturing
capabilitiesits fair women and stalwart men, and all
tbe while feel conscious that a stranger lords it over us,
we may well feel sad and exclaim, How long, 0 Lord 1
how long!' They refer to the system of education
which "they are compelled to administer, complain
that it is calculated to crush the national spirit, but add,
with a feeling of pride, which rises above all minor con-
siderations of duty,Unfortunately for tbe founders,
they suffered Irishmen to be the teachers, and, without
egotism, we lay claim to some portion of tbe merit of
having made the national spirit what it is to-day.
They express deep sympathy lor Mr. Train, whose suf-
ferings they can appreciate, the more fully from a recol-
lection of the martyrdom in the canse of nationality
which some of their own body, they say, have endured,
and they indignantly assure him that they recognize in
the strong arm which holds him in prison, the tyrant
that has long fattened on our land and forced onr little
ones to wander over the earth in search of that bread
denied them at home. Some doubt has been raised as
to the genuineness of the address, but the Nation, which
ought to be able to judge correctly in such a matter,
does not impeach its authenticity, and it is due to the


Site
167
patriotism of the teachers to say that it has in several in-
stances attracted the special notice of the police. Mr.
Train returns a gracious reply. He says :
All kinds of addresses, from all parls of Ireland,
have been showered upon me, but none have been more
welcome than yours, gentlemen, for it is your teaching
that has kept burning the sacred fire of liberty. Old
men and fair maidensbrave youths and little convent
girlshave made me many presents ; but you have
spoken the voice of a million of children who sing The .
Wearing of the Green? England made a sad mistake by
educating Ireland ; for the educated mind will not long
remain in slavery. The patriotic spirit of the three eights
98, '48, and '68has made a unit of Ireland. To-day
the best educated people in the world are the Irish.
When England destroyed by her free (rade tactics the
factories of Ireland to build up her own manufactories,
she liberated Irish children and enslaved her own off-
spring. The Irish went to school and are educatedthe
English went into the factory and are ignorant.
Mr. Train may, perhaps, think it due to the teachers
who have so handsomely addressed him to publish their
names.
This is a sample of the storm created by the
patriotic address of the national schoolmasters.
Tha police are on the track. But I have kept
the address where they cannot find the names.
I have not been here long enough to turn in-
former.
THE LEVEES IN PRISON CREATING A REVOLUTION
MORE POWERFUL THAN THE FENIANS.
The authorities cannot stop the Levees. I
am monarch of my own cell. They watch and
I pray. The papers of Ireland copy in full the
reports of MacCarthie, editor of the Irishman.
An extract or two will show you the govern**
ment better let me go home, or I will break
down their petition.
Mr. Train.The American philanthropist and friend
of Ireland, Mr. G. Ti Train, is receiving rather scurvy
treatment. Yet it is hard to blame the government. If
they permitted him to lecture through the towns and
cities of Great Britain and Ireland to the working classes,
he would quietly and within the law educate the
people up to the American standard of political know-
ledge. Now, this is, of all things, what could not he
permitted. But his voice and his pen are at work in his
levees. If Mr. Train had the privilege of being born a
British or Irish subject, he could be summarily thrust
into prison for sedition, whether he spoke it or not; if
he were not so clever, he might get rope enough, and
would soon entangle himself in the meshes of the law ;
hut because he is an American and so very adroit, he is
so difficult to deal with.Connaught Patriot.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAINS LEVEESVALUABLE PO-
LITICAL INSTRUCTION.
For the past few weeks the Irishmanhas been publish-
ing reports of levees held by George Francis Train in his
cell in the Four Courts Marshalsea, which are attended
by Irish and American gentlemen, all of whom appear to
be men of ability and education. These levees have at-
tracted considerable attention from the press of this
country and England, and extracts from the reports in
the Irishman are given each week by our provincial con-
temporaries. We are not surprised that they should do
so, for we have no hesitation in saying that, from a
national standpoint, no more valuable, able, or import-
ant state papers (it we may use the term) have ever been
issued to the Irish people. We do not speak merely of the
admirable manner in which the Special oi the Irish-
man does his portion, although nothing can be better
done. His introductory remarks each week show him
to be a writer of marvellous abilitywell read in the his-
tory of bis country, keen, caustic, brilliant, and pro-
foundly patriotic. We refer to the sentiments enunci-
ated by the various speakers at the levees. Our contem-
porary, the Telegraph, stated last week, that if these
levees are continued, special correspondents will be
compelled to beg admission. We say that if these levees
are continued they will do more to advance the cause of
Irish nationality than has been done by any othermeans
during the past few years ; lor they will instruct the
people of Ireland iu their rights in the nature of the
grievance, under which they labor, and the means by
which these grievances can be peacefully redressed*
There is more political instruction imparted at one of
these levees than could be procured from a score of
bulky volumes s and those Who speak at them more
truly represent the Irish people than the majority Of the
members of the English House oi Commons. In fact
Mi% Trains cell has become an Irish Senate House, of
which the Irishman is the Hansard.Mayo Examiner.
Mr. G. F. Tram continues to hold bis levees weekly at
the Marshalsea. They are reported in the Irishman, and
are decidly the spiciest things out. Besides writting
correspondence lor several hundred papers at home and
abroad, the great representative American citizen con-
trives to issue every week a printed sheet called The
Train Extra, setting forth the true' state ol the case as be-
tween biruSelf and the British government. He posi-
tively declares the debt alleged to be due by him is all a
sham ; that he is prevented from proving it to be so by
the obstacles thrown in his way by judges and officers of
the courts, and that in reality he is a state prisoner.
Whether he was arrested at the instigation of the author,
ities or not, there can be no doubt they witnessed his in-
carnation with satisfaction.Waterford Citizen.
THE REVOLUTION HAS WAKED UP ENGLAND^
WOMEN TO AGITATE FOR EMANCIPATION.
Miss Becker has astonished the British asso-
ciation. The savans feel that their occupation
is gone. All the journals have leaders on her
address herewith enclosed, with editorials from
Express, Star, News, Telegraph, and Sunday
Times. Women of Kansas, it was you who
created The Revolution. Please God, you
are doing Christain work.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN DEFENDING OMAHA.
While it enjoyed the immense basiness of fitting out
overland trains for Pacific-bound emigrants, and travel
lers, it was a place of no. little importance, and throve
accordingly. A city was laid out with nicely graded
streets, and though it be true that buildings were pui. up
hastily and to supply immediate rather than prospective
wants, it cannot be denied, that the promise of a flourish-
ing tuture for Omaha was beyond all question. When,
however, the great Pacific Railroad was pushed into the
far desert beyond Omaha, it became an object to emi-
grant and traveller alike to obtain tbeir supplies further
west. Hence, Omaha has been deserted, and Laramie
and other points still beyond have been proportionately
favored. Indeed, were there a railroad bridge across the
Missouri river at this point, and the present delays
avoided, Omaha would be likely to lapse into uLter in-
significance, its State House and other public buildings
to the contrary notwithstanding. It is, nevertheless,
well located, and when the country shall have become
thickly populated, must rise to much importance.Mr.
Beach's St. Louis letter, New York Sun, Aug. 13.
When the coin is spurious, nail it down. (Omaha
deserted! was there ever such stupidity. In the
days of the emigrant trains we had five thousand
people. In the days of therailway trains eighteen
thousand. Yet u Omaha is deserted. Then we
were two weeks to this side the mountains.
Now we are two days to the other side the
mountains. Then Omaha had no railway Con-
nection. Now she has 50,000 miles! Yet
Omaha is desertedThen the hills were
covered with grass and tress. Now with splen-
did villas and cottages. Yet Omaha is de-
sertedThen we had a few wooden stores. Now
we have great brick blocks of warehouses. Yet
Omaha is deserted l Then no signs of a
bridge. Now two millions to be invested at
onoe. Yet Omaha is desertedJhe new
Chicago of the northwest. The half-way station
to China. The focus of a 50,000 miles of rail^
50,000 miles of inland navigation, and 100,000
miles of telegraph writes the Bohemian oracle of
the English organ in Americathe New York
Times.
HOW THE RICH GROW RICHERTHE POOR POORER.
How long! oh Lord, how long must the lives
of the poor be sacrificed for the rich! When
will men and women have equal rights ? When
will the sons of labor have something in the
bank for a rainy day ? Men of New York, keep
up the strike. Employers, your rights and no-
thing more ; workinqmen, your lights and nothing
less.
What wae'the'origtn oi riches ? what wae the origin of
poverty ? Bigoted, ignorant, and interested people do
not hesitate to ascribe both these origins to the Almighty,
we ascribe them to the rapacity, the tyranny, and the in-
justice of man. At the beginning, all human beings were
equal. Whether we seek for the history of the creation
in the Bible, the Talmud, the Zendavesta, the Koran, the
Vedas of Brahma, or the traditions of the Chinese, we
shall find that at the commencement of the world, the
first members of the human family were equal. From
them sprang up societies ; the societies increased into
communities ; and the communities expanded into
nations. But wherever a society or a community settled
itself, or whithersoever itmigrated, becoming the nucleus
of a nation, it in the first instance held in common the
land which it thus colonized. In process of time the
stronger plundered the weaker, and the cunning over-
reached tiie simple, so that open robbery and insidious
craft began to make some rich at the expense of their
neighbors. This process went on ; kings, tyrants, and
aristocracies sprang upin other words, the strongest:
the keenest, and the most unprincipled leagued together
to rob and enslave a llwho could not compete with them in
open violence or private astuteness. Then came wars,
invasions, and conqueststhese elements of human woe
being turned to account by the powerful and unprin-
cipled few to monopolise all property, all political
rights, and all social happiness, thus by degrees effect-
ually accomplishing the spoliation, the servitude, and
the misery of the many. These were the origins of
riches and poverty; and upon that barbarian system of
villany and wrong, modern laws have established the
more refio ed, less direct, but equally effective means of
still retaining riches and power in the hands of the few
and rendering the millions poor and powerless. Now
then, we ask whether it be mans injustice or heavens
dispensation that riches should be centred In the hands
of the few and that poverty should be the doom of the
many ?English Paper.
Bonds or greenbacks ? That is the question.
To be a beggar or not to be ? It remains with
the Irish voters. England or America. All in
favor of England vote for Alabama bond-
holders. Free trade and specie payment, mean
paupers, bastards and slaves..
No negro slave, nor seif, nor boor,
Would change his lot with the Irish poor,
Who starve their lives to feed the rich,
And end their days in misery's ditch.
Let the million Irish voters take heed, lest
they be sold out to the Alabama bondholders for
a mess of potash. George Francis Train.
IRISH WISDOM.
A thousand years ago Ireland was giving law,
learning andreligion to all Europe, whatever she
may do or be to-day. rjfhe following comes from
a la ie foreign correspondent, and should be heard
and heeded wherever there are daughters to
be reared and educated :
Lady Morgan, the gifted Irish authoress, whose novels
delighted the higher circles in former years, when con-
versing with a friend about some young ladies who had
lost their fortune, made the following very sensible re-
marks concerning proper education of young women :
<< In the tete-a-tete conversation with Mrs. Hall, on the
subject of some young .ladies, who had been berett of
fortune, Lady Morgan said, with an emphatic .wave of
her green fan : They do everything that is fashionable
imperfectly their singing, and drawing, and dancing,
and languages amount to nothing. They are educated to
marry, and had there been time they might have gone
off with, and hereafter from, husbands. They cannot
earn their own salt; they do not even know how to
dress themselves. I desire to give every girl, no matter
what her rank, a tradea profession, if the word pleases
you better ; cultivate all things in moderation, but on e
thing to perfection, no matter what it is for which she has
a talent,drawing, music, embroidery, housekeeping
e^en ; give her a staff to lay hold oi, let her feci that
will carry me through life without dependence. I was
independent at fourteen, and never wentiu debl.
Norwegian women aie very generally em-
ployed in harvesting in Minnesota, and they
earn nearly as high wages as meni
;


168

lie Ufoolutioit.
ELIZARETII CADY STANTON,
PARKBH PILIiSBURY,
Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 17, 1868.
NOW IS THE TIME
In the many letters received from subscribers
and friends our eye invariably meets this one
sentence i We will do all we can to circulate
your paper, and intend sending Clubs soon.
Much has been done and is doing by these same
friends, yet there is more to do. I appeal to
every woman and friend of the Cause to send
us at least one more subscriber, so that, ere
1869, we will have our 100,000 list. See list of
premiums offered. s. b. a.
LOOK UP HIGHER.
A New Recruit.The democrats have secured the
New York Revolution and Susan B. Anthony as
helpers in the cause of Seymour and Blair. Oh, Susan,
Susan, to what base uses do we come at last.Com-
mercial Adver User.
How can we be said to have gone over to the
democracy, when we maintain a higher position
on all the vital questions of the hour than either
of the leading parties. True, we are not with
the republicans, but instead of looking for us
below themselves, we asls them to raise their
eyes to the shining heights on which we stand,
far abore the position where they, as a party,
have entrenched themselves. Do they claim to
be the party of progress, because they demand
civil and political rights for black men, south of
Mason and Dixons line ? Our claim of equal
rights for all the citizens of the republic, North
and South, black and white, male and female, is
far beyond them, and more in harmony with the
theory of our government Do they claim
eight hours labor for workingmen ? We
claim four for both men and women, and the
right of labor to regulate its own hours and
prices, and the right to an equal share with
capital in the fruits of its industry. Those who
create the wealth of the world should not by
cunning legislation be deprived of their legiti-
mate profits.
Do the republicans claim special merit be?
cause they are a temperance party, while they
license the sale of intoxicating liquor, and let
its insane victims loose upon defenceless
women and children, destroying all ihat is
sacred at our domestic altarsmaking hells of
our once happy homes ? We go deeper down
than prohibitory laws even. We say prevent
the manufacture of drunkards by granting the
right of divorce to all. those women who desire
to sunder the unholy ties that bind them to
drunkards, gamblers and libertines, that they
may no longer be mediums of propagating vice
and crime, disease and death. The best pro-
hibitory laws you can make, are so to protect
woman in person and property as to make her
a sell-supporting, independent being, that she
may not be compelled to look to the lower or-
ders of men for bread and a home. The best
laws you can make to prevent vice and crime,
are such monetary laws as will secure to the
laborer the fruits of his ]industry, thus giving
him time for education and relaxation. So long
as men live in ignorance, dirt, disease and
death, with no hppe of anything better, we can-
not prevent them from seeking, a temporary
exaltation in strong drink ; and so long as they
are robbed of their just earnings, they will con-
tinue their illegal reprisals on the coffers of the
rich.
We look about ns, and see on all sides poverty,
suffering and misery, a fraction only of the
human family comfortably clothed, housed,
fed and educated, in the enjoyment of all
the higher pleasures, and yet the earth is spread
with beauty and plenty. All things show that
God intended man for happiness. He makes
his sun to shine, his rain to fall on all alike, and
yet in lifes arrangements everything is partial
and discordant; the masses work and starve and
die that the few may shine. We once believed
that all these miserable one-sided arrangements
were as much in harmony with Gods laws as
the revolutions of the solar system; and ac-
cepted the results with pious resignation. But
now we believe all this disorganization is the
result of human ignorance, perpetuated by un-
just legislation, to be remedied by a knowledge
of the laws of life, of the science of religion and
government; hence, the importance of wise
rulers and leaders, who understand the wants of
the people aud how to meet them. A wise sel-
fishness in legislation looks to the greatest good
of all; hence, until some party arises that pro-
poses to protect the rights of all citizens in theii
person and property, we can have but little in-
terest in the success or defeat of either.
Now, it is of little consequence to working-
men or women, whether Grant or Seymour are
elected, there will be no change in their past
lot, their wrongs will be precisely the same in
either case. But say some, the great question
now is, shall we have a country? The extension
of suffrage to negroes and women, temperance,
eight hours labor, free trade and finance, are all
important, but back of these is the question of
national life which depends on the election of
Grant or the success of the republican party.
We differ from our friends just at this point.
We think our national life does not depend on
any party. But on the safety, sobriety and educa-
tion of its citizens, on equal rights and free trade,
on protecting the interests of labor, on a sound
financial system. We think the party of pro-
gress will advocate all these onward steps with
much more assiduity aud earnestness out of
power than in. The party out of power is al-
ways in a position to press its principles to their
logical results, while the party in power cau
only look to how far it is politic to go. After
men have been leaders of any organization, they
are always more troubled about their success
and consistency in maintaining old positions
than in adopting the live issues of the hour.
Wendell Phillips says, Nature does not con-
vert the leaders of a generation, she buries
them. We may as well assist nature in burying
the leaders we cannot convert, but we have no
idea of letting them bury us under any cloud of
democracy. Whoeverreads The Revolution,
must see how false and futile is such a charge
against us. If ony position were infinitely
more exalted than it is, the .charge would still
be preferred, for in the delirium of a Presidential
campaign, all are supposed to take sides, to have
preferences for one purty or the other. All we
can say is, if the democrats believe in Universal
Suffrage, in the financial policy set forth in
The Revolution, in peace, temperance and
education, then we have brought them over to
us, and we extend to them the right hand of
fellowship. e. c. s.
DEACONESSES IN THE CHURCH.
Henry Ward Beecher is behind time. While
he and bis church talked, the first Presbyterian
church in Philadelphia acted. The Philadel-
phia North American, 3d inst., states that there
was an unusual service held, on the last Sunday
in August, in the first Church of Christ, Twelflh
street. The occasion was the ordination of five
ladies to be deaconesses in the church. The
pastor, Rev. Mr. Walk, preached a sermon on
the occasion. Its burden was a representation
that the office of deaconess was common in the
primitive church and recognized in the sacred
Scriptures, especially in the writings of the
Apostle Paul. He argued that such an office is
necessary. He thinks so because there are
many duties to be performed iu a church which
men cannot with propriety perform. Ladies
would often be more forward in good and pious
works than they are, but for the unkind and un-
charitable insinuations indulged by the captious
that they desire to attract attention to them-
selves. Duties not merely personal are apt to
be neglected, and time has confirmed the truth
of the old adage that what is everybody's
business is nobodys business. Now, if sisters
can act by authority of the church ; it' they are
made to feel that they are responsible to the
church for a faithful discharge of their duties,
then they will not hesitate to act. After the
sermon was ended five ladies, all of them well
known citizens, came forward and occupied a
pew in front of the pulpit. The pastor
addressed them briefly to the effect that they
had been especially chosen for the responsible
office with which they were about to be in-
vested ; that they enjoyed the confidence of the
church, etc. The ladies in question, together
with the whole congregation, standing up, the
pastor delivered to them a solemn charge, clos-
ing with the apostolic benediction.
. WHAT IS TO BE DONE
Circulate petitions in every state, ready to
send into your legislatures the moment they as-
semble, demanding such an amendment of the
constitution of your state, that all its citizens,
without regard to sex or color, shall have a voice
in the government.
Circulate petitions, too, to send into Congress,
demanding the right of suffrage for woman iu
the District of Columbia. The government of
the District will be the first subject under con-
sideration when Congress assembles, and now
is the time for woman to press her claims there.
There is to be a National Womans Convention
held in Washington early in the session, and
there should be delegates sent there from every
state, armed with monster petitions.
Cost of Elections.It is said the democrats
are expending a hundred thousand aud the re
publicans twenty-five thous and dollars to elect
their candidates in the single state of Maine.
Womans Suffrage will kill such nonsense as
that.
News.The Chicago New Covenant, says Lucy
Stone is to become an editor of The Revo-
lution, which maybe true, but it is news to
The Revolution.5


\
BESTER VAUGHN.
To the Editor of the Philadelphia Press:
Sir : In your paper of August 24 there ap-
peared an article entitled The Working-
women, wherein the writer laments deeply
the wrongs this class labor under, and looks
forward with hope to the time when the women
of the country shall go to work practically to
relieve womens wrongs, but feeJs no sympathy
with the Womans Rights movement. She
would have womans wrongs relieved by in-
stitutions of charity. She would have the
women of a republican government protected
by charity.
Now, the condition of things she so much
deplores is the direct result of depriving wo-
man of the power to protect herself; and
the charity she proposes tor their protection
is nothiug but a medicine, a palliative, for the
morally diseased national body; a plaster to
cover up the festering sore of outraged human-
ity and legalized wrong.
Depriving woman of the right to protect her-
selfmaking her the creature of mans protec-
tionmakes her a victim to his powers; and
the cries of feminine weakness and masculine
protection are the upper and nether mill-
stones between which the working women are
being ground to-powder.
Since we find in the human family two facul-
tiesone of self-protection and another the fa-
culty of devouring each otherevery person
should have the right, under government, of ex-
ercising the faculty of self-protection ; and for
this purpose gooernments are instituted to secure
to all the means whereby they can protect
themselves.
A country that supports a protected class who
have no political rights, is fostering a germ of
national weakness ; corruptions and discontent
will be the result, decay and disunions will'
ensue.
This protection is the leech that preys upon
the heart of liberty. It is the same protection
that slavery gave to the Africans. The same
protection that the English government gives
to her subjects, saying in theory, but falsify-
ing in effect, They are my people, and I
shall not wrong my own. The same pro-
tection that Mahometanism gives to woman;
protects her for a slave to mans basest
passions, while she has not the right to say
how her own body shall be used, neither
is her ownl ife safe in the hands of this,
her law-constituted, protector. And the
same protection that the American masculine
protective system gives to women, saying they
axe our mothers, sisters and daughters, and we
shall not legislate so as to wrong them, for
whatever wrongs them effects u$. This is the
protection given to a class deprived of this
rightthe reasoning of those women who feel
no sympathy with the Womans Rights
movementthe reasoning of those men who
deny women the ballot. But to what extent
woman is benefitted by this protection, let the
working women reply. Let the harems of our
cities tell how woman is benefitted by mans
protection. Let the wives and daughters of
the drunkard tell how they are benefitted by a
system that legalizes a traffic that robs them, of
bread and honor. Every woman should have
the right to protect herself.
Our nation is staggering beneath the weight of
vices which are the direct result of crowding
out of the political sphere womans voice___the
moral element of society ; and our working
lb*. gUnriuUott.
169
WORKINGMENS NATIONAL CONGRESS.
women suffer from this system which hands
them over to another class to be protected (vic-
timized).
Every woman should have the power to pro-
tect herself. This form of slavery which is an
outgrowth of protection, may appear mild
in a country where the stars and stripes float to
the breeze over every hamletmild to those
women who feel no sympathy with the Wo-
mans Rights movementmild to those who
have never felt this protection in any other form
but that of lovebut to the working girl, the
working woman, with the wee responsibility
she who laid the great treasure of her heart
upon the altar of Freedom, who heard with
bursting but resolute heart the death-sigh from
the Wilderness struggle, the Andersonville tor-
ture, or the Fort Pillow massacreto those it is
a protection no less cruel than English oppres-
sion or Mahometan despotism.
If woman had the right to the ballot, those
who felt the wrongs under which she now la-
bors might wield such an influence in legisla-
tive halls, and might so move the hearts of the
people by her eloquence and sympathy that
these wrongs might be redressed. Thaddeus
Stevens, with all his eloquence and philosophy,
could have effected little in the free school sys-
tem if he had appealed from the position of
one deprived of his rights. The position he
held made him respected* entitled him to a hear-
ing ; and a law which seemed to be an invasion of
the dem'esi right, by his eloquence and philos-
ophy, stood out in the bold colors of necessity
for the nations prosperity and security to the
wealthy children, as well as justice, to the poor
mans child. And here let me say, this right,
recognized and protected by law, is the land-
mark, the precedent, to which the future phil-
anthropist shall pointthe foundation stone
upon which civil government shall build a super-
structure, whose laws shall be a duplicate of the
moral code. The only protection that ever per-
manently blessed man is the right to protect
himself ; and the only protection that will shield
woman from the wiongs sne suffers is to pro-
tect her in her rights. '
The case of Hester Vaughn should rouse
every woman who is loyal to her sex to ask her-
self the question, Am I discharging my duty
as & tooman, an American woman, by giving my
rights up to the protection of the seducers of
my daughters ? Hester was taught to confide
in man. She did so, and he robbed her of her
character before the world. In hopes to save
herselfand no doubt she reasoned that her babe
would rest more sweetly in the grave than in
this unkind worldshe committed mtfrder ; unci
again she is in the hands of her protectors.
Oh may kind Heaven help her.
There is a house of infamy in Chicago, where
girls of twelve and fourteen years of age are
prostituted by womans protectors! Where
are the women that have no sympathy with the
Womans Rights movement. For my part,
I wish I had a right to a hearing in the council
halls of the nation. m.
Petroleum Centre, Sept. 4, 1868.
A Voyage op Discover* and Observation.
A man with pretty good eyesight who has made
a tour of the sects reports that, so far as he can
learn, the Unitarians dont care what a man be-
lieves if he only does well. The Presbyterians
dont care what a man does if he only believes.
The Episcopalians dont care what a man does
or believes if he only belongs to their Caarch.
Women, remember the Workingmens Conven-
tion next Monday, the 21st inst., at Germania
Hall. If women have not sufficient interest to
ask the men to make their claim for equal
chance and equal pay, how can they expect men
to remember them.
By the terms of its constitution, all organi-
zations for the amelioration of the condition of
those who labor for a living have a right and
are invited to send delegates to this National
Congress. I hope The Working Womens
Protective Union, The Working Womans
Home, The Young Womans Christian
Home, and every association to ameliorate
the condition of working women will appoint
delegates at once. Women, remember the
price of liberty is eternal vigilance She who
would be free, herself must strike ike blow.
S. B. A.
WOMANS WORK AND WAGES."
In Haipers Magazine for September, a writer
on the above subject, after giving statistics of
wages and employments, says :
Women are already employed here (New York) in pho-
tographic galleries, but not as largely as they should be.
In nearly every London photographic studio, numbers
of females, some of them educated ladies, are employed,
which is, after all, £ut natural, as nowhere are refinment
and delicacy of touch of more importance than in the
photographic art. Watch-making ish trade which, it ap-
pears from European experience, is especially adapted
to womans capabilities. All the delicate machinery,
curving and designing of the fine Geneva and other
Swiss watches so popular in this country, are made by
women. The work is done at the homes of the opera-
tives. There are not less thamtwenty-five thousand wo-
men thus engaged in the neighborhood of Neufchate 1
alone. The system is admirable ; there is a great divi-
sion of labor ; all the parts of the watch are interchange-
able, and the fiuisbed article is so cheap that it is
smuggled into Eugland at a price within the means of
the working classes. Working at home in odd hours
between domestic duties these women make from $3.50
to $.400 per week in gold. Those who have been abroad
must have noticed that women are much more employed
there than with us. Check-takers at the theatre, at the
railway and omnibus stations, and in shops generally, are
of this gender, and they seem to get on quite as well as
men do. The only place in which I remember to
have seen a female ticket-taker in America is at the
Academy of Design in New York city. There is no rea-
son why women should not practic medicine, unless i t
be the prejudice of ladies to being attended by their
own sex in this capacity as well as in that of saleswo-
man. The great difficulty at present is a general want
of confidence in the innovators. When time shall hav6
established confidence in the knowledge of female phy-
sicians, the prejudice will have disappeared. There are
now six female physicians in Philadelphia, and a larger
number in New York ; but we are not yet as far advanced
as the French, with whom the i,age femme is an
institution whose numders caDnotbe estimated.
Women as Machinists.The Scientific Amer>
can, noticing tin various advantages that have
arisen from' the introduction of sewing ma-
chines, specifies the following: There is one
other aspect of this subject worthy of notice.
That is the introduction of the fairer sex to the
beauties of machinery, making them interested
in the subject. Sometimes in visiting manu-
factories, in company with ladies, we have been
surprised that they evinced no interest in the
machinery, but only in the results of its opera-
tion. So on board one of our moving palaces,
the river or sound steamers, they were more in-
terested in the upholstery and hangings of the
cabin than in the workings of the powerful
monster that propelled the floating hotel through
the water. The sewing machine has changed


170
55b* Evolution.
aJl that. We have how female maeliiuists, not
those only who run sewing machines, but wo-
men who can direct and put together a machine ;
who can use screw-_lrivers, wrenches and other
mechanical tools, and ascertain a fault in the
adjustment of the mechanism and remedy it.
And, to tell the truth, they are not behind their
fellow-workmen of the other sex in their love for
and adaptibility to the work.
Here is an avenue opened to woman. She
may even invade the province of the greasy
mechanic without becoming greasy, and
with her instinctive delicacy of touch and
judgment, succeed where he would fail.
THE STURGIS WOMEN.
The Sturg is Journal reports that
The ladies of Sturgis met at Mrs. Pendletons parlor
on the 28th of August, to consult in regard to the coming
Annual School meeting, and the following resolutions
were proposed and accepted :
Resolved, That we will attend the annual schoolmeet-
ing to be held at Union School Hall on the 7th of Sept.,
and take part in said meeting as the law provides.
Resolved, That wo cordially invite all the ladies of
Sturgis to unite with us and go to the pieetiug, and take
part in the same.
Mrs. Wm. Kyte, Chairman.
Mrs. Porter, Secretary.
The Chicago Tribune says
The ladies of Sturgis, Micb., threaten to steal a march
on the male voters of that town. They have discovered
that the law of the state gives the right to vote in School
Meetings to all taxable persons twenty-one years of age
who have resided three months in the district. Assum
ing that women are persons, nineteen ladies of the dis-
trict have called a caucus of all taxable women prepara-
tory to the School Meeting, proposing to their taxed sis-
ters that they assert their right. We advise the men of
Sturgis to yield the claim of the ladies gracefully, and
permit female co-operation, in school management. If
women can teach schools they 6au help to elect School
Trustees. Mothers are interested quite as much as fa-
thers in the proper regulation of school matters, and if the
terms of the law admit them to the suffrage, and they
are disposed to act upon their right, aud accept corres-
ponding responsibility, we see no reason why men
should object. It would be of great advantage to have a
sensible woman on every school committee, not only in
Michigan, but elsewhere.
Capital. We hope to bear that the women of
every school district in the state of Michigan
attend the coming School Meetings, and act
well their part in the choice of trustees and
all niatters pertaining to the schools.
It is high time the schools of our large towns
especially should be wrested from the hands of
mere political gamblers. In this city, men hold
the office of trustee, who are not only innocent of
the mysteries of Etymology, Syntax and Prosidy,
and the Rule of Threebut actually compelled
to make their X. Let women of culture and
refinement be appointed trustees, commission-
ers and superintendents of our public schools,
and soon we should see great changes for the
better.
RATIONAL UNITARIAN CONVENTION.
It is high time that women should be repre-
sented in the conventions of the Liberal Chris-
tians, as Unitarians are wont to style them-
selves. Let ns hope every Unitarian church
throughout the country will, like Vineland, N. J.,
send a woman delegate to the National Conven
tion to be held in this city, the 6th of Oct. To
have that body composed of one half women
would add to its interest ami power tor useful-
ness ten fold, and no doubt result iu raising
a maguifioent fund for the education ol poor
but earnest young girls for the ministry.
e. Bi A
THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE CANDIDATES.
THE CANVASS IN ENGLAND.
No action, perhaps, did more to advance the
Woman Suffrage movement, since its com-
mencement at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848,
than the vote in the British Parliament.on the
20th of May, 1867, in favor of extending the suf-
frage to English worn en; and few persons deserve
more praise than tho noble 73 who voted for it,
and whose names are given below, for the first
time in America.
All the readers of The Revolution, no
doubt, feel an interest in the return of these
gentlemen to the new Parliament, the election
for which occurs in November. We, therefore,
intend to announce, from week to week, their
chances of re-election, and of any other Parlia-
mentary candidates who ate known to be advo-
cates of our principles. '
THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE VOTE.
William Shepherd Allen, Viscount Amberley, Edward
Baines, Thomas Barnes, William Hodgson Barrow, Mi*
chael Thomas Bass (Derby), Thomas Bazley, W. W*
Bramston Beach (HntsN.), Michael Biddulph, (Hereford-
shire), John Aloyslus Blake, Sir George Bower, John
Bright (Birmingham), Joseph Cowen, Robert Dalglish*
Hou. George Denman, Roger Eykyn, Henry Fawcttt,
Sir Francis H. Goldsmid (Reading), John Eldon Gorst,
Albert Grant, Captain Henry G. Gridley, George Hadfield*
Robert Bateson Harvey (Bucks), Lord John Hay (Ripon)*
Lord William M. Hay (Taunt.), John Henderson, John
Tomlinson Hibbert, Grosvenor Hodgkinson, Isaac Hol-
den, Thomas Hughes (Lambeth), Robert Henry Hurst
William Jackson, Sir Jervoise Clarke Jervoise, Hon. P.
John Locke King (Surr. E.), Henry Labouchere, W. Gore
Langton, William Henry Leatham, George John Shaw
Lefevro, Hon. Henry George Liddell, Andrew Lusk, Jo.
sepli Neale MHenna, Duncan McLaren, John Francis
Maguire, Charles Moore (Tipperary), Hon. Major Mor-
gan (Breconshire), Walter Morrison, James Lyster
O'Beirne, The ODonogbus, Lawrence Oliphant, Guild-
ford Onslow, Richard Padmore, Thomas Parry, John
Peel (Tamworth), Sir S. Morton Peto, John Platt, Wil- ;
liam PoUard-Urqubart. Sir James Power, John Pritchard,
Denis Joseph Rearden, Thomas James Agar Robartes>
David Robertson (Berwickshire), James Stansfteld, Os-
borne Stock, Chzis. Rice Mansel Talbot, Peter Alfred
Taylor (Leicester), Edward William Watkin, James What-
man, James White (Brighton), Benjamin Whitworth,
James Wyld, Hon. P. Wyndham (Cumb. W.), John Re-
ginald Yorke, Richard Young (Cambrldgshire).
Tellers for this Side.John Stuart Mill, Russell -
Gurney.
Lord William Hay is again speaking in Had-
dingtonshire, and, according to the London
Neics, is the son of a Tory Marquis who,
in the teeth of territorial influence, and of
his own family, has boldly attacked Lord El-
chos seat, for this borough.
Thomas Huges, well known to Americans, is
renominated in the borough of Lambeth with
two other Liberals. There is no chance for a
Conservative, for at the last election, out of
about 18,500 votes, the Conservatives received
but 514; and as Mr. Hughes is the most distin-
guished candidate of the three, it is quite cer-
tain he will once more enter the halls of Parlia-
ment.
Lord Amberley, who was visiting this coun-
try last winter, and who we had the pleasure of
knowing, being the son of Lord Russell, would
naturally receive the support of the tenantry of
the Duke of Bedford, and if so, would find his
cause greatly advanced. But if otherwise, the
fact of his being a Liberal lord, will, we think,
be sufficient to return him. South Devon is the
borough that supports him.
By cable, we see that John Bright published,
on the 1st ult., along aud eloquent address
to the voters of the city of Brmingham, in
which, among other things, he offers himself as a
candidate, and reviews at large the question of
suffrage, and repeats his desire for such an ex
tension of the franchise as will call into exer-
cise more of the enlightened intelligence of the
country. We judge he must have touched
upon the Womans Suffrage question, as he de-
sired more of the enlightened intelligence of the
country at the ballot-box. Xf so, we will in-
form our readers upon receiving our files of that
date.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
Mb. Pillsbuby and Gerrit Smith have been
cultivating very friendly relations for some time
which have at last culminated in a sentimental
exchange of photographs, as will be seen by the
following. What P. P. will say to a friend of
his stumping the country for Grantis yet to be
seen. As our white male editor is now re-
cruiting on the White Mountains of New Hamp-
shire, we have no doubt he will return with his
upper lip wreathed in smiles.
Peterboro, Sept. 7, 1868.
Parker PillsbubvMy Dear Friend : On my return
Jrom Oswego. I find your very welcome letter containing
the photograph. Accept my warm thanks for thu6 re"
membering me.
The likeness is well nigb perfect Nevertheless, had
I heen present when it was taken, I would have bid you
not bring down that upper lip into such close contact
with the lower one. I know you often do it, and that it
expresses your characteristic firmness. But there is
more beauty and aimablcness in your face when that up-
per lip is more relaxed.
When you hear that I have taken the stump for Grant
and Colfax, you will, perhaps, think that I had better
kept my upper lip more firm. I have made one speech
for them in Oswego, a lew days ago, and I hope to mako
many speeches tor them. I believe them to be true
friends of justice. My wife is fiom home; were she
here, she would join me in love to you. With very high
regard, your friend, Gebrxt Smith.
Cassopous, Mich., Sept. 1st, 1868.
Raox and readable Revolution :
Enclosed find $2, for which please pay Mrs. Almeda
Moon, Cassopolis, Mich., weekly visits for one year.
Hope to be able to 6end you more subscribers soon.
Those who denounce George Francis, are, in a majority o*
cases, abusing their superior. Our government should in
teriere in his behalf. C. C. Allison.
We folly agree with you that George Francis
Train is worthy the consideration of his govern-
ment. Never was a noble man so abused both
at home and abroad. We trust The Revolu-
tion may always prove racy and readable to
Mrs. Almeda Moon, and that she may so reflect
our light as to send a long list of subscribers.
taxing women and whipping childbbn.
Washington, Sept. loth.
' Mbs. Stanton : I am heartily glad to see the first
article iu The Revolution of last week, headed
Mount Vernon, and trust it will lead our country-
women to a general thoughtfulness on that point. It is
not necessary that sixty per cent, of the taxes should be
paid by woman, before public meetings be held and so-
cieties organized to consider the evil, that every prop-
erty-holding woman feels, who has no voice in the
spending of her money.
At the close of a war visited in judgment upon this
country for its injustice to a part of Us people, how re-
pentant and wise for the government to hasten to ac-
knowledge the principle that taxation and representation
are inseparable, and to enact laws to prevent another-
contest, bitter and irrepressible as that which has se-
cured to the negro h s rights.
Hon. Thomas J. Durant, in a speech before the Grant
Club of thi6 city, struck the key-note which should vi-
brate through this Presidential campaign. After urging
his party to keep the faith of the people, he says, The
women and the working men arc clamoring for their
rights. He declares that exact justice, being a funda-
mental principle of a republican government, is the only
safe plan o( reconstruction. And he, and others of the
republican party, are ready to support it. His prophetic
words should be made a campaign document, and who-
ever wi)i not grant the just claims of the women and the


$Jt* §#V0luti0t*. 171
4
workingmen who clamor should be voted down.
In this way another war may be averted.
Your second article olJ the same paper, headed Wo*
mans Suffrage in Micliigau, indicates how woman may
exert a political influence until she has a legitimate bal-
lot-box. Timid as are the women in reference to step-
ping out of their allotted spheres, thousands would
eater into a reform of the school system, that excludes
the mother and sister from directing iu the training ol
the children, if in every county a few of our women
would go the polls and deposit their votes.
It is a good omen that, year by year, ihe comparative
number of female teachers are iacreasing and self-govern-
ment in children is being developed more vapidly than
ever before ; though still more rapid improvement
might be expected, if a wiser choice of trustees, ex-
aminers and directors of schools were selected.
A most excellent system of training, or governing, as
we say, has been adopted throughout the colored schools
of this city and the south with grand results, under the
direction of benevolent associations and individuals who
have paid the salaries of teachers sent by them, and
have naturally enough decided that as the floggings of
two hundred years have developed neither good morals
nor good manners, the teachers, who were the best the
world ever saw, generally persons who could control
their own spirits, should try the Christian principle of ex-
horting, rebuking, and wailing till the understanding of
the child could be reached, iustead of applying the rod, in
the belief that two wrongs would no t make one right. It
is to be ieared that a change for the worse will come over
these schools iu this city, now that they are to bo con-
trolled by a Board. At a meeting of the trustees and
teachers of the white schools, a few days since, the sub*
ject of government or discipline was under discussion,
aud one of the trustees remarked, that if the slick and
ferrol were to be used, care should be taken not to
leave the marks, as it would, perhaps, make trouble in
the family. These marks have made trouble before in
the government as well as family.
J. S, Griffing.
Plato says, whoever strikes a child, degrades
both the child and himself. It is high time
public attention was drawn to the cruel wrongs
indicted on children, both at home and in
school. Neither the cardinal virtues, the
sciences, or the claim can be put into chil-
children on the Solomonic plan. That king
might have been wise for his time, hut in the
nineteenth century people are beginning to
think the law of love is better than violence.
, FROM KANSAS.
Dear Miss Anthony : The work is steadily progress-
ing, though encouragement aud discouragement meet us
hand in hand. Everywhere throughout the state I find
those who are still laboring earnestly .and untiringly for
the grand accomplishment. While, on the other hand, it
is painful to witness the condition of indifference and
apathj into which many have fallen since the great ex-
citement of last tall. And again, some are now indulg-
ing iu biterness of opposition which they had not be
fore dreamed of. Still the Revolution goes on. Public
opinion is gradually and almost imperceptibly changing,
and when this all-absorbiDg question of political power
is decided, and the country has once more relapsed into
the ordinary routine for another teyn of four years, we
shall find the question of Woman again reviving and the
next time the question comes up in Kansas, it will be
successfully carried. The Revolution has p great
field ot labor in this state, where to relax effort is only to
lose advantage already gained, and I am glad to see its cir-
culation daily increasing here, although what the repub-
licans call its late democratic proclivities have somewhat
estrauged that class of politicians. Their first greeting
is, you have gone over to the democrats! You have
apostatized! Oh, no, we reply ; we never adhered
to any party. We espouse no policy, but stand on
the broad platform of truth and justice. But, they
urge, the ladies tried to c^ep into the Democratic
Convention, and if they are not democrats, it is only
because the democrats would not receive them! This
class of men are incorrigible! You cannot talk to
them, for they will do all the talking. You'cannot reason
with them, for they are unreasonable! Therefore, I
suppose the only way we can do is to leave them to their
own reflections. Time will produce the result that we
have patiently labored to obtain. When the heat of the
battle has worn off, and they can coolly view themselves
and others in the calm light of truth, they will be willing
to acknowledge that Miss Anthony was not as demoral-
ized after all, because she tried to geftSe democrats of
adopt noble principles in their platform* Although it
would seem that .experience might have taught her that
any such effort would meet with like result. However,
I firmly believe in the old adage. nothing ventured,
nothing gained, and on that principle lam now work-
ing. *
Leavenworth, Sept. 3d, 18G8.
CORNELL UNIVERSITY.
Ann Arbor, Mich., August 8, 18(58.
My Dear Miss Anthony : Is there any way in which
I can nave my name affixed to the petition to have Cor*
nell University opened to women.
It was a bitter disappointment to me that I could not
bo present at the Teachers Convention at Owego. I am
a New York school teacher. If the University is opened
to women I shall become one of its students.
Yours, with great respect,
Emily A. Hayward.
We publish the above letter in the hope that
it may stimulate other young women to seek
admission to the Cornell University, which,
like the Michigan University, belongs to the
stateto the women thereof as well as the men^
It is located at Ithaca, because Ezra Cornell of-
fered nearly a million dollars to endow profes-
sorships and start the school.
THE SFUtlT OF TRUE REFORM.
Skaneateles, Aug. 30, 1868.
Editors of the Tlwolutton.
When there is what is called a religious revival in the
neighborhood, it has the effect to harmonize the differ-
ent religious denominations, and they meet together to
preach, to pray and sing praises to God for Ihe outpour-
ing of his spirit upon them, and many converts are
made to the Christian religion. But by and by when
the different ministers begin to think it is time to gather
the newly made converts to their churches, then the
discussions upon doctrine and theological questions
arise, and when the attention is engrossed with these
the outpouring of the spirit is checked and this divine
influence passes away and they are left to feed upon the
husks of theiv profession and it is dry food indeed.
Now this great and I may say glorious work has be-
gun, to emancipate woman from the oppression and de-
pression of her mental, her physical and spiritual being,
and set her at liberty to exercise the powers of body
and mind that her Creator has endowed her with and is
susceptible of a high state of cultivation, and is capable
of making a most honored and useful member of society
in whatever position she may chance to occupy.
It seems to me much more dignified to go steadily
forward with this mighty work whero such vital inter
ests are depending than to turn aside to give this one a
cuff that said some disagreeable things about it, or give
that one a kick, that has said worse things, *or knock
this one down that has said all manner of evil again t
the movement. This state of things is no doubt, inter-
esting to the parties, for it raises a spirit of combative-
ness, makes them keener witted and more capable of
those withering sarcasms that are sometimes sent like
poisoned arrows to the heart < f others, and the cause is
more injured than can ever be retrieved. And when
such personalities are read by those that feel d eeply in-
terested in this movement it oasts a shadow. over the
mind that those that h ad undertaken this great work
were not wholly redeemed from the dross of this world
or the powers of darkness that are being thrown around
them by the enemies of the cause. That if it was a
righteous cause they would have strength and wisdom
given them from on high that would enable them to go
on with it without sword or battle-axe, .-then all dis-
agreeable personalities can he avoided and the subject
would be much better appreciatedat least so it seems to
me. And as David said, if the righteous smite me it
shall be as an excellent oil, it shall not break my head,
therefore rebukes in a righteous spirit will do more
good than all the sarcasms in the world, however shrewd
and witty they may be. The righteous shall shine as
the stars for ever and ever.
Sincerely hoping for the triumph of justice and right.
Yours, l. f.
We had the pleasure of meeting the writer of
the above letter, under the roof of her son-in-
law, Anson Lapham. She is now in the 80th
year of her age, and' rapidly declining with
pulmonary consumption. Yet, she is still
beautiful and most charming in her manners
and conversation. She is a woman of great cul-
tivation) rare common sense, and & deeply re-
ligous nature. She remindod us of our dear
friend Lucretia Mott ; the same large, well
shaped head, dark thoughtful eyes, and spirited
face, and like her, takes a deep interest in the
political, religious, and social questions of the
day. In many long conversations, she gave the
editors of {?The Revolution much excellent
advice. Our last talk as we sat together hand
in hand, looking out on the beautiful lawn and
lake, we shall never forget. Turning to her
friend, Miss Anthony, she said with great sweet-
ness, While I love thee dearly, and read thy
paper with interest and pleasure, I am not quite
satisfied with the spirit in which tbee presses
thy work. I would have thee ever utter thy
highest thought, but never say one unkind word
of friend or foe.
Would that we had the grace to remember aud
act on what may be to us her last words. Would
that like the good Abbe De Semminus, our
motto might ever be, Let the weal and woe ot
humanity be everything to us, their praise and
blame of no effect.
We would suggest, however, to our dear friend,
that there is such a thing as a holy indignation,
and that we find precedents for our denunciations
of evil doers in the utterances of Isaiah and
Jeremiah, of Jesus and Paul, of Luther and
Calvin, of Garrison and Phillips, and of George
Fox and Elias Hicks, who repudiated in no
measured terms the creeds, codes and customs of
their day.
MINISTER ORDAINED BY WOMAN.
Boston, Mass., Sept. 3,1868.
A new incident in the history of the church
occurred at Marblehead, in this state, yesterday.
At the ordination ot William Garrison Haskell,
as pastor of the first Uuniversalist church of
that place, Rev. Phebe A. Hanaford, of Hing-
ham, delivered the charge, and the Rev.
Olympia Brown, of Weymouth, the prayer. This
being, so far as I am aware, the first occasion
when women have taken a leading part in the
ordination service of any church, it has seemed
to me worthy of notice in The Revolution,
and a matter of interest to the world.
At two oclock, p.m., there assembled at the
first Universalist church a large congregation,
among whom were many persons from other
portions of New England. The ordaining ex-
ercises were very impressive, and were con-
ducted in the following order :
1. Anthem. 2. Invocation by Rev. W. Spauld-
ing, of Salem. 3. Reading of Scriptures, Rev.
George H. Vibbert, of Rockport. 4. Hymn (a
very beautiful one written for this service), by
Rev. Phebe A. Hanaford. 5. Sermon, Rev. H.
R. Nye, of Springfield. 6. Hymn (written for
this service), by Miss Sarah G. Duley. 7. Or-
daining prayer, Rev. George H. Gilbert. 8.
Charge and delivery of the Scriptures, by Rv.
Phebe A. Hanaford, of Hingham. 9. Rig'at
Hand of Fellowship, Rev. H. C. Belong, of
Danvers. 10. Charge to the Society, Rev. W.
Spaulding. 11. Pr&yer, by Rev. Olympia
Brown, of Weymouth. 12. and 13. Anthem and
Benediction.
A novel incident of the service was the laying
on of hands, conducted by four ministers, Mrs.
Hanaford and Miss Brown participating. The
charge by the Rev. Mrs. Hanaford was as beau-
tiful as the eloquent words and forcible manner
of that spiritual woman could make it. She
commenced by saying, George, my dear
brother, you have chosen Phebe, servant of the
'-hurch of Hingham/to give you the ^solemn


172
|Uv0luU0;
charge, and to deliver unto you the oracles of
God, one of which is your belief that there is
neither tribe, nor caste, nor sex in the religion
of Christ Jesus. Near the close of her remarks
she expressed her assurance that he would suc-
ceed ; because, among other reasons, he had
shown by choosing a woman to take this part of
ihe service, his views, and had thrown down the
gauntlet to those who would place women and
idiots side by side on tbe statute-book. As a
whole, her charge was masterly, womanly, and
more impressive than usually listened to on such
occasions. The prayer of Miss Brown also de-
serves especial notice for its fervor and elo-
quence. h.
1UE NIAGARA C0UN2T WOMAN FAR-
MER,
Editors of the Revolution:
As facts are worth more than theories, I will
give you some account of Mrs. Roberts, who
has gained the appellation at the head of this
article. Some three years ago I visited her
home in Pekin, a small village in Niagara Co.,
New York. Mrs. Robertss family consisted of
herself, husband, seven girls, and two boys. The
mother, at the outset of her married life, had re-
solved to make no distinction in the develop-
meut of her children, and she and her daughters
weut into the field and worked side by side with
the men; the result was, the girls could do as
much work, and do it equally as well, as the
boys, and tbe women were equal with tbe men
in strength and capacity. At the time of my
visit, sis of the daughters had attained woman-
hood, and I was astonished to see the difference
in the physical development of these women
and those in the world at large ; every one of
them would measure across the shoulders and
around the waist, as much as any common
sized man. There was no part of farm work but
what they could do. Any one of these women
would hitch the horses to the wagon, load it
with barrels of apples, potatoes, or cords of
wood, or whatever it might be, drive eight miles
to market, sell and discharge their produce,
caring as little for what the world said of them,
as though it had no existence. They had a little
world of their own, and who ever went there to
visit them, felt a sense of freedom such as could
not be felt elswhere, at least, so it seemed to me,
Mrs. Roberts instituted what was called a farm
school, employing a good teacher, and taking a
few children from abroad. She had four hours
each day devoted to study, and six to work, and
after that, the time was spent in pleasure and
recreation. Musical and|literary entertainments
were gotten up, in which all the members joined,
old and young. I have seen the father on several
occasions engage in a wrestling match with some
one of his daughters, when it was hard to tell
who gained the mastery; anl here I will say*
th.it Mr. Roberts is a man six feet in height, and
of good mental qualities. He, as well as his wife,
has been ever active in the cause of reform, he
has presented several useful inventions to the
publio, among which is a peat machine, which
he is now engaged in manufacturing, and bring-
ing before the public. They sold their farm so;>n
after my4i visit there, and now four of the
daughters are married, and the family is some-
what scattered. Mrs. Roberts is beginning to
come before the public as a speaker on^equal
rights, dress, reform, and kindred subjects. I
am pretty sure she is a reader of The Revolu-
tion, and should this meet her eye, I hope she
will be induced to write something which may
be of interest to your readers. And now in con-
clusion, I will say that the great lack of many
minds, is a knowledge of what womans sphere is.
i say there are no rules to be laid down in the
matter; let her do any and all kinds of work
that her nature inclines her to. Let us begin wi th
tbe children, and treat boys and girls equally
alike, allowing them to do that kind of work
they have a desire for, and not cramping them
into positions which their whole nature abhors.
How many times I have heard a woman called a
slattern, because sbe could not keep a house in
order, when had she beenallowed to write out her
sublime thoughts, which were all in another di-
rection,she would have astonished the world with
her genius. Talk about women getting out of
their sphere; can they do so any more than they
are now. Look at the thousands of women who
are not fit to be mothers, mid yet are constantly
bringing children into existence, children which
will rise up to curse them for that very existence ;
and why is this? because society is forcing
women into marriage, before they have any
knowledge of what they are fitted for and what
they might excel in. We want better wives,
mothers and children, and before we can have
this, we must have better women.
Lizzie Leavenworth.
Women at the Oab The Home Journal says,
at the recent Isle of Man Regatta, held in Doug-
lass Bay, a pleasing novelty was introduced in
the shape of a boat race, open to lady competi-
tors only. The prize consisted of two handsome
gold locketsa locket for each oarswoman, as
the boats were to be pair-oared. The winning-
boat (the Duchess) was rowed by two young la-
dies of the IslandMiss Stevenson and Miss
Kewley.
The Right Spieit.It is said that twenty-
eight ladies, members in good and regular stand-
ing of the Congregational Church in Elmwood,
Conn., have seceded, because denied the right
of taking part in church proceedings.
The Way to Do It.A western paper says :
A young lady farmer in the fruit region of
Southern Illinois got 20 per cent more for her
strawberries than others because she gave bet-
ter measure and had nicer fruit. If the ladies
will go on in this way, the question will be
whether men ought to vote.
Mbs. Gapt. Tebby, whose husband recently
deceased, has been appointed keeper of the new
lighthouse at Escanaba, Michigau.
Womens Progress in France.The young women of
Paris are about to enjoy the privileges of the Sorbonne
a college for poor students founded in the twelfth century
by Robert de Sorbonne. Courses of instruction for wo-
men have been organized and are a great success.
Nearly three hundred ladies attend tbe lectures, among
whom are many members of high families, including
two neices of the Empress. The lectures at the Sorbonne
are illustrated, when necessary, by physical apparatus
of a costly nature and very magnificient description.
Suffrage Convention of Colored Men.A
call is out for a Colored Suffrage Convention, lo
meet in Utica, New York, on the 5fch of October.
The call says right earnestly :
We waut suffrage, we want our due rights to the lull
prerequisites, we want a free, liberal, public school sys-
tem and that invidious, impudent, separate school system
abolished, in short, everything in public policy of state,
inimical and prejudicial to a republican, and we intend
never to cease all righteous agitation, until every disa-
bility is removed, and evsry right obtained.
DOMESTIC AND POLITICAL ECONOMY
LOR WOMEN.
If common law means common justice, I
cannot see why women may not understand it,
and dispense it, at least, as far as the qualifica-
tion to vote for sober, just rulers is concerned.
The study of domestic and political economy
is one of intense interest to me, and should be
better understood by the women of our country.
I hear women frequently say, I think it none
of my business where or how my husband gets
the money, only so hegives me all I need. Not
more than one in a thousand pretends to under-
stand anything about her husbands business, or
money affairs. To such, reverses come some-
times like an avalanche. I was once arrested
for kidnapping a little girl, and wrote out the
facts in the case for my attorney, who went
with me into court and presented my writ-
ten statement to the judge. After reading it,
and seeing the child, and her drunken step-
father and poor, degraded mother, he gave her
liberty to go with me or her mother; she chose
to go home with me. The facts were these: A
lady neighbor of mine, Mrs. Wilson, had given
shelter to two girls, the eldest about twelve, and
the younger nine years old, whose step-father
had been sent to prison for abuse of his wife and
these two children that composed his family. The
mother was taken into the Lunatic Asylum, and
the neighbors were glad to do all in their power
for the poor children who were friendless. Mrs.
Wilson requested me to take the younger one and
send her to school, which I did for about three
months. The father had served his time out in
prison, and was releasedhe was a good me-
chanic, and soon got employment, and began to
lay up a little moneyhe signed the temperance
pledge, and his wife was dismissed from the
asylum, cured. They hired a little single room,
and lived for a few weeks quite comfortably,
but the wifes extravagance and love of idleness
and drink returned. The two girls were sent
for, and obliged by their wretched Jmother to
sleep iu the same room, and one of them in the
same bed with the step-father and herself. Win-
ter set in, and one bitter cold, snowy night,
the father coming home late from some
carousal, turned the three into the street with-
out shoes or clothing. The youngest one came
to me, and I took her again. The mother and
eldest one fled, I do not know where ; but next
day the mother came and seemed very grateful
to me for my kindness, and the poor little one
was again dressed well and sent to school. In
about three weeks, another truce being patched
up, the pledge again signed by both parents,
the girls were remanded, and my trembling,
pleading one, again forced to go to her home of
idleness and want.
In a few days she came again begging to be
protected from her cruel step-father, who had
whipped her unmercifullywe did hide her
several times in a closet when her mother came
to demand h$rthe poor child trembling and
crying, and almost frqplic with fear. Then I
was arrested, and pleaded my own case before
the Supreme Court Judge. Why not? But in
the end, I was so beset and without the time or
proper means to defend myself, I was obliged to
deiiv.r the child to her mother. In a short time
I lost sight of the family, and only heard that
tbe eldest one was among the living lost! I
think the younger one died young.
I have no doubt if that woman had been edu-
cated to habits of industry and economy, the
husband, with his good mechanical trade and


proper help from the wife; would have made a
different home and life for these poor little girls.
This may seem an extreme case of ignorance of
domestic economy, but I am sure a very few
women know the worth of their husbands hard
earned money, especially those who have never
earned their own living. Sometimes I think the
poor are more profligate than the rich, at least
in spending small sums for trifles, as laces, rib-
bons, and useless show.
Yesterday we passed a house where three gen*
orations live.* The farm is about one hundred
acres, well stocked and tilled. The house a
common farm-house one and half story, but
clean and painted white. The old grand-
parents, beloved and respected, own the real
estate, and the only son and wife take the entire
charge and care of farm and house. Their only
son has a few weeks since brought home his
new wife, and with the help of one or two hired
servants, things seem prosperous and happy.
At least, gossip can And nothing but good about
them. Such persons seem to me to under-
stand something of domestic economy. But
I would love to see them build another
house, and have a good large family-of children.
They all appear to be healthy and long lived.
Their farm is about one mile from a large village
where the cars stop several times daily, and in
a few years must be divided some of it at least,
into building lots at a good price. We stopped
to ask for a drink of buttermilk and enjoyed a
pleasant call. Another, a case of an intelligent,
faithful girl, who became saleswoman in a
store, has learned the business and conducts it
well. Her employers have bought a country
seat, and after several years, retired from busi-
ness, leaving her in charge with the privilege of
buying the entire store, and paying for it by
small installments. Sbe, too, has. learned some-
thing of domestic economy. And although she
may be one of whom good Paul said, Better
not to marry, she will be a mother to many a
motherless one seeking bread through employ-
ment.
Women, allow me to advise you to study
domestic economy, politicaleconomy, and
above all, study the laws of life and health, both
of body and mind. c. s. l.
STAND FROM UNDER.
The papers give account of the largest aero-
lite that has yet torn its terrible way down the
spheres ; reminding one of Congressman Bout-
wells hole in the sky in good earnest.
The following is a condensed discription :
A very large and brilliant aerolite has recently fallen in
Cheatham county, Tennessee. A party of men at work
in the field, about Id miles from Nashville, a4, about one
o'clock on the 12th of August, were startled by a pale
red glare that seemed to overspread the clouds just
north of the zenith, the rest of the heavens being at
that time darkly overcart. Suddenly they saw a white
object fall obliquely from a brilliant funnel-like aperture,
the sides of which seemed to he jagged clouds inteusel y
luminous. The object descended and struck the earth
near by with a terrific noise and such tremendous force
as to shake all the surrounding country, and to loosen
and throw down trees from the rocky hillsides adjacent.
It struck upon a seamless ledge of limestone about three
feet in thicknessrending it for a distance of fifty feet
and throwing the fragments in every direction for many
rods. At the point of contact, the rock when first
visited was covered with a fine, white floury paste, and
from the aperture steam ascended, and the place was so
hot that no one could approach it for three days. At the
end of that time, a gang of men were set to Work to dig
out the celestial missile. After working through the
ledge, which had already been sufficiently blasted,
they found the aerolite at the depth of 20 feet in blue
olsy, It was still hot, and covered with a film of oxide
(the floury paste- was probab'y some of the oxide), and
was of a conical shape, the point downward, with an alti-
tude of about seven feet and a base oircumference of ten
feet. The Smithsonian institution has made a bid for
it, and the Tennesseeans are also moving to have it kept
at their own state capital. This body is one of the
smallest of the great multitude of bodies that fill the in-
terplanetary spaces, the comets being the largest. Ac-
cording to the latest astronomical theories, the sun is
kept hot and luminous by the heat generated by collision
with such bodies.
ROOM FOR THE ROUND TABLE.
Whoso smoketh let him understand. The
Round Table is right in what follows:
The street is not a private smoking-room. One man
has no more light to void his tobacco-smoke into the
face of another man than be has to void his saliva. II he
has, why, in the name of sense ? Because the smoke is
less disagreeable? That is a matter for individual pre-
ference ; and, besides, a man has no right to do the least
disagreeable thing. Why may not a man appear on
Broadway with a stick strapped horizor tally across his
back, or an open package of assafcefcida in his poc. et, or
a polecat in his arms, or his clothes dripping with kero-
sene-oil, or a rattlesnake around his neck, with as much
right as he maysmdke there? Because it is not cus-
tomary to carry assafcetida in the pocket,-nobody thinks
about it; if it only were the custom, we should hear a
fearful cry even from the tobacco smokers themselves
If a man treads upon anothers foot he apologizes ; but
he will carelessly void offensive smoke into his. very
throat, and never think that he does anything reprehen-
sible. If a man dislikes smoking, he can keep out of the
street. But the right of the tobacco-hater in the street
is equal to that of the tobacco lover; to refrain from
smoking in public places is not granting a concession,
but nob to refrain is violating a right. Upon actual
right, without reference to the sanction of custom, a man
would be perfectly justifiable in resenting the smoking
of tobacco near him as a personal affront.
COUNTRY HOMES.
Deer Pare, Long Island, )
August 26, 1868. f
Editors of the Revolution :
You have, at page 110 of the current volume,
No. 7, done me the honor to insert in your
spicy publication, certain words of mine headed
My Cottage near the Pines, which, as there
appears no specified locality, may, perhaps,
somewhat bewilder your numerous readers.
The paragraphs in question were written some
time ago, and intended originally to preface
some verses which you very properly deolined,
because otherwise you must have infringed your
good rule not to accept any poetry whatsoever.
The verses, however, which I allude to, and
which endeavored to intensify what you have
inserted from me in prose, appeared about five
weeks ago in the columns of the New York Sun.
I dated them from my residence, because we
have found health and peace here at a cheap
rate, and near to all the appliances of civiliza-
tion.
I cannot help reiterating the idea that were
population more diffused, and town and coun-.
try more blended, there would be a better state
of things generally. Mrs. Gates sings
Oh, give me the life of the fanners wife,
and of the two, it certainly is preferable to the
city sewing or washerwoman, but each would
be bettered by combination, and as an advocate
of Womans Rights, I would like to see her have
her share of health, strength and happiness in
all of her vocations.
I am, very respectfully, yours,
Bower Wood.
Progress.Liberal newspapers are multiply-
ing in France. Every important town, it is now
said, will soon have its democratic organ,
ATROCITY IN FASHION,
Jennie June, the very highest authority in
America on styles and modes, rips open the
pannier abomination after this sort:
But what of the latest atrocity in fashion, the abomin-
able panniers P The only place as yet where they have
flourished undisguised and without restraint is Saratoga.
Are they to reappear in all their hideous deformity dur-
ing the coming fashionable season in New York ? For
the honor of our sex we hope not. If women were really
the mere puppets which society endeavors to make them,
we should have no objection to see them rendered de-
formed, grotesque, or ridiculous, any more than we
should to witness the vagaries of a Punch and Judy
show.
But to see real women, women of flesh and blood and
heart and brain, lend themselves to such aping of hor-
rible deformity, is worse than saddeningit makes one
fear for them a dreadful retributionunnaturally bora
children, for instance, a nation in the future of wretched
humpbacks and crooked monsters.
We have no disposition to speak of machinery by which
this shameful apparent excrescence is produced. There
are pannier hooped skirts complete in themselves, but,
as a general rule, the pannier bustle is detached, and
can be worn or removed at pleasure. Of course the form
of thepannier must be perfected underneath th e dress and
other skirts, or the fullness in mere textile fabrics would
collapse, and the stylish hump be entirely lost.
A more fitting accompaniment to the donkey pannier
could not be found than the Grecian bend, or the
colic stoop as it is more properly called, and the
mincing step, now affected by society young ladies.
Such absolute silliness is not worth talking seriously
about, and should not be considered as reflecting dis.
credit upon women generally, any more than the drawl
of the dandy should serve as conclusive evidence that the
male sex are destitute of brains. Still, we must confess
that we never see the fashionable hump, and bend, and
step, without wishing that we could avail ourselves of an
old-fashioned privilege, and give the exhibitor of these
doubtful airs and graces a good spanking.
There are addle-headed young men, generally very
young men, who, if it were fashionable for ladies to wear
steeples on their heads, would delightedly follow in the
train of the tallest steeple ; but do not think from this*
girls, that men admire absurdities in women. There
is not a man, with the smallest grain of common sense,
who does not laugh at affectations and falsities, and set
them down to general weakness and .silliness on the part
of the whole female sex.
RASGALU Y OF A MORMON BISHOP.
The Salt Lake Reporter says, a Mormon bishop
and a party of men, from one of the wards of
the city, took a sub-contract upon the joint
stock plan, under the general contract of Brig-
ham Young. They purchased the necessary tools
upon time, and finally completed the work, the
Bishop keeping all accounts and looking after
things generally. The men are now informed
that it will take more than will be received
lor their work to pay for the tools, which the
Bishop says, will have to be sold to help pay the
tool makers bill. The Bishop will not exhibit
or make a statement of any accounts, and tbe
poor laboring men, alter spending several weeks
at the hardest kind of work, are in a fair way to
be swindled out of their money. Webring this
into The Revolution as a singular illustra-
tion of affairs between the government of the
United States and the people who do the work,
earn the money, pay the taxes, and thus are
compelled multitudes of them to live and die
miserably poor.
A Bad Sign.Wealthy men at the West are
investing their money in immense farms. Com-
modore Wm, F. Davidson of St. Paul has just
bought 17,000 acres of land in Redwood County,
Minnesota, which he proposes to devote to the
cultivation of wheat. It would be better that
1,700 men instead of one man had that amount


174
WEBSTER MA1GHED BY A WOMAN.
From tiie Omaha Herald.
Ik the somewhat famous case of Mr. Bodgens will,
which was tried in the Supreme Court some years ago,
Mr. Webster appeared as counsel for the appellant.
Mrs. Greenough, wiie of Bey. Wm. Greenough, late of
Weston, a tall, straight, queenly looking woman, with a
keen, black eyea woman of great self-possession and
decision of characterwas called to the stand as a wit-
ness on the opposite side. Mr. Webster, at a glance, had
the sagacity to foresee that her testimony, it it contained
anything of importance, would have great weight with
the court and jury. He therefore resolved, if possible,
to break her up, and when she answered to the first ques-
tion putto her I believe, Mr.Webster roared out:
We dont want to hear what you believe, we want to
hear what yon know!
Mrs. Greenough replied: Thats just what I was
about to say, sir, and went on with her testimony. And
notwithstanding his repeated efforts to disconcert her,
she pursued the even tenor of her way, till Webster,
quite 'earful of the result, arose apparently in great agi-
tation, and drawing out his snuff box, thrust his fingers
to the very bottom, and carrying tbe deep pinch to both
nostrils, drew it up with a gusto, and then extracting
from his pocket a very large handkerchief, which flowed
to his feet as he brought it to the front, he blew his nose
with a report that rang distinct and loud through the
hall.
WebsterMrs. Greenough, was Mrs. Bodgen a neat
woman ?
Mrs. G.I cannot give you very full information as to
that, sir. She had one very dirty trick.
WebsterWhat was that madam ?
Mrs. G.She took snuff.
The roar in the court house was such that the defender
of the Constitution subsided, and neither rose nor spoke
again till 'rs. Greenough bad vacated her chair for an-
other witness, having ample time to. reflect upon the
ioglorous history of the man who bad a stone thrown
on his head.
The New York Sun.This enterprising and
admirably conducted newspaper offers premiums
to new subscribers as follows :
To every subscriber who shall send one dollar for tbe
the Weekly, or two dollars for the Semi-weekly Sun, we
will .forward by mail, post paid, any one of the follow-
ing-named vines or plants as gifts. All who wish to
avail themselves of this offer this fall should forward
their subscriptions by the first of November next, as it
will not do to send plants to the north at a much later
period.
In seleotihg the gifts it will only be necessary to men-
tion the number as given below :
No. 12 Concord grapevinos. 22 Hartford prolific
grapevines. 31 Delaware grapevine. 41 Iona grape-
vine. 52 Early Wilson blackberry. 62 Kittatinny
blackberry. 71 Davisons thornless raspberry. 81
Seneca black raspberry. 91 Mammoth cluster rasp-
berry. 101 Monthly black raspberry. 111 Summit
yellow raspberry. 121 Philadelphia raspberry. 131
Clarke raspberry. 142 Cherry currant. 152 White
grape currant. 161 Early rose potatoe.
And to every lady subscriber we will send a bud of the
beautifol and rare Japan lily, and for cldbs of six will
send six varieties of lilies; for clubs of twelve, six
varieties of Japan lilies and six of choice Gladiolus.
Every plant sent will be correctly labelled and care-
fully packed so that it shall roach its destination in good
condition.
Female Mabrried Teachers.The Balti-
more Sun says, in noticing the action of tbe
Public School Trustees of that city in dispens-
ing with the service of married female teachers,
that the custom in Baltimore and other cities is
to consider marriage in the light of a resigna-
tion.
Labor and Capital.It is said that Oliver
Dalrymple, who is the largest farmer in the
State of Minnesota, having 1,700 acres devoted
to wheat, will have cleared $100,000 from the
last two harvests, including the one now being
secured. But how much will the laborers who
earned the hundred thousand get of it?
fjUwltttitftt."
China and the Arts.Mr. Emerson says,
Chinais old not in time only, but in wisdom,
which is gray hairs to a nationor rather,
truely seen, is eternal youth. As we know,
China had the magnetcenturies before Europe
and gunpowder, vaccination, canals, had
anticipated Linnaeuss nomenclature of plants ;
she had codes, journals, clubs, hackney-coaches;
and, thirty centuries before New York, had the
custom of New Years calls of comity and recon-
ciliation. Mr. Jenckes of Rhode Island has twice
attempted to carry through Congress, requiring
that candidates for public offices shad first pass
examination on their literary qualifications for
the same. Well, China has preceded us, as
well as England and France, in this essential
correction, and the like esteem of education ap-
pears in social life as an indispensible passport.
Club Houses.The New York Observer says,
a Club house for ladies in Boston, and* one in
New York, are signs of a decay in social and
domestic manners and morals that no Christian
can regard without painful reflections. Exactly,
our reverend friend; but why do you not include
Club houses for men in your anathema'?
Bay State Virtue.The Boston Transcript
wickedly publishes a list of items copied from
different pages of the last report of the City
Auditor, showing that the different branches of
the government spent a total of $1,525 for
photographs of themselves, including frames,* *
during the year.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Froducls and Labor Et'ee.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
laniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paiedfrom Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Oredil Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver'
Bullion to sell foreigner's at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSIAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION,
VOL. ILNO. 11.
MONEY AND MACHINERY.
Among political economists, the nature and
regulation of money appear to have been sub-
jects of the utmost difficulty. We have no full
account of its functions, and no satisfactory an-
swer to the numerous and perplexing questions
which arise concerning its value and regulation.
The alternate abundance and scarcity of money,
and the variations of interest, are supposed to
be irremediable evils. It would seem that gold
and silver coins inherently possess a mysterious
power, which defies all regulation, and renders
impossible a comprehensive monetary system.
It is doubtless true, that while the nature of a
thing is not understood, all attempts to regu-
late it must prove ineffectual, and legislative
bodies have hitherto instituted money in a very
imperfect way. The money of a nation, instead
of being a power by which a few capitalists
may monopolize the greater part of the earn-
ings of labor, ought to be a power which should
distribute pi'oducts to producers, according to their
labor expended in the production.
The labor-saving machines that have been
invented within the last half century, have
greatly., facilitated production. Improvements
in implements of husbandry have materially
lessened agricultural labor; and most articles
manufactured by machinery are made with less
than one-fourth of the labor that was formerly
required. We should naturally suppose that
these improvements would be a great relief and
advantage to the laboring classes ; and that they
vould feel grateful to those who have studied
out the laws of nature and invented the ma-
chines. Yet both the inventors of machinery,
and the operatives, in general, continue to toil
on in want, and many of them have neither
means nor leisure to educate their children.
Increased facility in production seems to in-
crease the number and multiply tbe wants of
those who live in idle luxury, instead of afford-
ing the desired relief to actual producers. Fifty
years ago, the farmers raised, carded and spun
their wool; they raised flax and spun most of
their liuen ; and cotton was also mostly carded
and spun by each family to supply its own
wants. Now, farmers who raise wool, cotton
and flax, sell the raw materials, which often
pass through a number of hands before they
reach the manufacturer. The manufactured
goods again pass through several hands before
they reach the consumer. Machinery has col-
lected the people into towns and villages to
work iii large factories, where they sell their
labor, and buy their board and clothing. This
greatly augments the necessity for the exchange
of goodsthe more machinery the greater the
necessity for the exchange of productsyet
there has been no new invention in financial
affairs, by which the exchange may be more
equitably and easily made. True, we have in-
creased the amount of gold and silver coins,
and the number of banks, bank-notes, and
money-brokers, but this is no more an improve-
ment in the medium of distribution, than an
increase in the number of pack-horses on the
old muddy roads would be an improvement in
conveying products, while it would still take
the same muscular power to convey a given
weight. A railroad made and a steam-engine
substituted for horses and oxen are great im-
provements in the mode and means of trans-
portation. Though the quantity to be conveyed
maybe increased tenfold, railroads and steam-
engines will fulfil all requirements; whereas if
we depended on an increased number of horses
aud oxen, want of teams and bad reads would
often cause great inconvenience. Bnt no in-
convenience of this kind could equal that expe-
rienced by the producers in consequence of the
defects of our monetary system. Just monetary
laws are of more importance to the laboriug
classes than all the machinery that has been
invented dining the last fifty years. And when
the needed reformation is made, the producing
classes, who will' gain the benefit of all im-
provements, will rejoice at every advance in
machinery, and the inventors will be hailed as
the benefactors of man. Kellogg's Monetary
System.


|Uv0lttti0tt.
175
THE MONEY MARKET
was easy throughout the week at 3 per cent, on govern-
ments and 4 per cent on stocks collaterals, with ex-
ceptions at 5 per cent. Discounts range from 6% to 7
per cent, for prime names. The distrust among banks
and money lenders still continues, owing to the un-
settled condition of the railway share market, and the
cliqued and inflated stocks, so .that a number of the
banks refuse to receive them as callaterals. The weekly
bank statement is favorable. The loans are increased.
$224,994, while there is a decrease in all the other items.
The specie $664,836, the circulation $30,503, the deposits
$2,865,271 and the legal tenders $2,554,435.
The following table shows the changes in the New"
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
Sept. 5.
Loans, $271,830,696
Specie, 16,815,779
Circulation, 34,170,419
Deposits, 207,854,341
Legal-tenders, 65,983,778
[Sept. 12. Differences.
$272,055,690 Inc. $224,994
16,140,942 Dec. 664,836
34,139,916 Dec. 80,503
205,489,070 Dec. 2,365,271
63,429,838 Dec. 2,554,435
THE GOLD MARKET
was dull and heavy, with a downward tendency at the
close.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows : Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 5, 144% 144% 144% 144%
Monday, 7, 144% 145 144% 144%
Tuesday, 8, 144% 144% 144% 144%
Wednesday, 9, 144% 144% 144% 144%
Thursday, 10, 144% 144% 144% 144%
Friday, 11, . 143% 144% 143% 144%
Saturday, 12, 144% 144% 144 144%
Monday, 14, 144% 144% 143% 143%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was weak and rates lower, prime bankers 60 days sterling
bills being offered second h^nd at 109 and direct at 109%
and other bankers .at 108%. The quotations are prime
bankers 60 days sterling 109 to 109% and sight 109% to
109%. Francs on Paris bankers long 6.18% to 5.17% and
short 5.15% to 5.15.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was dull and unsettled throughout the week, and prices
were lower at the close, with the exception of Toledo,
Wabash and Western, which advanced upon increased
earnings.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
654 and $2,772,263 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $329,525 against $643,387 $492,034
and $048,923 for the preceding weeks.
fjpHE WONDER OF THE AGE!
THE IMPROVED
VERTICAL, SELF-ADJUSTING
COLBY S K IB T.
This Skirt was patented Feb., 1866. It is entirely
New in Principle, and its improvements and advantages
over all others are obvious at a glance. The wires rim-
ing vertically render it completely self-adjusting
requiring NO MANAGEMENT IN WEARING, but con-
forming itself to the action of the wearer, in all posi-
tions occupying no more space, in sitting or lying down,
than an ordinary muslin skirt. It will sustain a weight
of clothing more than double that of any other, and retain
its proper form without in the least affecting the trail.
Yet it is lighter, stronger, and more durable than any
other in the market, and for elegance of form and com-
fort of wearing it is unequalled. An extended descrip-
tion is not intended, but, as the experience of the
wearers is deemed sufficient to demonstrate its value,
we add
What the Ladies say
THE COLBY SKIRT IS WITHOUT A RIVAL.
It possesses more real merit and good qualities than
has ever been claimed for it.
Canton, 46% to 46%; Boston W. P 15 to 15% ;
Cumberland, 30 to 32; Quicksilver, 20% to 21%; Mari-
posa, 4% to 6; Mariposa preferred, 9% to 11 ; Pacific
Mail, 103% to 103%; Atlantic Mail, 20 ; W.U. Xel.,33%
to 34 ; N. Y. Central, 124% to 124%; Erie, 46 to 46%; pre-
ferred, 69 to 70; Hudson River, 139 to 139%; Reading,
89% to 89% ; Wabash, 62% to 62%; Mil. & St. P., 93%
to 94; do. preferred 94% to 95; Fort Wayne, 107% to 108;
Ohio & Miss., 28% to 28%; Mich. Cen., 118 to 119 jMioh.
South, 88% to 84; 111. Central, 143 to 145 ; Pittsburg, 86
to 86% ; Toledo, 101% to 101% ; Rock Island, 101% to
101% ; Northwestern, 86% to 87; do preferred, 87%
to 87%. Wells Fargo, 26 to 26% ; Adams, 50% to 50%;
American, 46% to 47 ; United States, 46% to 47.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were active and strong throughout the week, with a
steady inorease in the demand from savings banks in
this city and others. The domestic investment demand
is now gradually moving the market, and the distrust in
the railway share market is also taking funds from loans
on the New York Stock Exchange to use in governments.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881, 113% to 113%; Coupon, 1881, 114 to
114% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 108% to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20
1862, 113% to 113% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 109% to 109%;
Coupon, 5-20, 1865, 101 to .301% ; Coupon, 6-20, 1865
Jan. and July, 108% to 109; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
108% to 108%; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 108% to 109;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg.,. 104% to 104% ; 10-40 Coupon, 104%
to 104% ; Sept. Compounds, 119% ; October Com-
pounds, 1865,118%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $3,185,000 in gold against $2,974,000
$3,106,000 and $2,940,338 the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $4,222,255
in gold against $4,584,771, $6,198,507 and $6,644,290 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie, I
were $3,074,642 in currency against $2,827,891, $3,568,- I
THAT IT IS THE BEST SKIRT IN THE WORLD.
Every objection that has heretofore been urged against
Hoop Skirts is entirely removed by tbe COLBY SKIRT ;
and, in proportion as all others are unyielding, difficult
to manage, and liable to get out of shape, so the' Colby
skirt is pliable, as comfortable as a Muslin Skirt, and
retains its Shape as long as the Steel will last. Pronounced
by all a real comfort and blessing. Manufactured in
the latest Parisian Styles for walking or full dress.
Tbe largest assortment constantly on hand at
67 & 69 TENTH STREET,
Between Broadway and Fourth Avenue.
N. B.Ladies residing at a distance can have skirts
sent by express by forwarding measurement of hips,
waist, length in front, and style required, whether for
walking, lull dress, or general usew
WOMENS 'CO-OPERATIVE PRINTING
UNION,
517 CLAY STREET, SAN FRANCISCO,
Over Bulletin Editorial Rooms.
PRINTING EXECUTED IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.
AGNES B. PETERSON.
Business Manager.
Misses abbie t. crane,
FRANCES KETCHAM, and
LAURA E. BOWER,
DESIGNEES and ENGRAVERS ON WOOD
763 BROADWAY.____________________________
S. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO.,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to aJ
diseases of women, and o tbe duties of an Accoucheuse.
QHEAP PR IN TING,
33 Beekman St. top floor]
!J\ O INVESTORS.
SEVEN PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD.
principal also payable in gold.
The First Mortgage Bonds of the Rockford, Rock
Island and St. Louis Railroad Company, as an Invest-
ment Security, combining perfect safety, cheapness,
and profit, are unequalled by anything offered in the
market.
They pay seven per cent, interestFebruary 1 and
August 1m gold coin, free of government tax. Tbe
principal is also payable in gold'.
The bonds have fifty years to run, and are convertible
into stock at tbe option of the holder. A sinking-fund
is provided sufficient to pay off the whole mortgage at
maturity.
Each bond is for $1,000, or £200 sterling. Interest is
payable in New York or London, at the option of the
holder.
These bonds are fully secured, being a first lien of
$5,000,000 upon 200 miles of railway, costing $10,000,-
000, and traversing tbe finest district of Illinois ; also
upon 20,000 acres of land, estimated to contain 100,000,-
000 tons of coal. These lands, on the completion of the
railroad through them, will be worth more than the
whole amount oi the mortgage.
For all the Coal this Company can produce there is a
ready market; 1,000 miles of railway and the popula-
tion of 30,000 square miles of territory can be supplied
with fuel from its mines more readily and cheaply than
from any other quarter.
One-half of the means required for the construction
and equipment of the railroad, and for the purchase of
coal lands, is derived from the sale of capital stock, to
which large subscriptions are made along the line of
road and elsewhere.
The work of construction is proceeding with great
rapidity, and the first division of fifty miles, giving an
outyet to the coal, will be in full operation by 1st Jan-
uary next.
The estimated earnings of this line of railway, with
its coal business, are threefold what will be required to
pay interest on its bonds.
The trustee for the bondholders is the Union Trust
Company of New York.
At 95, the present price, and with gold at 40 pre-
mium, the bonds pay an 'income of over 10 per cent,
per annum.
For sale at the office of the Company, 12 Wall street.
Governments and other securities received in ex.
change.
H. H. BOODY Treasurer.
A Story of Great Power and Beauty
REBECCA;
A WOMANS SECRET.
BY MRS. CAROLINE FAIRFIELD CORBIN.
Real life unfolded in a story of great beauty and
power. Society siftedthe good and had shown in fear-
ful contrast. Woman as she is, and for what what she
was designed. Man as he is, and for what he was de-
signed. Society, or men and women made for each
other; Set in families after the Divine order.
A pure and noble inspiration breathes from every page
of the book, and its moral tone is all that the most fas-
tidious critic can desire.
Table of Contents.A Bachelor and a Baby, The Lion
and the Mouse, Woman's Wit, About Money-Lending, A
Woman who was not Strong-Minded, Business versus
Love-Making, They Twain shall be one flesh, Some
Ideas concerning a Womans Sphere, Hysterics, An Old
Mans Dream, The Making of Men, The Silent Shrew,
Chiefly Metaphysical, HystericsMale Species, A Deed
Without a Name, Hen-Pecked, From Jerusalem to Jeri-
cho, An Embarrassed Lover, A Chapter which Weak-
Minded Persons are Advised to Skip, A Motherless Chi:d
and a Childless Mother, Tbe Incapables, Among the
Vines, Miss Ridalhubers Summer Bonnet, A Profes-
sional Visit, The First Law of Courtship, Joel's Secret,
How Mrs. Moss Paid the Doctor, A Mans Love, The
Right of a Woman to have a Husband, Tbe Verdict of the
Sewing Circle, Milton Gaines, Jr., Rose Color, The Right
ofaMan to Whip his Wife, TheArk of the Lord in Tab-
ernacles, The Power that is Stronger than Love, A Love
that was Free, The Flower of the Ages, Our Best Society,
A Sacrifice for the Public Good, Two Equal SoulsOne
Round, Perfected Whole, The Pestilence that Walketh in
Darkness, the Destruction that Wasteth at Noonday.
FOR SALE AT THE OFFICE OF THE REVOLU"
TION. Price $1.75.


176
800 MILES
OF THe
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Altbouglf'this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class m every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probable that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera,
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road ; also United
States Tbirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to Ibe difficulties to be sur-
mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as security, aud it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount may
be paid in services rendered by the Company in irans
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNINGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during tbe
year ending June 30,1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bouds. These
earuings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of tbe line to the Pacififc,
but they certainly prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
ARE ENTIRELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Companys Office in the city of New York, at
the rate oi six per cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and at the present
rate ot gold they pay a liberal income on their cost,
A very important consideration in determining the
value oi these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a loug bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume tbat during the next thirty years tbe rate of inter-
est in the United States will decliue as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe tbat their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve tbe right to advance the price at any time. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
At the Company's Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in drafts ojr other funds
par in New York,, and the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
local agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
lished by tbe Company, giving fuller information than
possible in au advertisement, respecting the Progress of
the Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value oi the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J, CISCO, Treasurer,
Sept, u, 1868. New York,


W3
STWaRD the star of empire
TAKES ITS WAY!
SECURE A HOME IN THE GOLDEN
STATE!
the IMIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION OF
CALIFORNIA,
J^ORTH AMERICA LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY,
229 BROADWAY, Comer Barclay Street,
NEW YORE.
THE FIRST INSTITUTION OF ITS KIND IN THE
WORLD
To devise and offer to the Insuring Public
ABSOLUTE SECURITY WITH THE LARGEST
LIBERTY.
Incorporated under the laws of the State, November
30th, 1867, for the purpose of providing
HOMES FOR ITS MEMBERS,
and promoting imigration.
Capital Stock.....................$1,000,000
Divided in 200,000 shares at$5 each, payable in
U. S. CURRENCY.
POLICIES SECURED BY PLEDGE OF PUBLIC
STOCKS,
Like the circulation of National Banks, by being
REGISTERED
IN NEW YORK STATE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT.
* 0ft
a Contain none of the Usual Restrictions ^
IN TRAVEL, RESIDENCE, OR THE ORDINARY
EMPLOYMENTS,
Anywhere outside the Torrid Zone.
Certificates of stock issued to subscribers immediately
upon receipt of the money.
NO PERSON ALLOWED TO HOLD MORE THAN FIVE SHARES.
Circular containing a full description of the property
to be distributed among tbe shareholders will be sent to
any address, npon receipt of stamps to cover return
postage.
Information as to price of land in any portion of the
State, or upon any other subject of interest to parties
proposing to imigrate cheerfully furnished npon receipt
of stamps for postage.
All letters should be addressed
OFFICERS :
N. D. MORGAN, Pres. T. T. MERWIN, Vice-Pres.
J. W. MERRILL, Secy. GEO. ROWLAND, Actuary.
yARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
H
ENRY B. STANTON,
AND
SECRETARY IMIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION,
Post Office Box No. 86,
San Francisco, California.
P
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHOBE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in Monmoulh County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN OLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
worid. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing^ Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
JpRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB .WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y_________________________ New York,
QALIFORNIA, SAN FRANCISCO,
EAGLE LODGING HOUSE.
FIRE-PROOF BRICK BUILDING,
528 Commercial st., first door above Leidesdorff.
NEAT, COMFORTABLE, CHEAP! AND SAFE!
J
F. GREENMAN & CO.,
38 PINE STREET, NEW YORK,
AGENCY FOB THE SALE OF
CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURAL VINEYARD
/ AND OTHER LANDS,
ALSO, SAN FRANCISCO CITY PROPERTY.
Sole Managers of that invaluable Book,
THE NATURAL WEALTH OF CALIFORNIA.
Canvassing Agents Wanted.
Single Rooms 25 cts. per Night,
And less rates by tbe week. Clean Beds ready at all
hours, Day and Night. Spring Mattresses in
all the Rooms. Five popular Restaur-
antewithiu a block of the house.
SHERMAN A TAPPAN, Proprietors.
tjgt Besides the usual accommodations of a first class
house, we furnish all requisite facilities for writing,
bathing, shaving, hoot-blacking, mending. etc., etc.,
free of charge. Call and look at tbe rooms.
R. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE, ^
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, N. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College *
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
meu (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys aud Girls. City Office
Nq. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y, Send stamp for Circulars.
I
NEW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE FOR
Women, will open November 2,1868, at their new
building, 187 Second aveDue, to continue twenty weeks.
The new method of teaching
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 80th
may be had by addressing the authoress,
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey.