Citation
Undergraduate and graduate catalog

Material Information

Title:
Undergraduate and graduate catalog
Cover title:
Catalog of undergraduate and graduate studies
Cover title:
Undergraduate and graduate studies
Creator:
University of Colorado at Denver
Place of Publication:
Denver, Colo
Publisher:
University of Colorado at Denver
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
32 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Universities and colleges -- Curricula -- Catalogs -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Education -- Curricula ( fast )
Universities and colleges -- Curricula ( fast )
Universities and colleges -- Graduate work ( fast )
Colorado -- Denver ( fast )
Genre:
Catalogs. ( fast )
Catalogs ( fast )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title varies: 1987-88, Catalog of undergraduate and graduate studies; 1988-89, Undergraduate and graduate studies.
Statement of Responsibility:
University of Colorado at Denver.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
19093218 ( OCLC )
ocm19093218
Classification:
LD1192 .A2 ( lcc )

Related Items

Succeeded by:
University of Colorado Denver Downtown Campus catalog

Auraria Membership

Aggregations:
Auraria Library

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Full Text
University of Colorado at Denver
1982-83
AURARIA LIBRARY


AURARIA LIBRARY
U167D1 15&17&&
CONTENTS
General Information...............................................................1
Admission Policies and Procedures...............................................2
Tuition and Fees................................................................7
Financial Aid................................................................ 8
Registration...................................................................11
Academic Policies and Regulations..............................................11
Student Services...............................................................14
Special Programs and Facilities................................................16
Reserve Officer Training Programs..............................................18
Administration Officers........................................................19
College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business
Administration.................................................................21
College of Design and Planning...................................................34
School of Education......,.......................................................43
College of Engineering and Applied Science.......................................45
Graduate School..................................................................64
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.............................................83
Division of Arts and Humanities................................................94
Division of Natural and Physical Sciences......................................99
Division of Social Sciences...................................................103
College of Music................................................................107
Graduate School of Public Affairs...............................................109
Course Descriptions.............................................................117
Faculty.........................................................................187
Index...........................................................................195
Cover photo courtesy of First National Bank of Denver.
Although this bulletin was prepared on the basis of the best information available at the time, all information (including the academic calendar, admission and graduation requirements, course offerings and course descriptions, and statements of tuition and fees) is subject to change without notice or obligation.
University of Colorado Bulletin. (USPS 651-060) 262 Stadium Building, Campus Box 384,
Boulder, Colorado 80309- Volume LXXXI, No. 20, July 10, 1981, General Series No. 2054.
Published three times monthly by the University of Colorado. Second class postage paid at Boulder, Colorado.


West Collax Avenue
Building Code
Aurarla Business Services AB East Classroom EC Science SC
(Old Warehouse) Emmanuel Gallery EG South Classroom SO
Arts AR Learning Resource Center LR (formerly CCD Administration!
Book Center BC Ninth Street Park NP St. Cajetans SA
Bromley BR Physical Education PE Student Center ST
Central Classroom CN Physical Plant PP Technology TE
(formerly MSC Administration) Public Safety & Parking PS , UCD Administration UA
Child Care Center CC Rectory Office Building RO West Classroom WC
Child Development CD (formerly Education Bldg)
Parking


University of Colorado at Denver 1 100 Fourteenth Street Denver, Colorado 80202 Telephone — 303/629-2800
SECOND CLASS POSTAGE PAID
AT THE POST OFFICE BOULDER. CO 80302
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Colleges and Schools
/ r i
Business and Administration
Graduate School of Business Administration
Design and Planning
Education
Engineering and Applied Science Graduate School Liberal Arts and Sciences Music
Public Affairs




ACADEMIC CALENDAR1
Summer 19822
June 1-4 Registration week.
June 7 First day of classes.
July 5 Holiday (no classes)
August 13 End of term.
Fall 19822
August 23-27 Registration week.
August 30 First day of classes.
September 6 Holiday (no classes).
November 25, 26 Thanksgiving holidays (no classes).
December 15 End of semester.
Spring 19832
January 17-21 January 24 March 21-25 May 13
Summer 19832
May 31-June 3 June 6 July 4 August 12
Registration week.
First day of classes.
Spring vacation (no classes). End of semester.
Registration week. First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End of term.
'The University reserves the right to alter the Academic Calendar at any time.
*Consult the Schedule of Courses for application deadline dates, deadlines for changing programs (dropping and adding classes), and procedures for registration.


DEGREE PROGRAMS AT A GLANCE1
BUSINESS
EDUCATION
ENGINEERING
DESIGN AND PLANNING
HUMANITIES
MUSIC
NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
PUBLIC AFFAIRS
SOCIAL SCIENCES
Baccalaureate Programs
B.S. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, information systems, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, transportation and traffic management
teacher certification program
civil engineering, civil engineering and business, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and business, electrical engineering and computer science, electrical engineering and computer science and business, applied mathematics, applied mathematics and business, mechanical engineering, mechanical engineering and business
offered only at Boulder
communication and theatre, creative arts, English, fine arts, French, German, philosophy, Spanish, writing program
music
biology, chemistry, geography, geology, mathematics, physics, population dynamics, psychology
anthropology, economics, ethnic studies, history, political science, sociology, urban studies
Master's Programs
M.B.A. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, transportation and traffic management
M.S.: accounting, finance, management science, marketing, management and organization
early childhood education, educational psychology, elementary education, foundations, guidance and counseling, initial certification program, library media, reading, secondary education, special education
applied mathematics, civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, engineering, environmental science, mechanical engineering
architecture, architecture in urban design, interior design-interior architecture and space planning-transportation design, landscape architecture, planning and community development
communication and theatre, English, humanities (also, doctorate in communication and theatre and English)
basic science, biology, chemistry, environmental science, geography, mathematics, psychology (also doctorate in biology)
criminal justice, public administration, urban affairs (also, doctorate in public administration)
anthropology, economics, history, political science, social science, sociology
'Courses in many other undergraduate and graduate areas are offered at UCD, but degrees must be completed at the University of Colorado at Boulder. UCD also offers preprofessional programs in law, journalism, and the health careers (child health associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy, and veterinary medicine).


UNDERGRADUATE AND SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION INFORMATION1 2
Type of Applicant Criteria for Admission2 Required Credentials When to Apply Notes
FRESHMAN IN GENERAL: Complete application (Students seeking a bachelor’s a) Rank in upper half of high $10 application fee degree who have never at- school graduating class. Official high school transcript tended a collegiate insti- b) Have 16 units of acceptable showing rank-in-class, date of tution) high school work. graduation. 7th semester c) Test scores: grades, 8th semester courses ACT comp: 23 Official ACT or SAT score report, or SAT comb: 1000 Note: Business and Engineering applicants are expected to have higher test scores and class rank. Not later than: July 15 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 1 for summer Seniors who meet or exceed all admission criteria may apply as early as Oct. 1 for following fall. For specific requirements refer to the college sections of this bulletin. For example, Music requires an audition.
TRANSFER1 (Students seeking a bachelor's degree who have attended a collegiate institution other than CU) IN GENERAL: Must be in good standing and eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Applicants must have a minimum 2.0 GPA on all work attempted. Business and Engineering applicants will be required to have a higher GPA. Complete application $10 application fee Two official transcripts sent from each college attended Not later than: July 15 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 1 for summer Transfers to the School of Education consult that section for additional requirements. Liberal arts and music transfers with less than 12 sem. hrs. of college work (business and engineering transfers with less than 24 sem. hrs.) must also submit all freshman credentials.
SPECIAL (Students who are not seeking a degree at this institution) Must be at least 21 years old (except in summer). Must be high school graduate. Complete application Not later than: Aug. 1 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 1 for summer Application will also be accepted at registration if space allows. Graduate special students see Graduate School section for additional information.
RETURNING CU STUDENT (Returning special students, returning degree students who have not attended another institution since CU) Must be in good standing Former student application Same as for special students Students under academic suspension in certain schools or colleges at the University of Colorado may enroll during the summer terms as a means of improving their grade-point averages.
RETURNING CU STUDENT (Returning degree students who have attempted 12 or more hours at another institution since attending CU) Same as for transfers Complete application $10 application fee Two official transcripts from each intervening college Same as for transfers
CHANGE OF STATUS: SPECIAL TO DEGREE (Former CU special students who wish to enter a degree program) Same as for transfers Same as for transfers Plus CU transcript Same as for transfers
CHANGE OF STATUS: DEGREE TO SPECIAL (Former CU degree students who have graduated and wish to take additional work) Must have completed degree. Special student application Same as for special students Only students who have completed and received degrees are eligible to change to special status.
INTERCAMPUS TRANSFER (Students who have been enrolled on one CU campus and wish to take courses on another) Must be in good standing Former student application Transfer to Denver: same as for specials Transfer from Denver: refer to appropriate bulletin. Transfers from Denver to another campus of CU should refer to appropriate bulletin for additional requirements.
INTRAUNIVERSITY TRANSFER (Students who wish to change from one CU college to another, e.g., from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to the College ot Business) Same as for transfers Intrauniversity transfer application CU transcript 60 days prior to the beginning of the term
^Applications will be accepted only as long as openings remain. ^Requirements tor individual schools or colleges may vary.


General Information
THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER: AN URBAN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS
The University of Colorado at Denver (UCD) is an urban, nonresidential campus located in downtown Denver. The campus is easily accessible to commuters from a four-county area and is close to major business and government offices in downtown Denver, as well as to civic and cultural centers. UCD is one of the largest state-supported institutions of higher education in Colorado in terms of enrollment, with an average of 9,800 (approximately 5,333 term Fit —full-time equivalent—students) enrolled during a semester.
The UCD Administration Building is located at 1100 Fourteenth Street. UCD shares library, laboratory, classroom, and recreation facilities with two other metropolitan institutions on a single campus, the Auraria Higher Education Center.
Academic Programs
UCD is committed to meeting the needs of the metropolitan Denver community. Academic, public service, and research activities are geared to the needs of the urban population and environment, encompassing both traditional and nontraditional fields of study. Students enrolled at UCD can earn undergraduate degrees in some 35 fields and graduate degrees in nearly 50 fields. The colleges and schools at UCD are:
College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration College of Design and Planning School of Education
College of Engineering and Applied Science College of Liberal Arts and Sciences College of Music Graduate School
Graduate School of Public Affairs
The undergraduate colleges admit freshmen and offer programs leading to the baccalaureate degree in the arts, sciences, humanities, business, engineering, and music. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences also provides preprofessional training in the fields of education, law, journalism, and the health sciences. The School of Education offers programs leading to teacher certification to students with two years of college work. The Graduate School offers master’s programs in the arts, sciences, humanities, engineering, business, education, and music to students with baccalaureate degrees. The College of Design and
Planning, the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs provide programs leading to the master’s degree in their specialized areas. The Graduate School of Public Affairs also offers a doctorate in public administration.
For complete bachelor’s and master’s degree programs offered by UCD, see the Degree Programs at a Glance chart at the beginning of this bulletin.
The college and school sections of this bulletin describe specific policies on requirements for graduation, course requirements for various majors, course load policies, and similar information. Course offerings appear in a separate section of this bulletin.
Students
Highly motivated people from all walks of life make up UCD’s student body. The diversity of backgrounds, interests, occupations, and ages stimulates a unique learning experience for the men and women enrolled at UCD. Students range in age from 16 to 70. Approximately 84% of the students hold full-time or part-time jobs and 39% are enrolled at the graduate level. In order to give students maximum flexibility in planning both educational and employment goals, more than half of the courses are offered during the evening hours. Students may begin studies in most areas at the beginning of the fall or spring semester, or the summer term.
Faculty and Accreditation
More than 260 highly qualified faculty members teach full time at UCD; most have doctoral degrees. The faculty is alert to the challenges of the urban environment and responsive to the needs of the commuter student. UCD is accredited by or holds membership in the following organizations:
ACCREDITATION
North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools
National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education
National Architectural Accrediting Board
See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for the programs accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology
National Association of Schools of Music


2 / University of Colorado at Denver
MEMBERSHIP
Association of Urban Universities
American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business
Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning
Council of University Institutes for Urban Affairs
National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration
University of Colorado System
UCD is one of four campuses of the University of Colorado. The University was founded in Boulder in 1876, and the University of Colorado at Boulder now serves over
20,000 students enrolled in undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. The Health Sciences Center in Denver provides education and training to medical, dental, nursing, and allied health personnel. The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs serves over 4,800 students in the Pikes Peak region, offering undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. UCD’s special role within the University system is to provide urban-oriented educational programs for students in the Denver metropolitan area.
Students have access to the library resources of all campuses and cultural events sponsored within the University system.
The official transcript of any student who first enrolled in the spring semester 1978 or afterwards and who graduates from an undergraduate program operated solely by UCD will indicate that the degree was conferred at Denver. At present the only undergraduate program operated solely by UCD is the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Auraria Higher Education Center
The Auraria Higher Education Center is the site for the University of Colorado at Denver, Metropolitan State College, and the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver. The three institutions share library, classroom, and related facilities on the Auraria campus, a 168-acre site in downtown Denver. Certain courses and programs are cooperatively offered.
The Auraria campus includes administrative and classroom buildings, the Auraria Library and Media Center, the student center, book center, child care and development centers, the physical education building, science building, and service buildings.
The new buildings share the campus with reminders of Denver’s past —historic Ninth Street Park, churches, and the Tivoli brewery built in 1882.
Equal Opportunity
The University of Colorado at Denver follows a policy of equal opportunity in education and in employment.
In pursuance of this policy, no UCD department, unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed, color, age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees.
The institution’s educational programs, activities, and services, offered to students and/or employees are ad-
ministered on a nondiscriminatory basis subject to the provisions of Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
A UCD Equal Opportunity /Affirmative Action Program has been established to implement this policy. For information about these provisions on equity, discrimination, or fairness, consult the Affirmative Action Director at UCD.
I. ADMISSION POLICIES AND
PROCEDURES
All questions and correspondence regarding admission to UCD and requests for application forms should be directed to:
Office of Admissions and Records
University of Colorado at Denver
1100 Fourteenth Street
Denver, Colorado 80202
(303) 629-2660
General Policies
UCD seeks to identify applicants who are likely to complete an academic program successfully. Admission decisions are based on many factors, the most important be-ing:
1. Level of previous academic performance.
2. Evidence of scholarly ability and accomplishment, as indicated by scores on national aptitude tests.
3. Maturity, motivation, and potential for academic growth.
UCD reserves the right to deny admission to new applicants or readmission to former students whose total credentials indicate an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University in order to carry out its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution.
Admission of Undergraduate Degree Students
APPLICATION DEADLINES
Undergraduate Fall Spring Summer
Students 1982 1983 1983
New Students July 15 Dec. 1 May 2
Transfer Students July 15 Dec. 1 May 2
International Students July 15 Dec. 1 Mar. 2
Former University of Colorado Students Aug. 1 Jan. 4 May 13
Intrauniversity
Transfer Students 60 days prior to the beginning of the term
The University reserves the right to change application deadlines in accordance with enrollment demands, and applicants should apply as early as possible. Updated information is available from the Office of Admissions and Records, (303) 629-2660. All documents required for admission must be received by the Office of Admissions and Records by the deadline for an applicant to be considered for the term desired. Applicants who are unable to meet the deadline may elect to have admission consideration made for a later term. Transfer students are reminded that sufficient time


General Information / 3
should be allowed to have transcripts sent from institutions attended previously, and foreign students are advised that it usually takes 120 days for credentials to reach the Office of Admissions and Records from international locations.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR FRESHMEN
New freshmen may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music.
1. General Requirements. The applicant must be a high school graduate or have been awarded a High School Equivalency Certificate by completing the General Education Development (GED) Test. Applicants with a High School Equivalency Certificate must have an average standard score of 45 with no one score below 36 on each section of the GED test to be considered for admission. Applicants who have completed the Spanish Language General Educational Development Test must also submit scores from Test VI, “English as a Second Language.”
Applicants should have completed a minimum of 15 units of acceptable secondary school (grades 9-12) credit. Students applying for admission to the College of Engineering must have completed a minimum of 16 units of acceptable secondary school credit. A unit of credit is one year of high school course work. While the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences does not specify particular units, the other undergraduate colleges have the following requirements:
College of Business and Administration
English ........................................................... 3
Mathematics........................................................ 3
Natural sciences (laboratory type)................................. 2
Social sciences (including history)................................ 2
Electives.......................................................... 5
(Such as foreign languages and additional academic
courses. May include up to 2 units in business areas.) _____
Total 15
College of Engineering and Applied Science'
English (literature, composition, grammar)......................... 4
Mathematics distributed as follows:
Algebra......................................................... 2
Geometry........................................................ 1
Additional mathematics.......................................... 1
Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended)............... 2
Social studies and humanities
(Foreign languages and additional units of English, history,
and literature are included).................................... 3
Electives.......................................................... , 3
Total 16
College of Music
English ........................................................... 3
Theoretical music.........................................
Physical science..........................................
Social science..................................................... 8
Foreign language .........................................
Mathematics...............................................
Additional high school academic units.............................. , 4
Total 15
It is expected that all students will have had previous experience in an applied music area. Two years of piano training are recommended.
The College of Music requires an audition of all entering freshmen and undergraduate transfer students. In lieu of the personal audition, applicants may substitute tape recordings (about 10 minutes in length on 7'A ips monaural) or a statement of excellence by a qualified teacher. In-
terested students should write to the College of Music, UCD, for audition or interview applications.
2. All Applicants. All applicants who meet the above requirements are classified in two ways for admission purposes:
a. Preferred consideration is given to applicants who rank in the upper half of their high school graduating class and have a composite score of 23 or higher on the American College Test (ACT) or a combined score of 1000 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). However, engineering applicants are expected to have a strong mathematics and science background, somewhat higher scores on the mathematics portion of the ACT or SAT, and higher class rank. Business students are expected to have a strong mathematics background, higher class rank and higher test scores. Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition.
b. Applicants who rank in the lower half of their high school graduating class, and/or have combined SAT scores below 1000 or a composite ACT score below 23, and/or do not have 15 units of acceptable high school credit are considered on an individual basis.
How to Apply
1. Students should obtain an Application for Undergraduate Admission from their Colorado high school counselor or the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
2. The application must be completed in full and sent to the Office of Admissions and Records. A $10 (subject to change) nonrefundable application fee must accompany the application. An applicant who is granted admission, but who is unable to enroll for the term applied for, will have the $10 fee valid for 12 months, provided the applicant informs Admissions and Records that he or she intends to enroll for a later term.
3. Students are required to have their high school send an official transcript of their high school grades, including class rank, to the Office of Admissions and Records.
4. Students also are required to take either the American College Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and request that test scores be sent to UCD (ACT code 0533 or SAT code R-4875). High school students may obtain information from their counselors regarding when and where tests are given. Applicants who took one of these tests earlier and did not designate UCD to receive scores must request the testing agency to send scores to UCD. This is done by completing a Request for Additional Score Report available at test centers or from the offices listed below.
Registration Department
American College Testing Program (ACT)
P.O. Box 4l4 Iowa City, Iowa 52240
'See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for more specific information .


4 / University of Colorado at Denver
College Entrance Examination Board (SAT)
P.O. Box 592
Princeton, New Jersey 08540
College Entrance Examination Board (SAT)
P.O. Box 1025
Berkeley, California 94704
5. Students who did not graduate from high school are required to send a copy of their GED test scores and GED certificate to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS
Transfer students may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. Students interested in the field of education should contact the School of Education office for information (629-2717).
Transfer students are given priority consideration for admission as follows:
1. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and College of Music. Both Colorado residents and nonresidents1 must have at least a 2.0 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average. Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition. Contact the College of Music for audition information.
2. College of Business and Administration and College of Engineering and Applied Science. Both Colorado residents and nonresidents1 must have at least a 2.5 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average. Students must have earned a C (2.0) or better in all business courses completed.
In addition to the above academic requirements, preferred consideration is given to transfer applicants who have completed more than 12 semester credit hours (18 quarter hours) at an institution of university rank or to transfer applicants who have completed at least 45 semester credit hours (68 quarter hours) at a two-year college or a four-year state college.
Important Note: Applicants who do not meet the above grade-point average or credit hour requirements will still be considered for admission, but on an individual basis.
The primary factors used when considering students individually are (1) the academic program to which admission is desired; (2) the quality of prior academic work; (3) age, maturity, and noncollegiate achievements; and (4) time elapsed since last attendance at previous colleges.
How to Apply
1. The student should obtain a transfer application from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
2. The application form must be completed and returned to the Office of Admissions and Records with the $102 nonrefundable application fee.
3. The student is required to have two official transcripts sent to the Office of Admissions and Records from each collegiate institution attended. If a student is currently enrolled, a transcript listing all courses except those taken in the final term should be sent. Another transcript must be submitted after completion of the final term. (Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language and accompanied by a certified literal English translation.)
4. Applicants with less than 12 semester hours (18 quarter hours) of college work completed must also submit a high school transcript and ACT or SAT test scores (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hours for business or engineering transfers).
5. Applicants to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences should be aware that they may be able to receive credit for foreign language taken during the high school years provided they furnish an official high school transcript to the dean’s office. Further information may be obtained from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file.
Transfer of College-Level Credit
The Office of Admissions and Records and the appropriate academic unit will determine which courses taken at another institution can be applied to a degree program at UCD after all official transcripts have been received and the applicant has been admitted as a degree student. In general, transfer credit will be accepted insofar as it meets the degree, grade, and residence requirements at UCD.
College-level credit may be transferred to the University if it was earned at a college or university of recognized standing, by advanced placement examinations, or in military service or schooling as recommended by the Commission on Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education; if a grade of C or higher was attained; and if the credit is for courses appropriate to the degree sought at this institution.
The University may accept up to 72 semester credits (108 quarter credits) of work from a two-year institution toward the baccalaureate degree requirements and may accept up to 102 semester credits (168 quarter hours) from a four-year college or university. No credit is allowed for vocational/technical, remedial, or religious/doctrinal work. A maximum of 60 semester credits of extension and correspondence work (not to include more than 30 semester credits of correspondence) may be allowed if the above conditions are met.
'See Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes for a definition of resident and nonresident. JSubject to change.


General Information / 5
The College of Business and Administration generally limits transfer credit for business courses taken at the lower division level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado unless written approval is obtained from the division head. A maximum of 60 semester hours (90 quarter hours) of junior college work and 9 semester hours of business courses taken through correspondence study may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability, and required business courses and those in the area of emphasis may not be taken through correspondence.
Readmission Requirements for Former CU Students
UCD students who have not registered and attended class at UCD or any other college or university for one year or longer are former students and must formally apply for readmission. Former student application forms are available at the Office of Admissions and Records.
Former students who attended another college or university since last attending the University of Colorado must apply as transfer students. This requires payment of the $10 application fee and submission of transcripts from all previously attended colleges and universities, including transcripts from the University of Colorado. Request CU transcripts (without charge) from the Registrar, Attention Transcripts, Boulder, Colorado 80309- Transcripts should be sent to UCD, Admissions Processing, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Students who last attended UCD less than one year ago but attended another college or university during the interim may transfer up to 11 semester hours from the other institution without fees. Transfer of 12 or more hours requires payment of a $10 transfer fee. Transcripts must be requested by the student and sent by the registrar of the other institution(s) to UCD, Evaluation Processing, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
International Students
Undergraduate. International students who desire to attend the University of Colorado at Denver must present one full year or more of academic study (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hours) from another accredited American collegiate institution or a TOEFL score of 525 before they may be considered for admission. Transfer students must have a minimum of a 2.75 grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) on all work attempted and submit proof of English proficiency. An application form may be obtained from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
Application and supporting credentials are to be presented to the admissions office prior to published deadline dates for the term in which the student is applying. Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language, accompanied by a certified literal English translation.
Graduate. International students who desire graduate study at UCD must possess the equivalent of an American baccalaureate (undergraduate) degree and fulfill other requirements as designated by the graduate program to which they are applying. Applications can be obtained
from the individual graduate schools. Application and credentials should be presented to the individual graduate school 6 months prior to the term for which the student is applying.
UCD Intrauniversity Transfer or Change of Campus
UCD students may change colleges or schools within UCD provided they are accepted by the college or school to which they wish to transfer. UCD Intrauniversity Transfer Forms may be obtained from the Office of Admissions and Records. Students should observe application deadlines indicated in the current Schedule of Courses. Decisions on intrauniversity transfers are made by the college or school to which the student wishes to transfer.
UCD students may change campuses by applying directly to the Admissions Office of the University of Colorado campus to which they wish to transfer. Change of Campus applications and deadline information also must be obtained from the campus to which the student is applying.
Arts and sciences students at the Boulder campus who wish to transfer to Denver must make arrangements with the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.
High School Concurrent Enrollment
High school juniors and seniors with proven academic abilities may be admitted to UCD with special approval. Credit for courses taken may subsequently be applied toward a University degree program. For more information and application instructions, contact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
Admission of Graduate Degree Students
All correspondence and questions regarding admission to the graduate programs at UCD should be directed to the following:
Programs in Business
Office of Graduate Studies
Graduate School of Business Administration
629-2605
Programs in Environmental Design College of Environmental Design 629-2877
Programs in Public Affairs Graduate School of Public Affairs 629-2825
All Other Programs Graduate School 629-2663
GRADUATE PROGRAMS
As a principal part of its mission, UCD offers graduate-and professional-level programs for the convenience of Denver residents. During the 1980-81 academic year, ap-


6 / University of Colorado at Denver
proximately 39 percent of the student body was enrolled at the graduate level.
Graduate degree programs are offered through the Graduate School by its member schools and colleges, and outside the Graduate School by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the College of Environmental Design, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs. The particular admission and graduation requirements established by each of these academic units are detailed in the following sections of this bulletin.
Students holding baccalaureate degrees but who are not accepted to specific degree programs may enroll for graduate course work as graduate special students. Several types of students make use of the special student category. Among these are students who have attained whatever degree or credential status they feel is desirable, but who wish to take additional course work for professional or personal improvement; students who, for whatever reason (weak undergraduate background, change of discipline, or length of time since previous formal course work), feel the need to make up deficiencies before entering a degree program; and students who have not decided about entering a specific degree program. Such students should be aware that, generally, only limited course credits taken as a special student may be applied toward a degree program. Also, a 2.0 minimum grade-point average must be maintained to permit continuing registration as a graduate special student. Students interested in applying as graduate special students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for applications.
GRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION DEADLINES
Admission requirements and application deadlines vary according to the individual graduate program. The Graduate School has general admission requirements which are supplemented by specific requirements of the major departments of graduate study (e.g., electrical engineering, education, English, etc.). Applicants in the fields of education, engineering, and the arts, sciences, and humanities should consult the general information section of the Graduate School portion of this bulletin as well as the following sections dealing with requirements and deadlines for specific programs. Applicants in the fields of business administration, public affairs, and environmental design should refer to the sections of this bulletin on the Graduate School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Public Affairs, and the College of Environmental Design.
Admission of Nondegree Special Students
All correspondence and questions regarding admission as a special student should be directed to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records.
Persons desiring admission as special students for the purpose of teacher certification should contact the School of Education, 629-2717.
SPECIAL STUDENT APPLICATION DEADLINES
Special Students Those who want to Pall 1982 Spring 1983 Summer 1983
take undergraduate or graduate courses Aug. 2 Dec. 1 May 2
Those who want to
change from special to degree status July 15 Dec. 1 May 2
Those who want
teacher certification Feb. 1 N.A. Feb. 1
REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION
Persons who want to take University courses but do not plan to work toward a University of Colorado degree are admitted as special students. Courses taken as a special student are fully credited and can be used for transfer to other institutions or for professional improvement. Persons who do not have an undergraduate degree are encouraged to apply to an undergraduate degree program rather than apply as special students. UCD will enroll persons without an undergraduate degree as special students for 12 semester hours, after which the student must apply to a regular degree program. Persons with a baccalaureate degree who seek teacher certification or renewal of certification may be admitted as special students if they meet the requirements of the School of Education. Special students must maintain a grade-point average of 2.0 at UCD.
HOW TO APPLY FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION
To apply for admission as a special student, obtain a Special Student Application Form from the Office of Admissions and Records. Return the completed application by the deadline for the term desired. There is no application fee, and no additional credentials are required. Applicants who seek teacher certification or renewal of teacher certification must apply separately to the School of Education and submit the required credentials.
Special students are advised that registration for courses is on a space available basis.
CHANGING STATUS FROM SPECIAL TO DEGREE STUDENT
Special students may apply for admission to an undergraduate degree program by completing the Special to Degree Application available from the Office of Admissions and Records. Academic credentials (i.e., transcripts and/or test scores) and a $10 (subject to change) nonre-fundable application fee also must be submitted. Special students who are accepted as undergraduate degree students may generally transfer a maximum number of semester credits for courses taken as a special student to an undergraduate degree program, with approval of the dean. Special students should consult with the college to which they are applying during the first semester of their enrollment for the maximum number of semester credit hours acceptable toward a degree program as a special student. (Students enrolled as special students prior to the fall semester of 1970 are subject to the policies in effect between January of 1969 and August of 1970.)


General Information / 7
Special students may apply for admission to a graduate degree program by completing the application required by the particular program. The graduate dean, upon recommendation by the department, may accept up to 8 semester hours of credit toward the requirements for a master’s degree for courses taken as a special student at the University or at another recognized graduate school, or some combination thereof. The department may recommend acceptance of additional credit for courses taken as a special student during the semester the student has applied for admission to the desired degree program.
Official Notification of Admission
Official notification of admission to UCD as an undergraduate, graduate, or special student is provided by the Office of Admissions and Records on a Statement of Admission Eligibility Form. Letters from the various schools and colleges indicating acceptance into a particular program are subject to official admission to the institution. Applicants who do not receive official notification of admission within a reasonable period of time after submitting application materials should contact the Office of Admissions and Records, (303) 629-2660.
II. TUITION AND FEES
Tuition and Fees
All tuition and fee charges are established by the Board of Regents, the governing body of the University of Colorado, in accordance with legislation enacted annually (usually in the spring) by the Colorado General Assembly. The Regents reserve the right to change tuition and fee rates at any time. A tuition schedule is published prior to registration for each term, and students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for further information on the tuition and fee charges for a particular term. The rates below are for the 1981-82 academic year and are provided to assist prospective students in anticipating cost.
TUITION RATE TABLE FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
1981-82 (SUMMER 1981, FALL 1981, AND SPRING 1982)
Undergraduate Degree Students Graduate Degree Students
(and Special Students without Degree (S)) (and Special Students with Degree (SIP'))
Credit Hours of Enrollment Resident Nonresident Credit Hours of Enrollment Resident Nonresident
0 - 1 $ 26 $ 98 0 - 1 t 29 t 106
2 52 196 2 58 212
3 78 294 3 87 318
4 104 392 4 116 424
5 130 490 5 145 530
6 156 588 6 174 636
7 182 1,465 7 203 1,591
8 208 1,465 8 232 1,591
9 234 1,465 9 261 1,591
10-18 333 1,465 10-18 369 1,591
Each credit hour over 18 S 22 $ 98 Each credit hour over 18 S 25 $ 106
OTHER FEES
1. Student activity fee (mandatory for all students):
Fall semester 1981 ............. $20'
Spring semester 1982 ........... $20'
2. Matriculation fee (mandatory for all new students):
Degree students.................$15*
Special students................$ 5*
This is a one-time nonrefundable fee charged at the time of initial registration. No further charges will be made for adding or dropping courses or for ordering transcripts. A special student who becomes a degree student will be charged $10 at the initial registration as a degree student.
3. Health insurance fee (automatic for all students unless waived):
Fall or spring semester........ $51.46*
Summer term ................... $34.59*
If the student does not want health insurance coverage, it is the student’s responsibility to check the appropriate box on the Tuition Assessment/Payment cards and sign the card during mail/walk-in registration. The insurance program primarily subsidizes major medical expenses according to the schedule of benefits stated in the insurance brochure, which may be obtained from the Office for Student Affairs. Dependent coverage (spouse and/or children) also is available at an additional charge. Further information on health insurance is available from the Office for Student Affairs, 629-2861.
4. Doctoral dissertation fee (mandatory for all students certified by the Graduate School for enrollment for doctoral dissertation): students should contact the Graduate School for guidelines affecting charges for enrollment.
5. Comprehensive examination fee: Any student in the Graduate School or Graduate School of Public Affairs must be enrolled during the term in which the Comprehensive Examination for an M.A. degree is completed. Students who are not taking regular courses during that term must enroll as “Candidate for Degree.” Tuition for “Candidate for Degree” enrollment is minimum graduate resident tuition.
6. Laboratory breakage fee (mandatory for students enrolled in a chemistry laboratory course):
Breakage deposit............ $10
This fee will be refunded at the end of the term if appropriate.
7. Music laboratory fee (mandatory for College of Music students and others enrolled in certain music courses):
Music fee .................. $24
College of Music students and others enrolled in piano, sound recording and reinforcement, and electronic music must pay this fee. No student is charged more than one $24 fee. * 2
'Includes bond retirement fee.
2Subject to change.


8 / University of Colorado at Denver
PAYMENT OF TUITION AND FEES
All tuition and fees are assessed and payable when the student registers for the term, according to guidelines in the current Schedule of Courses. Arrangements may be made through the Finance Office at the time of registration to defer payment of part of the charges. Specific information on deferred payment is included in the Schedule of Courses published before each semester or summer term.
Students who register for courses are liable for payment of tuition and fees even though they may drop out of school. Refund policies for students who withdraw from the University are included in the Schedule of Courses. A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or special certificate. The only exception to this regulation involves students with loans and other types of indebtedness which are payable after graduation.
Personal checks are accepted for any University obligation. Any student who pays with a check which is not acceptable to the bank may be immediately dropped from the rolls of the University.
Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes
General Policies. A student is initially classified as a resident or nonresident student for tuition purposes at the time of application to the University. The classification is based on information furnished by the student and other relevant sources. To be eligible for in-state tuition (resident) status the following requirements (as defined in the Colorado Revised Statutes, Chapter 124, Article 18) must be met by students who are 21 years of age or older (or emancipated minors as defined by law): (1) the student must have been domiciled in Colorado for 12 consecutive months preceding the first day of classes for the term in which in-state status is desired; (2) the student must demonstrate significant intent to make Colorado a fixed and permanent residence. Intent is demonstrated by compliance with other mandatory laws of the state for 12 consecutive months (i.e., valid driver’s license, valid motor vehicle registration, payment of state income tax, voter registration, etc.). An unemancipated minor assumes the domicile of his or her parents.
Once the student’s status is established, it remains unchanged unless satisfactory information to the contrary is presented. A student who, due to subsequent events, becomes eligible for a change in classification from resident to nonresident or vice versa must inform the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days after such a change occurs. An adult student or emancipated minor who moves outside of Colorado must send written notification to the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days of the change.
Petitioning for a Change in Residency Classification. Any student who is 22 years of age or older, or an emancipated minor as defined by law, may change his or her residence and tuition classification status. Detailed information on the procedures which must be followed, including necessary petition forms, is available from the Office of Admissions and Records. Petitions will not be con-
sidered until an application for admission and supporting credentials have been received by the University. Changes in classification are effective at the time of the student’s next registration. A student who willfully gives wrong information in order to avoid paying out-of-state tuition is subject to legal and disciplinary action.
III. FINANCIAL AID AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER
The financial aid program at the University is designed to assist those students who would be unable to attend the University without aid. While the primary responsibility for meeting the costs of education rests with individual students and their families, financial aid funds are offered to supplement whatever funds students and their families can provide. Since requests generally exceed the availability of funds, students and their families should be aware of procedures and deadlines in order to receive maximum consideration. Questions and requests for forms should be directed to the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment at UCD, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, 629-2886.
Estimated Expenses
Educational expenses at UCD include tuition, fees, and the cost of books and related instructional materials. Students who do not live with their parents must also include the cost of housing and food expenses. All students should consider transportation and personal expenditures (i.e., clothing, entertainment, etc.) in determining their expenses. The Office of Financial Aid establishes standard budgets for different types of students (dependent students living at home with parents, single students living away from home, married students, etc.) to bring about consistency and equity in determining the financial needs of all students. The standard budgets are established in line with parameters set by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education and the Department of Education.
For the 1981-82 academic year the standard budgets allowed $237 per month living allowance for dependent students living at home, $432 per month for single students not living at home, and $606 per month for married students. An allowance of $122 per month was added per dependent child in the student’s home. The living allowance included amounts for rent, food, utilities, personal expenses, and transportation. The cost of tuition, fees, and medical expenses for the 1981-82 academic year was $766 for a resident student and $3,030 for a nonresident student. Graduate students were assessed $564 as residents and $3,282 as nonresidents. Books and supplies were estimated at $200 for the 1981-82 academic year.
All expenses will increase slightly for the 1982-83 academic year. The State of Colorado and the Board of Regents usually set tuition guidelines and rates during the month of May for the summer and academic year. The standards for living allowances are usually set during the spring semester for the following summer and academic year.
Students who have additional costs above the standard allowances can request a review of their situation by the


General Information / 9
Financial Aid Committee. The committee must receive documentation of extra expenses and can consider an individual exception to the standard allowances. Examples of these kinds of exceptions are babysitting expenses, medical costs, dental and optical expenses.
Determination of Financial Need and Award
Financial need is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance as defined by the institution (tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board, transportation and essential incidental expenses) and total resources available to the student. These resources include a family contribution (summer savings, term earnings, a spouse contribution, and a parental contribution) and awards from agencies outside the University.
Financial need is determined by a national uniform needs analysis system administered by agencies such as the American College Testing Program. This system analyzes income and assets, family size, number of children in postsecondary education, student independence, etc., to determine a reasonable student and/or family contribution.
After the financial need is determined, students are ranked in order of financial need and are aided accordingly until all funds are committed. The financial aid package normally consists of a self-help component (loans and/or employment) and a gift aid component (grants) proportionate to the available funds and to the number of needy students applying. A small portion of Colorado work-study funds is available to interested students who do not document financial need.
How to Apply
Application forms may be obtained by contacting the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment. Students are asked to complete an institutional application and a needs analysis form. The application includes a checklist of required documents to be submitted.
Parents are expected to contribute toward a student’s educational costs. However, in certain cases students may be considered financially independent of their parents. To be eligible for financial aid as a self-supporting student, a student (1) cannot be claimed as a tax exemption, (2) cannot receive $750 or more, or (3) cannot live at home for more than six weeks for the year aid is received and for the entire preceding calendar year. For example, for a student to receive aid as a self-supporting student during the 1982-83 academic year, the above three criteria must be met for 1981 and 1982.
Note: Requirements for receiving aid as a self-supporting student are subject to change by the federal and state governments.
Self-supporting students must document their status by providing income tax forms or other supporting documents to show sufficient income to be self-supporting during the appropriate period of time. In some cases, additional documentation from parents is required to complete a student’s application. The information provided on the application for financial aid is analyzed according to the uniform needs analysis formula to determine the student’s ability to contribute to his or her educational costs during the academic year.
To be eligible for financial aid, students must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents or have a refugee visa. Eligible foreign students are advised to include a photocopy of their visa cards with their applications to facilitate processing.
Available Funds
Undergraduate Students. Undergraduate students are eligible to submit the following three applications:
1. The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part application the student will be considered for:
Federal Pell Grant (BEOG)
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG)
Federal Work-Study Assistance
Federal National Direct Student Loan (NDSL)
State Colorado Student Grant (CSG)
State Colorado Work-Study Assistance
State and Federal Colorado Student Incentive Grant (CSIG)
(Students classified as nonresident for tuition purposes are not eligible for state financial aid funds.)
2. Pell Grant (formerly Basic Educational Opportunity Grant). This is a separate federal grant program which students can apply for if they do not apply for financial aid under number one above.
3. Guaranteed Student Loan (GSL). See the Types of Aid Available section for details.
Graduate Students. Graduate students are eligible to submit the following two applications:
1. The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part application, the student will be considered for:
Federal Work-Study Assistance
Federal National Direct Student Loan (NDSL)
State of Colorado Graduate Grant
2. Guaranteed Student Loan. See the Types of Aid Available section for details.
Priority Filing Dates
A student may apply for a Pell Grant or GSL at any time up to March 15, 1983. Other aid is offered on a first-come, first-served basis to needy students who have complete applications on file with tbe Office of Financial Aid.
March 1 — All students applying for financial aid for the summer 1982, fall 1982, or spring 1983.
October 22— All students applying for financial aid for the spring semester only.
If a student submits an application by the priority filing date, the chances for receiving aid are improved. In every case, the aid offered depends upon the student showing financial need and funds being available.
Special Note: An application for financial aid does not constitute an application for admission to the University. Please contact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records for application forms and procedures. Applicants will not receive financial aid until they are enrolled in a degree program at the University. Special students are not eligible for most financial aid. In unusual situations, a special student may apply for a Guaranteed Student Loan.


10 / University of Colorado at Denver
Types of Aid Available
SCHOLARSHIPS
Colorado Scholarships. Colorado Scholars Awards provide up to $500 for Colorado residents who have at least a
3.0 grade-point average and have attended the University for at least 12 credit hours. These scholarships are funded by the state of Colorado. Information and application materials are available in the Office of Financial Aid. The Office of Admissions and Records considers incoming students for Scholars Awards. All resident freshman and transfer students should contact that office for further information.
Army Reserve Officer Training Corps. The Department of Military Science offers students three-year, two-year, and one-year scholarships. These scholarships cover all tuition and fees, books and supplies, and they provide a tax-free monthly stipend of $100. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Upon completion of the ROTC curriculum, students are eligible for a commission in the Reserves, National Guard, or active Army. For more information, call 629-3490, or visit 1059 9th Street Park.
GRANTS
Tell Grant (formerly Basic Educational Opportunity Grant). The Pell Grant is a source of federal grant aid for which all students pursuing their first undergraduate degree may apply. Application can be made by submitting the Family Financial Statement or the separate Federal Student Aid Application. Applications can be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid. Grant amounts vary depending on financial need, costs at the institution, and Congressional allocation. This program is the base of all financial aid.
Colorado Student Grant. The Colorado Student Grant is an undergraduate grant for Colorado residents. This grant is based on financial need and funds are allotted to the University by the State of Colorado. Amounts vary from approximately $100 to $1,000 per year. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement.
Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants are undergraduate federal grants varying in amounts from $200 to $2,000 per year. These grants are based on student need and availability of funds. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement.
Colorado Student Incentive Grant. This is the name given in Colorado to the federal program known as State Student Incentive Grant. The program is for Colorado residents seeking their first undergraduate degree and who show substantial financial need. Awards range from $100 to $2,000 per year. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement.
Graduate Grant. Grants for graduate students are available on a limited basis and will be awarded to students as eligibility and funds allow. Application is
made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement.
LOANS
National Direct Student Loans. National Direct Student Loans are federal loans, partially matched by the state of Colorado, available to undergraduate and graduate students with financial need. A student may borrow up to (a) $3,000 during the freshman and sophomore years; (b) $6,000 total for undergraduate study; (c) $12,000 for total graduate and undergraduate study. Application for the loan is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement.
Guaranteed Student Loan Programs. This program enables undergraduate and graduate students to borrow directly from a bank, credit union, savings and loan association, or other participating lenders who are willing to make the educational loan. The loan is guaranteed by a state or private nonprofit agency and insured by the federal government. Information and applications may be obtained from the lender.
EMPLOYMENT
College Work-Study Program. The College Work-Study Program is designed to provide jobs to undergraduate and graduate students. The program is funded by the federal government and the State of Colorado. Employment is arranged whenever possible in the student’s major area of interest, with job opportunities both on- and off-campus. Awards average up to $2,000 per academic year. For details contact the Office of Student Employment. Application for this aid is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement.
Part-time Student Employment. The Auraria Student Assistance Center assists students in obtaining part-time employment other than that based on financial need. Further information and application may be obtained from the center.
OTHER SOURCES OF AID
See the Office of Financial Aid for details of these programs:
Bureau of Indian Affairs. Grants are available to Native American students.
Short-Term Loans. Small, temporary loans are made to students facing financial emergencies. These loans are to be repaid during the semester.
Academic Requirements
Students receiving financial aid must demonstrate that they are maintaining normal progress and are in good standing at the University. Normal academic progress is defined as completing the minimum number of hours stipulated on the notification of financial aid by obtaining a grade of D or better for undergraduates. Graduates must obtain a grade of Cor better. Usually students are required to complete 12 credits per semester for undergraduates and 8 credits per semester as graduates. Summer term requirements are 6 credits for undergraduates and 4 credits for graduates. Less than normal progress for two terms results in the loss of future financial aid. Students are ex-


General Information 111
pected to maintain grade-point averages as required by the University.
Duration of Aid
Financial aid is offered for one year at a time. Students must reapply for summer and for each academic year, according to the established priority deadlines.
Use of Funds
All financial aid awards are to be used only for immediate educational expenses. These expenses include tuition, fees, books, supplies, room and board, transportation, and essential miscellaneous expenses, such as clothing, medical, etc.
Refunds
The University tuition refund policy is published in the Schedule of Courses for each term. For the fall 1981 semester, the policy for refunds upon complete withdrawal from the University was a 100% minus $25 refund if the student withdrew before the term began, 75% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the third day of the third week of classes, and 50% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the fourth week of classes. Students receiving financial aid may be required to return any refund to the University’s financial aid accounts.
Student Rights and Responsibilities
Students have certain rights and responsibilities regarding financial aid and student employment. Students may review applicable policies and procedures published in a financial aid brochure available in the UCD Office of Financial Aid. Specific application procedures and policies are subject to change.
Further Information and Application Forms
Further information and application forms may be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, on the Auraria campus, or by writing to Office of Financial Aid, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. Persons in the Denver metropolitan area are encouraged to visit the office to receive application forms and information; however, materials will be mailed upon request. Peer counselors and University counselors are available to discuss individual situations and aid eligibility.
IV. REGISTRATION: SELECTING A PROGRAM AND COURSES
Selecting a Program and Courses
New and continuing UCD students are urged to review Section VI and the following sections of this bulletin. Section VII describes the traditional and nontraditional instructional programs available at UCD, and the sections which follow it give information by school or college on the various majors a”ailable, course requirements by major, graduation requirements, course load policies, and other information and specific policies. Courses available during a particular semester or summer term are listed in
the Schedule of Courses, published several weeks before registration and available from the Office of Admissions and Records and the various deans’ offices.
Undergraduate students who need assistance in planning a program or selecting courses should contact the academic unit in which they are enrolled to arrange for a counseling appointment. The appointment should be made prior to registration. Graduate students should contact their graduate department for assistance.
Orientation
An orientation program for all new students is held at the beginning of the fall and spring semesters, prior to the first day of classes. The program is conducted by the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs and the various deans’ offices, and introduces the programs, activities, and services available at UCD, in addition to providing information on degree requirements, how to register, and similar matters.
Registration
UCD conducts a common registration in cooperation with Metropolitan State College. Basically, the registration involves the following processes: (1) mail registration, (2) walk-in registration, and (3) course adjustment.
Students eligible for mail registration who choose to take advantage of this process may register and pay tuition and fees by mail. A walk-in registration will be available for students who do not wish to or are not eligible to register by mail.
For complete instructions, students should refer to the Schedule of Courses published at the beginning of each semester and summer term.
POOLED COURSES
Certain courses in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences have been pooled with similar courses at Metropolitan State College. UCD students may register for any of the pooled courses listed in the UCD Schedule of Courses.
INTERINSTITUTIONAL REGISTRATION
UCD degree students may enroll for courses offered by the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver. Students must be enrolled at UCD for at least one course during the semester or summer term to be eligible to register interinstitutionally. Registration is on a space available basis.
V. ACADEMIC POLICIES AND REGULATIONS
Advanced Standing and Advanced Placement Credit
Undergraduate students may obtain credit for lower-division courses in which they demonstrate proficiency by examination. By passing an examination, the student will be given credit for the course to satisfy lower division requirements and may be eligible to enroll in higher level courses than indicated by the student’s formal academic experience. Credit granted for courses by examination is


12 / University of Colorado at Denver
treated as transfer credit without a grade but does count toward graduation and other requirements for which it is appropriate. There are three types of examinations as described below.
ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM
The Advanced Placement Program of the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) allows students to take advanced work while in high school and then be examined for credit at the college level. Students who take advanced placement courses and subsequently receive scores of 3, 4, or 51 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination are generally given college credit for lower-level courses in which they have demonstrated proficiency and are granted advanced standing in those areas. Students with scores below 31 are considered for advanced placement by the discipline concerned. For more information contact your high school counselor or the Director of Admissions for UCD.
CREDIT BY EXAMINATION
Degree students may take examinations for credit. To qualify for an examination, the student must be formally working toward a degree at UCD and have a grade-point average of at least 2.0. Examinations are arranged through the Office of Admissions and Records, and a nonrefund-able fee is charged. Students should contact the office of the dean of the academic unit in which they are enrolled.
COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM
An exciting challenge is available to incoming UCD students who may earn University credit by examination in subject areas in which they have excelled at college-level proficiency. Interested students are encouraged to take appropriate subject examinations provided in the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) of the College Entrance Examination Board testing service. The cost for a single examination is $25.
Students who are interested in CLEP examinations must contact the office of their school or college.
Credit for Military Service and Schooling and ROTC
MILITARY SERVICE AND SCHOOLING
Applicants with military experience should submit the following with their application in order to have credit for educational experiences evaluated: (1) a copy of DD Form 214 and (2) DD Form 295, Application for the Evaluation of Educational Experience During Military Service. USAF personnel may present an official transcript from the Community College of the Air Force in lieu of the DD Form 295. Credit will be awarded as recommended by the Commission on the Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education to the extent that such credit is applicable to the degree sought at UCD. Credit for courses completed through the U.S. Armed Forces Institute will be evaluated on the same basis as transfer credit from collegiate institutions.
RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS (ROTC)
Students enrolled in Army or Air Force ROTC programs should consult with their college or school regarding the application of ROTC course credit toward graduation requirements. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences allows a maximum of 12 semester hours of ROTC credit to be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. The College of Business and Administration stipulates that ROTC courses may be used for credit only for nonbusiness elective requirements and that no credit may be given for freshman and sophomore ROTC courses. Furthermore, a maximum of 12 semester hours may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements in business and only if the ROTC program is completed.
Grading System and Policies
The following grading system and procedures for pass/fail registration, dropping and adding courses, and withdrawal from the University have been standardized for all academic units of the University effective with the 1974-75 academic year.
GRADE SYMBOLS
The instructor is responsible for whatever grade symbol (A, B, C, D, F, IF, IW, or IP) is to be assigned. Special symbols (NC, W, and Y) are indications of registration or grade status and are not assigned by the instructor but are automatically converted by the grade application system, explained under Pass/Fail Procedure.
A— superior/excellent—4 credit points per credit hour.
B —good/better than average — 3 credit points per credit hour.
C—competent/average —2 credit points per credit hour.
D—minimum passing — 1 credit point per credit hour.
F—failing — no credit points per credit hour.
IF—incomplete—conversion after one academic year to
F.
IW— incomplete—conversion after one academic year to W.
IP—in progress—thesis at the graduate level only.
P/F—pass/fail—P grade is not included in the grade-point average; the F grade is included; up to 16 hours of pass/fail course work may be credited toward a bachelor’s degree.
H/P/F—honors/pass/fail— intended for honors courses; credit hours count toward the degree but are not included in the grade-point average.
SPECIAL SYMBOLS
NC—indicates registration on a no-credit basis.
W— indicates withdrawal without credit.
Y— indicates the final grade roster was not received by the time grades were processed.
PASS/FAIL PROCEDURE
1. Any student who wishes to register for a course on a pass/fail basis should do so during regular registration pro-
‘Students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science must receive scores of 4 or 5 for credit to be granted; students with scores of 3 may be considered by the department concerned. All credit must be validated by subsequent academic performance.


General Information / 13
PASS/FA1L OPTION RESTRICTIONS
College General 16 Hours Maximum Transfer Students
Business and Administration May not be used for “core” courses required for graduation and courses in area of emphasis Includes credit received through CLEP and advanced standing examinations Maximum of 1 semester hour of pass/fail for every 8 semester hours attempted at the University
Education No restrictions
Engineering and Applied Science Courses must be designated by major department; students without major not eligible; recommended maximum—one course/semester Includes courses taken in the honors program Maximum of 1 semester hour of pass/fail may be applied toward graduation for every 9 semester hours taken in the college
Graduate School Not applicable toward degree
Liberal Arts and Sciences May be restricted in certain majors; not included in 30 hours of C or better work required for major Does not include courses taken in honors, physical education, cooperative education, and certain teacher certification courses May not be used by students graduating with only 30 semester hours taken at the University
Music Same as business Includes courses taken in the honors program
cedures. (Up to 16 semester hours of regular course work may be taken on a pass/fail basis and credited toward the bachelor’s degree.) Changes to or from a pass/fail basis may be effected only during the regular drop/add period.
2. The record of pass/fail registration is maintained by the Office of Admissions and Records.
3. Academic deans and faculty will not be informed of special pass/fail registration. All students who register on a pass/fail basis appear on the regular class roster, and a normal letter grade is assigned by the professor. When grades are received in the Records Office, those registrations which require a pass/fail designation are automatically converted by the grade application system. Grades of D and above convert to grades of P.
4. Only 6 hours of course work may be P/F in any given semester.
5. Exception to the pass/fail regulations is permitted for certain specified courses offered by the School of Education, the Division of Continuing Education, and Study Abroad Programs.
6. Graduate degree students can exercise the P/F option for undergraduate courses only. However, a grade of P will not be acceptable for graduate credit to satisfy any Graduate School requirement.
Adding and Dropping Courses1
Adding Courses. Students may add courses to their original registration during the first 5 days of classes, provided there is space available. Approval signatures are not required.
Dropping Courses-.
1. Students will be able to drop courses during the first 12 days of the fall or spring semesters (7th day of the summer term). Tuition will not be charged for the courses which are dropped and signatures are not required.
2. After the 12th day of a fall or spring semester (7th day of a summer term), the instructor’s signature is required on the drop card, and the instructor must indicate whether the student is passing or failing. If the student is
passing, the course will appear on the student’s permanent record with a grade of W. If the student is failing, the course will appear on the permanent record with an F grade. No refimd of tuition is made for courses which are dropped after the 12th day (7th day of the summer term) of classes.
3. After the 10th week of a fall or spring semester (5th week of a summer term), courses may not be dropped unless there are circumstances clearly beyond the student’s control. In addition to the instructor’s certification (as in 2 above), the student must petition the academic dean for approval to drop the courses. Tuition will be charged even though the drop is allowed.
Withdrawal From the University
To withdraw from the University, the student obtains approval of the dean’s office, Finance Office, and the Office of Admissions and Records. The withdrawal date is recorded on the student’s permanent record page. If the withdrawal date is prior to the 13th day of the semester (7th day of the summer term), the courses will not appear on the student’s permanent record. If the withdrawal date is after the 12th day, the courses will appear with W grades. Students may not withdraw after the 10th week of the semester (5th week of the summer term) except under documented circumstances clearly beyond their control.
Students who are receiving veterans’ benefits or financial aid also must obtain the required signature of the appropriate office(s).
A student who ceases to attend classes without officially withdrawing from the University will receive a grade of F for all course work enrolled for during that term.
A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the University must apply to the associate dean of the Graduate School for permission to withdraw in good standing. Students who withdraw without communicating with the associate dean and filing the appropriate Withdrawal
•For the exact dates, check the Schedule of Courses for the appropriate term.


14 / University of Colorado at Denver
Form, will be marked as having failed their courses for the term.
For specific signatures and refunds the student must refer to the Schedule of Courses published prior to the beginning of each term.
Inspection of Educational Records
Periodically, but not less than annually, the University of Colorado informs students of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. This act, with which the institution intends to comply fully, was designated to protect the privacy of educational records, to establish the right of students to inspect and review their educational records, and to provide guidelines for the correction of inaccurate or misleading data through informal and formal hearings. Students also have the right to file complaints with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Office (FERPA) concerning alleged failures by the institution to comply with the act.
Local policy explains in detail the procedures to be used by the institution for compliance with the provisions of the act. Copies of the policy can be found in the library on each of the several campuses of the University of Colorado.
A directory of records which lists all educational records maintained on students by this institution may be found in the offices of the chancellor on each campus.
The following items of student information have been designated by the University of Colorado as public or directory information. Such information may be disclosed by the institution for any purpose, at its discretion. These items are: name, address, telephone number, dates of attendance, registration status, class, major field of study, awards, honors, degree(s) conferred, past and present participation in officially recognized sports and activities, physical factors (height, weight) of athletes, date and place of birth.
Currently enrolled students may withhold disclosure of any category of information under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. To withhold disclosure, written notification must be received in the Office of Admissions and Records on the appropriate campus prior to the 11th day of classes in each and every term. Forms requesting the withholding of directory information are available in the Office of Admissions and Records.
The University of Colorado assumes that failure on the part of any student to request specifically the withholding of categories of directory information indicates individual approval for disclosure.
Questions concerning the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act may be referred to the Office of Admissions and Records.
Good Standing
To remain in good standing within a particular department, a student must maintain a minimum grade-point average of 2.0 (C) in all course work attempted. A minimum grade-point average of 2.0 must also be maintained to qualify for an undergraduate degree. Policies on academic probation, suspension, and dismissal vary by college or school, and students should refer to the sections of this bulletin dealing with the colleges and schools for information.
Student Classification
Students who have passed fewer than 30 semester hours are classified as freshmen. To be classified as a sophomore, a student must have passed 30 semester hours; to be classified as a junior, 60 hours; and to be classified as a senior, 90 hours of credit. All transfer students will be classified on the same basis according to their hours of credit accepted by the University of Colorado.
Student Indebtedness
A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or credit from the University. Transcripts will not be released to a student with a financial obligation to the University. The only exception to this policy involves students who have loans or other types of indebtedness which mature after graduation.
VI. STUDENT SERVICES
Dean of Student Affairs Office
This office is responsible for providing leadership for the Student Affairs programs and offices. It also serves as a liaison with student government, provides UCD representation in Auraria-shared student services, and coordinates orientation and graduation programs, study abroad programs, and special student research programs. The office telephone is 629-8427.
The Dean of Student Affairs Office protects student rights and responsibilities by administering the Code of Student Conduct. When a student enrolls in the University, he or she agrees to participate meaningfully in the life of the University and to share in the obligation to preserve and promote its educational endeavors. Each student preserves his or her rights as a citizen and has a basic obligation not to commit or to tolerate any impingement on the rights of others. Copies of the code and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the office.
Counselor Training Center
Using the services of students in master’s level counseling programs, help is provided to deal with personal concerns. Group meetings address topical issues and crisis counseling is available. Information and appointments can be made by contacting the center at 629-2861.
Health Insurance Program
The student medical-hospital-surgical plan is automatic for all students unless waived. Dependent coverage is available at an additional charge. Summer insurance coverage is available for students not registered. For further information refer to the portion on Tuition and Fees in the General Information section of this bulletin, or call 629-2861.
Office of the Associated Students
The University of Colorado at Denver is located in downtown Denver, and as an urban university does not of-


General Information / 15
fer housing or social fraternities or sororities. The variety and complexity of cultural programs and community services offered to the student body allow them to become directly involved with student government, whose main function is to bring new and special events to the student body. There are also student organizations who are interested in a certain discipline or ethnic culture. These organizations offer career-related activities, social functions, and special tutorial assistance. Telephone 629-2510 or 629-2998.
Recreational Services
A portion of the student activity fee budget is used to provide access to recreational facilities for UCD students. Facilities at the Auraria Physical Education Building include an all-weather running track; fields for baseball, football, and soccer; tennis courts; gym for basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics; dance studio; racquetball, handball courts; weight room; and a 25 meter swimming pool. Telephone 629-3145.
Senior Citizen Program
The Dean of Student Affairs Office coordinates tuition-free classes for persons 60 years of age and over. Senior citizens may register for any class on a noncredit/audit basis as long as space is available. Senior citizens should register and pick up class registration forms in Room 165, East Classroom Building, and should take the completed forms to the first session of class for the instructor’s approval. The form then should be returned to Room 165, and a student I.D. card will be issued which entitles senior citizens to the same privileges as regular degree students. For further information call 629-8427.
Special Services Program
The UCD Special Services Program is a federally funded program of academic support services designed to promote student retention. Services provided to participating students include special classes for credit to improve basic skills, an English-as-a-second-language instructional program, specialized tutoring, academic advising, career assessment, and academic improvement workshops.
In order to participate in the program, students must meet specific eligibility requirements. Eligible students include Financial Aid students, physically disabled students, and first-generation college students defined as students neither of whose parents has received a baccalaureate degree from a college or university.
All students must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents of the United States in order to be eligible for Special Services. Please note that the Special Services Program is completely distinct from the special student admission status at UCD.
For information call 629-8345.
Special Student Advising
All nondegree students should contact this office to be advised of the procedure for becoming a degree student. There are limitations for students who do not attain degree status. For questions regarding degree status call 629-2861.
Study Skills Center
The Study Skills Center is an academic support service for the students enrolled at UCD. It provides tutorial assistance, 1-credit developmental courses, modules in rapid reading and study skills, diagnostic testing (i.e., spelling, vocabulary, reading, mathematics, composition, study skills), and coordinates the review courses for the GRE and GMAT with the Division of Continuing Education. Telephone 629-2803.
Testing Office
The University of Colorado at Denver’s Testing Office offers a full range of tests. This student assistance program includes pretest counseling, test administration, test service to disabled individuals, test scoring, and test interpretation. The Testing Office participates in such admissions tests as the ACT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, CLEP, MAT, and DOPPELT. In addition, the center provides certification and accreditation examinations as well as career planning evaluations. Telephone 629-2861.
Veterans Service
The Office of Veterans Affairs is an initial contact point for veteran-students attending UCD under their veterans benefits earned while serving in the Armed Forces.
The office maintains proper certification for each individual veteran-student so that Veterans Administration offices are assured that veterans receiving benefits are, in fact, pursuing specific academic programs. In addition, the office can refer veterans to counseling services, arrange tutorial benefits, and refer students for reading and study skills aid. Telephone 629-2630.
Women's Center
The Women’s Center provides supportive services for women students and prospective students and provides programs to meet the needs of all UCD students in addition to the topical concerns of women students. The center realizes the importance of responding to the changing needs of women students by:
1. Assisting women who are returning to school in making vocational choices and in adjusting to the school environment.
2. Providing counseling and referral services regarding family, financial, health, and legal concerns.
3. Educating the student body and faculty about the changing role of women.
4. Researching those needs of women at UCD that may be met by increased and present programming of the Women’s Center. Telephone 629-2815.
Auraria Student Assistance Center
The services described below are available in the Auraria Student Assistance Center. Hours are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday. Please call for scheduled evening hours. Telephone 629-3474.
International Student Services. Students from 72 countries are enrolled on the Auraria campus, enhancing the academic life on the campus at large. The office helps these students by providing nonacademic support services


16 / University of Colorado at Denver
and assisting them in bridging the cultural gap which many of them face when entering this country to attend college.
Job Placement. This office offers a full range of assistance to Auraria students and graduates seeking employment. Services include listings of part- and full-time positions for currently enrolled students; vacancy notices of professional positions; workshops on job search techniques, resume writing, and interviewing; bimonthly newsletter; individual counseling; career resource library; and on-campus interviews with recruiters.
Information and Referral Office. This office provides information to prospective students on academic offerings at each institution, information on AHEC services, and arranges specific referrals for prospective students with institutional personnel. Campus tours for groups and individual potential students can be arranged through the office.
Disabled Student Services. Provides aid and academic assistance to the disabled students at MSC and UCD. The office also works closely with faculty and staff to promote awareness of handicapped needs.
VII. SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND FACILITIES
Alumni and Friends Program
The UCD Alumni and Friends organization was established in 1975 to support the University of Colorado at Denver. Membership is open to all University of Colorado graduates, former students, and friends of the University.
The organization publishes a newsletter on alumni and University activities, and sponsors legislative events to aid in keeping alumni, students, and faculty informed about the legislative process.
Members work with students to select the campus’ outstanding teachers, sponsor a reception for each graduating class, and coordinate the UCD Distinguished Service Award program. Functions are planned which bring alumni and friends back to the campus.
Auraria Book Center
Both required and optional textbooks are arranged in the Book Center according to computer call number. Each UCD course has a shelf tag which lists books by author and title. Reference books, children’s books, art supplies, and a wide variety of supplemental materials also are available. Telephone 629-3230, 9th Street and Lawrence.
Auraria Child Care Center
Located at 9th Street and West Colfax, the center is a nonprofit organization providing child care for students, faculty, and staff on the campus. It is licensed by the Colorado Dept, of Social Services and meets all interagency requirements. Between 300 and 400 children are served each week. Space is available for 30 toddlers aged 18 months to 3 years, and 120 children aged 3 to 8 years. A certified kindergarten program is available between 8 a.m. and noon. Registration for each semester is held immediately before classes begin. For more information call 629-3188.
Auraria Library and Media Center
The Auraria Library and Media Center provide a wide variety of learning resources for the students and faculty of all Auraria institutions. The library offers seating for approximately 2,000 individuals and has over 130,000 usable square feet.
The library has more than 690,000 volumes of books, microforms, and bound periodicals, in addition to over 1,700 current periodical and newspaper subscriptions. Strong subject collections at the Auraria Library include the fields of public administration, urban studies, and criminal justice. The main collection is supplemented by the Environmental Design Branch Library. As a member of the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries, the Auraria Library has access to an additional 6,000,000 volumes through interlibrary loan.
Special services offered by the library include computerized bibliographic searches, library orientation and instruction for groups and individuals, listening and viewing facilities, and a depository of government documents. Library rooms are also available for individual study, group conferences, and typing.
The Media Center, an integral part of the Auraria Library, works with faculty to enhance the quality of instructional programs through the use of media services. The Media Center staff provides advice and assistance in the design, production, and use of various media resources, including instructional graphics and photography, film, videotape, audiotape, discs, and television. The Media Center also circulates media and tele-communications equipment to faculty for classroom use.
Auraria Student Center
The Student Center, located at 9th Street and Lawrence, houses a cafeteria, the campus Book Center, a study lounge, game room, offices for student government and organizations, a copy center, exhibit space, locker rentals, meeting and conference facilities, and a tavern.
Division of Continuing Education
The Division of Continuing Education (CE) at UCD provides lifelong learning experiences for adults of all ages seeking to attain career and personal development goals. Its primary role is one of disseminating knowledge to groups or persons other than those enrolled as regular students.
CE offers a large noncredit program ranging from one-day workshops to certificate programs requiring several semesters to complete. Courses in the arts and humanities explore such topics as parenting, self-awareness, music and art, photography, languages, and literature. Programs for professionals include licensing and refresher courses for engineers, accountants, life insurance agents, and architects. Certificate programs in data processing and supervision provide career updating opportunities. Two- and three-day executive programs are focused on the management of high technology and energy industries. Most noncredit programs are open to all adults regardless of previous training.
Off-campus credit classes at Lowry Air Force Base, Fitz-simons Army Medical Center, and in the public schools


General Information / 17
supplement the regular academic programs offered at UCD. The Vacation College gives UCD students an opportunity to acquire a needed course during the semester break in January.
Individuals interested in obtaining a copy of the Division of Continuing Education Bulletin or other information may write or call the division office at UCD, 1100 14th Street, 629-2735.
Cooperative Education Program
The Cooperative Education Program is an academic program which provides students with an opportunity to supplement their academic classroom learning with on-the-job work experiences or internships related to their academic studies. The program is open to all students in the colleges and schools of UCD who have completed their freshman year and have maintained a grade-point average of at least 2.5. Students are placed either as paid Co-op trainees or volunteer Co-op interns with corporations, businesses, or government agencies in positions that complement their academic coursework. Co-op students can work either full time by alternating semesters of work with semesters of full-time school, or they can work part time year around. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the College of Music award academic credit at the 398 level for a Co-op work experience. Students placed by the Co-op program in paid or volunteer assignments, as well as students who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligible to earn Co-op credit. For more information contact the Cooperative Education Office, 629-2892.
Development Program
In 1981-82, UCD established a development program in conjunction with the University Foundation. Its purpose is to establish supportive relationships between UCD and area foundations, corporations, and individuals. No state funds are used for this activity. The development program is also integrally related to the Alumni and Friends organization and offers leadership to that group.
Educational Opportunity Program
The Educational Opportunity Programs assist all educationally disadvantaged students at UCD. Support programs include specialized recruiting, intensive counseling, tutorial services, and community outreach programs. The program is designed to provide assistance to minority students and to acquaint students with the history and culture of Asian Americans, Blacks, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans. Student organizations provide assistance with recruitment, counseling, and tutoring; financial assistance is available through grants and the Work/Study program. Courses are offered in Asian American, Black, Mexican American, and Native American Studies. These courses are open to all students and are described in the Course Description section of this bulletin under Ethnic Studies.
Center for Environmental Sciences
The Center for Environmental Sciences, funded by federal agencies and private foundations, conducts basic and applied research focusing on understanding and pro-
viding solutions for environmental issues related to natural resource development.
The research programs involve faculty, students, and staff from many disciplines at UCD and other universities in the Rocky Mountain region. While the center does not have a formal education program, many students have obtained master’s and Ph.D. degrees while working on center programs.
The Oil Shale Task Force, located in the center, has a lead role in the U.S. Department of Energy’s oil shale research program. The center’s Analytical Chemistry Laboratory is considered to be one of the premier labs in the nation.
The administration offices of the center are located in St. Cajetan’s Center, Auraria campus, telephone 629-3460.
International Education
The Office of International Education on the Boulder campus expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships. The office also arranges study abroad programs and offers over 20 different programs around the globe.
Some of the study abroad programs are of the traditional junior year abroad variety, which places a student directly in a foreign university for an academic year. Such programs are available at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, England; the University of Bordeaux, France; the University of Costa Rica, San Jose; the American University in Cairo, Egypt; the University of Regensburg, Germany; the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel; the University of Bologna, Italy; Konan University, Japan; the University of Seville, Spain; the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Catholic University of Lima, Peru; and Leningrad State University, U.S.S.R. Engineering and commercial Spanish students may be particularly interested in programs at ITESM in Monterrey, Mexico.
For students unable to spend an academic year abroad, programs for a single semester are available with various emphases, particularly on intensive language learning. Students may study beginning intermediate language in Chambery, France, during the spring semester. In fall, spring, or summer, students may attend a one-semester language program in Jalapa, Mexico. Students who wish the experience of a foreign institution may attend a single semester program in San Jose, Costa Rica; Rennes, France; or Seville, Spain. Special summer programs, e.g., an history in Italy, are organized with specific departments upon request.
Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign university. A B average with the equivalent of two years of college level work in the appropriate language is required. Financial aid from the University can be applied to program costs in most cases, and all credit earned while abroad is considered resident credit.
More information about study abroad programs is available in the Auraria International Services Office, 629-3474, or the Office of International Education, Boulder campus, 492-7741.


