Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text


PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOIi. n.NO. 13. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1868. WHOLE NO. 39.
liriuilntimi.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
HEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, \
PARKER PILLSBURY, } Heitors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribes 8.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
PO3T-0FFI0E MONEY ORDERS
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have.been sent to us with-
out anytoss.
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe mean's of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp btti'fr postage and registry, put in the
.money and seal the letter in the presence of Ihe postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS!
To any person sending us the names of one hundred
new subscribers and two hundred dollars, we will give
a warranted
HUNTING CASE GOLD WATCH,
which cost seventy-five dollars.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, W0 Will
give one copy of
REBECCA ; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.76
"Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement.
For THREE NEW SUBSORIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, W6 Will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. ELIZABETH CADY STAN-
TON, ATJNA E. DICKINSON, or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and BIX DOLLARS W6
will give one copy of
KELLOGGS NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,
showing the security of "Paper Currreney. Price
$1.26.
Death of a Princess. Wau-ne-pe-wmk ( * Pretty
Bird), daughter of "Dandy, the head chief of the
Winnebagoes, died on the 4th inst., of injuries sustained
in the rescue of her child at the La Crosse depot, in
Wisconsin. Her injuries rendered amputation neces-
sary, but as she would not submit to the operation her
ife could not be saved. Four days of mourning tere-
znoniei were held by the Wisneiagoes over the re-
mains*
EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE.
Highwood .House, )
Tenafty, New Jersey, Sept. 20,1868. \
Farewell to the Empire State, where for
thirty years we have tried to get the laws so
amended as to secure to woman all her civil
and political rights. Reading the barbarous
code when but twelve years old, and with the
same kind of interest that we did Jack the
Giant Killer, we vowed we would never rest
until every woman in the state of New York was
secure in the property she inherited from her
father, in the wages she earned and the children
of her love ; and we have triumphed. In spite
of opposition, ridicule and_scorn, to-day,the
women of New York ask only the ballot to make
them the peers of the husbands by their side.
And now, with our own inheritance, we buy
a home in New Jersey, and lo wo find that in
this benighted state, a married woman can
neither own, sell, or will, what would be hers
absolutely in the state of New York. Legisla-
tors of New Jersey, this will not do! If you ex-
pect to have any peace to your souls, or slumber
to your eyelids, amend your laws ; for, sooner or
later, it must be done, and you might better, do
this thing generously, gracefully, of your own
free will, than to be driven to it by the perti-
nacity of woman, for like the unjust Judge in
the Scriptures, you will grow weary of our con-
tinued coming. Already, the Rev. Antoinette
Brown Blackwell, who can give you the
Bible argument on the Rights of Woman, and
Lucy Stone who has published your laws in
tract form and scatteiedthem through the state,
doing all she could for the last five years to stir
up your women to rebellion, and Frances D.
Gage, who has published her stories ol Womans
Wrongs, both in prose and verse, are, one and
all, residents and property owners in this state,
and now the women of The Revolution
have taken possession. Against such a force,
what are laws and constitutions, republicans or
democrats ? Only look at the beautiful sub-
missive condition of our sires and sons in the
State of New York ; there, woman has every-
thing but the right of suffrage. True, they were
a little rebellious in the Constitutional Conven-
tion, but they have repented in dust and ashes,
and all the New York journals are now vieing
with each other to write up Womans Suffrage.
Even our excellent friend, Mr. Greeley, in the
tribune of September 22d, confesses his last
doubt as to the wisdom ol the enfranchisement
of woman at length removed.
Look across the water also ; oven the British
Lion is trembling before the uprising of these
Saxon dames. Just think of twenty thousand
petitions from the first women ot England, sent
into Parliament, demanding suffrage. Think of
them in all parts of the kingdom, rushing into
the registering offices, brushing puny clerks
aside, and in a clear, bold hand, writing down
their names as voters. Think of the agitation
among the wigs aud gowns, when it was an-
nounced in the courts that the women of Great
Britain were making preparations to take pos-
session of the polls at the coming election. Be-
hold them turning over their old codes and con-
stitutions, vainly looking for someystatute to
prevent this Exodus of woman from her sphere,
and being compelled at last to take refuge in a
parliamentary act, in the rejection of John
Stuart Mills resolution, on the Household Suf-
frage bill. Now, we point you to these things,
men of New Jersey, merely to show you, that you
had better take the lead in this matter here in
your own state, than to be led eventually like
lambs to the slaughter. How much more dig-
nified and imposing Samson would have re-
mained to the end of his career, if he had
treated Delilah like a human being, recognized
her equality, reasoned with her, dealt honorably
and fairly with her in all their relations, for
then, by art and stratagem, she would never
have shorn him of his strength. Visiting Vine-
land a few weeks since, we were pained to see
the .rebellious state of the women. Being a
member of the Peace Society, we feel it our duty
(sub-rosa) to inform the authorities of the state
what is going on, that they may, by wise legisla-
tion, forestall an outbreak.
The Capital, we understand, is to be regularly
besieged this winter, with all the most im-
proved engines of warfare, such as conventions,
reports, petitions, tracts and reviews ; bomb-
shells from Beecher, Curtis, Phillips, John
Stuart Mill, Pillsbury, and Theodore Tilton,
Lucy Stone, Frances Power Cobbe, Mrs. Tay-
lor and Lydia Becker, are to be hurled
into the Legislature. The tax gatherers all over
the state are to be driven out with the fulmina-
tions of Jefferson, Hancock, Adams, Patrick
Henry, and for the injustice of the past, and all
that is yet to come, they intend to demand the
franking privilege and free passes on all tne
railroads, and as fast as possible take posses-
sion of all the profitable and honorable posts
in the trades aud profession!. In fact, the
earthquake in South America is nothing to all
New Jersey will suffer, if she does not do
prompt and full justice to the mothers, wives,
and daughters of the state. By a timely exten-
sion of rights, privileges and immunities, all
this rising indignation can be turned into
gratitude and loving praise. We are charmed
with everything but the laws in the state of our
adoption. Men have been so long in the habit
of speaking of New Jersey as a benighted, wild,
uncultivat^fl state, composed of ignorant Dutch-
men and swamps, that we are continually sur-
prised with the beauty of its scenery and the
enterprise and intelligence of its people. It is
evident that whatever this state has been in the
past, with its innumerable railroads and new vil-
lages springing up on all sides, it is now soon to
be one of the most prosperous and densely pop-
ulated states in the Union. As Tenafty is to be
our home for the future, we feel a deep interest
in the proposed change of its name to High-
wood Park. Tenafty is so suggestive of flies,
musquitoes and swamps, none of which we are


194:
gfc; §Uv0lut**
&
supposed to have on these bold hills and dry,
well cultivated vailies.
Highwood Park would suggest at once fine
roads, views, shady groves, fruit and flowers-*
all of which will soon be the casefor Tenafty
can already boast of the most beautiful scenery
and best hotel of any place on the northern
route. The hotel is large, with six acres of
land, handsomely laid out. A wide piazza runs
on three sides, where one can be perfectly pro-
tected from sun, and rain, and exercise in all
kinds of. weather. Under the whole piazza is a
gravel road, where children can ride in their
carriages with equal security. There are suites
of pleasant apartments opening on the piazza,
on the same floor, with tne parlors and dining-
room, where mothers with young families, who
dislike to run up and down stairs, could be
most comfortably lodged. As it takes only one
hour to come from the heart of the city to this
beautiful spot, we advise all who are caged up
in boarding-houses to come hither, where their
children can have room to play, and their hus-
bands breathe the pure air, and enjoy the quiet
Sundays and evenings, and see something of
nature in all her varied moods. Even winter
hero will be beautiful, with the snow on the
evergreen trees, that stand like sentinels on
every side. No mother should be willing to
keep her children in a citytheir peevish, rest-
less habits, their frequent illness, should warn
them against that jnost unnatural liie.
"We were charmed with Horatio Seymours ad-
dress before the Agricultural Society in Saratoga,
in which he dwells on the advantages of coun-
try life. He traces the growing tendency to
crowd into our cities to a lack of education, of
resources within ourselves. Those w ho depend
on their surroundings for excitement, for all
their pleasure and occupation, who are accus-
tomed to the noise and bustle of the city, al-
ways feel a painful voideven among the grand-
est scenes of nature, the stillness that is so
grateful to the cultivated mind is to them like
the gloom of the sepulchre. We must not for-
get to mention that this hotel is kept by Mr.
and Mrs. Truman ; the latter, though a very
young woman, has charge of all the books of
the establishment, is cognizant of all the in.
comes and outgoes, and keeps'a supervizing
eye on the moving of the whole machinery,
from top to bottom. Such a wife is a helpmate,
indeed. Mr. Truman is a kind, gentlemanly
man, and most obliging to his guests, furnish-
ing us, at all times, a variety of well-cooked food.
Among other attractions is a very fine billiard-
table, where Jadies, as well as gentlemen, play.
It is pleasant to remark, that as fast as men
share their amusements with women, the wine
and tobacco are banished. Among many other
agreeable ladies and gentlemen boarding here,
we find Crammond Kennedy (a Scotch gentle-
man) and his wife. He is Corresponding Secre-
tary of the New York Freedmans Commission,
and his wife has spent some time in Florida
teaching the freedmen. He preaefeed for us on
Sunday, in a school-house on the Falisades.
It was the first time we had ever heard Liberal
ideas uttered in the Scotch brogue. There
we met Mr. Nordoff, of the Evening Post, his
wife, and several friends ; and after the services
we went to his eyrie on the rooks. The view up
and down the Hudson is surpassingly grand and
beautiful. Leaning on a rustic fence, one looks
down five hundred feet to the water. It is as-
tonishing that such magnificent situations as the
Palisades offer for miles up the Hudson, should
so long have remained unoccupied, Mr. Nordoff
has a very tasteful though substantial stone
house, with piazzas and a French'roof, and a
beautiful view from every window. We were
glad to hear that Mrs. Nordoff, in company with
another lady, had first explored these forests
and selected this building spot, and that she
persuaded her husband to leave the noisy town
and find new inspiration for his pen mid these
grand scenes of nature. Though the Evening
Post is ever a readable journal, we shall look
for a diviner afflatus in its columns, now that we
have seen the grandeur and beauty of its editors
home. Let all our journalists at once secure
homes on the Palisades, that they get ready
for the peoples party that is to arise after the
Presidential campaign ; for that good time when
politics are to be lifted up into the world of
morals and religion. vE. c. s.
THE RIGHTS OF. WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT1790.
CHAPTER 711.
MODESTY COMPREHENSIVELY CONSIDERED AND NOT
AS A SEXUAL'VIRTUE.
To take another view of the subject, confining
my remarks to women.
The ridiculous falsities which are told to chil-
dren, from mistaken notions of modesty, tend
very early to inflame their imaginations and set
their little minds to work respecting subjects
which nature never intended they should think
of till the body arrived at some degred of ma-
turity ; then the passions naturally' begin to
take place of the senses, as instruments to un-
fold the understanding, and form the moral
character.
Tn nurseries, and boarding-schools, I fear
girls are first spoiled; particularly in the latter.
A number of girls sleep in the same room,- and
wash together. And, though I should be sorry
to contaminate an innocent creatures mind by
instilling false delicacy, or those indecent prud-
ish notions, which early cautions respecting the
other sex naturally engender, I should be very
anxious to prevent their acquiring indelicate
or immodest habits ; and as many girls have
learned very indelicate tricks from ignorant ser-
vants, the mixing them thus indiscriminately
together is very improper.
To say the truth, women are, in general, too
familiar with each other, which leads to that
gross degree of familiarity that so frequently
renders the marriage state unhappy. Why in
the name of decency are sistei's, female inti-
mates, or ladies and their waiting women, to be
so grossly familiar as to forget the respect which
one human creature owes to another?. That
squeamish delicacy which shrinks from most
disgusting offices when affection or humanity
lead us to watch at a sick pillow, is despicable.
But, why women in health should be more fa-
miliar with each other than men are, when they'
boast of their superior delicacy, is a solecism in
manners which I could never solve.
In order to preserve health and beauty, I
should earnestly recommend frequent ablutions,
to dignify my advice that it may not offend the
fastidious ear ; and, by example, girls ought to
be taught to wash and dress alone, without any
distinction of rank ; and if custom should make
them require some little assistance, let them not
require it till that part of the business is over
which ought never be done before a fellow-crea-
ture ; because it is an insult to the majesty of
nature. Not on the score of modesty, but de-
cency ; for the care which some modest women
take, making at the same time a display of that
care, not to let their legs be seen, is as childish
as immodest.*
I could proceed still further, till I animad-
verted on some still more indelicate customs,
which men never tall into. Secrets are told
where silence ought to reign ; aud that regard
tp cleanliness, which some religious sects have,
perhaps, carried too far, especially the Essenes,
amongst the Jews, by making that insult to God
which is only an iusulb to humanity, is violated
in a brutal manner. How can del icale women ob-
trude on notice that part of the animal economy
which is so very disgusting ? And is it not very
rational to conclude, that the women who have
not been taught to respect the human nature of
their own sex, in these particulars, will not long
respect the mere difference of sex, in their hus-
bands? After their maidenish bashl'uness is
once lost, I, in fact, have generally observed,
that women fall into old habits ; and treat tfleir
husbands as they did their sisters or female ac-
quaintance.
Besides, women from necessity, because their
minds are not cultivated, have recourse very
often, to what I familiarly term bodily wit; and
their intimacies are of the same kind. In
short, with respect to both mind and body, they
are too intimate. That decent personal reserve,
which is the foundation of dignity of character,
must be kept up between women, or their minds
will never gain strength or modesty.
On this account also, I object to many females
being shut up together in nurseries, schools, or
convents, i cannot recollect without iniigna-
tion the jokes aud hoiden tricks which knots
of young women indulged themselves in, when,
in my youth, accident threw me, an awkward
rustic, in their way. They were almst on a par
with the double meanings which shake the con-
vivial table when the glass has circulated freely.
But it is vain to-attempt to keep the heart
pure, unless the head is furnished with ideas,
and set to work to compare them, in order to
acquire judgment, by generalizing simple ones ;
and modesty by making the understanding
damp the sensibility.
It may be thought that I lay too great a stress
on personal reserve; but it is ever the hand-
maid of modesty. So that were I to name the
graces that ought to adorn beauty, I should in-
stantly exclaim, cleanliness, neatness, and per-
gonal reserve. It is obvious, I suppose, that
the reserve I meau, has nothing sexual in it,
and that I think it equally necessary in both
sexes. So necessary, indeed, is that reserve and
cleanliness which indolent women too often
neglect, that I will venture to affirm, that when
two or three women live in the same house, the
one will be most respected by the male part of
the family who reside with them, leaviug love
entirely out of the question, who pays this kind
of habitual respect to her person.
When domestic friends meet in a morning,
there will naturall y prevail an affectionate se-
riousness, especially, if each look forward to
the discharge of daily duties ; and, it may be
reckoned fanciful, but this sentiment has fre-
quently risen spontaneously in my mind. I
have been, pleased after breathing the sweet,
bracing morning air, to see the same kind of
freshness in the countenace I particularly loved ;
* I remember to have met with a sentence in a book
of education that made me smile. It would be need-
lessjto caution you against putting your hand, by ohance,
under your. neck-handkerchiel; for a modest woman
never did so I *


