Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, JVOF JU FO-RS.JfEJY, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. n.NO. 14.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1868. WHOLE NO. 40.
C(ir liriiiiliitiim.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
' ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.)
PAliKER PILLSBURY, } ]ltors*
SUSAN B, ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
POST-OFFICE MONEY ORDERS
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly-safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have teen sent to us with-
out any loss.
TT-RftTSTKTEKrn LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
whore P. O. Money Orders cannot he easily obtained.
Observe, the Registi'y fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sen,t to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ike postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS!
To any person sending us the names of one hundred
new subscribers and two hundred dollars, we will give
a warranted
HUNTING CASE GOLD WATCH,
(from the well-known firm of BENEDICT BROS.)
which cost seventy-five dollars.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, We Will
give one copy of
REBECCA ; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
" Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Woman's Enfranchisement.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, W Will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. ELIZABETH CADY STAN-
TON, ANNA E. DICKINSON, or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS We
will give one copy of
KELLOGGS "NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,
showing the security of "Paper Currrency. Price
$1.25.
The Sorosis.Just as we go to press the
first No. of the Sorosis reaches our table : de-
voted to the interests of woman. It is to he
published weekly in Chicago at three dollars a
year. Mrs. Mary L. Walker and Co., editors
and proprietors.
BARIEL O'CONNELL AND LUCRET1A
M01T.
We noticed in the National L abor Congress
that some of the speeches and votes against the
admission of women as delegates were in the
Irish brogue. For the instruction of these
recreant sons of the emerald Isle, we publish a
letter on the subject of Womans Rights from
Daniel OConnell, that noble man whobas never
yet had full justice done his clear head and gen-
erous heart.
\
In 1840, a Worlds Anti-Slavery Convention
was called in London, to which several societies
in this country sent women delegates; but, after
going three thousand miles, their credentials
were refused on the ground of sex. As Mr.
OConnell spoke in the Convention several
times, and advocated the admission of woman,
Mrs. Mott asked for his written opinion, and we
give below her letter and his answer. If he
were so liberal thirty years ago, how comes it
that young Irishmen are so narrow to-day?
Sir George Bouyer, an Irishman and a Catholic,
a member of the British Parliament, gave his
vote in favor of John Stuart Mills Household
Suffrage bill, and yet Irishmen bom in this free
land, would deny educated women a seat in a
National Labor Convention. Shame oh such
men, who with one hand are struggling to grasp
all the liberties of citizens for themselves, while
with the other they thrust hack their own
mothers, wives, sisters and daughters, from the
only position in which they can secure work and
wages, bread and virtue ; and shame on the leg-
islators in this republic, who, by their infamous
laws and constitutions, place their peers beneath
the heel of ignorant Irishmen, Indians, Chinese
and plantation slaves. We trust after reading
Daniel OConnells letter, his countrymen will
wisely consider womans true position; the great-
est problem given this generation for their
solution. e. c. s.
DANIEL OCONNELL ON WOMAN SUFFRAGE.
To Daniel OConnell. M.P.
The rejected delegates from America to the
General Anti-Slavery Conference, are desir-
ous to have the opinion of one of the most dis-
tinguished advocates of universal liberty, as to
the reasons urged by the majority for their re-
jection, viz : that the admission of women, be-
ing contrary to Eughsn usage, would subject
them to ridicule, and that such recognition of
their acknowledged principles would prejudice
the cause of human freedom.
Permit me, then, on behalf of the delegation,
to ask of Daniel O'Connell the favor of his
sentiment, as incidentally expressed in the
meeting on the morning of the 13ch inst., and
oblige his sincere friend,
Lucretia Mott.
London, Sixth mo. 17,1840.
16 Pall Mall, 20th June, 1840.
Madam: Taking the liberty of protesting
against being supposed to adopt any of tbe
complimentary phrases in your letter, as being
applicable to me, I readily comply with your re-
quest to give my opinion as to the propriety of
the admission of the female delegates into the
Convention.
I should premise by avowing, that my first
impression was strong against that admission ;
and I believe I declared that opinion in private
conversation. But when I was called on, by
you, to give my personal decision on the sub-
ject, I felt it my duty to investigate the grbunds
of the opinion I formed ; and upon that investi-
gation, I easily discovered that it was founded
on no better grounds than an apprehension of
the ridicule it might excite, if the Convention
were to do what is so unusual in Englandto
admit women to an equal share and right of dis-
cussion. I also, without difficulty, recognized
that this was an unworthy, and indeed a
cowardly motive, and I,easily overcame its
influence.
My mature consideration of the entire sub-
ject convinces me of the right of the female
delegates to take their seats in the Convention,
and of the injustice of excluding them. I do not
care to add, that I deem it also impolitic; be-
cause that exclusion being,unjust, it ought hot
to have taken place, even if it could also be
politic.
My reasons are- MrsiThat it has been the
practice in America ior females to act as dele-
gates and office-bearers, as well as in the com-
mon capacity of members of anti-slavery socie-
ties, the persons who called this Convention
ought to have warned the American Anti-Slave-
ry Societies to confine their choice to males ;
and, for want of this caution, many female dele-
gates have made long journeys by land, and
crossed the ocean, to enjoy a right which they
had no reason to fear would be withheld from
them at the end of their tedious voyage.
SecondlyThe cause which is so intimately
interwoven with every good feeling of humani-
ty, and with the highest and most sacred princi-
ples of Christianitythe anti-slavery cause in
Americais under the greatest, the deepest, the
most heart-binding obligations to the females
who have joined the anti-slavery societies in the
United States. They have shown a passive, but
permanent courage, which ought to put many
of the male advocates to the blush. Tbe
American ladies have persevered in our holy
cause, amidst difficulties and dangers, with the
zeal of confessors, and the firmness of martyrs ;
and, therefore, emphatically, they should not
be disparaged or discouraged by any slight or
contumely offered to their rights. Neither are
this slight and contumely much diminished by
the fact, that it was net intended to offer any
slight or to convey any contumely. Both re-
sults inevitably follow from the fact of rejection.
This ought not to be.
ThirdlyEven inEngland, with all our fastid-
iousness, women vote upon the great regulation
of the Bank of England ; in the nomination of
its directors and governors, and in all other de-


210

£
fails equally with men; that is, the/ assist in
the most awfally important business, the regu-
lation of the currency of this mighty empire,
influencing the fortunes of all commercial na-
tions.
FourthlyOur women, in like manner, vote
at the India Housethat is, in the regulation of
the government of more than one hundred mil-
lions of human beings.
FifthlyMind has no sex ; and in the peacea-
ble struggle to abolish slavery, all over the
world, it is the basis of the present Convention,
to seek success by peaceable, moral and intel-
lectual means alone, to the utter exclusion of
physical force or armed violence. We are en-
gaged in a strife, not of strength, but of argu-
ment. Our warfare is not militaryit is strict-
ly Christian. We wield not the weapons of de-
struction or injury to our adversaries. Wo rely
entirely on reason and persuasion common to
both sexes, and on the emotions of benevo-
lence and charity, which are more lovely and
permanent amongst women than amongst men.
In the church to which I belong, the female
sex are devoted by as strict rules, and with as
much if not more unceasing austerity, to the
performance (and that to the exclusion of all
worldly or temporal joys and pleasures') of all
works of humanity, of education, of benevolence,
and of charity, in all its holy and sacred
branches, as the men.
The great work in which we are now engaged,
embraces all these charitable categories; and
the women have the same duties, and should
therefore enjoy the same rights with the men,
in the performance of their duties.
I have a consciousness that I have not done
my duty in not sooner urging these considera-
tions on the Convention. My excuse is, that I
was unavoidably absent during the discussion
on the subject.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
Madam,
Your obedient servant,
Daniel OConnell.
Mi's. Lucretia Mott.
ANNA FL1ZABMH DICKINSON.
BY MRS. ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.
From Eminent Women of the Age.
In listening to the many interesting incidents
of this young girls life, not all entrusted to-me
for publication, my feelings have vacillated be-
tween pity and admiration,pity, for all the
trials of her childhood and youth, in loneliness,
poverty, and disappointment; and admiration
for the indomitable will, courage, and rare
genius, by which she has carved her way, with
her own right hand, to fame and independence.
While so many truly great women, of other
times and countries, have marred their fair
names, and thrown suspicion on their sex by
their vices and follies, this noble girl, through
all temptations and discouragements, has main-
tained a purity, dignity, and moral probity of
character, that reflect honor on herself, and
glory on her whole sex.
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson was born in Phila-
delphia the 28th of October, 1842. Her father,
John Dickinson, was a merchant of sound intel-
lect, and moral principle, a clear, concise rea-
soner, an earnest abolitionist, and took an active
part' in the anti-slavery discussions of that
time. He was a benevolent, trusting man, and
through the noblest traits of his character be-
came involved in his business relations, and was
reduced to poverty. His misfortunes preyed up-
on his mind mid health ; and he died soon alter
with a disease of the heart, leaving a wife and
five children, Anna, the youngest but two years
old. The last night of his life was passed in an
anti-slavery meeting, where he spoke earnestly;
and on his way home, not feeling well, he
stopped at a druggists to get some medicine*
and died there without a struggle.
Her mother, Mary Edmundson, was bom in
Delaware, of an aristocratic family. She is a
woman of refinement and cultivation, and was
carefully reared in conditions of ease and
luxury.
Both were descendants of early the Quakers
settlers, and rigid adherents to the orthodox
Friends. Their courtship lasted thirteen years,
showing the persistency and fidelity of the
father on one side, and the calm deliberation of
the mother on the other. As a baby, Anna was
cross, sleepless, restless, and crying continually
with a loud voice, thus preparing her lungs for
future action. She was a wayward, wilful, in-
tensely earnest, imaginative child, causing her-
self and her elders much trouble and unhappi-
ness. They, seeing her impatience of control,
endeavored to break her will,a saying that
has worked as much cruelty in the world as the
proverb of Solomon, Spare the rod and spoil
the child, Fortunately they did not succeed,
aud through the triumph of that indomitable
will, we boast to-day that the most popular :
American orator is a woman. She was consi-
dered an incorrigible child at school as well as
at home. Though she always knew her les-
sons, the absurd aud arbitrary discipline so
chafed her free spirit that she was generally in
a state of rebellion.
With courageous defiance she would submit
to punishment rather than rules she thought
foolish and unnecessary. She had an intuitive
knowledge of character, and early saw the
hypocrisy, deceit and sham of the world,the
hollowness of its ceremonies, forms, and opin-
ions ; and with wonderful powers of sarcasm
she could lay bare the faults and follies of those
about her. Hence she was a terror to timid,
designing teachers and scholars ; and good chil-
dren were warned against her influence. Yet,
as she was ever the champion of those who
suffered wrong and injustice, she had warm
friends and admirers among her schoolmates.
She says she always felt herself an Ishmaelite
among children, fighting not only her own
battles, hut for those too timid and shrinking
to fight for themselves. Her school-days were
days of darkness and trial. Owing to her
mothers limited means, she was educated in
the free schools of the Society of Friends.
Meeting there the children of wealthy Quakers,
they would laugh at her poverty, and thought-
lessly ask her why she wore such common
clothes. She would promptly reply, My
mother is poor, and we work for all we have.
Although she accepted her condition with
bravery, she determined to better it as fast
as she coaid ; yet such taunts were alike galling
to her and cruel in those who uttered them.
Nevertheless, they were not without their powei
in developing the future woman; so tar from
depressing her youthful energies, they stung
her into a nobler life. In her hours of solitude
she would resolve to lift herself above their
shafts, to make a home for her mother, and
surround her with every comfort. Thus great
souls feed and grow on what humbles smaller
ones to dust.
Her love for her mother was the strongest feel-
ing in her nature, audit was to relieve her from
constant toil that she early desired some profit-
able employment that she might earn money
for her own support. It was the sorrow of her
childhood to see her mother pale, and worn,
struggling with her multiplied cares,for, in
addition to ber own family, she kept boarders
and taught a private school. Thus, with cease-
less love and care and industry, that noble wo-
man led and clothed and educated her father-
less children, and to-day has the satisfaction of
seeing them all noble men and women; and
mid peace and plenty she remembers the long,
days of darkness, poverty, and self-denial no'
more. For the encouragement of those parents-
who have wayward, wilful children, I would
mention the fact that Anna, who was a greater
trial to her mother than all her other children
and cares put together, is now her pride, her
comfort, and her support.
When about twelve years old she entered
Weston Boarding-School of Friends, in.
Chester County, and remained there two years ;
from this she went to Friends Select School
in Philadelphia, where she applied herself so
diligently to her studies, that, although she
pursued over a dozen branches at one time, she
seldom failed in a recitation.
During all her school- days, she read with the
greatest avidity every book that she could ob-
tain. Newspapers, speeches, tracts, historyT
biography, poetry, novels, and tairy tales were
all alike read and relished. For weeks and
months together her average hours for sleep
were not five in the twenty-four. She would
often read until one oclock in the morning,
and then seize her school-books and learn her
lessons for the next day. She did not study her
lessons, for, with her retentive memory, what
she read once was hers forever. The rhymes
and compositions she wrote in her young days
bear evident marks of genius. When fourteen
years old she published an article headed
Slavery id the Liberator. She early deter-
mined that she would be a public speaker. One
of her greatest pleasures was to get a troop of
children about her and tell them stories ; if she
could fix their attention and alternately con-
vulse them with laughter, and melt them into
tears, she was perfectly happy, She loved to
wander all over the city alone, to think her own
thoughts, and see what was going on in the
outer world. One of her favorite rendezvous
was the Anti-Slavery Office in Fifth street;
where she would stay for hours to hear people
talk about the horrors of slavery, or to read
papers, tracts, and books on that subject. At
seventeen she left schooh
She was skilful in all kinds of housework, and
orderly in her arrangements. She was willing
to do any kind of work to make an honest liv-
ing. No service, however hard, or humble,
seemed menial to her. Being a born queen,
she felt she dignified whatever she touched;
even the broom became a sceptre of royalty in
her hand.
When about thirteen years old she visited a
lawyers office one day, on her way from school,
and asked for some copying. He, pleased with
the appearance of the bright child, asked her if
she intended to do it herself ; she said, Yes.
He gave her some, which she did so well that
he interested himself at once in her behalf, and
secured her work from other offices as well as
his own. How she could get money to buy
books was the one thought, next to helping her
I mother, that occupied her mind. To this end


