PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. n.NO. 19. NEW YOKE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1868.
WHOLE NO. 15,
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK COT SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) Editorfi
PARKER PILLSBURY, } Editors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor. .
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Monet.For large
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POST-OFFICE MONET OBDERS
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out any loss.
under the new system, which went into effeot June 1st,
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Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
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and lake his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
For THBEE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, WS Will
give one copy of
REBECCA; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin, Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in.
behalf of Woman's Enfranchisement.
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
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Countbt Homes and how-to save money. By S. Ed-
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KELLOGG'S NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,
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ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ANNA E. DICKINSON,
or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
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For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
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THE VOTERS OF VINELAND.
Vineland, N. J., Nov. 4, 1868.
Editors qf the Revolution:
The women here went to the polls on Tues-
day in sober earnest. The men behaved most
politely and gallantly towards them, without
one exception, some of them even sending their
carriages to bring them to the meeting.
The women cast 157 republican votes and
four democratic. Seven of the women who
voted were colored. We provided our own bal-
lots and ballot-box, the women voting on one
side of the room and the men on the other. Of
course our law-abiding controllers of election
refused to recognize us, but I ventured on the
spot to predict that, at the next Presidential
election, we shall vote lawfully and be counted
with the rest. More next week. k.
Another Straw.Straws show as well as
mill logs how the current runs. The young
women of Holyoke (Mass.) Seminary came as
near to voting for President as they could and
Miss it. They expressed their joy by an illu-
mination in the evening, when at a given signal
the entire Seminary building was lighted from cu-
pola to basement. The young ladies then as-
sembled on the opposite side of the street and
sang the Star Spangled Bannerand other
national airs, at the conclusion of which three
hearty cheers were given for Grant and Colfax.
The illumination continued for half an hour.
On the day previous, a canvass revealed 260
votes for Grant and Colfax and only eight for
Seymour and Blair.
Another.Wheaton Female Seminary in Nor-
ton, Mass., held the election on Tuesday last
as became it. The young ladies assembled in
Seminary Hall, a fair and goodly company, as
eager for the fray as any gathering of free elec-
tors at a primary meeting. A Moderator (or
Moderatress), Clerk, and other officers were
chosen by a fairer show of hands than is always
seen at a ward meeting. No split tickets were
in the field, and the polls closed after an enthu-
siastic canvass. The result announced was,
Grant 70 ; Seymour, 2. O, no, Messrs. Tribune,
the women dont want to vote! Not they!
Lectures on Anatomy.Dr. Lemercier lec-
tures at Cooper Institute this evening (Thurs-
day), and on Friday, Monday of next week,
Tuesday and Wednesday. His lectures cover
theanatomy of men, animals and plants, illus-
trated by clastique models of most superb struc-
ture, far exceeding any ever before seen in this
country. The prices for the course are reduced
and the hall should be crowded every night.
The opportunity is too good to be lost.
MOS1 UNJOS1 MSCRIMINA1ION.
The Washington correspondent of the Mis-
souri Union Appeal writes with becoming indig-
nation on the unjust proscription of woman in
the clerkships at the Federal Capital. It seems
that on account of the reduction of work and
failure of appropriations Secretary McCulloch
is discharging seventy-five ot the women now
employed in his department The writer very
justly asks, why not discharge the least competent
persons, irrespective of sex ? And then adds :
Many of these females about to be discharged are
widows with families to support, and others are young
girls on whom aged parents and younger brothers and
sisters rely for daily bread ; while of the men who will
be retained, many will be chaps so brainless that no
private individual would give $5 a week for their ser-
vices except as common day-laborers, and others are
young bloods of dissolute habits, of no use to the world
or themselves. I cannot see how an honest man with
the capacity to distinguish right from wrong oan refuse
to lend his aid toward blotting from our social and poli-
tical systems the outrageous, disgraceful, cowardly, in-
ternal solecism which discriminates against women in
the employment and reward of labor.
Give woman the ballot with man, and the
whole problem will be solved in an horn*.
Childrens Sight.What is commonly called
near sightedness has increased greatly within
the last half century, and it is time parents,
guardians and teachers understood more about
it. Children are often subjected to severe pun-
ishments both at home and in school for of-
fences they cannot avoid possibly, from defect
in their eyesight. A t a teachers convention in
Boston last week, Dr. Henry W. Williams, now
the most eminent oculist in the country, had
something to say on the near-sightedness in chil-
dren, many of whom, he remarked, had defec-
tive vision years before it was discovered.
Some very clear-sighted children could not use
their eyes steadily for any length of time with-
out blurring, owing to a defect in the accom-
modative muscles ; a brief rest enabled them to
see clearly again. They were apt to make ab-
surd mistakes in reading, and to study poorly,
which teachers and others thought was owing
to idleness. Blindness sometimes supervened
in a single day. Many individuals were born
with a slight tendency to myopia, and had near-
sightedness brought on by studiousness. Near-
sightedness was not known among savages or
uneducated races, and appeared most among
those, of the highest culture. The eye should
never be strained to see objects that it could
not see, or devoted to too small type or work .
Children who were ambitious to keep up with
their classes often were allowed to go on till
the eyes were ruined. These cases often began
with slight symptoms. Such children should
not be compelled to study continuously, should not
care where they were in their class, should keep
the head erect and hold the book up. Teachers
should aid the child as far as possible. The
object of education, the Dr. said, was not to
cram, but to prepare a child for lifes duties.
THF RIGHTS OF WO MAR.
BY MARY WOLI/STONEOBAPT1790.
DUTY TO PARENTS.
There seems to be an indolent propensity in
man to make prescription always take place of
reason, and to place every duty on an arbitrary
foundation. The rights of kings are deduced in
a direct line from the King of kings ; and that
of parents from our first parent.
Why do we thus go back for principles, that
should always rest on the same base, and have
the same weight to-day that they had a thousand
years agoand.not a jot more? If parents dis-
charge their duty they have a strong hold and
sacred claim on the gratitude of their children;
bnt few parents are willing to receive the re-
spectful affection of their offspring on such
terms. They demand blind obedience, because
they do not merit a reasonable service : and to
render these demands of weakness and igno-
rance more binding, a mysterious sanctity is
spread round the most arbitrary principle ; for
what other name may be given to the blind duty
of obeying vicious or weak beings, merely be-
cause they obeyed a powerful instinct ?
The simple definition of the reciprocal duty,
which naturally subsists between parent and
child, may be given in a few words : The pa-
rent who pays proper attention to helpless in-
fancy has a right to require the same attention
when the feebleness of age comes upon him.
But to subjugate a rational being to the mere
will of another, after he is of age to answer to
society for his own conduct, is a most cruel and
undue stretch of power, and perhaps as inju-
rious to morality, as those religious systems
which do not allow right and wrong to have any
existence, but in the Divine will.
I never knew a parent who had paid more than
common attention to his children, disregarded ;*
on the contrary, the early habit of relying almost
implicitly on the opinion of a respected parent
is not easily shaken, even when matured reason
convinces the child that his father is not the
wisest man in the world. This weakness, for a
weakness it is, though the epithet amiable may
be tacked to it, a reasonable man must steel
himself against; for the absurd duty, too often
inculcated, of obeying a parent only on account
of his being a parent, shackles the mind, and
prepares it for a slavish submission to any pow-
er but reason.
I distinguish between the natural and acci-
dental duty due to parents.
The parent who sedulously endeavors to form
the heart and enlarge the understanding of his
child, has given that dignity to the discharge of
a duty, common to the whole animal world,
that only reason can give. This is the parental
affection of humanity, and leaves instinctive
natural affection far behind. Such a parent ac-
quires all the rights of the most sacred friend-
ship, and his advice, even when his child is ad"
vanced in life, demands serious consideration.
With respect to marriage, though after one
and twenty a parent seems to have no right to
withold his consent on any account; yet twenty
years of solicitude call for a return, and the son
ought, at least, promise not to marry for two
or three years, should the object of bis choice
not entirely meet with the approbation of his
But, respect for parents is, generally speaking,
* Dr. Johnson makes the same observation.
a much more debasing principle; it is only a
selfish respect for property. The father who is
blindly obeyed, is obeyed from sheer weakness,
or from motives that degrade the human charac-
A great proportion of the misery that wanders,
in hideous form around the world, is allowed to
rise from the negligence of parents : and still
these are the people who are most tenacious
of what they term a natural right, though it be
subversive of the birth right of man, the right
of acting according to the direction of his own
I have already very frequently had occasion
to observe that vicious or indolent people are
always eager to profit by enforcing arbitrary
privileges ; and generally in the same propor-
tion as they neglect the discharge of the duties
which alone render the privileges reasonable*
This is at the bottom, a dictate of common sense
or the instinct of self-defence, peculiar to igno-
rant weakness ; resembling that instinct, which
makes a fish muddy the water it swims in, to
elude its enemy, instead of boldly facing it in
the clear stream.
. From the clear stream of argument, indeed,
the supporters of prescription, of every denom-
ination, fly ; and, taking refuge in the darkness
which, in the language of sublime poetry, has
been supposed to surround the throne of Omni-
potence, they dare to demand that implicit re-
spect which is only due to His unsearchable
ways. But, let me not be thought presump-
tuous, the darkness which hides our God from
us, only respects speculative truthsit never
obscures moral ones, they shine clearly, for God
is light, and never, by the constitution of our
nature, requires the discharge of a duty, the rea-
sonableness of which does not beam on us when
we open our eyes.
The indolent parent of high rank may, it is
true, extort a show of respect from his child,
and females on the continent are particularly
subject to the views of their families, who never
think of consulting their inclination, or provid*
ing for the comfort of the poor victims of their
pride. The consequence is notorious ; these
dutiful daughters become adulteresses, and neg-
lect the education of their children, from whom
they in their turn exact the same kind of obedi-
Females, it is true, iu all countries, are too
much under the dominion of their parents; and
few parents think of addressing their children
in the following maimer, though it is in this rea-
sonable way that Heaven seems to command the
whole human race : It is your interest to obey
me till you can judge for yourself ; and the Al-
mighty Father of all has implanted an affection
in me to serve as a guard to you whilst your rea-
son is unfolding ; but when your mind arrives
at maturity, you must only obey me, or rather
respect my opiuions, so far as they coincide
with the light that is breaking In on your own
A slavish bondage to parents cramps every
faculty of the mind ; and Mr. Locke very judi-
ciously observes that if the mind be curbed
and humbled too much iu children ; if their
spirits be abased and broken much by too strict
a hand over them ; they lose all their vigor and
industry. This strict hand may in some de-
gree, account for the weakness of women, for
girls, from various causes, are more kept down
by their parents, in every sense of the word,
than* boys. The duty expected from them is,
like all the duties arbitrarily imposed on women*
more from a sense of propriety, more out of re
spect for decorum than reason ; and thus taught
slavishly to submit to their parents, they are pre-
pared for the slavery of marriage. I may be
told that a number of women are not slaves in
the marriage state. True, but they then become
tyrants ; for it is not rational freedom, but a
lawless kind of power, resembling the authority
exercised by the favorites of absolute monarchs,
which they obtain by debasing means. I do
not, likewise, dream of insinuating that either
boys or girls arc always slaves, I only insist
that when they are obliged to submit to authori-
ty blindly, their faculties are weakened, and
their tempers rendered imperious or abject. I
also lament that parents, indolently availing
themselves of a supposed privilege, damp the
first faint glimmering of reason, rendering at the
same rime the duty, which they are so anxious
to enforce, an empty name, because they will
not let it rest on the only basis on whioh a duty
can rest securely : for unless it be founded on
knowledge, it cannot gain sufficient strength to
resist the squalls of passion, or the silent sap-
ping of self-love. But it is not the parents who
have given the surest proof of their affection for
their children (or, to speak more properly, who,
by folfilling their duty, have allowed a natural
parental affection to take root in their hearts,
the child of exercised sympathy and reason, mid
not the over- weeping offspring of selfish pride)
who most vehemently insist on their children
submitting to their will, merely because it is
their will. On the contrary, the parent who
sets a good example, patiently lets that example
work ; and it seldom fails to produce its natural
Children cannot be taught too early to submit
to reason, the true definition of that necessity,
which Bonsseau insisted on, without defining
it; for to submit to reason, is to submit to the
nature of things, and to that God who formed
them so, to promote our real interest.
Why should the minds of children he warped
as* they just begin to expand, only to favor the
indolence of parents, who insist on a privilege
without being willing to pay the price fixed by
nature ? I have before had occasion to observe,
that a right always includes a duty, and I think
it may likewise fairly be inferred that they for-
feit the right who do not fulfil the duty.
It is easier, I grant, to command than rea-
son ; but it does not follow from hence, that
children cannot comprehend the reason why
they are made to do certain things habitually;
for from steady adherance to a few simple prin-
ciples of conduct flows that salutary power,
which a judicious parent gradually gains over a
childs mind. And this power becomes strong
indeed, if tempered by an even display of affec-
tion brought home to the childs heart For I
believe, as a general rule, it must be allowed,
that the affection which we inspire always re-
sembles that we cultivate ; so that natural
affections, which have been supposed almost
distinct from reason, may be found more nearly
connected with judgment than is commonly
allo wed. Nay, as another proof of the necessity
of cultivating the female understanding, it is
but just to observe, that the affections seem to
have a kind of animal capricionsness when they
merely reside in the heart.
It is the irregular exercise of parental au-
thority that first injures the mind, and to these
irregularities girls are more subject than boys.
The will of those who never allow their will to
be disputed, unless they happen to be in good
humor, when they relax proportionally, is almost
always'unreasonable. To elude this arbitrary
authority, girls very early learn the lessons
which they afterward practice on their hus-
bands ; for I have frequently seen a ltttle sharp
faced miss role a whole family, excepting that
now and then mammas anger would burst out
of some accidental cloudeither her hair was
ill-dressed,* or she bad lost more money at
cards the night before than she was willing to
own to her husband ; or some such moral cause
After observing sallies of this kind, I have
been led into a melancholy train of reflection
respecting females, concluding that when their
first affection must lead them astray, or make
their duties clash till they rest on mere whims
and customs, little can be expected from them
as they advance in life. How, indeed, can an
instructor remedy this evil ? for to teach them
virtue on any solid principle is to teach them to
despise their parents. Children cannot, ought
not to be taught to make allowance for the faults
of their parents, because every such allowance
weakens the force of reason m their minds, and
makes them still more indulgent to their own.
It is one of the most sublime virtues of matur-
ity that leads us to be severe with respect to
ourselves and forbearing to others; but chil-
dren should only be taught the simple virtues,
for if they begin too early to make allowance
for human passions and manners, they wear off
the fine edge of the criterion by which they
should regulate their own, and become unjust
in the same proportion as they grow indulgent.
The affections of children, and weak people,
are always selfish ; they love others, because
others love them, and not on account of their
virtues. Yet, till esteem and love are blended
together in the first affection, and reason made
the foundation of the first duty, morality will
stumble at the threshold. But, till society is
very differently constituted, parents, I fear, will
still insist on being obeyed, because they will be
obeyed, and constantly endeavor to settle that
power on a Divine right, which will not bear
the investigation of reason.
* I myself heard a little girl once say to a servant,
My mamma has been scolding me finely this morning
because her hair was not dressed to pJease her.
Though this remark was pert it was ,just. And what
respect oould a girl acquire for such a parent, without
doing violence to reason ?
(lo be Continued.)
A Worthy Example.The proprietor'of a large horti-
cultural establishment in one of our cities employs some
thirty girls in his office and packing rooms, besides other
hands. They are allowed the same wages that are paid
to the men for the same character and quality of work.
The owner finds great pleasure inlthus giving profitable
and healthy employment to so many young women, and
in not robbing them of half their earnings because it is
the fashion to treat girls in that way. Some of them have
been with him since they were children, and they all
look to him as a friend and counsellor, and almost as a
father. He watches their interest, temporal and spirit*
ual, occasionally inviting all to his house to spend the
evening, and sometimes giving them a sail on the water.
They are pledged not to marry without his consent, and
he is pledged to finish each with a nice wedding outfit.
In speaking on the subject he said, This is my hobby
my weak spotand I think you have a soft spot of the
Ayesha was the second and most beloved of all Ma-
homets wives, she was the daughter of Abubeker. She
accompanied her husband in all his expeditions. After
his death she made an obstinate opposition to Ali, but
was at length defeated by him in a pitched battle. She
died at Mecca, in the year 677. Her memory is venerated
by the Mussalmen, who gave her the title of Prophetess,
and consider her as one of the four incomparable women
who haVe appeared on earth.
kf * 291
WHAT THE PEOPLE ftAT TO US.
LETTER PROM DUBLIN.THE REVOLUTION.
13 Pim Street, Dublin, Oct. 21st, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
In reading over five New York papers, I was struck
with amazement and delight at the rapid progress you
are making towards the emancipation of women. I find
by the reports therein published, that through the zeai
and indefatigable exertions ot Mrs. Stanton and Miss
Anthony, that a Working Womens Association has been
established. This shows the earnestness of the pro-
moters. You have now laid the ground-work of the De-
volution. It is, as it were, a rock upon which the great
fabric of womans just and inalienable rights is built,
and against which the storm of noisy political tricksters
will never prevail. The Revolution is little more
than eight months in existence, and behold what stu-
pendous changes it has effected I This shows its justifi-
cation, and it also demonstrates the mysterious power
which gives it vitality and success, and that power owes
its existence to the irresistible force of thought and rea-
son, and will eventually lead to a successful issue. All
unprejudiced minds must admit the reasonableness of wo-
men being emancipatedI am sure more so than the black
slaves of the southand they are entitled to equal rights
and equal paywith men, for their very nature itself entitles
them to it; for it must be admitted by every rational man,
that if woman is not superior toman, she is, at least, equal
to him in everything. Woman was not made by the
Creator to be the slave of man, but man makes a slave of
her; and it is a well-known fact that women, in thousands
of cases, are more refined, more capable and more com-
petent to fill many important positions in life than men,
and why, then, shonld they not receive equal pay? There-
fore, I say, on with the good work, on with The Revo-
lution.* Never cease agitating until your labors are
crowned with success. You know that a constant drop
wears a stone. By emancipating woman from her serf-
dom to a moral, social, and political position, you will
at the same time elevate man from his present degraded
and fallen state, and then mans vice will disappear and
the world will be regenerated, and you will immortalize
. yourselves as being the regenerators of mankind.
Wishing you every success in your noble undertaking,
believe me sincerely yonrs, F. T. Bebe.
EXTRACTS OJf LETTER FROM CALIFORNIA.
I have sent your paper to several of our stump
speakers this season, and I find them quoting from it
continually, vhich I have tabooed, unless they subscribe.
The editor of the Auburn Stars and Stripes, a whole-
souled Union man, yesterday came in and said he had not
had time to look over The Revolution. Forthwilhl
placed several of the papers before him, and an hour
after found him plunging into their contents as into a de-
lightfully refreshing bath. He will appreciate the paper,
During a trip lo Lake Tahoe this summer, my liege,
who has been a double-dyed conservative, said, as we
were about starting, put into your satchel some numbers
of The Revolutionthey may do good up there
and, to my surprise, he crammed into his own valise
t j the utter detriment of his fine shirt collarsa package
of Revolutions, Independents, and Standards, for the
enlightenment of the benighted who might be enjoying
the delights of Tahoe.
I could tell you of our grand and glorious ride up the
mountain slopes on the Central Pacific ; I could tell you
of the superb tunnels, and the expensive cuts, and
the fearful looking tressle works on the line of the rail-
road ; of Donner Lake, lying, like a sheet of glass, clear
and transparent below us ; of the wonderful town,
which sprang np almost like Jonahs gourd, at the head
of the Truckee river ; of the river itself, with its crystal
clear waters, and its full splendid leaps over rock and
through ravine, and down craggy slope, and across fallen
logs ; of the huge trees floating down its impetuous
stream ; of the mills running an accompaniment to its
roar; of our ride to Tahoe, exhilarating, breezy, deli-
cious ; of the lake itself, lying in the lap of the Sierras,
and fed from their white breasts ; of the snow and the
crimson coniferous snow-plant; of a thousand beautiful
and fair sights and sounds connected with our trip.
But I meant to tell you how we got along with The
Putting it on the centre-table of the hotel, I sat down
and had the happiness of seeing a rev. gentleman from
your own New York, who has recently taken charge of a
congregation in San Francisco, pick it up, and, with some-
thing of disdain in his countenance, look over its pages
once or twice arrested by its contents, and at last ab-
sorbed. The principal of a large hoarding-school for
girls next looked it over, and then came tbeix discus-
sion of the Womans Suffrage question, both old fogy
on tbe subject, but willing to be enligbtoned, neverthe-
less. Next morning, on the lovely piazza, I had an open
reading of the paper, with quite an audience; and fol-
lowiug, the length and breadth of the question brought up
for fair, earnest, honest talk. I say talk, for the expres-
sions and opinions of all were elicited both for and
against. Most of the visitors were from Sau Francisco
and most then present concluded to subscribe for the
paper. I suppose they have since done so.
One gentleman, particularly, took the ground that wo-
men themselves did more to retard the progress of the
cause of Suffrage for the sex than men, and cited many
inslancees to prove that there was no disposition in
men to avoid a fair hearing, and often mi advocacy
of the subject. But that generally women themselves
were opposed to voting. True, in many instances, but
through ignorance or prejudice or coercion ox laziness
to investigate for themselves; and The Revolution
was the educator of such.
Of conrse, the old arguments came in of womans los-
ing her charming delicacy, of being physically unfitted,
etc., etc., etc., all of which were met and combatted by
paragraphs here and there from different articles in
Do you think Mrs. Stanton endorses all that this paper
puts forth? said a despairing white male, with a
decidedly feminine cast of profile. Oh! no. It you
Will take the pains to read it, you will see so many ar-
guments against Womans Suffrage that I am sure you
will be charmed and (I flatter myself in a decidedl y
lovely and feminine manner) I handed the white male
my last copy. He took it with a sickly smile of resist-
ance. But I saw him reading it.
You can imagine the ins and outs of the. mornings
conversation. But I assure you, there was some new-
ness and life in it, and refieshing awakening; I was
almost going to say a revival on the subject.
Editors of the Revolution :
It is told me every day that a womaus place is
home. Perhaps it maybe. But since compromise
are in vogue, why not compromise with me until I get
home, for at present I am boarding and homeless.
Well, then, last week I visited Mount Vernon, th
home of Mrs. Mary H. Macdonald. Giantess in our
cause 1 May she live long to enjoy her well-earned refu-
tation 1 The Boys iu Blue held a meeting the evening I
was there. The addresses by W. H. Burleigh and th
Rev. W. R. Boole were very eloquent. Some fine cam
paign songs were sung. The whole affair passed o
finely. But I forgot that at the close of the meeting a
subscription was taken to enable the Boys in Blue lo
have a good time on Wednesday night. I can assure you
that for a while greenbacks flew pretty plentifully. The
last dollar, I was told, was given by a democrat who
was a jiquor dealer. I have some hopes of this dem o -
crat, and all that are like him.
I dont believe he ever yet wrote lion. before his
name or M. C. after it. Do you ? Mrs. Macdonald said
she would give five dollars to assist the Boys, but de
dared most emphatically that she would not give one
cent to be spent for whiskey. She was loudly applauded
I do just wish that on next New Years Day there mig
be a Mrs. Macdonald in every house on Fifth Avenue,
and in fact all over the world. Then your sons, or an y-
bodys sons, might call to exchange these annual greet
ings, without injury or danger. Woman make this yo u
motto: My money shall never be spent for Whiskey, n
matter what the occasion may be. You can do without it
Try yoar best to rid the world of such a demon as In
temperance. You will never do it by proffering the
young man that calls on you a glass of wine and urgin
him to drink with you, perhaps for the first time. Mou
Vernon is, indeed, a beautiful village, and will at some
early day stand among the peerless villages of New Y o
State. It is one of those communities that require
Tittle of the central power, and it is a great pity that
little is indispensible ; and that Albany cannot be sim pi
wiped out. Gabafalia Clifton.
An earnest and excellent co-worker in Caliio
nia writes in a private letter as follows :
Yesterday I started out with a petition to the Senat
and House of Representatives to extend suffrage to wo-
men in the District of Columbia, copied from the form
submitted by you in Aug. 13 number of The Revolu
tion. I will circulate as many as possible here an
send to friends earnest for action in other places. *
You are now an acknowledged centre in the glorious work
of womans enfranchisement, and of course considered
authority upon which to act. The masses will not
appreciate our acting from Divine authority, and the as-
sertion is nought at present. I dislike writing to you
without sending at least one subscriber. I have given
or loaned all my Revolutions' to parties that had
never seen it, and hope some of them maybe induced
to take it. I think I oan aid in getting a number of signers,
and animating others to do so. I hope this letter wil^
be no iutrusion on your valuable time ; it is written with
feelings warm towards you, for your noble and UDtiring
efforts In the great cause of the age. The Liberator,
Anti-Slavery Stand rd and Pennsylvania Freeman were
the only papers subscribed for in my fathers house (ex-
cepting daily local) while I was its inmate, and your
names are as household words to me. I am with you
heart and soul in the great work. My husband, also,
deeply and fully feels its vast importance in ushering in
the new era; it will be the dawn of a new day, and a new
peoplethe keystone to the arch of a true republican
governmentto replace our fragmentary one.
PRACTICAL DEBATING SOCIETY.
New Yore. 137 Broadway, Oct. 24, 1868,
Editors of the Revolution ;
It was my pleasure last night to visit the debating
class of the N. Y. Evening High School (lor males) on
13th street. I was agreeably surprised to see the Pro-
fessor write upon the black-board as the question for
discussion Are the mental capabilities of the sexes
Before submitting the subject to them, he said that
this question is one of to-day. He, in common with
others, had given it much thought, and it was his
opinion, formed by daily contact with the youth of
both sexes, that up to a certain age, the difference in
their mental power, if such there is, must be conceded
to be in favor of the female.
If this fact would not hold good at subsequent periods
of life, he argued that the reason must partially be
sought in the existing customs of society, which exer-
cise over the lemale restrictions not imposed upon the
Referring to the enfranchisement of woman, he re-
marked, that it is no longer a subject for the ridicule of
unthinking men, but one that commands the attention
of Ihe foremost minds of the age, many of whom
have unmistakably committed themselves in favor of
it; and not alone the attention of these, said he, has
been arrested, the agitation is extending to the intelli-
gent masses oi working men and women who may soon
demand that the trial be bad'.
In view ot these facts he advised the class to treat the
subject with the liberality and earnestness that its rising
The young men spoke well, especially those on the
affirmative, and a majority of them were on that side.
The negative seemed very reluctant in coming out, and
would, I think, have been totally put to route could
some youthful Miss Dickinson have appeared.
The Revolution was not only complimented, but
was cited and quoted as authority.
You may count, in that institution, several votes for
the cause of Equal Rights.
Yours, A Subscriber.
The great want of this age is women. Women who
are not for sale. Women who are honest, sound from
centre to cir jumleienoe, true to the hearts core. Women
who will condemn wrong in friend or foe, in themselves
as well as in others. Women whose consciences are as
steady as the needle to the pole. Women who will stand
for the right, if the heavens totter, and the earth ree1.
Women who can tell the truth and look the world, the
flesh and the devil right in the eye. Brave women,
who neither brag nor run. Women who neither flag nor
flinch. Women who have courage without whistling for
it, and joy without shouting-to bring it. Women(
in whom the current of everlasting life runs still,
deep, and stron ?. Women who do not strive, nor cry,
nor cause their voices to be heard in the streets, but
who will not fail nor be discouraged till judgment be set
in (be earth. Women who know their message and tell
it. Women who know their duty and do it. Women
who know their place and fill it. Women who are not too
lazy to work, nor too proud to be poor. Women who
are willing to eat what they have earned, and wear what
hey have paid for. A. J K^sa.
WHAT CAME OF READING IT.
Editors of the Revolution :
I have recently met with a curious experience,
and, as it is a result of reading your journal, it
seems to follow naturally that you should be
made aware of it.
First, X ought to tell you who I am. As I
am either snubbedcourteously, of course,
or patronized and petted by Papas friends, I
suppose i must say that I am only a young
lady, andif the unflattering truth must be
told,considered good for nothing better than
to dress expensively, go out constantly, dance
all the time, and help to make Mrs. Dashs and
Madame Chases balls and receptions distingue
Papas favorite way of putting me off, when I
tried to be sensible, was to assure me that I
knew nothing of the Great Questions of the
day, at the same time advising me to devote
my superfluous energies to the ordering of
sweetly, lovely dresses, as Olive Logan ex-
presses it. After which he would chuck me un-
der the chin, as if I were a mere baby, you
know, and go off in his ponderous fashion.
I think that ponderous way men have of go-
ing about their business is something like a
false weight, by the way. It makes them appear
so important! Then again that being chucked
under the chin was a sort of robbing Peter to
pay Paul,was not it?lowering my poor little
atom of budding dignity in order to raise the
crest of his greatness.
As for Augustus, he is one of the best leaders
of the German in the city, is considered quite
an adorable fellow, aristocratic, all-accom-
plished, delightful, and when cur engagement
was announced last Fall, half the girls, and all
the mammas in our set were quite frantic over
his loss. I was really very fond of him, and
although I labored under the extreme disad-
vantage of being a young lady, I began to enter-
tain a good many serious thoughts and self-
questionings, about what sort of a wife I should
make, and how to go to work to make a good
one. Never at Madam Blanks did I have a
more difficult problem to solve. It would not
get itself done! I applied to papa.
Pooh! pooh!' said he, dont bother your
little head with such nonsense, Augustus
wants an elegant, well-bred, well-dressed wo-
man to preside over his establishment. If he
selects you, all you have got to do is to accept
him aud his compliment, together.
But notwithstanding that easy dismissal of
the subject, I felt that Augustus was not being
honorably treated, so I tried to confide to him
some of my serious thoughts, to make him un-
derstand what I wanted to do and be for him.
"Will you believe that he only stared and then
laughed at me, patted me on the head (I am
rather childish in size, and appearance!) and
told me when T became his wife, I
Should sit on a cushion and sew up a seam,
And be feasted on strawberries, sugar, and cream.
I felt my heart swell with indignation at that
trivial treatment of my serious questions, dear
Revolution, but I was not to be put off in
that way. I felt that the fault must some how
rest with myself, after all, and I had not repeat-
edly heard such phrases as womans sphere,
womans mission, .womans influence, without
learning that there is something higher and
better in life, than sitting on cushions, or
dancing the German.
Dont I know that poor little Doras gay and
fascinating accomplishments,, that made David'
so madly in love with her, never helped her to>
be a good wife, nor even kept them happily
blinded to the sad Effistake their loving, mar-
riage had been ?
It would be quite a vain task to attempt to>
tell you the hours of thought I spent over my
problem. I could not see that the case would!
be materially helped by my going to Prof Blots;
lectures, and learning cookery ; or in endeavor-
ing to make my own dresses, and so depriving;
Victorine of her situation; it would sirnpl/
result in the spoiling of much raw material, and
take the well-earned wages from an excellent
Papa continued to treat me with an easy
scorn, not condescending to listen to my opin-
ions, and always reducing me to silence with
the good naturedly contemptuous remark, that
I knew nothing of the Great Questions of the
day. That being true enough, I determined
upon enlightenment. I had observed that the
very ponderous men,the important men,all
read the newspapers, periodicals, and reviews
as if such reading were the end and aim of
their great existences. I determined to read the
newspapers, too, and sent an extensive order to
Brentano. When my package arrived, among
the journals I found a number of The Revo-
lution. It proved a welcome guest, and
thereby hangs a tale.
I read, and it seemed to me that I grew men-
tally. I began to have ideas, to put away the
former childish things in whioh I blushed to
think I had centered my ambitions and delight.
With great humility I thought I was growing
worthiermore womanly. I thought Augustus
would perceive my increase of stature, no longer
treat me as an inferior, pat me on the head, and
serve me to Nursery ballads. Augustus! I
said to him, quite beaming with delight; how*
should you like me to be strong-minded?
Pah ! (excuse me if I ssem rude, dear Re-
volution ) his face was strongly expressive of
disgust. I would rather see you in your cof-
fin, because then I could at least mourn your
I dont credit that! I think, on the con-
trary, you would be proud of me.
He convinced me, however, in strong terms
that he should be most ill-pleased.
But Augustus! I pleaded ; it must be
one of two things. Either your wife must be
strong minded, or else she must be weak-
mindsd, and I am sure a vapid, vacillating wo-
man, with no ideas beyond society forms, dress
and dissipation would not be the life-long com-
panion whom any man of sense could choose.
There is nothing a man of sense dreads so
much as a woman who can argue!
If she is incapable of understanding an ar-
gument she must needs be unreasonable.
Better that than one of your strong-
minded (I must beg your pardon again!)
Dont be rash, Augustus, but let us talk
common sense. (He began to look extremely
uncomfortable, but I was pitiless!) Now, tell
me, dont you, with all your gallant and
knightly sentiments towards woman, desire to
see the franchise extended to her ?
What! and see her defile herpurity in con-
tact with coarse crowds, to have her witness the
bruta! scenes that occur at the polls? Never!
As to that, the ladies of the English nobility
drive to the hustings, wear their favorite colors,
and take no more harm from witnessing its
mobs cheering, hissing and pelting with addled
'eggs, than they take from contact with similar
fcxowds at the Derby.
Augustus regarded me with horror.
Do you actually mean to say that you would
^willingly expose yourself to being hustled, and
< elbowed in a crowd of half intoxicated men ?
' I will tell you what I mean. The suppositi-
'tious hustling Which you make such a point of
can be no wbrse than that which I and every
other woman receive who have occasion to ride
in the over crowded street cars of this city ; nor
can the elbowing and contact of half, and often
wholly, intoxicated men be more offensive inthe
'old 'thread-hare plea! How you men would
-scoff at it,and with reason,if women raised
such a silly, un tenable hue-and-cry! However,
I am willing to concede this,neither at the
polls on election days,' nor in cars and ferry-
boats on every day in the week, do I wish to be
elbowed, or to endure the neighborhood of
men, howsoever slightly intoxicated. But isnt
it just within the limits of possibility to estab-
lish separate polls for the sole use of women,
even as every hotel devotes a suite of parlors,
and every steamer a cabin to their use ?
Augustus, you profess to regard women as
angels, therefore you shouldnt allow yourself
to sneer at them. It isnt consistent!
Pray proceed with your argument. The
next point in order should he the old Revolu-
ary thorn-in-the-flesh, of Taxation without
^PreciselyI was coming to that.
Can you not trust your father and your
.husbands to take care of your interest ?
Certainly we can, to an extent ; doubtless
'we always should rest easy in their care, did
Providence provide that daughters and wives
should die first. But it does not, and that
leaves a need to be met. Suppose the sad mis-
fortune of widowhood should befal me,do you
: not see what an indignity I should then suffer
my hands completely tied, my wealth of great
consequence as being taxable for the benefit of
the state, myself of none at all, as not being a
voter, and having no voice in public affairs.
There would be no refuge for me but to marry
;a mouth piece as fast as possible, and say
:my say,by proxy.
Augustus looked very black, especially at the
last clause in my argument, but he vouchsafed
no reply. He left us very soon, and papa who
had sat silently, to all appearances engrossed in
his Review, looked at me with a cuiious
twinkle in his eyesa sure sign that he is exces-
sively pleased. But he said gravely: I am
. afraid, my butterfly, that you have singed your
The next day a note came from Augustus in
which he expressed regret at the growing in-
compatibility of taste and thought, which he
feared would render a uuion conducive to any-
thing but mutual happiness.
You see what comes of being strong-
minded! was papas sole comment, on read-
Ah! I fear, papa, that in my well meant en-
deavors to grow up to him, I out-grew him al-
together And I cannot see yet, that I was to
blame. As I look at it, papa, the matter I en-
deavored to show him, was no encroachment
upon Mens Rights. If suffrage is one of Wo-
mans Rights, why try to defraud her of it9
The injury men should fear, is in the withold-
ing, not in the yielding. Now, is not that so,
papa? / V.
Dear Revolution, he did not repeat that of-
fensive indignity of patting me on the head, hut
he looked at me with a degree of fatherly pride
and respect in his kind face, that showed me
I had risen above a doll-baby in his esteem. I
am no longer treated like a silly school girl, in-
capable of any higher mental effort than devis-
ing an embroidery pattern or a new style of
trimmiug for a ball-dress.
Papa never says much, it isnt his way, but
every Saturday night I find the latest number
of The Revolution on the library table,
from which I understand that he gives my
recent course his approval.
One word more! Never have I felt so self-
respectful as in these weeks that have followed
that epoch in my career, in which I was what
the world call jilted, and all because of those
Revolutionary ideas which you are sowing
broad cast through the land. This is only one
of the results. Whenever I hear of more, I
shall be sure to report them, if I find that you
treat my confidences encouragingly.
Meanwhile Iremain with the greatest respect,
THE LECTURING FIELD,
LETTER FROM MRS. BRINKERHOFF.
Altona, 111., Oct 17th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
Were it not for the false education that the
people have received from political demagogues
and their organs, political papers, not a work-
ingman, after reading The Revolution,
would refuse to subscribe for it, unless the
want of a spare two dollars prevented.
In Monmouth, I .obtained over thirty sub-
scribers, and many more expressed their deter-
mination to take the paper as soon as possible.
My first week in the place was spent with a
Mrs. Stephens, formerly from Peterboro,
New York. Peterboro and Gerrit Smith have
always been with me synonymous terms,
and meeting this family strengthened this pe-
culiar impression. Their radical ideas upon
Slavery, Womans Rights, and every question
pertaining to the good and happiness of man-
kindthe charity and love that they in every
word and action manifested for all earths chil-
dren reminded me of Mrs. Stantons descrip-
tion of the character of Gerrit Smith. Mrs.
Stephens told me of hearing the first anti-
slavery lectures ever given in the country, of
the division the agitation of the question made
in the church at Peterborosaid the first
essay she ever heard upon Womans Rights was
read by Mrs. Stanton before a ladies' sewing
circle in that little town.
I met here J. S. Loveland, speaker fox the
Liberals. Many of your subscribers in the east
and in the west are familiar with the name.
He is a man of most extensive knowledge and
comprehensive views upon all great questions.
The theory of greenbacks for money is not new
to him. He pronounced The Revolution
the soundest politicai paper published in the
world. He thinks the question of capital and
labor as discussed in it the foundation of every
other reform, and that the enfranchisement of
woman is a part of it. You say that Train neither
lies, steals, swears, drinks, smokes or chews
neither does Mr. Loveland.
When in Galesburg, some six weeks ago, I
called upon J. P. Weston, President of Lom-
bard College, to interest him in the paper. After
an interesting chat of an hour or two upon wo-
mans sphere, Train, The Revolution, etc.,
he concluded to become a subscriber. He said
he believed God had designed the sexes for
different spheres of action, but that woman,
like everything else in the animal world, would,
if left free, find her own spherethat she needed
no special legislation to keep her there. But
he said there wa3 one feature of this movement
that had always prejudiced him against it, and
that was the tendency on the part of the women
who advocated it to scoldsaid if there was one
thing he disliked more than all others, it was to
hear women scolding men about their rights.
I told him it was my opinion, if there should
be a law passed disfranchising all literary men,
college professors and ministers included, we
should hear louder and more vehement scold-
ing than had ever come from our veteran Wo-
mans Rights women. I reminded him that it
was for the ballot that men fought (and scolded)
eight years. I told him when I considered the
wrongs that woman had endured, I wondered
she had scolded as little as she had. I also met
Prof. Standish and lady, of the same college,
and found them devoted disciples of Herbert
Spencer and John Stuart Mill, and of course
earnest friends to the cause of woman. Prof.
Standish referred us to Mr. Gale, a wealthy
neighbor of his, a member of Dr. Beechers
churchsaid he was a radical republican, and
would be liable to take the paper.
Meeting Mr. Gale, and making my business
known, he inquired about the politics of The
Revolution if politically it agreed with the
Independent, etc. I told him the difference be-
tween the papers was, the Independent supported
the republican party, and The Revolution
supported no party.
After a brief but spirited conversation in
which he claimed The Revolution favored
the democrats, because of the editors associa-
tion with Train, Miss Anthonys visit to the
Democratic Convention, and more than all, the
testimony of the republican papers, and failing
to convince him to the contrary by trying to
show him the difference between principles and
men, he remarked that Train had injured the
cause of woman more than all of its enemies
combined had ever done ; asserted he was a man
of no principle or stability, and that he iojured
any cause he espoused. Bat when I told him
that Train furnished the money to publish The
Revolution, he abruptly remarkedI will re-
call all I have said. If- Train has done so sensible
a thing as to furnish means to aid in the publica-
tion of such a paper, I will say nothing more
against him. After thus indirectly expressing
his opinion of The Revolution, he decided,
however, he would upt himself aid, not even
by one years subscription, a sheet that was so
democratic in its tendencies.
When in Galesburg the last time, I met Mr.
Anthony, a young man of wealth, intelligence
and rare common sense, who subscribed for the
paper, on my previous visit there. Asking him
how he liked The Revolution, he replied,
very much, indeed; such a Revolution as it
proposes to make, the world very much needs.
Such is the testimony of nearly every sub-
scriber whose opinion I have obtained. Bless-
ings and many wishes for its success come from
the Ups of nearly every man and woman who
I also met Dr. Beecher on my last vi:.it to
Galesburg. Of his opinions about the parties,
upon finance, and The Revolution I will
tell you another time.
I spoke in this place Thursday night to a
vrowded bouse. At the close of the lecture
took a rising vote on the question, and a large
number of both men and women rose to their
Yours, for universal freedom,
Mattie H. Bhinkerhoit.
Bravo for Train!! ! Insane did you say?
Yes, maam! as crazy on the woman question
as a Bedlamite. That's what the matter is, is
it? On the woman question! May the Lord
send us more just such stark, staring mad men
is the prater of yours truly. When a man pre-
sents to the world an unanswerable problem
when he throws a bomb into the very midst
of a fashionably rotten society, causing the
foundations thereof to tumble, the indignantly
detected howl out crazy fanatical mo-
nomaniacal. This is natural and to the point.
Our pioneers have all been mad men and mad
women, according to the popular verdict. Who-
ever from conscientious motiveslove of hu-
manitydesire to benefit their fellow-creatures,
determined to walk outside of the be?ten track
but were dubbed inconsistent and crazy! In
this respect, then, very many of the first mascu-
line minds in the country are becoming un-
hinged. Hurry up, gentlemen, we need more
mad men of the Train stripe, more crazy men
to put their hands in their pockets to help raise
the down-trodden, and emancipate the millions
of wretched women, whose bondage is quite as
much of a curse to them, as that of the black
slaves so recently unshackled. Come on, then!
only have Mr. Trains method in your madness,
and we will welcome a host of you.
Now for the Facts promised last week*
Facts which, in gathering, have made my heart
ache. It is one thing- to sit in ones com-
fortable drawingroom or library, and read news-
paper accounts of suffering families, driven to
destitution by rum, bad company or ill luckbut
it is quite another when one visit" these dens of
misery and contemplates the appalling features
face to face. A friend asks, Whats the use
of harrowing up one's soul with the sight of so
much destitution, when it is not in ones power
to relieve it ? I will tell you all why. To place
these Facts before the public, in order that they
may fully comprehend the dire necessities of a
part, and a very large part, too, of the inhabi-
tants of New York and Brooklyn. Passing
down Broadway, after a critical examination of
garments made by the women of Gothamtheir
pricesand the cost of material, I met two
young girls, each with a large bundle of work.
Determined, now that I had put my shoulder to
the wheel, to perfectly understand the complica-
tions of trade, I accosted them. Girls, excuse
me! but what sort of work have you there ?
Shirts, maam, one of them replied respect-
fully. I then explained that it was from no
motives of idle curiosity that I made these in-
quiries, and would they inform me how much
they received for their labor ?
One dollar a dozen for check shirts maam,
and fifty cents for drawers,
How many can you make in a day ?
Sometimes a dozen, but not often. There
are a great many stitches in a dozen shirts.
Is there nothing you can do to obtain bet-
ter pay without working so hard?
Oh 1 no maam. They had tried, and some
houses did not pay so well as that even. Thank-
ing them, I immediately proceeded to the es-
t ab lishment where these shirts were given out'
Huge piles of the same checked stuff laid upon
the counter, already for mens wear.
Allow me to look at this kind of shirt. How
much a dozen ? examining them with the skill
of a connoisseur.
Ten to twelve dollars, according to the size.
I was not able to get at the cost of the ma-
terial per yard, but it was as coarse as a fabric
could well be and hang together. Coming out,
I met a poor half-starved lookiug girl, with a
monstrous bundle, more than her little arms
could carry, weeping bitterly.
What is the matter ? I inquired.
n Oli! said she sobbing, I have all these
shirts to take home, and the button-holes to
work over again. You see, mother is sick-
a-bed, and we needed tbe money so much that
she made the button holes. I know they did
nob look very well, but hoped they wouldnt
notice it How can 1 go home to my mother
and little sister?
Wait a bit, said I. I will go the office
and demand a part of your money.
Not for the world, she replied, tremblingly,
they would never give me another shirt to
make, and then, what should we do ?
I looked at the shivering girl, shivering with
cold as well as distress, and wondered what a
host of just such young girls would be tempted
to do before the winter was out*
Have you no money, dear?
Not a cent
Have you no father?
No, 1 hope not, was the decided reply.
He died in the hospital last winter, after ruin-
ing my mother, and making a cripple of my
These were victims to a mans fiendishness.
Another woman abused, dishonored, made an
invalid for life. Oh! Father, what shall we do
with all this ? How rouse a slumbering com-
munity to tbe distress in their midst? How
make women understand that the time has
come for them to lay aside their silks and vel-
vets, and go down to these abodes of wretched-
sess. Throw away Fiction, and come with me
to Facts. One dollar for making a dozen
shirts! Think of it! and then draw your rich
robes a little more closely around you, and de-
clare, if you can, that women have rights
enough. Nine tenths of the misery I have wit-
nessed can be traced to unhappy marriages, and
the power custom and the laws of the land give
a man to abuse his wife and family. You
mothers, who purchase your little boys suits
from our fashionable clothing emporiums, pay-
ing all the way from sixteen to twenty-five dol-
lars, know you that one dollar is considered a
good price for the entire making, and as the
material is retailed, from one dollar to fourteen
shillings per yard, you can form some idea of
the immense profit realized. If mothers would
only consent to purchase the cloth for garments,
and employ these ^poor girls who manufacture
the same articles for the stores, to oome to. their
houses, they would not only be able to give an
equivalent for honest labor, but save money
themselves. Too much trouble, do you say.
Too much trouble! to be the means of res-
cuing from prostitution and the grave even one
suffering sister Women of America! wake
up! your lethargy is criminal! It is by your
individual efforts that vice and its attendant hor-
rors, must be frowned down. It is by your
sympathy, courage, energy and determination
that the goal must be reached. The wheel is a
ponderous one, and how my soul longs lor the
first revolution/ In the meantime, the weather
is growing cold. Chilly winds howl around.
Winter is almost upon us! and as my work
seems to lie among the destitute and down-trod-
den, how many will step forward and see that
I have it in my power to temporarilv relieve the
misery I am thrown among? God send me
some noble hearts. Eleanor
TO WOMEN WHO DO NOT -WISH TO
Why is it, my dear friends, that you are averse
to possessing the ballot ? Have you so little
confidence in your virtue and firmness that you
are afraid it will inj are you ? If so, why do you
trust yourselves in crowded horse-cars where
there are always more or less evil-minded men ?
Why do you go to the great mass-meetings,
where you are crowded almost to suffocation, and
wave your handkerchiefs, and join in the cheer-
ing ? Why do you parade on Broadway to show
yourselves and your fine clothes, making your-
selves as conspicuous as possible, by dressing in
fashions uncomfortable and unbecoming, if you
feel .that you are too choice to assist in obtain,
ing good rulers for our country? If you should
go to the ballot-box, even if there was a crowd
of Tough people there, you would have the sat-
isfaction of knowing that you had an object in
going there, and a most worthy object too ; but
when you go in other crowded places, you can-
not boast of so good a reason for doing so. I
cannot believe it is modesty that keeps you
from joining with us on the subject of suffrage,
for you go to balls mid parties in full dress,
and waltz half the night perhaps, with a man
who is likely a more dangerous companion than
one in rough clothes and with rough speech.
When I see you doing such things as these, I
cant believe that modesty is the cause of your
aversion to the ballot. Perhaps you think you
are not capable, do not know enough. You
must have a very poor opinion of yourselves, if
you think the half-witted drunken man knows
more than you do. He votes every year, some-
times for one party and sometimes for the other,
always for the one who will pay him most. But
it you do not know enough, do you suppose you
could ever learn enough if you should really try?
Perhaps you might. I advise you to try it. at
least, if for nothing more than curiosity, of
which women are said to have a large share.
Perhaps you think you cant attend to it! cant
spend time to vote, etc. You are, indeed, slaves
if that is the case, and something ought to be
done immediately to liberate you. The men
get time enough to vote! all classes or men, the
farmer, the mechanic, the literary man, the busi-
ness man, and even the editors. Bow hard and
steadily you must nave to work! something
surely ought to be done for your relief. Cant
leave home long enough to vote! I hardly be.
lieve you are so closely confined as that. I think
if you will consider the matter, you will find
there ifc plenty of time twice a year for you to
leave your homes an hour or so. Think of it, at
least, and see if you cannot arrange things so as
to get a little time election days, for when we
possess the ballot, as we shall shortly, we want
you all to have your work done up so that
you can use it. Perhaps you think women
should not take part inpolitics. I dont believe
you are competent enough to say that. No one
is fit for a judge until he has made himself
acquainted with the oase he is to deoide on.
Therefore, perhaps it would be well for you to
study the matter carefully, to acquaint your-*
ISbe gmlutUtt. . 295
selves with the meaning and use of politics, and
then you may be ready to tell us why women
should not take part in the governing of their
country. Look into this matter, I beg of you;
study it carefully with a determination to under-
stand it. Throw away all prejudice, as you
must surely do in order to judge reasonably,
and then if you say you have no right to the
ballot, that men must make all the laws, and
you must abide by them, that you are inferior
and incapable, and have no business with poli-
tics, then we will listen to your objections with
patience, but until then we cannot accept you
as reasonable opponents. Julia Crouch.
WOMAN'S EQ UA III Y,
Editors of the Revolution :
In common with the majority of my own, and
with at least a very respectable minority of the
opposite sex, I have, hitherto, been unwilling
to admit the entire social and political equality
of woman, because I did not see then, as I do
now, the absolute necessity of it, at least in this
country. The train of reasoning, however,
which led me to maintain views, almost diamet-
rically opposite to those I held formerly, I have
as yet not met among the argumentations in
favor of Womans Equality. Persuaded, never-
theless, that I am correct in my reasoning and
conclusions, on this topic, yon will pardon my
obtruding them upon your notice.
There is an old saying : That no malady is
ever endemic in any country for which Di-
vine Providence has not provided a sufficient
remedy in that country itself. There is, no
doubt, much truth in that saying ; and any-
thing that may be urged against it may be
charged to the ignorance of the so called Reg-
ular Physicians, whose Materia Medica admits
only that which comes #c cathedra, and who are
taught to look with a pretending air of scientific
contempt on what are termed Popular remedies.
The truth of this is equally applicable to the
social and moral endemic maladies of this
country. One of them is Extravagance, twin
sister to superficiality; and female extravagance,
the mother of many endemic vices. Is it not
true that Female Equality is the only remedy
against female extravagance, and is it not an
evident Providence that stired up the demand
for Female Equality in this country which
stands the most in need of it ? Elsewhere so-
ciety is classified, and from time immemorial,
its distinct demarcations stood there as so
many checks against the vice of extravagance.
The genius of this country is intolerant to
classifying its population. Money is here the
social leveler, and hence is the supreme object
of alL I am not disposed to complain against
it. It is necessary, for our present transition-
ary epoch of Materialism, the instrumentality
which God is employing for the subversion of
the tyranny of blood aristocracy and slavery.
Bat the time must and will come, when the
higher attainments of human nature, will be
more appreciated and sought after, than they
are now. But in the meantime, money is the
rage, and principally for that which it can ob-
tain, show, luxury, and standing in society.
Any one who has been abroad in the world
knows that the women of this country are the
most extravagant of all the world. And as long
as they are not allowed perfect equality with
men, they have a right to be so. Where else
shall the native force and peculiar nervous ac-
tivity of the women of tins country expend
itself ? Why should they not spend, nay even
lavishingly, the substance of those who deny
them all human rights except that of being the
pampered slaves of their luxury ? Shall I blame
that been American young lady for dressing so
showily and expensively? No! Her keenness
hods this the only outlet. Shall I blame her
for flirting with half a dozen, foppish thread,
needles, and tape selling young clerks, and
turning their empty heads crazy with her own
oharms, or with those sh9 manufactured from
the very materials they sold her ? No She has
a righhfc to fool the domineering fools who en-
slave her. Shall I blame her for not marrying
from pure affection ? Shall I blame her for cal-
culating upon him who has, or can procure for
her, the most of show and luxury? No! Her
mother was so, and like begets like, and will do
so indefinitely, unless a heaithy reformation
take place. As long as we do not earn money
with our own hands and brains, we do not realize
the labor of it, nor appreciate its true value,
and only expend it thoughtlessly. Industry is
the mother of frugality, and the only promoter
of mental activity and moral elevation. Give
women Opportunities of filling those private
and public offices, for which they are as well,
and sometimes even better fitted than the other
sex, and their extravagance will cease. They
will soon find out, that the office or workshop is
no place for silk robes, costly mantilas, shawls,
etc. They will soon find out the greater pleas-
ure of providing for ones self; and although
they will then have less leisure, they will learn
better to improve their minds, than they do
now, with abundance of time for more novel
reading. Let women be independent of the
necessity of marrying for a mere home, and they
will marry from affection and choice, and their
children will be like them, and their childrens
children still better.
Again, as to tbe regulating of The Social
Evil, prostitution. This is always proportion-
ately on the increase, where female extrava-
gance, fostered by foolish parents and perverted
social notions, prevent the freq uency of mar-
riage. Many a quack, particularly of the pri-
tistic sort, bas offered a remedy against that
evil. Many a one assigned the cause of it to
seduction and treachery. But I am persuaded
it is not so. In nine cases out of ten, the true
cause was and is, the love of fineries and easy
living, and the discouraging prospects' of a
woman seeking labor and finding it only at
starving wages. We all know how little all the
laudable efforts for the reformation of fallen
women have availed, or indeed can avail. No!
The Reformation must begin with the male sin-
ner. Let him not monopolize all the avenues
of decent livelihood, let him accord equality to
woman, and she will soon cease to be extrav-
agant and profligate in consequence. Grant
Female Equality first, and then, and then only,
will you, pseudo reformers, have a right to de-
mand the reformation of the fallen woman.
Give your own wives social and political equali-
ty with yourselves, and then, and then only,
can you demand and expect that they will not
be extravagant; and then too, will nob that
poor girl seek to ape your wives, at the horrid
price of prostituting herself, perhaps to your-
selves, or to your fellow-3inners.
I may be wrong, but till I am persuaded to
the contrary, I must hold Female Equality as
the only remedy against Female Extravagance
and The Social Evil. Da. E. Lth.
For eleven years, the papers say, Florence
Nighting'ale has not left' lie* room,
homes, and how to get them.
Congress passed an act in 1862 giving 160 acres of
land to every head of a family who oecomes an actual
settler and makes application for it, under the home-
stead law, and pays the fees, which amount to about ten
cents an acre, or $16 for 160 acres of land. Also minors,
who have served fourteen days in the army or navy of
the United States, either regular or volunteer, duriug
actual war, domestic or foreign, have the same right to
enter a quarter section of land as have heads of families,
by paying the fees. But how very few avail themselves
of this opportunity to obtain a homestead under the
Homestead law, which may be repealed at any time!
But the people who need them do nob try to obtain
Having in my business observed the danger of capital-
ists, in this country or in Europe, controlling all the
best of these government lands, I have advertised the
Homestead law quite extensively, and made an effort to
assist poor people to avail themselves of it. But my ex-
perience is, that all such people act like children. They
want you to pay their expenses out to the land, and hunt
it up for them, and each one wants the best location,
near a village, schools, churches, stores, and millsnot
stopping to think that all these things have to be made
by the homsteaders, because all the land near villages
has already been taken up.
But it is a very easy thing to do. Any men or women
in this country, in good health, who can work, can soon
obtain a homestead of 160 acres of good land if they try,
and this is the way to do it: viz., live on less than you earn.
If you earn $1 a day, live on 90 centsthat will be 10
cents saved each day, which will make, in 160 days, $16,
just enough to pay for a homestead of 160 acres, or 80
days will buy an 80 acre homestead, or 40 days will pur-
chase a 40 acre homestead. This is better than to have
the land given for nothing, because gifts are not often
appreciated, and things that cost nothing are generally
valued at nothing, Besides, it is very important to form
the habit of saving a little, instead of spending more than
our income, as many of ns do. Saving briogs happiness
spending brings misery.
Then let ten families combine, and select oue to go
forward and locate the ten homesteads, while the others
are at work, earning more money to build their cabins
with. Ten is enough. Teu can harmonize, twenty will
quarrel. Small beginnings are the safest and best,
and when the cabins are built, the land is worth
double what it was before, and when a few acres
on each farm have been improved, it is doubled in
value again, and so on until it is worth $100 an aciO, or
$16,000. This can be accomplished more speedily in
proportion as you abstain from the vulgarities of life. By
abstinence from the use of alcoholic liquorsthey are
poisons to the blood, and the cause of nine-tenths of all
the crimes committed in the land. Tobacco, which gen-
erally injures the health, swearing, which is forbidden
by the commandments, and gambling, which ruius the
gambler. Let them set up a high standard to start with.
Aim high in religion ; get the best, not sectarian or
tinctured with ismsthat kind of religion which visits
the widow and orphan in distress, and will keep you nn*
spotted from the world. Religion is a good thing to
keep in the house, to keep the devil out. Build a
church, a good one, the best in the country, and have
the best preacher, and the shortest sermons. Have the
best school house and the besi teacher, and remember
that education lies at the foundation of a useful life.
Have a co-operative store, and the best blacksmith, the
best tailor and shoemaker, etc., etc. Never purchase
away from home anything that you can manufacture at
home. Keep out of debt owe no man anything/* as
the Biole says, and you will have no use for lawyers ;
they live on other people's quarrels and misfortunes.
Don't get excited, and work too much, and get sick
Be industrious and orderly. Do something every
day. Eight hours' work with the hands, one hour
with the head, and one hour for amusement in
the evening, will keep you healthy, and you will
not need a doctor. Have no tavern for loungers,
but be hospitable. Let every house have a vacant
room for the stranger, and let the visitor know he is
Put your houses 100 feet back from the road, and have
flower gardens and trees in front. Have the best roads,
and soon other people will be attracted to your village,
you will have village lots for sale, and people will
buy them, and give you $100 for each, more or less, which
is $1,200 an acre, or $132,000 for 160 acres, which cost
only $16. This can all he accomplished in one place as
well os another, if people will only try to do it.
B. Franklin Clark.
1 Park Place, New York, Nov,( 1868,
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER P1LLSBURT, f lfcaitow*
SUSAN B ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, NOVEMBER 12, 1868.
THE DIGNITY OF THE BALLOT
There is a majestic and solemn beauty in the thought
that in every portion of this wide nation the American
citizen goes up to the polls and registers his will. The
unity, the harmony, the sincerity oi this duty has some-
thing awful in its very vastness. Rich and poor, old and
young, native and foreign,' all unito in this mission.
From Maine to Oregonm the freezing regions of Min-
nesota as well as upon the sunny shores of the Gulf
but one sentiment animates every breast. The ballots
Fall as silently
As snowy-flakes upon the sod,
And execute the freemans will
As lightning does the will of God.
Tribune, Nov. 8d.
There is something very sad and humiliating
in the idea that in every portion of this wide
nation one-half of our native born American
citizens are shut out from the polls, and denied
the right to register their will.
The partial, arbitrary, one-sidedness in the
exercise of this duty has something awful in the
vastness of its degradation and demoralization. ;
Rich and poor, old and young, native and for-
eign (all except women, the most intelligent
and virtuous class in the nation) unite in this
From Maine to Oregonin the freezing re-
gions of Minnesota, as well as upon the sunny
shores of the Gulfbut one spirit of selfish-
ness and despotism animates every male breast
in denying to the women of the republic all
aid or will in the government. While the bal-
lots of millions
Fall as silently
As snow-flakes fall upon the sod,
And execute the f reemans will
As lightning does the will of God,
the ballots of other millions ere not permitted
tn fall at all.
Although woman may not execute her own
will by a vote, she may enjoy the privilege of
being executed by the vote of another.
The above is a sample of the way in which
all our city journals talked of the dignity and
responsibility of the ballot on election day, and
yet whenever woman makes her demand to
share in this vast and awful duty, the tone
changes ; then we hear of nothing but the degra-
dation of going to the polls, the muddy pool
of politics, the demoralization of public life,
the exaltation of woman's present sphere,
thrust as she is outside the pale of political con-
What thinking man can talk of coming dovm
into the arena of politics ? If we need purity,
honor, self-sacrifice and devotion anywhere, we
need them in those who have in their keep-
ing the life and prosperity of a nation. In the
enfranchisement of woman, in lifting her up
into this broader sphere, we see for her new
honor and dignity, more liberal, exalted and en-
lightened views of life, its object, ends and aims,
and an entire revolution in the new world of in-
terest and action where she is soon to play her
part. And in saying this, I do not claim that
woman is better than man, but that the sexes
have a civilizing power on each other. The dis-
tinguished historian, Henry Thomas Buckle,
The turn of thought of women, their habits of mind^
their conversation, invariably extending over the whole
surface of society, and frequently penetrating its in-
timate structure, have, more than all other things put to.
gether, tended to raise us into an ideal world, and lift us
trom the dust into which we are too prone to grovel.
And this will be her influence in exalting and
purifying the world of politics. When woman
understands the momentous interests that de-
pend on the ballot, she will make it her first
duty to educate every American boy and girl
into the idea that to vote is the most sacred act
of citizenshipa religions duty not to be dis-
charged thoughtlessly, selfishly or corruptly ;
but conscientiously, remembering that, in a re-
publican government, to every citizen is en_
trusted the interests of the nation. Would
you fully estimate the responsibility of the bal-
lot, think of it as the great regulating power of
a continent, of all our interests, political, com-
mercial, religious, educational, social and sani-
To many minds, this claim for the ballot sug-
gests nothing more than a rough polling-booth
where coarse, drunken men, elbowing each other,
wade knee-deep in mud to drop a little piece of
paper two inches long into a boxsimply this
and nothing more. The poet Wordsworth,
showing the blank materialism of those who see
only with their outer eyes, says of his Peter
A primrose on file rivers brim
A yellow primrose was to him.
And it was nothing more.
So our political Peter Bells see the rough
polling-booth, in this great right of citizen-
ship, and nothing more. In this act, so lightly
esteemed by the mere materialist, behold the
realization of that great idea struggled for in
the ages and proclaimed by the Fathers, the right
of self-government. That little piece of paper
dropped in a box is a symbol of equality, of
citizenship, of wealth, virtue, education, selt-
protection, dignity, independence and power
the mightiest engine yet placed in the hand t>f
man for. the uprooting of ignorance, tyranny,
superstition, the overturning of thrones, altars,
kings, popes, despotisms, monarchies and em-
e. c. s.'
FREE CHURCHES FOR FREE AMERICA.
It is time the attention of the people was
drawn to the present system of pew-rental in
churches, which virtually excludes those to
whom the Great Founder of the church himself
Some churches recognizing this fact, are at-
tempting, by the erection of mission-chapels,
and the conduct of mission schools, to reach the
benighted classes around them. But there are
many, not depraved and outcast, but simply
poor, whom this means can never benefit.
To dole out tbe Gospel as charity, to have
one church for the rich and another for the
poor, will make failures of both. Where, if not
inside a Temple erected to Him in whose eyes
all are equal, shall one look for freedom from
the bondage of social and class distinctions ?
The Providence Journal states that the friends
of a free gospel in that city are attempting a
practial answer to the question, What have we
in view in building churches and supporting a
gospel ministry ? They propose to purchase a
church edifice, well adapted to the purpose,
and convert it into a Free church. Of the sum
required for this purpose, fifty thousand dollars,
we are informed that three-fifths have already
been subscribed, and there is little doubt that
tiie enterprise will speedily be pushed to a suc-
cessful issue. The plan is one that appeals to
the liberality of all Christian men, and especi-
ally to all who feel an interest in the vindica-
tion of a most important principle. Those
most directly pledged to the success of the ex-
periment have made great sacrifices to carry it
-through. It is to be hoped that none outside
of their own circle, to whom an appeal may be
made, will be indifferent to it.
THE BOSTON WOMAN*S SUFFRAGE
We are very glad to see by the call we pub-
lished last week that the thoughtful men and
women of New England are going to have a
little private convention of their own to organ-
ize an Association to advocate Womans Suffrage.
We have been trying for several years to rouse
the forty women of New England, whose names
are always appended to the call for anti-slavery
festivals, to a sense of their own rights and
wrongs. Seeing that black men vote, make laws,
sit on the judges bench and in the jurors box
in the State of Massachusetts, we felt the time
had come for them to make some demands for
their own sex, but thus far they have resisted all
human persuasions, and felt, as is natural, a
kind of Christian vexation with those who were
continually disturbing their slumbers. Alexan-
der the Great was always indignant at the valet
he instructed to wake him at a certain hour in
the morning. People never like those who dis-
turb their peace and self-complacency, hence
the transient feeling of vexation that the New
England women feel with the editors and pro-
prietor of The Revolution is not at all cen-
surable, but strictly human and philosophical.
Seeing thatBoston is-the hub of the universe,
one might think they were rather late in moving
on this question, after all the rest of the world
are wide awake, and women have their organ-
ized Associations for demanding political rights
in every civilized nation on the globe. But
although late in moving there are several new
features in this New England Convention.
In the first place, from the Biblical tone of
the call, with the reverend and highly literary
names appended thereto, it is evident that this
is intended to be a very religiously conservative
and aristocratic convention, drawn from the v(ery
cream of society, with all the tag, rag and bob-
tail, the publicans and sinners, left out.
Then they propose that in future the work
shall be carried on in a wise, systematic and
How this is to be done, we do not know, as
one of their shining lights, Caroline H. Dali, in-
sists that woman shall have done declaiming.
As these women have thus far waited the mov-
ing of the spirit, perhaps their convention is to
be conducted on the Quaker plan, and the
few thoughtful men and'women of New Eng-
land are to sit in solemn silence through the
dark days of the 18th and 19th of November.
We are the more inclined to this belief from
the fact that the names Of no such disturbers
of the public peace as Garrison, Phillips, Ste-
phen and Abby Foster, Charles Burleigh or
Henry C. Wright appear in any list we have
seen appended to the call for the convention,
and no cards of invitation have been sent to Mr.
Pillsbury, one of the thoughtful men of New
England, nor Mrs. Ernestine L. Ecse, earlies
in the field, nor to Susan B. Anthony, through
whose heroic efforts the New York code of laws
for women has been entirely remodelled. We,
being of a more mild and plastic character, and,
like Gen. Grant, not given to much speaking,
in spite of our democratic tendencies, were
duly invited. Through friends in New England
we have since understood that there was much
cogitation over our antecedents, rank and posi-
tion before our invitation was finally issued. 11
was conceded that in point of family, education
aud good breeding we were worthy to sit in the
convention, but it was feared that inviting us
would be endorsing Seymour, Blair, Tammany,
theN. Y. World and The Revolution. Never-
theless, after hanging by the eyelids for days, we
(in the meantime ignorant of all that was going
on behind the scenes) were at last formally in-
invited, in a most cordial, and, financially speak-
ing, most desirable manner, with promise to pay
our expenses for travel, food and rest* during all
the sleeping and waking hours of these two
eventful days. Accordingly we accepted the in-
vitation and begun to plan the threads of our
discourse, aud the fitting bonnet, cloak and
dress for this august occasion (for these inno-
cent vanities will creep into the souls of the
most strong-minded), and we were already in
imagination discussing the problem of womans
future with the thoughtful men and women of
New England, when lo! like the milkmaid
in the fable, our visions of glory were all sud-
denly dashed to the ground ; for in an evil mo-
ment the committee repented themselves, and
we were duly informed that the invitation was
Now this is a great grief to us, because we
hoped to learn by personal observation in a Bos-
ton convention the wise, systematic and effi-
cient way of advocating Womans Suffrage.
The work has heretofore been carried on by
such agitation as discussion, petitions, conven-
tions, tracts and newspapers could effect. In New
York, whether the work has been done wisely
or not, the object has been gained, so that all
woman now asks in this State is the right of
Suffrage. In France, England and Switzerland
women have written, spoken, petitioned in the
same way we have. In England and Vineland
women have actually seized the bull by the
horns, registered their names, gone to the polls
and voted. Now, in what new way Boston pro-
poses to do the work we have yet to see, but we
think it is cruel to have it so privately done
that the world shall be none the wiser. There
was much talk during the war of shutting New
England out in the cold ; and although it was
never done, she now revenges herself by shutting
out all the world beside. e. c. s.
Nebraska Democracy.The Nebraska City
News thus defines its position :
We have long con fcemplated defining the position of
the News upon one important question. We to-day do
so in very short terms: The Nebraska City News is
In tavor of extending the right to vote to all the white
women in America. To even off and counterbalance the
enormous number of votes that the Radicals have re-
cently invited to the ballot-box from the ignorant ne-
groes, weas democrats, and men with mothers, wives
and sistersmust demand the franchise for the pare and
intelligent women of the United States. The amend-
ment of the Constitution of the State of Nebraska to this
end should be sought for at once. A radical Congress
and a rotten, irresponsible Legislature imposed, unlaw-
fully, negro suffrage upon this people, Now let the peo-
ple, at onoe proceed to secure the franchise for the wo-
men. Democrats love women. Radicals love niggers.
The latter vote in Nebraska, and we say their superiors,
the women, must vote too.
ANNA E. DICKINSON IN COOPER
On Thursday evening of last week Anna E.
Dickinson gave .a lecture for the benefit of the
Workingwomens Association of this city ;
Susan B. Anthony, President pro tem. of the
Association, in the chair. Before introducing
the Lecturer, the president stated that not only
had Miss Dickinson freely volunteered her ad-
dress, but that Mr. Peter Cooper had generously
given the use of the Hall for its delivery, the
daily newspapers of the city had advertised it
gratuitously, the stationers had furnished the
tickets at half price, Messrs. Stein way and
Sons had loaned* the Grand Piano for the
occasion, Mr. Pond, the music-dealer, had fur-
nished the sheet music, and Miss Johnston had
kindly consented to perform it.
The Hall of Cooper Union was never lighted
up to better purpose than on that evening.
Every available spot was occupied and we saw-
persons eagerly calling for tickets when told
that they could only have standing room and
not much of that. The lateness of Misa
Dickinsons arrival prevented the carrying out
of the musical part of the programme, but be-
fore the lecture, Miss Johnston sang the follow-
ing with most admirable effect, accompanied by-
Mr. Pettit on the Piano :
Out in the gloomy night, sadly I roam,
I have no mother dear, no pleasant home;
Nobody cares for meno one would cry,
, Even if poor little Bessie should die.
Bare-foot and tired, I've wanderd all day,
Asking for workbut Im to small, they say ;
On the damp ground I must now lay my head
Father's a Drunkard, and Mother is dead!
Cho. Mother, oh! why did you leave me alone,
With no one to love me, no friends, and no home ?
Dark is the night, and the storm rages wild,
God pity Bessie, the Drunkards lone child!
We were so happy till Father drank rum,
Then all our sorrow and trouble begun ;
Mother grew paler and wept every day,
Baby and I were too hungry to play.
Slowly they faded, and one Summers night
Found their dear faces all silent and white ;
Then, with big tears slowly dropping, I said :
Fathers a Drunkard, and Mother is dead!
Oh if the Temp'rance men only could find
Poor, wretched Father, and talk very kind
If they could stop him from drinkingwhy, then
We should all be very happy again!
Is it too late ? men of Temprance, please try,
Or poor little Bessie may soon starve and die.
All the day long Ive been begging for bread
Fathers a Drunkard, and Mother is dead I
Of the lecture we have not space to speak as
would become it. Those who have heard Miss
Dickinson will understand and appreciate us
when we say that she has seldom if ever acquit-
ted herself with greater honor. Her theme was
A Struggle for Life, and it certainly afforded
her ample scope for her wondrous powers, all
of which she had laid under tribute for the occa-
sion. Without any undue pathos, superfluous
rhapsody, or any merely oratorical artifice, she
held her vast audience to the very close by the
justice of her cause and calm serenity of man-
ner in presenting it. The Commercial Adver-
tiser pronounced upon the lecture thus :
An earnest, truthful, and eloquent appeal in behalf
of the suffering women of oar country reached the ears
and hearts of the thousands who packed the Cooper In-
stitute last night to listen to the address of Miss Anna
E. Dickinson. The effort was one of her finest, being
characterized by all the touching pathos, sincerity and
argument of which Miss Dickinson is so profoundly cap-
able. She entreated those who exalt purity to make its
paths less rugged, and closed with a touching picture
of the many instances of poverty and temptation which
had come under her own observation. The power -and
influence of her appeal were abundantly attested by the
riveted attention of her vast audience, and the tearful
eyes which greeted her in every direction.
FINANCE FOR THE PEOPLE.
We beg the special attention of our readers,
men and women, to the Financial Department of
our paper, and for the subject of finance gene-
rally. We have ourselves awaked to the fact
tnat no great change for the better can be
made in the condition of the working people
without a radical alteration in the money sys-
tem of this country ; and we shall endeavor to
discuss the question in its various aspects, and
set forth the means proposed to effect this end.
If we did not believe it a matter of real im-
portance to human rights, to each man and wo-
man getting what justly belongs to him and
her, we would never take the trouble to show
whether money is only a thing that can be
bought and sold like anythingelse, or whether
it has properties or powers as a medium of ex-
change bestowed on it by law. This working
at the nature of money and the proper mode of
instituting it is much like working at the foun-
dation of a great edifice with stones that must
be solid and well laid, or no superstructure of
beauty can stand upon them. This is sup-
posed to be masons work, and few give it either
attention ox thought. Yet it is not any few men
who can lay broad and deep the underpinning of
human liberty, the practical right of all useful
men and women to the comforts of life. The
people, no less a power than the people, can lay
this foundation, and they are called upon to
study how to do it. If we will not look at the
cause of our wrongs and the way to be rid of
them, the fault is with ourselves.
We had to go over the question whether it
is possible that man can be property before we
could logically demolish slavery. We brought
it to an abstract point, besides c ealing with it
in the concrete, as it showed itself' in its works]
This is the very thing we have to do with the
money issue ; we see that the productions of
labor are unjustly distributed ; some get a great
deal too much, some bar?ly enough to support
existence in the most meagre waythat is the
concrete of the matter : and the abstract of it
is that this condition of affairs is brought about
by our laws in regard to money and the rate of
interest; the whole thing turning upon the
point whether money is a commodity, or a legal
representative of value. The law was the slave-
holders stronghold ; the law is the fortress of
the capitalist, defended by custom, prejudice, pe-
cuniary interest, and last, and the most efficient
aid, by ignorance. Could the producing classes
in this country generally become aware of the
almost unlimited control over their rights and
happiness held unrighteously by this money
power, in one year they would change the sys-
tem. They would be irresistible. Come then
to the light, men and women! Turn not
from this topic because it seems dull or heavy,
or because you think you cannot understand it.
The true principles are simple, are most inter-
esting, and can he grasped by any ordinary mind
that will give them attention. To those who
would investigate the whole matter, we say,
read Kelloggs New Monetary System, which is
full of new ideas on this all-important subject,
and is, in fact, the gospel of finance con-
taining the principles which shall bring about
a great and beneficent Bevolutiop in our financial
policy, overthrowing the old, hidden evil, and
establishing a new system on the sure basis of
plain truth and justice. m. x. p.
ILLINOIS UNIVER8ALIST CONVENTION.
The State Convention of this body met in
the city of Elgin, on Saturday, October 20th,
at 2 oolock, p.m.
The denomination was largely represented,
and the proceedings were of mueh interest.
Among the resolutions offered were the follow-
ing, presented by the Rev. R. H. Pullman :
Resolved, That in order to increase the efficiency of
Lombard University, and to enable it to accomplish for
the education of women all that it was designed to do,
a first-class collegiate building should be erected in
Galesburg for tbe rccomodation of lady students.
Resolved, That we recommend to the women of onr
church in the State of Illinois to undertake the erection
of this building, and hereby pledge to them our aid and
Mrs. Livermore, wife of the editor of the
New Covenant, and the energetic co-worker
with Mrs. Hoag in the Sanitary Commission
during the war, desired that no action should be
taken on this resolution, and that there should
be no discussion of it, until the women of the
convention should fiist have an opportunity to
consider it by themselves. She moved that
when the convention adjourned, the women in
attendance should adjourn to meet at 2 p.m., io
the adjoining German church. Her motion was
carried, and all women present interested in the
subject were invited to be in attendance at that
place and time.
The women to whom was referred the resolu-
tion concerning the erection of a collegiate
building at Galesburg for the accommodation of
the lady students of the University, and who
had been in session in the adjoining church
most ot the afternoon, returned to the conven-
tion, and through their chairman, Mrs. M. A.
Livermore, submitted tbe following resolutions,
as the result of their delibeiations :
Resolved, That the women of this Convention accept
the recommendation of the council to undertake the
erection of a collegiate building at Galesburg, for the
accommodation of lady students, and hereby pledge
themselves to raise the sum of $50,000 for that purpose*
Resolved, That we will raise this sum as the centen-
nial offering of the Universaliet women of UUnois, and
we pledge ourselves to complete the work, if possibie,
by the end of our centennial year.
Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting that
this collegiate building should be so constructed that
the dining, music and exercise rooms, and parlors, un-
der proper restrictions, shall be for the use of both
Resolved, That in order to carry on this enterprise
effectively, a Convention of the Universalist women of
Illinois shall be called, to organize and prepare plans tor
the work, the time and place to be designated by an
Executive Committee of nine appointed for that pur-
Hie following Committee was chosen: Mrs.
M. A. Livermore, Mrs. Marsh, of Chicago;
Mrs. Prof. Standish, Mrs. Dr. W. S. Balch, of
Galesburg ; Mrs. Dr. Forrester, of Aurora;
Mrs. Hardin, of Peoria; Mrs. Rev. H. Slade,
of Elgin ; Mrs. Rev. J. Gorton, of Oneida;
Rev. Miss A. J. Chapin, of Mount Pleasant,
This Committee announced Menlota as the
place where the Womens Convention should be
held, on Tuesday, December 1st, and 2 p.m. as
The Universalists are rapidly advancin': in
the path of progress, and we hail with joy this
new evidence of their appreciation of the im-
portance of better opporiuities for the liberal
instruction of women.
A young woman of Natick is about to apply for admis-
sion as sradentto the Universalist College' in 8omer-
WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE.
The sixth annual opening of the Medical
College (Homoeopathic) for Women took place
on Monday evening, Nov. 2d, at the College,
corner of 12th street and 2d avenue.
Our waut of space forbids any adequate re-
port of the very appropriate and excellent re-
marks of Dr. C. S. Lozier, Dean of the College,
who made the opening address.
She alluded to the history and progress of the
Institution duriug the five years since its estab-
lishment, and dwelt at some length upon the
manifest need there is in the community for
educated women as physicians, to their in-
fluence upon the moral tone of society, and to
the wide field of usefulness open to them in re-
lieving the sufferings of humanity, and in ex-
tending to'woman the knowledge of her possi-
bilities and furthering her advance.
Very feeling allusion was made to the death,
since the last anniversary, of Mrs. Vaness, an
honored and honoring graduate of the college.
Dr. Smith and Gen. John Cochrane followed
Mrs. Lozier with some remarks appropriate to
Working Womans Association.On Thurs-
day evening a large audience gathered in the par-
lors of the Working Womens Home, 45 Eliza-
beth street, to listen to Dr. Harriet Clisbys re-
marks on the subject of Co-operative Associa-
tions, etc. A digest was given of the meeting
held on Monday evening at The Revolution
office, with the reading of the platform or
basis of the Association, which platform called
forth great interestnumbers present there and
then uniting themselves with the Association.
NEW YORK PHILANTHROPIES.
The New York correspondent of the Chicago
New Covenant gives some amusing sketches of
scenes in the New York Institutions for charita-
ble relief to the diseased. Not unfrequentJy,
she says, the gloomy scenes are enlivened as be-
A wild, frowzy-beaded boy presents himself for a fresh
supply of cod liver oil. The Doctor remembers him and
says: You had the bottle filled only two days since.
Yes sir; but as me father was feeling a little wake, and
as meseli and me brother had no very good appetite,
we just took a little, and now there is none left for me
mother. Well, here is the prescription, but see iba*
the whole family does not live on it this time. A wo-
man who applied lor medical aid, stated her disease to
be flirtation ol the heart. The Doctor, with a twinkle
of the eye, said, it is not an uncommon complaint
with your sex, and easy of cure if the proper remedy is
used. She was also suffering with a chronicle of tbe
back, as she said.
A young girl presented herself as suffering from heart
disease, and an incapability to breatbe. Upon exami-
nation it was found that her .body was compressed in
corsets so that there was no chance for free circulation
of the blood, neither for respiration. When told that
her own folly was the cause of her suffering, she indig-
nantly repelled the idea, and brought ber mother to
prove and maintain her own assertion, that she did not
wear her clothes tight.
The excellent counsels so often given by Mrs.
Dr. Lozier in The Revolution, on the sub-
ject of corsets, are still needed, line upon
line, not lace npon lace.
London, Nov. 9,1868.
In the case of Miss Lydia Becker the Court
of Common Pleas has rendered a decision in
which all the Judges concur, that the common
law of England gives woman no right to vote.
Madame Atjdouards Conferences.All who
are versed in the French language will be en-
tertained doubtless by the lectures to be given
by this eminent lady at Union League Club
Theatre on the evenings of the 11th, 17th, 20th,
24th, 27th and 30th of the present month.
Religious Intolerance. The Protestant
Episcopal Ccnvention, at its recent session in
this city, adopted a resolution to this effect:
That no minister of the church shall solemnize ma-
trimony in any case where there is a divorced wife or hus-
band of either parly still living, with an exception in
favor of innocent parties in a divorce for the cause of
adultery, or to parties once divorced seeking to be
The New York* Democrat thinks no more start-
ling commentary on the law of divorce could
possibly be imagined. What business has the
Convention, it asks, to revise the wisdom of
the law courts in a purely civil question of con-
tract? Either it is an impertinent exercise of
ghostly prerogative, or else it is a quiet assump-
tion of the Romish doctrine which holds mar-
riage to be a holy and a binding srerament In
either case it is ultra vires for the Convention to
adopt any such resolution.
The Democrat is not 'alone in thinking that
for the Convention to sitin judgment on parties
so set free, is one of the most intolerant speci-
mens of priestly arrogance ever heard of in ec-
Wobkingwomens Association.The Womens
Typographical Union and the Sewing Machine
Operators Union, of New York, have formed a
central association of workingwomen by con-
solidating the two societies, with Miss Susan B.
Anthony as President, The platform adopted
sets forth in a clear and comprehensive manner
the views of the organizers of the association,
as to the means for the elevation of their fellow-
workmen. It suggests the frequent coming
together of this class of women, not only by
the union thus effected to obtain a fair share of
the fruits of labor, but also to have pleasant in-
terchange of thought, to hear lectures, addresses,
heroic songs, and probably to establish a fund
for the benefit of the sick, disabled or old of
the association. The platform also comtem-
plates tbe giving of mutual aid and instruction
in the various departments of labor in which
the members may be engaged. So as not to ex-
clude the humblest workwoman from the ad-
vantages of the association, a nominal fee of
ten cents was agreed upon as the monthly due
of each member.Boston Herald.
Doctors Born, not Made.At the opening
of the Womans Medical College in this city last
week, Dr. Parker said there was no reason why
the sphere of woman should not be amplified.
She had made a record in mnsic, poetry, paint-
ing, the sciences and literature, and wherefore
might she not succeed equally with man in any
work she undertook? He farther asserted that
a docter is born, not made, and is found na-
turally, in both sexes.
Dora dIstria, the authoress, who is ac-
quainted with fifteen different languages, has
written books in six of them, and is noted alike
for her genius and her beauty, has been elected
a member of the Italian Academy of Belles Let-,
tres. This, it is said, is the first..time the honor
has bees conferred bn a woman.
A NOBLEWOMAN AND CONSIDERATE
M. Guizot occupies a column of the Paris
jDebats with an In Memoriam article on the
late Countess Foy. He says this distinguished
lady accompanied her husband throughout the
Peninsular war, from the year 1808 to 1814,
sharing in the dangers of the held of battle
whenever womans care and womans sympathy
could mitigate the sufferings of the wounded
or soothe the last hours of the dying. On peace
being restored to Europe the General devoted
his energies to the politics of his country, and
died of the fatigue he went through during .
prolonged debate at the Chambers. His widow
retired from society, and gave herself up
wholly to the education of her children, for
whom she accepted the donation offered by
government in acknowledgment of the Generals
services, although nobly refusing her own share.
The revolutionary party petitioned that her
young sons should appear in the procession at
Gen. Lamarques funeral. The countess, al-
though a liberal, replied with womanly consid-
eration, that at an age when they could lorm no
judgment of their own, she had no right to
compromise their future career. Her brilliant
intellect, surprising memory, and perfect sim-
plicity, made her society a pleasure and a priv-
Small Barking.What does the Springfield
Republican gain or hope to gain by its frequent
snarling at a great and noble enterprise in this
Once let the women of this country or of England
really claim the privilege for themselves and not by a
few scolding, self-elected advocates, and they will not be
It was hoped when Timothy ( Tupper ) Tit-
comb withdrew from the editorial chambers of
the Republican it would become at least civil
towards those who for years have labored to pro-
cure for themselves and others the rights which
custom and brute force have witheld from them,
only because they were women. Those who do
not claim the privilege for themselves
have no better right than those who do. Nor
are those self-elected advocatesunder obli-
gation to be silent because others, in whom
the Republican seems more to delight, are.
Somebody, in all great enterprises, must lead,
and small people ever Irefc and find fault with
them. But the Springfield Republican should,
by this time, be above such littleness.
New at Princeton. -r-In past years Princeton
has not been distinguished for its liberality
towards the proscribed classes for whatever rea-
son. But under its new President, Dr. McCosh,
an English importation, there is promise of re-
formation. In his inaugural address as Presi-
dent of Princeton College, he said he should
take care that every one at Princeton College
shall have full freedom of thought, that what-
ever be his religious creed or political party, be
he from the North or be he from the South, be
he of a white or a dark color,* he shall have free
access to all the benefits which this college can
bestow; and that a minority, nay, even a single
conscientious individual, shall be protected
from the tyranny of a majority and encouraged
to pursue his studies without molestation, pro-
vided always that, not being interfered with him-
self, he doesnot interfere with others.
* When will toe good Doctor add Rtvt
WORKING WOMENS RIGHTS.
Under this head the New York Herald, de-
scanting on the Workingwomens Associa-
tion, says :
Miss Susan B. Anthony and Miss Anna Dickinson may
have foiind their true missionafter long pilgrimages
through Womens Rights absurdities, hunting after
Female Suffragein taking up the cause of womans
rights to obtain a fair recognition of her labor and the
extension of those various classes of employment for
which women can be made useful. Such objects are
not only legitimate, but commendable, and it is to b
hoped that the Workiug Womens Central Association
will put all womens rights spouting conventions into
The N. Y. Times frequently talks in this same
random way. But would they attend some of
these Spouting Conventions with clear eye
and candid ear, they would soon be cured of
all such nonsense by learning that women just
like men, by their constitutional right of free
speech and peaceable assembly are acting pow-
erfully on the national mind and heart, and one
result is this very Association. The proscribed
classes, at least in this country, have the right
of moral agitation and free discussion, which
they do not propose to surrender at the behest
of newspaper Editors or any other department
of the white male citizenship.
The statistics of crime in England and Wales
show that though women have no voice in
making the laws, they are less law breakers
than the men. In 1867 in those countries
3,867 women were committed for trial charged
with indictable offences, and 15,549 menone
woman to every four men. In England and
Wales 139 persons were committed for trial for
murder in the year, and as many as 53, con-
siderably more than a third were women.
WOMEN IN POLITICAL MEETINGS.
A New York correspondent of Zion's Bet'ald
writes in this wise of the future of women, judg-
ing from present appearances :
One noticeable thing in toe political meetings 1 have
visited, is toe presence of American women. Only last
week I saw the beautiful young wife of General Kilpa-
trick sitting by bis side on toe platform of Cooper In-
stitute, and last evening the accomplished and elegant
wife of General Fremont added to the interest of toe
occasion. Women listening by hundreds to political dis-
cussions, and waving their consent to political senti-
ments, must soon be admitted to help decide political
issues. Twenty years from to-day we will be astonished
at our stupidity in hindering our wives and mothers
from taking their toll share in political decisions. The
women of America earned toe ballot by their bravery
and suffering during the rebellion, and when what be"
longs to them shall be granted to them, bad politicians
will be the sufferezs! Women are always more right
than men, and in the upholding of a truer civilization
they must have tbeir place. The world cannot afford in
this difficult, delicate and sublime work of government
to do without the handiwork of the better half of the
Women Engravers.Women have been em-
ployed as engravers for some time in this city,
but their number is limited. At the Cooper
Institute School of Design, there are about fif-
teen pupils under the instruction of Mr. Linton,
the well-known English engraver. Women can
earn about $20 & week at this employment,
which would be very good pay if it was contin-
uous, but in most cases it only lasts a portion
of the year, when tho publishers are getting
oat illustrated books, atfd during the rest of
the time they idle,-
The London National Reformer, describing
a lecture lately given in that metropolis on The
Place, Bights and Duties of Woman, said :
The announcement that Iconoclast would lecture
here, had tbe effect of crowding the hall almost to suffo-
cation. The lecturer alluded to the well-known fact
that tbe truest test of civilization in any nation was its
treatment of woman, and laid down toe proposition that
where there was most superstition there woman was
most degraded. Womens present mode of education
in the middle classes was such that when they grew up
tbey were helplessly dependent on their parents. Look
too, at the agricultural classes, where girls grow up
without a single womanly Iceliag, and those who took
an interest in them were only a few of tbe most hereti-
cal clergymen. As to toe middle-class girls, the result
of their dependent position was, that their choice in Hie
lay between matrimony, starvation, or worse, and it was
women's fault that so many of their sisters took to the
worst, for they were too ready to grasp in friendship toe
hand of the seducer, while they turned an eye of scorn
on his poor victim. How many women sold themselves
in marriage for a gilded prize and were often worse than
the poor fallen one they looked upon with contempt!
St. Lawrence University.The President
of this Scientific and Collegiate Institution,
located in Canton, New York, through the Am-
bassador, thus reports:
Students of both sexes are received, on due examina-
tion, to pursue, on an equal footing, either course of
study they may select. We now have ladies and gentle-
men reciting together in the Natural Sciences, the Lan-
guages, Higher Mathematics, and Hamilton's Metaphy-
sics, and have fully proven the practicability of tbe
plan, believing more and more in its desirableness,
and finding the sexes not unequally matched in the
daily intellectual exercises of toe recitation room. On
completing the four years Scientific Course, or the Clas_
sical course, ladies receive toe same degree as gentle-
Ticknor & Fields.Mr. Howard M. Tickuor
has retired from this noted publishing house,
and the new firm will bear the title of Fields,
Osgood & Co. James T. Fields, J. R. Osgood,
and John S. Clark, constitute the new firm.
The name of Ticknor has long been most hon-
orably connected with the book business ot
Boston, probably about half a century.
Hydropathic Institute.It has been for
some time in agitation to rear an extensive Hy-
dropathic Institute in the neighborhood of Cen-
tral Park. We understand that Dr. Kuozkowski,
a graduate of the best schools of Europe, hav-
ing been first a pupil of the celebrated Dr.
Priessnitz, afterward of the renowned Dr.
Franke, of Bavaria, is now in this city, and
may be secured to direct and instruct in such a
place, if the work can be undertaken the pre-
sent year. It is a disgrace to modern civiliza-
tion that New York has neither a Water Cure
nor a decent public bathing place in all its
borders, nor on all its shores.
St. James Hotel, Jacksonville, Florida ; designed to
furnish home comforts for all guests, hut offers especial in-
ducements to persons in feeble health who may wish
to spend the summer in Florida. The Sanitary Depart-
ment is to be under the sole charge of Dr. Rogers, late
of Worcester, Mass. Those who know him will require
no testimonials as to bis character or ability. Tnose
who do not, arc permitted to refer to tbe following gen
tlemm: Henry I. Bodwitch, M.D., Boston ; S. L. Ab-
bott, M.D., Boston ; John W. Draper, M.D., LL.D., N,
Y.j Austin L. Sands, M.D., Newport R. I.; Joseph
Sargent, M.D., Worcester, Mass.; Oramel Martin, M.D.,
Worcester, Mass.; Rufus Woodward, M.D., Worcester,
Mass.; G. L. Collins, M.D., Providence, B. I. For more
definite information, address Dr. S. Rogers, at Pomfrsfc,
Conn,, frosa Juno 1st, to Dec, 1st, and at
Florida, from let; to Jims 1st;
WHAT SHALL WE EAT?
A correspondent down in Florida calls The
Revolution to order on the question of raising
and eating animals. His argument in favor of
it is wholly scriptural, beginning with the ex-
ample of Abel the second man bora. With
The Revolution, the question is not one of
night so much as of expediency ; of economy,
spiritual elevation. To be sure all these consid-
erations raise the subject high into the realm of
conscience and religion; for it must be wrong,
morally and religiously, if in all these aspects
of the question the argument is against our cor-
respondent, all Bible example to the contrary
notwithstanding. The craving for the flesh
pots of Egypt in the wilderness was charged
upon the Hebrews as a sinful lust, and they were
punished accordingly. It is doubtful if at bot-
ttom there ever was any better reason for the
universal preying upon the animals by man.
And it has long seemed to this editor the worst
Mud of moral and social as well as material
(economy to devote so much of the earth and of
mans noblest powers to their propagation feed-
ing and unnatural fattening. That was all we
meant before, and all that is necessary to say to-
Woman Suffrage in New Jersey.The Newark
Daily Advertiser says that Mrs. Hannah Blackwell, a
highly esteemed elderly lady, long resident in Roseville,
and Mrs. Lucy Stone, her daughter-in-law, both ol them
property holders in the county and tax-payers, appeared
at the polls in Roseville Park, accompanied by Messrs.
Bathgate aud Blackwell as witnesses, and offered their
votes. The judges of election were divided as to the
propriety of receiving the votes of the ladies, one of
them stating that he was in favor of doing so, the two
others objecting on the ground of their illegality. The
ladies stated that they bad taken advice of eminent law-
yers, and were satisfied, that in New Jersey, women were
legally entitled to vote, from the fact that the old consti-
tution of the state conferred suffrage upon all inhabi-
tants worth $250. Under that constitution women did
in fact vote until, in 1807, by an arbitrary act of the legis-
lature, women were excluded from the polls. The new
constitution, adopted in 1844, was framed by a convention
and adopted by a constituency, from both of which wo-
men were unconstitutionally excluded, so that they have
never been allowed to vote upon the question of their
own disfranchisement. The article in the present con-
stitution on the right of suffrage confers it upon white
male citizens, but does not expressly limit it to such.
It is claimed that from the absence of any express limi-
tation in the present constitution, and from the compul-
sory exclusion of the parties interested from its adop-
tion, the political rights of women under the old consti*
tion still remain. Mrs. Stead stated these points to the
judges of election with clearness and precision. After
consultation the votes of the ladies were refused. The
crowd surrounding the polls gathered about the ballot-
box and listened to the discussion with respectful at-
tention ; but every one behaved with the politeness
which gentlemen always manifest in the presence of
A New Charity .We see it told that a daugh-
ter of Mrs. Gaskill, the accomplished authoress
and the biographer of Charlotte Bronte, is sup-
erintending a public kitchen in Manchester,
England, for the sick. The kitchen was started
three years ago in one of the poorest but most
populous parts of that immense city to supply
gratuitous dinners to the patients in the three
hospitals there during their illness and conva-
lescence. Victor Hugo has written a letter to
Miss Gaskill, highly complimenting her on her
Frightful.The Boston Host says Boston
has had three thousand speeches since the
campaign commenced. No other Hub surely
ever had spokes driven in like that.
A REIGN-7? OTP.
A bow of promise has appeared in the heavens'
for woman, by her admission into the Labor
Congress, and receiving a pledge of their in-
dividual and undivided support to the daugh-
ters of toil in this land. [ hope it will not
prove a mere mouthing and mockery. The
head that says to the heart I have no need of thee,
shows too great a lack of brains and consequent
ingratitude, to be intrusted with any responsi-
ble position, either domestic or public.
If domestic affection can only be kept alive by
a strict adherence to principles of justice, then
the problem is solved, uhy so little exists.
Justice is generally ignored by husbands ; in
some instances favors are substituted, but that
does not insure confidence.
Selfishness of the leaders, and ignorance of
the masses, are the Satanic embodiment, which
bodes good to none, and lies at the top and bot-
tom of the discrimination made when sex, race,
arid color are concerned, in the distribution of
the elective franchise. But let it never again
be said, after the mass meetings, with their pro-
cessions, that have been so numerously attend-
ed by women (I adhere to the good old Saxon
word, women, becuse ladies are generally too
obsequious or fastidious to know what they do
want), that it is indelicate for them to go to
the polls and signify by the ballot their
choice between the candidates who are to ad-
minister the laws. At all events your corres-
pondent has registered her name according to
law, and intends to make known her choice in
due form, on the day appointed, let the result
be what it may.
I attended a political meeting on the 29th
ultimo, at Canandaigua, where it was estimated
that ten thousand people partook of the hospi-
talities of Ontario County. Gen. Lee of Con-
necticut, and others, addressed the meeting, dur-
ing which the women were applauded for their
inspiring presence, and the voting of women
was implied if not expressed, as being more ad-
vantageous to all concerned the effect alto-
gether more inspiring, and the historic record
more desirable, than the unmeaning three
cheers for the ladies, at the end of a speech,
which are only a Tantalus to their aspirations.
Naples, N. Y., Nov. 2d, 1868. e. m:. a.
Fruitful Woman.The Chicagoan is taking
the highest place among our Literary news
papers, east or west. Its liberality too and
progressive tendencies, are not second to its
ability. It studies well the past record of
woman, advocates her rights and claims, and
insists wisely on her responsibilities. The
following is one of its scraps of Female Biogra-
Mademoiselle de Scudery was bora in the year 1607.
She was the most celebrated novelist of her time. Her
most famous work was Clelia, It was a voluminous
novel comprising no less than ten volumes, containing
about seven thousand pages. It was sought after by
princesses as eagerly as the most exciting novel is sought
after now-a-days. But Mademoiselle Scuderys works
were not of tbe class to be enduring. They were too
long and too unnatural. They generally consisted of sev-
eral volumes each. Novels must have been scarce, that
any one would think of reading a ten volume work of
fiction. Notwithstanding all her labor, her works have
nearly all passed into oblivion, so much so that a com-
plete edition could hardly be found in Paris oven. She
wrote for about thirty years and produced upwards of
TheNcw York servant girls havegiven $30,000
to the Pope.
THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE CANDIDATES.
THE CANVASS IN ENGLAND.
William H. Barrow, who, though a Conserva-
tive, voted with Mr. Mill, is again before the
division of South Notts, a strongly Conserva-
tive division, so that his return is quite certain.
C. R. M. Talbot has represented Glamorgan-
shire for thirty-eight years, and bids well to con-
tinue through the new Parliament.
During one of the first evenings of last month,
James Wyldrunuiug in Bodminaddressed
his electors at Lanivet, His reception, says the
News, was most enthusiastic, and after a long
speech, explaining his political views, a vote of
fitness was passed. In a meeting held still
later, he declared himself opposed to Mr. Glad-
stone on the Irish Church question, but an ad-
vanced Liberal on all other topics.
We have oltea before spoken of Richard
Youngs canvass of Cambridgeshire; of its
thoroughness and enthusiasm ; but it was not
only confined to him, as the other three candi-
datestwo Conservatives and one Liberalhave
also emulated the ardor of Mr. Young, and visit-
ed every town of any importance in the shire.
The result is doubtful.
Mr. Mill has been subscribing to the election
hinds of his Parliamentary friends quite fceely
during this canvass. One of his last donations
was to one of the Liberals of Tower Hamlets.
Mr. Beales, and Prof. Henry Fawcett have done
Guildford Onslow canvassed his borough
Guildfordmost vigorously during September,
and we think his efforts will be crowned with
success. The Reform Act admits about 500
new electors, the majority of whom are of the
working classes, and are said to be almost unan-
mously in Mr. Onslows favor. Mr. Onslow
himself says, in an address to the electors of
the borough, that he is almost certain of being
The borough of Ripon, by the new act, can-
not return, as formerly, two members, but only
one. The Woman Suffrage candidate, Lord
John Hay, has come forward for the seat which
he has represented since February, 1866.
In Westminster, there are 4,303 new voters,
out of which number the Liberals have no less
than 3,144, leaving the Tories but 1,159 and
giving the Liberals a majority of 1,985 in the
new voters alone. At the last election, Mr.
Mill, who was nine votes behind his colleague,
had 4,525 against 3,824 for the Tory candidate.
Liberal majority, 701. Adding old and new, the
Liberal majority is 2,686. It is therefore plain
that both Liberals, odg of whom is John Stuart
Mill, can be retured.
Mr. Smalley, the London correspondent of
theN. Y. Tribune, in speaking of the retirement
of Thomas Hayes, mentioned last week, says :
Parliament, however, is not to lose Mr. Hughes^
wbom it could by no means afford to lose. He is to
stand for Frome, represented now by Sir Henry
Rawlinson. whose seat becomes vacant by his acceptance
of a nomination to the India Council. Frome is a
little town of 11,060 inhabitants, in Somersetshire*
notedfor its ale, says the Gazetteer. Under the old
law, it had 414 electors; has probably three times as
many now. Two-thirds of the new electors are proba-
blj Liberals, and the seat is reckoned sure for Mr.
Hughes. There is a difference, no doubt, between sit-
ting in the House for a great metropolitan borough like
Lambeth, with 40,000 electors, and sitting for an unim-
portant oountry town like Frome. But Mr. Hughess
withdrawal from Lambeth is so chivalrously done, and
so unselfishly volunteered in the interest of the Libera
arty, to save a seat which might be lost otherwise, that
lie bad earned a new title to the confidence and gratitude
of bis associates.
Tlie ODonogbue has issued his address to the
people of Tralee*
Henry Labotichere has issued his address
to the electors of Middlesex.
At the meeting of the United Liberal party
of Manchester, held in Free Trade Hall on
October 7th, all three of the Liberal candidates
spoke. Jacob Brightone of the threewhile
refering to the ballot, advocated Woman Suffrage.
We think Mr. Bright is the only candidate be-
fore the people of. England, Ireland or Scot-
land, who has had the boldness to demand
Beform Investigator.One of the ablest
and best Workingmens papers we receive, is
published in the little town of Morrison, El.,
under the above name. It seems to be awake
and true to all the great questions of Beform,
and is only two dollars a year.
After Grant what? asks Wendell Phil-
lips. More subscribers to The Revolution *
and Educated Suffrage for men and women is
our answer. _______________________
One of the prominent publishers of New York has in
press a novel written by a young lady of sixteen.
We invite the attention of ladies out of em-
ployment to the advertisement of O. D. Chase
& Co. in another column. The manager of
the office is a lady who is experienced in
the business and will give such information
and aid to agents as her opportunity affords.
Some of the books to be canvassed for are
Greeleys American Conflict, Bakers Ex-
plorations in Abyssinia, Cmdens Concord-
ance, Homes of American Statesmen, etc.
The Radical.The November number sustains well
the credit of the establishment, and we sincerely hope
the patronage richly sustains the Radical. And we agree
with what its editors and propiietors say of it, that if
it bad the support of but a fraction of those who at least
sympathize with its aim, it could no longer be doubted
whether America was ready for a magazine of intellec-
tual freedom and universal religion.*
The Amazon. By Frank Dinzelsledt. Translated from
the German by J. M. Hart. New York : G. F. Putnam
& Son. A very beautiful book it is of about three hun-
dred and twenty pages, and forms part of Putnam's
library of European Literature, chosen largely from the
wide domain of German story and romance. This book
is said to be very popular in Germany, and even in trans-
ation it is full of vivacitv and spirit. 'Whoever com-
mences it will read it to the end, nor think of much else
till it be done, and for some time afterwards.
We have also from the same house a little volume of a
hundred and thirty pages entitled, What Shall We
Eat?" A manual for housekeepers, comprising a Bill
of fare for breakfast, dinner and tea for every day in the
year, with an appendix all about pickles, sauces, pre-
serves, confectioneries, and nobody knows wbat; a great
treasure, a real gospel of gastromony it must be in
these times of bad cook9 and cookery, to all who can
afford to have it on the one band, and to follow its pre-
cepts on the other.
Mabels Mistake. By Mrs. Ann S. Stephens. Au-
thor of Fashion and Famine/ Doubly False/ Sol-
diers Orphans/ The Old Homestead/ Silent Strug-
gles/* The Heiress," The Wifes Secret," etc. We
have had no time to devote to this book, and so can out-
advertise it this week. Four hundred and thirty well
filled pages by so eminent an authoress as Mrs. Ste*
phens, and issued too from the house of Peterson & Co.;
should need no recommendation. We shall try very
soon to make its farther acquaintance, and will recur to
it again. T. B. Peterson and Brothers, 306 Chesnut
In the window of Wheeler & Wilson, No. 625
Broadway, maybe seen their Paris Gold Medal,
an illustration of their Exposition at Paris;
their No. X and No. 300,000 Sewing Machine
(the former having been in constant use fifteen
years); their new Button-hole Attachment, for
families and manufacturers, making one thou-
sand button-holes a day; their new noiseless
machine, and a miniature working model fac
simile Wheeler & Wiison Machine, complete in
every part, with case of elaborately carved tor-
toise shell, which was one of the mechanical
gems at the Paris exposition.
TEE BENEDICT TIME WA TCH.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches for the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution *
and all others who desire a perfect time-keeper. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality cf watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture of the move-
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to'be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stook of
American Watches is unrivalled. Ail'the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE,
Greenbacks .for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free,
Open doors to Artisans and Immiqrants. A
laniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
- cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paied from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our 3Iining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaliato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigner's at the highest pnces.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN POS1AGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep brigpi
the chain of friendship between them and their
VOL. II.NO. 19.
CAPITAL AND LABOR.
A cobres pondent last week or the week be-
fore, signing himself A, took exceptions to some
strictures of ours'in The Bevoltjtion on the
boasted largest store in the world, and how it
became so. As we consider our * Financial De-
partment a current constantly sweeping away
all such views as those of Mr. A., we did not
refer to him in special, but gave him space to
express his dissent as we do others. Another
correspondent, however, wishes to be heard on
Mr. A.s criticisms, and we cheerfully clear a cor-
ner for him, as below :
Editors of the Revolution :
Your correspondent A." says, Capital is not, nor
can it be antagonistic to the interests of labor/ which
io a certain sense is trne ; that is to say, there ought to
be no antagonism, and when the laborer owns the capital,
as he should ana will do when he becomes wise enough,
there will be no oppression* of laborer by the capitalist.
But now practically, the capitalist owns the laborer, for
whoso owns the means whereby I live owns me. A."
might as well say that because the interests of labor and
capital are identical there is not and never was sucb a
thing as chattel slavery, as to assert that under existing
circumstances the relations of capital and labor are
The starting point is for the capitalist to pretend to
own the laborer under some more or less patriarchal
form of slavery, the final goal is at last reached) when
the laborer owns the capital, which in fact he alone has
Doubtless the tendency is to leave more and more of
the products of labor in the hands of the laborer, as he
becomes more intelligent and less dependent on the cap
italist, but so long as the land and tools are substantially
in the hands of one class, and another has only its labor,
there must be antagonism of int erests.
Does A or any oLber letter to 2 believe that there is
such a real, natural difference in the prcduetive capa-
city of A. T. Stewart and the average workingman that
the former is justly entitled to receive ten thousand
times as much for his years labor as the latter ?
A man is justly entitled to be paid for bis labor, or in
other words to own what he produces and nothing more,
except what may be given to bim by his fellows as a free
gift. As for instance, a poet or artist may justly receive
whatever the admiration of the world may freely offer as
a testimony to the pleasure he has given, and so any
benefactor may justly be freely rewarded by his fellows
for the good he has, done, to any extent they choose*
But the simple producer is only entitled to what he act-
ually produces. Now, A. T. Stewart began with
nothing, and if he is fairly and scientifically entitled to
the immense property he holds, he must have pro-
duced it all, or its equivalent, or he must have received
it as a testimonial for the benefit he has conferred.
No one will maintain that A. T. 6., or any other oi our .
rich men, has produced his wealth by his own labor..
Neither are our rich men usually those who do the most
to advance the interests of their fellow-men. It is true the
capital they hold is useful, but it would be much more
so, if held by those who really produced it. Only think
how muci' more useful it would be to have A. T. Stewarts
great warehouses and merchandise owned in shares by
the men and women, whose labor built and made them,
And it the men and women who do the worlds work
will be wise and co-operate with one another, the time
is not far distant when they will do their own buying and
selling for their own benefit, instead of paying a lew
men thousands of times more for distributing the pro-
ducts of labor, than the laborer Is paid for the less
agreeable work of producing the same. A. says cap-
ital cultivates refined taste/ by which be means doubt-
less that a certain amount of leisure ensured by posses-
sion of capital is necessary to the cultivation of the
taste. This being true, every one should have capital in
order to cultivate taste j and as the laborers produce
the capital, there is no reason except their failures to co-
operate, why they should not have the capital. Free suf-
frage must be a lailure, as compared with an ideal suc-
cess, so long as the masses of the people fail to under-
stand the relations of capital and labor. Money is not
capital, but the representative of capital, nor is it more
powerful than human wisdom ; but the cunning of the
capitalist is far more powerful than the simplicity of tho
F. s. c..
A. T. STEWART, *GAIN.
New Yobk, Oct. 31st, 1868..
Editors of the Revolution:
Does your correspondent A.," under Woman and:
Finance" in Revolution" of the 29tb, mean to say
that the condition of men, when some have not
near enough and others have far more than enough*
is what it ought to be? If not, then what pro-
duces this difference? Do not the laws in the interest
of capital help to doit? The poor want what they can.
not sufficiently get. And greed and dishonesty are the
*' fundamental principles of finance, trade, and political
economy generally, which your correspondent A.
would have the editors of The Revolution com-
prehend. If, as he says, infinite wisdom cannot make
human intellect a unit in capacity and desire to make
and to spend money, suffering can be stopped. There*
fore I would say to the laboring classes, hereafter keep
what properly belongs to you. If, as is sometimes said*
the laborer is dependent on the capitalist, I would ask,
how was it that the first laborer who ever lived made
headway, if he had no capital to go upon ? A. says, if
a seller sells for less, or a buyer buy for more than the
article demands, then the said seller, or the said buyer,
as the case may be, suffers the just peualty of his own
folly. I reply that the article should demand that the
seller sell for what will enable him to live economically,
and not to build a house in Fifth avenue, worth $200,000 or
$2,000,000. But we will try and-come out ahead of yoor
correspondent by not believing all that is told us ; and,
as workingmen, for one thing we will refuse to do milr
tary service for debt-incurring and impoverishing gov-
ernments. The suffering which A. remarks does
not change, no one will presume that God seat, but'itis
imposed by the forms of society ; or if not, society
which represents the wealthy, is responsible for i t not
being removedfor its removal is all reformers at pre-
sent are after if they ever desire to go beyond that.
SEVEV PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD.
The First Mortgage Seven per Cent. Sinking
Fund Bonds of the Rockford, Rock Island and
St. Louis Railroad Company, pay both Princi-
pal and Interest m GOLD COIN, Free of Gov-
ERNLIEN T TAX.
Each Bond is /or $1,000 or $2,000 Sterling, and
is convertible into stock at the option of the
holder. The coupons are payable Feb. 1st and
Aug. 1st, in New York or London, at the option
of the holder.
The Road runs from Rockford in Northern
Illinois to St. Louis, a distance including tracks
to Coal Mines, etc., of about 4C0 miles, and
traverses the finest district of Illinois.
The Bonds have 50 years to run, and are a
lien of $21,000 per mile upon the Companys
railroad franchises, in coal-landsof which it
has 20,000 acres containing A HUNDRED MIL-
LION TONS OF COALits rolling stock, and
property of every sort.
A subscription of $8,800,000, at par, to the
Capital Stock of the Company, furnishes a large
part of -the means required to construct and
equip the road.
Nearly half the entire length of the road is
graded and substantially ready for the iron;
the rails are now arriving upon the line. The
first division, giving an outlet to the coal, will
be in operation in 60 days, and track-laying will
from this time be prosecuted with the utmost
energy till the last rail is in position. The Com-
pany intend to have the road in readiness for
the Autumn business of 1869.
. The Bonds are for sale at 97Â£ and accrued in-
terest in currency, and maybe obtained through
bankers and brokers throughout the country, or
at the office of the Company, 12 Wall Street,
The trustees for the Bondholders is the Union
Teijst Company of New York.
Pamphlets giving full information sent on ap-
II. PI. B O 01) Y, Treasurer.
THE MONEY MARKET
was excessively stringent throughout the week, and
legal interest, with commissions of %, %, %, % per cent
per day were freely paid, and 3 to 4 per cent, for fifteen
days. On government bonds % and % per cent, per
day were paid. At the close, though money was still
scarce, the market became easier, owing to the action of
the Secretary of the Treasury in his proposition not to
sell any bonds or gold during the present stringency,
and 7 per oent. in gold was about the maximum rate
The weekly bank statement Is not favorable and shows
further contraction on the part of the banks.
Tae following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
Nov. 7. Differences
$251,612,191 Dec. $5,753,678
16,446,741 Inc. 6,826,215
34,353,637 Inc. 100.427
175,556,718 Dec. 6,391,829
47,167,207 Dec. 4,423,741
THE GOLD MARKET
was active and advanced touching 135)4 at the close.
BUNKING WEST PROM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT,
ABE NOW FINISHED, AND THE
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Saturdy, Oct. 31, Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Monday, Nov. 2, 133% 133% 133 133%
Tuesday, 3, 133% 133% 133% 133%
Wednesday, 4, 133% 133% 133 133
Thursday, 5, 132% 132% 132% 132%
Friday, 6, 132% 132% 132% 132%
Saturday, 7, 134% 134% 133% 134%
Monday, 9, 134%. 134% 134% 134%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was dull and heavy throughout the week and lower at the
close. Prime bankers 60 days sterling bills are quoted
109 to 109)4, and sight 109% to 109%. Francs on Paris
bankers, long 5.17)4 to 5.16)4 and short 5.15 to 5.13%.
the railway share market
was dull and heavy and on Friday there was a general
panic in all the leading stocks with the exception of
Erie and Reading. The cause of the panic was the tumble
in St. Paul common from 115 to 62, and the failure of the
clique leader in that stock to take his puts sold some
time back at 105 to 90. At the close a better feeling pre-
vailed and the general supposition is that the bear
cliques who have been instrumental in depressing the
market will now rest satisfied with their enormous profits
and that we have reached tbe turning point to better
Husgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
W. TJ. Tel., 36 to 36)4 ; N. Y. Central, 121)4 to 122;
Erie, 38% to 38% ; do preferred, 62 to 66 ; Hudson River,
125 to 126 ; Reading, 96% to 97 ; Wabash, 58 to 59 ; Mil.
& St. P., 72% to 73; do. preferred, 83 to 83% ; Fort
Wayne, 109 to 109% ; Ohio Si Miss., 29% to 30 ; Mich.
Cent., 116 to 118 ; Mich. South., 82% to 82% ; Hi* Cent.,
141 to 143 ; Pittsburg, 84% to 84% ; Toledo, 99% to 100 j
Rock Island, 103% to 104 ; North West, 82 to 82% ; do.
preferred, 83% to 83%; B. W. Power, 15 to 16 ; B., H. &
Erie, 26% to 27% ; Atlantic Mail, 10 to 25 ; Bkrs & B.
As., 106% to 107 ; Mariposa, 6 to 8; do. preferred, 20%
UNITED STATES SECURITIES,
in sympathy with the stock market and the excessive
stringency in the money market, were weak and declined.
At the close the market improved, but owing to the ac-
tivity in money speculation is rather limited.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
Reg. 1881, 112% to 113; Coupon, 1881, 114 to
114% ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 106 to 106% ; Coupon, 5-20
1862,108% to 108% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 107% to 107%;
Coupon, 5-20, 1865, .107% to 107% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865,
Jan. and July, 109% to 110; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
110 to 110% j Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 110% to 111;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103 to 103% ; 10-40 Coupon, 104%
to 104% ; Pacific, 99 to 100. Market, strong. Money 7.
THE CUSTOM DUTIES
for the week were $1,977,000 in gold against $2,084,097,
$2,390,312 and $2,384,676 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $3,863,311
in gold against $3,611,663, $4,999,106, and $5,371,459 for
tbe preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $3,121,997, in currency against $3,339,694, $3,361,-
454, and $2,763,889 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $264,829 against $1,071,407, $29,724,
and $410,318 for the preceding weeks.
OMANS MEDICAL COLLEGE
of tbe New York Infirmary, 126 Second Avenue, will
open Nov, 2d. For prospectus, apply to
14 17 Dr. E. BLACKWELL, Sec,
WILL SOON BE COMPLETED.
The means provided for construction are ample, aud
there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Companys first mortgage
bonds, payable, prinoipal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at tbe COM-
PANYS OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 69 Wall street, and by tbe
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the United
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868. showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
mHE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN :
A CYCLOPEDIA OF WOMANS WORK.
BY VIRGINIA PENNY.
12mo. 500 pages. $1.50.
This work contains five hundred and thirty-three arti
cles, over five hundred of which are descriptions of the
occupations in which women are or may be engaged ;
the effect of such on the health ; the rate of wages paid
for those carried on iu the United States ; a comparison
in the price of male and female labor ol the same kind ;
tbe length of time required to learn the business fully,
and the time required to learn the part done by women;
whether women are paid while learning ; the qualifiica-
tions needed; the prospect of future employment in
each branch ; and much other valuable information of
like character. In addition are articles on usual employ-
ments in England, France, the United States, and other
countries; minor employments in the United States,
England and France.
Sent free by mail, on receipt o f price.
Q L 0 T H I N,G.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS.
Every Novelty of Style and Material. .
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Boys and Youths Suits and Overcoats.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
Clothing at freeman & burrs
.Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods, j
SELF-MEASUREMENT at FREEMAN &
NEW RULES for SELF-MEASUREMENT enable
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with tbe certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price List mailed tree on application.
FREEMAN & BURRS Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y.
rVEJEENS COUNTY TEACHERS INSTI-
\c/> TUTE1863. The next annual session will be held
inthe Public School Building in the village of Flushing,
commencing at 10 a.m., on Monday, November 9tb, and
continuing two weeks. Hie Institute will be oonducted
by Prof. James Johonnot, assisted by Mrs. A. T. Ran-
Evening lectures will be delivered by Prof. Alden (of
the Albany Normal School), Prof. Johonnot, Miss
Susan B. Anthony, and other eminent educators and
lecturers. Miss Anthony will address the Association on
Friday evening, Nov. 13th.
ONE OP THOSE BOOKS WHICH BELONG TO THE
. CLASS OF DEEDS, NOT WORDS.
BY ANNA E. DICKINSON.
1 vol,....16mo.....Price, $1.50.
The book is a solemn, earnest, thrilling, enthusiastic
appeal, in which a noble woman, herself at ease, blessed
with flattering friends, with applause, with admiration,
takes all in her hand, and risks all in pleading the cause
of the poorest, the most maligned and scorned of Gods
creatures. In the form of a story she makes a most
condensed, earnest, and powerful appeal to the heart
and conscience of this American nation on the sin of
What gives this story its awful power is its truth."
Harriet Beecheb Stowe.
I wish that every person of maturity throughout the
length and breadth of the land may read it. Many of
the most remarkable incidents of the war of the rebel-
lion are woven together by the thread of an interesting
story, told in a dashing, spirited style. Some defects i
has ; but, in comparison with Its merits,-they are too
unimportant to dwell upon.Lydia Maria Child.
I have read far enough to be greatly interested in it,
and to wish that a copy were in the hand of every voter.
God bless Anna Dickinson forthis beautiful and effective
testimony against the infernal spirit of caste 1 Gebkit
It Is full of genuine feeling eloquently expressed,
and is pervaded by a sublime sympathy with the op-
pressed and by a high and beneficent purpose. We are
made to feel, in reading the book, that it is the work of
a brave woman, one who has broken away from the dull
and beaten path of .prejudice and of conventional usage,
and has the courage to follow withersoever the truth
may lead.Frederick Douglass.
*** For sale by all booksellers. Sent post paid on re-
ceipt of price, by the Publishers,
TICKNOR & FIELDS, Boston,
18 4 and 63 Bleecker street, N. Y.
A Monthly Magazine of Eighty Pages, Devo ed
Intellectual Freedom and Universal Religion
There is a large and steadily increasing number of
people in America who think for themselves ; who have
come to learn that the intellect is free-born ; who acknow-
ledge no authority but reason, and who have found that
Religion is something natural and universal.
The Radical Magazine represents this class. It is a
medium for the freest expression of thought on reli-
gious and social topics.
Not having to consult denominational or party inter-
ests, The Radical can consistently enforce the lessons
ot intellectual freedom and self-dependence. Confiding
more in the natural force of Ideas for the progress and
melioration of society, than in the good office of the
best-disposed institutions; in the Spirit of Liberty
steadily burning in the soul of man, rather than in
the wisest prescriptions of political or ecclesiastical art;
we are ambitious, by the discussion of ideas and prin-
ciples, to fortify individuals in their trust of Spiritual
Laws, and in an unwavering reliance on the protections
of heroic character.
No subject important enough to be discussed at all in
its pages, is to be pronounced settled, and arbitrarily
closed in deference to the popular sentiment. The
alarm-bells of ignorance, bigotry, sentimental piety,
wherever beard, it will allow to swing out their force
unheeded. It does not believe that the world is to be
upset, nor the providence of nature set on fire, or balked,
by the frank expression of any mans or womans opin-
ion, on even tbe most delicate subjects; but quite the
contrary. If there be virtue that is thereby imperilled,,
so frail a virtue is hardly worth the saving ; the greater
its peril the safer the morals of society. If there be any
truth too timid to grant equal terms to error, it will be
safer to have it routed until pride picks up its courage.
The Radical would not covertly suppress error, but
openly, with full faith in human nature under the sway
of freedom, win the day against it.
The Contributors of The Radical are responsible
each for bis or her own productions, but for no other.
Single Subscription.Three dollars a year, in ad-
Specimen Numbers sent to any address for thirty
All Communications should be addressed to The
Radical, Boston, Mass.
S. H. MORSE, 1 Editors &
J. B. MARVIN, i Publishers,
^ NEW MONETARY SYSTEM :
THE ONLY MEANS OF
SECURING THE RESPECTIVE RIGHTS
OF LABOR AND PROPERTY,
PROTECTING THE PUBLIC FROM FINANCIAL
BY EDWARD KELLOGG.
Foreale by Kiggins, Tooker & Co., 123 & 125 William
Si, New York. Priee $1.25.
The author lays the axe at the root of the evils of
our currency and financial system. * He shows,
what is undoubtedly true, that the monetary system of
this and all other civilized countries tends rapidly to
make the rich richer and the poor poorer. * *
The tendency is everywhere the same from the same
cause. The condition of the Irish peasant who raises
good wheat and fattens fine pork, but is never able to
taste either, because capital and taxes leave him noth-
ing but potatoes to live upon, will become in time the
condition of the producing classes of this and all other
countries, if the existing monetary system remains.
* * The author shows conclusively, that gold and
silver are not, and cannot be, the representatives of
value, that even, in what is called specie-paying times,
tjtiese metals enter to a very limited extent into the
transactions of business, and that the banks which
are taid to be on a specie basis never have a third of
the precious metals on hand to meet their full liabili-
ties. * * This shows that the writer had com-
prehensive views on the subject, for while his proposed
currency is net exactly of the character of the green-
back currency, they are aline in being uniform, national
and based upon the credit of the government or conn-,
try. * * He shows that a high rate of interest
absorbs in the hands of capitalists all the profits of in-
dustry and leaves tbe producers poor. To remedy this,
in connection with his system of a safety lund and a
uniform legal tender currency, he would have Congress
establish a low and uniform rate of interest for the
whole country. We have not space here to go into the
details of his scheme, which is novel and suggestive.
New York Herald.
It presents an acute analysis of the functions of
money, and abounds in singularly suggestive ideas,
which cannot fail to awaken the interest of the reader.
New York Tribune.
ORIGINAL SONGS, SELECT POEMS,
School Dialogues, Essays, or Lectures on any
given subject. May be bad on easy terms, and of the
purest moral tone, by addressing
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
15 18___________ Hudson City, N. J.
j^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
No. 15 Beekraan St., New York.
ALL KINDS AND SIZES OF PAPER MADE TO ORDER.
BENEDICTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landing.
City Map sent by mail, 25 cents.
BENEDICT BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 Broadway, N. Y.
MRS. E. L. DANIELSS STOCKING SUP-
PORTER. Samples of +his valuable and neces-
sary appendage to a ladys wardrobe may be seen at the
office of The Revolution. It serves not only as a
stocking fastener, put also as a supporter for other parts
of the underclothing. Doing away with ligatures and
the depressing weight of the clothing, it permits free
circulation of the blood, lessens liability to cold feet,
pain in the side, headache and countless other evils to
which women are exposed by a dress unhygenic and un-
Sold wholesale and retail by WILLIAM CANNON, at
fche PATENT EMPORIUM, No. 20 State street, room 13.
Rights for sale.
WANTED Ladies of intelligence and refine-
ment as agents in city or country for a valuable
and rapidly ellmg work. Apply to
O. D. CASE & CO.,
116 Nassau street.
N.B.Liberal inducements tojgood canvassers.
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches. Very low
price. Send for price list.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS, Jewelers,
The Most Readable Book of the Bay.
Autobiography op Horace gree-
RECOLLECTIONS OF A BUSY LIFE.
A superb octavo of ovet' 600 pages. Illustrated *
Mr; Greeley has said of it: I shall Dever write any-
thing else into which 1 shall put so much of myself, my
experiences, notions, convictions and modes of thought,
as these Recollections. I give, with small reserve, my
Price, in ex. cloth, $3.50; in sheep, $4.50; in half
Send for Circular. Exclusive Territory given.
Single copies mailed post-paid on receipt of price.
J. B. FORD, & CO., 164 Nassau street,
Printing-House Square, N. Y.
JJENRY WARD BEECHERS SERMONS.
Is published weekly, containing the current series of Mr.
Beechers sermons, commencing witm-lhe sermon of
Sunday, Sept. 20.
A neat octavo pamphlet, carefully printed and suitable
for binding. Price 6 cents per single copy ; $2.50 per
year ; half yearly, $1.50. Subscriptions received bv the
undersigned. The trade supplied by the American
J. B. FORD & CO., 164 Nassau street*
16 19 Printing-House Square, N. Y.
No. 33 BEEKMAN ST.. N. Y.
A NEW, NEAT & NECESSARY ARTICLE
to every one who uses Scissors of any size what-
ever. It readily produces a sharp, smooth edge on
the scissors to which it may be applied.
ANY PERSON CAN SUCCESSFULLY USE IT.
ALL WHO HAVE USED IT HIGHLY ENDORSE IT.
PRICE 25 CENTS EACH.
For sale at Hardware, Fancy Goods and Drug Stores.
8amples sent by mail to any address on enclosing
80 cents to Ofiice and Depot as above.
N.B.Dealers supplied on liberal terms.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
ah kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use. at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
REV. G. SCHAEFFER,
Editor of the Mirror, late Principal Normal
and Scientific Institute, ha? a New and Popular
Lecture WomanHer Equality and Social Posi-
Address MIRROR OFFICE,
16 18 Sharon, Wis,
jg m p i:r e
IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE INSUR-
JJXIT OF CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK
RECEIVED THE FIRST PRIZE
GREAT FAIR OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE,
III New York, Oct. 26,1867,
AND HIGHEST PREMIUM FOR
BEST MANUFACTURING MACHINE
PARIS EXPOSITION, JULY, 1867.
EMPIRE StWJNG MACHINE CO.,
294 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
JJOME LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
258BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
ASSETS, TWO MILLION DOLLARS. 10,000 MEMBERS.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. But lor every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed lor his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will -compare favorably witb any other.
Its Directors are among the first men tor character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are all personally inUrestedin its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
Its assured are not confined to certain degrees of long-
titude, but are free to travel and reside where they
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
tained annually, and DIVIDED to its members inexact
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to pay more than two
thirds of the premium, the balance-remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to be paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
It resists every attempt to rob its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailingfpret^nces.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested.
WALTER S. GRIFFITH, President.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
ISAAC FROTHINGHAM, Treasurer.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
METROPOLITAN SAYINGS BANK,
New Marble Fire-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opposite Cooper Insti-
SIX PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON ALL SUMS
FROM $5 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit.
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
October, and moneys deposited on or before the 20th ot
- these months draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
Q HEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekman St top floor
The homoeopathic mutual life
No. 231 Broadway, New York,
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rales of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
ALL POLICIES NONFORFEITABLE.
CAPITAL, PREMIUMS, AND DIVIDENDS ALL CASH.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow trom Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual ol New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
Send for Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President.
JAMES CUSHING, Jr., V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STANSBURY, Secretary.*
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Asst. Pec'y.
STEWART L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
f. Â£ SESMk}E
At office daily from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents andiSoiicitors wanted.
Dn. John Turner, 725 gTremont street, Boston.
Reynell & Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
Charles G. Wightman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Philips, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
yARMS FOR SALE,
IN SULLIVAN AND DELAWARE COUNTIES
AT GREAT BARGAINS.
Only 150 miles from New York City, near the Erie
D. D. MoEOON, Agent, Long Eddy, Sullivan Co., N. Y.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
WILLIAM GARDNER, SiLVER SPRINGS
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this distriot.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property,
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Dr. a. SMITHS WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reacting, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernereville, on Lebanon Valley Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
Wernersville, Berks Co., Pa.
A TALE OF CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY AND CRU-
It treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Womans Rights andFree-
Love as candidly as Hepworth Dixon.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued.Philadelphia City Item.
Large 8 vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
[See advertisement Oct. 8.) 15 17
jyjTRS. E. Y. BURNS^
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets, Cin-
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Charts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list.
Instruction given at the class-room or by mail in the
newest, briefest^ easiest, and most complete method cf
Phonographic Reporting. Terms, $10 for a lull course
of 12 lessons. Instruction-books furnished free to
pupils. is 18
ON tttf SEA SHORE,
ONE SOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo r
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved,
jand, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
J|R. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, h. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
CLEVELAND HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE
AND HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
Monday in November and end about the first of March.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
the able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS,vM.D., Register,
No. 195 Erie st., Cleveland, O.
"PRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH. *
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
THE NEW METHOD OF TEACHING
GRAMMAR referred to in this paper of July 30th
may be bad by addressing the authoress,
MRS. CARRIE LEONARD,
Hudson City, New Jersey
jyÂ£RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
NEW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE FOR
Women, will begin their Sixth Aunual Term of
twenty weeks, at their new College in Twelfth street, cor-
ner of Second avenue, the first Monday in November
For Announcements, giving full particulars, address,
with stamps, the Dean, Mrs. O. S. LOZIER, M. D., or
the Secretary, Mis. 0. F. WELLS, Box 730, N. Y.
OMMERCIAL PARTNER WANTED.
$20,000 cash capital required. Businessjobbing in
hardware, flour, grain, provisions, agricultural tools and
Partner wanted for bookkeeper and cashier. Location,
best in Vermont, and business every way desirable to
an enterprising person. Business hours from 7 a.m. to
5 p.m. Address
JOHN LANDON,Rutland, Vt,