I was glad to see them braced, as it were, for
the day, and ready to run their course with the
sun. Tlje greetings of affection in the morn-
ing are by these means more respectful than the
familiar tenderness which frequently prolongs
the evening talk. Nay, I have often felt hurt,
not to say disgusted, when $ Mend has appeared,
whom I parted with full dressed the evening be-
fore, with her clothes huddled on, because she
chose to indulge herself in bed till the last mo-
ment.
Domestic affection can only be kept alive by
these neglected attentions, yet if m'en and wo-
men took half so much pains to dress habitually
neat, as they do to ornament, or rather,, to dis-
figure their persons, much would be done
towards the attainment of purity of mind.
But women only dress to gratify men of gal-
lantry ; for the lover is always best pleased with
the simple garb that sits close to the shape.
Thera is an impertinence in ornaments that re-
buffs affection ; because love always clings round
the idea of home.
As a sex, women are habitually indolent; and
everything tends to make them so. I do not
forget the starts of activity which sensibility
produces; but as these flights of feeling only
increase the evil, they are not to be confounded
with the slow, orderly walk of reason. So great,
in reality, is their mental and bodily indolence,
that till their body be strengthened and their
understanding enlarged by active exertions,
there is little reason tq expect that modesty will
take place of baslifulness. They may find it
prudent to assume its semblance ; but the fair
veil will only be worn on gala days.
Perhaps there is not a virtue that mixes so
kindly with every other as modesty. It is the
pale moou-beam that renders more interesting
every virtue it softens, giving mild grandeur to
the contracted horizon. Nothing can be more
beautiful than the poetical fiction which makes
Diana, with her silver crescent, the goddess of
chastity. I have sometimes thought, that wan-
dering with sedate step in some lonely recess, a
modest dame of antiquity must have felt aglow
of conscious dignity, when, after contemplat-
ing the sort, shadowy landscape, she has invited
with placid fervor the mild reflection of her sis-
ters beams to turn to her chaste bosom.
A Chrislion has still nobler motives to incite
her to preserve her chastity and acquire mod-
esty, for her body has been called the Temple
of the living God ; of that God who requires
more than modesty of mien. His eye searcheth
the heart ; and let her remember, that if she
hopeth to find ftftor in the sight of purity it-
self, her chastity must be founded on modesty,
and not on worldly prudence ; or verily a good
reputation will we her only reward ; for that
awful intercourse, that sacred communion,
which virtue establishes between man and his
Maker, must give rise to the wish of being pure
as he is pure!
After the foregoing remarks, it is almost su-
perfluous to add, that 1 consider all those fem-
inine airs of maturity, which succeed basbful-
ness, to which truth is sacrificed, to secure the
heart of a husband, or rather to force him to be
still a lover when nature would, had she not
beea interrupted in her operations, have made
love give place to friendship, as immodest.
The tenderness which a man will feel for the
mother of his children is an excellent substi-
tute for the ardor of unsatisfied passion ; but to
prolong that ardor it is indelicate, not to say
immodest, io* women to feign unnatural cold-
ness of constitution. Women as well as men
lie
ought to have the common appetites and pas-
sions of their nature, they are only brutal when
unchecked by reason; but the obligation to
check them is the duty of mankind, not a sexual
duty. Nature, in these respects, may safely be
left to herself; let women only acquire know-
ledge and humanity, and love will teach them
modesty. There is no need of falsehoods, dis-
gusting as futile, for studied rules of behavior
only impose on shallow observers; a man of
sense soon sees through, and despises the affec-
tation.
The behavior of young people to each other,
as men and women, is the last thing that should
be thought of in education. In fact, behavior
in most circumstances is now so much thought
of, that simplicity of character is rarely to be
seen; yet if men were only anxious to cul-
tivate each virtue, and let it take root firmly in
tbe mind, the grace resulting from it, its natural
exterior mark, would soon strip affectation of
its flaunting plumes ; because, fallacious as un-
stable, is the conduct that is not founded upon
truth.
Would ye, 0 my sisters, really possess modesty,
ve must remember that the possession of virtae,
of any denomination, is incompatible with ig-
norance and vanity! ye must acquire that so-
berness of mind wich the exercise of duties and
the pursuit of knowledge alone inspire, or ye
will still remain in a doubtful, dependent situa-
tion, and only he loved whilst ye are fair! the
downcast eye, the rosy blush, the retiring
grace, are all proper in their season; but
modesty, being the child of reason, cannot
long exist with the sensibility that is not tem-
pered by reflection. Besides, when love, even
innocent love, is tbe whole employ of your
lives, your hearts will be too soft to afford
modesty that tranquil retreat, where she de-
lights to dwell, in close union with humanity.
{To be Continued.)
WOMAN SUFFRAGE.
This last has been a busy week with those
interested in the enfranchisement of woman.
We give our readers a full report of the tax-
payers meeting in Mount Vernon and of the
Workingwomens Association in The .Revolu-
tion office, New York. All the daily journals
reported these meetings, but as those of the
World, as usual, are the fullest and the fairest,
we give its reports :
THE DISFRANCHISED CLASS.
THE TAX-PAYING WOMEN OF MOUNT VERNON CLAIM
THE RIGHT TO YOTE AT THE TOWN-MEETING
THE RIGHT DENIEDSCENES OF UPROAR AND
CONFUSION.
Prom the New York World.
Mount Vernon, Westchester Comity,!
September 20. i
Last evening a meeting was held in Washington Hall,
in this village, under the following c ill:
Notice is hereby given that a meeting of the taxable
inhabitants of the village of Mount Vernon will be held
at Washington Hall, in said village, on Sitiirdaj evening,
September 19,1858, at 8 oclock, at which meeting said
inhabitants will be called npon to vote in respect to rais.
ing, by a general tax upon the taxable property ol said
village, the following sums of money tor the specific
purposes, viz :
Highway purposes............................... $3,000
Conducting and repairing sixlewaUs................ 200
Compil ng and pubiismug laws ana ordinances.... 123
Officers of Corporation........................... 500
Advance in uuiciug and repairing sidewalks...... 1,5U0
Office rent, fuel, &c........................... ICO
Beni of truck house.............................. 75
Consul fees....................................... 100
Re3t?ai aing cattle............................... 2C0
Wm. j Pemberton,
President Board of Trustees.
George Stevens, Clerk.
I
195 .
To this call a little over 100 of the male taxable inhabi-
tants ol the village responded. Besides these there were
present nearly 500 men and boys owning no taxable
property. There were also present between thirty and
forty women and girls, of whom the greater number own
taxable property in the village. Among these latter
Mrs. Ferguson, Mrs. Farrand, Mrs. Miller, Mrs. Clark
Mrs. Livingston, Mrs. Pease, Mrs. Watts, and Mrs. Hen-
dricks. These ladies came to the meeting in order to
claim the right to vote upon the questiou of granting the
appropriations asked for and having a decision made as
to the validity of that claim. The terms of the call for
the meeting seemed to justiiy their assumption of the
right to vote at it, the notice being simply to the tax-
able inhabitants of the village. At all events they de-
termined to press their claim, and a considerable amount
of interest was felt in the result.
Mr.- William H. Pemberton, Pw sident of the Board of
Trustees of the village, took the chair, and opened pro-
ceedings with the words Gentlemen, take off your hats
and come to order. The notice of the meeting was then
read, and on motion it was resolved that tbe appropria-
tions asked for should be considered and voted upon item
by item.
The first item being taken np, a sharp discussion was
had upon it, some of the tax-payers strongly opposing
the appropriation being made, others as vehemently
supporting it.
During the discussion several men in the back of the
hall indulged m smoking. Mr. Donald Ferguson re-
minded the audience that there were ladies present and
tobacco smoke was frequently very disagreeable to ladies.
The chairman said that there should not be any smoking,
and most of the smokers desisted.
The discussion on the first item having come to an
end, it was moved that tbe vote should be taken by the
Clerk of the Board of Trustees, calling the names on the
tax roll of the "village, aod the persons whose names were
so called answering Yes or No.
Mr. £. J. Law saidI would like to say one word be-
fore the vote is taken. I hold in my hand a paper con-
taining the names of one hundred ladies who own real
estate in Mount Vernon. A good many gentlemen here
have their property in their wives names, and have been
in the habit of voting at the village meetings on such
property. Now I propose to challenge the vote of every
man who has no real estate in his own right. (Applause.
At the first meeting held this year, a gentleman, one of
the Board of Trustees, said to a friend, as he went to the
meeting, They will not allow me to vote, because I do
not own any property. The friend thereupon sold,
made a nominal sale of some property, taking a dollar
for it, and the trustee offered bis vote; it was challenged
but he swore he was a property-holder, and his vote wa s
allowed. The samething was done at subsequent meet.
ings. This man has boasted of this as a piece of smart-
ness, glorying in his own shame. What is to become of
us if this is continued? No mans property, or life,
either, will be safe.
The President saidThe question beforo you is
whether tne vo*e shall be taken by the clerk calling the
roll of tax-payers. It is understood that gentlemen who
are not voters will not vote on this question.
Mr. Gilbert BarnosWho are voters ?
The PresidentEvery person owning property, who
is taxed thereon. Tho tax *list will show who are
voters.
The motion that tho vote bo taken by yeas and nays
was carried. The clerk proceeded to call the roll of tax-
payers. He called from 2)0 to 300 names, to which 103
persons responded. Tbe names of no women called, ex-
cept once, when ruunlng his eye clown the columns, the
clerk inadvertently called Emelino Davis, but saying,
that's a mistake.be hastily passed on. When the
name of Mr. Bichard Wheeler, one of the Trustees of (he
village, was called, Mr. Law challenged his right to vote.
Ho was proceeding to state the grounds upon which, he
did so, but was prevented by the confusion which ex-
isted, aud by the clerk proceeding with the roll. When
he had got through,
Mr. Law saidI would like to know if tbe whole tax-
roll of the village has been called.
The ClerkAll the names of males upon it.
Here the interruptions and manifestations of noisy dis-
pleasure which had greeted Mr. Laws previous at-
tempts to speak rose in intensity almost to the dignity
of a row. Several ladies left the room.
Mr. Law, when silence had been restored by the ener-
getic and decided order ol tho President, sai(\Mr. Presi-
dent, I understood you to decide that the names of all
the tax-payers of the village were to be called in this
vote. I have here tbe names of a number of ladies who
are on the roll, and some of whom are the heaviest tax-
I payers in the village, (Hisses acd great disturbance)!


196
I hope the President will have the names called. He has
so decided.
The PresidentIf the gentleman will show me that
these ladies are qualified lo vote, I shall be most happy
to order their names to be called.
Mr. Quachenbush read section 82 of the State Act of
incorporation of villages, which is as follows :
No person shall vote at any such meeting in respect
to raising any such tax unless he shall be qualified to
vote for village officers in such village, and shall own
property liable to be assessed lor taxes therein.
Mr. Quackenbush was proceeding to read other sec
tione, but a disgraceful scene of hooting and oheei'ing
occurred, violent hooting being maintained for some
miuutes. Several persons attempted to speak. The
President at length saidAs no ladies have offered to
vote, there is no question before the house. The clerk
will proceed to announce tho result of the vote.
The clerk announced the result (56 yeas to 47 nays) amid
great cheeriDg. Thus the first vote was held without any
deoision upon the grand question of the rights of the
tax-paying women of Blount Vernon to vote at the village
meetings.
1 he second item of the appropriation asked for being
called up, it was carried by acclamation and without die.
cussion. The same was done with the third and fourth
items. Oa the fifth there was a warm discussion, but it
was carried in the same way, as was also the sixth. There
was considerable noise and contusion, and an apparent
disposition to sweep through the appropriation as
quickly as possible. The audience voted indiscriminately
without regard to their ages or the circumstance oi own-
ing or not owning property, and it would have puzzled a
Philadelphia lawyer to judge what the sentiments of the
tax-paying fraction of it were upon the matters brought
before them.
When the voto (by acclamation) upon the fifth appro-
priation was about to be put,
Mrs. Mary H. Macdonald entered the space before the
platform and saidI wish to say that a lady has just en-
tered the room who is a heavy pioperiy owner in this
village, and who would like to have her voice recorded
at this appropriation. Mrs. Harriet Seaver is the ladys
name.
The President took no notioe of this, but proceeded to.
put an acclamation vote.
On the seventh item being taken up a discussion took
place. At it* close the President called for the yeas (by
acclamation as before) and they were given. Before he
called for the nays.
Mr. Chas. F. Wingate saidMr. President, I rise to
speak on behalf of four property owners in this village.
An important question- has been brought before the
meeting and no decision has been made upon it. Some-
thing has been read from the state act of constitution
which was supposed-to have settled the point (Hisses,
confusion, and calls to order.) The question I bring be-
fore the meeting is the right of four ladies, who are
property-owners, to vote on these appropriations. These
ladies are Mrs. Farrand, Mrs. Ferguson, Mrs. Seaver
and Mrs. Clark, and they own $50,000 worth of property
in this village. (Renewed hooting and confusion.)
Mr. Walter MacdonaldThe question is whether cer-
tain persons in this house are legal voters.
Mr. WingateI demand that a decision be made upon
the question of the right of J)iese property-holders and
tax-payers to vote here. (Cries of No, no.1 Let
them go the devil, with hisses and great confusion.)
I appeal to (he Cha>r to have a proper decision upon this
question. I find the following regulation in section 32
of tiie act of Incorporation of Villages :
No person shall vote at any such meeting in respect to
raising any such lax, unless he shall be qualified to vote
for village officers in such village, and shall own property
liable to be assessed for taxes thereto.
Now, section 13 of the same act says. (VoicesThe
State Constitution ? ) The constitution does not, so far
as I know, make a distinction of sex. (Cries of Yes It
does. Great contusion.) I appeal to the good sense of
the gentlemen present to give my clients a hearing.
Mr. Philip LucasI would like to ask one question :
The gentleman says he represents four lady clients,
Among the four is the name of Mrs. Ferguson ; I am in.
formed that Mr. Ferguson has ft vote ; I would like to
ask it a mau and his wife can both vote? If so, men
can transfer a portion of their property tp their wives
and so double their votes. I am opposed to any such
thing. (Cheers, hisses, and confusion.)
Mr. WingateIf botn of them own property they
should both vote. (Interruption and great confusion.)
Gmtiemsn, I appeal to your good sonse not to lot it go
forth to the world that you refused to permit a proper
legal decision upon a question presented before you
{

You will be disgraoed in the eyes of the country if it is
published that you refused to let a gentleman speak in
behalf of the ladies present. I appeal to your sense
(great confusion, cries of the gentleman has no right
here, question, question, and take the vote by
acclamation.) Then I cast the votes of these four ladies
In the affirmative, and I ask a decision whether they are
legal voters and are to be counted here. A decision must
be made.
The PresidentThe question that is raised is a new
one, and one of some importance. I have looked into
the matter, and have come to a conclusion, for which I
will give my authority. The first section ot article 2 of
the Constitution of the State of New York, reads :
Every male citizen, of the age of twenty-one years,
who shall have been a citizen for ten days, and lor thirty
days next preceding the election, a resident of the dis-
trict from whence tbe officer is to be chosen for whom
he offers his vote, and an inhabitant of the state one
year next preceding any election, and for the last four
months a resident of the county where he may offer his
vote, is entitled to vote in the election district where he
actually resides,
The President also xead from the twenty-fourth and
thirty-third section of the state act for the incorporation
of villages, defining the electors of villages as being
those authorized by the constitution as above.
The reading of the above extracts were received with
cheers.
Mr. WingateHave, you authority to decide, or is it
the meeting that should do so ?
The PresidentI decide that these ladies have no right
Lo vote.
Mr. WingateI appeal from your decision to the
meeting.
The PresidenlAn appeal is made from the decision
of the Chair. (Great confusion for several minutes.)
Mr. Gi'bert BarnesI think that our self-respect, if
nothing else, should prompt us to show some deference
to the ladles. (Slight applause.) Certain ladies have
come here to have a certain question settled, and being
diffident, as is to be expected, tbey have deputized a
gentleman to present the question before you. Now,
Ibis is not a proceeding to be answered by an uproar.
We can surely say, if we so think, that they are not en-
titled to vote. The ladies through this gentleman ask
ycu to decide that point. (Slight applause.)
Mr. P. L. McClellan contended that tbe deoision of
the Chair was final and oould not be appealed from.
The President was sitting with the same powers as an
inspector of elections, and must decide who are legal
voters. If he were an inspector of elections he would
not, the legality of a vote being disputed, appeal to the
mob about bim. I trust that the President will sustain
the dignity of bis office, and permit no appeal from his
decision on this point.
Mr. John Stevens said the matter was a point of law to
be absolutely settled by tbe Chair, not a point of order
on which his decision cou'd be appealed from.
Mrs. MacdonaldI would like permission to state
another point of law. Mr. James H. Sheppard told me
to-day that be does not own one dollars worth of prop-
erty in Mount Vernon, but votes on a small amount of
property left in his trust for his boy. If Mr. James
Sheppard is allowed to vote here on a small amount of
property belonging to another person, cannot four wo-
men owning $50,000 worth of taxable property be repre-
sented here by Iheir attorney ? (Cheers.)
The Chairman took no notice of Mrs. Macdonald6 re-
marks, but put the question of voting the item of ap-
propriation which was before the meeting, and it was
decided in the affirmative by*acclamation.
Mr. MacdonaldDo you decide in James H. Shep-
pards case?
The PresidentMr. Sheppard has not voted.
It was moved that the other items of the appropria-
tion asked for be voted upon all together and by accla-
mation. This was done and the items were voted to be
granted without discussion. The meeting then hastily
adjourned. t. d.
THE MOUNT VERNON VILLAGE MEETING.
Booms of the National Labor Congress, \
New York, September 21, 1868. j
To the Editor of (he World :
Sir : Lest the public should infer from tbe reports of
tire village meeting at Mount Vernon, on tbe 10th inst.,
that the noisy and disreputable conduct was a new fea-
ture in thvse gatherings, and caused by tbe presence of
tbe women tax-payers, I wish to state, through your valu
able journal, that discreditable and riotous as it was, the
presence o t woman had a manifest good influence, for no
male tax-payer gave the lie to his fellow tax-payer, and
no male tax-payer spit in the face of hie fellow-tax
payer, as actually occurred at their meeting a few weeks
ago.
Until the Legislature amends our village charter (if it
requires amendment) to enable us to exercise our rights
as property-holders, we propose to attend the village
meetings in sufficient numbers to be au effectual check
to all riotous conduct. Respectfully,
Marx H. Macdonald.
WORKINGWOMANS ASSOCIATION.
MEETING AT THE REVOLUTION OFFICE.
The Workingwomans Association held its second
regular meeting last evening in the office of Tbe Re-
volution, No. 37 Park row, in the World building.
The President of the Association, Mrs. ^nnie Tobifct,
presided at the meeting. Miss Susie Johns, Miss Guss: e
Lewis, Miss Emma Peers, Vice-Presidents ; Miss Eliza-
beth 0. Browne, Secretary, and Miss Julia Browne*
Treasurer, were also present, along with a number of
other young ladies representing the different trades and
professions, together with Miss Susan B. Anthony and
several delegates from the Labor Congress, now in see
sion in this city. The Secretary, Miss Elizabeth C.
Browne, read the minutes of the previous meeting, and
also explained tbe object of the meeting, Sne also
stated that it was composed of women representing all
trades and professions, having for their object the
amelioration and elevation of the condition of those who
labor for a living.
Miss Gussie Lewis, a brunette young lady with pleas-
ing dark eyes, said that as the Association had been or-
ganized for the elevation of working women, it would be
proper for somebody present to state why women needed
this elevation. Men have hearts, and if the matter was
properly brought before them, she thought they would
see the propriety and justice ot paying women as much
as men for tbe same amount of labor done as well, be-
cause they know not what their own wives, sisters or
daughters might come to. She thought that one reason,
and the principle reason, why women are not so well paid
as men is that they do not learn any trade or business
so thoroughly as men. They do not learn it for life,
but expect to be married or leave their trades some day.
Again men get larger salaries than women because they
are supposed to, and do represent a wife, sister or
mother. There were other reasons than the want of the
ballot, she thought, why women were paid less than
men, and one of them she believed, was taxation without
representation.
Mrs. Varney, a middle-aged lady, said her profession
was that of a nurse. In her profession she could stand
as much fatigue and duty as any man. She had served
in places together with men, and did tho same amount
of labor, but received-only $1 and $2 a day, while the
men were paid $3 to $6 per day respectively.
Miss Susan B. AnthonyI want to have some of the
female compositors who were employed on the World
formerly, and are present to-night, to reply to some of
Mr. Marble's charges, published in the editorial in Sun-
days World. It is a very serious list of charges, and at
present it is calculated to throw a wet blanket, if not re-
plied to and refuted at this crisis of the workingwomens
movement. Miss Anthony then read extracts at length
from the article in question, keeping up all the time a
running fire of comments on the most salient extracts.
She referred to the terrible charge that the women
compositors could not punctuate or decipher illegible
copy as well as men. '*
Miss Emily PeersI will state my experience in the
World office. White there I have earned $16 a week,
working eight hours a day, at the rate of forty cents a
thousand.
Miss Gussie LewisI have earned $18 a week, and my
bills occasionally have been as high as $20 a week.
Mrs. Baker, a blondeA young lady on the Brooklyn
Eagle, at tbirty-seyen cents a thousand, makes as bigh as
$20 a week, and does not come very early to the office.
In the telegraph business I know there are young ladies
who make $65 and $75 a week, while the men average $80
to $125 a week.
Mr. Tomlinson, publisher of the Anti-Slavery Stand-
ardI eannot allow this slander of tbe World to pass
unnoticed. We have three young ladies on the Anti-
Slavery Standard now who have graduated as composi-
tors oo the World. One of them (Miss Emily Peers) is
now our forewoman, getting twenty dollars a week. Our
paper, as it is got out, satisfies our friends aud sub.
scribers, and was never better made up than.it is now.
For a paper which pretends to advocate the cause of wo-
man labor as tbe World does, the editorial of Sunday is a
grost mistake. That article will be copied extensively by
the country press, and it is calculated to do harm.
Mr. Alexander Troup, a delegate to the National Labor
i


