The Revolution

Material Information

The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text

!)f Jiriuiliiiini!.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
To Subscribers.How to Send Monet.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay*
able to the order o/Susan B. Anthony.
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many of the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been sent to us with-
out any loss. ^
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of the postmaster,
and take his receiptfor it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
give one copy of
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement.
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
inson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd. ^
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give one copy of
Price $1.26.
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 80 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full-Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 40 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett. Price,
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Ladys Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $75,
For 100 Subscribers, an elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time,
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
[Every person receiving a copy of this 'petition is
earnestly desired to put it in immediate and thorough
circulation for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Womans Suffrage Association of America,
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.] -
To the Senate and House of Representatives, in
Congress Assembled:
The undersigned citizens of the State of------
earnestly but respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
and women.
Philadelphia, Dec. 5, 1868.
Dear Revolution : In company with Mrs.
Miller, daughter of Hon. Gerrifc Smith, we
waited on Gov. Geary yesterday, with the me-
morial from the Working Womans National As-
sociation, asking a pardon for Hester Vaughan,
now lying in a Philadelphia prison, under sen-
tence of death, for the alleged crime of Infan-
We took the night train, and reaching Har-
risburg at four oclock, were summoned to the
ungracious duty of coming forth into the cold
morning air to decide what the next step should
be. It is on such occasions, mid darkness and
strangers, that one appreciates the genus homo ;
however, being thrown upon our own resources,
we asked the conductor which was the best
Hotel in Harrisburg. The Lochiel, he
promptly replied, which at once suggested to us
the ominous lines of Campbell, Lochiel !
Lochiel! beware t>f the'day, and as we entered
the long, dark omnibus, we gazed furtively about,
feeling there might be worse things at hand to
beware of, than what lay in the dim future.
However, we reached the Hotel in safety, found
a comfortable room, where we resumed the
threads of our dreams until breakfast, which
with the exception of tne coffee (chickory ?)
was good. The attendants, from Africs burn-
ing sands, were attentive and obliging. We
were much struck with the fine head and chis-
eled features of one tall black man, who looked
thoroughly Saxon in everything but color. On
inquiry, we found his Excellency, the Governor,
was at home, so we ordered a carriage, and went
to the Executive Mansion. We were somewhat
ashamed of our outfit. The carriage was old
and dilapidated, and our white male driver
presented rather an untidy and limped appeal -
anc'e with one leg of nis pantaloons turned up
and the other dragging on the ground.
We were told that as the Governor had been
out to a party the night before until one oclock,
we would find him still at his house. But in
spite of late horns he was already at the Capi-
tol attending to the duties of the Executive de-
We queried, as we rode along, as to the prob-
able frame of mind in which we might find his
Excellency, and suggested to our companion,
that with late hours, salads, oysters, ice cream,
coffee (and perhaps something stronger), we
might find him in a rather dyspeptic condition,
which would eclipse for a time the nobler sen-
timents of courtesy, justice, and mercy, but
she promptly repudiated the suggestion, and
expressed her confidence that inasmuch as he
had been in the society of ladies, probably trip-
ping the light fantastic toe, in the giddy waltz
or graceful quadrille, or exalted by their influ-
ence into the diviner realms of sentiment and
affection, we should no doubt find him in a most
philanthropic state of mind. In this hope we
alighted at tie Capitol, which, by the way, is
an unpretending brick building. Everything
was in a state of busy preparation for the open-
ing of the Legislature in the second weak of
January. It seems they allow their legislators
a little time to steady themselves after the jo-
vialities of the Holy day9, before entering on
the important business of the state. Seeing a
group of workmen standing under the dome,
w e asked if some one would show us to the Gov-
ernors apartments. One old man, with a bas-
ket of apples on his arm, said he would do him-
self the honor.
As we went along, we inquired what the peo-
ple generally-thought of their Governor ? Iam
a democrat and he a republican, he archly re
plied, so my opinion would not be worth much,
but I suppose the people of Pennsylvania be-
lieve in him or they would not have elected him.
After mounting the staircase and pausing to take
breath (as we did not wish to enter his Excel-
lencys presence in a palpitating condition), we
knocked at the door, an attendant promptly ap-
peared, and we were ushered into a large, pleas-
ant room. We then gave him our cards and a
letter of introduction from the world-known
Editor of the Tribune which we secretly prayed
the Governor, in an adjoining apartment, would
be able to read.
Whilst he was deciphering that epistle and
arranging his cravat, glossy black hair and a be-
nevolent smile for our reception, we had abun-
dant time to observe our surroundings. The
floor was covered with a bright brussels carpet,
a coal stove and a large table occupied the cen-
tre of the room; near each leg of the table stood
a large spittoon, capable of holding at least half
a gallon of rejected tobacco juice, and in a re-
mote comer stood another of these symbols of
legislative wisdom. Such a bountiful provision
for this manly indulgence led us to fear that the
Executive mouth might be disfigured with little
streams of tobacco juice quietly meandering
from either side through his beard, but we were
pleasantly disappointed. The ceiling was deco-
rated with portraits of all the Governors, from
William Penn down to Governor Curtin, smiling
benevolently, as if enjoying our meniment over


!! V m '. - 1 1 .
th large spittoons. We were specially attracted
by a glass case filled with time-worn documents,
on which lay a fine engraving of Robert Living-
ton. As that is the name of our youngest son,
as well as the maternal ancestor of both mem-
bers of the committee, and the first Livingston
who found his way to these shores, we felt an
electric thrill through our veins as we contem-
plated- hisr noble face, while his lips seemed to
siy, Welcome, my descendants, on your mis-
sion of mercy. As the soldiery of your native
state did well to rush to the defence of Pennsyl-
vania when her soil was pollutedby the confeder-
ate invaders, and no son of her own came to the
rescue save Jimmy Burns of Gettysburg, so the
noble women of New York have done well to fly
to the rescue of Hester Vaughan ; and, in obedi-
ence to the apostle Paul, not to forsakethe assem-
bling of themselves together as the manner of
Philadelphians is (Heb. x: 24), but father to
hold a meeting in Cooper Institute, and appoint
a committee, to provoke, if need be, the daugh-
ters of Pennsylvania to love aadgooi works.
We were startled from our communion with
the spirit land by the usher who announc-
ed that the Governor was ready to receive us,
and we soon stood in the august presence
of the hero of Lookout Mountain, who had been
so famous in the Kansas embroglio. The Gov-
emer is a handsome man, of good manners,
imposing presence, liberal views, and benevo-
lent feelings, and we feel sure that we
should have had a more pleasant and unre-
strained interview, had it not been for has stern
secretary in spectacles who maintained his po-
sition in the corner, occasionally throwing in a
cold, curt remark, as if to remind the Governor
that he had duties and interests as a politician
as well as a man, and that he must manifest no
tender emotions that might reflect on the bar
of the State, as the judges, jurors and advocate
in the cose of Hester Vaughan^were all voters
and would have a voice in his re-election. Dr.
Gihon is said to be a most excellent man, but
we did wish him iu the bosom of his family for
that one hour. As it was, two against two, in
the present undeveloped state of the feminine
intellect we found ourselves sorely taxed, as we
were compelled not only to defend Hester
Vhughan against the bar of Philadelphia, the
creeds, codes and conventionalisms of the day,
but the great State of New York against her
seeming interference with the jurisdiction of a
neighboring stats. In vain we expressed the
magnanimous sentiment, that the world was
our country, and all women-kind our 'country-
women, that no state lines coul i limit human
sympathy, the Governor invariably returned to
the point that the women of Pennsylvania had
already quietly moved* in this matter, and, as if
to substantiate the assertion, he produced'from
an adjoining pigeon-hole a bundle of letters and
petitions, far more voluminous, he said, that any
he had received from New York. He farther
stated that he. had never'signed the death war-
rant of Hester Vaughan, and that we might
rest assured she was safe iu his hands.
Such being the case, we urged that a safety
within the walls of a prison might not be the
most desirable to an innocent woman, and that
if the justice of the case had moved him to a
stay of proceedings, mercy demanded that the
prisoner should experience its benefits by a
speedy release from her long and severe incar-
ceration, never having been permitted to walk
in the corridors either before or after her trial.
To this his Excellency replied, that he had
given much patient thought to prison disci
pline, and hoped to so improve the whole system
of that state as to make Pennsylvania an ex-
ample that other states might follow. Knowing
the disgraceful condition of The Tombs in
New York, where a thousand church spires point
to heaven, we promptly replied, we were re-
joiced that his mind was turned to that sub-
ject, and we hoped onr Governor would follow
his example.
lieturning to Hester Vaughan, his Excellency
remarked that justice would never be done in
cases of Infanticide, until women were in the
jury-box. This opinion shows that the Gover-
nor has either thought profoundly on this sub-
ject, or read the resolutions passed at the
Cooper Institute meeting. This being the
opinion of the Executive, we shal 1 look for a
speedy movement among the women of Penn-
sylvania, demanding that the statute, providing
that minors, slaves, idiots, lunatics, criminals
and women, shall not be jurors be amended
by striking out the work women.
After spending over an hour with the Gover-
nor, who was gracious and genial (barring the
undercurrent of wounded state pride) we arose
to depart. Among the many kind words on
leaving, hesaid, Present my regards to Horace
Greeley, and say to Mm that he is one of the
distinguished men of onr times for whom I
have felt great admiration and esteem. Speak-
ing of the Hon. Gerrit Smith, we told him that
he was onr kinsman, he must excuse what might
seem to him uncalled for sympathy on our part
as philanthropy was a family mania. A mania,
his Excellency graciously remarked, which be
admired, and with which he himself was some-
what affected.
He then called our. attention to one part of the
interview as strictly confidential, of wMch we
shall inform our readers when the proper time
comes, unless his secretary forestalls ns by un-
guarded communications to the Associated
In bidding him adieu, we expressed the great
pleasure we feltinfiading that there had been
a simulantaneous movement in behalf of the pris-
oner in both the great states of Pennsylvania
and New York, and we hoped the fact would
arouse an added zeal on his part for her speedy
release. The secretary then handed us a letter,
signed by the Governor, to Mr. Chandler, one
.of the Prison Inspectors, asking for a free pass
to the cell of Hester Vaughan.
Wc then drove to the Executive Mansion, and
had a pleasant interview with Mrs. Geary. She
is a splendid women, who in every way graces
the position she occupies. She expressed deep
sympathy with Hester Vaughan, and in the
prison improvements her husband now pro-
poses. She invited us to walk through her
house, which is elegantly furnished, and kept
with exquisite neatness and order. It is situat-
ed on the banks of the Susquehana, and when
everything is green and fresh it must be a beau-
tiful spot. As we were to take the train at
twelve for Philadelphia, we were obliged to
make a hurried call. We then hastened to the
Hotel, seized our carpet bags, paid our bill, (an
act often overlooked by carpet baggers ) and
reached the cars just in time, and as we whizzed
along, we talked over the events of the morn-
ing, of the many bright things we should have
said, and laughed at some of the Governors
blunders in physiology, and his endeavors
to treat us with politeness, without detriment tp
the state of Pennsylvania.
Six oclock found us under the hospitable roof
of Chapman Biddle, Esq., a.relative of the dis-
tinguished Banker, where we discussed the le-
gal points of the case, the Philadelphia bar, the
Governors career, and matters and things in
General. The next day we went to the Moy-
amensing prison.
The Governors letter opened the doors to us
at once, and we were ushered into Mr. Chand-
lers office, where he sat correcting a letter
of Hester Vaughans to the women of the Em-
pire State, saying that she wished us to hold no
more meetings, or make any expressions of
public sympathy in her behalf, as she feared it
might embarrass Executive action in her case,
and prolong her suffering. After hearing the
letter, we remarked that, of course, Hester did
not setf that such a letter would be a grave re-
flection on those in whose hands her life was.
To suppose for a moment that any unwise ac-
tion in a sister state could interfere with the
proposed justice and mercy to a helpless crim-
inal was an evidence of a want of knowledge of
the high character of the Governor of Pennsyl-
vania, who had told us that he had not signed
the death warrnat, and never should do so. It
was evident that this letter had been prompted
by some outside influence, and Mr. Chandler,
probably, took that view of the case and decided
not to send it.
We found Mr. Chandler a genial, benevolent-
looking old gentleman, though when we first
met him, and he ascertained from the Gover-
nors letter that we were from New York, he
poured out the vials of his wrath on the Cooper
Institute meeting, the New York press, and the
Working Womens Association ; but when he
found the committee were calm, cool, collected
personages, able to stand fire, and kinsman of
Gerrit Smith, who had been his associate in
Congress, and for whom he expressed great re-
gard anc^ respect, most friendly relations were
at once established. He complained that some
of our papers had ridiculed him for coming
down to Prison Inspector after having repre-
sented the republic in foreign courts, and the
great commonwealth of Pennsylvania in Con-
gress. We assured him if any such things had
been said, it must have been by some envious
politicians in his own state. That bis name was
mentioned with great respect in the Cooper In-
stitute meeting, and in our daily journals. In
exalting his present position, we told Mm we
thought he had never keljl a higher office. No
father could have been kinder than he has to
the unfortunate Hester Vaughan, and he has al-
ready made great improvements in the arrange-1
ments of the prison for the comfort of those
under his supervision.
He escort:d us through the wingof the prison
where the women are incarcerated, and gave us
many interesting accounts of the inmates. At
last we paused at the door of Hester Vaughans
cell, and saw her innocent face through the
wicket for the first time. She returned a sad ,
earnest, questioning look, as her eye scanned the
group that gathered around her door, wMch was
at once thrown open, and with trembling heart
we entered.
On seeing the poor girl, our interest in her
was greatly intensified, and we felt more than
ever convinced of her innocence. Hester is a
short, stout girl, with a round head, high broad
forehead, au open, benevolent face, light brown
hair, soft blue eyes and'fair complexion. She
has a quiet, ^ elf-possessed manner, and is gentle
in her movements and speech. She can read
and write, and is very intelligent for one of her
class. She showed us several of Leigh Rich-
monds stories that she had been reading, and

exhibited undergarments that she had made that
were very neatly embroidered. Everything^
about her indicates *a taste for order, cleanli-
ness and beauty.
As we were left alone with her, we had a full,
free talk of more than an hour. She went over
the tragic scenes of the last year. She told us
of her desertion in a strange land, of her be-
trayal and disgrace, of her wretchedness, despair
and suffering, of her cruel arrest and exposure,
dragged by men, in the depth of winter, from a
bed of sickness to the station-house and prison,
when prudence and mercy alike should have
shielded her from the public gaze. She told us
of her mock trial, the judges, men! the jurors,
men! her advocate, a man! who toother last
cent, and never came near her till the day of
her trial, manifested no sympathy with her, and
made a meagre, feeble defence.
Mr. Chandler had told us of her agony after
the sentence. Returning from the court she met
him in the corridor and threw herself into his
arms, crying, Oh! save me! save me! I can-
not die! Her screams in the court room were
enough to touch the heart of any man not made
insensible [by reverence for false laws and
customs of his own creation ; and not one
there who could understand the sorrow and
temptation of woman, bankrubt in all she holds
dear, and betrayed, where, by all that is holy
in nature, she had a right to look for protection.
She told us of her young days, her home, how
much she feared her father might hear of her
disgrace. She said she wished she had given
some other name in court. When we told her
that the families with whom she had lived had
petitioned the 'Governor for her release, and
spoken in the highest terms of her devotion and
faithfulness to their interests ; Oh! yes, she
said, with great simplicity, I [never harmed
anyone but myself. Her cell is about eleven
feet square, has a large window that she can
open or shut at pleasure, water and heat at her
command, with a ventilator in the ceiling.
She has a trunk full of clothes, a number of
books, a table and two stools. She had asked
a chair, as she suffers greatly with pain in her
back, and cannot sit without leaning. Notioing
that she leaned against the cold wall, we told
her that the pain in her back was probably
rheumatism, and that that wculd increase it. If
there is no law against it, we hope some one of
the thousands of Philadelphia ladies, whom the
Governor told us were interested in Hesters
case,"will send her a chair. Whilst w;e were
there the door stood wide open. Oh! said
she, how pleasant it seems to have that door
open. You have no idea how dreadful it is to
be shut up all alone these long, dark nights, with
mice and cockroaches. I have had my fingers
bitten while sleeping. We mentioned tin's to a
gentleman in the corridor. He replied, A
prison is not a hotel.
As men are great sticklers for law, inasmuch
as mice and cockroaches were not a part of the
judges sentence, we trust such nuisances will
be speedily abated, as the unavoidable hardships
of prison life are more than most mortals can
endure without becoming idiots or lunatics.
In view of the jealousy expressed at the New
York sympathy for Hester Vaughan we asked
how many Philadelphia ladies had been in to
see her. She spoke of the frequent visits and
great kindness of Mrs. Dr. Smith. Once,
she said a lady came with her; and last Friday
(three days after the New York meeting) two
lad es came to see me ; that is all.
We agree with the Governor that the home

sympathy has been manifested with peculiar
quietness both by the press and people of Penn-
We have no reason to fear that the poor and
unfortunate will ever receive too much attention
either at home or abroad.
We trust the present excitement will teach
us, one and all, that we have an individual re-
sponsibility in the helpless ones now suffering
in our jails and prisons. If we could onlymake
the sorrows of others our own we should have
less patience with wrong and oppression.
It is remarkable, says Dean Swift, with
what Christian fortitude and resignation we can
bear the sufferings of other folks.
e. c. s.
Jonathan Walker of Muskegan, Mich.,
dont like B. F. Clarks recommendations as
given in a late Revolution under the above
head. He has tried the Homestead law system
pretty thoroughly, and after much experience
he says:
I candidly say, the sooner the Homestead law, in
its present form, is repealed, the better for the poor and
the landless, especially in the Northern States. More
than three-fourths of the homesteads taken up by the -
poor are abandoned, or sold to others at a loss of more
than three-fourths their cost, within two years, if not the
first year alter taken up. The settler, if he has a family,
gets discouraged; sickness, and often death, are the re.
suit ot isolation, hard fore, and exposure in new and
unsettled regions, where settlers can realize next to noth-
ing for their first years labor.
Mr. Clark thinks it a very easy thing lor a poor family
with verv small means to start off a thousand miles, into
the unsettled forest, and commence f6r th,e first time
clearing np new land. It is not true, Mend Clark, that
any man or woman in good health and able to work can
soon obtain a homestead of 160 acres of good land, if
they do try. They must have food and raiment, tools and
teams, and know, hoy to use them, and stay on the farm
four or five years beforo they can secure it. Mr. Clark
says: Lot ten families combine and select one to go
forward and locate the ten homesteads; ten can harmon-
ise 1 twenty will quarrel I Stuff, Mr. Clark. Again be
says, Let every house have a vacant room for the
stranger, and let the visitor know that he is welcome.
You will have villiage lots lor sale, and people will buy
them and give you one hundred dollars for each, which
is 1,200 an acre, or $192,000 for 160 acres, which cost $16.
Land speculation with a vengeance lor the poor home-
steaders I But where is the proof, Mr. Clark ?
The facts are, that the best lands everywhere that can
be made available are mostly in the hands of monopolies
and land speculators, and that which is not is often
taken np under the homestead law, stripped of the best
timber, and abandoned by the lumbermen as worthless.
Before the Homestead law was passed, poor people could
purchase government lands at the West for 50 cts. to
$1.25 per acre. The same lands now are sold at $1.25 to
$25.00 per acre, and poor people have preferred paying
those prices to taking up homesteads with their draw-
backs. Land monopolies and land speculators have
been a special curse to the working and industrial classes
of our country, resulting from bad legislation, and will
continue to be till the working people legislate for them-
selves, and not have it done by those who fleece them.
The present homestead bill is no remedy against the ex-
tending of the public domain.
Reverend Falstfxing.Somebody says it
takes uncommon sinners to commit uncommon
sins. A minister once uttered a most atro-
ciously false statement in our hearing, and a by-
stander, shocked as all were who heard it, said,
it takes a minister to tell such a story as
that. What would he say to read the follow-
ing from the Methodist Zion*s Herald ?
The Woman's Bights movement is becoming well
launched, and if it docs not get too much free love, seep
ticism and anti-churchism aboard, as The Revolu-
tion shows itto bo in danger of, it will become a speedy
3 55
To render mankind more virtuous, and hap-
pier of course, both sexes must act from the
same principle ; but how can that be expected
when o^y one is alibwed to see the reasonable-
ness of it? To render also the social compact
truly equitable, and in order to spread those en-
lightening principles, which alone can meliorate
the fate of man, women must be allowed to
found their virtue oh knowledge, which is
scarcely possible unless they are educated by
the same pursuits as men. For they are now
made so inferior by ignorance and low desires,
as not to deserve to be ranked with them ; or,
by the serpentine wrigglings of cunning, they
mount the tree of knowledge and only acquire
sufficient to lead men astray.
It is plain from the history of all nations, that
women cannot be confined to merely domestic
pursuits, for they will not fulfil family duties,
unless their minds take a wider range, and
whilst they are kept in ignorance, they become,
in the same proportion, the slaves of pleasure,
as they are the slaves of man. Nor can they be
shut out of great enterprises, though the nar-
rowness of their minds often makes them mar
what they are unable to comprehend.
The libertinism, and even the virtue%of supe-
rior men, will always give women of some de-
scription, great power over them ; and these
weak women, under the influence of childish
passions and selfish vanity, will throw a false
light over the objects which the very men view
with their eyes, who ought to eulighten
their judgment. Men of fancy, and those san-
guine characters who mostly hold the helm of
human affairs, in general, relax in the society of
women ; and surely I need not cite to the most
superficial reader of history, the numerous ex-
amples of vice and oppression which the private
intrigues of female favorites have produced ;
not to. dwell on the mischief that naturally
arises from the blundering interposition of well-
meaning folly. For in the transactions of busi-
ness it is much better to have to deal with a
knave than a fool, because a knave adheres to
some plan'; and any plan of reason may l?£
seen through much sooner than a sudden flight
of folly. The power which vile and foolish wo-
men have had over wise men, who possessed
sensibility, is notorious ; I shall only mention
one instance.
Who ever drew a more exalted female charac-
ter than Rousseau? though in the lump ho con-
stantly endeavored to degrade the sex. And
why was he thus anxious ? Truly to justify to
himself the affection which weakness and virtue
had made him cherish for that fool Theresa.
He could not raise her to the common level of
her sex ; and therefore he labored to bring wo-
man down to hers. He found her a conve-
nient humble companion, and pride made him
determine to find some superior virtues in the
being whom he chose to live with ; but did not
her conduct during his life, and after his death,
clearly show how grossly he was mistaken who
called her celestial, innocent. Nay, in the bit-
terness of his h e&rt, he himself laments, that
when his bodily infirmities made him no longer
treat her like a woman, she ceased to have an
affection for him. And it was very natural that

she should; for having eg few sentiments in
common, when the sexual tie^vas broken, wliat
was to hold her ? To hold her affection whose
sensibility was confined to one sex, nay, to one
man, it requires sense to turn sensibility into
the broad channel of humanity; many women
have not mind enough to have an affection for
a woman, or a friendship for a man. But the
sexual weakness that makes woman depend on
man for a subsistence, produces a kind of cat-
tish affection, which leads a wife to purr about
her husband, as she would about any man who
fed and caressed her.
Men, are, however, often gratified by this
kind of fondness which is confined in a beastly
manner to themselves, but should they ever be-
come more virtuous, they will wish to converse
at their fire-side with a friend, after they cease
to play with a mistress.
Besides, understanding is necessary to give
variety and interest to sensual enjoyments ; for
low, indeed, in the intellectual scale, is the
mind that can continue to love when neither
virtue nor sense give a human appearance to an
animal appetite. But sense will always pre-
ponderate ; and if women are not, in general,
brought more on a level with men, some supe-
rior women like the Greek courtezans will as-
semble the men of abilities around them, and
draw from their families many citizens, who
would have stayed at home, had their wives
had more sense, or the graces which result from
the exercise of the understanding and fancy, the
legitimate parents of taste. A woman of talents,
if she be pot absolutely ugly, will always obtain
great power, raised by the weakness of her sex ;
and in proportion as men acquire virtue and
delicacy, by the exertion of reason, they will
look for both in women, but they can only ac-
quire them in the same way that men do.
In France or Italy, have the women confined
themselves to domestic life ? though they have
not hitherto had a political existence, yet have
they not illicitly had great sway ; corrupting
themselves and the men with whose passions
they played? In short, in whatever light I
view the subject, reason and experience con-
vince me that the only method of leading wo-
men to fulfil their peculiar duties, is to free
them fr om all restraint by allowing them to par-
ticipate in the inherent rights of mankind.
Make them free, and they will quickly become
wise and virtuous, as men become more se;
for the improvement must be mutual, or the
justice which one half of thehumanrace are ob-
liged to submit to, retorting on their oppressors,
the virtue of man will be worm-eaten by the in-
sect whom he keeps under his feet.
Let mbn take their choice, man and woman
were made for each other, though not to become
one being; and if they will not improve wOr-
man, they will deprave them.
I speak of the improvement and emancipation
of the whole sex, for I know that the behavior
of a few women, who by accident, or following
a strong bent of nature, have acquired a portion
of knowledge, superior to that of the rest of
their sex, has often been overbearing; but there
have been instances of women who, attaining
knowledge, have not discarded modesty, nor
have they always pedantically appeared to de-
spise the ignorance which they labored to dis-
perse in their own minds. The exclamations,
then, which any advice respecting female learn-
ing, commonly produce, especially from pretty
women, often arise from envy. "When they
chance to see that even the lustre of their eyes,
and the flippant sportiveness of refined coquetry
will not always secure them attention, during a
whole evening, should a woman of a more culti-
vated understanding endeavor to give a rational
turn to the conversation, the common source of
consolation is, that such women seldom get
husbands. What arts have I not seen silly wo-
men use to interrupt by flirtation (a very signifi-
cant word to describe such a manoeuvre) a ra-
tional conversation, which made the men for-
get that they were pretty women.
But, allowing what is very natural to man
that the possession of rare abilities is really
calculated to excite overweening pride, disgust-
ing in both men and womenin what a state of
inferiority must the female faculties have rusted
when such a small portion of knowledge as
those women attained, who have sneeringly
been termed learned women, could be singular?
Sufficiently so to puff up the possessor, and ex-
cite envy in her contemporaries, and some of
the other sex. Nay, has not a little rationality
exposed many women to the severest censute?
I advert to well-known facts, for I have fre-
quently heard women ridiculed, and every little
weakness exposed, only because they adopted
the advice of some medical men, and deviated
from the beaten track in tbeir mode of treating
their infants. I have actually heard this barbar-
ous aversion to innovation carried still further,
and a sensible woman stigmatized as an unna-
tural mother who had been thus wisely solici-
tous to preserve the health of her children,
when in the midst of her care she lias lost one by
some of the casualties of infancy which no pru-
dence can ward off*. Her acquaintance have
observed, that this was the consequence of new-
fangled notions-^-the new-fangled notions of ease
and cleanliness. And those who, pretending to
experience, though they have long adhered to
prejudices that have, according to the opinion
of the most sagacious physicians, thinned the
human race, almost rejoiced at the disaster that
gave a kind of sanction to prescription.
Indeed, if it were only on this account, the
national education of women is of the utmost
' consequence ; for what a number of human sac-
rifices are made to that Moloch, prejudice! And
in how many ways are children destroyed by the
lasciviousness of man,! The want of natural
affection in many women, who are drawn from
their duty by the admiration of men, and the
ignorance of others, render the infancy of man
a much more perlious state than that of brutes ;
yet men are unwilling to place women in situa-
tions proper to enable them to acquire sufficient
understanding to know how even to nurse their
So forcibly does this truth strike me, that I
would rest the whole tendency of my reasoning
upon it; for whatever tends to incapacitate the
maternal character, takes woman out of her
But it is vain to expect the present race of
weak mothers either to take that reasonable
care of a childs body, which is necessary to lay
the foundation of a good constitution, suppos-
ing that it do not suffer for the sins of its
fathers ; or to manage its temper so judiciously
that the child will not have, as it grows up, to
throw off all that its mother, its first instructor
directly, or indirectly, taught and unless the
mind has uncommon vigor, womanish follies
will stick to the character throughout life. The
weakness of the mother will be visited on the
children 1 And whilst women are educated to re-
ly on their husbands for judgment, this must
ever be the consequence, for there is no
improving an understanding by halves, nor
can any being act wisely from imitation,
because in every circumstance of life there
is a kind of individuality, which requires
an exertion of judgment to modify general
rules. The being who can tnink justly
in one traok, will soon extefrd its intel-
lectual empire ; and she who has sufficient
judgment to manage her children, will not sub-
mit right or wrong to her husband, or patiently
to the social laws which make a nonentity of a
In public schools, women, to guard against
the errors of ignorance, should be taught the
elements ot anatomy and medicine, not only to
enable tbem to take proper care of their own
health, but to make them rational nurses of
their infants, parents, and husbands; for the
bills of mortality are swelled by the blunders of
self-willed old women, who give nostrums of
their own, without knowing anything ot the hu-
man frame. It is likewise proper, only in a
domestic view, to make women acquainted with
the anatomy of the mind, by allowing the sexes
to associate together in every pursuit ; and by
leading them to observe the progress of the hu-
man understanding in the improvement of the
sciences and arts ; never forgetting the science
of morality, nor the study of the political his-
tory of mankind.
A man has been termed a microcosm ; and
evtry family might also be called a state.
States, it is true, have mostly been governed by
arts that disgrace the character of man ; and the
want of a just constitution, and equal laws, have
so perplexed the notions of the worldly wise,
that they more than question the reasonableness
of contending for the rights of humanity. Thus
morality, polluted in the national reservoir,
sends off streams of vice to corrupt the consti-
tuents parts of the body politic; but should
more noble, or rather more just principles regu-
late the laws, which ought to be the govern-
ment of society, and not those who execute
them, duty might become the rule of private
Besides, by the exercise of their bodies and
minds, women would acquire that mental activ-
ity so necessary in the maternal character, uni-
ted with the fortitude that distinguishes steadi-
ness of conduct from the obstinate perverse-
ness of weakness. For it is daigerous to ad-
vise the indolent to be steady, because they in-
stantly become vigorous, and to save themselves
trouble, punish with severity faults that the
patient fortitude of reason mighthave prevented
But fortitude presupposes strength of mind
and is strength of mind to be acquired by indo-
lent acquiescence ? By asking advice instead
of exerting the judgment ? By obeying through
fear, instead of practising the forbearence
which we all stand in need of. ourselves ? The
conclusion which I wish to draw is obvious :
make women rational creatures and free citi-
zens, and they will quickly become good wives
and mothers; that isif men do not neglect the
duties of husbands and fathers.
Discussing the advantages which a public and
private education combined, as I have sketched,
might rationally be expected to produce, I have
dwelt most on such as are particularly relative
to the female world, because I think the female
world oppressed ; yet the gangrene which the
vices, engendered by oppression have produced,
is not confined to the morbid part, bat pervades
society at large ; so that when I wish to see my
sex become more like moral agents, my heart
bounds with the anticipation of the general dif-
fusion of that sublime contentment which only
morality can diffuse.

On the 6th of last August an editorial ap-
peared in The Revolution, calling xoublic
attention to the case of Hester Vaughan, under
sentence of death for alleged infanticide. It
was* pronounced by it judicial murder. On
Thursday evening, Nov. 5th, Anna B. Dickin-
son, in her lecture at the Cooper Institute in
behalf of the Working Womens Association,
in her usual graphic and feeling manner, de-
scribed the gills terrible wrongs and sufferings,
and in this way aroused a large amount of in-
terest in her behalf. Mrs. Stanton then treated
the narrative to an editorial article in The
Revolution, which was very extensively copied
by the press in all parts of the country. After
this, several members of the Working Womens
Association, as well as many outside of this
organization, called at the office of The Re-
volution, 37 Park Row, to see what steps
could be taken in the wretched womans behalf*
Nothing was decided upon until Eleanor Kirk,
at the suggestion of R. J. Johnston, arose, in
the nextmeeting of the Working Womans Asso-
ciation and moved that the very first public
step taken by this new Society should be to
petition Gov. Geary for the pardon and release-
of Hester Vaughan. It was responded to heartily
and a committee appointed to make the necessary
arrangements, ot which Eleanor Kirk was chair-
man. It was deemed proper by your committee
to send a delegation to Philadelphia to have an
interview with the doomed woman, and gain
from her own lips the sad particulars; also to
report as to the circumstances of the trial, and in
this manner present an unbiassed account to the
Association, Mrs. Dr. Lozier, on account of
her scientific knowledge, which knowledge at
this time your committee knew would be all-
important, was chosen with Eleanor Kirk to act
in this capacity. Accordingly, on the evening
of the 25th of November, they proceeded to
Philadelphia, and executed their commission.
Upon their return, it was thought best to call a
public meeting in behalf of Hester Vaughan to
hear their report. The meeting was held at the
Cooper Institute on Tuesday evening, Dec. 1st,
Horace Greeley in the chair. Reports were
made by the visiting committee, and speeches by
Horace Greeley, Parker Pillsbury, Mrs. E. C.
Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Ernestine L.
Rose. The greatest interest was manifested ; a
vote of the immense audience was taken in favor
of the immediate liberation of Hester Vaughan.
The eager, spontaneous, affirmative response ex-
pressed more plainly than any language could,
the depth of feeling on this subject. A memo-
rial was read and unanimously approved, which
was to be presented to Gov. Geary, also a series
of resolutions which we append to this report.
When, one week ago last evening, the motion
was earned by the Working Womens Associa-
tion in regard to petitioning Gov. Geary for the
pardon and release of the unfortunate English
girl now under sentence of death for infanti-
cide, it was certainly with the expectation of
arousing a large amou at of public feeling in her
behalf; but we were entirely unprepared for so
spontaneous and enthusiastic a demonstration.
Was there ever such a place as new York to do
a good work in ? Is there a spot on earth where
the popular heart can be reached as here ? To
me there was always something strangely electri-
cal in the moral atmosphere of New York City.
.Let injustice and abuse be once proved, and
the electric current thrills and vibrates until
with one grand outburst, as in the case of this
friendless girl, justice is demanded. The parti-
culars of her story, as first publicly stated on
this platform not long ago by Miss Dickinson,
touched many a heart; and when it was decided
to send a committee to Philadelphia to learn
from the girls own lips the sad particulars, not
only did the Association of Working Women
offer their means and time towards the further-
ance of the grand object, but the women of the
whole countryexcuse me, with the exception of
Pennsylvaniademanded an investigation of the
case. On Thursday morning last, Mrs. Dr. Lo-
zier and myself, accompanied by Mr. Seward,
knocked at the prison door of Moyamen-
sing. The Hon. Mr. Chandler, former Minister
to Italy, and nowactiugas Prison Inspector, in-
formed us that no visitors were admitted on this
day. Sir, said we, we have come from
New York on purpose to see and converse with
Hester Vaughan, and then gave him our pass-
passports. Thank God, for great names! They
unlock the gates of trade to the deserving, un-
earth infamy and double-dealing, and waft, like
a breeze from Araby, the blest, joy and comfort
to the poor prisoner. Now, I warn you to
be careful, said Mr. Chandler, as he walked
by our side, through the long corridor. Hes-
ters mind has been very much agitated lately
by the visits of a certain woman who has very
foolishly and wickedly held out hopes of a par-
don which can never be realized. We found
afterwards that he referred to a Dr. Smith, a
very successful female practitioaer in Philadel-
phia, and one of the noblest women I have ever
met. For the last five months she has been
visiting Hester, and is the only woman in Phila-
delphia, during the long period of her incar-
ceration, who has interested herself in the
prisoners behalf. Doctor Smith has been in-
stant in season and out of season ; has laid the
facts, which she has from time to time gath-
ered before the Governor, and kept the poor
child from sinking into utter despondency. Do
not, I beseech you, my friends, forget that there
is one woman, at least, in Philadelphia, who
loves her sex, and that one Dr. Smith. Imagine,
if you please, a girlish figure ; a sweet, intelli-
gent face ; soft, brown eyes ; broad forehead;
warm, earnest mouth, and you have a slight
idear of Hester Vaughan. Her story is quickly
told. She was bora in Gloucestershire, Eng-
land ; well reared by respectable parents ; mar-
ried a man, a native of Wales, and came to this
countiy full of hope and enthusiasm for the fu-
ture. A few weeks, and Hester was deserted.
Some other woman had a prior claim, it is sup-
posed, and the scamp has never since been
heard of. Then came the tug of war for Hester
Vaughan, as for every other woman who, from
what cause soever, finds herself compelled to
fight the battle of life alone. Think of this
young girl, a stranger in a strange land, with
neither friend or relative to advise or comfort.
For several weoks she lived out as servant in a
family at Jenkintown ; was then recommended
as dairy maid to another family, and here mis-
fortune befel her. Overcome, not in a moment
of weakness and passion, but by superior
strengthbrute forceHester Vaughan fell a
victim to lust and the gallows. That man also
went his way. Three months after this terrible
occurrence, Hester removed to Philadelphia and
hired a room there. She supported hevself by
little odd jobs of work from different families,
always giving the most perfect satisfaction.
During one of the fiercest storms of last win-
ter she was without food or fire or comfortable
apparel. She had been ill and partially uncon-
scious for three days before her confinement,
and a child was born to Hester Vaughan.
Hours passed before she could drag herself to
the door and cry out for assistance, and when she
did it was to*be dragged to a prison where she
now lies with the near prospect of a halter. Is 4
it not terrible that this victim of a mans craven
lust should be thus foully dealt with, while her
seducer walks the earth free and unmolested ?
In this connection let me say that no amount of
coaxing or entreaty will induce Hester Vaughan
to name the man who thus cruelly wronged her.
Since that time he has married. If he were
alone, said Hester, I would ring his name
through the whole country, but nothing will in-
duce me to send terror and disgrace info the
heart of an innocent, trusting woman. Glori-
ous Hester Vaughan! True as steel to her own
sex. Dr. Lozier will inform you how she came
to be accused of infanticide. This copies
under the head of medical testimony, and as
I am entirely at sea on that subject I can only
give as my belief from all that I saw and heard
at Philadelphia, that Hester Vaughan is no
more guilty of infanticide than I am.
There is a quiet, womanly dignity about Hes-
ter Vaughan which immediately enlisted our
sympathies. As we entered the cell, she stood a
little one side, as if shrinking from curiosity-
seekers, but notwithstanding the advico of Mr.
Chandler we managed in two minutes time to
make Hester feel that we were her friends, ready
to assist her to life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness, if woman's wit and womans sym-
pathy could possibly accomplish ifc The cell
gave evidence of the most exquisite neatness
and good taste. There was no evasion or cir-
cumlocution in her replies to our varied ques-
tionings. Truth beamed from every feature of
her expressive face. She pointed to severe l
hymns which g?j,ve her a great deal ol comfort
Neper shall I iorget the expression of her beau-
tiful eyes, heavy with their weight of unshed
tears, as she repeated,
Jesus, lover of my soul,
Let me to tby bosom fly ;
While the billows oer me roll,
While the tempest still is high ;
and then, as if brought to new hope by the
glorious sentiments, saidand here is another
which I learned at home at Sabbath-school ;
God moves in a mysterious way,
His wonders to perform,
He plants his lootsteps in the sea, 4
And rides upon the storm.
We were with her nearly two hours, and wore
every moment more impressed by her inno-
cence and truthfulness. When we bade her
good-by, she said : Ladies, I know you will do
all for me that lies in your power, but my trust
must be in God. It is said by Philadelphians
that Hester Vaughan was not properly defend-
ed. Let me tell you about it. Sbe had man-
aged to save, by the strictest economy, $30 ;
a grasping, avaricious lawyer, of Philadel-
phia, -offered his services, and took from the
poor child her last penny. During the long
five months before her trial, this man never
came to her cell, and the only conversation
she ever had with him was in the open court.
When we came out on the corridor, Mr. Chandler
very kindly invited us to take a survey of the
prison. Moyamensing is a credit to Pennsyl-
vaniathere is no mistake about thatand if
there be one thing more than another which I
firmly believe in, it is justice to all, and honor
' to whom honor is due.' At the door of each cell

Sfce gUMltttifltt.
hangs a slate with the name of the occupants
and crime of which they are accused. On one
was written Mary McClinkey4 It. 0.which,
interpreted, means riotous conduct. Ay!
didnt I know there was a man at the root of
that trouble! What phase of riotous conduct
was here exhibited? Well, he replied, this
family is from Mainevery nice womanand
two lovely children. Her husband left her uu-
der very suspicious circumstances, and she fol-
lowed him to Philadelphia, and then found he
was living with another woman. Now, this
wife became demonstrative, and insisted that
the father ot her children should support them.
This was riotous conduct, my friends, with a
vengeance. Let us, for a moment, to use a
homely expression, put the boot on the other
foot. If Mrs. McClinkey had left her husband
and two children, and walked away with a para-
mour, not a court of justice in the land but
would have acquitted the outraged husband
should he have shot and killed both wife and
paramour. Are we to dignify such legal par-
tiality as this by the name of iustice. A man
may shoot down, in cold blood, the destroyer of
his peace; and he has only vindicated his
wounded honor, while if a woman protests even
against such infernal proceedings she is locked
up in a cel!. (Immense applause.) Woman
has all the rights she wants, has she? Not
while we have men empowered to make such
laws as these. (Applause.) Sir, said we,
can you give us any idea of the commence-
ment of the downfall of these women ? Yes,
ladies,he replied, faith in man! There
is nothing pn earth so common and nothing so
little rewarded. What a scathing truth to
come from the lips of an educated public man,
who has travelled in all parts of the world, and
is 77years of age! I had an interview with
Judge Ludlow, the man who pronounced the
sentence of death upon poor Hester. I do
not think her a bad woman naturally, said the
Judge; she has an excellent face, but there
was no other course open for me but the
broad coarse of condemnation; she was, in
the opinion of the jury, guilty of the murder
other child. Mrs. Kirk, he continued, quite
earnestly; you have no idea how rapidly
the crime of infanticide is increasing. Some
woman must be made an example of. It is
for the establishment of a principle, maam.
* Establishment of a principle- indeed. I sug-
gested to the Judge that he inaugurate the
good work by hanging a few men, but, strange
to relate, he has not been able to 6ee it in that
light. Women of New York, women of Amer-
ica, turn your hacks upon libertines. The vic-
tims of the fiends, you will see upon all sides as
you go from your respective houses. Be careful
that the very arm you are now leaning on has
not just wound itself around the waist of one
of these fallen creatures, the touch of whose
garment even you would consider the rankest
contamination. And, above all things, my sis-
ters, sustain, comfort and cheer each other.
The very day that poor Hester was. sentenced to
be hung by the neck until 6he was dead, Oxford
Alexander, a colored man, was also sentenced
for the murder of his wife. Hester, imprisoned
for a mans diabolical lust, is so heniously guil-
ty that shemay not walk out on to the corridor
near by the side of her cell, while Oxford Alex-
ander can work in the prison-yard, have the
benefit of out-door air, and exercise ; and more
than this, 20,000 of the most respectable citi-
zens of Pennsylvania have petitioned Govern-
or Geary for the mans pardon; and notone wo-
man in Philadelphia, so far as, we could learn
with the exception of Dr. Smith, has saida good
word for Hester Vaughan.
Mrs. Doctor Lozier said : I freely corrobor-
ate all that has been said by Mrs Kirk; as a phy-
sician I was cordially invited to accompany her
to Philadelphia, and had authority, not only to
question this poor woman in regard to her own
condition, but also in regard to all that oc-
curred. I judged for myself, from her own
honest and ingenuous answers to the questions ;
but I also consulted with Mrs. Doctor Smith,
who has been a practising physician for fifteen
years, a woman of large influence and a neigh-
bor of the judge who condemned Hester Vaugh-
an. Doctor Smith had not. heard of the case
till she read of the sentence the next morning,
and she concluded to call on Judge Ludlow
and ask him the particulars. He gave her a
permit to visit Hester Vaughan at her pleasure.
She has done so once or twice a week, for five
months. She told me she had questioned and
cross-questioned the girl; had taken her by
surprise ; and had come to the conclusion that
she was innocent of the crime of infanticide.
It appears that the plea of puerperal fever and
peurperal blindness was never used on her be-
half. Her lawyer, after visiting her once, never
came near her again. He paid her a visit and
took her money, and promised to defend her ;
but ho never saw her again until she was brought
into court. He never inquired into any of the
particulars of her former history, or of her pres-
ent condition. When Mrs. Dr. Smith went to
see him he said, Oh, yes ; it is now too late ;
she has been condemned, and is to be hung.
For over five months, not one benevolent per-
son has condescended to visit her in he? sick-
nessfor she has been very sick. Well, said
Mrs. Smith, you took her last thirty dollars,
and promised to defend her ; and have you
called on her ? He replied, Is that so ? Was
that all the money she had? Well, then he
remembered that he had not called on her ; con-
sequently when her case came up he was unpre-
pared to give her any defence. Dr. Smith, by
the kindness of Judge Ludlow, has been per-
mitted to visit her, and to report to him and
to Governor Geary m regard to the poor girls
condition, and she has sent to Governor Geavy
ten letters, praying for his immediate release on
the ground of her innocence, as she thinks her
entirely innocent. For three months she thinks
that she was irresponsible lor her actsthe vic-
tim of puerperal mania. When she is spoken
of about her condition at the time, she says :
It was so dark3lie seems hardly to have
recognized a ray of lightand she adds: I
never saw my child. I have had large experi-
ence in obstetric practice ; my record shows
over uwo thousand cases ; and I have had sever-
al cases of puerperal blindnessin one case last-
ing over four days aud four nights; for four
days and nights the patient did not see. Aud I
believe what this poor girl says when she says,
I did not see. I asked her how the skull could
have been injured, for it seems the skull was
indented, aud she said I must have lain on
it; when I waked up, the ch ild lay under me.
She might have swooned or fainted in her
agony. I have no doubt that she suffered-from
puerperal mania for at least three months. Her
sight is still very weak. But there is another
point. The child was never examined. No one
can prove that it ever lived. The lungs should
have been examined. If the child had lived, the
lungs would float; but if the air hadneverper-
meated those vessels, the lungs would sink. So,
I repeat, it was never proved that the child was
alive. Now, it was a premature birth ; it was
an eight mentks child, and the children of that
period very seldom live. The foramen between
the auricles of the heart remain so open that
the natural circulation is very difficult to estab-
lish, and such children very seldom live.' Ithas
been said |in some of our papers to-day, that
the marks on the head prove that the child was
destroyed. I do not see that it is proved. That
poor woman, in her agony, alone, without fire,
without light, may have injured the child, but
net wilfully. I said to her: Hester, do you
love children? She replied: No one ever
loved children more than I dono one, I dearly
love them. I wish I had ray poor little babe.
It would be some comfort to me. She is here
among strangers ; but her friends write to her
and beg her to come home. Her poor father
does not know of her sad fate, and she is fear-
ful that he may know of it. It appears that the
name of the man she married was Harris, and
her father gave his consent to the marriage. It
was not a runaway match./ It was not as a dis-
obedient, wilful child that she came to this coun-
try. I could see by the tone of her fathers let-
ter, aud by the kisses sent to her from her
younger sister, that it was a very affectionate
. family. She longs to go home. I had the oppor-
tunity of conferring with some of the most in-
fluential ladies of Philadelphia, and it appeared
that the story was all new to them. They are
not lacking in sympathy. Some very dear
friends of mine, in the very highest positions,
melted into tears when I told them of the mat-
ter ; and one young lady, who was deeply inter-
ested, said, Oh, pa will soon be home to din-
ner ; but I cant wait; he wont be home time
enough ; let us jump into the cars. So I went
down with her, and there I had an opportunity
of conversing with Jay Cook and Mr. Sherwood
upon the merits of the case. They said it must
be investigated ; they took down the data. The
gentleman said, I will send it all to the Gov-
ernor. In conclusion, Mrs. Lozier read some
comments of The Revolution upon the
To Sis Excellency lhe Governor of the State of Pennsylva-
nia :
The Working Womens National Association, through
their Comra:ttee, whose names are hereto appended, after
cureful investigation of the case of Hester Vaughan, now
confined in a Pennsylvania prison for the alleged crime
of infanticide, would respectfully represent that, as
they be'ieve she was condemned on insufficient evidence
and with inadequate defence, justice demands a stay of
procecdingsandanewtrial; or,if that be impracticable,
they most earnestly pray your Excellency to grant her an
unconditional pardon.
Whereas, Tne right of trial by a jury of ones peers is
recognized by the governments of all civilized nations as
the great palladium of rights, ot justice, and equality to
the citizen: therefore,
Besolved, That this Association demand that in all civil
and criminal cases, woman shall be tried by a jury of her
peers; shall have a voice in making the law, in electing
the judge who pronounces her sentence, and the sheriff
who, in case of execution, performs. for her that last
dread act.
Besolved, That the existence of the Death Penalty,
odious as it is when man is the victim, is doubly so in a
case like this of Hester Vaughana young, artless, and
inexperienced girla consideration that should startle
every mother into'a sense of her responsibility in mak-
ing and executing the laws under which hei daughters
are to live or perish.
Besolved, That, as capital punishment is opposed to
the genius of our institutions and the civilization of the
age, we demand that the gallowsthat horrible relic of
barbarismb banished from the land; for human life
should be.^eld alike sacred by the individual and the

3bt fUVtflUtttftt. 359
New Orleans, Oct. 14th, 1868.
Madame Anthony: An. idea, the result of
some rare conception, above the common order,
passes unpexceived if it is without value. If,
on the contrary, it has a scientific value, it is ac-
cepted by a very weak minority, and ridiculed
by the majority, which is almost always com-
posed of short-sighted individuals of faint con-
ception and satisfied with the old order of things.
These believe that since it has always been
thus, no change is necessary.
This is our situation: all who have devoted
and sacrificed themselves to the good of the suf-
fering have been treated as Utopians by this
ignorant majority. The cause which you sus-
tain in The Revolution has found, from its
birth, an opposition as wide spread as it is ab-
surd, for it is the work of individuals who ignore
completely the law of Godthe natural law,
but who, on the contrary, recognize fully the
laws made by and for man. When an idea is
set forth, discussed and scientifically sustained,
the opposers, when they see that they cannot
combat the author by ridicule, sometimes end
by reasoning seriously. I am much afraid,
dear Madame, that you may find yourself on a
way as narrow as it is thorny, if you have but
your programme as guide. ' .
I sent you last week a copyof th9 N. O. Pica-
yune containing an article on female physicians.
To day I send you a copy of the N. O. Times
which handles you roughly ; it asks you what
would become of children in divorce cases.
Answer that Fourier found the solution of the
problem which is already put in practice in 1
France in the Phalanstery of Guise*-say that
in the co-operative society the least will be
guaranteed to all its members, that men, wo-
men and children will have an open account in
the great book, that the nursery, the asylum
and the professional school will charge them-
selves with the education of children by the in-
tegral and attractive method, in giving impetus
to the free development of natural appetites,
and discharging parents from the greatest part
of the cares for which they are generally un-
adapted. I will not speak to you of the French
papers of this city which know how to set forth
such beautiful ideas, only to ridicule them.
The theory of universal unity, or the domes- :
tic and agricultural association' by 0. Fourier,
translated into English by Mr. A. Brisbane, and
published so long ago, is it not still printed and
in circulation on this continent?' The discov-
ery of passional attraction and the application
of analogy tcflhe study of the universal move-
ment by our master, is a wheel of which your
programme is but a spoke. When you know
all the parts which compose this wheel, you
will be able to defy your boldest adversaries in
no matter what question or discussion. You
will be invincible as the Phalanstery, the
Phalanx and the Pacific Democracy of Paris
have been. This last has succumbed to the
Bonapartist coup d'etat, which it has received.
Your brave Revolution is sheltered from
such attacks. The blow given to this valiant
paper was not able to destroy the cause, because
truth is immortalit was the means of putting
this beautiful theory in the way of being prac-
tisedit is this we see actually in the birth of
numerous co-operative societies in all nations ;
it is the era of strikes and of united aid.
We are impatient that we do not yet see the
memoirs of Louise du Donon. What w^have
ust read in No. 40 of The Revolution
on Anna E. Dickinson is in full rapport with the
life and character of our heroine of Vosges.
Will you accept, Madame Anthony, my most
cordial salutations, Henrietta L. Louis.
I found myself in the qar recently in company
with the two sexes. We were four ladies, one of
whom was tall, well proportioned, finely
formed and of very graceful carriage, well
dressed, without excess of elegance. Sbo bad
a most agreeable face, high forehead, beautiful
hair, ornamented with flowers, and falling,
floating over the folds of her dress below the
waist. The natural form of this lady, not dis-
torted by barbarous inventions, was proof of
intelligence, modesty and good taste. I regret
not knowing her address that I might send her
a copy of The Revolution which I am per-
suaded would meet her approval. The two
other ladies occupied a third of the entire seat
because of the size of their crinolines, whilst the
gentlemen stood, fearing least they might crush
or injure these enormous hoops. The heads of
these ladies did not display much hair, but they
wore enormous chignons of a different shade on
the posterior summit of the head, which seemed
to lower the forehead, to diminish the facial
angle and lessen the intelligence ; add to that a
little hat over the eye which gives a physiog-
nomy of casseuse d'assielie.
Ah well, would you believe it? These two
ladies called the other indece nt
Will you accept, Madame Anthony, my sin-
cere salutations, Henrietta L. Louis.
The Woman's Suffrage Association of New
Jersey held its first annual meeting on the se-
cond and third instant at Vineland, The at-
tendance of Vineland people was large and
other parts of the state were well represented.
The visit and meetings of Mrs. Stanton and
Miss Anthony there in the autumn waked a
deep interest in the cause among the earnest
women and men of that new Arcadia,, securing
about fifty subscribers to The Revolution
among other excellent results.
The regular business of an annual meeting
was transacted, choosing the.following persons
as officers of the Association :
PresidentMrs. Lucy Stone.
Vice-PresidentsRev. Antoinette Brown Blackwell,
Somerville; Mary F. Davis, Orange; Hon. James M>
Scovel, Camden ; Rev. Oscar Clute, Vineland; Mrs.
Portia Gage, Vineland ; Hon. James T. Nixon, Millville ;
Dr. George Haskell, Anchora ; Rowland Johnson, Orang .
and others :
Secretary Mrs. 8. P. Fowler, Vineland.
TreasurerS. J. Sylvester, Vineland.
Executive CommitteeH. B. Blackwell, Newark ; Dr,
D. W. Allen, Vineland ; John Gage, Vineland ; Mary F.
Davis, Orange : Mrs, S. T. H. Pearson, Vineland ; Rev.
Oscar Clute, Vineland ; Mrs. C. Mabbetfc, Vineiand;
C. B. Campbell, Vineland.
The following are part only of a series of res-
olutions earnestly discussed by Lucy Stone,
Mary F. Davis, Henry B. Blackwell, Rev. An-
toinette Brown Blackwell, Rev. Mr. Clute, An-
drew Jackson Davis, Joseph Treat, and others,
and unanimously adopted by the meeting.
Resolved, That governments are just only when they
rest upon the consent of the governed, and that no gov-
ernment is truly representative or republican in form,
so long as one hal' of the people are denie i the exercise
of their inherent right of suffrage on account of their
Whereas, The old Constitution of New Jersey, adopted
in 1776, in force until 18i4, conferred suffrage on equal
terms upon both sexes ; and
Whereas, The laws regulating elections prior to 1S07
recognized and affirmed the woman's right by using the
words be or she and his or her ballot; and
Whereas, Women, did, in fact, exercise that right un-
til prohibited from so doing, in 1807, by an act oi the
Legislature; and
Whereas, The present Constitution does not expressly
exclude women from voting; therefore, be it
Resolved, That the women of New Jersey are legally
entitled to vote ; and
Resolved, That if the National Congress pass any law
or submit any constitutional amendment extending suf-
frage to men, we ask that a parallel law shall be passed,
or a parallel amendment submitted, extending suffrage
to women.
Resolved, That we invite both the republican and dem-
ocratic parties to unite in an amendment to the Consti-
tution of the United States extending suffrage to all
men and women as the inalienable birthright of every
American citizen.
The following letter was sent to the meeting
by HonT J. M. Scovel, M. 0.
Woodbury, N. J., December 2,1868.
Mbs. GageMadam : I am here engaged in the trial
of a cause, else I would be with you on this bright day
that dawns on suffrage for woman. For victory we only
need agitation, agitation, Agitation. No more noble
cause can engage ttfe attention of old or young than this
effort to crown the ballot-box (and pnrify it) with the
suffrage for woman.
The victory is within our reach.
Shall we grasp it ? Count on me as a soldier in the
ranks, ready with voice and pen and all there is in myl
purse, to advance that cause which is deati ned to save al
that 30,000 of the brave and true died upon the field of
battle to secure for their children, for ourselves, and lor
generations yet unborn.
Sincerely yours, James M. Scovel.
NO. X. *
We are able to give tbe following additions to
the report in No. IX of'these notes as a contin-
uation of
The following, all Liberals, are returned : Ja-
cob Bright from the City of Manchester ; Thos.
Hughes from- the borough of Frome ; Guildford
Onslow from the borough of GuildfordPeter
Alfred Taylor from Leicester ; Sir F. H. Gold-
smid from Reading; Lord John Hay from
Ripon ; George Head field from Sheffield city ;
J. B. Smith from Stockport; M. Thomas Bass
from Derby; James Stansfield from Halifax ;
Edward Baines from Leeds ; James Whatman
from the borough of Maidstone ; Thomas Baz-
ley from the City of Manchester ; William S.
Allen from Neweastle-under-Lyne ; Roger Ey-
kyn from Windsor ; William H. Barrow from
The following, a Conservative, is returned :
W. W. Bramston Beach from North Hants.
The following, a Liberal, is defeated : Vis-
count Amberley from South Devon.
In' No. IX we mentioned the return of Mr.
Lefavre, and above we announce the return of
Sir F. H. Goldsmid, both of whom are from the
borough of Derby, and both Liberals.
Lord Amberley, the only Lord that graces the
Woman Suffrage list, is, we regret to say, de-
Further particulars of the result will be given
as soon as received from England.
The Tables Turned.Theatres began with
only men as performers; but in Vienna, the
Dianenbad has been fitted up as a theatre, at
which women only are to perform. All the male
characters are to be personated by women, and
even the orchestra is to be composed exclusively
I of female musicians.

!)( Vtiilitifi.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
Not the negros hour alone but every-
bodys hour. All honor to Senator Pomeroy !
Ke has taken the first step to redeem the Con*
etitution from all odious distinctions on ac-
count of race or sex. He lost no time in pre-
senting, at the opening of Congessional pro-
ceedings, the following as an amendment to
the Federal Constitution to regulate suffrage
throughout the country :
Article 15. The basis of suffrage .in the United
States shad be that of citizenship; and ad native or
naturalized citizens shall enjoy the same rights and
privileges of the elective franchise; but each state
shad determine by law the age of a citizen and the
time of residence required for the exercise of the
right of suffrage which shall apply equally to ad
citizens; and also shall make all laws concerning
the times, places, and manner of holding elections.
Laid on the table and ordered to be printed.
Now let the work of petitioning and agitating
for this amendment be prosecuted with a vigor
and energy unknown before. And let Senator
Pomeroy be honored with receiving and pre-
senting to the Senate such a deluge of names
as shall convince him that his noble step in the
direction of a true democracy, is appreciated ;
and such too as shall be a rebuke to all half way
measures that-would leave woman (white and
colored) behind the colored male ; and more-
over, that shall convince Congress and the whole
government that we can be (rifled with no longer
on a subject so vital to the peace, prosperity and
perpetuity of our own people, mid the establ-
ishment of free institutions among the na-
tions of the earth.
Fbom the facts in the case of Hester Vaughan,
which we publish in another column, every
lawyer accustomed to examine evidence must
see the strong points for doubt as to her guilt.
Tn Archbolds Criminal Practice and Pleading,
in the comments on Infanticide, he shows that
new-born infants are easily killed by cold and
starvation, which are two. strong points in the
case under consideration. Hester Vaughan was
alone in a cold room in the depth of winter, and
no help came to her for forty-eight hours after
the birth of her child; long enough, without any
violence, for a child to die, with either cold or
starvation. The previous character of the
woman, her manners, appeorauce, good head*
and open face, and all the facts of the case, go to
prove that she was not guilty of thecrime of
murder. At all events, there was so much
room for doubt in the case that if she had been
8fc*a gUvalutiun.
properly defended, the jury would either have
acquitted her, or disagreed, which latter would
have ultimately resulted in her discharge. But
she gave her last dollar to a lawyer, who be-
trayed her at the trial, either through utter ig-
norance, or culpable indifference ; hence, prac-
tically, she was not defended at all, and cannot
be said to have had a full and fair tried. We
hope the bar of Philadelphia, for its own honor,
will put that man in Coventry.
The circumstances of this case demand a
stay of proceedings that a full and fair trial be
obtained. If this cannot be done, then, be-
cause of the extreme hardship of the case, of
the many grave doubts as to her guilt, even un-
der the most rigid construction of the law, and
the peculiar and touching character of the cir-
cumstances that surrounded her, extenuating
her conduct when tested by the severest rules,
the women of this country have a right to de-
mand for the prisoner an unconditional pardon
of tne Executive of the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, in. whose hands her life is.
This case carries with it a lesson for the se-
rious thought of every woman, as it shows the
importance that womeu of wealth, education
and leisure study the laws under which they
live, that they may defend the unfortunate of
their sex in our courts of justice, and, as able
advocates, avail themselves of every advantage
the law gives for their acquit! al. The success
of Mrs. Bradstreet, of New York, and Mrs.
Gen. Gaines, of Louisiana, in securing their
large estates, was owing to the fact, that they
knew their rights, and defended them in the
courts in person. To this end, let the wise men
of New York open Columbia Law School at once
to girls who have brains to understand the science
of jurisprudence and hearts big enough to de-
mand justice for the humblest of Gods children.
Had Hester Vaughan been informed of her
rights and privileges, she might have chal-
lenged her jurors, for four different reasons.
This right has always been accorded to crim-
inals if they or their counsel knew enough to
ask it. These challenges are of four sorts. 1.
Challenge propter honoris respectum, or in respect
to nobility. This, a learned jurist tells us, of
course does not exist in the United States,
where we have no nobility. We differ with him.
So long as we have a class endowed with politi-
cal privileges that millions of other citizens have
not, we have our nobility, a favored class, a privi-
leged order, whatever men may choose to call it.
In this country the nobility are white males
who make laws for their own protection, in whose
rights and privileges disfranchised classes have
no part, hence the unequal laws women and
negroes suffer to-day, in nearly every state of
the Union. On this ground women have the
right to challenge all male jurors, because the
difference in our political position is as wide as
that of noblo and peasant in the Old World. If,
in aristocratic countries, kings, nobles, and
common people demand, in all cases, to be
tried by juries of their own peers, as thus alone
could justice be secured, is it too much for
women to ask uuder our republican institutions ?
2. Challenge propter defectum, or for want of
proper qualifications. Under this head is men-
tioned non-freeholders, minors, aliens, slaves,
those convicted of infamous crime mid women.
We find ourselves here in quite as flattering a ca-
tegory as in the second article of the New York
Constitution, where, the qualifications for voters
are set forth; but inasmuch as women may not
be minors, aliens, slaves or convicts, but honest,
virtuous, law-abiding freeholders of legal age,
we see no reason why they should be challenged,
if they should chance to stray into the jury-box.
They certainly lack no proper qualifica-
tions, as Hester Vaughan would have found,
could half her jurors have been noble, thinking
3. Challenge propter affectum, for suspicion of
bias or partiality. On this ground, too, Hester
Vaughan might have challenged her jurors, for
judging of man by his laws and life, his first
consideration is ever his own protection; for
although the real interests of man and woman
are one and identical, yet in our present dis-
cordant, fragmentary condition, they are too
often in direct antagonism. In talking with
the men we meet every day, we do not find
them so uubiased in their judgments of women
that we should be willing to aocept them as
jurors if our daughter were a prisoner at the
bar of justice for the crime of infanticide.
4. Challenge propter delictum, or on account
of some crime, such as treason, felony, perjury
or conspiracy. On the ground of conspiracy
the prisoner had a right to challenge her jurors.
When a class of men conspire, either under
forms of law of their own making, or outside
of law, to deprive a large body of citizens of
their inalienable rights to life, liberty and hap-
piness, when they deprive them of the rights of
person, property, wages, and of the ballot, the
only means of protection under government,
such citizens have a right to,object to such
laws, judges and jurors, on the ground of
conspiracy, for whether these things are ig-
norantly or wilfully done, they are, pievertbe-
less, treasonable to the first principles of hu-
man rights.
If any woman, hereafter, is ever so unfortu-
nate as to find herself in the iron grip of the
law, let her remember that criminals have some
privileges under this great palladium of rights
called trial by a jury of ones own peers; and
remember, too, that in some of the. states they
may call on any noble woman who is able lo de-
fend her in the courts, who, we trust, would
not, like Judas Iscariot, betray her for thirty
pieces of silver.
If we look over the history of Jury trial, we
find in all ages, and nations, the greatest stress
laid on every man being judged by his equals.
This idea is the foundation and essence of juries,
running so far back in English history as* to be
lost in the Saxon colonies, and probably derived
from the feudal institutions in Italy, France and
Germany; for in the old German courts, genera-
tions ago, the interests of the criminal were so
carefully guarded, that equality of birth between
the judge and the criminal was considered im-
perative, not so much that no inferior could be
judged by a higher as that no higher could be
judged by an inferior. Now, if*that was the
case centuries ago in a civilization we should
blush to represent, what shall we say of the
nineteenth century, when men sit in judgment
on the mothers of the race, on those conceded
by all to be their superiors, not in intellect or
strength, but m those diviner elements of hu-
man nature, in love, spiritual perception and
moral power. If nobles cannot judge peasants,
or peasants nobles, how can man judge woman?
But, cannot woman trust her own father,
husband, brother for wise laws and just judg-
ments? The Hester Vaughansthe very class
that most need protectionare often bound
to earth by no ties like these. Their be-
trayers, may be their judges and their jurors.
Hawthorne, in his Scarlet Letter, gives us a case
in the early days of New England, where a
woman, for the crime of adultery, was compelled
to stand three hours in the pillory, subject to

the gaze of the multitude, while the judge,
whose duty it was to rebut, counsel, and warn
her, was her seducer. She, too, was urged by
his own lips to reveal the name of him who had
betrayed her, but she steadily refused. That
picture of Hawthornes of a grand woman, in
all her native dignity, standing calm and self-
poised through long years of dreary isolation
from all her kind, is in marked contrast with
the cowardly selfishness of the man who be-
trayed and judged her. e. c. s.
The meeting held hist week in behalf of
Hester Vaughan, proved that there is in this
city a deep tide of sympathy flowing as well in
the hearts ot men as of women in behalf of the
class of fallen and unfortunate to which shebe-
1ongs. The "Working Womans Association that
called the meeting deserve unspeakable praise
for acting so promptly and effectively in the
case, after it was brought to their notice in the
lecture of Anna E. Dickinson. Some of the city
newspapers (not many, nor the best of them)
complained that it was out of the province of
the Association to take cognizance of such an
affair. But was it Terrence who should forever
have silenced all such carping by his immortal
confession : Jam a man; and all that concerns
man, concerns me ? Hester Vaughan is a
woman. She is a woman in sorrow. In the
deepest depths of sorrow. No matter though she
be an accomplice in that which ltd to it. It is
still true, it is none the less true, that mans inhu-
manity to woman in general, to her in particu-
lar, has pointed, poisoned every arrow of her
affliction. And then she is a working woman,
like the members of the Association ; and pos-
sessing special claim to their regard on that ac-
count. And possibly, xpore than for all other
reasons together, they should have moved in
her behalf because nobody else did, or seemed
ever likely to move. New York was as uncon-
cerned as Philadelphia. And even now there
are presses here of immense circulation, that talk
in this way about the Hester Vaughan meeting :
Horace Greeley, Miss Anthony, Parker PiUsbury, Mrs.
Dr. Lozier and Mrs. Stanton made addresses in which
the case of the prisoner was dressed up in all the glow-
ing colors of a morbid sympathy, and the woman, who
is supposed to have provided a final settlement for her
child by driving in the soit part of its head upon its
brain, might have been taken for a perfect saint and one
of the most vivtuoifib and tender-hearted of mothers.
Greeley snivelled, Mias Susan snarled, Parker PiUsbury
ranted, Mrs. Stanton argued, and Mrs. Dr. Lozier dis.
cussed, the philosophy of temporary aberration of intel-
lect arising from puerperal mania, but not one of them
spoke of the terrible increase of the erime of infanti-
The last statement is singularly wrong, be-
cause the main purpose of one of the addresses
was to unfold that very evil in all its hoirible
enormity and extent; and the immeasurable
shame and guilt of those who make it a profes-
. sion and grow enormously rich in the murder-
ous business ; and yet walk unblushingly, and
ride most magnificently on Broadway in broad
day, and receive both the gratitude and gold of
the unnatural fathers and mothers who, in mar-
riage as well as out, employ themand the
not less inexcusable crime of those newspapers
that advertise for greed and gain, the loathsome
operators of the abomination! This was the
burden of at least one of the Cooper Institute
addresses, and some of the others were surely
not silent on the subject.
Another complaint of the press (as before,
only a part of it") is, that the speakers went
aside from the legitimate object for which the
meeting was called to consider the abstract
question of Womans Rights. Mr. Greeley, in
his remarks on taking the chair, seemed to ap-
prehend something of that kind, and sought to
forestal it. And the Tribune has, with other
presses, protested against it since. But the
callers of that meeting had two objects in viaw,
or rather saw the different bearings of the one
object. There is a horrible harvest of Hester
Vaughan victims every year. And how to pre-
vent the enemy from sowing the seed whence it
grows, is as well the work of the "Working
Womens Association as the rescue of one spe-
cific victim. They might have tailed in Hester
Vaughans case ; and had that been all they con-
templated, the meeting would then have failed
altogether ; indeed, had better have not been
The abolitionists were long accustomed to
that type of humanity and philanthropy. "When
a poor slave woman, escaping from the woes of
slavery to Canada and freedom, sometimes with
a babe in her arms, appealed in New York or
New England for aid or shelter from the pur-
suing bloodhounds of the Fugitive S)ave law
there were plenty to aid, generously, who yet
would not touch the slave system, or the slave,
onescaped, or a free colored person, though a
member of the same chqrch, with one of their
fingers. There were too many interests involved.
The deadly Upas tree sent its roots under all poli-
tics, trade, commerce, literature, churches, pul-
pits, communion tables, colleges, theological
seminaries, bible, tract and missionary socie-
ties ; marriage had mingled families together,
northern and southern, until slavery was a dread
omnipresence, higher than heaven, what could'
we do ? deeper than hell, what could we know ?
And so t( hands off" was the cry whenever it
was proposed to lay the axe at the root of the
tree, hew it down and cast it into unquenchable
fire. Odo, men cried,- keep to your one
specific object! Send this woman on to Canada
where she may be free, here is our money for
that, but forbear as you love your lives, your
souls, your country, its constitution, laws,
learning, religion, 0, forbear to lay hands on
tbe slave system, divinely appointed and ap-
proved from the foundation of the world!
But the abolitionists knew their duty better. It
was no such maudlin philanthropy as that
which earned for Clarkson and Garrison the
gratitude of mankind.
Why do the Tribune and the best of the re-
publican party and press seek to move heaven
and earth, if not indeed the powers under the
earth, to secure the colored man the ballot?
They all declare his liberty is but mockery
without the ballot to shield it. The present
condition and prospect for the working women
of the large cilies, if not of the whole nation, be-
speaks multitudes of Hester Vaughans for every
year. And are the Working Women to be silent
when Providence opens such an opportunity as
this to sound the danger into every ear, and
peal the changes until they stir the bones of the
national humanity ?
Creating souls, under the ribs of death!
Some of the newspapers are distressed too
because one of the resolutions adopted at the
meeting declares hanging is more odious when
a young, artless girl is the sacrifice, than when
inflicted on man. Do any seriously doubt it ?
Woman has no vote or voice m the law that
ruthlessly robs heir of life. Her consent to be
thus governed, to be thus killed, has never been
obtained. It has never even been asked. And
yet she is snatched up and put to death, in the
name of democracy and Christianity. Is that
what is meant by all just governments derive
their power from the consent of the governed ?
The resolution is just, and will stand until wo-
man votes, the equal of man.
For the rest, it may be said the working
women have many things in contemplation as
they increase in numbers aud the means for aid-
ing the unfortunate of their sex. Already they
include in their registry many of the able, no-
ble, long tried and well proved women of New
York and vicinity, with whom life means labor,
who have already fbught through many stem
conflicts and never lost a battle. A Poland
drummer boy was taken prisoner in a terrible
engagement with the Russian hordes and was
brought to the Emperor, who Risked him to
beat the various changes on his drum. The
lad astonished his royal auditor by the number
as well as skill of his beats. Now, said the Em-
peror, sound a Retreat. Pa.don me, said
the hr we boy, but I never learned a Retreat.
So with the leaders of the Working Womans
Association of America. They know no retreat.
With them there is no such word as Fail.
1 p. p.
Thbee years ago, Mr. Phillips, Mis. Abby Kel-
ley Foster, and other leading lights and guides
in the old Anti-Slavery movement*, decided to
postpone still longer Womans right of Suffrage
on the ground that this is the negros hour.
Mr. Beecher, Mrs. Lucrsjia Mott, Mr. Robert
Purvis, Mrs. Stanton, Mrs. Rose, Miss Anthony,
and others, warned them that compromising
women in that way would inevitably endanger
the colored male citizen. The warning was
timely and necessary. Last week Mrs. Foster
herself sounds the alarm in the Anti-Slavery
Standard on behalf of the colored man (not wo-
man !) thus:
We must work with unwonted earnestness this sea-
son, so that if it be possible, we may secure tbe ballot to
him throughout the country, not only by Constitutional
Amendment but by protection to him in casting it. F ,
W. Bird welt said in the Convention, The ballot in (he
hand of the negro is now a mere mockery. Why not every
old anti-slavery worker put bis hand anew to this effort
for sealing the negros claims to entire equality, before
the close of the current anti-slavery year ?
What old anti-slavery workers hand is not
just there, now ? And a good many are asking
the boon for the colored woman as well as man.
What has she done, or what is her future hope
or prospect, tbat Mrs. Foster and her New Eng-
land coadjutators should leave her behind?
Gradualism was not always Mrs. Fosters phil-
But Mr. Bird is undoubtedly right. Massa-
chusetts has no clearer-sighted man than he, the
colored population no firmer friend. Had Mrs.
Foster held, with Lucy Stone, Mrs. StaDton,
and others, that this is the hour lor all the dis-
franchised, irrespective of sex as well as color,
and demanded justice and right for all, instead
of for half, al (he expense of the other half Mr.
Birds lament and her own not unreasonable
apprehension might have been avoided.
Useful Woman.A Mrs. Louisa Wafer, in ap-
plying for an extension of a license to keep a
tavern in London, adduced proof to show tbat
during the twenty-lour years she has presided
over that institution she has induced the enlist,
ment of 26,572 men into the British navy.


The downright swindling of the people by
the National Bank system is not yet understood.
The Reform Investigator put it on this wise.
Suppose A. to represent one of the National
Banks; then A. has a government bond, pay-
able at the option of the goverement, in lawful
money. On this bond, govemmentpays six per
cent gold interest Now the government in-
stead of paying the bond with lawful money,
says to A. [a National Bank], let me hold that
bond as security and I will continue to pay you
the gold interest and I will give you, also, 90
per cent of the amount in bank bills for you to
circulate as money, as long as you choose. Do
you not see that A. would be getting a double
interest ?interest on the bonds deposited, and
interest on the money issued to him by govern-
ment? This would amount to nearly 18 per
cent, currency interest and somebody pays it.
Labor is first taxed to pay the gold interest on
the bonds deposited to the holder; then if the
tax-payer wants to hire money he is forced to
go to this same holder [a National Bank,] and
hire that which government has given him
to circulate without receiving any compensa -
tion but that of holding the bond on which
it pays interest locked np in its treasury.
Every dollar which the bankers are authorized
to circulate as money, on the whole amount of
which they are drawing interest of over $30,-
000,000, is a free gift of the people.
Editors of the Revolution:
I attended, not long ago, the ceremonies of laying
the corner-stone of the new building for the use of the
"Young Mens Christian Association, at the corner of
Fourth Avenue and Twenty-third street. One of the
speakers stated that the land and building would cost
three hundred thousand dollars, which sum had been
subscribed by wealthy and philanthropic men. Another
one said that thousands of young men annually came to
this city from the country to be employed as clerks and
in other capacitiesthat many of them were without
friends in the city, and were exposed to temptations
that this Association has designed to take them by the
hand, and furnish facilities for their physical, mental
and moral culture. An excellent and most useful insti-
tution, no doubt.
But what of the thousands of young Women who come
here in search of employment? What of other thou-
sands who are to the manor born "and by the death
or poverty of parents are compelled to earn their own
subsistence? Are they auy less "exposed to tempta-
tion than young men ? Are not their bodies and souls
as precious as those of young men? Do they not need
friends to guide and counsel, and is not their physical,
mental and moral culture important ? Why, then, in
this great centre of wealth and philanthropy, have we
no Young Womens Christian Association ?
It occurred to me, at the time, that if two-thirds of
those young men would stay in the country and add to
the wealth of the nation at the Plow, Loom, and Anvil,
aud leave the clerkships to young women, the country
would he benefitedbut at any rate, let the wealthy
and philanthropic women of New York establish a
" Young Womens Christian Association. p.
Boy and Girl Worth Having.A little boy
and girl discovered the house of George Fowler
at Wilmot, N. H., to be on fire one day last
week. The little girl ran half a mile to obtain
help, while her brother kept the fire in check
by throwing on water. Boys and girls should
always study presence of mind. Instead of
beginning to scream and so scare yourselves to
death, stop and think if anything can be done
to remedy the difficulty, whatever it may be.
Editors of the Revolution:
The events of the past week havo led me to reflect very
seriously on the real meaning of the two significant
wordsCapital Punishment. I can nowhere find where
mans Creator, Lord and Law-giver instituted such a pen-
&1 code to be obligatory on all generations down to the
present time. In vain we look for it in the ages before
the flood. But a mark was set upon the first murderer,
and a seven-fold vengeance awarded to the man who
should kill him I Under the Mosaic dispensation there
were many offences beside that of murder punishable
with death ; but they related to the Jewish nation only,
and cannot now be obligatory even upon it, much less
Some quote that passage which has been held in vindi-
cation of the death penalty, and perhaps relied upon more
than any other : u Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man
shall his blood be shed, the reason annexed being,
"for in the image of God made he man. That the
divine impress on man should attach a sacredness to his
life, and be one of the strongest reasons for. not depriving
him of it, is obvious ; but when oflered as a ground for
taking life, although it bo that of a murderer, it looks
very obscure, very doubtful.
Hie New Testament is my guide into all truth. Let
the friends ol Capital Punishment test the doctrine by its
light. Show me from the examples and teachings of
Jesus that they are right and I wrong, and I will give np
the contest. Who would dare to quote Christ to prove
Capital Punishment divine ? and does it not argue ill for
a cause that it finds no support in the precepts and ex-
amples of Jesns? Father, forgive them, for they know
not what they do, were his words concerning his mur-
derers I
Let me ask the advocates of hanging to examine the
feelings which are gratified by the infliction of the death
penalty.* Is it justice? Is it the regard for public se-
curity ? Is it a feeling arising from Christian education
or experience ? No, believe xhe, it is the self same feel-
ing that actuated that poor unhappy murderer to take
the life of his brothera desire to bo revenged.
When the woman who was guilty of a crime punished
bv the Jews with death was brought before Jesus, He
said, "He that is without sin, let him cast the first
sone f Let him who is without sin among us be our
hangman. GarifauA Clifton.
The late Duchess of Sutherland.The fol-
lowing anecdotes of this noble woman, whose
death was announced lately, have fallen under
our eye. Her kindness to the poor was so great
that while attending a party, the death of a rela-
tive of one of her servants was told her, when
she immediately retired and putting off her ball
dress attended the funeral in a plain one. Mrs.
Stowe tells us in her Sunny Memories of
Foreign Lands, that her influence was so great
that upon a certain occasion when a tory cab-
inet was to be formed, a distinguished minister
is reported to have said to the queen that he
could not hope to succeed in his administration
while such a decided influence as that of the
Duchess of Sutherland stood at the head of her
majestys household. The Duchess being the
favorite attendant of Victoria she of course
refused the ministers request. In Eminent
Women of the Age we find another anecdote
in which is seen the kind manner of the Duch-
ess in receiving republican frankness. Mrs.
Stanton, in speaking of a large dinner party at
Samuel Gurneys country seat near London, at
which, amongst others, the Duchess ot Suther-
land was present, says-: Most of us had been
presented to the Lord (Morpeth) and lady, but
Mr. Grew, having come late, had not yet had
the honor of anintroduction. Having formed
ourselves into a semi-circle round his lordship
during the reading, at the close Miss Grew took
her fathers arm, and, in a cool, self-possessed
manner, walked across the intervening space
and introduced her father to the Duchess of
Sutherland, then mistress of the robes, with
the same air as she would have presented two
plain republicans in her own country,
All progressive people, especially women, should
read tbe articles in the AUanlicbegmnmj> is the Novem-
ber numberupon co-operation of households, for 'the
purpose of diminishing the expenses and troubles of
domestic life. It is certainly a sign of tbe times that
tbe Atlantic should admit a series of articles proposing
such a radical change. The lady author suggests that
the sympathizers with Her views who could muster
money and courage enough, in any portion ol Boston lor
instance, should contribute the necessary means to es*
tablish a society which should purchase separate build*
ings for a laundry, a kitchen and a store, wherein all the
washing, cooking, "shopping, dressmaking, tailoring,
etc., of the families interested should be attended to at
the lowest possible expense. These articles have been
carefully and wisely written, and will doubtless inaug,
urate a vastly beneficial reform. I have only one ob-
jection to offer, the author practically admits womans
inferiority to man.
In the December article, 6he says: The highest au-
thority shall be a council of all the male heads of tbe
families whose housekeepers are members of the socie-
ty. It is well enough to try to interest the men; but
why not at least admit the chief lady officers to seats in
this council ? Every truly enlightened officer of the
society weald feel herself and her sex insulted by this
The at chor excuses herself by saying : "It is perfect-
ly evider. t that in this world at least 'the man is the head
of the r man. Being our governors, no such enter-
prise aa q Operative housekeping could be started or
sustained without their sympathy and consent; and as
they have now the power of veto on our housekeeping
arrangements, by virtue of being also our breadwinners,
so as tlieir funds alone would sustain co-operative house-
keeping, they should have the same power there.'
She goes on thus at some length, licking the male boot.
Now, though belonging to the rough sex, I have long
been indignant at women for making such admissions.
"Their funds, indeed I I claim that the wife is half
owner of all the "havings in the partnership, however
obtained. Though many noble women, as things now
gOj do not do their share of lifes labor, it is the fanlt of
society at lar£ e. The time will come when every true
woman willsa to her mate : Here stand we, two human
souls. If we two entities do not balance each other in
the scales of 1 Jivine justice; if I cannot show superiority
of moral, religious, intuitive and affectional faculties
of grace, beauty, elegance and refinement, that fully
counterbalance your majestic mein, your superiority in
reasoning, creative, constructive and earning faculties
and physical strengththen is our marriage a false one-
True conjugal love can only obtain between peers.
But Swedenborg finished off this controversy a hun-
dred years ago. Love is peer to wisdom, heat to light,
goodness to truth. Exit.
An English paper says : An unpleasant fea-
ture of the English coal mines; is the large
number of-'women employed at the pit mouths.
They vary in age from twelve to fifty years.
They generally wear a peculiar attire, consist-
ing of coarse trowsers, resembling those worn
by men, fastened by a belt round the waist, a
soft bonnet, and a shawl. The petticoats are
generally tucked into the trowsers. Sometimes
they'may be seen wearing jackets like the men,
smoking, drinking, and behaving as if com-
pletely unsexed. They naturally belong to a
very low claims, but in some cases make good
wives and mothers. The labor required of
them is ha; d and very dirty, rendering their
persons arri clothing as black as coal. They
have to nv- ist in removing the tubs of coal
from the ;es, at the mouth of the pit, some-
times a pm ing to tip the tubs into the coal,
wagons heir average wages are la. 2d.,or 26
cents pel < ly.
Womans Progress.Miss Frances M. Cooke is men-
tioned as one of the most proficient students who have
received the degree of M.D. from tbe New Eogland Fe-
male Medical College. Miss Cooke has been proiessor
of anatomy and lecturer on physiology and hygiene for
the last nine years in the college.


As The Revolution '* entertains hospitably
all important questions, an article on the Com-
munity movement may be in place.
Mrs. D. G-. Croley (Jennie June) has lately
visited the Oneida Community, the no mar-
riage Perfectionists, the members are some-
times called, and reporting upon them in the
New. York World she says her ideas of them
have, by her visit, been materially changed.
So far from the moral tone of the Oneida com-
munists verging upon coarseness, grosses or
sensuality, it seems to her to bend to the; other
extreme, and to be but one remove from^asceti-
cism. In fact, a rather severe tone of piety ap-
peared to be the only drawback to their sublun-
ary enjoyment. The individuality between the
se&es is less marked than in society elswhere ;
the menare generally mors serious, kindly and
gentle in their demeanor, the women more free
and self-possessed, intelligent, and independent.
They stand, in fact, in the community, precisely
upon the same footing as men. They are sub-
ject to the same general rules and regulations,
but are under special bonds, to no one, and have
no restraint and no pressure putupon theii own
inclinations or sense of duty. As to personal
appearance, they have generaly been misrepre-
sented by newspaper correspondents. The
truth is, men abuse the accessories of the toilet,
the paint, the whitewash, the false hair, the
long trains, and'thelike ; but they have become
accustomed to them, and they do' not think a
woman handsome without them. The women
of the Oneida community, Mrs. Croley says, use
no toilet arts ; the y do not even make the most
of their natural advantages. They cut th9ir hair
short, which is a pity, for beautiful hair is a
crown and glory to a woman, as a beard is to a
man; and they wear the most trying of all
dresses, a bloomer of medium length, with
straight trowsers. This is a very conveuieut and
very comfortable dress for work,'but it is neither
tasteful nor becoming. Moreover, they are out
of doors a good deal, which, while it brightens
their eyes, somewhat tans their complexions, a
discoloration which they take no pains to con-
ceal with powder. They are, however, cleanly
bright, active, intelligent, and well-formed, and,
if dressed, and frizzed, and puffed, ani painted,
and trailed in approved style, would hold their
own with the belles of any fashionable assem-
As Mrs. Croley is understood to be a member
and officer of the Sorosis, a report so favorable
of a society numbering hundreds of members,
and owning immense property of various kinds,
but that discard wholly the present popular idea
of marriage, could hardly have been expected.
While treating of this subject, it may not be
ill-judged to add an extract of an article from
the Circular, the organ of this association, show-
ing how it expects to accomplish its cherished
design of miUeuuializing the whole world ulti-
m vtely to itself:
Since the war of 1812-15, the line of Socialistic excite-
ment lies parallel with the line of religious Revivals,
Each had its two great leaders, and its two epochs of en-
thnsiam. Nettleton and Finney were to Revivals what
Owen and Fourier were to Socailism. Nettlton prepared
the way for Finney, though he was opposed to him, as
Owen prepared the way for Fourier. The enthusiasm
in both movements had the same progression. NeLtle-
tons agitation, Use Owen's, was moderate and some-
what local. Fiuney, like Fourier, swept the nation as
with a tempest. The Revival periods were a little in ad-
vance of those of Socialism. Nettleton commenced his
labors in 1817, while Owen entered the field 1821. Fin*
neywas at the height of his power in 1831-3, while
Fourier was carrying al! before him in 1842-3. Thus
the movements were to a certain extent alternate. Op-
posed as they were to each other theologicallyone
being a movement of Bible men, and the other of infi-
dels and liberalsthey could not be expected to hold
public attention simultaneously. But looking at the
whole period from the end of the war in 1815, to the end
of Fourierism after 1846, and allowing Revivals a little
precedence over Socialiasm, we find the two lines of ex-
citement parallel, and their phenomena wonderfully
As we have shown that the Socialist movement was
national so, if it were necessary, we might here show
that the Revival movement was national. There was a
time between 1831 and 1834 when the American people
came as near t) a surrender of all to God and the king-
dom of heaven, as they came in 1843 to a Socialist revo-
lution. The millennium seemed as near in 1843. And
the final effect of revivals was a hope watching for the
morning, which remains in the life of the nation, side
by sidenay, identicalwith the great hope of Socialism.
And these two movementsRevivalism and Socialism
opposed to each other as they may seem, and as they
have been in the creeds of their partisans, are closely
related in their essential nature and objects, and man-
ifestly belong together in the great scheme of provi-
dence, as they do in the history of this nation. They
are to each other as inner to outeras soul to bodyas
life to its surroundings. The revivalists had for their
great idea the regeneration of the soul. The great idea
of the Socialists was the regeneration of society, which
is the souls environment. These ideas belong together,
and are the complements of each other. Neither can be
successfully embodied by men whose minds are not
wide enough to accept them both.
In fact these two ideas, which in modern times have
got so far apart, were present together in original Chris-
tianity. When the spirit of truth pricked three thous-
and men to the heart and converted them on the day of
Pentecost, its next effect was to resolve them into, one
family aud introduce Communism of property. Thus
the greatest-of all Revivals was also the great inaugura-
tion of Socialism.
Undoubtedly the Socialists will think we make too
much of the Revival movement; and the Revivalists
will think we make too much of the Socialist movement;
and the politicians will think we make too much of both,
in assigning them important places in American his'ory.
But we hold that a mans deepest experiences are those
of religon and love ; and these are just the experiences
in respect to which he is most apt to be ashamed, and
most inclined to be silent. So the nation says but little,
and tries to thiok that it thinks but little, about its Re-
vivals and its Socialisms; but they are nevertheless the
deepest and most interesting passages of its history, and
worth more study as determinatives of character and
destioy than all its politics and diplomacies, its money
matters and its wars.
Doubtless the Revivalists and. Socialists despise each
other, and perhaps both will despise ns for trying to
reconcile them. But we will say what we believe; and
that is, that they have both failed in their attempts to
bring heaven on earth because they despised each other,
and would hot put their two great ideas together. The
Revivalists failed for wrant of a regeneration of society,
and the Socialists failed for want of a regeneration of the
On the one hand Revivalists needed daily meetings
and continuous criticism to save and perfect their con-
verts ; and these things they could not have without a
thorough reconstruction of domestic life. They tried
the expedient of u protracted meetings, which was
really a half-way attack on the fashion of the world;
bnt society was too strong for them, and their half mea-
sures broke down, as all half measures must. What
they needed was to convert their churches into unitary
families, and put them into unitary homes, where daily
meetings and continuous criticism are possibleand
behold, this is Socialism 1
On the other hand the Socialists, as often as they came
together in actual attempts to realize their ideals, found
that they were too selfish for close organization. The
moan of Macdonald was, that after seeing the stem
reality of the experiments, he lost'hope, and was obliged
to confess that he had imagined mankind better than
they are. This was the final confession of the leaders
in the Associative experiments generally, from Owen to
the last of the Fourierites; and this confession means,
that Socialism needed for its complement, regeneration
of the heartand behold, this is Revivalism.
These discords and failures of the past surely have no t
been in vain. Ferhaps Providence has carried forward
its regenerative designs in two lines thus far, for the
sake of the advantage of a division of labor. While
he Bible men have worked for the regeneration of the
soul, the Infidels and Liberals have been busy on the
problem of the reconstruction of society. Working
apart and in enmity, perhaps they have accomplished
more for final harmony than they could have done
together. Even their failures, when rightly interpreted,
may turn to good account. They have both helped to
plant in the heart of the nation an unfailing hope of the
good time coming, Their lines of labor, though we
have called them parallel, must really be convergent;
and we may hope tbat the next'phase of national his-
tory will be that of Revivalism and Socialism harmon-
ized, and working together for the kingdom of heaven.
The following extract is from Parton's life of Theo-
dosia Burr :
When Theodosia was ten years old Mary Wollstone-
erafts eloquent little book, A Vindication of the
Rights of Woman, fell into Mr. Burrs hands. He was so
powerfully struck by it that he sat up all night reading
it. Is it owing to ignorance, or prejudice,he wrote,
that I have not yet met a tingle person, who h ad dis-
covered, or would allow the merit of thfs work ? *
In the spirit of this book Theodosia's education was
conducted. Her mind had fair play. Her father took it
for granted that she could learn what a boy of the same
age could learn, and gave her precisely the advantages he
should have given a son. Besides the usual accomplish-
ments, French, music, dancing and riding, she' learned
to read Horace, Virgil, Terence, Lucian, Homer, in the
original. She appears to have read all of Terence and
Lucian, a great part of Horace, all the Iliad, and a large
portion of the Odyesey. Cursed effects, exclaimed
her father once, of fashionable education, of which
both sexes are the advocates, and yours eminently the
victim. If I could foresee that Theo, would become a
mere fashionable woman, with all the attendant frivolity
and vacuity of mind, adorned with whatever graoe or
allurement, I would earnestly pray God to take her forth -
with hence. But I yet hope, by her, to convince the
world what neither sex appears to believe, that women
have souls.
The London correspondent of the Boston
Advertiser says :
Miss Harriet Martineau has consented to the issue,
in one volume, of some iortyor fifty biographical sketch*
es written by her in the period betweeu 1852 and 1868.
The sketches will be divided into groups. Under the
head of historical characters come the Duchess of Glou-
cester, the Czar Nicholas, the Eiug of Prussia, Prince
Metternich, and the Duchess of Kent.
The political sketches comprise, among others, Lord
Herbert, the Earl of Elgin, the Earl of Carlisle, Lord
Palmerston, and Lord Brougham. There will also bo
sketches of the three great lawyers, Lords Denman,
Lyndhurst and Campbell; soldiers like Sir W. Napier
and Lord Raglan, and philosophers like Humboldt and
George Combe; and a whole cluster of eminent people
about whom every educated man aud woman possesses
more or less curiosity. Miss Berry, Lady Byron, Mrs.
Opie, Miss Mitford, Charlotte Bronte. Mrs. Marcet, Mrs.
Wordsworth, and Mrs. Jameson ; Professor Wilson, J.
G. Lockhardt, S. Rogers, J. W. Croker, Mr. Hallam, De
Quincy, Lord Macaulay, and W. §. Langdon theso all
contribute to make it a book of gold.
New but Needed School.The New York
Sun says the Childrens Aid Society propose to
establish a training school for servants, as soon
as they can obtain sufficient means for the pur-
pose, where young girls wishing to go into ser-
vice may be taught cooking, laundry and other
household work. The want of Such an institu-
tion has long been felt, and, if properly con-
ducted, it would be found very useful.
The Little Cobpoiulfor boys and girls, young
and oldfor there are lots of both. The Corporal has
got a new green jacket aud other nice things for winter,
and is so well-behaved as well as dressed, that be is fit
for parlor, as well as kitchen. Send one dollar, aud in-
vi te him and see. Chicago: A. L. Sewall,

The following interesting and forcible reply
to a Toast for The Ladies, was made at a
German Campaign dinner recently, by Dr. E.
W. Hoeber :
At this rdoment. in which our great joy at the election
of Grant, is marred by a bitter Hoffman drop, the great
chief dmy of every true republican appears to me to be
a decided and unconditional advocacy of the equal
rights of all,* not only without distinction of color and
race, but without distinction of sex.
The same prejudice, born of ignorance and the power
of habit, which so long prevented and, in a degree, still
prevents the Caucasian irom doing justice to his black
brother ; the same prejudice, which, for so long a time,
made the hypercivilized aristocratic society of Europe
deaf aud blind to the natural rights of the Jews ; this
same prejudice, this same terrible power of habit influ-
ences the male sex to-day ; makes them regard themselves
as the lords of creation, and causes them to dismiss the
subject of Womans Bights with that well known and
most intellectual argument, a haughty shrug of the
shoulders, and to declare it a chimerical whim of a num-
ber of fanaiics and theorists.
It is asserted that woman ought to remain in the
sphere which Datore has assigned to her, but it is for-
gotten that it is not nature, but we, men, who have as-
signed this sphere j we advise her to attend to the edu-
cation of her children, and forget that this advice cannot
possibly touch those who have never had children, much
less those who prefer to journey through life alone.
We reproach them with ignorance, of politics, and do
not cousider that we forcibly preventthem Irom acquir-
i ng political knowledge. We consider them unqualified to
vote, and forget that women have been and are queens,
and that many of them have ruled their states better
than many male sovereigns.
We say, that they are too lazy to work, and at the
same time declare it a disgrace lor a lady to gain her own
livelihood in the manner which pleases her most. A
clerk has access to good society, so-called; but the nose
of good society, so called, turns up very aristocratically
at a shop-girl who ventures to approach it. We deny
women entrance into our universities, studios, and offi-
ces, and then declare them incapable of being good phy-
sicians, artists and lawyers. Secretly we ask their advice
on important questions, while publicly we deride their
We deny them equal rights, because they cannot-per-
form the highest duty of the citizen, they cannot turn
soldiers, and yet we concede equal rights with ourselves
to every dullard and cripple, who cannot be soldiers
either. And we forget altogether, that war is but a
jeer and a mockery at culture and civilization, and that
it may be reserved to the pacifying element of womans
tact and womanly grace, to remove this stain from hu-
Finally, so-called philosophers undertake to silence us,
the champions of Woman's Bights, by telling us, tbat
women, alter all, do not desire equal rights with men.
They do not consider, that women have been educated
in a way to make them regard as unwomanly a demand
of equal rights ; and do not consider that those who
do not demand them cannot be considered as speaking
for those who do.
We reproach them with hunting for husbands, and
yet we make fun of every elderly lady who has remained
unmarried. We find fault with them for selling them-
selves with marriage; who but we are the shameless buy-
Let us at length confess itwe are the slaves of our
prejudices; let us not persuade ourselves that a state
of things cannot be changed, because hitherto it has
never been changed. Let us dismount from the high
Pegasus of the imagination ; let us not beguile ourselves
wih the belief that we honor women, so long as we as-
sign the kitchen and laundry to them as their appropri-
ate sphere. Let us admit that woman, to whom we en-
trust the bringing up ot our children, cannot make them
good citizens, so long as politics is a monopoly of our
sex, so long as political activity separates man from wife,
brother from sister. Open wide the door of your insti-
tutions to every one who desires to iearn, and yon shal]
soon see the negro contest the white mans laurels, wo-
min contest mans.
Aiiow women to select the husbands of their choice
aud the match-making by which our sisters are disposed
of will soon come to an end. Allow them the choice ot
a profession! Cooking and knitting, sweeping and
mending must be open to the selection of each individu-
al, as well as carpentry and authorship.

Let the women vote ; or is there one among you who
thinks that the result can be worse than it is to-day,
when men alone can exercise the right of suffrage ?
Do you not believe that political meetings and debates
would gain much in decorum and clearness if the sexes
were commingled? Or, are all men statesmen, and all
women gossips ?
Ladies and gentlemen, let us open to woman the possi-
bility of occupying a-higher place than she does to-day,
and she will, perhaps, attain to such eminence, that in
the course of centuries, it may happen that as we are
now deliberating in regard to them, they shall some day
deliberate whether men be indeed able to take part in
public affairs. Worse than we, they cannot attend to
them I
Ladies and gentlemen I Flatteries and compliments
are liesdoubly lies in tbe mouths of those who con-
sider themselves superior to the objects of their flatteries*
Let us be just ; then we may save our flatteries. The
poetry of love and of life will not thereby be lost;
the strength of man will ever bs a support for woman,
the grace and the tact of woman ever an assistance and
correction to man. Therelore, above and before at
things, let us be just 1 Justice, equal rights for all
black and whitemale and female. (Cheers).
It is said the poet Thomson wrote wThe
Seasons, in which he celebrates the Morning
in Summer, the Morning Walk, aBd all sorts
of morning glories and delights, lying lazily
in bed, often until noon. A good deal of ex-
cellent poetry and preaching too is thus unpar-
donably inconsistent. But not so are the fol-
lowing pretty stanzas, as this Editor is fully
competent to testify:
Queen of my tub, I merrily sing
While the white foam rises high ;
And sturdily wash aud rinse and wring,
And fasten the clothes to dry ;
Then out in the ffee fresh air they swing,
Under the summer sky.
I wish we could wash from our hearts and souls
The stains of the week away ;
And let water and air, by their magic, make
Ourselves as pure as they ;
Then on the earth there would he indeed
A glorious washing day I
Along the path of a useful life
Will heorts-ease ever bloom ;
The busy mind has no time to think
Of sorrow, or care, or gloom ;
And anxious thoughts may be swept away,
As we busily wield a broom.
I am glad a task to me is given
To labor at day by day,
For it brings me health and strength and hope,
And I cheerfully learn to say,
Head, you may think, Heart, you may feel,
But Hand you shall work alway I
A New Confessor. The Genessee Valley
Hei'dLd. has an article signed Man bursting all
out with wisdom like a cask of air slacked lime
on Woman Suffrage. Here are samples :
When the cloud of darkness that shut man out of the
Garden of Eden first covered the earth, the Almighty put
his curse on the human race, and In that anathema He
said to the woman, He (man) shall rule over you.
God then and there, for all future time, settled the
boundaries over which woman could not pass ; aDd from
then till now all history shows woman to have been kept
in the back-groun.1, and to have been the inferior of man.
There has never been a woman who showed the military
genius of Napoleon or Hannibal, or the political genius
of a Clay or a Webster, though, to give Satan hie due,
they have shown a genius that raises them up, tar up,
above the rest of their race. Blind Tom is probably one
of the best pianists in the world, but he dont excel in
anything else; and you would hardly think of placing
him above the rest of the human race. So womao, al-,
though there have been instances where she has excelled
sort of shooting 6tars in the bfoad expanse ol womans
labor and influencestall, as I said before, these stars
cant approximate in brightness to the glory of the me-
teors which have darted forth through the extended
space of man's work under the sun. The womans
place is at the hearth-stone, in the nursery, in the home
of her husband, where her will is supreme. But to gi ve
her the ballot puts a power into her hand which she will
not know how to wield, and she will be a good deal like
the man who had the present of an elephant
Multitudes oi Mans talk this way in sober
earnest. Probably, however, this Man should
have had a Wo prefix.
A Wise Proposal.Mr. John Stuart Mill late-
ly announced in England that it was his inten-
tion to propose a law in the House of Commons,
allowing the public museums and libraries of the
United Kingdom to be opened on Sundays lor
the instruction and entertainment of the people,
and as a powerful means of drawing them away
from their grosser habits of enjoyment on those
What can be more absurd than to endow great
libraries and similar institutions for the educa-
tion and elevation of the poorer Glasses espe-
cially, who are not able to furnish these advan-
tages for themselves, and then keep them close
locked up and guarded on the one only day in
the seven when they can possibly enjoy them!
The plagues of Tantalus need not be inflicted in
this nineteenth century on the millions whose
only sin is their poverty.
Female Telegraphers.The New York Sun
reports about eighty female operators employed
by the American Telegraph Company, nearly one
half oi whom are in this city. In the main
office, at 145 Broads ay, there are nineteen young
women under the management of Miss Snow,
and at a branch office in Pearl street, Mrs. M.
E. Lewis has charge of seven others, all of whom
are skilled operators. Both of these ladies have
entire charge of their respective departments,
and their management has given complete sat-
isfaction, both to their superiors and customers.
The business of the Pearl street office has in-
creased rapidly, until it stands first among all
the offices in the city. The salaries of women
vary from $30 to $50 per month, while managers
receive $100 per month. Male operators receive
on an'1 average $75 per month, and several have
over $100, while managers get $145 and $160.
Large numbers of women are engaged as tele-
graphers in England and France, 160 being em-
ployed in London alone.
A New Law Question.A suit has been be-
fore a Buffalo court, involving the question
whether a wife can he a business partner with
her husband?
The action was brought to recover for the
sale of goods. The defence set up a non-join-
der of parties, claiming that the wife of the de-
fendant, Colwell, should have been made a de-
fendant in the case, for the reason that she had a
joint interest in the business with h<*r husband ;
that at the time of the creation of the firm she
and her husband put in an equal amount of cap-
ital, and that the capital put in by her was
her own separate property, and that although
wife of the def?ndent, she could be his partner.
Judge Barker decided that a mans wife could
not be his partner in business, and ordered judg-
ment for the plaintiff for the amount sued for.
The defendants counsel intend to appeal the
case, claiming that a woman has the right under
the present statutes of tbis state to invest her
money as she pleases, and that she can become
a partner in business with her husband.

The store of the Working Mens Co-operative Society,
in Halifax,, England, is a handsome stone building, erect-
ed at a cost of $100,000. The basement contains seven
shops belonging to the Societya butchers, a provision,
a boot and shoe, a linen drapers, a grocers, and a tai"
lors. On the second floor are coffee rooms for members
of the society, male or female, reading rooms, a dining
room, and a smoking room. Various other conveniences
are provided for the iortun&te association, and the whole
building, it is stated, is fitted up with aliberality not sur-
passed by the best London clubs. The association has
a farm of sixty acres, situated about a mile horn Halifax,
whore grain is grown and sheep are raised. The mem-
bers and their families go out to Ibis spot and enjoy them-
selves at rural festivals. The association commenced
operations in 1840, and lived through a long period of
discouragement. At present the association numbers
five thousand members. Its yearly sales in 1866 had'
reached $600,000 ; its profits $60,000, exclusive of a sum
set apart for books, lectures and newspapers.Salem
(Mass.) Gazette,
Politeness of Brooklyn Gentlemen.If
any one wishes for an illustration of the civility
of the Brooklynites of the male persuasion, he
or she need only step aboard a Pulton Ferry
\ boat at any time of day, but especially morning
or evening. Poor, tired girls who have walked
miles before reaching the boat have to stand,
while men, who have walked a few blocks from
comfortable homes, or ridden in a car, keep the
seats, reading their papers in sublime indiffer-
ence. And this in the Ladies Cabin, where la-
dies should have the prior right to seats. If
the gentlemen do keep their own cabin so filthy
that th8y cannot remain in it, is that any excuse
for intruding on the property of women ? In
this, as in many other matters, two w'ongs do
not make a right. %*
Who will et the Fashion ?American wo-
men have enamaled their faces, but there is still
another barbarity which they can inflict on thcm-
selves by following the custom of the Japanese
married women, who shave their eyebrows and
paint their teeth black. For coloring the teeth
they use a mixture of vile ingredients, including
filings of iron and sakee. They have also
attained high art in the use of their rouge,
which, when a slight coat is applied, gives a
lively red color, but when it is put on thick a
deep violet hue, which is the most prized.
Sorrowful Story.We were once urged to
become a Foreign Missionary and had very se-
rious thoughts of it, moved more by the con-
dition of woman in heathen lands than anything
else told us by the missionaries of our acquaint-
ance already there. But here is a scene in our
own Christian (!) country, described by the Bead-
ing (Pa.) Daily Eagle:
Mrs. Mary Boyles, with four small children, the oldest
seven years old, and the youngest less than a year old,
were picked up on the streets of Sfc. Joseph, Mo., on the
10th inst., suffering terribly from cold, and almost
starved. She says her business was to chop a cord of
wood a day, at one dollar a cord, or to make one hundred
rails a day at the same rate. She had fenced and cleared
ten acres of ground, and burnt three coalpits, besides
doing work of all kinds at odd times. She says that she
would a heap rather do mens work than tend her young
uns, though she loves them dearly. When asked if
she would give up her children, she replied most em-
phatically. No, never, till God calls them from me.
Mixed.We are told that Mrs. Mary J.
Walker, and not Mrs. Dr. Mary J. Walker, is
the editor of a reform paper in Chicago, the
Sorosis, Mrs, Dr. Walker resides in this city,
rMt §fVfilttiifitt.
Caste at Communion.The Chicago Advance
is informed that at the recent meeting of the
Holstein Conference of the Methodist Church
(North) at Chattanooga, Tenn,, the commu-
nion was distributed to the colored members of
the Conference after the whites had been
served. This spirit of caste, says the Advance}
is driving the colored ministers and members
into the African Methodist church.
Too Delicate to Vote.The French papers
tell of a lady in a crowd of children who, being
kitten by a mad dog, held on to the animal till he
could be secured, and thus saved the lives of the
others. For this bravery the government has
given her a gold medal, her life happily being
spared. Women may encounter mad dogs or
wild beasts and be applauded as heroes, but men
warn them not to approach them at the polls!
Beware of men.
Spirits no Respecters of Persons.The
Boston Banner of Light says:
Mrs. Hattie E. Wilson, tbe colored trance speaker, has
recently lectured in Malboro, in this State, to the very
general satisfaction of her audience, giving utterance to
many-great truths of Spiritualism, in a manner that
reached the comprehension at once. The correspondent
says her lecture was superior to the efforts of the rever-
end divines in that place, and that the people are anxious
. to have her visit them again.
Marriage.Mr. Thoreau somewhere says :
Considering how few poetical friendship& there are, it
is remarkable that so many are married. It would seem
as if men yielded too easy obedience to*palure without
consulting their genius. One may be drunk with love,
without being any nearer to finding bis or her mate.
There is more of good nature than of good sense at the
bottom of most marriages. But (he good nature must
have the counsel of the good spirit of intelligence. If
common sense had been consulted, how many mar-
riages would never have taken place! if uncommon or
divine sense, how lew marriages such as we witness
would have taken place!
The World does Move.In the reigu of George III.,
a married woman of the tender age of nineteen and the
mother of two children, was hanged at Tyburn, for an
attempt at petty theft. The case was thus recorded in
a public report of the poor womans trial and execution.
She was very young, under nineteen, and remarkably
handsome. She went to a linen-drapers shop, took
some coarse linen off the counter, and slipped it under
her cloak. The shopman saw her and she laid it down.
For this she was hanged. Her defence was that she had
lived in credit, and had wanted for nothing, till the
press since then, she had no bed to lie on, nothing to eat, and
they were almost nakedand perhaps she might have
done something wrong, for she scarcely knew what she
did. The parish officer testified to the (ruth of this
story. When brought to receive sentence, she behaved
in such a frantic manner as proved her mind to be in a
desponding and distracted state ; and the child was
sucking at her breast when she set out for Tyburn to be
Wasted Lives.The author of the Schonberg Cotta
Family puts ideas into the mouth of her speakers which
are worth remembering. As for instance, the remark :
In the language of men, many lives are said to be wast-
ed on the battle-field ; I am not sure but, in the language
of angels, lives are said to be wasted in easy and luxuri-
ous homes.
Workingmens Colleges.The progress of the age
has at length reached such a point that in England, so
their papers tell us, a Workingmens College "has
been established. The lectures to be delivered there em-
brace matters suitable for elementary and advanced
olasses in English, French, German, Latin, and Greek
grammar and literature, English composition and his-
tory, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and
book-keeping, botany, music, and drawing.
Oaths and Earthquakes.-The school master has evi-
dently not ma^e his presence familiar to the Hungarians.
It is stated that the district in that country lying between
Pesth and Jasbereny has been lately visited by severe
earthquakes in common with many other places, which
have seriously damaged several large public buildings.
Happily, however, the local authorities have discovered
the cause of these phenomena, which they announce to be
the prevalence of the habit of swearing 1 Accordingly,
the said authorities declare that every one, without re-
spect of persons, who is heard to swear is to be fined 25
floriDs and to receive 20 stripes ; and everybody who
hears another swear is requested to deliver up such
wicked earthquake-breeder to the police.
Just Rebuke.At a recent dinner at which no ladies
were present, a man in responding to the toast on
woman, dwelt almost solely on the frailty of the sex,
claiming that the best among them were but little better
than the worst, the chief difference being in the sur.
roundings. At the conclusion of his speech, a gentle *
man rose and said : I trust the gentleman, in the ap-
plication of bis remarks, referred to his own mother and
sisters, and not to ours.
Miss Putnam, a lady from New York, has lately been
admitted to the examination of the Medical University
of Paris, with a view to entrance as a student. These ex
amioations are to be hereafter open to women.
Miss no9F, the youngest daughter of Nathaniel Haw-
thorne, is studying painting in Dresden, and gives
promise of distinguishing herself as^an artist.
New York, Oct. 20, 1868.
Messrs. Wheeler & Wilson, C25 Broadway.
Gentlemen : Referring to the challenge of
Mr. Pratt, whose Wheeler and Wilson sewing-
machine has been in use ten years without re-
pairing, I beg to state that I have used my
Wheeler & Wilson sewing-machine, in family
sewing, fourteen years, without even the most
trifling repairs, and it is now in so good condi-
tion that I would not exchange it for your latest
number (now upwardsof 350,000). One needle
served more than a year for fine sewing.
: Can any one beat this ?
Yours truly, Mrs. Anne Warner.
Any one who can give a better report than
this will be entitled to one of our new tucking
Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Co.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches for the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfect time-xeepeb. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest Imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture of the raov e-
menis, which are of nickel, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stook of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may he found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have -secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway,


Women as Canvassers.The Connecticut Mutual
Benefit Company advertise in another column for
women, (females, they call thorn; but doubtless mean-
ing women) as canvassers. The company do not say
what they have for women to do, but at 486 Broadway
all questions will be answered. 0. D. Case & Co.,
booksellers, 116 Nassau street, and J. B. Ford & Co.,
publishers, 164 Nassau street, also advertise for women
as canvassers. The present may not be the pleasantest
season of the year for women in this branch of enter-
prise, but many are pursuing it to great advantage to
themselves and their employers.
Sire to Son, and Daughter too.Five children,
two boys and three girls, carry on their deceased fathers
newspaper in Liberty, Miss., and one of the girls is the
editor-in -chief.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOB SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Froducts and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. A
laniic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. Few York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street manci
paled from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Ch'edil Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San F'ancisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the Highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep brigpi
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
VOL. II.NO. 23.
Editors of the Revolution:
All your readers are so muck interested to
know wliat should be our financial policy in
future, that I need not apologize for attempting
once more to make myself understood, and .
show, if I can, that we need but use our com-
mon sense, coupled with common honesty, to
bring us safely and speedily out of the false,
discreditable condition in which we have been
placed by the want of these essential elements
among those who for the past seven or eight
years have had the management of our affairs.
I know I am using strong language in relation
to the leaders of the party to which I belong,
and with which I am most in sympathy ; and I
regret very much the necossity for doing so,
because the party, as such, has done the country
and the world great service in breaking down the
aristocratic aggressive spirit of the southern
people, who have hitherto had control, and
teaching them that freedom, and not slavery, is
the destiny of our nation.
It was not necessary, however, in this work, to
set all natural laws of trade and finance, aside,
and adopt a course which, as individuals we
should he ashamed of, and thus lay ourselves
open to criticism and throw the whole country
into dire confusion as we have done by aban-
doning the old monetary standard, and attempt-
ing by legislation to make valueless paper equal
to jgold and silver, which are both useful in
themselves and which cannot be obtained ex-
cept by the application of labor, which deter-
mines theii cost, as compared with other pro-
It does not by any means follow because we
can compel our creditors to accept dollars worth
half price, that we can play the same game with
those of whom we desire to purchase commodi-
ties or labor, and we should above all things be
careful, when, for any reason, we desire to change
our standard of values, that the contracts for
payment of money then existing shall not be
impaired, but paid when due, as originally
The passage of tbe legal tender act, was a
gross violation of all monetary contracts then
existing and a most imprudent, uncalled for
swindle upon those who were creditors, or sub-
sisting upon fixed incomes, they being obliged
by the superior power of the government to ac-
cept, in many cases, less than half the value or
purchasing power which had been promised,
and upon which they depended for support.
The measure was one of simple, inexcusable
repudiation, and all the more flagrant for being
entirely unnecessary.
I have been told by the authors and abettors
of this act, that the government could not have
carried on the war in any other way, as there
was not gold enough in the country to do it.
Some of these men, at least, have lived in
New England, where, under the long tried Suf-
folk Bank system, it has been found ihat while
the business of tbe country increased immense-
ly, the amount of specie required was con-
stantly less, and they should have seen that it
was not only possible for the government to do
as Massachusetts does, and has for sixty years
past, but that it was perfectly easy and safe
to do so, and thus save us from the necessity
for the suspension, out of which so many evils
have been born. We required for the service,
men and the products of their labor, and these
were to be procured legitimately in one of two
modes: either hy a direct contribution, or tax,
or by a contribution for which there should be
a receipt given in the form of a debt on interest,
payable, or convertible at specific dates, and
according to a standard which had a well
known relation to labor.
Notes on interest payable at fair rates, by
the specie standard, were the least valuable
things the government could have given in ex-
change for what we needed, and it is notorious
that such notes, for small sums, with the inter-
est compounded, as proposed by Amasa Walk-
er, and others, would have answered every pur-
pose, acting as currency or money at first, but
rapidly passing into the form of investments,
and thus making room for constant new issues
to meet the wants of the service.
Two thousand millions of dollars of these
notes would have paid the whole cost of the
war, and not Jrequired any payment of interest
or principle for three years, during which pro-
vision could have been made for both without
creating a great banking monopoly, or destroying
the credit of the nation, and raising up a race of
speculators and gamblers who infest and de-
moralize every branch of business and make it
impossible for honest, well-disposed men to live
The remedy for the evils under which we are
suffering is to be found only in a return to the
condition in which we were prior to suspension,
and the establishment of a really, truly free
banking system which shall render future sus-
pensionimpossible, by showing practically, first,
that it is not specie we need so much as promp^.
convertibility ; and second, that with such con-
vertibility on the part of our banking institu-
tions, there can be no failure on the part of the
public generally, every person being directly or
indirectly connected with some institution which
is his financial centre, and controls all his busi-
ness movements.
Prompt redemption of bank notes and other
liabilities, means prompt payment everywhere,
and at all times.
Resumption means a return to the specie
standard, and that will make the dollar then
worth 35 or 40 percent, more than it is now,
and thus increase to just that extent the obliga"
tions of all debtors, unless we provide, as we
should, that existing contracts, payable in cur-
rency, are not to be prejudiced by the change,
but paid with the same value, or purchasing
power as before.
Do this and all parties will sustain the same
relation to others after resumption as before;
prices of all property being reduced and the as-
sets of the debtor lessened, and also the claims
of tho creditors, or the volume of thecurrency
in all its forms which represents the commodi-
ties for which we owe.
This is simple common sense and common
honesty, such as will protect all parties in their
jus! rights and make resumption as easy and safe
at one moment as another, and liberate all the
gold in the sub-treasury, so that it can be used to
pay our debts and stop interest, while we sub-
stitute a truly national currency, supplied by the
government but issued by the banks, which are
to be held to only one condition, viz. ; that, un-
der all circumstances, the notes are to be as good
as gold, and a portion of the profit on their cir-
culation be paid into the general treasury. But
at present we have to deal with the question
of resumption, and I desire your readers to con-
sider candidly the mode I have proposed.
Boston, Nov. 16, 1868. d. w.
The First Mortgage Seven per Cent. Sinking
Fund Bonds of the Rockford, Rock Island and
St. Louis Railroad Company, pay both Princi-
pal and Interest in GOLD COIN, Free of Gov-
ernment Tax.
Each Bond is for $1,000 or $2,000 Sterling, and
is convertible into stock at the option of the
holder. The coupons are payable Feb. 1st and
Aug. 1st, in New York or London, at the option
of the holder.
The Road runs from Rockford in Northern
Illinois to St. Louie, a distance including tracks
to Coal Mines, etc., of about 4C'0 miles, and
traverses the finest district of Illinois.
The Bonds have 50 years to run, and are a
lien of $21,000 per mile upon the Companys
railroad franchises, in coal-lands-?of which it
has 20,000 acres containing A. HUNDRED MIL-
LION TONS OF COALits rolling stock, and
property of every sort.
A subscription of $8,800,000, at par, to the
Capital Stock of the Company, furnishes a large
part of the means required to construct and
equip the road.
Nearly half the entire length of the road is
graded and substantially ready for the iron ;
the rails are now arriving upon the line. The
first division, giving an outlet to the coal, will
be in operation in 60 days, and track-laying will
from this time be prosecuted with the utmost
energy till the last rail is in position. The Com-

iftt gUvolutUtt.
pany intend to Lave the-i-oad in readiness for
the Autumn business of 1869.
The Bonds are for sale at 97£ and accrued in-
terest in currency, and may be obtained through
bankers and brokers throughout the country, or
at the office of the Company, 12 Wali Street,
New York.
The trustees for the Bondholders is the Union
Trust Company of New York.
Pamphlets giving full information sent on ap-
B. JT. BOODY, Treasurer. .
was easy throughout the week, call loans ranging at the
close from 5 to 6 per cent., with the supply consider-
ably in excess of the demand. The weekly bank state-
ment is not favorable. Tho loans increased during the
week $5,105,848, and the deposits $2,424,982, while the
legal tenders are decreased $2,947,730. The specie is in-
. creased $1,857,987, and the amount now held by the New
York city banks is $17,644,264.
The following table shows the changes in the New
Yor'r city banks compared with the preceding week :
Nov. 28.
Loans, $264,386,057
Specie, 15,786,277
Circulation, -84,234,563 j
Deposits, 187,418,835
Legal-tenders, 62,440,206
Dec. 5. Differences
$259,491,905 Inc. $5,105,848
17,644,264 Inc. 1,857,987
84,254,759 Dec. 29,804
189,843,817 Inc. 2,424,982
59,492,476 Dec. 2.947,730
was Arm and steady throughout the week, and active and
advanced at the close, the price reaching as high as 136%
owing to a series of bogus reports as to difficulties with
Russia and Turkey on the Eastern question, disturbances
in Paris, and the death of Louis Napoleon. Afterwards
price declined to 136 to 136%.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Monday,Nov. 80, 134% 135% 135% 135%
Tuesday, Dec. 1,134% 135% 135 135%
Wednesday, 2, 135% 135% 134% 135%
Thursday, 8, 135 335% 134% 135%
Friday, 4, 135% 135% 185% 135%
Saturday, 5, 135% 136% 135% 136%
was quiet and steady at 109% for prime bankers 60 days
sterling bills.
was heavy and unsettled at the close in sympathy with
the decline in New York Central to 124%, also by the in-
junction suit on that stock.
The following are the closing quotations :
Cumberland, 37% to 88% ; W., P. & Co., 26 to 26% ;
American, 44 to 45; Adams, 48% to 48% ; U. States, 45%
to46%; Merchants Union, 16% to 17; Quicksilver, 22%
to 22%; Canton, 48% to 49%; Pacific Mail, 116 to 116%;
W.U Tel., 37%to 37% ; N. Y. Central, 124% to 124% ;
Erie, 37 to 37% ; do. preferred, 59 to 60 ; Hudson
River, 128 to 129; Reading, 98% to 98% ; Wabash, 57%
to 58% ; Mil. & St., P. 66% to 66%; do. preferred,-
84% to 84% ; Port Wayne, 111% to 111%; Ohio &
Miss.,.30 to 39% ; Mich. Central, 119% to 120% ; Mich.
South, 88% to 88%; HI. Central, 144 to 146; Pitts-
burg, 86% to 87 ; Toledo, 101% to 101% ; Rock Island,
108 % to 108% ; North West, 78% to|79 ; do. preferred, 82
to 82%; B.-W. Power, 15 to 15%; B., H. & Erie, 26 to 27%;
Mariposa, 3 to 6 ; do. preferred, 20%to 21%.
were more active and [strong at the close, the leading
dealers reporting an increased demand over the counter.
Fisk & Hatch, 6 Nassau street, report tho following
quotations :
United States sixes, Pacific Railroad, 99 to 99% ;
United States sixes, 1881, registered, 110% to 110% ;
United States sixes, coupon, 115% to 115% ; United
States five-twenties, registered, 106% to 107% ; United
States five-twenties, coupon, 1862, 111% to 112 ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1864, 107% to 108 ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1865, 108% to 108%;
United States five-twenties, coupon, new, 1865, 110% to
110% ; United States five-twenties, coupon, 1867, 110%
to 110%; United States_ five-twenties coupon, 1868,
111 to 111% ; United States ten-forties, registered,
103%to 103% ; United States ten-forties, coupon, 105%
to 106.
for the week were $1,631,000 in gold against $1,739,000
$1,841,000 and $1,713,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $4,889,237
in gold against $5,320,493, $3,657,355, and $3,594,624 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $4,269,207 in currency against $3,261,984, $3,775,-
896, and $2,943,195 for the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $230,432 against $642,105, $22,100
and $252,050 for the preceding weeks.
TAiMiiiw.rirnmrm.Bni jmgi_mxgswsmm
Dr. B. Perry, Dermatologist, No. 49 Bond
street, N. Y., treats with special Prescriptions,
Falling, Loss and Prematurely Gray Hair, Dan-
druff, Itching, Eczema, Ringworm, Scald Heads,
and all diseases of the scalp which destroy the
hail'. The doctor permanently cures (by per-
sonal attention) Moles and Wens without cut-
ting, pain or scars. Also Comedones (black
worms or grubs), Moth Patches, Freckles, Un-
natural Red Noses, Pimpley Faces, and all cu-
taneous eruptions and soaley disquamations
upon the face or other parts ol the body.
No charge for consultation.
Send for interrogatory circular.
E N E D i C T S
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches. Very low
price. Send for price list.
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
Every Novelty of Style and Material.
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
Boys and Youths' Suits and Overcoats.
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods.]
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with the certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price Lirt mailed free on application.
FREEMAN & BURR'S Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y.
N. Y., Translator of German into English. Es-
says, books, advertisements translated accurately.
Address as above.
Published monthly, by the Reunion Community,
now successfully established in Soifthwest Missouri
advocates common property, co-operative labor and
unitary homes. Fifty cents per year. Specimen copies
sent free. Address
816 Chestnut street, S Lo uis, Me.
WANTEDMale and Female Agents for
the Connecticut Mutual Benefit Company.
Apply at Branch Office, No. 486 Broadwy, Cor. Broome
troet, N. Y.
The means provided for construction are ample, and
there is no lack of funds^or the most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Companys first mortgage
bonds, payable, principal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANY'S OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street and by JOSN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and by the
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the United
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Company's Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
1 vol....16mo....Price, $1.50.
"The book is a solemn, earnest, thrilling, enthusiastic
appeal, in which a noble wcmanTherself at ease, blessed
with flattering friends, with applause, with admiration,
takes all in her hand, and risks all in pleading the cause
of the poorest, the most maligned and scorned of God's
creatures. In the form of a story she makes a most
condensed, earnest, and powerful appeal to the heart
and conscience of this American nation on the sin of
" What gives ibis story its awful power is its truth.
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
"I wish that every person of maturity throughout the
length and breadth of the land may read it. Many of
the most remarkable incidents of the war of the rebel-
; lion are woven together by the thread of an interesting:
story, told in a dashing, spirited style. Some defects it
has; but, in comparison with its merits, they are too
unimportant to dwell upon."Lydia Maria Child.
I have read far enough to be greatly interested in if,
and to wish that a copy were in the hand of every voter_
God bless Anna Dickinson for this beautifuland effective
testimony against the infernal spirit of caste 1"Gerbit
"It is full of genuine feeling eloquently expressed,
and is pervaded by a sublime sympathy with the op-
pressed and by a high and beneficent purpose. We are
made to feel, in reading the book, that it is the work of
a brave woman, one who has broken away from the dull
and beaten path of prejudice and of conventional usage,
and has the courage to follow withersoever the truth
may lead.Frederick Douglass.
*** For sale by all booksellers. Sent post paid on re-
ceipt of price, by the Publishers,
18 4 and 63 Bleecker street, N. Y.
1 9 1 1 ----------
The Bruen Cloth Plate enables the Wheeler & Wilson
Machine to make three different stitches, and to Em-
broider beautifully. It will make a stich that can be
raveled, or one that cannot be ravUed, as may be re-
quired* It will make a plain stich (hat is ornamental.
It will sew from two ordinary spools of cotton or silk,
Without rewinding or filling bobbins
* |669 Bro dway, New York.
JOSTLady Agents Wanted.

Wxt |Uv0luti0ti.
In New York, Oct. 26, 1867,
294 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleeoker streets.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. But for every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed tor his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
because :
Its Directors are among the first men tor character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its. directors are all personally interested hi its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
cable sense.
Its assured are not confined to certain degrees of long-
titude, hut are free to travel and leside where they
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
tained annually, and DIVIDED to its members in exact
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to pay more than two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to be paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
It pay9 every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rcb its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailingpretences.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
The homoeopathic mutual life
No. 231 Broadway, New Tore,
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
Slate or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow from Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the s> mpathy of all Intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken ai the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
Send for Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President.
EDW. A. STANSBURY, Secretary.
stewart l. Woodford, counsel.
E. M. Kellogg, M.D. ) ,
J. W. Mitchell, M.D. J Medical Examiners.]
At office daily from >2 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
Dr. John Turner, 725 Tremont street, Boston.
Reynell k Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wightman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street. New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, lor the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
. Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
Notary Public, New Yobs.
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Metropolitan savings bank,
New Marble Fire-proof Banking House. Nos. 1
and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opposite Cooper Insti-
FROM $5 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit.
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
October, and moneys deposited on or before the 20th of
these months draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
33 Beckman St.^. top floor]
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reacting, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon VaLey Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
^ Wernersville, Berks Co., Pa.
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
It treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Woman's Rights and Free -
Divorce as candidly as Hepworth Dixon or Parton.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Affords volumes of suggestions.Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued. Bold sometimes brilliant:Pbila. City Item.
Large 8 vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York ; A. Winch, Phila.; N. E. News Co., Boston.
[See advertisement Oct. 8.] 15 17
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with .the city, for
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth,-NeAv. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
20 North William street,
18-5 y New York.
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
No. 15 Beekman St., New York.
has every train, station, steamboat* and landing
City Map sent by mail, 25 cents.
691 Broadway, N. Y.
Rich and racy reading ; scienti-
tains Henri Rochefort, Editor of the Paris Lantern; Dr.
F. Williamson; Frau Marie Simon, her work on the
battle-field ; Archbishop Manning ; Rev. Dr. Stockton ;
Phrenology in the School-room ; the Human Body;
Earning a Wite; Inhabitants of Brazil; Do as others
do ; Miraculous Healing; Religion and Nature ; Pro-
gress in Co-operation ; The Mink. The 49th Volume
commences next number. Terms, $3 a year. Newsmen
have it. Address £. R. WELLS, No, 389 Broadway, New
York. 21-2
The state league, a political
Temperance Journal18th Volume$2 per year
less to Clubs. Forty columns, eight pages. Every
father should provide his boys with this radical sheet.
Ciubs desired. Write us.
Syracuse, N. Y.
Mrs. j. b. jones, m.d., physician,
Surgeon and Accoucheur, 186 Newark Avenue,
Jersey City. Office hours, from 8 to 10 a.m* and 7 to 9
Special attention to female diseases. 21 ly