Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. n.NO. 2L
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1868.
'Whole no. go.
Cti foaolntion.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR,
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,) ____
PARKER PILLSBURY, ) ^aitors
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order o/Susan B. Anthony.
POST-OFFICE MONEY ORDERS
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many oithe large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have been sent to us with-
out any loss.
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. (f. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ike postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS/
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIX DOLLARS, W6 Will
give one copy of
REBECCA; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mr3. Caroline Fairfield Corbin. Price $1.76
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement,
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Diok-
lnson. Price $1.50.
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give one copy of
KELLOGGS NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,
Price $1.26. ,
For two new subscribers and FOUR dollars, we will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs,
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ANNA E. DICKINSON,
or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 40 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett, Price,
$40.
For 76 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Lady's Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $76,
For 100 Subscribers, au elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time,
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
tail prices.
PETITION FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE,
[Eveby person receiving a copy of this petition is
earnestly desired to put it in immediate and thorough
circulation, for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Woman's Suffrage Association of America,
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.]
To the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in
Congress Assembled:
The undersigned citizens of the State of-
earnestly but respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
and women.
NAMES. | NAMES*
RELEASE OF GEORGE FRANCIS 2RAIN,
A Cable dispatch from London on Saturday
evening last announces the release of George
Francis Train from the British Bastile in Dub-
lin, the plaintiffs in the case against him hav-
ing withdrawn the suits.
Mr. Train has issued writs against the Mar-
quis of Abercom, the Lord-Lieutenant of Ire-
land, for one hundred thousand dollars damages
for false imprisonment, and against the Ebbw
Vale Steel Company for twenty thousand dollars.
Mr. Train is now on his way to New York.
TEE PROSPECT,
IRE RIGHT WORD AT LAST.
The word is at last spoken in Congress ; the
right word. And Mr. Julian, of Indiana, carries
the tongue that uttered it. The right word, in
the right way, was never spoken there before.
Congress and the country have heard the word.
Many members of Congress may have done
virtuously, but Mr. Julian excels them all. Here
is his proposition :
Be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Rep-
resentatives of the United Stales of America in
Congress assembled (two thirds concurring),
That the following article be submitted to the
Legislatures of the several statos, and when
adopted by three-fourths of the states shall
become a part of the constitution of the United
States, and be known as* article fifteenth of
amendments to said constitution :
article xv.
The right of suffrage in the United States
shall be based upon citizenship, and shall be
regulated by Congress ; and all citizens of the
United States, whether native or naturalized,
shall enjoy this right equally, without any dis-
tinction or disd'imination whatever founded on
racef color, or sex.
General Grant says, Let us have peace!
Never, General, as the Lord liveth, until this
amendment to the constitution, or its equiva-
lent, is the law of the land ! p. p.
When Maximin, the bloody tyrant of the
Roman Empire, was before Aquileia with his vast
army and powerful machines, and the inhabit-
ants of that besieged town were in want of
ropes to repair their military engines, the Aquile-
ian matrons cut their long hair from their heads
and handed it to their fighting husbands. A
temple was afterwards built to Venus in honor
of these patriotic women.
The prospect of The Revolution just
now, is what we mean. We are receiving most
encouraging lists of subscribers, and hope to
commence the new year and our third volume
under most auspicious circumstances. We
again direct attention to our list of premiums
for new subscribers, and hope the leisure of
winter in the rural regions of -the country, will
be improved to the great adyantage^f all who
undertake for us, and of The Revolution,
and the cause to which it is specially devoted.
WOMANS, SUFFRAGE CONVENTION IN
NEW HAMPSHIRE.
We have received the Call for a Convention to
be held in Concord, N. H., on the 22d and
23d instant, signed by a hundred and twenty
men and women of the state, many of them
from among the most prominent and influential
classes, of all callings and professions ; and the
occasion can hardly fail to be one of profound
interest, and of great service to the enterprise.
Lucy Stone is the only speaker we have heard of
who is expected from abroad, though doubtless
other able advocates of the cause will be in at-
tendance.
RHODE ISLAND WOMANS SUFFRAGE,
CONVENTION.
The meeting last week in Providence was in
numbers and ability, eminently successful.
Mrs. Elizabeth Borden Chase, of Valley Falls,
presided, and addresses were made by Col. Hig-
ginson, Paulina Wright Davisr Lucy Stone,
Frederick Douglass, Mrs. O. F. Shepard, Rev.
John Boyden, Dr. Mercy B. Jackson, S. S. Fos-
ter, Abby Kelley Foster and others. A State As-
sociation was formed and officers were elected.
The following are a part of the resolutions
considered and adopted:
Resolved, That the Constitutional Amendment just
proposed by Senator Pomeroy of Kansas, extending
suffrage to all men and women, meets with our hearty


approval as the only thorough a.i-l consistent basis of
national reconstruction.
Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention and of
the people of Rhode Island are due to Senator Anthony
for bis argument and vote for "Woman Suffrage in the
Senate of the United States, and also to Senator Sprague
for writing an appeal to the people of the United States
urging them to extend suffrage to women on equal terms
with the men.
TilA li TOUTS OF WO MA .
6Y MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT1790.
CHAPTER XITI.
SOME INSTANCES OF THE FOLLY WHICH THE IG-
NORANCE OF WOMEN GENERATES ; WITH CON-
CLUDING REFLECTIONS ON THE MORAL IM-
PROVEMENT THAT A REVOLUTION IN FEMALE
MANNERS MIGHT NATURALLY^BE EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE.
There are many follies, in some degree pe-
culiar to women : sins against reason, of com-
mission as well as of omission ; but all flowing
from ignorance or prejudice. I shall only point
out such as appear to be injurious to their moral
character. And in animadverting on them, I
wish especially to prove, that the weakness of
mind and body, which men have endeavored by
various modes to perpetuate, prevents their dis-
charging the peculiar duty of their sex : for
when weakness of body will not permit them
to suckle their children, and weakness of mind
makes them spoil their tempersis woman in a
natural state ?
SECTION i.
One glaring instance of the weakness which
proceeds from ignorance, first claims attention,
and calls for severe reproof.
In this metropolis a number of lurking leeches
infamously gfrin a subsistence by practicing on
the credulity of women, pretending to castnativi-
ties, to use the technical word ; and many fe-
males, who, proud of their rank and fortune,
look down on the vulgar with sovereign con-
tempt, show, by this credulity, that the distinc-
tion is arbitrary, and that they have not_suffi-
ciently cultivated their minds to rise above vul-
gar prejudices. Women, because they have not
been led to consider the knowledge of their duty
as the one thing necessary to know; or, to live
in the present moment by the discharge of it,
are very anxious to peep into futurity, to learn
what they have to expect to render life inter-
esting, and to break the vacuum of ignorance.
I must be allowed to expostulate seriously
with the ladies who follow these idle inven-
tions ; for ladies, mistresses of families, are not
ashamed to drive in their own carriages to the
door of the cunning man. And if any of them
should peruse this work, I entreat them to an-
swer to their own hearts the following ques-
tions, not forgetting that they are in the pre-
sence of God.
Do you believe that there is but one God, aud
that he fs powerful, wise and good ?
Do you believe that all things were created
by him, and that all beings are dependent on
him?
Do you rely on his wisdom, so conspicuous
in his works, and in your own frame, and are
you convinced that he has ordered all things
which do not come under the cognizance of your
senses, in the same perfect harmony, to fulfil
his designs ?
Do you acknowledge that the power of look-
ing into futurity and seeing things that are not,
as if they were, is an attribute of the Creator?
And should he, by an impression on the minds
of his creatures, think fit to impart to them some
event hid in the shades of time, yet unborn, to
whom would the secret be revealed by imme-
diate Inspiration? The opinion of ages will an-
swer this questionto reverend old men, to
people distinguished for eminent piety.
The oracles of old were thus delivered by
priests dedicated to the service of the God who
was supposed to inspire them. The glare of
the worldly pomp which surrounded these im-
postors, and the respect paid to them by artful
politicians, who knew how to avail themselves
of this useful engine to bend the necks of the
strong under the dominion of the cunning,
spread a sacred mysterious veil of sanctity over
their lies and abominations.
Impressed by such solemn devotional parade,
a Greek or a Roman lady might be excused, if
she inquired of the oracle, when she was anx-
ious to pry into futurity, or inquire about some
dubious event: and ber inquiries, however con-
trary to reason, could not be reckoned impious.
But can the professors of Christianity ward off
that imputation ? Can a Christian suppose
that the favorites of the most High, the highly
favored, would be obliged to lurk in disguise, and
practice the most dishouest tricks to cheat silly
women out of the money which the poor cry
for in vain ?
Say not that such questions are an insult to
common sense, for it is your own conduct, O,
ye foolish women! which throws an odium on
your sex! And- these reflections should make
you shudder at your thoughtlessness, and irra-
tional devotion, for I do not suppose that all of
you laid aside your religion, such as it is, when
you entered those mysterious dwellings. Yet,
as I have throughout supposed myself talking
to ignorant women, for ignorant ye are in the
most emphatical sense of the word, it would be
absurd to reason with you on the egregious folly
of desiring to know what the Supreme Wisdom
has concealed.
Probably you would not understand me, were
I to attempt to show that it would be absolutely
inconsistent with the grand purpose of life, that
of rendering human creatures wise and vir_
tuous: and that, were it sanctioned by God, it
would disturb the order established in creation;
aud if it be not sanctioned by God, do you ex-
pect to hear truth? Can events be foretold,
events which have not yet assumed a body to
become subject to mortal inspection, can they
be foreseen by a vicious worldling, who pam-
pers his appetites by' preying on the foolish
ones?
Perhaps, however, you devoutly believe in the
devil, and imagine, to shift the -question, that
he may assist his votaries? but if really respect-
ing the power of such a being, an enemy to
goodness and to God, can you go to church
after having been under such an obligation to
him ?
Prom these delusions to those still more fash-
ionable deceptions, practiced by the whole tribe
of magnetizers, the transition is very natural.
With respect to them, it is equally proper to ask
women a few questions.
Do you know anything of the construction of
the human frame ? If not, it is proper that
you should be told, what every child ought to
know, that when its admirable economy has been
disturbed by intemperance or indolence, I speak
not of violent disorders, but of chronic dis-
eases, it must be brought into a healthy state
again by slow degrees, and if the functions of
life have not been materially injured, regimen,
another-word for temperance, air, exercise, and
a few medicines prescribed by persons who
have studied the human body; are the only hu-
man means, yet discovered, of recovering that
inestimable blessing, health, that will bear inves-
tigation.
Do you then believe that these magnetizers,
who, by hocus pocus tricks, pretend to Work a
miracle, are delegated by God, or assisted by
the solver of all this kind of difficultiesthe
devil.
Do they, when they put to flight, as it is said,
disorders that have baffled the powers of medi-
cine, work in conformity to the light of reason ?
Or do they effect these wonderful cures by su-
pernatural aid?
By a communication, an adepts may answer,
with the world of spirits. A noble privilege, it
must be allowed. Some of the ancients men-
tion familiar demons who guarded them from
danger, by kindly intimating (we cannot guess
in what manner), when any danger was nigh ; or
pointed out what they ought to undertake.
Yet the men who laid claim to this privilege,
out of the order of nature, insisted, that .it was
the reward or consequence of superior temper-
ance and piety. But the present workers of
wonders are not raised above their fellows by
superior temperance or sanctity. They do not
cure for the love of God, but money. These
are the priests of quackery, though it be true
they have notthe convenient expedient of selling
masses for souls in purgatory, nor churches,
where they can display crutches, and models of
limbs made sound by a touch or a word.
I am not conversant with the technical terms,
nor initiated into the arcana, therefore I may
speak improperly ; but it is clear, that men who
will not conform to the law of reason, and earn
a subsistence in ah honest way, by degrees, are
very fortunate in becoming acquainted with
such obliging spirits. "VI e cannot, indeed, give
them credit for either great sagacity or good-
ness, else they would have chosen more noble
instruments, when they wished to show them-
selves the benevolent friends of man.
It is, however, little short of blasphemy to
pretend to such power.
From the whole tenor of the dispensations o f
Providence, it appears evident to sober reason,
that certain vices produce certain effects : and
can any one so grossly insult the wisdom of
God as to suppose that a miracle will be al-
lowed to disturb bis general laws, to restore to
health the intemperate and vicious, merely to
enable them to pursue the same course with
impunity? Be whole, and sin no more, said
Jesus. And are greater miracles to be per-
formed by those who do not follow his footsteps,
who healed the body to reach the mind ?
The mentioning of the name of Christ after
such vile impostors may displease some of -my
readersI respect their warmth ; but let them
not forget that the lollowers of these delusions
bear his name, and profess to be the disciples of
him, who said, by their worts we should know
who were the children of God, or the servants
of sin. I allow that it is easier to touch the
body of a saint, or to be magetized, than to re-
strain our appetites or govern our passions ; but
health of body or mind can only be recovered by
these means, or we make the Supreme Judge
partial and revengeful.
Is he a man, that he should change, or punish
out of resentment? Hethe common father,
wounds but to heal, says reason, and our irre-
gularities producing certain consequences, we
are forcibly shown the nature of vice; that thus
learning to know good from evil, by experience


5>
Stu 371
we may bate one and love the other, in propor-
tion to the wi3dom which we attain. The poi-
son contains the antidote ; and we either reform
our evil habits, and cease to sin against our own
bodies, to use the forcible language of Scrip-
ture, or a premature death, the punishment of
sin, snaps the thread of life.
Here an awful, stop is put to our inquu-ies.
But why should I conceal my sentiments ? Con-
sidering the attributes of God, I believe, that
whatever punishment may follow, will tend, like
the anguish of disease, to show the malignity
of vice, for the purpose of reformation. Posi-
tive punishment appears' so contrary to the na-
ture of God, discoverable in all his works, and
in our own reason, that I could sooner believe
that the Deity paid no attention to the conduct
of men, than that he punished without the
benevolent design of reforming.
To suppose only, that an all-wise and power-
ful Being, as good as he is great, shall create a
being, foreseeing that after fifty or sixty years
of feverish-existence, it would be plunged into
never-ending woeis blasphemy. On what will
the worm feed that is never to die ? "On folly,
on ignorance, say yeI should blush indig-
nantly at drawing the natural conclusion, could
I insert it, and wish to withdraw myself from
the wing of my God! On such a supposition,
I speak with reverence, he would be a consum-
ing fire. We should wish, though vainly, to fly
from his jtfesence when fear absorbed love, and
darkness involved all his counsels.
J know that many devout people boast of sub-
mitting to the will of God blindly, as to an ar-
bitrary sceptre or rod, on the same principle
as the Indians worship the devil. In other
words, Like people in the common concerns of
life, they do homage to power, and cringe under,
the foot that can crush them. Rational reli-
gion, on the contrary, is a submission to the
wilt of a being so perfectly wise, that all he
wills must be directed by the proper ihotive
must be reasonable.
And, if thus we respect God, can we give
credit to the mysterious insinuations, which in-
sult his laws ? Can we believe, though it should
stare us in the face, that he would work a
miracle to authorize confusion by sanctioning
an error ? Yet we must either allow these im-
pious conclusions, or treat with contempt every
promise to restore health to a diseased body by
supernatural means, or to foretell the incidents
that can only be foreseen by God.
{To be Continued,)
WOMANS SUFFRAGE.
The Herald of Health has an article on Wo-
mans Suffrage, by Mrs. Horace Mann, from
which the following is extracted :
Those of us who have sons, feel the import-
ance' of being well versed in the theory of our
government, that from earliest youth, -while
still plastic in our hands, they may be taught to
discriminate between law, as planted in the
heart by God, and the laws that are made by men,
and therefore\ subject to the imperfection that
attends all human acts ; to discriminate, in short,
between the Higher Law and the Lower
Law, whose irrepressible conflict on one
subject, still shakes us to the centre, and will
shake the world till the higher takes the place
of the lower law in all things. In this country,
education falls so much into t£e hands of wo-
man, not entirely because her work is cheap-
er, as is too often said, but because there is
freedom enough here to suffer things of import-
ance, at least, to verge toward their fitting solu-
tion, however far we still may be from that ideal
condition in which they will actually find it.
Education is so far put into womans hands,
that its quality for all must depend much upon
the quality of their culture. Mind is of no sex,
but deep, systematic culture has hitherto been
chiefly in the physically stronger sex. Men of
even ordinary capacity and education are in the
habit of assuming superiority over women of
far more penetrating intellect than their own,
and even such women are apt to yield to it,
partly because mans practical business habits
give him a decided advantage in the common
concerns of life, and partly from the habit of
ages. But what is simply old is not necessarily
right, or entitled even to the epithet venerable,
taken in the highest sense of that word. A
thing may be stereotyped but not hallowed by
time, and most of the legendary maxims upon
this now vexed subject are as shallow as they
are old. They took their rise in times which
form no parallel tS ours, and therefore are not
applicable to ours. The children of a republic
that is expected to last, should be taught the
doctrine of the rights of all, the equality of
privileges of all, limited only by the capacity to
use them. It demoralizes them to hear the
expression women cannot judge of politics-or
of public affairs. It blunts their respect and
sensibility to the fine moral discriminations they
might otheiwise learn to exercise irom those
who help them from their childhood to hunt
truth into corners, and who teach them history,
than which no branch of instruction needs
deeper culture. We see the young ladies who
teach in our high schools, reading literature
with their mixed classes of boys and girls, so
that young men and maidens get their first
ideas of things from this source. Some of the
illustrations ai*d explanations given are quit^
good, but the life and modes of thought of a
nation are often embodied in the work of a liter-
ary genius, and how can it be understood by
those who do not know that politics form much
of the basis of these modes of thought? We
do know of, and sometimes see philosophical
minds in women who have incidentally enjoyed
advantages in this direction of culture, and we
are tempted to exclaim, as a distinguished law-
yer once exclaimed, that woman ought to have
studied law, the best education the world can
give for the purpose of investigating truth.
Society, through its highest members, is fast
coming to the conclusion that every man should
study law, whatever else he may conclude upon
as his profession, whether science, commerce,
or literature, and the same reasons make it de-
sirable that woman should study it, not with tbe
view of being an advocate at the bar, but for
the cultivation of her judgment. The same
quality of brain is requisite to rule a kingdom
and to rule a family. Rights are to be adjusted,
claims recognised, evidence weighed, impartial-
ity secured. Society is surely out of joint.
Perhaps the evils of the body politic are partly
due to the want of the feminine element in it,
which the world has not yet had the benefit of,
except in the case of some queens whose action
has been beneficial or otherwise, according to
their quality of character and intellectual acu-
men. They have surely not shown any want of
power or energy when left to their irresponsible
action. When swayed too much by their affec-
tions (a fault to which they are, perhaps, more
liable than their brethren-), the affections
must have been faulty ; noble affections would
have instigated them to noble acts. Kings and
other rulers have done right or wTong according
to their characters, and not simply because they
were men. Let women take an intelligent part
in political discussions, and feel that they have
a sphere of usefulness consequent upon what
they leam from comprehending so vast an in-
terest as the theory of. society, and there will be
enough of them cultivated by the pursuit to take
away the reproach of shallowness from the sex.
When women read the criticisms made upon the
inane lives of many of their, sex, they may well
blush that the majority deserve; such insulting
descriptions.
A minor objection to the voting of women is
the publicity it involves. Publicity is not
pleasant to a womanly woman, but I have suffi-
cient reliance upon the native chivalry of men,
even of ordinary culture, to believe that the
way would be made smooth, if this duty should
be recognized as such, so that womau, if she
desires it, could have a quiet place to vote in,
where man dare not intrude. At any rate,
she would not be more subjected to the public
gaze by walking to the pol's and quietly depos-
iting her vote, than she is at present on the
public promenade, which she seeks in order to
display her beauty and her dress to gentlemen,
who come there for the express purpose of dis-
playing their own beauty and dress, as well as
to admire hers. Let any dne go to the post office
at hours when it is frequented- by business men,
and he will not always meet refined women
there, shielded by the panoply of their own dis-
cretion and good manners, but the gay and friv-
olous who go to see and be seen, and who had
better not be there for that reason. Where dis-
play is not the motive, but duty calls women be-
fore the public, respect will follow her footsteps
Marriage can never be what heaven designe 1 it
to be, till the wife is free from e$9i*y bond but
that of affection, and while marriage is in any
sense a bondage, man is in a position of ine-
sponsible power, which God has vouchsafed to
no man. That he sometimes occupies that
position tor a time, does not invalidate the testi-
mony that pronounces it not God-given. God
permits many things temporarily for mans edu-
cation that are but tbe marring of his own uni-
versal plan, which is justified by the conse-
quences of the temporary wrong. Do unto
others as you would that others should do unto
you is the great law of human existence, dat-
ing back to primeval man, and every departure'
from that great principle has brought, and
must ever bring, its own inevitable retribution.
I would have woman vote, because there are
many women who have no other protectors for
themselves or for their children than them
selves ; and because some social interests ought
to be legally in her care as well as in that of
men. Public as well as private charity, educa-
tion, the morals of the community, should be
more directly under her authoritative regula-
tion. Women take these responsibilities upon
themselves sometimes, and are not interfered
with to a certain extent, but they have not the
benefit of the law, or the advantage it would
give them in active operations against evil-
doers ; nor can they hold property in their own
right, which they may wish and need to have
incorporated. Finally, is there any right but
that of might, that says women shall not vote ?
As society progresses, the necessity for it to her
welfare shows itself more and more, till theb( si
minds recognize it.
Hallah says that at the consecration of Philip of
France, Maud, Countess of Artois, held the crown over
his head among the other peers.


372
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAT TO US,
BRICK POMEROY ON THE SITUATION.
Morrison, 111., Nov. 14, 1868.
Revolution-art Susan : You publish rattier a good
newspaper. I like it. 1 like anything a woman does, if
slic does it well. I wish more of the women of the Uni-
ted States would publish newspapers, or write for them
not as women generally write, little solt, nonsensical
, rs about their canary birds ; about lusbions j about
Ci:Vd bends, hills, ringlets, stringiets, frizzes, frizlcts
i. vi.:. and lattice-work generally, But I wish they would
write good, plain, sensible, home-like chapters for men
and women to read, and then I wish men and women
would profit by tbem. For do you know, Susan, I think
women can do much more for the benefit ol the country,
and for the bettering of the condition of women than
they do, if they would only work in the right way.
I was reading your paper of Oct. 29tk this afternoon,
which I found at the house of a friend on the prairies
of Western Illinois, and as you speak of me in terms not
altogether unfavorable, I thought I would write you this
letter. I am not a Woman's Bights man, nor much of a
womaus man either, for that matter. And yet I love to
look upon a handsome woman, providing she be good.
That is, I am not a Womans Bights man as you and
Elizabeth and some others argue from your standpoints;
but I am a sincere advocate for the rights of woman, for
the rights of ail persons who have hearts and homes
and destiniesjmd each one of us has a destiny. Nor
do I hate the negro, that down-trodden race, as you
hint in the paper I have just been reading. I think
much more of the black man than do the republicans
of the land, for I would not use the poor colored victim
of American Christianity for the purpose of elevating
myself or any party into power, that a few bad men
might steal themselves rich at the expense of the
people. I would give the blacks homes ; I would give
them protection for their earnings ; I would give them
work and pay foi the same ; I would give them a
chance to labor and to make more for and of them-
selves than they ever can make in this country while it
is in republican hands, and while they are the victims
of politicians as they always will be. I would not give
them the right to vote, for I think, honestly and earnest*
ly, that the laws made by the white people are poor
enough, and tha£ the black people are not so well
qualified for making laws as are the white ones. And
farther, it is my honest opinion that there are plenty
enough voters now in the couutry; by this I mean,
thexeare enough voters, if not too many, who have the
right to the ballot-box, without understanding the first
principles of government, or without knowing or caring
for whom ox what they. vote.
.If there were fewer voters and more intelligence,
if it was the law of the laud that no man should
vote who would sell his vote,if it was the law of the
land that no man should be allowed to deposit a
bahot in the box who would do so for a price or
till he knew for what he was voting, the country
would be better governed than it is now, and we
should all of us be more prosperous, happy and content-
ed. Before giving the right of suffrage to black men,
I would give it to the women of the land u ho have no
husbands, and who pay taxes. I am not quite sure
whether I should be willing lor a wife, a mother*, a sister
or a lady friend of mine to mix in the dirty pool of poli-
tics, which since so many ministers of religion, and so
many professors of Christianity have dabbled therein,
has become excessively filthy. But I should prefer
them to have the right given them before the privilege
wap extended to the negroes of the douth, who know
nothing of government, ol us, or themselves.
I am a Temperance man. I have in La Crosse, Wis.,
the handsomest printing office in the world, wherein is
not employed one person in any capacity who usesintoxi.
eating liqnors as a beverage. I have an Office m the City
of New York; almost within speaking distance of yours,
wherel am employing a hundred and more persons in
various capacities incidental to the publication of a
daily and weekly newspaper, and not one person in that
office finds employment who uses liquor as a beverage,
that is, if I am knowing to the circumstance, for the or.
ders there are most peremptory to the effect that none
but Temperance men shall be employed. I am ho stick-
ler for trifles, nor am I a prohibitionist, nor a man who
would make laws to deprive any man or woman of their
rights. If a man wishes to be a drunkard ; if he wishes
to spend his money for that which does him no good ;
if he wishes to ruin hie health and reputation merely
that he may acquire the name of beings bully good
fellow and in time becoming a successful Bummer,"
that is his look out and not mine. But such a person is
not the one I wish to help me. Nor is he the one on
whom! might place responsibility, for when wine i8
in, wit is out." And while there are so many temper-
ate and temperance persons in the land, striving earnest*
lyto make themselves homes by honest labor, 1 shall
prefer helping those in preference to the ones who
would spend their earnings, not for the beautifying of
their homes, but for tbe poisoning of their bodies and
destruction of their appetites.
I wish you would make your paper a home newspaper.
Make it more the friend of tbe women of America than
it now is. I wish you would see if you cannot write ar-
ticles, and I think you can, Susan, impressing upon the
wives, mothers and sisters ; upon the women, young and
old, of America, the necessity of making home beautiful
and attractive. Tell them to see if they cannot, by a kind
word or loving smile, some little act of kindness or atten-
tion, prevail upon the husband, lover, brother or father,
as the case may be, to remain at home one more night in
the week than they do. Encourage the beautiful, the
good, and that which brings happiness. Let politics
alone for those who are baser and better adapted for that
business than are women. Seep away from the poll9.
Let the ballot-boxes he surrounded by men, for to go
there to wrangle and grovel, or indulge in perpetual
strife to gain that which brings you no benefit, is not ex-
actly the mission woman is expected to fill here upon
earth.
Do see if you cannot educate the women of America
to let fashions and foolishness alone ; see if you cannot
makethem more home-bodies; give them more of a taste
for biscuit; more of a desire to learn how to make bis*
cuit than to double themselves up with a green-apple
twist into a Grecian bend. See if you cannot cultivate
among your s^x more of a desire to visit the parlor*
open its doors and windows, to make it pleasant ior
their home ones, than to be continually dressing for the
opera. Try.for a little while, Susan, and see if yon can-
not impress upon the minds of women who read The.
Revolution and those who do not, that woman would
do more to ensure general happiness if she would try
and help her husband accumulate property and make a
home. Tell them, Susan, that it is all foolishness for a
woman to spend on her back, in one montb, more than
her husband can earn in a year. I know many a good
fellow who has gone to the poorbouse, to the gambling
house, or to that red-hot land, from whence it is hard re-
turning, according to Scriptural theory, for the reason
that he has had a most extravagant wife, whose sole aim
s^med to be to squander all he earned and to appear on
the streets of New York, or other cities or villages, as the
case may be, every day, or at least every week, with a
new dress, while her husband, poor man I was beset by
the sheriff and working and wondering how he would
manage to make enough to pay his expenses. Susan,
try and see if you cannot preach a little economy into
the women. There is enough money squandered in
New York on laces, silb9 and satins, fancy gaiters,
notched and crocheted crinoline, and all sorts of fancy
finery that I cannot call by name, to give every poor boy
and girl in New York food, clothes and an education.
There is enough money spent every year in the great
city where your paper and my paper are published
enough money spent foolishly by the women to make
everybody in New York happy and place them beyond
want. If you will try aud instil economy into the
minds of the wives and mothers, daughters and sisters
of -the land, I will do the best I can in behalf of temper-
ance and morality, sobriety and business. If you will
tell the women to take care of the money their husbands
earn by hard labor, either mentally or bodily; if you
- will tell them to use the money which their husbands
bring, to beautify home, make it attractive, furnish
little articles to make home pleasant that the husbands
may find their homes as attractive as other places, then
1 will do all I can toward educating the men to take
their money home to their wives and not squander their
earnings every day, every night, or every Saturday
night in places of dissipation, or in places where ruin
as a beverage is sold.
There are some things I like very much. Susan I like
to see a -train of cars much better than I like to see a
dog-fight I had rather see a fine horse than a pummel-
ing scrape in front of some drinking house or gin-mill.
I would rather see a neat tidy woman in calico, with a
good honest face on her, an evidence ol a good, kind,
womanly heart within her, than to see sixteen daughters
of bankrupt merchants parading Broadway as if doubled
up by a six pound shot in the stomach, as they labor
along under the excruciating delights of the Italian wrig-
gle or the Grecian bend. I would rather see a beautiful
home,no matter if itbohumble, so be that it is paidfor
and occupied by hone9t working people,than to look up-
on any brown-stone palace of New York and to think that
the fashion and foolishness therein too often are fitting
people for the poor-house. I like to see a woman of sense
aud a man of 6ense. And, Susan, the one thing I will
tell you, I know hundreds more men in the.land who
would he happier if th eir wives would give less attention
to sewing societies, and to the manufacture of red-flan
nel snirts for nigger babies in Hottentotdom; who
would be more prosperous if their wives would attend
to home duties, insted of gadding about the streets in
venting or retailing slanders and bothering their heads
about polls, or election and tbe ballot-box, and political
things. I know a great many men who would take more
care of their earniugs and work harder every day for
wages, for the means to beautify tbeir homes, if the wo .
men of the land would be less extravagant and would
take care of the money earned and spend it tor books
pictures, newspapers, chairs, sofas, ruge, curtains and
all sorts of pretty things to make home attractive, in
stead of long trails, jewelry, gew-gaws, steel-corsest
patent calves, gum-elastic suspenders, cork-screw ring-
lets, horse-tail frizzes, spiral doings for the chest, twen
ty-seven dollar hats, sixteen dollar gaiters, low-necked
Brocks, mamiuarial balm, three-story bustles, and all
those fixings which spring from the fashion shops of
the country. If you will try to make the women sensi-
ble, Susan, I will try to do what I can for the men. You
teach tbe women economy and I will teach the men so-
briety. You tell the women to be good and try and make
good wives and mothers, and I will do what I can to have
the men stay at home and not go humchiug around days
and nights, Sundays, rainy days, at ail sorts of times
to all sorts of places. Thus we shall be the means of
doing much good in the world, aud bringing round a
Revolution which will he practical and beneficial. This
is rather a long article, Susan, lor your magazine, and I,
do not expect you will give it insertion ; but you will
find it good. You may read it over, and if you like It,
use it. If you don't like it, waft it gently into the waste-
basket ; but at all events dont forget to take tbe Grecian
bend off tbe girls and put common-sense in the place of
the aforesaid foreign article, and I will do all I can to-
ward lessening the revenue from distilled spiriisand
against the spirits of damnation. And now, Susan, I have
said my say, and sometime when we meet, if you have
adopted any of the suggestions I have made, why per -
haps we two shall be, not twain of one twain, meat of
one meat, or flesh of one flesh, but better friends ; for
yours is tbe Susan, the Anthony and The Revolu-
tion. Thine for the Bight,
Brick Pomeroy.
"We are very glad Mr. Pomeroy likes The
Revolution, and we like many of his ideas
in the above letter, and should be happy
to discuss with him, from time to time, in
The Revolution, the grave problems of oor
political and social life to which he has referred.
We think we can show him that we are already
doing the great work of educating and elevat-
ing woman in the right way.
Although women and negroes have not yet
meddled with the ballot-box, we hear on all
sides of its degraded condition and demoraliz-
ing influences. Now if white males have-
converted the sublime science of government
into a muddy pool, what assurance have we
that, unaided and alone, they can ever extricate
themselves from the pitfalls and quagmires into
which they have fallen. Thus far they have
utterly failed in the art of government, though
they have tried it in every latitude and under
every possible form ; and yet, with amazing
sell-complacency, they ask the negroes and
women to stand aside, tihd watch the progress
of another magnificent failure on this western
continent. We have grown too wise to be guilty.
of such folly.
We know too well that we are indissolubly
bound together, and that when men degrade
themselves and destroy the government, we go
down in the general ruin. Self-preservation is
the first law of nature. We see the ship of
state on a stormy sea rapidly drifting towards
the same dangerous shore, where all the nations
of the past have foundered and gone down.
We see them at the helm drunk with rum, self-
ishness, ambition ; no law, no order, no disci-


3*V*!llU0tl? * 373
pline on board ; the ere w^-even bribed not to do
their duty ; no life-boats for the multitude, who,
cold, hungry and in rags, crowd the deck! won-
der not, then, that in an hour like this, true
women, with brave hearts, clear heads and
sturdy hands should try to seize the helm, and,
obedient to eternal principle, to chart and com-
pass, change the dangerous course, and ride out
the storm in safety.
Oh! what is home, without a country?
Whats home, in ignorance, poverty and de-
bauchery? Whats home, when the chief
priest who ministers there is dead to everything
but his own passions, appetites and ambition ?
There is no magic in kind words and smiles,
for tobacco-chewers, drunkards and disap-
pointed politicians. It is vain to talk of mak-
ing homes charming until we clear up the
great wilderness of life where so many of, our
fairest sons and daughters have stumbled and
gone down. It is vain we drape the spotless
curtain, spread the clean meal and decorate with
flowers, wash the little rosy faces and smooth the
. golden ringlets down ; our smiles are smiles of
sadness so leug as fathers, husbands, sons are
moulded in the outer world, while over its high-
ways, honesty, purity, virtue, and love, may not
in safety walk.
Is it nothing to the gardener where his rare
plants are to bloom, whether bathed in sun-
shine and dew, or bleached in dampness and
shade? Has a mother no interest in the insti-
tutions under which her sons are to live or
perish ? Have we nothing at stake,, in this haz-
ardous game of grab, called civilized life ? Can
she smile, and be at ease, knowing the terrible
temptations to falsehood, bribery, corruption,
that must beset her sons in every department of
commerce and government. No, not Mr.
Pomeroy; while men have forfeited all right
to ask women and negroes to trust them for
the wise, faithful, and equal administration of
the government. We have an idea that we shall
have better laws in the state, the church and
the home, when we have the man and woman
idea blended everywhere together. We have
lived thus far under a dynasty of force, which
is the male element, hence war, violence, dis-
cord, debauchery. From this we can only be
redeemed by the recognition and restoration of
the love element, which is woman ; for so long
as woman is under mans heel all things are in-
verted ; but when she is exalted, made to feel
her dignity and responsibility as mother, edu-
cator of the race, then will all those follies and
vices of which thinking men justly complain
be swallowed up in the majesty of the higher
position.
If you shut a woman up within four walls and
make the pleasing of man the only object of her
life, she will, of course, become narrow, foolish
and frivolous ; to be otherwise she must have all
the variety, discipline, and expanse of thought
and training man has. You can make women
wise only by changing the conditions of their
lives. Give them something better to do and
think about, and they will abandon the Grecian
bend and tholtalian wriggle; but if you make it
the business of their lives to attract men, this
can only be done by a succession of new inodes
and manners. So long as there is a demand for
weak-minded women, there will be a plentiful
supply. And so long as the mass of men are
the unthinking, unreasoning crowd they are to-
day, the demand for fools and finery will con-
tinue.
The presenl type of woman is formed wholly
in the nuu nleiw S.-nble jvomen, here and
there, all through the generations, have protest-
ed against the condition of toy or drudge,
and have fought their way, inch by inch,
toward social and political equality now soon
to be realized.
On the temperance question, Mr. Pomeroy is
sound as, far as he goes. But we think his
moral responsibility extends farther than his
own office. When government licenses men to
sell rum, it should place some safeguards round
its victims. Suppose, sir, your beautiful
daughter were married to a drunkard, who
came home every night to drag her about the
floor by the hair and kick and pummel her
trembling children, would you not feel that you
had something to do in regulating this infernal
traffic ? Multitudes of lovely women are drag-
ging out their weary lives in such bondage to-
day ; and we who publish newspapers have a
duty in moulding a right public sentiment on
all these questions. You would sacredly guard
the individual rights of the rumseller and
drunkard, but what of the unhappy women who
weep at their hearthstones, while, by the laws
that white men have made for them, they
cannot be divorced in this state, from such mon-
strous relations! What of the unhappy children
born of such fathers, whose sins are visited
upon them to the third and foarth generation ?
When we look at the asylums for the idiots, the
deaf, the dumb, the blind, the insane, the in-
ebriates, the houses of refuge, the jails, the
prisons, all thinking men and women must see
the need of some new governmental regulations
in the primal relations of the sexes, and the ne-
cessity of such legislation as shall emancipate
women from all fear and dependence on man.
Give a man, says Alexander Hamilton, a
right over my subsistence, and he has a right
over my whole moral being.
On the question of suffrage, too, we think
Mr. Pomeroy is not exactly right, though much
nearer right than our most radical politicians who.
now propose such an amendment of the Con-
stitution as shall secure manhood suffrage.
If this nation is not ready to admit its vir-
tuous, educated, tax-paying women to the polls,
then we say the fewer men the better. There
is already too much of the masculine element,
everywhere crushing out the feminine, which is
the moral, the spiritual, the love power, thus
subordinating the faith, the divinity, the poetry,
the affections and sentiments of life, all to. a
cold materialism, to ambition, to aggrandize-
ment and conquest.
But when Mr. Pomeroy says that black men
are not as well qualified to make laws as white
men, we cannot agree with him. We have an
idea that Robert Purvis, Frederick Douglass,
and Charles Lenox Remond, could make as
good laws as the ship-loads of ignorant white
riff raff from foreign, lands that are every day
landing on our shores. In fact they could have
made better laws for their own race in the south
than Jeff. Davis, Lee, Stephens or Toombs ; they
could have made a better decision on human
rights thtui even the immortal Chief-Justice
Taney ; they would certainly never have framed
codes and constitutions to enslave 4,000,000 of
their own people. When white males make
the same laws for women and negroes that they
make for themselves, then we shall begin to
trust them, not before.
You propose one measure, Mr. Pomeroy, that
is fraught with danger to your sex. To give
the ballot to women only without husbands
would be offering a bounty on celibacy, or
worse, a temptation to ft compulsory expatria-
tion of all the un iappy white males already
in the bonds of matrimony; for between a vote,
which is a certain protection, and a husband
that is a broken reed (as is the case with the
forty thousand drunkards in this state), the
chance is, that when weighed in the balance of
womans affections, the husband might kick the
beam.
We agree with yon fully in a sincere desire
to see American women more economical and
simple in their dress and habits of life, and we
promise to use our influence towards making
home more pleasant and attractive, and one
of the ways to do that is to give woman a more
liberal education, a higher and nobler aim and
ambition than she now has, for unless she is
intelligent and interested in those subjects that
occupy men, she cannot attract them from the
club to the parlor ; and when men forsake the
home, women seek their happiness in dress aud
the gaities of fashionable life, and drown their
misery in excitement and excess.
One more point in which we disagree with
Mr. Pomeroy. So far from warning Christian
ministers off the ground of politics, we con-
sider it their highest duty to teach the people
what their political responsibilities are; Had all
our clergy been as faithful in their advice to the
rulers of tbis nation as Mr. Beecher, Dr.
Cheever, and a few others like them, we should
never have been plunged in this last terrible
war. We have the muddy pool of politics
to-day, because all our national interests have
been left in the hands of unprincipled and un-
thinking men. If the conversion of sinners is
the business of the church, there is no place
where such harvests can be gathered as in the
world of politics. Let ns hoar from you again.
Short letters and one point at a time. Remem-
ber our paper is a weekly, aiyl we are flooded
with communications that never see the light
because they are so long. In this age, when
meat, vegetables and milk are condensed, why
cannot something* in that way be done with
ideas? E. c. s.
San Francisco, August 6,1868.
Mas. "Elisabeth C. StantonDear Madam: I was
called upon to day by a Mr. Tappari who solicited
mo to subscribe for your paper, The Revolution,"
which I did immediately ; and upon his suggestion, to
write you a line informing you of the fact as I told him
how well I used to know you.
I confess that the principles whioh you advocate so ably
are not popular in California, but this I am inclined to
attribute to ignorance, for the Californians are a most
gallant people especially with regard to the ladies.
The institution with which I am connected, the Pioneer
Society, has a large reading room, and I will keep it upon
file. Hoping that you have not forgotten me, and ii so,
that this will remind you of my existence. I am,
Yours very, truly, S. Crowninshield .
We havediot forgotten our young friend, nor
his noble mother whose dying pillow we
smooothed in the grey light of one summer
morn. For her sake, do what you can to ele-
vate and educate her S3X. Thanks for placing
our' paper in your readiug room. We shall be
glad to hear from you of the progress of our
cause in California. N
PETITIONS.
Mount Pleasant, Iowa,
Dear Miss Anthony : I commenced taking The
Revolution with No. 19am sorry that I cannot have
the back numbershave lent all I have and hope
soon to sendyou somenew subscribers.
The existence of that paper is a cause of groat rejoicing,
devoted principally, as it is, to the elevation of woman.
The question is rapidly advancing. Let us batter away
with cannons, guns, pistols, clubs,every one can wield
some weapon,anl soon the old fortification ot preju-
dice and fogyism will crumble bou.eatb our united efforts.
I h&YQ boon, an eariiost advo^.te ol tl. jeet for years


374
Slit '§v*litti0tt.
;nd the more I think aud talk about it the more earnest
do I become. Mattie W. Griffith.
The writer of the above has obtained 250 sig-
natures to the petition for Womans Suffrage in
the District and says she will visit every house
in that town and vicinity, and double the num-
ber she has already. This is precisely what
should be done in every town and vicinity, that
we may establish universal suffrage in one spot
on this green earth. -
San Fbancisco, July 25th, 1868.
Miss Anthony: I wish to write you a few linos to as-
sure you there is at least one rnau on the Pacific ooast who
is painfully conscious of womaus wrongs, and who is
ready to fight his mortal best under the true banner of
Womans Eights. But what have womans rights to do
with Universal Suffragethe political and social
equality of negroes, Chinamen, etc., with white men? if
you could see how the barbarians of China are pouriug in
upon us,I think you would letup on Universal Suf-
frage. Should universal suffrage prevail, the Chinese
Empire could in a l'ew years send voters enough here to
control our government and monopolize every branch of
industry now open to Americun laborers, both male and
female. It is now almost impossible for poor white wo-
men to live in San Francisco. Chinamen, for mere noth-
ing, will do sewing, cooking, chamber work, washing,
in lact everything that poor white women can do for au
honest living; and hundreds of good, women here have
by them been driven to the frightful alternative of star-
vation or prostitution. .
Could you travel through Mexico and see the once-
noble Caucasian, now in a state of semi-barbarism and
fast approaching extinction, because he has transgress-
ed the laws of Nature by amalgamating with inferior
racescould you visit Hayti, and see how rapidly ne-
groes who have been apparently civilized by intercourse
with the whites go back to their native barbarism when
left to themselvescould you live a few months in San
Ffancisco, whi<(i is cursed with some fifty thousand
Chinamen who have no more sense of moral responsi-
bility than have the Minnesota Sioux, I am sure, Miss
Autnony, you would not disgrace the noble cause you
have espoused by advocating Negro Equality or
Universal Suffrage as a counterpart of Womans
Eights. Why, there would he just as much propriety
in asserting the. equality of the.various metals. A ne-
gro is nu more equal to a Caucasian, than copper is equal
to gold.
I am a practical printer, aud admire the typographical
appearance of The Revolution very much indeed.
Hiram Wentworth.
/
Ah! Hiram, after you read The Revolution
a year, you will have higher ideas of human na-
ture, its sacredness and dignity. We welcome
even the poor Chinese to our shores, remember-
ing that he is better here than in his own land.
And if we establish justice on this Continent,
we need have no fears that ignorance can out-
wit us. Your rights are only made secure as
the rights of the humblest of Gods children are
faithfully observed and protected.
' Louisville, Ey., Aug. 24,1868.
Dear Revolution : Do jeu kuow of dby reason
why minis tors always address their congregations ae
Brethren ? Said congregations are invariably com-
posed principally of women, and I dont know why
their presence should be totally ignored.
1 dont think any form of address is necessary, but if
something is needed to fill up a pause, why cant they
say, Friends, o: Christian Friends ?
Please mention the subject in .vour next issue, if you
think it ol sufficient importance. I hope you will not be-
come discouraged in yourendeavois to rouse the womeu
of the land from the apathetic state into which they seem
to have fallen. Many of them talk in a very trying
manner.
Mrs. Stanton ought to have thrown that negro over
the grave-yard fence, that tried to assert liis superiority
to white women. She might have had any amount of
help.
Very respectfully, Mrs. F. J. Dibble.
Our indignant Kentucky friend refers to tbe
young man, Theodore West, whom we met in
Peterboro last summer, and expressed himself
unwilling for women to vote. We fear if we at-
tempted what she proposes, we should have
proved his superiority in physical strength at
all events. As to the Dearly beloved bre-
thren, we suppose as that form of service was
written by men at a period when women were
supposed to have no souls, that all that is
needed to have sisters added is to call tbe at-
tention of our reverend fathers to the fact of
our existence. We remember once going into
a cathedral in England with some ladies. It
was a week day and during the morning service.
Wc were the only persons present, and when
the curate addressed as dearly beloved bre-
thren, the mischievous girl by our side quietly
remarked, is the man blind that he takes us
for whiskerandoes ?
THOUGHTS ON THE CONDITION OF WOMEN.
Miss Anthony: I am graciously permitted by my liege
lord to become a subscriber to your irrepressible little
paper ; but am strictly forbidden to follow the prompt-
ings of my heart and add my name to the list of those
who are petitioning for tbe enfranchisement of our sex.
At the risk of exposing myself.to the scorn of the
strong-minded, I confess, that to avoid a domestic
scene, I weakly submit to this flat of my usually indul-
gent husband, although with heart and soul, and all my
feeble feminine powers, I am with you in the great
cause. Upon the subject of the enfranchisement of
women I have not, I confess, fully made up my mind.
I need enlic'btenment upon this point, which I expect
to receive through the columns of The Revolution.
In the meautime, I am quite willing to follow, notblindly
but inquiringly, in the footsteps of those noble cham-
pions of both sexes who are better acquainted with the
operations and results of political affairs.
The end which this movement is designed to attain,
the elevation aud emancipation of our sex, has my entire
sympathy and earnest co-operation. The present condi-
tion of woman in civilized countries seems to me de-
plorable. If the pursuit of happiness were, indeed,
the real object of existence, the end for which we are
created, then, indeed, the women of civilized Christian
countries might look with envy upon their sisters in
China or Turkey, in whom no aspirations for anything
beyond their degraded, abject life, exist. The cultiva-
tion and development which women are grudgingly per-
mitted to acquire, are but the little ray of light which re-
veals to tne captive the unKnown horrors of his celL
Happiness, considered as a delight in existence, phy-
sical or mental enjoyment, is a passion which few
women beyond the age of childhood retain or acquire.
The few really happy women we see, secure in tbe love
and companionship of a noble husband, surrounded by
all the sweet associations of home, no heart-hunger, no
unrequited labor, every reasonable desire gratified
honored, loved, trusted, such as these do not under-
stand this outcry of their numerous unhappy sister-
hood. They have no conception of the bitter trials of
the thousands of women who are struggling lor lite in
ouv midst; struggling against the injustice of men, the
tyrannical decrees of society, the cruel partiality of lav s,
made by men, and executed or ignored by them as cir-
cumstances or their own criminal and selfish inclina-
tions dictate. These few exceptionally happy women
unite with men, the natural enemy of our sex, as
some one rather sweepingly asserts, to ridicule and op-
pose the efforts of the oppressed and wretched of their
sex, who are entitled to their warmest sympathies.
Most women will admit that tte position of a beloved and,
honored wife and mother is the nearest approach to per-
fect felicity which a woman can attain ; but the rarity of
such instances is the best answer to offer those men
who preach to our sex of contentment with home du-
ties, with the support and protection of a husband or a
father.
If all men were intellectually the superiors of all
women, were wise, and just, and pure ; if all women
were beautiful, amiable and chaste, the wheels .of so-
ciety might move noiselessly along with mau as engi-
neer and woman as passenger ; hut this is not the case.
Men are not invariably intellectual, purity is not re-
required of them, and justice! tell mewhither has
sho flown? Beautiful women are not the rule; bitter
wrong and harsh Conflict destroy too often her delicacy
and amiability, a perverted desire to please, or oftener
still the overwhelming influences of an unguarded hour
aud the evil counsels of corrupt and treacherous men
make fearful havoc with her chastity. We must take the
world as it isnot as we would-have it. A large major-
ity of women cannot attain to tbe tranquil joys of a
well-regulated homowhere the wife is mistress of her
husbands heart and hearth, mother of lus children,
blessed mid blessing at every step. It is the persistent
ignoring of this fact which renders mans obstinate re-
fusal to do justice to woman, doubly aggravating. Let
her be content with her home, her husband, her chil-
dren, they cry. But if she has no home, no husband,
no children, or il she has a husband, suppose he is
a brute, a villain, a tyrant!
It is the thousands of suffering womenoutraged, in-
sulted, deserved wives, who bear in silence agonies which
will win for them the martyrs crown of glory ; betrayed,
despairing maidens, outcast from the society which has
ruined them, plunging headlong into the abyss of de-
gradation, no law to avengo, no hand to save! every ill-
paid working woman, raising bitter outcry against the
statutes which restrict her honest efforts, and reward
their best achieveme ts with a pittance; these it is
who demand justice, and they shall and must have it
if the sense of honor is Dot entirely extinct in the
hearts of rn$n.
I cannot do much, owing to peculiar circumstances, to
further the interests of our cauSe ; but the little r can
do with tongue and pen and means, I shall do with,
heart and soul.
Most sincerely, yours, j.
S
A PICTURE OF LIFE IN A COUNTR ST
10WN.
My dear Utile Dulcie i >It* dont pay.
Learn, as you value your life, to be selfish.
Company, is it? Who are these people who
come into your lifes sphere, when your heart
is aching for peace and rest?
Here comes Mrs. Jones and the baby to spend
the day. Mr. Jones will come to dinner.
Utiles heart fills with great sobs as the door-
bell rings and she ushers them in with the ste-
reotyped kiss. She likes Mrs. Jones well
enough, but it would be so charming to be
alone. Half the time, nay two-thirds, she is
without help, it happens so now. There are din-
ner and supper to get, she must give up the
whole blessed day with its golden hours to vapid,
useless talk. One day more lost. She makes
the best of it. If Utile flies round and the gos-
sip is lively, Mrs. Jones may think, when she
goes back home to Swompville, that she had a
nice time ; if it was quiet and the hostess did not
feel in the mood to be demonstrative, she may
say to herself, Well, Im glad Im home again ;
I meant to have asked her how she made that
cake! Does it pay ?
Messrs. Smith and Robinson, Philanders
business friends, come from a distaut city, and
stay all night. Pleasant men, as men go-you
know they will not criticise the supper, nor ask
the price of the table-cloth. They bid you adieu,
and that is the last of them.
And here comes Miss Blank, from Crimptou,
with a friend of hers, a perfect stranger to you.
They have come to town to do a little shopping.
Miss Blank thought she must stop and see you,
and so they happen in, by the merest accident,
justat dinner time. You are earnestly entreated
not to put yourself to the slightest trouble, they
are so sorry.
Perhaps it was washing day o'r cleaning day,
aud you had a picked up dinner. Tho table
is laid and everything arranged for your own
family, but it wont quite answer for company,
so the plates are taken off and a clean table-cloth
put on, and the table moved from the kitchen
into the sitting room, on aoeount of Miss Blanks
eyes that see everything that is not just so.
Well, dinner is over, and they stay, they show
you their bargains, and ask your opinion, they
are satisfied that everything was real cheap, but
they want your mite of praise. Shopping is
tiresome.' It is a sunny afternoon, you intended
to go oat and see a friend living, a'; a distance,
you felt so lonely, so life weary, you thought


an hour's talk with a good, sensible woman would
help you. But Miss Blank and company are not
in the least hurry, the cars dont go otic until
live oclock. Miss Blank did think she wouid
go down town again, Jbut she believes she will
wait till next time. Of course as hostess you feel
that it is necessary to urge them to stay. Alas!
it don't require much urging, Wheu they get
home it will be after their supper time, so you
get them a cup of tea, they hate so to put you
to the trouble, but they chink the tea neverthe-
less. Miss Blank does talk in her way, her Mend
being a stranger, and a stick, has nothing to
say about anything ; she manages, when she bids
you good bye, to say, that she hopes when you
come to Crimpton youll call and see her, and
you say you would be pleased to see her again,
and.neither of you care a straw for each other-
You never go to Crimpton when you can help
it, and only then from a sense of duty to visit
people who would think themselves slighted if
you didnot give them a chance to visit you, when
they come to town on business, and you are
morally certain you would not call to see her
anywhere. And she, well, she thinks you are
pleasant, your parlor is well furnished, she was
glad she got the plaid instead of the striped
dress, though she Wishes she had purchased
some of that cheap calico, and the regret tinges
the -memory of her visit with a grey cloud for
months afterward. If there is anything that
makes a woman dissatisfied with herself, it is
when she loses a bargain.
Well, Utile clears away the table, does up the
dishes,and prepares supper for the family. She
has a little time left, aud she takes up a book,
but she is tired and nervous, and if she was like
some people I know, she would get mad, and
break things. Utile only leans back in her
chair, closes her eyes, and thinks. She is almost
lost in a^pleasant little dream of what might be,
when she hoars tlTe men folks, and knows it is
time to get sapper. Perhaps to pay her for her
moments of blissful forgetfulness, she finds that
the stew she left in the oven to warm over, has
revenged itself by drying up, or the fire is down
so low, it requires all her energy to persuade it to
stay and not go clean out. Supper is over, the
dishes are put away. One after another, the
1 family, your husbands two brothers and your
lawfully wedded, go off down town on business.
You can sit down now, uiy dear, and look over
batch o'f shirts and stockings that want mend-
ing. You darn them mentally as you take
stitch after stitch.
What are you crying about, simpleton? You
wanted to be alone, didnt you ? Women are
never satisfied. It would have been so pleas-
ant if Philander hadstayed home and read to you
while you sewed, or better still, if hehad'talked
with you. You used to find enough to talk about
before you were manied. 'No reason you should
have anything to talk about now, is it ? Women
are so unreasonable!
Mending finished, and put away, you retire to
sleep, knowing that Monday brings waking,
rain or shine, Tuesday ironing, Wednesday bak-
mg-and fixing for the Dorcas Sewing Society,
that Mil come Thursday, twenty of them ; Fri-
day you intend to go down town, call and see
your friend, and have the rest of the day to
yourself. You dont do anything of the sort.
It rains all the morning y about noon the stage
drives up to the door, two trunks, a band-box
and sixteen bin dies are safely deposited on the
front door step, and you behold your husbands
cousins-wife's brother, with his Wife and two
L-.bies, - .vip lUenoy,come on a
ftMlutitftt.
visit-ation. They are strangers to you, but that
dont make any difference. They knew Philan-
der when he was a little boy. You ask them in,
and while the door is open I will leave, for it
gives me the heartache to think of what is in
store for you.
You cant make Philander understand that
you to growing Old before your time. Talk to
him and he will tell you, in nine cases out of
ten, that a woman's plaoe is home. Nature in-
tended her for housework, it is her sphere ; get
over that, if you can! and everyone who is discon-
tented or makes a complaint because she is not
perfectly happy, as cook, housekeeper and seam-
stress, all in one, sl^all be put out, and the door
of good society locked against her. You did
your duty. I cant agree with you, Utile. It
may seem very selfish to say so, but my private
opinion of you is, that when you give up your
whole life to a senseless round of visiting and
receiving visits from people who are stupid and
common place, because you live among them
and leai* to offend, let me whisper it, you are
a simpleton, and I love you, and kiss your pale,
thin cheek while I say it. Xena.
WOMANS TEARS.
BY ELEANOR BURE.
Women and Crocodiles! said a prominent
New York Editor, not long since, as a woman
clad in deep mourning pocketed her rejected
MS., and in a flood of tears walked out of the
office.
This dealing with ladies is by far the most
disagreeable part of my editorial duties. If I
take the trouble to criticise carefully, pointing
out defects of plot, style, or finish, which criti-
cism, a man, however harsh and scathing it
might be, would be extremely thankful fora
woman bursts into tears, and leaves me with
the impression that I am the most unsympathe-
tic wretch on the footstool.
But ihat woman was in great mental trou-
ble, I ventured to suggest. One could tell
that by the delicate widows cap which encircled
her tearful face.
Just the reason why I once again stepped
over my firm intention of never explaining the
cause"of the declination of articles. She is
driven to literature, precisely like hosts of
others, by want, and the hungry cry of hef ba-
bies. I saw it all at a glance! .and she has real
talent, too. Had she accepted my remarks in
the spirit they were given, she wouid soon be
able to,support herself nicely.
Now, I, being a woman, realized more keenly
the agony of disappointment contained in this
seemingly simple rejection ot MS.; and yet,
after all, our friendly editor was two-thirds right
in the inference drawn by the crying propensity
of women generally. Women cry too much !
Deny it who can?. The lachrymal gland is
educated from childhood to perform all sorts
of duties. Does the baby girl desire a new
wax doll, and Mamma decides that the old one
will answer a while longerthe little Miss soon
learns tliat all that is necessary for tbe posses-
sion of the treasure, is a draught on the lach
rymaland at it she goes. v Is an attempt made
to administer punishment justly? A flood ot
tearsa few heart-breaking sobs, and the right-
eous infliction is repealed. Boys go through
the same performances, until they become old
enough to mingle in study aud amusement with
other boysand then change is instantaneous.
I They soon discover that the:*;, i: uj mobility in
375
tearsthat all such exhibitions are weak and
girlish. I have seen the greatest boy cry-baby
possible to conceive of, so metamorphosed by a.
weeks contact with other youths, that hi.
mother was scarcely able to recognise h9r
former snivelling offspring. Girls have no such
training as this ; and the consequences is, that
the majority of our women become so accus-
tomed to the use of tears on all occasions, that
many weep wheu to save their lives they can-
not give an adequate reason for such lamenta-
tion. Some there be, who, like the foolish
nightingale, go and press'tkeir breast against a
thorn, that they may have the pleasure of cry-
ing over it. For the widow above mentioned,
I have a world of sympathy. Hunger, cold and
the wail of starving infants are enough to draw
tears from the eyes of a man even!Jiufc for
her own sake especially, and that of the sister-
hood generally, I wish she had choked back
the tell tales, at least until she was alone. I
wish she could have said instead : 'Sir, I
am very thankful for your criticisms ; I will
re-write immediately, remembering all your
hints, and then, if, in a quiet way, she had
given him some idea of the great want which
had driven her into the field of letters, her de-
sire to succeed for the babies sake, that editor,
instead of saying, at her departure, Woman
and crocodiles, would have exclaimed, Brave
little woman ; she shall have all the assistance
I can give her, and the battle would have been
half fought. To suffer and endure is womans
mission from the cradle to the grave ; and I
have never found ihat crying helped it any. On
the contrary, it weakens the power of the brain,
injures the optic nerve, and robs us of that
dignity, which, as maiden, wife, or mother, is
isdispensable. Now women, I beseech of you,
stop weeping. Dont cry over your own troubles,
or any ones else. Who ever knew a woman
with tears streaming down her cheeks, and great
sympathizing sobs swelling up from her soul, to
accomplish any good work?
Tears are some'tinfes a relief, you say.
Granted. This minute part of our organiza-
tion was undoubtedly intended for use, and there
are times when to weep is to preserve ones sanity.
The formation of a mans eye is the same as
that of a woman's ; but how immensely ridicu-
lous it would seem to us should men, like their
sisters, make free use of their handkerchiefs it
pathetic stoiies, business vexation or discour-
agement. When a man weeps, he pours out his
tears like drops of his life blood, and we are
hushed in sj^te of ourselves into reverence and
awe, standing, as we know we must, m the pret-
ence of a groat grief. That women weep more
from the force of habit than irom necessity, is
a*startling truth. The time has come for all
such weak ineffectual weapons to be put aside,
and in their stead to light the lamp of a healthy
determination to do, dare and succeed.
Sensible Advice. The Memphis (Teun.j
Workingman heads an article, Girls Be*
ware op Them, and proceeds to say, the op-
ponents of the rights oi women to vote tell us
that it ig a dangerous thing and will result m
the unsexing of women and rendering them
less lovely. This is a sad confession ; for if
true, It is simply so as a result of association
with men, which would be as latal m its effect
at church, in cars, on a steamboat and at the
theatre, as at the polls. Now girls, beware, and
do not trust yourselves in the company of men
who tell you that to go with them to the ballot-
box and vote, would produce such direful
results/


ELIZABETH CAJDY STANION,
PAKKJSU PILLSliURY,
SUSA-ST B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 17, 1808.
THE BRITISH COURTS ON WOMAN
SUFFRAGE. -
It has been at length decided that under
English law, old or otherwise, woman may be
countess, peeress, duchess, or queen, but must
not be a voter. The reason for all this is ob-
vious enough under the genius of monarchical
government, Aristocratical distinctions can
exist only where the masses of the people
are held under some badge of servitude. Dis-
franchisement is that badge, stern and crushing
as the rocks on the backs of Dante's victims.
If only peeresses, duchesses, and their like
were to vote, there would be no objection.
But if they vote, other, women must vote. It
was just so in extending suffrage to the other
sex. It was a slow, laborious process, not yet
completed, but steadily progressing. Woman
will reach the boon at last, but by much the
6ame crooked lanes and rugged roads. The
greater injustice to woman is that the only real
objection in her case is insurmountable by any
effort she can possibly put forth. Men were
excluded from suffrage by ignorance, poverty,
criminal offences and other similar and to some
extent, no doubt, good and justifiable reasons,
that would hold equally valid in the case of
woman. But sex was never mans obstruction,
else he also could never have been a voter. The
Ethiopian does change his skin, but never his
sex. Woman is not disfranchised for poverty,
ignorance, vioe or crime; but because she is
woman. That does not prevent her from being
sovereign over the whole realm ; supreme head
of state, church, army, navy, parliament, courts,
alleges, all institutions, civil, military, literary,
or whatever separate political 'or ecclesiastical
enginery makes up the government. Isabella
of Spain, Eugenie of France may be sovereigns
over vast empires, but could not be voters in
the Tower Hamlets of Houndsclitch. Victoria
herself deposed, would be at once equally a poli-
tical nonentity. She would be like a grain of
, mustard, least of all seeds. For^according to
her own Blackstoue, husband and wife are but
one, and.that one the husband; so that there
being now no husband, there is no-nofAmp.
It is interesting, however, to know that there
will need no change iu the British constitution
or law to put woman in possession of the ballot
when her hour comes. Just as there was no
change required iu the American constitution
when slavery was abolished, only a subsequent
amendment prohibiting forever its re-establisli-
ment. It is entirely a question of popular sen-
timent corrected by better education and en-
lightenment. For the court admitted that no
law had ever been passed to prevent woman
from voting, while it was very probable that she
once did possess and, to a limited extent, did
exercise the right.
The citations of history and authority by Mr.
Coleridge, who conducted the case for the
women, were many of them very interesting ;
as follows:
Mr. Coleridge began with Henry IV. He to
show that women were suitors in the County Courts by
the 1st of Henry V., which enacted how knights of the
shires, esquires, and others, shall be choosers at elec-
tions. There were .words large enough in this statute to
include both sexes. Ae a matter of evidence, he should
show that women had, in fact, exercised this right, and
it would be for the other side to show what statute or
law bad taken away the right. The elections were for-
merly held in the County Courts. Now, what was the
County Court at the time described ? Blackstone, in the
1st vol. page 178, said as to these courts :
Elections of knights of the shire must be proceeded
to by the sheriffs themselves in person at the next
County Court that shall happen after the delivery of the
writ. The free voters, were the suitors who attended
in the court, before the bishop and the sheriff, who
were the judges.
The Chief-JusticeThe common law existed before
the statute law. There is no trafte, so far as 1 know, of
women having been admitted to the assemblies ot the
wise men of the land.
Mr. Coleridge said the County Court 'was for the trial
of causes, not a witenagemot. As witnesses and as par-
ties, women were just as muoh suitors as men j aod of
those who were the representatives of property, women
were just as much interested and had just as much right
to send representatives (and probably did send represen-
tatives) as men. At all events, the knights of the shire
were to he elected / by the County Courts by these two
Acts of Parliament. Then they came to the statute of
Marlebridge, 62, Henry HI., c, 10, which enacts:
For the turns of sheriffs it is provided that aroh-
bi6hops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, nor any
eligious men or women, shall need to come thither,
except their appearance be specially required thereat for
some other cause; but the turn shall be kept as it hath
been used in the times ol the Kings noble progenitors.
The Latin thus translated was nec aliqui viri reli-
giosi seu mulieres, which he contended might mean
women, and not religious women, or nuns, ac-
cording to the stopping. It was translated religious
women. Not that they were incapable, but that they
were exempted from that which was felt to be a burden
from which they wished to escape, and. not a privilege,
as the custom was to impose fines for non-attendauce.
The statute of Marlebridge was positive to show that
there existed this right even in a monk and a nun. It
established that there was that right in woman,-and a
fortiori in religious women, to attend theturn ; thatwas,
it established the legal right of women to attend these
assemblies equally with men. It was a mistake to say
that the statute of Marlebridge prohibited women from
attending the County Court; it exempted them from the
burden, and was strong to show that there was no legal
incapacity in women. In Bryn's Brevia, Parliamentaria,
at pages 152, 153, instances were given in which women
had signed th3e indentures. He had also several certi-
fied writs which had been extracted from the Record-
office. The earliest was the 18th of Henry IV. Thatwas
an indenture ot a Parliamentary return frorq the county
of York, between Edmund Sandford and William Aid-
gate, attorney for the Earl of Westmoreland, and Wil-
liam Lucy, attorney for the countess. In the second of
Henry V. he also had a certified copy of return from York-
shire, and among other persons who were parties to the
indenture was Robert Barry, attorney of Margaret, the
wife of Sir Edward Vavasour. In the Gth of Edward
V. he had an indenture of a borough between the Sheriff
of Surrey and the Lady Elizabeth Copley, the widow,
and lately the wife, of Roger Copley, Esq., lor the return
of a member ior the borough of Gatton. This was
signed Elizabeth, sigilla sna.
The Chief JusticeIn these times the lord or the lady
of Gatton returned the member.
Mr.' Coleridge said this was in the fall light of the
blessed Reformation. In the 1st and 2d of Philip and
Mary was an indenture of the return of a member, signed
by Dame Elizabeth Copley, in which she appeared to
have returned him. In the 2d and 3d of Philip and Mary
Dame Elizabeth Copley, in pursuance of the writ to her
directed by the sheriff, made a similar return.
The next was the Aylesbury case, in the 14th of Eliza-
beth, which would be found in Heywood on Elections, 7th
cap,, page 255. Coke, in a much quoted passage, said in
his 4th Institute, page 5 :
And in many cases multitudes are bound by Acts of
Parliament which are not parties to the elections of
knights, citizens, and burgesses, as all they that have no
freehold, or have freehold in ancient demesne, and all
women having freehold or no freehold, and men within
the age of one-and-twenty years," etc.
Ho thought he was right in saying that Coke was
wrong in every other instance referred to hut wome n,
and he might ho no more right as to women. This In-
stitute was not of the same authority as other parts of
his work.
The Chief-JusticeWhat Coke said might be taken as
the impression of the day.
Mr. Coleridge^Certainly : but Lord Coke had bis
weaknesses, and was not particularly fond of clergymen
or of women.
The Chief-Justice said the clergy were great people in
those days. He found that Heywood said, in setting
out the indentures already alluded to, that persons in-
capacitated from voting are those who are so much
under the will of others th t they cannot have a will of
their own. Among these are women, idiots, lunatics,
revenue officers, and persons under arms.
Mr. ColeridgeIn the return from Aylesbury referred
to and set out in Heywood, Dame Dorothy Pakington,
late wife of Sir John Pakington, signs the indenture of
the return of the members, whom she states I huve
chosen to be my burgesses for the said town of Ayles-
bury.
The Chief-Justice said he observed Heywood in his
notes on the disqualification of women as to elections
says and so understood to be at the present day.
This was in 1812. He spoke ol women being parties to
these returns, and he quotes the passage from Lord
Coke, and says, 1 and so the law is at the present day. 1
That was strongto show what was the opinion in 1812.
£tr. Coleridge referred to the 2d .Volume of Luders on
Elections, p. 13, where to a return of members from Lyme
Regis were appended the names of several freeholders
. and women, who appeared as suitors in the County
Gourts and on the freeman's roll. Elizabeths and Cvis-
pina were entered as liberi tenentes and. liberi homines
They might be placed on the freeman's roll lor the pur-
pose of giving a right jure uxoris. Whatever the fran-
chise was at that time* whatever justified the men who
were parties to these indentures and rolls, justified the
women in being parties. He did not wish to press the
. case beyond that. Now, did any of the statutes alter
this ? The statute of the 8th Henry, cap. 7, passed in
restraint of the county franchise to 40s. freeholders,
enacted that knights of tire shire were to be chosen in
every county of the realm by people whereof every
one of them shall have free land or tenement to the
value ot 40s. by the vear. Assuming up to ,tbis time
that the people were members of the County Courts
there was nothing in this Act of Parliament to prevent
women joining at elections if they possessed 40s. a year
freehold.
The Chief-Ju6ticeHave you read the title of that
statute?
Mr. ColeridgeYes, my lord. What sort of men
shall be choosers and who shall he chosen knights of
the Parliament. He did not know where the heading
of the statute came from. In those days each statute be-
gan with Item.- The heading was''no part of the
statute.
The ChiehJuaticeTo what time does the heading
relate ?
Mr, ColeridgeTo the time of the translation of the
statutes, in the reign of Richard III.
The Chief-JusticeThe heading was some evidence to
show what was tha^opinion at the time the translation
was made.
Mr. Coleridge thought not, as it could not alter the
statute. The headingsiu the early statutes could not be
trusted. For example, in the early statutes the Pope
was always called our Holy Father the Pope. In the
English translation he was called the Bishop of Rome.
Then, his argument was that at this time women took
part in elections, and the words in this statute restricting
the franchise were words large enough to admit them ;
and this being a statute in restriction of the franchise,
it it were desired to restrain women in the use of the
franchise, apt words would have been used, it was to be
supposed. There were no such words. He now asked
whether he h d not produced ovidence sufficient to
show that women did, in fact, formerly take part in
elections, and therefore the supposed constitutional in-
capacity did not exist as to Ihe sex ; and if it did not
exist then it was not affected by the 405. freehold
statute aod was not affected by auy other.
The Chief-Justice in his decision admitted
that it was quite true that a few instanc.-s of
women signing indentures of returns of mem-
bers of Parliament had been shown, and it was
quite possible that there might be some other
instances in early times of women hiving voted
and assisted in legislation. Indeed, such in-
stances, he said, were mentioned in S9lden.
But he maintained that these instances were


^ $lu
377
rare, and of little weight as opposed to the usage
of several centuries.
And worse still, if possible, was the argument
of Mr. Mellish, counsel** against the rights of
woman. He cited an old justice Probyn who,
in a certain case, declared ;
Thi3 case cannot determine that women may vote for
members of Parliament, as that choice requires an im-
proved understanding, which women are not supposed to
have.
He also quoted a judgment of the Court of Ses-
sion in Scotland only the week before. The
Scotch judges, he said, had decided that
women were legally incapacitated, and that to
hold them entitled io vote was against public policy.
Such is the wisdom, such the justice of Eng-
lish Courts. One other strong point made
was, that the unbroken practice of two cen-
turies, and a general practice of five centuries,
was against it! The argument, it will be seen,
is three fold ; the first, that to vote requires an
improved understanding, which women are not
supposed to have the second, that the Scotch
Courts decided that, to hold women entitled
to vote was ^gainst public policy and the
third, that the unbroken practice of two cen-
turies was against it! The whole ruling is
old law and custom versus justioe and right.
One is reminded of an old Slavery Gospel Com-
pendium, by Henry Clay : What the law makes
property is property; and two hundred years
of. legislation have sanctified slave property as
sacredly as any other prop erty.
Really, in old England and New England, in
New York and the whole nation, it is simply a
usage of brute force, of might against right, of
divine authority overruled by barbarous despo-
tism that withholds the right of suffrage from
any intelligent, loyal negro, however black, or
woman, however weak. p. p.-
EDUCATION AND ENFRANCHISEMENT
OF WOMAN.
The Tribune of last Thursday contained the
following from Mr. B. Lowry of Erie, Penn.
We have heard from Mr. Lowry before in most
creditable way to himself, but never quite so
nobly as he appears in this utterance. He says
he will pursue the same course this winter at
Harrisburg that he did last in reference to those
educational institutions which exclude women
or negroes from their benefits.
And then he adds :
The amended constitution of the state contemplates
that the Legislature shall endow onejor more institutions
of learning, and 1 see no more direct way of meeting this
woman question than this. I shall favor its settlement
at the earliest day possible, and we would all do well to
remember that nothing is settled that is not settled right.
Educated men. the world over, make the best doctors, the
best Christians, the best formers, the best mechanics,
the best inventors, the best merchants, the best states-
men, the best neighbors, the best providers for those
who are dependent upon them, and the best homes for
themselves and their children, the best generals in the
army, and the best citizens in private and public life.
If these things be true, how can we answer to posterity
for cheating them oat of the half, and the better half,
ol them ? It is not the .dollars, or the mines, or the
mountains and valleys, or the cattle upon a thousand
hiile that make our wealth. It is the cultivation and
education of the immortal part of man that constitutes
our great wealth, and I will resist as best I can the crime
of withholding upon equal terms that blessing, and
that of enfranchisement from all mankind, of both
6exes, of all countries, and of all colors under general
laws applicable to all. Intelligence is the lever that ele-
vates the world, why should not the weight of oar
daughters be put on that lever as well as that of our
sons ? I would go farther, and repeal the charters of all
societies |and institutes of learning that discriminate
against the sex of their mothers, and issue their degrees
of M.D., and D.D., and LL.D., only to the lords and
gentlemen. It is time the antediluvians were unearthed.
I will, therefore, not vote the money of all to any insti-
tion in the state tbat will not open wide its doors to all
who can pass the requisite examination, regardless of
sex, race, nation, or color.
IRE ELECTION IN ENGLAND.
A private letter from Manchester, England,
written to Miss Anthony, gives a most interesting
account ol the late election in England, detailing
some events not read in the newspapers. The
writer says the adverse decision of the Com-
mon Pleas Court on the question of Womans
Suffrage was not unerpected, and nothing is
now left us but agitation, agitation, till we can
get the law changed. The writer deplores
deeply the defeat of John Stuart Mill whom
they have regarded as the leader of the Womans
movement. The writer further says they had a
hard fight in Manchester, and lost one earnest
friend, Mr. Errest Jones, and feared at one
time that even Mr. Jacob Bright would be de-
feated. On the day of the election in Manches-
ter, the women were quite active, bringing
many of their number to the polls, eight of whom
actually voted, and all for Mr. Bright and one
other Liberal r*andi,?ate. The greatest enthu-
siasm was manifested by the people, and the new
phenomenon was 'everywhere greeted with loud
and prolonged cheers. The writer closes by
saying, Our cause in Manchester is very
popular.
The following are the names of the women
who voted at the Manchester election : Prances
Cuthbevt, Frances Flockton, Caroline Barton,
Christian Copeland, Frances Roberts, Louise
Barnard, Frances Blake, and Phillis Harper.
PAREPA VERSUS THE PULPIT.
The pulpit lets fly a shaft now and then at
the opera, but generally gets the worst of it in
the controversy. Madame Parepa-Rosa has
been a recent subject of attack from the clergy
and defends herself through the newspapers, in
the following manner. It may be human deprav-
ity, it certainly is some power or influence which
crowds the opera, while the pulpit, with mar-
velously few exceptions, struggles hard for a
bare subsistence; and multitudes of well-edu-
cated and doubtless sincere ministers seek other
callings after a few years, in hope of improving
their material condition; indeed, often are
driven to this course, by stem necessity. .But
to the letter:
Council Bluffs, Nov. 25.Being a constant reader of
your estimable paper, I have, of course, read the opin-
ions, pro. and con., of different clergymen, on the
subject of a profession I have followed now for some
years, both as an operatic and concert singer, and must
express my surprise that any clergyman ein throw such
fearful aspersions on a profession which can only be fol-
lowed by using the gifts of voice and memory which
God alone can confer; and as ladies can earn so little in
any but a public performance, it is very hard that an
honest woman shoald have such terms applied to her,
merely by being obliged, through circumstances, to
turn her talents to account. It is not right in a man,
and particularly in a clergyman^to condemn a class he
evidently does not know. I firmly assert that the ladies
in my profession who are not virtuous women aie the
exception to the rule. I could mention scores of name9,
but will only name some of our prominent professional
ladies, whom I personally have the pleasure of knowing,
with lew exceptions : Mme. Schumann, Miss Phillips,
Mine. Sherrington, Miss Kellogg, Miss Hauck. Mme.
Viardot-Garcia, Mrs. Seguin, Mrs. Edward Seguin, Mme>
Medori, Persiaui, Sontag, Mme. Miolan-Carvalho, Miss
Nilsson, Mme. Jenny Lind.Goldsmidt, Mme. Dc Giuli,
Mme, Harriers Wipp3rn,fMr3. Bernard-Rlchiugs, Miss
Bateman, Miss Henriques, Mme. Sainton Dolby, Clara
Novello, etc., etc. Having named these ladies, whose
reputation is well known, is enough to prove the truth
of what I say. As to our not being received in society,
or among the familiar circles of the bqst families in all
countries, is a new idea, as £ am sure that the expe-
rience of other artists must be even with mine, in being
made welcome everywhere, and not finding sufficient
time from our avocations to accept all friendly invita-
tions received. I hope you will publish this hasty and
quite unprepared vindication of my sister-artists, and
express my strong feelings against, being subjected to
such sweeping aspersions by one who certainly ought to
influence public opinion, having the advantage of giving
his stigma to any profession from the pulpit. Again
begging your pardon for taking your time and space, and
hoping yon will take in consideration my naturally
wounded feelings, I remain, dear sir, truly yours,
Euphbosyne Pabefa-Bosa.
'IRE BODY IS MORE TRAN RAIMEN7,
Verily, much more. Though raimeut, in the
quantity found at the Messrs- Bainum, 196,
198 and 200 Chatham Square, is surely no trifle.
And as to the qualify, it would be a strange
taste that could not be gratified there, whether
as to variety or price. Calling in to see a gen-
tleman the other day, we were invited to
look through the establishment. No one in
passing it would have any idea of its extent and
the value of stock it contains. All the floors
cover just one acre of surface. And surely
there could be no need of nakedness in New
York, were but the vast deposits there on sale,
dispensed among its male inhabitants. An
army might be quartered among its mazes: and
every officer and soldier clothed lor a winter
campaign.
Whatever pertains to the wardrobe of man-
kind is there, hat and shoe, only excepted. In
quality, variety, style, and price also, every
farcy can be suit-ed and every purse. The rich
will find the costlie ;t of material, and most ex-
pensive manufacture ; modem, too, in style and
finish; while the working man and the poor
man can be supplied with substantial fabrics,
well and strongly made, and adapted to any
kind of business. Whatever wild beasts Mr.
Barnum, the Showman, exhibited in bis succes-
sion of Museums, running through many years,
his enterprising namesakes appear to have se-
cured at least, their pelts ; for they show their
patrons lion-skins, doeskins, beavers, merinos,
alpaccas, and they themselves only know what
else, in their stock of cloths, wholesale and re-
tail ; with every style, variety and price of
Trimmings to match ; beside the huge stocks
of ready mad^ clothing, on right hand and left,
as you wmd through room after room, or mount
loft after loft, the whole a perfect labyrinth, -
until all points of compass are bewilderingly
lost
The Hosiery Department, too, is on the same
extensive scale. Every kind of gentlemens
underclothing is there, all'wool, and no wool,
and all the way betweencoarse, fine and super-
fine ; all styles, all sizes, including, too, gloves,
mittens, scarfs, cfavats, handkerchiefs, collars,
suspenders, travelling bags and valises to carry
them in, and umbrellas if a customer is caught
with his new suit in the rain.
The Messrs. Baipum do not adhere strictly to
the One Brice system, because they necessarily
have remnants of their immense stocks to b6 dis-
posed of at the changes of the seasons. But their
custom made work is only sold at their stated
prices. They seldom advertise, do not even
make any elaborate show of goods and prices in
their spacioiis windows. Though off from Broad-
way, and selling below Broadway prices, they


378
ls<* ItMltttitftt*
make no claim to be a cheap store* Still less
do they boast, as do many, Of underselling all
their neighbors. Every salesman is required to
be respectful and courteous to customers; and
the intention is, as far as possible, that the goods
and prices shall recommend themselves to every
reasonable person. Whoever calls and buys, it
is hoped will be so well satisfied, that he will
not fail to call again, and bring, also, his
friends.
EVERY LADY'S HOUR. *
Editors of the Revolution:
Speak loudly for buiAan rights! Demand ex-
act justice for all 1 all men, all women. Mind
knows no sex except that which blends instead
*>f separates. Permit not the mothers of the
vac tt> continue slaves, or they will be Only
mothers of slaves! Equality before the law for
all people. Accept nothing less. Let blacks
riselift them! Let women riseaid them!
And let Indians also, the only native Ameri-
cans, become a part of the body politic. Justice
slumbers. Awaken her! Of the people, by
the people, and lor the people, this the watch-
word and the basis of the true government!
Have we reached it? No! Shall we? Yes, as
Ood lives and humans are inspired! Persist!
Persist! Persist! The prayers of millions
are with you to strengthen. America shall be
free! Persist! J. Madison Allen.
Aneora, N, J., Dec. 1, 1868.
WRY SROULB NOT WOMEN VOTE?
The principle that there should be no taxa-
tion without representation has always been
deemed a sound One in connection with our re-
publican institutions. That it is openly violated
in the case of women who own property which
is taxed, is unquestionable. That it should be
so violated, no one can honestly say.
The theory of our government is, that those
who are to be affected in their persons or proper-
ty by enacted laws, should have a voice in choos-
ing those who are to enact them. Women are
affected in both these respects, and yet are ex-
cluded from voting. There can be only two ar-
guments in favor of this exclusion : 1. That
by the old common-law doctrine of Baron and
Femme (now, thanks to progressive civilization,
changed to Husband and Wife) a married woman
had no separate rights in property which she
could enforce at law, and could only be pro-
tected, as to her interests, in a Court of equity,
through a trustee or next friend. 2. That it
would impair the refining influence of woman
to appear and vote at the polls.
As to the first argument, it no longer exists, at
least in this state, and never could apply to sin-
gle women anywhere. Married women can now
own separate personal and real estate, and cany
on business on their own account, and single
women always could have done so. Married as
well as single women may, also, now sue alone
in the courts of this state.
In reference to the second, no gentleman or
decent man would ever insult a woman, or be
otheriHse than respectful to her at the polls ;
and, if it were necessary or proper, a separate
caLuace might be provided for them, as is
done at some of our Saviiigs Banks ; or some
other regulation could be made to avoid the in-
delicacy of mingling with men. The best in-
fluence of woman in society might be preserved
without sacrificing heirights. Why, then, should
not women vote ? at least those who desire to ?
Some say that women have no minds of their
ownHave nt they ? But what do you Bay as
to some men in this respect t *
THE CONVENTION IN BOSTON.
Boston, Nov. 30th, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
The Womans Suffrage Convention here was
a great success in fiiany respects; yet a deepun-
d£f£uffeht of sadness surged through the hearts
of many who are working for womans highest
and holiest interests, that the leaders of it, those
who have given the best part of their lives to
the consideration rf this aud kindred sul jects,
should still pull at the same old wires that poli-
ticians have jerked until they have nearly ruined
the nation. They declared emphatically that
when we have the ballot we shall vote only for
those who now vote for us!
The people are looking to woman at this hour
almost as to a saviour, and are asking of her
something better than political wire-pulling,
even for the purpose of regaining her own lost
liberty. The voice of the people in this, is the
voice of God. A series of meetings for the dis*
cussionof progressive ideas is being held here,
and for the last four weeks the question has been.
Ought Women to Vote? Each night has
shown a deep mid growing interest in the sub-
ject, and some of the speeches in the affirma-
tive, from both sexes, would not disgrace the
Senate. Last evening, Mr. Salmon, the chair-
man, introduced your paper, from which he
read an article, and spoke in the highest terms
of the reforms to which your columns are dedi-
cated.
The high tone of these meetings, in which
woman takes an active part, shows what may
be expected when her presence is felt at the
polls. Elizabeth La Pierre Daniels.
THE RHODE ISLAND CONVENTION.
Thanks to our correspondent for so promptly
furnishing us with the proceedings of the Bhode
Island Womans Suffrage Convention in that
brave little state, last week. His letter as below,
is all for which we can possibly make room this
week.
Editors of the Revolution :
Never has the Womans Suffrage question
been more thoroughly ventilated in a weeks
time than in the little State of Rhode Island
during the last few days.
First, a Call for a Womans Suffrage Conven-
tion appeared in the Rhode Island papers, from
Dec. 5th to Dec. 11th, the day on which the
convention was held ; a call so influentially
signed as to disarm Opposition in advance.
Next a little strode of comedy. Rev. Mark
Trafton, a Methodist Minister, gave a smart
vestry lecture on The Coming Woman on
the evening of the 9th. His coming woman
was to be a good housekeeper, mind her ps and
qs, dress according to Traffcons taste, and not
vote. It is said, that Rev. Mark Trafton was
formerly a clerioal defender of slavery. It is
perfectly fit that a> man accustomed in former
days to trot out St. Paul in defence of the Fugi-
tive Slave law, should bring him forward in
these later times in opposition: to the emancipa-
tion of woman.
In the Providence Journal of the 10th, which
reported the Rev. Traffcons lecture, appeared a
forcible and graceful vindication of Womans
Suffrage, by Mrs. Sarah Helen Whitman, the
pdeh This Was followed on the 11th, the morn-
ing of the Convention, by an able and earnest
article on the same subject by Miss Nora Perry,
the well-known contributor to Harper's Maga-
zine.
The convention in Roger \Villiams5s Hall in
Providence, numbered over a thousand at each
session, and its dignity,, intelligence, perfect
system, ability and social weight, received most
respectful acknowledgment on all sides. It
was by far Hie finest convention on any subject
held in Rhode Island for many years. The
Providence Journal* Senator Anthonys paper,
which has so often kindly greeted the womans
movement, and which is, in many respects, the
ablest of the New England dailies, printed an
elaborate and excellent report of the contention,
and bore full testimony to its high character
and success.
The Herald, the Democratic organ of the state,
also handsomely and gallantly acknowledged
the weight and influence of Hie convention,
kicking up its heels only very slightly in the
course of a column of editorial. The Press
alone, of the Providence dailies (Republican),
while necessarily speaking respectfully of Hie
convention, yet devoted nearly two-thirds of its
editorial to scolding Stephen S. Foster, of Wor-
cester in Hie interest of Rev. Trafton, who was
present in the convention, bnt who apparently
did not fancy hieing that battery of Womans
eyes, when he was invited to the platform.
Among the substantial results of the conven-
tion, were several hundred names signed to the
petitions to Congress and the state Legislature ;
the formation of the Rhode Island Woman Suf-
frage Association, thoroughly to canvass the state
for signatures, and the raising of sufficient funds
to furnish a starting point for the work of the
association.
This is an outline of the weeks labors and
triumphs ; a very neat little campaign upon the
whole. If every state would hold an equally in-
fluential convention, it would, at least, give to
the women who want, and are determined to
use, poliHcal power, a veto on Hie nomination or
election of any man who meanly or tyranically
opposes this movement.
The episode of the Rev. Trafton is only good
for comedy and hardly worth the space it oc-
cupies. The columns of the daily papers, and
probably the pens of other correspondents, will
furnish you the details of the convention.
Narragansett.
THE VINDICATOR.
The Record and Vindicator' of this city vin-
dicates its own character for purity in its ad-
vertisements thus :
From the first number of the Record, in January, 1869,
to the present, no objectionable advertisements were ever
inserted.in this paper ; and this oonrsewe have pursued
for years before Miss Anthony came to purify the press
by precept and example, and this course we will pursue
to the end of our editorial career. We have refused for
such advertisements more money than all our advertise-
ments combined ever brought us but advocating prin
cipies in the editorial page and ad vertising vice in the
business columns does not square with our ideas ol' the
duty of a journalist.
The Revolution is compelled to say that
there is a whole column of a single advertise-
ment in that very Vindicator, which it would not
insert for all the money both papers ever mad *
by their advertisements.


3Hftt IUv0lttti0!i.
WOMEN AND HORTICULTURE.
Editors of the Revolution :
I notice in a late number of the Gardener's Mag-
azine (English) that Miss Burdett Coutts has
offered Jive hundred pounds in prizes for the
promotion of cotton culture. Now, why cannot
some one or more of our wealthy women m
this country do as much, towards the advance-
ment of American Horticulture. Suppose we
have an Horticultural School for girls near New
York city, or one in every large city and village.
There are thousands of girls! yes, and women
too who would like no better employment than
cultivating fruit jaud dowers, but to become suc-
cessful cultivators, they need to be taught the
rudimentavy principles of the science. It can-
not be said that there is anything unwomanly
in cultivating flowers, and I cannot see any.
good reason for debarring the sex from a share
at least of the profits of this constantly increas-
ing trade. The natural taste for flowers seems
to be far more general with women than men,
and why should it not be developed and turned
to a valuable account ? All that is required to
make such a move popular and successful, is
for some noble hearted woman to come forward
and make a liberal donation of land or money.
Give us Horticultural Schools, where girls can
be taught how to grow fruits and flowers,-and
there will soon be an end of that scarcity
of sober, intelligent gardener as at present
exists. It is true that Botany is taught in some
of our schools, and girls learn a few of the rules,
but not enough to be of any practical use to
them in after life. I do not believe that either
men-or women should have a monopoly of any
branch of horticulture, because there is work
connected with each that is better suited to one
than the other; but let us have a partnership,
each doing that which is most congenial, and
not, as at the present time, one having all the
profit and honor, whether entitled to it or other-
wise. Women have done and are still doing
much for horticulture, but I fear that they re-
ceive little credit and less encouragemen t to con-
tinue in the good work. We want an extensive
horticultural establishment near New York city,
where a thousand girls and women can earn
enough during summer to support themselves
in winter, just as a large proportion of our far-
mers and fruit gatherers dat the present time.
There are plenty of charitable people in New
York, who will give thousands of dollars towards
furnishing guides to lead the souls of women
into paradise; but if there is one who is ready
to furnish the means of placing these ladies iu
a terrestrial garden of Eden, let him or her sp$ak.
A. S. Fuller.
Coming Along.The Anti-Slavery Standard
can afford no longer to be behind. It now
says: We shall not have achieved a truly re-
publican government while woman is disfran-
chised. There is no more logical ground for
disfranchising women, on account of sex, than
for the proscription of men on account of color.
The argument which holds woman responsible
to government, as a subject and tax-payer, de-
minds as its logical sequence her full enfran-
chisement. As justice is the highest expe-
diency, so would the enfranchisement of women
prove as expedient as the claim is just.
Better late than never, but what pity that so
just conclusions could not have been reached
two years ago! It would have compromised the
Anti-Slavery Society no more then than now.
But the world might not then have heard of
The Reyollutlon.'
PEACE AND LIBERTY IN SWITZER-
LAND.
The following discourse was delivered at
Berne, Sept. 26, 1868, at the Second Congress
of the Peace and Liberty League, by Madame
Maria Goegg, president of the International
Association of Women. The Revolution
is indebted for the Translation, to Mrs. Eliza-
beth Smith Miller.
Gentlemen and Ladies : I speak in the name of the
International Association for Woman, and I thank you
sincerely, gentlemen, for your decision to regard us
in this Congress as your equals in right. I hope your
noble example will be felt throughout Europe and will
bear fruit; I hope, also, that the members of the Con*
gress to which I made application in the name f our
Association will next year acknowledge that they were
wrong in not taking my address into consideration and
in not admitting woman to their councils as you have
done.
Gentlemen and ladie9, our design is, as you know, in
addressing ourselves to mothers, to generalize and spread
the elevating ideas of the League of Peace and Liberty*
But here we find an invincible obstaclethe position in
which woman is placed by law and custom.
These laws enacted in the pride, egotism and inhu-
manity of our ancestors, now react on men themselves,
giving them companions unprepared for the great intel-
lectual struggle to which they are impelled. The exclu-
sion of all active thought (in which they have been up-
held) has caused inability in some, indifference in others,
and childishness in tastes and ideas, with the greater
part.
To remedy this evil a rational change is necessaryan
act of justicethe abolition of all laws subjecting woman
to manthe reinstatement of woman as a human being,
responsible for her acts and condition.
Up to the present time, woman has not had the right
to work, save that prescribed or tolerated by man, and
this limited choice has disgusted the daughters of the
middle class with work, and has created among the poor
a competition which makes their gain but nominal, and
which has caused this deplorable immorality, the wave
of which rises higher and higher, and threatens to invade
society, unless a prompt remedy be applied. Moreover
education has been regarded for woman, I will not say
useless, but at least secondary indeed there have been
but tew among them who have enjoyed the precious ad-
vantages ot knowledge, and whilst they saw their bro-
thers pass from class to class and rise to the highest de-
gree in study, they, poor oppressed creatures, were ob-
liged to regard themselves as imperfect beingsto bush
the inner voice which urged them, them also, to seek life
in education ; and to throw themselves into the aims or
the Priest, who murmured in tbeir ear the word Resig-
nation, and showed them heaven as the price of their
tears!
To-day. it is true, iu all countries, the most enlight-
ened men are concerning themselves with the two ques-
tions which X have just named, knowledge : the right to
labor, and education, and it is probable they will be able
to settle them satisfactorily. But, gentlemen*and ladies,
the result cannot be really practical unless it is inspired
by the true breath of liberty, and lor this reason I ad-
dress to you these words; you, apostles of humanity, as-
sembled in this place, to the end that you not only de-
mand for woman equality in labor and education, but
also that you claim her perfect legal equality. How
would it be possible to admit that the necessities of the
present age demand enlightened-women, and yet pre-
serve the chains riveted in the days ol ignorance?
The position given to woman in the middle ages and
in remote times, is explained by tbe lit led by the men
of that epoch. Their only perception being domination,
their first care was, naturally, to rule the weak beings
around them ; their only occupation being war, war all
of oppression, caprice and tyranny, it was quite natural
that the women who shared neither in their passions
nor combats, should be treated by them as beings of an
interior o"der. The education of the men being almost
nothing, so essentially so, that even in the last century
great captains boasted that they could not sign their
names, the education of woman was still les3, and I am
not astonished by the restrictive laws made by men who
were imbued with the single idea that might makes right.
But, to-day, in the face of the infinite progress result-
ing from the intellectual development of society, the po-
sition of woman is an anomally, an unmeaning thing, a
tyranny which, like all tyrannies, will bring misfortu ic
to the tyrants if persisted in. To-day, gentlemen, you
379
cannot, without a ridiculous want of perception, seek to
free yourselves from tbe arbitrary yoke of the will ol the
strong, without protesting at the same time against the
arbitrariness of men who dare determine (he limits
of nature.
If among those who listen to me some are not yet con-
vinced of the justice of our cause, will they permit me
to remind them that their own interests are at stake. If
they desire real progress, it is through the aid of en-
lightened women that they must attain it, for it is
woman who is charged with the education of children,
and it is she who awakens within them principles that
shall govern the entire life. The men who changed the
iace of the world in enacting the laws of 89 were nur-
tured'by women inspired with the ideas of the philoso-
phers of the eighteenth century, and particularly with
the writings of the author of LEmile of the Vicaire
Savoyard and of the Conlrat Social. If these men have
constructed an edifice subject to oscillation, it is that in-
toxicated with glory, they have paid with ingratitude
the heroic aid of their mothers and wives. They have
wished liberty but for themselves, and have not, in pro-
claiming the imprescriptible rights oi man, proclaimed
those, not less lmprescripfcable, of woman. They paid
dearly for their fault, and their descendants are still suf-
ferers thereby. Iu denying woman as-Ills equal, the
proud man hinders his own elevation. It woman had
been called from 89, to make a free use of all the facul-
ties wife which nature endowed her, society, far from
having to submit to a retrograde movement, would have
progressed.
Military despotism could not so easily have established
its authority, the clergy would not have found ears so
disposed to allow them to reconquer their lost rights :
in our days men would not allow themselves to be
led into war like meek sheep, the Church would not in-
intermeddle with the civil code, sohools would be im-
proved and spread in profusion! 5Tes, gentlemen, you
would have all that, if all the generations which have
succeeded each other since the French Revolution had
imbibed with their mothers milk, desire for the public
welfare, and justice, and love of truth !
Who are the greatest adversaries to the emancipation
of woman ? They are the interpreters of religious dogmas
who know well that their power is lost from the day that
woman becomes enlightened! There are indeed, on our
side, mauy egotists who wish liberty but for themselves,
many conservatives who tear all change, many libertines
who.dread seeing their playthings escape them when wo-
men shall no longer struggle against poverty, and shall
learn by education, and the use of her rights, her true
value. But by fee side of these various leaders, very de-
spicable you wili confess, there is fee religious leaven,
and all submit to it more or less. Read fee writings of
the Ultramontains or Pietistsfee style is everywhere fee
same Woman must content herself in fee place
which God has assigned her.
Ah, gentlemen! was not fee same language used re-
specting you, in those times when fee clergy and nobles,
aided by the military, crushed the citizen, fee laborer
and the peasant wife every ignominymocked at their
complaints, and considered them impudeDt to think of
equality ? Was it not in fee name of this same religion
feat the peasant was forced to pass his entire life bowed
over the soil which he cultivated for his superiors while
he and his family were dying ot hunger? Is it not in
the name of this same religion that tbe slave is taught
to obey his master and to silently endure his ill-treat-
meut? And yet you have thrown off their bonds: the
peasant has become a man, as free, as independent
as he who arrogated to himself fee right of master;
the slave has broken his chains, and humanity, far from
suffering thereby, has burst into songs of joy. Away,
then, with all reserve in regard to woman. As the best
educated and intelligent men are, with fee aid of reason,
the best husbands and the best fathers, so woman, by
fee highest exercise of all her faculties, will become a
being far superior to what she now is, will be more at-
tached to home life, will better comprehend and fulfil
her duties as wile and mother.
There are, gentlemen, so many complaints n^de
against us that I am surprised to see this effort for
change on our part, so dreaded. If I did not fear weary-
ing you, I should repel at length two accusations brought
against us by mau. One is that woman is aristocratic by
nature, the other that she prefers money to progress.
How, in conscience, can a man ot self-respect apply to
us this epithet of aristocrat, when he knows its origin ?
He who first threw this opprobrium in our face, is the
man who destroyed a part of the work accomplished by
the Revolution, the despot who has risen but at the ex-
pense of liberty, and who is maintained on his usurped
throne but by wars of conquest Why, then, did Bona -
parte fear woman if he believed her so truly devoted to


380
royalty? Why, then, did he so persecute the liberal fe-
male genius of that age, Madam do Stael, in saying
coarsely to her that he valued a woman according to the'
number of children she had given her counify. I be-
lieve, rn the contrary, gentlemen, that nature, in making
the heart of woman accessible to pity for all the unfortu
mate, gave her the truest humanitarian principlesmade
her, by birth, very liberal. If there are amoug women,
as among men, aristocrats, it is much more the effect of
education and prejudice, much more the work of men
themselves, than of nature.
As to preferring money to progress! Ah, gentlemen,
how easily a judgment is expressed, but how seldom is
it equitable I How can woman interest herself in pro*
gress when she herself is left outs'de of all progress?
WomenI mean the masses-do they read the papers ?
Do you seek to develop this taste in them ? Do you
speak to them of serious things ? Do you aid them in
interesting themselves in public affairs when you repeat
to them constantly that their duty is, to be occupied in
domestic cares? Do not some husbandslookupou their
wives tele a tete with priests with less repugnance than
they would feel in seeing them discuss, for the same
length of time, certain questions of public interest ?
Why, then, be astonished that the majority ot women
remain indifferent to a range of thought in which they
have never had occasion to exercise their minds ? I pro-
test against these two epithets, as I protest also, in the
name of the International Association of Women, agains
the idea that woman having regained the rights with
which nature endowed her, will be less attached to mar*
riage; we declare, on the contrary, that we regard it as
the true?aud only base of modem and humanitarian so
ciety.
In closing, I beg the Congress to adopt some resolu-
tions in oar favor ; and I address particularly to you,
ladies, one word. The more we work ourselves for our
own education and independence, the more will we in-
spire man with respect for us, and the more certainly
secure his aid j and in this manner, I am convinced,
that we shall yet come out victorious, from the struggle
which has no other end, I repeat it, than to insure every-
wbeft the reign of justice and liberty, and instruction
and happiness to every human being.
Do Women Want to Vote?The New York
San thinks if the women of'every city in the
Union would do what the Manchester women
have done, namely, make a special claim to be
registered as voters, and sign the document
with their names and address, it would be
known what proportion of the sex in each city,
and finally throughout the United States,, really
do want to exercise the franchise. We are told
that many of them have no wish to be thus
invested with political power, and perhaps this
is the case to a greater extent than we think.
At any rate, it will give strength and dignity to
the general movement if this minor step be
taken. In Manchester 5,346 women set the
rest in that city and elsewere the example of
decided action in the premises by claiming to
be put upon the registration rolls, and a num-
ber of them actually voted too, as we show in
another part of The Revolution.
Patronizing Art.A. T. Stewart has ordered
a large picture representing the Emancipation
of American Slavery, from M. Yoon, of Paris.
Who will one day paint the no less interesting
picture of labor emancipated from capital?
More than twenty thousand farmers toil from
year to year to earn A. T. Stewarts annual in-
come ; his, not under the divine law of indus-
try but the devils law of interest at such rates
as keep labor poor with all its toil and produc-
tion, ,and capital rich, and growing richer, with-
out toil of any kind and still less production.
Female Suffrage.Our Adler and'the
Chicago JRosi are out for Female Suffrage. This
is right and just. At least so says the Reading
Eagle, a lively and liberal little Pensyivania
Daily,

Good Sign. The Revolution is not quite
a year old yet, but its good example and precept
have influenced the press immensely already,
all over the country, on the subject of quack
and immoral advertisements. Many papers
come to this office with announcements (marked)
like the following from the Western New Yorker:
We have for some time excluded, and shall not in
future insert, aoy of the large class of objectionable ad-
vertisements and special notices that are everywhere
seeking publicity. No vendor of sugar-coated abortion
pills, no old physician living on a sand-bank with
private medicines, no prurient pauderer to ignorance or
vicein brief, none of the heralds of nasty nostrums
can make our columns the conduit of their nncleanness.
Without supposing ourselves responsible for anything
that our advertisers choose to say, we shall nevertheless
exercise a just censorship in the interest of the homes
and firesides which the New Yorker is intended to in-
struct, entertain and profit,
Calamity Coming.Rev. J, D. Fulton, of
the Baptist Tremont Temple, Boston, formerly
of Albany and Troy, in this state, preached
against Woman Suffrage in Boston on Thanks-
giving day, bringing out some new suggestions
on that subject. He said :
With woman voting the country is given up to Roman-
ism. The priest loses the man, but keeps the woman.
Give him the control of the vote of the thousands of ser-
vants in the great oities, and there is an end to legisla-
tion m behalf of the Sabbath, the Bible, the school sys-
tem, temperance and morality."
On which the Troy Budget writes in this man-
ner : There is death in the pot and destruc-
tion in the kitchen, When the Massachusetts
Puritans dome to take Fultons view of Woman
Suffrage tliey will drop their pet ism, suddenly.
O, We Go!The Owego people, even the
Young Mens Christian Association, are de-
lighted that a woman is to lecture, or rather give
a reading there, some time soon. No woman
ever yet spoke there with the approval of the
people generally, still less of the religious peo-
pled
To Correspondents.Our desks are crowded
with their favors. Some are so long as to be
wholy inadmissible, unabridged, and to hew
them down to our limits, is a labor for which we
positively have not time. Send us only the pith
and marrow of your thoughts. You will then be
more likely to get printed, and a thousand times
more sure to be read.
Rapid Progress.Six propositions, at least,
for Woman Suffrage have already been intro-
duced in Congress; three of them by Mr.
Juliau.
A lady in Lee, Maes., has earned $900 in Jive years
-with a sewing machine.
We wonder if a man can be found, who would
be contented with earning $900 lor five years
work?
An Association, to be known as the Staten'Island Skat-
ing Club, was formed at Port Richmond, S. I., on Tues-
day before last. Mr. Frank Parks was elected President,
Miss Minnie Russell Treasurer, and Miss Carman, Direc-
tress of the Club,
Glass Making.The number of persons em-
ployed in glass making at Muranoone of the
islands of the Lagoonand Venice is 5,000,
two-thirds of whom are women and children.
The material used in the manufacture is es-
timated at 7,000,000 francs.
7A'
i L bbbiai^BBwaa
LITERARY.
Or MagazinesWe have the Michigan University, for
December. Ann Arbor. Two dollars a year.
Leisure Sours, Pitsburg, Pa., for December. ODwyer
& Co., publishers. $2 per annum.
The Massachusetts Teacher and Journal of School and
'Home Education, for December. Boston : Published by
.theMassachusetts Teachers Association. $1.50 per
annum.
Excelsior, for December, a capital number of an excel-
lent journal. New York: Olmsted & Wellwood. $2.50
per annum.
In Pictorials, we have Harpers Weekly and Harpers
Bazar, both capital of their kind ; caunot be too widely
circulated. Some of the pictures are fit to frame lor the
parlor. The Bazar is a good deal more than a Fashion
delineator, holding higher views of woman, and her
rights and responsibilites than an^ other journal of its
kind that we have seen. It and the Weekly are four dol-
lars a year each.
In Reports, there are on our table the first of Midnight
Mission for the year 1868. A little one in size, but burst-
ing out with interesting facts and statements on this new
and most important branch of benevolent enterprise
Herald of Peace is the name of a sixteen page quarto,
published in Chicago, 111., by members of the Society
of Friends. It,is devoted to the cause of Peace and gen-
eral religious improvement. It numbers among its
contributors Prof. Thomas Chase, of Haverford College ;
E. L. Comstock, the well-known missionary and philan-
thropist j J. H. Douglas, Secretary of the Peace Asso-
ciation of Friends of America Wm. F. Mitchell, of
Philadelphia, long an active and efficient laborer among
the Freedmen-, David Hunt, a veteran minister of Iowa ;
Prof. D. SaWerthwaite, of New York, beside many others,
both among Friends and others.
The Childrens Department is edited with great care.
Altogether it is decidedly the leading paper among the
Friends. It is issued at the low price of $1.50 per year
The Hunter an d Trapper. By Halsey Thrasher, an
experienced hunter. New York: Orange Judd & Co.,
246 Broadway. A very pretty illustrated little book of
about a hundred pages, written, as the author says in a
prefatory note, by a blacksmith by trade, and not a
book-maker, but wholes studied the-nature and habits
of animals," and knows well how to capture them,
how to dress their skins and how to color them and fit
them for use. He describes all kinds of traps and
snares, and gives pictures of them, tells how to fish,
how to hunt bees and do many other things interesting
to boys and useful to men, especially in the newer parts
ot the country, or wherever there is game or fish.
The Erie Railroad Row. By Oharles F. Adams, Jr.
Boston: Lillie, Brown & Co. New York : American
News Company. Six-andforty pages of most remark-
able statements and disclosures on the deeds and mis-
deeds of one of the vastest monopolies in the world.
Might be reckoned the worlds.eighth Wonder, only that
it would eclipse forever out of sight the other seven. *
In Memoriam Introductory Lecture to the Wo-
mans Medical College oi Pennsylvania, at the opening
of the 19th session, Oct., 1868. By Rachel L. Bodley,
M. L. A. Philadelphia : Merrihew & Son, 243 Arch
street.
Proceedings of the Second Session of the Na -
tional Labor Union, in convention at New York City,
Sept. 21,1868. Philadelphia : W. B. Sclheimcr, printer,
N. W. corner Fifth and Chestnut streets.
An Appeal for the Indians. By Lydia Maria Child.
New York: Wm. P. Tomlinson, 39 Nassau -street.
Peterss United States Musioal Review, Peterss
Companion for the Flute and Piano," Peterss Glee
Hivethree handsome musical magazinesthe former,
a monthly, containing, besides several pieces,of music,
much interesting and valuable reading matter. Now
York : J. L. Peters, 198 Broadway.
A slave in Brazil has carved a statue of Cu-
pid, for which he has won the national medal
for the best work of sculpture and received his
liberty. This is the first instance ever known
of tho god of Love getting a person out of
rouble.


381

hi
1HE MESSIAH."
m
The New York Harmonic Society will give
Handels Grand Oratorio of the Messiah in
Steinway Hall, Christmas evening, Dec. 25.
Miss Julia A. Houston of Boston, Miss Adelaide
Phillips, Mr. Geo. Simpson and Mr. W. H.
Beckett are the Soloists, with a full orchestra
and an efficient chorus. Mr. E. J. Connolly,
organist, and F. L. Bitter, Conductor. We
need not say that the Harmonic Society has
been doing a good work the last seventeen
years in bringing before the public the works
of the best masters; and now, after so many
years of labor in educating the public taste,
often at a pecuniary sacrifice to the itself, we
hope a grateful public will fill the house on
this Auuual Festival.
to be very aiaxious to take all power out of the
hands of the government, and make it impos-
sible for it to help the people in the financial
crisis which their policy of contraction and the
destruction of legal-tender notes, coincident
with a return to specie payments, would bring
about. If Congress can only be seduced into
abdicating its constitutional powers with respect
to the regulation of the value of moneyand
that value canno.t be regulated except by the
adaptation of the volume of the currency to the
wants of trade, and the fixing of the rate of in-
terest, if this power can be given over to private
corporations, who shall be, in the main, free
to expand or contract the currency with the aid
of money-brokers and speculators, so as to get
high rates of interest and bring down the
prices of labor and property, these men will be
apparently well content.
THE BENEDICT TIME WATCH.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, C91 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches for the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfect time-keepeh. Their
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the ohoicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality of watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture of the move-
ments, whioh are of nickel, which has proved to he a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less^liable to contraction or-expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
niate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stock of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in. every respect warranted. The Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in -commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and wouldsay
to all, if you want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.
Jiummal JJqrawumt.
Financial %and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, lilce our Cotton, FOB SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Products and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At-
lantic and'Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New York the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
pateafrom Bank of England, or American Gash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonciei' and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to
' Resuscilate: the South and our Mining Iniweslsi
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Fi'ancispo. More organized
Labor, more Cotton,. more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND.
A PENNY OCEAN POSTAGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION,
VOL. II.no. u.
RESUMPTION.
Editors of the Revolution:
Many men in conspicuous places are urging a
return to specie paymentso-called. They seem
The resumption of specie payments is the
worst possible measure for the people, and it is
only because of this continued clamor for a
retrograde step toward barbarism, and the pres-
ent speculations in money that trade is so un-
stable. Let the government furnish a permanent
legal-tender paper currency sufficient in amount
for the wants of business, and let it be known
that if speculators tighten the money-market,
the government will, on the instant, issue more
money (any surplus being always fundable in
interest-bearing bonds), and the people would
devote themselves industriously to the produc-
tion and exchange of all needful articles. The
waste of productive energy caused by our false,
uncertain and fluctuating finaucial policy is
greater than can be estimated.
It is impossible for the government, with
gold and silver coins as the basis of the cur-
rency to have any real oontrol over tb.e value
of money. So long as the rates of interest can
rise and money be made scarce by hoarding
evils inseparable from a metal currencythere
can be no safety or certainty in undertaking
enterprises and spending labor and skill on that
which may pass out of a mans hands without
any fault on his part, simply by means of a de-
fective standard of value.
But it is- said, money is a commodity, gold
and silver are the only true money. W. M.
Boucher, in his pamphlet on the Science of
Money, makes some interesting observations
on this point:
Doubtless tbe first money, or the first attempt at
money, or a system of money, was a mongrelas our
specie money is nowthat is, it was neither really and
wholly money, or barter, hut a combination of the two,
the two in onea kind of barter-money; that is, a
money with an intrinsic value ; that is, in pari a com-
modity ; and so, again, a commodity-money, or money-
commodityjust what our specie money is this day.
Some have already seen this much, and have called onrx
system barbarous. Were they wrong ? If so, it was
on the side favoring us. I go farther, and say, this com-
parison was a slander on barbarians, for some of them
have excelled this. This was doubtless%he best system,
the. most practicable one, and therefore the natural sys-
tem, for those times, and for obvious reasons : then
there was no stability in the homes and residences of
individuals ; no stability of society ; no certain security
of property ; there were no nations ; and therefore a
mere token for, or representation of, value j or a promise
individual or national, would not have been, as now,
practicable or sufficient. And all money is either this
commodity-money, or a mere promise stereotyped or
made visible and tangible by some speoies of registra-
tion, as I shall show. All commodity-money must be
in part, or have some degree of the promise-money in
it, otherwise it will be a mere commodity, and therefore
not money at all; and hence, there can be no money
without a promise ; and hence, too, theie is virlually
no money but a promise ; all else is but a commodity,
disguise it as you may, by raising its prioe, by making
it, for tho time being, the hearer, or visible and tangi-
ble registration of th'e-promise; therefore, money is a
promise.. * * "'A * *
In those times, the promise bfeiug of little worth, the
thing by which it was registered, or fo-w^ich it was at-
tached, was required to be proportionately ln^re valua-
ble as a commidityto have proportionately moreHntrin-
sic value in itselfnot in degree, but in kind, and so ft*
be a commodity, and to pass proportionately more purely
as a commodity. So, in proportion as promises became
more reliable, and of greater worth, did its visible and
physical manifestation and perpetutation require to be
less purely a commodity, until now, with us, ft no longer
requires to be a commodity at all, or, in other words, to
have any intrinsic value ; and therefore now we can have
the advantage, if we will, of having i9kl moneymoney
pure and simple ; or still, in other words, and by which
I perhaps shall make myself better understood, the less
reliable and valuable the promise, tbe more necessity
there was of its being attached, etc., to a commodity,
and the less possibility, so to speak, there was of having
money at all; or, the more reliable and valuable a pro-
mise became, the more nearly we were approaching the
time when real money, pure and simple, should become
possible, or the more money could be had.
The more valuable the promise became, the higher the
commodity to which it was attached, or in which it was
registered, rose in price, or fictitious value ; the sim-
ple attachment, etc., having in the first place drawn
or thrown it' out of its natural career as a commodity,
pure and simple ; for instance, gold and silver, ii it
were not for their present relation in this respect, would
not be worth say more than one-half or one-quarter
part of what they are now rated at, which would he their
intrinsic value, as a commodity, pure and simpletheir
value in the arts.
This effect of the promise in raising and changing the
price of the commodity to which it is attached, Is an
element of great disturbanceof war and strife among
the elements or objects of commerce, or in the matter of
the exchange of commodities, and of misunderstanding
and confusion to everybody. .
A doubt is often expressed whether if money
be made abundant and its powers expressed
upon an inexpensive material, we may not have
too much of it. Mi*. Boucher meets the objec-
tion in this way ;
Every'one sees and feels, now-a-days, almost intuitive -
ly, the advantages of having plenty of money. But to
the unsophisticated I would say, do not take this phrase,
plenty of money, coo literally or too figuratively : it
only means plenty of money with which to effect the
exchange of commodities vbut, as you wQl see, this
itself is a long stride toward making plenty of money in
the sense of plenty of wealth); you must earn the money
you must have a commodity (and your labor may be
that commodity in the way explained) to give in ex-
change lor it before you can get it.
From the Montreal Witness, as quoted by a
foreign Review, Mir. Boucher gives some ex-
tracts ; and to show what the effects of resump-
tion are likely to be, I cannot do better than
ask you to follow his citations :
In 1822 there was £10,000,000 of specie in tbe Bank of
England. In 1826, £2,000,000; then there was a national
crisis. The elder Sir RobertPeel said, had it netbeen for
an accidental discovery of £l,00u, 000 of notes which had
not been canceled, the country would in one hour have
been reduced to barter, resulting from making bank notes
payable in gold on demand, etc. Several crises, more or
less severe/have occurred in England since, from tho
same cause ; but in that of 1857, the government made
the bank notes legal tender, and absolutely for a time
did away with all gold money tor the internal trade,
when business at once revived. If so absolute a remedy
could so suddenly cure the evils from the gold, or fal?e
currency, why not perpetuate it? In 1857 Canada had a
crisis. The banks had only about $1,000,01)0 of money left;
incalculable ruin resulted. France had a crisis in 1847,
and by mailing its bank notes legal tender, it furnished a
currency for internal industry, and it stalked on to pros-
perity. The scarcity oi money caused the crisis, and then
thousands of our business men fled from our moneyless
country, to obtain food and raiment in a foreign land,
and thousands upon thousan ds of our laboring classes
followed them to' the United States. We had a crisis in
1827, then in 1837, and then in 1847, which from its se-
verity caused an intense desire in many minds for an-
nexation to the United States, and every other shop m
Montreal was begging for a tenant; then one in 1857
and 1858. severe and disastrous. Baron Rothschild once
said before a committee of the British House oi Com-
mons ; Make money cheap, and you will have tbe com*


382
*v0lutxatt.c
merce of the world ; make it dear, and you will lose it."
England Sad for internal trade none but paper money,
which was legal lender, from 1797-to 1819. It saved the
country from absolute ruin. With that paper money
she carried on the most stupendous wars, and advanced
rapidly in manufactures and agriculture. Then, Peels
bill, making gold tbe only legal tender, in 1821, caused
the Irish to starve, though there was plenty of food in
England. Here was stagnation in trade, death of trade,
aud death to the population, for want of currency. It
was no better in England in 1826, when, for want of cur-
rency, thousands of' people had to be furnished with
soldiers cast oft* clothing. By having only a foreign
currency, the chea^money of another nation ruins us."
* * * # *
The Review says: The effect of that hill which
compelled tbe bank, after twenty-two years suspension,
to pay its bills in gold, is thus stated by tbe London
Times : This measure has doubled the value Of
money, for it has made che sovereign worth two sover-
eigns. '*
Blackwoods Magazine for September, 1850, in a re-
view of the life of the younger Peel, says : A compari-
son ot the prices oi grain for twenty years before, and
twenty years after the change to gold payments, leaves
no doubt that, combined with free trade, it has- now
lowered prices, on an average of years, a half; in other
words, doubled the weight of debt and halved the remu-
neration of industry, on an average of years, over the
whole country. It has rendered the public debt of £800,-
000,000 in reality £1,600,000,000. It has swelled tbe thou-
sand millions of private debt into two thousand mil-
lions. It has rendered our taxation of fiity millions
annually, equal to one hundred millions at the old
prices. In a country engaged in such extensive under-
takings, and so dependent on that most sensitive of
created things, credit, for its support, as Great Britain,
it may be doubted whether human ingenuity could have
devised anything so well calculated to spread ruin and de
solation so generally through tbe people as this fat al step.
Its effects in doubling the weight of debt, public and
private, ami halving, when taken into consideration with
tree ti$de, the remuneration of industry, at-least to
rural laborers, great and serious as it has been, has
proved the least of the many evils that are distinctly
traceable to it. By lowering prices in every department,
over the whole country, it rendered the indirect taxes
unproductive, and induced that constant clamor, on the
part of persons engaged in particular trades, to get the
taxes removed which pressed on them, which bas in-
volved the natiou ever since in financial difficulties, ex-
tinguished the sinking fund, which, had it been left
alone, would have paid off the whole public debt by the
year 1845, and by the admission of the Chancellor of the
Exchequer, has added £27,00t),000 to the national debt,
over and above all in that time paid off during the last
twenty years of unbroken peace. It has spread em-
barrassment and bankruptcy so far through the land
that two-thirds of our landed proprietors are notoriously
insolvent: and the nation, when blessed with a fine har
vest, has come to import from a fourth to a fifth of its
annual subsistence from foreign states, although fifteen
years ago it was self-supporting ; it has .reduced the
price of food a half, but it has lowered the. wages of la-
bor in a still greater degree, by reason of the numerous
bankruptcies among tbe employers, aud the diminished
work for the employed. It has induced that terrible in-
stability in mercantile transactions, and those ruinous
monetary crises which have now become of periodic oc-
currence, though unknown belore tbe resumption of gold
payments, and which never occur without destroying
irom a third to a half of the whole commercial capital in
the empire. It engendered that overwhelming influence
of the moneyed aristocracy, and general suffering of the
industrial classes, which inspired the money power
with that restless desire of change, which never fails to
accompany long-continued and general suffering. By
vesting power in the moneyed and mercantile classes,
through the Beform Act, it brought ou the series of
class legislative measures ivhich have gone so far to en-
danger our colonial empire and destroy the national in-
dependence of Great Britain. All the evils under which
we now labor may, by a demonstrable series of causes
and effects, bo traced back to that one fatal deviation
from Mr. Pitts protection policy {through paper cur-
rency or cheap money), under which the nation had so
marvelously prospered during the war, No lasting re-
liance can be placed on the gold, how great soever is its
amount in the country, because it is liable to be drained
away any day by a bad harvest, a war abroad, .or the
usual mutations of commerce. In the last thirty years
the people have increased nearly by a half, their trans-
actions have been tri pled, and the money they can rely
on keeping in the country has been halved.
CONGRESS ANJD the coining power.
Editors of the Revolution:
As my reading of the constitution differs wide-
ly from that of John Maguire, Esq., whose
opinions are quoted in The Revolution of
the 19th ult., I hope you will spare a little space,
in which, as a Hard Money Reformer, I may de-
fend it.
Mr. Maguire says that Congress has enacted
that four different substances may be used in
making money, to wit: gold, silver, copper and
nickel. May not a fifth substance be'used?
To which it may be replied : certainly, if it can
be coined; for, although printed money was
common in this and other countries at the time
the constitution was enacted, that. instrument
demands for Congress only the power to coin
money. In like manner, although Congress
may use whatever metals it pleases to select,
the constitution witholds from the states the
power to make any substances save gold and
silver a tender in payment for debts.
It may, therefore, be claimed that the consti-
tution in Art. 1, Sec. 8, which declares that
Congress shall have power to coin money,
defines the method by which money shall be
made ; and that in Art. 1, Sec. 10, which de-
crees that no state shall make anything but
gold and silver coin a tender in payment for
debts, defines the substances of which such
money shall be mainly composed. Furthermore,
do not the words, in the same section, which
forbid the states to issue Bills of Credit, also
forbid by implication the legal sanction of such
issues by individuals in the United States.
Claiming, with Mr. Maguire, to be also a
Labor Reformer, I base my hopes on the con-
traction, rather than on the expansion of the
power of the Workingmans competitor. If
bushels of wheat, or even boots by the billion,
could be called into existence by the breath of
Congress, I should have no objection to such ex-
ercise of power ; but.to issue its orders for wheat
and boots is quite another matter, b. w. h.
THIS MONEY MAKKET
was easier at the close, call loans ranging from 6 to 7 per
cent. The weekly bank statement is favorable as an in-
dication of activity in legitimate business.
The following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks compared with the preceding week :
Bee. 5.
Loans, 9259.491,905
Specie, 17,644,264
Circulation, 34,254,759
Deposits, 189,848,817
Legal-tenders, 59,492,476
Dec. 12. Differences.
$263,360,144 Inc. $3,868,239
19,140,788 Inc. 1,496,514
34,205,906 Dec. 48,853
189,337,415 Dec. 506,402
54,015,865 Dec. 5,476.611
THE GOLD MARKET
was strong and Arm throughout the greater part of the
week, but dull and heavy at the close," the price decliuing
to 185% to 185%.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
a 3 follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing
Monday, Dec, 7, 135% 136% 135% . 136%
Tuesday, 8, 136% 136% 136% 135%
Wednesday, 9, 135% 136% 133% 135%
Thursday, 10, 136% 136% 135% 135%
Friday, 11. 138% 136% 135% 135%
Saturday, 12, 135% 135% 135% 135%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was quiet and steady at tbe close, prime bankers 60 days
sterling bills being quoted 109% to 109%, and sight 110%
to 110%. Francs on Paris bankers, long 5.16% to
16%, and short 5.13% to 5.13%.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was dull and heavy with a general decline in prices in
most of the leading stocks.
The following are the closing quotations :
Cumberland, 35% to 36 ; W., F. & Co., 25% to 26 :
American, 42 to 43; Adams, 48 to 49; U. States, 45%
to 46 ; Merchants Union, 15% to 16% ; Quicksilver, 21
to 21% ; Canton, 47 to 48 ; Pacific JMail, 113 to 113 %;
W. U. Tel., 86% to 37 ; N. Y. Central, 124% to 124% ;
Erie, 40% to 40% ; do. preferred, 59 to 60 ; .Hudson
River, 125 to 125% ; Beading, 96% to 96% ; Wabash, 55
to 55% ; Mil. & SM P. 62% to 62% ; do. preferred,
81% to 81%; Fort Wayne, 109% to 109%; Ohio &
Miss., 29% to 29% ; Mich. Central, 118 to 120 ; Mich.
South, 85% to 85% ; 111. Central, 144 to 145; Pitts-
burg, 82 to 82% ; Toledo, 101 to 101% ; Bock Island,
106 to 106% ; North West, 74% to 75 ; do. preferred, 76
to 76% ; B. W. Power, 14 to 15 ; B., H. & Erie, 23% to 24 ;
Mariposa, 5 to 7 ; do. preferred, 19% to 20.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were more active at, the close, though prices generally
were lower.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report tbe following
quotations :
United States sixes, Pacific Railroad, 99% to 99% ;
United States sixes, 1881, registered, 109% to 109% ;
United States sixes, coupon, 114% to 114% ; United
States five-twenties, registered, 106% to 106% ; United
States five-twenties, coupon, 1862, 110% to 110%;
'United States five-twenties, coupon, 1864,107 to 107% ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1865, 107% to 108 ;
United States five-twenties, coupon,new, 1865, 110 to
110%; United States five-twenties, coupon, 1867, 110
to 110% ; United States five-twenties coupon, 1868,
110% to 110% ; United States ten-lorties, registered,
103% to 103% ; United States ten-forties, coupon, 105%
to 105%.
THE CUSTOM DUTIES
for tbe week were $1,490,000 in gold against $1,631,000
$1,739,000 and $1,841,000 for the preceding weeks. Tbe
imports of, merchandise for the week were $3,006,500
in gold against $4,889,287, $5,320,493, and $3,657,356 for
the preceding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
were $4,020,901 iu currency against $4,269,207, $3,261,-
984, and $3,775,896 tor the preceding weeks. The ex-
ports of specie were $483,320 against $230,432, $642,105
and $22,100 for the preceding week.
Dr. B. Perry, Dermatologist, No. 49 Bond
street, N. Y., treats with special Prescriptions,
Falling, Loss and Prematurely Gray Hair. Dan-
druff, Itching, Eczema, Ringworm, Scald Heads,
and all diseases of the sqalp which destroy the
hair. The doctor permanently cures (by per-
sonal attention) Moles and Wens without cut-
ting, pain or scars. Also Comedones (black
worms or grubs), Moth Patches, Freckles, Un-
natural Red Noses, Pimpley Faces, and all cu-
taneous eruptions and scaley disquamations
upon the face or-other p£rts of the body.
No charge for consultation.
Send for interrogatory circular.
W
INTER
LOTHING.
G
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS.
Every Novelty of Style and Material.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.'
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Boys and Youths Suits and Overcoats.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods.
SELF-MEASUREMENT at FREEMAN &
BURRS.
NEW RULES for SELF-MEASUREMENT enable
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with tbe certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price List mailed tree on application.
FREEMAN & BURRS Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y.
m B. E COMMUNIST
JL Published monthly, by the Reunion Cpm^unity,
now successfully established in Southwest Missouri
advocates common property, co-operative labor and
unitary homes. Fifty conts per year. Specimen copies
sent free. Address x
ALCANDER LONGLEY,
816 Chestnut street, S Louis, Mo.
MISS CATHERINE TELLER, BROCK -
PORT, N. Y., Translator of German into English*
Essays, books, advertisements translated accurately.
Address as above.


, @1Xt & |t*V0tttti01l* - 383^
JJEABTH AND HOME.
EDITED BY
DONALD G. MITCHELL
AND
HARRIET (BEECHER STOWE.
0 n the 26th of December will be issued the first num-
ber of a new Rural and Family Paper- with the above
titl e.
It will be published weekly on sixteen large handsome
pages, printed from new type op clear, white book paper,
abundantly illustrated by the best artists.
IT WILL BE LARGELY DEVOTED TO
AGRICULTURE.
4
It will not go to the farmer with any airs of superior
knowledge, for its conductors are well aw are that every
man knows many things in his own special calling better
than they ; but it will aim to aid the farmer in his pecu-
liar difficulties, and to help him where he needs help.
To this end, a large number of scientific men and men
of praotical experience will tell in its columns from week
to week what they know about
SOILS, TILLAGE, DRAINAGE, IRRIGATION, SPE-
CIAL CROPS, MANURES, STOCK-BREEDING,
POULTRY-RAISING; THE ARRANGEMENT'
OF FIELDS AND BUILDINGS, ALL
NEW IMPLEMENTS, SEEDS, AND
PLANTS OF VALUE.
It will carefully report to him all public discussions at
home and abroad, of matters pertaining to his calling,
and no pains will be spared to induce the best farmers
aud planters all over the country to state in its pages the
methods by which they reached the best results. What
its writers have to say will smell of the soil and not of
the dictionary, and their objeot will be to protect the
farmer from humbugs, help him out of wrong ways into
right ways, and to make the least work produce the most
profit.
THE FRUIT GROWER
will find in this journal all new fruits of value figured
and described, and improved methods of treatment of
established sorts, subject to the observations and criti-
cisms of professional and accomplished cultivators.
This paper will not be a party in the wars of the po-
mologists : no outside pressure shall cause it to speak
well of an inferior fruit, or badly of % good fruit.
THE FLORIST
will find due space given in this journal to flower cul-
ture, whether in summer or winter. The conservatory
of the rich and the flower pa.ch^of the day-laborer will
. be both subject to consideration and of such suggestions
as experienced flower-growers or iriVeDtive amateurs can
supply. This Department of the journal will he under
the supervision of a practical gardener and accomplished
botanist. 4|
ORNAMENTAL GARDENING,
whether relating to parterres of flowers, or to the lay
out of an estate, will be subject to special attention, and
every number of the journal will have some one or more
illustrations to further and to inform taste in this direc-
tion,
RURAL ARCHITECTURE
will be represented by a design each week, and in the
course of the year we shall hope to give tasteful ex-
amples of every style of Rural Building, from a rustic
arbor to a village church.
PLANS OF COUNTRY HOMES
which are noted for their attractiveness will be given
from time to time, as also of Cemeteries, Parks, Village
Greeus, aud such directions with respect to details
whether of planting or road-makingas shall make them
worthy of study.
TO TEE FAMILY CIRCLE.
It will bring alt that can interest the household : plaiu
rules for healthy living and domestic management, from
the folding of a napkin and the cooking of a good dinner
to the education of children. It will make record of all
that relates to new industries, progress in science, do-
' mestic comfort and fireside art. Here new books and
- favorite authors will have due notice, with choice items
of domestic and foreign news. It will also bring to the
Hearth the entertainment of adventures by sea aud land,
the cheer of good stories and the melody of sweet songs.
In these features it will be strong, original and pure,
Mrs. Stowe,
Grace Greenwood,
Mrs, Mary E. Dodge,
will contribute to every number, and manyjof the best
riters of the country will constantly enrich this depart-
ment.
A NEW STORY
BY
MR.SI. T. TROWBRIDGE,
ENTITLED
IN TEE ICE
written expressly for HEAR TH AND HOME, will begin
with the fifst number, to be immediately folowed by an
original novel from the powerful pen of
MRS. REBECCA HARDINGE DAVIS,
AUTHORESS OF
LIFE IN THE IRON MILLS.
THE BOYS A ND GIRLS
will not be forgotten, but will find their own page always
lighted with such fun in pictures, and such fun iu stories^
as shall make them look sharply every week for the com-
ing of HEARTH AND HOME. There will be riddles, and
puzzles, and games ; and many pleasant women and
cheerful men, who love the little people, will have much
to say for their entertainment. And all the fun will be
so tempered with good teaching, that we shall hope to
make them wiser and better, while we make them mer-
rier.
TO ALL WHO LIVE IN THE COUNTRY
we shall-hope to bring entertainment, sound teaching,
and valuable suggestions.
Finally, we are aware that it is easy, and not unusual,
to indulge in large promises in a prospectus : we rely,
however, upon the actual merit of our paper to make
good ail we have said ; and to that end we shall confi-
dently ask the attention of every reading person to its
ample aud beautiful pages.
BEGIN WITH THE BEGINNING.
NOW IS THE TIME TO SUBSCRIBE.
TERMS FOR 1869.
Single copies $4, invariably iu advance ; 8 Copies $10 ;
5 Copies $15. Any one sending us $45 for a club of 15
Copies (all at one time), will Teceive a copy free.
Drafts or money orders preferred, to prevent chances
of loss by mail. Postage on HEARTH AND HOMEtoall
parts of the country ie only 20 cents a year, or 5 cents a
quarter, payable at the office where the paper is deliv-
ered. A specimen copy of the first number sent free.
No travelling agents.employed. Address all commu-
nications to
PETTENGILL. BATES & CO., Publishers,
37 Park Row, New York.
"g E N E D I O T S
TIME
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
JEWELERS,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Sole Agents for the Remontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the Amerioan Waltham Watches. Very low
prioe. Send for price list.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 BROADWAY.
fJTHREE SEWING MACHINES IN ONE
FOR TEN DOLLARS.
The Bruen Cloth Plate enables Che Wheeler & Wilson
Machine to make three different stitches, and to Em-
broider beautifully. It will make a stich that can be
aveled, or one that cannot be raveled, as maybe re-
quired. It will make a plain stich (hat is ornamental.
It will sew from two ordinary spocln of cotton or silk,
without rewinding or filling bobbins.
BRUEN MANUFAOTI RING CO.,
(560 Bro dway, New York.
flSTLady Agents Wanted.
900 MILES
OF THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
RUNNING WEST FROM OMAHA
ACROSS THE CONTINENT,
ARE NOW FINISHED, AND THE
- WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL. SOpN BE COMPLETED.
The means provided for construction are ample, and
there is no lack of funds for the most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Companys first mortgage
bonds, payable, principal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANYS OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wail street, and by the
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the United
States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Companys Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
QUR YOUNG FOLKS FOR 1869.
The following are some of the principal features of
OUR YOUNG FOLKS FOR 1869 :
THE STORY OF A BAD BOY. By T. B. Aldrich.
One of the Brightest aud most entertaining stories
ever written tor youthful readers.
GARDENING FOR GIRLS. By the Author of Six
Hundred Dollars a Year.
HOW TO DO IT. By Edward Everett Hale. A
series of articles for young folkssuggesting How to
Talk ; How to Bead; How to Write ; How to Travel;
How to Act in Society, and How to Work.
THE WORLD WE LIVE ON. A valuable series of ar.
tides, by Mrs. Prof. Agasstz, telliDg about Coral Is-
lands, Coal Deposits, Earthquakes, etc.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE GREAT NAVI-
GATORS, VOYAGERS, AND DISCOVERERS. By
James Parton.
AMERICAN HISTORY. By J. H. A. Bone. Articles of
great interest and value on The Mound Builders of
the West. The First New England Thanksgiving.
Salem Witchcraft. King Philips War. Pere
Merquette and the Mississippi Explorations.
GLASS-MAKING, COAL-MINING, SHIP-BUILDING,
WATCH-MAKING, and other attractive Branches of
, Industry. By. J. T. Trowbridge.
NATURE AND OUT-DOOR LIFE. By the Author of
The Seven Little Sisters, also by W. F. G. Shanks
and Charles J. Foster.
DECLAMATIONS. By Rev. Elijah Kellogg.
NUMEROUS FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS. By the
best Artists.
REGULAR OR OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS from
Mrs. Stowe, Mrs. Diaz, Miss Mulooe, Mrs. Whit-
ney, Mrs. Austin, Miss Phelps, Sophie May, Mrs.
Wells, Mrs. Thaxter, AuntFanny,Mrs.Weeks,
Miss Prescott, and other popular writers.
J&3?* TERMS: $2 a year in advance; 3 copies, $5 ; 5
copies, $8; 10 copies, $15. Atlantic Monthly and
Oub Young Folks together, $5.
*** A copy of Our Young Folks for 1869 will be
sent gratis to any person who will act as Agent for the
Magazine and procure a Club for it. Specimen Copy,
Premium List, Circulars, etc., sent free on application,
FIELDS, OSGOOD & CO., Publishers, Boston.
(Successors to Ticknor & Fields.)
ANTEDMale and Female Agents for
the Connecticut Mutual Benefit Company.
Apply at Branch Office, No, 486 Broadwy, Cor. Broome
street, N. Y,


384
at ________ "
jgMPIRE SEWING MACHINE,
LOCK STITCH,
RECEIVED THE FIRST PRIZE
AT THE ,
GREAT PAIR OP THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE,
In New York, Oct. 26, 1867,
AND HIGHEST PREMIUM FOR
BEST MANUFACTURING MACHINE
AT
§n*0htiUn,
IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE INSUR-
ANCE.
The homceopathic mutual life
INSURANCE CO.,
No. 231 Broadway, New York,
Insures lives upon Homceopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
.principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of. business or location,
when .the same is particularly hazardous.
PARIS EXPOSITION, JULY, 1867.
EMPIRE SEWING MACHINE CO.,
294 Bowers*, Now York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
OME LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
258 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
ASSETS, TWO BULLION DOLLARS. 10,000 MEMBERS.
ALL POLICIES NON-FORFEITABLE.
CAPITAL, PREMIUMS, AND DIVIDENDS ALL CA8U.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow lrom Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In this we know
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Eomceo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same raids as men.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. But for every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed for his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
BECAUSE S
Its Directors are among the first men for character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets areas large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
company.
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are all personalty interested in its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
AND LIBERALITY.
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
cable sense.
Its assured are not confined to certain degrees of long-
titude, but are free to travel and reside where they
please.
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
ained annually, and DIVIDEO to its members in exact
proportion to their contributions thereto.
Its members are never required to pay more than two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to be paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
lessly.
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rob 'its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailing pretences.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested.
(OFFICERS:
WALTER S. GRIFFITH, President.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
ISAAC FROTHINGHAM, Treasurer.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
All contemplating life insurance will further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
doubted.
Send lor Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President
JAMES CUSHING, Jb., V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STANSRURY, Secretary.
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Asst. Pecy.
STEWART L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
J. W* Mictohell/mId. } Meaical Examiners.]
At office daily from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
GENERAL AGENTS.
Db. John Tubneb, 726 Tremont street, Boston.
Retnell & Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wigbtmak, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 69 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
John W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
States
Irving Van Wabt, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
pjENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
WILLIAM GARDNER, TREASURE CITY
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Revolution.
METROPOLITAN SAVINGS BANK,
New Marble Fire-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 3 Third Avenue,. New York, opposite Cooper Insti-
tute.
SIX PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON ALL SUMS
FROM $5 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit. \
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
October, and moneys deposited cn or before the 20th of
these months draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President,
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
0HE~AP PRINTING,!
33 Beektnan St top floor
DR. A. SMITHS WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pjire air,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, mid all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reading, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon Vahey Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
Wernersville, Berks Co., Pa.
JJLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
J£XIT OF' CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK ;
A TALE OF CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY AND CBU-
* 8ADB.
It treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Womans Rights andFree-
Divorce as candidly as Hepworfch Dixon or Parton.
Treats of the Woman Question in -more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Affords volumes of suggestions.Banner of Light
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued. Bold sometimes brilliant.Pbila. City Item.
Large 8 vo. 76 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York ; A. Wiucb, PMla.; N. E. News Co., Boston.
(See advertisement Oct. 8.1 16 17
ORT MONMOUTH,
. NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with the city, for
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
JQR. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, A. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-,
men (both are admitted on eqnal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 96 Sixth,*NeAv. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
RINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York.
H/TRS.
MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS;
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, and to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
J^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
# No. 15 Beekman St, New York.
ALL KINDS AND SIZES OF PAPER MADE TO ORDER.
BENEDICTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landing
City Map sent by mail, 25 cents.
BENEDICT BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 Broadway, N. Y.
Rich and vracy reading ; scienti-
fic, LITERARY ; ALL FOR THE FAMILY__
THE PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL for December con-
tains Henri Rochefort, Editor of the Paris Lantern; Dr.
F. Williamson; Frau Marie Simon, her work on the
bathe-field; Archbishop Manning ; Rev. Dr. Stookton ;
Phrenology in the School-room; the Human Body;
Earning a Wife; Inhabitants of Brazilj Do as others
do ; Miraculous Healing ; Religion and Nature ; Pro-
gress in Co-operation ; The Mink. The 49th Volume
commences next number.' Terms, $3 a year. Newsmen
have it. Address d. R. WELLS, No, 389 Broadway, New
York. 21-2
The state league, a political
Temperance Journal18th Volume$2 per year
less to Clubs. Forty columns, eight pages. Every
father should provide his boys with this radical sheet.
Clubs desired. Write us.
CARSON & GARDNER,
Syracuse, N. Y.
MRS. J. B. JONES, M.D., PHYSICIAN,
Surgeon and Accoucheur, 186 Newark Avenue,
Jersey City. Office hours, from 6 to 10 a.m. and 7 to 9
p.m.
Special attention to female diseases, 21 ly