Citation
Undergraduate and graduate catalog

Material Information

Title:
Undergraduate and graduate catalog
Cover title:
Catalog of undergraduate and graduate studies
Cover title:
Undergraduate and graduate studies
Creator:
University of Colorado at Denver
Place of Publication:
Denver, Colo
Publisher:
University of Colorado at Denver
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
32 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Universities and colleges -- Curricula -- Catalogs -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Education -- Curricula ( fast )
Universities and colleges -- Curricula ( fast )
Universities and colleges -- Graduate work ( fast )
Colorado -- Denver ( fast )
Genre:
Catalogs. ( fast )
Catalogs ( fast )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title varies: 1987-88, Catalog of undergraduate and graduate studies; 1988-89, Undergraduate and graduate studies.
Statement of Responsibility:
University of Colorado at Denver.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
19093218 ( OCLC )
ocm19093218
Classification:
LD1192 .A2 ( lcc )

Related Items

Succeeded by:
University of Colorado Denver Downtown Campus catalog

Auraria Membership

Aggregations:
Auraria Library

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Full Text
Uniuersity of Colorado Bolletin


AURARIA library
U1A701 ^561770
CONTENTS
General Information ..................................................... 1
Admission Policies and Procedures....................................... 2
Tuition and Fees........................................................ 7
Financial Aid........................................................... 8
Registration........................................................... 11
Academic Policies...................................................... 12
Student Services....................................................... 15
Academic Programs...................................................... 16
Reserve Officer Training Programs...................................... 17
Administration Officers................................................ 19
College of Business and Administration
and Graduate School of Business Administration......................... 21
School of Education..................................................... 34
College of Engineering and Applied Science.............................. 36
College of Environmental Design......................................... 56
Graduate School......................................................... 64
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences ................................... 82
Division of Arts and Humanities ....................................... 94
Division of Natural and Physical Sciences............................. 100
Division of Social Sciences........................................... 104
College of Music....................................................... 108
Graduate School of Public Affairs...................................... 110
Course Descriptions................................................... 121
Faculty................................................................ 185
Index ................................................................. 195
University of Colorado Bulletin. (USPS 651-060) 262 Stadium Building, Campus Box 384,
Boulder, Colorado 80309. Volume LXXXI, No. 6, February 20, 1981, General Series No. 2040. Published three times monthly by the University of Colorado. Second class postage paid at Boulder, Colorado.


Uniuersity of Colorado at Denuer llOO Fourteenth Street
Deooer, Colorado 80202 Telephone - 303/
SECOND CLASS POSTAGE PAID
AT THE POST OFFICE BOULDER, CO 80302
Colleges and Schools
Business and Administration
Graduate School of Business Administration
Education
Engineering and Applied Science Enuironmental Design Graduate School Liberal Arts and Sciences music
Public Affairs


West Colfax Avenue
Building Code
Auraria Business Services AB East Classroom EC Science SC Parking
(Old Warehouse) Arts Emmanuel Gallery Learning Resource Center EG LR South Classroom (formerly CCD Administration) SO
AR

Book Center BC Ninth Street Park NP St. Cajetans SA

Bromley BR Physical Education PE Student Center ST
Central Classroom CN Physical Plant PP Technology TE
(formerly MSC Administration] Public Safety & Parking PS UCD Administration UA
Child Care Center CC Rectory Office Building RO West Classroom WC
Child Development CD (formerly Education Bldg)




ACADEMIC CALENDAR1
Summer 19812
June 4, 5 June 8 July 3 August 14
Registration.
First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End of term.
Spring 19822
January 18-22 January 25 March 22-26 May 14 May 15
Registration.
First day of classes.
Spring vacation (no classes). End of semester. Commencement.
Fall 19812
August 24-28 August 31 September 7 November 26, 27
December 16
Registration.
First day of classes.
Holiday (no classes).
Thanksgiving holidays (no classes).
End of semester.
Summer 19822
June 3, 4 June 7 July 5 August 13
Registration.
First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End of term.
'The University reserves the right to alter the Academic Calendar at any time. ’Consult the Schedule of Courses for application deadline dates, deadlines for changing programs (dropping and adding classes) and procedure for registration.


DEGREE PROGRAMS AT A GLANCE1
BUSINESS
EDUCATION
ENGINEERING
ENVIRONMENTAL
DESIGN
HUMANITIES
MUSIC
NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
PUBLIC AFFAIRS SOCIAL SCIENCES
'Courses in many other undergraduate and | sity of Colorado at Boulder. UCD also offers associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medi< therapy, and veterinary medicine).
Baccalaureate Programs
B.S. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, information systems, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, transportation and traffic management
rehabilitation services, teacher certification program
civil engineering, civil engineering and business, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and business, electrical engineering and computer science, electrical engineering and computer science and business, applied mathematics, applied mathematics and business, mechanical engineering, mechanical engineering and business
offered only at Boulder
communication and theatre, creative arts, English, fine arts, French, German, philosophy, Spanish, writing program
music
biology, chemistry, geography, geology, mathematics, physics, population dynamics, psychology
anthropology, economics, ethnic studies, history, political science, sociology, urban studies
Master’s Programs
M.B.A. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, transportation and traffic management
M.S.: accounting, finance, management science, marketing, management and organization
administration and supervision, early childhood education, educational psychology, elementary education, foundations, guidance and counseling, initial certification program, library media, reading, secondary education
applied mathematics, civil engineering, electrical engineering, engineering, environmental science, mechanical engineering
architecture, architecture in urban design, interior design-interior architecture and space planning-transportation design, landscape architecture, planning and community development
communication and theatre, English, humanities
basic science, biology, chemistry, environmental science, geography, mathematics, psychology
criminal justice, public administration, urban affairs (also, doctorate in public administration)
anthropology, economics, history, political science, social science, sociology
p-aduate areas are offered at UCD, but degrees must be completed at the Univer-preprofessional programs in law, journalism, and the health careers (child health :al technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical


UNDERGRADUATE AND SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION INFORMATION12
Type of Applicant Criteria for Admission Required Credentials When lo Apply Notes
FRESHMAN IN GENERAL: (Students seeking a bachelor's a) Rank in upper half of high school degree who have never at- graduating class, tended a collegiate in- b) Have 15 units of acceptable high stitution) school work. c) Test scores: ACT comp: 23 or SAT comb: 1000 Nolo: Business and Engineering applicants are expected to have higher Complete application $10 application fee Official high school transcript showing rank-in-class, date of graduation. 7th semester grades, 8th semester courses Official ACT or SAT score report. test scores and class rank. Not later than: Aug. 1 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 1 for summer Seniors who meet or exceed all admission criteria may apply as early as Oct. 1 for following fall. For specific requirements refer to the college sections of this bulletin. For example. Music requires an audition.
TRANSFER (Students seeking a bachelor’s degree who have attended a collegiate institution other than CU) IN GENERAL: Must be in good standing and eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Applicants must have a minimum 2.0 GPA on all work attempted. Business and Engineering applicants will be required to have a higher GPA. Complete application $10 application fee Two official transcripts sent from each college attended Not later than: Aug. 1 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 1 for summer Transfers to the School of Education consult that section for additional requirements. Liberal arts and music transfers with less than 12 sem. hrs. of college work (business and engineering transfers with less than 24 sem. hrs.) must also submit all freshman credentials.
SPECIAL (Students who are not seeking a degree at this institution) Must be at least 21 years old (except in summer). Must be high school graduate. Complete application Not later than: Aug. 1 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 1 for summer Application will also be accepted at registration if space allows. Graduate special students see Graduate School section for additional information.
RETURNING CU STUDENT (Returning special students, returning degree students who have not attended another institution since CU) Must be in good standing Former student application Same as for special students Studenls under academic suspension in certain schools or colleges at the University of Colorado may enroll during the summer terms as a means of improving their grade-point averages.
RETURNING CU STUDENT (Returning degree students who have attempted 12 or more hours at another institution since attending CU) Same as for transfers Complete application $10 application fee Two official transcripts from each intervening college Same as for transfers
CHANGE OF STATUS: SPECIAL TO DEGREE (Former CU special students who wish to enter a degree program) Same as for transfers Same as for transfers Plus CU transcript Same as for Iransfers
CHANGE OF STATUS: DEGREE TO SPECIAL (Former CU degree students who have graduated and wish to take additional work) Must have completed degree. Special student application Same as for special students Only students who have completed and received degrees are eligible to change to special status.
INTERCAMPUS TRANSFER (Students who have been enrolled on one CU campus and wish to take courses on another) Must be in good standing Former student application Transfer to Denver: same as for specials Transfer from Denver: refer to appropriate bulletin. Transfers from Denver to another campus of CU should refer to appropriate bulletin for additional requirements.
INTRAUNIVERSITY TRANSFER (Students who wish to change from one CU college to another, e.g„ from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to the College of Business) Same as for transfers Intrauniversity transfer application CU transcript Same as for transfers
’Applications will be accepted only as long as openings remain. 'Requirements for individual schools or colleges may vary.


General Information
THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER: AN URBAN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS
The University of Colorado at Denver (UCD) is an urban, nonresidential campus located in downtown Denver. The campus is easily accessible to commuters from a four-county area and is close to major business and government offices in downtown Denver, as well as to civic and cultural centers. UCD is one of the largest state-supported institutions of higher education in Colorado in terms of enrollment, with an average of 9,100 (approximately 4,760 FTE—full-time equivalent—students) enrolled during a semester.
The UCD Administration Building is located at 1100 Fourteenth Street. UCD shares library, laboratory, classroom, and recreation facilities with two other metropolitan institutions on a single campus, the Auraria Higher Education Center.
Academic Programs
UCD is committed to meeting the needs of the metropolitan Denver community. Academic, public service, and research activities are geared to the needs of the urban population and environment, encompassing both traditional and nontraditional fields of study. Students enrolled at UCD can earn undergraduate degrees in 35 fields and graduate degrees in nearly 50 fields. The colleges and schools at UCD are:
College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration
School of Education
College of Engineering and Applied Science*-
College of Environmental Design
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
College of Music
Graduate School
Graduate School of Public Affairs
The undergraduate colleges admit freshmen and offer programs leading to the baccalaureate degree in the arts, sciences, humanities, business, engineering, and music. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences also provides preprofessional training in the fields of education, law, journalism, and the health sciences. The School of Education offers programs leading to teacher certification to students with two years of college work. The Graduate School offers master’s programs in the arts, sciences, humanities, engineering, business, education, and music to students with
baccalaureate degrees. The College of Environmental Design, the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs provide programs leading to the master’s degree in their specialized areas. The Graduate School of Public Affairs also offers a doctorate in public administration.
Students
Highly motivated people from all walks of life make up UCD’s student body. The diversity of backgrounds, interests, occupations, and ages stimulates a unique learning experience for the men and women enrolled at UCD. Students range in age from 16 to 70. Approximately 84% of the students hold full-time or part-time jobs and 38% are enrolled at the graduate level. In order to give students maximum flexibility in planning both educational and employment goals, more than half of the courses are offered during the evening hours. Students may begin studies in most areas at the beginning of the fall or spring semester, or the summer term.
Faculty and Accreditation
More than 240 highly qualified faculty members teach full time at UCD; most have doctoral degrees. The faculty is alert to the challenges of the urban environment and responsive to the needs of the commuter student. UCD is accredited by or holds membership in the following organizations:
ACCREDITATION
North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools
National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education
National Architectural Accrediting Board
Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology
National Association of Schools of Music MEMBERSHIP
Association of Urban Universities
American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business
Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning
Council of University Institutes for Urban Affairs
National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration


2 / University of Colorado at Denver
University of Colorado System
UCD is one of four campuses of the University of Colorado. The University was founded in Boulder in 1876, and the University of Colorado at Boulder now serves over 20,000 students enrolled in undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. The Health Sciences Center in Denver provides education and training to medical, dental, nursing, and allied health personnel. The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs serves over 4,500 students in the Pikes Peak region, offering undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. UCD’s special role within the University system is to provide urban-oriented educational programs for students in the Denver metropolitan area.
Students have access to the library resources of all campuses and cultural events sponsored within the University system.
The official transcript of any student who first enrolled in the spring semester 1978 or afterwards and who graduates from an undergraduate program operated solely by UCD will indicate that the degree was conferred at Denver. At present the only undergraduate program operated solely by UCD is the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Auraria Higher Education Center
The Auraria Higher Education Center is the site for the University of Colorado at Denver, Metropolitan State College, and the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver. The three institutions share library, classroom, and related facilities on the Auraria campus, a 168-acre site in downtown Denver. Certain courses and programs are cooperatively offered.
The Auraria campus includes administrative and classroom buildings, the Learning Resources Center, the student center, book center, child care and development centers, the physical education building, science building, and service buildings.
The new buildings share the campus with reminders of Denver’s past—historic Ninth Street Park, churches, and the Tivoli brewery built in 1882.
Auraria Libraries: Resources and Services
Auraria Libraries has more than 628,000 volumes of books, microforms, and bound journals, and over 1,700 current periodical and newspaper subscriptions. Housed in the Learning Resources Center, the main library offers seating for about 2,000 people and over
130,000 useable square feet.
Services offered by the libraries include fully automated circulation of materials and computerized bibliographic searches. To aquaint new students with library resources and services, Auraria Libraries provides group and individual orientation sessions.
Auraria Libraries resources include books, reserve and reference materials, microforms, journals, records, slides, tapes, and other media in various formats. Microform equipment and listening/viewing
facilities are provided. Students and faculty may use library rooms for individual study, group conferences, and typing.
Strong subject collections at Auraria Libraries are in the fields of public administration, urban studies, and criminal justice. The main library’s collection is supplemented by the Environmental Design Branch Library and the Vocational Technical (Vo-Tech) Branch Library. As a member of the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries, Auraria Libraries has access to an additional 6,000,000 volumes.
Equal Opportunity
The University of Colorado at Denver follows a policy of equal opportunity in education and in employment.
In pursuance of this policy, no UCD department, unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed, color, age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees.
The institution’s educational programs, activities, and services offered to students and/or employees are administered on a nondscriminatory basis subject to the provisions of Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of
1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of
1973.
A UCD Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Program has been established to implement this policy. For information about these provisions on equity, discrimination, or fairness, consult the Affirmative Action Director or the Section 504 Coordinator at UCD.
I. ADMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
All questions and correspondence regarding admission to UCD and requests for application forms should be directed to:
Office of Admissions and Records University of Colorado at Denver 1100 Fourteenth Street Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 629-2660
General Policies
UCD seeks to identify applicants who are likely to complete an academic program successfully. Admission decisions are based on many factors, the most important being:
1. Level of previous academic performance.
2. Evidence of scholarly ability and accomplishment, as indicated by scores on national aptitude tests.


General Information / 3
3. Maturity, motivation, and potential for academic growth.
UCD reserves the right to deny admission to new applicants or readmission to former students whose total credentials indicate an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University in order to carry out its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution.
Admission of Undergraduate Degree Students
APPLICATION DEADLINES
Undergraduate Fall Spring Summer
Students 1981 1982 1982
New Students Aug. 1 Dec. 1 May 1
Transfer Students Aug. 1 Dec. 1 May 1
International Students June 1 Oct. 1 Mar. 1
Former University of Colorado Students Aug. 1 Dec. 1 May 1
Intrauniversity
Transfer Students 60 days prior to the beginning of the term
The University reserves the right to change application deadlines in accordance with enrollment demands, and applicants should apply as early as possible. Updated information is available from the Office of Admissions and Records, (303) 629-2660. All documents required for admission must be received by the Office of Admissions and Records by the deadline for an applicant to be considered for the term desired. Applicants who are unable to meet the deadline may elect to have admission consideration made for a later term. Transfer students are reminded that sufficient time should be allowed to have transcripts sent from institutions attended previously, and foreign students are advised that it usually takes 120 days for credentials to reach the Office of Admissions and Records from international locations.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR FRESHMEN
New freshmen may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music.
1. General Requirements. The applicant must be a high school graduate or have been awarded a High School Equivalency Certificate by completing the General Education Development (GED) Test. Applicants with a High School Equivalency Certificate must have an average standard score of 45 with no one score below 36 on each section of the GED test to be considered for admission. Applicants who have completed the Spanish Language General Educational Development Test must also submit scores from Test VI, “English as a Second Language.”
Applicants should have completed 15 units of acceptable secondary school (grades 9-12) credit. A unit of credit is one year of high school course work. While the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences does not specify particular units, the other undergraduate colleges have the following requirements:
College of Business and Administration
English...................................................... 3
Mathematics.................................................. 3
Natural sciences (laboratory type) .......................... 2
Social sciences (including history) ......................... 2
Electives ................................................... 5
(Such as foreign languages and additional academic
courses. May include up to 2 units in business areas.) ___
Total 15
College of Engineering and Applied Science'
English (literature, composition, grammar)................... 4
Mathematics distributed as follows:
Algebra................................................... 2
Geometry.................................................. 1
Additional mathematics ................................... 1
Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) ........ 2
Social studies and humanities (Foreign languages and additional units of English, history,
and literature are included).............................. 3
Electives ................................................... 3
Total 16
College of Music
English...................................................... 3
Theoretical music.....................................
Physical science....................................... 1
Social science......................................... \ 8
Foreign language....................................... I
Mathematics............................................ "
Additional high school academic units ....................... 4
Total 15
It is expected that all students will have had previous experience in an applied music area. Two years of piano training are recommended.
The College of Music requires an audition of all entering freshmen and undergraduate transfer students. In lieu of the personal audition, applicants may substitute tape recordings (about 10 minutes in length on 7 Vi ips monaural) or a statement of excellence by a qualified teacher. Interested students should write to the College of Music, UCD, for audition or interview applications.
2. All Applicants. All applicants who meet the above requirements are classified in two ways for admission purposes:
a. Preferred consideration is given to Liberal Arts and Sciences and Music applicants who rank in the upper half of their high school graduating class and have a composite score of 23 or higher on the American College Test (ACT) or a combined score of 1000 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Engineering applicants are expected to have a strong mathematics and science background, somewhat higher scores on the mathematics portion of the ACT or SAT, and higher class rank. Business students are expected to have a strong mathematics background, higher class rank and higher test scores. Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition.
b. Applicants for any of the above four colleges who rank in the lower half of their high school graduating class, and/or have combined SAT scores below 1000 or a composite ACT score
'See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for more specific information.


4 / University of Colorado at Denver
below 23, and/or do not have 15 units of acceptable high school credit are considered on an individual basis.
How to Apply
1. Students should obtain an Application for Undergraduate Admission from their Colorado high school counselor or the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
2. The application must be completed in full and sent to the Office of Admissions and Records. A $10 nonrefundable application fee must accompany the application. An applicant who is granted admission, but who is unable to enroll for the term applied for, will have the $10 fee valid for 12 months, provided the applicant informs Admissions and Records that he or she intends to enroll for a later term.
3. Students are required to have their high school send an official transcript of their high school grades, including class rank, to the Office of Admissions and Records.
4. Students also are required to take either the American College Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and request that test scores be sent to UCD (ACT code 0533 or SAT code R-4875). High school students may obtain information from their counselors regarding when and where tests are given. Applicants who took one of these tests earlier and did not designate UCD to receive scores must request the testing agency to send scores to UCD. This is done by completing a Request for Additional Score Report available at test centers or from the offices listed below.
Registration Department
American College Testing Program (ACT)
P.O. Box 414
Iowa City, Iowa 52240
College Entrance Examination Board (SAT) P.O. Box 592
Princeton, New Jersey 08540
College Entrance Examination Board (SAT)
P.O. Box 1025
Berkeley, California 94704
5. Students who did not graduate from high school are required to send a copy of their GED test scores and GED certificate to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS
Transfer students may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. Students interested in the field of education should contact the School of Education office for information (629-2717).
Transfer students are given priority consideration for admission as follows:
1. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and College of Music. Both Colorado residents and nonresidents' must have at least a 2.0 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average. Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition. Contact the College of Music for audition information.
2. College of Business and Administration and College of Engineering and Applied Science. Colorado residents' must have at least a 2.5 and nonresidents' must have at least a 2.75 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average.
In addition to the above academic requirements, preferred consideration is given to transfer applicants who have completed more than 12 semester credit hours (18 quarter hours) at an institution of university rank or to transfer applicants who have completed at least 45 semester credit hours (68 quarter hours) at a two-year college or a four-year state college.
Important Note: Applicants who do not meet the above grade-point average or credit hour requirements will still be considered for admission, but on an individual basis.
The primary factors used when considering students individually are (1) the academic program to which admission is desired; (2) the quality of prior academic work; (3) age, maturity, and noncollegiate achievements; and (4) time elapsed since last attendance at previous colleges.
How to Apply
1. The student should obtain a transfer application from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
2. The application form must be completed and returned to the Office of Admissions and Records with the $10 nonrefundable application fee.
3. The student is required to have two official transcripts sent to the Office of Admissions and Records from each collegiate institution attended. If a student is currently enrolled, a transcript listing all courses except those taken in the final term should be sent. Another transcript must be submitted after completion of the final term. (Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language and accompanied by a certified literal English translation.)
4. Applicants with less than 12 semester hours (18 quarter hours) of college work completed must also submit a high school transcript and ACT or SAT test scores (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hours for business or engineering transfers).
'See Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes for a definition of resident and nonresident.


General Information / 5
5. Applicants to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences should be aware that they may be able to receive credit for foreign language taken during the high school years provided they furnish an official high school transcript to the dean’s office. Further information may be obtained from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file.
Transfer of College-Level Credit
The Office of Admissions and Records and the appropriate academic unit will determine which courses taken at another institution can be applied to a degree program at UCD after all official transcripts have been received and the applicant has been admitted as a degree student. In general, transfer credit will be accepted insofar as it meets the degree, grade, and residence requirements at UCD.
College-level credit may be transferred to the University if it was earned at a college or university of recognized standing, by advanced placement examinations, or in military service or schooling as recommended by the Commission on Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education; if a grade of C or higher was attained; and if the credit is for courses appropriate to the degree sought at this institution.
The University may accept up to 72 semester credits (108 quarter credits) of work from a two-year institution toward the baccalaureate degree requirements and may accept up to 102 semester credits (168 quarter hours) from a four-year college or university. No credit is allowed for vocational/technical, remedial, or religious/doctrinal work. A maximum of 60 semester credits of extension and correspondence work (not to include more than 30 semester credits of correspondence) may be allowed if the above conditions are met.
The College of Business and Administration generally limits transfer credit for business courses taken at the lower division level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado unless written approval is obtained from the division head. A maximum of 60 semester hours (90 quarter hours) of junior college work and 9 semester hours of business courses taken through correspondence study may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability, and required business courses and those in the area of emphasis may not be taken through correspondence.
Readmission Requirements for Former Students
1. Students Who Have Not Attended Another Institution. Former students of the University of Colorado who have not attended another collegiate institution since their last enrollment at the University
must submit a Former Student Application (available from the Office of Admissions and Records), by the deadline for the term desired. No application fee and no supplementary credentials are required.
2. Students Who Have Attended Another Institution. Former students of the University of Colorado who have attended another collegiate institution since their last enrollment at the University must submit a Former Student Application and two official transcripts from any institutions attended in the interim. Applicants who have completed 12 semester hours or 18 quarter hours at another institution since last attending the University also must submit a $10 nonrefundable evaluation fee.
International Students
Undergraduate. International students who desire to attend the University of Colorado at Denver must present one full year or more of academic study (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hours) from another accredited American collegiate institution or a TOEFL score of 525 before they may be considered for admission. Transfer students must have a minimum of a
2.75 grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) on all work attempted and submit proof of English proficiency. An application form may be obtained from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
Application and supporting credentials are to be presented to the admissions office prior to published deadline dates for the term in which the student is applying. Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language, accompanied by a certified literal English translation.
Graduate. International students who desire graduate study at UCD must possess the equivalent of an American baccalaureate (undergraduate) degree and fulfill other requirements as designated by the graduate program to which they are applying. Applications can be obtained from the indivudal graduate schools. Application and credentials should he presented to the individual graduate school 6 months prior to the term for which the student is applying.
UCD Intrauniversity Transfer or Change of Campus
UCD students may change academic programs within UCD provided they are accepted by the college or school to which they wish to transfer. UCD Intrauniversity Transfer Forms may be obtained from the Office of Admissions and Records. Students should observe application deadlines indicated in the current Schedule of Courses. Decisions on intrauniversity transfers are made by the academic unit to which the student wishes to transfer.
UCD students may change campuses by applying directly to the Admissions Office of the University of Colorado campus to which they wish to transfer. Change of Campus applications and deadline information also must be obtained from the campus to which the student is applying.


6 / University of Colorado at Denver
High School Concurrent Enrollment
High school juniors and seniors with proven academic abilities may be admitted to UCD with special approval. Credit for courses taken may subsequently be applied toward a University degree program. For more information and application instructions, contact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
Admission of Graduate Degree Students
All correspondence and questions regarding admission to the graduate programs at UCD should be directed to the following:
Programs in Business
Office of Graduate Studies
Graduate School of Business Administration
629-2605
Programs in Environmental Design College of Environmental Design 629-2877
Programs in Public Affairs Graduate School of Public Affairs 629-2825
All Other Programs Graduate School 629-2663
GRADUATE PROGRAMS
As a principal part of its mission, UCD offers graduate- and professional-level programs for the convenience of Denver residents. During the 1979-80 academic year, approximately 39 percent of the student body was enrolled at the graduate level.
Graduate degree programs are offered through the Graduate School by its member schools and colleges, and outside the Graduate School by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the College of Environmental Design, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs. The particular admission and graduation requirements established by each of these academic units are detailed in the following sections of this bulletin.
Students holding baccalaureate degrees but who are not accepted to specific degree programs may enroll for graduate course work as graduate special students. Several types of students make use of the special student category. Among these are students who have attained whatever degree or credential status they feel is desirable, but who wish to take additional course work for professional or personal improvement; students who, for whatever reason (weak undergraduate background, change of discipline, or length of time since previous formal course work), feel the need to make up deficiencies before entering a degree program; and students who have not decided about entering a specific degree program. Such students should be aware that, generally, only limited course credits taken as a special student may be applied toward a degree program. Also, a 2.0
minimum grade-point average must be maintained to permit continuing registration as a graduate special student. Students interested in applying as graduate special students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for applications.
GRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION DEADLINES
Admission requirements and application deadlines vary according to the individual graduate program. The Graduate School has general admission requirements which are supplemented by specific requirements of the major departments of graduate study (e.g., electrical engineering, education, English, etc.). Applicants in the fields of education, engineering, and the arts, sciences, and humanities should consult the general information section of the Graduate School portion of this bulletin as well as the following sections dealing with requirements and deadlines for specific programs. Applicants in the fields of business administration, public affairs, and environmental design should refer to the sections of this bulletin on the Graduate School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Public Affairs, and the College of Environmental Design.
Admission of Nondegree Special Students
All correspondence and questions regarding admission as a special student should be directed to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
Persons desiring admission as special students for the purpose of teacher certification should contact the School of Education, 629-2717.
SPECIAL STUDENT APPLICATION DEADLINES
Special Students Those who want to Fall 1981 Spring 1982 Summer 1
take undergraduate or graduate courses Aug. 1 Dec. 1 May 1
Those who want to
change from special to degree status Aug. 1 Dec. 1 May 1
Those who want
teacher certification Feb. 1 N.A. Feb. 1
REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION
Persons who want to take University courses but do not plan to work toward a University of Colorado degree are admitted as special students. Except during the summer term, special students must be at least 21 years of age. Courses taken as a special student are fully credited and can be used for transfer to other institutions or for professional improvement. Persons who do not have an undergraduate degree are encouraged to apply to an undergraduate degree program rather than apply as special students. UCD will enroll persons without an undergraduate degree as special students for 12 semester hours, after which the student must apply to a regular degree program. Persons with a baccalaureate degree who seek teacher


General Information / 7
certification or renewal of certification may be admitted as special students if they meet the requirements of the School of Education. Special students must maintain a grade-point average of 2.0 at UCD.
HOW TO APPLY FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION
To apply for admission as a special student, obtain a Special Student Application Form from the Office of Admissions and Records. Return the completed application by the deadline for the term desired. There is no application fee, and no additional credentials are required. Applicants who seek teacher certification or renewal of teacher certification must apply separately to the School of Education and submit the required credentials.
Special students are advised that registration for courses is on a space available basis.
CHANGING STATUS FROM SPECIAL TO DEGREE STUDENT
Special students may apply for admission to an undergraduate degree program by completing the Special to Degree Application available from the Office of Admissions and Records. Academic credentials (i.e., transcripts and/or test scores) and a $10 nonre-fundable application fee also must be submitted. Special students who are accepted as undergraduate degree students may generally transfer a maximum of 12 semester credits for courses taken as a special student to an undergraduate degree program, with approval of the dean. (Students enrolled as special students prior to the fall semester of 1970 are subject to the policies in effect between January of 1969 and August of 1970.)
Special students may apply for admission to a graduate degree program by completing the application required by the particular program. The graduate dean, upon recommendation by the department, may accept up to 8 semester hours of credit toward the requirements for a master’s degree for courses taken as a special student at the University or at another recognized graduate school, or some combination thereof. The department may recommend acceptance of additional credit for courses taken as a special student during the semester the student has applied for admission to the desired degree program.
Official Notification of Admission
Official notification of admission to UCD as an undergraduate, graduate, or special student is provided by the Office of Admissions and Records on a Statement of Admission Eligibility Form. Letters from the various schools and colleges indicating acceptance into a particular program are subject to official admission to the institution. Applicants who do not receive official notification of admission within a reasonable period of time after submitting application materials should contact the Office of Admissions and Records, (303) 629-2660.
II. TUITION AND FEES Tuition and Fees
All tuition and fee charges are established by the Board of Regents, the governing body of the University of Colorado, in accordance with legislation enacted annually (usually in the spring) by the Colorado General Assembly. The Regents reserve the right to change tuition and fee rates at any time. A tuition schedule is published prior to registration for each term, and students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for further information on the tuition and fee charges for a particular term. The rates below are for the 1980-81 academic year and are provided to assist prospective students in anticipating cost.
TUITION RATES PER SEMESTER FOR 1980-81
Credit Hours Undergraduate Students Graduate Students of Non- Non-
Enrollment Resident resident Resident resident
0-1 $ 23 $ 77 $ 24 $ 80
2 46 154 48 160
3 69 231 72 240
4 92 308 96 320
5 115 385 120 400
6 138 516 144 540
7 161 1,284 168 1,348
8 184 1,284 192 1,348
9 207 1,284 216 1,348
10-18 Each credit 292 1,284 307 1,348
hour over 18 20 86 21 90
OTHER FEES
1. Student activity fee (mandatory for all students) :
Fall semester 1980 ..... $17'
Spring semester 1981 ... $17'
2. Matriculation fee (mandatory for all new students):
Degree students ..........$15
Special students .........$ 5
This is a one-time nonrefundable fee charged at the time of initial registration. No further charges will be made for adding or dropping courses or for ordering transcripts. A special student who becomes a degree student will be charged $10 at the initial registration as a degree student.
3. Health insurance fee (automatic for all students unless waived):
Fall or spring semester ... $51.46" Summer term ............... $34.59"
If the student does not want health insurance coverage, it is the student’s responsibility to check the appropriate box on the Tuition Assessment/Payment cards and sign the card during mail/walk-in registration. The insurance program primarily subsidizes major medical expenses according to the schedule of
'Includes bond retirement fee.
’Subject to change.


8 / University of Colorado at Denver
benefits stated in the insurance brochure, which may be obtained from the Office for Student Affairs. Dependent coverage (spouse and/or children) also is available at an additional charge. Further information on health insurance is available from the Office for Student Affairs, 629-2861.
4. Doctoral dissertation fee (mandatory for all students certified by the Graduate School for enrollment for doctoral dissertation): students should contact the Graduate School for guidelines affecting charges for enrollment.
5. Comprehensive examination fee: Any student in the Graduate School or Graduate School of Public Affairs must be enrolled during the term in which the Comprehensive Examination for an M.A. degree is completed. Students who are not taking regular courses during that term must enroll as “Candidate for Degree.” Tuition for “Candidate for Degree” enrollment is minimum graduate resident tuition.
6. Laboratory breakage fee (mandatory for students enrolled in a chemistry laboratory course):
Breakage deposit ........$10
This fee will be refunded at the end of the term if appropriate.
7. Music laboratory fee (mandatory for College of Music students and others enrolled in certain music courses):
Music fee ............... $24
College of Music students and others enrolled in piano, sound recording and reinforcement, and electronic music must pay this fee. No student is charged more than one $24 fee.
PAYMENT OF TUITION AND FEES
All tuition and fees are assessed and payable when the student registers for the term, according to guidelines in the current Schedule of Courses. Arrangements may be made through the Finance Office at the time of registration to defer payment of part of the charges. Specific information on deferred payment is included in the Schedule of Courses published before each semester or summer term.
Students who register for courses are liable for payment of tuition and fees even though they may drop out of school. Refund policies for students who withdraw from the University are included in the Schedule of Courses. A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or special certificate. The only exception to this regulation involves students with loans and other types of indebtedness which are payable after graduation.
Personal checks are accepted for any University obligation. Any student who pays with a check which is not acceptable to the bank may be immediately dropped from the rolls of the University.
Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes
General Policies. A student is initially classified as a resident or nonresident student for tuition purposes at the time of application to the University. The classification is based on information furnished by the student and other relevant sources. To be eligible for in-state tuition (resident) status the following requirements (as defined in the Colorado Revised Statutes, Chapter 124, Article 18) must be met by students who are 21 years of age or older (or emancipated minors as defined by law): (1) the student must have been domiciled in Colorado for 12 consecutive months preceding the first day of classes for the term in which in-state status is desired; (2) the student must demonstrate significant intent to make Colorado a fixed and permanent residence. Intent is demonstrated by compliance with other mandatory laws of the state for 12 consecutive months (i.e., valid driver’s license, valid motor vehicle registration, payment of state income tax, voter registration, etc.). An unemancipated minor assumes the domicile of his or her parents.
Once the student’s status is established, it remains unchanged unless satisfactory information to the contrary is presented. A student who, due to subsequent events, becomes eligible for a change in classification from resident to nonresident or vice versa must inform the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days after such a change occurs. An adult student or emancipated minor who moves outside of Colorado must send written notification to the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days of the change.
Petitioning for a Change in Residency Classification. Any student who is 22 years of age or older, or an emancipated minor as defined by law, may change his or her residence and tuition classification status. Detailed information on the procedures which must be followed, including necessary petition forms, is available from the Office of Admissions and Records. Petitions will not be considered until an application for admission and supporting credentials have been received by the University. Changes in classification are effective at the time of the student’s next registration. A student who willfully gives wrong information in order to avoid paying out-of-state tuition is subject to legal and disciplinary action.
Ill FINANCIAL AID AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER
The financial aid program at the University is designed to assist those students who would be unable to attend the University without aid. While the primary responsibility for meeting the costs of education rests with individual students and their families, financial aid funds are offered to supplement whatever funds students and their families can provide. Since requests generally exceed the availability of funds, students and their families should be aware of procedures and deadlines in order


General Information / 9
to receive maximum consideration. Questions and requests for forms should be directed to the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment at UCD, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, 629-2886.
Estimated Expenses
Educational expenses at UCD include tuition, fees, and the cost of books and related instructional materials. Students who do not live with their parents must also include the cost of housing and food expenses. All students should consider transportation and personal expenditures (i.e., clothing, entertainment, etc.) in determining their expenses. The Office of Financial Aid establishes standard budgets for different types of students (dependent students living at home with parents, single students living away from home, married students, etc.) to bring about consistency and equity in determining the financial needs of all students. The standard budgets are established in line with parameters set by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education and the Department of Education.
For the 1980-81 academic year, the standard budgets allowed $168 per month living allowance for dependent students living at home, $378 per month for single students not living at home, and $531 per month for married students. An allowance of $111 per month was added per dependent child in the student’s home. The living allowance included amounts for rent, food, utilities, personal expenses, and transportation. The cost of tuition, fees, and medical insurance for the 1980-81 academic year was $726 for a resident student and $2,710 for a nonresident student. Graduate students were assessed $526 as residents and $2,838 as nonresidents. Books and supplies were estimated at $175 for the 1980-81 academic year.
All expenses will increase slightly for the 1981-82 academic year. The state of Colorado and the Board of Regents usually set tuition guidelines and rates during the month of May for the summer and academic year. The standards for living allowances are usually set during the spring semester for the following summer and academic year.
Students who have additional costs above the standard allowances can request a review of their situation by the Financial Aid Committee. The committee must receive documentation of extra expenses and can consider an individual exception to the standard allowances. Examples of these kinds of exceptions are babysitting expenses, medical costs, dental and optical expenses.
Determination of Financial Need and Award
Financial need is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance as defined by the institution (tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board, transportation and essential incidental expenses) and total resources available to the student. These resources include a family contribution (summer savings, term earnings, a spouse contribution, and a
parental contribution) and awards from agencies outside the University.
Financial need is determined by a national uniform needs analysis system administered by agencies such as the American College Testing Program. This system analyzes income and assets, family size, number of children in post-secondary education, student independence, etc., to determine a reasonable student and/or family contribution.
After the financial need is determined, students are ranked in order of financial need and are aided accordingly until all funds are committed. The financial aid package normally consists of a self-help component (loans and/or employment) and a gift aid component (grants and scholarships) proportionate to the available funds and to the number of needy students applying. A small portion of Colorado work-study funds is available to interested students who do not document financial need.
How to Apply
Application forms may be obtained by contacting the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment. Students are asked to complete an institutional application and a needs analysis form. Students will be contacted if additional information is necessary to complete the application.
Parents are expected to contribute toward a student’s educational costs. However, in certain cases students may be considered financially independent of their parents. To be eligible for financial aid as a self-supporting student, a student (1) cannot be claimed as a tax exemption, (2) cannot receive $1,000 or more, or (3) live at home for more than six consecutive weeks for the year aid is received and for the entire preceding calendar year. For example, for a student to receive aid as a self-supporting student during the 1981-82 academic year, the above three criteria must be met for 1980 and 1981.
Note: Requirements for receiving aid as a self-supporting student are subject to change by the federal and state governments.
Self-supporting students must document their status by providing income tax forms or other supporting documents to show sufficient income to be self-supporting during the appropriate period of time. In some cases, additional documentation from parents is required to complete a student’s application. The information provided on the application for financial aid is analyzed according to the uniform needs analysis formula to determine the student’s ability to contribute to his or her educational costs during the academic year.
To be eligible for financial aid, students must be
U.S. citizens or permanent residents or have a refugee visa. Eligible foreign students are advised to include a photocopy of their visa cards with their applications to facilitate processing.
Available Funds
Undergraduate Students. Undergraduate students are eligible to submit the following three applications:


10 / University of Colorado at Denver
1. The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part application the student will be considered for:
Federal Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG) (Pell Grant)
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG)
Federal Work-Study Assistance
Federal National Direct Student Loan (NDSL)
State Colorado Student Grant (CSG)
State Colorado Work-Study Assistance
State and Federal Colorado Student Incentive Grant (CSIG)
Institutional Grant Assistance
(Students classified as nonresident for tuition purposes are not eligible for state financial aid funds.)
2. Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (Pell Grant). This is a separate federal grant program which students can apply for if they do not apply for financial aid under number one above.
3. Guaranteed Student Loan. See the Types of Aid Available section for details.
Graduate Students. Graduate students are eligible to submit the following two applications:
1. The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part application, the student will be considered for:
Federal Work-Study Assistance
Federal National Direct Student Loan (NDSL)
State of Colorado Graduate Grant
2. Federally Insured Student Loan/Guaranteed Student Loan. See the Types of Aid Available section for details.
Priority Filing Dates
March 2—All students applying for financial aid for the summer term.
March 16—All students applying for fall semester financial aid.
October 23—All students applying for financial aid for the spring semester.
Special Note: An application for financial aid does not constitute an application for admission to the University. Please contact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records for application forms and procedures. Applicants will not receive financial aid until they are enrolled in a degree program at the University. Special students are not eligible for financial aid.
Types of Aid Available
SCHOLARSHIPS
Colorado Scholarships. Colorado Scholars Awards provide up to $400 for Colorado residents who have at least a 3.0 grade-point average and have attended the University for at least two semesters, excluding summers. These scholarships are funded by the state of Colorado. Information and application materials are available in the Office of Financial Aid. The Office of
Admissions and Records automatically considers incoming students for Scholars Awards. All resident applicants should contact that office for further information.
Army Reserve Officer Training Corps. The Department of Military Science offers students three-year, two-year, and one-year scholarships. These scholarships cover all tuition and fees, books and supplies, and they provide a tax-free monthly stipend of $100. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Upon completion of the ROTC curriculum, students are eligible for a commission in the Reserves, National Guard, or active Army.
GRANTS
Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (Pell Grant). The Basic Educational Opportunity Grant is a source of federal grant aid for which all students pursuing their first undergraduate degree may apply. Application can be made by submitting the Family Financial Statement or the separate Basic Grant application. Applications can be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid. Grant amounts vary depending on financial need, costs at the institution, and Congressional allocation. This program is the base of all financial aid.
Colorado Student Grant. The Colorado Student Grant is an undergraduate grant for Colorado residents. This grant is based on financial need and funds are allotted to the University by the State of Colorado. Amounts vary from approximately $100 to $1,000 per year. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement.
Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants are undergraduate federal grants varying in amounts from $200 to $2,000 per year. These grants are based on student need and availability of funds. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement.
Graduate Grant. Grants for graduate students are available on a limited basis and will be awarded to students as eligibility and funds allow. Application is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement.
LOANS
National Direct Student Loans. National Direct Student Loans are federal loans available to undergraduate and graduate students with financial need. A student may borrow up to (a) $3,000 during the freshman and sophomore years; (b) $6,000 total for undergraduate study; (c) $12,000 for total graduate and undergraduate study. Application for the loan is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement.
Guaranteed Student Loan Programs. This program enables undergraduate and graduate students to borrow directly from a bank, credit union, savings and


General Information /11
loan association, or other participating lenders who are willing to make the educational loan. The loan is guaranteed by a state or private nonprofit agency and insured by the federal government. Information and applications may be obtained from the lender.
EMPLOYMENT
College Work-Study Program. The College Work-Study Program is designed to provide jobs to undergraduate and graduate students. The program is funded by the federal government and the State of Colorado. Employment is arranged whenever possible in the student’s major area of interest, with job opportunities both on- and off-campus. Awards average up to $1,800 per academic year. For details contact the Office of Student Employment. Application for this aid is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement.
Part-time Student Employment. The Auraria Student Assistance Center assists students in obtaining part-time employment other than that based on financial need. Further information and application may be obtained from the center.
OTHER SOURCES OF AID
See the Office of Financial Aid for details of these programs:
Bureau of Indian Affairs. Grants are available to Native American students.
LEEP Grants and Loans. Grants and loans for tuition and fees are available to personnel working full time in law enforcement.
Short-Term Loans. Small, temporary loans are made to students facing financial emergencies. These loans are to be repaid during the semester.
Academic Requirements
Students receiving financial aid must demonstrate that they are maintaining normal progress and are in good standing at the University. Normal academic progress is defined as completing the minimum number of hours stipulated on the notification of financial aid by obtaining a grade of D or better for that number of hours. Usually students are required to complete 12 credits per semester for undergraduates and 8 credits per semester as graduates. Summer term requirements are 6 credits for undergraduates and 4 credits for graduates. Less than normal progress for two terms results in the loss of future financial aid. Aid received while suspended under Satisfactory Progress Policy must be repaid. Students are expected to maintain grade-point averages as required by the University.
Duration of Aid
Financial aid is offered for one year at a time. Students must reapply for summer and for each academic year, according to the established priority deadlines.
Use of Funds
All financial aid awards are to be used only for immediate educational expenses. These expenses include tuition, fees, books, supplies, room and board, transportation, and essential miscellaneous expenses, such as clothing, medical, etc.
Refunds
The University tuition refund policy is published in the Schedule of Courses for each term. For the spring 1981 semester, the policy for refunds upon complete withdrawal from the University was a 100% minus $25 refund if the student withdrew before the term began, 75% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the second day of the third week of classes, and 50% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the fourth week of classes. Students receiving financial aid may be required to return any refund to the University’s financial aid accounts.
Student Rights and Responsibilities
Students have certain rights and responsibilities regarding financial aid and student employment. Students may review applicable policies and procedures, published in a financial aid brochure available in the UCD Office of Financial Aid. Specific application procedures and policies are subject to change.
Further Information and Application Forms
Further information and application forms may be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, on the Auraria campus, or by writing to Office of Financial Aid, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, CO 80202. Persons in the Denver metropolitan area are encouraged to visit the office to receive application forms and information; however, materials will be mailed upon request. Peer counselors and University counselors are available to discuss individual situations and aid eligibility.
IV. REGISTRATION: SELECTING A PROGRAM AND COURSES
Selecting a Program and Courses
New and continuing UCD students are urged to review Section VI and the following sections of this bulletin. Section VI describes the traditional and non-traditional instructional programs available at UCD, and the sections which follow it give information by school or college on the various majors available, course requirements by major, graduation requirements, course load policies, and other information and specific policies. Courses available during a particular semester or summer term are listed in the Schedule of Courses, published several weeks before registration and available from the Office of Admissions and Records and the varous deans’ offices.


12 / University of Colorado at Denver
Undergraduate students who need assistance in planning a program or selecting courses should contact the academic unit in which they are enrolled to arrange for a counseling appointment. The appointment should be made prior to registration. Graduate students should contact their graduate department for assistance.
Orientation
An orientation program for all new undergraduate students is held at the beginning of the fall semester, prior to the first day of classes. The program is conducted by the Office of Admissions and Records and the various deans’ offices, and introduces the programs, activities, and services available at UCD, in addition to providing information on degree requirements, how to register, and similar matters.
Registration
UCD conducts a common registration in cooperation with Metropolitan State College. Basically, the registration involves the following processes: (1) mail registration, (2) walk-in registration, and (3) course adjustment.
Students eligible for mail registration who choose to take advantage of this process may register and pay tuition and fees by mail. A walk-in registration will be available for students who do not wish to or are not eligible to register by mail.
For complete instructions, students should refer to the Schedule of Courses published at the beginning of each semester and summer term.
POOLED COURSES
Certain courses in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences have been pooled with similar courses at Metropolitan State College. UCD students may register for any of the courses listed in the Schedule of Courses.
INTERINSTITUTIONAL REGISTRATION
UCD degree students may enroll for courses offered by the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver. Students must be enrolled at UCD for at least one course during the semester or summer term to be eligible to register interinstitutionally. Registration is on a space available basis.
V. ACADEMIC POLICIES AND REGULATIONS
Advanced Standing and Advanced Placement Credit
Undergraduate students may obtain credit for lower-division courses in which they demonstrate proficiency by examination. By passing an examination, the student will be given credit for the course to satisfy lower division requirements and may be eligible to enroll in higher level courses than indicated by the student’s formal academic experience. Credit
granted for courses by examination is treated as transfer credit without a grade but does count toward graduation and other requirements for which it is appropriate. There are three types of examinations as described below.
ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM
The Advanced Placement Program of the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) allows students to take advanced work while in high school and then be examined for credit at the college level. Students who take advanced placement courses and subsequently receive scores of 3, 4, or 5' on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination are generally given college credit for lower-level courses in which they have demonstrated proficiency and are granted advanced standing in those areas. Students with scores below 3‘ are considered for advanced placement by the discipline concerned. For more information, contact your high school counselor or the Office of Admissions and Records.
CREDIT BY EXAMINATION
Degree students may take examinations for credit. To qualify for an examination, the student must be formally working toward a degree at UCD and have a grade-point average of at least 2.0. Examinations are arranged through the Office of Admissions and Records, and a nonrefundable fee is charged. Students should contact the office of the dean of the academic unit in which they are enrolled.
COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM
An exciting challenge is available to incoming UCD students who may earn University credit by examination in subject areas in which they have excelled at college-level proficiency. Interested students are encouraged to take appropriate subject examinations provided in the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) of the College Entrance Examination Board testing service. The cost for a single examination is $20.
Students who are interested in CLEP examinations must contact the office of their school or college.
Credit for Military Service and Schooling and ROTC
MILITARY SERVICE AND SCHOOLING
Applicants with military experience should submit the following with their application in order to have credit for educational experiences evaluated: (1) a copy of DD Form 214 and (2) DD Form 295, Application for the Evaluation of Educational Experience During Military Service. USAF personnel may present an official transcript from the Community College of the Air Force in lieu of the DD Form 295. Credit will be awarded as recommended by the Commission on the Accreditation of Service Experiences of
'Students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science must receive scores of 4 or 5 for credit to be granted; students with scores of 3 may be considered by the department concerned. All credit must be validated by subsequent academic performance.


General Information /13
the American Council on Education to the extent that such credit is applicable to the degree sought at UCD. Credit for courses completed through the U.S. Armed Forces Institute will be evaluated on the same basis as transfer credit from collegiate institutions.
RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS (ROTC)
Students enrolled in Army or Air Force ROTC programs should consult with their college or school regarding the application of ROTC course credit toward graduation requirements. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences allows a maximum of 12 semester hours of ROTC credit to be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. The College of Business and Administration stipulates that ROTC courses may be used for credit only for nonbusiness elective requirements and that no credit may be given for freshman and sophomore ROTC courses. Furthermore, a maximum of 12 semester hours may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements in business and only if the ROTC program is completed.
Grading System and Policies
The following grading system and procedures for pass/fail registration, dropping and adding courses, and withdrawal from the University have been standardized for all academic units of the University effective with the 1974-75 academic year.
GRADE SYMBOLS
The instructor is responsible for whatever grade symbol (A, B, C, D, F, IF, IW, or IP) is to be assigned. Special symbols (NC, W, and Y) are indications of registration or grade status and are not assigned by the instructor but are automatically converted by the grade application system, explained under Pass/Fail Procedure.
A—superior/excellent—4 credit points per credit hour.
B—good/better than average—3 credit points per credit hour.
C—competent/average—2 credit points per credit hour.
D—minimum passing—1 credit point per credit hour.
F—failing—no credit points per credit hour.
IF—incomplete—conversion after one academic year to F.
IW—incomplete—conversion after one academic year to W.
IP—in progress—thesis at the graduate level only.
P/F—pass/fail—P grade is not included in the grade-point average; the F grade is included; up to 16 hours of pass/fail course work may be credited toward a bachelor’s degree.
H/P/F—honors/pass/fail—intended for honors courses; credit hours count toward the degree but are not included in the grade-point average.
SPECIAL SYMBOLS
NC—indicates registration on a no-credit basis.
W—indicates withdrawal without credit.
Y—indicates the final grade roster was not received by the time grades were processed.
PASS/FAIL PROCEDURE
1. Any student who wishes to register for a course on a pass/fail basis should do so during regular registration procedures. (Up to 16 semester hours of regular course work may be taken on a pass/fail basis and credited toward the bachelor’s degree.) Changes to or from a pass/fail basis may be effected only during the regular drop/add period.
2. The record of pass/fail registration is maintained by the Office of Admissions and Records.
3. Academic deans and faculty will not be informed of special pass/fail registration. All students who register on a pass/fail basis appear on the regular class roster, and a normal letter grade is assigned by the professor. When grades are received in the Records Office, those registrations which require a pass/fail designation are automatically converted by the grade application system. Grades of D and above convert to grades of P.
4. Only 6 hours of course work may be P/F in any given semester.
5. Exception to the pass/fail regulations is permitted for certain specified courses offered by the School of Education, the Division of Continuing Education, and Study Abroad Programs.
6. Graduate degree students can exercise the P/F option for undergraduate courses only. However, a grade of P will not be acceptable for graduate credit to satisfy any Graduate School requirement.
Adding and Dropping Courses1
Adding Courses. Students may add courses to their original registration during the first 5 days of classes, provided there is space available. Approval signatures are not required.
Dropping Courses:
1. Students will be able to drop courses during the first 12 days of the fall or spring semesters (7th day of the summer term). Tuition will not be charged for the courses which are dropped and signatures are not required.
2. After the 12th day of a fall or spring semester (7th day of a summer term), and the instructor’s signature, tuition will be charged and the courses will appear on the student’s permanent record with a W grade.
3. After the 10th week of a fall or spring semester (5th week of a summer term), courses may not be dropped unless there are circumstances clearly beyond the student’s control. In addition to the instructors certification (as in 2 above), the student must petition the academic dean for approval to drop the courses. Tuition will be charged even though the drop is allowed.
'For the exact dates, check the Schedule of Courses for the appropriate term.


14 / University of Colorado at Denver
PASS/FAIL OPTION RESTRICTIONS
College General 16 Hours Maximum Transfer Students
Business and Administration May not be used for “core” courses required for graduation and courses in area of emphasis Includes credit received through CLEP and advanced standing examinations Maximum of 1 semester hour of pass/fail for every 8 semester hours attempted at the University
Education No restrictions
Engineering and Applied Science Courses must be designated by major department; students without major not eligible; recommended maximum — one course/semester Includes courses taken in the honors program Maximum of 1 semester hour of pass/fail may be applied toward graduation for every 9 semester hours taken in the college
Graduate School Not applicable toward degree
Liberal Arts and Sciences May be restricted in certain majors; not included in 30 hours of C or better work required for major Does not include courses taken in honors, physical education, cooperative education, and certain teacher certification courses May not be used by students graduating with only 30 semester hours taken at the University
Music Same as business Includes courses taken in the honors program
Withdrawal From the University
To withdraw from the University, the student obtains approval of the dean’s office, Finance Office, and the Office of Admissions and Records. The withdrawal date is recorded on the student’s permanent record page. If the withdrawal date is prior to the 13th day of the semester (7th day of the summer term), the courses will not appear on the student’s permanent record. If the withdrawal date is after the 12th day, the courses will appear with W grades. Students may not withdraw after the 10th week of the semester (5th week of the summer term) except under documented circumstances clearly beyond their control.
Students who are receiving veterans’ benefits or financial aid also must obtain the required signature of the appropriate office(s).
A student who ceases to attend classes without officially withdrawing from the University will receive a grade of F for all course work enrolled for during that term.
A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the University must apply to the associate dean of the Graduate School for permission to withdraw in good standing. Students who withdraw without communicating with the associate dean and filing the appropriate Withdrawal Form, will be marked as having failed their courses for the term.
For specific signatures and refunds the student must refer to the Schedule of Courses published prior to the beginning of each term.
Inspection of Educational Records
Periodically, but not less than annually, the University of Colorado informs students of the Family
Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. This act, with which the institution intends to comply fully, was designated to protect the privacy of educational records, to establish the right of students to inspect and review their educational records, and to provide guidelines for the correction of inaccurate or misleading data through informal and formal hearings. Students also have the right to file complaints with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Office (FERPA) concerning alleged failures by the institution to comply with the act.
Local policy explains in detail the procedures to be used by the institution for compliance with the provisions of the act. Copies of the policy can be found in the library on each of the several campuses of the University of Colorado.
A directory of records which lists all educational records maintained on students by this institution may be found in the offices of the chancellor on each campus.
The following items of student information have been designated by the University of Colorado as public or directory information. Such information may be disclosed by the institution for any purpose, at its discretion. These items are: name, address, telephone number, dates of attendance, registration status, class, major field of study, awards, honors, degree(s) conferred, past and present participation in officially recognized sports and activities, physical factors (height, weight) of athletes, date and place of birth.
Currently enrolled students may withhold disclosure of any category of information under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. To withhold disclosure, written notification must be received in the Office of Admissions and Records on the appropriate campus prior to the 11th day of


General Information /15
classes in any given term. Forms requesting the withholding of directory information are available in the Office of Admissions and Records.
The University of Colorado assumes that failure on the part of any student to request specifically the withholding of categories of directory information indicates individual approval for disclosure.
Questions concerning the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act may be referred to the Office of Admissions and Records.
Good Standing
To remain in good standing within a particular department, a student must maintain a minimum grade-point average of 2.0 (C) in all course work attempted. A minimum grade-point average of 2.0 must also be maintained to qualify for an undergraduate degree. Policies on academic probation, suspension, and dismissal vary by college or school, and students should refer to the sections of this bulletin dealing with the colleges and schools for information.
Student Classification
Students who have passed fewer than 30 semester hours are classified as freshmen. To be classified as a sophomore, a student must have passed 30 semester hours; to be classified as a junior, 60 hours; and to be classified as a senior, 90 hours of credit. All transfer students will be classified on the same basis according to their hours of credit accepted by the University of Colorado.
Student Indebtedness
A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or credit from the University. Transcripts will not be released to a student with a financial obligation to the University. The only exception to this policy involves students who have loans or other types of indebtedness which mature after graduation.
VI. SERVICES FOR STUDENTS
The Office for Student Affairs offers educational and personal support services and programs designed to assist students in meeting their educational and personal growth objectives. The office telephone number is 629-2861.
The University of Colorado at Denver follows a policy of equal opportunity in education and employment. In pursuance of this policy, no UCD department, unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed, color, age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees.
Academic Honorary Societies
Academic honorary societies are affiliated with each of the schools and colleges. Further information may be obtained from the deans’ offices.
Alumni and Friends Program
The UCD Alumni and Friends organization was established in 1975 to support the University of Colorado at Denver. Membership is open to all University of Colorado graduates, former students, and friends of the University.
The organization publishes a newsletter on alumni and University activities and sponsors legislative breakfasts to aid in keeping alumni, students, and faculty informed about the legislative process.
Members work with students to select the campus’ outstanding faculty member, assist with student recruitment and registration, sponsor a reception for each graduating class, and coordinate the UCD Distinguished Service Award program. Functions are planned which bring alumni and friends back to the campus. Telephone 629-2665.
Auraria Student Assistance Center
A number of student services are provided through the Auraria Student Assistance Center to all students on campus. These programs include specialized services for disabled students, international students, career placement, and student employment and personal counseling. Information on these programs may be obtained by calling 629-3475. A general student information center is located in the Central Classroom Building, Room 107, 629-3474.
Career Services
Vocational counseling, career planning, vocational interest exploration, and career placement are available for UCD students and alumni.
Counseling programs are available to help students plan their futures and attain skills necessary for the achievement of career goals. Assistance also is provided in developing skills essential for resume preparation and interviewing techniques. Telephone 629-2861.
Counseling Center
The services of the Counseling Center are open to all students and prospective students. Personal and vocational counseling, group experiences, and testing are confidential and there is no fee for counseling. Telephone 629-2861.
Disabled Student Services
This office provides specialized services for disabled students. Services are developed as the need arises and include preadmission advising and orientation; academic, vocational, and personal counseling;


16 / University of Colorado at Denver
registration assistance; notetaker and interpreter services; close-in parking permits; a Handivan; and locker usage. Telephone 629-3474.
Health Insurance Program
The student medical-hospital-surgical plan is automatic for all students unless waived. Dependent coverage is available at an additional charge. For further information refer to the section on Tuition and Fees in the General Information portion of this bulletin, or call 629-2861.
International Student Services
The Office for International Students provides assistance to international students on the Auraria campus. The office helps foreign students with such requirements as immigration certifications and passport assistance, and supplies information on study abroad programs, international student I.D. cards, and overseas travel. Telephone 629-3474.
Special Services Program
Special Services provides a variety of supportive services designed to assist selected students achieve success in their university lives. Services are provided for low income students, physically disabled students, students with limited English-speaking ability, and others with special needs. A variety of supportive services are offered, including tutoring, classes in English as a second language, testing, counseling, and academic skill development. Telephone 629-8345.
Job Placement
The Job Placement Office is centralized with the other colleges on the Auraria campus. Assistance in finding full-time employment is provided. Individual files are maintained, interviews are arranged, and workshops in job-seeking skills and resume writing are conducted. Telephone 629-3474.
Student Conduct, Policies, and Standards
The Office for Student Affairs, which protects student rights and responsibilities, administers the Code of Student Conduct. When a student enrolls in the University, he or she agrees to participate meaningfully in the life of the University and to share in the obligation to preserve and promote its educational endeavors. Each student preserves his or her rights as a citizen and has a basic obligation not to commit or to tolerate any impingement on the rights of others. Copies of the code and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the Office for Student Affairs. Telephone 629-2861.
Student Employment Opportunities
The Auraria Placement Office offers job listings to all UCD students. Both on-campus and off-campus full-time and part-time positions are available.
Students receiving financial aid may use this service only if the Office of Financial Aid has determined that earnings from the job in question will not exceed the amount of their unmet need. Telephone 629-2886.
For information on career-related job opportunities, refer to Cooperative Education under Academic Programs in this section.
Study Skills Center
The Study Skills Center is administered by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences on behalf of UCD. The purpose of the center is to help UCD students develop methods of efficient study. Services are available to help specifically with particular academic and research skills. Telephone 629-2802.
Veterans Affairs
The Office of Veterans Affairs offers all student veterans counseling regarding school attendance requirements, benefits, personal and vocational assistance, and other program information. Telephone 629-2630.
Women’s Center
The Women’s Center provides counseling regarding vocational choices and personal and school-related problems. The center is also a place to meet other women students or join a discussion group. Telephone 629-2815.
VII. ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Degree Programs
For complete bachelor’s and master’s degree programs offered by UCD, see the Degree Programs at a Glance chart at the beginning of this bulletin.
UCD also offers preprofessional programs in law, journalism, and the health sciences (child health associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy, podiatry, and veterinary medicine). Courses in many other undergraduate and graduate areas are offered at UCD, but degrees must be completed at the University of Colorado at Boulder.
The remaining sections of this bulletin discuss in detail each school and college and provide information on their specific policies on requirements for graduation, course requirements for various majors, course load policies, and similar information. Course offerings appear in a separate section of this bulletin.
Cooperative Education Program
1047 Ninth Street 629-2892
The Cooperative Education Program provides students with an opportunity to find work experience relevant to their academic programs. The program is open to all students in the colleges and schools of UCD who have completed their freshman year and have


General Information /17
maintained a grade-point average of at least 2.5. However, only the Colleges of Liberal Arts and Sciences and Music award credit for the work experience.
The cooperative internship program consists of jobs developed by the program staff in a wide variety of federal, state, and private agencies and businesses. Positions are specifically geared to students’ academic and career goals. Cooperative education students can either work full time by alternating semesters of work with semesters of full-time school or they can work part time year around.
Educational Opportunity Program
Room 1, 1100 Fourteenth Street 629-2700
The Educational Opportunity Programs assist all educationally disadvantaged students at UCD. Support programs include specialized recruiting, intensive counseling, tutorial services, and community outreach programs. The program is designed to provide assistance to minority students and to acquaint students with the history and culture of Asian Americans, Blacks, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans. Student organizations provide assistance with recruitment, counseling, and tutoring; financial assistance is available through grants and the Work/Study Program. Courses are offered in Asian American, Black, Mexican American, and Native American Studies. These courses are open to all students and are described in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
Senior Citizen Program
The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences through its Academic Advising Office coordinates tuition-free classes for persons 60 years of age and over. Senior citizens may register for any class on a non-credit/audit basis as long as space is available. Senior citizens should register and pick up class registration forms in Room 47, East Classroom Building, and should take the completed forms to the first session of class for the instructor’s approval. The form then should be returned to Room 47, and a student I.D. card will be issued which entitles senior citizens to the same privileges as regular degree students. For further information call 629-2555.
Division of Continuing Education
The Division of Continuing Education at UCD provides lifelong learning experiences for people of all ages seeking to attain career and personal development goals and serves a society trying to cope with the problems and realities of rapidly changing patterns of living. The division offers a large noncredit program ranging from one-day workshops to certificate programs requiring several years to complete. Classes meet throughout the Denver metropolitan area. Off-campus credit classes are offered in the public schools, Lowry Air Force Base, and Fitzsimons Army Medical Center.
Noncredit programs are open to all adults regardless of previous education or training. Some advanced courses require a background in a specific subject matter area. Examples of these courses include licensing and professional designation refresher courses for engineers, accountants, and life insurance agents. Except in some certificate programs, no grade is awarded upon completion of a course.
Off-campus credit classes supplement the regular academic programs offered at UCD. Admission requirements and refund policies for off-campus instruction are identical with requirements for enrollment in UCD. Individuals who have never been enrolled on any campus of the University of Colorado usually are admitted to off-campus instruction as special students.
Individuals interested in obtaining a copy of the Division of Continuing Education Bulletin or other information may write or call the division office at UCD, 1100 14th Street, 629-2735.
VIII. RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAMS
Army
U.S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), Department of Military Science, University of Colorado at Denver, 1059 Ninth Street, 629-3491.
The Department of Military Science offers two Army ROTC programs leading to a commission in the active Army, the Army Reserve, or the Army National Guard Forces.
FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM
The standard four-year program consists of two phases. The basic course, normally completed during the freshman and sophomore years, consists of courses in military science, officer career development, and leadership theory and management. The advanced course coincides with the junior and senior years. Subject areas include psychology and methods of instruction, tactics and unit operations, military law, history, national strategy, and army policies. Completion of a six-week advanced camp during the summer is required prior to commissioning.
Students should contact the Professor of Military Science (629-3491, 1059 Ninth Street) for specific requirements and options available based on each student’s status at the time of program entry. Students who are veterans of military service or participated in Junior ROTC, Civil Air Patrol, or similar organizations may have a portion or all of the basic course requirements waived by the Professor of Military Science.
TWO-YEAR PROGRAM
The abbreviated two-year program consists of the same courses offered in the advanced course. However, both undergraduate and graduate students may become qualified for this program by successful


18 / University of Colorado at Denver
completion of a six-week summer basic camp, an on-campus summer program, or by completion of specially designed compression courses offered during the spring or fall semesters. If selected for the abbreviated program under these options, students may receive an early commission with the Reserve or National Guard while continuing their college education at the undergraduate or graduate level.
SCHOLARSHIPS
Students selected for a U.S. Army scholarship receive full tuition, books, laboratory fees, classroom materials, and a monthly allowance of $100 during each academic year. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Only high school seniors are eligible to apply for four-year scholarships. Both ROTC and non-ROTC students, enrolled on campus as full-time students, may compete for the three-, two-, and one-year scholarships. All scholarship benefits are tax free and competition is open to both men and women.
FLIGHT TRAINING
Students selected for the advanced course may become qualified, as a cadet, to participate in the Army Aviation Program. These individuals will attend flight school after completion of their officer’s basic course while on active duty.
ARMY ROTC COURSE CREDIT
Army ROTC course credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the Professor of Military Science or dean of their college to clarify the number of credit hours to be awarded.
Air Force
U.S. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC), Folsom Stadium, Gate 3, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, 492-8351.
U.S. Air Force ROTC offers two programs leading to commission in the U.S. Air Force upon receipt of the baccalaureate degree. Graduate students may be commissioned upon completion of 12 hours of the professional officer course and a six-week summer training program.
STANDARD FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM
This program is in three parts: the general military course for lower division (freshman and sophomore) students, the professional officer course for upper division students, and leadership laboratory (attended by all students). Completion of the general military course is a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course. Completion of a four-week summer training course is required prior to commissioning.
MODIFIED TWO-YEAR PROGRAM
This program is offered to full-time, regularly enrolled degree students at both undergraduate and graduate levels who will have two years remaining at the University of Colorado at Boulder when they enroll. Selection is on a competitive basis. Applicants should apply directly to the Professor of Aerospace Studies not later than March 15 of the spring semester immediately preceding the academic year in which they desire to enroll in the program. Those selected for this program must complete a six-week field training program during the summer months as a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course the following fall or spring semester.
FLIGHT TRAINING
Expense-paid ground school and flight training are open to cadets approved and qualified for future USAF pilot training.
AIR FORCE COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
Students participating in Air Force ROTC may be eligible to compete for Air Force ROTC College Scholarships. Students selected for this program are placed on grants that pay tuition, book costs, non-refundable educational fees, and subsistence of $100 per month, tax free. All cadets enrolled in the professional officer course receive $100 per month subsistence during the regular academic year. Students are also eligible to compete for two-, three-, or four-year scholarships open to both men and women.
AFROTC COURSE CREDIT
AFROTC credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the appropriate college or the Professor of Aerospace Studies for determination of credit.
COURSES
See Department of Military Science in the Course Description section of this bulletin for courses offered.
BOARD OF REGENTS
JACK KENT ANDERSON, Golden, term expires 1984
RICHARD J. BERNICK, Denver, term expires 1986
FRED M. BETZ, JR., Lamar, term expires 1982
PETER C. DIETZE, Boulder, term expires 1984
BYRON L. JOHNSON, Denver, term expires 1982
SANDY F. KRAEMER, Colorado Springs, term expires 1982
RACHEL B. NOEL, Denver, term expires 1984
ROY H. SHORE, Greeley, term expires 1986
DAVID K. SUNDERLAND, Colorado Springs, term expires 1986
Staff
H.H. ARNOLD, Executive Secretary of the Board of Regents and of the University. B.A., LL.B., University of Colorado.
HERBERT R. DUNHAM, Assistant Vice President for Finance and Treasurer. B.S. (Bus.), Bryant College (Providence, Rhode Island). CPA: Colorado.


General Information /19
ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS University-Wide
ARNOLD WEBER, President of the University; Professor of Economics, UCB; Professor of Public Affairs, UCD. B.A., M.A., University of Illinois; Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
OLIVER M. SHERMAN, Vice President for External Affairs.
THEODORE VOLSKY, JR., Vice President for Administration; Professor of Psychology. B.S., M.S., Kansas State University; Ph.D., University of Minnesota.
University of Colorado at Denver
GENE M. NORDBY, Chancellor; Professor of Civil Engineering. B.S. (C.E.), Oregon State University; M.S. (C.E.), Ph.D., University of Minnesota. Professional Engineer: Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma.
PAUL J. KOPECKY, Vice Chancellor for Student and Administrative Services; Assistant Professor of Education. B.A., University of Northern Colorado; M.A., Ed.D., University of Colorado.
DWAYNE C. NUZUM, Acting Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs; Professor of Architecture. B.Arch., University of Colorado; M.(Arch.), Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Doctoral (Town Planning), Delft Technical University, The Netherlands. Registered Architect: Colorado, Virginia.
PATRICIA SENN BREIVIK, Director, Auraria Library; Professor. B.A. Brooklyn College; M.L.S., Pratt Institute (Brooklyn); D.L.S., Columbia University, School of Library Science.
GEORGE L. BURNHAM, Director, Admissions and Records. B.A., William Jewell College; M.A., University of Kansas City.
ELLEN CARUSO, Director, Alumni and Friends and Development. B.A., University of Montana.
WILLARD R. CHAPPELL, Director, Center for Environmental Sciences; Professor of Physics. M.A., Harvard University; B.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado.
KENNETH E. HERMAN, Director, Budget and Finance. B.S. (Bus.), University of Colorado.
BARBARA HOLLAND, Assistant to the Chancellor; Director, Office of Public Information and Publications. B.A., M.A., University of Missouri.
FLOYD C. MANN, Director, Institute for Urban and Public Policy Research; Professor of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., University of Iowa; Ph.D., University of Michigan.
PAUL E. BARTLETT, Associate Dean, College of Engineering and Applied Science; Professor of Civil Engineering. B.S. (C.E.), B.S. (Bus.), M.S. (C.E.), University of Colorado. Professional Engineer: Colorado.
REX 0. BENNETT, Associate Dean, College of Business and Administration; Associate Professor of Marketing. B.S., University of Tennessee; Ph.D., University of North Carolina.
WILLIAM D. BOUB, Dean, Summer Session; Director, Division of Continuing Education. B.S., Kansas State Teachers College; M.S., University of Illinois.
JOEL C. EDELSTEIN, Acting Associate Dean, Graduate School; Associate Professor of Political Science. B.A., M.A., New School for Social Research; Ph.D., University of California, Riverside.
DANIEL FALLON, Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; Professor of Psychology. B.A., Antioch College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia.
MARSHALL KAPLAN, Dean, Graduate School of Public Affairs; Professor of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., Boston University; M.C.P., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
GERALD W. LUNDQUIST, Associate Dean, School of Education; Professor of Education. B.A., University of Puget Sound; M.A., Ph.D., Arizona State University.
JOHN M. PROSSER, Resident Dean, College of Environmental Design; Professor of Urban Design. B.A.(Arch.), University of Kansas; M.Arch., Carnegie Institute of Technology. Registered Architect: Colorado, Kansas.
FRANZ L. ROEHMANN, Resident Dean, College of Music; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., State University of New York; M.Mus., Ed.D., University of Illinois.




College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration
Rex 0. Bennett, Associate Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
The College of Business and Administration and the Graduate School of Business Administration at UCD offer programs designed to train competent, responsible administrative and related professional personnel. The College serves students entering this field of study and men and women already in administrative positions—demonstrated by the fact that 80-85 percent of courses are offered in the evening. It promotes research and new thinking about administrative problems.
The major purpose of the College of Business is to provide opportunities both for a liberal education and for professional training. Students are given help in preparing not only for effective careers but also for satisfying living and constructive citizenship.
The Graduate School of Business Administration offers graduate-level education in business to persons with undergraduate degrees in business and other academic fields and prepares them for work in the broad spectrum of business enterprise. All Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) classes are offered in the evening.
The College was admitted to membership in the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business in 1938.
The College participates on a continuing basis in the Executive Program for the Gas Industry, the Institute or Organization Management, the Colorado School of Banking, the National Installment Banking School, the School of Bank Marketing, the School for International Banking, and many activities of the Center for Management and Technical Programs. The College also assists in the presentation throughout Colorado of a Certificate Program in Real Estate. The faculty also participate in many continuing education, government, and company educational programs.
The UCD Business Advisory Council serves as a direct link with the Denver business community to promote understanding, cooperation, and mutual gain in a variety of education-industry activities.
Career Opportunities
Graduates occupy positions and perform widely varied functions in:
Advertising
Banking
Consumer credit and mortgage finance
Credit administration Financial management Industrial selling and purchasing Information systems Insurance
International business Investments
Management accounting Management consulting Marketing management
Marketing research Media
Minerals land management Office management Operations research Personnel-Human resources management Production management Public accounting Real estate Retailing
Selling and sales management Traffic management Transportation Wholesaling
Others hold positions of responsibility in fields as diverse as business journalism, public relations, city planning, chamber of commerce and trade association management, college administration, and government.
Organization
Within the broad framework of policy established by the Regents of the University of Colorado, policy decisions for the College of Business are made by the Educational Policy Committee of the faculty under the chairmanship of the dean and are subject to review by the faculty as a whole.
The College’s activities at UCD are administered by the associate dean, by the heads of its several instructional divisions, and by other faculty directors of particular programs.
Research Activities
The Business Research Division provides facilities and trained personnel for research on business and economic problems. Established in 1915, the unit serves as the research arm of the College. The division serves Colorado and the surrounding region to improve the general economic welfare of the area and to gather and disseminate business and economic information; encourages research by faculty members and graduate students; and develops closer relationships between students, faculty, and businessmen.
Through its monthly publication, The Colorado Business Review, the division provides basic business information concerning Colorado. Other publications include compilations of business and economic data,


22 / University of Colorado at Denver
industry surveys, studies of special problems in business management, and regional community studies.
Honors Program
Upon recommendation of the faculty, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation.
Students must achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.3 and a grade-point average of 3.5 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado to be considered for cum laude.
Those who achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.5 and a grade-point average of 3.7 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado will be considered for magna cum laude.
Student Organizations
Opportunity for association with other College of Business and Administration students, in varied activities intended to stimulate professional interests and to give recognition to scholastic attainment, is provided by the following student organizations: AIESEC—international business association American Marketing Association—student chapter Beta Alpha Psi—national honorary and professional accounting fraternity
Beta Gamma Sigma—national honorary scholastic fraternity in business BREC—Buffalo Real Estate Club CSPA—Colorado Society for Personnel Administration (student chapter) for students interested in personnel or industrial relations Delta Sigma Pi—national professional business fraternity
MBA Association—University of Colorado association of master’s students in business Phi Chi Theta—national professional business and economics fraternity
Rho Epsilon—professional real estate fraternity Sigma Iota Epsilon—professional and honorary management fraternity
SAML—Student Association of Minerals Landmen
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Academic policies which apply to all UCD students are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. The policies that follow apply specifically to the College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration.
Upon admission, the student can be advised on the academic program by the College advisers. The student is responsible for knowing his/her status at all times.
Scholastic Load
The normal scholastic load of an undergraduate student in the College of Business is 15 semester hours, with 18 hours normally the maximum. Hours
carried concurrently in the Division of Continuing Education, whether in classes or through correspondence, are included in the student’s load.
Credit
To receive credit, all courses must be listed on the student’s dean’s page by the Office of Admissions and Records. Credit is then evaluated by the College of business to determine degree acceptability.
Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus are credited toward degree requirements if appropriate to the degree program.
Registration for Business Courses
The course admission criteria are designed to meet a number of objectives:
1. To assure access to business courses for students seeking a business degree.
2. To serve students in other colleges who have business-related educational objectives or requirements.
3. To serve the nondegree-seeking special students who have specific career or educational goals.
In order to serve the needs of nonbusiness degree students, core courses in the College of Business (Acct. 200, B.Ad. 100, B.Ad. 200, B.Law 300, Fin. 305, Mk. 300, Or.Mg. 330, Pr.Mg. 300, Q.M. 201) will be open to all University of Colorado students in good standing on a space-available basis. However, students admitted to the College of Business will be given priority in registering. For all business courses, nonbusiness degree students will be able to enroll up to a maximum of 21 semester hours.
Admission to noncore business courses will be limited to the following students:
1. Those admitted to the College of Business. (Refer to Model Degree Program in this section.)
2. Nonbusiness degree students who may request admission to business courses outside the core on a petition basis. However, the total number of College of Business courses may not exceed the 21-semester-hour limit.
3. Nondegree special students who may enroll for a maximum of 15 semester hours of business courses.
Attendance Regulations
Classroom attendance is at the discretion of the instructor. Students are responsible for determining each instructor’s policy on attendance.
Grading, Point System, and Pass/Fail Option
See the General Information section for Universitywide grading system and pass/fail policy. Students in the College may not take required business or nonbusiness courses, or business elective courses on a pass/fail basis. A maximum of 16 hours pass/fail credit may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business; transfer students may take 1 hour pass/fail for every 8 hours attempted at this institution. Pass/ fail determination must be made within the posted


College of Business and Administration / 23
deadline, and is irreversible. Failed courses may be repeated, but the F will be included in the grade-point average.
A student who receives an incomplete grade of IF must complete course requirements (exams, papers, etc.) and may not retake the entire course to remove the incomplete.
Adding and Dropping Courses
See the General Information section of this bulletin for University-wide drop/add policies.
Administrative Drop
Instructors may recommend to the College of Business and Administration office that students who fail to meet expected course attendance standards be dropped without discredit during the first 10 weeks of the semester.
Withdrawal
Students may withdraw without discredit at any time prior to the start of the final examination period.
Students who leave the University before the end of the semester should obtain a Withdrawal Form from the associate dean’s office and follow the instructions on the form. The completed form must be turned in to the Office of Admissions.
Appeal Procedure
Students should contact the associate dean or staff members in the College of Business and Administration office for appeal and petition procedures pertaining to rules and regulations of the College.
SPECIFIC UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC POLICIES
Standards of Performance
Students are held to basic standards of performance established for their classes with respect to attendance, active participation in course work, promptness in completion of assignments, correct English usage both in writing and in speech, accuracy in calculations, and general' quality of scholastic workmanship.
In general, examinations are required in all courses and for all students, including graduating seniors.
To be in good standing, students must have an overall grade-point average of not less than 2.0 (C = 2.0) for all course work attempted and a 2.0 for all business courses attempted. This applies to work taken at all University campuses. Activity physical education and remedial courses are not included in the overall average.
When semester grades become available, students below standard will be notified of (1) probationary status or (2) suspension. Students are responsible for being aware of their academic standing at all times and late grades and/or notification does not waive this responsibility.
College rules governing probation and suspension are as follows:
1. Any student whose overall grade average, or business course average, is less than 2.0 shall be placed on probation immediately. A student may be removed from probation when the overall average and the business average have been raised to 2.0.
2. A student shall remain on probation as long as the student maintains normal degree progress each semester as determined bythe College, and obtains no grade below a C; such probationary status may continue a maximum of four regular semesters (including summer) providing these provisions have been met. Failure to meet these provisions will result in indefinite suspension.
3. Indefinitely suspended students may attend the University of Colorado summer term in order to improve their grade averages in the area of deficiency, but may not attend any division of the University for at least two regular (fall and spring) semesters.
4. A student who has been under indefinite suspension for one calendar year may apply for readmission to the College of Business and Administration. If readmitted, that readmission will be on a probationary status. After being readmitted under such probationary status, any student who fails to comply with the requirements of his/her probation will be subject to permanent suspension.
5. Any student who is placed on suspension more than once will be permanently suspended from the College of Business.
6. Any student earning all failing grades or no academic credit for the semester will not be permitted to register without the dean’s approval.
7. Official combined degree students are required to maintain the same standards of performance as College of Business students in order to be continued in the combined business program.
Transfer Credit
Credits in business and nonbusiness subjects transferred from other institutions will be limited to the number of credit hours given for equivalent work in the regular offerings of the University. Transfer work is only accepted from institutions accredited by the regional association. In general, the College will limit transfer credit for business courses taken at a lower division level to such courses as the College offers at that level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. Transfer students must take 30 semester hours of business courses at the University after admission to the College of Business.
A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. Remedial or vocational work does not transfer. Business courses from junior colleges will not be applied toward degree requirements if the course work is offered at the junior-senior level at UCD.
For a detailed explanation of transfer credit, see the General Information section.


24 / University of Colorado at Denver
Correspondence Credit
Only 30 semester hours of credit, 9 of which may be in business, taken through correspondence study will be counted toward the B.S. degree in business. Required business courses and area of emphasis courses cannot be taken by correspondence. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability.
Credit by Examination
College Level Examination credits (CLEP subject examinations only) are acceptable toward degree requirements to a maximum of 30 hours. Specific information is available in the College of Business and Administration office, Room 512.
CLEP credit will be applied in the same manner as transfer credits. For credit, students must rank in the 66.7 percentile based on national available norms. Generally, CLEP credit is only appropriate for (a) nonbusiness requirements and (b) nonbusiness electives. A maximum of 6 hours of credit in any one course area is allowed. CLEP may not be used in course areas where credit has already been allowed. General examinations are not acceptable.
Credit for CLEP subject examinations in business course areas must have prior approval in writing by the College of Business and Administration and by the appropriate division head.
Advanced Placement (CEEB) credit will be given where appropriate to students who make scores of 3,4, or 5.
Special Sources of Credit
Without prior approval of the dean, the College reserves the discretion of accepting or rejecting all special sources of credit. A maximum of 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation or dance credits can be accepted toward graduation.
Up to 6 hours of experimental studies or independent study programs can be accepted toward graduation. A maximum of 3 hours of this type of credit may be taken in any one semester.
Junior or senior business students desiring to work beyond regular business course coverage may take variable credit courses (1 to 3 semester hours) under the direction of an instructor who approves the project, but the student must have prior approval. Information and request forms are available in the College of Business and Administration office. The request form must be signed by the instructor, division head of the student’s area of emphasis, and associate dean.
To receive credit for nonbusiness independent study courses, students should obtain the associate dean’s approval prior to registering for the course. Further information and forms are available in the College office.
There is no credit for work * experience or Cooperative Education programs.
ROTC Credit
Students who are enrolled in and complete the ROTC program may apply a maximum of 12 semester hours of advanced ROTC credit toward nonbusiness elective requirements and toward the 120-semester hour total degree requirement for the B.S. degree in business. No credit toward requirements is granted for basic (freshman and sophomore) ROTC courses. The ROTC adviser can provide more detailed information.
Study Abroad Credit
Transfer credit from study abroad programs is most appropriately applied as nonbusiness elective credit. Required business courses should not be taken during studies abroad. Students are responsible for checking with the College of Business and Administration for prior approval. Information on the various study abroad programs is available at the Office of International Education on the Boulder campus.
No Credit
Due to space limitation, business classes may not be taken on a no-credit basis.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM
The undergraduate curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree is intended to help the student achieve the following general objectives:
1. Understanding of the activities that constitute business enterprise and of the principles underlying administration of those activities.
2. Ability to think through logically and analytically the kinds of complex problems encountered by management.
3. Facility in the arts of communication.
4. Comprehension of the human relationships involved in an organization.
5. Awareness of the social and ethical responsibilities of those in administrative positions.
6. Skill in the art of learning that will help the student continue self-education after leaving the campus.
Admission of Freshman Students
See the General Information section for admission and application procedures.
Prospective students in business are encouraged to pursue a broad college preparatory program in high school, with particular emphasis on English, mathematics, the social sciences, and speech.
Candidates for the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree normally enter as freshmen. The College expects entering freshmen to present 15 units of the secondary course work. Completion of two units of algebra and two units of English composition is strongly recommended.


College of Business and Administration / 25
Admission of Transfer Students
See the General Information section for admission and application procedures.
Intrauniversity Transfer
Students who wish to transfer to the College of Business and Administration from another college or school of the University must formally apply at the College of Business office (Room 512). A minimum University of Colorado grade-point average and minimum number of academic hours (both established by the College) are required for consideration.
Students desiring admission to official combined programs must apply to and be accepted by the College of Business. Minimum grade-point averages are also established for these jointly enrolled students.
Second Undergraduate Degree
Students may apply to the College of Business and Administration to earn a second undergraduate degree, provided the first undergraduate degree is in a field other than business. The student who is accepted for the second undergraduate degree will be required to pursue courses in the sequence normally required for a degree plan. For example, if a student registered for the second degree has not had the required mathematics or general education courses, these must be taken before the student will be eligible to register for business courses. Further, the basic business courses (core courses) must be taken before a student begins to pursue the major field. Applications are available through the Office of Admissions and Records.
If a student applying for a second undergraduate degree has an academic record that justifies consideration for the graduate program, that student will be encouraged to consider one of the master’s programs.
Academic Advising
Each student in the College of Business is responsible for knowing and complying with the academic requirements and regulations established for the College and for classes. Upon admission to the College of Business and Administration or to the Graduate School of Business Administration, the student has the responsibility for conferring with the student advisers in the College concerning an academic program. Appointments for academic advising can be made by calling 629-2605.
Graduation Requirements
The student alone is responsible for the fulfillment of these requirements. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to the College of Business and Administration office (Room 512).
The Bachelor of Science (Business) degree requires:
1. Total Credits. A total of 120 acceptable semester hours of credit, of which at least 51 hours must be in
nonbusiness courses (including 9 hours of upper division work) and at least 51 hours in business courses. The remaining 18 hours may be in either, or some combination of both. This credit cannot include remedial work, repetition of courses, courses failed, or activity physical education, recreation and dance courses. However, a maximum 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation, and/or dance may be used. Advanced ROTC work is acceptable only if the ROTC program is completed. All incomplete grades and correspondence course grades must be completed and recorded at the Office of Admissions and Records no later than four weeks prior to graduation. It is the student’s responsibility to contact the instructor concerning the removal of incomplete grades. A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business.
2. Residence. Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business, after admission to the College of Business and Administration, including 12 hours in the area of emphasis. Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus after the candidate has been admitted to the College are acceptable toward this requirement.
3. Grade Average. Acceptable toward B.S. (Business) degree—2.0 for all University courses, 2.0 for all business courses and 2.0 for the specific 12 hours required for the student’s area of emphasis.
4. Graduation With Honors. Upon recommendation of the faculty of the College of Business, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation. Please refer to the Honors Program under the Information About the College section.
5. Intent to Graduate Form. Students must file an Intent to Graduate Form and Diploma Card with the College of Business and Administration office prior to registering for the last semester. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to a student adviser, Room 512.
6. Courses. Completion of all of the following required courses:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Area of emphasis....................................... 12
College algebra and calculus ............................ 6
Communication and composition ........................... 6
Core requirements (basic courses in accounting, business law, business statistics, business and society, data processing, marketing, finance, organization management, production and operations
management and business policy).......................... 30
Electives
Business................................................. 9
Nonbusiness (to include 9 hours of upper division work) . 15 Free electives (either business or nonbusiness electives) .. 18
General psychology........................................... 6
Introductory sociology or cultural anthropology ............. 3
Natural science (astro-geophysics, biology, chemistry, physical geography, geological sciences, and physics; applies as nonbusiness elective) ... 3
Political science............................................ 6
Principles of economics...................................... 6
Total 120


26 / University of Colorado at Denver
Model Degree Program
The following sequence of courses is a guide to registration.
Although only one area of emphasis will be listed on the student’s official records, students so desiring may accomplish the effect of a dual area of emphasis by careful selection of courses.
Freshman Year
Semester Hours ACCOUNTING
Engl. 102 or 103. English Composition...................... 3
C.T. 202 or 210. Communication Theory or Public Speaking . 3
Math. 107. Algebra for Social Science, and Business'...... 3
Math. 108. Calculus for Social Science, and Business'..... 3
P.Sci. 100. Introduction to Political Science ............. 3
P.Sci. 110. American National Government................... 3
Soc. 100. Introduction to Sociology2....................... 3
B.Ad. 100. Introduction to Business or a business elective’ ... 3
Nonbusiness electives4 .................................... 3
Natural science ........................................... 3
Total 30
Sophomore Year
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (macro/micro)... 6
Psy. 203, 204. General Psychology ........................... 6
B.Ad. 200. Business Information and the Computer........... 3
Q.M. 201. Business Statistics ............................... 3
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting.............. 3
Nonbusiness electives4 ...................................... 9
Total 30
Junior Year
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing.............................. 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance....................................... 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization .. 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management.............. 3
B.Law 300. Business Law....................................... 3
Business electives ........................................... 3
Nonbusiness electives4........................................ 3
Free electives ............................................... 9
Total 30
Senior Year
B.Ad. 411. Business and Society
or B.Ad. 410. Business and Government.................. 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B.Ad. 452. Small Business
Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship................... 3
Area of emphasis........................................... 12
Business electives ......................................... 3
Free electives............................................. 9
Total 30
Area of Emphasis
Each candidate for the B.S. (Business) degree must complete the prescribed courses in an area of emphasis comprising 12 semester hours taken at the University of Colorado. Typically, students select an area of emphasis from those offered after taking several of the “core” courses. Then they take the hours required for their selected area. Available areas of emphasis are:
Accounting
Finance
Information science International business Marketing
Minerals land management Organization management Personnel-human resources
Production and operations management
Public agency administration Real estate
Small business management Transportation and traffic management
Accounting courses are offered in several fields of professional accountancy at the intermediate, advanced, and graduate levels. They provide preparation for practice in one or more of the following fields:
Auditing Data processing and
Financial accounting control systems
Managerial accounting Teaching and research
Tax accounting
In all of these fields a thorough knowledge of the social, legal, economic, and political environment is needed. A high degree of analytical ability and communication skill is indispensible.
Courses in English composition, speech, ethics and logic are desirable. Courses in statistic and information systems, beyond the required College of Business core courses, are highly recommended.
The undergraduate area of emphasis in accounting consists of 12 hours beyond Acct. 200 and 202:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Acct. 322. Intermediate Financial Accounting I.......... 3
Acct. 323. Intermediate Financial Accounting II ........ 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting................................. 3
Accounting elective........................................ 3
Total 12
Students planning to pursue accounting as a career usually take more than the required 12 hours. Many students take a total of about 30 hours of accounting, often taking two courses each semester in their junior and senior years. Students should work closely with the accounting faculty in planning their accounting programs.
Students planning to take the CPA examination should take 30 hours of accounting and also be well prepared in statistics, business law, finance, and economics.
Graduate study in accounting is receiving increasing emphasis by professional organizations and employers. Students meeting admission requirements should consider continuing their education at the graduate level.
FINANCE
The principal areas of study in finance are financial management, monetary policy, banking, investments, and insurance. Finance is intended to give an understanding of fundamental theory pertaining to finance and to develop ability to make practical applications of the principles and techniques of sound financial
'Math 107 and 3 hours of college level calculus. (Math. 109 is recommended.) College algebra carries no degree credit and may not be used in lieu of Math. 107. Transfer students will receive credit for courses that are equivalent to Math. 107. Three hours of college level calculus may be substituted for Math. 108.
’Soc. 100 is recommended to meet the sociology requirement; however, Soc. 104, 119, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384, and Cultural Anthropology are acceptable.
’Applies as a business elective. This course is recommended but not required.
'For completion of the B.S. (Business) degree requirements, the student’s program must include at least 9 semester hours in upper division, nonbusiness courses (300- or 400-level).


College of Business and Administration / 27
management in business affairs. Every endeavor is made to train students to think logically about financial problems and to formulate sound financial decisions and policies. Numerous opportunities are to be found with financial institutions and in the field of business finance. Emphasis is placed on financial policy, management, control, analysis and decision making. Acct. 202 is a prerequisite for this area.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Fin. 401. Business Finance I ............................ 3
Fin. 402. Business Finance II............................ 3
Fin. 433. Investment and Portfolio Management............ 3
Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy .................... 3
Recommended Elective Courses
Fin. 440. International Financial Management.............. 3
Fin. 434. Security Analysis............................... 3
Fin. 453. Bank Management ................................ 3
R.Es. 454. Real Estate Finance............................ 3
Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance......................... 3
INFORMATION SCIENCE
The information science area is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The student develops those technical skills and administrative insights required for the analysis of information systems, the design and implementation of systems, and the management of data processing operations. The emphasis is on management information systems—systems for the collection, organization, accessing, and analysis of information for the planning and control of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied extensively.
The undergraduate area of emphasis consists of 12 hours beyond B.Ad. 200, Q.M. 201, and I.S. 215.
Required Core: (12 Hours) Semester Hours
1.5. 350. Database Information Systems.................... 3
1.5. 465. Systems Analysis and Design ................... 3
1.5. 470. Computerware.................................... 3
Q.M. 330. Operations Research............................. 3
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
In recent years, companies have completely reoriented their thinking, planning, and operations to capitalize on the opportunities offered in the world marketplace. Every phase of business operation is affected by this reorientation, and individuals who offer the appropriate skills, training, and orientation are in great demand.
The program reflects the basic principle that effectiveness in international business is based on a thorough training in business administration. The international business program provides the opportunity to build on these skills. The student electing this area must complete 15 semester hours as follows:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Econ. 441. International Trade (applies as a
non-business elective).................................... 3
B.Ad. 440. International Business Seminar ................... 3
Fin. 440. International Financial Management................... 3
Tr. Mg. 458. International Transportation...................... 3
Mk. 490. International Marketing............................... 3
Because of the availability of courses on the Denver campus, the requirements for this area may vary from those listed for the Boulder campus. Please see an academic adviser for course scheduling.
A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements for the second area can be included as part of the business and free elective hours. Foreign language skills are much sought after by business recruiters for this field. Other courses emphasizing international affairs may be elected from the following departments: anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Students interested in this area may start their preparation by electing language and other liberal arts and sciences courses in their program.
MARKETING
Marketing is concerned with analyzing the market for a product or service, planning and developing that product, determining the most appropriate distribution channels, pricing the product, and promoting it. Today the administrative policies and practices of any well-managed firm should be marketing-oriented toward the consumer.
The career opportunities in marketing reflect the business person’s awareness of the importance of this field. Today many individuals are rising to top executive positions by the marketing route. There are more executive and other job opportunities for women in the marketing field than in any other single area outside teaching or secretarial work. One out of every four people gainfully employed in this country is in a marketing position.
Career opportunities abound in personal selling, advertising, sales management, marketing research, retailing, wholesaling, marketing by manufacturers, international marketing, etc.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Mk. 330. Marketing research............................ 3
Marketing electives (beyond Mk. 300)................... 9
MINERALS LAND MANAGEMENT
The curriculum in minerals land management is designed to incorporate the primary course patterns of the College of Business and Administration along with certain field area preparation in geology, chemistry, economics, and land management.
With this preparation, the graduate is a candidate for entry into employment as a landman, exploration trainee, lease broker, and other jobs related to the


28 / University of Colorado at Denver
minerals industry. Colorado is presently the headquarters for a wide assortment of resource-based companies operating throughout the western United States and Canada. These companies need qualified employees and have helped in the preparation of the program.
The four-year program will consist of all College of Business requirements and must include the following courses. No required courses (business or nonbusiness) may be taken pass/fail.
/. Nonbusiness Courses Semester Hours
Geol. 207-208. Physical Geology and Geophysics'........... 8
Geology/Geography Option2 ................................. 7
Chem. 101. General Chemistry .............................. 4
2. Business Courses'
Acct. 202. Introduction to Managerial Accounting.......... 3
R.Es. 300. Principles of Real Estate...................... 3
Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting........................... 3
3. A minimum of 12 hours for the major area is required as specified below:
Required Courses
(The following four courses)
Ml.Mg. 485. Minerals Landman Administration ........... 3
Ml.Mg. 495. Oil-Gas and Mineral Law.................... 3
Fin. 401. Business Finance I .......................... 3
R.Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate
Transactions ....................................... 3
Recommended Elective Courses
R.Es. 430. Real Estate Appraisal ...................... 3
B.Law 412. Business Law................................. 3
Econ. 453. Natural Resources Economics................. 3
Econ. 454. Environmental Economics .................... 3
Econ. 476. Government Regulation of Business ........... 3
Econ. 477, 478. Economic Development—Theory
and Problems I, II.................................. 6
ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT
The organization management curriculum provides the foundation for a career in supervision and general management in a wide variety of organizations. It develops understanding and skill in management practice. The emphasis is on combining both the human resources and the appropriate operations technologies into productive organizations.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following two courses)
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups............. 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations................... 3
(At least one of the following)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations....................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment............... 3
(At least one of the following)
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control . 3 Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management............ 3
Recommended Electives in Addition to the Above
PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social Issues 3
PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development
and Compensation..................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and
Productivity Management.............................. 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and
Operations Management ............................... 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management.......... 3
B.Ad. 470. Small Business — Management and Operation ... 3
PERSONNEL — HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Personnel — human resources management offers opportunities for students to develop professional competence in the areas of personnel administration and labor relations. Students develop understanding and skill in developing and implementing personnel systems including recruitment, selection, evaluation, training, and motivation of employees, and union-management relations.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following four courses)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations.................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.............. 3
PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal
and Social Issues........................................ 3
PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning,
Development and Compensation............................. 3
Recommended Electives
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups.......... 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations.................. 3
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and
Productivity Mgt......................................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting.................................. 3
I.S. 350. Database and Information Systems................ 3
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics........................... 3
Soc. 305. Sociology of Work................................. 3
Econ. 461. Labor Economics ................................. 3
Psy. 485. Principles of Psychological Testing............. 3
Psy. 487. Personality Assessment ........................... 3
PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT
Production and operations management studies are designed to prepare students for careers as production manager, operations manager, management analyst, or systems analyst in such private sector organizations as manufacturing, banking, insurance, hospitals, and construction, as well as in a variety of municipal, state, and federal organizations.
Production or operations managers may be charged with the design, implementation, operation, and maintenance of the production systems. Managerial activities could include forecasting demand, production planning and inventory control, scheduling labor and equipment, job design and labor standards, quality control, purchasing, and facilities location and layout.
The outlook for jobs in this area continues to be strong in the 1980s. This placement is aided by the student chapter of the American Production and
'Geol. 101 may be substituted for Geol. 207.
7A minimum of 7 hours of the following geology or geography courses. These may not be taken pass/fail. Geological Development of Colorado and the West (Geol. 153-4). Environmental Geology (Geol. 370-3). Geohydrology (Geol. 404-3). Principles of Geomorphology (Geol. 463-4.) Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting (Geol. 493-4). Mineral Resources and World Affairs (Geol. 494-3). Map Interpretation (Geog. 306-3). Geographic Interpretation of Aerial Photos (Geog. 406-3).
’Apply as business electives.


College of Business and Administration / 29
Inventory Control Society and work intern programs provided to qualified students. Participation in live case research and consulting projects with local organizations is usually an integral part of this course of study.
Students whose major areas of emphasis are information systems, transportation management, or engineering will find the production management 400-level courses to be particularly well related to their courses of study.
Required Courses
(The following three courses)
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning
and Control............................................ 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis and Production and
Operations Management ................................. 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management........... 3
(One of the following courses)
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement, and Productivity
Management ........................................... 3
Q.M. 330. Operations Research.............................. 3
1.5. 215. Information Systems.............................. 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management.................. 3
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management....... 3
Recommended Electives
1.5. 350. Database Information Systems..................... 3
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups.......... 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations................. 3
PHR 434. Labor and Employee Relations ..................... 3
PHR 438. Personnel Administration: Employment ............. 3
PHR 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development,
and Compensation ....................................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting................................. 3
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics.......................... 3
Students planning to take the APICS (American Production and Inventory Control Society) or NAPM (National Association for Purchasing Management) certification examinations should consult with an adviser to determine which elective courses should be taken.
PUBLIC AGENCY ADMINISTRATION
Public agency administration is designed to prepare students for careers in management of governmental or other nonprofit service organizations. The curriculum in public agency administration provides the student with a foundation of core courses upon which to construct an area of emphasis which will focus on the type of service organization the student desires to enter upon graduation.
Required Courses
Acct. 480. Business and Governmental Budgeting
and Control.............................................. 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment............. 3
O.Ad. 440. Principles of Office Management................... 3
Q.M. 330. Operations Research................................ 3
REAL ESTATE
Real estate careers require knowledge of real estate investments, urban land economics, real estate law,
appraising, finance, taxes, management, sales, and accounting.
Real estate is one segment of the economy in which it is still possible for a person to be his/her own boss whether as a broker, appraiser, developer, syndicator or property manager.
Required Courses
(After completion of R.Es. 300) Semester Hours
R.Es. 430. Real Estate Appraising ........................ 3
R.Es. 454. Real Estate Financing.......................... 3
R.Es. 401 .Urban Land Analysis or
R.Es. 433. Real Estate Investments..................... 3
R.Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate................... 3
It is strongly recommended that any student planning to sit for the Colorado broker’s examination take all six of the real estate courses.
Recommended Electives
Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting........................ 3
Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance....................... 3
Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy ................... 3
Fin. 433. Investment and Portfolio Management............. 3
Mk. 310. Salesmanship..................................... 3
Mk. 320. Consumer Behavior................................ 3
Mk. 470. Sales Management ................................ 3
B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy,
and Entrepreneurship................................... 3
Arch. Eng. 240. Building Materials and Construction..... 3
SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Small business management studies provide understanding, knowledge, and skills in organizing and managing a small business. The emphasis is on the managerial aspects of the wide range of activities required of the entrepreneur.
A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements of the second area can be included as part of business or free electives. Additional courses in management, finance, accounting, and marketing should be planned in consultation with the adviser to serve individual career needs.
Required Courses Semester Hours
B.Ad. 470. Small Business—Management and Operation .... 3 (Two or three of the following four courses)
Fin. 401. Business Finance I ............................ 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting................................. 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment........... 3
Mk. 480. Marketing Policies and Strategies............... 3
Recommended Electives (at least one of the following)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations................... 3
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory
Planning and Control.................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and
Operations Management................................... 3
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management...... 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management.......... 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management................ 3
O.Ad. 440. Principles of Office Management............... 3
Fin. 402. Business Finance II.............................. 3


30 / University of Colorado at Denver
TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
The curriculum in transportation management includes the role of transportation in society and the problems of traffic management within specific industries as well as the management of firms in the transportation industry, such as airlines, trucking firms, railroads, and urban transit firms. International transportation management problems and policies are analyzed.
One of the recommended elective courses may be substituted with consent of the adviser for one of the required courses if there is a schedule conflict, if the course in not available, or if a student demonstrates a career need for such a course.
Required. Courses Semester Hours
(Any four of the following six courses)
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management....... 3
Tr.Mg. 452. Problems in Traffic Management ................ 3
Tr.Mg. 456. Air Transportation............................. 3
Tr.Mg. 457. Urban Transportation........................... 3
Tr.Mg. 458. International Transportation................... 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management.................. 3
Recommended Electives
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment........... 3
Tr.Mg. 451. Survey of Transportation: Law
and Freight Claims.................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management.......... 3
B.Ad. 470. Small Business—Management and Operation------- 3
COMBINED PROGRAMS
Numerous career opportunities exist for persons trained in both a specialized field and management. For this reason, students may be interested in combined programs of study leading to completion of degree requirements concurrently in two fields. Such combined programs have been arranged for engineering and business, pharmacy and business, and environmental design and business and may be arranged for other professional combinations as well.
The two programs of study proceed concurrently, terminating together with the awarding of two degrees. Generally, at least five years will be needed for such combined programs. No substitutions are allowed in this program. Students desiring to transfer from combined programs to the College of Business must apply and will be considered as intrauniversity transfers.
For students in combined programs, the requirements for the degree in business are as follows:
1. An application for admission to the combined program must be filed with the College of Business and approved by the deans of both colleges. Completion of at least 48 semester hours in business and economics, to include Econ. 201 and 202 (6 semester hours), required courses in business (30 semester hours), and a business area of emphasis (12 semester hours).
2. Completion of at least 30 of these semester hours at the University of Colorado while enrolled in the College of Business.
3. Completion of nonbusiness requirements in mathematics, communications, and the social and behavioral sciences in a degree program approved in advance by the College of Business. In addition, for some courses and areas of emphasis, there are prerequisite requirements which must be met.
4. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Students in a combined degree program are subject to all policies of the College of Business.
5. Any combined degree student who does not make reasonable progress toward the completion of the business degree requirements, as determined by the College of Business, may be dropped from the program.
6. The number of students accepted in any combined program may be numerically limited and is dependent upon existing demand each semester.
Shown below is the combined engineering-business program. For other combinations, students should consult with an academic adviser in the College of Business.
The requirements for all combined business and engineering programs are as follows:
Courses Semester Hows
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (should be completed during the student’s
sophomore or junior year).................................. 6
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting............. 3
B.Ad. 200. Business Information and the Computer............ 3
Q.M. 201. Business Statistics .............................. 3
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing............................ 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance....................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management.............. 3
Or.Mg. 300. Introduction to Management
and Organization........................................... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law....................................... 3
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B.Ad. 411.
Business and Society................................... 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business
Policy................................................. 3
B.Ad. 452. Small business Strategy, Policy and
Entrepreneurship....................................... 3
Specified courses in area of emphasis in one of the following fields; accounting, information science, finance, international business, marketing, minerals land management, production and operations management organization management, personnel—human resources, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and traffic management. All work in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado, College of Business and Administration.
Area of emphasis.........................................JL?
Total 48
GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS
Requirements for Admission—
Master’s Programs
Admission to the master’s programs will be determined by the following criteria:


College of Business and Administration / 31
1. Applicant’s academic record.
2. The applicant’s scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). (This test is given four times each year at numerous centers throughout the world. For information and to make application for the test, write to the Educational Testing Service, P.O. Box 966, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.)
In general, students failing to meet minimum standards are not admitted on a provisional status. Seniors in this University who have satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who need not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet requirements for bachelor’s degrees may be admitted to the Graduate School of Business Administration by special permission of the director of graduate studies.
Completed applications, including GMAT scores, two official transcripts from each college attended, and a $20 nonrefundable application fee should be in the Office of Graduate Studies, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, by March 1 for summer admission, by April 1 for fall admission, and by October 1 for spring admission. Applications received after these dates will receive lower priority.
BACKGROUND REQUIREMENTS
Students applying for graduate programs in business do not need to have taken their undergraduate degree in business. For those students the M.B.A. or M.S. degree programs provide a series of 3-semester-hour fundamental background courses. These include B.Ad. 501 (Accounting), B.Ad. 502 (Statistics); B.Ad. 503 (Marketing), B.Ad. 504 (Management and Organization); B.Ad. 505 (Finance); B.Ad. 506 (Business Law), B.Ad. 507 (Management Science), and Econ. 201 and 202 (Macro and Micro Economics) or Econ. 300 (Accelerated Principles of Economics). In addition, all graduate students are required to take either B.Ad. 500 (Sources of Information and Research Methods—1 semester hour) or pass a qualifying examination. These fundamental courses do not carry graduate credit nor may they be used to satisfy requirements for the bachelor’s degree in business. They are open only to admitted graduate students.
Graduate students possessing an undergraduate degree in business must be prepared to present the following acceptable course work in order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental course:
Semester Hours
Introduction to Accounting 6 (Financial/
Statistics Managerial) By qualifying
Principles of Marketing 3 exam only1
Introduction to Management and Organization 3
Finance 3
Business Law 3
Operations Research 3
Principles of Economics 6 (Macro/Micro) or
3 (accelerated economics; must include Macro/Micro)
Remedial work is required of all applicants accepted for the M.B.A. and M.S. programs who do not have the mathematical and programming skills.
General Information—Master’s Programs
The M.B.A. program is a two-year curriculum with the possibility of waiver, for properly prepared students, of all or part of the first year. The student must request course exemption and should be prepared to support the request for waiver. Up to 25 credit hours (First Year Program) of course work may be waived.
Advising. All graduate students should report first to the student adviser in the Graduate School of Business Administration office for the purpose of ascertaining deficiencies and principal field of interest. The division heads of each area serve as faculty advisers.
During the first term of residence, each student should prepare a degree plan. This plan, with appropriate signatures, should be filed in the Office of Graduate Studies.
Qualifying Examination. Satisfactory performance on the Graduate Management Admission Test and admission into a master’s program with the status of a regular degree student will constitute the qualifying examination for graduate study.
Course Load. The normal course load for graduate students is 12-15 semester hours.
Minimum Hours Required. A candidate for a master’s degree in business must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate work plus any deficiencies. A maximum of 6 semester hours of graduate work can be transferred from another AACSB-accredited master’s program.
Comprehensive Examination. A comprehensive examination is not required for students pursuing the Master of Business Administration degree program. Each candidate for a Master of Science or Master of Business Education degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been met. This examination is given near the end of the candidate’s last semester of residence. Students must be registered when they take this examination. Comprehensive examinations are given in November, April, and July.
Students must file an Application for Admission to Candidacy with the Office of Graduate Studies during the first month of the final term of their residency.
Minimum Grade-Point Average. A minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 must be achieved in courses taken after the student’s admission to the graduate program. If the student’s cumulative grade-point average falls below 3.0, he or she will be placed on academic probation and given one regular semester (summer terms excluded) in
'Students entering any of the graduate programs are required to take either B.Ad. 502 (Fundamentals of Business Statistics) or to pass satisfactorily a qualifying examination covering this subject matter.


32 / University of Colorado at Denver
which to achieve the required 3.0 cumulative average. Failure to achieve the required average within the allotted time period will result in dismissal.
Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she has received a grade of C, D, or F. Both the original grade and the grade for the repeated course count in the computation of the grade-point average.
To earn a grade of W (withdrawal) in a course, a graduate student must be earning a grade of C or better in that course. Students will not be permitted to withdraw from courses after the tenth week of the semester.
An IF (incomplete) will be automatically converted to an F after one academic year.
Time Limit. All 30 semester hours of graduate work, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years or six successive summers. Candidates for the master’s degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity.
Master of Business Administration
The Master of Business Administration program is devoted to the concepts, analytical tools, and communication skills required for competent and responsible administration. The administration of an enterprise is viewed in its entirety and within its social, political, and economic environment.
In addition to the background requirements for a master’s degree listed above, the candidate for the M.B.A. degree must complete the specific requirements of the M.B.A. curriculum (30 semester hours) as follows:
Core Requirements Semester Hours
a. Functional Courses
One course is required from each of the following groups: Fin.
601 or Mk. 600; Pr.Mg. 640 (Logistics), or I.S. 645. Candidates
with either marketing or finance undergraduate majors shall
not take the corresponding functional course to fulfill this re-
quirement ............................................. 6
b. Business and Its Environment
Business, Government, and Society (B.Ad. 610) ......... 3
c. Analysis and Control
Business and Economic Analysis (B.Ad. 615)............. 3
Administrative Controls (B.Ad. 640).................... 3
d. Human Factors
Organizational Behavior (B.Ad. 640) ................... 3
e. Planning and Policy
Administrative Policy (B.Ad. 650)...................... 3
Area of Emphasis .......................................... 9
Total 30
Areas of emphasis include accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel—human resources management, production and operations management, and transportation and traffic management.
For students taking an area of emphasis in accounting, Acct. 322, 323 and 332 or their equivalents are prerequisites for all graduate-level accounting courses. Acct. 533 is substituted for B.Ad. 620. Acct.
628 and two other graduate-level accounting courses are required in the area of emphasis. It is strongly recommended that accounting students take Fin. 601 as one of their functional courses.
Requirements for an area of emphasis in finance are Fin. 601, 602 and either Fin. 633 or 655.
Requirements for an area of emphasis in marketing are Mk. 600, 605 and one additional graduate marketing course.
Candidates pursuing the area of emphasis in management science must elect either a decision science option or an information science option. Those electing the decision science option will be required to take Mg.Sc. 601, 602 and Q.M. 620. Those electing the information science option will be required to take I.S. 645, 650 and either I.S. 565 or I.S. 570.
Students taking other areas of emphasis should consult the head of the division concerning the requirements.
No thesis is required in the M.B.A program. In the total program there must be a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate course work and a minimum of 24 semester hours of course work at the 600 level. Independent study is normally not acceptable for credit in the final 30 semester hours of the M.B.A. program.
Master of Science
The Master of Science degree affords opportunity for specialization and depth of training within a particular major field and a related minor field.
MAJOR FIELDS
For detailed information concerning requirements and recommended programs for each of the major fields, students should consult the division heads of the following areas: Accounting, Finance, Management Science, Marketing, and Management and Organization. Call 629-2605 for division head’s name and telephone number.
With the approval of the student’s adviser and the director of graduate studies, minor fields may be chosen from business subjects or from other graduate departments.
Fields available in the College of Business for selection as a minor are:
Accounting
Finance
Management science
Marketing
Organization management
Personnel-human resources management
The minimum requirements for the M.S. degree, after all undergraduate background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan II. The student’s degree program should be approved in advance by the advisory committee and the director of graduate studies.
Production and operations management Real estate
Transportation and traffic management


College of Business and Administration / 33
Plan I. The requirement is 30 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. A minimum of 21 semester hours of credit is required of all candidates and, including the thesis, must be earned in a major field. A minimum of three courses, normally 9 semester hours but not fewer than 6, must be completed in a minor field. A minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level.
Plan II. A minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work must be met in both a major and a minor field. No thesis is required. Of the 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work, a minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level.
All M.S. students must pass written comprehensive examinations covering major and minor fields. The candidate’s committee may require an oral final comprehensive examination subsequent to the written examination.
Minors Without Majors in Fields of Business
Graduate students majoring in other divisions of the University may elect as a minor some field of study within the College of Business and Administration. Acceptable fields are:
Accounting
Finance
Management science Marketing Organization management
Personnel-hum an
resources management Production and operations management
Transportation and traffic management
The student must complete two preparatory fundamentals courses, or their equivalents, as background preparation in the particular field. These two courses will be selected in consultation with a College of Business and Administration adviser. Validation of background preparation may be required through examination, either written or oral, or both.
To complete a minor at the graduate level in one of the fields within the college, the student must present not fewer than two graduate courses, and not fewer than 6 semester hours at the 500 or 600 level. Courses taken to apply on a minor must form a logical sequence or unit and should be approved in advance by a representative of the subject field from which the courses are selected.
Doctor of Business Administration
Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for information regarding the Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) program.


School of Education
Gerald W. Lundquist, Associate Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL
UCD offers undergraduate and graduate programs to prepare teachers and other educational workers. The education of school personnel has long been a recognized responsibility of the University. No program of studies involves the coordination of more scholastic disciplines than does the education of teachers. None is more fundamental, more significant, more far-reaching, or more enduring in its impact on society.
The teacher education program, both undergraduate and graduate, is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education. Membership also is held in the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education.
Students interested in pursuing a program of studies leading to initial teacher certification should consult the School of Education office. Those desiring to pursue graduate programs or to take courses as graduate students should consult the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
All application forms for School of Education programs are available in the school office, located at 1100 14th St.; telephone 629-2717.
TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM
The Teacher Certification Program is designed to prepare elementary and secondary teachers for urban school settings through academic work, professional studies, classroom teaching experiences, community field experiences, and urban studies courses.
Graduate and undergraduate teacher certification programs are available at UCD in elementary education and in secondary education in the fields of communication and theatre, English, German, French, Spanish, mathematics, science, and social studies.
Undergraduate students must fulfill all degree requirements of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. For students who already have a B.A., B.S., or advanced degree it is possible to obtain teacher certification only or to work toward an advanced degree in education while obtaining Colorado teacher certification.
Student Candidates
1. Juniors and seniors who are working on a B.A. degree.
2. Persons who already have B.A., B.S., or advanced degrees, but who do not have teaching certificates.
The Program
First Semester (Fall) Semester Hours
T.Ed. 406/506. Foundations of American Education'.....
T.Ed. 413/513. General Educational Psychology1 .......
T.Ed. 436/536. Teaching Reading in Urban Schools'.....
T.Ed. 473/573. The City as a Cultural Laboratory......
T.Ed. 420/520. Media in Education.....................
Time Commitment for Field Experiences:
T.Ed. 406/506. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools
T.Ed. 413/513. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools
T.Ed. 436/536. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools
If the student elects to take these courses out of sequence, such as T.Ed. 406/506 the first semester and T.Ed. 413/513 and 436/536 the following fall, the time commitment will be a minimum of four hours per week each semester.
City as a Cultural Laboratory: To be offered fall semester in the form of individualized field experiences in the city of Denver. Seminars will be held during the semester to process the experiences.
K-12: T.Ed. 436/536 and T.Ed. 413/513 will be offered with one section designated with an elementary emphasis and one section with an emphasis on secondary aspects. All other courses will maintain the K-12 perspective.
Second Semester (Spring) Semester Hours
Special Methods:
a. For elementary certification:
T.Ed. 415/515. Basic Elementary Block..................... 8
b. For secondary certification:
Discipline-area methods course............................ 3
T.Ed. 475/575. School-Based Field Experience (Secondary) .. 2
6 hours per week in Denver Public Schools T.Ed. 475/575. School-Based Field Experience (Elementary) . 4 12 hours per week in Denver Public Schools T.Ed. 412/512. Development, Communication, and Group Process.................................................. 3
Full-time involvement in School of Education for elementary-level students during second semester of program.
Summer Session (OptionalEnrollment)
This additional semester may be necessary for some students to complete program requirements during a two-year period.
'A field experience component is an integral part of each of these courses.
co to CO CO CO


School of Education / 35
1. Student teaching (T.Ed. 470/570, T.Ed. 471/571, T.Ed. 439/539, T.Ed. 440/540).
2. Academic work in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
3. Elective courses in the School of Education also may be taken during the summer terms.
Third Semester(Fall) Semester Hours
Elementary certification: (Involves an 8-week full-time student teaching assignment, concurrent seminar.)
T.Ed. 470/570. Student Teaching-Elementary School........ 8
T.Ed. 439/539. Seminar in Elementary Student Teaching .... 1
T.Ed. 408/508. Methods and Materials for Teaching
the Exceptional Student.............................. 3
Secondary certification:
T.Ed. 471/571. Student Teaching-Secondary School
(8 weeks full time or 16 weeks half-time assignment) .... 8
T.Ed. 440/540. Seminar in Secondary Student Teaching.... 1
T.Ed. 408/508. Methods and Materials for Teaching the Exceptional Student................................. 3
Fourth Semester (Spring)
T.Ed. 414/514. Seminar: Urban Education, Bilingual/
Multicultural Education................................ 3
Admission Procedures
A check list which outlines the steps necessary for admission into the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Education office. Students should obtain and follow the procedures as listed. For further information contact the School of Education, 1100 14th St. 629-2717. A comprehensive handbook
describing the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Auraria Bookstore.
Rehabilitation Services Program
The School of Education offers a two-year program in rehabilitation services to juniors and seniors, focusing strongly on the recruitment and training of minorities. Students entering the program must have completed 60 semester hours by September of the year for which application is made and should consult with the School of Education regarding entrance requirements. The program leads to a B.S. degree, but not a teaching certificate.
The program combines didactic and experiential facets of rehabilitation counseling. Trainees spend a minimum of two days per week working in settings such as drug and alcohol treatment centers, juvenile probation, and rehabilitation service agencies. The program requires 30 hours of core curriculum courses during the junior and senior years.
Applications of admission to the Rehabilitation Services Program are accepted each year until July 31.
Graduate Programs
Refer to the Graduate School section of this bulletin for information regarding graduate programs in education.


College of Engineering and Applied Science
Paul E. Bartlett, Associate Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROFESSION
Through engineering the resources of nature are used for the benefit of humanity and the environment. Engineers today are expected not only to be competent planners and designers of technical systems, but significant contributors to the betterment of their environment in the social and humanistic sense as well. Engineering professional societies have committed themselves to the principle that, as mankind gains the ability to build more powerful machines and more useful devices, there must be a strong and successful effort to protect natural resources and the environment.
An engineering career demands hard work, and so does an engineering education. In return engineers have excellent opportunities to work in various places, meet new challenges, or move upward in management. The engineer is generally well paid and usually in demand; in the rare times when there is a surplus of certain kinds of engineers, individuals usually have little difficulty finding attractive opportunities in other fields.
Currently, registration is required in all states for the legal right to practice professional engineering. Although there are variations in the state laws, graduation from an accredited curriculum in engineering, subscription to a code of ethics, and four years of qualifying experience are required. In addition, two days of examinations covering the engineering sciences and the applicant’s practical experience are required in most states. Those who cannot qualify for registration are expected to work under experienced registered engineers.
A listing of the fields in which engineers work would have many hundreds of entries. The following list by departments gives only a brief summary.
The aerospace engineering sciences prepare engineers for an industry that encompasses the design and construction of both commercial and military aircraft and the development and fabrication of space vehicles. Advances in this technology have permitted the industry to enter also the fields of urban mass transit, undersea exploration, bioengineering, nuclear engineering, laser technology, and many other emerging high technology fields. An aerospace engineer often works at the forefront of engineering with scientists in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, etc.
Applied mathematics meets the need of modern research, which is dependent upon advanced mathematical concepts. Almost all concerns that are engaged in industrial and scientific research today need applied mathematicians, as do organizations involved in computational work, statistical analysis, or stochastics.
Architectural engineering prepares students for careers in the building industry and for research at the graduate level on building-related topics. This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer.
The architectural engineering curriculum is recommended for those wishing to specialize within the building industry in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering.
Chemical engineers convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products in facilities that include refineries and gasification plants. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering—oils, metals, glass, plastics, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others.
The department has recently revised and upgraded its bioengineering/premedical engineering program. It is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also working hard on energy problems and is stressing in its instructional program problems of energy conversion.
Civil engineering offers an interesting and challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipelines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and the control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction and contracting industry; and in the problems concerned with man’s physical environment and the growth of cities.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 37
Electrical engineering offers professional possibilities that include teaching and research in a university; research in development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products; design of equipment or systems; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government. There are numerous specialties within electrical engineering. Among them are the design of computer interfaces and computer software; electromagnetic fields, which are basic to radio, television, and related systems; communication theory and signal processing; electrical machinery; solid-state, integrated-circuit, and electron devices, energy and power, control systems and others.
The electrical engineering and computer science program is designed to provide entrance into the profession for students who wish to work in computer engineering. This includes design and construction of efficient software systems as well as an introduction to hardware design. Present interest is in the application of microprocessors.
The engineering physicist works where new kinds of engineering are being bom, or where many fields are being used jointly. General knowledge of the diverse fields of physics provides the ability to deal with industrial problems that cannot be solved by a standardized procedure in a specialized field. The training prepares the student for a career in physics where there are many and varied opportunities in development work and industrial research. It is also basic for graduate work in physics and for specialized training in research.
Mechanical engineering is very broad in scope, not identified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device, or system but instead is concerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively. The objective of the undergraduate program is to prepare the student to meet and anticipate change, and to work with technologies as yet unknown. Typical starting assignments for the graduating senior include positions with oil, construction, and automotive industries.
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE B.S. Degree
The College of Engineering and Applied Science offers at UCD complete four-year programs leading to the B.S. degree in civil engineering, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. A number of the courses leading to the B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, and engineering physics also are offered at UCD.
The course requirements during the freshman year are essentially the same throughout the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
About two-thirds of the sophomore year is common to all, and the remainder of the courses begin to point
to the various fields of engineering taught; real specialization begins, however, in the junior year and carrries on through the senior year. A fifth year of study leading to the master’s degree is strongly urged for students of more than usual ability who feel they can profit from additional study. Those in this category are likely to achieve greater ultimate success in the engineering profession.
At UCD it is also possible for a student to obtain a bachelor’s degree in engineering and a bachelor’s degree in business in five years plus one or two summer terms. Any of the engineering degree programs can be modified for an excellent premedical program. If liberal arts students elect certain courses in science, mathematics, and engineering as undergraduates, they may earn an engineering degree in four semesters after graduation from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
M.S. Degree
At the graduate level, UCD offers degree programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.
For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the Master of Engineering, Master of Science, or to the Ph.D. degree, see the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog and the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Summer Courses
Summer term courses are planned for regular students who must clear deficiencies and for transfer students. Courses also are offered for high school graduates who wish to enter as freshmen and for those who need to remove subject deficiencies. For information about courses, students should write to the associate dean of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, UCD, for the Schedule of Summer Courses.
For many students there are several advantages in starting their college careers during the summer term. Some required freshman and sophomore courses are normally offered at UCD during the summer. Generally, the summer classes are smaller than regular academic-year classes, which means that students can get more individual attention. The summer term gives students a head start and enables them to take a lighter load during the fall semester or take additional courses to enrich their program.
Scholarships, Fellowships, and Loan Funds
Money contributed to the University Development Foundation for assistance to engineering students is deposited in appropriate accounts and used according to the restrictions imposed by the donors. Numerous industries match employee contributions. A list of companies contributing to scholarships and fellowships and different loan funds available can be obtained from the associate dean’s office.


38 / University of Colorado at Denver
Student Organizations
The following honorary engineering societies have active student chapters in the College of Engineering and Applied Science:
Chi Epsilon, civil and architectural fraternity Eta Kappa Nu, electrical engineering society Tau Beta Pi, engineering society
Student chapters of the following professional societies are well established at UCD:
American Society of Civil Engineers Association for Computing Machinery Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Society of Women Engineers
The following societies have chapters on the Boulder Campus; however, UCD students are eligible for membership:
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics American Institute of Chemical Engineers American Society of Mechanical Engineers Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics
These societies meet frequently to present papers, speakers, films, and other programs of technical interest. A general student organization, known as the Associated Engineering Students, of which all students in the College are members, has supervision of matters of interest to the whole group.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
The prospective engineering student needs to be able to work hard, should enjoy mathematics, and should have a keen interest in science and its methods. Sound curiosity about the principles governing the behavior of forces and materials and the ability to visualize structures and machines are necessary prerequisites. The ability to express ideas in both written and spoken form is of primary importance.
In order to enroll, the student must meet the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the admission requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin. Students who have been out of high school for two or more years may petition the College for admission. Persons of sufficient maturity and experience who do not meet the prescribed requirements for admission may be admitted upon approval of the associate dean.
Beginning students in engineering should be prepared to start analytic geometry-calculus. No credit toward a degree will be given for algebra or trigonometry (courses will be offered to allow a student to make up deficiencies). Any student who questions the adequacy of his or her precollege background in mathematics should see the applied mathematics coordinator for suggestions. A diagnostic test covering precalculus mathematics will be available, prior to registration, to assist new freshmen in selecting the appropriate beginning mathematics course.
To be prepared for the type of mathematics courses that will be taught, the student must be competent in
the basic ideas and skills of ordinary algebra, geometry, and plane trigonometry. These include such topics as the fundamental operations with algebraic expressions, exponents and radicals, fractions, simple factoring, solution of linear and quadratic equations, graphical representation, simple systems of equations, complex numbers, the binomial theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, logarithms, the trigonometric functions and their use in triangle solving and simple applications, and the standard theorems of geometry, including some solid geometry. It is estimated that it will usually take seven semesters to cover this material adequately in high school.
It is recommended that students take at least two units of a foreign language.
Freshmen
High School Subjects Required
Required for Admission' Units1
English (literature, composition, grammar) 4
Mathematics distributed as follows:
Algebra 2
Geometry 1
Additional mathematics 1
Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) 2
Social studies and humanities 3
(Foreign languages and additional units of English, history, and literature are included)
Electives1 _3_
Total 16
Former Students
Former students must meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin. Records made at collegiate institutions while the student was a member of the armed forces will not necessarily be a determining factor in a student’s readmission to the University of Colorado, but all such records should be submitted. Students who have withdrawn must obtain permission of the associate i dean to re-enroll in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Students who interrupt their course of study may be required to take any preparatory courses which have been added during their absence or to repeat courses in which their preparation is thought to be weak.
Transfer Students
Students transferring from other accredited collegiate institutions may be considered for admission
'Applicants not meeting these requirements will be considered on an individual basis. A student who is not prepared should expect to make up deficiencies.
*A unit of work in high school is defined as a course covering a school year of not fewer than 36 weeks, with five periods of at least 40 minutes per week. (Two periods of manual training, domestic science, drawing, or laboratory work are equivalent to one period of classroom work.) This is equivalent to 180 actual periods per unit. Fractional credits of value less than one-half unit will not be accepted. Not less than one unit of work will be accepted in a foreign language, elementary algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry, or biology.
’Electives may be chosen from any of the high school subjects (except physical education) which are accepted by an accredited school for its diploma and which meet the standards as defined by the North Central Association. However, not more than two units will be considered from drawing, shop, or other vocational work; courses that have descriptive geometry features may be considered for elective units beyond the recommended units.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 39
on an individual basis if they meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin and the freshman requirements for entering the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Intrauniversity transfers within the same campus of the University to the College of Engineering and Applied Science will be considered on an individual basis if both of the following conditions are fullfilled.
1. Enrollment limitations permit.
2. The student’s prior academic record fulfills the admissions requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Intercampus transfers of students from one campus of the University to another will be considered on an individual basis if the following conditions are fulfilled:
1. Enrollment limitations permit.
2. The student has a minimum of 30 hours in an engineering curriculum at that campus, not counting transfer hours.
3. If an engineering student, the student is in good academic standing with at least a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average for all courses attempted and for all courses that count toward graduation requirements. If not an engineering student, the student’s academic record has all that fulfills the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Some course sequences should be completed before transferring to another campus; therefore, it is strongly recommended that students who contemplate transferring campuses see their department adviser prior to initiating the transfer request.
Both intrauniversity and intercampus transfers are subject to review by a faculty committee which evaluates the applicant’s qualifications for academic success in engineering subjects.
TRANSFER CREDIT
After a prospective transfer student has made application and submitted transcripts to the University of Colorado, the Office of Admissions and Records issues a Statement of Advanced Standing (currently Form 382) listing those courses that are acceptable by University standards for transfer. A copy of this statement is received by the associate dean’s office at the time the student is admitted by the Office of Admissions and Records and is made a part of the permanent record. The appropriate engineering faculty departmental representative will use this copy of the form to indicate which of those credits listed may be acceptable toward the 136-hour graduation requirement in the College of Engineering and Applied Science and note the tentative acceptance of these credits by dating and initialing each acceptable course listed on the Statement of Advanced Standing. The student will be notified that the acceptance is tentative and is contingent upon satisfactory completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado before the credits may be officially
applied toward the degree requirements. It is the responsibility of transfer students, after having completed the 30 semester credit hours at the University of Colorado, to request final validation of the credits by their department and to have this validation noted on the Statement of Advanced Standing kept in the associate dean’s office.
If at any time a student wishes to have a course not previously accepted considered again for transfer, the student should consult with the departmental transfer adviser and complete a petition to the associate dean through the department chairman. All transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses.
NONTRANSFERABLE CREDITS
Students desiring to transfer credits from engineering technology programs should note that such credits are accepted only upon the submission of evidence that the work involved was fully equivalent to that offered in this College.
There are technology courses given with titles and textbooks identical to those of some engineering courses. These may still not be equivalent to engineering courses because of emphasis that is non-mathematical or otherwise divergent.
In order to assist engineering technology students with transfer problems, the following guidelines have been established:
Courses on basic subjects such as mathematics, physics, literature, or history may be acceptable for direct transfer of credit if they were taught as part of an accredited program for all students and were not specifically designated for technology students.
Students who have taken technology courses (courses with technology designations) that may be valid equivalents for engineering courses have these options:
1. They may petition faculty advisers to waive the course. The requirement for a course can be waived if students demonstrate that, by previous course work, individual study, or work experience they have acquired the background and training normally provided by the course. No credit is given toward graduation for a waived course, but strong students may benefit from the waiver by being able to include more advanced work later in their curriculum. Other students may profit by taking the course at this College instead and thus establish a fully sound basis for what follows.
2. Credit for a course may be given if the course work was done at an accredited institution of higher education. The University of Colorado department involved may recommend that credit be transferred to count toward the requirements for a related course in its curriculum. Credit cannot be given for vocational-technical or remedial courses under rules of the University. (See section on transfer of college-level credit in the General Information section of this bulletin.)
3. Students may seek credit for the course by examination.


40 / University of Colorado at Denver
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Refer to the General Information section of this bulletin for descriptions of University-wide policies.
The following policies apply specifically to the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Advanced Placement
Advanced placement credit may be granted by special examination of the department involved or by College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) tests. If the applicant has scored 4 or 5 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination, credit toward graduation may be awarded. Students who have scored 3 may be considered for advanced placement by the department concerned. All advanced placement and transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses, in accordance with standard transfer policies of the College.
Advanced placement credit for the freshman mathematics courses in calculus will be limited to not more than 4 hours each. Equivalent mathematics courses from other colleges are usually accepted at full value.
Attendance Regulations
Successful work in the College of Engineering and Applied Science is dependent upon regular attendance in all classes. Students who are unavoidably absent should make arrangements with instructors to make up the work missed. Students who, for illness or other good reason, miss a final examination must notify the instructor or the associate dean’s office no later than the end of the day on which the examination is given. Failure to do so will result in an F in the course.
Changing Departments
Students who wish to change to another department within the College of Engineering and Applied Science must apply for transfer by submitting a Change of Major For Undergraduate Degree Students form which must have the approval of both departments concerned and the associate dean.
College-Level Examination (CLEP) Credit
Prospective students may earn college-level credit through the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) subject examinations, provided that they score at the 67th percentile or above. Departments will advise students of the credits accepted for such courses. The number of credits so earned must be within the limits of the number of elective hours of the individual department. A list of subjects in which CLEP examination credit will be accepted may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science office. The currently approved list includes 23 subjects in the fields of computing, business, science, mathematics, the humanities, and social sciences. (See also College-Level Examination Program in the
General Information section of this bulletin.) (CLEP general examinations are not acceptable.)
Counseling
Freshman students are counseled by the associate dean’s office and by representatives from each academic department. These representatives are readily available to assist students with academic, vocational, or personal concerns.
Students are assigned specific departmental advisers for academic planning and should consult with the departmental chairman or designated representative for assignment.
Course Load Policy
Full-time Students. Undergraduate students employed less than 10 hours per week should register for the regular work as outlined in the departmental curricula. Additional courses may be allowed when there is satisfactory evidence that these extra courses can be taken profitably and creditably. Permission to take more than 21 hours or fewer than 12 hours may be granted only after written petition to the associate dean. The petition must carry the approval of the departmental faculty adviser.
Employed Students. Suggested maximum course loads for undergraduate students employed 10 or more hours per week are as follows:
Employed 40 or more hours per week—two courses (maximum of 9 semester hours)
Employed 30 to 39 hours per week—three courses (maximum of 12 semester hours)
Employed 20 to 29 hours per week—four courses (maximum of 15 semester hours)
Employed 10 to 19 hours per week—five courses (maximum of 18 semester hours)
Freshman Year
Fundamentals taught in the freshman year are of prime importance in the more advanced classes, and every effort is made to register a beginning freshman in the proper courses. (Course requirements for freshmen are detailed within the curriculum given under each department.)
All freshmen are urged to consult their instructors whenever they need help in their assignments.
Repetition of Courses
A student may not register for credit in a course in which he already has received a grade of C or better. When a student takes a course for credit more than once, all grades are used in determining the grade-point average. An F grade in a required course necessitates a subsequent satisfactory completion of the course. Students may not register for credit in any course which they have previously enrolled in and completed for NC (no credit).
Work Experience
It is the policy of the College of Engineering and Applied Science that any credits accrued in the official


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 41
records of the student that were awarded for work experience (or for Cooperative Education experience) will not apply as part of the 136 semester hours required for an engineering degree.
Policy on Academic Progress
The following is a statement of the Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
An overall average of 2.0 or better, in hours taken at the University of Colorado toward graduation requirements, is necessary to remain in good standing in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Grades earned at another institution are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado. However, grades earned in another school or college within the University of Colorado will be used in determining the student’s scholastic standing and progress toward the bachelor of science degree in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Students whose overall average falls below 2.0 will be placed on probation for the next semester in which they are enrolled in the College and will be so notified. If, after that semester the student’s average is still below 2.0, the student will be suspended from the College.
The following is additional information and interpretation of the policy:
1. Students who have been suspended are suspended indefinitely and may not enroll at any University of Colorado campus during any regular academic year, September through May, but may enroll in summer sessions or Vacation College and/or may take correspondence courses for credit through the Division of Continuing Education.
2. Students who have been suspended may apply for readmission if they bring their overall average up to a 2.0 through summer session, Vacation College, and/or correspondence work applying to engineering degree requirements as approved by a member of the Academic Progress Committee.
3. A student, upon satisfactorily completing at another college or university a minimum of 12 semester hours of work appropriate to an engineering curriculum subsequent to suspension, may apply for readmission as a transfer student.
4. Applicants for readmission to the University of Colorado cannot be assured readmission.
5. During a probation semester the student must complete a normal load, i.e., 12 hours or more (for a full-time student) of courses counting toward graduation requirements. Physical education courses do not count; if the student has previously completed 6 hours of ROTC courses, ROTC courses do not count; if 24 hours of social-humanistic subjects have been completed, social-humanistic subjects do not count.
6. Students who have been on probation or suspension at any time in the past will automatically be suspended if their overall average again falls below a 2.0.
Details of the probationary and suspension status and of the conditions for return to good academic
standing will be stipulated in the letters of probation and suspension. Information regarding these matters may be obtained in the Office of the Associate Dean, Room 402.
Grading System, Incompletes, Pass/Fail and Drop/Add Procedures
See the General Information section of this bulletin for the University of Colorado uniform grading system and for additional pass/fail information and drop/add procedures. Also see the current Schedule of Courses.
GRADING SYSTEM
It is particularly important to note that in the College of Engineering and Applied Science courses to be counted toward fulfilling the 136-hour graduation requirement cannot be taken no credit (NC). Once a course has been taken for no credit, the course cannot be repeated for credit.
INCOMPLETES
An incomplete may be given by the instructor for circumstances beyond the student’s control, such as a documented medical or personal emergency. When it is given, the student, the associate dean’s office, and the departmental office are informed, in writing, by the instructor what the student is to do in order to remove the incomplete and when the tasks are to be completed. The instructor may assign only the I/F grade. The student is expected to complete the course requirements, e.g., the final examination, term paper, within the established deadline and not to retake the entire course. The grade will be converted automatically to a grade of F after one year unless the specified work is completed.
PASS/FAIL
The primary purpose for offering courses on a pass/ fail grade basis is to encourage students, especially juniors and seniors, to broaden their educational experience by electing challenging courses without serious risk to their academic records. In general pass/fail should be limited to 300- or 400-level courses. Below are specific pass/fail regulations for the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
1. A maximum of 16 pass/fail hours may be included in a student’s total program. A maximum of 6 hours may be taken in one semester, but it is recommended that not more than one course at a time be taken pass/fail.
2. Courses that a student may elect to take pass/ fail shall be designated and approved in advance by the student’s major department. If courses not so designated are taken, the earned grade will be recorded in place of the P or F grade. An engineering student who has not designated a major field will not be allowed the pass/fail option without approval through the associate dean’s office.
3. A transfer student may count toward graduation one credit hour of pass/fail for each 9 credit hours completed in the College; however, the maximum


42 / University of Colorado at Denver
number of pass/fail hours counting toward graduation shall not exceed 16, including courses taken in the Honors Program under that program’s pass/fail grading system.
4. Students on academic probation should not enroll for pass/fail courses.
DROP/ADD
Only under very extenuating circumstances will petitions for dropping courses be considered after the tenth week of the semester.
Sequence of Courses
Full-time students should complete the courses in the department in which they are registered according to the curriculum shown under their major department in this bulletin. (Part-time students may need to modify the order of courses with adviser approval.) Any course in which there is a failure should, upon the first recurrence of such course, take precedence over other courses; however, each student must be registered so that departmental requirements will be completed with the least possible delay.
Students who do not earn a grade of C or better in a course that is prerequisite to another may not register for the succeeding course unless they have the permission of both the department and the instructor of the succeeding course.
Students may enroll for as much as 50 percent of their courses in work that is not a part of the prescribed curricula of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, provided they have at least a 2.0 grade average in all college work attempted. Exceptions to this policy may be made by petition and may be made for students taking the engineering-business program.
Graduation With Honors
In recognition of high scholastic and professional attainments, Honors or Special Honors, (at the discretion of the Engineering Honors and Recognition Committee) will be awarded at graduation. These honors will be recorded on the diplomas of the graduates receiving them and indicated in the commencement program.
Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum
The faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science requires that 24 semester hours should be considered the minimum of social-humanistic content of the degree-granting departments.
A minimum of 6 hours of literature is required. Six hours of social-humanistic subjects should be taken in the junior year and 6 in the senior year. These subjects should be taken from the following categories, with not fewer than 6 hours from category 2 below.
1. Literature (including foreign literature either in the original or in translation).
2. Economics, sociology, political science, history, and anthropology.
3. Fine arts and music (critical or historical).
Up to a maximum of 6 hours of communication skills (e.g., English composition, technical writing, public speaking, elementary foreign languages) may be substituted for 6 hours of the social-humanistic requirement. Alternatively, such courses may be counted as technical electives. Courses in business subjects such as accounting, contracts, and management should be used as technical electives where applicable. (Elective courses are to be coordinated with the faculty adviser.)
Qualified students will be permitted to take appropriate honors courses as substitutes for social-humanistic courses.
Qualified students should also explore the Honors in Humanities Program, which is offered by the Division of Arts and Humanities in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
PLANNING AN ENGINEERING PROGRAM
It is the responsibility of students to be sure they have fulfilled all the requirements, to file the intended date of graduation in the departmental office at the close of the third year, to fill out a Diploma Card at registration at the beginning of the last semester, and to keep the departmental adviser and the associate dean’s office informed of any changes in the students’ plans throughout the last year.
In order to become eligible for one of the bachelor’s degrees in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, a student, in addition to being in good standing in the University, must meet the following minimum requirements:
Courses. The satisfactory completion of the prescribed and elective work in any curriculum as determined by the appropriate department.
Hours. A minimum of 136 hours, of which the last 30 shall be earned after matriculation and admission as a degree student in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU is required for students in the four-year curricula; however, many students may need to present more than the minimum hours because of certain departmental requirements and because they may have enrolled in courses which do not carry full credit toward a degree. The hours required (or students in the business and engineering program vary by departments; as a guide, 166 semester hours are considered a minimum, but most students follow programs that bring the total above this figure.
Grade Average. A minimum grade-point average of
2.0 (C) for all courses attempted and (separately computed) for all required courses. A department may require a minimum grade of C in all major courses.
Faculty Recommendation. The recommendation of the faculty of the department offering the degree and the recommendation of the faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Incompletes and Correspondence Courses. It is the student’s responsibility to insure that all incompletes and correspondence courses are officially completed


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 43
before the tenth week of the student’s final semester in school.
Simultaneous Conferring of Degrees. For business and engineering students, the degree B.S. in business and the degree B.S. in engineering must be conferred at the same commencement.
Commencement Exercises. Commencement exercises usually are held in May. Students finishing in December and August may attend commencement the following May or receive diplomas by mail.
English for Engineering
Communications skills are essential for every professional person and are particularly so for the engineer. Most engineering departments require one of the following series of courses. It is not mandatory but is preferable that the courses be taken sequentially as shown. These courses are intended to develop the student’s writing ability and to allow a close analysis of significant works of world literature in translation and in English originals.
The following combinations are recommended: (1) Engl. 258, 259, 260, 261; or (b) Engl. 258, 259, and the following two introductory courses: Engl. 120 (Introduction to Fiction), Engl. 130 (Introduction to Drama and Poetry). Students who achieve a B average in two of the following English courses (120, 130, 258, and 259) may take immediately thereafter any literature courses listed by the Department of English. No social-humanistic credit will be given for courses dealing with English as a foreign language. Students having questions about the English requirement should see their departmental adviser.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES
In addition to the standard four year degree programs previously listed, the College is involved in the following programs.
Business and Engineering Curricula
Undergraduates in the College of Engineering and Applied Science with career interests in administration may complete all of the requirements for both a B.S. degree in engineering and a B.S. degree in business by extending their study programs to five years, including one or two summer terms. The 48 semester credits required in the College of Business and Administration may be started in the second, third, or fourth year, depending upon the curricular plan for the particular field of engineering in which the student is enrolled.
It is also possible for qualified graduates (GPA: 3.0 or better) to complete the requirements for a master’s degree in business within one year after receiving the baccalaureate degree in engineering. Before deciding upon the business option, a student should carefully consider, in consultation with departmental advisers, the relative advantages of the combined B.S. business-engineering curricula, the degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration, and
the M.S. degree program in the student’s own engineering discipline.
B.S. business and B.S. engineering programs are available for students in aerospace engineering sciences, applied mathematics, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science, engineering physics, and mechanical engineering.
Students taking these undergraduate programs are not required to submit formal application for admission to the College of Business. However, before enrolling in any business courses, the student must see an adviser from the College of Business.
Requirements for the undergraduate business degree and engineering degree must be completed concurrently. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Not fewer than 30 semester credits in business courses must be earned to establish residency credit. Courses offered by the College of Business may be used in lieu of electives required for undergraduate engineering degrees, subject to the approval of the individual department.
The business requirements for this program are as follows:
Courses Semester Hours
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics ................ 6
(Should be completed during the student’s sophomore year or junior year.)
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting............ 3
B.Ad. 200. Business Information and the Computer .......... 3
Q.M. 201. Business Statistics ............................... 3
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing............................. 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance...................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management............. 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and
Organization ........................................... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law...................................... 3
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B.Ad. 411.
Business and Society.................................... 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy .......... 3
Courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields; accounting, finance, information science, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and traffic management. All course work in the area of emphasis must be taken in the University of Colorado College of Business and Administration 12 Total 48
The student should note that for some courses, and for some areas of emphasis, there are prerequisites which must be met. Since some of the courses may be taken as engineering electives, it is possible to obtain the two degrees in as few as 166 semester hours; however, most students will require more.
Joint Engineering Degrees
A student may obtain two engineering degrees by meeting the requirements and obtaining the approval of both departments concerned. Thirty hours of elective or required subjects in addition to the largest


44 / University of Colorado at Denver
minimum number required by either of the two departments must be completed.
Premedicine Option
A professional school in a field such as medicine requires a student to have a college education prior to pursuing its professional courses. In practically all cases, medical students are university graduates, although occasionally a student may enter medical school after three years of university training. A student can prepare for medical school either in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences or in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The desirability of obtaining an engineering education prior to undertaking a study of medicine is increasing continually, as medicine itself is evolving. A great deal of additional equipment, most of it electronic, is being developed to assist the medical practitioner in treatment of patients. Bioengineering, engineering systems analysis, probability, and communication theory are highly applicable to medical problems. Improved communication techniques also are allowing the storage and retrieval of information not previously available to the medical doctor. An advanced knowledge of basic mathematics and computing techniques, along with increased understanding of physical chemistry, are improving the scientific base upon which medical knowledge rests. It is therefore desirable that the medical practitioner and researcher in the future be well equipped with the tools which engineering can offer.
To provide at least a minimum of the necessary knowledge, the additional courses listed below are prescribed and must be completed with superior grades. General overall requirements for entry into most medical schools are given. Students can meet these requirements by careful substitution of electives in the engineering curriculum. In some cases where additional hours may be required, interested students should consult with the engineering department chairman.
General chemistry (103-106)........... 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.)
Organic chemistry (341, 342, 343, 344) . 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.)
General biology (205-206) ................ 2 sem. (8 sem. hrs.)
English composition....................... 1 sem. (3 sem. hrs.)
To prepare for a career in medicine in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, it is strongly recommended that the student follow a full four-year college course (with the equivalent of at least 136 semester hours) and earn a B.S. degree.
The Admissions Committee of the University of Colorado School of Medicine welcomes inquiries and visits from prospective students, particularly at the time of their first interest in medicine as their chosen profession.
Students desiring to enter a premedical program should consult the representative of the department involved. At UCD, premedical advising is available through the Health Careers Advisory Committee, Science Bldg., Room 218.
GRADUATE STUDY IN ENGINEERING
The College of Engineering and Applied Science at UCD offers programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.
For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the degrees Master of Engineering and Master of Science or to the Ph.D. degree, see the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog and the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Education for Employed Professional Engineers
Continuing education for employed engineers grows more important each year. Therefore, the College puts great emphasis upon making graduate courses available through night and televised courses. A new degree, the Master of Engineering, permits graduate students more flexibility in defining specialized interdisciplinary fields that meet their professional needs. This degree has standards fully equivalent to those of the Master of Science degree.
In addition to credit course work, the College works jointly with the Division of Continuing Education to offer noncredit courses of interest to practicing engineers.
Concurrent B.S. and M.S. Degree Program in Engineering
Students who plan to continue in the Graduate School after completing the requirements for the B.S. degree may apply for admission to the concurrent degree program through their department early in the second semester of their junior year (after completion of at least 84 semester hours). Requirements are the same as for the two degrees taken separately: 136 credit hours for the B.S. degree and 24 hours plus thesis (Plan I) or 30 credit hours (Plan II) for the M.S. degree. Social-humanistic requirements must be completed within the first 136 credit hours. A 3.0 grade-point average for all work attempted through the first six semesters (at least 96 credit hours) and written recommendations from at least two major-field faculty members are required.
The purpose of the concurrent degree program is to allow the student who qualifies for graduate study and expects to continue for an advanced degree to plan his graduate program from the beginning of the senior year rather than from the first year of graduate study. The student can then reach the degree of proficiency required to begin research at an earlier time, and can make better and fuller use of courses offered in alternate years.
Student will be assigned faculty advisers to help them develop the program best suited to their particular interests. Those in the program will be encouraged to pursue independent study on research problems or in areas of specialization where no formal courses are offered. A liberal substitution policy will be followed for courses normally required in the last year of the undergraduate curriculum. The program


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 45
selected must be planned so that the student may qualify for the B.S. degree after completing the credit-hour requirements for the degree if the student so elects, or if the student’s grade-point average falls below the 3.0 required to remain in the program. In this case, all hours completed with a passing grade while in the program will count toward fulfilling the normal requirements for the B.S. degree. There will be no credit given toward a graduate degree for courses applied to the B.S. degree requirements; however, students are still eligible to apply for admission to the Graduate School under the rules set forth in the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Normally, however, the student will apply for admission to the Graduate School when at least 130 of the 136 credit hours required for the B.S. degree have been completed, and will be awarded the B.S. and M.S. degrees simultaneously upon meeting the requirements set forth for the concurrent degree program.
Graduate Work in Business
Undergraduates in engineering who intend to pursue graduate study in business may complete some of the business background requirements as electives in their undergraduate programs. Seniors in engineering who have such intentions and appear likely to qualify for admission to graduate study in business may be permitted to register for any of the graduate fundamentals courses which are designed to provide qualified students with needed background preparation in business. Students should see an adviser from the College of Business for approval.
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING SCIENCES
The primary objective of the aerospace engineering sciences curriculum is to provide sound general training in subjects fundamental to the practice of and research in this branch of engineering sciences. The major part of the first three years is devoted to the study of mathematics, physics, mechanics, chemistry, and the humanities. The fourth year is devoted to the professional courses in the fields of physics of fluids (fluid dynamics); propulsion and energy conversion; flight dynamics, control, and guidance; space system analysis; materials and structural mechanics; space environment; and bioengineering.
Planning of graduate study for students having sufficient ability and interest should begin by the start of the junior year. Such a plan should consider the foreign language requirements of appropriate graduate schools, and an advanced mathematics program included in technical electives consisting of Math. 431-432 and Math. 481 or 443.
The minimum total number of semester hours for the B.S. degree is 136. Students who wish to obtain a B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences and B.S. degree in business are advised to consider obtaining the B.S. degree in aerospace and the M.S. degree in business rather than two B.S. degrees. Business courses may not be substituted for technical electives in the aerospace curriculum.
Transfer to Boulder
The complete aerospace engineering sciences program is not available at UCD. Therefore, students wishing to complete this program should plan on transferring to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of the junior year. Students should complete a minimum of 30 hours including the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics before transferring to the Boulder campus. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Aerospace Engineering Sciences)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I................ 4
Engl. 258. Great Books I (see note 1) ..................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 2) ................... 3
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 3)................... 5
E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern Engineering
(or C.E. 130)........................................... 2
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .............. 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I ............................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I .......................... 1
Engl. 259. Great Books II (see note 1)..................... 3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing.............................. 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 2)..................... 3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.............4
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing........................ 3
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I............................3
Engl. 260. Great Books III (see note 1)...................3
Phys. 233. General Physics II.............................. 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II........................ 1
Total 18
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations
and Linear Algebra .................................... 4
C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II ......................... 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics.................................. 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 2) ................... 3
Approved physics elective.................................. 3
Total 16
Notes for B.S. (Aerospace Engineering)
1. For other options in English, see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
2. Students may take electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
3. Ch.E. 210 may be substituted.


46 / University of Colorado at Denver
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Charles I. Sherrill III, Coordinator
The Division of Natural and Physical Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers all courses in mathematics, both required and elective, for undergraduate and graduate students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Three curricula leading to the degree B.S. (A.Math.) are offered. In Option I, the student takes a minor in a specific engineering department, satisfying an adviser from that department. In Option II, the student takes distributed course work in engineering departments, including a solid grounding in mechanics, electronics, and materials. (This option is intended for the above-average student.) Option III is a joint mathematics-computer science program. Regardless of the option chosen, each student is expected to complete a minimum of 45 semester hours of course work in mathematics beginning with Math. 140.
Modern industrial and scientific research is so dependent on advanced mathematical concepts that applied mathematicians are needed today by almost all concerns which are engaged in such research.
The undergraduate curriculum is designed to give training in mathematics and in engineering and science. The use of numerical methods and electronic computers is included.
Nontechnical electives should be broadening and have cultural value. Courses in the humanities and the social sciences are required. Students interested in research should take a foreign language as early as possible. Beginning language courses are normally considered technical electives but may count toward the social-humanistic electives. Some 300- and 400-level language courses may be counted. Under all circumstances, a student must plan a complete program and obtain the approval of a departmental adviser at the beginning of the sophomore year.
The B.S. degree in applied mathematics requires the completion of a minimum of 136 credit hours of course work with an average grade of C or better (a 2.0 grade-point average) and a grade of C or better in all mathematics courses. Course work in the social-humanistic elective area must be approved by the student’s adviser.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Applied Mathematics)
FreshmanYear
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ..............4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry............................... 5
Engl. 258. Great Books I (see note 1) ....................3
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing.......................^_3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ............. 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing............................. 2
Engl. 259. Great Books I (see note 1) ....................3
Phys. 231. General Physics I ...............................4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I ........................ 1
Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5).....................^_3
Total 17
Sophomore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.............4
Engl. 260. Great Books III (see note 1)...................3
Phys. 233. General Physics II.............................. 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II......................... 1
Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5)..................... 6
Total 18
Spring Semester
Engl. 261. Great Books IV (see note 1).................... 3
Math. 300. Introduction to Abstract Mathematics.............3
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ........................................ 4
Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5)...................._1_8
Total 18
Junior Year Fall Semester
Math. 431. Advanced Calculus 1............................. 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics.................................. 3
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5).....................12
Total 18
Spring Semester
Math. 481. Introduction to Probability Theory.............. 3
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5) .................. 15
Total 18
Senior Year
Fall Semester
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5) ......................17
Spring Semester
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5) .......................15
Requirements under each option are as follows:
Option I Semester Hours
Specialty in a specific engineering department............ 18-30
Technical electives ...................................... 15-22
Other electives........................................... 11-30
Required social-humanistic electives (see note 2)............ 12
(Electives should include Math. 432)
Option II
Distributed engineering courses in the
engineering college................................... 22-30
(A minimal program would consist of the following courses C.E. 212, C.E. 311, E.E. 213, E.E. 313, E.E. 314, M.E. 301, M.E. 383 or C.E. 331 or their equivalents.
Technical electives ...................................... 15-22
Other electives........................................... 11-30
Required social-humanistic electives (see note 2)............ 12
(Electives should include Math. 432.)
Option ID
Specific courses required under Option III:
E.E. 257 (C.S. 257)..............................................3
E.E. 455..........................................................3
E.E. 401 (C.S. 401)..............................................3
E.E. 453 (C.S. 453)..............................................3
E.E. 459 (C.S. 459)............................................. 3


E.E. 458 and E.E. 460 ...................................... 2
Math. 311 ...................................................3
Math. 465 .................................................. 3
Math. 466 .................................................. 3
Technical electives ..................................... 6-23
Other electives......................................... 11-30
Required social-humanistic electives (see note 2).......... 12
Notes for B.S. (Applied Mathematics)
1. For other options in English, see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
2. Students may take social-humanistic electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
3. A minimum of 10 approved courses in mathematics beyond 140, 241, 242, and 302 is required of all students majoring in applied mathematics.
4. Math. 101, 111, 112, and 113 do not count toward the B.S. (A. Math.) degree or any other B.S. degree in engineering.
5. In addition to E.E. 210, Engr. 101 and Engr. 301, the student must take a minimum of 18 hours of approved elective engineering courses excluding chemistry, mathematics, and physics courses. Furthermore, the student who does not have a strong interest in applications of mathematics to engineering is encouraged to consider a major in mathematics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
John R. Mays, Coordinator
The architectural engineering curriculum is administered at the Boulder Campus by the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Its purpose is to prepare a student for a career in the building industry and for graduate-level research on building-related topics. The building industry is the largest single industry in the United States and includes many diverse skills and fields of knowledge.
This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer.
The architectural engineering curriculum is recommended for those wishing to specialize (within the building industry) in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering.
Specialization in construction is for students planning a career in contracting and building construction. This program involves courses in construction management, planning and scheduling techniques, cost accounting, estimating and pricing, building materials, and construction methods.
Students interested in environmental engineering may concentrate their efforts in the fields of illumination and electrical systems design, heating-ventilating-air conditioning systems design, sanitation and water supply, or acoustics.
The third area of specialization is for those interested in the design of structural systems for buildings. Courses available are structural analysis; indeterminate structures; and steel, concrete, and timber design.
College of Engineering and Applied Science / 47
The five-year course leading to a B.S. degree in architectural engineering and a B.S. degree in business offers opportunity to complement the architectural engineering background with study in one of the major areas of business administration, such as personnel and business management, marketing, and finance.
TRANSFER TO BOULDER
Approximately one-half of the architectural engineering program is available at UCD under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering. Students wishing to complete the architectural engineering program should plan to transfer to the Boulder Campus at the start of the junior year, but at that time must have completed at least 30 semester hours at UCD. Students should complete the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics before transferring to the Boulder Campus. The complete curriculum and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Architectural Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program:
Freshman Y ear
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I.................4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................2
Literature elective (see note 1) ........................... 3
E.E. 201. Introduction to Computing (or E.E. 210)...........3
C.E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering.................. 2
Social-humanistic elective....................................3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ............... 4
Literature elective (see note 1) .............................3
Arch. E. 102. Descriptive Geometry (see note 4) ............ 2
Phys. 231, General Physics I .................................4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I ........................... 1
Ch.E. 210. Chemical and Physical Properties of
Materials (see note 3)..................................._4
Total 18
Sophomore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus IB..................4
Phys. 233. General Physics II.................................4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II........................... 1
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I..............................3
Specialty requirement: structures and construction majors take C.E. 221; environmental majors take
Arch.E. 362 (see note 4)..............................._^_3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations
and Linear Algebra .......................................4
Arch.E. 240. Building Materials and Construction
(see note 4) .............................................3


48 / University of Colorado at Denver
C.E. 312. Mechanics of Materials............................. 3
C.E. 314. Materials Testing Lab. (not required of
environmental majors) .................................. 2
Basic science elective (see note 2) ..........................3
Social-humanistic elective.................................. 3
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Architectural Engineering)
1. Great Books series recommended; see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
2. Departmental approval required.
3. Chem. 103-5 may be substituted for Ch.E. 210-4, in which case the technical elective requirement is reduced by one credit hour.
4. Arch. E. 102, 240 and 362 are normally not available at UCD. An adviser-approved junior or senior course may be moved ahead.
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Meeting the crisis in oil and energy, depolluting the water and air, producing new and better materials to replace those that are limited or scarce—these are jobs in which one will find the chemical engineer.
Chemical plants (including refineries and gasification plants) convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering—oils, metals, glass, plastic, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others.
The department, located at the Boulder Campus, is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also working hard on energy problems and is stressing problems of energy conversion in its instructional program.
Many essentials of life originate in chemical engineering. Recycling of wastes and resources is not a new idea in chemical engineering but a long-standing principle. Since the earth now is perceived as a self-renewing system, intelligent generalization of the recycle theory to the entire cycle of natural resources is a challange and opportunity for chemical engineers. Cleaning up pollution from chemical plants and from other sources is largely a chemical engineering problem. The chemical engineer efficiently uses and conserves natural resources to create valuable end products and to preserve environmental values.
Thus, chemical engineering continually changes and progresses. The Department of Chemical Engineering at the Boulder Campus therefore helps students to prepare to be immediately valuable to industry and eventually to lead future developments in industry and research. Whether they plan to go into industry or on to graduate work, students are urged to watch, understand, and enjoy the sparkle and interplay of new ideas and new technologies.
Transfer to Boulder
The complete chemical engineering program is not available at UCD. Therefore, students wishing to complete this program should plan to transfer to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of their junior year. UCD students must complete a minimum
of 30 semester hours and should complete the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics, physics, and organic chemistry at UCD before transferring to the Boulder Campus. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S. (Chemical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program:
Freshman Y ear
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I................4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry ..............................5
Engl. 258. Great Books (see note 1)........................3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing............................. 2
CH.E. 130. Introduction to Chemical Engineering
(see note 2) ........................................._._2
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ..............4
Chem. 106. General Chemistry................................5
Engl. 259. Great Books II (see note 1).....................3
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing.........................3
Social-humanistic elective................................ 3
Total 18
Sophomore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III...............4
Phys. 231. General Physics I .............................. 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I ......................... 1
Engl. 260. Great Books III (see note 1).................... 3
Chem. 341. Organic Chemistry................................3
Chem. 343. Organic Chemistry Lab. I........................_^_1
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ........................................ 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...............................4
Engl. 261. Great Books IV (see note 1)......................3
Chem. 342. Organic Chemistry................................3
Chem. 344. Organic Chemistry Lab. II....................... 1
Ch.E. 212. Chemical Engineering Material and
Energy Balances (see note 3) ........................._^3
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Chemical Engineering)
1. For other English options, see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
2. Or C.E. 130 or E.E. 130.
3. Students should arrange to take Ch.E. 212 concurrently in Boulder during the spring semester of their sophomore year or it may delay graduation by a year.
CIVIL AND URBAN ENGINEERING
Martin L. Moody, Chairman
Civil engineering is generally the broadest field of engineering studied in American universities today.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 49
Civil engineering offers an interesting and highly challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipe lines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction industry; and in general in the rapidly expanding problems concerned with man’s physical environment and the growth of cities. Furthermore, students educated in civil engineering frequently find rewarding employment in other fields: for example, in aerospace structures, electric power generation, city planning, the process industries, industrial engineering, business management and law or medicine (after appropriate education in law or medical school). The breadth of the civil and urban engineering undergraduate program provides an excellent educational background for many fields of endeavor.
The curriculum is designed to give the student a broad knowledge of the basic engineering sciences of chemistry, mathematics (including differential equations), physics, mechanics (including fluid mechanics and soil mechanics), electrical circuits, and thermodynamics. In addition, it includes a mininum of 24 semester hours in social-humanistic studies.
Specialized training is achieved through certain required courses, followed by more advanced civil engineering electives. By proper selection of these electives the senior student who wishes to specialize may emphasize any of the four major areas of civil engineering: structures, water resources, transportation, or geotechnical engineering.
A five-year program has been arranged for students who wish to pursue a B.S. degree in civil engineering and a B.S. degree in business.
A student interested in a premedical option should consult with an adviser and the department chairman at the earliest possible time in order to make proper plans for an acceptable program. See Premedical Option.
Curriculum for B.S. (Civil Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I................4
Literature elective (see note 1) ............................3
E.E. 201. Introduction to Computing..........................3
C.E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering..................2
C.E. 221. Plane Surveying ...................................3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing.............................^_2
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II................ 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (or Ch.E. 210) ............... 4-5
Literature elective (see note 1) .......................... 3
Phys. 231. General Physics I ............................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I .......................... 1
Total 16-17
Sophomore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III................4
Phys. 233. General Physics II................................4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II.......................... 1
Social-humanistic elective...................................3
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I.........................._;_3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ..........................................4
Social-humanistic elective...................................3
Basic science elective (see note 5) ...................... 1-2
C.E. 312. Mechanics of Materials............................ 3
Technical elective.......................................... 3
C.E. 314. Materials testing laboratory...................._._2
Total 16-17
Junior Year Fall Semester
C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II ...........................3
C.E. 331. Theoretical Fluid Mechanics........................3
C.E. 350. Structural Analysis................................3
C.E. 380. Soils and Foundation Engineering...................3
C.E. 315. Water Quality Laboratory (or C.E. 481.
Intermediate Soil Mechanics)............................ 2
Social-humanistic elective............................. 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
C.E. 332. Applied Fluid Mechanics ...........................3
C.E. 360. Transportation Engineering........................ 3
C.E. 457. Design of Steel Structures (see note 4)............3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics....................................3
C.E. 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics (or C.E.
315. Water Quality Laboratory).......................... 2
Social-humanistic elective................................. 3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
Geol. 207. Physical Geology 1................................4
C.E. 458. Reinforced Concrete Design (see note 4) ...........3
Civil engineering elective (see note 2)......................5
Social-humanistic elective...................................3
C.E. 460. Highway Engineering.............................. 3
Total 18
Spring Semester
C.E. 341. Sanitary Engineering.............................. 3
Civil engineering electives (see note 2) ....................3
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I.................................4
Social-humanistic elective...................................3
Technical elective...........................................3
Engineering science elective (see note 3) ................ 3
Total 19
Notes for B.S. (Civil Engineering)
1. Courses from Great Books series recommended: see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
2. Civil engineering electives shall be chosen to form an integrated program, subject to the approval of the department.


50 / University of Colorado at Denver
3. Engineering science electives shall be taken from the list of courses approved by the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering.
4. A C.E. elective may be substituted for either (one only) C.E. 457 or 458.
5. If a 3-, 4- or 5-credit course is used, the excess may be used as either a technical or engineering science elective.
COMPUTER SCIENCE
Computer science undergraduate and graduate courses are offered by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Mathematics Department of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as service courses for other disciplines, as courses in the CLAS distributed studies major, or as part of the curriculum for the degrees B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, B.A. in mathematics (computer option), B.S. in applied mathematics (computer option), and M.S. in computer science. For further descriptions of these programs, see the information under College of Liberal Arts and Science, Graduate School, or the paragraphs on Applied Mathematics and Electrical and Computer Engineering in this section of the bulletin.
For information on the B.S. in E.E. and C.S. and on the M.S. in computer science, call the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 629-2872.
ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
William D. Murray, Chairman
The professional possibilities in electrical engineering include teaching and research in a university; research and development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; design or operations in the electrical power industry; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government.
The electrical engineering course of study at UCD begins with principles of physics, chemistry, and mathematics. An early, intensive training in the theory and laboratory application of electrical circuits, electromagnetic and transmission theory, electrical machines and transformers, heat, and mechanics. Many students find an opportunity to put their knowledge to work with jobs in industry or research projects being conducted at the University. Throughout the entire course of study, they reinforce their understanding of the theory in well-equipped laboratories.
Students are encouraged to develop interests outside of their electrical engineering specialty, thus providing themselves with a well-rounded background and a sense of awareness and responsibility for their later role in society. They are urged to attend meetings of their student professional society, where practicing engineers from many engineering specialties speak of their experiences.
The areas of specialization that electrical engineering students may enter upon graduation are so numerous it is impossible for the undergraduate training to cover them in detail. Intense specialization may be left to possible additional training graduates may receive when they assume positions with industrial firms, or acquired by specialization in a research field through graduate work beyond the bachelor’s degree. Students who have earned a B average or better in their undergraduate work and who have elected courses in their senior year that strengthen particularly their mathematical background may decide to undertake graduate study. The curriculum in electrical engineering is designed to make it possible for the graduating senior with high scholarship to finish a master’s degree in electrical engineering in about one additional full year of work at any of the nation’s major universities.
Electrical Engineering Curriculum
In the electrical engineering curriculum the student has considerable freedom in the senior electives. The student may select these electives to provide a good foundation in several of the seven electrical engineering areas listed: communications, digital, electronics, fields, materials, power, and systems. Some of these electives may be courses in other branches of engineering or in other colleges. Those students primarily interested in taking courses in the digital or computer area may do so in this curriculum or in the joint electrical engineering and computer sciences degree option discussed below.
Business Option
Students wishing to complete a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and a B.S. degree in business should not start the business program until their fourth year, with the exception of electing Econ. 201 and 202 for two of their social-humanistic electives. Students with a B average may wish to consider obtaining a master’s degree in business administration. For both of these programs, students should refer to the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
Premedical Option
A program has been developed which permits the student to satisfy the entrance requirements for medical school, such as those of the University of Colorado, while earning a B.S. in electrical engineering.
Medical schools typically require that applicants have completed two semesters of general chemistry, two semesters of organic chemistry, and two semesters of general biology, all with laboratories. A course in English composition is recommended.
More specific information on medical school requirements may be obtained at the office of the Health Careers Advisory Committee at UCD.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 51
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
The joint degree in electrical engineering and computer science is a comprehensive program covering both hardware and software aspects of computer system design. The program leads to a B.S. (E.E. and C.S.) and can be a base for further study toward either an M.S. in computer science or an M.S. in electrical engineering.
A student need not make a decision to enter this program until the second semester of the sophomore year. The details of the program are listed in the section following the electrical engineering curriculum. The purpose of the changes is to add to the mathematics background in such a way as to provide a basis for graduate work in computer-related fields and to permit inclusion of courses in scientific application of computers, logic structure of computers, and assembly language programming. Should students leave the program in favor of returning to the electrical engineering curriculum, they will need to satisfy the departmental requirements of mechanics and E.E. 354, which have been waived in the electrical engineering computer option curriculum.
Curriculum for B.S. (Electrical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ...............4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2).................. 5
E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern
Electrical Engineering................................. 2
E.E. 257. Logic Circuits .................................. 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ..............4
Phys. 231. General Physics I ...............................4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I ......................... 1
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing..............................2
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing.........................3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)...................^_3
Total 17
Sophomore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III...............4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...............................4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II......................... 1
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I............................... 4
E.E. 253. Circuits Lab. I.................................. 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................^_3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra .........................................4
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics...................................3
E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II ..............................4
E.E. 254. Circuits Lab. II................................. 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ....................3
Electives (see note 4)....................................._._2
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I...........................3
E.E. 321. Electronics I......................................3
E.E. 361. Electronics Lab. I................................. 2
C.E. 313. Applied Mechanics (see note 3) ....................3
E.E. 381. Introduction to Probability Theory ................3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ....................^_3
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II..........................3
E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I................................3
E.E. 322. Electronics II.....................................3
E.E. 331. Linear System Theory...............................3
E.E. 362. Electronics Lab. II............................... 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .................... 3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 354. Power Lab. I .......................................2
Electives (see note 4)...................................... 12
Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) .................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Electives (see note 4)...................................... 14
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................... 3
Total 17
Notes for B.S. (Electrical Engineering)
Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete sophomore level courses before taking junior level courses and should have completed their junior level E.E. courses before starting their 400-level electives.
1. Of the 24 hours of required social-humanistic electives, a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one social-humanistic elective course.
2. Or Ch.E. 210.
3. The mechanics requirement may be satisfied by the 3-hour course, C.E. 313, or the 6-hour sequence of C.E. 212 and C.E. 311. Students who first take E.E. 313 may, with permission, take only C.E. 311.
4. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which he/she is most likely to concentrate after graduation. Usually these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 levels. In all cases the student needs the approval of the undergraduate adviser.
Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas: communications (C), digital (D), electronics (E), fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a minimum breadth of studies, every student’s program must include 9 semester hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a minimum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribution requirements could be met through Independent Study, E.E. 940 (1-3) or E.E. 950 (1-3), only if the subject matter studied is actually in the


52 / University of Colorado at Denver
appropriate area. Independent study may be used only once to satisfy part of the distribution requirements.
A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the technical electives.
The student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics. Some preliminary consulting with a department graduate adviser is desirable.
Curriculum for B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ...............4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 3)..................5
E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modem
Electrical Engineering.................................. 2
E.E. 257. Logic Circuits ....................................3
Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) ..................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ..............4
Phys. 231. General Physics I ..............................4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. II.......................... 1
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing.............................. 2
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing......................... 3
Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) .................. 3
Total 17
Sophomore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.............. 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II................................4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II.......................... 1
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I.................................4
E.E. 253. Circuits Lab. I....................................1
Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) .................. 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary, Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ......................................... 4
E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II ...............................4
E.E. 254. Circuits Lab. II.................................. 1
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics....................................3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .....................3
Electives (see note 3)...................................._._2
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I......................... 3
E.E. 321. Electronics I.....................................3
E.E. 361. Electronics Lab. I................................2
E.E. 381. Introduction to Probability ......................3
E.E. 351. Introdution to Computer Engineering.............. 3
Social-humanistic elective................................. 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II.........................3
E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I.............................. 3
E.E. 322. Electronics II....................................3
E.E. 331. Linear System Theory..............................3
E.E. 362. Electronics Laboratory II........................2
Social-humanistic elective (See note 1)...................._1_3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 453. Assembly Language Programming....................3
E.E. 459. Computer Organization............................ 3
Math. 465. Numerical Analysis (see note 4) ................ 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ................... 3
Electives (see note 3).................................... 5
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 460. Computer Lab..................................... 2
E.E. 401. Programming Languages............................ 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ................... 3
Electives (see note 3)..................................._^_9
Total 17
Notes for B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In planning their programs, students should consider prerequisite and corequisite requirements of courses and should plan to complete courses at the junior level before taking senior electives.
1. Of the 24 hours of social-humanistic electives a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one social-humanistic elective course.
2. Or Ch.E. 210
3. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which heshe is most likely to concentrate after graduation. Usually these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 levels. In all cases the student needs the approval of the undergraduate adviser.
Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas: communication (C), digital (D), electronics (E), fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a minimum breadth of studies, every student’s program must include at least 9 semester hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a minimum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribution requirements could be met through E.E. 400 (1 to 3), and E.E. 500 (1 to 3), shown in each area, only if the subject matter studied is actually in the appropriate area. E.E. 400 (1 to 3), and E.E. 500 (1 to 3) may be used only once to satisfy part of the distribution requirements.
A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the electives.
E.E./C.S. majors are advised to take E.E. 551 or E.E. 559 to obtain additional depth in computers. A course in abstract mathematics (Math. 300) or finite mathematics (Math. 413) is recommended as an additional elective.
The student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics. Some preliminary consulting with a departmental graduate adviser is desirable.
4. E.E. 455, Computer Techniques in Engineering, may be substituted.
ENGINEERING DESIGN AND ECONOMIC EVALUATION
In the fall of 1978, the Engineering Design and Economic Evaluation program was merged with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. The


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 53
E.D.E.E. degree will not be offered to new students. However, courses in design and economic evaluation have been retained and are administered through the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
William R. Simmons, Coordinator
The engineering physics curriculum gives students a thorough foundation in the physical principles underlying most of engineering. The large number of engineering electives which may be incorporated in the curriculum makes it possible for students to prepare themselves for professional work or graduate school in a wide variety of fields. Because the program is particularly flexible, the student should be aware that proper preparation for his/her professional field will require careful selection of engineering electives. The student is urged to prepare, in consultation with the departmental coordinator, a coherent plan of courses to meet his/her professional objectives.
During the freshman and sophomore years, the student must attain a thorough training in mathematics and a grounding in fundamental methods and principles of the physical sciences.
During the junior and senior years the work in physics is amplified to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the various branches of physics such as nuclear physics, atomic physics, electronics, thermodynamics, mechanics, electricity, and magnetism. Individual initiative and resourcefulness are stressed. For purposes of federal Civil Service requirements this degree is an engineering degree from an accredited College of Engineering. Students who plan to become registered professional engineers should check the requirements for registration in their state before choosing their engineering electives.
It is recommended that students preparing for Graduate School also prepare for its foreign language requirement as part of their undergraduate curriculum.
At present, the Bachelor of Science degree in engineering physics is awarded on the Boulder Campus only; therefore, in order to earn a bachelor’s degree in engineering physics from the Department of Physics and Astrophysics a student must, in addition to any other requirements, successfully complete 30 semester hours of courses on the Boulder Campus, including 12 semester hours in upper division physics courses.
Applied Physics Option
It is also possible to earn the degree Bachelor of Science (Engineering Physics) with an applied physics option. This option differs from the regular engineering physics degree primarily in that fewer advanced theoretical physics courses are required and in their place a selection of applied science courses is required. This option should not be selected by students intending to pursue graduate study in physics, but it is appropriate for students intending to pursue graduate work or employment in related fields such as
geophysics, environmental science, oceanography, nuclear engineering, medicine, and law. Students intending to pursue this option should consult the coordinator by the beginning of their junior year regarding the electives which they wish to propose. The 24 hours of electives in pure or applied natural science must be approved by the engineering physics advising committee, which is located on the Boulder Campus. The committee will consider the proposed courses relative to the student’s stated educational and/or professional objectives. At least 30 semester hours of credit must be earned after the student’s proposed program is approved.
Curriculum for B.S. (Engineering Physics)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I................ 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ............................ 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................6
Phys. 111. General Physics (see note 8) ..................._1_4
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .............. 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ................... 3
Phys. 112. General Physics (see note 8) ................... 4
Phys. 114. Experimental Physics (see note 8) .............. 1
C.S. 210. Fundamentals of Computing......................... 3
Elective (see note 2)....................................._._2
Total 17
Sophmore Year
Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus HI............... 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)......................3
Phys. 213. General Physics (see note 8) ............... 3
Phys. 215. Experimental Physics (see note 8)................ 1
Elective (see note 2)...................................... 6
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ..........................................4
Chem,. 202. General Chemistry (see note 3).............. 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .....................3
Phys. 214. Introductory Modern Physics (see note 8) .........3
Elective (see note 2)......................................^_4
Total 18
Junior Year
Fall Semester
Upper division mathematics elective............................3
Phys. 317. Junior Lab. (see note 8) ..........................2
Phys. 321. Classical Mechanics and Relativity.................4
Phys. 331. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism.............3
Elective (see note 2)..........................................3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .....................^_3
Total 18


54 / University of Colorado at Denver
Spring Semester
Phys. 318. Junior Lab....................................... 2
Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics ............................... 3
Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism..........3
Phys. 341. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics..........3
Chem. 453. Physical Chemistry (see note 4) ...............3
Chem. 454. Physical Chemistry Lab. (see note 4) ........... 2
Total 16
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 403. Electronics (see note 6).......................... 2
E.E. 443. Electronics Lab. (see note 6)..................... 1
Phys. 491. Atomic and Nuclear Physics........................3
Phys. 495. Senior Lab........................................2
Elective (see note 2)....................................... 6
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)..................._u_3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Phys. 492. Atomic and Nuclear Physics ...................... 3
Phys. 496. Senior Lab. (see note 5) ........................ 2
Elective (see note 2)....................................... 9
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .................... 3
Total 17
Curriculum for B.S. (E.Physics)—
Applied Physics Option
The first five semesters are identical to the regular engineering physics curriculum listed above. The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives.
Junior Year
Spring Semester Semester Hours
Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics ...............................3
Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism.........3
Upper division thermodynamics elective..................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ....................3
Electives (see note 7).................................... 4
Total 16
Senior Year
Fall Semester
E.E. 403. Elements of Electronics (see note 6)................ 2
E.E. 443. Elements of Electronics Laboratory (see note 6) ... 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3
Electives (see note 7)....................................... 11
Total 17
Spring Semester
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3
Electives (see note 7).......................................JL4
Total 17
Notes for B.S. (Engineering Physics)
1. A total of 24 hours of social-humanistic electives is required. These must include 6 hours of literature and 6 hours selected from economics, sociology, political science, history, and anthropology. The other 12 hours must be selected from the above subjects and/or fine arts and music (critical or historical only), philosophy, and psychology.
2. Required and elective engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) must total 22 semester hours.
3. Chem. 202 is offered only at the Boulder Campus. UCD students may substitute Chem. 103 and 106 for Chem. 202.
4. Chem. 453 and 454 are offered only at the Boulder Campus. One semester of any upper division chemistry course with associated laboratory may be substituted for physical chemistry.
5. Or Phys. 455, or approved 3-hour physics elective.
6. E.E. 403 and 453 are offered only at the Boulder Campus. UCD students may substitute E.E. 321 and 361.
7. The elective courses are divided into three exclusive groups:
(1) Physics electives. These must be five hours from among Phys. 318, 341, 361, 365, 366, 367, 446, 451, 455, 461, 462, 491, 492, 495, 496, 500, 501, 503, 504, and 580 — Boulder Campus course numbers.
(2) Applied natural science electives (24 semester hours, minimum). These must include 4 hours of upper division laboratory courses and sufficient engineering courses so that the total of engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) is at least 22 semester hours. (3) Other courses.
8. See the E.Phys. coordinator.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Ralph C. Koeller, Associate Chairman
Mechanical engineering is perhaps the broadest in scope of all the engineering fields. It is not identified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device, or system; rather, it is concerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively.
In an era when technology is changing rapidly, the education of an engineer must provide a base for working in fields which may now not exist. The objective of the undergraduate program in mechanical engineering is to give the student a broad intellectual horizon and such habits and skills of study that learning new science as it appears and taking the initiative in applying it will be second nature.
There can be only one firm foundation for the student preparing for a career in mechanical engineering: mathematics, physics, and chemistry are the basic ingredients. Also essential is mastery of such engineering sciences as solid and fluid mechanics; thermodynamics, and heat and mass transport; materials, and systems analysis and controls. Along with the study of these fundamentals, the engineer must experience the ways in which scientific knowledge can be put to use in the development and design of useful devices and processes.
The mechanical engineering program may be roughly subdivided into two-year groupings. In the first two years, the program emphasizes the fundamentals of those engineering sciences that are essential for an understanding of most branches of professional engineering. For the final two years, the department, in recognition of the extremely broad and varied demands which the advances of modem technology have imposed on the mechanical engineer, provides two plans, A and B, for the curriculum leading to the degree Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering. The plans are designed to accomodate the professional objectives of the individual student.
Plan A specifies a typical mechanical engineering curriculum and is intended for those students who


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 55
wish to obtain a broad, general education in mechanical engineering without an emphasis on any of the specific professional aspects.
Plan B is designed for students who know what they intend to do upon graduation. This option allows the student to pursue any course plan that meets a valid professional objective and has been approved by the advisory committee. Under Plan B, the specific requirements of the program are determined after a detailed conference with an appropriate departmental adviser. In the course of this conference, the professional objectives of the individual student are studied in detail, and a specific plan (with a minimum of 136 credit hours) is designed to meet these objectives. With liberal use of courses throughout the University, the following may be considered typical among the professional concentrations which can be achieved:
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
M.E. 281. Mechanics I (see note 3)........................ 3
Engl. 260. Great Books III (see note 1)..................3
Phys. 233. General Physics II..............................4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II........................ 1
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III............^_4
Total 15
Spring Semester
M.E. 282. Mechanics II (see note 3) .......................3
Approved physics elective................................. 3
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ....................................... 4
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics..................................3
Social-humanistic elective................................. â–  .3
Total 16
Junior Year
Thermodynamics Heat transfer Fluid mechanics Solid mechanics Electromechanical systems
Design
Power
Dynamics and controls Materials science Thermomechanical systems
All of the required courses for mechanical engineering plan A are offered at UCD. Plans are to expand the number of elective courses for plans A and B in the near future. Students should work closely with their mechanical engineering adviser as they may have to complete some courses in Boulder depending upon their study plan and the phasing in of the complete program at UCD.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Mechanical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Engl. 258. Great Books (see note 1)....................... 3
M.E. 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering.......... 2
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I...............4
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing....................... 3
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2)................... 5
Total 17
Spring Semester
Engl. 259. Great Books II (see note 1)...................... 3
Phys. 231. General Physics I ................................ 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I .......................... 1
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ................ 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................2
Social-humanistic elective.................................. 3
Total 17
Fall Semester
M.E. 312. Thermodynamics II.............................3
M.E. 314. Measurements I.................................. 2
M.E. 362. Heat Transfer................................... 3
M.E. 371. Systems Analysis I (see note 4)................3
M.E. 383. Mechanics III....................................3
Social-humanistic elective...............................^_3
Total 17
Spring Semester
M.E. 301. Introduction to Materials Science I ............ 3
M.E. 316. Measurements II ..............................2
M.E. 372. Systems Analysis II (see note 4) .............3
M.E. 384. Mechanics IV................................... 3
M.E. 385. Mechanics V......................................3
Technical elective....................................... 4
Total 18
Senior Year Fall Semester
M.E. 442. Mechanical Engineering Lab...................... 3
M.E. 414. Mechanical Engineering Design................... 3
M.E. 401. Introduction to Materials Science II.............3
Technical elective.........................................6
Social-humanistic elective...............................^^3
Total 18
Spring Semester
Social-humanistic elective................................ 3
Technical electives ....................................._15
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering)
1. Or other English options; see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin.
2. Or Ch.E. 210.
3. M.E. 281 and M.E. 282 are offered only on the Boulder Campus. UCD students may substitute C.E. 212 and C.E. 311 for M.E. 281 and M.E. 282.
4. M.E. 371 and M.E. 372 are offered only on the Boulder Campus. UCD students may substitute E.E. 213 and E.E. 413 for M.E. 371 and M.E. 372.


College of Environmental Design
John M. Prosser, Resident Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
The College of Environmental Design at UCD offers five graduate programs: the Master of Architecture, Master of Architecture in Urban Design, Master of Interior Design, Master of Landscape Architecture, and Master in Planning and Community Development; and one service program, the Center for Community Development and Design. Undergraduate programs in the College are available only through the University of Colorado at Boulder, and students interested in the Bachelor of Environmental Design degree should see the catalog for that campus.
The College offers programs designed both to train men and women who can meet the complex and demanding challenge of developing and shaping the environment and to provide the practicing professional a means of keeping abreast of cultural and technological changes.
In recent years, the roles and responsibilities of the environmental design professions have broadened. The social and physical problems encountered by the architect, urban designer, the landscape architect, the planner, the technologist in environmental systems, and the interior designer have minimized the lines of demarcation among these professions and interdependence among them has increased.
The College maintains traditional and essential ties with the professions and practitioners in the community and through the Division of Continuing Education offers workshops for architects in solar architecture, seismic design, and business development and law. The College participates in faculty interchanges with the Boulder campus, participates in the architectural engineering program of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, and relics on local professionals to reinforce its teaching program.
The College of Environmental Design is a member of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning and is represented by its students, faculty, and alumni on various professional boards, committees, and societies. In 1979, the National Architectural Accrediting Board renewed the College’s accreditation for a three-year period. Its program in planning was granted renewed recognition by the American Planning Association in 1980 for a five-year period.
Full professional status in most environmental design fields generally requires a minimum of five or
six years of academic experience and two or three years of practical experience followed by state registration or licensing through a professional examination.
Qualifications for success in these careers are not easily measured. Candidates for this profession must have the ability to complete successfully an academic program ranging from fundamental humanistic and scientific courses through applied technical activity to full creative development. They should have a background of secondary education that includes courses in mathematics and physics. Some experience in creative activity may aid them in predetermining their personal satisfaction from the creative process.
Financial Aid
Graduate scholarships and fellowships are available to continuing students only, with the exception of Colorado Grants. A limited number of Colorado Grants are available to new students who are residents of the State of Colorado and who fulfill the University’s criteria for financial need. Forms to apply for State of Colorado Graduate Grants, Federal Work-Study Assistance, and Federal National Direct Student Loans (NDSL), are available through the Office of Financial Aid, UCD, 1100 14th Street, Denver 80202.
Grade-Point Average Requirement and Scholastic Suspension
Students must maintain a 3.0 average for a degree. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirements during any semester will be permitted to continue their studies during the second semester, but will be placed on probation. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirement after two semesters will be suspended. After a period of one year, appeal for readmission may be made by petitioning the Scholastic Deficiency Committee of the College or the director.
Special Students
Beginning with fall 1981, the College of Environmental Design will accept only up to 16 credit hours of courses taken as a graduate special student for application toward degree credit.


College of Environmental Design / 57
Residence Requirement
A student must be in residence for at least one full academic year’s work, which is normally 30 semester hours.
Time Limit
Beginning with fall 1981, students in two-year programs must complete all work required for a graduate degree within a five-year period from the time of first enrolling for classes as a degree candidate. Students in three-year programs must complete all work within a six-year period.
Elective Courses
Elective Courses must be at the 400 level or above. Students should check with their respective director regarding subject choices.
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE
The Division of Architecture offers three degree programs, all of which lead to the Master of Architecture. The three programs are named by typical time-in-residence: three-year, two-year, and one-year programs. The three- and two-year programs lead to the first professional degree for architectural practice; the one-year program leads to a second professional degree.
The one-year program is open only to applicants already holding the first professional degree in architecture (generally the bachelor’s, occasionally the master’s). Individually organized studies are focused on the student’s interests in architecture or in architecture with an urban design specialization.
The two-year program is open to holders of the Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree and is arranged to receive graduates of the Division of Environmental Design at Boulder or similar undergraduate studies at other schools.
The three-year program is open to holders of the bachelor’s degree in all other fields.
Curriculum
The Division of Architecture is a professional school; its role and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in architectural design, graphic communications, history and theory, technology, and professional practice.
Architectural design is the central activity of the several programs and the design studio serves to integrate architectural learning from all course work in the supportive arts and sciences. Most studios are conducted on the case study method; skill in the definition and the solution of design problems is acquired through the analysis and the working of exercises which simulate actual building problems. Advanced studio options are available with projects in the Center for Community Development and Design. The design thesis is the culmination of architectural studies.
Communications courses provide the graphic skills necessary to present design ideas. History and theory courses anchor the student’s work in social responsibility, and in an understanding of the forces that give shape to buildings and cities. Technology courses give basics in structures, and in the environmental concerns of utilities, heating, lighting, and acoustics. Professional courses provide exposure to the workings of contemporary practice, and an internship in a practicing professional’s office is a course option in the final year.
The goal of all of these studies is competency for the graduates of the division as intelligent, knowledgeable, and creative designers, each at the threshold of entry to architectural careers in private practice, government, or industry.
Admission Requirements
APPLICATION
The complete set of materials for application for the Master of Architecture programs include the application form, college transcripts, three recommendations, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work. To be considered for admission, the complete set of application materials must be received by March 15 preceding the fall semester of entry. The portfolio must be no larger than 14 inches by 17 inches. The application form and additional information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Architecture, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Applicants must hold a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts, or Bachelor of Science degree from an accredited four-year college or university to be accepted into the three-year Master of Architecture program. A four-year degree in architecture or environmental design from an accredited college or university is required for acceptance into the two-year program. A Bachelor or Master of Architecture degree from an accredited architecture program is required for acceptance into the one-year master’s program.
ADMISSION
An Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select students to be admitted to programs. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1.
The recommended minimum grade-point average is
2.75 on a 4-point scale. If the student’s grade-point average is below 2.75, the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone.
One-Year Program
The one-year program is available only to students already holding the first professional degree, the Bachelor or Master of Architecture. The Master of


58 / University of Colorado at Denver
Architecture or Master of Architecture in Urban Design is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 32 semester hours of courses and special projects arranged for the particular candidate’s program. The candidate and the adviser mutually develop the course of study through selection of offerings in the College of Environmental Design and other divisions of the University. The program is primarily research oriented, and students are allowed to pursue independently an area of their choice related to architecture.
Two-Year Program
The two-year program is open to the student with a four-year Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree who seeks the first professional degree in architecture. The program is a two-year, 64-semester-hour series of studies leading to the Master of Architecture degree.
Students in the third or fourth year of the University of Colorado at Boulder Environmental Design degree program who intend to pursue the Master of Architecture should take Structures (ENVD 452 and 453); Environmental Systems (ENVD 450); Materials and Methods of Construction (ENVD 451); Architectural History (ENVD 470 and 471); and Architectural Graphics (ENVD 420 and 421); and a minimum of six semesters of design (including ENVD 400 and 401). Students from other four-year design programs must have taken two semesters of architectural history, two semesters of basic structures (statics, strength of materials) and must show, with the portfolio, a graphics ability equivalent to the two-semester course in architectural graphics. Required courses in the two-year program that have been taken by the student in prior studies may be waived if the grade received is B or above. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 64 semester hours and all required courses.
Two Year Program C ourse Requirements Semester Hours
Architectural design........................................24
Technologies................................................15
Theory...................................................... 3
Professional practice and construction documents............ 4
Landscape architecture ..................................... 3
Planning ................................................... 3
Electives ................................................. 12
Total 64
Three-Year Program Vfi
The three-year program is open to students with a bachelor’s degree, with a particular program prerequisite of one year of high school or college basic physics and college mathematics through calculus. The mathematics and physics requirement must be completed before entering the program. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 96 semester hours and all required courses.
Three Year C ourse Requirements Semester Hours
Architectural design ....................................34
Technologies.............................................27
Theory................................................... 9
Graphic communications....................................... 6
Professional practice and construction documents............. 4
Landscape architecture ...................................... 3
Planning .................................................... 3
Electives .................................................._10
Total 96
Recommended Order of Studies
Two Year Program: 600 and 700 levels Three Year Program: 500, 600, and 700 levels
Fall Semester: 500 level Semester Hours
Arch. 500. Design .......................................... 5
L.A. 510. Graphics I........................................ 3
Arch. 551. Materials and Construction...................... 3
Arch. 552. Structures I .................................... 3
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form.............. 3
Spring Semester: 500 level
Arch. 501. Design .......................................... 5
L.A. 511. Graphics II....................................... 3
Arch. 550. Environmental Systems............................ 3
Arch. 553. Structures II.................................... 3
Arch. 571. Development of Architectural Form............... 3
Fall Semester: 600 level
Arch. 600. Design .......................................... 5
Arch. 650. Heating and Plumbing ........................... 3
Arch. 660. Structures HI.................................... 3
L.A. 630. Survey of Landscape Architecture................. 3
P.C.D. 500. Fundamentals of Planning....................... 3
Spring Semester: 600 level
Arch. 601. Design .......................................... 5
Arch. 651. Lighting and Acoustics ......................... 3
Arch. 666. Structures IV.................................... 3
Arch. 660. Professional Practice and Construction
Documents.............................................. 4
Arch. 680. Theory and Practice or
Arch. 670. Architecture of the 20th Century or
U.D. 682. Architectural and Urban Design Theory ............ 3
Fall Semester: 700 level
Arch. 700. Design ......................................... 5
Arch. 712. Thesis Preparation.............................. 2
Arch. 760. Internship (Optional)........................... 3
Elective
Spring Semester: 700 level
Arch. 701. Design Thesis................................... 7
Arch. 750. Systems Synthesis .............................. 3
Arch. 761. Internship (Optional)........................... 3
Elective
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN DESIGN
Program Options and Descriptions
Urban design is one of the graduate environmental design programs taught at facilities which are located in the core of the metropolitan Denver area. The curriculum focuses on the complex problems that are generated by change and growth in a vigorous urban and regional laboratory. Emphasis is given to participatory community and publicly funded design, research, and technology. Special efforts are made to


College of Environmental Design / 59
utilize the vast resources of information available from federal, state, and local agencies and institutions which are concentrated in the immediate community. Specific courses and projects are arranged to incorporate these allied academic, civic, and citizen inputs into the design processes.
The sequential format, content, and progression of the Architecture in Urban Design program has been developed to provide a broad range of balanced study which combines architecture, landscape, planning, and urban design methodologies. Direct contact and coordination with the activities of the students and faculty in these disciplines is an essential part of the curriculum. Importance is given to the problemsolving processes associated with mixed use complexes, neighborhood, activity center, village, town, and cityscape projects.
Specific courses in urban technologies, urban theories, environmental impact analysis, including social and economic planning factors are available. During the final semester students have a wide choice of professional electives which can be closely related to their thesis problem selection.
Two sequences are available in the program. One is a non-prelicensing two-year graduate degree for students who have received a bachelor’s degree in environmental design, landscape, architectural studies, planning, or urban studies. The one-year program is for students who have obtained a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree.
In both sequences the final master’s year is a synthesis of the special factors influencing urban design in one of five options: recreational facilities, community development, rehabilitation or renewal, transportation, and health care. In this phase the student is carefully advised throughout the period of his/her independent research and design studies. Opportunities to do state and city outreach work in association with the Center for Community Development and Design (the College state-wide design aid field program for ethnic and economic minorities) are available. Many other real problems and/or case studies from the community, which require anticipatory and feasibility design and development, also are considered. Whenever possible, individual or team projects in cooperation with allied disciplines and institutions are encouraged.
Admission Requirements
In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program, they must submit application forms, college transcripts, three letters of recommendation, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter. All portfolio material submitted with the application must be in 8V2" by 14" format or smaller. If slides are included, they must be in a loose-leaf slide holder. It is recommended that students indicate the type and length of all work experience they have had since receiving a degree. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Master
of Architecture in Urban Design, College of Environmental Design, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Curriculum Outline
In both sequences the studio is the focal point for the specialization selected by the student. The projects chosen are developed on an independent study basis with meetings, seminars, and evaluations scheduled between the student and the faculty advisers. Cognate courses are selected with the guidance of the faculty advisers from related subjects offered by the College or other units of the University.
One-Year Program
A one-year program leading to the Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is available to students holding a first professional degree in architecture. The degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 30 semester credit hours minimum. The program is for students who wish to pursue advanced studies in compound, complex community architecture and urban design problems.
One Year Sequence
Course Requirements Semester Hours
Urban Design Studio...................................... 5
Thesis Preparation ........................................ 1
Environmental Analysis..................................... 3
Planning, Landscape Electives ............................. 6
15
Thesis Studio.............................................. 6
Urban Design Seminar..................................... 3
Professional Electives..................................... 6
15
30
Two-Year Sequence
A two-year non-prelicensing program leading to a Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is available to students holding a first degree in architectural studies, environmental design, landscape architecture, urban studies, and planning. The degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 60 semester credit hours minimum. The program is for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in multidisciplinary design problems and processes which are evolving throughout the urban environment.
First Year Semester Hours
Urban Design and Graphics Workshop...................... 3
Design History Philosophy ................................ 3
Urban Design Systems and Management....................... 3
Professional Electives...................................__6
15
Urban Design Studio....................................... 5
Design History Philosophy ................................ 3
Environmental Systems..................................... 3
Transportation Systems.................................... 4
15
30


60 / University of Colorado at Denver
Second Year
See One-Year Sequence........................ 30
60
MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGN-INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND SPACE PLANNING TRANSPORTATION DESIGN
The Master’s degree program in Interior Design is structured to educate designers who will be qualified to assume responsible leadership roles in the continuing growth of the profession and in the improvement of the quality of man’s near environment by constructively relating the design process to man’s life processes.
There are two programs leading to the Master of Interior Design degree. The two-year program is open to applicants holding Bachelor of Interior Design, Bachelor of Environmental Design, or Bachelor of Architecture degrees. The three-year program is designed for applicants holding bachelor’s degrees in other fields from accredited four-year colleges or universities.
The program is characteristically unique in the following ways:
Multidisciplinary Approach. Individualized instruction and guidance are provided in skills and knowledge that are integrated from related disciplines. Accordingly, the student develops personal models and methodologies within a multidisciplinary conceptual framework for the analysis, design, and evaluation of appropriate interior environments.
Interior Architecture and Space Planning Orientation. The program relies heavily upon the conviction that the design of an interior space and the building form containing it are inextricably related. The former inwardly responding to the human environment, the latter outwardly responding to the natural environment; both design activities require high degrees of interdependent specializations in generating an adequate integrative environmental form.
Social and Behavioral Base. Understanding the social, behavioral, and biological implications of man-environment interactions is emphasized as an integral part of design research/problem-solving methods in all design studio work.
Coordinated University-Professional Community Learning Experiences. The program is a direct response to the Rocky Mountain region’s general recognition of a need for designers whose professional training is relevant to regional interests. In turn, the professional community serves as an auxiliary source of educational enrichment by providing students with opportunities to combine theoretical and applied learning.
Admission Requirements
APPLICATION
In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program, they must submit applica-
tion forms, two original transcripts, three recommendations, and a statement of purpose. A portfolio of academic and professional work is required when applying into the two-year program. Application deadline is March 15. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Interior Design, College of Environmental Design, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
ADMISSION
A Faculty Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select the students to be admitted to the program. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, are on a waiting list, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1.
The recommended minimum grade-point average is
2.75 on a 4-point scale. If the student’s grade-point average is below 2.75, the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone.
Interior Architecture and Space Planning
ORDER OF STUDIES
(Two and Three-Year Programs)
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours
Int.D. 500. Design Research/Problem-Solving Methods...... 5
L.A. 510. Graphic Communications I ...................... 3
Arch. 551. Materials and Methods of Construction......... 3
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form............ 3
Approved Elective.......................................... .3
17
Spring Semester, First Year
Int.D. 501. Residential Design.............................. 5
L.A. 511. Graphic Communications II......................... 3
Int. D. 557. Elements of Structure.........................3
Arch. 571. Development of Architectural Form............... 3
Approved Psychology Elective................................ 3
17
Fall Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 600. Commercial Design.......................... 5
Int.D. 660. Furniture Design .......................... 3
Int.D. 680. Physical Environmental Factors............. 3
Arch. 650. Environmental Control System I ............. 3
B.Ad. 504. Fundamentals of Management and Organization ._3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 601. Transportation Design ....................... 5
Int.D. 662. Professional Practice and Management......... 3
Int.D. 681. Human Environmental Factors ................. 3
Arch. 651. Environmental Control Systems II.............. 3
B.Ad. 506. Legal Environment of Business ..................3
17
Summer Term, Second Year
Int.D. 665 Internship (optional) ........................ 6


College of Environmental Design / 61
Fall Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 700. Institutional Design............................ 7
Int.D. 624. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design ...... 3
Approved Landscape Architecture Elective.................... 3
13
Spring Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 701. Thesis ......................................... 7
B.Law 512. Business Law..................................... 3
B.Ad. 503. Fundamentals of Marketing (Fall or Summer Semesters) or
B.Ad. 610. Business, Government, and Society.................3
13
Transportation Design
ORDER OF STUDIES
(Two and Three-Year Programs)
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours
Int.D. 500. Design Research/Problem-Solving Methods...... 5
L.A. 510. Graphic Communications I ...................... 3
Int.D. 530. Theories and Methods of Programming.......... 2
Arch. 551. Materials and Methods of Construction......... 3
Int.D. 552. Materials and Processes of Manufacturing..... 1
Aes. 385. Human Factors and Physiology of Flight1 .........3
17
Spring Semester, First Year
Int.D. 502. Ground Transportation Design................. 5
L.A. 511. Graphic Communications II...................... 3
Int.D. 557. Elements of Structures....................... 3
Econ. 527. Economics of Transportation................... 3
Approved Elective...........................................3
17
Fall Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 602. Air and Aerospace Transportation Design...... 5
Int.D. 660. Furniture Design ............................. 3
Int.D. 680. Physical Environmental Factors............... 3
Arch. 650. Environmental Control Systems 1............... 3
B.Ad. 504. Fundamentals of Management and
Organization ......................................... 3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 603. Sea Transportation Design ..................... 5
Int.D. 662. Professional Practice and Management........... 3
Int.D. 681. Human Environmental Factors ................... 3
Arch. 651. Environmental Control Systems II................ 3
Tr.Mg. 557. Urban Transportation.............................3
17
Fall Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 702. Interface Facilities Design..................... 7
Int.D. 624. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design ....... 3
Ur.S. 473. Methods in Urban Perception .......................3
13
Spring Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 703. Thesis.......................................... 7
B.Law 512. Business Law..................................... 3
B.Ad. 503. Fundamentals of Marketing .........................3
13
MASTER OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
The academic program leading to a Master of Landscape Architecture degree at the University of Colorado at Denver responds to a perceived need to offer professional training preparing students to meet the complex and demanding challenges of designing and shaping the environment.
Our rapidly growing western regions, both urban and rural, require comprehensive problem-solving skills which address regional climate, geology, soils, hydrology, and vegetation. These related processes provide a regional basis for planning and designing land areas for public/private use, enjoyment, and preservation.
Programs
UCD offers both two- and three-year graduate-level professional programs leading to the degree Master of Landscape Architecture. The two-year second professional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 64 semester hours, is structured to provide advanced training and exposure in the theoretical, technical, and practical aspects of design for those M.L.A. candidates possessing a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture degree. The three-year first professional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 96 semester hours, is offered to students with undergraduate degrees not specifically related to landscape architecture.
These programs permit the M.L.A. candidate to pursue a wide range of career goals responding to the profession’s concerns and expertise in physical planning and design. A major goal of the program is to develop the candidates’ knowledge and practical skills of landscape architecture to assume effective roles in professional practice. Emphasis is placed upon emerging problems and frontier areas of the Rocky Mountain region, and on applying problemsolving tools, theories, and methodologies to environmental concerns covering a broad range of scales and project types.
Curriculum
The curriculum includes those subjects considered as essential to core professional training in the field of landscape architecture, including design, natural resources technology, history, and professional practice. Both programs and courses have a design focus upon real problem-solving situations with emphasis on design process.
Opportunities exist to develop complementary knowledge and skills related to interdisciplinary projects involving the graduate programs of architecture, urban design, planning, and public administration, within the College of Environmental Design. Additionally, through the Center for Community Development and Design (an outreach program in the College of Environmental Design), the M.L.A. candidate is afforded opportunity for actual project experience and participation for a variety of projects
'Aerospace Science course offered by Metropolitan State College.


62 / University of Colorado at Denver
within the Denver metropolitan area and the state of Colorado.
The hierarchy of courses from term to term includes sequences of design, technical, and history core courses required of all entering candidates. The final spring term is reserved for an independent design pac-ticum contributing to the program and the profession of landscape architecture. The project is performed under the guidance of a Comprehensive Thesis Committee comprised of faculty, practicing professionals, and technical specialists in the project topic. Additionally, the M.L.A. candidate is encouraged to complete a minimum 12-week internship with a professional landscape architecture office or under the work supervision of a professionally registered landscape architect.
Admission Requirements
Applicants to the three-year program or those who do not have a first professional degree, Bachelor of Landscape Architecture, should have proficiency in college mathematics, physical science, English, environmental science, and a basic course in art or drawing.
Applicants to the two-year program, having undergraduate degrees in landscape architecture, architecture, environmental design, or other physical design degrees are considered for admission upon individual evaluation of their undergraduate curriculum, scholastic performance, and professional experience.
To be considered for admission into the graduate programs in landscape architecture, applicants must submit application forms, college transcripts, three recommendations, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter the program. The portfolio format is to be 14 inches by 17 inches or smaller.
Application forms and further information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Landscape Architecture, College of Environmental Design, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
ORDER OF STUDIES
(Two and Three-Year Programs)
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours
L.A. 500. Landscape Architecture Design I ............... 5
L.A. 510. Graphic Communication I ....................... 3
L.A. 550. Landscape Architecture Engineering I-
Environmental Systems ............................... 3
L.A. 561. Synthecology Field Research-(Retreat I)........ 1
L.A. 580. Rocky Mountain Plant Materials...................3
15
Spring Semester, First Year
L.A. 501. Landscape Architecture Design II............... 5
L.A. 511. Graphic Communication II....................... 3
L.A. 560. L.A. Construction I-Materials and Methods ..... 3
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form............ 3
L.A. 581. Rocky Mountain Plant Design .....................3
17
Fall Semester, Second Year
L.A. 600. Landscape Architecture Design HI................. 5
L.A. 641. Theories and Methods of
Design Programming...................................... 2
L.A. 650. Landscape Architecture Engineering II............ 3
L.A. 661. Synthecology Field Research-(Retreat II)......... 1
L.A. 670. Landscape Architecture History/
Theory Seminar ......................................... 3
L.A. 691. Ecosystem Analysis and Adapatation.................3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
L.A. 601. Landscape Architecture Design IV................. 5
L.A. 651. Landscape Architecture Engineering HI............. 3
L.A. 681. Rocky Mountain Plant Technology .................. 3
Electives .................................................. 7
18
Fall Semester, Third Year
L.A. 700. Landscape Architecture Design V................... 5
L.A. 760. Landscape Architecture Construction II-
Working Drawings and Specifications...................... 3
B.Ad. Business Admin. Elective............................... 3
L.A. 761. Synthecology Field Research-(Retreat III) ........ 1
L.A. 790. Independent Design Practicum Research
and Research Methods..................................... 2
L.A. 791. Landscape Architecture Issues Seminar...............1
15
Spring Semester, Third Year
L.A. 701. Independent Design Practicum-Design VI............ 5
L.A. 721. Professional Practice Seminar...................... 3
L.A. 792. Natural Resource Issues Seminar.................... 3
Elective .................................................... 3
14
Total Hours 96
MASTER’S DEGREE IN PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
The MPCD program prepares planners to research, design, and evaluate the ends and means of social and environmental action. Careers in planning usually center in such growing fields as environmental design, community development, social services, natural resources, ecology, planning consultation, environmental assessment, urban renewal, and regional planning. Because Denver is the Rocky Mountain region’s central location for managing these fields of action, UCD planning students are able to combine easily the general principles of academic learning with practical experience in nearby operating agencies and organizations.
Curriculum
; The curriculum requires 60 semester hours as a I minimum for graduation. Forty-five of these semester 1 hours are required core courses aimed at training the student in basic planning principles, content, research methods, and plan/policymaking skills. Of these required credits, 3 are spent in experiential learning and internships with public agencies and other organizations.


College of Environmental Design / 63
Another 15 credit hours of the curriculum are elective. They are chosen in consultation with the student’s faculty adviser to form a consistent pattern of planning expertise along the lines of the individual’s major interests. The courses may be chosen from the MPCD’s own core electives, from other programs in the College of Environmental Design or from other graduate colleges at UCD. Typical areas of specialization have been ecology, transportation, planning administration, community development, urban design, and health planning.
The final curriculum requirement in the student’s last semester is the satisfactory completion of an in-depth planning study or project. The aim is to illustrate the individual’s ability to integrate and apply the knowledge and experience gained in the program. This is the major thrust of the core requirement entitled Planning Studio 3.
Admission Requirements
In order for a student to be considered for admission into the graduate program, application forms must be submitted by April 15 for the fall semester. Entry into the program at other times is not normally permitted. Applications for admission are reviewed by a faculty-student committee. Criteria for admission include academic performance, experience, interest, and motivation for study.
Candidates for admission should note that a 1-semester-hour course in statistics is part of the 60-hour core curriculum. Students who have taken an acceptable course in statistics may have this requirement waived.
Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to Director of Planning and Community Development Program, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAM
To provide unusual educational and practical experiences for outstanding students in all five graduate divisions, the College has established an optional, integrated, multidisciplinary studio. These classes are offered fall semesters to final-year students who choose to work on unique public and private actual design and planning projects for which the College has been asked to provide educational, technical, and research assistance. During the last six years, more than 25 of these comprehensive studies have been completed by teams of students for towns, communities, neighborhoods, institutions, agencies, and companies. The studio is jointly taught by faculty
from the five professional divisions and the Center for Community Development and Design.
CENTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN
The Center for Community Development and Design provides educational and technical assistance to solve design, planning, and community development problems upon request to groups, organizations, neighborhoods, communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The center provides these services to aid in the development of the community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided by mobilizing the necessary and available resources of the College of Environmental Design and the community and by utilizing the appropriate community development process and participatory techniques.
A central goal of the center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community members on problem solving through supervised projects in the field. The faculty and staff of the center coordinate community projects for which students register through classes in the various academic curricula. Students who register for these projects assume an added responsibility of satisfying client needs that goes beyond academic credit.
Students are expected to do two things: Utilize and develop professional expertise which not only enhances their own education but also better prepares them to assist in the community problem-solving process, and to develop an understanding for community participatory processes and be able to integrate these into the technical aspects of their community project.
The types of projects students may select to work on include developing a physical design program for a child care center in an inner-city neighborhood; assisting a neighborhood to organize, design, and implement a self-help housing program in a small mountain town; and developing a comprehensive plan in cooperation with a planning commission in a Colorado high plains town.
Main Street Program
A joint effort by UCD and the State Department of Local Affairs, this innovative program provides assistance to small towns attempting to restore the economic viability of their retail cores. Interdisciplinary teams of students will work closely with the communities to address planning, design, and economic development issues.


Graduate School
Joel C. Edelstein, Acting Associate Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL
The Graduate School is a University-wide body which authorizes programs within its constituent colleges and schools. At UCD, Business and Administration (except the M.B.A. program), Education, Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music are colleges or schools whose graduate programs are offered through the Graduate School. In concept, there is a single Graduate School regardless of campus. In practice, most master’s-level programs are specific to the campus where the student is admitted, insofar as particular options and advisers are concerned.
Doctoral-level programs in a discipline are viewed as the responsibility of the entire University community of that discipline. At the present time all Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the corresponding Boulder department. However, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver and the research adviser may be a member of the UCD faculty. Some departments in which this is the case are communication and theatre, electrical engineering, and civil engineering. In other disciplines, a significant portion of the course work required for the Ph.D. degree may be taken at UCD. Persons interested in pursuing doctoral-level work should consult with the appropriate discipline graduate adviser.
Anyone wishing further information not given in this bulletin should contact the Associate Dean of the Graduate School, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Degrees Offered
The following graduate programs are authorized for completion through the Graduate School at UCD. In some cases, a specific required course may only be offered through the University of Colorado at Boulder in a given year.
The Master of Arts (M.A.) in:
Anthropology History
Biology Mathematics
Communication and theatre Political science
Economics Psychology
English Sociology
Geography
The Master of Education (M.Ed.) and the Master of Arts (M.A.) in:
Administration and supervision Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations, education Guidance and counseling Initial Certification Program
The Master of Science
Accounting Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Electrical engineering Environmental science
(certification only or certification and M.A. in elementary or secondary education)
Library media
Reading
Secondary education
(M.S.) in:
Finance
Management and organization
Management science
Marketing
Mechanical engineering
The Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.) The Master of Engineering (M.E.)
The Master of Humanities (M.H.)
The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.)
Facilities for Graduate Study and Research at UCD
Facilities for research in many fields are available at UCD as well as specialized institutes, seminars, and meetings of national standing.
The Graduate Student at UCD
Approximately 1,800 students are enrolled in graduate programs at UCD and an additional 1,400 special students take graduate courses. Of these, approximately 45 percent are part-time students.
Faculty
The faculty operating in these programs is mainly housed at UCD, although resources of other campuses at the University of Colorado are used.
Financial Aid for Graduate Study
SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS
The University of Colorado administers various forms of financial aid for graduate students: fellowships, scholarships, and a number of awards from outside agencies.
The Graduate School each year awards to qualified regular degree graduate students approximately 50 doctoral fellowships paying up to $2,500 plus tuition.


Graduate School / 65
â–  Special fellowships and scholarships are also available for study in certain departments. Colorado Graduate Grants are also available to students who can show demonstrated need. For details contact the Graduate School office.
Applications for fellowships, scholarships, and grants are due in the department before the announced department deadline. Fellowship awards are announced about March 15; Colorado Graduate Grant awards are announced each semester for the following semester.
GRADUATE STUDENT TEACHING APPOINTMENTS
Many departments employ graduate students as part-time instructors or teaching assistants. The in-structorship is reserved for those advanced graduate students already possessing an appropriate M.A. degree who may be independently responsible for the conduct of a section or course. Payment for these teaching appointments in 1980-81 was: one-half time instructor, $6,520 for the academic year; one-half time teaching assistant, $5,220 for the academic year.
A half-time appointment for an instructor is considered to be equal to 6 class contact hours; a halftime teaching assistant is appointed for 20 hours per week. Students appointed for one-half time qualify for resident tuition rates regardless of their actual Colorado residency status. Teaching assistants and instructors must be enrolled students in good standing for the full period of their appointment.
RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS
Research activities provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain part-time work as research assistants in many departments. Holders of these positions pay resident tuition. Assistants must be enrolled students.
LOAN FUNDS
Graduate students wishing to apply for long-term loans through the National Direct Student Loan Program and for part-time jobs through the college work-study program should submit an Application for Financial Aid to the Office of Financial Aid by March
1. This office also provides short-term loan assistance to students who have completed one or more semesters in residence. Short-term loans are designed to supplement inadequate personal funds and to provide for emergencies. Applicants should go directly to the Office of Financial Aid.
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
The University maintains an employment service in the Office of Financial Aid to help students obtain part-time work either through conventional employment or through the college work-study program.
Students employed by the University are hired solely on the basis of merit and fitness, a policy which avoids favor or discrimination because of race, color, creed, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. Students are also referred to prospective employers in accordance with this policy.
International Education
The Office of International Education expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships.
The office also arranges study abroad programs. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign universities. A B average with the equivalent of two years of college-level work in the appropriate language is required. There are also occasional summer programs offering academic credit.
Peace Corps information may be obtained from the Office of International Education.
For additional information contact the Office for Student Affairs, 629-2861.
Institute for Urban and Public Policy Research
The institute was established at UCD to facilitate organized research on significant public policy issues and Urban problems. Its principal objectives are (1) to improve public policy formation and decision making through more effectively relating issues with knowledge and research and (2) to assist faculty, policy makers, and students to work together as research teams on state and local problems that cut across disciplines.
Research in the institute is being done through centers, programs, and ad hoc teams utilizing individual expertise from the several campuses of the University of Colorado and other Colorado institutions of higher education as required to deal with a specific problem.
The institute has been involved in a number of research activities including determining effective methods of using scientific and technological resources in metropolitan, state, and regional government policy formation and decision making; environmental quality studies; energy-related research; health needs assessment; gerontological studies; evaluating community development programs; and attitude surveys. Its members have continuing programmatic research interests in the measurement of quality of life and social indicators; urban transportation policy; urban and regional planning; community and organizational development; and the physical, biological, and social effects of energy development.
Center for Environmental Sciences
The Center for Environmental Sciences is a cluster of federally funded research grants studying various environmental problems of concern to the state and nation. The center is presently made up of the following components: the Faculty/State Review Program, the Oil Shale Task Force, the Uranium Research Project, the Risk Assessment Project, and the Analytical Laboratory. The Risk Assessment Project is funded by the Environmental Protection Agency, the other


66 / University of Colorado at Denver
programs by the Department of Energy. The administrative offices are located at 1056 9th St., 629-3460.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
General Requirements
Students may be admitted to the Graduate School in either of the two categories described below.
Admission to the Graduate School is not admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. A student who wishes to become a candidate for a degree must make special application at the time and in the manner prescribed by the requirements for the degree sought.
A student who is granted admission must reflect in a moral and ethical sense a personal background acceptable to the University.
The University reserves the right to deny admission to applicants whose total credentials reflect an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University and relevant to any of its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution.
REGULAR DEGREE STUDENTS
Qualified students are admitted to regular degree status by the appropriate department. In addition to departmental approval, an applicant for admission as a regular degree student must:
1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or university of recognized standing, or have done work equivalent to that required for such a degree and equivalent to the degree given at this University.
2. Show promise of ability to pursue advanced study and research, as judged by his or her previous scholastic record.
3. Have had adequate preparation to enter upon graduate study in the field chosen.
4. Have at least a 2.75 undergraduate grade-point average on all work taken.
5. Meet additional requirements for admission as established by major departments.
Regular degree students must maintain at least a
3.0 grade-point average each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether it is to be applied toward the advanced degree intended or not. Students who fail to maintain this standard of performance will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School.
Pass/Fail Grades. In order to permit a meaningful evaluation of an applicant’s scholastic record, not more than 10 percent of those credit hours that are relevant to the intended field of graduate study shall have been earned with pass/fail grades, nor more than 20 percent overall. Applicants whose academic record contains a larger percentage of pass/fail credits must submit suitable additional evidence that they possess the required scholastic ability. If the applicant does not submit satisfactory additional evidence, he or she can be admitted only as a provisional student.
PROVISIONAL DEGREE STUDENTS
Applicants who do not meet the requirements for admission as regular degree students may be admitted as provisional degree students upon the recommendation of the major department. With the concurrence of the dean of the Graduate School, a department may admit provisional students for a probationary term, which may not normally exceed one academic year. At the end of the probationary period, provisional degree students must either be admitted to regular degree status or be dropped from the graduate program.
Credit earned by persons in provisional degree status may count toward a degree at this University.
Provisional degree students are required to maintain a 3.0 grade-point or higher, as may be required by the terms of their provisional admission, each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether or not it is to be applied toward the advanced degree sought. If students fail to maintain such a standard of performance, they will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School.
Note: All provisional applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination and submit scores as part of the application.
Application Procedures
Graduate students who expect to study at UCD should contact the UCD Office of the Graduate School concerning procedures for forwarding completed applications.
An applicant for admission must present a completed Application Form (Parts I and II), which may be obtained from the UCD Graduate School office, and two official transcripts from each university attended. The application must be accompanied by a nonrefundable application processing fee of $20 (check or money order) when the application is submitted. No application will be processed unless this fee is paid. Many departments require scores from the Graduate Record Examination, and most departments require three or four letters of recommendation.
When a prospective degree student applies for admission, the chairman of each department or a committee named for the purpose shall decide whether the applicant shall be admitted and shall make that decision known to the Office of Admissions and Records, which will inform the student. Persons not wishing to work toward an advanced degree are referred to as special students (below).
A completed application must be in the office of the major department at least 60 days prior to the term for which admission is sought or earlier as may be required by the major department.
Students who wish to apply for a graduate student award for the academic year 1981-82, e.g., fellowship, scholarship, assistantship, etc., must file a completed application with the department before the announced departmental deadline (see previous section on financial aid).


Graduate School / 67
All credentials presented for admission to the University of Colorado become the property of the University.
SENIORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO
A senior in this University who has satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who needs not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet his requirements for a bachelor’s degree, may be admitted to the Graduate School by special permission of the dean.
GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS
At the option of any department, the Graduate Record Examination may be required of applicants for assistantships, or of any student before his or her status is determined.
Students who are applying for the fall of 1982 take the GRE no later than the December testing date so that their scores will be available to the graduate awards selection committee. Four to six weeks should be allowed for GRE scores to be received by an institution.
Information regarding these examinations may be obtained from the Graduate School office or the Office for Student Affairs at UCD, or from the Educational Testing Service, Box 1502, Berkeley, California 94701, or Box 955, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.
SPECIAL STUDENTS
A student not wishing to earn an advanced degree from the University of Colorado should apply to the Office of Admissions and Records, UCD, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Office of the Associate Dean of the Graduate School. Special students will be allowed to register only on the campus to which they have been admitted.
Special students desiring to pursue a graduate degree program at this University are encouraged to submit the complete graduate application and supporting credentials as soon as possible. A department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of as much as 8 hours of credit toward the requirements of a master’s degree for courses taken either as a student at another recognized graduate school, as a special student at the University, or any combination thereof. In addition, the department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of credit for courses taken as a special student for the semester, quarter, or summer term for which the student has applied for admission to the Graduate School, provided that the student’s application was on File with the department before the beginning of the semester, quarter, or term in question.
REGISTRATION
Course Work and Examinations
On the regular registration days of each semester, students who have been admitted to the Graduate School and who expect to study in the Graduate
School are required to complete appropriate registration procedures.
Students should register for classes the semester they are accepted into Graduate School. If unable to attend that semester they must notify the department which has accepted them and submit the necessary forms to the Office of Admissions and Records at UCD in order to attend the following semester.
Changes in Registration
A student who wishes to drop a course or take it for no credit should follow the drop/add standard procedure (see current Schedule of Courses). Note that after the tenth week of classes a graduate student may not drop, add, or change a course to no credit without presenting a letter to the associate dean of the Graduate School, UCD Administration Building, Room 502, stating the exceptional circumstances which justify the change. This letter, endorsed by the instructor of the course, must accompany the properly signed and completed drop/add card or no-credit option form.
Master’s Thesis or Report
Graduate students working toward master’s degrees, if they expect to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.)
Limitation of Registration
FULL LOAD
A graduate student will be considered to be carrying a full load during a regular semester for purposes of determining residence credit if the student is registered for not fewer than 5 semester hours in work numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis.
A full load for purposes of determining residence credit during the summer term is 3 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or 6 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis.
For the number of hours required for financial aid see “Financial Aid at the University of Colorado at Denver” in the Genral Information section of this bulletin.


68 / University of Colorado at Denver
MAXIMUM LOAD
No graduate student may receive graduate credit toward a degree for more than 15 hours in a regular semester.
The maximum number of graduate credits that may be applied toward a degree during a summer term at UCD is 10 hours per 10-week summer term.
TUITION AND FEES
The schedule of tuition and fees is given in the General Information section of this bulletin.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED DEGREES
Ouality of Graduate Work
Although the work for advanced degrees is specified partly in terms of credit hours, an advanced degree will not be conferred merely for the completion of a specified period of residence and the passing of a given number of courses. Students should not expect to get from formal courses all the training, knowledge, and grasp of ideas necessary to meet the requirements for an advanced degree. They should work on their own initiative, reading widely and thoughtfully, reaching their own conclusions, and acquiring a sense of values, perspective, and proportion.
All studies offered for credit toward an advanced degree (except those in deficiencies) must be of graduate status.
A student is expected to maintain at least a B average in all work attempted in Graduate School.
For the Ph.D., a course mark below B is unsatisfactory and will not be counted toward fulfilling the minimum requirements for the degree.
A student who fails to do satisfactory work will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School by the dean with the approval of the major department.
Appeal may be made to the Executive Committee of the Graduate School. The committee’s decision shall be final. A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student’s major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee.
Grading System
The standing of a student in work intended for an advanced degree is to be indicated by the marks A, B, and C.
A — Superior, 4 credit points for each credit hour. B — Good, 3 credit points for each credit hour.
C — Fair, 2 credit points for each credit hour.
Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. Marks below B are not accepted for the doctoral degree.
An IF or an IW grade may be given for incomplete work at the discretion of the instructor. For details, refer to the discussion of the uniform grading system. The grade of IP (in progress) will be given for continuing thesis work and will be valid until the thesis is completed.
A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she obtained a grade of C, D, or F upon written recommendation to the dean by the chairman of the advisory committee and the chairman of the department, provided the course has not previously applied toward a degree.
Graduate students may register for undergraduate courses on a Pass/Fail basis; however, graduate credit will not be awarded, and such courses cannot be applied toward a graduate degree.
Use of English
A student who is noticeably deficient in the use and spelling of the English language may not obtain an advanced degree from the University of Colorado. The satisfaction of this requirement depends not so much upon the ability to pass formal tests, although these may be demanded, as it does upon the habitual use of good English in all oral and written work. Ability to use the language with precision and distinction should be cultivated as an attainment of major importance.
Each department will judge the qualifications of its advanced students in the use of English. Reports, examinations, and speech will be considered in estimating the candidate’s proficiency.
MASTER’S DEGREE
A student regularly admitted to the Graduate School and later accepted as a candidate for the degree Master of Arts, Master of Science, or other master’s degree will be recommended for the degree only after the following requirements have been met.
In general, only graduates of an approved institution who have a thorough preparation for their proposed field of study and who do graduate work of high quality are able to attain the degree with the minimum amount of work specified below. All studies offered toward the minimum requirement for the degree must be of graduate rank. Necessary additional work required to make up deficiencies or prerequisites may be partly or entirely undergraduate courses.
The requirements stated below are minimum requirements; additional conditions set by the department will be found in the announcements of separate departments. Any department may make further regulations not inconsistent with the general rules.
Minimum Requirement
The minimum requirement of graduate work for the degree Master of Arts or Master of Science may be fulfilled by following either Plan I or Plan II below.
Plan I: By presenting 24 semester hours of graduate work, including a thesis. At least 12 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.


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Plan II: By presenting 30 semester hours of graduate work, without a thesis. At least 16 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.
Plan II does not represent a free option for the student. A candidate for the master’s degree may be allowed to select Plan II only on the recommendation of the department concerned.
Graduate Credit
Graduate credit is given for courses which are listed at the 500 level or above and which are offered by those colleges or schools that are members of the Graduate School, or which have otherwise been approved by the dean of the Graduate School. No assurance can be given that work taken by a student will count toward a higher degree unless the student has the approval of the department.
Not all courses listed are available at any one time; some of them are given in alternate years.
Courses taken during the fall semester 1975 and thereafter will have graduate rank if they are taught by members of the Graduate School faculty and are in one of the following two categories:
1. Courses within the major department at the 500 level or above.
2. Courses outside the major department at any level, provided they are approved for graduate rank for a specific degree plan by the faculty of the degreegranting program.
This does not change the minimum number of courses that must be taken at the 500 level or above. However, as a result, most students who include 400-level courses of other departments in their program will not exceed those minimum requirements for graduation.
Field of Study
Studies leading to a master’s degree may be divided between major and minor subjects at the discretion of the faculty of the degree-granting program.
Status
After a student has made a satisfactory record in this University for at least one semester or summer term and after he has removed any deficiencies that were determined at the time of admission or by qualifying examinations or otherwise, he should confer with his major department and request that a decision be made on his status. This definite status must be set by his major department before a student may make application for admission to candidacy for an advanced degree.
Students who are inadequately prepared must make up without credit toward a graduate degree all prerequisites required by the department concerned.
Language Requirements
Candidates must have such knowledge of ancient and modem languages as each department requires. See special departmental requirements.
Credit by Transfer
Resident graduate work of high quality done in a recognized graduate school elsewhere and coming within the time limit may be accepted up to a limited amount, provided it is recommended by the department concerned and approved by the dean of the Graduate School.
All work accepted by transfer must come within the 5-year time limit or be validated by special examination.
The maximum amount of work that may be transferred to this University is 8 semester hours.
Credit will not be transferred until the student has established in the Graduate School of this University a satisfactory record of at least one semester in residence; such transfer will not reduce the residence requirement at this University, but it may reduce the amount of work to be done in formal courses. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated.
Work already applied toward a master’s degree received from another institution cannot be accepted for transfer toward the master’s degree at the University of Colorado; extension work completed at another institution cannot be transferred; and correspondence work, except to make up deficiencies, is not recognized.
Excess undergraduate credits from another institution may not be transferred to the Graduate School. Seniors in this University may, however, transfer a limited amount of advanced resident work (up to 8 semester hours) provided such work:
1. Is completed with distinction in the senior year at this University.
2. Comes within the five-year time limit.
3. Has not been applied toward another degree.
4. Is recommended for transfer by the department concerned and is approved by the dean of the Graduate School.
Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated. For more information contact the Graduate School office.
Residency
In general, the residency requirements can be met only by residence at this University for at least two semesters or at least three summer terms. For full residence a student must be registered within the time designated at the beginning of a semester and must carry the equivalent of not fewer than 5 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work. See Limitation of Registration, Full Load, for requirements for full residence credit during the summer. A


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student who is noticeably deficient in his/her general training, or in the specific preparation indicated by each department as prerequisite to graduate work, cannot expect to obtain a degree in the minimum time specified.
Assistants and other employees of the University may fulfill the residence requirements of one year in two semesters, provided their duties do not require more than half time. Full-time employees may not satisfy the residence requirements of one year in fewer than four semesters.
Admission to Candidacy
A student who wishes to become a candidate for a master’s degree must file application in the dean’s office not later than 10 weeks prior to the completion of the comprehensive final examination. The number of hours to be presented for the degree must be determined before this application may be filed. See previous section on Status.
This application must be made on forms obtainable at the dean’s office and in various departments and must be signed by a representative of both the major and minor, if any, fields of study, certifying that the student’s work is satisfactory and that the program outlined in the application meets the requirements set in his/her particular case.
A student on Graduate School probation is not eligible to be awarded a degree until he or she is removed from probation.
Thesis Requirements
A thesis, which may be of a research, expository, critical, or creative type, is required of every master’s degree candidate under Plan I. Every thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree must:
1. Deal with a definite topic related to the major field.
2. Be based upon independent study and investigation.
3. Represent the equivalent of from 4 to 6 semester hours of work.
4. Receive the approval of the major department not later than 30 days (in some departments, 90 days) before the commencement at which the degree is to be conferred.
5. Be essentially complete at the time the comprehensive-final examination is given.
6. Comply in mechanical features with specifications obtainable from the Graduate School.
Two weeks prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred, two formally approved, printed or typewritten copies of the thesis must be filed in the Graduate School. The thesis must be complete with abstract.
All theses must be signed by the thesis adviser and the second reader. All approved theses are kept on file in the library. The thesis binding fee must be paid at the Business Office on the Boulder campus when the thesis is deposited in the Graduate School.
Credit hours earned for the thesis will not be accepted toward the requirements for a degree unless such credit has previously been registered. A student working toward a master’s degree must register for thesis for a specific number of hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total registered credit for thesis must total a minimum of 4 or a maximum of 6 semester hours, the total number of hours depending upon how much credit is to be given for the thesis.
The final grade will be withheld until the theses or report is completed. An IP will be reported for terms during which the student is registered for thesis prior to completion of the thesis.
Comprehensive Final Examinations
Each candidate for a master’s degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been completed. This examination may be given near the end of the candidate’s last semester of residence while he is still taking required courses for the degree, provided he is making satisfactory progress in those courses.
The following rules applying to the comprehensive final examination must be observed:
1. A student must be registered when he or she takes the examination.
2. Notice of the examination must be filed by the major department in the dean’s office at least three days in advance of the examination.
3. The examination is to be given by a committee of three graduate faculty members appointed by the department concerned in consultation with the dean.
4. The examination, which may be oral or written, or both, must cover the thesis, which should be essentially complete at the time, as well as other work done in the University in formal courses and seminars in the major field.
5. An examination in the minor work taken at this University is optional with the major and minor departments.
6. The examination must include all work presented for the degree not done in residence at the University of Colorado, whether in the major or minor field. The examination on transferred work will be given by representatives of the corresponding fields of study in this University.
7. A student who fails the comprehensive final examination may not attempt the examination again until at least three months have elapsed and until such work as may be prescribed by the examining committee has been completed. The student may retake the examination only once.
Master’s Thesis or Report Credit
Every graduate student working toward a master’s degree who expects to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student


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may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.)
Supplemental Examinations
Supplemental examinations should be simply an extension of the original examination and given immediately. If the student fails the supplemental examination, three months must elapse before it may be attempted again.
Course Examinations
The regular written examinations of each semester except the last must be taken. Course examinations of the last semester, which come after the comprehensive final examination has been passed, may be omitted with the consent of the instructor.
Time Limit
All work, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years or six successive summers. Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. A candidate for the master’s degree is expected to complete his work with reasonable continuity.
Deadlines for Master’s Degree Candidates Expecting to Graduate During 1981-82
Deadline dates for the following can be obtained by calling the Graduate School office on the Boulder campus, 492-7401.
1. Last day for requesting transfer of credit.
2. Applications for admission to candidacy. Applications must be submitted at least 10 weeks before the student expects to take the comprehensive final examination. Students are urged to submit this form by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which they expect to receive the degree. (The form may be picked up in the department or in the Graduate School office.)
3. Last day for thesis to be approved by department.
4. Last day for scheduling of comprehensive final examination.
5. Last day for taking comprehensive final examination.
6. Last day for filing thesis in the Graduate School. At the time of filing, the thesis must be complete in all respects and must meet thesis specifications in order to be accepted by the Graduate School. Candidates whose theses are received after 5 p.m. on the indicated
date will be graduated at the commencement following that for which the deadline is indicated.
Graduate Programs
ANTHROPOLOGY
The master’s program in anthropology offers general, flexible training in anthropology along with topical specialization and the opportunity to specialize in interdisciplinary, applied areas: medical anthropology and community and urban anthropology. The medical anthropology track is intended to serve students preparing for careers and those with established careers in the health care professions and related fields. Similarly, the community and urban anthropology track is intended to serve those who seek to employ anthropological concepts and methods of community analysis in public administration, development, planning, and allied fields. Working with an advisory committee, each student will tailor an individual program of studies around courses and seminars in anthropology and allied disciplines. These programs will culminate in either a master’s paper or master’s thesis. A primary goal of the program is to produce graduates who are capable of understanding and proficient at resolving, in cooperation with others, the many problems of complex socities; consequently, a premium will be placed on interdisciplinary instruction and practical exercises in the design and implementation of research in a variety of settings.
More detailed descriptions of the options available within the M.A. program may be obtained by writing to the Director of Graduate Studies, Anthropology, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th St., Denver, Colorado 80202.
Admission
Admission to the master’s program in anthropology is open to any holder of a baccalaureate degree, not necessarily in anthropology, provided he or she meets the following requirements: (1) general requirements for admission to the Graduate School (2.75 or better grade-point average for all undergraduate studies); and (2) knowledge of the fundamentals of anthropology. Applicants will be expected to have had a general introductory course in anthropology and secondary courses in ethnology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology or be able to demonstrate a mastery of materials equivalent to that which might reasonably be expected to result from such formal training. Applicants deficient in background may be admitted on a provisional basis but will be required to make up deficiencies without graduate credit during the first year in residence. A simpler alternative, when practical, would be to remove deficiencies as a special student prior to applying for admission to the graduate program.
In order to be considered for admission into the master’s program, an applicant must submit (1) two


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copies of transcripts from all undergraduate institutions attended; (2) Graduate Record Examination scores for verbal and quantitative aptitude; and (3) at least three letters of recommendation. Evidence of previous nonacademic anthropology-oriented work or other experience will be carefully considered, as will that of special skills relevant to anthropological research. Departmental deadlines for receipt of applications for admission to the Graduate School, including accompanying materials, is April 15 for fall entrance.
Further information concerning specialization within the program, departmental admission and advising policies, etc., may be obtained by writing the Director of Graduate Studies in Anthropology. For general Graduate School requirements and application information, see beginning of graduate section of this bulletin.
Residency
A minimum of two full semesters devoted to advanced study is required by the Graduate School. Students working toward the master’s degree in anthropology will be strongly encouraged to attain that degree within three years following matriculation into the program.
Course Hours and Distribution
A minimum of 36 semester hours of credit is required for the M.A. degree in anthropology. Fifteen hours of nonthesis course work must be at the 500 level or above. Course work is to be distributed as follows for students pursuing an interdisciplinary speciality within the general anthropology track, the medical anthropology track, or the community and urban anthropology track:
Courses in anthropology ....15 semester hours minimum
Courses in related fields . 15 semester hours minimum
For students pursuing a subdisciplinary specialty within the general anthropology track, course work is to be distributed as follows:
Courses in anthropology ... 18 semester hours minimum
Courses in related fields ..12 semester hours minimum
The remaining 6 semester hours may be met either by writing a master’s thesis, for which 6 hours credit is given, or by taking 6 additional hours of course work if the student prefers to write a master’s paper.
Examination
Each student must pass a comprehensive M.A. examination demonstrating mastery of the fundamental principles of anthropology. This examination will ordinarily be taken before the conclusion of the fourth semester in residence.
Thesis or Paper
The student must either carry out an original research project and report the results in a thesis of professional quality or write a master’s paper, more limited in scope, to complete the degree. A thesis
provides a valuable opportunity to initiate or pursue important, individual research objectives. The master’s paper is intended as a flexible alternative for students who wish to pursue in depth some issue or specialty topic without engaging in the sustained research effort on which a master’s thesis depends.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
See Mathematics Program.
BASIC SCIENCE, MASTER OF
Collin Hightower, Coordinator for UCD
The program leading to the Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.) degree is interdisciplinary. It provides an opportunity for present and prospective mathematics and science professionals and others to extend and/or broaden their training in computer science, mathematics, museology, and the natural and physical sciences at advanced undergraduate and graduate levels. These professionals include public school teachers, industrial scientists, engineers, business persons, and others. The student may elect the mathematics, science, or museology options as described below. Wide latitude is possible in the details of a degree plan so that each student may follow a course of study most pertinent to their interests. The degree plan will be designed in conjunction with the student’s adviser and must be approved by the executive committee.
All courses credited toward the degree must be taken through the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado Springs, or Denver, over a period of five years or six successive summers.
The Master of Basic Science degree is supervised by an advisory committee appointed by the dean of the Graduate School, and application should be made to the Master of Basic Science Office, Ketchum 306, University of Colorado at Boulder, regardless of the campus which the student plans to attend.
Requirements for Admission
1. General regulations for admission to the Graduate School apply (see Requirements for Admission).
2. A student is expected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the natural sciences and mathematics, including one year of calculus, upon admission. Students may be admitted to the program with a deficiency in calculus, but must remedy the deficiency within two years after admission by completing Math. 140-241 with a grade of C or better (or other courses in mathematical subjects on approval by the advisory committee with a grade of C or better).
Requirements for the
Master of Basic Science Degree
1. General regulations of the Graduate School governing the award of the master’s degree apply (see


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Master of Arts and Master of Science) except as modified below.
2. The student is required to complete 24 semester hours of University credit for the Plan I (thesis) option and 30 semester hours for the Plan II (no thesis) option. All of these hours shall be numbered 300 and above, and be taught by members of the graduate faculty. At least 12 of these hours shall be numbered 500 or higher, not to include thesis credit. Normally, not more than 3 hours of 500-level credit should be independent study.
3. Minimum Grade-Point Average. Courses on the 300 and 400 level will be accepted toward the degree only with grades of A or B; 500- and 600-level courses will be accepted toward the degree with grades of A, B, or C. The student must have a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his admission to the program, including courses not actually offered for the degree.
PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
Students who are not presenting a thesis for the degree must pass a final examination or prepare a paper describing a research project or other specialized study. The choice of these is at the discretion of the Administrative Committee which also must approve the candidate’s performance.
There are three basic options within the program: mathematics, museology, and science. A Plan II (no thesis) option is available in the science option.
Mathematics Option
A reasonable degree of competence is required in the fields of analysis, algebra, and geometry. A minimum of 15 semester hours of upper division courses (300 level or above) in mathematics must be offered for the degree, including at least 3 hours of analysis, 6 hours of algebra, and 3 hours of geometry.
2. One upper division sequence of at least 6 semester hours in any of the physical or biological sciences represented in the program. With permission, two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for the one-year sequence.
3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer sciences, to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of these 30, twelve or more hours must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school mathematics teaching, history of mathematics or science, or philosophy of mathematics or science.
Science Option
1. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in each of two of the physical or biological sciences named above. With permission, two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for one of the one-year sequences.
2. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer sciences, to complete an approved degree plan. Of the total, twelve hours or more must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school teaching, history of science or mathematics, or philosophy of science or mathematics.
Museology Option (Boulder Campus Only)
1. At least 8 but not more than 12 semester hours of courses offered by the museum. Three to 6 semester hours of courses in the College of Business and Administration of which 3 semester hours must be in the area of small business management. The total museum-business semester hours may not exceed 15.
2. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in one of the departments (other than museum) represented in the program.
3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer science, to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of the 30 hours, at least 12 hours must be numbered 500 or above.
BIOLOGY
Students wishing to pursue graduate work in biology should be familiar with the University of Colorado Requirements for Advanced Degrees. There are no special discipline requirements, although the prospective student must consult with a faculty adviser prior to making application. The general portion of the GRE is required, and the specialty area is recommended. Applications are submitted directly to the biology graduate coordinator at UCD.
The discipline offers either Plan I (with thesis) or Plan II (without thesis) Master of Arts degrees in environmental, organismic, and population biology, and Plan II M.A. degree in biology with education. Upon admission to the program the student in consultation with an adviser will design a study program suited to the student’s specific needs. There is no core of required courses structured into the master’s degree program. Courses acceptable toward the master’s degree in biology include, in addition to biology courses and subject to the approval of the adviser, any appropriate 400- 500-, and 600-level courses offered in other disciplines or divisions of the University.
It should be noted that the student may have to complete some courses at the Boulder or Health Sciences Center campuses.
In conjunction with the College of Engineering and Applied Science an interdisciplinary program has been developed with a major in environmental science. The program offers several subject concentrations within both basic and applied environmental science. Included within the basic approach are concentrations in ecology, earth science, population studies, and physics-chemistry. Included within the applied approach are concentrations in conservation of natural resources, systems analysis, and environmental quality control.


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Students interested in this program should contact the Graduate Representative for Biology, at UCD.
CHEMISTRY
The M.S. degree is offered at UCD in any one of the following basic fields: analytical, bio-, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry. Additionally, problems involving application of chemical knowledge to the problems of our environment are encouraged.
The M.S. program is available to both full- and part-time students. The chemistry faculty at UCD strives to ensure that students receive excellent supervision of work and advising in the graduate program. Students enrolled in the program have a good opportunity to be appointed as teaching assistants. Research activities on the part of the chemistry faculty provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain research assistantships.
Degree Requirements
Two types of degrees are offered:
Plan I requires 24 credit hours including 15 to 20 credit hours of formal course work, 4 to 9 credit hours in research courses, the completion of a research investigation, and the presentation of a thesis.
Plan II requires 24 hours of formal course work and 6 credit hours of research without a thesis.
Prerequisite. An undergraduate major in chemistry is desirable since all students are required to pass examinations covering the major fields of chemistry. The GRE (Graduate Record Examination) scores are required. Advanced chemistry GREs are recommended.
Students who plan to enroll in the graduate program must take a qualifying examination to determine their background and qualifications for advanced study in the field of chemistry.
CIVIL ENGINEERING
Civil engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered through the combined departments of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering (Boulder) and Civil and Urban Engineering (Denver). Students wishing to pursue graduate work in civil engineering leading to candidacy for the Master of Science or Doctor of Philosophy degrees should read carefully Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. All requirements for the M.S. and a large part of those for the Ph.D. may be completed at UCD. A pamphlet elaborating on the rules as they apply to civil engineering is available from the departmental office at UCD.
No qualifying examination is required for the M.S. degree; however, in competition for all University fellowships, the Graduate Record Examination, consisting of the aptitude tests and the advanced test in engineering, is used in the evaluation of candidates. Therefore, students are advised to take this examination prior to their arrival on campus.
Programs are available in the fields of transportation, water quality and water resources, hydraulics, soil mechanics, structural mechanics, and structural design.
In each program, courses are selected by the student (under supervision of the faculty adviser) in such a way as to meet the student’s interests and the requirements of the Graduate School.
See also Master of Engineering degree.
The civil engineering program has no Ph.D. foreign language requirement other than those communication requirements established by the Graduate School.
Center for Urban Transportation Studies
The Center for Urban Transportation Studies (CUTS), operating under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, was established: (1) to assume a leading role in the Rocky Mountain region in developing research, research facilities, and interdisciplinary graduate programs in urban transportation; and (2) to provide a central resource for information concerning urban transportation problems in the Rocky Mountain region, making available to outside organizations the expertise within the University.
Through CUTS, the departments offer interdisciplinary graduate programs and research opportunities designed to develop professionals who will be capable of dealing with the complex problems of urban transportation in a competent and meaningful manner.
COMMUNICATION AND THEATRE
Applicants are admitted to the graduate program in communication and theatre on the basis of their academic records and on recommendations. While there are no specific prerequisites beyond those required by the Graduate School, students admitted who are unable to offer a substantial number of semester hours of work in the area of their intended specialization or allied fields must expect that a significant number of additional courses and semester hours will be required of them in order to make up deficiencies.
Every student must take a diagnostic examination before completing 9 semester hours.
For every student who declares intention to qualify for an advanced degree, an adviser and committee will be selected not later than the beginning of the student’s second semester (or second summer term) in residence. It is the duty of this adviser and committee to assume the responsibility for (1) approving the student’s graduate program; and (2) evaluating the student’s qualifying examination, thesis, and comprehensive final examination.
All M.A. degree candidates are required to complete C.T. 601 or its equivalent. At least two courses (4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department or outside the departmental area(s) of concentration.
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must normally earn 27 semester hours, of which a minimum of 16 must be earned in one major area. Four to 6 thesis credit hours may be counted toward the 27-hour requirement.
The Plan II Option W/T is available at UCD only upon application.
Courses at the 500 level or above may be applied toward the graduate degree by graduate students in communication and theatre. Some courses are available only on the Boulder campus; inquiry should be made.
The graduate courses in communication and theatre are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
Degree Requirements
1. Economic Theory: Econ. 507.
2. Quantitative Methods: Econ. 580 (or 480), and Econ. 581.
3. Plan I: An M.A. Thesis. Twenty-four semester hours, of which 12 must be at the 500 level and 4 to 6 semester hours of thesis credit. Thesis credit does not count toward the twelve 500-level hours.
4. Plan II: Without Thesis. Thirty semester hours, of which 16 must be at the 500 level. Two fields of concentration. Each field requires 6 credit hours, but the structure is highly flexible, e.g., one field can be an internship.
COMPUTER SCIENCE
Under the auspices of the Computer Science Department at the University of Colorado at Boulder, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the mathematics department at UCD are offering a program leading to the M.S. in computer science. The program consists of a core of five courses required of all students and the selection of a specialty field (numerical computation, programming languages, computer systems, management science, or signal processing) in which additional courses are taken.
Students may choose the thesis option (Plan I) or the nonthesis option (Plan II). Those selecting Plan I may register for 4 to 6 semester hours of credit for thesis research, working with a faculty adviser from the Boulder or Denver campus. Those selecting Plan II must take C.S. 701, the master’s reading option, offered on the Boulder Campus. In both cases the student’s advisory committee usually will consist of faculty from both campuses.
Admission to the program is granted by the Computer Science Department (Boulder). Information on the program can be obtained from the department, 492-7514 or the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at UCD, 629-2872.
ECONOMICS
The M.A. degree in economics is offered at both the Denver and Boulder campuses. The requirements are the same and the examinations are offered jointly, but the emphasis and fields offered differ. The Denver program is oriented toward part-time students concerned with urban problems or seeking to teach below university level. Persons interested in the program should contact the graduate adviser, Professor Alan Shelly.
Requirements for Admission
(Students not meeting these requirements may be admitted provisionally.)
1. General requirements of the Graduate School.
2. Three letters of recommendation.
3. Sixteen semester hours of economics.
4. Acceptable GRE scores.
EDUCATION
Graduate study in education at the University of Colorado is offered on three campuses (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) and through 14 program areas. All inquiries regarding programs at UCD should be directed to the Associate Dean’s Office, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Associate Dean of the Graduate School at UCD.
A wide range of professional and academic interest is served by these programs. Programs of study can be undertaken in the following areas:
Administration and supervision Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations
Guidance and counseling (elementary, secondary, and agency settings)
Library media Reading
Secondary education (Mathematics education, Science education, English education, Social studies education)
Graduate studies in education are offered at the M.A. (thesis and nonthesis) level. In some instances, doctoral work can be taken at UCD, but only with the prior approval of a student’s adviser, and the dean’s office on both the Boulder and Denver campuses.
Outlines of each of the graduate programs of study are available upon request from the School of Education Office at UCD. Since many of the graduate degree plans are flexible and can be designed around individual student needs, it is highly desirable that the prospective candidate discuss tentative programs of studies with appropriate faculty members prior to submitting applications.
Application for Admission
A prospective candidate should request application forms from the Associate Dean, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver. The completed form should be returned to the Associate Dean, School of Education, UCD, together with a $20 application fee. The fee should be in the form of a check or money order payable to the University of Colorado. Two copies of official transcripts of all previous college and university study should be ordered by the applicant to be sent to the associate dean. Four recommendations on the forms provided, or by letter, should be furnished. At least two of these should be from college or


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university professors who can write with assurance about the applicant’s academic and professional achievement promise. One or two recommendations from supervisors or employers are acceptable with reference to an applicant’s ability and contribution to the enterprise with which he was or is associated. Application papers and all supporting documents (including GRE scores or MAT scores, see below) must be in the associate dean’s office on April 1 for summer and fall, and October 1 for spring semester admission.
Applicants should request the Educational Testing Service to send their scores on the aptitude test (verbal and quantitative) of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), or scores from the Miller’s Analogy Test, to the dean’s office. If an applicant has not taken the Graduate Record Examination or the Miller’s Analogy Test, he should arrange to do so. The GRE or MAT is administered at many centers throughout the country. Information about the GRE may be obtained from the Graduate School Office, the Student Relations Office at UCD, the Educational Testing Service, 20 Nassau Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or the graduate office of a university in the applicant’s area.
Master’s Degree
Two Master of Arts degree plans and a Master of Education plan are available, each comprising one academic year or more of graduate work beyond the bachelor’s degree. The minimum residence requirement for any master’s degree is one academic year or the equivalent, and it may be satisfied by two semesters in residence, or three full summer sessions, or any combination equal to two semesters.
DEGREE REQUIREMENTS
1. M.A. — Plan I (With Thesis). The program consists of 36 semester hours or more, including 4 semester hours for the master’s thesis. While the inclusion of a minor field is not required by the Graduate School, a student and adviser may agree on a minor, in which 4 to 8 semester hours can be applied toward degree requirements.
The M.A. thesis is written in accordance with the specifications set by the Graduate School and under the supervision of the student’s adviser. When a complete first draft is ready for final typing, the thesis must be read by a second reader appointed by the dean’s office. If the second reader approves the thesis, both the reader and the adviser will sign it when it is presented for filing with the Graduate School. If the reader does not approve, he and the student’s adviser will confer and suggest appropriate changes. Two copies are required by the Graduate School.
2. M.A. — Plan II (Without Thesis). The Plan II program includes 36 or more semester hours of graduate credit, and may include 4 to 10 hours for a minor. The minor is highly recommended in some fields of study.
3. Master of Education (M.Ed.). This program requires a minimum of 36 or more semester hours of
graduate work, including a professional report for which 2 semester hours credit is granted. The professional report is prepared under the supervision of the student’s adviser, in accordance with thesis specifications issued by the Graduate School. One copy is submitted to the adviser upon completion, but none is filed with the Graduate School.
EDUCATION AS A MINOR FIELD
In M.A. programs for majors outside the School of Education, students may include education as a minor if both their major department and the dean’s office of the School of Education approve. For master’s degrees, a minor in education consists of at least 6 semester hours of study in related courses. Not more than 2 semester hours may be transferred from another institution.
Students who propose to minor in education must have had sufficient undergraduate work in education to prepare them for graduate study in the field. Appraisal of undergraduate preparation will be made by the dean’s office and the coordinator of the program area in which the proposed minor courses will be taken.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Electrical engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered through the combined Departments of Electrical Engineering (Boulder) and Electrical and Computer Engineering (Denver).
Students can undertake studies toward the Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees at UCD in the areas of communication and information systems, computer hardware and software, control systems, electrooptics and holography, circuits and electronics, fields and propagation, and power systems.
A student wishing to pursue work in electrical engineering should read carefully the Requirements for Advanced Degrees section in this bulletin, and should also obtain a copy of the specific electrical engineering requirements by writing to the Director of Graduate Admissions, Electrical Engineering Department, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309. Special students and those intending to pursue a graduate program at UCD are urged to consult the departmental representative as part of their application procedure.
Master’s degree students are expected to present a thesis unless specifically exempted by the department.
The Ph.D. preliminary examination will include the following areas:
Bioengineering
Circuits (active, passive, models)
Communication theory
Computers
Control systems
Electric and magnetic fields
Energy conversion
Mathematics
Physical and semiconductor electronics


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Each student must complete two sections, mathematics and the area in which he/she plans to specialize, and must present an acceptable master’s thesis or the equivalent as an indication of ability to perform independent research.
ENGINEERING, MASTER OF
The Master of Engineering degree program is administered by the Graduate School through the departments of engineering. The requirements for admission and for quality and quantity of academic work are essentially the same as for the Master of Science degree awarded in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
The principal difference between the Master of Engineering degree and the Master of Science degree is that the Master of Engineering is intended especially to meet the needs of those practicing engineers who wish to follow an integrated, interdisciplinary program of studies in engineering or in engineering and allied subjects related to the individual student’s professional work. Examples of such interdisciplinary programs include engineering and social sciences, engineering and biological sciences, engineering and behavioral sciences, engineering and public administration, engineering and law, and engineering and business administration.
The degree will be especially valuable for continuing education programs for engineers in industry. It will provide a framework for such persons to work toward significant goals fitted to their particular interests. The program can include courses which are made available on video tape or on live television.
The Master of Engineering degree is not intended as a means to permit a random, unguided selection of courses. Each prospective student is required to present a well-defined objective in order to be admitted to the program. In consultation with the faculty advisers, an academic program is developed to meet this objective.
The requirements for the degree are 30 credit hours plus a written report on a creative investigation which may be related to the student’s professional work. The report will be of the same general quality as that required for the thesis for the Master of Science degree and must be defended orally, but does not in itself carry credit nor require registration. It may be based upon work done for credit under independent study. At least 15 credit hours must be in engineering at the 500 level or above. As many as 15 credit hours may be taken outside of engineering. Credit in courses below the 400 level will not apply toward degree requirements.
The admission of each student to graduate study, the approval of his degree program, admission to candidacy for the degree, and the approval of the awarding of a degree are to originate through a specific department of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, in the same manner as for the established Master of Science program. An advisory
committee, including not fewer than three faculty members, will be appointed for each student by his/her department. The membership of each advisory committee shall be chosen from the various interdisciplinary academic areas represented in the student’s program and will be from more than one department. The advisory committee guides the student, and is responsible for approving the individual’s degree program and admission to candidacy; and approves the student’s written report and the awarding of the degree.
Additional information about the degree may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science departmental offices on the Boulder and Denver campuses.
ENGLISH
Students admitted to graduate study in English may complete all or substantially all of their course requirements for either the M.A. or Ph.D. at UCD; examinations are administered through the English Department on the Boulder Campus.
Admission requirements for graduate study in English include satisfactory scores on verbal and advanced (literature) parts of the Graduate Record Examination, plus at least 24 semester hours in English (exclusive of composition, creative writing, speech, and literature courses counting as credits in education, but including 6 hours of Survey of English Literature), of which at least 16 semester hours must be in upper division work.
Students wishing to pursue graduate work in English should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. They also should obtain a copy of the brochure, Graduate Study in English, issued by the English department and should consult the director of graduate English studies at UCD.
All students planning to take any graduate English examination must state their intentions to the director of graduate English studies at UCD at least ten weeks prior to the date of the examination.
The graduate courses in English are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
A Master of Science degree in environmental science is offered through cooperation between the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. For further details contact the associate dean of the Graduate School at UCD.
FINE ARTS
Some course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in the discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Courses at the 400 level also may be used for graduate credit as part of the minor; 500-level courses are open to qualified seniors.
The graduate courses in fine arts are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.


78 / University of Colorado at Denver
FRENCH
At present UCD offers no French courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate adviser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in French are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
GEOGRAPHY
An M.A. degree program is offered at UCD emphasizing the spatial analysis of a variety of urban phenomena. Areas of specialization include urban economic/social geography, transportation, quantitative methods, urban microclimatology, demography, land use, perception, and environmental planning. Graduate training toward the Ph.D. degree is also available at UCD, but applications are presently processed by the departmental office on the Boulder campus. Flexible programs are designed to meet the needs of both full- and part-time students.
All incoming graduate students will be required to complete Geog. 618 (Seminar in Geographic Problems). This orientation and diagnostic seminar emphasizes research methods and their application to selected topics. Each student’s performance will be evaluated by the faculty to: (1) determine the general fitness of the student to continue toward the M.A. degree and (2) identify any academic deficiency the student may have.
For admission to the M.A. program, the student must have a bachelor’s degree in geography or some allied field. Applicants with little or no training in geography may be required to take additional course work in areas deemed necessary for completing graduate work. The GRE verbal and quantitative examinations, or their equivalent for foreign students, are required of all applicants.
GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in this discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder.
HISTORY
As general preparation for graduate work in history, it is desirable for a student to have had undergraduate courses in government, geography, and economics as well as a major in history. Candidates for graduate degrees may be required to pursue such fundamental courses in history as the department deems necessary to provide sufficient bibliographical background.
The candidate for degree status is required to take the verbal section of the Graduate Record Examination before enrolling in the discipline’s graduate program, and demonstrate adequate informational background for candidacy. The advanced history section of the GRE is recommended but not required.
While it is possible to obtain the M.A. degree in two full semesters of residence, is is frequently advisable and at times necessary that more time be spent in graduate work.
Degree Requirements
There are two options for fulfilling M.A. degree requirements. A student may take 30 semester hours of course work or 24 semester hours plus a thesis. The department strongly recommends the latter option. A comprehensive written examination must be passed before the degree is awarded. Before beginning graduate work, the student should seek guidance in course selection from members of the history faculty.
HUMANITIES, MASTER OF
The Master of Humanities is an interdisciplinary degree offered at UCD. Its purpose is to provide an opportunity for students to broaden their understanding of the relationships among the several areas normally subsumed under the heading of humanities, e.g., communication, philosophy, the arts, literature, and the languages. The M.H. program is especially suitable for the many high school, junior high school, and elementary school teachers who find themselves in the position of having to teach in several different areas of the humanities. However the M.H. program is by no means restricted to teachers.
All courses required for the M.H. degree are offered at UCD.
Admission
Each student is required to take the Graduate Record Examination aptitude test as an aid in the planning of his studies for the degree.
Before entering the M.H. program, a student is expected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the humanities. Humanities, as used here, is broadly conceived to include general studies in communication, theatre, philosophy, literature, the arts, the languages, and other areas as agreed upon by the student and the Graduate School.
General requirements of the Graduate School governing the awarding of the master’s degree apply.
Degree Requirements
All courses credited toward the M.H. degree must be taken at the University of Colorado over a period not exceeding five years or six successive summers. The M.H. degree program shall be supervised by an advisory committee consisting of three members of the graduate faculty, each from a different area of the humanities.
In addition to the 6 hours for Hum. 500 and 501 (described below), candidates for the M.H. degree are expected to complete a minimum of 24 semester hours at the 500 level or higher in four of the following areas (i.e., 6 hours in each of four areas):


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Communication English Fine arts
French language and literature
History
Music
Philosophy
Spanish language and literature Theatre
Up to 6 hours in areas other than those listed above may be accepted as humanities as agreed upon by the student and the advisory committee.
The requirement of 6 hours in each of four areas is intended to insure that the student achieves a considerable degree of breadth. On the other hand, this requirement should not be construed as precluding the student from doing additional work in one particular field in order to achieve further depth.
Within one calendar year of entering the M.H. program, the student is required to take Hum. 500 and 501. These are 3-credit seminars which deal with the identity of the humanities, their place in the life of man, the various media through which they manifest themselves, and related matters. Hum. 500 and 501 count as part of the 30 hours required for the M.H. degree. Twenty-four of the required hours will be taken in the disciplines listed above, the remainder to be completed through Hum. 500 and 501.
Before completing 15 hours of course work toward the M.H., the student must meet with an advisory committe to plan the directions and emphases for the remainder of studies for the degree.
After completing the 30 hours required for the degree, the student is required to pass a comprehensive examination covering three of the four areas in which course work has been concentrated. It should be stressed that this examination is not a combination of three different master’s degree examinations; rather, it is an opportunity for the student to display, and the faculty to view, the student’s expertise in combining significant aspects of three different fields, bringing major trends and ideas of the fields into meaningful relationships with each other. The examination will be composed and administered by the student’s advisory committee.
After satisfactory completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must present a final thesis or project. This is a substantial scholarly and/or creative exercise involving three different humanistic areas. It is supervised by the student’s advisory committee and must be performed or presented before an open seminar consisting of the committee and any other faculty members who wish to attend. The approved thesis or report of thesis-performance shall be recorded in the Graduate School.
Throughout this work toward the M.H. degree, the student must uphold the high standards of the Graduate School, maintaining at least a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his admission to the M.H. program.
Required Courses
The only courses specifically required for the M.H. degree are the new Hum. 500 and 501 described above.
The 24 hours (in addition to Hum. 500 and 501) required for the degree will normally be drawn from 500-level courses which already exist at UCD.
The language requirement for the M.H. degree is fourth-semester proficiency in a language relevant to the student’s particular course of study. Such relevancy will be decided upon by the student’s advisory committee.
For further information about the Master of Humanities degree program students should contact the Division of Arts and Humanities.
MATHEMATICS
Two graduate degrees may be earned in mathematics: the M.A. in mathematics and the M.S. in applied mathematics. (Also see Master of Basic Science.) It is the responsibility of each individual student to see that the requirements for these degrees are satisfied at the proper time.
To begin graduate work toward one of the above degrees, a student should have at least the following preparation: 30 semester hours in mathematics including, beyond a full course in calculus, a year’s course in advanced calculus, 3 semester hours of linear algebra and either a 3-semester-hour course in higher algebra or a 3-semester-hour course in ordinary differential equations.
Students who do not have all the prerequisites for one of the advanced degrees may still be admitted provisionally if, in the faculty’s judgment, their record justifies this (but also see the Graduate School admission requirements).
For a mathematics minor for a graduate degree, a full course in calculus is a prerequisite.
Requirements for the M.A. and M.S.
The student must present 30 hours of course work, including a 6-hour minor. All mathematics courses submitted must be numbered 500 or higher. If the minor is taken outside of mathematics, the minor courses must be numbered 400 or higher.
These 30 hours must include at least two of the following two-semester sequences. See the Schedule of Courses for courses offered.
Math. 501-502. Topology Math. 511-512. Theory of Numbers Math. 513-514. Abstract Algebra Math. 515-516. Linear Algebra Math. 521-522. Projective Geometry Math. 523-524. Differential Geometry Math. 531-532. Real Analysis Math. 535-536. Complex Variables Math. 537-538. Topics in Applied Mathematics Math. 541-542. Calculus of Variations Math. 549-550. Partial Differential Equations Math. 553-554. Mathematical Physics Math. 560-561. Numerical Analysis Math. 562-563. Numerical Solutions of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations Math. 571-572. Logic Math. 573-574. Set Theory Math. 581-583. Statistics and Probability Math. 581-587. Statistics Math. 583-585. Probability
There is no thesis requirement for either degree. However, the candidate must make a one-half hour oral presentation on an approved topic. A committee


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of two graduate faculty members is selected by the candidate to approve the topic and supervise its preparation and presentation.
There is no foreign language requirement for either master’s degree. However, students who may want to continue for a Ph.D. should satisfy at least one of the foreign language requirements before obtaining a master’s degree.
Mathematics offers a wide assortment of programs leading to a master’s degree. All programs must be planned in consultation with and approved by a mathematics graduate adviser.
SUGGESTED M.A. IN MATHEMATICS
First Year
Semester Hours
Math. 515-516. Linear Algebra I, II....................... 6
Math. 535-536. Functions of a Complex Variable I, II ..... 6
Minor...................................................... 3
Second Year
Math. 513-514. Modern Algebra I, II........................ 6
Math. 531-532. Introduction to Real Analysis I, II......... 6
Minor...................................................... 3
Total 30
Suggested M.S. in Applied Mathematics
First Year
Semester Hours
Math. 560-561. Numerical Analysis I, II.................. 6
Math 543. Ordinary Differential Equations................ 3
Math. 549. Introduction to Partial Differential
Equations I ......................................... 3
Minor.................................................... 3
Second Year
Math. 505. Topics in Combinatorial Analysis.............. 3
Math. 507. Advanced Calculus III ........................ 3
Math. 537-538. Topics in Applied Mathematics............. 6
Minor.................................................... 3
Total 30
MUSIC
Graduate study in music at UCD is presently offered in several cooperative programs with the University of Colorado at Boulder. Varying amounts of work toward the Master of Music Education and the Master of Music degrees may be taken in Denver. Admission to these programs is achieved by application to the Office of the Associate Dean for Graduate Study, College of Music, in Boulder.
Postbaccalaureate study in the special areas of concentration unique to UCD include composition and arranging, sound synthesis and recording, and music and media. Since these are innovative programs, prospective candidates should make personal inquiry at UCD about requirements.
The music educator intending to undertake graduate work will find the UCD programs attractive, particularly if he or she has special interests in jazz, rock, improvisation, sound synthesis and recording, and the repertory associated with today’s youth.
The composer-arranger-performer-producer who seeks graduate training in the fields of recording, television, and music for advertising also will find UCD responsive to his or her needs.
Applied Music Policy
All performance standards, requirements, and credits specified for a particular music degree in this college do not necessarily transfer and become acceptable for any other music degree within the college. Additional information on this policy is available from the Office of the Associate Dean, UCD College of Music.
PHILOSOPHY
Applicants for admission to the Graduate School for work toward an M.A. or Ph.D. degree with a major in philosophy are expected to have had 18 or more semester hours in undergraduate courses in the subject, including history of philosophy. While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Students wishing to pursue graduate work in philosophy should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin and should obtain from the department a copy of the Graduate Program in Philosophy. The Graduate Record Examination is not required.
Certain special programs exist (M.A.’s in comparative East/West philosophy and in history and philosophy of science), details of which may be had on request.
PHYSICS
While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Physics courses at the 400 level may be used for graduate credit for students in nonphysics graduate programs.
POLITICAL SCIENCE
Admission to the M.A. Program
Students applying for admission to the M.A. program in political science normally should present at least 18 hours of undergraduate or previous graduate work in political science, at least 9 hours of which should be at the upper division or graduate level. Deficiencies may be made up at UCD by enrolling in political science courses as a special student. Deficiencies usually must be made up before the student will be admitted as a regular degree student, and the work involved will be in addition to the minimum hourly requirements for the degree. Graduate Record Examination aptitude scores are required of applicants. The department may make exceptions to these requirements in unusual cases (for instance, where


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course work in related fields such as psychology, economics, and history, or practical political experience, compensate for course work deficiencies in political science).
Master of Arts in Political Science
The degree requirement shall consist of at least 25 semester hours of work at the graduate level, including at least one seminar in each of three broad areas of political science—American, foreign, and theory—and at least one additional graduate seminar in political science. The other 13 hours may be distributed among other political science seminars, the master’s thesis (4 hours), and a maximum of 9 hours combined in independent study and work in cognate disciplines (but not more than 6 hours of either).
Emphasis of the political science discipline at UCD is on critical perspectives, creative teaching and writing, interdisciplinary work, experiential involvement, and cooperative research projects. Close and continuing contact among students and between faculty and students is encouraged.
PSYCHOLOGY
The M.A. program offers a specialty in child development, and is appropriate for persons who will have responsibility for implementing and evaluating child care delivery programs, as well as for those with research and/or service functions associated with early psychological development.
Students wishing to pursue graduate work leading to the Master of Arts degree should read Requirements for Advanced Degrees. The GRE (verbal and quantitative) Aptitude Tests and Advanced Test in Psychology are required. The master’s degree program is the only graduate program in psychology offered at UCD. Any questions should be directed to Professor Graham M. Sterritt, director of the graduate program, or to the Graduate School.
SOCIAL SCIENCE, MASTER OF
The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.) graduate degree program was instituted at UCD in 1978 to provide a number of different kinds of students with an opportunity to design their programs to satisfy their unique educational needs within the social sciences. Typical students include public school teachers, social service workers, criminal justice counselors, and senior citizens returning to university studies.
The flexibility of the program, with emphasis on breadth of understanding, continues to be one of its
most attractive features as well as the possibility of including an internship of a work-related project as a significant part of the student’s program. Former students have indicated that this degree program has also satisfied work-related goals either on their continuing jobs or in the process of change of careers.
General rules for admission to the Graduate School apply. For further information contact Dr. Richard H. Ogles, director of the Master of Social Science, 629-2847.
SOCIOLOGY
The M.A. degree in sociology offered at UCD has an urban focus with an applied emphasis. The urban sociology program is designed to complement professional degree programs in environmental design, medicine, nursing, community health, physical engineering, public and business administration, education, and fine arts by providing advanced seminars, and planning and research opportunities in urban theory and methodology.
Requirements for Admission
1. General requirements of the Graduate School.
2. A combined grade-point average of at least 3.0 for all courses taken in sociology as an undergraduate or graduate prior to admission.
3. Three letters of recommendation.
4. A statement specifying the purpose and goal of advanced study.
Degree Requirements
1. Completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours of approved graduate work.
2. Completion of a project in the format of an article prepared and submitted for publication in a relevant professional journal.
3. Sociological theory sequence—6 hours (Soc. 515 and 516).
4. Research methods sequence—6 hours (Soc. 507 and 508).
5. Area of concentration—14 to 16 hours
6. Passing of comprehensive final examination.
SPANISH
At present UCD offers no Spanish courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate adviser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in Spanish are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.


College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Daniel Fallon, Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
Study of the liberal arts and sciences aims to develop human potential in order to bring the best of human intellect and emotion to bear on the experiences and challenges of life. By providing a broad educational foundation, the arts and sciences prepare students to initiate careers, to change careers in midlife, to pursue advanced study in a discipline, to study for a professional career such as law or medicine, and, in general, to lead a rewarding and productive life. The curriculum helps students to increase substantive knowledge, to learn skills such as logical argument and clear expression, to gain new insights about relationships in nature and society, to develop critical thought and interpretive ability, to solve complex problems rationally, and to heighten aesthetic appreciation.
To accomplish these aims, the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences supports a vigorous interaction between faculty and students. A dedicated faculty with strong academic credentials is committed to highly motivated urban students who represent a broad range of age and experience. Thus, the curriculum of the College maintains traditionally high university academic standards while providing numerous flexible learning opportunities to meet the varied objectives of university students from the Denver metropolitan area. At the undergraduate level, the College offers a high-quality liberal educational program that also prepares students for subsequent professional and graduate study. At the graduate level, the College offers students disciplinary and broad interdisciplinary master’s degree programs which may serve as a means of beginning study toward doctoral degrees.
Because students are consulted and involved in the design of both undergraduate and graduate programs, the curriculum of the College reflects the concerns of Denver area students. There are many opportunities to study urban problems, confront contemporary issues, participate in off-campus working internships, and in general make use of the resources of the city. To accommodate the many students who are employed full time during the day, about half of all courses offered by the College are scheduled after 5 p.m.
Many students enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to study the liberal arts and participate
in the general education associated with the B.A. or B.F.A. degree as an end in itself. Upon receiving a degree, some students decide to continue study at the graduate level. Others set aside further formal study and initiate careers. Because a liberal education provides a broad foundation in problem-solving skills and substantive knowledge that can be widely applied, graduates of the College have begun careers in a variety of positions in industry, commerce, and government.
Many students also enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences specifically to prepare themselves for admission to one of the professional schools of the University, which include the School of Dentistry, School of Education, School of Journalism, School of Law, School of Medicine, School of Nursing, School of Pharmacy, and Graduate School of Public Affairs. The specific admission requirements for each of these professional schools can be met in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
The faculty of the College provide instruction at the undergraduate level through three academic divisions: Arts and Humanities, Natural and Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. Each division offers a wide variety of curricula including traditional undergraduate major programs, interdisciplinary studies, and preprofessional programs.
The degrees offered by the College at the undergraduate level are the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.). A number of degrees are offered at the graduate level.
MAJOR PROGRAMS
Students can earn the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in the following areas:
Anthropology Biology Chemistry Communication and theatre Economics English Ethnic studies Fine arts (students may study for either a B.A. or B.F.A. degree)
French
Geography
Geology
German
History
Mathematics (students may also choose a special computer science option)
Philosophy
Physics
Political science
Population dynamics
Psychology
Sociology
Spanish
Urban studies
Writing program


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Special options are available for those students who would like to distribute their major program studies among two or more disciplinary majors (distributed studies) or who would like to propose a unique major program tailored to meet a specific objective (individually structured major).
The College also provides the necessary course work to prepare students for careers in elementary or secondary teaching, journalism, and law) as well as the following health science fields: child health associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy, podiatry, and veterinary medicine.
Double Majors
Students may graduate with more than one major (e.g., mathematics and French) by completing all requirements for both majors.
Second Degrees
Students who have been awarded a bachelor’s degree (either from the College or elsewhere) may be granted a second bachelor’s degree provided that (a) all general requirements for the degree have been met; (b) the major for the second bachelor’s degree is different from the major for the first; and (c) at least 30 hours are completed in this College after admission to the second degree program.
Double Degrees
Students may earn two degrees from two different schools or colleges of the University of Colorado simultaneously by fulfilling all requirements for both degrees. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences requires that a student complete at least 90 liberal arts credits and 150 total credits in order to be granted two bachelor’s degrees.
It is recommended that students planning one of these multiple programs consult with the College Advising Office at the earliest possible date.
Note: Graduate degree programs offered by the faculty of the College through the Graduate School are described in the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
UCD/MSC Pooled Courses
Beginning fall semester 1980, courses offered by the School of Liberal Arts and the School of Science and Mathematics at Metropolitan State College and by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Colorado at Denver form a common pool of resources available to students at both institutions. University of Colorado at Denver students may register through UCD for any course in the pool offered by Metropolitan State College, and MSC students may register through MSC for any course in this pool offered by the University of Colorado at Denver. Course titles and grades for these courses will be posted on the transcript of the student’s home institution. Credit earned in these courses will apply to the
total number of credits required for a bachelor’s degree from either institution. Students should check with the appropriate academic adviser and department faculty member to make sure a particular course will count toward the specific requirements for a degree major and/or minor.
In order to fulfill the College’s residency requirements, students must take approximately 25 percent of their course work from University of Colorado faculty. These requirements are described in full under Residency Requirements in this section.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
Entering First-Year Students
Students planning to enter the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences must meet the requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin under Admission Policies and Procedures. Applicants to the College are considered for admission according to the following schedule.1
If: And: Then:
Your Rank in High School Class Is Your ACT Composite Or Your Combined SAT Score Your Status for Admission Is
Upper 1/2 23 or higher 1,000 or higher Assured admission
Upper 2/3 18-23 800 or higher Considered on an individual basis
Lower 1/2 Below 18 Below 800 Considered by Admissions Committee
Transfer Students
Students who have attended another college or university are expected to meet the general requirements for admission of transfer students as described in the General Information section of this bulletin. Applicants who have been away from a college environment for more than three years will be considered on the basis of all factors available: high school record, test scores, original college admission qualifications, college performance, and interim experiences that might suggest potential success in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. A maximum of 72 semester hours taken at a community college may be applied toward a degree in the College.
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Students are referred to the General Information section of this bulletin for a description of academic policies that apply to all undergraduate students at UCD. The policies which follow apply specifically to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
'This schedule corresponds to the general requirements described in the General Information section, but more detail is provided here for prospective College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students.


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Academic Ethics
Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Therefore, the faculty assumes that term papers, reports, studio work, results of laboratory experiments, and examinations submitted by the student represent the student’s own work. Students are referred to the Statement on Academic Honesty of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, available from the Office of the Dean for guidance on generally acceptable limits on cooperation in the preparation of academic work, and for a discussion of what constitutes academic dishonesty.
Academic dishonesty, such as plagiarism or cheating, is a serious charge which, if substantiated, may result in course failure, probation, suspension, or expulsion from the University. The Academic Ethics Committee, composed principally of faculty and students, is charged by the faculty of the College with considering evidence in contested cases, determining guilt or innocence, and assessing penalties. Special rules of the committee, available from the Office of the Dean, have been designed to insure due process.
Academic Advice and Information
Students in the College are expected to assume the responsibility for planning their academic programs in accordance with College rules and policies and major requirements. To assist students, the College maintains an advising staff located in the East Classroom Building, Room 45, telephone 629-2555. Students are urged to consult with the staff of this office concerning individual academic problems and progress toward their degrees.
As soon as the student has determined a major, he or she must declare the major to a department adviser. The department adviser will be responsible not only for the student’s advising but also for the certification of the completion of the major program for graduation.
Students planning to earn a degree from one of the professional schools should see an adviser in that school. Each professional school has certain specific requirements. Preprofessional health science students should see a member of the Health Careers Committee during their first year in the College. Appointments should be made through the sciences secretary in the Science Building, Room 101, 629-2646.
The College has organized a Prelaw Advising Committee for the purpose of advising all UCD students who are interested in careers in law. This committee has a library of law school catalogues, prelaw handbooks, and other relevant documents, advises individual students, interviews students who need to secure a dean’s letter for application to certain law schools, and sponsors meetings at which information of interest to prelaw students is shared. Students may contact the Committee through the Office of the Dean, telephone 629-3396.
UCD also has a counseling servire available through the Office for Student Affairs to which a student may go for assistance with personal problems.
Career counseling is available to all students with majors in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Assistance in skills analysis, resume preparation, and career exploration is available through the Office of the Dean, telephone 629-3396.
Academic Probation and Scholastic Suspension
Good academic standing in the College requires a grade-point average of 2.0 (C) on all University of Colorado course work. Grades earned in another college or school within the University of Colorado are used in determining the student’s scholastic standing and progress toward the degree. However, grades earned at other institutions are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado.
ACADEMIC PROBATION
Students whose cumulative grade-point averages fall below a 2.0 (C) at the end of the fall or spring semester will be placed on academic probation for the following semester. Students will be informed in writing concerning the grade-point requirements which must be met by the end of the succeeding semester. The grade-point requirements are listed in the table below. Students must continue to meet the required grade-point average each semester until their cumulative grade-point average is a 2.0. At that time students will be removed from probation.
SCHOLASTIC SUSPENSION
Students on academic probation who do not meet the required grade-point average in the succeeding semester will be suspended from the College for one year. Scholastic records of students are reviewed as soon as grade reports are available at the end of the fall and spring semesters. Students are informed in writing of scholastic suspension.
Grade-Point Average in the Most
Hours Deficiency Recent Semester
1-10 2.2
11-20 2.3
21-30 2.4
Over 30 2.5
The number of hours deficient is equal to the number of credit hours of B work that the student must earn to raise the cumulative G.P.A. to 2.0 (C). For example, if the student has attempted 24 semester hours and has earned 42 grade points, the
G.P.A. is 1.75. The student needs 6 semester hours of B to raise the G.P.A. to 2.0. To calculate the hours of B that are needed, multiply the total hours attempted by 2 and subtract the number of grade points from this figure. Example: 24 semester hours attempted X2 = 48; 48 - 42 grade points = 6 semester hours of B needed or 6 hours deficiency.
In attempting to raise a grade-point average while suspended, a student may register for courses in the University of Colorado summer term on any campus,


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for correspondence study through the University, or for credit courses offered through the Division of Continuing Education.
FIRST SUSPENSION
The normal period of suspension is two regular semesters (one academic year, excluding summer term), after which the student will automatically be readmitted on probation to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The student then will be expected to meet the sliding scale (based on the student’s University of Colorado record only) until the cumulative
G.P.A. reaches 2.0. Failure to do so will result in a second suspension.
A student under a first suspension may be readmitted before the end of the normal suspension period only if the student has demonstrated academic improvement in one of the following ways:
1. By achieving a cumulative 2.5 average on all summer or correspondence work attempted at the University of Colorado since suspension. (A student must register for a minimum of 6 credits in the summer term on any campus, through correspondence work, or through credit courses in the Division of Continuing Education.)
2. By raising the cumulative grade-point average to
2.0 through correspondence or summer work at the University of Colorado.
3. By raising the cumulative grade-point average to
2.0 at another institution. (The cumulative grade-point average is defined in this instance as the grade-point average at the University of Colorado in combination with course work taken at all other institutions.) Upon return to the University, however, the student retains his or her previous grade-point average. The G.P.A. from other institutions does not transfer back to the University of Colorado.
SECOND SUSPENSION
A student suspended for a second time will be readmitted only under unusual circumstances and only by petition to the Academic Standards Committee of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Each petition will be examined individually. The committee will expect the student to show that chances for successful completion of an educational program in the College have been materially improved by factors such as increased maturity or a relief from stressful circumstances. The deadline for petitions to the Academic Standards Committee for reinstatement for any fall semester is August 1; for reinstatement for any spring semester, the deadline is December 1.
A student who completes 12 or more semester hours at another institution must apply for readmission to the University of Colorado as a transfer student, regardless of his or her status in the University of Colorado. He or she also must present a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average on all collegiate work attempted (at the University of Colorado and elsewhere) in order to be considered for readmission.
Petitioning for Special Requests or Exceptions to Standing Academic Policy
The Academic Standards Committee is responsible for the administration of the academic policies of the College as established by the faculty. This faculty-student committee constitutes the bridge between the faculty in its legislative capacity and the students upon whom the legislation comes to bear. The committee alone is empowered to grant waivers of exemptions from and exceptions to the academic policies of the College. Students wishing to submit a petition to the committee should meet with the advising staff first to discuss the petition.
One of the major responsibilities of the committee is the handling of suspension and reinstatement of suspended students. The normal period of suspension is two regular semesters (one academic year, excluding summer term). However, students suspended a second time will be reinstated only under unusual circumstances and only by petition to the committee.
Course Load
The normal course load is 12 to 18 semester hours each semester. Students registered for fewer than 12 hours are regarded as part-time students. Students wishing to register for 19 hours or more must obtain approval from the dean. Designation as a part-time or full-time student depends only upon courses taken for credit in the University and does not include correspondence courses or noncredit courses. To receive credit, the student must be officially registered for each course.
Students who hold or expect to hold full- or part-time employment while enrolled in the College should register for course loads they can expect to complete without unusual difficulty. Recommended course loads are given below, but each student must weigh his or her own abilities and assess the demands of each course in determining an appropriate schedule. The College assumes that all courses selected will be completed.
Employed 20 hours per week — 10 to 13 semester hours, or three to four courses.
Employed 30 hours per week — 8 to 11 semester hours, or three courses.
Employed 40 hours per week — 6 to 9 semester hours, or two or three courses.
Summer Term: Since the summer term is only 10 weeks long, the recommended course load is less than in the fall and spring.
Employed fewer than 15 hours per week — 9 semester hours, or three courses.
Employed 15 to 30 hours per week — 6-8 semester hours, or two courses.
Employed over 30 hours per week — 3-5 semester hours, or one course.
Courses taken at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, and interinstitutionally with MSC or CCDA, are included in the total load.


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Note: 6 semester hours is considered a full load in the summer term. Maximum course load is 9 semester hours. Students wishing to register for 10 hours or more must obtain approval from the dean.
Earning Academic Credit —
Special Options
Students in the College may earn credit toward a degree for knowledge gained prior to enrollment in the College or for knowledge gained outside of College courses. Some specific programs by which credit is awarded include Credit by Examination, Advanced Placement, and the College-Level Examination Program. These are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. In addition, credit may be earned for Cooperative Education, Army ROTC, and the following activities.
CORRESPONDENCE STUDY
Students in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, with the approval of the dean, may take work in correspondence study offered by the University’s Division of Continuing Education. A maximum of 30 hours of correspondence work may count toward the degree.
CREDIT FOR COURSES IN THE PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AND IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Students may count toward the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees as many as 24 semester hours of course work from curricula leading to degrees other than the B.A. (business, engineering and applied science, environmental design, journalism, music, nursing, and pharmacy). College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students desiring secondary school certification will be allowed to take up to 37 semester hours in the certification program of the School of Education as part of their total required hours for the Bachelor of Arts degree. Students desiring elementary education certification will be allowed up to 44 hours in the certification program. Vocational and technical courses from a two-year program may not be included. Activity courses in physical education, up to a maximum of 8 semester hours, will count toward the 120 hours required for the degree.
CREDIT FOR INDEPENDENT STUDY
Students may register for independent study with the written approval of the appropriate faculty member and divisional dean. The amount of credit to be given for an independent study project (not to exceed 6 credits per semester) shall be arranged at the time of registration. A maximum of 12 credits taken on an independent study basis may apply toward the bachelor’s degree. Independent study credit may not be used to satisfy the College area distribution requirements.
Effective summer 1978, independent study courses are numbered as follows:
910 - 919 Freshman level course 920 - 929 Sophomore level course 930 - 939 Junior level course 940 - 949 Senior level course 950 - Graduate level course 999 - Candidate for degree
COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM (CLEP)
An exciting challenge is available to College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students who want to earn university credit by examination in subject areas in which they have obtained college-level proficiency. Interested students are encouraged to take appropriate subject examinations provided in the College Level Examination Program of the College Entrance Examination Board Testing Service. The College will award credit for the following subjects if a student scores at the 67th percentile:
Arts and Humanities American literature
Analysis and interpretation of literature English literature
Natural and Physical Sciences Biology
General chemistry Geology
Introductory calculus General psychology
Social Sciences
American government American history Introductory economics Western civilization
Students should contact the Office for Student Affairs, Central Classroom Building, Room 107A, 629-2861, to arrange for the examinations.
SUMMARY
Following is a listing of the types of credit and the maximum number of hours that may be earned for nonclassroom work.
Types of Credit
Advanced Placement Credit (AP)
College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) Cooperative education Correspondence study Credit by examination Independent study
Maximum Credit Hours Allowed Toward the B.A. Degree
No limit
30 semester hours 12 semester hours 30 semester hours No limit
12 semester hours
Graduation Requirements
STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES
The student is ultimately responsible for knowing the requirements for his or her degree and for fulfilling


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these requirements. Upon completion of the requirements (including those of a major), the student will be awarded the appropriate degree.
THE LIBERAL EDUCATION PROGRAM
In order to qualify for a B.A. or B.F.A. degree from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, students must complete the liberal education program, which consists of area distribution requirements and a foreign language requirement.
To satisfy the area distribution requirements, students must choose from a list of available courses in each of three areas:
1. Arts and humanities — 12 semester hours.
2. Natural and physical sciences — 12 semester hours.
3. Social sciences — 12 semester hours.
Lists of courses that will satisfy these area requirements are available in the Schedule of Courses published each fall and spring semester and summer term. The Schedule may be obtained in each divisional office and in the Office of the Dean of the College.
To satisfy the foreign language requirement, students must demonstrate proficiency in a foreign language. This requirement may be met prior to admission as a student by completion of a Level HI high school course in any classical or modern foreign language. Students who have not satisfied the requirement upon admission may do so by (a) demonstration of a third-semester proficiency by examination, (b) completion of a third-semester course in the College. Students are strongly urged to begin or continue their college-level language studies immediately upon enrollment in the College. Students who elect to continue a language studied before entering the College will be placed in courses appropriate to their levels of preparation. Students are urged to consult the advising staff of the College or any foreign language faculty member regarding foreign language study and the foreign language requirement.
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS
In addition to completing the above mentioned College requirements, students in the Bachelor of Arts degree program must declare a major. As soon as a major has been determined (no later than the beginning of the junior year), students must declare their intentions to the major departments. Each department stipulates its own requirements for the major. These requirements shall include at least 30 semester hours of work in the major area (as determined by the department) of C grade or higher, at least 16 hours of which shall be at the upper division level. The grade average in the major shall be at least C. Not more than 48 semester hours in one field may be counted in the 120 hours required for the degree. The student is responsible for knowing the requirements for the major. The department adviser shall be responsible for determining when a student has satisfactorily com-
pleted the requirements for the major and for so certifying to the dean of the College.
For requirements of the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree, consult the Fine Arts section in the alphabetical listings under the description of programs.
UPPER DIVISION REQUIREMENT
Students must complete at least 45 semester hours of upper division work (courses numbered 300 or higher) to be eligible for the bachelor’s degree. Any student may register for upper division courses providing he or she has satisfied the prerequisites or has the approval of the discipline in which the course is offered.
Courses transferred from a community college carry lower division credit. Exceptions to this require approval of the dean of the College and the appropriate discipline representative, who may ask the student to validate upper division credit by taking an advanced standing examination.
TOTAL CREDIT-HOUR AND GRADE-POINT REQUIREMENT
To qualify for the Bachelor of Arts degree in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, students must pass at least 120 semester hours with an average of at least 2.0 (C) in all courses attempted at the University of Colorado.
RESIDENCE REQUIREMENTS
Beginning in fall 1981, the College has instituted the following residence requirements:
General Statement. The following general statement of residency applies fully to any student who is admitted to UCD as a first-term freshman and completes all course work on the Auraria campus.
To qualify for award of a baccalaureate degree, a student must earn the last 30 semester hours while enrolled as a degree student in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Further, the student must have completed:
1. Among the last 60 semester hours, at least 30 in courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
2. Of these 30 residence semester hours, at least 21 in courses numbered 300 or above.
3. At least 15 semester hours in fulfillment of the distribution requirements for the B.A. degree in' courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
Special Provisions for Transfer Students. The following special provisions and interpretations apply to students who do not begin as UCD students:
1. For purposes of residence in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences for award of a baccalaureate degree, all students will be regarded as UCD students from the time they first have access to the common pool of courses. Therefore, students who begin at Metropolitan State College (MSC), thereby participating in the common pool of courses, and then later transfer to UCD will be treated for purposes of residency as if they had been UCD students from the


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time they first had access to the common pool of courses. The same general rule will also apply to UCD students who transfer to MSC and then transfer back to UCD.
2. Students transferring from other institutions of higher education, including MSC, will in general be evaluated in accordance with the following graduate table.
Num berof semester hours accepted in transfer work from other institutions Total number of required semester hours at UCD Total number of required upper division semester hours at UCD Total number of required area distribution semester hours at UCD
0 (see standard definition for freshman) (30/60) (21/30) 15
30 (30/60) (21/30) 12
60 30 21 9
90 (or more) 30 15 6
3. Interpretations among values shown in the table above will be made by the Office of Academic Advising in consultation, as appropriate, with the Academic Standards Committee.
4. As with any academic regulation, students with compelling reasons to justify an exception may petition to the Academic Standards Committee.
5. It is not the intent of the new residence requirements to impede the academic progress of any student enrolled in the College before the implementation of these requirements. Accordingly, the Dean’s Office may make exceptions for students enrolled before fall 1981.
6. All courses taken in the common pool in the 1980-81 academic year and summer 1981 were taken prior to implementation of these residence requirements. Therefore, these 1980-81 courses will be treated for purposes of residency as if they were courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
Residence Requirements for Major Programs. Each department within the College may have a residence requirement for its majors. Students should check with their major departments in order to ascertain these requirements.
SENIOR PROGRESS REPORT AND DIPLOMA CARD
Upon completion of 80 semester hours of course work, each student must make an appointment with the College Advising staff to determine the student’s status with respect to degree requirements.
During registration for their last semester, students are required to file Diploma Cards, indicating the date they intend to graduate, and Applications for Degree Candidacy. Failure to file a Diploma Card with the College Advising Office will result in delayed
graduation. Diploma Cards and Applications for Degree Candidacy are available in the College Advising Office.
SUMMARY CHECKLIST OF GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
Liberal Education Program
1. Arts and humanities: 12 semester hours.
2. Natural and physical sciences: 12 semester hours.
3. Social sciences: 12 semester hours.
4. Foreign language: third-semester proficiency in any one language or completion of a Level IH high school foreign language course.
Major Requirements
1. 30 to 48 semester hours in the major field.
2. A minimum of 30 hours of C grade or better in the major field.
3. A 2.0 (C) grade-point average in all major course work.
4. A minimum of 16 semester hours of upper division courses in the major, C grade or higher.
5. Special requirements as stipulated by the major adviser.
General Requirements
1. A total of 120 semester hours passed.
2. A 2.0 (C) cumulative grade-point average on all University of Colorado course work.
3. A minimum of 45 semester hours of upper division course work.
4. The last 30 hours while registered in the College.
Note: Not more than 48 hours in any one field and not more than 24 hours outside the College can be included in the 120 hours required for the degree.
New Graduation Requirements
Beginning spring semester 1982, the College will have new graduation requirements. Students who first enroll in the College in this semester or after will be expected to fulfill these new requirements. Students who have been admitted and taken courses in the College prior to spring 1982 will have a choice of completing their degree programs with either the new requirements, or those stated above. The new requirements are similar to the present requirements in many respects, and the total number of semester credits required is about the same. There will be, however, two important new requirements: (1) a composition requirement, fulfilled by either examination or course work and (2) a computation requirement, fulfilled by either examination or course work.
An information sheet describing the new degree requirements is available in the College Advising Office, East Classroom Building, Room 45, telephone 629-2555.


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SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Honors
FORMER POLICY FOR GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION
A student who performs superlatively in course work in the College will be awarded a bachelor’s degree accompanied by the statement, with distinction. To be eligible for graduation with distinction, a student must have completed at least 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado and have obtained a grade-point average of 3.5 or higher by the end of the semester prior to the final semester’s work toward the degree. The cumulative grade-point average must be based upon all collegiate work attempted, both at the University of Colorado and elsewhere.
NEW POLICY FOR GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION
Effective summer 1978, all graduating seniors must have completed a minimum of 45 semester hours at the University of Colorado (on any CU campus), including the final semester, with a grade-point average of at least 3.75. The 45 semester hours must be completed in the student’s junior and senior years. The student also must meet the College’s residency requirement, i.e., the last 30 hours in the College.
Students who feel they are qualified to graduate with distinction, but who do not meet these standards, may petition to the Academic Standards Committee for a review of their particular cases. Petitions dealing with these standards will rarely be approved, however, and then only with evidence of academic performance equivalent to the standard.
Special Notes
1. Courses that UCD does not offer, but that the faculty encourages students to take at the other Auraria institutions (MSC and/or CCD), may be counted as part of the 45 semester hours.
2. A maximum of 6 semester hours may be completed with a grade of P (on P/F option) and included in the 45 semester hours.
3. All credit courses which are completed through the Division of Continuing Education may be included in the 45 semester hours.
4. In calculating the minimum total of 45 semester hours, part of a semester will not be counted but, instead, all courses in a semester will be included.
The new policy outlined above was approved by the Academic Standards Committee on April 19, 1978. Both the old and the new policies will be administered simultaneously for all students who matriculated prior to summer 1978. For those students who matriculated in summer 1978 or after, only the new policy will be used.
COLLEGE HONORS PROGRAM
Independent of graduation with distinction, which is based on grades alone, the College offers a program
through which students can qualify for the following honors awarded by the College: summa cum laude, magna cum laude, or cum laude. The determination of the level of honors to be awarded is made by the College Honors Council. These awards may be earned either in a specific department (Departmental Honors), or in general studies (General Honors) or in both. In either case, special independent creative work is required to qualify. Any junior or senior student with a cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 (B) or higher may participate in the program.
In order to qualify for the award of College honors in a discipline, a student must (a) complete a research project or honors thesis in the discipline, (b) take the Advanced Graduate Record Examination, and (c) take an oral examination administered by an honors committee.
The College-wide General Honors program is designed to encourage and assist academically strong students to achieve a greater degree of breadth in their educational experiences than they ordinarily might obtain in their college careers. The program is intended for students who like to deal creatively with ideas and who desire to extend education beyond the usual course requirements. Any qualified junior or senior may enroll in honors seminars without becoming a candidate for graduation with honors. Grading in honors courses is based on the designations H (Honors), P (Pass), and F (Fail). All honors courses carry upper division credit. In cross-listed courses, open to honors students upon consent of the instructor, honors students may expect to do additional or independent work as determined in consultation with the professor.
In order to qualify for General Honors, a student must (a) complete at least four honors courses with grades of H, (b) submit an honors paper, and (c) take oral and written honors examinations administered by the College Honors Council.
Detailed information concerning the Honors Program may be obtained from the director of the Honors Program or from the College Advising Office. Students interested in the program ordinarily should begin participation in their junior year.
Cooperative Education
Based on the precept that employment experiences can often contribute to liberal education, the Cooperative Education Program is designed to provide opportunities to supplement academic work with practical experience. Students may be placed as employees with corporations, businesses, and public agencies in ways that complement or enhance their academic course work. Many cooperative education students choose to contract with a professor in their major fields to receive academic credit for their work experiences. An academic cooperative education contract designates a certain number of academic credits for satisfactory performance in a related work experience. The credit is contingent upon satisfactory completion of whatever academic project the faculty member chooses to assign in conjunction with the job.


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The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences participates in this program with cooperative education courses offered at the 398 level in each department. These courses are listed under each department heading in the Course Description section of this bulletin. Students placed by the Cooperative Education Office in paid or volunteer assignments, as well as students who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligible, subject to the guidelines below:
1. The participant in the program will be enrolled in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and generally have attained sophomore standing.
2. The participant must have at least a 2.5 grade-point average.
3. A contract for Cooperative Education credit is required for all projects. It is to be completed by the employer, sponsoring faculty member, and the student before being approved by the divisional dean.
4. Job experience approved for credit will be related to the student’s undergraduate academic curriculum.
5. Credit will be aproved for more than one semester for a job, provided that the learning possibilities and responsibilities of the student allow for additional academic growth.
6. Projects will be granted from 1 to 6 hours of credit per semester. The number of credit hours will be arranged between the student and the sponsoring faculty member with possible consultation with the employer. The number of credit hours must reflect the quality of the academic experience gained from the project, not the hours worked.
7. Twelve hours is the maximum number that a student can earn toward the bachelor’s degree in Cooperative Education. Departments may decide whether or not Cooperative Education hours will count toward requirements for the major. Cooperative Education hours may not count toward the Area Distribution Requirement.
8. The Cooperative Education project may not simultaneously be used for academic credit in other programs such as Independent Study.
Students should contact the Cooperative Education Program office for further information and forms for placement and credit, 1047 9th Street, 629-2892.
Study Abroad
Study Abroad programs are available to University of Colorado at Denver students through the Study Abroad Office at the University of Colorado at Boulder. This office is a branch of the Office of International Education and offers over 20 different study abroad programs around the globe. Some of these programs are of the traditional junior year abroad variety, which places a student directly in a foreign university for an academic year. Such programs are available at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, England; the University of Bordeaux, France; the University of Costa Rica, San Jose; the American University in Cairo, Egypt; the University of Regensburg, Germany; the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel; the University of Bologna, Italy; Konan
University, Japan; the University of Seville, Spain; the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Catholic University of Lima, Peru; and Leningrad State University, U.S.S.R. Engineering and commercial Spanish students may be particularly interested in programs at ITESM in Monterrey, Mexico. Generally students need to have completed a minimum of two years of college work with a B average or better and have studied two years of the appropriate language.
For students unable to spend an academic year abroad, programs for a single semester are available with various emphases, particularly on intensive language learning. Students may study beginning intermediate language in Chambery, France, during the spring semester of each year. In either fall, spring, or summer, students may attend a one-semester language program in Jalapa, Mexico. Students who wish the experience of a foreign institution may attend a single-semester program in San Jose, Costa Rica; Rennes, France; or Seville, Spain. Special summer programs, e.g., art history in Italy, are organized with specific departments upon request.
All participants in University of Colorado study abroad programs remain enrolled at the University. Financial aid from the University can be applied to program costs in most cases, and all credit earned while abroad is considered resident credit.
More information about study abroad programs is available in the Auraria Student Assistance Center or by calling 629-3474.
Study Skills Center
The Study Skills Center is administered by the College on behalf of UCD. The purpose of the center is to help UCD students develop methods of efficient study. Services are available to help specifically with particular subject areas, as well as to strengthen general academic and research skills. The center is located in Room 237, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-2802.
Each semester the center offers three courses for which students may receive 1 semester hour of credit graded on a pass/fail basis: developmental composition, developmental reading, and college preparatory mathematics. Detailed course descriptions may be found in the Course Description section of this bulletin. A maximum of 3 semester hours in study skills courses may be included in the 120 required for the degree.
A noncredit modular course, such as rapid reading, also is offered in which students may accelerate reading speed, learn reading flexibility, and build word-grouping ability and comprehension. Study technique workshops (noncredit) are offered in such topics as knowing one’s way around, organizing one’s time, knowledge of the library, recognizing sentence errors, prereading and translation reading, listening and note-taking, building a vocabulary, writing the four-paragraph essay, taking examinations, and believing in oneself.


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The center has available a collection of books, including a number by minority authors and about minorities, which may be utilized for research assignments as well as for improvement of general knowledge.
Special Services Program
The Special Services Program is a federally funded project designed to assist selected students to be successful in their university lives. The goal of the project is to increase the likelihood for students with special needs to graduate from UCD. This is done by providing academic support services to students during their freshman and sophomore years. Services provided include the following: tutorial assistance, classroom instruction in basic skills, classroom instruction in English as a second language, academic advising, personal counseling, academic skill improvement, diagnostic testing, student advocacy, and disabled student services.
Students must meet specific eligibility criteria in order to receive services as the project is designed to provide intensive help to a specific target population. Students eligible for participation include low income students, culturally diverse students, students with limited English speaking ability who are U.S. citizens or who hold a permanent visa, academically deficient students, and physically disabled students. Any student who feels he or she may be eligible for these services should contact a special services adviser in Room 237, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-8345.
PREPARATION FOR PROFESSIONS
Completion of the undergraduate curriculum of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences can prepare students for a number of careers in the professions. Information on preparation for those professions most frequently asked about by students in the College is presented here. Students seeking information about other professions should contact the College Advising Office.
Law
Students intending to enter a school of law may major in any field while completing their bachelor’s degree programs since law schools do not generally specify a particular undergraduate degree major. Successful prelaw students from the College have had majors in many different fields. However, students preparing for law school should place primary emphasis on learning superior methods of study, critical thinking, and communication skills, which are often considered more important by law schools than factual knowledge alone. College courses should be chosen with care to produce a balanced pattern of skills and insights. Sufficient English should be studied to insure good use of language skills in grammar, spelling, composition, and rhetoric, and also to develop a capacity for analysis and criticism. Because
the natural sciences provide an appreciation for inductive and deductive approaches, evaluation of evidence, and detailed accuracy of observation, some study in this area is desirable. Mathematics is helpful in developing a capacity to think analytically, as are certain courses in philosophy.
The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is required of all applicants for admission to law school and should be taken as early as possible during the senior year. For additional information, students should review the current Prelaw Handbook, published annually in October and prepared by the Law School Admissions Council and the Association of American Law Schools. This book includes material on the law and lawyers, prelaw preparation, applying to law schools, and the study of law, as well as individualized information on most American law schools. It may be ordered from Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.
Any student who aspires to a career in law should contact the College pre-law adviser, telephone 629-3396.
Students interested in applying for admission to the School of Law of the University of Colorado should contact the Admissions Office of the School of Law, Room 118, Fleming Law Building, Boulder, Colorado 80309.
Journalism
Students interested in preparing for a career in journalism may decide to obtain a bachelor’s degree from the College as a general preparation, or they may choose to complete a B.S. degree in journalism. The B.S. degree in journalism is granted from the School of Journalism at the University of Colorado at Boulder. However, the first two years of the journalism curriculum may be completed at UCD within the College. Students pursuing the journalism B.S. degree normally transfer into the School of Journalism at the beginning of the junior year. To be considered for transfer admission, a student must have completed a minimum of 60 semester hours with a grade-point average of at least 2.25. Interested students should consult the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for detailed information concerning requirements for the B.S. degree in journalism.
Information is also available in the College Advising Office, Room 45, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-2555.
Health Careers
Course programs have been developed within the College to prepare students for the following specific careers within the general area of health sciences.
Child health associate Dental hygiene Dentistry
Medical technology
Medicine
Nursing
Optometry Osteopathy Pharmacy Physical therapy Podiatry
Veterinary Medicine


92 / University of Colorado at Denver
Because the prerequisites for these health career programs are continually changing, students interested in pursuing one of these careers should contact the Health Careers secretary, Science Building, Room 101, 629-2646, or the College Advising Office for current requirements and for advising.
Education
Students seeking certification for teaching at the elementary and/or secondary school level must complete a major program in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and approximately 30 to 50 semester hours of professional education work in the School of Education. Students completing all requirements will receive a Bachelor of Arts degree and teacher certification.
Early planning is crucial for students intending to enter the Teacher Education Program. Since the School of Education has initiated a new program at both the elementary and secondary levels, students must consult the School during their first semester on campus concerning new requirements for the Teacher Education Programs, 629-2717.
PRE-EDUCATION PROGRAM
Students pursuing teacher certification should so indicate on all application and registration materials so that they may be advised by the education counselor or faculty members. Application for admission to the Teacher Certification Program should be made during the last semester of the sophomore year. The minimum requirements for acceptance are:
1. Completion of at least 60 semester hours of acceptable college work with a grade-point average of 2.5 for all courses attempted, and 2.5 for all courses attempted at the University of Colorado, and 2.5 in the major teaching field. No student will be recommended for certification to teach in any field in which the grade-point average is less than 2.5.
2. Information on the general education requirements for students planning to student teach at the secondary or elementary school level are available in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Office and the School of Education.
COLLEGE-WIDE INTERDISCIPLINARY ACADEMIC PROGRAMS
Most of the individual departments represented in the College have numerous links with other disciplines, and many faculty members consequently encourage students to take courses in related disciplines. In the natural and physical sciences new subject-matter areas are emerging from blends of traditional disciplines; examples include biochemistry, geophysics, biophysics, and psychobiology. In the social sciences the similarity of method and of subject matter from discipline to discipline tends to promote broad interaction and a sense of common purpose. In the arts and humanities the continual synthesis of useful analytical ideas and concepts gains strength as
it is tested against differing perspectives; comparative literature, mixed media fine arts, and philosophical psychology are examples of this kind of interdisciplinary involvement. Therefore, students will often find opportunities to explore relationships among different disciplines while studying within traditional disciplines. In some instances, such as ethnic studies, much or most of the academic work can be characterized as interdisciplinary even though the area is treated as a traditional discipline. The following programs are explicitly interdisciplinary and college-wide in character.
Distributed Studies
The College’s distributed studies major has been designed for those students who wish to develop consolidated major programs based upon the study of two or three disciplines together rather than to focus their major programs on single disciplines. In pursuing a distributed studies major, a student works closely with a faculty adviser to develop a specific program. One discipline is designated as primary subject, and then one or two other disciplines are designated as secondary subjects. The total program must consist of at least 60 semester hours in at least two disciplines. The disciplines must be disciplines or areas offered within the College, and the program may not include a first-year course in English (101, 102) or foreign language (101, 102). General requirements for the primary subject are (a) a minimum of 30 semester hours with grades of C or better, (b).of which a minimum of 12 semester hours must be in upper division course work with grades of C or better. General requirements for the secondary subject(s) are (a) a minimum of 30 semester hours from among one or two disciplines, and (b) at least 12 semester hours in any one discipline. The specific requirements in any case depend upon the program worked out with a faculty adviser, who may stipulate specific course requirements. Students interested in a distributed studies major program should contact the College Advising Office for additional information, telephone 629-2555.
Ethnic Studies
For a complete description of the Ethnic Studies program, see the Division of Social Sciences section of this bulletin.
Individually Structured Major
Some students wish to study in depth, as a major program, a coherent topic area that crosses traditional disciplinary lines and/or requires significant independent study to complete. These students are encouraged to propose a design for an individually structured major program. To pursue an individually structured major program, a student must work out the details of the proposed program sometime after his or her first year in the College with a committee of three College faculty members. The major becomes the student’s official program upon final approval by the faculty committee. In recent years students in the


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CONTENTS General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Admission Policies and Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Tuition and Fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Financial Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Academic Policie s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Student Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Academic Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Reserve Officer Training Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Administration Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 School of Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 College of Engineering and Applied Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 College of Environmental Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Graduate School . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Division of Arts and Humanities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Division of Natural and Physical Sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Division of Social Sciences... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 College of Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Graduate School of Public Affair s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Course Description s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Faculty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 University of Colorado Bulletin. (USPS 651-060) 262 Stadium Building , Campus Box 384, Boulder, Colorado 80309. Volume LXXXI, No.6, February 20, 1981, General Series No. 2040. Publi shed three time s monthly by the University of Colorado . Second class postage paid at Boulder, Colorado.

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Uniuersilg af Oalarada al Denuer 11DD Faurleenlb Slreel CalleQes and Sahaals Business and Adlllinistratian Graduate Sahaal al Business Ad•inistratian Eduaatian EnQineerinQ and Applied Saienae Enuir•••enlal Desi111 Braduate Sahaal Liberal Arts and Sciences •usia Publia Allairs

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West Colfax Avenue Building Code AurorloBuslness Services AB East Classroom EC Science sc Parking (Old Warehouse) Emmanuel Gallery EG South Classroom so Arts AR Learning Resource Center LR (formerly CCD Administrati on) Book Center BC Ninth Street Pork NP St. Cojetons SA Bromley BR Physical Education PE Student Center ST Central Classroom CN Physical Plant PP Technology TE (formerly MSC Administration) Public Safety Ill Parking PS UCD Administration. UA Child Core Center cc Rectory Office Building RO West Classroom we Child Development CD (formerly Education Bldg)

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Summer 1981 2 June 4, 5 June 8 July 3 August 14 Fall 1981 2 Augus t 24-28 August 31 September 7 November 26, 27 December 16 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1 Registration. First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End of term. Registration. First day of classes . Holiday (no classes). Thanksgiving holidays (no classes). End of semester. Spring 1982 2 January 18-22 January 25 March 22-26 May 14 May 15 Summer 19822 June 3, 4 June 7 July 5 August 13 Registration. First day of classes. Spring vacation (no classes). End of semester. Commencement. Registration. First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End of term. 'The Univet11ity reserves the right to alter the Academic Calendar at any time. ' Consult the Schedule of Courses for application deadline dates, deadlines for changing programs (dropping and adding classes) and procedure for registration .

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BUSINESS EDUCATION ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN HUMANITIES MUSIC NATURAL AND PHYS ICAL SCIENCES PUBLIC AFFAIRS SOCIAL SCIENCES DEGREE PROGRAMS AT A GLANCE 1 Baccalaureate Programs B.S. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance , information systems, inter national business, marketing, minerals land management, organization man agement, personnel-human resources management, production and opera tions management, public agency ad ministration, real estate, small business management, transportation and traffic management rehabilitation services, teacher cer tification program civil engineering, civil engineering and business, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and business, electrical engineering and computer science, electrical engineering and com puter science and business, applied mathematics, applied mathematics and business, mechanical engineering, mechanical engineering and business offered only at Boulder communication and theatre, creative arts, English, fine arts, French, German, philosophy, Spanish, writing program music biology, chemistl'jo, geography, geology, mathematics, physics, population dynamics, psychology anthropology, economics, ethnic studies, history, political science , sociology, urban studies Master' s Programs M . B.A. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, transportation and traffic management M . S. : accounting , fmance, manage ment science, marketing, management and organization administration and superVISIOn, early childhood education, educational psy chology, elementary education , founda tions, guidance and counseling , initial certification program, library media, reading , secondary education applied mathematics, civil engineer ing, electrical engineering, engineering , environmental science, mechanical engineering architecture, architecture in urban design, interior design-interior architecture and space planning-transporta tion design, landscape architecture, planning and community development communication and theatre , English, humanities basic science, biology , chemistry , environmental science, geography, mathematics, psychology criminal justice, public administration , illban affairs (also, doctorate in public administration) anthropology, economics, history, political science, social scie nce , sociology 'Co urse s in man y other undergraduate and g r aduate areas are offe red at UCD , but degree s must be completed at the U n iver s ity o f Col o rado at B"!Jider . UCD also preprofeasi o nal in law, jou rnalism, and the h ea lth ca r eers (ch ild health assocaate , dental hyg1ene, dentistry, medacal technology , medicme, nursmg , optometry , osteo path y, pharmacy, ph ysica l therapy, and veterinary medi c ine ).

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I UNDERGRADUATE AND SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION INFORMATION1.2 Type of Applicant CrHeril lor Admission' Required Crldentlala Wr.n to Apply Notes FRESHMAN IN GENERAL: Complete application Not later than: For specific requirement s refe r to (Students seeking a bachelor's a ) Rank in upper half of high school $1 0 application fee Aug. 1 f o r fall the college sections of this bul degree who have never at graduating class. Official high school transcript show -Dec. 1 for spring letin . For example, Music requires tended a collegiate in-b ) Have 15 units of acceptable high ing rank-in-class. date of graduaMay 1 for summer an audition. stitution) school work. lion. 7th semester grades, 8th Seniors who meet or exceed all c) Test scores: semester courses admission criteria may apply ACT camp: 23 Official ACT or SAT score report. as early as Oct. 1 f o r follow or ing fall. SAT comb: 1000 Note: Business and Engineering applicants are expected t o have higher test scores and class rank . TRANSFER' IN GENERAL: Complete application Not later than: Transf e rs to the School of Educa (Student s seeking a bachelor's Must be in good standing and $1 0 application fee Aug. 1 f o r fall lion consult that section for ad degree who have attended a eligible to return to all i nstitutions Two official transcripts sent fro m Dec. 1 for spring ditional requirements. collegiat e institution other previously anended. each college allended May 1 for summer Liberal arts and music transfers than CU) Applicants must have a minimum with less than 12 sem. hrs. of col2 . 0 GPA on all work anempted. lege work (business and engi Business and Engineering appli neer ing transfers with l ess than cants will be required to have a 2 4 sem. hrs. ) must also submit all higher GPA. freshman credentials. SPECIAL Must be at least 21 years old Complete app lication N o t taler than: Graduate special students see (Students who are not seeking )except in summer). Aug. 1 for fall Graduate School section for ad a degree at this institution) Must be high school graduate. Dec. I for spring dilional information . May 1 for summer Appl ica t ion w i ll als o be accepted at registration if space allows. RETURNING CU STUDENT Must be i n good standing Former s tudent application Same as for special students Students under academic suspen (Returning special students. sian in certain school s or col returning degree students leges at the University of who have not attended Colorado may enroll during the another institution since CU) summ e r terms as a means of improving thei r grade p oint averages. RETURNING CU STUDENT Same as for transfers Ccmplete application Same as for transfer s (Returning degree students who $ 1 0 application fee have attempted 12 or more Two official transcripts from each hours at another i n s t itution college since a llending CU) CHANGE OF STATUS: Same as for transfers Same as for transfers Same as for transfers SPECIAL TO DEGREE Plus CU transcript (Former CU special students who wish to enter a degree program) CHANGE OF STATUS: Must have completed degree. Special student application Same as for special students Only students who have completed DEGREE TO SPECIAL and received degrees are eligible (Former CU degree student s to change to special status. who have graduated and wish to take additional work) INTERCAMPUS TRANSFER Must b e i n good standing Former student applicatio n Trans f e r to Denver : same as Transfers from Denver to a nother (Students who have been e n lor specials campus of CU should refer to ap-rolled on one CU campus propriate bulletin for additional and wish to take courses on requirements . another) Transfer from Denver: refer to appropriate bulletin. INTRA UNIVERSITY Same as for transfers lntrauniversity transfer application Same as l o r transfers TRANSFER CU transcript (Students who wish to change from one CU college to another. e . g .. from the Col lege o f Liberal Arts and Sciences to the College of Business) "''Applications will be accepted only as long as openings remain. 'Requirements for individual school s or colleges may vary. '

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General Information THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER: AN URBAN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS The University of Colorado at Denver (UCD) is an urban, nonresidential campus located in downtown Denver . The campus is easily accessible to commuters from a four-county area and is close to major business and government offices in downtown Denver , as well as to civic and cultural centers. UCD is one of the largest state-supported institutions of higher educa tion in Colorado in terms of enrollment, with an average of 9,100 (approximately 4, 760 FTE-full-time equivalent--students ) enrolled during a semester. The UCD Administration Building is located at 1100 Fourteenth Street. UCD shares library, laboratory, classroom, and recreation facilities with two other metropolitan institutions on a single campus , the Auraria Higher Education Center. Academic Programs UCD is committed to meeting the needs of the met ropolitan Denver community. Academic, public ser vice , and research activities are geared to the needs of the urban population and environment, encompass ing both traditional and nontraditional fields of study. Students enrolled at UCD can earn un dergradua te degrees in 35 fields and graduate degrees in nearly 50 field s . The colleges and schools at UCD are : College of Busines s and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration School of Education College of Engineering and Applied Science.. College of Environmental Design College of Liberal Arts and Sciences College of Music Graduate School Graduate School of Public Mfairs The undergraduate colleges admit freshmen and offer programs leading to the baccalaureate degree in the arts, sciences, humanities , business , engineering, and music. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences also provides preprofes si onal training in the fields of education , law, journalism, and the health sciences. The School of Education offers programs leading to teacher certification to students with two years of col lege work. The Graduate School offers master's programs in the arts, sciences, humanities, engineer ing , business, education, and music to students with baccalaureate degrees . The College of Environmental Design, the Graduate School of Business Administra tion, and the Graduate School of Public Mfairs provide programs leading to the master's degree in their specialized areas. The Graduate School of Public Affairs also offers a doctorate in public ad ministration. Students Highly motivated people from all walks of life make up UCD's student body. The diversity of backgrounds, interests, occupations , and ages stimulates a unique learning experience for the men and women enrolled at UCD. Students range in age from 16 to 70. Approximately 84% of the students hold full-time or part-time jobs and 38 % are enrolled at the graduate level. In orde r to give students maximum flexibility in planning both educational and employment goals, more than half of the courses are offered during the evening hours. Students may begin studies in most areas at the beginning of the fall or spring semester, or the summer term. Faculty and Accreditation More than 240 highly qualified faculty members teach full time at UCD; most have doctoral degrees. The faculty is alert to the challenges of the urban en vironment and responsive to t he needs of the commuter student. UCD is accredited by or holds membership in the following organizations: ACCREDITATION North Central Association of Colleges and Second ary Schools National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education National Architectural Accrediting Board Accreditation Board for Engineering and Tech nology National Association of Schools of Music MEMBERSHIP Association of Ur ban Universities Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Busi ness Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning Council of University Institutes for Urban Mfairs National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration

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2 I University of Colorado at Denver University of Colorado System UCD is one of four campuses of the Universit y of Colorado. The University was founded in Boulder in 1876, and the University of Colorado at Boulder now serves over 20,000 students enrolled in undergraduate , graduate, and professional programs. The Health Sciences Center in Denver provides education and training to medical, dental , nursing, and allied health personnel. The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs serves over 4,500 students in the Pikes Peak region , offering undergraduate , graduate , and profes sional programs. UCD's special role within the University system is to provide urban-oriented educational programs for students in the Denver metropolitan area. Students have access to the library resources of all campuses and cultural events sponsored within t he University system. The official transcript of any student who first en rolled in the spring semester 1978 or afterwards and who graduates from an undergraduate program operated solely by UCD will indicate that the de gree was conferred at Denver. At present the only un dergraduate program operated solely by UCD is the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Aurarla Higher Education Center The Auraria Higher Education Center is the site for the University of Colorado at Denver, Metropolitan State College, and the Auraria campus of the Com munity College of Denver. The three institutions share library, classroom , and related facilities on the Auraria campus, a 168-acre site in downtown Den ver . Certain courses and programs are cooperatively of fered. The Auraria campus includes administrative and classroom buildings , the Learning Resources Center, the student center , book center, child care and de velopment centers , the physical education building, science building , and service buildings. The new buildings share the campus with reminders of Denver 's past-historic Ninth Street Park, churches , and the Tivoli brewery built in 1882. Aurarla Libraries: Resources and Services Auraria Libraries has more than 628,000 volumes of books, microforms, and bound journals, and over 1, 700 current periodical and newspaper subscriptions. Housed in the Learning Resources Center , the main library offers seating for about 2,000 people and over 130,000 useable square feet. Services offered by the libraries include fully automated circulation of materials and computerized bibliographic searches. To aquaint new students with library resources and services, Auraria Libraries provides group and individual orientation sessions. Auraria Libraries resources include books, reserve and reference materials, microforms, journals, records, slides, tapes, and other media in various for mats. Microform equipment and listening/viewing facilities are provided . Students and faculty may use librar y rooms for individual study, group conferences, and typing. Strong subject collections at Auraria Librarie s are in the fields of public administration , urban studies, and criminal justice. The main library ' s collection is supplemented by the Environmental Design Branch Library and the Vocational Technical (Yo-Tech) Branch Library . As a member of the Colorado Al liance of Research Libraries, Auraria Libraries has ac cess to an additional 6,000,000 volumes. Equal Opportunity The University of Colorado at Denver follows a pol icy of equal opportunity in education and in employ ment. In pursuance of this policy, no UCD department, unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed , color, age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees. The institution 's educational programs, activities, and services offered to students and/or employees are administered on a nondscriminatory basis subject to the provisions of Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. A UCD Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Acti on Pro gram has been established to implement this policy. For information about these provisions on equity, dis crimination, or fairness, consult the Affirmative Ac tion Director or the Section 504 Coordinator at UCD. I. ADMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES All questions and correspondence regarding admis sion to UCD and requests for application forms shou ld be directed to: Office of Admissions and Records University of Colorado at Denver 1100 Fourteenth Street Denver , Colorado 80202 (303) 629-2660 General Policies UCD seeks to identify applicants who are likely to complete an academic program successfully. Admis sion decisions are based on many factors , the most im portant being: 1. Level of previous academic performance . 2. Evidence of scholarly ability and accomplish ment, as indicated by scores on national aptitude tests.

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3 . Maturity, motivation, and potentia l for aca demic growth. UCD reserves the right to deny admission to new appl icants or readmission to former stude n ts whose total credentials indicate an inability to assume those ob l igations of performance and behavior deemed es sential by the University in order to carry out its law ful missions, processes , and functions as an educa tional institution. Admission of Undergraduate Degree Students APP LICATI O N DEA DLINE S Und e r g raduat e Fall Sprin g S tudents 1981 1982 New Students Aug . 1 Dec.1 Trans fer Studen ts Aug . 1 Dec . 1 International Students June 1 Oct. 1 Former University of Colorad o Students Aug.1 De c.1 Intrauniver s i ty Summe r 1982 Ma y 1 May 1 Mar. 1 Ma y 1 Transfer Students 60 days prior to the beginning of the term The Univ e r s ity reserve s the right to chan g e application deadline s in accord a n c e wit h enrollmen t demands, and applicants should appl y a s earl y a s pos s ible . Updated information is available from the Of fice of Admissi o ns and Records , (303) 629-2660 . All documents re qui red for admission must be received by the Office of Admission s and Records by the deadline for an applican t t o be considered for the term desired. Applicants who are unab l e to meet the deadline may elect to have admi ssio n con s ideration made for a later term . Transfe r stud e n ts are reminded that sufficien t time sho uld be al lowed to hav e transcripts sent from in stitutions attended previou s l y, and foreign students are advised that it usually take s 120 day s for credential s to reach the Office of Admis s ion s and Record s from international locations. ADMISSI O N REQUIREMEN T S FOR F R E S H ME N New freshmen may apply for admission to the Col leges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. I . G e n e ral Requirements. The applicant must be a high school graduate or have been awarded a High School Equivalency Certificate by completing the General Education Development (GED) Test. Appli ca n ts with a High School Equivalency Certificate must have an average standard score of 45 with no one score below 36 on each section of the GED test to be co n sidered for admission. Applicants who have com pleted the Spanish Language General Educational Development Test must also submit scores from Test VI, "English as a Second Language." Applicants should have completed 15 units of ac ceptable secondary school (grades 9-12) credit. A uni t of credit is one year of high school course work . While the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences does not specify particular units, the other undergraduate col l eges have the following requirements: General Information I 3 College o f Business and Admi ni s tra tio n English ............... . . . . ........ . . . . . . .... ........ ..... 3 Mat hematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Natural s cien ces (lab orato r y type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 S o cial sc iences (includ i ng hi s tory ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Elective s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 ( Such a s foreign languages and add i tional academic c o urse s. May include up to 2 un its in bu s ines s area s . ) T o tal 15 C ollege o f Eng in ee rin g and Applied S cie nc e ' English (literature , composition, grammar) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mat hematic s distributed as follows : Algebra.... . ..................... .... . . . . .............. 2 Geo me try. . ......... . . . ....................... . . . . .... . 1 Additional mathemat i c s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Natural s ciences ( ph ys ic s and chemis t ry rec o mmended ) . . . . . 2 Social s tudies and humani t ies (Foreign languages and additional units of English, history , and literature are inc luded) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective s ............ ...... .... ..... . . . .... . .... ....... . . _1 Total 16 C o llege o f Mus i c Engli s h . . ............... ............... . ..... . ........... 3 Theoretical music ......... . . . . ....... . ...... . . . . . . . . Phys i c al sc ience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . } So c ial s cience ...... .... . . . ..... . ................... . F o reign language ........... . ..... . ...... ...... .... . . Mathematic s . ..... . .... ......... . . ..... . . . ....... . . . 8 Additional high school academic units ............... ...... _..1 Total 15 I t is expected that all s tudents will have had previous experience in an applied musi c area . Two years o f pian o training are recom mended . The College o f Music require s an audition of all entering freshmen and undergraduate transfer s tudents. In lieu of the per sonal audi t ion , applican ts may subs titute tape recording s (about 10 minu tes in length c,>n 7 'h ip s monaural ) or a statement of excellence b y a qualified teacher . Interested students s hould write to the Col lege o f Mu si c , UCD , for audi t ion o r in t erview applica t i o ns . 2 . All Applicants. All applicants who meet t h e above requirements are classified in two ways for a d mission purposes: a. Preferred consideration is given to Liberal Arts and Sciences and Music applicants who rank in the upper half of their high school gra d uating class and have a composite score of 23 or hig he r on the American College Test (ACT) or a com bined score of 1000 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Engineering applicants are expected to have a strong mathematics and science background, somewhat higher sco res on the mathematics portion of the ACT or SAT and higher class rank . Business students are pected to have a strong mathematics background , higher class rank and higher test scores. Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition. b. Applicants for any of the above four colleges w h o rank in the lower half of their high school graduating class , and/or have combined SAT scores below 1000 or a composite ACT score ' See t h e College o f E ngin ee r ing and Appl ie d Scie n ce secti o n of t h i s bulleti n for more s pecifi c informati o n .

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4 I University of Colorado at Denver below 23, and/or do not have 15 units of acceptable high school credit are considered on an in dividual basis. How to Apply 1. Students should obtain an Application for Undergraduate Admission from their Colorado high school counselor or the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. 2. The application must be completed in full and sent to the Office of Admissions and Records. A $10 nonrefundable application fee must accompany the applica tion. An applicant who is granted admission b':lt who is unable to enroll for the term applied for: wtll have the $10 fee valid for 12 months, provided the applicant informs Admissions and Records that he or she intends to enroll for a later term. 3. Students are required to have their high school send an official transcript of their high school grades, includmg class rank, to the Office of Admissions and Records. 4. Students also are required to take either the American College Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and request that test scores be sent to UCD (ACT code 0533 or SAT code R-4875). High school students may obtain information from their counselors regarding when and where tests are given. Applicants who took one of these tests earlier and did not designate UCD to receive scores must request the testirlg agency to send scores to UCD. This is done by completing a Request for Additional Score Report available at test centers or from the offices listed below. Registration Department American College Testing Program (ACT) P.O. Box 414 Iowa City, Iowa 52240 College Entrance Examirlation Board (SAT) P.O. Box 592 Princeton , New Jersey 08540 College Entrance Examination Board (SAT) P.O. Box 1025 Berkeley, California 94704 5. Students who did not graduate from high school are required to send a copy of their GED test scores and GED certificate to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. All credentials presented for admission become the propert y of the University of Colorado and must remain on file. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS Transfer students may apply for admission to the Colleges of Busirless and Admmistration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. Students irlterested in the field of education should contact the School of Education office for in formation (629-2717). Transfer students are given priority consideration for admission as follows: 1. of Liberal Arts and Sciences and College of MusLc . Both Colorado residents and nonresidents1 m':lst have at least a 2.0 cumulative college gradepomt average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all irlstitutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be in calcu lating the cumulative average. Music apphcants must also successfully pass a music audi tion. Contact the College of Music for audition infor mation. 2. College of Business and Administration and Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science. Colorado residents1 must have at least a 2.5 and nonresidents1 must have at least a 2.75 cumulative college grade point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average. In addition to the above academi c requirements, preferred consideration is given to transfer applicants who have completed more than 12 semester credit hours (18 quarter hours) at an institution of university rank or to transfer applicants who have completed at least 45 semester credit hours (68 quarter hour s) at a two-year college or a four-year state college. Important Note: Applicants who do not meet the above grade-point average or credit hour requirements will still be considered for admission, but on an individual basis. The primary factors used when cons idering stu dents individually are (1) the academic program to which admission is desired; (2) the quality of prior academic work; (3) age, maturity, and noncollegiate achievements ; and (4) time elapsed since last atten dance at previous colleges. How to Apply 1. The student should obtam a transfer application from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. 2. The application form must be com pleted and returned to the Office of Admissions and Records with the $10 nonrefundable application fee. 3. The student is required to have two official transcripts sent to the Office of Admissions and Records from each collegiate institution attended. If a student is currently enrolled, a transcript listing all courses except those taken in the final term should be sent. Another transcript must be submitted after completion of the final term. (Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented m the original language and accompanied by a certified literal English translation . ) 4. Applicants with less than 12 semeste r hours (18 quarter hours) of college work completed must also submit a high school transcript and ACT or SAT test scores (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hour s for business or engineerirlg transfers) . 'See Res idency Cla ssific ati o n for Tuiti o n Purposes for a d e finiti o n o f re s iden t and n o nre s i dent .

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5. Applicants to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences should be aware that they may be able to receive credit for foreign language taken during the high school years provided they furnish an official high school transcript to the dean's office. Further in formation may be obtained from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. All credentials presente d f o r admissi o n b ecome the property of t h e University of Colorado and must re ma i n on file. Transfer of College-Level Credit The Office of Admis s ions and Records and the ap propriate academic unit will determine which courses taken a t another institution can be applied to a degree program at UCD aft e r all official transcripts have been received and the appli cant has been admitted a s a degree student. In general , transfer credit will be ac cepted insofar as it meets the degree, grade, and residence requirements a t UCD. College-level credit may be transferred to t he University if it was earned at a college or university of recognized standing, b y advanced placement ex aminations , or in military service or schooling as recommended by the Commission on Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education; if a grade of Cor higher was attained; and if the credit is for courses appropriate to the degree sought at this institution. The Universit y ma y accept up to 72 semester credits (108 quarter credits) of work from a two-year institution toward the baccalaureate degree requirements and may accept up to 102 semester credits (168 quarter hours) from a four-year college or univer sity. No credit is allowed for vocational/technical, remedial , or religious/doctrinal work . A maximum of 60 semester credits of extension and correspondence work (not t o include more than 30 semester credits of correspondence) may be allowed if the above condi tio ns are met. The College of Busi ness and Administration generally limits transfer credit for business courses taken at the lower division level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado unless written approval is obtained from the division head. A maximum of 60 semester hours (90 quarter hours) of junior college work and 9 semester hours of business courses taken through cor respondence study may be applied toward bac calaureate degree requirements. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their accep tability, and required business courses and those in the area of emphasis may not be taken through cor respondence. Readmission Requirements for Former Students 1 . Students Who Have Not Attended Another In stitution . Former students of the University of Colorado who have not attended another collegiate in stitution since their last enrollment at the University General Information /5 must submit a Former Student Application (available from the Office of Admi ssio ns and Records), by the deadline for the term desired. No application fee and no supplementary credentials are required. 2. Students Who Have Attended Another Institu tion. Former students of the University of Colorado who have attended another collegiate institution since their last enrollment at the University must submit a Former Student Application and two official transcripts from any institutions attended in t he in terim . Applicants who have completed 12 semester hours or 18 quarter hours at another institution since last attending the University also must submit a $10 nonrefundable evalua tion fee. International Students Undergraduate. International students who desire to attend the University of Colorado at Denver must present one full year or more of academic study (24 semester hour s or 36 quarter hours) from another ac credited American collegiate institution or a TOEFL score of 525 before they may be considered for admis sion. Transfer students must have a minimum of a 2.75 grade-point average (on a 4 . 0 scale) on all work attempted and submit proof of English proficiency. An application form may be obtained from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. Application and supporting credentials are to be presented to the admissions office prior to published deadline dates for t he term in which the student is ap plying . Transcripts from foreign institutions m ust be presented in the original language, accompanied by a certified literal English translation . Graduate. International students who desire graduate study at UCD must possess the equivalent of an American baccalaureate (un der graduate) de gree and fulfill other requirements as designated by the graduate program to which they are applying . Applications can be obtained from t he indivudal graduate schools. Application and credentials should be presented to the individual graduate school 6 months prior to the term for which the student is ap plying. UCD lntraunlverslty Tran.sfer or Change of Campus UCD students may change academic program s within UCD provided they are accepted by the college or school to which they wish to transfer . UCD Intra university Transfer Forms may be obtained from the Office of Admi ssions and Records. Students s hould observe application deadline s indic ated in the current Schedule of Courses. Decision s on in trauniversity transfers are made by t he acade mic uni t to which the student wishes to transfer. UCD students may change campuses by applying directly to the Admission s Office of the University of Colorado campus to which the y wish to transfer. Change of Campus applications and deadline infor mation also must be obtained from the campu s to which the student is applying .

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6 I University of Colorado at Denver High School Concurrent Enrollment High school juniors and seniors with proven academic abilities may be admitted to UCD with special approval. Credit for courses taken may subse quently be applied toward a University degree program. For more information and application in structions, contact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records . Admission of Graduate Degree Students All correspondence and questions regarding admis sion to the graduate programs at UCD should be directed to the following: Programs in Business Office of Graduate Studies Graduate School of Business Administration 629-2605 Programs in Environmental Design College of Environmental Design 629-2877 Programs in Public Affairs Graduate School of Public Mfairs 629-2825 All Other Programs Graduate School 629-2663 GRADUATE PROGRAMS As a principal part of its mtsston, UCD offers graduateand professional-level programs for the con venience of Denver residents. During the 1979-80 academic year, approximately 39 percent of the stu dent body was enrolled at the graduate level. Graduate degree programs are offered through the Graduate School by its member schools and colleges, and outside the Graduate School by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the College of En vironmental Design, and the Graduate School of Public Mfairs. The particular admission and gradua tion requirements established by each of these academic units are detailed in the following sections of this bulletin. Students holding baccalaureate degrees but who are not accepted to specific degree programs may enroll for graduate course work as graduate special students. Several types of stu dents make use of the special student category. Among these are students who have attained whatever degree or credential status they feel is desirable, but who wish to take ad ditional course work for professional or personal improvement; students who, for whatever reason (weak undergraduate background, change of dis cipline, or length of time since previous formal course work), feel the need to make up deficiencies before entering a degree program; and students who have not decided about entering a specific degree program. Such students should be aware that, generally , only limited course credits taken as a special student may be applied toward a degree program. Also, a 2.0 minimum grade-point average must be maintained to permit continuing registration as a graduate special student. Students interested in applying as graduate special students should contact the Office of Admis sions and Records for applications. GRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION DEADLINES Admission requirements and application deadlines vary according to the individual graduate program. The Graduate School has general admission require ments which are supplemented by specific require ments of the major departments of graduate study (e.g., electrical engineering, education, English, etc.). Applicants in the fields of education , engineering, and the arts, sciences, and humanities shoul d consult the general information section of the Graduate School portion of this bulletin as well as the following sec tions dealing with requirements and deadlines for specific programs. Applicants in the fields of business administration , public affairs, and environmental design should refer to the sections of this bulletin on the Graduate School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Public Mfairs , and the College of Environmental Design. Admission of Nondegree Special Students All correspondence and questions regarding admis sion as a special student should be directed to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. Persons desiring admission as special students for the purpose of teacher certific ation should contact the School of Education, 629-2717. SPECIAL STUDENT APPLICATION DEADLINES Special Students Fall1981 Those who want to take undergraduate Aug. l or graduate courses Those who want to change from special Aug. 1 to degree status Those who want teacher certification Feb . l REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION Spring 1982 Summer 1982 Dec . l Mayl Dec . l Mayl N.A. Feb. 1 Persons who want to take University courses but do not plan to work toward a University of Colorado degree are admitted as special students. Except dur ing the summer term, special students must be at least 21 years of age. Courses taken as a special stu den t are fully credited and can be used for transfer to other institutions or for professional improvement. Persons who do not have an undergraduate degree are encouraged to apply to an undergraduate degree program rather than apply as special students. UCD will enroll persons without an undergraduate degree as special students for 12 se mester hours, after which the student must apply to a regular degree program. Persons with a baccalaureate degree who seek teacher

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certification or renewal of certification may be admit ted as special students if they meet the requirements of the School of Education. Special students must maintain a grade-point average of 2 . 0 at UCD. HOW TO APPLY FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION To apply for admission as a special student, obtain a Special Student Application Form from the Office of Admission s and Records. Return the completed ap plication by the deadline for the term desired. There is no application fee, and no additional credentials are required . Applicants who seek teacher certification or renewal of teacher certification must apply separately to the School of Education and submit the required credentials . Special students are advised that registration for courses is on a space available basis. CHANGING STATUS FROM SPECIAL TO DEGREE STUDENT Special students may apply for admission to an un dergraduate degree program by completing the Special to Degree Application available from the Of fice of Admissions and Records. Academic credentials (i.e ., transcripts and/or test scores) and a $10 nonre fundable application fee also must be submitted. Special students who are accepted as undergraduate degree students may generally transfer a maximum of 12 semester credits for courses taken as a special stu dent to an undergraduate degree program, with ap proval of the dean. (Students enrolled as special stu dents prior to the fall semester of 1970 are subject to the policies in effect between January of 1969 and August of 1970.) Special students may apply for admission to a graduate degree program by completing the applica tion required by the particular program . The graduate dean, upon recommendation by the department, may accept up to 8 semester hours of credit toward the re quirements for a master's degree for courses taken as a special student at the University or at another recogni zed graduate school, or some combination thereof. The department may recommend acceptance of additional credit for courses taken as a special stu dent during the semester the student has applied for admission to the desired degree program. Official Notification of Admission Official notification of admission to UCD as an un dergraduate, graduate, or special student is provided by the Office of Admissions and Records on a State ment of Admission Eligibility Form. Letters from the various schools and colleges indicating acceptance into a particular program are subject to official admis sion to t he institution. Applicants who do not receive official notification of admission within a reasonable period of time after submitting application materials should contact the Office of Admissions and Record s, (303) 629-2660. General Information I 7 II. TUITION AND FEES Tuition and Fees All tuition and fee charges are established by the Board of Regents, the governing body of the Univer sity of Colorado, in accordance with legislation enacted annually (usually in the spring) by the Colorado General Assembly. The Regents reserve the right to change tuition and fee rates at any time. A tuition schedule is published prior to registration for each term, and students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for further information on t he tuition and fee charges for a particular term. The rates below are for the 1980-81 academic year and are provided to assist prospective students in anticipating cost. TUITION RATES PER SEMESTER FOR 1980-81 Credit Hours Undergraduate Students of Non Graduate Students Non Enrollment Resident resident R esident resident 0 $ 23 $ 77 $ 24 $ 80 2 46 154 48 160 3 69 231 72 240 4 92 308 96 320 5 115 385 120 400 6 138 516 144 540 7 161 1 ,284 168 1 , 348 8 184 1 ,284 192 1 , 348 9 207 1,284 216 1,348 10-18 292 1 ,284 307 1,348 Each credit hour over 18 20 86 21 90 OTHER FEES .• 1. Student activity fee (mandatory for all stu dents): Fall semester 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . $17' Spring semester 1981 ....... . $17' 2. Matriculation fee (mandatory for all new stu dents) : Degree stude nts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $15 Special students ............. $ 5 This is a one-time nonrefundable fee charged at the time of initial registration. No further charges will be made for adding or dropping courses or for ordering transcripts. A special student who becomes a degree student will be charged $10 at the initial registration as a degree student. 3. Health insurance fee (automatic for all students unless waived): Fall or spring semester . . . $51.46' Summer term . . . . . . . . . . . . $34.59' If the student does not want health insurance coverage, it is the student's responsibility to check the appropriate box on the Tuition Assessment/Payment cards and sign the card during mail/walk-in registra tion . The insurance program primarily subsidizes ma jor medical expenses according to the schedule of •Includes bond retirement fee. ' Subject to change .

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8 I University of Colorado at Denver benefits stated in the insurance brochure , which may be obtained from the O ffice for Student Affairs. Dependent coverage (spouse and/or children) also is available at an additional charge . Further informa tion on health insurance is available from the Office for Student Affairs, 629-2861. 4. Doctoral dissertation fee (mandatory for all stu dents certified by the Graduate School for enrollment for doctoral dissertation) : students should contact the Graduate School for guidelines affecting charges for enrollmPnt. 5. Comprehensive examination fee: Any student in the Graduate School or Graduate School of Public Af fairs must be enrolled during the term in which the Comprehensive Examination for an M.A. degree is completed. Students who are not taking regular courses during that term must enroll as "Candidate for Degree. " Thition for "Candidate for Degree" enrollment is minimum graduate resident tuition. 6. Laboratory breakage fee (mandatory for stu dents enrolled in a chemistry laboratory course): Breakage deposit ............ . $10 This fee will be refunded at the end of the term if appropriate . 7. Music laboratory fee (man dator y for College of Music students and others enrolled in certain music courses): Music fee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $24 College of Music students and others enrolled in piano, sound recording and reinforcement, and electronic music must pay this fee. No student is charged more than one $24 fee. PAYMENT OF TUITION AND FEES All tuition and fees are assessed and payable when the student registers for the term , according to guidelines in the current Schedule of Courses. Arrangements may be made through the Finance Office at the time of registration to defer payment of part of the charges. Specific information on deferred pay ment is included in the Schedule of Courses published before each semester or summer term. Students who register for courses are liable for payment of tuition and fees even though they may drop out of school. Refund policies for students who withdraw from the University are included in the Schedule of Courses . A student with financial obliga tions to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be lis ted among those receiving a degree or special certificate. The only excepti on to this regulation in volves students with loans and other types of in debtedness which are payable after graduation . Personal checks are accepted for an y University obligation. Any student who pays with a check which is not acceptable to the bank may be imme dia tely dropped from the rolls of the University . Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes General Pol icies. A student is initially cla ssified as a resident or nonresident student for tuitio n purposes at the time of application to the University. The clas sification is based on information furnished by the student and other relevant sources. To be eligible for in-state tuition ( residen t) status the follow ing require ments (as defined in the Colorado Revised Statutes, Chapter 124, Article 18) must be met by students who are 21 years of age or older (or emancipated minors as defined by law): (1) the student must have been domiciled in Colorado for 12 consecutive months preceding the first day of classes for the term in which in-state status is desired; (2) the studen t must demonstrate significant intent to make Colorado a fixed and permanent residence. Intent is dem onstrated by compliance with other mandatory laws of the state for 12 consecutive months (i.e. , valid driver's license, valid motor vehicle registration, payment of state income tax, voter registration, etc.). An un emancipated minor assumes the domicile of hi s or her parents. Once the student's status is e stablished, it remains unchanged unless satisfactory inform ation to the con trary is presented. A student who, due to subsequent events, becomes eligible for a change in classification from resident to nonresident or vice versa must inform the Office of Admission s and Record s within 15 days after such a change occurs . An adul t student or eman cipated minor who moves outside of Colorad o must send written notifica tion to the Offi ce of Admi ssions and Records within 15 days of the change. Petitionin g for a Change in Residency Classifi cation. Any student who is 22 years of age or older, or an emancipated minor as defined by law, may change his or her residence and tuition classification status. Detailed information on the procedures which must be followed , including necessary petition forms, is available from the Office of Admi ssions and Records. Petitions will not be considered until an application for admission and supporting credentials have been received by the University. Changes in classification are effective at the time of the student's next registra tion. A student who willfully gives wrong information in order to avoid paying out-of-state tuition is subject to legal and disciplinar y action. Ill FINANCIAL AID AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER The financial aid program at the University is designed to assist those students who would be unable to attend the University without aid. While the primary responsibility for meeting the costs of educa tion rests with individual students and their families, financial aid funds are offered to supplement whatever funds students and their families can provide. Since requests generally exceed the availability of funds, students and the ir families s hould be aware of procedures and deadlines in order

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to receive maximum consideration. Questions andrequests for forms should be directed to the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment at UCD, Central Classroom Building , Room 105, 629-2886. Estimated Expenses Educational expenses at UCD include tuition, fees, and the cost of books and related instructional materials. Students who do not live with their parents must also include the cost of housing and food ex penses. All students should consider transportation and personal expenditures (i.e., clothing, entertain ment, etc . ) in determining their expenses. The Office of Financial Aid establishes standard budgets for dif ferent types of students (dependent students living at home with parents, single students living away from home, married students, etc .) to bring about con sistency and equity in determining the fmancial needs of all students. The standard budgets are established in line with parameters set by the Colorado Commis sion on Higher Education and the Department of Education. For the 1980-81 academic year, the standard budgets allowed $168 per month living allowance for dependent students living at home, $378 per month for single students not living at home, and $531 per month for married students. An allowance of $111 per month was added per dependent child in the student's home . The living allowance included amounts for rent, food, utilities, personal expenses, and transpor tation. The cost of tuition, fees, and medical in surance for the 1980-81 academic year was $726 for a resident student and $2,710 for a nonresident student. Graduate students were assessed $526 as residents and $2,838 as nonresidents. Books and supplies were estimated at $175 for the 1980-81 academic year. All expenses will increase slightly for the 1981-82 academic year. The state of Colorado and the Board of Regents usually set tuition guidelines and rates dur ing the month of May for the summer and academic year. The standards for living allowances are usually set during the spring semester for the following sum mer and academic year. Students who have additional costs above the standard allowances can request a review of their situation by the Financial Aid Committee. The committee must receive documentation of extra expenses and can consider an individual exception to the standard allowances. Examples of these kinds of exceptions are babysitting expenses, medical costs, dental and op tical expenses. Determination of Financial Need and Award Financial need is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance as defined by the institution (tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board, transportation and essential incidental expenses) and total resources available to the student. These resources include a family contribution (summer sav ings, term earnings, a spouse contribution , and a General Information I 9 parental contribution) and awards from agencies out side the University. Financial need is determined by a national uniform needs analysis system administered by agencies such as the American College Testing Program. This system analyzes income and assets, family size, number of children in post-secondary education , student independence, etc., to determine a reasonable student and/or family contribution. After the financial need is determined, students are ranked in order of financial need and are aided accor dingly until all funds are committed . The financial aid package normally consists of a self help component (loans and/or employment) and a gift aid component (grants and scholarships) proportionate to the available funds and to the number of needy students applying. A small portion of Colorado work study funds is available to interested students who do not document financial need. How to Apply Application forms may be obtained by contacting the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment. Students are asked to complete an institutional ap plication and a needs analysis form. Students will be contacted if additional information is necessary to complete the application. Parents are expected to contribute toward a student's educational costs. However, in certain cases students may be considered financially independent of their parents. To be eligible for financial aid as a self-supporting student, a student (1) cannot be claime d as a tax exemption, (2) cannot receive $1,000 or more, or (3) live at home for more than six con secutive weeks for the year aid is received and for the entire preceding calendar year. For example, for a stu dent to receive aid as a self-supporting student during the 1981-82 academic year, the above three criteria must be met for 1980 and 1981. Note: Requirements for receiving aid as a self supporting student are subject to change b y the federal and state governments. Self-supporting students must document their status by providing income tax forms or other sup porting documents to show sufficient income to be self-s upporting during the appropriate period of time. In some cases, additional documentation from parents is required to complete a student's applica tion. The information provided on the application for financial aid is analyzed according to the uniform needs analysis formula to determine the student's ability to contribute to his or her educational costs during the academic year. To be eligible for financial aid , students must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents or have a refugee visa. Eligible foreign students are advised to include a photocopy of their visa cards with their applications to facilitate processing. Available Funds Undergraduate Students. Undergraduate students are eligible to submit the following three applications:

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10 I University of Colorado at Denver 1. The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part ap plication the student will be considered for: Federal Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG) (Pell Grant ) Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG) Federal Work-Study Assistance Federal National Direc t Student Loan ( NDSL) State Colorado Student Grant (CSG) State Colorado Work -St udy Assistance State and Federal Colorado Student Incentive Grant (CSIG) Institutional Grant Assistance (Students classified as nonresident for tuition pur poses are not eligible for state financial aid funds . ) 2 . Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (Pell Grant) . This is a separate federal grant program which students can apply for if they do not apply for financial aid under number one above. 3. Guaranteed Student Loan. See the Types of Aid Available section for details . Graduate Students. Graduate students are eligible to submit the following two applications: 1. The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part ap plication , the student will be considered for: Federal Work-Study Assistance Federa l National Direct Student Loan (NDSL) State of Colorado Graduate Grant 2. Federally Insured Student Loan/Guaranteed Student Loan. See the Types of Aid Available section for details. Priority Filing Dates March 2-All students applying for financial aid for the summer term. March 16-All students applying for fall semester financial aid. October 23-All students applying for financial aid for the spring semester. Special Note: An application for financial aid does not constitute an application for admission to the University. Please contact the UCD Office of Admis sions and Records for application forms and procedures. Applicants will not receive financial aid until they are enrolled in a degree program at the University . Special students are not eligible for finan cial aid. Types of Aid Available SCHOLARSHIPS Colorado Scholarships. Colorado Scholars Award s provide up to $400 for Colorado residents who have at least a 3.0 grade-point average and have attended the University for at least two semesters, excluding sum mers . These scholarships are funded by the state of Colorado. Information and application materials are available in the Office of Financial Aid. The Office of Admissions and Records automatically considers in coming students for Scholars Awards . All resident ap plicants should contact that office for further informa tion. Army Reserv e Officer Training Corps. The Depart ment of Military Science offers students three-year, two-year, and one-year scholarships. These scholarships cover all tuition and fees, books and sup plies , and they provide a tax-free monthly stipend of $100. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly sti pend. Upon completion of the ROTC curriculum, stu dents are eligible for a commission in the Reserves, National Guard , or active Army. GRANTS Ba sic Educational Opportunity Grant (Pelt Grant). The Basic Educational Opportunity Grant is a source of federal grant aid for which all students pursuing their first undergraduate degree may apply. Applica tion can be made by s ubmitting the Family Financial Statement or the separate Basic Grant application. Applications can be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid . Grant amounts vary depending on financial need , costs at the institution, and Congres sional allocation . This program is the base of all finan cial aid. Colorado Student Grant. The Colorado Student Grant is an undergraduate grant for Colorado resi dents. This grant is based on financial need and funds are allotted to the University by the State of Colorado . Amounts vary from approximately $100 to $1,000 per year . Application for this grant is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants are undergraduate federal grants varying in amounts from $200 to $2,000 per year. These grants are based on student need and availability of funds. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement. Graduate Grant. Grants for graduate students are available on a limited basis and will be awarded to students as eligibility and funds allow. Application is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement. LOANS National Direct Student Loans . National Direct Student Loans are federal loans available to un dergraduate and graduate students with financial need . A student may borrow up to (a) $3,000 during the freshman and sophomore years; (b) $6,000 total for undergraduate study; (c) $12,000 for total graduate and undergraduate study. Application for the loan is made by submitting the University Ap plication for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement. Guaranteed Student Loan Programs. This program enables undergraduate and graduate students to bor row directly from a bank, credit union, savings and

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loan association, or other participa ting lenders who are willing to make the educational loan . The loan is guaranteed by a state or private nonprofit agency and insured by the federal government. Information and applications may be obtained from the lender. EMPLOYMENT College Work-Study Program . The College WorkStudy Program is designed to provide jobs to un dergraduate and graduate students. The program is funded by the federal government and the State of Colorado . Employment is arranged whenever pos s ible in the student's major area of interest , with job oppor tunities both on-and off-campus. Awards average up to $1,800 per academic year. For details contact the Office of Student Employment. Application for this aid is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial State ment. Part-time Student Employment. The Auraria Student Assistance Center assists students in obtaining part-time employment other than that based on financial need. Further information and application may be obtained from the center. OTHER SOURCES OF AID See the Office of Financial Aid for details of these programs: Bureau of Indian Affairs. Grants are available to Native American students . LEEP Grants and Loans. Grants and loans for tui tion and fees are available to personnel working full time in law enforcement. Short-Term Loans . Small , temporary loan s are made to students facing financial emergencies . These loans are to be repaid during the semester . Academic Requirements Students receiving financial aid must demonstrate that they are maintaining normal progress and are in good standing at the University . Normal academic progress is defined as completing the minimum number of hours stipulated on the notification of financial aid by obtaining a grade of D or better for that number of hours. Usually students are required to complete 12 credits per semester for under graduates and 8 credits per semester as graduates. Summer term requiremen ts are 6 credits for under graduates and 4 credits for graduates. Less than nor mal progress for two terms results in the loss of future financial aid. Aid received while suspended under Satisfactory Progress Policy must be repaid. Students are expected to maintain grade-point averages as re quired by the University. Duration of Aid Financial aid is offered for one year at a time. Stu dents must reapply for summer and for each academic year, according to the established priority deadlines. General Information I 11 Use of Funds All financial aid awards are to be used only for im mediate educational expenses . These expenses in clude tuition , fees, books, supplies, room and board, t ransportation , and essential miscellaneous expenses, such as clothing, medical, etc. Refunds The University tuition refund policy is published in the Schedule of Courses for each term. For the spring 1981 semester, the policy for refunds upon complete withdrawal from the University was a 100% minus $25 refund if the student withdrew before the term began, 75% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the second day of the third week of classes, and 50 % of the total bill if the student withdrew by the fourth week of classes . Students receiving financial aid may be re quired to return any refund to the University's finan cial aid accounts. Student Rights and Responsibilities Students have certain rights and responsibilities regarding financial aid and student employment. Stu dents may review applicable policies and procedures, published in a financial aid brochure available in the UCD Office of Financial Aid. Specific application procedures and policies are subject to change. Further Information and Application Forms Further information and application forms may be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, on the Auraria campus, or by writing to Office of Financial Aid, University of Colora do at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver , CO 80202. Persons in the Denver metropolitan area are encouraged to visit the office to receive application forms and information; however, materials will be mailed upon request. Peer counselors and University counselors are available to discuss individual situ ations and aid eligibility. IV. REGISTRATION: SELECTING A PROGRAM AND COURSES Selecting a Program and Courses New and continuing UCD students are urged to review Section VI and the sections of this bulletin . Section VI describes the traditional and non t raditional instructional programs available at UCD, and the sections which follow it give information by school or college on the var iou s majors available, course requirements by major, graduation require ments, course load policies , and other information and specific policies . Courses available during a par ticular semester or summer term are listed in the Schedule of Courses, published several weeks before registration and available from the Office of Admis sions and Records and the varous deans ' offices.

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12 I University of Colorado at Denver Undergraduate students who need assistance in planning a program or selecting cour ses sh ould contact the academic unit in which they are enrolled to arrange for a counseling appointment. The appoin t ment'should be made prior to registration . Graduate studen ts sho uld contact their graduate departmen t for assistance. Orientation An orientation program for all new undergraduate students is held a t the beginning of t he fall semester, prior to the first day of classes. The pr ogram is con ducted by the Office of Admission s and Records and the various deans' offices, and introduces t h e programs , activities, and services available at UCD, in addition to providing information on degree re quiremen ts, how to register , and similar matters. Registration UCD conducts a common registration in coopera tion with Metropolitan State College. Ba sic ally , the registration involves t he following processes: (1) mail registration, (2) walk-in registration, and (3) course adjustment. Students eligible for mail registration who choose to take advantage of this process may register and pay tuition and fees by mail. A walk-in registration will be available for students who do not wish to or are not eligible to regist er by mail. For complete instructions, students shoul d refer to the Schedule of Courses published at the beginning of each semester and summer term . POOLED COURSES Certain courses in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences have been pooled with similar courses at Metropolitan State College. UCD students may register for any of the courses listed in the Schedule of Cou r ses . INTERINSTITUTIONAL REGISTRATION UCD degree studen ts may enroll for courses offered by the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver. Students must be enrolled at UCD for a t least one course during the semester or summer term to be eligible to regist er interinstit u tion ally. Registr ation is on a space available basis. V. ACADEMIC POLICIES AND REGULATIONS Advanced Standing and Advanced Placement Credit Undergraduate students may obtain credit for lower-division courses in which they demonstrate proficiency by examination. B y passing an examina tion, t he student will be given credit for the course to satisfy lower division requirements and may be eligi ble to enroll in higher level courses than indicated by the student's formal academic experience. Credit granted for courses by examination is treated as transfer c redit without a grade but does count toward graduation and other requirements for which it is ap propriate. There are three types of examinations as de scribe d below . ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM The Advanced Placement Program of the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) allows stu den ts to take ad v anced work while in high school and then be examined for credit at the college level. Students who take advanced placement courses and sub sequently receive scores of 3, 4, or 51 on the CEEB Ad vanced Placement Examination are generally given college credit for lower-level courses in which they have demonstrated proficiency and are granted ad vanced standing in those areas . Students with scores below 31 are considered for advanced placement by the discipline concerned. For more information , contact your high school counselor or the Office of Admis sions and Records . CREDIT BY EXAMINATION Degree stu den ts may take examina tio ns for credit. To qualify for an examination, the student must be formally working toward a degree at UCD and have a grade-point average of at least 2.0. Examinations are arran ged through the Office of Admissions and Rec ords, and a nonrefundable fee is charged. Stu den ts shoul d contact t he office of the dean of the academic unit in which t hey are enrolled. COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM An exciting challenge is available to incoming UCD students who may earn University credit by examina tion in subject areas in which they have excelled at college-level proficiency. Interested students are en couraged to take appropriate subject examinations provided in the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) of the College Entrance Examination Board testing service. The cost for a single examination is $20. Students who are interested in CLEP examina tio ns must contact the office of t heir schoo l or college . Credit for Military Service and Schooling and ROTC MILITARY SERVICE AND SCHOOLING Applicants with military experience sho uld submit the following with their application in or der to have credit for educational experiences evaluated: (1) a copy of DD Form 214 and (2) DD Form 295, Applica tion for the Evaluation of Educa tio nal Experience During Military Service. US AF personnel may present an official transcript from the Community Col lege of the Air Force in lieu of the DD Form 295. Credit will be awarded as recommended by the Com mission on the Accreditation of Service Experiences of ' tudents in the Colle ge o f Engineer i n g and Appli e d Science must receive scores o f 4 o r 5 f o r credit to be gra nted ; stude nt s with scores of 3 may be considered by the departme n t co n cerned . All cre dit must be validated by s ub se quent academic performance.

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the American Council on Education to the extent that such credit is applicable to the degree sought at UCD. Credit for courses completed through the U.S. Armed Forces Institute will be evaluated on the same basis as transfer credit from collegiate institutions . RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS (ROTC) Students enrolled in Army or Air Force ROTC programs should consult with their college or school regarding the application of ROTC course credit toward graduation requirements . The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences allows a maximum of 12 semester hours of ROTC credit to be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. The College of Business and Administration stipulates that ROTC courses may be used for credit only for nonbusiness elective requirements and that no credit may be given for freshman and sophomore ROTC courses. Further more, a maximum of 12 semester hours may be ap plied toward baccalaureate degree requirements in business and only if the ROTC program is completed. Grading System and Policies The following grading system and procedures for pass/fail registration, dropping and adding courses, and withdrawal from the University have been stan dardized for all academic units of the University effec tive with t he 1974-75 academic year. GRADE SYMBOLS The instructor is responsible for whatever grade symbol (A, B , C , D , F , IF , IW, or IP) is to be assigned. Special symbols (NC, W, and Y) are indications of registration or grade status and are not assigned by the instructor but are automatically converted by the grade application system, explained under Pass /Fail Procedure. A-superior/excellent 4 credit points per credit hour . B-good/better than average 3 credit points per credit hour. C-competent/average-2 credit points per credit hour. D-minimum passing-! credit point per credit hour. F-{ailing-no credit points per credit hour. IF-incomplete-conversion after one academic year to F . IW-incomplete-conversion after one academic year to W . IP-in progress-thesis at the graduate level only . P/F pass/fail-P grade is not included in the grade-point average; the F grade is included; up to 16 hours of pass/fail course work may be credited toward a bachelor 's degree. HIPIF -honors/pass/fail-intended for honors courses; credit hours count toward the degree but are not included in the grade-point average . General Information I 13 SPEC . IAL SYMBOLS NC-indicates registration on a no-credit basis. W-indicates withdrawal without credit. -indicates the fmal grade roster was not received by the time grades were processed. PASS/FAIL PROCEDURE 1. Any student who wishes to register for a course on a pass/fail basis should do so during regular registration procedures. (Up to 16 semester hours of regular course work may be taken on a pass/fail basis and credited toward the bachelor 's degree.) Changes to or from a pass/fail basis may be effected only dur ing the regular drop/add period. 2 . The record of pass/fail registration is maintained by the Office of Admissions and Records. 3 . Academic deans and faculty will not be informed of special pass/fail registration. All students who register on a pass/fail basis appear on the regular class roster, and a normal letter grade is assigned by the professor. When grades are received in the Records Office , those registrations which require a pass/fail designation are automatically converted by the grade application system . Grades of D and above convert to grades of P. 4. Only 6 hours of course work may be P/F in any given semester. 5. Exception to the pass/fail regulations is permit ted for certain specified courses offered by the School of Education, the Division of Continuing Education, and Study Abroad Programs . 6 . Graduate degree students can exercise t he PIF option for undergraduate courses only. However, a grade of Pwill not be acceptable for graduate credit to satisfy any Graduate School requirement. Adding and Dropping Courses 1 Adding Cours e s . Students may add courses to their original registration during the first 5 days of classes, provided there is space available. Approval signatures are not required . Dropping Courses : 1. Students will be able to drop courses during the first 12 days of the fall or spring semesters (7th day of the summer term). Tuition will not be charged for the courses which are dropped and signatures are not re quired. 2. Mter the 12th day of a fall or spring semester (7t h day of a summer term) , and the instructor 's signature, tuition will be charged and the courses will appear on the student's permanent record with a W grade . 3 . After the lOth week of a fall or spring semester (5th week of a summer term), courses may not be dropped unless there are circumstances clearly be yond the student's control. In addition to t he in structors certification (as in 2 above), the student must petition the academic dean for appro val to drop the courses. Tuition will be charged even though t he drop is allowed. 'Fo r the exact dates, check the Schedule of Courses for the appropriate term .

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14 I Universit y of Colorado at Denver PASS/FAIL OPTION RESTRICTIONS College Busin ess and Administra tion Educ ation Engineering and Applied Scie nce Graduate School Liberal Arts and Sciences Music Ge neral May not be u sed for "co re " courses required for gradua tion and courses in area of emphasis o re str i ctio n s Cour ses must be designa ted b y maj o r depar t ment ; stu dents without major n ot eligi ble; recommended maximum one course /s emester Not applicable to ward degr ee May be restricted in certain majors ; not included in 30 ho ur s of C or better work re quired f o r major arne a business Withdrawal From the University :ro withdraw from the University, the student obtams approval of the dean 's office, Finance Offic e, and the Office of Admissions and Records. The withdrawal date is recorded on the student's permanent record page. If the withdrawal date is prior to the 13th day of the semester (7th day of the summer term), the courses will not appear on the student's permanent record . If the withdrawal date is after the 12th day, the courses will appear with W grades. Stu dents may not withdraw after the lOth week of the semester (5th week of the summer term) except under documented circumstances clearly beyond their con trol. Students who are receiving veterans ' benefits or financial aid also must obtain the required signature of the appropriate office(s) . A student who ceases to attend classes without officially withdrawing from the University will receive a grade ofF for all course work enrolled for during that term. A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the University must apply to the associate dean of the School for permi ssio n to withdraw in good standmg. Students who withdraw without com muni:ating :-vith the associate dean and filing the ap propnate Withdrawal Form , will be marked as having failed their courses for the term. For specific signatures and refunds the student must refer to the Schedule of Courses published prior to the beginning of each term. Inspection of Educational Records but not less than annually, the Umversity of Colorado informs students of the Family 16 H ours Maximum Includes credit received throug h CLEP and advanced standing examinations In cludes courses taken in the h onors program Doe s not include co urses taken i n h onors, phy s ical education , cooperative educa tion, and cer tain teac h e r cer tification courses Includes cou rses taken in the h onors program Transfer Student Maximum of 1 sem est er hour of pass/fail for every 8 semes te r h ours attempted at the U n iversity Maximum o f 1 semester hour of pass/fail may be applied to ward graduat ion for every 9 emester hours taken i n the college Ma y n ot be used by students graduatin g with only 30 se m ester hours taken at the Univer ity Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. This act, with the institution intends to comply fully, was designated to protect the privacy of educational records, to establish the right of students to inspect and review their educational records , and to provide guidelines for the correction of inaccurate or mis leading data through informal and formal hearings. Students also have the right to file complaints with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Office (FERPA) concerning alleged failures by the institu tion to comply with the act. Local policy explains in detail the procedures to be used by the institution for compliance with the provi sions of the act. Copie s of the policy can be found in the library on each of the several campuses of the University of Colorado . A directory of record s which lists all educational rec o rd s maintained on studen ts b y this institution may be found in the offices of the chancellor on each campus. The following item s of studen t info rmation have been designated by the University of Colorado as public or directory information. Such information by the institution for any purpose , at Its d1scret10n . These items are : name, address, telephone number , dates of attendance, registration status, class, major field of study, awards, honors, degree (s) conferred, past and pre se n t participation in officiall y recognized sports and ac t ivities , physical ( height, weight) of athletes, date and place of birth. Currently enrolled students may withhold dis closure of any category of information under the Famil y Educational Right s and Privacy Act of 1974. To withhold disclosure , written notification must be received in the Office of Admissions and Records on the appropriate campus prior to the 11th day of

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classes in any given term. Forms requesting the with holding of directory information are available in the Office of Admissions and Records . The University of Colorado assumes that failure on the part of any student to request specifically the withholding of categories of directory information in dicate s individual approval for disclosure. Questions concerning the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act may be referred to the Office of Admissions and Records . Good Standing To remain in good standing within a particular department, a student must main t ain a minimum grade-point average of 2 . 0 (C) in all course work attempted. A minimum grade-point average of 2 . 0 must also be maintained to qualify for an undergraduate degree. Policies on academic probation , suspension, and dismissal vary by college or school, and students should refer to the sections of this bulletin dealing with the colleges and schools for information. Student Classification Students who have passed fewer than 30 semester hours are classified as freshmen. To be classified as a sophomore, a student must have passed 30 semester hours; to be classified as a junior, 60 hours; and to be classified as a senior, 90 hours of credit. All transfer students will be classified on the same basis according to their hours of credit accepted by the University of Colorado . Student Indebtedness A student with financial obligations to the Univer sity will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term , to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or credit from the University . Transcripts will not be released to a student with a financial obligation to the University. The only excep tion to this policy involves students who have loans or other ty pe s of indebtedness which mature after graduation. VI. SERVICES FOR STUDENTS The Office for Student Affairs offers educational and personal support services and programs designed to assist students in meeting their educational and personal growth objectives. The office telephone number is 629-2861. The University of Colorado at Denver follows a polic y of equal opportunity in education and employ ment. In pursuance of this policy , no UCD depart ment, unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed , color, age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees. General Information I 15 Academic Honorary Societies Academic honorary societies are affiliated with each of the schools and colleges. Further information may be obtained from the deans' offices . Alumni and Friends Program The UCD Alumni and Friends organization was es tablished in 1975 to support the University of Colorado at Denver. Membership is open to all University of Colorado graduates, former students, and friends of the University. The organization publishes a newsletter on alumni and University activities and sponsors legislative breakfasts to aid in keeping alumni, students, and faculty informed about the legislative process. Members work with students to select the campus' outstanding faculty member, assist with student recruitment and registration, sponsor a reception for each graduating class, and coordinate the UCD Distinguished Service Award program. Functions are planned which bring alumni and friends back to the campus. Telephone 629-2665 . Aurarla Student Assistance Center A number of student services are provided through the Auraria Student Assistance Center to all students on campus. These programs include specialized ser vices for disabled students, international students, career placement, and student employment and per sonal counseling. Information on these programs may be obtained by calling 629-34 75. A general student in formation center is located in the Central Classroom Building , Room 107, 629-3474. Career Services Vocational counseling, career planning, vocational interest exploration, and career placement are available for UCD students and alumni. Counseling programs are available to help students plan their futures and attain skills necessary for the achievement of career goals. Assistance also is provided in developing skills essential for resume preparation and interviewing techniques . Telephone 629-2861. Counseling Center The services of the Counseling Center are open to all students and prospective students. Personal and vocational counseling, group experiences, and testing are confidential and there is no fee for counseling. Telephone 629-2861. Disabled Student Services This office provides specialized services for disabled students. Services are developed as the need arises and include preadmission advising and orientation; academic, vocational, and personal counseling;

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16 I University of Colorado at Denver registration assistance; notetaker and interpreter ser vices; close-in parking permits; a Handivan; and locker usage. Telephone 629-3474. Health Insurance Program The student medical-hospital-surgical plan is automatic for all students unless waived. Dependent coverage is available at an additional charge. For further information refer to the section on Tuition and Fees in the General Information portion of this bul letin, or call 629-2861. International Student Services The Office for International Students provides as sistance to international students on the Auraria campus. The office helps foreign students with such requirements as immigration certifications and pass port assistance, and supplies information on study abroad programs, international student I.D. cards, and overseas travel. Telephone 629-3474. Special Services Program Special Services provides a variety of supportive service s designed to assist selected students achieve success in their university lives. Services are provided for low income students, physically disabled students, students with limited English-speaking ability , and others with special needs. A variety of supportive ser vices are offered, including tutoring , classes in English as a second language, testing, counseling , and academic skill development. Telephone 629-8345 . Job Placement The Job Placement Office is centralized with the other colleges on the Auraria campus . Assistance in finding full-time employment is provided. Individual files are maintained, interviews are arranged, and workshops in job-seeking skills and resume writing are conducted. Telephone 629-3474. Student Conduct, Policies, and Standards The Office for Student Affairs, which protects student rights and responsibilities, administers the Code of Student Conduct. When a student enrolls in the University, he or she agrees to participate meaningfully in the life of the University and to share in the obligation to preserve and promote its educational endeavors. Each student preserves his or her rights as a citizen and has a basic obligation not to commit or to tolerate any impingement on the rights of others. Copies of the code and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the Office for Student Affairs. Telephone 629-2861 . Student Employment Opportunities The Auraria Placement Office offers job listing s to all UCD students . Both on-campus and off-campus full-time and parttime positions are available. Students receiving financial aid may use this ser vice only if the Office of Financial Aid has determined that earnings from the job in question will not exceed the amount oftheir unmet need . Telephone 629-2886. For information on career-related job opportunities, refer to Cooperative Education under Academic Programs in this section. Study Skills Center The Study Skills Center is administered by the Col lege of Liberal Arts and Sciences on behalf of UCD. The purpose of the center is to help UCD students develop methods of efficient study. Services are available to help specifically with particular academic and research skills. Telephone 629-2802 . Veterans Affairs The Office of Veterans Affairs offers all student veterans counseling regarding school attendance re quirements, benefits , personal and vocational as sistance, and other program information. Telephone 629-2630 . Women's Center The Women's Center provides counseling regarding vocational choices and personal and school-related problems . The center is also a place to meet other women students or join a discussion group. Telephone 629-2815. VII. ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Degree Programs For complete bachelor's and master's degree programs offered by UCD, see the Degree Programs at a Glance chart at the beginning of this bulletin . UCD also offers preprofessional programs in law, journalism , and the health sciences (child health as sociate, dental hygiene, dentistry , medical techno logy, medicine , nursing , optometry , o . steopathy, phar macy, physical therapy, podiatry , and veterinary medicine) . Courses in many other undergraduate and graduate areas are offered at UCD, but degrees must be completed at the University of Colorado at Boulder. The remaining sections of this bulletin discuss in detail each school and college and provide informa tion on their specific policies on requirements for graduation , course requirements for various majors, course load policies, and similar information . Course offerings appear in a separate section of this bulletin. Cooperative Education Program 1047 Ninth Street 629-2892 The Cooperative Education Program provides stu dents with an opportunity to find work experience relevant to their academic programs. The program is open to all students in the colleges and schools ofUCD who have completed their freshman year and have

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maintained a grade-point average of at least 2.5. However , only the Colleges of Liberal Arts and Sciences and Music award credit for the work ex perience. The cooperative internship program consists of jobs developed by t h e program staff in a wide variety of federal, state, and private agencies and businesses. Positions are specifically geared to students' academic and career goals . Cooperative education students can either work full time by alternating semesters of work with semesters of full-time school or they can work part time year around. Educational Opportunity Program Room 1, 1100 Fo urteenth Street 629-2700 The Educational Opportunity Programs assist all educationally disadvantaged students at UCD. Support programs include specialized recruiting , inten sive counseling, tutorial services, and community out reach programs . The program is designed to provide assistance to minority students and to acquaint students with the history and culture of Asian Americans , Blacks, Mexican Americans , and Native Americans . Student organizations provide assistance with recr uitmen t, counseling , and tutoring; financial assistance is available through grants and the Work/Study Program. Courses are offered in Asian American , Black , Mexican American , and Native American Studies. These courses are open to all stu dents and are described in the Course Description sec tion of this bulletin . Senior Citizen Program The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences through its Academic Advising Office coordinates tuition-free c l asses for persons 60 years of age and over. Senior citizens may register for any class on a non credit/audit basis as long as space is available. Senior citizens should register and pick up class registra tion forms in Room 47, East Classroom Building , and should take the completed forms to the first session of class for the instructor 's approval. The form then should be returned to Room 47, and a student I.D . card will be issued which entitles senior citizens to the same privileges as regular degree students. For further information call 629-2555 . Division of Continuing Educatio n The Division of Continuing Education at UCD provides lifelong learning experiences for people of all ages seeking to attain career and personal develop ment goals and serves a society trying to cope with the problems and realities of rapidly changing patterns of living. The division offers a large noncredit program ranging from one-day workshops to certificate programs requiring several years to complete. Classes meet throughout the Denver metropolitan area. Off campus credit classes are offered in the public schools, Lowry Air Force Ba se, and Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. General Information I 17 Noncredit programs are open to all adults regardless of previous education or training. Some ad vanced courses require a background in a specific s ubject matter area. Examples of these courses include licensing and professional designation refresher courses for engineers , accountants, and life insurance agents. Except in some certificate programs , no grade is awarded upon completion of a course. Off campus credit classes supplement the regular academic programs offered at UCD. Admission re quirements and refund policies for off-campus in struction are identical with requirements for enrollment in UCD. Individuals who have never been enrol led on any campus of the University of Colorado usually are admitted to off-campus instruction as special students. Individuals interested in obtaining a copy of the Di vision of Continuing Education Bulletin or other in formation may write or call the division office at UCD, 1100 14th Street, 629-2735. VIII. RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAMS Army U.S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps ( ROTC), Department of Military Science, University of Colorado at Denver , 1059 Ninth Street, 629-3491. The Department of Military Science offers two Army ROTC programs leading to a commission in the active Army , the Army Reserve, or the Arm y National Guard Forces. FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM The standard four-year program consists of two phases. The basic course, normally completed during the freshman and sophomore yea rs , consists of courses in military science, officer career devel opment, and leadership theory and management. The advanced course coincides with the junior and senior years. Subject areas include psychology and methods of instruc tion, tactics and unit operations, military law, history, national strategy, and army policies. Comple tion of a six-week advanced camp during the summer is required prior to commissioning. Students should contact the Professor of Military Science (629-3491, 1059 Ninth Street) for specific re quirements and options available based on each student's status at the time of program entry. Students who are veterans of military service or participated in Junior ROTC , Civil Air Patrol , or similar organiza tions ma y have a portion or all of the basic course re quirements waived by the Professor of Military Science. TWO-YEAR PROGRAM The abbreviated two-year program consists of the same courses offered in the advanced course. However, both undergraduate and graduate students may become qualified for this program by successful

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18 I University of Colorado at Denver completion of a six-week summer basic camp, an oncampus summer program, or by completion of specially designed compression courses offered durin g the spring or fall semesters. If selected for the ab breviated program under these options , students may receive an early commission with the Reserve or National Guard while continuing their college educa tion at the undergraduate or graduate level. SCHOLARSHIPS Students selected for a U.S. Arm y scholarship receive full tuition, books , laboratory fees, classroom materials, and a monthly allowance of $100 dur ing each academic year. All advanced -course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Only high school seniors are eligible to apply for four-year scholarships. Both ROTC and non-ROTC students, enrolled on campus as full-time students, may compete for the t hre e-, two-, and one-year scholarships. All sc holar ship benefits are tax free and competition is open to both men and women. FLIGHT TRAINING Students selected for the advanced course may become qualified, as a cadet , to participate in the Army Aviation Program. These individuals will at tend flight school after completion of their officer 's basic course while on active duty . ARMY ROTC COURSE CREDIT Army ROTC course credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the Profes sor of Military Science or dean of their college to clarify the number of credit hours to be awarded. Air Force U.S. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AF ROTC) , Folsom Stadium, Gate 3, Univers ity of Colorado at Boulder , Boulder , Colorado 80309 , 492-8351. U.S. Air Force ROTC offers two programs leadin g to commission in the U.S. Air Force upon receipt of the baccalaureate degree . Graduate students may be commissioned upon completion of 12 hours of the professional officer course and a six-week summer training program. STANDARD FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM This program is in three parts: the general military course for lower division (freshman and sophomore) students, the professional officer course for upper division students, and leadership laboratory (at tended by all students). Completion of the general military course is a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course. Completion of a four-week summer training course is required prior to commissioning. MODIFIED TWO-YEAR PROGRAM This program is offered to full-time , regularly enrol led degree students at both undergraduate and graduate levels who will have two years remaining at the University of Colorado at Boulder when they enroll. Selection is on a competitive basis. Applicants shoul d apply directly to the Professor of Aerospace Studies not later than March 15 of the spring semester . immediately preceding the academic year in which t he y desire to enroll in the program. Those selected for this program must complete a six-week field training program during the summer months as a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course the fol lowin g fall or spring semester. FLIGHT TRAINING Expense-paid ground school and flight training are open to cadets approved and qualified for future USAF pilot training. AIR FORCE COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM Students participating in Air Force ROTC may be eligible to compete for Air Force ROTC College Scholarships. Students selected for this program are placed on grants that pay tuition, book costs , non refundable educational fees, and subsistence of $100 per month, tax free. All cadets enrolled in the profes sional officer course receive $100 per month sub sistence during the regular academic year. Students are also eligible to compete for two-, three-, or four year scholars hip s open to both men and women . AFROTC COURSE CREDIT AFROTC credit for graduation varies with each col lege. Students should contact the appropriate college or the Professor of Aerospace Studies for determina tion of credit. COURSES See Department of Military Science in the Course De scription sectio n of this bulletin for courses offered. BOARD OF REGENTS JACK KENT ANDERSON, Golden, term expires 1984 RICHARD J. BERNICK, Denver , term expires 1986 FRED M . BETZ, JR., Lamar, term expires 1982 PETER C. DIETZE, Boulder , term expires 1984 BYRON L. JOHNSON, Denver , term expi res 1982 SANDY F. KRAEMER, Colorado Springs , term ex pire s 1982 RACHEL B. NOEL, Denver, term expires 1984 ROY H . SHORE, Greeley, te rm expires 1986 DAVID K . SUNDERLAND, Colorado Springs , term expires 1986 Staff H.H. ARNOLD, Executive Secretary of the Board of Regen ts and of the University. B.A., LL.B., University of Colora do . HERBERT R. DUNHAM, Assistant Vice President for Finance and Treasurer. B.S. (Bus.), Bryant College (Providence, Rhode I s land) . CPA : Colora do .

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ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS University-Wide ARNOLD WEBER , President of the University; Professor of Econ omics, UCB; Professor of Public Affairs, UCD. B.A., M.A., Unive rsity of Illi n ois; Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Techn ology. OLIVER M . SHERMAN , Vice President for Externa l Affairs. THEODORE VOLSKY , JR. , Vice President for Administration ; P rof e ssor of Psyc h o l ogy. B.S. , M . S., Kansas State University; Ph . D., University of Minnesota. University of Colorado at Denver GENE M. NORDBY , Chancellor; Professor of Civil B .S. (C. E .), Oregon State University; M .S. (C.E.), Ph.D., Univer sity of Min nesota . Professional Engineer : Arizona, Colorado, Oklah oma. PAUL J. KOPECKY , Vice Chancellor for Studen t and Ad m i ni strative Services ; Assistant Professor of Education . B . A., Un ive r sity of Northern Colorado; M.A., Ed.D ., University of Co l o r ado. DWAYNE C. NUZUM, Acting Vice Chancellor for Academic Aff a i rs; Professor of Architecture. B.Arch., University of Colorado; M.(Arch.), Massac h usetts Institute of Technology ; Doctoral ( Town Pl anning). Delft Technical University, The Netherlands. Reg i s t ered Arc h itect: Colorado, Virginia . PATRICIA SENN BREIVIK , Director, Auraria Library; Professor. B.A . Br ooklyn College; M . L.S. , Pratt Institute (Brooklyn); D.L.S., Colum bia University, School of Library Science. GEORGE L. BURNHAM , Director , Admissions and Records. B .A., Willi am Jewell Coll ege; M .A., University of Kansa s City. ELLEN CARUSO, Director , Alumni and Friends and Development . B .A., University of Montana . WILLARD R. CHAPPELL , Director, Center for Environmental Scie n ces; Professor of Physics. M.A., Harvard University; B .A., Ph .D., Unive r sity of Colorado. Ge n e r al Info rm a tio n I 19 KENNETH E. HERMAN, Director, Budget an d Finance. B.S. (Bus .), Unive r sity of Colorado. BARBARA HOLLAND, Assista n t to the Chancellor; Directo r , Of fice of Public Informatio n and P u blications. B.A., M.A ., Unive r s i ty of Missouri. FLOYD C. MANN, Director, Institute for Urban a n d Public P olicy Research; Professor of Public Affairs. B.A. , M.A., University of Iowa; Ph.D., U n iversity of Mich i gan . PAUL E . BARTLETT , Associate Dean , Co ll ege of Engineeri n g a n d Applied Sc i e nce; Professor of Civil Engineeri ng. B . S. (C.E.), B.S. (Bus.), M . S. (C.E.), University of Colorado. Professional Engi neer : Colorado. REX 0. BENNETT, Associate Dean, College of B usiness and Ad ministratio n ; Associate Professor of Marketing. B.S., Unive r sity of Tennessee; Ph . D. , University of North Carolina. WILLIAM D. BOUB , Dean, Summer Session; Director , Divisio n of Continuing Education . B.S., Kansas State Teachers College; M.S . , University of Illinois. JOEL C. EDELSTEIN , Acting Associate Dean, Graduate Sc hool ; Associate Professor of Political Science. B.A. , M . A., New Schoo l for Social Researc h ; Ph.D., University of Califo rn ia, R iverside . DANIEL FALLON , Dean , Coll ege of Liberal Arts and Scie n ces; Professor of Psychology. B.A ., Antioch Coll ege; M .A., P h .D., University of Virginia . MARSHALL KAPLAN , Dean , Graduate School of Public Affai rs; Prof e ssor o f Publi c Affairs. B .A., M.A., Boston U n iversity; M.C . P., Massachus etts Institute of Technology. GERALD W. LUNDQUIST, Associate Dean , School of Educati o n ; Profess o r of Education. B . A., University of Puget Sound; M.A., Ph.D., Arizona State Univers i ty . JOHN M. PROSSER , Resident Dean , College of Environme ntal Design; Professor of Urban Design. B.A .( Arch.) , University of Kansas ; M.Arch ., Carnegie Institute of Technology. Registere d Architect: Col orado, Kansas. FRANZ L . ROEHMANN, Resident Dean, Colleg e of Musi c ; A s sociate Professor of Music. B.S., State University of New York; M.Mus., Ed. D., University of Ill inois.

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College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administra t ion Rex 0. Bennett, Associate Dean INFOR MATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE The College of Business and Administration and the Graduate School of Business Administration at UCD offer programs designed to train competent, responsible administrative and related professional personnel. The College serves students entering this field of study and men and women already in ad ministrative positions-demonstrated by the fact that 80-85 percent of courses are offered in the evening . It promotes research and new thinking about ad ministrative problems . The major purpose of the College of Business is to provide opportunities both for a liberal education and for professional training. Students are given help in preparing not only for effective careers but also for satisfying living and constructive citizenship. The Graduate School of Business Administration of!ers graduate-level education in business to persons w1th undergraduate degrees in business and other academic fields and prepares them for work in the broad spectrum of business enterprise. All Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) classes are offered in the evening. The College was admitted to membership in the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business in 1938. The College participates on a continuing basis in th.e Executive Program for the Gas Industry , the In stitute or Organization Management, the Colorado School of Banking, the National Installment Banking School , the School of Bank Marketing , the School for International Banking , and many activities of the Center for Management and Technical Programs . The College also assists in the presentation throughout Colorado of a Program in Real Estate. The faculty also participate in many continu ing education, government, and company educational programs . The UCD Business Advisory Council serves as a direct link with the Denver business community to promote understanding, cooperation, and mutual gain in a variety of education-industry activities. Career Opportunities Graduates occupy positions and perform widely varied functions in: Advertising Banking Consumer credit and mortgage fmance Credit admini stration Financial managemen t Industrial selling and purchasing Information systems Insurance International business Investments Management accounting Management consulting Marketing management Marketing research Media Minerals land management Office management Operations research Personnel -Human resou rce s management Production management Public accoun t ing Real estate Retailing Selling and sales management Traffic management Transportation Wholesaling Others hold positions of re spo nsibility in fields as diverse as business journalism , public relations, city p l anning , chamber of commerce and trade association management, college administration, and govern ment. Organization Within the broad framework of polic y established by the Regents of the University of Colorado, policy decisions for the College of Business are made by the Educational Policy Committee of the faculty under the chairmanship of the dean and are subject to review by the faculty as a whole. The College's activities at UCD are administered by the associate dean, by the heads of its several in structional divisions, and by other faculty directors of particular programs. Research Acti v i ties The B u siness Research Division provides facilities and trained personnel for research on business and economic problems . Established in 1915, the unit serves as the research arm of the College. The division serves Colorado and the surrounding region to improve the general economic welfare of the area and to gather and disseminate business and economic in formation; encourages research by faculty members and graduate students; and develops closer relation ships between students, faculty, and businessmen. Through its monthly publication, The Colo rado Business Review, the division provides basic business information concerning Colorado. Other publications include compilation s of busines s and economic data ,

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22 I University of Colorado at Denv er industry surveys, studies of special problems in business management, and regional community studies. Honors Program Upon recommendation of the faculty, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation. Students must achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.3 and a grade-point average of 3.5 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado to be considered for cum laude. Those who achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.5 and a grade-point average of 3.7 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado will be considered for magna cum laude. Student Organizations Opportunity for association with other College of Business and Administration students, in varied ac tivities intended to stimulate professional interests and to give recognition to scholastic attainment, is provided by the following student organizations: AIESEC-intemational business association American Marketing Association-student chapter Beta Alpha Psi-national honorary and professional accounting fraternity Beta Gamma Sigma-national honorary scholastic fraternity in business BREC-Buffalo Real Estate Club CSPA-Colorado Society for Personnel Administra tion (student chapter) for students interested in personnel or industrial relations Delta Sigma Pi-national professional bus iness fraternity MBA Association-University of Colorado association of master's students in business Phi Chi Theta-national professional business and economics fraternity Rho Epsilon-professional real estate fraternity Sigma Iota Epsilon-professional and honorar y management fraternity SAML-Student Association of Minerals Landmen ACADEMIC POLICIES Academic policies which apply to all UCD students are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. The policies that follow apply specifically to the College of Business and Ad ministration and Graduate School of Business Ad ministration. Upon admission, the student can be advised on the academic program by the College advisers. The stu dent is responsible for knowing his/her status at all times. Scholastic Load The normal scholastic load of an undergraduate student in the College of Business is 15 semester hours, with 18 hours normally the maximum. Hours carried concurrently in the Division of Continuing Education, whether in classes or through cor respondence, are included in the student's load. Credit To receive credit, all courses must be listed on the student's dean's page by the Offi ce of Admissions and Records. Credit is then evaluated by the College of business to determine degree acceptability. Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus are credited toward degree requirements if appropriate to the degree program. Registration for Business Courses The course admission criteria are designed to meet a number of objectives: 1. To assure access to business courses for students seeking a business degree . 2. To serve students in other colleges who have business-related educational objectives or require ments. 3. To serve the nondegree-seeking special students who have specific career or educational goals. In order to serve the needs of nonbusiness degree students, core courses in the College of Business (Acct. 200, B.Ad. 100, B.Ad. 200, B.Law 300, Fin. 305, Mk . 300, Or.Mg. 330, Pr.Mg. 300, Q.M. 201) will be open to all University of Colorado students in good standing on a space-available basis. However, stu dents admitted to the College of Business will be given priority in registering. For all business courses, nonbusiness degree students will be able to enroll up to a maximum of 21 semester hours. Admission to noncore business courses will be limited to the following students: 1. Those admitted to the College of Business. (Refer to Model Degree Program in this section.) 2. Nonbusiness degree students who may request admission to business courses outside the core on a petition basis. However, the total number of College of Business courses may not exceed the 21-semester hour limit. 3. Nondegree special students who may enroll for a maximum of 15 semester hours of business cours es. Attendance Regulations Classroom attendance is at the discretion of the in structor. Students are responsible for determining each instructor's policy on attendance. Grading, Point System, and Pass/Fall Option See the General Information section for University wide grading system and pass/fail policy. Students in the College may not take required business or non business courses, or business elective courses on a pass/fail basis. A maximum of 16 hours pass/fail credit may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business; transfer students may take 1 hour pass/fail for every 8 hours attempted at this institution. Pass/ fail determination must be made within the posted

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deadline, and is irreversible. Failed courses may be repeated, but the Fwill be included in the grade-point average. A student who receives an incomplete grade of IF must complete course requirements (exams, papers, etc.) and may not retake the entire course to remove the incomplete. Adding and Dropping Courses See the General Information section of this bulletin for University-wide drop/add policies. Administrative Drop Instructors may recommend to the College of Business and Administration office that students who fail to meet expected course attendance standards be dropped without discredit during the first 10 weeks of the semester. Withdrawal Students may withdraw without discredit at any time prior to the start of the final examination period. Students who leave the University before the end of the semester should obtain a Withdrawal Form from the associate dean's office and follow the instructions on the form. The completed form must be turned in to the Office of Admissions. Appeal Procedure Students should contact the associate dean or staff members in the College of Business and Administra tion office for appeal and petition procedures pertain ing to rules and regulations of the College. SPECIFIC UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC POLICIES Standards of Performance Students are held to basic standards of performance established for their classes with respect to attendance, active participation in course work, prompt ness in completion of assignments, correct English usage both in writing and in speech, accuracy in calculations, and general' quality of scholastic work manship. In general, examinations are required in all courses and for all students, including graduating seniors. To be in good standing, students must have an overall grade-point average of not less than 2.0 (C = 2.0) for all course work attempted and a 2.0 for all business courses attempted. This applies to work taken at all University campuses. Activity physical education and remedial courses are not included in the overall average. When semester grades become available, students below standard will be notified of (1) probationary status or (2) suspension. Students are responsible for being aware of their academic standing at all times and late grades and/or notification does not waive this responsibility. College of Business and Administration I 23 College rules governing probation and suspension are as follows: 1. Any student whose overall grade average, or business course average, is less than 2.0 shall be placed on probation immediately . A student may be removed from probation when the overall average and the business average have been raised to 2.0. 2. A student shall remain on probation as long as the student maintains normal degree progress each semester as determined bythe College, and obtains no grade below a C; such probationary status may continue a maximum of four regular semesters (including summer) providing these provisions have been met. Failure to meet these provisions will result in in definite suspension. 3. Indefinitely suspended students may attend the University of Colorado summer term in order to improve their grade averages in the area of deficiency, but may not attend any division of the University for at least two regular (fall and spring) semesters . 4. A student who has been under indefinite suspen sion for one calendar year may apply for readmission to the College of Business and Administration. If readmitted, that readmission will be on a probationary status. After being readmitted under such probationary status, any student who fails to comply with the requirements of his/her probation will be subject to permanent suspension. 5. Any student who is placed on suspension more than once will be permanently suspended from the College of Business. 6. Any student earning all failing grades or no academic credit for the semester will not be permitted to register without the dean's approval. 7. Official combined degree students are required to maintain the same standards of performance as College of Business students in order to be continued in the combined business program. Transfer Credit Credits in business and nonbusiness subjects transferred from other institutions will be limited to the number of credit hours given for equivalent work in the regular offerings of the University. Transfer work is only accepted from institutions accredited by the regional association. In general, the College will limit transfer credit for business courses taken at a lower division level to such courses as the College offers at that level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. Transfer students must take 30 semester hours of business courses at the University after admission to the Col lege of Business. A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. Remedial or vocational work does not transfer. Business courses from junior colleges will not be applied toward degree requirements if the course work is offered at the junior-senior level at UCD. For a detailed explanation of transfer credit, see the General Information section.

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24 I University of Colorado at Denver Correspondence Credit Only 30 semester hours of credit, 9 of which may be in busine ss, taken through correspondence study will be counted toward the B.S. degree in business. Re quired business courses and area of emphasis courses cannot be taken by correspondence. All cor respondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability. Credit by Examination College Level Examination credits (CLEP subject examinations only) are acceptable toward degree re quirements to a maximum of 30 hours. Specific infor mation is available in the College of Business and Ad ministration office, Room 512. CLEP credit will be applied in the same manner as transfer credits. For credit, students must rank in the 66. 7 percentile based on national available norms. Generally , CLEP credit is only appropriate for (a) nonbusiness requirements and (b) nonbusiness elec tives. A maximum of 6 hours of credit in any one course area is allowed . CLEP may not be used in course areas where credit has already been allowed. General examinations are not acceptable. Credit for CLEP subject examinations in business course areas must have prior approval in writing by the College of Business and Administration and by the appropriate division head. Advanced Placement (CEEB) credit will be given where appropriate to students who make scores of 3, 4, or 5. Special Sources of Credit Without prior approval of the dean , the College reserves the discretion of accepting or rejectiiig all special sources of credit. A maximum of 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation or dance credits can be accepted toward graduation. Up to 6 hours of experimental studies or independent study programs can be accepted toward gradua tion. A maximum of 3 hours of this type of credit may be taken in any one semester. Junior or senior business students desiring to work beyond regular business course coverage may take variable credit courses (1 to 3 semester hours) under the direction of an instructor who approves the pro ject, but the student must have prior approval. Infor mation and request forms are available in the College of Business and Administration office. The request form must be signed by the instructor , division head of the student's area of emphasis, and associate dean. To receive credit for nonbusiness independent study courses, students should obtain the associate dean's approval prior to registering for the course. Further information and forms are available in the College office. There is no credit for work experience or Cooperative Education programs. ROTC Credit Students who are enrolled in and complete the ROTC program may apply a maximum of 12 semester hours of advanced ROTC credit toward nonbusiness elective requirements and toward the 120-semester hour total degree requirement for the B.S. degree in business. No credit toward requirements is granted for basic (freshman and sophomore) ROTC courses. The ROTC adviser can provide more detailed information. Study Abroad Credit Transfer credit from study abroad programs is most appropriately applied as nonbusiness elective credit. Required business courses should not be taken during studies abroad. Students are responsible for checking with the College of Business and Administration for prior approval. Information on the various study abroad programs is available at the Office of Inter national Education on the Boulder campus. No Credit Due to space limitation, business classes may not be taken on a no-credit basis. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM The undergraduate curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree is intended to help the student achieve the following general objec tives: 1. Understanding of the activities that constitute business enterprise and of the principles underlying administration of those activities. 2. Ability to think through logically and analyti cally the kinds of complex problems encountered by management. 3. Facility in the arts of communication. 4. Comprehension of the human relationships in volved in an organization. 5. Awareness of the social and ethical respon sibilities of those in administrative positions . 6. Skill in the art of learning that will help the student continue self-education after leaving the campus. Admission of Freshman Students See the General Information section for admission and application procedures. Prospective students in business are encouraged to pursue a broad college preparatory program in high school, with particular emphasis on English , mathe matics , the social sciences, and speech. Candidates for the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree normally enter as freshmen. The College ex pects entering freshmen to present 15 units of the secondary course work. Completion of two units of algebra and two units of English composition is strongly recommended.

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Admission of Transfer Students See the General Inform ation section for admission and application procedures . lntrauniversity Transfer Students who wis h to transfer to the College of Business and Administration from another college or school of the University must formally apply at the College of Business office (Room 512). A minimum University of Colorado grade-point average and mini mum number of academic hours (both established by the College) are required for consideration. Students desiring admission to official combined programs must apply to and be accepted by the Col lege of Business. Minimum grade-point averages are also established for these jointly enrolled students. Second Undergraduate Degree Students may apply to the College of Business and Administration to earn a second undergraduate degree, provided the first undergraduate degree is in a field other than business . The student who is accepted for the second undergraduate degree will be required to pursue courses in the sequence normally required for a degree plan. For example, if a student registered for the second degree has not had the required mathematics or general education courses , these must be taken before the student will be eligible to register for business courses. Further, the basic business courses (core courses) must be taken before a student begins to pursue the major field. Applications are available through t he Office of Admissions and Records. If a student applying for a second undergraduate degree has an academic record that justifies con sideration for the graduate program, that student will be encouraged to consider one of the master's programs. Academic Advising Each student in the College of Business is responsi ble for knowing and complying with the academic re quirements and regulations established for the Col lege and for classes. Upon admission to the College of Busines s and Administration or to the Graduate School of Business Administration, the student has the responsibility for conferring with the student ad visers in the College concerning an academic program . Appointments for academic advising can be made by calling 629-2605. Graduation Requirements The student alone is re s ponsible for the fulfillment of these requirements. Questions concerning gradua tion should be directed to the College of Busines s and Administration office (Room 512). The Bachelor of Science (Business) degree requires: 1. Total Credits. A total of 120 acceptable semester hours of credit, of which at least 51 hours must be in College of Business and Administration I 25 nonbusiness courses (including 9 hours of upper divi sion work) and at least 51 hours in business courses. The remaining 18 hours may be in either , or some combination of both. This credit cannot include remedial work, repetition of courses, courses failed, or activity physical education, recreation and dance courses. However , a maximum 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation, and/or dance may be used. Advanced ROTC work is acceptable only if the ROTC program is completed. All incomplete grades and correspondence course grades must be completed and recorded at the Office of Admissions and Records no later than four weeks prior to graduation. It is the student's responsibility to contact the instructor con cerning the removal of incomplete grades. A max imum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. 2. Residence . Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business, after admission to the College of Business and Administration , including 12 hours in the area of emphasis. Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus after the candidate has been admitted to the College are acceptable toward this requirement. 3. Grade Ave rage . Acceptable toward B.S. (Business) degree-2.0 for all University courses, 2.0 for all business courses and 2.0 for the specific 12 hours required for the student's area of emphasis. 4 . Graduation With Honors . Upon recommenda tion of the faculty of the College of Business , students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation. Please refer to the Honors Program under the Information About the College section. 5. Intent to Graduate Form . Students must file an Intent to Graduate Form and Diploma Card with the College of Business and Administration office prior to registering for the last semester. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to a student adviser, Room 512. 6 . Courses. Completion of all of the following re quired courses: Required Courses Semes ter Hour s Area of emphasis ... . . ................... ..... ..... ... .... 12 College algebra and calculus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Communication and composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Core requirements (basic courses in accounting , business law , business stati stics, business and society, data processing, marketing , finance, organi zation management, production a nd ope r ations management and business policy) ...................... 30 Electives Business . . . .............................. . . .......... 9 Nonbusiness (to include 9 hours of upper division work) . 15 Free electives (either business or nonbusiness electives) .. 18 General psychology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Introdu cto ry sociology or cultural anthropology . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Natural sc ience (astro-geo ph ys ics, biology, chemistry , physical geography, geologi cal sciences, and physics; applies as nonbusiness elective) . . . 3 Political sc ience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Principles of economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Total 120

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26 I University of Colorado at Denver Model Degree Program The following sequence of courses is a guide to registration. Freshman Year Semester Hour s Engl. 102 or 103. English Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C.T. 202 or 210. Communication Theory or Public Speaking . 3 Math. 107. Algebra for Social Science, and Business' . . . . . . . . 3 Math. 108. Calculus for Social Science, and Business' . . . . . . . 3 P .Sc i . 100. Introduction to Political Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P.Sci. 110. American National Government... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Soc. 100. In t roduction to Sociology ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 100. Introduction to Business or a business elective'... 3 Nonbusiness electives ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Natural science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 30 Sophomore Year Econ . 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (macro/micro) . . . 6 Psy . 203, 204. General Psychology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 B.Ad. 200. Busine ss Information and the Computer . . . . . . . . . 3 Q . M . 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct . 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Nonbusines s electives' .................................... __J! Junior Year Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 305. Basic Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. Introduction to Management and Organization. . 3 Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management........ 3 B.Law 300. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Business electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Nonbusines s electives ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Free electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 9 Total 30 Senior Year B.Ad . 411. Business and Society or B . Ad . 410. Business and Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Polic y o r B.Ad . 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area of emphasis ..... . ................................... 12 Business electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 3 Free electives ............................................ __J! Thtal Area of Emphasis Each candidate for the B.S. (Business) degree must complete the prescribed courses in an area of emphasis comprising 12 semester hours taken at the University of Colorado. Typically, students select an area of emphasis from those offered after taking several of the "core" courses. Then they take the hours required for their selected area . Available areas of emphasis are: Accounting Production and ope ration s Finance management Informati on science Public agency administration International bu s iness Real estate Marketing Small business management Minerals land management Transportation and traffic Organizati o n management management Personnel -human resources management Although only one area of emphasis will be listed on the student's official records, students so desiring may accomplish the effect of a dual area of emphasis by careful selection of courses . ACCOUNTING Accounting courses are offered in several fields of professional accountancy at the intermediate, ad vanced, and graduate levels. They provide prepara tion for practice in one or more of the following fields: Auditing Financial accounting Managerial accounting Tax accounting Data processing and control systems Teaching and research In all of these fields a thorough knowledge of the social, legal, economic, and political environment is needed . A high degree of analytical ability and com munication skill is indispensible. Courses in English composition, speech, ethics and logic are desirable. Courses in statistic and informa tion systems, beyond the required College of Business core courses, are highly recommended. The undergraduate area of emphasis in accounting consists of 12 hours beyond Acct. 200 and 202: Required Courses Semester Hours Acct . 322. Intermediate Financial Accounting I . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 323. Intermediate Financial Accounting II . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Accounting elective ....................................... ___1 Total 12 Students planning to pursue accounting as a career usually take more than the required 12 hours . Many students take a total of about 30 hours of accounting , often taking two courses each semester in their junior and senior years. Students should work closely with the accounting faculty in planning their accounting programs. Students planning to take the CPA examination should take 30 hours of accounting and also be well prepared in statistics, business law, finance, and economics. Graduate study in accounting is receiving increas ing emphasis by professional organizations and employers. Students meeting admission requirements should consider continuing their education at the graduate level. FINANCE The principal areas of study in finance are financial management, monetary policy, banking, investments, and insurance. Finance is intended to give an under standing of fundamental theory pertaining to finance and to develop ability to make practical applications of the principles and techniques of sound financial 'Math 107 and 3 hours of college level calculus. (M a th. 109 is recommended.) College algebra carries no degree credit and may not be used in lieu of Math. 107. Transfer stu dents will receive credit for courses that are equivalent to Math . 107. Three hours of col. lege level calculus ma y be substituted for Math. 108. 'SOc. 100 is recommended to meet the sociology requirement ; however, Soc . 104, 119,300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384, and Cultural Anthropology are acceptable . 1Applies as a business elective. This course i s recommended but not r equired. 1For compleLion of the B.S. (Business) degree requirement.s , the stude n t's program must include at least 9 semester hours in upper division , nonbusiness courses (300or 400-level) .

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management in business affairs. Every endeavor is made to train students to think logically about finan cial problems and to formulate sound financial deci sions and policies. Numerous opportunities are to be found with financial institutions and in the field of business finance. Emphasis is placed on financial policy, management, control, analysis and decision making. Acct. 202 is a prerequisite for this area. Requir e d Courses Semester Hours Fin . 401. Business Finance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 402. Business Finance II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 433. Investment and Portfolio Management . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recomm en d ed Elective Courses Fin . 440. International Financial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 434. Security Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 453. Bank Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es. 454. Real Estate Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ins . 484. Principles of Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 INFORMATION SCIENCE The information science area is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as profes sional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The student develops those technical skills and administrative insights required for the analysis of information systems, the design and implementation of systems, and the management of data processing operations. The emphasis is on management information systems-systems for the collection, organization, accessing, and analysis of in formation for the planning and control of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied ex tensively. The undergraduate area of emphasis consists of 12 hour s beyond B.Ad. 200, Q.M. 201, and I.S. 215. R equi r ed Core: (12 Hours ) Semester H ours I.S. 350. Database Information System s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S. 465. Systems Analysis and Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S . 470. Computerware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M . 330. Operations Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS In recent years, companies have completely reoriented their thinking, planning , and operations to capitalize on the opportunities offered in the world marketplace. Every phase of business operation is affected by this reorientation, and individuals who offer the appropriate skills, training, and orientation are in great demand. The program reflects the basic principle that effec tiveness in international business is based on a thorough training in business administration. The in ternational business program provides the opportunity to build on these skills. The student electing this area must complete 15 semester hours as follows: College of Business and Administration I 27 R equire d Cour ses Semeste r H ou r s Econ . 441. International Trade ( applie s as a non-business elective) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 440. International Bu s iness Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 440. International Financial Managemen t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr. Mg . 458. International Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 490. International Marke ti ng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Because of the availability of courses on the Denver campus, the requirements for this area may vary from those listed for the Boulder campus. Please see an academic adviser for course scheduling. A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements for the sec ond area can be included as part of the business and free elective hours . Foreign language skills are much sought after by business recruiters for this field. Other courses emphasizing international affairs may be elected from the following departments: anthro pology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Students in terested in this area may start their preparation by electing language and other liberal arts and sciences courses in their program. MARKETING Marketing is concerned with analyzing the market for a product or service, planning and developing that product, determining the most appropriate distribu tion channels, pricing the product , and promoting it. Today the administrative policies and practices of any well-managed firm should be marketing-oriented toward the consumer. The career opportunities in marketing reflect the business person's awareness of the importance of this field. Today many individuals are rising to top executive positions by the marketing route. There are more executive and other job opportunities for women in the marketing field than in any other single area outside teaching or secretarial work. One out of every four people gainfully employed in this country is in a marketing position. Career opportunities abound in personal selling, advertising, sales management , marketing research, retailing, wholesaling, marketing by manufacturers, international marketing, etc. R equi r e d Courses Semester Hour s Mk . 330. Marketing research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Marketing electives ( beyond Mk . 300) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 MINERALS LAND MANAGEMENT The curriculum in mineral s land management is designed to incorporate the primary course patterns of the College of Business and Adminis t ration along with certain field area preparation in geology, chemistry, economics, and land management. With this preparation , the graduate is a candidate for entry into employment as a Iandman, exploration trainee, lease broker, and other jobs related to the

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28/ University of Colorado at Denver minerals industry. Colorado is presently the head quarters for a wide assortment of resource-based com panies operating throughout the western United States and Canada. These companies need qualified employees and have helped in the preparation of the program. The four-year program will consist of all College of Business requirements and must include the following courses. No required courses (business or non busines _ s) may be taken pass/fail. ( Nonbusines s Courses Semester H ours Geol. 207-208. Physical Geology and Geophysics' . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Geology/Geography Option ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Chern. 101. General Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 . Business Courses' Acct. 202. Introduction to Managerial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es . 300. Principles of Real Estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3. A minimum of 12 hours for the major area is required as specified below: Required Courses (The following four courses) MI.Mg . 485. Minerals Landman Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ml.Mg . 495. Oil-Gas and Mineral Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 401. Business Finance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended Elective Courses R.Es. 430. Real Estate Appraisal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B. Law 412. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ. 453. Natural Resources Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ. 454. Environmental Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 Econ . 476. Government Regulation of Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ. 477, 478. Economic Devel opmentTheory and Problems I, II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT The organization management curriculum provides the foundation for a career in supervision and general management in a wide variety of organizations. It develops understanding and skill in management practice. The emphasis is on combining both the human resources and the appropriate operations technologies into productive organizations. R e quir ed Courses Semester Hour s (The following two courses) Or.Mg . 335. Managing Individual s and Work Groups........ 3 Or. Mg . 437. Managing Complex Organizations.............. 3 (At leas t one of the following) PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relation s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration : Employment . . . . . . . . . . 3 (At least one of the following ) Pr.Mg . 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control . 3 Tr.Mg . 450. Transportation Operation and Management . .... 3 Recommende d Electives in Addition to the Above PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social Issue s 3 PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development and Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg . 444. Work Design , Measurement and Productivity Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg . 447. Policy Analysis in Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management......... 3 B . Ad. 470. Small Business Management and Operati on . . . 3 PERSONNEL HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Personnel -human resources management offers opportunities for students to develop professional competence in the areas of personnel administration and labor relations. Students develop understanding and skill in developing and implementing personnel systems including recruitment , selection, evaluation, training, and motivation of employees, and union management relations. Required Course s Semester Hours (The following four courses) PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration : Employment . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 441. Personnel Admini stration: Planning, Development and Compen s ation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended Electives Or. Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups........ 3 Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations .............. 3 Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design , Measurement and Productivity Mgt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S . 350. Database and Information Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q . M. 300. Intermediate Statistics.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Soc. 305. Sociology of Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ . 461. Labor Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ps y. 485. Principles of Psychological Testing... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Psy . 487. Personality Assessment . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Production and operations management studies are designed to prepare students for careers as production manager, operations manager, management analyst, or systems analyst in such private sector organizations as manufacturing, banking, insurance, hospitals, and construction, as well as in a variety of municipal, state, and federal organizations. Production or operations managers may be charged with the design, implementation, operation, and maintenance of the production systems. Managerial activities could include forecasting demand , produc tion planning and inventory control, scheduling labor and equipment, job design and labor standards, quality control, purchasing, and facilities location and layout . The outlook for jobs in this area continues to be strong in the 1980s. This placement is aided by the student chapter of the American Production and 1Geol. 101 may be substitutA!d for Geol. 207. 1A minimum o f 7 h ours of the f o llowing geology o r geography courses. These may n ot be tak e n pass/faiL Geological D eve lopment of Col orado and the W est (Geol. _153:4). En vir onme ntal Geology (GeoL 370-3). Geohydrology _(Geol. 404-3). Pnnc1ples of Geom or ph ology (Geol. 463-4.) Intr od ucti o n to Geophys•cal Prospect!ng (Geol. 493-4). Mineral Re!ources a nd W o rld Affai rs (Geo L 494-3). Map Inte rpretati o n (Geog. 306-3 ). Geographi c Interpretati o n of Aerial Photos (Geog. 4 06-3). as busines s electives.

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Inven t or y Control Society and work intern programs provided to qualified studen t s. Participation in live case research and consulting projects with local organizations is usually an integral part of this course of study . Students whos e major areas of emphasis are infor mation s ystems, transportation management, or engineering will find the production management 400level cour s e s to be particularly well related to their course s of study. Requ i r ed Cour ses ( The f ollowing t h ree cou rs es) Pr. Mg. 440 . Produ ct i o n and Inventory Plann i ng an d Con tro l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 447. P olicy Anal ys i s and Pro duc t i o n a nd Operati o n s Manage m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.M g . 460. Purchasing and Mate rial s Manag e ment . . . . . . . . . 3 ( One of the following cour s es) Pr. Mg . 444. W o rk De s i g n , Mea s ur e m e n t, and Productivit y Man age m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q . M . 330. Opera t i o n s R esearc h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 3 I.S . 2 15. Info rm atio n S ys te ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk . 4 8 5 . Physical Distribu t i o n Managemen t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr. Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management..... 3 R ecommende d Elec t ives I.S . 350 . D a t a ba s e Inf ormat i o n S yst em s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or . Mg . 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. 437. Manag ing Co mple x Or g ani z ati o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 4 3 4 . La bo r and Employee R e la t i o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 438. P e r s onnel Adm i ni s trati o n : Employment . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 441. P e rsonn e l Adm i ni s trati on: Planning, De v elopment , and Co mpensa t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct . 332. Cost Accoun t ing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M . 300. Intermediate S t a t istic s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Students planning to take the APICS (American Production and Inventory Control Society) or NAPM (National Association for Purchasing Management) certification examinations should consult with an ad viser to determine which elective courses should be taken . PUBLIC AGENCY ADMINISTRATION Public agency admini stration is designed to prepare students for careers in management of governmental or other nonprofit s ervice organizations . The cur riculum in public agency administration provides the student with a foundation of core courses upon which to construct an area of emphasi s which will focus on the type of service organization the student desires to enter upon graduation. R e qu ire d Cour ses A cct. 480. Bu siness and G ove rnm e n t al Budgetin g and Con tro l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. P e rsonnel Administr a ti o n : Employment . . . . . . . . . . 3 O . Ad . 440 . Prin c iples of Office M anage ment.... . ......... . . 3 Q.M . 330 . Ope rati o n s Re s ear c h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 REAL ESTATE Real estate careers require knowledge of real estate investmen ts, urban land economics, real estate law , College of Business and Administration I 29 apprrusmg, finance, taxes, management, sales, and accounting. Real estate is one segment of the economy in which it is still possible for a person to be his/her own boss whether as a broker, appraiser, developer, syndicator or property manager . R e qu i r e d Cour ses (After completion of R.Es . 300) S e m este r H o ur s R.Es . 4 3 0 . Real E state Apprai s ing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es. 454. Real E stat e Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.E s. 401.U rban Land Anal ys i s or R.Es . 433. Real E state Inve stments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.E s . 473. Legal Aspects o f Real Es tate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 It is strongly recommended that any student plan ning to sit for the Colorado broker ' s examination take all six of the real estate courses. R ecommende d El ectives Acct. 441. Income Tax Acco unting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 In s . 484. Principles of In s urance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 455. M o ne t ary and Fi sc al Poli cy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 433. Inve stment and P ortfo li o Mana g emen t . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 310. Salesmanship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk . 320. Con s umer Beha v ior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk . 470. Sale s Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B .Ad. 452. Small Bu s ines s S t rategy, P o lic y, a nd Entrepreneur s hip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ar c h . En g . 240. Build ing Material s and Con s tructi o n . . . . . . . . 3 SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP Small business management studies provide under standing, knowledge, and skills in organizing and managing a small business. The emphasis is on the managerial aspects of the wide range of activities re quired of the entrepreneur. A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements of the second area can be included as part of business or free elec tives . Additional courses in management, finance, ac counting, and marketing should be planned in con sultation with the adviser to serve individual career needs. R e qu i r e d Courses Sem este r H o ur s B .Ad. 470. Small Business-Management and Operat i on . . . . 3 ( Two o r t hree o f the f ollo win g f o ur courses) Fin . 401. Business Finance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 A c c t . 332. C ost A c c o unting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Pers o nnel Admini s tration : Employment . . . . . . • . . . 3 Mk . 480. Marketing Polic ies and Strategies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R ecommende d El ectives (at l e a s t one o f the f ollow i ng) PHR. 4 3 4 . Labor and Emplo yee R e lati o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg . 440. P r oduc t i o n and Invent ory Planning and C o ntrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg . 447. P o lic y Anal ys i s in Pro du ct i o n and Operation s Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 4 5 0 . Transportati o n Operati o n a nd Management... . . 3 Pr. Mg. 460. Purchas ing and Material s Manag e ment........ . 3 Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 O . Ad. 440. Principles o f Offi c e Managemen t . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . 3 Fin. 402. Bu s iness Finance II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

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30 I University of Colorado at Denver TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT The curriculum in transportation management in cludes the role of transportation in society and the problems of traffic management within specific in dustries as well as the management of firms in the transportation industry, such as airlines, trucking firms, railroads, and urban transit firms. Inter national transportation management problems and policies are analyzed. One of the recommen ded elective courses may be substituted with consent of the adviser for one of the required courses if there is a schedule conflict, if the course in not available, or if a student demonstrates a career need for such a course. R equi r ed Courses Semester H ours (Any four of the following six courses) Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management..... 3 Tr.Mg. 452. Problems in Traffic Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 456. Air Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 457. Urban Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg . 458. International Trans portation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management................ 3 Recommended Electives PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration : Employment . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 451. Survey of Transportation: Law and Freight Claims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 470. Small Business-Management and Operation . . . . 3 COMBINED PROGRAMS fQ Numerous career opportunities exist for persons trained in both a specia lized field and management . For this reason, students may be interested in com bined programs of study leading to completion of degree requirements concurrently in two fields. Such combined programs have been arranged for engineer ing and business , pharmacy and business, and en vironmental design and business and may be ar ranged for other professional combinations as well. The two programs of study proceed concurrently , terminating together with the awarding of two degrees. Generally, at least five years will be needed for such combined programs. No substitutions areallowed in this program . Students desiring to transfer from combined programs to the College of Business must apply and will be considered as intrauniversity transfers. For students in combined programs, the require ments for the degree in business are as follows: 1. An application for admission to the combined program must be filed with the College of Business and approved by the deans of both colleges. Comple tion of at least 48 semester hours in business and economics , to include Econ. 201 and 202 (6 semester hours), required courses in business (30 semester hours), and a business area of emphasis (12 semester hours). 2. Completion of at least 30 of these semester hours at the University of Colorado while enrolled in t he College of Bu siness. 3. Completion of nonbusiness requirements in mathematics, communications, and the social and behavioral sciences in a degree program approved in advance by the College of Business. In addition, for some courses and areas of emphasis, there are prere quisite requirements which must be met. 4. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Students in a combined degree program are subject to all policies of the College of Business. 5. Any combined degree student who does not make reasonable progress toward the completion of the business degree requirements, as determined by the College of Business, may be dropped from the program. 6. The number of students accepted in any com bined program may be numerically limited and is dependent upon existing demand each semester. Shown below is the combined engineering-business program. For other combinations, students should consult with an academic adviser in the College of Business. The requirements for all combined business and engineering programs are as follows : Courses Econ . 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (should be completed during the student's Semester Hours sophomore or junior year) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 200. Business Information and the Computer . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M. 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 305. Basic Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. 300. Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Law 300. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B . Ad. 411. Bu si ness and Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy ................................................. 3 B .Ad. 452. Small business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Specified courses in area of emphasis in one of the following fields; accounting , information science, finance, international business, marketing , minerals land management, production and operations management organization management, personnel-human resources, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and traffic management. All work in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado, College of Business and Administration. Area of emphasis ........................................ _11 llial GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS Requirements for AdmissionMaster's Programs Admission to the master's programs will be deter mined by the following criteria:

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1. Applicant ' s academic record . 2. The applicant's scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). (This test is given four times each year at numerous centers throughout the world. For information and to make application for the test, write to the Educational Testing Service, P.O . Box 966, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 . ) In general, students failing to meet minimum stan dards are not admitted on a provisional status. Seniors in this University who have satisfied the un dergraduate residence requirements and who need not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet requirements for bachelor's degrees may be admitted to the Graduate School of Business Administration by special permission of the director of graduate studies. Completed applications, including GMAT scores, two official transcripts from each college attended, and a $20 nonrefundable application fee should be in the Office of Graduate Studies , Graduate School of Business Administration , University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 , by March 1 for summer admission, by April 1 for fall admission, and by October 1 for spring admission. Applications received after these dates will receive lower priority. BACKGROUND REQUIREMENTS Students applying for graduate programs in business do not need to have taken their un dergraduate degree in business. For those students the M.B.A. or M.S. degree programs provide a series of 3-semester-hour fundamental background courses. These include B.Ad. 501 (Accounting), B.Ad. 502 (Statistics); B.Ad. 503 (Marketing), B . Ad. 504 (Management and Organization); B.Ad. 505 (Finance); B.Ad. 506 (Business Law), B.Ad. 507 (Management Science) , and Econ . 201 and 202 (Macro and Micro Economics) or Econ. 300 (Ac celerated Principles of Economics). In addition, all graduate students are required to take either B .Ad. 500 (Sources of Information and Research Methods-1 semester hour) or pass a qualifying ex amination. These fundamental courses do not carry graduate credit nor may they be used to satisfy re quirements for the bachelor's degree in business . They are open only to admitted graduate students. Graduate students possessing an undergraduate degree in business must be prepared to present the following acceptable course work in order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental course: Intr o du c tion to Acc o untin g S t a t istics Prin c ipl es o f Marketin g In t rodu c ti o n to Managemen t and Organi z a tio n Financ e Busine ss Law Operati o ns Research Se mest e r H o ur s 6 (Financial/ 3 3 3 3 3 Managerial) By qualifying exam only' College of Business and Administration I 31 Principle s of Economics 6 ( Macro/Micro) o r 3 (acceler a t e d eco n o mi cs; must includ e M a cr o/ Micro) Remedial work is required of all applicants accepted for the M . B .A . and M.S. programs who do not have the mathematical and programming s kills. General Information-Master's Program s The M.B . A . program is a two-year curriculum with the possibility of waiver, for properly prepared stu dents, of all or part of the first year . The student must request course exemption and should be prepared to support the request for waiver . Up to 25 credit hours (First Year Program) of course work ma y be waived . Advising. All graduate students should report first to the student adviser in the Graduate School of Business Administration office for the purpose of ascertaining deficiencies and principal field of in terest. The division heads of each area serve a s faculty advisers. During the first term of residence , each student should prepare a degree plan. This plan , with ap propriate signatures , should be filed in t he Office of Graduate Studies . Qualifying Examination . Satisfactory performance on the Graduate Management Admission Test and admission into a master's program with the status of a regular degree student will constitute the qualifying examination for graduate study. Cour s e Load. The normal course load for graduate students is 12-15 semester hours . Minimum Hours Required . A candidate for a master's degree in business must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate work plus any deficiencies. A maximum of 6 semester hours of graduate work can be transferred from another AACSB accredited master' s program. Comprehensive Examination . A comprehen s ive ex amination is not required for students pursuing the Master of Business Administration degree program. Each candidate for a Master of Science or Ma ster of Business Education degree is required to take a com prehensive final examination after the other require ments for the degree have been met. This examination is given near the end of the candidate 's last s emester of residence. Students must be registered when they take this examination. Comprehensive examinations are given in November, April , and July. Students must file an Application for Admission to Candidacy with the Office of Graduate Studies during the fir s t month of the final term of their res idency. Minimum Grad e-Point Average. A minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 must be achieved in courses taken after the student' s admis sion to the graduate program . If the student' s cumulative grade point average falls below 3.0, he or she will be placed on academic probation and given one regular semester (summer terms ex c luded ) in 'Students e n tering a n y of the graduate programs are required to take either B.Ad. 502 Busi n ess Statistics) or to pass satisfactorily a qualifying examination covermg t h1s sub j ec t m atte r .

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32 I University of Colorado at Denver which to achieve the required 3.0 cumulative average. Failure to achieve the required average within the al lotted time period will result in dismissal. Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D , may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be ac cepted for the removal of deficiencies. A graduate stu dent may repeat once a course for which he or she has received a grade of C, D, or F. Both the original grade and the grade for the repeated course count in the computation of the grade-point average. To earn a grade of W (with drawal) in a course, a graduate student must be earning a grade of Cor bet ter in that course. Students will not be permitted to withdraw from courses after the tenth week of the semester. An IF (incomplete) will be automatically converted to an F after one academic year. Time Limit. All 30 semester hours of graduate work, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years or six succes sive summers. Candidates for the master's degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable con tinuity. Master of Business Administration The Master of Business Administration program is devoted to the concepts, analytical tools, and com munication skills required for competent and respon sible administration. The administration of an enterprise is viewed in its entirety and within its social, political, and economic environment. In addition to the background requirements for a master's degree listed above, the candidate for the M.B.A. degree must complete the specific require ments of the M.B.A. curriculum (30 semester hours) as follows: Core Requirements Semester Hours a . Functional Courses One course is required from each of the following groups: Fin . 601 or Mk. 600; Pr.Mg. 640 (Logistics), or I.S. 645. Candidates with either marketing or finance undergraduate majors shall not take the corresponding functional course to fulfill this requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 b. Business and Its Environment Business , Government , and Society (B.Ad . 610) . . . . . . . . . 3 c. Analysis and Control Business and Economic Analysis (B.Ad. 615) . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Administrative Controls (B.Ad. 640) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 d. Human Factors Organizational Behavior (B.Ad. 640) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 e . Planning and Policy Administrative Policy (B.Ad. 650) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area of Emphasis .... . ...... ....... ...... . . . ............. _j! Total 30 Areas of emphasis include accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources manage ment, production and operations management, and transportation and traffic management. For students taking an area of emphasis in ac counting, Acct. 322, 323 and 332 or their equivalents are prerequisites for all graduate-level accounting courses. Acct. 533 is substituted for B.Ad. 620. Acct. 628 and two other graduate-level accounting courses are required in the area of emphasis. It is strongly recommended that accounting students take Fin. 601 as one of their functional courses. Requirements for an area of emphasis in finance are Fin. 601, 602 and either Fin. 633 or 655. Requirements for an area of emphasis in marketing are Mk. 600, 605 and one additional graduate marketing course. Candidates pursuing the area of emphasis in management science must elect either a decision science option or an information science option. Those electing the decision science option will be required to take Mg.Sc. 601, 602 and Q.M. 620. Those electing the information science option will be required to take I.S. 645, 650 and either I.S. 565 or I.S. 570. Students taking other areas of emphasis shoul d consult the head of the division concerning the re quirements . No thesis is required in the M.B.A program. In the total program there must be a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate course work and a minimum of 24 semester hours of course work at the 600 level. Independent study is normally not accep table for credit in the final 30 semester hours of the M.B.A. program. Master of Science The Master of Science degree affords opportunity for specialization and depth of training within a par ticular major field and a related minor field. MAJOR FIELDS For detailed information concerning requirements and recommended programs for each of the major fields, students should consult the division heads of the following areas: Accounting, Finance, Manage ment Science, Marketing, and Management and Organization. Call 629-2605 for division head's name and telephone number. With the approval of the student's adviser and the director of graduate studies, minor fields may be chosen from business subjects or from other graduate depar tme nts. Fields available in the College of Business for selec tion as a minor are: Accounting Finance Management science Marketing Organization management Personnel-human resources management Production and operations management Real estate Transportation and traffic management The minimum requirements for the M.S. degree, after all undergraduate background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan II. The student's degree program shou ld be approved in ad vance by the advisory committee and the director of graduate studies.

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Plan I. The requirement is 30 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. A minimum of 21 semester hours of credit is required of all candidates and, including the thesis, must be earned in a major field. A minimum of three courses, normally 9 semester hours but not fewer than 6, must be completed in a minor field. A minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level. Plan II. A minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work must be met in both a ma jor and a minor field. No thesis is required. Of the 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work , a minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level. All M.S. students must pass written comprehensive examinations covering major and minor fields. The candidate's committee may require an oral final com prehensive examination subsequent to the written ex amination. Minors Without Majors In Fields of Business Graduate students majoring in other divisions of the University may elect as a minor some field of study within the College of Business and Administra tion. Acceptable fields are: College of Business and Administration I 33 Accounting Finance Management scie nce Marketing Organization management Personnel human resources management Production and operations management Transportation and traffic management The student must complete two preparatory fun damentals courses , or their equivalents , as back ground preparation in the particular field. These two courses will be selected in consultation with a College of Business and Administration adviser. Validation of background preparation may be required through ex amination, either written or oral, or both. To complete a minor at the graduate level in one of the fields within the college, the student must present not fewer than two graduate courses, and not fewer than 6 semester hours at the 500 or 600 level. Courses taken to apply on a minor must form a logical se quence or unit and should be approved in advance by a representative of the subject field from which the courses are selected . Doctor of Business Administration Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for information regarding the Doc tor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) program.

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School of Education Gerald W. Lundquist, Associate Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL UCD offers undergraduate and graduate programs to prepare teachers and other educational workers. The education of school personnel has long been a recognized responsibility of the University. No program of studies involves the coordination of more scholastic disciplines than does the education of teachers. None is more fundamental , more signifi cant, more far-reaching, or more enduring in its impact on society. The teacher education program, both undergraduate and graduate, is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education. Membership also is held in the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education . Students interested in pursuing a program of studies leading to initial teacher certification should consult the School of Education office. Those desiring to pursue graduate program s or to take courses as graduate students s hould con sult the Graduate School section of this bulletin . All application forms for School of Education programs are available in t he s chool office , located at 1100 14th St.; telephone 629-2717 . TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM The Teacher Certification Program is designed to prepare elementary and secondary teachers for urban school settings through academic work , professional studies , classroom teaching experiences , community field experiences, and urban s tudies courses. Graduate and undergraduate teacher certification programs are available at UCD in elementary educa tion and in secondary education in the fields of com munication and theatre, English , German, French, Spanish, mathematics, science, and social studies. Undergraduate students must fulfill all degree requirements of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. For students who already have a B.A., B.S., or advanced degree it i s possible to obtain teacher cer tification only or to work toward an advanced degree in education while obtaining Colorado teacher cer tification. Student Candidates 1. Juniors and s enior s who are working on a B.A. degree. 2. Persons who already have B.A., B.S., or ad vanced degrees, but who do not have teaching cer tificates. The Program FrnST SEMESTER (FALL) S e m este r H o ur s T.Ed. 406/506. F o unda t i o n s o f American Educ ation' . . . . . . . . . 3 T . Ed . 413/5 13. General Educati o n a l P syc h ology' . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 T.Ed. 4 3 6 /536. Teaching Reading in U rban Sc hools' . . . . . . . . . 3 T .Ed. 473/573 . The City as a Cultural Laboratory........... 2 T . Ed . 420/520. M e dia in Educ a tion . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 3 Time Commitme n t fo r Field E x p erie n ces: T . Ed. 406/506. Two hour s per week in Denve r Public Sch o ols T .Ed. 413/5 13. Two hours per week in Den v e r Public School s T . Ed . 4 3 6 /536. Two h ours per week in Den v er Public School s If the student elect s t o take t he s e c ourse s o u t of s equence , s u c h as T.Ed. 406/506 the first s emester and T.Ed. 4 1 3/5 1 3 and 436/ 5 3 6 the following fall , the time c ommitment will be a minimum o f four hour s per week each s eme s ter . City a s a Cultural Laboratory: T o be offer e d f all s emester in the form o f individualized field e x perience s in t h e city of Denver . Semin a r s will be held durin g t he s eme ste r to process t he experience s . K-12 : T . Ed. 4 3 6 /53 6 and T .Ed. 4 1 3/5 1 3 will be of fered with one sec tion designated with an elementary emphasi s and one section with an emphasi s o n seco nd a r y as p ects. All other courses will main t ain the K-1 2 perspe c tive . SECOND SEMESTER (SPRI N G) Se m es t e r H o ur s Special M etho ds: a. For elementary certification: T .Ed. 415/515. Basic Elementary Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 b. For secondary certification : Discipline-area methods course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 T.Ed. 475/5 75. School-Ba s ed Field Experi e nce (S econdar y) . . 2 6 h o ur s per week in Den v er Publi c School s T.Ed. 475/575. Scho o l-Ba s ed Fi e ld Experien c e ( Elementar y) . 4 1 2 h o ur s per week in Denver Public School s T .Ed. 412/5 1 2 . Devel opment, Communi catio n , and Gr oup Proce ss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Full time inv o lvement in S c hool o f Educati o n f or elementar ylevel students during sec o nd seme s ter of program. S U MMER S E S IO N (OPT I ONAL E NROLLMENT) Thi s additional s emes t er ma y b e nece ss ar y for some students to complete pr o gram requiremen ts durin g a t w o-yea r period . 1A fie l d exper i e n ce co mpon ent is an integral part. o f each of these co u rses.

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1. Student teaching (T.Ed. 470/570, T.Ed. 471/571, T . Ed. T . Ed . 440/540). 2. Academic work in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. 3. Elective courses in the School of Education also may be taken during the summer terms . THIRD SEMESTER (FALL) Semester Hours Elementary certification : (Involves an 8-week full-time student teaching assignment, concurrent seminar.) T.Ed. 470/570. Student Teaching-Elementary School . . . . . . . . 8 T . Ed . 439/539. Seminar in Elementary Student Teaching.. . . 1 T.Ed. 408/508. Methods and Materials for Teaching the Exceptional Student. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Secondary certification : T.Ed. 471/571. Student Teaching-Secondary School (8 weeks full time or 16 weeks half-time assignment) 8 T .E d . 440/540. Seminar in Secondary Student Teaching . . . . . 1 T.Ed. 408/508 . Methods and Materials for Teaching the Exceptional Student . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 FOURTH SEMESTER (SPRING) T.Ed. 414/514. Seminar: Urban Education, Bilingual/ Multicultural Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Admission Procedures A check list which outlines the steps necessary for admission into the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Education office. Students should obtain and follow the procedures as listed. For further information contact the School of Education, 1100 14th St. 629-2717. A comprehensive handbook School of Education I 35 describing the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Auraria Bookstore. Rehabilitation Services Program The School of Education offers a two-year program in rehabilitation services to juniors and seniors, focus ing strongly on the recruitment and training of minorities. Students entering the program must have completed 60 semester hours by September of the year for which application is made and should consult with the School of Education regarding entrance re quirements. The program leads to a B.S . degree, but not a teaching certificate. The program combines didactic and experiential facets of rehabilitation counseling. Trainees spend a minimum of two days per week working in settings such as drug and alcohol treatment centers, juvenile probation, and rehabilitation service agencies. The program requires 30 hours of core curriculum courses during the junior and senior years . Applications of admission to the Rehabilitation Services Program are accepted each year until July 31. Graduate Programs Refer to the Graduate School section of this bulletin for information regarding graduate programs in education . ....

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College of Engineering and Applied Science Paul E. Bartlett, Associate Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROFESSION Through engineering the resources of nature are used for the benefit of humanity and the environment. Engineers today are expected not only to be competent planners and designers of technical systems, but significant contributors to the betterment of their en vironment in the social and humanistic sense as well. Engineering professional societies have committed themselves to the principle that, as mankind gains the ability to build more powerful machines and more useful devices , there must be a strong and successful effort to protect natural resources and the environ ment. An engineering career demands hard work, and so does an engineering education. In return engineers have excellent opportunities to work in various places, meet new challenges, or move upward in manage ment. The engineer is generally well paid and usually in demand; in the rare times when there is a surplus of certain kinds of engineers , individuals usually have little difficulty finding attractive opportunities in other fields. Currently, registration is required in all states for the legal right to practice professional engineering. Although there are variations in the state laws, graduation from an accredited curriculum in engineering, subscription to a code of ethics, and four yea rs of qualifying experience are required. In addi tion, two days of examinations covering the engineer ing sciences and the applicant's practical experience are required in most states. Those who cannot qualify for registration are expected to work under ex perienced registered engineers. A listing of the fields in which engineers work would have many hundreds of entries. The following list by departments gives only a brief summary. The aerospace engi neering sciences prepare engineers for an industry that encompasses the design and construction of both commercial and military air craft and the development and fabrication of space vehicle s. Advances in this technology have permitted the industry to enter also the fields of urban mass transit, undersea exploration, bioengineering, nuclear engineering, laser technology, and many other emerg ing high technology fields. An aerospace engineer often works at the forefront of engineering with scien tists in the fields of mathematics, physics , chemistry, biology, etc. Applied mathematics meets the need of modern research, which is dependent upon advanced mathematical concepts. Almost all concerns that are engaged in industrial and scientific research today need applied mathematicians , as do organizations in volved in computational work, statistical analysis or stochastics. ' Architectural engineering prepares students for careers in the building industry and for research at the graduate level on building-related topics. This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer . The architectural engineering curriculum is recom mended for those wishing to specialize within the building industry in engineering design , construction and contracting, or sales engineering . The architec tural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering. Chemical engineers convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products in facilities that in clude refineries and gasification plan ts. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering-oils, metals, glass, plastics , rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages , synthetic and natural fibers , nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others. The department has recently revised and upgraded its bioengineering/premedical engineering program. It is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also working hard on energy problems and is stressing in its instructional program problems of energy conversion. Civil engineering offers an interesting and challeng ing career to the student interested in the design and construction of building s, bridges, dams, aqueducts , and other structures; in transportation systems in cluding highways, canals , pipelines , airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and the control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use , in dustry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction and contracting in dustry; and in the problems concerned with man's physical environment and the growth of cities.

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Electrical engineering offers professional pos sibilities that include teaching and research in a un iversity; research in development of new electrical or electronic devices , instruments, or products; design of equipment or systems; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or govern ment; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government. There are numerous specialties within electrical engineering. Among them are the design of computer interfaces and computer software; electromagnetic fields, which are basic to radio, television, and related systems; communication theory and signal processing; electrical machinery; solid-state, integrated-circuit, and electron devices, energy and power, control systems and others. The electrical engineering and computer science program is designed to provide entrance into the profession for students who wish to work in computer engineering. This includes design and construction of efficient software systems as well as an introduction to hardware design. Present interest is in the application of microprocessors . The engineering physicist works where new kinds of engineering are being born, or where many fields are being used jointly . General knowledge of the diverse fields of physics provides the ability to deal with in dustrial problems that cannot be solved by a stan dardized procedure in a specialized field. The training prepares the student for a career in physics where there are many and varied opportunities in develop ment work and industrial research. It is also basic for graduate work in physics and for specialized training in research. Mechanical engineering is very broad in scope, not identified with or restricted to a particular tech nology, vehicle, device, or system but instead is con cerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively. The objective of the undergraduate program is to prepare the student to meet and an ticipate change, and to work with technologies as yet unknown. Typical starting assignments for the graduating senior include positions with oil, construc tion, and automotive industries. INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE B.S. Degree The College of Engineering and Applied Science of fers at UCD complete four-year programs leading to the B.S. degree in civil engineering, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. A number of the courses leading to the B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, and engineering physics also are offered at UCD. The course requirements during the freshman year are essentially the same throughout the College of Engineering and Applied Science . About two-thirds of the sophomore year is common to all, and the remainder of the courses begin to point College of Engineering and Applied Science I 37 to the various fields of engineering taught; real specialization begins, however, in the junior year and carrries on through the senior year. A fifth year of study leading to the master's degree is strongly urged for students of more than usual ability who feel they can profit from additional study. Those in this category are likely to achieve greater ultimate success in the engineering profession. At UCD it is also possible for a student to obtain a bachelor's degree in engineering and a bachelor's degree in business in five years plus one or two sum mer terms. Any of the engineering degree programs can be modified for an excellent premedical program. If liberal arts students elect certain courses in science, mathematics, and engineering as undergraduates, they may earn an engineering degree in four semesters after graduation from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. M.S. Degree At the graduate level, UCD offers degree programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. For information regarding courses and require ments leading to the Master of Engineering , Master of Science, or to the Ph.D. degree, see the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog and the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Summer Courses Summer term courses are planned for regular stu dents who must clear deficiencies and for transfer stu dents. Courses also are offered for high school graduates who wish to enter as freshmen and for those who need to remove subject deficiencies. For informa tion about courses, students should write to the as sociate dean of the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science, UCD, for the Schedule of Summer Courses . For many students there are several advantages in starting their college careers during the summer term. Some required freshman and sophomore courses are normally offered at UCD during the summer. Generally, the summer classes are smaller than regular academic-year classes, which means that stu dents can get more individual attention. The summer term gives students a head start and enables them to take a lighter load during the fall semester or take ad ditional courses to enrich their program. Scholarships, Fellowships, and Loan Funds Money contributed to the University Development Foundation for assistance to engineering students is deposited in appropriate accounts and used according to the restrictions imposed by the donors. Numerous industries match employee contributions. A list of companies contributing to scholarships and fel lowships and different loan funds available can be ob tained from the associate dean's office.

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38 I University of Colorado at Denver Student Organizations The following honorary engineering societies have active student chapters in the College of Engineering and Applied Science: Chi Ep s ilon , civil and architectural fraternity Eta Kappa Nu, electrical engineering society Tau Beta Pi , engineering society Student chapters of the following professional societies are well established at UCD: American Society of Civil Engineers Association for Computing Machinery Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Society of Women Engineers The f ollowing societies have chapters on the Boulder Campus; however, UCD students are eligible for membership : American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics American Institute of Chemical Engineers American Society of Mechanical Engineers Societ y of Industrial and Applied Mathematics Thes e societies meet frequently to present papers, speakers , films, and other programs of technical in terest. A general student organization, known as the Associated Engineering Students, of which all stu dents in the College are members, has supervision of matters of interest to the whole group. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION The prospective engineering student needs to be able to work hard, should enjoy mathematics , and should have a keen interest in science and i t s methods. Sound curiosity about the principle s governing the behavior of forces and materials and the ability to visualize structures and machines are neces sary prerequisites. The ability to express ideas in both written and spoken form is of primary importance. In order to enroll, the student must meet the admis sion requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the admission requirements described in the General Information section of t his bulletin. S t udents who have been out of high school for two or more years may petition the College for ad mission . Persons of sufficient maturity and experience who do not meet the prescribed requirements for ad mission may be admitted upon approval of the as sociate dean. Beginning students in engineering should be prepared t o start analytic geometry calculus. No credit toward a degree will be given for algebra or t rigonometry (courses will be offered to allow a stu dent to make up deficiencies). Any student who ques tions t he adequacy of his or her precollege background i n mathematics should see the applied mathematics coordinator for suggestions. A diagnostic test covering precalculus mathematics will be available, prior to registration, to assist new freshmen in selecting the appropriate beginning mathematics course. To be prepared for the type of mathematics courses that will be taught, the student must be competent in the basic ideas and skills of ordinary algebra, geometry , and plane trigonometry. These include such topics as the fundamental operations with algebraic expressions , exponents and radicals, frac tions, simple factoring , solution of linear and quadratic equations, graphical representation , simple systems of equations, complex numbers, the binomial theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, logari t hms, the trigonometric functions and their use in triangle solving and simple applications, and the standard theorems of geometry, including some solid geometry. It is estimated that it will usuall y take seven semesters to cover this material adequately in high school. It is recommended that students t ake at least two units of a foreign language. FRES HM EN High S c hool Subje cts R equi r e d for Admiss i o n ' Engli s h (lit erature , compos i tion , grammar ) Mathema tics dis t ributed as foll o w s : Algebra Geometry Addi t ional mathematics Natural sciences (ph y sics and c hemistry rec o mmended) Social studies and humanities (Foreign language s and addi tio nal uni ts of English, hi s t ory, and literature are included ) Elective s' T ot al Former Students Required Unit s' 4 2 1 1 2 3 _L 16 Former students must meet the requirements out lined in the General Information section of this bul letin . Records made at collegiate institutions while the student was a member of the armed forces will not necessarily be a determining factor in a student's readmission to the University of Colorado , but all such records should be submitted . Students who have withdrawn must obtain permission of the a sso ciate , dean to re-enroll in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Students who interrupt their course of study may be required to take any preparatory courses which have been added during their absence or to repeat courses in which their preparation is thought to be weak . Transfer Students Students transferring from other accredited col legiate institutions may be considered for admission • A p pli cants not meet i ng t h ese requireme n ts will b e co n s id ered on an indi vidual basis. A stu de n t who is not prepared should expect to m a k e up deficiencies. 1A unit of wor k in h i g h sc hool is defined as a course cover i n g a school year of not fewer tha n 3 6 weeks , wit h fiv e p erio d s of a t least 40 mi n u tes p e r w eek. (Two periods o f man ua l t rain in g, d o m est i c sc i e n ce, draw i ng, or laboratory w ork are equivale n t to o ne p e r io d of c la ss r oo m work.) Thi s i s equiv a l e n t to 1 80 act ual p eriods pe r unit. Fractio n a l c r e d its of va lue less tha n oneha lf unit w ill not be acce p ted . Not le ss t han one unit of w o rk will be a c cept ed in a for e ign language, elemen t ary algebra, geometry, p h ysics, chemistry, o r biology. ' Ele ctives may be c h ose n from a n y of the high sc hool s u b j ects (except p h ysical educat i o n ) whic h are accepte d b y a n acc r edited sc hool f o r its dipl o m a and whic h meet the stan dards as d efined by t h e North Ce ntral Associatio n . H owe v e r , n ot mo r e t han two units w ill b e con side r ed from drawing , s h op, or other vocat i o nal work; courses t hat h ave descript i v e geo m etry fea tures m ay be co n side r ed for elective units beyond the recommended units.

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on an individual basis if they meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin and the freshman requirements for entering the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Intrauniversity transfers within the same campus of the University to the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science will be considered on an individual basis if both of the following conditions are fullfilled . 1. Enrollment limitations permit. 2 . The student' s prior academic record fulfills the admissions requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Intercampus transfers of students from one campus of the University to another will be considered on an individual basis if the following conditions are fulfil led: 1. Enrollment limitations permit. 2 . The student has a minimum of 30 hours in an engineering curriculum at that campus, not counting transfer hours. 3 . If an engineering student, the student is in good academic standing with at least a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average for all courses attempted and for all courses that count toward graduation require ments. If not an engineering student, the student's academic record has all that fulfills the admission re quirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Some course sequences should be completed before transferring to another campus; therefore, it is strongly recommended that students who contemplate transferring campuses see their department adviser prior to initiating the transfer request. Both intrauniversity and intercampus transfers are subject to review by a faculty committee which eval uates the applicant's qualifications for academic success in engineering subjects. TRANSFER CREDIT After a prospective transfer student has made ap plication and submitted transcripts to the University of Colorado, the Office of Admissions and Records is sues a Statement of Advanced Standing (currently Form 382) listing those courses that are acceptable by University standards for transfer. A copy of this statement is received by the associate dean's office at the time the student is admitted by the Office of Admis sions and Records and is made a part of the permanent record. The appropriate engineering faculty departmental representative will use this copy of the form to indicate which of those credits listed may be acceptable toward the 136hour graduation requirement in the College of Engineering and Applied Science and note the tentative acceptance of these credits b y dating and initialing each acceptable course listed on the Statement of Advanced Standing. The student will be notified that the acceptance is tentative and is contingent upon satisfactory comple tion of a minimum of 30 seme ster hours at the Univer sity of Colorado before the credits may be officially College of Engineering and Applied Science I 39 applied toward the degree requirements. It is the responsibilit y of transfer students, after having com pleted the 30 semester credit hours at the University of Colorado, to request final validation of the credits by their department and to have this validation noted on the Statement of Advanced Standing kept in the associate dean's office . If at any time a student wishes to have a course not previously accepted considered again for transfer, the student should consult with the departmental trans fer adviser and complete a petition to the associate dean through the department chairman. All transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses . NONTRANSFERABLE CREDITS Students desiring to transfer credits from engineer ing technology programs should note that such credits are accepted only upon the submission of evidence that the work involved was fully equivalent to that offered in this College. There are technology courses given w ith titles and textbooks identical to those of some engineering courses. These may still not be equivalent to engineer ing courses because of emphasis that is nonmathematical or otherwise divergent . In order to assist engineering technology students with transfer problems, the following guidelines have been established: Courses on basic subjects such as mathematics, physics, literature , or history may be acceptable for direct transfer of credit if they were taught as part of an accredited program for all students and were not specifically designated for technology students. Students who have taken technology courses (courses with technology designations) that may be valid equivalents for engineering courses have these options: 1. They may petition faculty advisers to waive the course. The requirement for a course can be waived if students demonstrate that, by previous course work, individual study , or work experience they have acquired the background and training normally provided by the course. No credit is given toward graduation for a waived course, but strong students may benefit from the waiver by being able to include more advanced work later in their curriculum. Other students may profit by taking the course at this Col lege instead and thus establish a fully sound bas is for what follows. 2. Credit for a course may be given if the course work was done at an accredited institution of higher education. The University of Colorado department in volved may recommend that credit be transferred to count toward the requirements for a related course in its curriculum . Credit cannot be given for vocational technical or remedial course s under rules of the Uni versity. (See section on transfer of college-level credit in the General Information section of this bulletin . ) 3 . Students may s eek credi t for t h e course by examinat ion .

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40 I University of Colorado at Denver ACADEMIC POLICIES Refer to the General Information section ofthis bul letin for descriptions of University-wide policies. The following policies apply specifically to the Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science. Advanced Placement Advanced placement credit may be granted by special examination of the department involved or by College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) tests. If the applicant has scored 4 or 5 on the CEEB Ad vanced Placement Examination, credit toward graduation may be awarded. Students who have scored 3 may be considered for advanced placement by the department concerned. All advanced place ment and transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses , in ac cordance with standard transfer policies of the Col lege. Advanced placement credit for the freshman mathematics courses in calculus will be limited to not more than 4 hours each. Equivalent mathematics courses from other colleges are usually accepted at full value. Attendance Regulations Successful work in the College of Engineering and Applied Science is dependent upon regular atten dance in all classes. Students who are unavoidably absent should make arrangements with instructors to make up the work missed . Students who, for illness or other good reason, miss a final examination must notify the instructor or the associate dean's office no later than the end of the day on which the examina tion is given. Failure to do so will result in an Fin the course. Changing Departments Students who wish to change to another depart ment within the College of Engineering and Applied Science must apply for transfer by submitting a Change of Major For Undergraduate Degree Students form which must have the approval of both depart ments concerned and the associate dean. College-Level Examination (CLEP) Credit Prospective students may earn college-level credit through the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) subject examinations, provided that they score at the 67th percentile or above. Departments will advise students of the credits accepted for such courses . The number of credits so earned must be within the limits of the number of elective hours of the individual department. A list of subjects in which CLEP examination credit will be accepted may be ob tained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science office. The currently approved list includes 23 subjects in the fields of computing, business, science, mathematics, the humanities, and social sciences. (See also College-Level Examination Program in the General Information section of this bulletin.) (CLEP general examinations are not acceptable.) Counseling Freshman students are counseled by the associate dean 's office and by representatives from each academic department. These representatives are readily available to assist students with academic, vocational, or personal concerns. Students are assigned specific departmental ad visers for academic planning and should consult with the departmental chairman or designated represen tative for assignment. Course Load Polley Full-time Students. Undergraduate students employed less than 10 hours per week should register for the regular work as outlined in the departmental curricula. Additional courses may be allowed when there is satisfactory evidence that these extra courses can be taken profitably and creditably. Permission to take more than 21 hours or fewer than 12 hours may be granted only after written petition to the associate dean. The petition must carry the approval of the departmental faculty adviser. Employed Students. Suggested maximum course loads for undergraduate students employed 10 or more hours per week are as follows: Employed 40 or more hours per week-two courses (maximum of9 semeste r hours) Employed 30 to 39 hours per week-three courses (maximum of 12 semester hours) Employed 20 to 29 hours per week-four courses (maximum of 15 semester hours) Employed 10 to 19 hours per week-five courses (maximum of 18 semester hours) Freshman Year Fundamentals taught in the freshman year are of prime importance in the more advanced classes, and every effort is made to register a beginning freshman in the proper courses. (Course requirements for freshmen are detailed within the curriculum given un der each department.) All freshmen are urged to consult their instructors whenever they need help in their assignments. Repetition of Courses A student may not register for credit in a course in which he already has received a grade of Cor better. When a student takes a course for credit more than once, all grades are used in determining the grade point average. An F grade in a required course neces sitates a subsequent satisfactory completion of the course. Students may not register for credit in any course which they have previously enrolled in and completed for NC (no credit). Work Experience It is the policy of the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science that any credits accrued in the official

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records of the student that were awarded for work ex perience (or for Cooperative Education experience) will not apply as part of the 136 semester hours re quired for an engineering degree. Polley on Academic Progress The following is a statement of the Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. An overall average of 2.0 or better, in hours taken at the University of Colorado toward graduation require ments , is necessary to remain in good standing in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Grades earned at another institution are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado. However, grades earned in another school or college within the University of Colorado will be used in determining the student's scholastic standing and progress toward the bachelor of science degree in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Students whose overall average falls below 2.0 will be placed on probation for the next semester in which they are enrolled in the College and will be so notified. If, after that semester the student's average is still below 2 .0, the student will be suspended from the Col lege. The following is additional information and in terpretation of the policy: 1. Students who have been suspended are sus pended indefinitely and may not enroll at any Univer sity of Colorado campus during any regular academic year , September through May, but may enroll in sum mer sessions or Vacation College and/or may take cor respondence courses for credit through the Division of Continuing Education. 2. Students who have been suspended may apply for readmission if they bring their overall average up to a 2.0 through summer session, Vacation College, and/or correspondence work applying to engineering degree requirements as approved by a member of the Academic Progress Committee. 3. A student, upon satisfactorily completing at another college or university a minimum of 12 semester hours of work appropriate to an engineering curriculum subsequent to suspension, may apply for readmission as a transfer student. 4. Applicants for readmission to the of Colorado cannot be assured readmission. 5. During a probation semester the student must complete a normal load, i.e., 12 hours or more (for a full-time student) of courses counting toward gradua tion requirements . Physical education courses do not count; if the student has previously completed 6 hours of ROTC courses, ROTC courses do not count; if 24 hours of social-humanistic subjects have been com pleted, social-humanistic subjects do not count. 6 . Students who have been on probation or suspen sion at any time in the past will automatically be suspended if their overall average again falls below a 2.0. Details of the probationary and suspension status and of the conditions for return to good academic College of Engineering and Applied Science I 41 standing will be stipulated in the letters of probation and suspension. Information regarding these matters may be obtained in the Office of the Associate Dean, Room 402. Grading System, Incomplete&, Pass/Fail and Drop/ Add Procedures See the General Information section of this bulletin for the University of Colorado uniform grading system and for additional pass/fail information and drop/add procedures. Also see the current Schedule of Cour s es . GRADING SYSTEM It is particularly important to note that in the Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science courses to be counted toward fulfilling the 136-hour graduation re quirement cannot be taken no credit (NC) . Once a course has been taken for no credit, the course cannot be repeated for credit. INCOMPLETES An incomplete may be given by the instructor for circumstances beyond the student's control, such as a documented medical or personal emergency. When it is given, the student, the associate dean ' s office, and the departmental office are informed, in writing, by the instructor what the student is to do in order to remove the incomplete and when the tasks are to be completed. The instructor may assign only the 1/F grade. The student is expected to complete the course requirements, e.g., the final examination, term paper, within the established deadline and not to retake the entire course. The grade will be converted auto matically to a grade of F after one year unless the specified work is completed. PASS/FAIL The primary purpose for offering courses on a pass/ fail grade basis is to encourage students, especially juniors and seniors, to broaden their educational ex perience by electing challenging courses without serious risk to their academic records. In general pass/fail should be limited to 300or 400-level courses. Below are specific pass/fail regulations for the College of Engineering and Applied Science. 1. A maximum of 16 pass/fail hours may be in cluded in a student's total program. A maximum of 6 hours may be taken in one semester, but it is recom mended that not more than one course at a time be taken pass/fail. 2. Courses that a student may elect to take pass/ fail shall be designated and approved in advance by the student' s major department. If courses not so designated are taken, the earned grade will be recorded in place of the P or F grade. An engineering student who has not designated a major field will not be allowed the pass/fail option without approval through the associate dean's office . 3. A transfer student may count toward graduation one credit hour of pass/fail for each 9 credit hours completed in the College; however, the maximum

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42 I University of Colorado at Denver number of pass/fail hours counting toward graduation shall not exceed 16, including courses taken in the Honors Program under that program's pass/fail grading system . 4. Students on academic probation should not enroll for pass/fail courses. DROP/ADD Only under very extenuating circumstances will. petitions for dropping courses be considered after the tenth week of the semester. S equence o f Courses Full-time students should complete the courses in the department in which they are registered according to the curriculum show n under their major department in this bulletin. (Part-time students may need to modify the order of courses with adviser approval.) Any course in which there is a failure should, upon the first recurrence of such course, take precedence over other courses; however, each student must be registered so that departmental requirements will be completed with the least possible delay. Students who do not earn a grade of Cor better in a course that is prerequisite to another may not register for the succeeding course unless they have the permis sion of both the department and the instructor of the succeeding course. Students may enroll for as much as 50 percent of their courses in work that is not a part of the prescribed curricula of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, provided they have at least a 2 . 0 grade average in all college work attempted. Excep tions to this policy may be made by petition and ma y be made for students taking the engineering-business program . Graduation With Hon ors In recognition of high scholastic and professional at t ainments , Honors or Special Honors , (at the discre tion of the Engineering Honors and Recognition Com mi t tee) will be awarded at graduation. These honors will be recorded on the diplomas of the graduates receiving them and indicated in the commencemen t program. Social-Humanistic Content o f the E ngineering Curricul u m The faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science requires that 24 semester hours should be considered the minimum of social-humanistic content of t he degree-granting departments. A minimum of 6 hours of literature is required. Six hours of social-humanistic subjects should be taken in the junior year and 6 in the senior year . These subjects should be taken from the following categories, wit h not fewer than 6 hours from category 2 below. 1. Literature (including foreign literature either in t he original or in translation). 2 . Economics, sociology, political science , history , and anthropology. 3. Fine arts and music (critical or historical). Up to a maximum of 6 hours of communication skills ( e . g., English composition, technical writing , public speaking, elementary foreign languages) may be substituted for 6 hours of the social-humanistic requirement. Alternatively, such courses may be coun te d as technical electives. Courses in business subjects such as accounting, contracts, and management should be used as technical electives where ap plicable. (Elective courses are to be coordinated with the faculty adviser.) Qualified students will be permitted to take ap propriate honors courses as substitutes for social humanistic courses . Qualified students should also explore the Honors in Humanities Program, which is offered by the Divi sion of Arts and Humanities in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . PLANNING AN ENGINEERING PROGRAM It is the responsibilit y of students t o be sure they have fulfilled all the requirements , to file the intended date of graduation in the departmental office at the close of the third year, to fill out a Diploma Card at registration at the beginning of the last semester, and to keep the departmental adviser and the associate dean ' s office informed of any changes in the students' plans throughout the last year. In order to become eligible for one of the bachelor ' s degrees in the College of Engineering and Applied Science , a s t udent, in addition to being in good standing in the University , must meet the following minimum requirements: Cour ses. The satisfactory completion of the prescribed and elective work in any curriculum as determined by the appropriate department. Hours. A minimum of 136 hours, of which the last 30 shall be earned after matriculation and admission as a degree student in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU is required for students in the four-year curricula; however, many students may need t o present more than the minimum hours because of certain departmental requirements and because they may have enrolled in courses which do not carry full credit toward a degree. The hours re quired (or students in the business and engineering program vary by departments; as a guide, 166 semes t er hours are considered a minimum, but most students follow programs that bring the total above this figure. Grade Average. A minimum grade-point average of 2 . 0 (C) for all courses attempted and ( separately com puted ) for all required courses. A department may re quire a minimum grade of C in all major courses. Facul ty Recommendation . The recommendation of the faculty of the department offering the degree and the recommendation of the faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. lnc ompletes and Correspondence Courses . It is the student's responsibility to insure that all incompletes and correspondence courses are officially completed

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before the tenth week of the student's final semester in school. Simultaneous Conferring of Degrees. For business and engineering students, the degree B.S. in business and the degree B.S. in engineering must be conferred at the same commencement. Commencement Exercises. Commencement exer cises usually are held in May. Students finishing in December and August may attend commencement the following May or receive diplomas by mail. English for Engineering Communications skills are essential for every professional person and are particularly so for the engineer. Most engineering departments require one of the following series of courses. It is not mandatory but is preferable that the courses be taken sequen tially as shown. These courses are intended to develop the student's writing ability and to allow a close analysis of significant works of world literature in translation and in English originals. The following combinations are recommended: (1) Engl. 258, 259, 260, 261; or (b) Engl. 258, 259, and the following two introductory courses: Engl. 120 (Introduction to Fiction), Engl. 130 (Introduction to Drama and Poetry). Students who achieve a B average in two of the following English courses (120, 130, 258, and 259) may take immediately thereafter any literature courses listed by the Department of English. No social-humanistic credit will be given for courses dealing with English as a foreign language. Students having questions about the English require ment should see their departmental adviser. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES In addition to the standard four year degree pro grams previously listed, the College is involved in the following programs. Business and Engineering Curricula Undergraduates in the College of Engineering and Applied Science with career interests in administra tion may complete all of the requirements for both a B.S. degree in engineering and a B.S. degree in business by extending their study programs to five years, including one or two summer terms. The 48 semester credits required in the College of Business and Administration may be started in the second, third, or fourth year, depending upon the curricular plan for the particular field of engineering in which the student is enrolled . It is also possible for qualified graduates (GPA: 3.0 or better) to complete the requirements for a master's degree in business within one year after receiving the baccalaureate degree in engineering. Before deciding upon the business option, a student should carefully consider, in consultation with departmental advisers, the relative advantages of the combined B.S. business-engineering curricula, the degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration, and College of Engineering and Applied Science I 43 the M.S. degree program in the student's own engineering discipline. B . S . business and B.S. engineering programs are available for students in aerospace engineering sciences, applied mathematics, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and com puter science , engineering physics, and mechanical engineering. Students taking these undergraduate programs are not required to submit formal application for admis sion to the College of Business. However, before enrol ling in any business courses, the student must see an adviser from the College of Business. Requirements for the undergraduate business degree and engineering degree must be completed concurrently. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Not fewer than 30 semester credits in business courses must be earned to establish residency credit . Courses offered by the College of Business may be used in lieu of electives required for undergraduate engineering degrees, subject to the ap proval of the individual department. The business requirements for this program are as follows: Cour se s S emes ter H o urs Econ . 201 and 202. Principles of Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 (Should be completed during the student's sophomore year or junior year.) Acct . 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 200. Business Information and the Computer . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M . 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk . 300. Principles of Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 305 . Basic Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 300 . Production and Operations Management . ....... 3 Or . Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Law 300 . Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 410. Business and Government; or B.Ad. 411. Business and Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy . . . . . . . . . . 3 Courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields ; ac counting , finance , information science, international business , marketing, minerals land management, organization management , personnel-human resources management, production and opera tions management, public agency administration, real estate , small business management , or transportation and traffic management . All course work in the area of emphasis must be taken in the University of Colorado College of Business and Administration....)1 The student should note that for some courses, and for some areas of emphasis, there are prerequisites which must be met. Since some of the courses may be taken as engineering electives, it is possible to obtain the two degrees in as few as 166 semester hours; however, most students will require more. Joint Engineering Degrees A student may obtain two engineering degrees by meeting the requirements and obtaining the approval of both departments concerned. Thirty hours of elec tive or required subjects in addition to the largest

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44 I University of Colorado at Denver minimum number required by either of the two departments must be completed. Premedlclne Option A professional school in a field such as medicine re quires a student to have a college education prior to pursuing its professional courses. In practically all cases, medical students are university graduates, although occasionally a student may enter medical school after three years of university training. A stu dent can prepare for medical school either in the Col lege of Liberal Arts and Sciences or in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The desirability of obtaining an engineering education prior to undertak ing a study of medicine is increasing continually, as medicine itself is evolving. A great deal of additional equipment , most of it electronic, is being developed to assist the medical practitioner in treatment of patients. Bioengineering, engineering systems analysis , probability , and communication theory are highly applicable to medical problems. Improved communication techniques also are allowing the storage and retrieval of information not previously available to the medical doctor . An advanced knowledge of basic mathematics and computing techniques, along with increased understanding of physical chemistry, are improving the scientific base upon which medical knowledge rests. It is therefore desirable that the medical practitioner and researcher in the future be well equipped with the tools which engineering can offer. To provide at least a minimum of the necessary knowledge, the additional courses listed below are prescribed and must be completed with superior grades. General overall requirements for entry into most medical schools are given. Students can meet these requirements by careful substitution of electives in the engineering curriculum. In some cases where additional hours may be required, interested students should consult with the engineering department chairman. General chemistry (103-106) . . . . . . . . . . . 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.) Organic chemistry (341, 342, 343, 344) . 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.) General biology (205-206) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 sem. (8 sem. hrs.) English composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 sem. (3 sem. hrs.) To prepare for a career in medicine in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, it is strongly recommended that the student follow a full four-year college course (with the equivalent of at least 136 semester hours) and earn a B.S. degree. The Admissions Committee of the University of Colorado School of Medicine welcomes inquiries and visits from prospective students, particularly at the time of their first interest in medicine as their chosen profession. Students desiring to enter a premedical program should consult the representative of the department involved . At UCD, premedical advising is available through the Health Careers Advisory Committee, Science Bldg., Room 218. GRADUATE STUDY IN ENGINEERING The College of Engineering and Applied Science at UCD offers programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineer ing, and applied mathematics. For information regarding courses and require ments leading to the degrees Master of Engineering and Master of Science or to the Ph.D. degree, see the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog and the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Education for Employed Professional Engineers Continuing education for employed engineers grows more important each year. Therefore, the College puts great emphasis upon making graduate courses available through night and televised courses. A new degree, the Master of Engineering, permits graduate students more flexibility in defining specialized inter disciplinary fields that meet their professional needs. This degree has standards fully equivalent to those of the Master of Science degree. In addition to credit course work, the College works jointly with the Division of Continuing Education to offer noncredit courses of interest to practicing engineers . Concurrent B.S. and M.S. Degree Program in Engineering Students who plan to continue in the Graduate School after completing the requirements for the B.S. degree may apply for admission to the concurrent degree program through their department early in the second semester of their junior year (after completion of at least 84 semester hours). Requirements are the same as for the two degrees taken separately: 136 credit hours for the B.S. degree and 24 hours plus thesis (Plan I) or 30 credit hours (Plan II) for the M.S. degree. Social-humanistic requirements must be com pleted within the first 136 credit hours. A 3.0 grade point average for all work attempted t hrough the first six semesters (at least 96 credit hours) and written recommendations from at least two major-field faculty members are required. The purpose of the concurrent degree program is to allow the student who qualifies for graduate study and expects to continue for an advanced degree to plan his graduate program from the beginning of the senior year rather than from the first year of graduate study. The student can then reach the degree of proficiency required to begin research at an earlier time, and can make better and fuller use of courses offered in alter nate years. Student will be assigned faculty advisers to help them dEJvelop the program best suited to their par ticular interests. Those in the program will be en couraged to pursue independent study on research problems or in areas of specialization where no formal courses are offered. A liberal substitution policy will be followed for courses normally required in the last year of the undergraduate curriculum. The program

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selected must be planned so that the student may qualify for the B.S. degree after completing the credit hour requirements for the degree if the student so elects, or if the student's grade-point average falls below the 3.0 required to remain in the program. In this case, all hours completed with a passing grade while in the program will count toward fulfilling the normal requirements for the B.S. degree. There will be no credit given toward a graduate degree for courses applied to the B .S. degree requirements; however, students are still eligible to apply for admis s i on to the Graduate School under the rules set forth in the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Nor mally, however , the student will apply for admission to the Graduate School when at least 130 of the 136 credit hours required for the B.S. degree have been completed, and will be awarded the B.S. and M.S. d egrees simultaneously upon meeting the require ments set forth for the concurrent degree program. Graduate Work in Business Undergraduates in engineering who intend to pur sue graduate study in business may complete some of the business background requirements as electives in their undergraduate programs . Seniors in engineering who have such intention s and appear likely to qualify for admission to graduate study in business may be permitted to register for any of the graduate fun damentals courses which are designed to provide qualified students with needed background prepara tion in business . Students should see an adviser from t h e College of Business for approval. AEROSPACE ENGINEERING SCIENCE S The primary objective of the aerospace engineering sciences curriculum is to provide sound general train ing in subjects fundamental to the practice of and r esearch in this branch of engineering sciences. The major part of the first three years is devoted to the study of mathematics, physics , mechanics, chemistry, and the humanities . The fourth year is devoted to the professional courses in the fields of physics of flt?ds (fluid dynamics); propulsion and energy converswn; flight dynamics, control, and guidance; space system analysis; materials and structural mechanics; space environment; and bioengineering. Planning of graduate study for students having suf ficie n t ability and interest should begin by the start of t h e junior year. Such a plan should consider the foreign language requirements of appropriate graduate schools, and an advanced mathematics program included in technical electives consisting of Math. 431-432 and Math. 481 or 443. The minimum total number of semester hours for the B.S. degree is 136. Students who wish to obtain a B . S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences and B.S. degree in business are advised to consider obtain ing the B.S. degree in aerospace and the M.S . degree in business rather than two B.S . degrees. Business courses may not be substituted for technical electives in the aerospace curriculum. College of Engineering and Applied Science I 45 Transfer to Boulder The complete aerospace engineering sciences program is not available at UCD. T h erefore, stu d ents wishing to complete this program should plan on transferring to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of the junior yea r . Students shoul d com plete a minimum of 30 hours including the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics before transferring to the Boulder campus. The compl ete curric ul um, d egree requirements, an d descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Curriculum for B.S. (Aerospace Engineering Sciences) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engl. 258. Great Books I (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (se e note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern . 103. General Chemistry (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern Engineering (or C.E. 130) ......................... ................ __1 Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Engl. 259. Great Books II (see note 1)... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social-humanistic elective (see note 2) ............ ......... ___1 Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill .............. 4 E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing ......... . .... ........ 3 C . E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I ............. . ........... . . 3 Engl. 260. Great Book s III (see note 1) ... ....... . ........... 3 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab . II .................... ..... _J_ Total 18 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C.E . 311. Analytical Mechanics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics.................... ........... 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved physics elective ............. ................... . ___1 Total 16 Notes for B .S. (Aerospace Engineering) 1. For other options in English, see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin. 2. Students may take electives pass/fail, subject to the regula tions of the College of Engineering and Applied Science . 3 . Ch.E. 210 may be substituted.

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46 I University of Colorado at Denver APPLIED MATHEMATICS Charles I. Sherrill Ill, Coordinator The Division of Natural and Physical Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers all courses in mathematics, both required and elective, for undergraduate and graduate students in the Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science . Three curricula leading to the degree B.S. (A.Math.) are offered. In Option I, the student takes a minor in a specific engineering department, satisfying an adviser from that department. In Option II, the student takes distributed course work in engineering departments, including a solid grounding in mechanics , electronics, and materials. (This option is intended for the above average student.) Option Ill is a joint mathematics computer science program. Regardless of the option chosen, each student is expected to complete a minimum of 45 semester hours of course work in mathematics beginning with Math. 140. Modern industrial and scientific research is so dependent on advanced mathematical concepts that applied mathematicians are needed today by almost all concerns which are engaged in such research. The undergraduate curriculum is designed to give training in mathematics and in engineering and science. The use of numerical methods and electronic computers is included. Nontechnical electives should be broadening and have cultural value. Courses in the humanities and the social sciences are required. Students interested in research should take a foreign language as early as possible. Beginning language courses are normally considered technical electives but may count toward the social-humanistic electives. Some 300and 400levellanguage courses may be counted. Under all cir cumstances, a student must plan a complete program and obtain the approval of a departmental adviser at the beginning of the sophomore year. The B . S. degree in applied mathematics requires t he completion of a minimum of 136 credit hours of course work with an average grade of Cor better (a 2.0 grade-point average) and a grade of C or better in all mathematics courses. Course work in the social humanistic elective area must be approved by the stu dent 's adviser. Curriculum for B.S. (Applied Mathematics) FRESHMANYEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ............... 4 C h ern. 103. General Chemistry ............................. 5 Engl. 258. Great Books I (see note 1) ....................... 3 E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing ..................... ..:....E_ Total 15 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .............. 4 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ............................ 2 Engl. 259. Great Books I (see note 1) ....................... 3 Phys. 231. General Physics I ............................... 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I .......................... 1 Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5) ...................... ..:....E. Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ......... ..... 4 Engl. 260. Great Books ill (see note 1) ...................... 3 Phys . 233. General Physics II ...........................•... 4 Phys . 234. General Physics Lab. II .......................... 1 Approved elective (see no tes 3 and 5) ...................... ..:.... Total 18 Spring Semester Engl. 261. Great Books IV (see note 1) ...................... 3 Math. 300. Introduction to Abstract Mathematics ............ 3 Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equat ions and Linear Algebra ........................................ 4 Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5) ..................... Total 18 J UNIOR YEAR Fall Semester Math. 431. Advanced Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 3 01. Thermodynamics....................... ........ 3 Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5) ...........•.....•... ..JE. Total 18 Spring Semester Math. 481. Introduction to Probability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved electives (se e notes 3 and 5) ............. ..... . . . __1_ SENIOR Y EAR Fall Semester Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5) ..............•...... 17 Spring Semester Approved electives (see no tes 3 and 5) . . ...... . . . .......... 15 Requirements under each option are as follows: Option I Semester H o ur s Specialty in a specific engineering department . . . . . . . . . . . 18-30 Technic al electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-22 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-30 Required social-humanistic electives (see note 2) ............ 12 (Electives shou ld i nclude Math. 432) Option II Distributed engineering courses in the engineering college . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-30 ( A minimal program would consist of the following courses C.E. 212, C.E. 311, E.E. 213, E.E. 313, E . E. 314 , M . E . 301 , M .E . 383 or C.E. 331 or their equivalents . Technical electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-22 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-30 Required social-humanistic electives (see note 2) ............ 12 (Electives should include Math. 432 .) Option III Specific courses required under Option ill: E.E. 257 (C.S. 257) ....................................... . 3 E.E. 455 ........................................•......... 3 E.E. 401 (C.S. 401) ........................................ 3 E.E. 453 (C.S. 453) ........................................ 3 E.E. 459 (C.S. 459) ........................................ 3

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E . E. 458 and E. E. 460 . ................................. ... 2 Math. 311 . . . . . . . ........................... . ........... . . 3 Math. 465 ... . . . ....... . ........... ..................... . . 3 Math. 466 ................ . ...... . . ....................... 3 Technical electives ............... ...................... 6-23 Other electives ......... . . .................. ........... 11-30 Required social-humanistic electives (see note 2) . . . ......... 12 Notes for B.S. {Applied Mathematics) 1. For other options in English, see the English listings in t he Course Description section of this bulletin. 2. Students may take social-humanisti c electives pass / fail , sub ject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. 3 . A minimum of 10 approved courses in mathematics beyond 140, 241, 242, and 302 is required of all students majoring in applied mathematics . 4 . Math. 101, 111, 112, and 113 do not count toward the B.S . (A. Math. ) degree or any other B.S. degree in engineering . 5 . In addition to E.E. 210, Engr . 101 and Engr. 301, the student must take a minimum of 18 hours of approved elective engineering courses excluding chemistry , mathematics , and physics courses . Furthermore, the student who does not have a strong interest in ap plications of mathematics to engineering is encouraged to consider a major in mathematics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING John R. Mays, Coordinator The architectural engineering curriculum is ad ministered at the Boulder Campus by the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering of the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science. Its purpose is to prepare a student for a career in the building industry and for graduate-level research on building-related topics. The building in dustry is the largest single industry in the United States and includes many diverse skills and fields of knowledge. This course of study fulfills the academic require ments for registration as a professional engineer. The architectural engineering curriculum is recom mended for those wishing to specialize (within the building industry) in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineer ing, environmental engineering, or structural engineering. Specialization in construction is for students plan ning a career in contracting and building construc tion. This program involves courses in construction management, planning and scheduling techniques, cost accounting, estimating and pricing, building materials, and construction methods. Students interested in environmental engineering may concentrate their efforts in the fields of illumination and electrical systems design, heatingventilating-air conditioning systems design, sanita tion and water supply , or acoustics. The third area of specialization is for those in terested in the design of structural systems for buildings. Courses available are structural analysis; indeterminate structures; and steel, concrete, and timber design. College of Engineering and Applied Science I 47 The five-year course leading to a B.S. degree in architectural engineering and a B.S. degree in business offers opportunity to complement the architectural engineering background with study in one of the major areas of business administration, such as personnel and business management, marketing, and finance. TRANSFER TO BOULDER Approximately one-half of the architectural engineering program is available at UCD under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering. Stu dents wishing to complete the architectural engineer ing program should plan to transfer to the Boulder Campus at the start of the junior year, but at that time must have completed at least 30 semester hours at UCD. Students should complete the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics before transferring to the Boulder Campus. The complete curriculum and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog . Curriculum for B.S. {Architectural Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall S e mester S e mest e r Hour s Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I .......... ..... 4 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing .... ......... ............... 2 Literature elective (see note 1) ...... . ...................... 3 E.E. 201. Introduction to Computing (or E . E . 210) ........... 3 C . E . 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering ............. . . ... 2 Social-humanistic elective .... .... . ....................... Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .............. 4 Literature elective (see note 1) ... . . . . . . . ................... 3 Arch . E . 102. Descriptive Geometry (see note 4) ......... . ... 2 Phys . 231, General Physics I ........... ................ . ... 4 Phys . 232. General Physics Lab. I .......................... 1 Ch . E. 210. Chemical and Physical Properties of Materials (see note 3) .... ........ ..................... _,_1 Total 18 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ...... . ....... 4 Phys . 233. General Physics II . .......... ......... ........... 4 Phys . 234. General Physics Lab . II ............ .............. 1 C . E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I . . . ........................ 3 Specialt y requirement: structures and construction majors take C . E . 221; environmental majors take Arch .E. 362 (see note 4) .............................. Total 15 Spring Seme s t e r Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra ................. . . . ......... . . . . . . . 4 Arch.E . 240. Building Materials and Construction ( see note 4) ........................................... 3

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48 I University of Colorado at Denver C . E . 3 12. Mechanics of Materials . . . . . . . . ........... ........ 3 C.E. 314. Materials Testing Lab . (not required o f environmen t al majors) ............. . ................... 2 Basic science elective (see note 2) .......................... 3 Soci al humanistic elective . . . ........ . . . . . ................. -.:.J Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Architectural Engineering) 1. Great Books series recommended; see the English listing s in the Course Description section of this bulletin . 2 . Depar t mental approval required . 3. Ch ern. 1 03-5 may be substituted for Ch . E . 2104 , in which c a se t he techni c al elective requiremen t is reduced b y one credi t h o ur . 4 . Arch. E . 102, 240 and 362 are normally not a v ailable at UC D . An advi s er approved junior or senior course may b e moved ahead . CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Meeting the crisis in oil and energy, depolluting the water and air, producing new and better materials to replace those that are limited or scarce-these are jobs in which one will find the chemical engineer. Chemical plants (including refineries and gasifica tion plants) convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering-oils, metals, glass, plastic, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, syn thetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others. The department, located at the Boulder Campus , is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical pro cesses. It is also working hard on energy problems and is stressing problems of energy conversion in its in structional program. Many essentials of life originate in chemical engineering. Recycling of wastes and resources is not a new idea in chemical engineering but a long standing principle. Since the earth now is perceived as a self renewing system, intelligent generalization of the recycle theory to the entire cycle of natural resources is a challange and opportunity for chemical engineers . Cleaning up pollution from chemical plants and from other sources is largely a chemical engineering problem. The chemical engineer efficiently uses and conserves natural resources to create valuable end products and to preserve environmental values. Thus, chemical engineering continually changes and progresses. The Department of Chemical Engineering at the Boulder Campus therefore helps students to prepare to be immediately valuable to in dustry and eventually to lead future developments in industry and research. Whether they plan to go into industry or on to graduate work, students are urged to watch , understand, and enjoy the sparkle and in terplay of new ideas and new technologies . Transfer to Boulder The complete chemical engineering program is not available at UCD. Therefore, students wishing to complete t his program should plan to transfer to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of their junior year . UCD students must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours and should complete the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics, physics, and organic chemistry at UCD before transferring to the Boulder Campus. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the Univers i t y of Colorado at Boulder Catalog . Curriculum for B.S. (Chemical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program : FRES HMAN Y EAR Fall Se m e s ter S e m e s te r H o urs Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculu s I .......... ... .. 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry ............................. 5 Engl. 258. Great Books (see note 1) . ..................... . . . 3 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing . ........................... 2 CH . E . 130. Int roduct ion to C hemical Engine ering (see note 2 ) . ........................................ . _,__g Total 1 6 Sprin g Se mester Math . 2 41. Analytic Geomet ry and Cal c ulu s ll .............. 4 Chern . 106. General Chemi s try .................... . ........ 5 Engl. 259. Great Books ll ( see note 1 ) ....................... 3 E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing ........ ............ . . 3 Social humanistic elective . ....... .... ............ ......... -.:.J llial S OPHOMORE Y EAR Fall Se mest e r Ma t h . 242. Analytic Geome try and Calculu s Ill .............. 4 Phys. 231. General Phy s ics I ............................... 4 Ph ys. 232 . General Physics L a b . I ............... . .......... 1 Engl. 260. Great Books Ill ( see note 1 ) ...................... 3 C hern . 341. Organic Chemistr y ............................. 3 Chern . 343. Organic Chemistry Lab . I ......... .... ........ . Total 16 Sprin g Se m este r Math. 302. Elementar y Differential Equa tio n s and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Ph y s . 233. General Physics II ............................. . . 4 Engl. 2 61. Great Books IV (see note 1 ) ...................... 3 Ch ern. 342. Organic Chemistry ............................. 3 Ch ern. 344. Organic Chemi stry Lab. ll ...................... 1 C h . E . 2 12. C hemical Engineering Material an d Energy Balances (see note 3) ......................... . -.:.J Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Chemical Engineering) 1. For o ther English option s, see t he English listing s in t he Course D es cription section of t his bulle t in. 2. Or C.E . 130 or E . E . 130. 3. Studen ts should arrange t o take C h . E . 212 concurren tly in Boulder during the spring seme s ter of t heir so phomore year o r it ma y de l a y graduation by a year . CIVIL AND URBAN ENGINEERING Martin L . Moody , Chairman Civil engineering is generally the broadest field of engineering studied in American universities t oday.

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Civil engineering offers an interesting and highly chal lenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals , pipe lines, air ports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the con trol of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction industry; and in general in the rapidly expanding problems con cerned with man's physical environment and the growth of cities. Furthermore, students educated in civil engineering frequently find rewarding employ ment in other fields: for example, in aerospace struc tures, electric power generation, city planning, the process industries, industrial engineering, business management and law or medicine (after appropriate education in law or medical school). The breadth of the civil and urban engineering undergraduate pro gram provides an excellent educational background for many fields of endeavor. The curriculum is designed to give the student a broad knowledge of the basic engineering sciences of chemistry, mathematics (including differential equa tions), physics, mechanics (including fluid mechanics and soil mechanics), electrical circuits, and ther modynamics. In addition, it includes a mininum of 24 semester hours in social-humanistic studies. Specialized training is achieved through certain re quired courses, followed by more advanced civil engineering electives. By proper selection of these electives the senior student who wishes to specialize may emphasize any of the four major areas of civil engineering: structures, water resources, transporta tion, or geotechnical engineering. A five-year program has been arranged for students who wish to pursue a B.S. degree in civil engineering and a B.S. degree in business. A student interested in a premedical option should consult with an adviser and the department chairman at the earliest possible time in order to make proper plans for an acceptable program. See Premedical Option . Curriculum for B.S. (Civil Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester S e m e ster Hour s Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculu s I . . . . ........... 4 Literature elective (see note 1) ............................. 3 E.E . 201. Introduction to Computing . ...... . ................ 3 C.E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering .......... . ....... 2 C.E. 221. Plane Surveying ............................... . . 3 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing .................. ......... ..:..1 Total 17 Spring Semester Math 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Chern . 103. General Chemistry (or Ch.E . 210) ............ . 4-5 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 49 Literature elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 231. General Physics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys . 232. General Physics Lab. I .............. ........... _1 Total 16-17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III .. ........ .... 4 Phys . 233. General Physics II ............................... 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Social-humanistic elective ..................... ............. 3 C.E . 212. Analytical Mechanics I .......................... Total 15 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Social-humanistic elective ............ . . .......... . . . . ... ... 3 Basic science elective (see note 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 C. E. 312. Mechanics of Materials ....... . ........... . . . ..... 3 Technical elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E. 314. Materials testing laboratory ......... . ........... . ..:..1 Total 16-17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Seme s ter C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II .......................... 3 C.E. 331. Theoretical Fluid Mechanics ... . . . ................ 3 C.E. 350. Structural Analysis .... .............. ......... .... 3 C . E. 380. Soils and Foundation Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C.E . 315. Water Quality Laboratory (or C.E. 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics) ..... . . .................... 2 Social-humanistic elective ..... . ............... ......... 3 Total 17 Spring Semester C.E. 332. Applied Fluid Mechanics ... . .......... ........... 3 C.E . 360. Transportation Engineering ... . . . .... . . . . . ....... . 3 C .E. 457. Design of Steel Structures (see note 4) ............. 3 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics ........ . . .................. . ... 3 C.E . 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics (or C.E. 315. Water Quality Laboratory) . ........ . .............. . 2 Social-humanistic elective ........ . ........................ Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester Geol. 207. Physical Geology I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C.E. 458. Reinforced Concrete Design (see note 4) .......... . 3 Civil engineering elective (see note 2) ........... . ........... 5 Social-humanistic elective ......... ......................... 3 C . E . 460. Highway Engineering ............................ Total 18 Spring Semester C.E. 341. Sanitary Engineering ........ . .... . . . ............. 3 Civil engineering electives (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E. 213. Circuit Analysis I ............................... . 4 Social-humanistic elective ....... .................. ......... 3 Technical elective ... . . . ...... .... . ...... . . ....... . ........ 3 Engineering science elective (see note 3) ................. . . Total 19 Notes for B.S. (Civil Engineering) 1. Courses from Great Books series recommended: see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin . 2. Civil engineering electives shall be chosen to form an in tegrated program , subject to the approval of the department.

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50 I University of Colorado at Denver 3. Engineering science electives shall be taken from the list of courses approved by the Department of Civil and Urban Engineer ing . 4. A C . E . elective may be substituted for either (one only) C.E. 457 or 458. 5. If a 3-, 4-or 5-credit course is used, the excess may be used as either a technical or engineering science elective. COMPUTER SCIENCE Computer science undergraduate and graduate courses are offered by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Mathematics Department of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as service courses for other disciplines, as courses in the CLAS distributed studies major, or as part of the curriculum for the degrees B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, B.A. in mathematics (computer option), B.S. in applied mathematics (computer option), and M.S. in com puter science. For further descriptions of these programs, see the information under College of Liberal Arts and Science, Graduate School, or the paragraphs on Applied Mathematics and Electrical and Computer Engineering in this section of the bul letin. For information on the B.S. in E. E. and C.S. and on the M.S. in computer science, call the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 629-2872. ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING William D. Murray, Chairman The professional possibilities in electrical engineer ing include teaching and research in a university; research and development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; design or operations in the electrical power industry; and sales or manage ment for a private firm or branch of government. The electrical engineering course of study at UCD begins with principles of physics, chemistry, and mathematics. An early, intensive training in the theory and laboratory application of electrical cir cuits, electromagnetic and transmission theory, electrical machines and transformers, heat, and mechanics. Many students find an opportunity to put their knowledge to work with jobs in industry or research projects being conducted at the University. Throughout the entire course of study, they reinforce their understanding of the theory in well-equipped laboratories. Students are encouraged to develop interests out side of their electrical engineering specialty, thus providing themselves with a well-rounded background and a sense of awareness and responsibility for their later role in society. They are urged to attend meetings of their student professional society, where practicing engineers from many engineering specialties speak of their experiences. The areas of specialization that electrical engineer ing students may enter upon graduation are so numerous it is impossible for the undergraduate train ing to cover them in detail. Intense specialization may be left to possible additional training graduates may receive when they assume positions with industrial firms, or acquired by specialization in a research field through graduate work beyond the bachelor's degree. Students who have earned a B average or better in their undergraduate work and who have elected courses in their senior year that strengthen par ticularly their mathematical background may decide to undertake graduate study. The curriculum in electrical engineering is designed to make it possible for the graduating senior with high scholarship to finish a master's degree in electrical engineering in about one additional full year of work at any of the na tion's major universities. Electrical Engineering Curriculum In the electrical engineering curriculum the student has considerable freedom in the senior electives. The student may select these electives to provide a good foundation in several of the seven electrical engineer ing areas listed: communications, digital, electronics, fields, materials, power, and systems. Some of these electives may be courses in other branches of engineering or in other colleges . Those students primarily interested in taking courses in the digital or computer area may do so in this curriculum or in the joint electrical engineering and computer sciences degree option discussed below. Business Option Students wishing to complete a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and a B.S. degree in business should not start the business program until their fourth year, with the exception of electing Econ. 201 and 202 for two of their social-humanistic electives. Students with a B average may wish to consider ob taining a master's degree in business administration. For both of these programs, students should refer to the College of Engineering and Applied Science in troductory section of this bulletin. Premedical Option A program has been developed which permits the student to satisfy the entrance requirements for medical school, such as those of the University of Colorado, while earning a B.S. in electrical engineer ing. Medical schools typically require that applicants have completed two semesters of general chemistry, two semesters of organic chemistry, and two semesters of general biology, all with laboratories. A course in English composition is recommended. More specific information on medical school re quirements may be obtained at the office of the Health Careers Advisory Committee at UCD.

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Electrical Engineering and Computer Science The joint degree in electrical engineering and com puter science is a comprehensive program covering both hardware and software aspects of computer system design. The program leads to a B.S. (E.E. and C.S.) and can be a base for further study toward either an M.S. in computer science or an M.S. in electrical engineering. A student need not make a decision to enter this program until the second semester of the sophomore year. The details of the program are listed in the sec tion following the electrical engineering curriculum. The purpose of the changes is to add to the mathematics background in such a way as to provide a basis for graduate work in computer-related fields and to permit inclusion of courses in scientific ap plication of computers, logic structure of computers, and assembly language programming. Should stu dents leave the program in favor of returning to the electrical engineering curriculum, they will need to satisfy the departmental requirements of mechanics and E.E. 354, which have been waived in the electrical engineering computer option curriculum. Curriculum for B.S. (Electrical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ............... 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern Electrical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E.E. 257. Logic Circuits . .................................. 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................... Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus IT ...... ........ 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I . ................ . ............. 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing . ........................... 2 E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing .......... ............ 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ............. .... .... Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus ill .............. 4 Phys. 233. General Physics IT ............................... 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab . IT .......................... 1 E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I ................................ 4 E . E . 253. Circuits Lab . I .......................... ......... 1 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . .................. Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra .... ......... . .......................... 4 Engr . 301. Thermodynamics ................................ 3 E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis IT ........ ............ . . ......... 4 E. E . 254. Circuits Lab. IT .................................. 1 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 51 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Electives (see note 4) ..................................... ..:...1 Total 17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I .......................... 3 E . E . 321. Electronics I .. ................................... 3 E .E. 361. Electronics Lab. I ................................ 2 C. E . 313. Applied Mechanics (see note 3) ................... 3 E . E . 381. Introduction to Probability Theory ................ 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................... Total 17 Spring Semester E . E . 314. Electromagnetic Fields ll ........ ................. 3 E.E . 316. Energy Conversion I . ........... . . . ............... 3 E.E. 322. Electronics IT .................................... 3 E . E . 331. Linear System Theory ....... ..................... 3 E.E. 362. Electronics Lab . ll ............................... 2 Social humanistic elective (see note 1) ... . ................. Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E . 354. Power Lab. I . ................................... 2 Electives (see note 4) .................................... . 12 Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) .................... ____;! Total 17 Spring Semester Electives (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................... ____;! Total 17 Notes for B.S. (Electrical Engineering) Students s hould refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In ad dition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete sophomore level courses before taking junior level courses and should have completed their junior level E.E. courses before starting their 400-level electives. 1. Of the 24 hours of required social-humanistic electives, a stu dent must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one socialhumanistic elective course. 2. Or Ch.E. 210. 3. The mechanics requirement may be satisfied by the 3-hour course, C.E . 313, or the 6-hour sequence of C.E. 212 and C.E. 311. Students who first take E . E . 313 may , with permission , take only C.E. 311. 4 . The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which he/she is most likely to concentrate after graduation. Usually these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 levels. In all cases the student needs the approval of the under graduate adviser. Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas: communications (C), digital ( D), electronics (E), fields (F), materials (M) , power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a minimum breadth of studies, every student's program must include 9 semester hours of electr ical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a min imum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribution require ments could be met through Independent Study, E.E. 940 (1-3) or E .E . 950 ( 1-3), only if the subject rna tter studied is actually in the

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52 I University of Colorado at Denver appropriate area . Independent study may be used only once to satisfy part of the distribution requirements. A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the technical electives. The student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics. Some preliminary con sulting with a department graduate adviser is desirable. Curriculum for B.S. In Electrical Engineering and Computer Science The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ............... 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry (see note 3) .................. 5 E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modem Electrical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E . 257. Logic Circuits ................................... 3 Social humanistic electives (see note 1) .......... .......... _,2 Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 241. ' Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ........ ...... 4 Phys . 231. General Physics I ............................... 4 Phys . 232. General Physics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ............................ 2 E. E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing .................... .. 3 Social humanistic electives (see note 1) ................... . _,2 Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus ill .............. 4 Phys . 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II .......................... 1 E. E. 213. Circuit Analysis I ....... . ........................ 4 E.E. 253. Circuits Lab. I ................................... 1 Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) .................... _,2 Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary, Differential Equa tions and Linear Algebra ........................................ 4 E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II ......................... ...... 4 E . E. 254. Circuits Lab. II .................................. 1 En gr. 301. Thermodynamics ................................ 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Electives (see note 3) ..................................... _,__,g Total 17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I ... , ............... , ...... 3 E.E. 321. Electronics I .............................. , . . . . . . 3 E.E . 361. Electronics Lab. I ................................ 2 E.E. 381. Introduction to Probability ....................... 3 E.E. 351. Introdution to Computer Engineering .............. 3 Social-humanistic elective ................................. _,2 Total 17 Spring Semester E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II ............. . ........... 3 E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I .............................. 3 E.E. 322. Electronics II .................................... 3 E.E. 331. Linear System Theory ............................ 3 E.E. 362. Electronics Laboratory II ......................... 2 Social-humanistic elective (See note 1) .................... . _,2 Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E . 453. Assembly Language Programming ................. 3 E . E. 459. Computer Organization ........................... 3 Math. 465. Numerical Analysis (see note 4) ................. 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Electives (see note 3) ... .................................. Total 17 Spring Semester E.E. 460. Computer Lab ................................... 2 E.E. 401. Programming Languages .... ........... ........... 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Electives (see note 3) ..................................... ..:.J! Total 17 Notes for B.S. In Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In planning their programs, students should consider prerequisite and corequisite requirements of courses and should plan to complete courses at the junior level before taking senior electives . 1. Of the 24 hours of social-humanistic electives a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses . Independen t study is allowed for no more than one social humanistic elective course. 2. Or Ch.E. 210 3. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which heshe is most likely to conc entrate after graduation. Usually these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 level s. In all cases the student need s the approval of the un dergraduate adviser. Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas; communication (C), digital (D), electronics (E), fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a minimum breadth of studies, every student's program must inclu de at least 9 semester hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a minimum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribu tion requirements could be met through E.E. 400 (1 to 3), and E. E. 500 (1 to 3), show n in each area, only if the subject matter studied is actually in the appropriate area. E.E. 400 (1 to 3), and E . E. 500 (1 to 3) may be used only once to satisfy part of the distribution re quirements. A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the electives. E.E./C.S. majors are advised to take E. E. 551 or E.E. 559 to obtain additional depth in computers. A course in abstract mathematics (Math. 300) or finite mathematics (Math. 413) is recommended as an additional elective. The student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics. Some preliminary con sulting with a departmental graduate adviser is desirable . 4. E.E . 455, Computer Techniques in Engineering, may be sub stituted. ENGINEERING DESIGN AND ECONOMIC EVALUATION In the fall of 1978, the Engineering Design and Economic Evaluation program was merged with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. The

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E.D.E.E. degree will not be offered to new students. However, courses in design and economic evaluation have been retained and are administered through the Department of Mechanical Engineering. ENGINEERING PHYSICS William R. Simmons, Coordinator The engineering physics curriculum gives students a thorough foundation in the physical principles un derlying most of engineering . The large number of engineering electives which may be incorporated in the curriculum makes it possible for students to prepare themselves for professional work or graduate school in a wide variety offields. Because the program is particularly flexible, the student should be aware that proper preparation for his/her professional field will require careful selection of engineering electives. The student is urged to prepare, in consultation with the departmental coordinator, a coherent plan of courses to meet his/her professional objectives. During the freshman and sophomore years, the stu dent must attain a thorough training in mathematics and a grounding in fundamental methods and princi ples of the physical sciences. During the junior and senior years the work in physics is amplified to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the various branches of physics such as nuclear physics, atomic physics , electronics, ther modynamics, mechanics , electricity, and magnetism. Individual initiative and resourcefulness are stressed. For purposes of federal Civil Service requirements this degree is an engineering degree from an accredited College of Engineering . Students who plan to become registered professional engineers should check the re quirements for registration in their state before choos ing their engineering electives. It is recommended that students preparing for Graduate School also prepare for its foreign language requirement as part of their undergraduate cur riculum. At present, the Bachelor of Science degree in engineering physics is awarded on the Boulder Campus only; therefore, in order to earn a bachelor's degree in engineering physics from the Department of Physics and Astrophysics a student must, in addition to any other requirements, successfully complete 30 semester hours of courses on the Boulder Campus, in cluding 12 semester hours in upper division physics courses. Applied Physics Option It is also possible to earn the degree Bachelor of Science (Engineering Physics) with an applied physics option. This option differs from the regular engineering physics degree primarily in that fewer ad vanced theoretical physics courses are required and in their place a selection of applied science courses is re quired. This option should not be selected by students intending to pursue graduate study in physics, but it is appropriate for students intending to pursue graduate work or employment in related fields such as College of Engineering and Applied Science I 53 geophysics, environmental science, oceanography, nuclear engineering, medicine, and law . Students in tending to pursue this option should consult the coor dinator by the beginning of their junior year regarding the electives which they wish to propose . The 24 hours of electives in pure or applied natural science must be approved by the engineering physics advising com mittee, which is located on the Boulder Campus. The committee will consider the proposed courses relative to the student's stated educational and/or profes sional objectives . At least 30 semester hours of credit must be earned after the student's proposed program is approved. Curriculum for B.S. (Engineering Physics) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maxim urn of 6 hours of electives. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester S e mest e r H o ur s Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ............... 4 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............................ 2 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 6 Phys. 111. General Physics (see note 8) . ...... ............ .:......1 Total 16 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .............. 4 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Phys. 112. General Physics (see note 8) ...... . .............. 4 Phys . 114. Experimental Physics (see note 8) ................ 1 C.S. 210. Fundamentals of Computing ...................... 3 Elective (see note 2) ...................................... Total 17 SOPHMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus ill .............. 4 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .... . ................. 3 Phys. 213. General Physics (see note 8) ................ . . ... 3 Phys . 215. Experimental Physics (see note 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Elective (see note 2) ..................................... Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra ........................................ 4 Chern.. 202. General Chemistry (see note 3) . ................. 4 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Phys. 214. Introductory Modern Physics (see note 8) . . ....... 3 Elective (see note 2) ...................................... .:......1 Total 18 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester Upper division mathematics elective ..... . ........ . ......... 3 Phys. 317. Junior Lab. (see note 8) ......................... 2 Phys . 321. Classical Mechanics and Relativity ............... 4 Phys . 331. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism . .......... 3 Elective (see note 2) ....................................... 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ......... . ........... .;..] Total 18

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54 I University of Colorado at Denver S prin g Semester Phys. 318. Junior Lab ............... . ...................... 2 Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics ............................ 3 Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magne tism ........... 3 Phys. 341. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics ....... 3 C hern . 453. Physical C hemistry (see note 4) ................. 3 C hern . 454. Physical Chemistry Lab . (see note 4) ........... _,___g Total 16 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E.E. 403. Electronics (see note 6) ........................... 2 E . E . 443. Electronics Lab. (see note 6) ...................... 1 Phys. 491. Atomic and Nuclear Physics ..................... 3 Phys. 495. Sen ior Lab ...................................... 2 Elective (see note 2) ....................................... 6 Socia l humanistic elective (see note 1) ..................... _,_1 Total 17 Spring Semester Phys. 492. Atomic and Nuclear Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 496. Senio r Lab. (see note 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Elective (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Social-humanistic electiv e (see n ote 1) ..................... .....J. Total 17 Curriculum for B.S. (E.Physics) Applied Physics Option The first five semesters are identical to the regular engineering physics curriculum listed above. The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives. JUNIOR YEAR Spri n g Semester Semeste r Hours Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 332. Principles of Electricit y and Magnet ism ... , ....... 3 Upper division the rm o d y namics elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...................... 3 Electives (see note 7) .................................... . ,_1 Total 16 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E. 403. Elements of Electronics (see note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E .E. 443. Elements of Electronics Laboratory (see note 6) . . . 1 Soc ial-hu manistic elective (see not e 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective s (see note 7) ..................................... _l! 17 Sp rin g Semeste r Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note 7) .... ................................ ...M Total 17 Notes for B.S. (Engineering Physics) 1. A total of 24 hour s of social-humanistic electives is required . These must i nclude 6 hour s of literature and 6 hou rs selected from eco nom ics, socio logy, political science, history , and anthrop ology. The other 12 hours must be selected from the above subjects and/or fine arts and music (critical or historical only), philosophy, and psychology. 2. Required and elective engineering courses (excl uding mathematics and physics ) must total 22 s eme ster hour s. 3. Chern. 202 is offered only at the Boulder C ampus . UC D stu dents may substitute Chern. 103 and 106 for Chern. 202. 4. Chern. 453 and 454 are off ered only at the Boulder Ca mpus. One semeste . r of an y upper d ivis ion chemistry course with as sociated laboratory ma y be substituted for physical chemistry. 5. Or Phy s. 455, or approved 3-hour ph ysics elective. 6. E.E. 403 and 453 ar e offered only at the Boulder Campus. UCD students may substitute E.E. 321 and 361. 7. The elective courses are divided into three exclusive groups: (1) Physics elective s . These must be five hours from among Phys. 318, 341, 361, 365, 366, 367, 446, 451, 455, 461, 462, 491, 492, 495, 496, 500, 501, 503, 504, and 580Boulder Campus course numbers. (2) Applied natural sc ience electives (24 semester hours, minimum) . These must include 4 hour s of upper d iv ision laboratory courses and s ufficien t engineering courses so that the total of engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) is at least 22 semester hours . (3) Other courses. 8. See the E.Phys. coordinator. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Ralph C. Koeller , Associate Chairman Mechanical engineering is perhaps the broadest in scope of all the engineering fields. It is not identified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device, or system; rather, it is concerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively. In an era when technology is changing rapidly, the education of an engineer must provide a base for working in fields which may now not exist. The objec tive of the undergraduate program in mechanical engineering is to give the student a broad intellectual horizon and such habits and skills of study that learn ing new science as it appears and taking the initiative in applying it will be second nature. There can be only one firm foundation for the stu dent preparing for a career in mechanical engineering: mathematics, physics, and chemistry are the basic in gredients. Also essential is mastery of such engineer ing sciences as solid and fluid mechanics; ther modynamics , and heat and mass transport; materials, and systems analysis and controls. Along with the study of these fundamentals, the engineer must ex perience the ways in which scientific knowledge can be put to use in the development and design of useful devices and processes. The mechanical engineering program may be roughly subdivided into two-year groupings. In the first two years, the program emphasizes the fun damentals of those engineering sciences that are es sential for an understanding of most branches of professional engineering. For the final two years, the department, in recognition of the extremel y broad and varied demands which the advances of modem technology have imposed on the mechanical engineer, provides two plans, A and B , for the curriculum leading to the degree Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering . The plans are designed to ac comodate the professional objecti ves of the individual student. Plan A specifies a typical mechanical engineering curriculum and is intended for t hose students who

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wish to obtain a broad, general education in mechanical engineering without an emphasis on any of the specific professional aspects. Plan B is designed for students who know what they intend to do upon graduation. This option allows the student to pursue any course plan that meets a valid professional objective and has been approved by the advisory committee. Under Plan B, the specific re quirements of the program are determined after a detailed conference with an appropriate departmental adviser . In the course of this conference, the profes sional objectives of the individual student are studied in detail , and a specific plan (with a minimum of 136 credit hours) is designed to meet these objectives. With liberal use of courses throughout the University, the following may be considered typical among the profess ional concentrations which can be achieved: Thermodynamics Heat transfer Fluid mechanics Solid mechanics Electromechanical systems Design Power Dynamics and controls Materials science Thermomechanical systems All of the required courses for mechanical engineer ing plan A are offered at UCD. Plans are to expand the number of elective courses for plans A and Bin the near future. Students should work closely with their mechanical engineering adviser as they may have to complete some courses in Boulder depending upon their study plan and the phasing in of the complete program at UCD. Curriculum for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Engl. 258. Great Books (see note 1 ) ......................... 3 M.E. 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering ........... 2 Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ..... . ......... 4 E . E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern . 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) ....... .......... _,____ Total 17 Spring Semester Engl. 259. Great Books ll (see no t e 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 231. General Phy sics I ............................... 4 Phys . 232. General Physic s Lab. I ...... . . ...... . ........... 1 Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .............. 4 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ............................ 2 Social humanis tic elective . ......................... ....... Total 17 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 55 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester M.E . 281. Mechanics I (see note 3) ......................... 3 Engl. 260. Great Books Ill (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 233. General Physics II ......... .................. . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill . . ........... Total 15 Spring Semester M .E. 282. Mechanics II (see note 3) ........................ 3 Approved physics elective .................................. 3 Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr . 301. Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective ................................. ..:....& Total 16 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester M . E . 312. Thermodynamics ll .............................. 3 M .E. 314. Measurements I ........ . ........................ 2 M.E. 362. Heat Transfer ...................... ............ . 3 M.E . 371. Systems Analysis I (see note 4) ................... 3 M . E. 383. Mechanics lli ............. . . . ................... 3 Social-humanistic elective . ............................ . ... Total 17 Spring Semester M.E. 301. Introduction to Materials Science I ............... 3 M.E. 316. Measurements ll .................. ........ . . .... 2 M.E. 372. Systems Analysis ll (see note 4) .................. 3 M.E. 384. Mechanics IV ................................... 3 M . E . 385. Mechanics V .................................... 3 Technical elective ................................... ..... Total 18 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester M . E . 442. Mechanical Engineering Lab ...... . ............... 3 M.E. 414. Mechanical Engineering Design .... . .............. 3 M.E. 401. Introduction to Materials Science ll . .............. 3 Technical elective ......................................... 6 Social-humanistic elective ................................. Total 18 Spring Semester Social-humanistic elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Technical electives .......... . . ........................... ..JQ Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering) 1 . Or other English options; see the English listings in the Course Description section of this bulletin. 2. Or Ch . E . 210. 3. M . E. 281 and M . E . 282 are offered only on the Boulder Campus . UCD students may substitute C.E. 212 and C.E. 311 for M.E. 281 and M . E. 282. 4 . M . E . 371 and M . E. 372 are offered only on the Boulder Campus. UCD students may substitute E.E. 213 and E.E. 413 for M.E. 371 and M.E. 372.

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College of Environmental Design John M. Prosser, Resident Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE The College of Environmental Design at UCD offers five graduate programs: the Master of Architecture Master of Architecture in Urban Design Master of Interior Design, Master of Landscape and Master in Planning and Community Develop ment; and one service program, the Center for Com munity Development and Design. Undergraduate programs in the College are available only through the University of Colorado at Boulder, and students in terested in the Bachelor of Environmental Design degree should see the catalog for that campus. The College offers programs designed both to train men and women who can . meet the complex and demanding challenge of developing and shaping the environment and to provide the practicing profes sional a means of keeping abreast of cultural and technological changes. In recent years, the roles and responsibilities of the environmental design professions have broadened. The social and physical problems encountered by the architect, urban designer, the landscape architect, the planner, the technologist in environmental systems, and the interior designer have minimized the lines of demarcation among these professions and in terdependence among them has increased. The College maintains traditional and essential ties with the professions and practitioners in the com munity and through the Division of Continuing Education offers workshops for architects in solar architecture, seismic design, and business development and law. The College participates in faculty in terchanges with the Boulder campus, participates in the architectural engineering program of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, and relills on local professionals to reinforce its teaching program. The College of Environmental Design is a member of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architec ture and Collegiate Schools of Planning and is represented by its students, faculty, and alumni on professional boards, committees, and soc1etles. In 1979, the National Architectural Ac crediting Board renewed the College's accreditation for a three-year period. Its program in planning was granted renewed recognition by the American Plan ning Association in 1980 for a five-year period. Full professional status in most environmental design fields generally requires a minimum of five or six years of academic experience and two or three years of practical experience followed by state registration or licensing through a professional ex amination. Qualifications for success in these careers are not easily measured. Candidates for this profession must have the ability to complete successfully an academic program ranging from fundamental humanistic and scientific courses through applied technical activity to full creative development. They should have a background of secondary education that includes courses in mathematics and physics. Some experience in creative activity may aid them in predetermining their personal satisfaction from the creative process. Financial Aid Graduate scholarships and fellowships are available to continuing students only, with the exception of Colorado Grants. A limited number of Colorado Grants are available to new students who are resi dents of the State of Colorado and who fulfill the Uni versity's criteria for financial need. Forms to apply for State of Colorado Graduate Grants, Federal Work Study Assistance, and Federal National Direct Stu dent Loans (NDSL), are available through the Office of Financial Aid, UCD, 1100 14th Street, Denver 80202. Grade-Point Average Requirement and Scholastic Suspension Students must maintain a 3.0 average for a degree. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirements during any semester will be permitted to continue their studies during the second semester, but will be placed on probation. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirement after two semesters will be suspended. Mter a period of one year, appeal for read mission may be made by petitioning the Scholastic Deficiency Committee of the College or the director. Special Students Beginning with fall 1981, the College of En vironmental Design will accept only up to 16 credit hours of courses taken as a graduate special student for application toward degree credit.

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Residence Requirement A student must be in residence for at least one full academic year's work, which is normally 30 semester hours. Time Limit Beginning with fall 1981, students in two-year programs must complete all work re9uired for a graduate degree within a five-year per10d from the time of first enrolling for classes as a degree can didate. Students in three-year programs must com plete all work within a six-year period. Elective Courses Elective Courses must be at the 400 level or above. Students should check with their respective director regarding subject choices. MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE The Division of Architecture offers three degree programs, all of which lead to the Master of ture. The three programs are named by typical time in-residence: three-year, two-year, and one-year programs. The threeand two-year programs lead to the first professional degree for architectural practice; the one-year program leads to a second professional degree. The one-year program is open only to applicants already holding the first professional degree in architecture (generally the bachelor's, occasionally the master's). Individually organized studies are focused on the student's interests in architecture or in architecture with an urban design specialization. The two-year program is open to holders of the Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree and is arranged to receive graduates of the Division of Environmental Design at Boulder or similar undergraduate studies at other schools. The three-year program is open to holders of the bachelor's degree in all other fields. Curriculum The Division of Architecture is a professional school; its role and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in architectural design, graphic com munications, history and theory, technology, and professional practice. Architectural design is the central activity of the several programs and the design studio serves to in tegrate architectural learning from all course work in the supportive arts and sciences. Most studios are conducted on the case study method; skill in the definition and the solution of design problems is ac quired through the analysis and the working of exer cises which simulate actual building problems. Ad vanced studio options are available with projects in the Center for Community Development and Design. The design thesis is the culmination of architectural studies. CQllege of Environmental Design I 57 Communications courses provide the graphic skills necessary to present design ideas. History and theory courses anchor the student's work in social respon sibility, and in an understanding of the forces that give shape to buildings and cities . Technology courses give basics in structures, and in the concerns of utilities, heating, lighting, and acoustics. Professional courses provide exposure to the workings of contemporary practice, and an internship in a prac ticing professional's office is a course option in the final year. The goal of all of these studies is competency for the graduates of the division as intelligent, knowledge able and creative designers, each at the threshold of ' . . entry to architectural careers in pnvate practice , government, or industry. Admission Requirements APPLICATION The complete set of materials for application for the Master of Architecture programs include the applica tion form, college transcripts, three recommenda tions, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work. To be considered for admission, the complete set of application materials must be received by March 15 preceding the fall semester of entry. The portfolio must be no larger than 14 inches by 17 inches. The application form and additional information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Architecture, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. Applicants must hold a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts, or Bachelor of Science degree from an ac credited four-year college or university to be accepted into the three-year Master of Architecture program. A four-year degree in architecture or environmental design from an accredited college or university is re quired for acceptance into the two-year program. A Bachelor or Master of Architecture degree from an ac credited architecture program is required for accep tance into the one-year master's program. ADMISSION An Admissions Committee will review the applica tion materials and select students to be admitted to programs. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, or have not been accepted, prior to Mayl. The recommended minimum grade-point average is 2. 75 on a 4-point scale. If the student's grade-point average is below 2.75, the Graduate Record Examina tion is recommended as part of the application materials . The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone . One-Year Program The one-year program is available onlf to students already holding the first professional degree, the Bachelor or Master of Architecture. The Master of

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58 I University of Colorado at Denver Architecture or Master of Architecture in Urban Design is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 32 semester hours of courses and special projects ar ranged for the particular candidate's program. The candidate and the adviser mutually develop the course of study through selection of offerings in the College of Environmental Design and other divisions of the University. The program is primarily research oriented, and students are allowed to pursue in dependently an area of their choice related to architecture. Two-Year Program The two-year program is open to the student with a four-year Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree who seeks the first professional degree in architecture. The program is a two-year, 64-semester-hour series of studies leading to the Master of Architecture degree. Students in the third or fourth year of the Uni versity of Colorado at Boulder Environmental Design degree program who intend to pursue the Master of Architecture should take Structures (ENVD 452 and 453); Environmental Systems (ENVD 450); Materials and Methods of Construction (ENVD 451); Architec tural History (ENVD 470 and 471); and Architectural Graphics (ENVD 420 and 421); and a minim urn of six semesters of design (including ENVD 400 and 401). Students from other four-year design programs must have taken two semesters of architectural history , two semesters of basic structures (statics, strength of materials) and must show, with the portfolio, a graphics ability equivalent to the two-semester course in architectural graphics. Required courses in the two year program that have been taken by the student in prior studies may be waived if the grade received is B or above. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 64 semester hours and all required courses. Two.Y EAR PROGRAM COURSE REQUIREMENTS Semester Hours Architectural design ..................... . ...... ..... ..... 24 Techn o logies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Professi o nal practice and construction documents . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Landscape architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives ................. , ................... .. , ....... . ..J.g Total 64 Three-Year Program ''" The three-year program is open to students with a bachelor's degree, with a particular program prere quisite of one year of high school or college basic physics and college mathematics through calculus. The mathematics and physics requirement must be completed before entering the program. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 96 semester hours and all required courses. THREE.YEAR COURS E REQUIREMENTS Semester Hour s Architectural design . . . ...... . ........................... . 34 Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Theor y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Graphic communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Professional practice and construction documents . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Landscape architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Planning ....... . . ....................... .............. . . 3 Electives ... . . . ...... . . . . .... ........ .................. . . _lQ Total 96 Recommended Order of Studies Two.YEAR PROGRAM: 600 and 700 levels THREEYEAR PROGRAM: 500, 600 , and 700 levels Fall Semester : 500 level Semester Hours Arch. 500. Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A . 510. Graphics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • . . . . 3 Arch . 551. Materials and Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 552. Structures I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form . . . . . • . . . . . 3 Spring Semester : 500 level Arch . 501. Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A . 511. Graphics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 550. Environmental Systems.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 553. Structures ll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 571. Development of Architectural Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fall Semester : 600 lev el Arch. 600. Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Arch. 650. Heating and Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 660 . Structures ill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L . A . 630 . Survey of Landscape Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P.C.D. 500. Fundamentals of Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Spring Semester: 600 level Arch. 601. Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Arch. 651. Lighting and Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 666 . Structures IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 660. Professional Practice and Construction Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Arch. 680. Theory and Practice or Arch. 670. Architecture of the 20th Century or U.D . 682. Architectural and Urban Design Theory . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fall Semester : 700 l e vel Arch. 700. Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Arch . 712. Thesis Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Arch . 760. Internship (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective Spring Semester : 700 leve l Arch . 701. Design Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Arch. 750. Systems Synthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 761. Internship (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN DESIGN Program Options and Descriptions Urban design is one of the graduate environmental design programs taught at facilities which are located in the core of the metropolitan Denver area. The cur riculum focuses on the complex problems that are generated by change and growth in a vigorous urban and regional laboratory . Emphasis is given to par ticipatory community and publicly funded design, research, and technology. Special efforts are made to

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utilize the vast resources of information available from federal, state, and local agencies and institutions which are concentrated in the immediate community. Specific courses and projects are arranged to incor porate these allied academic, civic, and citizen inputs into the design processes. The sequential format, content, and progression of the Architecture in Urban Design program has been developed to provide a broad range of balanced study which combines architecture , landscape, planning, and urban design methodologies . Direct contact and coordination with the activities of the students and faculty in these> disciplines is an essential part of the curriculum. Importance is given to the problem solving processes associated with mixed use com plexes, neighborhood, activity center, village, town , and cityscape projects. Specific courses in urban technologies, urban theories, environmental impact analysis, including social and economic planning factors are available. During the final semester students have a wide choice of professional electives which can be closely related to their thesis problem selection. Two sequences are available in the program. One is a non-prelicensing two-year graduate degree for stu dents who have received a bachelor's degree in en vironmental design, landscape, architectural studies , planning, or urban studies. The one-year program is for students who have obtained a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree. In both sequences the final master's year is a syn thesis of the special factors influencing urban design in one of five options: recreational facilities , com munity development, rehabilitation or renewal, tran sportation, and health care. In this phase the student is carefully advised throughout the period of his/her independent research and design studies. Oppor tunities to do state and city outreach work in associa tion with the Center for Community Development and Design (the College state-wide design aid field program for ethnic and economic minorities ) are available. Many other real problems and/or case studies from the community, which require an ticipatory and feasibility design and development , also are considered. Whenever possible, individual or team projects in cooperation with allied disciplines and institutions are encouraged. Admission Requirements In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program , they must submit applica tion forms , college transcripts, three letters of recom mendation , statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter. All portfolio material submitted with the application must be in 81/z" by 14" format or smaller. If slides are included, they must be in a loose-leaf slide holder. It is recommended that students indicate the type and length of all work experience they have had since receiving a degree. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Master College of Environmental Design I 59 of Architecture in Urban Design , College of Environmental Design , University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver , Colorado 80202. Curriculum Outline In both sequences the studio is the focal point for the specialization selected by the student. The pro jects chosen are developed on an independen t study basis with meetings , seminars , and evaluations scheduled between the student and the faculty ad visers. Cognate courses are selected with t he guidance of the faculty advisers from related subjec ts offered by the College or other units of the University. One-Year Program A one-year program leading to the Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is a v ailable to students holding a fir s t professional degree in architecture. The degree is awarded upon satis factory completion of 30 semester credit hours minimum. The program is for students who wish to pursue advanced studies in compound, complex communit y architec1 ture and urban design problem s . O NE.YEAR S E Q UENCE Course R e quir e m e nts Semeste r H o ur s Urban Des ign Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Thesis Preparatio n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Environmen t al Anal ys i s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Planning , Land s cape E l ective s ............................ __ 1 5 Thesis Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Urban Design Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Professional Electi ves ..................................... __ 15 30 Two-Year Sequence A two-year non-prelicensing program leading to a Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is available to students holding a first degree in architectural studies , environmen t al des i gn , land scape architecture , urban studies, and planning . The degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 60 semester credit hours minimum . The program is for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in mul tidisciplinary design problems and processes which are evolving throughout the urban environment. Fir s t Y ear Semeste r H o ur s Urban Design and Graphics Worksh o p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 De s ign Hist o ry Philoso ph y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 U rban Design System s and Managemen t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Profe ss ional Ele c ti ves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 5 U rban Design Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 De s ign Hi s tory Philosoph y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Environmental S yst em s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Transpo rta t i o n S ystems ................... . ............... _i 1 5 3 0

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60 I University of Colorado at Denver Se c ond Y e ar See OneYear Sequence . ..... .......... ........ ..... . . .... 30 MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGNINTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND SPACE PLANNING TRANSPORTATION DESIGN 60 The Master's degree program in Interior Design is structured to educate designers who will be qualified to assume responsible leadership roles in the continu ing growth of the profession and in the improvement of the quality of man's near environment by construc tively relating the design process to man's life proces ses. There are two programs leading to the Master of Interior Design degree. The two-year program is open to applicants holding Bachelor of Interior Design, Bachelor of Environmental Design, or Bachelor of Architecture degrees. The three-year program is designed for applicants holding bachelor's degrees in other fields from accredited four-year colleges or uni versities. The program is characteristically unique in the fol lowing ways: Multidisciplinary Approach. Individualized in struction and guidance are provided in skills and knowledge that are integrated from related dis ciplines. Accordingly, the student develops personal models and methodologies within a multidisciplinary conceptual framework for the analysis , design , and evaluation of appropriate interior environments. Interior Architecture and Space Planning Orienta tion . The program relies heavily upon the conviction that the design of an interior space and the building form containing it are inextricably related. The former inwardly responding to the human environ ment, the latter outwardly responding to the natural environment; both design activities require high degrees of interdependent specializations in generating an adequate integrative environmental form. Social and Behavioral Base. Understanding the social, behavioral, and biological implications of man environment interactions is emphasized as an integral part of design research/problem-solving methods in all design studio work. Coordinated University-Professional Community Learning Experiences. The program is a direct response to the Rocky Mountain region's general recognition of a need for designers whose professional training is relevant to regional interests. In turn, the professional community serves as an auxiliary source of educational enrichment by providing students with opportunities to combine theoretical and applied learning. Admission Requirements APPLICATION In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program, they must submit application forms, two original transcripts, three recommen dations, and a statement of purpose. A portfolio of academic and professional work is required when ap plying into the two-year program. Application deadline is March 15. Application forms and informa tion may be obtained by writing to the Director of Interior Design, College of Environmental Design, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. ADMISSION A Faculty Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select the students to be ad mitted to the program. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, are on a waiting list, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1. The recommended minimum grade-point average is 2.75 on a 4-point scale. If the student's grade-point average is below 2. 75, the Graduate Record Examina tion is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone. Interior Architecture and Space Planning ORDER OF STUDIES (Two AND THREEYEAR PROGRAMS) Fall Semester , First Year Semester Hours Int. D. 500. Design Research/Problem Solving Methods . . . . . . . 5 L .A. 510. Graphic Communications I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 551. Materials and Methods of Construction . . . . . . . . . . 3 P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved Elective .... .......... . ...... ........... ....... . ..:._d 17 Sprir!f! Semester , First Year Int.D . 501. Residential Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 511. Graphic Communications II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int. D. 557. Elements of Structure ................ ........... 3 Arch . 571. Development of Architectural Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved Psychology Elective ..................... ........ ___1 17 Fall Semester , Second Year Int. D. 600. Commercial Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Int. D . 660. Furniture Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int.D. 680. Physical Environmental Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 650. Environmental Control System I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 504. Fundamentals of Management and Organization .___1 17 Sprir!f! Semester , Second Year Int. D . 601. Transportation Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 lnt.D. 662. Professional Practice and Management . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int . D . 681. Human Environmental Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 651. Environmental Control Systems II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 506. Legal Environment of Business ................. ___1 17 Summer Term , Second Year Int. D . 665 Internship (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

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Fall Sem este r , Third Year Int. D . 700. Institutional Design .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. 7 Int . D . 624. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design . . . . . 3 Approved Landscape Architecture Elective . . ....... . ....... _1 13 Spring Semester, Third Year Int. D. 701. Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 B.Law 512. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad . 503. Fundamentals of Marketing (Fall or Summer Semesters) or B .Ad. 610. Business, Government, and Society .............. _1 Transportation Design ORDER OF STUDIES (TWO AND THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS) 13 Fall Semester , First Year Semester Hours Int . D . 500. Design Research/Problem-Solving Methods . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 510. Graphic Communications I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int.D. 530. Theories and Methods of Programming . . . . . . . . . . 2 Arch. 551. Materials and Methods of Construction . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int.D. 552. Materials and Processes of Manufacturing . . . . . . . 1 Aes. 385. Human Factors and Physiology of Flight ' . . . . . . . . . 3 17 Spring Semester , First Year Int.D . 502. Ground Transportation Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 511. Graphic Communications II...................... 3 Int.D. 557. Elements of Structures... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ . 527. Economics of Transportation... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved Elective . ....................................... 17 Fall Semester, Second Year Int.D. 602. Air and Aerospace Transportation Design........ 5 lnt.D. 660. Furniture Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int. D . 680. Physical Environmental Factors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 650. Environmental Control Systems I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad . 504. Fundamentals of Management and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 17 Spring Semester, Second Year Int . D . 603. Sea Transportation Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 lnt.D. 662. Professional Practice and Management . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int.D. 68l. Human Environmental Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 651. Environmental Control Systems IT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 557. Urban Transportation ......................... _l 17 Fall Semester , Third Year Int.D. 702. Interface Facilities Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Int.D. 624. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design . . . . . 3 Ur.S. 473. Methods in Urban Perception ................... _1 13 Spring Semester, Third Year Int . D . 703. Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 B . Law 512. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 503. Fundamental s of Marketing ...... . ............ . _l 13 College of Environmental Design /61 MASTER OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE The academic program leading to a Master of Landscape Architecture degree at the University of Colorado at Denver responds to a perceived need to of fer professional training preparing students to meet the complex and demanding challenges of designing and shaping the environment. Our rapidly growing western regions, both urban and rural, require comprehensive problem-solving skills which address regional climate, geology, soils, hydrology, and vegetation. These related processes provide a regional basis for planning and designing land areas for public/private use, enjoyment, and preservation. Programs UCD offers both twoand three-year graduate-level professional programs leading to the degree Master of Landscape Architecture. The two-year second profes sional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 64 semester hours, is structured to provide advanced training and exposure in the theoretical, technical, and practical aspects of design for those M.L.A. can didates possessing a Bachelor of Landscape Architec ture degree. The three-year first professional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 96 semester hours, is offered to students with undergraduate degrees not specifically related to landscape architec ture. These programs permit the M.L.A. candidate to pursue a wide range of career goals responding to the profession's concerns and expertise in physical plan ning and design. A major goal of the program is to develop the candidates' knowledge and practical skills of landscape architecture to assume effective roles in professional practice. Emphasis is placed upon emerging problems and frontier areas of the Rocky Mountain region , and on applying problem solving tools, theories, and methodologies to en vironmental concerns covering a broad range of scales and project types . Curriculum The curriculum includes those subjects considered as essential to core professional training in the field of landscape architecture, including design, natural resources technology, history, and professional prac tice. Both programs and courses have a design focus upon real problem-solving situations with emphasis on design process . Opportunities exist to develop complementary knowledge and skills related to interdisciplinary pro jects involving the graduate programs of architecture , urban design, planning, and public administration , within the College of Environmental Design. Ad ditionally, through the Center for Community Development and Design (an outreach program in the College of Environmental Design), the M.L.A. can didate is afforded opportunity for actual project ex perience and participation for a variety of projects 'Aerospace Science course offe red by Metropolitan State College.

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62 I University of Colorado at Denver within the Denver metropolitan area and the state of Colorado. The hierarchy of courses from term to term includes sequences of design, technical, and history core courses required of all entering candidates. The final spring term is reserved for an independent design pac ticum contributing to the program and the profession of landscape architecture. The project is performed under the guidance of a Comprehensive Thesis Com mittee comprised of faculty, practicing professionals, and technical specialists in the project topic. Ad ditionally, the M.L.A. candidate is encouraged to complete a minimum 12-week internship with a professional landscape architecture office or under the work supervision of a professionally registered land scape architect. Admission Requirements Applicants to the three-year program or those who do not have a first professional degree, Bachelor of Landscape Architecture, should have proficiency in college mathematics, physical science, English, en vironmental science, and a basic course in art or draw ing. Applicants to the two-year program, having un dergraduate degrees in landscape architecture, architecture, environmental design, or other physical design degrees are considered for admission upon in dividual evaluation of their undergraduate cur riculum, scholastic performance, and professional ex perience. To be considered for admission into the graduate programs in landscape architecture, applicants must submit application forms, college transcripts, three recommendations, statement of purpo se, and a port folio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter the program. The portfolio format is to be 14 inches by 17 inches or smaller. Application forms and further information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Landscape Architecture, College of Environmental Design, Uni versity of Colorado at Denver , 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. ORDER OF STUDIES (TWO AND THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS) Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hour s L .A. 500. Landscape Architecture Design I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 510. Graphic Communication I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 550. Landscape Architecture Engineering I-Environmental Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 561. Synthecology Field Research-(Retreat I) . . . . . . . . . . . 1 L.A. 580. Rocky Mountain Plant Materials ................. ___1 Fall Semester, Second Year L.A. 600. Landscape Architecture Design III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 641. Theories and Methods of Design Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 L . A . 650. Landscape Architecture Engineering II . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 661. Synthecology Field Research-(Retreat II) . . . . . . . . . . 1 L.A. 670. Landscape Architecture History/ Theory Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 691. Ecosystem Analysis and Adapatation ............. ___1 17 Spring Semeste r , Second Year L.A. 601. Landscape Architecture Design IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 651. Landscape Architecture Engineering ill . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 681. Rocky Mountain Plant Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives ............................................... . _]_ 18 Fall Semester, Third Year L .A. 700. Landscape Architecture Design V ........... , . . . . . 5 L . A . 760. Landscape Architecture Construction 11-Working Drawings and Specifications................... 3 B.Ad . Business Admin. Elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 761. Synthecology Field Research-(Retreat ill) . . . . . . . . . 1 L.A. 790. Independent Design Practicum Research and Research Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 L.A. 791. Landscape Architecture Issues Seminar ........... _1 15 Spring Semester, Third Year L.A. 701. Independent Design Practicum-Design VI . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 721. Professional Practice Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 792. Natural Resource Issues Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective .................................... ............. ___1 Total Hours MASTER'S DEGREE IN PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT .11 96 The MPCD program prepares planners to research, design , and evaluate the ends and means of social and environmental action. Careers in planning usually center in such growing fields as environmental design, community development, social services, natural resources, ecology, planning consultation, en vironmental assessment, urban renewal, and regional planning. Because Denver is the Rocky Mountain region's central location for managing these fields of action, UCD planning students are able to combine easily the general principles of academic learning with practical experience in nearby operating agencies and organizations. Curriculum 15 The curriculum requires 60 semester hours as a } minimum for graduation. Forty-five ofthese semester hours are required core courses aimed at training the student in basic planning principles, content, research methods, and plan/policymaking skills. Of these required credits, 3 are spent in experiential learning and internships with public agencies and other organizations. Spring Semester, First Year L.A. 501. Landscape Architecture Design II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 511. Graphic Communication II.................... . . . 3 L.A. 560. L.A. Construction !-Materials and Methods . . . . . . . 3 P.C .D. 570. Development of Environmental Form . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 581. Rocky Mountain Plant Design ............... .... ___1 17

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Another 15 credit hours of the curriculum are elec tive. They are chosen in consultation with the stu dent's faculty adviser to form a consistent pattern of planning expertise along the lines of the individual's major interests. The courses may be chosen from the MPCD's own core electives, from other programs in the College of Environmental Design or from other graduate colleges at UCD. Typical areas of specializa tion have been ecology, transportation, planning ad ministration, community development , urban design, and health planning. The final curriculum requirement in the student's last semester is the satisfactory completion of an in depth planning study or project . The aim is to il lustrate the individual's ability to integrate and apply the knowledge and experience gained in the program. This is the major thrust of the core requirement en titled Planning Studio 3. Admission Requirements In order for a student to be considered for admission into the graduate program , application forms must be submitted by April15 for the fall semester. Entry into the program at other times is not normally permitted. Applications for admission are reviewed by a faculty student committee . Criteria for admission include academic performance, experience , interest, and motivation for study. Candidates for admission should note that a 1-sernester-hour course in statistics is part of the 60hour core curriculum. Students who have taken an ac ceptable course in statistics may have this require ment waived. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to Director of Planning and Cornrnunity Development Program, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver , Colorado 80202. SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAM To provide unusual educational and practical ex periences for outstanding students in all five graduate divisions, the College has established an optional, in tegrated, multidisciplinary studio. These classes are offered fall semesters to final-year students who choose to work on unique public and private actual design and planning projects for which the College has been asked to provide educational, technical, and research assistance. During the last six years , more than 25 of these comprehensive studies have been completed by teams of students for towns, com munities, neighborhoods , institutions, agencies , and companies. The studio is jointly taught by faculty College of Environmental Design I 63 from the five professional divisions and the Center for Community Development and Design. CENTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN The Center for Community Development and Design provides educational and technical assistance to solve design , planning , and community develop ment problems upon request to groups, organizations , neighborhoods , communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The center provides these services to aid in the development of the community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided b y mobiliz ing the necessary and available resources of the Col lege of Environmental Design and the community and by utilizing the appropriate community development process and participatory techniques . A central goal of the center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community members on problem solving t hrough supervised projects in the field . The faculty and staff of the center coordinate community projects for which students register through classes in the various academic curricula. Students who register for these projects assume an added responsibility of satisfying client needs that goes beyond academic credit. Students are expected to do two things: U t ilize and develop professional expertise which no t only enhances their own education but also better prepares them to assist in the community problem solving process, and to develop an understanding for com munity participatory processes and be able to in tegrate these into the technical aspects of their com munity project. The types of projects studen t s may select t o work on include developing a physical design program for a child care center in an inner-city neighborhood; as sisting a neighborhood to organize , design , and implement a self-help housing program in a small mountain town ; and developing a comprehensive plan in cooperation with a planning commission in a Colorado high plains town . Main Street Program A joint effort by UCD and the State Department of Local Mfairs, this innovative program provides as sistance to small towns attempting to restore t he economic viability of their retail cores. Inter disciplinary teams of students will work closely with the communities to address planning, design , and economic development issues .

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Graduate School Joel C. Edelstein, Acting Associate Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL The Graduate School is a University-wide body which authorizes programs within its constituent col leges and schools. At UCD, Business and Administra tion (except the M.B.A. program), Education, Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music are colleges or schools whose graduate programs are offered through the Graduate School. In concept, there is a single Graduate School regardless of campus . In practice, most master's-level programs are specific to the campus where the student is admitted, insofar as particular options and advisers are con cerned. Doctoral-level programs in a discipline are viewed as the responsibility of the entire University com munity of that discipline. At the present time all Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the cor responding Boulder department. However, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver and the research adviser may be a member of the UCD faculty. Some departments in which this is the case are communica tion and theatre, electrical engineering, and civil engineering. In other disciplines, a significant portion of the course work required for the Ph.D. degree may be taken at UCD. Persons interested in pursuing doctoral-level work should consult with the ap propriate discipline graduate adviser. Anyone wishing further information not given in this bulletin should contact the Associate Dean of the Graduate School, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. Degrees Offered The following graduate programs are authorized for completion through the Graduate School at UCD. In some cases, a specific required course may only be of fered through the University of Colorado at Boulder in a given year. The Master of Arts (M .A.) in: Anthr o pology Biolog y Communication and theatre Econom i c s English Geography History Mathematics Political science Psychology Sociology The Master of Education (M.Ed.) and the Master of Arts (M.A.) in: Administration and supervision (certification only or Early childhood education certification and M .A. Educational psychology in elementary or Elementary education secondary education ) Foundations, education Library media Guidance and counseling Reading Initial Certification Program Secondary education The Master of Science (M.S.) in: Accounting Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Electrical engineering Environmental science Finance Management and organization Management science Marketing Mechanical engineering The Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.) The Master of Engineering (M.E . ) The Master of Humanities (M. H.) The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.) Facilities for Graduate Study and Research at UCD Facilities for research in many fields are available at UCD as well as specialized institutes, seminars, and meetings of national standing. The Graduate Student at UCD Approximately 1,800 students are enrolled in graduate programs at UCD and an additional 1 ,400 special students take graduate courses. Of these, ap proximately 45 percent are part-time students. Faculty The faculty operating in these programs is mainly housed at UCD, although resources of other campuses at the University of Colorado are used. Financial Aid for Graduate Study SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS The University of Colorado administers various forms of financial aid for graduate students: fel lowships, scholarships, and a number of awards from outside agencies. The Graduate School each year awards to qualified regular degree graduate students approximately 50 doctoral fellowships paying up to $2,500 plus tuition.

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. Special fellowships and scholarships are also available for study in certain departments. Colorado Graduate Grants are also available to students who can show demonstrated need. For details contact the Graduate School office. Applications for fellowships, scholarships, and grants are due in the department before the an nounced department deadline. Fellowship awards are announced about March 15; Colorado Graduate Grant awards are announced each semester for the following semester. GRADUATE STUDENT TEACHING APPOINTMENTS Many departments employ graduate students as part-time instructors or teaching assistants. The in structorship is reserved for those advanced graduate students already possessing an appropriate M.A. degree who may be independently responsible for the conduct of a section or course. Payment for these teaching appointments in 1980-81 was: one-half time instructor, $6,520 for the academic year; one-half time teaching assistant, $5,220 for the academic year. A half-time appointment for an instructor is con sidered to be equal to 6 class contact hours; a half time teaching assistant is appointed for 20 hours per week. Students appointed for one-half time qualify for resident tuition rates regardless of their actual Colorado residency status. Teaching assistants and instructors must be enrolled students in good standing for the full period of their appointmen t . RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS Research activities provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain part-time work as research assistants in many departments. Holders of these positions pay resident tuition. Assistants must be enrolled students. LOAN FUNDS Graduate students wishing to apply for long-term loans through the National Direct Student Loan Program and for part-time jobs through the college work-study program should submit an Application for Financial Aid to the Office of Financial Aid by March 1. This office also provides short-term loan assistance to students who have completed one or more semesters in residence. Short-term loans are designed to supplement inadequate personal funds and to provide for emergencies. Applicants should go directly to the Office of Financial Aid. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES The University maintains an employment service in the Office of Financial Aid to help students obtain part-time work either through conventional employ ment or through the college work-study program. Students employed by the University are hired solely on the basis of merit and fitness, a policy which avoids favor or discrimination because of race, color, creed , sex, age, handicap, or national origin. Students are also referred to prospective employers in accor dance with this policy. Graduate School I 65 International Education The Office oflntemational Education expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships. The office also arranges study abroad programs. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign universities . A B average with the equivalent of two years of college-level work in the appropriate language is required. There are also occasional summer programs offering academic credit. Peace Corps information may be obtained from the Office of International Education. For additional information contact the Office for Student Affairs, 629-2861. Institute for Urban and Public Polley Research The institute was established at UCD to facilitate organized research on significant public policy issues and' firban problems. Its principal objectives are (1) to improve public policy formation and decision making through more effectively relating issues with knowledge and research and (2) to assist faculty, policy makers, and students to work together as research teams on state and local problems that cut across disciplines. Research in the institute is being done through centers, programs, and ad hoc teams utilizing in dividual expertise from the several campuses of the University of Colorado and other Colorado institu tions of higher education as required to deal with a specific problem. The institute has been involved in a number of research activities including determining effective methods of using scientific and technological resources in metropolitan, state, and regional govern ment policy formation and decision making; en vironmental quality studies; energy-related research; health needs assessment; gerontological studies; evaluating community development programs; and attitude surveys. Its members have continuing programmatic research interests in the measurement of quality of life and social indicators; urban trans portation policy; urban and regional planning; com munity and organizational development; and the physical, biological, and social effects of energy development. Center for Environmental Sciences The Center for Environmental Sciences is a cluster of federally funded research grants studying various environmental problems of concern to the state and nation. The center is presently made up of the follow ing components: the Faculty/State Review Program, the Oil Shale Task Force, the Uranium Research Pro ject , the Risk Assessment Project, and the Analytical Laboratory. The Risk Assessment Project is funded by the Environmental Protection Agency, the other

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66 I University of Colorado at Denver programs by the Department of Energy. The ad ministrative offices are located at 1056 9th St., 6293460. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION General Requirements Students may be admitted to the Graduate School in either of the two categories described below. Admission to the Graduate School is not admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. A student who wishes to become a candidate for a degree must make special application at the time and in the manner prescribed by the requirements for the degree sought. A student who is granted admission must reflect in a moral and ethical sense a personal background ac ceptable to the University . The University reserves the right to deny admission to applicants whose total credentials reflect an in ability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University and relevant to any of its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution. REGULAR DEGREE STUDENTS Qualified students are admitted to regular degree status by the appropriate department. In addition to departmental approval, an applicant for admission as a regular degree student must: 1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or university of recognized standing, or have done work equivalent to that required for such a degree and equivalent to the degree given at this University. 2. Show promise of ability to pursue advanced study and research, as judged by his or her previous scholastic record. 3. Have had adequate preparation to enter upon graduate study in the field chosen. 4. Have at least a 2.75 undergraduate grade-point average on all work taken. 5. Meet additional requirements for admission as established by major departments . Regular degree students must maintain at least a 3.0 grade-point average each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether it is to be applied toward the advanced degree intended or not. Students who fail to maintain this standard of performance will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School. Pass/Fail Grades. In order to permit a meaningful evaluation of an applicant's scholastic record, not more than 10 percent of those credit hours that are relevant to the intended field of graduate study shall have been earned with pass/fail grades, nor more than 20 percent overall. Applicants whose academic record contains a larger percentage of pass/fail credits must submit suitable additional evidence that they possess the required scholastic ability. If the applicant does not submit satisfactory additional evidence, he or she can be admitted only as a provisional student. PROVISIONAL DEGREE STUDENTS Applicants who do not meet the requirements for admission as regular degree students may be admitted as provisional degree students upon the recommendation of the major department. With the concurrence of the dean of the Graduate School, a department may admit provisional students for a probationary term, which may not normally exceed one academic year. At the end of the probationary period, provisional degree students must either be ad mitted to regular degree status or be dropped from the graduate program. Credit earned by persons in provisional degree status may count toward a degree at this University. Provisional degree students are required to main tain a 3.0 grade-point or higher , as may be required by the terms of their provisional admission, each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether or not it is to be applied toward the advanced degree sought. If students fail to maintain such a standard of performance, they will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School. Note: All provisional applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination and submit scores as part of the application. Application Procedures Graduate students who expect to study at UCD should contact the UCD Office of the Graduate School concerning procedures for forwarding com pleted applications. An applicant for admission must present a com pleted Application Form (Parts I and IT), which may be obtained from the UCD Graduate School office, and two official transcripts from each university at tended. The application must be accompanied by a nonrefundable application processing fee of $20 (check or money order) when the application is sub mitted. No application will be processed unless this fee is paid. Many departments require scores from the Graduate Record Examination, and most depart ments require three or four letters of recommendation. When a prospective degree student applies for ad mission, the chairman of each department or a com mittee named for the purpose shall decide whether the applicant shall be admitted and shall make that decision known to the Office of Admissions and Records, which will inform the student. Persons not wishing to work toward an advanced degree are re ferred to as special students (below). A completed application must be in the office of the major department at least 60 days prior to the term for which admission is sought or earlier as may be re quired by the major department . Students who wish to apply for a graduate student award for the academic year 1981-82, e.g., fellowship, scholarship, assistantship, etc., must file a completed application with the department before the an nounced departmental deadline (see previous section on financial aid).

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All credentials presented for admission to the Uni versity of Colorado become the property of the Uni versity. SENIORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO A senior in this University who has satisfied the un dergraduate residence requirements and who needs not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet his requirements for a bachelor's degree , may be admitted to the Graduate School by special permission of the dean. GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS At the option of any department, the Graduate Record Examination may be required of applicants for assistantships, or of any student before his or her status is determined . Students who are applying for the fall of 1982 take the GRE no later than the December testing date so that their scores will be available to the graduate awards selection committee. Four to six weeks should be allowed for GRE scores to be received by an institu tion. Information regarding these examinations may be obtained from the Graduate School office or the Office for Student Affairs at UCD, or from the Educational Testing Service, Box 1502, Berkeley, California 94701, or Box 955, Princeton , New Jersey 08540. SPECIAL STUDENTS A student not wishing to earn an advanced degree from the University of Colorado should apply to the Office of Admissions and Records, UCD , 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Office of the Associate Dean of the Graduate School. Special students will be allowed to register only on the campus to which they have been admitted. Special students desiring to pursue a graduate degree program at this University are encouraged to submit the complete graduate application and sup porting credentials as soon as possible. A department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of as much as 8 hours of credit toward the require ments of a master's degree for courses taken either as a student at another recognized graduate school, as a special student at the University, or any combination thereof. In addition, the department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of credit for courses taken as a special student for the semester, quarter , or summer term for which the student has applied for admission to the Graduate School provided that the student' s application was on with the department before the beginning of the semester , quarter , or term in question . REGISTRATION Course Work and Examinations On the regular registration days of each semester, students who have been admitted to the Graduate School and who expect to study in the Graduate Graduate School I 67 School are required to complete appropriate registra tion procedures. Students should register for classes the semester they are accepted into Graduate School. If unable to attend that semester they must notify the department which has accepted them and submit the necessary forms to the Office of Admissions and Records at UCD in order to attend the following semester . Changes In Registration A student who wishes to drop a course or take it for no credit should follow the drop/add standard procedure (see current Schedule of Cour se s ) . Note that after the tenth week of classes a graduate student may not drop, add, or change a course to no credit without presenting a letter to the associate dean ofthe Graduate School , UCD Administration Building, Room 502, stating the exceptional circumstances which justify the change. This letter, endorsed by the instructor of the course, must accompany the properly signed and completed drop/add card or no-credit op tion form. Master's Thesis or Report Graduate students working toward master's degrees, if they expect to present a thesis or M .Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hour s for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported . (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submit ted.) Limitation of Registration FULL LOAD A graduate student will be considered to be carrying a full load during a regular semester for purposes of determining residence credit if the student is registered for not fewer than 5 semester hours in work numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis. A full load for purposes of determining residence credit during the summer term is 3 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or 6 semester hours of other graduate work , or thesis. For the number of hours required for financial aid see "Financial Aid at the University of Colorado at Denver" in the Genral Information section of this bul letin.

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68 I University of Colorado at Denver MAXIMUM LOAD No graduate student may receive graduate credit toward a degree for more than 15 hours in a regular semester . The maximum number of graduate credits that may be applied toward a degree during a summer term at UCD is 10 hours per 10-week summer term. TUITION AND FEES The schedule of tuition and fees is given in the General Information section of this bulletin. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED DEGREES Quality of Graduate Work Although the work for advanced degrees is specified partly in terms of credit hours, an advanced degree will not be conferred merel y for the completion of a specified period of residence and the passing of a given number of courses. Students should not expect to get from formal courses all the training, knowledge, and grasp of ideas necessary to meet the requirements for an advanced degree. They should work on their own initiative, reading widely and thoughtfully, reaching their own conclusions, and acquiring a sense of values, perspective, and proportion. All studies offered for credit toward an advanced degree (except those in deficiencies) must be of graduate status. A student is expected to maintain at least a B average in all work attempted in Graduate School. For the Ph.D., a course mark below B is unsatisfac tory and will not be counted toward fulfilling the minimum requirements for the degree. A student who fails to do satisfactory work will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School by the dean with the approval of the major department. Appeal may be made to the Executive Committee of the Graduate School. The committee's decision shall be final. A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student's ma jor department and the dean. In case of lack of agree ment between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee. Grading System The standing of a student in work intended for an advanced degree is to be indicated by the marks A , B, and C. A Superior, 4 credit points for each credit hour. B Good, 3 credit points for each credit hour. CFair, 2 credit points for each credit hour. Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be ac cepted for the removal of deficiencies. Marks below B are not accepted for the doctoral degree. An IF or an IW grade may be given for incomplete work at the discretion of the instructor. For details, refer to the discussion of the uniform grading system. The grade of IP (in progress) will be given for contin uing thesis work and will be valid until the thesis is completed. A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she obtained a grade of C, D, or F upon written recommendation to the dean by the chairman of the advisory committee and the chairman of the department, provided the course has not prev iously applied toward a degree. Graduate students may register for undergraduate courses on a Pass/Fail basis; however, graduate credit will not be awarded, and such courses cannot be ap plied toward a graduate degree. Use of English A student who is noticeably deficient in the use and spelling of the English language may not obtain an advanced degree from the University of Colorado. The satisfaction of this requirement depends not so much upon the ability to pass formal tests , although these may be demanded , as it does upon the habitual use of good English in aU oral and written work. Ability to use the language with precision and distinction should be cultivated as an attainment of major importance. Each department will judge the qualifications of its advanced students in the use of English. Reports , ex aminations, and speech will be considered in es timating the candidate's proficiency. MASTER'S DEGREE A student regularly admitted to the Graduate School and later accepted as a candidate for the degree Master of Arts, Master of Science, or other master's degree will be recommended for the degree only after the following requirements have been met. In general, only graduates of an approved institu tion who have a thorough preparation for their proposed field of study and who do graduate work of high quality are able to attain the degree with the minimum amount of work specified below. All studies offered toward the minimum requirement for the degree must be of graduate rank. Necessary ad ditional work required to make up deficiencies or prerequisites may be partly or entirely undergraduate courses. The requirements stated below are minimum re quirements; additional conditions set by the department will be found in the announcements of separate departments . Any department may make further regulations not inconsistent with the general rules. Minimum Requirement The minimum requirement of graduate work for the degree Master of Arts or Master of Science may be fulfilled by following either Plan I or Plan IT below. Plan I : By presenting 24 semester hours of graduate work, including a thesis. At least 12 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.

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Plan II: By presenting 30 semester hours of graduate work, without a thesis. At least 16 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above. Plan II does not represent a free option for the student. A candidate for the master's degree may be al lowed to select Plan II only on the recommendation of the department concerned. Graduate Credit Graduate credit is given for courses which are listed at the 500 level or above and which are offered by those colleges or schools that are members of the Gra<;luate School, or which have otherwise been ap proved by the dean of the Graduate School. No assurance can be given that work taken by a student will count toward a higher degree unless the student has the approval of the department. Not all courses listed are available at any one time; some of them are given in alternate years. Courses taken during the fall semester 1975 and thereafter will have graduate rank if they are taught by members of the Graduate School faculty and are in one of the following two categories: 1. Courses within the major department at the 500 level or above. 2. Courses outside the major department at any level, provided they are approved for graduate rank for a specific degree plan by the faculty of the degree granting program. This does not change the minimum number of courses that must be taken at the 500 level or above. However , as a result, most students who include 400level courses of other departments in their program will not exceed those minimum requirements for graduation. Field of Study Studies leading to a master's degree may be divided between major and minor subjects at the discretion of the faculty of the degree-granting program . Status Mter a student has made a satisfactory record in this University for at least one semester or summer term and after he has removed any deficiencies that were determined at the time of admission or by qualifying examinations or otherwise, he should con fer with his major department and request that a deci sion be made on his status. This definite status must be set by his major department before a student may make application for admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. Students who are inadequately prepared must make up without credit toward a graduate degree all prerequisites required by the department concerned. Language Requirements Candidates must have such knowledge of ancient and modem languages as each department requires. See special departmental requirements. Graduate School I 69 Credit by Transfer Resident graduate work of high quality done in a recognized graduate school elsewhere and coming within the time limit may be accepted up to a limited amount, provided it is recommended by the department concerned and approved by the dean of the Graduate School. All work accepted by transfer must come within the 5-year time limit or be validated by special examina tion. The maximum amount of work that may be transferred to this University is 8 semester hours. Credit will not be transferred until the student has established in the Graduate School of this University a satisfactory record of at least one semester in residence; such transfer will not reduce the residence requirement at this University, but it may reduce the amount of work to be done in formal courses. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated. Work already applied toward a master' s degree received from another institution cannot be accepted for transfer toward the master's degree at the Univer sity of Colorado; extension work completed at another institution cannot be transferred; and correspondence work , except to make up deficiencies , is not recognized. Excess undergraduate credits from another institu tion may not be transferred to the Graduate School. Seniors in this University may, however, transfer a limited amount of advanced resident work (up to 8 semester hours) provided such work: 1. Is completed with distinction in the senior year at this University. 2. Comes within the five-year time limit. 3. Has not been applied toward another degree. 4. Is recommended for transfer by the department concerned and is approved by the dean of the Graduate School. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated. For more information contact the Graduate School office. Residency In general , the residency requirements can be met only by residence at this University for at least two semesters or at least three summer terms. For full residence a student must be registered within the time designated at the beginning of a semester and must carry the equivalent of not fewer than 5 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work. See Limitation of Registration, Full Load, for requirements for full residence credit during the summer. A

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70 I University of Colorado at Denver student who is noticeably deficient in his/her general training, or in the specific preparation indicated by each department as prerequisite to graduate work, cannot expect to obtain a degree in the minimum time specified. Assistants and other employees of the University may fulfill the residence requirements of one year in two semesters, provided their duties do not require more than half time . Full-time employees may not satisfy the residence requirements of one year in fewer than four semesters. Admission to Candidacy A student who wishes to become a candidate for a master's degree must file application in the dean's office not later than 10 weeks prior to the completion of the comprehensive final examination. The number of hours to be presented for the degree must be deter mined before this application may be filed. See previous secti on on Status. This application must be made on forms obtainable at the dean's office and in various departments and must be signed by a representative of both the major and minor, if any , fields of study, certifying that the student's work is satisfactory and that the program outlined in the application meets the requirements set in his/her particular case. A student on Graduate School probation is not eligible to be awarded a degree until he or she is removed from probation. Thesis Requirements A thesis , which may be of a research, expository, critical, or creative type, is required of every master 's degree candidate under Plan I. Every thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for an ad vanced degree must: 1. Deal with a definite topic related to the major field. 2. Be based upon independent study and investiga tion. 3. Represent the equivalent of from 4 to 6 semester hours of work. 4. Receive the approval of the major department not later than 30 days (in some departments, 90 days) before the commencement at which the degree is to be conferred. 5. Be essentially complete at the time the comprehensive-final examination is given. 6 . Comply in mechanical features with specifica tions obtainable from the Graduate School. Two weeks prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred, two formally approved, printed or typewritten copies of the thesis must be filed in the Graduate School. The thesis must be complete with abstract. All theses must be signed by the thesis adviser and the second reader. All approved theses are kept on file in the library. The thesis binding fee must be paid at the Business Office on the Boulder campus when the thesis is deposited in the Graduate School. Credit hours earned for the thesis will not be ac cepted toward the requirements for a degree unless such credit has previously been registered. A student working toward a master's degree must register for thesis for a specific number of hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total registered credit for thesis must total a minimum of 4 or a maximum of 6 semester hours, the total number of hours depending upon how much credit is to be given for the thesis. The final grade will be withheld until the theses or report is completed. An IP will be reported for terms during which the student is registered for thesis prior to completion of the thesis. Comprehensive Final Examinations Each candidate for a master's degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been com pleted . This examination may be given near the end of the candidate's last semester of residence while he is still taking required courses for the degree, provided he is making satisfactory progress in those courses. The following rules applying to the comprehensive final examination must be observed: 1. A student must be registered when he or she takes the examination. 2. Notice of the examination must be filed by the major department in the dean's office at least three days in advance of the examination . 3. The examination is to be given by a committee of three graduate faculty members appointed by the department concerned in consultation with the dean. 4. The examination , which may be oral or written, or both , must cover the thesis, which should be essen tially complete at the time, as well as other work done in the University in formal courses and seminars in the major field. 5 . An examination in the minor work taken at this University is optional with the major and minor departments. 6. The examination must include all work presented for the degree not done in residence at the University of Colorado, whether in the major or minor field. The examination on transferred work will be given by representatives of the corresponding fields of study in this University . 7. A student who fails the comprehensive final ex amination may not attempt the examination again until at least three months have elapsed and until such work as may be prescribed by the examining committee has been completed. The student may retake the examination only once . Master's Thesis or Report Credit Every graduate student working toward a master's degree who expects to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student

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may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence , but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.) Supplemental Examinations Supplemental examinations should be simply an extension of the original examination and given im mediately. If the student fails the supplemental ex amination , three months must elapse before it may be attempted again . Course Examinations The regular written examinations of each semester except the last must be taken. Course examinations of the last semester, which come after the compre hensive final examination has been passed , may be omitted with the consent of the instructor. Time Limit All work , including the comprehensive final ex amination, should be completed within five years or six successive summers. Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. A candidate for the master's degree is expected to complete his work with reasonable continuity. Deadlines for Master's Degree Candidates Expecting to Graduate During 1981-82 Deadline dates for the following can be obtained by calling the Graduate School office on the Boulder campus, 492-7401. 1. Last day for requesting transfer of credit. 2. Applications for admission to candidacy . Ap plications must be submitted at least 10 weeks before the student expects to take the comprehensive final examination. Students are urged to submit this form by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which they expect to receive the degree. (The form may be picked up in the department or in the Graduate School office.) 3. Last da y for thesis to be approved by depart ment. 4. Last day for scheduling of comprehensive final examination. 5. Last day for taking comprehensive final e xaminati on . 6. Last da y for filing thesis in the Graduate School . At the time of filing, the thesis must be complete in all respects and must meet thesis specifications in order to be accepted by the Graduate School. Candidates whose theses are received after 5 p.m. on the indicated Graduate School I 71 date will be graduated at the commencement follow ing that for which the deadline is indicated. Graduate Programs ANTHROPOLOGY The master's program in anthropology offers general, flexible training in anthropology along with topical specialization and the opportunity to specialize in interdisciplinary, applied areas: medical anthropology and community and urban anthropology. The medical anthropology track is intended to serve students preparing for careers and those withestablished careers in the health care professions and related fields . Similarly, the community and urban anthropology track is intended to serve those who seek to employ anthropological concepts and methods of community analysis in public administration, development, planning, and allied fields . Working with an advisory committee, each student will tailor an individual program of studies around courses and seminars in anthropology and allied disciplines. These programs will culminate in either a master's paper or master' s thesis. A primary goal of the program is to produce graduates who are capable of understanding and proficient at resolving, in coopera tion with others , the many problems of complex socities; consequently, a premium will be placed on interdisciplinary instruction and practical exercises in the design and implementation of research in a variety of settings. More detailed descriptions of the options available within the M.A . program may be obtained by writing to the Director of Graduate Studies, Anthropology , University of Colorado at Denver , 1100 14th St., Denver, Colorado 80202 . Admission Admission to the master' s program in anthropology is open to any holder of a baccalaureate degree , not necessarily in anthropology, provided he or she meets the following requirements: (1) general requirements for admission to the Graduate School (2. 75 or better grade point average for all undergraduate studies); and (2) knowledge of the fundamentals of anthropology. Applicants will be expected to have had a general introductory course in anthropology and secondary courses in ethnology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology or be able to demonstrate a mastery of materials equivalent to that which might reasonably be expected to result from such formal training. Applicants deficient in background may be admitted on a provisional basis but will be required to make up deficiencies without graduate credit during the first year in res idence . A simpler alternative , when practical , would be to remove deficiencies as a special student prior to ap plying for admission to the graduate program. In order to be considered for admission into the master's program, an applicant must submit (1) two

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72 I University of Colorado at Denver copies of transcripts from all undergraduate institu tions attended; (2) Graduate Record Examination scores for verbal and quantitative aptitude; and (3) at least three letters of recommendation . Evidence of previous nonacademic anthropology-oriented work or other experience will be carefully considered, as will that of special skills relevant to anthropological research. Departmental deadlines for receipt of ap plications for admission to the Graduate School , in cluding accompanying materials, is April 15 for fall entrance. Further information concerning specialization within the program, departmental admission and ad vising policies, etc., may be obtained by writing the Director of Graduate Studies in Anthropology . For general Graduate School requirements and applica tion information, see beginning of graduate section of this bulletin. Residency A minimum of two full semesters devoted to ad vanced study is required by the Graduate School. Stu dents working toward the master's degree in anthropology will be strongly encouraged to attain that degree within three years following matriculation into the program. Course Hours and Distribution A minimum of 36 semester hours of credit is re quired for the M.A. degree in anthropology. Fifteen hours of nonthesis course work must be at the 500 level or above. Course work is to be distributed as fol lows for students pursuing an interdisciplinary speciality within the general anthropology track, the medical anthropology track, or the community and urban anthropology track: Course s in anthropology .... . . . . . . 15 semester hours minimum Courses in related fields . . . ....... 15 semester hours minimum For students pursuing a subdisciplinary specialty within the general anthropology track, course work is to be distributed as follows: C ourses in anthropology ...... ... . 18 semester hours minimum Courses in related fields . . . . . . . . . . 12 semester hours minimum The remaining 6 semester hours may be met either by writing a master's thesis, for which 6 hours credit is given, or by taking 6 additional hours of course work if the student prefers to write a master's paper. Examination Each student must pass a comprehensive M.A. ex amination demonstrating mastery of the fundamental principles of anthropology. This examination will or dinarily be taken before the conclusion of the fourth semester in residence. Thesis or Paper The student must either carry out an original research project and report the results in a thesis of professional quality or write a master's paper, more limited in scope, to complete the degree. A thesis provides a valuable opportunity to initiate or pursue important, individual research objectives . The master ' s paper is intended as a flexible alternative for students who wish to pursue in depth some issue or specialty topic without engaging in the sustained research effort on which a master's thesis depends. APPLIED MATHEMATICS See Mathematics Program. BASIC SCIENCE, MASTER OF Collin Hightower, Coordinator for UCD The program leading to the Master of Basic Science {M.B.S.) degree is interdisciplinary. It provides an opportunity for present and prospective mathematics and science professionals and others to extend and/or broaden their training in computer science, mathematics, museology, and the natural and physical sciences at advanced undergraduate and graduate levels. These professionals include public school teachers, industrial scientists, engineers, business persons, and others. The student may elect the mathematics, science, or museology options as described below. Wide latitude is possible in the details of a degree plan so that each student may fol low a course of study most pertinent to their interests. The degree plan will be designed in conjunction with the student's adviser and must be approved by the ex ecutive committee. All courses credited toward the degree must be taken through the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado Springs, or Denver, over a period of five years or six successive summers. The Master of Basic Science degree is supervised by an advisory committee appointed by the dean of the Graduate School, and application should be made to the Master of Basic Science Office, Ketchum 306, University of Colorado at Boulder, regardless of the campus which the student plans to attend. Requirements for Admission 1. General regulations for admission to the Graduate School apply (see Requirements for Admis sion). 2. A student is expected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the natural sciences and mathematics, including one year of calculus, upon ad mission. Students may be admitted to the program with a deficiency in calculus, but must remedy the deficiency within two years after admission by com pleting Math. 140-241 with a grade of Cor better (or other courses in mathematical subjects on approval by the advisory committee with a grade of Cor bet ter). Requirements for the Master of Basic Science Degree 1. General regulations of the Graduate School governing the award of the master's degree apply (see

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Master of Arts and Master of Science) except as modified below. 2. The student is required to complete 24 semester hours of University credit for the Plan I (thesis) option and 30 semester hours for the Plan II (no thesis) option. All of these hours shall be numbered 300 and above , and be taught by members of the graduate faculty. At least 12 of these hours shall be numbered 500 or higher , not to include thesis credit. Normally, not more than 3 hours of 500-level credit should be in dependent study. 3. Minimum Grade-Point Average. Courses on the 300 and 400 level will be accepted toward the degree only with grades of A orB; 500and 600-level courses will be accepted toward the degree with grades of A, B , or C. The student must have a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his admission to the program , including courses not actually offered for the degree . PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Students who are not presenting a thesis for the degree must pass a final examination or prepare a paper describing a research project or other specialized study. The choice of these is at the discre tion of the Administrative Committee which also must approve the candidate's performance. There are three basic options within the program: mathematics, museology, and science . A Plan II (no thesis ) option is available in the science option. Mathematics Option A reasonable degree of competence is required in the fields of analysis, algebra , and geometry. A minimum of 15 semester hours of upper division courses (300 level or above) in mathematics must be offered for the degree , including at least 3 hours of analysis , 6 hours of algebra, and 3 hours of geometry. 2. One upper division sequence of at least 6 semester hours in any of the physical or biological sciences represented in the program . With permis sion , two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for the one-year se quence . 3. Upper division electives in science, mathema tics , or computer sciences , to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of these 30, twelve or more hours must be from courses numbered 500 or higher . The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in sec ondary school mathematics teaching, history of mathematics or science, or philosophy of mathema tics or science. Science Option 1. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in each of two of the physical or biological sciences named above. With permission, two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for one of the one year sequences . Graduate School I 73 2. Upper division electives in science, mathema tics, or computer sciences, to complete an approved degree plan. Of the total, twelve hours or more must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school teaching, history of science or mathematics, or philosophy of science or mathematics. Museology Option (Boulder Campus Only) 1 . At least 8 but not more than 12 semester hours of courses offered by the museum. Three to 6 semester hours of courses in the College of Business and Administration of which 3 semester hours must be in the area of small business management. The total museum-business semester hours may not exceed 15. 2. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in one of the departments (other than museum) represented in the program. 3. Upper division electives in science, mathema tics, or computer science, to complete an approved 30semester-hour degree plan. Of the 30 hours, at least 12 hours must be numbered 500 or above . BIOLOGY Students wishing to pursue graduate work in biology should be familiar with the University of Colorado Requirements for Advanced Degrees. There are no special discipline requirements, although the prospective student must consult with a faculty ad viser prior to making application. The general portion of the GRE is required, and the specialty area is recommended. Applications are submitted directly to the biology graduate coordinator at UCD. The discipline offers either Plan I (with t hesis) or Plan II (without thesis) Master of Arts degrees in en vironmental, organismic, and population biology, and Plan II M.A. degree in biology with education . Upon admission to the program the student in consultation with an adviser will design a study program suited to the student's specific needs. There is no core of re quired courses structured into the master ' s degree program. Courses acceptable toward the master's degree in biology include , in addition to biology courses and subject to the approval of the adviser, any appropriate 400-500-, and 600-level courses offered in other disciplines or divisions of the University . It should be noted that the student may have to complete some courses at the Boulder or Health Sciences Center campuses. In conjunction with the College of Engineering and Applied Science an interdisciplinary program has been developed with a major in environmental science. The program offers several subject concentra tions within both basic and applied environmental science. Included within the basic approach are con centrations in ecology, earth science, population studies, and physics-chemistry. Included within the applied approach are concentrations in conservation of natural resources, systems analysis, and en vironmental quality control.

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74 I University of Colorado at Denver Students interested in this program should contact the Graduate Representative for Biology, at UCD. CHEMISTRY The M.S. degree is offered at UCD in any one of the following basic fields: analytical, bio-, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry. Additionally, problems involving application of chemical knowledge to the problems of our environment are en couraged. The M.S. program is available to both fulland part-time students. The chemistry faculty at UCD strives to ensure that students receive excellent super vision of work and advising in the graduate program. Students enrolled in the program have a good opportunity to be appointed as teaching assistants. Research activities on the part of the chemistry faculty provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain research assistantships. Degree Requirements Two types of degrees are offered: Plan I requires 24 credit hours including 15 to 20 credit hours of formal course work, 4 to 9 credit hours in research courses, the completion of a research in vestigation, and the presentation of a thesis. Plan II requires 24 hours of formal course work and 6 credit hours of research without a thesis. Prerequisite . An undergraduate major in chemistry is desirable since all students are required to pass examinations covering the major fields of chemistry. The GRE (Graduate Record Examination) scores are required. Advanced chemistry GREs are recom mended. Students who plan to enroll in the graduate program must take a qualifying examination to deter mine their background and qualifications for ad vanced study in the field of chemistry. CIVIL ENGINEERING Civil engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered through the combined departments of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering (Boulder) and Civil and Urban Engineering (Denver). Students wishing to pursue graduate work in civil engineering leading to candidacy for the Master of Science or Doctor of Philosophy degrees should read carefully Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. All requirements for the M.S. and a large part of those for the Ph.D. may be completed at UCD. A pamphlet elaborating on the rules as they apply to civil engineering is available from the departmental office at UCD. No qualifying examination is required for the M.S. degree; however, in competition for all University fel lowships, the Graduate Record Examination, con sisting of the aptitude tests and the advanced test in engineering, is used in the evaluation of candidates. Therefore, students are advised to take this examina tion prior to their arrival on campus. Programs are available in the fields of trans portation, water quality and water resources, hydraulics, soil mechanics, structural mechanics, and structural design. In each program, courses are selected by the stu dent (under supervision of the faculty adviser) in such a way as to meet the student's interests and the re quirements of the Graduate School. See also Master of Engineering degree. The civil engineering program has no Ph.D. foreign language requirement other than those communication requirements established by the Graduate School. Center for Urban Transportation Studies The Center for Urban Transportation Studies (CUTS), operating under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, was established: (1) to assume a leading role in the Rocky Mountain region in develop ing research, research facilities, and interdisciplinary graduate programs in urban transportation; and (2) to provide a central resource for information concerning urban transportation problems in the Rocky Moun tain region, making available to outside organizations the expertise within the University. Through CUTS, the departments offer inter disciplinary graduate programs and research oppor tunities designed to develop professionals who will be capable of dealing with the complex problems of urban transportation in a competent and meaningful manner. COMMUNICATION AND THEATRE Applicants are admitted to the graduate program in communication and theatre on the basis of their academic records and on recommendations. While there are no specific prerequisites beyond those re quired by the Graduate School, students admitted who are unable to offer a substantial number of semester hours of work in the area of their intended specialization or allied fields must expect that a significant number of additional courses and semester hours will be required of them in order to make up deficiencies. Every student must take a diagnostic examination before completing 9 semester hours. For every student who declares intention to qualify for an advanced degree, an adviser and committee will be selected not later than the beginning of the student's second semester (or second summer term) in residence. It is the duty of this adviser and committee to assume the responsibility for (1) approving the stu dent's graduate program; and (2) evaluating the stu dent's qualifying examination, thesis, and com prehensive final examination. All M.A. degree candidates are required to com plete C. T. 601 or its equivalent. At least two courses ( 4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department or outside the departmental area(s) of concentration. Plan I, With Thesis . After any undergraduate deficiencies have been removed, students under Plan I

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must normally earn 27 semester hours, of which a minimum of 16 must be earned in one major area. Four to 6 thesis credit hours may be counted toward the 27-hour requirement. The Plan II Option WIT is available at UCD only upon application. Courses at the 500 level or above may be applied toward the graduate degree by graduate students in communication and theatre. Some courses are available only on the Boulder campus; inquiry should be made. The graduate courses in communication and theatre are also applicable to the Master of Human ities program at UCD. COMPUTER SCIENCE Under the auspices of the Computer Science Department at the University of Colorado at Boulder, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the mathematics department at UCD are offering a program leading to the M.S. in computer science. The program consists of a core of five courses required of all students and the selection of a specialty field (numerical computation, program ming languages, computer systems, management science, or signal processing) in which additional courses are taken. Students may choose the thesis option (Plan I) or the nonthesis option (Plan II). Those selecting Plan I may register for 4 to 6 semester hours of credit for thesis research, working with a faculty adviser from the Boulder or Denver campus. Those selecting Plan II must take C.S. 701, the master's reading option, of fered on the Boulder Campus. In both cases the stu dent 's advisory committee usually will consist of faculty from both campuses. Admission to the program is granted by the Com puter Science Department (Boulder). Information on the program can be obtained from the department , 492-7514 or the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at UCD, 629-2872. ECONOMICS The M.A. degree in economics is offered at both the Denver and Boulder campuses. The requirements are the same and the examinations are offered jointly, but the emphasis and fields offered differ. The Denver program is oriented toward part-time students con cerned with urban problems or seeking to teach below university level. Persons interested in the program should contact the graduate adviser, Professor Alan Shelly. Requirements for Admission (Students not meeting these requirements may be admitted provisionally.) 1. General requirements of the Graduate School. 2. Three letters of recommendation. 3. Sixteen semester hours of economics. 4. Acceptable GRE scores. Graduate School I 75 Degree Requirements 1. Economic Theory: Econ. 507. 2. Quantitative Methods: Econ. 580 (or 480), and Econ. 581. 3. Plan I: An M.A. Thesis . Twenty-four semester hours, of which 12 must be at the 500 level and 4 to 6 semester hours of thesis credit. Thesis credit does not count toward the twelve 500-level hours. 4. Plan II: Without Thesis. Thirty semester hours , of which 16 must be at the 500 level. Two fields of con centration. Each field requires 6 credit hours, but the structure is highly flexible, e.g., one field can be an in ternship. EDUCATION Graduate study in education at the University of Colorado is offered on three campuses (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) and through 14 program areas. All inquiries regarding programs at UCD should be directed to the Associate Dean's Of fice, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Associate Dean of the Graduate School at UCD. A wide range of professional and academic interest is served by these programs. Programs of study can be undertaken in the following areas: Administration and supervision Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations Guidance and counseling (elementary, secondary, and agency settings) Library media Reading Secondary education (Mathem atics education, Science education, English education, Social studies education) Graduate studies in education are offered at the M.A. (thesis and nonthesis) level. In some instances, doctoral work can be taken at UCD, but only with the prior approval of a student's adviser, and the dean' s office on both the Boulder and Denver campuses. Outlines of each of the graduate programs of study are available upon request from the School of Educa tion Office at UCD. Since many of the graduate degree plans are flexible and can be designed around individual student needs, it is highly desirable that the prospective candidate discuss tentative programs of studies with appropriate faculty members prior to submitting applications. Application for Admission A prospective candidate should request application forms from the Associate Dean, School of Education , University of Colorado at Denver. The completed form should be returned to the Associate Dean , School of Education, UCD, together with a $20 application fee. The fee should be in the form of a check or money order payable to the University of Colorado. Two copies of official transcripts of all previous college and university study should be ordered by the applicant to be sent to the associate dean. Four recommendations on the forms provided, or by letter, should be fur nished. At least two of these should be from college or

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76 I University of Colorado at Denver university professors who can write with assurance about the applicant 's academic and professional achievement promise. One or two recommendations from supervisors or employers are acceptable with reference to an applicant's ability and contribution to the enterprise with which he was or is associated. Application papers and all supporting documents (including GRE scores or MAT scores, see below) must be in the associate dean's office on April 1 for summer and fall, and October 1 for spring semester admission . Applicants should request the Educational Testing Service to send their scores on the aptitude test (ver bal and quantitative) of the Graduate Record Ex amination (GRE), or scores from the Miller's Analogy Test, to the dean's office. If an applicant has not taken the Graduate Record Examination or the Mil ler 's Analogy Test, he should arrange to do so. The GRE or MAT is administered at many centers throughout the country. Information about the GRE may be obtained from the Graduate School Office, the Student Relations Office at UCD, the Educational Testing Service, 20 Nassau Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or the graduate office of a university in the applicant's area. Master's Degree Two Master of Arts degree plans and a Master of Education plan are available, each comprising one academic year or more of graduate work beyond the bachelor's degree. The minimum residence require ment for any master's degree is one academic year or the equivalent, and it may be satisfied by two semesters in residence, or three full summer sessions, or any combination equal to two semesters. DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 1. M.A. -Plan I (With Thesis). The program con sists of 36 semester hours or more, including 4 semester hours for the master's thesis. While the in clusion of a minor field is not required by the Graduate School, a student and adviser may agree on a minor, in which 4 to 8 semester hours can be applied toward degree requirements. The M.A. thesis is written in accordance with the specifications set by the Graduate School and under the supervision of the student's adviser. When a com plete first draft is ready for final typing, the thesis must be read by a second reader appointed by the dean 's office. If the second reader approves the thesis, both the reader and the adviser will sign it when it is presented for filing with the Graduate School. If the reader does not approve, he and the student's adviser will confer and suggest appropriate changes. Two copies are required by the Graduate School. 2. M.A. Plan II (Without Thesis) . The Plan II program includes 36 or more semester hours of graduate credit, and may include 4 to 10 hours for a minor. The minor is highly recommended in some fields of study. 3. Master of Education (M.Ed.). This program re quires a minimum of 36 or more semester hours of graduate work, including a professional report for which 2 semester hours credit is granted. The profes sional report is prepared under the supervision of the student's adviser, in accordance with thesis specifica tions issued by the Graduate School. One copy is sub mitted to the adviser upon completion, but none is filed with the Graduate School. EDUCATION AS A MINOR FIELD In M.A. programs for majors outside the School of Education, students may include education as a minor if both their major department and the dean's office of the School of Education approve. For master's degrees, a minor in education consists of at least 6 semester hours of study in related courses. Not more than 2 semester hours may be transferred from another institution. Students who propose to minor in education must have had sufficient undergraduate work in education to prepare them for graduate study in the field. Ap praisal of undergraduate preparation will be made by the dean's office and the coordinator of the program area in which the proposed minor courses will be taken. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Electrical engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered through the combined Departments of Electrical Engineering (Boulder) and Electrical and Computer Engineering (Denver). Students can undertake studies toward the Master of Science and Ph.D . degrees at UCD in the areas of communication and information systems, computer hardware and software, control systems, electro optics and holography, circuits and electronics, fields and propagation, and power systems. A student wishing to pursue work in electrical engineering should read carefully the Requirements for Advanced Degrees section in this bulletin, and should also obtain a copy of the specific electrical engineering requirements by writing to the Director of Graduate Admissions, Electrical Engineering Depart ment, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309. Special students and those intending to pursue a graduate program at UCD are urged to consult the departmental representative as part of their application procedure. Master's degree students are expected to present a thesis unless specifically exempted by the department. The Ph.D. preliminary examination will include the following areas: Bioengineering Circuits (active, passive , models) Communication theory Computers Control systems Electric and magnetic fields Energy conversion Physical and semiconductor electronics

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Each student must complete two sections, mathematics and the area in which he/she plans to specialize, and must present an acceptable master's thesis or the equivalent as an indication of ability to perform independent research. ENGINEERING, MASTER OF The Master of Engineering degree program is ad ministered by the Graduate School through the department s of engineering . The requirements for ad mission and for quality and quantity of academic work are essentially the same as for the Master of Science degree awarded in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The principal difference between the Master of Engineering degree and the Master of Science degree is that the Master of Engineering is intended es pecially to meet the needs of those practicing engineers who wish to follow an integrated, inter disciplinary program of studies in engineering or in engineering and allied subjects related to the in dividual student's professional work. Examples of such interdisciplinary programs include engineering and social sciences, engineering and biological sciences, engineering and behavioral sciences, engineering and public administration, engineering and law, and engineering and business administra tion. The degree will be especially valuable for continu ing education programs for engineers in industry. It will provide a framework for such persons to work toward significant goals fitted to their particular in terests. The program can include courses which are made available on video tape or on live television. The Master of Engineering degree is not intended as a means to permit a random, unguided selection of courses. Each prospective student is required to pre sent a well-defined objective in order to be admitted to the program. In consultation with the faculty ad visers, an academic program is developed to meet this objective. The requirements for the degree are 30 credit hours plus a written report on a creative investigation which may be related to the student's professional work. The report will be of the same general quality as that re quired for the thesis for the Master of Science degree and must be defended orally, but does not in itself carry credit nor require registration. It may be based upon work done for credit under independent study. At least 15 credit hours must be in engineering at the 500 level or above. As many as 15 credit hours may be taken outside of engineering. Credit in courses below the 400 level will not apply toward degree require ments. The admission of each student to graduate study, the approval of his degree program, admission to can didacy for the degree, and the approval of the awarding of a degree are to originate through a specific department of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, in the same manner as for the es tablished Master of Science program. An advisory Graduate School I 77 committee, including not fewer than three faculty members, will be appointed for each student by his/her department. The membership of each ad visory committee shall be chosen from the various in terdisciplinary academic areas represented in the stu dent's program and will be from more than one department. The advisory committee guides the stu dent, and is responsible for approving the individual's degree program and admission to candidacy; and ap proves the student's written report and the awarding of the degree. Additional information about the degree may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science departmental offices on the Boulder and Denver campuses. ENGLISH Students admitted to graduate study in English may complete all or substantially all of their course requirements for either the M.A. or Ph.D. at UCD; examinations are administered through the English Department on the Boulder Campus. Admission requirements for graduate study in English include satisfactory scores on verbal and ad vanced (literature) parts of the Graduate Record Ex amination, plus at least 24 semester hours in English (exclusive of composition, creative writing, speech, and literature courses counting as credits in educa tion, but including 6 hours of Survey of English Literature), of which at least 16 semester hours must be in upper division work. Students wishing to pursue graduate work in English should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin . The y also should obtain a copy of the brochure , Graduate Study in English, is sued by the English department and should consult the director of graduate English studies at UCD. All students planning to take any graduate English examination must state their intentions to the direc tor of graduate English studies at UCD at least ten weeks prior to the date of the examination. The graduate courses in English are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE A Master of Science degree in environmental science is offered through cooperation between the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. For further details contact the associate dean of the Graduate School at UCD. FINE ARTS Some course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in the discipline , but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Courses at the 400 level also may be used for graduate credit as part of the minor; 500level courses are open to qualified seniors. The graduate courses in fine arts are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.

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78 I University of Colorado at Denver FRENCH At present UCD offers no French courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate adviser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in French are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD. GEOGRAPHY An M.A. degree program is offered at UCD emphasizing the spatial analysis of a variety of urban phenomena. Areas of specialization include urban economic/social geography, transportation, quan titative methods, urban microclimatology, demography, land use, perception, and environmen tal planning. Graduate training toward the Ph.D. degree is also available at UCD, but applications are presently processed by the departmental office on the Boulder campus. Flexible programs are designed to meet the needs of both fulland part-time students. All incoming graduate students will be required to complete Geog. 618 (Seminar in Geographic Problems). This orientation and diagnostic seminar emphasizes research methods and their application to selected topics. Each student's performance will be evaluated by the faculty to: (1) determine the general fitness of the student to continue toward the M.A. degree and (2) identify any academic deficiency the student may have. For admission to the M.A. program, the student must have a bachelor's degree in geography or some allied field. Applicants with little or no training in geography may be required to take additional course work in areas deemed necessary for completing graduate work. The GRE verbal and quantitative ex aminations, or their equivalent for foreign students, are required of all applicants. GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES Course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in this discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder. HISTORY As general preparation for graduate work in history, it is desirable for a student to have had undergraduate courses in government, geography, and economics as well as a major in history. Candidates for graduate degrees may be required to pursue such fundamental courses in history as the department deems necessary to provide sufficient bibliographical background. The candidate for degree status is required to take the verbal section of the Graduate Record Examina tion before enrolling in the discipline's graduate program, and demonstrate adequate informational background for candidacy. The advanced history sec tion of the GRE is recommended but not required. While it is possible to obtain the M.A. degree in two full semesters of residence, is is frequently advisable and at times necessary that more time be spent in graduate work. Degree Requirements There are two options for fulfilling M.A. degree re quirements. A student may take 30 semester hours of course work or 24 semester hours plus a thesis. The department strongly recommends the latter option. A comprehensive written examination must be passed before the degree is awarded. Before beginning graduate work, the student should seek guidance in course selection from members of the history faculty. HUMANITIES, MASTER OF The Master of Humanities is an interdisciplinary degree offered at UCD. Its purpose is to provide an op portunity for students to broaden their understanding of the relationships among the several areas normally subsumed under the heading of humanities, e.g., com munication, philosophy, the arts, literature, and the languages. The M.H. program is especially suitable for the many high school, junior high school, and elementary school teachers who find themselves in the position of having to teach in several different areas of the humanities. However the M.H. program is by no means restricted to teachers. All courses required for the M.H. degree are offered at UCD. Admission Each student is required to take the Graduate Record Examination aptitude test as an aid in the planning of his studies for the degree. Before entering the M.H. program, a student is ex pected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the humanities. Humanities, as used here, is broadly con ceived to include general studies in communication, theatre, philosophy, literature, the arts, the languages, and other areas as agreed upon by the stu dent and the Graduate School. General requirements of the Graduate School governing the awarding of the master's degree apply. Degree Requirements All courses credited toward the M.H. degree must be taken at the University of Colorado over a period not exceeding five years or six successive summers. The M.H. degree program shall be supervised by an advisory committee consisting of three members of the graduate faculty, each from a different area of the humanities. In addition to the 6 hours for Hum. 500 and 501 (described below), candidates for the M.H. degree are expected to complete a minimum of 24 semester hours at the 500 level or higher in four of the following areas (i.e., 6 hours in each of four areas):

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Communication History English Music Fine arts Philosophy French language and Spanish language and literature literature Theatre Up to 6 hours in areas other than those listed above may be accepted as humanities as agreed upon by the student and the advisory committee. The requirement of 6 hours in each of four areas is intended to insure that the student achieves a con siderable degree of breadth. On the other hand, this requirement should not be construed as precluding the student from doing additional work in one par ticular field in order to achieve further depth. Within one calendar year of entering the M.H. program, the student is required to take Hum . 500 and 501. These are 3-credit seminars which deal with the identity of the humanities, their place in the life of man, the various media through which they manifest themselves, and related matters. Hum. 500 and 501 count as part of the 30 hours required for the M.H. degree. Twenty-four of the required hours will be taken in the disciplines listed above, the remainder to be completed through Hum. 500 and 501. Before completing 15 hours of course work toward the M.H., the student must meet with an advisory committe to plan the directions and emphases for the remainder of studies for the degree. After completing the 30 hours required for the degree, the student is required to pass a comprehen sive examination covering three of the four areas in which course work has been concentrated. It should be stressed that this examination is rwt a combination of three different master's degree examinations; rather, it is an opportunity for the student to display, and the faculty to view, the student' s expertise in combining significant aspects of three different fields , bringing major trends and ideas of the fields into meaningful relationships with each other. The examination will be composed and administered by the student's ad visory committee. After satisfactory completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must present a final thesis or project. This is a substantial scholarly and/or creative exercise involving three different humanistic areas . It is supervised by the student's advisory com mittee and must be performed or presented before an open seminar consisting of the committee and any other faculty members who wish to attend. The ap proved thesis or report of thesis-performance shall be recorded in the Graduate School. Throughout this work toward the M.H. degree , the student must uphold the high standards of the Graduate School, maintaining at least a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his admission to the M.H. program. Required Courses The only courses specifically required for the M.H. degree are the new Hum . 500 and 501 described above. The 24 hours (in addition to Hum. 500 and 501) re quired for the degree will normally be drawn from 500level courses which already exist at UCD. Graduate School I 79 The language requirement for the M.H. degree is fourth-semester proficiency in a language relevant to the student's particular course of study. Such relevancy will be decided upon by the student's ad visory committee. For further information about the Master of Humanities degree program students should contact the Division of Arts and Humanities. MATHEMATICS Two graduate degrees may be earned in mathematics: the M.A. in mathematics and the M.S. in applied mathematics. (Also see Master of Basic Science.) It is the responsibility of each individual student to see that the requirements for these degrees are satisfied at the proper time. To begin graduate work toward one of the above degrees, a student should have at least the following preparation: 30 semester hours in mathematics in cluding, beyond a full course in calculus, a year's course in advanced calculus, 3 semester hours of linear algebra and either a 3-semester-hour course in higher algebra or a 3-semester-hour course in ordinary differential equations. Students who do not have all the prerequisites for one of the advanced degrees may still be admitted provisionally if, in the faculty's judgment, their record justifies this (but also see the Graduate School admis sion requirements) . For a mathematics minor for a graduate degree, a full course in calculus is a prerequisite. Requirements for the M.A. and M.S. The student must present 30 hours of course work, including a 6-hour minor. All mathematics courses submitted must be numbered 500 or higher. If the minor is taken outside of mathematics, the minor courses must be numbered 400 or higher. These 30 hours must include at least two of the fol lowing two-semester sequences. See the Schedule of Courses for courses offered. Math . 501-502. Topology Math. 511-512 . Theory of Numbers Math. 513-514. Abstract Algebra Math. 515-516. Linear Algebra Math . 521-522. Projective Geometry Math. 523-524. Differential Geometry Math. 531-532. Real Analysis Math. 535-536. Complex Variables Math. 537-538. Topics in Applied Mathematics Math. 541-542. Calculus of Variations Math. 549-550. Partial Differential Equations Math. 553-554 . Mathematical Physics Math. 560-561. Numerical Analysis Math. 562-563. Numerical Solutions of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations Math . 571-572. Logic Math. 573-574. Set Theory Math. 581-583. Statistics and Probability Math. 581-587. Statis tics Math . 583-585. Probability There is no thesis requirement for either degree. However, the candidate must make a one-half hour oral presentation on an approved topic. A committee

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80 I University of Colorado at Denver of two graduate faculty members is selected by the candidate to approve the topic and supervise its preparation and presentation. There is no foreign language requirement for either master's degree. However, students who may want to continue for a Ph.D . should satisfy at least one of the foreign language requirements before obtaining a master ' s degree . Mathematics offers a wide assortment of programs leading to a master ' s degree. All programs must be planned in consultation with and approved by a mathematics graduate adviser. SUGGESTED M .A. IN MATHEMATICS FrnsT YEAR Semest e r H o ur s Math . 515-516. Linear Algebra I, II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Math . 535-536. Functions of a Complex Variable I , II . . . . . . . 6 M i nor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 S ECOND YEAR Math . 513-514. Modem Algebra I, II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Math. 531-532. Introduction to Real Analysis L II........... 6 Minor ................................................... _j! Total 30 Suggested M.S. In Applied Mathematics FIRST YEAR Seme s ter H ours Math . 560 -561. Numerical Analysis I, II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Math 543. Ordinary Differential Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Math . 549. Introduction to Partial Differential Equa t i o n s I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Minor................................. . ......... ....... . 3 SECO ND Y EAR Math. 505. Topics in Combinatorial Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Math . 5fY7. Advanced Calculus III . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. 3 Math . 5 3 7 -538. Topic s in Applied Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Minor . ............................... . . . ......... . ...... _j! Total 30 MUSIC Graduate study in music at UCD is presently of fered in several cooperative programs with the Univer sity of Colorado at Boulder. Varying amounts of work toward the Master of Music Education and the Master of Music degrees may be taken in Denver. Ad mission to these programs is achieved by application to the Office of the Associate Dean for Graduate Study, College of Music, in Boulder . Postbaccalaureate study in the special areas of con centration unique to UCD include composition and arranging, sound synthesis and recording , and music and media . Since these are innovative programs, prospec t ive candidates should make personal inquiry at UCD about requirements . The music educator intending to undertake graduate work will find the UCD programs attractive , particularly if he or she has special interests in jazz , rock, improvisation, sound synthesis and recording , and the repertory associated with today's youth. The composer-arranger-performer-producer who seeks graduate training in the fields of recording, television, and music for advertising also will find UCD responsive to his or her needs. Applied Music Polley All performance standards, requirements , and credits specified for a particular music degree in this college do not necessarily transfer and become accept able for any other music degree within the college. Ad ditional information on this policy is available from the Office of the Associate Dean , UCD College of Music. PHILOSOPHY Applicants for admission to the Graduate School for work toward an M.A . or Ph.D. degree with a major in philosophy are expected to have had 18 or more semester hours in undergraduate courses in the sub ject , including history of philosophy . While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Students wishing to pursue graduate work in philosophy should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin and should obtain from the department a copy of the Graduate Program in Philosoph y. The Graduate Record Examination i s not requ i red . Certain special programs exist (M.A.'s in com parative East/West philosophy and in history and philosophy of science), details of which may be had on request. PHYSICS While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the Unive r sity of Colorado at Boulder. Physics courses at the 400 level may be used for graduate credit for students i n non physics graduate programs. POLITICAL SCIENCE Admission to the M.A. Program Students applying for admission to the M.A. program in political science normally should present at least 18 hours of undergraduate or previous graduate work in political science, at least 9 hours of which should be at the upper division or graduate level. Deficiencies may be made up at UCD by enroll ing in political science courses as a special student. Deficiencies usually must be made up before t he s tudent will be admitted as a regular degree student, and the work involved will be in addition to the minimum hourl y requirements for the degree. Graduate Record Examination aptitude scores are required of appli cants . The department may make exceptions to these requirements in unusual cases (for instance , where

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course work in related fields such as psychology, economics, and history, or practical political ex perience, compensate for course work deficiencies in political science) . Master of Arts In Political Science The degree requirement shall consist of at least 25 semester hours of work at the graduate level , in cluding at least one seminar in each of three broad areas of political science-American, foreign, and theory-and at least one additional graduate seminar in political science. The other 13 hours may be dis tributed among other political science seminars, the master ' s thesis (4 hours), and a maximum of9 hours combined in independent study and work in cognate disciplines (but not more than 6 hours of either). Emphasis of the political science discipline at UCD is on critical perspectives, creative teaching and writing, interdisciplinary work, experiential involve ment, and cooperative research projects . Close and continuing contact among students and between faculty and students is encouraged. PSYCHOLOGY The M.A. program offers a specialty in child development, and is appropriate for persons who will have responsibility for implementing and evaluating child care delivery programs, as well as for those with research and/or service functions associated with early psychological development . Students wishing to pursue graduate work leading to the Master of Arts degree should read Require ments for Advanced Degrees. The GRE (verbal and quantitative) Aptitude Tests and Advanced Test in Psychology are required. The master's degree program is the only graduate program in psychology offered at UCD. Any questions should be directed to Professor Graham M. Sterritt, director of the graduate program, or to the Graduate School. SOCIAL SCIENCE, MASTER OF The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.) graduate degree program was instituted at UCD in 1978 to provide a number of different kinds of students with an opportunity to design their programs to satisfy their unique educational needs within the social sciences. Typical students include public school teachers, social service workers, criminal justice counselors, and senior citizens returning to university studies. The flexibility of the program, with emphasis on breadth of understanding, continues to be one of its Graduate School I 81 most attractive features as well as the possibility of including an internship of a work-related project as a significant part of the student's program . Former stu dents have indicated that this degree program has also satisfied work-related goals either on their con tinuing jobs or in the process of change of careers . General rules for admission to the Graduate School apply. For further information contact Dr. Richard H. Ogles, director of the Master of Social Science , 629-2847. SOCIOLOGY The M.A. degree in sociology offered at UCD has an urban focus with an applied emphasis . The urban sociology program is designed to complement profes sional degree programs in environmental design , medicine , nursing, community health, physical engineering, public and business administration , education, and fine arts by providing advanced seminars, and planning and research opportunities in urban theory and methodology. Requirements for Admission 1. General requirements of the Graduate School. 2. A combined grade-point average of at least 3 . 0 for all courses taken in sociology as an undergraduate or graduate prior to admission. 3. Three letters of recommendation. 4. A statement specifying the purpose and goal of advanced study. Degree Requirements 1. Completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours of approved graduate work. 2. Completion of a project in the format of an arti cle prepared and submitted for publication in a relevant professional journal. 3. Sociological theory sequence-6 hours (Soc. 515 and 516). 4. Research methods sequence-6 hours (Soc. 507 and 508). 5. Area of concentration-14 to 16 hours 6. Passing of comprehensive final examination. SPANISH At present UCD offers no Spanish courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A . degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate adviser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in Spanish are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD. ..

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College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Daniel Fallon, Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE Study of the liberal arts and sciences aims to develop human potential in order to bring the best of human intellect and emotion to bear on the ex periences and challenges of life. By providing a broad educational foundation, the arts and sciences prepare students to initiate careers, to change careers in midlife, to pursue advanced study in a discipline, to study for a professional career such as law or medicine, and, in general, to lead a rewarding and productive life. The curriculum helps students to in crease substantive knowledge, to learn skills such as logical argument and clear expression , to gain new in sights relationships in nature and society, to develop cntiCal thought and interpretive ability, to solve complex problems rationally, and to heighten aesthetic appreciation. To these aims, the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences supports a vigorous interaction b:tween faculty and students. A dedicated faculty with strong academic credentials is committed to highly motivated urban students who represent a broad range of age and experience. Thus, the cur riculum of the College maintains traditionally high university academic standards while providing numerous flexible learning opportunities to meet the varied objectives of university students from the Denver metropolitan area. At the undergraduate level, the College offers a high-quality liberal educational program that also prepares students for subsequent professional and graduate study. At the graduate level, the College offers students disciplinary broad interdisciplinary master's degree programs which may serve as a means of beginning study toward doctoral degrees. Because students are consulted and involved in the design of both undergraduate and graduate programs the curriculum of the College reflects the concerns of Denver area students. There are many opportunities to study urban problems, confront contemporary is sues,. participate in off-campus working internships, and m general make use of the resources of the city. To accommodate the many students who are employed full time during the day, about half of all courses offered by the College are scheduled after 5 p.m. Many students enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to study the liberal arts and participate in the general education associated with the B.A. or B.F.A. degree as an end in itself. Upon receiving a degree, some students decide to continue study at the .level. Others set aside further formal study and Imtiate careers. Because a libera l education provides a broad foundation in problem-solving skills substantive knowledge that can be widely ap plied, graduates of the College have begun careers in a variety of positions in industry, commerce, and government. Many students also enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences specifically to prepare themselves for admission to one of the professional schools of the University, which include the School of Dentistry, School of Education, School of Journalism, School of Law, School of Medicine, School of Nursing, School of Pharmacy, and Graduate School of Public Affairs. The specific admission requirements for each of these professional schools can be met in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . The faculty of the College provide instruction at the undergraduate level through three academic divi sions: Arts and Humanities, Natural and Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. Each division offers a wide variety of curricula including traditional un dergraduate major programs, interdisciplinary studies, and preprofessional programs. The degrees offered by the College at the un dergraduate level are the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.). A number of degrees are offered at the graduate level. MAJOR PROGRAMS Students can earn the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in the following areas: Anthropology Biology Chemistry Communication and theatre Economics English Ethnic studies Fine arts (students may study for either a B.A. or B.F.A . degree) French Geography Geology German History Mathematics (students may also choose a specia l computer science option) Philosoph y Physics Political science Population dynamics Psychology Sociology Spanish Urban studies Writing program

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Special options are available for those students who would like to distribute their major program studies among two or more disciplinary majors (distributed studies) or who would like to propose a unique major program tailored to meet a specific objective (in dividually structured major). The College also provides the necessary course work to prepare students for careers in elementary or secon dary teaching, journalism , and laW.. as well as the fol lowing health science fields: child health associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy, podiatry, and veterinary medicine. Double Majors Students may graduate with more than one major (e. g . , mathematics and French) by completing all re quirements for both majors. Second Degrees Students who have been awarded a bachelor's degree (either from the College or elsewhere) may be granted a second bachelor's degree provided that (a) all general requirements for the degree have been met; (b) the major for the second bachelor's degree is dif ferent from t he major for the first; and (c) at least 30 hours are completed in this College after admission to the second degree program. Double Degrees Students may earn two degrees from two different schools or colleges of the University of Colorado simultaneously by fulfilling all requirements for both degrees. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences re quires that a student complete at least 90 liberal arts credits and 150 total credits in order to be granted two bachelor's degrees. It is recommended that students planning one of these multiple programs consult with the College Ad vising Office at the earliest possible date. Note: Graduate degree programs offered by the faculty of the College through the Graduate School are described in the Graduate School section of this bulletin. UCD/MSC Pooled Courses Beginning fall semester 1980, courses offered by the School of Liberal Arts and the School of Science and Mathematics at Metropolitan State College and by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Colorado at Denver form a common pool of resources available to students at both institutions. University of Colorado at Denver students may register through UCD for any course in the pool of fered by Metropolitan State College , and MSC stu dents may register through MSC for any course in this pool offered by the University of Colorado at Denver. Course titles and grades for these courses will be posted on the transcript of the student's home institu tion. Credit earned in these courses will apply to the College of Liberal Arts and Sc ienc e s I 83 total number of credits required for a bachelor ' s degree from either institution. Students should check with the appropriate academic adviser and depar t ment faculty member to make sure a particular course will count toward the specific requiremen t s for a degree major and/or minor. In order to fulfill the College's residenc y require ments, students must take approximatel y 2 5 percent of their course work from University of Colorado faculty. These requirements are described in full un der Residency Requirements in this section. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION Entering FirstYear Students Students planning to enter the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences must meet the requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin under Admission Policies and Procedures. Applicants to the College are considered for admission according to the following schedule.1 If: And: You r Rankin HighSc h o ol Y ourACT Clas s I s Comp o s i te Upper1/ 2 23 or higher Upper2/3 18-23 Lower 1 / 2 Below 18 Transfer Students Or Your Combined SAT Score 1 ,000 or higher BOO or higher Below BOO Then: Y o ur Status for Admission Is Ass u re d admissio n C onsi d e red o n an individual ba sis Con s ide r ed b y Admissi o n s Committe e Students who have attended another college or uni versity are expected to meet the general requirements for admission of transfer students as described in the General Information section of this bulletin . Appli cants who have been away from a college environment for more than three years will be considered on the basis of all factors available: high school record, test scores, original college admission qualifications , col lege performance , and interim experience s that might suggest potential success in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. A maximum of 72 semester hours taken at a community college may be applied toward a degree in the College. ACADEMI C POLICIES Students are referred to the General Information section of this bulletin for a description of academic policies that apply to all undergraduate students at UCD. The policies which follow apply specifically to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . 'This s c hed u le corresp o nde to the general requirements des c rib e d i n the Gene r a l Inf orma t i o n aectio n , but more detail i a provided here for proepecti ve C ollege o f Libe r a l Arta a nd Science s studen ts.

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84 I Univ ersit y of Colorado at Denver Academic Ethics Students are expected to conduct themselves in ac cordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Therefore, the faculty assumes that term papers , reports, studio work , results of laboratory ex periments, and examinations submitted by the stu dent represent the student ' s own work. Students are referred to the Statement on Academic Honesty ofthe College of Liberal Arts and Sciences , available from the Office of the Dean for guidance on generally ac ceptable limits on cooperation in the preparation of academic work , and for a discussion of what con stitutes academic dishonesty. Academic dishonesty, such as plagiarism or cheating , is a serious charge which, if substantiated, may result in course failure, probation, suspension , or expulsion from the University. The Academic Ethics Committee, composed principally of faculty and stu dents, is charged by the faculty of the Coll.r-ge with considering evidence in contested cases, determining guilt or innocence , and assessing penalties. Special rules of the committee, available from the Office of the Dean, have been designed to insure due process. Academic Advice and Information Students in the College are expected to assume the responsibility for planning their academic programs in accordance with College rules and policies and ma jor requirements . To assist students, the College maintains an advising staff located in the East Class room Building, Room 45, telephone 629-2555. Stu dents are urged to consult with the staff of this office concerning individual academic problems and progress toward their degrees. As soon as the student has determined a major, he or she must declare the major to a department ad viser . The department adviser will be responsible not only for t he student's advising but also for the cer tification of the completion of the major program for graduation. Students planning to earn a degree from one of the professional schools should an adviser in that school. Each professional school has certain specific requirements. Preprofessional health science students should see a member of the Health Careers Commit tee during their first year in the College. Appoint ments should be made through the sciences secretary in the Science Building , Room 101, 629-2646 . The College has organized a Prelaw Advising Com mittee for the purpose of advising all UCD students who are interested in careers in law. This committee has a library of law school catalogues, prelaw hand books , and other relevant documents , advises in dividual students, interviews students who need to secure a dean ' s letter for application to certain law schools , and sponsors meetings at which information of interest to prelaw students is shared . Students may contact the Committee through the Office of the Dean , telephone 629-3396. UCD also has a counseling servire available through the Office for Student Affairs to which a student may go for assistance with personal problems. Career counseling is available to all students with majors in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. As sis t ance in skills analysis, resume preparation, and career exploration is available through the Office of the Dean , telephone 629-3396. Academic Probation and Scholastic Suspension Good academic standing in the College requires a grade-point average of 2.0 (C) on all University of Col orado course work. Grades earned in another college or school within the University of Colorado are used in determining the student's scholastic standing and progress toward the degree . However, grades earned at other institutions are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the Univers ity of Colorado. ACADEMIC PROBATION Students whose cumulative grade-point averages fall below a 2.0 (C) at the end of the fall or spring semester will be placed on academic probation for the following semester. Students will be informed in writing concerning the grade-point requirements which must be met by the end of the succeeding semester. The grade-point requirements are listed in the table below. Students must continue to meet the required grade-point average each semester until their cumulative grade-point average is a 2.0. At that time students will be removed from probation . SCHOLASTIC SUSPENSION Students on academic probation who do not meet the required grade-point average in the succeeding semester will be suspended from the College for one year . Scholastic records of students are reviewed as soon as grade reports are available at the end of the fall and spring semesters. Studen t s are informed in writing of scholastic suspension. H o urs D eficie n cy 1-10 11-2 0 21-30 O v er 30 Grade-Point Auerage i n the Most R ecent S e m ester 2.2 2 . 3 2.4 2 . 5 The number of hours deficient is equal to the number of credit hours of B work that the student must earn to raise the cumulative G . P.A. to 2.0 (C) . For example , if the student has attempted 24 semester hours and has earned 42 grade points, the G.P.A . is 1.75 . The student needs 6 semester hours of B to raise the G.P.A . to 2 .0. To calculate the hours of B that are needed , multiply the total hours attempted by 2 and subtract the number of grade points from this figure . Example: 24 semester hours attempted X2 = 48; 48 42 grade points = 6 semester hours of B needed or 6 hours deficiency. In attempting to raise a grade-point average while suspended , a student may register for courses in the University of Colorado summer term on any campus,

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for correspondence study through the University, or for credit courses offered through the Division of Con tinuing Education. FIRST SUSPENSION The normal period of suspension is two regular semesters (one academic year, excluding summer term) , after which the student will automatically be readmitted on probation to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The student then will be expected to meet the sliding scale (based on the student's Univer sity of Colorado record only) until the cumulative G.P.A. reaches 2.0. Failure to do so will result in a second suspension. A student under a first suspension may be readmit ted before the end of the normal suspension period only if the student has demonstrated academic improvement in one of the following ways: 1. By achieving a cumulative 2.5 average on all summer or correspondence work attempted at the University of Colorado since suspension. (A student must register for a minimum of 6 credits in the summer term on any campus, through correspondence work, or through credit courses in the Division of Con tinuing Education.) 2. By raising the cumulative grade-point average to 2.0 through correspondence or summer work at the University of Colorado. 3. By raising the cumulative grade-point average to 2.0 at another institution. (The cumulative grade point average is defined in this instance as the grade point average at the University of Colorado in com bination with course work taken at all other in stitutions.) Upon return to the University, however, the student retains his or her previous grade-point average. The G . P .A. from other institutions does not transfer back to the University of Colorado. SECOND SUSPENSION A student suspended for a second time will be read mitted only under unusual circumstances and only by petition to the Academic Standards Committee of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Each petition will be examined individually. The committee will expect the student to show that chances for successful completion of an educational program in the College have been materially improved by factors such as in creased maturity or a relief from stressful circum stances. The deadline for petitions to the Academic Standards Committee for reinstatement for any fall semester is August 1; for reinstatement for any spring semester, the deadline is December 1. A student who completes 12 or more semester hours at anothe r institution must apply for readmission to the University of Colorado as a transfer student, . regardles s of his or her status in the University of Colorado . He or she also must present a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average on all collegiate work attempted (at the University of Colorado and elsewhere ) in order to be considered for readmission. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I 85 Petitioning for Special Requests or Exceptions to Standing Academic Polley The Academic Standards Committee is responsible for the administration of the academic policies of the College as established by the faculty. This faculty student committee constitutes the bridge between the faculty in its legislative capacity and the students upon whom the legislation comes to bear. The com mittee alone is empowered to grant waivers of exemp tions from and exceptions to the academic policies of the College. Students wishing to submit a petition to the committee should meet with the advising staff first to discuss the petition . One of the major responsibilities of the committee is the handling of suspension and reinstatement of suspended students. The normal period of suspension is two regular semesters (one academic year, excluding summer term). However, students susp ended a second time will be reinstated only under unusual circumstances and only by petition to the committee. Course Load The normal course load is 12 to 18 semester hours each semester. Students registered for fewer than 12 hours are regarded as part-time students . Students wishing to register for 19 hours or more must obtain approval from the dean. Designation as a part-time or full-time student depends only upon courses taken for credit in the University and does not include cor respondence courses or noncredit courses . To receive credit, the student must be officially registered for each course. Students who hold or expect to hold fullor parttime employment while enrolled in the College should register for course loads they can expect to complete without unusual difficulty. Recommended course loads are given below, but each student must weigh his or her own abilities and assess the demands of each course in determining an appropriate schedule. The College assumes that all courses selected will be completed. Employed 20 hours per week 10 to 13 semester hours, or three to four courses. Employed 30 hours per week 8 to 11 semester hours, or three courses. Employed 40 hours per week -6 to 9 semester hours, or two or three courses. Summer Term: Since the summer term is only 10 weeks long, the recommended course load is less than in the fall and spring. Employed fewer than 15 hours per week -9 semester hours, or three courses. Employed 15 to 30 hours per week-6-8 semester hours, or two courses. Employed over 30 hours per week -3-5 semester hours, or one course. Courses taken at the University of Color-ado at Boulder, and the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, and interinstitutionally with MSC or CCDA, are included in the total load.

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86 I University of Colorado at Denver Note: 6 semester hours is considered a full load in the summer term. Maximum course load is 9 semester hours. Students wishing to register for 10 hours or more must obtain approval from the dean. Earning Academic Credit Special Options Students in the College may earn credit toward a degree for knowledge gained prior to enrollment in the College or for knowledge gained outside of College courses. Some specific programs by which credit is awarded include Credit by Examination, Advanced Placement, and the College-Level Examination Program. These are described in the General Informa tion section of this bulletin . In addition, credit may be earned for Cooperative Education, Army ROTC, and the following activities. CORRESPONDENCE STUDY Students in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, with the approval of the dean, may take work in correspondence study offered by the Univer sity's Division of Continuing Education. A maximum of 30 hours of correspondence work may count toward the degree. CREDIT FOR COURSES IN THE PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AND IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION Students may count toward the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees as many as 24 semester hours of course work from curricula leading to degrees other than the B.A. (business, engineering and applied science, environmental design, jour nalism, music, nursing, and pharmacy). College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students desiring secondary school certification will be allowed to take up to 37 semester hours in the certification program of the School of Education as part of their total required hours for the Bachelor of Arts degree. Students desir ing elementary education certification will be allowed up to 44 hours in the certification program. Vocational and technical courses from a two-year program may not be included. Activity courses in physical educa tion, up to a maximum of 8 semester hours, will count toward the 120 hours required for the degree. CREDIT FOR INDEPENDENT STUDY Students may register for independent study with the written approval of the appropriate faculty member and divisional dean. The amount of credit to be given for an independent study project (not to ex ceed 6 credits per semester) shall be arranged at the time of registration. A maximum of 12 credits taken on an independent study basis may apply toward the bachelor's degree. Independent study credit may not be used to satisfy the College area distribution re quirements. Effective summer 1978, independent study courses are numbered as follows: 910 . 919 920 . 929 930 . 939 940 . 949 950 . 999 • Freshman level course Sophomore level course Junior level course Senior level course Graduate level course Candidate for degree COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM (CLEP) An exciting challenge is available to College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students who want to earn university credit by examination in subject areas in which they have obtained college-level proficiency. Interested students are encouraged to take ap propriate subject examinations provided in the Col lege Level Examination Program of the College Entrance Examination Board Testing Service. The College will award credit for the following subjects if a student scores at the 67th percentile: Arts and Humanities American literature Analysis and interpretation of literature English literature Natural and Physical Sciences Biology General chemistry Geology Introductory calculus General psychology Social Sciences American government American history Introductory economics Western civilization Students should contact the Office for Student Af fairs, Central Classroom Building, Room 107 A, 629-2861, to arrange for the examinations. SUMMARY Following is a listing of the types of credit and the maximum number of hours that may be earned for nonclassroom work. Types of Credit Advanced Placement Credit (AP) College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) Cooperative education Correspondence study Credit by examination Independent study Maximum Credit Hour s Allowed Toward the B . A . Degree No limit 30 semester hours 12 semester hours 30 semester hours No limit 12 semester hours Graduation Requirements STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES The student is ultimately responsible for knowing the requirements for his or her degree and for fulfilling

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these requirements . Upon completion of the require ments (including those of a major), the student will be awarded the appropriate degree . THE LIBERAL EDUCATION PROGRAM In order to qualify for a B.A. or B.F.A. degree from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, students must complete the liberal education program, which consists of area distribution requirements and a foreign language requirement . To satisfy the area distribution requirements, stu dents must choose from a list of available courses in each of three areas: 1. Arts and humanities -12 semester hours. 2. Natural and physical sciences -12 semester hours. 3 . Social sciences -12 semester hours. Lists of courses that will satisfy these area require ments are available in the Schedule of Courses published each fall and spring semester and summer term. The Schedule may be obtained in each divisional office and in the Office of the Dean of the College. To satisfy the foreign language requirement, stu dents must demonstrate proficiency in a foreign language. This requirement may be met prior to ad mission as a student by completion of a Level ill high school course in any classical or modern foreign language. Students who have not satisfied the requirement upon admission may do so by (a) demonstration of a third-semester proficiency by ex amination, (b) completion of a third-semester course in the College. Students are strongly urged to begin or continue their college-level language studies im mediately upon enrollment in the College. Students who elect to continue a language studied before enter ing the College will be placed in courses appropriate to their levels of preparation. Students are urged to consult the advising staff of the College or any foreign language faculty member regarding foreign language study and t he foreign language requirement. MAJOR REQUIREMENTS In addition to completing the above mentioned Col lege requirements, students in the Bachelor of Arts degree program must declare a major. As soon as a major has been determined (no later than the begin ning of the junior year), students must declare their intentions to the major departments . Each department stipulates its own requirements for the major. These requ i rements shall i nclude at least 30 semester hours of work in the major area (as determined by the department) of C grade or higher, at least 16 hours of which shall be at the upper division level. The grade average in the major s hall be at least C. Not more than 48 semes t er hours in one field may be counted in the 120 hours required for t he degree. The student is responsible for knowing the requirements for the ma jor. The department adv i ser shall be responsible for determ i ning when a studen t has satisfactorily com-College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I 87 pleted the requirements for the major and for so cer tifying to the dean of the College. For requirements of the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree, consult the Fine Arts section in the alphabetical listings under the description of programs. UPPER DIVISION REQUIREMENT Students must complete at least 45 semester hours of upper division work (courses numbered 300 or higher) to be eligible for the bachelor's degree. Any student may register for upper division courses providing he or she has satisfied the prerequisites or has the approval of the discipline in which the course is offered. Courses transferred from a community college carry lower division credit. Exceptions to this require ap proval of the dean of the College and the appropriate discipline representative, who may ask the student to validate upper division credit by taking an advanced standing examination. TOTAL CREDIT-HOUR AND GRADE-POINT REQUIREMENT To qualify for the Bachelor of Arts degree in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences , students must pass at least 120 semester hours with an average of at least 2.0 (C) in all courses attempted at the University of Colorado . RESIDENCE REQUIREMENTS Beginning in fall 1981, the College has instituted the following residence requirements: General Statement. The following general statement of residency applies fully to any student who is admitted to UCD as a first-term freshman and com pletes all course work on the Auraria campus. To qualify for award of a baccalaureate degree, a student must earn the last 30 semester hours while enrolled as a degree student in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Further, the student must have completed: 1. Among the last 60 semester hours, at least 30 in courses taught by University of Colorado faculty. 2. Of these 30 residence semester hours, at least 21 in courses numbered 300 or above. 3. At least 15 semester hours in fulfillment of the distribution requirements for the B.A. degree courses taught by University of Colorado faculty. Special Provisions for Transfer Students. The fol lowing special provisions and interpretations apply to students who do not begin as UCD students: 1. For purposes of residence in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences for award of a bac calaureate degree, all students will be regarded as UCD students from the time they first have access to the common pool of courses . Therefore, students who begin at Metropolitan State College (MSC), thereby participating in the common pool of courses , and then later transfer to UCD will be treated for purposes of residency as if they had been UCD students from the

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88 I University of Colorado at Denver time they first had access to the common pool of courses. The same general rule will also apply to UCD students who transfer to MSC and then transfer back to UCD. 2. Students transferring from other institutions of higher education, including MSC, will in general be evaluated in accordance with the following graduate table. Number of semester hours accepted in transfer work from other institutions 0 (see standard definition for freshman) 30 60 90 (or more) Total number of required semester hours atUCD (30/60) (30/60) 30 30 Total number of required upper diuision semester hours atUCD (21/30) (21/30) 21 15 Total number of required area distribution semester hours at UCD 15 12 9 6 3. Interpretations among values shown in the table above will be made by the Office of Academic Advis ing in consultation, as appropriate, with the Aca demic Standards Committee. 4. As with any academic regulation, students with compelling reasons to justify an exception may peti tion to the Academic Standards Committee. 5. It is not the intent of the new residence require ments to impede the academic progress of any student enrolled in the College before the implementation of these requirements. Accordingly, the Dean's Office may make exceptions for students enrolled before fall 1981. 6. All courses taken in the common pool in the 1980-81 academic year and summer 1981 were taken prior to implementation of these residence require ments. Therefore, these 1980-81 courses will be treated for purposes of residency as if they were courses taught by University of Colorado faculty. Residence Requirements for Major Programs. Each department within the College may have a residence requirement for its majors. Students should check with their major departments in order to ascertain these requirements. SENIOR PROGRESS REPORT AND DIPLOMA CARD Upon completion of 80 semester hours of course work, each student must make an appointment with the College Advising staff to determine the student's status with respect to degree requirements. During registration for their last semester, students are required to file Diploma Cards, indicating the date they intend to graduate, and Applications for Degree Candidacy. Failure to file a Diploma Card with the College Advising Office will result in delayed graduation. Diploma Cards and Applications for Degree Candidacy are available in the College Advis ing Office. SUMMARY CHECKLIST OF GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS Liberal Education Program 1. Arts and humanities: 12 semester hours. 2. Natural and physical sciences: 12 semester hours. 3. Social sciences: 12 semester hours. 4. Foreign language: third-semester proficiency in any one language or completion of a Level ill high school foreign language course. Major Requirements 1. 30 to 48 semester hours in the major field. 2. A minimum of 30 hours of C grade or better in the major field. 3. A 2.0 (C) grade-point average in all major course work. 4. A minimum of 16 semester hours of upper divi sion courses in the major, C grade or higher. 5. Special requirements as stipulated by the major adviser. General Requirements 1. A total of 120 semester hours passed. 2. A 2.0 (C) cumulative grade-point average on all University of Colorado course work. 3. A minimum of 45 semester hours of upper divi sion course work. 4. The last 30 hours while registered in the College. Note: Not more than 48 hours in any one field and not more than 24 hours outside the College can be in cluded in the 120 hours required for the degree . New Graduation Requirements Beginning spring semester 1982, the College will have new graduation requirements. Students who first enroll in the College in this semester or after will be expected to fulfill these new requirements. Stu dents who have been admitted and taken courses in the College prior to spring 1982 will have a choice of completing their degree programs with either the new requirements, or those stated above. The new require ments are similar to the present requirements in many respects, and the total number of semester credits required is about the same. There will be , however , two important new requirements: (1) a com position requirement, fulfilled by either examination or course work and (2) a computation requirement, fulfilled by either examination or course work. An information sheet describing the new degree re quirements is available in the College Advising Office, East Classroom Building, Room 45, telephone 629-2555.

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SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Honors FORMER POLICY FOR GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION A student who performs superlatively in course work in the College will be awarded a bachelor's degree accompanied by the statement, with distinc tion. To be eligible for graduation with distinction, a student must have completed at least 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado and have obtained a grade-point average of 3.5 or higher by the end of the semester prior to the final semester's work toward the degree. The cumulative grade-point average must be based upon all collegiate work attempted, both at the University of Colorado and elsewhere. NEW POLICY FOR GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION Effective summer 1978, all graduating seniors must have completed a minimum of 45 semester hours at the University of Colorado (on any CU campus), in cluding the fmal semester, with a grade-point average of at least 3. 75. The 45 semester hours must be com pleted in the student's junior and senior years. The student also must meet the College's residency re quirement, i.e., the last 30 hours in the College. Students who feel they are qualified to graduate with distinction, but who do not meet these stan dards , may petition to the Academic Standards Com mittee for a review of their particular cases. Petitions dealing with these standards will rarely be approved, however , and then only with evidence of academic performance equivalent to the standard. Special Notes 1. Courses that UCD does not offer, but that the faculty encourages students to take at the other Auraria institutions (MSC and/or CCD), may be counted as part of the 45 semester hours. 2. A maximum of 6 semester hours may be com pleted with a grade of P (on P/F option) and included in the 45 semester hours. 3. All credit courses which are completed through the Division of Continuing Education may be in cluded in the 45 semester hours. 4. In calculating the minimum total of 45 semester hours, part of a semester will not be counted but, in stead, all courses in a semester will be included. The new policy outlined above was approved by the Academic Standards Committee on April 19, 1978. Both the old and the new policies will be administered simultaneously for all students who matriculated prior to summer 1978. For those students who matriculated in summer 1978 or after, only the new policy will be used . COLLEGE HONORS PROGRAM Independent of graduation with distinction, which is based on grades alone, the College offers a program College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I 89 through which students can qualify for the following honors awarded by the College: summa cum laude, magna cum laude, or cum laude . The determination of the level of honors to be awarded is made by the College Honors Council. These awards may be earned either in a specific department (Departmental Honors), or in general studies (General Honors) or in both. In either case, special independent creative work is required to qualify. Any junior or senior stu dent with a cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 (B) or higher may participate in the program. In order to qualify for the award of College honors in a discipline, a student must (a) complete a research project or honors thesis in the discipline, (b) take the Advanced Graduate Record Examination, and (c) take an oral examination administered by an honors committee. The College-wide General Honors program is designed to encourage and assist academically strong students to achieve a greater degree of breadth in their educational experiences than they ordinarily might obtain in their college careers. The program is intended for students who like to deal creatively with ideas and who desire to extend education beyond the usual course requirements. Any qualified junior or senior may enroll in honors seminars without becom ing a candidate for graduation with honors. Grading in honors courses is based on the designations H (Honors), P (Pass), and F (Fail). All honors courses carry upper division credit. In cross-listed courses, open to honors students upon consent of the instruc tor, honors students may expect to do additional or in dependent work as determined in consultation with the professor. In order to qualify for General Honors , a student must (a) complete at least four honors courses with grades of H, (b) submit an honors paper, and (c) take oral and written honors examinations administered by the College Honors Council. Detailed information concerning the Honors Program may be obtained from the director of the Honors Program or from the College Advising Office. Students interested in the program ordinarily should begin participation in their junior year. Cooperative Education Based on the precept that employment experiences can often contribute to liberal education, the Cooperative Education Program is designed to provide opportunities to supplement academic work with practical experience. Students may be placed as employees with corporations, businesses, and public agencies in ways that complement or enhance their academic course work. Many cooperative education students choose to contract with a professor in their major fields to receive academic credit for their work experiences. An academic cooperative education con tract designates a certain number of academic credits for satisfactory performance in a related work ex perience. The credit is contingent upon satisfactory completion of whatever academic project the faculty member chooses to assign in conjunction with the job.

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90 I University of Colorado at Denver The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences par ticipates in this program with cooperative education courses offered at the 398 level in each department. These courses are listed under each department heading in the Course Description section of this bul letin. Students placed by the Cooperative Education Office in paid or volunteer assignments, as well as stu dents who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligi ble, subject to the guidelines below: 1. The participant in the program will be enrolled in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and generally have attained sophomore standing . 2. The participant must have at least a 2.5 grade point average . 3. A contract for Cooperative Education credit is required for all projects . It is to be completed by the employer, sponsoring faculty member, and the stu dent before being approved by the divisional dean. 4. Job experience approved for credit will be related to the student's undergraduate academic cur riculum. 5. Credit will be aproved for more than one semester for a job, provided that the learning pos sibilities and responsibilities of the student allow for additional academic growth. 6. Projects will be granted from 1 to 6 hours of credit per semester. The num her of credit hours will be arranged between the student and the sponsoring faculty member with possible consultation with the employer . The number of credit hours must reflect the quality of the academic experience gained from the project, not the hours worked. 7. Twelve hours is the maximum number that a student can earn toward the bachelor's degree in Cooperative Education. Departments may decide whether or not Cooperative Education hours will count toward requirements for the major. Cooperative Education hours may not count toward the Area Distribution Requirement. 8. The Cooperative Education project may not simultaneously be used for academic credit in other programs such as Independent Study. Students should contact the Cooperative Education Program office for further information and forms for placement and credit, 1047 9th Street, 629-2892. Study Abroad Study Abroad programs are available to University of Colorado at Denver students through the Study Abroad Office at the University of Colorado at Boulder . This office is a branch of the Office of Inter national Education and offers over 20 different study abroad programs around the globe . Some of these programs are of the traditional junior year abroad variety, which places a student directly in a foreign university for an academic year . Such programs are available at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, England; the University of Bordeaux, France; the University of Costa Rica, San Jose ; the American University in Cairo, Egypt; the University of Regens burg, Germany; the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel; the University of Bologna, Italy; Konan University , Japan; the University of Seville, Spain; the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Catholic University of Lima , Peru; and Leningrad State University, U.S.S.R. Engineering and commer cial Spanish students may be particularly interested in programs at ITESM in Monterrey, Mexico. Generally students need to have completed a minimum of two years of college work with a B average or better and have studied two years of the appr9priate language. For students unable to spend an academic year abroad, programs for a single semester are available with various emphases , particularly on intensive language learning. Students may study beginning in termediate language in Chambery, France, during the spring semester of each year. In either fall, spring, or summer, students may attend a one-semester language program in Jalapa, Mexico. Students who wish the experience of a foreign institution may at tend a single-semester program in San Jose, Costa Rica; Rennes, France; or Seville, Spain. Special sum mer programs, e.g., art history in Italy, are organized with specific departments upon request. All participants in University of Colorado study abroad programs remain enrolled at the University. Financial aid from the University can be applied to program costs in most cases, and all credit earned while abroad is considered resident credit. More information about study abroad programs is available in the Auraria Student Assistance Center or by calling 629-3474. Study Skills Center The Study Skills Cen t er is administered by the College on behalf of UCD . The purpose of the center is to help UCD students develop methods of efficient study. Services are available to help specifically with particular subject areas , as well as to strengthen general academic and research skills. The center is located in Room 237, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-2802. Each semester the center offers three courses for which students may receive 1 semester hour of credit graded on a pass/fail basis: developmental composi tion, developmental reading, and college preparatory mathematics. Detailed course descriptions may be found in the Course Description section of this bul letin. A maximum of 3 semester hours in study skills courses may be included in the 120 required for the degree. A noncredit modular course, such as rapid reading, also is offered in which students may accelerate reading speed, learn reading flexibility, and build word-grouping ability and comprehension . Study technique workshops (noncredit) are offered in such topics as knowing one's way around , organizing one's time, knowledge of the library , recognizing sentence errors, prereading and translation reading , listening and note-taking, building a vocabulary , writing the four-paragraph essay , taking examinations , and believing in oneself .

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The center has available a collection of books, in cluding a number by minority authors and about minorities, which may be utilized for research assignments as well as for improvement of general knowledge . Special Services Program The Special Services Program is a federally funded project designed to assist selected students to be suc cessful in their university lives. The goal of the project is to increase the likelihood for students with special needs to graduate from UCD. This is done by providing academic support services to students dur ing their freshman and sophomore years. Services provided include the following: tutorial assistance, classroom instruction in basic skills, classroom in struction in English as a second language, academic advising, personal counseling, academic skill improvement, diagnostic testing, student advocacy, and disabled student services. Students must meet specific eligibility criteria in order to receive services as the project is designed to provide intensive help to a specific target population. Students eligible for participation include low income students, culturally diverse students, students with limited English speaking ability who are U.S. citizens or who hold a permanent visa, academically deficient students, and physically disabled students. Any student who feels he or she may be eligible for these ser vices should contact a special services adviser in Room 237, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-8345. PREPARATION FOR PROFESSIONS Completion of the undergraduate curriculum of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences can prepare stu dents for a number of careers in the professions. Infor mation on preparation for those professions most fre quently asked about by students in the College is presented here. Students seeking information about other professions should contact the College Advising Office . Law Students intending to enter a school of law may ma jor in any field while completing their bachelor's degree programs since law schools do not generally specify a particular undergraduate degree major. Suc cessful prelaw students from the College have had majors in many different fields. However, students preparing for law school should place primary emphasis on learning superior methods of study, critical thinking, and communication skills, which are often considered more important by law schools than factual knowledge alone. College courses should be chosen with care to produce a balanced pattern of skills and insights. Sufficient English should be studied to insure good use of language skills in gram mar, spelling, composition, and rhetoric, and also to develop a capacity for analysis and criticism. Because College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I 91 the natural sciences provide an appreciation for in ductive and deductive approaches, evaluation of evidence, and detailed accuracy of observation, some study in this area is desirable. Mathematics is helpful in developing a capacity to think analytically, as are certain courses in philosophy. The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is required of all applicants for admission to law school and should be taken as early as possible during the senior year. For additional information, students should review the current Prelaw Handbook, published an nually in October and prepared by the Law School Admissions Council and the Association of American Law Schools. This book includes material on the law and lawyers, prelaw preparation, applying to law schools, and the study of law, as well as individualized information on most American law schools. It may be ordered from Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey 08540. Any student who aspires to a career in law should contact the College pre-law adviser, telephone 629-3396. Students interested in applying for admission to the School of Law of the University of Colorado should contact the Admissions Office of the School of Law, Room 118, Fleming Law Building, Boulder, Colorado 80309. Journalism Students interested in preparing for a career in journalism may decide to obtain a bachelor's degree from the College as a general preparation, or they may choose to complete a B.S. degree in journalism. The B.S. degree in journalism is granted from the School of Journalism at the University of Colorado at Boulder. However, the first two years of the jour nalism curriculum may be completed at UCD within the College. Students pursuing the journalism B.S. degree normally transfer into the School of Jour nalism at the beginning of the junior year. To be con sidered for transfer admission, a student must have completed a minimum of 60 semester hours with a grade-point average of at least 2.25. Interested stu dents should consult the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for detailed information concerning requirements for the B.S. degree in journalism. Information is also available in the College Advis ing Office, Room 45, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-2555. Health Careers Course programs have been developed within the College to prepare students for the following specific careers within the general area of health sciences. Child health associate Dental hygiene Denti&try Medical technology Medicine Nursing Optometry Osteopathy Pharmacy Physical therapy Podiatry Veterinary Medicine

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92 I University of Colorado at Denver Because the prerequisites for these health career programs are continually changing, students in terested in pursuing one of these careers should contact the Health Careers secretary, Science Building, Room 101, 629-2646, or the College Advising Office for current requirements and for advising. Education Students seeking certification for teaching at the elementary and/or secondary school level must com plete a major program in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and approximately 30 to 50 semester hours of professional education work in the School of Education. Students completing all requirements will receive a Bachelor of Arts degree and teacher cer tification. Early planning is crucial for students intending to enter the Teacher Education Program. Since the School of Education has initiated a new program at both the elementary and secondary levels, students must consult the School during their first semester on campus concerning new requirements for the Teacher Education Programs, 629-2717. PRE-EDUCATION PROGRAM Students pursuing teacher certification should so indicate on all application and registration materials so that they may be advised by the education counselor or faculty members. Application for admis sion to the Teacher Certification Program should be made during the last semester of the sophomore year. The minimum requirements for acceptance are: 1. Completion of at least 60 semester hours of ac ceptable college work with a grade-point average of 2.5 for all courses attempted, and 2.5 for all courses attempted at the University of Colorado, and 2.5 in the major teaching field. No student will be recom mended for certification to teach in any field in which the grade-point average is less than 2.5. 2. Information on the general education require ments for students planning to student teach at the secondary or elementary school level are available in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Of fice and the School of Education. COLLEGE-WIDE INTERDISCIPLINARY ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Most of the individual departments represented in the College have numerous links with other dis ciplines, and many faculty members consequently en courage students to take courses in related disciplines. In the natural and physical sciences new subject matter areas are emerging from blends of traditional disciplines; examples include biochemistry, geophysics, biophysics, and psychobiology. In the social sciences the similarity of method and of subject mat ter from discipline to discipline tends to promote broad interaction and a sense of common purpose. In the arts and humanities the continual synthesis of useful analytical ideas and concepts gains strength as it is tested against differing perspectives; comparative literature, mixed media fine arts, and philosophical psychology are examples of this kind of inter disciplinary involvement. Therefore, students will often find opportunities to explore relationships among different disciplines while studying within traditional disciplines. In some instances, such as ethnic studies, much or most of the academic work can be characterized as interdisciplinary even though the area is treated as a traditional discipline. The following programs are explicitly interdisciplinary and college-wide in character. Distributed Studies The College's distributed studies major has been designed for those students who wish to develop con solidated major programs based upon the study of two or three disciplines together rather than to focus their major programs on single disciplines. In pursuing a distributed studies major, a student works closely with a faculty adviser to develop a specific program. One discipline is designated as primary subject, and then one or two other disciplines are designated as secondary subjects. The total program must consist of at least 60 semester hours in at least two disciplines. The disciplines must be disciplines or areas offered within the College, and the program may not include a first-year course in English (101, 102) or foreign language (101, 102). General requirements for the primary subject are (a) a minimum of 30 semester hours with grades of C or better, (b) . of which a minimum of 12 semester hours must be in upper divi sion course work with grades of C or better. General requirements for the secondary subject(s) are (a) a minimum of 30 semester hours from among one or two disciplines, and (b) at least 12 semester hours in any one discipline. The specific requirements in any case depend upon the program worked out with a faculty adviser, who may stipulate specific course require ments. Students interested in a distributed studies major program should contact the College Advising Office for additional information, telephone 629-2555. Ethnic Studies For a complete description of the Ethnic Studies program, see the Division of Social Sciences section of this bulletin. Individually Structured Major Some students wish to study in depth, as a major program, a coherent topic area that crosses traditional disciplinary lines and/or requires significant indepen dent study to complete. These students are en couraged to propose a design for an individually struc tured major program. To pursue an individually structured major program, a student must work out the details of the proposed program sometime after his or her first year in the College with a committee of three College faculty members. The major becomes the student's official program upon final approval by the faculty committee. In recent years students in the

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College have structured majors in such areas as French and cinematography, or oral history and en vironmental planning. Advising for the individually struc tured major is available through the Office ofthe Dean , 629-3396. Population Dynamics Lind a, Dixon, Director The Population Dynamics Program is a multidisci plinary major designed to provide a comprehensive and flexible educational experience for persons who are interested in population processes, especially within the urban environment. Emphasis of the major is on the social, economic, and mental health problems complicated by the dynamics of population proce sses. The principal departments involved are biology, geography, psychology, and sociology. The major is appropriate for students inte nding careers in the fields of urban and community planning, family planning and counseling, population education, en vironmental demography, and population-related careers in community action progr ams , neighborhood health centers, and local, state, and federal agencies. Students completing this major may enter graduate progra ms in most of the social, behavioral, and natural sciences, demography {pop ulation studies), public affairs and administration, urban and regional planning, and in public health , medicine, law, or social services. All students majoring in population dynamics will be expected to meet the following course require ments: 1. a. A minimum of 6 hours of P.D.P. 300-2, Workshop in Population Dynamics1 b. A minimum of 3 hours of P.D.P. 310-3, Prac ticum in Population Dynamics c. N.P.S. 200-3, Human Sexuality 2. Any two of the following three courses: Geog. 473-3. Population Geography Soc. 421-3. Advanced Population Studies Soc. 424-3. Migration 3. One of the following four courses: Psy. 211-3. Experimental Research in Psychology Soc . 402-4. Statistics Math. 383-3. Introduction to Statistics Geog. 400-3. Introductory Quantitative Methods in Geography 4 . A minimum of 24 additional hours from the follow ing disciplines with not more than 12 hours from any one discipline: anthropology, biology, communication and theatre, computer science, economics, geography, physical education, political science, population dynamics, psychology, rehabilitation services, social science, and sociology. Students s hould consult with the program director in selecting t hese hours to be sure the courses are acceptable in the program. Note: Those students wishing to receive teacher certification should consult with t he academic counselor in the School of Education and sho uld familiarize themselves with the School of Education requirements in this bulletin. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I 93 Urban Studies Faculty: Cedric D. Page The Urban Studies Program has a fourfold purpose. First, it provides an in-depth understanding of urban problems to permit the student to pursue advanced degrees in one of several traditional academic dis ciplines in the College of Environmental Design or in the Graduate School of Public Affairs. Second, the program permits graduates to move directly into a variety of careers with federal , state, and local agen cies as well as private companies concerned with urban affairs. It also provides a desirable second ma jor or minor for students preparing for public school teaching, human service, legal, or medical careers. Third, an undergraduate degree in urban studies provides a liberating educational experience for those whose career interests have not been fully decided . Fourth, the major increases an individual's sensitivity to and awareness of the unique experiences and problems of economic, social , and ethnic groups in cities. The generalist who is trained in the application of analytical and policy tools of a variety of disciplines will be more immediately employable and will be of significant value to his or her community. Since urban centers are increasing in size and influence , an understanding of the city and its problems is in dispensable and essential to the modern urban society. The baccalaureate major in urban studies is designed to prepare and train such citizens. The urban studies major is designed to provide both flexibility and depth in the relevant academic perspectives, as well as versatility in career selections. The major provides an interdisciplinary view of the city and its environs in a more comprehensive manner than any single traditional academic discipline can provide. The requirements of the major in course units therefore are greater. Whereas most academic disciplines require about 30 semester hours of course work, the urban studies major requires 46. MAJOR IN URBAN STUDIES-UCD/MSC The Urban Studies Program offers course work leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in urban studies. Course work is jointly offered by Metropolitan State College and UCD and there is a common major. The emphasis of the program is an interdisciplinary approach to learning. To support this approach, five areas of course concentration are offered within the major: 1. Local government-urban planning 2. Housing patterns and alternatives 3. Cultural life-styles 4. Transportation and communication 5. Community service development ' The Workshop in Population Dynamics has a varied theme each semester. I t is the purp06e of the workshop to synthesize the multidisciplinary nature o f the program through selected themes. The wor kshop will utilize community persons to conduct various sessions relating the academic aspects of the program to community need s.

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94 I University of Colorado at Denver Urban Studies Major for Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science 1. A total of 22 hours of core courses is required. 2. A total of 12 hours selected from each of four areas. 3. A total of 12 hours in a concentration to be selected by the student. Core Courses URS 210-3. Urbanization in the U.S.' (recommended for UCD students) or URS 100-3. Introduction to Urban Studies. URS 200-3. Inside Look at Urban Institutions . URS 311-3. World Patterns of Urbanization.' URS 489-4. Interdisciplinary Seminar. Coop. Ed. 398. Internship in Urban Studies' or URS 499-3. Advanced writing course, which may be taken from Community Service Development, English, or Co=unications 3 credit hours. Statistics, which may be taken from economics, geography, mathematics, psychology, or sociology 3 credit hours. Total credit hours 22 One course is required from each of the following areas for a total of 12 hours: Urban Spatial Structuring URS 310. Internal Structure of the City. URS 351. Community Development and Planning. URS 400. Urban Simulation. Geog. 204. Geography of Denver . Geog. 360. Urban Geography. Geog. 461. Urban and Regional Planning . Urban Political Processes URS 210. Analysis of Urban Boundaries. URS 350. Emerging Urban Political Systems. URS 400. Urban Simulation. P.Sc. 200. American State and Local Government . P.Sc. 202. Introduction to Public Administration. Soc . 371. Political Sociology. P.Sc. 407. Urban Politics.' Urban Economic Systems URS 400. Urban Simulation. Econ. 202. Principles of Economics. Econ. 335. Urban Economic Analysis . Econ. 425. Urban Economics.' Geog. 461. Urban and Regional Planning. Urban Social Factors URS 289. Urban Problems: Mental Health and the Urban Community .' URS 400. Urban Simulation. Geog. 132. Geographic Analysis of Current Social Issues. Geog. 362. Land Use and Population. Geog . 462. Land Use: Residential. Soc. 213. Urban Sociology. Soc. 300. Urban Sociology.' Soc. 321. Social Structures. Concentrations In each of the four following concentrations, the stu dent will select a minimum of 12 hours with a minimum of 6 hours in urban studies. The student may take any combination of interdisciplinary courses related to the concentration to be selected in consultation with an adviser. One of the courses should be a skills course related to the concentration.2 Courses in urban studies may be combined with other courses in anthropology, economics, geography, history , political science, psychology, or sociology either through MSC or UCD. Local Government-Urban Planning. The basic conceptual and theoretical planning processes are studied as they relate to and actually appear in urban government occupations and professions. The con centration is designed for students seeking entry into government occupations or seeking advanced study in public administration or urban planning beyond the bachelor's degree. Housing Patterns and Alternatives. This concentra tion will emphasize the assembly and development of residential land, the nature of public and private programs to provide housing and the maintenance and rebuilding of neighborhoods. A broad range of topics will include the evolution of public intervention in housing and residential renewal, the conflict between physical and human criteria in housing deci sions, and constraints on the public 's ability to deal with housing issues. Completion of this concentration provides a foundation for graduate work and/or employment in a wide range of public and private housing agencies. Cultural Life-styles. This concentration focuses on the impacts on the urban landscape of the life-styles of various cultures, be they ethnic, racial, chronological, religious, economic, or gender. The consequences of these impacts are viewed as among the most significant determinants of urban structure, form, function, and social interaction. The student is provided with specialized training and experience for entry into professions with public or private agencies which deal directly with these groups within a pluralistic urban environment. Transportation and communication. The transpor tation/communication concentration has three basic academic foci: (1) to aid students in refining their perceptions of the various networks that exist in the urban setting; (2) to provide tools and techniques to analyze these networks; and (3) to increase students' understanding that transportation and communica tion are interdependent with such factors as land use, politics, and demography. Completion of this con centration provides a foundation for a professional career or further graduate training. Division of Arts and Humanities Shirley White Johnston, Assistant Dean The Division of Arts and Humanities offers programs in the traditional humanistic disciplines as 'UC D courses. 'S kills courses provide tools to the student for his/her concentration . They may include a planning course, a workshop on housing regulatiOJ!B. or a on media materials. The selection of the course should be d1scussed w1th an advtser .

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well as interdisciplinary studies on both the un dergraduate and gradua te level. Undergraduate . Students seeking bachelor's degrees may major in communication and theatre, English, fme arts, French, German, philosophy, and Spanish. (See the following individual department sections for details.) Students may also earn B.A.'s in interdisciplinary curricula such as the General Writing Program and the distributed studies major. The General Writing Program, which acquaints stu dents with the rhetoric and methodologies of the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, prepares its graduates for writing careers in a wide variety of fields. (See the section on the English program for details.) The distributed studies major combines two or three fields and is particularly appropriate in the interrelated disciplines that make up arts and humanities; students can enrich their undergraduate education through in-depth study in such areas as literature, theatre, and filmmaking, for example; or the languages and literatures of America, Britain, France, Germany , and Spain; or the languages and literatures of North America and Latin America. (See the section on College-Wide Interdisciplinary Academic Programs.) Students who earn the B .A. within the Division of Arts and Humanities have excellent preparation for graduate education in their majors and for advanced training in professional fields such as medicine and the other health sciences, law, business, public af fairs, and architecture. Arts and humanities majors also provide excellent preparation for jobs in teaching, journalism, personnel administration and manage ment. Graduate. A complete program leading to the Ph.D. is offered in English; programs leading to the M.A. are also fully available in communication and theatre and English. A graduate curriculum leading to the Ph.D. in communication and theatre is also available although students in this program must at present complete some of their work on the Boulder campus. Fine arts , French , philosophy, and Spanish also offer courses on the graduate level. (For details on all these programs, see the Graduate School section.) Students interested in majoring in any of the dis ciplines or in participating in any of the specialized programs should request additional information from the divisional office. For information on scheduling of courses, consult the appropriate Schedule of Courses for day, time, and meeting place of classes . INTERDISCIPLINARY PROGRAMS IN THE HUMANITIES Undergraduate. The Honors in Humanities program is designed for students whose primary academic emphasis lies outside of the humanities, although anyone interested in a structured cur riculum in humanistic studies is invited to par ticipate. Students in the program must complete 27 semester hours, distributed as follows: Humanities College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I 95 101 (3 hours); subject-oriented courses arranged each semester around specific themes or subjects ap propriate to humanistic approaches (18 hours); an up per division Writing Seminar (3 hours); and a Senior Seminar (3 hours). Students successfully completing the program will graduate with Honors in Humanities. For details, contact the program direc tor, 629-2730. Graduate. A complete interdisciplinary program leading to the Master of Humanities is available at UCD. This curriculum combines the arts, com munication, literature, philosophy, and theatre, and is especially attractive to public school teachers who teach in several areas. For details on this program, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin. COMMUNICATION AND THEATRE Faculty: Samuel A. Betty , J. Brad Bowles, Laura Cuetara, Robley D. Rhine, Jon A. Winterton. Atten dant: Ila M. Warner. Adjoint: J. Joseph Craft. An undergraduate wishing to major in communica tion and theatre will choose one of the three basic areas of emphasis: communication, theatre, or com munication and theatre education. An emphasis in radio-television is available, but part of the work must be completed at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Each emphasis has its own requirements for graduation, and specific programs will be developed in consultation with the student's major adviser to in sure that each student's term-by-term schedule, choice of electives, involvement in cocurricular and extracurricular activities will be best suited to his or her needs, skills, and goals. Lists of required and sug gested courses in each of the three areas of emphasis may be obtained from the divisional office. Communication Emphasis The primary goal is to equip the student with a wide range of theoretical perspectives and diverse communication skills. The theoretical perspectives generally focus on face-to-face communication in in terpersonal, small group, institutional, and com munity settings. The skills component of the emphasis seeks to equip students with flexibility in their communication repertoires so that they may react effectively to their analysis of communication situations. The program offers two types of courses to the stu dent: (1) courses in communication and rhetorical theory, which present traditional rhetorical theories, empirical support for communication theories, strategies for the application of communication theory to problems confronting the community; and (2) courses focusing on the development of the stu dents' communication skills which promote con fidence in their abilities to perform effectively in many contexts. These courses build into the students' repertoires the tactics and strategies of effective ex pression.

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96 I University of Colorado at Denver The communication emphasis requires that stu dents take a total of 48 hours of course work (usually 16 courses) in communication and theatre. Seven courses (21 hours) are required. Five courses (15 hours) are chosen from a list of specified alternatives. The remaining 12 hours may be chosen from a wide range of courses available in communication and theatre, allied disciplines, or independent study pro jects. Since requirements for the communication emphasis insure that the student knows both com munication theory and how to apply it, communica tion graduates are generally well equipped for employ ment. Students with an interest in management and administration, training, writing and copy prepara tion, public relations, information services, and a wide variety of occupations focusing on communica tion will find in the communication emphasis a cur riculum relevant to their expected employment needs. Theatre Emphasis This program provides a broad range of experiences in courses, laboratory workshops, full productions, and field work in the Denver area. Helping the stu dent to answer questions concerning the significance of what theatre does to us and for us is the primary goal of the program. Three kinds of courses will be taken by each student in theatre: (1) performance skills-acting, directing, oral interpretation, technical theatre; (2) critical skills-dramatic theory and criticism and theatre history; and (3) communication theory-interpersonal, small group, intercultural, social change, etc. In addition to the 42 hours of required courses within the department of communication and theatre, 12 ad ditional hours from English, fine arts, and music are required. As an integral part of the program, each student will have the opportunity to participate as performer, technician, or designer in faculty-directed produc tions which occur each term. The auditions, rehear sals, and performances involved in these productions provide opportunities for close examination of the process of making and performing theatre from prac tical, theoretical, critical, historical, and social perspectives. After each performance the audience will be invited to share their responses with the production team in order to provide some indication of impact. In order to increase the range of practical and critical experience, each student will see and evaluate at least six live theatre productions in the Denver area each term. These experiences test the assumptions and beliefs about theatre discussed and worked with in classes and productions. As majors develop their performance and critical skills, special internships for credit in a variety of capacities may be arranged with local theatre operations through independent study or cooperative education. Depending on the individual's actual program of study (cocurricular and extracurricular activities), a degree in communication and theatre with an emphasis in theatre not only can provide a graduate with useful technical and practical skills, but also, and more importantly, it can provide critical insight into theatre as a human enterprise wherever it occurs. Through examining and experiencing theatre's potential to achieve human value, students should develop personal, aesthetic, and social principles which will guide them to a sound career choices (as performers, technicians, designers, producers, or managers). Communication and Theatre Education Emphasis The emphasis in communication and theatre education prepares students to meet Colorado cer tification requirements in communication or in theatre for grades 7-12. Requirements for these profes sional programs are complex and demanding. Interested students in their freshman or sophomore years should meet with the department adviser for the education emphasis to discuss the requirements and to plan a long-range schedule to be followed. COMMUNICATION DISORDERS AND SPEECH SCIENCE Programs in the area of communication disorders (speech pathology, audiology, language and learning disabilities) are no longer available on the Denver Campus. Students wishing to pursue either an under graduate or graduate degree program in this discipline might wish to contact the Speech and Hearing Clinic on the Boulder campus, 492-6445. ENGLISH Faculty: Rex S. Burns, RichardT. Dillon, Herbert G. Eldridge, Louis B. Hall, Robert D. Johnston, Shirley W. Johnston, Elihu H. Pearlman, Jean Phillips, Joel Salzberg, Doris J. Schwalbe, Mary Rose Sullivan, Peter L. Thorpe, Richard Van De Weghe, B. Jeanne Webb, William A. West. Emeritus: Evelyn Effland, Ida D. Fasel. Part-time: Howard Movshovitz. Ad joint: Kenneth L. Justice. The purpose of the English major is to provide a full exposure to the great tradition that constitutes the Anglo-American literary inheritance. In the process of studying individual works and the periods from which they emerged, students acquire an especially rich sense of the culture of which they are a part. All stu dents, majors and nonmajors alike, may acquire an understanding of how various literatures reflect wide developments and trends in the history of culture and ideas in the Topics in Literature series, Engl. 290 to 293. Students may further widen their perceptions by the study of how literature, in its broadest sense, and ideas are expressed in film through Engl. 225 (Introduction to Film), and 306 and 307 (The History of Film I and II). Students majoring in English must present a total of 39 hours in English, excluding Engl. 101, 102, and

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103, of which 24 hours must be earned in upper divi sion courses. None of the required 39 hours may be taken on a pass/fail basis. Of the 24 hours required at the 300or 400-level, at least 3 must be earned in a course dealing with English literature before 1800, at least 3 in a course dealing with English literature after 1800, at least 3 in a course on American literature, and at least 3 in a major figure of either English or American literature. Required courses: Engl. 250, 251 (Survey of English Literature -6 hours); Engl. 300 (Critical Writing-3 hours); Engl. 497 or 498 (Major Authors or Topics in Literature -3 hours) . Beginning in the fall semester 1982, the new re quirements for an undergraduate degree in English will be as follows: a total of 39 semester hours in English, excluding Engl. 101, 102, and 103, of which 24 hours must be earned in upper division courses. None of the required 39 hours may be taken on a pass/ fail basis. At least 12 hours of the major's upper or lower division work in English must be done at UCD in order to qualify for the B.A. in English. Required courses for the major include Engl. 366 (Shake speare), Engl. 300 (Critical Writing), Engl. 497 or 498 (Major Authors or Topics in Literature, 3 hours), and at least 3 hours in an upper division course in American literature. English majors interested in graduating with honors should confer with the honors adviser as soon as possi ble, but defmitely no later than the beginning of the spring semester of their junior year. Students who contemplate teaching should obtain from the School of Education sheets listing curricula required for a teaching certificate and should consult the School of Education, which supervises the teacher-training program. Since fulfilling require ments for education and English involves close scheduling, students should fulfill at least some of the college requirements during their freshman and sophomore years. English for foreign students and courses for prospective teachers of English as a foreign language are listed in the course description section of this bul letin under communication and theatre. For additional literature courses see Comparative Literature and Mexican American Studies. Note: A considerable amount of writing is required in all English courses and is graded on form as well as on content. In addition to the regular major, the English dis cipline offers a General Writing Program, an alter native to the traditional baccalaureate in