-5
ft* fUVfilttHfitt. 197
Congress from Typographical Union No. 0, denied that
the association of which he was a member was in hosiil-
ity to the female compositors. He had heard with satis-
faction the sentiments bf Mr. Tomlinson in bis defence of
the female compositors. It had been stated that forty
cents was the price established by the Union. Forty-five
cents Is the price, and we find here thirty-seven cents
given as the price paid to women by the Brooklyn
Eagle. If the female compositors will work together
with the members of the Union, they will get an equal
remuneration for their labor.
Miss PeersWill the Union allow ladies to join their
ranks as members ?
Mr. TroupI never knew of any woman applying for
admission. I can speak for Mr. McKechnle, the present
foreman of the World, and President of National Typo-
graphical Union, as being In favor of women working at
case with equal rights and privileges as the men. But
he is not in favor, nor am I, of women coming in to un-
dermine the prices paid co men.
Miss AnthonyHow much is the initiation in this
Union of yours?
Mr. TroupOne dollar.
Miss AnthonyOh, that is not much ; I guess our
girls can stand that. (Laughter.)
Miss Peers to Mr. TroupWill you take my initiation
fee now, if you please ?
Mr. TroupYes, of course I shall; and will propose
you as a member.
Mr. TroupI do not know whether the article referred
to was written by Mr. Marble ; but I am cognizant of un-
truths in its The World is not just in its conclusions.
Miss Gussie LewisI do not know about that. I al-
ways have felt favorably to the World and to Mr. Marble,
because, although they do not talk so ,much about wo-
man's rights, yet they have managed in many ways to
show that they have a sense of justice and right in deal-
ing practically with the workmgwoman. I have heard
that there is a decided prejudice in the Union against
women setting type among men.
Mr. TroupI have some acquaintance with 'strikes
among printers in general, and the strike in the World
office in particular. I believe that the World could not
have got out its paper but for the assistance of the wo-
men compositors when the men struck for wages.
Miss Gussie LewisBut the men did not strike for
wages. They struck because of matter connected in the
Brooklyn Eaglein regard to some assistance rendered
to the Brooklyn Eagle.
Miss AnthonyI see that there are other questions
connected with and lying behind this question of wages
for woman.
Mrs. BakerI wonder if the men can go green into a
printing office and learn the business of setting type
without any apprenticeship any more than woman can.
I only went into a printing office last winter and I have
made over $11 a week. I think if women could serve an
apprenticeship like the men, they would also be com-
petent to do their work equally.
Miss AnthonyI do not know how the World has
found it with their female compositors in deciphering
illegible manus cnpt, but I know that here in The Re-
volution we have received some pretty hard and diffi-
cult manuscript, particularly from one of our corre-
spondents, and when it had been sent to the printing
office to set up, it has been returned for me to decipher,
and though I am half blind, 1 have read it and sent it
back to the printers.
Mr. TroupWere they Union printers, Miss Anthony.
Miss AnthonyI don't know that, but there were not
any worn en employed in the office.
Mr. TroupMiss Anthony, why do you not make a
practical application oi your rule, and employ women
wholly on your paper ; The Revolution."
Miss AnthonyWe must creep before we walk. We
want a little money first, and then we can have women
altogether. Now we would like to hear from Miss Peers
on this subject.
Miss Emily Peers saidAsa workingwomanone who
has accepted its conditions, desiring to carry out the
idea of this association, The amelioration and elevation
of the workingwomen "I feel a freedom to briefly out-
line my thoughts, believing they are shared by many of
my sisters in toil, as well as sex-
In this city, where not only the poor of our land, but
the ignorant, the degraded of all nationalities are herded
together, forced by the instinct oi self-preservation tov
the sharpest of competition one with another, it is es.
pecially necessary that efforts, organized and persistent,
should be put forth by every well-wisher of humanity to
better their condition.
And upon the very threshold of this movement, look -
ing to the improvement, social, moral, and physical o
women, having only her welfare in mind, it becomes us
to carefully, dispassionately, consider what are her
needs. I mean of the class who toil so that the true
remedy may be appliod, and no step taken in the wrong
direction. I do not purpose, in the little I shall say, to
indulge in aught of the merely speculative. Inequality
between the sexes, as well aS in the sex itself, we know has
always existed. There has been inequality of wealth, of
social status, of all that divides and make caste in life.
Why this ever has been and yet is, I shall not pause to
discuss. Enough of speculation we have found it. You
Mrs. Chairman, may have one opinion, and I may have
another. You may believe, with good, motherly Mrs#
Stanton here, that the ballot is the gre^t panacea for the
correction of all existing evils, and I may bold an en-
tirely different opinion ; but waiving what is problema-
tical, there is a broad common giound upon which we
can stand, agreeing fully and entirely. We can reach
out, one to anotherthe highest to the lowestthe band
of fellowship. We can make theory and practice go hand
in hand, being in all what we seem,, working closely np
to our convictions, and trusting in the efficacy of
Truth and right
Yet to convert all the world." .
I have lately read the address of an English lady, Miss
Lydia Becker, promulgating, ingeniously, the theory
of "No Sox in Mind." Without pausing to inquire
whether the position be tenablea question which every
smatterer who can dip pen in ink feels qualified to set.
tie, we know that in responsibility to a common father
the sexes are equalwe know that the right to life and
its enjoyments is unfettered and unlimited; we know
that every avenue of honest labor should be open to the
sexes alike, limited only by the natural lav s; we know
that for the same labor, capably, conscientiously per-
formed, there should be the same compensation ; that
all combinations, leagues, etc., having tor their object
tbe exclusion of women lrom the hardly-earned avenues
of labor she has entered, are alike inherently unjust, and
unworthy of manhood, and knowing all this, being daily
and hourly aware oi the woe and want, the wretchedness
endured by thousands here in our midst, surely we can
see of plain duty enough, for hand and purse, without
going out of our way to discuss questions upon which
we must of necessity difler.
1 confessspeaking for myself alonethat notwith-
standing the positive assertion of our esteemed friend*
Mrs. Stanton, that we were putting the cart before the
horse, in dropping the word suffrage from our title ;
that I have but little faith in the ballot as a remedy for
what we complain of. By it we might gain some point
otherwise doubtfulwe might, perchance, secure privi-
leges we are now deprived of, hut however we altered or
amended the law, custom, more tyrannical than law,
would remain, and once possessed of the ballot, a moral
forcewoman's truer weapon, would, I fear, be lost. I
have more faith in appeal to reasonin laying bare abuse,
calmly, dispassionately, yet persistently, trusting in the
creation of a public opinion for the desired result. It is
in the power of this association, assisting in that crea-
tion, to do much. The World, editorially, very improp-
erly speaks of us as a "body of female compositors."
We trust to be more than that. All working women, be
their trade or employment what it may, are welcome to
our orga ization, and in the range of discussion we hope
to include many topics of vital interest. That of com-
pensation and co-operation, especially, should' claim
consideration, and there are others of almost equal im-
portance.
I want to see labor dignified ; I want to see my sex
elevated ; I want to see all of inequality removed, and in
the growing intelligence of the age, in the power oi
moral forces on the public mind, I build my faith that
all will be accomplished.
Miss AnthonyNow we want some practical ideas
about a fund to establish a co-operative female printing-
office. How much will it cost, Mr. Troup, to establish a
female co-operative printing office ?
Mr. Troupfrom $2,500 to 6,000,
Miss PeersJob printing is rather dull just now.
Miss AnthonyI will guarantee them the printing ol
" The Revolution. (Applause.)
Mr. Tomlinson.Thats good.
A Typographical delegatethe first thing for the ladies
to do is to form themselves into a union and establish a
scale of prices. There is no disposition among the mem-
bers of the Typographical Union to have them organize
themselves merely for the purpose of turning them out
of employment when they have organized.
L. A. Hine, of OhioThe question is, how much can
ladies save out of their $14, $16, or even $20 a week ?
Fashion is so rigorous and emphatic in its demands,
that $40 or $50 a week can be spent by them lor dress
alone, and still they will think that they have not spent
a cent more than is necessary to clothe themselves*
Therefore, bow much can they save cutoi their scan
wages to establish a co-operative business. Printers
live but 33 years on an average after they have attained
maohood. It is the same with shoemakers; they also
live their unhealthy life but thirty-three years on an
average. Tbe great mistake with capitalists is that they
think that they bave a right to own labor. They have
not. Labor should own itself. Teach economists, pub-
1 c men and scholars to have a higher opinion of the dig-
nity of labor.
Miss PeersI move that a special meeting be held
here next Monday evening tor the purpose of taking
measures to establish a female printii g office on the
plan of co-operation.
Miss Susie JonesI second that motion.
Mrs. TobittIt is moved and seconded that a specia
meeting be held in "The Revolution office next
Monday evening. Carried.
Mr. TroupI would suggest merely, not as a motion,
that the President of the National Typographical Union
be invited to attend the meeting.
Miss AnthonyI was just going to propose that an in-
vitation be extended to him.
Miss PeersI oppose that. I think that the women
can orgenize without tbe help of the men. (Laughter J
Miss AnthonyThats pretty good. (' augbter.)
Mr. Wm. H Sylvis, of Phil.I represent the iron-mould,
ers. The very first thing for labor to do i3 to ororganize
trade unions. Had we started the co-opera 5ve movement
ten years ago, we would have failed miserable. We spent
$1,500,(00 in sustaining strikes, look-outs, and similar
movements of the kind during the ten years. We had good
schooling, and we cannct say that we have not paid for
our education. We have smee learned the value of work
and co operation. 1 am an Iron-inouller, and I am per.
fectly willing that ladies should come into our business.
(Laughter.) It is a very hard business. Co-operation is
now overrun. In England there are over 100 co-opera-
tive associations. Prussia has over 1,500 associations.
Prussia surpasses all nations on the earth in the co-cp -
erative movement-, and it is chiefly because the Pm?,
sians are the best educated people in the world. All our
present success in co-operation is because of the primary
trade unions. The system oi wages is the curse of labor
all over the world. Labor; however, has been making
steady progress everywhere. We have now come to tbe
time when we can take hold oi co-operation, and wc
shall yet utterly abolish the accursed system ot wagee
for labor. I am in favor of universal liberty and univer-
sal suffrage, regardless of sex or color. They go hand
in hand with universal labor and co-operatim. I am
not in favor of v omen working. at all. I believe that
every man should be able to derive enough profit from
his toil to enable him to support his wife, daughter, cr
mother. 1 do not believe that woman was intended to
live by the sweat of her brow.
After some more discussion the motion to invite the
President of the National Typographical Union to the
next meeting on Monday night, was voted down, and an
adjournment was had until Monday night in the same
place.
WORKINGWOMENS ASSOCIATION, NO. 2.
MEETING AT THE WORKING WOMEN'S HOME.
From the New York World.
In obedience to a call published, the members of
Workingwomen's Association, No. 2, met Tuesday even-
ing, Sept. 22, at the Workingwomen's Home, No. 45
Elizabeth street. This home is occupied by 226 women
of various ages, from 14 to 65 years of age, who pay
$1.25 a week ior a room to sleep in, and washing. Board-
ing is on the restaurant plan, each boarder eating her
meals In the ordinary, and calling for what meats
and vegetables that she chooses at a cost of from $3 to
$5 a week, besides the charges for room and washing.
Since the 1st of September there has been sixty-one ap-
plications for admission to the Home, and forty-six
women were admitted. The building is an old and
spacious tenement house, and has been partially fitted
up for its present use. There is a piano and melodeon
for the use of the occupants, and a library, containing
fiiteen copies of the New Testament, wtb a choice selec-
tion of other religions books of (he Dairyman's
Daughter style of literature. Prayers are held in the
large meeting room, according to the Protestant form,
and those who do not belong to that faith are not com-
pelled to attend the services. The large room is car-
peted and looks rather comfortable. Lights are turned
off from the main meter at 10:30 oclock, and at that hour
every inmate is supposed to have retired to her couch.
The Association, the second of the kind in this city, was
organized but a week ago by the exertion of Miss Susan
B. Anthony, $nd fully one hundred women were present
last evening, principally young women of from 15 to 26,


