The Revolution

Material Information

The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
VOL. n.NO. 15.
Cl)f tifliiillltiDH.
SUSAN E. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many of the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less,, as thousands have been sent to -its with-
out any loss.
under the new system, which-went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal-the tetter in the presence of the postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
give one copy of
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement."
What. Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
inson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
will give one copy of
showing the security of Paper Currreney." Price
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine golid Silver Hunting-
. Case, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 40 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett. Price,
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled
Hunting-Case Lady's Watch, beautifully enamelled.'
Price, $75.
For 100 Subscribers, an elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $10>.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
tail prices.
We commence this week a sketch of Frances
Wright written by Amos Gilbert and published
in 1855. We hope the readers'of The Revo-
lution will send us whatever facts they may
know of this remarkable 'woman. As she died
in Cincinnati in 1853, there are, no doubt, per-
sons still living there who could give us some
interesting reminiscences of their acquaintance
with Madam DArusmont. We desire also to
get something more of Mary Wollstoneeraft as
the sketch we published was meagre and unsat-
As much odium has been attached to the
names of these noble women, it is most impor-
tant that their pure and lofty lives and utteran-
ces should be so brought out as to overshadow
their violations of the conventionalisms of
their day. When we remember that in all
ages men have supposed that women were
created for no higher purpose lhau to minister
to their passions, we need not wonder that those
women who have stepped outside the conven-
tionalisms of their day and generation, and
claimed a place in the world of morals and in-
tellect have been uniformly and bitterly assailed,
by the pulpit and the press, as irreligious, infi-
del and immoral. Let us judge such women
as Mary Wollstoneoraft, Frances Wright and
George Sand, in the light of our own experience.
What has not been said of those in our own
republic, who have demanded, for the last thirty
years, freedom for the slave, and political rights
for women ? and yet this country cannot boast
more virtuous, religious, refined, cultivated wives
and mothers than Lucretia Mott, Frances D.
Gage, Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Caroline
H. Dali, Abby Kelley Foster, Caroline M. Sever*
ance, and Lucy Stone, who have been the target
for the wit, ridicule and scorn of narrow priests,
scurvy editors, and dishonest politicians. But,
thank God, a new day is dawning. We have
noble champions of our cause in the pulpit
among all denominations, and the press of the
country is everywhere most liberal and respect-
And now that the world begins to do the
women of this day justice, let us in turn do all
we can to brighten the memories of those great
souls that went before us, who, through sorrow
and suffering, heralded the new era of equal
rights for women in the world of work and
V /'
Frances Weight, as much our fellow-citizen
as the laws of the United States permit a female
to be, called this land her home; was an enthu-
siastic admirer of the principles on which it is
declared the government is based, and held
real estate here of forty or fifty thousand dollars
in value.
It is proper, now that womans rights, capaci-
ties, and sphere are mooted questions, that the
name of Frances^ Wright should be before Re-
formers, that they may have access to the
workings of a great intellect half a century
after Mary Wollstoneoraft left, to be seen of
men no more.
There is another reason ; for although pos-
thumous justice caunot benefit the dead, it may
encourage the living. They may think, If
justice is meted out to others who have gone
hence, it may be meted to me. It is a pleasant
anticipation, and I will add this to my other in-
ducements to choose the good and reject the
The subject of this sketch was bom in Dun-
dee, Scotland, in 1797, and died in Cincinnati,
Ohio, 1353.
In person she was tall, and of firm muscles,
rather slender: she was straight, and walked
with a firm step.' Her brown hair, which she
always wore short, inclined to ringlets ; her
head moderately large, and well balanced ; her
eye, aye, that eye! the longer you looked the
more it spoke. It is believed she was a far more
interesting subject to the physiognomist than
the phrenologist. *
It is a very natural inquiry, what was Frances
Wrights education? It is not known ; the prob-
ability, however, is, -that it was such as was best
suited tor a young lady of fortune, who, having
everything at command, would have nothing
to do but figure in aristocratic circles,to re-
ceive and return visits, etc., with whatever is
valued in high life. There is no evidence that
she was a classical or mathematical scholar, or
that she was familiar with natural sci 3nce. She
spoke French fluently, and may have had some
knowledge of other modem languages. It is
not known whether she could draw. She
wrote verse which would have been prose but
for the jingle of the termiual words. For music
she had no tast6, lrequently retiring as soon as
it began. She had neither time, taste nor
talent, but for one absorbing subjectthe im-
provement and elevation of her fellow-beings.
Her fathers place of nativty was the same
as hers. Both bad their birth in the wealthy
class. Shortly after the birth of Francess sister
Camilla, both their parents died, and the chil-
dren were taken to England, to the home of
their maternal grand parents. Here they re-
mained nntil Francess seventeenth and Camil-
las fifteenth year, when they returned to their
native place.
A pretty correct idea of the motive for such a
movement may be formed from a letter from
Frances to the writer twenty-five years since, in
which she said the oppression of the masses by
the aristocracy of wealth giieved ber, and the
clumsy reasonings oi theologians disgusted her.
It may be inferred that she hoped for partial ex-
emption from both evils when and where she
would be from under the dhecting and restrain-
ing power of thosq who had their ssttle'd or-
thodox opinions regarding the rights of the

226 f Slu §jevaIutio.
wealthy, and the paramount importance of the
religion which Ihey adhered to.
In this retirement, for such it was to her,
freed from the coercion and restraint of her
former dictators, she applied herself to study.
Following the natural bent of her inclination,
man was the subject. The science of social life
was her chosen, all-absorbing theme. She saw
there were many and great evils in the world,
and she was feign to trace their origin and as-
certain their remedy. She applied herself in-
tensely to the peiusal aud study of accredited
history, keeping in the meantime an ever-watch-
ful eye on the movements of the living world.
In this, more than in any other period of her
life, it is believed, she perceived the causes,
uses, abusesin brief, the general workings of
all political organizations. In those of the past,
and nearly all of the present, she discerned one
element, a't least, incompatible with the general
good *, that notwithstanding they purported to
be a protection to the weak against the aggres-
sions of the strong, in practice they served to
place and retain capital in the ascendantto
estimate products above the producerthey
accounted positio'n more than manhood, and
hence they favored a classification which pre-
cluded social intercourse between the extremes,
without regard to the relative merits of the
classes ; and hence that they were used to sus-
tain, perpetuate and increase the existing ine-
qualities which had disgusted her from very
childhood. Of ancient governments, that of
Sparta alone had her approval ; and in the politi-
es! desert of modern times she discerned but
one oasis. It was the United States. Its citizens
had adopted the best of the Spartan principles
of government, with such improvements as cen-
turies of experience had gradually suggested,
preparatory to the creation of a civil superstruc-
ture, resting on a veritable republican basis.
She found in the Declaration of American Inde-
pendence better principles than she had seen
before. It claimed the manhood of individuals
irrespective of incidents, and the fraternity of
the race despite of artificial and anti-social ar-
rangements. She was fascinated, and in her
youthful enthusiasm she resolved to witness the
effect which free institutions had on the charac-
ter and conduct of man.
At the age of nineteen (Camilla, a; ever after,
her companion) she came to this country. She
passed a year and a half in New England, when
she was called home to the death scene of a
near relative. During her residence here, pret-
ty much, it is conjectured, in rural districts, she
saw nothing but beauty aud excellence, and she
commenced a work which she finished on the
return voyage, and published after her .arrival
in England. Its title was Views of America.
A panegyric by an infatuated girl in he)' teens,
would have been more appropriate.
The work had a considerable circulation, espe-
cially in the Southern states of this country,
where it won laurels at the time, and subse-
quently a courtly reception for the author.
Writings of the Mrs. Trollope stripe had brought
tourists books, especially English tourists, into
bad odor. Views of America served as a kind
of neutralizer or counterpoise. It is believed
that it was her first appearance before the pub-
lic as an author.
How long she remained in England is not
known, but when she left she went to France.
She became an inmate of the family of La-
fayette, where she continued for three years,
What a treat it would be to have access to the
common-place books of the host or his adopted
daughter! (for in that relation she stood to him).
We may rest assured that trivialities engrossed
but few of their social, hours. He had been a
revolutionary statesman and a soldier, from
whom she learned much of facts, for which the
mere student must be dependent on others.
At the same time, she developed the phil-
osophy of those facts by a process of reasoning
but little known to soldiers or statesmen. The
interest which they took in each other was re-
ciprocal and intense. He admirecl her as a
highly devoted and successful student in what
it greatly imports man to know. His confi-
dence in her conclusious manifested itself on
some occasions in an approximation to obsequi-
ousness. Frances entirely approved of La-
fayettes republican principles; she honored
him for his brave defense of them, and she lov-
ed him for his uniform integrity. Perhaps a
better idea of her attachment to him cannot be
conceived than from the following :
She had determined to bring forth a work to
be entitled the History of Three Revolutions,
comprising the American and two in France.
She had two great objects in view. The one,
as the title imported, was to produce a reliable
history ; the other, to furnish a biography of a
live man who had taken an active part in each
of the revolutions. She hod them so interwo-
ven in her thoughts that it might have puzzled
the reader to decide which was the most cher-
ished idea. The work was never published,
and but partly written ; for the hero of her work
committed what she deemed an irretrievable er-
ror, at a time when the eyes of all France were
directed to him to preserve them alike from
despotism and demagogueism. It was when
Lafitte, the banker (the only one of the ruling
class in whom he had any confidence), impor-
tuned him with success, to favor iu his place in
the chamber of deputies, the elevation of Louis
Philippe to the throne of France, as the repub-
lican king. Had Frances had access to his ears
she would have sai 1, Father, wait yet a day,
aud through that day she would have argued
from facts well known to the patriot, that it was
all the work of intrigues who pulled the wires
unseen, the men who bad not and were not
worthy of his confidence. But she was not
there, and though she never censured, she la-
mented the indecision and want of independ-
ence that pervaded him who could have shaped
the course of France to what she believed a bet-
ter issue.
This yielding on the part of Lafayette de-
prived the world of whatever there might have
been of instruction or entertainment in the
promised work. She could not carry the his-
tory of the nation up to the then present with-
out a tacit reflection on the man who, of all men
living, was the purest statesman and philan-
thropist. Though the destinies of France
might not have been finally effected by any
course which Lafayette might have adopted,
the reading world was thereby minus a work of
interesting history, and encomiastic biography,
of one well-known byname and highly applaud-
ed, nay, almost reverenced, by the rational
lovers of world-wide liberty.
The moment woman has the ballot, 1 shall think the
cause is won. Education, employment, equality, genius,
the fine arts, places in college and everywhere else, fol-
low in the train. They are written, they are endorsed
upon the back of the ballot. They will come by ncces>
sity, the moment you give her that.Wendell Phillips.
Sympathizing earnestly as I do with your cause, it will
afford me pleasure to aid you in any way that I can.
-rHon. j, M. Broomall, ftl, 0., Pennsylvania,
There is one rule relative to behavior that, I
think, ought to regulate every other ? and it is
simply to cherish such an habitual respect for
mankind as may prevent us from disgusting a
fellow-creature for the sake of a present indul-
gence. The shameful indolence of many mar-
ried women, and others a little advanced in life,
frequently leads them to sin against delicacy.
For, though convinced that the person is the
band of union between the sexes, yet, how often
do they, from sheer indolence, or to enjoy some
trifling indulgence, disgust ?
The depravity of the appetite, which brings
the sexes together, has had a still more fatal ef-
fect. Nature must ever be the standard of
taste, the guage of appetiteyet how grossly is
nature insulted by the voluptuary. Leaving the
refinements of love out of the question; nature,
by making the gratification of an appetite, in
this respect, as well as every other, a natural
and imperious law to preserve the species,
exalts the appetite, and mixes a little mind and
affection with a sensual gust. The feelings of a
parent mingling with an instinct merely animal,
give it dignity ; and the man and woman often
meeting on account of the child, a mutual in-
terest and affection is excited by the exercise of
a common sympathy. Women then having ne-
cessarily some duty to fulfil, more noble than to
adorn their persons, would not contentedly be
the slaves of casual appetite, which is now the
situation of a very considerable number, who
are, literally speaking, standing dishes to which
every glutton may have access.
I may be told, that great as this enormity is,
it only affects a devoted part of the sexde-
voted for the salvation of the rest. But, false as
every assertion might easily be proved, that re-
commends the sanctioning a small evil to pro-
duce a greater good, the mischief does not stop
here, for the moral character and peace of
mind of the chaster part of the sex is under-
mined by the conduct of the very women to
whom they allow no refuge from guilt; whom
they inexorably consign to the exercise of
arts that lure their husbands from them, de-
bauch their sons, and force them, let not modest
women start, to assume, in some degree, the
same character themselves. For I will venture
to assert that all the causes of female weak-
ness, as well as depravity, which* I have already
enlarged cn, branch out of one grand cause
want of chastity in men.
This intemperance, so prevalent, depraves
the appetite to such a degree, that a wanton
stimulus is necessary to rouse it; but the pa-
rental design of nature is forgotten, and the
mere person, aud that, for a moment, alone en- .
grosses the thoughts. So voluptuous, indeed,
often grows the lustful prowler, that he lefines
on female softness.
To satisfy this genius of men, women are
made systematically voluptuous, and though
they may not all carry their libertinism to the
same height, yet this heartloss intercourse with
the sex, which they allow themselves, depraves
both sexes, because the taste of menis vitiated ;
and women, of all classes, naturally square their
behavior to gratify the taste by which they obtain
pleasure and power. Women becoming, conse-

