Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. ELNO. 20. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1868. WHOLE NO. 46.
Cfrf flf nutation.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK OITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, )
PARKER PILLSBTJRY, . } vizors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order o/Susan B. Anthony.
post-office money orders
may be obtained at nearly every cotmty seat, in all the
cities, and in many oi the large towns. We consider
theni perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been sent to us with-
out any loss.
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp bath for postage and regish'y, ptU in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ihe postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS!
For TEBEE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, We will
give one copy of
REBECCA; OR, A WOMANS SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement.
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
inson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and bow to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give one copy of
KELLOGGS NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,
Price $1.25.
For two new subscribers and four dollars, we will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ANNA E. DICKINSON,
or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 40 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett. Prioe,
$10.
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Ladys Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $75,
For 100 Subscribers; an elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time,
and are pub up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
tail prices.
PETITION FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE.
[Every person receiving a copy of this petition is
earnestly desired to put it in immediate and thorough
circulation for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Womans Suffrage Association of America*
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.]
To the Senate and Rouse of Representatives, in
Congress Assembled:
The undersigned citizens of the State of--
earnestly hut respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
and women.
NAMES. | NAMES.
APPEAL LOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE.
In behalf of the Womans Suffrage Association
of America, we publish to-day in c The Revo-
lution, and issue on sheets for circulation and
signature, a Form of Petition to Congress in
behalf of Equal Suffrage throughout the coun-
try for men and women.
It will be remembered that in August last we
made similar appeal, limited at that time to the
District of Columbia.
We are now assured that at the opening of
Congress next month, a vigorous movement
will be made /or a Constitutional Amendment,
providing for Universal Manhood Suffrage, in all
the States. We now wish to press our demand
that womanhood also be recognized in the pro-
posed enlargement of suffrage and citizenship.
Womans capacity to participate in the
affairs of government is no longer questioned
among honest and intelligent men. It is a fear-
ful satire and slander to question it, in presence
of hundreds of thousands of male voters, north,
south, east and west, of many colors and races,
who do not know even the alphabet of any hu-
man language under heaven.
That woman is taxed equally with man on her
property and earnings, and held amenable to
every law ; that she is punished' by fines, im-
prisonments and death, is equally well known
and admitted. And it is farther satire and
slander of both her intellectual and moral sense
to say that under such circumstances she does
not wish to vote. Fear may at times induce
her to say she does not, as slaves would deny in
presence of their masters that they wished to be
free. But they did not deny it to General Sher-
man, as his bugles sojinded their emancipation
over the southern plains, from Chattanooga to
* Charleston.
As a member of the body social and politic,
woman is bound too, not as a right alone but as
an obligation, in every way to guard its interests
and seek its welfare.
Woman was not always admitted to full
membership in the Church. Now she is solemn-
ly urged to unite with it as a duty, if not a pri-
vilege. Certainly no less, and for even better
reasons, is it her duty to be an active power in
the government of her country.
The present is the most favorable opportuni-
ty ever presented to press the obligation upon
woman, and upon man also, who by force with-
holds from her, her natural, inalienable and
inextinguishable rights.
We therefore present to-day with confidence
as well as hope, this earnest appeal. We shall
distribute the Form of Petition as widely as
possible. Any persons wishing for it, but who
do not receive it immediately, are earnestly de
sired to copy from The Revolution, or send
to our Headquarters for a supply.
Let no time be lost Let every man, woman,
child even, old enough' to co-operate, and
whose heart is in the cause, lend a helping hand
in circulating these petitions. Become self-
constituted committees for the good work.
Wait for no appointment, no helpers, even.
One, with a settled, sanctifiedpurpose, laboring
in the interests of truth and of justice, becomes
a host. Thus armed and commissioned, one
shall chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand
to flight.
These are days of mighty energy and activity,
in every department of human effort. Let us
not mistake, nor be behind our time. We work
for no one nation, no one generation. Our
cause is commensurate with humanity, wide as
all habitable space, lasting as all time. Let us
appreciate our sublime calling, and act in all
things worthy thereof.
In. behalf of the Womans Suffrage Associa-
tion of America.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Abby Hoppeb Gibbons,
Mbs. Horace Greeley,
Susan B. Anthony,
Elizabeth Smith Miller.
Central Committee.
New York, 37 Park Row, )
Room 20, Nov. 17,1868. )
Agitation.Olive Logan says truly that agi-
tation killed slavery, agitation is in a fair way to
provide votes for women ; and who knows but
agitation may serve to get justice done the sub
ject of American dramatic authorship?


306
§*V0lUtt0*
THE EIGHTS OF WO HAH.
DY MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT1790.
CHAPTER XU.
ON NATIONAL EDUCATION.
The good effects resulting from attention to
private education will ever be very confined, and
the parent who really puts his own hand to the
plough, will always, in some degree, be disap-
pointed, till education becomes a grand national
concern. A man cannot retire into a desert
with his child, and if he did, he could not bring
himself back to childhood, and become the
proper friend and play-fellow of an infant or
youth. And when children are confined to the
society of men and women, they very soon ac-
quire that kind of premature manhood which
stops the growth of every vigorous power of
mind or body. In order to open their faculties
they should be excited to think for themselves ;
and this can only be done by mixing a number
of children together, and making them jointly
pursue the same objects.
A child very soon contracts a benumbing in-
dolence of mind, which he has seldom sufficient
vigor to shake off, when he only asks a ques-
tion instead of seeking for information, and
then relies implicitly on the answer here-
ceives. With his equals in age this could never
be the case, and the subjects of inquiry, though
they might be influenced, would not be entirely
under the direction of men, who frequently
damp, if not destroy abilities, by bringing them
'forward too hastily; and too hastily they will
infallibly be brought forward, if the child be
confined to the society of a man, however saga-
cious that man may be.
Besides, in youth the seeds of every affection
should be sown, and the respectful regard
which is felt for a parent is very different from
the social affections that are to constitute the
happiness of life as it advances. Of these,
equality is the basis, and an intercourse of sen-
timents unclogged by the observant seriousness
which prevents disputation, though it may not
enforce submission. Let a child have ever such
an affection for his parent, he will always lan-
guish to play and chat with children ; and the
very respect which he entertains, for filial es-
teem always has a dash of fear mixed with it,
will, if it do not teach him cunning, at least
prevent him from pouring out the little secrets
which first open the heart to friendship and
confidence, gradually leading to more expan-
sive benevolence. Added to this, he will never
acquire that frank ingenuousness of behavior
which young people can only attain by being
frequently in society, where they dare to speak
what they thirds:; neither afraid ot being re-
proved for their presumption, nor laughed at
for tbeir folly.
Forcibly impressed by the reflections which
the sight of schools, as they are at present con-
ducted, naturally suggested, I have formerly de-
livered my opinion rather warmly in favor of a
private education ; but further experience has
led me to view the subject in a different light.
I still, however, IhinK schools, as they are now
regulated, the hot-beds of vice and folly, and
the knowledge of human nature, supposed to
be attained there, merely cunning selfishness.
At school, boys become gluttons and slovens,
and instead of cultivating domestic affections,
very early rush into the libertinism which de-
stroys the constitution before it is formed ; har-
dening the heart as it weakens the understand-
ing.
I should, in fact, be averse to boarding-
schools, if it were for no other reason than the
unsettled state of mind which the expectation
of the vacations produces. On these the chil-
drens thoughts are fixed with eager, anticipating
hopes, for at least, to speak with moderation,
halt of the time, and when they arrive they
are spent in total dissipation and beastly indul-
gence.
But, on the contrary, when they are brought
up at home, though they may pursue a plan of
study in a more orderly manner than can be
adopted, when near a fourth part of the year is
actually spent in idleness, and as much more in
regret and anticipation ; yet they there acquire
too high an opinion of their own importance,
from being allowed to tyrannize over servants,
and from the anxiety expressed by most mothers,
on the score of maimers, who, eager to teach the
accomplishments of a gentleman, stifle, in their
birth, the virtues of a man. Thus brought into
company when they ought to be seriously em-
ployed, and treated like men when they are still
boys, they become vain and effeminate.
The only way to avoid two extremes equally
injurious to morality, would be to contrive some
way of combining a public and private educa-
tion. Thus to make men citizens, two natural
steps might be taken, which seem directly to
lead to the desired point; for tbe domestic af-
fections, that first open the heart to the various
modifications of humanity would be cultivated,
whilst the children were, nevertheless, allowed
to spend a great part of their time, on terms of
equality, with o.ther children.
I still recollect, with pleasure, the country
day-school; where a boy trudged in the morn-
ing, wet or dry, carrying his books and his din-
ner, if it were at a considerable distance; a
servant did not then lead master by the hand,
for, when he had once put on coat and breeches,
he was allowed to shift for himself, and return
alone in the evening to recount the feats of the
day close to the parental knee. His fathers
house was his home, and he was ever fondly re-
membered ; nay, I appeal to some superior men
who were educated in this manner, whether the
recollection of some shady lane where they
conned their lesson; or, or of some stile, where
they sat making a kite, or mending a bat, has
not mideared their country to them?
But, what boy ever recollectod with pleasure
the years he spent in close confinement, at an
academy near London? unless, indeed, he
should by chance remember the poor scare-
crow of an usher whom be tormented; or, the
tartman, from whom he caught a cake, to de-
vour it with the cattish appetite of selfishness.
At boarding schools of every description, the
relaxation of the junior boys is mischief; and
of the senior, vice. Besides, in great schools,
what can be more prejudicial to the moral char-
acter, thau the system of tyranny and abject
slavery which is established amongst the boys,
to say nothing of the slavery to forms which
makes religion worse than a farce ?. For what
good can be expected from the 3?outb who re-
ceives the sacrament of the Lords #supper, to
avoid forfeiting half-a-guinea, which he prob-
ably afterwards spends in some sensual manner ?
Half the employment of the youths is to elude
the necessity of public worship ; and well they
may, for such a constant repetition of the same
thing must be a very irksome restraint on their
natural vivacity. As these ceremonies have the
most fatal effect on their morale, and as a ritual
performed by the lips, when the heart andmind
are far away, is not now stored up by our
church as a bank to draw on for the fees of the
poor souls in purgatory, why should they not be
abolished ?
But the fear of innovation, in this country,
extends to everything. This is only a covert
fear, the apprehensive timidity of indolent
slugs, who guard, by sliming it over, the snug
place, which they consider in the light of an her-
editary estate ; and eat, drink, and enjoy them-
selves, instead of fulfilling the duties, excepting
a few empty forms, for which it was endowed.
These are the people who most strenuously in-
sist on the will of the founder being observed,
crying out against all reformation, as if it were
a violation of justice. I am now alluding par-
ticularly to the relics of popery retained in
our colleges, where the Protestant members
seem to be such sticklers for the established
church ; but their zeal never makes them lose
sight of the spoils of ignorance, which rapacious
priests of superstitious memory have scraped
together. No, wise in their generation, they
venerate the prescriptive right of possession, as
a strong hold, and still let the sluggish bell
tingle to prayers, as during the days, when the
elevation of the host was supposed to atone for
the sins of the people, lest one reformation
should lead to another, and the spirit kill the
letter. These Romish customs have the most
baneful effect on th'e morals of our clergy ; for
the idle vermin who two or three times a day
perform, in the most slovenly manner, a service
which they think useless, but call their duty,
soon lose a sense of duty. At college, forced
to attend or evade public worship, they acquire
an habitual contempt for the very service, the
performance of which is to enable them to
live in idleness. It is mumbled over as an
affair of business, as a stupid boy repeats his
task, and frequently the college cant escapes
from the preacher the moment after he has left
the pulpit, and even whilst he is eating the
dinner which he earned in such a dishonest
manner.
Nothing, indeed, can be more irreverent than
the cathedral service as it is [now performed in
this country, nor does it contain a set of weaker
men than those who are the slaves of this child-
ish routine. A disgusting skeleton of the
former state is still exhibited ; but till the
solemnity that interested the imagination, if it
did not purify the heart, is stripped off. The
performance of high mass on the continent
must impress every mind, where a spark of
fancy glows, with that awful melancholy, that
sublime tenderness, so near a-kin to devotion.
I do not say that these devotional feelings are
of more use, in a moral sense, than any other
emotion of taste; but I contend, that the
theatrical pomp which gratifies our senses is
to be preferred to the cold parade that insults
the understanding without reaching the heart.
Amongst remarks on national education, such
observations cannot be misplaced, especially as
the supporters of these establishments, degen-
erated into puerilities, affect to be the cham-
pions of religion. Religion, pure source of
comfort in this vale of tears! how has thy clear
stream been muddied by the dabblers, who
have presumptuously endeavored to confine in
one narrow channel the living waters that ever
flow toward God-the sublime ocean of exist-
ence What would life be without that peace
which the love of God, when built on human-
ity, alone can impart? Every earthly affection
turns back, at intervals, to prey upon the heart


307

that feeds it; end the purest effusions of bene-
volence, often rudely damped by men, must
mount as a free-will offering to Him who gave
them birth, whose bright image they faintly re-
flect.
In public schools, however, religion, con-
founded with irksome ceremonies and unrea-
sonable restraints, assumes the most ungracious
aspect: not the sober, austere one that com-
mands respect whilst it inspires fear ; but a lu-
dicrous cast, that serves to point a pun. For,
in fact, most of the good stories and smart
things which enliven the spirits that have been
concentrated at whist, are manufactured out of
the incidents to which the very men labor to
give a droll turn who countenance the abuse to
live on the spoil.
There is not, perhaps, in the kingdom, a more
dogmatical or luxurious set of men, than the
pedantic tyrants who reside in colleges and pre-
side at public schools. The vacations are
equally injurious to the morals of the mas-
ters and pupils, and the intercourse, which the
former keep up with the nobility, introduces
the same vanity and extravagance into their
families which banish domestic duties and
comforts from- the lordly mansion, whose state
is awkwardly aped on a smaller scale. The
boys, who live at a great expense with the mas-
ters and assistants, are never domesticated,
though placed there for that purpose ; for, after
a silent dinner, they swallow a hasty glass of
wine, and retire to plan some mischievous trick,
or to ridicule the person or manners of the very
people they have just been cringing to, and
whom they ought to consider as the representa-
tives of their parents.
Can it then be a matter of surprise that boys
become selfish and vicious who are thus shut out
from social converse ? or that a mitre often
graces the brow .of one of these diligent pas-
tors ?
The desire of living in the same style, as the
rank just above them, infects each individual
and every class of people, and meanness is the
concomitant ot this ignoble ambition ; but
those professions are most debasing whose
ladder is patronage ; yet out of one of these
professions the tutors of youth are in general
chosen. But, can they be expected to inspire
independent sentiments, whose conduct must
be regulated by the cautious prudence that is
ever on the watch for preferment ?
So far, however, from thinking of the morals
of boys, I have heard several masters of schools
argue that they only undertook to teach Latin
and Greek; and that they had fulfilled their
duty by sending some good scholars to college.
A few good scholars, I grant, may have been
formed by emulation and discipline ; but, to
bring forward these clever boys, the health and
morals of a number have been sacrificed.
The sons of our gentry and wealthy com-
moners are mostly educated at these semina-
aries, and will any one pretend to assert that
the majority, making every allowance, come
under the description of tolerable scholars ?
It is not for the benefit of society that a few
brilliant men should be brought forward at the
expense of the multitude. It is true that great
men seem to start up, as great Bevolutions oc-
cur, at proper intervals, to restore order and to
blow aside the clouds that thicken over the
face of truth ; but let more reason and virtue
prevail in society and these strong winds would
not be necessary. Public education, of every
denomination, should be directed to form citi-
zens ; but if you wish to make good citizens,
you must first exercise the affections of a son
and brother. This is the only way to expand
the heart; for public affections, as well as public
virtues, must ever grow out of the private char-
acter, or they are merely meteors that shoot
athwart a dark sky, aud disappear as they are
gazed at and admired.
Few, I believe, have had much affection for
mankind who did not first love their parents,
their brothers, sisters, and even the domestic
brutes whom they first played with. The ex-
ercise of youthful sympathies forms the moral
temperature ; and it is the recollection of these
first affections and pursuits that gives life to
those that are afterwards more under the direc-
tion of. reason. In youth, the fondest friend-
ships are formed, the genial juices mounting at
the same time, kindly mix ; or, rather the heart
tempered for the reception of friendship is ac-
customed to seek for pleasure in something
more noble than the churlish gratification of
appetite.
In order, then, to inspire a love of home and
domestic pleasures, children ought to be edu-
cated at home, for riotous holidays only make
them fond of home for their own sakes. Yet,
the vacations, which do not foster domestic af-
fections, continually disturb the course of study,
and render any plan of improvement abortive
which includes temperance; still were they
abolished, children would be entirely separated
from their parents, and I question whether they
would become better citizens by sacrificing the
preparatory affections, by destroying the force
of relationships that render the marriage state
as necessary as respectable. But if a private
education produces self-importance, or insu-
lates a man in his family, the evil is only
shifted, not remedied.
(lo he Continued.)
VOTING OF VINELAND WOMEN
Vineland, N. J., Nov. 5, 1868.
At a meeting of women held the week be-
fore election, a unanimous vote was taken that
we would go to the polls on the 3d of Nov.
Subsequently, John Gage, chairman of the
Woman Suffrage Association of Vineland,
called a meeting of men and women on
the 2d of November. Though the day was
an inclement one, there was a good attend-
ance. A number of earnest men as well as
women addressed the audience. Among them
were Colonel Moss, of Missouri, and Jas. M.
Scovel, of Camden, N. J., State Senator, who
strengthened and animated us by their words
of earnest eloquence and zeal in the cause of
Woman Suffrage.
At 7s a.m., on November 3d, John and
Portia Gage and myself entered Union Hall,
where the judges of election had already es-
tablished themselves for the day. Instead of
occupying the centre of the platform, and
spreading themselves as widely as possible,
they had taken one side of il, apparently for
the purpose of leaving us room enough on the
other. Silently thankingjbhem in our souls, we
seated ourselves in chairs brought for the occa-
sion ; when one gentleman placed a small table
for cur use. Another inquired if we were com-
fortable, and the room sufficiently warm ?
Truly, we thought, this, does not look
like a very terrible opposition.
As time passed, there came more of men and
women into the Hall. Quite a number of the
latter presented their votes first, at the table
where those of men were received. When they
were rejected, and this was done with politeness,
they were taken to the other side of the plat-
form, and deposited in our box. Shall I de-
scribe this box? It is twelve inches long and
six wide ; originally a grape-box. Very signifi-
cant of Vineland, you say.
Soon there came to the aid of Mrs. Gage and
myself a blooming and beautiful young lady,
Estelle Thomson, who, with muchof grace and
dignity, sat there throughout the day, recording
the names of the voters. It would have done
you good to have witnessed the sceiie. Mar-
garet Pryor, who is better known to you per-
haps than to many of your readers, as one whose
life has been active iu the cause of freedom for
the negro and for woman ; a charming old lady
of eighty-four years, yet with the spirit, elasti-
city and strength of one of thirty-five, sat there
in her nice Quaker bonnet by the side of Miss
Thomson a great part of the day. Sarah Pear-
son, also advanced in years and eminent for her
labors of love for the suffering and oppressed
everywhere, with her peculiarly delicate organi-
zation and sweet and placid countenance, re-
mained with us till the last moment.
But there was no lack of friends and sup-
porters. Men, as well as women, gave us the
light of their countenances and the benediction
of their souls. The platform was crowded with
earnest, refined, intellectual women, who felt
that it was good for them to be there. One
beautiful girl said, in my hearing, I feel so
much stronger for having voted.
The vote of no one was taken unless she was
twenty-one years of age, though quite a num-
ber of girls plead for the privilege, almost with
tears. One young lady, an invalid, said to her
physician: - '
You must, make me well enough to go to
that Hall and vote.
It will be impossible for you to do it, lie
replied, unless you are carried there.
Thus you see women do not want to vote! .
A number of boys smoked, to show their in-
dependence of their mothers, I suppose. These
were rebuked by the men, and requested to
leave with their cigars. And yet there was not
so much of this annoyance as we frequently
have in a depot or post-office. The scene
sometimes, as viewed from the platform, was
peculiarly interesting. Others thought so also,
and before we were aware, we fouud the tube of
an artist pointed at us.
One circumstance was especially delightful.
At different times in the afternoon, four colored
women came into the Hall and cast their votes.
They were received with cheers by the crowd,
and with a warm welcome by us. On being
asked if they would vote the republican or de-
mocratic ticket, they all replied, 0, we go for
Grant!
It was pleasant to see husbands and wives
enter the Hall together, only they had to sepa-
rate, one turning to the right hand, and the
other to the left, when no separation should
have taken place.
Some women spent the day in going after
their friends and bringing them to the Hall.
Young ladies, after voting, went to the homes
of their acquaintances, and took care of their
babies, while they came out to vote. Will this
fact lessen the alarm of some men for the
safety of the babies of enfranchised women on
election day ? One lady of refinement and aris-
tocratic birth brought her little .girl of ten
years with her, and I assure you it did the men
good as well as us. They said they never had
so quiet and pleasant a time at the polls be ore,


308

though it is always more quiet here than \u
many other towns, because the sale of ardent
spirits is forbidden.
John Gagebless his dear soulidentifies
himself completely with this glorious cause,
aud labors with an earnestness and uniformity
of purpose that are truly charming. He brings
the weight of his influence* to bear in our favor.
His team was out all day, bringing women to
vote, half a dozen at a time, while his personal
eftorts were unremitting and eminently success-
ful. He and his noble wife, Portia, seem to be
indeed one in thought and action. Some time
ago, he sent a pledge to the candidates for of-
fice in this state. By signing it, they promise
to sustain the cause of Woman Suffrage by
every means in their power. Nixon, candidate
for the Senate, signed it last year. House, can-
didate for the Assembly, signed the pledge at
the eleventh hour, and though he lost two of
our votes in consequence, yet he, too, is elected.
Thus we have, at least, three public men in
New Jersey pledged to sustain the Woman
Suffrage cause. We think it is time to say to
candidates for office:
You tell us we have a good deal of influence,
and ask us to exert it for your election. We
will do so, if you will promise to advocate our
cause. If you do not, we will oppose your
election.
The result of the ballots cast by the women
of Vineland is this : For PresidentGrant, one
hundred and sixty-four; Seymour, four ; E.
Cady Stanton, two; Fremont, one ; and Mrs.
Gov. Harvey, of Wis., one.
The President of the Historical Society of
Vineland, S. C. Campbell, has petitioned for
our ballot-box and list of voters, to put into its
archives. He will probably get them.
A gentleman said to me last week :
What is the use of your doing this ? Your
votes will count nothing in the election.
It will do good in two ways, I replied.
You say there will not be five women there.
It will show you that you are mistaken ; that
women do want to vote, and it will strengthen
them for action in the future.
Both these ends have been accomplished ; and
on the 12th inst. we are to meet again, to con-
sider and decide what to do about the taxation
that is soon coming upon us.
- E. A. Kingsbury.
CONCERNING THE NAMES OF WOMEN
To women who hold the theory that they are
independent, thoughtful beings, able to support
themselves, and something more than the pets
mid playthings of men, I have a suggestion to
offer.
It would be more dignified, and sound much
better in coming before the public, if women
would give their Christian names in full, with-
out disfiguring them with any of the diminutives
that are so fashionable and common. Elizabeth
is a stately name; but Lizzie is suggestive of
one who is weak mid dependent, however lovely
she may be. Catharine is beautiful and strong
but Katie or Kittle!what a burlesque on the
orginal name. So wi*h all pet or nick names.
Who could imagine Miss Anthony doing so
ridiculous a thing as to call herself Susie ?
Think of Hattie Stowe or Maggie Fuller! One
Kansas paper had the hardihood to nick name
Mrs. Stanton, Liz., but it produced a tremen-
dous recoil on the editors lead. How ridiculous
would men appear in public or in business life
with their names thus belittled? Wouldnt
Sandy T. Stewart sound well as a merchant
prince ? or Johnny C. Green or Willie E. Dodge?
True, we can say Andy Johnson and feel that
it is appropriate, but think of Lyssie Grant
or Cumpy Sherman, or Phillie Sheridan or
Sammy Chase! Men dont want their names
minced or belittled as if they were babies. So
give us your full names, ladies ; it will add dig-
nity and strength to all yon say or do. One of
the correspondents of The Revolution signs
herself Lizzie Leavenworth, M.D. Now I shall
never take any of her medicinesnot one single
homoeopathic pill f ittill she calls herself
Elizabeth. I feel relieved now, and remain
yonrs sincerely,
Helen.
MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE.
BY THE WIFE OF A. PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER..
I have read with the greatest interest an ar-
ticle with the above title in The Revolution
of Oct. 22d, written by Mrs. Stanton, and to all
that she says I wish to respond with a hearty
Amen.
For many years it has been my privilege and
my pleasure to labor with my husband for the
welfare of his people. In the position of pas-
tors wife, it has been my fortune to win the
confidence of many abused and miserable wives;
and oftentimes they have come to me for sym-
pathy and advice. I have heard tales of woe alike
from tbe lips of youth and beauty, and the hag-
gard, toil-worn and prematurely oldbond
slaves of the drunkard and the debauchee. As
I have pondered upon their miseries and tried
to devise means to help them, I have seen no
relief short of immediate and unconditional re-
lease from their husbands. But when I have
proposed this to any of these suffering women,
they have plied me with perplexing and unan-
swerable questions till I have felt myself utterly
overcome, confounded, and appalled as I real-
ized their awful enthrallment. I cannot get
any share of our property and how shall I sup-
port myself? The law will take away my chil-
dren and give them to their father! Society
will consider me disgraced! My children will
be disgraced! Who will care for my little
ones ? Who could answer questions like
these ?
The image of one poor woman, a member of
our church, I shall carry with me through life.
She was so pretty, so intelligent, the wife of a
mechanic who bad a lucrative trade. Accident
discovered to me that her husband often became
intoxicated and abused her, and squandered their
property ; and when she saw that I knew it, she
told me all. Oh what a tale of horror! She
gave birth to a child nearly every year. One of
her children her husband crippled by his vio-
lence, when it was an infant, so that it would
never he aVle to walk. Once he so abused her,
when near her confinement, as to cause the pre-
mature birth and death of her child. All this
in respectable society, remember ; for the poor
woman had one decent suit of clothes saved from
her wedding wardrobe in which she appeared
in public and came to church on Sabbath. How
long she struggled to keep up appearances and
make people believe that all was right! but
finally she went back to her people with shat-
tered health and four or five little children with-
out a cent to support them.
There must he some way to reform this aw-
ful abuse of marriage. Our law-makers cannot
see how ? Well, when women get the ballot
as they willthey will show them. Power and
real sympathy for abused women will discover a
way or make one.
A WOMAN AT THE REGISTERS OFFICE.
Editors of the Revolution:
Being anxious to vindicate my right to the
franchise and also to test that right before the
proper authorities, I undertook on Saturday
night, Oct. 31st, to take the initiative step by
registering my name at the office established for
that purpose in an up-town district of which
I am a resident. I was accompanied by two
persons, competent witnesses to prove that as a
citizen I was complying with the requirements
of the law regarding registrars. I will state
here that I am twenty-five years of age, was
born in the State, have lived three years in the
city and six days in the district, thus fulfilling
the requirements of the law, that persons voting
shall be citizens having lived one year in the
State and three days in the District.
The office was in a shoemakers shop. The
four officers sat masculinely independent, with
hats on and segars m their mouths. As I made
my appearance before their honorable body, one
of thorn, a German and a Republican, politely
took off his hat, and offered me his chair. I
made known my errand. At this juncture one
thing appeared significant, every one of those
gentlemen, at my approach, instinctively closed
the books before them. And one of the demo-
crats, a person about my own age, took his feet
down from the top of the chair on which they
were elevated and, straightening himself up with
an air which he meant to be dignified, but which
miserably failed, exclaimed,. No, I register no
womans name in my book to-nightwhile blank
astonishment was depicted upon the faces of al^
four. Will you tell me, gentleman, said I, on
what grounds you deny me the right of regis-
tering my name ? One answered that it was
unprecedented, he had never heard of such a
proceeding. Another informed me coldly that
only citizens could register and asked to see my
papers. I told him I was not aware that persons
born in this country, as I had just informed him
I was, had need to show papers of naturaliza-
tion. And again I asked, Gentlemen, is there
any law against my registering my name ? They
didnt know ; looked at their books to see,
guessed there wasnt, and finally appealed to a
-policeman who was present to know if it was the
law? Policeman didnt know, hut during the
twelve years he had been present during the
registering of names no such application had
ever been made till now. I told him that I was
unacquainted with the law, but supposed that
officers considered competent to perform its
duties should and would be versedin the law
requirements of their especial business. As
we were debating this subject, a young man, not
much over twenty-one, with a suspicion of a
moustache on his lip, the slightest suggestion
of down where his English whiskers are to he,
and such fashionably slender apologies for legs,
chat an attenuated rattan supported his fee-
ble steps, came in. Instantaneously obsequi-
ous smiles overspread and beamed with genial'
glow upon the heretofore glumly blank counte-
nances of my interlocutors ; the books, as if en-
dowed with the spirits influencing their holders,
flew open. What is your name, sir? Lived the
required time in the state? All right, no sneer
here, no asking for papers, no reference to tha


309

high authority of the lawthe Policeman. So
I asked them why this difference of treatment
between this young man and myself? I do not
come here to have you decide on my right
to vote. I know as well as you do that I cannot
deposit my ballot as the law stands now. I
came to register myself as an applicant for the
privilege of the ballot, just as this young man
does, and if there is no law against it, I wish
you to register my name. Again they said they
were afraid of violating some law of whose ex-
istence they were not aware, and so refused me.
I wonder if they, scrupulous as they are of over-
stepping some law which trammels and ham-
pers women in her life Work, are as careful for
womans sake to keep all other laws in which
her welfare is involved ?
During the conversation, they asked me if I
believed in Womans Rights. X answered them
as X thought best; but here I ask, why should
they ask me concerning the articles of my be-
lief, any more than the slender youth who rep-
resented masculinity ? They were not anxious
concerning'his views of mans rights or wo-
mans wrongs, and had they inquired, it would
only have been considered an impudent med-
dling with what was none of their business.
Hoping that other Women may have succeeded
where I so utterly failed, and that before another
Presidential election our right to the franchise
may be established before the law,
I am faithfully yours, * *
THE INDIAN WARS.
The following letter from Bishop Whipple of
Minnesota was sent by him to the recent Indian
Commission that sat in Chicago. Our present
fearful relations to the now scattered, wasted
and peeled, sons of the forest, should give the
testimony of the eminent bishop great weight,
considering, too, how well qualified he is to be
heard on the subject:
Tremont House, Chicago, Oct. 7,1868.
Gentlemen : I write to you freely, as to a Commis-
sion appointed by the nation to examine and redress
wrongs whioh have been inflicted upon the Indians,
who are wards of the government. Your commission
was appointed at the earnest request of Christain men
who have vainly attempted to secure justice to the In-
dians. To you we all look, and of you the nations ill
require a strict account. I feel more keenly this history
of shame, because it casts a foul blot on the nations
honor; because I believe God is just and will require
that we shall reap exactly what we sow. The sad expe-
rience of a century ought to teaoh us, where robbery and
wrong are the seed, blood will be the harvest. I am aware
of the fearful clamor for vengeauce which rises along
our border. I know by the bitterness of my own expe.
rience the horrors of savage warfare. I have too many
friends in nameless graves to offer one excuse for savage
violence. But even this does not and cannot release us
from the claims of justice, of humanity and of our fear
of God. We are making history, and as true as Gods
words are true, if we continue the course wehavefol-
lowdd, His curse will fall on us and our children. There
is no question that our Indian system is a blunder
more than a crime, because its glaring evils would have
been redressed if it had ever been calmly considered. We
recognize them as nations, we pledge them our faith, we
enter into solemn treaties, and these treaties are ratified,
as with all foreign Powers, by the highest authority in
the nation. You knowevery man who ever looked into
our Indian affairs knowsit is a shameless lie. The
treaties are ofteu conceived in fraud, and made solely to
put money in some while mans pocket. We send them
agents, knowing at the time we send them that they must
steal, that they cannot and will not live on their pittance
of saliry. The agent and his employees are appointed as
a political reward tor party service. Then follow fraud
in contracts, pilfering in annuities, violation of solemn
pledges and frequent removals. Tbe savage is thus left
without law to protect, with no incentive to labor, with
harpies to plunder, and vice and crime holding a carni-
val of death, until,, maddened with frenzy, he wreaks his
vengeance on innocent people.of the border. Then fol.
low our vain attempts at redress. Instead of calmly
looking at the cause of the war and redressing wrong
we Christian men wage a blind war, often destroying our
own friends, and, it has happened that we have wantonly
murdered helpless women and children. We spend
millions, we kill ten of our own men to one IndiaD, and
finally settle down on the Devil's own idea that our only
hope is in extermination. There is only one Being who
can exterminate, and a nation with a half million of
graves over which the grass has hardly grown ought to
learn this truth. I admit all you can say of the difficulty,
but I do know that if we give God the will he will find us
the way. The army may and must protect our people.
It is a false protection if they repeat scenes which have
taken place, and which only served to arouse into tenfold
more of hate all the passions of a savage race. In many
instances, if time were given, or if friendly Indians
were employed, murderers would be given up by Indians
themselves, and if not, we should war on the guilty.
The people know that it is cheaper to feed than to fight
Indians. There is a great heart in the Saxon race, which
although slow to act, will redress wrong. The Indians
can be taught to labor. They can receive the Gospel. I
know of no heroes among our own race of greater
fidelity than some of these poor Indians during the war,
I will not detain you longer. If you will allow me, I
will forward to you in writing details of the history of
the Sioux war, and the operations of our Indian system
in Minnesota, which I made verbally to-day. Permit me
io assure you of the sympathy, aid and prayers of many
who pity the helpless, and who believe that their ciy
ascends to God. Yours, respectfully,
H. B. Whipple.
LOBBYITES.
Boston, November, 5th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
I have never been an advocate of Female Suffrage, or
Womans Rights, having been blessed (cursed ?) in never
feeling the need of either.
A few weeks since, while I was in Washington, I met an
influential man, one whose name is as well known as any
in that city of notables and was unwillingly drawn into
a discussion on the subject of Female Suffrage, and
among the strong arguments against it was this : Wo-
men now-influence the votes at the Capitol in a great de-
gree ; in fact, we are beset by these lobbyites on every oc-
casion ; they are a-------- nuisance, and they have
great power and influence and frequently bring about
the election of the very men whom we dont want and
who are totally unfit for anything except to squander
the public money. Being verdant from the moral
Hub, I replied, Well, why dont the wives and
daughters of the men who are fitted for these places have
just as much influence as the wives and daughters of
these unprincipled men? Wives and daughters,
sneered the gentleman, they are not their wives and
daughters bu£_ Lobbyites and' tis true, said he,
. that these,women, handsome, well-dressed, and intrigu-
ing, rule the country. Do you tell me this, Judge,
as a fact? Yes, tis Gods truth, he replied, in
great heat and tndigation. Why do you not prevent
it ? J asked. We cannot p -event it, tis a custom so
long and well established, that he who attempts to put a
stop to it is laughed at for his pains, and accused of
wishing to do so, simply to strengthen his own party.
I am slow to anger and not very excitable, but this
helpless reply of one who is himself in power aroused
every drop of free blood in my veins to a fiery indigna.
tion. You admit, I cried, that these unprincipled
women have a power almost unlimited, that they can in-
duce men to vote almost as tbey will, and you are pow-
erless to prevent it! They put into places of trust men
who squander the Peoples money, and betray the
People's trust, while you look helplessly on, and deny to
your wife, daughter and sister the power (the ballot) to
protect themselves and you against these women lobby-
ists, who have this power without the ballot! I am
ashamed of you. I am ashamed of myself for my own
past blind stupidity. You have aroused a spirit within
me that wpl never rest until every woman has the power
to raise her voice and cast her vote to put into office
honest men or women wfco will scorn to be made tools
of by parties or cliques, and who will retuse to listen to
or be influenced by lobbyists of either sex ; men or
women who will stick to the Right, come life or death.
Yours indignantly for Universal Suffrage,
Elizabeth La Pierre Daniels.
Much matter already in type crowded out,
THE PULPIT AND THE WORKING
WOMENS ASSOCIATION.
I/AST Sunday evening, the First Universalist Society of
Brooklyn took final leave of their church edifice in Mon-
roe Placehaving disposed of it to the Swedenbor-
giansand intending hereafter to worship in Fort Green
Place. Rev. Henry Blanchard, the pastor, preached a
most eloquent and earnest sermon in defence of the
pulpit as a necessary engine of progress. He main-
tained the need of a class of men set apart from the
other business and professions of the world, whose pe-
culiar vocation it should be to preach the Gospel, and
that no other means could be made to take the place of
the spoleen word in regenerating the world.
In his farewell to the sacred edifice in which, for eleven
years, it had been his office to proclaim Gods word to
men, his eloquence reached a sublimity we have seldom
seen equalled in the pulpitor out of it.
At the close of the sermon, among other benevolent
objects recommended to the liberality and support of
his people, he particularly mentioned the Working
Woman's National Association. He also made noble
allusion to Miss Anthony, its President, and to her self-
sacrificing, untiring labors for the emancipation of
women. Mr. Blanchard's sympathies have always been
with the oppressed and suffering, and he is ever ready
to extend the right hand of fellowship to all persons.or
associations whose mission it is to elevate and emanci-
pate this large class. We are happy also to state that
the Rev. gentleman is gloriously sound on the question
of Woman Suffrage, and that he has promised to give
the Working Womans Association his hearty en-
deavors to further its interests, and has engaged to speak
for them in such place as they may designate before
many weeks have rolled by. Kate Sakdeord.
BO SI ON WOMANS SUFFRAGE CONVEN-
TION.
The Boston correspondent of the New York
Times writes as follows of the coming Conven-
tion in Boston:
On the 18th and 19 inst. the thoughtful men and
women of New England are to meet in Boston to or-
ganize a permanent association for the wise, systema-
tic and efficient Advocacy of Woman Suffrage and its kin-
dred civil and political rights. It must be confessed
that the signs of the times indicate the near approach of
a recognition of womanhood. Conversing with a woms n
the other day on the subjeot of Female Suffrage, she re-
marked that, as for the politicians, all I hey do is to dis-
cuss the difference between tweedledum and tweedledee,
and get each other on the hip by calling the yeas and
nays ; and that a little seriousness of purpose would act
as a great carminative to the Congressional Globe. The
signers to the call for the Convention are among our
most eminent divines and philosophers, and they olaim,
among other things, that while we have no Nile to over-
flow and break down the conventionalities of sooiety, wo
ave threatened by a destructive overflow of the Niger, or
something to that effect. The decision in England that
the common law of that country gives women no right to
vote does not discourage the thinking ones on this
side ot the water. They claim that England is old
fogy, and that it is in the nature of things for America
to lead in all great revolutions. It is hoped by the
friends of the coming Convention that such an influence
may be exerted by its deliberations as shall be produc-
tive of ultimately securing a recognition of womanhood.
Vigil.
Good Examples.Sarah Colt, a little girl eleven years
of age. started the Sunday school enterprise in the city
of Paterson, N. J., some seventy-four years ago. She
collected the children of the factories and taught them
from Sunday to Sunday, until she had as many as eixly
under her personal care. This she continued for a
series of years, until she left the city for a season.
When she returned she resumed her labors and was a
teacher of youth for forty years. She is now eighty-five
years of age and still living in Paterson.
It is said that in many parts of Germany Sunday
schools are entirely unknown. Two ladies in Berlin re-
cently organized a school with three scholars each.
They now number 200 hoys and girls, and other schools
are starting in the city.
Iu European Sunday schools, Reading, Writing and
Spelling, and often the rudiments of tirammar, are
taught,


310
SILVER MINING.
A LETTER FROM NEVADA.
Silver Spring, Lauder Co., Nevada, Nov., 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
This thriving town is situated in a sink, on the south
side of White Pine Mountains, and is one of the centre
points of the most extraordinary mining district that
has been located in this country, if not in the world.
The principal developed mines are located on and at
the south-east base of Treasury Hill, at an elevation of
fifteen hundred to twenty-five hundred feet above this
point. On the first level break, at an elevation of fifteen
huudrod feet, are looated the celebrated Keystone,'
Eberhardt, Defiance Shaft, and the Blue Belle
the ore assaying from three hundred to twenty odd
thousand dollars. The Keystone produces, by the ordi-
nary wet process, from $500 to $1,800 per ton. In
handling this ore, which is ol a very brittle nature, a
residue is left, which is run through a coarse screen,
and yields by mill process from $750 to $1,300 per ton.
The Eberhardt mine is the wonder of the age, yielding
ore that works from $1,000 to twenty odd thousand dol-
lars. The ore from this mine is selected with great
care, that assaying over three thousand dollars per ton
is sacked and stored away for smelting (for which pur-
pose there are two smelting ^orks being erected), the
ore assaying less is being worked by the ordinary mill
X>rooess, and yields, on an average, from $1,000 to $2,000
per ton. Fifty tons of the ore from the Eberhardt
yielded sixty-one thousand dollars. Offers of three to
five dollars per pound have been made for the selected
ore. Gen. Page, who is erecting a ten-stamp mill at
thisplace, offered the Eberhardt Company one hundred
thousand dollars for what second class ore they had out
on the dump. The offer was declined. Of the first-
class ore this company has on hand what will produce,
at least, two hundred thousand dollar's.
Immediately adjoining the Eberhardt, a party en-
croached on these grounds, and sank a shaft under the
name of The Defiance," which has yielded ore as rich
in every respect as that from the first-named lode, and
continues to do so with every prospect of an abundance
of the same kind. Six tons of this ore were milled in the
ordinaryway, and netted nineteen hundred and forty
dollars per ton.
A little to the south-east of the Defiauce, the
Blue Belle is located, and yields ore in every respect
as rich as that from the Eberhardt and Defiance.
From this point you ascend a very steep hill, and come
to what is called the Treasury.Hill Flats, where the many
locations, and shafts being sunk, remind one of a
honey-comb, there being so many of them. To the
right, at a higher elevation, is the noted Aurora.
To the left as you descend the hill, you come to the
Snow Drop, which has already yielded its thousands,
and is being worked for more. Beyond this is the
Romulus, which, at a depth of fifteen feet, yields
ore that works nett $490 to $500 per ton. A little fur-
ther on, we find the Stone Wall lode, yielding ore
working nett from $400 to $1,200 per ton. Assays of this
ore have been made as high as $2,885.24 to -over 4,000.
Still further on, on the flat, we come to the Genesee and
Iceberg, which are so promising that Gov. Blaisdel, of
this State, has purchased a large'interest therein. And
so I might name and describe, until I wearied you, and
taxed your credulity.
I send you, by Wells, Fargo & Co.s Express, to-day,
a small box of samples of ore, from the principal de-
veloped mineB of this district, from which you can
satisfy yourselves of all that I have had occasion to write
of them. As the mines may become more and deeper
developed, I shall make such other selections for you as
I may think will lairly represent them.
We have as yet only one ten-stamp mill in operation,
which has been running about ten days, producing
from the ore from the Eberhardt mine overdue thousand
dollars daily ; the mill, during the time, has not been
running its lull capacity. Otherwise the product would
have been near ten thousand dollars daily. This resultis
from the second-class ore and screenings, from which
you muy infer what would have been the product of a
teu days run of the first-class ore. Taking the result of
the first ten days run, and allowing it will be an average
product, we have one hundred and fifty thousand dollars
per month, or one million, eight hundred thousand dol-
lars a year from one mill.
Notwithstanding the altitude of these mines, the
weather, thus lar, lias been all that could be desired ;
one would be very unthankful who could desire weather
more agreeable. It is as lovely as Indian Summer can
bo, and, with the lovely weather, we have a daily acces-
sion of population and representatives of capital seek-
ing opportunities^ investment.

This district is truly the poor mans,; camp. No
district has ever been formed in the stale that has ad-
vantages of development like this.
Politically there is not much to note. What one
would have to say of the respective parties elsewhere,
is applicable to this district. The same blackguarding
tirade that slips so easy from the tongue is in as free use
here in the mountains as in more civilized and advan-
tageous places. At-a political discussion a few evenings
ago, between Judge Pfizer and Senator Stewart, I noticed
on the stand your friend and strong advocate, Mrs.
Laura DForce Gordon, and, judging from;the feeling of
respect that was shown to her, by being on the stand, I
infer that the woman's cause is held in high respect,
and, to develop that cause, I hope to be the medium of
obtaining a respectable list of subscribers to The Re-
volution. 4 w. G.
POS1T1VE1SM.
The following interesting extracts on the
Leading Law of Positiveism are from an article
in the North British Review :
It was in in 1822 that Comte discovered, in the fire of
an ardent imagination "to use the words of an ardent
admirer the fundamental law of human evolution, in-
tellectual and practical. By means of it, political re-
organization obtained a positive basis, and modern
renovation was assured. It was with this law he com-
menced his Cours de Philosophic Positive. The true na-
ture of his philosophy could not, he said, be understood
without first of all throwing a coup dceil over the pro-
gressive march of the human spirit regarded in its to-
tality. The great fundamental law which resulted
from this survey he announced in the following terms :
It (the law) consists in this, that each of our leading
conceptions, each branch of our knowledge (or know-
ledges, to use a convenient word employed by Sir
\Y. Hamilton) passes successively through three differ-
ent theoretic states : the theological or fictitious, the
metaphysical or abstraot, and the scientific or positive.
THE RELIGION OF HUMANITY.
From his earliest youth the idea of the necessity for
social reconstructionfostered by the influence of St.
Simonwas paramount in the thoughts of Comte. The
prevalent confusion and anarchy of society could be
only overcome by the constitution and assured supre-
macy of a new spiritual power exercising an authority
over nations and men similar to that exercised by Roman
Catholicism in its palmist days. We find this idea in the
earliest of Comtes smaller works : and indeed he must,
when a mere boy in his teens, have succeeded in
emancipating himself from all the theologies and ef-
fete spirtualisms he saw around him. It might be in-
teresting to examine the circumstances of his youth,
which impelled him so soon to the conclusion that
the force of theological motives was finally ex-
hausted, and that it had become necessary to sub-
stitute purely human motives, and to build up
thereon a new science of morality and politics. Doubt-
less his native arrogance, we may almost say insolence
of disposition, which made him generally rebellious
against all authority external to himself, was a main fac-
tor in the case. With such a disposition at all events he
began his life-work, elaborated a system of scientific
knowledge leading up to the new science of Sociology,
to which all other sciences were subordinated, and his
development of the laws'of which conducted him to the
conclusion that a still higher synthesis was possible, and
that mofality, involving the subordination of selfish im-
pulse to the service of humanity, was the final term to
which the process of universal generalization led. From
this the step to a new religion of humanity was a short
one. Religion, in the positive sense, has a peculiar
meaning. It must be a religion without a God or gods ;
and therefore it might be supposed without objects of
worship. Not so, however,
COMTES CLOTILDE.
There can be no doubt that Madame Clotilde de Vaux
was the cause of a development of emotional feeling in
Comte, and of a great exaltation of moral sentiment:
and that under her influence he was led to attribute
more to tbe sentimental elements of our nature than he
might otherwise have done. We need not go into the
subject minutely ; but Comte being what he was by na-
ture, it was not astonishing, after his separation from
his wife, that he should become powerfully influenced
by a graceful, accomplished, and amiable woman, whose
position in being separated from her husband, through
no fault of bers, he viewed as similar to his own. The
friendship of the two, was, there can be no doubt, not
only pure in character,- but morally and spiritually bene -
floial to both. She was not, unfortunately, a woman
whose intellectual nature was developed with her emo-
tional and moral; and hence her influence over the au-
thor of the Positive Philosophy was too purely senti-
mental to be altogether healthy.
CLOTILDES COSITE.
But it was certainly due to her that Comte developed
so soon as he did what we call.a positive religion and a
positive metaphysics. Before knowing her he bad in-
deed laid the foundations of the Religion of Humanity ;
but tbe supremacy allotted by him to sentiment was,
according to his own account, due to Clotilde, who was
also, indirectly, the author of many of the foolish fancies
about guardian angels, the worship of woman, etc.,'etc.,
that became prominent elements of the Religion of Hu-
manity. Her death increased, instead of causing to de-
cline, her influeuce over Comte. The too short year in
which he enjoyed her society became his ideal of all tha t
was lovely and of good report. Naturally, therefore,
Clotildes image became the object of his fervent adora-
tion, and henceforth Clotilde de Vaux herself became to
Positivist worshippers what the Virgin Mary- is to Catho-
lics.
INCONSISTENCY.
Under this head the Journal of Commerce dis-
courses thus :
If the Tribune oxpects to pntdown the ladies of Mount
Vernon, Westchester county, by sneers, it will sooner or
later find out its mistake. No reform was ever abused
or ridiculed out' of existence, as we should have thought
the Tribune's own experience in the reform business
would have taught that paper by this time. The women
of the country seem to he taking very little interest in
the movement of some of tbe more ambitious of their
number for free admission to the dismal confections
and unprofitable rewards of politics. If the efforts of
those few were not subject to caricature, and the fair
seekers for suffrage thus made martyrs of, in the acutest
form of martyrdom, the reform would probably die out.
Women themselves,.as amASS, not caring whether thf y
have votes or note, there is little likelihood that men
will voluntarily make that groat change in the organic
law necessary to bestow the ballot upon them. But the
inconsistent and unprincipled course of (he Tribune and
other leaders of radicalism in first proclaiming the doc-
trine of universal suffrage for some millions of ignorant
blacks, and denouncing all persons opposed to that dan-
gerous scheme as copperheads, traitors, rebels,
etc., and then showering derision upon (he appeals of
educated) property-owning white women for the same
privilegesthis course is well calculated to goad on the
women to louder protestations against the radical policy
which ranks them in the scale of beings below the
negroes.
Never were women more painfully disappointed than
when Mr. Greeley, in the Convention, reported against
the expediency of female suffrage. With the beautiful
confidence of their sex, they had refused to believe the
predictions of more experienced political heads, that the
radicals would throw them over at last. Treacherous as
they conceived that blow to be, it was at least unaccom-
panied by those words and looks of insult which are the
cruelest wounds for sensitive natures. Had Mr. Greeley
or his Tribune dropped the woman-suffrage question
just there, we should have heard less of that reform
since. But so long as the Tribune pursues the subject
with such, small ridicule as we find in its editorial col-
umns of Tuesday, so long will the women continue to
rise up and plague the inventors of universal (negro)
suffrage with importunate demands for their own natu-
ral rights. The Tribune is premature in saying sarcas-
tically of the rebuff of the women of Mount Vernon by
the ballot inspectors : Tis ever thus we see our fond-
est hopes decay, and calling it a new decline and
fall. They will be heard from again and often.
The quarrel, as it now stands, is entirely between the
women and the radical wing of the Republicans. No .
other party has, for the sake of securing female in-
fluence in politics, held out promises of the suffrage of
women. No other party has put itself in the awkward
position of declaring that newly-emancipated negroes
are perfectly competent to cast votes while white women
are not. The attitude of the radicals toward the female
suffrage advocates is like that of a man who flatters or
makes presents to a woman so far as to justify her ex-
pectations that his intentions are matrimonial. The
further he goes in his demonstrations of affection be-
fore backing out from the situation, the more culpable
,'is he justly held to be. It is Jeeeause the radicals hav


311

flirted with the woman suffrage movement, and then
dropped it at their convenience, that they aro to be
blamed by impartial spectators, who disapprove of such
trifling with female susceptibilities. To the lookers on
the whole affair savors of a comedy ; but it is fraught
with serious consequences to a party which has thus
recoiled from following out its theory of universal suf-
frage as a natural right.
Pet Names.We are glad to see them dis-
countenanced outside of the nursery. The best
names are pushed almost out of use by this
foolishly fond custom. The New York Sun
shines down in reprehension on the subject in
this manner :
We found it necessary the other day to comment upon
the silly fashion which our young ladies sometimes em-
ploy in writing their Christian names. A detailed report
of a fashionable wedding, published in the regular organ
of the gay and gaudy world, the Home Journal, conveys
the information that a young gentleman who bears the
noble name of Lionel has just been united in wedlock
to a lovely maiden named Jennie, and that among the
bridesmaids three were named, respectively, Lottie,
Annie, and Gertie.
The young ladies who thus give to public notoriety
the pet names conferred on them while they yet bloomed
in the seclusion of the nursery, do not mean, of course,
to be guilty of vulgarity and impertinence, but they
are; and we speak of their fault because it is so general,
especially among ignorant and thoughtless people. It
is all very proper for Lionel to address his bride by the
sweet and affectionate appellation of Jennie, but when
the name of the young woman comes to be printed on
her visiting card, or in a newspaper, it should be done
decorously and simply as Jane. So of her bridesmaids ;
their right names are Letitia, Anne, and Gertrude, and
it is nobodys business by what tender abbreviations or
expansions of those appellatives they may be called by
their mothers or their future husbands. We dont ex-
pect to reform this little piece of social silliness all at
once: but by calling attention to it occasiomly we hope
to enlist intelligent people in our efforts, and thus grad-
ually bring about an era Of good sense and good taste.
A CAPITAL SUGGESTION.
The New York World ask'ed last week :
Do Miss Anthony and her friends wish to place the
young men of New York under lasting obligations to the
elevation-of-women movement, and at the same time
afford lucrative employment to females ? The World an-
swered. A great want of our down-town workers is a
cheap, clean restaurant, or rather a number of them. The
women who with such praiseworthy energy undertook to
fit up and run a printing office, would find it far more
remunerative and better suited for their tastes and
physique to start restaurants of the character described.
We quite agree with our near neighbor about
the want of more, and cheaper restaurants, and
the eminent capability of multitudes of Ameri-
can women to successfully conduct them. As to
those women who have betaken to the printing
business, in our opinion they have not mistaken
their calling, and we hope to see their numbers
greatly increase.
Just Rebuke. At an agricultural dinner in
England, a gentleman rose to reply to the toast
of The Ladies, when from the ladiesgallery
came a voice: Sit down, sir! He did so
with a thump, whereupon a strong-minded ma-
tron rose and berated the men for eating them-
selves, while the ladies looked on with tearful
eyes and hungry mouths.
George Thompson, the English philanthro-
pist, is weak in health and seems to be in friends,
as the latter could only raise £700 for him after
repeated efforts. Monarchies are not le*& un-
grateful than republics.
Physiologists now say that to be ill-natured is to be
sick, and to be sick is to be sinful.-
LETTER FROM GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN.
WHY SHOULD WOMEN THINK MOPE OP REPUTATION
THAN OP CHASTITY ?THE LONG DRESS IS THE
BADGE OP THE WOMAN SLAVE.WHY DOES MAN
PEED WOMAN ON SUGAR PLUMS ?PET NAMES
WONT DO POP, TEE WOMAN TYPE SETTING FRA-
TERNITY.LET US DISCUSS THE CHASTITY OP
MEN.
Dublin, Four Courts Marshalsea, )
October 28, 1868. j-
Dear Revolution : Dont scold. Should
have written, but thought I was coming home.
Forgot I was Bastiled for life. You may as
well give me up. I shall remain until my
character is cleared.
BADGE OF SERVITUDE.
Did' woman, in order to debase woman, invent
the badge of slavery which she takes pride in
wearing ? What practical work can woman do
in wearing a long dress, playing the scavenger
on the cjty side walk? What would woman
say if man wore his trowsers a foot longer than
his boots, or his coat tail dragging in the mud ?
Why do not our women introduce the dress of
Greece or China? Woman must break the
bondage of fashion, and she wiil in time. Has
she not broken open the doors of two forbidden
palaces, Literature and the Drama ; both close
corporations, like the ballot-box, once, but now
as. free as The Revolution. To-day there
are more Rachels and Ristoris than there are
Macreadys and Forrests on the stage. Let wo-
man now break open the gate of political free-
dom and wait no longer for the good time coming.
WHY DO MEN PEED WOMEN ON BONBONS ?
Custom is a tyrant. Man, reaching woman as
a child, of course fed her on candy. Why dont
women have sweeties for men ? Do you not
remark that this bonbon-habit dwarfs women?
A box of French candies, a compliment or two
and the last gossip about a Brokers wife, and
the lord of creation has done his duty.
Women ought to feel insulted at being fed on
bonbons. Bonbons for the stomach. Bonbons
for the mind. Bonbons for the soul. Woman
is seldom treated in church or stats, law or
meclicinefsociety or,politics, except in a sexual
way, or in feeding her on bonbons. Poetry on
the physical system, Novels on the intellectual
system and mental or actual adultery, through
the eyes or the organs of [the senses, brutalize
all that is noble iu a woman. Man never ele-
vates her, he drags her down to his own ani-
mal level and feeds her on bonbons.
By the by why should not The Revolu-
tion discuss the chastity of jnen ? How does
it happen that the word chastity only applies
to woman ? Ought not men to be chaste ? Why
should frailty be the name of Ophelia any more
than of Hamlet? Are not men frail? Ought
not chastity to be associated with man as well
as v/oman ? Pollok, in his Course of Time,
represents woman standing on the street cor-
ners to ensnare the unwary youth ; but I am
under the impresion the unwary youth is always
ready to be caught. Society, however, requires
only woman to be chaste, Pope, a miserable*
caricature of manhood, always sneered at wo-
man. And Brougham made it the law of the
land that woman, not man, was the seducer,
Man was allowed by act of Parliament to have
as many bastards as his chaste nature craved,
provided he paid a half omen a week to the
ruined mother, This is Exeter Hall slavery.
In society, chastity goe;s for nothing. Equ-
ation is everything. Woman fears lashion.
The lash of the milliner will drive her to Mer-
cer street rather than not be in fashion. She
sometimes gives up her chastity to preserve her
reputation and calls it duty. Chastity is virtue.
Reputation may be vice. Man fights a duel
for his honor and woman sacrifices her virtue
for her reputation. Reputation, for .instance,
of being a leader of fashion makes her live be-
yond her income, give up chastity-to cater to
extravagance. All this arises from the false
condition of society. Earrings and laces, bon-
bons and corsets, quack medicines and Restell-
ism are sure to give a woman before three-
fourths of a year are gone, the Grecian Bend.
WHY WILL SENSIBLE WOMEN ADOPT PET NAMES ?
Overjoyed at the success of The Revolu-
tion among the working women, I am sad-
dened to see woman always set herself at a'dis-
count. Man sneers woman down.- often, be-
cause woman lowers her own womanhood. Your
meetings so well reported in the World (what a
jump Marble has made from the low habits and
thoughts of Tammany) lose much of their force
from the use of pet names among the speakers.
When men see the names of Susie, Gussie,
Mattie and Kittle (How would Georgie Opdyke,
Sevey Tyng, Charley Sumner, Uly Grant, and
Jimmy Bennett look reported in printers union?),
it reminds them of little children eating bon-
bons. Pet names are well enough for the
home circle and the drawing-room, but in the
newspapers and as' officers of practical associa-
tion they look -simply ridiculous. Again, the
association of pet names is not good. I have
been in most of the bad places of the world
the Argyle rooms and French Mobiles of dissi-
pation, and I have always noticed that the deni-
zens of these gay places are always called by
pet names. Familiarity breeds contempt.
Sincerely, Geo. Francis Train.
Revolution in Restaurants.We are giad to
see, or hear rather, so many complaints against
the present eating-house system. A lady writes
to the Courier Natalie thus :
There are many needy women who have abundant
culinary skill for this work. Beside the pecuniary profit,
which would accrue to themselvescheap, clean restau-
rants, with well cooked victuals, would he an unspeaka-
ble blessing to gentlemen, who, as a general thing, are
obliged to lunch or dine at an eating-house. Americans
may be said to be a nation of dyspeptic?. Climate has
something to do with thislate dinners more, but the
badJy cooked food, which is served up, in up towhiand
down town restaurants has more to do with it"than
either.
Mr. Corbett, the well known philanthropist of Glas-
gow, has devoted large sums of money, to the erection
of such cafciDg houses in his own city. Both the cooks
and the attendants are women, and time has proved the
movement a success, and at greatly reduced prices too.
This being the case, we hope Mr. Corbetts example will
be fallowed by gentlemen on this side.
Common Education in England.How well educated
they are in England! A country parson one day met one
oi bis parishioners, by name John Cox, and remonstrated
with him because his wife never came to church. Well*
passon. says John, fact be, her be not a Christian,
never was a Christian, and never wiil bo a Christian,but
her says a prayer every night her gets into bed. What
prayer does she say ; is it the Lords prayer? Wei*,
passon, cant say I ever 'eerd it carled by that name, but
her deu say :
Matheu, Mark, Leuk and John,
Bless the bed that I lies on,
Four earners to my bed,
Feur angels lying a-spraid [aapread],
Ten teu fut and teuteu head [two to loot and two lo
head],
Feur to carry me when I be dead.
Goodnight, John Cox.Once a Week,


312
Cln Heulitift
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,!
PARKER PIULSBURY, 1 Editors'
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YOKE, NOVEMBER 19, 1868. *
NEW JERSEY WOMANS SUFFRAGE
ASSOCIATION.
* Just as we go to press, the call comes
or the Annual Meeting of the New Jersey
Woman's Suffrage Association, to be held in
Vineland, on Wednesday, Dec. 2d. Further
particulars next week.
HESTER VAUGHAN.
Not long ago, one day a pretty English girl,
poor and friendless, was wandering in the
streets of Philadelphia, seeking employment
Seeing a respectable-looking man, she asked
him if he could tell her where she could find a
good place to work. Yes, he promptly replied,
he would take her to his country home. So she
went with him and remained in his family sev-
eral months.
But alas! her protector proved her betrayer,
and she was turned into tbe street at the very
time she needed shelter, love and care. With
the wages she had saved, for she was an indus-
trious, frugal girl, she took a small room in a
tenement house, and there, in the depth of the
winter, without a fire, a bed, or one article of
furniture, with no eye, save that of Omnipo-
tence, to witness, and no human heart to pity
her sufferings, she laid one morning with a new
bom child, exhausted on the floor. In vain
she had called for help, no one heard or heeded
her cries, feverish with pain and thirst, she
dragged herself to the door to beg some passer-
by for water, and when, at last, help came, she
was found in a fainting condition, and the child
dead by her side. She was taken to the station
house, and soon after imprisoned for infanti-
cide. Tried and condemned, with most inade-
quate proof, she now lies in a Philadelphia
prison waiting the hour of her execution, and
in the great State of Pennsylvania not one wo-
man has protested against the barbarism of this
whole procedure, nor petitioned Gov. Geary
for the girls life. In the name of womanhood,
we implore the mothers of that state to rescue
that defenceless girl from her impending fate.
Oh! make her case your own, suppose your
young and beautitul daughter had been
thus betrayed, would it not seem to you that
the demands of justice should take the life of
her seducer rather than her own? Men have
made the laws cunningly, for their own protec-
tion ; ignorantly, for they can never weigh the
sorrows and sufferings of their victims. So
long as by law and public sentiment maternity
is made a disgrace and a degradation, the young
and inexperienced of the poorer classes are
driven to open violence, while money affords
the rieh the means of fraud, protection and
concealment.
How can a man understand the terrible mor-
tification and sorrow of a girls life when be-
trayed into a false step, when in the crisis of
her danger, she denies herself, through fear,

all human sympathy, has no hope of future
love and happiness, when every natural pulsa-
tion of the human heart, the deepest and holiest
affections of a mother's nature must, of neces-
sity, be crushed in concealment and' violence ;
as the young victim stands trembling and ap-
palled before future exposure, disgrace and de-
gradation ?
What a holocaust of women and childven we
offer annually to the barbarous customs of our
present type of civilization, to the unjust laws
that make crimes for women that are not crimes
for men! Years ago, a large circle in high life
was suddenly startled by a Hester Vaughan of
their own class, in reduced circumstances, who
threw her new-born child into the ocean. God
and the angels pitied that pale mother, as she
stood alone upon the beach, in the grey light
of that November mom. They saw and weighed
the human agony in that sad hour, as the young
mother fondly kissed the soft cheek of the new-
born infant, pressed it for a moment to her
heart, then wildly tossed it into the blue
waters of a stormy sea. Had God and the
angels been the only witnesses, she might have
escaped the worlds gaze; its falsehood and re-
venge ; for in the Court of Heaven that act was
not registered to her account, but to a priest
who had fled to foreign lands. Unpitying hu-
man eyes had witnessed that sad burial, and the
unhappy mother was imprisoned for infanti-
cide.
The day of trial dawned. The halls of jus-
tice were crowded; old men and young, wise
and foolish, learned and unlearned, virtuous
and vicious, all pressed in to get one look at
the trembling captive, pale, hopeless, deserted,
and in all that multitude not one woman was
there to pity her misfortunes, or to shield her
by her sympathy and presence. Slie, too, was
doomed; but before the day of execution, the
angel of death in mercy opened her prison
doors and set her bruised spirit free.
E. C. S.
SCENE AT THE POLLS.
The Davenport (Iowa) Gazette tells the follow-
ing good story:
Great enthusiasm was created at the Daven-
port township polls, on the fair grounds, Nov.
3, by a spectacle which would have stirred the
patriotic blood of every true-hearted American in
the land. In the afternoon a low seated buggy
was driven up to the polls by a beautiful young
lady. By her side was seated Deacon Gilbert,
father of E. S. Gilbert,, after whom Gilberttown
was named. Deacon Gilbert is upwards of
one hundred years of age. He cast his first
Presidential vote in 1788. in the state of New
York, for George Washington, and has voted at
every Presidential election since that year.
Miss Holmes assisted the centenarian and pa-
triot to alight, and placing her arm in his, ac-
companied him to the polls. He handed an
open straight republican ticket to the judges.
As he did so the bystanders broke into cheers,
which did not cease until three times three had
been given for the aged republican, followed by
three more for the young lady who had accom-
panied him.
What difference would it have made if the girl
had voted also ? Is it more demoralizing for a
woman to enter the muddy pool of politics
leaning on a mans arm under his protecting
wing, tban to go with him leaning on her arm,
, under the shadow of her wing (waterfall ?).
OUR CHILDREN IN SCHOOL.
As our schools are all fairly started for the
year, we would call the attention of parents and
teachers to some of the abuses in our present
arrangements. We do not propose to speak
now of our system ot education, of the folly of
spending years in tbe study of the dead lan-
guages to the exclusion of science and Belles
letfcres, nor of the cramming process to which
our sons and daughters are subjected ; for as
tbe attention of such able philosophers as Her-
bert Spencer is already drawn in this; direction
we trust the public mind will not be long in
forming wise conclusions. It is ot other mat-
ters we would speak, of abuses known and seen
of all men. Look for example what a spectacle
our little children present in the streets, laden
like donkeys with books, to be exported to and
from school, when they should b e free to run
and jump and play. After being cooped up five
hours with their little brains on the rack, how
cruel to insist that they shall study at home,
weary and exhausted as they are, with restraint
and confinement in the close,impure air common
to all our schools. With the knowledge pub-
lic educators have ot physiology, it is remarka-
ble that they should be so indifferent to the
practical application of its first principles to
life. Moreover, under the present regime,
mothers have the teaching to do. They ex-
plain the lessons and speed all their evenings
in drilling the scholars thatrecite in school next
day. Now, for our part, we would rather hear
the lessons and be paid. $20 per quarter all
round, than run the gauntlet we now do, with
our intellectual twigs of various sizes, and
orders of development from Xenophen's Ana-
basis, down to Towns Speller. In school there
are teachers for the different branches, but
American mothers are expected to understand
all the languages, sciences and arts, except the
art of making American fathers feel that they
have some duty in this matter.
Now we propose to these gentlemen to carry
out their own system, which, by their votes, they
have foisted upon us, with all its mockeries and
miseries, under the name of education, or else
give the women of the nation a vote in the
matter. They have made as great a failure in
our schools as in the government. Everything
now goes according to the man idea. We saw
one of these lordly Adams teaching a class in
physiology a few days since, while the atmos-
phere of the room was almost equal to the
black hole of Calcutta. The flushed faces and
drowsy brains of tbe class showed too plainly
that they had breathed the foul air over and
over at least a dozen times.
As we thought of the long line of family
diseases, of Mrs. Joness dyspepsia and consump-
tion, Mrs. Smiths scrofula and cancers, Mrs.
Browns catarrh, bad teeth, etc., etc., all thrown
out through their unhappy descendants, into
the air, to be inhaled by the few healthy, well
organized children we noticed here and there,
we took the liberty of quietly pulling the win-
dows down from ike iop whereupon, the teacher
noticing our movements, threw up one from ike
bottom near two little curly headed girls which
brought a draft of air straight into their ears.
One hates to be too officious or we would have
suggested to the gentleman the danger of such
a proceeding. Now, thought we, these little
girls will cry with ear ache all night, andto-mor
row their mothers will write notes to Mr.---
not to open the windows lest their children take
cold, andjthat will be his excuse for having no



313

ventilation whatever. After the class in geom-
etry had recited, we asked the teacher if we
might give them one problem for solution. Oh!
certainly, he replied, whereupon we propounded
thus. This room is 30 feet.square, and 10 feet
high, how many cubic feet of air does it con-
tain? Ans. 9,000. There are 35 pupils who re-
quire 10 cubic feet a minute ; how soon would
all the air be used? Ans. in 25 5-7 minutes.
The 35 pupils should take in 350 cubic feet of
fresh air in one minute, which would be 21,000
in one hour and 63,000 in three hours, but as
the room only contains 9,000, how often are the
pupils compelled to breathe the air in three
hours? Ans. Just seven times. Then 35 pupils
not only need pure ah* every minute but they
must exhale air from their lungs also, thus
four parts of the twenty-one of vital air are
destroyed at every breath. As the blood and
the air meet in the lungs, not only is a part of
the vital air destroyed, but a poisonous ingre-
dient is generated. This poison, called carbonic
acid gas, constitutes about three parts in an
hundred of the breath thrown out of the lungs,
and as it is heavier than common air it would
naturally flail to the floor. But the other parts
of the air being warmed in the lungs and rari-
fied are lighter than common air, and the mo-
ment theypass from the nosfrils. their tendency
is to rise upward, hence the need of ventilators
in the upper ceiling.
To breathe air over seven times seems an un-
necessary piece of economy when we reflect that
it is between forty and fifty miles deep all
round the globe. It was to prevent the neces-
sity of using it second band that it was given to
us by sky fulls. Glancing round the apartment,
and perceiving that the plaster was broken just
where a ventilator should be we facetiously re-
marked on taking our seat that we were happy
to see that some philosophical rat who had no
doubt been, listening to the lectures in physio-
logy had wisely made an opening where the
carbonic acid could escape, and we trusted he
would finish his work by making another near
the floor that the much needed 350 cubic feet
of pure air might flow in (great laughter).
Horace Mann remarks on this subject: If
the air were a product of human pains taking,
if laborers sweated or slaves groaned to prepare
it, if it were transported by human toil from
clime to clime like articles of export and im-
port between foreign countries at a risk of pro-
perty and life, if there were ever any dearth or
scarcity of it, if its whole mass could be mo-
nopolized, or were subject to accident or con-
quest, then economy might be commendable.
But ours is a parsimony of the inexhaustible,
we are prodigals of health of which we have so
little, and niggards of air of "which we have so
much. e. c. s.
Lucy Labcom.This is a real name of a real
woman. She has been fer several years associ-
ated with the Wheaton Female Sexhinary in Nor-
ton, Mass, where the young women gave seventy
votes for Grant and two for Seymour, as we re-
ported in The Revolution, and celebrated
the victory so enthusiastically. At present she
resides in Boston, and gives her attention to the
editorship of Our Young Folksy in conjunction
with Mr. J. T. Trowbridge. Messrs. Fields, Os-
good & Co., will publish in a short time a hand-
some l2mo. volume, the first collected edition of
her poems. Miss Larcom is a native of Beverly,
Mass., and her beautiful sea poems are no doubt
bom of her residence so many years within
sound of the ocean,
PRACTICAL SUGGESTIONS.
Scarcely a day passes during which we are
not painfully reminded of the difficulties which
women encounter, when thrown upon their own
unaided efforts for support; of the wretched re-
sults of an imperfect, unthoroughtraining for
life's duties, and of the need there is for a total
change in the manner and aim of their educa-
tion. A short time since, a lady, the widow of
an officer who occupied a high position under
government, called upon us for advice in regard
to obtaining employment. Left at her hus-
bands death, a few weeks since, almost penni-
less, she was obliged at once to turn her atten-
tion to finding some way of support. Highly
educated, she yet lacks the experience requisite
to fill any position of employment as a teacher,
and as we know this avenue of labor is already
overcrowded by those who are in every sense
qualified and competent for the position. That
natural resource for woman, the needle, was
now her only hope. Applying to women who
had formerly been her seamstresses, she found
them unable to obtain sufficient work for their
own support, and finally attempted making
button-holes for a shop, lor which she received
the remunerative price of five cents a dozen.
Discouraged with the result of her trial and dis-
mayed at the prospect before her, she asked us,
What can I do ? How can I obtain just a live-
lihood ? Such cases are constantly present-
ing themselves to us. In this instance the
struggle for life will, probably, after a
while, when the government gets time, and the
red-tape formalities are gone through wii, re-
ceive some help from the state as a token of ap-
preciation of the services rendered by her hus-
banduntil thenwhat? What, too, is to be
done for the thousands who have no such per-
spective gleam of light to illumine the future?
We would only suggest to this lady to go
among the influential and wealthy, the circles
in which her position has placed her, and urge
women who are able, to give of their abundance
to help on our Working Womans Associa-
tion, thus making her one of the agents of
the Society. If the women of means would
give of their stores, if the women of leisure
ypould give us their influence, and a part of
their timeif benevolently inclined Christian
women, instead of giving all their Gods
money into the treasury of the church, for
the education of young men, "would devote, at
least, a part of it to the help of their toiling,
suffering sistersif they would take example of
that young evangel of salvation and liberty to
sorrowful, toiling, enslaved womanhoodAnna
Dickinsonhow soon we should see an organi-
zation of such magnitude and means as would
enable woman to run no more risk of ignoble
dependence or unrequited labor than man does.
Most of those who have passed through the
stormy billows of want and have gained by
their own brave efforts ever so small a foothold
on the shores of self-sustainment and indepen-
dence, are willing and glad to help according to
their ability those who are striving for the same
positionbut the means of such are not gen-
erally great.
A bright, beautiful young womanjust passed
beyond the bounds of girlhoodcame into our
sanctum the other day, exclaiming, What can I
do to help this movement on ? I have read of
the work which is being inaugurated by your
Association and my whole heart is with you.
Her beautiful face glowed while she spoke,
and her eyes glistened with tears^ I can tel
you, said she, that I do sympathize heartily
with the women who are trying to extricate
themselves from the entanglement of difficul-
ties by which they arc hampered and hindered.
I have been in the depths myself, and I know
just what it is to suffer and eat the scanty
bread of unrequited toil. Thank God, I am
out of it now! I am independent, and inde-
pendent, too, by my own effort. Now I want
to help in this work. I make $40 a week with
my pen, and half of it is sacred to the wants
of a mother and sister who are dependent upon
me. I will pledge myself to give one-tenth of
my earnings to this cause. Noble girl! How
her enthusiasm encouraged us, and inspired
new hope in our hearts. Would that the many
young, leisurely women who, gifted with the
means of doing almost unlimited good, are yet
wasting these most precious gifts in aimless
. pursuits, and the fashion of the world which
passeth away, would dedicate these young and
teeming years to the advancement of their suf-
fering sisters! h. m. s.
Timothy Titcomb, in a letter from Europe,
says :
Now there are two sights I never can look upon with
pleasure, or even with patience, viz : a cow in service
as a draft animal, and a woman at work in the Held. It
is all the result of prejudice I suppose, and I beg Miss
Dickinson's pardon, and Miss Anthonys, if necessary ;
but, really I cant help it. I trust, however, that there
will be no curtailment in the variety apd diversity of fe >
male labor on my account, and, in the meantime, I reckon
the cows can stand it if the women can. I am told that
when I get to Germany I shall see the cow and the wo-
men yoked together and fastened to the same plow. By
that time I may have progressed sufficiently on this
great question to comprehend the bearings of such a
combination of forces upon the development of woman
and the advancement of civilization.Springfield Repub'
Ixcan.
Really Timothys tenderness would he quite
affecting, if American women did not chance
to know how sedulously he has tried for years:]
by word and pen, to degrade his countrywomen
by ridiculing every earnest purpose in a wo
mans life, whether for higher education, more
profitable labor, or a more dignified social and
political status. There are two sights we dis-
like to see, Timothy on the rostrum or in print;
and we had hoped when the American Tup-
per went to Europe we should hear no more
of him. Alter being hissed out of Yassar Col-
lege by five hundred young girls, ridiculed by
the American press and people for his twaddle
on the Woman question, Timothy need have no
fears that his opinions will have any influence
in limiting the field of womens labor, or block-
ing the wheels of civilization ; he need not even
take the trouble to beg anybodys pardon, be-
cause what Timothy says has no influence on
any man, woman or child in this country. For
our part we should rather be yoked to a philo-
sophical ruminating cow than to such a cap-
tious, crotchety, conceited biped as said Timo-
thy. But we do not mean to blame him for
talking and writing in his peculiar way, for try-
ing to do all he can to keep his countrywomen
down to his level, because it is a great trial to a
man to have nobody to look down upon.
Sydney Smith told us fifty years ago that
there always had been and always would be a
class of men so exceedingly small that, if wo-
men were educated, there would be nothing left
below them.
We hope that Timothy may be enlarged and
liberalized by foreign travel, that he may be
able on his return to meet Miss Dickinson and
Miss Anthony, without being constantly op-
pressed and rasped with a painful sense of his


314
lUe Stwtttttftt.
inferiority. This is all- he needs to make him
sound on the great question of the day.
CULPABLE RK1IGENCE.
A reporter of the New Haven Register called upon
Sirs. Harper, the forger, in jail, when she demanded
to know what he wanted. To see you, he said.
Well, you have seen me, and that will do.* To other
questions she replied, I am nothing hut a woman.'
The reporter adds :
She refused to give us anything of her history, and
we have been at our wits end to obtain what little we
Know of her. She is apparently 35 years of age, although
she says she is only 28. She was married some years
ago, and has two children in Hew York. tSh would
not lisp a word about her husband.
Of course, thi9 woman being a criminal, lier
life and all tbe items of its history become the
property of the public. The solitude of her
cell may be and is invaded by reporterspan-
derers to the unhealthy appetiteof society for
the most baneful kinds of gossip and scandal.
Her refusal to give the reporter anything of
her own or her husbands history, and her re-
marks to him, show that Mrs. Harper, however
guilty she may be of the crime of which she is
accused, has dignity of character, and a scorn-
ful appreciation of her position as nothing
but a woman. It is not needful that the story
of her life should be published to make us un-
derstand many oi the temptations which may,
and probably have, beset her. Men, with all
the aids and encouragement to honest liveli-
hood that the law gives them,' are tempted
to, and do, lie, steal, forge and commit all
sorts of crimes against the law which is made
by and for them. Is it any wonder, then,
that women, who do not make the laws, who are
hampered, hindered and enslaved by the law,
should also be tempted and fail?
A RELIGION OF WORK.
We are indebted to Messrs. Adams & Co.,
Boston, publishers, for a copy of Proceedings
of the Free Religious Convention in Boston
last May, which should have been acknow-
ledged before, but accidentally it was mislaid.
It is handsomely produced and well filled with
the doctrines and defences of this new, aud
needed dispensation, if it will accept and adopt
in action the following remarks by Mr. A. Bron"
son Allcctt, of Concord, Massachusetts:
I have seen many charmed days, and shared a sub.
lime hope ; but this, of all days which I have yet seenj
is the most sublime ; because it not only speculates in
the most transcendent way, and absorbs all thought*
and all peoples, and all races, and all fcibles, but itlooks
to practice ; and you will all be disappointed if it end
merely in convention after convention, annual meeting,
like this, after annual meeting. You say : Wort, work,-
work! Work lovingly, work deliberately, not wilfully.*
* * Therefore, I say, the more modest we are and
the less we say about our religion, the more we shalj
possess. It is too fine a thing to talk about; it is ft pre.
oious thing to live by, and to show in action. So, in my
judgment, my friends, we have had almost enough of
talk ; we want action ; and as I have now but a little
while to stay on any platform in this world, perhaps it
will delight me as much as any one to take part in the ac-
tion whioh must follow. So fine, so sublime a religion as
ours, older than Christ, old as the Godhead, old as the
soul, eternal as the heavens, solid as the rock, is, and
only is ; nothing else is but that; and it is in us, and
is us ; and nothing is our real selves but that in the
breast.
In America men exceed women in numbers
by a million ; and in the West tbe dispropor-
tion is extreme. In California there is one wo-
man to three men ; in Nevada, one to eight; in
Colora do, one to twenty.
GIRLS IN COLLEGES.
At a recent meeting of the American Institute
of Instruction, at Pittsfield, Professor Bascom,
of Williams College, gave important testimony
in favor of combining the;, instruction of the
sexes in our colleges. I am inclined to be-
lieve, said he, that one difficulty is found in
that whi?h distinguishes these institutions from
our high schoolsthe absence of young ladies*
and the consequent want of that natural stim-
ulus which the more varied contact and mo-
tives of a high school afford. The young lady
is quicker, more enthusiastic, more intuitive in
menial action. She imparts a certain brilliancy
and life to the recitation-room. Sho shames
the dull indifference of the careless, phlegmatic
male mind. Her lively memory and imagina-
tion and perception would enter like yeast into
the heavy, toipid mass, which compose the
middle and lower half of a college-class, arouse
the sluggish young men to a better use of their
powers, and cause a little light to fiod its way
into their spirits. Intellectually, as well as soci-
ally, young men and young women are the com-
plements of each other; and, divorced in their
training, the one class runs to froth and the
other to sediment. In no place am I more ha-
bitually overborne with a sense of unrequited
labor than in the college class. Restore again
the relation between the sexes which God has
\
ordained, for which He has made them, and
the quick intuition and eager enthusiasm on
the one side would blend with the profound re-
fiiction and patient purpose on the other.
IDEN11FYING BANK BILLS.
The New York Express says a novel and inter-
esting work is now going on in one of the rooms
of the Treasury Department in Washington.
It will be remembered that nearly two years
ago the Adams Express Company lost a safe
containing $204,000, by the burning of the
steamer Jacob Carter, on the Mississippi river.
The wreckers removed the safe some months
since, and received one-third .of the par value
of its contents for their service. The Express
Company then forwarded it to the Treasury
Department and Gen. Spinner arranged to have
the-contents examined, identified and arranged
for redemption, the Express Conpany paying all
expenses. To this end, three of the most ac-
complished and expert lady clerks of the De-
partment have been detailed for the examina-
tion. It is a work requiring rare skill and won-
derful patience.
The contents were composed of legal tenders,
fractional currency, and national bank notes,
all more or less charred or burned, some to. a
perfect cinder, yet these ladies identify notes
and pieces of notes which are devoid of any
trace of their original imprint, save the inden
tation left upon the surface of the paper by the
press, brought again into relief by the action of
fire and water. The work of examination has
been in progress about one month, anc) thirty
thousand dollars have been identified. It will
take nearly six months to complete it. The
government will redeem all the legal tenders and
fractional currency, and the national banks all
their notes that can be identified.
The Express does not tell ns what the pay of
these patient, persistent toilers in this labor
will be ; but it is well known that their salaries
from the government are not more than half or
two-thirds what men receive, though this is by
no means the first time they have been set to
work which the men there have neither the pa-
tience nor the power to do.
SOROSIS IN GERMANY.
Since The Revolution opened its voice
upon the rights and wrongs of woman, irre-
spective of color, race or nation, its echoes have
begun to return from all the mountains, valleys,
plains and prairies of the civilized world. A
writer in the New York Woi'ld says a female asso-
ciation was announced to sit at Stuttgart, Ger-
many, October 17, which proposes to avoid all
the ordinary Womans Rights topics, and to de-
vote itself to the- discussion of such sensible
measures as the following: To teach young mo-
thers the best means of physically educating their
children ; the establishment of museums of art,
literature, and industry for women ; reform in
dress and an organized opposition to the vagaries
and dictates of fashion ; the transformation of
benevolent female associations into self-support-
ing and earning female institutions. These ob-
jects all savor of common sense, and they begin,
as Miss Anthony now proposes in this country,
by taking measures to teach women how the
things desired are to be done. It will interest
women in this country to know that these Ger-
man women propose to begin their war upon
fashion by declaring that nothing is old-fash
ioned which is found to be appropriate and use-
ful ; that no new fashion shall be adopted which
does not prove to be adapted to the purpose
and to answer the demands of good taste; that
no garments or articles of toilet hurtful to the
health shall be used; and finally the conven-
tionists propose to inquire if a large saving
may not be effected in articles of dress, making
expenses more in unison with incomes. There
is something very sensible in all these proposed
measures, and the proceedings of this reform-
atory convention will excite attention.
We shall look with deep interest for a report
of this Stuttgart Convention.
Madame Audouards Conferences.The first
of the series was given on Wednesday evening
of last week in the Union League Club Theatre.
All the reports of it are of the most compli-
mentary character. The #unsays the audience
included not only many of the leaders of fash-
ion, but also a large number of prominent jour-
nalists and representatives of literature. Many
were there who had been attracted by interest
in the topics to be discussed, and many who
came from the desire to hear a^beautiful woman,
who brings with her the air of the highest so-
ciety in Europe, aud whose social influence is
felt in the circles of continental aristocracy,
while her writings and her ideas have given her
a prominent place in the intellectual movements
of the day. The remainder of the course are
set down for th617th, 20th, 24fch, 27th, and3lth
of the present month.
Working Womans Association.The next
meeting of the Working Womans Association
will be held on Monday evening, November 23d,
at Botanic Hall, No. 68 East Broadway.
Virginia Penny, author of Employments
for Women, a most thrilling work, will address
the meeting.
Its. Favorite Victim,Bhekstoue says wo-
man has ever been the favorite of the ScgU9h
law."


THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE CANDIDATES.
THE CANVASS IN ENGLAND.
NO. m
Before The Revolution went to press the
English elections were progressing ; in un con-
tested elections last Monday the 16 th, and con-
tested elections in boroughs, day before yes-
terday the 17th. The cable has not yet an-
nounced when the country elections will come
off. We will inform our readers of the result
as soon as possible, we give below notes of
the canvass up to date of our hist London files.
Thomas J. A. Robartes, we regret to say,
has decided not to recanvass East Cornwall.
In Sheffield, George Hadfield is again in the
field.
James Whatman is before the electors of the
borough of Maidstone once more.
Sir P. H. Goldsmitd has issued his address to
the electors of Heading.
George J. S. Lefevre has also come forth for
re-election in Heading. The people of Head-
ing should be wide awake on the question of
Woman Suffrage, since their representatives are
doing what they can to establish it. Success
to the Reading Liberals!
Guildford Onslow lately addressed over 1,500
people in Borough Hall, Guildford.
. Michael T. Bass has addressed, of late, large
and'enthuastic meetings in Derby.
The London News, in speaking of Thomas
Hughess canvass in Frome, says that he has pro-
gressed most satislactorily, and the result of
the canvass, so far as he has gone, is such as to
leave no doubt of his being returned from this
b orough.
Jacob Bright, and the other two Liberal can-
didates for Manchester, have been attending a
series of meetings under the auspices of the
Trade Unionists of Manchester.
W. W. Bramston Beach has issued his ad-
dress for North Hants.
A meeting in Birmingham of over 3,000 peo-
ple lately'voted to give their support to John
Bright. It is stated that the canvass shows the
return of the Liberal members to be certain, so
John Bright is safe.
On October 12th, Lord Amberley spoke at a
large meeting in Modbury, South Down.
The Times says it is now believed to be set-
tled that there will be no opposition to the Lib-
eral candidates in East Surrey, one of whom is
H. P. N. Locke King, a Woman Suffrage candi-
date. The Liberals gain 560 by the new
register, which seems to have entirely prostra-
ted the conservatives of this division.
[In No. 7 of these Notes the name of Hughes
got printed Hayes.]
Unqualified Suffrage.The Springfield Re-
puUican is but a representative of thousands of
voices of press, pulpit and every public utter-
ance when it says :
Unqualified negro suffrage will not bear examination,
andmusteventually bemodified ; but tbe circumstances
of tbe situation are so difficult and peculiar that an im-
mediate change is not practicable. All that can be done
hereafter, all, indeed, that is desirable to be done is to
introduce throughout the country an educational test,
impartial with respect to color and sex, by which the
suffrage will be limited to persons of some intelligence
whether black, wliite, red or yellow.
Why cannot the Republican be content to
stand on that basis, and cease its low flings at
the few women who are laboring to the best,
and to the utmost extent of their ability to bring
about that result?

315
LET WOMEN STOP DECLAIMING
Thebe is a lady named Russell, eighty-two years of
age, in the alms house at Springfield, Mass., who has
five able-bodied sons living, all of them well off.
How silly and preposterous to demand that
women shall be trained to employments, and
have avenues of labor opened to them by which
they may provide for the helplessness and de-
crepitude of age! How masculine, profane,
and transgressive of the laws of God and Na-
ture for them to seek recognition as the legal
equals of men, thereby gaining a voice in the
government, becoming self-sustaining, and part-
ners of their husbands! What nonsense and
wickedness! Men will protect themwill take
care they shall not sufferHusbands are sure to
live, to provide for and cherish them. Sons will
not fail to honor and support them, tenderly
caring for their declining years. Surely ; for as
Miss Dickinson says, O, benevolence! O, jus-
tice! O, magnanimity! thy name is Man!
The Lifting Cubea Boston Notionhas
been introduced here (No. 830 Broadway) by
Messrs. J. W. Leavitt and L. G. Janes. The
2ribune says, weights and lifting apparatus
are so arranged and adjusted as to bring an
equal strain upon every muscle of the human
framethe body being slightly bent by stooping
and then slowly, gradually straightened, the
weights being lifted by a stick held in the hands
as the frame assumes an erect position. We
have no skill in medication ; but thousands of
our sedentary workers with brain and quill
might try The Lifting Cure with lasting
profit.
We looked in ourselves the other day
upon this new but certainly very remarkable
establishment, and find the Tribune*s represen-
tations more than verified. It is unfortunate

that exercise ever has to be sought for its own
sake ; but in the present arrangements of Civil-
ized society it seems necessary, and so Mr. But-
ler, of Boston, the originator of this new sys-
tem, has become a general benefactor, as well
as successful healer of many malignant dis-
eases.
Tragedy. If all the world be a stage,
and all the men and women merely players,
the tragedy falls largely to woman to perform.
A London paper says a sewing girl was found
there who lived as long as she could on two
shillings a week, and then she died by gradual
starvation. Two bottomless chairs, a broken
table, a heap of rags, and a corpse were all the
landlady found in the poor giiTs* room one
morning. Our sewing women need but one
more turn of the screw to bring many of them
to a similar end, or to a life worse than death.
What wonder that they are waking to a sense
of their condition, and combining to head off
calamity so dire!
A Card.Please allow a slight explanation to your
kind notice of our New York Medical College lor
Women, in last weeks Revolution.
We do not claim to be Homceopalhic. We acknow-
ledge allegiance to science alone ; and find here ample
room for every honest endeavor. Tis time for women
to rise superior to petty antagonisms of sect in medi-
cine when interests of far more vital importance are at
stake. While we thoughtfully acknowledge the helps
and encouragements of all former and present contri-
butors to medical science, we beg leave to think for our-
selves, and, with earnest hearts and clear heads, to con-
tribute our part towards EtdY&ncing legitimate knowledge.
C. S. Lozier, M.D.,
Dean of the College,
Wobeingwomans Association.The meeting
last Wednesday evening at 68 East Broadway
was fully attended and its proceedings of the
most spirited character. Miss Susan B. An-
thony was elected President of the Association,
by a unanimous and most enthusiastic vote, with
a full board of other officers, whose names, to-
gether with extended report of proceedings, ab.
stracts of addresses made on the occasion and
other particulars, will appear in the next Rev-
olution.
At a late hour the meeting closed by singing
the Doxology:
Praise God, from whom all blessings flow.
Advancing.Iowa and Minnesota have at
last taken their colored male citizens into the
fellowship ol Equal Suffrage. Will the newly
made voters now help or hinder their wives
and daughters in an attempt for the same boon ?
Last year in Kansas the colored men, ministers
and all hands nearly, opposed Womans Suffrage
tooth and nail. So, too, the Colored Suffrage
Convention at Utica in this state lately. Miss
Anthony sent a most friendly, kindly letter, ask-
ing them to include their wives and sisters in
their demand, andthe convention voted in quite
magisteral style to lay the letter on the table
with only two dissenting voices! These were Rfev.
Mr. Loguen of Syracuse and J. J. Spelman of
this city. This may help to explain why some
earnest women are not willing to admit any more
men to the right of suffrage, even colored
men, until women may come also. .
Quacks and their Drugs and Deeds.Ohio
has a law levelled directly against that infamous
class who sell or distribute drugs and nostrums
to prevent conception or procure abortion.
The act is veiy explicit in its provisions, and if
enforced cannot fail to lessen the disgrace we
are subjected to now by the number of bemgs
who make a living by the slaughter of their
race. But the law fails in not including the
newspapers that advertise them.
One Good Sign.Were there more such in-
stances at the south like this, the case would be
much more hopeful. The Charleston Courier
says that Mr. Wm. L. Brauson, who died in
Sumter, last week, bequeathed to his faithful
servant, Washington, upon his death, forty acres
of land, a mule, a wagon, a cow and calf, a fine
stock of hogs and one-half the crop grown upon
the farm the present year. Upon the coming
of freedom, Washington preferred to follow the
fortunes of his old master, remaining with him
and conducting himself with fidelity, and so
also did the wife and family of Washington.
Womans Reason.All the books that have
been written on this subject have been written
by men, who, with all their boasted reasoning
powers, could not arrive at correct conclusions,
respecting womans intellect; they could not
see how correct conclusions could be arrived at
so soon, if they were not through instinct. But
woman does reason as much as manand the
only difference between the reasoning of the
sexes, is, that man reasons by stage coach,
and woman reasons by telegraph. When wo-
man is as much in the habit of expressing her-
self metaphysically as man now is, she will
trace every step of her reasoning just as ac-
curately.
Mary E. Walker, M.D,


316
Site gUtMJflutiati.
Db. ob Doctbess?Dr. Gregory has given
the world a tract of eight pages to answer that
question. He might have been worse employed,
for until women are no longer an exception in
the profession, it will be at least convenient
to have some designation. The Doctor argues
that Doctress, Drss., should be the title, because
it is neater and more convenient; because
Doctor is appropriated to male physicians ; be-
cause the use of Doctress avoids all ambiguity,
and makes it evident at once who is meant; be-
cause it accords with good usage, Worcester
and Webster both sanctioning it, and many of
the most cultivated ladies of the country and
scholars, whose opinions are worthy of high
regard, approving it; and finally, because it is
the title which the Trustees of the Boston Fe-
male Medical College prefer. So then, we shall
go in for Doctress. The Boston Traveller sides
with Dr. Gregory, and so does this Editor.
Too Paltry.The Liberal Christian says :
Tile Massachusetts Convention of Universalists met at
Chelsea, Oct. 20, and had a very spirited, harmonious
session of three days, doing a good deal of routine
work. During the session Mr. D. M. Dodge was or-
dained. It seems that Mr. Dodge had invited Rev. Mrs.
p. A. Hanaford, an ordained and very popular minister
n the denomination, to give the charge, and she had
consented to do so, and had written it for the occasion,
together with a beautiful hymn. But wheu th= time
came the prejudice against having a woman take her
place in the pulpit and perform a part in the ordination
service proved too strong ; one D.D. refused to take part
in the proceedings if she were allowed to speak, and an
other objected to having her in the pulpit even to read
her own hymn.
Woman's Suffrage.Keep these phrases be-
fore the people : human rights, equal rights.
Governed implies the God-given right to vote
lor those privileged to govern. Kansas seems
alive to the interests of woman. At the election
in Topeka, last spring, there were eighty Votes
cast by women. All through Kansas they are
permitted to vote upon school matters in coun-
try districts. It is lamentable that they did
not all avail themselves of this opportunity.
Apropos, There has been a war of ideas rag-
ing for several years in the University of Michi-
gan, touching the comparative merits of Alio-
pathists and Homceopathistsbig pills and little
piUs. Dr. Haven, President of the University,
recently argued at great length against the es-
tablishment of a chair of Homoeopathy, and at
the same time argued with equal fervor in favor
of the admission of women to the universitv.
Young ladies, abundantly qualified, have fre-
quently been refused, and yet the Institution
claims to be the Peoples Coll ege. The Presi-
dent now favors the joint and coequal educa-
tion of the sexes.Banner of Light.
What is a Tirade ?The New York Times
calls Wendell Phillipss letter in last weeks
Standard on Gen. Grant, a tirade. It may be,
but will the Times point out a single untruth in
it? The day may come when Mr. Phillips and
the Times will agree as cordially on Grant as
they now do on Johnson. They once differed
very widely on him.
Enigma.We picked up the following the
other day with no mark or name on it, and wil
share it with the readers of The Revolu-
tion :
The laboring mosses have one privilege left. They get
up at five-twenty in the morning, and work till ten-forly
at night to earfa rboney to pay seven-thirty interest to the
bondholder. The bondholders get up at ten-forty, take
their dinner and wine at seven-thirty, and enjoy them-
selves until ten-forty at night, when they retire, chuckling
over the fact that they have no road tax, or state tax to
pay ; and tben offer thanks to the radical thieves in
Congress for the privilege they enjoy over the laboring
millions. Cant you see It l
Arrest of a Feminine Pedestrian. Madame
Moore arrived in Rochester on Saturday afternoon
and in the theatre in the evening created no little sensai
tion. After the close of the theatrical entertainment she
visited a gambling hell in St. Paul street, and was there
taken into custody. On Monday morning in court, she
said that she had been six months engaged in the walk
ing business, and described herself as Mrs. Anna Fitz-
gibbon, a native of England, aged 22 years. She wore
blue pantaloons aud waistcoat, check shirt, sack coat,
jockey hat, and her neck was tastily dressed with a
stand up paper collar and fashionable necktie. Her
hair was cut short and combed behind her ears. She
says that she can beat IVeston walking, and that she has
made money in some places and lost in others. Her
home is in New York city, dhe has been an aotress In
Buflalo. The Justice committed her to the peniten'
tiary.Rochester Paper.
Men make tbe laws! We should like to
know, so long as the price of labor is regulated
by dress, why woman should be compelled to
wear that dress which commands the lowest
wages. What is Madame Moores crime, for
which she is sent to the penitentiary? gam-
bling, walking, or wearing the inale attire?
Who Pay the Taxes?The papers in the in-
terest of capital are boasting that A. T. Stewart
(the millionaire dry goods merchant) paid more
tax on his income of 1865, than was paid by the
people of ten states and four territories, and
more than was paid by either one of seventeen
other states. To which the Columbus (Ohio)
Ch'isis not impertinently adds:
Now, with the usual honesty of the party, these papers
withhold tbe fact that lor every dollar of taxes that
A. T. Stewart pays in any shape on his goods, lie
adds to the cost of the article with an addition of from
ten to twenty-five per cent, of an advance thereon,
and charges the same to his customers of these same
states and territories, that are represented as paying no
taxes ; so that the indu s\ry of tbe country, at last, not
only pays all of A. T. Stewarts taxes, but pays him from
ten to twenty-five per cent, in addition for all the taxes
paid by him. This is the way capital supports the gov-
ernment.
A Serious Thought.Somebody has well
said that young men should ever remem-
ber that then- chief happiness in life depends
upon their utter faith in woman. No worldly
wisdom, no misanthropic philosophy, no gener-
alization'can cover or weaken this fundamental
truth. It stands like the record of God himself
for it is nothing else than thisand should
put an everlasting seal upon lips that are wont
to speak slightingly of woman. And equally
important, is it not ? that young women should
live m the full consciousness that they are as
well to deserve as to command that faith and
confidence.
Big Business.The papers say, at Erie it
took (a justice of the peace, two lawyers, six
jurors and about twenty witnesses the whole
afternoon to try a case in which a little girl,
about nine years old, had slapped the face of a
playmate.
Religious Liberty in Spain.Private letters from
Spain announce that liberty of worship is proclaimed
through Spain. Protestaut preaching is publicly held in
the convents of the Jesuits, in the Established pb arches,
and in the public squares, amid the plaudits of tbe mul-
titude. Bibles and Protestant books are freely circu-
lated.
Gen. Robert E. Lee has a Bible class of, a
hundred and fifty members in his college, Lex-
ington, Va.' So say the' papers, but can any
body tell what version of the Bible he uses?
A Woman Voter.A woman actually voted
in Lawrence, Mass., at the late election. Her
husband is a democrat and intended to vote that
way, but his wife, who is said to be at least
tl strong willed, met him at the door, walked
up to the stand with him arm in arm, and com-
pelled the moderator to receive the ballot,
which she carried, instead of his ; and so the
poor democrat had to swell the majority for
Grant in spite of himself.
* _J___
L1TLBARY.
Leisure Hours, No. 2, has come : ODwyer & Co.,
publishers, Pittsburg, Pa. Two dollars a year. It did not
like our former notice, for which we are sorry ; but we
did. not say, nor even suspect that their magazine was
a Womans Rights advocate. How could we? We
are happy to agree with our friends, however, as to edu-
cational conditions of suffrage, as they will see by our
Prospectus. Nor would we, by any means, have them
*fmake ponies or even elephants of themselves,
but we commend them highly for their determination to
be {,* original and comprehensive in their work as
journalists, which qualities will surely go very far to_
ensure their success.
Exploration of the Nile Tributaries of Abyssinia.
The sources, supply and overflow of the Nile: the
country, people, customs, etc., interspersed with
highly exciting adventures of the author, among ele-
phants, lions, buffaloes, hippotami, rhinoceros, etc.,
accompanied by expert native 6word hunters. By
Sir S. W. Baker, M.A., F.R., G.S., with a supplemen-
tary sketch relative to the captivity and release of Eng- >
lish subjects and the career of the late Emperor Theo-
dore. By Rev. W. L. Gage. Hartford : 0. D. Case
& Co.
A large, handsome volume of 600 pages, with more
than twenty fine illustrations and maps of tbe country.
A valuable addition to the stock of knowledge derived
from the long and adventurous explorations of Interior
Africa by Livingstone and other recent travellersen-
riched by copious indexes, good as guide-boards, at
every corner when one journies in unknown regions.
The following are the closing periods of the brief
preface which introduces tne work :
I examined every individual river that is tributary
to the Nile from Abyssinia, including the Atbara Settite,
Royan, Salaam, Angrab, Rahad, Dinder and the Blue Nile.
The interest attached to these portions of Africa differs
entirely from that of the White Nile regions, as the
whole of Upper Egypt and Abyssinia is capable of de-
velopment and is inhabited by races either Mohamme-
dan or Christian, while Central Africa is peopled by a
hopeless race of savages for whom there is no prospect
of civilization.
The exploration of the Nile tributaries of Abyssinia
occupied the first twelve months of my journey towards
the Nile>ources. During this time, I had opportunity
of learning Arabic, and of studying the character of tbe
people, both necessary acquirements, which led to my
ultimate success in reaching Albert NYanza. As the
readers of the work with that title are aware, I was ac-
companied throughout the entire journey by my wife,
who, with extraordinary hardihood and devotion, shared
every difficulty with which African travel is beset..
Whoever reads this book of travels will never more
talk of womans courage or power of endurance as in-
ferior to those qualities in man.
The Supreme Court of California has compelled a
mao to pay his wife $2,300 upon a promissory note given
previous to their marriage. The question of law in-
volved in the case was a new one.
To be Pondered.Iowa votes to strike tbe word
white out of the State Constitution, but Iowa, in an
aggregate population of 674,013, by the last census con-
tained exactly 566 colored male Americans of African
descent. Ohio, with 36,673 colored denizens out of 2,389,
511, has just voted that colored persons shall not vote by
a majority greater than its whole colored population,


317

The first college for woman al Cronstadt, Russia, has
just been inaugurated, and seventy-three pupils were
admitted the first day.
MgN And Women. Realities and Possibilities
op American Womanhood.Mrs. Helen Ekin Starrett
has prepared and will deliver, during the ensuing sea-
son, a new Lecture, entitled Realities and Possibili-
ties op American Womanhood. She will also deliver
her Lecture entitled Men and Women, which re-
ceived the most flattering testimonials wherever deliv-
ered during the last season. The Lectures, though
complete in themselves, are yet closely related, the
second being the sequel to the first. Mrs. Starrett
will make engagements with Lyceums as follows :
One Lecture..........................,..$100.00
Two Lectures...........................$150.00
The Western papers contain many very complimen-
tary notices of Mrs. Starrett as a leoturer. Indeed no
one is more generally approved and praised.
THE BENEDICT TIME WATCH.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at tlieir up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches for the Pall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfect time-keeper. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches.. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture ot the move-
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansi on by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stools of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Codon, FOR SALE.
Gh'eeribaclcs for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Ldbcyr Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. NewYork the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emand
patedfrom Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
, for American Bills. The Ch'edit Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Fi'ancisco. More organized
Labor, more Codon, more Gold and Silvet%
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
A PENNY OCEAN P081 AGE, to Strengths
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep biigpi
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
VOL, II.NO. 20.
WHAT IS THE TRUE FINANCIAL
POLICY?
[The following interesting paper by John
Magwire, E of St. Lois, a member of the
late Labor Congress, was written, in reply to the
letter of a friend who requested him to give his
views of the Financial Question, and sent him
Mr. Atkinsons pamphlet for a text.Ed. Rev.]
As requested, I have looked over the pam-
phlet you sent me entitled Senator Shermans
Fallacies, or Honesty the best Policy, by E. A.
I cannot perceive much difference between
Senator Shermans fallacies and Mr, Atkinsons
fallacies, except that the latter may be more
honest in his intention than the former. With-
out criticising the various propositions stated by
Mr. Atkinson, I may say that he as well as Sher-
man does not found his propositions on a cor-
rect basis. If he will bestow as much thought
on the study of Kelloggs New Monetary
System as he has given to Shermans scheme,
and will then carefully read the bill introduced
into Congress, January 7, 1868, by the Hon.
Samuel F. Carey, entitl?d An Act for the
Liquidation of the National Debt, he may have
a more clear and a sounder idea of the subject
about which he has written. His logic may be
good above the foundation, but the foundation
is bad.
Kellogg, in his Introduction, says : A good
house cannot be built except on a good founda-
tion. The mason-work above may be laid of
the best material and by the best workmen, but
if the foundation be not sound, and sink at each
comer, although the house should not fall, yet
this movement of the foundation will distort
floors, ceiling and roof from their proper shape,
and no patching or propping up will ever make
the house a good ona * A valuable ma-
chine cannot be invented except on true me-
chanical principles. The stability of a house
shows the character of its foundation. The re-
sults produced by a machine show the worth
or worthlessness of the principle on which it is
invented. And with equal certainty the central-
ization of property in a nation show the char-
acter of its Monetary laws. If Mr. Atkinson
will first investigate the question as to whether
or not our American Monetary System has been
established upon a sound and correct founda-
tion he may perhaps discover imperfection at
the base that no patching or propping up by
argument can ever amend. In order to prove
that our monetary system is on a sorry basis
and never can become sound until the structure
is torn down and put on a solid foundationit
is necessary to go back to the beginning of the
government and the forming of the Constitu-
tion. After the Colonies had succeeded in
ridding themselves of all control over the peo.
pie by the government of England, and after all
other nations bad acknowledged the independ-
ence of the Colonies, the people were as free to
form any system of government they pleased
as if they had fallen from the clouds. The peo-
ple were at that time in the precise condition
described by Cardinal Beilarmine. (See Bolmus
Civilization of Europe page 292.) To form a
government, says the learned Cardinal, letus
suppose that a considerable number of families,
perfectly equal among themselves and absolute,
ly independent of each other, were thrown by a
tempest on a desert island. The vessel being
destroyed, they have no hope of either return-
ing home or pursuing their journey. A11 com-
munication with the rest of mankind is become
impossible. We ask whether these families
could live without government? No. Has
any one among them a right to govern the rest ?
Certainly not. Can any individual among them
pretend to such a right? Certainly not. Have
they a right to appoint the government of which
they stand in need? Certainly they have/
But the fundamental principle being once es-
tablished, Beilarmine allows to society an ample
right of appointing the form of government
which they think proper. Now ours was the
first instance where the multitude were left free
to choose the form of government which they
might think proper. It was the first instance
of a nation being so situated since the establish-
ment of society under the teachings of-Christian
civilization. Here it would seem God had in-
tended to place the people in a condition where
the true principles of Christian civilization
could be carried into effect. It was a new posi-
tion and when they set about forming a govern-
ment, it is a matter worthy of note that they
could not agree among themselves, until it was
suggested by some members of the Convention
that inasmuch as God had guided and fa-
vored them in the trials and hardships they had
undergone, they should invoke His Diviue aid
in their deliberations ; and it is a remarkable co-
incidence in the history of that Convention that
they did immediately come to an agreement
after having prayed for assistance from Almighty
God. And from the fact that we have pro-
gressed in civilization beyond any other nation
that has lived before us, may we not conclude
that our government bad the'Divine sanction,
and therefore could not be destroyed by vio-
lence. The government established was upon
a new theory, never before adopted by any other
people, and was therefore an innovation oh all
other theories except as regarded the monetary
system, but instead of placing this upon a new
foundation, and in accordance with the republi-
can form of the government, theoldmonarchical
sys tern was incorporated into the new theory,
and it was declared that no state should coin
money or make anything but gold and silver
coin a tender in payment of debts. The Con-
stitution does not, however, declare that the
Congress shall not make anything but gold and
silver a tender in payment of debts. The
Constitution declares : The Congress shall
have power to coin money; regulate the value
thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the stand-
ard of weights and measures. The states are
prohibited from making money: The right is
expressly vested in Congress to coin money and
regulate the value and to decide what kind
of money shall be a legal tender in the payment
of debts. The Constitution does not prescribe
the mode of coining money or sp ecify the kind
of material to be used in coining money ; we
therefore fiud that Congress has enacted that
four different substances may be used in making
moneyto wit: gold, silver, copper and nickel.
May not a fifth substance be used? The Con-
stitution does not prohibit Congress from using
whatever substance it may choose for making
money ; may not Congress therefore use that
substance which is most convenient, since it is
not the value of the material that constitutes
the legal value of money.
Money, says Kellogg, is the national me-
dium of exchange for properly and products :
It must be instituted and its value fixed by the
laws of the nation, in order to make it a public
tender in the payment of debts. Certain prop-
erties are by law given to some substances which
bear the name and perform the function of
money. Money has four properties or powers,
viz: power to represent value, power to meas-
ure value, power to accumulate value, by interest,
and power to exchange value.
The material of money is a legalized agent
employed to express these powers :|tThe powers


318
fftfct fUvtfttttitftu
of money, which alone render it useful, are cre~
aled by legislation; therefore money can possess
none but legal value. Money is, then, a legal ex-
istence, being constituted a national representa-
tive of property, consequently it is a public
lien on all property lor sale in the nation, a pub-
lic medium for the exchange of products and a
tender in the payment of debts. * It is a
popular error that the value of money depends
upon the material of which it is made. The
value of money perpetually depends upon its
power to represent value, and not upon the ma-
terial, because it never can be used as an article
of actual value!
Now it appears to me that if our statesmen
would take these plain and simple truths for
their guide, and could forget that there are any
other nations of people on earth, they would
have no difficulty in placing our monetary sys-
tem, by proper legislation, on a basis that would
enable us, without any want, to enjoy an abun-
dance of all things needful. It is therefore
unwise for us to deal harshly with ourselves by
adopting a system of political economy founded
on a wrong basis. Our monetary system, as
founded at the begining of the government, was
inconsistent with the Democratic theory, and
had, and now has a tendency to practically turn
the government into an $jistocracy in fact.
Sir William Blackstone says : An aristo-
cratic government may be the most wise, but
not the most honest. When government is
founded on the aristrocratic theory, those in
whose hands the power is placed will be sure to
administer the government so as to get control
of the monetary power of the nation and use
that power for their own selfish purposes.
Whenever the king surrenders the power to con-
trol the money of his nation into other hands,
he is, from that time, practically no longer king,
and money becomes king. England, by her
masterly statesmanship, controls the commerce
of the world, and it would be fatal to her gov-
ernment if other nations should adopt mone-
tary systems that would prevent England from
supplying the markets of the world with the
products of her manfactories based on her iron
and coal. The aristrocratic form of govern-
ment in England has destroyed her rural popu-
lation, and driven the laboring masses into the
mines and factories. If the factories cannot be
kept ruuning, the population must perish or be-
come a charge on the State. In order to keep
the factories employed, a market must be found
for the articles produced, and it is of the first
importance that what is received in return for
those articles be of such a substance as can be
made available for all needful purposes. If
England supply the United States with railroad
iron and receive in return cotton, and the
amounts balance each other, there might be no
need of money in making the exchange. But
if England purchase the raw material from
America, and pay in iron, she cannot exchange
the manufactured articles with Russia for iron.
Russia needs the goods manufactured from
American cotton, but England does not want
Russias iron ; neither will America want Eng-
lish iron in a few years more. Then England,
if she depend on America for the raw material,
must give in exchange some other commodity
than iron. What should that commodity be ?
If England could not support her population
except by running her factories, and there was
no other country than America that produced
the raw material to keep those factories em-
ployed, England would be dependent on Amer-
Oft, and the latter could dictate the terms on
which exchanges, could be made, and as Eng-
land had established gold as the only medium
of exchange, the production of American cot-
ton could be increased so as to command all
the gold in England ; and with that gold and
the raw material on hand, American manufac-
tures could increase ; and, in time, having the
advantage in transportation, supply the coun-
tries that England depended upon for a market.
Such a policy might be disastrous to the Eng-
glish aristocracy by throwing their laboring
population out of employment. But English
statesmen could see how such consequences
could be checked. American cotton was pro-
duced by forced labor, slave labor. Slavery
being an institution inconsistent with ou r
theory of government, and opposed to the
teachings of the Gospel, was a vulnerable point
for attacking our American agricultural com-
merce so as to destroy it. Our statesmen could
not see this, and instead of abolishing the in-
stitution by proper legislation, so as to preserve
the negro labor, they madly went into a war
which not only destroyed the slave labor bnt de-
stroyed the lives of half a million of the'wbite
population, and utterly destroyed our agricul-
tural commerce. To bring our American com-
merce to this condition, England sent mission-
aries into the Northern states in 1832, who in-
fluenced the public sentiment in the non-slave-
holding states to mutiny against the people of
the slave states.* Slavery had to he abolished
at once without giving time for calm legis-
lation. In this instance, our government failed
in being the most wise, if even the most honest.
England or Prance never would have suffered
half a million of their best population to be
slaughtered in order to make a change in their
system of government, especially when such a
change would receive the sanction of the civil-
ized world. When the war was once begun,
England secured all the cotton that could be
shipped, and then supplied the Southern army
and navy with everything necessary to carry on
the war, except the officers and soldiers, and
received about one half of all the gold coin in
the United States. With that gold England has
established cotton culture in Egypt, in India
and Asia, where she can command labor on her
own terms, and in]a very few years can do without
American cotton. Meanwhile she has secured
the markets of the Indies, of China and Ja-
pan so surely as to keep out American compe-
tition. The railroads now projected into all re-
gions of the old world where valuable produc-
tions can be had, will give England a market for
her poor quality of railroad iron when we cease
to purchase it.
It may be asked, how can this have any bear-
ing on our monetary system? if gold is the
money of the world, must we not follow the
established rule? If it were true that no other
material than gold can be used as money
then we should be obliged to follow that
rule. But who is to decide the question as to
the material to be used as money? England,
Prance, Russia or America? If it were a ques-
tion which required the consent of all civilized
nations to decide, then they should hold a Con-
gress for that purpose. But such a Congress
never would agree as to the material to he uni-
versally used as a medium for the exchange of
Values, and as a representative of Value. That
is to say, they never would agree that all na-
tions should use one certain substance as
money to the entire exclusion of all other sub-
stances. Por while it suits England best that
We must express our dissent from this.Ed. Rev.
all other nations should not use any sub-
stance to make money of than gold, yet gold is
used but little in England as money. England
generally keeps all other nations indebted to her
for manufactured goods, the balance of trade is
always in her favor. That balance she insists
must be paid in gold, because, she has established
gold as the money for all other nations by re-
fusing to recognize as money, legal money, even
the gold coinage of other nations except at her
own standard of value. And while England
thus deals with other nations she carries on her
own domestic commerce and trade with paper
money. That trade and commerce are transact-
ed by using the. Bank of England notes as
money, and because it is more convenient. But,
it will be said, those notes are based on gold and
can at all times' be redeemed in gold at the bank,
and for that reason only, they are equal in value
to gold, tbat they represent gold in bank. But
we remember that from 1814 to 1819 the bank
of England closed np the Bank, and refused to
redeem or pay gold for her notes for a period of
five years, yet the notes of the bank dur-
ing all that time were the money used in
trade and were practically a legal tender. Did
Prance or America have any complaint to make
about the course England chose to adopt?
Would England have paid any heed to it if com-
plaint had been made ? During the period of
suspension, English manufactures prospered as
they never did before or since, and why ? Be-
cause the rate of interest for money was re-
duced from 5. and 6 per cent, to 2£ and 3 per
cent., thereby giving to manufactures and to
labor the benefit of that 'reduction, and Eng-
land has ever since pursued that policy. That
is to say, she has always kept' the rate of inter-
est for the use of money at a standard that will
enable her manufacturers to make better re-
turns for the capital by keeping it employed in
manufacturing, than to lend it as money to ac-
cumulate by interest.
Now, our government has adopted a policy
just the reverse of England, by establishing a
rate of interest for the use of ^money so high
that no branch of legitmate trade or commerce
can be made to yield as great a return as money
loaned for interest. And, therefore, it is, that
the money of the nation is being daily concentra-
ted into fewer hands, and used, not in trade, but
loaned out by bankers to those whose necessi-
ties oblige them to submit to terms dictated by
the lender.
(,2b be Continued.)
SEVEX PER GENT. INTEREST IN GOLD
The First Mortgage Seven per Cent. Sinking
Fund Bonds of the Rockford, Rock Island and
St. Louis Railroad Company, pay both Princi-
pal and Interest in GOLD COIN, Free*oe Gov-
ernment Tax. *
Each Bond is for $1,000 or $2,000 Sterling, and
is convertible into stock at the option of the
holder. The coupons are payable Feb. 1st and
Aug. 1st, in New York or London, at the option
of the holder.
The Road runs from Rockford in Northern
Illinois to St. Louis, a distance including tracks
to Coal Mines, etc., of about 4C0 miles, and
traverses the finest district of Illinois.
The Bonds have 50 years to inn, and are a
lien of $21,000 per mile upon the Companys
railroad franchises, in coal-landsof which it
has 20,000 acres containing A HUNDRED MIL-
LION TONS OF COALits rolling stock, and
property of every sort.


319
fUfe* gUvalutmu
A subscription of $8,800,000, at par, to the
Capital Stock of the Company, furnishes a large
part of the means required to construct and
equip the road.
Nearly half the entire length of the road is
graded and substantially ready for the iron;
the rails are now arriving upon the line. The
first division, giving an outlet to the coal, will
be in operation in 60 days, and track-laying will
from this time be prosecuted with the utmost
energy till the last rail is in position. The Com-
pany intend to have the road in readiness for
the Autumn business of 1869.
The Bonds are for sale at 97£ and accrued in-
terest in currenoy, and may be obtained through
bankers and brokers throughout the country, or
at the office of the Company, 12 Wall Street,
New York.
The trustees for the Bondholders is the Union
Trust Company of New York.
Pamphlets giving full information s§nt on ap-
plication.
IL, &. BOOBY, Treasurer.
to 87# ; B. W. Power, 14 tori5 : B., H. & Erie, 27# to
28; Mariposa preferred, 20# to 21.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were more active at tbe close with an upward tendency.
Fisk & Hatcli, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Reg. 1881, 113 to 118#; Coupon, 1881, 114 to
114# ; Reg. 5-20, 1862, 106 to 106# ; Coupon, 5-20
1862, 109# to 109# j Coupon, 5-20, 1864, 107# to 107#;
Coupon, 6-20, 1865, 107# to 107# ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865,
Jan. and July, 110# to 110#; Coupon, 5-20, 1867,
HO# to 110#; Coupon, 5-20, 1868, 110# to 110#;
Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103# to 104 ; 10-40 Coupon, 105#
to 105#.
THE CUSTOM DUTIES
for the week were $1,713,000 in gold against $1,977,000,
$2,084,097 and $2,890,312 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $3,594,524
in gold agaiust $3,363,311, $3,611,663, and $4,999,106 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $2,943,195, in currency against $3,121,997, $3,839,-
694, and $3,351,454 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were,$252,050 against $264,829, $1,071,407
and $29,724 for the preceding weeks.
JgENEDICTS
TIME
900 MILES
' OP THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
SUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT,
ABE NOW FINISHED, AND THE
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL SOON BE COMPLETED.
The means provided for construction are ample, and
there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Companys first mortgage
bonds, payable, pbinoipal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANYS OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and' by JOHN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and by the
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the United
States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offices, or
of it? advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
ONE OF THOSE BOOKS WHICH BELONG TO THE
CLASS OF DEEDS, NOT WORDS.
^THAT ANSWER?
BY ANNA E. DICKINSON.
1 vol....16mo__v.Price,$1.50.
The book is a solemn, earnest, thrilling, enthusiastic
appeal, in which a noble weman, herself at ease, blessed
with flattering friends, with applause, with admiration,
takes all in her hand, and risks all in pleading the cause
of the poorest, the most maligned and scorned of Gods
creatures. In the form of a story she makes a most
condensed, earnest, and powerful appeal to the heart,
and conscience of this American nation on the sin of
caste.
What gives this story its awful power is its truth.
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
I wish that every person of maturity throughout the
length and breadth of the land may read it/ Many of
the most remarkable incidents of the war of the rebel-
lion are woven together by tbe thread of an interesting
story, told in a dashing, spirited style. Some defects it
has ; hut, in comparison with Its merits, they are too
unimportant to dwell upon.Lydia Maria Child.
I have read far enough to be greatly interested in it,
and to wish that a copy were in the hand of every voter
God bless Anna Dickinson for this beautiful and effective
testimony against the internal spirit of caste I Gerrit
Smith.
It is full of genuine feeling eloquently expressed,
and is pervaded by a sublime sympathy with tbe op-
pressed and by a high and beneficent purpose. We are
made to feel, in reading the book, that it is the work of
a brave woman, one who has broken away from the dull
and beaten path of prejudice and of conventional usage,
and has the courage to follow withersoever tbe truth
may lead.Frederick Douglass.
h#* For sale by all booksellers. Sent post paid on re-
ceipt of price, by the Publishers,
TICKNOR & FIELDS, Boston,
18 4 and 68 Bleecker street, N. Y.
IJIHREE SEWING MACHINES IN ONE
FOR TEN DOLLARS.
The Bruen Cloth Plate enables the Wheeler & Wilson
Machine to make three different stitches, and to Em.
broider beautifully. It will make a stick that can be
raveled, or one that cannot be raveled, as maybe re-
quired. It will make a plain stick that is ornamental.
Itwill sew irom two ordinary spools of cotton or silk,
without rewinding or filling bobbin?.
BRUEN MANUFACTURING CO.,
569 Broadway, New York,
igS^Lady Agents Wanted.
the money market
was easy throughout the greater part of the week, and
at the close 7 per cent, in currency was paid on call.
The weekly bank statement is not encouraging to specu-
lators. The legal tenders are increased the large amount
of $4,299,486 owing to the release of part of the green-
backs that had been locked up by the bear clique. Loans
are decreased $7,492,652, the deposits $406,129 and the
specie $291,733,
The following table shows the changes in tbe New
York city hanks compared with the preceding week :
Loans,
Specie,
Circulation,
Deposits,
Nov. 7.
$256,612,741
16,446,741
34,353,637
175,556,718
Legal-tenders, 47,167,207
Nov. 14.
$249,119,539
16,155,008
34,249,564
175,150,589
51,466,693
Differences
Dec. $7,492,652
Dec. 291,733
Dec. 104,073
Dec. 406,129
Inc. 4,299,486
THE GOLD MARKET
was strong and advanced at the close of the week, owing
to heavy purchases by stock operators.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Saturdy, Nov. 7,134# 134# 133# 134#
Monday, 9, 134# 134# 134# 134#
Tuesday, JO, 135# 135# 134# 134#
Wednesday, 11. , 133# 134# 133# 134#
Thursday, 12, 134# ' 134# 133# 133#
Friday, 13. 133# 133# 133# 133#
Saturday, 14, 134# 135 134# 134#
Monday, 16, 135# 137 135# 136#
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
closes quiet and steady at 109# to 109# for prime
bankers 60 days sterling bills and sight 109# to 109#.
Francs on Paris bankers 60 days 5.16# to 5.15 and 3
days 5.12# to 5.11#.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was active and excited at the close, Erie being the chief
feature. The transactions in this stock-were enormous,
the price advancing from 35 on Friday to 63# at the
close on Saturday. The bull and bear cliques
have combined together for the purpose of running up
prices still higher in order that they may have another
chance of unloading upon the public and realising large
profits.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
quotations:
Cumberland 30 to 36 ; W., F. & Co., 26# to 27#;
American, 45 to 46 ; Adams, 48# to 49# ; U. States, 48
to 50/ Merchants Union, 21# to 21#; Quicksilver, 22
to 24 ; Canton, 47 to 47# ; Pacific Mail, 16# to 16# ;%W.
U. Tel., 36# to 36# ; N. Y. Central, 123 to 128# ; Erie,
51# to 51# ; Hudson River, 125 to 126; Reading, 100 to
to 100# j Wabash, 67 to 57# ; MU. & St. P. 70# to 71;
do. preferred, 84# to 84# ; Fort Wayne, 108# to 109 ;
Ohio & Miss., 30# to 30# ; Mich. Central, 115 to 118 ;
Mich. South, 88# to 84 ; 111. Central, 141 to 144 ; Pfctts.
burg, 85# to 85# ; Toledo, 99# to 99# ; Bock Island,
106 to 106# ; North West, 85# to 86 ; do. preferred, 87#
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
JEWELERS,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches. Very low
price. Send for price list.
THE BENEDICT'S TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 BROADWAY.
rjlHE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN :
A CYCLOPEDIA OF WOMANS WORK.
BY VIRGINIA PENNY.
12mo. 500 pages. $1.50.
This work contains five hundred and thirty-three arti
cles, over five hundred of which are descriptions of the
occupations in which women are or may be engaged;
the effect of such on the health ; the rate of wages paid
for those carried on in the United States ; a comparison
in the price of male and female labor of the same kind;
tbe length of time required to learn the business fully,
and the time required to learn the part done by women;
whether women are paid while learning ; the qualifica-
tions needed ; the prospect of future employment in
each branch ; and much other valuable information of
like character. In addition are articles on usual employ-
ments in England, France, the United States, and other
countries; minor employments in the United States,
England and France.
Sent free by maU, on receipt of price.
INTER
^JLOTHI NIG.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS.
Every Novelty of Style and Material.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
CILOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
J Boys and Youths Suits and Overcoats.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods.;
SELF-MEASUREMENT at FREEMAN &
BURRS.
NEW RULES for SELF-MEASUREMENT enable
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with tbe certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price List mailed free on application.
FREEMAN & BURRS Clothiog Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y,


320
3I&* §(V0luti0tt.
JgMPIRE SEWING MACHINE,
LOCK STITCH,
RECEIVED THE FIRST PRIZE
AT THE
GREAT FAIR OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE,
>In New York, Oct 26, 1867,
AND HIGHEST PREMIUM FOR
BEST MANUFACTURING MACHINE
AT
PARIS EXPOSITION, JULY, 1867.
EMPIRE SEWING MACHINE CO.,
291 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets..
JJOME LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
268 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
ASSETS, TWO MILLION DOLLARS. 10,000 MEMBERS.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. But ior every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed for his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
because :
Its Directors are among the first men for character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is. as carefully selected as that of any
company.
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are all personally interested in its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
AND LIBERALITY.
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
cable sense.
Its assured are not confined to certain degress of long-
titnde, hut are free to travel and reside where they
please.
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
tained annually, and DIVIDED to its members in exact
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to pay more than two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to he paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
lessly.
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rob its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailingjpretences.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested.
officers:
WALTER S. GRIFFITH, President.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
ISAAC FROTHINGHAM, Treasurer.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
METROPOLITAN SAVINGS BANK,
New Marble Fire-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opposite Cooper Insti-
tute
SIX PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON ALL SUMS
FROM $6 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit.
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
' Oetober, and moneys deposited on or before the 20th of
these months draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
QHEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekman St top floorJ
IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE INSUR-
ANCE.
rriHE HOMOEOPATHIC MUTUAL LIFE
JL INSURANCE CO.,
No. 231 Broadway, New York,
Insures lives upon Homceopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, tbe assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of ohange of business or location,
when tbe same Is particularly hazardous.
ALL POLICIES NON-FORFEIT ABLE.
CAPITAL, PREMIUMS, AND DIVIDENDS ALL CASH.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow irom Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
tbe cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homceo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual oi New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
doubted.
Send for Circulars and Tables.
J^JXIT OF CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK ;
A TALE OF CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY ANT* CRU-
SADE.
It treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgiasism, Spiritualism, Womans Rights and Free-
Divorce as candidly as Hepworfch Dixon.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size_Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts,
affords volumes of suggestions.Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued, bold, sometimes brilliant.Phila. Oity Item.
Large 8 vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York ; A. Hinch, Phila. ; N. E. News Co., Boston.
[See advertisement Oct. 8.]___________________15 17
jypS. E. V. BURNS, "
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets, Cin-
cinnati, O.,
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Charts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list.
Distinction given at the class-room or by mail in the
newest, briefest, easiest, and most complete method of
Phonographic Reporting. Terms, $10 for a full course
of 12 lessons. Instruction-hooks furnished free to
pupils. 15 18
ORT MONMOUTH
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots> suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo r
sale cheap to capitalists for an Investment, or on easy
terms for improvement. 1
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
D. D. 1\ MARSHALL, President.
JAMES CUSHING, Jb., V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STANSBURY, Secretary.
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Asst. Secy.
STEWART L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
E. M. Kellogg, M.D. ) Medical Examiners
J. W. Mitchell, M.D. J meaical rammers.
At office daily from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
general agents.
Dr. John Turner, 725 JTremont street, Boston.
Reynell & Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wigbtman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 69 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Mabuhatt., Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
States
Irving Van Wart, Jb., Pittsfield, lor four Western
Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
JQR. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, N. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on eqnal teams), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
LEYEiTaNI) HOMCEOPATHIC COLLEGE
AND HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
Monday in November and end about the first of March.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
tbe able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
useful physicians.
For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 195 Erie st., Cleveland, O.
T>RINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, N ew York.
WILLIAM GARDNER, TREASURE OITY
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers bis services to give reliable information in relation
to tbe Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Revolution. _____________________________
R. A. SMITH S WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, and all the home
comforts to make. life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reading, Pa., or Harrisburg,.
thence to Wemersville, on Lebanon Valley Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
____________WernersviUe, Berks Co.. Pa.
gLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH .
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North. William street,
18-1 y , New York,
jyps. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to tbe duties of an Accoucheuse.
EWYORK MEDICAL COLLEGE FOR
Women, will begin their Sixth Aunual Term of
twenty weeks, at their new College in Twelith street, cor-
ner of Second avenue, the first Monday in November
For Announcements, giving full particulars, address,
with stamps, the Dean, Mrs. C. S. LOZIER, M. D., or
the Secretary, Mis. C. F. WELLS, Box 730, N. Y.
jQ^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman St, New York.
ALL KINDS AND SIZES OF PAPER MADE TO ORDER.
ENEDICTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landing.
City Map sent by mail, 26 cents.
BENEDICT BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 Broadway, N. Y.
/