PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS,MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS,
VOL. n.NO. 22. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1868. WHOLE NO. 48.
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REBECCA; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement."
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PETITION FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE.
[Every person receiving a copy of this petition is
earnestly desired to put it in immediate and thorough
circulation for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Womans Suffrage Association of America,
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.]
To the Senate and Haase of Representatives, in
The undersigned citizens of the State of--
earnestly but respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
NAMES. | . NAMES.
RON. HENRY WILSON.
Wb publish in another column an abstract of
Henry Wilson's speeches on Womans Suf-
frage before the Boston Convention on the
18th and 19th of November. His presence and
speeches there were characteristically politic
After carefully adjusting his Senatorial armor,
so that by the glitter of his steel panoply all the
world could see that he stood out in bold relief
from the humble men and women whom he
honored with his presence on that occasion;
with whom he wished to be in no way identi-
fied coming there, simply to learn what lay in
the minds of his constituents ; he skillfully and
cautiously raised his vizor just enough to reveal
a benignant smile, thus to let the women of
New England know that his heart beat in uni-
son with theirs and that his battle-axe, now
dealing such mighty blows for black male human
nature, should be as skillfully wielded for Wo-
mans Rights as soon as that question should be
so popular that there would be no need of his
In opening, he said :
1 believe that God made us and Christ died for us (W6
suppose he meant women as well as men), and that we
are placed in this world as a preparation for a higher and
better state, and that every human being on earth should
have equal rights and privileges, and I should be ashamed
to possess or exercise a right that I would not confer on
every son and daughter of Adam.
After this beautiful and magnanimous exor-
dium the Honorable Senator boastingly an-
nounces that he had the courage "to vote Wo-
mans Suffrage down in the Senate and should
do so again, though it is some palliation to
know that he was ashamed of his action.
Now inasmuch as the Hon. gentleman declares
that equality is the law under Gods govern-
ment, is it not his duty to base human legislation
on that grand idea, and thus make earth as near
like heaven as possible ?
If Mr. Wilson, with his eyes wide open to
the religious and political necessity of equality
among all the sons and daughters of Adam,
deliberately votes it down in the Senate of the
United States, his action in this world cannot
be said to be a very good preparation for that
higher and better state to 'which he so solemn-
As the Senator confesses that he has thus far,
like Socrates, learned wisdom at the feet of wo-
man, that he owes a debt of gratitude to Lydia
Maria Child and Lucy Stone for his present
clear views on human rights, seeing that with all
his worldly greatness, he has ever held himself in
a docile, teachable frame of mind, we appeal to
the thoughtful women of New England that
they now promptly finish the Senators educa-
tion, for so long as he thus publicly stultifies his
own declarations, it is rather an equivocal com-
pliment to our sex, that his teachers in ethics
have been women.
We have noticed that ever since Spurzheim,
Gall, Combe, Walker, Fowler and Wells an-
nounced to the world that sons were like their
mothers, and Buckle, Spencer and Mill have
testified to the civilizing, elevating and purify-
ing influence of women, that men of the most
vacillating principles haVe been wont to boast
of being moulded and guided in their political,
religious and social opimons, by their mothers
or the best women of their day. Now, we think
public men should have a very honest and hon-
orable record, before they throw the responsi-
bility of their education on women.
But as what Mr. Wilson says of himself may
be true of all our Senators and Congressmen,
we urge American women to turn their thoughts
at once to the study of science, philosophy,
political economy, jurisprudence, morals and
government, that they may not blush for their
sons in high places, and that their rulers may
be clearly taught that a nations life cannot be
secured by trick or legerdemain.
The Newtons of our day who should try to
make apples stand in the air, or men walk on .
their heads, would not be more puerile in their
experiments than are they who try to build a
nation on the inequaility of its citizens.
Inasmuch as Womans Suffrage in the Dis-
trict of Columbia, is to be voted up or down .
in Congress, Mr. Wilsons private views are of
no advantage to our cause so long as he publicly
declares he will vote adversely. He cunningly
tells the women of Massachusetts to press the
question in their Legislature. Why not in the
District where the negro question is settled?
and Mr. ~VI ilson could wield his influence to se
The Convention answered the Senators re-
commendation, by the following grand and com- ,
prehensive resolution, showing that they pro*.
pose nothing short of national reconstruction ...
on the broad basis of universal suffrage:
Resolved, That we invite the republican party to drop..;
its watchword of Manhood Suffrage and the.demo- .;
cratic party to abandon its motto of A White Man's Gov-v
eminent," and to unite in an amendment to the Consti-
tution of the United States extending the-suffrage faradl
men and women, as the inalienable birthright of every '
From this resolution it will appear that the
New England Convention .came up fully to our
highest idea of Citizen Suffrage-what the
Proprietor and Editors of The ^Revolution
have pressed lor the last four years and with
us have repudiated the narrow demand ot repub-
licans and abolitionists of Woman's Suffrage.
This has been the one point of difference be-
tween the radical friends of suffrage; some claim-
ing that the negro should go first into the polit-
ical kingdom, while we insisted that the hour
had come for the enfranchisement of all.
Of all kinds of aristocracy, that of sex is the
most hateful and unnatural, bringing discord as
it does to every hearthstone, from the palace to
the cabin, and putting those asunder whom
God hath joined together.
A generation of discord and agitation ; a four
years bloody war ; the sacrifice of a million of
brave men, and a national debt that shall be
visited upon our children to the third and fourth
generation is too great a price merely to extend
suffrage to 2,000,000 more men. England did
as much without a ripple on the surface of her
political affairs. The equal rights of all citi-
zens before the law is the only fitting recom-
pense for all the sufferings and sacrifices of the
But, as readers will see from Mr. Wilsons
speech, he believes in Woman's Suffrage, but
he thinks it is not the time to make the demand.
Time cne of the old arguments used by pol-
iticians from the beginning; and with all of
that class admirably served up by Sidney Smith
in his Noodles oratipn, which we recom-
mend to the Senator's prompt reconsideration.
Women must wait until the calling and election
of the negro are first made sure I The negro
man t we should have said, for the negro woman,
who drank the deepest, bitterest dregs of Amer-
ican slavery, is to have no hope or life in this
first resurrection, for republicans and abolition-
ists alike tell ns that emancipation without the
ballot is mockery.
e. c. s.
HON. HENRY WILSON IN 1EE BOSTON
From the New York World.
Mb. Pbesident, Ladies and Gentlemen : I need
not say to yon that I did not come here to-day to give
advice or instruction to this convention1 certainly do
not come here to take part in its deliberations, but for
more than thirty years I believed it a duty which I
owed to myself to attend the meetings held in this
State oi those who were advocating the cause of hu-
man rights. I am glad to sayand I say it gratefully
that I owe to those men, and to those women too, a debt
of gratitude. I do not come here to give my adhesion
to this movement, for more than a dozen years, had it
depended upon me, I would have given the suffrage to
the women of Massachusetts long since. (Cheers.) Some
years ago, sir, I was accustomed to listen to the advo-
cates of this oause when it was more unpopular than it
Is to-day. There is a noble lady in this hall who spoke
to us to-day, whose voice I was wont to hear grate-
fully in other daysI mean Miss Lucy Stone (oheers)
and in those days I made up my mind that if this mat-
ter depended upon me, 1 would yield to the mothers,
wives and daughters of this state what I claim ior my-
self. (Cheers.) I believe that God made us, and that
Christ died for us, and that we were placed in this
world as a preparation for a higher and better state
and that every human beiDg on e
rights and privileges ; and I should feel ashamed to pos-
sess or exercise a right that I would not confer on every
son and daughter of Adam. (Cheers.) Reference has
been made here to-day to a remark made by me in the
Senate oi the United States on this question.
HOW HE VOTED AGAINST THE WOMAN QUESTION.
When we were fighting under every disadvantage the
terrible battle of the rights oi the black men of the
South when we proposed to give to three-quarters of
s million of blacks the right o f suffrage, it was proposed
by a bitter enemy of their rights to couple this woman
question with that issue for the purpose of defeating it.
Many of our triends did not wish to be put in a false
position ; they were opposed to that amendment, but
they said they would vote for it, although they knew it
would not pass. I felt it my duty to have courage
enough to vote it down, and I will do it again. When,
ever it is thought to defeat human rights, by coupling it
with this or any other question, I will oppose it. I am
in favor of meeting tha question on its merits, and
fighting it out until every black man in the United
States has a right to vote, and a right to be voted for.
A gentleman, to-day, who has given his life to good
words and deeds (Mr. Sewall) has said that the evils re.
rerred to in this Convention ought to be brought before
the Legislature of this state, and the Legislature ought
to right those wrongs. I know no man better qualided
than that gentleman to go before the Legislature and
present the fruits of the arguments of to-day, and I have
the faith to believe that the fair-minded and just men of
this state will right those wrongs, and that others will
follow our example. It has been saidand said wisely
that the results recently attained in this country (and
in my judgment have settled and settled forever the
grand question of the equal rights and privileges of our
countrymen), is a noble opening for this oause. Let me
say to you that you have a great deal of work to do. Our
people have been engaged in the work of saving tbis
country, and of securing the rights of an emancipated
race. That cause has arrested all the thought and atten-
tion of the people. The great body of our countrymen
have never considered the great qu estion you have met
here to-day to discuss.
I was called out here yesterday to say a word to this
convention, and in doing so I referred to my action in
Congress on the subject which has been brought up here
a declaration made by me, in which I said that I should
vote against uniting to the question of negro suffrage
the suffrage of woman, because the first name was in-
troduced to defeat the other. That I did so and would
do so again. Now I wish to state distinctly the grounds
of my action ; the grounds which governed me then,
and which will govern me in the coming session of Con.
gress. This nation has been shaken to its profound
depths, during the last four years, with the struggle to.
secure to the black men of the United States civil and
political rights. Those who advocated the biack mans
cause have been compelled to struggle against previous
sentiment, opinions, passions, prejudices, and mighty
interests, and here to.day I express the opinion that
for advocating the cause of the black man, who was
emancipated, the republican party of the United States
have lost a quarter of a million of voters. It was their
duty to do it, and to give, not only to that race, but to
all the citizens of the United States, equal rights and
equal privileges. We have had during the past year a
terrific strugglethe most severe contest in the history
of the republic. No Presidential election in all our
history has been so severely and so bitterly contested as
tbis last Never has this Nation been called upon to
meet such mighty issues as have been settled in the
November election. And let me say to you here and
now that I believe the American people by their vote
have settled this question, that all tbe citizens of the
United States are to be equal in rights and in privileges.
(Applause.) We hold to-day twenty-six Legislatures ;
there are eight Legislatures against us : there are three
states that have not been reconstructedVirginia, Mis-
sissippi'and Texas. There are tbose among us who be-
lieve that we have the right under the Constitution to
secure suffrage to the black man in every part of the
country. Charles Sumner believes that. (Applause.)
Yet there are many of the able and wise and best men
of the country who do not believe itthat deny it. For
my part, under the fourteenth article of the amendments,
I have no hesitation to vote for a law that shall give to
the black man in every state the right to vote. (Ap.
plause.) But I feel that there is a large class of men
among us who do not recognize this authority ; and in
my judgment we shall have to submit an amendment to
the constitution of the United States securing this. I
believe we have twenty-six Legislatures, if that question
was submitted, who would vote for it. But we want
tpe Legislatures of twenty-eight States to carry it. With
twenty-six Legislatures already elected, most of whom
can have this question submitted to them, these, with
the three unreconstructed states can secure that author,
ity. My opinion is, that within the six or eight months
to come we can have the constitution of the United
States so amended that the right of suffrage will be se.
cured to these men all over the land. (Applause.) H-v-.
ing, therefore, nearly won the victory, having carried the
enemys defences, I don't want to imperil that cause by
uniting anything on earth with it. (Applause.) There is
no need of uniting anything else with it. That cause I be-
lieve will be achieved, will soon be out of the way, and will
open the way for the oause this convention has as.
sembled here to advocate. This being my opinion of this
cause, nothing on tills earth can prevent me from voting
to keep everything out of the way, until I have secured to
the black man the right to vote and the right to be voted
for. (Applause.) I will vote, as I said, in my place is
the Senate for thi6 cause whenever and wherever it shall
be presented, except it is interposed to checkmate or de*
leat action upon the negro question or imperil it. My
opinions, as I said yesterday, were made some years ago,
and perhaps to no woman in America do I owe so much
in making up my opinion as Miss Lucy Stone; just as
myaoti-slaveryopinions lowed to a noblewoman in
this State, one of the noblest champions of the cause,
Mrs. Child. I come here simply to say to the friends,
or to repeat what was said by Mr. Sumner when he ut-
tered the glorious truth that whenever the women of this
country ask for the right of suffrage it will be given.
We have no prejudices against our mothers, our wives
and our sisters. We have not to meet the prejudices we
had to meet when we fought the battles of tbe poor, de-
spised and hated black man. There are as many men in
Massachusetts who are ready to vote tbe ballot to women
as there are women to ask for it. Show to these men
that it is safe and best to give it to her, and 1 believe an
overwhelming majority of them will be found in favor
of it in a very brief space of time. Ask your LegJsla"
ture to submit a constitutional amendment to the people
of Massachusetts giving to the women of Massachusetts
the right to vote, and it will soon be granted. Let the
work go on everywhere, and a few years will bring forth
victory to your cause if it is right; and if it is wrong
this agitation on this subject will do no harm.
TEE RIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECBAFT1790.
ON NATIONAL EDUCATION.
After the age of nine, girls and boys, in-
tended for domestic employments, or mechani-
cal trades, ought to be removed to other schools,
and receive instruction, in some measure appro-
priated to the destination of each individual,
the two sexes being still together in the morn-
ing ; but in the afternoon, the girls should at-
tend a school, where plain work, mantua-mak-
ing, millinery, etc., would be their employment.
The young people of superior abilities, or for-
tune, might now be taught, in another school,
the dead and living languages, the elements of
science, and continue the study of history and
politics, on a more extensive scale, which would
not exclude polite literature. Girls and boys
still together ? I hear some readers ask. Yes.
And I should not fear any other consequence
than that some early attachment might take
place ; ^hich, whilst it had the best effect on
the moral character of the young people, might
not perfectly agree with the views of the pa*
rents, for it will be a long time, I fear, before the
world is so enlightened, that parents, only
anxious to render their children virtuous, will
let them choose companions for life themselves.
Besides, this would be a sure way to promote
early marriages, and from early marriages the
most salutary physical and moral effects natu-
rally flow. What a different character does a
married citizen assume from the selfish cox-
comb, who lives but for himself, and who is
often afraid to many lest he should not be able
to live in a certain style. Great emergencies
excepted, which would rarely occur in a society
of which equality was the basis, a man could
only be prepared to discharge the duties of pub-
lio life, by the habitual practice of those in-
ferior ones which form the man.
In this plan of education, the constitution of
boys would not be ruined by the early debauch
eries, which now make men so selfish, nor girls
rendered weak or vain, by indolence and frivo-
lous pursuits. But I presuppose that such
a degree of equality should be established be-
tween the sexes as would shut out gallantry and
coquetry, yet allow friendship and love to tem-
per the heart for the discharge of higher duties.
These would be schools of moralityand the
happiness of man, allowed to flow from the
pure springs of duty and affection, what ad-
vances might not the human mind make ? So-
ciety can only be happy and free in proportion
as it is virtuous ; but the present distinctions
established in society corrode all private and
blast all public virtue.
I have already inveighed against the custom of
confining girls to their needle, and shutting
them out from all political and civil employ-
ments ; for by thus narrowing their minds they
are rendered unfit to fulfil the peculiar duties
which nature has assigned them.
Only employed about the little incidents of
the day, they necessarily grow- up cunning.
My very soul has often sickened at observing
the sly tricks practiced by women to gain some
foolish thing on which their silly hearts were
set. Not allowed to dispose of money, or call
anything their own, they learn to turn the mar-
ket penny ; or, should a husband offend, by
staying from home, or give rise to some emo-
tions of jealousya new gown, or any pretty
bauble, smooths Junos angry brow.
But these littlenesses would not degrade their
character, if women were led to respect them-
selves ; if political and moral subjects were
opened to them ; and I will venture to affirm,
that this is the only way to make them properly
attentive to their domestic duties. An active
mind embraces the whole circle of its duties,
and finds time enough for all. It is not, I as-
sert, a bold attempt to emulate masculine vir-
tues ; it is not the enchantment of literary
pursuits, or the steady investigation of scientific
subjects, that leads women astray from duty.
No, it is indolence and vanitythe love of
pleasure and the love of sway, that will
reign paramount in an empty mind. I say
empty, emphatically, because the education
which women now receive scarcely deserves the
name. For the little knowledge they are led to
acquire during the important years of youth, is
merely relative to accomplishments, and ac-
complishments without a* bottom, for unless the
understanding be cultivated, superficial and
monotonous is every grace. Like the charms
of a made-up face, they only strike the senses
in a crowd \ but at home, wanting mind, they
want variety. The consequence is obvious ; in
gay scenes of dissipation we meet the artificial
mind and face, for those who fly from solitude
dread, next to solitude, the domestic circle ; not
having it in their power to amuse or interest,
they feel their own insignificance, or find
nothing to amuse or interest themselves.
Besides, what can be more indelicate than a
girls coming out in the fashionable world?
Which, in other words, is to bring to market a
marriageable miss, whose person is taken from
one publio place to another, richly caparisoned.
Yet, mixing in the giddy circle under restraint,
these butterflies long to flatter at large, for the
first affection of their souls is their own persons,
to which their attention has been called with the
most sedulous care, whilst they were preparing
for that period that decides their fate for life.
Instead of pursuing this idle routine, sighing
for tasteless show, and heartless state, with what
dignity would the youths of both sexes form at-
tachments in the schools that I have cursorily
pointed out; in which, as life advanced, danc-
ing, music, and drawing, might be admitted as
relaxations, for at these schools young people
of fortune ought to remain, more or less, till
they are of age. Those, who were designed
for particular professions, might attend, three
or four mornings in the week, the schools ap-
propriated for their immediate instruction.
I only drop these observations at present, as
hints, rather indeed as an outline of the plan I
mean than a digested one; but I must add, that
I highly approve of one regulation mentioned in
the pamphlet* already alluded to, that of mak-
ing the children, and youths independent of the
masters respecting punishments. They should
be tried by their peers, which would he an ad-
mirable method of fixing sound principles of
justice in the mind, atrd might have the hap-
piest effect on the temper, which is very early
soured or irritated by tyranny, till it becomes
peevishly cunning, or ferociously overbearing.
My imagination darts forward with benevo-
lent fervor to greet these amiable and respect-
able groups, in spite of the sneering of cold
hearts, who are at liberty to utter, with frigid
self-importance, the damning epithetromantic;
the force of which I shall endeavor to blunt by
repeating the words of an eloquent moralist.
I know not whether the allusions of a truly
humane heart, whose zeal renders everything
easy, is not preferable to that rough mid repuls-
ing reason, which always finds in indifference
for the public good, the first obstacle to what-
ever would promote it.
I know that libertines will also exclaim, that
woman would be unsexed by acquiring strength
of body and mind ; and that beauty, soft, be-
witching besutyl would no longer adorn the
daughters of men! I am of a very different
opinion, for I think, that, on the contrary, we
should then see dignified beauty, and true
grace ; to produce which, many powerful, phy-
sical and moral causes would concur. Not re-
laxed beauty, it is true, nor the graces of help-
lessness ; but such as appears to make us re-
spect the human body as a majestic pile, fit to
receive a noble inhabitant, in the relics of an-
I do not forget the popular opinion, that the
Grecian statues were not modelled after nature.
I mean, not according to the proportions of a
particular man; but that beautiful limbs and
features were selected from various bodies to
form an harmonious whole. This might, in
some degree, be true. The fine ideal picture of
an exalted imagination might be superior to the
materials which the painter found in nature,
and thus it might with propriety be termed
rather the model of mankind than of a man.
It was not, however, the mechanical selection
of limbs and features, but the ebullition of an
heated fancy that burst forth ; and the fine
senses and enlarged understanding of the artist
selected the solid matter, which he drew into
this glowing focus.
I observed that it was not mechanical, because
a whole was produceda mpdel cf that grand
simplicity, of those concurring energies, which
arrest our attention and command our rever-
ence. For only insipid, lifeless beauty is pro-
duced by a servile copy of even beautiful nature.
Yet, independent of these observations, I be-
lieve that the human form must have been far
more beautiful than it is at present, because ex-
treme indolence, barbarous ligatures, and many
causes, which forcibly aot on it, in our luxurious
* .Hie Bishop of Autun's,
state of society, did not retard its expansion, or
render it deformed. Exercise and cleanliness
appear to be not only the surest means of pre-
serving health, but of promoting beauty, the
physical causes only considered ; yet, this
is not sufficient; moral ones must occur, or
beauty will be merely of that rustic kind which
blooms on the innocent, wholesome counten-
ances of some country people, whose minds
have not been exercised. To render the person
perfect, physical and moral beauty ought to be
attained at the same time ; each lending and re-
ceiving force by the combination. Judgment
must reside on the brow, affection and fancy
beam in the eye, and humanity curve the cheek,
or vain is the sparkling of the finest eye, or the
elegantly turned finish of the fairest features ;
whilst in every motion that displays the active
limbs and well-knit joints, grace and modesty
should appear. But this fair assemblage is not
to be brought together by chance ; it is the re-
ward of exertions met to support each other ;
for judgment can only be acquired by reflec-
tion, affection by the discharge of duties, and
humanity by the exercise of compassion to
every living creature.
Humanity to animals should be particularly
inculcated as a part of national education, for it
is not at present one of our national virtues.
Tenderness for their humble dumb domestics,
amongst the lower class, is oftqper to be found
in a savage than a civilized state. For civiliza-
tion prevents that intercourse which creates af-
fection in the rude hut or mud cabin, and leads
uncultivated minds who are only depraved by
the refinements which prevail in the society,
where they are trodden under foot by the rich,
to domineer over them, to revenge the insults
that they are obliged to bear from their supe-
This habitual cruelty is first caught at school,
where it is one of the rare sports of the boys to
torment the miserable brutes that fall in their
way. The transition, as they grow up, from
barbarity to brutes to domestic tyranny over
wives, children, and servants is very easy. Jus-
tice, or even benevolence, will not be a power-
ful spring of action, unless it be extended to
the whole creation ; nay, I believe, that it may
be delivered as an axiom, that those who can
see pain, unmoved, will soon learn to inflict it.
The vulgar are swayed by present feelings,
and the habits which they have accidentally ac-
quired ; but on partial feelings much depen-
dence cannot be placed, though they be just J for
when they are not invigorated by reflection,
custom weakens them, till they are scarcely felt.
The sympathies of our nature are strengthened
by pondering cogitations, and deadened by
thoughtless use. Macbeths heart smote him
more for one murder, the first, than for a hun-
dred subsequent ones, which were necessary to
back it. But, when I used the epithet, vulgar,
I did not mean to confine my remark to the
poor, for partial humanity, founded on present
sensations or whim, is quite as conspicuous, if
not more so, amongst the rich.
The lady who sheds tears for the bird starved
in a snare, end execrates the devils in the shape
of men, who goad to madness the poor ox, or
whip the patient ass, tottering under a burden
above its strength, will, nevertheless, keep her
coachman and horses whole hours waiting for
her, when the sharp frost bites, or the rain
beats against the well-closed windows which do
not admit a breath of air to tell her how roughly
the wind blows without. And she who takes
her dogs to bed, and nurses them with a parade
of sensibility when sick, will suffer her babes
340 8bt* JltwItiH**.
to grow up crooked in a nursery. This illus-
tration of my argument is drawn from a matter
of fact. The woman whom I allude to was
handsome, reckoned very "handsome, by those
who do not miss the mind when the face is
plump and fair ; hut her understanding had not
been led from female duties by literature, nor
her innocence debauched by knowledge. No,
she was quite feminine, according to the mascu-
line acceptation of the word ; and, so far from
loving these spoiled brutes that filled the place
which her children ought to have occhpied, she
only lisped out a pretty mixture of French and
English nonsense, to please the men who
flocked round her. The wife, mother, and hu-
man creature, were all swallowed up by the fac-
titious character which an improper education,
and the selfish vanity of beauty had produced.
I do not like to make a distinction without a
difference, and I own that I have been as much
disgusted by the fine lady who took her lap-dog
to her bosom, instead of her child, as by the
ferocity of a man, who, heating his horse, de-
clared that he knew as well when he did wrong
as a Christian.
This brood of folly shows how mistaken they
are who, if they allow women to leave their
harems, do not cultivate their understanding,
in order to plant virtues in their hearts. For
had they sense, Jhey might acquire that domes-
tic taste which would lead them to love with
reasonable subordination their whole family,
from the husband to the house-dog ; nor would
they ever insult humanity in the person of the
most menial servant, by paying more attention
to the comfort of a brute than to that of a fel-
My observations on national education are
obviously hints ; but I principally wish to en-
force the necessity Of educating the senses to-
gether to perfect both, and of making children
sleep at home, that they may learn to love
home; yet to make private support instead of
smothering public affections, they should be
sent to school to mix with a number of equals,
for only by the jostlmgs of equality can we
form a just opinion of ourselves.
(To be Continued.)
SECOND LETJEB ON WOMAN
From Putnam's Monthly for December.
You will perceive that all my hope, thus far,
has bet n predicated upon the mere tact that a
sense of individual responsibility will beget
thoughtfulness and comparison of views ; hut I
wish to add, that women will bring into politics,
it seems to me, a certain experience of their own
which is fundamental in the art of governing,
viz., a habit of calculating possibilities in (heman-
agemenl of humanbeinqs. Every young mother
starts, I suppose, with the determination that
Tier children shall never do this and that thing
which she has seen other children do, and that
they shall certainly be made to walk in ways
that do not seem to be followed very generally
in the families of her acquaintance. But by-
and-by she finds, to her dismay, that she has to
deal, not so much with a little plastic boy, as
with his grandfather before him, whose image
he bears, and whose resolute will, not a whit
abated by reason of skipping a whole generation,
continually thwarts her most wise and mother-
ly designs. And leaving all ancestors out of the
question, she finds herself brought face to face,
day by day, with this everlasting problem,
Now and how much shall I try to govern my
children, and when may I safely let them alone,
and leave nature and outside influences to work
upon them ? Now, so far as I can see, this is
the first question that a politician (X use the
word, of course, in its primary and legitimate
sense) must decide before he can take an intelli-
gent part in the management of public affairs.
National government, like that of the family, is
a' question of possibilities, of adaptation of
means to ends, taking into account the inexor-
able law of free-agency and the selfish tenden-
cies of our race.
Sometimes we see a father wise and thought-
ful and full of expedients in the management of
children and servantsmore often a mother ;
and blessed is that family, indeed, where both
parents are thus given to the well-being of their
whole household. But a nation is made up of
grown hoys and girls, of masters, mistresses,
and servants, of just such material, in short, as
makes up a household ; and I am unable to. see
how it can afford to commit its* highest interests
to the wisdom and faithfulness of either sex
You will perceive, by this, that I am not in
the least of the opinion that if women alone
bore the responsibilities of government, there
would be greater faithfulness or higher patriot-
ism than now; but rather that each sex needs
the stimulus of the other to the right perform-
ance of every d.ity'; and that such duties are
far less likely to become burdens when shared,
both in preparation and performance, by ones
nearest and most congenial friends.
You will notice, also, that I am far more im-_
pressed with a sense of a womans duty, in this
matter, than of her rights merely. One may
patiently suffer injustice, up to a certain point,
and only make steady gain in moral purity
thereby. This is true of a people as well as of
an individual ; but a period always arrives at
last wherein quiet submission becomes pusil-
lanimity, and tbe duty of resistance, by pen or
sword, becomes manifest. Years ago I began
to give this subject the gravest consideration ;
but tbe fundamental and inherent difficulties of
it, involving, as it does, more practically than
theology itself perhaps, an investigation of the
whole nature of man, of bis relations to God,
and of his own great future, have kept me
silent; and, like Mary of old, I have simply
pondered these things in my heart. Â£ have
even gone so far as to doubt the wisdom of
those pioneer women of this country who, eight -
teen years ago (which was about the time when
my convictions of right were settled, but those
of duty yet in embryo,) began to speak and
write upon the subject; and not long since I
ventured to refer to Mr. Stuart Mills admirable
speech on Suffrage for Woman, as evidence
that the progress of the age, in the discussion
of the principles of individual liberty, would
have brought about the desired result without
much intervention on the part of women them-
selves. But to my astonishment, I will confesfc,
I have lately found that Mrs. Stuart Mill was
the author of the first tract on this subject ever
published in England, and that her husband ac-
knowledges himself greatly indebted to her
leadership in this matter, as in nearly every
other effort of his life. I found, also, that she
was moved to the writing of that most remark-
able essay by the accounts which she received
from this country, in the columns of the New
York Tribum for October 29, 1850, of an organ-
ized effort here in favor of suffrage, irrespecti ve
of sex. Until you have read this tract, which
is republished by the Equal Eights Association
of New York City, you can have but little idea
of the truthfulness of Mr. Mills tribute to his
wife, in the dedication to hero! his magnificent
essay On Liberty. Lest you should foil to
see this dedication, let me copy it for you
To tbe beloved and deplored memory of her who was
the in vpirer, and, in part, the author of all that is best in
my writingsthe friend and wife, whose exalted sense
of truth and right was 'my strongest incitement, and
whose approbation was my chief rewardI dedicate this
Like all that I have written, for many years, it belongs
as much to her as to me ; but the work as it stands has
had, in a very insufficient degree, the inestimable ad-
vantage of her revision : some of the most important
portions having been reserved for a more careful re-ex-
amination, which they are now destined never to
Were I but capable of interpreting to the world one
half the great thoughts and noble feelings which are
buried in heir grave, I should be the medium of a
greater benefit to it than i6 ever likely to arise from any
thing that I can write, unprompted and unassisted by
her all bnt unrivalled wisdom.
A more comprehensive, logical, and unan-
swerable argument than hers was never made on
any subject, so far as I know ; and if I could
only persuade all men and women to readmit
with anything like impartiality, I should consi-
der all further argument unnecessary, and
should only propose that we resolve ourselves,
one and all, into a committee of ways and means,
to devise expedients for carrying out this new
gospel of individual responsibility. I trust you
will read all these essays for yourself, and think
and act for yourself ; and, so far as these pio-
neer women of our country have enunciated
great truths, let us thank them in our hearts
and fraternize them in our lives, while at the
same time, we admit the occasional mistaken
and infelicitous methods by which they have
sought to gain the attention of an unwilling
public. All human progress,- so far, has been
marked by human imperfection in the great or-
ganizers of reform ; and I greatly fear that the
immediate future will fare no better than the
past in this respect. Therefore it becomes us,
one and all, to take by the hand every honest
worker in the vineyard, whether we quite ap-
prove his system of culture or not.
The question of what is suitable education
aud work for woman, grows inevitably out of
your first question, and my ideas on this are
perhaps sufficiently indicated by my general
course of thought. I can see no reason for
dosing any avenue of thought, study, or action
to her, and every reason in the world why she
should be not only permitted, but encouraged
to address herself to any pursuit which com-
mends itself to her judgement and taste. That
every young woman should limit her expecta-
tion of happiness and her ideas of duty by her
possible wifehood and motherhood, is as absurd
as that a young man should limit himself after
the same fashion, especially since the duties of
a citizen, when far more faithfully performed
than they now are by a majority of men, are
neither engrossing nor exhuastive. At the same
time, should she be called, in her happy matu-
rity, to this blessed privilege, she will, by a
previous life of independent thought and action,
under the guidance of wise parents, perhaps,
have prepared herself for the performance of
those matronly duties, than which none require
more wisdom and culture. There is no train-
ing, either mental, moral, or physical, which is
good for a boy that is not, with some slight
modifications, good for a girl also; and it is be-
8fcl~ Â§*V0lllti0tt.' 341
cause girls, in accordance with a true spirit of
progress, have been invited to a higher mental
culture, while still under old-timedimitations as
to physical exercise, out-door sports, and games,
that they seem in some cases to break down
under hard study. So long as boys and girls,
in our country-schools, ave considered young
enough to play and romp together in the open
air, they are equally uninjured by studious ap-
plication ; it is only when the exactions of young
ladyhood come in, that there is evidence of
over-braiuwork ; and the comparative frequen-
cy of this is much exaggerated, I think. There
are many district schools and high-schools of
our cities where the average scholarship and the
average health are as high among the girls as
And as to laborious occupations : it seems
desirable, certainly, that men should reserve
these for themselves, and that women should
be relieved of them, so far as they make exces-
sive demand upon bone and muscle. Children,
born of overworked mothers, are liable to be
a dwarfed and puny raoe. I am inclined to
think, however, that their chances are better
than those of the children of inactive, dependent,
indolent mothers, who have neither brain nor
muscle to transmit to either son or daughter.
The truth seems to be, that excessive*labor,
with either body or mind, is alike injurious to
both man and woman ; and herein lies the sting
of that old curse. If sweat of the brow had been
the best possible thing for primitive man, and
pain and subjection the best thing for woman,
those memorable words would never have been
the sad ones they were in the day of their utter-
ance. And now, the one thing that we may
hope to do, each in our small way, is to abate
that unfriendliness of selfishness, out of which
has come this worldful of toil, privation, and
That men are to become less thoughtful
toward women, less considerate of their real
needs, and undemonstrative in ways ol gal-
lantry, when these have become more thought-
ful of their country and aetive in labors on her
behalf, or in behalf of any independent and
honorable calling, is not a thing to be feared for
a moment. It has frequently happened that
men, whose tastes and habits and ways of think-
ing have drawn them, toward each other, have
fallen into most congenial friendships. This is
true of women also ; and nothing is more beau-
tiful in life than such friendships, nor more
tender than the manifestations flowing from
them. How is it possible, then, that all gentle
graces will depart from either sex, whm each is
at liberty to pursue its laborious work of self-
development alter the plan most agreeable, to
itself and most in harmony with the designs of
nature? In my judgment, the day is close at
hand when pure friendships between the sexes
will be far more possible and frequent than they
now are. This will be brought about in various
ways, of which the equal enjoyment of political
privileges will be one ; but the chietest will be
the associating the sexes in all educational in-
stitutions, so that tastes and modes of thought,
and action will be similar, and on the broadest
scale possible to human beings. There is no
reason in nature why boys and girls should be
trained together in the family and in primary
schools up to a eerta n age, and ever after kept
sedulously apart in colleges, seminaries, and
scientific schools, aud the like. They need
each other just as truly in the one case asin the
other ; in fact, there is no period when young
p eople so mnou need m> be closely associated
during that restless, curious, eager one, when
the instincts of manhood and womanhood are
first awakening, and young hearts are irresist-
ibly drawn to each other by that most subtle
and delicate passion which is altogether more
primeval than any other man knows. Nothing
seems to be more tending to barbarism than the
cutting this fine cord of civilization, by which
every boy and girl is instinctively drawn to the
practice of those gentle amenities which have
gone far to make mother-earth tolerable to us,
ever since wrong-doing called forth from her
bosom the thorns and thistles we all so much
It is not necessary, of course, that homes for
students of both sexes should always be pro-
vided within the college-buildings ; though that
experiment has been found to work admirably
in several institutions of decided excellence in
this country. In every university-town there
will grow up private homes, where students can
secure such comforts and luxuries as their re-
spective means will warrant. And what a hope-
ful method of stimulating a young man to the
maintenance of gentlemanly habits, it only bis
sister might accompany him to the lecture-
room as a fellow-pupil, or should he uniformly
meet there young ladies of intelligence and cul-
ture of his own social standing. Whatablessed
exchange, too, for old-time convivialities, the
social gatherings over which these young la-
dies might preside, adding to them dignity, pi-
quancy, and grace, and taking from them only
those unwarrantable excesses which none should
fear to lose.
It is to be considered, moreover, in favor of
this plan, that no institution of large range and
well endowed in every department, can be main-
tained except at great cost to the state or to
private benefactors, or to both ; and it would
be inconvenient, not lo say impossible, to pro-
vide such institutions in abundance for women
alone. Those that have grown with the centu-
ries are full of enriching memories and tender
associations, such as daughters can appreciate
and enjoy no less than sons : and why should
Alma Mater close her doors to any hungry
child ? Surely, her heart is large enough for all t
You remember the testimony of Dr. D---------,
years ago, to the beneficent influence, upon the
medical students of his class in Demonstrative
Anatomy, of-Miss B------, who, having been de-
nied, everywhere else, opportunities of perfect-
ing her medical education, was received by him
to this most delicate branch, on his sole respon-
sibility. I shall never forget his tribute to her,
and to the young men, her fellow-students, who
gave no sign, throughout the whole course, by
jest or inuendo, that there was a woman in the
room, and recognized her presence only by un-
common quietness and gentlemanly behavior.
My own mind settled then upon the conclusion
that there was no possible activity which did
not belong to a woman as well as to a man, if
she felt called to exercise it. The personal call
is the one thing to be sure of, it seems to me,
and results will take care of themselves.
As to the tact that low and uneducated women
will be brought into power by the ballot, as well
as the really noble ones, 1 can only say that they
need the education of personal responsibility
quite as much as any, and that they peculiarly
need the protection in their own households,
which such power of equal choice would
furnish. No men come so near to being abso-
lute domestic tyrants, in these days, as the ig-
norant foreigners with whom our land is filled,
and yho are the representatives of m old-time
civilization ; and I can conceive no more effec-
tive way of crippling their power over their own
families than by putting a ballot in the hands of
mothers and daughters, so long as it has been
irrevocably given to fathers and sons. In fact,
I have a good deal of hope that some time,,
in the cheerful future, our election-days may
come to have the appearance of our best holi-
daysour Sundays even ; and that every man,
knowing that he is probably to accompany to
the polls or meet there his mother, wife, sister,
or sweetheart in her best attire, will be
driven to wash clean his own bands, and array
himself in his best also, as is meet when all are
going to the performance of a duty as sacred as
any the world knows.
And here is just my conception of my own
interest and duty in this matter. I have often
felt that I might just as well have called upon
my husband to profess my allegiance to my
Saviour as to my country. His heart and mine
are as truly one in this oase as in the other,
and my privilege to speak for myself is as
dear to me in one case as in the other. In
fact, so far as uniting with the members of
a particular church in maintaining the wor-
ship of God in the earth, and celebrating
the ordinances of religion are concerned, I have
but little choice, comparatively, where my lot
may be cast. Wherever faithful souls, believ-
ing that loveto God and man is the spring of
all goodness and happiness, seek to express their
belief in ceremonial and worship, there can I
join with all my heart, whether the form of
church-government suit me or not; but there
is one form of government for nations that
seems to me adapted to their highest develop-
ment ; and I am deeply desirous to express my
thought and feeling on this subject, not only
through my husband, but with him, and long
after he has gone to his rest, if so be I should
outlive him. And if I had never been so fortu-
nate as to meet with this man of my choice,
your beloved father, I feel that it would have
been still more a necessity to me to seal my de-
votion to my country by a life of faithful service
in her behalf.
The idea that women are going to desert their
babies and their homes, and rush for political
offices, the moment they become responsible
for a ballot, is simply preposterous. When the
Great Father desired to express the infinite
depths of His own faithfulness towards His hu-
man children, He found no better words than
these, Can a woman forget her sucking
child? aud we may safely leave all herpetson 1
matters, as He has ever done, to her truly di-
vine instincts. There is every reason to hope
and believe that these will not only prevent her
from an unconscieutious acceptance of offices
whose duties she cannot perform without sacri-
ficing higher duties at home, but that in case of
her acceptance they will enable her to regulate
both her actions aod speech according to the
true standard of womanly excellence. That
this ic not an unreasonable hope appears from
the fact that, in the denomination of Friends,
there has been always the most entire freedom
as to public speaking among the women ; and
it frequently happens, I am told, that they
chiefly make public exhortations, and deliver
the words of the Spirit; yet who, among all
women, have big'ier reputation for modesty,
and gentleness of speech, and all womanly vir-
tues, than these same Quaker ladies ?
I cannot forbear noticing, too, the official re-
sponsibility put upon women, in that venerable
otmrcb, wbiofc is, in someft, t-hs m ot u*
all, and whose vitality has heen the subject of
wonder and speculation up to the present
moment. No less a person than Lord Macaulay
has made the suggestion that the Roman Church
may have owed its success largely to the oppor-
tunities it has always opened to women, for
honorable work and the attainment of authori-
tative positions. In his review of u Rankes
History of the Popes, occurs the following pas-
sage, which all Christian denominations would
do well to ponder :
For female agency there is a place in her system. To
devout women she assigns spiritual functions, dignities
and magistracies. In our country, if a nobie lady is
moved by more than ordinary seal for the propagation
of religion, the chance is that, though she may disap-
prove of do one doctrine or ceremony of the Established
Church, she will end by giving her name to a new schism.
If a pious and benevolent woman enters the cells of a
prison, to pray with the most unhappy and degraded of
her own sex, she does so without any authority from the
Church. No line of action is traced out for her ; and it
is well if the Ordinary does not complain of her intrusion,
and if the Bishop does not shake his head at such irreg-
ular benevolence. At Boms, the Countess of Hunting-
ton would have a place in the calendar as St. Selina, and
Mrs. Fry would be foundress and first Superior of the
Blessed Order of Sisters of the Jails.
In fact, Christian churches everywhere should,
it seems to me, lead the way in this reform, as
in all others, where the moral elevation of man-
kind is proposed. And were not authority and
tradition arranged against it, they would hardly
be so far behind their privileges'll!. this matter as
they are. Let us, then hope for increased grace
and knowledge ; and just so far as they are able
to make wise interpretations ofScripture, follow-
ing the spirit rather than the letter of apostolic
teaching, and entering fully into the mind of
Christ in these matters, they will come to an
increase of power and to the realization of that
old promise given to the prophet Joel, in the
days of his seership, so many years ago : I
will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your
sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your
old men shall dream dreams, your young men
shall see visions; and also upon the servants
and upon the handmaids in those days will I
pour out my spirit.
Is it not the duty, then, of the women of this
day, as a part of their contribution to human
progress, to maintain this doctrine of individu-
al freedom and responsibility, even at some cost
to their personal comfort? At flret glance this
may seem to imply a greater sacrifice of
feeling than the case requires ; but you will
agree with me when I say that nothing could be
much more trying to a woman of delicacy and
sensibility than such assertions of herself as are
commonly stigmatized as immodest, unfemi-
nine, unnatural and the like ; especially if she
be the mother of sensitive children, on whom
the recoil of rebuke may fall so heavily as to
more than double her own pain. And does not
this become the best of reasons why men should
prepare the way for her in these matters, rather
than call upon her to make a way for herself ?
Of course they must do this, so far as mere leg-
islation is concerned, they only having the pow-
er ; but in all departments of life* how easily
can they invite her companionship, without in-
curring any loss or bringing any odium to them-
selves ; whereas, she must suffer in various
ways, if left to claim and actually enforce her
rights and privileges, as a free, responsible be-
?ng, owing, like man, allegiance to God and her
own conscience alone. It is on this account
that I would call upon man, rather than because
he seems to me to be, par excellence, a wrong
doer, or even the wilful cause of his own pres-
ent acknowledged supremacy.
There are many important considerations af-
fecting this subject practically, which I should
be glad to present to you ; but these must wait
your leisure and mine. Meantime I subscribe
myself, once more, Your affectionate
IMPOR7ANT INTERVIEW WITH CBIEF-
A. J. Grover, Esq., who furnishes the follow-
ing interesting and valuable account of along
conversation with Judge Chase, is one of the
most respectable and influential members of the
bar of Illinois, formerly of Massachusetts. His
statements cannot but command the deepest at-
tention in every part of the country :
Petersburg, Va., Nov. 24th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
I came from Washington to Acquia Creek on tlie same
boat and occupied the same seat in the cars yesterday
with Chief-Justice Chase. Introducing myself as an Attor-
ney from Illinois, and a member of the bar of his court,
I drew him into conversation by interrogations upon a
variety of National questions. I found him very talka-
tive, indeed, and willing to express his opinions upon
most subjects which I introduced. In regard to im-
peachment, be said Johnson was probably impeaohable,
and when called to preside over the high court which
was to try him, he hoped and expected that it would
conduct itself in a becom ing manner and with that dig-
nity and judicial decorum whioh ought always, and had
always heretofore, characterized great State trials ; but
that the senators occupied their usual seats instead of
being seated on the right and left of the presiding Judge
as the Supreme Judges, ani as oiher senates have done,
in the trial of impeachments. That senators did not
conduct themselves like judges, but read newspapers,
wrote letters, and railed at Johnson, as Johnson had
railed at the senate. That they denounced Johnson as
the greatest criminal ot the age, during the trial, when
that was the very question which they had sworn im-
partially to try. That sitting as a senate they made the
rules by which to govern and conduct the trial, when all
this should have been deferred until after the organiza-
tion of the Conrt. That bad the trial been conducted
with due regard to formalities and usages, becoming to
grave and reverend senators, sitting as judges in each a
case, that whatever had been the j udgment rendered, the
moral effect would have been favorable. He said that
articles might have been drawn under which Johnson
would probably have been convicted. That the reason
why such articles were not presented, was that certain
men high in office and in the Republican party were as
deep in the mud as Johnson was in the mire. That Mr.
Stevens confessed that this wa9 the fact.
In reply to a question. Mr. Chase said that he did not
regard Gen. Butler as the ablest ot the impeachment
managers. That Butler had great intellectual power,
but was a good deal of an Old-Bailey lawyer. That
Wilson of Iowa, or Mr. Bingham were Butler's superiors
as sound lawyers and statesmen. He said that be'did
not believe the stories about the personal dishonesty of
Butler. That nothing affecting nis persona) integrity
had ever come to his knowledge while acting as Secre-
tary of the Treasury.
Speaking of Gen. Grant, -Mr. Chase saidNow you
have got your President, what are you going to do with
him ? I replied, better inquire what he is going to do
with us ? adding Is he in sympathy with the republi-
can party on negro suffrage ? Mr. Chase said, I dont
know any more about Gen. Grant than you do. I do uot
thiuk he is personally in favor of negro suffrage, but I do
not think he will oppose the wishes and acts of the party.
He thought Gen. Grant was a man of great practical
judgment in military matters. He did not agree with
those who asserted that he was merely a fortunate man.
Would take a rebelgeneral for President if he had re-
pented. Sadden conversions, he would admit, were to
be distrusted, they might be unlike St. Pauls in every
other respect. He preferred the financial part of the
democratic platform to the republican platform in that
respect. Said it would be repudiation to insist upon
paying the 5-20s issued under the act of Feb., 1862, in
greenbacks. I told him that I wrote the fourth resolu-
tion of the Republican platform, against repudiation.
He said, that is a good resolution. He said he was op-
posed to consolidating the National indebtedness into a
long loan. Was in favor of paying the debt as quickly as
possible, in gold. The people will pay up the debt or
repudiate it. If tbe bonds were to be obanged, he was in
favor of a short loan. Did not care whether the
new bonds were exempt from taxation or not. It would
make no real difference to the people. That taxation
would necessarily increase the rate of interest if the
bonds remained in the country. Taxation and low in-
terest would drive the bonds out of the country, and
thus drain off all the specie. Was in favor of a return to
specie payment. No need of diminishing the volume or
changing the character of the currency to effect this.
In reply to a question, Mr. Chase said he was glad
that he was not nominated by the democrats on the
platform which they adopted. He could never have ac-
cepted a platform opposed to the rights of the negro.
He did not 9ay that he would not like to be President If
he Could have done so, would have been glad to have ac-
cepted the democratic nomination and stopped the cru-
sade of the party against the negro. This would have
been a good thing for the whole country. Being on his
way to Richmond to bold conrt, 1 asked him when he ex-
peoted to try Jeff. Davis. He replied that he did not
know when Jeff. Davis would be tried. That the gov-
ernment had control of Jeff. Davis aod was responsible
for the delay. That he had always been ready to try him.
He did not know why Davis had been allowed to go off
I asked the Chief-Justice what he thought of the pro-
posed amendment to the Constitution, to confer equal
suffrage upon the citizens of all the states. He said he
had nothing to do with it, but thought it would be as
well to leave that matter with the states. I expressed
the hope that the word male as well as the word white
would be left out of the amendment if it should be sub-
mitted to tbe states for adoption. Mr. Chase said it
could never pass Congress with the word male left out
He, personally, would be glad to see the experiment of
Female Suffrage fairly tried. I remarked that he was
generally supposed to be friendly to the Womans Rights
movement. He said he certainly had no objections to
Female Suffrage. That all of his instincts were demo-
Resuming the greenback question, I asked why we
could not substitute greenbacks for the National Bank
currency, and thus save tbe wastage, and the interest,
on the bonds deposited by the banks? Mr. Chase re-
plied that we must have banks to circulate the green-
backs, and that the National Bank currency was really
greenbacks. That he tried hard, when the law was be~
fore the committee, to have tbe wastage accrue to the
government, but could not get tbe committee to report
the bill with such a provision. That he tried to secure
the wastage to the gover nment on the one dollar notes
even, but failed, in this. He said that so many of the mem-
bers of Congress were interested in banking, that it was
impossible to get wbat he wanted. That no modification
of the law, curtailing the profits of the national bankers,
could be passed for the same reason. That many of the
republican leaders and office-holders were corrupt and
unprincipled men. That he had little confidence in
the republican party for this reason. The masses are
honest, but tbe leaders are bad men. If the party suer
ceededin conferring suffrage upon the negro, it would
probably be the last of its acts for tire benefit of the
country. The parly had beenin power so long, bad men
largely controlled it. Little can be expected of it in
The Chief-Justice seems to be very cheerful and
happy. Not at all sour or morose as he is represented
to be by some of the republican papers. He appeared
strong, and vigorous in health, and does not seem to
have grown old any during the last twenty y^ars. He
reads the finest type without glasses, walss with a brisk
aod elastic step, jokes and laughs as heartily as when ha
was twenty years younger. I think he will be able to
stand all political disappointments which may be in store
for him, suclras he underwent in July last, and that he
is likely to live long enough to be a candidate, for the
Presidency several times yet, and that the country is
much more likely to get several worse before one better
President than Chief-Justice Chase would make.
A. J. Gboveb.
A Toast.-In celebrating Franklins birthday at Buf-
falo, the printers had a good time, and among others,
the following toast u as drank:
Printers WivesMay they always have plenty of
small Caps for the heads of their little original articles/*
No monument or inscription yet marks the grave of
Gov. John A. Auclrew, in Mt. | Auburn, near Boston.
WHO IS SUPERIOR?
Thebe are some persons wi o think that because there
is a difference between man and woman, that one must be
superior, that they cannot be equal. Can they not see
that if a perfect orange is divided in the middle the parts
will be equal?
Man and woman make a perfect whole. In God they
are one, in Heaven they are neither male nor female ;
on earth they are male and female for the purpose of
propagating the species. But if a difference in organiza-
tion and temperament makes one superior, who shall say
which is the superior? Man has beard," one says.
But we have yet to learn that beard is expressive of
sense and judgment: but if man has beard, then we
can say that woman has none, and thereiore being dif-
ferent from man, have we not as much reason to say
that she is superior, as for man to preach superiority on
the same principle? It is mind that makes a human
being higher than the brute, and the purer the mind is,
the nearer the being approaches the Divine. Because one
person is taller than another it does not follow that he is
superior. It is not the man with the greatest physical
strength who has the most expanded and deepest mind.
If man is thought superior to woman because he has
more power in his body than she, then the stronger man,
is always superior to the weaker, and the pugilist is
king among men. It is generally said that woman is
purer and better than maD, therefore slie must be
nearer the Divine, and all must admit that the nearer
we are like God the higher and more superior we are.
But I am not trying to prove woman higher than man,
although I feel that I am as able to do it as man is to
prove himself higher than woman, but I wish to prove
that sex does not or should not make inequality.
One of the best arguments in favor of the equality of
the sexes is that man thinks he is superiorthat he has
no more reason and judgment than to think God would
make a race of beings on so poor a principle. Let him
philosophize with an unselfish disposition, and he will
find it is wrong teaching conceit and selfishness that
call man superior and woman inferior. But the last
shall be first, and the first last/ and the boasters at last
fall beneath the humble. If men are superior they
should he provided with a higher sphere in after life ;
they should not associate with their inferiors in a per-
feet life. A master told his slave once that if he was
obedient and faithful to him on earth, he would have a
nice kitchen up in heaven. Perhaps that is what men
think about women. If they are submissive and gentle
here, they may have a chance in heaven to wait upon
them and please them.
When women have equal rights, men will no longer
preach superiority, and God grant that that glorious
day may soon dawn. Julia Crouch.
LETTER FROM GEO. IRAN CIS TRAIN
A SHAKE HANDS WITH W. H. SYLVIS, ESQ., AND
A CHEER FOR THE SONS OF LABOR.THE WORK-
INGMANS PARTY, OR THE KNOW-SOMETHINGS
OF 1872.WHY SHOULD DIVORCE DISGRACE THE
WOMAN AND NOT THE MAN ?WHY SHOULD THE
YOUNG MOTHER HIRE A COW ?WEAK-MINDED
HAVE STOPPED SNEERING AT STRONG-MINDED
WOMEN, IN THE DAYS OF THE REVOLUTION.
WHY DO WE NOT PRAY TO OUR MOTHER, WHO
ART IN HEAVEN ?AN IRISH MAID OF SARA-
GOSSA READING THE REVOLUTION. *'
Dublin, Four Courts Mabshalsea, )
Nov. 4, 1868. f
Dear Revolution : The agony is over.
The mountain has brought forth. The Rads,
live. The Cops. die. The Irish for once in-
side, showing they held the balance of power.
Will Tammany again ignore Civis Americanus
Sum ? Hen of labor read the note to Syl ns.
THREE CHEERS FOR THE NATIONAL LABOR UNION.
Four Courts Mabshalsea., Nov. 4, 1868.
Dear Wm. H. Sylvis, Esq., Pres. N. L. U.;
Give me your hand. It is time we were acquainted.
Your address to the Workingmen and Working Women
has the smack of honesty and genius. Count me in.
Labor may now say to capital, stand and deliver/'
Working men, the ballot is your bullet. Stewart, Van
daebilt an! Aster have but one vote each, like you. Wil
you not me it to e mo ole, elavit3, reform your order?
Say to the demagogues, Stand aside. In the South,
four hundred thousand slaveholders owned four millions
of blacks. Presto. Tbe chains were severed by a flash
of lightning. Now, in the North, four hundred thou-
sand bondholders, mostly Alabamian bondholdersShy-
lock bondholderssixty-per-cent share bondholders own
forty millions of whites. Presto. The Working mans
party under your leadership will change all that. You
are right. We have four years to make legislatures and
remodel Congress. Charge on the enemy. Capital is or-
ganized. Let us organize labor. Here wealth fattens on
thepoor. The Dress Circle lives off the Pit. The descend-
ant of a kings mistress eats up the labor of thousands.
One child in fourteen a bastard. One man in sixteen a
pauperand all the laborers slaves / We are going Che
same way, unless greenbacks become law. Nothing will
&ave repudiation but greeubacks. We must take money
by the throatit has had its clutches on labor already
too long. Gold isfalling. This is a bad sign. Itshould
be two hundred. When I signalled my Irish boys to go
in for Grant, it was not because I loved Grant more, but
Seymour Jess. Both Conventions swindled labor. Prop,
erty must not crush labor. Ben Wade was right. Ma-
chinery has improved property, but enslaved labor.
Virtue gives way to money. Vice flourishes with the
rich. The poor have no cash to be dissolute, w ho ever
says, Rich but honest? Idleness is Purgatory. There
th6 devils reign. Working men have no time to be idle
hence, virtue with them Is bread. Organize, boys!
Stand together! and capital must fork over. The Pro-
metheus of labor has been too long chained on the rock
of capital. The vulture of our national debt will eat out
the nations vitals unless labor insists upon greenbacks
for the rich as well as for the poor. In China, custom band-
ages the feet. In America, conventionalisms bandage the
head. Equal rights and equal pay will emancipate half a
race. Now personal charms in woman, wealth in man
make marriage in high life legal prostitutionmasters
and slavestyrants and dependents, are the terms for
many a man and wife in the dress oircle. Let us work
like an American. We must drop that Trojan simile.
New words must be coined. I have started lor my Irish
clientele a new party.
THE KNOW-SOMETHING PARTY.
The Irish arc all laborers. And the Irish people can
be no longer bought and sold. -Tammany has, to-day,
a terrible nightmare. 1860 and 1864 repeated in 1868
Our citizenship must be be elevated. Horace H. Day,
Sam Wilkinson and Henry Carey must belong to the
N. L. U. Wealth is a miser. Labor a prince.
Ninety per cent, of all capital is labor. Yet the la-
borer gets nothing to lay aside for the rainy day, while
capital rolls along the avenue with lordly mien and aristo-
cratic dissipation. I noticed when in Java, Borneo, Cey-.
Ion, Singapore and Calcutta that under the lofty aristo-
cratic palms, in the tropical foliage, among the gorgeous
flowers and luscious fruitsin all that luxuriant culture,
the cobra, viper, the most dangerous reptiles, poisonous
serpents and life-destroying insects swarmed and flour-
ished 1 Squander our Alabama, bondholder, exotic plu-
tocracy, the wealthy have among them the counterparts
of these citizens of the Indian world, making it danger-
ous for the poor to walk in the gardens of the rich.
Give me your hand, Mr. Sylvis, and command my ser-
vices for the sons of toil. God save the children of
labor. Geo. Francis Train.
WHY IS DIVORCE A DISGRACE TO THE WOMAN MORE
THAN rn=ng MAN?
Man always escapes. Woman never. He is
always right. She wrong. The courts ruled by
men usually decide against women. When
women act on juries, when Portias act as coun-
sel, fair play will be a feature in law. E. C. S.
discourses most eloquently on this question.
Why should a woman be harnessed to a brute.
Latterlymarrying for moneyand keeping
a mistress, what does man care for a wife?
Our divorce laws must be changed. Is there
not a skeleton in every house ? Do not we all
put the best leg forward ? When women vote
there will be a wider scope to a womans mind
in marriage. Then she will marry for friend-
ship and affection instead of a home and a car-
riage. Now she is entirely helpless. She is
educated to do nothing. Idleness is destruc-
tion. Han not expecting it, is astonished to
hear a woman talk sense.
WHY DO NOT WOMEN NURSE THEIR CHILDREN ?
It is not fashionable. It destroys the form*
She must have some scrofulous wet-nurse to
impregnate her babe with her filthy nature.
She became a mother by acoident, and by acci-
dent has no milk. In the last generation, all
mothers had milk. Now, they must keep a
woman cow. The wet nurse is the real mother,
while the parefit is only a looker on. The
nurse rules the household. Her word is-law.
The mother is a slave. The more she loves the
child, the more tyrannical is the nurse. So so-
ciety destroys maternal affection, and fashion
kills all love of offspring. Corsets break down
the strength. Fashion rules the world and
mothers have no milk.
THE PAPER BULLETS OF WEAK-MINDED MEN WHIZ
HARMLESSLY BY THE HEADS OF STRONG-MINDED
What a change is there, my countrymen!
Editors no longer sneer when the woman fires
back. AU journals are more respectful. Had
Frank Blair made a Womans Suffrage speech at
the Convention, instead of writing the Broad-
head letter, 1868 would not have slept in the
same trundlebed with 186A McClellan and Sey-
mour ride side by sideiu the Greenwood of the
democratic party. Tilden and Belmont chief
mourners. Next time, perhaps, you will take
my lead, and win. One year of Revolution,**
nay, only nine months, and a child is bera,
and her name is Independence for one half the
world. Who thinks of mailing bricks with straw
in this generation of the world, but the Bour-
bons of Spain and Tammany ? No Thorough-
fare wiU no longer prevent women from enter-
ing the lists of all kinds of progress. No
extra risk on woman, reads the insurance po-
licy. Why should women at baUs and parties
be put on a par with children and negroes, by
admitting them at half price?
WHY SHOULD WE NOT PRAY TO OUR MOTHER WHO
ART IN HEAVEN, AS WELL AS TO OUR FATHER ?
Oar mother educates us. Rears us to boy-
hood. Our father seldom sees us. Our mother
is always with us tiU we are ten years old. Our
mother teaches us to prayto say, Now I lay
me down to sleep, Lord, what if I this night
should die? and Oar Father, who art m
Heaven. Why not pray to our mother as well ?
The Virgin Mary saved the Catholic Churoh.
Yet the Pope is down on woman! Celibacy,
carried to its length, would stop the Church
and end the world in one century! Let us
swear by our mother. Let us say oar Mother,
who art in Heaven. Oar mother would not
lead us into temptation. How odd that we
should pray to our Father not to lead us into
temptation ? The Catholics pray to our Mother.
My religion, also, opens the door to both sexes.
If created in His image, can we not compare the
earthly with the spiritual Father ?
Sincerely, George Francis Train.
Theodore Barker as A Pbacticvl Man." The fine
arts do not interest me, said Theodore Parker, so
much as the coarse arts, which feed, clothe, house
and comfort a people. I should rather be a great man
as Franklin, than a Michael Angelonay, if I had a son
I should rather see him a mechanic, who organized use
like the late George Stephenson, in England, than a
great painter like Rubens, who only copied beauty. In
short, I take more interest in a cattle show, and feel
more sympathy with the Popes bull than his bul-lum.
Men toik to me about the absence of art in America.
You remember the staff that M--used to twaddle
forth upon that theme, and what transceudental non*
sense got delivered from gawky girls and long-haired
young men. I tell them we have cattle-shows and
mechanics' fairs, and ploughs and harrows, and saw-
mills, sewing-machines and reaping-machines, thresh-
ing-machines, and planing-machines. There is not a
saw-mill in Rome. I doubt if there is one in the Pontifi-
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,! j*A*+nva
PARKER PILLSBURY, j K
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 3, 1868.
TEE PRESENT DANGER.
Sate me from my friends, is often a most perti-
nent prayer. It is particularly so in the present
crisis of our-national affairs. The dangerisnol
from the South. It is not from the democratic
party ; nor from conservative republicans. It
is not from a deranged and dilapidated currency.
It is not from whiskey frauds, railroad rings,
-Indian bureau', or public land speculations, pec-
ulations and all abominations therewith con-
nected, though these abound, omnipresent, and
work their ruinons results incessant as gravita-
tion itself. Nor is it any longer from Andrew
Johnson. That copperhead, as men have
called him, is disarmed of fang and sting. But
yet the perils of the present moment, far ex-
ceed any in the past.
For thirty years the eye and the heart of
the whole nation were with the abolitionists
were the abolitionists. Excepting them, the
whole nation, state, church, pulpit, people were
stone blind. The abolitionists alone had sight.
They alone had the spirit of prophecy. They
alone believed in God, in justice, in humanity.
They alone proclaimed the true gospel. The
government was a deliberate conspiracy against
liberty, the church was a mockery of God and
his authority. The pulpit was exactly described
by the ancient Hebrew seer the watchmen are
blind ; they are dumb dogs ; they cannot bark;
sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. The
exceptions were too insignificant in numbers and
influence to make any difference in the final re-
result. There were two gospels ; the gospel of
freedom and righteousness by the prophet Gar-
rison, and the gospel of slavery and oppression
by the so-called American church, numbering
in the thirty years^anti-slavexy war, about three
million baptized communicants and forty thou-
sand ordained priests. The former of these
ministries declared our southern slave system
a sin against God, and a crime against human-
ity, that should be immediately repented of ard
put away, or it would surely work the ruin of
the nation under the divine law and govern-
ment. The other professed to regard slavery
as a sacred institution, originating in heaven
itself, practiced by patriarchs, approved by pro-
phets, and hallowed by the whole New Testa-
ment dispensation ;| the Fugitive Slave law,
even, being sanctified by the example of the
apostle to the Gentiles sending back a new con-
vert to bis old master from whom it was held he
bad unlawfully escaped. Garrison and all his
most faithful adherents were branded and
blasted as infidels, by the church and pulpit
from Maine to Mexico. But as the lightning
came down from heaven and consumed the sa-
crifice ot Israels prophet, and confounded the
priests of Baal and their foul (idolatries, so the
fires kindling at Fort Sumter and blazing and
devouring all over the domain of slavery, melt-
ing off every chain, liberating every captive, al-
most in a day, solved forever the problem as to
which of the two gospels was from above, and
which from the pit. So is it ever/ Truth is
never without faithful witnesses. And they are
ever what they were once named on high author-
ity, the light of the world. They are the eye,
the moral vision of mankind. They are not the
world any more than the eye is the body. They
may bear about the same proportion to the
world materially, as does the eye to the body.
And as the body without the eye is without
sight, so is any people or nation when the moral
and spiritual vision is ^darkened or put out.
And if the light that is in thee be darkness,
how great is that darkness, was, indeed, well
Generation after generation, the American
people walked in the light of their consecrated
priesthood as to the character of their slave sys-
tem ; blind leaders of the blind, till theystum-
bled together into a common ditch, where they
are floundering even unto this day.
That church was the accepted light of the
world to all but the] abolitionists. The nation
walked in its light. It supposed, for the church
told it so, that slavery was ordained and ap-
proved of God, that a debauched patriarch
cursed one of his sons for smiling at his shame
and entailed slavery thereby on half the human
race forever and ever. This the churoh taught,
this the world believed, and made laws and gov-
ernments accordingly. The light that was in
that church was, indeed,* darkness. And how
great that darkness Great in the millions
misled! Great in the millions of the victims
enslaved! Great in the number, .magnitude and
long continuance of the woes they endured,
and great in the slaughter and desolation of the
war sent for their deliverance!
There, then, was the danger. It was not in
the democratic party. It was not in the whig
party ; nor in any political parly. It was in
that which claimed to be, and was acknowledged
to be the light of ike world.
The Fugitive Slave law of 1850 was the final
filling up of the cup of our more than Babylo-
nian abomination. It was the last vial of
slaverys wrath poared out not on the head of
the slave alone, but over the entire north, more
terrible in its transforming power than the sa-
craments of Circe, converting every northern
man into a blood-hound to hunt and howl on
the track of the fugitive slave as he sped to
Canada to find a home and freedom beneath the
thrones and diadems of monarchy, which were :
denied him in the boasted land of Washington,
Democracy and the Declaration of Independ-
But even this most frightful enactment, the
pulpits of New. England, of Boston, of Bunker
Hill, the holy mount of Andover hastened to
hallow, in the name of religion distilled from
the Testaments, both old and new.
The satanic utterances on the seventh of March
(18501 of Daniel Webster in the United States
Senate, gave the nation that law, more memor-
able for its atrocity than the blood-written man-
dates of the Grecian tyrant. Universal humanity
was shocked at its most diabolical defiance of
all justice, all right. But professor Stuart, of
Andover Theological Institution, the most emi-
nent biblical scholar of his time, hasted with a
huge pamphlet entitled Conscience and the
Constitution, to hush the storm and to cry in
the name of his God, Let us have peace!
Dr. Sharp, Dr. Adams, Dr. Rogers, all of
Boston, echoed the cry from their several pul-
pite in solemn sermon, Let us have peace.
Indeed, nearly every Doctor of divinity in the
land swelled the horrible chorus, Let us have
peace! Let there be no strife between north |
and south about these accursed sons of a drunk-
en patriarch; God willed them to be slaves three
thousand years ago, and perhaps for three
hundred thousand years hence, and why should
we be found fighting against God ? And the
people answered, amen and amen, and forthwith
made Franklin Pierce their chief ruler by the
largest vote ever then oast since human history
But did that law and its religious sanctifica-
tion and observance bring peace ? Two more
democratic administrations followed, and then
came the lamented President Lincoln. But in-
stead of recommending the immediate annihila-
tion and utter extermination of the vile enact-
ment, he set himself at once to have it made
more expressly constitutional than before, and
forever irrevocable by any act or decree of the
government But did that bring peace? In
that one dire proposal of the new republican
President, every well-schooled abolitionist saw
the southern Satan falling, as in the vision of the
Son of Man, like lightning from heaven. But
what seer or prophet in that hour, dared num-
ber the myriads of stars, of our bright and
beautiful stars, he would drag down with him
in his fall ? The graves hieroglyphed all over
the south, tell that, in tones to be heard and re-
Thus saith the Lord: Let not your prophets
and your diviners deceive you, for they pro-
phesy falsely unto you in my name. I have
not sent them saith the Lord. So, too, spoke
the abolitionists to this nation, for more than a
quarter of a century. But the people would
not hear. They followed the false prophets
Our danger is no less now than before. It is
even greater than ever before. And it arises
from precisely the same source. The light
that is in the nation is still darkness.
True it reluctantly admits now that the aboli-
tionists were the true prophets and estimated
rightly the crimes, cruelties and consequences
of slavery. The people have paid Mr. Garrison
a tribute of fifty thousand dollars (well earned
too in their behalf) tor his life long labors ;
but worth more than fifty millions in the con-
fession that he was right'and they wrong. They
have also taken Mr. Phillips into their confi-
dence, esteem and admiration, a compliment
worth more to him than mines of gold which he *
But the tests of virtue in one period are never
those of another. It is no less an outrage now
to rob woman of her just rights, than it was
forty years ago to plunder the slave of his. And
here Mr. Garrison and Mr. Phillips are both as
blind as the church and pulpit were before.
The' republican party has come up to them, but
God has lifted new light on the world which
they perceive not. For it is proposed in the
councils of republicanism to reconstruct the
government on another basis of compromise.
The best of the prirty say woman must wait the
negros hour, though her right is as sure and sa-
cred as his. Mr. Phillips says now is the ne-
gros hour. And in this crucifixion of woman,
Mr. Garrison and Mr. Phillips are at agreement.
So, too, are large numbers of the most popular
and well known of their former and present coad-
jutors. Only by the peerless eloquence, devotion
and power of Lucy Stone was the late Womans
Suffrage Convention in Boston prevented from
absurdly, preposterously committing itself to
that principle ; or rather that want of all prin-
ciple. It did elect as president of the new As-
sociation, one holding that strange position, and
who confessed (hat she had not even believed
in womans right of suffrage at all, until almost
up to the hour of the holding of the Convention.
And with these stand the best of the politicians
of all parties, the press, the people, ike cobred
people even, and of course the pulpit and the
church, all impatient for reconstruction on a
policy that disfranchises and degrades one-half
the nation, and that the most moral, virtuous,
and intelligent too, on account of its sex. And
under such a policy the nation dares pray, let
us have peace!
An eight years war and revolution made the
white male citizen free. The Declaration of
Independence itself was made to mean no more.
Another war, the most disastrous and bloody in
history, has added the black male to the proud
lists of sovereignty with the white. Is it ever
to be in blood that the triumphs of freedom and
justice must be secured? Men boastfully tell
women, If you vote, you must fight. Do they
not mean rather that if they vote, they must fight
first with them for the right to vote? Cut
your way to the ballot-box through us, as we
men did through British tyranny, and then your
right will no longer be questioned. Is not
that what they mean?
All these multitudes rebuke the democracy,
and npt unjustly, for continuing slavery and
seeking to. extend it. But their own course in
regard to woman is no less cruel, no less
criminal. In the present blaze of light and
knowledge on human nature, its needs and
rights, it is ten thousand times more unjustifia-
Before the war of the last seven years began,
the abolitionists were the light of: the land.
But in its first blaze and thunder, most of them
were blinded and deafened, and threw off the
armor which ior thirty yeaTS had made them
invincible ; thereby adding dreary years to the
length of the war, and mints of money to its
cost; with incalculable griefs, woes and rivers
of unneeded blood. They blindly thought the
American army was commissioned to do their
work, and sent their sons even while the gov-
ernment was declaring the war would not
change the status of a single human being, and
Col. Benjamin F. Butler, and Gen. McClellan
were pledged to the slaveholders to use those
sons, if needed, to suppress insurrection that
might arise among the slaves.
Now most of those same abolitionists, under
the leadership of Garrison, Phillips, Frederick
Douglass and others, have proclaimed their faith
in the republican party as henceforth the Shiloh
of national salvation. General Grant says, let
us have peace, and the people cry peace,
peace, from ocean to ocean !
But what kind of peace can be purchased at
such a price ? Over womans .prostrate form
and rights the colored man must march to lib-
erty. This is the negros horn. Woman
must not urge her equal claim, lest it prejudice
the negros cause; for this is the negros
hour! The fable of the goat and the fox was
never more pertinent than here.
The peace purchased at such a cost, is indeed
no peace. It will be a curse to all womankind,
and a greater curse to men who thus buy it. In
the old Lutheran conflict there were two schools
of Protestants. One claimed that * peaceful er-
ror was better than boisterous truth. But the
nobler class responded, peace if possible, but
truth, if the he wens fall.
The foremost political reformers, Mr. Gar-
rison and Mr. Philips among, or at the head of
$bem, hold that the party in power has saved
the country, and is entitled to public respect
and gratitude. If colored male suffrage be se-
cured, though paid for in womans still protrac-
ted sorrow, it is a triumph over which we are
to be glad and keep this day a thanksgiving to
In the Mexican war the whigs justified them-
selves in fighting its .battles on the ground of
standing by their country. Our couutry,
light or wrong, was one sentiment drank at a
fourth of July dinner. Our Union, however
bounded, was another. On such morality was
Texas stolen from Mexico, by and for the slave-
holders, the north aiding and abetting, an-
nexed to the Union, and paid for afterwards in
millions of money and multitudes of men.
But how many, many times, in those fearful
days, did the walls of old Faneuil Hall shudder
at the angelic eloquence of Phillips and of Gar-
rison, as they boldly rebuked such doctrines of
devils, in the face of their guilty and oppressive
nation! Alas, where are their mighty voices in
this not less fearful hour?
For even colored male suffrage is not- secured
by treason to principle, any more than slavery
was abolished when the abolitionists postponed
their anniversaries, discontinued their news-
papers, withdrew their agents from the field and
went or sent their sons to fight for a Union with
slaveholders, to whom all old guarantees for
slavery were assured, and new and more terrible
ones promised, would they but lay down their
arms and return to their allegiance. Grants larg-
est majorities are some of them in states that
hate negro suffrage at home with inextinguisha-
ble hatred. Missouri gave him a large majority,
but voted male colored suffrage down by nearly
twenty-five thousand. Kansas, Colorado, Wis-
consin, Connecticut, Ohio, Pennsylvania and
Michigan have since the last election of Presi-
dent Lincoln voted down negro suffrage with a
unanimity that would be wondrous in any other
country, and, with one or two exceptions, would
do the same to-morrow.
Gen. Grant, who was the candidate of one
party only to keep him from the other, has
most unequivocally signified his personal hos-
tility to the measure. He would accept it
were it the will of the people, or, as he wrote
Judge Pierrepont, would force it on the South,
as was emancipation, should it in like manner
become a necessity.
But a vast majority of the people, even of
republicans, do not desire colored suffrage.
The Chicago platform conceded that question
to the states. Judge Chase holds it as belong-
ing to the states, though personally in favor of
the very largest liberty. And the states, with
a few exceptions, behold how few, north as well
as west and south, have, by overwhelming ma-
jorities, decreed against it to any but the white
Here is the national peril. The nation is blind.
Its light is darkness. In the midnoon light of
this nineteenth century it stumbles as it did in
the darkest, dreariest night of slavery. Our
country, right or wrong ! Our Union, how-
ever bounded! The war will change the
status of no human being. This is the
negros hour. To press the claim of woman
now will prejudice the cause and claim of the
colored man." Colored male suffrage, right or
wrong! Colored male suffrage forced on the
south where the black is ignorant, denied in the
north where he is, in intelligence and virtue, too,
the peer of the white. Let us have peace.
Can we have it thus ? Ought we to have io thus ?
As righteously canid Mr. Lincoln have made
peace with the rebellion by making slavery per-
petual, and the Fugitive Slave law ibsevooa-
ble as he himself proposed !
It is not the church and pulpit now as for-
merly that are the accepted and recognized
conservators of the public conscience, the
guardians of the national morality. It is those
abolitionists who, lor more tnan thirty years,
saw, foretold and warned the nation of the im-
pending danger from slavery and its abomina-
tions, and who, in the fear of God, the love of
justice and of man, endeavored to keep their
own conscience void of offence, though at the
cost of reputation, right of suffrage, political,
social and religious friendships and affiliations,
property and life. These now have become
compromisers of justice and right as regards the
cause of woman, and would add two millions of
colored voters to the power that already opposes
her. Will this bring peace? Fust pure,
then peaceable, was long ago establishised as
the order of nature, of God. Be justioe done
though the heavens fall. Wendell Philips once
said, God did not send me into the world to
abolish slavery, but to work justice and right-
eousness ; in a word, to do my duty. Many
remember it well. It was an inspiration of the
Holy Ghost. But neither did God send him,
or send any of us, to establish colored suffrage,
but to do justice and right: to trample down
all compromise of principle; all injustice,
whether black men or all women be the
victims: to demand equal and untrammelled
freedom for all men and all women, though to
establish it should melt down the skies ; Uhould
bum up the earth, and dry up all the seas.
Unless this be done faithfully, fervently, our
danger is even now, infinite. Whoso readeth
let him understand. - p. p.
BARB ABO US PUNISHMENTS.
THE WHIPPING-POST AND THE PILLOBY.
Newcastle, Bel., Nov. 31,1668.
Today in the jail yard seven persons, convicted of
various petty offences, were tied to the post and
whipped. One of these was a man seventy years of
age, who received twenty lashes upon his bare back.
He cried bitterly during the whole ordeal. Two' boy?,
about twelve years of age, were flogged with twenty
lasbes eaoh for petty offences. One man was placed in
the pillory until be was totally helpless from the cold,
and wfcs then whipped with twenty lashes. Eaoh of the
- criminals, after receiving the barbarous punishment,
was returned to prison to remain there six months, after
which they will also have lo wear convicts dress in pub-
lic for another half year,
A noble woman sends us the above, and asks,
can anything be done to end such barbarity ?
Yes! place the ballot in the hand of woman*
Never until the mother soul is represented in
our legislation will war, violence, and fiendish
punishments like these give place to love,
mercy, justice, and peace.
Men talk of reconstruction on the basis of
negro suffrage, while multitudes of faots on
all sides like the above show that we need to
reconstruct the very foundations of society and
teach the nation the sacredness of all human
rights. We call on the women of Delaware to
draw up a petition at once to their legislature to
pass a law forbidding these cruelties, on feeble
old men and trembling children. If there is
one woman in that state that has a soul to feel,
let her make herself heard at the Capitol. It i s
a disgrace to every man and woman in Delaware
that such atrocities are permitted. Wheres
Senator James A. Bayard? He is generally
loud in his denunoiatiems of Radical rule,*
What cao he say of things like these in a demo*
cratic state ? Are the men who do this diaboli-
cal work, republicans or democrats ?
We have a number of readers in Delaware,
.. and we ask them to send us further particulars
' of the jails and prisons of the chivalry.
INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE.
WORCESTER COUNTY FREE INSTITUTE OF INDUS-
Worcester, Mass., is the seat of what is to
be one of the most important educational insti-
tutions in the country. The dedication was
celebrated on the 11th inst. The object is to
furnish a training sohool for young men of
moderate means, or even without means, in
which they can receive an education, not only
in the branches usually taught in high schools
and academies, but combining with these a
practical education in the meohanical and scien-
tific trades. Book-learning is combined with
trade-learning, and the 6tudent receives the
benefit of an ordinary school, and at the same
time a thorough knowledge in the scientific
port of the trade or profession he proposes to
follow, inculcated by the practical application
from day to day in the machine-shop or the la-
boratory of scientific facts obtained from books
or lectures. The ultimate aim of the institute
is the elevation of the mechanic, by giving him
thorough and complete scientific knowledge, on
which he may base his future work.
The Worcester County institute had its foun-
dation in the gift of the sum of $100,000 by
John Boynton, of Templeton, Mass. In the
instrument of donation Mr. Boyntn says :
The aim of this school shall ever be the instruction of
youth in those branches of education not usually taught
in the public schools, which are essential, and best
adapted to train the young for practical life ; and es-
pecially, that such as are intending to be mechanics, or
manufacturers, or farmers, may attain an understanding
oi the principles of science applicable to their pursuits,
which will qualify them in the best manner for an intel-
ligent and successful prosecution of their business; and
that such as intend to devote themselves to any of the
branches of mercantile business, shall in like manner be
instructed in those parts of learning most serviceable to
them; and that such as design to become teachers of
common schools, or schools of like character as our com-
mon schools, may be in the best manner fitted for their
calling ; and the various schemes of study and courses
of instruction shall always be in accordance with this
fundamental design, so as thereby to meet a want which
our public schools have hitherto but inadequately sup-
plied.....AU sectarianism and all control of one reli-
gious sect over another is strictly prohibited, the Bible
in the authorized version shall be in daily use, and sucb
devotional exercises as consist with a due sense of our
dependence upon the Divine blessing.
Other wealthy persons have already nearly or
. quite doubled the donation of Mr. Boynton.
As is usual, the institution is for young .men
only, but the trustees have already appointed
one lady, Miss Harriet Goodrich, on the board
Chicago Legal News.An article from and
upon this excellent publication is crowded out.
It is possible to say, however, that, as a Law
Reporter, Expositor and History also, it is
learned, able, well printed, and every way
worthy the most extensive patronage. And
conducted too by a woman, it is up to all the
demands of the hour in womans behalf. It is
published every Saturday by Mrs. Myra Brad-
well, at two dollars a year in advance.
Working Womens Meeting.The next meet-
ing of the Association will be held on Monday
evening next, Dec. 7th, at half past seven, at
Room 24, Cooper Institute.
A Lost Art to be Restored. The Chica-
goan seals the fact that the Working Womans
Association is at last fairly organized with Miss
Anthony at its head. Besides this, it says also,
we may notice that the Womens Medical Col-
lege propose to establish a corps of medical
Sisters of Charity, who are to be carefully
trained as nurses to take care of those too poor
to pay for regular attendance. But, thinks the
Chicagoan farther, unlimited must be the appro-
bation and satisfaction of the lords of creation
on learning that one woman of expansive be-
nevolence actually proposes to open in New
York a school lor the education of young
women in the lost art of bread-making/ as it
has been aptly termed, and that certain of the
fair daughters of fashion, the belles of New
York society, have taken it into their little
heads to avail themselves of the opportunity for
the instruction that will fit them for the least
disputed segmert of their sphere. Can it be
possible that American ladies are going to learn
how to cook? Heaven, in compassion, send
that this last may be a success! Next iu value
to the gift of grain itself, would be wit and wis-
dom to properly use it.
A Kansas Liquor Law.The women of
Kansas have one hold on the liquor-sellers
which is half a ballot: The Lawrence Iribune
has the following from a wife, which is a strictly
To whom it may concern :
I hereby give notice that the sale of spirituous liquors
to Homer Hays is contrary to my wishes, and that I shall
prosecute according to law any pe.son who disregards
this notice. Catherine Hays.
By the law of Kansas a woman can prosecute
any liquor-seller who sells to her lord and mas-
ter. And the Lawrence Tribune asks, will
The Revolution agitate for such a law in
New York ?
Wait a little till woman gets the ballot. The
Revolution has no time to waste on half-way
measures of questionable utility, even could
they be adopted.
Paris Working Women.An official report
lately published in Paris gives some interesting
facts relative to the price of female labor in that
city. The number of women earning wages in
Paris is 103,310. They are divided into three
sections. The first consist of 17,203 women,
who get from 50 centimes to one franc, 25 cent-
imes a day ; the second of 88,340, who earn
from 1 franc 50 centimes to 4 francs a day,
and the third of 767 only. In the first sec*
tion there are a great many girls under six-
teen years of age, most of whom get, beside
their wages, lodging, food and washing free.
The representatives of the female working class
in Paris are, therefore, the 88,340 women of the
second section. Of these 24,810 earn two francs
a day (forty cents.;, mid 39,164 more than two
francs a day, and their average daily wages
2 francs 14 centimes.
A Kentucky Voice.A private letter to Miss
Anthony fr:m Glendale, Ky., says :
We organized here an association of about twenty
members the first of October, and now have some fifty
members. From the increase and the excitement over
the matter generally, we hope we will soon have the
whole of Uordin County, and after a year, the whole of
the state ot Kentucky enlisted on the side of Womans
Please send us The Revolution "as soon as possible
the encouragement you can.
A Sensible View.The Springfield (Mass.)
Republican is a model provincial newspaper in
most respects. East of the Connecticut, clear
to Eastporfc, Maine, it has no superior in ability
and general good management. It is pleasant,
therefore, to find it growing more and more fa-
vorable to Womans Suffrage and education.
Last week it said on that subject:
The day has gone by for treating these questions with
ridicule or with silent contempt. Woman as a worker,
woman as a voter, who shall say that there are anywhere
more serious topics than these, or that any are more
pressing for consideration ? We have admitted to the
ranks of factory and shop labor during the past ten
years, an immense number of women who had before
been devoted to domestic labor alone and we are con-
tinually adding to that number. In the more intellec-
tual kinds of work, sucb as teaching, clerical service,
editing, writing, lecturingtbe change has been equally
marked. In trade the change is less perceptible, but
still important j and its effects are showing themselves
in all directions. There is a greater activity in the
minds of women, a greater diversity in their condition,
their aspirations, their powersthey are drawn more di-
rectly into the whirl of busy life, and their interests are
wider and less purely domestic than formerly. These
are good results, and there are plenty of the other sort.
There is more unrest and disappointment, more domes-
tic unhappiness, more freedom of morals, more feminine
vice and crime. Marriage is held in less esteem, while
the respect for virginity is by no means increasedthere
are more divorces, more seductions, more of the social
Foolish persons, fixing their attention upon a few of
these results, are shocked and frightened, and suppose
that the world is growing wprse ; on the contrary, it is
only pursuing its development. And one stage in that
development is to be the admission of women to an
equal share with men in the government of the country .
Women are going to vote in Massachusetts beiore many
years ; they are going to vote in some other states before
they do here, and all oyer the country before the end of
the century. That is our prediction, and there will not
be half so many to pooh-pooh it as there would have
been ten years ago if we ha l prophesied that negroes
would elect members of Congress in South Carolina in
the year 1868.
Farmers Wives.-^-George Wm. Curtis says :
The road to wealth and ease that lies through a farm,
seems to those who are not actually obliged to journey
that way, like Jordan, a hard road to travel. While this
is true of the farmer, how is it with the farmer's wife,
for the position and character of woman is always the
measure of civilization ? In the oldest English book
upon farming, Judge Fitz Herbert says : It is the
wifes occupation to winnow allmannerof corn, to make
malt, to wash and wring, to make bay. to shsar corn,
and in time of need to help her husband fill the muck-
wain (or dung-carts), to drive the plow, to load corn, hay
and such otner ; and to go or ride to the market to sell
butter, cheese, milk, eggs, chickens, capons, hens, pigs,
geese, and all manner or corn. The good judge forgets
to mention one other most important occupation of the
wife, which she is expected to add to all these; and that
is to bear and rear children; a duty whiob, in Hew Eng-
land, she faithfully performs.
The present farmers wife is not quite so badly
off, but farther amelioration is greatly needed.
Woman and the Good Templars.The Tem-
perance Patriot asks:
Do the advocates of Womans Bights realize th
work which is being silently, but none the less surely
done, by the Independent Order of Good Templars?
Our Order lays no claim to the title of a Womans
Bights society. We never heard the question brought
up in the Lodge room, except as an incidental question.
With the exception of one or two very recent cases we
do not know that Good Templars, as such, have ever
endorsed Female Suffrage; but our Order has from the
very first recognized woman as the mental equal of man
There is no privilege of sex in the Lodge room. Woman
is elligible to any and overy office in the Order. If she
be deficient in executive ability here it will be plainly
Capital, as far as it goes. And besides, every
such step paves the way to womans like equality
OUGHT WOMEN TO VOTE?
BEAD BEFORE THE BLOOMINGDAIiE BYCETJM.
It appears to me that the question proposed
for discussion ought to be dealt with fairly, and
logically, with a determination to put prejudice
aside, and to accept whatsoever conclusions a fair
and open line of argument may lead to. The
question of Equal Eights has long been before
the public, and it has, as a general thing, been
dealt with in a spirit of scoffing equally unfair
and unmanly. I wonder that a nation of men,
who habitually plume themselves upon their
chivalrous courtesy to women, can so for for-
get themselves and their traditions of chivalry
when dealing with a question of Womens
It is not enough, however, to scoff at the
agitators of this question, as weak-minded
men, and strong-minded women. I humbly
. apprehend that no man among them all would
willingly accept the alternative of being men-
idlly weak, as descriptive of his feminine depend-
ents It is not enough to ridicule them as be-
spectacled, angular, short-haired, billious-hued
Bloomer-ites. Such a course may be vitupera-
tive, but it is not argumentative.
Many writers are prone to evade the true
issue, taking refuge in a sense of masculine su-
periority, from which they graciously throw out
high-toned, moral suggestions that the fair
seekers after suffrage had better be at home
mending their husbands stockings.
Now that is a glorious mission, doubtless, and
ought to content any reasonable woman ; but to
our great grief, and disquiet, we find evidences
in them of a cropping out of ambitious desires
for a vocation not altogether confined to the
truly feminine occupation of button-hole mak-
ing, and the repairing of overworn hose. They
claim to have souls above buttonsor
button-holes. They profess to think they have
Rights, and other Rights than the lords of crea-
tion have conceded to them. To our inexpres-
sible horror, they claim the Right to Vote.
They dont a9k it as a favorif they did, we
should, in all probability, grant their desire ;
we rather like to dispense favors in a gracious,
lordly fashion. But Justice, not Favobs, is
their cry; they claim suffrage as a right.
Therefore, as a right, we are bound to dis-
cuss the question, and come to a decision.
Allow me, for a moment, to draw your atten
tion, ladies and gentlemen, to a few of the il-
logical replies that have been made to this
. claim founded on Right.
It has been said that to enter the arena of
politics, would render woman coarse, mascu-
line ; to go to the polls would demoralize her,
and bring her into contact with unclean things ;
and a very Daniel of a democrat has objected,
that she would be wanting office next!! I
Ah! that wail came hum the very spirit!
Therein lies the very head and front of her
offending! They fear the fair fingers will
next seek to thrust themselves into the great
Public Pie, the spoils of which already fail to
suffice the greed of their opponents.
The question, however, is one of abstract
Right. It is nothing to the impartial Judge, if
the innocent man, released by his sentence,
, shall, in the future, commit the very offence
of which he is now proven not guilty. So,
also, it is nothing to the purpose if the
Women of the Future become unsexed
through receiving their Rights. Ikat lies be-
yond our jurisdiction ; but a grave responsi-
bility devolves upon us who either knowingly,
or ignorantly, deprive any race or class of the
rights to which their humanity entitles them.
By so doing, we clog the wheels of progress,
and keep back the world in its circling flight
towards the millennium.
The women of to-day are striving, in blood-
less fight, against that very oppression, to over-
throw which, onr forefathers freely shed the
best blood of the landTaxation,- without Re-
presentation. And in these women flows the
same loyal blood, dwells the same patriotic
spirit that animated their chivaliic ancestry
with only this differencea man without a
country is an anomaly in the worldand so is
a woman with one! She may, and does, give to
her native land, father, husband, son, to die
nobly in its defencebut to the end of her
days, this patriotic woman shall go orphaned,
widowed, childlessthe citizen of no country
a cypher in the land she gave her all to pro-
tect and save.
I disclaim, for the present, any special advo-
cacy of Female SuffrageI simply demand fair
play. If woman must be taxed, gentlemen,
grant her, then, the established right of repre-
sentation, not simply through her husbands
vote, for that would be in a manner compelling
our widows to select our successorsand,
moreover, all women are not so fortunate as
to possess a voting-half. Indeed, as statis-
tics go to show that the number of mar-
riageable women greatly exceeds the number
of marriageable men, such a course would be
highly unfair towards the majority of women.
Therefore, as a matter of strict justice, if
your deliberate conviction shall be, not to ac-
knowledge such rights as are claimed by intel-
ligent and far-sighted women all over the
worlddo not compel them to pay taxes toward
the support of a government in which they have
Some of the popular objections have already
been noticed, but they are poor and flimsy, and
cannot claim for a moment the dignity of argu-
ment against Woman Suffrage. (J. make a
single exception. The man with the hole in his
stocking! I feel a profound sympathy for him !)
Take, for instance, that weakly, sentimental ob-
jection to her coming in contact with the pol-
luting influences of the ballot-box. I suppose
much the same sort of crowd is closely packed
into the street cars, on which probably two-
thirds of the women of this city are compelled
to go back and forth ; the same polluted
breaths stifle her, mid similar unkemped and
unwashed individuals elbow her, or plunge into
the vacant seat by her side, if she is lucky
enough to get a seat.
Now that objection is a pitiful subterfuge ;
no man oi ordinary common sense, here present,
can fail to see the simple and obvious remedy
that polls set apart for the female voters,
with the ordinary guard, would be sufficient to
protect them from that unholy contact with the
mob. They would deposit their votes quietly,
it is to be presumed, and then go home to the
neglected domestic hosiery ; and the supposi-
tion is justifiable on the ground that women are
opposed on principle to corner groceries;
and would not, therefore, adjourn half-hourly
to drink the health of their candidates.
Having spoken a few words in behalf of the
gentler sex whom we all love, since we all have
mothers, and if we havent hope to have wives
let me, in closing, say one word in behalf of
mankind, the noblest of whom have, in all
ages, shown themselves to be womans brave
defenders and generous friends.
Perhaps the rash valor with which a knight
formerly challenged all comers to mortal com-
bat, who should deny the sovereign beauty and
virtue of his ladye, is lacking in the sluggish
blood of this generation, but that high sense of
honor is no more dead than in the days of
chivalry, though it may seek expression rather
at the point ot the pen than of the lanceand
the noble women of the land, the daughters,
wives, and mothers of Patriots know as well
as you or I that an appeal to it in the name of
Justice and of Right shall not always be in
SOCIAL SCIENCE IN CHICAGO.
The Social Science Convention in Chicago
has elicited a good deal of attention. The pa-
pers read were valuable, chiefly for statistical
and other information, showing the alarming
moral condition of the country.
The paper by the Rev. Dr. J. M. Gregory up-
on womans sphere, or place and work in soci-
ety, was written in a most excellent spirit, and
was, perhaps, the most liberal, comprehensive,
philosophical paper read at the Convention.
Mr. Gregory considered woman in a three-
fold character : first, as mother; second, as
house-keeper ; and third, as woman.
The importance of womans work as a mother
was well and strongly defined, but no measures
were suggested to improve its character, and
make her children what they should be. The
great importance of her work as housekeeper
was also put forth in very strong light, and I
would here suggest that, if womans work as
mother and housekeeper is so important, it de-
serves and should receive a better compensation
than the present lawful method of keeping her
a beggar at mans mercy.
It also occurred to me that the epithet of wo-
man, as the great house-keeper of the world,
was about as dignified as it would be to call our
merchants store-keepers; and I would also sug-
gest, that if house-keeper's should become house-
owners, the houses would stand a better chance
to be well kept People generally take better
care of what belongs to themselves than of
what belongs to somebody else.
As store-keepers delight in the grand ti-
tle of merchant princes, why not call house-
keepers household princesses, or Queens of the
home ? Good reason why ; because our houses
and their keepers are owned by lords and mas-
ters. House-keeper is a very appropriate title
for the wife and mother in her present depend-
Under head of the third department of wo
mans place and work, Mr. Gregory says :
We come finally to the third, and perhaps
the most potential form of womans influence :n
society, the power she exerts by virtue of her
womanhood. To restate the history of this
power, would be to rewrite the re1igious, social,
and political history of the world. It would're-
veal the secrets of courts and cabinets, of con-
spiracies, revolutions and wars, the rise and fall
of states and kingdoms, and the life Qf demo-
cracies, republics and despotisms. In private
life it would reveal the secret springs of myriad
lives, their heroisms and their crimes; their
greatness and their meanness, their success and
their bitter and wretched failures.
Mr. Gregory did not suggest any measures by
which this influence could be made better, or
what it should be to prevent crime, discord and
disaster in society. I would suggest that (he
position of so much power should he made re-
sponsible and honorable, not as now working in
the dark behind and through men to the utter
demoralization and destruction of society.
The position and work of woman, as woman,
in the great social fabric, is now the great ques-
tion to define, the great problem to solve, and
which must claim a great show of our attention
until it is finally settled upon principles of jus-
tice. When this is done, womans position and.
work as mother, wife, and house-keeper will
find an easy solution and be brought into right
Prof. T. W. Woolsey read a paper upon di-
vorce and divorce laws.' Another was read upon
compulsory education by H. A- Ford. Mr.
Charles F. Coffin delivered an address on the li-
centiousness of our age and country. Rev.
Fred A. Wines read a paper upon Female Re-
Mr. Wines said very clearly and emphatical-
ly, that it was one of the greatest blessings to
society that women were compelled to marry as
it prevented prostitution, etc.
Miss Conover of Chicago said she did not be-
lieve in keeping women in a dependent condi-
tion to force them into marriage, as that was
only a mild form of prostitution.
Mr. Wines denied that he advocated what the
lady deprecated, nevertheless it was impossible
not to perceive that Mr. Winess address justi-
fied her conclusions. Surely it is womans de-
pendent condition that compels her to marry.
Mr. Wines did not say or imply that men are
compelled to marry. In a right condition of
society women would marry, not by the law of
force or compulsion, but by the law of attrac-
tion or love.- x
It is very evident that we cannot look to the
men of the Social Science Association for the
solution of the social problems of the day.
Every remedy proposed by them for our exist-
ing evils was a measure of force. Such a course
as this, when carried to its legitimate ultimate,
would lead society back to its condition before
the days of Luther. The law of force applied
to society will lead.us back to monarchy and
despotism, and will require a standing army*
Dq the gentlemen propose this? If they do
not see any better way to remedy our social
evils, I can assure them that there is a bet-
ter way. We want justice, not force. Justice
alone can harmonize society, and this law of jus.
tice is the great law oi Christianity. Do unto
others as ye would that others should do unto
In advocating the law of force, we abandin
the true spirit of Christianity, and fall back to
Judaism, to the law of Moses.
Doubtless the law of force is a law of social
science, as it is a law of every other science, but
it is not the law of freedom, equity and har-
mony. Mbs. E. 0. G. Wellard.
Taxing op Women.At the recent Womans
Suffrage Convention in Boston, Hon. Samuel E.
Sewell said that in Boston, women are now as-
sessed $27,778,000 on real estate, and $13,121,-
000 on personal estate, Mr. Sewell thought
there would not be a perfect community until
the sexes are perfectly equal in the eyes oi the
Edjidnia Lewis, the young American colored sculp-
tress at Borne, has received an order from Prince George
of Prussia, for a statue of Clio, daughter of Jupiter and
first of the Muses.
Do not overlook the letter of Mr, Groyer on
OUR CAUSE IN SWITZERLAND.
The Second Congress of Peace and Liberty
held in Berne, Sept. 22d to 26th, 1868, passed
the following resolution:
Congress recognizes, as a principle, all human rights,
economical, civil, social and political, as belonging to
woman, and commences at once to study the best means
to hasten the day when woman may have the lull erer-
' cise of these rights.
The question of the Rights of Womau was
presented with equal tact and eloquence by
Madame Goeggthe persuasive and convincing
advocate of the cause which she was called to
The following communication on The Mis-
sion of Woman was received, for translation
of which, for The Revolution, we are in-
debted to Mrs. Elizabeth Smith Miller :
Help thyself and Heaven will help thee. If (bis
proverb were ever true, it is certainly so in this ques-
tion of the emancipation of woman. Never would man,
who feels his own interests threatened, extend to her a
helping hand, unless forced to do so.
Now, it is not very easy to help ones self, when
one is surrounded with all sorts of prejudices and ob-
stacles. Without being easy, it is quite possible, if those
who strive are animated by an energetic will and activ-
ity. It is not by a single blow that this revolution will
be accomplished. Who wishes to reach the end, must
walk prudently and feel assured of every step. It is
important that the commencement be well guarded. It
will consist in struggle against the weaknesses which are
the result of our education. Luxury, indolence, and
sentimentalism must be struck out of the programme.
The absence of indigence is the first wealththe first
essential step toward independence. Simplicity of man-
ners engenders, also, morality and temperance. The
true ornament of woman is neatness. The toilet must
require as little time as possible and as little preoccupa-
tion of mind. On the contrary, woman should seek to
instruct herself in all things which tend to physical
strength, fearlessness and braverysuch as swimming,
gymnastics and handling arms. Let us not fear the
contempt and mockery of the world ; let him laugh who
wins. Let us despise no labor, however low it m;y ap-
pear ; let every one seek to occupy herself in those
things for which she feels the most strength and attrac-
tion. Labor is dishonorable in none of its forms. The
sense of having accomplished a useful thing, of having
lived a true life, is ample recompense for the pain one
has endured and tor the contempt ot vitiated men.
It will be difficult to persuade married women, al-.
ready advanced in life, to change their way of living;
habit is to tbem as second nature ; but if they do not
feel capable of working a renovation in themselves, they
should certainly not remain inactive to that which con-
cerns others. They should educate their daughters
otherwise than they have been educated : they should
plant in them, from inlanoy, the germ of independence,
and bring them up, not as dolls, but as reasonable, ac-
tive beings. They must imbue themselves with the
idea that it is an unpardonable crime to allow a young
girl to leave the paternal roof without defence and with-
out intellectual resources and to launch her thus on life.
It is in her education, positively, that she must find
means of reaching a better existence, in an education
rendering her capable of striving for her well-being, and
leading her to find in her own strength the most effica-
cious aidthe most useful succor.
And if tradition and prejudice really deprive woman ot
the resources which man possesses to perfect himself,
nevertheless what can prevent her working to secure to
herself the same resources? Who would expel them
from the court-room, the library, the studio, if they op-
pose serious resistance, a determined force of will?
All the obstacles heaped arouod woman exist simply
because she tolerates them. These obstacles are ra-
ther in the weakness and false timidity with which
woman has been inoculated, than in the soi-disanl
strength and superiority of man. Man knows this too
well; it is on this account that he praises the virtue of
humility in woman. It is, then, necessary to surmount
this timidity so much praised and so encouragedand
to this without the least violation of the truly delicate
sentiments of the human soul.
Some among us will be called to walk as pioneers to
dear the way of progress. Thorns will not fail us on
this route, but we must bear all, persecution and con-
tempt, tot the promoters ot uew Idea hare nothing
else to expect. In the accomplishment of the task, we
must seek the recompense of effort.
If we could succeed in making woman think, the. rest
would take oare of itself. A phalanx of -determined
women would easily succeed in gaining the right of
Suffrage, because, in reality, the existence of the state
is already in the hands of woman. A strike among
the women would certainly be the most legitimate oi all
strikes that have been or that can be.
Men know this too well, and it is ther efore that they
wish to enchain a force which seoms to menace their
privileges. The task of woman, on her side, is to
arouse, to bring out this force which is now latent, and
this, not for the happiness of her sex only, but for man
also, and for the good of all mankind.
A Swiss Citizen.
EXTRACT OF LET1ER FROM REV. MR
Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 18, 1868.
My Lear Miss Anthony : I read The Revolution
with great pleasure. Let me say to you, that I heartily
wish you God speed in your enterprise, and that I
enclose two dollars for a years subscription from date.
I may not agree with all your methods; but I have
learned to accept things as a whole, without wasting
time in dwelling on flaws. All hail, therefore, to The
I am to go to Indianapolis the last of December. Be-
fore doing so, I will do my best with a sermon to my
people on Woman and Work. I shall commend the
paper and its editors and proprietor the Working
Woman Associationto their-regard.
I want our women to honor workto be proud in self-
maintaining. I want all places opened to them, and the
ballot in their hands. They will use it for righteousness
Cordially yours, Henry Blanchard.
A New Paper.The Pittsburg (Pa.) Weekly
Minor; introducing again Mrs. Jane G. Swiss-
helm as associate editor, with Thomas W.
"Wright and Thomas Telford, editors and proprie-
tors. Two dollars fifty emits per annum, in ad-
vance. In their salutatory, they say :
In starling the Weekly Mirror we seek to fill two vacan-
cies. First. That which has always existed in Fitts'
burg, except at Intervals, the place of a first-class
literary and family weekly, not issued on Sabbath.
Second. That created by the failure of the Working-
mens Advocate. We expect to make it first-class in this,
that we shall admit no article not of a degree of literary
merit equal to those of our best Eastern magazines, and
that our leading object will be to impart information and
bold up the highest standards of moral excellence and
Christian culture and refinement. We shall admit into
our columns nothing that defileth or maketh a lie ;
and, instead of records of rice, shall endeavor to interest
our readers in the many good deeds which tend to re-
claim the world from the power of evil and (make our
earth an Eden.
The Woman Suffrage CandidatesThe
Canvass in England.The cable since our last
article has given so little news, if any, regard-
ing the Woman Suffrage candidates in the late
contest, that we will postpone the announce-
ment of the result until the arrival of our foreign
files with full returns.
Mrs. Rufus F. Buel.One of the best
schools in Washington is' managed by Mrs.
Buel, wife of the Rev. Rulus F. Buel, formerly
missionary to Greece. The children of Gens.
Grant, Howard, and other distinguished men,
are under her care and instruction. Young
ladies from different parts of the country are
frequently with her during the winter for the
purpose of seeing Washington society.
Liberal Donation.The Womans Homo has just
received, from Hon. E. B. Ward, of Detroit, the verv
handsome sum of $300, to aid ,in completing the struc-
ture now building by the Directors with the funds which
have boon subscribed for this enterprise,
Messes. Peterson & Bros., 306 Chesnut street, Phila"
delphia, have just sent us two new and handsome books,
Across tjte Atlantic, being Letters from Prance, Switz-
erland, Germany, Italy and England. By Charles H.
Haeseler, M.D, of Pofctsville, Pa. A large Duodecimo
Volume. Handsomely bound in Cloth. Price Two
The Morrisons. A Story of Domestic Life. By Mrs.
Margaret Hosmer, Author of Ten Years of a Life-
time, The White Girl of the Ridge, etc. Price
$1.75 in cloth ; or, $1.50 in paper cover.
We have looked through the first of these books, and
having passed over much of the ground a few years
since, recently travelled by Dr. Haeseler, Italy excepted,
can testify both to the accuracy and the brilliancy of his
descriptions and sketches. Many complain, and not
without reason, both of the number and the emptiness
of books of travel. But the letters comprising this
handsome volume will escape all charge of dulness, and
will find a ready sale wherever properly introduced.
On The MorHsohs we have hardly had time to call,
and so cannot speak with so much confidence. The
hook is well produced every way, contains more than
380 pages, and is dedicated to Mrs. Sarah J. Hale, which
is itself a recommendation.
Memoranda op Persons, Places and Events ; em-
bracing autheotic facts, visions, impressions ; discov-
eries in magnetism, clairvoyance and spiritualism, with
quotations from the opposition. By Andrew Jack-
son Davis. With an appendix containing Zscaokkes
Story of Hortensia, portraying the difference between
the ordinary state and clairvoyance; a very handsome
and truly interesting Spiritualist book ot 486 pages.
Boston : Wm. White & Co.. 158 Washington street. New
York : 544 Broadway.
Life of Mark M. Pomeroy, proprietor and editor of
the La Crosse (Wis.) Democracy and of the New York
Daily Democrat. A representative young man of America.
By Mrs. Mary E. Tucker. With a steel portrait.
Brick, as Mr. Pomeroy sometimes signs himself, for
some reason or other, is' not surely a rose that all are
praising, though he is just-now in almost everybody's
mouth who reads the newspapers. Mrs. Tucker has not
probably added much to his fame or reputation, but she
has set the newspaper world all a buzz about him, like
a hornets nest. Large republican journals give long
columns of notice ot the book, and of its hero, as though
he were after all far other than the burnt day divinity
they so profess to despise. Evidently he is not totally
depraved nor wholly despised. For apart from his poli-
tical vagaries (supposing his opinions to be such), he
seems to have elements of character which a great many re-
publicans in high life and low would do well to cultivate.
Two hundred thorough temperance men and boys, ab-
abstaining from tobacco as well as intoxicating drinks,
and most of them from profane swearing, also, are not
the. company that would gather arouud a moral monster
in human form, and remain in his employ year after
year. But such a testimony as this is borne of him in
various places, if not in the book. A short time since,
he declared himself a Womans Bights champion, up to
the fullest demands of The Revolution, though it
is not pleasant to say that in his absence, or while de-
tained from his editorial chair by illness, as we are sorry
to learn he has beeu, his paper has been saying some of
the stupidest things ever heard of against Womans
Suffrage, and even other rights to her belonging. These
will undoubtedly be retrieved when he comes himself
again to the helm.
Some men are hypocrites by being worse than they
seem, others by being better. It is to be hoped, in.
deed, can easily be believed, that the worst of Mr. Pome-
roy, like an oyster or a porcupine, is on the outside-
His biography shows this most conclusively, and we
earnestly hope the future of him may magnify all his
virtuous qualities as therein set forth. The book is very
handsomely got up, as are books generally by Carlton &
Co., Broadway, New Yotk.
The Military and Civil History of Connecticut
during the war of 1861 to 1865. Comprising an account
of the various regiments and batteries, through march,
encampment, bivouac and battle. 'Also instances of dis-
tinguished personal gallantry, and biographical sketches
of many heroic soldiers, together with a record of the
patriotic action of citizens at home, and of the liberal
support furnished by the state in its executive and legis-
lative departments, By W. A. Croffut and John Morris.
Extensively and handsomely illustrated. New York :
Ledyard Bill. An elegant volume of almost 900 pages.
The authors evidently intended a first-class hook of its
kind, and have m ainly achieved a complete success. The
publisher, too, has done his part admirably well, and the
state will do both parties and itself, too, great injustice,
if it do not give it a wide circulation. We may recur to it
again, more, however, for the sake of Connecticut and
its state government, than for criticism of the book it-
The Herald of Health closes up the year very
handsomely in its December number. A dozen or fif-
teen popular pens grace its pages, and almost every ar-
ticle has some kind of merit. Mrs. Horace Mann, on
Womans Suffrage, is a brief, but clear and unanswer-
able argument for it, that we shall make room for if pos-
sible. New York : Miller, Wood & Co. Two dollars
The Science of Money and Co-operation ; together
furnishing the solution of the Labor Question. By W.
M. Boucher, Chicago. A well-produced pamphlet of
128 pages. It will receive further notice hereafter in
our Finance department.
The Future of Vineland. A Lecture, by Joseph Treat.
Some copies are left for sale at The Revolution
office. The lecture is Vineland as it is, as well as as it is to
be. It is a plea for Womans Equality also, iR the world
of work, literature, government, religion, everywhere
Price 15 cents. Eight copies for one dollar.
Mary McElroy and her sister, two domestic
servants in Lee, Mass., it is said, have just re-
ceived intelligence that a wealthy old relative
has died and left them $70,000 each. Who
now will serve them?
Mrs. Secretary McCullochs Report.
NO DECLINE IN HOUSEHOLD
Ten years ago I purchased a Wheeler & Wil-
son Sewing Machine, and have had it in
constant use in my family since. We used it
during the war to make clothing for our volun-
teers in the service and for the hospitals, and
this work was very heavy, being coarse woolen
and cotton fabrics. It is still in good working
order, nothing having been broken but a few
You are welcome to use my name in your re-
Mrs. Hugh McCulloch,
Wife of Secretary U. S. Treasury,
To Messrs. Wheeler & Wilson.
THE BENEDICT TIME WATCH
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches for the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
f>nd all others who desire a perfect time-keeper. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture of the move-
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stock of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated aud in every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.
YOL. II.NO. 22.
IRE CURRENCY QUES1ION\
BY L. A. BINE.
Space being limited I must drive directly
home to the subject.
To the objection that the new greenback is
to be forever inconvertible^ it is replied that it
will be convertible into bonds, while the new
theory makes these bonds forever inconvertible
except back into greenbacks! This sort of oir-
cle logic has never been very highly esteemed.
If neither the greenback nor the bond is ever
to be paid, neither of them will ever be of any
value, nor represent any valne. Even the small
interest of two per cent, to he allowed on the
bonds and to'be paid in greenbacks, which are
forever to be irredeemable and unpayable, will
fail to give the bonds any value.
The new theory proposes to pay all dues, pub-
lic and private, in such greenbacks or bonds.
No more revenue is to he raised, because the
greenbacks or the bonds are to pay all. Hence
the heavenly felicity of no more taxation 1 Gold
is to be driven out and forever kept out of our
monetary system as an impertinent intruder
upon the natural rights of stamped paper
money! All the national debt, not made ex-
pressly payable in coin, is to be paid either in
these greenbacks or these new bonds which are
themselves never to be paid except by being
converted into greenbacks that are also never
to be paid except by being converted back
agaui into bonds \ ^ What a charmed circle this
is! We now need $1,500,000,000 of currency
while we have only $650,000,000, which is two
hundred mi lions more than could be maintain-
ed on a gold basis, and money is to be so abun-
dant as to reduce interest down to li or 2
per cent. TLis writer does not think it will be
worth even that much unless the government
shall agree to redeem it; and even with such
an agreement, one dollar out of fifteen hundred
millions could not purchase more than thirty-
five cents worth ot either gold or wheat. But
this theory is to bring us all into that paradise
of celestial joy when our war debt will be next
to valueless, our currency next to valueless, all
private debts ditto, and honesty so much de-
preciated that no one will be driven to suicide
by remorse! What an wholesale confiscation
deliberately perpetrated in time of peace and
It is held that gold has no value as money ex-
cept what is given to it by the government
stamp ; that it is arbitrary power alone which
makes it a measure of values. This is false in
fact and false historically. Gold was a measure
of values before government discovered the con-
venience of making the right to coin money a
prerogative of the crown. It is nothing but a
convenience. It secures a uniform coinage in
place of a great number of coinages of differing
purity, and therefore embarrassing in business.
The government stamp neither adds value to a
piece of gold nor imparts to it any new function
as a measure of values. Were there no coinage
at all it wonld still, by universal consent, be
the measure of values the world over, because
it is not only the least fluctuating of all things,
but is susceptible of that minute and con-
venient subdivision to represent the smallest
values that it is ever desirable to measure.
It is claimed that a piece of paper stamped by
the government with a universal value, made
legal tender and receivable for all dues, would
constitute a true measure of values. Can the
government create something out of nothing ?
It can cancel all debts by refusing aid in their
collection, provided the debtors are dishonest
enough to refuse payment; and the mating of
a worthless thing legal tender is only to assist
scoundrels in repudiating their obligations!
This opens to our view a charming moral pros-
We are told that the government can create
out of nothing a measure of values as well as a
measure of quantitiesthat a piece of paper
stamped one dollar would be just as certain
a measure of one dollars worth of wheat or
what not, as a stick three feet long is a certain
measure of a yard in quantity, or an half bushel
box is a measure of so much in quantity of
cprn. The error of this is clear, because every
one can see that in both the yard-stick and a
piece of cloth three feet long we have precisely
the same thing in quantity. They are equal in
all respects as to quantity, to wit: a yard. But
it is not so with a gold dollar and a piece of
irredeemable and unpayable paper stamped
one dollar because the one is a dollar of
value and measures a dollar in value of wheat
or cloth ; while the other has no value and can
measure no value even by arbitrary power.
What the yard-stick is to quantity the gold dol-
lar is to value, and accordingly the illustration
is against the new theory. In the case of the
stamped paper dollar the measure and the
thing measured are not equal, as is the case
with the yard-stiok and three feet of cloth.
Governments have often tried to make half
a dollars worth of gold equal to a dollar, hut
they never succeeded except in swindling for
their treasuries and in enabling rascals to swin-
dle their creditors. When James II. coined pot-
metal, door knobs, also cannon, etc., and made
a currency of one sixty-fourth part its nominal
value, the merchants at once marked up the
prices of their goods to the same level, and the
government was compelled to threaten confis-
cation and deatli in order to force them to take
his coin for its nominal value. Governments
cannot make muoh progress in biting the chains
of nature and trampling down natural law. It
is quite a novel idoa that government can make
something out of nothing. It is even still a ques-
tion whether Omnipotence itself ever created
anything out of nothing. An old philosophical
maxim is that from nothing nothing comes,
and this writer seriously doubts whether the
new greenback will reverse that maxim by
showing how something can come of nothing.
The new money evangelists will not succeed
in dethroning the natural horn and natural
crowned king of the monetary system. He
can no more be driven from his eternal throne
than the sun can be cast out of the centre of
the solar system. A war upon nature is not the
way to establish natural justice. The only ef-
fectual method is to break down the barriers
which usurping governments have set up against
natural law. Man cries out to be let alone in
the enjoyment of his natural rights. All that is
asked of governments is to guaranty those rights
to all and leave the people free to work with
God and nature in achieving their freedom and
happiness. U^der a just system, interest on
money will come down to two or three per
cent. High interest is solely the result of com-
batting nature, and our friends will only ag-
gravate the difficulty by increasing the warfare.
L. A. BINE VS TEE NATIONAL LABOR
In answer to article No. 2, by L. A. Hine, Esq.,
I would say that one of two propositions is
true : either that money is a material substance
and the power of money inheres in every val-
uable commodity, independently of any act of
government, or it must be a principle which,
like that of mathematics, the lever and all other
philosophical principles is coexistent with Deity.
The theory that gold was created by God for
money is too preposterous to be entertained by
any sane person for a moment. If it was creat-
ed for that purpose, why was it not furnished in
quantities to suit the wants of the people ? No
living man, no man that has lived for many
generations past, has seen the time when the
business of the world has been done with coin ?
It is far more reasonable to conclude that des-
pots, tyrants, Shylocks and Christian bankers
have crowned and proclaimed gold king, for the
reason that it is a sure, safe and easy way to rob
the toiling millions of the fruits of their honest
Even friend Hine will admit that no one but
a miser gets money for the sole purpose of look-
ing at and hoarding it. The use of money is
to exchange the products of one or more peg-
sons for that of others. I take a dollar for my
days work in the shop, on the farm or in the
pulpit, because it measures the value of my
days work ; and it will pay my debts, purchase
my tea, bread, clothing, or can be loaned for an
income ; nor do I stop to inquire of what ma-
terial it is made ; all that it is necessary for me
to know is, that it is the lawful money of the
Money may properly be said to be an evi-
dence of indebtedness. A labors a week for
D, and receives ten dollars in money which is
evidence that A has created, or in some way in-
creased so much the amount of actual value for
the community and of course he is eutitied to
receive in return from C or from any one else,
who has it for sale, an equal amount of actual
value in exchange for his ten dollars. The ten
dollars are now evidence of indebtedness in the
hands of C just as they were before in the hands
of A or D.
Again, the value of money is representative,
and only representative, whether its material be
gold or paper ; for the moment gold is coined it
sinks out of sight its intrinsic value and takes
its representative character or legal value.
When gold coin is converted into a spoon or a
watch-case, it ceases fo have power to discharge
debts and becomes a commodity ; it ceases to
Again, it would seem to any thinking mind as
reasonable to assert that a note of hand to make
it valuable, should be writen on gilt paper, in
letters of gold, with a gold pen, as to say that
the mere representative should be of the same
intrinsic value as the thing represented. This
we do know, that the yard of cloth measured
with a basswood or a walnut yard-stick, is just
as durable and just as long as the yard of cloth
measured with a gold yard-stick ; and a bushel
of wheat or the pound of meat purchased with a
paper dollar has the same nourishment as the
one purchased with a gold dollar.
Again, we deem it as preposterous to demand
that the material of the measure of value shall
be equal in value to the commodity or thing
measured, as it would be to require the repre-
sentative in Congress to possess all the ability
in every respect of each and all of his constitu-
ency. When man makes steelyards or scales,
or when he solves a problem in mathematics,
he does not make principles, neither when he
coins money does he make the principle, but
only expresses it on some material, and fits it
for use. In conclusion, it is far easier for friend
Hine to apply the epithet scoundrel, rascal and
swindler to those who differ with him in opinion,
than to manfully refute their arguments. More
anon. w. h. c.
SEVEN PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD
The First Mortgage Seven per Cent. Sinking
Fund Bonds of the Bockford, Bock Inland and
St. Louis Railroad Company, pay both Princi-
pal and Interest in GOLD COIN, Fbee of GOV-
Each Bond is for $1,000 or $2,000 Sterling, and
is convertible into stock at the option of the
holder. The coupons are payable Feb. 1st and
Aug. 1st, in New York or London, at the option
of the holder.
Tlie Boad runs from Bockford in Northern
Illinois to St Louis, a distance including tracks
to Coal Mines, etc., of about ICO miles, and
traverses the finest district of Illinois.
The Bonds have 50 years to run, and are a
lien of $21,000 per mile upon the Company's
railroad franchises, in coal-landsof which it
has 20,000 acres containing A HUNDRED MIL-
LION TONS OF COALits rolling stock, and
property of every sort
A subscription of $8,800,000, at par, to the
Capital Stock of the Company, furnishes a large
part of the means required to construct and
equip the road.
Nearly half the entire length of the road is
graded and substantially ready for the iron ;
the rails are now arriving upon the line. The
first division, giving an outlet to the coal, will
be in operation in 60 days, and track-laying will
from this time be prosecuted with the utmost
energy till the last rail is in position. The Com-
pany intend to have the road in readiness for
the Autumn business of 1869.
The Bonds are for sale at 97Â§ and accrued in-
terest in currency, and maybe obtained through
bankers and brokers throughout the country, or
at the office of the Company, 12 Wall Bteeet,
The trustees for the Bondholders is the Union
Trust Company of New York.
Pamphlets giving full information sent on ap-
E. E. BOOBY, Treasurer.
THE MOSEY MARKET
was easy throughout the week at 5 to 6 per cent, for call
loans, and discounts, for first-class names, range from 7
to 8 per cent. The weekly bank statement shows expan-
sion, the loans being Increased $3,294,994, while the legal
tenders are decreased $1,159,738, and the specie $1,546,-
676. The circulation is increased $89,495 and the de-
The following table shows the changes in the New
Yor's city banks compared with the preceding week :
Nov. 21. Nov. 28. Differences
Loans, $261,091,063 $254,886,057 Inc. $3,294,994
Specie, 17,388,153 15,786,277 Dec. 1,546,875
Circulation, 34,195,068 34,284,568 Inc. 89,495
Deposits, 184,110,340 187,418,835 Inc. 3,808,495
Legal-tenders, 68,599,944 62,440,206 Dec. 1,159,738
THE GOLD MARKET
was steady throughout the week, add firm and advanced
at the close.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week-were
as follows :
Opening. Highest, Lowest. Closing.
Monday,Nov. 23,134% 134% 134 184%
Tuesday, 24, 134% 134% 134% 184%
Wednesday, 25, 134% 135% Thursday, 26, Thanksgiving 134% 185%
Friday, 27, 135% 135% 135 135%
Saturday, 28, 134% 135% 134% 135%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
waa quiet and steady at the close, and prime banters 60
days sterling bills were quoted 109% to 109%, and sight
110 to 110%. Francs on Paris banters long5.i7% to
to 5.16%, and sort 6.15 to 6.13%. Cotton sterling bills
were offered at 108% to 108%, and Francs 521%,
THE RAILWAI SHARE MARKET
was active and buoyant with an advance in prices owing
to the ease in the money market, and the general im-
pression that no further effort will be made to create an
The following are the closing quotations :
Cumberland 40 to 40% ; W., F. & Co., 27 to 27% ;
American, 47 to 47% ; Adams, 50% to 50% ; U. States, 47
to 47%; Merchants Union, 19 % to 19%; Quicksilver, 23%
to 24; Canton, 51 to51%; Pacific Mail, 118% to 118%; W.
U. Tel., 36% to 37 ; N. Y. Central, 129 to 129% ; Erie,
39% to 39% ; do. preferred, 60 to 61 ; Hudson River,
130% to 130%; Reading, 99% to to 99% ; 'Wabash, 59
to 59% ; MU. & St. P. 71% to 72 ; do. preferred,
89% to 90; Fort Wayne, 112% to 112% ; Ohio &
Miss., 31% to 31% ; Mich. Central, 118 to 120% ; Mich.
South, 89% to 89%; 111. Central, 142 to 144 ; Pitts-
burg, 88% to 89 ; Toledo, 101 to 101% ; Rock Island,
108% to 109; North West, 88% to 85%; do. preferred, 84%
to 88%; B. W. Power, 15 to 15%; B., H. & Erie, 27 to 28 :
Atlantic Mail, 10 to 25; Mariposa, 6 to 6% do. preferred,
22 to 22%.
'UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were active throughout the greater part of the week, the
1862,s advancing at one time as high as 113%. At the
close, however, the market became irregular and fluc-
tuating, the 1862's falling to 111% and the 1867s to 110%
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
United States sixes, registered, 1881, 114% to 115 ;
United States sixes, coupon, 1881,115 to 115% ; United
States five-twenties, registered, 1862, 106% to 107 ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1862, 111% to 112%;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1864, 107% to 107%;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1865, 108 to 108% ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1865, January and
July, 110% to 310% ; United States five-twenties, cou-
pon, 1867, 110% to 110% ; United States five-twenties,
coupon, 1868, 110% to 111; United States ten-forties,
registered 103% to 104 ; United States ten-lorties, cou-
pon, 105 to 106.
THE CUSTOM DUTIES
for the week were $1,789,000 in gold against $1,811,000
$1,713,000 and $1,977,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $5,320,493
in gold against $3,657,355, $3,594,524, and $3,363,311 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $3,261,984 iu currency against $3,775,896, $2,943,-
195, and $3,121,997 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $642,1U5 against $22,100, $252,050
and $264,829 for the preceding weeks.
Dr. B. Ferry, Dermatologist, No. 49 Bond
street, N. Y., treats with special Prescriptions,
Falling, Loss and Prematurely Gray Hair, Dan-
druff, Itching, Eczema, Ringworm, Scald Heads,
and all diseases of the scalp which destroy the
hair. The doctor permanently cures (by per-
sonal attention) Moles and Wens without cut-
ting, pain or scars. Also Comedones (.black
worms or grubs), Moth Patches, Freckles, Un-
natural Bed Noses, Pimpley Faces, and all cu-
taneous eruptions and scaley disquamations
upon the face or other parts ot the body.
No charge for consultation.
Send for interrogatory circular.
llE COMMC NIST-
Published monthly, by the Reunion Community,
now successfully established in Southwest Missouri
advocates common property, co-operative labor and
unitary homes. Fifty cents per year. Specimen copies
tent free. Address
816 Chestnut street,Sr- Louis, Mo.
ANTEDMale and Female Agents for
the Connecticut Mutual Benefit Company.
Apply at Branch Office, No. 486 Broadwy, Cor. Broome
street, N, Y.
. BENEDICT BROTHERS,
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches. Very low
price. Send for price list.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, ^BOTHERS, Jewelers,
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
ARE NOW FINISHED, AND THE
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL SOON BE COMPLETED.
The means providedfor construction are ample, and
there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Company's first mortgage
bonds, payable, pbinoepal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS.
Every Novelty of Style and Material.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Boys and Youths Suits and Overcoats.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods.]
SELF-MEASUREMENT at FREEMAN &
NEW RULES for SELF-MEASUREMENT enable
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with the certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price Li; fc mailed tree on application.
FREEMAN & BURRS Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y.
MISS CARRIE N. THOMAS, ROCKPORT,
N. Y., Translator of German into English. Es-
says, books, advertisements translated accurately.
Address as above.
Rich and racy reading ; scienti-
fic, LITERARY ; ALL FOR THE FAMILY.
THE PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL for December con-
tains Henri Rochefort, Editor of the Paris Lantern; Dr.'
F. Williamson; Frau Marie Simon, her work on the
battle-field ; Archbishop Manning ; Rev. Dr. Stookton ;
Phrenology in the School-room ; the Human Body;
Earning a Wife; Inhabitants of Brazil; Do as others
do; Miraculous Healing; Religion and-Nature ; Pro-
gress in Co-operation ; The Mink. The 49th Volume
commences next number. Terms, $3 a year. Newsmen
have it. Address S. R. WELLS, No, 389 Broadway, New
rjlHE MOTHER AT HOME,
To be edited by
MBS. HEHRY WARD BEECHER,
with the aid of the most desirable womanly talents, as
the successive issues will show.
To be published monthly. Size, 32 pages, 8vo. Price,
$1.50 per annum in advance.
The first number, dated January, 1869, will be issued
early in December.
Full Prospectus is now ready for circulation.
. HOSFORD & SONS, Publishers,
57 William street.
THE STATE LEAGUE, A POLITICAL
Temperance Journal18th Volume$2 per year
less to Clubs. Forty columns, eight pages. Every
father should provide his boys with this radical sheet.
Clubs desired. Write us.
CARSON & GARDNER,
Syracuse, N. Y.
TV/PRS. J. B. JONES, M.D., PHYSICIAN,
It I Surgeon and Accoucheur, 186 Newark Avenue,
Jersey City;. Office hours, from 8 to 10 a.m. and 7 to 9
Special attention to female diseases, 2Jpy
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York,--at the COM-
PANYS OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and by the
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the United
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
ONE OF THOSE BOOKS WHICH BELONG TO THE
CLASS OF DEEDS, NOT WORDS.
BY ANNA E. DICKINSON.
1 von....16mo.....Pbioe, $1.60.
The book is a solemn, earnest, thrilling, enthusiastic
appeal, in which a noble woman, herself at ease, blessed
with flattering friends, with applause, with admiration*
takes all in her hand, and risks all in pleading the cause
of the poorest, the most maligned and scorned of God'
creatures. In the form of a story she makes a most
condensed, earnest, and powerful appeal to the heart,
and conscience of this American nation on tbe sin of
What gives this story its awful power is its truth.
Habbiet Beecbeb Stowe.
I wish that every person of maturity throughout the
length and breadth of the land may read it. Many of
the most remarkable incidents of the war of the rebel-
lion are woven together by the thread of an interesting
story, told in a dashing, spirited style. 8ome defects it
has; but, in comparison with its merits, they are too
unimportant to dwell upon.Lydia Mabia Child.
I have read far enough to be greatly interested in it,
and to wish that a copy were in the hand of every voter.
God bless Anna Dickinson for this beautiful and effective
testimony against the infernal spirit of caste 1 Gebbit
. It is full of genuine feeling eloquently expressed,
and is pervaded by a sublime sympathy with the op-
pressed and by a high and beneficent purpose. We are
made to feel, in reading the book, that it is the work of
a brave woman, one who has broken away from tbe dull
and beaten path of prejudice and of conventional usage,
and has the courage to follow withersoever the truth
may lead.Fbedebigk Douglass.
*** For sale by all booksellers. Sent post paid on re-
ceipt of price, by the Publishers,
TICKNOR & FIELDS, Boston,
18 4 and 63 Bleecker street, N. Y.
rjYHREE SEWING MACHINES IN ONE
FOR TEN DOLLARS.
The Bruen Cloth Plate enables the Wheeler & Wilson
Machine to make tbree different stitches, and to Em-
broider beautifully. It will make a stick that can be
raveled, or one that cannot be raveled# as may be re-
quired. It will make a plain stick that is ornamental.
It will sew from two ordinary spools of cotton or silk,
without rewinding or filling bobbins *
BRUEN MANUFAOTI RING CO.,
1669 Bio dway, New'York,
B$*Lady Agents Wanted,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
RUNNING WEST FBOM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT,
JgMPIBE SEWING MACHINE,
RECEIVED THE FIRST PRIZE
GREAT FAIR OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE,
In New Fork, Oct 26, 1867,
AND HIGHEST PREMIUM FOB
BEST MANUFACTURING MACHINE
PARIS EXPOSITION, JULY, 1867.
EMPIRE SEWING MACHINE CO.,
291 Bowery, New Fork,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
JJOME LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
258\BROADWAF, NEW FORE.
ASSETS, TWO MILLION DOLLARS. 10,000 MEMBERS.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. Bat tor every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fond
designed for his loved ones when be has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
Its Directors are among the first men tor character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as -carefully selected as that of any
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are all personally interested in its afEairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
Its assured are not confined to certain degress of long-
titude, but are free to travel and reside where they
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefally ascer-
tained annually, and DIVIDED to its members in exaot
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to paymore than two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
. manent loan (without notes) to be paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
It resists every attempt to rcb its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailing pretences.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested.
to'F f i c Â£ b e :
WALTER S. GRIFFITH, President.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
ISAAC FROTHINGHAM. Treasurer.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
Ti/fETROPOLITAN SAYINGS BANK,
lVJL New Marble Fire-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 8 Third Avenue, New Fork, opposite Coopeb Insti-
SIS PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON ALL SUMS
FROM $6 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit.!
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
October, and moneys deposited oh or before the 20th of
these months draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
38 Beekman St. top floor]
IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE INSUR-
The homoeopathic mutual life
No. 231 Broadway, New Fork,
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic1
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium,.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
ALL POLICIES NON-FORFEIT ABLE.
CAPITAL, PREMIUMS, AND DIVIDENDS ALL CASH.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow trom life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., toe vindication of a cause,
toe cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have toe sj mpatoy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in toe only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in toe Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in toe Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New Fork.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
Send for Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President
JAMES CUSHING, Jb., V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STAN8BURF, Secretary.
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Asst Secy.
STEWART L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
E. M. Kellogg, M.D. 1 .
J. W. Mitchell, M.D. } Me<3ical Examiners.}
At office daily from iQ M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
Db. John Tubneb, 725 Tremont street, Boston.
Reynell & Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
Charles G. Wightman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. PhillIBs, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. MAnagAT.T., Aurora, Hlinois, for North Western
Irving Van Wart, Jb., Pittsfield, for four Western
Counties oi Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
attorneys and counsellors at law,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New Yore.
WILLIAM GARDNER, TREASURE CITY
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sals of mining property.
Samples of the ore can he seen at the office of The
DR. a. SMITHS WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reading, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon Talley Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
Wemersville, Berks Co., Pa.
JJLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
a 11 hin/ta of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use. at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litoo
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
JÂ£XIT OF CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK;
A TALE OP CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY AND CRU-
It treats Catholicism, Uuiverkalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Womans Rights andFiee-
Divorce as candidly as Hepworth Dixon or Parton.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size_Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Affords volumes of suggestions.Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued. Bold sometimes brilliant.Pbila. City Item.
Large 8 vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New Fork ; A. Winch, Phila.N. E. News Co., Boston.
[See advertisement Oct. 8.1_________________15 17
jyÂ£RS. E. V. BURNS,
Carlisle Building, 4th and Walnut streets, Cin-
Dealer in all Phonographic and Phonotypic Instruction
books, Charts, and Stationery.
Send stamp for circulars and price list
Instiuction given at toe class-room or by mail in toe
newest, briefest easiest, and most complete method of
Phonographic Reporting. Terms, $10 for a lull course
of 12 lessons. Instruction-books furnished tree to
pupils. 16 18
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with toe city, for
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Places New
J)R. TRALL'S HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, h. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids; a College
Department for toe Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth Ave., N. F. Send stamp for Circulars.
LEVELAND HOMCEOPATHIC COLLEGE
AND HOSPITAL FOB WOMEN.
The Winter Course of Lectures will begin toe Second
Monday in November and end about toe first of Marcb.
All branches of Medical Science thoroughly taught by
the able Professors. Clinical advantages unsurpassed.
A rare opportunity for women to become educated and
For farther information address
WM. E. SAUNDERS, M.D., Register,
No. 195 Erie st., Cleveland, O.
RINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVEBY DESCRIPTION.
EVERT FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New Fork,
J^Â£RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST.,LOUIS,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
EW YORK MEDICAL COLLEGE FOR
Women, will begin their Sixth Annual Term of
twenty weeks, at their new College in Twelith street, cor-
ner of Second avenue, toe first Monday in November
For Announcements, giving full particulars, address, '
with stamps, the Dean, Mrs. C. S. LOZIER, M. D., or
the Secretory, Mis. C. F. WELLS, Box 730, N. Y.
J^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
No. 15 Beekman Sfc., New York.
ALL KINDS AND SIZES OF PAPEB MADE TO OBDBB.
ENEDIOTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landing.
City Map sent by mail, 25 cents.
BENEDICT BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 Broadway, N. F.