198
$fte
with a sprinkling of middle aged persons. Many of the
girls by their faces and manners would grace a drawing*
room were their lots cast in a happier sphere. Out of
the hundred present this evening, perhaps eight or ten
were really beautiful and well-bred girls, who follow such
occupations as teaching music, learning to draw and
paint, or do fancy embroidery work of the finest kind.
Others there are who have to work very hard at sewing,
bo > i ilding, acting as clerks in fancy and dry goods
stores, and like occupations.
Miss S. A. Davis acted as Chairwoman, and Miss
Goodrich as Secretary. Miss Susan B. Anthony and
several delegates to the National L ibor Congress were
present.
After the meeting had been called to order, and the
minutes read by the Secretary, Miss Anthony addressed
the girls, stating the objects of the Association, and en-
forcing on the girls present the necessity ol getting the
right of Suffrage, so that they might be enabled to de-
mand for themselves a fair days wages for a lair day's
work. She sail that without the ballot they were ren-
dered incapable of helping themselves, while on the
other hand man were enabled, by the rights of franchise,
to strike for good wages and make their strikes effectual.
The address was received with marked attention by all
present.
Miss AnthonyHow many of the young ladies present
work as compositors ? Can you tell me ?
A young girl with curlsThere are none present.
L. A. Hine, of Ohio, delegate Workingmens Congress
Will not some of the women present give the prices
paid to them for their labor in their different occupa-
tions ?
Miss AnthonyThats a good idea. Will somebody
give us facts ?
A pleasant, lady-like girl, in a low voiceI get $2
a piece for making ladies cloth cloaks.
Miss AnthonyHow long does it take you to make
one?
Young girlLess than a day. It is partly machine and
partly hand work.
Miss AnthonyWell, go on, girls.
A girl in a dark dress, looking very pale from overwork
I make lace collars for twenty-two cents a dozen. I
can make three dozen in a day, twelve hours work,
thats sixty-six cents.
Another girlThere are several machine operators
here. Sgpme of them can make $6 a week by working
ten or fourteen hours a day. Others not $5 a week.
A fur-sewerI make lur collars and muffs, and earn
seventy-five cents a day by hard work.
Another girlWhy, I know some girls who make $1 a
day fur-sewing, and sometimes, by bringing their work
home, they make as much as $2 a day.
First fur-sewerNo, I don't think that's so. She
must work very hard.
A seamstressI can make two dozen oi mens flannel
shirts a day. I get sixty cents a dozen for them.
A dressmaker, very prettyI can make $7 a week
by working from six oclock in the morning until eight
n the evenipg.
Miss AnthonyThats hard work, in'eed.
A silk hat makerI can make $1 to $2 dollars a
day by working long hours at mens silk bats.
A tailoressI can make $11 a week by working con-
stantly from 7 until 6, on mens overcoats.
Hoop-skirt makerI can make $7 to $8 a week at
hoop-skirts, working from 7 in tbe morning until 6
in the evening.
A bright-eyed girlI make $6 a week feeding a press
in a printing-office, ten hours a day, plenty of work.
Miss AnthonyThats pretty rich.
A vest-makerI work at home, from early morning
until night, on vests. I get fifty cents a piece for
making them. I make $5 a week.
A seamstressI am a sewing finisher, and make $3 to
$4 a week, working moderately ten hours a day. If
I work very hard, and bring home night work, finishing
on the machine, J can make $5 a week at the most.
Another seamstressI make mens striped, white and
blue shirts, fifteen cents a dozen, and by bringing home
night work I can finish two dozen a day.
Cries of shame, thats not so, and laughter.
Miss AnthonyI am here to find out your wants, and
to help you to make more money. Fray do not make it
any worse than it is. Heaven knows, it i9 bad enough.
An overcoat makerI work on a machine, and earn
$13 and $14 a week.
Miss AnthonyPretty good girls.
A girl looking very ill, and weak in voiceI am a car-
pet-sewer. I work lor one of the largest carpet-houses in
the Bowery. The Brussels carpets are very stiff some-
times, and I blister my hands very badly (showing her
blisteredfingors).! worked nearly three days, and I sew
ed fifty yards of carpet, and when I asked him to pay me
for seeing the borders, which is additional work, he
laughed and sid it was chucked in. (Sensation and
cries of whats his name ?)
Miss AnthonyReporters, dont give (he name, it is
the crime of a system not of an individual. The indi-
vidual slaveholder was not a criminalhis system was a
crime. Bo it is with these poor white slave girls.
A saleswomanI am a first-class saleswoman in a first-
class dry goods store ; I work from 8 until 9 at night,
and get $7 a week. Thats all.
A piece of embroidery on a hoys linen spencer was
here shown to the reporters by Miss Anthony. In one
day and two nights the girl earned $1.26 on the work.
A bookfolderI make $4 to $5 a week working mod-
erately at bookfolding. At bard work'girls will average
$8 or $9 a week.
An umbrella-maker, a fair and delicate young girl
By working from daylight until dark I can make $6 a
week. Its very hard work.
Another umbrella-maker, very stout, very aggressive,
ancl very nervousI make as high as $20 a week on para-
sols, and $10 a week working on flmbrella-woik. I dont
believe she is a good worker, or she would make more.
I dont work so very bard.
Miss AnthonyBut then you work very long hours ?
Aggressive umbrella-maker I dont work any longer
than anybody else ; thats enough.
A deaf mute, a very pretty girl with long black curls,
made signs to a companion to let her know that she was
glad Miss Anthony was prese it, and spoke as follows in
the mute language : I work at book-binding, and make
$6 a week, and 1 like it.
A metal burnisherI can make with slow work $8 a
week, and working very hard can make as much as $20
a week.
A kid glove makerWe can make $10 to $12 a week
at our trade, working from 8 oclock until 6:30
Paper collar makerI make paper collars and paste
little pieces of cloth where the button-holes are. I get
eight cents a hundred. By hard work until my eyes get
dim, from 7 until 6 in the evening, I can make $6 to $8
a week, I have to make 1,250 collars for one dollar.
Miss AnthonyThats hard work I believemultipli-
cation will tell you that, reporters.
Lady ClerkI au in a dry goods storea very good
one. I work from 7 until 0 five nights a week, and on
Saturday from 7 until 11 for $6 a week. 1 sometimes
bring work home with me.
Corset makerI work on a machine for $1 a dozen.
By dint of hard work I manage to make $5 a week, and
I count that a good weeks work.
Straw hat sewerI sew little straw braids together,
and get 4 to 6 cents a hat. I make $5 to $6 a week.
A young French lady who did sewing, and as a help to
earn her bread, worked on babies fine embroidery, white
silk work on white merino, and get $1 a piece for the
little jackets. She could make one a day.
Here the inspection ceased, and there was a confused
hum for a moment, and the girls chatted to each other
as only girls can.
Miss AnthODyI believe that you girls live here on
tbe restaurant plan, and 1 think you live cheaper than
we can down town at restaurants. If you didnt I dont
see how you could get along at all at your wages.
L. A. Hine, of OhioThere is probably within a stones
throw a great many young women to-night who are
stitching their eyes out for a less compensation than
what we have heard of to-night. A great many here
there are who make $8 to $10 a week. How many are
there outside who do not make half of those sumsf
The importance of laboring unions must be plain to you
all. It is the only means of lifting you from this misery.
Get together and form associations and establish scales
of prices. It is your only hope. These meetings will
also be a means of making sanitary inquiries and in-
quiries after your bodily health. I dont see how it is
possible for any girl after oblaining her majority to live
ten years at this kind of work exhibited here to-Dight.
You are here for a year or so and then you are gone for-
ever. (Sensation.) There is nothing like cash in this
world oi mammon. It is everything. Save ail you can
and hoard it. ft will he of use to you, girls. (Applause.)
Miss AnthonyHave a spirit of independence among
yon, a wholesome discontent, as Ralph Waldo Emerson
has said, and you will get better wages for yourselves.
Get together and discuss, and meet again and again to
discuss this question, and all the time have a wholesome
discontent, or you will never achieve your rights. You
must not work for these starving prices any longer?
Talk to one another, and I will come and talk to you,
andjfbe press will support you, for the reporters put
everything down, and particularly the World reporters ;
and by and by we will have an immense mass meeting
of women, where all can talk if they choose, and all tbe
good men and women oi America, listening to your ap-
peal will come forward and stand by you. Get the
ballot, and then if you strike the men of the Trade
Unions will sustain you with money and assistance. I
will be with you next Tuesday night as soon as I have
organized my type-setting girls, and now I propose three
cheers for the reporter who wrote such good reports of
your working girls proceedings.
Three cheers were given heartily, and then Miss Baker
proposed three cheers for Miss Anthony, which were
given with great good will. The meeting then ad-
journed until next Monday evening. Tbe Superinten-
dent, Mr. Field, stated to our reporter that the reports
in a Sunday paper about.the' outrages in the home were
all false and malicious, and that the girl who caused
them bad been expelled tor noisy and boisterous con-
duct.
Several girls also assured our reporter that it was not
true that they were compelled to eat pork and beaus, or
hash, which they abhor, on Friday.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANOXS TRAIN.
----------------------*---
SOME GOOD ADVICE FOE THE NATIONAL SCHOOL
BOYS OFF FOE AMEEICA. ANOTHEE JUDGE RE-
FUSES JUSTICE.THE GOVEENMENT REFUSES
TO GIVE UP ME. TEAIN.
Dublin, Four Couets Mabshalsea, )
Sept. 12, 1868. f
Deae Revolution : See Irishman levee anil
Train Extra. Here are some thoughts for a
new beginner.
MR. trains REPLY TO A PARTY OF YOUNG MEN
FROM THE NATIONAL SCHOOLS JUST EMBARKING
FOE AMERICA.
Four Courts Marshalsea, Sept. 5,1868.
Dear * : Your kind words cheer me in my
prison cell, but so many friends call, so many letters to
answer, so many things to do, I have no time to bo lone-
some. It does no good to quancl with tbe world. I am
a good fighter notwithstanding. Tbe meanest worm will
turn if trodden upon. England bas, as you say, treated
me badly, but the lane is long that has no turn. My
time will come. You want some good advice. It has
ruined many a man, but here is a paragraph of precepts
which, well observed, will commaod respect. A few
precepts lor young men hound to America : Rise early,
be abstemious, be frugal, attend to your own business
and never trust it to auother ; be not afraid to work, and
diligently, too, with your own hands; treat every one
with civility and respectgood manners ensure success;
accomplish what you undertake, decide, then persevere;
diligence and industry overcome all difficulties ; never
be mean, rather give than take the odd shilling ; never
postpone till tbe morrow what can be done to-day; never
anticipate wealth trom any source but labor; honesty is
not only the best policy, but the only policy ; commence
at the first round and keep climbing; make your word as
good as your bond ;--seek knowledge to plan, enterprise
to execute, honesty to govern a:l; never trade beyond
vourstock; never give too large credit; borrow not
that you cannot pay, nor lend; application aud industry
indispensible ; time is money ; make few promises ;
keep your secrets; live within your income; sobriety
above all things ; luck is a word that does not apply to
a successful man ; not too much caution; slow but
sure is the thing ; the highest monuments are built piece
by piece; step by step wemount thePvramids; be bold,
be resolute when clouds gather; difficulties are sur -
mounted by opposition ; self-confidence, self-reliance is
capital 5 your conscience the best monitor; never be
oyer-sanguine, but dont underrate your own abilities ;
dont be discouraged ; ninety-nine may so no, the hun-
dredth yes; take off your coat, roll up your sleeves, dont
be afraid of manual labor ; America is large enough for
all j strike out for the west; the sea-shore cities are too
crowded; the best letter of introduction is your own
energy; lean on yourself when you walk; keep good
company ; the Spaniards say if you lie down with dogs,
you will get up with fleas; become citizens at once
now it dont amount to anything, any rotten old mon-
archy can kick any American, and his government will
say Amon ; but il will pot always be so. Some day I will
make Civis Anericanus Sum the watchword of liberty.
George Francis Train.
These are the points that drive J. B. into a
Lunatic Asylum. I am bound to take it out of
the old fellows hide some way,.


RESOLUTION PASSED AT THE LAST LEVEE OP
NATIONALISTS IN THE FOUR COURTS MAB-
SHALSEA.
Resolved, That in order to ameliorate the terrible
cruelties inflicted on the Irish and American political
prisoners in British Bastiles (wide, ODonovan Rossa,
Private Curry, and Father MacMahon), the government
be asked to introduce into England the humane system
adopted by Russia in SiberiaHaynau in Austria
Bomba in NaplesMalakoff in AlgiersTheodore in
Abyssiniaand Suraj ul Donlah in the Black Hole of
Calcutta.
SWINDLED AGAIN TO-DAY.NO COMING HOME
THIS STEAMER.ANOTHER JUDGE SENDS ME
BACK TO JAIL FOR LIFE.
No appealno redress. Discharge again refused with
costs, my motions are always wrong. The Plainliffs always
right. They can omit facts, suppress garnishees, swear
false oaths, over-mark judgments : bring each case in
the name of a different Ebbw Vale Co., and then, as in
the motion yesterday, ignore all three of tliem, and change
it to Robinson & Co., individually, and each new Judge
decides in their favor with costs, Isaac Butt has more
brains than any Judge on the Irish Bench, and he
proved yesterday my arrest illegal, and my incarceration
an outrage against all law and fair dealing. Never mind;
my time will come. Costello and Warren are still in the
Bastile, For shame, Americans l On to Canada."
These extracts, to-day, from my Bastile Extra,
will show you how the wind sets :
LETTER TO JAMES MHENRY, THE CO-PARTNER OF
THE EBBW VALE COMPANY, IN THE ATLANTIC AND
GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY.
19 Eccles Street, Dublin, \
September 4, 186S. j
James McHenry, Esq. Sir: 1 beg to apprise you that
I am instructed by my client. Mr. George Francis Train >
to take immediate proceedings against you to enforce
payment and compensation for the serious loss which he
has sustained by reason of your default in not paying
over the sum of £710 16s. 6<2., deposited in your hands,
to discharge Mr. Trains engagement to the Ebbw Vale
v Company. I have looked over all the documents now
before me connected with the case, and And that you
got credit for the £710 16s. 6d, out of the £20,000 of Mrs.
Train's trust-money, being the amount ol the Garnishee,
order obtained against you to attach the £710 16s. 6d.,
the very identical debt due to the Ebbw Vale Company,
for which Mr. Train was Illegally and perfidiously ar-
rested (by Mr. Joseph Robinson, your co-partner in
trade, and -with whom you are acting in collusion, as
charged by Mr. Trains affidavit) on the 3d March last,
and ignominously committed to prison, where he still
remains incarcerated and exiled from his home, wife and
children, all occasioned by your gross misconduct and
embezzlement of his money. It is painful to me to
write in such language to a gentleman in your high po~
sition, but I feel it my duty to do so when I have a docu.
' ment before me signed by you, in preseoce of Mr.
Durant, admitting the £710 16s. 6d. to be in your hands,
and consenting to pay same to the Ebbw Vale Company,
' and to produce a voucher therefor to Colonel Davis, as
the trustee of Mrs. Train, or to Mr. Durant, the coun-
seller who adjusted and witnessed the execution of the
settlement signed by you ; and when I also have before
me the sworn testimony of such highly respectable
. gentlemen as Colonel Davis, Mr. Durant, and Mr. Clark
Bell, their solicitor, I shudder at the disgraceful position
in which you now stand, you being the sole cause of the
ruin, degradation, and loss brought on Mr. Train, aggra-
vated by the false affidavit you swore in the Insolvent
proceedings, and for which it will be my painful duty to
punish you for such wilful and corrupt perjury. No
money could repair Mr. Train's character and place him
again in the houorable position in which he stood pre-
vious to his arrest; but in fairness I warn you of the
dreadful consequences that must result to you by reason
of my peremptory instructions, in order that you may
even in the eleventh hour feel contrition, and come for-
ward and pay the money you so purloined, and compen-
sate my client for the losses he has sustained; but I
write this letter without prejudice to the several hostile
proceedings now advising against you ; and also without
prejudice to tbe pending application of the Court of Ex-
(chequer ( of which you have been served with notice) to
have Mr. Train discharged from custody, when all the
documents referred to, and your shameful conduct wilj
be brought before the court and the public.
I remain, sir, your very obedient servant,
James Symes.
6 Victoria street, Westminster, London,

