Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA TORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. n.NO. 17. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1868. WHOLE NO. 43.
Ci>f ttfualntian.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK cm SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
.ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, ] Manor*.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order of Susan 5. Anthony.
POST-OFFICE MONEY OBDEBS
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means Of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been sent to us with-
out any loss.
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effeot June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter Is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ihe postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS!
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and srx DOLLARS, W6 Will
give one copy of
REBECCA; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Woman's Enfranchisement.
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Diok-
lnson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give one copy of
KELLOGG'S NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,"
Price $1.25.
For two new SUBS0R3ERS and FOUR dollars, we will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ANNA E. DICKINSON,
or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 eaob, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Priee, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For AO Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett- Price,
$40.
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Lady's Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $75,
For 100 Subscribers, an elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time,
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
tail prices.
WOMEN AS PRIN1ERS.
It is no longer a doubi; as to whether women
are competent to learn and carry on the busi-
ness of printing. They not only set type ad-
mirably, as in our own office, but they perform
all the work of publishing, editing and printing
newspapers and other important works. Who
shall say that this one success is not worth all
that the womans rights enterprise has hitherto
cost! And yet this is hut one of many, and not
one of the most important either. The Revo-
lution itself is alone a triumph.
While on this subject it may be opportune to
say that our own printer is now ready to con-
tract for the printing of any journal, newspaper,
or magazine that may be offered, on terms that
cannot fail to give most entire satisfaction.
The printing of The Revolution is of itself
sufficient assurance of our ability to execute, the
highest styles of work ever required. It is our
wish to so extend our business as to give em-
ployment to many more of the girls and young
women already applying daily at this office.
MOUNT VERNON AGAIN.
Some perturbed spirits in that little lownling
are in distress at the agitation awakened and
widely spreading on the Woman question.
The editor of the Village News comforts them
by the assurance that
Mount Vernon is no more prepared for the radical
measure of female suffrage than other towns. We doubt
if as much as ordinary villages since the recent agitation
of the subject. The excitement got up reminds us of
the agitated mountain and the poor little mouse.
We do not know which the editor would call
mouse or which mountain ; but really he should
in our opinion be thanklul that the events he
seems to deplore have Lifted his village into a
consequenoe it never had before, and that we
fear his paper never would have, given it.
Neither his town, his paper, nor himself wero
ever half so well advertised before. As to the
Womans Rights Cause, it would be glad of his
friendly oo-operation ; and he, too, can ill afford
to withhold it, did he only know it, or could he
see a little beyond his nose. But it surely has
nothing to lose or fear from his opposition.
Petitions to Congress.The work is well
begun. Watertown in this state leads the way.
Tiie Petition from there has already come to us,
splendidly signed, to be forwarded to Washing-
ton. The Chinese buy up all the old postage
stamps of Europe and ornament acres of their
furniture with them. Let us paper Washington
a 1 over with our petitions for Impartial Suffrage.
College Hazing.For the honor of human
nature this brutdlism is to cease. Ku Klux
Elans are to prowl in other haunts than our
colleges and Universities. Two or three turn-
ings upon the ruffianly cowards assailing and
the breaking of some heads of theirs (not re-
quiring a very hard kDock to do it) has had
good result, and now the colleges are getting
civilized up to the average standard of decent
society. It gives us pleasure to print the fol-
lowing resolution passed by the students of
Bowdoin, on the 7th instant. All honor to the
young braves who thus dare to set their loot on
a hoary but brutal custom. Its doom is sealed :
Whereas, in view of the fact that certain exaggerated
reports in regard to the custom of haziug have
brought reproach upon this institution, and in some de-
gree, retarded its prosperity, it has become our duty to
declare publicly our sentiments concerning it; there-
fore,
Resolved, That (he Class of '70, deeming it incum-
bent on them to maintain the inviolability of personal
rights and to support the best interests of this insti-
tution in preference to ail injurious customs, will here-
after reprobate and condemn hazing in any form.
TEE DEMOCRAT ON WOMANS RIGETS,
The Democrat and its gallant and plucky
editor are certainly right on the woman ques-
tion, and their example is worthy of all admi-
ration and imitation. The Republican press
has not often spoken like the following. We
are assured too that Mr. Pomeroy is a practical
friend of the working men in all good senses;
that is he is an example of temperance to them,
and that when in Wisconsin, h8 had not a man
in his employ who drank intoxicating beverages,
or used tobacco, or profane language.' They
call him Brick for short, or for some reason,
but it is pleasant to speak well of him on good
authority outside of his political ideas, however
we may disapprove of them ; especially his un-
necessary and unnatural spleen and spite to-
wards the, at present, most unfortunate colored
race. On the woman question he writes thus :
Miss Anthony struck the right nail on the head when
she pooh-poohed the idea that female operatives should
look for favors, insisting rather that they should do
and accept only the Hght. In other words, a clerk, male
or female, shall be paid according to the service ren-
dered, a compositor according to the work done, and so
on. through the entire list. Here we join hands with
this sensible champion of her sex, who for the moment
seems to have dismounted irom her customary quadru
ped of elevated s tature. A man is worth one, or ten, or
a hundred dollars a day, according to the grade and
finish ol his work ; a woman should be permitted to
start from the same point, and be governed by precisely
the same rules.
The difficulty lies iu the difference between the sexes.
So long as men and women are built as they now
are, so long as women accept and men pay attentions \
so long will it bepr >clicaWy impossible for the two to be
anything like competitors in any known line of occupa-
tion.
Take the literary branch for example. We have infl
nitely more trouble with the ladies who favor us with
their articles than with others. If a contributor of the
masculine persuasion sends us an unacceptable comma
nication, a plain rejected settles tbe business ; if, on
the other hand, the production of a lady i9 rejected, and
we have no time to explain why, no time to talk
about itas we never haveten to one she leels hurt,
and wonders why it is that editors have so little sympa-
thy with women.
Good women are desirable wives; men don't care to
have their wives at workergo, the vast majority of good
women who enter trade or other occupation not servile,


258 *
very soon marry and leave the business. Bad women
are neither desirable wives nor employees.
The problem is difficult. If Miss Anthony in her zeal
and her noble-hearted, clear-headed (there it goes again
it is impossible for us even to treat these ladies simply
as equals) companion, Mrs. Stanton, can devise a plan
whereby coats and trousers, chignons and hoop-skirts
will be counted out of the question, so that both sexes
shall stand on the equal platform of desert, they -will
solve the whole matter. Until then, women composi-
tors, with but few exceptions, will expect 'fat takes,
will r.ol care to do the dirly work about the rooms, and
wi.l talk and laugh and flirt with the men ; while ou the
other hand, until the foremen understand themselves
better than now, they will show favoritism, and will not
entorce necessary discipline.
We are heartily In favor of woman's rights.
We are cordially against womans nonsense.
We believe firmly in their right to occupy every proper
field of mental and manual labor ; we believe not at all
in the sentimentalism which would take them in as a
favor, and treat them afterwards as pets rather than as
workers.
THR RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONEORAFT1790.
CHAPTER IS.
OF THE PERNICIOUS EFFECTS WHICH ARISE FROM
THE UNNATURAL DISTINCTIONS ESTABLISHED
IN SOCIETY.
Women are, in common with men, rendered
weak and luxurious by the relaxing pleasures
which wealth procures; but added to this, they
are made slaves to their persons, and must ren-
der them alluring, that man may lend them his
reason to guide their tottering steps aright. Or
should they be ambitious, they must govern
their tyrants by sinister tricks, for with out rights
there cannot be any incumbent duties. The
laws respecting woman, which I mean to dis-
cuss in a future part, make an absurd unit of a
man and his wife ; and then, by the easy transi-
tion of only considering him as responsible, she
is reduced to a mere cypher.
The being who discharges the duties of its
station, is independent; and, speaking of wo-
men at large, their first duty is to themselves as
rational creatures, and the next in point of im-
portance, as citizens, is that, which includes so
many, of a mother. The rank in life which dis-
penses with their fulfilling this duty, necessarily
degrades them by making them mere dolls. Or,
should they turn to something more important
than merely fitting drapery upon a smooth
block, their minds are only occupied by some
soft platonic attachment; or, the actual manage-
ment of an intrigue may keep their thoughts in
motion; for when they neglect domestic duties,
they have it not in their power to take the
field and march and counter-march like soldiers,
or wrangle in the senate to keep their faculties
from rusting.
I know, that as a proof of the inferiority of
the sex, Rousseau has exultingly exclaimed, How
can they leave the nursery for the camp! And
the camp has by some moralists been termed
the school of the most heroic virtues; though,
I think, it Would puzzle a keen casuist to prove
the reasonableness of the greater number of
wars, that have dubbed heroes. I do not mean
to consider this question critically; because,
having frequently viewed these freaks of ambi-
tion as the first natural mode of civilization,
when the ground must be tom up, and the
woods cleared by fire and sword, I do not choose
to call them pests; but surely the present sys-
tem of war has little connection with virtue of
any denomination, being rather the school of
jinesse and effiminacy than of fortitude.

Yet, if defensive war, the only justifiable
war, in the present advanced state of society,
where virtue can show its face and ripen amidst
the rigors which purity the air on the moun-
tains top, were alone to be adopted as just and
glorious, the true heroism of antiquity might
again animate female bospms. But fair and
softly, gentle reader, male or female, do npt
alarm thyself, for though I have contrasted the
l character of a modern soldier with that of
civilized women, I am not going to advise them
to turn their distaff into a musket, though I sin-
cerely wish to see the bayonet converted into a
pruning hook. I only recreated an imagination,
fatigued by contemplating the vices and follies
which all proceed from a feculent stream of
wealth that has muddied the pure rills of natural
affection, by supposing that society will some
time or other be so constituted, that man must
necessarily fulfil the duties of a citizen, or be
despised, and -that while he was employed in
any of the departments of civil life, his wife,
also an active citizen, should be equally intent
to manage her family, educate her children, and
assist her neighbors.
But, to render her really virtuous and useful,
she must not, if she discharge her civil duties,
want, individually, the protection of civil laws ;
she must not be dependent on her husbands
bounty for her subsistence during his life, or
support after his deathfor how can a being be
generous who has nothing of its own ? or, vir-
tuous, who is not free ? The wife, in the pre-
sent state of things, who is faithful to her hus-
band, and neither suckles nor educates her chil-
dren, scarcely deserves the name of a wife, and
has no right to that of a citizen. But take
away natural rights, and there is or course an
end of duties.
Women thus infallibly become only the wan-
ton solace of men, when they are so weak in
mind and body, that they cannot exert them-
selves, unless to pursue some frothy pleasure,
or to invent some frivolous fashion. What
can be a more melancholy sight to a thinking
mind, than to look into the numerous carriages
that drive helter-skelter about this metropolis
in a morning, full of pale-faced creatures who
are flying from themselves ? I have often wished,
with Dr. Johnson, to place some of them in a
little shop, with half a dozen children looking up
to their languid countenances for support I
am much mistaken, if some latent vigor would
not soon give health and spirit to their eyes, and
some lines drawn by the exercise of reason on
the black cheeks, which before were only undu-
lated by dimples, might restore lost dignity to
the character, or rather enable it to attain the
true dignity of its nature. Virtue is not 'to be
acquired even by speculation, much less by the
negative 'supineness that wealth naturally gener-
ates.
Besides, when poverty is more disgraceful
than even vice, is not morality cut to the quick ?
Still, to avoid misconstruction, though I consider
that women in the common walks of life are
called to fulfil the duties of wives and mothers,
by religion and reason, X cannot help lamenting
that women of a superior cast have not a road
open by which they can pursue more extensive
plans of usefulness and independence. I may
excite laughter, by dropping a hint, which I
mean to pursue some future time, for I really
think that women ought to have representatives,
instead of being arbitrarily governed without
having any direct share allowed them in the
deliberations of government.
But, as the whole system of representation is
now, in this country, only a convenient handle
for despotism, they need not complain, for they
are as well represented as a numerous class of
hard working mechanics, who pay for the sup-
port of royalty when they can scarcely stop
their childrens mouths with bread. How aie
they represented, whose very sweat supports
the splendid stud of the heir apparent, or var-
nishes the chariot of some female favorite who
looks down on shame ? Taxes on the very ne-
cessaries of life, enable an endless tribe of idle
princes and princesses to pass with stupid pomp
before a gaping crowd, who almost worship the
very parade which costs them so dear. This is
mere gothic grandeur, something like the bar-
barous, useless parade of having sentinels on
horseback at Whitehall, which I could never
view without a mixture of contempt and indig-
nation.
How strangely must the miud be sophisti-
cated when this sort of state impresses it 1 But
till these monuments of folly are levelled by
virtue, similar follies will leaven the whole mass.
Bor the same character, in some degree, will
prevail in the aggregate of society : and the re-
finements of luxury, or the vicious repinings of
envious poverty, will equally banish virtue from
society, considered as the characteristic of that
society, or only allow it to appear as one of the
stripes of ihe harlequin coat,, worn by the civil-
ized man.
j In the superior ranks of life, every duty is
done by deputies, as if duties could ever be
waved, and the vain pleasures which consequent
idleness forces the rich to pursue, appear so en-
ticing to the next rank, that the numerous
scramblers for wealth sacrifice everything to
tread on their heels. The most sacred trusts
are then considered as sinecures, because they
were procured by interest, and only sought to
enable a man to keep good, company. Women,
in particular, all want to be ladies. Which is
simply to have nothing to do, but listessly to go
they scarcely care where, for they cannot tell
what.
But what have women to do in society ? I
may be asked, but to loiter with easy grace ;
surely you would not condemn them all to
suckle fools, and chronicle small beer! No.
Women might certainly study the art of heal-
ing, and be physicians as well as nurses. And
midwifery, decency seems to allot to them,
though I am afraid the word midwife, in our
dictionaries, will soon give place to accoucheur,
and one proof of the former delicacy of the sex
be effaced from the language.
They might also study politics, and settle
their benevolence on tho broadest basis ; for the
reading of history will scarcely be more useful
than the perusal of romances, if read as meie
biography ; if the character of the times, the
political improvements, arts, etc., be not ob-
served. In short, if it be not considered as the
history of man; and not of particular men,
who filled a niche in- the temple 6f fame, and
dropped into the black rolling stream of time,
that silently sweeps all before it, into the shape-
less void called eternity. For shape can it be
called that shape hath none ?
Business of various kinds, they might like-
wise pursue, if they were educated in a more
orderly manner, which might save many from
common and legal prostitution. Women would
not then marry for a support, as men accept of
places under government, and neglect the im-
plied duties ; nor would an attempt to earn
their own subsistence, a most laudable one!
sink them almost to the level of those poor
abandoned cieatures who live by prostitution



259
For are not milliners and mantuamakers reck-
oned the next class? The few employments
open to women, so far from being liberal, are
menial; and when a superior education enables
them to take charge of the education of chil-
dren as governesses, they are not treated like
the tutors of sons, though even clerical tutors
are not always treated in a manner calculated
to render them respectable in the eyes of their
pupils, to say nothing cf the private comfort of
the individual. But as women educated like
gentlewomen are never designed for the humil-
ating situation which necessity sometimes
forces them to fill, these situations are con-
sidered in the light of a degradation; and
they know little of the human heart, who need
to be told that nothing so painfully sharpens
the sensibility as such a fall in life.
Some of these women might be restrained
from marrying by a proper spirit or delicacy,
and others may not have had it in their power
to escape in this pitiful way from servitude ; is
not that government then very defective, and
very unmindful of the happiness of one half of
its members, that does not provide for honest,
independent women, by encouraging them to
fill respectable stations ? But in order to render
their private virtue a public benefit, they must
have a civil existence in the state, married or
single; else we shall continually see some
worthy woman, whose sensibility has been ren-
dered painfully acute by undeserved contempt,
droop like the lily broken down by a plough-
share.
It is a melancholy truth, yet such is the blessed
effect of civilization! the most respectable wo-
men are the most oppressed ; and, unless they
have understandings far superior to the common
run of understandings, taking in both sexes,
they must, from being treated like contemptible
beings, become contemptible. How many wo-
men thus waste Jife away, the prey of discon-
tent, who might have'practiced as physicians,
regulated a farm, managed a shop, and stood
erect, supported by their own industry, instead
of hanging their heads surcharged with the
dew of sensibility, that consumes the beauty to
which it at first gave lustre! nay, I doubt
whether pity and love are so near a-kin as poets
feign, for I have seldom seen much compassion
excited by the helplessness of females, unless
they were fair ; then, perhaps, pity was the soft
handmaid of love, or the harbinger of lust.
How much more respectable is the woman
who earns her own bread by fulfilling any duty,
than the most accomplished beauty! beauty
did I say ? so sensible am I of the beauty of
moral loveliness, or the harmonious propriety
that attunes the passions of a well-regulated
mind, that I blush at making the comparison.
yet I sigh to think how few women aim at attain-
ing this respectability, by withdrawing from the
giddy whirl of pleasure, or the indolent calm
that stupifies the good sort of women it sucks in.
Proud of their weakness, however, they must
always be protected, guarded from care, and all
the rough toils that dignify the mind. If this
be the fiat of fate, if they will make themselves
insignificant and contemptible, sweetly to waste
life away, let them not expect to be valued
when their beauty fades, for it is the fate of the
fairest flowers to be admired and pulled to
pieces by the careless hand that plucked them.
In how many ways do I wish, from the purest
benevolence, to impress this truth- on my sex ;
yet I fear that they will not listen to a truth,
that dear-bought experience has brought home
to many an agitated bosom, nor willingly resign
the privileges of rank and sex for the privileges
of humanity, to which those have no claim who
do not discharge its duties/
Those writers are particularly useful, in my
opinion, who make man feel for man, indepen-
dently of the station he fills, or the drapery of
factitious sentiments. I then would fain con-
vince reasonable men of the importance of some
of my remarks and prevail on them to weigh
dispassionately the whole tenor of my observa-
tions. I appeal to their understandings; and,
as a fellow- creature, claim, in the name of my
sex, some interest in their hearts. I entreat
them to assist to emancipate their companion
to make her a help meet for them!
Would men but generously snap cur chains,
and be content with rational fellowship, instead
of slavish obedience, they would find us more
observant daughters, more affectionate sisters,
more faithful wives, more reasonable mothers
in a word, better citizens. We should then
love them with true affection, because we should
learn to respect ourselves ; and the peace of
mind of a worthy man would not be interrupted
by the idle vanity of his wife, nor bis babes
sent to nestle in a strange bosom, having never
found a home in their mother's.
ilo be Continued.)
FEMALE LABOR QUESTION.
The women are taking the business of eleva-
tion and amelioration into their own hands. At
their meeting on the 8th instant, a Sewing
' Machine Operators Onion was formed, and ar-
rangements made to proceed at once to co-oper-
ative action. The World gave an excellent re-
port of the doings of the meefing, from which
we abridge the following :
A second meeting of tlie sewing maohine operators
was held lastevening at Botanic Hall, No. 68 East Broad-
way, to perfect the organization of the union proposed
to be formed last week. Miss Anthonythat unwearied
champion of her sexwas also present.
Miss Frances J. Morris was in the chair and read a
list of ladies who had signified their willingness to be-
come members of the Union,
Miss Anthony said that she had that morning met a
-gentleman with whom she had had some conversation
about workingwomens Unions. She asked him^o put
his views on paper, and he had done so as follows :
** Miss Anthony : Nextto the liquor traffic, it is gener-
ally conceded that the greatest cause of vice is the in-
adequate reward oi female labor, and the difficulty of
womans obtaining employment at any price. Hence,
it becomes an important practical question, How sbal'l
woman find employmen t, and how shall she secure an
adequate compensation for her labor ? The answer is,
by co-operation. Men combine their means in build-
ing railroads, in establishing banks and insurance com-
paniesand in firms and joint-stock companies for mer-
cantile and manufacturing purposes. Co-operation or
combination of capital is the grand secret of mans
success. Woman must follow this example or remain
forever as she now is, a hewer ol' wood and drawer of
water* to the assumed superior sex. Now, woman is
fighting the battle of life single-handed, and toils for a
miserable pittance, that men may grow rich. She must
combine or perish, as thousands do annually in this
Christian city. I am glad to hear that the female print-
ers intend to establish a job office of their own ; it is a
grand project and will succeed, and iheywlll reap all
the profit of their own labor, now monopolized by
others. Women in all the branches of industry to which
she is adapted must become her own employer. A few
successful experiments of this kind, demonstrating that
woman is competent to manage business, will inspire
confidence in philanthropic capitalists, who will furnish
capital at moderate interest to enable women to secure
all the profits ot their own industry. You have de-
monstrated that women can publish newspapers suc-
cessfullyfor The Revolution is a model of ability*
neatness, and correct typography. Woman is succeeding
admirably in the medical profession. She may yet
shine at the bar and in the pulpit. But she must be-
come her own employer in the manufacture of clocbing>
gentlemens furnishing goods, and many other depart-
ments of business, where she now does the work for a
miserable pittance, while men grow rich upon her indus-
try. Co-operation is the lever with which she can move
the world.
Mass Anthony continuedI want to say to yon, ladif s,
that this is the one word I have had from every one,
men and women, with whom 1 have talked about this
matterthat the only hope was to perfect your organi-
zation, and start a co-operative shop, furnishing the
stock and making the goods.
The following officers for the Union were proposed and
elected : For President, Frances 3. Morris; Vice-Presi-
dent, Ellen Collins ; Secretary, Anna Ward; Treasurer,
Harriet Stevens.
Mr. Thomas M. Newbould stated that he had that
morning seen Mr. Halliday, who had a great many
friends among capitalists, and who had told him that
if a sewing womans society was formed, there wouid be
.no difficulty in getting machines for them, provided
was established on a firm basis. *
Miss Anthony said that since their last meeting a
lady had come to her from Brooklyn with an order, and
said that if die union were formed she would be among
the first to give it work.
The followiifg constitution was proposed as sufficient
for present purposes :
This association shall be called The Machine Opera,
tors* Union.
Its.object shall be to form co-operative unions, and
thereby secure to its members the proceeds of their
labor.
The terms of membership shall be enrolling the name
of the candidate and the payment of 75 cents, per quar-
ter into the treasury.
A lively discussion was had upon the subject of the
name of the association. The article as adopted read :
This association shall be called The Sewing Machine
Operators* Union.
The other articles were adopted as presented.
Mrs. H. M. Shepherd being requested by Hiss An*
thony to address those present, said that she bad some
experience as a seamstress in various branches of ma-
chine work, embroidery and plain sewinghad seen a
great deal of the difficulties with which sewing women
had to contend, and had been led to consider-how those
difficulties could best he overcome. She thought there
was no way but by co-operation, and she commended
the course they were taking, and urged them to persist
in it against the discouragements they might meet. Mrs
Shepherd i elated how she had at a former period of her
life been looking lorward to the day when she would be
thrown upon her own resources, and that she would try
sewing. She took a piece of work from one of the larg-
est shops on Broadway, and worked seventy-two hours
upon it. When she took it back she was told that on
account of the unusual elegance of the work she had
done she would receive an extra price, and was paid
$3.75. (Suppressed cries of indignation.) She went
some days afterwards to the shop and seeing the article
she had made up in a show case, asked the price, and
was told $85. She pointed out that the material could
not have cost more than $25. The cljrk said that they
had to pay a high price for the work done on it. She
asked him how much? and he said $35, and said Mr.
------always paid his employees well. She showed him
her pass book, and advised him to be more careful of
his assertions in future. This was only one instance out
of a dozen of similar ones with which she was ac-
quainted.
Miss Anthony thought the Union might hope to make
some money with such profits, and related a similar
occurrence told her by one of the members of the
Sorosis. A lady had made a suit of boys em-
broidered clothes, for which she got nine shillings. The
materials would cost about $5, and the suit was sold
for $30.
Mrs. ShepherdI went to a place where they took
Government contracts. I carried away a dozen pairs of
drawers. For making these I received four cents a pair.
(Cries of Shame.)
Miss AnthonyHow long did it take you to make
them ?
Mrs. ShepherdI made five pairs a day. Last year I
made button-holes at eight cents a dozen.
Miss Anthony suggested that the Union- should ap-
point a committee to look for a room for their use, and
said there was $100 pledged to her to be called for as
soon as the Union had use for it. (Applause.)
A lady moved that the President appoint such a com-
mit! ee, which was done as follows ; Mrs. Anna Ward


260

Miss Harriet Stevens, Mrs. Elizabeth Fiske, and Mrs
Frances J. Morris.
Mrs. Shepherd stated that a lady was present who had
embroidered a ohemise yoke and sleeves with scollop
work around the edges, involving a great deal of labor ;
she received for this labor $1; the materials cost less
than one dollar, and the article sold for $5.
Miss Anthony in conclusion made a little address*
She referred to the fact that all the newspapers attribu-
ted the non-success of women in trades to their want of
persistencethey did not stick to it like men. She
urged women to show that whether it was in setting
type, running co-operative associations, or publishing
Revolutions, they could stick to it. Stick to this
union, she said, and make it a success. If you will do
so, I can promise you that I will sustain it by word and
work. The type-setters union is going to he a grand suc-
cess. The mens Typographical Union number 1,600, and
in all probability will shortlyhave 2,000. They have thou-
sands of dollars in their treasury and will sustain the
womens Union and have their wages raised if it takes
the last dollar to do it. Since this agitation was com-
menced I have received some fourteen applicants for
women type-setters. The editor of the Galveston Cou-
rier, Texas, wants siz compositors and one forewoman.
The Orange (New Jersey) Journal wants a forewoman
to manage the office, and Miss Lewis will probably go
there. Tou see how much good is coming of the agita
Uonio that direction. We must make a public senti-
ment that will require every girl to be trained to some
kind of labor by which she can earn her bread inde-
pendently if it becomes necessary.
The Union then adjourned.
WHAT THE PEOPLE HAY TO'US.
A NEW CONVERT WRITES.
Since The Revolution has removed the bandage
from our eyes and the scales have fallen also, ws begin
to see women as trees walkingand set ourselves to
discover whether there be not yet a remedy for certain
false customs and conditions of society.
The point to which I now especially refer and desire
to Revolutionize is that of women of influence and money
giving largely to aid institutions and efforts in behalf of
men.
Why do not women aid women ? Now that the world
is awaking to the fact that women have an identity, that
theii anatomical structure is of a truth sufficiently per
feet to warrant the continued pulsations of the heart
independently of and without the consent of men, why,
in the name of justice and policy, too, do not wealthy
women embark in a new enterprise and do something
progressivesomething for their own sex? I have just
heard of a young lady presenting a chime of bells to
-Cornell University, a school for boys, while its neighbor,
Aurora Female Seminary, is passed by uncomplimented-
1 would that a chime of hells might jingle in her ears
by night and day until she atones for such folly.
The University of Rochester is building a Theological
Department, and women are giving largely, while schools
for their own sex in the same city are languishing and dy-
ing for lack of this aid. Instances might be multiplied to
show (hat women as a majority help men and hinder
women. Verily this is a harder road than Jordan for us
to travel. How long will it require to uneducale and re-
educate women in this direction? Is (hat an enlighten-
ed condition of society where women perpetually give
their money to educate and exalt your.g men, who in
maturity return this favor by disfranchising and oppress-
ing their benefactors. I long to see every dollar of this
money given to aid women, both religiously and secu~
larly, to train them for labor and usefulness in every
department of life, whether it be to spin, to patch, to
plough, or preach, or speculate j to be lawyers ana la d
owners, doctors of medicine or doctors divine ; in a word
-'to be and do whatever conscience and common sense dic-
tate without regard to sex. When it becomes the rule
and not the exception for women to choose an employ,
ment in life according to their taste, then will the cry of
" unwomanly, ungenteel behushed forever. Money
will do much to open the closed doors to women so
long and patiently waiting and watching upon their
thresholds. Next year if the married women of our
country will appropriate to their own sex the amount
they have this year given to the other, a new era for wo-
men will have commenced, a power be set in motion
which will grow and strengthen for coming time. The
movement has begun, one woman has led off, who next
will tall into the ranks?
Lucilia Tracy, principal and proprietor of Tracy Fe-
male Institute, located at Rochester, New York, an ins ti
tution of more than twenty years existence, has opened
a department for Floriculture, and is extending her
commodious buildings by erecting green and propagat-
ing houses. Here women will be instructed in this true
womanly work, in this new and most interesting field of
labor heretofore closed to them, and like most other
branches of business monopolized by men. This idea,
original with Miss Tracy, I hail with joy. She proposes to
educate and accomplish women to engage in Floricul-
ture as a pursuita life business. It is well known tbat
this branch of industry is more and more coming into
favor, and one which is ample in its returns. The
daughters of farmers audthose who eanavail themselves
of land will readily see how it can be extended to Horti-
culture and the Nursery business. I predict great en'
thusiasm in th;s direction. When was ever a new sphere
opened to women that they did not. enthusiastically en-
ter upon it ?
In the meantime, let the rich women of our country,
with generous purpose and noble resolve, immediately
begin to count off from their income of next year the
sum they will bestow to aid Humanity in her efforts to
struggle upward, and let that humanity constitute wo-
men. m. c. L. H
Vineland, Oct. 16th, 1868.
Dear Miss Anthony : What shall I say, how express
the pleasure, joy I feel that woman has at length suc-
ceeding in establishing a real living paper? devoted to
objects of a practical nature^ including the interests of
all mankind ? Founded on principle not polic y, a truth
which I discover in every number. And so different
from the namby-pamby, milk-and-water journals
that dare not publish the truth, the whole truth, and
nothing but the truth. I can but notice it.
I was particularly impressed by your reply to Kansas
correspondent. What other living Editors would so-
licit one who differed from them to write them exactly
the points on which they differed, and point out to them
where they were wrong? The publishers who can do
this in the frank, honest manner you have, cant fail of
meeting success. And how contemptible does it make
these aforesaid journals look, whodevoted to an Ism,
sect, or party, the upholding of a particular class of in-
dividualsdont dare to publish a plain unvarnished
statement of facts or the expression of a philosophy ac-
counting for the same different from their favorite theo-
rj, fearing lest it may injure The Cause. Oh, Great
and Mighty Cause, how great and yet bow small thou art,
if unable to bear thy own weight 1 And yet how com-
placently (hey urge you to write for our journal.
Tbepeoples paper. Yes, write for our journal; but
be careful and say nothing.
Thank Goodness 1 we have at last a paper devoted to a
cause that ont be injured. The Equal Rights of Wo-
men(hat have been so tried in the fires of experience
and discipline as to be proof against all elemental forces.
You must know the seed sown by your and Mrs.
Stanton's hands here a few weeks since, did not fall on*
stony ground, but in the warm, sandy soil of mellow
Jersey hearts, that are determined to redeem alike the
mental and material terra firma from its non-pro-
ductiveness.
We had a most glorious meeting yesterday afternoon,
comprising the most intelligent women our little city
affords, who met to discuss matters pertaining to the
pending election. The final decision of which was
All the women in this place who wish a voice in forming
the Government they are to obey, present their names
at the coming election. To he refused recognitionof
courseand of course to be repeated again and again,
until, like the unjust judge of olden time, they weary
of our continual coming, and we hope and trust it will
eventually result in a similar manner. So you see we
are expecting lively times at our coming election. I
venture to say without fear of contradiction, for earnest*
persevering go ahead-ism, our Vineland women are not
surpassed, if equalled, any where in these blessed
United States of America ; and you would have thought
so had you been present at our modern improved*
Mass meeting and witnessed the thoughtful, earnest
enthusiasm written on every face. R.
Spanish Loyalty.The World says, what Mi.
Buckle had already celebrated, that Loyalty has
been a passion with the Spaniards for ages ; but
it seems that the long and wearisome career of
the dissolute Isabella has tired out their patience
and loyalty at last. *What a hell the little fat
woman must have created in SPain adds the
World, to kill a Spaniards love lor iuo u. onarch!
THE NATIONAL SITUATION,
The following capital letter is copied from the
Anii-Slavery Standard:
Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. 3d, 1868.
To the Editor of the Standard :
Dear Friend : My attention has lately been
arrested by two editorial aitides in the Standard
over the signature of Wendell Phillips, which,
in some of their points, have filled me with sur-
prise end paiu. If my ears are good, the trum-
pet there gives an uncertain sound.
With characterization fit indeed of the faults
and shortcomings of the Republican party, the
general profligacy of its management, the utter
uncertainty and unreliableness of Grant, the
doctrine is inculcated that, after all, the salvation
of the nation, the present deliverance, is to be
found in and through that party, thehope of the
country is there, and its success is earnestly to
be desired, and by all loyal men sedulously
sought and worked for. The present issue, we
are told, moreover, is the national salvation; this
is now primal and overshadows ail.
I had supposed, indeed, that as abolitionists,
as those devoted sacredly to an ideathat idea
j ustice, unqualified righteousnesswe had heard
talk the like of that enough in old years, from
partisans, compromisers and time-servers, men
who woul.l urge just for this once to surrender
our principles, and had learned heartily to
eschew and renounce it as only a refined sort of
infidelity and subtle atheism. What? are we in
such straits, so shut up in dire necessities that we
have nowhere to look for protection and deliv-
erance but to a party that has neither princi-
ple's nor leaders? That deliberately turns its
back upon the thousands of colored men in the
loyal states whom it has called and forced
into its armies to fight for the Uniondastardly
turning its back upon these, and surrendering
them to be ravished of their rights of franchise,
for the sake of its own political success ? That
bows down utterly to the worship of availability
in the selection of its candidate, taking a man
not tbat it knows, some commited, outspoken
friend of justice and humanity, but a man it
does not know, and because it knows him not,
one of whom in the particulars for which a man
is wanted, especially at this hour, the people are
still in the dimmest uncertainty? Is God so
reduced to extremity, punished of the adversary,
that we may no longer look in immediate trust
to Him but must turn now to Egypt for our
help?
Not so are the lessons which the friends of
freedom supposed themselves to have learned
and made good proof of in that terrible struggle
of- a quarter of a century, wherein they insisted
upon an unconditioned obedience, finding no
authority so great as Gods voice, no exigency so
pressing as the requirement of justice, standing
thereon themselves, summoning all, individual
or church or party, to stand there also, where
alone is ground of safety, and condition the only
possible for them of co-operation and fellow-
ship. If these principles were unsound their
unsoundness ought to be easily and clearly
shown.
The abolitionists have stood as witnesses in
the midst of a perverse and ungodly generation.
They have borne their testimony for most part
with singular fidelity and effect. They have
summoned a wicked, besotted people to consid-
eration and repentance, standing erect, uncom-
promising, confirming their testimony by great
endurance, through reproach, persecution, sac-
rifice, and in some instances imprisonment and


261
martyrdom. These were the times of the
growth, the inward vitality and prosperity of
the church. The word was quick and power-
ful, and it was through this unswerving fidelity,
this faithful preaching of faithfulness that the
nation was affected, that its conscience was, in
such measure as has taken place, touched and
roused. But for this band of on-going, unin-
timidated men and women in the old years, we
had been to-day as Sodcyn and Gomorrah,
should have perished utterly in our besofcment
and sin.
We have not yet reached salvation, for we have
not yet as a people come to a true repentance.
The same duty for the friends of truth and free-
dom abides. God grant they may not shirk it
or swerve! It will be a dark day when the
Standard-bearers of anti-slavery descend to the
plane of the temporizing Republican party, de-
voting themselves to its success and exhorting
their friends to follow. Much as we may detest
and deprecate Seymour and Blair with their
treasonable platform and auxiliaries, we are
driven to no such alternative, are given no such
option as this. The voice of the Almighty is
* Forward! summon the nation up to the divine
standard of righteousness. They may come to
you, ye shall no t go to them. The Republican
party has always been unequal to its occasion,
unable to meet the requirement in the pinch
shall we now be unequal to ours ?
To accept and support, in the sphere of con-
duct, the best that the circumstances will admit
of, has always been the doctrine and the plea of
compromisers and time-servers, traitors to obli-
gation. Such argument is not new, it is old as
the history of man. Like counsels coming
from tho high sources of anti-slavery wisdom and
influence (I see that Mrs. Child also concludes
Grant to be the best man the circumstances
admit of beiug chosen, and exhorts this time
to cast the ballot for him), will not fail to work
among the people fresh surrenders of principle,
manifold confusion, embarrassment and calam-
ity. Let the standard-bearers of truth, the
priests and the prophets of humanity in our
land be merged and absorbed in the Republican
party, accepting its morals and exhorting to fel-
lowship and vote in its ranksthe light within
becoming darknessmid our fate as a nation is
sealed. We have parted with our last instru-
ment of deli ?erance, our forlorn hope, have
lost the eye of our conscience, have sunk our
life-boat.
The immediate issue is not now, nor ever
was it, the saving of the nation. This is never
the primal thing either for individual or people.
It is first the kingdom of God and his righte-
ousness first obedience to the divine require-
ment, integrity, fidelity, justice in the inward
parts. It is consecration to duty, to humanity,
dedicating smd identifying all with this, willing
to sink or swim, survive or perish only wi h the
cause of Heaven and the rights of human na-
ture. It is going to the loot of the cross of re-
pentance and right-doing, and bearing the high
resolveif I pensh, perish only there. This is
the issue that overshadows all, primal forever.
He that will save his life shall lose it, and who-
so will lose his life for truth and humanitys
sake shall find it. Any expedient to save the
nation, to preserve its life at cost of ignoring or
sacrificing the rights of man, no matter what
the exigency or necessity, will not only inflict
grave injuries upon those it renounces and de-
serts, but will not save ; it will surely involve and
dis troy (he nation. That experiment has been
riel times i;^ou. number in history under all
Ur
the variations and always with one unvarying
result Let ns be carried away with no such
ignis fcduus. The plea of saving the nation
once crucified Jesus, and brought also in swift
sequence the Roman eagles in countless hosts
encompassing the walls of the sacred city. So
by the natural operation of the irrepealable
laws.
If our countrymen are intent upon repeating
this wild and fatal experiment once again, let
them do it without help from us in that direc-
tion.
Chas. D. B. Mills.
ANOTHER BOSE OF FACTS.
Facts are stubborn things. Facts backed
up by substantial proofs, and reliable statistics
cannot be set aside. We have had fiction long
enough ; let us now put an end to the old my-
thological stuff which has so' long been to
humanity a calamitous and degrading influence,
and open a new volume of facts, each one of
which can be inquired into by the masses, and
proved facts beyond the shadow of a doubt.
Misrepresentations will not do at this critical
juncture. Earnest men and women demand to
know how matters stand. The voice of inquiry
is bellowing through the country ; and when
we realize that erroneous and malicious repre-
sentations have been given since time immemo-
rial in regard to the condition, capabilities, and
intellectual strength of womanand as the
manipulation of her means, and doling out of
the wages earned by her skill and industry have
always been subject to mans judgment and
generosity, it is now found necessary to com-
ply with the authoritative demand of the thinkr
ing public, and show how women are treated in
our very midst. Said a nabob not long since
after a serious appeal had been made to induce
him to deal justly with the scores of struggling
women in his employ, thus setting an exam-
ple of justice to his fellow merchants : Why,
in the name of common sense, do you two men
insist upon raising such a snuffy dust around
a fellows olfactories in regard to womens
wages ? You have no practical business knowl-
edge, madam ; and that is the trouble with you
all. You do not take into consideration the
enormous expenses of merchantsrents, taxes,
and a thousand and one outgoes of which you,
in your blissful ignorance, can form no concep-
tion, and therefore you have no right to find
fault with the large profits made by business
men. If you knew more you would say less
He probably thought that a squelcher : hut it
did not appear so to me. I understood perfect-
ly the man I was dealing with, with this excep-
tion. 1 did suppose that an honorable spark
was alive somewhere in the depths of his soul,
and that the right influence would be able to
fan it into a flame. Mistaken ? Yes! and not
the first time, by any manner of means. His
business honor is untarnishedhis success, so
far as the accumulation of property, immense.
His name may often be seen in the list of pub-
lic charities ; but what cares he for the starving
women in his employ ? His two are out of the
reach of want. Tne one whom he promised to
love, honor and cherishwhom man in ac-
cordance to the laws regulating marriage pro-
nounced his wifeshe may want a host of things
tnat wealth and luxury cannot furnish : appre-
ciation, love, and the harmony springing from
both, and like thousands of other women may
take it oat in wanting. Upon his mistress is lav-
ished all the loving consideration of which his
nature is capable. Says one : Well, that is
none of your business. If a man findsj after
a due trial, that his wife does not fill the place
his intellect and affections demand, he has a
right to find congeniality elsewhere. It is
highly important for a mans health andflongev-
ity that he be thus sympathetically surrounded.
Granted ; but when that man, after having
tied one woman down to.his name and off-
spring, after having blighted every brightpros-
pect, played with the harp, untuned every
string, and thrown it asideinsists upon his
own freedom, and the everlasting silence of the
noble instrument which needs only some mas-
ter hand to bring forth divinest melody, then it
is time to declare that such diabolically selfish
animals shall not at all events have power to
gag women outside of their own establishments.
These are the very men who legislate for us,
who irample upon our most sacred rights, to
whom money and aristocratic position give the
balance of power. These are the men who
drive to prostitution and the grave hosts of our
young women ; and one from the midst has the
brazen effrontery to declare that the lack of
practical business knowledge, ignorance, stu-
pidity, and the likej is the cause of this general
interest and uprisingin regard to womans Jabor :
the cause of the snuffy dust so disagreeable
to his fastidious nostrils. Wait a bit, simple-
tons. Your slaves, misnamed wives, shall
have every scale which a false education has
drawn over their eyes removed. They shall be
shown that soulhas no sex, and that all hap-
piness and advancement must he derived from
the law of liberty ; that it is no more necessary
for yon to be sympathetically satisfied than for
them. Such contemptible one sidedness must
have something more than a passing comment
from all those who can write, speak, or wield the
least influence. Facts are stubbon things, I
said. Exactly. Hum and ha! twist and turn!
To deny a fact knowingly is to lie. Lie out
of these if you can. The pnbiic has been so
long accustomed to a certain sort of specious
reasoning, to syllogisms constructed after this
styleWhat God hath joined together let not
man put assunder God has joined the wo-
man to the man to be his for ever and ever
therefore. in all cases and under all circum-
stances must a wife be under the dominion of
her husband, while it is his duty to enjoy in the
fullest sense of the word his divinely appointed
liberty that in many cases the waking up, the
coming out of darkness and error into light and
truth is attended by very antagonistic condi-
tions. Conventionalities, abominable sectarian-
isms, absurd dogmatic teachings in regard to
the relations of men and women, husbands and
wives, are difficult to become rid of; but the
day will come when one-sided, selfish, licen-
tious men will not he the ones chosen to fill
offices of honor and trust. This is, I faith-
fully believe another fact, though a prophetic
one. What do you think of a man, who will
not allow his wife to read The Revolution,
or any other book or journal he does not ap-
prove ? A man who is looked up to by a cer-
tain set as an exponent of principles, a rabid
churchman, and a strict disciplinarian! In
order to compass her desire (and she, like hosts
of others, is taking the preparatory steps toward
freedom) she is compelled to resort to stratagem
to supply herself with the reading matter she de-
sires. When she becomes sufficiently advanced
in the scale of independence to say : Sir,
there lie the books and pape.s you have tabooed;
touch them if you dare! my mentality is my


262 3bt §£*V0tttti0II.
own, to minister to as I chose,then she will
verge very closely to the edge of. the wood.
Straggle on ; never mind twigs, under brush or
dead leaves. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness! Ye gods! whom did our forefathers
mean when that clause was indited ? Men alone ?
perhaps so. Real, live freedom was then scarcely
dreamed of! Now we have fought and won it;
what kind of battle must white slaves wage be-
fore they may throw ofi their shackles ? Next
week will be given some interesting and start-
ling facts gleaned from our merchant palaces in
Broadway and elsewhere, from the abodes of
wretchedness, and poverty indescribable, where
are manufactured at starvatfon prices the gar-
ments, retailed at exorbitant rates, swelling the
ooffers of the rich tradesmen, and dooming to
destruction the poor creatures who stitch away
day and night for the means of subsistence.
Oil men with sisters dear :
Oh men with mothers and wives :
It is not linen youre wearing out,
But human creatures lives.
Stitch, stitch, stitch ;
In poverty, hunger, and dirt:
Sewing at once with a double thread,
A shroud as well as a shirt.
Eleanor Kick.
WOMAN AND FINANCE.
A leading editorial over the initials P. P., in
The Revolution of Sept. 3d, says:
0, if the working millions did but comprehend how
many o t them and their families must drudge and toil
life after life, to create one Stewart and his world of
wealth, they would loathe his vampire presence.
But so long as labor permits capital to matte; the
laws and the law mahebs, the curse must and will
continue.
. If it be true, as is alleged in the said editorial,
that A. T. Stewart (and why not Gernt Smith)
is a prince of devils, because he has massed
what the improvident do not want, enough
to keep, an honest and faithful journal, read
almost exclusively by intelligent persons, should
make it appear in a more intelligent manner
than by rash, vituperative, and actionable de-
clarations.
The Revolution, as the special advocate
and organ of Womans Rights, is essentially the
exponent of womans financial and political ca-
pacity. Hence, both The Revolution and
the cause it advocates must fail, if, failing to
comprehend the fundamental principles of
finance, trade, and political economy gener-
ally, it does not know that the wealth of our
millionaires is constantly in use, directly or in-
directly benefiting community at large; and
does not see that infiuite wisdom cannot make
human intellect a unit in capacity and desire to
make, and to spend money. .
Capital is not, nor can it be antagonistic to
the interests of labor : they work harmoniously
together, and neither can be productive with-
out assistance from the other.
To suppose that producers will employ the
money of capitalists and thus make less money
themselves, is simply supposing producers to
be fools; which they are not: hence, the policy
of their honestly paying Mr. A. T. Stewart and
everybody else whose capital they employ.
The value of labor is fixed by the demand for
that particular article at that time, and if a
seller sell for less, or a buyer buy for more than
the article demands, then the said seller, or the
said buyer, as the case may be, suffers the just
penalty of his own folly. Hence, if A. T.
Stewarts employees offer themselves to him
at such prices as he will pay, either they know
he will pay justly, or they require guardianship
for their simplicity.
Production depends on correct proportions
of capital, labor and demand, which, if left to
themselves, are self-adjusting, for capital and
labor create production and demand, and pro-
duction and demand stimulate capital and labor.
Capital cultivates refined taste, and A. T.
Stewart and others having abundant means,
capacity and tact, successfully cater to this
taste, to the pecuniary benefit of producers,
and the pleasure and happiness of coosnmers.
Again, if it be time that capital makes the
laws and the law-makers, then free suffrage is a
failure, and womans right to the ballot is not
worth discussing. If money is more powerful
than human wisdom, infinite power must be a
huge mass of gold. If not, why not? Will
The Revolution answer ? a.
Highland Park, N. J., Oct., 1868.
SARATOGA TO THE REVOLT/llON.
Editors, Greeting : Have two Black Sundays come
together? I see few in this multitude of women who
would not repel the insinuation of strong-minded, and
whose faces would not bear them witness. I watched
one person for weeks with anxious eye. Her lank flaxen
hair, and spectacles surmounting a pulpy. Spurgeon nose,
seemed to denote the Freedmans missionary. Her Pre-
Raphaelite shoes, following the exact form of the foot,
were evidently designed by some lover of nature, and
not a mere copyist of such ideal forms as square toes.
Here, thought I, is one who sets at defiance the tyranny
of custom. Alasl no flirt of sixteen, with a peroration
to her dress two yards long, was more weak or prejudiced
than she. She had chanced to cross Mrs. Stantons or-
bit somewhere in space, and admired her snowy locks,
which, she added, were of course, bleached by
some artificial process. For her part, ehe had no patience
with such women. They overstepped their sphere.
Enough! I uttered a few sentences in which might
have been heard dwarfs oi the gymnasium, odalisque
and other polysyllables, of which she knew as little as
the laws of Kepler. They sent her reeling to the Dic-
tionary soon after. #
Every night, some Hotel furnishes forth a hop for
the delectation of its inmates. Here, under the gas, we
see women whirled in the maddening galop, with a ring
of spectators gathered around to see fair play. Now they
skim around the periphery, now they dive into the vor-
tex, until they look like a group of wild-eyed Bacchantes,
drunk with giddy motion. I might have gazed on a
plantation break-down with emotions less keenly poig.
nant. Toung Booby informs us privately, as he wipes
the perspiration of the last round dance from his brow,
that he takes bis partner aside and tries her paces be-
fore venturing bis reputation with her in the ring. Oh I
Humiliation! These be the masters women serve.
These are the pleasures which they will never sur-
render, no never! with the glorious privilege of being
toasted as Lovely Woman at the fag end of Caledo-
nian Festivals, just before Gavin Mctiurragh and his
boozy companions fall under the table. Bettor far say
L for soul and body would be die excitment of a race
for a County Clerkship.
Deny it who will. Those who watch the world know
that even in the pursuit of ambition, women could not
commit such dark and horrid crimes as they do every
day to attain the favor of men. I know a bold, showy
adulteress who was not ashamed to ensnare the weak
will of her pastor, while she lived in fashionable separa-
tion from her own lord. It became an open scandal. It
drove the reverend paramour beyond the seas, and bis
broken-hearted wife from despair to drunkenness and
infamy. That bad woman lived on, hiding the heart of
Messaliua under a glittering prosperity and social
leadership. Her victims have sunk into forgetfulness.
It is an old story, old as Cleopatra. Every one could tell
something like it, from his own experience. So it is.
Paul fulminates against usurers, yet they flourish, and
the memory of the poor man rots.
The dove has wings that she may fly away; the deer
turns upon its pursuers with horns and hoof, but of all
Gods creatures, woman, the domeetio animal, knowing
nothing better than her husbands love, is the most
abject.
Whisper it, sister, so and so.
In a dark hint soft and low!
A prominent politician at one of the summer hotels
oould never speak to his own wife with a decent show of
respect. I do not see why, belonging to the noble and
aggressive Caucasian race, he might not, with equal jus-
tice, have whipped her.
Knowledge is power. Everything which tends to
give woman another aim than the wretched one of
being a mere tenant at will of some mans affec-
tions, will make her happier and letto. Madam
Sevigne wrote to her daughter, Learn something
every day. There are some Cartilaginous women
wbo never cease to grow. They are far above the fluctu-
ations of passion. But the neglected wife, ignorant of
everything but love, sits at home and weeps like a
weaned child.
Saratoga is nearly deserted. The veterans who intro-
duced the famous Grecian bend have grown decrepid
and disappeared. A few weeks of fancy balls and hops
convert a healthy girl into a broken down actress. The
most conspicuous were the daughters of sudden for-
tunes. Said an old gentleman to me, It takes two gen -
orations to make a gentleman, but three to make a lady.' '
Every morning Rebecca goes to the well, that haply
she may meet her husband. To complete the Oriental
imagery, a slovenly low-browed Algerine stands near,
with Arabian burnous, yataghans, and curious vases in
niello exposed for sale. The vases are of brass and
might be picked up for a trifle in the bazaars of
Cairo and Damascus. I ask the dirty fez what they
are worth. Fifty Dollars.
We open our eyes very wide, and pass on.
WOMAN IN CALIFORNIA.
San Francisco, Sept. 17th, 1868.
Editors Revolution: The science of So-
cialism and the true relation of the human family
is still little understood or desired to beyet
changes have been made. Here female servants
are better paid than in any other place, getting
from twenty to thirty dollars a month in gold
and are constantly in demand. Female teach^
ers are better paid toobut for the same grade
they receive from thirty to seventy-five dollars
less per month than the men ; in many cases
the women are the best teachers, but this is an
example of the old story, that is enough for
such as you. A change is coming tor the bet-
ter in this respect; let us hope it is not far
distant The chances for husbands (that neces-
sity of female exist ence) are far greater here
than elsewhere, the m arnageable men being in
excess, instead of seventy thousand spinsters
as in Massachusetts or- a million as in England.
Cannot a Miss Ray be found among us to trans-
port some of the surplus ? for it seems that in
carceration and transportation are the only rem -
edies that h ave yet been suggested. Brigham
Young solved the problem by going back to the
old Patriarchal system after the manner of
Abraham, Isaac, Solomon and David.
We have here, once in a while, a case when
the Feudal system of fighting for and stealing
the woman is resorted tobut the general rule
is our civilized barbarism of marriage for money
or position, and it is not unfrequently the case
that both parties get badly sold ; neither pos-
sessing the attractions or money that the other
supposed.
Divorces ore abundant here, and unless bet-
ter matches are made, will be more frequent in
future generations ; for if the faces of lovely,
welcome children are not abundant, skeletons
are found in all their ghastliness in houses
where often least expected.
Although California possesses a large share of
liberal minds, yet her libefality does not war-
rant the idea that she is ready to allow woman
her rights. She has not yet learned to have
sufficient independence, that which, in anti-
slavery parlance, is' called back-bone; and she
needs a little of The Revolution libera


263
Wit gUvfllutifltt.
Training} to let her understand her duty to her-
self and others.
I see the Times is terribly shocked at some of
your plain statements of facts as they exist.
Can evil be made too glowing, truth too plainly
spoken ? Can respectability make wrong right,
or vice beautiful ? Man has painted his picture ;
it is now the lions turn, of course the growl
will be on the other side. Suffice it to say, your
paper is liked here, there has been just enough
growth of liberality to receive your ideas and
home truths : and I hope an interchange of
views will be beneficial. Yours respectfully,
J. H. Atkinson
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
SISTERS OF CHARITY SHOULD BE ORGANIZED FOR
THE RICH.WHY DONT YOU CALL A CONVENTION
OF SCHOOLMISTRESSES AT THE REVOLUTION-
OFFICE?EVERY WOMAN SHOULD PROTECT HER-
SELF.-WHY NOT ESTABLISH A WOMANS WRONGS
SOCIETY?EVERY WOMAN HER OWN LAWYER,
DOCTOR, MINISTER.PICTURES FOR 4 HARP -
BBSS ILLUSTRATED.AN EPIGRAM ON EQUAL
RIGHTS AND EQUAL PAY.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, I
October 3, 1868. \
A PEON OF VICTORY.
Dear Revolution : All hail, most potent,
grave and reverend journal! Loud and con-
tinued cheers, over your prosperity! Ye
gods, what a victory! Parker, give me your
hand. Susan, I appreciate your friendship.
Elizabeth, I am proud of your acquaintance.
We are a band of sisters. Let us do unto other
women as we would have other women do unto
us. Loud cheers over your Mount Vernon As-
sociation. Hurrah for the Workingmens Con-
vention victory Three more for the Working*
womens Association. The Revolution is burst-
ing out aU over the face and hands and legs and
body of the Goddess of Liberty. The Irishman,
astonished that the slugs did not kill Scully,
asked if it was ttihrue he was after wearing
a coat of male and flour. This hits our fair-
weather reformers. Why dont you publish, in
chapters, Monseigneur Dupanloups magnifi-
cent essay on Woman ? See Boston Pilot He
says God first, then self, then children, then
husband, then humanity, is the way woman
should organize her love.
LET US HAVE A WOMANS WRONGS SOCIETY.
An age of manly sneers against Womans
Rights has frightened the rank and file of the
sex into a panic. Persistent ridicule of Chris-
tian manhood has made many a noble-minded
woman tell this palpable untruthtoe have all
the rights we ward now. Nothing but the courage
of a woman would have broken down the barri-
cades of prejudice by inaugurating The Revo-
lution. The vices of the day mingle with the
vices of the night. Europe follows closely Amp.,
rica. From Mount Vernon and the Vineland,
from Sturgis and the Rhineland the work goes
nobly on. Suppose we get up a Womans Wrongs
Society. Something that will require new ar-
tillery, cavalry, infantry, from lords and masters,
to conquer.
LET WOMAN ILLUSTRATE HER SLAVERY.
Let it be illustrated. If Curtis means work
and Harper is honestlet them employ Hast
to make sketches for the Weekly of womans
wrongs. The colored brethren and the
sneers at the Irish, and the unchristian poli-
tical personalities that have ornamented the Il-
lustrated for the past few years- are getting tame.
The Christian Brothers should now leave Hades
for Heaven. Having theorized, let them be
practical. Powerful sketches of womans
wrongs would elevate humanity to action for
Womans Rights. One pictureA fair young
mother ; her babes starving; hour, midnight;
dim candle ; subjectthe Song of the Shirt, ten
cents each. Anotherthe generous, noble, gal-
lant men printers, driving out of the World the
starving women printers! Anothera house of
prostitution in Mercer street, with some well-
known merchants, bankers, brokers, aldermen
and Congressmen at a champagne supper with
those they have damned. AnotherFive Points
by gaslight; a drunken sovereign staggering
into his den to split open the head of his wife
with an axe because she had no more money to
give him for drink. An assignation house in
Fifth Avenuea young girl left to ruin by the
bachelor fnend of a gallant officer off in the
war. Anothera palace in the way to the Cen-
tral Park, where ResieUism is practiced in broad
daylight. AnotherThe quack doctors in coun-
cil preparing their hellish advertisements for
the religious journals and the Times and Tri-
bune. Then give the group and names of the
eighteen workingmen in convention who voted
against Mrs. Stanton, interspersed with these
by way of contrast, picture the workingwo-
men in convention at the office of The Re-
volution. Give a sketch of a happy family
where all are equal under the law. Group to-
gether the renowned women of the ages. Then
show drunkenness and squalor alongside of
liberty and neatness. A picture of the killing
of the fatted calf over the return of the Prodi-
gal Daughter When my city lots are greenbacks
1 will pay Nasi for this gallery of slcetches.
LET US ORGANIZE SISTERS OF CHARITY FOR THE
RICH.
Why should they alone visit the poor ? The
rich we have always with us. Educate the rich
and the poor will be benefitted. Nobody says
rich but honest. What credit is there in the
honesty of a clean bed and a full belly? Those
Christian sisters of mercy I saw in Asia, in Eu-
rope, in Africa, in America, bending over the
dying soldier or the suffering mendicant are the
angels of humanity; angels that have bodies, and
legs and handspractical angels without wings
and long clothes dragging in the mud or air.
Would it not be well to have sisters of mercy and
sisters of charity calling upon the rich and noble
to try and soften their hearts to the misery that
surrounds them, which I have described as wo-
man's wrongs ?
EVERY WOMAN HER OWN PROTECTOR.
Why should woman have a protector ? Why
not protect herself? Let her show her wo-
manhood, and men, instead of flattering her
beauty, will compliment her intellect. Every
woman is a rake at heart, said Pope. Why?
Simply because mans devotion was all animal,
sensual. His love was passion. There was no
friendship between the man and wife, the mis-
tress and the paramour. Vanilla and Cantha-
rides were his alpha and omega of education.
He never tried to develop her mind. He only
sought the gratification of his senses. Let wo-
man protect herself. When a man savs, What
a beautiful bonnet, let her say, What a beau-
tiful hat. Your dress is magnificent. Yes,
so are your trowsers. Does woman require
protection against woman ? No. It is man,
her protector, against whom she needs pro-
tection. Voting is protection. Politicians are
now polite to negroes these election times, just
as they always have been to the dd Irish
on similar occasions. What protection did wo-
man get when Charles Snmner and others
forced the word male into the Federal
Constitution ? If women are weak, these
protectors make them so. What protection do
yonng girls get after seduction ? How does the
Sultan protect women in the seraglio ? What
protection do the starving wives and daughters
of drunkards receive from the men law-mauers
who issue licenses to rumsellers to destroy the
peace of families? How does the blood-sucker
protect its victim ? As the spiders web protects
the fly, so man protects woman. How long
does th e paramour protect the mistress ? Victor
Hugos Devil Fish was never satisfied with one
victim. How do men teachers protect the wo-
man teachers, except by giving them half the pay
for the same labor? Bastardy in England is a
legalised institution. Seducers are protected,
not the seduced. English law allows a man to
seduce any woman in the land if he pays half a
crown a week for the child. That is the way Eng-
lish man protects woman. That is why one in
sixteen is a pauper, one in fourteen a bastard.
Man ruins the girl. Man prosecutes her for
hiding shame, and man sends her to the peni-
tentiary or the gallows for killing her child!
Oh, thou great protector of woman! Do the
lawyers protect woman? Do the clergy? Do
the doctors ? No, woman must protect herself,
and the only protection that-suits the case is the
protection of the ballot.
EVERY WOMAN HER OWN MINISTER.
We need women preachers. More Olympia
Browns are needed. Nine-tenths of the unseen
force against the principles of The Revolu-
tion come from the clergy. In sceptical
France none but women go to church, as in in-
fidel New England. Since force and Moses have
crowded out love and Jesus, since the pulpit
has become the forum, since ministers are only
politicians, man forsakes the altar, and the
clergy have only women to listen to their ex-
ploded dogmas and antiquated doctrines. Some
clergymen of advanced thought may support
* The Revolution. But what is needed is for
women to step out of the ranks in the church
and get promoted to sextons, deacons and
preachers. They pay more than half the sala-
ries, let them have some of the posts of honor.
They must vote in church as well as pray. When
the breeching breaks going down the kill, prayer
won't help them. The universiti "s, the colleges,
and the churches must aU be opened to women.
With your wing on the wind, your eye on the
sun, onward and upward, straight on with
The Revolution.
I DREAMT I DWELT IN MARBLE HALLS.
Pagans established harems for women. Chris-
tians should establish colleges. Reformers tell
the truth. But the truth has hard work to make
its way. When truth and falsehood went in bath-
ing, falsehood came out first and put on truths
clothes. Truth, too conscientious to deceive,
since then has gone naked through the world.
My friend Marble has come against a snag in
my Biographical Sketches. Letter C touched
on the Bible, not irreverently but truthfully.
But the World is too pious for my childhood
experiences. Marble is a trump, but the bands
are not yet off his head. Are you afraid to
publish what he fears will do harm in .The
Revolution? Remember I alone am respon-
sible for my own literary children. None of
them are bastards nor paupers. Charge,
Susan, charge! On, Stanton, on! are the
watchwords of The Revolution.
Geo. Eiuncis Train.


264:
\)t IfDolntiDU.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.)
PARKER PILLSBURY, f Mitois.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, OCTOBER 29, 1868.
EORACE] GREELEY.
Recollections of a Busy Life, by Horace
Greeley, is one of the most readable books we
have ever taken up. There is nothing more
profitable in literature than the thoughts of the
great minds of our own day on the vital ques-
tions in which all alike feel a deep and lively
interest. Few men can make a clear statement
of their thoughts on such a range of subjects as
Mr. Greeley has discussed in the book before
us. -He gives the reader his views concisely on
politics, religion, law, the causes of our civil
war ; the leading actors in the drama, and the
political leaders of tbe last thirty years ; on re-
forms and reformers, libels and libellers, beggars
and borrowers, socialism and slavery, temper-
ance and theatres, poetry and protection, faith
and farming, editors and education, marriage,
mileage and mining, recreation and reconstruc-
tion. with an interesting chapter on Margaret
Fuller, and many valuable observations and re-
flections on his extensive travels in the old
world and the new.
Mr. Greeley could not have made a more
valuable bequest to the young men of our times
than the private history he has given them of
his own tree life, so free from vice and excess,
so full of self-sacrifice and noble ambition, and
so grand in its results ; for although he has never
been President, Senator, Chief Justice or Judge,
yet has he wielded greater power in both hem-
ispheres, for the last twenty years, than any
other man of his day and generation. We hope
every boy in the nation will read this book, for
it has a stimulating effect on the young to know
through what disappointments and tribulations
great minds reach the calmness and independ-
ence of success. In his simple narrative of his
boyhood, family, daily toil, school, pleasures,
his love of nature and books, he reveals so
much simplicity, sentiment and tenderness of
feeling, with such nobility, self-dependence and
uprightness of character, that ones pity for all
his hardships in adversity is lost in admiration
of his high qualities of head and heart. Kis
description of leaving home for the first time,
how on the road he thought of his mother and
all the dear ones he left behind, and was often
tempted to turn back ; how his love for his old
associations struggled with his ambition to see
the great world, and know more than he ever
oould at work on his fathers farm, is very natu-
ral and affectiug, and so vivid that one sees the
old homestead, the mothers tearful eye, the
hesitating youth, and feels the struggle of the
man to throw off the clinging timidity of the
boy. Biographies are cold and dull compared
with what a great soul can tell of itself, and
when for a laudable purpose a great man gives
the public some glimpses of his inner life, of
his domesfcicjoys and sorrows, he ensures a sym-
pathy and confidence that a knowledge of his
public character can never command. The
chapter entitled My Bead, in which Mr.
Greeley describes his children in the spirit
land, is full of tenderness and pathos, and
ft;
shows great depth of paternal love. In his
chapter on Margaret Fuller, Mr. Greeley re-
veals one of his heresies on the woman ques-
tion. He says, Noble and great as she was, a
good husband and two or three bouncing babies
would have emancipated her from a deal of non-
sense and cant Now we submit to the judg-
ment of a candid world, if there is not as much
nonsense and cant about married women as old
maids? Who cannot point in their circle of
friends to most wise, common sense and cheer-
ful women who have never had either a hus-
band or a bouncing babe, and to multitudes of
miserable, mawkish women who have both. No,
no, husbands of the present tfype of manhood,
and sickly, muling, puling babes, the sins of
whose fathers are visited upon them in the form
of chicken pox, measles, scarlet fever, small
pox, scrofula, whooping cough and fits, are
not the only panacea for the nonsense and cant
of all womankind. Civil and political rights,,
education, work and wages, freedom and inde
pendence, would do far more to elevate women
than husbands and babies. Margaret Fuller, as
every proud woman must, felt the degradation
of belonging to an ostracised sex. Could she
have had all the avenues to fame and wealth
open to her that Horace Greeley had, her rest-
lessness and fitfulness would have given place
to energy and ambition.
In his chapter on the slavery controversy he
says, in his criticisms on early abolitionists :
Granted most heartily that slavery ought to be
abolished, how was that consummation to be
effected by societies and meetings of men,
women and children who owned no slaves, and
had no sort of control over, or even intimacy
with those who did? Suppose the people of
Vermont all converted to abolition, how was
that to bring about the overthrow of slavery in
Georgia? Agitation! Every advance step in
science, morals, religion and government, is the
result of agitation. The lormation ot the Re-
publican party, the late war, the proclamation
of emancipation, negro suffrage, are all the re-
sults of the agitation created by those early
abolition societies of men, women and chil-
dren.' But we must reserve further comments
for another week, advising all our readers to
give this valuable work a place in their libraries.
It is published by J. B. Ford & Co., of this city.
e. a s.
Smoking foe Boys.A French physician has
been making investigation as to the effect of
smoking on boys, and has been struck very forci-
bly, it is said, with the results. He has observed
38 boys, aged from nine to fifteen, who smoked
more or less. Of these, distinct symptoms
were present in 27. In 22 there were various
disorders of the circulationbruit de souffle in
the neck, palpitation, disorders of digestion,
slowness of intellect, and a more or less marked
taste for strong drinks. In three the pulse was
intermittent. In eight there was found on ex-
amination more or less marked diminution of
the red corpuscles ; in twelve there was rather
frequent epitaxis ; ten had disturbed sleep ; and
four had slight ulcerations of the mucous mem-
brane of the mouth. It is truly amazing to
what an ex bent this vice prevails among boys
all over the country. Had parents and guard-
ians any adequate conception of the dangers to
be apprehended from it, they would employ no
minister, doctor or law-maker who did not op-
pose the use of tobacco iu all its forms, with
all the energy and influence at command.
MARRIAGE ARE DIVORCE
Those who marry intend as little to conspire their
own rain, as those who swear allegiance, and as a whole
people is to an ill government, so is one man or woman
to an ill marriage. If a whole people against any au-
thority, covenant or statute, may, by the soverign edict
of charity, save not only theii lives, but bonest liberties,
from unworthy bondage, as well may a married party,
against any private covenant, which he or she never en-
tered to his* or her mischief, be redeemed from unsup-
portable disturbances to honest peace and just content-
ment.John Milton.
A very wise father once remarked, that in the
government of his children he forbade as few
things as possible : a wise legislation would do
the same. It is folly to make laws on subjects
beyond human prerogative, knowing that in the
very nature of things they must be set aside.
To make laws that man cannot, and will not,
obey, serves to bring all law into contempt. It
is important in a republican government that
the people should respect the laws; for if we
throw law to the winds, what becomes of civil
government ?
What do our present divorce laws amount to ?
Those who wish to evade them have only to go
into anotner state to accomplish what they de-
sire. If any of our citizens cannot secure their
inalienable rights in New York state, they may
in Connecticut and Indiana.
Why is it that all contracts, covenants agree-
ments and partnerships are left wholly at the
discretion of the parries, except that which, of
all others, is considered most holy and impor-
tant, both for the individual and the race ?
But, say some, what a condition we should
soon have in social life, with no restrictive laws.
We ask you, what have we now ? Separation
and divorce cases in &U our courts ; men dis-
posing of their wives in every possible way;
by Deglect, cruelty, tyranny, excess, poison,
and imprisonment in insane asylums. We
would give the parties greater latitude, rather
than drive either to extreme measures, or crime.
If man would make laws for the protection of
woman give her the power to release from legal
conjugal obligations all husbands who are un-
fit for that relation. Woman loses infinitely
more than she gains, by the kind of protection
now imposed ; for, much as she loves and
honors true and noble men, life and liberty are
dearer far to her than even the legalized slavery
of an indissoluble tie. In this state are over
forty thousand drunkards wives, earnestly im-
ploring deliverance from their fearful bondage.
Thousands of sad mothers, too, with helpless
children, deserted by faithless husbands, some
in California, some in insane asylums, and some
in the gutter, all pleading to he released.
They ask nothing, but a quit-claim deed to
themselves.
Thus far, we have had the man-marriage, and
nothing more. From the beginning, man has
had the whole and sole regulation of the mat-
ter. He has spoken in Scripture, and he has
spoken in law. As an individual, he has de-
cided the time and cause for putting away a
wife; and as a judge and legislator, he still
holds the entire control. In all history, sacred
and profane, woman is regarded and spoken of,
simply, as the toy of man. She is taken or put
away, given or received, bought or sold, just as
the interests of the parties might dictate. But
the womun has been no more recognized in all
these transactions, through all the different
periods and conditions of the race, than if she
had hod no part or lot in the whole matter.
The right of woman to put away a husband, be


§*V0lttti0ik.
265
he ever so impure, is never hinted at, even in
sacred history.
We cannot take our gauge of womanhood
from the past, but from the solemn convictions
of our own soul, in the higher development of
the race, and we place woman above all govern-
ments, all institutions and laws. It is a mis-
taken idea that the same .law that oppresses the
individual can promote the highest good of so-
* ciety. The best interests of a community
never can require the sacrifice of one innocent
being, of one sacred right.
In the settlement, then, of any question, we
must simply consider the highest good of the
individual. It is the inalienable right of all to
be happy. It is the highest duty of all to seek
those conditions in life, those surroundings,
which may develop what is noblest and best,
remembering that the lessons of these passing
hours, are not for time alone, but for the ages
of eternity. They tell us, in that future home,
the heavenly paradise, that the human family
shall be sifted out, and the good and pure shall
dwell together in peace. If that be the heavenly
order, is it not our duty to render earth as near
like heaven as we may?
In our system of jurisprudence we find mans
highest idea of right, but inasmuch as fallible
man is the maker, administrator and adjudica-
tor of law, we must look for many and gross
blunders in the application of its general princi-
ples to individual cases. The science of theology,
of civil, political, moral and social life, all teach
the common idea that man ever has been, and
ever must be, sacrificed to the highest good of
sooietythe one to the manythe poor to the
richthe weak to the powerfuland all to the
institutions of his own creation. Look, what
thunderbolts of power man has forged in the
ages for his own destruction! at the organiza-
tions to enslave himself! And yet through
those times of darkness, those generations of
superstition, behold, all along, the relics of his
power and skill, that stand like milestones,
here and there, to show how far hack man was
great and glorious. Who can stand in those
vast cathedrals of the old world, as the deep-
toned organ reverberates from arch to arch, and
not feel the grandeur of humanity. Here is the
incarnated thought of man, beneath whose
stately dome, the man himself, now bows in fear
and doubtknows not himselfand knows not
God; a mere slave to symbolsand with holy
water signs the cross, while he who died thereon,
declared man, God.
Cheaper Living.The New York World says,
If Women are, as they complain, poorly-paid
for th$ir labor they can certainly live cheaper
than men can, at least at the Working Womens
Home in this city. The profits of all classes of
restaurants in the city are enormous. This may
be seen at a glance by comparing the prices
charged for articles in the restaurants and the
actual cost of these articles in the markets and
shops ; add rent, service, cooking, and every
expense to the restaurant keepers, and the
profit-margin is still immense. It may occur to
some one that if these women can be fed so
cheaply, restaurants on the same principle
might be opened for laboring men, clerks, and
others who now patronize places of higher prices.
The plan has been in successful operation some
time in London, and restaurants here which
should give good, well-cooked food, at prices
covering the cost and a reasonable profit, would
be popular and would pay. In addition to
what the World thus testifies, we see it stated |
that the cheap dining rooms opened in Glasgow
by a Mr. Corbett have not only been profitable
to their owners and advantageous to the diners
but they have produced effects not contemplat-
ed in a social way, The cooks and attendants
are all women, and their habits of neatness and
culinary skill are so highly prized by the clerks
and artisans of Glasgow, that Mr. Corbett finds
he can seldom keep any of his girls beyond a
short period. They are eagerly sought after as
wives ; out of two hundred girls not fewer than
twenty-four have been married during the pre-
sent year.
SOUTHERN LITERATURE.
The Seminary Magazine is a monthly just
commenced in Richmond, Virginia, devoted
(its Prospectus says) to the interests of educa-
tion and the mental culture of the women op
the south. The following is farther extracted
from its somewhat elaborate Prospectus :
Brief Essays by School Girls will appear in each
number. Some of the best writers in the South wifi
contribute to the Departments of Belles-Lettres, Light
Literature, Natural History, etc., Each volume of
twelve numbers will contain seven hundred and* sixty-
eight pages of entertaining and instructive reading,
printed in dear, distinct type, on beautiful white paper,
with nearly one hundred handsome Illustrations. Six-
teen pages in each number devoted to the Sabbath
Schoool interest. Everything of a political or sectarian
nature, or of immoral tendency, will be carefully ex-
cluded.
We give these liberal extracts from the pros"
pectus of this new suitor for public favor for
various reasons. One is, it comes from the
South, where literature never flourished, never
could, while the breath of slavery polluted and
poisoned its atmosphere. Then it is in design
a Womans Magazine, devoted pre-eminently
to the culture of the women of the south. No
better field could be selected.
One word, very important, is omitted here,
but it crops out in the pages of the number
before us (the first number by the way) un-
mistakably. For instance, in an editorial
article headed Education for the Masses,
there is a good deal of this kind of talk:
While statesmen are exerting all their wisdom to avoid
the dangers which threaten the political fabric, there
looms up in the future a dark and appalling cloud, which
musl, if not wisely forstalkd, ultimately invade ike social
circle and taint the purity of the Caucasian blood. This
idea is tOo delicate to elaborate, and it is only referred to
in the hope that our people will pursue it to its legitimate
conclusion. It is not a pteasmt thought, and it may be
that our fears are delusive, and that the history of the
past fewyears will be reversed. It will not do, however,
to listen to our hopes. Prudent forethought demands
that the present generation should leave nothing neglect-
ed which will preserve the integrity of the domestic fire-
side.
At present the force of public sentiment is a restraint;
but in time this influence will be weakened by political
affiliations; and when the ripple is once made upon the
social surface it will gather volume as it moves onv ard,
until it finally swells into the wave which will engulph
our dearest and most sacred interests ?
Education is the word for the hour. In this section
the free school system is impracticable, and is considered
by some to be prejudicial to the interests of religion
Should the leveling tendencies of the day prevail, stren-
uous efforts will be made to bring about a state of affairs
which is repulsive to every honorable mind. How can
this be averted ? This solemn question is engaging the
profoundest intellects of our day.
Self-preservation requires that hereditary pride must
be laid aside, and we should remember that while
elevating the unfortunate of our own race we are not at
all lowering the social status of the refined classes of
society. In union there is strength, and if we are
not greatly mistaken the time is not far distant when
we shall Deed the co-operation of every man, woman
and child who has the unsullied blood of the white man
in their veins. I
The word while inserted in the prospectus of
the Institution would have obviated the necessity
of this whole article. The simple truth is, the
southern people are shaping their whole policy,
government, literature and religion, so as most
effectively to degrade and finally to crush out
the whole African race. Almost forty years
ago, Henry Clay said the two races never can,
never will, dwell together on terms of equalit y.
President Lincoln said, There is a physical
difference between the two races, which, m my
judgment, will probably forever forbid their liv-
ing together upon the fooling of perfect Equal-
ity. I v ill say then that I am not, nor ever have
been in favor of bringing about in any way the
social and political equality of the black and
white races; I am not, and never have been, in
favor of making voters or jurors of negroes;
nor of qualifying them to hold office. His
proposed policy for reconstructing Louisiana
and restoring her to the Union (defeated by a
masterly movement of Senator Sumner), showed
that the war did not cure him of his pride and
prejudice. Why, then, should not the South
have a white literature and religion ? For, as
will be seen in this prospectus, the Seminary
Magazine has an eye to both. The whole north
is more or less proscriptive. In only five states
is the colored race even nominally free. And
it is more than probable that in everyone of
those, were tbe question to be taken to-day on
colored suffrage, it would be voted down.
Massachusetts might tolerate it, but surely no
other state would. As a party, republicans
were never more hostile to it than at the present
hour. While, therefore, we deplore, 'we do not
wonder at the proscriptive spirit of the south.
She learned it of the north in all its malignity.'
She has still northern example. For half a cen-
tury the north has furnished the south with
spelling, reading and religious books, with
school-masters, mistresses, missionaries and
ministers, and all of them keyed and toned to
the dread order of chattel s'avery. Northern
colleges and theological seminaries have ever
been open to the sons bf slaveholders, and col-
lege rules, the courses of study, religious wor-
ship, scripture interpretation and public prayer
have ever and always been modified to please
their perverted, depraved tastes. Who can
wonder, then, that a negro is still mortally hated
at the south? or who shall say she has not come
very honestly by that hatred ? And still moie
and worse, how must that hatred be augmented
when she remembers that the north only freed
the negroes to fight against their masters, and
to save herself from their terrible power, and
gives them the ballot there, for that and no
other earthly reason? The so.uth never hated
the negro for his color, or that he was a
slave. It took the north to do that. But
when she had been conquered by him in battle,
and is now again in his power at the ballot-box,
it is not ip human nature that she should love
him, or seek his prosperity and happiness.
Nor is it to be expected that she will hate him
less, because in all this, he is and has been really
the passive instrument of the north ; accepting
freedom at her hand when and where she needed
h m, and only then and there, and the right of
suffrage exactly on the same conditions. What
Secretary Seward said to his foreign ministers at
the opening of hostilities, everybody believed :
that the rebellion ( revolution he beneficent-
ly termed it,) will not change the status of a
single human being, whether it succeed or
whether it fail. Ben Butler, then Col. Butler
was the first to proffer his regiment) a Massa~


266

chusetts one, to slaveholders to suppress insur-
rection among their slaves. And so the war was
conducted everywhere, until it became absolutely
certain the south would be successful unless
her slaves were freed, armed and turned against
her. Then again in reconstruction they are
wanted, with ballots instead of bullets, and
so they are given the ballot. And the south
acts on precisely the same principle. She has
no use for the negroes now any more than have
Indiana, Illinois and Pennsylvania, and treats
them accordingly. Any more than Abraham
Lincoln had when h<= uttered the sentiments we
have quoted from him. Any more than Mr.
Seward had when he wrote his instructions to
Messrs. Adams, Dayton and Corwin, his foreign
ministers. Any more than the northern army
had when it thought, with seventy -five thousand
men it could suppress the rebellion. In one
word, north and south, the Dred Scot decision,
seven times sublimed, is practically applicable
to-day as it ever has been, to the colored man.
He has no rights which the white man is bound
to respect. None in the government, none in
literature, none in religion, none anywhere
So much in apology for the Seminary Maga-
zine. If its roots are poisonous, as they cer-
tainly are, we trace them all up into northern
soil. Nor are we by any means speaking of it
alone. The same spirit is breathed from every
literary institution, magazine, newspaper, book,
pamphlet, speech or sermon that has reached us
yet from a strictly southern source. We have
every reason in the world to wish the Seminary
Magazine success, if it will but deserve success
by being impartial and just. Its very style, its
graxnmer even, plead loudly the need of better
literary culture, being desperately at war with
Lindley Murray and more modern Etymologists.
Bht we cannot ask the south to cast the motes
out of her eyes, without at the same time re-
minding the north of the beams that blind her
own. p. p.
LECTURES BY GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
Bx Mr. Trains letters in last weeks Revo-
lution it was seen that he proposes to lecture
the present season, if by grace of her British
Majestys government he is permitted, for the
benefit of woman. As he phrased it, for the
education and elevation of her sex___ I will
speakthis winter only for the benefit of woman.
Whatever Equal or Womans Rights Associa-
tion, or Lyceum committee, or private indivi-
dual would secure bis services can address his
private secretary, Mr. George P. Bemis, at No.
20 Nassau street, New York. There axe reasons
for believing his release from prison will not
much longer be delayed. That be is detained
so long, that be is a prisoner at all, will one day
recoil on the British government to her eternal
infamy, if not to her material harm and loss, as
little dreamed of now. The talk about a debt
due for railroad iron is a cheat and a he. He
has both offered to pay and proved that he does
not owe a farthing of it. Still he is kept in
confinement That his prison is not stove down
by the outraged Irish people in whose behalf he
is held, proves them more loyal to an oppres-
sive government than faithful to a long and
well-tried friend. But their and his hour will
surely come. When he does return to America
he will ;a tale unfold whose lightest word will
harrow up the soul where there is soul ; will
create a soul under the ribs of death. With-
out the burning inspirations kindled by his ex-
periences during the present year., he was cer-
tainly second in thrilling eloquence, energy and
power to no American speaker. What he shall be
now, none can tell; but it will soon appear when-
ever he is permitted to set foot again on his na-
tive soil. Meantime, lecturing committees and
associations cannot too soon bespeak his ser-
vices. p. p.
TEE WOMAN SUFFRAGE CANDIDATES.
THE CANVASS IN ENGLAND.
NO. VI.
Thomas Hughes, who, as we have often re-
marked before in these notes, is, or was, run-
ning in the borough of Lambeth, has now be-
came a candidate for the borough of Erome.
The New York limes seems to lament this
as proving that the reformed election system of
Mr. Hughes, viz : to use no money for canvassing
purposes, has proved a failure in his old borough,
and consequently, if he hopedfdr re-election, he
must seek a new constituency. We do not think
this was the cause. We agree with Mr. Hughes
himself, who, in his first speech before the elec-
tors of Frome, declared the reason of his change
to be, £hat seeing a borough without a Liberal
candidate, while his had five, he thought it
would be both to his and the Liberal parties
interest to lessen the number of candidates in
Lamoeth and make surer of his own return. At
. this first meeting m Frome he was well re-
ceived.
Edward Baines is not conducting a personal
canvass of Leeds, nor attending any of the Lib-
eral meetings, but at a gathering in Headingly,
one of the out townships of the borough, a few
weeks ago, a resolution was passed unanimously
in favor of him and the other Liberal. Though
it appears that Mr. Baines is taking very little
interest in his return his electors are determined
to elect him. For, at a meeting on the 30th of
September in this borough, Sir Andrew Fair-
bairn having offered himself as a third Liberal
candidate and the customary resolution of his
fitness to represent the borough having been pro-
posed, it was rejected, and an amendment adopt-
ed, that it was to the interest of the Liberal
party to give their undivided support to Mr.
Baines and bis colleague.
New Windsor, which, by the way, now in-
cludes the famous college of Eton and town,
is still being canvassed by Roger Eykyn.
Richard Young, having made a thorough can-
vass of his districtCambridgeshirehas again
spoken at Lawston. To show the popularity of
Liberal principles and candidates in this shire,
we will relate the following occurrence that
transpired on the 28th of last month: Lord
George Manners and Viscount Boyston, the
Conservative candidates, arrived at Wisbech,
where they were to be entertained in the even-
ing by a bauquet, entered a carriage drawn by
four white horses and escorted by not less than
200 gentlemen of the neighborhood on horse-
back, approached the town. They created
quite a sensation among the quiet denizens.
But when the cavalcade arrived opposite the
Rose and Crown, where Lord George 'com-
menced a speech, and it was noised abroad that
the Conservative candidates were present, great
confusion arose, and the noble lord tried in
vain to continue. At this very moment, Mr.
Young and his fellow-candidate drove up the
street, and amid the greatest enthusiasm were
drawn triumphantly through the town. They
addressed the vast crowds, that then quickly
dispersed.
Sevebal weeks since we called attention to
the difference between American men and wo-
men in the matter of saving and expending
money. Two subjects were specially submit-
ted for consideration ; first that men spend
nearly all the money that is spent for tobacco and
strong drink ; and second ; that men have many
days in winter, in stormy weather, and on ac-
count of politics, in caucusses, conventions, elec-
tions, auctions, military parades and the like, be-
sides all the long evenings of the year when they
earn little or nothing, while the women of the
family are generally at home and at their work
earning or saving money. We spoke particu-
larly of the rural districts, but, like the Alma-
nacs, the remarks with slight variations, suit
any latitude. Among the English working
classes, the case is still woise. The committee
recently appointed by the British House of
Commons to inquire into the expediency of
..altering the law in relation to the property
of married women in England, discovered
some facts which show how hard and bitter is
the life of women in the humbler classes. We
subjoin a few extracts from English papers :
The rector of Bethnal Green, the Rev. S. Hansard, whose
work has been among the poor of the metropolis for
twenty years, told the committee that the women as a rule
work very hard, and with little reward to sweeten their
toil. Mr. Hansard urged that the State shall protect the
earnings of these women from their husbands, many of
whom spend the money while their wives try to save it;
the wives would save more if they were not unde)'
the constant fear that it might all be taken away
from them at any moment and spent in drink.
Mr. Mansfield, the police magistrate of Marylebone,
confirmed the remarks of the rector of Bethnal Green.
He had found that the wives of poor men were in gener .
al more thrifty than their husbands. Among the re-
spectable working classes the wite acts as the treasurer
of the family, taking her husbands earnings and doing
the best she can for the household with them. A shil-
ling or two is given to the husband that he may go and drink
on Saturday night. In such cases as these, it may be
presumed, the woman requires no protection for her
earnings more than she can find now.
The secretary of a co-coperative society at Rochdale,
Mr. Ormerod, cited instances of a different character.
There are 7.000 members of his society, and many of
them are women. When these women get married the
husband frequently applies to the sooiety for bis wifes
money, but the managers decline to give it up to him.
<* We tell them, said Mr. Ormerod, that as Ihemoney
is invested in the wifes name, they have no right to draw
t. Of course this answer could not be upheld in a con rt of
law, but it seems to suffice. A judicial decision is never
challenged, probably because the exposure attendant on
the process would be inconvenient. A more satisfactory
circumstance was mentioned by Mr. Ormerod. It is
usual for both husband and wife to become members of
this society, and in many instances each respects the
others savings. In one case a definite agreement was
entered into between the husband and wife. They had
one child, and each contributed a certain amount toward
the household expenses. Whatever was earned over
this contribution was saved, and the woman in that way
accumulated very nearly £200 out of her own earnings.
Other women have saved as much as £50 or £60. There
are families where the hnsband has £100 in the society,
and the wife £100, and it is not often that either thinks
of touching the others money.
Mr. Mundilla, manufacturer at Nottingham, who em-
ploys over 2,000 female hands, testified that it was lament-
able to see to what an extent the earnings of women
were dissipated by bad husbands. The women were, as
a rule, more thrifty than men, and quite as able to take
are of their affairs as their husbands.
Harriet Hosmer. We were made happy
last week by a friendly call and cordial greeting
from our renowned countrywoman, Miss Hos-
mer. She is in most hearty sympathy with the
objects of The Revolution and subscribed
| for two copies to be sent to her address in Italy*


267
§tvoluti0tt.
A MOTHER'S LOVE.
Hon. Thomas H. Benton once paid this tri-
bute to the memory of his mother. Mr. Ben-
ton was certainly one of the noblest specimens
of the physical man the country has produced :
My mother asked me never to use tobacco ; I
have never touched it from that time to the
present day. She asked me not to gamble, and
I have never gambled, and I cannot tell who is
losing in games that are being played. She ad-
monished me, too, against hard drinking ; and
whatever capacity for endurance I may have at
present, and whatever usefulness I may have
attained in life, I have attributed to having
complied with her pious and correct wishes.
When I was seven years of age she asked me
not to drink, and then I made a resolution of
total abstinence ; aud that I have adhered to it
through all time, I owe to my mother.
Miss Taylor did not exaggerate
a mothers love.
Hast thou sounded the depths of yonder sea ?
Hast thou counted the sands that under it be'?
Hast.thou measured the height of Heaven above ?
Then mayst thou speak of a Mother's love.
Hast thou talked with the blessed of leading on
To the throne of God some wandering son ?
Hast thou witnessed the angels bnght employ ?
Then mayst thou speak of a Mothers joy.
Hast thou gone with the traveller, near or far,
From pole to pole, from star to star ?
Thou hast: aud on earth, or river, or sea,
The heart of a mother has gone with thee.
There is not a grand, inspiring thought,
There is not a truth by wisdom taught,
There is not a feeling pure and high,
That may not be read in a Mother's eye.
There are teachings above, around, afar ;
The heavens the glory of God declare ;
But louder that voice, around, on high
Is heard to speak from a Mothers eye.
All Mankind Women ?The Manchester
(England) women, to the number of almost six
thousand, demanded to be registered as voters,
and appeared by Counsel, Mr. Uobbett, before the
registry Beard; Mr. Cobbett made one point
in favor of his clients that is both new and
strong. The word roan, he said, must have one
of two meanings in the reform act. It is used
either in the sense of man in the most common
acceptation, as distinguished from woman, or in
the sense of mankind. If the former, it clearly
imported the masculine gender, and if it im-
ported the masculine gender, then Lord Ro-
millys act of 1850 distinctly said that being""a
term importing the masculine gender, it shall
be held to include the feminine also. Give it
the other sense. Let it mean mankind, and it
is still more clear that it means both man and
woman.
Washbtjknes Developing Clubs. As a
means of physical culture, these clubs, as man-
ufactured by W. E. Washburne, of 12 Cortlandt
street, New ^York City, stand pre-eminent
among the varied apparatus of gymnastics now
in use. They were formerly known as Indian
clubs, which, as the name implies, were an in-
stitution of India ; latterly as Kehoe clubs, and
lastly as Washbumes developing Clubs. They
are of wood, of weight and size to suit the strength
of persons using them. Handled discreetly, they
may be of incalculable use to persons whose
whole work is sedentary, whether at the desk,
the needle, the sewing machine or any like con-
fining-oecupatien.
WESTERN CORRESPONDENCE.
Chellicothe, Mo., Oct. lOfcb, 1868.
This, the chief town of Livingston county,
claiming a population of some six thousand, is
pleasantly situated on the Hannibal and St. Joe
railroad. As a town it has grown very rapidly
since the war; and though there is still a per-
ceptible spirit of conservatism (more properly
called rebelism) pervading its atmosphere, the
spirit of progress holds unquestionable advan-
tage, both numerically and influentially. Judg-
ing from the great political demonstration which
has recently aroused the populace to enthusi-
astic outburst, we should conclude that its po-
litical proclivities were decidedly republican, or
at least that those presuming to indulge other
proclivities, were here, as in all parts of the
state, permitted very little chance to demon-
strate them.
The great republican rally of the county took
place here a few days since; an effort very cred-
itable to the town. Men, women and children,
from far and near, joined spontaneously in the
patriotic display. Little girls dressed in white,
t and representing the several different stages,
were carried through the streets, in a triumphal
car with the Goddess uf Liberty, while young la-
dies, tastefully arrayed in their habits de cheval,
rode gracefully with the equestrians of the pro-
cession. I noted with pleasure this advanced
step in favor of woman, and turning to a gentle-
man who was an avowed opponent of wo-
mans rights inquired, why it was that ladies
were permitted to participate in such a proces-
sion, to mingle indiscriminately with all classes
and conditions of men? Why, he replied, we
couldnt get along without the ladies. But,
I urged, you thought not thus four years ago.
Then processions were made up exclusively of
men, now women compose a large proportion,
and still you seem not to discover any demor-
alizing effects. How much more would it be
for them to join in the triumphal procession to
the polls and desposit with their husbands and
fathers the silent voice of sovereignty? He
failed, however, to appreciate my views on this
subject, for to his mind, alas! the word polls
was associated with all that is vulgar and de-
grading; I looked compassion, butsaidno more.
May God speed the day when men shall no
longer behold in that little peice of paper the
vice and corruption of political intrigue, but
rather the instrument of a divine power guiding
the destiny of our republic. The. Hon. Carl
Scharz was the speaker of the occasion, and I
was much gratified by his earnest effort to en-
courage in the minds of the people lofty, liberal
sentiments. His remarks on negro suffrage
were to the point, and throughout the whole
speech I listened with delight to one of the
most cogeDt arguments in behalf of woman, in
favor of female suffrage, that it is possible for
man to make. He advanced many undeniable
reasons why the ballot should be put in the hands
of every citizen, both as an educator and a means
of self-protection. But in all this eloquent ap-
peal, he addressed himself to, and spoke of,
only one sex.
The subject of female suffrage in this state is
still very new. Negro suffrage is a political
issue this year, but I doubt its success. The
majority of those who advocate the measure
are almost afraid to assert themselves boldly,
especially those seeking office, lest they might by
that means lose a few votes and mayhaps an
election. Of course the gratification of ambition
will compensate for the sacrifice of principle
if indeed there is any principle involved, which
I am tempted very much to doubt, when I mea-
sure men by the inconsistencies of a political
career. Yet, although unintentionally, still in-
emtably, every appeal made in behalf of man
applied equally to woman. %*
BABIES,
Was there ever anything that so stuok in the
throats of the enemies of Womans Rights as
the Babies ? But the babies! wholl take care
of the babies? what will be done with the
babies? is repeated by them over and over
again with distended nostrils aud eyes wild with
apprehension. Dont be frightened, my poor
deluded, but answer me. Who took care of
Queen Victorias babies of whom there were qui e
a number ? Who takes care of the babies on
Fifth Avenue! Surely not the mothers of the
innocents. Now, there are more babies neglect*
qd by mothers with nothing else to do in the
labor line but to care for them, than by motheis
who work to support them. Look! there is
Mrs. Jones stepping out of her splendid car-
riage at Stewarts, dressed in style, who has
an infant at home without a mothers care.
She is out to purchase a magnificant dtess to
wear to Mrs. Smiths great party. She has seen
her baby but once to-day and then only for a
moment. And there goes poor widow Brown to
her work. She has a baby at home too, and
two little curly headed boys besides, who are d pendent upon her for support. She kissed the
little darlings when she left them this morning
and talked so beautifully to them, and to-night
when she goes home she will see their pretty
faces pressed against the window pane, and
baby will spring into her "arms, and coo and
laugh and jump, and then sleep all night in h r
bosom. Neither of the two women give all
their attention to their babies, but the laboring
woman gives most. Ill risk the babies if their
mothers have expanded minds, common sense,
affection, sound education, and good health,
even if they desire the right of suffrage, and
have an opportunity to go to the polls and cast
their ballots ; even if they know who the man
is they want for President of the country, inde-
pendently of their husbands opinion, even if
they can write an essay, or speak to an audience
on Womans Suffrage. I dont see but the babies
of Harriet B. Stowe, Lucy Stone, Elizabeth C.
Stanton and Frances D. Gage have fared as well
as any babies, and they surely have cause to be
proud of their mothers. Why, babies are not
at all in the way of Woman Suffrage, but rather
their existence is a great reason why their
mothers should have a right to assist in making
the laws that these little ones must grow up
under and obey. There is nothing that looks
so sweet to me as a baby ; and my deep interest
in them is one great reason why I am so desir-
ous that their mothers should, have their full
rights, and stand side by side with their fathers.
I feel ashamed to have the boys grow up and
have more rights than their mothers. Did you
ever think how little time thousands of mothers
have to attend to their babies, who have all their
housework to do? I heard oue mother say,
Why, I am obliged to let my children run wild,
1 have so much to do. I cannot give them the
attention they require. Now, I dont believe
Frances D. Gages children did any more than
run wild. Because a woman marries, she need
not think that is the end of her ability for doing
anything but housework and tending babies
I am ashamed of such women; Minding


268
vanish with marriage I hope; if so we had better
all live old maids. Now, my conservative
friends, dont, let the babies frighten you. What
they most need are noble mothers with culti-
vated minds of their own, and the ballot in their
hands, then the dainty creatures will grow into
njble men and ^omen.
Julia Crouch.
FLABBY OLD WOMANCAUSE AND EF-
FECT.
Whence comes the general idea, that the ma-
jority of old women must necessarily be objects
of endurance and charity ?
He is nothing but an old woman. What
an old granny! This not only means that ones
mind has become flabby and imbecile, but that
even the muscles of his face and body have
become generally flabby, and his walk and oc-
cupation also.
Well! what produces this desirable stagna-
tion of body and soul ? A want of proper exer-
cise of the mind ; change and variety of occu-
pation.
In one class of society, what is the general
occupation of women ? Get breakfast, wash the
dishes ; get dinner, wash the dishes ; get tea,
wash the dishes. Day in, day out; year in,
year out; life in, life out. And is the remainder
of their time entirely occupied in sewing and
patching? No indeed The woman is young,
and naturally must be interested in something.
Dbes she read the newspapers ; post herself in
politics, or in the current interests of the day ?
Does she interest herself in her husbands or
her fathers business ? Does she know what was
the cause of the war ? This is not to be expected.
It is unfeminine, and what is more monstrous
than a would-be literary woman ? But l say she
is young, and must interest herself in some-
thing, so her mind runs only in the narrow
channel of her neighbors affairs.
It is the same in a so called higher class
(By the way, it is difficult to know, if intellect
or iguorance, money, or what, constitutes the
standard higher class in the feminine world.)
It has been said of the French women, their sole
occupation is to habile, babile, and dishabile.
Well! to be sure, my higher class do not
wash the dishes. It would be well perhaps, if
they might take that amount of exercise.
Butit is
Dress, dress, dress,
Simper simper, simper,
Novels, novels, novels,
Whimper, whimper, whimper.
(They are quite as sensible and sublime as my
poetry.)
Men! I have no patience with your unreasona-
ble prejudices. To what does the occupation of
your idols tend? To stagnation of body and
mindto final disgust, and contempt.
Begin by giving to woman the impartial suf-
frage, and inspire your wives with ideas that
will make them your companions and not your
slaves.
Women! cultivate y^ur minds with vigorous,
improving and wholesome exercise. It is not
incompatible with your refined manner and
feminine bearing, with your housekeeping abili_
ties and love for your children.
Master the sturdier subjects! It will be your
adornment in society, your refuge in emergen-
cies.
Can you not tell the difference between a
strong minded! ! old woman, and a tolerated
old woman of society ? In one the eye is still
bright with the glowing spark of intellect; ths
luiUMltttitftt.
muscles are still symmetrical with the healthful
exercise of strength; or what is more compan-
ionable, jolly, and interesting than a dear old
man of intellect ? Again, I am out of patience
with you, flabby old woman, for you deserve
your contempt from your bigoted, narrow
minded, popular prejudices.
Adele Summers.
WOMAN'S WOBK.
LETTER PROM FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE.
The following letter from Florence Nightin^
gale to an American clergyman contains some
interesting reflections upon the question of
womans work:
London, September 13, 1866.
To Lemuel Moss:
My Dear Sir : I could not do what you asked me to
do in your kin d letter oi' July 12, Viz s gi ve you informa,
tion about my own life ; though if I could it would be
to show how a woman of very ordinary ability has been
led to Godby strange and unaccustomed paths--to do
'in His service what He did in hers. And if I could tell
you all, you would see how God has done all and I
nothing. I nave worked hard, very hardthat is all
and I have never refused God anything j though, being
Daturally a very shy person, most of my life has been
distasteful to me. I have no peculiar gilts. And I can
honestly assure an? young lady, if she will but try to
walk, she will soon be able to run the "appointed
coarse. But then she must first learn to walk, and so
when she runs she must run with patience. (Most
people dont even try to walk.)
1st. But I would also say to all young ladies who ate
called to any peculiar vocation, qualify yourselves for it
as a man does for his work. Dont think you can under-
take it otherwise. No one should attempt to teach the
Greek language until he is master of the language; and
this he can only become by hard study. And,
2d. If you are called to mans work, do not exact a
womans privilegesthe privilege of inaccuracy, of
weakness, ye muddleheads! Submit yourselves to the
rules of business, as men do, by which alone you oan
make Gods business succeed; for He has never said that
He will give his success and His blessing to inefficiency,
to sketching, and unfinished work.
Sd. It ha6 happened to me mot e than once to be told
by women (your countrywomen), Yes, but yon had
personal freedom. Nothing can well be further from
the truth. I question whether God has ever brought
any one through more difficulties and contradictions
than I have nad. But I imagine these exist less among
you than among us, so I will say no more.
4th. But to ail women I would say, look upon your
work, whether it be au accustomed or an unaccustomed
work, as upon a trust confided to you. This will keep
you alike from discouragement and from presumption,
from idleness and from overtaxing yourself. Where
God leads the way He has bound Himself to help yon to
go the way.
I have been nine years confined a prisoner to my
room from illness, and overwhelmed with business.
(Had I more faithmore of the faith which I professI
should not say overwhelmed, for it is all business
sent me by God. And I am really thankful to Him,
though my sorrows have been deep and many, and He
still makes me to do His business.)
This must be my excuse for not having answered
your questions before.
Nothing with the approval of my own judgment has
been made public, or I would send it. I have a strong
objection to sending my own likeness for the same rea-
son. Some of the most valuable works the world ha3
ever seen we know not who is the author of; we only
know that God is the author of all. I do not urge this
example upon others ; but H is a deep-sealed religious
scruple in myself. I do not wish my name to remain,
nor my likeness. That God alone should be remem-
bered I wish.
If I could really give the lessons of my life to my
countrywomen and yours (indeed, I lain look upon us as
all one nation)the lessons ol my mistakes as well as of
the restI would; but for this there is no time. I would
only say, workwork in silence at first, in silence for
yearsit will not he time wasted? Perhaps in all your
life it will he the time you will afterwards find to have
been best spent; and it is very certain that without it
you will be no worker. You will not pro,duce one per-
fect work, but only a botch in the service of God,
Pray believe me, my dear sir, with great truth, ever
your faithful servant,
Florence Nightingale.
Have you read Bakers Sources of the Nile, where
he says he was more like a donkey than an explorer ?
That Is much my case, and I believe is that of all who
have to do any unusual work. And I would especially
guard young ladies from fancying themselves like lady
superiors, with an obsequious following of disciples, if
they undertake any great work.
Reject the Radicals.We see a disposition
every where to reject the Radicals in electing
members of Congress. The New York Times
says it is important that none of the more ma-
lignant enemies of Gen Grant, who call them-'*
selves republicans, should be elected to the next
Congress. Ashley of Ohio, for example, who
attempted to force a measure through Congress
impeaching Gen Grant, and Butler of Massa-
chusetts, who has been one of his worst revil-
ers, the Times says should not be re-elected.
A friend in Nevada, in a private note to
The Revolution, writes as follows :
A friend of mine, and one of the brightest intellects on
the coast, is a candidate, and will probably be elected a
member of the Legislature of this state. He is one of
the best lawyers on the coast. Since I wrote the enclosed
we nave had a conversation on Female Suffrage, and
both agree that as soon as the Presidential election is
over ,that it is the next great question that will and of
right should agitate the country. We fully agree, too,
that women should vote as a simple act of justice. And
we fully agree in the belief that the institutions of the
country .will rest upon a broader, firmer basis, as also
much of the immorality and corruption of politics will
be ooviated. I proposed to him to, night, il' eleoted, to
introduce an amendment to our Constitution to that end
and to back it up with a prepared speech, believing, as I
do, that he could make one equal in power to any that
has been delivered, and that upon this issue we would
make the fight. He said he bad never read a speech
or any document upon the subject; that his views were
formed entirely upon his own ideas of right and wrong,
that he would make the fight, but would be glad to have
all the information on the subject he could get. I want
you to send all the information you can get upon the
subject, speeches, reports, statistics, etc., cither in the
United States or England.
Virginia City.
AMERICAN SOCIAL SCIENCE ASSOCIA-
T1 ON.
At the recent meeting in Boston, Prof. W. B.
Rogers, President of the Association, mad* an
eloquent and very interesting address upon the
object and work of the Association. Among
other matters, he pointed out the deleterious in-
fluence upon health arising from the use of iron
stoves, especially when brought to a red heat.
He spoke of the relations existing between the
employed and employer, a subject which should
be approached and handled in the purest spiri*,
of humanity. A true partnership should exist
between labor and capital, each considerate of
the others welfare and true interests. He
briefly touched upon the subject of free trade,
advocating it as conducive of the nations high-
est good, and styled it the grand humanitarian
principle which should knit and bind together
the tribes and nations of the earth. He liked
free dealing in everything, in thought as well as
in dry goods or cotton. Prof. Rogers spoke in
conclusion of the defects in our common school
system. He thought there was too strong a
tendency to cram and gorge the mind while
yet in an unformed condition. He did not think
it of advantage to our youth to have a some-
thing of all the studies, without a logical and
thinking mind*


269

LITERARY,
The White Scalper. A story of the Texan war. By
Gustave Aimard. Author of The Prairie Flower, *
The Trail Hunter, ** The- Indian Scout, ** The
Trappers Daughter The Indian Chief/ etc.. Gus-
tave Aimard has lived an age among the savages. As
adopted son of one of the most powerful Indian nations,
he has fought, hunted, trapped by their side. He has
been in turn squatter, hunter, trapper, and miner, and
has seen the mode of life of all the adventurers who
traverse the Indian deserts in every direction. Pub-
lished by T. B. Peterson & Brothers, Philadelphia. Price
fifty cents a copy.
Illustrated Annual of Phrenology and Physiology, by
S. B. Wells, Editor of the Phrenological Journal and Life
Illustrated, 389 Broadway. Forty engravings. 26 cents
single copy.
Mediumshlp. Its laws and conditions, with instruc-
sions for the formation of spirit circles. By J. H. Powell.
Also The Spirituelle or directions in development. By
Abby M. Laflin Ferree. Boston: William White & Co.,
Banner of Light office. The Spiritualists are enlarging
the amount and greatly improving the quality of their
literature as they themselves necome better acquainted
with its mysteries. These two works are pamphlets
or tracts, prettily got up, and their titles bespeak their
contents and character.
The School Day Visitor is a magazine for young peo-
ple, and a capital work for them too. Price $1.25 a year,
Philadelphia: Daughaday and Baker, 424 Walnut street.
The Little Corporal. Au original magazine for
boys and girls. The Corporal grows fast. He will be a'
Captain soon, at this rate. And he ha? a new suit of
clothes, with a handsome green jacket outside, all broke
out on the fore side with pictures and pretty things.
And he will make any boy or girl a monthly visit for a
whole year who will send him on one dollar to pay bis
fare, to care of A. L. Sewell, his guardian, 6 Custom
house place, Chicago His.
The Nursery. A monthly magazine for the youngest
readers. By Fanny P. Seavern. Boston: .John L. Shorey
18 Washington street. New York: 119 Nassau street.
$1.50 a year. We dont know Fanny Seavern only
through her little magazine, but do earnestly recommend
all youngest readers to make her acquaintance, and
older ones will be sure to follow. This is truly a cap-
ital little messenger.
The Atlantic Monthly for November. The Atlan-
tic Almanac for 1869. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. New
York: 63 Bleecker street. The Monthly is now too well
and widely known to need praise or advertisement. The
country expects it and knows what to expect. And it is
never disappointed. Give us this month, our monthly
food, is the universal prayer to the old, enterprising and
well established house from which it emanates. .And
so bountiful and rich too is the supply not only monthly
but constantly furnished by them, that their house
might well be called BethlehemHouse of Bread.
Their Atlantic Almanac is a splendid literary album, en-
tirely original, embellished with beautiful colored illus-
trations,,nearly seventy pages royal octavo, elegantly
presented every way, under the editorship of Donald
G. Mitchell. A thing of beauty' and a joy, if Dot forever,
at least for 1869.
LEE LI1ERARY ASSOCIATION.
The Lee Literary Association in this city,
though but two years old, numbers already sev-
enty-fire members, young men and women ; the
equality of the sexes being recognized in their
mutual right to labor and to enjoy. It meets
once a fortnight, at the residences of members,
the early part of the evening being occupied with
debates on interesting and important topics,
with listening to original poems and essays, and
with readings from standard authors. The lat-
ter part of the time is given up to purely social
enjoymentsmusic, dancing and conversation.
A journal is issued regularly, to which all mem-
bers contribute freely, and once a month an ad-
dress is given. The President is Rev. D. K.
Lee, who, notwithstanding all the cares incident
to a large pastorate, finds time to identify him-
self with everything connected with either his
Society or Church. A good deal more of these
human, and humanizing influences infused into
religions societies would help the world and
themselves also.
A Sign.The radical Tanners at St.
Louis, it is said, turned several loyal negro
clubs out of their procession the other night.
Not a dd nigger with us, was the joyful
exclamation of a Tanner, as he laid aside his
torch to take a drink at a wayside inn.
Credit to whom Credit.We like the Chi-
cago Advance and often copy from it; but
when we do we always give At full credit by
name.
In Tpye.Several valuable communications
and other matter.
SILENCED AT LAST.
Heretofore our entrance to the magnificent
salesroom of Wheeler &Wilson has been greeted
by the musical click of their sewing machines,
intermingled with the song of birds and the
hum of pleasant voices. Alas, the change!
The wheels now glide as swiftly, and the silver
arms still weave the silken threads into pearly
stiches, but silent as a dream or an angel whis-
per. An improvement has hushed that silver
tongue. No longer will it time the mother's
song as she sings her babe to sleep, or the mai-
den's, as she stiches robes for herself and loved
ones. Silent as the heart beats, or the ebb and
flow of life-currents, the wheels and arms glide
and glitter, leaving its pretty mistress to make
all the noise. .
THE BENEDICT TIME WATCH.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches ior the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in.
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfect time-keeper. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture of the move-
ments, which are of nickel,, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement .gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stock of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
' ulated aud in every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say.
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.

Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeCold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
lanlic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Rank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit MdbUier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the Souih and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, mare Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POSIAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
VOL. II.NO. 17.
LEGAL TENDER PAPER MONEY.
We copy from a Western paper the following
article by a delegate to the recent Labor Con-
gress assembled in this city. It is one of a
short series of Labor Tracts, andFas it presents
in a clear and forcible way the ideas of which
the workingmen are now taking hold, we give it
almost entire. The author of the NewMone-
tary Systemwho wrote before-the war debt
was contractedproposed that the money of the
country should be issued by the government in
exchange for the mortgages of individuals on
their productive real estate ; the leaders of the
workingmen propose that the money shall be
issued in payment of the 5-20 bonds. In both
cases there is the same provision for funding
with government bonds bearing interest, any
surplus money above the amount needed for
a circulating medium, the bonds being recon-
vertible into legal tender money at the will of
the holders.
S. F. Cary, who introduced the bill referred
to, has not been re-elected to Congress. We
do not know what his views of reconstruction
are, but evidently reconstruction is the most
prominent point now before the country, and
with the mass of the people the election, we be-
lieve, is decided by the determination to uphold
Congress in its. policy on this issue. The finan-
cial question has great weight with the republi-
can leading men, and no doubt many of the
democrats perfectly agree with them in regard
to paying the five-twenties in gold ; hut this
question has not been as yet much debated, nor
is it: yet understood by the people ; it must come
up separately and on its own merits.
The election of Grant will relieve the nation
of the issue of reconstruction, which will now
be settled, we trust, on an enduring basis ; and
the people will then be ready to consider the
money problem. This is presenting itself un-
der new and most interesting aspects. We be-
lieve that at no distant day the question before
the minds of thinking men will be not whether
we shall have an abundant legal tender paper
currency at a low and uniform rate of interest,
but how this mon^y shall he issued, and our
readers will find in this ably written Tract some -
thing of the argument in favor of one of the
proposed plans :
The Labor Union party met at Chicago in August
1867, for the purpose of icquiring into the financial con-
dition of the country, and also to investigate the cause
of the general conflict which bae existed, and now ex-
ists, in this country between capital and labor, resulting
in strikes that prove, and always must prove, suicidal to
both labor and capitalists. That convention, after con-
sulting together, and collecting the facts and statistics
from all parts of the Union, came to the conclusion tha t
the whole difficulty lies in our American monetary ays >


270
tem ; that by bad legislation it was In the beginning put
upon a wrong basis, and that only by proper legislation
can it now be remedied, and that such legislation is of
the first importance to all or the industrial classes of the
country. The Labor Union party called a special meet*
iug which was held in New York on the 2d and 3d days
of July, 1868, and after consulting together adjourned
to meet again in New York, September 21, 1868. At the
meeting in July a resolution was passed indorsing the
principles of the bill introduced into Congress by the
Hon. Samuel F. Cary, on the 7th of January, 1868. That
bill was prepared with care, and after a full ascertain-
ment of all the facts, and the history of our monetary
system from the beginning of the American government.
The Labor Union party contend that if the Cary bill be
adopted as the law governing our American monetary
system, the following-results will be produced:
1st. That the whole bonded debt of the United States
can be liquidated, principal and interest, within the next
twenty years, without taxing the people one dollar for
that purpose.
2d. That it will result in saving to productive indus-
try two millions per day in addition to paying the debt
and interest. Now, these may appear to some persons
startling assertions. It is admitted that assertions are
not always facts, nor are facts always truths. But the
above propositions are true, or they are not; and as
these truths can he determined by the simplest rules of
arithmetic I will give the facts, so that any person who
has learned his multiplication table can test the ques-
tion. The assertion is based on the idea that the sover-
eign power of this nation can do whatever is necessary
to preserve the life of this nation and tend to the
common good. That if it becomes necessary to in-
crease the amount of a circulating medium called money,
to he used in carrying on the business of the nation, to
be used in exchanging values, in representing values and
be a legal tender for all debts, public and private, we
contend that the power is in Congress to establish such
a medium to circulate as money, and that whenever the
contingency should happen, Congress ought to exercise
that power ; but this question of the power of Congress'
to make American money I will hereafter notice.
We assume, therefore, for the present, that the powis
is in Congress to make a legal tender American money.
The question is, Ought Congress now to exercise that
power in order to relieve the industrial classes from the
heavy burthens imposed on them to pay interest for the
loan of money ? Let us state the case and see bow we
stand. We will take the national ledger, as reported by
Secretary McCulloch. How much do we own as a nation ?
What did we own at the beginning? What was the
amount of the stock account in 1790? What has been
the rate of increase annually ? What is now the amount
of the aggregate wealth? Who owns it? How much
does the nation owe ? How much money is there on
hand to carry on the business and pay Che debt ?
Who is called'upon to pay the debt? These ques-
tions are all answered by a statement of the facts.
In 1790 the aggregate wealth of the nation was esti-
mated to be one billion, and the population 4,000,000.
The wealth was then more generally diffused than at
anytime subsequent Frcm the best data we can get,
twenty per cent, of the population then owned one-half
of tiie aggregate wealth. The morease of Che wealth, as
shown by the- bureaus, of statistica, has been at the rate
of three and one*third per cent annually compounded
andis now estimated at twenty billions, ($20,000,000,000.)
Now'ot this $20,000,000,000 two and a half per cent. Of
Che population own 60 per cent, or $12,000,000,000, and
97K per cent, of the population own $8,000,000,000.
The owners of the $12,000,000,000 produce nothing.
They rent and loan their unproductive capital and live
on the interest received for its use. The laborer, by
applying his labor to borrowed capital, is enabled to in-
crease the national wealth annually at the rate of three
and one-third per cent The increase of the national
wealth ascertained to be at that rate, and no more, this
should determine tberate of inter^pt that the laborer can
aflord topay for the use of capital, and when the rate Of
distribution of the nett productions of labor and capital
can be settled between man and man, the distribution is
generally made equitably. That is to say, capital re-
ceives its equitable proportion, and labor a like equit-
able proportion.
To illustrate this idea more clearly. The farmer who
has for a period of thirty years applied his own labor to
his own capital, and has thereby become the owner of a
well-improved farm, is no longer able to labor; the
farm will not produce unless labor is applied ; the la-
borer comes along, an upon which the capital shall be let to the laborer;
thej agree that after paying taxes and keeping up re-
pairs the surplus shall be divided by giving two-thirds

to tiie laborer, and one-third to the capital. If, for ex-
ample, there has been produced, by the combination of
labor and capital, a surplus of three hundred bushels of
wheat, the laborer takes 200 bushels and the owner of
the capital 100 bushels. Here is an equitable distribu-
tion of the surplus productions of labor and capital.
The laborer, by having the use of capital, can produce
more than by daily labor unaided by capital, and the
owner of capital has by the aid of labor been re-
warded by a just rate of interest or- rent; both have
contributed to increase the national wealth, and they
have agreed to divide equitably between themselves the
nett productions, so that each has added to his own in-
dividual stock without the one absorbing all that has
been produced. If this rule of rewarding labor, which
prevails in the department of agriculture, could be ap-
plied in all other branches of productive industry, the
capitalist and laborer would both receive their equitable
proportions. But, unfortunately, the rule cannot be
adopted in all cases, and the proportion of the earnings
of labor that shall be allotted to the laborer, and the
proportion that shall goto capital for its nse, is regu-
lated by the rate of interest that is allowed for the use of
money. If the rate of interest be such as to absorb all
the earnings of the labor and capital combined, then
the capitalist takes all the earnings, as if the former
should take the three hundred bushels of wheat and tell
the laborer : You can continue your daily toil for a sub-
sistence : £ will allow you to continue, bat-1 will take
all the productions of your labor and my capital; I have
fixed the rate of rent at 600 bushels of wheat, and as
only 300 bushels can be produced I will trust you for
300 bushels and charge you interest until it is paid.
Now we find the increase on the national wealth has
been at the rate of 3% per cent, per annum, yet the
government has fixed the rate ot interest on money at
six per cent., to be compounded semi-annually,
paid in gold, which makes it equal to 8.40 to the tax-
payer. This absorbs all the nett productions,andleaves
the laborer every year farther in debt. But Jay Cooke
says, a national debt is a national blessing, and that
if the government wants money at any time, it will be
furnished, provided the government will fond the pre-
sent debt into bonds payable in fifty years, principaland
interest to be paid in gold, and to oblige the Jay Cookes
and the bondholders, Congress slipped the bill through
on the last day of the session providing for funding the
debt into gold bonds, that now call for lawful money,
thereby entailing the tax that now absorbs all the pro-
duction of labor and capital combined. Let us test the
effect of the system as now in operation.
As before stated, the aggregate wealth of the nation is
estimated at twenty billions ; twelve billions is owned
by two and a half per cent, of the population, and eight
billions by the other ninety-seven and a half per cent.
The two and a half per cent, owning twelve billions of
the wealth produce nothing, but live on the rents and
interest received lor the use of capital. This rent and
interest is paid by those who can apply their labor to the
capital, and the rate of interest established for the use of
money determines the rate of rent to be paid for the
twelve billions of unproductive capital. If the rate is
such as will absorb all the productions of labor and
capital, labor receives nothing but a subsistenceall
goes to unproductive capital. Now, who is to determine
what shall he an equitable rate of interest ? that is to
say, what rate of interest will allow the laborer a just
proportion of the nett productions after paying to
capital it* equitable shareas in the case of the owner of
a farm who takes 100 bushels of wheat and allows the la-
borer 200 bushels. It the rate of interest be so high as
to absorb all of the productions of labor and capital, la-
bor is robbed of its equitable proportion. If the nett
production is and capital charges six per cent, labor
is robbed. Now who is to fix a just rate of interest, an
equitable medium, so as to give to labor and capital their
just proportions without the one absorbing the other ?
The constitution gives to Congress the power to regu-
late the value ot money, and a just standard of weights
and measures. How regulate the value of money ? By
fixing the rate of interest that should be allowed for the
use of money. That is to say, when the government
owes a debt that cannot be paid for want of money in the
Treasury it is for Congress to determine the rate of in-
terest that the people shall be taxed until the debt is
paid. If Congress determines that the people shall be
taxed to pay an interest of six per cent, in gold, com-
pounded as they have in regard to 6-20 bonds, it is tax-
ing the people at the rate of 2.% per cent, more than the
rate of increase on the national wealth; and Congress
having established the rate which the people shall he
taxed to pay interest on unproductive capital, the inter-
est to be paid on the 6-20 bonds is now taken as the
standard for the value of money and the rent of prop-
er
erty. No one loans money or rents property at a lower
rate than that fixed by Congress which is to the tax-
payer equal to 8-40. But if we call it 8 per cent, that is
paid to the owners of twelve billions, this amounts to
nine hundred and sixty millions annually paid for the
rent and interest of unproductive capital. I call it un"
productive unless labor be applied to it.
Now, where do this nine hundred and sixty million8
that are added yearly to the twelve billions come from.
The whole increase of the national wealth by labor and
capital combined, at the rate of three and one-third per
cen t is, on twenty billions, six hundred and sixty-six mil-
lions, six hundred and sixty-six thousand, so that unpro-
ductive capital takes all the increase and robs the eight
billions of three hundred millions to make up the amount*
At Ihe rate of interest fixed by Congress it only requires
about seven years for capital to absorb all that labor pro-
duces and all that the laborer owns. If Congress had
fixed the rate of interest at sixteen per cent, four years
would have been sufficient for the owners of the twelve
billions to absorb all the nett productions and the eight
billions besides. But if Congress had fixed the rate at
three per cent, the owners of the twelve billions wonld
receive $360,000,000, and the owners of the eight billions
$3,006,000,000 of the nett increase. Such a medium of
distribution would be equitable. Instead of Capital
taking all, robbing labor, there would be added $360,000,.
000 to the twelve billions and $306,000,000 to the eight
billions annually.
Now, if the bonded debt is paid off as it matures, or
when the government shall have the right to pay the
bonds, this will be a saving of $200,000,000 yearly, and
if the rate of interest on money is -fixed by Congress
at three per cent., as proposed by the Cary bill, this will
save to labor $2,010,000 per day in addition to the tax
now collected to pay interest on the bonds. The cause
of the high rate of interest on money is because there
is not a sufficient amount of lawful money furnished to
the people of this nation. In England the amount of
lawful money in circulation is $25 per capita, and in
France it is $36. In this country it is not over $18 per
head. The money of this country is concentrated so as
to be under the control of a few Individuals, and there
fore it is that the money of the country is used for the.
accumulation of the wealth of the nation, every day
into fewer hands. Money can only be borrowed on the
terms proposed by the lender, and never at a less rate
of interest than Congress has determined shall be paid
on the 6-20 bonds, 8-40 in currency.
Now, tithe bonded debt be paid as it matures, the bonds
calling for gold, paid in gold, those calling for lawful
money be paid in lawful money, this would give us a
circulating legal tender money of about forty dollars per
capita. That is to say, if one thousand five hundred
millions of the bonds which£call for lawful money be
paid in legal tender money, this would give forty dollars
per capita of lawful money, leaving one thousand mil.
lions of the debt unpaid. Let that debt bear three per
centinterest, and bonds bearing that rate can be offered
the persons to whom the money is due, with the option to
take 6uch a bond or the money, this bond to be ex
changed at any time for money, or the money for three
per cent, bonds. If one billion five hundred millions of
the bonds are paid, it will give as before stated, forty
dollars per capita of lawful money, and leave one thou-
sand millions to bear three per cent, interest. This will
be $30,000,000 annually, and not $200,000,000. The in-
crease in the business of the nation and of the popula-
tion being at the rate of 3K per cent, per annum, in or
der to keep up the forty dollars per capita of money,
$50,000,000 must be added the first year to the circulation.
This $50,000,000 taken from the interest bearing debt
pays the $30,000,000 of interest, and $20,000,000 of the
principal the first year, and by continuing the increase
of circulation annually so as to keep it at forty dollars
per capita, the whole of the present bonded debt would
be absorbed into circulation in less than twenty years
and without one dollar of taxation for interest. u.
THE MONET MARKET
was feverish and excited during the week, call loans be-
ing difficult to obtain at 7 per cent. In gold and currency
and innumerous cases % per cent besides. At the close
the market was sharp and active, the stringency being
somewhat slackened owing to the liberality of some of
the banks in assisting borrowers, and 7 per cent, in gold
was bid for round amounts, with large transactions
among private bankers at 7 per cent, in currency. The
weekly bank statement i9 not so favorable though bet-
ter than was expected and exhibits further contraction:
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week:


1L
C.
8fc**l>tV0lttti0tt.

271
Oct 17. Oct. 24. Differences
Loans, $264.6-14,135 $263,579,133 Dec. $1,065,002
Specie, 9,186,620 9,553,583 Inc. 866,968
Circulation, 34,213,918 34,198,938 Dec. 19,980
Deposits, 188,180,686 186,052,847 Dec. 2,827,739
Legal-tenders, 58,626,857 66,711,434 Dec. 1,915,423
THE GOLD MARKET
was weak and irregular throughout the week and at the
close fell as low as 134% to 134%.
The fluctuations in the gold market for. the week were
as.follows : Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturdy, 17, 136% 137% 136% 137
Monday, 19, 136% 137% 136% 137%
Tuesday, 20, 137% 137% 186% 137%
Wednesday, 21 , 13*% 136% 136% 136%
Thursday, 22, 135% . 135% 135% 135%
Friday, 23, 183% ' 136 135 135
Saturday, 24, 135 135% 134% 134%
Monday, 26, 133% 134% 133% 134
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was firmer at th e clese, and prime hankers 60 days ster-
ling are quoted 109% to 109%, and sight 110% to 110%,
Francs on Paris bankers long 5.16% to 6.15 and short
6.13% to 5.12%..
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was irregular with frequent fluctuations, declining con-
siderably, owing to the stringency in the money market
and again rallying through the cliques in their endea-
vors to sustain the market. The business transacted
at the boards during the last week has been enormous,
the average sales being more than double those of any
other week for the last three months. At the close prices
were generally off in sympathy with the break in Erie
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Canton, 48 to49 ; Boston W. P., 15% to 15% : Cum-
berland, 84 to 36 ; Quicksilver, 22% to 23; Mariposa, 6%
to 9; Mariposa preferred, 29 to 21; Pacific Mail, 123%
to 124 ; W. U. Tel., 36 to 36% ; N. Y. Central 124% to
124%; Erie, 38% to 39 ; Erie preferred, 67 to67%; Hud-
son River, 134 to 135; Reading, 96% to 96% ; Wabash,
60 to 60% ; Mil. & St. P., 99% to 100 ; do. preferred,
99 to 100; Fort Wayne, 111% to 111% ; Ohio &
Miss., $9% to 29% ; Mich. Central, 118% to 119 ; Mich.
South, 84% to 84% ; 111. Central, 143 to 146 ; Pittsburg,
86% to 86% ; Toledo, 101% to 101% ; Rock Island, 104%
to 104%; North West, 88% 88% ; do. preferred, 88%
to 88% ; Wells Fargo, 29 to 29% ; Adams, 49% to 50% ;
American, 45% to 46 ; United States, 46% to 47%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
in the early part of the week shared in the general de-
pression of the markets, owing to the stringency in the
money market and the decline in gold. At the close the
market was firmer.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau, street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881, 114 to 114%; Coupon, 1881, 115 to
115% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 106 to 106% ; Coupon, 5-20
1862,112% to 113 ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 111 to 111%;
Coupon, 5-20, 1865, 111 to 311% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865,
Jan. and July, 109% to 110; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
110 to 110%; Coupon, 5 20, 1868, 110% to 110%;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103% to 104; 10-40 Coupon, 105%
to 105%.
THE CUSTOMS DUTIES
for the week were $2,390,312 in gold against $2,884,676
$2,764,350 and $2,408,429 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $4,999,106
in gold against $5,371,459 $4,057,449 and $6,733,633 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $3,351,454 in currency against $2,753,889, $3,072,-
568, and $2,686,708 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $29,724 against $410,313,
$43,620 and $283,126 for. the preceding weeks:
SOMETHING NEW.
PAYS INDIA RUBBER PROPELLING
PENCILS, with indellible leads, a convenient sub-
stitute for ink, very valuable for clergymen, lawyers,
physicians, merchants, salesmen, travellers, entry clerks,
shippers, expressmen, and all others who want to write
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does not get out of order, and will last a lifetimemore
economical than a wood pencil, beside the great advan-
tage of being indellible. $1.50, with a box of leads ;
small size, $1.25.
Samples sent by mail on receipt of the price.
Just the thing for fruit growers for marking tags.
For sale at the office of THE REVOLUTION.
J^ NEW MONETARY SYSTEM :
THE ONLY MEANS OF
SECURING THE RESPECTIVE RIGHTS
OF LABOR AND PROPERTY,
AND OF
PROTECTING THE PUBLIC FROMv FINANCIAL
REVULSIONS.
BY EDWARD KELLOGG.
Forsale by Higgins, Tooker & Co., 123 & .125 William
St., New York. Price $1.25.
The author lays the axe at the root of the evils of
our currency and financial system. * He shows,
what is undoubtedly true, that the monetary system of
thi9 and all other civilized countries tends rapidly to
make the rich richer and the poor poorer. * # *
The tendency is everywhere the same from the same
cause. The condition of the Irish peasant who raises
good wheat and fattens fine pork, but is never able to
taste either, because capital and taxes leave him noth-
ing bat potatoes to live upon, will become in time the
condition of the producing classes of this and all other
countries, if the existing monetary system remains.
* * The author shows conclusively, that gold and
silver are not, and cannot be, the representatives of
value, that even, in what is called specie-paying times,
these metals enter to a very limited extent into the
transactions of business, and that the banks which
are said to be on a specie basis never have a third of
the precious metals on hand to meet their full liabili-
ties. * * This shows that the writer had com-
prehensive views on the subject, for while bis proposed
currency is not exactly of the character of the green-
back currency, they are alike in being uniform, national
and based upon the credit of the government or coun.
try. * * He shows that a high rate of interest
absorbs in the hands of capitalists all the profits of in-
dustry and leaves the producers poor. To remedy this,
in connection with his system of a safety lund and k
uniform legal tender currency, he would have Congress
establish a low and uniform rate of interest for the
whole country. We have not space here to go into the
details of his scheme, which is novel and suggestive.
New York Herald-
It presents an acute analysis of the functions of.
money, and abounds in singularly suggestive ideas,
which canuot fail to awaken the interestof the reader.
New York Tribune.
UTLERS SYSTEM OF HEALTH-EXER-
cise, The Lifting Cure. Boston and New York.
New York ofilce, No. 880 Broadway. Boston office, No.
19 Temple Place. D. P. Butler, proprietor, Boston, Mass.
J. W. Leavitt and Lewis G. Janes, Physicians and In-
structors. An original scientific system of strength and
health culture, co-operative and graduated in its applica-
tion, adapted to men, women and children, harmoniously
developing the human body, making the weak strong,
and permanently curing disease and deformities. Safe
and efficient, even in the most delicate cases. Separate
department for ladies and children.
0
RIGINAL SONGS, SELECT POEMS,
School Dialogues, Essays, or Lectures on any
given subject. May be bad on easy terms, and of the
purest moral tone, by addressing
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
15 18 Hudson City, N. J.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane,
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphio Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
T INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
ALL KINDS AND 6IZES OF PAPER MADE TO ORDER.
REV. G. SCHAEFFER,
Editor of the Mirror," late Principal Normal
and Scientific Institute, has a New and Popular
Lecture WomanHer Equality and Scoial Posi-
tion.
Address MIRROR OFFICE,
16 18 Sharon, Wis.
B
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trade TIME Mark
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BENEDICT BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
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Agents for the American Waltham Watches.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,"
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
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and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS,
Up-Town, New Store,
691 BROADWAY.
The Most Readable Booh of the Bay.
AGENTS WANTED.
Autobiography of Horace gree-
LEY.
RECOLLECTIONS OF A BUSY LIFE.
A superb octavo of over 600 pages* Illustrated
Mr. Greeley has said of it: I shall never write any-
thing else into which I shall put so much of myself, my
experiences, notions, convictions and modes of thought,
as these Recollections. I give, with small reserve, my
mental history.
Price, in ex. cloth, $3.50; in sheep, $4.50 ; in half
morocco, $5.
Send for Circular. Exclusive Territory given.
Single copies mailed post-paid on receipt of price.
J. B. FORD, & CO., 164 Nassau street,
Printing-House Square, N. Y.
JJENRY WARD BEECHER'S SERMONS.
PLYMOUTH PULPIT
Is published weekly, containing the current series of Mr.
Beechers sermons, commencing with* the sermon of
Sunday, Sept. 20.
A neat octavo pamphlet, carefully printed and suitable
for binding. Price 6 cents per single copy; $2.50 per
year ; haif yearly, $1.60. Subscriptions received bv the
undersigned. The trade supplied by the American
News Company.
J. B. FORD & CO., 164 Nassau street,
16 19 Printing-House Square, N. Y.
manufactured j by Pierce & Co
Office 1 & Depot,
No. 33 BEEKMAN ST., N. Y.
A NEW, NEAT & NECESSARY ARTICLE
to every one whousesSoissoRsofauy size what-
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ANT PERSON CAN SUCCESSFULLY USE IT.
ALL who'have used it highly endorse it.
PRICE 25 CENTS EACH.
For sale at Hardware, Fancy Goods and Drug Stores.
Samples sen t by mail to any address on enclosing
80 cents to Office and Depot as above.
#2?.Dealers supplied on liberal terms.
"^TOMANS MEDICAL COLLEGE
of the New York Infirmary, 126 Second Avenue, wil
open Nov, 2d. For prospectus, apply to 1
14 17 Dr. E. BLACKWELL, Sec.
Principal and Interest in Gold.The First
Mortgage fifty-year seven per cent. Sinking Fund Cou-
pon Bond of the Rockford, Rock Island, and St. Louis
Railroad Company, principal and interest payable in
GOLD COIN, free of government tax, are for sale at tbe
office of the Company, No. 12 Wall street, at 97% per
cent., and accrued interest in currency.
Pamphlets, giving fuller information, may be had at
the office.
Government'and other securities received in exchan g e
at market rates,
XT TT PAnDV TSifioa nr AT


272

820 MILES
IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE INSUR-
ANCE.
JgJXIT OP CALIBAN AND SHYLOOK ;
OF XHE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
Are now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is, now probable that
the
WHOLE LINE TO THE PACIFIC WILL BE COM-
PLETED IN 1869.
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the right of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera-
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its road ; also United
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to be sur-
mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amountmay
be paid in services rendered by the Company in irans
porting troops, mails, etc.
THE EARNINGS OF THE UNION PACIFIC RAIL-
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 80, 1868, amounted to over
FOUR MILLION DOLLARS,
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
.that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
rbut they certainly prove that
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
amount,
The homoeopathic mutual life
INSURANCE CO.,
No. 231 Broadway, New Tore,
Insures lives upon Homceopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
ALL POLICIES NON 'FORFEITABLE.
capital, Premiums, and dividends all cash.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow from Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homceopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
doubted.
Send for Circulars and Tables.
.A TALE OF CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY AND CRU-
SADE.
tt treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swo-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Womans Rights and Free-
Love as candidly as Hepworth Dixon.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued.Philadelphia City Item.
Large 8 vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York.
[See advertisement Oct. 8.] 15 17
jy/pts. E. V. burns]
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets. Cin-
cinnati, O.,
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Charts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list.
Instiuction given at the class-room or by mail in the
newest, briefest, easiest, and most complete method of
Phonographic Reporting. Terms, $10 lor a full course
of 12 lessons. Instruction-books furnished free to
pupils. is 18
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE SOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with theoity, for
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also two Farms for sale in Monmouth County, one of
them on the sea shore.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, flew
York.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President.
JAMES CUSHING, Jb V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STANSRURY, Secretary.
A. HALSB.Y PLUMMER, Ass't. Secy.
STEWART L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
E. M. Kellogg, M.D. 1 w____. _
J. W. Mitchell, M.D. } Medlcal Examiners.
At office daily from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
-jyR. TRALLS health INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, h. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids; a College
Department for the Medical education of men aud wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
ARE ENTIRELY SECURE.
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, are for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. They bear
an nual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Companys Office in the city of New York, at
the rate of six per cent in gold. The prinoipal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, and at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value of these bonds is the length of time they have to
run.
It is well known that a Ion bond always commands a
much higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expeot that such six per
cent, securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of thia government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 23 per cent, above par. Tbe ex-
port demand alone may produce this result, and as the
issue of a private corporation, they'are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are the cheapest security in the market, ana re-
serve tbe right to advance the price at anytime. Sub-
scriptions will be received in New York
At the Companys Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
AND BY
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in dralts or other funds
par in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
ocal agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
ished by tbe Company, giving fuller information than
posable in an advertisement, respecting the Progress of
he Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Company's offices or to any of the advertised aynto.
JOHN J, CISCO, Treasurer,
apt. 14, 1868. ^ New York.
GENERAL AGENTS.
Dr. John Turner, 725 JTremont street, Boston.
Reynell Si Cleveland, 281 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wightman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
States
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W; Smith, Concord, for N. H.
ARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Brie
railroad.
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
19-6m.
JJENRY B. STANTON, .
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
WILLIAM GARDNER, SILVER SPRINGS
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Revolution.
DR. A SMITHS WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure an*,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenerv, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reacting, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon Vahey Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
Wernersville, Berks Co., Pa.
c
LEVELAND HOMCEOPATHIC COLLEGE
AND HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
Monday in November and end about the first of March.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
the able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
useful physicians.
For farther information address
WM. £. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 196 Erie st., Cleveland, O.
JpRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOB QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
THE NEW METHOD OF, TEACHING
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July doth
may be had by addressing the authoress,
MBS. CARRIE LEONARD,
. Hudson City, New Jersey
J^j-RS. MARY PECRENPATJGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS, 1
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to tbe duties of an Accoucheuse.
NEW YORK MEDICAL* COLLEGE FOR
Women, will begin their Sixth Aunual Term of
twenty weeks, at their new College in Twelfth street, cor-
ner of Second avenue, the first Monday in November
For Announcements, giving full particulars, address,
with stamps, the Dean, Mrs. C. 8. LOZIER, M. D., or
the Secretary, Mis. C. F. WELLS, Box 730, N. Y.
COMMERCIAL PARTNER WANTED.
J WOMAN PREFERRED.
$20,000 cash capital required. Businessjobbing in
hardware, flour, grain, provisions, agricultural tools and
seeds.
Partner wanted for bookkeeper and cashier. Location,
best in Vermont, and business every way desirable to
an enterprising person. Business hours from 7 a.m. to
6 p.m. Address
JOHN LANDON, Rutland, Vt .