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The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

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Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
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|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text
PRINCIPLE', NOT POLICY; -JUSTICE, NOT FA VORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS,
VOL. II.NO. 25; NEW YORK, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1868. WHOLE NO. 51.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, } E(litor8
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
POST-OFFICE MONEY ORDERS
may t>e obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollars or less, as thousands have "been sent to us with-
out any loss
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a very safe means of seeding small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Obs&'ve, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ike postmaster,
and take his receipt for it* Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS/
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIT DOLLARS, W6 will
give one copy of
REBECCA ; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield Cobbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement."
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Iftck-
inson. Price $1.50.
\ .
Country Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd.
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give One copy of
KELLOGG'S NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,
Price $1,25.
For two new subscribers and four dollars, we will
give a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ANNA DICKINSON,
or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silver
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Fall Jewelled, Patent Lever Watch. Price, $30.
For 10 Subscribers, at $2.00, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting-Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett. Price,
$40.
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,
Hunting-Case Lady's Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $75, '
For 100 Subscribers, an elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham \^atch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100.
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS., keepers of the city time
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named ace the lowest New York re-
tail gxices.
PETITION FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE.
[Every person receiving a copy of this petition is
earnestly desired to put it io immediate and thorough
circulation for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Woman's Suffrage Association of America,
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.)
To the Senate and Mouse of Representatives, in
Congress Assembled :
The undersigned citizens of the State of------
earnestly but respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
and women.
NAMES. | NAMES;
WOMANS SUFFRAGE CONVEN
TION IN WASHINGTON. *
Let it be everywhere borne in mind, that the
great national event of the season is to be the
Womans Suffrage Convention at the Capital,
on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 19th and kOfch
of January. It is to be Pentecostal in num-
bers, interest and results.
CONGRESS WIDE AWAKE*
Last week we gave good account of Mr. Ju-
lian of Indiana on behalf of suffrage for wo-
man. This week we can report similar progress
in the Senate also. The following is Senator
Wilsons hill to amend an act entitled an act to
regulate the elective franchise in the District of
Columbia:
Be it enacted, &c., That the word male in
the first section of the act entitled An act to
regulate the elective franchise in the Dis-
trict of Columbia, passed on the 8th day of
January, 1867, be struck out, and that every
word in said act applicable to persons of the
male sex shall apply equally to persons of the
female sex, so that hereafter women, who are in-
habitants of the said District of Columbia and
citizens of the United States, may vote at all
elections _aud be eligible to civil offices in said
District on the same terms and conditions in
all respects as men.
Mr. Julian, too, has made the same demand
for the District of Columbia, as below :
Mr. Julian, on leave, introduced the follow-
ing bill further to extend the right of suffrage
in the District of C olumbia.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Mouse of
Representatives of the United States of America
in Congress assembled, That from and after the
passage of this act the right of suffrage in the
District of Columbia shall be based upon-citizen-
sbip ; and all citizens of the United States, na-
tive and naturalized, resident in said District,
who are twenty-one years of age, of sound mind,
and who have not forfeited this right by crime,
shall enjoy the same equally, irrespective of sex.
Sec. 2, And be it further enacted, That all acts
or parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions
of this act are hereby repealed.
And still another by Mr. Julian, as follows:
Mr. Julian, on leave, introduced the following
bill further to extend the right Of suffrage in the
Territories of the United States :
Be it enacted by the Senate and Mouse of Repre-
sentatives of the United States cf America in Con-
gress assembled,' That from and after the passage
of this act the right of suffrage in all the Terri-
tories of the United States, now or hereafter to
be organized, shall he based upon citizenship ;
and all citizens of the United States, native and
naturalized, resident in said Territories, who
are twenty one years of age, of sound mind,
and who have not forfeited their right by crime,
shall enjoy the same equally, irrespective of sex.
Sec. 2, And he it further enacted, That all acts
or parts of acts, either by Congress or the legis-
lative assemblies of said Territories, inconsis-
tent with the provisions of this act are hereby
declared null and void.
And all these are but a part. Now let the
work of petitioning be pushed with an energy and
confidence that ensures success. The District
of Columbia certainly can be given us this very
year. The New York Herald is no more than an
average of the voice of the intelligent portion
of the press in the following excerpts from its
columns:
Senator Wilson has introduced a bill so to amend the
suffrage laws of the District of Columbia as to give to
women of all colors and races, as well as men, the right
of suffrage. As Congress has exclusive powers of
legislation over the District of Columbia in all cases
whatsoever, here is a fair chance to try the two houses
upon this very interesting question. There are a few out-
spoken members of the Senate in favor of Woman Suf-
frage, and first and foremost among them is Old Ben
Warle, who goes for the whole programme of negroes'
rights and womens rights. Senator Pomeroy, of Kan-
sas, has so far advanced in the cause of Woman Suffrage
that he has proposed to make It a part of tbe supreme
law of the land. But we like the idea of Mr. Wilson of
first trying the experiment in the District of Columbia.
We remember the time when, in full view from the
west front of the Capital, there was a regular slave pen,
.which was also a market where niggers were bought and
sold. The abolitionists first raised a hue and cry against
that pen, and they kept it up to 1850, when among the
compromise measures of Henry Clay passed that year
was a provision abolishing the slave-trade in the District.
Some twelve years later, during the rebellion, the bolder
and broader experiment was tried of abolishing slavery
in toto in said District. These measures over a reserved
bit of territory over which Congress possesses absolute
authority were deemed judicious experiments and wera
demanded for the sake of consistency, in view of the
legislation resolved upon In southern reconstruction.
So now, in view of a constitutional amendment estab-
lishing not only manhood suffrage but womanhood suf-
frage throughout the United States, Mr. Wilson doubt-
less thinks it wise first to try the experiment of Woman
Suffrage in the aforesaid District, to see how it will work.
As the District of Columbia has not only survived but
has flourished and continues to flourish under emanci-
pation and negro suffrage, we cannot imagine why there
should be any hesitation in trying therein the- expert-


386
§Uv0]ttH0.
ment of Woman Suffrage. At all events, let Senator Wil
son push forward Ms bill, so that the country may know,
so that General Grant may know, and so that the \i omen
may know who in the Senate in favor of negroes rights
will dare to oppose womens rights.
THE EIGHTS OF WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONE CRAFT1790.
CHAPTER XIII.
SOME INSTANCES OP THE FOLLY WHICH THE IG-
NORANCE OP WOMEN GENERATES ; WITH CON-
CLUDING REFLECTIONS ON THE MORAL IM-
PROVEMENT THAT A REVOLUTION IN FEMALE
MANNERS MIGHT NATURALLY BE EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE.
SECTION n.
Another instance of that feminine weakness
of character, often produced by a confined edu-
cation, is a romantic twist of the mind, which
. has been very properly termed sentimental.
Women, subjected by ignorance to their sen-
sations, and only taught to look for happiness
in love, refine on sensual feelings, and adopt
metaphysical notions respecting that passion,
which lead them shamefully to neglect the du-
ties of liie, and frequently in the midst of these
sublime refinements, they plunge into actual
vice.
These are the women who are amused by the
reveries of the'stupid novelists, who, knowing
little of human liature, work up stale tales, aud
describe meretricious scenes, all retailed in a
sentimental jargon, which equally tend to cor-
rupt the taste aud draw the heart aside from its
daily duties. I do not mention the understand-
ing, because never having been exercised, its
slumberiug energies rest inactive, like the lurk-
ing particles of fire, which are supposed univer-
sally to pervade matter.
Females, in fact, denied all political privileges,
and not allowed, as married women, excepting
in criminal cases, a civil existence, have their
attention naturally drawn from the interest of
the whole community to that of the minute
parts, though the private duty of any member
of society must be very imperfectly performed,
when not connected with the general good.
The mighty business of female life is to please,
and, restrained from entering into more impor-
tant concerns by political and civil oppression,
sentiments become events, and reflection deep-
ens what it should and would have effaced, if
the understanding had been allowed to take a
wider range.
But, confined to trifling employments, they
naturally imbibe opinions which the only kind
of reading calculated to interest an innocent
frivolous mind inspires. Unable to grasp any
thing great, is it suprising that they find the
reading of history a very dry task, and disquisi-
tions addressed to the understanding, intoler-
ably tedious and almost unintelligible ? Thus
are they necessarily dependent on the novelist
for amusement. Yet, when I exclaim against
novels, I mean* when contrasted with those
works which exercise the understanding and re-
gulate the imagination. For, any kind of read-
ing I think better than leaving a blank still a
blank, because the mind must receive a degree
of enlargement, and obtain a little strength by a
slight exertion of its thinking powers ; besides,
even the productions that are only addressed to
the imagination, raise the reader a little above
the gross gratification of appetites, to which the
mind has hot given a shade of delicacy.
This observation is the result of experience
for I have known several notable women, and
one in particular, who was a very good womau
as good as such a narrow mind would allow
her to be, who took care that her daughters
(three in number) should never see a novel.
As she was a woman of fortune and fashion, they
had various masters to attend them, and a sort
of menial governess to watch their footsteps.
Fiom their masters they learned how tables,
chairs, etc., were called in French and Italian ;
but as the few books thrown in their way were
far above their capacities, or devotional, they
neither acquired ideas nor sentiments, and
passed their time, when not compelled to repeat
words, in dressing, quarrelling with each other,
or conversing with their maids by stealth, till
they were brought into company as marriage-
able.
Their mother, a widow, was busy in the mean-
time in keeping up her connections, as she
termed a numerous acquaintance, lest her girls
should want a proper introduction into the great
world. And these young ladies, with minds
vulgar in every sense of the word, and spoiled
tempers, entered life puffed up with notions of
their own consequence, and looking down with
contempt on those who could not vie with them
in dress and parade.
With respect to love, nature, or their their
nurses, had taken care to teach them the physi-
cal meaning of the word ; and, as they bad few
t^ics of conversation, and fewer refinements
of sentiment, they expressed their gross wishes
not in very delicate phrases, when they spoke
freely, talking of matrimony.
Could these girls have been injured by the
perusal of novels ? I almost forgot a shade in
the character of one of them ; she affected a
simplicity bordering on folly, and with a sim-
per would utter the most immodest remarks and
questions, the full meaning of which she had
learned whilst secluded from the world, and
afraid to speak in her mothers presence,
who governed with n high hand; they were
all educated, as she prided herself, in a most
exemplary manner; and read their chapters and
psalms before breakfast, never touching a silly
novel.
This is only one instance; but I recollect
many other women who, not led by degrees to
proper studies, and no.t permitted to choose for
themselves, have indeed been overgrown chil-
dren ; or have obtained, by mixing iu the world,
a little of what is termed common sense ; that
is, a distinct manner of seeing common occur-
rences, as they stand detached; but what de-
serves the name of intellect, the power of gain-
ing general or abstract ideas, or even interme-
diate ones, was out of the question. Their
minds were quiescent, and when they were not
roused by sensible objects and employments of
that kind they were low-spirited, would cry, or
go to sleep.
When, therefore, I advise my sex not to read
such flimsy works, it is to indue# them to read
something superior, for I coincide in opinion
with a sagacious mau, who, having a daughter
and niece under his care, pursued a very dif-
ferent plan with each.
The niece, who bad considerable ability,
had, before she was left to his guardianship,
been indulged in desultory reading. .Her he en-
deavored to lead, and did lead, to history and
moral essays; but lus daughter whom a fond,
weak mother had indulged, and who consequent-
ly was averse to everything like application, Tie
allowed to read novels; and nsed to justify his
conduct by saying, that if she ever attained a
relish for reading them, he should have some
foundation to work upon ; and that erroneous
opinions were better than none at all.
In fact the female mind has been so totally
neglected, that knowledge was only to be ac-
quired from this muddy source, till from read-
ing novels some women of superior talents
learned to despise them.
The best method, I believe, that can he
adopted to correct' a fondness for novels is to
ridicule them ; not indiscriminately, for then It
would have little effectbut if a judicious per-
son, with some turn for humor, would read sev-
eral to a young girl, and point oat, both by tones,
and apt comparisons, with pathetic incidents
and heroic characters in history, how foolishly
and ridiculously they caricatured human nature,
just opinions might be substituted instead of
romantic sentiments.
In one respect, however, the majority of both
sexes resemble, and equally show a want of taste
and modesty. Ignorant women, forced to be
chaste to preserve their reputation, allow their
imagination to revel in the unnatural and mere-
tricious scenes sketched by the novel writers of
the day, slighting as insipid the sober dignity
and matronly grace of history, whilst men car-
ry the same vitiated taste into life, and fly for
amusement ta the wanton, from the unsophisti-
cated charms of virtue, and the grave respect-
ability of sense.
Besides, the reading of novels makes women,
and patticulary ladies of fashion, very fond of
using strong expressions and superlatives iu
conversation; and though the dissipated, artifi-
cial life which they lead prevents their cherish-
ing any strong legitimate passion, the language
of passion in affected tones slips forever from
their glib tongaes, and every trifle produces
those phosphoric bursts which only mimic in
the dark the flame of passion.
SECTION m.
Ignorance and the mistaken cunning that na-
ture sharpens in weak heads, as a principle of
self-preservation, render women very fond of
dress, and irod.xe althe vanity which such a
fondness may naturally be expected to generate
to the exclusion of emulation and magnan-
imity.
f agree with Rousseau, that the physical part
of the art of pleasing consists in ornament, and
for that very reason I should guard girls agaiust
the contagious fondness for dress so common to
weak women, that they may not rest in the phy-
sical part. Yet, weak are the womeu who ima-
gine that they can long please without the aid
of the mind ; or, in other words, without the
moral art of pleasing. But the moral art, if it
be uot a profanation to use the word art, when
alluding to the grace which is an effect of virtue,
and not the motive of action, is never to be found
with ingorance; the sportiveness of innocence,
so pleasing to refined libertines of both sexes, is
widely different in its essence from this supe-
rior gracefulness.
A strong inclination for external ornaments
ever appears in barbarous states, only the men
not the women adorn themselves ; for where wo-
men are allowed to be so far on a level with
men, society has advanced at least one step in
civilization.
The attention to dress, therefore, which has
been thought a sexual propensity, I think natu-
* I am not now alluding to that superiority of mind
which leads to the creation of ideal beauty, when life,
surveyed with a penetrating eye, appears a tragicomedy
^n which little ean be seen to satisfy the heart without
the help of fancy.


\\t lUvoIttUas*.
ral to mankind. But X ought to express myself
with more precision. When the mind is not
sufficiently opened to take pleasure in reflection
the body will be adorned with sedulous care ;
and ambition will appear in tattooing or paint-
ing it.
So far is the first inclination carried, that
even the hellish yoke of slavery cannot stifle the
savage desire of admiration, which the black
heroes inherit from both their parents, for all
the hardly-earned savings of a slave are com-
monly expended in a little tawdry finery. And
I have seldom known a good male or female ser-
vant that was not particularly fond of dress.
Then clothes were their riches ; and I argue
from analogy, that the fondness for dress, so
extravagant in females, arises from the. same
causewant of cultivation of mind. When men
meet they converse about business, politics, or
literature ; but, says Swift, how naturally do
women apply their hands to each others lappets
and ruffles. And very natural it isfor they
have not any business to interest them, have
not a taste for literature, and they find politics
dry, because they have not acquired a love for
mankind by turning their thoughts to the grand
pursuits that exalt the human race and promote
general happiness.
Besides, various are the paths to power and
fame which, by accident or choice, men pursue,
and though they jostle against each other, for
men of the same profession are seldom friends ;
yet there is a much greater number of their fel-
low-.creatiues with whom they never clash. But
women are very differently situated with respect
to each otherfor they are all rivals.
Before marriage it is their business to please
men; and after, with a few exceptions, they
follow the same scent, with all the persevering
pertinacity of instinct. Even virtuous women
never forget their sex in company, for they are
forever trying to make themselves agreeable.
A female beauty and a male wit appear to be
equally anxious to draw the attention of the
company to themselves ; and the animosity of
contemporary wits is proverbial.
Is it, then, surprising that when the sole am-
bition of woman centres in beauty, and interest
gives vanity additional force, perpetual rival*
ships should ensue ? They are all running the
same race, and would rise above the virtue of
mortals if they did not view each other with a
suspicious and even envious eye.
An immoderate fondness for dress, for plea-
sure and for sway, are the passions of savage3;
the passions that occupy those uncivilized be-
ings who have not yet extended the dominion
of the mind, or even learned to think with the
energy necessary to concatenate that abstract
train of thought which produces principles.
And that women, from their education and the
present state of civilized life, are in the same
condition, cannot, I think, be controverted.
To laugh at them then, or satirize the follies of
a being who is never to be allowed to act freely
from the light of her own reason, is as absurd
as cruel; for that they who are taught blindly
to obey authority will endeavor cunningly to
elude it, is most natural and certain.
Yet let it be proved that they ought to obey
man implicitly, and I shall immediately agree,
that it is womans duty to cultivate a fondness
for dress, in order to please, and a propensity
to cunning for her own preservation.
The virtues, however, which are supported by
ignorance, must ever be waveringthe house
built on sand could not endure a storm. It is
almosi; unnecessary to draw the inference, If
women are to be made virtuous by authority,
which is a contradiction in terms, let them be
immured in seraglios and watched with a jea-
lous eye. Pear not that the iron will enter into
their soulsfor the souls that can bear such
treatment are made of yielding materials, just
animated enough to give life to the body,
* Matter too soft a lasting mark to bear,
And best distinguish'd by black, brown, or fair. **
The most cruel wounds will of course soon
heal, and they may still people the world and
dress to please manall the purposes which
certain celebrated writers have allowed that they
were created to fill.
section, rv.
Women are supposed to possess more sensi-
bility, and even humanity, than men, and their
strong attachments and instantaneous emotions
of compassion are given as proofs; but the
clinging affection of ignorance has seldom any
tiling noble in it, and may mostly be resolve^
into selfishness, as well as the affection of chil-
dren and brutes. I have known many weak wo-
men whose sensibility was entirely engrossed by
their husbands ; and as for their humanity, it
was very faint indeed, or rather it was only a
transient emotion of compassion. Humanity
does not consist in a squeamish ear, says an
eminent orator. It belongs to the mind as
well as the nerves.
But this kind of exclusive affection, thought
degrade the individual, should not be brought
forward as a proof of the inferiority of the sex,
because it is the natural consequence of con-
fined views,; for even women of superior sense,
having their attention turned to little employ-
ments, and private plans, rarely rise to heroism
unless when spurred on by love ; and love as an
heroic passion, like genius, appears but ouce in
an age. I therefore agree with the moralist
who asserts, that women have seldom so much
generosity as men, and that their narrow
affections, to which justice and humanity are of-
ten sacrificed, render the sex apparently in-
ferior, especially as they are commonly inspired
by men ; but I contend that the heart would ex-
pand as the understanding gained strength, if
women were not depressed from their cradles.
I know that a little sensibility and great
weakness will produce a strong sexual attach-
ment, and that reason must cement friendship ;
consequently I allow, that more friendship is to
be found in the male than the female world, and
that men have a higher sense of justice. The
exclusive affections of women seem indeed to
resemble Catos most unjust love for,bis country.
He wished to crush Carthage, not to save Borne
but to promote its vain glory ; and in general,
it is to similar principles that humanity is sa-
crificed, for genuine duties support each other.
Besides, how can women be just or generous,
when they are the slaves of injustice ?
(To be Continued.)
THE CHINESE WOMANS TELEGBAFR.
During the recent visit here of the Chinese Ambassa-
dors, one of them stated in reply to the inquries of a
physician, that it was not customary in China, except
among the lower classes of the people, for the doctor to
see or touch female patients. In order to ascertain the
pulse of the sick woman, a string is tied around her
wrist and is extended outside the window to the doctor,
who holds the string between thumb and finger and by
this form of telegraph is enabled to count the pulsations.
This seems a ludicrous plan; but it is far less mis-
chievous than our custom of admitting men doctors to
the private apartments of females. The opportunities
for the medical education, of women in this country are
SF
387
greatly increasing ; and we hope the day is not fa? dis-
tant when the women will be able to rout the men from
the sick room, and compel them to stand out in the cold >
under the window sill. In China, only women nurse5
attend in child-birthScientific American.
ENGLISH CORRESPONDENCE
Manchester, England, 28th Nov., 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
I send you herewith the first Annual Report
of the Manchester National Society for Womans
Suffrage. It was adopted at a crowded meeting
in the Town Hall on the 30th ult. It was not
without many misgivings that our committee
decided to accept the Mayors courteous per-
mission to nse his parlor, a spacious room in the
Town Hall, for the annual meeting. It had
fallen upon an unfavorable time for presenting
our cause before the general public. The exi-
gencies of the period pressed upon us with
threefold force. The United Kingdom Alliance
for the Suppression of the Liquor Traffic had
just held its annual meeting, a demonstration
five or six thousand strong, in the Free Trade
Hall. Three veterans, on whose aid we might
have countedSir John Bowring, Archdeacon
Sandford, and Professor F. W. Newmanhad
assisted at the Alliance Meeting and returned
to their homes in the south the week before.
There was no hope of again luring them back
from their seclusion to the turbulent almos.
phere of our Moral Metropolis. The muni-
cipal elections, which always take place in No-
vember, were pending, and the candidates for
civic honors were fully occupied with their own
affairs. The still more important Parliamentary
elections were close at hand, and, in view of
their absorbing interest, we could only hope for
a hearing of our cause on sufferance, in a breath-
ing moment of the canvassers. We decided, in
spite of these discouragements, to risk a pub-
lic meeting, for we had. made some important
advances since last year, and we did not feel in -
dined to hide our light under a bushel. The
fact that the Town Hall was offered to us by the
Mayor of Manchester was, in itself, significant,
for he had refused to preside at our large meet-
ing in Ivlay, when the Mayor of Salford, H. D
Pachin, now M.P. for Stafford, took the chair.
When the day for our meeting came, you may
imagine the relief, the satisfaction, the triumph
we felt, to find our advertisement and invitation
cards so fully responded to, and a most respect-
able meeting assembled. The Examiner and
Times has given a summary of the speeches.
I heard Ernest Jones describe the meeting after-
wards %s one of the most important ever held
in Manchester. In his own speech, Mr. Jones
pertinently remarked, that the usual objection
that women are considered differently from men
appeared to him one of the strongest arguments
for their legal equality, not only for their own
sakes, but for the general good.
The newspapers will furnish you with the par-
ticulars of the appeals to the Court of Common
Pleas, in London, against the*decision of the
revising banisters refusing to place the names
of women on the register of qualified electors.
I may confide to you briefly the view of this
matter from the standpoint of the committees.
In the belief that the barristers would reject all
womens names, the appeals were resolved upon
before the work of revision had begun. When,
to our surprise, several of the barristers retained
the names of women on the revised lists, the
question arose : Shall we pursue the appeals
and so obtain a legal decision on the validity of
our claims, or shall postpone the appeals fw


388

the present, and, adopting the Fabian policy o
delay, persist in a species of guerilla warfare,
from year to year, in the registration courts ?
It was argued, on this side of the question,
that most reforms had been won, as a mat-
ter of history, by persistently taking advan-
tage of undefended positions, and so gradually
gaining on the enemy, rather than by going
boldly up to his entrenchments and stoutly con-
testing the right as we proposed to do.
The final decision, as you are aware, was to
adopt this latter course. The committees felt
that they had gone too far to draw back
with honor. The appeals were forwarded,
counsel retained, and the decision was given
against us. The most sanguine could not have
expected any other result. London is, in many
respects, behind the provinces on this question.
The barristers said at the outset, we had not the
ghost of a chance. The judges were scarcely
decent in the hearing of the case. Although
much interest was excited in the proceedings
in the courts, and never was such a collection of
wigs seen in Westminster, and although scores
of ladies and gentlemen had to go away, unable
to obtain an entrance, the cases had not an
equitable hearing. The animus of the court
was against us. It was a foregone conclusion
rather than a judicial sentence.
If our policy was suicidal, it arose from rash-
ness like that at Bull Bun. In our bloodless
battle let us hope for as brilliant a solution of
this question as that which followed your first
defeat. But we are not discouraged. It may
be that our success is postponed. It is not the
less sure. The legal basis on which we pre-
sumed is taken from us ; the everlasting founda-
tions of morality and reason, of right and jus-
tice on which our cause rests, are unassailable.
In the strength of this conviction we have re-
. newed our efforts.
Our first work after the decision at Westmin-
ster was to forward the following note to every
candidate and Member of Parliament in the
United Kingdom. These notes were sent by
post from the committees in Manchester, Edin-
burgh and Dublin about a week before the elec-
tion, signed by the respective secretaries in
those places:
National Society fob Womans Suffage, )
Not. 1U, 1868. )
Sib : The decision in the Court of Common Pleas hav-
ing been adverse to the claims of women to vote in the
election of Members of Parliament, a bill will be intro-
duced into the House of Commons to establish their
right to vote on the same conditions as men. Will you
kindly inform me whether you will, it returned, support
such a bill. I am, sir, your obedient servant,]
--------, Secretary.
The Manchester committee has received above
a hundred replies to this letter already, and
they are still dropping in. They are couched
in various forms of agreement or dissent, given
in every variety of diction, from the simplest
Dear Madam ; I will. Yours truly.
to the most plix, covering four pages of letter-
paper, and kindly apportioning to us our ap-
propriate sphere. We-have received, so far,
fifty-three distinct and cordial pledges of sup-
port in the new Parliament. Several women
whose names hud, by accident, been left on the
Begister, voted at the elections last week, in
Manchester, eight recorded their votes, all but
one, on the Liberal side. Their names, says
an editor, were, it seems, left on the Begister
by oversight, owing to their resembling those
ccmmonly worn by the usurping sex of man,
and they availed themselves of the opportunity
thus given to demonstrate their interest in po-
litics.
Eight women freeholders voted in South-east
Lancashire this week. At Ashford, in East
Kent, the names of thirty-five women were on
the register, but the chairman of the Liberal
and Conservative Committees had issued a joint
circular requesting them not to vote (lest their
doing so should endanger the validity of the
election). Severalof the ladies, notapproving
of this, says the reporter, went to the polls
and recorded their votes. In Finsbury, more
than fifteen ladies registered their votes, whilst
perfect order prevails d. In Dublin, one woman
voted with impunity. In Leicester, two or three
voted. A letter from Scotland states that the
Edinburgh committee has received a great many
answers to the letter to members and candidates
requesting their support of the claims of woman
to the franchise. As one might have expected
from Scotland, which is nearly all Liberal, a
good proportion of these answers are favorable.
But liberal politics do not always imply the ad-
vocacy of Woman Suffrage. The City of Man-
chester returns three M.P.s, and the borough
of Salford, which adjoins it, returns two mem-
bers. Of these we have three supporters of
our cause: Mesrrs. T. Bagley and Jacob Bright,
Liberals, of Manchester, and Mr. W. T. Chau-
ley, Conservative, of Salford. The new Parlia-
ment will chiefly miss J. S. Mill, the moral
leader of the House, H. A. Bruce, the educa-
cationist, and Milner Gibson, the frustrater.
Looking at the result of the elections with re-
gard to politics generally, you will see that the
Liberal party will have a majority of over a
hundred votes in our new Parliament, although
many disappointments.have occurred, especially
in Lancashire, in consequence of the recent ex-
tension of the suffrage to the ignorant classes.
This is an argument for the. advocates of an edu-
cational qualification. But for the working
classes, as well as for women, the franchise is
itself a step towards a wider educationa means
toward that end. In the case of our poor people,
the Liberal party will, no doubt, from year to
year, as enlightenment spreads, have its ranks
recruited from those who, for want of knowledge,
now fall an easy prey to the Tories.
I enclose you the first Beport of the commit-
tee formed to support Mr. Shaw Lefevres bill
to amend the law with respect to the prop-
erty of married women. This report was drawn
up at the end of last session. The committee
will resume its labors with the new Parliament.
The cause has many advocates and adherents
who do not sympathize with the Suffrage move-
ment. The present state of the law is a crying
evil amongst our working people. In the mid-
dle and upper classes, too, there is a vast amount
of unrecorded suffering and monstrous injus-
tice from these relics of patriarchal times on our
statute-book. The committee of inquiry ap-
pointed last session recommended amendment
of these laws.
In literary matters, there -are a few items of
interest connected with woman this week. Mrs..
S. C. Hall has been placed on the pension list
for £100 a year. Miss Glyn resumes her Shak-
sperian Headings. Miss Beckers paper at the
British Association at Norwich has drawn atten
tion to her from various quarters. She goes to
Nottingham next week to fulfil an engage-
ment to lecture on the Study of Science for
Women. Miss Emily Faithfull is to lecture on
the Claims of Women, in London, on the 10th
December.
Bossinis Will has just been published. He
left everything to his beloved wife, Olympe
Descuilliers, during her life, but at her death
the bulk of bis property is to go to his native
town, Pesuro, in Italy, there to found a Conserv-
atoire that will bear his name. Two prizes of
3,000 francs each are, however, to be given an-
nually in Paris, and to Frenchmen only, the one
for a musical composition, the other for the
words to which the music has been written.
The Maestros injunction to the authors of these
words, to observe les lois de la morale, dont
les ecrivains ne tiennent pas toujours assez
compte, reminds one of Tennysons definition
of women and men, perfect music into noble
words. If you will permit a quotation from
tiie Princess, I shall ask you to read that
famous passage, written twenty-one years ago,
in the light of the present claims of woman for
complete development and for the moral and
physical rights which are indispensable to that
development. Keeping in view these claims,
does not the fact demand all we ask for ? Is
not the Nemesis he deprecates palpable in our
present social and political systems, and is not
the prophecy in which he indulges, the result a t
which we aim ?
The woman's cause is mans: they rise or sink]
Together, dwarfed or godlike, bond or tree ;
For she that out of Lethe scales with man
The shining steps of Nature, shares with man
His nights, his days, moves with him to one goal,
Stays all the fair ytfung planet in her hands
If she be small, slight-natured, miserable.
How shall men grow ? We two will serve them both
In aiding her.; strip off, as in us lies,
(Our place is much) the parasitic forms
That seem to keep her up, but drag her down
Will leave-her field to burgeon and to bloom
From all within her, to live and learn and be
All that not barms distinctive womanhood.
For woman is not undeveloped man
But diverse: could we make her as the man,
Sweet love were slain, whose dearest bond is this
Not like to like, but like in difference :
Yet in the long years liker must they grow ;
The mem be more of woman, she of man;
He gain in sweetness and in moral height,
Nor lose the wrestling thews that throw the world;
She mental breadth, nor fail in childward care :
More as tbe double natured poet, each ;
Till at last she set herself to man,
Like perfect music unto noble words ;
And so these twain, upon the skirts of Time,
^ Sit side by side, full-summ'd ljn all their powers
Dispensing harvest, sowing tne To-be ;
Self-reverent each and reverencing each,
Distinct in individualities,
But like each other evn as those who love.
Then reign the worlds great bridals, chaste and calm.
Then springs the crowning race of human.
May these things be! "
B. M.
HOW? WHY?
Editors of the Revolution :
The first copy of a years subscription to
The Revolution lies before me.
I subscribed first to its principles, then to the
paper; shall I answer the questions, How ?
Why?* and trace out briefly the moment from,
what was rather a state of apathy than opposi-
tion, to concurrent sympathy with its theories ?
In the September number of Putnams Month-
ly is an article entitled Womans Work and
Wages, largely statistical, and in one point,
indicating the majoritythe excess of women
over men in many portions of the country, en-
couraging in connection with the idea of the
time coming when a ballot counts as a ballot, a
woman as a woman, a man a manand nothing
more.
This excess was the point on which my men-
tally convincing argument turned.


389
Let me copy a few facts and figures for a text.
By the last census (1860) in Mass., there were
36,970 more females than males, in Connecticut
7,082, and in New York of marriageable ageto
this the two preceding states had no reference
132,837.
Well may the question arise What is to be
done with the women.
Society, answering with as much reflection as
jt has ever given, says, get them married.
But even were that the end and aim of all ex-
istence, it is completely squelched by the excess ;
showing conclusively that the opportunities for
marriage are exceedingly small ; and we are
forced to turn to some other point for disposal,
the more from the fact that a majority of the
same women are de pendent on their own exer-
tions for support.
A score of years ago there were just three
ways in which a single woman might liveor
die: as school teacher, seamstress, or living
out in families.
Happily we have got a little beyond these re-
strictive ideas as regards employments, but we
are far enough yet from a desideratum, whose
corner-stone is simply fairness.
The idea has long since been scouted, that all
men were in any sense bom equal woman
the same ; but it is no reason why we should
scout the ideawoman is eligible to any posi-
tion her qualifications fit her to fill, or that the
same means be allowed for her qualifications as
to her brotherman.
The idea is based on justice, onlyjustice
that demands for equal labor equal remunera-
tion, justice that sees suffering and wrong only
as such without regard to sex, and that opens
to each and all the same means to attain the
same ends.
To that grand culminating, decisive power,
the ballot, we attain only with time, supported
by such array of power as knows no refusal.
It is coming, and when it reaches us and we
see its power, and know its effect, it maybe well
to recall this majority, this excess, and see
how much it has meaningwhen to repeat a
once used phrase, a ballot is a ballot, a woman
a woman, and a man but a man. l. b.
THE ENMll T OF WOMEN.
On all sides, from all quarters and for all
time, the cry has been raised of woman's en-
mity to woman.
And now, since women are commanding at-
tention in a new field, and the probabilities
that the right of frauchise will soon be theirs,
that charge is more frequently made and more
widely applied.
It is predicted by men who are professedly (!)
initiated into all the mysteries of the feminine
mind, that admission to the ballot-box will give
them a wider scope for the exercise of that
much-to-be-regretted characteristic. On this
ground womanhood suffrage is opposed by con-
scientious and order-loving males!
Bless their loving souls! who among us will
ever appreciate the disinterestedness of those
good men who close their eyes at broad noon-
day and declare it dark night? AU for the sake
of being impartial, too.
Now, the faithlessness and hatred of women
toward each other comes of envy and rivalry
combined, and. these two essentially feminine
traits spring from the universal and absolute
dependence of woman upon man. Womans
prosperity and position in life and societyand
M#' §rv0lttti0tt.
what is life without society (!)depending upon
marriage, and an eligible marriage depending
upon the favorable impression (this does not
include old maids and strong-minded women)
made upon all men, because of the uncertainty
as to which one will eventually own her, she
sees in every other woman a possible rival, or,
at least, a laborer in the same field, and conse-
quently a lessening of her own chances.
Were women as independent and secure of
their future as men are, could they make their
choice of occupations, from boot-blacking to
legislation, with an equal certainty of success
and remuneration, no such state of things could
exist. Fewer women would want to many, and
those who did marry would do so from choice
and not from necessity or for convenience.
Men could then look into the bright eyes
which grew brighter at their approach, with the
certainty that if the white lids drooped they
were not trying to conceal the hard glitter of
greedy exultation conjured in the tell-tale
depths by visions of establishments off and
on wheelsdiamonds, silks standing alone,
the imaginary soft folds of a fabulous priced
India or cnmels-hair shawl, and a fathomless
pocket filled with greenbacks.
A most glorious vision for the little beauty
who has not the prescience to see beyond and
beneath those things. If she knew that the
same means of getting them were as accessible
to her as to the man, the only consideratiS
left to her or her parents, would be the love and
fitness each for tbe other ; and she would be
enabled to see the horrible risk of marrying a
man for his possessions, or ior such portion as
'she might win from him, or he see fit to be-
stow.
With this clear and untrammelled vision, she
could see herself a loveless and unloved wife,
sitting in tearless agony over the dying embers,
of the midnight fire, waiting for the man to
whom she had sold herself, and whose only
power over her was through the name of hus-
band.
The inexorable marriage law tells her that
her life must expiate her folly, aud that Gorgon
head society grins the warning that if she
attempts to free herself her fate will be worse
than death.
The establishment has become a prison ; the
diamonds'*thorns ; the stiff and costly silks have
become cords of bondage, and the magnificent
shawl a winding-sheet for dead hopes. In such
cases we see what tenacity of life means ; and
cannot help woudering by what strange perver-
sity of nature the machine is kept moving, long
alter all motive power is gonebecause of the
preceding impetus I suppose, something after
the manner of mill-wheels after the bands are
cast off.
There is no solution to this mystery of
womans suffering and mans degradation save
through the ballot-box. The study of political
economy will thereby become fashionable, and
will,be a very valuable and effective counter-
irritant to all kinds of rivalry which at present
feminine flesh is heir to. The injurious rivalry
of to-day will become laudable emulation in a
good cause. s. f. n.
The town of Marietta, Ga., is to take a vote
of property owners, male aud female, upon the
proposition to have an act passed by the next
Legislature authorizing the levying of an extra
tax, sufficient to raise the sum of $4,000, to
purchase a suitable house and lot for a female
pollege.

WOMAN IN RUSSIA.
The two letters below are from L'lnvolide
Russi, translated for The Revolution by
Mrs. Miller.
Kalisch, Oct 1868.
Sib : Tbe ladies of Kalisch wishing to express
their deep interest in the education of Russian
women, have decided to make known, through .
the press, their determination to adhere to the
project which has already been presented to the
University of St. Petersburg, of establishing
Faculties of History, of Philology, aud of the
Natural Sciences for the benefit of woman.
In sending the accompanying letter to your
estimable paper, allow me to say that it was not
written under the influence of a transient en-
thusiasm, nor from any trifling motive. It is
an expression of the urgent necessity for our
studying European Science, and the modern
means by which European civilization is de-
veloped and advanced,it is the declaration of
mothers of families, anxious for the fate of their
daughters who will have to meet, in fife, a dif-
ferent order of things, and new social needs.
Up to the present day, thoroughlv educated
women have been rare, tbe world over, but par-
ticularly with us. Modern civilization which
has made progress beyond example, in the
sciences, in civil economj', and in the well be
ing of man, has employed the aid of woman in
the domain of family life only. But if woman
has done nothing it is because she has not had
the means of instructing herself. We cite n
case where a woman by happy chance received
educational advantagesJohn Stuart Mill ac-
knowledges with love and gratitude, her co-
operation in his best philosophical works.
In America tbe education'and first teaching
of children is confined exclusively to woman.
With us, also, the University instruction will
furnish to some hundred women the means of
teaching the sciences thoroughly, and educating
children either in iamilies,' or in schools for
young girls ; it will furnish them, also, means
directing cultivation in the widest sense of the
word and to aid their families in industrial and
commercial affairs. We do not say that, de-
veloped by a course of University study, the
mental and moral nature of woman will bring
to science a new element. But it is very cer-
tain that superior eiuoation will make woman
capable of sharing worthily the labor of her
father, her husband, her brothers, her sons.
We have not spoken of a Medical faculty,
simply because we have not wished to diverge
from the project already presented by tbe ladies
of St. Petersburg. But the necessity for female
physicians is manifest and urgent, and in cer-
tain branches of medicine the intuition' and
experience of woman would prove a most val-
uable acquisition. Receive, otc.,
The princess, M&bie Stohebbatof.
Kalisch, Oct, 20, 1868.
The question of the establishment of a Uni-
versity, or at least, of two Faculties ; one of
History and Philology, and tfce other of the
Natural Sciences ior woman, absorbs the atten-
tion of the little circle of Russian ladies in
Kalisch.
The wide-spread opinion that this question
does not merit serious attention, having been
raised simply by a small number of ladies in St.
Petersburg, forces us to resort to publicity in
order to testify our most earnest adherence
to the project.
We shall not undertake to state here the ar-
guments known to all the worldarguments in,


390
Sbt §tV0lttU0ti.
favor of this excellent work, based on the be-
lief that the education of woman tends to the
development of the race, We who sympathize
in these views have but to express the hope that
in other cities still, of our vast country, wo-
men will express publicly their opinion on a
question which so intimately concerns them.
All these declarations will then reunite in a
powerful voice in favor of this question and de-
spite ail its enemies, will prove to the eye of
government, and to our people, how strong
within us is the conviction of the necessity for
a higher education; and with what quick sym-
pathy we are in unison on this point.
Signed : the Princess Stcherbatof,
A. de Stempel,
Princess E. Galitsine,
Countess Efimovset,
Baroness Frank,
and sixteen others.
LEI TER FROM IRELAND.
Dublin, November 28, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
Tee cause you so ably advocate is becoming
a great fact, as can be seen by the, Herald of the
12th inst., where it announces the triumph of
Miss S. B. Anthony in establishing, ipso facto,
the Working Womens Association, which, as
the Herald states, had its existence only a few
weeks ago, by* Miss Anthony, at a small tea
party in The Revolution office, and from a
small society of ten, it has multiplied to 100
members. Notwithstanding the sarcasms of the
Herald, it is growing rapidly, and extending its
fruitful branches to every extremity of the
earths surface. In Manchester, England, eight
ladies recorded their votes at the election.
Two ladies voted at the Dublin election. This
shows the power* of your teachings, and before
twelve months will have elapsed, the rights of
women will be an accomplished and acknowl-
edged fact.
The elections are over in this country, but
what a contrast with your elections! The Amer-
ican elections are carried on without much
noise or tumult or broken heads or murder, and
when over, peace and good will reign supreme.
But in happy England and unfortunate Ireland,
nothing is to be seen but ill feeling, rancor,
tyranny, oppression, bribery, intimidation,
drunkenness, smashed heads and murder. After
the elections, are to be seen, inquests, ill feel-
ings, vindictiveness, and every kind of riot-
ousness and vice; and this is England and her
boasted constitution! p. x. b.
GERMAN WOMEN IN CONGRESS.
Of the Congress of German Women, held in
Heidelberg, the 27th of last October, we find in
the Courner des Mats finis, of 21st Nov., a very
interesting sketch of which we give a part:
The question first in order was the prison punish-
ment best suited to women. It was received with great
surprise, but on consideration every one felt it to be
not only a serious, but an appropriate question ; that as
woman, like mao, must submit to the penalty ot crime,
eo must she have a voice in choosing that penalty. An
excellent discourse was delivered by M. Boeder, Prof,
of the Heidelberg University, in favor of confinement
in cells ; and, strange as it may seem, this Congress of
women accepted his opinion 1
The second question was, the mortality of infants,
which they docided was owing chiefly to the ignorance
of mother* Thoy drew up a paper expressing the
wtah that {hfliJfttp&hmM t.'Apoae pa young flfila the
necessity of passing an examination, establishing their
capacity for the duties ot maternity, before allowing
them to form marriage contracts. '
They considered the question of fashion and extrava-
gance, protested against the quickly changing fashions,
short lived as th e rose. They were severe on the absurd
follies of dress iu this age. To remedy this excess, they
resolved to form a committee, composed of painters, man-
ufacturers, physicians and dress makers, whose duty it
should be to invent new m'odes of dress, which once
adopted would not be subject to the infinite changes of
fashion. One step farther, they determined the re-
establishment of Roman Censors. Fashion is indeed
a powerful enemy. It seems to me, that of all tyrannies,
it will be the last to yield. Be that as it may, the com-
mittee wis formed, aud will soon present the plan of
a costume, simple, elegant and healthful for women.
Simplicity, elegance and hygiene, three magic words 1
But we wait the end.
From luxury to benevolent societies, the distance is
short, since charity is, to tell the truth, but a tribute
whioh wealth pays to poverty. This Congress is opposed
to those benevolent societies, which are often but pre"
texts for self-display, auda meansof using public misery
for the profit of certain religious coteries. Instead oi
these societies, it demands that we shall establish others
for the encouragement of, aud ennobling labor
The last session, was devoted to the consideration Of
wages. Madame Meta Danwel drew a dark aud start-
ling picture of the miserable lot of the working women,
forced by indifferent pay, into the path of perdition.
I do not insistbut, hackeneyed as this accusation
against the economy of society may have become
whether we discuss it, or remain quiet, it exists none the
less, and will one day lead to some great catastrophe,
lilfffchat provoked by slavery in the United States.
E. Seingtjeblet.
WESTERN CORRESPONDENCE.
Sr. Louis, Mo., Dec. 2d, 1868.
Editors of the Revolution:
It may be interesting to the readers of ** The Revolu-
tion to hear of the sentiment of the people west of the
Mississippi river respecting Female Suffrage. The
sharp discussion of the negro question the past six years,
has led people to think earnestly on the question of en-
franchising woman, and they are beginning to admit
females have a few rights men are bound to respect,
among thorn that of voting and being voted for. That
sentiment will rapidly gather strength iu the future.
Hundreds of men to-day advocate Female Suffrage, that
two years ago ridiculed it. Three years since I intro-
duced into the Legislature a proposition for amending
the constitution so as to enfranchise woman, and not
ten men would support it. To-day, if the same propo-
sition was submitted to the individuals composing that
Legislature, one-third would support it from conviction
aud another third for the purpose of submitting it to the
popular vote. Thus the cause is gaining strength among
the intelligent and liberal minded men, and will, in a
few years, prevail in Missouri.
We have, however, among us a class of men who fear
it, and throw every obstacle in their power in the way
of its final success. That class is composed of office,
seeking, caucus-manipulating politicians. Without con-
victions on any subject, they, manage to tie themselves
to each and every party the moment it becomes strong
enough to dispense official patronage and live without
their aid.
That class of men are the mule-drivers, camp-follow-
ers, sutlers and cowards that hang on to every army of
progress, and manage to be on hand to pick up the spoils
lolt behind by the enemy on his defeat, by true and
brave men. This section has a large number of them.
They have an organ in the Missouri Democrat, a journal
boasting of its ability to do all things in order, and indi-
cate the exact time to advocate new measures. That exact
time has always been the moment its editors and pro-
prietors can pul more money into their purses by advo-
cating than opposing the measure. It opposed negro
suffrage until its patrons pricked it into its support.
It denounced, two years ago, those who believed suffrage
should be secured to all citizens grown up to maturity,
regardless of race, color, or sex, as wild agitators,
more desirous of being right in 1900 than at present."
It supported Andrew Johnson and his policy until its
proprietors found the St. Louis Post Office would not
be given it as a reward for its support. It never yet
has had the manhood to lead public opinion on any sub-
ject whatever, elope 9, Grate Brown gave up Its editor*
flhljb twaiise ite gjwttetoni would not permit Um to
write in the language of manhood and tried to force him
into whining out the moanings of tear.
Its conrso on the subject of Female Suffrage is pretty
much what it has been upon all other subjects. A day
or two since it came out with an article, coolly inform-
ing the iriends of that measure, that those who origi-
nate a theory, almost never carry it through to realiza-
tion. It asserted as a reason for such a state oi things,
that it required practical, common sense management
to make Female Suffrage a success. That journal has
always bepn very severe upon Miss Anthony and Mrs.
Stanton for their willingness torecoive the aid of Demo-
crats as well as that of Republicans in the work of wo-
mans emancipation. Practical common sense man-
agement, according to the Democrat, is never to mention
Female Suffrage until it can be done without danger of
defeating its candidates for postmaster and constable.
When that time arrives, the influence of that journal
may be thrown in the direction of Female Suffrage, pro-
vided the women take up a collection large enough to
pay it its price for such support.
The truth is Female Suffrage, like all other reforms,
must agitate its way into position. No one party will
adopt it as a party measure in its infancy and weakness.
It must go out into the by-ways and hedges, and pick up
voters from any and all parties where voters are to be
found. If The Revolution is aDle to convert the
present dead and lossilized democratic organization to
its doctrines, God speed it on its work, for-4t would be
as great a reform as was ever yet workedoutin any age
or country. The time has fully come for an earnest de-
termined agitation of the woman question and the man
who excuses himself, on the plea of one war at a time,
must be regarded as a loe to the movement. Theme-
gro question has been essentially settled and only de-
tails are left for the vjork of the future. The last elec-
tion as much settled the main question as the war of the
Revolution settled the main question of American In-
dependence. The great labor of negro agitation is now
performed, and Female Suffrage is the next great ques-
tion for settlement. ^yiile I have no doubt but the mass
of the Republican party will speedily adopt that idea, I
yet hope to see Miss Anthony and Mrs. Stanton winning
converts from the hardened sinners in the Democratic
organization. The Womans Rights platform is broad
enough for all, and I sincerely hope to see all men, re-
gardless of party prectilec'ious, step ou to it.
This winter is a fittiug time to petition Congress to
undo its monstrous work of inserting the word male in
the National Constitution, aud authorizing one class of
citizens to disfranchise another. Let the frionds of wo-
men everywhere torment Congress, day ond night, until
an amendment granting Female Suffrage is submitted to
the state Legislatures for adoption.
I find The Revolution is winning golden opinions
all over the land. Its articles are sensible, well written,
snd provoke discussion and thought. There has been
more good sense in your editorial articles than ever ap-
peared iu the Nation or any other such very respectable
Miss Nancy journal. I was much pleased with Mrs.
Stantons dofenno of Mies A. F. Dickinson against the
attacks of the Nation. It is true that no man at 25 or of
40 years of age ever yet has been able to sway an au-
dience as she can by appeals to their moral sentiments.
She is an honor to the republic, and so far from refusing
to encourage her to speak, every man and woman in the
nation should hid her God speed in the work she has
undertaken. If she has not had the advantages of cul-
ture some others have, she excels all her co- workers iu
speaking effectually the language of truth and virtue
and in writing a book full of life, feeling and soul. Miss
Dickinson js ono of the noble andp ire women raised up
by the almighty to aid iu the work of elevating humanity
to a purer and nobler existence. God bless her labors,
should and will be the response of every true and vir-
tuous man and woman in the republic.
CharlesF. Moss.
WESTERN C0RRE8P0NDENE
Extract of & letter from Mrs. Roberts, the
eminent woman farmer in Wisconsin, sending a
list of subscribers to The Revolution :
I have been very'much interested in reading of the
progress making in the various Associations for the bene-
fit of the working ch^s of women. May God and good
angels speed the day when woman shall rise to her true
position. The cause is progressing iu Wisconsin, but
we need still more earnest effort here, &g everywhere
else.
An instance oi personal independence which is worthy
of rooord I wish to send you to make uae of as you may
PvP fit, A girl of govAhtfl&n nuopaow hftd a


student in the high school of one of our cities for nearly
two years went into the country during summer vaca-
tion, and finding ^here was a chaace fcr work in the har-
vest-field, tried her hand at raking and binding which
sho followed all through harvest, receiving just the same
wages paid to every man in the field. She said sho
found it hard work, but it was good pay. But, said I
you could not do as much as the men, could you ? She
replied, that she did not allow them to get ahead of her*
^ This was an American girl, one who is not ashamed to
work for a living, esteeming it far more honorable to la-
bor than to live in idleness and have others work for her
support.
Another girl, twelve years old, neither very large nor
strong, tried hop-picking, and then went to piling peat
fuel into cribs and earned one dollar per day and board,
thus proving that those who will, may make themselves
useful and make it pay.
Tours lor progression, P. J. Roberts.
Racine, Wis.
WOMANS DRESS.
Lake Constane, Wright Co., Minnesota, )
Dec. 3d, 1868. j
3b E. 0. Stanton and Susan B. Anthony:
The only valid reason Secretary McCulloch could have
for discharging the female clerks in the Treasury De-
partment is that their hoops and long dresses are in the
way, and that there is too much flirtation going on.
Now all this would be remedied by the ladies adopting
the neuter dress, something like what Dr. Mary E.
Walker, Joliet Sifcllman, and others, wear, for that kind
of dress is not more in the way than mens. Such dress
would not excite men as much as the one generally worn,
which is not only ridiculous, but shamefully indecent
It is, indeed, too much to ask that any person shall have
respect for one who dresses as women generally do, drag-'
ging the dirt along with the slime in the streets. It is a
fools dress, inconvenient, unhealthy, costly, nasty, re-
minding of prostitutes. Hoop6-were, no doubt, invented
to conceal pregnancy, and no virtuous woman ought to
wear them.
It is cowardice to not wear the neuter dress. If, in some
places, a few policemen do not know better than to ar-
rest a woman for wearing a rational dress, they will soon
learn it, No real gentleman will ever insult a lady for
wearing such a dress ; and no vagabond or blackguard
can. In Washington, I accompanied Dr. Mary E. Walker
about half a mile on the streets, and she was not in-
sulted by anybody. One or two boys said only, See
the lady doctor, or something like that, whichwas
more a compliment than an insult. Let the first thing
the womens leagues do, be to adopt the neuter dress
and fix a certain day when all at the same time will
adopt it. This is easier accomplished than voting, only
a little moral courage is needed. All depends on the
women themselves. Do not shirk your duties.
Tours respectfully, if you wear the neuter dress,
Frans H. Widstband.
LETTER FROM GEO. FRANCIS TRAIN.
HOW ENGLAND MAKES IRISH BEAUTIES. 'WHI NOT
MAKE MRS. GRANT A MEMBER OF THE CABI-
NET?A FEW MAXIMS FOR YOUNG GIRLS.
Four C6urts Marshalsea, )
Deo. 6th, 1868. \
Dear Revolution : Nine months in jail
and not yet delivered from the Philistines.
But whats the odds ? Costello and Warren have
been twice that, and Revercly Johnson has had
a]dozen banquets. America, tis to thee, sweet
land of liberty! The Star-spangled Ban-
ner, long may it wave! Three cheers for
Seward.
HOW ENGLAND MAKES AN IRISH BEAUTY,
It was Kohl, a celebrated German traveller, who thus
wrote a few years ago:
I endeavored to discover the original race of the ancient
Irish, and the beauty of the women. But how could I
venture to give an opinion ? Take the loveliest of the
English maidens from the saloons of Belgravia ; carry
hernot for life, but for one short seasoninto an Irish
hovel ; feed her on water and potatoes ; clothe her iu
rags ; expose her blooming cheek and alabaster neck to
the scorching beams of the sun, and (he drenching tor?
rents of rain; let her wade with naked feet through
marshy hogs \ with her delicate hands plds up the dung
fcat um in the end etew it hy the side
8fee |UV0luti0tt.
of her mud resting place ; give her a hog to share this
with her; to all (his add no consolatory remembrance
of the past, no cheering hope of the futurenothing
but miserya misery which blunts *aud stupefies the
minda misery of the past, the present and tho future ;
would the traveller, should this image of woe crawl from
ou tof her muddy hovel, and imploringly extend her shriv-
elled hand, recognize the noble maiden whom, a few
short weeks before, he admitted as the model of English
beauty ? And yet the children, with their dark hair and
black eyes, so gay and playful in their tatterscreated
in the image of Godare, in a few years, by the fault of
man, and the government, so worn out, without advan-
tage to themselves or others, that tbe very beasts of the
field might look down on them with scorn. Ah! what a
frightful amount of wrong-doing, despotism, heartless-
ness, and misrule has the English government to answer
for, in regard to poor Ireland!
Who has travelled so far as I have ? Have I
not been in every land ? And when I move my
eyes are open ; and I can truly say, that no other
slave country can record such Miserable hovels
such poverty of comfortsuch pitiful food
such terrible misery as these Irish slaves. But it
cannot last long. The secret fires are burning
under the Castle. The spirit of the brave is
stirred to Revolution, and Ireland is about to
take a leap in the sunshin* !
WHY SHOULD NOT THE PRESIDENTS WIFE SIT IN
THE CABINET?
These changes must come iu time. We may
as well discuss them before hand. Wo must
commence to educate our daughters to be states-
women. Does not. Victoria sit with her coun"
cil ? Does not Eugenie have a chair with the
ministers? If an Empress and a Queen do
these unwomanly acts, why should not Mrs.
Gen. Grant? Lady Pitt was made a peeress
before Chatham was a peer. So was Lady Pal-
merston. riiewives of English statesmen have
much to do with politics. Mrs. Washington
and Mrs. Madison were powers in the state.
America is full of Catherines, Elizabeths,
Louisas, Isabellas and Maria Teresas. All we
have to do is to break down the Hyde Park rail-
ings of custom, and let the women in to vote.
The London comic papers are all laughing at
Mrs. Mills defeat, as they sneeriugly call the
philosopher. But this Woman question can no
longer be laughed down. The wedge was in-
serted when women began to go to political
meetings. When an iceberg, anchored in the
sea, begins to move southward, the Gulf Stream
soon dissolves the stubborn mass. So will it be
with equal rights. Already the Iceland of pre-
judice is giving way under the warming in"
fluences of The Revolution.
ALL VERY WELL, BUT NOT ENOUGH OF IT.
A Few Maxims fob Young Girls.Never make your
appearance in tbe morning without first having dressed
yourself neatly and completely. Keep your clothing,
especially under-clothing, in perfect order. Never let
pins do duty as buttons, or strings take the place of
proper bands. Train yourself to useful occupation*
Bemcmber it is wicked to waste time; and nothing
gives such an impression of vanity and absolute silli-
ness as a habit of idling and never having anything to
do. If you are in your father's house, take some de-
partment of household labor upon yourself, and a part
of the needlework, and make it your business to attend
lo it. Do not let a call from this Idle girl, or a visit from
that, or an invitation from the other, interfere with the
performance of your duty. Let your pleasures come in
as recreations, not as the business of your life. II you
want to marry, do not court or try to attract tbe atten-
tion of gentlemen. It is better to be a woman than a
wife; and do not degrade your sex by making your
whole existence turn on the pivot of matrimony.
STOP EATING SLATE PENCILS.
This is only six ounces in the pound, Two
feet to the ystrd. Let me add a. word. Culti-
vate. brains more than beauty. Accept no com-
pliments on dross, but improve your intellect,
Bead fh pqpm on tffk
391
male friends questions on national affairs. They
will receive a new sensation to discover you are a
girl of brains. They will give their sugar plums
to somebody else. They will carry their gossip
to another market. Be self-reliant. Dont look
under the bed and into the closet before you re-
tire. Walk much in the open air. Men will tell
the same story to your rival. They are parrots.
Their stock of ammunition is very scant. You
can floor most men by showing that you have a
particle of brain. Throw the stupid novel you
are reading into the fire. Dont chew slate pen-
cils and eat chalk. When you marry, marry a
man, instead of a carriage and horses. When
you have babies, nurse them yourself instead
of introducing scrofula and other diseases into
your race through some corrupt wet-nurse.
Never poison your babe with vaccination, nor
your own system by drugs. Be your own doc-
tor, and learn enough of housekeeping to teaoh
your servants. Consider yourself insulted when
anyone calls you loea/c-minded. When a gentle-
man gives you his seat, thank him for it. Long
dresses, draggling in the mud, will mark your ,
habits and character. "Dont be afraid to talk on
politics and religion. Show womanhood in all
you do. Tell your boys and givls all about
themselves, so that they may not find out at
school what none but the mother should make
known to them. These points, you see, have
gone past tile school girl to the mother of the
scholars. George Francis Train.
FEMALE BIOGRAPHY.
Boadicea was a British heroine, the widow of Prasu-
tagus, and Queen of the Iceni, (t>. the people of Nor-
folk and Suffolk, England). Having been basely treated
by the Homans, she raised tbe Britons in arms against
them, and obtained several victories, but was at length
utterly defeated by Suetonius Paulimus, A.D. 61, and
died of grief or by poison.
Mary Anne le Page du Boscage was a Frenoh poet-
ess of considerable merit, and possessed of great accom-
plishments and benevolence ; was born at Rouen, in
1710, and died m 1802. Her principal works are, an imi
tation of Paradise Lost ; tl>e Columbiad, an op;c poem
especially attractive to Americans; and the Amazon?*
a tragedy in which the rights of worneu are forcibly ex
pressed.
Frances Brooke was a lady of groat abilities, whose
maiden name was Moore, and whose father was a cler-
gyman. The time of her birth is uncertain ; she died in"
1789. Her. first literary production was a periodical
work called The Old Maid, which came out in 1755
audl756. She wrote the tragedies of Virgiuia and tie
Siege of Sempe; the musical t dramas of Rosina and
Marian, the novels of Lady Julia Handeville, Emily
Montague, the Excursion, and the Memoirs of the Mar-
quis de St. Forlaix ; and translated Lady Catesbys let-
ters, and Millots History of England. Mrs. Bittoke was
a firm believer in the ultimate high destiny or woman.
Laura Maria Catherine Bassi (hy Marriage Veratti'j
a learned Italian lady, was born at Bologna-in 1711, ana
her talents were carefully cultivated by education. At
the age of twenty-one, she publicly sustained a philo-
sophical thesis, and received a Doctors degree. The Sen
ate of her native plaoe conferred on her tho professional
chair of Philosophy, and she continued to teach till her
decease, in 1778. She was well versed in Greek, Meti"
physics, .Geometry, Algebra, and Natural Philosophy ;
is said to have writton an epic poem on the Italian wars,
and was an unaffected, amiable and virtuous women.
Bona ob Bonna, a shepherdess of the Valteline, was
first the mistress and subsequently the wife of Peter
Brunoro, an Italian warrior. She gave numerous proofs
of heroic oourage, In the wars oi the Venetians she
greatly distinguished herself, particularly in taking by
assault the castle of Pavona, She assisted her husband
p 'defending tfogropeot, and, after Ma doitib, impelled
p t&a tsu^, m ivi


392
tIf liiDflllltioil.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER FIDLSBUIiY, ] ^ SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 24, 1868.
MANHOOD SUFFRAGE.
We object to the proposed amendment of the
Constitution of the United States seeming
Manhood Suffrage, for several reasons.
1st, Because a government based on the caste
and class principle, on the inequality of its citi-
zens, cannot stand. This experiment has been
often and fully tried. It matters not whether
under a despotism a monarchy, or a republic,
whether based on family, nobility, wealth, edu-
cation, color or sex, it must prove a failure in
the future as it has uniformly in the past.
Ihere is only one safe, sure way to. build a
government, and that is on the equality of all its
citizens, male and female, black and white. The
aristocratic idea in any form is opposed to the
genius of our institutions and the civilization
of the age. Of all kinds of aristocracy, that of
Mex is the most odious and unnatural, invading
as it does our homes, desecrating our family al-
ters, dividing those whom God has joined to- ;
gether, exalting the son above the mother who
bore him, amd subjugating everywhere moral
power to brute force. A government like this
would not he worth all the blood and treasure
this nation so freely poured out in the last Rev-
olution.
2d, We object to a mans government, be-
cause the male element, already too much in
the ascendant, is a destructive force ; stem,
selfish, aggrandizing ; loving war, violence, con-
quest, acquisition ; breeding discord, disorder,
disease and death.
See what a record of blood and cruelty the
pages of history reveal, through what slavery,
slaughter and sacrifice, through what inquisi-
tions and imprisonments, pains and persecu-
tions, black codes and gloomy creeds, the soul
of humanity has struggled for the centuries,'
while mercy has veiled her face, and all hearts
have been dead alike to love and hope. Thus
has the masculine element overpowered the
feminine, crushing out all the diviner ele-
ments of human nature.
Mid violence and disturbance in the natural
world, we see a constant effort to maintain an
equilibrium of forces. Nature, like a loving
mother, is ever trying to keep the land and sea,
mountain and valley, each in their place, to hush
the angry waves and winds, balance the ex-
tremes of heat and cold, of rain and drought,
that harmony and beauty may reign supreme.
There is ever a striking analogy in the world of
matter and mind, and the present disorganiza-
tion of our social state warns us that in the de-
thronement of woman we have let loose the ele-
ments of violence and ruin, that she, only, has
power to curb.
What can we gain as a nation by Manhood
Suffrage, having too much of the man power
in government already? If the civilization of
the age calls for an extension of the suffrage, a
government of the most virtuous, educated men
and women would better represent the whole
humanitarian idea, and more perfectly protect
th o interests of all, than could a representation

of either sex alone. But to ignore the influence
of woman in thie legislation of the country, and
blindly insist upon the recognition of every type
of brutalized, degraded manhood, must prove
suicidal to any government on the footstool,
hence we protest against the extension of suf-
frage to another man, until enough women are
first admitted to the polls to outweigh the dan-
gerous excess of the male element already there.
So longas there is a disfranchised class, and
that class the women of the nation, a mans
government is worse than a white mans
government, because in proportion as you
multiply the tyrants, you make the condition of
the subjects more hopeless and degraded. John
Stuart Mill, in his work on Liberty, shows clear-
ly that the condition of one disfranchised man
in a nation is worse than that of a whole nation
under one man, because iu the latter case, if
the one man is despotic, the nation can easily
throw him off, but what can the one man do
with a nation of tyrants over him.
Just so if woman finds it hard to bear the
oppressive laws of a few Saxon Fathers, of the
best orders of manhood, what may she not be
called to endure when all the lower orders, na-
tives and foreigners, Dutch, Irish, Chinese and
African, legislate for her and her daughters ?
This Manhood Suffrage is an appalling
question, and it would be well for thinking wo-
men, who seem to consider it so magnanimous
to hold their own claims in abeyance until all
men are crowned with citizenship, to remember,
that the lowest classes of men are invariably
the most hostile to the elevation of woman as
they have known her only in ignorance and
degradation and ever regarded her in the light
of a slave.
3d, We object to the proposed amendment
because it is an open, deliberate insult to the
women of the nation. Now, when the attention
of the whole world is turned to this question,
when the women of France, England, Switzer-
land and even Russia are holding their conven-
tions, and demanding enfranchisement, and
their rulers everywhere giving them a respectful
hearing, shall the women of the freest govern-
ment on the earth be set aside in this way
without notice or apology 1 While poets and
philosophers, statesmen and men of science
are all alike pointing to woman as the-new
hope for the redemption of the world, shall
American Seuators, claiming to be liberal, laugh
at and suppress our petitions, and boast in our
conventions of their courage to vote Womans
Suffrage down in the Capitol, and thus degrade
their own mothers, wives and daughters, in their
political status, below unwashed and unlettered
ditch-diggers, boot-blacks, hostlers, butchers,
and barbers.
. Think of Patrick and Sambo and Hans and
Yung Tung who do not know the difference
between a Monarchy and a Republic, who never
read the Declaration of Independence or Web-
sters spelling book, making laws for Lydia Ma-
ria Child, Lucretia Mott, or Fanny Kemble.,
Think of jurors drawn from these ranks to try
young girls for the crime of infanticide.
Would these gentlemen who, on all sides, are
telling us to wait until the negro is safe be
willing to stand aside and trust all their interests
in hands like these ?
The educated women of this nation feel as
much interest in republican institutions, in the
preservation of the country and the good of
mankind as Senators Wilson and Sumner, and
are as sure that the highest good of all alike de-
mands the elevation and enfranchisement of
woman, as the Honorable gentlemen are that
everything is safe in their hands.
4th, We object to the proposed amendment
because the history of American Statesmanship,
for the last century, does not inspire us with
confidence in man's capacity to govern a nation
with equity, mid we came to this conclusion
from what wise men themselves say of our rulers,
and of the condition in which the country is to-
day.
The most casual observer can see the same
causes at work here that have already impover-
ished the masses in the old world. With legisla-
tion practically in the hands of a few Capi-
talists who have the power to buy up all
the votes they need for a given measure, who
regulate the banks, national debt, taxes, rates
of interest, who own the railroads and dispose
of the public lands, holding every position of
profit and honor, the rich will perpetuate their
own power and protect their own interests, while
the many will be reduced to squalid poverty and
utter dependence. All kinds of property are
rapidly accumulating in the hands of the few,
and already we see bloated wealth and gaunt
poverty stalking side by side in New York as
well as London.
We do not regard politics as a succession of
tricks; and government as a skillful piece of
legerdemain, but as a fixed science, controlled
by laws as immutable as those that govern the
planetary world. Hence, while we deplore the
sad facts of life as they present themselves, we
do not blame the rich for their lack of charity
mid benevolence, nor the poor for their idleness
and want of thrift; nor do we make Provi-
dence the scape-goat for the terrible muddle in
our mundane affairs. We simply rest in the
knowledge that those who are managing the
ship of state do not understand their business;
but as the people are fast learning the ropes,
and how to use the chart and compass, they
will man the ship themselves in good time,
and do their own reckoning. Then we shall
have wise laws that will secure equal rights
to all.
5th, We object to manhood suffrage, be-
cause it is opposed to all the recent revelations of
science. Alllate writers on the science of govern-
ment recognize in woman the great humanizing
element of the new era we are now entering, in
which moral power is to govern brute force.
It is only through' the infusion of the mother
soul into our legislation, that life will be held
sacred, the interests of the many guarded,
capital reconciled to labor, the criminal treated
like a moral patient, education made practical
and attractive, and labor profitable and honor-
able to all. The distinguished historian, Henry
Thomas Buckle, says, The turn of thought
of women, their habits of mind, their conver-
sation, insensibly extending over the whole sur-
face of society, and frequently penetrating its
most intimate structure, have, more than all
other things put together, tended to raise us
into an ideal world and lift us from the dust
into which we are too prone to grovel. We ask
that this influence be now directed towards the
humanizing of our legislation.
6th, We object to the proposed amendment,
because it raises a more deadly opposition to
the negro than any he has yet encountered.
It creates an antagonism between him and
woman, the very element most needed to be
propitiated in his behalf. Suffrage for all could
easily he carried in every state ; bu!; when you
propose to lift the negro above the woman, and
make him her Ruler, Legislator, Judge and


fJUvtfltttitfti.
393
i
Juror, if even northern women rebel, what can
you expect at the sonth? The negro ele-
ment at the south, of which we hear so much,
may make voters for the republican party, but
it does not give us what we need in govern-
* ment. The people are concerned about deeper
principles than such as serve the shifting pur-
poses of politicians.
We hear much higk-iounding talk about
saving the country, but what is a oountry to
the women who have no voice in the laws that
govern them ? What is a country to the suffer-
ing masses ; the denizens of garrets, and cellars,
and mud cabins,' on the lonely prairies, so long
as all the fruit of their industry is stolen by
their rulers. e. c. s.
BuUSEWORZ.
Every year adds to the difficulty of hiring
good housekeeping. Perhaps it is not a mar*
ketable commodity. At any rate, in the large
cities it is at a higher premium than gold.
There is a reason for this somewhere. Good
cooks are as few and far between as were right-
eous men in Sodom. Wendell Phillips might
add good cookery to his 1,1st of Lost Arts.
Most families in the cities do not even know
what good cooking is. A loaf of good bread is
almost as much a miracle as were the five thou-
sand we read of produced in the Judean
desert. Cooking should be reckoned a Fine
Art, and taught as are music and painting.
Instead of being entrusted to the worst con-
ditioned, and worst taught in the community,
it should at least be superintended by the most
refined, the best cultivated. Every man and
every woman should consider the human body
as infinitely higher in the scale of existence than
a statue. All should be artists to produce a
form and figure as divine as the statue of Pyg-
malion, making the myth in some sense true.
Food must have much to do with it. The in-
stinct of brutes is better to them than is the
wisdom of man to himT He is badly bom,
badly nursed, and it is bad with him ever. So
with woman. We talk of beautiful women, but
not of beautiful men. Why not? But there
are not many beautiful women, even. Health is
essential to beauty. Women generally have no
health. It is even fashionable to be delicate.
It is said that Bonaparte declared if a soldier is
not depraved, it is the business of war to make
him so. If woman is not frail, drooping,
sickly, what is fashion for but to make her so ?
We dont know health, beauty, or cookery.
The latter has all to do with the two former,
that culture and skill have with the artist in
producing beautiful statues. Ambrosia need
not be labulous. It should be the food of men
as well as gods. If what we eat do not give us
immortal life, it surely should not be mortal
death to us. Hired housekeeping is now an
abomination. Perhaps it must be, to teach us
the better way. It is all wrong from the foun-
dation. There is talk of the eight hour sys-
tem as an amelioration of labor. What will
become of families and house-work, when
women adopt it ?
But the purpose intended when we began
is almost forgotten. It was only to introduce
some sensible suggestions on the general sub-
ject of housework* from the Jamestown (N. Y.)
Journal) as follows:
There are two minor reasons why intelligent women
dislike domestio labor. One is because they are so often
made the victims of not the ill usagebut the whims
of incompetent mistressesladies* who dont know
what good housework is and have all the more conceit
and impracticable ideas on that account. The less a per-
son knows the more he or she assumes. There are more
incompetent mistresses than incompetent servantsif it
were not so, the demand for some one to do the house-
work would not be so great. Another philosophical
reason is, that women bate to be dictated to by women,
especially by a woman who knows less about the work
than one she directs and only has the advantage of the.
servant in that she is settled in life** with a husband
who can afford to hire help for hera point of very little
ment in the servants eyes*
In our opinion the plain fact of the case is, that house-
work is avoided because of He severity. It is the hardest
muscular exertion a woman has to do. We do not mean
that it is the most exhausting nor that it soonest wears a
woman outbut that it has more duties that call for a
great outlay of strength. It Is reduced to a simple ques-
tion of muscle, in our opinion. There is about as much
human nature in a woman .as in a man, and either oneof
them will select the easiest life possible. While a large
class shun the severe labor of housework and prefer
lighter, but less profitable and more confining work;
there is a large class that actually cannot do housework
they have not the necessary physical power and en-
durance. So that work is left to the more robust and
more muscular Celt, German or Swede. Our-American
girls, as a class, are physically incompetent for house-
work. We know this is not a popular theory. It is not so
fine spun and philosophical as the social ostracism *
idea ; but it is plainer and more reasonable.
Aten of loose observation will be apt to scout the idea
of housework being hturd. They generally dobut it is
on the same principle that the Indian found it easy work
to sit on the fence and watch a white man mowing.
When some man has done housework a few weeks, with
all the crude, unimproved and inconvenient appliances
of the business as at present developed, he may .make an
intelligent estimate of the amount of muscle it requires.
WOMEN AS JURORS.
The N. Y. Express doubts whether women
would be more lenient to their sex, detected in
Infanticides or kindred immoralities than men.
It says : The right ot jury duty, which most
men regard as great a trial as do plaintiflfe and
defendants before them, is one of these privi-
leges or rights. Miss Anthony would have
women tried by women, and this has been a
complaint in the case of Hester Vaughan,but
those who think that women are more lenient
than men to the foibles or offences of their sex,
greatly mistake all that is taught in the school
of experience. Would a jury of women show
more favor to the woman accused of slaying
her infant to conceal her departure from virtue,
than they would have shown to her if detected
in the latter transgression ? '
And speaking of Infanticide, the Express
adds, there is but one way to rid the world of
its accumulating horrors. Bemove the con-
ditions and the temptations from which they
grow. So long as women becoming mothers
outside of a conventional pale are to see before
them social proscription, deadly and inexorable
for the rest of their lives, some driven by dis-
pair will kill themselves, and others by terror
will kill their infants. So long, too, as there
are social conditions of such a nature as to.
cause the birth of children, even in wedlock, to
be regarded as an infelicitous event, some oi
those who take this view of family enlargement,
will, depend upon it, in order to keep within
proper limitations, resort to bad practices.
Parker Pillsbury when he said that(wives, with
husbands consenting, were continually guilty of
the crime of infanticide, was not much in the
wrong, speaking of the highly civilize 1 people
among whom he lives. Gen. Butler states,
upon statistical data, that the charity of Massa-
chusetts Mils more than one-half both of the
children and adults taken under its protection.
Massachusetts is bad £&ough, but as to the
crime of infauticide not worse than the states
adjoining her on every hand. Dr. Oaks of
Androscoggin county, Me., testified, scarcely a
year ago, in a medical convention, that accord-
ing to the best estimate he could make, there
were four hundred child murders in that
single county every year. Nor is it a populous
county by any mean3. Nor probably is it any
worse than the country will average. It is an
awful fountain that sends forth such streams; a
terrible tree that bears sucb iruit.
WOMEN AND DRESS.
Undeb this head, the London Saturday
Review has some suggestions that will apply es
well to one side of the Atlantic as the other. It
first considers the commonnotion that Women
dress to please men. As a diagnosis of the
original physiology of womans love of ornc-
ments, or as an evolution oi the first elementary
principle whence sprang that habit of self-adorc-
ment which is now congential in woman, this
apophthegm, though inadequate, no doubt part-
ly expresses the truth. But &6 an explanation
of the causes of the modem extravagance cf
dress-worship in woman, it is not merely inad-
equate, but positively untrue. Whatever may
be the case in a savage community, it is certain
that, as English society is at present constituted,
women do not dress to please men, but to
please, or rather to escape the persecutions of
their own sex. Fear of woman, and not love of
man, is the feeling which m-ikes them submit
to the tyranny of the fashions. Woman is, in
this respect, her own enslaver. If any woman
doubts this, let her ask herself whether, when
she dresses lor a dinner party, it is the attention
bestowed by the host, or that bestowed by the
hostess on her toilette, that gives her the mos t
concern. Is it the criticism of the men, or that
of the women, that she most courts and fears ?
Is it before or after dinner that justice is done (o
her dress ? The truth is that the nine men out
of ten who tell us that women dress to please
men never criticise womens dress at all. If
a woman is very eccentrically or very unbecom-
ingly dressed, most of them have a vague, gen
eral impression of someting wrong; but notone
in a hundred really criticises the dress of his
hostess or of the women between whom he finds
himself at the dinner table. Fear of each other
is, then, the principal sentiment which ties
women down to the slavery of dress-worship.
Women are not naturally, perhaps, more vain
than men, but they have more opportunities and
more temptations for the indulgence of vanity
titan men have. The wealth of the nation has
increased at a more rapid rate than its civilize*
tion. Our riches have outgrown our culturei
and in nothing is this more palpably evident
than in the present position of the women o 1
our wealthy middde-class. The growth of couom
mercial wealth, and the transfer of industrial
processes, such as spinning, from the parlor to
the factory, have enormously multiplied the
number of those untortnnate women who have
got no work to do. Idleness, ignorance,
want of culture, and of thorough mental train^
mg, want of intellectual resource, want of all
real discipline, combining with the natural ten-
dencies mentioned above, produce, among
other results, that senseless worship of the fash-
ions which is sanctioned by the selfish apathy
or cynical indifference of men, and is perpetu-
ally stimulated by the arts of the decorater and
clothesmonger. The evil is really getting great,
both from an artistic economical point


394
fUvaltttiflt*.
SOME POSERS,.
of view. Artistically, the blind adoption by all
women, short and tall, dark and lair, lean and
stout, plain and handsome, of one momentarily
prevalent fashion, and consequent lack of indi-
viduality, and of the study of the becoming in
dress and ornamentation, are much to be de-
plored. And, economically, the extravagance
and useless waste which this kaleidoscopic sys-
tem of dressing occasions, is a gigantic evil, de-
stroying not only taste, but sobriety and de-
corum, and iu many instances even virtue.
THE BALLOT FOR WOMEN.
The Boston Investigator, a paper that believes
in justice and right without reference to other
worlds or states of being, any more than the
ancient Sadducees, hut which seems to espouse
every liberal idea as by instinct, or intuition,
has spoken well on the right of woman to the
ballot, and promises even better. Under the
head of The Ballot for Woman, it said last
week: This political movement is attracting
unusual attention at the present day, and bids
fair to become, before many years, a complete
success. Iu the meantime, however (though not
so much as at first), it must continue to run
the gauntlet, as it were, of ridicule, prejudice,
and other kinds of opposition, until the meas-
ure becomes popular ; and then, when it is
generally acknowledged and adopted,. people
will look back and wonder why it was ever op-
posed, This, in brief, is the history of every
innovation, whether in regard to politics, reli-
gion, science, or art. Democracy, at the start,
had its enemies ; so had liberality in theology ;
so had the teachings of geology, astronomy,
and other sciences ; and so had many inven-
tions in the arts. When Robert Fulton and
John Fitch conceived the idea (within the re-
membrance of some now living) of steamboats
traversing our waters, they were laughed at as
visionary and impracticable men, fit only for a
lunatic asylum. It will be thus with the move-
ment of allowing women the ballot, because the
measure is self-9vidently right and lies_at the
very foundation of our democratic government.
The principle involved is the same as that
which inaugurated and made practical the
American idea of Constitutional liberty, and
brought on the Revolution in its defence.
Sonny Logic,The San Francisco Times,
>
' daring to announce an opinion on the subject
of Suffrage for Woman, expresses it thus :
Had the movement lately set on foot for the ameliora-
tion, of the condition of women been directed rather to
the redressal of womans wrongs than to the aggressive
desertion of her rights, it would have become more popu-
lar than it is. * * * * *
The mention of wrong to be redressed awakens the
sympathy of every true man ; but the mention of light
to be conferred rouses his aggressiveness, his self-inter-
est,. and all the most selfish feelings of his nature.
The movement is already popular M enough,
for that matter ; but if woman have wrongs to
be redressed, it is because man is guilty of
those wrongs ; and if to tell him so, rouses his
wrath, that only shows more clearly that it
should be done, for his own sake. Repentance
and reformation are his duty ; not grudgingly be-
stowing favors on cringing suppliants, whose
God-given rights he has taken away by fraud
and force. The Times would make woman con-
fess that she has no rig is to begin with, and
then beg as favors what she may, or may not, re-
ceive, at the hands of her lord and master, ao-
adding to UIs good will rtftd pUasWt
The Providence (R. I.) Journal owned and
very ably conducted by U. S. Senator Anthony,
one day last week contained a letter relating to
the recent Womans Suffrage Convention in that
state, criticising the views of the Providence
Herald, a democratic sheet, on the right of suf-
frage. Tbo questions which close the commu-
nication, are adapted to the meridian of what-
ever party or person opposes the extention of
suffrage to every intelligent and loyal citizen :
To the Editor of the Journal:
The Herald on Saturday in an editorial on the Wo-
man Suffrage Convenlion held in Providence on Friday,
says: In the morning session, whatever there was in
sense and argument, was uttered by two women and
Fred. Douglass. It also says that, on the whole,
the convention was a success, and adds, The
disagreeable episodes inseparable from every such
convention, faere caused exclusively by the men, while
it owed all its usefulness to the grace and intelligence of
the women. A success unmarred, save by the conduct
of the menthe women bringing grace and intelli-
gence, sense And argument,Fred. Douglass the
only gentleman who shared with these women the utter-
ance of that sense and argument; this is the judg-
ment of the Herald, although the tone of the editorial
is unfavorable to Woman Suffrage. Women and a negro,
representatives of the two classes disfranchised and in-
ferior before the law of America, are those who made the
convention a success. The Herald seems to regard
Col. Higginsons speech a failure. Howard Malooms
address is considered superficial by the same profound
authority. Stephen S. Foster was rude/ and incon-
clusive,V annoyant, according to the Heralds new
dictionary, and illogical.
It now occurs to us to ask whether these thinking
and conscientious women are not as well qualified to
vote as these men who, in the Herald's opinion, distin-
guished themselves by eminent failures and follies ?
Further, we would ask the Herald why the democratic
party opposes the enfranchisement of such men as Fred.
Douglass, who, of all the male speakers of the conven-
tion, in its judgment, alone uttered sense and argu-
ment? Would the Herald confine the privileges of
the ballot-box to the rule and illogical.
L. B. C.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE.
The Providence (R. I.) Journal has an arti-
cle from the pen of Sarah Helen Whitman, the
well known Rhode Island poet, from which the
following are extracts:
The world moves, a very successful convention of
the friends of Womans Suffrage has recently beon held
in Boston, unenlivened dy any of those noisy and bois-
terous demonstrations from the opposition wbicb at-
tended their meetings in former years.
A writer in the Springfield Republican says, that
the only drawback to the success of the Boston con-
vention was that everybody was too friendly. The argo -
ment was too clearly all on one side. Mr. Dana tried his
hand at an argument against the cause last winter, but,
though a good reasoner, he could make nothing of it ;
there is notbiug to be urged against it but the right of
the strongest.
We look back on some of the early gatherings of the
friends of Womans Bights in New York city. When
the Rev, Antoinette Brown was hustled off the platform,
when Marshal Ryndere and his myrmidons were on the
war-path, and the New York rowdies broke up the meet-
ings in admired disorder. In those palmy days of
persecution, the illustrated magazines and newspapers,
from Harpers Monthly to the Yankee Doodle, teemed
with carioatures of oppressed and down-trodden hus-
bands, hectored aiffl domineered over by strong-minded
women in spectacles. But these things are of the past.
The palmy days of persecutionthe days of rude re-
sistance and flippant ridiculeare at an end. The man
of the nineteenth century seems ready to resign him-
self passively to the current of events ; content to say,
with the court of Louis XV., Apres nous le deluge.
The wrongs of women are, today, too patent, their
rights too palpable, to be longer met by outworn plati-
tudes and vapid sentimentalities about tbo "home du-
ties," and tho hofwivappGintQd uphove M pI tbo true
At the last meeting of the Radical Club iu Boston,
Mr. Emerson is reported to hive said, that it was for
woman to decide what her political status should be :
that once he believed the practical advocacy of universal
suffrage would find no support from tender and superior
women, but that now those who most shrunk from a
painful duty, were at the same time most eager to per-
form it, and look forward to its consummation as a mo-
ment to be seriously hailed.
John Neal of Portland writes to the committee of the
Womans Suffrage Convection in Boston : Insist, I
pray you, upon the same code of morals for men as for
women. Insist upon the right of suffrage for women,
and you will have it conceded just in proportion to your
strength ; and with it pay will come for your labor ac-
cording to its worth ; aDd such consideration as you
will find ten thousand times more desirable than all the
hypocritical deference and courtesy, now accorded you.
Everywhere the question of womans enfranchisement
is pressing itself more and more urgently upon all
earnest and conscientious thinkers of either sex. The
writer of an article in Harpers Magazine for December,
entitled English Photographs by an American, eay6 :
more real progress in what is called tbe Womans Rights
movement has been made in England than in America,
although the agitation commenced in the United States.
The women of England take a mere active iuterest in
tbe elections than the women of any other nation.
That their influence is feared is evident from the readi-
ness of politicians to declare in favor of Woman Suf-
frage.
If, however, as the writer intimates, be still finds a
large proportion of the Fnglish women of bis acquaint-
ance indifferent to tbesubjsct, we might reply that these
ladies of England who live at home, at ease,* know
probably as much about the wrongs and sufferings of
the great body of English womenthe English women
of the lower classesas did Marie Antoinette of tbe
wants of the poissarcZes of Paris when she expressed
her astonishment at their clamor for bread while such
nice rolls could be bought for two sous apiece.
Whatever iudifferonco ignorant and inert women may
feel to tbe right of suffrage,however distant may be
the benefits likely to accrue from the exercise of tbe
right, there can be little questiou among all candid
thinkers that it must, eventually, add to tb eir intellec-
tual elevation as well as to their material wolfare and
prosperity.
Startling Revelations.It is not likely the
grocers and butchers are any more depraved
than other trades aud business men in this city.
But the monstrous revelations now making in
the New York World as to the dishonesty prac-
ticed in Weights and Measures, and the diabol-
isms in adulterations and poisonings, should
drive sleep from every eye and appetite from
every stomach, until in some way the evil is
abated. The World is earning the gratitude of
every honest man and woman by these astound-
ing disclosures.
Warrington.Wm. S. Robinson, Esq., the
Boston correspondent of the Springfield Repub-
lican, with the above nomrne de plume, a most
estimable man as well as writer for the press,
was captured the other day. in Boston with his
wife aud daughter, and compelled into the ac-
ceptance of a valuable marble mantel clock, two
gold (and one silver) watches, a thousand dollar
Government Bond, with a whole envelope full of
Greenbacks beside; and all for no crime or
offence that he, or anybody else knows of, but
his haying dared to live to the age of fifty years.,
Served him right. p. p.
Merry Christmas to the Poos.We see that
our esteemed friend Mr. Brace is invoking tho
aid of the whole Pantheon of Santa Clauses in
.behalf of his proteges, the poor children, the
boys and girls Of the city. He earnestly begs
the public not to omit them in their holiday
bounties, to which every generous soul will
respond Amen, Christmas dinner must be
doubly delicious to any family that is conscious
of having helped another, a destitute one to a


similar enjoyment. Mr. Brace his a great and
hungry household on his hands, numbering
thousands, and he must not be forgotten.
EIGHT HOURS A DAT.
The Philadelphia Daily. Hews considered this
question at length one day last week; and many
of its views, though too agrarian probably for
capitalists to relish, were yet so just that we
transfer a part to our own columns :
Why is it that free citizens of a great republic are com-
pelled to toil for a greater number of hours than may be
justly required of them?
The laws do not compel any one to work a longer time
than may be acceptable to him ; but when a man is with-
out means to subsist upon, his wants compel him to
work, and he must ask employment as a favor from some
one who has the property required to carry on some
kind of productive work. In plain language, property is
a tyrant, and ihepeople are its slaves. The name of free-
dom is a mockery where the smallest exercise of inde-
pendence deprives a man of bis bread. Property is not
merely a tyrant, but it is a debauchee and barbarian. It
prostitutes the people, it demoralizes them, and it de-
prives them of every manly virtue, and every desire to
be honest and worthy. It enriches crafty knaves, and
mpoverishes worthy members of society. It makes au
tocrats of political demagogues, of religious hypocrites
and venders 'of quack medicines, while it consigns to
obscurity the most useful men in the community. Prop-
erty is a despot, and it tells men that they must work ten,
twelve, or sixteen hours a day, and the penalty for re-
sistance to its orders'is starvation.
Why is property stronger than the people ? Simply
because it commands the services of the crafty, the cun-
ning, and unscrupulous, who defeat every effort on the
part of the producers of wealth to secure an honest share
of the profit of their labor.
Property is a cold, cruel, heartless tyrant, and its arro-
ganoe, or that of those who control it, should be resisted
by every honest man. But how can the people oppose its
power ? Most of the property of the country is owned
by a twentieth part of the voters of our republic; the
nineteen could easily out-vote the one ; but property has
all the political machinery in its hands, and it has all the
political managers in its pay.
The people have no means of communication by
which they can discuss aud prepare measures calculated
to secure their freedom from the shackles which proper-
ty hasplaced in their hands. The newspapers are near-
ly all owned or supported by property holders, and their
teachings are all designed to keep the minds of the peo-
ple occupied with party and sectional questions, which
will prevent their thinking of the unfavorable condition
in which they are placed. There are hundreds, if not
thousands, of associations composed of workingmen in
this country, but not one intended for deliberate and
mature* consideration of the evils under which they
work; nor is there one newspaper supported by them
which honestly and intelligently discusses and advocates
practical measures of reform calculated to promote
their welfare.
VOICES FROM THE FAR WEST.
The Revolution like a rainbow spans the
Continent. It has more subscribers in Califor-
nia than in almost any other state, but it is well
known all the way between the two oceans.
The St. Paul Dispatch comes clown upon it and
its mission, all the way from the upper waters
of the Mississippi in salutation and baptism
like this :
The Revolution, Miss Anthonys paper in New
York, has actually created an active Woman Suffrage
movement in that metropolis. The idea is certainly
gaining ground apart from false issues which certain
politicians and journals connect with it. The New York
Evening Posi gives it au honest support, and the Inde-
pendent and Anti-Slavery Standard are also favorable to
it. Mrs. E. C. Stanton is chief editor of The Rev-
olution. It is the aim of the ladies to do more than
arouse an interest in female suffrage, and one great re-
sult of their efforts is seen in ameliorative and protec-
tive movements bearing on womans work and wages,
The Working Woman's Association has arisen, with a
SUftt Revolution.
395
are to enable women to protect each other, open new
employments for the sex, secure justice in the matter of
pay and plan way, to make-women industrially indepen-
dent. It has, however, for one of its planks, the Woman
Suffrage movement, and refuses to elimnate it at the so-
liotation of any one.
The Working Womens Protective Union is auother
lorm which the movement for the elevation of woman
has t£ken. Its objects are similar io those we have
statod above as belonging to the Association.
It is the general conviction that womans advance-
ment has fairly begun^.politically and industrially; and
none but tbe mean and narrow-minded will wish to see
her fail. Let her be prndent aud persevering, and that
day of rational liberty and political influence which may
be her due, will not he long in coming,
A WESTERN JUDGE ON HESTER
VAUGHAN.
Southern Hotel, St. Louis, Mo., )
December 1th, 1868. f
Miss Anthony : The heart of the writer has
been deeply moved by the plea for mercy, at
Cooper Institute, on behalf of Hester Vaughan.
Please accept the enclosed small sum of
money, in furtherance of your benovolent pur-
poses towards that unfortunate young woman,
from a Judge who has tried numerous cases of
murder, and who, if Hester Vaughan had been
tried before him, would have required, at
least, as a prerequisite to conviction, that it
should have been proved, beyond doubt, that
the infant alleged to have been killed had
breathed the breath of a living human creature,
or, in other words, that life had once existed in
the subject of the alleged infanticide.
No language can adequately express the e?e-
eration and contempt due to one who could so
dishonor the legal profession as to receive from
a poor, friendless woman, in a strange land,
her last, dollar, and then, in the hour of her dir-
est need, abandon her to conviction, despair
and death.
May the choicest blessings of a kind Provi-
dence attend that good woman, Mrs. Doctor
Smith of Philadelphia, and her noble coadju-
tors of New York. May their example of phil-
anthropy and mercy vivify the pure aud noble
sympathies of our countrywomen everywhere,
whose fault is rather that they are thoughtless
than inhuman.
In the exalted sphere in which Heaven in-
tended woman should move, how priceless a
blessing is she to the worldhow bright a
pearl in the diadem of Christianity! In the
Eght of civilization aud humanity, we behold,
every day, more and more in her character to
commandour admiration, our homage and our
love, and to fill our hearts with gratitude to God
that He has blessed the earth with her benign
presence.
That the Governor of Pennsylvania may
promptly respond to your human appeal, by a
cordial dispensation of Executive clemency, and
thus honor his own name, is the sincere prayer
of Justice.
The town of Rutland, the largest commer-
cial town in Vermont, where the conveyances
of real estate are, to say the least, five times
more in number than in any other in the state,
the business of keeping the records and looking
up titles has been done for years by a woman,
and perhaps there is no more competent clerk
in New England. Miss Brown, since the death
of Gen. Brown, her father, and for years be-
fore, has, we are told, done nearly the entire
business of town clerki m<\ in a most satisfac-
Annuals and Journals tor 1869.It must
be a singular taste that cannot be gratified at
Messrs. Francis and Loutrells, 45 Maiden Lane,
in pocket and all sizes of memorandum-books,
diaries and journals ; note and blank-books of
every description, stationery, pens, pencils,
inks, in all their endless variety, and whatever
pertains to a first-class wholesale and retail es-
tablishment like theirs.
The Working Womens Association. A
large meeting .of the Working Women was held
in room 18, Cooper Institute, the 21st inst.
Several interesting reports were made ; those of
Mrs. S. F. Norton and Garafalia Clifton, on the
rag-pickers, we shall try and find room for next
week.
The next regular meeting will be held in the
same room, No 18, Cooper Institute, Friday
evening, January 8th, 1869, at 9 oclock.
Woman Suffrage in Missouri.The Womans
Suffrage Association of St. Louis is actively
soliciting sigoatures to memorials to Congress
and to the State Legislature, praying for the
privilege of voting.. The memorial to Congress
assigned by over 2,000 and :s to be forwarded
to-day. The Association holds its meetings
weekly, and great interest is manifested in the
proceedings.
Justice to Woman.The Massachusetts
workingmens platform of principles consists
of sixteen planks; the first and seventh are,
equal and uniform suffrage and representa-
tion throughout the republic ; and the right
of women to equal wages with men.
A young woman has been admitted as a stu-
dent to the Law School of Washington Univer-
sity, St. Louis, by unanimous vote of the faculty.
It was a medical college in that same city which
opened its doors to Miss Harriet Hosmer for
the study of anatomy, so essential to success in
her chosen profession, when all others were
closed against her.
A woman has been admitted to practice law at
the bar of Illinois. Another woman is editor of
the Chicago Eigal News, and conducts it with
an ability which is an honor to American jour-
nalism.
Our English Letter.The letter from Man-
chester this week will repay an attentive reading.
Two young women are members of the Agri-
cultural College of Iowa.,
Mbs. A. St. John, of Rochester, says that
during the past ten years she has made more
than 3,500 vests with her Wheeler & Wilsons
machine, besides doing her family sewing, and
that she has made over 1,200 vests with the
needle now in use.
Elizabeth Blackwell was a woman of considerable
talent, who, to provide subsistence'for her husband, who
was in prison for debt, published in two volumes folio,
1737 and 1739, an Herbal, containing five hundred plates,
drawn, engraved, and colored by herself. Her husband
Alexander, was born at Aberdeen, brought up as a physi i
cian, and went to Sweden about 1740, where he was he
headed on a charge of being concerned in Count Tea*
Rina plot, His brother was ft writer of ability, Arooiif
itm this Ml??


396
LITERARY.
Three Voices. By Warren Sumner Barlow. Dedicated
to those who have ears to hear the voices.
Of which there may not be a multitude. He that
hath ears to hear, let him hear was most discriminat-
ingly spoken. All may have ears, but not for the same
purpose. A man, with little reason to be proud of his
hose, used to apologize by saying it was given him not
so much for ornament as for use. So of ears, some have
them to hear with, but Dot all. Mr. Barlows poetry will
have to wrestle with the faith ot the sain*s, and the fasti-
diousness of the soholars. The former will denounce his
sentiments as heathenish, or infidel; the latter will insist
that lines with capitals at one end and rhyme at the
other, are not always poetry ; an opinion in which this
editor, though no scholar, critic, and still less, poet, is
compelled to agree. The Hebrew prophets, themselves,
were sometimes a little rude in their rythm and rhetoric,
but a marshalling of them into platoons like these, is a
questionable imprisonment:
" Think of the vultures plucking out tbeir eyes J
While roaring lions rend the weeping skies!
O, what a combination in the growls
Of all the beasts, with screams ol all the fowls!*"
And he might have added, in lawful rhyme,
A base accompaniment, hooted by the owls t
Tall lions those, to prey od skies ; and most bloody
cruel, too, to devour weeping skies."
After all, the book has real value. But the author would
have done better if he had footed it in prose. Mounted
on the horseback of verse he attracts a class of critics
that would otherwise have let him pass. It has real
ability, and is radical in the extreme, and that is begin-
ning to be regarded as real merit. The writer is an Icono-
clast of the boldest andmost intrepid description, and will
waken thought in some, as well as stir .the wrath, or rouse
the fe irs and apprehensions of others. The three voices
are, the-Voice of Superstition, the Voice of Nature, and
the Voice of a Pebble. The purpose is to correct what
the author considers the false Theology of the times.
The book contains nearly 200 pages, and is most ele-
gantly produced by White & Co. 168 Washington street,
Boston, and 541 Broadway, New York.
The Present Age and Inner Life ; Ancient and
Modern Spirit Mysteries classified and explained ; A
S.quel to Spiritual Intercourse. Revised and enlarged.
By Andrew Jackson Davis. Illustrated with engrav-
ings. Boston : Wm. White & Co., Banner of Light
office, 138 Washington street. New York : 544 Broad-
way.
Here is a volume of 425 pages, got up in the handsome
style of the Messrs. White & Co., and, to Spiritualists,
nr those wishing to investigate the wondrous principles
and phenomena illustrated in the faith and philosophy of
that rapidly-increasing church, it must prove an invalu-
able treasure. The author is well and widely known,
both as author and minister in the Spiritual connection,
but the publishers announce that of all his various and
numerous works, this is without doubt the most complete
in (reaiing of the laws and conditions of Mediumship ;
being thoroughly devoted to a consideration and eluci-
dation ofHhe facts and principles of Spiritualism, an-
cient and modem. An elegant frontispiece likeness of
the author adds to the value of the book.
The National Temperance Society has lately published
the two following booES :
Philtp Eckerts Struggles and Triumphs. 18mo,
216 pages.
An interesting narrative of a noble, manly boy, in an
intemperate home, fighting with the wrong and battling
for the right; should be read by every child in the land.
Price, 60 cen te.
The Broken Rock. 18 mo, 139 pages.
It beautifully illustrates the silent and holy influence
of a meek and lowly spirit upon the heartless rumseller,
until the rocky heart is broken. Price, 50 cents. J. N.
Stearns, publishing agent, 172 William street.
Fallen Pride ; os, The Mountain Girls love. By
Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth.
"Fallen Pride" is published by T. B. Peterson &
Brothers, Philadelphia, in a large duodecimo volume,
bound in cloth, gilt bapk. Price $1.75 in cloth ; or $1,50
m paper cover, a-ad is for sae by all booksellers, and
will he sent by the publishers to any one, post-paid, on
receipt of price.
The Health Reformer for December.
Published monthly at the Health Reform Institute,
Battle p.rcek, Mifih,, under the superyisjop of£n editorial
Sbr iUiJolutiflu.
committee of twelve. Terms : $1 per year, invariably
in advance. Address Health Institute," Battle Creek,
Mich.
The Radical for December.
It doses up the year most royally; adding, we are re-
joiced to see by its announcement for 1869, strength to
strength, until the patient but persevering editors and
proprietors say "they anticipate entire success for its
establishment on the basis they have proposed. The
progress thus far, they say, is encouraging, and a few
more years of determined effort cannot fail of a satis-
factory reward." Heaven send that those years be very
few. Finally, they say, in putting thej whole Maga-
zine into uniform and larger type, it is hoped the gen-
eral appearance will be improved ; and it will also be en-
larged to eighty-eight pages." The Radical enjoys, almost
without rival in the country, the field theologically,
which its name indicates. It deserves the sympathy
and support of every lover of sound progressive philos-
ophy. fits articles are, many of them, from the ablest
and most philanthropic minds in the country. Its
avowed purpose is, not to establish any kingdom of
dogmas, but to liberate men and women from their pre-
judices, their fears and their vain hopes, preparing tbeir
minds for that construction .of philosophy and percep-
tion of spiritual truth, which such liberation can alone
command, and which tteir own free growth is mainly to
accomplish.
One correspondent in the December number ask6,
"Where ie the pen of Samuel Johnson?" He will
learn to his heart's content where it is, when he receives
the number, and will be farther rejoiced to learn that
his favorite writer is to have another article in January ;
and that there will be another by Monoure D. Conway.
Messrs. S. H. Morse* and J. B. Marvin are editors and
proprietors, 25 Broomfield street, Boston. Four dollars
a year, iu advance. Specimen numbers sent to any ad-
address, for thirty-five cents.
Putnams Monthly Magazine of Literature, Science,
Art, and National Interests. G. Putnam and son, 661
Broadway, New York.
Without undervaluing other excellent periodicals of
the kind, like the Atlantic and Harpers Monthlies,
which are an honor to American literature and journal-
ism, we have no hesitation in saying that in mechanical
execution, as well as in reading matter, original and se-
lected, prose and poetry, Putnam's Magazine lor January,
1869, exceeds anything of the kind yet presented. The
Messrs. Putnam, on the great progressive questions of
the day, are in advance of the press generally, as re-
cent selections from their pages in the "The Revolu-
tion most conclusively show; and, with the compli-
ments of (he season, we wish them a patronage as liberal
as their endeavors most eminently deserve.
The New Eclectic Magazine.
The January, 1869, number has been sent to The
Revolution." It will be always welcome. It is a
literary Omnium Gatherum, most presentable every way
in appearance, and, but for some remaining tinges of
the southern peculiarity in its complexion, could not
but command the respect of all who are proud of, or
wish well to the literature of the country. Most of its
selections are certainly very happily chosen, from the
best magazine literature, foreign and domestic. It is
published iu Baltimore, Md., by Messrs. Turnbull &
Murdoch, 54 Lexington street., at four dollars per an-
numsingle numbers, thirty-five cents. The titlfe-page
is embellished, the publishers say, with the colors of
the city, black and orange." in compliment "to the
bright little city for caring for them all with maternal
solicitude." It has also a handsome frontispiece steel
engraving of John Buskin, and a most interesting sketch
of that eminent author, critic and political economist.
It is just the size of the Atlantic and Putnams Monthlies
and, like them, is worthy of, and will doubtless com-
mand, a liberal patronage.
The Nursery. A Monthly Magazine for youngest read -
ers. Boston : John L. Shorey, 13 Washington street.
New York: American News Co., 119 Nassau street.
$1.50 a year.
The best judges and critios we know on the question,
are our own and our neighbors journals; and they
have voted unanimously, ourself in the chair, that this
is the very best thing for youngest readers the
American press affords. The only trouble is, (he older
and oldest readers are apt to keep it too long, forgetting
somehow, that it belongs lower down in the household.
The Atlantic Monthly for January is now too well
kaojyn and too highly prized to be much affeetpd by any
blazonry of advertisement, and still less by any censure*
or unfriendly criticism. The January number contains
the Prospectus for 1869, and a constellation of eminent
names of contributors, that might illumine all the skies
and promise and pledge that it Is to he all that the best
brain and heart oi the age, both men and women, can
make it. Four dollars per annum-two oopies, seven
dollars. Fields, Osgood & Co., Tremont street, Boston,
New York : 63 Bleecker street. |
Close Communion, or Open Communion. An Expe-
rience and an Argument. By Orammond Kennedy.
New York : American News Company, 119 Nassau
street.
We have not had time to look inlo this little book, nor
do we take a deep personal interest in the subjects on
which it treats; inclining, as we do, to say and to agree
with the Apostle Paul in his Confession of Faith, I
Corinthians, i Chap., 13-17. It can be said of the book,
however, that it is well got np, contains 175 pages,
mid, from our slight acquaintance with the author, wc
can guarantee that his arguments will lack nothing in
candor, sound logic, or ability.
Demorests New Years Number.
This magazine improves with every year, is progres-
sive, full of interest, and instructive information. A
new feature for this year is the Ladies Club, which
seems already fo have a long list of members. The fa-
shions and patterns are as sensible and practical as usual.
$3 yearly. Send 15 cents, for a specimen, to 838 Broad-
way, New York.
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbacks for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Prc ducts and Labor Free.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At-
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. New Ywk the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Wall Street emanci
paled, from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American BUls. The Credit Foncier and
Credit Mobilier System. or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People ike Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omahato San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND.
A PENNY OCEAN P0S7AGE, lo Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land. j
THE REVOLUTION.
VOL. II.NO. 25.
THE POWER OF MONEY 70 ACCUMU-
LATE VALUE BY IN2ERES1.
The ever-recurring question of Capital and
Labor is likely to prove a source of bitter con-
tention, until the just and equitable relation be-
tween the two is accepted. All the discussions
of "a true financial policy, of the rights of
labor for man, or woman, and of methods to
promote individual and public honesty, turn and
centre upon the point embraced in the heading
of this article.
All other propositions for dealing with the
Labor question are simply empirical. Until
we know whether a portion of the products of
labor belong to the reputed owner of the capi-
tal employed, and if so, precisely what portion,
we are only stumbling in the dark, while we
talk of capital controlling labor, or labor
absorbing capital, or of capital and labor
receiving their equitable proportions of the
I surplus production. '


397

As a matter of policy and expediency, various
and innumerable plans may be preferable to our
present system of finance; but if we propose a
4 Revolution of our creeping, time-serving pol-
icy, then let us aim at the absolute right, not
fearing but that the administration of affairs
will fall into hands sufficiently timid and tem-
porizing.
Among the powers attributed to money by
Mr. Kellogg (neither of which are stated by
him with sufficient accuracy)* he denotes one as
a power to accumulate value by interest."
Now, If money, or any kind of wealth, has any
such power, it would not need the aid of special
class legislation to effect it.*
And yet, interest or usury cannot exist until
arbitrary or artificial inequalities and disabili-
ties are first established by unjust laws, and the
exercise of class prerogatives.
To confer such a power on money will, in-
deed, require a new medium of exchange. Coin,
as Aristotle observes, has no such reproductive
power, per se. A hundred dollars, by no alche-
my, will beget six or seven, annually, only
when the owner is placed in some relation to
labor, like that of slave-owner, landlord, usur-
er or forestalled by iniquitious institutions.
The only way to realize the absurd proposition)
is to make an entire currency of compound inter-
est notes. We should then have a money that
would answer Mr. Kelloggs requirement. And
all interest, at even two per cent, per annum,
would be found to absorb the whole property
of the nation in about thirty-five years. How,
even with such a currency, we should be able
to prevent its being amassed in the hands of the
few ; so as to be let out at higher rates to the
people for business purposes, is not explained ;
nor how landlords and forestallers would be
prevented from realizing fifteen or twenty per
cent, for its use, as now for greenbacks.f
If the amount of currency had anything to
do with business facilities, surely for the
last half dozen years we should have had no
stringency in' the money market, nor lack of
money for business purposes. But what is the
fact ? The very law establishing National
Banks, provides that they may take two inter-
ests, one from the government on its bonds
and another from the people.
At Backs rates, and the method of computing
interest, the interest alone will absorb the en-
tire currency of the country in less than ten
years, and learn nothing of the business.
And yet the amount paid on Government
Bonds and to the Banks is not a moiety, is
scarcely a tithe of what is absorbed by land
and house rents, interest on bond and mortgage,
and on capital in business, outside of banks,
stocks, dividends, etc., etc.
It becomes us to inquire how all this interest
is paid! We have seen that money has no
power to multiply itselfi If we should undei-
take to pay interest or rent on land, in land,
we must soon reach bankruptcy ; for the land
does not increase. Only in (he products of labor,
can any increase be paid, and on the laborer
alone falls the whole burden of this enormous
wrong ; a wrong rendered possible, only by the
necessity which itself creates ; through mon-
opoly of the soil, and of the natural elements ;
through unjust laws, and subtle devices of the
money power in moulding the financial and
commercial policy of the nations.
The plan proposed, by the new policy, as far
as appears, is to create Government bonds, for
which, or rather into which, the paper currency
may be convertible at will. At the present
time, when our government might create some
three billions of bonds on actual indebtedness
this seems a plausible scheme; since to our
popular financiering, a vacuum of wealth, or
debt, is held to-be the true basis for a substan-
tial and permanent fiscal structure, t
While this debt should continue increasing as
during the war, no doubt money would be plen-
ty, speculation prosperous, people extravagant,
official corruption rampant and unchecked ;
while usury would be employed in devouring its
victims with the greater celerity, in consequence
of their partaking of the popular frenzy so as to
be oblivious to the real nature of the doom they
encountered.
But what, when the nation shall have to re-
trace all this mad, wanton march to the depths
of indebtedness ; when some future Jackson
shall call for the redemption of his country
from the grasp of Shylock combinations ? Shall
or can the nation go on forever multiplying
bonds of indebtedness, in order to make money
plenty for business, when nothing can fill the
all-devouring mouth of avarice, which cries ?
give, give," and absorbs with the greater
facility the more is given? The truth, we must
reach, sooner or later, is, that, no matter how
great or small the nominal amount of currency
there may be, or of what it may be composed,
the interest bearing, in every case, a propor-
tional ratio, will absorb it in the same length of
time; and further and complete the very ac-
cumulation in the hands of one class and con-
sequent deprivation of another it was proposed
to remedy.
There is no road out of our social mire, but
one of honest uprightness. To abolish slavery
five days in the week is better than no proposi-
tion to abolish it at all , but as a practical
proposition, it would not be less difficult than
to abolish it altogether. Interest, if just, should
not be meddled with; if wrong, it should be
deprived of all legal sanction, and held up
practically to the execration of the moral world.
I agree with the moralists of all ancient and
Christian, times ; that we can take interest of
no man, whose life we may not take without
wrong. Hence money cannot have power
to accumulate interest, and no man can exact it
without crime. Any proposition to reduce the
rate of interest is simply ridiculous. |j
Our statutes against illegal interest are not
wortlr'the paper on which they are printed.
They are evaded daily and openly, and never
catch any but a green one in tbeir meshes. The
penal statutes of the past, fearful and often
bloody never bad any effect to reduce, but
rather increased the evil.
It is not scarcity of money, but of wealth,
which the few have accumulated by this same
process, that makes men willing to pay interest.
This, with the illusory hope of unusual gain,
which can be realized not oftener than prizes
are drawn by the devotee of chance, reconciles
and stimulates men to a career of indebtedness,
which, with the extravagance engendered by the
use of that themselves have not earned, in more
than nine cases out of ten, leads to financial if
not moral ruin.
What is true of individuals is equally fane of
nations ; and although a paper currency, which
should be really a work-tally, or measure of
labor cost, might with benefit be adopted; it
could only remain such, while secured against
prostitution to usurious purposes.
The futility of any plan to reduce the rate of
interest, which we acknowledge the right to ac-
cumulate in that way, is seen, when we reflect
that interest now determines the price of all in-
vested values, required to be exchanged. For
instance, Government Bonds bring 100 per
cent, or more, according as the interest they
yield, sells for more or less than the cun'ent
rate. Intricsic value, or the use they may have,
in a public or social view, has nothing to do
with the value of stocks. The stocks that pay
current rates 'are at par, while those that pay
less are below. A house may have cost to build,
a thousand dollars, if it fail to rent for the in-
terest, the price depreciates. If it will pay five
hundred dollars a year for a liquor saloon,
gambling hell, or dance house, its price will ap-
preciate four or five fold.
The result then of having money so plenty, if
possible, as to reduce interest to two per cent,
would be to put up the price of all investments
three or four hundred per cent.; because the
amount of rent and other considerations tor the
use of land, houses, and the elements necessary
to be employed in human industry, are not de-
termined by any rate per cent., but by mans
necessity for them, caused by the very accumu-
lations in a few hands of the land and wealth of
the world, by the operation of this very system
of increase, which was begotten of land-monop-
oly, slavery and gambling. A power in money,
or m any system which enables accumulation of
value to anything but labor, is a class power to
confer on certain persons or classes the ability
to live in society, and compel the services of
mankind, without labor. Whether the Labor
Congress proposes to adopt and cherish this
vampire of the pa*t, under the mistaken idea
that if they extract all but two of bis teeth he
will prove not only harmless, but servicable,
we shall see.§ I. K. Ingaixs.
* The aCope of Mr. Kellogg** argument seems to have
escaped our correspondents He says distinctly that
money has none hut legal powers. We quote from the
New Monetary System," pp. 171,172, the following:
As we have said, the per centage interest that borrow-
ers agree to pay for the use of money, simply determines
what per centage rent they shall pay for the actual use
of a certain amount of property for a given period. Bor-
rowers use the property, not the money and from the
property they must produce or gain the means to pay
the interest. If F. be a former, and borrow from A
$1,000 at seven percent., F. must raise one hundred and
forty bushels of com, and sell it at fifty cents a bushel
to pay the yearly interest of seventy dollars. It is then
the productiveness of F/s form coupled with F/s labor
that produces the money to pay the interest. The thous
and dollars lent by A. to F. do not produce anything ;
tut the money, by a legal, arbitrary power, takes one
hundred and forty bushels of corn from F. and appro-
priates them to A.'s use. If A.s thousand dollars pos-
sessed vital instead of legal power, and could hire land,
buy the seed, plant, cultivate, gather, shell and sell the
corn, it would then actually produce for A. what the
money now legally compels F. to producefor him. But
as no human law can make the dollar a naturally produc
tive thing, it is impossible to gain wealth by finance, un.
less the labor of others produces what is gained by the
financiers.
Money, then, earns for its owner by accumulative
power ; by a power to gather things already produced,
and not by anatural power of growth, like that contained
in the germ of wheat or grain. Where this power to
accumulate by interest is made greater and more rapid
than the natural power of production by labor, this law
of interest becomes a most powerful engine of evil. It
gathers into the hands of a few capitalists the productions
of labor, and otten deprives the producers of the neces-
saries of life."
t In the plan we are about t o propose for the formation
of a National Currency by the General government, all
the money circulated in the United States will be issued
by a national institution, and will be a representative of
actual property, therefore it can never fail to be a good
and safe tender in payment of debts, it will be loaned
to individuals in every State, county and town, at a
uniform rate of interest, and hence will be of invariable
value throughout the Union. All persons who offer good
and permeneut security will be at all times supplied with


398
Sit* gUvtflutiflts.
^^po money, and for any term of years during which they will
regularly pay the interest. Therefore, no town, county,
or State need be dependent upon any other for money,
because each has real property enough to secure many
times the amount which it will require. If more than
the necessary amount of money be issued, the surplus
will be immediately funded, and go out of use without
injury. It will be impossible for foreign nations, or any
number of banks, or capitalists, to derange the mone-
tary system, either by changing the rato of interest, or
,by inducing a scarcity or a surplus of money. It will
be the duty of the government to ascertain as nearly as
possible what rate of interest will secure to labor and
capital their respective rights, and to fix the interest at
that rate.New Monetary System, p. 274.
t New States legalize high rates of interest to induce
capital, that is money, to come into them for invest-
ment. But the money is not capital, for if the real cap*
ital did not first exist iu these States in sufficient
amount to secure the money it would never go into them.
There could be no use for money in any part of tho
world nnless the capital first existed; for there would
be nothing to. buy, and the money itself could afford no
means of support, and would therefor be entirely use-
less.2V. M. S,, p, 125.
II From what has been said of unjust and fluctuating
rates of interest, it must not be inferred that money
loaned should bear no interest; for the accumulative
power of money is as essential to its existence as food to
the support of life. Without this power money would
hot represent production, and, consequently, could not
be made an equivalent iu payment either for labor or
productive property, and therefore could not be main-
tained as a medium oi exchange. We are, then, seeking
no extreme measures bat that just rate of interest which
shall secure to the whole people the greatest good. We
do not advocate the annihilation of interest, but we urge
that the amount should not be so great as to oppress the
laborer whose toil produces every necessary of life, and
even the material for the medium of exchange.iV. M.
S p. 125.
§ When the government shall institute pap^r money
secured by lauded estates, and then found Us value upon
a j ist rate percent, interest instead, of upon its material,
and shall make it a tender in payment of debts, it will
rightly govern the value and distribution of property,
for it will be sure to distribute the wealth according to
the earnings of labor ; whereas it is now sure to holp a
few to monopolize the wealth that the many produce by
tbeir labor. If the money be thus instituted, and a rate
per oent.interest be established sufficient only to pay
the expense of furnishing it, the money will form a just
foundation upon which to build contracts.
We are aware that the financiers of this and other na-
tions will tell the public, and endeavor to persuade the
governments that this is impos-iblethat since it never
has been dooe, it never can be done. They'will be just
as positive in relation to this all-important matter as
kings and despots are that they have a divine right to
reign, and that democratic or republican government is
a tresspass against Divine authority, and never will be
permitted to stand except for a brief period of time.
To fix and maintain a right rate per cent, interest for
the use of mouey is striking at the very root of despotic
power ; and the producing public must expect to have
it called impracticable, and to have a strong opposition
to its adoption. Yet we do know that it is as practical
for the government to supply the necessary quanti'y cf
money that shall be permanently safe, and regulate the
rate per cent, interest as to fix and regulate the length of
the yard. The government can do this so effectually
that any person can as readily tell what tbe rate of inter-
est will be in every part of this nation for five or ten
years to come as to tell what will be tbe length ot the
yard. Money is as much a standard of value as the
>ard is of length, and it should and can be so instituted
and governed, that anyone may as readily tell the value
of money as the length of the yard.N. M. S.,p. 365-5.
THE MONEY MARKET
was easier at the close at 7 per cent, currency, though 7
per cent, in gold was paid till 2 p.m. on Saturday. The
weekly bank statement shows Ihe continuance of the
drain oi currency to the Sonth.
Tie following table shows the changes in the New
Yore city banks this week compared with the preceding
week:
Dec. 12. Dec. 19. Differences.
Loans, $263,360,144 $262,431,189 Dec. $954,964
Specie, 19,140,788 18,643,584 Dee. 497,194
Circulation, 34,205,906 34,253,758 Inc. 147,852
Deposits, 189,387,415 183,077,228 Dec. 6,260,187
Legal-tenders, 54,015,865 50,796,133 Dec. 3,219,732
THE GOLD MARKET
was active and excited at the dose owing to the warlike
news from Europe. The price fluctuated from 135 to
136 on Saturday, opening at 135%, declining to 135, and
afterwards advancing to 136.
The fluctuations in the gold market for the week were
as follows ;
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Monday, Dec. 14,135% 185% 135% 135%
Tuesday, 15, 135% 135% 136% 135%
Wednesday, 16 , 135% 135% 135% 135%
Thursday, 17, 134% 334% 135% 134%
Friday, 18, 134% 135% 134% 135%
Saturday, 19, 135% 135% 135 135%
THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET
was dull at the close of last week, prime bankers 60 days
sterling bills ranging from 109% to 109 %, and sight 109%
to 110%.
THE RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was strong and advanced last Saturday, chiefly in Now
York Central, Bock Island, Pacific Mail and North West
preferred.
The following are the closing quotations :
Cumberland, 36 to 38 ; W., F. & Co., 25 to 25% ;
American, 44 to 46; Adams, 48% to 49 ; U. States, 45%
to 46% ; Merchants Union, 15% to 16 ; Quicksilver, 21
to 22; Canton, 47 to 49 ; Pacific Mail, 115 to 115%;
W. U. Tel., 36 to 36%; N. Y. Central, 133% to 134;
Erie, 37% to 38; do. preferred, 60 to 64 ; Hudson
River, 126% to 127; Reading, 97 to 97% ; Wabash, 53
to 66% ; Mil. & St., P. 66% to 66%; do. preferred,
85 to 85% ; Fort Wayne, 110% to 110% ; Ohio &
Miss., 29% to 29% ; Mich. Central, 125% to 127 ; Mich.
South, 86% to 87% ; 111. Central, 143 to 144 ; Pitts-
burg, 84 to 84% ; Toledo, 101% to 101% ; Rock Island,
109% to 109% ; North West, 77% to 77% ; do. preferred,
80% to 80% B. W. Power, 13% to 14 ; B., H. & Erie, 24%
to 26 ; Mariposa, 4 to 6; do. preferred, 18% to 18%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
are quiet, and the market closed steady. .
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report tho following
quotations: '*
United States sixes. Pacific Railroad, 99% to 99% ;
United States sixes, 1881, registered, 109 to 109% ;
United States sixes, coupon, 114%. to 114% ; United
States five-twenties, registered, 105% to 106 ; United
States five-twenties, coupon, 1862, 110% to 110%;
United States five-twenties, -coupon, 1864,106% to 106% ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1865, 107% to 107% ;
United States five twenties, coupon, new, 1865, 109% to
109% ; United States five-twenties, coupon, 1867,109%
to 109% ; United States five-twenties coupon, 1868,
110 to 110%; United States ten-lorlies, registered,
102% to 102% ; United States ten-forties, coupon, 105
to 105%.
THE CUSTOM DUTIES
for tbe week $1,564,481 in gold against $1,490,000
$1,C31,000 and $1,739,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $1,792,245
in gold against $8,006,500, $4,889,237, and $5,320,493 for
the preceding weeks. Tbe exports, exclusive of specie,
for tbe week were $3,202,177 iu currency against $4,020,-
901, $4,269,207, and$3,261,984 tor the preceding weeks.
The exports of specie were $272,545 against $483,320,
$230,432, and $ 42,105 for the preceding weeks. '
THE BENEDICT TIME WATCH.
The enterprising firm of Benedict Brothers have now
ready at their up-town establishment, 691 Broadway,
an extensive and elegant assortment of Gold and Sil-
ver Watches lor the Fall trade of 1868, to which they in-
vite the attention of the readers of The Revolution
and all others who desire a perfect time-keeper. Tbeir
stock comprises the various grades of the American
Waltham and the choicest imported watches. They
have also, in addition, a fine quality cf watch which
they have named the Benedict Time Watch, they
having the supervision of the manufacture oi the move-
ments, which are of nickel, which has proved to be a
metal more durable than brass or other compound
metals, and less liable to contraction or expansion by
the fluctuating character of the temperature of this cli-
mate. This movement gives greater accuracy and re-
quires less repairs than the others. Their stock of
American Watches is unrivalled. All the various grades
may be found at their counters at the lowest prices, reg-
ulated and in every respect warranted. Tbe Messrs.
Benedict Brothers have secured their reputation and
extensive patronage by a strictly honorable course in
conducting their business, selling the best of goods at
fair prices. We feel safe in commending this establish-
ment to the consideration of our readers, and would say
to all, if yon want a good, reliable Watch, go to Benedict
Brothers, up town, 691 Broadway.
Dr. B. Perry, Dermatologist, No. 49 Bond
street, N. Y., treats with special Prescriptions,
Palling, Loss and Prematurely Gray Hair, Dan-
druff, Itching, Eczema, Ringworm, Scald Heads,
and all diseases of the scalp which destroy the
hair. The doctor permanently cures (by per
sonal attention) Moles and Wens without cut-
ting, pain or scars. Also Comedones (black
worms or grubs), Moth Patches, Freckles, Un-
natural Red Noses, Pimpley Faces, and all cu-
taneous eruptions and scaley disquamations
upon the face or other parts of the body.
No charge for consultation.
Send for interrogatory circular.
rjp H E RADICAL,
A Monthly Magazine of Eighty Pages, Devo ed
Intellectual Freedom and Universal Religion
There is a large and steadily increasing number of
people in America who think for themselves; who have
come to learn that the intellect is free-born ; who acknow-
ledge no authority but reason, and who have found that
Religion is something natural and universal.
The Radical Magazine represents this class. It is a
medium for the freest expression of thought on reli-
gious and social topics.
Not having to consult denominational or party inter-
ests, The Radical can consistently enforce the lessons
ot intellectual freedom and self-dependence. Confiding
more in the natural force of Ideas for the progress and
melioration of society, than in the good office of tbe
best-disposed institutions ; in the Spirit of Liberty
steadily burning in the soul of man, rather than in
the wisest prescriptions of political or ecclesiastical art;
we are ambitious, by the discussion of ideas and prin-
ciples, to fortify individuals in their trust of Spiritual
Laws, and in an unwavering reliance on the protections
of heroic character.
No subject important enough to be discussed at all in
its pages, is to be pronounced settled, and arbitrarily
closed in deference to the popular sentiment. The
alarm-bell3 of ignorance, bigotry, sentimental piety,
wherever beard, it will allow to swing out their force
unheeded. It does not believe that the world is to be
upset, nor the providence of nature set on fire, or balked
by the frank expression of any man's or woman's opin-
ion, on even tbe most delicate subjects; but quite the
contrary. If there be virtue that is thereby imperilled,
so frail a virtue is hardly worth the saving ; the greater
Us peril the safer the morals of society. If there be any
truth too timid to grant equal terms to error, it will be
safer to have it routed until pride picks up its courage.
The Radical would not eoveitly suppress error, but
openly, with full faith in human nature under tbe sway
of freedom, win the day against it.
The Contributors of The Radical are responsible
each for his or her own productions, but for no other.'
TERMS.
Single Subscription.Three dollars a year, in ad
vance.
Specimen Numbers sent to any address for thirty
ceuts.
All Communications should be addressed to The
Radical, Boston, Mass.
S. H. MORSE, 1 Editors &
J. B. MARVIN, J Publishers.
FJTHREE SEWING MACHINES IN ONE
FOR TEN DOLLARS.
Tbe Bruen Cloth Plate enables the Wheeler & Wilson
Machine to make three-different stitches, and to Em-
broider beautifully. It will make a stick that can be*
avcled, or one that cannot be raveled as maybe re-
quired. It will make a plain stick !hat.is ornamental.
It will sew from two ordinary sporli of cotton or silk,
without rewinding or filling bobbins
BRUEN MANUFAUT1 RING CO.,
5.^trr dway, New rk.
RSfLady Agents Wanted.
MISS CATHERINE TELLER, BROCK-
PORT, N. Y., Translator of German into English,
Essays, books, advertisements translated accurately.
Address as above.


399

iiau^w
The Revolution;
THE ORGAN OF IHE
NATIONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL EIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.
THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
1. In Politic'^Universal Suffrage; Equal Pay to
Women for Equal Work; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion of Standing Armies and Party Despotisms. Down
with PoliticiansUp with tbe People!
2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Ideas;
Science not.Superslition.
3. In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retical; Pact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; ColdjWater,
not Alcoholio Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty and Reform, The Revolution will not insert Gross
Personalities and Quack Advertisements.
4. In Finance. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cotton and Com, for sale. Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships and Shipping; or American goods in American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre of the Worldj
Wall Street emancipated from Bank of England, or Ame-
rican Cash for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit Mobilier System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South and our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
to San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
more Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Pennt Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright the chain of
rlen:l3hip between the n and their Fatherland.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five names
$10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, i E
PARKER PILLSBURY, J *
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Park Row (Boom 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per lino.......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line..................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line................16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
87 Park Row, New York,
mfiE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN :
A CYCLOPEDIA OF WOMANS WORK.
BY VIRGINIA PENNY.
12mo. 500 pages. $1.50.
This work contains five hundred and thirty-three arti
cles, over five hundred of which are descriptions of the
occupations in which women are or may be engaged ;
the effect of such on the health ; the rate of wages paid
for those carried on in the United States ; a comparison
in the price of male and female labor of the same kind;
the length of time required to learn the business fully,
and the time requiredto learn the part done by women;
whether women are paid while learning ; the qualifica-
tions needed ; the prospect of future employment in
each branch; and much other valuable information of
like character. In addition are articles on usual employ-
ments in England, France, the United States, and other
countries; minor employments in tbe United States,
England and France.
Sent free by mail, on receipt o f price.
INTER
!
Q10THING.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS.
Every Novelty of Style and Material.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Boys and Youths Suits and Overcoats.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods.
SELF-MEASUREMENT at FREEMAN &
BURRS.
NEW RULES for SELF-MEASUREMENT enable
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with tbe certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price Li t mailed free on application.
FREEMAN & BURRS- Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 90 NASSAU STS., N. Y.
The comm unist
Publish^ monthly, by the Reunion Community,
now successftmy estabhshed in-Southwest Missouri
advocates common property, co-operative labor and
unitary homes. Fifty cents per year. Specimen copies
sent free. Address
ALCANDER LONGLEY,
816 Chestnut street, S Louis, Mo.
jg I S E D I C T S
TIME
WATCHES.
BENEDICT BROTHERS.
JEWELERS,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Solo Agents for the Eemontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for the American Waltham Watches. Very low
price. Send for price list.
THE BENEDICTS TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express oharges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $120, $180, $240, $800, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference, The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 BROADWAY.
rfT~H E R E P U B L I C.
ORGAN OF THE GRAND ARMY.
AN 8-PAGE 40 COLUMN WEEKLY PAPER.
From now to the 8th of November for 50 cents. Yearly
subscription, $2,25.
THE REVOLUTION
tnay be had of the American News Company, New
York ; Western News Company. Chicago; Missouri Book
nd Nows Company, St. I-ouis, Mo., and of the large
News Dealers throughout the country.
R J JOHNSTON, PuMsfa",
%
A fine 16x20 Lithograph of the
COANDER-IN-OH1EF OF THE G. A. R,
given to each yearly subscriber.
CAMPBELL & KARR, "
EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS,
CINCINNATI, OHIO.
900 MILES
OP THE
UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD
sunning west from omafa
ACROSS THE CONTINENT,
ABE NOW FINISHED, AND THE
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE PACIFIC
WILL SOON BE COMPLETED.
The means provided for construction aro ample, and
there is no lack of funds for Ihe most vigorous prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Company's first mortgage
bonds, payable, pbinoxpal and interest in gold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing. Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANYS OFICE, No. 20 Nassau street, and by JOHN J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and by tile
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the United
States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868, showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at tbe Companys Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on
application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
UR YOUNG FOLKS FOR 1869.
The following are some of the principal features of
OUR- YOUNG FOLKS FOR 1869 :
THE STORY OF A BAD BOY. By T. B. Aldrich.
One of the Brightest and most entertaining stories
ever written for youthful readers.
GARDENING FOR GIRLS. By the Author of Six
Hundred Dollars a Year.
HOW TO DO IT. By Edward Everett Hale. A
series of articles for young folkssuggesting How to
Talk; How to Bead; How to Write; How to Travel;
How to Act in Society, and How to Work.
THE WORLD WE LIVE ON. A valuable series of ar
tides, by Mrs. Prof. Agassiz, telling about Coral Is--
lands, Coal Deposits, Earthquakes, etc.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE GREAT NAVI-
GATORS, VOYAGERS, AND DISCOVERERS. By
James Parton.
AMERICAN HISTORY. By J. H. A. Bone. Articles o
great interest and value on The Mound Builders o
the West. The First New England Thanksgiving.'
Salem Witchcraft. King Philip's War. Pere
Merquette and the Mississippi Explorations.
GLASS-MAKING, COAL-MINING, SHIP-BUILDING,
WATCH-MAKING, and other attractive Branches o
Industry. By. J. T. Trowbbidge.
NATURE AND OUT-DOOR LIFE. By the Author o
Tbe Seven Little Sisters, also by W. F. G. Shanes
and Charles J. Foster.
DECLAMATIONS. By Rev. Elijah Kellogg.
NUMEROUS FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS. By the
best Artists.
REGULAR OR OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS from
Mrs. Stowe, Mrs. Diaz, Miss Muloce, Mrs. Whit-
ney, Mrs. Austin, Miss Phelps, Sophie May, Mrs
Wells, Mrs. Thaxteh, Aunt Fanny, Mrs. Weeks
Miss Prescott, and other popular writers..
TERMS : $2 a year in advance ; 3 copies, $5 ; 5
copies, $8 ; 10 copies, $15. Atlantic -Monthly and
Our Young Folks together, $5.
*** A copy of Our Young Folks for 1869 will bo
sent gratis to any person who will act as Agent for the
Magazine and procure a Club for it. Specimen Copy,
Premium List, Circulars, etc., sent free on application
FIELDS, OSGOOD & CO., Publishers, Boston.
(Successors to Txcsnor & Fields.)
WANTEDMale ana Female Agents for
the Connecticut Mutual Benefit Company
Apply at Branch Office, No, 486 Broadly, Cor, Broome
street, Nr Y, ___


400
f3bt lUvtfttttitftt.
jgMPIRE SEWING MACHINE,
LOCK STITCH,
RECEIVED THE FIRST PRIZE
AT THE
GREAT FAIR OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE,
Id New York, Oct. 26, 1867,
AND {HIGHEST PREMIUM FOR
BEST MANUFACTURING MACHINE
AX
PARIS EXPOSITION, JOLT, 1867.
EMPIRE SEWING MACHINE CO.,
294 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
OME LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
258*BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
ASSETS, TWO MILLION DOLLARS. 10,000 MEMBERS.
This Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders than any other Company in the
country. But ior every feature which an intelligent
and careful man would desire to examine .before
choosing a company to be the depository of the fund
designed for his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other.
because :
Its Directors are among the first men for character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and best company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
company.
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are all personally interested in Its affairs,
and It treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
AND LIBERALITY.
Its Policies are all non-forfeiting in the best practi-
cable sense.
Its assured are not confined to certain degress of long-
itude, but are free to travel and reside where they
please.
Its profits or surplus earnings are carefully ascer-
ained annually, and DIVIDED to its members in exact
proportion to their contributions thereto. >.
Its members are never required to pay more than two
thirds of the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loan (without notes) to be paid by the dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in the most unex-
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
lessly.
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rcb its members by dis-
honest claims, or blackmailing pretences.
For further reasons, see Pamphlet and Circular, which
will be sent by mail to any address if requested. t
{officers:
WALTER S. GRIFFITH, President.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
ISAAC FROTHINGHAM, Treasurer.
WILLIAM J. COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
'VTETROPOLITAN SAVINGS BANK,
if I New Marble Fire-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 8 Third Avenue, New York, opposite Cooper Insti-
tute.
SIX PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON ALL SUMS
FROM $5 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit.
Interest commencing in January, April, July, and
October, and moneys deposited on or before the 20th of
these months draw interest from the 1st of the same.
ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary.
Q'H EAP PRINTING,
33 Beekman St top floor
IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE INSUR-
ANCE.
THE HOMOEOPATHIC MUTUAL LIFE
INSURANCE CO.,
No. 231 Broadway, New Yobs,
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, or Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted by any
responsible company,except the high rates of premium.
Its terms of insurance (upon either the stock or non-
participating, or the mutual-plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
State or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only in such cases to
advise the company of change of business or location,
when the same is particularly hazardous.
OF CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK;'
A TALE OF CAPTIVE LADY, KNIGHT, TOURNEY AND CRU-
SADE.
It treats Catholicism, Uuiverealism, Socialism, Swe-
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Womans Bights and Free-
Divorce as candidly as Hepworth Dixon or Barton.
Treats of the Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full of thoughts.
Affords volumes of suggestions.Banner of Light.
One of the most astonishing and mysterious books
ever issued. Bold sometimes brilliant.Phila. City Item.
Large 8 vo. 76 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York; A. Winch, Phila.; N. E. News Co., Boston.
[See advertisement Oct. 8.) 15 17
ORT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
ON THE SEA SHORE,
ONE HOUR FROM NEW FORK.
ALL POLICIES NON-FORFEITABLE.
CAPITAL, PREMIUMS, AND DIVIDENDS ALL CASH.
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-
fits which flow trom Life Insurance, has another, and,
we trust, a highefr object, viz., the vindication of a cause,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. In tbis we know
we have the sympathy of all intelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put into
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homoeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men.
All contemplating life insurance wifi further their own
interests by securing a policy in the Homoeopathic Mu-
tual of New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
doubted.
Send for Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President.
JAMES CUSHING, Jr., V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STANSBURY, Secretary.
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Asst. Secy.
STEWART L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
f. w: Examiners-!
At office daily from 12 M. to
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
fronts, and frequent communication with theoity, for
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement.
Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western States.
Inquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New
York.
jQR. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, N. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and wo-
men (both are admitted on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City Office
No. 95 Sixth, *NeAv. Y. Send stamp for Circulars.
J>RINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK
OF EVERT DESCRIPTION.
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS,
20 North William street,
18-1 y New York,
GENERAL AGENTS.
Dr. John Turner, 725 Tremont street, Boston.
Reynell A Cleveland, 231 Broadway, New York and
New Jersey.
Charles G. Wiqhtman, Bristol, Conn.
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven.
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the States of Ohio
and West Virginia.
P. H. Eaton, 343 F street, Washington, D. C.
Ed. W. Phillips, 59 Second street, Baltimore, Md.
Jobn W. Marshall, Aurora, Illinois, for North Western
States
Irving Van Wart, Jr., Pittsfield, for four Western
Counties of Massachusetts.
D. E. & A. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
JJENRY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notary Public, New York.
WILLIAM GARDNER, TREASURE CITY
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co., Nevada,
offers his services to give reliable information in relation
to the Mineral Resources of this district.
Correspondence is respectfully solicited for the pur-
chase and sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Revolution.
DR. A. SMITHS WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mountain, in a mild climate, with pure an',
soft water, dry walks, grand scenery, and all the home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of access
by railroad. Come either to Reacting, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon Valley Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, M.D.,
_____________________Wernersville, Berks Co.. Pa.
JgLANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Books, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private use, at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Litho
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
JJ^RS. MARY PECKENPAUGH, M.D.,
910 LOCUST STREET, ST. LOUIS,
Besides a general practice, gives special attention to all
diseases of women, *nii to the duties of an Accoucheuse.
Join'd ENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,
No. 15 Beekman St, New York.
ALL KINDS AND SIZES OF PAPER. MADE TO ORDER.
BENEDICTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landing
City Map sent by mail, 26 cents.
BENEDICT BROTHERS, Jewelers,
691 Broadway, N. Y.
ICH AND RACY READING ; SCIENTI-
FIC, LITERARY ; ALL FOR THE FAMILY.
THE PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL for December con-
tains Henri Rochefort, Editor of the Puis Lantern; Dr.
F. Williamson; Frau Marie -Simon, her work on the
battle-field; Archbishop Manning ; Rev. Dr. Stockton ;
Phrenology in the School-room ; the Human Body;
Earning a Wife'; Inhabitants of Brazil; Do as others
do ; Miraculous Healing; Religion and Nature.; Pro-
gress in Co-operation ; The Mink. The 49th Volume
commences next number. Terms, $3 a year. Newsmen
have it. Address ri. R. WELLS, No, 889 Broadway, New
York. , 21-2
HE STATE LEAGUE, A POLITICAL
Temperance Journal18th Volume$2 per year
less to Clubs. Forty columns, eight pages. Every
father should provide his boys with this radical sheet.
Clubs desired. Write us.
CARSON & GARDNER,
Syracuse* N. Y.
Mrs. j. b. jones, m.d., physician,
Surgeon and Accoucheur, 185 Newark Avenue,
Jersey City. Office hours, from 8 to 10 a.m. and 7 to 9
p.m.
Special attention to female diseases. 21 ly