$lu lUutfluUtfts.
199
JAMES MHENRY THE CO-PARTNER OF THE EBBW
VALE COMPANY IN THE ATLANTIC AND GREAT
WESTERN RAILROAD OF NORTH AMERICA.
NO TIME LOST IN DUBLIN !
Four Courts Marshalsea, )
September 7, 1868. }
James J. Rynd, Esq., Solicitor Dublin.
Dear Sir : James McHenry arrived in Dublin last
night. Please summon him to appear in my case. An
oath in Dublin, and an affidavit in London are two distinc l
thing*. Sincerely, Geo. Francis Train.
Just as I had arranged to have Mr. McHenry brought
face to lace in Court, with his affidavit, the following
telegram appears in the Irish Times :
DEPARTURE OF JAMES MHENRY.
From our Own Correspondent.
Queenstown, Sept. 9.
Mr. James McHenry, the eminent railroad contrac-
tor, so well kQown in the case of Mr. George Francis
Train, was a passenger on hoard the outward Cunard
mail steamer, Russia, on Sunday en route for New York."
THE THREE EBBW VALE COMPANIES AND THE THREE
* AFFIDAVITS.
Affidavit of Joseph Robinson, one of the people called
Quakers.
I affirm that
1, When I got the kettle it was cracked.
2, I returned the kettle whole.
3, I never had the kettle at all.
Question by the JudgeWhich one of these affidavits
do you intend to act upon ?
PlaintiffOne of the people called Quakersneither,
my lord; neither of the three Ebbw Vale companies are
plaintiffsI prosecute on behalf of the British Govern-
ment. (Sensation in the Court.)
TELEGRAM TO ARREST JAMES MHENRY IN AMERICA.
The lane is long which has no turning. We shall soon
see which is Blucher and which is Wellington. Whether
McHenry is the tool of the Ebbw Vale, or the Ebbw Vale
the tool of McHenry, or both agents to Lord Mayo. I
send the following telegram to my private secretary to-
day :
Dublin, Sept 12.
Geo. P. Bemis, 20 Nassau street, New York :
Arrest James McHenry on Russia for Ebbw Vale
claim and damages. Davis and Durant have documents.
George Francis Train.
THE AMERICAN MINISTER AND LORD STANLEY TALK-
ING OVER MR. TRAIN'S CASE.
, Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, )
August 17,1868. |
Hon. Reverdy Johnson, American Minister, London.
Dear Sir : Seven months' absence from my familyat
Newportfive of which I have been illegally incarcerated
in a British jail, for a debt sworn affidavits from George T-
M. Davis, Thomas C. Durant and Clarke Bell, all known
to you, prove I had paid many years agois my apol-
ogy for troubling you with my affairs (in the same letter
in whioli I congratulate you upon your appointment,
confirmation and sate arrival) before you are fairly domi-
ciled in your official quarters.
Believing that Costello anl Warren will be liberated
before you have been many weeks m London, and that
Roantree, Burke, Mackey, ODonovan Rossa, Halpin and
McAfferty, who were refused a jury de meditate linguatf
will also soon be free under your prompt and courteous
diplomacy, I feel no hesitation in speaking of my own
case; but did I suppose that England would much longer
ignore the demand of the President and Congress, I
should prefer to wait coming events.
My present imprisonment is only a second edition of
the Cork arrest in a binding workmanship -an action of
private merchants, where the Government remain, as
Lord Mayo stated to Mr. Bearden the last day of the ses
sion, strictly neutral. The Government would not in-
terfere with the judicial branch. As one of the fore-
most of American lawyers, I place those documents in
your hands, showing on their face the outrage upon my
person and business :
1. The protest of the Cork arrest.
2. Mr. Rearden's speech in Parliament, and the sworn
affidavits that the debt lor which I am nowin prison was
paid.
3. Notice of motion, briefly staling the illegalities of
my arrest and detention.
In writing to you, I do not presume upon an introduc.
tory acquaintance in New York, or meeting you subse-
quently in Washington, but address you, as an American
citizen in a foreign land has a right to address the am-
bassador of his country. Will you be ?o kind as to bring
my case before Lord Stanley at as early a day as possible,
and, in the absence of prompt action before the author-
ities at Washington. An early answer will oblige,
Sincerely, George Francis Train.
Having received no reply to that letter, I again wrote
to him as follows :
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, 1
September 2, 1868. j
To the Honorable* Reverdy Johnson, American Minister,
London.
Dear SrR : Permit me to suppose the case of a change
of places. You an American citizen, five months incar-
cerated as a political prisoner in a foreign land, in a debt
ors gaol, and I tbe American Minister in London. You
write me a courteous letter, expecting, at least, an ac-.
knowledgment of its receipt. I do not consider the ille-
gal imprisonment of an American citizen of sufficient
importance to reply to the letter. Under these circum-
stances, perhaps, you might feel neglected, but I have
become so accustomed to the neglect of our adopted citi-
zens, I look for little assistance from my government,
because I happen to be native-born (my grandfather, the
Rev. George Pickering, hailing from your own State and
city). I am not surprised, since an American passport
has become tbe by-word of nations, that you pay no at-
tention to the important documents sent you two weeks
ago. Many of my letters to and from are Sir James
Grahamized in the post-office, but I cannot think the
British government would stop a letter from an Ameri-
can citizen to his ambassador. I should, however, be
gratified to hear that it reached you safely.
incerelv, George Francis Train.
me. Johnsons p.eply.
U. S. Legation, London,)
Sept. 7,1868. J
Dear Sir : Your two notes of tbe 17lh of August and
2d of this month were duly received. You do me in-
justice in supposing, as your second note intimates, that
I have been wanting in courtesy or kindness in failing to
leply lo tbe first. What you desired me to do in that
was to call your case to the attention of Lord Stanley.
He was then on the continent; and did not return until
last eveuing. As soon as I can obtain an interview with
him I will bring your matter to hisaltention, and lose no
time m advising you of tt e result. I had supposed that
you knew me too well to think for a moment that I could
be indifferent to the rights or interests of any American
citizen. And hoping that I may prove this in your in-
stance, I remain, very respectfully,
Your obedient eervant,-
Revebdy Johnson.
George Francis Train. Esq., )
Four Courts Marshalsea, Dublin, j
It is really kind of you to say so many pleas-
ant tilings of your correspondent in the Bas-
tile. Thanks to Boston Journal, Express, Sun,
Cleveland Leader, Omaha Herald and World,
for good words and a helping hand. Question
of honor, character, country keeps me in the
field. Geo. Francis Train.
Isabella Andreini was an eminent comic acress,
though still more famous for her literary taients and ac
complishments. She was horn at Padua, in 1562, and
displayed such extraordinary precocity of genius, that
she composed a pastoral when she was scarcely able to
read. She w.ts well versed in philosophy and languages,
sang and played divinely, was beautiful, and crowned
the whole by irreproachable morals. She died at Lyons
in 1604. Her compositions consist of poems, letters,
and dialogues. Her husband, Francis Andreini, was in-
consolable for her loss ; and himself was a man of con-
siderable abilities, being the author of three dramas,
and miscellanies. Her son John Baptist Andreini, bom
at Florence in 1578, was also possessed of great talents,
and, as an actor, was admired both in Italy and France.
His writings are somewhat deficient in judgment, and
vitiated by bad taste in following the prevailing bias (for
the example of Marino) of the period. His Adamo, a sa-
cred drama, is celebrated by many aa having given Milton
the first idea of Paradise Lost.
Divorces in Connecticut.Dr. Woolsey President of
Yale College, in an article designed to show the necessity
of a revision of the loose legislation governing the mari.
tal relations, says that in Connecticut during the las
eight years there were 2,910 divorces, or nearly one to
every eleven of the marriages in the State.


200

Of cun 1111i n 11.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) -r.,,-*-
PARKER PILLSBURY, j manors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, OCTOBER 1, 1868.
'NATIONAL LABOR CONGRESS.
The great event of tine last week has been the
National Labor Congress, held in Germania
Hall. There were about one hundred delegates
representing the different Trades Unions in the
countryall were of more than average ability,
and the leaders equal to any men of the age.
Those who have read the speeches and essays
of Sylvis, Whaley, Campbell, Cameron, Hine,
Haywood, Lucker, Trevellick, Phelps, Saxton
and others will agree with us that the interests
of the country would be safe in hands like these.
In their discussions of great national questions
such as Capital and Labor, Finance, Public
Lands, Emigration, Free Trade and Universal
Suffrage, their debates were superior to those of
any body of statesmen ever assembled on this
continent. True, there was no special exhibi-
tion of scholarly attainments, classical allu-
sions, or Latin quotations ; but logical argu-
ments and clear statements of the causes of
the disorganization of our social condition.
The opening address of the President, C. C.
Whaley of Washington, is worthy the careful
consideration of every thinker on national life.
We publish, in our Financial column, their
patform which, in our opinion, is far superior
to that of either Chicago or Tammany.
The admission of four women as delegates
marks a new era in Workingmens Conventions.
And the appointment of Mrs. Catharine Me-
laney, President of the Collar Laundry Union
of Troy, composed of five hundred women, as
Assistant Secretary, whose duly it will be to or-
ganize Labor Unions all over the country, shows
the recognition of woman to be the future policy
of the National Labor Congress. Thus have
they inaugurated the grandest movement of the
century, proved themselves wise in reading the
signs of the times and cunning in securing the
only element of iaith and enthusiasm that will
make the hew national party of America, the
foundations of which they are now laying,
triumphant in 1872. The producersthe work-
ingmen, the women, the negroes-are destined
to form a triple power that shall speedily wrest
the sceptre of government from the non-pro-
ducersthe land monopolists, the bondholders,
the politicians.
If colored men had been as wide awake as
the women, instead of idly waiting for republi-
cans and abolitionists, now melted into one
(their very apostle, Wendell Phillips, having
given in his adhesion in last week's Standard),
they would have had their Labor Unions, and
sent their delegates to this National Labor
Congress. Such representative men as -John
Mercer Langston, Robert Purvis, and Frederick
Douglass would have been readily admitted, and
thus, not only have dignified their race, but by
their logic, learning, eloquence and power have
added greatly to the ability and interest of the
Convention. We urge the colored men of the
country to remember that they who would be
free themselves must strike the blow ; hence,
if they a not represented in the next National
Labor Congress, to be held in Pittsburg, Penn.,
August, 1869, it is their own fault. You see,
friends, so soon as we women get a foothold
among the white males,*' instead of selfishly
rejoicing in our own good fortune, forgetting all
that are behind, we turn to help our colored
brother up to the same platform. The world
never hears us say, this is the womans hour,
for in the world of work, as in politics, we de-
mand tbe equal recognition of the whole people.
One thing was clearly understood in the Con-
ventionthat the workingmen would no longer
be led by the nose by politicians, as they pro-
posed to have a peoples party in 72. They
feel that it is a matter of no consequence which
party succeeds in the coming election, as their
condition will be precisely the same in the
success of either Grant or Seymour. As to all
the talk about a country, that with Grant we
shall have peace, and with Seymour war, so
long as neither party proposes Universal Suf-
frage, or a Sound Monetary Systeiff, it makos no
difference to the masses which succeeds ; or,
whether they are made slave s by brute force or
cunning legislation. e. c. s.
FRARK BLAIR ON WOMANS SUFFRAGE
We hope every woman in the country will
read the able speech, of Frank Blair in the
World of Saturday, Sept. 26th, showing as it
does, most clearly and conclusively, what is to
be the fate of American women under the radi-
cal policy of manhood suffrage. If you
would know, women of tbe republic, how little
trust you can put even in the men of your own
race, look at your statutes and constitutions,
and see the barbarous laws for women. If
Saxon men have legislated thus for their own
mothers, wives and daughters, what can we
hope for at the hands of Chinese, Indians and
Africans? Mr. Blair gives in his speech, which
we are sorry we have not the room to copy in full,
extracts from several historians, to show how
these different nations treat their women. Once
more, we say, in the name of the educated wo-
men of this country, we protest against the en-
franchisement of another man of any race or
clime until the daughters of Jefferson, Hancock
and Adams are crowned with all their rights.
e. c. s.
The Tribunes London correspondent says :
The question of Female Suffrage comes to the front
rather more often here than in AmericaI suppose be-
cause there is a better organized and more reasonably
conducted movement here than there.
The trouble with the gentleman is, he reads
only the radical papers, and so does not know
all that is going on here. In the last year the
women have voted in Sturgis, Passaic, Schenec-
tady ; have offered their votes in Vineland and
Mount Vernon, and are pushing tbeir way on
all sides, in the church as well as the state. To
know what is going on among the women, one
must read the N. Y. World and the speech of
the democratic candidate for Vice-President.
Radicals are too much absorbed in securing the
negro votes to look after the women. We think
our good democrats are managing the cause of
woman quite as well as the tories of England.
The gentleman will see by the N. Y. World aho,
that women were admitted as delegates to the
National Labor Congress, just held iu the city
of New York, where, in their resolutions on wo-
man's work as well as in their platform, the
ballot was recognized as the fundamental reme-
dy for womans wrongs. Can the women of
England boast of fifty public spea&fcrs that can
debate on any national question with credit to
themselves and their country V The published
speeches of American women compare favor-
ably not only with English women, but with
the men of their own nation. Have the wo-
men of England a political paper that circu-
lates among thousands on both continents, and
is laid on the editorial tables of the first jour-
nals in the world? We have no patience with
the toadyism of that class of Americans who,
when they visit Europe, forget, in the glitter
and tinsel of kings and courts, the grandeur of
their own institutions, and the merits of their
own countrywomen.
WORKING WOMEN.
We call the attention of our readers to the re-
ports of the working womens meetings pub-
lished in another column, and especially to the
starving prices at which they work. The more
we look into this problem of womens work, the
greater necessity we see. 1st. That all girls
should be early taught the duty of self-support,
and trained for some trade or profession. 2d.
That all the schools and colleges, trade and pro-
fessions should be thrown^ppen to women, that
they need not be crowded into one or two em-
ployments. 3d." That they and their labor
should be dignified by making them the peers
of man in the state, the church, and the home.
Now, the only way that this can be accomplish-
ed, is for women to stand by each other, organ-
ize their unions all over the country* be ambi-
tious to excel in whatever they undertake, do
their work well and then demand the highest
prices. This National Labor Congress have
passed resolutions pledging themselves to stand
by women in securing equal wages for equal
work.
The World says
Miss Susan B. Anthony has adopted the Grecian bend.
Oh! no, Mr. Editor, hers is the Suffrage
bend, the result of twenty years hard work
for the enfranchisement of woman. Miss An-
thony is fortunately emancipated from the
tyranny of fashion. Some of the malicious re-
publican papers say that our friends, the
Democratic party, will adopt the Grecian bend
in November. As it needs a good deal of pre-
paration to do that thing gracefully, we advise
them to get ready in time, by casting off the
dead skin of the past and emerging on the high
ground of The Revolution.
Then if the Republicans do carry the election,
as they undoubtedly will, they will awake to the
fact that while they have been scrambling for
office the philosophical democrats have en-
trenched themselves in principle, on the Gibral-
ter rock of justice and equality, with one hand
lifting up the negro to manhood and citizen-
ship, and with the other, crowning the women
of the republic, as their rightful peers, in politi-
cal, religious, and social life.
Women and the Trades Unions.At a large
mass meeting of the Trades Union in Albany
last week a resolution was passed denouncing
the low wages and long hours for girls and wo-
men and recommending them to learn tirades and
join the Labor Unions, or use other honorable
means to compel men to render unto every wo-
man according to her works. This last resolu-
tion the Commercial Advertiser thinks is a novel-
ty in the actiop of these Unions,


201
THE WORLD.
On another page will be found reports from
the World of those discussions in the National
Labor Congress that refer to womans labor,
and the admission of female delegates into the
Convention. Those persons at a distance de-
siring to have fall reports of the debates con*
tinuing through six days would do well to ob-
tain the New York World of that week, as its re-
ports, as usual, were full, fair, and interesting.
That journal always has the best reports and
reviews of any paper in the city, and publish-
es more in one week on the Womans Eights
question than all our radical daily papers do in
a year.
THE BURLINGAME CHINA MISSION.
AMERICAN FETES TO THE MANDARINS.
From the Pall-Mall Gazette.
"We are afraid the Americans have already spoiled the
Chinese Ambassadors. They have been taken through a
course of unlimited feasting and carousal. At New
York a great dinner was given to them, and Mr. Evarts,
now Attorney-General, in enumerating the points of dif-
ference between the Chinese and the Americans, said
that the former had no national debt ; but, with the
proverbial generosity of his countrymen, he added*
Never mind; let them take ours. Perhaps the
Embassy did not comprehend this offer; at any rate,
they did not accept it. Very shortly after they were
flattered by the polite attentions of the strong-minded
women. Mrs. Stanton, the conductor of the Womans
Eights journal, called upon the Chinese and +old them
the only thing the American woman wanted to make them
supremely happy was to vote. I thought you were
going to say a set of jewels, replied the chief mandarin
if he be a mandarin; but of course the ladies
of America have minds above suoh vanities. It is in
Boston, however, that the Chinese have had the greatest
success. Dr. 0. W. Holmes condescended to write a
poem in their special honor, one stanza of which runs as
follows :
Open wide, ye gates of gold
Till Nevadas breezes fan
The snowy peaks of Ta Sieue Shan
Till Erie blends its waters blue
With the waves of Tung-Tin-Hu
Till deep Missouri lends its flow
To swell the rushing Hoang-Ho 1
Mr. Sumner gave the patient ambassadors a long ac-
count of Marco Polo and Mr. E. W. Emerson praised tea
as the cordial of nations. Aiter Mr. Charles Sum-
ners speech, the band played the tune of Champagne
Charlie, the appropriateness of which to Mr. Sumners
light style of oratory seems to have at once struck the
audience. The Chinese will be disappointed, after all thisf
with their reception in England. Goldsmiths Chinese
philosopher reported that it was a custom with English-
men turned of thirty to retire at proper intervals every
year and lie in of the spleen. When the new ambassa-
dors contrast tbeir reception here with that which they
experienced in America, they wi 1 think they have un-
luckily arrived at one of our great lying-in seasons.
In view of the proverbial stolidity of the
English white male, for the credit of the
country, introduce the Chinese to your strong-
minded women. With Miss Lydia Becker, Fran-
ces Power Cobbe, Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Bodichou,
Lily Maxwell, etc., etc., Chib and Sun will be
as much entertained as they were with the gal-
axy of stars they met at Secretary Sewards re-
ception. The society of cultivated, healthy,
happy women would do far more to brighten
the male intellect than all the Brewers to her
Majesty in the nation.
As Chih and Sun Tejeu promised to subscribe
for The Revolution, we are to have the
honor of an introduction to the Chinese Em-
pire, and inaugurate a celestial Revolutionun-
like that described by Milton, which consisted
of masculine angels descending to lower and
lower depths of discord, disease and depravity
Wxt fUvfllutitftt.
but of feminine angels, ascending higher and
higher, to the divine heights of peace, purity
and equality. What a fact for the nineteenth
century is the condition of Chinese womenig-
norant and secludedthey know nothing of the
great outer world ; nothing of the wonders of
the age in which they live ; permitted neither
to read, write, travel, and in many parts of the
country, not even to walk The alphabet and
locomotion are considered as dangerous in China
as are education and the ballot in England and
America; and our treatment of women will
seem as absurd twenty years hence as that of
the Chinese to-day.
Why dont our Irish fellow-citizens in some of the city
districts show their appreciation of the services of George
Francis Train by electing him to Congress ? Mr. Train
merits this acknowledgment at their hands ; and thou-
sands of native-born voters of all parties would rally to
tbe support of a candidate of so much eloquence and
originality. Mr. Train would be sure to distinguish
himself in Congress. Why shouldnt the people of
the Fifth District, where the squabble between Mr.
Morrissey and his opponents is red-hot, reconcile all
their differences by concentrating upon Train ? Let
them ponder on this idea. The more they consider
it, the better they will like it.Sun.
Yes, that is the thing to be done. We thirk
it would be a great benefit both to the country
and Mr. Train, The discipline of parliamentary
rules, speaking on time, and to the point, would
greatly improve him ; and it would be a great
credit to any district in our city to be repre-
sented by a man that neither drinks, or smokes,
or chews, or lies, or steals, or swears, and believes
in the interests of labor and a new monetary
system.
Henry Ward Beecher, writing to the Ledger,
says :
As autobiographies are in fashion, I will insert a chap-
ter of my own. When I was about eight or nine years
old I took care of a cow, a horse,, and the pigs, split and
brought in the wood, and did considerable .housework.
The confinement of the district-school was exceedingly
distasteful to me. To sit for hours with a spelling-book or
reader, without an idea, forbidden to whisper, and made
to drone and drudge, was so irksome that, when I was
nine years old, I petitioned to stay at home. I was told
that I should grow up ignorant and stupid. Very well,
ignorant and stupid I would be. Not thinking that I
would agree io it, my mother said (hat I might stay at
home if I would do the housework. I jumped at the
chance 1 A long checked apron was made for me. It was
my duty to set the table, to wait on others during meals,
to clear-off the things, shake and fold tbe tablecloth,
wash tbe dishes, scour the knives and forks, sweep up
the carpet, dust the chairs and furniture, and in short,
to do the whole ol a second girls work. With such relish
did I pursue my tasks that my mother could not withhold
her commendation, though she was always sparing of
praise. To these tasks I soon added the hemming of
towels and napkins, and of coarse fabricationsbags,
ticks, and such like. During this period I also continued
my stable work. Being heaithy and vigorous, I enjoyed
the training, and was never so- good a boy, at home, as
during the six months thus employed. Nor would I for
any consideration spare the knowledge I then obtained.
It has been of incalculable valne to me all my life. I have
never been afraid of breaking down and having nothing
to do. The word is full of business if a man has a head
and hand to attend to It with. I am not naturally expert
in manual craft, yet there are few things that I cannot do
after a manner.
While women are emerging from the household, and
learning trades, professions and arts, men should learn
more of domes tic craft, and thus, both the one and the
other, will get along in life easier and better.
It is time now for the world to talk a little on
mans sphere. We should like to know why
all boys should not be trained to do housework
and ew as well as girts. Just look at the time
farmers have in the winter evenings. Now, if
they had sewing machines, they could do a
greater part of the family sewing, and thus re*
lieve their nervous wives and daughteis from
the most exhausting work they do. Women
work all day and sew all night, while men sleep
and read the newspapers.
There are multitudes of women who never get
time to look at a newspaper from one weeks end
to another There is no end to the work of far-
mers wives ; even nights and Sundays bring
them no relief. Cows must be milked, men fed,
children nursed, winter and summer, day and
night their work goes on. Statistics show that
more farmers wives than any other class be-
come insane, snch is the monotony and constant
strain of their lives. Now, we say to all good
fanners, take hold when yon have time, and
help your wives with the housework and sewing,
and then take them with jbu to town, that they,
too, can chat with their neighbors, sell the but-
ter and eggs, and spend the money as they
desire.
ADAH ISAACS MENKEN
The Successor op Miss Mesken.1The theatrical
critic of the Liberte, M. Paul de Saint Victor, writes on
the reproduction of the Pirates of the Savannah at
the Chatelet Theatre, as follows : It is a Mexican
drama tattooed with local coloiiog, splendidly put on the
stage, and as amusing as a filibustering story or an ac-
count of a shipwreck. Mile. Sarah Dowe has taken the
place of poor Adah Menken, who was dismounted by
death from ibe equestrian role which she was to under-
take. The debutante has neither the beauty nor the re
nown of Adah, but her pantomime is striking, and her
face has quickness and expression. She was much ap-
plauded.London Queen.
Poor Adah! when she died she left the world
a book of poems that reveals an inner life of love
for the true, the pure, the beautiful, that none
could have imagined possible in the actress,
whose public and private life were alike sensual
and scandalous. Who can read the following,
verses from her pen, without feeling that this
unfortunate girl, a victim of society, was full of
genius and tenderness, and that under more for-
tunate circumstances, she might have been an
honor to her sex. How sad and touching is this
confession of the failure of her life.
Wbere is the promise of my years :
Once written on my brow ?
Ere errors, agonies, and fears.
Brought with them all that speaks in tears,
Ere I had sunk beneath my peers;
Where sleeps that promise now ?
Nought lingers to redeem those hours.
Still, still, to memory sweet I
The flowers that bloomed in sunny bowers
Are withered all; and Evil towers
Supreme above her sisiers powers
Of Sorrow and Deceit.
I look along the columned years,
And see Lifes riven fane,
Just where it fell, amid the jeers
Of scornful lips, whose mocking sneers
Forever hiss within mine ears
To break the sleep of pain.
I can but own my life is vain,
A desert void of peace;
I misled the goal I sought to gain,
I missed the measure of the strain
That lulls Fames fever in the brain,
And bids Earths tumult cease.
Myself 1 alas for theme so poor,
A theme but rich in fear;
I stand a wreck on Errors shore,
A spectre not within the door,
A houseless shadow evermore,
An exile lingering here.
We who have lived and loved in comfort and
satisfaction, need a new evangel to teach us
that nobler virtues than we shall ere possess
are found to-day among the poor children of
want and temptation. Let those women who


202
gUvolutiott.
wrap their mantles of complacency about them,
and thank God that they are not such as these,
consider if they had been subject to lik* tempta-
tions might they not have suffered like infir-
mities. In death, poor Adah speaks sweet words
of love and purity that will help to ennoble the
life of many a girl that might have followed in
the paths she led. They who have seen life in
its worst phases, know its needs and tempta-
tions ; and none so mighty to save as they who
have tasted the bitterness of death. Says Victor
Hugo: As the debris of sewers have been found
to possess those chemical elements that can
alone restore the worn-out lands in the old
world, so from the very dregs of society, through
poverty and suffering, shall come forth the
grandest virtues of self-sacrifice and heroism
that can alone redeem the race. e. c. s.
A Dire Prediction.At the'recent conven-
tion in Massachusetts to nomintate the State
officers, Congressman Boutwell presided and in
bis opening address said among many other most
important things, the House of Representatives
of the state of Georgia has ejected from their
sests as members of the body all persons of
color, and this on account of their color, and for
no other reason whatever. The right to elect
to office, and the right to be elected to office,
are the essential co-exishog conditions of citi-
zenship, and when separated both are lost.
The denial of (he right of the negro to he elected to
office will he followed by the denial of his right to
vote. The loss of these will prepare a way for
the seizure of all his rights as a man and as a
citizen. The example of Georgia, imitated by
the other states of the South', will result in the
expulsion of the negro from that region, and
the distribution of this most unfortunate ruoe,
either as paupers or laborers,, over the old free
states of the North.
Frances Power Cobbe wants to vote. She has claimed
the right to have her name put on the Chelsea register,
on the ground that she occupies premises. Th Fe-
male Suffrage people insist that everybody, without dis-
tinction oi sex, who occupies premises, must go on the
register. The Revolution ought to secure this
Frances instead of George Francis as a correspondent.
Brooklyn Eagle.
Our hearts are large enough to take in both.
We should be very happy if Mrs. Frances Power
Cobbe would grace the pages of The Revolu-
tion weekly with emanations from her vigorous
pen, uithoui money and without price, as our good
friend, George Francis Train, has ever done.
A letter from our Agent, Mrs. M. H. Brink-
erhoff, now travelling m 111., brings good news
and many subscriptions. Mrs. Brinkerhoff says
the women are thinking more than they did be-
fore reading The Revolution.
We trust the friends of Womans Equal
Rights in Illinois will give her not only large
audiences but the material aid necessary to
enable her to go forward with her work. We
met Mrs. B. in Kansas and can assure all who
attend her meetings a rich treat. Patrons of
The Revolution help Mrs. B. to keep the
ball rolling.
Mockery.The Massachusetts republicans,
after leading and aiding the Federal government
to the fatal policy under which Georgia has ex-
pelled from her legislature its most loyal if not
able members, can now mock those members
with resolutions like the following, adopted in
State Convention of more than 1,400 delegates.
And this is the party to whom the Anti-Slave-
ry Standard and Wendell Phillips commit the
cause of the colored man! But read the insult-
ing resolutions :
Resolved, That tbe rights of the loyal citizens of the
South, won by war and secured by victories and legisla-
tion shall be maintained.
Resolved, That we heartily approve tbe system of re-
construction established by the law-making power of
the nation, as wise mid humane, and as demanding no
more than the security and good taitli of the country re-
quire.
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN FOR CON-
GRESS.
We sec posters throughout the city, and no-
tice in our exchanges, that Mr. George Francis
Train is to be run for Congress from the Fifth
Congressional District,which is now represented
by Mr. John Morrissey. A meeting is advertised
for Friday evening, October 2d instant, to en-
dorse and nominate him for Congress from that
district.
The following is from the New York Sun:
Train on the Track.The irrepressible Train is
again on the track, as will be seen by an advertisement
in another columnthis time for Congress, from the
Fifth District of this city. He expects to arrive here iu
about three weeks tiihe, and take the field in person
against all competitors.
THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE CANDIDATES.
THE CANVASS IN ENGLAND.
NO. ra.
Lord A-mbeuley is canvassing his district
South Devonwith great success. At Hols-
worthy, he addressed a meeting at which there
were 2,000 farmers gathered together from the
surrounding country to listen to his clear and
energetic speech, during the delivery of which,
questions of a slanderous nature were asked him
by opponents in the audience. He declined to
am wer them and threatened legal proceedings if
they were again repeated. Quite a row ensued,
but the meeting being composed mostly of the
friends of the Lord, a resolution was passed by
a large majority in favor of his returji.
The Northern Whig says Sir George Bowyer
has begun to canvass his boroughDundalk
where he was received quite coldly, and his
subsequent work has not been such as to raise
any hope of success. We trust the Whig
is wrong, for Sir George is one of Mr. Mills
strongest supporters on the woman question.
Guildford Onslow, who has represented
Guilford for ten years, is again ^before the peo-
ple of this borough. He addressed an en-
thuastic meeting a few weeks ago, at the close
of which, a vote of confidence in him was
passed.
A meeting has been held in Knares, to receive
the statements of Isaac Holden who represented
this borough in the last Parliament, for accept-
ing the nomination for the East Division of
West Riding. Having explained his motives in
so doing, resolutions were passed approving his
course, and thanking him for past services.
Let us hope he will be as successful with his
new constituents as with.his former, and be re-
turned to the new Parliament.
Sir Jervoise Clark Jervoise, we are sorry to
say, has vacated his seat for South Hants, and
the Hon. W. Cowper, who, we trust, will stand
as firmly for Woman Suffrage as his predecessor,
is the candidate for his seat.
Lord Elcho, who is running against the Wo-
man Suffrage candidateLqyd William Hay___
in Haddingtonshire, has written to Lord Hope-
touns agent, requesting him to use the Lords
influence in his favor. To which both Lord
Hopetoun and his agent respectfully declined.
Everything seems to indicate the return of
Lord Hay.
In West Cumberland Hon. P. Wyndham is
again before the people.
In Lambeth, on the occasion of Thomas
Hughess first speech in the present canvass, he
was received frith great enthusiasm.
Richard Young has concluded the canvass of
Cambridgeshire, have visited all the markets of
his district, speaking daily for two weeks where
he was favorably received. His great populari-
ty with the people, and the action of the Tory
party, who, doubtful of success, have called Sir
W. Bagg to speak in their interests, make Mr.
Youngs triumph almost certain.
M. Jean Dolphus, a large manufacturer in
France, finding upon investigation that the wo-
men employed in his factories lost 40 per cent,
of their children iu the first year, whereas the
average mortality at that age in France is only
18, determined with a princely philanthropy to
goto the root of the evil by paying every recent
mother six weeks wages without work. The
result has been the reduction of infant mortal-
ity in the district from 40 to 25 per cent, in
three years. Other manufacturers have intro-
duced a similar plan, by inducing the employees
to contribute to a fund. The subject is of im-
portance everywhere, and some provision of the
kind is demanded by humanity both for mothers
and children.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
St. Louis Sept. 19th, 1868.
Dear Revolution : From the other side of the
Miss ssippi we have been watching your course with
deepening interest ever since the November day when
we shook hands over the almost viotory of Kansas.
And now do you wish words of praise and encou-
ragement? or have you grown impervious to either
praise or blame ?
Tou certainly bear censure bravely. It-is said that
Talleyrand once fell asleep with a pamphlet in his hand
which some one, pioking up, found to he a violent satire
on the sleeper. Very good for Talleyrand, but you must
fall asleep each night over whole volumes of invective,
to say nothing of the pages upon pages ol friendly ad.
vice lrom those who favor the cause, or who differ
slightly, or who do not like Train oil. Without
doubt, you are the best abused woman in the coun-
try, and yet you seem to grow and thrive, and we are not
sure that you will not soon beoome absolutely popular;
and then, perhaps, after you have obtained your hundred
thousand subscribers, and have become rich and re-
spectable, you will grow conservative and dignified, and
will touch existiug evils lightly, and will deprecate the
extreme measures of fanatics, and eschew revolution-
ists, andbut let us not anticipate the direcatastropbe!
Here, in St. Louis; we are liking you better and better
not that we approve everything you say, remember
but you say so many good and true things that we can
afford to pass over a few paragraphs with a little frown.
Our cause is gaining throughout the Westwomen are
entering into politics. A few days since, a committee of
ladies sent a communication to the Times, a democratic
paper of this place, asking in what way they could aid
the party, aud wo learn that Tanneries, composed
entirely of ladies, are springing up in Illinois. Said a
prominent republican, who has been stumping the
state, a few days since, It is wonderful how the wo-
man question is growing, Why, I was scarcely seated
in the hotel at O. before I was waited upon by a deputa-
tion of ladies to know my opinion on the subject.
How long, think you, will woman be content merely to
wave handkerchiefs, throw bouquets, or be paraded in
processions to represent the thirty-six states or the
Goddess of Liberty ?
Appropos of this handkerchief.waving, we have just


