The Revolution

Material Information

The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text

l)f tirniilntinii.
m - ..>
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to (he order Susan B. Anthony.
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly' safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been sent to us with-
out any loss.
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ike postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are al our risk.
give one copy of
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
** Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement.
i What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
inson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
will give one copy of
Price $1.25.
For two new subscribers and four dollars, we will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatohWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full Jewelled, Pateut Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 40 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett- Price,
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Lady's Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $75.
For 100 Subscribers, an elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Pateut Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time,
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
tail prices.
[Every person receiving a copy of this petition is
earnestly desired to put it in immediate and thorough
circulation for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Woman's Suffrage Association of America,
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.]
To the Senate and Bouse of Representatives, in
Congress Assembled:
The undersigned citizens of the State of-------
earnestly but respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
and women.
Under this head the Newburg News has some
strictures on the course of the Republican
party that are not devoid of truth or justice.
It says:
Now, cry the radical papers and especially the New
York Tribune, in congratulating the country on the elec-
tion of Gen. Grantnow we will have equal rights all
over the Union.
Suffrage, the radicals claim, should be universal; and
yet Horace Greeley, when on the suffrage committee in
the New York Constitutional Convention, wrote a lengthy
report againut opening the franchise so that females
could vote; At the same time this philosopher was try-
ing to persuade the American people that the descend-
ants of barbarous and superstitious Africans were fitted
for this privilege because they were of the male sex. The
plain inference is that the radical party want no dis-
tinction in regard to color, but that all difference
should he made When we reach the minor point of sex.
Women are higher in the scale of morality than men,
be they white or black. It can not be supposed that fe-
males would assist in enacting worse laws than aTe
on (he statute books. Women are quite as well ac-
quainted with theories of government as the other sex,
and, although we do not believe they would generally or
in mass, live up to their privileges,/ if the right of
vote should be conceded them, yet this is no reason for
denying it to the sex.
A great many other democratic papers talk
just in this way, and as we do not doubt the
sincerity of republican editors who seem thus
favorable to equal rights for women, why should
we be charged with favoring the democratic
party, because we accept aid from them? Or
why should we join the republicans in denounc-
ing them as dishonest and insincere when they
lend us a helping hand ?
Economical Voting.The papers say one of
the rich iron miners in Pennsylvania has been
in the habit on election days of having bis hands
driven in a wagon to the polls, and then with-
out giving them the trouble to get out of the
wagon, he handing in their votes himself, giv-
ing their names as he did so, thus: This is
Peter Hummel's vote; this is Jacob Miller's
vote; this is Casper Weber's vote," and so on
until he had voted for all in the wagon. The
wagon was then sent off for a fresh load, and
when it arrived the same ceremony was gone
through with them.
It is quite impossible to give readers any
adequate idea of the daily reminders of the
need that women should hold a different rela-
tion to labor from that which they now oc-
cupy. Our hearts are constantly made to bleed
with sympathy for the unfortunates who, un-
protected and alone, are obliged to struggle for
a livelihood against difficulties with which no
man in this enlightened, free country has to con-
tend ; but which would make a stout man's
heart quail. Women tenderly nurtured in girl-
hood, and afterwards kindly fostered in the coo**
mg arms of the husband, with no exercise of those
faculties, or cultivation of those abilities which
would enable them to stand alone and win their
way in the worldleft widowed, helpless, alone';
or with little children to care for and support;
wives, with invalid, unfortunate, or unworthy
husbands failing to fulfill the duty of providing
for them and their children, forced to perforin
the duties of both father and mother; young'
girls with widowed mothers, and families of
young children dependent on them for shelter,
clothes, and daily bread, all these come to us,
asking for .employment or advice in regard to
obtaining it If we bad a fund as large as that
of the richest Benevolent Society in the lanj,
we could appropriate every cent of it, well and
wisely, in relieving immediate necessities, or
in opening avenues of employment to noble,
capable women who are now either eating the
bread of carefulness, or suffering actual want.
There is great need in our city of some cen-
tral depot for the handiwork of women, where
samples of embroidery, plain sewing, wood-carv-
ing, engraving, waxwork, photograph painting,
water-color and oil painting, with the name and
residence of the work-woman or aitist, may be
seen ; and where ladies may apply for and find
competent help in every line of feminine indus-
try. We hope* *the time is not far distant when
we shall have such a place in connection with
out Working Women's Association, and that the
generous and noble hearted, not only in one
atate, but in the whole country, will assist us m
establishing it.
We have lately bad several calls from a young
lady whose case has interested us so much that
we cannot refrain from giving some account of
her to our readers, and endeavoring to interest
them in her behalf. Miss 0. is a wood-carver,
executing with her pen-knife very beautiful and
artistic work. She also makes passe-par-touts
of various sizes and styles. By this means she
supports an infirm, widowed mother and two
young sisters, one of whom is a cripple. This
girl has in various ways shown unusual pru-
dence and energy for one so young. She found
it impossible in the city to keep her little family
above actual want, so she went out into tbe
country, found a small cottage with garden
attached, moved her invalid dependents from
the crowded city tenement into the snug little
country home. Here, beside plying her craft,
she raises small fruits and vegetables enough to

add materially to the comfort of her family, and
by her thrift and forethought finds many ways
of shedding brightness into the saddened lives
of her dear oneB. Not an easy life does this
young girl have, going from house to house,
from shop to shop trying to sell her waresfre-
quently trying the whole long day without mat-
ing a cent. Undoubtedly, she is out of her
sphere, and has no business to be peddling
for a Hying. Women are to be protected and
oared for by men. If she hasnt a father she
ought to haye one. If her mother didat bear
one it is her own fault. Anyhow, since the girl
has neither father nor brothers, let her marry.
If she isn't conjugally inclined, no matter, it is
more reepeotable to marry (?) for a home than
to wort. Perhaps no man asks her to marry
him. Well, here is a quandaryit isnt the thing,
you know, for a lady to propose. Let her
dawdle, then, and simper, and wait till some
man does ask her; perhaps he will if she is
viney;and tiney, not strong-minded or willing
to work for herself and those she imagines God
has thrown upon her care.
In the meantime, however, we should like to
help this mistaken girl to meet the struggle
for life" she must have during the long cold
winter before her. We have at our office speci-
mens; of her work, and shall be glad to take
orders for passe-par-touts, wood-carvings, such
as .small easels for engravings or cabinet paint-
ings, book-rests, and oard-de-visite frames, the
price of which will be found as reasonable as
that .of the same style oi goods elsewhere.
H. M. S.
n mart wom-stone craft1790.
This train of reasoning brings me back to a
subject oh. which I mean to dwell, the neces-
sity of establishing proper day-schools.
But these, should be national establishments,
for whilst school masters are dependent on the
caprice of parents, little exertion can be ex-
pected from them, more than is necessary to
piease ignorant people. Indeed, the necessity of
ft: master giving the parents some sample of
the boys abiHties, which during the vacation,
ii shown to every visiter, is productive of more
mischief than would at first be supposed. For
they are seldom done entirely, to speak with
moderation, by the child itself; .thus the mas-
ter countenances falshoods, or winds the poor
machine up to some extraordinary exertion,
that injures the wheels, and stops the progress
of gradual improvement. The memory is load-
ed with unintelligible words to make a show of,
without the understandings acquiring any dis-
tinct ideas : but only that education deserves
emphatically to be termed cultivation of mind,
which teaches young people how to begin to
think. The imagination shonld not be allowed
to debauoh the understanding before it gained
strength, or vanity will become the fore-
runner of vice; for every way of exhibit-
ing the acquirements of a child is injurious
to its moral character.
How much time is lost in teaching them to
recite, what they do not understand! whilst
seated'on benches, all in their best array, the
mammae; listen with astonishment to. the par-
Ot-like prattle, uttered in solemn cadences,
ft* §n*0luU0ii.
with all the pomp of ignorance and folly. Suoh
exhibitions only serve to Btrike the spreading
fibres of vanity through the whole mind : for
they neither teach children to speak fluently,
nor behave gracefully. So far from it, that
these frivolous pursuits might comprehensively
be termed the study of affectation ; for we now
rarely see a simple, bashful boy, though few
people of taste were ever disgusted by that,
awkward, sheepishness so natural to the age,
which schools and an early introduction into
society have changed into impudence and apish
Yet, how can these things be remedied whilst
schoolmasters depend entirely on parents for a
subsistence? and when so many rival schools
hang out their lures to catch the attention of
vain fathers and mothers, whose parental affec-
tion only leads them to wish that their children
should outshine those of their neighbors ?
Without great good luck, a sensible, con-
scientious man would starve before he could
raise a school, if he disdained to bubble weak
parents, by practicing the secret tricks of the
In the best regulated schools, however, where
swarms are crammed together, many bad habits
must be acquired; but, at common schools,
the body, heart, and understanding, are equally
stunted, for parents are olten only in quest of
the oheapesb school, and the. master could not
live, if he did not take a much greater number
than he could manage himself; nor will the
scanty pittance allowed for each child; permit
him to hire ushers sufficient to assist in the dis-
charge of the mechanical part oi the business.
Besides, whatever appearance the house and
garden may make, the children do not enjoy
the comforts of either, for they are continually
reminded, by irksome restrictions, that they
are not at home, and the state-rooms, garden,
etc., must be kept in order for the recreation of
the parents, who, of a Sunday, visit the school,
and are impressed by the very parade that ren-
ders the situation of their children uncomfort-
With what disgust have I heard sensible
women, for girls are more restrained and cowed
than boys, speak of the. wearisome confine-
ment which they endured at school. Not al-
lowed, perhaps, to step out of one broad walk
in a superb garden, and obliged to pace with
steady deportment stupidly backwards' and for-
wards, holding up their heads, and turning out
their toes, with shoulders braced back, instead
of bounding, as nature directs to complete her
own design, in the various attitudes so condu-
cive to health. The puife animal spirits, which
make .both mind and body shoot out, and un-
fold the tender blossoms of hope are turned
sour, and vented in vain wishes, or pert repin-
ings, that contract the faculties and spoil the
temper; else they mount to the biaiu and,
sharpening the understanding before it gains
proportionable strength, produce that pitiful
cunning which disgracefully characterizes the
female mindand I fear will ever characterize
it whilst women remain the slaves of power.
The little respect which the male world pay
to chastity is, I am persuaded, the grand source
of many of the physical and moral evils that
torment mankind, as well as of the vices and
follies that degrade and destroy women ; yet at
school, boys infallibly lose that decent bashful-
ness whioh might have ripened into modesty at
1 have already animadverlsd.onthebad habits
whioh {females acquire when they are shut up
together ; and I think that the observation may
fairly be extended to the other sex, till the na-
tural inference is drawn, which I have in view
throughoutthat to improve both sexes they
ought, not only in private families, but in pub-
lic schools, to be educated together. If mar-
riage be the cement of society, mankind should
all be educated after the same model, or the in-
tercourse of the sexes will never deserve the
name of fellowship, nor will women ever fulfil
the peculiar duties of their sex, till they become
enlightened citizens, till they become free, by
being enabled to earn their own subsistence,
independent of men; in the same manner,
I mean to prevent misconstruction, as one
man is independent of another. Nay, marriage
will never be held sacred till women, by being
brought up with men, are prepared to be their
companions, rather than their mistresses; for
the mean doublings of cunning will ever render
them contemptible, whilst oppression renders
them timid. So convinced am I of this truth,
that I will venture to prediot that virtue will
never prevail in society till the 'firtues of both
sexes are founded on reason; and till the affec-
tions common to both are allowed to gain their
due strength by the discharge of mutual duties.
Were boys and girls permitted to pursue the
same studies together, those graceful decencies
might early be inculcated which produce mod-
esty, without these jsexual distinctions that taint
the mind. Lessons of politeness, and that for-
mulary of decorum which treads on the heels
of falsehood, would be rendered useless by
habitual propriety of behavior. Not, indeed,
put on for visitors like the courtly robe of po-
liteness, but the sober effect of cleanliness of
mind. Would not this simple elegance of sin-
cerity be a chaste homage paid to domestic af-
fections, far surpassing the meretricious com-
pliments that shino with, false lustre in the
heartless intercourse of fashionable life ? But,
till more understanding preponderate in so-
ciety, there will ever be a want of heart and
taste, and the harlots rogue will supply the
place of that celestial suffusion which only vir-
tuous affections can give to the face. Gallantry,
and what is called love, may subsist without
simplicity of character ; but the main pillars of
friendship are respect and confidenceesteem
is never founded onit cannot tell what.
A taste for the fine arts requires great cultiva-
tion ; but not more than a taste for the virtuous
affections : and both suppose that enlargement
of mind which opens so many sources of men-
tal pleasure. Why do people hurry to noisy
scenes and crowded circles ? I should answer
because they want activity of mind, because
they have not cherished the virtues ^of the
heart. They only, therefore, see and feel in the
gloss, and continually pine after variety; find-
ing everything that is simple, insipid.
This argument may he carried further than
philosophers are aware of, for if nature destined
woman, in particular, for the discharge of do-
mestic duties, she made her susceptible of the
attached affections in a great degree. Now
women are notoriously fond of pleasure ; and
naturally must be so, according to my defini.
tion, because they canfiot enter into the minu-
tiae of domestic taste ; lacking judgment^ the
foundation of all taste. For the understanding,
in spite of sensual cavillers, .reserves to. itself
the privilege of conveying pure joy to the
With what a languid yawn-have I seen an ad-
mirable poem thrown down, that a man'of true
taste returns to, again and again, with rapture ;

UHIne 323
and, whilst melody has almost suspended re-
spiration, a lady has asked me where I bought
my gown. I have seen also an eye glanced
coldly over a most exquisite picture, rest, spark-
ling with pleasure, on a caricature rudely
sketched, ; and whilst some terrific feature in
nature has spread a sublime stillness through
my soul, I have been desired to observe the
pretty tricks of a lap-dog, that my perverse
fate forced me to travel with. It is surprising
that such a tasteless being should rather caress
this dog than her children ? Or, that she should
prefer the rant of flattery to the simple accents
of sincerity ?
To illustrate this remark I must be allowedto
observe, that men of the first genius and most
cultivated minds have appeared to have the
highest relish for the simple beauties of nature ;
and they must have forcibly felt, what they have
so well described, the charm which natural af-
fections, and unsophisticated feelings spread
round the human character. It is this power of
looking into the heart and responsively vibrat-
iug with each emotion, that enables the poet to
personify each passion, and the painter to
sketch with a pencil of fire.
True taste is ever the work of the understand-
ing employed in observing natural effects ; and
till women have more understanding, it is vain
to expect them to possess domestic taste.
Their lively senses will ever be at work to
harden their hearts, and the emotions struck
out of them will continue to be vivid and trans-
itory, unless a proper education stores their
minds with knowledge.
It is the want of domestic taste, and not the
acquirement of knowledge, that takes women
out of their families, and tears the smiling
babe from the breast that ought to afford it
nourishment. Women have been allowed to
remain in ignorance and slavish dependence
many, very many years, and still we hear of
nothing but their fondness of pleasure and
sway, their preference of rakes and soldiers,
their childish attachment to toys, and the vanity
that makes them value aooomplishxnents more
than virtues.
History brings forward a fearful catalogue of
the crimes which their cunning has produoed,
when tne weak slaves have had sufficient address
to overreach their masters. In France, and in
how many other countries have men been the
luxurious despots and women the crafty minis-
ters? Does this prove that ignorance and de-
pendence domesticate them ? Is not their folly
the by-word of the libertines, who relaxin their
society ; and do not men of sense continually
lament that an immoderate fondness for dress
and dissipation carries the mother of a family for
ever from home? Their hearts have not been
debauched by knowledge, nor their minds led
astray by scientific pursuits ; yet, they do not
fulfil the peculiar duties which, as women, they
are called upon by nature to fulfil. On the con-
trary, the state of warfare which subsists be-
tween the sexes makes them employ those wiles,
that frustrate the more open designs of force.
When, therefore, I call women slaves, I mean
in a political and civil sense ; for, indirectly
they obtain too much power, and are debased
by their exertions to obtain illicit sway.
Let an enlightened nation then try what ef-
fect reason would have to bring them back to
nature, and their duty; and allowing them to
share the advantages of education and govern-
ment with man, see whether they will become
better, as they grow wiser and become free.
They cannot be injured by the experiment .
for it is not in the power of man to ren-
der them more insignificant than they are at
To render this practicable, day schools for
particular ages should be established by govern-
ment, in which boys and girls might be edu-
cated together. The school for the younger chil-
dren, from five to nine years of age, ought to
be absolutely free and open to all classes.1* A
sufficient number of masters should also be
chosen a select committee, in each parish, to
whom any complaint of negligence, etc., might
be made, if signed by six of the childrens pa-
Ushers would then be unnecessary: for, I be-
lieve, experience will ever prove that this kind
of subordinate authority is particularly inju-
rious to the morals of youth. What, indeed, can
tend to deprave the character more than out-
ward submission and inward contempt? Yet,
how can boys be expected to treat an usher with
respect when the master seems to consider him
in the light of a servant, and almost to coun-
tenance the ridicule which becomes the chief
amusement of the boys during the play hours.
But nothing of this kind could occur in an
elementary day-school, where boys and girls,
the rich and poor, should meet together. And
to prevent any of the distinctions of vanity,
they should be dressed alike, and all obliged to
submit to the same discipline, or leave the
school. The school-room ought to be sur-
rounded by a large piece of ground, in which
the children might be usefully exercised, for at
this age they should not be confined to any se-
dentary employment for more than an hour at
a time. But these relaxations might all be ren-
dered a part of elementary education, for many
things improve and amuse the senses when in-
troduced as a kind of show, to the principles
of which, dryly laid down, children would turn
a deaf ear. For instance, botany, mechanics,
and astronomy. Beading, writing, arithmetic,
natural history, and some simple experiments
in natural philosophy, might fill up the day;
but these pursuits should never encroach on
gymnastic plays in the open air. The elements
of religion, history, the history of man, and
politics, might also be taught, by conversations
in the socr&tic form.
" (To be Continued.)
Treating this part of the subject, I have borrowed
some hints from a very sensible pamphlet written, by
the late bishop of Autun on Public Education.
A Sebmon.Such is the beading the New
Bedford (Mass.) Standard gives to the following,
for the truth of which it says a Mend vouches:
Recently two ladies passing through a street in this
city wero attracted by a woman at the door of a house,
looking anxiously up and down the street. She soon
went in, when immediately the agonized cry of a child
came from the house. The ladies, after some hesitation,
went Into the house, where a most appalling sight met
their eyes. The woman whom they had previously no-
ticed was lying on the floor, upon some straw, in the pains
of child birth, and a little child was crying bitterly at the
mother's distress. The room was nearly bare of furni-
ture-cheerless, comfortless. At once the ladies pro-
cured relief for file unfortunate woman, and subsequent-
ly learned her story. Within a year her husband, who
had previously reformed his intemperate habits, re-
lapsed into drunkenness. Piece by piece he had sold
the lurniture and bedding to satisfy his appetite, and for
twenty-four hours before her sickness the woman and
child had not had a particle of food.
What if a woman through drunkenness were
making such havoc of home and household hap-
piness Wouldnt the welkin ring again with
the story?
From Putnam's Monthly for December.
Mx dear Daughter : You say to mo, in reply
to my last, that the case, for the present and
the future, does look very much as I haVe
stated it, but that the whole past history of wo-
man seems to contradict the idea that she was
intended by God to take that place in the man-
agement of affairs which reason and common
sense now suggest; at least, that your mind de-
mands some solution of the problem of her non-
entity during past ages, before yon can step re-
solutely forward in the newer way now pointed
out to her.
To this I reply, that it is true, certainly, that
women have been not only greatly dependent
npon men during all those years, but subject to
them, and in nowise the master-minds of the
world, so far as U appears ; but it is difficult to
see how this Gould have been otherwise during
a period of physical supremacy. Considering
the disabilities she was under, by reason of the
pains and cares incident to her motherhood, it
is not suprising that she should call for protec-
tion, in days of violence, and that man
should best express his regard for her by as-
suming the office of protector. If he had been
a perfect man, he would have accepted and used
this office as a privilege, rather than a right, and
have seen to it that these mothers were well cared
for, in every respect, while abiding in their
nests, just as the father-bird, with cheerful assi-
duity, ministers to his mate during her periods
of confinement and seclusion from the le afy
world. And since these human mothers had
mental needs as well as physical, the fathers,
had they been the perfect men we have supposed,
would have brought to them all the means Of
culture that came to themselves, and cheerfully
shared with them their souls food as well as
their crast of daily bread; and by degrees this
culture would have taught women that there
were many ways by which they themselves
could add to the family wealth, without neglect-
ing in the least any family duty. The two thus
brought together as partners and fellow-work-
ers, as well as parents, would have had a com-
mon motive for making the most judicious ex-
penditure of their Uuited gains for the comfort
of the whole household. But these men were
not only imperfect themselves, bnt they minis-
tered to equally imperfect women; and while
they, by reason of their strong arms and broad
use of the world at large, were tempted to be-
come headstrong and domineering, their wives
and mothers were equally tempted to' make
their need of protection aground for unthinking
dependence : and since the acquisition of know-
ledge required serious exertion, and man was
best pleased with women without it, she easily
surrendered to him the fresh springs of know -
ledge which his industry was from time to time
This is a dark picture for woman, certainly,
and unattractive; because we all instinctively
admire strength wherever we find itwhether
in a strong right-arm or an active brain. The
conqueror has usually carried the day over the
conquered, in all past history, let the virtues of
the vanquished be what they may. But there
are several modifications ot the above picture,
which are generally overlooked, and which go
far toward restoring our respect for these appa-
rently feeble creatures, who seem to have re-
signed both their bodies and souls to the con-
trol of man. In the first place they have had no

written history as yet; the trumpet being in
the hands of man, he has naturally enough used
it to sound his own conquests; and these have
filled the pages of history. To the eye of God
and over-watching angels, no doubt, there has
ever been a supplemental page to these many-vol-
umed records; and therein are noted heart-tri-
umphs and victories of spirit among women,
which rank them high among the great ones of
the earth, and make them mates indeed of their
wedded ones, however exalted in name or sta-
tion. And by reason of this moral growth*
gained through sorrow and submission, they
have really made greater intellectual progress
than is at first apparent; since the activities
of the heart not only lead the way to know-
ledge, hut are to some extent, knowledge itself.
Many a poor slave has found his way to a deep-
er insight of Gods own truths than his most
instructed master; and these are the high
things, which, to know, is life eternal; and we
have the assurance of one of the wisest men of
ancient times, that the fear of the Lord is the
beginning of wisdom.
And, once more, this servitude has not, after
all, been so complete and so debasing as at first
sight might appear ; because these women have
been, all along, the mothers of these men, and
their power over them, through their mutual
affections, and quite aside from that of endow-
ment, has been very great and very elevating to
both parties, This power of motherhood has
not been sufficient, as we have seen, to stem the
tide of mans selfishness, and. compel him to
share his advantages with woman, whose dis-
abilities, of body have prevented her seeking
them for herself; nor to save him from a love of
domination, that brought to him as great in-
jury as to her; but it has always been a real
power, nevertheless ; and when the true history
of mankind lies before our eyes, either in this
world or the next, we shall recognize it as the
great civilizer of the human racethe divinest
agency, indeed, by which it has been preserved
from utter destruction. All this is dimly fore-
shadowed in that solemn word of prophecy, ut-
tered in the infancy of a race to whom sin was
an experiment and its curse a blessing in dis-
guise. Cursed be the ground for thy sake, 0
manin the sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat
bread. Thy desire shall be unto thy
husband, 0 woman, and he shall rule over
thee. What are these but epitomized history,
as it lay spread out before Him with whom there
is neither beginning nor ending, and whose
great heart of love had already conceived that
grand restoration implied in the bruising of the
serpents head by the seed of the woman ?
Toil to man and subjection to woman; bitter
experiences thesecurses truly, but regenera-
tive, nevertheless; and at last a Deliverer, the
Son of a Virgin Mother, whose exulting song,
Prom henceforth all nations shall call me
blessed, was but a vibration of the chord
touched in Paradise itself.
Welcome, then, blessed privilege of mother-
hood, with all thy anguish, care, and sorrow ;
in thee, at last, lies the purification of our race,
and abundant compensation for ages of suffer-
ing and subjection and an unwritten history ; not
only because of tliy Son, who taketh away the
sins of the world, but because of thine own in-
nermost power of sympathy by which thou
subduest all hearts to thyself. Let no man fear,
then, to trust to woman the guidance of her own
life in all the ages to come. He who condes-
cended to be born of her, knew well the sanctuary
of her heart, wrought by His own word of power
and into which He also must enter, and that it
would be to His human nature, as to all the race
of man, the Holy of Holies, out of which sancti-
fying influences must forever flow. Accordingly,
we find that the child Jesus, while increasing
in wisdom and stature and in favor with God
and man, was still subject unto his parents,
and that his anxious but reverent mother kept
all his sayings and pondered them in her heart,
wherein she but led the way by which all
mothers, in all times, may hope to come to the
knowledge of all truth, both that which pertains
to this life and also to that which is to come.
Following, then, the history of Christian civili-
zation, which, by every showing, had its begin-
ning in the advent of our Lord, insomuch that
the years themselves are called by His name, 1
come to this conclusion : that a national gov-
ernment whose legislation and executive func-
tions are performed by men alone, has not yet
fully emerged from the barbarism of ancient
times, and has before it a work of regeneration
as serious as any that has marked its progress
since the organization of nationalities.
Let me illustrate. Families governed by
fathers alone, or mothers alone, are less likely
to be well governed than those where their joint
authority controls. Boys need the mental and
moral influence of mothers, and girls of fathers,
that their respective natures may be developed
to a full and harmonious completeness. Just
so a nation needs a governing power which
shall represent the thought and feeling of both
men and women ; and the same infelicities must
attend a national government, by one se^ alone,
that would attend such a family government.
Is it not alter the slow but sure fashion of the
family, that God is training the world to a right
understanding of true national glory and happi-
ness? Christianity first introduced to man the
doctrine of individual liberty and individual re-
sponsibility; and the two are indissolubly con-
nected ; so that a woman who has come to de-
sire the fullest freedom of thought and action
for herself, must, whether she will or not, accept
the divinely-appointed and correlative respon-
sibilities of a free moral agent ; and no man
can attempt to limit her activities in any direc-
tion, without assuming a prerogative of Deity
itself. What God hath joined together, let
not man put asunder.
How vital and integral a part of early Chris-
tian teaching this idea of personal freedom was,
is remarkably i lustrated to my mind by the di-
rect results of it,' in ameliorating the condition
of women during these eighteen hundred years
now past. Missionaries in heathen lands are
never weary of calling upon the women of all
Christian countries to rejoice over their eman-
cipation from bondage, and are full of narra-
tions of the degrading customs still prevailing
among the people they are trying to Christian-
ize. But every step in this onward way has been
one of hesitation on the part of woman, and the
subject of ridicule and opposition on the part of
man ; and I now suppose that this sense of
modesty, which is to keep a woman from going
to the polls, or performing any public duty, is
the same thing that led her to shrink from ap-
pearing unveiled in the presence of any man
save her own lord and master, in the sanctuary
of his harem! But the years will be few
now before she shall have learned wiser discrim-
inations and come to more ennobling judg-
It is not, however, by reason of her virtues
alone that woman should desire to take part in
political government: she is a wrong-doer as well
as man ; there are few crimes which she may
aud does not commit; and by every principle of
justice and right feeling she ought to be tried
by her peersby a jury, one half of whom shall
be of her own sex ; and I have no hesitation in
affirming that our court-rooms will find them-
selves honored rather than disgraced by the
presence of women there, in the character of
judges, counsel, and jurors, so long as women
are liable to be brought there as culprits and
litigants, or even as witnesses. Indeed, it is
one of my chief hopes for the future that the
day will come when men will choose to asso-
ciate with themselves, in the performance of all
the more perilous duties that have heretofore
been assigned to them alone, their wives and
mothers, who, by nature, are less tempted than
themselves to serious detections from virtue.
To mothers as well as fathers should be intrust-
ed the management of those numberless cases
of wrong-doing which call for moral legislation
and penally ; and nothing will do more to hasten
the day of moral purity than a general convic-
tion that boys and young men should be taught
to avoid as carefully sights and sounds of con-
tamination as their yonng sisters, and that mod-
esty is by no means an exclusively feminine vir
Once more you say to me that there does seem
to be some force in the assertion, that if
women would vote they should also fight; and
I reply, once more, that in nothing is the dom-
inance of the physical over the mental more
shown than by that very argument, which, as
you say, is usually the first that comes from the
lips oi all young men. And the force of it is
this: one of the chief duties of man, and of
governments made by men, is war-maJcingall
things would go to ruin it that were not attend-
ed to ; therefore women, who are not fighters by
nature, should not aspire to government. No
doubt this has been the case hitheito, and,
therefore women have been, of necessity, less
influential in upholding the hands of govern-
ment than they are preparing to be in the future ;
because this power of force is rapidly giving
way to the power of the spirit* wherein all have
ever been equal before God, and are destined
so to become in the sight and judgment of man.
But the true answer to those who think that
a government has a right to withhold suffrage
from women because they are not inclined to be
soldiers, is this: that the duties belonging to the
citizen are many and various, and should be re-
quired and fulfilled according to his or her su-
perior capacity for the one or the other; aud as
certain classes of men are considered more val-
uable to the community in the capacity of cler-
gymen, physicians, judges, etc., than m that of
soldiers, and others are considered incapable of
military duty by reason of age or infirmity, so,
if the whole class of women are really thus dis-
abled, cr are needed in other capacities, the
state is no sufferer by such apportionment, hut
shows its wisdom the rather by calling upon
each child of the state to serve wherever he is
most valuable.
It is to be said, moreover, that in these days
of humanity, the sanitary department of war-
mairing is scarcely less important than the fight-
ing ; aid there can be no possible objection to
committing the practical management of this
to woman. Indeed, this ha6 been done during
ouv late war; and few would urge that she should
not be enfranchised because of any failure in
the performance of the very arduous duties
there committed to her.
I seem to see much farther than this, how-

ever, and am prepared to say, that the day of
unjust wars will never cease until women have
a voice in deciding when war shall be under-
taken and for what cause. It is a monstrous
mistake to suppose that the burdens of men as
soldiers will be increased when such power
of decision. has been placed in their hands.
Every one of these women is daughter of some
father, to say the least, and has, pretty surely,
husband, brother, or lover, besides, to whom
the call may come to arm himself for deadly
fight; and this call brings greater anguish to
her than to the hero who girds himself for
battle. We all know how much easier it is to
endure pain and encounter danger for ourselves
alone, than to sit down quietly and see one, to
whom our hearts cleave, going out into the dark-
ness alone ; and one of two things will certainly
happen in the days to come in this landeither
wars will be fewer, or women will insist on shar-
ing the dangers and privations of them, more
than ever they have done before, with those
they love.
If you should suggest that many most unjust
wars have had the sympathy of woman, and
have even been greatly sustained by her, I reply
that, upon examination, it will be found, I
think, that in all these cases there was great
ignorance of the true state of public affairs
among the women, such as could never have ex-
isted had they been responsible law-makers
themselves, or practically interested in ques-
tions pertaining to government and the general
welfare of the state. Without some such stimu-
lus and education as this implies, they have been
and must forever be, so for as I can see, children
of passion rather than of reason, and the appeal
to arms will always strike such minds with less
. of dread and more of welcome than any other ;
just as uncultured nations have always rushed
eagerly to battle, and disdained any other arbi-
trament than that of the sword. It is one
of the boasts of modern civilization that wars
are becoming less frequent under the influence
of education and increased intelligence ; and we
read of the period when swords shall be beaten
into ploughshares and spears into pruning-
hooks, with the accompanying conviction that
it is the enlightened mind of universal man, led
by the spirit of God, whieh is to usher in that
glorious day.
But you will not, I trust, my child, conclude
from all that I have said, that it is my opinion
that wheu the right of suffrage is granted to
women there will be an end to political troubles.
So far from this being the case, I look with
anxiety to the immediate results oi such an ex-
periment, and have only hope in the long fu-
ture. And my hope is based on moral grounds
purely, viz., the, to me, immutable doctrine,
that personal responsibility is the best educatory
scheme that God himself has been able to de-
vise for erring man. Starting with this, and
allowing, as I think we must, that women con-
stitute a large, branch of the human family, I
urge that they should be put upon their respon.
sibilities anywhere and everywhere that human
activities come in; and I see no place whore a
limitation could be made without relieving them
by so much of an obligation that they owe to
themselves, their families, and their God.
Look at the popular objection, that if women
were voters this moment, the state of parties
would remain the same, the numbers in them
only being doubled. This might be so at first,
perhaps, but soon that party most nearly repre-
senting justice and morality would certainly be
the gainer. But guppv§§ it go,
lit lUvfllutiott.
I affirm is, that both parties and all parties,
when made up of active men and women, will
represent a higher grade of thought, feeling,
and action than they now do. Granted that the
men and women of a family will always vote
alike, now and forever: the men will not vote
precisely as they would have done had there
not been an intelligent discussion of the prin-
ciples of political and moral economy in the
family; and thereby we have made the great
gain of which I speak.
If you say, let the women influence the men
in the right way and by the methods suggested,
without actually becoming voters themselves, I
reply, you call upon them to perform an impossi-
bility. No human being ever goes thoughtfully,
earnestly, into any investigation, out of which
there is not to come either a pleasure or a duly.
Look at men themselves, in this country, where
the whole burden of government has lain upon
them for near one hundred yearsand of such
a government, so founded, so maintained, and
of such overwhelming importance to the inter-
ests of mankindand how many of them are
able to persuade themselves to give, on an aver-
age, one day in a month to the stu,dy of the
principles of government, or even to active'po-
litioal duties ? Not only so, but I have noticed,
during the late war, when our election-days
have seemed to me, at times, like judgment-
days themselves, the fate of a nation hanging
in the balance, as it were, that good and honest
and well-meaning men went about their busi-
ness with a calm forgetfulness that was enough
to make ones blood boil; and were only in sea-
son to drop a ballot by virtue of the alertness of
some more earnest brother. What I say, then,
is this : if a man, who knows that the sole re-
sponsibility for active work rests upon him,
cannot bring himself to much study of politics,,
nor even to a remembrance of his most obvitras
duties as a voter, how can you expect a woman,
who has nothing whatever to do with politics, to
keep herself posted on public affairs, and full of
intelligent opinions upon them, simply because
she may possibly have some influence over this
absorbed and very indifferent man? But let
her once understand that, when election-day
comes, she has got to drop a ballot, for this
cause or that, and this man or that, and she
will at least ask some questions of father, hus-
band, 01 brother, which he may find it difficult
to answer ; and so they may both be put on the
search for tbe truth. If, by this asking, family
discussion may be stirred and family dissension,
even, introduced, God be. thanked ; for out Of
this may come a purification of this foul mire of
politics, of which we hear so much, and which
is driving fiom the field of action so many of
our best men. I came not to send peace,
said our Master, but a sword and there
never was a great moral advance made by any
less inpisive method sine the world begun.
Concluded next week.
Social Science Convention.In the new
Social Science Convention, Nov. 11th, in Chica-
go the Committee on organization reported the
Rev. E. Beecher of Gaiesutu^h, Illinois, for
President, and the Rev. H. F. Wines of Spring-
field, Illinois, for Secretary. Tbe papers read
were Womans Place and Value in Society,*
by Dr. Gregory of Illinois Industrial University ;
The Law of Increase of Population,,s by Dr.
Allen of Lowell, Mass. ; The Problem of
Domestic Science, byRobt. n. C. Way land of
Michigan University; Lodging Houses for
Women, by Wth UaU pi toostvm WMii
shall be done with the Insane of the West ? 'by
Dr. McFarland of Illinois.
Whats the use of all this talk about vision-
ary and impracticable things ? Why dont you
women take hold of something you can han-
dle? are the questions asked me numberless
times each week. Martin Luther didnt fold
his hands and cry out peccavi when endeavor-
ing to inaugurate his noble work of reformation
because enemies misrepresented, and laughed
him and his projects to scornand because
lukewarm persons,pretending to be fr.ends,
tried in every way to hamper Mm with doubts
and misgivings ; urging the unpopularity ac-
cruing to all those who stride ahead and attempt
to inaugurate some good work for humanity.
Not at all. Now, I maintain, in the very first
place, that tMs whole talk about the unfeasible
or impossible, is the sheerest nonsense. Take,
for instance, the Working Woman's Associa-
tion, and we shall see that the cause of its
prominence, its success, and the general inter-
est which the public are now manifesting, can be
directly traced to the efforts of one woman, Miss
Susan B. Anthony, who, regardless of sneers,
impervious to all assaults from opposers or luke-
warm friends (and these warm milk and water
folks are dreadful pests), steered the bark Project
safely into port; where it is now receiving car-
go for a life voyage. Now this Association de-
mands the attention of all womankind; and I
am glad that it can show so good a record at
this early stage of its formation.
But I am not a working woman!" says one.
You are not a working woman ; what, then, are
you? Every woman whose soul has kept pace
with, or even followed, however distantly, in the
triumphant march of progress, must, of neces-
sity, be a working woman. You have a hus-
band? You are shielded? You have money,
and, like the lilies of the field, can be arrayed
without toiling or spinning. Shame on a wo-
man who, after confessing her time all leisure,
also confesses no interest in the welfare of her
suffering, scantily paid, down-trodden sisters!
Every whole-souled, large-hearted woman is a
working woman, and if necessity does not com-
pel her to work exclusively for herself and fami-
ly, duty and inclination will keep her employed
for those who most require her assistance. A
false education, and the disposition to ape a
snobbish aristocracy, are at the foundation of all
this aversion to labor ; and it is the duty of
every.member of this Association to stoutly com-
bat these long-standing fallacies. We want
more busy, earnest Marthas! Women who not
only think it no disgrace to workbut women
who are compelled to work to keep themselves
and children from starving; women, too, who
have the ability to speak and give an account of
tbeir own individual experiences ; women with
the iron burning into their own souls; and then
we may not only dwell together in unity, but
acting on the principle that a fellow feeling
makes us wondrous kind, we can arouse by our
sympathies the flagging energies of those who,
through a perpetual series of discouragements,
are tired of fighting the battle of life. If we may
not always enjoy that fine in terchange of though t
and feeling, which a feast of reason, flow of soul,
and a lunch at Delmonicos would bring us, we
can do infinitely more with the good right hand
of fellowship and experience. I am glad that
oiir Sisters of the Sorosis are interesting them-
Ifftes >ti gteat w:k> Many pf them have

3ft* fmltttifltt.
raised themselves from the depths of poverty
and misery to the avenues of ease, wealth, and
fame, by the exercise of talents which, but for
the great necessity of using, would have been
forever hidden from mortal sight. Now let these
women say of themselves what their biogra-
phers will be sure to say by and by. We must
have active and energetic workers ; those who are
willing to attempt any and everything for the
common good. Every member of the Associa-
tion may be commissioned by the highest of all
authorities, God and their own consciences. Not
a few, who, though willing to labor in Gods great
vineyard, are extremely reticent when appealed
to for some account of their own histories and ex-
periences. Just as some persons with enormous
wealth go stingily through life, and at death en-
dow some charitable institution, making a name
for their children to be proud of. Now I con-
tend that a mans money is worth one hundred
per cent, more during his life time than at his
decease; that is, if that man be a benevolent,
God-loving individual, and just in this propor-
tion may we rank our experiences. Can you
not see that when we are able to take a strug-
gling sister by the hand, and say: I, too,
have waded through these waters; I, too,
have been hungry and cold; my soul has
been racked by the same agony that you are
now enduringthat we instil comfort into that
fainting heart immediately ; and then if we add
the pecuniary assistance which should be our
pleasure as well as duty, the result is wonderful.
When suffering from physical torture, and ap-
parently near deaths door, how the flagging en-
ergies were aroused by a friend at our bedside,
who said: I was ill, just as you are, not long
ago. It is hard to. bear; but I recovered and so
will you.
Patient, reticent, easy Marys are all very well
for harmonizing and listening, but I fancy our
Saviours dinner would have been a very scant
affair, had it not been for the earnest, energetic
Martha, and then when we remember that Christ
is the type of an extremely small class, that
most of the men and women with whom we are
now thrown into contact must (because need-
ing) prefer a piece of beefsteak to a pot of oint-
ment, we can understand why the nineteenth
century is not m especial need of women who
are so exquisitely constructed as to have little
interest in the temporal and practical We want
workers, and thinkers, and, more than all, that
sympathy which springs from a keen apprecia-
tion and experience of suffering.
Dont say anything about Female Suffrage.
said a prominent New York lady to me one day
not long since. If that plank can be kept out
of the platform of the Working Womans Asso-
ciation, its success will be brilliant and imme-
That made me laugh, and I said to her as I
say to you : When Susan B. Anthony leaves
that plank out of any platform, constitution, or
by-laws she is instrumental in forming, it will be
when Susan is in a state of coma ; for if there
be anything in spiritualism, her death even
would not interfere with this the best and
dearest of all her projects for female emancipa*
tion. While all thinking women must be per-
fectly aware that Suffrage is the great tmderly.
ing principle of every philanthropic movement,
that without it all measures for equal distribu-
tion of labor and remuneration will be utterly
abortive, they will, I think, cling to Susan and
suffrage, notwithstanding the fact that a few
slaves in all ages have been known to declare
that they had all the rights they desired.
Eleanor Khe.
Foboxen, November, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution :
I send you translations from a dally newspaper, Die
Zvkunftt published in Berlin, Prussia, and from a week-
ly, published by W. Liebknerht a friend of mine in Leipa
zip, Demokratishes Worhenblatt. The latter being the
best paper 1 have seen, should be read, if possible, by
the editors of tbebest paper in the U. 8., which I recom-
mend of course everywhere. Tours truly,
Sigfbid Meyer.
From Die Zukanft [The Future], Berlin, Sepc. 26th.
The Womans Bight of Suffrage found a new argu-
ment in Gordons Antiquities of Parliament. The
ladies of rank and education sate In the council of the
Witten agemote (a kind of parliament of the Saxons in
England). The Abbess Hilda says (Bede) presided at an
ecclesiastical synod. In Wigbfreds grand council at
Bevoonceld, A. D. 691, the Abbesses sate and consulted
about statepffairs ; five of them, together with the King,
the bishops and the noblemen, signed tbe decrees of this
council. King Edgars charter to the Abbey of Crown-
land, A. D. 961, was given with the oonsent of the noble-
men and of the Abbesses.
During the reign of Henreioh III. and Edward I. four
Abbesses, those of Shaftesbury, Berking, St. Mary of Wil-
hester and Winton were called into the parliament. In
the 35th .year of the reign of King Edward HI;, Mary,
countess of Norfolk, Alienor, countess of Ormond, Anna
Dispenser, Philippe, countess of Marrb, Jane Fitzwater,
Agnette, countess of Pembroke, Mary de St. Paul, Mary
de Boos, Matilda, countess of Oxford, and Katbarice,
countess of Athol, were called into the parliament ad
colloquium Iractaium and invested with the privilege of
peer. So John Timbs narrates in his Things Not Gen*
orally Known.
From Demokratishes Wohenblatt, Oct. 8d, 1838.
London, Sept. 28,
The women cause much trouble to the officers of the
parish and to the barristers. A controversy has arisen If
the word man excludes the single women from the
qualification to vote. Both parties maintaining to be in
the right, everybody entitled to do or say anything, aots
as he likes. In Manchester, where many old maids and
widows live, possessing furnished houses, tbe letting
out of which gives a livelihood to themselves, tbe offi-
cers of parish had registered not less than five thou-
sand women, about which the revising officer has to
give his opinion. The revising officer of Leeds has fined
a possessor ot a bouse 10s because she dares to claim a
vote, while a barrister of London made a speech of
two hours to prove that single women, having property,
are entitled to vote. He proved from old acts of parlia-
ment that women have had seat aud vote in parliament.
We are indebted to Mr. J. P. Mendum, of the
Boston Investigator, for two elegant and valuable
engravings that now decorate tbe walls of The
Revolution office. One is a portrait, and an
excellent likeness, of Mrs, Ernestine L. Rose of
this city; the other of the once well-kuown
Frances Wright, an eminent philanthropist and
reformer, and one of tbe most accomplished
scholars and writers of her time. Accompany-
ing the latter picture, Mr. Mendum sends the
following :
Boston, Nov. 10, 1868.
Miss Anthony : I send you, to-day, a lithograph o
Frances Wright, and hope it may reach you safely, and
serve to awaken the minds and hearts of those who look
upon it, and ask who Frances Wright was, and what
she did, notonly for women, but for her race ? Tbe pulpit
and the press vied with each other, thirty years ago, as
to whioh could bestow on that noble woman the most
abuse. Times have changed, and people do not so much
as in by-gone days look reverently to these two great in-
struments for good or evil. Happy will it be for the
world, when truth and falsehood are left freely to com-
bat each other.
Respectfully, J. P. Mendum.
Mbs. Nellie Chase, of Topeka, Kansas, will be a can-
didate before the next Legislature for Enrolling Clerk of
th 3 House, - >
De Witt, Iowa, Oct. 80th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
It being necessary for me, about three weeks since, to
pass through Galesburg, II!., and knowing the Beecher
family had tho reputation of being liberal and progres-
sive in their views, I thought I would call upon Dr.
Edward Beecher of that place to not only iuterest him
in Tiie Revolution, but learn whether it would be
probable I could have the use of his church in whioh
to deliver a lecture .upon the Enfranchisement of
After telling him that four weeks previous I bad the
Methodist church, his first interrogation wasM Did you
have it free of charge? Telling him I did, he asked
if I were working on my own responsiblity and if my lec-
tures were free. After satisfying him on this point, and
adding that I was acting as agent for The Revolu-
tion, he Inquired if that was the paper that had been
favoring tbe democratic party. I told him it favored
neither partythat it thought botjj parties were so cor-
rupt that neither of them was fit to be trusted with tbe
interests of the nationthat politics had become a sys-
tem of gambling, and unless a third party should arise,
embodying sufficient moral power to lift it into the world
of morals, our oountry would share the fate of every re-
public that had preceded it. To which Mr, Beecher re-
plied, to thus, with one sweep, denounce the great
body politic as shamefully corrupt, was taking upon ones
self a great responsibility. I told him when I spoke
of political corruption I 'applied my remarks to the
rulers and not the peoplethat the masses of the peo-
ple in both parties meant well. He said the people in
the republican party meant well, but in the democratic,
they did not. I told him that my observation and ex-
perience had convinced me that all men, regardless of
the party to which they lent their support, desired to
have honest men in officemen who had at heart and
would work for the interest ol the people j but so
long as a few mercenary, ambitious, selfish men, who,
convened in the caucus rooms, controlled the votes of the
people, bribery, fraud and corruptionorime of every
shade and character would be sustained and protected
by lawthat the people, instead of finding in their rulers
faithful friends and protectors, would find in them their
most dangerous enemies. I told him there was evi-
dently something rotten in Denmark, when, by a
few yearn sitting in the U. 8. Senate, poor men became
independently wealthy, and facts proved that rcpnblioan
officials, in this respect, were equally as guilty as demo-
That any one should have the audacity to class re.
publicans and democrats in tbe same category as equally
criminal and corrupt, seemed to rouse Mr. Beecher al-
most to anger. Compare, he says, tbe platforms of the
two parties, their position, for instance, upon tbe Finan-
cial question, adding, the republican platform was one
of principle. Here I casually remarked that Thad.
Stevens did not think so. Almost rudely Mr. B. ob-
served, thats a great way to reply to a statement
like thatThad. Stevens is dead (as though the truth
he uttered died with him)immediately following my
example by saying, in a derisive tone, Ben Butler
dont tbink so either. Whereupon I told him I
thought the Chicago platform entirely devoid of prin-
ciplethat it dodged the Finance and Suffrage ques-
tions both, the two great issues of the hour.
He differed with me, saying he thought it was very ex-
plicit upon the Finance questionthat ii declared the in.
tention of tbe party to meet all our obligations accord-
ing to the original contract.
Asking him what he understood that contract to be, he
said the contract was, that the interest upon all the bonds
should be paid in gold, and of a portion of them the
principle also should be, and the principle of tbo rest
be paid in coin (suppose he meant gold or silver.) 1
told him I did not so undei stand it, but that I
had given the Finance question but little thought, but
when I heard politicians assert that in order to pay
our debt in greenbacks, the country would have to be
inflated with that kind of currency, it always puzzled
me to understand how then it could be paid in gold ;
but the national banking system I thought I under-
stood sufficieutly to justify myself In denouncing it as
a soheme concocted by Congressional speculators to
enrich the rich and impoverish tbe poor.
He told me he would not give three cents for my
opinionsasked me ii I thought by a few months
investigation I was fit to teach the people upon a
great question like Finance.
I told him I confined my lectures strictly to the
subject of Woman Suffragethat I never had but once

gUMluUfltl. 827
in public said anything upon the Financial question
that my opinion upon Finance was expressed in conver-
sations with individuas.
But he replied, you say you are an agent /or The
Revolution, and are doing all you can to increase its
circulation.0 I told him very emphatically that such
was the case. Then, said he, I shall use my influence
against your having the church. Very well, I told
him that I wculd not yield or misrepresent my opin-
ion upon a great question like this if I had no room to
speak inthat upon no consideration would I be
guilty of lending what little influence I might have in
support of the principles of the Chicago platform. He
said persons might make up their minds that the
moon was made of green cheese and make a matter of
conscience of it. I told him I agreed with him there,
but he aid not seem to realize that one individual
* was as liable to be deceived in this way as another, or
be would not have asserted that for an individual or a
journal to lend its influence against the carrying out of
the principles declared in the platform of the republican
party was a sin against God and their country ; and,
furthermore, that the national banking system was per*
fectiy adapted to the wants of the people, neither would
he have passed judgment upon The Revolution
without ever having seen a copy of the paper.
Much more of similar controvq rsy was indulged in,
during which his whole bearing indicated that he
thought me some young, ignorant woman, unknown and
unheard of, who was ambitious to be known in some way
or other, and had1 chosen lecturing upon Woman's
Rights as the shortest road to notoriety. And I did
not so much wonder at his conclusions, for when I
came into his presence, his coolness and austerity, and
knowing his name was Beecher, I felt very much as
Gnlliver said he did when he found himself on an un-
known Island, surrounded by men and women sixty feet
high; and, judging from my feeling while there, I
presume I expressed myself as bunglingly as I felt
confused and inferior., Vet, after all, when out of
the house and after shedding a few tears, I could but
think of a saying of Gerrifc Smiths, that to be able to
adapt our conversation to children, so as to entertain and
interest them, is the surest evidence of greatness.
Mr. Beecher seemed to think that age and years of
thought were requisite to thoroughly understand the
principles of Finance.
Mr. Beecher has evidently never reflected that money
is only the representative of labor, and no man has a
Just right to any more than he earns.
Rev. Mr. Baloh, pastor of the Universallst church, I
found to be a very pleasant, genial mana man who be-
believes and carries out the principle that theory without
practice is dead. He is a friend to our cause, and de-
clares his intention to take the paper.
Rev. Mr. HavermiU, of the Methodist church, also be-
lieves in the doctrine that woman was created as a help-
mate to man, in government as well as everywhere else.
Rev. Mr. Clayton, pastor of the tTniversalist church,
at Young America, formerly of Albany, N. 7., is also
with us.
Rev. Mr. Gordon, pastor of the Univeraalist church at
Oneida, HL. one of the most progressive and liberal
clergymen of the age. is enthusiastic in the oause. I
socepted his invitation to All his pulpit the Sunday
night I was there, and on Monday night following
spoke in the same church upon * Enfranchisement of
On last Friday night I spoke to a large audience in
Geniseo, 111., a place of five or six thousand inhabitants.
The evening previous, Hon. Clark Carr, of Galesburg, a
gentleman well known in that part oi the state, spoke
in the same hall, upon the issues of the campaign in be-
half of tbe republican party. I will not attempt to
give a report of bis speech. Like every political speech
I have heard, it reminded me of a statement I saw
not long since in The Revolution, that were it
not for tbe democrats it would be hard to tell what the
republicans would have to talk about. Hot but tbere
Is enough to he said.
There are questions of infinite importance to the
peoplequestions that every man and woman should be
interested in and acquainted with ; but it were better
tor the country if our politicians would 6sy nothing
upon them than to deceive aud mislead the people as
they do in the way they are at present discussing them.
Mr. Carr said when the democratic party was in power
it was said that Washington was so corrupt, the man in
the moon had to bold his nose as he went over It. The
truth is, this is a saying of a Massachusetts republican
paper in regard to the moral condition of Washington
at the present time. Doubtless the remark w&6 true
then, and is now. At the dose of his speech he said
he republican party was based upon the principle of
equal rights to all men. After he had taken his seat, I
arose and asked him if be meant all women too ? which
brought the house down. He very courteously replied;
that he did. I then told him 1 proposed on (he fol-
lowing evening to discuss (hat part of the question,
and hoped the same audience would favor me with
a hearing, which they did, and brought all their friends
with (hem. At the close of the lecture more than two-
thirds of the women in the audience (and there were
many present) voted in favor of the political equality
of the sexes.
Women all over are beginning to realize how degraded
is their position, and are waking up to a sense of their
duty at this hour. The silent pleading oi their sons
and daughters, coming up from, every cesspool of crime
and iniquity in (he land, saying, Oh save me, mother,
has reached the ear of many mothers, daughters and
sisters, and they are heeding the cry, and asking tbe
power to do the woik that humanity is calling upon
them to do. Oh I brother man, deny it not. Rather en-
courage woman to think and act, for her condition
morally, mentally, and physically decides your plane of
thought, feeling and existence.
Would you have the race redeemed from mental and
physical disease, put nothing in the way of womans
highest elevation.
Yours, in behalf of truth and a higher civilization,
Mattie H. Bbinssbboef.
The London Pall Mall Gazette has a long let-
ter from an English traveller in this country,
on the Eev. Olympia Brown, from which the
following is extracted :
The one circumstance to which I have referred was
that the service was conducted bv a woman. Instead of
the Dissenting preacher the pulpit was oocupied by a
lady, whose appearance I will not venture to describe
further than to say that her dress was perfectly ladylike
and simple, and that her features were of the rather re-
fined and intellectual type so common amongst Ameri-
' can women. The feeling of strangeness which naturally
possessed me for a moment soon passed away when she
glided quietly mto the usual concatenat ion of Scripture
phrases which in her denomination does duty for a
prayer. The sensation was not that of listening to a
woman usurping the functions of a priest, but rather
that of hearing a schoolmistress read prayers to a class
filled'with an unusual proportion of adults. 1 expected,
however, that the sermon would bring out the peculiari-
ties of the system a little more distinctly.
Here in one respect, I must admit that the preacher
had a merit which should be, perhaps, ascribed rather
to her nationality than to her sex. Americans some-
times preach atrociously bad sermons, but they have at
least this virtue, that they preach as if they were not in
a paroxysm of shyness. An Englishman has a certain
awkwardness when he has got upon his legs in face of
an audience, whiob always seems to say, I know that
I am making a fool of myself. He ecuns gesticulation
as It the greatest fault that an orator could commit was
to be oratorioal; and tries to impress upon his audience
generally with successthe opinion that he is doing
something exquisitely uncomfortable to himself as it
can be to them. I confess I prefer to see a speaker ao-
cept his situation, and prefer a fault in the direction of
artificiality to the fault of ostentatious absence of pre-
paration. It is bad to be over-dressed at a party, but it
Is worse to come in your shirt-sleeves. However this
may be, our lady preacher seemed to me to read her
sermon gracefully and well, without anything over-
strained in manner or language, and yet with an obvious
care and attention to effect which seomed to imply pre-
vious training. In short, so far as her style is conoerned,
she was infinitely preferable to'half the English curates
who stumble through their twenty minutes of nonsense,
to (he distress of (he ears and brains of their congrega-
Of the substance of her address, 1 must spe ik more
cautiously. The quiefcnes of her m inner was suitable
to her doctrine. My experience left it doubtful whether
a lady could do justioe to one of those sermons which
deal In hell-fire and the tortures of the damned. I sus-
pect that manly lunge are indispensable for that excel-
lent mode of awakening sinners. Unluckily the lady
belonged to the Univerealists, a sect which rejects the
consoling doctrine that some souls will be damned. And
the sermon was directed to obviating some of the sup-
posed consequences of this lamentably laxity of *euU- |
men A She sought to prove that people should be vir-
tuous from a love of virtue and not from fear of hell-fire
or hope of personal advantage. The last point seemed
to me to be well made out. She argued with great truth
(hat many virtuous people were killed in railway aoet-
dents, and even ruined in business. She observed still
more forcibly that virtue would not belp a man to be
President of the United States. Indeed, she suggested
that if a party were to select a candidate simply on the
ground of his being the most virtuous man in the coun-
try, it was very possible that his merits would not be
appreciated. If virtue does not.evenin a 'republican
country, lead to office, and if vice doesn't lead to hell,
the qaestion remainsWhy should we be virtuous t
And as this point has been treated by a gCod many mor-
alists of reputation, to whose remarks our preaober
added little, I will not trouble you with any analysts of
her argument.Founded upon a heterodox theory, it
must of course, have been illogical; we must not be de-
prived of our devil, even if Miss Olympia Brown -bolds
that a belief in him rests Christianity upon Selfishness.
But, although the heretical opinions -of the preaober
naturally damped my pleasure in her sermon, I could
not deny that her language was good, and that there was '
even something healthly about a stoical view of >virtue
in a country where virtue is too apt to be valued on the
ground of enlightened self-interest, that Is. because
it pays. I confess, too, to liking a sermon which implies
a certain intellectual aotivity in the hearers. Of course
I should prefer the less metaphysical discourses which I
had (be privilege of attending before leaving England,
where a gentleman proved in four Sundays that Jonih
really got intojhe whale's belly. The erudition displayed,
and tbe moral applications drawn, made such sermons
far superior to poor Miss Brown's disquisitions on an
inscrutable metaphysioal problem. The fact, however,
was established to my mind, though it is not a very big
fact, that a lady could preach in excellent manner a
sermon well adapted to excitethe attention of an in-
telligent country congregation.
I may add, though only on hearsay evideuoe, (hat (he
lady is said to manage the Sunday schools and other
such matters with great "skill, that her Congregation is
more prosperous than at any former period. -Miss
Brown was chosen, as I am informed, simply because
she was the best candidate who offered for the place :
and the choice seems to have caused no more sensation
than the appointment of a female editor to a msgacine
would cause In England. 6he could do (he business
better than any available man, and was therefore let -to
do it.
Westebn Women in the Pulpit.The He-
brewffiprophecy is fast getting fulfilledthat the
sons and daughters shall prophesy. Two
new tTniversalist ministers were first heard from
last week: Miss Prudence Le Clerc of Vevay,
Indiana, and Bey. Miss Chapin who has just as-
tonished Chicago by her pulpit power, the firat
woman who ever appeared in that city as a
recognized minister. Both Miss Le Clero anid
Miss Chapin are complimented highly on their
performances. Of the latter, the Chicago Tri-
bune says a great many fine things (with some
not so flattering) like the following :
In every respect Miss Chapin is a perfect lady, of ex-
cellent cultivation, as concerns both person and mind.
She is not so marked an oratress as Miss Dlckin son.
Miss Anthony, or Mrs. Stanton, but within the vocation
adopted by her, she would be excelled by neither of
those excellent ladiee, since her style is more unassum-
ing. She gives evidence of a cultivated voice, and
ber pronunciation is sufficiently forcible and olear
to be beard in our largest halls. Tnere is nothing as-
suming about her style and her gestures are oonftned to
a slight inclination of the body and a graceful movement
of the hands. Miss Chapin is oertalnly the eqnal of the
average male ministers, both as regards intellectual at*
tainmeuts and delivery, aud yet we would have preferred,
the novelty exceptedthat the sermon be read by a
man. * While we have criticised Miss Chapin some
what, we would do everything in our power to encourage
herin her vocation. The pulpitis a place'thatcan as well
be filled by a woman as a man, and as a visitor to the
bedside of tbe sick and dying, she would in many cases
prove more acceptable than the latter, with his rougher
and more uncouth manners. In our opinion, the eooiety
of Universalists deserve oredlt for the example set la
admitting women to the pi iviloges of th e pulpit.
Millions of throats will bawl for Civil Rights;
No women named. Teanyaon.

Cl)f licnnintinn.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor*
' 1 -i-j-r
The organ of the National Party of New America,
based on Individual Bights and Responsibilities ; devofc-
. ed to Principle not Policy, Justice not Favors ; Men,
their Rights and Nothing More ; Women, their Rights
and Nothing Less. Demands Educated Suffrage, irre*
spectlve of sex or color. Eight hours Labor, with equal
pay to women for equal work, Practical Education
every girl as well ae boyrich as well as poortrained
to fcome useful employment. Cold Waternot Alcho-
boho drinks, or Medicines. An American System of
Grateful for past patronage, as well as sur-
prised at its liberal extent, at the end of the first
year we are encouraged to renew our appeal to
the publio in behalf of The Revolution.
This is the first attempt in this country to es-
tablish a public journal on a truly democratic
basis. Manhood suffrage even, irrespective of
- oolor, has, until very reoently, been advocated by
but few of our newspapers, religious, liter-
'ary, political or pictorial; while multitudes of
them have ridiculed and reviled the colored man
as unworthy and unfit to be admitted to equal
The Revolution will continue to demand
equality of rights, privileges and prerogatives,
for both men and women. This is its primary
condition in reconstructing the government;
and in this respect it stands pre-eminently
alone. Chattel slavery, fostered and upheld by
the democratic party, wrought the ruin of the
nation. That was one form of injustic^ All
the present policies for reconstruction by the
republican party, are as unjust to woman as was
African slavery to its victims. Without any
voice or representation in the government, she
is deprived of liberty, property, life ; and, dearer
than life, may be robbed of her children also, by
laws and constitutions which men have made!
Privileges and favors may or may not be bestowed
upon her ; but the power that gives them can
take them away, at its convenience or pleasure.
Literally, under the law, woman has no rights
which man is bound to respect! This form of
injustice the republican party proposes to con-
tinue with all its rigors on half the population
of the country on account of their sex.
Hence we have made The Revolution
the organ of the idea that must be the basis of
the New National party of America.
That The Revolution is the cheapest
paper in America, need not be told. Its typo-
graphical execution and general presentation,
are most complimentary to its printer, and an
honor to his profession. Our object has been
not so much to make a popular paper, as to
educate and elevate the people to higher,
nobler views of justice and truth. As the Lib-
erator, in the hands of Mr. Garrison, was the
pioneer, the pillar of light and of fire to the
slaves emancipation, so we have endeavored to
make The Revolution the guiding star to
the enfranchisement of woman.
Until woman is awarded equal pay with man
for equal work, and is permitted to enter any
calling to which she is adapted, the Work-
'*' : ---
ing Womens Associations will continue to be a
necessity, and will secure a due share of atten-
tion in our columns ; though all efforts for
woman are fragmentary and superficial until
she holds the ballot in her own hand and has a
voioe in the laws.
Thenobility, the power, the true worth of any
nation is in its educating and producing class.
Any other department of society could be spared;
but this never. It is the vital air, the real
source and centre of all national life and being.
To its interests, The Revolution stands
specially pledged ; and will seek to guard them
with all the vigilance and care commensurate
with human effort, wisdom, prudence and
Thus proposing, we now appeal, in its behalf,
to every woman and to every friend oi woman
throughout the country, to aid us in giving it
the widest circulation possible in the coming
year. It advocates the true dignity of labor,
and insists that the worlds work should be
done by the worlds people, its whole people ; as
well the rich as the poor, the learned as the
rude, the mau as the woman. Thus labor
would become easy, an honor, a delight, and a
sure guarantee to health, happiness and national
prosperity, and its hours would no longer
need regulating by law.
While The Revolution will study to avoid
whatever might array the laboring man against
the capitalist, producing discord in any manner
between rich and poor, it still holds the pre-
sent laws regulating capital and rates of in-
terest to be most unequal and unjust to the
laboring classes; and so it has adopted a
Commercial and Financial Policy peculiarly
its own, the advantages of which we have
endeavored to present from week to week.
The general questions of national finance, in-
cluding all the varieties of tariff and taxation,
have been too much neglected by the people,
and there is reason to fear their interests suffer
greatly iu consequence. It is the aim of The
Revolution to create a more extensive study
of this subject, and one of the books we have
offered as a premium lor subscribers, entitled
Kelloggs New Monetary System, is admir-
ably adapted to that purpose. 1
Whatever pertains to the general interest and
welfare of the countryEducation, Temperance,
public and private Virtue Mid Morality, will
continue to receive attention and support.
With this statement of our purposes we
appeal to the liberality of the friends of
equal justice and impartial liberty throughout
the laud. We ask every subscriber to become a.
self-constituted agent for The Revolution.**
If each one would but procure one other, that
would at once double the circulation. Many,
with a little effort, could do that and more. We
have made a liberal offer of premiums, as will
be seen in the Prospectus, to induce persons
who have leisure to undertake this work.
Whoever subscribes for the coming year and
pays the two dollars, may commence at once
and receive the paper to the end of the present
year gratuitously. Our club rates, too, will be
seen to be of the most liberal character. We
have offered every inducement, that the doc-
trines and principles of The Revolution
may be widely and rapidly spread, and the
reign of justice and impartial liberty be
speedily ushered in.
But the importance of the work should be the
one sufficient inducement. The present, too, is
a period of agitation and commotion in the na-
tural, as well ae in the moral, social and politi-
cal world, unexampled in all the records oi the
past. As the angel went down on occasions,
and troubled the Judean pool that the first who
entered might be healed, so the foundations of
the universal soul of humanity are now stirred
by divine influences like the waters of a great
deep. And now, emphatically, is our opportu-
nity. Let it not be lost.
The world waits help. The'world iB old :
But the old world waits the hour to he renewed :
Toward which new hearts in individual growth
Must quicken, and increase to multitude
In new dynasties of the race of men ;
Developed whence, shall grow spontaneously
New churches, new economies ; new laws
Admitting freedom ; new societies
Excluding falsehood. He shall make all new.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Susan B. Anthony.
New York, 37 Park Row, )
Nov. 25,1868. \
We are constantly asked, if women vote, what
will become of the biead and babies ?
Xn view of the heavy bread, and badly cooked
food we find on most tables, and the shocking
mortality among infants, we contemplate with
wonder and pity the blind faith of man in the
maternal and culinary intelligence of the weak
minded who have no aspirations beyond Heck-
ers flour, Mrs. Winslows soothing syrup, and
Wheeler and Wilsons sewing machine. See-
ing that women have devoted themselves through
the ages to domestic economy and failed, as
miserably as men have in the art of government,
we have, after mature thought, come to the con-
clusion that just as womans enlightened inter-
est in political questions will improve the state,
so mans skill and science are necessary to re-
deem the home from its present disorder, di-
sease, and death. If there are two things we
thoroughly understand, they are babios and
bread, and for our knowledge of both these di-
vine arts we are indebted to philosophical,
scientific gentlemen.
The only valuable work we ever saw on In-
fancy was written by a man, Andrew Combe of
Scotland, a close observer, a sound thinker, and
a learned physiologist. We shall never forget
how tempest tossed we were when we first found
ourself the happy possessor of a man child
without the slightest knowledge of what to do
for his comfort and protection. An ignorant
nurse fidgeted round the room day and night,
sang melancholy ditties, and rocked vehemently,
while the child cried continually with a loud
voice, and we wept, prayed and philosophized
by turns. Reasoning on general principles, we
at last came to the conclusion that inasmuch as
the child was large and vigorous, there must
be some mistake on the part of the nurae that
he was not quiet and comfortable. Accordingly,
we fortified ourself in that opinion by a faithful
reading of what Mr. Combe had to say on babies
in general. The result ot this consideration of
his opinions was a prompt revolution in the
whole nursery department, and a transfer of
pain, from the baby to the nurse* v.ho stood
humbled and chagrined as she saw her time
honored system summarily set aside, the pins,
paregoric, catmint, and cradle driven out,
while pure air, sunlight and common sense
walked in. Oh! what sighs, what groans,
what doubtful shakings of the head, what sup-
pressed laughter and whisperings in the hall we
heard during the first few days atter the inau-
guration of that dynasty of health, happiness
and rest to that new born soul.

lu, gUvuIutUtt.
When the three hours cry begun that day,
which ancient dames assured us was a custom
that had been faithfully kept by all the sons of
Adam from time immemorial, we ordered the lit-
tle sufferer to be promptly stripped? to the skin
and put in a warm bath : that brought instant re-
lief, after which he was dressed in a few light
garments hung on the shoulders, with no swad-
dling bands, no pressure on the lungs or bow-
els, and laid down to sleep. He was fed (ac-
cording to Combe) every two hours by day, and
but once during the night. After that we had
peace, though eternal vigilance on our part was
its price. The custom of pinning babies up as
tight as a drum is both cruel and absurd. We
asked the antiquarian who tortured our first
bom in that way, why she did it ? The bones
of young babies are so soft and their flesh so
tender, said she, tha t they are in constant dan-
ger of dissolution unless tightly pinioned to-
gether. We soothed her fears by pointing to
the fact that colts and calves, puppies and kit-
tens, all lived and flourished without bandages,
and lor the benefit of the race we said we would
make the experiment on one of the human
If babies are regularly fed, bathed and com-
fortably dressed, and in a pure atmosphere, they
will be quiet and healthy. The ignorance of
women on these subjects is truly lamentable.
We have seen children a year old that had never
tasted water, when they should have it half a
dozen times every day from the hour of their
birth. We have found fathers who worked hard
all day complain bitterly of being disturbed at
night by crying children, hence the common
use of Mrs. Winslows soothing syrup, which
only tends to increase the irritable condition of
the nervous system, and permanently weaken
the brain.
Young mothers no doubt imagine that this
Mrs. Winslow is some experienced, humane
old lady, who loves little children, knows just
how to soothe them to sleep and pilot them
through all the pitfalls of infancy, when, in
fact, this abominable syrup is compounded by
some ignorant man, in whiskers, broadcloth
and boots, wbo lives and fattens on his ill-gotten
gains, while babies are sent by the hundreds to
untimely graves or made idiots and lunatics for
life. s. c. s.
The republican papers promise all sorts of
economical reforms under the incoming admin-
istration. Aod the Times last week showed
how much needed they are. It said, among
other things, that a change of a single official in
Chicago is said to have cost our government
$100,000 in a single year, merely from his in-
experience. All our intelligent public men de-
plore this evil in regard to the revenue service
eontinully. Mr. Wells has written of it in
almost every report he has made to Congress.
Before the war, people were comparatively in-
different how much they were cheated by their
officials. The nation was rich and could afford
losses. Now we are under a heavy debt, and
every man desires that all public expenses and,
above all, leakages, should be kept at as low a
point as possible.
The Times makes some just complaints about
the Post Office regulations. Comparing'ours
with the British system, it says, take so simple
an instance as the decipherer of illegible ad-
dresses, an Important official in an English Post
Office. Each year he acquires a greater facility
in his art, until, in the British service, a letter
seldom miscarries from bad handwriting. In
Great Britain, such a man holds his place dur-
ing good behavior, or is promoted to a higher
position in tbat department. Here, he would
probably be turned out in four years, and enter
some other business. A new man would be
put in to learn this art, and for some years
what blunders and costly mistakes would the
public suffer under, just because a party place-
hunter must be rewarded!
All these suggestions apply with equal force
to every department of the government, from
the highest to the lowest; and if Gen. Grant
reforms these abuses materially, he will have to
regenerate and reform nearly all the officials
and public men, or cast them behind his back
and there leave them. It is folly and madness
to look for any new harvests from the present
stock of politicians. ^
After the delirium of a Presidential Cam-
paign, there comes a stagnation in the public
The national pulse and heart return to their
normal condition, in fact from the reaction they
beat fainter than before, and a general indif-
ference to all that concerns the state, settles
down upon the people.
The office seekers, few in number compared
to the whole, are, as usual, ^more vigilant than
ever; but the mass of the people feel that their
work is done for the next four years, and all
alike go about their private business; some,
still to move in paths of peace and pleasantness ;
but the multitude, to plod on in poverty, ignor-
ance and crime, with no hope of rest or joy this
side the dark river of death. Jeremy Bentham
says, if the people want good rulers, they must
never trust them without watching, Chains
to the man in power, that restrain as well as
rattle. Unthinking people imagine that gov-
ernment and religion axe based on laws as im-
mutable as the solar system, not seeing that
through mans ignorance, selfishness, and folly,
all the natural laws of justice, equality and
fraternity that, if obeyed, would secure freedom
and happiness to man, are being continually
This blind faith of the people in things as
they are, in their public teachers and rulers, is
the one cause why all the mighty nations of the
past that have risen in pride and pomp and
power, have one after another passed into ob-
livion ; and this will be our fate unless the work-
ing classes be roused from the lethargy of de-
spair, their conscience and couiage quickened
into life, and with one simultaneous shout shall
demand that the declaration of the Fathers
be realized, and a government of the people be
established on this continent. Crafty 'men
know tbat now, during this lull of public
thought and speech, and while the ruling party
is elated with success, is the time to push all
doubtful means and measures for the coming
adminstration. One thing already proposed is
to raise the salary of the President to one hun-
dred thousand dollars ; four times more than
any President has had irom the beginning of
the government. As this will be raised by tax-
ing the working classes, they are interested in
opposing the measure as speedily as possible,
for if this be accomplished, it will be the first
step towards raising the salaries of all the officers
under government, Gen. Grant has been ac-
customed all his life to a simple, economical
style of living, and he will be a wiser and more
virtuous man if he continues it. When all the
brave men who fought for this nations life are
comfortably housed and fed and clothed, when
no soldiers wives and daughters are compelled
to sell themselves for bread, it will be time
enough for the American people to be ambi-
tious that the surroundings of thrir government
officials shall vie in luxury and elegance with the
nobles of the old world. It would be a prouder
boast for this nation, that in. the length and
breadth of our green land there was no man
without a homestead, than that the style of our
President surpassed any of the crowned heads
in Europe. The genius of our institutions is to
establish equality among the citizens ; hence all
our legislation should be to prevent, as far as
possible, the accumulation of wealth in the
hands of the few, and all those unnatural dis-
tinctions in society ; the selfishness, sloth and
excess ; the ignorance, brutality and vice, that
are the result of the extremes of wealth and
Let the working men be wide awake to every
act and proposition of their rulers, and help to-
day to roll back the fast coming tide of bribery
and corruption that threaten our existence as a
Again, it is proposed by the liberal party to
make a bold stand for manhood suffrage*
in every stats in the Union. Do the refiner^
educated women of this republic choose to see
every type of ignorant manhood exalted
above their heads ? Shall they who, m
their own land, have seen woman sold on the
auction-block, yoked with the ox, her feet in
iron shoes, never permitted to see the face of
any man but her owner," shall they who have
ever looked down upon woman as a degraded
being, make laws for the daughters of the Pil-
grims? Let the women of the country also
watch their rulers ; remember no one class ever
legislated wisely for another. The one bow of
promise we see in the midst of the general po-
litical demoralization that all our thinking men
deplore to day, is the determined, defiant posi-
tion of the laboring classes, and the restless
craving of women for nobler and more serious
purposes in life. These are the signs of health
and healing for the nation ; for in the restora-
tion of the love element, which is woman, capi-
tal and labor will be reconciled, intelligence and
activity welded together, forming a trinity that
shall usher in the golden age that prophets fore-
told, and poets sang in the beginning.
E. C. S.
The first Annual Meeting of the New Jersey State Wo-
man's Suffrage Association will be held in Vineland, Dec.
2, 1868.
All persons who are opposed to the existing aristocra-
cy ot sex, and who desire to establish a republican form
of government in New Jersey, based upon the consent
of the governed, are respectfully invited to attend.
Lucretla Mott, Ernestine L. Bose, Mary F. Davis, Lu-
cy Stone, Antoinette L. Brown Blackwell, Elizabeth A.
Kingsbury, Deborah Butler, Olive F. Stevens, and other
noted speakers, will be present.
This is the woman's hour. The Presidential election is
settled. By republicans and democrats the respective
claims of the negro and the rebel to the ballot are veil*
mently urged. Prominent leaders of each party propose
to compromise by conferring suffrage upon both.
Shall women alone be omitted in the reconstruction
Shall our own mothers, wives, and sisters, he ranked
politically below the most ignorant and degraded men ?
Let the friends of virtue, intelligence, loyalty, temper-
ance and justice answer. By order oi the Executive
Committee. Luoy Store, President.
D. U, AUS5, Secretary,

3tfte gUMlutiaa.
It seems to have been every way a success.
It was long in coming, a little exclusive and
fastidious in its make up, but well attended,
every way well supported, was continued two
days, both of which were crowded with business
or discussions until almost midnight, a New
England Womans Suffrage Association was or-
ganized and officered under a well considered
constitution, a series of most pronounced reso-
lutions was adopted, and the Convention ad-
journed at a very late hour on Thursday even-
ing full of enthusiastic hope and determination
as to the future action of the Association and
its friends.
Among the prominent persons in attendance
was Eev. Dr. Clarke, of Boston, who presided,
with the following who were elected officers of
the Convention:
Vice-PresidentsT. W. HiggissoB, Newport, B. I.; Sam-
uel B. Bewail, Boston ; Pauline W. Davis. Providence, B.
I.; Caroline M. Severance, West Newton, Mass.; Thos. T.
Stone, Brooklyn, Conn.; Nathaniel White, Concord ; B.
B. Stratton, Worcester; Abby Kelley Foster, Worcester ;
Charlotte L. Forten, Boston; Anna D. HaUowell, Med-
ford,Mass.; EUa Wright Garrison, Boston; JamesHutch-
inson, West Bandolph, Vt. ; Newell A. Foster, Portland
SecretariesCharles K. Whipple, Kate Hart, George H.
Among the distinguished speakers on the oc-
casion were Mr. William Lloyd Garrison, Mrs.
Julia Ward Howe, Mrs. Dr. Jackson and Hon.
Samuel E. Sewall of Boston, Mr. Blackwell,
Lucy Stone and Mrs. Kingsbury of New Jersey,
Col. T. W. Higginson of Rhode Island, Rev.
Olympia.Brown, Hon. Henry Wilson, Mrs. Abby
Kelley Foster, Stephen S. Foster, Frederick
Douglass, Mrs. Frances E. W. Harper, Hon. F.
W. Bird, Charles L. Remond, and many others,
including several clergymen not heretofore
widely known in the field of Reform. Letters of
sympathy with and approval of the objects of the
Convention were read from Gov. Bullock of
Mass., Mr. Geo. Wm. Curtis and Mrs, Frances
D. Gage of New York, Mr. John Neal of ,Port-
land, Me., and several others.
The following resolutions, offered by Rev.
Samuel May of Boston, were considered with
others and adopted after long, earnest and very
able discussion.
Whereas all human beings are endowed by their
Creator with inalienable rights of life, liberty and prop,
erfcy, and whereas to seoure these rights governments
are instituted among men deriving their just powers
from the consent of the governed, therefore,
Besolved, That suffrage is an inherent right of every
American citizen, without distinction of sex.
Besolved, That our existing governments both
state and nationalwill be anti-republican in form and
anti-democratic in fact so long as one-half of the people
are unjustly excluded from the polls.
Besolved, That the injustice everywhere inflicted by
the law upon womanas mother, wife and widowis the
inevitable consequence of class legislation : that, as the
riob cannot be trusted to make laws for the poor, nor
the white for the black, so men cannot be safely trusted
to make laws for women.
Besolved, That we invite the republican party to drop
its watchword of Manhood Suffrage and the demo-
cratic party to abandon its motto of "A White Mans
Government, and to unite in an amendment to the
constitution of the United States extending suffrage to
all men end women as the inalienable birthright of
every American citizen.
Besolved, That we call upon the senators and repre-
sentatives of Now England in Congress to demand suf-
ir^go for women in the District of Columbia and in the
Territories upon the same terms and qualifications as
are prescribed for men.
The following are the declarative portions of
the Constitution :
1. Believing in the natural equality of the two sexes and
that women ought to enjoy the same legal rights and
privileges as men, and that as long as women are denied
the eleotlve franchise they suffer a great wrong and soci-
ety a deep and Incalculable injury, tbe undersigned agree'
to unite In an association to be called The New Eng-
land Woman Suffrage Association. ' *-
2. The object of this Association shall be to proouro the
right of suffrage for women and to effeot snch changes
In tbe lawe as shall place women la all respects on an
equal legal footing with men.
The 3d section designates the officers.
4. Any person may be a member of tbe Association Tip -
on an annual contribution, or a life member by the pay-
ment of twenty dollars.
The four next sections relate chiefly to tbe
duties of the officers, and the designs of the so-
ciety as to its action, in the future, which prom-
ises well.
9. Tbe annual meeting of the Association shall be held
on such day in the last week in May, in Boston, and at
such hour and place, and be called in such manner as
the Executive Committee may appoint.
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, a very recent convert
to the doctrine of Womans Suffrage, was elected
President, with some fifteen Vice-Presidents*
Mr. Garrison the first named ; with Sarah Clark,
Recording and Charles K. Whipple Correspond-
ing Secretaries.
The press, both of New York and Bosfcoa, ap-
pears to have been in the main very just and
liberal towards the Convention, famishing ex-
tended reports of proceedings. The best we
have seen, were in the Boston Post and the
New York World. Only our want of space pre-
vents our copying in full, though the speeches
and discussions present little in the way of ar-
gument, illustration or appeal not already fami-
liar to readers of The Revolution.
We cheerfully welcome this new and first
auxiliary to the field. It promises admirably.
May its labors and successes both be abundant.
Some of its members are already veterans in
the service, and can rejoice with us in the con-
fident hope that our labor in this cause is more
than half accomplished and that our full tri-
umph will not be very long delayed.
p. p.
Savage.Baicbakitv.Delaware should not be
included within the pale of.civilization. The pil-
lory and whipping post even, are not yet discard-
ed there. One day last week seven persons,
who had been convicted of various petty offenses,
were tied to the post and whipped naked in New
Castle. One was seventy years of age, and he
received twenty lashes on his bare back. Two
boys, about twelve years of age, were flogged
with twenty lashes each for petty offenses. One
man was placed in the pillory until he was to-
tally helpless from the cold, and was then
whipped with twenty lashes. Each of the crim-
inals, after receiving the barbarous punishment,
was returned to prison to remain six months,
then to wear convictsdress in public another
New Womans Rights Papeb.New journals
are already taking tbe field in womans behalf
and more are promised at New Years. But
decidedly the best as to appearence and promise
that has yet reached us is the Woman's Advocate
just issued at Dayton, Ohio. J. T. Belville, Pro-
prietor, and A. T. Boyer, Editor. Weekly, 1.50
per annum. It pulls off its coat at the outset,
man fashion, and evidently means business.
Though small in stature, it deals vigorous blows
and will assuredly be felt as a power in the
cause of woman wherever it goes. We most
heartily wish it a wide circulation, and every
way a grand and successful career.
The Revolution of Nov. 13th has an editorial
under the above caption. In which the followiug occurs :
We see that the productions of labor are unjustly distri-
buted ; some get a great deal too much, some barely
enough to support existence in the most meagre way
* * this condition of affaire is brought about by
bur laws in regard to money and the rate of interest.
Stewart, Astor, and Gerard were poor young men who
amassed wealth by hard and constant toil, indomitable
perseverance, and rigid economy ; and it Is conceded
that every able-bodied yonng man of ordinary capacity
who will strictly follow the roles of living wbioh they
followed, is sure of the necessaries of life and a full con'
petence in old age.
Is it not, then, more sensible to inoulcate energy, in-
dustry and frugality, and thus bring the masses up to
wealth, than to suppose that because the lazy vagabonds
and improvident poor, amass too little, others amass too
much, and that some legerdemain or legislation may
remedy all this ?
Daniel Webster lived bn charity and died a bankrupt,
and no possible legislation could have made him o.her-
wise financially.
Tbe improvident poor know tbe suffering produoed by
want. None but tbe founder of his own fortune, knows
that produced by rigid economy and unceasing self-
denial. A.
Tenafly, N. J.
'In summing up the means by whioh Stewart,
Astor and Gerard amassed their immense
wealth, our correspondent fails to add, a hard,
grinding selfishness that enabled them, by skill
and cunning, to take undue advantage of their
neighbors necessities, and overreach all who
bad dealings with them. The foundation of
Astors wealth was the taking of valuable furs
from the Indians for a mere song. There are
multitudes of men who are frugal, industrious,
persevering, and labor hard all their lives, who
never gain a competence, simply because they
are too honest to take advantage of every one
they meet. The immense fortunes of the few
are always made at the expense of the many
who perish in our garrets and cellars; and it is
only by a rare combination of fortunate circum-
stances, added to great cunning, selfishness and
skill, that any poor man becomes a millionaire.
Our correspondent seems to think that our pre-
sent system of political economy, finance and
trade is based ou laws as immutable as the solar
sye era, while we of The Revolution deem
it rotten to the core, in direct antagonism to
the wisdom, justice and beneficenoe that should
mark the relations of man with man.
Is it not by class legislation that we have our
present system of national banks, rates of in-
terest, and taxation ? our public lands in the
hands of speculators, who ho^ all that border
on the railroads, and crowd the farmers, the
creators of the wealth of a state, far away from
a market? Is it not by class legislation that
wealth is rapidly concentrating in the hands of
the few, and fast bringing our country to the
same condition that is undermining all the gov-
ernments in the old world ? The same causes
are at work here as there. Is it not by class
legislation that all the soil of England is owned
by 30,000 inhabitants ? are the remaining mil-
lions necessarily improvident, poor and lazy
vagabonds ? What mockery to tell any
young man in England that by economy, in-
dustry and self-denial he could own an estate
like the Marquis of Breadalbane who rides out
of his house a hundred miles to the sea on his
own property!, What is true of land is true of
all kinds of wealth. When the multitude suffer
that the few may shine, we know that great na-
tural laws are violated, though we may not be
able clearly to trace effects to their legitimate
causes. e. c. s.

What does the Worcester (Mass.) Spy mean
by such fine words as the following ?
We have now an opportunity to remove forever from
our politics this element of discord, to abolish all dis
tinctions fouoded upon raoe or color, and to establish
e the constitution.
This should be done, beoause it is right. The exclu-
sion of colored men from the ballot-box is indefensible
on any ground.
Does the Spy really believe that one-half the
population are to be forever disfranchised
on account of : ex? Will there be no element
of discord in our politics when all men vote
and all women are still under the curse of dis-
Irancliisoincnr ? Have Equal Eights and Uni-
versal Suffrage for ever to mean but half the
human race, in a republican, democratic and
Christian nation ? Is it right to bring
colored men to the polls and not right to
bring women there also ? Is it any more in-
defensible to exclude one class than the other?
The Spy adds:
We have now the requisite majority in Congress for
proposing such an amendment, and a sufficient number
of states have elected, or will elect, republican legisla-
tures to insure its ratification,
All that was as true last year and the year be-
fore as now, but it did not get done. Two
years ago, republicanism was almost pnanimous
in every state then in the Union, but not much
came of it. Now we are to wait and watch
again. But let not the Spy dream for a mo-
ment that there will be no element of dis-
cord in our politics, with fifteen millions of
women clamoring for their long withheld rights.
The Philadelphia Daily News probably ex-
' pccts to be believed in assertions like these :
Sensible men do not favor the notion of giving the
"right* to vote to women, for the simple reason (hat
they do not trunk that either women or men would gain
anything by itv The presumption that women would
make such use of the ballot as to remedy evils under
which many of the m suffer is not warranted by any faots
presented. It is well known that none of their sex have
proposed practical measures of legislation having this
object in view. If they did do so their propositions
would receive as much consideration as such things do
receive when presented by mon.
The editor of the News should read as well as
make newspapers. If he did he would have
known that since Mrs. Stanton, Mrs. Bose and
Miss Anthony began their work of reform in
this state, the legislation with respect to woman
has been wholly revolutionized. And their
good example has been followed, with more or
less of similar good success, by the women in
other states. Philadelphia needs light.
The News says: certain that many women are very poorly re-
warded for their work; but do those who clamor for the
ballot offer any Jeasible measures to improve their con-
dition ?
Let the editor come to New York and see ; or
let him read in The Revolution what the
Working Womens Association here is doing
under the lead of Miss Anthony and a few
others, who are instant day and night, and all
day and sometimes all night, in their labors'
every hour becoming more and more pressing,
as well as extensive ; letters coming in every
mail asking for counsel or for more mate-
rial aid, until The Revolution office has
become almost a working womans Exchange
thronged with not only the poor and forlorn,
but by the rich and wise and benevolent
who wish to oo-operate in the noble work.
If the Philadelphians have not similar opera-
tions there, it surely is not because there is no
need of them there.
The -A'eios says farther :
We sometimes bear it said that many women who are
married are In a more helpless condition tban those who
have remained single, and we shall not deny it; hut in
some measure women are to blame for tbis. If, instead
of holding conventions to discuss political questions,
they would go seriously to work to find how much they
might do to improve the manners and habits of men,
and how they may make homes happy, and the business
of husbands prosperous, by industry and economy, they
might do a great deal to improve their own position in
society, and to mend the morals of the rougher sex.
Another mistake. The women are here doing
that very thing, and holding conventions into
the bargain. But suppose our friend of the
News should suggest that the men also, in-
stead of holding conventions to discuss politi-
cal questions, should go seriously to work
to improve ikeir own manners and habits, anti
how they, too, may make home happy, and
mend their own morals!
There is much more in the article needing at-
tention and correction, but we must turn now
to other things. The News has many good ar-
ticles, abie ones, too. Indeed it is rarely so off
the true track as to-day.
no: ix.
The elections in Englandhave occurred. The
Liberals have a large majority, not less than a
hundred andfifty by report. At going to press
we are able to give, per cable, the names of the
following Woman Suffrage candidates who have
been either elected or defeated as
. The following, all Liberals, are returned :
Hou. George Denman, from Tiverton. The
ODonohue, from Tralee, Ireland. Geo. John
Shaw Lefevre, from Reading. Profl Henry
Fawcet, from Brighton. John Bright, Irom
Birmingham. John Francis Maguire, from
Cork City, Ireland. John Aloysius Blake, from
Waterford City.
The following Liberal is defeated : John Stu-
art Mill, from Westminister.
Tralee, Ireland, from which The ODonohue
is returned was once represented in Parliament
by Daniel OConnell, also an advocate of Wo-
mans Rights.
Sir George Bowyer has lately been appointed
by the Pope one of his chamberlains, for impor-
tant services rendered to the Roman Catholic
Church. We trust Sir George is returned.
The ancient borough of Tiverton, from which
we have said the Hon. Geo. Denman is returned,
was once represented by Lord Palmerston.
We a** very sorry to be forced to chronicle
the defeat of the leader of the Woman Suffrage
party in the last ParliamentJohn Stuart Mill;
but so it is. His defeat, say some, was caused
by forwarding a subscription to the eleotion
fund of a Mr. Bradlaugh running for Parlia-
ment in Northampton, who by the way is not
returned. He is a villifier of all forms of religion
and hence Mr. Mills defeat. We are more in-
clined to think his defeat resulted from his ac-
customed disinclination to bribe, while his op-
ponentW. H. Smithwho spent over $50,000
last election, has, no doubt, judging from the
result, done the .same this year, if not worse ;
and that the Bradlaugh affair is merely a cloak
to hide the vile corruption of local politicians
who bought up the new electors, mostly poor
men, to vote blindly against their own interests.
It is very unnatural to suppose the electors of
Westminster to be as prejudiced as old Sam
Johnson, who would not 6peak to a man, how-
ever distinguished and noble, if he associated
with an infidel. The cable announced on the
19th that if Mr. Gladstone is declared elected
from Southwest Lancashire, the Liberals will
run Mr. John Stuart Mill in Greenwich, where
he will be sure of an election ; but we fear Mr.
Mills seat is lost.
Fob the Court of St. Jjlmes.The Troy Times puts
forward George William Curtis as a fit person to repre-
sent the American people at the Court of H. James.
The Times thinks it is about time the country was repre.
sented by young Americansold fogyism has disgraced
the country long enough in the judgment of the Troy
paper. The Times becomes enthusiastic over Ur. Curtis,
and says : There is no blood in England that can pro-
duce xqore refined manners than those of this young
American gentleman ; there are lew better heads than
his in any country ; and there is no truer or better
This is what we call a first-rate notioe and Mr. Curtis
is entitled to it.
We agree with the Times, but we fear that
Horace Greeley is to be the man, as the Sun is
now pressing him for that office, and that enter-
prising journal generally accomplishes what-
ever it undertakes.
Alone and unaided it came very near lifting
the democratic party up to the sublime point
of making our Chief-Justice the President of
the United States. Our objection to Mr. Gree-
ley is not based on any distrust of capacity to
fill that office with ability, nor in any lack of
admiration on our part, for we consider him a
great and good man, but we fear he might
prove a wet blanket to the Womans Suffrage
movement now so popular in England. More-
over, he is 60 tenacious of the old idea of the
common law, that husbands and wives are one
and that one the husband, insisting that every
woman shall be called by the name of her hus-
band, that we fear he might shock ears polite
by speaking of Queen Victoria as Mrs. Albert-
Franz -August-Kart Emmanuel Laxe-Coburg-
Gofcha. ________________________
The Boston Convention.We have given it
what space we could this week. It should be
stated, however, that our indefatiguable agent,
Mrs. Kelsey, attended, and besides selling a large
number of copies of The Revolution and
procuring a goodly number of subscribers to it,
obtained also more than six hundred adult
names to our new Petition to Congress.
An Honest Confession.The editor of the
Morrison (Hi.) Reform Investigator says :
We commenced the publication of the Investigator,
not to help make or unmake a president; for that is tbe
business of politiciansit was comroenoedto represent
the interests of Labor ; and we designed to make it,
aside from what Is made a speciality in its columns, as
good a farmers paper as can beiurnished for the money
and trust we have succeeded.
Nobody has succeeded better ; and the farm-
ers of Rook River Valley are unworthy that
peerless region of country, if they do not give
the Investigator a most liberal support.
Wobking Womens Association.Its Consti-
tution, and the Proceedings of its meeting last
week, including list of officers and other matters,
will appear in our next.

The December number of Our School Day Visitor,
Daugliaday & Becker, publishers, Philadelphia, Pa.,
$1.25 a year, is before us, and Cull of good things for
boys and girls.
The Michigan University Magazine, Ann Arbor,
Micli., published by the students, contains very credit'
able articles. Vol. Ill begins with the October number.
The Massachusetts TeacherBoston : published
by the Massachusetts Teachers' Associationfor Novem'
ber contains an account of the meeting of the Slate Asso-
ciation and an excellent article on Physical Culture in
The Phrenological Journal for December contains
a great variety of interesting matter, illustrated and
otherwise, of which the following is a sample: Henri
Rochefort, editor of the Paris Lanterne ; Dr. Francis Wil-
liamson ; Frau Marie Simon and her work on the battle-
held ; Archbishop Manning, the English Roman Pri-
mate ; Rev. Dr. Stockton ; Phrenology in the School
Room ; The Body, what is its King; Earning a Wife ;
Notes on the Inhabitants of Brazil j Retrospection ; Do
as others do ; Fair Haven Harbor ; Miraculous Healing ;
An Ideal Chaldea; Religion and Nature ; The Mink ;
Progress in Co-operation ; A Reading solicited. A new
Volume, the 49th, commences with the next number.
Subscribe now. Terms, $3 a year, or 30 cents a num-
ber. Address S. R. Wells, 389 Broadway, New York.
The Friend, an Independent Monthly, published
at 131 William street, New York, 20 cents. The two
numbers before us contain articles of considerable in-
terest to casuistic or liberal-minded readers.
Putnams Monthly for December closes the first vol-
ume of the new issue of this deservedly popular magazine.
The number before us contains the concluding letter on
Womans Suffrage, filled with clear, comprehensive
Christian arguments in favor of the ballot for women.
We hope every young woman in the country will read
these letters carefully, and thoughtfully consider the
subject. Mr. Bloods article on tbe Alphabet of
Poetry" is exceedingly ingenious and will attract at-
tention from lovers of philoldgical research.
The True Grecian Bend, by Larry Leigh, is a veri-
fied history of the origin of this fashionable deformity.
J. S. Redfield, N. Y., publisher.
Peters Monthly Glee Hive, and Parlor Companion
ior Piano, Flute and Violin are two excellent publica-
tions of music. J. L. Peters, P. O. box 5429, New York.
$3 per year. v
Planchettes Diary. Edited by Kate Field. J. S.
Redfield, New York, is a very bright, chatty account of
the sayings and doings of the wonderful little board.
We do not pretend to decide whether mental, electric,
magnetic or odic forces influence this magician, but we
consider Miss Fields is fully justified by experience in
adopting for her motto: he who outside of pure mathe-
matics pronounces the word impossible, wants pru-
Packards Monthly for December rounds out the
year and its first volume in thehandsomestmanner, with
promise of various improvements in the future, which
it will doubtless redeem in spirit and letter. Young
men, to whom it primarily dedicates its services, should
appreciate its worth and overwhelm it with their patron-
age. They are the strength of the nation in important
senses, and should be its hope and glory. Packard's
Monthly is less in size and in price than most of the ma-
gazines ; but not less in power and purpose to benefit
aud bless. Only one dollar a year. 937 Broadway, New
Young America.This favorite juvenile periodical
e liters upon its third year enlarged and improved. Iti9
the most varied, and, in many respects, one of the best
of all the juveniles, and well repays the investment of
the small sum required for its possession. A diagram
coiairiiig a full-siz^d pattern for cutting out the body
of a Christmas doll is one of the attractions of the pre-
sent number, which is, otherwise, full of good things.
$1.5 j per annum, with a premium. 473 Broadway, N. Y.
A New Book.The papers announce a new book by
Rev. Crammond Kennedy, which will excite thought
and discussion among the Baptists. There are more
than a million of these in this country, who* with very

few exceptions, refuse to commune with any Christians
of a different order, on the ground that baptism is essen-
tial to the observance of the Lords .Supper, and that
only dipping is baptism. Mr. Kennedy pleads ior more
liberal practice. His plea is entitled Close Communion
or Open Communion ?an Experience and an Argu-
ment. The book will be published by the American
News Co. about the middle of December.
Kansas.The following is pait of a letter
from Kansas, and tells of one place, what is true
of many more:
The following named distinguished persons were
voted for in this city on the 3d inst.:
For PresidentElizabeth Cady Stanton.
For Vice-PresidentAnna E. Dickinson.
We hope the day is not far distant whoo women will
be nominated and elected to these high and honorable
positions. Many republicans are already advocating the
submission, this winter, of the constitutional amend-
ment striking out the word white from our State
A lady writes to the Bochester Chronicle a
wholesome letter on the dressing of little girls
to this effect:
Can any mortal man or woman estimate the mischief
that is done by our presentstyle of dressing girls?
Poor little miserable artificial curiosities that they ap.
pear I I am afraid some specimen gatherer will catch
some of them and bottle them up for preservation in
museums, to be gazed at when this generation shall
have passed away. Look at them in their contour as they
are seen on our streets in the light of a cold, windy,
shivering day. Heads in warm hoods, shawls or furs
muffled about their shoulders, belts tight around their
waists, short skirts thrown out from their bodies by
hoops, and then their drumstick legs clad in cotton
stockings that do not always meet their muslin drawers,
and their feet in shoes so thin that one step on the damp
ground will let the dampness through. If we, as a
people, were as hardy as tbe Scotch Highland soldiers,
and not accustomed to fire aud other luxuries in our
houses, it might do well enough to go with knees bare
in the wmter, but that does not happen to be the case.
.....Out upon such outrages, I say! And I say, too,
that the men of this age who are fathers need not arro-
gate to themselves superior sense so long as they canuot
see them, or seeing do not interfere to prevent t hem.
Well Deserved Honors.Her Boyal High-
ness the Princess of Wales has appointed
Messrs. Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine
Manufacturers to Her Boyal Highness, the
only honor of the kind ever conferred upon a
sewing machine houses-Express.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches lor the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite tbe attention of tbe readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfe'et time-keeper. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch," they
having the supervision of the manufacture ol the move-
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stook of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at tbeir counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in every respect warranted. Tbe Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting tbeir business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benediot
Brothers, up towe, 691 Broadway,
Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher is about to start a maga-
zine to be called Mothers at Home. An able corps of fe
male writers will contribute to its pages. It will be
handsomely printed, and each number will be embel-
lished with an illustration.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeCold, like our Cotton, LOR SALE.
Gi'eenbaclcs for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Prc ducts and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
(antic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of ike World. Wall Street emanci
patea from Bank of Enqland, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Oi'edil' Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep brigpi
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
- VOL. II.NO. 21.
(Concludedfrom last week.)
Capital now practically says to labor : I will
give you so ranch for your labor, and ii you do
not accept my terms, you may starve.
The reverse should be the rule. Labor should
say to capital: I will give you so much of my
labor for the loan or use of your capital, and
if you do not accept my terms, you may keep
your capital.
But so long as an aristocracy can keep the
capital of the nation concentrated in few hands
capital will control labor, and men may be com-
pelled to toil for a mere subsistence; the sur-
plus of their earnings over a subsistence being
absorbed by capital. Oq the other hand, iflabor
takes to itself all the surplus productions of
capital and labor combined, capital will be
absorbed by labor. There should therefore be a
standard of distribution ; capital and labor re-
ceiving their equitable proportions of the surplus
production. In the department of agriculture
the distribution is equitably arranged by the
capitalist and laborer between themselves, by
an agreement as to the standard of distribution.
After paying repairs and taxes of a well im-
proved farm, the laborer who has produced the
crops receives two-thirds of the net production
and the capitalist who owns the farm one-third.
Here is an equitable distribution agreed upon
by the parties, satisfactory and just to both.
But when we leave the department of agricul-
ture and embark in other pursuits, it is the rate
of interest established for the use of money
that must governand this is the standard of
distributionand it depends upon the rate of
Interest to be paid for non-production capital
whether or not a fair distribution has been
made. In other words, the rate of interest has
determined whether or not labor has received
an equitable proportion of the productions or
has been robbed by capital of the share that

equitably belonged to labor. If by wrong legis-
lation too high a rate of interest has been es-
tablished for money, capital may not labor and
leave the laborer without a remedy. How may
such robbery be prevented ? Can it be guarded
against by legislation ? This is a question that
has been considered by the National Labor
Congress, and discussed in their several meet-
ings until they came to a final decision on the
subject, which they promulgated in the resolu-
tions passed at a called session on the second
day of July, 1868, in the city of New York ; and
reaffirmed at their general annual meeting at
the same place, in September, 1868.
The conclusion that the National Labor Con-
gress came to on the subject of the financial
condition of the country may be briefly stated
as follows :
The Government owes a bonded debt, as
stated by Mr. Atkinson. $2,224,411,871.80 not
yet due, being 7 3-10 convertable into 5-20 and
10-40 bonds; $10,630,153.64 over due ; $414,-
165,054.51 due on demand ; Legal tender green
backs and fractional currency $2,648,207,079.95.
The legal tender notes do not bear interest
thus leaving the interest bearing debt $2,234,-
The interest on the bonded debt will av erage
to the tax payer in the money of trade 8-40 per
cent. ; this and the cost for collecting will amount
to two hundred millions of dollars annually.
Now, how is that money to be raised ? It must
be paid to the bondholders, and the govern-
ment has agreed to act as the bondholders
agent in collecting the interest. Two hundred
million dollars worth of the productions of
labor must be sold to raise money to pay the
interest. The bondholder is not taxed on the
bonds, he produces no part of the money paid
him by the government as interest unless he be
engaged in other pursuits or owns other property
than bonds, subject to taxation.
The estimate as nearly as we can approximate
to exactness is that six millions of the male
population of the United States perform ail the
labor. That is to say, by applying the labor of
six millions of the male population to the capi-
tal of the nation, the six millions are enabled to
produce sufficient for their own support and a
surplus sufficient to support the remainder of
the population. How support the remainder ?
Shall the laborer say to the non-producer, I will
pay you in labor for the use of your non-pro-
ductive capital a rate of rent that will enable
you to live as well as I do, then after having
performed a sufficient number of hours labor
to give you that support, I shall appropriate
the proceeds of whatever remaining hours I may
choose to myself. Or shall capital say to labor
you can work ten hours per day : six hours will
support you and support the remainder of the
population, but I will appropriate all of the
four hours to my own usethis surplus I will
coutrol. Now ti:e result as to adding to the
wealth of the State might be the same as if the
surplus was equitably divided between labor
and capital. But unless tho laborer is provided
for when he becomes no longer able to labor,
the result would be different in this, that capi-
tal had robbed the laborer during the time he
could have laid up out of his surplus earnings a
support for such a contingency. It is therefore
a wrong system of political economy that fixes
the minimum price of simple labor, or unedu-
cated labor at a standard that will not enable a
man and his wife by their joint labor to support
themselves and raise two children until they
are capable of earning a support, and besides
lay up sufficent for a support after they are no
longer able to labor. If the rate of wages is at
a lower standard, population will decrease. But
it often happens that the laborer has six or
eight children to raise ; if the standard of wages
will only enable him to support himself and
wife, and two children, the remainder must
perish, or he perish in his efforts to preserve
them. But the main question now is, can the
bonded debt be liquidated in a manner that will
relieve the laborer from payment of the annual
interest without doing injustice to the bond-
holder. It is admitted on all hands that it is
the laborer who pays the interest.
It will not be denied that if the government
could by any legitimate means procure a suffi-
cient amount of gold delivered at the mint, the
same could be coined into money and with that
money the bonds could be paid, this would stop
the interest. But the government cannot ob-
tain that material to make into money at a less
cost than the amount of the bonded debt. In
other words, in order to preserve that amount of
gold the government would be obliged to tax
the labor of the country to the amount of the
And this narrows the question down to this
Has Congress the power to declare that any
other material than gold or silver may be used
in making lawful money ? I have heretofore
stated what the constitution declares, that the
Congress shall have power to coin money, or
regulate the value thereof. But the constitu-
tion does not state of what material money shall
be coined.
We therefore find that Congress has ordered
money to be made of five different substances,
to wit: gold, silver, nickel, copper and paper.
Lawful money has been made by laws of Con-
gress, and those five different substances used.
If we examine the gold money, we find coined or
stamped on a piece of gold the figure of an
Eagle, and around it these words, the United
States of America. 10 dollars. On the other
side the word Liberty. Upon silver the same
figure ahd words are stamped : The United
Slates of America. One dollar. Upon copper is
stamped the United States of America. One
cent. On nickel is the same stamp, five cents.
Paper is printed or stamped with a die in the
same manner as on metal, but tbe expression dif-
fer in" this. On paper are these words, The
United States promise to pay one dollar or 100
dollars. This implies that some other kind of
dollar is to be exchanged at the necessary depart-
ment for the paper dollar. But that is not so.
The paper dollar is lawful money, is a legal tender
and represents the same value as the dollar made
silver, or the five cents on nickel. Now the
same power that stamped on paper the words
promise to pay could leave those words off
as on the metal dollar. If the figure of the
Eagle and the words The United States of
America on one side and Libertyon tbe
other, put on pieces of metal by authority of a
law of Congress, constitute such pieces of
metal money, which were not money before that
power was imparted to it by law, cant the same
words and figures, by the same authority, be
stamped on paper or any other convenient ma-
terial, thereby imparting to such material all
the properties and powers of money that have
been given to pieces of metalto wit : power
to represent Value, power to measure Value, power
to accumulate Value by interest, and power to ex-
change Value.** The material of money is a le-
galized agent employed to express these powers
and render them available in trade.0 It was I
the -money Congress had made which was col-
lected and concentrated in the hands of indi-
viduals who loaned it back to the government,
mostly in paper money, and took the govern-
ments promises to pay at a discount, averag-
ing 40 per cent. One promise to pay not bear-
ing interest was exchanged for another promise
to pay that does bear interest. Now, when the
government ascertained that there was not
money enough in the country to save the life of
the nation, it would have been proper to have
made a sufficient quantity of lawful money by
stamping on paper or any other material the
same figures, devices and words that are put on
gold, silver, nickel and copper to make those
substances lawful money. If the properties of
money had been lawfully imparted to paper so
as to constitute it money, not promises to pay?
no redeeming clause expressed or intimated. It'
such a policy had been pursued there would be
no national debt now, and one half of the amount
that has been issued on promises to pay, would
have answered if it had been issued as money.
But we say it is not too late to correct the mis-
take that has been made. When the bonds are
redeemable let the government notify the hold-
er to call and receive the money ; at the same
time notify him that the government will no
longer act as his agent in collecting by taxation,
interest. He may hold the bond if he will, but
interest must stop after a tender has been made.
Now, what right has the bondholder to com-
plain ? Clearly the government has the right to
pay the bond if it choose to do so, and by what
authority can the bondholders decide what is
lawful money ? When the government says to
the bondholder, we promised to pay you in lawful
money, here it is. Here is lawful money, some
of it is made of gold, some of silver, some of
copper and nickel and "some of paper, all pos-
sessing the same legal power, all shall have the
same power to pay a judgment, to pay for the
public lands; all is alike receivable for debt due
the government. Can the bondholder complain,
if there is not gold enough, that he is paid in
paper money, his bond is written on paper that
has no intrinsic value, yet it is a mortgage on
all the property of the nation. But the paper
money is a better mortgage, because, it being a
mortgage on all the property of the government,
it is also a mortgage on all the property, public
and private, in the nation that is for sale, and the
holder of the money can have the title of any
property in the nation that is for sale transferred
to him. If A holds ten thousand dollars of law-
ful money and contracts with B to purchase Bs
farm for ten thousand dollars to be paid in lawful
money, under such a contract B will not be per-
mitted to decide what kind of money is.dawful.
* We like to keep it steadily in mind that after paper
money has been made a legal representative of real value
it is impossible to regulate tbe rate of interest witbou t
a means being always provided for funding witb an in-
terest-bearing obligation any surplus tbat may exist. As
we bave said, money has tbe practical offices of pur-
chasing property and being lent on interest, turd so long
as it can fulfil either of these Junctions it must continue
good. The provision by tbe government of interest-
bearing bonds, always ready to absorb any redundancy
of tbe circulating medium, will maintain tbe money,
however abundant it may be, in tbe performance of its
offices, and prevent a depreciation of its value. It is es -
sential tbat money should be convertible, or we might'
say redeemable, but it is not essential tbat it should be
convertible into gold or any other specific commodity ;
all that is indispensable is that somebody shall always
be ready to sell property lor it or to borrow it and pay
interest. Tbe money of civilized nations is in every
form a credit, and it must be so instituted as to com-
mand confidence in order to have a purchasing power,
Ed, Rev,

If he refuse to take that which Congress has de-
clared to be lawful money, a court will decree the
title to the former oufrof B and vest it in A. B
would not, however, he obligsdfcn accept a gov-
ernment bond inpayment. Moreover, thebond-
holder has no cause for complaint if the gov-
ernment refuses longer to act as his agent in col-
lecting interest. He can loan his money and he
his own agent or employ one, or he can invest
it in useful purposes.
This will be the effect of the Cary bill, should
it become the law governing our monetary sys-
tem and in liquidating the national debt. I say
it would be the effect to the bondholder. But
the effect on the laboring and producing classes
would be. incalculably greater. It would give
the people as much money as they need. The
talk about inflating the currency, making too
much money, betrays a degree of ignorance
which proves that the persons who so talk have
never understood the subject. The govern-
ment will not pay money except to those who
have earned it, and it can nowhere be bad with-
out giving value for it. If all the money in the
country is Icnqful money, and so secured that it
can never fail to be lawful money, how can harm
result to any one from having even more money
than he can use? He must get it honestly and
for value exchanged for it. It never can spoil on
his hands, and if he can And no better use for
it, he can, under the Cary hill, put it into a bond
bearing interest, with the privilege of taking it
out again whenever he pleases.
It appears to me that unless our monetary
system can be changed, our republic will become
an aristocracy. A change can only be brought
about by educating the masses, and this must
devolve on the National Labor Congress. The
whole subject is fully mastered now, and all
that is wanting is to pash it vigorously. The
positions taken by the Labor Congress are im-
pregnable, they cannot be controverted. But
it will take time and work to get the masses to
comprehend the situation and to know the pow-
er that is in their hands.
There is a tendency now everywhere to adopt
the Co-operative Labor System and if the Fi-
nancial question was on the proper basis, co-op-
erative labor would go into operation as a conse-
quence without any legislation. There is a
splendid illustration of the Co-operative Sys-
tem in the Pennsylvania Central Railroad, it
was built on that principle.
Our United States Senator John B. Hender-
son let slip a few days ago what everybody knew
before, but nobody expected any Senator be-
longing to his party would admit. He said,
the b 'fidholder runs CongressIf the funding
bill that was slipped through Congress on the
last day of the session, I believe, but not signed
by the President, becomes a law, then the bond-
holder will not OTily run Congress but run every
ther department of the government and of
trade and commerce, by concentrating the
control of all the money of the nation into few
hands and continuing to have a mixed currency.
Issue lawful money, so declared by law, but the
amount of lawful money limited by law, to the
quantity of gold coin in circulation, this will ena-
ble the bankers who hold bonds to keep so wide
a margin between gold and the money of trade
as to afford them a living, forced by a law of Con-
gress, out of the labor of the producing classes.
This is what the bondholder and the bankers
see, and what our Congressmen do not see.
When a man has amassed wealth so as to give
him power that by the use of his wealth he can
do what he pleases, he will be sure, unless his
philosophy is sound, that is to say, all his ac-
tions radiating from a sound stand point, an.d
converging back to that centre, to become
arrogant, overbearing, dictatorial and tyranical;
he will assume to be wiser than any one else
who possesses less of this worlds goods than
himself. Such a person or a combination of a
few such persons possessing the power of wealth
can control society as they please, can, to a great
extent, compel those depending on their whims
for a support, to become their vassals. Such a
man is lost according to the teachings of the,
Gospel. God sometimes, we are informed, takes
pity on such a person and rescues him, restores
him to himself and for an example to soci-
ety. How does God rescue such a per-
son? He lays his hand upon him, strikes
him down with sickness ahd;destroys or takes
away his property, gives him time for reflection
and to see himself, by that means he is rescued
and becomes a man again. The remedy is often
like the knife of the surgeon, painfully keen
and severe, but sure to heal. Now, it appears
to me that our system of legislation in regard to
money is unsound and that nothing bnt the sur-
geons knife can alter it by outting out the dis-
ease. How is this to be done? The bondholder
runs Congress. Who shall run the bond holder ?
is now the question to be met The ballot must
decide. But the bondholder runs the ballot,
without the masses appearing to know it. Who
is to educate the masses to a correct understand-
ing of their true interests? Such men as Ed-
ward Atkinson may do it, but he must argue
from a different stand point than that he has
assumed in his pamphlei. If he will study the
question from sound premises, he appears to have
ability enough to come to correct conclusions,
but he never can build a good houuse on a bad
foundation. If lie will turn m and assist the
National Labor Congress in the work they have
begun, he may, with his seeming sprightly intel-
lect, do much good, but I hope h9 will cease to
recommend his fallacies as set forth in his pam-
phlet. Jno. Magwibe.
St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 30, 1868.
Tee First Mortgage Seven per Cent. Sinking
Fund Bonds of the Rockford, Bock Island and
St. Louis Railroad Company, pay both Princi-
pal and Interest in GOLD COIN, Fhee op Gov-
Each Bond is for $1,000 or $2,000 Sterling, and
is convertible into stock at the option of the
holder. The ooupons are payable Feb. 1st and
Aug. 1st, in New Fork or London, at the option
of the holder.
The Road runs'from Rockford in Northern
Illinois to St. Louis, a distance including tracks
to Coal Mines, etc., of about 4C0 miles, and
traverses the finest district of Illinois.
The Bonds' have 50 years to run, and are a
lien of $21,000 per mile upon the Companys
railroad franchises, in ooal-landsof which it
has 20,000 acres containing A HUNDRED MIL-
LION TONS OF COALits rolling stock, and
property of every sort.
A subscription of $8,800,000, at par, to the
Capital Stock of the Company, furnishes a large
part of the means required to construct and
equip the road.
Nearly half the entire length of the road is
graded and substantially ready for the iron ;
the rails are now arriving upon the line. The
first division, giving an outlet to the coal, will
he in operation in 60 days, and track-laying will
from this time be prosecuted with the utmost
energy till the last rail is in position. The Com-
pany intend to have the road in readiness for
the Autumn business of 1869.
The Bonds are for sale at 97& and accrued in-
terest in currency, and maybe obtained through
bankers and brokers throughout the country, or
at the office of the Company, 12 Wall Street,
New York.
The trustees for the Bondholders is the Union
Trust Company of New York.-
Pamphlets giving full information sent on ap-
3. H. BOODY, Treasurer.
al the dose of the week was easy, loans being made on
governments at 4 to 6 per cent, and on other collaterals
at 5 to 6 per cent. The weekly bank statement is con-
sidered favorable. The legal tenders are increased the
large amount oi $12,133,251, and deposits $8,959,751.
The loans are increased $2,971,524, and the specie $V
178,145, adding +o their legal reserved this week $13,-
311,396 in legal tenders and specie.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
Nov. 14. Nov. 21. Differences
Loans, $249,119,589 $251,091,063 Inc. $2,971,624
Specie, 16,155,008 17,333,153 lac. 1,178.145
Circulation, 34,240,584 34,195,068 Dec. 64.496
Deposits, 175,150,589 184,110,840 Inc. 8,959,761
Legal-tenders, 61,403,6*8 ' 63,599,944 Inc. 12,133,261
was irregular during the week, and weaker ot ihe.olose.
The fluctuations'in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Monday, 16, 135% 137 185% 136%
Tuesday, 17, 136% 136% 134% 134%
Wednesday, 18, 134% 135% 133% 136%
Thursday, 19, 131% 135 134% 134%
Friday, 20. 134% 186 134% 134%
Saturday, 21, 134% 134% 134% 134%
was steady at the close, prime bankers 60 days sterling
bills were quoted 109% to 109%, and sight 109% to 110%.
Francs on Paris bankers long 6.17% to 6.16%_and short
6.16 to 6.13%.
was excited and irrogular in the early part of the week,
owing to the clique operations in Erie, but the general
market improved and was steady at the close upon the
publication of tho bank statement.
Musgrave & Co., 19 Broad street, report the following
Cumberland 40 to 40% ; W., F. & Co., 26% to 27;
American, 41% to 42; Adams, 47% to 47% ; U. States, 44
to 45 ; Merchants Union, 19 to 19% ; Quicksilver, 23%
to 24; Canton, 48 to 48% ; Pacific Mail, 115% to 116 ; W.
tf. Tel., 86% to 86% ; N. Y. Central, 124 to 124% ; Erie,
40% to 41 ; do. preferred, 68 to 66; Hudson Biver,
128 to 128%; Beading, 99 to to 99%; "Wabash, 67
to 68 ; Mil. & St. P. 65% to 65%; do. preferred.
84% to 84%; Fort Wayne, 109% to 109%; Ohio
& Miss., 30% to 81; Mich. Central, 117 to 119; Micb.
South, 83% to 89; 111. Central, 141 .to 144 ; Pitts-
burg, 87% to 87% ; Toledo, 100% to 101; Bock Island,
1U0% to 107 ; North West, 85% to 85%; do. preferred. 87%
to 88; B. W. Power, 14 to 16 : B., H. & Erie, 27 to 28;
Atlantic Mail, 20 to 26; Bkrs & B. As., 105 to 106;
Mariposa, 6 to 7 ; do. preferred, 21 to 22.
were dull and irregular in the early part of the week
but more active towards the close than for some time
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
Rag. 1881,112% to 112%; Coupon, 1881, 113% to
113% ; Reg. 6-20, 1862, 106 to 106% ; Coupon, 6-20
1862, 108% to 103% ; Coupon, 6-23, 1864,106% to 106%;.
Coupon, 6-20, 1865, 106% to 106% ; Coupon, 5-20, 1865;
Jan. and July, 109% to 109%; Coupon, 6-20, 1807,
09% to 109%; Coupon, 5 -20, 1868, 109% to 110;

Coupon, 10-40, Reg., 103% to 103% ; 10-40 Coupon, 104%
<0104% ; Paoific, 98% to 99.
for tbeweekwere $l,8il,000in gold against $1,713,000,
$1,977,000 and $2,084,097 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of'merchandise for the week were $3,657,355
in gold against $3,694,524, $3,363,311, and $3,611,663 for
the preceding, weeks. The exports, exclnsiye of .specie,
were $3,775,896, in currency against $2,943,196, $3,121,-
997, and $3,339,694 for the preceding weeks, Thehx-.
ports: of specie were $22,loO against $262,050, $264,829,
and $1,071,407 for the' preceding weeks.
Da. B. Pebby, Dermatologist, No. 49 Bond
street, N. Y., treats with special Prescriptions,
Falling, Loss and Prematurely Gray Hair, Dan-
draff, Itching, Eczema, Ringworm, Scald Heads,
end all diseases of the scalp which destroy the
hair. The doctor permanently cures (by per-
sonal attention) Moles and Wens without cut-
ting, pain or scars. Also Comedones (black
worms or grubs), Moth Patches, Freckles, Un-
natural Bed Noses, Pimpley Faces, and all cu-
taneous eruptions and scaley disquamations
upon the face or other parts of the body.
No charge for consultation.
Send for interrogatory circular.
Great National Weekly for Country, Suburban
end Town .Residents, will commence its Twentieth Year
and Volume Jan. 2, 1869, when it will be published on a
Mammoth -Sheet, comprising Sixteen Large Double-
Quarto Pages of Fire Columns Each, and also Greatly
improved in both Content* and Appearance. This will
make the Paper about Double its Fobmeb Size, witk no
increase in Price. I Its ample pages will embrace Depart-
ments be devoted to or treating upon
Rural Architecture,
Sheep Husbandry,
Grazing, Breeding,
Dairy Farming,
Poultry, Bees, -
Landscape Gardening,
Science and Art,
New Inventions,
Domestic Economy,
Natural History,
Travels,- Topography,
General Intelligence,
News, Commerce,
The Markets, etc., etc.
With Illustrations, Music, Poetby, etc.
Vol. XX, for 1869, will excel in all tbe essentials of a
Progressive, Timely and useful Bubal, Litebaby and
Family Newspaper ; and, more than ever before, mani-
fest the true spirit of its Motto, Exeelsior," and Ob-
jects, Progress and Improvement "mailing the
-With Offices in New York City and Rochesterthe
great Business and Commercial vetropolis, and the Heart
of a famed Rural Districtthe Bubal possesses un-
equalled facilities for accomplishing its object.
The Bubal is not a monthly ot only twelve issues a
year, but a I*rge and Beautiful Weekly of 52 numbers 1
Whether located in Country, Village or City, You,
Your Family, and Neighbors, Want the Rural, tor it
is superior in Value, Pubixy and Variety of Contents,
and Adapted to the Want* of All.
Both People and Press pronounce the Bubal the Beet
Paper in its Sphere. Try it and see.
TermsSingle copy,-$3 a year ; Five Copies, $14;
Seven for $19 ; Ten for $25, etc. Now is the Time to
Subsosibe and tobm Clubs l Liberal inducements to
Local Club Agents. Specimens, Show Bills, etc., sent
free. P- O* Money Orders, Drafts and Registered Letters
at our risk.
Address D. D. T. MOORE,
. 41 Park Row, New York.
Hon. D. T. Moobe. late Mayor of Rochester, and the
popular Editor of the Bubal New Yobker, the largest
circulated and one of the best Agricultural weeklies iu
this oountry, has opened an office at 41 Park Row, and
put out the handsomest sign on the block.N. Y. Even-
ing Mail.
Moose's Rural is full of variety, original and select.
We coulees to a surprise at the variety and richness of
its eontents bountifully illustrated as it is. No paper on
our list comes so near our ideas of perfection, for a secu-
lar family paper. It maintains a high moral standard.
New York Observer.
Without exception, the best Agricultural and Family
Newspaper. Mr. Moore lately received a $1,000 draft for
one club of New subscribers.Minnesota Statesman,
An excellent and deservedly popular weekly. It is
rich in contents, bouDtUully illustrated, and complete in
all respectsNew Orleans Picayune.
Moore's Rural opens rioh, like a honey-comb, having
sweets id every cell.New England Farmer.
The communist
- Published m the Reunion Community,
npw successfully established in Southwest Missouri
advocates common property, co-operative labor and
unitary homes. Fifty cents per year. Specimen copies
seat free. Address
" 816 Chestnut street, St. Louis, Mo,
jg E N E P I C TS
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Sole Agents for the Bemontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches. Very low
price. Send for price list
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-,
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and hi order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at .the following
prices : 4 grades, $129, $180, t$240, $800, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
' Every Novelty of Style and. Material.
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
Boys and Youths* Suits and Overcoats.
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods, j
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us; with tbe oertainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules andPrice Li-:t mailed tree on application.
FREEMAN A BURR'S Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y.
ill N. Y., Translator of German into English. Es-
says, books, advertisements translated accurately.
Add ess as above.
Rich and racy Reading ; scienti-
tains Henri Rochefort, Editor of the Paris Lantern; Dr.
F. Williamson; Frau Marie Simon, her work battle-field ; Archbishop Manning ; Rev. Dr. Stockton;
Phrenology in the' School-room ; the Human Body;
Earning a Wife; Inhabitants of Brazil; Do as others
do ; Miraouloua Healing ; Religion and Nature ; Pro-
gress in Co-operation ; The Mink. The 49th Volume
commences next number. Terms, $8 a year. Newsmen
have it. Address 6. R. WELLS, No, 889 Broadway, New
York. ........ . 21-2
To be edited by
with the .aid of the mogt desirable womanly talents, as
the successive Issues will show.
To bo published monthly. Size, 82 pages, 8vo. Price,
$1.50 per annupi in advance.
The first number, dated January, 1869, will be issued
early in December.
Full Prospectus is now ready for circulation.
HOSFORD A SONS, Publishers,
67 William street.
The state league,, a political
* Temperance Journal18th Volume$2 per year,
leas to'Clubs. Forty columns, eight pages. Every
father should provide his boys with this radical sheet.
Clubs desired. Write us.
Syracuse, N. Y.
Mrs. j. b. jones, m.d., physician,
Surgeon., and Accoucheur, .186 Newark Avenue,
Jersey Oily, Office hours, from 0 to 10 a.m. and 7 to 9
p.m. _ ....
Special attention to female diseases, 21 ly
The means provided for construction are ample, and
there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Company's stbst mobtgaoe
bonds, payable, pbinozpal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
and have thirty years to ran before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at (he COM-
PANYS OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 69 Wall street, and by the
Company's Advertised Agents throughout tiie United
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868. showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Company's Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
^HAT answer?
1 VOL....16MO....PB1CE, $1.60.
The book is a solemn, earnest, thrilling, enthusiastic
appeal, in which a noble wem^n, herself at ease, blessed
with flattering friends, with applause, with admiration,
takes all in her hand, and risks all in pleading the cause
of the poorest, the most maligned and scorned of God's
creatures. In the form, of a story she makes a most
condensed, earnest, and powerful appeal to the heart
and conscience of this American nation on the sin of
What gives this story its awful power is its truth.
Habuiet Bsecbeb Stowe.
I wish that every person of maturity throughout the
length and breadth of the land may read it. Many of
the most remarkable incidents of the war of the rebel-
lion are woven together by the thread of an interesting
story, told in a dashing, spirited style. Some defects it
has ; but, in comparison with Its merits, they are too
unimportant to dwell upon.Lydia Mabia Child.
I have read far enough to be greatly interested in it,
and to wish that a copy were in the hand of every voter.
God bless Anna Dickinson for this beautiful and effective
' testimony against the infernal spirit of caste I Gebbit
It is full of genuine feeling eloquently expressed,
and is pervaded by a sublime sympathy with tbe op-
pressed and by a high and beneficent purpose. We are
made to feel, in reading the book, tbat it Is the work of
a brave woman, one who has broken away from tbe dull
and beaten path of prejudice and of conventional usage,
and has the courage to follow withersoever the truth
may lead."Fbedebiok Douglass.
*** For sale by all booksellers. Sent post paid on re-
ceipt of price, by the Publishers,
18 4 and 68 Bleecker street, N. T.
The Bruen Cloth Plate enables the Wheeler A Wilson
Machine to make three different stitches, and to Em-
broider beautifully. It will make a stich that can be
raveled, or one that cannot be raveled, &b may be re-
quired. It will make a plain stich that is ornamental.
It will sew from two ordinary spools of cotton or silk,
without rewinding or filling bobbins.
k569 Broadway, New York,
J^Lady Agents Wanted,


In New York, Oct 26,1867,J
291 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
This Company does net present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. But lor every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed for his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
' ANCE. :
No. 231 Broadway, New York,
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow lrom Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we knos;
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the*lowe$t, and our responsibility un-
Send for Circulars and Tables.
It treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Woman's Rights andFree-
Divorce as candidly as Hepwortb)ixon or Barton.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed fall of thoughts.
Affords volumes of suggestions.Banner of Light
One oi the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued. Bold sometimes brilliant.Phil a. City Item.
Large 8 vo. 76 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York ; A. Winch, Phila.; N. E. News Co., Boston.
[Se advertisement Oct 8.1 16 17
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets, Cin-
cinnati, o..
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Charts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list
Instiuction given at the class-room or by mail in the
newest, briefest easiest, and most complete method cf
Phonographio Reporting. Terms, $10 for a lull course
of 12 lessons. Instruction-books furnished free to
pupils. 16 18
BathiDg, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, fo r
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
Its Directors are among the first men tor character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors ar^ all personally interested in its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
cable sense.
Its assured are not confined to certain degress of long-
titude, but are free to travel and reside where they
its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
tained annually, and DIVIDED to its members in exaot
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to paymore than two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to be paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
lessly. -
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rcb its members by dis-
honest claims, or blac'rmaillnglpretences.
. For further reason?, see Pamphlet and.Circular, which
will be sent by mail tc any address if requested.
officers: .
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
Metropolitan sayings bank.
New Marble Five-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opposite Cooper Insti-
FROM $5 TO $5,,000.
One dollar received on deposit.
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
October, and moneye deposited on or before the 20th of
these mouths draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC, T. SMITH, President.
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
33 Beekmau St top floor
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President.
EDW. A. STANSRURY, Secretary.
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Ass't. Pec'y.
stf.wart l. wuodford, counsel.
f. W.- } laical Examiners.
At office daily from >2 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and solicitors wanted.
general agents.
Dr. John Turner, 725 Tremont street, Boston.
Reynell & Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wightman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, lorfour Western
Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
Notary Public, New York.
P. .0., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase .and sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reacting, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon YaLey Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
Wernersville, Berks Co.. Pa.
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphic Work and-Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin the Second
Monday in November and end about the first of March.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
the able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
useful physicians.
For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 195 Erie at., Cleveland, O. '
20 North William street,
18-3 y New York.
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
Women, will begin their Sixth Aunual Term of
twenty weeks, at their new College in Twelfth sreet, cor-
ner o! Second avenue, the first Monday in November
For Announcements, giving full particulars, address,
with stamps, the Dean, Mrs. C. S. LOZIER, M. D., or
the Secretary, Mis. C. F. WELLS, Box 730, N. Y.
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
ENEDICTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landing t
City Map sent by mail, 26 cents.
691 Broadway, N. Y.