f&k* gUvflltttifltt.
quently, weaker in mind and body than they
ought to be, were one ot the grand ends of
tbeir being taken into the account, that of bear*
ing and nursing children, have not sufficient
strength to discharge the first duty of a mother;
and sacrificing to lasciviousness the parental af-
fection that ennobles instinct, either destroy the
embryo in the womb, or cast it off when born.
Nature, in everything, demands respect, and
those who violate her laws seldom violate them
with impunity. The weak, enervated women
who particularly catch the attention of liber-
tines are unfit to be mothers, though they may
conceive ; so that the rich sensualist, who has
rioted among women, spreading depravity and
misery, when he wishes to perpetuate his name,
receives from his wife only an half-formed being
that inherits both its fathers and mothers
Contrasting the humanity of the present age
with the barbarism of antiquity, great stress
has been laid on the savage custom of exposing
the children whom their parents could not
maintain; whilst the man of sensibility, who
thus, perhaps, complains, by his promiscuous
amours produces a most destructive barrenness
and contagious flagitiousness of manners.
Surely nature never intended that women, by
satisfying an appetite, shouid frustrate the
very purpose tor which it was implanted.
I have before observed that men ought to
maintain the women whom they have seduced ;
this would be one means of reforming female
manners, and stopping an abuse that has an
equally fatal effect on population and morals.
Another, no less obvious, would be to turn the
attention of woman to the real virtue of chas-
tity ; for to little respect has that wo nan a
claim, on the score of modesty, though her re-
putation may be white as the driven snow, who
smiles on the libertine whilst she spurns the
victims of his lawless appetites and their own
Besides, she has a taint of the same folly,
pure as she esteems herself, when she studiously
adorns her person only to be seen by men, to
excite respectful sighs, and all the idle homage
of what is called innocent gallantry. Bid wo-
men really respect virtue for its own sake, they
would not seek for a compensation in vanity,
for the self-denial which they are obliged to
practice to preserve their reputation, nor would
they associate with men who set reputation at
The two sexes mutually corrupt and improve
each other. This I believe to be an indisputable
truth, extending it to every virtue. Chastity,
modesty, public spirit, and all the noble train
of virtues on which social virtue and happiness
are built, should be understood and cultivated
by all mankind, or they will be cultivated
to little effect. And, instead of furnishing
the vicious or idle with a pretext for violat-
ing some sacred duty, by terming it a sexual
one, it would be wiser to show that nature has
not made any difference, for that the unchaste
man doubly defeats the purpose of nature by
rendering women barren, and destroying his
own constitution, though he avoids the shame
that pursues the crime in the other sex. These
are the physical consequences, the moral are
still more alarming; for virtue is only a nominal
distinction when the duties of citizens, hus-
bands, wives, fathers, mothers, and directors of
families, become merely the selfish ties of con-
Why, then, do philosophers look for public
spirit? Public spirit must be nurtured by
private virtue, or it will resemble the factitious
sentiment which makes women careful to pre-
serve their reputation, and men their honor. A
sentiment that often exists unsupported by vir-
tue, unsupported by that sublime morality
which makes the habitual breach of one duty a
breach of the whole moral law.
(To be Continued.)
* US.
[Olive Logan has an article with the above
title in Packard's Monthly for October, from
which we make the following extracts as perti-
nent to the objects of Us of The Revolu-
By Us I mean ourselves, of coursewomen.
It is the fashion to write about Us, and it is
the fashion for Us to write about ourselves, but
is it the fashion for other people to read what
we write or what others write about Us? I
mean, of course, on the Gbeat Subjectour
political, mental, moral, social, physical and
general advancement. Anything else that is
written about women, particularly if it be any-
thing scandalous or disgraceful, is eagerly pe-
rused. I have watched men narrowly at all
sorts of placesin the railway cars, the omni-
buses and on the boatsand I have generally
observed that when there is an article in a
paper about Womens Rights, men skip it
quickly, and turn the newspaper inside out.
But if it is some trifling story, derogatory to
the dignity of woman, or some stupid talk
about a flirtation, or some hideous relation of
conjugal shame, they pore over it as if the read-
ing of it were one of the chief duties of the
day. The fact is, that the woman question is
one of those vexed ones for which it is difficult
to find a satisfactory answer, which is yet hard
to get around, and which is yet again apt to be-
come prosy. It is the negro in a white face
and petticoats.
As for voting, I wouldn't think of doing such
a thing! No ; unless i were fully satisfied my
vote would be received I would never, never
wend my way to the polls. Because, as you
say, gentlemen, how uhfeminine for women to
meet the rough crowdto come into contact
with horrible menwho would push us and
squeeze us! It is true, we meet much the
same crowds at the theatres, and in the stages
and horse-cars ; and, so far es my observa-
tion goes, I think women get as much squeez-
ing in a sixth avenue car, on a rainy afternoon,
as they are likely to get at any poll that ever
was raised. With my experience of New York
horse-cars, I stand prepared to meet the rude
democrat, in his native shirt-sleeves, at the
polls or elsewhere. After a liberal course of
horse-car, any woman who survives is qualified
to vote.
* * * *
Let us not talk about the political aspect at
all. There are but few women who care to vote,
just for voting sake; but every true woman
ewes for her sexs advancement in the direction
of a self-respectful independence, and that in-
cludes the art of earning her own bread.
* * * * * *
The one thing which most needs rev. lulionizing,
to the end that womanmay be free and independent,
is the prevalent idea on the subject of marriage.
Women's ideas on that subject, no less than
mens, be it distinctly understood.
* * * * * *
We are taught, even the poorest of Us, that
marriage is oar end and aim, and that as soon
as we are married the man we marry will care
for Us. It is time we stopped hallooing to the
world that that ngly ogre, Man, is unjnst to Us.
He will marry Us, but he wont pay Us as much
for our work as he will pay one of his own stx.
Stop this cry, sister-women, stop it, for shame!
You can never earn journeymens wages till you
know your trade, and can do as good work as a
man can. You can never do that till you re-
solve, when you set out to learn a trade, that
you will learn it thoroughly, and with the de-
termination that at that trade you will work
all the rest of your life, just as men do.
What! a woman work at her trade after mar-
riage? Even so. Iu France this is invariably
the case. Jean works no more faithfully at his
occupation than does Marie at hers. She can
support herself till the end of life just as easily
as he can. When they marry each other they
become partners in every sense of the word.
Their interests lie together ; there is no degrad-
ing sense of dependence on the part of the wife,
and marriages are happier there than with us
divorces unknown. I am not holding up the
French people exactly as a model for imitation
by our own nation ; but there are some things
in the French life which we can well profit by.
Let ns accept a good example, though it should
be set us by a nation of cannibalswhich the
French are not, by the way. Until our girls
pursue their avocations as industriously and as
ambitiously as our boys do, they will never be-
come as good workers, and, consequently, they
wont get as good pay.
There are certainly two branches of Industry
in this world where men "and women stand on
an absolutely equal plane in tbe matter of
cash reward. These are literature and the
drama. The stuff that critics write being alto-
gether set aside, the proof of the quality of a
womans work is exactly that same matter of
pay. When we bring to other avenues of labor
an ambition as ardent, a zeal as earnest as that
which some of Us have brought to the theatre
and the study, then will, the doors open wide
for Us. Women pushed these doors open them-
selves, and men have .given Us a seat by their
side ever since within these temples., Mrs.
Browning, Mrs. Lewes, Jean Ingelow, Madam
Dudevant, Mrs. Stowe, Charlotte Bronto, Mrs.
Howethese belong to Us. Mis. Siddons, Miss
Cushman, Mrs, Kemble, Rachel, Ristori, Mrs.
Kean, Helen Faucit, Mrs. Landerthese belong
to Us. And besides these, and others as dis-
tinguished in these two fields of labor, is a vast
army of others, of every gradefrom the
poorest writer of poor poetry to the most grace-
ful magazinistfrom the iittl:st walking lady to
the most popular star actressall belonging to
Us. These all receive the same reward for what
they do that men on the same level receive.
The reason why is merely that in these two de-
partments women have long worked as men
workwith the same purpose of life-long occu-
pation that men have. The door was long ago
pushed open, and to-day stands wide. 0
Dry goods clerking is a womans business,
and, in passing, I would advise all young men
who are now measuring tapes and ribbons to
get out of it as soon as they can, and leave the
occupation to that sex which is mentally
morally, and physically their inferior.
But how is a woman to attend to her house-
hold duties if she have an occupation outside


of her own home ? * She must hire all her
work done. If she have a large family it will
take two or three servants to attend properly to
the household. Such a wasteful expense! If
I had not heard people talk in this way I should
hardly "believe it possible for human nature to
be so absurd. Do you know any man ot your
n cquaintance-any successful business man, or
ay skilled workmanwho would stay at home
to save hiring a servant for horn e work ? I have
tried that land of Saving myself on several oc-
casions, when I have had what I call the old
Ben Franklin on mo. 1 have sat home in a
corner for three days mending an old dress,
when, if I had devoted those three days to my
legitimate business--writing I could have
earned enough to buy a new dress, given the
job of making it to a competent dressmaker,
and the old dress to some poor woman, more
needy than myself. And the oaby! Oh, yes,
the baby to be sure. If there is one occupa-
tion. which is more than another mere waste of
time, I think it is for an active,-labor-competent
woman to sit from morning till night with a
limp-backed baby on her knees, devoting her
whole energies unsuccessfully to the business
of putting it to sleep.
Now, girls, be men! Learn your busi-
ness thoroughly. Let no employer have it
in his power to say your work is slovenly,
and that youre only working along until
you can catch a manthat one man can work
faster and better than three women. If he
oan, of course, he deserves three times your
wages, but there is no good reason why you
should not be as clever as he, if you will only
try. The deeper one goes into this question the
more one wants to say about it, I should like
to say at some length what I think about the
necessity of baby-tending, as a means of rear-
ing a child in the way it should go. I should
like to prove, by good examples, that a true
mother has no need, in guiding the mental and
moral leanings ot her little one, to put her own
arms in the wash-tub and purity its little linen.
I should like to discuss carefully that solemn
question What makes a woman, indy a help-
meet to her husband ? But enough for the pre-
sent of Us.
( Continued from last week.)
^From Eminent Women of the Age.
Shortly after this she attended another anti-
slavery meeting at Kennett Square. This meet-
ing, held just in the beginning of the war, was
rather an exciting one, and prolonged discus-
sions arose on the duties of abolitionists to
existing laws and constitutions. In the report
from Forneys Press we find the following
notice :
The next speaker was a Miss Anna E. Dickinson, of
Philadelphia, aged seventeen years,handsome, of an
expressive countenance, plainly dressed, and eloquent
beyond her years. After the listless monotonous haran-
gues of tne previous part oi the day, the distinct, earnest
tones ot this juvenile Joan of Arc were very sweet and
charming. During her discourse, which was frequently
interrupted, Miss Dickinson maintained her presence
of mind and uttered her radical sentiments with
augmented resolution and plainness. Those who did
not sympathize with her remarks were soitened by her
simplicity and solemnity. Her speech was decidedly the
feature of the evening, provocative as it was of numerous
unmanly interruptions, and followed by discussion of
prolonged and diversified interest. Miss Dickinson, we
understand, is a member of the Soeiety of Friends, and
had been solicited, several times during the day, to ad-
dress the audience, but waited for the inspiration of the
evening, which came in the shape of Mrs. Grews remarks
They were told, said Miss Dickinson, to maintain consti-
tutions because they were constitutions, and com*
promises because they were compromises. But wha^
were compromises, and what was laid down in those
constitutions ? Eminent lawgivers have said that certain
great fundamental ideas of right were common to the
world, and that all laws of mans making which trampled
upon those ideas were null and void,wrong to obey, but
right to disobey. The Constitution of the United States
sat upon the neck of those rights, recognizes human
slavery, and makes the souls of men articles of purchase
and sale.
There is Dot space to give her admirable
speech on the higher law, nor the discussion
that followed, in which Miss Dickinson main-
tained her position with remarkable clearness
and coolness for one of her years. The flatter-
ing reports of this meeting in several ot the
Philadelphia journals introduced her to the
On the evening of the 27th of February she
addressed an audience of about eight hundred
persons in Concert Hall, Philadelphia. She
spoke full two hoiirs extemporaneously, and
the lecture was pronounced a success. Many
notables and professional men were present;
and, although it was considered a marvellous
performance for a young girl, Miss Dickinson
herself was mortified, as she said, with the
length of her speech, and its lack of point,
order and arrangement. She felt that she was
not equal to the occasion ; instead of being flat-
tered with the praises bestowed on her, she was
filled with regret that she had not made a more
careful and thoughtful preparation. But she
learned an important lesson from what she
considered a failure, worth more than it cost
Spring was opening, and her fresh young
spirit and strong will demanded some new
avenues to labor, some active, profitable work.
In her search for something to do, says a
tijend, Imet her one day in the street; said
she, *1 must work. I dislike the confinement
and poor pay of school teaching; but I shall go
crazy unless I have work of some kind. Why
cant I get into the Mint ? After considering
the possibilities of securing a place there, for
some time, our plans were made, and, after
many persistent efforts, we sueeeedecL In
April she entered the United States Mint, to
labor from seven oclock in the morning to six
at night for twenty eight dollars a month. She
sat on a stool all those long hours, in a close,
impure atmosphere, the windows and doors be-
ing always closed in the adjusting room, as the
least draft of air would vary the scales. She
soon became very skilful in her new business,
and did twice the amount of work of most other
girls. She was the fastest adjuster in the Mint;
but she could not endure the confinement, and
soon changed to the coining-room. But this
dull routine of labor did not satisfy her higher
nature. After the days work was done, she
would go to the hospitals to write letters for the
sick soldiers, to read to them, and talk over the
incidents of the war. Many things conspired
to make her situation in the Mint undesirable.
The character and conversation of the inmates
were disagreeable to her ; hence she kept them
at a distance, while, her opinions on slavery and
womans rights being known, she was treated
with reserve and suspicion in return. In No-
vember she made a speech in Westchester on
the events of the war, which increased this state
of feeling towards her, and culnunauja -
discharge from the Mint, m the Christmas ho
days. This meeting was held just after the
battle of Balis Bluff. In summing up the re-
cord ct this battle, after exonerating Stone and
Baker, she said, History will record that this
battle was lost, not through ignorance and in-
competence, but through the treason of the com-
manding general, George B. McClellan, and time
will vindicate the truth of my assertion. the
was hissed all over the house, though some
erfed, Go on, Go on. She repeated this
startling assertion three times, and each time was
hissed. Years after, when McClellan was run-
ning against Lincoln in 1864, when she had
achieved a world-wide reputation, she was sent
by the Republican committee of Pennsylvania
to this same town, to speak to the same people,
in the same hall/ In again summing up the
incidents of the war, when she came to Ball's
Bluff, she said, I say now, as I said three
years ago, history will record that this battle
was lost, not through ignorance or incompetence
but through the treason of the commanding
general, George B. McClellan. And time has
vindicated your assertion, was shouted all over
the house. It was this speech, made in 1861,.
that cost her her place in the Mint. Ex-Gov.
Pollock dismissed her, and owned that his rea-
j'vn was the Westchester speech, for at that time
McClellan was the idol of the nation. She
says that was the best service the Governor
could have rendered her, as it forced her to tbe
decision to labor no longer with her hands for
bread, but to open some new path for herself.
She continued speaking, during the winter,
in many of the neighboring towns, on the poli-
tical aspects oi the war. As the popular thought
w^s centreing everywhere on national questions,
she began to think less of the special wrongs of
women and negroes, and more of the causes of
revolutions, and the true basis of government.
These broader views secured her popularity,
and made her available in party politics at once|j
In the meantime Mr. Garrison, having heard
Anna Dickinson speak at Westchester and Long-
wood, and being both charmed and surprised
with her oratorical power, invited her to visit
Boston, and make his house her home. Before
going to Boston some friends desired that she
should make the same speech in Philadelphia
that had occasioned her dismissal from the
Mint ^Accordingly, Concert Hall was engaged.
Judge Pierce, an early friend of womans rights,
presided at the meeting, and introduced her to
the audience. She had a full house, at ten cents
admission, was received with great enthusiasm,
and acquitted herself to her own satisfaction, as
well as that of her friends/ After all expenses
were paid she found herself the happy possessor
of a larger sum of money than she had ever had
before; and now, in consultation with good Dr.
Hannah Longshore, it was decided that she
should have her first silk dreiis. With this
friends advice and blessing, she went to New
England to endure fresh trials and disappoint-
ments before securing that unquestioned reputa-
tion and pecuniary independence she enjoys to-
day. Through the influence and friendship of
Mr. Garrison she was invited to speak in Theo
dore Parkers pulpit on Sunday morning, as
leading reformers were then doing. Accord,
ingly she spoke, in Music Hall, on the Na-
tional Crisis. Her first lecture in Boston was
the greatest trial she ever experienced. Her
veneration for the character of a Boston au-
dience almost overmatched her courage and
confidence in her ability to sustain herself
.-ruujju such an ordeal. Her friends also had
misgivings, and feared a failure, as they noticed


that Anna could neither sleep nor eat forty-
eight hours previous to the lecture. Some were
so confident that she would fail to meet the ex-
pectations of the immense audience, that they
refused to sit on the platform. Mr. Garrison
opened the meeting. He read a chapter of the
Bible, and consumed some time in remarks in
order to make the best of the dilemma, which,
in common with many, he, too, apprehended,
while Anna waited behind him to be pre-
sented, in an agony of suspense she struggled
to conceal. At last she was introduced, and
began in some broken, hesitating sentences ;
but, gradually becoming absorbed in her sub-
ject, she forgot herself and her new surround-
ings, and so completely held the attention and
i nterest of the audience for over an hour
that the fears of her friends were turned to re*-
joicings, the anticipations of the few were more
than realized, and her own long anxious hours
of prayers and tears were forgotten in the
proud triumph of that day. At the close she
was overpowered with thanks, praises, andsalu-
tations of love and gratitude. As she delivered
this lecture in several of the New England cities
I give the following notice :
The New Star.If to have an audience remain
quiet, attentive, and sympathizing during the delivery of
a long lecture, is any indication of the ability, tact, and
success of the speaker, we think it may be claimed lor
Miss Dickinson that she is a compeer worthy to be ad-
mitted as a particular star in the large and brilliant con-
stellation of gonius and talent now endeavoring to direct
the country to the goal of negro emancipation.
Music Hall was filled to overflowing; hundreds o*
the audience went early, and must have sat there more
than an hour before the lecture began ; and, yet, we do
not remember to have seen less signs of weariness and
inattention at any lecture we ever attended in this city.
Her voice is clear and penetrating, without being harsh;
her enunciation is very distinct, and at times somewhat
rhythmio in its character, with enough of a peculiar ac-
cent to indicate that her home has not been in Massa-
chusetts. Her whole appearance and manner are de-
cidedly attractive, earnest, and expressive. Her leoture
was well-arranged, logical, and occasionally eloquent,
persuasive, and pathetic.
She traced the demands and usurpations of the Slave
Power from the commencement of our government till
the present time, and proved that, because it could not
hope to control the country in the future as it had in the
past, it raised the standard of rebellion,an act long
since determined upon when such an exigency should
arise. Slavery being thus proved to be the cause ot the
war, the justice, necessity, and propriety of its abolition,
as a means ot present defence and future security and
peace, was forcibly illustrated.
That the slave was prepared for freedom was proved
by the thousands who have passed through so much
danger and suifering 10 obtain it. The inhuman charac-
ter of the fugitive slave enactment was most beautiiully
referred to, bringing tears to many eyes which are not
accustomed to weep over the wrongs of the colored race.
She spoke in eloquent terms of Fremont, which met
with ahearty response from the audience, as did other
parts of her address. On the whole, we think her friends
hero must be greatly delighted with her first effort, on
her first visit to our old Commonwealth.
Previous to the delivery of the lecture, the Negro
Boatmans Song, by Whittier, was sung by a quartette,
accompanied by the organ, and the exorcises were closed
by singing America, in wnich the audience joined.
Fall Rioer Press.
She spent the following summer in reading
and study, collecting materials for other lec-
tures. She continued, as she had time, to visit
the government hoipitals, and made herself a
most welcome guest a nong our soldiers. In
her long conversations with them, she leatned
their individual hijtones, experiences, hard-
ships, an 1 sufferings; the motives that prompted
them to go into the army ; what they saw there,
and what they thought of war in their hours of
solitude, 3way from the excitement of the camp
and the battle-J3. 1. Thus'she got an insight
into the soldiers life and feelings, and from
these narratives drew her materials for that
deeply interesting lecture on Hospital Life,
which she delivered in many parts of the
V Our Home on the Hillside,
DansviUe, N.Y., Oct 3d, 1868. j
Dear Revolution : I wish you could step out of your
city quarters and enjoy with me this morning the Octo-
ber glory of the country, and especially of this Hill-
From the windows of my room, known here as Fort
Sumter, I can look, as I sit writing, across the valley
in which the village lies, over to the hills beyond, which,
partly denuded of the forests that once crowned them,
are now presenting a pleasing variety of field and
grove; the fields still green as in June; the groves
russet, and gold, and crimsona treat for the lover
of rich and varied landscape scenery. But the view
which pleases me most' is from the opposite win
dow, looking right out upon the Hillside. It is many
a day since I have seen such a gorgeous color study!
The Hillside is almost perpendicular as I view it here ;
and from the level of the win ow-sill up as far as I can
lift my eyes, save a narrow belt of blue sky over which
the fleeciest of clouds are lightly floating, is one mass of
foliage, displaying in luxuriant profusion every tinv and
streak of beauty belonging to our autumnal woods.
I came here, as you know, to join in the festivities of
the tenth anniversary of toe establishment of Our Home
on the Hillside, and to speak a good word lor our
I should like to be able to give you a full account of
the Festival, but shall be obliged for want of time and
space to give you the merest sketch, imperfectly con-
veying to you a little idea of what was done and said.
The occasion occupied two days, the 30th of Sept,
and tho 1st of Oct. A programme of the proceedings
reads as follows :
Thursday, Sept. 30th.Lecture by Dr. James C. Jack-
son at 6%, a.m. Breakfast at 7^, a.m. Dinner for pa-
tients and guest at 1%, p.m. Dinner for those arriving
at 2, p.m. at p.m. Social entertainment in Lioerty
Hall, and dining room at p.m.
Thursday, ret. 1st.Address by Dr. J. C. Jackson at
7, a.m. Breakfast at 8, a.m. Sociable in liberty Hall at
9>£, a.m. Dinner, toasts, speeches and songs at 2. p.m.
Address by Mrs. H. Mac L. Shepard at p.m.
In the early morning we repaired to tho chapel, or
Liberty Hall, as it is called, and heard a most excellent
address from the Doctor, on the Woman Question. It is
beyond my power to give you any report of it, or an
adequate idea of the forcibleness of his argument in our
favor. It seemed to me that he took the highest possible
standpoint from which to view ttiesubject, and thus was
enablecLto oover comprehensively and justly the whole
ground. Of course, ho denounced all those who, like
Dr. Todd and his compeers, ever keeping uppermost the
sexual relations and differences of men and women,
lose sight of their identities of being and duty as human
beings. I wished in my soul that every man iu the
country with a particle of likeness to Christ in his soul
could hear him. I knew it must arouse thought, growth,
conviction. I wished every woman, praying, toiling for
the deliverance of her Israel, could hear him and take
comfort. It would do the almost despairing heart good to
know c£ere was one bright spot on this benighted earth
upon which the sun of righteousness had so risen that
woman could, indeed, feel the warmth of its rays ; one
spot where she could take and keep tho placo God iu
tended she should have at mans side, as his equal aud
co-worker, without incurring censure, iuvidious remark
and contumel**. I have heard rnauy and noble men lec-
ture in favor ol our causo ; bub never ono who so fully
came up to my conception of the Christ idea as' this one.
If I were not Orthodox and taught t) believe tl at since
the apocalypse of John there is no move inspiration, l
shou d have exclaimed This man is indoed taught of
God, and speaks us ho is inspire.! by the Holy Ghost in-
dwelling with him. As it was, I looked troinblingly for-
ward to t .e time when J mast stand in the same placo
to pioad for my people roncerniog our great need
and right, and felt it to be almost futile to attempt any-
thing. Had not a prophet spoken already ?
The remainder of the day was spent according to pro-
gramme, and In preparing for tbo morrows entertain-
ment ; in rambling about the place, tailing surveys of
the Home inside and out; or in forming new acquain-
tances and renewing old ones. I was much interacted
in the delight of many of the guests, who were old pa-
tients, at getting back into tliis snug harbor after
mouths or years of cruising outside. Nothing I have
seeu speaks more convincingly to me of the real merits
of this institution than the way in which it is regarded
by the thousands of persons who have been treated here.
Thursday morning we had another delightful lecture
from Dr. Jackson, affecting the welfare of woman as
nearly as does her recognition before the law as the
equal of mana most earnest appeal to us to obey the
laws of life. The beauty and utility of living hygieni-
cally and our bounden duty to do so was enforced upon
our attention with all the Doctors wonderful power and
eloquence. I have thought for years that I was living
pretty newly in right relations with the laws of my
being, and I lenow I have done better in this respect
than the large majority of women placed socially as 1 have
been ; but I find under the conscientious scrutiny in-
duced by the good and faithful Doctors plain dealing,
that I am far from right yet.
One thing he insists on for us women in regard to our
civil and social relationsthat wc must get rid of the
badges or symbols of our slavery beforo we can with
bold face consistently demand our fetters to be knocked
oft. Not only jewelry used for mere ornamentear-
rings, rings, and gew-gawsbut all other frippery, show-
ing a greater dependence on outside adornment than on
mental culture, the beauty of holiness, and physical re-
ligion, for attention and respect from those about us
must be cast aside. The symbol of bondage in our long
skirts, too, he says, which impede our progress, debar us
from entering many occupations now filled by men,
must also be laid aside, and a simple, free, hygenic cos-
tume like the American, or similar to it, must be
The whole lecture was one commending itself to every
serious-minded worker in the field of Human Reform.
After our hygenic breakfast we repaired again to tho
Hall where we had a, old and new inmates
giving their views on different brances of reform, parti-
cularly regarding health, and their experiences and diffl"
culties in endeavoring to put themselves into such con-
ditions as would enable them to hold right relations to
liie and its duties. The meeting was one of interest:
some of the remarks giving rjse to humorous reply.
Tne dinner was everything sl dinner in such place
as this should he. Everything rich with its natural fla-
vor, unpoisoned by condiments, unspoiled by wretched
cooking. If every house in vour city could he supplied
with such cooks as are trained here, the doctors would
suffer. After dinner, no such poisons as wine and cuts
finding their way to this table, we repaired for convent
ence of room to Liberty Hall for Toasts, speeches and
songs. The Hall is a fino, airy, pleasantroom, and under
Mrs. Johnsons tasteful superin tendonce had been trans-
formed into a perfect bower of beauty. Over the entrance
door from the grounds, was the evergreen motto, Heaven
is Free." Over arches were wreaths of evergreen con-
trasted with knois of mountair-ash berries; about the
pictures hung trailing vines of clematis, or ivy, or the now
variagated Virginia creeper, and above them bung bou-
quets of lorest foliage, intermingled with asters aud the
pure whi'o wax berry ; wreaths adorned the chandoiiers,
and pending beneath them were lovely ocean sholls brim-
ming over with flowers and moss and trailing vines. One
could not look upon th? a lornmeut of the room and not
get insight into Ihe innermost of the lovely woman
who designed it alb So we reveal ourselves in our lives.
The toasts were capital. Dr Jackson, his family, glori-
ous Dr. Austin who has done so much for her sisters
by the stand she has taken ; who has proved so entirely
that a woman may occupy positions (editor and physi-
cian) usually claimed by men as belonging oxe naively to
them; may lay aside the fashionable garb oi her sex
and dress herself in tbe humane American costume, and
yet lose uo particle of womanly gentlenoss, dignity and
self-respect, or of respect from all who know herwore
toasted in words and sentiments befitting the occasion.
If I could I would give you all these good things where-
with to delectate your readers, but must retrain. One of
them, however, I mustgive with its answeras it is par-
ticularly in our way, aud includes all engaged in the
good worn.
Mrs. Stewart, one of the inmates of Our Home;
and an earnest worker for the advancement of woman,
arose and gave the following toast;
As we have heard our reverend physician-in-chinf,
Dr. Jackson, and various members' oi his family toasted
individually, I propose to wholesale them together with
their honored guest, Mrs. Shepard, to whom we hope to
listen to-night, and also their co-workers all over the
land, I therefore give" The Advocates of woman's
Emancipation May tbeir efforts be crowned with suc-
cess, and m..y they Jive to see the fruits ol their laoors.

3bt §V0lttti0tt*
This sentiment was cordially received by all present,
and responded toby
Adjutant S. H. M. Byers, of Iowa, who is an inmate o
the institution, eudeavoring to rid himself of disease
contracted by the hardships of army life and sixteen
months of living d9ath in Libby Prison. Mr. Byers is
also the author of that heart-stirring little po9m, which
we have all of us read Shermans March to the Sea.
But now to his reply, which was as iollows :
Ladies and Gentlemen : The words of my Ups but
feebly express the feelings of my heart, when I say
Welcome and God speed to every one who gives a
kind word, or does a generous action for the emancipa-
tion and consequent elevation of the women of our laud.
The cause of progress in which they labor is a noble
and a holy one. A cause so vitally affecting the interests
of our mothers, our sisters, our wives, must, iudeed, be
of great moment lo all humanity.
To woman herself belongs the honor of engaging first
most earnestly in this work. While men, even the most
philanthropic, have sat idly by, hardly lifting their
voices in her defence, she has become tho evangel of
her own liborty, and to lier belongs great meed of
praise for bringing her cause before the mind of the
In np previous era of the world has there ever be en a
time when woman had the opportunity to achieve real
moral power or intellectual distinction that she has now.
To herselfto her own in fluenee, indirectly, upon the so-
cial state, this improvementin her affairs is owing. And
if she will but go on unflinchingly, preparing herself is-
newedly for new duties, she may boldly demand every
Gofl-given right, and I will venture to say no man, or
body of men, dare say her nay.
It requires to-day a brave woman in the face of exist,
i ng prejudice to seize the pen, that weapon mighfier
than the sword/ and wield it in the defence and for the
advancement of her kind. It requires a brave woman
to stand on the rostrum in our public places, and there,
in the face of scorn, insult and contumely, raise her
voice in behalf of her emancipation. It requires a brave
woman to resist tho power of that tyrant Fashion, and
cast aside all that is unhealthful and improper in dress,
scorning every foolish ornament, wearing only such ap_
parel as is consonant with health, comfort, ease and hap-
As yet, among all the women who suffer in our land,
how few we have who are able to rise up in the glory
and strength of a true womanhood and do these things 1
Thank God, there are some among us who do not bow
the knee to these Baals of custom and fashion. We have
some here to-day who evince in their lives their courage.
It will require greater bravery still, perhaps, when they
have achieved a victory, and won their battle, to assume
the responsibility they have taken upon themselves, andt
ballot in hand, go forward to the polls, which their pre-
sence and influence must eventually dignify and purify,
and give in their voice in the government. The good
results that must and will follow this assumption of re-
sponsibility by woman are almost incalculable. Think
you that wrong and crime will prevail as they do now ?
Think you the myriad dens of vice, where drunkenness,
gambling, profanity, indecency and prostitution hold
hellish revelwhere men and women mads in God's
image sell their souls to the devil would be allowed to
exist by permission f In the name of allthatis pure and
good in woman, I answer, No! Think you injustice,
bribery aDd corruption under all sorts of disguises, not
only in our common court*, but in the legislative halls
of the nation, would be permitted as now ? That men
occupying the highest offices in the power of a sovereign
people to give, even Presidents, could be guilty of gravest
wrongs and perjuries, high crimes and misdemean-
ors/ and go unpunished, nay, almost unrebuked by
those before whose tribunal such things are adjudged ?
The indignant protest that still rings in our ears at
euch temporizing with evil in high place?, cries a thou-
sand times, No!
The women who are leading in this reform have
need to be wise, patient and brave I Need to gird on
all the strength of their God-given purity and faith,
while they press onward for the prize they are seeking.
Have faith in God and the right, and do not lose entire
faith in man. His heart is in the right place, but his
judgment has gone astray ; appeal to this judgment by
the living witness of your earnestness, your determina-
tion, your just deserts, and he will not long withstand
you. Already tho press is coming out in your favor,
cheering you on. Already the liberal, the noble and
good extend their hands to you and cry, Godspeed/
Then, dear hearts, work, work and wait the coming morn.
The good-time is not far off. Men are coming to their
senses, and better still, woman is coming to hers, and I
both begin to realize tbat men, women, country to be
entirely great and noble, must be entirely free.
Ours is not yet a true flag of liberty, proudly as it
waves above our Home to-day ; although the red stripes
which once were emblems of the lashes on the slaves
back are now symbolic of the blood shed to save a na-
tions life. Ours will not be a true land of liberty until
every one who breathes its air shall be able to exclaim :
I am free! Then, in that glorious day, the red stripes
will wave more grandly, the stars, signifying the states,
shine more brightly than ever before, and the brightest
one of all the brilliant cluster will be that one repre-
senting the state which shall first enfranchise woman 1
#**!!: * *
Mr. Byerss manuer was eloquent and impassioned,
and his response io the sentiment met with euihusiastio
In the evening, I spoke for nearly an hour, giving what
seems to me to be the Christian view of womans sphere
and responsibility in her relations to humanity ; glancing
at some of the diifiaulties and hindrances which beset
her in her present condition, and their remedy, which
lies in her recognition beforeertbe law as mans legal
equal; and the consequent benefits of thorough educa-
tion, enabling her to fit herself for positions of impor-
tance and trust, and then claim equal remuneration with
naen who occupy similar situations.
From what I hear, I think my audience were in sym-
pathy with the view I took of the question. I knew it
influenced some of them to sign the appeal for granting
the suffrage to women in the District of Columbia, which'
was laid on the table in the Hall the following morning.
Thus, my dear Revolution, closed the festival of
the tenth anniversary of the Home on th9 Hillside/*
Other reforms than those I have noticed had their place
and were discussed, but you see this great and impor-
tant question of Human Rights had a large place.
Before £ close I must tell you of a walk I took this
afternoon about the grounds of this little Paradise.
Going out alone, I took first the only path I was ac-
quainted with, and sauntered down a broad and shady
way to one of the entrances of the place, called Para
dise Gate. Then remembering £ had heard of a spring
called the All Healing, I concluded to turn my face
thitherward. Some little augels in the earthly garb of
children directed me on my way, and soon I entered
upon a path which, in its tortuous windings, led me into
many a scene of beauty. So many delights waylaid me
at every turn that I was constantly fain to stop and feast
my weary eyes upon the treat dear mother Nature bad
laid out for my enjoyment; and fill my hand with the
beauties she everywhere poured at my feet. Such
mosses and lichens; such acorn cups, fit goblets for
fairy elves to sip their dewy nectar from : such dainty
blossoms, and gorgeous colored leaves! 0, it was hard
to choose, and soon I had more riches than I could carry.
Here and there on the way were seats placed in
cozy spots that the weary travellers up this bill of raro
delight may stop and rest, or admire more loisurely the
wonderful picture painted for his study. At some of
these I paused and sorted out my gathered treasures,
selecting such blossoms, leaves and mosses as seemed at
the moment most desirable, and reverently laying such
as I could not keep, back upon the lap of the loving
mother from whom I received them. Thus enjoying,
culling, resting, choosing my delights, and progressing
upward, I hope spiritually as well as physically, I went
on until at last I came to the main objectof my journey
the All Healing SpriDg. Here from the rock flows
out a stream clear as crystal, singing ils own song of
welcome and promise to the comer who desires to drink
of its waters. Someone has put this song into words,
and it is hung in printed frame where all may read it.
It runs thus :
Whoe'er thou art who seeket to quaff
The streams that here from caverns dim
Arise to fill thy cup, and laugh
In sparkling beads above its brim ;
In all thy thoughts and words as pure
As those sweet waters may'st thou bo ;
To all thy friends as firm and sure,
As prompt in all thy charity/
Was it my walk that made me thirsty and so gave flavor
to this nectar ? did the influence of the scene and the har-
mony of the trickling waters with the rhythm of tile lines
so idealize me that I imagined it, or is the water of that
crystal spring sweeter and more full of life than any I
ever before tasted ? I drank ; then going out among the
trees looked up, up into the blue heavens until it seemed
as it I were being lifted above the world, above all its
sorrows, toils and cares into: a state of perfect rest.
When I came back to earth again, I said, surely this is
Beulah 1
The gong has sounded the hour of retiring, and my-
riads of katy-dids nestling in the beautiful foliage on
the hillside seem to have changed their old song of
Katys goodness or badness, whichever it was, into one
of command to me. One says, Go to bed, end
another insists Right a-way. So, dear Revolu-
tion," good-night, aud may your, dreams be as sweet as
I know my sleep will be.
In the truth, yours, h. m. s.
Editors of the Revolution :
The more I see of your paper the more impressed I
am with the greatness of the work you are doing. The
Race must be redeemed by Woman, type of the Divine
1 ove, from the Reign of Force and Fraud under which
we now groan, but which is destined soon to pass away ,
I rejoice to see that many women are awakening to their
true destiny and duty. Only let Woman take her true
place as the inspirer and leader and man's force becomes
harmonized and constructive instead of anarchical and
destructive as now. The letter of Eliza J. Robinson, of
Vineland, leads me to suggest that all workers, m9n as
well as women suffer, to day from an inhumanand
useless expenditureof. their powers, and they must
continue to do so until they substitute Associative for
Isolated Labor. Attractive Industry is the remedy,
but it is one not attainable in our present form of Civili.
zation with its little isolated households and its neces-
sarily monotonous labors. Every one enjoys labor, pro-
vided it is of a sort suited to his natural taste, and still
more if it is carried on in the agreeable company of
friends of similar tastes, and still further, provided that
the sessions are so short that the work does not fa-
tigue, but on the contrary can be carried on with enthu-
siasm. The cultivation of the earth is the body of Re-
ligion, it is the onlj universal form of worship, and it is
of more importance if possible to woman than to man.
We can never have a healthy or harmonious race until
we have healthy and harmonious mothers, and health
can never be had except by the practice of productive
industry and primarily by labor on Hie soil. But we don't
want to make farmers, or even gardeners. We want to
make Men and Women. Isolated labor cannot make
men. It only makes fragments.
There is only one cure for the excessive labor com-
plained of by your correspondent; it is the substitution
of eo-operation for isolation ; of attractive industry for
repugnant; of the reign of Charm for tbat of Brute Force.
Labor is as essential to tbe development of women as of
men, and there is nothing in tbe highest function of
woman to interfere with this. It is only monotonous,
excessive and isolated labor that is soul-crushing and
antagonistic to maternity.
It is only in the Phalaoslery or the Palace of the
people that woman can find her true home and sphere, a
home which is her3 by divine right and not by permis-
sion of a Master.
The first condition of a decent life is the guaranty to
every human being of a home and the right to labor as
his own employer and enjoy the products of his labor.
When society recognizes its duty to support and edu-
cate its children, giving to each one every advantage
that the whole wealth and power of the community can
furnish, then we shall have some right to call ourselves
civilized. v. s. c.
Editors of the Revolution:
The little city of Crawfordsville, Ind., is situated upon
the New Albany, Evansville and Crawfordsville railroad,'*
and is surrounded by beautiful scenery, fertile and welt'
cultivated farms. The town, with its old-fashioned,
wooden dwelling-houses, its broad, graded streets, over-
shadowed by tbe friendly arms of hundreds of shade-
trees, is as romantic and charming a spot as can be-found.
It prides itself, however, more upon the intellectual
tone of its society than upon its natural beauties ; for
among our citizens, we have Mrs. Lew Wallace, the
authoress of The Patter of Little Feet, Gen. Lew
Wallace, Hon. Henry S. Lane, and bis talented wife, Miss
Lizzie M. Boynton, a contributor to the N. Y. Indepen-
denta young lady authoress who is gaining quite a re-
putation in the West, and Mrs. £ue Scott, whose beauti-
ful music to Pass Under the Rod may be found
in almost every house in the land. In the western
part of the town, in the midst of a magnificent park of
about forty acres, stand the buildings that constitute
Wabash College, one of the oldest and best institutions
of learning in the West. It is exclusively for males, as
as will be seen, its doors being closed against ^members
of thq: opposite sex,

Within two squares of this venerable fountain-source of
knoweldge, in the midst of a flat, swampy plot of ground*
ornamented (?) by a row of sickly maples, two silver-
leaf poplars, a row of pines, a few cherry trees, are the
buildings of the public schools.
One of these buildings is an old unfinished brick dwell,
ing-house, upon whose roof towers a dome some four
feet in height and three in circumference, from the
centre of this imposing ornament swings a bell very
little too largo for a cow-bell. The other is a square
frame building. The school fund is three thousand dob
l ars t The salary paid to the clerk of tho trustees is
twenty dollars per annum, while the trustees receive each
twelve dollars per annum! Yet the same city supports a
mayor, a city council, etc.
This school is the only school for women in the town
the High School of the city of Crawfcrdsville. We have
furnished for our benefit tbo following apparatus, viz. :
{speaking of tbe High School department) two rows of
desks, two charts, one box-stove, and a desk and chair
for the Principal 1 The college has fine chemical and
philosophical apparatus, a fine cabinet, large and weli-
seleoted libraries, and neatly-furnished library halls. In
this school, surrounded by everything that is calculated
to make the getting of knowledge rather a pleasure than
a work, do the parents of this town educate their sons.
Last year the young ladies attended the High School and
took advantage of its instruction. This year the Trus-
tees (and here let us thank them for their almost unre-
munerated efforts to educate us) failed to procure ad-
vancement and civilization.
They refused to educate us, not because the laws
of the college forbade, not because our moral characters
were such as would contaminate those of the male stu-
dents, not because we were mentally their inferiors,
not because we were incapable of learning, but because
God had seen fit, and most unfortunately, to create us
women instead of men.
The only excuse that they could give was that they
had no room!!an excuse denied by the students
themselves. Such an excuse as that, to give women,
who are eager and starving for knowledge which most
of their students view as a small matter.
Had twenty-three young men applied for admittance,
the doors would have been thrown wide, and the Faculty,
in the holy name of the Alma Mater, bid them wel.
come! (Just here, allow us to suggest that the proper
title, according to the proof the Faculty has just given
us, would be Alma Pater.) If they cannot admit us, we
positively refuse them to fasten our sex to the name of
their jealously guarded institution.
We are, under the just and perfect laws of the United
States, powerless to help ourselves.
0, ye men who are eager to feed the minds of others,
was this just? We ask you, in the name of our en-
lightened Mother Columbia, was this in accordance that
God created all men equal? that these men should de-
liberately shut the doors of Wabash College in the faces
of twenty-three women ? such a teacher as the situation
demanded. What were the young ladies to do ? Their
parents, many of them having large families, could not
afford to send them to college in neighboring cities.
Monday, September 7th, 1868, twenty-three women,
who were without means of getting an^education unless
they could get admitted into the college, signed and sent
to the Faculty a petition in which they stated that fact.
We waited hopefully and anxiously for their reply.
The Faculty met, and let me say to their great credit,
Professors Mills and Thompson did all in their power to
gain for us admission, but it was not to be.
September 9th, 1868, we received their reply refusing
us admittance into the college, and offering ns their
sincere sympathy.
For shame l Miserable subterfuge. Offering us sym-
pathy, and deliberately refusing us an education.
We did not ask for sympathy, unless it was that sym-
pathy which would prove itself to be sympathy, by
granting a request which, in the sight of God and man,
'was but just. But in vain did we ask it. They shut the
doors of the college in our faces, and said in plainer
words than they could have spoken it, Go! what do
we care whether you are educated or not ? Is it wrong
if we send in another petition requesting them, one and
all, forever after to cease their prayers for those who
humbly begged to be admitted?
Remember, we are not now begging men for the
terrible Bight of Suffrage, for the debasing (the female
debasing) right of political equality, but for educational
privilege, a thing which no man under Gods laws has a
right to deny a woman or a man, but which the Presi-
dents of Harvard, of Yale and of Wabash refuse to the
women who ask them. m. h. k,
Crawfordsville, Indiana.
The Office of The Revolution is becom-
ing the Faneml Hall, the Cradle of Liberty to
womans struggle for Freedom and Indepen-
dence. Meetings are held night after nigbt at
which Unions and other associations and organ-
izations are formed for prosecuting measures
offensive, defensive and protective to secure the
sublime result. The following is a brief synop-
sis of the proceedings of a meeting held last
A meeting of the Workingwomens Association No. 1
was held on Monday evening, in The Revolution
office, World Building. Themajority of tbe ladies present
follow tho business of type-setting, and several members
of the Typographical Union were present, besides Miss
Susan B. Anthony. The meeting was called to order by
Miss Susie Johns, Vice-President of the Working-Wo-
mens Association. Miss Browne, the Secretary, then
read the minutes of the previous meeting, after which
the meeting resolved itself into a Committee of the
Whole, to discuss the propriety of forming a womans
Typographical Union on the plan of the mens associa-
tion of a similar nature.
Miss Johns then furnished a report of a committee ap-
pointed at a previous meeting, to form a constitution
and by-laws, and to choose officers, for a Womens Prin-
ters Union, of which committee Miss Emily Peers was
chairwoman. The list of officers chosen, as follows, was
read by Miss Anthony. For President, Miss Gussie
Lewis ; Vice-President, Miss Kate Cusack ; Recording
Secretary, Miss Christine Baker; Corresponding Secre-
tary, Miss Susie Johns ; Treasurer, Miss Emily Peers.
Board of Trustees, Miss Gussie Lewis, Miss Emily
Peers, Miss Susie Johns, Miss Kate Cusack, Miss Mattie
Calum. As the constitution was a very long one, Miss
Anthony declined reading it, stating that as men were in
the habit of taking up so much time in reading long and
tiresome documents in meetings that she thought it ad-
visable for women to depart from the rule, and transact
their business as speedily as possible. In the constitu-
tion, funerals of the members had been provided for in
a clause.
Mr. Robert ClarkI will here state that it is necessary
for the new Womens Typographical Union to have on
their roll eleven names ot compositors in good standing,
before applying for a charter from the National Union,
under whose jurisdiction the new association will come.
When admitted, we will sustain .and stand by them in
every sense, providing that they establish a scale Of
prices and stick by them. We have no desire to work
against- the women or exclude them.
The following letter was then read by Miss Susie Johns,
to the meeting:
Miss Susie Johns.Dear Lady: Will you please in-
form the ladies associated with you in forming a female
printers union, that at the last meeting of Typographical
Union No. 6 its officers were invested with full power to
aid you all we can in your movement, knowing that your
interests are identical with our own. We have agreed to
hire a halt for your meetings, furnish you with books,
stationery, etc., and assume all other expenses which it
maybe necessary for you to incur in getting your Asso-
ciation into working order, and to continue to do so until
your Union shall be in a condition to support itself.
With assurances of our best wishes for your success
in the step which you have inaugurated,
I remain, your most obedient servant,
Robebt M. Clark,
Cor. Secy Typographical Union No. 6.
Miss AntbouyGirls, you must take this matter to
heart seriously now, for you have established a union,
and for the first time in womans history in the United
States you are placed, and by your own efforts, on a level
with men, as far as possible, to obtain wages for your
labor. I need not say that you have taken a great, a mo-
mentous step forward in tbe path to success. Keep at it
now girls, and you will achieve full and plenteous suc-
cess. (Applause.) Mr. Clark, what are the obligations
enforced on a member at the printers union ?
Here Mr. Clark read the pledge of the Typographical
Union to stand by each other until death did them
Mr. Johu H. Tobitt, editor of the Taxpayer, 218 Pearl
street, offered the following resolutions, or rather sug-
gestions, in regard to co-operation.
1. I propose appropriating the central section of my
New York office to the use of such members as will
unite for the purpose of carrying on the printing busi-
ness on co-operative principles. 2. Let applicants,
after furnishing testimony of their own competency,
elect one of their number as forewomc n, or agent to deal
direobly with authors, publishers, &c., keep the ac-
counts, have charge of the office, and execute the other
functions of employers. 8. Consistency demanding
that you should not be brought in conflict with other
firms by underbidding, let tbe established rates of tbe
New York Typothetse be the standard for both customers
and those outsiders whom it may be necessary to employ
from time to time. 4. After paying all necessary cost of
labor (and I recommend piece-work where practicable),
let the balance remaining from income be equally divid
ed among the members. 5. Select some trustworthy
friend as advisory superintendent, to be consulted iu
those contingencies inseparable from all new undertak-
ings, and whose decision should be valid and final. 6.
Enter into this plan with a determination not to be dis-
oouraged by ordinary obstacles ; but aiming to become
thorough experts, let the works which bear your imprint
be the loudest appeal to the public for tbeir patronage ;
and lastly, and most privately of all, I would remark of
the advantages of being thus surrounded by busy print
ers, that it will enable those who make good use of
their eyes to learn the routine of an offic e without the
embarrassment of too much tutorship.
Resolutions of thanks to Mr. Tobitt and the Printers
Union No. 6, were offered by Miss Susie Johns, thanking
them for tbeii offers of assistance, and were adopted
unanimously by tbe meeting.
Miss Anthony stated the case of the female librarian
of the Cooper Institute, who had been for nine years
working as librarian, at a salary of from twenty to thirty
dollars a month, fourteen hours a day, without any va-
cation. This practical illustration of Peter Coopers be-
nevolence was not received with much favor by tbe
The working womens meeting then adjourned until
the last Monday in October. The printers Union No. 6
are to provide a hall for the new association, which is
now known as the Womens New York Typographical
Union No. I, to meet in. The scale of prices estab-
lished by them is 40 cents per 1,000 ems. There are in
New York about 1,800 male printers and about 1,( 50 of
that number belong to the Ty pograpineal Union. There
are about 200 female printers in -New. York and the de-
sign is to have them all join the new union if posible.
The Worcester (Mass.) JEgis and Gazelle, a
Democratic journal, thus speaks of the action
of the late Labor Congress in this city, with re-
spect to women;
A resolution, expressive of sympathy for the working
women of the land, strikes us as peculiarly appropriate,
and worthy of commendation. For it there is a ekes in
this country, whose work is unappreciated and inade-
quately paid, it is.the poor seamstresses, who are the
slaves of imperious fashion, and who, to retain their
virtue, must submit to the most cruel exactions and
the scantiest remuneration. Whenever we think of the
condition of the working women of cities like New
York, some of whom, for lack of means to buy a candle,
ply their vocation by the light of the street lamp, amid
scenes of riot and confusion and debauchery ; of their
loneliness, and the temptation that follows them perpetu-
ally, we do not wonder that New York has her 20,000
prostitutes. It is easy enough to he negatively good;
easy enough to maintain ones holiness when passion
does not tempt, and penury does not press, and hunger
and cold and homelessness and bitter solitude are un-
known, and all the comforts and gratifications of the
world surround us. But, to be faithful when every-
thing impels the other way, and stern circumstances
give sin the semblance of justice, that is quite another
thing ; and il any class deserves sympathy for the virtue
it keeps immaculate, and the honesty it maintains, and
the patient endurance it illustrates, it is the working
' women of America. Any organization which shall give
them assurance of respectful consideration, and, if need
be, of sympathy and material aid, deserves the approval
of all who are touched with a feeling of philanthropy
I venture to affirm that the purity, the refinement,
the instinctive reading of character, the elegant culture
of the women of our land, if brought to bear upon the
conduct of political affairs, would do much to elevate
them in all their aims, and conform them to higher
standards of justice. The participation of women in
civil affairs,Ms neither a new nor an uncommon experi-
mentHon, B. Gratz Bffown, U. S. Senator, Missouri.

&r, fUvflJtttitftt.'
Ct)e liftioutisi!.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
In the ancient -vision on Mount Horeb there
were powerful demonstrations of wind, earth-
quake and fire, but in them all an essential ele-
ment was wanting aud no great or good end
was accomplished. Tbs Lord was not in them.
The still, small voice came afterward. The
lesson to be learned is that in the Divine econo-
my the sublimest results flow from the simplest
instrumentalities. Not by might nor by power,
but by the spirit of truth. The cannon of
Cromwell left many towers and turrets of Eng-
lands cathedrals standing, defiant of all their
thunders. But the little Ivy, silently climbing
year by year, worming its tiny roots into every
crevice in mortar and stone, reached at length
their proudest pinnacles ; and lifting or loosen-
ing imperceptibly stone after stone, the days
and years co-operating, dragged down at last the
cloud-capped tower and massive wall which had
withstood the whirlwiad, the earthquake and
fire of war age alter age.
Just now i n this country there are in session
three powerful religions organizations lor good
or ill (all, it may be hoped, with good intent),
but whose history does not inspire hope, still less
belief, that they are one, any, or all of them
together, our own, chariot of national salvation,
to say nothing of the rest of the human race.
The American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Missions is in its annual session at
Norwich, Connecticut. Then the very august
and hallowed National Protestant Episcopal
Church is celebrating its Trienniel, and the Na-
tional Unitarian Association its annual parlia-
mentary Session in this city. And last, om-
nipresent over the whole country, with brains
of all capacity and bronchial organs of all
calibre and with zeal all on fire, are the two
great political parties, both fervid with hope
and determination to win in the coming presi-
dential election. And in this five-fold instru-
mentality is presumed to centre the religious
and secular hope and promise of national se-
The three ecclesiastical bodies named, repre-
sent the religious sentiment and action of the
country. But that we are indebted to any of
them or all of them, or the sectarian systems
they represent for past growth or present pros-
pect and promise, materially, or morally and
spiritually, i3 not true. The anti-slavery en-
terprise, the crowning glory and excellency of
the last forty years, met i!s sternest opposition,
its most malicious calumniators in the church
aud pulpit; north and south. The American
Foreign Missionary Board was ever the apolo-
gist of slavery, and from the coffers of slave-
holders replenished the treasury. Worse than
the crucifiers of Christ, they dared appropriate
the price of blood to the service of the Lord !
Indeed itwas the propagandist of slavery among
the American Indian tribes until the thunders
of Port Sumter roused the nation from its
death slumber over that horrible constellation of
all cruelties and crimes.
For Polygamy, too, among its oriental fields of
missionary effort, the Board sought apology in
both the Old and New Testament. And over
both these abominations its missionaries were
instructed to be silent, on the ground that, if
is the duty of the Board to prosecute the work of sav-
ing souls, without attempting to interfere with the
civil condition of society, any faster than the con-
sciences of the people become enlightened
The relation of the Episcopal church to anti-
slavery is too well known to need any notice in
this article. The names of Tyng, Jay, and a
very few others, alone redeemed it from Total
Depravity as to that mortal sin. This very week
the newspapers tell of a nch Episcopal woman
who, with insulting mockery of God and hu-
manity, offers to endow a Theological professor-
ship, on condition that none but a white man
shall ever be allowed to fill it!
Of Unifcarianism in the beginning of Mr. Gar-
risons career, not much more can be said.
There were Mays, a Follen and a Pierpont ear-
ly at his side, mid the eminent Dr. Channing
followed, thoush afar off. But in proportion as
they were faithful to humanity were they pro-
scribed by their denomination. One of their
ministers said in the Convention last evening,
they were almost hated by us for their fidelity
to the slave.
Judge Bimey, of Kentucky, a ruling elder in
the Presbyterian church for many years, and a
reformed slaveholder, published a book at the
end of the first ten years of the anti-slavery war-
fare, entitled, The American Church the Bul-
wark of American Slavery. Its argument
never was, never will be overthrown.
To the Temperance and other philanthropic
enterprises, the Cburch, as a body, long held a
like hostile position; if indeed it do not very
extensively, to-day.
Whoever attends the great religious Conven-
tions of the preseat week, or reads carefully the
reported proceedings, will be amazed, if not
shocked, at the attitude of the older and more
influential members of the respective bodies
towards everything that savors of advance to a
higher position and bolder onsets upon the for-
tresses of ignorance, superstition and sin. Dr.
Bellows, in his opening sermon before the Uni-
tarian Convention, baptized' the vanguard of
the army of progress as but lt intellectual ban-
dits, and the theatre and out-door religious ga-
therings for preaching as only decorous mobs l
He threatened, at a subsequent meeting, to se-
cede from the denomination should his counsels
not prevail. But compromise, the canker and
curse of all American principle, religious and
political, was again made calvation. And so the
main bodies of our denominational religion,
controlling almost the whole national religious
sentiment, may continue to prosecute the
work of saving souls, without attempting to in-
terfere with the civil condition of society, any
faster than the consciences of the people be-
come enlightened ; pompously and Phari-
saically branding those who are enlighten-
ing the consciences of the people, as intellec-
tual bandits / and their congregations, like his
of Nazareth, eighteen hundred years ago, in
the streets, the market, the mountain, the
theatre, as 4 decorous mobs!
Of the two political parties, it may almost be
safe to believe what they say of each other,
judging them also by their own record in the
past. What of intellectual, social, commercial
or political prosperity the nation has enjoyed,
has been rather in spite of both of them than
otherwise ; and, as at present appears, it must
continue to be so. Like the hydraulic ram
pressure, it requires eleven drops of water
wasted, to lift one to a given height. Only a
large spring can afford it. It is easier some-
times to lift the weight than the lever. It is
not half so heavy. It is only a powerful people
that can bear rulers like onrs. The poet says:
Waris a game, which, were their subjects wise,
Kings could not play at.
So, too, are most governments. Our own pre-
eminently. The patriarchal blessing was, Is-
sachar is a strong ass, crouching down between
two burdens. It is terribly reproduced and
realized in American political parties. Two such
burdens seldom, if ever, bore down a nations
back before. How they are tolerated must be
more a mystery to the leaders themselves than
to anybody else. John P. Hale, of New Hamp-
shire, said long ago, in the United States Senate^
if the people only knew how we ate here
spending our time and wasting their moneyV
they would move on us in a body and drive us
from the capital. A truer thing was never
said. A more righteous retribution was never
seen than it would be, fulfilled to the last letter.
Both parties prate loudly of principle. Neither
has any, or seems even to know the dic-
tionary definition of the word. The leaders are
found at different times, on all sides of all
questions, as policy dictates. In 1826, Daniel
Webster was a Free Trader, and John C.
Calhoun a Protectionist. Twenty years after-
wards saw both of them the chieftains of the
very opposite policy. Both had swung round
the circle, and Calhoun died in a struggle for
Free Trade while Webster was mourned as a
martyr to protection by New England manufac-
turers. It is so to-day. Even old Thad-
deus Stevens advocated one policy and voted
another; holding with the hare and running
with the hound, and giving as his reason, that
he found men were men and not angels, and
so he must take the best he coaid get. The
republican party was once sold out by its leaders
in Massachusetts to the Know Nothings. The
reason was, the people were too literally know
nothings before, if, indeed, they have not been
ever since. Chief-Justice Chase, a year ago, was
the pride of the republican party, but who would
be bail for hi3 republicanism now? Horace
Greeley and Gerrit Smith would prefer to
stand for Jeff Davis rather than the like of him.
The democrats are nob less in doubt of Gen.
McClellan ; and it has even been hinted that
Horatio Seymour might yet go for Gen. Grant.
But the subject is too serious for trifling.
That the individuals of a party change, is
never denied nor wondered at. That whole
parties as really ohauge is alike true, could the
people but see it, and for no greater or better
reasons. And that it is the work of their lead-
ers, generally for purposes most sordidly sel-
fish, is undeniable. Dante tells us that he saw
in the infernal regions a fearful encounter be-
tween a human form and a monstrous serpent.
In their rage lhay dashed upon each other, giv-
ing and receiving ghastly wounds. At length a
cloud, as of fiery breath, enveloped them, and a
mysterious metamorphosis began. Each crea-
ture was transfigured into the likeness of his
antagonist. The tail of the serpent split into
two legs, the mans legs twisted themselves into
a serpents tail. The body of the serpent
sprouted forth arms, the arms of the man were
spun completely into his snaky body. The
serpent rose up a man and spoke, the man
crawled off a hissing serpent. Our political
parties almost literally personate, in flesh and
form, the horrible fancy. One calls the other

serpent, copperheadto-day. There seems
nothing in the nature of either to assure against
perpetual metamorphoses while their present
nature, spirit and power remain un hanged.
To rescue humanity from the dominion of
both our political and ecclesiastical institutions
and arrangements, is the real work of the horn*.
Together they grind the interests of both body
and spirit as between the upper and the nether
millstones. The Church counts her sects by
hundreds, all professing essentially the same
doctrine, both as to their God aud their gospel
or Bible; and yet fighting perpetually each
other like the clans of Europe iu the feu-
dal ages; and all of them waging common and
most malignant warfare against whoever seeks
a purer faith. They have become a scourge and
affliction and should be superseded. Both our
religious sects and political parties have ful-
filled their mission. Our religion is without
reason, conscience or love of man ; our politics
without principle or regard lor justice and right.
The Church clings to old faiths, forms, cate-
chisms and customs ; the politics only change
for the sake of power and pelf. The Churoh
bribes her new converts by golden promises in
the New Jerusalem, or frightens them to her
arms by uncapping the shrieking agonies of the
bottomless-pit. Buttruth, love, justice, forgive-
ness, holy fear of God and love of man, of every
man, low and high, rich and poor, learned and
rude, black and white, in a word, all the virtues
for their own sake, heaven or no heaven, hell or
no hell hereafter, where is the church or min-
istry that insists on these with a spirit and
earnestness commensurate with their infinite
and eternal importance ?
Here, then, we approach the work to be done.
It is only an approach. But it must be met
with the holiest heroism and performed, or
vain are all our dreams and hopes as a church
or a nation. Of the nature of the work, and of
the workers, there is not tirpe now to speak.
p. p.
Though Miss Lydia Becker and Mrs. Lily Maxwell are
clamorous for the right of suffrage, the Englishwomen
as a class do not seem to care for the rights dear to some
ol their sisters. The girl of the period prefers the exer-
cise of her limbs to the exercise of political privileges.
Croquet has had an immense influence ia educating girls
to the point of preferring out-of-door exercise to in-door
flirting, and novf we read in English journals that cricket
is about to succeed to the popularity lately belonging to
croquet. More than one female cricket club has been
formed, and by next season croquet is likely io be for-
gotten iu the fascination of the nobler game.
There is no reason wby women should not play cricket,
and a great many reasons why they should. Surely it is
better to be bowled in the field than bold in the parlor,
and a girls energies are quite as well employed in catch-
ing out a female opponent as in catching an eligible-,
young man.
Why shfuld not American girls follow the example of
their English sisters, and establish base-ball clubs ? Isit
a less difficult and less tiresome game than cricket ?iV.
T. Evening Post.
We do wish our American editors were more
philosophical! Do you not see, Mr. Post, that
the same cause that is impelling our girls to
assert themselves in out-door games, makes the
women clamorous for the right of suffrage?
It is the demand for suffrage that bas set the
world to enlarging womans sphere in all other
directions. Claim the uttermost, said Daniel
OConnell, and you will get something. The
sure way to banish the needle, that slays its
victims every year by the thcusands, is to sup-
ply girls with out-door amusements. The Post
innocently asks, Why should not American
girls follow the example of their English sisters
and establish base-ball clubs? Do you not
know, sir, that your American sisters have al-
ready done that very thing ? If you had been a
faithful reader of * The Revolution you would
have read a description, last July, of a beautiful
game played by a club of girls about twelve years
old, on the village green in Peterboro (the home
of Gerrit Smith.) Nannie Miller, the grand-
daughter of Mr. Smith, was the Captain. The
girls were dressed in white and blue, and played
with as much skill and giace as any club of
boys we ever saw. It was most amusing to see
the boys sitting round idle spectators of the
scene. (Theres a gcod time come, gills, wait
no longer.) Aud this is only one of many
other clubs in this country. We wish American
men would take note of what is going on in their
own country and not be continually pointing us
to England. We were obliged to take the 2n-
bune to task for the same thing last week. If
you would keep yourselves Posted, Mr. Editors,
on what women are doing, read the N. Y. World
or The Revolution.
I frankly admit that to be a mistress is less dis-
honorable than to be a wile for while the mistress
may leave her degradation if she will, public sentiment
and the law bold the wife in hersj and while the man
is obliged to render compensation (poor I admit for the
saerifiice) to his mistress. he may demand Ot his
wife that she nerlorm his drudgery, submit to his
blows, and (worse) live the uncomplaining victim of his
rapacity.Francis Barry.
Many of our journals wore shocked with the
above sentiment from a correspondent of The
Revolution. With the following summary of
the laws on marriage and divorce, we have no
doubt, the women of the republic, will be equally
shocked, and all will readily see that whatever
the social position of a mistress may be,
the legal position of a wife is more depend-
ent and degrading than any other condition of
womanhood can possibly be. Why a contract
for the mutual happiness of two psrties should
be made so hopeless and insulting to one is
difficult to discover.
If, civilly and politically, man must stand su-
preme, let us at least be equals in our nearest
and most sacred relations.
As a distinguished Massachusetts lawyer
once declared in a public meeting, that our laws
on marriage and divorce bore equally on man
and woman, it may be that some, even among
our readers, are ignorant of what our code really
is on these questions. Permit us, as briefly as
possible, to st^te some of the inequalities, not.
only in the contract itself, but in all its privi-
leges and penalties. It must strike every care-
ful thinker that an immense difference rests in
the fact, that man has made the laws. Inas-
much as all history shows that one class never
did legislate for another with justice and equal-
ity, those who lack time to look up authorities
and facts, might safely decide, by pure reason,
that man had made the laws cunningly and sel-
fishly for his own purpose.
When man suffers from false legislation, he
has the remedy in his own bauds ; but an hum-
ble petition, protest or prayer, is all that woman
can claim.
The contract of marriage is by no means
equal. Prom Coke down to Kent, who can cite
one law under the marriage contract, where
woman has the advantage ? The law permits
the girl to marry at twelve years of age, while
it requires several years more of experience on
the part of the boy. In entering this compact,
the man gives up nothing that he before pos-
sessed ; he is a man still: while the legal exist-
ence of the woman is suspended during mar-
riage, and is known but in and through the hus-
band. She is nameless, purseless, childless :
though a woman, an heiress, and a mother.
Blaekstone says, the husband and wife are
one, and that one is the husband. Kent says,
the legal effects of marriage are generally de-
ducible from the principle of common law, by
which the husband and wife are regarded as one
person, and her legal existence and authority
lost or suspended during the continuance of
the matrimonial union. Vol. 2, p. 109. Kent
refers to Coke on Littleton, 112., A., 187 B.; LUt-5
sec. 168, 291.
The wife is regarded by all legal authorities
as a femme covert, placed wholly sub potes-
iate viri. Her moral responsibility, eveo, is
merged iu the husband. The law takes it for
grauted that the wife lives in fear of her hus-
band ; that his oommand is her highest law ;
hence a wife is not punishable for theft com-
mitted in presence of her husband. Kent, vol. 2,
p. 127. An unmarried woman can make con-
tracts, sue and be sued, enjoy the rights of
property, to her inheritance, her wages, her
person, her children ; but in mavriage, in many
of the states, she is robbed by law ot her natu-
ral and civil rights. The disability of the
wife to contract, so ac to bmd herself, arises not
from want of discretion, but because she has
entered into an indissoluble connection by which
she is placed under the p^wer aud proteciion of
her husband. Kent, vol. 2, p. 127. She is
possessed of certain rights until she is married ;
then all are suspended," to revive again the
moment the breath goes out of the husbands
body. See Cowan's Treatise, vol 2, p. 709. If
the contract be equal, whence come the terms,
marital power, marital rights, obedience
and restraint, dominion and control?
Many cases are stated showing a most question-
able power over the wife sustained by the courts.
See Bishop on Divorce, p, 489.
Woman, as woman, has nothing to ask of ovr
legislators but the right of suffrage. It is only
in marriage, that she must demand her rights to
person, children, property, wages, life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness. All the specif!
statutes of which we complainall the barbari-
ties of the lawfall on her as wife and mother.
We have not yet outlived the old feudal idea,
the right of property in woman. The term maa-
riage expresses the nature of the relation, in
which man alone is recognized. It comes from
the Latin mam, husband; hence, as we
look through the statutes and old common law,
we find constant mention of marital rights.
Here and there, through the endless labyrinth
of authorities, we are refreshed with a bit
of benevolence for the wife in the form of pro-
tection. We never hear of uxorial rights ;
but the widowsdower, the widows incum-
brance, the wifes alimony.
The laws on divorce are quite as unequal as
those on marriage ; yes, far more so. The ad-
vantages seem to be all on one side, and the pen-
alties on the other. In case of divorce, if the hu?^
band be the guilty party, he still retains a greater
part of the property! If the wife be the guilty
party, she goes out of the partnership penniless
Kent, vol. 2, p. 33. Bishop on Divorce, p. 489. In
New York, and some other states, the wife of
the guilty husband can now sue for a divorce in
her own name, and the costs come out of the

Qtb* ijUvolutifltt.
husbands estate; but in a majority of the
states she is still compelled to sue in the name
of another, as she has no means of paying costs,
even though she may have brought her thou-
sands into the partnership. The allowance to
the innocent wife, of ad inUrim, alimony, and
money to sustain the suit, is not regarded as
strict right in her, but of sound discretion in
the court. Bishop on JOivoi'ce,p. 581. Many
jurists, says Kent (vol 2, p 88), are of opinion
that the adultery of the husband ought not to
be noticed or made subject to the same animad-
versions as that of the wife, because it is not
evidence of such entire depravity, nor equally
injurious in its effects upon the morals and good
order, and happiness of domestic life. Mon-
tesquieu, Pothier, and Dr. Taylor, all insist,
that the cases of husband and wife ought to be
distinguished, and that the violation of the
marriage vow, on the part of the wife, is the
most misch'evous, and the prosecution ought to
be confined to the offense on her part. Es-
prit de$ Loix, fame 3, 188. Iraite du Contrat de
Marriage, Kail 516. Elements of Civil Law, p.
Say you, these are but the opinions of men ?
On what else, we ask, are the hundreds of women
depending, who this hour demand in our courts
a release from burdensome contracts ? Are not
these delicate matters left wholly to the discre-
tion of the courts ? Are not young women, from
our first families, dragged into our public
courtsinto assemolies of men exclusively?
The judges all men, the jurors all men! No
true woman there to shield them, by her pre
sence, from gross and impertinent questionings,
to pity their misfortunes, or to protest against
their wrongs! The administration of justice
dep 3nds far more ou the opinions of eminent
jurists, than on law alone, for law is powerless,
when at variance with public sentiment.
In view of laws like these, is not Francis
Barry fully sustained in his assertion? Let
those Christian men who make our laws, if they
would dignify the position of wife, blot out this
infamous, code from their statute books. If
they would dignify the family, that great con- ,
servator of national virtue and strength, let
them establish one code of morals for man and
woman, for there can be nothing sacred at that
family altar where the chief priest who minis-
ters is unfaithful to his marriage vows.
e. c. s.
As the organ of woman in her lowest as well
as high estate, we cannot he silent over the pain-
ful fact which has come to our notice, that there
is a regular system of black-mail levied by po-
licemen upon the hard-earned money of poor
little street walkers. More than a year ago, a
corporation ordinance was passed which ren-
dered it a misdemeanor for such girls to solicit
men in the streets. The fact, therefore', of a
girl standing to talk with a man at night ren-
ders her liable to arrest, under the supposition
that she is soliciting him for improper purposes. ;
Taking advantage of this, many policemen com-
pel presents from girls, with an understanding
that they will not arrest them either for station-
ary conversations, for fights, or in case the
houses they may chance to be in, should be
pulled, and all inmates marched to the sta-
tion-house. Keepers of houses of ill fame are all
liable to arrest at any time, as having disorderly
houses, whether perfect tranquility exists in
their abodes or not. They are, therefore, in the
habit, so we are credibly informed, of paying
both police captains and police officers for their
Our readers have, doubtless, all noticed po-
licemen talking with young women at street
corners, both day and night. It rarely happens
that the girls are not of the unfortunate class,
and that the rascals are not postering them for
money. * *
The recent nomination of Mr. Train to repre-
sent the Fifth New York Congressional district
meets with unusual favor on every hand. It is
a nomination eminently fit to be made, and his
friends cannot but rejoice at the general ap-
proval of the selection by men of distinction of
all political faiths. As might be expected, the
Irish element in the district are united on him
to a man, and intelligent Irish women share the
enthusiasm. Meetings arc held almost every
evening to urge his claims, and the Train Con-
gressional Committee have seciued rooms at the
Anson House, corner of Spring and Crosby
streets, for use during the campaign. On Fri-
day evening, Apollo Hall was filled to suffocation
by friends of Mr. Train. Gen. W. J. Nagle
made a speech in favor of him during which he
read many extracts from Mr. Trains speeches
and letters, going to show his attachment to Ire-
land, his love of freedom, and his extraordinary
ability to serve in Congress. He said that the
first conception of the Pacific Railroad sprang
from Trains teeming brain. The next speaker
was Capt.L. J.Goulding. He was followed by Mr.
Archdeacon, who had been a Fenian prisoner in
England- and several others. Should Mr. Train
arrive in time to accept the proposal, and can-
vass for one week his district, his election is se-
cure. And sureiy it is a consummation devoutly
to be wished, in this day of congressional cor-
ruptions, shams and spectral shows. The
consummate ability with which he has conducted
his Pacific Railroad and other gigantic western
enterprises, his true and untiring devotion to
not only the Irish American but every American
interest while in a British prison (our real Min-
ister Plenipotentiary, despite the presence at
Court of Charles Francis Adams or Reverdy
Johnson), together with the peerless talent dis-
played by him in Ms treatment of every problem
of national concernment, social and moral, as
well as political, industrial, commercial, finan-
cial and diplomatic, ail conspire to show how
eminently fit is the selection and desirable his
success. With him in the House of Representa-
tives the nation would soon see that it had one
man.there with ideas broad and universal as hu-
manity ; and with courage, conscience, power of
persuasion and argument to unfold and enforce
them, without partiality, affection, or hope
of reward.
American Colobphobia.Rev. J. Sella Mar_
tin, a colored clergyman of superior talents and
the highest respectability, is denied a state-
room and place at the table on board our first-
class steamboats. And yet during his tour
abroad he was the guest in Great Britain fre-
quently of families in the highest social circles,
including the nobility, has dined in the Queens
palace at Edinburgh fthe celebrated Holyrood
Palace), and has had the honor of a private re-
ception by the Queen. In other words, he has
been cordially welomed where the snobs who
insult him in America, whether clerks, captains,
or the owners of steamboats, could not possibly
gain admittance.
What kind of men is the London Saturday
Review talking about in style like tMs ? If this
he his own measure of manhood, what can he
suppose women with brains think of him and
his like ? Hear him :
Men do not care for brains in excess in women. (1) They
like a sympathetic intellect which can follow them, and
seize tli.eir thoughts as quickly as they are uttered,(2) bu*
they ao not much care for any clear or special knowledg e
of facts ;(3) and even the most philosophic among them
would rather not he set right in a classical quotation, an
astronomical calculation, or the exact bearing of a polit-
ical question by a lovely being in tarlatane whom be-was
graciously unbending to instructed) Neither do they
want anything strong minded.(5) To most men, indeed,
the. feminine strong mindedness that can discuss im-
moral problems without blushing, and despise religious
observances as useful only to weak souls, in a quality as
unwomanly as a well developed biseps or a huge fist
would be.(6) It is sympathy, not antagonism; itis com
panionsbip, not rivalry, still less supremacy,(7) that they
like in women ; and some women with brains as well as
learninglor the two are not the same thing,(8) under-
stand this, and keep their bluestockings well covered by
their petticoats.
(1) No; little brains and much beauty. A
right Blue Beard sentiment!
(2) An easy thing for a brainless beauty to do.
13) No, facts are nothing to them. Fiction,
fancy, fashion, folly, in a word ; not facts.9
They are lor brains, not beauty.
(4) O, no, indeed! better a thousand times be
wrong than be set right by a lovely being in
(5) Never! t Weak minded by all means, or no
wife at all; or even mistress.
(6) Thats so. Immoral problems are for
men. They can discuss anything without
blushing; and despise religious observances
as useful only to weak souls, i. e. beauties
without brains.
(7) Exactly. Submission, servility (not su-
premacy ) become her better.
(8) No; very different things. This London
Reviewer may have learning. Possibly, thats
whats the matter. Much learning may have
made him mad; may have turned the brains
he has. Petticoats, or charity, are often
wanted to cover worse thngs than blue stock-
ings. But we forbear ^ p p.
It is our painful duty to tell our readers in
the face of that glowing autobiograpMcal sketch
we gave a few weeks since of his domestic ac-
complishments as a boy, that in housekeeping
we fear Mr. Beechers manhood' has not realized
the promise of his youtb. A reliable city editor
informs us that one summer, when Mr. Beecher
was left to keep house for himself, he cooked
his own breakfast every morning (so far so good)
but never washed his dishes, getting out each
morning a clean set, for cooking and table pur-
poses,and when he had used all the iron, tin and
crockery in the establishment, he cooked no
more. That might have been in one of those
dispensations when he considers idleness tobe
a duty. (See Ledger.) But we can sympathize
with Mr. Beecher in this seeming neglect, for
the most depressing and discouraging part of a
meal is picking up the fragments, and marshal-
ing pots, pans, knives, forks, spoons and China
in decency and order to their accustomed places.
There is some enthusiasm in compounding del-

icacies, roasting a turkey or boiling vegetables,
all to the point of perfection, spreading the table
with clean napkins, shining silver, pure white
china and vases of flowers, but when the lights
are fled, the garlands dead, and all the hes de-
parted, what a scene of desolation dining-room
and kitchen reveal. We have oiten likened it to a
deserted field of battle.
The pious reflection that here suggests itself is
if the cook and waiter sit rather long at the
table after they have finished tlielr meal, be not
impatient, for they feel the depressing influence
of the desolation and confusion, as well as the
monotony of doing what they have done a thou-
sand times before; without the comforting
knowledge that more intelligent physiologists
possess, that breakfasts, dinners and teas furnish
the base for aU that is exquisite in poetry, paint-
ing and music, for the eloquent orator, the wise
statesman, the astute politician, for faithful
preachers, teachers and mothers, and the troops
of happy children that gladden our streets and
homes. Take every opportunity to exalt to your
cook the dignity of her position, and show her,
that she holds in her keeping the religion and
morals of the family, for no one with dyspepsia
can be either a saint or a hero.
Thebe is too much justice in what Frank
Blair says in rebuke of many republicans and
some abolitionists who have abandoned the
cause of Woman in their zeal lor Manhood
Suffrage, because it can be made immediately
available f;>r the lowest party purposes. In a
recent speech at Indianopolis Mr. Blair said :
The devout creed of Wade, Wendell Phillips, G-errifc
Smith, Lovejoy, Pomeroyall who believe in universal
suffrageheld it sacred as the right of women, as the
fairest and best of our species. Now this whole party
have abandoned this doctrine. Although they have been
absolute in Congress for eight years they have not coun-
tenanced the slightest motion in iavor of this grand re-
ligious idea that rose with them above all party politics,
above all manhood assumption of selfishness. Now it is
all turned to manhood suffrage How this change ?
Has this radical fanatic sect turned Mohammedan ? Have
the women, the fairest portion of creation, ceased to
have souls to be saved ? Have they no rights in society,
no conjugal rights, no maternal instincts or duties to
protect ?or have they no mind's, gifted with intellectual
power, to combine their suffrage as a safeguard ?
Christian Charity.'Women and girls in ser-
vice may be often improvident as well as friend-
less, but should not be turned out of doors in ill-
ness like Catherine Carroll who was fonnd in
Hicks street, near Atlantic, one night last week,
prostrated with chills and fever. The poor wo-
man had been discharged from the servic 3 of a
Mrs. Osborn of Clinton and Willoughby streets
on account of sickness. She had applied to the
Sisters of Charity for admission to their hospi-
tal, at the corner of Hicks and Congress streets,
but was not admitted, as that institution was
full of patients. The officer who found her in
the street took her to the station-house in But-
ler street, and from thence to the Long Island
College Hospital.
Spain and Slavery.It is said the Provision-
al Junta will free the children oFthe blacks, in
anticipation of the total abolition of slavery in
the colonies, by the Cortes. The new govern-
ment in France, after the Revolution of 1793,
immediately emancipated all French slaves.
The horrors of St. Domingo, sO terrible
even to this day, came of the diabolical restora-
tion of the system ten years afterwards.
So far, it moves on gloriously. The Provi-
sional govornment has issued a programme
guaranteeing many real reforms, such as uni-
versal suffrage, religious liberty, the freedom of
the press, the right of public assemblage, radi-
cal changes in the system of education, the
right of trial by jury, the abolition of the Death
Penalty, and the equality of all men before
the law. The judges of the courts to be ap-
pointed for life. The leaders of the Junta, at
Madrid, are monarchical in their preferences,
but have agreed to accept a Republic, if the
people so pronounce at the elections.
Whipping in Schools.A. New Hampshire
correspondent asks if The Revolution is
open to discussion on the question of corporal
punishment in schools. He finds the public sen-
timent all about him still strongly in its favor.
He says : The public have a morbid rever-
ence for long established usages, regardless of
their character. The Press, the Pulpit and the
Lyceum pander to the public taste. Among
all the biutal and devilish .customs which bar-
barism has left us, whipping in school has few
equals. Yet an educated (?) public fosters and
protects it. The Revolution has alluded to
this question repeatedly in terms of unmixed
rebuke and execration. Whipping is the be-
ginning, the support, the tap root of hanging.
A teacher or parent who cannot control chil-
dren without pounding and mangling their
flesh and bones, is not qualified for the station.
A government that can only hang its chiefest
criminals, or that hangs any human being, is
alike incompetent. What says our correspond-
ent to that ?
Honor to Whom Honor.The World says,
The Revolution isbehind time in com-
mending it for full reports of the last facts in
labor and in Womans Suffrage, and says it
can stand such praise without a strain of
complacency, because, in all modesty, it is de-
served by us, and, in all certainty, it is sincere
in The Revolution. The World adds :
The Revolution has not been so remarkable for
keenness as for courtesy in acknowledging our solitary
excellence in news-getting and news-giving, at a day
long after the universal public had discovered the same
But if our praise be sincere when it is be-
stowed, it is, doubtless, a good deal more than
can be said of the universal public, of whose
commendation the World boasts, and should be
therefore the most highly ptized.
What Answer, a story of to-day, by Anna
Dickinson. It is a neatly bound volume ot
three hundred pages, good paper, clear print,
published by Ticknor and Fields, Boston. Price
$1.50. It is a deeply interesting series of
sketches of some of the last eventful years of
our nations history. We will give a more ex-
tended notice hereafter.
A San Francisco girl has made a bsdquilt ot 2,001
Very likely ; but there are many thousands
of girls in the time who have been wisely and
usefully employed, which is much more com-
The Sewing Machine Operators Union meets
at Botanic Hall, 68 East Broadway, this (Thurs-
day) evening, at lb oclock.
The Womens Typographical Union will meet
in the same place, on Monday, Oct. 19th, at 7k
We urge all working women to attend these
meetings. Only good can come from the dis-
cussion of the great problem of the ageHow
to secure to the laborer the just proceeds of his
and her earnings ?
The call for the Womens National Con-
vention to be held in Washington, early it De-
cember, is too late for this weeks paper ; but
let us say to the' friends of woman suffrage in
every state, be sure and be represented there,
either by person or letter. Let this Convention
be a grand rally of the earnest women of the
nation, who believe in the practise of the funda-
mental idea of our Government, No Taxation
without Representation
Remember, the first thing in order when Con-
gress assembles is the District Columbia Suf-
frage bill. Now is the time for the women of
the nation to see that the word male is struck
from that bill. Let the first experiment of a
genuine republic be tried at the Capitol.
William Lloyd Garrison.The papers re-
port Mr. Garrison as on a visit last week to Mrs.
Harriet Beecher Stowe in Hartford, Ct. He
boasts of being a grandfather, and lias three
grandchildren gathered for the present under
his roof at Roxbury. He bears the honors of
age well, though it is now nearly fifty years since
he learned the art of Franklin in the office of
the Newboryport Herald, where Whittier not
long after began to print his youthful verses.
Mrs. Stantons new home is Cedar Hill,
Tenofly, N. J. Her private letters will reach
her there.
Sound Statesmanship.The Address of the
Alabama Democratic State Committee to the
white men of that State contains the following
sound and sensible advice :
We advise our people to accord to the freedmen all
the rights and privileges which the present laws secure to
them. Withhold from them no right to which they are-
entitled. Let them not be obstructed in the exercise of
auy privilege which the laws give them. Under our
present laws they are entitled to the right oi suffrage. Let
them enjoy it freely, voluntarily, amt without molesta-
The Spanish Church.The religious inter-
ests of Spain will test all the wisdom and pru-
dence of her great men m State and Church to
provide for and direct. The country possesses
no less than 800 convents, with 15,000 nuns.
There are 55 bishops, 2,500 canons and abbots,
1,800 regular priest?, 2-1,000 vicars, and'mul-
titades of lesser official:; besides. The budget
for the church is twice r:; high in Spain, which
contains 16 000,000 of : .nils, as in France, with
37,000,000 of Roman Catholics. The church
will probably engage the serious attention of
the government, which, to all present appeal-
ance, is to succeed Queen Isabella and her

ftltt SitwIttUfs*
The Galaxy for October says several of the
English magazines owe their choicest illustra-
tions to the geDius and culture of young wo-
men who have learned to draw on wood.
Many of the finest designs in London Society
and Belgravia are furnished from this source,
and some of the most amusing sporting pictures
in Punch are from the pencil of a young lady
who can draw and ride with equal daring aud
freedom. But until very recently such instan-
ces were rare in this country. Now, however,
the great increase in the number of our illus-
trated periodicals is opening this now field for
women of artistic talent and education. No
one can deny that we have in this country many
young women of high talent and real accom-
plishment as artists. The recent exhibitions of
the National Academy of Design have contained
evidences that American women can attain high
positions in mauy of the departments of art.
But the growing demand for boot and maga-
zine illustrations offers an easier and surer path
to success. Many of the finest illustrations in
the Riverside Magazine are from the pencil of
Miss Lucy Gibbons, whose drawings evince
knowledge, culture, delicate fancy, refined sen-
timent, and great fertility of invention. She
puts her drawings on the block with the facility
and firmness of a master. Miss Mary L. Stone
also draws for th^Riverside and is now engaged
on a series of illustrations for a book to be
published this Fall by Hurd & Houghton, en-
titled Tales ior Little Convalescents. Miss
Stone has a great deal of fancy, an excellent eye
for grouping and composition, and is rarely
fault in drawing the human figure. She .was
for many years the pupil of Edwin White, and
more recently of Prof. Rimmer. The fine illus-
tration entitled Thridding my fingers through
my hair, in the Galaxy lor August, was from
the pencil of Miss Mary Halloek, a young artist
whose compositions contain promise of no or-
dinary kind. Her imagination is sober-suited,
and she has less fancy and humor than either
Miss Gibbons or Miss Slone; but she has a
deeper feeling for composition and light and
shade. Her training,,under Prof. Rimmer, has
been very severe, and she draws with remarka-
ble correctness. Miss C. W. Conant is also giv-
ing attention to drawing on wood, and some of
her compositions show great taste aud culture.
We gratefully acknowledge the receipt of two
circulars sent to us from France. One is an
earnest, enlightened call to a Congress of Peace
and Liberty to be held in Berne, 22d ult
In a list of eleven rules for the control of this
Congress, we noticeNo. 3.Women ska#
he admitted on the same conditions and with the
same rights as men. They are invited to take pari
in the discussion and to propose questions which
are of special interest to them.
The other circular is a letter from Prof. Gus-
tave Vogt, the President of Committee ap-
pointed by above Congress, and from Th. Beck,
Esq. These gentlemen write : It is not from
vain gallantry, but from a sense of justice and
serious respect that the permanent Central Com-
sttittee, after mature reflection, yielding to a ne-
c .sslfcy of constantly increasing weight, has re-
solved to open wide the doors of the League
and of Congress to woman, and in this way re-
cognize publicly her social and political rights
equal in all respects to those of man. We are
deeply convinced that women will bring much
life and force to our work of radical and univer-
sal emancipation.
The letter closes thus: To become a salu-
tary and real power, our League must become
the pure political expression of the great in-
terests and economical and social principles
which are triumphantly developed and propa-
gated to-day by the great international associa-
tion of the laborers of Europe and America.
Hazing is still permitted and practiced in
New England Colleges. If it can be arrested in
no other way, the people should enter and haze
every president, professor and tutor out of
them, if it closed them up forever. It is dis-
graceful to human nature that a custom so
super savage is tolerated for' a day. In any
humbler institution or association it would be
blasted out of being, by breath of popular
opinion, or of the law. When young women
are permitted a place in the colleges, the end of
such brutalities will cease. We were led into
these remarks by tbe following from a Vermont
A disgraceful row took place in the CoUege chapel at
Middlebury on Wednesday of last week, between the
Sophomores and Freshmen, in which one young man
was knocked down and plenty of blows and hard words
expended. We understand that the Sophomores were
the aggressors and that in consequence of the transaction
and the attitude taken by the class in reference to it, tbe
entire Sophomore class in the College was suspended by
the faculty. A delegation of four Sophomores came to
Burlington yesterday and applied to the officers of the
University for admission here, which, however, was of
course denied, aud the young gentlemen left in extreme
disgust and declaring that none of the class would ever
return to Middlebury College.
The University of Michiga'n is among the most
liberal as well as liberally endowed of our liter-
ary institutions. The following extract from
the Annual Report of the President to the Board
of Regents at their late anniversary, vill be
pleasant reading to the patrons of The Revo-
lution :
The Legislature of 1867 adopted the following :
"Resolved, That it is the deliberate opinion of this
Legislature that the high objeots for wbloh the Universi-
ty of Michigan was organized will never be fully attained,
until women are admitted to all its rights and privi-
If this is the deliberate opinion of the Legislature it
maybe supposed to be the opinion of a majority of the
people of the State, and if so, the University belonging
to the State should regard that opinion. A year ago, in
my report, I briefly noticed this subject, and set forth
the objections to the demand made, as f orcibly as I could,
and recommended that no change at that time be made
in the policy of the University. I admitted, however,
that young women ought to have all advantages fur-
nished to young men, but deprecated the agitation, and
perhaps temporary injury to the University that might
ensue, .especially unless proper provision was made
which would involve tne expenditure ol considerable
I advert to the subject again because I believe the State
will not be able to pass it by without investigation and
action, and because the State ought not to neglect it. It
is not right that both girls and boysyoung men and
young womenshould be educated together in our pub-
lic schools, our high schools, and our Normal School,
and that the privileges of University education should
be confined to one-half of the population. If young
women wish to enjoy the advantages of our libraries,
and museums, and laboratories, and lectures and other
instruction, it is simply wroDg to deny them the privi-
lege. If there are difficulties in the way, these questions
should be honestly investigated. Are the difficulties, or
are they not, insuperable ? If they can be properly
guarded against, would tbe expense of doing so be great-
er or less than to duplicate the University, so as to give
equal advantages to women elsewhere ? The more I con-
sider the subject, and the more carefully I study the re-
sults of the education of both sexes in the same schools,
the more inclined am l to the belief that the best method
for Michigan would be to make provision lor the instruc -
tion of women at the University ou the same conditions
as men. I have come to this conclusion slowly. A few
objections have sometimes seemed to me strong, but the
most of what is regarded against it is fanciful, and par-
takes of the nature of the thoughtless opposition to
what is new. The standard of education would not be
changed. The habits of study would not be affected.
The honor of the University would be rather increased
than diminished. It does not injure tbe young man at
the Sorbonne, in Paris, that the ladies, also, can listen to
tbe lectures. The demand that women should enjoy
the same advantages as men, grows out of Christian
civilization, and if difficulties arise, we must not shrink
from them, but remove them. Responsibility makes
strength. I think, however, that to try this experiment
fairly, we should make as soon as convenient some im-
provements in our buildings. Some additional instruc-
tors also might be required. Though tbo additional cost
would be trifling compared wiih that of establishing ano-
ther college for women elsewhere, still it would be
more than could be met by the University out of its
present resources, until the grant made by the State in
1857 could be received.
The Women of Mount Vernon will triumph
or sell dearly their cause. On Tuesday evening
of last week they had theirfirst encounter. 11
it was a defeat, so too were Bull Run an d Bun-
ker Hill. But sublime results followed both in
due time. From the correspondence of the
New York World the following is abridged :
Last night beheld the protomartyrdom of the move
ment for female suffrage iu the United States. Three o f
the women of America offered their ballots to the in-
spector of elections in Mount Vernon, whose name, be it
held up to nover-dying scorn, is Lucas; Lucas being a
strict construotionist, rejected the boon, and tbe three
women of America went away.
This was the way of it. It has happened in Mount
Vernon that the great proportion of the taxable proper-
ty is owned by the women thereof, and, according to
the statements of these fortunate females, it has hap-
pened also that the disbursement of the taxes laid upon
this property has fallen into the hands of a set of scrape^
graces, one of whom has distinguished himself by de-
faultiog in $18,800, and another by absconding with a
sum of which the minimum estimate is $1,500. Withal,
upon the same authority, these officers have the addi-
tional demerit of being sots, and of bestowing profound
inattention upon their official business. The school-
houses are said to be wretchedly ill-provided, ihe school
teachers badly and irregularly paid, and -the school
children utterly untaught. These things had been fer-
menting for along time in the Mount Vernou female
mind, and had come out in bitter words in at least one
instance, but nothing had really been done when, upon
this discontent supervened, about six weeks ago Miss
SusaD B. Anthony, who touched the torch of her elo-
quence to the heap of combustible grievance which sh e
found in Mount Vernon, and the result has been the ex-
plosion of last night. It seems that in the contest for
school officers the Peddlingtonians were divided into tw o
fierce parties who placarded the dead walls of the burgh
with bulletins hortatory and invective. One of the form-
er began tropically, Come One, Come All, and it was
tbis to whicn the handbill ot the women heretofore pub-
lished in the World refers when it sets fortn that they
have been "invited to participate in tbe election.
The officers who were balloted for last evening were
nominated on Saturday evening, aud on that occasion
Mrs. Macdonald, Mrs. Ferguson, Mrs. J. F. Sheppard,
and Miss Lucia Hall favored the caucus with their pre-
sence. They were kindly received, aud had some share
in the nominations, and so indirectly in the election.
But not directly, as will bo seen. Tne election was
held in Laws Hall. The room was divided midway of
its length last night by a barricade of benches, practica-
ble only for inspectors of election and reporters, and ap-
parently intended to serve as a breakwater against the
foaming tids of female fury which was expected to hurl
itself upon the minions of an effdte order of things.
Tbe whole place was redolent of tobacco-smoke, and tbo

{rJU ftwlutUv;
Annies of the crowd were of men and boys of the baser
sort, who obviously came to scoff. Mount Vernon, of
course, was stirred to Its profoundest depths by the ex-
pectation of seeing women at.the poll, and the first part
of the proceedings, the ordinary routine of such an oc-
casion, was beheld with that dull disgust which marks
the demeanor of the auditors at a spectaclo who bend
cold regards on Columbine and Harlequin while the
transformation soene is setting.
It was about 7:30wben at the head of the stairs emerg-
ed the fore-front of the future, incarnated in Mrs. Mary
H. Macdonald. Mrs. Macdonald is a tall lady with dark
hair, peppered a little with gray, which she disposes in
slender curls, deep dark eyes, a very resolute face, and
rather an aggressive appearance generally. She had
surmounted herself on this occasion with a green bon-
not with long strings, and enclosed herself in a walking
suit of some sober color.
Close following was Mrs. Dorothy Ferguson, a Scotch-
woman of mature years, who in her own country has
been an ardent advocate of abstinence, and seems deter-
mined to carry it on, by votmg or otherwise, regarding
suffrage as a mere means towards the end of ousting
drunkards and tipplers from office, and otherwise con-
tributing to their unhappiness. She is a pleasant old
lady, with a prominent and shiny forehead, talks broad
Scotch, and dresses very quietly. Mrs. Fergusons
man is a respectable dealer in hardware in Mount
Then came Mrs. M. Jeannette Farrand, a buxom and
a presentable person of forty or thereabouts, who wears
a dress of the future, possibly, but certainly a gay shawl
and round hat of the immediate present.
Last came Mrs. Catharine M. White, a widow, who has
children of doaile years. She is quite pretty and dress-
es demurely in black.
When these Roman matrons entered the hall of Law,
though one or two irreverent youth ejaculated hi hi,
for which they were forthwith hustled and otherwise
rendered wretched, the temper of the majority of the
crowd was not only good humored but respectful. A
lane was opened, dou n wh'ch the forlorn hope charged
the embrasure of the ballot-box at which stood the
luckless Lucas with his statutory linstock in his hand.
The other inspectors are Mr. Rankin and Mr. Van Court.
Mrs. Macdonald charged ballot in momentous silence.
Mr. Lucas (hurried)Ladies, we are glad to see you,
bht we cant receive your voles.
Semi-chorus of male voicesShame.
Mr. Lucas (in recitative)We have examined the
State law but we find there no clause wher eby the ladies
are allowed to vote.
Then Mr. Lucas lifted up his voice and read from the
State constitution the passage appropriate to the pre-
sent occasion. Alas, it began, Every male citizen.
Mrs. Macdonald faced it with unmoved front and at the
jlnale of shall be entitled to vote, retorted on the
statute-book with sarcasm ;
Yes, gentlemen, drunk or sober.
Lucas was silent. He wasnt there to argue with peo-
ple who disputed bis axioms. So when Mrs. Macdonald
thrust her ballot into his inspeciive hand, he took it and
slipped it quietly under the ballot-box.
Indignant semi-chorus, as beforeShame.
Mrs. Ferguson proffered her ballot. It was put under
the box. Ditto Mrs. Farrand. Result ditto. Mrs.
White became timorous and gave hers to a friendly male
to please' put it into the box. Result unknown.
Then the baffled lour turned and went, But from the
lips of Mrs. Macdonald escaped this Parthian dart:
Well, gentlemen, we havent disgraced you, have we ?
We're going home sober."
Mrs. FergusonWeel, I dinna think weve disgreeced
oursels coomin to the poll. Averything was vara nice
and orderly.
Mrs. F. subsequently remarked, in the freedom of
social conversation, Hoot, its not much to vote. I
co'ild ha done yon that Lucas was doin, weel enough.
It Is said that the party of the future founds its hopes
of getting it9 vote accepted upon the fact that the quali-
fications for voting at school elections are different to
those tor general suffrage which the the inspector read.
80 indeed, they are, bat quoad the present cose, they are
equally inexorable, and begin Every male person.
It is at least sweet to know that the ticket for which
the ladies would have voted was elected by a great ma-
jority, with one exception, a candidate whom Mrs. Mac-
donald and Mrs. White indignantly scratched by reason
of his notorious addiction to billiards and beer. Mrs.
Macdonald herself had five votes for the school-trus-
Th would-be votresses proclaim that they intend to
Pile ir rotes, and to agitate till they get them aQv pt-
Ladies, you deserve
To have atemple built you. Allthe swords
In Westchester, and her confederate arms
Could not have raised this row. Scalpel.
The Equal Rights Association of Wisconsin
held their annual meeting in Fond du Lac on
the 9th and 10th of September. From the Cbm-
monwedlth of that city we copy a part of its pro-
ceedings which appear to have been both
spirited and harmonious. The following De-
claration of Principles was ably considered and
unanimously adopted.
Whereas, All associations, though favorable to tbe
broadest liberty of individual thought and action consis-
tent with the rights of others, should have some general
principles upon which to unite their strength and work
together; therefore,
Resolved, That we pledge our devoled and active sup-
port to the following declarations : 1st. The greatest
good to the greatest numbers requires that the right of
suffrage should be extended to all, under like circum-
stances, without distinction of race, color or sex.
2d, That the officers, both State and National, Presi-
dent not excepted, should be elected by a direct vote of
the people.
3d, The enactment and administration of all laws
should be done with a strict view to economy and the
equity of their effect upon all classes of people within
their jurisdiction.
/Mrs. Paulina J. Roberts of Racine, a practical
farmer in a very large sense, delivered an ad*
dress which was justly complimented by resolu-
tion as follows:
Resolved, That we recognize in Mrs. Paulina J. Rob-
erts, a speaker of great worth and one who will exercise
a powerful influence in the cause of Equal Rights, where-
ever she may be called; and that the Address delivered
by her befbre this association, is filled with unanswer-
able argument and pure logic, and clothed in beauty of
diction and power ol expression rarely equalled. We
therefore unanimously approve of its sentiments, and
extend to her a vote of thanks for the intellectual feast
thus rendered us.
From the address of Mrs. Roberts we give the
following passages:
In the allwise ordering of the Divine economy the
male and female influences combined, are found essen-
tial to the growth and development of every animate
and inanimate thing, from the smallest atom in the
universe, all the way up to living, breathing humanity;
thence upward to the Deity enthroned in the universe.
# * * *
We are often told that the Bible gives us no authority
for womanS'Voting. Very well, you can find no author-
ity there for mans voting. Will you surrender your
right on that ground ? -There is no authority in the
Bible for a republican government. Shall we go back
then to barbarism ? But, says one, law came through
man, and woman had nothing to do with it. Not quite
so fast, we read that Moses (who is reputed to be the
first law giver) weut up into a mountain and there
received the law from the hand of God himself. If that
were time, it oame from the great creating intelligence
which is both male and female, for all creative powers
must combine both these elements, else they could not
give life. Aud I contend that all governments must
combine both elements, else they cannot dispense jua-
lice to all.
* * * *
Again I hear some Pharisee say, that if women were
allowed to vote, all the bad women would go to the polls
and all tbe good ones stay at home. Indeed, do yon fear
this ? Well just let me say for your instruction that all
the bad women, as you please to call them, really have
just as good a right to go to the poll9 and vote as you
have, and other men who have made them what they
are. And as to the good women staying at honajp I must
say they have ever been found ready to do their part in
any good and noble work, and time will prove that they
will not fail us even with the ballot.
Thus far womans whole training has been to make
her pleasing and attractive to the opposite sex rather
than to make her a really useful and noble being. To
play with her parrot or poodle, to suit the silly fancy of
some soft brained fool, or to drudge for some miserable
purpose and brought forth the buried talents and pu
them to use, before she he called to an account for her
If men were reared by noble mothers ; if they were
what a noble and god-like woman would make them, it
would take the noble attributes of woman to attract and
please them. But whilst we are taught that to be
womanly iB to be weak, silly and simple, and men are
born and reared under such influences, we shall have
silly men enough to match with the majoifity of women
And whilst girls are reared for the matrimonial market,
instead of useful, womanly duties ; whilst they are in -
structed to marry for a home, rather than to earn a Ey-
ing ; whilst they are required to give the best part of
their lives to fashionable lolly, instead of remunerative
labor, and that honest industry is degrading to woman
we shall find that men as well as women will fall short
of attaining to the fuE and noble condition which life
has in store for them.
I look to the ballot as the first stepping-stone toward
overcoming these terribly false conditions.
****** *
If I want my rights, or would use them, what right
have you to deny me because another does not ask the
same ?
If there is a woman here that does not want to vote,
that says she has all the privileges she wants, or rights
he can use, may God pity her lor her blindness, for she
may be innocent of the wrong she is doing.
But let me tell yon, dear sister. If you are blessed
with such privileges and conditions, they ace a blessing
lent, rather than your legal right. And if you are sur-
rounded by kind, loving, and gentle influences, remem-
ber that there are thousands upon thousands of women
who are suffering from unjust legislation, thousands
who are toiling ha f fed, half clothed, homeless, friend-
less, shelterless, for no fault of their own, but because
their lines have not been cast in as pleasant places as
yours. And who knows, my dear woman, but your
daughter may one day make one of' that unhappy num
ber! who knows but that she may some day be tyra
nized over by a drunken husband I
Who knows but thal'your daughters children may yo
cry for bread, whilst the drunken profligate, who claims
to be their representative and legal protector shall
wrest from them the cherished loaf to barter for Equor
fire tbat consumes his manhood ! .
Oh, my dear sisters, have you no duties to suffering
humanity ? Have j ou no sympathies for the wretched,, toiling, starving sisters of want and woe, be-
cause you have enough and to spare? Have you no sym.
patby for those who have gone down to the gates of h ell
for the sake of a few crumbs to save their ehildren from
starvation ? Mother has your worn heart never gone out
in sympathy for those sons who have been lured by
temptation into gambEng hells and drinking saloons, and
from there into houses of prostitution, all of which men
Ecensed? Do you know that mans managed, usurped
power and his legal power, excuse much for him, which
woman is oursed lor ; and have you not something to do
to gain this power for woman, which shaU help to raise
her up from such conditions, instead of her dragging man
down to her condition ?
Let us not be satisfied until woman can be encour-
aged and protected in every position which she has
talent to attain. Until she can work when she will, and
where she will and receive a just recompense for her
labors ; until she can he respected for what she is, lor
herself, and not he obliged to marry for home or reputa-
tion ; until she can herself be the owner and possessor
of her own selfhood; until laws, customs and society it-
self will accord to her in all places and under all circum-
stances just what it would to man under the
Deab Miss Anthony : Permit me to congratu-
late you on your success in presenting the claims
of workingwomen at the late National Labor
Congress. The formation of Wor! ing womens
Associations was preliminary work in the right
direction; and the appointment of delegates from
these bodies, their kindly reception by the Labor
Congress, and the good work done by them and
by tbeir sister delegate, Mrs. Stanton, during the
sessions ,were causes of sincere rejoicing. Your
zeal in behalf of worMngwomen is worthy of
the highest commendation, and the agitation
ir. it is tim* that woman lived for some nobler which you are giving to the subject of theij

fbt iUvfllutifltt.
wrongs and claims through The Revolu-
tion will greatly advance the muoh reeded
Yours, for the laborer,
Mary F. Davis.
Orange, N. J.
A Cheap Cooking Stove.An English paper
says that on the twenty-second of July, beef-
steak was cooked on the south side of West-
minster Bridge by the heat of the sun's rays
alone. The apparatus employed consisted of
an empty cigar-box, the inside of which had
been blackened, and the top closed with three
panes of glass, about one inch ap art. In the
course of twenty minutes, it is added, the steak
was done on both sides, and a few potatoes had
been baked around it.
j* Principal and Interest in Gold.The First
Mortgage fifty-year seven per cent. Sinking Fund Cou-
pon Bond of the Bockford, Bock Island, and St. Louis
Bailroad Company, principle and interest payable in
GOLD COIN, fret of government tax, are for sale at the
office of the Company, No. 12 Wall street, at 97 per
cent., and accrned interest in currency.
Pamphlets, giving fuller information, may be had at
the office.
Government and other securities received in exchange,
at market rates.
H. H. BOODY, Treasurer.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches for the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of tne readers of The Eevoltjtion
and all others who desire a perfect time-keeper, Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have, also in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they hav^ named the Benedict lime Watch, they
having th e supervision of the manufacture of the move-
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, aDd less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature ot this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stock of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
lair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, e91 Broadway.
From the Literary Album,
It is but a few years, comparatively, since America
could lay claim to a literature peculiarly her own. Be-
fore J. Fennimore Cooper wroteand that seems but
yesterdaywe were dependent, almost entirely, upon
Europe lor our stock ol novels. But as our nation in-
creased in wealth and importance, and the necessity oi
laboring late and early lor a hare subsistence grew less,
a taste for light and entertaining literature sprung up,
which continued to grow day by day and year by year,
till we have at length become a nation of romance
The tasto for romance reading, as a natural conse-
quence, developed a class of romance writers, and now,
instead of depending upon Europe for light reading, we
absolutely furnish our neighbors across the water with
two-tbirds of the matter which they serve up to their
Among the writers of romance who have sprung up
within the past few years, none perhaps have won so
wide-spread and well-merited a popularity as those who
contribute to the columns of the New York Weekly*
literary journal which has now reached the enormous
circulation of two hundred thousand copies. The last
s f ory issued by this popular weeklyand which is now
in course-of publicationis one entitled Siballa the
Sorceress ; or, the Flower Girl of London.* It is from
the pen of Prof. Wm. Henry Peck, and is beyond ques-
tion one of the most thrilling romances of modern times.
The story is drawn from that exciting and troublous era
in English history, when Bichard m., the crooked-
baoked tyrant, went through bi.s short but bloody reign,
and the characters introduced are mainly historical, al-
though the story, as a whole, is woven out of pure ro-
mance ; and a romance it makes, loo, of a most startling
and thrilling character. The pure and spotless character
of the heroine, the beautiful 'Lauretta, at once awakens
the deepest sympathies of the reader ; and the lofty
character and daring deeds of the hero, young Morti-
mer, calls forth the most intense admirationwhile the
diabolical character ofSiballa the Sorceress, and her
coadjutors, the powerful Lord Boger de Montford and
his libertine son, call forth feelings of unqualified horror
and disgust. The truth is, it is impossible to read this
great story without becoming entirely wrapped up in it*
The incidents are so various and the scenes change eo
suddenly that one finds himself entirely carried away
taken prisoner completely, so to Speak. At one moment
he is thrilled with admiration at some noble action, and
at the next filled with horror at some fiendish plot, the
successful issue of which seems inevitable. Let no one
hope to read this wonderful story and preserve a steady
pulse, for that is impossible. He will by turns feel the
hot blood leaping like lightning through his veins with
pleasurable excitement, or suffer from the dread chill
which fear induces'. To all who are fond of genuine
romance, however, we would say, by all means read
Siballa the Sorceress; or, the Flower Girl of London,
published in the New York Weekly.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Prc duels and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Oi'edil Mohilier System, br Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests, .
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver,
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices. .
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND:
en the Brotherhood of Labor, aad keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
YOL. II.NO. 15.
Editors of the Revolution:
I find in your last number, (Oct. 8th) three
articles ou the above subjects, all founded on
the idea so generally entertained that the value
of our money can be determined by legislation,
and consequently that paper or other inexpen-
sive materials might be substituted for gold and
silver, which cost labor, and have a value for
This view, it seems to me, is an error which
has resulted from observing that so far as our
creditors confe under the action of our laws,
they can be compelled to accept debased coins,
or paper of doubtful convertibility, in place of
the money we had promised ; though if we look
farther, we shall find that in paying debts
abroad, where the standard has not been chang-
I ed, qx in making new purchases at home, it re-
quires as many more dollars as will make the
difference in commercial value, between the old
and the new ; proving conclusively, that our
money has a value of its own, dependent upon
weight and fineness and not upon legislation,
which can only attaoh names, and marks, by
which these elements shall be readily known.
It is true, that by legislation we can create a
fictitious, unnecessary demand for specie, as we
did by establishing the sub-treasury system,
and insisting upon the use of specie for the few
hundreds of millions required in government
transactions, while more thousands of millions
of private exchanges are easily and safely effect-
ed by the use of paper representing and acting
as the title to merchandise at specie prices.
Gold and silver require labor for their pro-
duction ; and although the amount of this labor
never has been or can be free from variation,
still, it is more uniform than in regard to other
products ; and at the same time, there is a more
general and uniform appreciation of these
metals among all nations than of any other ma-
Commerce has determined the relation which
these bear to other products, and legislation as
has already been said, can only affix names, and
marks by which we may know the weight and
fineness and consequently the cost and value of
the mass presented.
When we degraded our gold coins during the
administration of Andrew Jackson, we simply
defrauded every domestic creditor and made it
necessary afterward to pay 9 or 9 \ per cent, ex-
change between our gold and that of England,
which had not been chauged. It takes now
$4,84 of our gold to pay for a pound sterling
and not $4.44 as in former times, and that should
be a sufficient answer to all who imagine that
human laws can subvert those made by the
higher power upon which all things depend.
We might, as many claim, adopt time as our
standard, if it could be shown that the service of
any two persons had the same value, or power.
But, that can never be, and therefore we
must agree upon some useful materials which
are produced mainly by merely manual, the
honest form of labor, and let those serve our
purpose as well as we can.
When we speak of currency, as it is generally
understood, we mean bank notes and legal ten-
ders, which to most persons seem more like
money than any other form of paper, if they
are not money in fact as many believe.
Mr. Webster once said, that all those things
with which we effect our commercial transac-
tions are currency, and this is the simple, but
very important truth which we would have all
It will sometime be found that cashiers and
other checks, drafts, bills of exchange, and all
forms of paper which serve to represent and
transfer commodities, are currency, and that
the volume of all this must be determined by
the price and quantity of merchandise to be
exchanged. The currency, in whatever form it
may appear, is but an effect, or instrument, and
has no power as a cause.
But, gold and silver which cost labor and
have a value for use, are causes, and just so far'
as the labor required for production, or the de-
mand for use is in any considerable degree
diminished, the price as compared with other
things will fall, or what is the same in effect,
other prices will rise, and no legislation can
prevent this result.
This effect has already been observed, and
there are those who long before Chevalier ex-

pressed his opinion, predicted that gold would
some day become as cheap as silver, ond that
prices measured by the former alone, would be
fifteen times greater than at that date.
Since then they have been doubled here, and
more or less increased all over the world, and
the bankers in Europe are now seriously con-
sidering whether they can safely lend money
now which some years hence when repaid will
not purchase half as much corn as at present.
They find that gold and silver have a com-
mercial value which legislation cannot increase
or diminish, though other causes may do either,
and it is to their experience and conclusions
that we point our friends who do not yet see the
question as we do. David Wilder.
Boston, Oct. 8, 1868.
was easier and call loans range from 6 to 7 per cent, with
exceptions at 5 per cent, on governments. Discounts
are steady at 7 per cent. The weekly hank statement is
considered favorable. The loans are decreased $3,958,-
286, the specie $2,411,238, the deposits $5,865,180, and
the legal tenders only $235,361.
The following table shows the changes m the New
Yor'c city banks compared
Oct. 3.
Loans, $269,553,868
Specie, 11,767,335
Circulation, 34,154,806
Deposits, 194,919,177
Legal-tenders, 60,240,447
with the preceding week :
Oct. 10. Differences.
$265,595,582 Dec. $3,958,286
9,346,097 Dec. 2,411.238
34,188,103 Inc. 33,297
189,053,997 Dec. 5,865,180
60.005,086 Dec. 235,361
was heavy and declined throughout the week, closing at
137% to 138.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest, Closing.
Saturday Sept. 3,140% 140% 139% , 140
Monday, 5, U0% 140% 139% 140
Tuesday, 6, 140% 140% 139% 140%
Wednesday, 7, , 140 140% 139% 140'
Thursday, 8, 139% 139% 188% 139%
Friday, 9, 138% 139% 138% 139
Saturday, 10, 138% 138% 188% 138%
Monday, 12, 138% 138% 137% 137%
is firmer, and commercial bills are scarce. The quota-
tions are prime bankers 60 days sterling bills 109% to
109%, and sight 109% to 110, Francs on Paris bankers
long S. 15% to 5.17%, and short 5.13% to 5.12%.
was active and strong throughout the week, the chief
feature being Pacific Mail and the St. Paul shares, Rock
Island and Wabash. The extraordinary advance in Pa-
cific Mail is owing to arrangements having been con-
cluded with the company and Mr, Webb by which they
buy the Oregonian, and the other opposition steamers
. are all permanently withdrawn. The Pacific Mail Com-
pany will thus once more enjoy the industrial monopoly
of the trade from New York to San Francisco.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations: ,
Canton, 48% to 50; Boston W. r., 16% to 17 : Cum-
berland, 34 to 36 ; Quicksilver, 24 to 24% ; Mariposa, 8
to 9 : Mariposa preferred, 22 to 22% ; Pacific Mail, 126%
to 127 ; W. U. Tel., 36% to 36% ; N. Y. Central 128% to
128% ; Erie, 48% to 48% ; Erie preferred, 70 to 72 ; Hud-
son River, 135 to 135% ; Reading, 97% to 97% ; Wabash,
61 to 61% ; Mil. & St. P., 102% to 103 ; do. preferred,
103% to 103% ; Fort Wayne, 111% to 111% ; Ohio &
Miss., 30% to 30% ; Mich. Central, 118 to 119% ; Micb.
South, 86% to 86% ; 111. Central, 144 to 146 ; Pittsburg,
88% to 88%; Toledo, 103% to 103% ; Rock Island, 107%
to 107% ; North West, 92% 92% ; do. preferred, 92% to
to 93.
was strong and aotive in the early part of the week, but
declined at the close in sympathy with gold.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
Reg. 1881, 112% to 112%; Coupon, 1881, 113% to
tflU fmhtUOtt,
114 ; Reg. 5-20, 1362, 104% ;to 105 ; Coupon, 5-20
1862,112% to 112% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 110% to 110%;
Coupon, 5-20,1865,110% to 110% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865,
Jan. and July, 108% to 108%; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
108% to 108%; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 109% to 109%;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103% to 103%; 10-40 Coupon, 105%
to 105%.
for tbe week were $2,764,350 in gold against $ 2,408,429,
$3,460,256 and $2,921,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $4,057,449
in gold against $6,733,633 $4,098,601 and $5,613,175 for
th3 preceding weeks, The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $3,072,568 in currency against $2,686,708 $2,599,.
006, aDd $3,163,024 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $43,620 against $283,128,
$104,468 and $646,890 for the pveceding weeks.
School Dialogues, Essays, or Lectures on any
given subject. May be had on easy terms, and of the
purest moral tone, by addressing
Hudson City, N. J.
Office i & Depot,
* to every one who uses Soissors of any size what-
ever. It roadily produces a sharp, smooth, edge on
the scissors to which it may bo applied.
For sale at Hardware, Fancy Goods and Drug Stores.
Samples sentby mail to any address on enclosing
80 cents to Office and Depot as above.
KB.Dealers supplied on liberal terms.
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho-
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
Nos. I and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opposite
Cooper Institute.
ALL DESPOITS made on or before Oct, 20 will draw
interest from Oct. 1.
Interest payable in January, six per cent, (free from
government tax) on all sums from $5 to $5,000.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. H. Lillie, Secretary. 14 15
of the New York Infirmary, 126 Second Avenue, will
open Nov, 2d. For prospectus, apply to
14 17 Dr. E. BLACKWELL, Sec.
_Lv Women, will open November 2, 1868, at their new
building, 187 Second aveoue, to continue twenty weeks.
Besides a general practice, giveB special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse
No. 231 Broadway, New York,
Insures lives upou Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eolectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium,.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any ether company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, tbe assured being required only in sucb cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
all policies non-forfeitable,
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow irom Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the e\mpathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
Send for Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. Marshall, 157 East 34th street.
Stewart L. Woodford, Lieut.-Gov. State' N. Y.
James Cushing, Jr., of Leroy W. Fairchild & Co.
Edward E. Eames, of H. B. CJaflin & Co.
Elisha Brooks, of Brooks Bros., 468 Broadway.
Richard B. Connolly, Comptroller N. Y. City.
Robert Sewell, of Sewell & Pierce, 62 Broadway.
Georgs G. Lake, of Lake & McCreery, 471 Broadway.
Richard Kelly, Pres. Fifth National Bank.
John Simpkins, 29 Wall street.
William C. Dunton, of Bulkley, Dunton & Co., 74 John
Peter Lang, of Lang & Clarkson, 4 Front street.
William B. Kendall, of Bigelow Carpet Co., 65 Duaoe
Hiram W. Warner (late Warner & Loop), 322 Fifth
Charles L. Stiokney, 209 Bowery.
William Radde, Publisher, 550 Pearl street.
Thomas B. Asten, 124 East 29th street.
Gerard B. Hammond, Tarrytown, N. Y.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President
EDW. A. STANSBURY, Secretary.
f. SSSSSi? MDD. } Medical Examiners.
At office daily from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicilors wanted.
general agents.
Dr. rJohn Turner, 725 Tremont street, Boston.
Reynell & Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New Yozk and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wightman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 69 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
Jobn W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
Oounties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
Notary Public, New York.

Are now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probable tnat
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment giants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found* along the line of its opera-
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road; also United
States Thirty-,) ear Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sur-
mounted on, the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amountmay
be paid in services rendered by the Company in irans
porting troops, mails, etc.
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 80, 1868, amounted to over
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
hut they certainly prove that
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They hear
annual interest, payable on tile first days of January and
July at the Companys Offioe in the city of New York, at
the rate of six per cent in gold. The principal ispayable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value of these bonds is the length of time they have to
It is well known that a long bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. H is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years tbe rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1867, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe tbat their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve the right to advance the price at any time. Sub-
scriptions will bo received in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in drafts or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sentfree of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
ocal agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
ished by the Company, giving fuller information than
possible in an advertisement, respecting the Progress of
he Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Rciad, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Company's offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer,
ept, 14, 1868. New York.
ft* jKtVtfllttUtt.
jglB A LL A,
on, THE
A Tale of the days of Richard Crookback.
Author Of Beaument, the Banker ; * Wild Redburn ;
The Executioner of VeDice; The Beauty of
Paris; 'Ashes of Southern Homes; Copper
and Gold; The Attorneys Plot; Maids and
Matrons of Virginia; The War in Georgia;
The Confederate Flag on the Ocean ; The Foot-
prints of Crime; The Conspirators of New Or-
leans ; Bertha Seely ; Beatrice Holmes ;
The Brothers Vengeance, etc., etc., etc.
The great inventive talent of this prolific and always
intensely entertaining author has never been more bril-
liantly displayed in any of his popular romancesand
he has never written an unsuccessful onethan in this
brilliant gem of sensational literature,
now published in the
The story opens in the last year of the reign of
who is one of the prominent characters in this intensely
exciting and vigorously executed romance.
The dark superstitions of these stormy days of Eng-
lish history, which marked the close of
the craftv and desperate heart of Richard of Gloucester
the cold and scheming ambition of Henry of Richmond,
the fierce struggle of the haughty nobles and the reso-
lute people for right and wrong; the noble and patriotic
soul of William Caxton,
together with a love sxoby of most absorbing and in-
teresting character, sparkling with incidents, episodes,
plot and counterplot, thrilling soenes, fearful adventures,
and dialogue of great dramatic powersall these are dis-
cussed, depicted and delineated with that graceful ease
and nervous strength of the pen which the readers of
tnis always universally read author are so familiar.
The characters of the beautiful Lauretta, the Flower
Girl, and of little Fla, the intended victims of the
ferocious sorceress, Siballa, and her good sister, will at
once become clear to the reader, and all the gentler emo-
tions of the soul be excited with sympathy tor her trials.
Noble and vicious passions have each its potent re-
presentatives in this great romance, as : The brave and
honorable Mortimer Clair, the dark and plotting Roger
de Mountfort; the reckless and daring mercenary. Sir
Barton ; the heartless libertine. Sir Simon ; the bold
and independent printer, Nicholas Flame; the devoted
and widowed mother, Madame Clair; the helpless or*
phans power to resist cruelty and temptation, as dis-
played in little Fla; pure love and resolnte deter-
mination to die rather than siu, as depicted in the charac-
ter of Lauretta, the beautiful flower girl; the ruthless
ambition of the hump-backed king ; the treachery of his
resentful lords ; the calm dignify of Caxton, the father of
English printing ; hideous vice in every phase in Siballa
and ber gaunt limb of sister, the jailoress; and the
power of an evil mind to make even birds and beasts
fearfal accomplices in crime, as the skillful author pic-
tures tbe thrilling style in Philip the Owl, and Rarab tbe
Assassin Ape.
The plot of the story is admirable in its originality and
firmness to the very end, the reader being kept pro.
fonndly interested throughout.
This great story, with others of great power and in-
terest, Me now being published in the
and will be followed by others by the very best writers.
by News Agenfs throughout the United States and th a
Canadas. The price is six cents, bnt where agents hav e
to pay extra freight, ahigher rate is charged. Wedesire
our friends to purchase from News Agents where con-
venient. When sent by mall : Single copies, $3 per
annum ; four copies, $10, whicn is $2.60 a copy ; eight
copies $20the person sending us $20 for a club of eight,
all sent at one time, will be entitled to a copy FREE.
Postmasters and others who get up olubs can afterward
add single copies at $2.60 each.
ERARY ALBUM will be sect to one address for $6 a year.
No. 52 Fulton street, N. Y.
Tt treats Catholicism, Uuiversalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism. Spiritualism, Womans Rights and Free-
Love as candidly as Hepworth Dixon.
Treats of the W^man Question in more respects than
any other work of its size.Revolution.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued.Philadelphia City Item. 16 ly
jyj-RS. E. V. BURNS,
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets. Gin -
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Cnarts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list.
Instiuccion given at the class-room or by mail in the
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any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo r
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in Monmouth County, one of
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Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
Emhraoes a Hospital Department for invalids; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls.. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
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All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
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For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 195 Erie el, Cleveland, O.
20 North William street,
18-1 v New York,
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 30th
may be had by addressing the authoress,
Hudson City, New Jersey.