pSfvulu
had a grand convocation of the Masonic Fraternity here.
Knights Templar gathered from every part ofthe conn-
try, with the usnal banquetting and parades. Very im -
posing these representatives of a. semi-barbaric age ap-
peared as they marched through the streets with nodding
plumes and gorgeous regalia, greeted all along the line
of march by ladies, who gave them the most flattering
proofs of regard, waving handkerchiefs, presenling
bouquets and clapping their hands with a pretty en-
thusiasm, quite inexplicable when we remember that
to this organization, more than, perhaps any other, wo-
man is indebted for the inferior position sbe occupies in
church and state. It was an influence which, doubtless,
operated etrongly when those laws were framed which
class women with minors, idiots, paupers and crim-
inals. Masonry will still have its eulogists, but woman
should never, by work or look, show her approval
of an order whose maxim and tradition hang as a mill-
stone about her neck.
We are glad to see, of late, some signs of life in the
Independent regarding the Woman Question. We had
waited long, and waited in vain, for a redemption of the.
promise made in the beginning of the year by that jour-
nal to advocate Woman Suffrage with as much zeal as
they had ever shown for negro suffrage. (I quote from
memory.) We were beginning to despair, and were
about to say, Good bye, Theodore, when luckily an
editorial appeared oh the subject, soon followed by a
second, causing us to hope that zeal for the welfare of one
half the human race had not entirely blinded them to the
claims of the other half. After all, perhaps, we expect
too much from those who have fought the battles of
freedom in the anti-slavery ranksit is not to be ex-
pected that one should suffer martyrdom twice, after a
triumphant apotheosis, after recovering Hie crown and
the palm it is not according to the fitness of things
again to take up the cross aud bow the back to the
smiters.
So we must look for our martyrs elsewhere; fresh
victims must be sought to ance and prejudice which stands in the path of every
genuine reform. We shall find them, for Truth will
never lack witnesses while the world stands. h.
We are always happy to hear from those
earnest workers we had the pleasure of meet-
ing at St. Louis, and we wish they would write
us exactly the points on which they differ from
us and point out wherein we are wrong. We
want our journal to be a talk among the women
all over the country. Do not forget, dear
friends, that now is the time tp be polling
up petitions to pour into Congress, demanding
that the word male be stricken out of the
District of Columbia Suffrage bill. It will be
the first bill in order when Congress assembles.
Binghampton, June 2d, 1868.
Miss Susan B. AnthonyMy Dear Friend : I address
you thus, for you are a friend to all womankind, unless
"I greatly mistake your character.
In February last I went to New York. Before starting
on the New York and Erie Hoad I purchased a ticket,
which I supposed would insure me against accidents as well
as against death. It never occurred to me that women
were not insured against accidents. I know all men
wererich or poor, idle or industrious.
I left that ticket with a friend, therefore had never
read the provisions printed on the ticket, which 1
beg you to read. On my return, I purchased another
ticket and read thatwas astonished to find that Fe-
males will be insured, under this ticket, against death
only. I know of several cases where young men have
received twenty dollars a week for slight accidents.
My dressmaker, a very worthy as well as capable wo-
man, a widow with a daughter and aged mother to sup-
port, whose time is mouey, and therefore bread and but-
ter to her, purchased a ticket* of this same r Railway
Passengers Assurance Co., of Hartford, Conn., think-
ing she was insured against accidents, just as men were.
After she had bought it, she read it, and was indignant,
for she felt that her tim.e was important to her as any
man's was to him.
It seems to me like a' swindle. I hope I have presented
the case clearly. Will you, or Mrs. Stanton draw the
attention of the readers of The Revolution to this
matter ? Do, Miss Anthony, express your opinion on
this .subject, and oblige a reader of The Revolu-
tion. Sabah E. Sayre.
With the above letter the writer sends the
ticket of the Railway Passengers Assurance
Oo. ofJJartford, Connecticut, J. G. Batterson,
President, H. T. Sperry, Secretary. After tell-
ing all that they will do for twenty-five cents,
and selling their tickets to men and women
alike, we find this exceptionFemales will be
insured under this ticket against death only.
A working woman would need the promised
$5,000 much more if injured and left unable
to work, than if dead, and in case of accident,
she would be much more likely, to he hurt than
killed, for women, like cats, are said to have three
lives. For the life of us, we cannot see why
a woman cannot be insured against accident as
well as a man.
Well, here is a new mystery on the Woman
Question. Will the President of the Hart-
ford Assurance Company tell us why a woman
cannot he insured against accident? Do the
men of Connecticut consider her too false and
frail to risk a journey to New York without
some injury? Why is not a damaged woman
as great a loss to herself, the family and state
as a damaged man ?
Why sell a woman a ticket if it does not in-
demnify her against accident? We agree with
the writer that this looks very much like a
swindle. We trust we shall hear from those
Connecticut gentlemen. In the meantime, let
all women read their tickets before they pay for
them.
UNIVERSAL FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION.
The annual meeting of this Association took place at
Union League Hall, Washington, Friday, Sept. 25tb,
Mrs. J. S. Griffing presiding.
Professor Willcox moved that a committee he ap-
pointed. Agreed to.
The Chair appointed Professor Willcox, J. Crossman,
Mrs. Stanton, and Mrs. State.
While the committee was absent, a letter was read
from Senator Pomeroy, stating that he was willing to act
as president of the society.
The letter concludes as follows :
I trust all the friends will unite in one association.
We have but one object in view, and should all labor to-
gether to accomplish this end, viz. : the enfranchise-
ment, of every American citizeD, with no partiality for
race or sex. The American citizen is the only safe de-
pository for the ballot, and the only safeguard for indivi-
dual and national liberty. Let us labor to realize, even
in our day aud time, this true type of republican gov-
ernment. The rights and safety of individuals and of
the nation demand it.
The annual report was then read, showing that great
interest in the cause of Womans Rights was manifested
both in Europe and America. The report states that the
condition of the finances had progressed under the un-
tiring efforts of Prof. Willcox and Mrs. Grifftng.
The committee here returned and reported the follow-
ing officers for the ensuing year :
PresidentUnited States Senator S. C. Pomeroy.
Vice-PresidentsMrs. Josephine S. Griffing, Mrs.
Belva McNall Lockwood, Miss Stickney, Thaddeus Hyatt,
Caroline B. Winslow, M.D., S. Yorke At Lee, Mrs. Jose-
phine L. Slade, Professor William J. Wilson, Mrs. Mary
Olio, Judge A. B. Olin, Mrs. C. M. E. Y. Christian, Pro.
fesssor George B. Vashon, J. H. rossman, Mrs. Ange-
line S. Hall, Dr. C. B. Purvis, Mrs. Dr. Hathaway,
Bishop Moore, Mrs. C. A. F. Stebbins, GlesB. Stebbins,
Miss Emily Stanton, Dr. John Mayhew, John R. Elvana,
J. C. 0. Whaley, Charles Roeser, George T. Downing.
Recording SecretaryGeo. F. Needham,
TreasurerDaniel Breed.
Board of ManagersJosephine S. Griffing, Professor
J. K. H. Willcox, Dr. Daniel Breed, Mrs. Comer, Geo.
F. Needham, Mrs. Lydia S. Hall, J. H. Crane.
Corresponding SecretaryMrs. M. T. Corner.
Mr. J. H. Crane said that Dr. Breed requested him to
withdraw his name as treasurer, he moved that Mr.
Hutchinson be substituted for treasurer, and that the
name of Dr. Breed be placed among the vice-presidents.
Agreed to.
The committee also reported the following, which was
adopted.
Resolved, That every days experience adds fresh
proof of the justice and wisdom of the universal suf-
frage movement.
Resolved, That successful reconstruction cannot take
203
place unless every acquit citizen is free to exercise politi-
cal power.
Resolved, That as friends of education we demand the
extension to all of the ballot, the mightiest educator
known.
Resolved, That we congratulate the friends of the
cause on the progress which it has made everywhere
during the year.
Resolved, That the revision of the government of this
District affords a great opportunity for Congress to try
the experiment of enfranchising the women.
Resolved, That we earnestly ask the active aid of all
friends of freedom, here and elsewhere,, and of all pro-
gressive journals, in the effort to bring this subject,
during the next four mouths, to the attention of Con-
gress and country ; aid by petitions, money, and influ-
ence.
Resolved, That we denounce the proposal to set up a
property qualification for voting as a base plot to continue
the oppression of those who, by past oppression, have
been hindered from acquiring property, and to rob of
political power those who need it most.
Resolved, Tbat the proposition, now pending in Con-
gress, to abolish elective office in this District, and thus
deprive the people of self-government, and perpetually
disfranchise both men and women, is fraudulent in form
and despotic in purpose.
Resolved, That the Board of Managers are hereby
instructed to memorialize Congress in favor of Uni-
versal Suffrage ii^the territories, and for a constitutional
amendment securing it throughout the land.
Resolved, That the example of the six thousand wo.
men of Manchester, and their sisters in other parts
of Great Britain, who have just demanded the privilege
of exercising their right of suffrago, is worthily followed
by the women of Mount Vernon, Now Yoik, and Sturgis
Michigan ; tbat we cordially commend these noble ex-
amples to all our countrywomen ; and tbat we extend to
the women aforesaid our hearty sympathy, and our
best wishes for the success of their efforts.
Resolved, That we take the occasion of the retirement
of onr friend, Dr. Daniel Breed, from the office of
treasurer, to express our sincere regret tbat he has
felt obliged to take this step, and tender him our cordia 1
thanks for his past services.
Resolved, That to our late Corresponding Secretary,
Mrs. Julia Archibald Holmes, and to our late agent and
manager, Mr. James H Holmes, the thanks of the asso
ciation are extended for the work which they have actu .
all y accomplished on its behalf.
Resolved, That we return our thanks to the daily
press of the district lor their reports of our proceedings
and that we look to see increased fullness and accuracy*
Resolved, That these resolutions be published in the
cily press, and in Tee Revolution and Standard.
Froiessor'Willcox then read an address to the women
of the district, which was referred to the Board of Mana-
gers.
Letters were reported from Frederick Douglass, George
William Curtis, and Mrs. E. Oakes Smith.
Addresses were delivered by J. H. Crossman, G,
F. Needham, Mrs. Lockwood, R. J. Hinton, and Mr,
Tibbits, ot Virginia. Dr. Breed recited an original
poem, entitled, Womans Pledge to Freedom.
Appropriate Toast.The best toast of the
season so far, is the following :
Uncle Sams Farm.The only farm where draining is
carried on all the year round.
Sir William Abdy, who died lately in London
of too much port and cognate luxuries, left five
millions of dollars in hard cash, besides a mag-
nificent private library. The stamp duty on the
will was sixty-seven thousand dollars.
Open wide the Gates.It is said that Mr. P.
W. Gates, of Chicago, has expended $9,000 in
ioundihg a Women's Home for respectable work-
ing women.
William Macsay, ol New York, has just sold to Mrs.
George Francis Train, ol New York, the lot of land on
Bellevue avenue, near the Bailey beach, Newport R. I.
about two acresfor $12,000, for immediate improve-
ment.
Rachel is in Newgate. So it is evident that she is
not on her way to New York,


204:
NATIONAL LABOR CONGRESS.
It is impossible to find room for more than
the discussions on the questions specially per-
taining to woman. The Chairman of the Com-
mittee on CredentialsWm. J. Jessup of this
cityat the close of his report, presented the
following names :
Female Labor Organizations.Mrs. Mary Kellogg
Putnam, Workingwomans Association No. 2, New York
City ; Miss Susan B. Anthony, Workingwoman's Asso-
ciafc on No. 1, New York City ; Mrs. Mary A. Macdonald,
Women's Protective Labor Union, Mount Vernon, New
York.
The President than made his opening address,
from which we extract as follows :
FEMALE Labor.
The question of Female labor is one of paramount im-
portance to file industrial classes, mid merits the atten-
tion of trade organizations, local and national. The ex-
tent to which female labor is introduced into many trades
makes it a serious question with workmen therein as to
what course shall be pursued in reference thereto, and
how they can protect tbemselves from its depressing in-
fluences ; for the effect of introducing female labor is to
undermine prices, that character oi labor .being usually
employed, unjustly to che w oman, at a lower rate than
is paid tor male labor on the same kind of workan in-
justice that I sincerely hope' to yet see removed, for there
is no good reason why a woman should not receive as
much pay as is given a man if she executes a qaaulity
and quality of work equal to that executed by him. It
would be well could government be induced to set the
example of equl compensation for male and female
labor. I believe that every effort should be made to en-
courage and assist in the formation of female societes and
then they should be brought into co-operatiou with the
men's societies. To bring up the lowest to the level of
the highest is the true principle of reform, and by raak-
ng that noble pnrpose the under]; ing principle of our ac-
tion, the happiest of results must ultimately ensue.
It would be a great reform to relieve the poorly paid
and overburdened workingwomen of the damaging
physical effects and demoralizing tendencies of the pre-
vailing system, and to contribute to that result would be
an action worthy of your best endeavors.
The Committee on Credentials reported the
following :
THE womans SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION.
Mr. Jessup also presented a communication as
follows:
Womans Suffrage Association of America, )
37 Park Bow, Room 20, >
New York, September 18.)
To the President and Members of the National
Labor Congress:
Elizabeth Cady Stanton is hereby appointed a dele-
gate to your Congress, to act in behalf of the working-
women of America. Susan B. Anthony,
Secretary Womans Suffrage Association of America.
Mr; Jessup stated that the Suffrage Association not
being a labor organization as stipulated in the by-laws,"
the Committee referred the subject to the Convention.
Various motions were made to admit Mrs. S:anton, to
refer the matter back to the Committee, and to lay the
matter on the table.
A. T. Cavis said that he was not in favor of the admis-
sion of Mrs. Stanton as a full Member, but moved that
she be admitted as a corresponding member.
The motion to refer the credentials back was renewed.
Wm. H. Sylvis, of Pennsylvania, thought it was un-
necessary to report the credentials hack. Either reoeive
the credentials or reject them. He was in lavr r of re-
ceiving Mrs. Stanton. (Applause.) She was one of the
boldest writers of the age. and had done more than any-
body he knew to elevate her class, and his class, too
(applause); and God knew they needed elevation. (Ap-
plause.)
Mr. Goodcnough, of .Hartford, objected that the society
represented by Mrs. Stantou was not a Labor Union. He
thought the Constitution forbade her admission.
Mr. Lucker, of New York, in a decidedly German ac-
cent, spoke warmly in favor of admitting Mrs. Stan.,
ton. We admitted all sorts of delegates at Chicago.
Mr. Jessup cabled attention to the fact that they were
not then acting under their present constitution. (Ap-
pl ause.)
Mr. Keating, of New York, wanted the leading women

to first train female labor to present a bold and organiz-
ed system of labor and to learn to fight capital. He
thought that the labor question should take precedence
of suffrage. They did not want to be bothered with the
question of suffrage. He thought it was anticipating a
movement that would require years for its completion.
They were not acting as a political body. They wanted
to raise their wives and daughters to the same state as
tbemselves. (Applause.)
Mr. Sylvis did not understand that they were endors-
ing female suffrage by admitting Mrs. Stauton. She and
her colleagues had bsgun to work at the bottom and
were gradually working up, and to the shame and dis-
grace of the working men, these women had been left
to work alone. He was in favor of admitting everybody
with credentials, and was willing to work with them.
He would admit the devil if he came properly accredit-
ed and could aid in their work. (Laughter.) tie want-
ed to consolidate all the elements and work out the
emancipation of all the laborers. *
Mr. Gordon, of the slate roofers, wanted to know
whether the lady could be admitted constitutionally.
If she could not, there was no use of this .discussion.
Miss Susan B. Anthony was by unanimous consent
permitted to address the Union, several gentlemen dele-
gates kindly yielding the floor for that purpose. Miss
Anthony said she could exolain it in five minutes. The
gentlemen, some of them, seemed to think that the
Womans Suffrage Association could not have for its ob-
ject the amelioration of the condition of laboring women
and men. She wanted to say to them that Mrs. Stanton
and herself and the few men and women who were in-
terested in that question, and had studied for twenty
years into the causes of the degradation oi woman, had
come to the conclusion that it was because women
could not vote ; it was because oi their disfranchisement;
what protection had the women if they should under-
take a strike now; they were powerless without the
ballot. It was the power of the ballot thatmade men sus-
cessful in their strikes. The ballot would alone enable
women to assert their equality, and relieve the trade or -
gamzation3 of the opposition of cheap female labor,
and bring it into organized co-operation with male
labor. She called their attention to the fact that
when the printers oi the World office struck the
women type-setters came forward and filled their
places. With a proper spirit of co-operation this would
not be. They could not deny the philosophical truth
that one class of labor could not be degraded without
degrading all others Women could not be injuied with-
out injuring men. The elevation of women would react
upon the other sex, and benefit them, too. She consid-
ered that the improvement of the condition of women
was only to be accomplished through the means of giv-
ing them the ballot. Hence the Womans Suffrage Asso-
ciation of America, more than any other, has for its ob-
ject the amelioration and elevation of the women who
work for a living. Gentlemen, vote aye, and thereby re-
cognize this great truth.
Mr. Phelps, of New Haven, was proud that one plank
in the Labor Congress held at Bo3ton was for the eleva-
tion of female labor and he was decidedly in favor of ac-
cepting the proffered aid from the female suff rage asso-
ciations.
After some confusion, and sundry efforts to obtain the
floor, Mr. Junio called the previous question, which was
ordered. The question then recurred on the propo-
sition to call the yeas and nays, which was declared lost,
but the Ohair reconsidered his decision, and the yeas
and nays were called on the question of admitting Mrs.
Stan ton as a delegate.
At this time there was considerable confusion owing
to the appearance of an intoxicated outsider among the
delegates. Several oftbe members finclly succeeded in
ousting him.
Mrs. Mary Macdonald, of Mount Veruoo, said that was
a specimen of the scenes they had at Mount Vernon be-
fore the women attended the town meetings.
The Chair stated that the Union was not responsible
for the conduct of the individual, as he was not a dele-
gate .
The Individual continued to make more noise outside,
but was finally disposed of by the aid of a policeman.
Several delegates explained their votes while the vote
was being taken on the question of admitting Mrs. Stan-
ton as a full delegate.
Mr. Lucker, of New York, voted Aye, of course.
Mr. Bator?, of Baltimore, said I believe that intel-
lect and moral worth shall vole and ignorance and vice
shall not vote. I am a woman suffrage mau. I vote
Aye. (Applause).
Mr. L. A. HineI was president of the second Wo-
mans Bights Convention held in Ackron, Ohio, and
gladly vote Aye, (Applause),
E. H. Heywood voted aye because he believed that the
ballot was the means of elevating female labor and wo-
manhood.
Mr. Goodenough was friendly to the claims of woman,
and bad the greatest respect for*the ladies and their
cause, but he considered that under their constitution
they could not admit the lady or go into the suffrage
question without going into politics. He voted No.
(Applause and hisses.)
Mr, Oavis said he could not vote to admit, the lady as
a delegate, although he was willing to admit her as a
corresponding member. But, as his motion had been
cut off by the previous question, he was obliged to vote
&0."(Applause and disapprobation.)
Mr. Young, of flew York, was proceeding to tell how
he sympathized with the womeD, but could not vote for
them.
Mr. S. J. Wallace thought that the best argument for
Woman's buffrage was made by Mr. Young, who was
right in his argument, but wrong in his vote. (Laugh-
ter.)
Various objections were made to the continuance
of the discussion.
Mr. Wallace voted Aye.
Mr. Sylvis was not goiog to explain his vote very
much. If the women of America had not felt the hard
hand of capital, he wondered who had. (Applause.)
DelegatesWe object, vote, no speeches.
Mr. Sylvis said he voted yes, because he believed it
was right. (Applause.)
Mr. Burke, of New York, voted no, because he was
sent to a labor congress. He was instructed that Che
moment they launched into politics his position as
a delegate ceased.
Mr. Shuck wanted to change his vote. He changed
from aye to no. (Laughter.)
The Secretary reported forty-four votes in the affirma-
tive, and nineteen in the negative; so Mrs. Stanton was
declared a member.
The next day, eighteen gentlemen threatened
to resign if Mrs. Stanton were a recognized
delegate, whereupon the following resolution
was offered as a pacificator:
Resolved, That by the admission of Mrs. Stanton as a
delegate to this body, the National Labor Congress does
not regard itself as indorsing her peculiar ideas, or com-
mittiog itself to the question of Female Suffrage, but
simply regard her as a representative from an organiza-
tion having lor its object the amelioration of the con-
dition of those who labor for a living.
Worthy of Talleyrand.
FEMALE LABOR.
The Committee on Female Labor reported as follows :
Your Committee on Female Labor would respectfully
report the following resolutions :
Resolved, That the low wages, long hours and damag -
ing service to which workingwomen are doomed, destroy
health, imperil virtue, and are a standing reproach
to civilizationthat we urge them to learn trades, engage
in business, join our labor unions, or form protective
unions of their own, secure the ballot, and use every
other honorable means to persuade or force employ-
ers to do justice to women by paying them equal wages
tor equal work.
Resolved, That we pledge the aid of the unions repre -
sented in this Congress to all workingwomens protective
associations, which are now or may be hereafter formed,
in all their just and lawful demands.
Resolved, That each delegate to this Congress he
a speoial committee to facilitate the organization of
Womens Labor Associations in their respective local-
ities.
Resolved, That this Congress demand the application
of the Eight-hour law to womans labor in the various
trades and avocations to which they are or may be
employed.
Resolved, That we urge Congress and all the State
Legislatures to pass laws securing equal salaries for
equal work to all womeu employed under tbe various
departments of government.
Susan B. Anthony,
Edward P. Gordon,
J. W. L. Barnes,
Wm. S. Jessup,
Mary K. Putnam.
Several delegates immediately rose to move the adop-
tion of the foregoing report.
Mr. BourkeThere is a kind of wedge in the clause
relative to Female Suffrage which I do not wish to see
introduced here. Mrs. Stanton, it is true, was admitted
here as a delegate yesterday, but this morning, by reso-
ution, you declined to indorse her peculiar dogmas.