211
glevfllntitftt.
she would do anything,run errands, carry bun-
dles, sweep walks,and as soon as she had ob-
tained the desired sum, she would buy a book,
read it with the greatest avidity, then take it to a
second-hand book-store and sell it for a fraction
of its cost and get another. When seven years
old she would take Byrons works, secrete her-
self under the bed that she* might not be dis-
turbed, and read for hours. There was some-
thing in the style, spirit, and rhythm, that she
enjoyed, even before the thought was fully un-
derstood. She had a passion for oratory, and
when Curtis, Phillips, or Beecher lectured in
Philadelphia, she would perform any service to
get money enough to go. On one occasion she
scrubbed a sidewalk for Wenty-five cents, to
bear Wendell Phillips lecture on The Lost
Arts. There are many very interesting anec-
dotes of her life during this period, illustrating
her fortitude under most trying circumstances
and her strong faith in a promising future.
Through her magnetism and self-confidence
she went forth and did many things unchal-
lenged, that others of her sex and age would
not have had the courage or presumption to at-
tempt. There was something so irresistible in
her face and manner that entire strangers would
yield her privileges, which others would not
dare to ask. In her fourteenth year while with
relatives in the country, during the holidays,
she attended a Methodist protracted meeting,
and was deeply moved on the subject of religion,
was converted and joined the church. Her
mind, however, Was much disturbed on theo-
logical questions for several years, but after
great distress and uncertainty, with the oppos-
ing doctrines and opinions she heard on all
sides, she found res$ at last in the liberal views
of those who taught that religion was li'e,faith
in the goodness, and wisdom of Gods laws,
and love to man. She disliked the silent
Quaker meetings, and made every excuse to
avoid them. Her repudiation of that faith was
a source of unhappiness both to her family and
herself. About this time she spent a fewmonths
as a pupil and assistant teacher in a school at New
Brighton, Beaver County; but as her situation
there was not pleasant, she applied for a dis-
trict school that was vacant in that town.
About to make the final arrangement with the
committee, she asked what salary they gave.
One gentleman remarked, A man has taught
this school heretofore; and we gave him twenty-
eight dollars a month ; but we should not give
a girl more than sixteen. There was some-
thing in his manner and tone so insulting that
her pride compelled her to scorn the place she
needed, and, drawing herself up to her full pro-
portions, she said with great vehemence, Sir,
are you a fool, or do you take me for one ?
Though I am too poor to-day to buy a pair of
cotton gloves, I would rather go in rags than
degrade myself by accepting anything at your
hands. And she shook the dust of that place
from her feet, and went home to struggle on
with poverty, firm in the faith of future success.
Young, inexperienced, penniless, with but few
friends and none knowing her greatest trials,
she passed weeks looking for a situation, in
vain. At last she was offered a place as sales-
woman in a store, which she accepted ; but find-
ing that it was her duty to misrepresent goods
to customers, she left at once, because she
would not violate her conscience with the tricks
of trade.
The distinctions she saw everywhere between
boys and girls, men and women, giving all the
apportnnities and advantages of life to one sex,
early filled her with indignation, and she deter-
mined to resist this tyranny wherever she found
it. Sitting at home one Sunday in January,
1860, she read a notice that the Association of
Progressive Friends would hold a meeting
that afternoon, to discuss womans rights and
wrongs. She resolved to go, and, in company
with another young girl, was there at the ap-
pointed hour. Ten minutes were allowed the
speakers to present their opposing views. It
was my good fortune, says Dr. Longshore,
to be there, and to announce at the opening
of the meeting, that ladies were particulary in-
vited to speak, as the subject was one in which
they were interested. In response to this invita-
tion, after several persons had spoken, Anna
arose near the centre of the hall. Her youthful
face, black curls, and bright eyes, her musical
voice, subdued and impressive manner, com-
manded at once the attention of the audience.
She spoke twice, her allotted time, and right to
the point. These were her first speeches in
public, and her auditors will long remember
that day. She gave a new impusle to the
meetings and a fresh interest in the association
for months afterward.
The next Sunday she spoke again, and on the
same subject. An attempt was made, by an op-
ponent, by interruptions, foolish questions,
sneers, and ridicule to put her down. This was
a nervous, bilious, man who spoke with the
arrogance and assumption usual in that type of
manhood,as if he were a partner of the Most
High in giving law to the universe ; as if' it were
his special mission to map out the sphere of
woman, the paths wherein she might with
safety walk. By some magnetic law he fixed
his eyes on this strange girl, into whose soul
the floods of indignation were pouring thick
and fast; and when he finished, the scene that
followed'was almost tragic. She rose, her feel-
ing at white heat, and, with flashing eye and
crimson cheek, she turned upon her antagonist,
looking him square in the face, and poured out
the vials of her pent-up wrath,the sum of all
the wrongs she had felt through struggling girl-
hood ; the insults to womanhood she had read
and heard; the barbarisms of law, of custom,
and of daily life, that but for the strong will
God had given her to resist, would have
ground her, with the multitudes of her sex, to
powder. She poured out such volleys of invec-
tive, sarcasm, and denunciation, painted the
helplessness of women with such pathos and
power, giving touching incidents of her own
experience, that her antagonist sunk lower and
lower into his seat and bowed his head in
silence and humiliation, while those who wit-
nessed the scene were melted to tears. Never
was an audience more electrified and amazed
than were they with the eloquence and power of
that young girl. No one knew who she was, or
whence she came ; hut all alike felt her burning
words, and withering scorn of him who had
dared to be the month-piece of such time-
honored insolence and cant about the sphere of
woman. Pointing straight at him, and, with
each step approaching nearer where he sat say-
ing, You, sir, said thus and so, she swept away
his arguments, one by one, like cobwebs before
a whirlwind, and left him not^ one foot of
ground whereon to stand. When she finished,
he took his hat and sneaked out of the meeting
like a whipped spaniel, to the great amusement
of the audience.
From this hour Elwood and Hannah Long-
shore became Annas most faithful and trusted
friends and advisers. They appreciated her
genins, comprehended the difficulties of her
position, and gave her a helping hand in secur-
ing means of support. They encouraged her
ambition to become a public speaker. So in-
tense and earnest was she in all her desires,
that she easily surmounted every difficulty to
secure her ends. No lions ever crouched in
her path ; it was the real, not the imaginary,
that blocked her* way.
Soon after the scene in the Sunday meeting,
two gentlemen called at her home one day and
inquired for Anna Dickinson. They had heard
her speak, and were so much pleased that they
desired to know something of her family and
surroundings. As soon as they inquired for
Anna, the mothers heart stood still, supposing
that these men had come to complain of some
of her pranks in the neighborhood ; and she
was by no means relieved, when she heard that
her daughter had made a speech in a public
meeting on Sunday, and they had come to con-
gratulate her on her success.
Her public career was at first a great mortifi-
cation to.her mother, who felt that by this er-
ratic course she was bringing shame and humi-
liation on her family, never dreaming that she
was so soon to occupy one ot the proudest posi-
tions before the American people, to distinguish
her family, and place them in conditions ot ease
and luxury. But she shared the common fate
of genius,persecution in the house of its
friends. At this time she became a constant
visitor at the house, of Dr. Longshore, and
found there the affe etion and wisdom, the warm
and bymphatizing friendship her generous and
impulsive nature most needed for its devel-
opment and control. They took her to their
hearts, cared for her in every way, and to this
day she calls their house her home.
We felt towards her,says Dr. Longshore,
as if she were our own child, and she lingered
with us in her visits with filial devotion. We
were the first strangers to manifest an interest
in her welfare and future plans, and she recipro-
cated our friendship with confidence and love.
She was always so happy, so full of hope and
life, that her presence seemed like that of an
angel. Hour after hour, in the evening, when
all was still, she would entertain us with her
varied experiences, at home, in school, in
church, in company, with her teachers, play-
mates, and strangers, with her efforts to get
books, clothes, comforts, laughing and crying
by turn. Her recitals were so full, glowing,
and eloquent, that we took no note of the pass-
ing time, and the midnight hours would often
find us lingering still, pleased and patient
listeners of this strange childs life.
After reading some thrilling account of the
slave system, one night, she had a remarkable
dream. She thought she was herself a slave-girl,
the victim of all the terrible experiences of that
condition. The toil, the lash, the starvation
and nakedness, the,auction-block, the brutality
of driver and owner, were all so vividly painted
on her imagination that she could not rid her-
self of the horrid realities of that system. She
could never speak on that subject in public or
private, but this terrible memory would come
vividly back to her, intensifying her feelings,
and giving an added power to her words.
After attending the meeting of Progressive
Friends for several weeks, she was invited to
speak in Mulieu Hill, New Jersey, andw on the
first Sunday in April, 1860, she made the first
speech to which she had given any previous
thought. The large school-house was crowded;
her subject was Womans Work. Speaking
from the depths of her own experience, she
eld the audience in breathless silence for over


214

f
calmly of mi indigestion. %It were to be wished,
that idleness was not allowed to generate on the
rank soil of wealth, those swarms of summer
insects that feed on putrefaction; we should
not then be disgusted by tile sight of such
brutal excesses. .
CTo he Continued.)
WuRKINGWOMEN'8 ASSOCIATION NO. 1.
------------------
Prom the N. Y. World.
This association hold a third meeting, Sept. 2S, in
the Revolution office, 37 Park row, Wovld building.
The chair was taken at 7:30 by the President, Mrs. Tobitt.
The Secretary, Miss Elizabeth C. Browne, read the
minutes of last meeting, which were approved.
Miss Susan B. Anthony then rose and said that, of
course, as she was chosen at the last meeting to repre-
sent them at the Workingmens Association they would
expect a reporf. She had not prepared one specially,
but would say that she had attended the meeting, and was
admitted, with delegates from Workingwomens Associa-
tion No. 2, and the Mount Vernon Association, without
a dissentient voice. She had the pleasure to inform
them that the President of that organization had in his
ddress devoted a paragraph to the labor movementof the
women, and acknowledged that they ought to have full
prices for full work, and had also remarked that the bal-
lot was the chief means that they ought to employ to
gain the position in labor and in civil life to which they
were entitled. (Applause.) This she was glad to hear.
On the 2d>day, Mrs. Stanton, a delegate from the Suffrage
Association, asked to be admitted. Some debate ensued
on the question of her (Mi's. Stantons) admission, and
the vote was taken, when it stood 44 for and 19 against
her petition. Eighteen out of the 19 threated to with-
draw in consequence of this vote, but they were pacified
in the morning by a resolution offered by Mr. Cameron,
of Chicago, which was to the effect that in admitting
this lady they should not be held to indorse her peculiar
views on the suffrage question, but that she represented
a society which had for its object the amelioration of wo-
mans labor. Miss Anthony then relerred more particu-
larly to the object of the present meeting, and urged
upon them the necessity of forming themselves into an
organization. Those, however, who should join them-
selves in this manner ought to have every confidence in
one another, and after they formed a sure, stable, and re-
liable association, then take a firm stand and have a
fixed scale of prices for each kind of work. If they could
not command 45 cents, then they could pui it at less.
She had talked with printers pretty considerably about
the why and wherefore that women could not earn as
much as the mon, and one of the conclusions she bad
come to was that thej were too much airaid of their
fingers and aprons. (Laughter.) Those who stayed at
home had to wash kettles, lift wash-tubs and black
stoves, until their hands became blackened and hard,
dened. It was with such a spirit as this that they ought
to go to work at their cases. Of course, if they were
disposed to do only half work they could not expeet
more than half pay. Those who wanted to compete
with men must work in dead earnest. Another objec-
tion that she had noticed was that the girls were totally
averse to do any hard manual labor, as for instance to
lift galleys. She would ask if they were heavier than
a wash-tub filled with water and clothes, or the old
cheese tubs she used to see before the time of cheese
factories? (Laughter.) She remembered, when a little
girl, going with her fathers man to a neighboring
farmers to get a tub of butter. The farmers daughter
brought the large tub out of the cellar almost as if it had
been a pail, while the big man had as much as he could
do, conveniently, to lilt it. (Laughter.) Now, girls, if
they were educated physically, ought to lift a form
of type with as little trouble as does tho washerwoman
the tub of water, or the farmers daughter the tub of
butter. The trouble is either that girls are not educated
to have physical strength or else they do not like to use
it. H a union of women was to succeed, it would have
to be composed of strength, nerve, courage, and per-
sistence ; with no fear of dirtying their white fingers, but
with a determination that when they went into an office
they would go through with all that was required of
them, and demand just ns high wages as the men.
(Applause.) She was not there, however, to dictate to
them ; she had risen to give a report. The labor unions
feel that the women are undermining them, and hence
the antagonistic feeling that exists between (hem. The
World office itself at one time, when tho members of
the Union withdrew, took the women into their employ,
tho men who had left, of course, feeling hurt at this
ouiting their ground from under them. While there is this
antagonism existingthat is, while women are willing
to take less than men, the women can never expect
to rise. They must be in harmony with men, bring
themselves into line and work with them. A story had
beeu told her to the effect that an employer had said
that he could not think of asking these Tadics to stay in
of an evening, so that his paper or his work might be
accomplished, and again that these ladies, when they
went into an office drop the type all round the floor and
ruin it by stepping on it, and still he was loth to dis-
miss them. She had replied that that man ought not to
be a boss. He .ought to treat girls as he did the
men; she did not believe ia their treating girls after
tho old fashion of so much deference. The only thing
she asked was to have justice and to make them do
their work up to the line. While perhaps out of twenty
girls in an office, nineteen had in view only the making
of a little money to get some fine olothes. The twen-
tieth one was earnest in making this occupation a trade
for life, to get rich and to excel in business, because the
nineteen are shiftless, careless, and really lacking in
energy, having no ambition at all, this one is placed in
the same condition as theyshe cannot obtain the full
price for her work, and is in every respect held of as
little account as they. Now, girls in every department
of work, who are willing to have black hands and hard
muscles, ought to have equal chance and ought to have
full and equal justice accorded them. (Applause.)
Miss Emma Peers said that she did not shirk her work
in the office in which she was a compositor, no matter
what time of night it was that she would be required to
stop, she did it cheerlully.
The President said that she could bear testimony to
the carelessness of men at any rate, for in her office
there is a whole pan of type taken up from the floor
every week. There is not a woman near that place all
the time. (Laughter.)
Miss Anthony said that of course the women had a
different story to fell.
Miss Peers averred that when she was last in the World
office her employment was to pick up the type the men
had dropped. (Laughter.)
The President said the Irish girl who picked up the
type to which she referred, had a very original way of
distributing itshe would take it in her band and throw
it all over the case. (Laughter.)
Miss Anthony now referred to a letter which she had
received. It was addressed to the Association, and was
as follows:
To the Working women's Association
Having been the first printer in this city to instruct
and employ female compositors, I regard the present ef-
fort at co-operation with sympathetic interest, As it ap-
pears that, among the hands now following (hat vocation,
there arc some who are qualified to take tbe next step as
employers, and only wait for capital, in order to give
them practical evidence of the sincerity of my profes-
sions, I hereby offer to donate to the society the free use
of a complete printing-office for one year. I think that
it would be a fair test of the experiment that it should
be for that duration, and suggest that applicants for its
benefits should be required to enlist for that period.
Should this offer be accepted, I will .furnish on requi-
sition a simple plan of oarrying out details speedily to
enable themthis pioneer bandto stand out as a shin-
ing light for the pathway of their faltering and timid
sisters. Respectfully,
The Editor of the Taxpayer.
Miss Anthony then read a little paragraph showing
how the journeymen printers of this city had attained
to such a power as they now possess, and stated that the
gentlemen composing that society were willing to aid
the young women to get together in a corporation. She
would assure them that these gentlemen were in earnest,
even though some self-interest should underlie* their
offer.
It was then moved by Miss Peers, seconded by Miss
Susie Johns, that a Womans Typographical Union be
formed.
Miss Baker, from the Eagle office, Brooklyn, said that
the Union men had been trying to secure that establish-
ment to themselves, but they were determined not to
give it up to them. (Hear, hear.) She said that the
reason why not more of the compositors were present
that evening was that they had heard it asserted that it
was in some way connected with tho gentlemens Typo-
graphical Union. They had first-class lady compositors
in that office, one there was who has been fifteen years
at the business.
Miss Anthony would ask how much that lady received.
Miss Baker stated that at thirty-seven cents a thousand
she made $18 per week. She had requested that .young
lady to come over that evening, but as they were bitterly
opposed to the Union she would not come. Many of
them had stated, however, that if they could be assured
that it was not at all connected with tbe Typographical
Union, they would come.
Miss Anthony said that she (Miss Baker) might dis-
miss their fears on that ground.
Miss Baker then asked if a scale of prices would be
set by this society when formed. In many printing
offices, both in this city and in Brooklyn, many ladies
were getting thirty cents a thousand. Of course they
did not expect they would be paid the same price as
men, as a general rule, because they had not had the
same chance to learn as the men, who were apprenticed
to tho trade. She would, however, state, concerning
herself, that she had been at the business six months,
and would say that she was as good as any man who has
worked the same length of time. (Applause.)
Mr. Joseph Dixon, an old gentleman from New Jersey,
asked the President how they were going to get the
money to start with. If the officers of the Typographica 1
Union shut them off, how were they going to work to
own the type and fixtures of an office and start on their
own hook ?
Miss Anthony referred to the letter above written.
Mr. Dixon replied that as he himself was once a print-.
ers ,boyhe consequently felt a deep interest in their wel-
fare, and in forming their society he would like to have
a hand in too. (Laughter.)
Miss Anthony said she was unacquainted with the
amoxuit of the sinews of war which the gentleman pos-
sessed but would say that $10,000 would be acceptable.
(Laughter.)
Mr. Dixon said Ilia t he would not be behind very far.
(Applause.)
Miss Anthony could assure him that when they were
once organized, he would be called upon to head the
list.
Miss Anthony then asked the meeting generally if,
should the proffer be accepted, there were any young
ladies who would be willing to accept a situation there-
in to do the job work and try the co-operative system.
Several young ladies then signified their readiness to
take advantage of this offer.
The question was then put to the meeting and carried
unanimously.
Miss Anthony thought that they should iiot organize
at the present tin e, but wait until some future meeting,
when the by-laws should be prepared and officers ap-
pointed.
The following ladies were then formed into a commit-
tee to frame the by-laws of the society, viz : Miss Au-
gusta Lewis, Miss Susie Johns, anJ Miss Emma Peers.
Miss An.hony would state lor their encouragement
that she had seen Miss Anna Dickinson that day, who
stated that she would be most happy to speak for their
benefit] (Applause.) Miss Anthony then called atten-
tion to the persistence with which this lady had worked
her way in the world. She first scrubbed the side walks
of Philadelphia to earn twenty-five cents to go to hear
Mr. Phillips who was to deliver a lecture in that place,
and said further, that it was only through such energy
and persistency that they could hope for ultimate suc-
cess.
Mr. Dixon impressed upon them the necessity of going
ahead if they wanted to succeed ; otherwise, unless they
showed they were in earnest, it would be a hard matter
to collect money lor their undertaking. Even for them
to start a subscription paper would he a great thing.
He had, of course, made up Ms mind what he would give.
(Laughter.) He would not tell them, however, as it
might prevent others from subscribing to their help as
liberally as they otherwise would. (Applause.)
Rev. Nehemiah Brown, of West Thirty-fourth street,
asked permission as a stranger to say a few words. He
would remark that if a woman was capable of sitting
upon the first throne in Europe and against whom not a
word had ever been breathed, surely he was of op inion
that a woman ough t to be able to set type. He had
taught a mixed school for many years, the female por-
tion sitting side by side with the male, and he never saw
any difference in their respective capability. He main-
tained that, although the law recognized it, a marriage
was no marriage at all, where tho husband had a shift-
less wife, for woman was given to man to be a helpmeet
unto him.
Mr. Joseph WiUan, of Typographical Union No. 6, was
present and made a few remarks, in which he encourag-
ed them to persevere in the work which they had com-
menced. As for himself, he was a printer, to the-ma-
nor born. His father had been a printer, his mother
had been a printer, and he had two sisters who weru


It* fUvtfttttitftt.
215
printers. He had seen his mother setup hill-heads,
cards, and pamphlets, told, stitch, and hind, and do
everything connected with the entire working of an of,
flee. Labor, he said, must be united to support itself.
If the rich man can get them singly, he will turn and
twist them to his will; hut when united they can diotate
their own terms. (Applause) If they would now joiD to-
gether they would give them a chanco to help each other.
Mr. Tomlinson asked whether, i f they should adopt a
lower scale of prices, they (the Typographical Union)
would recognize them.
Mr. Willan said that, as far as he was concerned, he'
would. (Hear hear.) If they should come in with them
they would then have a chance of lifting them a little
higher. To give an instance of the strength and bro-
therhood, as it were, which existed between the different
bodies, he would mention that the Collar Association of
Troy sent $500 to the relief of the bricklayers who struck
in'fills oity some weeks ago.
Miss Anthony said that many members of the Typo-
graphical Society said that they would stand by woman to
help her. (Applause.) At one time, no doubt, they had
been their enemies, but even the members of that So-
ciety can repent and become eventually their firm and
lasting friends. (Applause.)
On motion of Miss Anthony, seconded by Miss Emma
Peers, the meeting then adjourned.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
THE MAID OF ERIN PROPOSES HERSELF AS HOS-
TAGE.IF HENS CAN CROW LET EM CROW.
COCK-PECKED WIVES AND HEN-PECKED HUS-
BANDS.WHAT STATUTE PREVENTS WOMEN
FROM WEARING MENS CLOTHES ?WHY ARE
WOMEN ONLY CALLED ANGELS WHEN YOUNG?
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, V
Sept. 9, 1868. f
Dear Revolution : If tlie women could get
me out, I soon should be free. Bouquets and
books of poems, baskets of grapes and boxes of
fruit' and letters from a host of friends.
A YOUNG IRISH GIRL PROPOSES HERSELF AS A
HOSTAGE FOR MY RELEASE.
Cork, August 29.
Dear Mr. Train : I thank you most gratefully for
taking such trouble as lo send me the little book and
paper ; at the same time I hope you dont imagine that
I ever believed all the hard things that your vile de-
tractors say of you. I have too much confidence in your
great principles to believe them, but I get so angry at
these cowardly attacks, that I feel very much inclined to
stand on Womans Rights and give them a good knock
down.
Tour Train Extra is a great weapon of defence in my
hands, and I generally come off victorious out of all my
encounters, and they are not a few.
Dear Mr. Train, I hope you wont think me foolish or
silly to be writing the proposal I have to make you, but by
your trial I think it is almost necessary you should be at
your personal liberty to procure proofs to free yourself
of those fal?e claims. Suppose then, that you get a sub-
stitute or personal hostage to remain in custody till your
return. Would such a thing be feasible ? If so, dear Mr.
Train, I would myself, willingly, cheerfully take your
place, and remain as prisoner till your return. I dont
know if such a circums'tance would be allowed, but I
dare say you do, and please act upon it, and let me
know.
There has been a perfect storm here about my ears for
seeing your name on your letters. They want to know if
I am going to America on the express train, and to mind
1 est you blow up on the way or get off the track. But T
have told them to take care of themselves, and keep clear
of the lines, foryou are an American Train, and generally
go ahead. Once more pardon me for my very frequent
and troublesome intrusions, aud hoping one day to hail
you on American soil as President of that land which
my heart sighs to behold, I am, dear Mr. Train, your de-
voted and humble servant, Annie * *
BLOOD IN THE VERY AIR.
We are coming on evil times. A religions war.
A straggle between the rival churches. Chapel
and cathedral under arms. I am trying to keep
the people from voting. My epigram campaign,
ike that in Kansan, is producing A imvoLVTioN,
EPIGRAM.
A VOICE FROM A BRITISH BASTILE TO THE ELEC-
TORS OF IRELAND.
After seven centuries of fiendish hate,
Will ye still vote for Church and State ?
After twenty generations of British wrong,
Will yo your misery prolong?
Then, Celtic fool and Saxon knave,
Go, vote yourself an English slave l
Would you checkmate the English Beast ?
Go then and ask your Patriot Priest
To offer mass for the Nations soul
Instead of battling at the poll.
None but a fool or sordid knave
Would vote himself an English slave!
Should Irish Bishop or Roman Pope
Deprive you of a martyrs rope,
I'd rather lie beneath the sod ,
And trust my patriot soul to God.
No Tory fool or Whiggish knave,
Should keep me long an English slave !
George Francis Train,
Four Courts Marshalsea, August 26. _
DOWN WITH THE MISTRESSES AND UP WITH THE
PARAMOURS.
I roared when I saw how my paramour para-
graph hit Raymond. Nothing like stirring up the
animals with a long pole. Man has been the
slave-owner so long, he is astonished to see
the slave argue with him ; not only argue, but
knock his pet sayings out from under him.
How few sneer now at strong-minded women,
since I-started the satirical cry of Three
cheers for wea7c-minded women. All those
in favor of weak-minded women, say aye.
These twists on the human mind cut into the
bone. Why should not women have para-
mours as well as men have mistresses. A
bombshell in the Times office. That pure
unadulterated-carrying-water-on-two shoulders-
Chairman o? Philadelphia Convention-two-
faced English organ in New York, says
The Revolution is indecent. Ergo,
it is all right for men to keep mistresses, but
there is no decency in women keeping para-
mours. Poor H. J. R., bless your soul, women
prefer votes to men. Half the affection that a
false society makes them assume, is got up for
the occasion. Men are sensual, women intel-
lectual. Men tell bawdy stones, women do
not. Men are human, women have more dig-
nity. Men are brutes, women are human
beings. The Revolution is coining a new
vocabulary.
WOMEN MUST BE PLAINTIFFS.
It is time that woman should be plaintiff. She
has been defendant too long. Having killed
several proverbs, texts and sayings which men
used to keep women down, I may as well coin a
new word for Tnp Revolution. A man who
pays any attention to his wife is called hen-
peckedto sneer him down.
cock-pecked wives and hen-pecked husbands.
The term is as old as Adam. Now, then, for
a new word. Let us call the woman that is a
drudge, a slave, a shadow of the husband, a
cock-pecked wife. We can thus shame her
into independence. She will no longer say
througS fear of the ridicule of herhusband, that
she dont want to vote. When we hear that
phrase from a woman, you may know she is a
cock-pecked wife. When you see a woman sneer
at TheRevolution, say, Oh, I see, you be-
long to the cock-becked brigade. When some
young girl turns up her no96 at a woman lec-
turer, shut her up with, Ah, miss, what a cock-
pecked wife you will make. When a clergy-
man lectures you about woman voting, rest as-
sured that man ban a coekpecked consort
By being plaintiff, always attacking, we shall
soon educate the ignorant, and give courage to
the cowards. Let the cry go out as against the
hen-pecked battalion.
how seldom we hear women praised for
THEIR INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES.-WHY MUST
WOMEN ALWAYS BE MEEK, DOCILE, SUBMIS-
SIVEWHO MADE THAT LAW?
Why should not women box, fence, race, prac-
tice gymnastics, swim, play base-ball, rake hay,
pick apples, hoe potatoes, paint houses, break
stone, act as police, drive' horses, sell stocks,
legislate, keep hotels, build railroads, erect fac-
tories, and launch ships ? When they vote, Rnd
that comes with the Revolution, they will have
some nobler occupation than listening to compli-
ments as angels. If the emancipation of the
negro is to be a day of jubilee, what is it to
strike the bonds of ages off ihe minds of
women? The more I dwell upon their slavery
to man, the more I am astonished that there
are so few S. B. A.s and E. G. S. in
the world, with talent and moral courage to
speak for their enslaved sex. How P. P.s con-
tinual bombardment must shake the recreant
abolition stronghold, that spends all its torce
upon the negro, having no kind word for
woman.
IF A HEN CAN CROW LET HER CROW.
The whistling girl and crowing hen couplet has
done woman as much damage as Burnss stupid
lines, of seeing ourselves as others see us, have to
man. What analogy is there between a talking
woman and a crowing hen? Just as good a coup-
let can be made on singing men and cackling
cocks. The hen is no more a slave in the barn-
yard than the cock. He struts about and blows
his own trumpet the same as man, but unlike
man, he dont shut his consort up in the nur-
sery and feed her on compliments. The female
everywhere has a distinct individuality, except
in the human race.
WHAT LAW IS THERE PREVENTING A WOMAN
FROM WEARING MENS CLOTHES?
Is there such a law? I dont think so. If not,
how can a policeman arrest a woman thus clad ?
How came this authority ? "Will the women of
The Revolution look into it ? I believe that
women have a right to wear mens clothes, as
much as men have to wear womens clothes.
Show me the forbidden statute. Adam and Eve
both wore natures pantaloons.
WHY DO MEN GALL WOMEN ANGELS ONLY WHEN
YOUNG AND BEAUTIFUL ?
Because they are after the body, not the mind.
They court the senses, not the intellect. They
seek love, not affection. They act humanity, not
divinity. They play the brute, not the image
of the Creator. When old and ugly, men pass
no such compliment to women. Hence, the
word angel becomes an insult. Flattery is
nothing else but lying. Commendation is the re-
ward of merit. How insipid this never ceas-
ing compliment is! This appeal to vanity is so
different from pride. Egotism is noble, vanity
ignoble. Ah angel any way is a myth. Wings
tn a crowded ball room are not convenient; be-
sides I like a woman who has got something to sit
down on. Angels never seem to have any con-
veniences of that nature, and their dresses are
too long for dancing, even if they possessed
feet which are not seen in the pictures. Angels
usually fall- Women of intellect are more
guarded with their virtue. What man loves is
the sex, not the individual. And society edu-
cates woman to make the sex, not the mind, the
obi attraction/ Obobgb Fbanok Train.-


216
9Ut, fUraltttiirtt.
Cite lie mil lit inn.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PILLSBURY,
Editors*
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, OCTOBER 8, 1868.
WENDELL PHILLIPS ON THE NATIONAL
PROSPECT.
If Mr. Phillips had no history behind him
luminous with assurances of devotion to justice
and right, it would almost be uncertain whether
he is to-day the nations foe or triend. Many of
his most fervent admirers are amazed at his pre-
sent course in the Anti-Slavery Standard. Such
strange incoherencies and inconsistencies as
abound in his. letter In that journal of Sept.
26th may well strike readers with amazement.
Here are some of them in detached passages,
but just and fair to the whole article:
Faulty ana. defective as the republican party is, still it
holds in its hands our only chance oi safety.... It is a
party without principles or leaders.... When the im-
peachment failed, it was madness to go on and admit
the rebel states lo their old places.... Congress be-
trayed its trust when it subjected the nation to such
peril. The members proved themselves thoroughly dis-
honest or incapable, when they adjourned in presence of
such a danger___ We have little confidence in Grant....
We fear he belongs more to Morgan, Conklin and
Howard than to Sumner and Wade. He was drunk in
the public streets, since the first day of January....
This is a fact patent as the sun at noonday- He is a
West Point graduate with his sympathies all in the wrong
direction.... Of the half-dozen catchwords that the
nation has extorted from his Ups, not one has any rela-
tion to liberty_ His friends understand so little the
epoch in which they live, that- their hood never claims for him anything which fits him for a
leader in such an hour. Pope said [of crime],
Feign what yon will, and paint it eer so strong,
Some rising genius sins up to your song.*
But Grants friends have not fancy and understanding
enough of the hour to tie him up to its need.
Such is Mr. Phillipss estimate of the republi-
can party aud its Presidential candidate, who,
he says, hold in their hands our only chance
of safely. Then truly the whole idea of a God
and an overruling providence must bS a delu-
sion. When God saves by such instrumental-
ities it will be at most awful cost. As well pro-
claim blank atheism and done with it, might we
not?
The foil to this strange logic of Mr. Phillips,
or that rather which he expects redeems it, is all
represented in one or two periods in this same
article. For instance:
The p'eople have been largely educated to the nations
necessity and duty, and do not even affect to put off any
share of it on the shoulders of Grant, or fancy that be
can or will lead anybody, or auything. They see in
him a tool, not a leader.... Grants election melts the
millions into one indissoluble whole.
In this last quotation lies the danger of the
whole articlethe whole argument, if argu-
ment it be called. To mortal sight, truth, co-
herence, consistency ,allseem wanting. He may
be right, but many of his most intelligent and
faithful Mends fail to see it. That the people
are not educated to their duty, or even their
necessity, would seem to be evident from the
fact that they still cling with the grasp of death
to those very leaders whom Mr. Phillips
blasts with his breath of fire. Even Mr. Fes-
senden is forgiven, though the failure of Im-
peachment was and ever will be justly ascribed
to him; while republican censure of brave old
Thaddeus Stevenss course pursues him into the
darkness of his tomb. Wade and Sumner
will be voted down nine times out of ten in the
Senate, by the friends of Morgan, Conklin
and .Howard, whom Mr. Phillips deprecates,
and with good reason. The Chicago platform
shook under the thunders of Mr. Phillipss exe-
cration! Can he suppose the party have any
thought, wish, or intention to go beyond that ?
How many, many times he has said parties
never transcend their promise! What conser-
vative leader do the people propose to drop and
accept one more radical instead ? Even in Mas-
sachusetts, Senator Sumners prospect for re-elec-
tion is not without shadow, while Ben Butler,
on account of his financial opinions, will only
again reach it by working his passage., which he
is doing with consummate zeal. No conserva-
tive officer in Massachusetts, or elsewhere, is in
danger of loss through conservatism alone.
And then as to Grants election melting the
millions into one indissoluble whole. It is
true that only the hope of success holds the
party together at present Like a grim iceberg
it floats defiantly to-day, but beyond election
are torrid heats of angry discussion and action
before which the like of it never lasts. Already
it has shown at least four lines of separation, two
on Reconstruction and two on the question of
National Finance. The success of Gen. Grant
will not heal divisions there. Suffrage now is
almost forgotten in other questions. And
neither party in reconstruction can now secure
the black man's right of suffrage (not to speak
of the poor black woman), for Mr. Sumners
constitutional amendment has placed all that
beyond Federal interference, the Chicago plat-
form confirming the diabolical decree! Georgia
has expelled the most loyal members from her
legislature, and most supererogatively from the
jury-box, and as Mr. Congressman Boutwell
truly says, the right of suffrage must follow.
The gallant Gov. Warmoutb, of Louisiana, has
strangely gone back on his black constituency,
evidently preferring their white rebel masters to
them ; thus driving the colored population
again to the verge of blank despair. To all of
which tbe whole repuolican party seems to be
fast reconciling itself. So that should the elec
tion of Gen. Grant melt the millions into one
indissoluble whole on the one question of im-
partial suffrage, it must be to Mr. Phillipss re-
gret, disappointment and mortification.
No, indeed ; the people cannot be yet edu-
cated to the nations necessity and duty.
When they are, they will spurn any man who
will consent to be a fool to such party
leaders ; and any party leaders who would use
such a tool. Drunk Mr. Phillips says the
tool was, IN THE PUBLIC STREETS, SINCE THE
FIRST DAT OF JANUARY J A FACT PATENT AS THE
sun at noonday And in the hands of such
party leaders as will use such a tool, Mr. Phil-
lips says, is our only chance of safety! Can
he mean it ? Ani he knows, moreover, but too
well, that many of those leaders, and some even
of the very best of them, are boon companions
to their chief in this same vice, if he be ad-
dicted to it, as Mr. Phillips and many others
declare; and can wallow with him in its deepest,
foulest mire. And with such a crew aud pilot
Mr. Phillips presumes to trust the ship of state on
this the darkest night and stormiest ocean that
ever shook their terrors in the face of the mari-
ner.
Mr. Phillips is a brave man, and it was long
the pride and glory of this editor to follow his
invincible banner. But we dare not trust him
here. The convictions of our conscience, the
dictates of our reason, the pulsations and
promptings of our whole moral and spiritual
nature, forbid. And Mr. Phillips is among the
last of mortal men, we trust, who would have
any one trample on all these even to hold with
him.
Mi*. Phillips once drew the portrait of his
native state in the sublime service of sending a
fugitive slave woman back to slavery. It was
in Music Hall in Boston, and more than three
thousand people hung in breathless silence on
his golden lips.' As the horrible image peered
out from his canvass, to the scorn and loathing
of all who beheld, he suddenly paused, lilted
high his hand, aud in low, deep and reverential
tone, exclaimed, God damn the Common-
wealth of Massachusetts! I The very walls of
the vast temple seemed to shudder, at the im-
precation. Many, counting it blasphemy, were
struck by it as with thunder. Even Mr. Gar-
rison, at the moment, turned pale with aston-
ishment, from which it is doubtful if he have
yet wholly recovered. But had it been blas-
phemy, bold and blistering, there was, at least,
one in tbe vast audience to whom it could not
have been more so, than are some of the state-
ments and sentiments of the article on which
this is an attempted commentary p. p.
RAIL WA Y PASSENGERS ASSURANCE
COMPANY.
. The letter from a workingwoman we pub-
lished last week, on the injustice of the Hartford
Insurance Company to women, has drawn out
many other communications on this sub-
ject. The proviso that females will be insured
against death only (not accidents), is alike lud-
icrous and lamentable. Lamentable, because
many poor women purchase these tickets, think-
ing themselves insured against accident, aud the
investment of even twenty-five cents to no pur-
pose is to them too much to lose ; ludicrous,
because it shows how even such practical, hard
cash men as J. G. Batterson and H. T. Sperry
can absurdly base their business transactions
with women on a mere tradition. Because a
certain Will Shakspeare, generations ago, said
w Frailty, thy name is woman, are all women to
be regarded like a basket of eggs or blown glass
ornaments, that must travel at the risk of the
owner, while the men by their side, like stair-
rods and shingle nails, may be insured against
accident, with profit to the company. Now, if
this injustice is based on womans supposed
Irailty, let us assure these companies, that
woman is no gingerly compound of divers
parts, put together like a Chinese puzzle with-
out the least cohesive attraction, that a slight
jar or rude wind could resolve into her native
elements, but bona-fide flesh and blood, bone
and muscle, and in case of a general smash up
on the cars, though she might be stripped of
divers and sundry rats, mice, waterfalls, ring-
lets, paniers, chains, dangles, crisping-pins and
calves, there would still be enough left more
worthy the tender consideration of the Passenger
Railway Company, than the great lumbering
piece of humanity in broadcloth and brogans
by her side.
Not long since, two enterprising young sol-
diers widows, a dressmaker and a milliner,
coming to New York to purchase goods, bought
for the sum of twenty-five cents each, tickets
to insure themselves against death and accident.
After th hubbub of starting was over ; alter the
boys had been through the cars with water,


gUwIutiati.
217
fruit, candy, papers and boots ; after our two
travellers had chatted gaily for a time, as they
dashed along eating apples and peanuts, con-
gratulating themselves on their safety tickets,
they took them out for further reading and con-
sideration. Five thousand dollars if we are kil-
led A nice sum, said one, for our orphan chil.
dreu Over that bright prospect they paused and
talked awhile, and in view of all the advantages
such a sum would be to set George up in bus-
iness and give Kate an education, these good
mothers felt almost resigned to death itself.
They read further, twenty-five dollars a
week if damaged, to be paid as long as rendered
unable to work. Capital, says one, that
is more than we can clear when well; and they
paused again to laugh and talk and weep over
their past joys and sorrows, their present trials
and hardships, their further plans, their pur-
chases in New York, their losses and profits, etc.,
but from all their past bereavements and future
anxieties, ever and anon they turned with pleas-
ure to the tickets they held in their hands, and
still read on. But a sudden change came over
them, the past, the present, the future, were all
forgotten, as one with trembling voice read
aloud, Females will be insured against death
only (not accident;. They actually turned
pale with indignation and disappointment, and
read that ominous sentence again and again be-
fore they could fielieve their own eyes. Fe-
males insured against death only. What a
swindle, said one, to sell us tickets with such
a proviso!
Hath not a woman eyes, hands, organs, di-
mensions, senses, that men dare make such dis-
tinctions between themselves and us ? Is not a
damaged woman as great a loss to herself, the
family, the church, the st^te, as a damaged
man ? Shall we ever get to the end of the ab-
surdities into which men run on the supposed
differences in sex. The reasons of these gentle-
men, if one could get at them, for this limita-
tion of their insuring powers, would, no doubt,
be worthy the consideration of Miss Lydia
Becker before The British Association, for the
Advancement of Science.
But as an offset to these Connecticut barbar-
isms, we are comforted to find in the Iribune, an
advertisement of a Philadelphia Insurance Com-
pany, of which Jay Cooke is President, in which
the following humane passage occurs : No ex-
tra rate'is charged for risks on the lives of
females. This is pure chivalry on the part of
the great financier, but unfortunately for the
credit of his sex, he lets another cat out of the
bag. We did not know before, that while
women could not be insured against accident,
they were also taxed more than men to be in-
sured against death.
The Continental Life Insurance Company of
New York sends a little pamphlet for our con-
sideration. We have read it carefully through,
but could not find out their policy for females.
As there is more sentiment and pathos in their
announcement and appeal than are generally
found in such documents, and as a venerable
' soldier is painted on the cover, one might infer
that justice will be done the brave and tne
beautiful. We give our readers the only passages
in which females are mentioned, that they
may judge of the spirit of the New York Com-
pany.
JOINT LIVES.
It frequently occurs that a husband and wife, or part-
ners in business, or in some rislr, desire to secure an
amount iq case of the death of either ; for this purpose*
instead of going to the expense of two separate polioies
for the same amount, both fives are joined in one policy.
and au amount named, which is payable to the survivor
on the death of the other.
Which pays the most? Which gets the most?
Wife or husband?
WIVES AND LIFE INSURANCE.
Wives should bo the special patrons an d advocates of
such a beneficent institution. It is especially for their
benefit. And yet otientimes women are less favorable lo
it than men! Many a wife absolutely opposes the hus-
bands getting a life policy! And others are indifferent
to it, and, at least, do not press the matter till it is ac-
complished. This is surprising. We would like to re-
mind such wives that multitudes of their number are
suffering to-day from just such indifference or opposi-
tion, or, perhaps, foolish superstition. Multitudes will
be sorry for it but once, and that is always. Imagine the
feelings of a lone, dependent, poverty-stricken widow,
as she remembers that irom mistaken economy or igno-
ran t prejudice she opposed the small outlay that would
have now given herself and her babes a competence!
Imagine her feelings, as she reflects that she herself is the
cause of all these sorrows 1
So the struck eagle, stretched along the plain,
No more through rolling clouds to 9oar again,
Viewed her own feather in the fatal dart,
And winged the shaitthat quivered in her heart!
Keen were her pangs 5 but keener far to feel
She nursed the pinion that impelled the steel;
While the same plumage that had warmed the nest
Drank the last life-drop of her bleeding breast 1
Imagine the feelings of the lone, dependent,
poverty-stricken widows described above, when
they remember how hard, grinding, selfish capi-
talists cheat the wives of soldiers who have shed
their blood for the nations life. Imagine the
feelings of every woman who has been swindled
by these insurance companies. To compare a
being that lives and breathes at the will of another
that is not worth insuring against accident, that
is considered either as the toy or drudge of man,
ranked in the state constitutions with idiots,
lunatics and criminals, to a soaring eagle, is
rather far fetched, but when we see our own
fathers, husbands, brothers, sons, playing such
mean tricks on poor women, we do feel very
much like the eagle contemplating her own
feather in the fatal dart. E. c. s.
MoralLet all women beware of Insurance
Companies.
WOMAN AS PRINTER.
The Boston Post has a New York correspon-
dent who is well disposed and seems well post-
ed as to womans connection with the business
of printing, especially in the office of the New
York World. He writes that the female com-
positors and shop hands are taking steps simi-
lar to those taken by the men. The composi-
tors have determined to start a printing office
on the plan of co-operation. They indignantly
deny the World's statement that they do not
set type well. When they were employed by
the World their work was as well done, they
say, as it is done now by men, besides being
cheaper. They earned from sixteen to eighteen
dollars per week, and are earning as much now
on other papers. They think that when women
do the same kind of work that men do, and do
it as well, they should be paid as much as men,
'and I think so too. The compositors earn a
great deal more than the shop hands, and do
not work so hard. Thousands of the latter are
not able to make over six dollars per week, and
but few get up to ten dollars. Associations
have been formed among them for protection,
which they sadly need, and I hope they will se-
cure. Miss Anthony, of The Bevolution, is
working hard to help those of Her sex who have
to work for a living, and though some of her
ideas are crochetty, still she deserves both
thanks and enoouragement. The writer, in
closing, says the condition of the female labor-
ing classes must be improved some time, and
the sooner the better?
REVOLUTION IN SPAIN.
The Atlantic cable has been bnsy for the last
two weeks reporting the progress of a most re-
markable Bevolution in Spain. And though it
has overturned an ancient and once powerful
nationality, unthroned and exiled a sovereign,
and is already layirg new governmental founda-
tions, it has been attended with wondrously
little violence and almost no shedding of blood.
With queen Isabella, terminates probably, the
Bourbon reigning dynasty, after a sceptre sway
in France, Spain, and other lesser kingdoms, of
almost four hundred years. To live in exile,
says one of our contemporaries is now the hard
lot of many representative Bourbons, whether
of the two branches, or of the Orleans offshoot;
and to all human appearance it seems certain
that when some future romancer shall do for
their House what Bulwer has done for the Plan -
tagenets, it is Isabella of Spain that will figure
in his pages as the last of the Bourbons.
What next, is now the question. The lead-
ers in the Bevolution are not, it is to be fear-
ed, equal to the mighty responsibihties they
have assumed. General Prim, the Garribaldi
of the movement, is generally understood not to
favor republicanism, and the election of a new
monarch from the many aspirants already in
the field, will be attended with difficulties even
greater than have forever defeated many at-
tempts of the kind in European history. A
better hope already obtains in some quarters,
inasmuch as there is known to be in Spain a
strong republican party heretofore held in re-
straint, but that will now-be able to make itself
known and felt. It is even held by many that
all the tendencies of Gen. Prim are in that di-
rection, though his utterances have mostly been
in the opposite direction. The people are
known to be true lovers of liberty, but educat-
ed under monarchy, nearly absolute, and reli-
gion amounting to despotism, their ideas of it
may be presumed to be crude in the extreme.
Anri it must be confessed that the example or
success of our own Bepublic has not hitherto
been such as to instruct or aid in the establish-
ment of a new government on such ruins as
Spain now presents. Cherishing a horrible
chattel slave system almost a hundred years,
until the Infinite Patience could and would suf-
fer it no longer, and now vainly attempting
year after year to restore the wreck to which
our government was reduced by tne Divine
visitation, we are in no .condition to extend
counsel, comfort, or more material aid, even
were the whole Peninsula to be- swallowed in
civil wars more terrible than all its earthquakes
for a thousand years To multitudes of most
intelligent and thoughtful persons in both
hemispheres, friends of republican institutions,
it is doubtful whether we as a nation are not
more a warning than on encouragement in all
that pertains to free and self-government.
France in terrible revolutionary extremity ap-
pealed to President Washington and our then
vigorous and rising young nationality for
material aid. But though her Bevolution was
kindled by sparks from our own, and though
La Fayette himself seemed wanting only in
courage to put himself at the very head of it,
in every principle and pulsation of his noble
soul, yearning to see his country free at least
as Washingtons, the aid could not be rendered.
To-day our condition is far more deplorable


218
gbtvflutiis*
than then. For we also are rocking with Revo-
lution and rebellion, more fearful, more doubt-
ful than that which has just hurled Isabella
from her throne. And on both countries, the
genius of freedom and all the hopes of humani-
ty, in the old world and the new, look with
trembling interest, awaiting the momentous
result. p. p.
Since the above was written we have received
by Atlantic Telegraph the following republican
proclamation which has been sent all over Spain.
Spaniards! Let our cry be, Long live the Federal
Republic! Down with tyranny 1 Let ns never more
see any kings on our soil which they have rendered so
unhappy. With the Republic, Democracys popular
programmethe.only one approved by the peopleshall
be filled.
Soldiers! The Republic will at once grant yon un-
limited leave of absence. You shall embrace your
mothers, and say, Thanks to the Republic, you will no
longer weep on separating from your sons; for they
will remain to work with you. Henceforth Spain shall
fight only when her independence is threatened. As for
patriot officers, there will be numerous reserve lists to
reward their services.
Spaniards I It is only with the Republic that you can
be free, happy, and rich. It is also with tile Repub'ic
alone that property to guaranteed, and that prosperity,
through industry, ran grow rapidly. It is again with
the Republic that our enormous taxes will diminish.
No one will bo prosecuted for bis opinions, because all
opinions are sacred; but public thieves must be forced
to deliver up fortunes won by spoliation, because crimes
are not opinions. The accomplices of tyranny will re-
ceive their punishment.
Spaniards 1 Let us be the worthy descendants of the
Cid, of Padilla Aanuza, and Riego. Let us revive at last
the liberties of Castille, Aragon, and of the popular
Constitution of 18X2, and give them the modern perfec-
tion. Citizens! Imitate the Saragossans of 1808, and of
March, 1838. Soldiers 1 Be the children of the nation :
imitate those who lollowed Biego and Espartero. If you
are ordered to fire on your brethren, flourish your mus-
kets in the air. Spain has fought the Romans and Moors
lor centuries; one month is enough now to do away
with our oppressors.
Spaniards! We are now the most villified people in
Europe 1 Let us renew the great exploits of 1808, 1812,
and 1820. In one word, let the lion rouse from his leth-
argy.
Spaniards! Long live the Federal Republic! and,
in order to proclaim and defend it, let us shake off our
degradation.
To arms for liberty !
The proclamation is signed, Jose Maria de Orense,
in the name ol the National Government. M. de Orense
is a refugee, aged 72, who has been residing in the
south of Prance.
GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN FOR CONGRESS.
An immense and most enthusiastic meeting
was held on Saturday evening last in this city
to nominate Mr. Train as Member of Congress
for the Fifth District. The vote was nearly
unanimous, and great enthusiasm prevailed,
particularly among the Irish portion of the meet-
ing. The meeting was addressed by Col. Nagle
of Fenian fame, Dr. J. E. Snodgrass and others.
Dr. Snodgrass, on being questioned as to
whether he intended to vote for Mr. Train, an-
swered that be was known to be in favor of
Grant and Colfax ; and if he should, on waking
up in November, find, so good a man as George
Francis Train, the advocate of universal suf-
frage (which he understood to include the women
as well as all men alike), elected with them, be
should feel satisfied that his neighbors of the
Fifth District had made a great improvement in
their choice, and done well. He also contrasted
in scathing tone the conduct of Reverdy John-
son1, who had commenced toadying to Roebuck
and the Tory aristocracy of England the mo-
ment he landed on her shore, with that of Geo..
Francis Train, who devoted himself to instruct-
ing the Irish people in their rights, and the
British government in its duties toward the
Green Isle, for which he was suffering imprison-
ment, while Johnson was hob-nobbiDg, and din-
ing, and wining, and passing compliments with
Ireland's and America's worst enemies.
A Train Club was formed, and the meeting
closed with great enthusiasm.
LETTER FROM THADDEUS .STEVENS.
The N. Y. Tribune says the following letter
was not made public until Wednesday evening,
the 30th of last month. Why it is given to the
world now, or at all, it is difficult to conceive
from any republican consideration. Its cen-
sures and rebukes are as just as severe, but
come too late. Sooner or later, and it will not
be very long, the doom pronounced in the clos-
ing period will be fully realized; for Heaven
still rules, whether the party be honest or
mean :
Washington, Saturday, June 27, 1867.
Deab Sib : I regret I cannot speak favorably of tbe
Chicago platform. It is like most of the republican
platforms for the past six years, lame and cowardly.
For twenty years before tbe war tbe North behaved like
poltroons in all their legislative controversies with
slavery. They have much more physical than moral
courage. Had it not been for a few determined men in
1861, the Union would have beon dissolved. Tbe re-
publicans have, as I said, great physical courage, and,
when driven to the test, will always conquer. They are
ju6t as timid now as they were before the warfor trade
might suffer. What did the bold men at Chicago gain
by selling the right of suffrage ? They tell me that the
loyal blacks at the South earned it by tbe aid they gave
us, but that when they have not made that purchase,
the right of suffrage remains at the pleasure of the
states. Now, the republican party knows that the De-
claration of Independence contains no such folly, no
such wickedness. I treat every man as a man, and the
right of universal suffrage as an inalienable right, long
suspended from neglect, and now, for the first time
since the forming of the Constitution of the United
Stales, capable of enforcement. You insult the shades
.of Adams, Otis, Jefferson, and their compeers, by talk,
ing to them about bartering the imperishable right of
the elective franchise. Why not traffic or sell tbeir
liie, liberty and souls ? This doctrine reduces all men
to soulless slaves or corpses. This question must be
met; the sooner it is done the more successful it will be.
There is one consolation. Tbe democrats can't find as
good candidates ; but from constant and long practice,
willmakeamuch more villanous platform. It is vain for
the republican party to hope to maintain their liberty
by skulking. Let them be bold and honest, and they
will learn that Heaven still rules. Let them be
cowardly and mean, and they will receive their reward
with the hewers of wood and drawers of water.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Thaddeus Stevens.
Eminent Women of the Age is the title of a
handsomely bound octavo volume of six hun-
dred and twenty pages, with a dozen excellent
engravings and sketches of about fifty women,
by twenty different authors. The selection of
subjects for sketches bas been confined chiefly
to American women.
So much has been said since the foundation
of the republic about th9 Pilgrim Fathers, to
the entire forgetfulness of the noble mothers,
that it is fitting some compensation should be
now made, by giving a due meed of praise to
the women of the present day. The generous
testimonials which this volume contains show
that the authors were equal to their task. It is
a deeply iuterestiug book, that once in hand
cannot be laid down. It is published at Hart-
ford, Conn., by _S. M. Betts & Co. We shall
give sketches from it from week to week, begin-
ning with Anna Dickinson. Every woman in
the country should give this volume a place in
her library, as it is a part of the living history
of our own day*
THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE CANDIDATES.
THE CANVASS IN ENGI4ND.
NO. XV.
Thebe are some very distinguished people
subscribing to the John Stuart Mill Election
Fund now being collected. Among the list of
ladies, we see the names of Mis. Harriet Mar-
tdneau, Mrs. Bodichon, Mrs. F. Pennington,
Mrs. Jacob Bright, Mrs. Henry Fawcett, Mrs.
James Stansfield and Mrs. Peter Alfred Taylor.
The last three mentioned are the wives of the
gentlemenMessrs. Fawcett, Stanfield and Tay-
who form a part of the 73 whe stood by Mr.
Mill on the Woman Suffrage vote. Gladstone,
Viscount Amberley, Henry Fawcett, Walter
Morrison,-Baron Rothschild and Goldwin Smith
are also on the list. *
Thomas Hughes is now making a thorough
canvass of the borough of Lambeth.
Lord Amberley, who formerly represented
Nottingham, and is now running in South De-
von, was lately complimented by a resolution,
passed at a large Liberal meeting in Notting-
ham, thanking him for past services to them
and the party he represents, and expressing a
wish for his success in his new division.
William S. Allen visited the borough of New-
castle-Under-Lyne, on September 16th, and
addressed a large meeting of 2,000 people, in the
covered garden, where a vote of confidence in
him was passed.
Isaac Holden, who, as we said last week, is
running in East Division of East Riding, has
commenced the canvass in earnest, having
spoken before over 2,000 people at Leeds, on the
15th of last month. A resolution pledging to
support him in November was passed, with but
10 or 12 dissenting.
The electors of Windsor have received the ad-
dress of Roger Eykyn. The Times says both
parties are sanguine of success.
The ODonoghue lately spoke before an en-
thusiastic audience in Dungarvan. The greatest
excitement prevailed, at last breaking forth
into a fight, during which, many persons were
hurt in various ways.
The -West Suirrey Times, in speaking of Guild-
ford Ouslow, who is before the people of Guild-
ford, says : By the new act, about 500 voters,
principally of the working class, have been add-
ed to the register, bringing the total number of-
'electors up to about 1,300. On the most care-
ful analysis which we can make of the register,
we can not see that Mr. Ouslow will have less
than 350 of the 500 new voters.
Whipping in School.The Commercial Adver
User thus severely, but not too severely, pro-
nounces upon the barbarous custom of whipp-
ing children in schools, and it might add or
any where else:
And new a word to the School Commissioners. Xt is
high time som'e check were placed upon the whipping
propensities of school principals, and we are hound to
say, especially of lady principals. The severity of their
treatment of children is a matter of loud complaint
among families; and, to say nothing of its positive
cruelty, is causing among children a dread of school,
and a repugnance to education, which materially inter -
-feres with their success. The scandal should he
promptly remedied.
'/ -------------------------
Woman's Size and Form.An artist has
measured the Venus de Medici and finds that,
allowance being made for her attitude, her
height is about 5 feet 2 inches (the actual height
of the statue is 4 feet 11 inches), while the
foot is exactly 9 inches long, rather more than


fUratutlau.
219
l-7th of the whole height. This, does not quite
agree with Vitruvius, says a critic, who gives
l-6th of the height as the proper length of the
foot; but it agrees with the measurements of all
the best statues. The greatest width of the foot
is 3 3-8th inches,i. e., l-18th of the height.
Here, then, says M. Bonomi, the artist named
above, we have a rule for shoemakers and for
shoe wearers. Any lady who compresses her
foot below these dimensions is not only giving
herself pain, but is putting herself out of
proportion.
WOMAN IN THE CALIFORNIA CHURCHES.
At the last meeting of the California Congre-
gational Association, the following resolution
was ably considered and then adopted almost
unanimously:
Resolved, That in the judgment of this Association,
it is neither unscriptural nor contrary to the spirit of
Congregationalism to allow to the women of our
churches the same privileges with respect to participa-
tion in our social religious meetings as are accorded to
men.
WOMANS RIGHTS AGAIN VICTORIOUS.
The Young Mens Christian Uniou of Nyack. es-
tablished on the broad basis of equal rights to all, with-
out regard to sex or color, celebrated their first anuiver"
sary on the evening of Sept. 30, in the Methodist Church
of that city.
Notwithstanding the fact that a Democratic rally was
being conducted vigorously m the town at the same time
and that a large Republican meeting was held at Pier-
mont, three miles below, the house was comlortably fill-
ed with. an intelligent and appreciative audience.
A prayer by the Rev. J. H. Fraser opened the proceed-
ings, after which the Rev. D. K. Lee, Susan B. Anthony,
and Sarah F. Norton, of New York, delivered short and
sprited addresses.
Mrs. Norton, a small, dark-complexioned woman, giv-
ing no outward indication of the ability and power which,
marked her delivery, electrified the audience with an ad-
dress that would compare favorably with that of some of
our best speakers. She was congratulated with hearty
hand-shaking before leaving the stand.
Miss Anthony, after her usual crisp andpilhy manner,
said that the politicians of both parties being constanly
employed in saving the country, had left it to her to save
the people. That Horace Greeley was all right, but his
time was employed in warding off some'terrible disaster*
which brought down the house.
The affair was important only as being the first
Christian association of men who admit women upon
equal terms.
Friends wishing to have a good word spoken
in their village will do well to secure the ser-
vices of Mrs. Norton,, She may be addressed at
this office.
WOMENS ENTERPRISES.
The Chicago Correspondent of the N. Y.
Evening Post, under the above head, says :
We have a large number of women who have shown
themselves capable of carrying oh sanitary fairs, hospi-
tals, orphans' homes, and like charities ; and they pro -
pose to go still further. From bookmaking and news-
paper correspondence and schoo 1-teaching, they took
another step by forming a Womans Association, in
which a good deal of strong, sensible talking has been
done, and now they must have an organand so,
on the first of next month, three of these ladies, well
known in works before mentioned, purpose to begin the
publication of The Sorosis, a newspaper devoted to the
interests of their sex, and independent in politics and
religion. As a source of local imforraation it will be
almost as good as a tea party, while as .au advocate of
Woman Suffrage, fair wages for women, and other
causes which are demanding attention, it will have its
due influence.
Another womans enterprise, and one which I think is
decidedly practicable, is the publication, by the esteem-
ed wife of one of our Judges now on the bench, of The
Chicago Legal News, a weekly paper, which will be de*
voted to legal matters, giving abstracts from the opinions
of our highest courts, decisions of our local courts in
important cases, and general news of interest to the
profession. There is no publication of the kiud in the
West; and the demand for it, as well as the ability and
energy of the lady who is to conduct it, will probably
ensure its success.
WORK AND WOMAN
Rev. Washington Gladden, it seems, has
tried his hand at writing on Woman, and we
judge, from the little we have seen of his book,
to much better purpose than did his near
neighbor, Dr. Todd. On the subject of work,
or avocation for women, be writes, among many
other good things, thus :
But what shall we do? I hear you ask. Nobleavo-
cations without number await laborers from among men.
But what shall women do ? Whatever they can do well.
The foolish customs of society have excluded women
from many avocations that they would have adorned.
But it is not necessary tor you to be governed by these
antiquated whims of society. Modestly but earnestly
claim for yourselves the right to do whatever work you
can do well, and to receive therefor the same wages that
men receive. Men can help but little in this matter if
you do not help yourselves, and when you do help your-
selves there will be plenty to help you. We might have
argued and debated for centuries about the fitness of
women for the medical profession, without coming to
any agreement, had not two or three women, by braving
tne prejudice against them, and toiling on year after
year, amidst discouragement and ridicule, earned the
diploma of the faculty and settled the question. The
number of those who will devote themselves to this
calling will yearly increase; and fifty years hence the
world will wonder how people could have lived so long
without female physicians. So it will be iu other call-
ings ; but each one must have its pioneers, and young
women must not be scared from their purpose to follow
the work they love best and can do best by that hydra-
headed monster, public opinion.
On dress and fashion he is, if possible, better
yet :
The idea of a uniformity of style is in itself absurd.
If the faces and figures of men and women were uni-
form, and changed uniformly from year to year, it
would be possible to have one style of dress for all; but
single men and women are so unlike, nothing can be
more ridiculous than that they should attempt to follow
one prevailing fashion. By the laws of fitness a large
lace should have a broad covering; but the fashion-
mongers ordain that bonnets shall be small this year,
and all over the world big, round faces stare out from
under little top-knots which only serve to aggravate
tlielr bulginess. Upon some ladies the tight basque is
always becoming, bat a stout damsel or a fat dowager
stuffed into a tight basque cannot look otherwise than
comical. And yet, if this garment happen to be the
style, thousands of the fat women put it on and go wad-
dling through the streets like perambulating grain-
bags Fink is a color becoming to a very few American
women; but if some shade of pink is the raging color,
the great multitude of sallow visages will be swathed in
it, making them look far more coppery and cadaverous
than they really are.
Judge for yourselves. If you find a garment which is
not all the rage, but which is more beautiful and more
becoming than those which happen to be fashionable,
dont be afraid to wear it, I beg you. Do not confess
yourselves the bond-slaves of this whimsical tyrant. Its
empire is becoming more fickle and more despotic year
by year; and the number of those who are its reasonless
servitors is increasing year by year. It is the sole au-
thority that many men and women obey. There are
hundreds of thousands who would sooner break Gods
law than the law of fashion. Some of you who are read-
ing this page would, I fear, speak falsehood or do in-
justice sooner than appear in the street in an antiquated
coat or a bonnet of last years style. That seems a harsh
statement, but it is true ; and can any truth be more
melancholy ? This tyranny of fashion over the bodies
and souls of men and women has become so galling that
it is the duty of all good people to protest with the
sternest emphasis against it, and to resist, by example
as well as word, its arrogant pretensions.
Miss Topper officiates as pastor of two Universaliet
churches of Meenah and Menasha, Wisconsin,
WASHINGTON LETTER.
Washington, Sept. 26,1868.
Dear Mbs. Stanton : Our annual meeting,
though small in numbers, having but a days
notice in the city papers, was earnest and
efficient, showing an increased determination
to prosecute the cause against all opposition
and difficulty. The business arrangements
were dispatched with great harmony, few
changes being made in the officers and none
m the constitution. The annual report which
was too lengthy for your columns, but not of
sufficient importance to publish in pamphlet,was
creditable to the first years efforts of an unpop-
ular cause at the capital of the nation, and the
plan of work laid out promises to improve upon
it in the coming year. The principal speeches,
by Mrs. Dr. Lockwood, Prof. Willcox, Col.
Hinton and Dr. Breed, were earnest, eloquent
atid bold. Mrs. Lockwood said, in speaking of
the laws in the District, that the woman who
had wealth and married hers, must be sure that
she married a man superior to the laws, or risk
the loss of all she possessed, as she had no ex-
istence in the statute-books, for both property
and children may, by will or other devise, be
conveyed to another, and she h as no' redress but
in the courts he has created and under the laws
he has made to protect him in this usurpation.
She claimed that herein was cause for discon-
tent, and woman could accept nothing short of
equal justice by equal safeguards, the most for-
midable of which was the elective franchise.
Which demand was shown, in the following
speech by Prof. Willcox, to be not only com-
mon to the growth of classes and individuals,
but of sufficient power to drive kings from their
thrones and Presidents from the hearts of the
people, if Kings and Presidents, like Louis
Phillippe and our own John Adams, oppose this
demand.
The sagacity of our leading women in striking
hands with the Industrial Congress, lately as-
sembled in New York,was highly commended by
by Col. Richard Hinton, who sees in this grand
movement, yet crude and weak, the bond of a
true democracy, and the corner-stone of liberty.
Dr. Breed, of earnest Quaker tendency, who has
boldly defied slavery and its encroachments in
this city for twenty years, a non-resisistant, with
large reserved forces, a poet, related to Whittier,
said, the question was not whether woman had
the right to complain of unequal laws or unequal
compensation for her labor, it. was thisdoes
man, in power, dare to do right ? Is there moral
courage enough in this government to say to
the women who have sacrificed husband and son,
and home and happiness for its salvation, Well
doneand to listen to their call for protection
from that government they have suffered most to
save. To our shame, he said, this is the question,
and he closed his eloquent appeal to the honor
of the nation, by reading a poem, expressive of
his own sentiment, which I hope you will publish,
to be read and treasured up by every mother of
the land, and to be taught to her children for a
parlor enrertainment or a school recitation. In
this way, good and beautiful sentiments should
be, like their evening prayer, bound close to their
tender hearts, fiom which must flow the good
or evil issues of life in all future time.
We shall now extend the interest in the work
of this District by parlor meetings and public
discussions, and hope, by the coming of Congress
in December, to be able to present several thou-
sand names of this city, and many thousands
from the states. By this time, the friends ot
impartial justice must^ see that this is our time


220
@b* gtvtfiitUtftt.
to work. In the coming four years, while the
foundations of society are upheaved, we must
purify and bring to a white heat the different
segments of agitation that go to make up the
higher civilization and weld them together on
the plane of suffrage to all American citizens.
In this event we have reconstructed a govern-
ment that shall exist by the consent of the
governed, that shall flourish through the united
energies and forces of a harmonious people, and
against which rebellion and treason shall never
again prevail
But we must have the help of individuals, or-
ganizations, and your invaluable**4 Revolution
to put the machinery at work early this winter.
j. s. G.
THE IMP BIS ONMEN T OF GEO. FRANCIS
TRAIN.
Dublin, Sept. 8lh, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
I receive your paper regularly with a few exceptions.
It is becoming a great success, diffusing everywhere
useful and instructive knowledge which has been here-
tofore buried in obscurity and unknown only to a few.
The only topic of news worthy of transmission is con-
cerniug Mr. Trains harsh and illegal imprisonment, and
the ersistent determination of his enemies in keeping
him bottled up in violation of every principle ot law and
justice. Indeed they have him corked up tight, for
there are no less than four wardens, a cordon of police-
men, and three detective officers around his prison, and
at the entrance door, and more than twenty police sta-
tioned round the building. Notwithstanding, lie has
got a safety valve from which a good deal of steam es-
capes in the form of addresses. Jail Journal or Train
Extra, which contains epigrams such as Britons never
will be slaves, Up with the green and down with the
M.P.s, The Anti-Irish Bench, or the rottenness of
English justice, England eating Ihe leek, and many
others of greater importance. This Journal alone is
creating the wildest excitement and enthusiasm on the
part of the people. Nearly 5,000 copies were published
and sold last week. It has put the damper on the sale
of the other National Journals. TVie news boys are
making a harvest of them. I called into Mrs. Rountrees,
the patriotic wife of Mr. Rountree, an American citizen,
who is suffering for his country in mi English Bastile ;
she keeps a fine stationers shop. She told me that she
could not supply half the number who applied to her.
The national papers are copying those epigrams. Tbe
government are becoming alarmed lest it will arise the
people to a state of revolution. The editor of the Tip-
perary Advocate ordered some thousands for Tipperary.
A grand address of artistic style and of elegant work-
manship was lately presented to Mr. Train by a Com-
mittee of the National Teachers Association of Ireland
and it has created a tremendous sensation on ihe part of
the government. Detective officers were sent to his cell
to make inquiries about it, but as Mr. Traiu is not of tbe
Couydon or Massey stamp tbey were obliged to depart
without receiving any information. In fact it .has
caused intense feeling of anxiety and uneasiness on
the part of the British government. It is the opinion of
many here that Mr. Train will make England eat the
leek, and that probably it will lead to a Causa Belli be-
tween the two governments. His case is to come on
again on Friday next, but it is difficult at present to
know what the result may be. The people of these
kingdoms, particularly Ireland, are already influenced
by the good advice of Mr. Trainthat of not voting at
the coming elections ; for there exists to a great ex-
tent a kind of apathy and indifference on the part of the
people as to the registration of votes, so that a great many
both in England and Ireland have allowed their claims to
go by default. In fact, thepsoplehero are more interest-
ed in the presidential election of America, and they
look more hopefully in that direction, for the liberation
and redemption of their nal ive land from English tyra-
ny and domination, and it is hoped that the Irish (Fe-
nian) element will vote none but the party who will
make England lick the dust, by paying the Alabama
claims, release her prisoneis and restore Ire'aDd her
national independence. The people here regret very
much that Mr. Train was deprived of the opportunity of
being home in time for the presidential campaign. Mr.
Train has changed his programme. His advice to the
Fenians in America is now on to Canada, and if they
dont exactly kill the British lion they will have the sat-
isfaction of cutting off his limbs. Then you know after
that comes death.
With best regards, believe me sincerely yours as
usual. f. x. b.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US.
Mount Vernon, N. Y., Sept. 20th.
Editors of (he Revolution:
The letter of T. D. in the World, in reply to a commu-
nication from Mrs. D. C. Watts, of Mount Vernon, in
which she accuses some one of causing her name to
appear in your paper without ber consent, settles, at
once, the question of responsibility.
Facts are stubborn things. There is an old adage, pos*
sessed of more Irvih than beauty, that every tub should
stand on its own bottom. For truths sake, I shall set
this one right side up.
On my way to the meeting, for companys sake, I called
for Mrs. Watts, knowing it was her purpose to attend.
Not being very well, she had abandoned the idea of
going, but not so her daughter ; however, she concluded
to go, if I would wait a few moments for her ; becoming
impatient of the delay, I started without her.
Overtaking me, she apologized by saying, she had
been persuading two lady friends to go with her, and
they did go at her solicitation. She then called for her
sister, securing her attendance ; from thence she went
for Mrs. Livingston, thus rallying four ladies beside her-
self and daughter.
She now demands to be counted out from among
the strong-minded women of Mount Vernon, I am
quite sure she has made the demand none too soon, for
one so weak and vascillating would only bring reproach
and contempt on any great reformatory movement, with
which she might chance to be associated.
Surely, her ,fevil spirits must have had control*
when she penned that letter.
Yours, for truth and justice,
Mart H. Macdonald.
LI1ERARY.
Packards Monthly for October has come holding
its own if not improving on tne past Oliver Dyer, James
Parton, Olive Logan and Elihu Burritt arc among the
contributors. Olive Logan has a characteristic article en-
titled Us, meaning as she puts it, Ourselvesof Course
Women. Our readers may taste of it next week. If sour
they will find it pleasant sour, or if sweet, a very little
bitter. As to the suffrage, she is not quite up to the
mark. She evades rather than meets the questioh. Two
or three stepping-stone6 bring her over it dry shod. She
says:
Let us not talk about the political aspectat all. There
are but few women who care to vote just for votings
sake; but every true woman cares for her sexs advance-
ment in the direction of a self-respecttui independence,
and that includes the art of earning her own bread.
The last is true enough, but how about the first state-
ment? How does she know most women do not cure
to vote? In the presence of their husbands they may
say they do not care to vote. In the presence of Olive
Logan they might say the same, but most women will
tell the advocates of Woman Suffrage wben alone, that
they do long to be clothed with the power of the ballot,
it not for voting's sake, at least for their own sake. The
slaves in the presence of their masters would declare to
a foxy priest, or Paul Pry politician from the Northern
states, that they didnt want to be freeO no t But they
didn't tell Gen. Shermans army so. Not tbey. But
Miss Logan is, perhaps, quite near the truth w saying :
The one thing which most needs revolutionizing, to
the end that woman may be free and independent, is the
prevalent idea on the subject of marriage. Woman's
ideas on that subject, no less than mens, be it distinctly
understood.
But what she says under that head, and also some
thoughts on baby-tending, will make us a column for
next week.
Exit of Caliban and Shylock. A tale of Captive
lady, Knight, Tourney and Crusade. Philadelphia: A.
Wincb, 505 Chestnut street. A large octavo pamphlet of
nearly a hundred and fifty pages, treating of the Woman
Question in more aspects than any other work of its
size yet produced. Its price is 75 cents, one-third too
much, most buyers will think, and not unreasonably.
And yet we venture to say, tbat those who do like it, will
never complain of its cost. It will have foes, too, as
well as friends, as readers of The Revolution will
see, and perhaps become, should we give them some
specimens of its pages, as we hope to do soon.
The American Missionary. Published monthly by the
American Missionary Association, 53 John street, New
York. 60 cents a year. An interesting journal, too; toler-
ant and liberal as possible from its own point of vision.
It says:
The Catholics arc laboring among the Freedmen in
Baltimore. In their schools and churches, white and
black sit together. The priests openly declare tbat as
God makes no distinction, the church cannot.
Herald of Health for October. New Tork : Miller*
Wood, & Co., Publishers, 13 & 15 Laight street. General
agents, tbe American News Co., tbe New York News Co.
$2 per annum. Single copy, 20 cents, and every num-
ber worth tbe price of the whole year. There are Maga-
zines professedly devoted to various subjects, but which
carry little evidence of any high purpose beyond the in-
terests of tbe proprietors and publishers. No one who
reads attentively'the Herald of Health, will fail to see tna*
he himself is the largest sharer in the profits.
Hortense. The Last of a Noble Name. A romance
of real life. By Emily Pierpont De Lesdernier. New
York : Wentworth, Maxwell & Co. This lady has written
a novel which purports, we believe, to be chiefly founded
on events in her own history. If this be the case, it is a
matter of astonishment that the story is not a more
natural one. Its incidents for the most part, are located
in the South and in New York, but the characters and
manners contained therein, never had their prototype
short of a sensational stage-play. There is much prepos-
terous talk about emotions/ spiritual affinities,
etc. Plantation negroes figure as Ethiopian servants. *
There is much heroic phraseology, as thou and
thine, a mode of expression not used by the Ameri-
cans, except among the Quakers, etc. The book displays
a poetical immagination and good descriptive ability, but
is quite too fine to be true.
The Radical for October is here with a whole larder
full of good things; a real autumn harvest, and yet, like
the Tree of Life in tbe Fatmos vision, yielding its fruit
every month. Whoever would be religiously free as
well as spiritually pure, should be its patron. $3 a year_
Address Radical, 25 Broomfield street/ Boston.'
A Pszche of To-Day. By Mrs. C. Jenkyn, New York :
Leypolt & Holt. This touching story gives an insight
into social life in France, which impresses tbe reader at
once to be without exaggeration. It illustrates, the evil
consequences of a marriage de raison. Of the union Of
a blase man of tbe world to an ardent and inexperienced
girl. Tbe incidents are pathetic, and the characters ex-
ceedingly natural, if we except that of Hubert. The
book shows a keen insight into human motives and
human weaknesses, and contains many of those terse sen-
tences, forcible and suggestive, that 6igulaize many of
tbe French novelists.
Abduction of Mary Ann Smith by the Roman Catho-
lics, and her imprisonment in a nunnery for becoming a
Protestant. By Rev. H. Matlison, D.D., Jersey City, N. J.,
published by the author. A pamphlet of a hundred and
fifty pages, containing the testimony in tbe case, de-
cisions of court, correspondence respecting the forged
letter, a portrait of Father Doane, and a brief history
of several other similar cases; also a large amount
of information besides the history, important to be
known. Price 50 cento.
Smoking and Drinking. By James PartoD. Boston:
Ticknor & Fields. New York: 63 Bleeker street. A hand-
some and very valuable pamphlet of a hundred and
fifty pages. Every young man should own and study it
and lend or read it to every old man, especially every
one who uses intoxicating liquors or tobacco.
Forty-Seventh Annual Report of the Mercantile library
Association of the City of New York. Pp. 44. Elegantly
printed by Willard Felt & Co.
The Sunday-School Teacher. Devoted to ihe inter-
ests of Sunday-Schools. Chicago: Adams, Blackmer &
Lyon, No. 155 Randolph street. TermsYearly sub-
scription $1.50, invariably in advance. Single numbers
15 cents.
The Massachusetts Teaoher. A journal of Home
and sohool education. Published in Boston by tbe
Massachusetts Teaohers Association, $1,60 per annum


221
The Health Reformer. Truly named. Battle Creek,
Michigan. Published by the Health Reformer Institute.
Price $1 per year. Single numbers 12 cents.
The Ladies Repository. A Religious and Literary
Magazine for the home circle. Boston: Universaiist Pub-
lishing house, 37 Cornbill. $2.50 a year.
The Excelsior monthly magazine and Public Spirit,
devoted to the elevation of the race. $2.50 per annum.
Olmstead & Wellwood, New York and Brooklyn.
Proceedings of the first annual meeting of The Reli-
gious Association held in Boston, May 28 and 29, 1868.
Pp. 120. Adams & Co., 25 Broomfield street, Boston.
Let the women who have all the rights they
want read this from the N. Y. Sun, and remem-
ber the multitudes outside the pale of social
consideration :
THE WAGES OF WORK AND SIN.
The other day an interesting childfor she was really
no moreexcept that she was precocious in wickedness,
went into the working Women's Home, Franklin street,
when the following dialogue took place between her and
one of the Superintendents ;
SuperintendentWhats your name ?
GirlMary Thompson.
SuperintendentHow old are you ?
MaryNearly sixteen.
SuperintendentWhere and with whom do you live ?
MaryIn Eldridge street, with my mother.
SuperintendentWhat can we do for you ?
MaryGet me some work, please.
SuperintendentWhere have you been working ?
Mary (hesitatingly)In a concert saloon.
Superintendent (astonished)Where ?
MaryCorner of Chatham street and the Bowery.
SuperintendentThats it, eh ? Why did you leave it ?
MaryWell, you see, I got into a row there ; two men
came in one night, and I heard them say they were going
to rob a young man who was kind to me, when I told
them I wouldn't let them, and then for spite they said I
stole money from them. I was taken to the Tombs, and
the Judge, after discharging me, sent me hereto look for
work.
SuperintendentWhere were you before going to the
saloon ?
MaryIn a factory.
SuperintendentWhy did you leave it ?
MaryBecause I only got $3 a week, and my sister
got the same, but it wasnt enough to support us, and we
could make a great deal more as waiter girls.
SuperintendentHow much were you paid at the sa-
loon?
Mary$3 a week and what we could make.
SuperintendentWhat do you mean by what you
could make ?
MaryWell, you see, ma'am, we were allowed five
cents on every drink, and then the young men treated
us, and when they gave us a dollar, if they were spunky
and decent, they would not take back the change ; be-
side we got lots of jewelry, brooches, earings, etc.
(This was evident, for she wore a great deal.)
SuperintendentHow much did you make a week ?
MaryWell, from $15 to $18, according to trade. If it
was good, wed go up to $20, and then again we'd go
down to $10.
SuperintendentBut isn't it wicked?
Mary (hanging down her head)I suppose so, maam,
but it is hard to be hungry.
SuperintendentWould you like to leave the saloon ?
MaryYes, ma'am, if I can make enough to live upon
and help my poor mother. My sister is in the saloon
yet.
The upshot was (hat Mary was sent to work whore she
mav make from $3 to $4 a week. Nothing has since
been heard of her. She may have returned to iniquity,
in the saloon, since the ways of wickedness are pleasant
and profitable in comparison with the hard work, small
pay, and tbe sneers and snarling which are the lot of
too many factory girls. Poor Mary ? she is a good sub-
ject for some of the effervescing pity and philanthropy
that just now is going round loose in John Allens neigh-
borhood. Her address can be had at the Working
Womens Union.
Large establishments that will secure to wo-
men and girls profitable employments will do
more to save them from destruction than all
the prayer-meetings that can be organized in I
Wbt fUvoIuUfltt;
the John Allen dance-houses, Work is wor-
ship, says Emerson.
WHAT WOMEN ARE DOING.
England.While Mr. Ayrton, who is running for
Parliament, was speaking lately"at a large meeting, after
being questioned by individuals in the audience on va-
rious topics, a Miss Harriet Law rose from her seat
and asked the Honorable gentleman if he were to be re-
turned, bow he would vote on the Woman Suffrage ques-
tion ; and reminded him, that 16 years ago, the women
were said by him to be already governing by advising ;
so that if they governed now without a vote, what harm
would there be in giving them the franchise. Accord-
ing to tbe London News, instead of answering tbe strong
point made against him, he went back to that most
weighty argument, It is a more honorable position for
a woman to be a wife. At tbe close of tbe meeting,
Miss Law again attempted to make Mr. Ayrton answer
her question, but was refused the floor by tbe ungen-
tlemanly chairman. We admire the pluck of Miss Law ;
and her example should be followed not only in Eng-
land, but in America ; for it is mainly by agitation that
we are to succeed.
Among the claimants to be placed on tbe voters list in
Chelsea, was the name of Frances Power Cobbe, which
was refused.
A correspondent of tbe London News, writing from
Ndrwich, in speaking of a female telegrapher of that
place, who was to be discharged for some reason not
stated says : I have sent and received a large number
of messages during the last 5 years, and never once had
a mistake or hitch of any kind.
Miss Burdett Coutts, the wealthy English lady, has
offered £500 as a prize for the cultivation of the cotton
plant,
Scotland.At Keithhall, near Aberdeen, a little child
fell into a well 15 feet deep. The alarm being given, her
grandmother, regardless of personal danger, threw her-
self in also, and with the greatest exertions kept herself
and the child above water until help arrived. But her
work was in vain, as the child had expired before she
reached her. This was a brave woman, who. according
to some mens opinions, jumped out of her sphere, in
endeavoring to rescue a human being from destruction.
Cheering Symptoms,The Com. Advertiser truly says
it must be cheering to the advocates of the rights of
women to note in various ways and directions, symp-
toms of a change of popular sentiment in their favor.
Nowhere has that recognition been more complete and
satisfactory than at the National Labor Congress assem-
bled in New York. Women have participated conspicu-
ously at its council board, and their influence has been
powerfully felt throughout the discussions. To a ma-
jority of the male delegates it has seemed just and prop-
er that they should be heard upon those great labor
questions, which are of vital interest to the thousands
of working women who are struggling for a livelihood in
our city.
Women Students in Russia.The Pall Mall Gazette
says :
It has been stated of late that a university for wo-
men is about to be founded in Russia. Such is not ex-
actly the case, but it is true that public classes for fe-
male students will probably be organized there before
long. During several years the lectures delivered by the
professors of the University of St. Petersburg were open
to the public ; and this privilege was so appreciated,
that during the course of 1859 and 1860 between two
and three thousand persons regularly attended them,
and among these were a great number of women. But
the year 1861 brought with it those student disturban-
ces which resulted in the closing of the University;
and when it w as reopened new regulations had been
made, by which women were excluded from its classes.
The only subject which they could now study in public
was that of medicine, tor the medical faculty in St.
Petersburg forms a separate academy, independent of
the University. A number, however, of the female medi-
cal students went abroad, especially to Switzerland ; as,
for instance, Mile. Suslof, who recently obtained a doc-
tors diploma from the University of Zurich, and who
has subsequently received permission to practice at St.
Petersburg with the privileges accorded there to foreign
medical practitioners.
During the present year an important agitation has
taken place among the women of St. Petersburg, in favor
of public instruction. Several German newspapers have
stated that a petition bearing four hundred female sig-
natures has been presented to tbe Minister of Public In-
struction, praying that classes might be opened for wo-
men in tbe University, and that the Minister has refus-
ed to grant their prayer, considering their tendencies to
he (nihilistic. But in reality no such petition has been
laid before him, tbe Russian government not. favoring
such demonstrations. What really has occurred is
this : more than even four hundred women have sent
letters first to the council of professors, and then to the
rector of the University of St. Petersburg, begging for
permission to attend tbe lectures on philology and na-
tural science, and offering to pay for the privilege.
The council replied that it fully sympathized with
their wish, but that tbe public classes were closed
against them by law. As regarded the opening of tbe
new classes, however, the professors would be perfect-
ly willing to give lectures to them, if only the intend-
ing students could obtain the necessary permission
from the minister of Public Instruction, and fitting ac-
commodation could be provided for them. There the
matter rests at present, but it is understood that meas-
ures are being taken to obtain tbe requisite permission,
and it is expected that, if tbe classes are opered, (hey
will be attended by a very large number of female stu-
dents.
Miss Julia Crouoh of Mystic, Conr., is speaking be-
for enlarge audiences in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and
Connecticut, and everywhere enthusiastically received.
The Norwich (Ct.) papers speak very highly of her
ability.
V -------
Miss Mary E. Kelsey, of this City, aged 17, just grad-
uated from the Massachusetts State Normal School at
Westfield, attended the New Jersey State fair at Waverly
last week, and sold Fancy wood ware "to the amount
of $100. Good work for four days.
The Boston Commonwedllk says : The New England
Womens Club propose to have a series of evening en-
tertainments, social and intellectual, during the coming
season, at which articles of interest are expected from
Mr. R. W. Emerson, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe. Mr. Henry
James, and other distinguished literary' persons. The
olub is quite prosperous. Their rooms in Tremont
Place are convenient and very attractive.
Miss Rollins, a Charleston (colored) lady, has written
a biography of Major Delaney. Lee and Shepard pub-
lish it on the authors account. The Major was the first
pure black ever commissioned in the United States army.
He owed his elevation to the friendship of ex-Secretary
Staunton.
Mrs. Moses Burr, of Weston, Conn., finding a burglar
in hei house, pitched into him, defeated him and se-
cured his bundle.
Mbs. Ames is engaged on abustof tbe late John A.
Andrew for the Boston State House.
Miss Major Pauline Cushman is dramatizing in
Massachusetts.
Twenty-three ladies applied for admission to Wabash
College, Indiana, but were rejected on account of sex.
Twenty two Unitarian societies have chosen women
delegates to attend the National Conference of Unitarian
churches which met in this city Oct. 6th. Most of the
Unitarian local conferences admit women as delegates oq
tiie same footing as men. Some of the new Unitarian
Societies choose women as trustees, and a woman has
been admitted as student in the present junior class in
the Unitarian Theological School, at Meadville, Pa. Mrs.
C. H. Dali and Miss Mary Grew have been cordially wel-
comed as preachers in some Unitarian pulpita.
Sophxnisba Angosoiola, or Angussala, was an Italian
lady, of a noble Cremonese family, born in 1535, mani-
fested an early love of drawing, and was put under the
tuit on of Gatii. In a short time she became a comple te
mistress of painting, and acquired a high reputation
Phillip n. invited her to Spain, patronized her liberally
and gave her in marriage to Don Fabricio de Moncada,
who took her to Sicily, his native country. After bis
death, she married a noble Genoese. At the age of sixty
seven, she lost her sight; but she continued to bo the
charm of the enlightened society which she collected
arouDd her. She died at Genoa, about 1620.
The Jewess alleged to have been abducted in Wales
by a Baptist preacher, writes that it is all bosh: she
apostatized of her own accord, and into 8 to remain
apoBtatic.


222

MONEY.
Will our good friend B. Wilder tel lus of
what advantage it is to the people to liave the
currency of the country convertible into gold
and silver ? The use of money we all agree is
to facilitate exchanges by serving as a measure
of value, and the most important requsite is in-
variability. This can be secured only by a
fixed amount being coined or issued by the peo-
ple acting through the General government, and
in fact the coining of money is a power especial-
ly reserved by the Constitution, and it seems to
me that to allow the issuing of Bank, promises
to pay as a substitute for money is a clear eva-
sion of this provision. Under a monarchical or
despotic government, there is an advantage in a
metalic currency, because it prevents the gov-
ernment from swindling the people. But where
the people are the government and have no
motive to cheat themselves, no such reason ex-
ists. What more important function can the
government perform than to supply the people
with a cheap, uniform, invariable measure of
value? Why should the people permit a few
private individuals to have a monopoly of sup-
plying a dear, various and variable currency
when they can easily have a true money at the
cost of issuing it ? To be an exact measure of
value no more necessitates that the money
should have intrinsic value, than that a yard-
stick or a peck measure should be made of gold
or silver to be a good measure. What the peo-
ple want is a money that will always buy at cost
a definite number of hours labor in whatever
form. *Not a money convertible into any especial
form of merchandise, as gold or silver, but a
means of buying all kinds of products, or, in
other words of making equitable exchanges. Our
present system of money favors inequitable ex-
changes, giving the advantage to those who spec-
ulate and greatly spoliating those who produce.
The real standard of value is the amount of labor
it costs to produce anything, and it is that which
determines the real value of gold and silver,
though those metals have long had a factitious
value owing to their use as money.
At the present tims I believe they are valued
at more than they cost, as compared with corn
or wheat for example, the cost of production
having of late years varied much more than
that of grain, and it seems likely, that gold, at
least, will before long be got at a considerable
less cost than heretofore, causing a fluctuation
in the present standard greater than the fluc-
tuation in, say, the cost of corn. By taking an
hours labor as the unit all injustice is avoided.
It is a disgrace to a mighty nation like ours to
have a currency which professes to be some-
thing it is not; of which the dollar is only
seventy cents while pretending to be a hundred.
To continue to use such a currency is to ac-
custom ourselves to believe that a lie is as good
as the truth, but to substitute for this a sort of
currency that is only different in being an un-
detected lie is not a radical reform.
Bank notes promising to pay specie dollars are
very well to buy as only a few people ask for their
payment, but their goodness all depends on that;
and all lies are bad, and this particular kind is
one of those blunders that is worse than a crime,
because unnecessary and injurious to every-
body but speculators, or to call a snade a spade,
gamblers. Although legislation cannot deter-
mine how much money one section or another
of the country may require, it is quite possi-
ble to tell by careful statistics about how much
to oney the whole country will require. Sup-
pose that it is decided to be five hundred mil-
lions of dollars, taking to commence with a sil-
ver dollar as the standard provisionally. If
that should prove a little too much, the paper
dollar would be worth a little less than the
silver, or, in other words, prices would ad-
vance slightly. By calling in a portion of this,
the paper dollar could be made to be worth
more than a silver dollar, or, in other words,
prices would recede a little.
The natural laws of trade would soon settle
the question as to the accuracy of the precalcu-
lation of the amount of money required. If the
amount were fixed for 3 or 5 years, the average
would be probably about right, at all events it
would be easy to make such a currency self-reg-
ulating. One of the last things that ought to
be taxed is tbe money of the country, which is
the very life-blood of civilization, and in a really
civilized country would be furnished to the peo-
ple at cost. Metalic money and its representa-
tives are relics of barbarism, and, when the finer
instincts of Woman take their true place and
wield their due influence, will be swept away
with other relics of the dead past. May Heaven
speed the day! F. S. Cabot.
TEE MONEY QUESTION.
BY L. A. HINE.
The National Labor Union is undoubtedly in.
error on the money question. Three-fourths of
the delegates will acknowledge that the high
claim insisted upon over and again on tho plat-
form, that money monopoly is the principal
cause of the unjust distribution of the products
of industry, is a very serious exaggeration.
The soil being the original and the chief source
of all wealth, of course its monopoly is the
principal cause of the grossly unequal distribu-
tion of the property and income of the country.
And yet the Labor Congress refused to declare
a proposition for abolishing land monopoly!
At least, the Committee on platform unani-
mously (except one) refused to report such a
proposition, and it was deemed useless to at-
tempt to bring it before the body. The fact
that a Labor Congress does not make the total
abolition of this monopoly one of its chief ob-
jects is very surprising.
On the contrary, it directs its energies chiefly
to a Secondary measure. The declarations of
the Union concerning money, are, in the opin-
ion of this writer, very absurd, and most un-
fortunately calculated to injure the cause.
The advocates of an exclusive and forever in-
convertible paper money hold that interest is
the great swindle of labor, and that a suffi-
cient amount of irredeemable paper money
would bring down interest to less than two per
cent.1 and 1-10 per cent, being thought to be
all that money can rightfully command. This,
is the gist of the money plank in the platform.
It is held by this writer to be absurd for the
following among many other reasons.
1. An inconvertable paper money would be
utterly worthless except so far as it shall receive
value as a circulating medium by arbitrary
power. The interposition of arbitrary power
against the natural order of things always has,
does now, and will forever produce shocking re-
sults. The existing rates of interest together
with all the oppressions of capitol, are exclu-
sively the result of arbitrary and despotic pow-
er which, whenever and wherever exercised,
produces slavery.
2. An irredeemable paper money, with no
payor, nor no promise to pay, would be infinite-
ly more absurd than was the old Spartan iron
money; and the attempt to make such paper
money supplant gold and silver as a measure of
values would encounter a far greater failure
than did iron money, because the latter posess-
ed some value. The object of Sparta was to
destroy avarice. The object of the paper scheme
of the National Union is to destroy interest and
to secure to labor its just share of its own pro-
ductions.
Had the Union declared that nothing short of
all is the fair share of labor, and that the aboli-
tion of land monopoly, the reform of unjust
laws, the universal co-operation of the working
men in self-employment, and the triumph of
education would make producers of all the
people and secure all thiugs to all laborers,
it would have driven the blade directly to the
heart of all wrong, and the result of such a
policy would be to make every man and woman
a capitalist, and to reduce interest to a merely
nominal rate.
3. Even an inflated paper currency with a
payor and a promise to pay cannot be a measure
of values except as gold and silver, the univer-
sal measure possessing a definite intrinsic va-
lue, first measure the paper and tell the holder
how much it shall measurehow long his gov-
ernment sealed yard-stick really is.
It is true that a greenback dollar now mea-
sures about 3s pounds of coffee, but the coffee
was first measured by gold ; the greenback is
also measured by gold and the dealer charges
the difference to the price of the coffee on selling
it for a greenback dollar. This is the case with
everything, and the more the currency is in-
flated the less coffee will a legal tender dollar
measure. The worth of the greenback largely
depends upon the promise to pay and the abil-
ity of the government to pay it. What, then,
will be the worth of the true greenback
with no payor, nor no security for its redemp-
tion, but on the contrary, with the avowal that
it never shall be redeemed?
It does appear to this writer that such a cur-
rency as is contemplated by the Union is a
sham even more palpable than the money shams
which it is the object of reform to abolish. .
But as every editor now prizes communica-
tions in proportion to their brevity, I will close
for this time and perhaps pursue the subject
hereafter. Though I differ so widely from the
Union on this question, I shall none the less
heartily co-operate with it in the great work of
Labor Reform. Let it be understood that I am
for a greenback currency exclusive of all other
paper money.
PAPEE CURRENCY.
A good deal has been said respecting the in-
flation of the currency, and the New York
Times of the 30th ult. contains a leader in which
regret is expressed that the workingmen should
have adopted the idea that their condition
would be improved by what it is pleased to call
an inconvertible paper currency. Now, we have
never had, except in case of the greenbacks,
any paper money that was a legal tenderand
the greenbacks are imperfect money, because
they will not pay,interest on the debt, nor cus-
tom duties. Had the government made them
a tender for all debts, public and private, and
given us enough of them to transact the whole
business of the country, we should have had no
I trouble .about the premium on gold. We could
have sent our bullion abroad to pay for foreign


aU'Vfttutifftt.
223
imports; for we should have had a good cir-
culating medium at home without any specie.
In the plan proposed by the Labor Congress,
the money is convertible not into specie, but into
interest-bearing government bonds, and any-
body curious upon the subject of the necessity
of having money convertible into specie had
better read Edward Kelloggs New Monetary
System [noticed in Revolution, July 30],
where, we think, he will find it demonstrated
that the value of money, gold, silver or paper,
does not depend upon its material but upon its
legal powersand that gold and silver being
scarce and difficult to procure are not suitable
materials for moneynot more suitable than
they would be for making bonds and mortgages
and promisory notes.
We believe that a complete revolution in the
plan of instituting money is inevitable. Uponin-
vestigation, the use of gold and silver as money
will be found relics of barbarism, and since the
working people of this country are becoming
alive to the fact that they are made unjustly the
servants of capital by this means, there is no
doubt that they will change the present system.
Kellogg says :
The common opinion that the material of a currency
must be something scarce and difficult to procure, that
the limited amount may render it permanently valuable,
arises from a misconception of the nature of money, the
properties of which are entirely independent of the ma-
terial. Money consists in the legal powers to represent,
measure, accumulate, and exchange property and pro-
ducts. It receives its powerp from law. If gold and
silver should become as abundant as iron and lead, the
only difficulty in maintaing them the materials of a cur-
rency, would be the difficulty of protecting them from
counterfeit. Could they be protected, it would be as un-
necessary to abandon them for a currency on account of
their abundance, as to abandon the use of paper in mak-
ing obligations, because more exists than can be used
for that purpose. If the quantity of gold and silver
were unlimited, and that part of it which was needed
for a currency were made a lien upon and representative
of property, there would be really as great a difference
between the value ot the metals so used and bullion, as
there now is between a paper obligation that is a lien
upon valuable property and a piece of blank paper.
m.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows : Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturday, 26, 12% 142% 141% 142%
Monday, 28, 142% 142% 141% 141%
Tuesday, 29, 141% 141% 141% 141%
Wednesday, 30, 141% 141% 141% 141%
Thursday, Oct 1 ,140% 140% 139% 140%
Friday, 2. 139% 140% 139% 139%
Saturday, 3, 140% 140% 139% 140
Monday, 5, 140% 140% 139% 140
THE MONEY MARKET
was more active in the early part of the week, with an in-
creased demand, thereby causing a stringency somewha*
similar to that experienced at the corresponding period
of last year. This Is owing to the uncertain and eccen-
tric movements of the Assistant Treasurer in his secret
sales of gold to large amounts, notwithstanding his as-
surances to the contrary to the public, combined with
.the stockjobbing bear clique combination in locking up
greenbacks. On Friday the extreme point of stringency
in the money market was reached, the minimum rate for
call loans being 7 per cent, in currency, and ranging as
high as % and % percent per day, and 7 per cent in
gold. At the close, however, the market became easier
and call loans were made at 7 per cent, in currency and
4 to 6 per cent, on governments, with exceptional trans-
actions by foreign firms at 3 per cent. Prime business
notes are discounted at 7 per cent. The general impres-
sion now is, that the pinch is over, as alter delivery hour
at the dose, the offerings of money were abundant. The
weekly bank statement shows a decrease in all the items.
The loans $1,719,676, the specie $846,148, the deposits
$7,149,167 and the legal tenders $3,347,129.
The following table shows the changes in the New
Tor's city banks compared with the preceding week :
the foreign exchange market
was steady but inactive at the close. Prime bankers 60
days sterling bills are quoted at 108% to 109, and sight
109 to 109%. Francs on Paris bankers long 5.18% to
5.17% and ihort 5.16% to 5.15.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was active and strong at the close, with an increased dis-
position to buy as money became easier. The chief
feature in the market was Pacific Mail, which advanced
6 per cent., owing to the scarcity of the stock for delivery.
Reading. Fort -Wayne, Pittsburg, Rock Island, and the
North West shares were active. Erie and New York Cen-
tral were strong at the close.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations :
Cumberland, 80 34 ; W., F. & Co., 80% to 31; Ameri-
can, 48% to 49% ; Adams, 51% to 52%; United States*
48 to 49% ; Merchants Union, 22% to 22% ; Quicksilver,
22 to 22%; Mariposa, 5 to 5; Mariposa, preferred, 16%
to 16%; Canton, 48% to 49%; Pacific Mail, 121%to-122;
W. U. Tel., 35% to 36; N. Y. Central, 129% to 129%; Erie,
48% to 48% ; preferred, 70 to 71; Hudson River, 85 to
35%; Reading, 95% to 95%; Wabash, 61% to 62; Mil. &
St. P., 95% to 96; do. preferred 95 to 95%; Fort Wayne,
112 to 112% ; Ohio & Miss., 29% to 29% ; Mich. Cen.,
118% to 119 ; Mioh. South, 84% to 84%; 111. Central, 147
to 149; Pittsburar, 87 to 87 %; Toledo, 102% to 102%
Rock Island, 103% to 103%; North Western, 89 to 89%;
do preferred, 89% to 89% ; B. W. Power, 15 to 15% ;
B., H. & Erie, 23% to 23% : Bkrs & B. As., 108 to 109.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
advanced on all the issues, owing to the sudden easing
up of the money market, and the dealers are buyers.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations:
Reg. 1881, 112% to 112%; Coupon, 1881, 113% to
113% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 104% to 105 ; Coupon, 5-20
1862,112% to 113 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864,110% to 110%;
Coupon, 6-20,1865,110% to 110% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865,
Jan. and July, 108% to 108%; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
108% to 108%; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 109 to 109%;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103% to 104 ; 10-40 Coupon, 104%
to 104%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for tbe week were $2,408,429 in gold against $3,460,526
$2,921,000 and $3,185,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $6,733,633
in gold against $4,098,501 $5,613,175 and $4,222,255 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $2,686,708 in currency against $2,599,006 $3,163-,
024, and $3,074,642 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $283,123, against $104,468,
$646,890 and $329,525 for the preceding weeks.
CALIFORNIA, SAN FRANCISCO,
EAGLE LODGING HOUSE.
FIRE-PROOF BRICE BUILDING,
528 Commercial st., first door above Leidesdorff.
NEAT, COMFORTABLE, CHEAP I AND SAFE
Single Rooms 25 cts. per Nigbt,
And less rates by the week. Clean Beds ready at all
hours, Day and Night. Spring Mattresses in
all the Rooms. Five popular Restaur-
ants withiu a block of the house.
SHERMAN <£ TAPPAN, Proprietors.
Besides the usual accommodations of a first class
house, we furnish all requisite facilities lor writing,
bathing, shaving, boot-blacking, mending, etc., etc.,
free of charge. Call and look at the rooms.

Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Sept. 26.
$271,273,544
12,603,483
34,050,771
202,068,334
Legal-tenders, 63,587,576
Oct. 3.
$269,553,868
11,757,335
34,154,806
194,919,177
60.240,447
Differences.
Dec. $1,719,676
Dec.
Inc.
Dec.
Dec.
846 148
104,035
7,149,157
3,347,129
THE GOLD MARKET
was dull and heavy throughout the week, owing to the
pressure of sales by government and the general ham-
mering of the boars. At the close the market was excited
with frequent fluctuations, ranging between 139% and
140%, afterwards recovering to 140% to 140%.
jyjf~ETROFOLITAN SAVINGS BANK,
Nos. 1 and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opposite
Cooper Institute.
ALL DESPOITS made on or before Oct, 20 will draw
interest from Oct. 1.
Interest payable iu January, six per cent, (free from
government tax) on all sums from $5 to $5,000.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. H. Lillie, Secretary. 14 15
w
OMANS MEDICAL COLLEGE
of tbe New York Infirmary, 126 Second Avenue, will
open Nov. 2d. For prospectos. apply to
14 17 Dr. E BLACKWELL, Sec.
NEW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE FOR
Women, will open November 2, 1868, at their new
building, 187 Second avenue, to continue / twenty weeks.

RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,.
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS, MO.,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse
manufactured by Pierce & Co
Office t & Depot,
No. 33 BEEEMAN ST., N.Y.
A NEW, SEAT & NECESSARY ARTICLE
'Ll- to every one Who uses Scissors of any size what-
ever. It readily produces a slun-p. smooth edge on
the scissors to which it may bo applied.
ANY PERSON CAN SUCCESSFULLY USE IT.
ALL WHO HAVE USED IT HIGHLY ENDORSE IT.
PRICE 25 CENTS EACH.
For sale at Hardware, Fancy Goods and Drug Stores.
Samples sent by mai! to any address on enclosing
80 cents to Office and Depot as above. "
N. B.Dealers supplied on liberal terms.
SOMETHING DIFFERENT 1
OF CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK ;
A TALE OF CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY, AND CRU-
SADE.
This story, writion by angexperienced journalist, has
(he merit of being entirely different in subject and treat
ment from any other. Its hero was led into a series of
singularsome will say Quixoticadventures, by indig-
nation at the
WRONGS OF WOMAN AND LABOR.
The Democrats might make a campaign document of
it, and call it
THE WHITE SLAVES OF THE NORTH.
Its Tournaments and Crusades are mostly in behalf of
woman. It is, then, a book for this hour of excitement
on the
WOMAN QUESTION.
Without much regard for fig leaves, it lifts the veil of
domestic life and shows man the domestic tyrant ,
It does this plaiuly, but in all serious decency.
It is full of isms, but extreme in nothing. It treats
the Evangelical bugbearsCatholicism, Universal-
ism. Socialism, Swedenborgiani3m, Spiritualism, Wo-
mens Rights and Free-Love as candidly as Hepworth
Dixon.
IlEas blood-curdling stories for the Spiritualists, and
hard-cash facts for the Materialists.
It shows the poor a door of hope in co-operation
and ohristzan socialism, and both rich and poor that no
modern quackery supplants Christ as the souls healer.
It is condensed to a fault; original, quaint, pathetic,
drily humorous, boiling over with indignation; full of
the mysteries of this life and the next. It gives lh>
words of many Sages and the gist of many Books con-
cerning the great Questions of the day.
It is sensational without intending it.
Some will call this book a fire brand, others a balm ;
some very devout, others blasphemous; some very moral,
others very immoral. It will enrage or delight, sadden
or gladden, as seen through diverse spectacles.
A. WINCH, Authors Agent,
505 Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
Lage Octavo. Paper. Price 75 cents.
QHEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekmau St top floor


224
fjUvtflutiOtt.
820 MILES
OP THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Arc now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probable that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera-
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road ; also Unit;. |
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 *
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sn -
mounted on the various sections to he built, for whioh it
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount may-
be paid in services rendered by the Company in nans
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNINGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, froth its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 30, 1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient' to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
but they certainly prove that
FIBS I MOB TGA GE BOND. 8
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
ARE ENTIRELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Companys Office in tbe city of New York, at
the rate of six. per cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The.price is 102, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value of these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a long bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these.will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve tbe right to advance the price at any time. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in drafts or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
oharge by return express. Parties subscribing through
ocal agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
ished by the Company, giving fuller Information than
possible in au advertisement, respecting the Progress of
he Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, tbe Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
ept. 14, 1868. New York.

STWARD THE STAR OF EMPIRE
TAKES ITS WAY!
SECURE A HOME IN THE GOLDEN
STATE!
the MIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION OF
CALIFORNIA,
Incorporated under the laws of the State, November
30th, 1867, for the purpose of providing
HOMES FOR ITS MEMBERS,
and promoting imigration.
Capital Stock......................$1,000,000
Divided in 200,000 shares at $5 each, payable in
U. S. CURRENCY.- ,
Certificates of stock issued to subscribers immediately
upon receipt of the money.
HO PERSON ALLOWED TO HOLD MORE THAN FIVE SHARES.
Circular containing a full description of the property
to be distributed among the shareholders will be sent to
any address, upon receipt of stamps to cover return
postage.
Information as to price of land in any portion of the
State, or upon any other subjeot of interest to parties
proposing to imigrate cheerfully furnished upon receipt
of stamps for postage.
All letters should he addressed
SECRETARY IMIGRANT HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION,
Post Office Box No. 86,
San Francisco, California.
P
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE MOVE FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sals in Monmouth Countyone of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
OUNGS PATENT AMERICAN VAPOR
STOVE.
It has no equal in the world for neatness, convenience,
durability, safety, simplicity, and the perfection of its
cooking. No Stove-pipe or Chimney required ; no coal-
ashes or smoke produced. All sizes kept constantly on
hand, and can readily be shipped to any part of the
world. The iuel also furnished by the company, or can
be bad of Oil Refiners.
Send for Pamphlet Circular containing full details.
Address AMERICAN VAPOR STOVE CO.,
484 Broadway, New York.
26-38
jyn. TRADES HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, N. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; ya College
Department for tbe Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
CLEVELAND HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE
AND HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN.
The Win ter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
Monday in November and end about the first of March.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
the able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
useful physicians.
For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 195 Erie st., Cleveland, O.
rjlO INVESTORS.
SEVEN PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD.
PRINCIPAL ALSO PAYABLE IN GOLD.
The First Mortgage Bonds of the Rockford, Rock
Island and St. Louis Railroad Company, as an Invest-
ment Security, combining perfect safety, cheapness,
and profit, are unequalled by anything offered in the
market.
They pay seven per cent, interestFebruary 1 and
August 1m gold coin, free of government tax. The
principal is also payable in gold.
The bonds have fifty years to run, and are convertible
into stock at the option of the holder. A sinking-fund
is provided sufficient to pay off the whole mortgage at
maturity.
Each bond is for $1,000, or £200 sterling. Interest is
payable in New York or London, at the option of the
holder.
These bonds are fully secured, being a first lien of
$5,000,000 upon 200 miles of railway, costing $10,000,-
000, and traversing the finest district of Illinois'; also
upon 20,000 acres of land, estimated to contain 100,000,-
000 tons of coal. These lands, on the completion of tho
railroad through them, will be worth more than the
whole amount of the mortgage.
For all the Coal this Company can produce there is a
ready market; 1,000 miles of railway and the popula-
tion of 30,000 square miles of territory can be supplied
with fuel from its mines more readily and cheaply than
from any other quarter.
One-half of the means required for the construction
and equipment of the railroad, and for the purchase of
coal lands, is derived from the sale of capital slock, to
which large subscriptions are made along the line of
road and elsewhere.
The work of construction is proceeding with great
rapidity, and the first division of filty miles, giving an
outlet to the coal, will be in full operation by 1st Jan-
uary next.
The estimated earnings of this line of railway, with
its coal business, are three-fold what will be required to
pay interest on its bonds.
The trustee for the bondholders is the Union Trust
Company of New York.
At 95, tile present price, and with gold at 40 pre-
mium,- the bonds pay an income of over 10 per cent,
per annum.
For sale at the office of the Company, 12 Wall street.
Governments and other securities received in ex-
change.
H. H. BOODY- Treasurer.
j^ARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New Yore.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane. .
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private U9e.at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
JpRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
THE NEW METHOD OF TEACHING
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper Of July 30th
may be had by addressing the'authoress,
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey