Citation
The Revolution

Material Information

Title:
The Revolution
Uniform Title:
Revolution (New York, N.Y.)
Creator:
Anthony, Susan B ( Susan Brownell ), 1820-1906
Place of Publication:
New York, N. Y.
Publisher:
[S. B. Anthony, etc.]
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
8 v. : ; 32 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Women ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8; Jan. 8, 1868-Feb. 17, 1872.

Record Information

Source Institution:
|Auraria Library
Holding Location:
|Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
233066290 ( OCLC )
sc 81003298 ( LCCN )
ocn233066290
Classification:
HN51 .R5 ( lcc )

Full Text

PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICY: JUSTICE, NOT FAVORS.MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE: WOMEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING LESS.
VOL. II.NO. 26.
NEW .YORK, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1868.
WHOLE NO. 52.
UfMlntion.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, $2 A YEAR.
NEW YORK CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS, $2.50.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON,)
PARKER PILLSBURY, / manors.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
OFFICE 37 PARK ROW (ROOM 20.)
mm
To Subscribers.How to Send Money.For large
sums, checks on New York banks or bankers, made pay-
able to the order of Susan B. Anthony.
FOST-orklCE MONEY ORDERS
may be obtained at nearly every county seat, in all the
cities, and in many ot the large towns. We consider
them perfectly safe, and the best means of remitting
fifty dollarroi less, as thousands have teen sent to us with-
out any loss.
REGISTERED LETTERS,
under the new system, which went into effect June 1st,
are a.very safe means of sending small sums of money
where P. 0. Money Orders cannot be easily obtained.
Observe, the Registry fee, as well as postage, must be paid
in stamps at the office where the letter is mailed, or it
will be liable to be sent to the Dead Letter Office. Buy
and affix the stamp both for postage and registry, put in the
money and seal the letter in the presence of Ike postmaster,
and take his receipt for it. Letters sent in this way to us
are at our risk.
PREMIUMS!
PETITION FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE.
For THREE NEW SUBSCRIBERS and SIS DOLLARS, W6 will
give one copy of
* REBECCA ; OR, A WOMAN'S SECRET.
By Mrs. Caroline Fairfield CGrbin. Price $1.75
Dedicated to John Stuart Mill for his noble efforts in
behalf of Womans Enfranchisement.
What Answer. A Story of To-day. By Anna Dick-
inson. Price $1.50.
Country' Homes and how to save money. By S. Ed-
wards Todd. \
For two new subscribers and four dollars we
will give one copy oi
KELLOGG'S NEW MONETARY SYSTEM,"
Price $1.25.
For two new subscribers and four dollars, we will
gjve a steel engraving of Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, Mrs.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ANNA E. DICKINSON,
or SUSAN B. ANTHONY.
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES*.
For 20 Subscribers, at $2.00 each, a fine Solid Silvbr
Waltham WatchWm. Ellery. Price, $20.-
For 30 Subscribers, at $2.00, a fine Solid Silver Hunting-
Case, Full Jewelled, Patent Lover Watch. Price, $30.
For 10 Subscribers, at $2 U0, an elegant American Wal-
tham Watch, Solid Silver Hunting Case, Expansion
Balance, Four Holes JewelledP. S. Bartlett-. Price,
$40.
For 75 Subscribers, a Fine Solid Gold, Full Jewelled,'
Hunting-Case La.lys Watch, beautifully enamelled.
Price, $75,
For 100 Subscribers, au elegant Solid Gold American
Waltham Watch, Full Jewelled, Patent Lever, Hunting-
Case. Price, $100. t
These Watches are from the well-known establishment
of Messrs. BENEDICT BROS.', keepers of. the city time
and are put up ready for shipment, and guaranteed by
them. The prices named are the lowest New York re-
i*411 jrlcesi
[Every person receiving a copy of this petition is
earnestly desired to put it in immediate and thorough
circulation for signatures, and return it signed, to the
office of the Wom'ans Suffrage Association of America,
37 Park Row, Room 20, New York.]
To the Senate and House of Representatives, in
Congress Assembled i
The undersigned citizens of the State of-------
earnestly but respectfully request, that in any
change or amendment of the Constitution you
may propose, to extend or regulate Suffrage,
there shall be no distinction made between men
and women.
NAMES.
NAMES.
WOMANS
TION
SUPER A GE CON YEN
IN WASHINGTON.
Let it be everywhere borne in mind, that the
great national event of the season is to be tne
Womans SufQjage Convention at the Capital,
on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 19th and iOth
of January. It is to be Pentecostal in num-
bers, interest and results. <
HORACE
GREELEY AND
SUFFRAGE.
WOMANS.
We are glad to find that Mr. Greeleys Lyceum
lecture-this year is on Womans Suffrage. We
have not had the pleasure of listening to the
le3ture, but from what we hear, we fear the pub-
lic find it difficult to say exactly where Mr.
Greeley stands.
We publish below an article from a keen ob-
server of men and things in Ohio on an editorial
of Mr. Greeleys during the Kansas campaign.
It was written a year ago and sent to the Anti-
Slavery Standard, and returned; refused, be-
cause, we suppose! it was loo good a criticism on
the position of some of our abolitionists who
have been striving of late years to show that
there is no parallel in the political status of the
woman and the negro.
KANSASWOMAN AS A VOTER.
We publish herewith au appeal, most influentially
signed, to the voters of Kansas, urging them to support
the pending Constitutional Amendment whereby the
Right of Suffrage is extended to women under like con-
ditions with men. The gravity combined with the com-
parative novelty of the proposition should 3ecure it the
most candid and thoughtful consideration.
We hold fast to the cardinal' doctrine of our fathers
Declaration of Independence that governments derive
their just power from the consent of the governed. If,
therefore, the women of Kansas, or of any other State
desire, as' a class, to be invested with the Right of dul.
frage, we hold it their clear right to be. We do not hold,
and cannot admit, that a small minority ot the sex,
however earnest and able, have any such right.
It is plain that the experiment of Female Suffrage is to
be tried ; and, while we regard it with distrust, we are
quite willing to see it pioneered by Kansas. She Is a
young State, and has had a memorable history, wherein
her women have borne an honorable part. She is
preponderantly agricultural, with but one city of any
size, and very few of her women are other than -
pure aud intelligent. They have already been author-
ized U on the question of Liquor License, and in
the choice of School Officers, and, we are assured, with
decidedly good results. If, then, a majority of them
really desire to vote, we, if we lived in Kansas, should
vote to give them the opportunity. Upon a full and fair
trial, we believe they would conclude that the Right of
Suffrage for Woman was, on the whole, rather a plague
than profit, and vote to resign it into the hands of their
husbands and fathers. We think so, because we now
so seldom find women plowing, or teaming, or mowing
(with machines), though there is no other obstacle to
their so doing than their own sense of fitness, and
though some women, under peculiar circumstances,
laudably do all these things.. We decidedly object to hav-
ing ten in evory hundred compel the other ninety to vote,
or allow the ten to carry eleclious against the judgment of
the ninety; but, ii the great body of the women of
Kansas wish to vote, we coudscI the men to accord them
the opportunity. Should the experiment work as we ap-
prehend, they will soon he glad to give it up.N. Y.
Tribune, Oct., 1867.
If my experience with the Tribune had created
confidence in its sense of propriety, as to treat-
ment to be given to just criticism of its Edi-
torials and the resalts of its editorial influences
and procured appointments, this criticism would
have been offered to the Tribune instead of being
sent to the Standard. But it is otherwise.
In his treatment of the subject of Suffrage for
Women, the editor of the Iribune acts the part
of a politician, when some of us have to think
he would do more good if he would more act
the part of a man. As one of the lords of
creation he comes too near-acting the Ipart of
a southern lord of the lash. Of this it is
probable he is not aware. But his language
needs only slight variation to show the attitude
to be identical. His assumption is, that the
mass of our iemale slaves are not inclined to ac-
cept this freedom and use it; and his other as-
sumption, or presumptionnot less liable to
criticismis, that if they sbould make a trial of
the use of their freedom, as intelligent, respon-
sible beings, interested in a government desig-
nated with pretension as being self-government
government deriving its just powers from
the consent of the governed they would soon
find themselves tired' of it and return to the
bondage and degradation. Precisely the plea,
in spirit and substance, that has always been in
the mouths of those who have been interested
in doing the voting for a smaller class of slaves
in the South. The assumption was that the
slaves were better off in their bondage ; did not
want their freedom ; and would be tired of it if
they should get it.
In the progress of events, we have arrived at
a stage of things showing us who have been in-
terested in this pleadingshowing us the mo-
tives that have actuated those who have made
the plea. If, by outrage and atrocity persisted
in, they can yet vindicate themselves in their
villany, they are bound still to make the demon-
strationmake those who have always been op-
pressed and suppressed feel that on the whole
they better give it up and submit*


402
Herein was always to be found one of the
strongest reasons for breaking up and destroy-
ing the bondage at once. The fact that it was
so effective in suppressing every noble and en-
nobling aspirationin crushing and destroying
manhoodas to incline its victims to be at all
reconciled to their conditions, was ainoug the
strongest reasons for at once and forever doing
away with the system. So of this suppression
and enslavement of women. If government be
a blessing, and if a voting government be the
best of governments ; and if the best voting is
to be looked for from those members of society
possessing humanity, intelligence, integrity,
honesty, fidelity, efficiency in well doing, devo-
tion to human welfare ; then it should be the
right of women as well as of men to vote. If
the dt privation of this right has disinclined
victims to its exercise, the fault is on the part of
tlie tyrannous use of suppressing power, and
not on the part of the victims. The paralyzing
power should be put away. No doubt Chinese
women shrink from pedestrian exercises in which
women in more natural treatment and use of
their feet take delight. And a large class of our
falsely educated American women have hereto-
fore shrunk from exercises requiring unsup.
pressed vitality. The facts argue enlargement,
not continued restriction.
The Editor of the Tribune has always been a
Henry Clay compromiser. His language, in the
editorial now under consideration, is the lan-
guage of compromisecompromise with preju-
dice and with aspiration for illegitimate power.
He is a member of the Constitutional Conven-
tion for altering and amending the Now York
State Constitution. In an editorial, comment-
ing on the doings of this Convention, the Editor
says: The end to be achieved is not for a
day, but for all time, and the means should
respect this truth. Yet as a member of
the conventidn, and of the Committee to whom
was referred the subject as to whether or not the
state constitution should be so amended as to
allow Woman Suffrage, be opposed the measure
he voted it down, as a part of his work here
done for all time.
Henry Clay sometimes made show of words
about slavery and emancipation, comparable to
the show made in the Tribune editorial above on
this subject of suffrage ; but when it came to
voting, his votes were against emancipation.
While president of the Colonization Society,
whose exclusive object was to remove free people
of color to Africaand while he may have had
in'a little too much of old, oily Bourbonin an
utterance in the fifteenth annual meeting of that
Society, he let out the idea that that Societys
object and tendency were to provide and keep
open a drain for the excess of increase beyond
the occasions of profitable employment. This
shrewd schemer, this cratty calculator and
compromiser for the crippling of a class to be
oppressed and used for the purposes of politi-
cians and libertines, was Horace Greeleys
model statesman. No doubt, Henry. Clay was
among the humane supporters of our American
system of oppression, robbery and piracy. No
doubt, Horace Greeley is naturally a humane
man. But, under the corrupting compromises
of the United States constitution and the teach-
ings of his great mode Istatesman, he was made
into a most hurtful compromiser. And I have
to agree with Wendell Phillips in dissenting
from this use of the word. The word compro-
mise has been misused and abused, in the
mouths of those who have made a business of
trafficking in the rights, the liberties and lives

of-human masses. This word has been chosen
to help on the cheatingas servant has
been substituted for slave, and service for
slavery. It has .been done in deprecation of the
odium. Hitherto a truthful use of language, as
applied and applicable to popular practices, has
been intolerable, because it made these prac-
tices odious. Swindle, as Phillips has it, is
nearer the truthful designation than compro-
mise, as pertaining to too many of tho acts of
our great national and state politicians in their
disposal of the interests of the masses.
To his credit, as a being with brains, Horace
Greeley, by indomitable energy and indefati-
gable application, has worked himself high into
place and power, as a manipulator in our gov-
ernmental matters. His nature and education
place him between genuine humanitarians and
graceless, profligate politicians. The popular
power of the latter has hitherto overborne him.
The time has come when he must choose which
he will identify himself withwhich interest he
will serve. The old constitutional swindle is
destined to he thoroughly abandoned in perform-
ance, as it has been partially, in pretension.
And the spirit of this movement is to be ex-
tended to the overthrow of other oppressions
that have fortified themselves in the church and
in the state. The man does not live, the men do
not live, who can make reconciliation between
the m oral elements that have always been at war
under our national constitution from the begin-
ning ; ncr does the man live, nor do the men
live, nor will the men live, who shall be per-
mitted to prevent further purification of that
constitution from the unrighteousness which
has always been inherent in it, and with which
we have been cursed ; and which still inheres
in it and and continues cursing us.
Horace Grec ey would have Andrew Johnson,
and Jefferson -Davis, and Thurlow Weed, and
William H. Seward, and all the host of profli-
gates, corrupters and-conspirators, of whom
these are the representatives, to be voters in our
government! Reason enough why he would not
have our women to be voters! But why should
a man of Horace Greeleys goodness desire to
have government made up of the voices of such
depraved, abandoned beings, to the exclusion of
the voices of the virtuous, the moral and exem-
plary ?
Horace Greeley has no objection that all the
women of any one state should have the Oppor-
tunity to try and see if they would like voting!
But if too great a part or proportion of them,
like the aged prisoner disinclined to leave the
bastile, should not come forward promptly and
exercise the right, he objects to the continuance
of it to as many as desireit. If this be not his
meaning, it is worse than this that he means.
It is that those who desire to exercise their right
of voting shall be deprived of this right by the
decision of the women who desire otherwise.
Or if still it be otherwise than this1 that he
means, his meaning must be still worse than
this. It is that they are to be forbidden the ex-
ercise of this right because Horace Greeley &
Oo, declareWe do not, and cannot admit
that a small minority of the sex, however earnest
and able, have any such rights!
This goes with Horace Greeleys sentiment
uttered in the Daily Tribune for the 16th of May,
1863, touching the comparative claims of South-
ern slaves on us of the North, for our aid iu
helping them to their freedom. He then under-
took to make a distinction in our obligations,
in favor of those slaves who had had the good
fortune to get within our lines, and against
those who had had the bad fortune to be per-
vented, contrary to their desires, by their watch-
ful masters. This was one of his points made
in pretext for the ideathen Horace Greeleys
volunteered ideathat President Lincoln, then?
four months and a half after the issue of his
famous 1st of January proclamation, was at lib-
erty to ignore and set aside the pretensions of
that proclamation, as understood by hisglorifyers
in general; and leave the slaves and slavery in
possession of those who had been fighting
against the government, if they would then lay
down their arms and take-up their forfeited in-
stitution, under the old, corrupt, demoralizing
constitution. On the whole, though, his hu-
manity, morality and rationality are worse
toward our larger class of slaves now than they
were toward the smaller class formerly. Be-
cause he would have the most earnest aud
able of all these to be held in bondage by the
voice of the rest, if he can by any means induce
the rest so to decide. By parity of reasoning,
if he aud all other seiviles to Southern oligar-
chy could have persuaded the majority of the
victims of the barbarism that they were better
in it than out of it, the minority, however
earnest and able, in claiming their rights to be
out of it, would not have had, and should not
have had, any such rights. A work Horace
Greeley could hardly get about
His poor sophistry, based on what he assumes
to be the choice of women concerning certain
out-of-door employments, is unworthy his pre-
tensions as a great political and moral teacher.
It would cut him off from voting, as it also
would a large class of his co-laborers aud com-
petitors in aspirations lor governing power;
because they have not chosen these out-of-door
employments. "But what will he say of our
German women who are in these employments?
Will he undertake to decide whether or not they
are there of choice ? And whether, if it be of
choice or of compulsion, will he undertake to
decide whether or not, however earnest and
able they maybe, they have any such right1
as the right to. vote among those with whom
they work ?
Under the pretensions of our government, on
what does the right to vote rest ? Our great
pretender starts out, in his second paragraph
foregoing, thus : We hold last to the cardinal
doctrine of our fathers Declaration of Indepen-
dencethat governments derive their just
powers from the consent of the'governed. If
this did not justify Henry Clay & Co. in their
Ways, means and methods for obtaining the
ooesent of their smaller number of slaves
?
it does not justify Horace Greeley & Co. in
their ways, means and methods for obtaining
the consent" of their larger number. While
it is not to be pretended that all the appliances
were and are alike or equal, in the establishing
and upholding of the two parts of the oppres-
sion, it is not to be denied nor gainsayed that
they are alike, illegitimate.
Horace Greeley is often warning his political
brethren that they will wish they had done dif-
ferently. Whether he has ever any reflections
oi this kind or not for himself, it is to he hoped
that on this subject of Suffrage for Women he
may continue to follow on, as he has been wont
to do, and keep up as near to the requirement
of the advancing sentiments of the people as
his views of his political and other interests will
allow ; for so heavy a drag as he, is a very great
hindrance. Obson S. Mubbat.
Fosters Crossings, Warren)
County, Ohio, Oct., 1867. f


S'
fc*~ 403
THR RIGHTS 01 WOMAN.
BY MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT1790.
CE'APIEB XIII.
SOME INSTANCES OF THE FOLLY WHICH THE IG-
NORANCE OF WOMEN GENERATES ; WITH CON-
CLUDING REFLECTIONS ON THE MORAL IM-
PROVEMENT THAT A REVOLUTION IN FEMALE
MANNERS MIGHT NATURALLY BE EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE.
SECTION V.
As the rearing of children, that is, the laying
a foundation of sound health, both of body and
mind, in the rising generation, has justly been
insisted on as the peculiar destination of woman,
the ignorance that incapacitates them mast be
contrary to the order of things. And I contend
that then* minds can take in much more and
ought to do so, or they will never become sensi-
ble mothers. Many men attend to the breeding
of horses, and overlook the management of the
stable, who would, strange want of sense and
feeling! think themselves degraded by paying
any attention to the nursery ; yet, how many
children are absolutely murdered by the ignor-
ance of women! But when they escape, and
are neither 'destroyed by unnatural negligence
nor blind fondness, how few are managed pro-
perly with respect to the infant mind! So that
to break the spirit, allowed to become vicions at
home, a child is sent to school ; and the methods
taken there, which must be taken to keep a
number of children in order, scatter the seeds
of almost every vice in the soil thus forcibly
torn up.
I have sometimes compared the struggles of
these poor children, who ought never to have felt
restraint, nor would, had they been always held
in. with an even hand, to the despjjping plunges
of a spirited filly, which I have seen breaking
on a strand ; her feet sinking deeper and deeper
in the sand every time she endeavored to throw
its rider, till at last she sullenly submitted.
I have always found horses, an animal I am
attached to, veiy tractable when treated with hu-
manity and steadiness, so that I doubt whether
the violent methods taken to break them, do
not essentially injure them i I am however cer-
tain that a child should never be thus forcibly
tamed after it has injudiciously been allowed to
run wild : for every violation of justice and rea-
son, in the treatment of children, weakens their
reason. And so early do they catch a character,
that the base of the moral character, experience
leads me to infer, is fixed before their seventh
year, the period during which women are allowed
the sole management of children. Afterwards
it too often happens that half the business of
education is to correct, and very imperfectly is
it clone, if done hastily, the faults, which they
would never have acquired if their mothers
had had more understanding.
One striking instance of the folly of women
must not be omitted. The manner in which
they treat servants in the presence of children,
permitting them to suppose, that they ought
to wait on them, and bear their humors. A
child should always be made to receive assistance
from a man or woman as a favor ; and, as the
first lesson of independence, they should practiM
cally be taught, by the example of their mother,
not to require that personal attendance which it
is an insult to humanity to require, when in
health; and instead of being led to assume airs
of consequence, a sense of their own weakness
should first make them feel the natural equality
1 man. Yet, how frequently have I indignantly
heard servants imperiously called to put chil-
dren to bed, and sont Rway again and again,
because master or miss hung about mamma, to
stay a little longer. Thus made slavishly to at-
tend the little idol, all those most disgusting
humors were exhibited which characterize a
spoiled child.
In short, speaking of the majority of mothers
they leave their children entirely to the care Of
servants: or, because they are their children,
treat them as if they were little demi-gods,
though I have always observed, that the women
who thus idolize their children, seldom show
common humanity to servants, or fe:l the least
tenderness for any children but their own.
It is, however, these exclusive affections, aud
an individual manner of seeing things, produced
by ignorance, which keep women forever at a
stand, with respect to improvement, and make
many of them dedicate their lives to their chil-
dren only to weaken their bodies and spoil their
tempers, frustrating also any plan of education
that a more rational father may adopt; fob un-
less a mother concurs, the father who restrains
will ever be considered as a tyrant.
But, fulfilling the duties of a mother, a woman
with a sound constitution, may still keep her
person scrupulously neat, and assist to maintain
her family, if necessary, or by reading and con-
versations with both sexes, indiscriminately,
improve her mind. For nature has so wisely
ordered things, that did women suckle their
children, they would preserve their own health,
and there would be such an interval between
the birth of each child, that we should seldom
see a house full of babes. And did they pur-
sue a plan ^ conduct, and not waste their time
in following the fashionable vagaries of dress,
the management of their household and chil-
dren need not shut them out from literature,
nor prevent their attaching themselves to a
science, with that steady eye which strengthens
the mind, or practising one of-the fine arts that
cultivate the taste.
But, visiting to display finery, card playing,
and balls, not to mention the idle bustle of morn-
ing trifling, draw women from their duty, to
render them insignificant, to render them pleas-
ing, according to the present acceptation of the
word, to every man, but their husband. For
a round of pleasures in which the affections are
not exercised, cannot be said to improve tbe
understanding, though it be erroneously called
seeing the world : yet the heart is rendered cold
and averse to duty, by such a senseless inter-
course, which becomes necessary from habit,
even when it has ceased to amuse.
But, till more equality be established in socie-
ty, till ranks are confounded and womenireed,
we shall not see that dignified domestic happi-
ness, the simple grandeur of which cannot be
relished by ignorant or vitiated minds ; nor
will the important task of education ever be
properly begun till the person of a woman is no
longer preferred to her mind. For it would be
as wise to expect corn from tares, or figs from
thistles, as that a foolish, ignorant woman should
be a good mother.
SECTION VI.
It is not necessary to inform the sagacious
reader, now I enter on my concluding reflections,
that tbe discussion of this subject merely con-
sists in opening a few simple principles, and
clearing away the rubbish which obscured them.
Bub, as all readers are not sagacious, I must be
allowed to add some explanatory remarks to
bring the subject home to reasonto that slug-
gish reason, which supinely takes opinions on
trust, and obstinately supports them to spare
itself the labor of thinking.
Moralists have unanimously agreed, that un-
less virtue be nursed by liberty, it will never
attain due strengthand what they say of man
I extend to mankind, insisting, that in all cases
morals must be fixed on immutable principles ;
and that the being cannot be termed rational or
virtuous, who obeys any authority but that of
reason.
To render women truly useful members of
society, I argue, that thej. should be led, by
haviug their understandings cultivated on a
large scale, to acquire a rational affection for
their country, founded on knowledge, because
it is obvious, that we are little interested about
what we do not understand. And to render
this general knowledge of due importance, I
have endeavored to show that private duties are
never properly fulfilled unless the understand-
ing enlarges the heart; and that public virtue is
only an aggregate of private. But tbe distinc-
tions established in society under/nine both,
by beating out tbe solid gold of virtue, till it be-
comes only the tinsel-covering of vice; for,
whilst wealth renders a man more respectable
than virtue, wealth will be sought before virtue ;
and, whilst womens persons are carressed, when
a childish simper shows an absence of mind
the mind will lie fallow.' Yet, true voluptuous-
ness must proceed from the mindfor what cap "
equal the sensations produced by mutual affec-
tion, supported by mutual respect ? What are
the cold or feverish caresses of appetite, but
sin embracing death, compared with the modes**
overflowings of a pure heart aud exalted imagina-
tion? Yes, let me tell the libertine of fancy,
when he despises understanding in woman
that the mind, which he disregards, gives, life to
the enthusiastic affection from which rapture
short lived as it is, alone cau flow! Aud that,
without virtue, a sexual attachment must expire
like a tallow candle in the socket, creating in-
tolerable disgust. To prove this, I need only
observe, that men who have wasted a great part
of their lives with women, and with whom they
have sought for pleasure with eager thirst, en-
tertain the meanest opinion of the sex. Yivlue,
true refiner of joy! if foolish men were to fright
thee from earth,-in order to give loose to all
their appetites without a checksome sensual
wight of taste would scale the heavens to invite
thee back, to give a zest to pleasure!
That women at present are by Ignorance ren-
dered foolish or vicious, is, I think, not to be
disputed ; and that tbe most salutary effects
tending to improve mankind, might be ex-
pected from a revolution in female maimers, ap-
pears at least, with a face of probability, to rise
out of tbe observation. For as marriage has
been termed the parent of those endearing chari-
ties, which draw man from the brutal herd, the
corrupting intercourse that wealth, idleness,
and lolly produce between the sexes, is more
universally injurious to morality, than all the
other vice3 of mankind collectively considered.
To adulterous lust the most sacred duties are
sacrificed, because, before marriage, men, by a
promiscuous intimacy with women, learned to
consider love as a selfish gratificationlearned
to separate it not only from esteem, but from
the affection merely built on habit, which mixes
a little humanity with it. Justice and friend-
ship are also set at defiance, and] that purity of
taste is vitiated* which would naturally lead a
man to relish an artless display of affection,
rather than affected airs. But that noble simpli-
city of affection, which dares to appear ua*


404

adorned, has few attractions for the libertine
though it be the charm, which, by cementing
the matrimonial tie, secures to the pledges of a
warmer passion the necessary parental atten-
tion ; for children will never be properly edu-
cated till friendship subsists between parents.
Virtue flies from a house divided against itself
and a whole legion of devils take up their resi-
dence there.
The affection of husbands and wives cannot be
pure when they have so few sentiments in com-
mon, and when so little confidence is established
at home, as must be the case when their pur-
suits are so different. That intimacy from
which tenderness should flow, will not, cannot
subsist between the vicious.
Contending therefore, that the sexual distinc-
tion, which men have so warmly insisted upon,
is arbitrary, I have dwelt on an observation,
that several sensible men, with whom I have
conversed on the subject, allowed to be well
founded; and it is simply this, that the little
chastity to be found amongst men, and conse-
quent disregard of modesty, tend to degrade
both sexes ; and further, that the modesty of
women, characterized as such, will often be on-
ly the artful veil of wantoDness, instead of oeing
the afttuxal reflection of purity, till modesty be
universally respected.
From the tyranny of man, I firmly believe,
v the greater number of female follies proceed ;
&n<3 the cunning, which, I allow, makes at pre-
sents part of their character, I likewise have
repeatedly endeavored to prove, is produced by
oppression.
Wdjre not dissenters, for instance, a class- of
peopli^ with strict truth characterized as cun-
ning? ^And may I not lay some stress on this
fact to jf>rove, that when any power but reason
curbs^he free spirit of man, dissimulation is
practised,', and the various shifts of art are
naturally/called forth? Great attention to
decorum!, which was carried to a degree of scru-
pulosity, and all that puerile hustle about trifles
and consequential solemnity, which Butlers
caricatiL& of a dissenter brings before the ima-
gination/ shaped their persous as well as their
minds in, the mould of prim littleness. I speak
collectively, for I know how many ornaments to
human nature have been enrolled amongst sec-
taries ; yet, I assert, that the same narrow pre-
judice for their sect, which women have for
their families, prevailed in the dissenting part
of the community, however worthy in other re-
spects ; and also tjat the same timid prudence
or headstrong efforts, often disgraced the exer-
tions of both. Oppression thus formed many
of the features of their character perfectly to
coincide with that of the oppressed half of man-
kind ; for is it not notorious, that dissenters were
like women, fondpf deliberating together, and
asking advice of each other, till by a complica-
tion of little contrivances, some little end was
brought about? A similar attention to preserve
their reputation was conspicuous in the dis-
secting and female world, and was produced
by a similar cause.
Asserting the rights which women in common
with meu ought to contend for, I have not at-
tempted to extenuate their faults ; but to prove
them to be the natural consequence'of their edu-
cation and station in society. If so, it is rea-
sonable to'suppose, that they will change their
character, and correct their vices and follies,
when they are allowed to be free in a physical,
moral, and civil sense.
Let woman share the rights, and she will
emulate the virtues of man ; lor she must grow J
more perfect when emancipated, or justify the
authority that chains such a weak being to her
duty. If the latter, it will be expedient to open
a fresh trade with Russia for whips ; a present
which a father should always make to his son-
in-law on his wedding day, that a husband may
keep his whole family in order by the same
means ; and without any violation of justice
reign, wielding his sceptre, sole master of his
house, because be is the only being in it who
bas reason; the divine, indefeasible, earthly
sovereignty breathed into man by the Master ol
the Universe. Allowing this position, women
have not any inherent rights to claim, and by
the same rule their duties vanish, for rights
and duties are inseparable.
Be just, then, O ye men of understanding!
and mark not more severely what women do
amiss than the vicious tricks of the horse or the
ass for whom ye provide provender ; and allow
her the privileges of ignorance, to whom ye
deny the rights of reason, or ye will be worse
than Egyptian taskmasters, expecting virtue
where nature has not given understanding.
THE END.
ANNA ELIZABETH DICKINSON.
BY MBS. ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.
(Concluded.)
From Eminent Women of the Age.
miss anna diokinsons lecture in Washington.
Correspondence of the Evening Post.
Washington, Jan. 17,1864.
Miss Dickinsons lecture in the Hall of the House of
Representatives, last night, was a gratifyinfpuccess and
a splendid personal triumph. She can haixuy fail to re-
gard it as the most flattering ovationfor such it was
of her life. Long br bre the hour designated in the
newspapers for the oemmenceinent of the lecture, the
hall was filled, the capacious galleries as well as the floor.
Seats for five hundred persons had been arranged upon
the floor, and the ticketsone dollar eachwere sold by
noon of Saturday.
A large number of Congressmen were present with
their wives and daughters, and many of the leading
men of the departments. Here and there an opposition
member was visible, but so few in number as to make
those who were present unpleasantly conspicuous. At
precisely half-past seven Miss Dickinson came in, es-
corted by Vice-President Hamlin and Speaker Coliax.
A platform had been built directly over the desk of the
official reporters, and in front of che clerks desk, from
which the lecturer spoke. Mr. Hamlin eat upon her
right and Mr. Colfax upon her left. She was greeted
with loud cheers as she came in, and Mr. Hamlin intro-*
duced her to the select audience in a neat speech, in
which he very happily compared her to the Maid of
Orleans.
This scene was one wb ich would evidently test severe-
ly the powers of a most accomplished orator, for the au-
dience was not composed of the enthusiastic mass of
the people, but rather ot loungers, office-holders, ora-
tors, critics, and men of the world. But tfiefair speak-
er did not seem to be emoarrassed in the least,not
even by the movements ot a crazy man in the galleries,
who carried a flag, which he waved over her head when
she uttered any-sentiment particularly stirring or elo-
quent.
At eight oclock Mr. and Mrs. Liucolu came in, and
uot even the utterance of a fervid passage in the lecture
could repress the enthusiasm of the audience. It was
a somewhat amusing fact that just as the President en-
tered the hall, she was criticising, with some sharpness,
his Amnesty Proclamation and the Supreme Court; and
the audience, as if feeling it to be their duty to ap-
plaud a,just sentiment, even at the expense of courtesy,
sustained the criticism with a round of deafening cheers*
The crazy man in the gallery, as if electrified by the cour-
age of the young woman, waved his flag to and fro with
frantic delight. Mr. Lincoln, sat meekly through it, not
iii the least displeased. Perhaps he knew that sweets
were to come, but whether he did or not, they did come,
for Miss Dickinson soon alluded to him and his course as j
President, and nominated him as his own successor in
1866. The popularity of the President in Washington
was duly attested by volleys of cheers.
The lec.ture itself was an eloquent one, and it was de-
livered very finely. Miss Dickinson has evidently made
a most favorable impression upon Congress and the peo -
pie of Washington. After the lecture was finished the
audience called lustily for Mr. Lincoln to speak, but he
edged his way out of the crowd to a s5de door, telling
the Vice-President that he was too much embarrassed
to speak; which statement, made known to the people
present by Mr. Hamlin, caused much Ikiigifrer: The
freodmen will obtain over one thousanddollars as
the solid result of the lecture ; those present as hearers
were delighted; and Miss Dicsinson has the cousolation
of feeling not only that she bas aided a good cause, but
that she has achieved a fine personal triumph. b.
miss Dickinsons lectube in Washington.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Na-
tional Freedmen's Relief Society of the District of Co .
lumbia, held on the 26th of January, 1864, the following
letter was read:
Washington, January 23, 1864.
Bev. W. H. Charming:
Sib : We have the honor to* enclose herewith a draft
tor ten hundred and thirty dollars, being the proceeds
of the lecture delivered by Miss Anna E. Dickinson, in
the House ot Representatives on Saturday eveniug,
the 16thinst.
It is the special request of Mies Dickinson that this
fund be appropriated for the benefit of the National
Freedmens Relief Society of the District of Colombia *
of which you are the vice-president.
It was in response to an invitation of members of Con-
gress that Miss Dickinson delivered her lecture at the
Capitol. Her benevolence and patriotism evinced in
this gift entitle her to the gratitude not only of those
who are the recipients of her munificence, but of every
lover of his country. '
Very respectfully your obedient servants,
H. Hamlin,
Schuyler Colfax.
Immediately upon her return from Washing-
ton, she was invited by a large number of tbe
leading citizens of Philadelphia to repeat her
Washington address in the Academy of Music,
to which she replied:
Messrs. Arch. Alex. (?. CatteU> Thos. AU-
maw, Edmund A. 8ouder> and others :
Gentlemen : I thank you heartily for the honor con
ferred on me by your most kind invitation, and for the
added pleasure of receiving it from my own city of
Philadelphia. I would name Wednesday, the 27th inst.,
as the time. Truly yours,
Anna E. Dickinson.
Washington, D. C., January 20 1864.
The profound impression she made at Wash-
ington greatly heightened her rapidly increasing
reputation, and she was urged to deliver that ad-
dress both iu New York and Boston.
In Boston, George Thompson, the eloquent
English orator and member of Parliament, paid
this beautiful tribute to her genius :
My Friends : If one unaccustomed to public speaking
is over placed in an embarrassing position, it is when ho
is called upon, as I am now, to address an audience that
has been so charmed and highly excited by such elo-
quence as that which it bas been your privilege and my
privilege to listen to to-night. Shakspeare says, As
when some actor who has crossed tbe stage retires, tbe
eye looks listlessly to see who follows next; and so £
come before you to-night I have nothing to address to
you to-night; nothing. I have been spell-bound. Amer-
ica, be proud of your daughter t Were she my country -
woman, I should bo proud of my country ior her sake.
Appreciate her, reward her by following her counsels.
£ must confess, long accustomed as £ have been to pub-
lic meetings, and hearing the best eloquence on cither
side of the Atlantic, and to hearing those who are es-
teemed our most gilted men in Parliament, I have lis-
tened to no speech which, for its pathos, its argument,
its satire, its eloquence, its humor, its sarcasm, and its
well-directed denunciations, has ever surpassed this.
I pray God that the life of this lady may be spared, that
she may see the desire of her heart in the unanimous
adoption by her fellow-citizens ot the great principles
she has enunciated to-night. Give me America free
from slavery. Give me America in which shall be estab*
fished universally, as your lecturer has said tonight


<§>
lUMlutifltt. v- 405
without distinction of clime, color, class, or condition,
liberty for all, government by all and for all.
Her reputation was now thoroughly estab-
lished, and during that winter shs addressed ly-
ceums nearly every night at a hundred dollars.
Chicago; or, the Last Ditch, was the title of
the lecture she delivered in all our nothem cities.
In the spring she made a few campaign speeches
in Connecticut. She used what influence she
had to prevent the renomination of Mr. Lin-
coln ; for she distrusted his plan of reconstruc-
tion, after an interview with him, in which he
read to her liis correspondence with General
Banks, then military commander at New Or-
leans. She was convinced in that interview
that in his policy he was looking to a re-election
instead of maturing sound measures for recon-
struction. During that presidential campaign,
though she continually laid bare the record of
the democratic party, the treason of its leaders
and generals, and its want of loyalty during the
war, yet she had no word of praise for Mr. Lin-
coln. She never took his name upon her lips,
except to state facts of history, after the Balti-
more Convention, tmtil his death. She was in-
vited to go to California during that campaign,
and offered thousands of dollars if she would
go there and speak for Mr. Lincoln ; which she
declined. At the opening of the lyceum course
that fall, in consequence of her position with
reference, to the republican nominee, she had
not a dozen invitations for the winter ; but, as
the season advanced, they began to come in as
usual, showing that the committees had with-
held them during the months preceding the
election, hoping, no doubt, to awe her to si-
lence on Mr. Lincoln. In 1865, she spoke in
Philadelphia on the Lincoln monument, and
cleared a thousand dollars, which she gave to
Alexander Henry, the Mayor, to be appropriated
for that purpose. On this occasion, she paid
a beautiful tribute to the many virtues of our
martyred President, delicately making no men-
tion of his faults.
Oue of the most powerful and impressive ap-
peals that she ever made was in the Convention
of Southern Loyalists, held in Philadelphia in
September, 1866. In this convention there whs
a division of opinion between the Border and
the Gulf states. The latter wanted to incorporate
4 Negro Suffrage in their platfofm, as that was
the only means of success for the liberal party at
the south. The former, manipulated by northern
politicians, opposed that measure, lest it should
defeat the republican party in the pending
elections at the north. This stultification of
principle, of radical public sentiment, stirred
the soul of Anna, and she desired to speak in
the convention. But a rule that none but dele-
gates should be allowed that privilege prevented
her. However, as the southern men had never
heard a woman in public, and felt great curiosi-
ty to hear her, they adjourned the convention,
resolved themselves into a committee of the
whole, and invited her to address them. The
following sketch from an eye-witness will give
. some idea of the effect she produced on south-
ern men :
A GOOD-NATUBED VIEW
Of some matters in and about the Convention is given
in the following spicy letter of James Redpatli to the
Boston Traveller:
Philadelphia, Sept, 7.
THE ADDRESS OF ANNA E. DICKINSON.
My last dispatch from the Convention predicted that
the border statesmen would receive a lecture from Anna
Dickinson, and stated that they acted as if they had an-
ticipated it. This prediction was iormed from the ap
pearanceof the Maryland delegation, and a knowledge of
the character of the orator ; and it was fulfilled.
It was curious to note the audience. There sat, di-
rectly in front of the platform, three or four hundred
southern men, few of whom had ever beard a woman
speak,lew of whom could debate, when antagonistic
views were advanced, without the grossest personal vi-
tuperation.
Their ideal of controversial oratory was with them,
and sitting at the right hand of the young maiden as she
stepped forward to deliver a speech as denunciatory as
ever he uttered, but as free from offensive personal
allusions as any oraiion can be. It was Brownlow, the bit-
terest and foulest-tongued man in the south. On her
left side sat John Minor Botts, with his lips tightly com-
pressed, %nd his face telling plainly that he remained
therefrom courtesy, but would remain a patient listen-
er to the speech.
She began j and for the first time since it met, the
Convention was so still that the faintest whisper could be
beard. She had not spoken long before she declared that
Maryland had no business in tbe Convention, but ought
to have beeu with the delegates who came to welcome.
There was vehement applause from the border states.
That is a direct insult 1 shouted a delegate from
Maryland.
She went on without regarding these coarse inter-
ruptions, reviewing the conduct of the border states
with scorn, and talking, with an eloquence T never
heard equalled in any previous effort, in favor of an
open, hearty, manly declaration of the real opinion of
Convention for justice to the colored loyalist, not in
the courts only, but at the ballot-box.
There was none of tbe flippancy or pertness which
sometimes disfigures her public speeches. It was her
noblest style throughout,bold but tender, and often so
pathetic that she brought tears to every eye. Every
word came through her heart, and it went right to the
hearts of all. Kentucky and Maryland now listened as
eagerly as Georgia and Alabama.
Brownlows iron features and Bottss rigid face soon
relaxed, and tears stood in the old Virginians eyes more 1
than once, while the noble Tennesseean moved his
place, and gazed at the inspired girl with au interest
and wonderment which no other orator had brought to
the fanatics hard face.
She had the audience in hand as. easily as a mother
holds her child ; and, like the child, this audience beard
her heart beat. It was ennobled thereby. It was really
a marvellous speech. The fullest report of it would not
do it justice, because the greatness lay in its manner
and ils effect, as well as in its argument.
When she finished, one after another southern dele-
gate came forward, and pinned on her dress the badges
oi their states, until she wore the gifts of Alabama, Mis-
souri, Tennessee, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, and Mary-
land.
There have been many speculations in public
and private as to tbe authorship of Anna Dick-
insons speeches. They have been attributed
to Wendell Phillips, Charles Sumner, George
W. Curtis, and Judge Kelley. Those who know
Annas conversational power, who have felt the
magnetism of her words and manners, and tbe
pulsations of her' generous heart, who have
beard hex impromptu replies when assailed, see
at once that ber speeches are tbe natural out-
growth of herself, her own experience and
philosophy, inspired by the eventful times in
which she lived.
As well ask if Joan of Arc drew her inspira-
tion from the warriors of her day. It was no
mans wish or will that Anua Dickinson uttered
the highest thought in American politics in this
crisis of' our nations history ; that she pointed
out the cause and remedy of the war, and un-
veiled treason in the army and the White House.
While, in the camp and hospital, she spoke
words of tenderness and love to the sick and
dying, she did not hesitate to rebuke the inca-
pacity and iniquity of those in high places. She
was among the first to distrust McClellan and
Lincoln, and in a lecture entitled My Policy
to unveil his successor, Andrew Johnson, to the
people. She saw the sceptre of power grasped
by the party of freedom, and the first gun fired
at Sumter, in defence of slavery. She saw
the dawn of the glorious day of emancipation,
when four million American slaves were set free,
and that night of gloom, when the darkest page
in American history was written in the blood of
its chief. She saw our armies go forth to battle,
the youth, the promise, th^ hope of the nation,
two million strong,ana saw them return,
with their ranks thinned and broken, their flags
tattered and stained, the maimed, halt, and
blind, the weary and worn ; and this, she said,
is the price of liberty. Through the nations
agpny was this girl born into a knowledge of
her power; and she drew her inspiration
from the great events of her day. Her heroic
courage, indomitable will, brilliant imagination*
religious earnestness, and prophetic forecast,
gave her an utterance that no mans thought
could paint or inspire.
WOMAN'S OCCUPATIONS.
Editors of the Revolution:
How many women are living comparatively
useless lives that might, under the right kind
of circumstances, be filling posts of honor and
usefulness, with profit to themselves and to
others, whose best energies and greatest
thought are now wasted on fashion and frivoli-
ties ? Some time since, I attended a procession
of the G. A. R.s, and in the vast conoourse of
people collected there, two hired kitchen girls
were the finest dressed women in the crowd.
One of them had a trunk, which alone cost
fifty dollars. Now when it comes to this, in the
free republic of America, where liberty and pro-
gress should be the watchword-and rallyiug cry
of all; when it comes to womens being so des-
titute of a true object in life, that even girls
who are compelled to do kitchen drudgery in
order to earn a livelihood, will take of their
small but hard-earned pittance, and invest as
much as two hundred dollars in one dress and
fifty dollars in a trunk, who can say there is
no need of a change in the programme for
woman ? Young women, to you, in all candor,
I would say, spend not your few hard-earned
dollars in extravagant dress. Better take those
dollars and buy booksbiographies, histories,
encyclopedias and the best works on science,
and devote the extra amount of time devoted to
dress und the decoration of your persons to the
careful reading and studying of these works,
and see whether in the futnre this course will
not yield you a richer harvest. Husband your
means to aid you in educating yourselveseither
in commerce, jnechanism, the arts or sciences.
Or mayhap you may need your means with
which to secure a spot of Gods green earth, on
which to erect a home of your own, to be en-
shrined amid affectionate hearts and decorated
by the hands of loved ones. A home which
you may surround with fvuits and flowers and
all the other objects of beauty, utility and inde-
pendence. A home where you may have a com-
petence, live a life of independence, read and
study if you like, and live in peace and quiet till
all the sands of life are run. And what is more
and better than all, is, the noble example you
would set to your sex. Thousands of them are
wavering in dependent positions, just waiting
for the stimulus of example to arouse them
to action and show them what to do. None
of us are conscious, or ever can be, of the
powerful influence that we are capable of ex-
erting, either for good or ill, over the life and
actions for others.
As jt regards wealthy women, who spend their
thousands each year for costly garments and
rare and costly jewelry, what holloft hearts and
barren souls they must have ? What multitudes
i


406
of bumble and worthy poor these thousands,
rightly expended, might comfortably house,
feed and clothe. If all could have rich and
beautiful garments to wear, a proper amount of
luxuries and plain food to eat and palace homes
to live in, I think it would have a good nnd re-
fining influence on both the mind and manners
of the community. But better far, that all have
comfortable clothes, plain,'wholesome food, and
comfortable homes, than that some wear costly
apparel, feast on luxuries and live in palaces ;
while others, who are just as good, are doomed
to go in beggarly garments, have but a meagre
supply of the plainest of food, and live in
loathsome and unhealthful dwellingsin cellars,
garrets and all sorts of miserable hovels. For
my part, I can never be favorable to any prac-
tice which does not tend to an equal distribu-
tion of all the luxuries and necesssities of life
among all the sons and daughters of our Father,
God. Mollie Porter.
am. COZE AND HESI EM VAUGHAN.
Editors of (he Revolution:
Before me lies a paper, the Sunday limes of
Bee. 13th, containing articles referring to two
trials that have been decided in the courts
within the last few months. The first of a man
who deliberately, intentionally, and in cold
blood shot his wifes seducer; he is acquitted
on the ground of insanity. The other of a wo-
man who alone and unattended gave birth to a
child, which, forty-eight hours afterwards, is
found dead, and she is convicted, upon the
weakest of circumstantial evidence, of murder
in the first degree.
I have nothing to say against the decision of
the court in the first instance, even though, as
the article referred to states, It is folly to
suppose that the plea of insanity was anything
more than a legal cover under which the jury
could shield from punishment the man who
had done just what they felt a man ought to do,
and was expected to do, when wronged in this
heinous manner. Iam glad when anyone is
rescued, on any plea, whatever, from that relic
of barbarismthe scaffold ; but where is the
justice, or the semblance of justice, in convict-
ing her and acquitting him ; he had done the
deed, shot another in cold blood, no proof was
wanting to establish this fact, but the provoca-
tion being deemed sufficient to justify the act,
the jury oover it with the plea of insanity, and
pronounce him innocent. I deny that there
is any evidence strong enough to convict Hes-
ter Vaughan of the murder of her child, but if
there were, should it be called a murder ? Is
the man to be forgiven who, through a mistaken
idea of revenging the dishonor of his family,
shoots another, and no sympathy be extended
to a woman who kills a child, the fruit of an
outrage perpetrated upon her a perpetual
reminder of her misery and shame ? What fu-
ture could be in store for either ? Lives brand-
ed by the names prostitute and bastard! Sup *
pose the maternal heart, blinded and warped
through love for the child, hatred of its origin,
despair of the future; suppose, I say, it had,
madly and mistakenly, taken the life of. its in-
fantis that murder? Let not the jury that
acquitted Gen. Cole dare to answer in the af-
firmative.
Men can feel for the wrongs of a man, but
only women can feel for woman; let her be
tried by a jury of her peers, wives and mothers,
women who, while knowing the depth and
purity of maternal love, know also of the agony

that almost robs them of reason when ushering
a new life into the world ; women who pray for
death rather than dishonor, feeling through
sympathy the bitterness of shame. Let women
defend woman, let them be ber judge, then and
only then can justice be done, that sublimest
justice that is tempered witlj. charity.
Yours, etc., e. m. c.
WORKING WOMENS ASSOCIATION.
The following Keport was presented at the
Working Womens Association, Dec. 21, 1868,
by Mrs. S. F. Norton :
report op the committee on rag-pickers.
In the investigation of the. condition, habits,
labor and eamiogs of the Rag-Pickers of New
York, your committee have expended consider-
able time, visiting the class of laborers under
consideration, wherever they could be found
becoming acquainted with Iheir mode of living
and working, the results that are accomplished
solely through their agency, the effect their
business haswhen clearly and nearly seen
upon the general well-being of society.
The subject, in all its bearings, covers a much
wider range than was at first supposed; and
while the knowledge of yoar committee has been
increasing, the interest has also grown in a com-
mensurate degree. The duty, therefore, has
brought its own compensation ; and although
the facts presented may not exhaust the subject,
it is believed they will throw a new, if not sur-
prising, light upon a class who are never rightly
esteemed, but, on the contrary, are systemati-
cally avoided and treated with contempt.
Hundreds of rag-pickers have been visited
at tbeir homes ; they have been under obser-
vation at almost all hours of the day ; they have
been watched through the streets, while en-
gaged in gathering bits of paper out of the gut-
ter, and raking up the conceded wealth of rub-
bish barrels ; they have been followed until the
contents of their bags and baskets have changed
owners, and then the trifles they pick up
have been traced through all the stages of trans-
formation to their final uses.
In making a report upon the result of this
investigation, your committee will deal with the
rag-pickers as a class ; and the facts that have
been gathered by observation and experience
will be briefly presented with such general cont
elusions as seem to be warrantable.
Your committe, therefore, wish it to be borne
in mind that they are dealing with averages,
and that the best and worst they have seen will,
if stated at all, be used merely for the purpose
of giving a correct and adequate notion of the
rag-pickers of New York.
The mere collection and sale of rags form but
a part of the business of the rag-pickers..
The rag-picker not only puts all refuse of
this kind into his bag or basket, but is also very
careful to pickup every bone, every bit of broken
glass or old iron, every old boot or shoe and
scrap of leather, and every bit oi coal or other
material which may be available as fuel.
After having filled bis bag and his basket, and
very often his hat and pockets with such
articles as he may have gathered in his daily
rounds, he goes to his home, assorts his wares,
and, if possible, makes another round ; usually,
however, one such search suffices for twenty-
four hours.
The labor of the rag-picker begins very
early in the morning, generally about three
or four oclock. Not unfirequently, however,
they, some of them, make their rounds in the
middle of the night, starting at ten oclock.
In the afternoon, by one or two oclock, be
reaches home, and begins the work of assorting
the material he has gathered during the fore-
noon. The different articles are placed in sep-
erate receptacles, where they accumulate until
called for by the dealer or manufacturer. The
prices paid to the rag-picker are as follows : For
paper and rags three cents a pound fox bones,
scraps of bread, meat and other bits of garbage,
fifty cents a bushel. Bits of leather and old
boots and shoes have no specific price, but are
sold for what can be bargained for and are used
as fuel.
Scraps of iron are sold for prides that vary
according to the general law of supply and de-
mand.
The rag-pickers of New York earn from forty
cents a day to ten dollars per week.
In this as in every trade or occupation there
are grades of workmen, and the earnings men-
tioned above show the too extremesthe best
class compelling tbeir avocations to pay them
as much as any other ordinary labor ; the worst
livhij from hand to mouth upon what they can
pick up without much work or great incon-
venience.
The resentment, of any infringement upon
each others right of way, and the jealousy of
superior ability or good fortune, create dissen-
sion and hatred among this class of people in
as great a degree as among the so-called better
classes, whom we hitherto thought held the ex-
clusive patent for those questionable talents.
A large majority of the rag-pickers of New
York are Germans, who, having landed here
poor, were compelled to do something for a live-
lihood, and accepted this as a last resort, rather
than starvation or dependence. Your commitee
found a small colony of this class in Willett
street, consisting of 106 families, and compris-
ing 452 persons. These people live in clean,
comfortable homes, send their children to
school, put money in the savings bank, and at
the first opportunity leave the trade and mi-
grate to the farms of the West.
There is another colony of rag-pickers nearly
equal in number, west of the Central Park, who
live in shanties ; but these seem to have no am-
bition beyond providing for the necessities of
the day.
These two colonies comprise the larger part
of the rag-pickers of the city, although others
were found isolated from their companions in
the business, in various parts of the down-
town streets.
From the best evidence your committee has
been able to gather, the number of rag-pickers
in New York city is about 1,200 of all grades, a
little more than one half being women. This
is the only business, we believe, where women
have equal opportunities with men.
It would be interesting to trace the refuse upon
which the rag-picker lives, to it? final uses, but
your committee will not attempt to do even
partial justice to this branch of the subject.
The old rags and paper find their way through
the junk-dealers to the paper manufacturer, and
finally return to the breakfast-table in the
shape of the daily newspaper.
The old bonessome of themwhich the

rag-picker rescues from the garbage box are
ti\u.s;o.med into parasol handlesor were be-
fore wooden handles became fashionable be-
cause bones were soarce, and consequently ex-
pensive. They are also made into tooth-brushes,
buttons and various other articles of trade.


407
$b*
The bits of broken glass are worked up by the
glass manufacturers and returned in new forms
to those who cast them into the streets.
The scraps of old iron follow the same gen-
eral course, and since panniers hare come to
be worn and the Grecian bend has become a
fashionable epidemic, it is not beyond the
bounds of probability that the bits of old iron
the rag-pickers gather in the street find their
way from the gutter to the boudoir.
As in any other human occupation the earn-
ings of the rag-pickers depend mainly on their
own industry and thrift, but somewhat also on
what they call full barrels. But behind even
these circumstances, a law is at work which not
only controls the rag-picker but ramifies every
department of trade ; and when applied to the
state cr nation, instead of a single class of work-
ers, is found to form the basis of politicfl econ-
omy, and to control the accumulation and dis-
tribution of wealth. The distance seems to be
great between the rag-picker and the Wall Street
gold gambler, but your Committee has found
more than one instance in which the same per-,
son has occupied both positions ; and in one
case both avocations were filled at the same
timethe one occupying one portion, the other
another portion of the same day. By the one,
our rag-picker earned an honest livelihood ; by
the other, it is to be feared he turned a very
dishonest penny.
. It suggests, however, that in trade there is but
one law, and that the bone-picker and the broker,
the mendicant and the millionaire, are alike
amenable to that nature which produces, con-
trols, and finally destroys us all.
The rag-picker refuses nothing. Others re-
fuse ; he only accepts. He is a picker up of
unconsidered trifles. Nothing is small or
worthless to him. He sees life, a home, chil-
dren, schools, a farm in the west, in the dim
perspective, and all the health, hope, and hap-
piness of his life lie about him represented in
the refuse of the world. Millions of dollars es-
cape him in the search he makes, and he knows
it. He regrets it, perhaps, as who would not ?
but he saves from the general wreck what he
can.
Nothing to him is mean or filthy, save that
which he cannot find ; nothing is too small for
his notice; nothing unworthy his attention,
though it be a bone gnawed by the cur in
the street, or the bit of paper that flits by him
on the wings of the wind. Sneer at him as
we may, he dignifies labor by his industry,
his economy and his independence ; and is
a living peripatetic sermon from the text which
teaches us to despise not the day of small things.
In the last.analysis he is the saviour of society
without which there would be a wreck of matter
and a crush of worlds.
Your committee having received no instruc-
tions from the Association as to the special du-
ties they were called upon to perform, and hav-
ing herewith presented such facts and sugges-
tions as seem capable of the widest application,
as well as to possess the greatest interest, now
ask to be relieved of any farther consideration
of the subject.
Bespeotfully submitted, in behalf oi the
Committee, Sarah F. Norton.
Joanna Koebten Block was an artist of singular
kind ; she was born at Amsterdam in 1650 and died in
1715. She excelled in cutting landscapes, sea-pieces,
flowers and even portraits out oi paper, with the most
perfect resemblance to nature. Her productions sold at
enormous prices, and shawls patron d by several
sovereigns,
RENRY JAMES ON WOMANS WORK.
Mr. James has read an Essay before the Wo-
mans Club in Boston. According to a corres-
pondent of the New York Evening Post, his
theme was the Historic Significance of Wo-
man, which he treated somewhat in maimer
following:
Wo all of us habitually accept without misgiving the
strange logical contrast which announces itself between
woman in ihe abstract and woman in the concrete ; that
is, between woman and women, just as we do that be-
tween man and men. We say to ourselves that there is
something in woman more than in all women, just as
there is more in man than in all men. In these words all
women taken together do not, to our imagination, consti-
tute woman just as all men taken together do not con-
stitute man. On the contrary, we instinctively ieel that
the more we multiply men and women, the further away
we get from the great realities they severally represent;
just as by multipying a mans wives you deny and de-
ride his conjugality. In short, the word women, like the
word men, has a strictly spiritualizing or individualizing
force, while the word woman, like the word man, has a
strictly material or universalizing one. Both man and
woman are infinite or perfect, while men and women
are both alike finite or imperfect; and you cannot attain
to the perfect or infinite by intensifying the finite or
imperfect hut only by deserting them altogether.
Man, as sexually contradistinguished from woman,
expresses the descent of the creative love to created form,
and all men accordingly are so many reflected or deriva-
tive forms, each in bis degree, of this divine descent or
degradation. But the creative love descends to created
manifestation, only that the creative may, in its turn, be
elevated to fellowship with the infinite ; and woman, as
contradistinguished from man, expresses this ascent of
the human to the divine nature. In a word, man con-
stitutes that downward movement of the creative provi-
dence which results in what we call the world or nature;
and woman constitutes that upward or return move-
ment of the creative providence which issues in what
we call history or the churoh.
Thus I hold that woman symbolises only what is pri-
vate, sacred, divine in our experience, whilst man sym-
bolizes what is public, secular or merely human.
Woman has always been idonfcified with the home life
of the world ; and home means peace, means freedom,
means heaven to the distracted human heart; while
mans activity has relegated him to the outlying world,
which means conflict, means slavery, means hell to all
our divinest instincts. Qpme has been the sole citadel
hitherto of true society or fellowship on the earth, where
all personsplain and distinguished, strong and weak,
wise and simple, good and evil, just and. unjustdwell
together under the same unquestioning Providence, and
praofcioaUy ignore for the time the unhappy and unhand-
some divisions bred of the necessities of church and
state. And if home has always been home mainly by
the sanctifying presence of woman, we may say without
any hesitation that she is the guardian angel of our asso.
ciated destiny, and will ere long vindicate to the vulgar
observation her title to that supremacy.
Mr. James expounded these theories in six different
forms \sith that affluence of illustration and vigor of
language which distinguish every effort of his geaius.
Coming to the practical application of them, he said :
If I do not greatly misinterpret history, women are
destined henceforth to be a leading and no longer a ser-
vile force in human affairs. But then that issue will
take place only by their becoming more and more femi-
nine and less and less masculine. If women were them-
selves as sagacious as men are to discern their inbred
and overflowing divinity of nature, they would do the r
best to enhance rather than obscure every evidenoe of
that merely intellectual inequality of theirs with men
which, while it ensures mans priority in mere worldly,
material or professional respects, leaves woman herself
sacred with the halo of every distinctively spiritual or
personal charm.
Mens profesdonal activity has been of immense ser-
vice, doubtless, to the progress of civilization ; but the
legitimate prestige thus attaching to it is now fast desert-
ing it. Citizenship, to the illustration of which all our
professional activity is directed, and which means the
regime of outward law or force in human affairs, is a low
conception of human destiny, when measured against
society or fellowship, which means the regime of inward
freedom or attraction. And if this is so, and no thought-
ful person will say me nay, how untimely an aspiration
it would be on the part of women to enlist in the profes-
sions I think it an excessively shabby thing on the
part of men to keep up any of the statutory disabilities
that continue to stigmatize womens free activity or
debar them from any civic, any political or any profes-
sional franchise they may choose to covet.
This pusillanimity on mens part grows, to some ex-
tent, out of the essentially low conception of human
destiny which has hitherto prevailed upon the earth,
and which has left men blind to the divine side of our
nature, but to a great extent out of the instinctive dread
men feel of women becoming like themselves. Men
know to the marrow of their hones how consistent the
greatest civic, political, or professional eminence is with
the most arranf meanness and poltroonery in all human
regards; and when women threaten to become parsons,
and attorneys, and politicians, they naturally enough
fear that all that still sanctifies humanity is going by the
board. I have no doubt the fear is honest, but I believe
it to be altogether chimerical. For assuredly w ns
future will never belie her past.
If they have been, womanly in the past, they will he
vastly more so in the future, when their emancipation
from the tyranny of man will leave their instincts free
to assert themselves. I have no fear that women, save
in very small squads, will ever flock to the polls, for
their bare admission to equality with men, in this junc-
ture, will evince so improved au honesty on the part of
men that we may be sure rival parties will, above a 1
things, take care in so constructing their platforms that
the feminine interest and honor be amply avouched.
And, as to mens professional activity, I have no idea
that women can ever be induced, save in exceptional in
stances, to dispute its honors and awards. Now tbat
medicine is becoming so highly empirical and so little
dogmatic, so much a matter of hygiene and gymnastics,
I have no doubt it will offer lor some time to comean
attractive industry to many women. * *
Men are kept fresh and sweet from age to age exclu-
sively by tbe fact that women are women and are not
men; just as the lungs are maintained in health and
vigor only by tbe wholly distinctive play of the heart, la
its persistent refusal to invade the lungs. If women,
then, should ever consent in any considerable way to
turn themselves into doleful parsons, into quibbling at-
torneys, into evasive and cunning polilicans, what hope
would be left for us miserable men ?
I say naturally enough, for women feel themselves in-
stinctively to be born helpers of men ; and so long, there-
fore, as men will not allow themselves to be helped out of
their imbecility,women enough will he found to help them
in it. Eve would never have listened to the tempter but
with a view to brighten up her poor, dear, old Adam ;
and the folly of her daughters invariably betrays a like
affectionate inspiration. Mrs. Jefferson Jones would be
the very last person to exceed her own sphere and in-
vade her husbands parchments or pulpit or stump ap-
pointments, did not Mr. Jefferson do his job in a noto-
riously imbecile and hopeless manner. Women are pro-
videntially destined, it is true, to help men. But what
celestial help would it yield human life to swell the
ranks of our decaying professions ? What is gradually
undermining the professions is the fact of their being
all vitalized by a sheer. despair of human nature. The
clergyman believes in the existence of hopelessly discor-
dant relations between man and God : the lawyer in the
existence of hopelessly discordant relations between man
andhisfellow; the physician in the existence of hopeless1'
ly vicious relations between man and his own body, or
nature. What help, then, could woman bring to the
professions ?
For all her legitimate activity proceeds upon, and hence
irresistibly invites, harmonic relations between man and
God, man and nature, man and man. Authority, routine,
outward law, ot whatever sort, which is the lifo of the
professions, is not and cannot be the inspiration of
woman, but at the risk of defiling all that is womanly
about her. At all events good mother Eve was sired by
no such incubus and no true daughter of Eve would ever
hesitate between tbe inspirations of her inward affection
and the obligations of outward prudence, unless she
were fairly crushed, as now, outof all distinctive charac
ter by the dead weight of her own particular Adam. I
have small doubt, accordingly, that if we men should
once manfully resolve to effect that famous Northwest
passage from the Straits of Monkeydom into the broad,
clear seas of manhood, which is the deathless aspiration
of the race, woman would instantly shed the parson, the
attorney and the politician, as the tree sheds its withered
leaves, to become a truer woman and prouder wilg than
she had ever been before, and be acknowledged at last,
the mother of an incorruptible manhood. j. k,
Where God makes no distinction of sex in His demand
upon mankind, His creatures should not make distme-
\ons,Gail Hamilton.


408
I'*; gUMlttUfltl. -
Cl)f lifiioliitiiiii.
KI.IZABETH CADY STANTON,
PARKER PILUBURY,
Edit ora.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 31, 1868.
CLOSE OF THE VOLUME,
Not alone of The Revolution, but of the
year. The one thousand eight hundred and
sixty-eighth volume ot Christian Grace, closed
up and given to the eternities, with its record
of thought, purpose, word and action. It will
seem to occupy a little space, a hairs breadth
stratum in the great time formation, but will soon
disappear as have other equal periods in the past.
As in anoient tombs, coffin after coffin has been
deposited, one upon another, until the lower
have long since disappeared, crushed with their
sacred contents into the invisible, as well as the.
souls they once carried, so the dead years lie
sepulchred one upon another, with all they bore,
until enumeration of them was long, long ago
lost forever ; the geological formations being
their only Recorders, and these also, after report-
ing indefinite myriads of ages, abandon the
problem as beyond all human possibilities of
solution. Eternity sheds the years as leaves.
Each autumn leaf, falling, adds itself to the cir-
cumference of the globe. Each year contributes
its atom to the infinite duration. What is a
human life, even though reaching across a cen-
tury ? All the telescopes of archangels could
not measure the heights and deeps of space.
So no compounded microscopic lens could
reveal the littleness of the life of' man, told in
boastful scores and tens. Only when he is lift-
ed out of the material up into the empyrean of
the great unknown, and paralleled with the Eter-
nal does his sublime worth and importance
appear. Thus exalted, he is before all worlds,
outshines and shall survive all suns and stars.
The Revolution, as an integral part of the
newspaper press of the country, is a very little
thing ; a single leaf from the grand banyan that
overshadows the land. But its spirit and word,
like the leaves of the Treeot Life, are for the
healing of the nation. It stands alone in the
nation in its demand for equal, impartial justice
and freedom, with no discriminations or dis-
tinctions on account of race, complexion or sex,
as a basis of reconstruction. Whatever it may
yield in other directions, it is immovable as the
great Corinthian columns of the Universe here;
at the same time, believing in some degree of
educational fitness to elect, as well as to be
elected.
The Revolution'* is now one year old.
But let the world forget its infant utterances if
it can. It found the nation, in its government,
commerce, trade, literature, religion, every-
thing, almost everywhere, wholly indifferent to
the rights, wrongs, or responsibilities of
woman. The nation was still at a year after year
attempt to reconstruct itself, on the old false, pro-
scriptive basis of while male citizenship. Those
who demanded more, were branded and blasted
ns radicals, a term more odious than its loath-
some antithesis copperheads. But even radi-
calism, its very tap root did not reach down
to woman. Honorable Senators, the most
radicals, studiously avoided to speak the word
woman, when presenting petitions in her behalf.
While they sought to rescue the colored man
from the government distinction of rebels,
criminals, paupers, lunatics and idiots, they
persisted in still shutting woman up with these
ignominious or unfortunate classes.
The Womans Rights Association of America,
active and efficient for a number of years before
the war of the rebellion, consented to sink its
claims, and almost its very life, in that fearful
struggle to preserve the nation. The rebellion
suppressed, and the slave emancipated, the
Womans Rights Association revived its opera-
tions, and appealed to the abolitionists, with
whom they had generally co-operated in the
cause of the slaves, to combine the two enter-
prises, and make a united and persistent de-
mand for the right of suffrage, in the recon-
struction, irrespective of race, color or sex, in
the name of justice and humanity, and accord-
ing to the laws of the living God.
But for reasons never yet understood, every
overture was declined by a few leading mem-
bers of the Anti-Slavery Society, though in suffi-
cient numbers and influence to overrule the ac-
tion of the rest. Every attempt to obtain the
use of an outside page of the Anti-Slavery Stan-
dard to he devoted exclusively to the cause of
suffrage, not for woman alone but for the dis-
franchised negro as well, was most pertinacious-
ly refused.
Then Mrs. Lucy Stone, with a zeal and perse-
verance that know no weariness, no rest, appeal-
ed to the wealthy abolitionists and others, East
and West, to aid her and her husband in es-
tablishing a newspaper, to be under their exclu-
sive control. This effort, so eminently impor-
tant, and so wisely conceived, also failed in its
object, and no such medium of communication
could be opened with the public.
Out of this dire extremity The Revolution
was born.
Of its success hitherto, perhaps it may not
become this editor to speak. It may be said,
however, that no public journal ever achieved
such a mora.1 success before, in so short a time.
Soon after its inauguration, its proprietor visit-
ed Washington, and obtained the subscription
and secured the sympathy also of a large number
of government officials, including the president
and members of both houses of Congress.
Its effect on Congress was soon manifest;
and before the session closed, we were cheered
by the assurance that more than one-third of
the members in both houses were in favor of
our demand.
Since that time, what have we not seen to
strengthen and cheer? Our correspondence
reaches to and through both hemispheres.
Many excellent letters, and reports, too, of large
public bodies, convened in behalf of womans
right to the elective franchise, have been re-
ceived from foreign countries, and, as our readers
know, have been translated and published in
our columns. Of the cause in Great Britain
we need not speak. Our inestimable Manchester
correspondent will report rapid advance* from
that quarter, where work is so well begun and
is in hands so invincible as are theirs.
But in our own country the sucoess of our
enterprise is indeed wondrous to behold. The
press at first was indifferent, or worse, religious,
literary, political, pictorial, with coaninhiv.^y
few exceptions. We supplied the whole six
thousand public journals of the land with our
first numbers, and as they read and became
better acquainted with us, they began to treat
us at least with courtesy and respect. And now
there are but very few of any worth or weight
at all, that are not at least very kindly disposed
to The Revolution, and also the demand
for suffrage it makes. Even the democratic
journals that have not done venting their rage
and curses on the head of the poor, unoffending
negro, are many of them favorable to Womans
Suffrage, and some of the most popular and
powerful papers of that party, are foremost in
onr support. The Anti-Slavery Standard too has
taken the true ground, and with it doubtless all
the abolitionists are secured.
The pulpit too has disappo inted us, of all the
elements we have encountered, most agreeably,
most joyfully. Remembering the reluctance
with which it received the doctrines and meas-
ures of the abolitionists, we were prepared for
a more stem resistance from that quarter than
hitherto we have met. Many of its very ablest
and noblest occupa nts are in the van by our
side.
What we have done and are doing among
the people, we need not repeat to those who
have read our reports ol the grand state
Womans Suffrage Conventions'held and still
holding in the different states. The visit
of the proprietor and senior Editor of The
Revolution to the new and enterprising little
city of Vineland in New Jersey, procuring,
among other good results, about fifty subscrib-
ers to their paper, prepared the way admirably
for the subsequent meeting of the state society
there, which was every way and all ways, a suc-
cess.
A much larger and more powerful Convention
had already been held in Boston. Next little
Rhode Island was visited, and on the testimony
of many competent eye and ear witnesses, no
such popular gathering ever graced and honored
the City of Providence before.. Week before
last a convention, scarcely second to any of the
preceding, was held in the capital of the Gran-
ite state. Its spirited proceedings will be noted
more fully, hereafter.
More similar Conventions are to follow in
other states.
In these Conventions it is pleasant to observe
the names of so many of the old veterans in the
Anti-Slavery warfare, still valiant for the right.
Besides Lucy Stone and her husband, Mr.
Blackwell, Stephen S. Foster (and Mrs. Fos-
ter, too, almost raised from the dead to com-
fortable health), Rev. Samuel May, Frederick
Douglass and Charles Lenox Remond were at
Boston, and some of them at other places. Mr.
Garrison too in Boston aud also at Concord, N.
H., gave full proof that there is divine fire yet in
his eye and might in his arm.
In Congress, too, our work is well begun. Hon.
Henry Wilson has led off in the Senate, after
Hon. George W. Julian had bravely opened the
encounter in the House, demanding an amend-
mentto the Constitution that shall extend suf-
frage equally to every citizen, without any'dis-
Unction or discrimination whatever, founded on
race, co lor or sex
Even the Lyceum Lecturers now draw their
sublimest inspirations from this fruitful source.
Not only are Anna Dickinson, Curtis and Tilton
eloquent as ever in its behalf, but Olive Logan
and Madame Audouard are its champions.
Wendell Phillips has learned that this is morS
than the negros hour. Even Horace Greeley,
this season, finds no other theme is in such
demand or pays so well. Indeed the triumph
of woman is secure. It is scarcely even a ques- -
tion of time.
Under circumstances so auspicious, how can



409
L-
we but thank God and take courage ? The work
is but pastime now, compared with what it
waswhen the pioneers opened the way, and trod
the rough and thorny mazes with bloody feet.
The work of the past year is a succession of
victories. Some of our best friends are alarmed
at their success. They were expecting more se-
rious oppositions of various kinds. They were
even prepared for mobs and violence. They
deemed those almost needful as assurances that
they were true to their high trust. But had
they read our hundreds of weekly exchanges,
including many of the most influential journals
in the land, from Madawiska to San Francisco,
they would have thought far otherwise.
The truth is, the ballot is ready and waits wo-
mans acceptance. Let her .bravely and trust-
fully go forward and take possession of her own.
The Revolution has been watched by eyes
not unaccustomed to observe the signs of the
times, and it is safe to declare that since the
art of printing was discovered, no journal of
whatever description ever wrought such won-
drous and such truly glorious changes in a sin-
gle year. p. p.
THE OLD YEAR IS GORE
Fapewell to the old year. Its days, one by
one, have come and gone; the influence of
each soul is registered on the horoscope of time.
Words fitly spoken, deeds well done, live forev-
er ; folly and vice leave no trace behind.
With this number we clos e our first year, and
as we sit alone, in retrospection, turning over
the pages of The Revolution, leaf by leaf,
we smile and weep, are satisfied and reproached
by turns, feeling as we do each night, when, in
its silent hours, we review the day, glad if we
have donfe aught to cheer the sad, encourage the
struggling, or restrain the wayward, and sorry
if by a heedless word or act we have added one
pung to any human heart, one jarring note to
the worlds discordant strain of misery.
Though our paper, like our life, has been
marred with shortcomings here and there, we
hope tb e world is better that we both have lived.
With the opening of the New Year, The
Revolution7celebrates its first birthday. As
it is now a hale and hearty child and is
welcomed and praised by the press of both con-
tinents, we may as well confess that when it
came into the world with such a startling cry of
defiance and prophesy, and received its bloody
baptismal name, The Revolution, with such
an erratic world-known and abhored god father
as George Francis Train, and was given to our
care and keeping, it was not without grave fears
and distrust of our wisdom and capacity that
we undertook the management of what we clear-
ly saw was destined to be a way ward, willful
sprite.
Notwithstanding our inexperience in journal-
ism (having been a mere satellite of the dinner
pot and the cradle all our days) kind friends in
all latitudes and longitudes write us most flatr
tering praises of the success of The Revolu-
tion.
We began without a subscriber, soon reached '
thousands, and our list has steadily increased
to this hour, eaoh month bringing more than
the preceding and extending to more distant
points. Our paper goes into eve^y state from
Maine to California, to England, Ireland, Scot-
land, France, Switzerland, Germany and Rus-
sia.
The Revolution, all tell us, meets a want
that no other paper does, and to fill this niche
is our highest ambition.
There are plenty of journals to advocate
science, politics, theology, agriculture and
amusements; plenty devoted to elegant ex-
tracts, to prose, verse, polite literature, art, dilli-
tanti morals, fashions and customs ; papers that
studiously avoid all vexed questions too
deep for popular thought before which the great
and wise stand trembling and appalled plenty
of papers to tell the people what they are pleas-
ed to heai*. The Revolution, as its name
indicates comes to tell the people what they
ought to know ; not to reflect, but to make, pub-
lic sentiment.' It is our purpose to show the
causes and remedies of ignorance, poverty,
misery and crime ; to stir the Stygian pools of
human woe and degradation to their lowest
depths; and to exalt the glory of the three
fine arts as Ruskin calls them, how to feed,
and clothe, and house the poor.
With a deeper study of the science of govern-
ment, of political economy and finance, we see
it is not the ballot alone that woman needs for
her safety and protection, but a revolution in
our political, religious and social systems ; in
fact the entire reorganization of society. Such
being our policy, the names of distinguished
men and women who write only for money and
popularity will not be found in our columns,
which in the future as in the past will be kept
sacred for the earnest words of voluntary con-
tributors who have no other outlet for their ad-
vanced thoughts*
While we do not desire to shock the old Fa-
thers Lindley Murray, Blair and Hedge, we pre-
fer the deep soul experiences of struggling men
and women to literary merit or high sounding
names; we prefer to discuss the rights and
wrongs of the down-trodden masses to the ar-
tistic conceptions, gorgeous drapings and un-
defined longings of the few.
In our political opinions, we have been gross-
ly misunderstood aud misrepresented. There
never was a time, even in the re-election of
Lincoln, when to differ with the leading party
was considered more inane and treasonable.
Because we made a higher demand than either
republicans or abolitionists, they in self defence
revenged themselves by calling us democrats ;
just as the church at the time of its apathy on
the slavery question revenged the goadings of
abolitionists by calling them infidels. If
claiming the right of suffrage for every citizen,
male and female, black and white, a platform
far above that occupied by republicans or aboli-
tionists to-day, is to be a democrat, then we
glory in the name, but we have not so under-
stood the policy of modern democracy. That
this charge of the republicans had no founda-
tion in their own brains even, is evidenced by the
haste they are now making in Congress and
their journals all over the country to follow our
lead.
Though The Revolution and its founders
may have been open to criticism in many re-
spects, all admit that we have galvanized the
people to life, and slumbering friends to action
on this question.
In closing, we urge our readers to renew their
subscriptions and to do all in their power to ex-
tend the circulation of The Revolution,'
and thus help to secure the elevation of the race,
through the enfranchisement of woman.
e. c. s.
As tbo best of us are unfit to die, what an inexpress
ible absurdity to put the worst oi us to death.Haw
thorne, __
ROLL UP THE PETITIONS.
Let the women all over the country roll up
their petitions for Suffrage, and diligently ply
Congress with them throughout the session
Send them directly to Mr. Julian of Ohio, as he
is the boldest advocate of Womans Suffrage in
Washington, and has already presented a resolu-
tion asking that the Constitution be so amended
as to secure the right of suffrage-to all citizens
irrespective of sex 'or color. Let us keep Mr.
Julian busy presenting petitions. We sincerely
hope they will be poured in on him from the
east, the west, the north and the south, so that
he will be compelled to rise in his place every
day with long petitions from earnest women.
No matter whether they are long or short,
whether signed by a dozen or one hundred,
keep them going, that our champion may feel
that those whom he so nobly represents are
alive and in action. This is not simply a ques-
tion of right, but one of solemn duty ; for un-
less we can arouse the slumbering virtue of the
womanhood of this nation, the moral element in
human nature, and bring this new influence
to bear in our public affairs, our nation is
doomed to destruction.
While men are debating the probable effect of
icoman in politics,'they have proved themselves
unworthy of all the trust aud confidence reposed
in them, for, on their own showing, every depart-
ment of government, the administrative, the
legislative, and the judicial are alike steeped in
bribery and corruption.
And for all this there is only one remedy, and
that is, for woman to go down into these muddy
pools, like the angels of other days, with heal-
ing in her wings, to trouble and purify the
waters, round about.
In view of the demoralized condition of pub-
lic sentiment on all questions, the tangled state
of our national affairs, cur enormous debt, and
heavy taxation, the scarcity of money, the de-
pression and poverty of the people, oar sorrow
and anxiety for the future of this nation is only
equalled by our surprise at the assumption and
self-complacency of those men who tell edu-
cated, moral, thinking women, to stay in their
own sphere, which is home, and leave all pub-
lic matters in their hands.
What will homes be whenour country is deso-
lated, justice sold in the market-place, and ini-
quity baptized at the sacred altars, in the name
of God? e. c. s.
HENRY WARD BEECHER.
The thanks of every man and woman in the
nation are due to Henry Ward Beecher for his
brave attack on the Judiciary system, the Judgesi
Justices, aud Courts of New York city, for
their open bribery and corruption. Let every
one who has not already, read bis able sermon,
delivered a few weeks since in Plymouth church,
and his admirable letter in the N. Y. Times,
December 19th, showing the rottenness of every
branch of our government. A certain Mr.
Wheeler Peckam has undertaken to defend the
New York Judges against Mr. Beechers attack.
But his is a hopeless task, because every Judge
on the bench, every justice, sheriff and lawyer
in our courts knows that what Mr. Beecher says
is too true. His quotations from the North
American Review of July, 1867, in which the de-
graded and demoralized condition of our courts
are set forth, should galvanize every American
into new virtue and soberness.
The downfall of every nation in the past can


410
t 9*v*Iftt!*s7'
be readily traced to the corruption of the people,
and unless by some mighty power this increas-
ing tide of immorality be stayed, we shall share
the fate of all the governments that have gone
before us.
Every mother who has a son practicing in our
courts is specially interested in having these
stygian pools raked to the very bottom. The
morals and religion of the family altar are soon
discarded in *the outer world of falsehood,
bribery and corruption, as romance or the sickly
sentimentalism of womans nature. The daugh-
ters of the Pilgrims have a work to do in clear-
ing up this great wilderness of life, where so
many of our best and bravest sons have stum-
bled and gone down. In closing his letter Mr.
Beecher says:
We have just finished one battle for the life of the re-
public. Another one lies right before us. It is the bat-
tle of Mammon. Capital rightly employed is civilizing
and beneficent. As a corrupor it is almost omnipo-
tent. Already our government is assailed by it. If
a new administration can find no remedy, and things
go on as they have, the end is at band. The purse
will outweigh the Constitution. The lobby will control
the public policy. If not arrested Mammon will soon be
mightier th&D President, Senate and Representative I
Is it for citizens to sit calmly by, without a cry or pro-
test, aod see one thing after another swept away by this
yellow stream that beats against Congress, Legislature,
and the Judiciary, and threatens to undermine them?
e, o, s.
BENBY JAMES ON WOMAN.
We publish an extract from a speeoh of Henry
James, before the Boston Sorosis, in another
column, to which we would call the attention of
our readers, as it points out so clearly and beau-
tifuliy the exalted position and mission of the
true woman.
With Mr. Jamess first assertion we fully agree
that of true manhood and womanhood we
know but little, and of .the latter nothing what-
ever, for it has scarce been recognized as an ele-
ment of power until within the last century. The
male element has held high carnival thus far,
it has fairly run riot from the beginning, over-
powering the feminine everywhere, crushing
out all the diviner elements in human nature.
Our creeds, our codes, our customs are but
the reflections of man himself untempered by
womans love ; the hard, iron rule, we feel alike
in the church, tho state and the home. No
one need wonder at the disorganization of so-
ciety, at the fragmentary condition of every-
thing, when we remember that man, who repre-
sents but half a complete being, with half an
idea on every subject, has undertaken to arrange
the universe in his own way.
People object to the demands of those they
choose to call the strong-minded, because
they say, it will make the women masculine.*
That is just the difficulty in which we are now
involved, we have no women in the best sense,
we have simply so many reflections and varie-
ties of the masculine gender.
Men profess to have great fear lest women
should become men, yet they are always ridicul-
ing the womanly wherever they find it. With
what contempt they speak of womans way.
In fact what they seem to desire in the sex is*
a lower order of subservient, obedient men.
Every woman that observes at all knows that
she makes the jmen about her happy, just in
proportion as she reflects their opinions and
feelings, and is charitable towards their vices.
They prefer that woman in the abstract shall be
religious, but they do not wish her to mourn
over their sins, they prefer that woman shall
not smoke or chew or snuff, but they do not
wish her to be nauseated with the odor of the
bitter weed when they approach her.
This world would be a dreary wilderness to
a pure-minded, loving, trusting woman ; to keep
her foothold here she must be as near like man
as possible, reflect his virtues, his vices, his
motives and prejudices. She must respect his
statutes though they strip her of every inaliena-
ble right, and conflict with that higher law
written on her soul by the finger of God. She
must believe his theology, though it pave the
highways of hell with the skulls of new-bom
infants, and make God a monster of vengeance
and hypocricy. She must look at everything
In its dollar and cent point of view, or she is a
mere romancer. She must accept things as they
are and make the best of them ; to mourn over
the miseries of others, the poverty of the poor,
their hardships in jails, prisons, asylums, the
horrors of war. cruelty and brutality in every
form, all this would be sentimentalizing.
To object to the intrigue, bribery and corrup-
tion of public life, to desire that her sons
might follow some business that did not involve
lying, cheating, and a hard, grinding selfishness
would be arrant nonsense. In this way men
have been slowly moulding women to their
ideas, and the better nature of both sexes has
been subordinate to the lower. And to-day
man stands appalled at the results of his own
excess, and mourns in bitterness that falsehood?
selfishness and violence are the law of life. Our
daily journals are filled with murders, wives
killing husbands, husbands wives, sons fathers,
daughters mothers! Infanticide, homicide,
poison, seduction, rape, arson, garroting, brib.
ery and corruption meet the eye at every turn.
The manly forces balanced by womthly forces
would be the glory of the race ; but either in
excess is crime and evil, one ending in violence,
the other in license, and both in death. What
we need to-day is a new evangel of womanhood,
and whoever does aught to restore woman to
her lost throne, will help to usher in the hew
day of peace and rest for the race.
It was long supposed that woman had no soul?
thought, or spiritual discernment, hence she was
forbidden to read or write ; but when in the
progress of events she did put her foot into the
world of letters, though she came on tip-toe,
apologetically, as if to say, I beg your pardon,
gentlemen, for this intrusion on your time-hon-
ored exclusiveness, how the arrows of ridicule,
of spite and spleen did fly around her ears, how
grave and reverend seigneurs did council to-
gether of the danger of permitting woman one
whiff of air outside the home sphere, how the
holy Fathers, the statesmen, the poets, the phil-
osophers, the men of letters, did rush to meet
the invaders of what they had supposed to
be their undisputed realm. With what haste
and power they forged and hurled that ancient
thunderbolt blue stocking, carrying such
wide-spread terror to every aspiring womans
. soul and goose quill, and falling with the same
paralyzing influence on all the sex, as has the
modern Parrott gun strong-minded on the
women of our times. But woman skilfully
dodged the arrows, and quickly hid herself in
labyrinthian windings that defied pursuit and
wrote on.
And lo! what a change she wrought in litera-
ture, refining, elevating, spirtualizing every sub-
ject she touched.
As soon as woman began to read and think
and write, such men as Feilding, Rousseau, Swift
and Smollet went out of fashion, and were them"
elves the target for the poisoned arrows they
had prepared for her.
Mr. James objects to women as preachers
and lawyers. He says :
But I confess that divinity and law seem to me & sheer
horror in association with the femiuine name. I cannot
but believe that women will content themselves in the
future as in the past with being doers of the word,'
and leave preaching to us pusillanimous sots who have
rendered it eternally tiresome and ineffectual. No per-
son, were it the angel Gabriel himself, can rescue the
preaching institution from the discredit into which it
has fallen ; and one may be reasonably sure that it would
never have been providentially betrayed to such a fall
unless its great uses had been fully accomplished, and
men were ripe for a more spiritual ministry. How ab-
surd,then, for any one to expect that women should un-
dertake the ungracious task. It is degrading to a wo-
man to preach or argue because these functions are es-
sentially combative ; and it is her prerogative to conquer
without combat. Vent, vidi, vid is the rightful device
of her spotless shield alone, and Cresar appropriated it
only through & strong effort of identification for the mo-
ment with Cornelia. I am sure that no genuine flesh
and. blood man would even listen fo a woman's ministry
but with condescension ; and that is the very last homage
the womanly instinct craves.
Mr. James must have been taking & Rip Van
Winkle nap not to know that whole congrega-
tions of men do listen to the ministry of women
with pleasure and profit. At least we suppose*
they are flesh and blood men as they eat. drink,
and have purses out of which they pay these
ministering women, who marry, baptize, bury
Jhe dead, administer the Communion, preach,
pray, tell £he chon: what to sing, and by the lay-
ing on of hands, ordain men. With the motto
Fern, vidi, viei on their spotless shield, why not
conquer theology and law as well as medicine
and literature. Please remember that with wo-
men all things are possible. In entering the
field of theology, they will not probably trouble
themselves much about the conflict of the
ages, the origin of evil, or any of the gloomy
dogmas generated in a dyspeptic male brain,
but believing in the expulsive power of a new
affection, oy cultivating a love of the good and
true they will try to banish evil and lalsehood
from the earth, they will open the hearts of men
and let the sun of love shine on the old theolo-
gies until their darkness mid gloom are changed
to light and rejoicing.
And law, too, can be rescued frefta its present
disrepute. Sh&kspeare shows us in his Portia
how woman could dignify the court and exalt
justice. The law in its highest uses is a sub-
lime science. The study of equity, that nice
point in social relations where the limits of
ones rights, happiness and development ends,
lest it infringe on that of another; just where
the individual must be piotected against society,
and society against the individual, or better
still how to secure that harmony, in the work-
ing of sound laws, that no such thing as sacrifice
will be necessary, all this is a study worthy
noble men and women.
They who educate our moral and spiritual
natures, and teach us justice and honor in our
dealings with one another, must be the highest
types of manhood and womanhood combined.
When butchers and bar-keepers, violence, rum
and tobacco preside in our courts, when sec-
tarianism, ignorance, gall and dyspepsia teach
in our pulpits, law and theology must be de-
famed and degraded, but when woman enters
the professions, she will do for them what she
has already done for the literature oi the age in
which we live ; for the true woman must elevate
and ennoble whatever she touches, and beautify
every path in which she walks.
The reader will see that Mr, James falls into


the common error that men and women are
fitted for different spheres, instead of different
duties in the same sphere.
The professions in the future will be as much
improved by womans thought, as the home is to
be simplified and systematized by the scientific
skill and arrangement of mans best thought.
Every woman, mother, housekeeper, feels there
is always a screw loose in'the household arrange-
ments. We. need more of mans thought there
to organize, methodize, more of his inventive
genius directed towards the every day conveni-
ences of life, to lessen labor, and throw some
new light on the stubborn elements of fire and
water, that womans soul need not be so sorely
vexed with ranges and water pipes, with ovens,
drafts and leakages that she never will under-
stand, for the mass of women hate iron facts,
rules and machinery. For our part, we would
rather write a sermon or a brief every day than
make a coal fire in a range and keep it going
twenty-four hours. As Mr. James says wo-
man is an inspirational being, opposed to rou-
tine, authority, outward law, hence the need of
man ever by her side to catch her inspirations
and give them form and force, and his need of
her lest his routine authority, outward law, de-
generate into cold abstractions, for want of
the glow which her inspirations could give
him. e. c. s.
MR. DISRAELI ON WOMAN.
As long ago as April, *1866, Mr. Disraeli, in a
speech in Parliament, made the following ad-
missions on the right of woman to enfranchise-
ment :
I observe thai in a recent debate, in another place and
country, some ridicule was occasioned by a gentleman
advocating the lights of the other sex to the suffrage.
But as far as mere abstract is concerned, I should like
to see anybody in this House who is a follower of the
Hon. gentleman get up and oppose that claim. Isay,
that in a country governed by a woman ; where you al-
low women to form part of the other estate of the realm,
Peeresses in their own right; where you allow a wo-
man not only to hold land, but to be a Lady of the Manor
and hold legal courts ; where a woman by law may be
Church Warden and Overseer of the poor; I do not see,
where she has so much to do with state and church, on
what reasons, if you come to right, she has not a right
to vote.
Justice to Women.The workingmen of
Boston had a grand demonstration recently in
Faneuil Hall, at which among other resolu-
tions the following was adopted :
Besolved, That our long cherished purpose of securing
the Eight Hour System for all laborers and mechanics
employed by the city of Boston, and our proposition that
the city government shall pay women employees as much
as men for the same quality and quantity of service, we
now enforce by presenting candidates for Mayor, Aider-
men and other city offices ; and when these measures
have been voted we shall call for others in their order
until all that is proper for a city has been done to secure
a more equal distribution of wealth*
The Boston workingmen now hold the balanoe
of power, and, if wise in their action, can soon
control the city government.
Zions Hebald.It has been our purpose to
cultivate kindly relations, as far as possible,
with the religious press of the country, and have
generally succeeded up to our highest expecta-
, tion. We paid ZiorCs Herald great respect, and
thought for a time it deserved it The last
number, however, we regret to say, has wholly
changed our mind, by opening our eyes. For
uns crapulous, reckless audacity of false state-

411
ment, there is no parallel to it among the hun-
dreds of exchanges of almost every description
which make their daily or weekly calls on The
Revolution.
BEAR1H AND HOME.
With the New Year we are glad to see several
new papers starting to advocate a broader sphere
for woman.
They all look a little shy at Suffrage for Wo-
man, but they must come to it at last if they de-
sire her elevation, for it needs but little consid-
eration to see that political degradation must
affect the social status of any class of citizens.
We devoted our Christmas to reading Hearth
and Home, Harriet Beecher Stowes new paper,
published by Pettengiliand Bates, 37 Park Bow,
New York. We read her Thanksgiving at old
Town aloud to a dear friend who had come to
spend with us a quiet day in the country.
Her description of the place, the people and
their doings is so graphic that we were at once
transported to the old town. We could see the
kitchen with its generous oven, the large cold
parlor, the personages who figured on that grand
occasion, the busy preparations for the din-
ner,, the weary children and anxious matrons
through a long sermon in the cold church, the
feast, the evening dance, and the prompt closing
of the festivities at nine oclock.
If the whole story is as good as this opening
chapter everybody will desire to take the Hearth
and Home.
Then we read Mrs. Kate Hunnibees diary,
how she made biscuit, starch, a hanging lamp,
frosted cake and browned potatoes. Beading
along we occasionally glanced at our handsome
friend, seated in a blue easy chair, with her rich
dress and cap and scarlet shawl, knitting a little
blue stocking, for a favorite,;boy, and. we saw
that she listened with a pleased, complacent air,
until we reached Dec. 17th and readr'Mrs. Hun-
nibees receipt for taking care of a sick baby,
when my Homoeopathic friend suddenly dropped
her knitting and exclaimed with great emotion,
Shades of Hahnneman forgive in what period
of the Heptharchy did Mrs. Kate Hunnibee live ?
Sue could not believe her ears, so she seized the
paper and read:
December VUh,How tender these babies are l This af-
ternoon r perceived, mine had some cold on her lungs,
for she began to cough and breathe badly. Immediately
I gave her ten drops of syrup of ipecac, which is a dose
for a baby three months old, then immersed her feet in
water as hot as she could bear it, for ten or fllteen min-
utes, and then wrapped round her little body over the
lungs a mild mustard-plaster, which was suffered to re-
main four or five minutes, till the skin was quite red.
This treatment gave immediate relief, and has the sanc-
tion of the highest medical authority in America. It
must be repeated every three hours, omitting the mus-
tard, unless she should seem worse. I didnotputonan
oil silk shirt, but should do so if the attack were very
severe.
Ten drops of ipecac a dose for a baby three
months old It is enough to convulse a strong
man in the prime of life ; hot water and mus-
tard-plasters, pshaw! An oil silk shirt; worse
and worse ; what becomes of the insensible per-
spiration. Highest medical authority, bah!
On such authority, we have held the noses of
children and forced down their throats castor oil*
epsom salts, sulphur, quinine, p&ragoric, calo-
mel and jalap until the teeth and bones of a great-
er part of the human family are as soft as chalk.
We hailed these new papers that were to treat
of home matters with the greatest satisfaction,
feeling that we could devote The Revolu-
tion to watching our representatives at Wash-
ington, and affairs generally in the.outside world,
but if the innocents are to be treated in this
way we shall be compelled after all to watch
the Hearth and Home as well as the church and
state, e. c. s.
VUR HELPERS.
In closing the year, we would not forget to
thank the many noble meu and women who
have volunteered to roll up for us long lists of
subscribers. Among them we would make
special mention of Mrs. 0. A. Roberts, Oregon ;
Laura' De Force Gordon, Nevada; Charles W.
Tappan, Elizabeth M. Tiebout, Mrs. S. J. Wal-
lis, Mrs. E. X. Sehenck, Mrs. E. P. Thorndike,
California; Mrs. J. C. Savery, Iowa; Mrs. Fran-
ces Minor, Mrs. M. H. Brinkerhoff, Mrs. R. B.
Fischer, Missouri ; Mrs. R. S. Tenny, Mrs. H.
A. Starrett, Kansas ; Pauline J. Roberts, Wis-
consin ; Sarah Ferris, Rboda Munger, M. L.
Daniels, Michigan; Mrs. H. F. M. Brown,
Mrs. Ann L. Barnet, Mrs. M. P. Codding, Il-
linois ; Mrs. A. L. Quimby, H. B. Smith, A. J.
Higgins, M.D., Ohio ; Mrs. Kingsbury, Mrs.
W. Samson, New Jersey ; M. A. Thompson,
Sarah Pugh, Susan A. Smith, M.D., Dr. James
Catlin, Pennsylvania ; Mrs. Julia A. Holmes,
Washington, D. C. ; Mrs. S. G. Hammond, M.
E. Gage, P. M. Kelsey, New York ; Josie R.
Tilton, Maria S. Page, Massachusetts. And at
the head of these stands Mr. Tappan, of San
Francisco, upon whom, some time since, we
conferred the high office of General Agent for
all the States and Territories west of the Rocky
Mountains. But thanks to all alike who have
labored for the cause of Woman and the success
of The Revolution. We hope the coming
year will find all our old friends and thousands
of new ones equally active, bringing to us still
other new friends and helpers ; for the har-
vest is white and the laborers few. Let none
be deterred from doing something because they
feelit would be so little. To enthrone The
Revolution in but one family may rouse some
noble woman to life and action that would tell
upon her children and childrens children
through all time. Let every well-wisher of the
good work Temember that
One accent of the Holy Ghost
The heedless world hath never lost.
S. B, A.
LECTURE ON WOMAN AND HER RIGHTS.
In response to an invitation from the Bloom-
ingdale Lyceum, Miss Susan B. Anthony ad-
dressed a large audience at the hall of the Ly-
ceum, Bloomingdale Road and 100th street, last
Friday evening. The auditory was composed
of ladies and gentlemen, and was at once refined,
attentive and discriminating. The subject of fe-
male suffrage has been on two or three occasions
lately debated by the members of the Lyceum,
and so much has really been said in favor of it
that more than ordinary interest has been awak-
ened in regard to the justice of the claim, and
setting aside the courtesy which a cultivated
audience always evinces towards a lecturer, it
was evident that there were gentlemen present
whose gallantry was ably supported by their
ability to completely crush out any argument in
opposition to the claims of the gentler sex.
Dr. T Mansen, President, occupied the chair
and introduced
Miss Anthony, who, after a few prefatory re-
marks, in which she-said she was going to speak
of ** women, their work and their pay gener


412

ally, proceeded to discuss the question- of wo-
mans present position as a member of the com-
munity at large, but particularly referring to
the large proportion of women who work for
their maintenance.
At the close of Miss Anthonys, address, in
the 'course of which she was frequently ap-
plauded, a vote of thanks was unanimously,
tendered. Debate by the audience was then in-
vited by the President.Evening Telegram.
MRS. BRINKERHOFF.
A Western paper says, We have heard many
of the popular lecturers of the day, among
them Anna E. Dickinson. We can only say
to her, while you are at the head of the class
you must now make room for another.
We bespeak for Mrs. B., as a popular lec-
turer, a brilliant future. She, in company with
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Miss Snsan B.
Authony and Miss Olympia Brown, made a
canvass of the. State of Kansas last year, in
favor of Female Suffrage.
Mrs. B. is young and has just entered the
field as a lecturer. We understand that her first
experience was in Kansas last fall. She is
mo lest and lady-like in her deportment, earnest
and candid in her reasoning, interesting and en-
tertaining as a speaker.
The Tipton Advertiser says she is no mean
disciple of AnnaE. Dickinson. We regard her
not as Miss Dickinsons disciple, but as her
equal. She displays more talent than many
popular lecturers, who, because of their reputa-
tion, not only draw large audiences, but receive
large pay.
OLIVE LOGAN.
On the Evening of Dec. 15th, this accom-
plished woman delivered a lecture in Steinway
Hall for the benefit of St Peters Sunday Schpol.
Our space does not permit us to give any report
of the lecture, though its merits would fully
warrant us in so doiDg. Her subject, Paris,
City of Luxury, gave her abundant scope for
the power of sketching scenes, and portraying
types of character in which she excels. Her
description of the Empress on skates was ex-
ceedingly ludicrous and mirth provoking, while
her beautiful and apt allusions to our lamented
Lincoln brought tears into many eyes. Miss
Logans experience upon the stage is a great
help to her as a speaker, while at the same time
her manner has very little of the theatrical in
it. We are pleased to say she defined her po-
sition upon the Suffrage question in a measure
most creditable to herself as a clear-sighted,
sensible woman, contending that the day of
womans Emancipation only waited for the time
when American intelligence should demand it.
The right of woman to vote, said she, will
come as surely as American institutions endure
and American intelligence speaks.
A Little Boastful.Our friend of the Yates
County Chronicle is not given to over much boast-
ing, and so we believe he means to speak truly in
what he says about that new sanctum. But
then he has never seen the new rooms of The
Revolution. Whether his office is unsur-
passed in general appearance, coziness and com.
fort, or not, his paper, we are glad to know,
slninks from no encounter with the powers of
darkness ; and the equal rights of all, without
distinction of race or sex, are alike sacred in its
sight.
THE CHURCH OUR WORST OPPOSUION.
The Springfield (Mass.) Republican remem-
bering, doubtless, the past, concludes that the
popular church organizations, will present the
most formidable opposition to the extension of
Suffrage to Woman. Our own observation and
experience, both running through thirty years
of anti-slavery conflict, lead us to conclude that
the church and pulpit will at least keep pace
with the press and people. If we can be sure
of the Springfield Republican and the republican
party respectability igenerally, we are sure of
everjthing else. Here is what the Republican
says on the question :
The strongest and most persistent opposition to
Woman Suffrage is to come from the Christian church.
The clergy, with rare exceptions, follow the lead of the
apostle Paul on this subject, and, although they will
not undertake to vindicate the soundness of the apos-
tles logic, they will maintain his opinions and insist
strongly that if woman is not inferior to man, she is at
least unlike him and naturally incapable of governmen-
tal and public life. And the women of the chnrch, in
all the old and respectable sects, at least, will assent
at once to the dicta of the clergy. In the new sects just
struggling for life, and the liberal sects, which cannot
even get recognition as Christian t>y the large majority of
the Christian world, the tendency will be to welcome the
women to public service, as we see already in the min*
jstry of some of the sects generally labeled heretical.
Equal political rights involve equality in the government
and service of the church, and it is obvious that a hard
battle is to be fought among the polemics before the
chnrches will accept without limitation the idea that in
Christ there is neither male nor female, but all are
one, or equal in power and privilege. And this con-
flict will be the more strenuous because to concede the
equality of woman will seem to involve a denial of the
infallibility of the writers of the Bible. The champions
of Woman Suffrage may as well understand and prepare
for this contest, for it must certainly come, and almost
before they know it, they may find themselves denounced
and socially proscribed as infidels.
THE^ECIAN SEND.
Editors of the Revolution :
A pew ideas suggested by Dr. Boyntons lec-
ture last Saturday evening, Dec. 19th, have be-
come so irrepressible that 1 beg a small space
in your columns for their expression. Passing
over the earlier geological portions of the lec-
ture I come at once to my theme, which is the
live reptile that was placed under the magnifying
glass for our inspection. No sooner had this
creature begun to move than I was seized
with the idea that he and his family were the
sources of inspiration whence the ugly dances
in Offenbachs Operas are drawn. Tiue enough,
I am one of the few persons in this city, who
have never seen a bona fide representation of
one of these Operas. But what of that, good
Revolution? neither you nor I can go to a
theatre, concert, party, nay even church, nor
walk the streets, and escape the contagion of
Offenbachs music the baneful influence of which
is over all the land. This mans soul has been
compared to a dirty spunge which, sucking up
the clear water of other mens genius, emits it
again befouled with his own imagination, not
having even the merit of originality.
Accompanying such music are suitable words
and motions (dances, so-called) the latter for all
the world like those of the above named reptile.
And let me adviBe all admirers of this new enter-
tainment styled Opera Bouffe, and its imita-
tions, Ixion, Humpty Dumpfcy. etc., togo
and witness Dr. Boyntons illustrations, that
they may see the very dose resemblance and en-
tire correspondence of the Reptilia to the
moral ooze and slime and filth of the Gre-
cian Bend the Schneider "Wriggle and the
Can-can. v.
Mary Wollstonecbaft.We close to-day the
truly woodrous Work of this remarkable person
of almost a hundred years ago, on the Rights
of Woman. Emerson says of Plato, he
makes sad work of our originalities. So Mary
Wollstonecraft anticipated almost every argu-
ment of to-day for the Rights of Woman. Read-
ers of The Revolution will better appre-
ciate the value of the volume, when told that
it is wholly out of print, and has long been
out of the market. We were only able after
long and careful search to fihd two copies, the
price of which was two dollars each. In this
one work then, our readers have the full value
of their years subscription ; what indeed they
could not at present have in any other way,
for any amount of money. A beautiful and
correct likeness of the author is for sale at this
office.
An Exchange says:
Henaiker, N. H., has a manufactory of mackerel kits
which turns out fitty thousand yearly. A cord of pine
wood makes a hundred kits, and a cord of ash will fur-
nish hoops for six thousand.
And Henniker, N. H., as this editor is com-
petent to affirm, has a wealth of water power
and other material, that might make it the very
first town in*the state. Besides, it possesses a
beauty and variety of scenery that should make
it one of the most attractive resorts tot summer
residence in New England ; and it is,[moreover,
the very worst town for doctors and undertakers
that can be found, as all whoever tried to live
there will testify. And being of easy access by
railroad, explorers will discover it sometime,
and make their fortunes by it. And the for-
tunes of the people living there also, if they
will only let them.
The People Ahead.We have often asserted
that the people are, and always have been, more
ready than their leaders for new advances. The
legislature in Massachusetts shamefully snubbed
the whole Woman question last winter. It never
was done more meanly by any legislative body
in the civilized world. But ^he towns have
since, in several instances, taken the business
into their own hands, law or no law, and have
elected women on their School Committees ;
and the Executive has even appointed them
to important positions on the Boards of the
State Charities.
Lectures on Cookery.Miss Julia Colmau,
Professor of the Philosophy of Food in the
Dixon Institute, Brooklyn (corner of DeKalband
Adelphi), will deliver a course of six lectures on
the agreeable preparation of wholesome food in
the reception rooms of the Institute at 3 p.m.
of Jan. 6th, 8th, 11th, 13th, 15th and 18th.
Those who desire a sound mind in a sound
body will hardly fail to profit by her criti-
cisms, recipes and instructions.
The Working Womens Association.The
next regular meeting will be held in room 18,
Cooper Institute, Friday evening, January 8th,
1869, at 7£ oclock.
W. S. Taylor, of Berlin, N. Y., has a Wheeler
& Wilson Sewing Machine (No. 289) that has
done nearly $5,000 worth of stitching during
the past sixteen years, and is now in perfect
working order,


1..
IUmJuUou.
413
LITERARY.
The Catholic World. A Monthly Magazine of general
Literature and Science. New York : The Catholic
Publishing House, 126 Nassau street. Five dollars a
year in advance.
The Roman Catholic Church is to be congratulated on
the possession of such an -organ, exponent and defender
as the World. Second in mechanical execution to none
n the city, it is otherwise conducted with candor, fair.
doss and certainly with powerful ability. The article on
Galileo in the January number is an attempt to refute
the commonly entertained opinions on the controversy
between the great astronomer and the Church of his
day. We have not had time to study np the argument
wilh the historic references, but from what appears,
there seems good reason for a review of the case on the
part of the Protestant defenders of tbe fair name and
fame of Galileo. He has ever been considered a victim
of a bigoted and blind religious faith, determiued to stay
the progress ot science as some barbarous nations fancy
they save the sun in eclipse, by shouting to drive off the
obscurity.
Another long article in tbe January number is a review
of Dr. Ewers Four Discourses on Protestantism a
Failure, in which a rather successful effort is made to
show that the only ark of safety for troubled spirits like
that of Dr. Ewer, who still cling to organized forms and
laitbs, is in tbe Catholic Communion. The World says
oi such :
The spirit is working in them to bring them to light
and life. They are not against us, and to some extent
are with us. We would, for their sakes, they were
wholly with us; and we never cease to pray God that
they may find the haven of security .and rest it has
pleased him that we should find for ourselves. We once
were one of their number, thought and felt with them,
straggled with them, and we can have for them only
words of encouragement and hope. In what we have
said we have had only the desire to assist them to find
and understand the One Holy Catholic Apostolic Church.
Packard's MonthlyThe Young Mens Magazine.
The January number is an improvement on the past
year in several important respects; one in particular.
It is no more quarto but octavo. In general tone and
character, it was well before. Probably no magazine is
more sure of being read, and none surely will better re.
pay reading. That it may have a Happy New Year, we
wish it many new paying subscribers.
Young America for January:--
There is said to be a great hurrah among the children
when Young America arrives. Its stories, its puzzles,
its pictures, possess an irresistible attraction, and in-
duce lots of boys and girls to beg at bed-time for just
half an hourmore. The January numberis the Ihird
issued since the enlargement, and is one of the most
interesting and attractive that has been published. Pub-
lication Office, 838 Broadway, N. Y., at $1.50 yearly.
Doctor Jacob. By M. Betham Edwards.
A very pretty book of 375 pages, duodecimo,-which we
notice without having thoroughly read. Two things,
however, speak well for it; it is a German tale, and is pub-
lished by the Roberts Brothers, 143 Washington street,
Boston.
The Complete Photographer. By James E. Munson.
Oakiy, Mason & Co., 21 Murray street, New York.
A complete exposition of tbe principles of Phono-
graphy, affording the fullest instruction to those who
laVe not the assistance of an oral teacher.
A 'Womans Philosophy of Women. By Madame
D'Hunieourt. Carleton, Publisher.
Au admirable treatise on the affranchisement of
women, intended as a refutation of the coarse indecency
of Proudhon, and of the perfumed pruriency of Miche-
let, and the other false friends, and would-be cham-
pions of woman. We recommend its careful perusal
to every person interested in the cause of humanity.
'The Phrenological Journal for January contains
Reverdy Johnson as a Diplomat; Napoleon Bonaparte,
his character and genius ; T. S. Arthur ; Church, Bier-
stadt, Gifford, Page, Huntington, and six other eminent
American Artists ; Peculiarities .of American Faces ;
Dietetic Habits of Great men ; Radical Types and Pecu-
liarities as illustrated in the Lives of Great Men ; Phy.
siognomy of Abraham aud his'Wife ; The New Year;
How tbe Doctors appreciate Phrenology ; Thirteen Va-
rieties of Dogs, etc., etc., with fine Portraits and Illus
trations. Price 30 cents, or $3 a year. New Volume
just begun. Address S. R. Wells, 819 Broadway, N. Y.
Typographic Messenger. One Dollar per annum,
in advance. James Conner's Sons, publishers, Nos. 28
30 and 32 Cenlre street, N. Y,
Financial and Commercial.America versus
EuropeGold, like our Cotton, FOR SALE.
Greenbaclcs for Money. An American System of
Finance. American Prc duels and Labor Fi'ee.
Open doors to Artisans and Immigrants. At-
lantic and Pacific Oceans for AMERICAN
Steamships and Shipping. NewYork the Finan-
cial Centre of the World. Watt Street emanci
paled from Bank of England, or American Cash
for American Bills. The Credit Fonder and
Credit McbiUer System, or Capital Mobilized to
Resuscitate the South and our Mining Interests,
and to People the Country from Ocean to Ocean,
from Omaha to San Francisco. More organized
Labor, more Cotton, more Gold and Silver
Bullion to sell foreigners at the highest prices.^
Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens DEMAND.
A PENNY OCEAN POS1AGE, to Strength-
en the Brotherhood of Labor, and keep, bright
the chain of friendship between them and their
Father Land.
THE REVOLUTION.
VOL, II.NO. 26.
FLUCTUATIONS OF IRE RATE OF
INTEREST.
Editors of the Revolution:
Edward Kelloggs Monetary System is deserv-
ing of all the commendations given it in your
paper of Nov. 12th. (This is the only copy oi
Th^^-evolution I have ever seen.)
Mr. Kellogg is the most thorough of all Amer-
ican writers on finance ; he sixows conclusively^
that the European Systems though well adapted
to transfer earnings from the pockets of the
people to the coffers of kings, are illy adapted
to a republic in which each citizen should have
equal rights with every other.
The fact is, nothing should be allowed to cir-
culate as money, except whit is legal to pay
debts with. All inflations and contractions of
credits, and extreme fluctuations of interest are
directly traceable to unjust laws. For instance,
in England, from the year 3704 to the year 1813
inclusive a term of a hundred and forty years,
there were only sixteen changes of interest in
the Bank of England, and the rate never went
below four, nor above six per cent. Then
(against the protest of the directors) it was en-
acted, Act. VII, Victoria, Chap. 32d, Sec. IV, that
after Aug. 1st, 1844, All persons shall be en-
titled to demand from the issue department of
the Bank of England notes in exchange for
gold bullion, at the rate of £3 10s 9d per oz.
of standard gold. The directly traceable
effect of this law was, that from 1844 to 1863
inclusive, a terra of twenty years, there were
nmety-three changes of interest, and the rate
fluctuated horn 2 to 10 per cent. Since then
the fluctuations have been worse, and the disas-
trous panic of 1866, from which England has
not yet fully recovered, was caused by a redun-
dant currency and the speculations naturally
consequent thereon. Austria, Italy, and the
United States had abandoned gold as a basis of
their currency. As gold accumulated in Eng-
land, the sysem induced an expansion of bills,
producing a redundant currency and the accom-
panying speculation, a resultant panic and the
present distiust.
Tbe great Napoleon hit the nail on the head
when he said, in substance, that the proper busi
ness of a bank was to lend money at four per
cent. The system he inaugurated was a princi-
pal cause of the steady mterest at the Bank pf
France, which, has never, since 1804, fluctuated
more than three per cent., unless quits recently.
There have indeed been panics in England,
about once in ten years or so ; say in 1784,1793,
1810, 1819, 1826, 1837, 1847, 1857 and 1866.
The early panics, before 1814, were not caused
nearly as much by the credits or the bills issued
from the Bank of England as they were by the
reckless business of the country banks.
The contraction of loans by the New York
city banks, amounting to tUirty-lve millions of
dollars, between the 11th of July last and the
middle of November, caused tne recent panic,
although it was aggravated by the additional
impetus given to it by the Erie operators.
During the same time, in Boston and Philadel-
phia, there was no contraction of loans, and of
course no panic.
The subject is fruitful, and one might write
for weeks, to little purpose, as debtors are de-
termiued to be robbed, and will be gratified
before they know it, so that they will hardly
know what hurt them.
Of course I hold that all fluctuations of the rate
of interest, and all changes to the measure of
values, important enough to effect anything,
must rob somebody. When moaey is inflated
creditors are robbed, aud whjn money is con-
tracted, debtors are robbed. Those who know
most are the most likely to save themselves.
Knowledge is power. Send along the paper.
Respectfully yours, Henry N. Stone.
Boston, Dec. 18, 1868. "
THE ADVANTAGES OF THE SAFETY
1FUND MONEY OVER SPECIE
j From the New Monetary System.
The following illustrations will show the dif-
ferent effects of a specie and a paper currency
upon the prosperity of countries having ma-
terials for the formation of either. Suppose
two fertile islands to exist, each containing a
silver miue as productive as the average of
those now^vorked. Two parties, of a hundred
thousand settlers each, emigrate to these islands,
taking with them implements of husbandry, a
stock of cattle, merchandise, tools, etc., and
provisions for a year, in procuring which they
nearly exhaust their money. Arrived at their
respective destinations, they locate their lands,
etc., and each party begins to make exchanges
among its members. The want of money is
soon severlly felt. The inhabitants of one is-
land determine to have a metal currency, and
accordingly prepare to work their silver mm^
One-fifth of the whole population, i. e., twenty
thousand, are men capable of labor. Three
thousand engage inworkiug the mine, and with
their families constitute a population of fifteen
thousand, who consume the products of others.
Suppose each man to earn or make half a dol-
lar a day ; total in a year four hundred and fifty
thousand dollars. This sum being exchanged
by the miners for food, clothing, etc., goes into
immediate circulation. It will require nearly
three years to supply the money necessary for
their internal exchanges, say $12 for each in-
habitant, i. c., $1,200,000; and during this


414

period money must be very scarce. The ship-
ment of any specie abroad to pay for goods,
will increase the want of money at home. Sup-
pose the population to increase three per cent.,
that is, three thousand a year, they must con-
tinue to mine $36,000 yearly, to maintain the
proportion of $12 to each individual.
The inhabitants- of the other island deter-
mine not to work their silver mine, but to es-
tablish a Safety Fuad, and lend the paper money
as heretofore stated. All have the opportunity
to borrow to one-half the value o'? their produc-
tive land. This money costs nothing but the
comparatively trifling labor of the paper and
engraving. If a surplus be in circulation, its
owner can at any time pay off a mortgage to the
Fund and stop the interest, or fund the money
and receive interest. The exact amount re-
quired will always be in circulation, and the in-
terest being regular, the value of the money
will be iuvariable.
The difference betweeu the labor to mine and
coin the silver money, and the labor to make
and engrave the paper money, will be a clear
saving to the island using the paper money;
and all this difference of labor can be applied
to the production of articles for export. The
island using the paper money can export about
as great an amount of products as the other is-
land will coin iu m If the latter island
require the products of the former, and ex-
change coins for them, the former island will
use the silver money for manufactures, or for
export; it cannot need them for money. If the
Fund lend at one and one-tenth per cent, inter-
est, the island will always have an abundance
of money at a low and uniform rate, so that
every branch of industry can be carried on to
the best advantage, and the property will be
distributed to those whose labor shall earn it.
But the business and productive iudustry of the
island using coins will be constantly retarded
for waut-of money, and the high and fluctuat-
ing rates of interest will inevitably concentrate
the wealth in the'hands of a few capitalists,
and leave the producers in poverty. The peo-
ple of the island using the paper currency Will
be rich, virtuous, and happy, while those using
the silver money will be poor, wicked, and mis-
erable, because poverty and avarice will lead to
crime. If the two islands, instead of trading
with each, other, maintain trade with other na-
tions, it must be obvious that the one using the
paper money wilLjhave a great advantage over
the one using.tbe silver money.
Suppose the same number of emigrants to
settle on a third island, aiid borrow their whole
currency of a foreign natioo, say $1,000,000 in
gold, silver, or paper money, at an interest of
eight per cent, per annum, payable half yearly.
If their imports equal their exports, and they
be obliged issue bonds every six months at"
eight'per cent, to pay the interest, in fifty-three
years the island willibecome'indebted to foreign
.nations 364,000,000 ; $C3,000,000 of which will
be interest on the 1,000,000 originally borrowed.
The people must lose this amount in conse-
quence of defective legislation. If the emi-
grants through their government establish a
Safety Fund, and provide their own currency,
instead of importing it, they will save the whole
interest, besides having great advantages by the
abundance of money.
Paper money can be as easily made to exceed
coins in value, as coins to exceed paper money,
because the value of all money is governed by
the per centage interest Let the Safety Fund
lend paper money, and fund R with Safety
Fund Notes bearing'six per cent. ; let it lend
coins, and fund them with Safely Fund Notes
bearing but four per cent., and the paper
money will always be the more valuable, and
command a premium in exchange for the coins.
The paper money will as certainly command a
premium above the- coins, as a ground rent at
six per cent, will command more than one at
four per cent. If this nation had a sufficient
quanity of specie for a currency, it would still
be necessary to have an institution similar to
the Safety Fund ; for the interest upon it could
only be kept regular by the establishment of. an
institution to make loans at a uniform rate of
interest wheuever good security was offered,
and to fund the specie whenever it was redun-
dant.
A government may obtain an immense power
over tbe property of the people by furnishing a
paper currency at six per cent, interest. Sup-
pose our government to establish a Safety
Fund, and make its paper money the only ten-
der in payment of debts. Let the Safety Fund
lend an amount equal to say $15 to each inhab-
itant for a population of 20,000,000, that is,
$300,000,060, and mouey would become plenty.
This sum lent on double its amount of landed
estate, would cover $600,000,000 worth of prop-
erty. If the government should leave the
principal outstanding during the regular pay-
ment of the interest, it would receive from the
interest, after deducting say $1,000,000 for the
expenses of the Safety Fund, an annual revenue
of $17,000,000. After a year' or two let the
Fund refuse to make farther loans, and yearly
collect its net gain of $17,000,00Dfor ten years,
i. e., $170,000,000, and the whole business of
the nation must be transacted with the remain-
ing $130,000,000. This would cause a great
sacrifice oi the mortgaged property and greatly
depress the price of other lands and products.
In six years more, the government would nol-
lect in 3102 000. QyM^dditional interest, thereby
^educinj^the currency to $28,000,000. The in-
terest for two years niore would amount to $34,-
000.000, but only $28,000,000 could .be paid,
because the whole amount of money would be
exhausted. By foreclosing its mortgages, tbe
government could buy the $600,000,000 worth
of property for the* $6,000,000 which would still
be due. Hence it is evident that the law has
power to make paper money control property as
effectually as gold and silver coins.
THE MONET MARKET
was stringent throughout the week, and toward the close
call loans ranged from 7 per cent, in currency to 7 per
cent in gold, and in some cases commissions 1*32,1-16
and % per cent, were added to the legal rate. The
weekly bank statement shows a decrease of $1,091,650
in loans, $702,719 in specie, $4,573,476 ip deposits, $2,-
089,973 in legal tenders and an increase of $39,353 in cir
culation.
Tie following table shows the changes in the New
York city banks this week compared with the preceding
week:
Dec. 19. Dec. 26. Differences.
Loans, $262,431,180 $261,842,530 Der. $1,091,650
Specie, 18,643,584 17,949,865 Dec. 702,719
Circnlation, 34,253,758 34,387,114 Inc. 33,356
Deposits, 183,097,228 178,603,752 Dec. 4,673,476
Legal-tenders, 50,796,132 43,706,160 Dec. 2,089,973
THE GOLD MARKET
closed qniel and steady.
The fluctuations in tne gold market for the week were
as follows :
Opening. Highest. Lowest. Closing.
Monday, Dec.-21,134% 135% 134% 135%
Tuesday, 22, 135% 136% 134% 135
Wednesday, 23, 135 135 134% 184%
Thursday, 24, 134% 135 134% 135
Friday, 25, Christmas
Saturday, 26, 134% 135 134% 134%
THE FOREIGN EXOHANGE MARKET
was dull at the close at 109)4 to 109% for prime bankers
60 days sterling bills, and 110% to 110% for sight.
the RAILWAY SHARE MARKET
was strong and buoyant at the close, especially in New
York Central and Rock Island.
The following are the closing quotations :
Canton, 48% to 49%; B. W. Power, 13% to 14 : Cum-
berland, 36 to 37 ; W., F. & Co., 25 to 25% j American,
38 to 43; Adams, 48% to 49;.U. Slates, 45 to 46;
IVlerchants Union, 15 to 16% ; Quicksilver, 21% to 21%;
Mariposa, 5% to 7 ; do. preferred, 19% to 20% ; Pacific
Mail, 119% to 119% ; W. U. Tel., 33% to 33% ; N.Y.
Central, 153% to 154 ; Erie, 39% to 39% ; do. pre-
ferred, 62 to 64 j Hudson River, 133 to 133% ; Reading,
98% to 98% ; Toledo & Wabash, 58% to 59; Toledo &
Wabash preferred, 70 to 74 ; Mil. & St., P. 67% to 68 ;
do. preferred, 85% to 86 ; Fort Wayne, 110% to 110% ;
Ohio & Miss., 32% to 32% ; Mich. Central, 113% to 116 ;
Mich. South, 88 to 88% ; 111. Central, 141 to 143 ; Clove.
& Pittsbtirg, 83% to 84% ; Cleve. & Toledo, 101 to 101)4 ;
Rock Island, 116% to 116% ; North West. 80% to 80% ;
do. preferred, 82% to 82%.
UNITED STATES SECURITIES
were strong and advanced towards the close.
Fisk & Hatch, 5 Nassau street, report the following
quotations :
United States sixes, Pacific Railroad, 99 to 99% ;
United States sixes, 1881, registered, 108% to 109 ;
United States sixes, coupon, 114% to 114% ; United
States five-twenties, registered, 105% to 105% ; United
States five-twenties, coupon, 1862, 110% to 110%;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1864,106% to 306% ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, 1865, 107% to 107% ;
United States five-twenties, coupon, new, 1865, 110% to
110%; United States five-twenties, coupon, 1867, 110%
to 110% ; United States five-twenties coupon, 1868,
110% to 110%; United States ten-forties, registered,
102 to 102%; United States ten-forties, coupon, 105%
to 105)4.
THE CUSTOM DUTIES
for the week were $1,249,000 in gold against $1,564,484,
$1,490,000 and $1,631,000 for the preceding weeks. The
imports of merchandise for the week were $3,875,806
ingold against $1,792,245, $3,036,600, and $4,889,237 for
the preoeding weeks. The exports, exclusive of specie,
for the week were $34336,000 in currency against $3,202,-
177, $4,020,901, and $4,260.,207 ior 'fne'precedmg weeks.
The exports of specie were $608,790 against $272,545,
$493,320, and $230,432 for the preceding weeks.
I Prat that God will bless you io your noble work;
and that woman may soon be admitted to her proper
place, where God intended she should be, and from
which to exclude her must, like any other great wrong*
bring sorrow and misery to the race.Major-General
Rufus Saxton.
apa
I^UNSONS
MERCANTILE LIBRARY CLASSES
IN
PHONOGRAPHY.
A new Elementary Class in Phonography will be opened
at room 14, Clinton Hal), Astor Place, New York,' on
Monday evening, January 11th, 1869, at 8 o'clock.
Terms, for course of twenty lessons, $10 in advance.
Gentlemen are admitted on tbe same terms as ladies.
For particulars apply at the office of J. E. Munson, No.
117 Nassau street, New York, or at the Library.
rjIHREE SEWING MACHINES IN ONE
FOR TEN DOLLARS.
The Bruen Cloth Plate enables the Wheeler & Wilson
Machine to make three different stitches, and to Em-
broider beautifully. Jt will make a stack that can be
aveled, or one that cannot be raveled, as maybe re-
quired. It will make a plain stick that is ornamental.
It will sew from two ordinary spor.ls of cotton or silk,
without rewinding or filling bobbins .
BRUEN MANUFAOTt BING CO.,
6ii9Bt< dway, New rk.
fl$*Lady Agents Wanted.
TI/TISS CATHERINE TELLER, BROCK-
-LYJL PORT, N. Y., Translator of German into English.
Essays, books, advertisements translated accurately.
Address as above.



The Revolution;
THE 0&GAN OF THE
fWATJONAL PARTY OF NEW AMERICA.
PRINCIPLE, NOT POLICYINDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND
RESPONSIBILITIES.

THE REVOLUTION WILL DISCUSS:
1. In Politics Universal Suffrage; Equal Pay lo
Women for Equal Wort; Eight Hours Labor; Aboli-
tion oi Standing Armies aud Party Despotisms. Down
i
\ \ with PoliticiansUp with the People!
\ i
\ \
\ \ 2. In ReligionDeeper Thought; Broader Idoas ;
\s^ience not Superstition.
\\
\A In Social Life.Practical Education, not Theo-
retell; Fact, not Fiction; Virtue, not Vice; Cold-Water,
not Alcoholic Drinks or Medicines. Devoted to Moral-
ty aM Reform, The Revolution will not insert Grose
Per6orlplifcies and Quack Advertisements.
V'
d. I^VinanCe. A new Commercial and Financial
Policy. America no longer led by Europe. Gold, like
our Cottdh and Corn, for sale* Greenbacks for money.
An American System of Finance. American Products
and Labor Free. Open doors to Artisans and Immi-
grants. Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for American Steam-
ships aud Shipping; or American goodjytn American bot-
toms. New York the Financial Centre offljtiBkjWorldj
Wall Street emancipated England, oriAmc-,
rioau Cash for American Bills. The Credit Foncier and
Credit MobiRer System, or Capital Mobilized to Re-
suscitate the South aud our Mining Interests, and to
People the Country from Ocean to Ocean, from Omaha
io San Francisco. More organized Labor, more Cotton,
mora Gold and Silver Bullion to sell foreigners at the
highest prices. Ten millions of Naturalized Citizens
Demand a Pennt Ocean Postage, to Strengthen the
Brotherhood of Labor, and keep bright the chain of
riendahip between them and their Fatherland.
Terms.Two dollars a year, in advance. Five name;
$10) entitle the sender to one copy free.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, ) E /
PARKER PILLSBURY, f /
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor:
37 Park Row {Room 20), New York City
To whom address all business letters.
fJlHE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN :
A CYCLOPEDIA OF WOMANS WORK.
BY VIRGINIA PENNY.
12mo. 500 pages. $1.50.
This work contains five hundred and thirty-three arii
cles, over five hundred of which are descriptions oi the
occupations in which women are or may be engaged ;
the effect of -such on the health ; the rate of wages paid
for those carried on in the United States ; a comparison
in the price of male and female labor ol the same kind ;
the length of time required to learn the business fully,
and the time required to learn the part done by women ;
whether women are paid while learning ; the qualifica-
tions needed ; the prospect of future employment in
each branch ; and much other valuable information oi
like character. In addition are articles on usual employ-
ments ia England, France, the United States, and other
countries; minor employments in the United States,
England and France.
Sent free by mail, on receipt o f price.
w
INTER
LOTHING.
C
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS.
Every Novelty of Style and Material.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Overcoats, Business and Dress Suits.
pLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
\.J Boys and Youths Suits and Overcoats.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Fine Piece Goods for Orders to Measure.
CLOTHING at FREEMAN & BURRS
Cardigan Jackets and Furnishing Goods.
SELF-MEASUREMENT at FREEMAN &
BURRS.
NEW RULES for SELF-MEASUREMENT enable
GENTLEMEN in any part of the country to order
their CLOTHING direct from us, with the certainty
of receiving PERFECT FITTING garments.
Rules and Price Lift mailed tree on application.
FREEMAN & BURRS Clothing Warehouse,
No. 124 FULTON and No. 9D NASSAU STS., N. Y.
THE COMMUNIST
Published monthly, by the Reunion Community,
now successfully established in Southwest Missouri
advocates common property, co-operative labor and
unitary homes. Fifty cents per year. Specimen copies
sent free. Address......--------
ALCANDER LONGLEY, .
Si6 Chestnut street, S Louis, Mo.
T
S
UNION PACIFIC IS AIL lib AD
. RUNNING WEST FROM O.MAHA
" . I
ACROSS THE CONTINENT,
s '
>,
ARE NOW FINISHED, AND
WHOLE GRAND LINE TO THE'^ACIFIC
v>
WILL SOON BE COMPLETED.
i tab
The meane provided for construction ta*amplc, and
there is no lack of funds for the most vigom\s prosecu-
tion of the enterprise. The Companys sros^Mortgage
bonds, payable, principal and interest infold, are
now offered at 102. They pay
SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD,
and have thirty years to run before maturing Sub-
scription will be received in New York, at the COM-
PANYS OFICE, No.,20 Nassau street, and by JOB?} J.
CISCO & SON, Bankers, No. 59 Wall street, and hy\the
Companys Advertised Agents throughout the URikd
States.
A PAMPHLET AND MAP for 1868. showing the Pro-
gress of the Work, Resources for Construction and Value
of Bonds, may be obtained at the Company's Offices, or
of its advertised Agents, or will be send free by mail on(
application.
JOHN J. CISCO, Treasurer, New York.
Nov. 1st, 1868. 19 22
0
UR YOUNG FOLKS FOR 1869.
BENEDICT BROTHERS,
JEWELERS,
No. 691 BROADWAY,
Between Amity and Fourth Sts.,
Sole Agents for the Reroontoir Church Clocks. Also
Agents for^tbe American Waltham Watches, Very low
price. Send for price list.
* ^ THE BENEDICT'S TIME WATCH,
Having proved an exact time-keeper, we confidently re-
commend it to those wishing to keep the correct time,
and in order to introduce it throughout the country, we
offer to send it free of express charges at the following
prices : 4 grades, $12% $180, $24d, $300, in 18 carat gold
cases. Reference; The Industrial American. Address
BENEDICT, BROTHERS, Jewelers,
;
The following are seme of the principal features oi
OUR YOUNG FOLKS FOR I860 :
THE STORY OF A BAD BOY. By T. B. Aldrich.
One of the Brightest and most entertaining stories
ever written fov.youthful readers.
GARDENING FOR GIRLS. By the Author of Six
Hundred Dollars a Year.
HOW TO DO IT. By Edward Everett Hale. A
series of articles for young folkssuggesting How to
Talk ; How to Read ; How to Write ; How to Travel ;
How to Act in Society, and How to Work,
THE WORLD WE LIVE ON. A valuable series of ar
tides, by Mrs. Prof. Agasstz, telling about Coral Is-
lands, Coal Deposits, Earthquakes, etc.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE GREAT NAVI
GATORS, VOYAGERS, AND DISCOVERERS. By
James Parton.
AMERICAN HISTORY. By J. H. A. Bone. Articles o
great interest and value on The Mound Builders o
the West. The First New England Thanksgiving.
Salem Witchcraft. King Philips War. Pere
Merquette and the Mississippi Explorations.
GLASS-MAKING, COAL-MINING, S HIP- BUIXDIN G,
WATCH-MAKING, and other attractive Branches o
Industry. By. J. T. Trowbridge,
NATURE AND DUT-DOOB LIFE?^^^fe^uthor o
The Seven Little Sisters, also by W. F. G. SHa§i£A
and Charles J. Foster. :
DECLAMATIONS. By Rev. Elijah Kellogg.
NUMEROUS FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS. By the
beri Artists.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
Single insertion, per line......................20 cents.
One Months insertion, per line.................18 cents.
Three Months insertion, per line...............16 cents.
Orders addressed to
SUSAN B. ANTHONY, Proprietor,
37 Pork Row, New York.
"THE REVOLUTION '
may be had of the American News Company, New
York ; /-Western News Company. Chicago; Missouri Book
nd News Company. St Tonis, Mo., and of the large
v-swb Dealers .throughout the country.
R. J. JOHNSTON, Publisher
691 BROADWAY.
rji H E REP (j ij aj i C7
ORGAN OF THE GRAND ARMY.
AN 8-PAGE 40 COLUMN WEEKLY PAPER
From now to the 8th of November for 50 cents. Yearly
subscription, $2.26.
A fine 16x20 Lithograph of the
COANDER-IN-CH1EF OF THE G, A. B.
given to each yearly subscriber.
CAMPBELL Sc KARR,
EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS,
CINCINNATI, OHIO.
REGULAR OR OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS from
Mb$. Stowe, Mrs. Diaz, Miss Mulock, Mrs. Whit-
ney, Mbs. Au5t.n, Miss Phelps, Sophi^JHay, Mrs
Wells, Mss. Thaxteb, Aunt Fanny, Mrs. Weiss
Miss Prescott, and other popular wri tors.
TERMS : $2 a year in advance ; 3 copies, $5 ; 5
copies, $8; 10 copies, $16. Atlantic Monthly and
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*** A copy of Our Young Folks for 1869 will be
Bent gratis to any person who will aot as Agent for the
Magazine and procure a Club for 11. Specimen Copy,
Premium List, Circulars, etc., sent free on application
FIELDS, OSGOOD & CO., Publishers, Bolton.
(Successors to TicKNOB & Fields.)
ANTEDMale and Female Agents for
the Connecticut Mutual Benefit Company
Apply at Branch Office, No. 486 Broadwy, Cor. Broome
street, N, Y.




* volution.

-sr/rb,
e;;{:*
:he first prize
.? - ...
- AT THE
GREAT FAIR OJ/ THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE,
In'rifew York, Oct 26, 1867,
* and Highest premium tor
BEST- M/^UFACTURING MACHINE
f -
BASIS EXPOSITION, JULY, 1867.
EMPIRE SEWING MACHINE CO.,
294 Bowery, New York,
Between Houston and Bleecker streets.
H
OtfE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
/
258 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
A^/ET6, TWO MILLION DOLLARS. 10,000 MEMBERS.
Tiis Company does not present greater advantages
to its Policy-Holders* than'any other Company in the
chantry." Bat ior every feature which an intelligent
eid careful man would desire to examine beiore
goosing a company to be tbe depository of the fund
Resigned ior his loved ones when he has left, the HOME
will compare favorably with any other. .
because :
Its Directors are among the first men tor character and
wealth in the country.
Its assets are as large, compared with actual liabilities,
as the oldest and beet company in existence.
Its membership is as carefully selected as that of any
company.
It is a mutual company, with the important addition
that its directors are eNpersonaUy interested in its affairs,
and it treats all its members with EQUAL JUSTICE
AND LIBERALITY.
Its Policies are' all non-forfeiting in the best practi-'
, cable sense. r
Its assured are noj, confined to certain degrees of long-
titude, but are free to. travel and reside where they
please.
Its profits or* surplus earnings are carefully ^ascer-f
ained annually, and DIVIDED to its members ih exact
proportion to their contributions thereto. i
Ite-members are never required to pay more tb an two
thirds bf the premium, the balance remaining as a per-
manent loau (without notes) to be paid.by tbe dividends.
Its funds are kept securely invested in tne most unex'*
ceptionable and reliable form.
Its expenses are as LOW as the real interest of its
members will permit; not one dollar is expended reck-
lessly.
It pays every honest claim on its funds with the ut-
most promptitude.
It resists every attempt to rob its members by dis-
honest claims, agmutt&ailing pretences.
Tor furtb^rLBSB^Yfee Pamphlet and Circular, which
|^|ent by mail to any address if requested. ,
d$-
.OFF.IOEHS: .
WALTER S. GRIFFITH, President.
GEORGE C. RIPLEY, Secretary.
ISAAC FROTHINGHAM, Treasurer.
WILLIAM J.,COFFIN, Cashier. 18. ly.
Metropolitan savings bank,
New Marble Fire-proof Banking House, Nos. 1
and 3 Third Avenue, New York, opxiosite Cooper Insti-
tute.
SIX PER CENT. INTEREST PAID ON ALL SUMS
FROM $5 TO $5,000.
One dollar received on deposit.1
Interest oothmeiicing in January, April, July, and
October, aqft moneys deposited cn or before the 20th of
these monfns draw interest from the 1st of the same.
'* ISAAC T. SMITH, President.
T. W. LILLIE, Secretary. *
^JHEAP PRINTING,
33 Beekman St top float
RTANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN LIFE JNSUR-
N ANCE.
MUTUAL; LIFE
The homceopathic
^ INSURANCE CO.,
No. 231 Broadway, New York, -
Insures lives upon Homoeopathic, Allopathic, dr Eclectic
principles, and upon any plan or method adopted- by any
responsible company,except the high rates ofpremiuih.
Its terms of insurance (upon either tbe stock dr noh-
participating, or the mutual plan with annual dividends
of profits) are less than those of any other company,
Slate or National.
No extra charge on account of employment or travel-
ling, the assured being required only ia such cases to
advise the company of change of business of location,
when the same is particularly hazardous. '
ALL POLICIES NON FORFEITABLE.
CAPITAL, PREMIUMS, AND DIVIDENDS ALL CASH. .
This Company, in addition to the blessings and bene-'
fits which flow irom Life Insurance, has another,1and,
we trust, a higher object, viz., the vindication of a cause,,
the cause of medical independence and liberty, against
medical intolerance and dogmatism. Hi this we know
we have the sympathy of aUintelligent and independent
men and women, and ask that this sympathy be put ipto
practical form, by insuring in the only purely Homeo-
pathic Company in the Atlantic States.
Women taken at the same rates as men;
All contemplating life insurance will further tbeir own
interests by securing a policy in tbe Homceopathic Mu-
tual oi New York.
Our rates are the lowest, and our responsibility un-
doubted.
Send for Circulars and Tables.
D. D. T. MARSHALL, President,
JAMES CUSHING, Jr., V. Pres.
ELIZUR WRIGHT, Actuary.
EDW. A. STANSBURY, Secretary.
A. HALSEY PLUMMER, Ass't. 8ecy.
STEWaRT L. WOODFORD, Counsel.
1 } Medical Examiners.)
At office dally from 12 M. to 2 P.M.
Agents and Solicitors wanted.
GENERAL AGENTS.
Dr. John Turner, 725,Tremont street, Boston.
Rpwei-r. & -v,^V33_*.mtx_'<> New Jersey.
Charles 0. Wightman, Bristol, Conn. ,
A. M. Ward, 220 Chapel street, New Haven. _________
S. H. Stafford, Marietta, Ohio, for the StateWHHo1
and West Vir£ _______
Washington;
' street.
P. H. Eaton, 343
d&D. W. Phillip
IS&BN Xft
States '
ItoviNGi Van' Wart, Jr.,
Coun^es of Massachusetts.
.D. E. & a. W. Smith, Concord, for N. H.
>rth Western
ior four Western
H
ENBY B. STANTON,
AND
HENRY STANTON,
ATTORNEYS AND'fcOUNSELLORS AT LAW,
62 CEDAR STREET,
Notart Public, New Yore.
WILLIAM GARDNER, TREASURE CITY
P. O., White Pine District, Lander Co.,; Nevada,.
offers his services to giVfc'rpliahle information ifi relation
to the Mineral Resource! of this district. V-
Correspondence is respeotl'ully solicited for the pur-
chaseAnd sale of mining property.
Samples of the ore can be seen at the office of The
Revolution. ______* _______________________
DR. A. SMITHS 'WATER CURE.
The Hygeian Home is situated on the eastern slope
of Cushion Mouutain, in a mild climate, with pure ati,
soft water, dry walks, grand scenerv, and all tbe home
comforts to make life happy. The cure is easy of-access
by railroad. Come either to Reacting, Pa., or Harrisburg,
thence to Wernersville, on Lebanon Fahey Railroad.
Address all letters to A. SMITH, .M.D.,
Wernersville, Berks Co.. Pa.
B
LANK BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
FRANCIS & LOUTREL,
45 Maiden Lane.
All kinds of first-class Account Boosts, Paper and Sta-
tionery for business, professional and private.use. at
moderate prices. Job Printing, Engraving, Lit.ho
graphic Work and Book Binding of every style.
Please call or send your orders.
E
XIT OF CALIBAN AND SHYLOCK;
A tale of captive lady, knight, tourney and cru-
sade.
Tt treats Catholicism, Universalism, Socialism, Swe?
denborgianism, Spiritualism, Woman's Rights andFree-
Divorce aecaudidiy as Hepworth Dixon or Parton.
Treats of the' Woman Question in more aspects than
any other work of its size.Revolution, Oct. 8.
Singularly profound, and crammed full: of thoughts.
Affords volumes of suggesfcions.-^Banner ol'Light
One of the most astonishing and. mysterious Rooks
overissued. Bold sometimes brilliant.Pbfla. City {tom.
Lirge 8 vo. 75 cents, postpaid. American News Co.,
New York ; A. Winch, Phils.; N. E. News Co., Boston.
(See advertisement Oct. 8.1 15 17
---- :------------:-----------^:-----1---
OUT MONMOUTH,
NEW JERSEY,
- ON THE SEA SHORE, '
ONE HOUR FROM NEW YORK. *
.Bathing, Boating, Fishing. Village Lots, suitable for
any kind of manufacturing business requiring water
froijfs, and frequent communication with the city, for
sale cheap to capitalists for an investment, or on easy
terms for improvement. -
' Also for sale, farms in different states, and unimproved
land, in large or small tracts, in New Jersey and South-
ern and Western Stages.
luquire of B. FRANKLIN CLARK, 1 Park Place, New /
York. * . j
D
R. TRALLS HEALTH INSTITUTE,
v
FLORENCE HEIGHTS, hi. J.
Embraces a Hospital Department for invalids ; a College
Department for the Medical education of men and \fo-
men (both are admitted; on equal terms), and a Hygienic
Family Boarding-School for Boys and Girls. City O.ice
No. 95 Sixth,*NeAv. Y. Send stamp tor Circulars./.
JpRINTING AND STEREOTYPING,
BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND JOB WORK j
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. '7
EVERY FACILITY FOR QUALITY AND DESPATCH.
EDWARD O. JENKINS, j
20 North William st>betf= y.
18-iy Ne'vYorb. 1
ce, givhs special attention w all
liseasca of wome'q, and to tbe datie^of an tiC'.ouc^Wse.
J^INDENMEYR & BROTHER,
PAPER WAREHOUSE,

No. 15 Beekman St., New York. .
ALL KINDS AND SIZES OF PAPEB MADE TO ORDER.
BENEDICTS TIME TABLE for this month
has every train, station, steamboat, and landiug
City Map $ent by mail, 25 cents.
BENEDICT BROTHERS, Jewelers,
__ 691 Broadway, N. Y.
Rich and racy reading ; scienti-
fic, LITERARY ; ALL FOR THE FAMILY.
THE PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL for December con-
tains Henri Rochefort, Editor of the Paris Lantern; D/', .
F. Williamson-, Frau Marie Simon, her work on the
battle-field; Archbishop Manning ; Rev. Dr. Stockton y
Phrenology in tbe School-room ; the. Human Body;
Earning a Wife; Inhabitants of Brazil; Do as others^-,
do ; Miraculous Healing ; Kelicion and Nature ; Pf(i^.'
gress in Co-operation ; Tbo Mink. The 19th Volume
commences best number. Terms, $3a_ y.car, Newsmen
have it. A d dress S. R. WELLS, No, 389 Broadway, New
York. / 21-3
THE STATE LEAGUE, A POLITICAL
Temperance Journal18th Volume$2 per year
less to Clubs. Forty columns, eight pages. Every
father should provide his boys with this radical sheet-;
Clubs desired. Write us.
CARSON & GARDNER,
Syracuse, N. Y.
MRS. J. B. JONES, M.D., physician,
Surgeon and Accoucheur, 18b Newark Avenue/
Jersey City. Office hours, from 8 to 10 a.m. attti Vafins
P.m.
Special attention to female disosea, - jft) Jty .