205

Yet here we have this committee recommending women
to secure the ballot.
Mr. GordonI dont think the delegate understands
the resolution. We say, to the workingwomen of the
United States, form yourselves, into labor organiza-
tionsget just compensation for your work, and if you
tbink that the ballot is necessary for you to obtain
justice, try to get it. Nor is this Congress pledged
to aid them in any way. This is how we framed the
report, and C dont tbink it conflicts with the resolutions
passed this morning in any way. I would like gentle-
men to point out how it conflicts with them.
Mr KeatingIn my opinion, it is an excellent report;
very well conceived and very well expressed. But in
matters of this kind every word in a resolution stands
for an idea: and though an indorsement of Female
Suffrage is not expressly given, it is implicitly implied.
You know that women have very fertile imaginations,
and are very quick at handling matters of this kind.
They will say that this Congress approves of the ballot.
I move that the words secure the bal.ot be stricken
out.
DelegateLet women avail themselves of whatever
means they find for improving their condition.
Another DelegateWe dont say that we will go to es-
tablish a woman's party ; but we sav that women them-
selves shall have the right to do so, and we will sustain
them in that right. Have you not admitted these ladies
as delegates to this hall? Have you not sbowuasym
pathy with female workers ? What is there in the word
suffrage that we should be afraid of, if we call our-
selves men ? Should that word frighten us ? It is a bug-
gabooa ipythI hope the words will not be stricken
out.
Mrs. MacdonaldI have had a common school educa-
tion, and I know the meaning of words as well as you,
gentlemen; but I never knew before that the word
suffrage meant politics.
Miss Susan B. AnthonyMay I, as Chairman of that
Committee, be allowed to say a few words? You object
to this passage about the ballot, as thrusting in a word
which represents a hobby. Well, I have been a woman
suffrage hobbyist all my lifeand I glory in it. We
want nothing in this but what strictly pertains to the ele.
vation of womans work. Now the only question is whe-
ther the ballot is a means to elevate womans labor. The
men who move for striking out this passage must prove
that it is not a power m their own hands. Well, then, if
you will he willing to give up the ballot, and ran your luck
to get equal justice without it, I am willing to give up
my point for woman. But I want to ask you whether if
there were a class of working men in this country, who
were deprived of the ballot, and, as a consequence,
their labor was degraded, as it surely would beI ask you
if you wo aid not feel that the ballot were the first thing to
get for those men in order to get them the same chances
and the same treatment that you get yourselves ? Wby>
all mens eyes would be opened in that case! And yet
here is a precisely parallel case; and the only reason you
cant see it is because it is women who asks.
Mr. GordonI must take the liberty of interrupting
the lady. The queslion is not about giving the women
the ballot, but about certain expressions in the report.
Miss Susan B. AnthonyI know, but my ten minutes
are already run out, and 1 must stop.
A DelegateI move that the rule be suspended, and
the lady allowed to proceed. Carried, with applause.
Mr. BourkeI am very sorry to interrupt; but the re-
marks of the lady exactly confirm what I have said.
The only reason why tbis expression is put into the re-
port, is that it may be used to prove that female suffrage
has been indorsed by this Union. t
Miss AnthonyI am ready to prove what the balio
will do for women by showing vhat it has done for men
What makes the working men of America so indepen.
dent and respected but because they hold in their hands
the ballot ? But women are powerless; and I say they
drag mens labor down as- well, simply because they are
without the ballot.
Mr. Fincher was opposed to the expression remaining
in the report. This ism of Womans Suffrage will
never be indorsed by the trades unions.
Mr. HewittI know when I was sent here it was not to
indorse the Womans Suffrage question. How can I go
back to my society and tell them I voted for Womans
Suffrage. None of the delegates can go back and be sus-
tained in such action.
. After some further remarks, the resolution to strike
out the words relative to the ballot for women was car-
ried by a small majority. The report was then adopted as
amended.
A daughter of the novelist James has made an unsuc-
cessful appearance on the Australian stage.
- WHAT WOMEN ARE DOING.
Iowa has three lady editors, named respectively Money,
Reed and Hartshornwealthy, literary, pungent.
29 Greenwich St.Watchmaker.A Lady wishes
employment who understands the above business ; can
repair jewelry if required. Call or address.
Mrs. William Vincent Wallace, widow of the late
composer and ^author, will give music lessons in this
city next winter.
At Vienna, for some time past, an orchestra, exclu-
sively composed of female executants, has been giving
concerts.
Ristori writes to a paper in Turin that the United
States, but for the climate, woud be the finest coun-
try in the world, and that civilization is quite advanced
here.
In a young ladies school near Frome, England, the
pupils are allowed to play at cricket. They have a spe-
cial dress for the purpose, and the best cricketers are
said to be almost invariably the best scholars.
A young girl, one of the Arab children under the pro-
tection of the Archbishop of Algiers, states that she
is the only child left of five in b er family, the other four
having been successively killed and eaten by their
parents. On search being made, the bones were dis-
covered in the cabin.
The widow of a deceased soldier, wbo piys a tax
in Lewiston, Me., has applied to the Aldermen to have
her name added to the voting list. She argued that tax-
ation entitled her to representation.
Let tax-paying women everywhere go and do
likewise.
Bridget Mary OToole, the servant-girl who swam
out and saved two ladies from drowning at Nahant
a few days ago, is to receive a medal from the Humane
Society.
How unlady-like for Bridget to do such manly
service! Does not the 4 4 Humane Society think
Bridget was 44out of her sphere? If these
ladies belong to the 44weak-minded, they
should have preferred drowning to being-saved
by a woman.
The Herald of this morning contains nearly 1,500
advertisements ; 410 females want situations ; 171 peo-
ple advertise for boarders and lodgers.
Probably the entire 171 advertising for board-
ers are women, toohence more than one-third
of that vast number of advertisers were women,
seeking work. And this, too, in a society based
on the idea that every woman has some man to
support an l protect her. Where are the 585
men, whose duty it is to look after these women,
so sadly out of their sphere ?
Dedication of an Episcopalian Fe male Sohool at
Augusta, Me.Augusta, Me., Friday, Sept. 18.The
Episcopalians of tbis State established, and to-day dedi-
cated in this city, a cburcb school exclusively for fe-
males. Addresses were delivered by Bishop Neally, of
Maine ; Bishop Armitage, of Wisconsin ; Rev. Dr. War-
ton, of Trinity Chnroh, New York, and others. The
school is called St. Catharines Hall.
Do they intend to prepare women for the min-
istry, and, like the apostles of old, recognize
them as teachers of the gospel of Jesus ?
One hundred and fifty .girls came over on the Southern
Minnesota railroad on the 14th for the hop fields of the
La Crosse Valley. Tbis season tho crop is so abundant
that it is impossible to find pickers in the immediate vi-
oinity. Last Friday two thousand girls came from Chi-
cago for the hop-fields of Wisconsin, and were distribu-
ted along the line of the La Crosso and Milwaukee rail-
road. This week ten thousand more will come from the
same city to aid in gathering tbis important crop. The
demand lor this kind of labor is urgent; the crop must
be secured in a short space of time, and is done at such
a season of the year that men cannot be obtained to do
the requisite work; and the hop raisers have to throw
such inducements in the way of extra bounties and
wages as to draw from the country and city the requisit e
number of girls and young ladies to do their work.
Worthy of Imitation.The Milwaukee Wisconsin
says : A young lady in the East, dependent upon her
own resources, was adopted into the iamily of a gentle-
man in this city. This gentleman was transacting a
business of millions of dollars annually, and employed
numerous clerks and accountants. The young lady wa s
taken into the counting-room, and soon rose to the
position of chief book-keeper and banker*of the bouse.
She filled the position and performed the duties with
singular fidelity and satisfaction for many years.' All
the large transactions of the house passed through ber
hands ; the daily transactions alone often amounting
from $20,000 to $50,(.00. We had the satisfaction of
examining the set of books, and can'truly say, that
no accountant in Milwaukee can show a better record o i
neatness and accuracy. Several bankers have also ex-
amined tbe work of this young lady and pronounce
it well nigb faultless. The youug lady has balanced her
books, closed her account, and left her position to take
charge of the personal aud-household affairs of a young
business man in a neighboring city.
We call attention to the Advertisement in another
column of Pie.ce & Cos Patent Soissors Sharpener.
We beg leave to say we know the gentlemen of tho firm
as upright and trustworthy men, and we have tried 'the
Sharpener and it is all they profess it to be.

Financial and Commercial.America vet'sus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Prc duels and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
lantic and Pacific Oceans far AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Vapital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the Sovlh and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigner's at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSIAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
YOL. II.NO. 13.
PLATFORM OF THE NATIONAL LABOR
UNION CONGRESS.
The Committee on Platform presented the
following report, which was read by the Chair-
man of ilie Committee, Mr. Cameron of Chica-
go :
TVe bold these truths to be self-evident, that
all men are created equal, that they are endow-
ed by their Creator with certain inalienable
rights ; that among them are life, liberty, and
the pursuit of happiness ; that to secure these
rights governments are instituted among men,
deriving their just powers from the consent of
the govemod.
That there are but two pure forms of govern-
ment, the autocratic and the democratic ; under
the former the will of the individual sovereign is
the supreme law, under the latter the sovereign-
ty is vested in the whole people, all other forms
being a modification of the one or the other of
these principles, and that ultimately one or the
other of these forms must prevail throughout all
civilized nations, and it is now for the Ameri-


208
820 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Although, this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probable that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera-
tions ; also 12,800 aores of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road ; also United
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sur-
mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expeoted
that not only the interest, but the principal amountmay
be paid in services rendered by the Company in trans
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNJNGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 30, 1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
but they certainly prove that
FIRS1 MORTGAGE BONDS
upon such a property, costiDg nearly three times their
amount,
ABE ENTIRELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Companys Office in the city of New York, at
the rate of six per cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and'at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value of these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a long bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve the right to advance the price at any time. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall steeet,
Ahd by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in draits or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free Of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
ocal agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
isbed by the Company, giving fuller information than
possible in an advertisement, respecting the Progress of
he Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
Sept, 14, 1868. New York.

u WESTWARD THE STAR OF EMPIRE
TAKES ITS WAY!
SECURE A HOME IN THE GOLDEN
STATE!
the IMIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION OF
CALIFORNIA,
Incorporated under the laws of the State, November
30th, 1867, for the purpose of providing
HOMES FOR ITS MEMBERS,
and promoting imigratdon.
Capital Stock.......................$1,000,000
Divided in 200,000 shares at $5 each, payable in
U. S. CURRENCY.
Certificates of stock issued to subscribers immediately
upon receipt ol the money.
NO PERSON ALLOWED TO HOLD MORE THAN FIVE SHARES.
Circular containing a full description of the property
to be distributed among the shareholders will be sent to
any address, upon receipt of stamps to cover return
postage.
Information as to price of land in any portion of the
State, or upon any other subject of interest to parties
proposing to imigrate cheeriully furnished upon receipt
of stamps for postage.
All letters should be addressed
SECRETARY IMIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION,
> Post Office Box No. 86,
San Francisco, California.
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW TORE.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in MonnmiUi County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARE, 1 Park Place, New
York.
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
worid. The fuel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
F. GREENMAN k CO.,
38 PINE STREET, NEW TORE,
AGENCY FOR THE SALE OF
CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURAL VINEYARD
AND OTHER LANDS,
ALSO, SAN FRANCISCO CITY PROPERTY.
Sole Managers of that invaluable Book.
THE NATURAL WEALTH OF CALIFORNIA.
Canvassing Agents Wanted.
J^R. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, h. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N, Y, Send stamp for Circulars.
r£IO INVESTORS.
SEVEN PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD.
PMNC1FAL ALSO PAYABLE IN GOLD.
The First Mortgage Bonds of the Rockford, Rock
Island and St. Louis Railroad Company, as an Invest-
ment Security, combining perfect safety, cheapness,
and profit, are unequalled by anything offered in the
market.
They pay seven per cent, interestFebruary 1 and
August 1m gold coin, free of government tax. The
principal is also payable in gold.
The bonds have fifty years to run, and are convertible
into stock at the option of the holder. A sinking-fund
is provided suffioieut to pay off the whole mortgage at
maturity.
Each bond is for $1,000, or £200 sterling. Interest is
payable in New York or London, at the option of the
holder.
These bonds are fully secured, being a first lien of
$5,000,000 upon 200 miles of railway, costing $10,000,-
000, and traversing the finest district of Illinois ; also
upon 20,000 acres of land, estimated to contain 100,000,-
000 tons of coal. These lands, on the completion of the
railroad through them, will be worth more than the
whole amount of the mortgage.
For all the Coal this Company can produce there is a
ready market; 1,000.miles of railway and the popula-
tion of 30,000 square miles of territory can be supplied
with fuel from ils mines more readily and cheaply than
from any other quarter.
One-half of the means required for the construction
and equipment of the railroad, and for the purchase of
ooal lands, is derived from the sale of capital stock, to
which large subscriptions are made along the line of
road and elsewhere.
The work of construction is proceeding with great
rapidity, end the first division of filty miles, giving an
outlet to the coal, will be in full operation by 1st Jan-
uary next.
The estimated earniDgs of this line of railway, with
its coal business, are three-fold what will be required to
pay interest on its bonds.
The trustee for the bondholders is the Union Trust
Company of New York.
At 95, the present price, and with gold at 40 pre-
mium, the -bonds pay an income of over 10 per cent,
per annum.
For sale at the office of the Company, 12 Wall street.
Governments and other securities received in ex*
change.
H. H. BOODY Treasurer.
JpARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
H
ENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
JpRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY description..
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
13-1 y New York,
THE NEW METHOD OF TEACHING
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 30th
may be hed by addressing the authoress,
[MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey.