The Revolution

Material Information

The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
i)f linso 1 uti un.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
To Subscribers.How to Send Monet.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay*
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many oi the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been sent to us with-
out any loss.
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ihe postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
give one copy of
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
"Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement."
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
inson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give one oopy of
Price $1.25.
For two new subscribers and four dollars, we will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 eacb, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 40 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett. Price,
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Lady's Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Prioe, $75,
For 100 Subscribers, au elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watcb, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting*
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishmen t
of Messrs. BENEDICT.BROS., keepers of the city time*
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
tail prices.
[We take the liberty of printing in The
Revolution the following private letter to one
of its editors :]
New York, Nov. 1, 1868.
My Dear Mrs. Stanton : I have jnst been
reading in The Revolution your notice
of Anna Dickinsons book. By way of amiable
protest, let me say (though not for publication)
that you do her so slender a justice as to amount
to a positive wrong.
A great moral reform elicits many books and
speechesthe best of which are seldom faultless
in artistic structure or literary finish. Uncle
Toms Cabin, judged as a. mere work of art,
seems as much out of shape as a stuffed Christ*
mas stocking in a chimney-nook : neverthless,
among all the fictions that have helped the
world, that unpremeditated aDd extemporan-
eous book stands second only to the Pilgrims
Progress. Wendell Phillipss political speeches,
judged as mere literary essays, abound in al-
most as much bad grammar as his editorials:
nevertheless, among all the statesmen of his
country and time, he is the conspicuous chief
the leader of leadersthe bright, particular star
of American politics.
There are many precious public utterances on
v hich one never thinks of rendering a verdict
of mere literary criticism. Does anybody ever
stop to ask whether or not the Declaration of
Independence is in good English? Does any-
body mourn over the Magna Charta because it
is in bad Latin? When the Atlantic Cable re-
ports to the Iribune what John Bright has been
saying, does it take that trouble merely because
he says it well? Did not onr whole nation
recognize that Abraham Lincolns homespun
words at Gettysburg were greater than Edward
Everetts gilded oration? Once when Father
Taylor, in preaching to his audience of seamen,
found himself entangled suddenly in a thicket
of accumulated clauses, he extricated himself
by exclaiming, I have lost track of the nom-
inative to my verb, but my brethren, one thing
I knowlam bound for the Kingdom of Heaven /
That was oratory superior to rhetoric! Ct was
getting the wine of eloquence by crushing the
grapes of style.
Now when a speech or sermon or book bap-
pens to be so good that one cares nothing for
the style in which it is expressed, the sub-
stance is thereby proven to he of peculiar and
extraordinary merit.
This is just my feeling about Miss Dickin-
sons story. On taking up the volume, and be-
fore knowing or suspecting its drift, I rebelled
against the opening chapters because I thought
them awkwardas, indeed, they are. But as
soon as I discovered the authors object in writ-
ingan object so unexpected, and so much no-
bler than any mere literary effectI immediately
quenched my disposition to criticize. Her
heroic attempt to join the Anglo-Saxon and the
Anglo-African blood in a true and lawful marri-
age, and to make fashionable society stand by
as a consenting and applauding witness, was a
purpose so much more perilous, humane and
Christian than was ever undertaken by any other
American author, that I said to myself (forget-
ting allliterary merits or defects), This is the
bravest book in American literature. Tell me
what New England or Knickerbocker book-mak-
er has ever more nobly and courageously defied
American opinion? Notone. And in this illus-
trious fact lies the chief and precious value of
this Quaker girls book.
But The Revolution takes exception, not
so much to Miss Dickinsons style, as to her
theme. I confess that this criticism, coming from
your pen, surprised me greatly. You intimate
that she ought to have turned her book on the
pivot of Womans Rights. But the story, as it
stands, is a signal contribution to Womans
Rights. It seeks to lift the most despised race
among our countrywomen to a just level with
the proudest. If its object had been merely to J
give to Miss Ercildoune a ballot, its pages
would have borne a less emphatic testimony to
Womans Rights than by giving to such a bride
as Francesca such a bridegroom as Surrey.
Then, too, as this is a white,mans govern-
ment, I owe to this book a white mans thanks for
vindicating a white mans right to marry whom-
soever he pleases, provided the lady herself con-
sents. It is impossible for white menparticu-
larly for such as feel a mantling and Tammany
pride in their whitenessto be ever considered a
truly superior race so long as they are denied the
sacred right of protecting their own private af-
fections by the solemn sanctions of public law.
More tyrannous than the worst Radical Repub-
lican rule is the public sentiment in the south
which forbids many an eminent white Demo-
crat from openly marrying the lady of his heart.
What a domestic boon this little book seeks to
confer on hundreds and thousands of natures
noblemen who were formerly the owners of
unmarried brides, and who are now provided
with a golden opportunity to wed their own
But I can pardon The Revolutionsneg-
lect to point out this one peculiar mission of
Miss Dickinsons book, because, my dear Mrs.
Stanton, your sympathies with the Democratic
party are of so recent an origin that you could
hardly be expected to appreciate, in a moment,
all the obligations of gratitude which that party
ought to feel, as white men, toward the only
book in our literature which directly points out
to them how to he at the same time both virtu-
ous and happy.
Of course you will accept this carping epistle
in the best of humor, because it comes from
Your friend and biographer,
Theodore Tilton.
It is pleasant to know that the Don Quixotes
are not all dead yet, that the age of chivalry in
which a gallant knight may break a lance in de-
fence of a fair lady is not yet wholly passed.
Of course it makes no matter whether the

274 * StVflttti**.
wrong done is real or imaginaiy ; when the
knight is armed cap a pie, in search of adven-
ture, if nothing better crosses his path, he must
attack windmills. Thus, our dear friend and
biographer, Mr. Tilton, deals us a series of
blows for our complimentary notice of Miss
Dickinsons book, and in so doing, is quite as
unjust to us, as he seems to imagine we were to
For lack of time we said hastily and concise-
ly wbat we thought, whereupon wo are made
the scape goat for the sins of all the critics who
have sneered at What Answer.
As we made no criticism on the grammar or
style of the book, all that he says on that point,
though true and admirable, bas no bearing what-
ever on us. As to her theme, we simply said
that Mass Dickinson would have done herself
greater credit had she written out of her own life-
experience which has been varied and eventful,
as any person can writs and speak better of
those things they have themselves enjoyed or
Charlotte Bronte could never have written
such a thrilling story as Jane Eyre from any ob-
jective point of view. We regret that Miss
Dickinson should have selected a theme that all
admit was long ago threadbare, and is now com-
pletely exhausted.
As to the heroic attempt to join the Anglo-
Saxon and Anglo-African blood a certaiu Will
Shakspeare did that better centuries ago than
it has ever been done since, because he
made his hero so black that no one was de-
ceived, while all our modern artists paint scarce
Anglo-African enough to swear by. There
was more merit in Desdemonas affiliation, for
she loved the virtues of the man through the
blackness ; but we do not see the great compli-
ment to the Anglo-African blood in Miss Ercil-
douues veins, when there was so little that no
one could see it, and no great bravery on Miss
Dickinsons part in effecting such a union
There would have been sometning heroic in
making Francesca coal black, endowing her
with every grace and attraction, and then mak-
ing Surrey courageous enough to face the pub-
lic sentiment that he would have been compelled
to battle at every turn. This would have been
a bold stroke at American prejudice, which, after
all, is not against the blood but the condition.
The simple fact that half the slaves of the
South show the Anglo-Saxon blood in their
veins proves there is no antagonism in nature,
betwe en the races.
The American piejudice against the negro is
the same as that of the English against the Irish-
man, both to be buried alike in civil and politi-
cal equality. In expressing the wish that Miss
Dickinson had written of her own wrongs, of
the joys and sorrows of her own girlhood, we did
not specially desire that her book had turned
on the point of Womans Rights, or on giving
ihe ballot to the beautiful Francesca, though
had she been the political equal of Surrey she
would have made as great changes in the circle
of fashion as did OConnell after the Catholic
emancipation act in the British Parlaiment.
We cannotagree with Mr. T. that giving Fran-
cesca to Surrey, in view of our laws on mar-
riage and divorce, was a more emphatic testi-
mony to Womans Rights than giving her the
ballot; neither do we see the great elevation of
a marriage contract that deprives one of the par-
ties of every civil right.
A white man may have reason to rejoice in a
white mans government, a white mans mar-
riage, and a white man's freedom to love whom
he pleases. As white men already make the
laws, we see no reason why the Editor of the
Independent should suffer any social oppres-
sions. But for woman, who has no voice in the
matter there is great danger in putting her
neck into a yoke where the weight is all on one
Francesca the maiden was a more dignified
responsible human being in a civil and political
point of view than she was as the wife of Surrey,
his whiteness notwithstanding.
From the cool reception our democratic
friends have given this little book, we fear
they have not appreciated the blessings Mr. Til-
ton suggests it seeks to confer, but as they ore
set forth so happily in the above letter we can-
not do better than give it a place in our col-
umns. p
On one point we must correct Mr. Tilton.
He speaks of our recent sympathies with the
democratic party. We are proud to say that we
have had many points of sympathy with the
Democratic party for a long time. We always
liked the Declaration of Independence,
and what Jefferson, the Martin Luther of
the revolution, said on slavery, and his protests,
both in church and state, against the old Fed-
eral tendency to the continuance of monarchi-
cal institutions on this continent.
We liked GeD. Jacksons summary proceed-
ing with the United States Bank and South
Carolina Nullification. We liked the New York
democracy, when they abolished the pro-
perty qualification and extended the right of
suffrage to all poor white men in this state.
We liked Martin Van Burens able speech in
favor of negro suffrage in the New York
Constitutional Convention in 1821. We liked
the democrats when they abolished the blacK
laws in Ohio. We liked them when they
gave us 9,000 votes in Kansas; and when they
received our petitions in Congress in 66, and
/67. We like the way the New York World has
treated our question for the last three years.
We felt a tender pity for the poor democrats m
Tammany when they rejected Miss Anthonys
wise counsels, Chief-Justice Chase and a sound
platform, for we saw then with anointed vision
that their destruction was swift and sure.
And now, as we contemplate then discomfi-
ture in the election returns from every state,
we are oppressed with the same kind of feeling
that moves us when looking at the picture of
Pharaoh and his hosts in the Red Sea.
__________________ e. c. s.
Foolish Fellows.* The New York Atlas says
the ousted colored members of the Georgia
Legislature have held a convention, with other
negroes, and made a great fuss over their ex-
pulsion. What would the Atlas have them do ?
What would it do if the republicans expelled it,
or even its reporter from the Legislatnre at Al-
bany ? What wonder if the negroes in their
despair do shriek, Is there no bolt red with
uncommon wrath for enemies at once so cruel
and so unjust!
An Eloquent Black Man.The Baptist
Watchman and Reflector says the xno6t eloquent
speech made in the recent Missionary Union
was delivered by a colored preacher from Liberia,
a genuine African, and as unpromising in looks
as can be conceived. He sets the rules of
phrenology, and almost all other sciences that
pretend to judge of character, at defiance. He
is tail, slim, and quite lame, eloquent as Cyprian,
and swayed the meeting as trees are swayed by
the wind.
Parental affection is, perhaps, the blindest
modification of perverse self-love ; for we have
not, like the French, t.wo terms to distinguish
Lamour propre. Lamour de soi meme.
the pursuit of a natural and reasonable desire
from the1 ignorant calculations of weakness.
Parents often love their children in the most
brutal manner, and sacrifice every relative duty
to promote their, advancement in the world.
To promote, such is the perversity of unprin-
cipled prejudices, the future welfare of the very
beings whose present existence they embitter
by the most despotic stretch of power. Power,
in fact( is ever true to its vital principle, for in
every shape it would reign without control or
inquiry. Its throne is built across a dark abyss
which no eye must dare to explore, lest the base .
less fabric should totter under investigation.
Obedience, unconditional obedience, is the catch-
word of tyrants of every description, and to
render assurance doubly sure, one kind of
despotism supports another. Tyrants would
have cause to tremble if reason were to become
the rule of duty in any of the relations of life,
for tbe light might spread till perfect day ap-
peared. And when it did appear, how would
men smile at the sight of bugbears at which
ihey started during the night of ignorance, or
the twilght of timid inquiry.
Parental affection, indeed, in many minds, is
but a pretext to tyrannize where it can be done
with impunity, for only good and wise men are
^content with the respect that will bear discus-
sion. Convinced that they have a right to what
tliey insist on, they do not fear reason, or dread
the sifting of subjects that recur to natural jus-
tice : because they firmly believe, that the more
enlightened the human mind becomes, the
deeper root will just and simple principles take.
They do not rest in expedients, or grant that
what is metaphysically true can be practially
false ; but disdaining the shifts of the moment
they calmly wait till time, sanctioning innova-
tion, silences the hiss of selfishness or envy.
If the power of reilecting on the past, and
darting the keen eye of contemplation into fu-
turity, be the grand privilege of man, it must
be granted that some people enjoy this preroga-
tive in a very limited degree. Everything now
appears to them wrong; and not able to dis-
tinguish the possible from tbe monstrous, they
fear where no fear should find a place, tunning
from the light of reason as if it-were a firebrand
yet the limits of the possible have never been
defined to stop the sturdy innovators band.
Woman, however, a slave in every situation to
prejudice, seldom exerts enlightened maternal
affection ; for she either neglects her children,
or spoils them by improper indulgence. Be-
sides, the affection of some women for their
children is, aslhave before termed it, frequently
very brutish; tor it eradicates very spark of hu-
manity. Justice, truth, everything is sacrificed
by these Rebekabs, and for the s^ke cf their own
children they violate the most sacred duties,
forgetting the common relationship that binds
the whole family on earth together. Yet, rea-
son seems to say, that they who suffer one duty,
or affection to swallow up the rest have not suf-
ficient heart or mind to fulfil that one, conscien
tiously. It then loses the venerable aspect of a

duty, and assumes the fantastic form of a
As the care of children in their infancy is one
of the grand duties annexed to the female char-
acter by nature, this duty would afford many
forcible arguments for strengthening the female
understanding, if it were properly considered.
The formation of the mind must be begun
very early, and the temper, in particular, re-
quires the most judicious attentionan atten-
tion which women cannot pay who only love
their children because they are their children,
and seek no further for the foundation ot their
duty, than in the feelings of the moment. It is
this want of reason in their affections which
makes women so often run into extremes, and
either be the most fond, or the most careless
and unnatural mothers.
To be a good mothera woman must have
sense, and that .independence of mini which
few women possess who are taught to depend
entirely on their husbands. Meek wives are,
in general, foolish mothers; wanting the'r
children to love them best, and take their part,
in secret, against the father, who is held up as
a scarecrow. If they are to be punished, though
they have offended the mother, the father must
inflict the punishment; he must be the judge
in all disputes: hut I shall more fully discuss
this subject when I treat of private education, I
now only mean to insist, that unless the under-
standing of woman be enlarged, and her char-
acter rendered more Arm, by being allowed to
govern her own conduct, she will never have
sufficient sense or command of temper to man-
age her children properly. Her parental affec-
tion, indeed, scarcely deserves the name, when
it does not lead her to suckle her children, be-
cause the discharge of this duty is equally calcu-
lated to inspire maternal and filial affection ; and
it is the indispensible duty of men and women
to iulfil the duties which give birth to affections
that are the surest preservatives against vice.
Natural affection, as it is termed, I believe to be
a very weak tie, affections must grow out of the
habitual exercise of a mutual sympathy ; and
what sympathy does a mother exercise who
sends her babe to a nurse, and only takes it from
a nurse to send it to school ?
In the exercise of their natural feeling, provi-
dence has furnished women with a natural sub-
stitute for love, when the lover becomes only a
friend and mutual confidence takes place of over-
strained admirationa child then gently twists
the relaxing cord, and a mutual care produces
a new mutual sympathy. But a child, though
a pledge of affection, will not enliven it, if both
father and mother are content to transfer the
charge to hirelings ; for they who do their duty
by proxy should not murmur if they miss the
reward of dutyparental affection produces
filial duty.
A Baltimore Brave.The Baltimore Olive
Branch says that one day during the past week
a woman of prepossessing appearance visited
the register of the sixth ward, in that city, and
astonished that official by requesting him to
place her name on the books of registration, so
that she might in the future exercise the right
of franchise. Were the Olive Branch as friendly
to Womans Suffrage as it claimed to be before
the recent change in its proprietorship, it would
have said a better word for the brave woman
than it did. A sneer was once a good deal
sharper, however, than it is now; so let her be of
good cheer and persist in her just demand until
it is granted. It will not be very long.
( Continued from last week.)
u From Eminent Women of the Age.
Fresh from the victories in New Hampshire
and Connecticut, she was announced to speak
iu Cooper Institute, New York. That meeting
in May, 1862, was the mcst splendid ovation to
a womans genius since Fanny Kemble, in all
the wealth of her youth and beauty, appeared
on the American stage for the first time. On
no two occasions of my life have I been so
deeply moved, so exalted, so lost in overflowing
gratitude, that woman had revealed her power
in oratory,that highest # art to touch the
deepest feeling of the human soul,and
verified at last her right to fame and immor-
tality. There never was such excitement
over any meeting in New York Although, the
hall was l ensely crowded long before the hour
announced, yet the people outside were deter-
mined to get in at all hazards,ushers were
beaten down, those without tickets rushed in,
and those with tickets were pushed aside, and
thousands went home unable to get standing-
places even in the lobbies and outer halls.
The platform was graced with the most dis-
tinguished men and women in the country, and
so crowded that the young orator had scarce
room to stand. There were clergymen, gen-
erals, admirals, judges, lawyers, editors, the
literati and leaders of fashion, and all alike
ready to do homage to this simple girl, who
moved them alternately to laughter and tears, to
burstsof applause and the most profound silence.
Mr. Beecher, who was the president of the
meeting, introduced the speaker in his happiest
manner. For more than an hour she held that
large audience with deep interest and enthusi-
asm, and, when she had finished with a beauti-
ful peroration, the people seemed to take a long
breath, as if to find relief from the intensify of
their emotions.
Loud cries followed for Mr. Beecher ; but he
arose, and, with great feeling and solemnity,
said, Let no man open his lips here to-night;
music is the only fitting accompaniment to the
eloquent ^utterances we have heard. So the
Hutchias.ons closed the meeting with one of
their soul-stirring- ballads, and the audience
As none of the materials furnished for this
sketch have interested me more than the com-
ments of the press, Igive the follow ng. Know-
ing that Anna Dickinson will be as great awonder
to another generation as Joan of Arc is to this,
the testimony of our leading journals to her
eloquence and power furnishes an important
pagein future history :
The crowd at Oooper Institute last evening must be
truly called immense, no other word being adequate to
the emergency. The attraction was an address by Miss
Anna E. Dickinson, of Philadelphia, upon the subject of
The Daythe Cause.
She is of medium height, slight in form, graceful iu
movement; her head, w*U-poise and heavy dark hair, displaying to advantage a pleasant
face, which has the signs of nervous force and of vigorous
mental life. In manner, she is unembarrassed, without a
shade of boldness ; her gesticulation is simple, drawing
to itself no remark ; her voice is of wonderfal power*
penetrating rather than loud, as clear as the tone of
metal, and yet with reed-like softness. Her vocabulary
is simple, and in no instance can there be seen a strain-
ing after effective expressions ; yet her skill in using
the ordinary stores of our daily language is so great, that
with a single phrase she presents a picture, and delivers
a poem in a sentence.
Miss Dickinson shows in her oratorical method lb;-
feminize peculiarities which lead her sex to prefer
results to preliminaries, the sharply defined success of
conclusions to the regulary progressing course of pre-
vious argument. Her lecture was consequently very
effective to the ear, and difficult to report with justice to
the speaker. She defined the contest with the South as
the struggle between liberty and slavery in the broadest
sense of the words, extending to the moral, mental, and
social world, and illustrated her position with rapid allus-
ions to the political history of the last ten years. She then
drew a variety of comparisonsbetween the loyality of the
two parties at the North, and in answer to the question
what sort of generals each had given to the country, made
some hit ot great three at many well-known officers, and
paid a tribute of praise to others.
It was in this part of her address tbat tbe brightness
of her wit and the power of condensed expression already
alluded to was seen most clearly. A single stroke of the
pencilplacednotonlyaname but a character distinctly
before ihe audience, who took quickly, and fully enjoyed
every point. Tbe enrolment act, the threats of the
Northwest to compromise for themselves and leave New
England out in the cold and the present splendid revi *
val of patriotic confidence in tbe North, were treated
with surprising power. The applause which burst trom
tbe audience at almost every sentence was more hearty
and enthusiastic than even in the excited political gath-
ering of an election season, and was, morever, applause
born of the deepest and best feeling of loyalty. At the
conclusion of the lecture,' which came to a close with %
truly beautiful peroration, tbe Hutchinson family sang
one of their best pieces, and then, by request, followed
it with tbe John Brown song, in the chorus of which
the audience joined with a t brilling effect. New Tori-
Evening Post.
Her profits from this m eeting were nearly a
thousand dollars. After her remarkable success
in New York,the Philadelphia Union Lea-
gue, one of the greatest political organizations
in the country, invited her to speak in that city.
The invitation was signed by leading republi-
cans. She accepted it; had a most enthusiastic
and appreciative audience, Judge Kelley presid -
ing, and after all expenses were paid, she had
seven hundred dollars. In this address, review-
ing the incidents of the war, she criticised Gen.
McClellan, as usual, with great severity. Many
of his personal friends were present, and some,
filled with indignation, left the house, while a
derisive laugh followed them to the door. The
Philadelphia journals vied with each other in
their eulogiums of her grace, beauty, and elo-
quence. The marked attention she has always
received in her native city is alike most grate-
ful to her and honorable to her fellow-citizens.
July came and the first move was made to en-
list colored troops in Pennsylvania. A meeting
was called in Philadelphia. Judge Kelley,
Frederick Douglass, and Anna Dickinson were
there, and made most eloquent appeals to
the people of that state to grant to the colored
man the honor of bearing arms in defence of his
country. The effoitwas successful. Asplendid
regiment was raised, and their first duty was to
serenade the young orator who had spoken so
eloquently for iheir race all through the war.
The summer months passed in rest and study.
In September, a field-day was announced at
Camp William, Penn. Gen. Pleasanton reviewed
the troops. It was a very brilliant and interest-
ing occasion, as many were about to leave for
the seat of war. As the day closed and the peo-
ple began to disperse, it was noised round that
Miss Dickinson was there ; a cry was heard at
once on all sides,A speech! A speech!
The moon was just rising, mingling its pale
rays with those of the setting sun, throwing a
solt, mysterious light over the whole scene.
The troops gathered round with bristliog bayo-
nets and flags flying, the band was hushed to
silence, and when all was still, mounted on a

gun wagon, with Gen. Pleasanton and his staff
on one side, and Gen. Wagner and his stali' on
the other, this beautiful girl addressed our
boys in blue. She urged that justice and
c quality might be secured to every citizen in
the republic ; that slavery and war might end
forever, and peace be restored; that our country
might indeed be the land of the free, and the
home of the brave.
As she stood there uttering words of warning
and prophecy, it seemed as if her lips had been
touched with a live coal from the altar of heaven*
Her inspired words moved the hearts of our
young soldiers to deeds of daring, and gave
fresh courage to those about to bid their loved
ones go, and die, if need be, for freedom and
their country. The hour, the mysterious light,
the stillness, the novel surroundings, the youth
of the speaker, all gave peculiar power to her
words, and made the scene one of the most
thrilling and beautiful on the page of history.
In the autumn of 1862, she was engaged to go
to Ohio, to speak for a few weeks before election,
and a large sum of money was pledged for her
services. But some Pennsylvania politicans,
appreciating her power, and desiring her help at
home, decided to outbid Ohio and keep he; in
her own state. Accordingly she accepted their
proposals, and threw her whole energy and en-
thusiasm into that campaign. She endured all
manner of discomforts and dangers in travel-
ling through the benighted mining districts of
the state. She met with scorn, ridicule, threats
of violence, and more than once was pelted
with rotten eggs and stones, in the midst of a
speech. But she went through it all with the
calmness and coolness af on experienced war-
rior. One of the committee admitted afterward
that Miss Dickinson was sent through that dis-
trict because no man dared to go. She re-
turned home after weeks of hard labor and in-
tense excitement, weary and exhausted, and
though all agreed that the republican victory in
that state was largely due to her influence, the
committee forgot their promises, and, to this
hour have never paid her one cent for her valu-
able services. Their excuse was, that the fund
had been used up in paying other speakers. As
if a dozen honorable men could not have raised
<:omething in an hour of victory to reward this
brave and faithful girl. During the winters of
1863 and 1864, she received invitations, from the
State Legislatures of Ohio and Pennsylvania, to
speak in their capitals at Columbus and Harris-
burg. In January, 1864, she made her first ad"
dress in 'Washington. Though she now believed
that her success as an orator was established,
jet she hesitated long before accepting this in-
vitation. To speak before the President, Chief-
Justice, Senators, Congressmen, Foreign Diplo-
mats, all the dignitaries and honorables of the
government, was one of tne most trying ordeals
in her experience. She had one of the largest
and most brilliant audiences ever assembled in
the capitol, and was fully equal to the occasion.
She made a profound impression, and was the
topic of conversation for days afterwards. At
the close of the meeting, she was presented to
the President and other dignitaries, and the
next day bad a pleasant interview with the Pre-
sident at the White House.
As this was one of the greatest occasions of
her life, and as she was honored as no man in
the nation had ever been, it may be satisfactory
to all American women to know by whom she
was invited and how she acquitted herself. Ac-
cordingly, I give the invitation and some com-
ments of the press:
Miss Anna E, Dickinson, Philadelphia, Pa.:
11 Miss Dickinson : Heartily appreciating the value of
your services in the campaigns in New Hampshire, Con-
necticut, Pennsylvania, and New York, and the qualities
that have combined to give you the deservedly high
reputation you enjoy; and desiring as well to testify that
appreciation as to secure ourselves the pleasure of hear-
ing you, we unite in cordially inviting you to deliver an
address this winter at the Capital, at some time suited
to your convenience.
Washington, D. C., December 16, 1863.
H. Hamlin,
J. H. Lane,
James Dixon,
Charles Sumner,
H. B. Anthony,
Henry Wilson,
John Sherman,
Ira Harris,
Ben. F.Wade,
and 16 other Senators.
Schuyler Colfax,
A. C. Welder,
Thaddeus Stevens,
Henry C. Deming,
William D. Kelley,
Robert C. Sohenck.
J. A. Garfield,
R. B. Van Valkenbubg,
and 70 other Representatives.
Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, Vice-President of the United
States; Hon. Schuyler Colfax, Speaker of the House of
Representatives; Hons. J. H. Lane, James Dixon,
Charles Sumner, H. B. Anthony, Henry Wilson, John
Sherman, A. C. Wilder, Thaddeus Stevens, Henry C.
Deming, William D. Kelley, Robert C. Schenck, J. A.
Garfield, and others:
Gentlemen: I thank you sincerely for the great
and most unexpected honor which yon have conferred
upon me by your kind invitation to speak in Washing
Accepting it, I would suggest the 16th of January,
as the time; desiring the proceeds to he devoted to the
help of the suffering Ireedmen.
Truly yours, Anna E. Dickinson.
1710 Locust street, Philadelphia, Jan. 7,1864.
The House of Representatives, by a remarkably
large vote, have tendered Miss Dickinson the use of
their hall for the occasion.
Admission to the floor of the House, $1; to the gal-
leries, 50 cents. Tickets for sale at the principal hotels
and bookstores.
The following capital letter is from Putnam's
Monthly for November. It will be followed by
another in December, which our readers will,
no doubt, be impatient to see :
-----,--------, 1868.
My Dear Daughter ; You ask me what I
think of the modesty and sense of a woman
who can insist, in these days, that she is not
sufficiently cared for in public and in private,
and who wishes to add the duties of a politician
to those of a mother and housekeeper.
This is a large question to ask, and a still
larger one to answer by letter ; but since you
have a clear and thoughtful head of your own,
and we are widely separated just now and un-
able to converse together as in times past, I will
see what can be said by pen and paper for just
the woman you have described.
And let me begin by asking you the meaning
of the word politician. Having consulted your
dictionary, yon reply, One who is versed in
the science of government and the art of gov-
erning. Very well. Now, who is thus versed
in (be science and art of governing, so far as the
family is concerned, more than the mother of
it? In this country, certainly, the maimers, the
habits, the laws of a household, are determined
in great part by the mother ; so much so, that
when we see lying and disobedient children, or
coarse, untidy, and ill-mannered ones, we in-
stinctively make our comments on the mother
of that brood, and declare her more or less in-
competent to her place.
Now let me suppose her to be one of the com-
petent ones who, like your Aunt E., has helped
six stout boys and four of their quick-witted
sisters all the way from babyhood up to man-
hood and womanhood, with a wisdom and gen-
tleness and patience that have been the wonder
of all beholdersand let us think of her as sit-
ting down now in her half-forsaken nest, calm,
thoughtful, aud matured, but fresh in her feel-
ing as ever she was, and stretching ,out by her
sympathies in many directions after the young-
lings who have gone each to a special toil, and
what wonder if she finds it hard to realize that
she is unfitted either by nature or education for
the work of law making, on a broader and larger
scale than she has ever yet tried.
Her youngest boy, the privileged, saucy one
of the crowd, has just attained his majority, we
will say, and declaims in her hearing on the in-
competence of women to votethe superiority
of the masculine element inpolitics, and the
danger to society if women are not carefully
guarded from contact with its rougher elements
and I seem to see her quiet smile and slightly
curling lip, while in memory she run9 back to
the years when said stripling gathered all he
knew of laws, country, home, heaven, and
earth, at her knee and as for soiling con-
tacts, oh! my son, who taught you to avoid
these, and first put it into your curly little head,
that evil communications corrupt good man-
ners, and that a man cannot touch pitch, except
he be defiled.
I have taken the bull by the horns, you per-
ceive, in thus taking our mother from her quiet
country home and setting her by imagination
among the legislators of the land ; but it is just
as well, because the practical end of suffrage is^
not eligibility to office merely, but a larger use of
this privilege than most women have ever yet
dreamed of, much less desired.
I hope, by the way, that you have not forgot-
ten the unanswerable argument of Mr. Attor-
ney-General Bates on What constitutes the
citizen, which we read together some years
since. If it is not fresh in your mind, please
read it again, because no woman ought to be
ignorant or unmindful of her relations to her
government, nor of her rights and duties under
it, in times like these, especially, when our
country is forming itself anew, as it were, and
needs all the wisdom and strength she can
gather from every quarter.
And now she is there, we will say, in the le-
gislature of our statea high-minded, well-
bred woman ; one who, amid all her cares, has
never failed to read the newspapers more or
less, and to keep alive her interest in the pros-
perity of her country, whatever the claims of
her numerous family. She is one, too, who has
not had the assistance of wealth in doing all
this; she is, as you know, straight from the ru-
ral districts, a genuine farmers wife. But she
has more leisure now than she once had, and
with it there comes a longing for change, for
more cultivated society, for recreations aud di-
versions such as her busy hours have seldom af-
forded her ; and just now, by the unanimous
vote of her townspeople, she is sent to our
glorious old Hub, to spend the winter in con-
sidering what the Commonwealth of Massachu-
setts shall do this year, by legislation, for the
public good.
She enjoys right well the prospect of ten or
twelve weeks spent at the metropolis, where she
may refresh herself, in the intervals of business,
by the music of the Great Organ, and where she
may command libraries aud means of culture
hitherto quite beyond her reach, and in whose
busy life she may study human character aud
human activities under new aspects, which ar


of great interest to lier matured and thoughtful
Having s?cured a home not far from the old
State House, she seeks the Assembly Boom and
.meets there gentlemen from all parts of the
statefarmers, merchants and mechanics, phy-
sicians, teachers and ministers, lawyers and
bankers, and they go into debate on such ques-
tions as these : Shall our deaf mutes be. edu-
cated at home, or in the Institution at Hart-
ford, as heretofore? WAat of the economies of
our past practice, and are there better methods
of training than those instituted there? State
Prisonshall the discipline be penal merely, or
reformatory? the institution self-supporting by
a system of rigid tasks, or partially supported
by the state ? what punishment Shall be allowed,
what religious and moral instruction furnished,
and what sanitary regulations enforced? The
prohibitory lawhas it proved itself adapted to
the suppression of intemperance ? are its pro-
visions enforced, and why not? Is a special li-
cense law better adapted to the desired end, or
is fciere anything which human ingenuity can
devise that shall arrest the spread of intemper- :
ance over the land? The school for juvenile
offendersis that managed judicidusiy? Here
obviously the great aim should be reformation.
Is a system of rewards or punishments, or both
together, best adapted to that eud? Should
boys and girls be associated in the same build-
ings and classes, and for what length of time
should they be retained for improvement before
sending them out again into society? Endow-
ments for colleges and other educational insti-
tutions supported in whole or in part by tho
state : shall these be confined to institu! ions de-
signed exclusively for men, or shall they be ap-
plied equally to the education of both sexes ?
Taxationhow apportioned? What interests
can best bear heavy taxation, and is any further
legislation.needed to secure the right of repre-
sentation to all who are taxed? Prostitution
shall it be licensed as in the old countries, of
left to itself, or subjected to severe penalties?
Divorcesby whom granted, and for what cause,
and upon what conditions? Common schools
and high schools, and the whole system of state
education ; insane asylums, poor-houses, jail and
many other institutions of modem civilization:
in all these objects, you will perceive our mother
has a deep and intelligent interest, and it is not
difficult to, imagine the warm, even enthu-
siastic energy with which she will give herself
to the discussion of the questions involved
some of them the highest that can come before
a human tribunal.
If you say, There are other state interests
with which she is less familiar, I reply, No one
legislator understands the detail of all the busi-
ness that comes before the House, or is expected
to ; committees are appointed for specialities,
as you know, and composed, or they ought to
be, of those whose education and trainiughave
fitted them for that special investigation.
Our mother will have her hands full if she
should serve on the Committee of Charitable
Institutions alone ; and none can do better ser-
vice there than such a wise, prudent, affection-
ate care-taker as she has ever been. And I
could name to you one lady who might be called
to sit on the Judiciary Committee, and help to
frame aud modify the laws without discredit to
herself or to the Committee. She is Miss W. of
----", of whom you have heard your father speak
as & Well-read lawyer, and the very able office
partoef of her father, Judge W; and there is
mattj, £ Ionian now-a-days whose counsel in the
matter of framing laws ought not to be despised.
She need not necessarily perfect herself in the
technicalities of a legal education, though some
would like well to do that, no doubt; profes-
sional gentlemen are generally called upon now
by committees at their need ; but she can bring
a clear, practical, and experienced head and
sound heart to the help of many a vexed ques-
tion. And as to railroad bills and management
would that she might have a voice there ; you
may be sure that all charters would contain pro-
visions for the comfort and safety of passengers,
and the holding of all officials to a strict respon-
sibility for neglect of duty.
And so in all matters pertaining to merchan-
dise and business, which fairly come under state
jurisdiction ; it is late in the day to assert that
women know nothing of these things, and could
not learn if they should try. There are too
many honest and successful women traders,
artists, and litterateurs in every city of the land,
and too many men dependent in whole or in
part upon their earnings, to give a show ol color
to such assertionsto say nothing of a whole
city full of Parisian women, who have for years
demonstrated that the delicious feminine graces,
which the world of men are so fearful of losing,
are in no danger of being driven out by the
practice of honest industries.
On the whole, then, my dear, you begin to
perceive that my mind receives no shock when
I am charged with the crime of desiring to
meddle with politics, and to educate my daugh-
ters as well as my sons to take an intelligent,
and, if need be, an active part in the govern-
ment of their country ; though I begin 10 fear,
since the receipt of your letter, that my efforts
in your behalf have not been clowned with the
success I had much reason to hope. However,
there is a gallant young husband in the case
now, and I am very much mistaken if this is
not the chief cause of your present difficulty ;
so I wish to say further, that I owe my young son-
in-law no grudge whatever for this counter in-
fluence, nor do I abate one jot my confidence
in him as a mm of intelligence, integrity and
true nobility. The truth is, that oue chief
reason why your husband, and so many like
him, oppose the extension of suffrage is, that
their sense of true gallantry, their desire to
shield and protect, is violated by thstr concep-
tion of the probable result of a womans going
to the polls. This is certainly a misconception.
Every woman knows in her own heart that she
does not hold her purity and delicacy subject to
injury by such cause. We know that we have
never entered auy precinct, however vile and
debased, without carrying something of that
God-given power of womanhoodof mother-
hoodwith us, which is a greater protection
against insult and contamination than all the
shhld3 that man can devise. But we ought not
to blame men too severely for their reluctance
to relinquish this office of protector and guar-
dian, which custom has so long laid upon them
as high duty, and privilege.
In the days when physical forces ruled the
world, men might naturally offer, and women
receive with thankfulness, the protection of a
strong arm, and become greatly dep indent upon
it, without serious harm to either sex ; but in
the day of moral forces it is quite otherwise.
This day has come upon us, however, so silently,
so gradually, that we ourselves have scarcely re-
cognized that we are now near it3 noontide :
how then oan out* fathers, brothers, and husbands
be expected to feel its quickening glow aad in-
spiration? It may seem to them' a consuming
heat, though to me it is delicious warmth, pure
air, Gods own blue sky, and his benignant
smile over all.
But I must stop here aud wait your reply,
since ou your acceptance of my views thus far
stated will depend the courage and enthusiasm
with which I shall proceed to develop further
my thought on the whole matter of the relation
of the sexes to each other and to government.
I confess that I have a philosophy of the past and
a hope for the future that gives me much peace
of mind and satisfaction amid .the. perplexing
and sometimes rampant discussions which fill
the land, and it would give me great pleasure
to try my theories first upon you, before com-
mitting myself to their defence before other
tribunals. Moreover, I am persuaded, contrary
to the judgment of many earnest advocates of
equal suffrage, that women are quite as m.ich
responsible for the present condition of affairs
as men, and that they, as a body, will be the
last to be convinced of their duty in the matter
of good citizenship ; so I am seriously anxious
to make converts to my faith from the young
mothers, rather than from any other class. I
know,, of course, that the power of regulating
suffrage now lies wholly with men ; that not a
single vote can be given, save by them ; but I
know as well that the minds of all honest,
earnest thinkers among them are turned to this
subject, and that they are inclined to give it an
impartial hearing ; and I am convinced that the
indifference, not to say opposition, of their
wives, mothers, and sisters, stands in the way
of their comiog to a right solution of the prob-
lem before them, beyond anything or all things
I b?g you, therefore, to give my argument so
far a candid consideration, and let me hear
from you in reply.
I am always your affectionate
The New Hampshire Univevsalist Conven-
tion at its last annual meeting adopted unani-
mously a resolution declaring and approving
the equal rights of women with men in the
State and the church. Dr. Mercy B. Jackson
of Boston, with a note of thanks to the Con-
vention for its noble stand on the subject, writes
(under the above heading) the following to the
Ladies Repository, an excellent literary maga-
zine in Boston, supported mainly by the TJni-
versalist denomination :
The great question of the day is the status of womau.
It reaches to tho very foundations of society, and over-
shadows in importance all the other issues of the day.
Men may lauph at it, may rofuse to consider it in their
sooieti s, either political, medical, religious, or indus
trial, but like the ghost ia Hamlet, it will come up un-
til women are allowed equal rights with men.
It would acorn that a nation professedly founded upon
equal rights, and governed by tho voico of all the peo-
ple, would not in the face of such declarations deprive
one-half of its inhabitants of their rights, and leave
them no voice at all ia the concerns of tho nation, and
yet demand of them tho same contributions to the sup-,
port of the government, the same submission to its laws
the same punishment for breaking them, that It require
of them ho make the laws !
Taxation without representation hr night on the Kevo-
lution ol our fathors, and resulted iu separating the col-
onies from the mother country, and yet as soon as a new
government was formed the same wrong^as ingrafted
into it, and all the women in the nation made subject
to its oppression.
Alas, for human wisdom and human, justice! Does
not the givat Father say, All souls are mine," ad will
he not require justioe to each other from them all ?
0oo3 sex destroy responsibility ? Does it cancel Mi-
ftatiop l Poos it screen from liability io imuitfbftiont
for brekss !*wt If whs* right dsw it

8bt §tV0!ttti0.
awiy all voice in making laws ? Why should not wo-
man help to make the laws by which her life may be
.ieopardied, by which her property may be taken from
her, by which her pursuit of happiness may be ob-
structed ?
It may answer tor the presidents of colleges to shut
their doors in the faoe of women, who have helped to
endow them, for the religious societies to close their pul-
pits to her, for medical colleges and societies to ostra-
cize her, for industrial colleges not to admit her, but
there comes a time iu all oppressions when the voice
of the oppressed reaches heaven and the fiat of the Al-
mighty goes forth and burls the oppressor trom bis
The time has come in fbi6 country when women can
no longer tamely submit to such injustice, when they
must speak and act in this matter or be guilty of help-
ing to fasten the chains upon the whole sex.
Have not the women of America the same interest in
her national welfare as the men ? Have they not shown
as much devotnu to the national cause during the
bloody war just euded ? Have they not borne their
share of the burden of taxation, have they not nursed in
the hospitals, have they not been martyrs to the cause,
have they not borne the privations of absent husbands
and sons, yea, even the loss of them, with a heroism
that demands an equality with men, in the protection,
honors and rewards ot the country ? And shall they
still be kept from the polls, the colleges, the institutes oi
the land ?
I would ask the men oi America, living under the
freest government in the world, one which leaves
nothing to be desired by the male citizens, if it does not
bring the blush of shame to their faces when they con-
sider that their wives and their sisters are deprived of
their equally inherent right to help make the laws that
govern them, to say what shall be done with the money
taxation takes from them, to be educated in the colleges
endowed by them, to be judged by a jury of their peers,
and to stand in all respects their equals behind and be-
fore the law ?
I would beseech those having the power, to use it to
promote justice, and thereby take the yoke from the
necks of their sisters, and leave them as> free as them-
selves in the pursuit of happiness.
I would call upon all women to arouse from the lethar-
gy induced by a want of participation in the responsi-
bility cf making laws, and persistently to demand their
equality with man in all that pertains to the rights and
immunities of human beings, till their cause is gained
and they are placed in' a position to maintain it, by hav-
ing the ballot in tlieir hands, the only weapon that can
secure their rights from all aggression. Let them re-
member, Who would be free, himself must strike the
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, 1
October 16th, 1868. \
Dear Revolution : The most marvellous
fact of our time is to see a newspaper take
root in all countries, quoted iu all languages,
known everywhere ten months after it was
started, without a dollar of advertising.
1 am no advocate of Bloomerism, strong-minded wo-
men 1 detest, Mr. George Francis Trains pet newspaper
* The Revol#tion, I do not admire (that is my in-
sular Ignorance, perhaps), but I am bold enough to
hazard the opinion that a woman ought to be permitted
to live. We have all of us had mothers, some of us have
sisters. In their name we ought to encourage every
effort to extend the employment of women.' Here it is
not so bad as it is in Ireland. The cashiers in coffee-
houses, the clerks in railway-offices, the check-takers in
theatres, are y> clnemglt is considered a humiliation for
a great bearded fellow to stand behind a counter meas-
uring tape. His place is the road or the field, the mine
or the ocean. So tar I am with women : but when some
of them, like Madame Andre Leo at the Salle Vauxball
the other night, plead their right to vote. I ask leave
to take my oar out of the galley. A witty rebuke was
given to the lady on the spot by a young workman,
which sent her back to the natural regions of muslin,
and will dose my present meanderings therein. Mad-
am, he said, surely you would not ask the citizens
right to vote without volunteering for the citizens duty
to fight. We may have a war with Prussia. You send
us 600,000 amazons to stand by the side of their 1,200 000
brothers. What then? Shall we repeat the victories of
Fleurus and Jemappes ? Why, the enemy would be
rushing into j our arms to embrace you. Impossible.
madam, you cannot wear the---Dont mention it.
Paris Correspondent of Irishman.
Please do not call it my paper. The women
of TheRevolution own it, edit it, print it,
and run it. X am only its Bastile Correspondent.
Bat this French writer seems to ignore the fact of
Lopezs army of women.
fcouth America has set us a noble example.
How much grander this open air, manual labor,
than the needle and the novel:
Long before Lopez was so reduced as this, he placed
all the local work in the hands of women. Not only did
they tend cattle, cultivate mandioca and make yerba, but
be gave them the civil offices of the neighbornoods.
They served as local justices, alcaldes, recruiting offi-
cers, messengers, hospital servants, ammunition mak-
ers, etc., etc. Now, it has been repeatedly published io
the Standard here tnat regiments of women are under
arum, and are prepared to dispute the passage of the
river Tebicuaxi. At that point, three thousand women
are said to be ready lor bloody battle. Private letters,
also affirm that women soldiers are formed in regiments,
officered and armed. It is a matter of doubt, whether in
contest with the female regiments the allies would be
most honored by a defeat or a victory. I shall look up
and prepare with great attention any authentic inform-
ation about engagements with these women.TV. Y.
The women of Sturgis are far ahead of the
women of Massachusetts. The women of Mount
Vernon are also as wide awake as the women of
Kansas. As soon as they begin to move in
bodies, the idea will sweep along our political
horizon like a whirlwind. Women always
dance together, visit together. Let them vote
together and work into a new and better life lor
one half the human race. Kansas must keep
in the front rank of Reform. Push on also the
Petitions in the District of Columbia. We are
a band of sisters. Where are the Hutchinsons ?
Clear the track, ihe Train is coming!!
Countess de Paula : My candidate is Governor Sey-
mour. I see The Revolution endorsed our views
upon the matter, for our Clubs chit chat on Seymour is
reproduced in that clever paper. Vote for Seymour,
ladies, you cannot have Train! Poor Train! I pity bis
Marshalsea fancy. Come out, my dear fellow, and per-
secute the flies who teased the lion ? Come out, and lor
nuld-laug-syne let us have a peep at you in Paxis or in
London ? The Ladies Club received your photograph;
it is now in the album of celebrities. I put you next to
Latude, only you look less eaten up by rats tban lie did.
Let the voice of your little daughter Sue sing to you, in
a dream, Charles Mackays beautiful lines :
How many joys I owe thee,
Come sit where seas run high,
And count'the heaving billows
That break on the shore and die ;
Or the grains of sand they fondle
When the storms are over blown.
Thanks, dear Countess, for remembering my
darling Sue Belle. I feel sad to night in my
low-roofed cell. The candles bum dimly. The
wind blows, tbc shutters rattle, and it is cold and
damp. It is very lonely here- So many, many
months away from my cottage, down there by
the sea. My boys going back to the milita
college at Yonkers. My darling Sue Belle away
again to the Priory. My fair wife back to Madi
son avenueand all my summer holidays in a
British Bastile.
The Revolution must educate the rising
generation to be men and women, as well as to be
ladies and gentlemen. These little rules observed
in childhood, will tell in after life.
1. Always say Yes, sir. No, sir. Yes, papa. No,
papa. Thank you. No, thank yon. Good night. Good
morning. Never say How, or Which, for What. Use no
slang terms. Remember that good spelling, reading, *
writing, and grammar, are the base of all true education.
2. Clean faces, clean clothes, clean shoes and clean
finger nails indicate good breeding. Never leave your
clothes about the room. Have a place for everything,
and everything in its place.
3. Bap before entering a room, and never leave it
with your back to the company. Never enter a private
room or public place with your cap on.
4. Always offer your seat to a lady or old gentleman.
Let your companions enter the carriage or room first.
5. At table eat with your fork; sit up straight; never
use your toothpick (althoogh Europeans do), and when
leaving ask to be excused.
6. Never put your feet on cushions, chairs or table.
7. Never overlook any one when reading or writing,
nor talk or read aloud while others are reading. When
conversing listen attentively, and do not interrupt or
reply till the other i& finished.
8. Never talk or whisper aloud at the opera, theatre or
public places, and especially iu a private room where any
one is singing or playing the piano.
9. Loud coughing, hawking, yawning, sneezing, blow-
ing, is ill-mannered. In every case cover your mouth
with your handkerchief \whic'i never examinenothing is
more vulgar, except spilling on the floor).
10. Treat all with respect, especially the poor. Be
Careful to injure no ones feelings by unkind remarks.
Never tell tales, make faces, call names, ridicule the
lame, or the colored, mimic the unfortunate, or be cruel
to insects, birds or animals.
What a pity our clergymen will dwell so much
in the skies, and in Jerusalem Why don fc they
talk lo and not at us? Who cares on which
side of the street Mount Calvary is situated.
Religious dogmas, cardinal doctrines, biblical
references, are all lost on a child. Too much
theology destroys all religion. This was tbe
sermon I preached to my boys.
Also my child, commit this short sermon to memory,
and teach it to your little friends at school, and you shall
receive ten dollars every Christmas :
Dont drink. Dont smoke. Dont chew. Dont
swear. Dont gamble. Dont lie. Dont steal.
Dont deceive. Dont tattle. Be polite. Be gener-
ous. Behind. Be neat. Study hard. Play hard.
Be in earnest. Be self-reliant, Be just and fear
not. Read good books. Love your fellow-man as
well as God. Love your country and obey the laws.
Love truth. Love virtue and be happy.
While America picks me up on the paramour
torpedo, France is after me for proclaiming my-
self without sin. If I would only do some-
thing wicked and repent I would be a Christian.
Now I am a sceptic.
What on earth could replace George Francis Train in
the eyes of his female admirers, if he, through the per.
secutions of bis relentless creditor, should be weak-
minded enough to hurry himself up or tumble himself
down out of this world? We are not sufficiently ac-
quainted with his merits or demerits to form any idea as
to which journey he would take. We have asked severa 1
ladies as to what punishment should be condemned the
incarcerator of Train. G. F. T. will be glad to hear that
some of his Parisian-American friends haV£ decided that
his creditor* to whom he/ according to hiBCwn account

owes no money, should suffer the most lingering death.
As we said last week, the ladies' champion is accused of
being blasphemous, in comparing himself with the Saviour.
It may he right smart to do so, hut anything calcu-
lated to shock the feelings of others, is, to say the least,
bad taste. We are sure that the letter to which we al-
lude has done him injury here, and we regret it. The
most righteous cause, may suffer from an ill-advised
step, and George Francis Train has made and is making
so much' noise in the world, that there are but too
anany anxious to pick a hole in his coat. Some peo-
ple say that G. F. T. must he touched in the head., as
otherwise he would not declare himself publicly to he
Without sin. The ladies, however, defend him most va-
liantly, Hes a duck, hes a deer, etc.Paris Corres-
pondent London Cosmopolitan.
Created in his image. I try to follow His noble
example. He ioved Mary. I love Willie. He
didnt smoke. Neither do I. He did drink
wine. I do not. He disputed with the elders.
So do I. He was a leader of the people. So
am I. I practice what I preach. So did He.
I nbver did a wrong act. Neither did He. No
Magdalen ever called on me. He knew several.
He cured the sick. So do I. Wait till my
Turkish bath is built.' His fathers name was
Joseph. Mine was Oliver. His mothers name
was Mary. Mine was Maria. He wa3 buried
in a Syrian sepulchre. I am buried in an Eng-
lish hastile. He got out. So shall I. He was
crucified between two thieves. They have tried
that on me, but did not succeed. I admire the
character of our Saviour, and have a right to
imitate His virtues, His independence, and His
(individuality. The letter which occasioned
these remarks was copied from The Revolu-
tion. We want more instruction, more self
culture, more individual thought.
After all, it is the fault of the workingmen themselves
that their positions have not been bettered before. As
long as men are mere machines, doing the muscle work,
but allowing others to think for them, and to run them
as engineers runs locomotives, they will find themselves
degraded. Mere workers are sure to be slaves ; but
thinkers and workers are sure to be free. Let the men
of labor, then, cultivate the brain as well as tbe muscle,
and push on their cause prudently, soberly, but un-
flinchingly ; and the time will come when labor will be
a pleasant and profitable employment.Irish Republic,
workingmens READING ROOM.
Let them have more light after their eight
hours labor. Teach them that greenbacks will
give them higher wages, and that they should
vote for American industry. P. P.s magnifi-
cent article on Stewart dives down into the bot-
tom of the bondholders oligarchy. We must
equalize capital with labor.
The' great republic and the great monarchy
sire hand in hand in the great reform. There is
a, Divinity which shapes the fortunes of The
A Female University at St. Petersburg! In founding
fluch an institution, tbe most backward of European
nations, next to Turkey, has given a lesson to the most
enlightened. We English, who have had an Oxford and
Cambridge for centuries, are still debating whether
the advantages that our great universities confer might
also be extended to women, by means of some national
institution formed on a similar basis. The most en-
lightened of the sex are stronglyin fivor of the plan;
and, even among critics who doubt whether it is wise to
assimilate the education of men and women, there is a
strong disposition to give the system a fair trial. But
whence could the money for endowments be got ? It is
useless knocking at the door ef the Chancellor of the
Exchequer, for he is never at boine to those who come
on such errands. True bJut it those who orave a fe-
male university will take a hint, we recofnfaaend them to
wait patiently untfUfojcmt, inevitably Commission of
the future onthe Qhavities of tbe country shall have been
issued and shall have made its report, Mr. Gladstone/
an his celebrated epeceb on the subject revealed, has fete
gUvolutiCtt. 270
eye on those institutions. Some day, the funds oi such
charities as are worse than useless, since they tend to pau-
perize whole districts, will present rich pickings. Then
let the advocates of a female university rush to the House
of Commons and claim a share of the spoil. For edu-
cated women that good time is coming in England which
has already come in Russia. London Telegraph.
You should send this brillnnt woman The
Revolution. She is everywhere indefatigable
and irrepressible. She is the English Anna
Dickinson. Here is an article from Blanchard
Jerrofds paper, Loyds. Verily, England is talk-
ing about The Revolution.
Miss Lydia Becker seems strange to us who have not
as yet become accustomed to the serious agitation of the
Womans Rights question; but she would be welcomed in
tbe United States a3 a worthy companion of the ladies
who are now what is called stumping the states on this
issue, who have founded a journal upon it named The
Revolution, and have, moreover, made it a success ;
and who, with Mr. George Francis Train at their head
when the troublesome bankruptcy affair is settledwill
carry -the war into every village, state or Presidential
election. These ladies are Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Miss Susan B. Anthony, Anna Dickinson, eto., whose
names are held in no light esteem across the Atlantic.--
Liverpool Journal. .
Boys have a futuresome busiuesssome oc-
cupationsome hope. Ambition is appealed to.
West Pointa collegea store or a profession.
But girls have nothing butto sit upon the
Style, Mary and wait for a husband. How
voting will chaiige all this! New thoughts, new
aspirations, and freedom from the customs of a
million of years.
A Wcbj> on Being Settled. The great error of
the age in rearing children is the holding marriage be-
fore them as the great aim and end of their existence.
A distinguished man has said, If I were talking to my
own daughter, I would entreat her never to allow her
self to dwell upon marriage as an object of life. Dignily .
and delicacy sink, I cannot say how rapidly, when once
that idea takes possession of the mind ; and so, for hap-
piness, there is no more miserable being in existence
than a woman, past the excitement of youth, aiming to
be married for the sake of being married.London
Why not make Gods terple as attractive as
the gin palace or the harlots saloon? Why
must we draw down the face over a prayer-
book? Why look so thundering sober at our
vespers?' The churches of England are ali rat-
holes, while the beer-shops are all gaily deco-
rated. Virtue is always dressed m datk
colors. Vice is always lighted with gas.
London Gin Palace.In tbe evening, the so-called
gin palaces, radiant with floods of light, and lavishly
corated, are like fairy palaces to thousands in their en-
ticing splendor. Moa an 1 women, from whose hollow
cheeks tbe most biting hunger grins out at you j and
mothers, pictures of wretchedness, with half-naked
babies in their arms, crowd to the doors of the spirit
shops with the vicious and the criminal, and there they
seek to forget the hunger and want, the auxiety and
misery of the day, in the acoursed, stupefying dram. It
makes one shudder to see the quantities of spirits that
are consumed in these palaces ; how even women toss
off great glasses of that devils brew, which not only de-
grades man below the brute, but can even transform him
into the most savage of wild beasts. The criminal an-
nals of Northern Germauy, as well as those of England,
tell how many of the worst crimes are begotten of the
spirit dram. Gin is still, alas! the consolation of the
London laborer, and more than 8,000 liquor shops testily
to ihe demand there is for it.
The Father MitthiW Societies are the grand-
est sight in our line processions. Tas Revo-
lution mast remember my noble-hearted
temperance baud among the Irish hoys.
VenitV is m bfiglrfesi, m ism mtiitolt fit
Gods starshad she been less so they would
have made her masculine. The sun shines by
day, the moon by night? But who made them
masculine and feminine. The sun was as much
a woman created as the moon. Why is it that
men compliment a woman of great powers of
mind as being masculine unless by using that
word they flatter their own vanity? Why should
not the strong intellectual qualities be called
feminine instead of masculine? Take notice
that all language is tortured to place woman on
alower plane and make of her an inferior being.
The more we dive into this subject the more we
are astonished that she has been lor ages the
slave of man. Custom and habit have riveted the
chain which The Revolution is breaking
with every number. We must fight the devil
with fire. Mans habitation may be paved with
good intentions, but he has so brutalized his
life we must attack. Woman must be plaintiff.
My paramour suggestion seems to have
dropped into a nest of yellow wasps in the
Times office. Never stop to defend. Follow
up the attack. Make the Times respect your
womanhood. Never again use the word man-
hood. Manhood means mm, whiskey, tobacco
and Mercer street. Womanhood means refine-
ment, modesty, kind and gentle manners and
virtue. Give them the vote and the reformation
is a fact. Men have their Mercer streets all over
the world. Why should not woman ? What su-
perior right has man to be immoral ? Where did
he purchase or inherit the monopoly of vice ?
Why dont the women learn to smoke, and walk
up Broadway with cigars in their mouths so
that the c dont they learn to curse, and damn, and be
manly ? Perhaps that would make them too
strong-minded. God forbid that I should ad-
vise woman to adopt mans vices. But I wish
to show how much nobler woman is than man,
and how by voting she could elevate man to
her level.
Train, moutally, has some remarkable traits. His
memory is astonishing ; and therein consists, greatly,
his faculty to entertain. A man witifa good memory,
and with the gift of languagewhich Train also pos-
sessescan speak or talk ad libitum. Any man might
envy Trains power of memory.
To sum up, Train is a splendid shipsuperb in bull
but over-trimmed with oinvss and having neither bal-
last nor rudder.Omaha Herald.
I should have been shipwrecked on every
coast if this w.>s so. Yet I always make my
port an 1 save mv canvas. How singular! My
mends have dropped the words gas, char-
latan, mountebank.' lunatic, fool.
What is the matter? The Mail writes a leader lull
of points, yet this b.dUnt question comes in.
Having been at the head of three great shipping
houses in Liverpool, Boston, and Melbourne
having handled some 509,000 tons of shipping
in my day, I ought to know something about
canvas, and it may bs well to state that mors
ships sink on account of having too much bal-
last than otherwise. Your crank ship miy lose
a sail or a mast, but sh9 seldom goes down.
Too much ballast sometimes d^rfs a man,
trammels his genius (who might otherwise
have made a name ifi the world, launched
ships, built cities, Hatted railways, made
l:o*dk3, represented manhood) and converts
him uu'J-rwell T was about to say an edi*
torial friettd(?) d mins is Omaha,

file llnuiliitioii.
PARKER PILLSBURY, } ifi. tors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
The Working Womans movement in this city
is already assuming an importance unlooked for
by the few who met together scarce one month
since in the office of The Revolution, to
discuss the necessity of doing something for the
protection of womans labor. We well remem-
ber the shrinking manners and uncertain speech
of those who did come ; fearing lest in asking
for more they should lose all. Those who had
suffered the most from low wages were the most
timid in taking any steps for their own advan-
tage that might call down on them the displea-
sure of their employers, and all alike failed to
see that the right of suffrage laid at the founda-
tion of all social and civil equality. As the
meetings were held week after week, many were
threatened with instant dismissal by their em-
ployers, if they made any reports of their work
and wages, and many laboring men forbid their
wives, sisters and daughters going to the
office of The Revolution. Such a dread
have the white males in general of the
coming rebellion among the women of the
land, that all affiliation with the strong-
minded is forbidden as dangerous both to
the family and the nation. But in spite of all
opposition tbe meetings have gradually in-
creased in numbers until our apartments are
too small for their accommodation.
A Working Womans Association was organ-
ized by Susan B. Anthony, which now numbers
over two hundred members. They are to meet
once a month to devise ways and means to
open to themselves new and more profitable
employments, that thus by decreasing the num-
bers in the few avocations now open to women,
they can decrease the supply and raise the
wages of those who remain. They propose,
also, to demand an increase of wages in all
those trades where they now work beside men
for half pay. This can only be done by com-
bination, for one person alone demanding higher
wages can effect no thing, but 5,000 women in any
one employment, striking for higher wages,
would speedily bring their employers to terms.
Out of the present Association will be formed
co try, with fuuds that will enable them to main-
tain themselves during the period of a strike.
The mens typographical union have pledged
the women to stand by them in their proposed
demand for higher wages. As the gods help
those who help themselves, we urge on all
workingwomen to rouse up from the lethargy
of despair and make one combined, determined
effort to secure for themselves an equal chance
with men in the whole world of work. We urge
women of wealth all over the country to devote
themselves for a time to helping their own sex.
Let the churches, the colleges, the schools where
men preach and pray and vote and teach and
pocket all the salaries, help themselves while
Christian women study what Ruskin calls the
three fine arts, how to feed, clothe and house

the poor; and let them give every thought and
effort to the protection, education and elevation
of the young girls of our laboring classes. It
is a shame that to many women leave large be-
quests to churches, where women are not per-
mitted to speak or vote, and to colleges where
girls are forbidden to enter. Let every man of
wealth educate his daughter for some profitable
and honorable post of life, that if left to depend
on herself she need not fall into the ranks of
the seamstress or the household drudge and
thus crowd womans present employments.
Let women of wealth and brains step out of
the circles of fashion and folly, and fit them-
selves for the trades, arts, and professions,
and become employers, instead of subordi-
nates ; thus .making labor honorable for all, and
elevating their sex, by opening new avenues
for aspiration and ambition. One of Miss An-
thonys most cherished plans is to have a mag-
nificent printing establishment, and a daily pa-
per, owned and controlled and all the work done
by women, thus giving employment to hun-
dreds and making the wprld ring with the new
evangel for woman.
The barbarisms perpetrated in our slop shops
and in every department of labor where young
girls are struggling for a virtuous living, by
means of these associations and a daily organ,
could then be brought to light and be heralded
from pole to pole until the world siiould see the
need of more humane and Christian legislation
for womankind. But while association will do
much toward ameliorating some of the evils of
our present social condition, no radical changes
can he effected for womans elevation until she
holds the ballot, the citizens only shield of pro-
tection, in her own right hand.
e. c. s.
The American, Western and New England
News Companies have just published and put
into the market a handsome octavo volume of a
hundred and thirty pages, entitled Correspon-
dence of Gerrifc Smith with Albert Barnes. It
is the latest, as well as by far the ablest, discus-
sion on someof the toughest and kaotitest theo-
logical problems of the times which has come
to a dark and doubting world in a long while.
This might he expected from the character of
the disputants. Both are ripe in years and ex-
perience, having reaped diligently and persist-
ently, under most favorable conditions, in the
harvest fields of life till past three score, and
ten, and both having given lull proof through
their long lives of an honest, earnest purpose to
serve mankind with all the rich gifts and graces
with which they are endowed. Both, too, had
much the same intellectual, as well as moral and
religious training, both having graduated at-
Hamilton College not far from half a century
ago. It is, however, a singular circumstance,
as related by Mr. Barnes, that though both were
born in the same vicinity, graduated at the
same college, both have been, with much prom-
inence, before the public, and have both taken
i warm interest in the great questions which
have been before the nation and which have
so deeply affected the national affairs, they have
never yet met; Mr. Barnes having seen Mr.
Smith but once, and then even, Mr. Smith
did not see him. But they ave of those of
whom Ralph Waldo Emerson says,
They can parley without meeting;
Need theyve none for forms of greeting.
And what each says to the other, the other ac-
cepts as an honest, earnest conviction, and the
world will accord to both, so far as it knows
them, a high and holy purpose thoughout their
long, able and interesting, as well as moot
friendly, discussion.
Many years ago, Mr. Barnes introduced him-
self most honorably to the world by his Intro-
ductory Essay to Butlers Analogy, an inter-
pretation which that sublime and masterly ar-
gument for Immortality greatly needed to make
it better serve the purposes of mankind; a
work which clothed with flesh, blood and
beauty what had before been but a cold, hard,
dry though irresistible and unanswerable skele-
ton of ratiocination. Mr. Barnes had aided
multitudes to unshaken faith in not. only*
the doctrine of Immortality, but also the
origin of evil and sin in this world, and
of future rewards and punishments, both
by his interpretation of Butler and his very
luminous and careful commentaries on the
Scriptures, known, read and studied everywhere
in Sunday schools and Bible classes. But he
seems to have still wandered in doubt and dark-
ness on the subject himself; and Mr. Smith
discovered among his writings the following re-
markable admissions relating to them :
In the distress and anguish of my own spirit, I confess
that I see no iight whatever. I see not one ray of light
to disclose to me why sin came into the world, why the
earth is strewn with the dying and the dead, and why
men must suffer to all eternity. I have never seen a
particle of light thrown on these subjects that has given
a moments ease to my tortured mind, nor have I an ex-
planation to offer, or a thought to suggest, which would
be of relief to yon. I trust other men, as they proless to
do, understand this better than I do, and that they have
not the anguish of spirit which I have. But I confess,
when I look on a world of sinners and sufferers ; upon
death-beds and grave-yards; upon tbe world of woe,
filled with hosts to suffer forever; when I see my
friends, my parents, my family, my people, my fellow-
citizenswhen I lcok upon a whole race all involved in
this sin and danger ; and when I see the great mass of
them wholly unconcerned, and whenl feel that Bod only
can save them and yet He does not do it, I am struck
dumb. It is all dark to my soul, and I cannot disguise it.
Out of this discovery by Mr. Smith of these
grave doubts, darkness and fears in the mind of
one so eminent as Mr. Barnes grew the corres-
pondence before us. "Whatever shall be said of
the weight of their reasonings, none will doubt
the sincerity and purity of their motives, and
all must he delighted with the serenity and ex-
cellence of their temper and spirit. As the ex- -
treme systems of medical practice are known to
modify each other, Homoeopathy increasing a
little the circumference of its pellets and Allo-
pathy diminishing the diameter of its blisters,
so the firey extremes of Calvinism are every
day seen to glow less fervidly as the clear beams
of science and sublimer thought shine in upon
them. We hail this book, therefore, as a mes-
senger of good omen and cannot too highly
recommend its perusal. Science and religion
must come to a better understanding of each
other. Every week the religious newspapers
are bewailing the scepticism of so many of our
most learned and eminent men. They will have
ample cause for their grief, while they contain
so many columns and pages, as most of them
do of all the evangelical denominations,|
like the following from the Boston Zions Herald,
one of the ablest and best (and most liberal
too) of the Methodist Faith :
Exceptions are taken in the Springfield Union and the
Christian Messenger to a statement in the Herald, that the
idolatry of South America was the real cause of the
earthquake, as accidents, so-called here, are caused
by sin. The Messenger thinks the idea is exploded, that
natural convulsions have anything to do with human
sins. The earth will explode much sooner than that truth. ^
Scdcm and Gtmbn&b axe with us to this day, as a preo

of it, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. The calami*
ties of man. and that in which they all and everywhere
consummate, death, are caused by the sins of man.
That is the first doctrine of the Bible and of Christianity.
When the race becomes sinless, the earth will become
new, and there shall be no more death, and hence no
more destroying earthquake, flood or fire.
But our article grows too long. The Apostle
to the Gentiles said well enough, We are
fools for Christs sake ; but he did not
mean, probably, to be understood so literally
quite, as many seem to suppose. Creeds and
catechisms, heaven and earth may pass away,
but the eternal truths of science shall not pass
away,* can no more die than God, their great
Author can die. p. p.
This popular young orator will speak in
Cooper Institute, on Thursday (this) evening,
for the benefit of the Working Womens Associ-
ation. As Miss Dickinson has known what it
is to struggle with jpoverty, and through hard-
ships has won the success she to-day enjoys,
she will be able to speak eloquently for womans
right in the field of work.
Let those dilletanti gentlemen, who have
been so severely criticising Miss Dickinson as
an author and orator, remember that Harvard,
Columbia and Yale, and even the Free Academy
of our own city were closed agamst her, and if
they were open, where are the mens charitable
societies for the education of poor but pious
young women.
The Nation thinks Miss Dickinsons style is
so faulty, that she should not be encouraged to
speak. We venture to say that when Miss
'Dickinson meets any young gentlemen of twen-
ty-five, a graduate of Harvard, who can sway an
audiencej as she can, and always by appeals to
their moral sentiments, she will be willing to
consider the Wagons proposition.
The young man has yet to be seen, who, with-
out any training cr educational advantages, has
been able to call forth such popular applause
as this young girl.
Nothing but the rarest genius could have en-
abled her through poverty, hardship and perse-
cution, to accomplish what she has, and if she
could have enjoyed all the advantages of culti-
vated society and early training with a thorough
college drill in the sciences, languages* and
Belles Lettres, she might have stood to-day
the peer of Beecher or Phillips. Now, we
would suggest to the cultivated, carping men
of letters, who are all the time criticising
the women of this country who do write and
speak, to use their utmost influence to open the
doors of Harvard to both sexes, and to form as-
sociations all over the country at once, and cre-
ate a generous fund to help the thousands of
young women now struggling for a liberal edu-
cation. Men can never weigh all the depressing
influences that work against womans develop-
ment. Such has been the crushing effect of pub
lie sentiment, that women feel almost like apol-
ogizing for being on the earth at all. Having
been taught that her highest honor was to make
a pudding or darn a stocking, why wonder that
she should not excel in writing a book or mak-
ing a speech ? In the face of all the adverse in-
fluences, the wonder is she should ever attempt
either. e. c. s.
Mas. Polk, widow of the late Bishop Polk, is
about to open a school, in New.Orleans, in which
she will be assisted by her daughter*
We have received the following Call for a Con-
vention to be held in Boston on the 18th and
19th instant, issued by a Committee of Arrange-
ments duly appointed, Mrs. Caroline M. Sever-
ance, Chairman:
We, the undersigned., recognizing the so-called Wo-
man Question as fundamental in its relation to society
and to government,a question, therefore, demanding
honest investigation and wise treatment,unite in cal'-
ing a Convention for the discussion of the principles in-
volved in it, and for the formation of a Society to secure
tbeii application.
We propose, as the basis of our discussion and sub-
sequent action, the equality of the sexes before God,
as written in the nature and duties and destinies of
both, and as announced in the Old and New Testaments,
in the significant words, Anl God said. Let ns make
man in our image, after our likeness and let them
have dominion. So God created man in his own image ;
in the image of God created be him ; male and female
created he them; and, In Christ Jesus there is
neither male nor female ; and the rights of the indi-
vidual, as set forth in the following ever-memorable
words of the Declaration of Independence : We hold
these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created
equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalien
able rights, among which are life, liberty, and the pur-
suit of happiness ; and, that governments derive their
just powers from the consent of the governed/
We hold it a seif-evident truth, also, that these princi-
ciples, applied to the women as to the men of any
nation or race, must produce the best results : and that
such application is necessary to the normal development
of human society.'
We therefore invite the thoughtful men and women
of New England, who are willing to join us io such de-
liberation and action, to meet in Convention at Boston,
on Wednesday and Thursday, the 18th and 19th days of
November next,to organize a permanent Association, for
the wise, systematic, and efficient advocacy of Womans
Suffrage, and its kindred civil and political rights.
It is almost wonderful to observe how 'active
and energetic the human mind is becoming on
whatever pertains to human amelioration ; and
how many men and women among all classes
become inspired to utter new and brave truths
on that sublime subject: Tne following is ex-
tracted from a letter by John Stuart Mill in the
London Illustrated News:
I am quite of opinion that the various forms of
co-operation (among which the one most widely applica-
ble at present to production, as distinguished from dis-
tribution, is what you term the system of small per cent,
age partnerships) are the real and only thorough means
of healing the fend between capitalists and laborers, and
while tending eventually to supersede trade unions, are
meanwhile a natural and gradually increasing corrective
of their operation. I look also with hope to the ultimate
working of the foreign combination. The operatives axe
now fully alive to this part of the case, and are beginning
to try how far the combination principle among laborers
for wages admits of becoming national instead of only
local, and general instead of being confined to each trade
without help from other trades. The final experiment
has thus commenced, the result of which will fix the
limits of what the trade union principle can do. And the
larger view of questions whioh these considerations
open up, and which is already visibly enlightening
the minds of the more advanced work-people, will
dispose them more and more to look for the just im-
provement of their condition rather in becoming their
own capitalists, or allying themselves on fair conditions
with the owners of capital, than in their present uncom-
fortable and often disastrous relations with them.
Religheo Philosophical Journal.The Edi-
tor saidlast week, Wehave endeavored to make
this number of the Journal an excellent one.
He succeeded well. We like his paper much,
all but its name;
Macmillans Magazine has a long and excellent
article on Women as Physicians, from which
we copy the following answers to some objec-
tions often urged against them :
The important part of the question is that which re-
lates to the life of practice as a physician. Are women
strong enough tor that? In the absence of experience
we can but suggest a few considerations which tend to
reassure us od this point. It may be noticed In the first
place, with regard to physical strength, that wherever it
is needed in other callings women are not, as a rule,
incapacitated by the want of it. A physician would not
need to be so strong as a nurse, a washerwoman, or
a charwoman. She might be much weaker physicatly
than the woman who stands behind the counter or who
does needlework for fourteen hours daily. Moreover,
the demand for both muscular and nervous strength
comes gradually to a physician. Duriug the first few
years of professional life he is not overwhelmed with
work, and he has time to become accustomed to a fair
amount of exertion. When in really full practice, he
can afford to sparehimself much fatigue, as tor instance
by keeping a carriage instead of using cabs or walking.
The same is true of night-work. Inexperienced people
are apt to think that, because a doctor is sometimes
called up. he scarcely ever gets a good nights rest;
whereas the truth probably is, that a physician iu even
large practice is not often called up more than once or
twice in the week. One piece of evidence of some im -
portancemay be mentioned upon this point. Many of
the midwives employed by the Boyal Maternity Charity
have an amount of practice which, in the number of
cases, greatly exceeds that of any physician practicing
among the wealthy classes. One of these women, whose
skill and kindness render her a great favorite with her
patients, is also employed by the Marylebone Dispen-
sary. She attends as many as nine hundred patieDts an-
nual yt e., an average of about three every twenty-four
hours, exclusive of Sundays. She not only goes to each
patient's house, when first summoned, and acts as both
doctor and nurse ; but after the birth of the child she
visits and attends to the two patients for several days.
She never expects to pass a night in peace ; she walks
to all her- patients ; she has been thus'employed for
several years, and she is at the present time a remarka-
bly healthy and vigorous woman.
Fearful Mistake Discovered.Too lftte, we
fear, however, to be of any good to man or wo-
man kind, Mrs. Caroline Healy Dali has discov-
ered, and hastens to sound the alarm through
the Boston Daily Advertiser, that
If women would only stop declaiming and earn
what they seek, like, Dr. Zakrzewska and Miss
Putnam, their friends would find no special plead-
ing necessary
Who can tell what a millennium of life, liber-
ty, property, prosperity, and pursuit of happi-
ness the women of the world might not now be
enjoying, if Mrs. Dali had not thrown her very
able and interesting (and as we always thought
before, important and useful) books, lectures
and other labors directly in their way l
Cost of Worship.The London correspon-
dent of the New York Times writes that in one
part of Londonthe district around Cheapside
and Lombard-street, little more than half a mile
in length, and less in breadth, having an area
under a quarter of a square milethere are no
less than forty different 'churches huddled to-
gether The PaU Mali Gazette says that in these
churches forty-nine souls are a large average
congregation, and $2,400 (gold) is the average
salary of a clergyman. St. Pauls, which, though
in the same neighborhood, is not included in
the forty churches above mentioned, has fifty
clerical officials. And all through the region
just beyond, there are, burrowed in cellars, or
packed in garrets, myriads of poor wretches m
filth, squalor, starvation, sickness and death,
thick as wharf rat* and about as human, who in

all tbeir lives never eat a wholesome and suffi-
cient meal, weai* anew, decent garment, or hear
one friendly and loving word from the outside
world, on any subject, from the hour they come
into being until the, to them more blessed, one
when they are almost shovelled out of it! What to
ithem are sound of Church going bell; or fifty or-
dained and well paid priests to a single church ;
or forty others huddled with that one on to less
than half a mile, each with a salary of two thou-
sand four hundred dollars in gold and a congre-
gation of nine and forty drowsy sinners, all told,
in silk and satin, what to them, those human
wharf rats yonder, are ail these pious shams and
shows ? Aye, what ?
Our Foui Courts Correspondent Mr. Train
suggested, a letter or two ago, that Mrs. Stanton
and Miss Anthony should don male attire and
pursue some of our amiable and affable gentle-
men to their evening haunts and see the kind of
company and business wherein they indulge,
when necessarily detained a little longei' tha
usual from home. The same week a curious
scene took place in a Bleecker street car. A gen-
tlemau, the head of a Wall street banking house,
entered the car to ride up-town. The car had
gone but a short distance when his wife also en-
tered the car, and taking a seat at his side, in-
formed him that she proposed to go wherever
he went. To this he objected, and a war of
words followed. When the car reached Bleecker
street, the husband made a dash for the plat-
form, but the wife, who evidently was prepared
for the emergency, seized him by the skirts of
his coat. In the struggle which followed both
got into the street, where the husband bravely
struck his weaker vessel in the face. A
policeman came up at this juncture and took
both into custody. At the station-house coun-
ter charges were made, but (he sergeant in
charge advised a reconciliation, which was
finally effected, and both left for their home
in Brooklyn.
Charles W. Tappan of San Francisco is gen-
eral agent for 4* The Revolution for Califor-
nia, and the States and Territories west of the
Rocky mountains ; duly authorized to appoint
agents and collect funds for both advertise-
ments and subscriptions. Mr. Tappan has act-
ed as volunteer agent for 4 The Revolution
from the first; and sent us a longer list of sub-
scribers than any friend or agent on either side
of the Rocky Mountains. s. b. a.
Washington, D. C., Oct. 26, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution.
In my letter to The Revolution of Jane 23, 1868,
X made certain charges against Mr. Wm £. Chaudler,
former Assistant-Secretary of the Treasury, involving
hie private as well as his official character, upon what I
supposed at the time was good authority. Some facts
have since come to my knowledge which have led me to
reinvestigate the matter, and I fiud that statement^ upon
which the charge was based, are incorrect. 1 therefore
take tbe earliest opportunity to withdraw the charge, in
justice to myself as well as to Mr. Chandler. My sense
of right and justice will not permit me to remain any
) eager responsible for the statement.
Julia Archibald Holmes ,
We have already alluded to this somewhat re-
markable work in The Revolution. Below
are brief extracts from its columns. It is an oc-
tavo pamphlet of about a hundred and fifty
pages and will well repay perusal.
Nothing impels me more strongly toward sooial reform
than the feet that in Christian England, the paragon*
even absolute starvation of the poor is lightly regarded
by the rich and powerful. Lord John Russell lately
said, in answer to a question, that he had not yet re-
ceived the report concerning starvation in the Isle of
Skyethought the people knew their rights as to poor
laws, and probably had not starved. He thought that
charity wouid be of no use. Tbe people should
emigrate. Again the degradation of the working classes
there is frightful. Only in name they are much better off
than the majority of Southern slaves.*
Beyond the valley and the marshes west ot Cincinnati
rise noble bills and bluffs again. My solitary Sabbath
walk is often in that direotion. Last Sunday I walked
some distance west oi the brow of these bluffs, and came
upon a fine Catholic church and convent, the location of
which was selected with that good taste which Catholics
are apt to show in such matters. How profoundly I am
always affected by such a sight! My mind runs vehe-
mently backward and forward while I gaze at a convent-
back th *ough the grand monastic epocr.forward through
the grander phalansteria i epoch, wherein we shall have
all the good of monkery without it3 hideous evils.
The Catholic st.vle or joiaing the church and convent
together is very pleasant to me. Thus they aim to unite
tbe outer andinner lifeSabbath with work-day, preach-
ing with practicereligion with business. Of coarse
they commonly fail very miserably ; but that is no fault
of their architectural system, I abhor tho Presbyterian
style of keeping the main meeting-house shut all the
week, wasting its sweetness, dive me the phalanstery
ohapelopen for worship once a day all the year around ;
and accessible at all iime^, under proper restrictions for
those devout ones wbo would walk its aisles under ibe
dim religions light of its stained-glass windows, com-
muning with God and with tbeir own hearts, with the
angels and the ages; for those who would take sweet,
pious counsel together, walking to the house of God in
company; for those who would at any hour by grand,
solemn or joyous organ music, stir their own hearts and
those of the adjacent toilers in harvest-field or work-
shop. * * -i= * * *
It is the fate of all false priests to be found out, as were
those of England at the time when they were thought
only fit to eat at the servants table. The priest must be
positivemust assert himself like a pope or a Puritan.
Must say necessity is laid upon me, yea woe is me if I
preach not the gospeland woe be to you if you hear
me not. Let him not be dismayed if he has not talent
or geniusevery true priest has his tongue set on fire
of Heaven.
I would once have thought that such passages as the
Jollowing from Shelleys Queen Mab were strained;
now I say, amen! Commerce,as now conducted, is no
hot-bed of the virtues. Said an old Dutch philosopher,
If a merchant would reach Heaven, he must be long
sick.*' Never till the phalanx reconciles all clashing can
we kuow a commerce other titan barbaric. Behold
Shelleys idea of beneficent merchandising:
*There is a philanthropic excitement just now in Eng-
land over the gang system of agricultural labor
which prevails in Lincolnshire. An agricultural gang
is a collection of men, women, boys and girlssome of
the children as young as five or six yearswho are hired
by a ganger to labor wherever he can find work for
them. Tbe farmers make contracts with this man, and
he leads bis slaves about from field to field, after com-
pelling them to travel seven or eight miles to and from
their work. He is generally a man of bad character and
brutal habits, and the women of the gang are, as a rule,
of the most degraded and depraved-class. The immo"
rality that prevails among them is said to be disgust-
ing, and the physical ill-treatment and moral corruption
of the children are sickening to think of. The younger
onesmany of them mere babiesoften drop down
from exhaustion on their long journeys, and their pa-
rents have to send out at night to pick them up on th*
road. The real cause of this bad system seems to be in
the poor-laws. In order to avoid taxation for the sup-
port of paupers, the farmers will not allow laborers* cot-
tages to be built on their lands, and when they want
4xtra help they have to go to the nearest town or village /
Commerce, beneath whose poison-breathing shade
No solitary virtue dares to spring.
* * * *
Commerce has set the mark of selfishness,
The signet of its all-enslaving power,
Upon a shining ore, and called it gold ;
Before whose image bow the vulgar great,
The vainly rich, the miserably proud
The mob of peasants, nobles, priests and kings j
And with blind feeling reverence the power
That grinds them to the dust of misery.
But hoary-headed selfishness has felt
Its death-blow, and is tottering to the grave.
A brighter morn awaits the human day.
it would be one step toward persuading Americans
into the phalanstery if wc could Induce them to heed the
wise warnings that come to us from such men as Carlyle
and Macaulay, as to the instability of our political in-
stitutions and prosperity. Said Macaulay in a letter to
an American Your fate 1 believe to be certain, though
it is deferred by a pbysioal cause. As long as you have
a boundless extent of fertile and unoccupied land, your
laboring population will be far more at ease than the
laboring population, of the Old World. But the time will
come when New England will be as thickly peopled as
Old England. Wages will be as low and will fluctuate as
much with you as with us. The day will come when in
the State of New York, a multitude of people, none of
whom has had more than half a breakfast or expects to
have more than half a dinner will choose a legislature.
Is it possible to doubt what sort of legislature will be
chosen ? On the one side is a statesman preaching re-
spect for vested rights and strict observance of public
faith. On the other is a demagogue ranting about the
tyranny of capitalists and usurers. Which of the two
candidates is likely to be preferred by a workingman
who hears his children cry for more bread? Then
he says will come all worst anarchies. Let those who
would help to avert the absorption of all wealth and com
fort by the few among us, as it is in England, and those
who as things now go will have children voting as above
consider well the Ohristiau phalanstery.
Again as to Carlyle, though he has little respect for
existing aristocracies, and secs little difference between
barons and buccaneers, getting scalps and getting gold
purses by smart operations, he still gives us much truth
about hero worshipthat disposition so strong in all
men to look up to and obey some stronger man. He
claims with truth that the most lion-hearted hail with
rapture the born lords of menthose who seem created
for a supremacy. Such tacts go to show that democracy,
with its dead-levelism is but a good temporary makeshift,
and that we cannot therefore rely on it to maintain our
present prosperity. W6 must bave such a re-organiza.
tion of a portion of society at least as will at once prevent
an excess of hero-worship and an excessive disposition
on tbe part of these natural Agamemnonsto lord it over
their fellows.
The latest authority on Grants opinions i s
Judge Pieirepont in his speech last week in
this city, as follows :
One day at Gen. Grants house in Washington, while
he was Secretary of war, I told him I thought be would
make a good Democratic candidate if he was right on
the question of negro 6uffrago. He replied that he had
no wish for the Presidency, that his feelings and senti-
ments were entirely opposed to negro suffrage; but that he
did not wish to be restrained by any pledges from the
right to change his opinions in future if new exigencies
convinced him that he was wrong; for, said he, you
will remember that early in the war, when I was in com-
mand at the West I publicly stated that if the negroes had
an insurrection I would hold my army in check until ft
was pul down. But long before the war was over, I should
have been glad of a negro insurrection, and would bave
moved my army all the taster. What I want is tbe Union
tbe whole country returned to peace and submission
to tbe laws. Ido not like universal negro suffrage mow,
but the freed men ought to be protected, and if tbe only
way to protoot them in theirhelpless condition is to give
them the suffrage, then I shall be in favor of letting them
vote. I want the Union restored, anil to have the South
come back, obey the laws, and submit as good citizens,
atid it the future proves that they will not do it without
negro suffrage, then 1 would give them negro suffrage.
So then, ad we have always declared, the
South had to be chastised With tbe whip of a*

gro bullets to make them surrender. Now if
they will not be quiet, the scorpion of negro
ballots is to be their doom. But the negro him-
self is to have nothing to say about it. Nobody
is yet bound to respect his rights. The Bred
Soott decision still. He is still to be kept as
the scourge of the south, to fight ov to vote
against her, as republican emergency may re- l
quire. ___________________
A large meeting, representing nearly all
branches of labor in which women and girls are
employed, assembled last Thursday evening at
the office of The Revolution, to consider
the expediency of forming a Workingwomens
Union, which should be open not only to the
laborers in any ore vocation, but to all who
claim to be workingwomen. Miss Susan B.
Anthony announced the object of the meeting,
and after making a few general remarks, pro-
posed that the meeting be organized by the ap-
pointment of a chairman and a secretary. Ac-
cordingly, Miss Anthony was unanimously
chosen for the former position, and Miss Susie
Johns for the latter. Mrs. Mary F. Davis, wife
of Mr. Andrew Jackson Davis, then read, at the
request of the meeting, the following platform
of principles :
The workingwomen of to-day, like those of the past,
belong to the large class of manufacturing and distribut-
ing producers, and, as such, are entitled to recognition
and adequate remuneration in the great army ot the
worlds workers. But, by lack of a just estimate of
womans work, no definite prices have ever been fixed
in the departments of womans special industries, and
this has given rise to various abuses. One of these is
the oppression of workingwomen by unjust and avari-
cious employers. This has been a fruitful source of
poverty, misery, and death. Ou the other hand, exor-
bitant demands are liable to be made, irrespective of
skill, by workers in certain branches of artistic and do-
mestic industry. Isolation of workingwomen tends to
perpetuate these evils, and to prolong their precarious,
shifting, and unjust mode of liie. Hence the necessity
of Association iu order that we may attain enlightened
views, devise plans for co-operation, and establish our
position on an equitable basis.
The Dignitv of Labor.We have no sympathy with
the ideas so prevalent with regard to the degrading ton-
deucy of labor. Honored be the individual who refuses
to eat the bread of dependence, but seeks to render an
equivalent by willing toil lor the blessing of subsistence-
So far from regarding honest labor as a disgrace and
scourge, wo deem it the surest guarantee of true nobility
and worth, and look upon idleness, though clothed in
purple and fine linen, as entitled to rebuke and
scorn. The veriest drudgery can be ennobled by the
willing performance of a noble spirit, and we believe
that in the good time coming the honored members of
society will be they who do most to make the worlds
desert rejoice and blossom as the rose. We welcome
all workingwomen to our association, proud of the Lame
which distinguishes them from the multitude of idlers
and dependents.
Excellence of Performance.As womans super ti-
dal means of discipline and desultory methods of em-
ployment have hitherto sent out into th3 world of work
many incompetent ani inefficient persons, and, as we
believe the adage, that whatever is worth doing at all
is worth doing well, we therefore deem it necessary
that special attention be hereafter given by workingwo-
men to perfecting themselves in the branches of busi-
ness which they have severally adopted. Without
thoroughness and perfect mastery of our vocation we
shdll not only fail of doing justice to our employers, but
shall be unable to take the positions and secure the
salaries which real skill and excellence are -ure to com-
mand. Therefore, as members of this uuion, we deem
that a most effective incipient method of co-operation
would be to assist each other in gaining that perfection
of skill which secures self-approval, commands respect,
and guarantees success.
Social Interchange.Owing to the exhausting toil
of working women, their want of leisure and their count'
less hindrances, they have but little opportunity for
social life, and that fine interchange of sentiment and
cordiality which elevates the character, and without
which the soul pines in solitude, and a feeling of friend,
lessness chills and burdens the heart. As it was good
and pleasant lor brethren to dwell together in unity, so
it is good for sisters, who are engaged in a common
cause, to meet in friendly conference. It gives hope to
the worn spirit, opens anew the avenues of friendship*
and reinspires the flagging energies to action. There-
fore we deem itadvisable to meet as a body, at least once
each month, for mutual interchange, encouragement and
Immediate Aims.As progress takes place by slow
degrees, and the old abuse does not meet its. doom
on the instant, it would be as unwise as futile for us, in
associative capacity, to attempt to right at once all the
w ongs to which workingwomen are subject. But iu
union there is strength, and agitation of thought is
the beginning of wisdom. Therefore we urge that this
be made a Central Workingwomens Association ; and
that at our monthly meetings we not only strike hands
in friendship, but solicit from competent persons hints,
maxims, addresses, heroic songs, whatever will awaken
and direct our thoughts, and give us wisdom tor future
action and attainment. Furthermore, we recommend
the formation of a fund for the benefit of members in
sickness and misfortune, and for carry ingout such plans
as may from time to time offer for bettering the condi-
tion of the workingwomen.
Some discussion arose concerning the substi-
tuti n of the word association tor league,
in the designation of the society.
Mrs. Wilbour thought the word was of some-
what too aggressive and formidable a sound,
consequently it was expunged.
Dr. Harriet Clisbv considered the term
Queens of Society open to misrepresenta-
tion, and suggested honored members as a
more appro pi iate phrase.
It was resolved that the subscription be ten
cents per month, with no initiation fee.
Miss Anthony announced that Miss Anna
Dickinson had consented to lecture on the
night of Thursday week for the benefit ot the
The following committee was appointed to
correspond with Miss Dickinson, and secure a
hall for the delivery of the lecture. These la-
dies, Miss Susie Johns, Mrs. Anna Ward, Mrs.
Brewster, Mrs. Emeline Thomas, Miss Kate
Campbell, Miss Ella Hayes, and Mr*. Elizabeth
Crittenden are to wait upon the benevolent
Peter Cooper and ask him for the us 3 of his hall.
The following committee was appointed to draft
a constitution and by-laws, and to recommend
permanent officers for the association : Dr.
Harriet ^Clisby, Mrs. Mary Tobitt, Miss S. A.
Davis, Mrs. F. Morris, Mrs. C. Wilbour, Mrs.
Celia Burleigh, and Mrs. F. Davis.
A motion was made and carried that Miss
Anthony be continued as President of the asso-
ciation uutil it be permanently organized, after
which the meeting adjourned until the 9th of
November. __________________'
Blanchette.It is interesting to observe the
different modes of treating this singular pheno-
menon by the religious authorities of the coun-
try. The Roman Catholics admit its wondrous-
ly mysterious powers but attribute them to the
devil direct, and warn their people against it.
The Protestants are not less surprised but are
more cautious in giving judgment. The Bos-
ton Congregationalism the ablest organ of the
denomination, says, there is certainly great
mystery about the phenomenon, but we see no
reason to regard it as anything more than anew
phase of whatever agency that is whose opera-
tions usually go under the name of spirit rap-
ping ; of which we have yet to learn the first
beneficial result, while volumes would be re-
quired to write its disastrous influenced That
is exactly what the Roman Catholics say of
If the women of England do not obtain right
of suffrage without delay, it will not be for
want of constitution, law, or legal decision in
their favo" ; as witness the following interesting
report from the London correspondent of the
N. Y. Tribune:
It is remarkable with what steady determination the
claim of the women to vote is pressed. Received at
first with surprise, and treated as a joke, it has been
made so otte'n, in so many boroughs, by women of such
unexceptionable rank in society, and with the aid of
such eminent counsel, that il lias at last, and at least
proved its right to be seriously dealt with. Its success
in Ashford was perhaps accidental. The Revising Bar-
rister left the thirty-three women on the register because
nobody objected. Now we have got a step beyond that.
Id the Metropolitan borough of Finsbury, the claim
of Jane Allen came before the Revising Barrister, Mr.
Chisholm Anstey, was argued like any other claim, and
was finally admitted on purely legal and technical
grounds. Perhaps there is nothing absolutely new in
the argument ot Mr. Sboen, the Solicitor, nor in the
opinion of the Revising Barrister. Mark if as the first
judicial decision in England in favor of womans demand
tor the franchise. As such, it has a real importance.
The English mind has an immense respect for anything
in the shape of a magistrate. A Revising Barristers
Courtis an irregular sort of tribunal, but is still hedged
about with a good deal ofI had almost said divinity to
complete the quotation. But this is certain, that one
such decision has more influence on the public mind
than all the addresses of Miss Becker and all the argu-
ments ot Stuart Mill. Mr. Anstey, it should be ob-
served, is not a new convert to the womans claims, but
an old advocate of it. He is a man of some note at the
bar and in literature, is a Roman Catholic, and has been
prominent in questions touching Catholic interests. He
was in Parliament from 47 to 52 for an Irish borough,
mid was afterward Attorney-General at Hong-Eong.
Since his return to England he has published a number
o f pamphlets on the woman question. He based his
decision distinctly upon the statement that women for.
merly had and used the franchise, and that they have not
been deprived of it by legislation nor lost it by non
user. The legal position of women be held to be much
stronger than it is commonly believed to be. The Magna
Charta, the rights of life, liberty, and property are al-
lowed women, and an act of Parliament declared that
peeresses had the right to be tried by peeresses, as peers
by peers. Taxation acts and penal acts were constructed
to apply to women, unless they were expressly excluded.
As to the argument that women had forfeited by non
user whatever right they originally possessed, Mr. Anstey
pointed out that the opportunity to make a claim had
beeu denied them. Since the reign of James I.1603
1625no such claim could have been made in a court of
law. In that reign, a standing order was made by the
House that no application regarding the privilege of vot.
ing should be brought before any other tribunal than
the Legislature itself. That order was not repealed till
August, 1868. What then became of the argument of
non user, when Parliament itself prohibited a claim
from being tried in the courts ? Mr. Anstey proceeded
to say that under the common law women were regis-
tered as burgesses, for tbey were liable to the duties
of watch and ward. The rolls of Parliament contained
records of women being in Parliamenta fact which I
have not before seen urged. Still more curious is the
statement that when Mrs. Copely claimed that she was
entitled to return a member for a borough herself, a
committee decided that the constituency was not a close
borough. If tbe lady had been incapacitated by her sex^
the question would not have been entertained at all. It
was not till after the Great Rebellion and the Revolution
that the female suffrage fell out of use. But, says our
magistrate, there is not a single decision, not even of
the High Court of Parliament itself, to deprive women
ot the common law right to vote, except in the case of
freeholders as already mentioned. Tbe often quoted
words of the Reform Act of 1832, male persons*
were disposed of with the remarkalso nev that that
was used only iu the enabling clause of tnat act*
not in the disabling clauses. Evidently tbe framers
of that act did not wish to take away old rights, how-
ever tar they might go in conferring new ones.
In ibe Registration Court of the City of Loudon, Mr.
Sidney Smith delivered a speech of singular ingenuity
and research, in favor of the claim of Lydia Stopford to
the franchise. I have seen no argument in whioh the
whole question was discussed with so much learning/

3b* gUvolutiott.
and put iu so fresh ancl striking a way. Here are a few
specimen facts:
it is on record that, in the reign of Elizabeth, Dame
Dorothea Pakington, widow of Sir John Pakington, Knt.(
voted for two burgesses to sit for the town of Aylesbury
id Parliament, the Sheriff having previously issued his
precept to her. There is another instance in the case of
the ladyI beg her pardon, the lord of the manor of Gatt
voting for members of Parliament. In 1789, Sir Wm.
Lee, Chief-Justice of the Kings Dench, decided, and the
other learnedjudges agreed with him, that a femme sole
having a freehold might vote for members of Parliament*
and this is the only occasion on which the question has
been raised before the higher courts. In concluding his
argument, Mr. Smi'.h quoted Things not Generally
Known,* to the effect that ladies of birth and quality sat
in council with the Saxon witas ; that in the reign of
Henry III. and Edward I., abbesses were summoned to
Parliament; and that in the 85th vear of the reign of
Edward III., the Countesses Norfolk, Ormond, March#
Pembroke, Oxford, and Athol, with other ladies, were
compelled to send proxies to Parliament.
The claim was rejected by the Devising Barrister,
but he remarked that he was convinced there was
a very strong arguable case on technical grounds.
An appeal was allowed, and this with many other cases
will soon be heard before the Court of Common Pleas,
where a number of learned gentlemen in musty wigs
will decide every one of them against the women.
We subjoin the following on the same sub-
ject from an English paper :
On the fifth day of Michaelmas Termthe 7th Novem-
berthe court of Common Pleas will appoint sittings
for the hearing of appeals from the decision of the £ e-
vising Barrister. Already several have been lodged, and
a considerable number will appear by the first day
of term. An appellant has to give ten days notice, and,
by being given at once the hearing is expedited. The
first appeal lodged is from Manchester, and contains
upwards of 5,000 names. One case on female franchise
will, it is expected, decide all the other appeals on that
Woman Franchise.In the revising barristers court
at Oockermouth, Mr. Wheeler has placed on the register
the name of Mrs. Bachel Pearson, who had not been
objected to; and, in order to prevent women rashly
withdrawing tlieir claims in consequence of the adverse
decisions at Manchester and Leeds, he expressed in
general terms a strong opinion in their favor. He said
that his own opinion was that the law was decidedly in
favor of women having votes, and when there was
a doubt, and a reasonable doubt, be was bound to find
i i favor of franchise. At the revising barristers
court of Sebergham, nine women were duly admitted as
voters for East Cumberland. At Winterton, in Lincoln,
shire, the Devising Barrister expressed his deliberate
opinion that the Dsform Act, taken in conjunction with
the Interpretation Act, does confer upon women the
right of voting, and allowed the names of women to re-
main 'upon the register in consequence. At Ormsirk,
the revising barrister, Mr. Foard, gave a judgment ex.
actly similar to that at Winterton, and left the names
of forty-one women upon the register of voters for
South-West Lancashire. At Finsbury, the Devising
Barrister has put on the register of voters for tha*
borough all women claimints who proved their qual-
ification under the Act of 1867. At the Sittingbourne
revision court on Monday the revising barlster for East
Kent, Mr. J. D. Chambers, allowed forty-eight more ladies
the privilege of the franchise, whose names were placed
on the lists by the overseers, he (the barrister) con*
tended that he possessed no power to strike them off,
no objection having been made against them. At the
Ramsgate court last week Mary Ann Bailey claimed to
vote for the county in respect to occupation of premises
situate in the division of the county, and attended in
person to support her claim. After long arguments the
barrister delivered a decision against the claim, which
was consequently struck out. Eighty-one females are
entitled to vote in East Kent, and thirty-three at Ashford-
To our friends of The Revolution wlio
have not read the Exit of Caliban and Shy-
lock, I will say, get it immediately and have a
f sast. 1 have no knowledge of the author, not
even his name ; but that he has launched a work
upon the world destined tt> ttfbVe a brilliant stvsi
cess, requires no gift of prophecy to foretell.
The title is a strange one, and not at first
thought particularly happy or suggestive ; but
a careful reading will convince all, of its singu-
ar appropriateness. The Exit of Caliban and
Shylock is a scholarly emanation from a
thoughtful, earnest, live man ; and as such can-
not but commend itself to the refined and dis-
criminating. Its exquisite and classical quota-
tions and allusions make it invaluable to the
metaphysical student. It so combines the ideal
and the actualthe visionary and the practical,
making so plain that blending which with the
most of ns is such a mysterythat as I fin-
ished the last page I was constrained to say
woman! woman! where have your senses been
wandering these years that you could not see
some things as well as others!
Eleanor Kibe.
In another column will we found extracts
from the work to which our correspondent al-
ludes. Eds.
Harper6 Weekly eamelast week, beau in g in for the first
time Harpers Bazar beautiful as a bride. The former
js an old aud valued acquaintance, the latter had not
before even honored us with so much as a call. It aims
to be more than a mere fashion plate, and sound, ortho-
dox authority on modes and styles; for it has several
pages of reading matter, original and selected, poetry
and prose, all good, much of it well up to the demands
of this period of progress. It is published weekly at
four dollars a year, ten cents a single copy.
Packards Monthly for November, devoted to the in-
terests and adapted to the tastes of the young men of
the country. New York : S. S. Packard, 937 Broadway.
One dollar per annum. Why not, Mr. Publisher, say
young women too? It would be no misrepresentation,
and surely no discredit. Do not be too modest. You
deal with problems affecting all classes immensely, if
not alike, bub especially the young of both sexe3. And
that is your credit and value. Tho Monthly thrills all
hearts without being sensational in any offensive sense.
Moral and social evils, in all their multitude aud malig-
nity, it is its province to expose and eradicate. May i;s
patroDags be worthy the herculean work it has in hand.
Tee enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive .and elegant assortment of Gold aDd Sil-
ver Watches for the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfect time-keeper. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality cf watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture oi the move'
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to bo a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate, This movement gives greater accuracy aud re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stock ot
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated aud in every respect warranted. Tbe Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benediot
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.
Scissors Sharpener. We call attention to the
Advertisement in another column of Pierce &
Co. We have a Scissors Sharpener of the
above flifla and it works like ft charm*
Bbecherisms. Rev. Thomas K., Beecher is
shocking many ministerial brethren by his flip-
pantway of putting his opinions of their grounds
of dispute and difference. He is grieved beyond
expression, he says, because of the evil work that
is going on among the feeble Congregational and
Presbyterian churches in New York. As if,
he says, any man in the world could tell any
practical difference between the two denomina-
tionswhich he calls Presby-tweedledum
Congre-tweedledee. A main difference between
them which he sees, is that in one, the minis-
ters and elders meet in Presbytery and have a
dull time; in tne other, the ministers and
delegates meet in Association and have a duller
time. And he advises the churches in that
field, which, by the working of the old Plan of
Union have been so long a little of both, and
not much of either, to cast lotsnow that the
General Assembly has forced them to become
squarely the one or the otherand call them-
selves by the name which shall thus be indi-
Royal Magnanimity.When the Emperor of China
became fully convinced of bis inability to resist tbe
British in the famous Opium War, efforts were made
to induce him to legalize the traffic in opium by laying a
duty on its import, that should yield him a heavy profit.
This he refused to do in these memorable words :
It is truo I cannot prevent tbe introduction ot the
flowing poison. Gain seeking and corrapt men wil),
for profit and sensuality, defeat my wishes, but nothing
will induce me to derive a revenue trom the vice and
misery ol my people.
This Company, which appears by advertise-
ment in our columns, seems to have been or-
ganized on modem principles, and to be willing
to recognize the fact that the World has made
some progress. It conspicuously advertises
that it makes no invidious discriminations
against women, but insures them at the same
rate as men. It also reduces rates on all its
classes of risks, and then makes a special de-
duction from these lower rates to those who use
the Homoeopathic practice. This is a long step
toward the millennium, wherein there shall be
no taking nor giving of physic.
The company is conducted' with vigor and
energy, and is in the hands of men who have a
hospitable reception for every new and good
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeCold, Wee our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Gi'eenbaclcs for Money. An American System of
Finance. American freducls and Labor Free.
Open dooy's to Artisans .and Immigrants. A
lanlic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Oi'edil Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, ?nore Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigner's at the highest pnees.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Lmdt

VOL. ILNO. 18.
Our correspondent makes some strictures on
our article by L. A. Hine in The Revolution
of the 8th of October. We have not space to
print his letter in full but give the main part
of it.
Editors of the Revolution :
While believing as I do that Land Monopoly
is a great evil and much to be deploredI am
willing to unite with good men everywhere in
any just efforts to destroy itI must disagree
with Mr. Hine in regard to its being the princi-
pal cause of the grossly unequal distribution of
the proceeds of labor. For it must be apparent
to all thinking minds, that so long as the pow-
er to regulate the value of money is delegated
by the fundamental law of the land to the few
capitalists (by fixing the rate of interest that it
shall bear, for this is what gives it power over
labor and property) and the great mass of pro-
ducers, men and women, following useful occu-
pations and professions, are deprived of a voice
in this matter, although the soil were perfectly
and absolutely free for all to cultivate who chose
to do so. The capitalist would, through the ac-
cumulative power of money, absorb all the sur-
plus productions of labor.
And further, Mr. Hine will find by a careful
perusal of the platform that Land Monopoly is
declared to be equal with the Money Monopoly,
and as dangerous to the institutions of the'
country ; and upon the motion of Susan B. An-
thony this subject -was referred to a special
committee with instructions to report at the
next congress.
Further I am compelled to disagree, as I
think most reflecting minds will, with friend
Hine, in regard to the results of interposing
arbitrary power against the natural order of
. All laws instituted for the restraint of the vi-
cious and the protection of the virtuous are,
and necessarily must be, arbitrary in their na<
ture and eftect. The law making the gold dol-
lar a legal tender and measure of value is neces-
sarily arbitrary as well as that giving the same
power to the greenback dollar.
As Mr. Hine bas given us three reasons why
he dissents from the almost unanimous decision
ol the National Labor Congress, I will give
my reasons for supporting that decision.
1st. It will give people a money uniform in
value, uniform in volume, with little or no
2d. The power to regulate the value of the
money will be vested in the people, who pro-
duce the values it is designed to represent,
measure and exchange.
3d. It will be a truly convertible money
which we have always wanted (but never had;,
convertible, at the option of the holder, into
Government Bonds, bearing a just rate per cent,
interest, the Bonds being reconvertible into
money at the option of the holder ; thereby giv-
ing the producer control of the value and vol-
ume at all timeswhich is the gist of the money
plank as I understand it.
*Did not our correspondent intend to aay adjustable in
volume to the wants of the trade ?Eds.

4th. We do not want paper money redeema-
ble in gold, for the idea of redemption carries
with it the admission of worthlessness, we want
nothing to circulate as such but absolute and
perfect money.
5th. The powers of money are all legal and
independent of the value of the material upon
which they are expressed ; or, in other words,
money is a principle (instead of a material sub-
stance) which must be expressed, upon some
material to make it available in trade, to be de-
termined alone by convenience and economy.
w. h. c.
Editors of the Revolution :
Let me say a word or two in the hope that I
may reconcile the views of the late D. W. with
those of the present D. W., who quotes the
former as follows: All those things with
which we effect our commercial transactions
are currency.' He adds, that the volume of
all this (currency; must be determined by the
price and quantity of merchandise to be ex-
changed. These two propositions cover ex-
actly the ground I took in my article of Oct.
8th. The sole object of a currency is to repre-
sent and transfer commodities, and it makes
an inextricably confused muddle to use for this
purpose partly a true representative currency or
measure of value and partly a special article of
merchandise. Just so far as we use gold or sil-
ver for money we return to the old barter of
barbarous periods.
I know of no reason why we should desire a
currency that can be carried into foreign coun-
tries any more than we should wish to carry our
railroads or other machinery abroad. And in
point of fact we do not carry onv gold and silver
coin abroad as money. For all purposes of
foreign remittance bullion is better than coin,
and it is not as money but as merchandise that
gold and silver have a commercial value. And
it is because the value of gold and silver coin,
depends upon the amount of fine gold and sil-
ver composing it and not upon its being coined
into money, that it cannot be debased without
depreciating its value as money.
Buying with coin is only a sort of barter, it
is simpl j exchanging one kind of merchandise
for another. It is quite important for the peo-
ple under despotic governments to have money
that has a commercial value as merchandise to
prevent their rulers from cheating them, as they
have often tried to do ; but it is far different with
us where the people are their own rulers and
have no motive for cheating themselves. When
all the peoples are free and universal har-
mony reigns over the entire globe there will be
one currency (not gold or silver or other mer-
chandise) for all, but until then a universal cur-
rency is neither practicable nor desirable.
If the bankers in Europe who think that
gold will not some years hence purchase half
as much corn as at present are correct, as I
believe they are, our friend D. W. is not cor-
rect in asserting that the cost of gold and silver
is more uniform than m regard to other pro-
duct?. Neither is his assertion valid for the
purposes of this argument, that the value of an
hours labor is not alike in any two persons.
The true measure of value is the product of an
hours labor performed by the man best fitted
for it. Every one can do an average amount of
work at something or at several things, but
each can do some things best. When each does
that which he is best adapted to, it will be
found that the law of equitable exchange is hours
labor for hours labor. Now, the most useless
and the most agreeable labors are paid the best,
while the most usefal and necessary and repug-
nant labors are paid the least. This male
dogma of the difference in the value of labor is
the mean excuse for defrauding and degrading
women by paying them a fraction of what men
receive for less difficult and disagreeable work.
The fact that gold and silver have a commercial
value has not necessarily any more bearing on
the question of money than the equally evident
fact that corn and potatoes have a commercial
valae. Wliat we want is that which, while it has
no value iu itself, shall represent and measure
aU other values, whether of metals or other use-
ful products of labor, in order to facilitate equit-
able exchanges. Let me close with a formula
or epigram a la G. F. T. Money ought not to
be merchandise; merchandise ought not to be
money. Discrimination shall be your salva-
tion. p. s. c.
Our correspondent makes a mistake, we think >
in saying that the true measure of value is
the product of an hours labor performed by the
man best fitted for it. Money is the measure
of value established by the governments of
civilized nations ; the rate of interest determin-
ing how mach or how little that value shall be.
Kellogg says :
Money is valuable in proportion to its power to accu -
mulate value by interest. A dollar which can be loaned
for twelve per cent, interest, is worth twice as much as
one that can be loaned for but six per cent., just as a
railroad stock which will annually bring in twelve per
cent, is worth twice as much as one that annually brings
in six per cent. The value of state, bank, railroad t
or any other stock, is estimated by the dividends it wil 1
pay during the time it has to ran. Any increase or
diminution of the power of money to accumulate by
interest, increases or diminishes proportionally its
value, and consequently its power over property.
I am frequently asked by workingmen, what
has this question of interest to do with ns, we
are not borrowers, neither have we money to
lend ? Let us see ; the natural increase in the
wealth of the nation in seventy years is less than
four percent.say four per cent, per annum.'
Then it follows that any rate of interest above
four per cent, is too much, and is running the
nation in debt, while the increase of wealth was
at the rate of four per cent, per annum, in-
terest has averaged at least eight per cent, for
seventy years. But if we take the last seven
years we will find that the increase in wealth
has not been over three per cent., while the rate
of interest has averaged fully fifteen per cent.,
making an actual loss to productive industry of
twelve per cent, per annum. This matter of
interest is the source of all our financial panics.
The man who spends more than his income
must go to the wall sooner or later; and the .
nation that spends more than it produces must
come to ruin. No nation on the globe ever did
or ever can carry a rate of interest above the
natural increase of wealth, without coming to
financial ruin. The manufacturer, the farmer,
the mechanic and the common laborer, each
runs in deht, or each has a load of debt accu-
mulating upon him, an ever increasing mort-
gage upon his energiesupon future labor to
make up present deficiencies. The money
lenders, and the whole horde of bankers, spec-
ulators and other gamblers, are day by day ac-

cumulating additional liens upon labor. This
condition of things lasts about ten years, when
labor breaks down under the load. Its resour-
ces are exhausted, the rate ot interest can no
longer be paid, the creditors begin to crowd the
debtors, a money panic ensues, and financial
ruin sweeps over the land, prostrating every-
thing before it; debts are set Jed at a small per
cent, on the dollar, bankrupt laws are enacted ;
we become a nation of individual repudiators
all the figures on the slate are wiped off. In
this geueral ruin and mixing up of things, the
bankers gather up all there is, and labor must
make a new start. This operation is repeated
every ten or twelve years. Interest acts like
the tax gatherer ; it enters into all things, and
eats up the profits of labor. Labor marries a
wile and supports a family. Labor needs food,
clothing and rest. Labor works but six days
in the week. Labor gets sick and has doctors
bills to pay. Interest works all the time ; in-
terest nsver gets tired ; interest needs no cloth-
ing ; interest never gets hungry ; interest never
gets sick ; interest has no family to support and
needs no almshouse when it gets old ; interest
produces nothing, but it consumes everything ;
it gathers together the products of labor, mak-
ing the rich richer and the poor poorer. In-
terest produces nothing. All it does is to trans-
fer the products of industry to the pockets of
the money lenders, bankers and bondholders.
W, H. Sylvis.
The First Mortgage Seven per Cent. Sinking
Fund Bonds of the Rockford, Rock Island and
St. Louis Railroad Company, pay both Princi-
pnl and Interest m GOLD COIN,- Free op Gov-
ernment Tax.
Each Bond is for $1,000 or $2,000 Sterling, and
is convertible into stock at the option of the
holder. The coupons are payable Feb. 1st and
Aug. 1st, in New York or London, at the option
of the holder.
The Road runs from Rockford in Northern
Illinois to St. Louis, a distance including tracks.
to Coal Mines, etc., of about 4C0 miles, and
traverses the finest district of Illinois.
The Bonds have 50 years to run, and are a
lien of $21,000 per mile upon the Companys
railroad franchises, in coal-landsof which it
has 20,000 acres containing A HUNDRED MIL-
LION TONS OF COALits rolling stock, and
property of every sort.
A subscription of $8,800,000, at par, to the
Capital Stock of the Company, furnishes a large
part of the means required to construct and
equip tiie road.
Nearly half the entire length of the road is
graded and substantially ready for the iroD ;
the rails are now arriving upon the line. The
first division, giving an outlet to the coal, will
be in operation in 60 days, and track-laying will
from this time be prosecuted with the utmost
energy till the last rail is in position. The Com-
pany intend to have the road in readiness for
the Autumn business of 1869.
The Bonds are for sale at 97£ and accrued in-
terest in currency, and may be obtained through
bankers and brokers throughout the country, or
at the office of the Company, 12 Wall Street,
New York.
The trustees for the Bondholders is the Union
Trust Company of New York.
Pamphlets giving full information sent on ap-
H. E. ROODY, Treasurer.
was stringent throughout the week, call loans ranging
from 7 per cent, in currency to 1-16, %, and in some
cases % per cent, commission added, and 7 per cent, gold
interest. The weekly bank statement Is unfavorable an8
shows a large falling off in the reserve, the legal tender
being decreased $5,120,486 and the loans $1,213,264.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
' Oct. 24. t>ct. 31. Differences
Loans, $263,579,133 $262,365,369 Dec. $1,213,264
Specie, 9,553,583 10,620,526 Inc. 1,066,943
Circulation, 34,193,938 34,258,210 Inc. 59,272
Deposits, 186,052,847 181,948,547 Dec. 4,104,300
Legal-tenders, 56,711,434 51,590,948 Dec. 5,120,486
was steady at the close.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. .Lowest. Closing.
Saturdy, Oct.24,135 135% 134% 134%
Monday, 26, 133% 134%- 133% 134
Tuesday, 27, 134% 134% 134% 134%
Wednesday, 28, 134% 184% 133% 184%
Thursday, 29, 134% 134% 134% 134%
Friday, 30, 134% 134% 134 184%
Saturday, 31, 134 184 138% 134%
Monday, Nov.2, 133% 133% 138 138%
was firmer at the close, prime bankers 60 days sterling
bills being quoted 109% to 110, and sight 110 % to 110%
Francs bn Paris bankers lODg 5.15% to 5.15 and short
5.12% to 5.11%.
was active snd excited with wide fluctuations, the
amount of transactions for the week exceeding those of
any other week for some time. On Tuesday and Wed-
nesday the market was in a critical position, and on the
verge of a panic owing to the extreme stringency of the
money market, in addition to the persevering efforts of
a powerful combination to break down prices. At the
close tbe market was dull and irregular with a decline in
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
Cumberland, 34 to 40; W. F. & Co. 28% to 29 ; Ameri-
can, 45 to 46% ; Adams, 49 to 50 ; U. States, 46% to 50;
Mchts Un., 21 to 21% ; Quicksilver, 22% to 24 ; Canton,
47% to 49% ; Pacific Mail, 123% to 123% ; W. V. Tel.,
36 to 36% ; N. Y. Central, 125% to 125% ; Erie, 40% to
40% ; do. preierred. 64 to 71 : Hudson River, 136% to
137% ; Beading, 98 to 98% ; Waba3h, 61% to 62 ; MU.
& St. P. 97 to 97% : do. preferred, 97% to 97% ; Fort
Wayne, 113% to 113% to 11%; Ohio & Miss., 30% to 30%;
Mich. Central, 117 to 119 : Mich. Southern, 85 to 85% ;
HI. Central, 144 to 145% ; Pittsburg, 86% to 87 ; Toledo,
101% to 102% ; Rock Island, 104% to 105 ; North Wesfc>
87% to 89% ; do. preferred. 90% to 90% ; B. W. V., 15 to
16% Erie, 27 to 30.
were steady and at ,the close active] and strougwitha
considerable.improvement in prices.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Beg. 1881, 114 to 114%; Coupon, 1881, 115% to
115%; Beg. 5-20,1862,116 % to 106%; Coupon, 5-20
1862,109% to 109% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 107% to 107%;
Coupon, 5-20, 1865, 107% to 107% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1866,
Jan. and July, 110% to 110%; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
110% to 110%; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 110% to 111;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 104% to 104%; 10-40 Coupon, 105%
to 106.
for the week were $2,084,097 in gold against $2,390,812,
$2,384,676 and $2,784,350 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $3,611,663
in gold against $4,999,106, $6,371,459 and $4,057,449 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $3,339,694 in currency against $3,351,454, $2,763,-
889, and $3,072,568 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie. were $1,071,407 against $29,724,
$410,313 and $43,620 for For nine subscribers and eighteen dollars we will
give one of Doty's Universal Cloths Wringers, worth
nine dollars.
In New York, Oct. 26,1867,
294 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Polioy-Holders than any other Company in the
country." But tor every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed ior bis loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
because :
Its Directors are among the first men for character and
wealth in the country. '
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are all personally interested in its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
cable sense.
Its assured are not confined to certain degress of long-
titude, but are free to travel and reside where they
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
tained annually, and DIVIDED to its members in exact
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to pay more th an two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to be paid by tbe dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real iuterest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
It pays every honest claim on its funds wilh tbe ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rob its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailing'pretences.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
TUTE1863, Tbe next annual session will be held
in the Public School Building In the village of Flushing,
commencing at 10 a.m., on Monday, November 9th, and
continuing two weeks. The Institute will be conducted
by Prof. James Johonnot, assisted by Mbs. A. T. Ran-
Evening lectures will be delivered by Prof. Alden (of
the Albany Normal School), Prof. Johonnot, Miss
Susan B. Anthony, and other eminent educators and
lecturers. Miss Anthony will address the Association on
Friday evening, Nov. 13th.
ot the New York Infirmary, 126 Second Avenue, will
open Nov. 2d. For prospectus, apply to
14 17 Dr. E. BLACKWELL, Sec.

l< fUtfilutitftt.
1 vol.....16mo....Price, $1.50.
The book is a solemn, earnest, thrilling, enthusiastic
appeal, in which a noble we man, herself at ease, blessed
with flattering friends, with applause, with admiration,
takes all in her hand, and risks all in pleading the cause
of the poorest, the most maligned and scorned of God's
creatures. In the form of a story she makes a most
condensed, earnest, and powerlul appeal to the heart
and conscience of this American nation on the sin of
What gives this story its awful power is its truth.
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
I wish that every person of maturity throughout the
length and breadth of the land may read it. Many of
the most remarkable incidents of the war of the rebel-
lion are woven together by the thread of an interesting
story, told in a dashing, spirited style. Some defects i
has ; bu t, in comparison with its merits, they are too
unimportant to dwell upon."Lydia Maria Child.
I have read far enough to be greatly interested in it,
and to wish that a copy were in the hand of every voter.
God bless Anna Diokinson for this beautiful and effective
testimony against the infernal spiiit of caste l Gerrit
It is full of genuine feeling eloquently expressed,
and is pervaded by a sublime sympathy with the op-
pressed and by a high and beneficent purpose. We are
made to feel, in reading the book, tbat it is the work of
a brave woman, one who has broken away from tbe dull
and bea ten path of prejudice and of conventional usage,
and has the courage to follow withersoever the truth
may lead,Frederick Douglass.
*** For sale by all booksellers. Sent post paid on re-
ceipt of price, by the Publishers,
18 4 and 63 Bleecker street, N. Y.
A Monthly Magazine op Eighty Pages, Devo ed
Intellectual Freedom and Universal Religion
There is a large and steadily increasing number of
people in America who think for themselves j who have
come to learn that the intellect is free-born ; who acknow-
ledge no authority but reason, and who have found that
Religion is something natural and universal, f
The Radical Magazine represents this class. It is a
medium for the freest expression of thought on reli-
gious and social topics.
Not having to consult denominational or party inter-
ests. The Radical can consistently enforce the lessons
of intellectual freedom and self-dependence! Confiding
more in the natural force of Ideas for the progress and
melioration of society, than in the good office of tbe
best-disposed institutions ; in the Spirit of Liberty
steadily burning in the soul of man, rather than in
tbe wisest prescriptions of political or ecclesiastical art;
we are ambitious, by the discussion of ideas and prin-
ciples, to fortify individuals in their trust of Spiritual
Laws, and in an unwavering reliance on the protections
of heroic character.
No subject important enough to be discussed at all in
its pages, is to be pronounced settled, and arbitrarily
closed in deference to the popular sentiment. The
alarm-bells of ignorance, bigotry, sentimental piety,
wherever heard, it will allow to swing out their force
unheeded. It does not believe that the world is to be
upset, nor the providence of nature set on fire, or balked
by the frank expression of any mans or womans opin-
ion, on even the most delicate subjects; but quite the
contrary. If there be virtue tbat is thereby imperilled,
so frail a viriue is hardly worth the saving ; the greater
its peril the safer the morals of society. If there be any
truth too timid to grant equal terms to error, it will be
safer to have it routed until pride picks up its courage.
The Radical would not covertly suppress error, but
openly, with full faith in human nature under tbe sway
of freedom, win the day against it.
The Contributors of The Radical are responsible
each for his or her own productions, but for no other.
Single Subscription.Three dollars a year, in ad-
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83F All Communications should be addressed to The
Radical," Boston, Mass.
S. H. MORSE, \ Editors &
J. B. MARVIN, j Publishers.
THE only means of
For sale by Kiggins, Tooker & Co., 123 & 125 William
St., New York. Priee $1.25.
The author lays the axe at the root of the evils of
our currency and financial system. * He shows,
what is undoubtedly true, that tbe monetary system of
this and all other civilized countries tends rapidly to
make tbe rich richer and the poor poorer. * *
The tendency is everywhere the same from the same
cause. The condition of the Irish peasant who raises
good wheat and fattens fine pork, but is never able to
taste either, because capital and taxes leave him noth-
ing but potatoes to live upon, will become in time tbe
condition of the producing classes of this and all other
countries, if the existing monetary system remains.
* * The author shows conclusively, that gold mid
silver are not, and cannot be, the representatives of
value, that even, in what is called specie-paying times,
fjkese metals enter to a very limited extent into the
transactions of business, and tbat the banks which
are said to be on a specie basis never have a third of
the precious metals on hand to meet their full liabili-
ties. * * This shows that the writer had com-
prehensive views on the subject, for while his proposed
currency is net exactly of the character of the green-
back currency, they are alike in being uniform, national
and based upon the credit of tbe government or coun_
try. * * He shows that a high rate of interest
absorbs in the hands of capitalists all the profits of in-
dustry and leaves the producers poor. To remedy this,
in connection with his system of a safety lund and a
uniform legal tender currency, he would have Congress
establish a low and uniform rate of interest for the
whole country. We have not space here to go into the
details of his scheme, which is novel and suggestive."
New York Herald.
It presents an.acute analysis of the functions of
money, and abounds in singularly suggestive ideas,
which cannot fail to awaken the interest of the reader.*
New York Tribune.
School Dialogues, Essays, or Lectures on any
given subject May be had on easy terms, and of tbe
purest moral tone, by addressing
15 18 Hudson City, N. J.
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has every train, station, steamboat, and landing.
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PORTER. Samples of this valuable and neces-
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office of The Revolution." It serves not only as a
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of the uDderclothiug. Doing away with ligatures and
the depressing weight of the clothing, it permits free
circulation of the blood, lessens liability to cold feet,
pain in the side, headache and countless other evils to
which women are exposed by a dress unhygenic and un-
Sold wholesale and retail by WILLIAM CANNON, at
the PATENT EMPORIUM, No. 20 State street, room 13.
Rights for sale.
ANTED Ladies of intelligence and refine-
ment as agents in city or country for a valuable
and rapidly elhngworjr. Apply to
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116 Nassau street.
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Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
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cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
The Most Readable Book of the Bay.
Autobiography of Horace gree-
A superb octavo of over 600 pages. lUustraled
Mr. Greeley has said of it: I shall never write any-
thing else into which I shall put so much of myself, mY
experiences, notions, convictions and modes of thought,
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mental history."
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Sunday. Sept. 20.
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Please call or send your orders.
Editor of the Mirror, late Prin cipal Normal
and Scientific Institute," ha? a New and Popular-
Lecture :WomanHer Equality and Social Posi-
16 18 Sharon, Wis.

Are now finished and in operation. Although this road
is built with great rapidity, the work is thoroughly done,
and is pronounced by the United States Commissioners
to be first-class in every respect, before it is accepted,
and before any bonds can be issued upon it.
Rapidity and excellence of construction have been
secured by a complete division of labor, and by distri-
buting the twenty thousand men employed along the
line for long distances at once. It is now probable that
The Company have ample means of which the govern-
ment grants the light of way, and all necessary timber
and other materials found along the line of its opera-
tions ; also 12,800 acres of land to the mile, taken in
alternate sections on each side of its.road ; also United
States Thirty-year Bonds, amounting to from $16,000 to
$48,000 per mile, according to the difficulties to he sur-
mounted on the various sections to be built, for which it
takes a second mortgage as security, and it is expected
that not only the interest, but the principal amount mayr
bo paid in services rendered by the Company in ;rans
porting troops, mails, etc.
ROAD, from its Way or Local Business only, during the
year ending June 80, 1868, amounted to over
which, after paying all expenses was much more than
sufficient to pay the interest upon its Bonds. These
earnings are no indication of the vast through traffic
that must follow the opening of the line to the Pacific,
but they certainly prove that
upon such a property, costing nearly three times their
The Union Pacific Bonds run thirty years, axe for
$1,000 each, and have coupons attached. Ihey bear
annual interest, payable on the first days of January and
July at the Company's Office in the city of New York, at
Hie rate of six per cent in gold. The principal is payable
in gold at maturity. The price is 102, mid at the present
rate of gold they pay a liberal income on their cost.
A very important consideration in determining the
value oi these bonds is the length of time they have to
It is well known that a Ion bond always commands a
muoh higher price than a short one. It is safe to as-
sume that during the next thirty years the rate of inter-
est in the United States will decline as it has done in
Europe, and we have a right to expect that such six per
cent securities as these will be held at as high a pre-
mium as those of this government, which, in 1857, were
bought in at from 20 to 28 per cent, above par. The ex-
port demand alone may produce this result and as the
issue of a private corporation, they .are beyond the reach
of political action.
The Company believe that their Bonds, at the present
rate, are. the cheapest security in the market, and re-
serve the right to advance the price at anytime. Sub-
scriptions will he received in New York
At the Company's Office, No. 20 Nassau street,
JOHN J. CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street,
And by the Companys advertised agents throughout the
United States.
Remittances should be made in drafts or other hinds
pa in New York, and the Bonds will be sent free of
charge by return express. Parties subscribing through
ooal agents will look to them for their safe delivery.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP FOR 1868 has just been pub-
ished by the Company, giving fuller information than
possible in an advertisement, respecting tbe Progress of
he Work, the Resources of the Country traversed by the.
Road, the Means for Construction, and the Value of the
Bonds, which will be sent free on application at the
Companys offices or to any of the advertised agents.
JOHN J, CISCO. Treasurer,
ept. 14, 1868. New York.
No. 231 Broad was, New York,
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
Ann policies non-fobfeitable.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow from Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in tbe Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
Send for Circulars and Tables.
Tt treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe-
deuborgianism, Spiritualism, Womans Rights and Free-
Love as candidly as Hepworth Dixon.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Banner oi Light.
Ono of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued.Philadelphia City Item.
Large S vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York.
[See advertisement Oct. 8.J 15 17
j^/£RS. E. V. BURNS,
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets, Cin-
cinnati, O.,
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Charts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list
Instiuclion given at the class-room or by mail in the
newest, briefest, easiest, and most complete method cf
Phonographic Reporting.. Terms, $10 for a full course
of 12 lessons. Instruction-books furnished free to
pupils. 15 18
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any.kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo r
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
jand, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President,
EDW. A. STANSRURY, Secretary.
t w: } Medical Esami,.
At office daily from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. CityOffiee
No. 95 Sixth Ave, N. Y. Send stamp foT Circulars.
Db. John Turner, 725 ^Tremont street, Boston.
Rexnell k Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wigbtman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
3. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, lor the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
Counties oi Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
Monday in November and end about the first of March.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
tbe able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
useful physicians.
For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 196 Erie st., Cleveland, O.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
D. D. McKOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
Notarx Public, New York.
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property..
Samples of the ore can be seen at tbe office of The
The Hygeian Home is situated on tbe eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenerv, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reading, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon VaLey Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
Wernersville, Berks Co., Pa.
20 North William street,
13-1 y New York.
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 30th
may be had by addressing the authoress,
Hudson City, New Jersey
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to tbe duties of an Accoucheuse.
Women, will begin their Sixth Annual Term of
twenty weeks, at their new College in Twelfth sireet, cor-
ner of Second avenue, the first Monday in November
For Announcements, giving full particulars, address,
with stamps, the Dean, Mrs. C. S. LOZIER, M. D., or
the Secretary, Mis. C. F. WELLS, Box 730, N. Y.
Commercial partner wanted.
$20,000 cash capital required. Businessjobbing in
hardware, flour, grain, provisions, agricultural tools and
Partner wanted for bookkeeper and cashier. Location,
best in Vermont, and business every way desirable to
an enterprising person. Business hours from 7 a.m. to
6 p.m. Address
JOHN LANDON,Rutland, Vt.