18 / University of Colorado at Denver
VIII. RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAMS
Army
U.S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), Department of Military Science, University of Colorado at Denver, 1059 Ninth Street, 629-3491.
The Department of Military Science offers two Army ROTC programs leading to a commission in the active Army, the Army Reserve, or the Army National Guard Forces.
FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM
The standard four-year program consists of two phases. The basic course, normally completed during the freshman and sophomore years, consists of courses in military science, officer career development, and leadership theory and management. The advanced course coincides with the junior and senior years. Subject areas include psychology and methods of instruction, tactics and unit operations, military law, history, national strategy, and army policies. Completion of a six-week advanced camp during the summer is required prior to commissioning.
Students should contact the Professor of Military Science (629-3491, 1059 Ninth Street) for specific requirements and options available based on each student’s status at the time of program entry. Students who are veterans of military service or participated in Junior ROTC, Civil Air Patrol, or similar organizations may have a portion or all of the basic course requirements waived by the Professor of Military Science.
TWO-YEAR PROGRAM
The abbreviated two-year program consists of the same courses offered in the advanced course. However, both undergraduate and graduate students may become qualified for this program by successful completion of a six-week summer basic camp, an on-campus summer program, or by completion of specially designed compression courses offered during the spring or summer semesters. If selected for the abbreviated program under these options, students may receive an early commission with the Reserve or National Guard while continuing their college education at the undergraduate or graduate level.
SCHOLARSHIPS
Students selected for a U.S. Army scholarship receive full tuition, books, laboratory fees, classroom materials, and a monthly allowance of $100 during each academic year. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Only high school seniors are eligible to apply for four-year scholarships. Both ROTC and non-ROTC students, enrolled on campus as full-time students, may compete for the three-, two-, and one-year scholarships. All scholarship benefits are tax free and competition is open to both men and women.
FLIGHT TRAINING
Students selected for the advanced course may become qualified, as cadets, to participate in the Army Aviation
Program. These individuals will attend flight school after completion of their officer’s basic course while on active duty.
ARMY ROTC COURSE CREDIT
Army ROTC course credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the Professor of Military Science or dean of their college to clarify the number of credit hours to be awarded.
Air Force
U.S. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC), Folsom Stadium, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, 492-8351.
U.S. Air Force ROTC offers two programs leading to commission in the U.S. Air Force upon receipt of the baccalaureate degree. Graduate students may be commissioned upon completion of 12 hours of the professional officer course and a six-week summer training program.
STANDARD FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM
This program is in three parts: the general military course for lower division (freshman and sophomore) students, the professional officer course for upper division students, and leadership laboratory (attended by all students). Completion of the general military course is a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course. Completion of a four-week summer training course is required prior to commissioning.
MODIFIED TWO-YEAR PROGRAM
This program is offered to full-time, regularly enrolled degree students at both undergraduate and graduate levels who will have two years remaining at the University of Colorado when they enroll. Selection is on a competitive basis. Applicants should apply directly to the Professor of Aerospace Studies not later than March 15 of the spring semester immediately preceding the academic year in which they desire to enroll in the program. Those selected for this program must complete a six-week field training program during the summer months as a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course the following fall or spring semester.
FLIGHT TRAINING
Expense-paid ground school and flight training are open to cadets approved and qualified for future USAF pilot training.
AIR FORCE COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
Students participating in Air Force ROTC may be eligible to compete for Air Force ROTC College Scholarships. Students selected for this program are placed on grants that pay tuition, book costs, nonrefundable educational fees, and subsistence of $100 per month, tax free. All cadets enrolled in the professional officer course receive $100 per month subsistence during the regular academic year. Students are also eligible to compete for two-, three-, or four-year scholarships open to both men and women.



AFROTC COURSE CREDIT
AFROTC credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the appropriate college or the Professor of Aerospace Studies for determination of credit.
COURSES
See Department of Military Science in the Course Description section of this bulletin for courses offered.
IX. ADMINISTRATION Board of Regents
JACK KENT ANDERSON, Golden, term expires 1985
RICHARD J. BERNICK, Denver, term expires 1987
FRED M. BETZ, JR., Lamar, term expires 1983
PETER C. DIETZE, Boulder, term expires 1985
BYRON L. JOHNSON, Denver, term expires 1983
SANDY F. KRAEMER, Colorado Springs, term expires 1983
RACHEL B. NOEL, Denver, term expires 1985
ROY H. SHORE, Greeley, term expires 1987
DAVID K. SUNDERLAND, Colorado Springs, term expires 1987
University-Wide Officers
ARNOLD R. WEBER, President of the University; Professor of Economics, UCB; Professor of Public Affairs, UCD. B.A., M.A., University of Illinois; Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
C. WILLIAM FISCHER, Vice President for Budget and Finance; Professor Attendant Rank of Public Affairs. B.A., Muskingum College; M.P.A., Harvard University.
OLIVER M. SHERMAN, Vice President fot External Affairs.
THEO. VOLSKY, JR., Vice President for Administration; Professor of Psychology. B.S., M.S., Kansas State University; PhD., University of Minnesota.
H.H. ARNOLD, Executive Secretary of the Board of Regents and of the University. B.A., LL.B., University of Colorado.
HERBERT R. DUNHAM, Assistant Vice President for Finance and Treasurer. B.S.(Bus.), Bryant College. CPA: Colorado.
University of Colorado at Denver
GENE M. NORDBY, Chancellor; Professor of Civil Engineering. B.S.(C.E.), Oregon State University; M.S.(C.E.), Ph.D., University of Minnesota. Professional Engineer: Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma.
General Information / 19
ROBERT W. SHAH AN, Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs; Professor of Philosophy. B.A., Oklahoma Baptist University; M.Div., New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary; M.A., University of Oklahoma; Ph.D., Northwestern University.
PATRICIA SENN BREIVIK, Director, Auraria Library and Media Center; Professor. B.A., Brooklyn College; M.L.S., Pratt Institute; D.L.S., Columbia University.
GEORGE L. BURNHAM, Director, Admissions and Records. B.A., William Jewell College; M.A., University of Kansas City.
WILLARD R. CHAPPELL, Director, Center for Environmental Sciences; Professor of Physics. M.A., Harvard University; B.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado.
GEORGE H. HAGEVIK, Executive Director, Institute for Urban and Public Policy Research; Associate Professor Adjunct of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., University of Washington; Ph.D., University of North Carolina.
KENNETH E. HERMAN, Director, Administration and Finance. B.S.(Bus.), University of Colorado.
BARBARA HOLLAND, Assistant to the Chancellor; Director, Office of Public Information and Publications. B.A., M.A., University of Missouri.
PAUL E. BARTLETT, Resident Dean, College of Engineering and Applied Science; Professor of Civil Engineering. B.S.(C.E.), B.S.(Bus.), M.S.(C.E.), University of Colorado. Professional Engineer: Colorado.
BRUCE W. BERGLAND, Acting Associate Dean, Graduate School; Assistant Dean, Associate Professor of Education. B.S., Iowa State University; Ph.D., Stanford University.
WILLIAM D. BOUB, Dean, Summer Session; Director, Division of Continuing Education. B.S., Kansas State Teachers College; M.S., University of Illinois.
DANIEL FALLON, Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; Professor of Psychology. B.A., Antioch College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia.
MARSHALL KAPLAN, Dean, Graduate School of Public Affairs; Professor of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., Boston University; M.C.P., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
GERALD W. LUNDQUIST, Associate Dean, School of Education; Professor of Education. B.A., University of Puget Sound; M.A., Ph.D., Arizona State University.
JOHN M. PROSSER, Acting Dean, College of Environmental Design; Professor of Architecture. B.A.(Arch.), University of Kansas; M.Arch., Carnegie Institute of Technology. Registered Architect: Colorado, Kansas.
FRANZ L. ROEHMANN, Associate Dean, College of Music; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., State University of New York; M.Mus., Ed.D., University of Illinois.
NANCY A. SCOTT, Acting Dean of Student Affairs; Assistant Professor of Education. B.S., M.A., Ed.D., University of Colorado.
DONALD L. STEVENS, Resident Dean, College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration; Professor of Finance. B.A., M.B.A., Ph D., Michigan State University.


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College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration
Donald L. Stevens, Resident Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
The College of Business and Administration and the Graduate School of Business Administration at UCD offer programs designed to train competent, responsible administrative and related professional personnel. The College serves students entering this field of study and men and women already in administrative positions —demonstrated by the fact that 80-85 percent of courses are offered in the evening. It promotes research and new thinking about administrative problems.
The major purpose of the College of Business is to provide opportunities both for a liberal education and for professional training. Students are given help in preparing not only for effective careers but also for satisfying living and constructive citizenship.
The Graduate School of Business Administration offers graduate-level education in business to persons with undergraduate degrees in business and other academic fields and prepares them for work in the broad spectrum of business enterprise. All Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) classes are offered in the evening.
The College was admitted to membership in the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business in 1938.
The College participates on a continuing basis in the Executive Program for the Gas Industry, the Institute of Organization Management, the Colorado School of Banking, the National Installment Banking School, the School of Bank Marketing, the School for International Banking, and many activities of the Center for Management and Technical Programs. The College also assists in the presentation throughout Colorado of a Certificate Program in Real Estate. The faculty also participate in many continuing education, government, and company educational programs.
The UCD Business Advisory Council serves as a direct link with the Denver business community to promote understanding, cooperation, and mutual gain in a variety of education-industry activities.
Career Opportunities
Graduates occupy positions and perform widely varied functions in:
Advertising
Banking
Consumer credit and mortgage finance
Credit administration Financial management Health administration Industrial selling and purchasing Information systems Insurance
International business Investments
Management accounting Management consulting
Marketing management Marketing research Minerals land management Operations research Personnel-human resources management Production management Public accounting Real estate Retailing
Selling and sales management Traffic management Transportation Wholesaling
Others hold positions of responsibility in fields as diverse as business journalism, public relations, city planning, chamber of commerce and trade association management, college administration, and government.
Organization
Within the broad framework of policy established by the Regents of the University of Colorado, policy decisions for the College of Business are made by the Educational Policy Committee of the faculty under the chairmanship of the dean and are subject to review by the faculty as a whole.
The College’s activities at UCD are administered by the resident dean, by the heads of its several instructional divisions, and by other faculty directors of particular programs.
Research Activities
The Business Research Division provides facilities and trained personnel for research on business and economic problems. Established in 1915, the unit serves as the research arm of the College. The division serves Colorado and the surrounding region to improve the general economic welfare of the area and to gather and disseminate business and economic information; encourages research by faculty members and graduate students; and develops closer relationships between students, faculty, and businessmen.
Through its monthly publication, The Colorado Business Review, the division provides basic business information concerning Colorado. Other publications include compilations of business and economic data, industry surveys, studies of special problems in business management, and regional community studies.


22 / University of Colorado at Denver
Honors Program—Undergraduate
Upon recommendation of the faculty, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation.
Students must achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.3 and a grade-point average of 3.5 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado to be considered for cum laude.
Those who achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.5 and a grade-point average of 3.7 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado will be considered for magna cum laude.
Student Organizations
Opportunity for association with other College of Business and Administration students, in varied activities intended to stimulate professional interests and to give recognition to scholastic attainment, is provided by the following student organizations:
AIESEC—international business association Beta Alpha Psi —national honorary and professional accounting fraternity
Beta Gamma Sigma —national honorary scholastic fraternity in business
BREC—Buffalo Real Estate Club
CSPA —Colorado Society for Personnel Administration (student chapter) for students interested in personnel or industrial relations
CUAMA — student chapter of the American Marketing Association
MBA Association —University of Colorado association of master’s students in business
Phi Chi Theta—national professional business and economics fraternity
Rho Epsilon—professional real estate fraternity Sigma Iota Epsilon —professional and honorary management fraternity
S AML—Student Association of Minerals Landmen ACADEMIC POLICIES
Academic policies which apply to all UCD students are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. The policies that follow apply specifically to the College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration.
All students are responsible for knowing and following the provisions set forth in this bulletin. Any questions concerning those provisions are to be directed to the College office. The College cannot assume responsibility for problems resulting from a student’s failure to follow the policies stated in the bulletin, or misinformation given by someone other than a staff member of the College. Similarly, students are responsible for all deadlines, rules, and regulations stated in the Schedule of Courses.
Scholastic Load
The normal scholastic load of an undergraduate business student is 15 semester hours, with a maximum of 18 hours during the fall/spring semesters and 12 hours during sum-
mer sessions. Hours carried concurrently in the Division of Continuing Education, whether in classes or through correspondence, are included in the student’s load.
Registration for Business Courses
The course admission criteria are designed to meet a number of objectives:
1. To assure access to business courses for students seeking a business degree.
2. To serve students in other colleges who have business-related educational objectives or requirements.
3. To serve the nondegree-seeking special students who have specific career or educational goals.
In order to serve the needs of nonbusiness degree students, core courses in the College of Business (Acct. 200, B.Ad. 100, B.Ad. 200, B.Law 300, Fin. 305, Mk. 300, Or.Mg. 330, Pr.Mg. 300, Q.M. 201) will be open to all University of Colorado students in good standing on a space-available basis. However, students admitted to the College of Business will be given priority in registering. For all business courses, nonbusiness degree students will be able to enroll up to a maximum of 21 semester hours.
Admission to noncore business courses will be limited to the following students:
1. Those admitted to the College of Business. (Refer to Model Degree Program in this section.)
2. Nonbusiness degree students who may request admission to business courses outside the core on a petition basis. However, the total number of College of Business courses may not exceed the 21-semester-hour limit.
3. Nondegree special students who may enroll for a maximum of 15 semester hours of business courses.
Attendance Regulations
Classroom attendance is at the discretion of the instructor. Students are responsible for determining each instructor’s policy on attendance.
Grading, Point System, and Pass/Fail Option
See the General Information section for University-wide grading system and pass/fail policy. Students in the College may not take required business or nonbusiness courses, or business elective courses on a pass /fail basis. A maximum of 16 hours pass /fail credit may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business; transfer students may take 1 hour pass/fail for every 8 hours completed at this institution. Pass/fail determination must be made within the posted deadline, and is irreversible. A maximum of 6 hours pass/fail may be taken in any one semester. Failed courses may be repeated, but the Fwill be included in the grade-point average.
A student who receives an incomplete grade of IF must complete course requirements (exams, papers, etc.) and may not retake the entire course to remove the incomplete.
Adding and Dropping Courses
See the General Information section of this bulletin for University-wide drop/add policies.


College of Business and Administration / 23
Administrative Drop
Instructors may recommend to the College of Business and Administration office that students who fail to meet expected course attendance or course prerequisites be dropped from the course.
Withdrawal
Students may withdraw without discredit at any time prior to the start of the final examination period.
Students who leave the University before the end of the semester should obtain a Withdrawal Form from the resident dean’s office and follow the instructions on the form. The completed form must be turned in to the Office of Admissions.
Appeal Procedure
Students should contact the resident dean or staff members in the College of Business and Administration office for appeal and petition procedures pertaining to rules and regulations of the College.
SPECIFIC UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC POLICIES
Standards of Performance
Students are held to basic standards of performance established for their classes with respect to attendance, active participation in course work, promptness in completion of assignments, correct English usage both in writing and in speech, accuracy in calculations, and general quality of scholastic workmanship.
In general, examinations are required in all courses and for all students, including graduating seniors.
To be in good standing, students must have an overall grade-point average of not less than 2.0 (C = 2.0) for all course work attempted and a 2.0 for all business courses attempted. This applies to work taken at all University campuses. Activity physical education and remedial courses are not included in the overall average.
When semester grades become available, students below standard will be notified of (1) probationary status or (2) suspension. Students are responsible for being aware of their academic standing at all times and late grades and/or notification does not waive this responsibility.
College rules governing probation and suspension are as follows:
1. Any student whose overall grade average, or business course average, is less than 2.0 shall be placed on probation immediately. A student may be removed from probation when the overall average and the business average have been raised to 2.0
2. A student shall remain on probation as long as the student maintains normal degree progress each semester as determined by the College, and obtains no grade below a C; such probationary status may continue a maximum of four regular semesters (including summer) providing these provisions have been met. Failure to meet these provisions will result in indefinite suspension.
3. Indefinitely suspended students may attend the Uni-
versity of Colorado summer term in order to improve their grade averages in the area of deficiency, but may not attend any division of the University for at least two regular (fall and spring) semesters.
4. A student who has been under indefinite suspension for one calendar year may petition for readmission to the College of Business and Administration. If readmitted, that readmission will be on a probationary status. After being readmitted under such probationary status, any student who fails to comply with the requirements of his/her probation will be subject to permanent suspension.
5. Any student who is placed on suspension more than once will be permanently suspended from the College of Business.
6. Any student earning all failing grades or no academic credit for the semester will not be permitted to register without the resident dean’s approval.
7. Official combined degree students are required to maintain the same standards of performance as College of Business students in order to be continued in the combined business program.
Credit
To receive credit, all courses must be listed on the student’s permanent record page by the Office of Admissions and Records. Credit is then evaluated by the College of Business to determine degree acceptability. Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus are credited toward degree requirements if appropriate to the degree program.
Transfer Credit
Credits in business and nonbusiness subjects transferred from other institutions will be limited to the number of credit hours given for equivalent work in the regular offerings of the University. Transfer work is only accepted from institutions accredited by the regional association. In general, the College will limit transfer credit for business courses taken at a lower division level to such courses as the College offers at that level. Actual equivalent courses usually may be substituted for required courses. However, students must verify with advisers that courses are equivalent. Careful checking is required. A course given at another institution may have the same name and same textbook as a required business course and still be taught with a nonbusiness emphasis or other variations that gives it little value for business.
All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. Transfer students must take 30 semester hours of business courses at the University after admission to the College of Business.
A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. Remedial or vocational work does not transfer. Business courses from junior colleges will not be applied toward degree requirements if the coursework is offered at the junior-senior level at UCD.
Business students desiring to take work at another institution or another campus of the University of Colorado and apply the work toward the B.S. degree in business must have prior approval of the College of Business. No


24 / University of Colorado at Denver
credit will be given for courses without the proper approval. Grades of C or better must be earned to receive degree credit. Generally, only elective credit is acceptable in transfer from other institutions once the student has enrolled in the College.
For a detailed explanation of transfer credit, see the General Information section of this bulletin.
Correspondence Credit
Only 30 semester hours of credit, 9 of which may be in business, taken through correspondence study will be counted toward the B.S. degree in business. Required business courses and area of emphasis courses cannot be taken by correspondence. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability.
Credit by Examination
College Level Examination credits (CLEP subject examinations only) are acceptable toward degree requirements to a maximum of 30 hours. Specific information is available in the College of Business and Administration office.
CLEP credit will be applied in the same manner as transfer credits. For credit, students must rank in the 66.7 percentile based on national available norms. Generally, CLEP credit is only appropriate for (a) nonbusiness requirements and (b) nonbusiness electives. A maximum of 6 hours of credit in any one course area is allowed. CLEP may not be used in course areas where credit has already been allowed. General examinations are not acceptable.
Credit for CLEP subject examinations in business course areas must have prior approval in writing by the College of Business and Administration and by the appropriate division head.
Advanced Placement (CEEB) credit will be given where appropriate to students who make scores of 3, 4, or 5.
Special Sources of Credit
Without prior approval of the resident dean, the College reserves the discretion of accepting or rejecting all special sources of credit. A maximum of 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation or dance credits can be accepted toward graduation.
Up to 6 hours of experimental studies or independent study programs can be accepted toward graduation. A maximum of 3 hours of this type of credit may be taken in any one semester.
Junior or senior business students desiring to work beyond regular business course coverage may take variable credit courses (1 to 3 semester hours) under the direction of an instructor who approves the project, but the student must have prior approval. Information and request forms are available in the College of Business and Administration office. The request form must be signed by the instructor, division head of the student’s area of emphasis, and resident dean.
To receive credit for independent study courses and experimental studies, students should obtain the dean’s approval prior to registering for the course. Further information and forms are available in the College office.
No credit is given for work-experience or Cooperative Education programs.
ROTC Credit
Students who are enrolled in and complete the ROTC program may apply a maximum of 12 semester hours of advanced ROTC credit toward nonbusiness elective requirements and toward the 120-semester hour total degree requirement for the B.S. degree in business. No credit toward requirements is granted for basic (freshman and sophomore) ROTC courses. The ROTC adviser can provide more detailed information.
Study Abroad Credit
Transfer credit from study abroad programs is most appropriately applied as nonbusiness elective credit. Required business courses should not be taken during studies abroad. Students are responsible for checking with the College of Business and Administration for prior approval. Information on the various study abroad programs is available at the Office of International Education on the Boulder campus.
No Credit
Due to space limitation, business classes may not be taken on a no-credit basis.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM
The undergraduate curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree is intended to help the student achieve the following general objectives:
1. Understanding of the activities that constitute business enterprise and of the principles underlying administration of those activities.
2. Ability to think through logically and analytically the kinds of complex problems encountered by management.
3. Facility in the arts of communication.
4. Comprehension of the human relationships involved in an organization.
5. Awareness of the social and ethical responsibilities of those in administrative positions.
6. Skill in the art of learning that will help the student continue self-education after leaving the campus.
Admission of Freshman Students
See the General Information section for admission and application procedures.
Prospective students in business are encouraged to pursue a broad college preparatory program in high school, with particular emphasis on English, mathematics, the social sciences, and speech. The College expects entering freshmen to present 13 units of the secondary course work. Completion of two units of algebra and two units of English composition is strongly recommended.
Admission of Transfer Students
See the General Information section of this bulletin for admission and application procedures.
Intrauniversity Transfer
Students who wish to transfer to the College of Business and Administration from another college or school of the


College of Business and Administration / 25
University must formally apply at the College of Business office. A minimum University of Colorado grade-point average, business course grade-point average, and minimum number of academic hours (both established by the College) are required for consideration. Transfer deadlines are August 1 for fall, December 1 for spring, and May 1 for summer.
Students desiring admission to official combined programs must apply to and be accepted by the College of Business. Minimum grade-point averages are also established for these jointly enrolled students.
The College will consider each application based upon the student’s academic standing, the quality of the student’s academic work, and the courses completed.
Second Undergraduate Degree
Students may apply to the College of Business and Administration to earn a second undergraduate degree, provided the first undergraduate degree is in a field other than business. The student who is accepted for the second undergraduate degree will be required to pursue courses in the sequence normally required for a degree plan. For example, if a student registered for the second degree has not had the required mathematics or general education courses, these must be taken before the student will be eligible to register for business courses. Further, the basic business courses (core courses) must be taken before a student begins to pursue the major field. Applications are available through the Office of Admissions and Records.
If a student applying for a second undergraduate degree has an academic record that justifies consideration for the graduate program, that student will be encouraged to consider one of the master’s programs.
Academic Advising
Each student in the College of Business is responsible for knowing and complying with the academic requirements and regulations established for the College and for classes. Upon admission to the College of Business and Administration or to the Graduate School of Business Administration, the student has the responsibility for conferring with the student advisers in the College concerning an academic program. Appointments for academic advising can be made by calling 629-2605.
Prospective students are encouraged to attend weekly small group advising sessions designed to provide information on the College (admissions, transfer evaluations, etc.). Contact the College office for day, time, and room.
Students should discuss with the faculty of the College the various majors available as well as career opportunities.
Graduation Requirements
The student alone is responsible for the fulfillment of these requirements. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to the College of Business and Administration office (UA Room 516).
The Bachelor of Science (Business) degree requires:
1. Total Credits. A total of 120 acceptable semester
hours of credit, of which at least 54 hours must be in nonbusiness courses (including 9 hours of upper division work) and at least 51 hours in business courses. The remaining 15 hours may be in either, or some combination of both. This credit cannot include remedial work, repetition of courses, courses failed, or activity physical education, recreation and dance courses. However, a maximum 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation, and/or dance may be used. Advanced ROTC work is acceptable only if the ROTC program is completed. All incomplete grades and correspondence course grades must be completed and recorded at the Office of Admissions and Records no later than four weeks prior to graduation. It is the student’s responsibility to contact the instructor concerning the removal of incomplete grades. A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business.
2. Residence. Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business, after admission to the College of Business and Administration, including 12 hours in the area of emphasis. Business courses completed at any University of Colorado campus after the candidate has been admitted to the College are acceptable toward this requirement.
3. Grade Average. Acceptable toward B.S. (Business) degree —2.0 for all University courses, 2.0 for all business courses and 2.0 for the specific 12 hours required for the student’s area of emphasis.
4. Graduation With Honors. Upon recommendation of the faculty of the College of Business, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation. Please refer to the Honors Program under the Information About the College section.
5. Intent to Graduate Form. Students must file an Intent to Graduate Form and Diploma Card with the College of Business and Administration office prior to registering for the last semester. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to a student adviser, UA Room 516.
6. Courses. Completion of all of the following required courses:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Area of emphasis.......................................... 12
Mathematics................................................. 6
Communication and composition............................... 6
Core requirements (basic courses in accounting, business law, business statistics, business and society, data processing, marketing, finance, organization management, production and operations
management and business policy)................................. 30
Electives
Business........................................................ 9
Nonbusiness (to include 9 hours of upper division work)........ 15
Free electives (either business or nonbusiness electives)...... 15
General psychology.................................................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective........................................... 3
Introductory sociology or cultural anthropology..................... 3
Natural science (astro-geophysics, biology, chemistry, physical geography, geological
sciences, and physics).......................................... 6
Political science................................................... 6
Principles of economics.........................................._.__6
Total 120


26 / University of Colorado at Denver
Model Degree Program
The following sequence of courses is a guide to registration.
freshman Year Semester Hours
Engl. 102 or 103. English Composition............................ 3
C.T. 202 or 210. Communication Theory or Public Speaking......... 3
Math. 107. Algebra for Social Science, and Business'............. 3
Math. 108. Calculus for Social Science, and Business' ........... 3
P.Sci. 100. Introduction to Political Science2 ................... 3
P. Sci. 110. American Political System........................... 3
Soc. 100. Introduction to Sociology5.............................. 3
Nonbusiness elective* 4........................................... 3
Natural Science................................................... 6
Total 30
Sophomore Year
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (macro/micro).......... 6
Psy. 203. General Psychology...................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective5........................................ 3
B.Ad. 200. Business Information and the Computer.................. 3
Q. M. 201. Business Statistics.................................. 3
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting................... 3
Nonbusiness electives4.......................................... 9
Total 30
Junior Year
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing.................................. 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance........................................... 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization........... 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management.................. 3
B.Law 300. Business Law........................................... 3
Business electives ............................................... 6
Nonbusiness elective4............................................. 3
Free electives4.................................................... â–  6
Total 30
Senior Year
B.Ad. 411. Business and Society or
B. Ad. 410. Business and Government........................... 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy ot B.Ad. 452. Small Business
Strategy, Policy, and Entrepreneurship........................ 3
Area of emphasis..................................................12
Business elective................................................. 3
Free electives4................................................. 9
Total 30
ACCOUNTING
Accounting courses are offered in several fields of professional accountancy at the intermediate, advanced, and graduate levels. They provide preparation for practice in one or more of the following fields:
Auditing Data processing and
Financial accounting control systems
Managerial accounting Teaching and research
Tax accounting
In all of these fields a thorough knowledge of the social, legal, economic, and political environment is needed. A high degree of analytical ability and communication skill is indispensable.
Courses in English composition, speech, ethics and logic are desirable. Courses in statistics and information systems, beyond the required College of Business core courses, are highly recommended.
The undergraduate area of emphasis in accounting consists of 12 hours beyond Acct. 200 and 202:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Acct. 322. Intermediate Financial Accounting I.................. 3
Acct. 323. Intermediate Financial Accounting II................. 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting...................................... 3
Accounting elective ............................................ 3
Total 12
Students planning to pursue accounting as a career usually take more than the required 12 hours. Many students take a total of about 30 hours of accounting, often taking two courses each semester in their junior and senior years. Students should work closely with the accounting faculty in planning their accounting programs.
Students planning to take the CPA examination should take 30 hours of accounting and also be well prepared in statistics, business law, finance, and economics.
Graduate study in accounting is receiving increasing emphasis by professional organizations and employers. Students meeting admission requirements should consider continuing their education at the graduate level.
Area of Emphasis
Each candidate for the B.S. (Business) degree must complete the prescribed courses in an area of emphasis comprising 12 semester hours taken at the University of Colorado. Typically, students select an area of emphasis from those offered after taking several of the “core” courses. Then they take the hours required for their selected area. Available areas of emphasis are:
Accounting
Finance
Information science International business Marketing
Minerals land management Organization management Personnel-human resources
Production and operations management
Public agency administration Real estate
Small business management Transportation and traffic management management
Although only one area of emphasis will be listed on the student’s official records, students so desiring may accomplish the effect of a dual area of emphasis by careful selection of courses.
FINANCE
The principal areas of study in finance are financial management, monetary policy, banking, investments, and insurance. Finance is intended to give an understanding of fundamental theory pertaining to finance and to develop ability to make practical applications of the principles and techniques of sound financial management in business af-
'Math. 107 and 3 hours of college level calculus. (Math. 108 is recommended.) College algebra carries no degree credit and may not be used in lieu of Math. 107. Transfer students will receive credit for courses that are equivalent to Math. 107. Three hours of college level calculus may be substituted for Math. 108.
JThe following are also acceptable to fulfill the P.Sc. 100 requirement: P.Sc. 210, 300, 302, 304, 306, 340, 333, 355, 365.
JSoc. 100 is recommended to meet the sociology requirement; however, Soc. 104, 119, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384, and Cultural Anthropology are acceptable.
4For completion of the B.S.(Business) degree requirements, the student’s program must include at least 9 semester hours in upper division, nonbusiness courses (300 or 400 level). Graduate level courses will not apply and carry no degree credit.
’Three hours selected from the following courses: (1) History course, 100-200 level; (2) Psych. 204, 225, 245, 320, 321, 365, 449; (3) Phil. 101, 120, 221; (4) Cultural Anthropology or Soc. 100, 104, 119, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384. Group 4 courses are acceptable only if not used to fulfill the sociology requirement.


College of Business and Administration / 27
fairs. Every endeavor is made to train students to think logically about financial problems and to formulate sound financial decisions and policies. Numerous opportunities are to be found with financial institutions and in the field of business finance. Emphasis is placed on financial policy, management, control, analysis and decision making. Acct. 202 is a prerequisite for this area.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Fin. 401. Business Finance I.................................. 3
Fin. 402. Business Finance II................................. 3
Fin. 433- Investment and Portfolio Management................. 3
Fin. 45 5. Monetary and Fiscal Policy......................... 3
Recommended Elective Courses
Fin. 440. International Financial Management.................. 3
Fin. 434. Security Analysis................................... 3
Fin. 453. Bank Management..................................... 3
R.Es. 454. Real Estate Finance................................ 3
Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance ............................ 3
INFORMATION SCIENCE
The information science area is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The student develops those technical skills and administrative insights required for the analysis of information systems, the design and implementation of systems, and the management of data processing operations. The emphasis is on management information systems —systems for the collection, organization, accessing, and analysis of information for the planning and control of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied extensively.
The undergraduate area of emphasis consists of 12 hours beyond B.Ad. 200, Q.M. 201, and I.S. 215.
Required Core (12 Hours) Semester Hours
1.5. 350. Database Information Systems........................ 3
1.5. 465. Systems Analysis and Design......................... 3
1.5. 470. Computerware........................................ 3
Q.M. 330. Operations Research................................. 3
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
In recent years, companies have completely reoriented their thinking, planning, and operations to capitalize on the opportunities offered in the world marketplace. Every phase of business operation is affected by this reorientation, and individuals who offer the appropriate skills, training, and orientation are in great demand.
The program reflects the basic principle that effectiveness in international business is based on a thorough training in business administration. The international business program provides the opportunity to build on these skills. The student electing this area must complete 15 semester hours as follows:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Econ. 441. International Trade (applies as a
non-business elective).......................................... 3
B.Ad. 440. International Business Seminar........................... 3
Fin. 440. International Financial Management........................ 3
Tr. Mg. 458. International Transportation........................... 3
Mk. 490. International Marketing.................................... 3
Because of the availability of courses on the Denver campus, the requirements for this area may vary from those listed for the Boulder campus. Please see an academic adviser for course scheduling.
A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements for the second area can be included as part of the business and free elective hours. Foreign language skills are much sought after by business recruiters for this field. Other courses emphasizing international affairs may be elected from the following departments: anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Students interested in this area may start their preparation by electing language and other liberal arts and sciences courses in their program.
MARKETING
Marketing is concerned with analyzing the market for a product or service, planning and developing that product, determining the most appropriate distribution channels, pricing the product, and promoting it. Today the administrative policies and practices of any well-managed firm should be marketing-oriented toward the consumer.
The career opportunities in marketing reflect the business person’s awareness of the importance of this field. Today many individuals are rising to top executive positions by the marketing route. There are more executive and other job opportunities for women in the marketing field than in any other single area outside teaching or secretarial work. One out of every four people gainfully employed in this country is in a marketing position.
Career opportunities abound in personal selling, advertising, sales management, marketing research, retailing, wholesaling, marketing by manufacturers, international marketing, etc.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Mk. 330. Marketing research.................................. 3
Marketing electives (beyond Mk. 300)......................... 9
MINERALS LAND MANAGEMENT
The curriculum in minerals land management is designed to incorporate the primary course patterns of the College of Business and Administration along with certain field area preparation in geology, chemistry, economics, and land management.
With this preparation, the graduate is a candidate for entry into employment as a landman, exploration trainee, lease broker, and other jobs related to the minerals industry. Colorado is presently the headquarters for a wide assortment of resource-based companies operating throughout the Western United States and Canada. These companies need qualified employees and have helped in the preparation of the program.
The four-year program will consist of all College of Business requirements and must include the following courses. No required courses (business or nonbusiness) may be taken pass/fail.


28 / University of Colorado at Denver
1. Nonbusiness courses Semester Hours
Geol. 207 and 208. Physical Geology and Geophysics1............ 8
Geology/Geography Option2 ..................................... 7
Chem. 101 or 103. General Chemistry............................ 5
2. Business Courses3
Acct. 202. Introduction to Managerial Accounting............... 3
R.Es. 300. Principles of Real Estate........................... 3
Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting............................... 3
3. A minimum of 12 hours for the major area is required as specified below:
Required Courses
(The following four courses)
Ml.Mg. 485. Minerals Landman Administration ..................... 3
Ml.Mg. 495. Oil-Gas and Mineral Law.............................. 3
Fin. 401. Business Finance I..................................... 3
R.Es. 473- Legal Aspects of Real Estate
Transactions................................................. 3
Minerals Landman Administration and Oil-Gas and Mineral Law are given only once a year. These two courses are to be taken after the completion of all lower division requirements and of 90 semester hours of work toward the M.L.M. major. These courses are open only to students who are regularly enrolled in the College of Business and Administration.
Recommended Elective Courses Semester Hours
R.Es. 430. Real Estate Appraisal ............................ 3
B. Law 412. Business Law..................................... 3
Econ. 453. Natural Resources Economics....................... 3
Econ. 454. Environmental Economics............................ 3
Econ. 476. Government Regulation of Business................. 3
Econ. 477, 478. Economic Development—Theory
and Problems I, II......................................... 6
1.5. 215. Data Processing................................... 3
1.5. 350. Database and Information Systems.................. 3
C. E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering................ 2
C.E. 221. Plane Surveying..................................... 3
ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT
The organization management curriculum provides the foundation for a career in supervision and general management in a wide variety of organizations. It develops understanding and skill in management practice. The emphasis is on combining both the human resources and the appropriate operations technologies into productive organizations.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following two courses)
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups................ 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations...................... 3
(At least one of the following)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations.......................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.................. 3
(At least one of the following)
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control....... 3
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management............. 3
PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social Issues..... 3
PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development
and Compensation............................................. 3
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and
Productivity Management...................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and
Operations Management........................................ 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management.................. 3
B.Ad. 470. Small Business — Management and Operation............. 3
PERSONNEL—HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Personnel —human resources management offers opportunities for students to develop professional competence in the areas of personnel administration and labor relations. Students develop understanding and skill in developing and implementing personnel systems including recruitment, selection, evaluation, training, and motivation of employees, and union-management relations.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following four courses)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations.......................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment................... 3
PFIR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal
and Social Issues............................................ 3
PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning,
Development and Compensation................................. 3
Recommended Electives
Or.Mg. 335- Managing Individuals and Work Groups................ 3
Or. Mg .437. Managing Complex Organizations..................... 3
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and
Productivity Mgt............................................. 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting....................................... 3
I.S. 350. Database and Information Systems....................... 3
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics................................ 3
Soc. 305. Sociology of Work...................................... 3
Econ .461. Labor Economics....................................... 3
Psy. 485. Principles of Psychological Testing................... 3
Psy. 487. Personality Assessment................................. 3
PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT
Production and operations management studies are designed to prepare students for careers as production manager, operations manager, management analyst, or systems analyst in such private sector organizations as manufacturing, banking, insurance, hospitals, and construction, as well as in a variety of municipal, state, and federal organizations.
Production or operations managers may be charged with the design, implementation, operation, and maintenance of the production systems. Managerial activities could include forecasting demand, production planning and inventory control, scheduling labor and equipment, job design and labor standards, quality control, purchasing, and facilities location and layout.
The outlook for jobs in this area continues to be strong in the 1980s. This placement is aided by the student chapter of the American Production and Inventory Control Society and work intern programs provided to qualified students. Participation in live case research and consulting projects with local organizations is usually an integral part of this course of study.
Students whose major areas of emphasis are information systems, transportation management, or engineering will find the production management 400-level courses to be particularly well related to their courses of study.
‘Geol. 201 may be substituted for Geol. 207.
2 A minimum of 7 hours of the following geology or geography courses (3 hours of geology must be included in the 7 hours; these may not be taken pass/fail): Geological Development of Colorado and the West (Geol. 153); Structural Geology (Geol. 312); Sedimentation and Stratigraphy (Geol. 342); Environmental Geology (Geol. 370); Geohydrology (Geol. 404); Principles of Geomorphology (Geol. 463); Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting (Geol. 493); Mineral Resources and World Affairs (Geol. 494); Map Interpretation (Geog. 306); Geographic Interpretation of Aerial Photos (Geog. 406).
3Apply as business electives.


College of Business and Administration / 29
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following three courses)
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning
and Control.................................................. 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis and Production and
Operations Management........................................ 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management.................. 3
(One of the following courses)
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement, and
Productivity Management...................................... 3
Q.M. 330. Operations Research.................................... 3
1.5. 215. Information Systems................................... 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management....................... 3
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management............. 3
Recommended Electives
1.5. 350. Database Information Systems.......................... 3
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups................ 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations....................... 3
PHR 434. Labor and Employee Relations ........................... 3
PHR 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.................... 3
PHR 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development,
and Compensation............................................. 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting....................................... 3
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics................................ 3
Students planning to take the APICS (American Production and Inventory Control Society) or NAPM (National Association for Purchasing Management) certification examinations should consult with an adviser to determine which elective courses should be taken.
PUBLIC AGENCY ADMINISTRATION
Public agency administration is designed to prepare students for careers in management of governmental or other nonprofit service organizations. The curriculum in public agency administration provides the student with a foundation of core courses upon which to construct an area of emphasis which will focus on the type of service organization the student desires to enter upon graduation.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Acct. 480. Business and Governmental Budgeting
and Control.................................................. 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment................... 3
O. Ad. 440. Principles of Office Management................... 3
Q.M. 330. Operations Research.................................... 3
REAL ESTATE
Real estate careers require knowledge of real estate investment, urban land economics, real estate law, appraising, finance, taxes, management, sales, and accounting.
Real estate is one segment of the economy in which it is still possible for a person to be his/her own boss whether as a broker, appraiser, developer, syndicator or property manager.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(After completion of R.Es. 300)
R.Es. 430. Real Estate Appraising............................. 3
R.Es. 454. Real Estate Financing.............................. 3
R.Es. 401. Property Development or
R.Es. 433. Real Estate Investments ....................... 3
R.Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate....................... 3
It is strongly recommended that any student planning to sit for the Colorado broker’s examination take all six of the real estate courses. Additional preparatory courses for a real estate career are:
Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting............................. 3
Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance ........................... 3
Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy......................... 3
Fin 433. Investment and Portfolio Management................. 3
Mk. 310. Salesmanship........................................ 3
Mk. 320. Consumer Behavior................................... 3
Mk. 470. Sales Management ................................... 3
SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Small business management studies provide understanding, knowledge, and skills in organizing and managing a small business. The emphasis is on the managerial aspects of the wide range of activities required of the entrepreneur.
A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements of the second area can be included as part of business or free electives. Additional courses in management, finance, accounting, and marketing should be planned in consultation with the adviser to serve individual career needs. B.Ad. 452 (Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship) is recommended to satisfy the business policy requirement.
Required Courses Semester Hours
B.Ad. 470. Small Business — Management and Operation............ 3
(Two or three of the following four courses)
Fin. 401. Business Finance I.................................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting...................................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.................. 3
Mk. 480. Marketing Policies and Suategies....................... 3
Recommended Electives
(The fourth course may be selected from the following)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations.......................... 3
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory
Planning and Control........................................ 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and
Operations Management....................................... 3
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management............. 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management................. 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management....................... 3
O. Ad. 440. Principles of Office Management.................... 3
Fin. 402. Business Finance II................................... 3
TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
The curriculum in transportation management includes the role of transportation in society and the problems of traffic management within specific industries as well as the management of firms in the transportation industry, such as airlines, trueking firms, railroads, and urban transit firms. International transportation management problems and policies are analyzed.
One of the recommended elective courses may be substituted with consent of the adviser for one of the required courses if there is a schedule conflict, if the course is not available, or if a student demonstrates a career need for such a course.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(Any four of the following six courses)
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management.............. 3
Tr.Mg. 452. Problems in Traffic Management....................... 3
Tr.Mg. 456. Air Transportation................................... 3
Tr.Mg. 457. Urban Transportation................................. 3
Tr.Mg. 458. International Transportation......................... 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management....................... 3


30 / University of Colorado at Denver
Recommended Electives
PHR. 4 J4. Labor and Employee Relations....................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment................ 3
Tr.Mg. 451. Survey of Transportation: Law
and Freight Claims........................................ 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management............... 3
B.Ad. 470. Small Business—Management and Operation............ 3
COMBINED PROGRAMS
Numerous career opportunities exist for persons trained in both a specialized field and management. For this reason, students may be interested in combined programs of study leading to completion of degree requirements concurrently in two fields. Such combined programs have been arranged for engineering and business, pharmacy and business, and environmental design and business and may be arranged for other professional combinations as well.
The two programs of study proceed concurrently, terminating together with the awarding of two degrees. Generally, at least five years will be needed for such combined programs. No substitutions are allowed in this program. Students desiring to transfer from combined programs to the College of Business must apply and will be considered as intrauniversity transfers.
For students in combined programs, the requirements for the degree in business are as follows:
1. An application for admission to the combined program must be filed with the College of Business and approved by the deans of both colleges.
2. Completion of at least 48 semester hours in business and economics, to include Econ. 201 and 202 (6 semester hours), required courses in business (30 semester hours), and a business area of emphasis (12 semester hours).
3. Completion of at least 30 of these semester hours at the University of Colorado while enrolled in the College of Business.
4. Completion of nonbusiness requirements in mathematics, communications, and the social and behavioral sciences in a degree program approved in advance by the College of Business. In addition, for some courses and areas of emphasis, there are prerequisite requirements which must be met.
3. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Students in a combined degree program are subject to all policies of the College of Business.
6. Any combined degree student who does not make reasonable progress toward the completion of the business degree requirements, as determined by the College of Business, may be dropped from the program.
7. The number of students accepted in any combined program may be numerically limited and is dependent upon existing demand each semester.
Shown below is the combined engineering-business program. For other combinations, "students should consult with an academic adviser in the College of Business.
The requirements for all combined business and engineering programs are as follows:
Required Nonbusiness Semester Hours
Phys. 2 31. General Physics I...................................... 4
Math. 140-241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus ..................... 8
Econ. 201-202. Principles of Economics............................. 8
Engl. 120/130. Introduction to Fiction/Drama
and Poetry..................................................... 3
P. Sc. 110. American Political System ............................ 3
Political Science elective selected from
Business list................................................... 3
Psy. 203. General Psychology........................................ 3
Socio-humanistic elective selected from
Business list................................................... 3
Required Business
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting..................... 3
B.Ad. 200. Business Information and the Computer.................... 3
Q. M. 201. Business Statistics.................................... 3
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing.................................... 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance............................................. 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management.................... 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and
Organization.................................................... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law............................................. 3
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B.Ad. 411.
Business and Society............................................ 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or
B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy and
Entrepreneurship................................................ 3
Specified courses in area of emphasis in one of the following fields: accounting, information science, finance, international business, marketing, minerals land management, production and operations management, organization management, personnel—human resources, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and traffic management. All work in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado, College of Business.
GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS
Requirements for Admission—
Master's Programs
Admission to the master’s programs will be determined by the following criteria:
1. Applicant’s academic record.
2. The applicant’s scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). (This test is given four times each year at numerous centers throughout the world. For information and to make application for the test, write to the Educational Testing Service, P.O. Box 966, Princeton, New Jersey 08541.)
In general, students failing to meet minimum standards are not admitted on a provisional status. Seniors in this University who have satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who need not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet requirements for bachelor’s degrees may be admitted to the Graduate School of Business Administration by special permission of the director of graduate studies.
Completed applications, including GMAT scores, two official transcripts from each college attended, and a $20 nonrefundable application fee should be in the Office of Graduate Studies, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, by March 1 for summer admission, by April 1


College of Business and Administration / 31
for fall admission, and by October 1 for spring admission or until the quota is filled. Applications received after these dates will receive lower priority.
BACKGROUND REQUIREMENTS
Students applying for graduate programs in business do not need to have taken their undergraduate degree in business. For those students the M.B.A. or M.S. degree programs provide a series of 3-semester-hour fundamental background courses. These include B.Ad. 501 (Accounting), B.Ad. 502 (Statistics), B.Ad. 503 (Marketing), B.Ad. 504 (Management and Organization), B.Ad. 505 (Finance), B.Ad. 506 (Business Law), B.Ad. 507 (Management Science), and Econ. 201 and 202 (Macro and Micro Economic^ or Econ. 300 (Accelerated Principles of Economics). In addition, all graduate students are required to take either B.Ad. 500 (Sources of Information and Research Methods—1 semester hour) or pass a qualifying examination. Graduate-level business courses are open only to admitted graduate degree students.
Graduate students possessing an undergraduate degree in business must be prepared to present the following acceptable course work in order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental course:
Introduction to Accounting Statistics
Principles of Marketing Introduction to Management and Organization Finance Business Law Operations Research Principles of Economics
Semester Hours 6 (Financial/ Managerial)
By qualifying exam only 3
3
3
3
3
6 (Macro/Micro) or 3 (accelerated economics; must include Macro/Micro)
Remedial work is required of all applicants acceptedfor the M.B.A. andM.S. programs who do not have the mathematical andprogramming skills. Students entering any of the graduate programs are required to take either B.Ad. 502 (Fundamentals of Business Statistics) or to pass satisfactorily a qualifying examination covering this subject matter.
General Information—Master's Programs
The M.B.A. program is a two-year curriculum with the possibility of waiver, for properly prepared students, of all or part of the first year. The student must request course exemption and should be prepared to support the request for waiver. Up to 25 credit hours (First-Year Program) of course work may be waived.
Advising. All graduate students should report first to the student adviser in the Graduate School of Business Administration office for the purpose of ascertaining deficiencies and principal field of interest. The division heads of each area serve as faculty advisers.
During the first term of residence, each student should
prepare a degree plan. This plan, with appropriate signatures, should be filed in the Graduate School of Business Administration. Prospective students are encouraged to attend weekly small group advising sessions designed to provide information on the M.B.A./M.S. programs. Contact the Graduate School of Business Administration for day, time, and room.
Course Load. The normal course load for full-time graduate students is 12-15 semester hours.
Minimum Hours Required. A candidate for a master’s degree in business must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate work plus any deficiencies. A maximum of 6 semester hours of graduate work can be transferred from another AACSB-accredited master’s program.
Comprehensive Examination. A comprehensive examination is not required for students pursuing the Master of Business Administration degree program. Each candidate for a Master of Science degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been met. This examination is given near the end of the candidate’s last semester of residence. Students must be registered when they take this examination. Comprehensive examinations are given in November, April, and July.
Students must file an Application for Admission to Candidacy and Diploma Card with the Graduate School of Business Administration during the first month of the final term of their residency.
Minimum Grade-Point Average. A minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 must be achieved in courses taken after the student’s admission to the graduate program. If the student’s cumulative grade-point average falls below 3.0, he or she will be placed on academic probation and given one regular semester (summer terms excluded) in which to achieve the required 3.0 cumulative average. Failure to achieve the required average within the allotted time period will result in dismissal.
Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she has received a grade of D or F. Both the original grade and the grade for the repeated course count in the computation of the grade-point average.
To earn a grade of W (withdrawal) in a course, a graduate student must be earning a grade of C or better in that course. Students will not be permitted to withdraw from courses after the tenth week of the semester.
An IF grade shall be a valid grade only until the middle of the second semester (summer terms excluded) following that in which the grade of IF is given. By the end of that interval, the instructor concerned shall have turned in a final grade of A, B, C, D, or F. If no reports are received from the instructor within the allotted time, the IF shall be converted to F.
Time Limit. All 30 semester hours of graduate work, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years. Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Candidates for the master’s degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity.


32 / University of Colorado at Denver
Master of Business Administration
The Master of Business Administration program is devoted to the concepts, analytical tools, and communication skills required for competent and responsible administration. The administration of an enterprise is viewed in its entirety and within its social, political, and economic environment.
In addition to the background requirements for a master’s degree listed above, the candidate for the M.B.A. degree must complete the specific requirements of the M.B.A. curriculum (30 semester hours) as follows:
Core Requirements Semester Hours
a. Functional Courses
Two of the following four functional courses are required:
Fin. 601, Mk. 600, Pr.Mg. 640 (Logistics), and I.S. 645.
At least one of these shall be either Fin. 601 or Mk. 600.
Candidates with either marketing or finance undergraduate or graduate majors shall not take the corresponding
functional course to fulfill this requirement................ 6
b. Business and Its Environment
Business, Government, and Society (B.Ad. 610)................ 3
c. Analysis and Control
Business and Economic Analysis (B.Ad. 615)................... 3
Administrative Controls (B.Ad. 620).......................... 3
(Accounting students should substitute Acct. 533.)
d. Human Factors
Organizational Behavior (B.Ad. 640).......................... 3
e. Planning and Policy
Administrative Policy (B.Ad. 650)............................ 3
Area of Emphasis................................................ 9
Total 30
Areas of emphasis include accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, and transportation and traffic management.
For students taking an area of emphasis in accounting, Acct. 322, 323, and 332 or their equivalents are prerequisites for all graduate level accounting courses. Acct. 533 is substituted for B.Ad. 620. Acct. 628 and two other graduate-level accounting courses are required in the area of emphasis. It is strongly recommended that accounting students take Fin. 601 as one of their functional courses.
Requirements for an area of emphasis in finance are Fin. 601, 602 and either Fin. 633 or 655-
Requirements for an area of emphasis in marketing are Mk. 600, 605 and one additional graduate marketing course.
Candidates pursuing the area of emphasis in management science normally elect either a decision science option or an information science option. Those electing the decision science option should consult with the division chairman concerning required courses. Those electing the information science option will normally be required to take I.S. 645, 650 and either I.S. 565 or I.S. 570.
Students taking other areas of emphasis should consult the head of the division concerning the requirements.
No thesis is required in the M.B.A. program. In the total program there must be a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate course work and a minimum of 24 semester hours of course work at the 600 level. Independent study is normally not acceptable for credit in the final 30 semester hours of the M.B.A. program.
Master of Business Administration Executive Program
The M.B.A. Executive Program provides participants with a broad, rigorous two-year academic experience comparable to the regular M.B.A. degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration. The program is designed for persons who already hold managerial positions in business or other complex organizations. It builds upon the experience of these executive students with a challenging academic curriculum which can be pursued simultaneously with a management career.
The M.B.A. Executive Program emphasizes corporate planning, the business/government interface, and the applied tools of management. Courses are taught through a variety of methods. Case studies, lectures, and computer simulation are combined with research projects and other teaching methods to provide students with tools useful in their present positions and applicable to more advanced responsibilities as they progress in their management careers. The degree awarded is the Master of Business Administration.
The program covers a two-year period scheduled in eight terms of 12 weeks each, with a summer break. Classes alternate each week between Fridays and Saturdays, with some evening group discussions and special speaker programs.
FACULTY AND RESOURCES
The faculty for the program are members of the regular faculty of the Graduate School of Business Administration from all three of the University’s campuses —Boulder, Colorado Springs, and Denver. They are selected to conduct these courses because their backgrounds enable them to make the strongest contribution to the program. Many of these faculty members are nationally recognized and possess both practical managerial experience and a demonstrated ability to work effectively with executive level students.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
The M.B.A. Executive Program is designed for men and women who have a minimum of five years of business or administrative experience, including at least three years in a managerial position. They should presently be part of senior management in a small organization or senior or middle management in a larger one, hold at least a bachelor’s degree, and have the ability to do graduate work.
In the selection process, significant attention will be given to the depth and breadth of the candidate’s managerial experience, progression in job responsibility, total work experience, and ability to benefit from this integrative classroom/work environment. The Admissions Committee will base its decisions on the application, former academic record, the employer’s nominating letter, other letters of recommendation, and if deemed desirable, personal interviews with the committee.
To obtain further information contact the Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202, telephone 629-2605.


College of Business and Administration / 33
Master of Science
The Master of Science degree affords opportunity for specialization and depth of training within a particular major field and a related minor field.
MAJOR FIELDS
For detailed information concerning requirements and recommended programs for each of the major fields, students should consult the division heads of the following areas: Accounting, Finance, Management Science, Marketing, and Management and Organization. Call 629-2605 for division head’s name and telephone number.
With the approval of the student’s adviser and the director of graduate studies, minor fields may be chosen from business subjects or from other graduate departments.
Fields available in the College of Business for selection as a minor are:
Accounting Finance
Health administration Management science and
information systems Marketing
Organization management
The minimum requirements for the M.S. degree, after all undergraduate background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan II. The student’s degree program should be approved in advance by the advisory committee and the director of graduate studies.
Plan I. The requirement is 30 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. A minimum of 21 semester hours of credit is required of all candidates and, including the thesis, must be earned in a major field. A minimum of three courses, normally 9 semester hours but not fewer than 6, must be completed in a minor field. A minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level.
Plan II. A minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work must be met in both a major and a minor field. No thesis is required. Of the 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work, a minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level.
All M.S. students must pass written comprehensive examinations covering major and minor fields during the
last semester enrolled. The candidate’s committee may require an oral final comprehensive examination subsequent to the written examination.
Graduate Program in Health Administration
There is a growing need for health administrators who are capable not only of effectively managing and directing health care institutions, but of recognizing the implications of their decisions for the broader system of delivery and the community as a whole. This means that future health administrators must be provided with the primary tools of effective management, as well as those attitudes, knowledge areas, and skills that will enable them also to direct their institutions in the public interest.
It is the philosophy of this program that the public interest is best served if:
1. Health care is provided in the most cost-effective manner within the context of existing values, resources, and technology.
2. Health administrators are able to recognize the need for and bring about change in the health care delivery system.
3. Strategic decisions of health care institutions are guided by a balanced set of criteria representing organizational objectives and system needs.
In considering applicants for admission to the Graduate Program in Health Administration, students are selected on a competitive basis according to the following criteria:
1. Previous health experience.
2. A well-formulated career plan.
3. Academic standing (B average or better).
4. Graduate Management Admission Test scores.
5. Subjective impressions received through the applicant’s written statement, letters of recommendation, and personal interview. Not all applicants who are accepted into the program are required to appear for a personal interview.
For additional information concerning the Graduate Program in Health Administration and a list of required and elective courses, contact the Graduate School of Business Administration, UCD.
Doctor of Business Administration
Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for information regarding the Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) program.
Personnel-human
resource management Production and operations management
Transportation and traffic management


College of Design and Planning
John M. Prosser, Acting Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
The College of Design and Planning (formerly College of Environmental Design) at UCD offers five graduate programs: the Master of Architecture, Master of Architecture in Urban Design, Master of Interior Design, Master of Landscape Architecture, and Master in Planning and Community Development; and one service program, the Center for Community Development and Design. Undergraduate programs in the College are available only through the University of Colorado at Boulder, and students interested in the Bachelor of Environmental Design degree should see the catalog for that campus.
The College offers programs designed both to train men and women who can meet the complex and demanding challenge of developing and shaping the environment and to provide the practicing professional a means of keeping abreast of cultural and technological changes.
In recent years, the roles and responsibilities of the environmental design professions have broadened. The social and physical problems encountered by the architect, urban designer, the landscape architect, the planner, the technologist in environmental systems, and the interior designer have minimized the lines of demarcation among these professions and interdependence among them has increased.
The College maintains traditional and essential ties with the professions and practitioners in the community and through the Division of Continuing Education offers workshops for architects in solar architecture, seismic design, and business development and law. The College participates in faculty interchanges with the Boulder campus, participates in the architectural engineering program of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, and relies on local professionals to reinforce its teaching program.
The College of Design and Planning is a member of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning and is represented by its students, faculty, and alumni on various professional boards, committees, and societies. In 1979, the National Architectural Accrediting Board renewed the College’s accreditation for a three-year period. Its program in planning was granted renewed recognition by the American Planning Association in 1980 for a five-year period. In 1981, the landscape program received its initial two-year accreditation from the American Society of Landscape Architects.
Full professional status in most environmental design fields generally requires a minimum of five or six years of academic experience and two or three years of practical experience followed by state registration or licensing through a professional examination.
Qualifications for success in these careers are not easily measured. Candidates for this profession must have the ability to complete successfully an academic program ranging from fundamental humanistic and scientific courses through applied technical activity to full creative development. They should have a background of secondary education that includes courses in mathematics and physics. Some experience in creative activity may aid them in predetermining their personal satisfaction from the creative process.
Design and Planning Library
The Design and Planning Library, a branch of the Auraria Library and Media Center, serves as a learning resource center for the design fields. It contains the following collections provided to support the curricula of the College:
1. Professional reference collection containing technical materials selected to support design and planning studio projects.
2. Core collection of circulating materials comprised of standard works in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, interior design, and urban design.
3. Collection of planning documents issued by local, regional, state, and federal agencies with an emphasis on materials pertaining to Colorado communities and concerns.
4. Collection of periodicals relating to the design fields.
5. Reserve collection providing resource materials for required and supplemental class reading.
6. Small, but growing, nonprint media collection which includes architectural slides, multi-media kits, microcomputer software, and microforms.
In addition, the main Auraria Library houses background and research materials of interest to environmental design students and faculty, including materials in the arts, humanities, social sciences, and engineering.
The library is open 60 hours per week, including some evening and weekend hours. The staff includes a librarian, two library assistants, and several student assistants. The branch library provides a number of services including reference and research assistance, library use instruction, and circulation of materials. Additional services, such as


College of Design and Planning / 35
interlibrary loans and computer assisted research, are provided through the main Auraria Library.
Computer-Aided Instruction
The College established a computer-aided instruction laboratory in the fall of 1981. The laboratory has micro and mini-computers with access to computers on other campuses. The computers are being used in the areas of computer-aided design, solar architecture, space planning, computer graphics, site engineering, and planning.
Model Shop and Photo Laboratory
The College maintains a darkroom for student use as well as a variety of camera and audiovisual equipment. These facilities are valuable aides in preparing class presentations, design projects, portfolios, and in learning multi-media techniques for presentations. The model shop is available for use in fabricating architectural models and in furniture design projects. A staff technician is on duty to assist students in the use of these facilities.
Financial Aid
Graduate scholarships and fellowships are available to continuing students only, with the exception of Colorado Grants. A limited number of Colorado Grants are available to new students who are residents of the state of Colorado and who fulfill the University’s criteria for financial need. Forms to apply for State of Colorado Graduate Grants, Federal Work-Study Assistance, and Federal National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) are available through the Office of Financial Aid, UCD, 1100 14th Street, Denver 80202.
Grade-Point Average Requirement and Scholastic Suspension
Students must maintain a 3.0 average for a degree. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirements during any semester will be permitted to continue their studies during the second semester, but will be placed on probation. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirement after two semesters will be suspended. After a period of one year, appeal for readmission may be made by petitioning the Scholastic Deficiency Committee of the College or the director.
Special Students
Beginning with fall 1981, the College of Design and Planning accepts only up to 16 credit hours of courses taken as a graduate special student for application toward degree credit.
Foreign Students
To serve foreign students who are considering a second professional degree better, the College has begun a policy of admitting students coming directly from overseas into the spring semester only. Applicants for all programs must be received by March 15 of the preceding year. All other application requirements must be met.
Residence Requirement
A student must be in residence for at least one full aca-
demic year’s work, which is normally 30 semester hours. Time Limit
Beginning with fall 1981, students in two-year programs must complete all work required for a graduate degree within a five-year period from the time of first enrolling for classes as a degree candidate. Students in three-year programs must complete all work within a six-year period.
Elective Courses
Elective courses must be at the 300 level or above. Students should check with their respective director regarding subject choices.
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE
The Division of Architecture offers three degree programs, all of which lead to the Master of Architecture. The three programs are named by typical time-in-residence: three-year, two-year, and one-year programs. The three-and two-year programs lead to the first professional degree for architectural practice; the one-year program leads to a second professional degree.
The one-year program is open only to applicants already holding the first professional degree in architecture (generally the bachelor’s, occasionally the master’s). Individually organized studies are focused on the student’s interests in architecture or in architecture with an energy specialization.
The two-year program is open to holders of the Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree and is arranged to receive graduates of the Division of Environmental Design at Boulder or similar undergraduate studies at other schools.
The three-year program is open to holders of the bachelor’s degree in all other fields.
Curriculum
The Division of Architecture is a professional school; its role and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in architectural design, graphic communications, history and theory, technology, and professional practice.
Architectural design is the central activity of the several programs and the design studio serves to integrate architectural learning from all course work in the supportive arts and sciences. Most studios are conducted on the case study method; skill in the definition and the solution of design problems is acquired through the analysis and the working of exercises which simulate actual building problems. Advanced studio options are available with projects in the Center for Community Development and Design. The design thesis is the culmination of architectural studies.
Communications courses provide the graphic skills necessary to present design ideas. History and theory courses anchor the student’s work in social responsibility, and in an understanding of the forces that give shape to buildings and cities. Technology courses give basics in structures, and in the environmental concerns of utilities, heating, lighting, and acoustics. Professional courses provide exposure to the workings of contemporary practice, and an


36 / University of Colorado at Denver
internship in a practicing professional’s office is a course option in the final year.
The goal of all of these studies is competency for the graduates of the division as intelligent, knowledgeable, and creative designers, each at the threshold of entry to architectural careers in private practice, government, or industry.
Admission Requirements
APPLICATION
The complete set of materials for application for the Master of Architecture programs include the application form, college transcripts, three recommendations, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work. To be considered for admission, the complete set of application materials must be received by March 15 preceding the fall semester of entry. The portfolio must be no larger than 14 inches by 17 inches. The application form and additional information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Architecture, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Applicants must hold a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts, or Bachelor of Science degree from an accredited four-year college or university to be accepted into the three-year Master of Architecture program. A four-year degree in architecture or environmental design from an accredited college or university is required for acceptance into the two-year program. A Bachelor or Master of Architecture degree from an accredited architecture program is required for acceptance into the one-year master's program.
ADMISSION
An Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select students to be admitted to programs. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1.
The recommended minimum grade-point average is 2.75 on a 4-point scale. If the student’s grade-point average is below 2.75, the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone.
One-Year Program
The one-year program is available only to students already holding the first professional degree, the Bachelor or Master of Architecture. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 32 semester hours of studio course work and thesis. Two study programs are offered, Urban Design (see the Division of Urban Design) and Energy.
The Energy curriculum was inaugurated in the fall of 1981 and brings together outstanding faculty from the profession and research. The program provides studio opportunities exploring energy as the basis for a new design paradigm, and provides studies in building energy performance quantification. These studies in energy
design and analysis are supported by the computer laboratory within the College.
Two-Year Program
The two-year program is open to the student with a four-year Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree who seeks the first professional degree in architecture. The program is a two-year, 64-semester-hour series of studies leading to the Master of Architecture degree.
Students in the third or fourth year of the University of Colorado at Boulder Environmental Design degree program who intend to pursue the Master of Architecture should take Structures (ENVD 452 and 453); Environmental Systems (ENVD 450); Materials and Methods of Construction (ENVD 451); Architectural History (ENVD 470 and 471); and Architectural Graphics (ENVD 420 and 421); and a minimum of six semesters of design (including ENVD 400 and 401). Students from other four-year design programs must have taken two semesters of architectural history, two semesters of basic structures (statics, strength of materials) and must show, with the portfolio, a graphics ability equivalent to the two-semester course in architectural graphics. Required courses in the two-year program that have been taken by the student in prior studies may be waived if the grade received is B or above. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 64 semester hours and all required courses.
Two-Year Program Course Requirements Semester Hours
Architectural design.............................................. 24
Technologies...................................................... 15
Theory............................................................. 3
Professional practice and construction documents .................. 4
Landscape architecture............................................. 3
Planning........................................................... 3
Electives........................................................ 12
Total 64
Three-Year Program
The three-year program is open to students with a bachelor’s degree, with a particular program prerequisite of one year of high school or college basic physics and college mathematics through calculus. The mathematics and physics requirement must be completed before entering the program. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 96 semester hours and all required courses.
Three-Year Course Requirements Semester Hours
Architectural design............................................. 34
Technologies..................................................... 27
Theory............................................................ 9
Graphic communications............................................ 6
Professional practice and construction documents ................. 4
Landscape architecture............................................ 3
Planning.......................................................... 3
Electives....................................................... 10
Total 96
Recommended Order of Studies
Two-Year Program: 600 and 700 levels Three-Year Program: 500, 600, and 700 levels


College of Design and Planning / 37
Fall Semester: 5 00 level Semester Hours
Arch. 500. Design.................................................. 5
Arch. 510. Graphics I.............................................. 3
Arch. 551. Materials and Construction.............................. 3
Arch. 552. Structures I............................................ 3
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form...................... 3
Spring Semester: )00 level
Arch. 501. Design.................................................. 5
Arch. 511. Graphics II............................................. 3
Arch. 550. Environmental Systems................................... 3
Arch. 553. Structures II........................................... 3
Arch. 571. Architecture of the 20th Century........................ 3
Fall Semester: 600 level
Arch. 600. Design.................................................. 5
Arch. 650. Energy and Utilities.................................... 3
Arch. 660. Structures III.......................................... 3
L.A. 630. Survey of Landscape Architecture......................... 3
P.C.D. 500. Fundamentals of Planning .............................. 3
Spring Semester: 600 level
Arch. 601. Design.................................................. 5
Arch. 651. Lighting and Acoustics.................................. 3
Arch. 666. Structures IV........................................... 3
Arch. 660. Professional Practice and Construction
Documents...................................................... 4
Arch. 670. American Architectural History or
U.D. 682. Architectural and Urban Design Theory.................... 3
Fall Semester: 700 level
Arch. 700. Design.................................................. 5
Arch. 712. Thesis Preparation...................................... 2
Arch. 760. Internship (Optional)................................... 3
Elective
Spring Semester: 700 level
Arch. 701. Design Thesis........................................... 7
Arch. 750. Systems Synthesis....................................... 3
Arch. 761. Internship (Optional)................................... 3
Elective
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN DESIGN
Program Options and Descriptions
Urban design is one of the graduate environmental design programs taught at facilities which are located in the core of the metropolitan Denver area. The curriculum focuses on the complex problems that are generated by change and growth in a vigorous urban and regional laboratory. Emphasis is given to participatory community and publicly funded design, research, and technology. Special efforts are made to utilize the vast resources of information available from federal, state, and local agencies and institutions which are concentrated in the immediate community. Specific courses and projects are arranged to incorporate these allied academic, civic, and citizen inputs into the design processes.
The sequential format, content, and progression of the Architecture in Urban Design program has been developed to provide a broad range of balance study which combines architecture, landscape, planning, and urban design methodologies. Direct contact and coordination with the activities of the students and faculty in these disciplines is an essential part of the curriculum. Importance is given to the problem-solving processes associated with mixed use complexes, neighborhood, activity center, village, town, and cityscape projects.
Specific courses in urban technologies, urban theories, environmental impact analysis, including social and economic planning factors are available. During the final semester students have a wide choice of professional electives which can be closely related to their thesis problem selection.
Two sequences are available in the program. One is a non-prelicensing two-year graduate degree for students who have received a bachelor’s degree in environmental design, landscape, architectural studies, planning, or urban studies. The one-year program is for students who have obtained a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree.
In both sequences the final master’s year is a synthesis of the special factors influencing urban design in one of five options: recreational facilities, community development, rehabilitation or renewal, transportation, and health care. In this phase the student is carefully advised throughout the period of his/her independent research and design studies. Opportunities to do state and city outreach work in association with the Center for Community Development and Design (the College state-wide design aid field program for ethnic and economic minorities) are available. Many other real problems and/or case studies from the community, which require anticipatory and feasibility design and development, also are considered. Whenever possible, individual or team projects in cooperation with allied disciplines and institutions are encouraged.
An urban design specialization option in Main Streets conservation is being developed to begin in the 1982-83 academic year.
Admission Requirements
In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program, they must submit application forms, college transcripts, three letters of recommendation, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter. All portfolio materials submitted with the application must be in 8 Vi” by 14” format or smaller. If slides are included, they must be in a loose-leaf slide holder. It is recommended that students indicate the type and length of all work experience they have had since receiving a degree. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Master of Architecture in Urban Design, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Curriculum Outline
In both sequences the studio is the focal point for the specialization selected by the student. The projects chosen are developed on an independent study basis with meetings, seminars, and evaluations scheduled between the student and the faculty advisers. Cognate courses are selected with the guidance of the faculty advisers from related subjects offered by the College or other units of the University.
One-Year Program
A one-year program leading to the Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is available to students hold-


38 / University of Colorado at Denver
ing a first professional degree in architecture. The degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 30 semester credit hours minimum. The program is for students who wish to pursue advanced studies in compound, complex community architecture and urban design problems.
One-Year Sequence
Course Requirements Semester Hours
Urban Design Studio.............................................. 5
Thesis Preparation .............................................. 1
Environmental Analysis.......................................... 3
Planning, Landscape Electives...................................... 6
15
Thesis Studio.................................................... 6
Urban Design Seminar............................................. 3
Professional Electives........................................... . 6
15
30
Two-Year Sequence
A two-year non-prelicensing program leading to a Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is available to students holding a first degree in architectural studies, environmental design, landscape architecture, urban studies, and planning. The degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 60 semester credit hours minimum. The program is for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in multidisciplinary design problems and processes which are evolving throughout the urban environment.
First Year Semester Hours
Urban Design and Graphics Workshop.............................. 3
Design History Philosophy....................................... 3
Urban Design Systems and Management ............................ 3
Professional Electives........................................ 6
15
Urban Design Studio............................................. 5
Design History Philosophy....................................... 3
Environmental Systems .......................................... 3
Transportation Systems ....................................... 4
15
30
Second Year
See One-Year Sequence..................................... 30
60
MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGN
Interior Architecture and Space Planning Transportation Design
The master’s degree program in Interior Design is structured to educate designers who will be qualified to assume responsible leadership roles in the continuing growth of the profession and in the improvement of the quality of man’s near environment by constructively relating the design process to man’s life processes.
There are two programs leading to the Master of Interior Design degree. The two-year program is open to applicants holding Bachelor of Interior Design, Bachelor of Environmental Design, or Bachelor of Architecture degrees. The three-year program is designed for applicants holding bachelor’s degrees in other fields from accredited four-year colleges or universities.
The program is characteristically unique in the following ways:
Multidisciplinary Approach. Individualized instruction and guidance are provided in skills and knowledge that are integrated from related disciplines. Accordingly, the student develops personal models and methodologies within a multidisciplinary conceptual framework for the analysis, design, and evaluation of appropriate interior environments.
Interior Architecture and Space Planning Orientation. The program relies heavily upon the conviction that the design of an interior space and the building form containing it are inextricably related. The former inwardly responding to the human environment, the latter outwardly responding to the natural environment; both design activities require high degrees of interdependent specializations in generating an adequate integrative environmental form.
Social and Behavioral Base. Understanding the social, behavioral, and biological implications of man-environment interactions is emphasized as an integral part of design research/problem-solving methods in all design studio work.
Coordinated University-Professional Community Learning Experiences. The program is a direct response to the Rocky Mountain region’s general recognition of a need for designers whose professional training is relevant to regional interests. In turn, the professional community serves as an auxiliary source of educational enrichment by providing students with opportunities to combine theoretical and applied learning.
Admission Requirements
APPLICATION
In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program, they must submit application forms, two original transcripts, three recommendations, and a statement of purpose. A portfolio of academic and professional work is required when applying into the two-year program. Application deadline is March 15. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Interior Design, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
ADMISSION
A Faculty Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select the students to be admitted to the program. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, are on a waiting list, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1.
The recommended minimum grade-point average is 3.0 on a 4-point scale. If the student’s grade-point average is below 3.0, the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone.


College of Design and Planning / 39
Interior Architecture and Space Planning
ORDER OF STUDIES
(Two and Three-Year Programs)
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours
Int.D. 500. Design Research/Problem-Solving Methods............ 5
L.A. 510. Graphic Communications I............................. 3
Int.D. 530. Theories and Methods of Programming................ 2
Arch. 5 51. Materials and Methods of Construction.............. 3
Int.D. 552. Materials and Processes of Manufacturing........... 1
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form.................... . 3
17
Spring Semester, First Year
Int.D. 501. Residential Design................................. 5
L.A. 511. Graphic Communications II............................ 3
Int. D. 5 5 7. Elements of Structure........................... 3
Arch. 571. Development of Architectural Form................... 3
Approved Psychology Elective..................................... â–  3
17
Fall Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 600. Commercial Design ................................. 5
Int.D. 660. Furniture Design................................... 3
Int.D. 680. Physical Environmental Factors..................... 3
Arch. 650. Environmental Control System I...................... 3
B.Ad. 504. Fundamentals of Management and Organization............ 3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 601. Transportation Design.............................. 5
Int.D. 662. Professional Practice and Management .............. 3
Int. D. 681. Human Environmental Factors....................... 3
Arch. 651. Environmental Control Systems II.................... 3
B.Ad. 506. Legal Environment of Business......................... â–  3
17
Summer Term, Second Year
Int.D. 665. Internship (optional) ............................. 6
Fall Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 700. Institutional Design.......................
Int.D. 624. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design Approved Landscape Architecture Elective...............
Spring Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 701. Thesis......................
B.Law 512. Business Law.................
B.Ad. 503. Fundamentals of Marketing (Fall or Summer Semesters) or B.Ad. 610. Business, Government, and Society
Transportation Design
7
3
_3
13
7
3
_3
13
ORDER OF STUDIES
(Two and Three-Year Programs)
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours
Int.D. 500. Design Research/Problem-Solving Methods............ 5
L.A. 510. Graphic Communications I............................. 3
Int.D. 530. Theories and Methods of Programming................ 2
Arch. 551. Materials and Methods of Construction............... 3
Int.D. 552. Materials and Processes of Manufacturing........... 1
Aes. 385. Human Factors and Physiology of Flight1................. 3
17
Spring Semester, First Year
Int.D. 502. Ground Transportation Design....................... 5
L.A. 511. Graphic Communications II............................ 3
Int.D. 557. Elements of Structures............................. 3
Econ. 527. Economics of Transportation......................... 3
Approved Elective............................................... . 3
17
Fall Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 602. Air and Aerospace Transportation Design.............. 5
Int.D. 660. Furniture Design..................................... 3
Int.D. 680. Physical Environmental Factors....................... 3
Arch. 650. Environmental Control Systems I....................... 3
B.Ad. 504. Fundamentals of Management and
Organization.................................................. â–  3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 603- Sea Transportation Design............................ 5
Int.D. 662. Professional Practice and Management................. 3
Int. D. 681. Human Environmental Factors......................... 3
Arch .651. Environmental Control Systems II...................... 3
Tr.Mg. 557. Urban Transportation................................... 3
17
Fall Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 702. Interface Facilities Design........................... 7
Int.D. 624. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design.............. 3
Ur.S. 473. Methods in Urban Perception ............................ 3
13
Spring Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 703. Thesis................................................ 7
B.Law 512. Business Law........................................... 3
B.Ad. 503. Fundamentals of Marketing............................ 3
13
MASTER OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
The academic program leading to a Master of Landscape Architecture degree at the University of Colorado at Denver responds to a perceived need to offer professional training preparing students to meet the complex and demanding challenges of designing and shaping the physical environment.
Our rapidly growing western regions, both urban and rural, require comprehensive problem-solving skills which address regional climate, geology, soils, hydrology, and vegetation. These related processes provide a regional basis for planning and designing land for public/private use, enjoyment, and preservation.
Programs
UCD offers both two- and three-year graduate-level professional programs leading to the degree Master of Landscape Architecture. The two-year second professional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 64 semester hours, is structured to provide advanced training and exposure in the theoretical, technical, and practical aspects of design for those M.L.A. candidates possessing a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture degree. The three-year first professional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 96 semester hours, is offered to students with undergraduate degrees not specifically related to landscape architecture.
These programs permit the M.L.A. candidate to pursue a wide range of career goals responding to the profession’s concerns and expertise in physical planning and design. A
'Aerospace Science course offered by Metropolitan State College.


40 / University of Colorado at Denver
major goal of the program is to develop the candidates’ knowledge and practical skills of landscape architecture in order to assume effective roles in professional practice. Emphasis is placed upon the emerging problems of the frontier areas of the Rocky Mountain region, and on applying problem-solving tools, theories, and methodologies to environmental concerns covering a broad range of scales and project types.
Curriculum
The curriculum includes those subjects considered as essential to core professional training in the field of landscape architecture, including design, natural resources, technology, history, and professional practice. Both programs and courses have a design focus upon real problemsolving situations with emphasis on design process.
Opportunities exist to develop complementary knowledge and skills related to interdisciplinary projects involving the graduate programs of architecture, urban design, planning, and public administration, within the College of Design and Planning. Additionally, through the Center for Community Development and Design (an outreach program in the College), the M.L.A. candidate is afforded opportunity for actual project experience and participation for a variety of projects within the Denver metropolitan area and the state of Colorado.
The hierarchy of courses from term to term includes sequences of design, technology, and history core courses required of all entering candidates. The final spring term is reserved for a thesis. The project is performed under the guidance of a Comprehensive Thesis Committee comprised of faculty, practicing professionals, and technical specialists in the project topic. Additionally, the M.L.A. candidate is encouraged to complete a minimum 12-week internship with a professional landscape architectural office or under the work supervision of a professionally registered landscape architect.
Admission Requirements
Applicants to the three-year program or those who do not have a first professional degree, Bachelor of Landscape Architecture, should have proficiency in college mathematics, physical science, English, environmental science, and a basic course in art or drawing.
Applicants to the two-year program, having undergraduate degrees in landscape architecture, architecture, environmental design, or other physical design degrees are considered for admission upon individual evaluation of their undergraduate curriculum, scholastic performance, and professional experience.
To be considered for admission into the graduate programs in landscape architecture, applicants must submit application forms, college transcripts, three recommendations, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter the program. The portfolio format is to be 14 inches by 17 inches or smaller.
Application forms and further information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Landscape Architecture, College of Design and Planning, University of Colo-
rado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
ORDER OF STUDIES
(Two and Three-Year Programs)
Vail Semester, First Year Semester Hours
L.A. 500. Landscape Architecture Design I........................ 5
L.A. 510. Graphic Communication 1................................ 3
L.A. 550. Landscape Architecture Engineering I-
Environmental Systems ....................................... 3
L.A. 561. Synthecology Field Research (Retreat I) ............... 1
L.A. 580. Rocky Mountain Plant Materials............................ 3
15
Spring Semester, First Year
L.A. 501. Landscape Architecture Design II....................... 5
L.A. 511. Graphic Communication II............................... 3
L.A. 560. L.A. Construction I-Materials and Methods.............. 3
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form.................... 3
L.A. 581. Rocky Mountain Plant Design............................... 3
17
Fall Semester, Second Year
L.A. 600. Landscape Architecture Design III ..................... 5
L.A. 641. Theories and Methods of
Design Programming........................................... 2
L.A. 650. Landscape Architecture Engineering II.................. 3
L.A. 661. Synthecology Field Research (Retreat II)............... 1
L.A. 670. Landscape Architecture History/
Theory Seminar................................................. 3
L.A. 691. Ecosystem Analysis and Adaptation......................... 3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
L.A. 601. Landscape Architecture Design IV ...................... 5
L.A. 651. Landscape Architecture Engineering III................. 3
L.A. 681. Rocky Mountain Plant Technology........................ 3
Electives........................................................ 7
18
Fall Semester, Third Year
L.A. 700. Landscape Architecture Design V.......................... 5
L.A. 760. Landscape Architecture Construction II-
Working Drawings and Specifications............................ 3
B.Ad. Business Admin. Elective..................................... 3
L.A. 761. Synthecology Field Research (Retreat III).............. 1
L.A. 790. Independent Design Practicum Research
and Research Methods........................................... 2
L.A. 791. Landscape Architecture Issues Seminar..................... 1
15
Spring Semester, Third Year
L.A. 701. Independent Design Practicum-Design VI................. 5
L.A. 721. Professional Practice Seminar ........................... 3
L.A. 792. Natural Resource Issues Seminar.......................... 3
Elective........................................................... . 3
14
Total Hours 96
MASTER'S DEGREE IN PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
The MPCD program prepares students to become professional planners—career specialists in researching, designing, evaluating, and implementing strategies of environmental and community action. Careers for planners are found in such fields as environmental design, community development, land use and growth management, social services, environmental administration and assessment, policy analysis, energy development, natural


College of Design and Planning / 41
resources, land development, private planning consultation, corporate planning, urban redevelopment, housing, and regional planning. Because Denver is the Rocky Mountain West’s central location for managing and planning these fields of action, UCD planning students are often able to combine learning general principles and skills in the classroom with practical working experience in nearby operating agencies and organizations.
Curriculum
The curriculum requires 60 semester hours as a minimum for graduation. Forty-five of these semester hours are required core courses aimed at training the student in basic planning purposes, principles, content, research methods, and planning/policy-making skills. Of these required credits, 3 are spent in experiential learning and internships with public agencies and other organizations. Three plan-making studios are required with the one possibility being an integrated studio with the other design division in the College.
Another 15 credit hours of the curriculum are elective. They are chosen in consultation with the student’s faculty adviser to form a consistent pattern of planning expertise along the lines of the individual’s major interests. The courses may be chosen from the MPCD’s own core electives, from other programs in the College of Design and Planning, or from other graduate schools at UCD. Typical areas of specialization have been land use, transportation, planning administration, community development, urban design, social services, energy, and health planning. The final curriculum requirement in the student’s last semester is the satisfactory completion of an indepth planning thesis.
Admission Requirements
In order for a student to be considered for admission into the graduate program, application forms must be submitted by April 15 for the fall semester. Entry into the program at other times is not normally permitted. Applications for admission are reviewed by a faculty-student committee. Criteria for admission include academic performance, experience, interest, and motivation for study.
Candidates for admission should note that a 1-semester-hour course in statistics is part of the 60-hour core curriculum. Students who have taken an acceptable course in statistics may have this requirement waived.
Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to Director, Planning and Community Development Program, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAM
To provide unusual educational and practical experiences for outstanding students in all five graduate divisions, the College has established an optional, integrated, multidisciplinary studio. These classes are offered fall semesters to final-year students who choose to work on unique public and private actual design and planning projects for which the College has been asked to provide
educational, technical, and research assistance. During the last six years, more than 25 of these comprehensive studies have been completed by teams of students for towns, communities, neighborhoods, institutions, agencies, and companies. The studio is jointly taught by faculty from the five professional divisions and the Center for Community Development and Design.
CENTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN
The Center for Community Development and Design provides educational and technical assistance to solve design, planning, and community development problems upon request to groups, organizations, neighborhoods, communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The center provides these services to aid in the development of the community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided by mobilizing the necessary and available resources of the College of Design and Planning and the community and by utilizing the appropriate community development process and participatory techniques.
A central goal of the center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community members on problem solving through supervised projects in the field. The faculty and staff of the center coordinate community projects for which students register through classes in the various academic curricula. Students who register for these projects assume an added responsibility of satisfying client needs that goes beyond academic credit.
Students are expected to do two things: utilize and develop professional expertise which not only enhances their own education but also better prepares them to assist in the community problem-solving process, and to develop an understanding for community participatory processes and be able to integrate these into the technical aspects of their community project.
The types of projects students may select to work on include developing a physical design program for a child care center in an inner-city neighborhood; assisting a neighborhood to organize, design, and implement a self-help housing program in a small mountain town; and developing a comprehensive plan in cooperation with a planning commission in a Colorado high plains town.
Main Street Program
A joint effort by UCD and the State Department of Local Affairs, this innovative program provides assistance to small towns attempting to restore the economic viability of their retail cores. Interdisciplinary teams of students will work closely with the communities to address planning, design, and economic development issues (see urban design program options).
Community Research Center
Conducting applied social science research on the structure and dynamics of communities—whether inner city, suburb, or impacted rural area—is the mission of the Community Research Center (CRC). With the establish-


42 / University of Colorado at Denver
ment of the CRC, the CCDD completes the triangle of what its projects encompass: service, education, and research. In addition to functioning as the in-house research arm on CCDD projects, the CRC also conducts research on a contractual basis for government entities, communities, and design/planning professionals. The CRC affords
University faculty and students the opportunity to participate in applied research projects.
Areas of expertise within the CRC include social impact assessment, program evaluation, social surveying, organizational development, conference planning, and consultation to the design and planning profession on the social and behavioral aspects of design and planning.


School of Education
Gerald W. Lundquist, Associate Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL
UCD offers undergraduate and graduate programs to prepare teachers and other educational workers. The education of school personnel has long been a recognized responsibility of the University. No program of studies involves the coordination of more scholastic disciplines than does the education of teachers. None is more fundamental, more significant, more far-reaching, or more enduring in its impact on society.
The teacher education program, both undergraduate and graduate, is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education. Membership also is held in the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education.
Students interested in pursuing a program of studies leading to teacher certification should consult the School of Education office. Those desiring to pursue graduate programs or to take courses as graduate students should consult the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
All application forms for School of Education programs are available in the school office, located at 1100 14th St.; telephone 629-2717.
TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM
The Teacher Certification Program is designed to prepare elementary and secondary teachers for urban school settings through academic work, professional studies, classroom teaching experiences, community field experiences, and urban studies courses.
Graduate and undergraduate teacher certification programs are available at UCD in elementary education and in secondary education in the fields of communication and theatre, English, German, French, Spanish, mathematics, science, and social studies.
Undergraduate students must fulfill all degree requirements of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. For students who already have a B.A., B.S., or advanced degree it is possible to obtain teacher certification only or to work toward an advanced degree in education while obtaining Colorado teacher certification.
Student Candidates
1. Juniors and seniors who are working on a B.A. degree.
2. Persons who already have B.A., B.S., or advanced degrees, but who do not have teaching certificates.
The Program
First Semester (Fall) Semester Hours
T.Ed. 406/506. Foundations of American Education1............... 3
T.Ed. 413/513. General Educational Psychology1 ................. 3
T.Ed. 436/536. Teaching Reading in Urban Schools1 .............. 3
T.Ed. 473/573. The City as a Cultural Laboratory................ 2
T.Ed. 420/520. Media in Education............................... 3
Time Commitment for Field Experiences:
T.Ed. 406/506. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools
T.Ed. 413/513. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools
T.Ed. 436/536. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools
If the student elects to take these courses out of sequence, such as T.Ed.
406/506 the first semester and T.Ed. 413/513 and 436/536 the following fall, the time commitment will be a minimum of four hours per week each semester.
City as a Cultural Laboratory: To be offered fall semester in the form of individualized field experiences in the city of Denver. Seminars will be held during the semester to process the experiences.
Second Semester (Spring) Semester Hours
Special Methods:
a. For elementary certification:
T.Ed. 415/515. Basic Elementary Block............................. 8
b. For secondary certification:
Discipline-area methods course.................................... 3
T.Ed. 475/575. School-Based Field Experience (Secondary)........ 2
6 hours per week in Denver Public Schools
T.Ed. 475/575. School-Based Field Experience (Elementary)....... 4
12 hours per week in Denver Public Schools T.Ed. 412/512. Development, Communication, and Group
Process......................................................... 3
Full-time involvement in School of Education for elementary-level students during second semester of program.
Summer Session (Optional Enrollment)
This additional semester may be necessary for some students to complete program requirements during a two-year period.
1. Student teaching (T.Ed. 470/570, T.Ed. 471/571, T.Ed. 439/539, T.Ed. 440/540).
2. Academic work in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
3. Elective courses in the School of Education also may be taken during the summer terms.
'A field experience component is an integral pan of each of these courses.


44 / University of Colorado at Denver
Third Semester (Fall) Semester Hours
Elementary certification'. (Involves an 8-week full-time student teaching assignment, concurrent seminar.)
T.Ed. 470/570. Student Teaching-Elementary School.................. 8
T.Ed. 439/539- Seminar in Elementary Student Teaching.............. 1
T.Ed. 408/508. Methods and Materials for Teaching
the Exceptional Student......................................... 3
Secondary certification:
T.Ed. 471/571. Student Teaching-Secondary School
(8 weeks full time or 16 weeks half-time assignment)........... 8
T.Ed. 440/540. Seminar in Secondary Student Teaching................ 1
T.Ed. 408/508. Methods and Materials for Teaching
the Exceptional Student......................................... 3
Fourth Semester (Spring) Semester Hours
T.Ed. 414/514. Seminar: Urban Education, Bilingual/
Multicultural Education......................................... 3
Admission Procedures
A check list which outlines the steps necessary for admission into the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Education office. Students should obtain and follow the procedures as listed. For further information contact the School of Education, 1100 14th St., 629-2717. A comprehensive handbook describing the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Auraria Book Center.
Graduate Programs
Refer to the Graduate School section of this bulletin for information regarding graduate programs in education.


College of Engineering and Applied Science
Raul E. Bartlett, Resident Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROFESSION
Through engineering the resources of nature are used for the benefit of humanity and the environment. Engineers today are expected not only to be competent planners and designers of technical systems, but significant contributors to the betterment of their environment in the social and humanistic sense as well. Engineering professional societies have committed themselves to the principle that, as mankind gains the ability to build more powerful machines and more useful devices, there must be a strong and successful effort to protect natural resources and the environment.
An engineering career demands hard work, and so does an engineering education. In return engineers have excellent opportunities to work in various places, meet new challenges, or move upward in management. The engineer is generally well paid and usually in demand; in the rare times when there is a surplus of certain kinds of engineers, individuals usually have little difficulty finding attractive opportunities in other fields.
Currently, registration is required in all states for the legal right to practice professional engineering. Although there are variations in the state laws, graduation from an accredited curriculum in engineering, subscription to a code of ethics, and four years of qualifying experience are required. In addition, two days of examinations covering the engineering sciences and the applicant’s practical experience are required in most states. Those who cannot qualify for registration are expected to work under experienced registered engineers.
The following programs in the College are now accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC) of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET): aerospace engineering sciences, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering. The College also offers degrees in electrical engineering and computer science. Degrees in applied mathematics and engineering physics are offered by the College of Engineering and Applied Science in cooperation with the mathematics and physics departments of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Accreditation by the Engineering Accreditation Commission has not been sought for the programs in applied mathematics and engineering physics in order to allow students maximum flexibility in choosing engineering course electives.
A listing of the fields in which engineers work would have many hundreds of entries. The following list by departments gives only a brief summary.
The aerospace engineering sciences prepare engineers for an industry that encompasses the design and construction of both commercial and military aircraft and the development and fabrication of space vehicles. Advances in this technology have permitted the industry to enter also the fields of urban mass transit, undersea exploration, bioengineering, nuclear engineering, laser technology, and many other emerging high technology fields. An aerospace engineer often works at the forefront of engineering with scientists in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, etc.
Applied mathematics meets the need of modern research, which is dependent upon advanced mathematical concepts. Almost all concerns that are engaged in industrial and scientific research today need applied mathematicians, as do organizations involved in computational work, statistical analysis, or stochastics.
Architectural engineering prepares students for careers in the building industry and for research at the graduate level on building-related topics. This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer.
The architectural engineering curriculum is recommended for those wishing to specialize within the building industry in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering.
Chemical engineers convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products in facilities that include refineries and gasification plants. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering-oils, metals, glass, plastics, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others.
The department has recently revised and upgraded its bioengineering/premedical engineering program. It is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also working hard on energy problems and is stressing in its instructional program problems of energy conversion.
Civil engineering offers an interesting and challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other


46 / University of Colorado at Denver
structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipelines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and the control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction and contracting industry; and in the problems concerned with man’s physical environment and the growth of cities.
Electrical engineering offers professional possibilities that include teaching and research in a university; research in development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products; design of equipment or systems; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government. There are numerous specialties within electrical engineering. Among them are the design of computer systems and computer software; electromagnetic fields, which are basic to radio, television, and related systems; communication theory and signal processing; electrical machinery; solid-state, integrated-circuit, and electron devices; energy and power control systems; and others.
The electrical engineering and computer science program is designed to provide entrance into the profession for students who wish to work in computer engineering. This includes design and construction of efficient software systems as well as an introduction to hardware design. Present interest is in the application of microprocessors.
The engineering physicist works where new kinds of engineering are being born, or where many fields are being used jointly. General knowledge of the diverse fields of physics provides the ability to deal with industrial problems that cannot be solved by a standardized procedure in a specialized field. The training prepares the student for a career in physics where there are many and varied opportunities in development work and industrial research. It is also basic for graduate work in physics and for specialized training in research.
Mechanical engineering is very broad in scope, not identified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device, or system but instead is concerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively. The objective of the undergraduate program is to prepare the student to meet and anticipate change, and to work with technologies as yet unknown. Typical starting assignments for the graduating senior include positions with oil, construction, and automotive industries.
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE B.S. Degree Programs
The College of Engineering and Applied Science offers at UCD complete four-year programs leading to the B.S. degree in civil engineering, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. A number of the courses leading to the B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, and engineering physics also are offered at UCD.
The course requirements during the freshman year are
essentially the same throughout the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
About two-thirds of the sophomore year is common to all, and the remainder of the courses begin to point to the various fields of engineering taught; real specialization begins, however, in the junior year and carries on through the senior year. A fifth year of study leading to the master’s degree is strongly urged for students of more than usual ability who feel they can profit from additional study. Those in this category are likely to achieve greater ultimate success in the engineering profession.
At UCD it is also possible for a student to obtain a bachelor’s degree in engineering and a bachelor’s degree in business in five years plus one or two summer terms. Any of the engineering degree programs can be modified for an excellent premedical program. If liberal arts students elect certain courses in science, mathematics, and engineering as undergraduates, they may earn an engineering degree in four semesters after graduation from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Graduate Degree Programs
At the graduate level, UCD offers degree programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.
For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the Master of Engineering, Master of Science, or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Summer Courses
Summer term courses are planned for regular students and those who must clear deficiencies. Courses also are offered for high school graduates who wish to enter as freshmen and for those who need to remove subject deficiencies. For information about courses, students should write to the resident dean of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, UCD, for the Schedule of Summer Courses.
For some students there are advantages in starting their college careers during the summer term. Some required freshman and sophomore courses are normally offered at UCD during the summer. The summer term gives students a head start and enables them to take a lighter load during the fall semester or take additional courses to enrich their program.
Scholarships, Fellowships, and Loan Funds
Money contributed to the University Development Foundation for assistance to engineering students is deposited in appropriate accounts and used according to the restrictions imposed by the donors. Numerous industries match employee contributions. A list of companies contributing to scholarships and fellowships and different loan funds available can be obtained from the dean’s office.
Student Organizations
The following honorary engineering societies have active student chapters in the College of Engineering and Applied Science:
\


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 47
Chi Epsilon, civil and architectural fraternity Eta Kappa Nu, electrical engineering society Tau Beta Pi, engineering society Student chapters (or clubs) of the following professional societies are well established at UCD:
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Society of Women Engineers (SWE)
These societies meet frequently to present papers, speakers, films, and other programs of technical interest. A general student organization, known as the Associated Engineering Students (AES), of which all students in the College are members, has supervision of matters of interest to the whole group.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
The prospective engineering student needs to be able to work hard, should enjoy mathematics, and should have a keen interest in science and its methods. Sound curiosity about the principles governing the behavior of forces and materials and the ability to visualize structures and machines are necessary prerequisites. The ability to express ideas in both written and spoken form is of primary importance.
In order to enroll, the student must meet the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the admission requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin. Persons of sufficient maturity and experience who do not meet the prescribed requirements for admission may be admitted upon approval of the resident dean.
Beginning students in engineering should be prepared to start analytic geometry-calculus. No credit toward a degree will be given for algebra or trigonometry (courses will be offered to allow a student to make up deficiencies). Any student who questions the adequacy of his or her precollege background in mathematics should see the applied mathematics coordinator for suggestions. A diagnostic test covering precalculus mathematics will be available, prior to registration, to assist new freshmen in selecting the appropriate beginning mathematics course.
To be prepared for the type of mathematics courses that will be taught, the student must be competent in the basic ideas and skills of ordinary algebra, geometry, and plane trigonometry. These include such topics as the fundamental operations with algebraic expressions, exponents and radicals, fractions, simple factoring, solution of linear and quadratic equations, graphical representation, simple systems of equations, complex numbers, the binomial theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, logarithms, the trigonometric functions and their use in triangle solving and simple applications, and the standard theorems of geometry, including some solid geometry. It is estimated that it will usually take seven semesters to cover this material adequately in high school.
It is recommended that students take at least two units of a foreign language.
Freshmen High School Subjects Required
Required for Admission1 2 Units1
English (literature, composition, grammar) 4
Mathematics distributed as follows: Algebra 2
Geometry 1
Additional mathematics (trigonometry recommended) 1
Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) 2
Social studies and humanities 3
(Foreign languages and additional units of English, history, and literature are included) Electives3 3
Total 16
Former Students
Former students must meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin. Records made at collegiate institutions while the student was a member of the armed forces will not necessarily be a determining factor in a student’s readmission to the University of Colorado, but all such records should be submitted. Students who have withdrawn must obtain permission of the resident dean to reenroll in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Students who interrupt their course of study may be required to take any preparatory courses which have been added during their absence or to repeat courses in which their preparation is thought to be weak.
Transfer Students
Students transferring from other accredited collegiate institutions may be considered for admission on an individual basis if they meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin and the freshman requirements for entering the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Intrauniversity transfers within the same campus of the University to the College of Engineering and Applied Science will be considered on an individual basis if both of the following conditions are fullfilled:
1. Enrollment limitations permit.
2. The student’s prior academic record fulfills the admissions requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Intercampus transfers of students from one campus of the University to another will be considered on an individual basis if the following conditions are fulfilled:
1. Enrollment limitations permit.
2. The student has a minimum of 30 hours in an engi-
'Applicants not meeting these requirements will be considered on an individual basis. A student who is not prepared should expect to make up deficiencies.
2 A unit of work in high school is defined as a course covering a school year of not fewer than 36 weeks, with five periods of at least 40 minutes per week. (Two periods of manual training, domestic science, drawing, or laboratory work are equivalent to one period of classroom work.) This is equivalent to 180 actual periods per unit. Fractional credits of value less than one-half unit will not be accepted. Not less than one unit of work will be accepted in a foreign language, elementary algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry, or biology.
’Electives may be chosen from any of the high school subjects (except physical education) which are accepted by an accredited school for its diploma and which meet the standards as defined by the North Central Association. However, not more than two units will be considered from drawing, shop, or other vocational work; courses that have descriptive geometry features may be considered for elective units beyond the recommended units.


48 / University of Colorado at Denver
neering curriculum at that campus, not counting transfer hours.
3. If an engineering student, the student is in good academic standing with at least a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average for all courses attempted and for all courses that count toward graduation requirements. If not an engineering student, the student’s academic record has all that fulfills the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Some course sequences should be completed before transferring to another campus; therefore, it is strongly recommended that students who contemplate transferring campuses see their department adviser prior to initiating the transfer request.
Both intrauniversity and intercampus transfers are subject to review by a faculty committee which evaluates the applicant’s qualifications for academic success in engineering subjects.
TRANSFER CREDIT
After a prospective transfer student has made application and submitted transcripts to the University of Colorado, the Office of Admissions and Records issues a Statement of Advanced Standing (currently Form 382) listing those courses that are acceptable by University standards for transfer. A copy of this statement is received by the resident dean’s office at the time the student is admitted by the Office of Admissions and Records and is made a part of the permanent record. The appropriate engineering faculty departmental representative will use this copy of the form to indicate which of those credits listed may be acceptable toward the 136-hour graduation requirement in the College of Engineering and Applied Science and note the tentative acceptance of these credits by dating and initialing each acceptable course listed on the Statement of Advanced Standing. The student will be notified that the acceptance is tentative and is contingent upon satisfactory completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado before the credits may be officially applied toward the degree requirements. It is the responsibility of transfer students, after having completed the 30 semester credit hours at the University of Colorado, to request final validation of the credits by their department and to have this validation noted on the Statement of Advanced Standing kept in the resident dean’s office.
If at any time a student wishes to have a course not previously accepted considered again for transfer, the student should consult with the departmental transfer adviser and complete a petition to the resident dean through the department chairman. All transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses.
NONTRANSFERABLE CREDITS
Students desiring to transfer credits from engineering technology programs should note that such credits are accepted only upon the submission of evidence that the work involved was fully equivalent to that offered in this College.
There are technology courses given with titles and textbooks identical to those of some engineering courses. These may still not be equivalent to engineering courses
because of emphasis that is nonmathematical or otherwise divergent.
In order to assist engineering technology students with transfer planning, the following guidelines have been established:
Courses on basic subjects such as mathematics, physics, literature, or history may be acceptable for direct transfer of credit if they were taught as part of an accredited program for all students and were not specifically designated for technology students.
Students who have taken technology courses (courses with technology designations) that may be valid equivalents for engineering courses have these options:
1. They may petition faculty advisers to waive the course. The requirement for a course can be waived if students demonstrate that, by previous course work, individual study, or work experience they have acquired the background and training normally provided by the course. No credit is given toward graduation for a waived course, but strong students may benefit from the waiver by being able to include more advanced work later in their curriculum. Other students may profit by taking the course at this College instead and thus establish a fully sound basis for what follows.
2. Credit for a course may be given if the course work was done at an accredited institution of higher education. The University of Colorado department involved may recommend that credit be transferred to count toward the requirements for a related course in its curriculum. Credit cannot be given for vocational-technical or remedial courses under rules of the University. (See section on transfer of college-level credit in the General Information section of this bulletin.)
3. Students may seek credit for the course by examination.
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Refer to the General Information section of this bulletin for descriptions of University-wide policies.
The following policies apply specifically to the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Advanced Placement
Advanced placement credit may be granted by special examination of the department involved or by College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) tests. If the applicant has scored 4 or 5 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination, credit toward graduation may be awarded. Students who have scored 3 may be considered for advanced placement by the department concerned. All advanced placement and transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses, in accordance with standard transfer policies of the College.
Advanced placement credit for the freshman mathematics courses in calculus will be limited to not more than 4 hours each. Equivalent mathematics courses from other colleges are usually accepted at full value.
Attendance Regulations
Successful work in the College of Engineering and Ap-


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 49
plied Science is dependent upon regular attendance in all classes. Students who are unavoidably absent should make arrangements with instructors to make up the work missed. Students who, for illness or other good reason, miss a final examination must notify the instructor or the resident dean’s office no later than the end of the day on which the examination is given. Failure to do so will result in an F in the course.
Changing Departments
Students who wish to change to another department within the College of Engineering and Applied Science must apply for transfer by submitting a Change of Major for Undergraduate Degree Students form which must have the approval of both departments concerned and the resident dean.
College-Level Examination (CLEP) Credit
Prospective students may earn college-level credit through the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) subject examinations, provided that they score at the 67th percentile or above. Departments will advise students of the credits accepted for such courses. The number of credits so earned must be within the limits of the number of elective hours of the individual department. A list of subjects in which CLEP examination credit will be accepted may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science office. The currently approved list includes 23 subjects in the fields of computing, business, science, mathematics, the humanities, and social sciences. (See also College-Level Examination Program in the General Information section of this bulletin.) (CLEP general examinations are not acceptable.)
Counseling
Freshman students are counseled by the resident dean’s office and by representatives from each academic department. These representatives are readily available to assist students with academic, vocational, or personal concerns.
Students are assigned specific departmental advisers for academic planning and should consult with the departmental chairman or designated representative for assignment.
Course Load Policy
Full-time Students. Undergraduate students employed less than 10 hours per week should register for the regular work as outlined in the departmental curricula. Additional courses may be allowed when there is satisfactory evidence that these extra courses can be taken profitably and creditably. Permission to take more than 21 hours may be granted only after written petition to the resident dean. The petition must carry the approval of the departmental faculty adviser.
Employed Students. Suggested maximum course loads for undergraduate students employed 10 or more hours per week are as follows:
Employed 40 or more hours per week —two courses (maximum of 9
semester hours)
Employed 30 to 39 hours per week —three courses (maximum of 12
semester hours)
Employed 20 to 29 hours per week—four courses (maximum of 15
semester hours)
Employed 10 to 19 hours per week—five courses (maximum of 18
semester hours)
Freshman Year
Fundamentals taught in the freshman year are of prime importance in the more advanced classes, and every effort is made to register a beginning freshman in the proper courses. (Course requirements for freshmen are detailed within the curriculum given under each department.)
All freshmen are urged to consult their instructors whenever they need help in their assignments.
Repetition of Courses
A student may not register for credit in a course in which he already has received a grade of C or better. When a student takes a course for credit more than once, all grades are used in determining the grade-point average. An A grade in a required course necessitates a subsequent satisfactory completion of the course. Students may not register for credit in any course which they have previously enrolled in and completed for NC (no credit).
Work Experience
It is the policy of the College of Engineering and Applied Science that any credits accrued in the official records of the student that were awarded for work experience (or for Cooperative Education experience) will not apply as part of the 136 semester hours required for an engineering degree.
Policy on Academic Progress
The following is a statement of the Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
An overall average of 2.0 or better, in hours taken at the University of Colorado toward graduation requirements, is necessary to remain in good standing in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Grades earned at another institution are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado. However, grades earned in another school or college within the University of Colorado will be used in determining the student’s scholastic standing and progress toward the bachelor of science degree in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Students whose overall average falls below 2.0 will be placed on probation for the next semester in which they are enrolled in the College and will be so notified. If, after that semester the student’s average is still below 2.0, the student will be suspended from the College.
The following is additional information and interpretation of the policy:
1. Students who have been suspended are suspended indefinitely and may not enroll at any University of Colorado campus during any regular academic year, September through May, but may enroll in summer sessions or Vacation College and/or may take correspondence courses for credit through the Division of Continuing Education.
2. Students who have been suspended may apply for readmission if they bring their overall average up to a 2.0


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through summer session, Vacation College, and/or correspondence work applying to engineering degree requirements as approved by a member of the Academic Progress Committee.
3. A student, upon satisfactorily completing at another college or university a minimum of 12 semester hours of work appropriate to an engineering curriculum subsequent to suspension, may apply for readmission as a transfer student.
4. Applicants for readmission to the University of Colorado cannot be assured readmission.
5. During a probation semester the student must complete a normal load, i.e., 12 hours or more (for a full-time student) of courses counting toward graduation requirements. Physical education courses do not count; if the student has previously completed 6 hours of ROTC courses, ROTC courses do not count; if 24 hours of social-humanistic subjects have been completed, social-humanistic subjects do not count.
6. Students who have been on probation or suspension at any time in the past will automatically be suspended if their overall average again falls below a 2.0.
Details of the probationary and suspension status and of the conditions for return to good academic standing will be stipulated in the letters of probation and suspension. Information regarding these matters may be obtained in the Office of the Resident Dean, Room UA 402.
Grading System, Incompletes, Pass/Fail and Drop/Add Procedures
See the General Information section of this bulletin for the University of Colorado uniform grading system and for additional pass/fail information and drop/add procedures. Also see the current Schedule of Courses.
GRADING SYSTEM
It is particularly important to note that in the College of Engineering and Applied Science courses to be counted toward fulfilling the 136-hour graduation requirement cannot be taken no credit (NC). Once a course has been taken for no credit, the course cannot be repeated for credit.
INCOMPLETES
An incomplete may be given by the instructor for circumstances beyond the student’s control, such as a documented medical or personal emergency. When it is given, the student, the resident dean’s office, and the departmental office are informed, in writing, by the instructor what the student is to do in order to remove the incomplete and when the tasks are to be completed. The instructor may assign only the I IF grade. The student is expected to complete the course requirements, e.g., the final examination, term paper, within the established deadline and not to retake the entire course. The grade will be converted automatically to a grade of F after one year unless the specified work is completed.
PASS/FAIL
The primary purpose for offering courses on a pass/fail grade basis is to encourage students, especially juniors and seniors, to broaden their educational experience by elect-
ing challenging courses without serious risk to their academic records. In general pass/fail should be limited to 300- or 400-level courses. Engineering students cannot take required courses pass/fail. Below are specific pass/fail regulations for the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
1. A maximum of 16 pass/fail hours may be included in a student’s total program. A maximum of 6 hours may be taken in one semester, but it is recommended that not more than one course at a time be taken pass/fail.
2. Courses that a student may elect to take pass/fail shall be designated and approved in advance by the student’s major department. If courses not so designated are taken, the earned grade will be recorded in place of the P or F grade. An engineering student who has not designated a major field will not be allowed the pass/fail option without approval through the resident dean’s office.
3. A transfer student may count toward graduation one credit hour of pass/fail for each 9 credit hours completed in the College; however, the maximum number of pass/fail hours counting toward graduation shall not exceed 16, including courses taken in the Honors Program under that program’s pass/fail grading system.
4. Students on academic probation should not enroll for pass/fail courses.
DROP/ADD
Only under very extenuating circumstances will petitions for dropping courses be considered after the tenth week of the semester.
Sequence of Courses
Full-time students should complete the courses in the department in which they are registered according to the curriculum shown under their major department in this bulletin. (Part-time students may need to modify the order of courses with adviser approval.) Any course in which there is a failure should, upon the first recurrence of such course, take precedence over other courses; however, each student must be registered so that departmental requirements will be completed with the least possible delay.
Students who do not earn a grade of C or better in a course that is prerequisite to another may not register for the succeeding course unless they have the permission of both the department and the instructor of the succeeding course.
Students may enroll for as much as 30 percent of their courses in work that is not a part of the prescribed curricula of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, provided they have at least a 2.0 grade average in all college work attempted. Exceptions to this policy may be made by petition and may be made for students taking the engineering-business program.
Graduation With Honors
In recognition of high scholastic and professional attainments, Honors or Special Honors (at the discretion of the Engineering Honors and Recognition Committee) will be awarded at graduation. These honors will be recorded on


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 51
the diplomas of the graduates receiving them and indicated in the commencement program.
Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum
The faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science requires that 24 semester hours should be considered the minimum of social-humanistic content of the degree-granting departments.
A minimum of 6 hours of literature is required. Six hours of social-humanistic subjects should be taken in the junior year and 6 in the senior year. These subjects should be taken from the following categories, with not fewer than 6 hours from category 2 below.
1. Literature (including foreign literature either in the original or in translation).
2. Economics, sociology, political science, history, and anthropology.
3. Fine arts and music (critical or historical).
Up to a maximum of 6 hours of communication skills (e.g., English composition, technical writing, public speaking, elementary foreign languages) may be substituted for 6 hours of the social-humanistic requirement. Alternatively, such courses may be counted as technical electives. Courses in business subjects such as accounting, contracts, and management should be used as technical electives where applicable. (Elective courses are to be coordinated with the faculty adviser.)
Qualified students will be permitted to take appropriate honors courses as substitutes for social-humanistic courses.
The Humanities and Literature Program is designed to develop communication and analytical skills which are essential for every professional person. Engineering students may select courses from the three components of the program:
1. Hum. 101, an interdisciplinary, team-taught class, is a core course in the Honors in Humanities Program offered by the Division of Arts and Humanities (see the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Division of Arts and Humanities, section of this bulletin for details).
2. A sequence of seven Great Books courses. This series, chronologically arranged, begins with the Classical Heritage and ends with Contemporary World Literature. Students may take any of these courses. They need not be taken in order; rather, students should choose those historical periods of most interest to them. (The sequence is Engl. 231, 252, 253, 254, 256, 257, 258-see the English course descriptions for details.)
3. Engl. 120, Introduction to Fiction, and Engl. 130, Introduction to Poetry and Drama, focus on methodology more than the Great Books sequence, dealing with analyses of literary forms and structures. Students should determine the specific requirements of their particular degree programs with respect to humanities and literature.
PLANNING AN ENGINEERING PROGRAM
It is the responsibility of students to be sure they have fulfilled all the requirements, to file the intended date of graduation in the departmental office at the close of the third year, to fill out a Diploma Card at registration at the
beginning of the last semester, and to keep the departmental adviser and the resident dean’s office informed of any changes in the students’ plans throughout the last year.
In order to become eligible for one of the bachelor’s degrees in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, a student, in addition to being in good standing in the University, must meet the following minimum requirements:
Courses. The satisfactory completion of the prescribed and elective work in any curriculum as determined by the appropriate department.
Hours. A minimum of 136 hours, of which the last 30 shall be earned after matriculation and admission as a degree student in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU is required for students in the four-year curricula; however, many students may need to present more than the minimum hours because of certain departmental requirements and because they may have enrolled in courses which do not carry full credit toward a degree. The hours required for students in the business and engineering program vary by departments; as a guide, 166 semester hours are considered a minimum, but most students follow programs that bring the total above this figure.
Grade Average. A minimum grade-point average of 2.0 (Q for all courses attempted and (separately computed) for all required courses. A department may require a C average or a minimum grade of C in all major courses.
Faculty Recommendation. The recommendation of the faculty of the department offering the degree and the recommendation of the faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Incompletes and Correspondence Courses. It is the student’s responsibility to insure that all incompletes and correspondence courses are officially completed before the tenth week of the student’s final semester in school.
Simultaneous Conferring of Degrees. For business and engineering students, the degree B.S. in business and the degree B.S. in engineering must be conferred at the same commencement.
Commencement Exercises. Commencement exercises are held in May. Students finishing in December and August may attend commencement the following May or receive diplomas by mail.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES
In addition to the standard four-year degree programs previously listed, the College is involved in the following programs.
Business and Engineering Curricula
Undergraduates in the College of Engineering and Applied Science with career interests in administration may complete all of the requirements for both a B.S. degree in engineering and a B.S. degree in business by extending their study programs to five years, including one or two summer terms. The 48 semester credits required in the College of Business and Administration may be started in the second, third, or fourth year, depending upon the curricular plan for the particular field of engineering in which


52 / University of Colorado at Denver
the student is enrolled.
It is also possible for qualified graduates (GPA: 3.0 or better) to complete the requirements for a master’s degree in business within one year after receiving the baccalaureate degree in engineering. Before deciding upon the business option, a student should carefully consider, in consultation with departmental advisers, the relative advantages of the combined B.S. business-engineering curricula, the degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the M.S. degree program in the student’s own engineering discipline.
B.S. business and B.S. engineering programs are available for students in aerospace engineering sciences, applied mathematics, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and tomputer science, engineering physics, and mechanical engineering.
Students taking these undergraduate programs are not required to submit formal application for admission to the College of Business. However, before enrolling in any business courses, the student must see an adviser from the College of Business.
Requirements for the undergraduate business degree and engineering degree must be completed concurrently. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Not fewer than 30 semester credits in business courses must be earned to establish residency credit. Courses offered by the College of Business may be used in lieu of electives required for undergraduate engineering degrees, subject to the approval of the individual department.
The business requirements for this program are as follows:
Courses Semester Hours
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics........................ 6
(Should be completed during the student’s sophomore year or junior year.)
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting................... 3
B.Ad. 200. Business Information and the Computer.................. 3
Q.M. 201. Business Statistics...................................... 3
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing.................................. 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance............................................ 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management.................. 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and
Organization................................................... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law............................................ 3
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B.Ad. 411.
Business and Society........................................... 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy................... 3
Courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields: accounting, finance, information science, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and traffic management. All course work in the area of emphasis must be taken in the University of Colorado College of Business
and Administration.............................................. 12
Total 48
The student should note that for some courses, and for some areas of emphasis, there are prerequisites which must be met. Since some of the courses may be taken as engineering electives, it is possible to obtain the two degrees in as few as 166 semester hours; however, most students will require more.
Joint Engineering Degrees
A student may obtain two engineering degrees by meeting the requirements and obtaining the approval of both departments concerned. Thirty hours of elective or required subjects in addition to the largest minimum number required by either of the two departments must be completed.
Premedicine Option
A professional school in a field such as medicine requires a student to have a college education prior to pursuing its professional courses. In practically all cases, medical students are university graduates, although occasionally a student may enter medical school after three years of university training. A student can prepare for medical school either in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences or in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The desirability of obtaining an engineering education prior to undertaking a study of medicine is increasing continually, as medicine itself is evolving. A great deal of additional equipment, most of it electronic, is being developed to assist the medical practitioner in treatment of patients. Bioengineering, engineering systems analysis, probability, and communication theory are highly applicable to medical problems. Improved communication techniques also are allowing the storage and retrieval of information not previously available to the medical doctor. An advanced knowledge of basic mathematics and computing techniques, along with increased understanding of physical chemistry, are improving the scientific base upon which medical knowledge rests. It is therefore desirable that the medical practitioner and researcher in the future be well equipped with the tools which engineering can offer.
To provide at least a minimum of the necessary knowledge, the additional courses listed below are prescribed and must be completed with superior grades. General overall requirements for entry into most medical schools are given. Students can meet these requirements by careful substitution of electives in the engineering curriculum. In some cases where additional hours may be required, interested students should consult with the engineering department chairman.
General chemistry (103-106)................. 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.)
Organic chemistry (341, 342, 343, 344)...... 2sem. (8-10sem. hrs.)
General biology (205-206)....................... 2 sem. (8 sem. hrs.)
English composition............................. 1 sem. (3 sem. hrs.)
To prepare for a career in medicine in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, it is strongly recommended that the student follow a full four-year college program (with the equivalent of at least 136 semester hours) and earn a B.S. degree.
The Admissions Committee of the University of Colorado School of Medicine welcomes inquiries and visits from prospective students, particularly at the time of their first interest in medicine as their chosen profession.
Students desiring to enter a premedical program should consult the representative of the department involved. At UCD, premedical advising is available through the Health Careers Advisory Committee, Science Bldg., Room 218.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 53
GRADUATE STUDY IN ENGINEERING
The College of Engineering and Applied Science at UCD offers programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.
For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the degrees Master of Engineering, Master of Environmental Science, Master of Science or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Education for Employed Professional Engineers
Continuing education for employed engineers grows more important each year. Therefore, the College puts great emphasis upon making graduate courses available through night and televised courses. The Master of Engineering degree permits graduate students more flexibility in defining specialized interdisciplinary fields that meet their professional needs. This degree has standards fully equivalent to those of the Master of Science degree.
In addition to credit course work, the College works jointly with the Division of Continuing Education to offer noncredit courses of interest to practicing engineers.
Concurrent B.S. and M.S. Degree Program in Engineering
Students who plan to continue in the Graduate School after completing the requirements for the B.S. degree may apply for admission to the concurrent degree program through their department early in the second semester of their junior year (after completion of at least 84 semester hours). Requirements are the same as for the two degrees taken separately: 136 credit hours for the B.S. degree and 30 credit hours for the M.S. degree. Social-humanistic requirements must be completed within the first 136 credit hours. A 3.0 grade-point average for all work attempted through the first six semesters (at least 96 credit hours) and written recommendations from at least two major-field faculty members are required.
The purpose of the concurrent degree program is to allow the student who qualifies for graduate study and expects to continue for an advanced degree to plan his graduate program from the beginning of the senior year rather than from the first year of graduate study. The student can then reach the degree of proficiency required to begin research at an earlier time, and can make better and fuller use of courses offered in alternate years.
Students will be assigned faculty advisers to help them develop the program best suited to their particular interests. Those in the program will be encouraged to pursue independent study on research problems or in areas of specialization where no formal courses are offered. A liberal substitution policy will be followed for courses normally required in the last year of the undergraduate curriculum. Tbe program selected must be planned so that the student may qualify for the B.S. degree after completing the credit-hour requirements for the degree if the student so elects, or if the student’s grade-point average falls below the 3.0 required to remain in the program. In this case, all hours completed with a passing grade while in the pro-
gram will count toward fulfilling the normal requirements for the B.S. degree. There will be no credit given toward a graduate degree for courses applied to the B.S. degree requirements; however, students are still eligible to apply for admission to the Graduate School under the rules set forth in the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Normally, however, the student will apply for admission to the Graduate School when at least 130 of the 136 credit hours required for the B.S. degree have been completed, and will be awarded the B.S. and M.S. degrees simultaneously upon meeting the requirements set forth for the concurrent degree program.
Graduate Work in Business
Undergraduates in engineering who intend to pursue graduate study in business may complete some of the business background requirements as electives in their undergraduate programs. Seniors in engineering who have such intentions and appear likely to qualify for admission to graduate study in business may be permitted to register for any of the graduate fundamentals courses which are designed to provide qualified students with needed background preparation in business. Students should see an adviser from the College of Business for approval.
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING SCIENCES
The primary objective of the aerospace engineering sciences curriculum is to provide sound general training in subjects fundamental to the practice of and research in this branch of engineering sciences. The major part of the first three years is devoted to the study of mathematics, physics, mechanics, chemistry, and the humanities. The fourth year is devoted to the professional courses in the fields of physics of fluids (fluid dynamics); propulsion and energy conversion; flight dynamics, control, and guidance; space system analysis; materials and structural mechanics; space environment; and bioengineering.
The minimum total number of semester hours for the B.S. degree is 136. Students who wish to obtain a B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences and B.S. degree in business are advised to consider obtaining the B.S. degree in aerospace and the M.S. degree in business rather than two B.S. degrees. Business courses may not be substituted for technical electives in the aerospace curriculum.
The complete aerospace engineering sciences program is not available at UCD. Therefore, students wishing to complete this program should apply to transfer to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of the junior year. Students must complete a minimum of 30 hours including the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics at UCD before applying for transfer to the Boulder campus. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Aerospace Engineering Sciences)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program:


54 / University of Colorado at Denver
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ................... 4
Great Books (see note 1)....................................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 2)........................ 3
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 3)...................... 5
.E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern Engineering
(orC.E. 130)...............................................
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics 1..................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1................................ 1
Great Books (see note 1)......................................... 3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................... 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 2).......................... . 3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.................... 4
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing.............................. 3
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I................................. 3
Great Books (see note 1)......................................... 3
Phys. 233. General Physics II.................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II............................... â–  1
Total 18
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations
and Linear Algebra........................................... 4
C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II................................ 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics........................................ 3
Social-humanistic elective (see notes 1 and 2)................... 3
Approved physics elective........................................ . 3
Total 16
Notes for B.S. (Aerospace Engineering)
1. For other options in English and information concerning Social-Humanistic electives, see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Students may take electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
3. Ch.E. 210 may be substituted.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Charles I. Sherrill III, Coordinator
The Division of Natural and Physical Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers all courses in mathematics, both required and elective, for undergraduate and graduate students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Three curricula leading to the degree B.S. (A.Math.) are offered. In Option I, the student takes a minor in a specific engineering department, satisfying an adviser from that department. In Option II, the student takes distributed course work in engineering departments, including a solid grounding in mechanics, electronics, and materials. (This option is intended for the above-average student.) Option III is a joint mathematics-computer science program. Regardless of the option chosen, each student is expected to complete a minimum of 45 semester hours of course work in mathematics beginning with Math. 140.
Modern industrial and scientific research is so dependent on advanced mathematical concepts that applied mathematicians are needed today by almost all concerns
which are engaged in such research.
The undergraduate curriculum is designed to give training in mathematics and in engineering and science. The use of numerical methods and electronic computers is included.
Nontechnical electives should be broadening and have cultural value. Courses in the humanities and the social sciences are required. Students interested in research should take a foreign language as early as possible. Beginning language courses are normally considered technical electives but may count toward the social-humanistic electives. Some 300- and 400-levcl language courses may be counted. Under all circumstances, a student must plan a complete program and obtain the approval of a departmental adviser at the beginning of the sophomore year.
The B.S. degree in applied mathematics requires the completion of a minimum of 136 credit hours of course work with an average grade of C or better (a 2.0 grade-point average) and a grade of C or better in all mathematics courses. Course work in the social-humanistic elective area must be approved by the student’s adviser.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Applied Mathematics)
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I.................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry................................... 5
Great Books (see note 1)....................................... 3
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing............................_._3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II................... 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................. 2
Great Books (see note 1)....................................... 3
Phys. 231. General Physics I................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1.............................. 1
Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5)............................ â–  3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.................... 4
Great Books (see note 1)......................................... 3
Phys. 233. General Physics II.................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II............................... 1
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5)........................._._6
Total 18
Spring Semester
Great Books (see note 1)......................................... 3
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra .............................................. 4
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5)......................... 11
Total 18
Junior Year Fall Semester
Math. 431. Advanced Calculus I................................... 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics........................................ 3
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5)......................... 12
Total 18
Spring Semester
Math. 481. Introduction to Probability Theory.................... 3
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5)......................... 15
Total 18


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 55
Senior Year Fall Semester
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5)........................... 17
Spring Semester
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5)........................... 15
Requirements under each option are as follows:
Option I Semester Hours
Specialty in a specific engineering department................. 18-30
Technical electives ........................................... 15-22
Other electives ............................................... 11-30
Required social-humanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2)......... 12
(Electives should include Math. 432.)
Option II
Distributed engineering courses in the
engineering college........................................... 22-30
(A minimal program would consist of the following courses:
C.E. 212, C.E. 311, E.E. 213, E.E. 313, E.E. 314, M.E. 301,
M.E. 383 or C.E. 331 or their equivalents.)
Technical electives .............................................. 15-22
Other electives .................................................. 11-30
Required social-humanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2)............. 12
(Electives should include Math. 432.)
Option III
Specific courses required under Option III:
E.E. 257 (C.S. 257)................................................. 3
E.E. 401 (C.S. 401)................................................. 3
E.E. 453 (C.S. 453)................................................. 3
E.E. 459 (C.S. 459)................................................... 3
E.E. 460.............................................................. 3
C.S. 310 ............................................................. 4
Math. 465 ............................................................ 3
Math. 466 ............................................................ 3
Technical electives ............................................... 6-23
Other electives .................................................. 11-30
Required social-humanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2)............. 12
Notes for B.S. (Applied Mathematics)
1. For other options in English and information concerning social-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Students may take social-humanistic electives pass /fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
3. A minimum of 10 approved courses in mathematics beyond 140, 241, 242, and 302 is required of all students majoring in applied mathematics.
4. Math. 101, 111, 112, and 113 do not count toward the B.S. (A. Math.) degree or any other B.S. degree in engineering.
5. In addition to E.E. 210, Engr. 101 and Engr. 301, the student must take a minimum of 18 hours of approved elective engineering courses excluding chemistry, mathematics, and physics courses. Furthermore, the student who does not have a strong interest in applications of mathematics to engineering is encouraged to consider a major in mathematics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
John R. Mays, Coordinator
The architectural engineering curriculum is administered at the Boulder campus by the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Its purpose is to prepare a student for a career in the building industry and for graduate-level research on building-related topics. The building industry is the largest single industry in the United States and includes many diverse skills and fields of knowledge.
This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer.
The architectural engineering curriculum is recommended for those wishing to specialize (within the building industry) in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering.
Specialization in construction is for students planning a career in contracting and building construction. This program involves courses in construction management, planning and scheduling techniques, cost accounting, estimating and pricing, building materials, and construction methods.
Students interested in environmental engineering may concentrate their efforts in the fields of illumination and electrical systems design, heating-ventilating-air conditioning systems design, sanitation and water supply, or acoustics.
The third area of specialization is for those interested in the design of structural systems for buildings. Courses available are structural analysis; statically indeterminate structures; and steel, concrete, and timber design.
The five-year course leading to a B.S. degree in architectural engineering and a B.S. degree in business offers opportunity to complement the architectural engineering background with study in one of the major areas of business administration, such as personnel and business management, marketing, and finance.
Approximately one-half of the architectural engineering program is available at UCD under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering. Students wishing to complete the architectural engineering program should apply for transfer to the Boulder campus at the start of the junior year, but at that time must have completed at least 30 semester hours at UCD. Students should complete the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics at UCD before applying for transfer to the Boulder campus. The complete curriculum and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Architectural Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ...................... 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing..................................... 2
Literature elective (see note 1)................................... 3
E.E. 201. Introduction to Computing (or E.E. 210)................. 3
C.E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering....................... 2
Social-humanistic elective ....................................... . 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II...................... 4
Literature elective (see note 1)................................... 3
Arch. E. 102. Descriptive Geometry (see note 4) .................. 2
Phys. 231. General Physics 1....................................... 4


36 / University of Colorado at Denver
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1................................ 1
Ch.E. 210. Chemical and Physical Properties of
Materials (see note 3)......................................... â–  4
Total 18
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II................................. 1
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I................................... 3
Specialty requirement: structures and construction majors take C.E. 221; environmental majors take
Arch.E. 362 (see note 4)....................................... . 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations
and Linear Algebra............................................. 4
Arch.E. 240. Building Materials and Construction
(see note 4)................................................... 3
C. E. 312. Mechanics of Materials.................................. 3
C.E. 314. Materials Testing Lab. (not required of
environmental majors).......................................... 2
Basic science elective (see note 2)................................ 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... 3
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Architectural Engineering)
1. Great Books series recommended for literature elective; see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Department approval required.
3. Chem. 103-5 may be substituted for Ch.E. 210-4, in which case the technical elective requirement is reduced by one credit hour.
4. Arch. E. 102, 240 and 362 are normally not available at UCD. An adviser-approved junior or senior course may be moved ahead.
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
David W. Hubly, Coordinator
Meeting the crisis in oil and energy, depoliuting the water and air, producing new and better materials to replace those that are limited or scarce —these are jobs in which one will find the chemical engineer.
Chemical plants (including refineries and gasification plants) convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering—oils, metals, glass, plastic, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others.
The department, located at the Boulder campus, is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also working hard on energy problems and is stressing problems of energy conversion in its instructional program.
Many essentials of life originate in chemical engineering. Recycling of wastes and resources is not a new idea in chemical engineering but a long-standing principle. Since the earth now is perceived as a self-renewing system, intelligent generalization of the recycle theory to the entire cycle of natural resources is a challenge and opportunity for chemical engineers. Cleaning up pollution from chemical
plants and from other sources is largely a chemical engineering problem. The chemical engineer efficiently uses and conserves natural resources to create valuable end products and to preserve environmental values.
Thus, chemical engineering continually changes and progresses. The Department of Chemical Engineering at the Boulder campus therefore helps students to prepare to be immediately valuable to industry and eventually to lead future developments in industry and research. Whether they plan to go into industry or on to graduate work, students are urged to watch, understand, and enjoy the sparkle and interplay of new ideas and new technologies.
The complete chemical engineering program is not available at UCD. However, for new first-year students, approximately one-half of the program is available. Students wishing to complete this program should apply for transfer to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of their junior year. Students must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours including the required freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics, physics, and organic chemistry at UCD before applying for transfer to the Boulder campus. Also, students must arrange to take Ch.E. 212 (Chemical Engineering Material and Energy Balances) concurrently in Boulder during the spring semester of their sophomore year or it will delay graduation by a year. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Students interested in chemical engineering but who are unable to consider full-time, day-time study in Boulder should discuss alternative programs with the coordinator.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Chemical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program includes:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry................................... 5
Great Books (see note 1)....................................... 3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing.................................. 2
Ch.E. 130. Introduction to Chemical Engineering
(see note 2)................................................ . 2
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II................... 4
Chem. 106. General Chemistry.................................... 5
Great Books (see note 1)....................................... 3
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing............................. 3
Social-humanistic elective ..................................... . 3
Total 18
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III................... 4
Phys. 2 31. General Physics I................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1............................... 1
Great Books (see note 1)........................................ 3
Chem. 341. Organic Chemistry.................................... 3
Chem. 343- Organic Chemistry Lab. I............................. . 1
Total 16


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 57
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra .............................................. 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II................................... 4
Great Books (see note 1)........................................ 3
Chem. 342. Organic Chemistry.................................... 3
Chem. 344. Organic Chemistry Lab. II............................ 1
Ch.E. 212. Chemical Engineering Material and
Energy Balances (see note 3)................................. . 3
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Chemical Engineering)
1. For other English options and information concerning social-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Or C.E. 130 or E.E. 130, or elective approved by the coordinator. 3- Students must arrange to take Ch.E. 212 concurrently in Boulder
during the spring semester of their sophomore year or it will delay graduation by a year.
CIVIL AND URBAN ENGINEERING
Martin L. Moody, Chairman
Civil engineering is generally the broadest field of engineering studied in American universities today. Civil engineering offers an interesting and highly challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipe lines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction industry; and in general in the rapidly expanding problems concerned with man’s physical environment and the growth of cities. Furthermore, students educated in civil engineering frequently find rewarding employment in other fields: for example, in aerospace structures, electric power generation, city planning, the process industries, industrial engineering, business management and law or medicine (after appropriate education in law or medical school). The breadth of the civil and urban engineering undergraduate program provides an excellent educational background for many fields of endeavor.
The curriculum is designed to give the student a broad knowledge of the basic engineering sciences of chemistry, mathematics (including differential equations), physics, mechanics (including fluid mechanics and soil mechanics), electrical circuits, and thermodynamics. In addition, it includes a minimum of 24 semester hours in social-humanistic studies.
Specialized training is achieved through certain required courses, followed by more advanced civil engineering electives. By proper selection of these electives the senior student who wishes to specialize may emphasize any of the four major areas of civil engineering: structures, water resources, transportation, or geotechnical engineering. To be awarded the B.S. degree, a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all C.E. courses applied to the degree.
A five-year program has been arranged for students who
wish to pursue a B.S. degree in civil engineering and a B.S. degree in business.
A student interested in a premedical option should consult with an adviser and the department chairman at the earliest possible time in order to make proper plans for an acceptable program. See Premedical Option.
Curriculum for B.S. (Civil Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I..................... 4
Literature elective (see note 1)................................ 3
E.E. 201. Introduction to Computing............................. 3
C.E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering..................... 2
C.E. 221. Plane Surveying....................................... 3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing...................................... 2
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II.................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (or Ch.E. 210)..................... 4-5
Literature elective (see note 1)................................ 3
Phys. 231. General Physics I.................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I.................................. , 1
Total 16-17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III..................... 4
Phys. 233- General Physics II..................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II................................ 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I................................... , 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ............................................... 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
Basic science elective (see note 5)............................. 1-2
C.E. 312. Mechanics of Materials.................................. 3
Technical elective................................................ 3
C.E. 314. Materials Testing Laboratory.......................... 2
Total 16-17
Junior Year Fall Semester
C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II................................. 3
C.E. 331. Theoretical Fluid Mechanics............................. 3
C.E. 350. Structural Analysis..................................... 3
C.E. 380. Soils and Foundation Engineering ....................... 3
C.E. 315-Water Quality Laboratory................................. 2
Social-humanistic elective ..................................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
C.E. 332. Applied Fluid Mechanics................................. 3
C.E. 360. Transportation Engineering.............................. 3
C.E. 457 . Design of Steel Structures (see note 4) ............. 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics......................................... 3
C.E. 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics............................. 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ . 3
Total 17


58 / University of Colorado at Denver
Senior Year Fail Semester
Geol. 207. Physical Geology I .................................... 4
C.E. 458. Reinforced Concrete Design (see note 4)................ 3
Civil engineering elective (see note 2).......................... 5
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
C.E. 460. Highway Engineering .................................. 3
Total 18
Spring Semester
C.E. 341. Sanitary Engineering.................................... 3
Civil engineering electives (see note 2) ......................... 3
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I ..................................... 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
Technical elective................................................ 3
Engineering science elective (see note 3)......................... . 3
Total 19
Notes for B.S. (Civil Engineering)
1. Courses from Great Books series recommended for literature elective; see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Civil engineering electives shall be chosen to form an integrated program, subject to the approval of the department.
3. Engineering science electives shall be taken from the list of courses approved by the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering.
4. A C.E. elective may be substituted for either (one only) C.E. 457 or 458.
5. If a 3-, 4- or 5-credit course is used, the excess may be used as either a technical or engineering science elective.
COMPUTER SCIENCE
Computer science undergraduate and graduate courses are offered by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Mathematics Department of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as service courses for other disciplines, as courses in the CLAS distributed studies major, or as part of the curriculum for the degrees B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, B.A. in mathematics (computer option), B.S. in applied mathematics (computer option), and M.S. in computer science. For further descriptions of these programs, see the information under College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Graduate School, or the paragraphs on Applied Mathematics and Electrical and Computer Engineering in this section of the bulletin.
For information on the B.S. in E.E. and C.S. and on the M.S. in computer science, call the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 629-2872.
ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
William D. Murray, Chairman
The professional possibilities in electrical engineering include teaching and research in a university; research and development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; design or operations in the electrical power industry; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government.
The electrical engineering course of study at UCD
begins with principles of physics, chemistry, and mathematics. An early, intensive training in the theory and laboratory application of electrical circuits, electromagnetic and transmission theory, electrical machines and transformers, heat, and mechanics. Many students find an opportunity to put their knowledge to work with jobs in industry or research projects being conducted at the University. Throughout the entire course of study, they reinforce their understanding of the theory in well-equipped laboratories.
Students are encouraged to develop interests outside of their electrical engineering specialty, thus providing themselves with a well-rounded background and a sense of awareness and responsibility for their later role in society. They are urged to attend meetings of their student professional society, where practicing engineers from many engineering specialties speak of their experiences.
The areas of specialization that electrical engineering students may enter upon graduation are so numerous it is impossible for the undergraduate training to cover them in detail. Intense specialization may be left to possible additional training graduates may receive when they assume positions with industrial firms, or acquired by specialization in a research field through graduate work beyond the bachelor’s degree. Students who have earned a B average or better in their undergraduate work and who have elected courses in their senior year that strengthen particularly their mathematical background may decide to undertake graduate study. The curriculum in electrical engineering is designed to make it possible for the graduating senior with high scholarship to finish a master’s degree in electrical engineering in about one additional full year of work at any of the nation’s major universities.
Electrical Engineering Curriculum
In the electrical engineering curriculum the student has considerable freedom in the senior electives. The student may select these electives to provide a good foundation in several of the seven electrical engineering areas listed: communications, digital, electronics, fields, materials, power, and systems. Some of these electives may be courses in other branches of engineering or in other colleges. Those students primarily interested in taking courses in the digital computer area may do so in this curriculum or in the joint electrical engineering and computer science degree option discussed below. To be awarded the B.S. degree, a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all E.E. and C.S. courses applied to the degree.
Business Option
Students wishing to complete a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and a B.S. degree in business should not start the business program until their fourth year, with the exception of electing Econ. 201 and 202 for two of their social-humanistic electives. Students with a B average may wish to consider obtaining a master’s degree in business administration. For both of these programs, students should refer to the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 59
Premedical Option
A program has been developed which permits the student to satisfy the entrance requirements for medical school, such as those of the University of Colorado, while earning a B.S. in electrical engineering.
Medical schools typically require that applicants have completed two semesters of general chemistry, two semesters of organic chemistry, and two semesters of general biology, all with laboratories. A course in English composition is recommended.
More specific information on medical school requirements may be obtained at the office of the Health Careers Advisory Committee at UCD.
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
The joint degree in electrical engineering and computer science is a comprehensive program covering both hardware and software aspects of computer system design. The program leads to a B.S. (E.E. and C.S.) and can be a base for further study toward either an M.S. in computer science or an M.S. in electrical engineering.
A student need not make a decision to enter this program until the junior year. The details of the program are listed in the section following the electrical engineering curriculum. Academic requirements are the same as those for the B.S. (E.E.). Should students leave the program in favor of returning to the electrical engineering curriculum, they will need to satisfy the departmental requirements of mechanics and E.E. 354, which have been waived in the electrical engineering computer option curriculum.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Electrical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I..................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2)....................... 5
E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern
Electrical Engineering........................................ 2
E.E. 257. Logic Circuits......................................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... â–  3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II.................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I.................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1................................ 1
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................... 2
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing.............................. 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... â–  3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.................... 4
Phys. 233- General Physics II.................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II............................... 1
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I .................................... 4
E.E. 253. Circuits Lab. I........................................ 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... â–  3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ................................................. 4
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics........................................... 3
E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II....................................... 4
E.E. 254. Circuits Lab. II.......................................... 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Electives (see note 4)............................................ 2
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I.................................. 3
E.E. 321. Electronics 1............................................. 3
E.E. 361. Electronics Lab. I ....................................... 2
C.E. 313. Applied Mechanics (see note 3)............................ 3
E.E. 381. Introduction to Probability Theory........................ 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. . 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II................................. 3
E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I....................................... 3
E.E. 322. Electronics II............................................ 3
E.E. 331. Linear System Theory...................................... 3
E.E. 362. Electronics Lab. II....................................... 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. . 3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 354. Power Lab. I.............................................. 2
Electives (see note 4)............................................. 12
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. . 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Electives (see note 4)............................................. 14
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. . 3
Total 17
Notes for B.S. (Electrical Engineering)
Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete sophomore level courses before taking junior level courses and should have completed their junior level E.E. courses before starting their 400-level electives.
1. Of the 24 hours of required social-humanistic electives, a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one social-humanistic elective course. See the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Or Ch.E. 210.
3. The mechanics requirement may be satisfied by the 3-hour course, C.E. 313, or the 6-hour sequence of C.E. 212 and C.E. 311. Students who first take E.E. 313 may, with permission, take only C.E. 311.
4. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which he/she is most likely to concentrate after graduation. Usually these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 levels. In all cases the student needs the approval of the undergraduate adviser.
Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas: communications (C), digital (D), electronics (E), fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a minimum breadth of studies, every student’s program must include 9 semester hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a minimum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribution requirements could be met through Independent Study, E.E. 940 (1-3)


60 / University of Colorado at Denver
or E.E. 950 (1-3), only if the subject matter studied is actually in the appropriate area. Independent study may be used only once to satisfy part of the distribution requirements.
A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the technical electives.
The student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics. Some preliminary consulting with a department graduate adviser is desirable.
Curriculum for B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I...................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2)........................ 5
E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern
Electrical Engineering......................................... 2
E.E. 257. Logic Circuits........................................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ â–  3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math .241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II..................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics 1....................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1................................ 1
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing..................................... 2
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing................................ 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ â–  3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III...................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II............................... 1
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I .................................... 4
E.E. 253. Circuits Lab. I.......................................... 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ................................................ 4
E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II...................................... 4
E.E. 254. Circuits Lab. II......................................... 1
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics.......................................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ 3
Electives (see note 3)........................................... 2
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I................................. 3
E.E. 321. Electronics 1............................................ 3
E.E. 361. Electronics Lab. I ...................................... 2
E.E. 381. Introduction to Probability.............................. 3
E.E. 351. Introduction to Computer Engineering..................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ â–  3
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II................................ 3
E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I...................................... 3
E.E. 322. Electronics II........................................... 3
E.E. 331. Linear System Theory..................................... 3
E.E. 362. Electronics Laboratory II................................ 2
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... 3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 453. Assembly Language Programming ....................... 3
E.E. 459-Computer Organization.................................. 3
Math. 465. Numerical Analysis (see note 4)...................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)......................... 3
Electives (see note 3)........................................ 5
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 460. Computer Lab.......................................... 2
E.E. 401. Programming Languages................................. 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)......................... 3
Electives (see note 3)........................................ 9
Total 17
Notes for B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In planning their programs, students should consider prerequisite and corequisite requirements of courses and should plan to complete courses at the junior level before taking senior electives.
1. Of the 24 hours of social-humanistic electives a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one social-humanistic elective course. See the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Or Ch.E. 210.
3. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which he/she is most likely to concentrate after graduation. Usually these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 levels. In all cases the student needs the approval of the undergraduate adviser.
Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas: communication (C), digital (D), electronics (E), fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a minimum breadth of studies, every student’s program must include at least 9 semester hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a minimum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribution requirements could be met through E.E. 400 (1 to 3), and E.E. 500 (1 to 3), shown in each area, only if the subject matter studied is actually in the appropriate area. E.E. 400(1 to 3), and E.E. 500 (1 to 3) may be used only once to satisfy pan of the distribution requirements.
A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the electives.
E.E./C.S. majors are advised to take E.E. 551 or E.E. 559 to obtain additional depth in computers. A course in abstract mathematics (Math. 300) or finite mathematics (Math. 413) is recommended as an additional elective.
The student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics. Some preliminary consulting with a departmental graduate adviser is desirable.
4. E.E. 455, Computer Techniques in Engineering, may be substituted.
ENGINEERING DESIGN AND ECONOMIC EVALUATION
In the fall of 1978, the Engineering Design and Economic Evaluation program was merged with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. The ErD.E.E. degree will not be offered to new students. However, courses in design and economic evaluation have been retained and are administered through the Department of Mechanical Engineering.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 61
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
William R. Simmons, Coordinator
The engineering physics curriculum gives students a thorough foundation in the physical principles underlying most of engineering. The large number of engineering electives which may be incorporated in the curriculum makes it possible for students to prepare themselves for professional work or graduate school in a wide variety of fields. Because the program is particularly flexible, the student should be aware that proper preparation for his/her professional field will require careful selection of engineering electives. The student is urged to prepare, in consultation with the departmental coordinator, a coherent plan of courses to meet his/her professional objectives.
During the freshman and sophomore years, the student must attain a thorough training in mathematics and a grounding in fundamental methods and principles of the physical sciences.
During the junior and senior years the work in physics is amplified to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the various branches of physics such as nuclear physics, atomic physics, electronics, thermodynamics, mechanics, electricity, and magnetism. Individual initiative and resourcefulness are stressed. For purposes of federal Civil Service requirements this degree is an engineering degree from an accredited College of Engineering. Students who plan to become registered professional engineers should check the requirements for registration in their state before choosing their engineering electives.
It is recommended that students preparing for Graduate School also prepare for its foreign language requirement as part of their undergraduate curriculum.
At present, the Bachelor of Science degree in engineering physics is awarded on the Boulder campus only; therefore, in order to earn a bachelor’s degree in engineering physics from the Department of Physics a student must, in addition to any other requirements, successfully complete 30 semester hours of courses on the Boulder campus, including 12 semester hours in upper division physics courses.
Applied Physics Option
It is also possible to earn the degree Bachelor of Science (Engineering Physics) with an applied physics option. This option differs from the regular engineering physics degree primarily in that fewer advanced theoretical physics courses are required and in their place a selection of applied science courses is required. This option should not be selected by students intending to pursue graduate study in physics, but it is appropriate for students intending to pursue graduate work or employment in related fields such as geophysics, environmental science, oceanography, nuclear engineering, medicine, and law. Students intending to pursue this option should consult the coordinator by the beginning of their junior year regarding the electives which they wish to propose. The 24 hours of electives in pure or applied natural science must be approved by the engineering physics advising committee, which is located on the Boulder campus. The committee will consider the proposed courses relative to the student’s stated educational and/or professional objectives. At least 30 semester
hours of credit must be earned after the student’s proposed program is approved.
Curriculum for B.S. (Engineering Physics)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I...................... 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................... 2
Social-humanistic electives (see note 1)......................... 6
Phys. 111. General Physics (see note 8).............................. 4
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II..................... 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... 3
Phys. 112. General Physics (see note 8).......................... 4
Phys. 114. Experimental Physics (see note 8)..................... 1
C.S. 210. Fundamentals of Computing.............................. 3
Elective (see note 2).............................................. . 2
Total 17
Sophmore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III...................... 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... 3
Phys. 213. General Physics (see note 8).......................... 3
Phys. 215. Experimental Physics (see note 8)..................... 1
Electives (see note 2)............................................. 6
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra .............................................. 4
Chem. 202. General Chemistry (see note 3)......................... 4
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ 3
Phys. 214. Introductory Modern Physics (see note 8).............. 3
Electives (see note 2).............................................. , 4
Total 18
Junior Year Fall Semester
Upper division mathematics elective................................ 3
Phys. 317. Junior Lab. (see note 8)................................ 2
Phys. 321. Classical Mechanics and Relativity...................... 4
Phys. 331. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism............... 3
Elective (see note 2).............................................. 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. . 3
Total 18
Spring Semester
Phys. 318. Junior Lab.............................................. 2
Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics....................................... 3
Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism............... 3
Phys. 341. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics................ 3
Chem. 453. Physical Chemistry (see note 4)......................... 3
Chem. 454. Physical Chemistry Lab. (see note 4).................... . 2
Total 16
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 403. Electronics (see note 6)................................. 2
E.E. 443. Electronics Lab. (see note 6)............................ 1
Phys. 491. Atomic and Nuclear Physics.............................. 3
Phys. 495. Senior Lab.............................................. 2
Electives (see note 2)............................................. 6
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ . 3
Total 17


62 / University of Colorado at Denver
Spring Semester
Phys. 492. Atomic and Nuclear Physics............................... 3
Phys. 496. Senior Lab. (see notes 5 and 8)........................ 2
Electives (see note 2).............................................. 9
Social-humanistic electives (see note 1)............................ . 3
Total 17
Curriculum for B.S. (E.Physics)—
Applied Physics Option
The first five semesters are identical to the regular engineering physics curriculum listed above. The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives.
Junior Year
Spring Semester Semester Hours
Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics........................................ 3
Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism................. 3
Upper division thermodynamics elective.............................. 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Electives (see note 7).............................................. â–  4
Total 16
Senior Year Fail Semester
E.E. 403- Elements of Electronics (see note 6)...................... 2
E.E. 443. Elements of Electronics Laboratory (see note 6).......... 1
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Electives (see note 7)............................................ 11
Total 17
Spring Semester
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Electives (see note 7)............................................ 14
Total 17
Notes for B.S. (Engineering Physics)
1. A total of 24 hours of social-humanistic electives is required. These must include 6 hours of literature and 6 hours selected from economics, sociology, political science, history, and anthropology. The other 12 hours must be selected from the above subjects and/or fine arts and music (critical or historical only), philosophy, and psychology. (However, up to 6 hours of the 12 may include courses from English composition, technical writing, public speaking, and a foreign language.)
2. Required and elective engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) must total 22 semester hours.
3. Chem. 202 is offered only at the Boulder campus. UCD students may substitute Chem. 103 and 106 for Chem. 202.
4. Chem. 453 and 454 are offered only at the Boulder campus. One semester of any upper division chemistry course with associated laboratory may be substituted for physical chemistry.
5. Or Phys. 455, or approved 3-hour physics elective.
6. E.E. 403 and 453 are offered only at the Boulder campus. UCD students may substitute E.E. 321 and 361.
7. The elective courses are divided into three exclusive groups: (1) Physics electives. These must be five hours from among Phys. 318, 341, 361, 365, 366, 367, 446, 451, 455, 461, 462, 491, 492, 495, 496, 500, 501, 503, 504, and 580 —Boulder campus course numbers. (2) Applied natural science electives (24 semester hours, minimum). These must include 4 hours of upper division laboratory courses and sufficient engineering courses so that the total of engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) is at least 22 semester hours. (3) Other courses.
8. See the E.Phys. coordinator.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Ralph C. Koeller, Associate Chairman
The mechanical engineering curriculum begins with a strong emphasis on mathematics, physics, and chemistry.
It continues with a concentration in engineering sciences such as solid and fluid mechanics; thermodynamics, heat and mass transport; materials; and systems analysis and control. It concludes with laboratory and design courses which demonstrate the ways in which scientific knowledge is applied in the design and development of useful devices and processes.
The mechanical engineering program may be roughly subdivided into two-year groupings. In the first two years, the program emphasizes the fundamentals of those engineering sciences that are essential for an understanding of most branches of professional engineering. Because broad and varied demands are imposed on the mechanical engineer, the department provides two plans —A and B —for the curriculum leading to the degree Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering. The plans are designed to accommodate the professional objectives of the individual student.
Plan A specifies a typical mechanical engineering curriculum and is intended for those students who wish to obtain a broad, general education in mechanical engineering without an emphasis on any of the specific professional aspects.
Plan B is designed for students who know what they intend to do upon graduation. It allows the student to pursue any course plan that meets a valid professional objective and has been approved by the undergraduate adviser. Under Plan B, the specific requirements of the program are determined after a detailed conference with the adviser. In the course of this conference, the professional objectives of the individual student are studied in detail, and a specific plan (with a minimum of 136 credit hours) is designed to meet these objectives. With liberal use of courses throughout the University, the following may be considered typical among the professional concentrations which can be achieved:
Thermodynamics Heat transfer Fluid mechanics Solid mechanics Electromechanical systems
Design
Power
Dynamics and controls Materials science Thermomechanical systems
All of the required courses for mechanical engineering are offered at UCD.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Mechanical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fail Semester Semester Hours
Great Books (see note 1)...................................... 3
M.E. 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering............... 2
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I .................. 4
E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing............................ 3
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2)...................... . 5
Total 17


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 63
Spring Semester
Great Books (see note 1)...................................... 3
Phys. 231. General Physics 1.................................. 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1............................. 1
Math .241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II.................. 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing.................................. 2
Social-humanistic elective....................................... â–  3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
M.E. 281. Mechanics I (see note 3).............................. 3
Great Books (see note 1)........................................ 3
Phys. 233. General Physics II................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II.............................. 1
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III.................... . 4
Total 15
Spring Semester
M.E. 282. Mechanics II (see note 3)............................. 3
Approved physics elective....................................... 3
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra ............................................. 4
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics....................................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1).......................... â–  3
Total 16
Junior Year Fall Semester
M.E. 312. Thermodynamics II..................................... 3
M.E. 314. Measurements!......................................... 2
M.E. 362. Heat Transfer......................................... 3
M.E. 371. Systems Analysis I (see note 4)....................... 3
M.E. 383. Mechanics III......................................... 3
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)....................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
M.E. 301. Introduction to Materials Science I..................... 3
M.E. 316. Measurements II......................................... 2
M.E. 372. Systems Analysis II (see note 4)........................ 3
M.E. 384. Mechanics IV............................................ 3
M.E. 385. Mechanics V............................................. 3
Technical electives............................................... . 4
Total 18
Senior Year Fall Semester
M.E. 442. Mechanical Engineering Lab.............................. 3
M.E. 414. Mechanical Engineering Design........................... 3
M.E. 401. Introduction to Materials Science II.................... 3
Technical electives............................................... 6
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... â–  3
Total 18
Spring Semester
Social-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
Technical electives ............................................ 15
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering)
1. For other English options and information concerning social-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Or Ch.E. 210.
3. M.E. 281 and M.E. 282 are offered only on the Boulder campus. UCD students may substitute C.E. 212 and C.E. 311 for M.E. 281 and M.E. 282.
4. M.E. 371 and M.E. 372 are offered only on the Boulder campus. UCD students may substitute E.E. 213 and E.E. 413 for M.E. 371 and M.E. 372.


ifJLllilila
Graduate School
Bruce W. Bergland, Acting Associate Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL
The Graduate School is a University-wide body which authorizes programs within its constituent colleges and schools. At UCD, Business and Administration (except the M.B.A. Executive program), Education, Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music are colleges or schools whose graduate programs are offered through the Graduate School. In concept, there is a single Graduate School regardless of campus. In practice, most master’s-level programs are specific to the campus where the student is admitted, insofar as particular options and advisers are concerned.
Doctoral-level programs in a discipline are viewed as the responsibility of the entire University community of that discipline. At the present time all Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the corresponding Boulder department. However, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver and the research adviser may be a member of the UCD faculty. Some departments in which this is the case are communication and theatre, electrical engineering, and civil engineering. In other disciplines, a significant portion of the course work required for the Ph.D. degree may be taken at UCD. Persons interested in pursuing doctoral-level work should consult with the appropriate discipline graduate adviser.
Anyone wishing further information not given in this bulletin should contact the Associate Dean of the Graduate School, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Degrees Offered
The following graduate programs are authorized for completion through the Graduate School at UCD. In some cases, a specific required course may only be offered through the University of Colorado at Boulder in a given year.
The Master of Education (M.Ed.) and the Master of Arts (M.A.) in:
Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations, education Guidance and Counseling Initial Certification Program
(certification only or certification and M.A. in elementary or secondary education)
Library media Reading
Secondary education Special education
The Master of Science (M.S.) in:
Accounting Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Computer science Electrical engineering
Environmental science Finance
Management and organization Management science Marketing
Mechanical engineering
The Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.)
The Master of Engineering (M.E.)
The Master of Humanities (M.H.)
The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.)
Significant course work can be taken at the Denver campus in the following master’s degree programs:
Education-administration and supervision
Fine arts
Geology
Philosophy
The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in:
Biology
Communication and theatre English
Significant course work is available at the Denver campus in the programs listed below. Students can be resident on the Denver campus studying in these areas in order to take advantage of the multi-campus activities of the Graduate School. It is usually advised that a student complete some course work at another campus of the University.
Chemistry Geography
Civil engineering Psychology
Electrical engineering
The Master of Arts (M.A.) in:
Anthropology History
Biology Mathematics
Communication and theatre Political science
Economics Psychology
English Sociology
Geography
Facilities for Graduate Study and Research at UCD
Facilities for research in many fields are available at UCD as well as specialized institutes, seminars, and meetings of national standing.


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The Graduate Student at UCD
Approximately 1,950 students are enrolled in graduate programs at UCD each fall and spring semester, and an additional 1,875 special students take graduate courses. Of these, approximately 45 percent are part-time students.
Faculty
The faculty operating in these programs is mainly housed at UCD, although resources of other University of Colorado campuses are used.
Financial Aid for Graduate Study
SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS
The University of Colorado administers various forms of financial aid for graduate students: fellowships, scholarships, and a number of awards from outside agencies.
The Graduate School each year awards to qualified regular degree graduate students approximately 50 Colorado Doctoral Fellowships paying up to $3,500 plus tuition.
Special fellowships and scholarships are also available for study in certain departments. Colorado Graduate Grants are also available to students who can show demonstrated need. For details contact the Graduate School office.
Applications for fellowships, scholarships, and grants are due in the department before the announced department deadline. Fellowship awards are announced about March 15; Colorado Graduate Grant awards are announced each semester for the following semester.
GRADUATE STUDENT TEACHING APPOINTMENTS
Many departments employ graduate students as part-time instructors or teaching assistants. The instructorship is reserved for those advanced graduate students already possessing an appropriate M.A. degree who may be independently responsible for the conduct of a section or course. Payment for these teaching appointments in 1981-82 was: one-half time instructor, $6,976 for the academic year; one-half time teaching assistant, $5,580 for the academic year.
A half-time appointment for an instructor is considered to be equal to 6 class contact hours; a half-time teaching assistant is appointed for 20 hours per week. Compensation is based on the number of appointment hours per week. Nonresident students employed as assistants may or may not be eligible for the nonresident tuition differential stipend for their first-year appointment as an assistant only. Exceptions extending beyond the first year must be approved in advance by the respective dean. Teaching assistants and instructors must be enrolled students in good standing for the full period of their appointment.
RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS
Research activities provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain part-time work as research assistants in many departments. General fund research assistantships are subject to the one-year rule on eligibility for waiver of the nonresident tuition differential. Nonresident students who are appointed as research assistants in nongeneral
fund accounts may or may not be eligible for resident tuition rates. Assistants must be enrolled students.
LOAN FUNDS
Graduate students wishing to apply for long-term loans through the National Direct Student Loan Program and for part-time jobs through the college work-study program should submit an Application for Financial Aid to the Office of Financial Aid by March 1. This office also provides short-term loan assistance to students who have completed one or more semesters in residence. Short-term loans are designed to supplement inadequate personal funds and to provide for emergencies. Applicants should go directly to the Office of Financial Aid.
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
The University maintains an employment service in the Office of Financial Aid to help students obtain part-time work either through conventional employment or through the college work-study program.
Students employed by the University are hired solely on the basis of merit and fitness, a policy which avoids favor or discrimination because of race, color, creed, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. Students are also referred to prospective employers in accordance with this policy.
INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION
The Office of International Education expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships.
The office also arranges study abroad programs. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign universities. A B average with the equivalent of two years of college-level work in the appropriate language is required. There are also occasional summer programs offering academic credit.
Peace Corps information may be obtained from the Office of International Education.
For additional information contact the Office of International Education, Boulder Campus, 492-7741.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
General Requirements
Students may be admitted to the Graduate School in either of the two categories described below.
Admission to the Graduate School is not admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. A student who wishes to become a candidate for a degree must make special application at the time and in the manner prescribed by the requirements for the degree sought.
A student who is granted admission must reflect in a moral and ethical sense a personal background acceptable to the University.
The University reserves the right to deny admission to applicants whose total credentials reflect an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University and relevant to any of its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution.


66 / University of Colorado at Denver
REGULAR DEGREE STUDENTS
Qualified students are admitted to regular degree status by the appropriate department. In addition to departmental approval, an applicant for admission as a regular degree student must:
1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or university of recognized standing, or have done work equivalent to that required for such a degree and equivalent to the degree given at this University.
2. Show promise of ability to pursue advanced study and research, as judged by his or her previous scholastic record.
3. Have had adequate preparation to enter upon graduate study in the field chosen.
4. Have at least a 2.75 undergraduate grade-point average on all work taken.
5. Meet additional requirements for admission as established by major departments.
Regular degree students must maintain at least a 3-0 grade-point average each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether it is to be applied toward the advanced degree intended or not. Students who fail to maintain this standard of performance will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School.
Pass/Fail Grades. In order to permit a meaningful evaluation of an applicant’s scholastic record, not more than 10 percent of those credit hours that are relevant to the intended field of graduate study shall have been earned with pass/fail grades, nor more than 20 percent overall. Applicants whose academic record contains a larger percentage of pass/fail credits must submit suitable additional evidence that they possess the required scholastic ability. If the applicant does not submit satisfactory additional evidence, he or she can be admitted only as a provisional student.
PROVISIONAL DEGREE STUDENTS
Applicants who do not meet the requirements for admission as regular degree students may be admitted as provisional degree students upon the recommendation of the major department. With the concurrence of the dean of the Graduate School, a department may admit provisional students for a probationary term, which may not normally exceed one academic year. At the end of the probationary period, provisional degree students must either be admitted to regular degree status or be dropped from the graduate program.
Credit earned by persons in provisional degree status may count toward a degree at this University.
Provisional degree students are required to maintain a
3.0 grade-point average or higher, as may be required by the terms of their provisional admission, each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether or not it is to be applied toward the advanced degree sought. If students fail to maintain such a standard of performance, they will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School.
Note: All provisional applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination and submit scores as part of the application.
Application Procedures
Graduate students who expect to study at UCD should contact the UCD Graduate School office concerning procedures for forwarding completed applications.
An applicant for admission must present a completed Application Form (Parts I and II), which may be obtained from the UCD Graduate School office, and two official transcripts from each university attended. The application must be accompanied by a nonrefundable application processing fee of $20 (check or money order) when the application is submitted. No application will be processed unless this fee is paid. Many departments require scores from the Graduate Record Examination, and most departments require three or four letters of recommendation.
When a prospective degree student applies for admission, the chairman of each department or a committee named for the purpose shall decide whether the applicant shall be admitted and shall make that decision known to the Office of Admissions and Records, which will inform the student. Persons not wishing to work toward an advanced degree are referred to as special students (below).
A completed application must be in the office of the major department at least 60 days prior to the term for which admission is sought or earlier as may be required by the major department.
Students who wish to apply for a graduate student award for the academic year 1982-83, e.g., fellowship, scholarship, assistantship, etc., must file a completed application with the department before the announced departmental deadline (see previous section on financial aid).
Foreign students should have completed applications on file in the Graduate School office prior to March 15 for summer and fall and August 1 for the spring semester.
All credentials presented for admission to the University of Colorado become the property of the University.
SENIORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO
A senior in this University who has satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who needs not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet his/her requirements for a bachelor’s degree, may be admitted to the Graduate School by special permission of the dean.
GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS
At the option of any department, the Graduate Record Examination may be required of applicants for assistant-ships, or of any student before his or her status is determined.
Students who are applying for the fall of 1983 take the GRE no later than the December testing date so that their scores will be available to the graduate awards selection committee. Four to six weeks should be allowed for GRE scores to be received by an institution.
Information regarding these examinations may be obtained from the Graduate School office or the UCD Testing Office, or from the Educational Testing Service, Box 1502, Berkeley, California 94701, or Box 955, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.


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READMISSION OF FORMER AND SUSPENDED STUDENTS
Students who were previously admitted to a graduate degree program but who did not complete that degree and who have not been continuously registered at the University must:
1. Clarify their status with the department to determine their eligibility to return and pursue the same degree.
2. After receiving departmental approval, as indicated above, submit a former student application to the Office of Admissions before deadlines are passed for the term in which they expect to return to the University. Application deadlines are available from the department.
In some instances, students who have left the degree program to which they were formerly admitted must submit a new graduate application form and be reconsidered for admission by the department concerned.
Former students who wish to change from undergraduate to graduate status or from one major to another must complete the appropriate forms at the time they apply for readmission.
Students transferring from one campus to another must apply and be accepted to the new campus.
A student admitted to the Graduate School for the master’s program must reapply for admission for the doctoral program.
A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student’s major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee.
SPECIAL STUDENTS
A student not wishing to earn an advanced degree from the University of Colorado should apply to the Office of Admissions and Records, UCD, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Office of the Associate Dean of the Graduate School. Special students will be allowed to register only on the campus to which they have been admitted.
Special students desiring to pursue a graduate degree program at this University are encouraged to submit the complete graduate application and supporting credentials as soon as possible.
A department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of as much as 8 hours of credit toward the requirements of a master’s degree for courses taken either as a student at another recognized graduate school, as a special student at the University, or both. In addition, the department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of credit for courses taken as a special student at this University during the term for which the student applied for admission to the Graduate School, provided such admission date was delayed through no fault of the student. A grade of B or better must be obtained in any course work transferred in this manner.
REGISTRATION
Course Work and Examinations
On the regular registration days of each semester, students who have been admitted to the Graduate School and who expect to study in the Graduate School are required to complete appropriate registration procedures.
Students should register for classes the semester they are accepted into Graduate School. If unable to attend that semester they must notify the department which has accepted them and submit the necessary forms to the Office of Admissions and Records at UCD in order to attend the following semester.
Changes in Registration
A student who wishes to drop a course or take it for no credit should follow the drop/add standard procedure (see current Schedule of Courses). Note that after the tenth week of classes a graduate student may not drop, add, or change a course to no credit without presenting a letter to the associate dean of the Graduate School, UCD Administration Building, Room 706, stating the exceptional circumstances which justify the change. This letter, endorsed by the instructor of the course, must accompany the properly signed and completed drop/add card or no-credit option form.
Master's Thesis or Report
Graduate students working toward master’s degrees, if they expect to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.)
Limitation of Registration
FULL LOAD
A graduate student will be considered to be carrying a full load during a regular semester for purposes of determining residence credit if the student is registered for not fewer than 5 semester hours in work numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis.
A full load for purposes of determining residence credit during the summer term is 3 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or 6 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis.
For the number of hours required for financial aid see Financial Aid at the University of Colorado at Denver in the General Information section of this bulletin.


68 / University of Colorado at Denver
MAXIMUM LOAD
No graduate student may receive graduate credit toward a degree for more than 15 hours in a regular semester.
The maximum number of graduate credits that may be applied toward a degree during a summer term at UCD is 10 hours per 10-week summer term.
TUITION AND FEES
The schedule of tuition and fees is given in the General Information section of this bulletin.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED DEGREES
Quality of Graduate Work
Although the work for advanced degrees is specified partly in terms of credit hours, an advanced degree will not be conferred merely for the completion of a specified period of residence and the passing of a given number of courses. Students should not expect to get from formal courses all the training, knowledge, and grasp of ideas necessary to meet the requirements for an advanced degree. They should work on their own initiative, reading widely and thoughtfully, reaching their own conclusions, and acquiring a sense of values, perspective, and proportion.
All studies offered for credit toward an advanced degree (except those in deficiencies) must be of graduate status.
A student is expected to maintain at least a B average in all work attempted in Graduate School.
For the Ph.D., a course mark below B is unsatisfactory and will not be counted toward fulfilling the minimum requirements for the degree.
A student who fails to do satisfactory work will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School by the dean with the approval of the major department.
Appeal may be made to the Executive Committee of the Graduate School. The committee’s decision shall be final. A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student’s major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee.
Grading System
The standing of a student in work intended for an advanced degree is to be indicated by the marks A, B, and C. A — Superior, 4 credit points for each credit hour.
B — Goody 3 credit points for each credit hour.
C — Fair, 2 credit points for each credit hour.
Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. Marks below B are not accepted for the doctoral degree.
An /For an IWgrade may be given for incomplete work at the discretion of the instructor. For details, refer to the discussion of the uniform grading system. The grade of IP
(in progress) will be given for continuing thesis work and will be valid until the thesis is completed.
A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she obtained a grade of C, D, or F upon written recommendation to the dean by the chairman of the advisory committee and the chairman of the department, provided the course has not previously applied toward a degree.
Graduate students may register for undergraduate courses on a pass/fail basis; however, graduate credit will not be awarded, and such courses cannot be applied toward a graduate degree.
Use of English
A student who is noticeably deficient in the use and spelling of the English language may not obtain an advanced degree from the University of Colorado. The satisfaction of this requirement depends not so much upon the ability to pass formal tests, although these may be demanded, as it does upon the habitual use of good English in all oral and written work. Ability to use the language with precision and distinction should be cultivated as an attainment of major importance.
Each department will judge the qualifications of its advanced students in the use of English. Reports, examinations, and speech will be considered in estimating the candidate’s proficiency.
MASTER'S DEGREE
A student regularly admitted to the Graduate School and later accepted as a candidate for the degree Master of Arts, Master of Science, or other master’s degree will be recommended for the degree only after the following requirements have been met.
In general, only graduates of an approved institution who have a thorough preparation for their proposed field of study and who do graduate work of high quality are able to attain the degree with the minimum amount of work specified below. All studies offered toward the minimum requirement for the degree must be of graduate rank. Necessary additional work required to make up deficiencies or prerequisites may be partly or entirely undergraduate courses.
The requirements stated below are minimum requirements; additional conditions set by the department will be found in the announcements of separate departments. Any department may make further regulations not inconsistent with the general rules.
Minimum Requirement
The minimum requirement of graduate work for the degree Master of Arts or Master of Science may be fulfilled by following either Plan I or Plan II below.
Plan I: By presenting 24 semester hours of graduate work, including a thesis. At least 12 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.
Plan II: By presenting 30 semester hours of graduate work, without a thesis. At least 16 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.
Plan II does not represent a free option for the student.


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A candidate for the master’s degree may be allowed to select Plan II only on the recommendation of the department concerned.
Graduate Credit
Graduate credit is given for courses which are listed at the 500 level or above and which are offered by those colleges or schools that are members of the Graduate School, or which have otherwise been approved by the dean of the Graduate School. No assurance can be given that work taken by a student will count toward a higher degree unless the student has the approval of the department.
Not all courses listed are available at any one time; some of them are given in alternate years.
Courses taken during the fall semester 1975 and thereafter will have graduate rank if they are taught by members of the Graduate School faculty and are in one of the following two categories:
1. Courses within the major department at the 500 level or above.
2. Courses outside the major department at any level, provided they are approved for graduate rank for a specific degree plan by the faculty of the degree-granting program.
This does not change the minimum number of courses that must be taken at the 500 level or above. However, as a result, most students who include 400-level courses of other departments in their program will not exceed those minimum requirements for graduation.
Field of Study
Studies leading to a master’s degree may be divided between major and minor subjects at the discretion of the faculty of the degree-granting program.
Status
After a student has made a satisfactory record in this University for at least one semester or summer term and after he has removed any deficiencies that were determined at the time of admission or by qualifying examinations or otherwise, he should confer with his major department and request that a decision be made on his status. This definite status must be set by his major department before a student may make application for admission to candidacy for an advanced degree.
Students who are inadequately prepared must make up without credit toward a graduate degree all prerequisites required by the department concerned.
Language Requirements
Candidates must have such knowledge of ancient and modern languages as each department requires. See special departmental requirements.
Credit by Transfer
Resident graduate work of high quality done in a recognized graduate school elsewhere and coming within the time limit may be accepted up to a limited amount, provided it is recommended by the department concerned and approved by the dean of the Graduate School.
All work accepted by transfer must come within the 5-year time limit or be validated by special examination.
The maximum amount of work that may be transferred to this University is 8 semester hours.
Credit will not be transferred until the student has established in the Graduate School of this University a satisfactory record of at least one semester in residence; such transfer will not reduce the residence requirement at this University, but it may reduce the amount of work to be done in formal courses. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated.
Work already applied toward a master’s degree received from another institution cannot be accepted for transfer toward the master’s degree at the University of Colorado; extension work completed at another institution cannot be transferred; and correspondence work, except to make up deficiencies, is not recognized.
Excess undergraduate credits from another institution may not be transferred to the Graduate School. Seniors in this University may, however, transfer a limited amount of advanced resident work (up to 8 semester hours) provided such work:
1. Is completed with distinction in the senior year at this University.
2. Comes within the five-year time limit.
3. Has not been applied toward another degree.
4. Is recommended for transfer by the department concerned and is approved by the dean of the Graduate School.
Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated. For more information contact the Graduate School office.
Residency
In general, the residency requirements can be met only by residence at this University for at least two semesters or at least three summer terms. For full residence a student must be registered within the time designated at the beginning of a semester and must carry the equivalent of not fewer than 5 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work. See Limitation of Registration, Full Load, for requirements for full residence credit during the summer. A student who is noticeably deficient in his/her general training, or in the specific preparation indicated by each department as prerequisite to graduate work, cannot expect to obtain a degree in the minimum time specified.
Assistants and other employees of the University may fulfill the residence requirements of one year in two semesters, provided their duties do not require more than half time. Full-time employees may not satisfy the residence requirements of one year in fewer than four semesters.
Admission to Candidacy
A student who wishes to become a candidate for a master’s degree must file application in the dean’s office not later than 10 weeks prior to the completion of the com-


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prehensive final examination. The number of hours to be presented for the degree must be determined before this application may be filed. See previous section on Status.
This application must be made on forms obtainable at the dean’s office and in various departments and must be signed by the major department, certifying that the student’s work is satisfactory and that the program outlined in the application meets the requirements set for the student.
A student on Graduate School probation is not eligible to be awarded a degree until he or she is removed from probation.
Thesis Requirements
A thesis, which may be of a research, expository, critical, or creative type, is required of every master’s degree candidate under Plan I. Every thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree must:
1. Deal with a definite topic related to the major field.
2. Be based upon independent study and investigation.
3. Represent the equivalent of from 4 to 6 semester hours of work.
4. Receive the approval of the major department not later than 30 days (in some departments, 90 days) before the commencement at which the degree is to be conferred.
5. Be essentially complete at the time the comprehensive final examination is given.
6. Comply in mechanical features with specifications obtainable from the Graduate School.
Two weeks prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred, two formally approved, printed or typewritten copies of the thesis must be filed in the Graduate School. The thesis must be complete with abstract.
All theses must be signed by the thesis adviser and the second reader. All approved theses are kept on file in the library. The thesis binding fee must be paid at the Business Office on the Boulder campus when the thesis is deposited in the Graduate School.
Credit hours earned for the thesis will not be accepted toward the requirements for a degree unless such credit has previously been registered. A student working toward a master’s degree must register for thesis for a specific number of hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total registered credit for thesis must total a minimum of 4 or a maximum of 6 semester hours, the total number of hours depending upon how much credit is to be given for the thesis.
The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. An IP (in progress) will be reported for terms during which the student is registered for thesis prior to completion of the thesis.
Comprehensive Final Examinations
Each candidate for a master’s degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been completed. This examination may be given near the end of the candidate’s last semester of residence while he is still taking required courses for the degree, provided he is making satisfactory progress in those courses.
The following rules applying to the comprehensive final examination must be observed:
1. A student must be registered when he or she takes the examination.
2. Notice of the examination must be filed by the major department in the dean’s office at least three days in advance of the examination.
3. The examination is to be given by a committee of three graduate faculty members appointed by the department concerned in consultation with the dean.
4. The examination, which may be oral or written, or both, must cover the thesis, which should be essentially complete at the time, as well as other work done in the University in formal courses and seminars in the major field.
5. An examination in the minor work taken at this University is optional with the major and minor departments.
6. The examination must include all work presented for the degree not done in residence at the University of Colorado, whether in the major or minor field. The examination on transferred work will be given by representatives of the corresponding fields of study in this University.
7. A student who fails the comprehensive final examination may not attempt the examination again until at least three months have elapsed and until such work as may be prescribed by the examining committee has been completed. The student may retake the examination only once.
Master's Thesis or Report Credit
Every graduate student working toward a master’s degree who expects to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.)
Supplemental Examinations
Supplemental examinations should be simply an extension of the original examination and given immediately. If the student fails the supplemental examination, three months must elapse before he or she may attempt the comprehensive examination again.
Course Examinations
The regular written examinations of each semester except the last must be taken. Course examinations of the last semester, which come after the comprehensive final examination has been passed, may be omitted with the consent of the instructor.


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Time Limit
All work, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years or six successive summers. Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Candidates for the master’s degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity.
Deadlines for Master's Degree Candidates Expecting to Graduate During 1982-83
Deadline dates for the following can be obtained by calling the Graduate School office, 629-2663.
1. Last day for requesting transfer of credit.
2. Applications for admission to candidacy. Applications must be submitted at least 10 weeks before the student expects to take the comprehensive final examination. Students are urged to submit this form by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which they expect to receive the degree. (The form may be picked up in the department or in the Graduate School office.)
3. Last day for thesis to be approved by department.
4. Last day for scheduling of comprehensive final examination.
5. Last day for taking comprehensive final examination.
6. Last day for filing thesis in the Graduate School. At the time of filing, the thesis must be complete in all respects and must meet thesis specifications in order to be accepted by the Graduate School. Candidates whose theses are received after 5 p.m. on the indicated date will be graduated at the commencement following that for which the deadline is indicated.
Graduate Programs
ANTHROPOLOGY
The master’s program in anthropology offers general, flexible training in anthropology along with topical specialization and the opportunity to specialize in interdisciplinary, applied areas: medical anthropology and community and urban anthropology. The medical anthropology track is intended to serve students preparing for careers and those with established careers in the health care professions and related fields. Similarly, the community and urban anthropology track is intended to serve those who seek to employ anthropological concepts and methods of community analysis in public administration, development, planning, and allied fields. Working with an advisory committee, each student will tailor an individual program of studies around courses and seminars in anthropology and allied disciplines. These programs will culminate in either a master’s paper-Plan II, or master’s thesis-Plan I. A primary goal of the program is to produce graduates who are capable of understanding and proficient at resolving, in cooperation with others, the many problems of complex societies; consequently, a premium will be placed on interdisciplinary instruction and practical exercises in the design and implementation of research in a variety of settings.
More detailed descriptions of the options available
within the M.A. program may be obtained by writing to the Director of Graduate Studies, Anthropology, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th St., Denver, Colorado 80202.
Admission
Admission to the master’s program in anthropology is open to any holder of a baccalaureate degree, not necessarily in anthropology, provided he or she meets the following requirements: (1) general requirements for admission to the Graduate School (2.75 or better grade-point average for all undergraduate studies); and (2) knowledge of the fundamentals of anthropology. Applicants will be expected to have had a general introductory course in anthropology and secondary courses in ethnology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology or be able to demonstrate a mastery of materials equivalent to that which might reasonably be expected to result from such formal training. Applicants deficient in background may be admitted on a provisional basis but will be required to make up deficiencies without graduate credit during the first year in residence. A simpler alternative, when practical, would be to remove deficiencies as a special student prior to applying for admission to the graduate program.
In order to be considered for admission into the master’s program, an applicant must submit (1) two copies of transcripts from all undergraduate institutions attended; (2) Graduate Record Examination scores for verbal and quantitative aptitude; and (3) at least three letters of recommendation. Evidence of previous nonacademic anthropology-oriented work or other experience will be carefully considered, as will that of special skills relevant to anthropological research. Departmental deadlines for receipt of applications for admission to the Graduate School, including accompanying materials, is April 15 for fall entrance, November 15 for spring entrance.
Further information concerning specialization within the program, departmental admission and advising policies, etc., may be obtained by writing the Director of Graduate Studies in Anthropology. For general Graduate School requirements and application information, see beginning of graduate section of this bulletin.
Residency
A minimum of two full semesters devoted to advanced study is required by the Graduate School. Students working toward the master’s degree in anthropology will be strongly encouraged to attain that degree within three years following matriculation into the program.
Course Hours and Distribution
A minimum of 36 semester hours of credit is required for the M.A. degree in anthropology. All nonthesis course work in anthropology must be at the 500 level or above. Course work is to be distributed as follows for students pursuing an interdisciplinary specialty within the general anthropology track, the medical anthropology track, or the community and urban anthropology track:
Courses in anthropology...........15 semester hours minimum
Courses in related fields.........15 semester hours minimum


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For students pursuing a subdisciplinary specialty within the general anthropology track, course work is to be distributed as follows:
Courses in anthropology..........18 semester hours minimum
Courses in related fields........12 semester hours minimum
The remaining 6 semester hours may be met either by (Plan 1) writing a master’s thesis, for which 6 hours credit is given, or by (Plan II) taking 6 additional hours of course work if the student prefers to write a master’s paper.
Thesis or Paper
The student must either carry out an original research project and report the results in a thesis of professional quality or write a master’s paper, more limited in scope, to complete the degree. A thesis provides a valuable opportunity to initiate or pursue important, individual research objectives. The master’s paper is intended as a flexible alternative for students who wish to pursue in depth some issue or specialty topic without engaging in the sustained research effort on which a master’s thesis depends.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
See Mathematics Program.
BASIC SCIENCE, MASTER OF
Collin Hightower, Coordinator for UCD
The program leading to the Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.) degree is interdisciplinary. It provides an opportunity for present and prospective mathematics and science professionals and others to extend and/or broaden their training in computer science, mathematics, museology, and the natural and physical sciences at advanced undergraduate and graduate levels. These professionals include public school teachers, industrial scientists, engineers, business persons, and others. The student may elect the mathematics, science, or museology options as described below. Wide latitude is possible in the details of a degree plan so that students may follow a course of study most pertinent to their interests. The degree plan will be designed in conjunction with the student’s adviser and must be approved by the executive committee.
All courses credited toward the degree must be taken through the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado Springs, or Denver, over a period of five years or six successive summers.
The Master of Basic Science degree is supervised by an advisory committee appointed by the dean of the Graduate School, and application should be made to the Master of Basic Science Office, Ketchum 306, University of Colorado at Boulder, regardless of the campus which the student plans to attend.
Requirements for Admission
1. General regulations for admission to the Graduate School apply (see Requirements for Admission).
2. A student must present at least 40 semester hours in the physical and biological sciences and mathematics, preferably including one year of calculus, statistics, or com-
puter science. Students may be admitted to the program with a deficiency in calculus, statistics, or computer science requirements, but must remedy the deficiency within two years after admission, with grades of C or better.
Requirements for the Master of Basic Science Degree
1. General regulations of the Graduate School governing the award of the master’s degree apply (see Master of Arts and Master of Science) except as modified below.
2. The student is required to complete 24 semester hours of University credit for the Plan I (thesis) option and 30 semester hours for the Plan II (no thesis) option. All of these hours shall be numbered 300 and above. At least 12 of these hours shall be numbered 500 or higher, not to include thesis credit. Normally, not more than 3 hours of 500-level credit should be independent study.
3. Minimum Grade-Point Average. Courses on the 300 and 400 level will be accepted toward the degree only with grades of A or B; 500- and 600-level courses will be accepted toward the degree with grades of A, B, or C. The student must have a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his admission to the program, including courses not actually offered for the degree.
PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
Students who are not presenting a thesis for the degree must pass a final examination or prepare a paper describing a research project or other specialized study. The choice of these is at the discretion of the Administrative Committee which also must approve the candidate’s performance.
There are three basic options within the program: mathematics, museology, and science. A Plan II (no thesis) option is available in the science option.
Mathematics Option
1. A reasonable degree of competence is required in the fields of analysis, algebra, and geometry. A minimum of 15 semester hours of upper division courses (300 level or above) in mathematics must be offered for the degree, including at least 3 hours of analysis, 6 hours of algebra, and 3 hours of geometry.
2. One upper division sequence of at least 6 semester hours in any of the physical or biological sciences represented in the program. With permission, two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for the one-year sequence.
3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer sciences, to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of these 30, twelve or more hours must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school mathematics teaching, history of mathematics or science, or philosophy of mathematics or science.
Science Option
1. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in each of two of the physical or biological sciences named above. With permission, two inde-


Graduate School / IS
pendent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for one of the one-year sequences.
2. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer sciences, to complete an approved degree plan. Of the total, twelve hours or more must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school teaching, history of science or mathematics, or philosophy of science or mathematics.
Museology Option (Boulder Campus Only)
1. At least 8 but not more than 12 semester hours of courses offered by the museum. Three to 6 semester hours of courses in the College of Business and Administration of which 3 semester hours must be in the area of small business management. The total museum-business semester hours may not exceed 15.
2. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in one of the departments (other than museum) represented in the program.
3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer science, to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of the 30 hours, at least 12 hours must be numbered 500 or above.
BIOLOGY
The master’s program in biology is designed to prepare graduates for research and teaching positions, employment in business and industry, and for advanced graduate work at the doctoral level. The M. A. in biology may be obtained with an emphasis in ecology, genetics, plant science, and organismic biology (including anatomy, physiology, and development).
Two principles have guided the development of the graduate program in biology. These are (1) the belief that a student’s program should be tailored to meet the student’s specific needs or personal goals and (2) the utilization of all the University’s resource facilities, regardless of the campus on which they are located, in order to provide greater opportunity and exposure for the student.
Requirements for Admission
Applicants must hold a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university earned with an overall grade-point average of 3.0 or better. (Exceptions to this grade-point average are made, dependent upon the letters of recommendation made on the student’s behalf.) Most applicants have an undergraduate major in biology or its equivalent. Students who do not meet the minimum requirements set by the department or the Graduate School may be admitted on a provisional basis as detailed in the Graduate School information in this bulletin. The general portion of the GRE is required; the advanced biology test is recommended but not required. Applications are submitted directly to the biology graduate coordinator at UCD.
Degree Requirements
All course work taken within the department and applied toward the degree must be 500 level or above. With
the adviser’s and/or graduate committee’s approval course work at the 400 level taken outside the department may be applied toward the degree. Two types of degree plans are offered:
Plan I (with thesis) requires 24 semester hours including 4-6 hours of thesis; at least 12 of the total semester hours must be 500 level or above.
Plan II (without thesis) requires 30 semester hours of which 16 hours must be 500 level or above.
There is no core of required courses structured into the master’s degree program. A course plan is developed by the student and major professor and approved by the student’s graduate committee.
Additional Information
The student is referred to the biology graduate coordinator (629-3419) and to the Department of Biology’s Master of Arts in Biology brochure which is available in the Graduate School Office. Specific questions relating to the student’s background and specific program needs should be directed to the biology graduate coordinator.
CHEMISTRY
The M.S. degree is offered at UCD in any one of the following basic fields: analytical, bio-, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry. Additionally, problems involving application of chemical knowledge to the problems of our environment are encouraged.
The M.S. program is available to both full- and part-time students. The chemistry faculty at UCD strives to ensure that students receive excellent supervision of work and advising in the graduate program. Students enrolled in the program have a good opportunity to be appointed as teaching assistants. Research activities on the part of the chemistry faculty provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain research assistantships.
Degree Requirements
Two types of degrees are offered:
Plan I requires 24 credit hours including 15 to 20 credit hours of formal course work, 4 to 9 credit hours in research courses, the completion of a research investigation, and the presentation of a thesis.
Plan II requires 24 hours of formal course work and 6 credit hours of research without a thesis.
Prerequisite. An undergraduate major in chemistry is desirable since all students are required to pass examinations covering the major fields of chemistry. The GRE (Graduate Record Examination) scores are required. Advanced chemistry GREs are recommended.
Students who plan to enroll in the graduate program must take a qualifying examination to determine their background and qualifications for advanced study in the field of chemistry.
For further information contact the Graduate Adviser, Robert Damrauer, at 629-2646.
CIVIL ENGINEERING
Civil engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered


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through the combined departments of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering (Boulder) and Civil and Urban Engineering (Denver). Students wishing to pursue graduate work in civil engineering leading to candidacy for the M.S. or Ph.D. degrees should read carefully Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. All requirements for the M.S. and a large part of those for the Ph.D. may be completed at UCD. A pamphlet elaborating on the rules as they apply to civil engineering is available from the departmental office at UCD, UA 403, 629-2871.
No qualifying examination is required for the M.S. degree; however, in competition for all University fellowships, the Graduate Record Examination, consisting of the aptitude tests and the advanced test in engineering, is used in the evaluation of candidates. Therefore, students are advised to take this examination prior to their arrival on campus.
Programs are available in the fields of transportation, water quality and water resources, hydraulics, soil mechanics, structural mechanics, and structural design.
In each program, courses are selected by the student (under supervision of the faculty adviser) in such a way as to meet the student’s interests and the requirements of the Graduate School.
See also Master of Engineering degree.
The civil engineering program has no Ph.D. foreign language requirement other than those communication requirements established by the Graduate School. For more information write to: Chairman, Civil and Urban Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Science, UCD, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202.
Center for Urban Transportation Studies
The Center for Urban Transportation Studies (CUTS), operating under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, was established (1) to assume a leading role in the Rocky Mountain region in developing research, research facilities, and interdisciplinary graduate programs in urban transportation; and (2) to provide a central resource for information concerning urban transportation problems in the Rocky Mountain region, making available to outside organizations the expertise within the University.
Through CUTS, the departments offer interdisciplinary graduate programs and research opportunities designed to develop professionals who will be capable of dealing with the complex problems of urban transportation in a competent and meaningful manner. Degree programs are available through the College of Engineering and Applied Science, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Graduate School of Public Affairs, Graduate School of Business Administration, and College of Design and Planning. For more information call (303) 629-2873.
COMMUNICATION AND THEATRE
Applicants are admitted to the graduate program in communication and theatre on the basis of their academic records and on recommendations. While there are no specific prerequisites beyond those required by the Graduate School, students admitted who are unable to offer a substantial number of semester hours of work in the area
of their intended specialization or allied fields must expect that a significant number of additional courses and semester hours will be required of them in order to make up deficiencies.
Every student must take a diagnostic examination before completing 9 semester hours.
For every student who declares intention to qualify for an advanced degree, an adviser and committee will be selected not later than the beginning of the student’s second semester (or second summer term) in residence. It is the duty of this adviser and committee to assume the responsibility for (1) approving the student’s graduate program; and (2) evaluating the student’s qualifying examination, thesis, and comprehensive final examination.
All M.A. degree candidates are required to complete C.T. 601 or its equivalent. At least two courses (4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department or outside the departmental area(s) of concentration.
Plan I, With Thesis. After any undergraduate deficiencies have been removed, students under Plan I must normally earn 27 semester hours, of which a minimum of 16 must be earned in one major area. Four to 6 thesis credit hours may be counted toward the 27-hour requirement.
The Plan II Option W/Tis available at UCD only upon application.
Courses at the 500 level or above may be applied toward the graduate degree by graduate students in communication and theatre. Some courses are available only on the Boulder campus; inquiry should be made.
The graduate courses in communication and theatre are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
For more information, students should contact the graduate adviser at 629-2730.
COMPUTER SCIENCE
Under the auspices of the Department of Computer Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and the Department of Mathematics at UCD are offering a program leading to the M.S. in computer science. The program consists of a core of five courses required of all students and the selection of a specialty field (numerical computation, programming languages, computer systems, management science, or signal processing) in which additional courses are taken.
The program typically is as follows:
Core Courses
C.S. (E.E.) 553. Fundamental Concepts of Programming Languages C.S. (E.E.) 557. Operating Systems or
E.E. 551. Hardware-Software Interface
C.S. (Math.) 560. Numerical Analysis I C.S. 546. Automata Theory
E.E. 552. Data Structures
Specialty Field
Three or more courses in computer science, electrical engineering, mathematics, or management science, depending on the specialty selected.
Thesis or Master's Reading Course C.S. 700 or C.S. 701.


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Students may choose the thesis option (Plan I) or the nonthesis option (Plan II). Those selecting Plan I may register for 4 to 6 semester hours of credit for thesis research, working with a faculty adviser from the Boulder or Denver campus. Those selecting Plan II must take C.S. 701, the master’s reading option, offered on the Boulder campus. In both cases the student’s advisory committee usually will consist of faculty from both campuses.
Admission to the program is granted by the Department of Computer Science (Boulder). Specific mathematic background requirements include a year of university-level calculus and a year of mathematics beyond calculus. Computer science background should include the following (or their equivalents): C.S. 210, C.S. 310, D.S. 401, C.S. 453, C.S. 459, and C.S. 465. Information on the program can be obtained from the department, 492-7514 or the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at UCD, 629-2872.
ECONOMICS
The M.A. program in economics at UCD is especially directed toward two groups: (1) those who look on the M.A. as a key to career development in business or government service and (2) those who desire to go on to Ph.D. studies in economics or related fields.
In serving these constituencies, the department seeks to strike a balance between generating technical competence in handling modern quantitative techniques and providing solid grounding in several applied fields of economics. While these two aims overlap to some degree in the course offerings, prospective degree candidates should determine rather early in their studies at UCD whether to emphasize quantitative and theoretical work or applied fields, or to balance the two.
In addition to offering regularly a graduate sequence in macroeconomic and microeconomic theory, and econometrics, the department emphasizes the following: urban economics, transportation economics, resource economics, environmental economics, public finance and policy, education of economists, political economy, and mathematical economics. Persons interested in the program should contact the graduate adviser in the Department of Economics at 629-2616.
Requirements for Admission
1. General requirements of the Graduate School (including a 2.75 undergraduate cumulative grade-point average).
2. Three letters of recommendation.
3. Sixteen semester hours of undergraduate economics.
4. Acceptable Graduate Record Examination scores.
5. Two official transcripts from all colleges attended.
Degree Requirements
1. Economic Theory (Econ. 507).
2. Quantitative Methods (Econ. 581).
3. Plan I: An M.A. Thesis. Twenty-four semester hours, of which 12 must be at the 600 level and 4 semester hours of thesis credit. Thesis credit does not count toward the 12 600-level hours.
4. Plan II: Without Thesis. Thirty semester hours, of which 15 must be at the 600 level. Two fields of concentration. Each field requires 6 credit hours, but the structure is highly flexible, e.g., one field can be an internship.
EDUCATION
Graduate study in education at the University of Colorado is offered on three campuses (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) and through 14 program areas. All inquiries regarding programs at UCD should be directed to the Associate Dean’s Office, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th St., Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Associate Dean of the Graduate School at UCD.
A wide range of professional and academic interest is served by these programs. Programs of study can be undertaken in the following areas:
Administration and supervision Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations
Guidance and counseling (elementary, secondary, and agency settings)
Library media Reading
Secondary education (Mathematics education, science education, English education, social studies education)
Special education
Graduate studies in education are offered at the M.A. (thesis and nonthesis) level. In some instances, doctoral work can be taken at UCD, but only with the prior approval of a student’s adviser, and the dean’s office on both the Boulder and Denver campuses.
Outlines of each of the graduate programs of study are available upon request from the School of Education Office at UCD. Since many of the graduate degree plans are flexible and can be designed around individual student needs, it is highly desirable that the prospective candidate discuss tentative programs of studies with appropriate faculty members prior to submitting applications.
Application for Admission
A prospective candidate should request application forms from the Associate Dean, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver. The completed form should be returned to the Associate Dean, School of Education, UCD, together with a $20 application fee. The fee should be in the form of a check or money order payable to the University of Colorado. Two copies of official transcripts of all previous college and university study should be ordered by the applicant to be sent to the associate dean. Four recommendations on the forms provided, or by letter, should be furnished. At least two of these should be from college or university professors who can write with assurance about the applicant’s academic and professional achievement promise. One or two recommendations from supervisors or employers are acceptable with reference to an applicant’s ability and contribution to the enterprise with which he/she was or is associated. Application papers and all supporting documents (including GRE scores or MAT scores, see below) must be in the associate dean’s office on April 1 for summer, June 1 for fall, and October 1 for spring semester admission.


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Applicants should request the Educational Testing Service to send their scores on the aptitude test (verbal and quantitative) of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), or scores from the Miller’s Analogy Test, to the dean’s office. If an applicant has not taken the Graduate Record Examination or the Miller’s Analogy Test, he/she should arrange to do so. The GRE or MAT is administered at many centers throughout the country. Information about the GRE may be obtained from the Graduate School Office, the Student Affairs Office at UCD, the Educational Testing Service, 20 Nassau Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or the graduate office of a university in the applicant’s area.
Master's Degree
Two Master of Arts degree plans and a Master of Education plan are available, each comprising one academic year or more of graduate work beyond the bachelor’s degree. The minimum residence requirement for any master’s degree is one academic year or the equivalent, and it may be satisfied by two semesters in residence, or three full summer sessions, or any combination equal to two semesters.
DEGREE REQUIREMENTS
1. M.A. —Plan I (With Thesis). The program consists of 36 semester hours or more, including 4 semester hours for the master’s thesis. While the inclusion of a minor field is not required by the Graduate School, a student and adviser may agree on a minor, in which 4 to 8 semester hours can be applied toward degree requirements.
The M.A. thesis is written in accordance with the specifications set by the Graduate School and under the supervision of the student’s adviser. When a complete first draff is ready for final typing, the thesis must be read by a second reader appointed by the dean’s office. If the second reader approves the thesis, both the reader and the adviser will sign it when it is presented for filing with the Graduate School. If the reader does not approve, he and the student’s adviser will confer and suggest appropriate changes. Two copies are required by the Graduate School.
2. M.A.—Plan II (Without Thesis). The Plan II program includes 36 or more semester hours of graduate credit, and may include 4 to 10 hours for a minor. The minor is highly recommended in some fields of study.
3. Master of Education (M.Ed.). This program requires a minimum of 36 or more semester hours of graduate work, including a professional report for which 2 semester hours credit is granted. The professional report is prepared under the supervision of the student’s adviser, in accordance with thesis specifications issued by the Graduate School. One copy is submitted to the adviser upon completion, but none is filed with the Graduate School.
EDUCATION AS A MINOR FIELD
In M.A. programs for majors outside the School of Education, students may include education as a minor if both their major department and the dean’s office of the School of Education approve. For master’s degrees, a minor in education consists of at least 6 semester hours of study in related courses. Not more than 2 semester hours may be transferred from another institution.
Students who propose to minor in education must have had sufficient undergraduate work in education to prepare them for graduate study in the field. Appraisal of undergraduate preparation will be made by the dean’s office and the coordinator of the program area in which the proposed minor courses will be taken.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Electrical engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered through the combined Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering (Denver) and Electrical Engineering (Boulder).
Students can undertake studies toward the Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees at UCD in the areas of communication and information systems, computer hardware and software, control systems, electro-optics and holography, circuits and electronics, fields and propagation, and power systems.
A student wishing to pursue work in electrical engineering should read carefully the Requirements for Advanced Degrees section in this bulletin, and should also obtain a copy of the specific electrical engineering requirements by writing to the Director of Graduate Admissions, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado 80202. Special students and those intending to pursue a graduate program at UCD are urged to consult the departmental representative as part of their application procedure.
Master’s degree students are expected to present a thesis unless specifically exempted by the department.
The Ph.D. preliminary examination will include the following areas:
Bioengineering
Circuits (active, passive, models)
Communication theory
Computers
Control systems
Electric and magnetic fields
Energy conversion and power systems
Mathematics
Physical and semiconductor electronics
Each student must complete two sections, mathematics and the area in which he /she plans to specialize, and must present an acceptable master’s thesis or the equivalent as an indication of ability to perform independent research.
ENGINEERING, MASTER OF
The Master of Engineering degree program is administered by the Graduate School through the departments of engineering. The requirements for admission and for quality and quantity of academic work are essentially the same as for the Master of Science degree awarded in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
The principal difference between the Master of Engineering degree and the Master of Science degree is that the Master of Engineering is intended especially to meet the needs of those practicing engineers who wish to follow an integrated, interdisciplinary program of studies in engineering or in engineering and allied subjects related to the individual student’s professional work. Examples of such


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interdisciplinary programs include engineering and social sciences, engineering and biological sciences, engineering and behavioral sciences, engineering and public administration, engineering and law, and engineering and business administration.
The degree will be especially valuable for continuing education programs for engineers in industry. It will provide a framework for such persons to work toward significant goals fitted to their particular interests. The program can include courses which are made available on video tape or on live television.
The Master of Engineering degree is not intended as a means to permit a random, unguided selection of courses. Each prospective student is required to present a well-defined objective in order to be admitted to the program. In consultation with the faculty advisers, an academic program is developed to meet this objective.
The requirements for the degree are 30 credit hours plus a written report on a creative investigation which may be related to the student’s professional work. The report will be of the same general quality as that required for the thesis for the Master of Science degree and must be defended orally, but does not in itself carry credit nor require registration. It may be based upon work done for credit under independent study. At least 15 credit hours must be in engineering at the 500 level or above. As many as 15 credit hours may be taken outside of engineering. Credit in courses below the 400 level will not apply toward degree requirements.
The admission of students to graduate study, the approval of their degree programs, admission to candidacy for the degree, and the approval of the awarding of a degree are to originate through a specific department of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, in the same manner as for the established Master of Science program. An advisory committee, including not fewer than three faculty members, will be appointed for each student by his or her department. The membership of each advisory committee shall be chosen from the various interdisciplinary academic areas represented in the student’s program and will be from more than one department. The advisory committee guides the student, and is responsible for approving the individual’s degree program and admission to candidacy; and approves the student’s written report and the awarding of the degree.
Additional information about the degree may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science departmental offices.
ENGLISH
Students admitted to graduate study in English may complete all or substantially all of their course requirements for either the M.A. or Ph.D. at UCD; examinations are administered through the English department on the Boulder campus.
Admission requirements for graduate study in English include satisfactory scores on verbal and advanced (literature) parts of the Graduate Record Examination, plus at least 24 semester hours in English (exclusive of composition, creative writing and speech, and literature courses counting as credits in education, but including 6 hours of
Survey of English Literature), of which at least 16 semester hours must be in upper division work.
Students wishing to pursue graduate work in English should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. They also should obtain a copy of the brochure, Graduate Study in English, issued by the English department and should consult the adviser for graduate English studies at UCD.
All students planning to take any graduate English examination must state their intentions to the graduate adviser for English studies at UCD at least ten weeks prior to the date of the examination.
The graduate courses in English are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
For more information contact the graduate adviser at (303) 629-2730.
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
The M.S. in environmental science is an interdisciplinary degree designed to integrate the basic engineering sciences, the basic physical/natural sciences, and the socioeconomic sciences into an applicable body of knowledge. Upon completion of the degree requirements, the student should have an understanding of the physical and biological dynamics of various ecosystems; a background in environmental engineering; and an awareness of the social, economic, and aesthetic systems and values which are an integral part of any ecosystem involving human activity.
Students are required to complete a set of core courses and an in-service research project/report. Flexibility is provided through the selection of additional elective courses in various subject areas of interest to the student. It is the student’s responsibility to satisfy any undergraduate deficiencies before entering the advanced degree program or concurrent with the first two semesters of enrollment in the program.
The degree is offered through cooperation between the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Information on specific degree requirements and course options can be obtained by contacting the Division of Natural and Physical Sciences, 629-2646.
FINE ARTS
Some course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in the discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Courses at the 400 level also may be used for graduate credit as part of the minor; 500-level courses are open to qualified seniors.
The graduate courses in fine arts are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
FRENCH
At present UCD offers no French courses above 599-The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate adviser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in


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French are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD.
GEOGRAPHY
An M.A. degree program is offered at UCD emphasizing the spatial analysis of a variety of urban phenomena. Areas of specialization include urban economic/social geography, transportation, quantitative methods, demography, land use, perception, and environmental planning. Graduate training toward the Ph.D. degree is also available at UCD, but applications are presently processed by the departmental office on the Boulder campus. Flexible programs are designed to meet the needs of both full- and part-time students.
Two types of degree programs are available. Plan 1 requires a minimum of 18 credit hours of coursework and 6 credit hours of thesis research and presentation work. Plan //includes a minimum of 24 credit hours of coursework, as well as 4 to 6 independent student credit hours involving completion of a project or paper of publishable quality.
All incoming graduate students must complete three courses with three different departmental faculty within the first semester (or first year for part-time students). At least one of the three courses must be in physical geography and one in human geography. The performance in these courses will be used by a faculty committee to (1) determine the general fitness of the student to continue toward the M.A. degree and (2) identify any academic deficiencies the student may have.
For admission to the M.A. program, the student must have a bachelor’s degree in geography or some allied field. Applicants with little or no training in geography may be required to take additional course work in areas deemed necessary for completing graduate work. The GRE verbal and quantitative examinations, or their equivalent for foreign students, are required of all applicants.
For further information call the geography department, 629-2676 or 629-2590.
GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in this discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder.
More information about opportunities for Denver students is available in the UCD office of the Division of Natural and Physical Sciences, 629-2646.
HISTORY
The history faculty of the University of Colorado at Denver offers a master’s degree program which encompasses certain fields of modern history. Students applying for admission to the program should have sufficient background in history, though not necessarily a B.A. in the subject, and some knowledge of allied social sciences to afford an adequate foundation for graduate work. However, the department encourages applications from individuals interested in resuming their education.
Admission
Application forms for admission to graduate study in history are available from the UCD Graduate School office. In addition to the general admission requirements of the Graduate School, applicants for admission to the history program must take the verbal and the advanced history section of the Graduate Record Examination. Applicants may also submit a significant sample of their writing. The Admissions Committee will examine carefully all materials submitted, including transcripts and letters of recommendation, and advise that candidates make appointments for an interview.
The master’s degree in history is traditionally viewed as training for careers in education, government service, museum and archive management, or historic preservation activities as well as for further degree work in law and business management. But the degree program is also attractive to individuals who want to further their general education.
General Degree Requirements
Candidates in history must satisfy the general requirements of the Graduate School which are outlined in this bulletin. In meeting the master’s degree requirements of the Department of History candidates have two options. They must complete either 30 semester hours of course work, or 24 semester hours of course work and a thesis. Under the first option, candidates must include in the 30 hours at least 15 hours of course work at the 600 level or above and 3 hours of 700-level work in their major field. Under the second option, the 24 hours of course work must include at least 12 hours of work at the 600 level or above and 3 hours at the 700 level in the major field. The thesis (4-6 hours) counts as 700-level work. A candidate is urged to select his or her thesis, which is subject to departmental approval, by the beginning of the second semester. The writing of the thesis shall be under the supervision of the candidate’s major adviser.
Upon nearing the completion of their degree work, all candidates are required to pass a final written comprehensive examination in their major field. The examination, to be registered for in advance, will be given each semester, including summers, at announced times and will be conducted by the department.
A residency of at least one academic year is required for the degree.
Particular Requirements for the Master's Degree in History
1. Hist. 601, Historiography, is required of all graduate students.
2. Each candidate must select one of the fields listed below as a major field which shall comprise not more than 50 percent of the M.A. program:
The United States to 1865
The United States Since 1865
Modern Europe (Since 1500)
Africa
3. Each candidate must select a second field of history as his or her minor and complete 6 hours of work in that field. However, candidates selecting one of the U.S. fields


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as their major may not select the other U.S. field as their minor.
4. With the consent of their major adviser, candidates may include in their programs a minor in museology, to consist of 6 semester hours (normally Mus. 401 and Independent Study in Museology), a minor in archival and records management procedures to consist of 6 hours (normally Hist. 690 and 790), or a minor in historic preservation to consist of 6 hours.
5. With the consent of their major adviser, candidates may include in their program a minor consisting of 6 hours of work taken outside the Department of History. The minor may be chosen from the following subjects: economics, political science, psychology, sociology, anthropology, geography, philosophy, literature, art history, or education.
6. Candidates working in an area of study involving the use of a foreign language will be required by their major adviser to demonstrate proficiency in that language.
7. In history courses no grade lower than B will count toward the completion of the course work for the master’s degree.
8. Candidates may register for up to 6 hours of Independent Study (Hist. 960). In special circumstances, with consent of the major adviser, candidates may register for up to 9 hours of independent study.
Additional independent study must be approved by the department chairman upon the advice of the major adviser.
For further information concerning the master’s degree in history at UCD, direct inquiries to Chairman, Department of History, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 or telephone, (303) 629-2616.
HUMANITIES, MASTER OF
The Master of Humanities is an interdisciplinary degree offered at UCD. Its purpose is to provide an opportunity for students to broaden their understanding of the relationships among the several areas normally subsumed under the heading of humanities, e.g., communication, philosophy, the arts, literature, and the languages. The M.H. program is especially suitable for the many high school, junior high school, and elementary school teachers who find themselves in the position of having to teach in several different areas of the humanities. However the M.H. program is by no means restricted to teachers.
All courses required for the M.H. degree are offered at UCD.
Admission
Each student is required to take the Graduate Record Examination aptitude test as an aid in the planning of his/her studies for the degree.
Before entering the M.H. program, a student is expected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the humanities. Humanities, as used here, is broadly conceived to include general studies in communication, theatre, philosophy, literature, the arts, the languages, and other areas as agreed upon by the student and the Graduate School.
General requirements of the Graduate School governing the awarding of the master’s degree apply.
Degree Requirements
All courses credited toward the M.H. degree must be taken at the University of Colorado over a period not exceeding five years or six successive summers. The M.H. degree program shall be supervised by an advisory committee consisting of three members of the graduate faculty, each from a different area of the humanities.
In addition to the 3 hours for Hum. 500 (described below), candidates for the M.H. degree are expected to complete a minimum of 24 semester hours at the 500 level or higher in four of the following areas (i.e., 3-9 hours in each area):
Communication English Fine arts
French language and literature
History
Music
Philosophy
Spanish language and literature Theatre
Up to 6 hours in areas other than those listed above may be accepted as humanities as agreed upon by the student and the advisory committee.
The requirement of 3-9 hours in each area is intended to insure that the student achieves a considerable degree of breadth. On the other hand, this requirement should not be construed as precluding the student from doing additional work in one particular field in order to achieve further depth.
Within one calendar year of entering the M.H. program, the student is required to take Hum. 500 (may be repeated as 501). This is a 3-credit seminar that deals with the identity of the humanities, their place in the life of man, the various media through which they manifest themselves, and related matters. Hum. 500 (and 501 if repeated) count as part of the 30 hours required for the M.H. degree. Twenty-four of the required hours will be taken in the disciplines listed above, the remainder to be completed through Hum. 500 (and 501 if repeated).
Before completing 15 hours of course work toward the M.H., the student must meet with an advisory committee to plan the directions and emphases for the remainder of studies for the degree.
After completing the 30 hours required for the degree, the student is required to pass a comprehensive examination covering the three areas in which course work has been concentrated. It should be stressed that this examination is not a combination of three different master's degree examinations; rather, it is an opportunity for the student to display, and the faculty to view, the student’s expertise in combining significant aspects of three different fields, bringing major trends and ideas of the fields into meaningful relationships with each other. The examination will be composed and administered by the student’s advisory committee.
After satisfactory completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must present a final thesis or project. This is a substantial scholarly and/or creative exercise involving three different humanistic areas. It is supervised by the student’s advisory committee and must be performed or presented before an open seminar consisting


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of the committee and any other faculty members who wish to attend. The approved thesis or report of thesis-performance shall be recorded in the Graduate School.
Throughout this work toward the M.H. degree, the student must uphold the high standards of the Graduate School, maintaining at least a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his/her admission to the M.H. program.
Required Courses
The only course specifically required for the M.H. degree is the new Hum. 500 described above.
The 24 hours (in addition to Hum. 500) required for the degree will normally be drawn from 500-level courses which already exist at UCD.
The language requirement for the M.H. degree is fourth-semester proficiency in a language relevant to the student’s particular course of study. Such relevancy will be decided upon by the student’s advisory committee.
For further information about the Master of Humanities degree program students should contact the Division of Arts and Humanities, 629-2730.
MATHEMATICS
Two graduate degrees may be earned in mathematics: the M.A. in mathematics and the M.S. in applied mathematics. (Also see Master of Basic Science.) It is the responsibility of each individual student to see that the requirements for these degrees are satisfied at the proper time.
To begin graduate work toward one of the above degrees, a student should have at least the following preparation: 30 semester hours in mathematics including, beyond a full course in calculus, a year’s course in advanced calculus, 3 semester hours of linear algebra and either a 3-semester-hour course in higher algebra or a 3-semester-hour course in ordinary differential equations.
Students who do not have all the prerequisites for one of the advanced degrees may still be admitted provisionally if, in the faculty’s judgment, their record justifies this (but also see the Graduate School admission requirements).
For a mathematics minor for a graduate degree, a full course in calculus is a prerequisite.
Requirements for the M.A. and M.S.
The student must present 30 hours of course work, including a 6-hour minor. All mathematics courses submitted must be numbered 500 or higher. If the minor is taken outside of mathematics, the minor courses must be numbered 400 or higher.
These 30 hours must be planned in consultation with and approved by a mathematics graduate adviser.
There is no thesis requirement for either degree. However, the candidate must make a one hour oral presentation on an approved topic. A committee of two graduate faculty members is selected by the candidate to approve the topic and supervise its preparation and presentation.
There is no foreign language requirement for either master’s degree. However, students who may want to continue for a Ph.D. should satisfy at least one of the foreign language requirements before obtaining a master’s degree.
All master’s degree programs must be planned in consultation with an approved mathematics graduate adviser. Prospective candidates for a master’s degree should select a
graduate adviser and develop and file a degree program plan at the earliest possible date. Failure to do this could result in the loss of credits for courses that cannot be approved for the option selected. Contact the department for information on selecting a graduate adviser.
The department offers a wide assortment of programs leading to a master’s degree and is continuing an expansion of the applied mathematics faculty and course offerings. At present, the Master of Science in applied mathematics has the following options: (1) engineering or science applications, (2) computer science applications, (3) statistics applications, and (4) economics applications. Other options will become available as appropriate faculty are employed. For further information contact the graduate adviser at (303) 629-2646.
MUSIC
Graduate study in music at UCD is presently offered in several cooperative programs with the University of Colorado at Boulder. Varying amounts of work toward the Master of Music Education and the Master of Music degrees may be taken in Denver. Admission to these programs is achieved by application to the Office of the Associate Dean for Graduate Study, College of Music, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309-
Postbaccalaureate study in the special areas of concentration unique to UCD include composition and arranging, sound synthesis and recording, and music and media. Since these are innovative programs, prospective candidates should make personal inquiry at UCD about requirements.
The music educator intending to undertake graduate work will find the UCD programs attractive, particularly if he or she has special interests in jazz, rock, improvisation, sound synthesis and recording, and the repertory associated with today’s youth.
The composer-arranger-performer-producer who seeks graduate training in the fields of recording, television, and music for advertising also will find UCD responsive to his or her needs.
Applied Music Policy
All performance standards, requirements, and credits specified for a particular music degree in this College do not necessarily transfer and become acceptable for any other music degree within the College. Additional information on this policy is available from the Office of the Associate Dean, UCD College of Music.
PHILOSOPHY
Applicants for admission to the Graduate School for work toward an M.A. or Ph.D. degree with a major in philosophy are expected to have had 18 or more semester hours in undergraduate courses in the subject, including history of philosophy. While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Students wishing to pursue graduate work in philosophy should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this


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bulletin and should obtain from the department a copy of the Graduate Program in Philosophy. The Graduate Record Examination is not required.
Certain special programs exist (M.A.’s in comparative East /West philosophy and in history and philosophy of science), details of which may be had on request.
PHYSICS
While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Physics courses at the 400 level may be used for graduate credit for students in nonphysics graduate programs.
POLITICAL SCIENCE
Admission to the M.A. Program
Students applying for admission to the M.A. program in political science normally should present at least 18 hours of undergraduate or previous graduate work in political science, at least 9 hours of which should be at the upper division or graduate level. Deficiencies may be made up at UCD by enrolling in political science courses as a special student. Deficiencies usually must be made up before the student will be admitted as a regular degree student, and the work involved will be in addition to the minimum hourly requirements for the degree. Graduate Record Examination aptitude scores are required of applicants. The department may make exceptions to these requirements in unusual cases (for instance, where course work in related fields such as psychology, economics, and history, or practical political experience, compensate for course work deficiencies in political science).
Master of Arts in Political Science
The degree requirement shall consist of at least 25 semester hours of work at the graduate level, including at least one seminar in each of three broad areas of political science —American, foreign, and theory —and at least one additional graduate seminar in political science. The other 13 hours may be distributed among other political science seminars, the master’s thesis (4 hours), and a maximum of 9 hours combined in independent study and work in cognate disciplines (but not more than 6 hours of either).
Emphasis of the political science discipline at UCD is on critical perspectives, creative teaching and writing, interdisciplinary work, experiential involvement, and cooperative research projects. Close and continuing contact among students and between faculty and students is encouraged.
For further information contact Professor Joel Edelstein, 629-2616.
PSYCHOLOGY
The M.A. program offered on the Denver campus can be obtained with a specialty in child development, which is appropriate for persons interested in developing and
evaluating child care delivery programs from either a research or service perspective. Other specialty areas are currently being developed at the M.A. level. Students should obtain information on these specialties directly from the Department of Psychology.
Students wishing to be admitted to the M.A. program should be familiar with the Requirements for Advanced Degrees. The GRE (verbal and quantitative) Aptitude Tests and Advanced Test in Psychology are required. In addition, faculty will base decisions for admission on a review of academic records and letters of recommendation. Both full- and part-time students are eligible for admission. For students seeking admission to the child development specialty, undergraduate courses in statistics, child psychology, and the psychology of learning are required. Students in this specialty area are required to complete 24 hours of academic work and either a thesis or an internship in an approved agency setting.
Further information can be obtained from Professor Carolyn Simmons, department representative, or Professor Linda McCabe, admissions adviser, in the Department of Psychology at UCD, 629-2646.
SOCIAL SCIENCE, MASTER OF
The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.) graduate degree program is designed to meet the needs of those individuals who want the flexibility to construct their own individualized course of studies. It is especially oriented toward interdisciplinary, urban, social action-focused education in the social sciences.
The program can provide (1) training for advancement in the profession of education, business, the helping professions, politics, and public service; (2) a basis for further graduate studies in a specific social science discipline or professional field; (3) a means for teachers and other working students to tailor degree programs to fit their personal career development or on-the-job needs; (4) a nontradi-tional option for adults re-entering the University to pursue liberal education goals in the social sciences.
It is a 36-hour program, a significant part of which may include a work related project or internship. There are both thesis and nonthesis options. There are seven participating disciplines —anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology—but some work may also be done in other disciplines, e.g., education, urban studies, communication, etc.
General rules for admission to the Graduate School apply. For further information contact Dr. Richard H. Ogles, Director, Master of Social Science, 629-2847.
SOCIOLOGY
The M.A. degree in sociology offered at UCD has an urban focus with an applied emphasis. The urban sociology program is designed to complement professional degree programs in environmental design, medicine, nursing, community health, physical engineering, public and business administration, education, and fine arts by providing advanced seminars, and planning and research opportunities in urban theory and methodology.


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Requirements for Admission
1. General requirements of the Graduate School.
2. A combined grade-point average of at least 3.0 for all courses taken in sociology as an undergraduate or graduate prior to admission.
3. Three letters of recommendation.
4. A statement specifying the purpose and goal of advanced study.
Degree Requirements
1. Completion of a minimum of 32 semester hours of approved graduate work.
2. Completion of a project in the format of an article prepared and submitted for publication in a relevant professional journal (credit hours given under Soc. 603).
3. Sociological theory sequence —6 hours (Soc. 315 and 516).
4. Research methods sequence —6 hours (Soc. 507 and 508).
5. Area of concentration—14 to 16 hours.
6. Passing of comprehensive final examination.
For further information contact W. I. Lou Griffith, (303) 629-2780 or 629-2616.
SPANISH
At present UCD offers no Spanish courses above 599-The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree in Spanish from the University of Colorado at Boulder and to a Master of Humanities degree from UCD, depending upon degree plan approval by the appropriate graduate adviser.


College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Daniel Fallon, Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
Study of the liberal arts and sciences aims to develop human potential in order to bring the best of human intellect and emotion to bear on the experiences and challenges of life. By providing a broad educational foundation, the arts and sciences prepare students to initiate careers, to change careers in midlife, to pursue advanced study in a discipline, to study for a professional career such as law or medicine, and, in general, to lead a rewarding and productive life. The curriculum helps students to increase substantive knowledge, to learn skills such as logical argument and clear expression, to gain new insights about relationships in nature and society, to develop critical thought and interpretive ability, to solve complex problems rationally, and to heighten aesthetic appreciation.
To accomplish these aims, the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences supports a vigorous interaction between faculty and students. A dedicated faculty with strong academic credentials is committed to highly motivated urban students who represent a broad range of age and experience. Thus, the curriculum of the College maintains traditionally high university academic standards while providing numerous flexible learning opportunities to meet the varied objectives of university students from the Denver metropolitan area. At the undergraduate level, the College offers a high-quality liberal educational program that also prepares students for subsequent professional and graduate study. At the graduate level, the College offers students disciplinary and broad interdisciplinary master’s degree programs which may serve as a means of beginning study toward doctoral degrees.
Because students are consulted and involved in the design of both undergraduate and graduate programs, the curriculum of the College reflects the concerns of Denver area students. There are many opportunities to study urban problems, confront contemporary issues, participate in off-campus working internships, and in general make use of the resources of the city. To accommodate the many students who are employed full time during the day, about half of all courses offered by the College are scheduled after 5 p.m.
Many students enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to study the liberal arts and participate in the general education associated with the B.A. or B.F.A. degree as an end in itself. Upon receiving a degree, some students decide to continue study at the graduate level. Others set
aside further formal study and initiate careers. Because a liberal education provides a broad foundation in problemsolving skills and substantive knowledge that can be widely applied, graduates of the College have begun careers in a variety of positions in industry, commerce, and government. Many students also enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences specifically to prepare themselves for admission to a professional school such as medicine or law.
The faculty of the College provide instruction at the undergraduate level through three academic divisions: Arts and Humanities, Natural and Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. Each division offers a wide variety of curricula including traditional undergraduate major programs, interdisciplinary studies, and preprofessional programs.
The degrees offered by the College at the undergraduate level are the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.). A number of degrees are offered at the graduate level.
MAJOR PROGRAMS
Students can earn the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in the following areas:
Anthropology
Biology
Chemistry
Communication and theatre Economics English Ethnic studies Fine arts (students may study for either a B.A. or B.F.A. degree)
French
Geography
Geology
German
History
Mathematics (students may also choose a special computer science option)
Philosophy
Physics
Political science
Population dynamics
Psychology
Sociology
Spanish
Urban studies
Writing program
Special options are available for those students who would like to distribute their major program studies among two or more disciplinary majors (distributed studies) or who would like to propose a unique major program tailored to meet a specific objective (individually structured major).
The College also provides the necessary course work to prepare students for careers in elementary or secondary teaching, journalism, and law, as well as the following health science fields: child health associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy, podiatry, and veterinary medicine.


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Double Majors
Students may graduate with more than one major (e.g., mathematics and French) by completing all requirements for both majors.
Second Degrees
Students who have been awarded a bachelor’s degree (either from the College or elsewhere) may be granted a second bachelor’s degree provided that (a) all general requirements for the degree have been met; (b) the major for the second bachelor’s degree is different from the major for the first; and (c) at least 30 hours are completed in this College after admission to the second degree program.
Double Degrees
Students may earn two degrees from two different schools or colleges of the University of Colorado simultaneously by fulfilling all requirements for both degrees. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences requires that a student complete at least 90 liberal arts credits and DO total credits in order to be granted two bachelor’s degrees.
Students planning one of these multiple programs should consult with the College Advising Office at the earliest possible date in order to get approval for a doubledegree program.
Graduate Programs
Graduate degree programs offered by the faculty of the College through the Graduate School are described in the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
UCD/MSC Pooled Courses
Beginning fall semester 1980, courses offered by the School of Liberal Arts and the School of Science and Mathematics at Metropolitan State College and by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Colorado at Denver form a common pool of resources available to students at both institutions. University of Colorado at Denver students may register through UCD for any course in the pool offered by Metropolitan State College, and MSC students may register through MSC for ary course in this pool offered by the University of Colorado at Denver. Course titles and grades for these courses will be posted on the transcript of the student’s home institution. Credit earned in these courses will apply to the total number of credits required for a bachelor’s degree from either institution. Students should check with the appropriate academic adviser and department faculty member to make sure a particular course will count toward the specific requirements for a degree major and/or minor.
In order to fulfill the College’s residency requirements, students must take approximately 25 percent of their course work from University of Colorado faculty. These requirements are described in full under Residency Requirements in this section.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
Entering First-Year Students
Students planning to enter the College of Liberal Arts
and Sciences must meet the requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin under Admission Policies and Procedures. Applicants to the College are considered for admission according to the following schedule.1
If: And: Then:
Your Rani in High School Class Is Your ACT Composite Is Or Your Combined SAT Score Is Your Status for Admission Is
Upper 1/2 23 or higher 1,000 or higher Assured admission
Upper 2/3 18-23 800 or higher Considered on an individual basis
Lower 1/2 Below 18 Below 800 Considered by Admissions Committee
Transfer Students
Students who have attended another college or university are expected to meet the general requirements for admission of transfer students as described in the General Information section of this bulletin. Applicants who have been away from a college environment for more than three years will be considered on the basis of all factors available: high school record, test scores, original college admission qualifications, college performance, and interim experiences that might suggest potential success in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. A maximum of 72 semester hours taken at a community college may be applied toward a degree in the College.
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Students are referred to the General Information section of this bulletin for a description of academic policies that apply to all undergraduate students at UCD. The policies which follow apply specifically to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Academic Ethics
Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Therefore, the faculty assumes that term papers, reports, studio work, results of laboratory experiments, and examinations submitted by the student represent the student’s own work. Students are referred to the Statement on Academic Honesty of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, available from the Office of the Dean for guidance on generally acceptable limits on cooperation in the preparation of academic work, and for a discussion of what constitutes academic dishonesty.
Academic dishonesty, such as plagiarism or cheating, is a serious charge which, if substantiated, may result in course failure, probation, suspension, or expulsion from the University. The Academic Ethics Committee, composed principally of faculty and students, is charged by the
1 This schedule corresponds to the general requirements described in the General Information section, but more detail is provided here for prospective College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students.


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faculty of the College with considering evidence in contested cases, determining guilt or innocence, and assessing penalties. Special rules of the committee, available from the Office of the Dean, have been designed to insure due process.
Academic Advice and Information
Students in the College are expected to assume the responsibility for planning their academic programs in accordance with College rules and policies and major requirements. To assist students, the College maintains an advising staff located in the East Classroom Building, Room 45, telephone 629-2555. Students are urged to consult with the staff of this office concerning individual academic problems and progress toward their degrees.
As soon as the student has determined a major, he or she must declare the major to a department adviser. The department adviser will be responsible not only for the student’s advising but also for the certification of the completion of the major program for graduation.
Students planning to earn a degree from one of the professional schools should see an adviser in that school. Each professional school has certain specific requirements. Preprofessional health science students should see a member of the Health Careers Committee during their first year in the College. Appointments should be made through the sciences secretary in the Science Building, Room 333, 629-2646.
The College has organized a Prelaw Advising Committee for the purpose of advising all UCD students who are interested in careers in law. This committee has a library of law school catalogues, prelaw handbooks, and other relevant documents, advises individual students, interviews students who need to secure a dean’s letter for application to certain law schools, and sponsors meetings at which information of interest to prelaw students is shared. Students may contact the Committee through the Office of the Dean, telephone 629-3396.
UCD also has a counseling service available through the Office for Student Affairs to which a student may go for assistance with personal problems.
Career counseling is available to all students in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Assistance in skills analysis, resume preparation, and career exploration is available through the Office of the Dean, telephone 629-3396.
Academic Probation and Scholastic Suspension
Good academic standing in the College requires a grade-point average of 2.0 (C) on all University of Colorado course work. Grades earned in another college or school within the University of Colorado are used in determining the student’s scholastic standing and progress toward the degree. However, grades earned at other institutions are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado.
ACADEMIC PROBATION
Students whose cumulative grade-point averages fall below a 2.0 (C) at the end of the fall or spring semester will be placed on academic probation for the following semes-
ter. Students will be informed in writing concerning the grade-point requirements which must be met by the end of the succeeding semester. The grade-point requirements are listed in the table below. Students must continue to meet the required grade-point average each semester until their cumulative grade-point average is a 2.0. At that time students will be removed from probation.
SCHOLASTIC SUSPENSION
Students on academic probation who do not meet the required grade-point average in the succeeding semester will be suspended from the College for one year. Scholastic records of students are reviewed as soon as grade reports are available at the end of the fall and spring semesters. Students are informed in writing of scholastic suspension.
Hours Deficiency
1-10 11-20 21-30 Over 30
Grade-Point Average in the Most Recent Semester
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
The number of hours deficient is equal to the number of credit hours of B work that the student must earn to raise the cumulative G.P.A. to 2.0 (C). For example, if the student has attempted 24 semester hours and has earned 42 grade points, the G.P.A. is 1.75. The student needs 6 semester hours of B to raise the G.P.A. to 2.0. To calculate the hours of B that are needed, multiply the total hours attempted by 2 and subtract the number of grade points from this figure. Example: 24 semester hours attempted x 2 = 48; 48 - 42 grade points = 6 semester hours of B needed or 6 hours deficiency.
In attempting to raise a grade-point average while suspended, a student may register for courses in the University of Colorado summer term on any campus, for correspondence study through the University, or for credit courses offered through the Division of Continuing Education.
FIRST SUSPENSION
The normal period of suspension is two regular semesters (one academic year, excluding summer term), after which the student will automatically be readmitted on probation to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The student then will be expected to meet the sliding scale (based on the student’s University of Colorado record only) until the cumulative G.P.A. reaches 2.0. Failure to do so will result in a second suspension.
A student under a first suspension may be readmitted before the end of the normal suspension period only if the student has demonstrated academic improvement in one of the following ways:
1. By achieving a cumulative 2.5 average on all summer or correspondence work attempted at the University of Colorado since suspension. (A student must register for a minimum of 6 credits in the summer term on any campus, through correspondence work, or through credit courses in the Division of Continuing Education.)


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2. By raising the cumulative grade-point average to 2.0 through correspondence or summer work at the University of Colorado.
3. By raising the cumulative grade-point average to 2.0 at another institution. (The cumulative grade-point average is defined in this instance as the grade-point average at the University of Colorado in combination with course work taken at all other institutions.) Upon return to the University, however, the student retains his or her previous grade-point average. The G.P.A. from other institutions does not transfer back to the University of Colorado.
SECOND SUSPENSION
A student suspended for a second time will be readmitted only under unusual circumstances and only by petition to the Academic Standards Committee of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Each petition will be examined individually. The committee will expect the student to show that chances for successful completion of an educational program in the College have been materially improved by factors such as increased maturity or a relief from stressful circumstances. The deadline for petitions to the Academic Standards Committee for reinstatement for any fall semester is August 1; for reinstatement for any spring semester, the deadline is December 1.
A student who completes 12 or more semester hours at another institution must apply for readmission to the University of Colorado as a transfer student, regardless of his or her status in the University of Colorado. He or she also must present a 2.0 cumulative grade-point average on all collegiate work attempted (at the University of Colorado and elsewhere) in order to be considered for readmission.
Petitioning for Special Requests or Exceptions to Standing Academic Policy
The Academic Standards Committee is responsible for the administration of the academic policies of the College as established by the faculty. This faculty-student committee constitutes the bridge between the faculty in its legislative capacity and the students upon whom the legislation comes to bear. The committee alone is empowered to grant waivers of exemptions from and exceptions to the academic policies of the College. Students wishing to submit a petition to the committee should meet with the advising staff first to discuss the petition.
One of the major responsibilities of the committee is the handling of suspension and reinstatement of suspended students. The normal period of suspension is two regular semesters (one academic year, excluding summer term). However, students suspended a second time will be reinstated only under unusual circumstances and only by petition to the committee.
Course Load
The normal course load is 12 to 18 semester hours each semester. Students registered for fewer than 12 hours are regarded as part-time students. Students wishing to register for 19 hours or more must obtain approval from the dean. Designation as a part-time or full-time student depends only upon courses taken for credit in the University and does not include correspondence courses or noncredit courses. To receive credit, the student must be of-
ficially registered for each course.
Students who hold or expect to hold full- or part-time employment while enrolled in the College should register for course loads they can expect to complete without unusual difficulty. Recommended course loads are given below, but each student must weigh his or her own abilities and assess the demands of each course in determining an appropriate schedule. The College assumes that all courses selected will be completed.
Employed 20 hours per week —10 to 13 semester hours, or three to four courses.
Employed 30 hours per week —8 to 11 semester hours, or three courses.
Employed 40 hours per week —6 to 9 semester hours, or two or three courses.
Summer Term-. Since the summer term is only 10 weeks long, the recommended course load is less than in the fall and spring.
Employed fewer than 15 hours per week—9 semester hours, or three courses.
Employed 15 to 30 hours per week—6-8 semester hours, or two courses.
Employed over 30 hours per week — 3-5 semester hours, or one course.
Courses taken at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, and interinstitutionally with MSC or CCDA, are included in the total load.
Note: 6 semester hours is considered a full load in the summer term. Maximum course load is 9 semester hours. Students wishing to register for 10 hours or more must obtain approval from the dean.
Earning Academic Credit—
Special Options
Students in the College may earn credit toward a degree for knowledge gained prior to enrollment in the College or for knowledge gained outside of College courses. Some specific programs by which credit is awarded include Credit by Examination, Advanced Placement, and the College-Level Examination Program. These are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. In addition, credit may be earned for Cooperative Education, Army ROTC, and the following activities.
CORRESPONDENCE STUDY
Students in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, with the approval of the dean, may take work in correspondence study offered by the University’s Division of Continuing Education. A maximum of 30 hours of correspondence work may count toward the degree.
CREDIT FOR COURSES IN THE PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS AND IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Students may count toward the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees as many as 24 semester hours of course work from curricula leading to degrees other than the B.A. (business, engineering and applied science, design and planning, journalism, music, nursing, and pharmacy, and education). College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students desiring secondary school certification will be


College of Liberal Arts and Sciences / 87
allowed to take up to 37 semester hours in the certification program of the School of Education as part of their total required hours for the Bachelor of Arts degree. Students desiring elementary education certification will be allowed up to 44 hours in the certification program. Vocational and technical courses from a two-year program may not be included. Activity courses in physical education, up to a maximum of 8 semester hours, will count toward the 120 hours required for the degree.
CREDIT FOR INDEPENDENT STUDY
Students may register for independent study with the written approval of the appropriate faculty member and divisional dean. The amount of credit to be given for an independent study project (not to exceed 6 credits per semester) shall be arranged at the time of registration. A maximum of 12 credits taken on an independent study basis may apply toward the bachelor’s degree. Independent study credit may not be used to satisfy the College area distribution requirements.
Independent study courses are numbered as follows:
Types of Credit
Advanced Placement Credit (AP)
College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) Cooperative education Correspondence study Credit by examination Independent study
Maximum Credit Hours Allowed Toward the B.A. Degree
No limit
30 semester hours 12 semester hours 30 semester hours No limit
12 semester hours
GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS Student Responsibilities
The student is ultimately responsible for knowing the requirements for his or her degree and for fulfilling these requirements. Upon completion of the requirements (including those of a major), the student will be awarded the appropriate degree.
The Liberal Education Program
910-919 Freshman level course
920-929 Sophomore level course
930-939 Junior level course
940-949 Senior level course
950- Graduate level course
999- Candidate for degree
COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM (CLEP)
An exciting challenge is available to College of Liberal Arts and Sciences students who want to earn university credit by examination in subject areas in which they have obtained college-level proficiency. Interested students are encouraged to take appropriate subject examinations provided in the College Level Examination Program of the College Entrance Examination Board Testing Service. The College will award credit for the following subjects if a student scores at the 67th percentile:
Arts and Humanities American literature
Analysis and interpretation of literature English literature
Natural and Physical Sciences Biology
General chemistry Geology
Introductory calculus General psychology
Social Sciences American government American history Introductory economics Western civilization
Students should contact the Office for Student Affairs, Central Classroom Building, Room 107A, 629-2861, to arrange for the examinations.
SUMMARY
Following is a listing of the types of credit and the maximum number of hours that may be earned for nonclassroom work.
Beginning spring semester 1982, the College has established new graduation requirements. Students who first enroll in the College in this semester or after will be expected to fulfill these new requirements. Students who have been admitted and taken courses in the College prior to spring 1982 will have a choice of completing their degree programs with either the new requirements or those in effect at the time they were admitted.
In order to qualify for a B.A. or B.F.A. degree from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, students must complete the liberal education program which consists of area distribution requirements, writing and computation proficiencies, and a foreign language requirement.
1. Area Distribution. The College requires course work in each of its three divisions: Arts and Humanities, Natural and Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. The courses may be selected from lists of courses especially designed by the faculty for this purpose and printed in each Schedule of Courses. Students are required to take at least 3 semester hours of course work designated as research /methods and at least 9 semester hours of course work designated as content/perspective in the two divisions that do not contain the department of their major field. In the division that does contain the department of their major field, students are required to take only 3 semester hours of course work designated as content I perspective and 3 semester hours of course work designated as research/methods, but these hours cannot be in the department of their major field. The total course work thus required is 30 semester hours, as follows:
1. Major division (but not in major department) Semester Hours
a. Content/perspective..................................... 3
b. Research/methods........................................ 3
2. Nonmajot division
a. Content/perspective..................................... 9
b. Research/methods........................................ 3
3. Nonmajor division
a. Content/perspective..................................... 9
b. Research/methods........................................ 3
Total 30


88 / University of Colorado at Denver
2. Writing. The College requires that students either complete English 102 taken at the University of Colorado with a grade of C or higher, or that they pass an examination demonstrating that they have mastered the elements of composition at this level. Examinations are offered by the Department of English and may be repeated, if failed, twice more for a total of three times. Students are expected to have completed this requirement by the time they have passed 90 semester hours, i.e., before they begin their last year of college work. No transfer course will substitute for this requirement.
3. Computation. The College requires that students either complete any University of Colorado course in mathematics other than Math. 101 with a grade of C or higher, or that they pass an examination demonstrating that they have mastered the elements of mathematics beyond the level of 101. Examinations are offered by the Department of Mathematics and may be repeated, if failed, twice more for a total of three times. Students are expected to have completed this requirement by the time they have passed 90 semester hours, i.e., before they begin their last year of college work. Students may transfer course work above the level of 101 to satisfy this requirement.
4. Foreign Language. The College requires elementary proficiency in a foreign language. This requirement is met if a student has completed a Level III high school course in any classical or modern foreign language. Students who have not thus met the requirement prior to admission to the College may do so either by completion of a third-semester course in the College, or by demonstration of a third-semester proficiency by examination.
Major Requirements
In addition to completing the above mentioned College requirements, students in the Bachelor of Arts degree program must declare a major. As soon as a major has been determined (no later than the beginning of the junior year), students must declare their intentions to the major departments. Each department stipulates its own requirements for the major. These requirements shall include at least 30 semester hours of work in the major area (as determined by the department) of Cgrade or higher, at least 16 hours of which shall be at the upper division level. The grade average in the major shall be at least C. Not more than 48 semester hours in one department may be counted in the 120 hours required for the degree. The student is responsible for knowing the requirements for the major. The department adviser shall be responsible for determining when a student has satisfactorily completed the requirements for the major and for so certifying to the dean of the College.
The minimum number of semester hours for the B.F.A. is 54; the maximum is 72. Special consideration may be necessary for interdisciplinary programs.
Upper Division Requirement
Students must complete at least 45 semester hours of upper division work (courses numbered 300 or higher) to be eligible for the bachelor’s degree. Any student may register for upper division courses providing he or she has satisfied the prerequisites or has the approval of the discipline in which the course is offered.
Courses transferred from a community college carry lower division credit. Exceptions to this require approval of the dean of the College and the appropriate discipline representative, who may ask the student to validate upper division credit by taking an advanced standing examination.
Total Credit-Hour and Grade-Point Requirement
To qualify for the Bachelor of Arts degree in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, students must pass at least 120 semester hours with an average of at least 2.0 (C) in all courses attempted at the University of Colorado.
Residence Requirements
A certain minimum number of credit hours must be earned in residence in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences for a student to qualify for award of a degree from the College. This minimum residence is defined as follows:
GENERAL STATEMENT
The following general statement of residency applies fully to any student who is admitted to UCD as a first-term freshman and completes all course work on the Auraria campus.
To qualify for award of a baccalaureate degree, a student must earn the last 30 credit hours while enrolled as a degree student in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Further, the student must have completed:
1. Among the last 60 credit hours, at least 30 in courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
2. Of these 30 residence credit hours, at least 21 in courses numbered 300 or above.
3. At least 15 credit hours in fulfillment of the distribution requirements for the B.A. degree in courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
PROVISIONS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS
The following interpretations apply to students who do not begin as UCD students:
1. Students who wish to transfer from Metropolitan State College will be regarded, for purposes of residence in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences for award of a baccalaureate degree, as UCD students from the time they first have access to the common pool of courses;1 that is, they must satisfy the requirements stated above; the last 30 credit hours must be completed while they are enrolled as degree candidates in the College; among their last 60 hours, at least 30 must be earned in courses taught by University of Colorado faculty; of those 30 residence credit hours, at least 21 must be in courses numbered 300 or above; and at least 15 credit hours in fulfillment of the distribution requirements must be in courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
'See UCD/MSC Pooled Courses in the beginning of the College general information in this section of the bulletin.


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Number of semester hours accepted in transfer work from other institutions Total number of required semester hours for the B.A. Total number of required hours while enrolled in C.L.A.S. Total number of required upper division semester hours in residence in C.L.A.S. Total number of required area distribution semester hours in residence in C.L.A.S.
1-29 91-120 30 21 15
30-59 61-90 30 21 12
60-89 31-60 30 21 9
90 or more 30 30 15 6
2. Students transferring from other institutions of higher education will in general be evaluated in accordance with the graduated table above.
3. As with any academic regulation, students with compelling reasons to justify an exception may petition to the Academic Standards Committee.
4. Interpretations among values shown in the table above will be made by the Office of Academic Advising in consultation, as appropriate, with the Academic Standards Committee.
5. It is not the intent of the new residence requirements to impede the academic progress of any student enrolled in the College before the implementation of these requirements. Accordingly, the dean’s office may make exceptions for students enrolled before fall 1981.
6. All courses taken in the common pool in the 1980-81 academic year and summer 1981 were taken prior to implementation of these residence requirements. Therefore, these 1980-81 courses will be treated for purposes of residency as if they were courses taught by University of Colorado faculty.
Residence Requirements for Major Programs. Each department within the College may have a residence requirement for its majors. Students should check with their major departments in order to ascertain these requirements.
Senior Progress Report and Diploma Card
Upon completion of 80 semester hours of course work, each student must make an appointment with the College Advising staff to determine the student’s status with respect to degree requirements.
Before registering for their last semester, students are required to file Diploma Cards, indicating the date they intend to graduate, and Applications for Degree Candidacy. Failure to file a Diploma Card with the College Advising Office will result in delayed graduation. Diploma Cards and Applications for Degree Candidacy are available in the College Advising Office.
SUMMARY CHECKLIST OF GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
Liberal Education Program
The essential requirements for a degree from the College are established in four separate categories. These are (1) area distribution, (2) writing, (3) computation, and (4) foreign language.
Major Requirements
1. Thirty to 48 semester hours in the major field.
2. A minimum of 30 hours of C grade or better in the major field.
3. A 2.0 (C) grade-point average in all major course work.
4. A minimum of 16 semester hours of upper division courses in the major, C grade or higher.
5. Special requirements as stipulated by the major adviser.
General Requirements
1. A total of 120 semester hours passed.
2. A cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 (C).
3. A total of 45 semester hours of upper division work (courses numbered in the 300s and 400s).
4. The last 30 semester hours while registered as a student in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
5. Transfer students please note: the last 30 semester hours must be letter-graded (as opposed to pass/fail option) course work completed at CU if these hours are being used to fulfill the minimum 30-hour residence requirement.
Note: Not more than 48 hours in any one field and not more than 24 hours outside the College can be included in the 120 hours required for the B.A. degree.
SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAMS Honors
FORMER POLICY FOR GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION
A student who performs superlatively in course work in the College will be awarded a bachelor’s degree accompanied by the statement, with distinction. To be eligible for graduation with distinction, a student must have completed at least 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado and have obtained a grade-point average of 3.5 or higher by the end of the semester prior to the final semester’s work toward the degree. The cumulative grade-point average must be based upon all collegiate work attempted, both at the University of Colorado and elsewhere.


90 / University of Colorado at Denver
NEW POLICY FOR GRADUATION WITH DISTINCTION
Effective summer 1978, all graduating seniors must have completed a minimum of 45 semester hours at the University of Colorado (on any CU campus), including the final semester, with a grade-point average of at least 3.75. The 45 semester hours must be completed in the student’s junior and senior years. The student also must meet the College’s residency requirement, i.e., the last 30 hours in the College.
Students who feel they are qualified to graduate with distinction, but who do not meet these standards, may petition to the Academic Standards Committee for a review of their particular cases. Petitions dealing with these standards will rarely be approved, however, and then only with evidence of academic performance equivalent to the standard.
Special Notes
1. A maximum of 6 semester hours may be completed with a grade of P (on P/F option) and included in the 45 semester hours.
2. All credit courses which are completed through the Division of Continuing Education may be included in the 45 semester hours.
3. In calculating the minimum total of 45 semester hours, part of a semester will not be counted but, instead, all courses in a semester will be included.
The new policy outlined above was approved by the Academic Standards Committee on April 19, 1978. Both the old and the new policies will be administered simultaneously for all students who matriculated prior to summer 1978. For those students who matriculated in summer 1978 or after, only the new policy will be used.
COLLEGE HONORS PROGRAM
Independent of graduation with distinction, which is based on grades alone, the College offers a program through which students can qualify for the following honors awarded by the College: summa cum laude, magna cum laude, or cum laude. The determination of the level of honors to be awarded is made by the College Honors Council. Special independent creative work is required to qualify. Any junior or senior student with a cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 (B) or higher may participate in the program. The College-wide General Honors program is designed to encourage and assist academically strong students to achieve greater breadth in their educational experiences than they ordinarily might obtain in their college careers. The program is intended for students who like to deal creatively with ideas and who desire to extend education beyond the usual course requirements.
Detailed information concerning the Honors Program may be obtained from the director of the Honors Program or from the College Advising Office. Students interested in the program ordinarily should begin participation in their junior years.
Cooperative Education
Based on the precept that employment experiences can often contribute to liberal education, the Cooperative Education Program is designed to provide opportunities to
supplement academic work with practical experience. Students may be placed as employees with corporations, businesses, and public agencies in ways that complement or enhance their academic course work. Many cooperative education students choose to contract with a professor in their major fields to receive academic credit for their work experiences. An academic cooperative education contract designates a certain number of academic credits for satisfactory performance in a related work experience. The credit is contingent upon satisfactory completion of whatever academic project the faculty member chooses to assign in conjunction with the job.
The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences participates in this program with cooperative education courses offered at the 398 level in each department. These courses are listed under each department heading in the Course Description section of this bulletin. Students placed by the Cooperative Education Office in paid or volunteer assignments, as well as students who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligible, subject to the guidelines below:
1. The participant in the program will be enrolled in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and generally have attained sophomore standing.
2. The participant must have at least a 2.5 grade-point average.
3. A contract for Cooperative Education credit is required for all projects. It is to be completed by the employer, sponsoring faculty member, and the student before being approved by the divisional dean.
4. Job experience approved for credit will be related to the student’s undergraduate academic curriculum.
5. Credit will be approved for more than one semester for a job, provided that the learning possibilities and responsibilities of the student allow for additional academic growth.
6. Projects will be granted from 1 to 6 hours of credit per semester. The number of credit hours will be arranged between the student and the sponsoring faculty member with possible consultation with the employer. The number of credit hours must reflect the quality of the academic experience gained from the project, not the hours worked.
7. Twelve hours is the maximum number that a student can earn toward the bachelor’s degree in Cooperative Education. Departments may decide whether or not Cooperative Education hours will count toward requirements for the major. Cooperative Education hours may not count toward the Area Distribution Requirement.
8. The Cooperative Education project may not simultaneously be used for academic credit in other programs such as Independent Study.
Students should contact the Cooperative Education Program office for further information and forms for placement and credit, 1047 9th Street, 629-2892.
Study Skills Center
The purpose of the center is to help UCD students develop methods of efficient study. Services are available to help specifically with particular subject areas, as well as to strengthen general academic and research skills. The center is located in Room 237, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-2802.
Each semester the center offers three courses for which


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students may receive 1 semester hour of credit graded on a pass/fail basis: developmental composition, developmental reading, and college preparatory mathematics. Detailed course descriptions may be found in the Course Description section of this bulletin. A maximum of 3 semester hours in study skills courses may be included in the 120 required for the degree.
A noncredit modular course, such as rapid reading, also is offered in which students may accelerate reading speed, learn reading flexibility, and build word-grouping ability and comprehension. Study technique workshops (noncredit) are offered in such topics as knowing one’s way around, organizing one’s time, knowledge of the library, recognizing sentence errors, prereading and translation reading, listening and note-taking, building a vocabulary, writing the four-paragraph essay, taking examinations, and believing in oneself.
The center has available a collection of books, including a number by minority authors and about minorities, which may be utilized for research assignments as well as for improvement of general knowledge.
PREPARATION FOR PROFESSIONS
Completion of the undergraduate curriculum of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences can prepare students for a number of careers in the professions. Information on preparation for those professions most frequently asked about by students in the College is presented here. Students seeking information about other professions should contact the Office of the Dean, 629-3396.
law schools. It may be ordered from Law School Admission Services, Box 2000, Newtown, Pennsylvania 18940.
Any student who aspires to a career in law should contact the College pre-law adviser, telephone 629-3396.
Students interested in applying for admission to the School of Law of the University of Colorado should contact the Admissions Office of the School of Law, Room 118, Fleming Law Building, Boulder, Colorado 80309-
Journalism
Students interested in preparing for a career in journalism may decide to obtain a bachelor’s degree from the College as a general preparation, or they may choose to complete a B.S. degree in journalism. The B.S. degree in journalism is granted from the School of Journalism at the University of Colorado at Boulder. However, the first two years of the journalism curriculum may be completed at UCD within the College. Students pursuing the journalism B.S. degree normally transfer into the School of Journalism at the beginning of the junior year. To be considered for transfer admission, a student must have completed a minimum of 60 semester hours with a grade-point average of at least 2.25. Interested students should consult the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for detailed information concerning requirements for the B.S. degree in journalism.
Information is also available in the College Advising Office, Room 45, East Classroom Building, telephone 629-2555.
Health Careers
Law
Students intending to enter a school of law may major in any field while completing their bachelor’s degree programs since law schools do not generally specify a particular undergraduate degree major. Successful prelaw students from the College have had majors in many different fields. However, students preparing for law school should place primary emphasis on learning superior methods of study, critical thinking, and communication skills, which are often considered more important by law schools than factual knowledge alone. College courses should be chosen with care to produce a balanced pattern of skills and insights. Sufficient English should be studied to insure good use of language skills in grammar, spelling, composition, and rhetoric, and also to develop a capacity for analysis and criticism. Because the natural sciences provide an appreciation for inductive and deductive approaches, evaluation of evidence, and detailed accuracy of observation, some study in this area is desirable. Mathematics is helpful in developing a capacity to think analytically, as are certain courses in philosophy.
The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is required of all applicants for admission to law school and should be taken as early as possible during the senior year. For additional information, students should review the current Prelaw Handbook, published by the Law School Admissions Council and the Association of American Law Schools. This book includes material on the law and lawyers, prelaw preparation, applying to law schools, and the study of law, as well as individualized information on most American
Course programs have been developed within the College to prepare students for the following specific careers within the general area of health sciences.
Child health associate Dental hygiene Dentistry
Medical technology
Medicine
Nursing
Optometry Osteopathy Pharmacy Physical therapy Podiatry
Veterinary medicine
Because the prerequisites for these health career programs are continually changing, students interested in pursuing one of these careers should contact the Health Careers secretary, Science Building, Room 333, 629-2646, or the College Advising Office for current requirements and for advising.
Education
Students seeking certification for teaching at the elementary and/or secondary school level must complete a major program in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and approximately 30 to 50 semester hours of professional education work in the School of Education. Students completing all requirements will receive a Bachelor of Arts degree and teacher certification.
Early planning is crucial for students intending to enter the Teacher Education Program. Since the School of Education has initiated a new program at both the elementary and secondary levels, students must consult the School during their first semester on campus concerning new requirements for the Teacher Education Program, 629-2717.


92 / University of Colorado at Denver
PRE-EDUCATION PROGRAM
Students pursuing teacher certification should so indicate on all application and registration materials so that they may be advised by the education counselor or faculty members. Application for admission to the Teacher Certification Program should be made during the last semester of the sophomore year. The minimum requirements for acceptance are:
1. Completion of at least 60 semester hours of acceptable college work with a grade-point average of 2.5 for all courses attempted, and 2.5 for all courses attempted at the University of Colorado, and 2.5 in the major teaching field. No student will be recommended for certification to teach in any field in which the grade-point average is less than 2.5.
2. Information on the general education requirements for students planning to student teach at the secondary or elementary school level are available in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Office and the School of Education.
COLLEGE-WIDE INTERDISCIPLINARY ACADEMIC PROGRAMS
Most of the individual departments represented in the College have numerous links with other disciplines, and many faculty members consequently encourage students to take courses in related disciplines. In the natural and physical sciences new subject-matter areas are emerging from blends of traditional disciplines; examples include biochemistry, geophysics, biophysics, and psychobiology. In the social sciences the similarity of method and of subject matter from discipline to discipline tends to promote broad interaction and a sense of common purpose. In the arts and humanities the continual synthesis of useful analytical ideas and concepts gains strength as it is tested against differing perspectives; comparative literature, mixed media fine arts, and philosophical psychology are examples of this kind of interdisciplinary involvement. Therefore, students will often find opportunities to explore relationships among different disciplines while studying within traditional disciplines. In some instances, such as ethnic studies, much or most of the academic work can be characterized as interdisciplinary even though the area is treated as a traditional discipline. The following programs are explicitly interdisciplinary and college-wide in character.
Distributed Studies
The College’s distributed studies major has been designed for those students who wish to develop consolidated major programs based upon the study of two or three disciplines together rather than to focus their major programs on single disciplines. In pursuing a distributed studies major, a student works closely with a faculty adviser to develop a specific program. One discipline is designated as primary subject, and then one or two other disciplines are designated as secondary subjects. The total program must consist of at least 60 semester hours in at least two disciplines. The disciplines must be disciplines or areas offered within the College, and the program may not include a first-year course in English (101, 102) or foreign language
(101, 102). General requirements for the primary subject are (a) a minimum of 30 semester hours with grades of C or better, (b) of which a minimum of 12 semester hours must be in upper division course work with grades of C or better. General requirements for the secondary subject(s) are (a) a minimum of 30 semester hours from among one or two disciplines, and (b) at least 12 semester hours in any one discipline. The specific requirements in any case depend upon the program worked out with a faculty adviser, who may stipulate specific course requirements. Students interested in a distributed studies major program should contact the College Advising Office for additional information, telephone 629-2555.
Ethnic Studies
For a complete description of the Ethnic Studies program, see the Division of Social Sciences section of this bulletin.
Individually Structured Major
Some students wish to study in depth, as a major program, a coherent topic area that crosses traditional disciplinary lines and/or requires significant independent study to complete. These students are encouraged to propose a design for an individually structured major program. To pursue an individually structured major program, a student must work out the details of the proposed program sometime after his or her first year in the College with a committee of three College faculty members. The major becomes the student’s official program upon final approval by the faculty committee. In recent years students in the College have structured majors in such areas as French and cinematography, or oral history and environmental planning. Advising for the individually structured major is available through the Office of the Dean, 629-3396.
Population Dynamics
Linda Dixon, Director
The Population Dynamics Program is a multidisciplinary major designed to provide a comprehensive and flexible educational experience for persons who are interested in population processes, especially within the urban environment. Emphasis of the major is on the social, economic, and mental health problems complicated by the dynamics of population processes. The principal departments involved are biology, geography, psychology, and sociology. The major is appropriate for students intending careers in the fields of urban and community planning, family planning and counseling, population education, environmental demography, and population-related careers in community action programs, neighborhood health centers, and local, state, and federal agencies. Students completing this major may enter graduate programs in most of the social, behavioral, and natural sciences, demography (population studies), public affairs and administration, urban and regional planning, and in public health, medicine, law, or social services.
All students majoring in population dynamics will be expected to meet the following course requirements:


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University of Colorado at Denver 1982-83

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AURARIA LIBRARY U1870 1 9581788 CONTENTS General Information ...................................................... 1 Admission Policies and Procedures ................................... ..... 2 Tuition and Fees .................. . .................................... 7 Financial Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Registration ....................... . ... ............................. . . 11 Academic Policies and Regulations ....................................... 11 Student Services ...................................................... 14 Special Programs and Facilities ... .................... . ................... 16 Reserve Officer Training Programs ....... ........ . ........................ 18 Administration Office rs ................................................ 19 College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration .... ..... .............................................. 21 College of Design and Planning ............ ...... .......................... 34 School of Education ...................................................... 43 College of Engineering and Applied Science .................................. 45 Graduate School .......................................... .............. 64 College of Liberal Arts and Sciences .................................... ..... 83 Division of Arts and Humanities . . . .... . ........... ......... . ............ 94 Division of Natural and Physical Sciences .................................. 99 Division of Social Sciences ............................................. 103 College of Music ....................................................... 107 Graduate School of Publi c Affairs ......................................... 109 Course Descriptions .................................................... 117 Faculty .......................................................... . .... 187 Index ................................................................ 195 Co11er photo courtesy of First National &nk of Den11er. Although this bulletin was prepared on the basis of the best information available at the time, all information (including the academic calendar, admission and graduation requirements , course offerings and course de s criptions, and statements of tuition and fees) is subject to change without notice or obl i gation . U niversit y of Colorado Bulletin. (USPS 651-060) 262 Stadjum Building , Campus Box 384, Boulder, Colorado 80309. V ol ume LXXXI, No. 20, July 10, 1981, General Series No . 2054. Publjshed three times monthl y by the Unjversity of Colorado . Second class postage paid at Boulder, Colorado .

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West Colfax Avenue lulldlng Code Aurarla Business Serv i ces AB East Classroom EC Science sc (Old Warehouse) Emmanuel Gallery EG South Classroom so Arts AR Learning Resource Center LR (formerly CCD Admlnlstratlonl Book Center BC Ninth Street Park NP St. CoJetans SA Bromley BR Physical Education PE Student Center ST Central Classroom CN Physical Plant pp Technology TE (formerly MSC Administration) Public Sofety a Parking PS • UCD Administration UA Child Core Center cc Rectory Office Building RO West Classroom we Parking Child Development CD (formerly Education Bldg)

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University of Colorado at Denver I I 00 Fourteenth Street Denver, Colorado 80202 Telephone-303/629-2800 Colleges and Schools Business and Administration . I ,.. . .. 'f" • ' • :1,;; .... ... .. ,. ..... . . ; ... ' t,,;.t . ( -_,-.-i_ Graduate School of Business Administration Design and Planning Education Engineering and Applied Science Graduate School Liberal Arts and Sciences Music Public Affairs SECOND CLASS POSTAGE. PAID AT THE. POST OFFICE. BOULDER , CO 80302

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Summer 19822 June 1-4 June 7 July 5 August 13 Fall 19822 August 23-2 7 August 30 September 6 November 25, 26 December 15 ACADEMIC CALENDAR' Registration week. First day of classes . Holiday (no classes) . End of term . Registration week . First day of classes. Holiday (no classes) . Thanksgiving holidays (no classes). End of semester. Spring 1983 2 January 17-21 January 24 Mar c h 21-25 May 13 Summer 19832 May 3 1 -June 3 June 6 July 4 August 12 Registration week. First day of classes. Spring vacation (no classes) . End of semester . Registration week. First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End of term. 1The Universiry the right to ahcr the Academic Calendar at any rime. 'Consuh the Schedule of Courres for 2ppliatioo de2dlinc dotes. de2dli ncs for chmging progwns ( dr opping 2nd 2dding cl:wcs) , md procedures for regisa2tioo .

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BUSINESS EDUCATION ENGINEERING DESIGN AND PLANNING HUMANITIES MUSIC NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES PUBUC AFFAIRS SOCIAL SCIENCES DEGREE PROGRAMS AT A GLANCE1 Baccalaureate Programs B.S. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, information systems, inter national business, marketing, minerals land management, organization man agement, personnel-human resources management , production and opera tions management, public agency ad ministration, real estate, small business management, transportation and traffic management teacher cenification program civil engineering , civil engineering and business, electrical engineering, elecuical engineering and business, elec trical engineering and computer science, electrical engineering and computer science and business , applied mathematics, applied mathematics and business, mechanical engineering , mechanical en gineering and business offered only at Boulder communication and theatre, creative arts , English, fine arts, French, German, philosophy , Spanish , writing program musiC biology, chemistry 1 geography, geology, mathematics, physics, population dynamics, psychology anthropology, economics, ethnic studies, history, political sCience, sociology, urban studies Master's Programs M.B. A. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, management science, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, transponation and traffic management M . S . : accounting, finance, manage ment science, marketing , management and organization early childhood education, educational psychology, elementary education , foun dations, guidance and counseling, initial certification program, library media, reading , secondary education, special ed ucation applied mathematics, civil engineer ing, computer science, electrical en gineering, engineering, environmental science, mechanical engineering architecture, architecture in urban de sign, interior design-interior arch i tecture and space planning-transportation design, landscape architecture, planning and community development communication and theatre, English, humanities (also , doctorate in commun ication and theatre and English) basic science, biology, chemistry, en vironmental science, geography, mathe matics , psychology (also doctorate in biology) criminal justice , public administration, urban affairs (also, doctorate in public administration) anthropology I economics, history , political science , social sCJenc e, sociology 1Cou.rses in many other undergraduate 2nd graduate areas are offered at UCD, but degrees m ust be completed :u the University of Colo rado at Boulder . U CD also offers prep rofessi o nal programs in law. jou rnalism. and the health nrttrs (child health associate . demal hygi ene , drn tisuy, m edical m edicine, nursing , optometry, osteop:uhy , pharmacy. physic:aJ therapy . wd veterinary medicin e).

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UNDERGRADUATE AND SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION INFORMATION1 • 2 Type of Applicant Criteria for Admission2 Required Credentials When to Apply Notes FRESHMAN IN GENERAL: Complete application Not later than: For specific requirements refer to (Students seeking a bachelor' s a) Rank i n upper hall of high $1 0 application fee July 15 for fall the college sections of this bul degree who have never a t school graduating class. Official h igh school transcript Oec. 1 for spring letin. For example, Music re tended a collegiate insti b) Have 16 units of acceptable showing rank-i n-class, date of May 1 for summer quires an audition. tution) high school work. graduation. 7th semester Seniors who meet or exceed all c) Test scores: grades, 8th semester courses admission criteri a may apply ACT comp: 23 Offi c ial ACT or SAT score report. as early as Oct. 1 for or following fall. SAT comb: 1000 Note: Business and Engineering applicants are e xpected to have higher test scores and class rank. TRANSFER1 IN GENERAL: Complete application Not later than: Transfers to the School of Educa (Students seeking a bachelor's Must be i n good standing and $1 0 application fee July 1 5 for fall lion consult that section for ad degree who have attended a eligible to return to all instilu Two official transcripts sent from Dec. 1 for spring ditional requirements. collegiate institution other lions previously attended. each college attended May 1 for summer Liberal arts and music transfers than CU) Applicants mus t have a minimum with less than 12 sem. hrs. of 2 . 0 GPA on all work attempted. college work (business and en Business and Engineering gineering transfers with less applicants will be required to than 24 sem. hrs. ) must also have a higher GPA. submit all freshman credentials. SPECIAL Must be at least 21 years old Complete application Not later than: Graduate special students see (Students who are not seeking (except in summer). Aug. 1 for fall Graduate School section for a degree at this institution) Must be high school graduate. Dec. 1 for spring additional information. May 1 for summer Application will also be ac cepted at registration if space allows. RETURNING CU STUDENT Must be in good standing Former student application Same as for special students Students under academic sus (Returning special students, pension in certai n schools or returning degree students colleges at the University of who have not attended an Colorado may enroll during the other institution since CU) summer terms as a means of improving their grade-point averages. RETURNING CU STUDENT Same as for transfers Complete application Same as for transfers (Returning degree students who $1 0 application fee have attempted 12 or more Two official transcripts from hours at another institution each intervening college since attending CU) CHANGE OF STATUS: Same as for transfers Same as for transfers Same as for transfers SPECIAL TO DEGREE Plus CU transcript (Former CU special students who wish to enter a degree program) CHANGE OF STATUS: Must have completed degree. Special student application Same as for special students Only students who have com DEGREE TO SPECIAL pleted and received degrees (Former CU degree students are eligible to change to spewho have graduated and wish cial status. to take additional work) INTERCAMPUS TRANSFER Must be in good standing Former student application Transfer to Denver: same as Transfers from Denver to another (Students who have been en for specials campus of CU should refer to rolled on one CU campus appropriate bulleti n for addi and wish to take courses on tiona! requirements . another) Transfer from Denver : refer to appropriate bulletin. INTRAUNIVERSITY Same as for transfers lntrauniversity transfer application 60 days prior to the beginning TRANSFER CU transcript of the term (Students who wish to change from one CU college to an other, e . g., from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to the College of Business) wUI be accepted only as long a s openings remain. Requirements for individual schools or colleges may vary.

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General Information THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER : AN URBAN UNIVERS ITY CAMPUS The University of Colorado at Denver (UC D ) is an ur ban , nonresidential campus located in downtown Denver . The campus is easily accessible to commuters from a four county area and is close to major business and government offices in downtown Denver , as well as to civic and cultural centers. UCD is one of the largest state-supported institu tions of higher education in Colorado in terms of enroll ment, with an average of9,800 (approximately 5,333 term FTE-full-time equivalent-students) enrolled during a semester . The UCD Administration Building is located at 1100 Fourteenth Street. UCD shares library , laboratory , class room , and recreation facilities with two other metropolitan institutions on a single campus , the Auraria Higher Educa tion Center . Academic Programs UCD is committed to meeting the needs of the metro politan Denver community. Academic, public service , and research activities are geared to the needs of the urban population and environment, encompassing both tradi tional and nontraditional fields of study . Students en rolled at UCD can earn undergraduate degrees in some 3 5 fields and graduate degrees in nearly 50 fields . The col leges and schools at UCD are: College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration College of Design and Planning School of Education College of Engineering and Applied Science College of liberal Arts and Sciences College of Music Graduate School Graduate School of Public Affairs The undergraduate colleges admit freshmen and offer programs leading to the baccalaureate degree in the arts , sciences, humanities , business , engineering, and music. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences also provides pre professional training in the fields of education , law, jour nalism , and the health sciences. The School of Education offers programs leading to teacher certification to students with two years of college work . The Graduate School offers master's programs in the arts, sciences, humanities , engineering, business , education , and music to students with baccalaureate degrees . The College of Des ign and Planning , the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs provide pro grams leading to the master's degree in their specialized areas . The Graduate School of Public Affairs also offers a doctorate in public administration. For complete bachelor's and master's degree programs offered by UCD, see the Degree Programs at a Glance chart at the beginning of this bulletin . The college and school sections of this bulletin describe specific policies on requirements for graduation, course re quirements for various majors , course load policies, and similar information . Course offerings appear in a separate section of this bulletin . Students Highly motivated people from all walks of life make up UCD's student body. The diversity of backgrounds, in terests, occupations, and ages stimulates a unique learning experience for the men and women enrolled at UCD. Students range in age from 16 to 70. Approximately 84% of thestudents hold full-time or part-time jobs and 39% are enrolled at the graduate level. In order to give students maximum flexibility in planning both educational and employment goals, more than half of the courses are of fered during the evening hours. Students may begin studies in most areas at the beginning of the fall or spring semester, or the summer term . Faculty and Accredi tation More than 260 highly qualified faculty members teach full time at UCD ; most have doctoral degrees . The faculty is alert to the challenges of the urban environment and responsive to the needs of the commuter student . UCD is accredited by or holds membership in the following organizations: ACCREDITATION North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools National Council for the Accreditation of Teache r Edu cauon National Architectural Accrediting Board See the College of Engineering and Applied Science sec tion of this bulletin for the programs accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology National Association of Schools of Music

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2 I University of Colorado at Denver MEMBERSHIP Association of Urban Universities American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning Council of University Institutes for Urban Affairs National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration University of Colorado System UCD is one of four campuses of the University of Colo rado. The University was founded in Boulder in 1876, and the University of Colorado at Boulder now serves over 20,000 students enrolled in undergraduate, graduate , and professional programs . The Health Sciences Center in Denver provides education and training to medical, den tal, nursing, and allied health personnel. The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs serves over 4,800 students in the Pikes Peak region, offering undergraduate, graduate , and professional programs . UCD's special role within the University system is to provide urban oriented educational programs for students in the Denver metropolitan area. Students have access to the library resources of all cam puses and cultural events sponsored within the University system. The official transcript of any student who first enrolled in the spring semester 1978 or afterwards and who grad uates from an undergraduate program operated solely by UCD will indicate that the degree was conferred at Denver . At present the only undergraduate program oper ated solely by UCD is the College of liberal Arts and Sciences . Auraria Higher Education Center The Auraria Higher Education Center is the site for the University of Colorado at Denver, Metropolitan State Col lege , and the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver. The three institutions share library, classroom , and related facilities on the Auraria campus, a 168-acre site in downtown Denver . Cenain courses and programs are cooperatively offered. The Auraria campus includes administrative and classroom buildings, the Auraria library and Media Center, the student center, book center , child care and devel opment centers, the physical education building , science building , and service buildings. The new buildings share the campus with reminders of Denver's past-historic Ninth Street Park , churches, and the Tivoli brewery built in 1882. Equal Opportunity The University of Colorado at Denver follows a policy of equal opponunity in education and in employment . In pursuance of this policy, no UCD department , unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an in dividual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed, color, age, national origin , or individual handicap . This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees. The institution's educational programs , activities, and services , offered to students and/ or employees are administered on a nondiscriminatory basis subject to the pro visions of Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. A UCD Equal Opportunity I Affirmative Action Pro gram has been established to implement this policy . For information about these provisions on equity, discrimina tion, or fairness, consult the Affirmative Action Director at UCD . I . ADMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES All questions and correspondence regarding admission to UCD and requests for application forms should be directed to : Office of Admissions and Records University of Colorado at Denver llOO Founeenth Street Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 629-2660 General Policies UCD seeks to identify applicants who are likely to com plete an academic program successfully. Admission deci sions are based on many factors , the most imponant be mg: 1. Level of previous academic performance . 2. Evidence of scholarly ability and accomplishment, as indicated by scores on national aptitude tests. 3. Maturity, motivation, and potential for academic growth. UCD reserves the right to deny admission to new ap plicants or readmission to former students whose total cre dentials indicate an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the Uni versity in order to carry out its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution. Admission of Undergraduate Degree Students APPLICATION DEADLINES Undergraduate Fall Students 1982 New Students July 15 Transfer Students July 15 International Students July 15 Former University of Colorado Students Aug . 1 lnuauniversity Spring Summer 1983 1983 Dec. 1 May 2 Dec. 1 May 2 Dec . 1 Mar . 2 Jan. 4 May 13 Transfer Students 60 days prior to the beginning of the term The University reserves the right to change application deadline s in accor dance with enrollment demands , and applicants should apply as early as possible . Updated information is available from the Office of Admissions and Records , (303) 629-2660 . AU documents required for admission must be received by the Office of Admissions and Records b y the deadline for an applicant to be consi dered for the term de sire d . Applicants who are unable to meet the deadline may elect to have admission consideratio n made for a later term. Transfer students are reminded that sufficient time

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should be allowed to have uanscripts sent from institutions attended pre viously , and foreign students are advised that it usually takes 120 days for credentials to reach the Office of Admissions and Records from interna tional locations . ADMISSION REQUIR EMENTS F OR FRESHMEN New freshmen may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Ans and Sciences, and Music. 1 . General Requirements. The applicant must be a high school graduate or have been awarded a High School Equivalency Certificate by completing the General Educa tion Development (GED) Test. Applicants with a High School Equivalency Certificate must have an average standard score of 45 with no one score below 36 on each section of the GED test to be consi d ered for admission. Applicants who have completed the Spanish Language General Educational Development Test must also submit scores from Test VI, "English as a Second Language. " Applicants should have completed a minimum of 15 units of acceptable secondary school (grades 9-12) credit . Students applying for admission to the College of Engi neering must have completed a minimum of 16 units of acceptable secondary school credit. A unit of credit is one year of high school course work. While the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences does not specify particular units, other undergraduate colleges have the following re q uuements: College of Business and Administration English .......................................... , ........ 3 Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Natural sciences (labo ratory type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social sciences (including history) .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . 2 Electives.. . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. .. . .. . . . 5 (Such as foreign languages and additional academic courses. May include up to 2 units in business areas.) Total 15 College of Engineering and Applied Science1 English (literature , composition, grammar) .........•............ 4 Mathematics disuibuted as follows : Algebra ................................................. 2 Geomeuy . .............................................. 1 Additional mathematics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social studies and humanities (Foreign languages and additional units of English, history , and literature are included) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives ................................................ . .:..:..2 Total 16 College of Music English .............. . ...... .............................. 3 Theoretical music ....... . ...... . ..................... 1 Physical science ........... .......................... . Social science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... 8 Foreign language ................... . ............... . Mathematics . ................................ . ... .. . Additional high school academic units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Total """15 It is expected that all students will have had previou s experience in an applied music area. Two years of piano uaining are recommended. The College of Music requires an audition of all entering freshmen and undergraduate uansfer students . In lieu of the per sonal audition, ap plicants may substitute tape recordings (about 10 minutes in length on 71/z ips monaural) or a statement of excellence by a qualified teacher. In -Genera/Information I 3 terested students should write to the College of Music, UCD, for audition or interview applications . 2. AJI Applicants. All applicants who meet the above requirements are classified in two ways for admission pur poses: a. Preferred consideration is given to applicants who rank in the upper half of their high school graduating class and have a composite score of 23 or higher on the American College Test (ACT) or a combined score of 1000 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). However, engineering ap plicants are expected to have a strong mathematics and science background, somewhat higher scores on the mathematics portion of the ACT or SAT, and higher class rank. Business students are expected to have a strong mathematics background, higher class rank and higher test scores . Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition. b . Applicants who rank in the lower half of their high school graduating class, and/or have combined SAT scores below 1000 or a composite ACT score below 23, and/or do not have 15 units of acceptable high school credit are considered on an individual basis. How to Apply 1 . Students should obtain an Application for Under graduate Admission from their Colorado high school counselor or the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. 2. The application must be completed in full and sent to the Office of Admissions and Records. A $10 (subject to change) nonrefundable application fee must accompany the application. An applicant who is granted admission , but who is unable to enroll for the term applied for, will have the $10 fee valid for 12 months, provided the appli cant informs Admissions and Records that he or she in tends to enroll for a later term. 3 . Students are required to have their high school send an official transcript of their high school grades, including class rank, to the Office of Admissions and Records. 4 . Students also are required to take either the Amer ican College Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and request that test scores be sent to UCD (ACT code 0533 or SAT code R-4875). High school students may obtain information from their counselors regarding when and where tests are given. Applicants who took one of these tests earlier and did not designate UCD to receive scores must request the testing agency to send scores to UCD . This is done by completing a Request for Additional Score Report available at test centers or from the offices listed below . Registration Department American College Testing Program (ACT) P . O. Box 414 Iowa City , Iowa 52240 •Sec the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for m ore spific in formation.

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4 I University of Colorado at Denver College . Entrance Examination Board (SAT) P.O . Box 592 Princeton, New Jersey 08540 College Entrance Examination Board (SAT) P.O. Box 1025 Berkeley, California 94704 5. Students who did not graduate from high school are required to send a copy of their GED test scores and GED certificate to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records . All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS Transfer students may apply for admission to the Col leges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. Students interested in the field of education should con tact the School of Education office for information (629-2717) . Transfer students are given priority consideration for admission as follows: 1. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and College of Music. Both Colorado residents and nonresidents' must have at least a 2.0 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4 . 0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cum ulative average . Music applicants must also successfully pass a music audition . Contact the College of Music for audition information. 2. College of Business and Administration and College of Engineering and Applied Science. Both Colorado residents and nonresidents' must have at least a 2.5 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work at tempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average . Students must have earned a C (2.0) or better in all business courses com pleted. In addition to the above academic requirements, prefer red consideration is given to transfer applicants who have completed more than 12 semester credit hours (18 quarter hours) at an institution of university rank or to transfer ap plicants who have completed at least 45 semester credit hours ( 68 quarter hours) at a two-year college or a four-year state college . Important Note: Applicants who do not meet the above grade-point average or credit hour requirements wtil sttil be considered for admission , but on an individual basis. The pn' mary factors used when considen ' ng students in dividually are (1) the academic program to which admis sion is desired; (2) the quality of pn or academic work ; (3) age, matunty, and noncollegiate achievements; and (4) time elapsed since last attendance at previous colleges. How to Apply 1. The student should obtain a transfer application from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records . 2. The application form must be completed and returned to the Office of Admissions and Records with the $102 nonrefundable application fee . 3. The student is required to have two official tran scripts sent to the Office of Admissions and Records from each collegiate institution attended . If a student is cur rently enrolled, a transcript listing all courses except those taken in the final term should be sent. Another transcript must be submitted after completion of the final term. (Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language and accompanied by a certified literal English translation . ) 4. Applicants with less than 12 semester hours (18 quar ter hours) of college work completed must also submit a high school transcript and ACT or SAT test scores (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hours for business or en gineering transfers) . 5 . Applicants to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences should be aware that they may be able to receive credit for foreign language taken during the high school years provided they furnish an official high school tran script to the dean ' s office . Further information may be ob tained from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file. Transfer of College-Level Credit The Office of Admissions and Records and the ap propriate academic unit will determine which courses taken at another institution can be applied to a degree pro gram at UCD after all official transcripts have been re ceived and the applicant has been admitted as a degree student. In general, transfer credit will be accepted insofar as it meets the degree, grade, and residence requirements at UCD . College-level credit may be transferred to the University if it was earned at a college or university of recognized standing, by advanced placement examinations, or in military service or schooling as recommended by the Com mission on Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education ; if a grade of Cor higher was attained; and if the credit is for courses appropriate to the degree sought at this institution . The University may accept up to 72 semester credits ( 108 quarter credits) of work from a two-year institution toward the baccalaureate degree requirements and may accept up to 102 semester credits (168 quarter hours) from a four year college or university. No credit is allowed for vocational/ technical , remedial , or religious I doctrinal work. A maximum of 60 semester credits of extension and cor respondence work (not to include more than 30 semester credits of correspondence) may be allowed if the above conditions are met . 1Scc Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes for a ddi.nition of resident and nonresident. :asubjcct to chang e .

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The College of Business and Administration generally limits transfer credit for business courses taken at the lower division level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado unless written approval is obtained from the division head. A maximum of 60 semester hours (90 quarter hours) of junior college work and 9 semester hours of business courses taken through cor respondence study may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. All c orrespondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability , and required business courses and those in the area of emphasis may not be taken through correspondence. Readmiss ion Requirements for Former CU Students UCD students who have not registered and attended class at UCD or any other college or university for one year or longer are former students and must formally apply for readmission . Former student application forms are avail able at the Office of Admissions and Records. Former students who attended another college or uni versity since last attending the University of Colorado must apply as transfer students . Thi s requires payment of the $10 application fee and submission of transcripts from all previously attended colleges and univers i ties, including transcripts from the University of Colorado . Request CU transcripts (without charge) from the Registrar , Attention Transcripts , Boulder , Colorado 80309 . Transcripts should be sent to UCD , Admissions Processing , 1100 14th Street , Denver , Colorado 80202 . Students who last attended UCD less than one year ago but attended another college or university during the in terim may transfer up to 11 semester hours from the other institution without fees. Transfer of 12 or more hours re quires payment of a $10 transfer fee . Transcripts must be requested by the student and sent by the registrar of the other institution(s) to UCD, Evaluation Processing , 1100 14th Street , Denver , Colorado 80202 . Internat i onal Students Undergraduate. International students who desire to at tend the University of Colorado at Denver must present one full year or more of academic study (24 semester hours or 36 quarter hours) from another accredited American collegiate institution or a TOEFL score of 525 before they may be considered for admission . Transfer students must have a minimum of a 2.75 grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) on all work attempted and submit proof of English proficiency. An application form may be obtained from the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. Application and supporting credentials are to be pre sented to the admissions office prior to published deadline dates for the term in which the student is applying . Tran scripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language , accompanied by a certified literal English translation . Graduate . International students who desire graduate study at UCD must possess the equivalent of an American baccalaureate (undergraduate) degree and fulfill other re quirements as designated by the graduate program to which they are applying. Applications can be obtained G e neral Information I 5 from the individual graduate school s . Appl i cation and cre dentials should be presented to t he individual graduate school 6 months prior to the t erm for whi c h the s tudent is applying . UCD lntrauniversity Transfer or Change of Campus UCD students ma y change colleges or schools within UCD provided they are accepte d b y the c ollege or school to which they wish to transfer. UCD Intraunivers i t y Transfer Forms may be obta i ned from the Office of Admissions and Records . Students should observe application deadlines in dicated in the current S c hedule of Courses. Decisions on intrauniversit y transfers are made b y the c oll e g e or school to wh i ch the student wishes to transfer . UCD students may change campuses by applying di rectl y to the Admission s Offi c e o f the Universit y of Colo rado campus to which the y wish to transfer . Change of Campus applications and deadl i ne information also must be obtained from the c ampu s to wh i ch the student is ap plying. Arts and sciences students at t h e Boulder campus who wish to transfer t o Denver must make arr a ngements with the Dean of the College o f Art s and Scien c es. High School Concurrent Enrollment High school juniors and s enior s w i th pro v en academic abilities may be adm i tted to UCD with special approval . Credit for course s taken ma y s ubsequentl y be appl i ed toward a University degree program . For more informat i on and application instructions, c ontact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records. Admis sion of Graduate Degree Students All corresponden c e and questions regard i ng admission to the graduate program s at UCD should b e directed to the following : Programs i n Business Office of Graduate Studies Graduate School of Business Administration 629-2605 Programs in Environm ental Design College of Environmental Design 629-2877 Programs in Publi c Affairs Graduate School of Publi c Affairs 629-2825 All Other Programs Graduate School 629-2663 GRADUATE PROGRAMS As a principal part of its mission , UCD offers graduate and professional-level programs for the convenience of Denver residents . During the 1980-81 academic year , ap-

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6 I University of Colorado at Denver proximately 39 percent of the student body was enrolled at the graduate level. Graduate degree programs are offered through the Graduate School by its member schools and colleges, and outside the Graduate School by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the College of Environmental Design, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs . The particular admission and graduation requirements estab lished by each of these academic units are detailed in the following sections of this bulletin. Students holding baccalaureate degrees but who are not accepted to specific degree programs may enroll for graduate course work as graduate special students. Several types of students make use of the special student category . Among these are students who have attained whatever degree or credential status they feel is desirable, but who wish to take additional course work for professional or per sonal improvement; students who, for whatever reason (weak undergraduate background, change of discipline , or length of time since previous formal course work), feel the need to make up deficiencies before entering a degree pro gram ; and students who have not decided about entering a specific degree program. Such students should be aware that, generally, only limited course credits taken as a special student may be applied toward a degree program. Also, a 2 . 0 minimum grade-point average must be main tained to permit continuing registration as a graduate special student . Students interested in applying as graduate special students should contact the Office of Ad missions and Records for applications . GRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION DEADLINES Admission requirements and application deadlines vary acwrding to the individual graduate program. The Graduate School has general admission requirements which are supplemented by specific requirements of the major departments of graduate study (e.g., electrical engineering , education, English, etc.) . Applicants in the fields of education, engineering, and the arts, sciences, and humanities should consult the general information section of the Graduate School portion of this bulletin as well as the following sections dealing with requirements and deadlines for specific programs . Applicants in the fields of business administration, public affairs, and en vironmental design should refer to the sections of this bulletin on the Graduate School of Business Administra tion, the Graduate School of Public Affairs , and the Col lege of Environmental Design . Admission of Nondegree Special Students All correspondence and questions regarding admission as a special student should be directed to the UCD Office of Admissions and Records . Persons desiring admission as special students for the purpose of teacher certification should contact the School of Education , 629-2717 . SPECIAL STUDENT APPLICATION DEADLINES Special Students Pa/11982 Those who want to take undergraduate Aug . 2 or graduate courses Those who want to change from special July 15 to degree status Those who want teacher cc:nificacion Feb . 1 REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION Spring 1983 Dec . 1 Dec. 1 N . A . Summer 1983 May 2 May 2 Feb . 1 Persons who want to take University courses but do not plan to work toward a University of Colorado degree are admitted as special students . Courses taken as a special stu dent are fully credited and can be used for transfer to other institutions or for professional improvement. Persons who do not have an undergraduate degree are encouraged to apply to an undergraduate degree program rather than ap ply as special students. UCD will enroll persons without an undergraduate degree as special students for 12 semester hours, after which the student must apply to a regular degree program . Persons with a baccalaureate degree who seek teacher certification or renewal of certification may be admitted as special students if they meet the requirements of the School of Education. Special students must main tain a grade-point average of 2 . 0 at UCD. HOW TO APPLY FOR SPECIAL STUDENT ADMISSION To apply for admission as a special st udent , obtain a Special Student Application Form from the Office of Ad missions and Records . Return the completed application by the deadline for the term desired. There is no applica tion fee, and no additional credentials are required. Ap plicants who seek teacher certification or renewal of teache r certification must apply separately to the School of Educa tion and submit the required credentials. Special students are advised that registration for courses is on a space available basis . CHANGING STATUS FROM SPECIAL TO DEGREE STUDENT Special students may apply for admission to an under graduate degree program by completing the Special to Degree Application available from the Office of Admis sions and Records . Academic credentials (i.e., transcripts and/or test scores) and a $10 (subject to change) nonre fundable application fee also must be submitted. Special students who are accepted as undergraduate degree students may generally transfer a maximum number of semester credits for courses taken as a special student to an undergraduate degree program, with approval of the dean . Special students should consult with the college to which they are applying during the first semester of their enrollment for the maximum number of sem ester credit hours acceptable toward a degree program as a special stu dent. (Students enrolled as special students prior to the fall semester of 1970 are subject to the policies in effect be tween January of 1969 and August of 1970.)

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Special students may apply for admission to a graduate degree program by completing the application required by the particular program . The graduate dean , upon recom mendation by the department, may accept up to 8 semester hours of credit toward the requirements for a master's degree for courses taken as a special student at the University or at another recognized graduate school, or some combination thereof. The department may recom mend acceptance of additional credit for courses taken as a special student during the semester the student has applied for admission to the desired degree pro gram . Official Notification of Admission Official notification of admission to UCD as an under graduate, graduate, or special student i s provided by the Office of Admissions and Records on a Statement of Ad mission Eligibility Form. Letters from the various schools and colleges indicating acceptance into a part i cular pro gram are subject to official admission to the institution . Applicants who do not receive official notification of ad mission within a reasonable period of time after submit ting application materials should contact the Office of Ad missions and Records , ( 303) 629-2660. II. TUITION AND FEES Tuition and Fees All tuition and fee c harges are established b y the Board of Regents, the governing body of the University of Col orado , i n accordance with legislation enacted annually (usually in the spring) by the Colorado General Assembly . The Regents reserve the right to change tuition and fee rates at any time . A tuition schedule is published prior to registration for each term, and students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for further informa cion on the tuition and fee charges for a particular term . The rates below are for the 1981-82 academic year and are provided to assist prospective students in anticipating cost . TUITION RATE TABLE FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1981-82 (SUMMER 1981, FALL 1981, AND SPRING 1982) Undergnzduate Degree StudentJ Graduate Degree Student! (and Special Student! witho u t Degree (S)) (and Special Studenti with Degree (SW) ) Cred 1 i H ouri Credit Houri o[ E n rol/men / ReJidenr Nonresident o[ Enrollment Resident 0 I s 26 s 98 0 I s 29 s 106 2 52 196 2 58 212 3 7 8 294 3 87 318 4 1 04 392 4 116 424 5 130 490 5 145 530 6 156 588 6 174 636 7 1 82 1 .465 7 203 U91 8 208 I , 465 8 232 I , 591 9 234 1,465 9 26 1 U91 10-18 333 I ,465 10-18 36 9 U91 Each credit Each credit hoUI over 18 s 22 $ 98 hour over 18 s 25 s 106 General Information I 7 OTHER FEES L Student activity fee (mandatory for all students) : Fall semester 1 981 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $201 Spring semester 1982 . . . . . . . . . . . . $201 2. Matnculation fee (mandatory for all new students) : Degree studenrs ................ . $151 Special srudenrs ................. $ 51 This is a one-time nonrefundable fee charged at the time of initial registration. No further charges will be made for adding or dropping courses or for ordering tran scripts. A special student who becomes a degree student will be charged $10 at the initial registration as a degree student . 3 . Health insurance fee (automatic for all students unless waived): Fall or spring semester ......... $51 . 461 Summerrerm ... ............ $34 . 5 91 If the Student does not want health insurance coverage, it is the student's responsibility to check the appropriate box on the Tuition Assessment/Payment cards and sign the card during mail/walk-in registration. The insurance program primarily subsidizes major medical expenses ac cording to the schedule of benefits stated in the insurance brochure, which may be obtained from the Office for Stu dent Affairs . Dependent coverage (spouse and I or children) also is available at an additional charge . Further informacion on health insurance is available from the Of fice for Student Affairs, 629-2861. 4. Doctoral dissertation fee (mandatory for all students certified by the Graduate School for enrollment for doc toral dissertation) : students should contact the Graduate School for guidelines affecting charges for enrollment. 5 . Comprehensive examination fee : Any student in the Graduate School or Graduate School of Public Affairs must be enrolled during the term in which the Compre hensive Examination for an M . A . degree is completed . Students who are not taking regular courses during that term must enroll as " Candidate for Degree ." Tuition for " Candidate for Degree" enrollment is minimum graduate resident tuition . 6 . Laboratory breakage fee (mandatory for students enrolled in a chemistry laboratory course): Breakage depos i t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $10 This fee will be refunded at the end of the term if ap propriate . 7. Music laboratory fee (mandatory for College of Music students and others enrolled in certain music courses) : Musi c fee ................ . . . . . . $2 4 College of Music students and others enrolled in piano, sound recording and reinforcement , and electronic music must pay this fee. No student is charged more than one $24 fee . 1lndudes bond retirement f ee . 'Subject to ch10ge .

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8 I University of Colorado at Denver PAYMENT OF TUITION AND FEES All tuition and fees are assessed and payable when the student registers for the term, according to guidelines in the current Schedul e of Courses. Arrangements may be made through the Finance Office at the time of registra tion to defer payment of part of the charges. Specific infor mation on deferred payment is included in the Schedul e of Courses published before each semester or summer term . Students who register for courses are liable for payment of tuition and fees even though they may drop out of school. Refund policies for students who withdraw from the University are included in the Schedule of Courses . A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term , to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or special certificate . The only exception to this regulation involves students with loans and other types of indebted ness which are payable after graduation. Personal checks are accepted for any University obliga tion . Any student who pays with a check which is not ac ceptable to the bank may be immediately dropped from the rolls of the University. Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes General Policies. A student is initially classified as a resi dent or nonresident student for tuition purposes at the time of app lication to the University . The classification is based on information furnished by the student and other relevant sources. To be eligible for in-state tuition (resi dent) status the following requirements (as defined in the Colorado Revised Statutes, Chapter 124 , Article 18) must be met by students who are 21 years of age or older (or emancipated minors as defined by law): (1) the student must have been domiciled in Colorado for 12 consecutive months preceding the first day of classes for the term in which in-state status is desired ; (2) the student must demonstrate significant intent to make Colorado a fixed and permanent residence . Intent is demonstrated by com pliance with other mandatory laws of the state for 12 con secutive months (i. e., valid driver's license , valid motor vehicle registration , payment of state income tax, voter registration, etc .). An unemancipated minor assumes the domicile of his or her parents. Once the student ' s status is established , it remains un changed unless satisfactory information to the contrar y is presented . A student who, due to subsequent events, be comes eligible for a change in classification from resident to nonresident or vice versa must inform the Office of Ad missions and Records within 15 days after such a change occurs. An adult student or emancipated minor who moves outside of Colorado must send written notificat ion to the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days of the change . Petz"tioning for a Change in Residency Classification. Any student who is 22 years of age or older, or an eman cipated minor as defined by law, may change his or her residence and tuition classification status. Detailed infor mation on the procedures which must be followed, in cluding necessary petition forms , is available from the Of fice of Admissions and Records . Petitions will not be considered until an application for admission and supporting credentials have been received by the University . Changes in classification are effective at the time of the student's next registration . A student who willfully gives wrong in formation in order to avoid paying out-of-state tuition is subject to legal and disciplinary action . Ill. FINANCIAL AID AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER The financial aid program at the University is designed to assist those students who would be unable to attend the University without aid. While the primary responsibility for meeting the costs of education rests with individual students and their families, financial aid funds are offered to supplement whatevtr funds students and their families can provide. Since requests generally exceed the availabil ity of funds, students and their families should be aware of procedures and deadlines in order to receive maximum consi deration . Questions and requests for forms should be directed to the Office of Financial Aid and Student Em ployment at UCD, Central Classroom Building , Room 105, 629-2886. Estimated Expenses Educational expenses at UCD include tuition, fees, and the cost of books and related instructional materials . Students who do not live with their parents must also in clude the cost of housing and food expenses. All students shou ld consider transportation and personal expenditures (i .e., clothing , entertainment, etc.) in determining their expenses. The Office of Financial Aid establishes standard budgets for different types of students (dependent stu dents living at home with parents, single students living away from home , married students, etc.) to bring about consistency and equity in determining the financial needs of all students. The standard budgets are established in line with parameters set by the Colorado Commission on H ighe r Education and the Department of Education . For the 1981 -82 academic year the standard budgets allowed $237 per month living allowance for dependent students living at home, $432 per month for single students not living at home , and $606 per month for mar ried students . An allowance of $122 per month was added per dependent child in the student's home . The living allowance included amounts for rent, food, utilities, per sonal expenses , and transportation . The cost of tuition, fees, and medical expenses for the 1981 -82 academic year was $766 for a resident student and $3,030 for a nonresi dent student. Graduate students were assessed $564 as residents and $3,282 as nonresidents . Books and supplies were estimated at $200 for the 1981-82 academi c year. All expenses will increase slightly for the 1982-83 academic year. The State of Colorado and the Board of Regents usuall y set tuition guidelines and rates during the month of May for the summer and academic year. The standards for living allowances are usually set during the spring semester for the following summer and academic year. Students who have additional costs above the standard allowances can request a review of their situation by the

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Financial Aid Committee . The committee must receive documentation of extra expenses and can consider an in dividual exception to the standard allowances. Examples of these kinds of exceptions are babysitting expenses , medical costs, dental and optical expenses . Determination of Financial Need and Award Financial need is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance as defined by the institution (tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board, transporta tion and essential incidental expenses) and total resources available to the student. These resources include a family contribution (summ er savings, term earnings , a spouse contribution , and a parental contribution) and awards from agencies outside the University . Financial need is determined by a national uniform needs analysis system administered by agencies such as the American College Testing Program . This system analyzes income and assets, family size, number of children in post secondary education, student independence, etc . , to de termine a reasonable student and/ or family contribution . Mter the financial need is determined , students are ranked in order of financial need and are aided accordingly until all funds are committed. The financial aid package normally consists of a self-help component (loans and/or employment) and a gift aid component (grants) propor tionate to the available funds and to the number of needy students applying. A small portion of Colorado work study funds is available to interested students who do not document financial need . How to Apply Application forms may be obtained by contacting the Office of Financial Aid and Student Employment . Students are asked to complete an institutional application and a needs analysis form. The application includes a checklist of required documents to be submitted . Parents are expected to contribute toward a student's ed ucational costs . However, in certain cases students may be considered financially independent of their parents. To be eligible for financial aid as a self-supporting student, a student (1) cannot be claimed as a tax exemption, (2) cannot receive $750 or more, or (3) cannot live at home for more than six weeks for the year aid is received and for the entire preceding calendar year. For example, for a student toreceive aid as a self-s upporting student during the 1982-83 academic year, the above three criteria must be met for 1981 and 1982 . Note: Requirements for receiving aid as a self-support ing student are subject to change by the federal and state governments. Self-supporting students must document their status by providing income tax forms or other supporting docu ments to show sufficient income to be self-supporting dur ing the appropriate period of time. In some cases, addi tional documentation from parents is required to complete a student ' s application . The information provided on the application for financial aid is analyzed according to the uniform needs analysis formula to determine the student's ability to contribute to his or her educational costs during the academic year . General Information I 9 To be eligible for fmancial aid , students must be U.S . citizens or permanent residents or have a refugee visa . Eligible foreign students are advised to include a photo copy of their visa cards with their applications to facilitate processmg. Available Funds Undergraduate Students . Undergraduate students are eligible to submit the following three applications : 1 . The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS). Under this two-part application the student will be considered for : Federal Pell Grant (BEOG) Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG) Federal Work-Study Assistance Federal National Direct Student Loan (NDSL) State Colorado Student Grant ( CSG) State Colorado Work-Study Assistance State and Federal Colorado Student Incentive Grant (CSIG) (Students classified as nonresident for tuition purposes are not eligible for state financial aid funds . ) 2 . Pel/ Grant {formerly Basic Educational Opportunity Grant). This is a separate federal grant program which students can apply for if they do not apply for financial aid under number one above . 3 . Guaranteed Student Loan (GSL). See the Types of Aid Available section for details . Graduate Students. Graduate students are eligible to submit the following two applications: 1 . The University application plus the Family Financial Statement (FFS) . Under this two-part application, the student will be considered for: Federal Work-Study Assistance Federal National Direct Student Loan (NDSL) State of Colorado Graduate Grant 2 . Guaranteed Student Loan. See the Types of Aid Available section for details . Priority Filing Dates A student may apply for a Pell Grant or GSL at any time up to March 15, 1983. Other aid is offered on a first-come , first-served basis to needy students who have complete ap plications on file with the Office of Financial Aid . March 1 -All students applying for financial aid for the summer 1982 , fall 1982, or spring 1983 . October 22 All students applying for financial aid for the spring semester only . If a student submits an application by the priority filing date, the chances for receiving aid are improved. In evety case, the aid offered depends upon the student showing financial need and funds being available. Special Note : An application for financial aid does not constitute an application for admission to the University . Please contact the UCD Office of Admissions and Records for application forms and procedures . Applicants will not receive financial aid until they are enrolled in a degree pro gram at the University . Special students are not eligible for most financial aid . In unusual situations , a special student may apply for a Guaranteed Student Loan.

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10 I University of Colorado at Denver Types of Aid Available SCHOLARSHIPS Colorado Scholarships. Colorado Scholars Awards pro vide up to $500 for Colorado residents who have at least a 3.0 grade-point average and have attended the University for at least 12 credit hours. These scholarships are funded by the state of Colorado . Information and application materials are available in the Office of Financial Aid . The Office of Admissions and Records considers incoming students for Scholars Awards . All resident freshman and transfer students should contact that office for further in formation. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps. The Department of Military Science offers students three-year , two-year, and one-year scholarships. These scholarships cover all tui tion and fees, books and supplies, and they provide a tax free monthly stipend of $100. All advanced-course stu dents (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Upon completion of the ROTC curriculum, students are eligible for a commission in the Reserves, National Guard , or active Army . For more infor mation , call 629-3490 , or visit 1059 9th Street Park. GRANTS Pel/ Grant (formerly Basic Educational Opportunity Grant). The Pell Grant is a source of federal grant aid for which all students pursuing their ftrst undergraduate degree may apply . Application can be made by submitting the Family Financial Statement or the separate Federal Student Aid Application . Applications can be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid. Grant amounts vary de pending on ftnancial need, costs at the institution, and Congressional allocation . This program is the base of all ftnancial aid. Colorado Student Grant . The Colorado Student Grant is an undergraduate grant for Colorado residents . This grant is based on ftnancial need and funds are allotted to the University by the State of Colorado . Amounts vary from approximately $100 to $1, 000 per year . Application for this grant is made by submitting the University Ap plication for Financial Aid and the Family Financial State ment. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant . Sup plemental Educational Opportunity Grants are undergrad uate federal grants varying in amounts from $200 to $2,000 per year. These grants are based on student need and availability of funds . Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement. Colorado Student Incentive Grant . This is the name given in Colorado to the federal program known as State Student Incentive Grant. The program is for Colorado residents seeking their ftrst undergraduate degree and who show substantial ftnancial need. Awards range from $100 to $2,000 per year. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement . Graduate Grant. Grants for graduate students are available on a limited basis and will be awarded to stu dent s as eligibility and funds allow. Application is made by submitting the University application and the Family Financial Statement. LOANS National Direct Student Loans. National Direct Student Loans are federal loans, partially matched by the state of Colorado , available to undergraduate and graduate students with fmancial need. A student may borrow up to (a) $3, 000 during the freshman and sophomore years; (b) $6,000 total for undergraduate study; (c) $12,000 for total graduate and undergraduate study. Application for the loan is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement . Guaranteed Student Loan Programs. This program enables undergraduate and graduate students to borrow directly from a bank, credit union, savings and loan association, or other participating lenders who are willing to make the educational loan. The loan is guaranteed by a state or private nonprofit agency and insured by the federal government. Information and applications may be obtained from the lender. EMPLOYMENT College Work Study Program. The College Work-Study Program is designed to provide jobs to undergraduate and graduate students. The program is funded by the federal government and the State of Colorado . Employment is ar ranged whenever possible in the student's major area of in terest, with job opportunities both onand off-campus. Awards average up to $2,000 per academic year . For details contact the Office of Student Employment . Application for this aid is made by submitting the University Applica tion for Financial Aid and the Family Financial Statement. Part-time Student Employment . The Auraria Student Assistance Center assists students in obtaining part-time employment other than that based on financial need. Fur ther information and application may be obtained from the center. OTHER SOURCES OF AID See the Office of Financial Aid for details of these pro grams: Bureau of Indian Affairs. Grants are available to Native American students . Short Term Loans. Small, temporary loans are made to students facing ftnancial emergencies. These loans are to be repaid during the semester. Academic Requirements Students receiving financial aid must demonstrate that they are maintaining normal progress and are in good standing at the University . Normal academic progress is defined as completing the minimum number of hours stipulated on the notification of financial aid b y obtaining a grade of D or better for undergraduates. Graduates must obtain a grade of Cor better. Usually students are required to complete 12 credits per semester for undergraduates and 8 credits per semester as graduates . Summer term re quirements are 6 credits for undergraduates and 4 credits for graduates. Less than normal progress for two terms results in the loss of future financial aid . Students are ex-

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pected to maintain grade-po int averages as required by the University . Duration of Aid Financial aid is offered for one year at a time. Students must reapply for summer and for each academic year , according to the established priority deadl i nes . Use of Funds All financial aid awards are to be used only for im mediate educational expenses . These expenses include tui tion, fees , books , supplies , room and board , transporta tion, and essential miscellaneous expenses , such as clothing, medical, etc. Refunds The University tuition refund policy is published in the Schedule of Courses for each term. For the fall 1981 semester , the policy for refunds upon complete withdrawal from the University was a 100% minus $25 refund if the student withdrew before the term began, 7 5% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the third day of the third week of classes, and 50% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the fourth week of classes. Students receiving financial aid may be required to return any refund to the University's financial aid accounts . Student Rights and Responsibilities Students have certain rights and responsibilities regard ing financial aid and student employment . Students ma y review applicable policies and procedures published in a financial aid brochure available in the UCD Office of Financial Aid . Specific appl i cation procedures and policies are subject to change . Further Information and Application Forms Further information and application forms may be ob tained from the Office of Financial Aid, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, on the Auraria campus , or by writing to Office of Financial Aid, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 . Persons in the Denver metropolitan area are encouraged to visit the office to receive application forms and informa tion ; howe v er , materials will be mailed upon request. Peer counselors and University counselors are available to discuss individual s i tuations and aid eligibility . IV. REGISTRATION: SELECTING A PROGRAM AND COURSES Selecting a Program and Courses New and continu i ng UCD students are urged to review Section VI and the following sections of this bulletin . Sec tion VII describes the trad i tional and nontraditional in structional program s available at UCD, and the sections which follow it give information by school or college on the various major s a• ailable , course requirements by ma jor , graduation requuements, course load policies , and other information and specific policies. Courses available during a particular s emester or summer term are listed in General Information I 11 the Schedule of Courses , published several weeks before registration and available from the Office of Admissions and Records and the various deans' offices. Undergraduate students who need assistance in plan ning a program or selecting courses should contact the academic unit in which they are enrolled to arrange for a counseling appointment . The appointment should be made prior to registration . Graduate students should con tact their graduate department for assistance. Orientation An orientation program for all new students is held at the beginning of the fall and spring semesters , prior to the fust day of classes. The program is conducted by the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs and the various deans' of fices , and introduces the programs , activities , and services available at UCD, in addition to providing information on degree requirements , how to register , and similar matters. Registration UCD conducts a common registration in cooperation with Metropolitan State College . Basically , the registration involves the following processes: (1) mail registration, (2) walk-in registration, and (3) course adjustment . Students eligible for mail registration who choose to take advantage of this process may register and pay tuition and fees by mail. A walk-in registration will be available for students who do not wish to or are not eligible to register by mail. For complete instructions, students should refer to the Schedule of Courses published at the beginning of each semester and summer term. POOLED COURSES Certain courses in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences have been pooled with similar courses at Metro politan State College . UCD students may reg i ster for any of the pooled courses listed in the UCD Schedule of Courses. INTERINSTITUTIONAL REGISTRATION UCD degree students may enroll for courses offered by the Auraria campus of the Community College of Denver . Students must be enrolled at UCD for at least one course during the semester or summer term to be eligible to register interinstitutionally. Registration is on a space available basis . V. ACADEMIC POLICIES AND REGULATIONS Advanced Standing and Advanced Placement Credit Undergraduate students may obtain credit for lower division courses in which they demonstrate proficiency by examination. By passing an examination, the student will be given credit for the course to satisfy lower division requirements and may be eligible to enroll in higher level courses than i ndicated by the student ' s formal academic experience. Credit granted for courses by examination is

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12 I University of Colorado at Denver treated as transfer credit without a grade but does count toward graduation and other requirements for which it is appropriate . There are three types of examinations as described below. ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM The Advanced Placement Program of the College En trance Examination Board (CEEB) allows students to take advanced work while in high school and then be examined for credit at the college level. Students who take advanced placement courses and subsequently receive scores of 3, 4, or 51 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination are generally given college credit for lower-level courses in which they have demonstrated proficiency and are granted advanced standing in those areas. Students with scores below 31 are conside red for advanced placement by the discipline concerned. For more information contact you r high school counselor or the Director of Admissions for UCD. CREDIT BY EXAMINATION Degree students may take examinations for credit . To qualify for an examination, the student must be formally working toward a degree at UCD and have a grade -point average of at least 2.0. Examinations are arranged through the Office of Admissions and Records, and a nonrefund able fee is charged . Students should contact the office of the dean of the academic unit in which they are enrolled . COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM An exciting challenge is available to incoming UCD students who may earn University credit by examination in subject areas in which they have excelled at college-level proficiency . Interested students are encouraged to take ap propriate subject examinations provided in the College Level Examination Program (CLEP) of the College En trance Examination Board testing service. The cost for a single examination is $25 . Students who are interested in CLEP exam i nation s must contact the office of their school or college . Credit for Military Service and Schooling and ROTC MILITARY SERVICE AND SCHOOLING Applicants with military experience should submit the following with their application in order to have credit for educational experiences evaluated: (1) a copy of DD Form 214 and (2) DD Form 295, Application for the Evaluation of Educational Experience During Militar y Service. USAF personnel may present an official transcript from the Com munity College of the Air Force in lieu of the DD Form 295. Credit will be awarded as recommended by the Com mission on the Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education to the extent that such credit is applicable to the degree sought at UCD. Credit for courses completed through the U.S. Armed Forces In stitute will be evaluated on the same basis as transfer credit from collegiate institutions. RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS (ROTC) Students enrolled in Army or Air Force ROTC programs should consult with their college or school regarding the application of ROTC course credit toward graduation re quirements. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences allows a maximum of 12 semester hours of ROTC credit to be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. The College of Business and Administration stipulates that ROTC courses may be used for credit only for nonbusiness elective requirements and that no credit may be given for freshman and sophomore ROTC courses. Furthermore, a maximum of 12 semester hours may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements in business and only if the ROTC program is completed. Grading System and Policies The following grading system and procedures for pass/fail registration, dropping and adding courses, and withdrawal from the University have been standardized for all academic units of the University effective with the 1974-75 academic year. GRADE SYMBOLS The instructor is responsible for whatever grade symbol (A , B, C , D, F, IF, IW, or IP) is to be assigned. Special symbols (NC, W, and Y) are indications of registration or grade status and are not assigned by the instructor but are automatically converted by the grade application system, explained under Pass/Fail Procedure . A-supenor/excellent-4 credit points per credit hour. B-good ! better than average3 credit points per credit hour. C-competent/average-2 credit points per credit hour. D-minimum passing-! credit point per credit hour. F-fazling-no credit points per credit hour. IF-incomplete-conversion after one academic year to F . IW -incomplete-conversion after one academic year toW. !P-in progress-thesis at the graduate level only. P ! F-pass/fazi P grade is not included in the gradepoint average; the F grade is included; up to 16 hours of pass/fail course work may be credited toward a bachelor's degree . H I P I F honors I pass I fail intended for honors courses; credit hours count toward the degree but are not included in the grade-point average. SPECIAL SYMBOLS NC -indicates registration on a no-credit basis . W indicates withdrawal without credit . Yindicates the final grade roster was not received by the time grades were processed. PASS/FAIL PROCEDURE 1 . Any student who wishes to register for a course on a pass / fail basis should do so during regular registration pro1Students in the College of Enginee r ing and Applied Science must r eceive .scores of 4 o r 5 for credit to be granted ; students with scor e s of 3 may be conside red by t h e depanment co ncerned . All credit must be va.Jid2ted by subsequent academic performance .

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General Information I 13 PASS/FAIL OPTION RESTRIC TIONS College Business and Administration Education Engineering and Applied Science Graduate School Liberal Am and Sciences Music General May not be used for "core" courses required for graduation and courses in area of emphasis No restrictions Courses must be designated by major department; students without major not eligible; recommended maximum-one course I semester Nor applicable toward degree May be resuicred in cerram majors ; nor included in 30 hours of C or better work re quired for major Same as business cedures. (Up to 16 semester hours of regular course work may be taken on a pass/fail basis and credited toward the bachelor's degree.) Changes to or from a pass/fail basis may be effected only during the regular drop/add period. 2. The record of pass/fail registration is maintained by the Office of Admissions and Records. 3. Academic deans and faculty will not be informed of special pass/fail registration. All students who register on a pass/fail basis appear on the regular class roster, and a nor mal letter grade is assigned by the professor . When grades are received in the Records Office, those registrations which require a pass/fail designation are automatically converted by the grade application system. Grades of D and above convert to grades of P. 4. Only 6 hours of course work may be P!Fin any given semester. 5. Exception to the pass/fail regulations is permitted for certain specified courses offered by the School of Education, the Division of Continuing Education, and Study Abroad Programs. 6. Graduate degree students can exercise the P ! F op tion for undergraduate courses only. However, a grade of P will not be acceptable for graduate credit to satisfy any Graduate School requirement. A d d ing and Dropping Courses1 Adding Courses. Students may add courses to their original registration during the first 5 days of classes, pro vided there is space available. Approval signatures are not required . Dropping Courses: 1. Students will be able to drop courses during the first 12 day s of the fall or spring semesters (7th day of the sum mer term). Tuition will not be charged for the courses which are dropped and signatures are not required . 2. After the 12th day of a fall or spring semester (7th day of a summer term), the instructor's signature is re quired on the drop card, and the instructor must indicate whether the student is passing or failing . If the student is 16 Hours Maximum Includes credit received through CLEP and advanced standing exammanons Includes courses taken In the honors program Does nor include courses taken in honors , physical education , cooperative education. and certain reacher certification courses Includes courses taken in the honors program Transfer Students Maximum of 1 semester hour of pass I fail for every 8 semes ter hours attempted at the Univers .iry Maximum of 1 semester hour of pass/ fat/ may be applied to ward graduation for every 9 semes t er hours taken in the college May nor be used by students graduating with only 30 semester hours taken at the University passing , the course will appear on the student's permanent record with a grade of W. If the student is fozling, the course will appear on the permanent record with an F grade . No refund of tuition is made for courses which are dropped after the 12th day (7th day of the summer term) of classes. 3. Mter the lOth week of a fall or spring semester (5th week of a summer term), courses may not be dropped un less there are circumstances clearly beyond the student's control. In addition to the instructor's certification (as in 2 above) , the student must petition the academic dean for approval to drop the courses. Tuition will be charge d even though the drop is allowed. Withdrawal From the U n ive r sity To withdraw from the University, the student obtains approval of the dean's office, Finance Office, and the Of flee of Admissions and Records . The withdrawal date is recorded on the student's permanent record page. If the withdrawal date is prior to the 13th day of the semester (7th day of the summer term), the courses will not appear on the student's permanent record . If the withdrawal date is after the 12th day, the courses will appear with W grades. Students may not withdraw after the lOth week of the semester (5th week of the summer term) except under documented circumstances clearly beyond their control. Students who are receiving veterans' benefits or financial aid also must obtain the required signature of the ap propriate office( s). A student who ceases to attend classes without officially withdrawing from the University will receive a grade ofF for all course work enrolled for during that term. A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the University must ap ply to the associate dean of the Grad uate School for permission to withdraw in good standing . Students who withdraw without communicating with the associate dean and filing the appropriate Withdrawal 1For the exact d u es, che c k the Sch e dul e of CouneJ for the appropria(C term.

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14 I University of Colorado at Denver Form, will be marked as having failed their courses for the term . For specific signatures and refunds the student must refer to the Schedule of Courses published prior to the beginning of each term. Inspection of Educational Records but not less than annually, the University Colorado students of the Family Educational Rtghts and Pnvacy Act of 1974 . This act , with which the institution to comp .ly fuily, was designated to pro tect the pnvacy of educauonal records, to establish the right of students to inspect and review their educational records, and to provide guidelines for the correction of in accurate or misleading data through informal and formal Students also have the right to file complaints wtth the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Office (FERP A) concerning alleged failures by the institution to comply with the act . Local policy explains in detail the procedures to be used by the institution for compliance with the provisions of the act . Copies of the policy can be found in the libr ary on each of the several campuses of the University of Colorado . A directory of records which lists all educational records maintained on students by this institution may be found in the offices of the chancellor on each campus. The following items of student information have been by University of Colorado as public or duectory mformauon. Such information may be disclosed by the institution for any purpose, at its discretion . These items are : name, address, telephone number, dates of at tendance, registration status, class, major field of study, past and present par uctpauon m offictally recogmzed sports and activities, physical factors (height , weight) of athletes, date and place of birth . Currently enrolled students may withhold disclosure of any category of informacion under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. To withhold disclosure , written notification must be received in the Office of Ad missions and Records on the appropriate campus prior to the 11th day of classes in each and every term. Forms re questing the withholding of directory information are available in the Office of Admissions and Records . The University of Colorado assumes that failure on the part of any student to request specifically the withholding of categories of dire c tory information indicates individual approval for disclosure . concerning the Family Educational Rights and Pnvacy Act may be referred to the Office of Admis sions and Records . Good Standing To remain in good standing within a particular department, a student must maintain a minimum grade-point average of 2 . 0 (C) in all course work attempted. A minimum grade-point average of 2 . 0 must also be main tained to qualify for an undergraduate degree . Policies on academic probation, suspension, and dismissal vary by col lege or school, and students should refer to the sections of this bulletin dealing with the colleges and schools for in formation . Student Classification Students who have passed fewer than 30 semester hours are classified as freshmen . To be classified as a sophomore, a student must have passed 30 semester hours; to be classified as a junior, 60 hours; and to be classified as a senior, 90 hours of credit. All transfer students will be on the same basis according to their hours of credtt accepted by the University of Colora do. Student Indebtedness A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or credit from the University . Transcripts will not be to a student with a financial obligation to the Umverstty. The only exception to this policy involves stu dents who have loans or other types of inde btednes s which mature after graduation . VI. STUDENT SERVICES Dean of Student Affairs Office This office is responsible for providing leadersh ip for the Student Mfairs programs and offices. It also serves as a liaison with student government, provides UCD represen tation in Auraria-shared student services, and coordinates orientation and graduation programs, study abroad pro grams, and special student research programs. The office telephone is 629-8427. The Dean of Student Affairs Office protects student rights and responsibilities by administering the Code of Student Conduct. When a student enrolls in the Univer sity, he or she agrees to participate meaningfully in the life of the University and to share in the obligation to preserve and promote its educational endeavors . Each student pre his or her as a citizen and has a basic obliga tiOn not to commtt or to tolerate any impingement on the rights of others . Copies of the code and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be ob tained in the office . Counselor Training Center Using the services of students in master's level counsel ing programs, help is provided to deal with personal con cerns. Group meetings address topical issues and crisis counseling is available. Information and appointments can be made by contacting the center at 629-2861. Health Insurance Program The student medical-hospital-surgical plan is automatic for . all students waived. Dependent coverage is available at an add1t1onal charge. Summer insurance cover age is available for students not registered. For further in formation refer to the portion on Tuition and Fees in the General Information section of this bulletin, or call 629-2861. Office of the Associated Students The University of Colorado at Denver is located in downtown Denver , and as an urban university does not of-

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fer hous ing or social fraternities or sororities . The variety and complexity of cultural programs and community ser vices offered to the student body allow them to become directly invo lved with student government , whose main function is to bring new and special events to the student body. There are also student organizations who are in terested in a certain discipline or ethnic culture . These organizations offer career-related activities, social func tions, and special tutorial assistance . Telephone 629-2510 o r 629-2998 . Recreational Services A port ion of the st udent activity fee budget is used to provide access to recreational facilities for UC D students . F a cilities at the Auraria Physical Education Building in clude an all-weather running track ; fields for baseball , f ootball , and soccer; tennis courts; gym for basketball , volleyball, and gymnastics ; dance studio; racquetball , handball courts; weight room ; and a 25 meter swimming pool. Telephone 629-3145. Senior Citizen Program The De an of Student Affairs Office coor dinates tuition free classes for persons 60 years of age and over. Senior citizens may register for any class on a noncredit I audit basis as long as space is available. Senior citizens should register and pick up class registration forms in R oom 165, East Classroom Building, and should take the completed forms to the first session of class for the inst ru ctor's ap proval. The form then should be returned to Room 165 , and a student I.D. card will be issued which entitles senior citizens to the same privileges as regular degree students . For further information c all 629-8427. Special Services Program The UCD Special Services Program is a federally funded program of academic support services designed to promote stu dent retention . Services provided to participating stu dents include special classes for credit to improve basic skil ls, an English-as-a-second-language instruc tional pro gram, specialized tuto rin g, academic advising, career as sessment, and academic improvement workshops . In order to participate in the program , s tudents must meet specific eligibility requirements . Eligible students in clude Financial Aid students , physically disabled student s , and first-generation college students defined as students neither of whose parents has received a baccalaureate degree from a college or university. All students must be U.S . citizens or permanent resi dent s of the United States in order to be eligible for Spe cial Services. Please note that the Special Services Program is completely distinct from the special student admission status at UCD . For information call 629-8345. Special Student Advising All nondegree stu dents should contact this office to be advised of the procedure for becoming a degree student. There are limitations for students who do not attain degree status. For questions regarding degree status call62 9-2861. G eneral Information I 15 Study Skills Center The Study Skills Center is an academic support service for the st udents enrolled at UCD. It provides tutorial assis tance, 1-credit developmental courses, modules in rapid reading and study skills, diagnostic testing (i.e., spelling, vocabulary, reading, mathematics , composition, study skills) , and coordinate s the review courses for the GRE and GMAT with the Di vision of Continuing Education. Telephone 629-2803. Testing Office The University of Colorado at Denver's Testing Office offers a full range of tests. This stud ent assistance program includes pretest counseling, test administration, test ser vice to disabled individuals, test scoring, and test inter pretation . The Testing Office participates in such admis sions tests as the ACT, GRE, GMAT , TOEFL, CLEP, MAT , and DOPPELT. In addition , the center provides cer tification and accreditation examinations as well as career planning evaluations. Telephone 629-2861. Veterans Service The Office of Veterans Affairs is an initial contact point for veteran-students attending UCD under their veterans benefits earned while serving in the Armed Forces . The office maintains proper certification for each in dividual veteran -student so that Veterans Administration offices are assured that veterans receiving benefit s are , in fact, pursuing specific academic programs. In addition , the office can refer veterans to counseling services , arrange tutorial benefits , and refer students for reading and study skills aid. Telephone 629-2630. Women ' s Center The Women's Center provides supportive services for women students and prospective students and provides program s to meet the needs of all UCD students in addi tion to the topical concerns of women students . The center realizes the importance of responding to the changing needs of women students by: 1 . Assisting women who are returning to school in m ak ing vocational choices and in adjusting to the school en vironment . 2 . Providing counseling and referral services regarding family, financial, health , and legal concerns . 3. Educating the student body and faculty about the changing role of women . 4 . Researching those needs of women at UCD that may be met by increased and present programming of the Women' s Center. Telephone 629-2815 . Auraria Student Assistance Center The services described below are available in the Auraria Student Assistance Center. Hours are 8 a.m. to 5 p . m. Monday through Friday. Pleas e call for scheduled evening hours . Telephone 629-347 4. International Student Services. Students from 72 coun uies are enrolled on the Auraria campus, enhancing the academic life on the campus at large. The office help s these students by providing nonacademic support services

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16 I University of Colorado at Denver and assisting them in bridging the cultural gap which many of them face when entering this country to attend college. job Placement. This office offers a full range of assistance to Auraria students and graduates seeking employ ment. Services include listings of panand full-time posi tions for currently enrolled students; vacancy notices of professional positions; workshops on job search tech niques, resume writing, and interviewing ; bimonthly newsletter; individual counseling; career resource library ; and on-campus interviews with recruiters . Information and Referral Office. This office provides in formation to prospective students on academic offerings at each institution, information on AHEC servic es, and arranges specific referrals for prospective students with insti tutional personnel. Campus tours for groups and in dividual potential students can be arranged through the office. Disabled Student Services. Provides aid and academic assistance to the disabled students at MSC and UCD . The office also works closely with faculty and staff to promote awareness of handicapped needs . VII. SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND FACILITIES Alumni and Friends Program The UCD Alumni and Friends organization was estab lished in 1975 to support the University of Colorado at Denver . Membership is open to all University of Colorado graduates, former students, and friends of the University . The organization publishes a newsletter on alumni and University activities , and sponsors legi slative events to aid in keeping alumni, students, and faculty infor med about the legislative process. Members work with students to select the campus' out standing teachers , sponsor a reception for each graduating class, and coordinate the UCD Distingu ishe d Service Award program . Functions are planned which bring alumni and friends back to the campus . Aurarla Book Center Both required and optional textbooks are arranged in the Book Center according to computer call number. Each UCD course has a shelf tag which lists books by author and title. Reference books , children's books , art supplies, and a wide variety of supplemental materials also are available . Telephone 629-3230 , 9th Street and Lawrence. Aurarla Child Care Center Located at 9th Street and West Colfax, the center is a nonprofit organiza tion providing child care for students, faculty, and staff on the campus . It is licensed by the Colo rado Dept. of Social Services and meets all interagency requirements. Between 300 and 400 children are served each week. Space is available for 30 toddlers aged 18 months to 3 years, and 120 children aged 3 to 8 years. A c ertified kindergarten program is available between 8 a.m. and noon . Registration for each semester is held im mediately before classes begin . For more information call 629-3188 . Aurarla Library and Media Center The Auraria Library and Media Center provide a wide variety of learning resources for the students and faculty of all Auraria institutions . The library offers seating for ap proximately 2,000 individuals and has over 130 , 000 usable square feet . The library has more than 690,000 volumes of books, microforms, and bound periodicals , in addition to over 1, 7 00 current periodical and newspaper subscriptions . Strong subject collections at the Auraria Library include the fields of public administration, urban studies, and criminal justice. The main collection is supplemented by the Environmental Design Branch Library . As a member of the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries, the Auraria Library has access to an additional 6,000,000 volumes through interlibrary loan . Special services offered by the library include com puterized bibliographic searches, library orientation and instruction for groups and individuals , listening and viewing facilities, and a depository of government documents. Library rooms are also available for individual study, group conferences, and typing. The Media Center , an integral part of the Auraria Library , works with faculty to enhance the quality of instruc tional programs through the use of media services. The Media Center staff provides advice and assistance in the design, production, and use of various media resources, in cluding instructional graphics and photography , film, videotape, audiotape, discs, and television. The Media Center also circulates media and tele-communications equipment to faculty for classroom use. Auraria Student Center The Student Center , located at 9th Street and Lawrence, houses a cafeteria, the cam pus Book Center, a study lounge, game room, offices for student government and organizations , a copy center, exhibit space, lo cker rentals, meeting and conference facilities, and a tavern. Division of Continuing Education The Division of Continuing Education (CE) at UCD provides lifelong learning experiences for adults of all ages seeking to attain career and personal development goals. Its primary role is one of disseminating knowledge to groups or persons other than those enrolled as regu lar students . CE offers a large noncredit program ranging from one da y workshops to certificate programs requiring several semesters to complete. Courses in the arts and humanities explore such topics as parenting, self-awareness, music and art, photography , languages , and literature. Programs for professionals include licensing and refresher courses for engineers, accountants, life insurance agents, and architects . Certificate programs in data processing and super vision provide career updating opportunities . Twoand three-day executive programs are focused on the manage ment of high technology and energy industries. Most non credit programs a re open to all adults regardless of previous training . Off-campus credit classes at Lowry Air Force Base, Fitz simons Army Medical Center , and in the public schools

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supplement the regular academic programs offered at UCD. The Vacation College gives UCD students an oppor tunity to acquire a needed course during the semester break in January . Individuals interested in obtaining a copy of the Divi sion of Continuing Education Bulletin or other informa tion may write or call the division office at UCD, 1100 14th Street , 629-2735. Coopera tiv e Educatio n P r ogram The Cooperative Education Program is an academic pro gram which provides sq.Idents with an opportunity to sup plement their academic classroom learning with on-the job work experiences or internships related to their academic studies. The program is open to all students in the colleges and schools ofUCD who have completed their freshman year and have maintained a grade-point average of at least 2. 5 . Students are placed either as paid Co-op trainees or volunteer Co-op interns with corporations, businesses, or government agencies in positions that com plement their academic coursework. Co-op students can work either full time by alternating semesters of work with semesters of full-time school, or they can work part time year around . The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the College of Music award academic credit at the 398 level for a Co-op work experience. Students placed by the Co-op program in paid or volunteer assignments, as well as stu dents who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligible to earn Co-op credit . For more information contact the Co operative Education Office , 629-2892. Development P r ogram In 198182, UCD established a development program in conjunction with the University Foundation. Its purpose is to establish supportive relationships between UCD and area foundations , corporations, and individuals. No state funds are used for this activity. The development program is also integrally related to the Alumni and Friends orga nization and offers leadership to that group. Educational Opportun ity Progra m The Educational Opportunity Programs assist all educa tionally disadvantaged students at UCD. Support pro grams include specialized recruiting, intensive counseling, tutorial services, and community outreach programs. The program is designed to provide assistance to minority students and to acquaint students with the history and culture of Asian Americans, Blacks, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans . Student organizations provide as sist a nce with recruitment, counseling, and tutoring ; finan cial assistance is available through grants and the Work/Study program . Courses are offered in Asian Amer ican, Black , Mexican American, and Native American Studies . These courses are open to all students and are described in the Course Description section of this bulletin u n d er Ethnic Studies . Center fo r Envi ronme n tal S ciences The Center for Environmental Sciences, funded by federal agencies and private foundations , conducts basic and applied research focusing on understanding and pro -General Information I 17 viding solutions for environmental issues related to natural resource development. The research programs involve faculty, students , and staff from many disciplines at UCD and other universities in the Rocky Mountain region. While the center does not have a formal education program, many students have ob tained master's and Ph . D. degrees while working on center programs . The Oil Shale Task Force, located in the center, has a lead role in the U.S. Department of Energy's oil shale research program. The center's Analytical Chemistry Laboratory is considered to be one of the premier labs in the nation . The administration offices of the center are located in St . Cajetan's Center, Auraria campus, telephone 629-3460. I n ternati onal Education The Office of International Education on the Boulder campus expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships. The office also arranges study abroad programs and offers over 20 different programs around the globe . Some of the study abroad programs are of the tradi tional junior year abroad variety , which places a student directly in a foreign university for an academi c year . Such programs are available at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, England; the Univers ity of Bordeaux, France ; the University of Costa Rica, San Jose ; the American Uni versity in Cairo, Egypt; the University ofRegensburg, Ger many; the Hebrew University in Jerusalem , Israel ; the Uni versity of Bologna , Italy; Konan University, Japan; the University of Seville, Spain; the National Taiwan Univer sity, Taipei , Taiwan; Catholic University of Lima, Peru; and Leningrad State University, U.S.S.R . Engineering and commercial Spanish students may be particularly in terested in programs at ITESM in Monterrey, Mexico. For students unable to spend an academic year abroad, programs for a single semester are available with various emphases, particularly on intensive language learning. Students may study beginning intermediate language in Chambery , France, during the spring semester . In fall , spring, or summer, students may attend a one-semester language program in Jalapa, Mexico. Students who wish the experience of a foreign institution may attend a single semester program in San Jose, Costa Rica; Rennes , France; or Seville, Spain . Special summer programs , e.g . , art history in Italy , are organized with specific departments upon request. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign university . A B average with the equivalent of two years of college level work in the appropriate language is required . Financial aid from the University can be applied to program costs in most cases, and all credit earned while abroad is considered resident credit. More information about study abroad programs is avail able in the Auraria International Services Office, 629-3474, or the Office of International Education, Boulder campus, 492-7741.

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18 I University of Colorado at Denver VIII. RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAMS Army U.S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), De partment of Military Science, University of Colorado at Denver , 1059 Ninth Street, 629-3491. The Department of Military Science offers two Army ROTC programs leading to a commission in the active Army, the Army Reserve, or the Army National Guard Forces. FOURYEAR PROGRAM The standard four-year program consists of two phases. The basic course, normally completed during the freshman and sophomore years, consists of courses in military sci ence, officer career development, and leadership theory and management. The advanced course coincides with the junior and senior years. Subject areas inclu de psycholog y and methods of instruction, tactics and unit operations, military law, history, national strategy, and army policies. Completion of a six-week advanced camp during the sum mer is required prior to commissioning . Students should contact the Professor of Military Science (629-3491, 1059 Ninth Street) for specific requirements and options available based on each student's status at the time of program entry. Students who are veterans of mili tary service or participated in Junior ROTC, Civil Air Patrol, or similar organizations may have a portion or all of the basic course requirements waived by the Profes sor of Military Science . TWOYEAR PROGRAM The abbreviated two-year program consists of the same courses offered in the advanced course. However, both undergraduate and graduate students may becom e quali fied for this program by successful completion of a six week summer basic camp, an on-campus summer pro gram, or by completion of specially designed compression courses offered during the spring or summer semesters. If selected for the abbreviated program under these options, students may receive an early commission with the Reserve or National Guard while continuing their college educa tion at the undergraduate or graduate level. SCHOLARSHIPS Students selected for a U.S. Army scholarship receive full tuition, books, laboratory fees, classroom materials, and a monthly allowance of $100 during each academic year. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in up per division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Only high school seniors are eligible to apply for four-year scholarships. Both ROTC and non-ROTC students, en rolled on campus as full-time students, may compete for the three-, two-, and one-year scholarships . All scholarship benefits are tax free and competition is open to both men and women . FLIGHT TRAINING Students selected for the advanced course may become qualified, as cadets, to participate in the Army Aviation Program. These individuals will attend flight school after completion of their officer's basic course while on active duty. ARMY ROTC COURSE CREDIT Army ROTC course credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the Professor of Mili tary Science or dean of their college to clarify the number of credit hours to be awarded . Air Force U . S . Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC), Folsom Stadium, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 , 492-8351. U .S. Air Force ROTC offers two programs leading to commission in the U . S . Air Force upon receipt of the baccalaureate degree. Graduate students may be commis sioned upon completion of 12 hours of the professional of ficer course and a six-week summer training program. STANDARD FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM This program is in three parts : the general military course for lower division (freshman and sophomore) stu dents, the professional officer course for upper division students, and leadership laboratory (attended by all stu dents). Completion of the general military course is a pre requisite for entry into the professional officer course . Completion of a four-week summer training course is re quired prior to commissioning . MODIFIED TWO-YEAR PROGRAM This program is offered to full-time, regularly enrolled degree students at both undergraduate and graduate levels who will have two years remaining at the University of Colorado when they enroll. Selection is on a competitive basis . Applicants should apply directly to the Professor of Aerospace Studies not later than March 15 of the spring semester immediately preceding the academic year in which they desire to enroll in the program . Those selected for this program mus t complete a six-wee k field training program during the summer months as a prerequisite for entry the professional officer course the following fall or spnng semester. FLIGHT TRAINING Expense-paid ground school and flight training are open to cadets approved and qualified for future USAF pilot training. AIR FORCE COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM Students participating in Air Force ROTC may be eligi ble to compete for Air Force ROTC College Scholarships. Students selected for this program are placed on grants that pay tuition , book costs, nonrefundable educatio nal fees, and subsistence of $100 per month, tax free. All cadets enrolled in the professional officer course receive $100 per month subsistence during the regular academic year. Students are also eligible to compete for two-, three-, or four-year scholarships open to both men and wome n.

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AFROTC C O U RSE CREDI T AFROTC credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the appropriate college or the Pro fessor of Aerospace Studies for determination of credit . COURSES See Department of Military Science in the Course De scription section of this bulletin for courses offered. IX . ADMIN I STRATION Board of Regents JACK KENT ANDERSON , Golden, term expires 1985 RICHARD J . BERNICK, Denver , term expires 1987 FRED M . BETZ, JR., Lamar , term expires 1983 PETER C . D I ETZE , Boulder, term expires 1985 BYRON L. JOHNSON, Denver , term expires 1983 SANDY F . KRAEMER, Colorado Springs , te rm expires 1983 RACHEL B . NOEL, Denver , term expires 1985 ROY H . SHORE, Greeley, term expires 1987 DAVID K. SUNDERLAND , Colorado Springs, term expires 1987 Univers i ty W i de Officers ARNO L D R . WEBER, President of the University ; Professor of Economics , UCB; Professor of Public Affairs, UCD . B . A., M . A ., U niversit y of IJ. linois; Ph . D . , Massachusetts Institute of Technology . C . WILLIAM FISCHER , Vice Pre sident for Budget and Finance; Professor Attendan t Rank of Public Affairs . B . A . , Muskingum College ; M . F.A ., Harvard Universi ty. OLIVER M . S HERMAN , Vice President for External Affairs . THEO . VOLSKY , J R., Vice President for Administration ; Professor of Psy chology . B .S., M.S., Kansas State University; Ph.D . , University of Min nesota . H . H. ARNOLD , Executive Secretary of the Board of Regents and of the University . B .A . , ll.B., University of Colorado. HERBERT R . DUNHA M , Assistant Vice President for Finance and Treasurer. B.S. (Bus.), Bryant College . CPA : Colorado . Univers i ty of Colorado at Den ver GEN E M . N ORDB Y , Chancellor; Profe ssor of Civil Engineering. B . S.(C . E .), Oregon State University ; M . S . (C.E.) , Ph . D. , University of Minnesota . Pr ofessional Engineer : Arizona , Colorado , Oklahoma . General Information I 19 ROBERT W . SHA H AN, Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs ; Professor of Philosoph y . B . A . , Oklahoma Baptist University; M. Div . , New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary; M . A . , University of Oklahoma ; Ph.D ., Northwestern University . PATRICIA SENN BREIVIK, Dire ctor, Auraria Library and Med ia Center; Professor. B . A . , Brooklyn College; M .L.S. , Pratt Institute; D .L.S . , Col umbia University . GEORGE L. B U R NHAM, Director, Admissions and Records . B . A ., William Jewell College; M . A . , University of Kansas City. WILLARD R. CHAPPELL, Director, Center for Environmental Sciences; P rofessor of Physics. M . A. , Harvard University ; B .A., Ph. D . , Unive rsit y of Colorado . GEORGE H. HAGEV IK , Executive Director, Institute for Urban and Public Policy Research; Associate Professor Adjunct of Public Affairs. B . A ., M . A ., University of Washington ; Ph . D ., University of North Carolina . KENNETH E. HERMAN, Director , Administration and Finance. B . S.(Bus .), University of Colorado. BARBARA HOLLAND, Assistant to the Chancellor ; Dire ctor, Office of Public Information and Publications . B . A., M.A., University of Missouri. PAUL E. BARTLETT, Resident Dean, College of Engineering and Ap plied Science; Professor of Civil Engineering. B .S.(C.E .), B.S .(Bus.), M . S . (C.E.) , University of Colorado . Professional Engineer : Colorado . BRUCE W . BERGLAND, Acting Associate Dean , Graduate School; Assis tant Dean, Associate Professo r of Education. B . S ., Iowa State University ; Ph . D ., Stanford University . WILLIAM D. B O UB, Dean , Summer Session ; Director, Di vision of Con tin ' uing Education . B .S., Kansas State Teachers College; M.S. , University of Illinois . DANIEL FALLON , Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; Professor of Psychology . B .A., Antioch College; M.A., Ph.D., Unive rsity of Virginia . MARSHALL KAPLAN , Dean , Graduate School of Public Affairs; Profes sor of Public Affairs . B . A . , M .A., Boston University; M . C . P ., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. GERALD W. LUNDQ UIST , Associate Dean , School of Education ; Profes sor of Education . B.A . , University of Puget Sound; M . A. , Ph . D. , Arizona State University. JOHN M. PRO SSER, Acting Dean, College of Environmen ' tal Design; Professor of Architecture . B .A . (Arch . ) , University of Kansas; M .Arch., Carnegie Institute of Technology. Registered Architect: Colorado , Kan sas. FRANZ L. ROEHMA N N , Associate Dean , College of Music; Associate Professor of Music. B . S., State University of New York ; M .Mus., Ed. D. , University of Illinois . NANCY A . SCOTT, Acting D ea n of Student Affairs ; Assistant Professor of Education . B . S . , M . A . , Ed . D . , University of Colorado . DONALD L. STEVENS, Resident Dean , College of Business an d Ad ministration and Graduate School of Business Administration ; Professor of Finance . B.A. , M . B.A., Ph.D ., Mic higan State University.

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College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Admi nist r ation Donald L. Stevens, Resident Dean INFO R MATI O N ABOUT THE C OLLEG E The College of Business and Administration and the Graduate School of Business Administration at UCD offer programs designed to train competent, responsible admin istrative and related professional personnel. The College serves studt;nts entering this field of study and men and women already in administrative positions-demonstrated by the fact that 80-85 percent of courses are offered in the evening . It promotes research and new thinking about ad ministrative problems. The major purpose of the College of Business is to pro vide opportunities both for a liberal education and for pro fessional training . Students are given help in preparing not only for effective careers but also for satisfying living and constructive citizenship. The Graduate School of Business Administration offers graduate-level education in business to persons with undergraduate degrees in business and other academic fields and prepares them for work in the broad spectrum of business enterprise . All Master of Business Administration (M. B.A.) classes are offered in the evening . The College was admitted to membership in the Amer ican Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business in 1938 . The College participates on a continuing basis in the Executive Program for the Gas Industry , the Institute of Organization Management, the Colorado School of Bank ing , the National Installment Banking School, the School of Bank Marketing, the School for International Banking, and many activities of the Center for Management and Programs . The College also assists in the presen tation throughout Colorado of a Certificate Program in Estate .. The faculty also participate in many continu tng education, government , and company educational programs. The UCD Business Advisory Council serves as a direct l ink with the Denver business community to promote understanding, cooperation, and mutual gain in a variety of education-industry activities. Career O p po rtu nities Graduates occupy positions and perform widely varied functions in : Advenising Banking Consumer c red i t and mortgage ftnance Cred i t admin i stration Financial management Health admin i stration Industrial selling and purchasing Information s y stems Insurance International business Investments Management accounting Management consulting Marketing management Marketing research Minerals land management Opera ti ons research Personnel-human resources management Production management Public accounting Real estate Retailing Selling and sales management Traffi c management Transportation Wholesaling Others hold positions of responsibility in fields as di as business journalism, public relations, city plan rung, chamber of commerce and trade association manage ment, college administration, and government. Orga ni zat ion Within the broad framework of policy established by the Regents of the University of Colorado, policy decisions for the College of Business are made by the Educational Policy Committee of the faculty under the chairmanship of the dean and are subject to review by the faculty as a whole . '!'he College ' s activities at UCD are administered by the restdent dean, by the heads of its several instructional divi sions, and by other faculty directors of particular pro grams. Res earc h Act i v i ties '!'he Business Research Division provides facilities and tratned personnel for research on business and economic problems . Established in 1915, the unit serves as theresearch arm of the College. The division serves Colorado and 0e surrounding region to improve the general eco normc welfare of the area and to gather and disseminate business and economic informacion; encourages research by faculty members and graduate students; and develops closer relationships between students, faculty , an d businessmen . Through its monthly publication, The Colorado Busi ness Review, the division provides basic business informa tion concerning Colorado . Other publications include compilations of business and economic data, industry surveys, studies of special problems in business ma n age ment, and regional community studies .

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22 I University of Colorado at Denver Honors Program-Undergraduate Upon recommendation of the faculty, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recogni tion at graduation. Students must achieve an overall grade-point average of 3 . 3 and a grade-point average of 3 . 5 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado to be considered for cum laude. Those who achieve an overall grade-point average of 3 . 5 and a grade point average of 3. 7 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado will be considered for magna cum laude . Student Organizations Opportunit y for association with other College of Busi ness and Administration students, in varied activities in tended to stimulate professional interests and to give recognition to scholastic attainment, is provided by the following stud ent organizations: AIESEC-international business association Beta Alpha Psi national honorary and professional ac counting fraternity Beta Gamma Sigma national honorary scholastic frater nity in business BREC-Buffal o Real Estate Club CSP A-Colorado Society for Personnel Administration (student chapter) for students interested in personnel or industrial relations CUAMA student c hapter of the American Marketing Associ ation MBA Association-University of Colorado association of master's students in business Phi Chi Theta national professional business and econo mics fratern ity Rho Epsilon-profess i onal real estate fraternity Sigma Iota Ep s ilon professional and honorary manage ment fratern ity SAMLStudent Association of Minerals Landmen ACADEMIC POLICIES Academic policies which apply to all UCD students are described in the General Information section of this bul letin . The policies that follow apply specifically to the Col lege of Business and Admin i stration and Graduate School of Business Administration. All students are responsible for knowing and follow i ng the provisions set forth in this bulletin . Any questions con cerning those provisions are to be directed to the College office . The College cannot assume responsibility for prob lems resulting from a student's failure to follow the policies stated in the bulletin, or misinformation given by someone other than a staff member of the College. Similarly , students are responsible for all deadlines , rules , and regulations stated in the Schedule of Courses. Scholastic Load The normal scholastic load of an undergraduate business student i s 15 semester hours, with a maximum of 18 hours duri ng the fall / spring semesters and 12 hours during sumI mer sessions . Hours carried concurrently in the Division of Continuing Education, whether in classes or through cor respondence, are included in the student's load . Registration for Business Courses The course admission criteria are designed to meet a number of object ives: 1 . To assure access to business courses for students seek ing a business degree. 2. To serve students in other colleges who have busi ness-related educational objectives or requirements. 3. To serve the nondegree-seeking special students who have specific career or educational goals. In order to serve the needs of nonbusiness degree stu dents, core courses i n the College of Business (Acct. 200, B.Ad . 100, B.Ad. 200, B.law 300, Fin. 305, Mk. 300, Or.Mg. 330, Pr .Mg. 300, Q .M. 201) will be open to all University of Colorado students in good standing on a space-available basis . However , students admitted to the College of Business will be given priority in registering. For all business courses, nonbusiness degree students will be able to enroll up to a maximum of 21 semester hours. Admission to noncore business courses will be limited to the following students : 1. Those admitted to the College of Business. (Refer to Model Degree Program in this section.) 2. Nonbusiness degree students who may request ad mission to business courses outside the core on a petition basis. However, the total number of College of Business courses may not exceed the 21-semester-hour limit . 3. Non degree special students who may enroll for a maximum of 15 semester hours of business courses . Attendance Regulations Classroom attendance is at the discretion of the instruc tor. Students are responsible for determining each instruc tor's policy on attendance. Grading, Point System, and Pass/Fail Option See the General Information section for University-wide grading system and pass/fail policy. Students in the Col lege may not take required business or nonbusiness courses, or business elective courses on a pass/fail basis. A maximum of 16 hours pass/fail credit may be applied toward the B . S . degree in business ; transfer students may take 1 hour pass/fail for every 8 hours completed at this in stitution . Pass/fail determination must be made within the posted deadline, and is irreversible . A maximum of 6 hours pass/fail may be taken in any one semester . Failed courses may be repeated, but the Fwill be included in the grade-point average. A student who receives an incomplete grade of IF must complete course requirements (exams, papers, etc . ) and may not retake the entire course to remove the incomplete. Adding and Dropping Courses See the General Information section of this bulletin for University-wide drop/add policies .

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Administrative Drop Instructors may recommend to the College of Business and Administration office that students who fail to meet expected course attendance or course prerequisites be dropped from the course. Withdrawal Students may withdraw without discredit at any time prior to the start of the final examination period . Students who leave the University before the end of the semester should obtain a Withdrawal Form from the resi dent dean's office and follow the insuuctions on the form . The completed form must be turned in to the Office of Admissions . Appeal Procedure Students should contact the resident dean or staff members in the College of Business and Administration office for appeal and petition procedures pertaining to rules and regulations of the College . SPECIFIC UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC POLICIES Standards of Performance Students are held to basic standards of performance es tablished for their classes with respect to attendance, active participation in course work, promptness in completion of assignments, correct English usage both in writing and in speech, accuracy in calculations, and general quality of scholastic workmanship . In general, examinations are required in all courses and for all students , including graduating seniors . To be in good standing, students must have an overall grade-point average of not less than 2 . 0 (C = 2.0) for all course work attempted and a 2.0 for all business courses at tempted . This applies to work taken at all University cam puses. Activity physical education and remedial courses are not included in the overall average. When semester grades become available, students below standard will be notified of (1) probationary status or (2) suspension . Students are responsible for being aware of their academic standing at all times and late grades and I or notification does not waive this responsibility . College rules governing probation and suspension are as follows : 1. Any student whose overall grade average, or business course average, is less than 2.0 shall be placed on proba tion immediately. A student may be removed from proba tion when the overall average and the business average have been raised to 2. 0 2 . A student shall remain on probation as long as the student maintains normal degree progress each semester as determined by the College , and obtains no grade below a C; such probationary status may continue a maximum of four regular semesters ( i ncluding summer) providing these provisions have been met. Failure to meet these provisions will result in indefinite suspension . 3 . Indefinitely suspended students may attend the Uni-College of Business and Administration I 23 versity of Colorado summer term in order to improve their grade averages in the area of deficiency, but may not at tend any division of the University for at least two regular (fall and spring) semesters. 4 . A student who has been under indefinite suspension for one calendar year may petition for readmission to the College of Business and Administration. If readmitted, that readmission will be on a probationary status . After being readmitted under such probationary status, any stu dent who fails to comply with the requirements of his/ her probation will be subject to permanent suspension. 5 . Any student who is placed on suspension more than once will be permanently suspended from the College of Business . 6 . Any student earning all failing grades or no academic credit for the semester will not be permitted to register without the resident dean ' s approval . 7. Official combined degree students are required to maintain the same standards of performance as College of Business students in order to be continued in the com bined business program. Credit To receive credit , all courses must be listed on the stu dent's permanent record page by the Office of Admissions and Records. Credit is then evaluated by the College of Business to determine degree acceptability. Courses com pleted at any University of Colorado campus are credited toward degree requirements if appropriate to the degree program. Transfer Credit Credits in business and nonbusiness subjects transferred from other institutions will be limited to the number of credit hours given for equivalent work in the regular offer ings of the University. Transfer work is only accepted from institutions accredited by the regional association. In general, the College will limit transfer credit for business courses taken at a lower division level to such courses as the College offers at that level. Actual equivalent courses usu ally may be substituted for required courses . However, stu dents must verify with advisers that courses are equivalent . Careful checking is required. A course given at another in stitution may have the same name and same textbook as a required business course and still be taught with a non business emphasis or other variations that gives it little value for business. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. Transfer students must take 30 semester hours of business courses at the University after admission to the College of Business. A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior col leges may be applied toward the B .S. degree in business . Remedial or vocational work does not transfer . Business courses from junior colleges will not be applied toward degree requirements if the coursework is offered at the junior-senior level at UCD . Business students desiring to take work at another insti tution or another campus of the University of Colorado and apply the work toward the B.S. degree in business must have prior approval of the College of Business . No

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24 I University of Colorado at Denver credit will be given for courses without the proper ap proval. Grades of C or better must be earned to receive degree credit. Generally, only elective credit is acceptable in transfer from other institutions once the student has en rolled in the College. For a detailed explanation of transfer credit, see the General Information section of this bulletin. Correspondence Credit Only 30 semester hours of credit, 9 of which may be in business, taken through correspondence study will be counted toward the B.S. degree in business. Required business courses and area of emphasis courses cannot be taken by correspondence. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability . Credit by Examination College Level Examination credits (CLEP subject exam inations only) are acceptable toward degree requirements to a maximum of 30 hours. Specific information is avail able in the College of Business and Administration office. CLEP credit will be applied in the same manner as trans fer credits. For credit, students must rank in the 66.7 percentile based on national available norms . Generally, CLEP credit is only appropriate for (a) nonbusiness requirements and (b) nonbusiness electives. A maximum of 6 hours of credit in any one course area is allowed. CLEP may not be used in course areas where credit has already been allowed. General examinations are not acceptable. Credit for CLEP subject examinations in business course areas must have prior approval in writing by the College of Business and Administration and by the appropriate divi sion head. Advanced Placement (CEEB) credit will be given where appropriate to students who make scores of 3, 4, or 5 . Special Sources of Credit Without prior approval of the resident dean, the Col lege reserves the discretion of accepting or rejecting all special sources of credit . A maximum of 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation or dance credits can be accepted toward graduation. Up to 6 hours of experimental studies or independent study programs can be accepted toward graduation. A maximum of 3 hours of this type of credit may be taken in any one semester . Junior or senior business students desiring to work be yond regular business course coverage may take variable credit courses ( 1 to 3 semester hours) under the direction of an instructor who approves the project, but the student must have prior approval. Information and request forms are available in the College of Business and Administra tion office. The request form must be signed by the in structor, division head of the student's area of emphasis, and resident dean. To receive credit for independent study courses and experimental studies, students should obtain the dean's ap proval prior to registering for the course. Further informa tion and forms are available in the College office. No credit is given for work-experience or Cooperative Education programs. ROTC Credit Students who are enrolled in and complete the ROTC program may apply a maximum of 12 semester hours of advanced ROTC credit toward nonbusiness elective re quirements and toward the 120-semester hour total degree requirement for the B.S. degree in business. No credit toward requirements is granted for basic (freshman and sophomore) ROTC courses. The ROTC adviser can provide more detailed information. Study Abroad Credit Transfer credit from study abroad programs is most ap propriately applied as nonbusiness elective credit. Required business courses should not be taken during studies abroad. Students are responsible for checking with the College of Business and Administration for prior approval. Information on the various study abroad programs is avail able at the Office of International Education on the Boulder campus . No Credit Due to space limitation, business classes may not be taken on a no-credit basis. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM The undergraduate curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree is intended to help the stu dent achieve the following general objectives: 1 . Understanding of the activities that constitute business enterprise and of the principles underlying ad ministration of those activities. 2. Ability to think through logically and analytically the kinds of complex problems encountered by manage ment. 3. Facility in the arts of communication . 4. Comprehension of the human relationships involved in an organization. 5 . Awareness of the social and ethical responsibilities of those in administrative positions. 6 . Skill in the art of learning that will help the student continue self-education after leaving the campus. Admission of Freshman Students See the General Information section for admission and application procedures. Prospective students in business are encouraged to pur sue a broad college preparatory program in high school, with particular emphasis on English, mathematics, the social sciences, and speech. The College expects entering freshmen to present 15 units of the secondary course work. Completion of two units of algebra and two units of En glish composition is strongly recommended . Admission of Transfer Students See the General Information section of this bulletin for admission and application procedures . lntrauniversity Transfer Students who wish to transfer to the College of Business and Administration from another college or school of the

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University must formally apply at the College of Business office. A minimum University of Colorado grade-point average, business course grade-point average, and min imum number of academic hours (both established by the College) are required for consideration. Transfer deadlines are August 1 for fall, December 1 for spring , and May 1 for summer. Students desiring admission to official combined pro gram s must apply to and be accepted by the College of Business . Minimum grade-point averages are also estab lished for these jointly enrolled students. The College will consider each application based upon the student's academic standing, the quality of the stu dent's academic work, and the courses completed. Second Undergraduate Degree Students may apply to the College of Business and Ad ministration to earn a second undergraduate degree , pro vided the first undergraduate degree is in a field other than business . The student who is accepted for the second undergraduate degree will be required to pursue courses in the sequence normally required for a degree plan. For ex ample, if a student registered for the second degree has not had the required mathematics or general education courses , these must be taken before the student will be eligible to register for business courses. Further, the basic business courses (core courses) must be taken before a stu dent begins to pursue the major field. Applications are available through the Office of Admissions and Records . If a student applying for a second undergraduate degree has an academic record that justifles consideration for the graduate program, that student will be encouraged to con sider one of the master's programs. Academic Advising Each student in the College of Business is responsible for knowing and complying with the academic requirements and regulations established for the College and for classes. Upon admission to the College of Business and Admin istration or to the Graduate School of Business Adminis tration, the student has the responsibility for conferring with the student advisers in the College concerning an academic program. Appointments for academic advising can be made by calling 629-2605. Prospective students are encouraged to attend weekly small group advising sessions designed to provide informa tion on the College (admissions, transfer evaluations, etc.). Contact the College office for day, time, and room. Students should discuss with the faculty of the College the various majors available as well as career opportunities. Graduation Requirements The student alone is responsible for the fulfillment of these requirements. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to the College of Business and Admin istration office (UA Room 516) . The Bachelor of Science (Business) degree requires: 1. Total Credits. A total of 120 acceptable semester College of Business and Administration I 25 hours of credit , of which at least 54 hours must be in nonbusiness courses (including 9 hours of upper division work) and at least 51 hours in business courses. The re maining 15 hours may be in either, or some combination of both . This credit cannot include remedial work, repeti tion of courses , courses failed, or activity physical educa tion, recreation and dance courses. However, a maximum 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation, and/or dance may be used. Advanced ROTC work is acceptable only if the ROTC program is completed. All incomplete grades and correspondence course grades must be com pleted and recorded at the Office of Admissions and Records no later than four weeks prior to graduation. It is the student ' s responsibility to contact the instructor con cerning the removal of incomplete grades. A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. 2 . Residence . Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business, after admission to the College of Business and Administration, including 12 hours in the area of em phasis . Business courses completed at any University of Colorado campus after the candidate has been admitted to the College are acceptable toward this requirement . 3. Grade Average . Acceptable toward B .S. (Business) degree-2. 0 for all University courses, 2 . 0 for all business courses and 2.0 for the specillc 12 hours required for the student's area of emphasis. 4. Graduation With Honors . Upon recommendation of the faculty of the College of Business , students who dem onstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation . Please refer to the Honors Program under the Informacion About the College section. 5. Intent to Graduate Form. Students must file an In tent to Graduate Form and Diploma Card with the Col lege of Business and Administration office pn' or to registering for the last semester . Questions concerning graduation should be directed to a student adviser, UA Room 516. 6. Courses . Completion of all of the following required courses: Required Courses Semester Hours Area of emphasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Communication and composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Core requirements (basic courses in accounting, business law, business statistics, business and society , data processing , marketing , finance, organi zation management , produc tion and operations management and business policy) . .....................•... 30 Electives Business.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Nonbusiness (to include 9 hours of upper division work) ........ 15 Free electives (either business or nonbusiness electives) ........ . 15 General psychology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Introductory sociology or cultural anthropology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Natural science ( astro-geophysics , b iology, chemistry, physical geography, geological sciences, and physics) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Polit ical science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Principles of economics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Total 120

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26 I University of Colorado at Denver Model Degree Program The following sequence of courses is a guide to registra tion. Freshman Year Semester Hours Engl. 102 or 103. English Composition. . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... . . 3 C.T. 202 or 210 . Communication Theory or Public Speaking . . . . . ... 3 Math. 107. Algebra for Social Science, and Business' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Math. 108. Calculus for Social Science, and Business' .............. 3 P.Sci. 100 . Introduction to Political Science2 •••••.••••..••••••••. 3 P.Sci. 110 . American Political System ......................•.... 3 Soc. 100 . Introduction to Sociology) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Nonbusiness elecrive4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • . . . . . • . • . . . . . . • • . . . . . . 3 Natural Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Total Sophomore Year 30 Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (mactofmicro) ...... . ... 6 Psy. 203. General Psychology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad. 200. Business Informacion and the Computer ..... .......... 3 Q.M . 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 200 . Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . .............. 3 Nonbusiness electives4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Total 30 junior Year Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 305. Basic Finance . ....................... . . ............. 3 Or.Mg. 330 . Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 300 . Production and Operations Management ........ . . . ... 3 B.Law 300. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Business electives . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Nonbusiness elective4 . • . • . • . • • • • • • • • • . . • • • • • . • • • . • • . . • • • • • • • 3 Free elecrives4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Total 30 Senior Year B.Ad. 411. Business and Society or B.Ad . 410 . Business and Government ... .... . . . . ............. 3 B.Ad. 450 . Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B.Ad . 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy , and Entrepreneurship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area of emphasis ............. ........................ ...... . 12 Business elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Free electives4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Total 30 Area of Emphasis Each candidate for the B.S. (Business) degree must com plete the prescribed courses in an area of emphasis com prising 12 semester hours taken at the University of Colo rado. Typically, students select an area of emphasis from those offered after taking several of the "core" courses. Then they take the hours required for their selected area. Available areas of emphasis are: Accounting Production and operations Finance management Information science Public agency administration International business Real estate Marketing Small business management Minerals land management Transportation and traffic Organization management management Personnel-human resources management Although only one area of emphasis will be listed on the student's official records, students so desiring may accom plish the effect of a dual area of emphasis by careful selec tion of courses. ACCOUNTING Accounting courses are offered in several fields of pro fessional accountancy at the intermediate, advanced, and graduate levels . They provide preparation for practice in one or more of the following fields: Auditing Financial accounting Managerial accounting Tax accounting Data processing and control systems Teaching and research In all of these fields a thorough knowledge of the social, legal, economic, and political environment is needed. A high degree of analytical ability and com munication skill is indispensable. Courses in English composition, speech, ethics and logic are desirable. Courses in statistics and information systems, beyond the required College of Business core courses, are highly recommended. The undergraduate area of emphasis in accounting con sists of 12 hours beyond Acct. 200 and 202: Required Courses Semester Hours Acct. 322. Intermediate Financial Accounting I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct . 323. Intermediate Financial Accounting II . . .....•.......... 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting .............. ............. ........ 3 Accounting elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 12 Students planning to pursue accounting as a career usu ally take more than the required 12 hours. Many students take a total of about 30 hours of accounting, often taking two courses each semester in their junior and senior years. Students should work closely with the accounting faculty in planning their accounting programs . Students planning to take the CPA examination should take 30 hours of accounting and also be well prepared in statistics, business law, finance, and economics. Graduate study in accounting is receiving increasing em phasis by professional organizations and employers. Stu dents meeting admission requirements should consider continuing their education at the graduate level. FINANCE The principal areas of study in finance are financial management, monetary policy, banking, investments, and insurance. Finance is intended to give an understanding of fundamental theory pertaining to finance and to develop ability to make practical applications of the principles and techniques of sound financial management in business af•Math . 107 and 3 hours of college level calculus. (Math . 108 is recommended . ) College algebra carries no degree credit and may nor be used in lieu of Math. 107. Tr:msfcr srudcnr.s will receive credit for courses that are equivalent t o M a th . 107. Three hours of college level calculus may be substituted for Math . 108. • The following are also acceptable to fulfill the P.Sc. 100 requirement : P .Sc. 210, 300 , 302, 304, 306, 340, 3H, 3)), 36) . JSoc.. 100 is recommended to meet the sociology requirement; however, Soc. 104, 119, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384, and Cultural Anthropology arc acceptable . 4for c ompletion of the B . S.(Bwiness) degree requirements, the student's program must include at least 9 semester hours in upper divis.ion, nonbusiness courses (300 or 400 level). Graduate level coursts will not apply and carry no degree credit. •Three hours selected from the f o llowing c o urses : (1) History course , 100-200 level ; (2) Psych. 204, 225, 24) , 3 20,321 , 3 6), 449 ; (3) Phil . 101, 120, 221; ( 4 ) Cultural Anthropology or Soc. 100. 104, 119, 3 00 , 301, 302, 303, 30), 384. Group 4 courses are accepttble only if not used to fulfill the sociology requitement .

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fairs. Every endeavor is made to train students to think logically about frnancial problems and to formulate sound financial decisions and policies . Numerous opportunities are to be found with financial institutions and in the field of business frnance. Emphasis is placed on financial policy, management, control, analysis and decision making. Acct . 202 is a prerequisite for this area. Required Courses Semester Hours Fin. 401. Business Finance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 402. Business Finance II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 433 . Investment and Portfolio Management .................. 3 Fin . 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy ............................ 3 Recommended Elective Courses Fin . 440 . International Financial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin . 434 . Security Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 453. Bank Management .................................. 3 R .Es. 454. Real Estate Finance ....... . ......................... 3 Ins . 484 . Principles oflnsurance . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . 3 INFORMATION SCIENCE The information science area is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The student develops those technical skills and administrative insights required for the analysis of in formation systems , the design and implementation of systems, and the management of data processing opera tions. The emphasis is on management information systems-systems for the collection, organization , access ing, and analysis of information for the planning and con trol of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied extensively . The undergraduate area of emphasis consists of 12 hours beyond B.Ad. 200, Q . M . 201, and I.S . 215. Required Core (12 Hours) Semester Hours I.S . 350. Database Information Systems ......................... 3 I.S . 465 . Systems Analysis and Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S . 470 . Computerware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M. 330. Operations Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS In recent years, companies have completely reoriented their thinking, planning, and operations to capitalize on the opportunities offered in the world marketplace. Every phase of business operation is affected by this reorienta tion, and individuals who offer the appropriate skills, training, and orientation are in great demand . The program reflects the basic principle that effec tiveness in international business is based on a thorough training in business administration . The international business program provides the opponunity to build on these skills . The student electing this area must complete 15 semester hours as follows: Required Courses Sem e ster Hours Econ . 441. International Trade (applie s as a non -business elective) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad. 440 . International Business Seminar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 440. International Financial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr. Mg. 458 . International Transportation .......... . . ........... 3 Mk. 490 . International Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 College of Business and Administration I 27 Because of the availability of courses on the Denver cam pus, the requirements for this area may vary from those listed for the Boulder campus. Please see an academic ad viser for course scheduling. A second area of emphasis in business is highly recom mended. The course requirements for the second area can be included as part of the business and free elective hours . Foreign language skills are much sought after by business recruiters for this field . Other courses emphasizing inter national affairs may be elected from the following depan ments: anthropology , economics, geography , history , po litical science, psychology , and sociology . Students in terested in this area may stan their preparation by electing language and other liberal arts and sciences courses in their program. MARKETING Marketing is concerned with analyzing the market for a product or service, planning and developing that product , determining the most appropriate distribution channels, pricing the product , and promoting it . Today the ad ministrative policies and practices of any well-managed firm should be marketing-oriented toward the consumer . The career opportunities in marketing reflect the busi ness person ' s awareness of the imponance of this field . To day many individuals are rising to top executive positions by the marketing route. There are more executive and other job opponunities for women in the marketing field than in any other single area outside teaching or secretarial work . One out of every four people gainfully employed in this country is in a marketing position . Career opponunities abound in personal selling , adver tising, sales management , marketing research , retail i ng, wholesaling, marketing by manufacturers , international marketing , etc. Required Courses Sem e ster Hours Mk. 3 3 0 . Marketing research .............. . . . ................. 3 Marketing ele c tives (beyond Mk. 3 00) . . . . . . • . . . . . . • . . . . . . . • . . . . . 9 MINERALS LAND MANAGEMENT The curriculum in minerals land management is de signed to incorporate the primary course patterns of the College of Business and Administration along with certain field area preparat i on in geology , chemistry , economics , and land management . With this preparation , the graduate is a candidate for entry into employment as a Iandman , exploration trainee , lease broker , and other jobs related to the minerals in dustry . Colorado i s presently the headquarters for a wide assonment of r esource-based companies operating throughout the Western United States and Canada. These companies need qualified employees and have helped in the preparation of the program. The four-year program will consist of all College of Busi ness requirements and must include the following courses . No required courses (business or nonbusiness) may be taken pass I fail.

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28 I University of Colorado at Denver 1. Nonbusiness courses Semester Hours Geol. 207 and 208. Physical Geology and Geophysics' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Geology/Geography Option' . . .......................... . .... 7 Chern . 101 or 103 . General Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 . Business Courses' Acct . 202 . Introduction to Managerial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R .Es. 300 . Principles of Real Estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 . A minimum of 12 hours for the major area is required as specified below : Required Courses (The following four courses) MI.Mg . 485 . Mine rals Landman Administration .................. 3 MI. Mg. 495 . Oil-Gas and Mineral Law ............. . ............ 3 Fin . 401. Business Finance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R .Es. 4 73. Lc:gal Aspects of Real Estate Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Minerals Landman Adminisuation and Oil-Gas and Mineral Law are given only once a year . These two courses are to be taken after the completi o n of all lower division requirements and of 90 semester hours of work toward the M . L.M . major . These courses are open only to students who are regularly enrolled in the College of Business and Adminisuation . Recomm e nded Elective Courses Semester Hours R .Es. 430 . Real Estate Appraisal . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B .Law 412 . Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ. 453 . Natural Resources Economics . . .............. . . . . ..... 3 Econ . 454 . EnvuonmentalEconomics ........................... 3 Econ . 4 76. Government Regulation of Business . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ . 4 77, 478 . Economic Development-Theory and Problems I , II .... ............. . ..... . . ........ ....... 6 I.S . 215. Data Processing ............... . .....•............... 3 I. S . 3 50. Database and Information Systems. . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 130 . Introduction to Civil Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 C. E . 221. Plane Surveying . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . 3 ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT The organization management curriculum provides the foundation for a career in supervision and general management in a wide variety of organizations. It develops under standing and skill in management practice . The emphasis is on combining both the human resources and the ap propriate operations technologies into productive orga nizations . Required Courses Sem e st e r Hours (The following two courses) Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups .............. 3 Or.Mg . 4 37. Managing Complex Organizations ................... 3 (At least one of the following) PHR . 434 . Labor and Employee Relations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR . 438 . Personnel Administration : Employment ..... ........... 3 (At least one of the following) Pr .Mg. 440 . Production and Inventory Planning and Control ........ 3 Tr . Mg . 450. Transportation Operation and Management ........... 3 PHR . 43 9. Personnel Administration : Lc:gal and Social Issues . . . . . . . . 3 PHR . 4 41. Personnel Administration : Planning , Development and Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg . 444 . Work Des ign, Measurement and Produ c tivity Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr .Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr .Mg. 46 0 . Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad . 4 7 0 . Small Business Management and Operation ........... 3 PERSONNEL-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Personnel-human resources management offers oppor tunities for students to develop professional competence in the areas of personnel adminisuation and labor relations . Students develop understanding and skill in developing and impl ementing personnel systems including recruitment, selection , evaluation, training , and motivation of employees, and union-management relations. Requir e d C ourses Semest e r Hours (The following four courses) PHR . 43 4 . Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR . 438. P e rsonnel Administration : Empl oyment. . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 3 PHR . 439. Per s onnel Administr a tion : Legal and Social Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR . 441. Per so nnel Administration : Planning , Developm ent and Compen s a ti on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Rec ommend e d Electives Or. Mg. 335 . Managing Individuals and Work Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or. Mg. 4 37. Managing Complex Organ i zati o ns ................... 3 Pr .Mg. 444 . Work Design , Measurement and P roduc t ivity Mgt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct . 332. Co st Accou ntin g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I. S . 3 50. Data base and Information Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 Q . M . 3 00 . Intermediate Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Soc. 305. Socio log yofWork ...... . ............................ 3 Econ . 46 1. Labor Econ o mics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Psy. 485. Prin c iples of Psychologi c al Testing ...................... 3 Psy. 487. Personaliry Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Production and operations management studies are de s i gned to prepare students for careers as production man ager , ope r at i ons manager, management analyst , or systems analyst in such private sector organizations as man ufacruring , banking , insurance, hosp i tals, and construc tion , as well as in a v ariety of municipal , state, and federal organizations . Production or operations managers may be charged with the design , implem e ntat i on, operation, and maintenance of the production systems . Managerial activities could in clude for ecasting demand, production planning and inventory conuol , scheduling labor and equipment, job des ign and labor standards, quality control , purchasing, and facilities location and layout . The outlook for jobs in this area continues to be suong in the 1980s . This placement is aided by the student chap ter of the American Production and Inventory Conuol So c i et y and work intern p r ograms prov i ded to qualified students. Parti c ipation i n l ive case research and consulting projects with local organizations i s usually an integral part o f thi s course of study . Students whose major areas of emphasis are information s y stems , uansportation management, or engineering will find the production management 400-level courses to be particularly well related to their courses of study . 20 1 may be substituted for 207. •A minimum of7 hours of the following geo logy o r geography courses (3 h ours of geology m ust be included in the 7 hours; these may not be taken pass/fail) : Development of Co l orado and the West (G
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Required Courses Semester Hour s ( The following three courses) Pr.Mg. 440 . Production and Inventory Planning and Conrrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis and Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr. Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 (One of the following courses) Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design , Measurement , and Productiviry Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q . M . 330. Operations Research .......................... . . . ... 3 I.S . 215. Information Systems ................................ . 3 Mk. 485. Physical Disuibution Management ...... . . . ............ 3 Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management ........... 3 Recommended EJect ives I.S . 350. Databaselnformation Systems ... . . .............. ...... 3 Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Group s ............. . 3 Or.Mg . 437. Managing Complex Organizations ............ .... ... 3 PHR 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 4 38. Personnel Administration : Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 441. Personnel Adminisrration : P lan ning , Development, and Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Acc ounting . ....................•............. 3 Q . M . 300. Intermediate Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Students planning to take the APICS (American Production and Inventory Control Society) or NAPM (Na tional Association for Purchasing Management) certifica tion examinations should consult with an adviser to deter mine which elective courses should be taken . PUBLIC AGENCY ADMINISTRATION Public agency administration is designed to prepare stu dents for careers in management of governmental or other nonprofit service organizations . The curriculum in public agency administration provides the student with a found ation of core courses upon which to construct an area of emphasis which will focus on the type of service organi zation the student desires to enter upon graduation . Required Courses Semester Hours Acct. 480. Business and Governmental Budgeting and Conrrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Adminisrration : Employment ................ 3 O . Ad. 440. Principles of Office Management ..................... 3 Q . M . 330. Operations Research ................................ 3 REAL ESTATE Real estate careers require knowledge of real estate in vestment , urban land economics , real estate law , apprais ing, finance , taxes, management, sales, and accounting . Real estate is one segment of the economy in which it is still possible for a person to be his/her own boss whether as a broker , appraiser, developer, syndicator or property manager. Required Courses Semester Hours (After completion of R .Es. 300) R .Es. 430. Real Estate Appraising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es. 454. Real Estate Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R .Es. 401. Propeny Development or R .Es. 433. Real Estate Investments . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R .Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 It is strongly recommended that any student planning to sit for the Colorado broker ' s examination take all six of the real estate courses. Additional preparatory courses for a real estate career are: College of Business and Administration I 29 Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting ............................. 3 Ins. 484. Principles oflnsurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy ........................... . 3 Fin 433. Invesrroent and Ponfolio Management ................... 3 Mk. 310. Salesmanship ....................................... 3 Mk. 320. Consumer Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 470. Sales Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP Small business management studies provide understanding, knowledge, and skills in organizing and managing a small business . The emphasis is on the managerial aspects of the wide range of activities required of the entrepreneur. A second area of emphasis in business is highly recom mended. The course requirements of the second area can be included as part of business or free electives. Additional courses in management, finance, accounting, and market ing should be planned in consultation with the adviser to serve individual career needs . B . Ad . 452 (Small Business Strategy , Policy and Entrepreneurship) is recommended to satisfy the business policy requirement. Required Courses Semester Hours B.Ad . 470. Small Business-Management and Operation ........... 3 (Two or three of the following four courses) Fin. 401. Business Financel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting ................................... 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Adminisrration : Employment ............•. . . 3 Mk. 480. Marketing Policies and Srrategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended EJectives (The fourth course may be selected from the following) PHR. 4 34. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Conrrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr .Mg. 450. Transponation Operation and Management ...•...... . 3 Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 485. Physical Disuibution Management ..................... 3 O . Ad. 440. Principles of Office Management ..................... 3 Fin. 402. Business Finance II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT The curriculum in transportation management includes the role of transportation in society and the problems of traffic management within specific industries as well as the management of firms in the transportation industry, such as airlines, trucking firms, railroads, and urban transit firms . International transportation management problems and policies are analyzed. One of the recommended elect ive courses may be substi tuted with consent of the adviser for one of the required courses if there is a schedule conflict, if the course is not available, or if a student demonstrates a career need for such a course. Required Courses Semester Hours (Any four of the following six courses) Tr.Mg. 450. Transponation Operation and Management . .......... 3 Tr .Mg. 452. Problems in Traffic Management .................... 3 Tr.Mg. 456. AirTransponation ............................... . 3 Tr.Mg.457. UrbanTransponation ............................. 3 Tr.Mg. 458. International Transponation ........................ 3 Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management ..................... 3

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30 I University of Colorado at Denver Recommended Electives PHR . 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR . 438 . Personnel Adminisuation : Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 3 Tr . Mg . 4 51. Surve y ofTransponation: Law and Freight Claims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg . 460. Purchasing and Materials Management ................ 3 B.Ad . 47 0 . Small Business Management and Operation ........... 3 COMBINED PROGRAMS Numerous career opportunities exist for persons trained in both a specialized field and management. For this reason , students may be interested in combined programs of study leading to completion of degree requirements concurrently in two fields. Such combined programs have been arranged for engineering and business, pharmacy and business , and environmental design and business and may be arranged for other professional combinations as well . The two programs of study proceed concurrently, terminating together with the awarding of two degrees . Generally, at least five years will be needed for such com bined programs. No substitutions are allowed in this pro gram . Students desiring to transfer from combined pro grams to the College of Business must apply and will be considered as intrauniversity transfers . For students in combined programs , the requirements for the degree in business are as follows: 1 . An application for admission to the com bined pro gram must be filed with the College of Business and ap proved by the deans of both colleges. 2. Completion of at least 48 semester hours in business and economics , to include Econ. 201 and 202 (6 semester hours), required courses in business (30 semester hours), and a business area of emphasis (12 semester hours). 3. Comple t ion of at least 30 of these semes ter hours at the University of Colorado while enrolled in the College of Business. 4. Completion of nonbusiness requirements in mathe matics , communications, and the social and behavioral sciences in a degree program approved in advance by the College of Business . In addition, for some courses and areas of emphasis , there are prerequisite requirements which must be met . 5. At least a 2 . 0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Students in a combined degree program are subject to all policies of the College of Business. 6. Any combined degree student who does not make reasonable progress toward the completion of the business degree requirements, as determined by the College of Business, may be dropped from the program . 7 . The number of students accepted in any combined program may be numerically limited and is dependent upon existing demand each semester . Shown below is the combined engineering-business pro gram. For other combinations, students should consult with an academic adviser in the College of Business. The requirements for all combined business and engi neering programs are as follows: Required Nonbusiness Semester Hours Phys . 231. General Physics I ...... ............... ...... . ....... 4 Math . 140-241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus ... ............ 8 Econ . 201-202. Principles of Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Engl. 120 / 130 . Introduction to Fiction/Drama and Poetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P.Sc . 110. American Political System ........................... 3 Political S c ience elective selected from Business list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Psy. 203. General Psychology ..................•............... 3 Socio-humanistic electi v e selected from Business list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Required Business Acct . 200 . Introduct io n to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 200 . Business Information and the Computer ..........•.... 3 Q.M . 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 300 . Principles of Marketing ........................ . . ... .. 3 Fin. 305. Basic Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 300 . Production and Operations Management . ............. 3 Or. Mg. 330 . Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B .Law 300 . Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad . 410 . Business and Government ; or B . Ad . 411. Business and Sociery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad . 450 . Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B . Ad . 452 . Small Business Strategy , Polic y and Entrepreneurship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Specified courses in area of emphasis in one of the following fields : accounting , information science , finance , international business, market ing, minerals land management, production and operations manage ment, organization management , personnel-human resources, public agency administration , real esrate, small business management , or trans ponation and traffic management . All work in the area of emphasis must be raken at the Universiry of Colorado , College of Business . Area of emphasis .......................................... .:__..!1 Total 48 GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS Requirements for AdmissionMaster's Programs Admission to the master's programs will be determined by the following criteria: 1. Applicant's academic record. 2. The applicant's scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) . (This test is given four times each year at numerous centers throughout the world. For information and to make application for the test, write to the Educational Testing Service, P.O. Box 966, Princeton, New Jersey 08541.) In general, students failing to meet minimum standards are not admitted on a provisional status. Seniors in this University who have satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who need not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet re quirements for bachelor's degrees may be admitted to the Graduate School of Business Administration by special permission of the director of graduate studies. Completed applications, including GMAT scores, two official transcripts from each college attended, and a $20 nonrefundable application fee should be in the Office of Graduate Studies, Graduate School of Business Adminis tration, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colo rado 80309, by March 1 for summer admission, by Apnll

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for fall admission, and by October 1 for spring admission or until the quota is filled. Applications received after these dates will receive lower priority. BACKGROUND REQUIREMENTS Students applying for graduate programs in business do not need to have taken their undergraduate degree in busi ness. For those students the M.B.A. or M.S. degree pro grams provide a series of 3-semester-hour fundamental background courses. These include B.Ad. 501 (Account ing), B.Ad. 502 (Statistics), B.Ad. 503 (Marketing), B.Ad. 504 (Management and Organization), B.Ad. 505 (Finance), B.Ad. 506 (Business Law), B.Ad. 507 (Manage ment Science), and Econ. 201 and 202 (Macro and Micro or Econ . . 300 (Accelerated Principles of Economics) . In addition, all graduate students are required to take either B . Ad. 500 (Sources of Information and Research Methods-1 semester hour) or pass a qualifying examination. Graduate-level business courses are open only to admitted graduate degree students. Graduate students possessing an undergraduate degree in business must be prepared to present the following acceptable course work in order to waive the relevant grad uate fundamental course: Inuoduction to Accounting Statistics Prin ciples of Marketing Inuoduction to Management and Organization Finance Business Law Operations Research Principles of Economics Semester Hours 6 (Financial/ Managerial) By qualifying exam only 3 3 3 3 3 6 (Macro/Micro) or 3 (accelerated econ omics; must include Macro I Micro) Remedial work is required of all applicants accepted for the M.B.A. and M.S. programs who do not have the math ematical and programming sktlls. Students entering any of the graduate programs are required to take either B.Ad 502 (Fundamentals of Business Statistics) or to pass satisfactorily a qualifying examination covering this subject matter . General Information-Master's Programs The M.B.A. program is a two-year curriculum with the possibility of waiver, for properly prepared students, of all or part of the first year. The student must request course exemption and should be prepared to support the request for waiver . Up to 25 credit hours (First-Year Program) of course work may be waived. Advising. All graduate students should report first to the student adviser in the Graduate School of Business Ad ministration office for the purpose of ascertaining deficiencies and principal field of interest. The division heads of each area serve as faculty advisers. During the fust term of residence, each student should College of Business and Administration I 31 prepare a degree plan. This plan, with appropriate signa tures, should be filed in the Graduate School of Business Administration. Prospective students are encouraged to at tend weekly small group advising sessions designed to pro vide information on the M.B.A./M.S. programs. Contact the Graduate School of Business Administration for day, time, and room. Course Load. The normal course load for full-time grad uate students is 12-15 semester hours. Minimum Hours Required . A candidate for a master's degree in business must complete a minimum of 30 sem ester hours of graduate work plus any deficiencies. A maximum of 6 semester hours of graduate work can be trans ferred from another AACSB-accredited master's program. Comprehensive Examination . A comprehensive examination is not required for students pursuing the Master of Business Administration degree program. Each can didate for a Master of Science degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been met . This examina tion is given near the end of the candidate's last semester of residence. Students must be registered when they take this examination. Comprehensive exarriinations are given in November, April, and July. Students must file an Application for Admission to Candidacy and Diploma Card with the Graduate School of Business Administration during the first month of the final term of their residency. Minimum Grade Point Average. A minimum cumula tive grade-point average of 3 . 0 must be achieved in courses taken after the student's admission to the graduate prog ram. If the student's cumulative grade-point average falls below 3.0, he or she will be placed on academic probation and given one regular semester (summer terms excluded) in which to achieve the required 3.0 cumulative average . Failure to achieve the required average within the allotted time period will result in dismissal. Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she has received a grade of D or F. Both the original grade and the grade for the repeated course count in the computation of the grade point average. To earn a grade of W (withdrawal) in a course, a grad uate student must be earning a grade of Cor better in that course. Students will not be permitted to withdraw from courses after the tenth week of the semester. An IF grade shall be a valid grade only until the middle of the second semester (summer terms excluded) following that in which the grade of IF is given. By the end of that interval, the instructor concerned shall have turned in a final grade of A, B, C, D, or F. If no reports are received from the instructor within the allotted time, the IF shall be converted to F. Time Limit. All 30 semester hours of graduate work, in cluding the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years. Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Candidates for the master's degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity.

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32 I University of Colorado at Denver Master of Business Administration The Master of Business Administration program is devoted to the concepts, analytical tools, and communica tion skills required for competent and responsible ad ministration. The administration of an enterprise is viewed in entirety and within its social, political, and economic envlfonment. In addition to the background requirements for a master's degree listed above, the candidate for the M.B.A. degree must complete the specific requirements of the M.B.A. curriculum (30 semester hours) as follows: Core Requirements Semester Hours a . Functional Cousses Two of the following four functional cousses are required : Fin . 601, Mk. 600 , Pr.Mg . 640 (Logistics), and I.S . 645. Ar least one of these shall be either Fin . 601 or Mk. 600. Candidates with either marketing or fmance undergrad uate or graduate majors shal.l not take the corresponding functional course to fulfill this requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 b. Business and Its Environment Business , Government , and Society ( B.Ad . 610) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 c. Analysis and Control Business and Economic Analysis (B.Ad. 615) .................. 3 Administrative Controls (B.Ad. 620) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 (Accounting students should substitute Acct. 533.) d. Human Factors Organizational Behavior (B. Ad . 640) ......... __ . . . .......... 3 e. Planning and Policy Administrative Policy (B.Ad. 650) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area of Emphasis ......................................... .:...:._2 Total 30 Areas of emphasis include accounting, finance, manage ment science, marketing, organization management , per sonnel-human resources management , production and operations management, and transportation and traffic management. For students taking an area of emphasis in accounting, Acct. 322, 323, and 332 or their equivalents are prere quisites for all graduate level accounting courses. Acct. 533 is substituted for B.Ad. 620. Acct. 628 and two other graduate-level accounting courses are required in the area of emphasis . It is strongly recommended that accounting students take Fin. 601 as one of their functional courses. Requirements for an area of emphasis in finance are Fin. 601, 602 and either Fin . 633 or 655. Requirements for an area of emphasis in marketing are Mk. 600, 605 and one additional graduate marketing course. Candidates pursuing the area of emphasis in manage ment science normally elect either a decision science op tion or an information science option . Those electing the decision science option should consult with the division chairman concerning required courses . Those electing the information science option will normally be required to take I.S . 645, 650 and either I.S . 565 or I.S. 5 70. Students taking other areas of emphasis should consult the head of the division concerning the requirements. No thesis is required in the M.B.A. program . In the total program there must be a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate course work and a minimum of 24 sem ester hours of course work at the 600 level. Independent study is normally not acceptable for credit i n the final 30 semester hours of the M . B . A . program . Master of Business Administration Executive Program The M . B .A. Executive Program provides participants with a broad, rigorous two-year academic experience com parable to the regular M.B.A. degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration. The program is designed for persons who already hold managerial posi tions in business or other complex organizations. It builds upon the experience of these executive students with a challenging academic curriculum which can be pursued simultaneously with a management career. The M.B.A. Executive Program emphasizes corporate planning, the business I government interface, and the ap plied tools of management . Courses are taught through a variety of methods. Case studies, lectures, and •omputer simulation are combined with research projects and other teaching methods to provide students with tools useful in their present positions and applicable to more advanced responsibilities as they progress in their management careers . The degree awarded is the Master of Business Ad ministration . The program covers a two-year period scheduled in eight terms of 12 weeks each, with a summer break. Classes alternate each week between Fridays and Saturdays, with some evening group discussions and special speaker pro grams. FACULTY AND RESOURCES The faculty for the program are members of the regular faculty of the Graduate School of Business Administration from all three of the University's campuses-Boulder, Colorado Springs, and Denver. They are selected to con duct these courses because their backgrounds enable them to make the strongest contribution to the program. Many of these faculty members are nationally recognized and possess both practical managerial experience and a dem onstrated ability to work effectively with executive level students . ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS The M.B. A . Executive Program is designed for men and women who have a minimum of five years of business or administrative experience, including at least three years in a managerial position. They should presently be part of senior management in a small organization or senior or middle management in a larger one, hold at least a bach elor's degree, and have the ability to do graduate work. In the selection process, significant attention will be given to the depth and breadth of the cand idate ' s man agerial experience, progression in job responsibility , total work experience, and ability to benefit from this in tegrative classroom/work environment. The Admissions Committee will base its decisions on the application, former academic record, the employer ' s nominating letter, other letters of recommendation, and if deemed desirable, personal interviews with the committee. To obtain further information contact the Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver , Colorado 80202, telephone 629 -2605.

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Master of Science The Master of Science degree affords opportunity for specialization and depth of training within a particular major field and a related minor field . MAJOR FIELDS For detailed information concerning requirements and recommended programs for each of the major fields, stu dents should consult the division heads of the following areas : Accounting, Finance, Management Science, Market ing, and Management and Organization. Call 629-2605 for division head's name and telephone number . With the approval of the student's adviser and the direc tor of graduate studies, minor fields may be chosen from business subjects or from other graduate departments . available in the College of Business for selection as a mmor are : Accounting Finance Health adminisuarion Management science and information systems Marketing Organization management Personnel-human resource management Production and operations management Transponation and traffic management The minimum requirements for the M.S. degree, after all undergraduate background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan II . The student's deg ree program should be approved in advance by the ad visory committee and the director of graduate studies. Plan I. The requirement is 30 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis ( 4 to 6 hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. A minimum of 21 semester hours of credit is required of all candidates and, including the thesis, must be earned in a major field. A minimum of three courses, normally 9 semester hours but not fewer than 6, must be completed in a minor field . A minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level. Plan II. A minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate level course work must be met in both a major and a minor field . No thesis is required. Of the 30 semester hours of graduate-level course work, a minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level. All M .S. students must pass written comprehensive examinations covering major and minor fields during the College of Business and Administration I 33 last semester enrolled . The candidate's committee may re quire an oral final comprehensive examination subsequent to the written examination. Graduate Program in Health Administration There is a growing need for health administrators who are capable not only of effectively managing and directing health care institutions, but of recognizing the implica tions of their decisions for the broader system of delivery and the community as a whole. This means that future health administrators must be provided with the primary tools of effective management, as well as those attitudes, knowledge areas, and skills that will enable them also to direct their institutions in the public interest. It is the philosophy of this program that the public in terest is best served if: 1. Health care is provided in the most cost-effective manner within the context of existing values, resources, and technology . 2. Health administrators are able to recognize the need for and bring about change in the health care delivery system. 3 . Strategic decisions of health care institutions are guided by a balanced set of criteria representing organiza tional objectives and system needs . In considering applicants for admission to the Graduate Program in Health Administration, students are selected on a competitive basis according to the following criteria: 1. Previous health experience. 2. A well-formulated career plan. 3. Academic standing (B average or better) . 4. Graduate Management Admission Test scores. 5. Subjective impressions received through the appli cant's written statement, letters of recommendation, and personal interview. Not all applicants who are accepted into the program are required to appear for a personal in terview. For additional information concerning the Graduate Program in Health Administration and a list of required and elective courses, contact the Graduate School of Business Administration, UCD. Doctor of Business Administration Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for information regarding the Doctor of Business Administration (D . B.A . ) program.

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College of Design and Planning john M. Prosser, Acting Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE The College of Design and Planning (formerly College of Environmental Design) at UCD offers five graduate pro grams: the Master of Architecture , Master of Architecture in Urban Design, Master of Interior Des i gn, Master of Landscape Architecture, and Master in Planning and Com munity Development ; and one service program , the Center for Community Development and Design . Undergraduate programs in the College are available only through the University of Colorado at Boulder , and students interested in the Bachelor of Environmental Design degree should see the catalog for that campus . The College offers programs designed both to train men and women who can meet the complex and demanding challenge of developing and shaping the environment and to provide the practicing professional a means of keeping abreast of cultural and technological changes . In recent years, the roles and responsibilities of the environmental design professions have broadened . The social and physical problems encountered by the architect, urban designer, the landscape architect , the planner, the technologist in environmental systems, and the interior designer have minimized the lines of demarcation among these professions and interdependence among them has increased. The College maintains traditional and essential ties with the professions and practitioners in the community and through the Division of Continuing Education offers workshops for architects in solar architecture, seismic design , and business development and law. The College participates in faculty interchanges with the Boulder cam pus, participates in the architectural engineering program of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, and relies on local professionals to reinforce its teaching pro gram. The College of Design and Planning is a member of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Col legiate Schools of Planning and is represented by its stu dents, faculty, and alumni on various professional boards, committees, and societies . In 1979, the National Archi tectural Accrediting Board renewed the College's accredi tation for a three year period . Its program in planning was granted renewed recognition by the American Planning Association in 1980 for a five-year period . In 1981, the landscape program received its initial two-year accredita tion from the American Society of Landscape Architects. Full professional status in most environmental design fields generally requires a minimum of five or six years of academic experience and two or three years of practical ex perience followed by state registration or licensing through a professional examination. Qualifications for success in these careers are not easily measured. Candidates for this profession must have the ability to complete successfully an academic program rang ing from fundamental humanistic and scientific courses through applied technical activity to full creative develop ment . They should have a background of secondary educa tion that includes courses in mathematics and physics. Some experience in creative activity may aid them in pre determining their personal satisfaction from the creative process. Design and Planning Library The Design and Planning Library , a branch of the Auraria Library and Media Center , serves as a learning re source center for the design fields . It contains the follow ing collections provided to support the curricula of the College : 1 . Professional reference collection containing technical materials selected to support design and planning studio projects. 2 . Core collection of circulating materials comprised of standard works in the fields of architecture , landscape ar c hitecture, interior design, and urban design. 3 . Collection of planning documents issued by local , regional , state, and federal agencies w ith an emphasis on materials pertaining to Colorado communities and con cerns. 4. Collection of periodicals relating to the design fields . 5 . Reserve collection providing resource materials for re quired and supplemental class reading . 6 . Small, but growing, nonprint media collection which includes architectural slides, multi-media kits , microcomputer software, and microforms. In addition, the main Auraria Library houses background and research materials of interest to environmental design students and faculty, including materials in the arts, humanities, social sciences, and engineering . The library is open 60 hours per week, including some evening and weekend hours . The staff includes a librarian, two library assistants , and several student assistants. The branch library provides a number of services including reference and research assistance, library use instruction, and circulation of materials. Additional services , such as

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interlibrary loans and computer assisted research, are pro vided through the main Auraria Library. Computer-Aided Instruction The College established a computer-aided instruction laboratory in the fall of 1981. The laboratory has micro and mini-computers with access to computers on other campuses . The computers are being used in the areas of computer-aided design, solar architecture, space planning, computer graphics, site engineering, and planning. Model Shop and Photo Laboratory The College maintains a darkroom for student use as well as a variety of camera and audiovisual equipment . These facilities are valuable aides in preparing class presen tations, design projects, portfolios, and in learning multi media techniques for presentations. The model shop is available for use in fabricating architectural models and in furniture design projects. A staff technician is on duty to assist students in the use of these facilities . Financial Aid Graduate scholarships and fellowships are available to continuing students only, with the exception of Colorado Grants. A limited number of Colorado Grants are available to new students who are residents of the state of Colorado and who fulfill the University's criteria for finan cial need. Forms to apply for State of Colorado Graduate Grants, Federal Work-Study Assistance, and Federal Na tional Direct Student Loans (NDSL) are available through the Office of Financial Aid, UCD, 1100 14th Street, Denver 80202 . Grade-Point Average Requirement and Scholastic Suspension Students must maintain a 3.0 average for a degree. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirements during any semester will be permitted to continue their studies during the second semester, but will be placed on probation . Students who fail to meet the minimum re quirement after two semesters will be suspended. After a period of one year, appeal for readmission may be made by petitioning the Scholastic Deficiency Committee of the College or the director. Special Students Beginning with fall 1981, the College of Design and Planning accepts only up to 16 credit hours of courses taken as a graduate special student for application toward degree credit. Foreign Students To serve foreign students who are considering a second professional degree better, the College has begun a policy of admitting students coming directly from overseas into the spring semester only. Applicants for all programs must be received by March 15 of the preceding year. All other application requirements must be met . Residence Requirement A student must be in residence for at least one full acaCollege of Design and Planning I 35 demic year's work, which is normally 30 semester hours. Time Limit Beginning with fall1981, students in two-year programs must complete all work required for a graduate degree within a five-year period from the time of first enrolling for classes as a degree candidate. Students in three-year programs must complete all work within a six-year period . Elective Courses Elective courses must be at the 300 level or above. Stu dents should check with their respective director regarding subject choices. MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE The Division of Architecture offers three degree pro grams, all of which lead to the Master of Architecture. The three programs are named by typical time-in-residence : three-year, two-year, and one-year programs. The three and two-year programs lead to the first professional degree for architectural practice; the one-year program leads to a second professional degree . The one-year program is open only to applicants already holding the fust professional degree in architecture (gener ally the bachelor's, occasionally the master's). Individually organized studies are focused on the student's interests in architecture or in architecture with an energy specializa tion. The two-year program is open to holders of the Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree and is arranged to receive graduates of the Division of En vironmental Design at Boulder or similar undergraduate studies at other schools. The three-year program is open to holders of the bach elor's degree in all other fields. Curriculum The Division of Architecture is a professional school; its role and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in architectural design, graphic communications , history and theory, technology, and professional practice. Architectural design is the central activity of the several programs and the design studio serves to integrate archi tectural learning from all course work in the supportive arts and sciences. Most studios are conducted on the case study method; skill in the definition and the solution of design problems is acquired through the analysis and the working of exercises which simulate actual building problems. Ad vanced studio options are available with projects in the Center for Community Development and Design. The design thesis is the culmination of architectural studies. Communications courses provide the graphic skills nec essary to present design ideas. History and theory courses anchor the student's work in social responsibility, and in an understanding of the forces that give shape to buildings and cities. Technology courses give basics in structures, and in the environmental concerns of utilities, heating, lighting, and acoustics. Professional courses provide ex posure to the workings of contemporary practice, and an

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36 I Universit y of Colorado at Denver internship in a practicing professional's office is a course option in the final year . The goal of all of these studies is competency for the graduate s of the division as in telligent , knowledgeable , and creative designers, each at the threshold of entry to ar chitectural careers in private practice , government , or in dustry . Admission Requirements APPLICATION The complete set of materials for application for the Master of Architecture programs include the application form, college transcripts , three recommendations, state ment of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and profes sional work . To be considered for admission, the complete set of application materials must be received by March 15 preceding the fall semester of entry. The portfolio must be no larger than 14 inches by 17 inches . The application form and additional information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Architecture , University of Colo rado at Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver, Colorado 80202 . Applicants must hold a Bachelor of Arts , Bachelor of Fine Arts , or Bachelor of Science degree from an accredited four-year college or univers ity to be accep t ed into the three-year Master of Architecture program . A four-year degree in architecture or environmental design from an ac credited college or university i s required for acceptance into the two-year program . A Bachelor or Master of Ar chitecture degree from an accredited architecture program is required for acceptance into the one-year master's pro gram . ADMISSION An Admissions Committee will review the application material s and select s t udents to be admitted t o programs. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted , or have not been accepted, prior to May 1. The recommended minimum grade-point average is 2. 75 on a 4-point scale. If the student's grade point aver age is below 2. 7 5 , the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials . The student , however , will be evaluated for adm i ssion on the basis of all the application materials and no t the grade point average alone . One-Year Program The one-year program is available only to students already holding the first professional degree , t he Bachelor or Master of Architecture . The Master of Architecture i s awarded upon satisfactory completion of 32 semester hours of studio course work and thesis . Two study programs are offered, Urban Design (see the Division of Urban Design) and Energy. The Energy curriculum was inaugurated in the fall of 1981 and brings together outstanding faculty from the profession and research . The program provides studio opportunities exploring energy as the basis for a new design paradigm , and provides studies in bu il ding energy performance quantification . These studies in energy design and analysis are supported by the computer laboratory within the College . Two-Year Program The two-year program is open to the student with a four-year Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architec tural Studies degree who seeks the first professional degree in architecture. The program is a two-year, 64-semester hour series of studies leading to the Master of Architecture degree. Students in the third or fourth year of the University of Colorado at Boulder Environmental Design degree pro gram who intend to pursue the Master of Architecture should take Structures (ENVD 452 and 453); Environmen tal Systems (ENVD 450) ; Materials and Methods of Con struction (ENVD 4 51); Architectural History (ENVD 4 7 0 and 471) ; and Architectural Graphics (ENVD 420 and 421) ; and a minimum of six semesters of design (including ENVD 400 and 401) . Students from other four-year design programs must have taken two semesters of architectural history, two semesters of basic structures (statics , strength of materials) and must show, with the portfolio, a graphics ability equivalent to the two-semester course in architec tural graphics . Required courses in the two-year program that have been taken by the student in prior studies may be waived if the grade received is B or above. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 64 semester hours and all required courses . TwoYEAR PROGRAM CoURSE REQUIREMENTS S e m ester Hours Architectural design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Technologies .. ..................... . .......... . ........... 15 Theory .......................... . . .................... . ... 3 Professional p r a ctice and constru cti on documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Landscape archite c rure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 3 Electi ves ...........•.......•............................. Total 6 4 Three-Year Program The three-year program is open to students w i th a bach elor's degree , with a particular program prerequis i te of one year of high school or college basic physics and college mathematics through calculus. The mathematics and physics requirement must be completed before entering the program. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 96 semester hours and all re quired courses. THREE-YEAR CoURSE REQUIREMENTS Semes t e r H o urs Archit e c rural design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Technologies ..................................... ......... 27 The ory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Graphi c communi c ation s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Professional practice and c onsuu c t i on documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Landscape archite c tur e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Planning .... ............................ . ................. 3 Elec ti v e s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Total 9 6 Recommended Order of Studies Two-YEAR PROGRAM: 600 and 700 lev d s THREE-YEAR PROGRAM: 500, 600, and 700 levels

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Fall Semester : 500 level Semester Hours Arch . 500 . Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Arch. 510 . Graphics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arc h . 551. Materials and Construction ................ . ...... . . . 3 Arch . 552. Structures I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P . C.D . 570 . Development of Environmental Form ............... . 3 Spring Semesier : 500 level Ar c h . 501. Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Arch . 511. Graphics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 550 . Environmental Systems ........... . . . ............... 3 Arch. 55 3 . Structures II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ar c h . 5 71. Architecture of the 20th Century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fall Semester : 600 level Arch . 600 . Design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Ar c h . 650 . Energy and Utilities . ............................... 3 Arch . 660 . Structures III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 630 . Survey of Landscape Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P . C. D . 500 . Fundamentals of Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Spring Semester : 600 level Arch . 601. Design ... . ....................................... 5 Arch . 651. Lighting and Acoustics ......... . .................... 3 Arch . 666 . Structures IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 660 . Professional Practice and Construction Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Arch. 670 . American Architectural History or U . D. 682 . Architectural and Urban Design Theory ................ 3 Fall Semest e r : 700 level Arch . 700 . Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Arch . 7 12. Thesis Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Arch . 7 60 . Internship (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 Elective Spring Semester : 700 level Arch. 701. Design Thesis ........ . . . ................... . ...... 7 Arch. 7 50. Systems Synthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 3 Arch . 7 61. Internship (Optional) ............................... 3 Elective MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN DESIGN Program Options and Descriptions Urban design is one of the graduate environmental de sign programs taught at facilities which are located in the core of the metropolitan Denver area. The curriculum focuses on the complex problems that are generated by change and growth in a vigorous urban and regional lab oratory . Emphasis is given to participatory community and publicly funded design, research , and technology . Special efforts are made to utilize the vast resources of informacion available from federal, state, and local agencies and insti tutions which are concentrated in the immediate com munity. Specific courses and projects are arranged to incor porate these allied academic, civic, and citizen inputs into the design processes. The sequential format, content, and progression of the Architecture in Urban Design program has been devel oped to provide a broad range of balance study which com bines architecture, landscape, planning, and urban design methodologies. Direct contact and coordination with the activities of the students and faculty in these disciplines is an essential part of the curriculum. Importance is given to the problem-solving processes associated with mixed use complexes, neighborhood, activity center , village, town, and cityscape projects. College of Design and Planning I 37 Specific courses in urban technologies , urban theories , environmental impact analysis , including social and eco nomic planning factors are available . During the final se mester students have a wide choice of professional electives v:hich can be closely related to their thesis problem selec uon. Two sequences are available in the program . One is a non-prelicensing two-year graduate degree for students who have received a bachelor's degree in environmental design , landscape, architectural studies, planning , or urban studies. The one-year program is for students who have obtained a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree . In both sequences the fmal master's year is a synthesis of the special factors influencing urban design in one of five options : recreational facilities , community development, rehabilitation or renewal , transportation, and health care . In this phase the student is carefully advised throughout the period of his/her independent research and design studies. Opportunities to do state and city outreach work in association with the Center for Community Develop ment and Design (the College state-wide design aid field program for ethnic and economic minorities) are available . Many other real problems and/or case studies from the community, which require anticipatory and feasibility design and development, also are considered . Whenever possible, individual or team projects in cooperation with allied disciplines and institutions are encouraged . An urban design specialization option in Main Streets conservation is being developed to begin in the 1982-83 academic year. Admission Requirements In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program , they must submit application forms , college transcripts, three letters of recommenda tion, statement of purpose , and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall se mester they wish to enter . All portfolio materials submit ted with the application must be in 8112" by 14" format or smaller . If slides are included , they must be in a loose-leaf slide holder . It is recommended that students indicate the type and length of all work experience they have had since receiving a degree. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Master of Architecture in Urban Design, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver , Colorado 80202. Curriculum Outline In both sequences the studio is the focal point for the specialization selected by the student. The projects chosen are developed on an independent study basis with meet ings, seminars , and evaluations scheduled between the student and the faculty advisers. Cognate courses are selected with the guidance of the faculty advisers from related subjects offered by the College or other units of the University . One-Year Program A one-year program leading to the Master of Architec ture in Urban Design degree is available to students hold-

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38 I University of Colorado at Denver ing a first professional degree in architecture. The degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 30 semester credit hours minimum. The program is for students who wish to pursue advanced studies in compound, complex com munity architecture and urban design problems. ONE-YEAR SEQUENCE Course Requirements Semester H ours Urban Design Studio .................. • ..................... Thesis Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Environmental Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Planning , Landscape Electives ............. .................. .:..:....._ 15 Thesis Stud i o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Urban Design Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Professional Electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 -11 30 TwoYear Sequence A two-year non-prelicensing program leading to a Master of Architecture in Urban Design degree is available to students holding a first degree in architectural studies, environmental design, landscape architecture, urban studies , and planning. The degree is awarded upon satis factory completion of 60 semester credit hours minimum . The program is for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in multidisciplinary design problems and processes which are evolving throughout the urban environment. First Year Semest e r H o ur s Urban Design and Graphi c s Workshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Design History Philosophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Urban Design Systems and Management . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Professional Electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 15 Urban Design Studi o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Design History Philosophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Environmental Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Transponation Systems .................................... .:...c.__i Second Year 1 5 3 0 See One Year Sequence .................. . . . . . . ......... .. .;.l.2 MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGN Interior Architecture and Space Planning Transportation Design 60 The master's degree program in Interior Design is struc tured to educate designers who will be qualilled to assume responsible leadership roles in the continuing growth of the profession and in the improvement of the quality of man's near environment by constructively relating the design process to man's life processes . There are two programs leading to the Master of Interior Design degree. The two-year program is open to applicants holding Bachelor of Interior Design , Bachelor of En vironmental Design, or Bachelor of Architecture degrees. The three-year program is designed for applicants holding bachelor's degrees in other fields from accredited four -year colleges or universities . The program is characteristically unique in the following way s : Multidis ciplinary Approach. Individualized insuuction and guidance are provided in skills and knowledge that are in t egrated from r elated disciplines . Accordingly , the stu dent dev e lops personal models and methodologies within a multidisciplinary c on c eptual framework for the analysis, d.esign, and evaluat i on of appropriate interior en vuonments . Interior Archit ecture and Space Planning On"entation. The program relies heavily upon the conviction that the design of an interior space and the building form contain ing it are inextricably related . The former inwardly responding to the human environment, the latter out wardly responding to the natural environment; both design acti v i t ies require high degrees of interdependent specializations in generating an adequate integrative en vironmental form . Social and Behavioral Base. Understanding the social, behaviora l, and biolog ical implications of man-environ ment interactions i s emphasized as an integral part of des i gn research/problem-solving methods in all design studio wor k . Coordinated University-Professional Community Learn ing Experiences. T he program is a direct response to the Rocky Mountain region ' s general recognition of a need for designers whose professional training is relevant to re gional interests . In turn , the professional community serves as an auxiliary source of educational enrichment by providing students with opportunities to combine theo retical and applied learning. Admission Requirements APPLICATION In order for students to be considered for admission into the graduate program, they must submit application forms , two original transcripts, three recommendations, and a statement of purpose. A portfolio of academic and professional work is required when applying into the two year program. Appli c ation deadline is March 15. Applica tion forms and informat i on may be obtained by writing to the Director of Interior Design, College of Design and Planning , Univers i ty of Colorado at Denver , 1100 14th Street , Denver, Colorado 80202 . ADMISSION A Faculty Admissions Committee will review the appli cation materials and select the students to be admitted to the program . Appl i cants will be notified that they have been accep t ed , are on a waiting list, or have not been ac cepted , prior to May 1. The recommended minimum grade-point average is 3.0 on a 4-point scale. If the student's grade-point average is below 3 . 0 , the Graduate Record Exam i nation is recom mended as part of the application mater ials. The student, however , will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the applica ti on mater ials and not the grade-point average alone .

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Interior Architecture and Space Planning ORDER OF STUDIES (Two AND THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS) Fall Semester , First Year Semester Hours Int . D . 500 . Design Research/Problem Solving Methods . ........... 5 L.A . 510. Graphic Communications I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 lnt. D . 530 . Theories and Methods of Programming .... ............ 2 Arch . 5 51. Materials and Methods of Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 lnt. D . 552. Materials and ProcessesofManufacturing .............. 1 P . C . D. 5 70. Development of Environmental Form .............. .:...:._1 17 Spn ng Semester, First Year lnt. D . 501. Residential Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A . 511. Graphic Communications II .......................... 3 Int. D . 55 7. Elements of Stru c ture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 5 71. Development of Architectural Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved Psychology Elective ............................... .:...:._1 1 7 Fall Semester , Second Year Int. D . 600 . Commercial Design ................... . . .......... 5 lnt.D. 660 . Furniture Design ................................. . 3 Int.D. 680 . Physical Environmental Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 650 . Environmental Control System I ...................... 3 B . Ad . 504 . Fundamentals of Management and Organization ..... . .:...:._1 17 Spnng Semester , Second Year Int. D . 601. Transportation Design ............................. 5 lnt.D. 662 . Profess i onal Practice and Management . . . ............. 3 Int. D. 681. Human Environmental Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . 6 51. Env ir onmental Control Systems II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad . 506 . Legal Environment of Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 17 Summer Term , S e cond Y ear Int. D. 665 . Internship (optional) ... ........... . . . . .... ........ 6 Fall Semester , Third Year Int. D . 7 00. Institutional Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Int. D. 624. En v ironmental Signage and Graphic Design ......... . . . 3 Approved Landscape Architecture Elective ..................... .:...:._1 13 Spring Semester , Third Year Int. D . 701. Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 B .Law 512 . Business law ........................ . ............ 3 B.Ad . 503. Fundamentals of Marketing (Fall or Summer Semesters) or B . Ad . 610 . Business , Government, and Society ................. .:...:._1 13 Transportation Design ORDER OF STUDIES (Two AND THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS) Fall Sem e ster , First Year Semester Hours Int . D . 500 . Design Research/Problem-Solving Methods ....... . .... 5 L.A . 510. Graphic Communications I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 lnt. D . 5 3 0 . Theories and Methods of Programming ...... .... . . . ... 2 Arch . 5 51. Material s and Methods of Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 lnt. D . 552. Materials and Processes of Manufacturing .............. 1 Aes. 385. Human Fac tors and Physiology of Flight' .....•........ .:...:._1 1 7 Spn ng Semest e r , F i rst Year lnt. D . 502. Ground Transportation Design ...................... 5 L.A . 511. Graphi c Communications II ................. . ....... . 3 Int . D . 55 7. Element s of Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Econ . 527. Econom i c s ofTransportation .....................•... 3 Approved Elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ . . . ....... .:...:._1 College of Design and Planning I 39 Fall Semester , Second Year lnt.D. 602 . Air and Aerospace Transportation Design ............ .. 5 lnt. D . 660 . Furniture Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 lnt. D . 680 . Physical Environmental Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 3 Arch . 650 . Environmental Control Systems I ..................... 3 B . Ad. 504 . Fundamentals of Management and Organization . ......................................... .:...:._1 17 Spn " ng Sem ester, Second Year lnt. D . 603 . Sea Transportation Design ...............•.......... 5 Int. D . 662 . Professional Practice and Management .. .............. 3 lnt. D . 681. Human Environmental Factors . .... ....... . .......... 3 Arch . 651. Environmental Control Systems II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr . Mg . 557. Urban Transportation ..................•........ .:...:._1 17 Fall Semester , Third Year lnt. D . 702 . Interface Facilities Design ........................... 7 lnt.D. 624 . Environmental Signage and Graphic Design ......... . . . 3 Ur.S . 473 . Methods in Urban Perception ...................... .:...:._1 13 Spring Semester, Third Year lnt. D . 703 . Thesis ........................................... 7 B . Law512 . Businesslaw . .......................... . ........ . 3 B . Ad . 503. Fundamentals of Marketing ... .... .............. . . .:...:._1 13 MASTER OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE The academic program leading to a Master of Landscape Architecture degree at the University of Colorado at Denver responds to a perceived need to offer professional training preparing students to meet the complex and de manding challenges of designing and shaping the physical environment. Our rapidly growing western regions, both urban and rural, require comprehensive problem-solving skills which address regional climate, geology, soils, hydrology, and vegetation . These related processes provide a regional basis for planning and designing land for public/private use, enjoyment , and preservation . Programs UCD offers both twoand three-year graduate-level pro fessional programs leading to the degree Master of Land scape Architecture. The two-year second professional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 64 semester hours, is structured to provide advanced training and ex posure in the theoretical, technical, and practical aspects of design for those M.L.A . candidates possessing a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture degree . The three-year ftrst pro fessional degree program, comprised of a minimum of 96 semester hours , is offered to students with undergraduate degrees not specifically related to landscape architecture . These programs permit the M . L.A. candidate to pursue a wide range of career goals responding to the profession's concerns and expertise in physical planning and design. A 17 'Aerospace Science course offered b y Metropolitan S tate College.

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40 I University of Colorado at Denver major goal of the program is to develop the candidates' knowledge and practical skills of landscape architecture in order to assume effective roles in professional practice. EmphaSis is placed upon the emerging problems of the fron tier areas of the Rocky Mountain region, and on applying problem-solving tools, theories, and methodologies to en vironmental concerns covering a broad range of scales and project types. Curriculum The curriculum includes those subjects considered as es sential to core professional training in the field of land scape architecture, including design, natural resources, technology , history, and professional practice. Both pro grams and courses have a design focus upon real problem solving situations with emphasis on design process. Opportunities exist to develop complementary knowl edge and skills related to interdisciplinary projects involv ing the graduate programs of architecture, urban design, planning, and public administration, within the College of Design and Planning . Additionally, through the Center for Community Development and Design (an outreach program in the College), the M.L.A. candidate is afforded opportunity for actual project experience and participation for a variety of projects within the Denver metropolitan area and the state of Colorado. The hierarchy of courses from term to term includes se quences of design , technology , and history core courses re quired of all entering candidates . The fmal spring term is reserved for a thesis. The project is performed under the guidance of a Comprehensive Thesis Committee com prised of faculty, practicing professionals, and technical specialists in the project topic. Additionally, the M.L.A . candidate is encouraged to complete a minimum 12-week internship with a professional landscape architectural of fice or under the work supervision of a professionally regis tered landscape architect. Admission Requirements Applicants to the three-year program or those who do not have a first professional degree, Bachelor of Landscape Architecture, should have proficiency in college mathema tics, physical science, English, environmental science, and a basic course in an or drawing. Applicants to the two-year program, having undergrad uate degrees in landscape architecture, architecture, envi ronmental design , or other physical design degrees are considered for admiss i on upon individual evaluation of their undergraduate curriculum, scholastic performance , and professional experience. To be considered for admission into the graduate pro grams in landscape architecture, applicants must submit application forms , college transcripts, three recommenda tions , statement o f purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall se mester the y wish to enter the program . The portfolio for mat is to be 14 inches by 17 inches or smaller . Application forms and funher information may be ob tained by writing to the Director of Landscape Architec ture , College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 . ORDER OF STUDIES (Two AND THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS) Fall Semester , First Year Semester Hours L.A . 500 . Landscape Architecture Design I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 510. Graphic Communication I. ..... ... ... . . ............. . 3 L.A . 550 . Landscape Architecture Engineering IEnvironmental Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A . 5 6 1 . Synthecology Field Research (Retreat I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 L.A . 580 . Rock y Mountain Plant Materials .......... . .......... .:.._:_}_ 15 Spnng Semester, First Year L.A . 501. Landscape Architectuse Design II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A . 511. Graph i c Communication II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A . 560 . L.A . ConstrUction ! Materials and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P . C . D . 5 7 0 . Development of Environmental Form ....... ......... 3 L.A . 581. Rocky Mountain Plant Design. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ 3 17 Fall S e mes t er , Second Year L.A . 600 . Landscape Architectuse Design III ........... . ........ . L.A. 641. Theories and Methods of Design Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 L.A. 650 . Landscape Architecture Engineering II ........... ....... 3 L.A . 661. Synthecology Field Research (Retreat II) ................. 1 L.A . 670 . Landscape Architectuse History/ Theory Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A . 6 9 1 . Ecosystem Analysis and Adaptation ....... . . ........ , .:.._:_}_ 17 Spnng Semester, Second Year L.A . 601. Landscape ArchitectUSe Design IV ..................... 5 L.A . 651. Landscape Architec t ure Engineering III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A . 681. Rock y Mountain Plant Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 18 Fall S e mester , Third Year L.A . 700 . Landscape Architecture Design V . ...... ........... ... . L.A . 7 60 . Landscape Architectuse Construction IIWorking Drawings and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B . Ad . Business Admin. Elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A . 761. S y nthecology Field Research (Retreat III) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 L.A . 79 0 . Independent Design Practicum Research and Research Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 L.A . 791. Landscape Architecture Issues Seminar ......... . ...... .:..:.._l 15 Spn ng Sem e ster , Third Year L.A . 701. Independent Des ign Practicusn-Design VI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 721. Professional Practice Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A . 7 9 2 . Natural Resousce Issues Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elective ............................ ..................... .:.._:_}_ Total Hours MASTER'S DEGREE IN PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT 14 96 The MPCD program prepares students to become pro fessional planners-career specialists in researching, designing, evaluating , and implementing strategies of en vironmental and community action. Careers for planners are found in such fields as environmental design, com munity development, land use and growth management, social services, environmental administration and assess ment , policy analysis, energy development, natural

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resources , land development, private planning consulta tion, corporate planning, urban redevelopment , housing , and regional planning. Because Denver is the Rocky Mountain West's central location for managing and plan ning these fields of action , UCD planning students are often able to combine learning general principles and skills in the classroom with practical working experience in near by operating agencies and organizations. Curriculum The curriculum requires 60 semester hours as a minimum for graduation . Forty-five of these semester hours are required core courses aimed at training the stu dent in basic planning purposes, principles , content , research methods, and planning/policy-making skills. Of these required credits , 3 are spent in experiential learning and internships with public agencies and other organiza tions. Three plan-making studios are required with the one possibility being an integrated studio with the other design division in the College. Another 15 credit hours of the curriculum are elective . They are chosen in consultation with the student's faculty adviser to form a consistent pattern of planning expertise along the lines of the individual's major interests . The courses may be chosen from the MPCD's own core elec tives, from other programs in the College of Design and Planning , or from other graduate schools at UCD . Typical areas of specialization have been land use, transportation, planning administration, community development , urban design, social services, energy, and health planning . The final curriculum requirement in the student's last semester is the satisfactory completion of an indepth planning thesis . Admission Requirements In order for a student to be considered for admission into the graduate program, application forms must be submitted by April15 for the fall semester. Entry into the program at other times is not normally permitted . Ap plications for admission are reviewed by a faculty-student committee . Criteria for admission include academic per formance , experience, interest, and motivation for study . Candidates for admission should note that a !-semester hour course in statistics is part of the 60-hour core cur riculum. Students who have taken an acceptable course in statistics may have this requirement waived. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to Director , Planning and Community Develop ment Program , College of Design and Planning, Universi ty of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colo rado 80202 . SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAM To provide unusual educational and practical ex periences for outstanding students in all five graduate divi sions , the College has established an optional, integrated, multidisciplinary studio . These classes are offered fall semesters to final-year students who choose to work on unique public and private actual design and planning projects for which the College has been asked to provide College of Design and Planning I 41 educational, technical , and research assistance. During the last six years, more than 25 of these comprehensive studies have been completed by teams of students for towns, com munities, neighborhoods, institutions, agencies , and com panies . The studio is jointly taught by faculty from five professional divisions and the Center for Commumty De velopment and Design. CENTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN The Center for Community Development and Design provides educational and technical assistance to solve design, planning, and community development problems upon request to groups , organizations, neighborhoods, communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The center provides these ser vices to aid in the development of the community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided by mobilizing the necessary and available resources of the College of Design and Planning and the community and by utilizing the appropriate community development pro cess and participatory techniques. A central goal of the center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community members on problem solving through supervised projects in the field. The faculty and staff of the center coordinate community projects for which students register through classes in the various academic curricula . Students who register for these projects assume an added responsibility of satisfying client needs that goes beyond academic credit. Students are expected to do two things : utilize and de velop professional expertise which not only enhances their own education but also better prepares them to assist in the community problem-solving process, and to develop an understanding for community participatory processes and be able to integrate these into the technical aspects of their community project. The types of projects students may select to work on in clude developing a physical design program for a child care center in an inner-city neighborhood ; assisting a neighbor hood to organize, design, and implement a self-help hous ing program in a small mountain town ; and developing a comprehensive plan in cooperation with a planning com mission in a Colorado high plains town. Main Street Program A joint effort by UCD and the State Department of Local Affairs, this innovative program provides assistance to small towns attempting to restore the economic viability of their retail cores . Interdisciplinary teams of students will work closely with the communities to address planning , design , and economic development issues (see urban design program options). Community Research Center Conducting applied social science research on the struc ture and dynamics of communities-whether inner city, suburb, or impacted rural area-is the mission of the Community Research Center (CRC). With the establish-

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42 I University of Colorado at Denver ment of the CRC, the CCDD completes the triangle of what its projects encompass: service, education, and re search. In addition to functioning as the in-house research arm on CCDD projects, the CRC also conducts research on a contractual basis for government entities, communities, and design/planning professionals. The CRC affords University faculty and students the opportunity to par ticipate in applied research projects . Areas of expertise within the CRC include social impact assessment, program evaluation, social surveying, organi zational development, conference planning, and consul tation to the design and planning profession on the social and behavioral aspects of design and planning.

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School of Education Gerald W. Lundqu ist, Ass o c iate Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL UCD off ers undergradua t e an d g r ad u ate programs to prepare teachers and other educational workers. The educ ation of school personnel has long been a recognized re sponsib ili ty of t he University . No program of studies i n volves the coordination o f more scholastic discipline s than does the education of teachers . None i s more fundamen tal , more significant , more far-reaching , or more enduring in its impact on society . The teacher education program , both undergraduate and gradua t e , i s fully accredited b y the North Cenual As sociation of Colleges and Secondary Schools and by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Educa tion. Membership also is held in the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education . Students i nterested in pursuing a program of studies leading to teacher certification should consult the School of Educa t ion office . Those desiring to pursue graduate programs or to take courses as graduate students should consult t he Graduate School sect i on of this bulletin . All appli c ation forms for School of Educat i on programs are available in the school office , loc ated a t 1100 14th St .; telephone 629-2717. TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM The Teacher Certification Program i s designed to pre pare elementar y and secondary teachers for urban school settings through academic work , professional studies , classroom teaching experiences , community field ex periences , and urban stud ies courses . Graduate and undergradua t e teacher certification pro grams are available at UCD in elementary education and in secondary education in the fields of communication and theaue , English , German, French , Spanish , mathematics , science, and social stud ies. Undergraduate students must fulfill all degree re quirements of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . For students who already have a B . A ., B.S ., or advanced degree it is possible to obtain teacher certification only or to work toward an advanced degree in education while ob taining Colorado teacher c ertification . Student Candidates 1. Juniors and sen i o r s who are working on a B . A . degree . 2 . P ersons who already have B.A., B.S., or advanced degr ees, but who do not have t e aching certificates . The Program FIRST SEMESTER (FALL) Semester Hours T. E d . 406/506. Foundations of American Education' . . . ........... 3 T. E d . 413/513 . Ge n eral Educational Psychology' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 T .E d . 436/536 . Teaching Reading in Urban Schools• .............. 3 T . Ed . 473/573. Th e City as a Cultural Laboratory ... . ............. 2 T .Ed. 420 / 520. Media in Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Time Commitment for Field Expeni:nces: T.Ed. 406/506 . Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools T. E d. 413/513. Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools T.Ed . 436/536 . Two hours per week in Denver Public Schools If t h e stu d ent elects to take these courses out of sequence, such as T.Ed. 4 06/506 the first semester and T.Ed. 413/513 and 436/536 the following f a ll, the time commitment will be a minimum of four hours per week e a ch sem ester . City as a C u l tural Laboratory: To be offered fall semester in the form of individ u alized field experiences in the ciry of Denver. Seminars will be h el d during the semester to process the experiences . SECOND SEMESTER (SPRING) Special Methods : a . For el eme ntary certification : Semester Hours T . E d . 415/515 . Basic Elementary Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 b . F or s e condary certification : D iscipline-area methods course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 T.Ed. 475/575 . School-Based Field Expe r ience (Secondary) ......... 2 6 ho ur s per week in Denver Pu b lic Schoo l s T . Ed. 475/575. School-Based Field Experience (Elementary) . ....... 4 12 hours per week in Denver Public Schools T .Ed. 4 1 2/512 . Development, Communication, a n d Group Process . ..... ............ . ........................... . . Full-time involvement in School of Education for elementary level sru dent s during second semester of program . SUMMER SESSION (OPTIONAL ENROLLMENI') This additional semester may be necessary for some srudents to complete progr am requirements d u ring a two-year period. 1. S t u d e nt teaching (T . Ed . 470/570, T . Ed. 471/571, T . Ed . 439/539, T . E d . 440/540). 2. A c a demic work in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . 3 . Elective courses in the School of Education also may be taken dur in g the summer terms . 1A fidd experience component is an intcgul pan of each of these courses.

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44 I University of Colorado at Denver THIRD SEMESTER (FALL) Semester Hours Flementary c ertification: (Involves an 8-week full-time student teaching assignment, concurrent seminar . ) T.Ed . 470/570 . Student Teaching-Elementary School ............. . 8 T.Ed. 439 /539 . Seminar in Elementary Student Teaching . ......... . T.Ed . 408/508. Methods and Materials for Teaching the Exceptional Student . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Secondary certification: T.Ed . 471 / 5 7 1. Student Teaching-Secondary School (8 weeks full time or 16 weeks half-time assignment) . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 T . Ed. 440/540 . Seminar in Secondary Student Teaching ........... . T . Ed . 408 / 508 . Methods and Materials for Teaching the Exceptional Student . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 FOURTH SEMESTER (SPRING) Semester Hours T.Ed. 414 /514. Seminar: Urban Education, Bilingual/ Multicultural Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Admission Procedures A check list which outlines the steps necessary for admis sion into the Teacher Cenification Program is availa ble in the Education office. Students should obtain and follow the procedures as listed. For funher information contact the School of Education, llOO 14th St., 629-2717. A com prehensive handbook describing the Teacher Cenification Program is available in the Auraria Book Center. Graduate Programs Refer to the Graduate School section of this bulletin for information regarding graduate programs in education.

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College of Engineering a nd Ap plied Science P aul E. Bartlett, Resident Dean INFORMAT ION ABOUT THE PROFESSION Through engineering the resources of nature are used for the benefit of h u manity and the environment. Engi neers today are expected not only to be competent plan ners and designers of technical systems, but significant contributors to the betterment of their environment in the social and humanistic sense as well. Engineering profes sional societies have committed themselves to the principle that, as mankind gains the ability to build more powerful machines and more useful devices, there must be a strong and successful effort to protect natural resources and the environment . An engineering career demands hard work, and so does an engineering education. In return engineers have ex cellent opportunities to work in various places, meet new chal l enges, or move upward in management . The engineer is generally well paid and usually in demand; in the rare times when there is a surplus of certain kinds of engineers, individuals usually have little difficulty finding attractive op portunities in other fields. C u r r ently, registration is required in all states for the l e gal right to practice professional engineering. Although there are variations in the state laws, graduation from an accredited curriculum in engineering, subscription to a code of ethics, and f o ur years of qualifying experience are r e quired. In addition, two days of examinations covering the engineering sciences and the applicant's practical ex p e rience are required in most states . Those who cannot qualify for registration are expected to work under ex p erienced registered engineers. The following programs in the College are now ac c r edited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC) of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET): aerospace engineering sciences, archi tectural engineering, chemical engineering, civil engi neering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engi ne ering. The College also offers degrees in electrical engi n e ering and computer science. Degrees in applied math em atics and engineering physics are offered by the College o f Engineering and Applied Science in cooperation with the mathematics and physics departments of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Accreditation by the Engineering Accreditation Commission has not been sought for the programs in applied mathematics and engi ne ering physics in order to allow students maximum flex ibility in choosing engineering course electives . A listing of the fields in which engineers work would have many hundreds of entries. The following list by de partments gives only a brief summary . The aerospace engineering sciences prepare engineers for an indu suy that encompasses the design and consuuc tion of both commercial and military aircraft and the de velopment and fabrication of space vehicles. Advances in this technology have permitted the industry to enter also the fields of urban mass transit, undersea exploration, bio engineering, nuclear engineering, laser technology, and many other emerging high technology fields. An aerospace engineer often works at the forefront of engineering with scientists in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemisuy, biology, etc. Applied mathematics meets the need of modern research, which is dependent upon advanced math ematical concepts. Almost all concerns that are engaged in indusuial and scientific research today need applied mathematicians, as do organizations involved in computa tional work, statistical analysis, or stochastics . Architectural engineen ' ng prepares students for careers in the building industry and for research at the graduate level on building-related topics. This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a pro fessional engineer . The architectural engineering curriculum is recom mended for those wishing to specialize within the building industry in engineering design, construction and contract ing, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization of fered: construction engineering, environmental engineer ing, or structural engineering. Chemical engineers convert natural resources into in dustrial and consumer products in facilities that include r efineries and gasification plants. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engi neering-oils, metals, glass, plastics, rubber , paints , soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others. The department has recently revised and upgraded its bioengineering/premedical engineering program . It is very much interested in research directed toward eco logically sound development of chemical processes . It is also working hard on energy problems and is suessing in its instructional program problems of energy conversion . Civil engineering offers an interesting and challenging career to the student interested in the design and construc tion of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other

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46 I University of Colorado at Denver structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals , pipelines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and the control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment ; in the construction and contracting in dustry; and in the problems concerned with man's physical environment and the growth of cities. Electncal engineen "ng offers professional possibilities that include teaching and research in a university; research in development of new electrical or electronic devices, in struments, or products; design of equipment or systems; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; and sales or management for a private ftrm or branch of government. There are numerous specialties within electrical engineering. Among them are the design of computer systems and computer software; electromagnetic ftelds, which are basic to radio, television, and related systems; communication theory and signal processing; electrical machinery; solid -state, integrated-circuit, and electron devices; energy and power control systems; and others. The electn "cal engineenng and computer science pro gram is designed to provide entrance into the profession for students who wish to work in computer engineering. This includes design and constrUction of efficient software systems as well as an introduction to hardware design. Present interest is in the application of microprocessors. The engineering physzCist works where new kinds of en gineering are being born, or where many ftelds are being used jointly. General knowledge of the diverse ftelds of physics provides the ability to deal with industrial prob lems that cannot be solved by a standardized procedure in a specialized fteld. The training prepares the student for a career in physics where there are many and varied oppor tunities in development work and industrial research . It is also basic for graduate work in physics and for specialized training in research. Mechamcal engineering is very broad in scope, not iden tified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device , or system but instead is concerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively . The objective of the undergraduate program is to prepare the student to meet and anticipate change, and to work with technologies as yet unknown. Typical starting assignments for the grad uating senior include positions with oil, construction, and automotive industries . INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE B.S. Degree Programs The College of Engineering and Applied Science offers at UCD complete four-year programs leading to the B.S. degree in civil engineering, electrical engineering, elec trical engineering and computer science , mechanical engi neering, and applied mathematics . A number of the courses leading to the B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences , architectural engineering, chemical engineering, and engineering physics also are offered at UCD. The course requirements during the freshman year are essentially the same throughout the College of Engineer ing and Applied Science. About two-thirds of the sophomore year is common to all, and the remainder of the courses begin to point to the various ftelds of engineering taught; real specialization begins, however, in the junior year and carries on through the senior year. A ft.fth year of study leading to the master's degree is strongly urged for students of more than usual ability who feel they can profit from additional study . Those in this category are likely to achieve greater ultimate success in the engineering profession. At UCD it is also possible for a student to obtain a bach elor's degree in engineering and a bachelor's degree in business in ftve years plus one or two summer terms. Any of the engineering degree programs can be modified for an excellent premedical program. If liberal arts students elect certain courses in science, mathematics, and engineering as undergraduates, they may earn an engineering degree in four semesters after graduation from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Graduate Degree Programs At the graduate level, UCD offers degree programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the Master of Engineering, Master of Science, or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Summer Courses Summer term courses are planned for regular students and those who must clear deficiencies. Courses also are of fered for high school graduates who wish to enter as freshmen and for those who need to remove subject defi ciencies. For information about courses, students should write to the resident dean of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, UCD, for the Schedule of Summer Courses. For some students there are advantages in starting their college careers during the summer term. Some required freshman and sophomore courses are normally offered at UCD during the summer. The summer term gives students a head start and enables them to take a lighter load during the fall semester or take additional courses to enrich their program. Scholarships, Fellowships, and Loan Funds Money contributed to the University Development Foundation for assistance to engineering students is de posited in appropriate accounts and used according to the restrictions imposed by the donors. Numerous industries match employee contributions. A list of companies con tributing to scholarships and fellowships and different loan funds available can be obtained from the dean's of flee. Student Organl:z:ations The following honorary engineering societies have active student chapters in the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science:

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Chi Epszlon, civil and architectural fraternity Eta Kappa Nu, electrical engineering society Tau Beta Pi , engineering society Student chapters (or clubs) of the following professional societies are well established at UCD: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Society of Women Engineers (SWE) These soci eties meet frequently to present papers, speakers, ftlms, and other programs of technical A general student organization , kn?wn as the Engineering Students (AES), of whiCh all students m the College are members , has supervision of matters of interest to the whole group. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION The prospective engineering student needs to be able to work hard , should enjoy mathematics , and should a keen interest in science and its methods . Sound curwstty about the principles governing the behavior of forces and materials and the ability to visualize structures and ma chines are necessary prerequisites . The ability to express ideas in both written and spoken form is of primary impor tance. In order to enroll, the student must meet the admission requirements of the College of Engineering ar;td AJ:>plied Science and the admission requirements descnbed m the General Informacion section of this bulletin. Persons of sufficient maturity and experience who do not meet the prescribed requirements for admission may be admitted upon approval of the resident dean . Beginning students in engineering should ?e prepared to start analytic geometry-calculus . No cred1t toward a degree will be given for algebra or trigonometry will be offered to allow a student to make up defictenctes). Any student who questions the adequacy of his or her P.recollege background in mathematics the mathematics coordinator for suggesuons. A diagnosuc test covering precalculus mathematics will . be avail.able, prior to registration, to assist new freshmen m selectmg the ap propriate beginning mathematics course . To be prepared for the type of mathematics will be taught , the student must be competent m the baste ideas and skills of ordinary algebra , geometry, and plane trigonometry . These include such topics as the fundamen tal operations with algebraic and radicals , fractions, simple factormg, solunon of linear and quadratic equations, graphical representation , . systems of equations, complex the theorem arithmetic and geometnc progresswns , the trigonometric functions and their use in triangle solving and simple applications, the standar? theorems of geometry , including some sohd geometry . It ts estimated that it will usually take seven semesters to cover this material adequately in high school. . It is recommended that students take at least two uruts of a foreign language . College of Engineering and Applied Science I 47 FREsHMEN High School Subjects Required for Admission' English (lite rature , composition, grammar) Mathematics disuibuted as follows: Algebra Geometry Additional mathematics (uigono metry recommended) Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) Social studies and humanities (Foreign languages and additional units of English , history, and literature are included) Total Former Students Required UnitJ1 4 2 1 2 3 _3_ 16 Former students must meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin . Records made at collegiate institutions while the student was a member of the armed forces will not necessarily be a deter mining factor in a student's readmission to the University of Colorado, but all such records should be submitted. Students who have withdrawn must obtain permission of the resident dean to reenroll in the College of Engi neering and Applied Science. Students who interrupt their course of study may be required to take any preparatory courses which added during their absence or to repeat courses m whtch their preparation is thought to be weak . Transfer Students Students transferring from other accredited collegiate institutions may be considered for admission on an indiv idual basis if they meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin and the freshman requirements for entering the College of Engi neering and Applied Science . Intrauniversity transfers within the same campus of the University to the College of Engineering and Applied Scienc e will be considered on an individual basis if both of the following conditions are fullftlled: 1. Enrollment limitations permit. 2. The student's prior academic record fulfills the admissions requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science . Intercampus transfers of students fror;n one campus . of the University to another will be considered on an m dividual basis if the following conditions are fulfilled : 1. Enrollment limitations permit. 2. The student has a minimum of 30 hours in an engiaApplkants not meeting these requirements c?rui?ered on an individual basis. A srudcnt who is not prepared should apect to make up defic1enaes. lA unit of work in hjgh school is defined as a course covering a school !car of not 36 weeks, with five periods of at least 40 minutes per week . (Two penods of manuo.l uauung, domestic science, drawing, or laboratory work are cqu.ivalem to one penod of classroom work) This is equivalent to 180 actual periods per unit. Fractional credits of value. less than. one-hill umt wilJ not be accepted. Not less than one unit of work will be. accepted 111 a fore1gn b.nguage, demwtary o.lgebra, geometry , physics . cherrusuy . or biology . . . . •Electives may be chosen from any of the high school subjecu ( except phySico.! educauon) wh1ch are accepted by an accredited school for its diploma and whtch -;neet.the as defined by the: Nonh CenuaJ Association. However, not more than two uruts wilJ be constdc:red from draw ing. shop, o r other vocational work; coUIKs that have d .escripcive geometry features may be con sidered for elective units beyond the recommended uruts.

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48 I University of Colorado at Denver neering curriculum at that campus, not counting transfer hours. 3. If an engineering student, the student is in good academic standing with at least a 2. 0 cumulative grade point average for all courses attempted and for all courses that count toward graduation requirements . If not an engineering student, the student's academic record has all that fulftlls the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Some course sequences should be completed before transferring to another campus; therefore, it is strongly recommended that students who contemplate transferring campuses see their department adviser prior to initiating the transfer request . Both iotrauoiversity and intercampus transfers are sub ject to review by a faculty committee which evaluates the applicant's qualifications for academic success in engineer ing subjects. TRANSFER CREDIT Mter a prospective transfer student has made applica tion and submitted transcripts to the University of Colo rado, the Office of Admissions and Records issues a State ment of Advanced Standing (currently Form 382) listing those courses that are acceptable by University standards for transfer. A copy of this statement is received by the resident dean's office at the time the student is admitted by the Office of Admissions and Records and is made a part of the permanent record. The appropriate engineer ing faculty departmental representative will use this cop y of the form to indicate which of those credits listed may be acceptable toward the 136-hour graduation requirement in the College of Engineering and Applied Science and note the tentative acceptance of these credits by dating and in itialing each acceptable course listed on the Statement of Advanced Standing . The student will be notified that the acceptance i s tentative and is contingent upon satisfactory completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours at the Uni versity of Colorado before the credits may be officially ap plied toward the degree requirements . It is the responsib:Jity of transfer students, after having completed the 30 semester credit hours at the University of Colorado, tore quest final valtdation of the credits by their department and to have this validation noted on the Statement of Advanced Standing kept in the resident dean's office . If at any time a student wishes to have a course not pre viously accepted considered again for transfer , the student should consult with the departmental transfer adviser and complete a petition to the resident dean through the department chairman. All transfer credit must be vali dated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses . NONTRANSFERABLE CREDITS Students desiring to transfer credits from engineering technology programs should note that such credits are accepted only upon the submission of evidence that the work involved was fully equivalent to that offered in this Col lege. There are technology courses given with titles and text books identical to those of some engineering courses . These may still not be equivalent to engineering courses because of emphasis that is ooomathematical or otherwise divergent . In order t o assist engineering technology students with transfer planning, the following guidelines have been established : Courses on basic subjects such as mathematics , physics, literature, or history may be acceptable for direct transfer of credit if they were t aught as part of an accredited pro gram for all students and were not specifically designated for technology students . Students who have taken technology courses (courses with technology designations) that may be valid equiv alents for engineering courses have these options: 1 . They may petition faculty advisers to waive the course. The requirement for a course can be waived if students demonstrate tha t, by previous course work , in dividual study , or work experience they have acquired the background and training normally provided by the course . No credit is given toward graduation for a waived course, but strong students may benefit from the waiver by being able to i nclude more advanced work la ter in their cur riculum . Other students may profit by taking the course at this College instead and thus establish a fully sound basis for what follows . 2 . Credit for a course may be given if the course work was done at an accredited institution of h i gher education . The University of Colorado department involved may recommend that credit be transferred to count toward the requirement s for a related course in its curriculum . Credit cannot be given for vocational-technical or remedial courses under rules of the University . (See section on trans fer of college-level credit in the General Information section of this bulletin.) 3 . Students may seek credit for the course by examina tion . ACADEMIC POLICIES Refer to the General Information section of this bulletin for descriptions of University-wide policies . The following policies apply specifically to the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Advanced Placement Advanced placement credit may be granted by special examination of the department involved or by College Eo trance Examination Board (CEEB) tests . If the applicant has scored 4 or 5 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination, credit toward graduation may be awarded. Students who have scored 3 may be considered for ad vanced placement by the department concerned. All ad vanced placement and transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses, in accordance with standard transfer policies of the College. Advanced placement credit for the freshman math ematics courses in calculus will be limited to not more than 4 hours each. Equivalent mathematics courses from other colleges are usually accepted at full value . Attendance Regulations Successful work in the College of Engineering and Ap-

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plied Science is dependent upon regular attendance in all classes. Students who are unavoidably absent should make arrangements with instructors to make up the work missed. Students who, for illness or other good reason, miss a final examination must notify the instructor or the resident dean's office no later than the end of the day on which the examination is given . Failure to do so will result in an Fin the course. Changing Departments Students who wish to change to another department within the College of Engineering and Applied Science must apply for transfer by submitting a Change of Major for Undergraduate Degree Students form which must have the approval of both departments concerned and the resident dean. 1 College-Level Examination (CLEP) Credit Prospective students may earn college-level credit through the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) subject examinations, provided that they score at the 67th percentile or above. Departments will advise students of the credits accepted for such courses. The number of credits so earned must be within the limits of the number of elective hours of the individual department. A list of subjects in which CLEP examination credit will be ac cepted may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science office. The currently approved list in cludes 23 subjects in the fields of computing, business, science, mathematics, the humanities, and social sciences. (See also College-Level Examination Program in the Gen eral Information section of this bulletin.) (CLEP general examinations are not acceptable.) Counseling Freshman students are counseled by the resident office and by representatives from each academic depart ment. These representatives are readily available to assist students with academic, vocational, or personal concerns . Students are assigned specific departmental advisers for academic planning and should consult with the depart mental chairman or designated representative for assign ment. Course Load Policy Full-time Students. Undergraduate students employed less than 10 hours per week should register for the regular work as outlined in the departmental curricula . Additional courses may be allowed when there is satisfactory evidence that these extra courses can be taken profitably and credit ably. Permission to take more than 21 hours may be granted only after written petition to the resident dean. The petition must carry the approval of the departmental faculty adviser. Employed Students. Suggested maximum course loads for undergraduate students employed 10 or more hours per week are as follows: Employed 40 or more hours per week-two courses (maximum of 9 semester hours) Employed 30 to 39 hours per week-three cour ses (maximum of 12 semester hours) College of Engineering and Applied Science I 49 Employed 20 to 29 hours per week-four courses (maximum of 15 semester hours) Employed 10 to 19 hours per week-five: c ourses (maximum of 18 semester hours) Freshman Year Fundamentals taught in the freshman year are of prime importance in the more advanced classes, and every effort is made to register a beginning freshman in the proper courses. (Course requirements for freshmen are detailed within the curriculum given under each department.) All freshmen are urged to consult their instructors whenever they need help in their assignments . Repetition of Courses A student may not register for credit in a course in which he already has received a grade of Cor better . When a stu dent takes a course for credit more than once, all grades are used in determining the grade-point average. An F grade in a required course necessitates a subsequent satisfactory completion of the course. Students may not register for credit in any course which they have previously enrolled in and completed for NC (no credit). Work Experience It is the policy of the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science that any credits accrued in the official records of the student that were awarded for work experience (or for Cooperative Education experience) will not apply as part of the 136 semester hours required for an engineering degree. Polley on Academic Progress The following is a statement of the Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering and Applied Science . An overall average of 2. 0 or better , in hours taken at the University of Colorado toward graduation requirements, is necessary to remain in good standing in the College of En gineering and Applied Science. Grades earned at another institution are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado. However, grades earned in another school or college within the University of Colorado will be used in determining the student ' s scholastic standing and progress toward the bachelor of science degree in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Students whose overall average falls below 2.0 will be placed on probation for the next semester in which they are enrolled in the College and will be so notified . If, after that semester the student's average is still below 2 . 0, the student will be suspended from the College. The following is additional information and interpreta tion of the policy: 1 . Students who have been suspended are suspended indefinitely and may not enroll at any Universit y of Colo rado campus during any regular academic year, September through May, but may enroll in summer sessions or Vaca tion College and/or may take correspondence courses for credit through the Division of Continuing Education. 2. Students who have been suspended may apply for readmission if they bring their overall average up to a 2 . 0

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50 I University of Colorado at Denver through summer session, Vacation College, and/or cor respondence work applying to engineering degree re quirements as approved by a member of the Academic Progress Committee. 3. A student, upon satisfactorily completing at another college or university a minimum of 12 semester hours of work appropriate to an engineering curriculum subsequent to suspension, may apply for readmission as a transfer stu dent. 4. Applicants for readmission to the University of Colo rado cannot be assured readmission. S. During a probation semester the student must com plete a norma/load, i.e., 12 hours or more (for a full time student) of courses counting toward graduation requirements. Physical education courses do not count; if the student has previously completed 6 hours of ROTC courses, ROTC courses do not count; if 24 hours of social humanistic subjects have been completed, social-human istic subjects do not count . 6. Students who have been on probation or suspension at any time in the past will automatically be suspended if theii overall average again falls below a 2.0. Details of the probationary and suspension status and of the conditions for return to good academic standing will be stipulated in the letters of probation and suspension. Information regarding these matters may be obtained in the Office of the Resident Dean, Room UA 402. Grading System, lncompletes, Pass/Fail and Drop/ Add Procedures See the General Information section of this bulletin for the University of Colorado uniform grading system and for additional pass/fail information and drop/add pro cedures. Also see the current Schedule of Courses. GRADING SYSTEM It is particularly important to note that in the College of Engineering and Applied Science courses to be counted to ward fulfilling the 136-hour graduation requirement can not be taken no credit (NC) . Once a course has been taken for no credit, the course cannot be repeated for credit . INCOMPLETE$ An incomplete may be given by the instructor for circumstances beyond the student's control, such as a documented medical or personal emergency. When it is given, the student, the resident dean's office, and the departmental office are informed, in writing , by the in structor what the student is to do in order to remove the incomplete and when the tasks are to be completed . The instructor may assign only the I! F grade . The studentis expected to complete the course requirements, e.g., the final examination, term paper, within the established deadline and not to retake the entire course. The grade will be con verted automatically to a grade ofF after one year unless the specified work is completed. PASS/FAIL The primary purpose for offering courses on a pass/fail grade basis is to encourage students, especially juniors and seniors, to broaden their educational experience by electing challenging courses without serious risk to their academic records. In general pass/fail should be limited to 300or 400-level courses. Engineering students cannot take required courses pass/fail . Below are specific pass/fail regulations for the College of Engineering and Applied Science. 1. A maximum of 16 pass/fail hours may be included in a student's total program. A maximum of 6 hours may be taken in one semester , but it is recommended that not more than one course at a time be taken pass/fail. 2. Courses that a student may elect to take pass/fail shall be designated and approved in advance by the stu dent's major department. If courses not so designated are taken, the earned grade will be recorded in place of the P or F grade . An engineering student who has not designated a major field will not be allowed the pass/fail option without approval through the resident dean's of fice. 3 . A transfer student may count toward graduation one credit hour of pass/fail for each 9 credit hours completed in the College; however, the maximum number of pass/fail hours counting toward graduation shall not exceed 16, including courses taken in the Honors Program under that program's pass/fail grading system . 4. Students on academic probation should not enroll for pass/fail courses . DROP/ADD Only under very extenuating circumstances will peti tions for dropping courses be considered after the tenth week of the semester. Sequence of Courses Full-time students should complete the courses in the department in which they are registered according to the curriculum shown under their major department in this bulletin. (Part-time students may need to modify the order of courses with adviser approval . ) Any course in which there is a failure should, upon the first recurrence of such course, take precedence over other courses; however , each student must be registered so that departmental re quirements will be completed with the least possible delay. Students who do not earn a grade of C or better in a course that is prerequisite to another may not register for the succeeding course unless they have the permission of both the department and the instructor of the succeeding course . Students may enroll for as much as 50 percent of their courses in work that is not a part of the prescribed curricula of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, pro vided they have at least a 2.0 grade average in all college work attempted. Exceptions to this policy may be made by petition and may be made for students taking the engi neering-business program . Graduation With Honors In recognition of high scholastic and professional attain Honors or Special Honors ( at the discretion of the Engineering Honors and Recognition Committee) will be awarded at graduation. These honors will be recorded on

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the diplomas of the graduates receiving them and In dicated in the commencement program. Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum The faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science requires that 24 semester hours should be con sidered the minimum of social-humanistic content of the degree-granting departments . A minimum of 6 hours of literature is required. Six hours of social-humanistic subjects should be taken in the junior year and 6 in the senior year. These subjects should be taken from the following categories, with not fewer than 6 hours from category 2 below. 1. Literature (including foreign literature either in the original or in translation). 2 . Economics, sociology, political science , history, and anthropology . 3. Fine arts and music (critical or historical) . Up to a maximum of 6 hours of communication skills (e.g . , English composition , technical writing , public speaking, elementary foreign languages) may be sub stituted for 6 hours of the social-humanistic requirement. Alternatively, such courses may be counted as technical electives . Courses in business subjects such as accounting, contracts, and management should be used as technical electives where applicable. (Elective courses are to be coor dinated with the faculty adviser.) Qualified students will be permitted to take appropriate honors courses as substitutes for social-humanistic courses . The Humanities and Literature Program is designed to develop communication and analytical skills which are essential for every professional person . Engineering stu dents may select courses from the three components of the program: 1. Hum. 101, an interdisciplinary, team-taught class, is a core course in the Honors in Humanities Program offered by the Division of Arts and Humanities (see the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Division of Arts and Human ities , section of this bulletin for details). 2. A sequence of seven Great Books courses . This series, chronologically arranged, begins with the Classical Heri tage and ends with Contemporary World Literature. Stu dents may take any of these courses. They need not be taken in order; rather , students should choose those his torical periods of most interest to them . (The sequence is Engl. 251, 252, 253, 254, 256 , 257, 258-see the English course descriptions for details . ) 3. Engl. 120, Introduction to Fiction, and Engl. 130, Introduction to Poetry and Drama, focus on methodology more than the Great Books sequence, dealing with analyses of literary forms and structures. Students should determine the specific requirements of their particular degree programs with respect to humanities and literature . PLANNING AN ENGINEERING PROGRAM It is the responsibtlity of students to be sure they have fulfilled all the requirements, to file the intended date of graduation in the departmental office at the dose of the third year, to flll out a Diploma Card at registration at the College of Engineering and Applied Science I 51 beginning of the last semester , and to keep the depart mental adviser and the resident dean's office informed of any changes in the students' plans throughout the last year. In order to become eligible for one of the bachelor's degrees in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, a student, in addition to being in good standing in the University, must meet the following minimum re quirements : Courses. The satisfactory completion of the prescribed and elective work in any curriculum as determined by the appropriate department. Hours . A minimum of 136 hours, of which the last 30 shall be earned after matriculation and admission as a degree student in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU is required for students in the four-year cur ricula; however, many students may need to present more than the minimum hours because of certain departmental requirements and because they may have enrolled in courses which do not carry full credit toward a degree. The hours required for students in the business and engineer ing program vary by departments ; as a guide, 166 semester hours are considered a minimum , but most students follow programs that bring the total above this figure. Grade Average . A minimum grade-point average of 2.0 (C) for all courses attempted and (separately computed) for all required courses . A department may require a C average or a minimum grade of C in all major courses. Faculty Recommendation. The recommendation of the faculty of the department offering the degree and the recommendation of the faculty of the College of Engineer ing and Applied Science. Incompletes and Co"espondence Courses. It is the stu dent's responsibility to insure that all incompletes and cor respondence courses are officially completed before the tenth week of the student's final semester in school. Simultaneous Confem . ng of Degrees . For business and engineering students, the degree B.S. in business and the degree B .S. in engineering must be conferred at the same commencement. . Commencement Exercises. Commencement exercises are held in May. Students finishing in December and August may attend commencement the following May or receive diplomas by mail. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES In addition to the standard four-year degree programs previously listed , the College is involved in the following programs. Business and Engineering Curricula Undergraduates in the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science with career interests in administration may complete all of the requirements for both a B.S . degree in engineering and a B .S. degree in business by extending their study programs to five years, including one or two summer terms. The 48 semester credits required in the College of Business and Admiqistration may be started in the second, third, or fourth year, depending upon the cur ricular plan for the particular Held of engineering in which

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52 I University of Colorado at Denver the student is enrolled. It is also possible for qualified graduates (GPA: 3.0 or better) to complete the requirements for a master's degree in business within one year after receiving the baccalau reate degree in engineering. Before deciding upon the business option, a student should carefully consider, in consultation with departmental advisers, the relative advantages of the combined B.S. business-engineering curricula , the degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the M.S. degree program in the student's own engineering discipline. B.S. business and B.S. engineering programs are avail able for students in aerospace engineering sciences, ap plied mathematics, architectural engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, elec trical engineering and computer science' engineering physics, and mechanical engineering. Students taking these undergraduate programs are not required to submit formal application for admission to the College of Business. However, before enrolling in any business courses, the student must see an adviser from the College of Business. Requirements for the undergraduate business degree and engineering degree must be completed concurrently. At least a 2 . 0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business . Not fewer than 30 semester credits in business courses must be earned to es tablish residency credit. Courses offered by the College of Business may be used in lieu of electives required for undergraduate engineering degrees, subject to the ap proval of the individual department. The business requirements for this program are as follows: Courses Semester Hours &on. 201 and 202. Principles of&onomics . ..................... 6 (Should be completed during the student's sophomore year or junior year . ) Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting .............. ... . 3 B.Ad. 200 . Business Information and the Computer .......... ..... 3 Q.M . 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing ...... . . . ........... . .......... 3 Fin. 305. Basic Finance ....... ......... ....................... 3 Pr.Mg. 300 . Production and Operations Management ..........•... 3 Or.Mg. to Management and Organtzatton ....... . ..... . . .... ........ ......... ..... . . 3 B.Law 300. Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 410 . Business and Government; or B . Ad . 411. Business and Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy ................. 3 Courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields : accounting, finance , informacion science, international business, marketing, minerals land management , organization management, personnel-human re sources management, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate , small business management, or trans portation and traffic management . All course work in the area of em phasis must be taken i n the University of Colorado College of Business and Administration ....................................... .:..._.!1 Total 48 The student should note that for some courses, and for some areas of emphasis, there are prerequisites which must be met. Since some of the courses may be taken as engi neering electives, it is possible to obtain the two degrees in as few as 166 semester hours; however, most students will require more. Joint Engineering De grees A student may obtain two engineering degrees by meet ing the requirements and obtaining the approval of both departments concerned. Thirty hours of elective or re quired subjects in addition to the largest minimum num ber required by either of the two departments must be completed. Premediclne Option A professional school in a field such as medicine requires a student to have a college education prior to pursuing its professional courses. In practically all cases, medical stu dents are university graduates, although occasionally a stu dent may enter medical school after three years of univer sity training . A student can prepare for medical school either in the College of Lib eral Arts and Sciences or in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The desir ability of obtaining an engineering education prior to undertaking a study of medicine is increasing continually , as medicine itself is evolving. A great deal of additional equipment, most of it electronic, is being developed to as sist the medical practitioner in treatment of patients. Bio engineering, engineering systems analysis, probability, and communication theory are highly applicable to med ical problems. Improved communication techniques also are allowing the storage and retrieval of information not previously available to the medical doctor. An advanced knowledge of basic mathematics and computing tech niques, along with increased understanding of physical chemistry, are improving the scientific base upon which medical knowledge rests. It is therefore desirable that the medical practitioner and researcher in the future be well equipped with the tools w h ich engineering can offer. To provide at least a minimum of the necessary knowl edge, the additional courses listed below are prescribed and must be completed with superior grades . General overall requirements for entry into most medical schools are given. Students can meet these requirements by careful substitution of electives in the engineering curriculum . In some cases where additional hours may be required, in terested students should c o nsult with the engineering department chairman. General chemistry (103-106) ................ 2 sem. (8-10 sem . hss.) Organicchemistry(341, 342,343, 344) ........ 2sem. (8-!0sem. hrs . ) General biology {205-206) ..................... 2sem. (8 sem . hss . ) English composition . . ........................ 1 sem. {3 sem . hrs . ) To prepare for a career in medicine in the College of En gineering and Applied Science, it is strongly recom mended that the student f o llow a full four-year college program (with the equivalent of at least 136 semester hours) and earn a B . S . degree. The Admissions Committee of the University of Colo rado School of Medicine welcomes inquiries and visits from prospective students, particularly at the time of their first interest in medicine as their chosen profession. Students desiring to enter a premedical program should consult the representative of the department involved. At UCD, premedical advising is available through the Health Careers Advisory Committee, Science Bldg., Room 218.

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GRADUATE STUDY IN ENGINEERING The College of Engineering and Applied Science at UCD offers programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the degrees Master of Engineering, Master of Environmental Science, Master of Science or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Education for Employed Professional Engineers Continuing education for employed engineers grows more important each year. Therefore, the College puts great emphasis upon making graduate courses available through night and televised courses. The Master of Engineering degree permits graduate students more flex ibility in defining specialized interdisciplinary fields that meet their professional needs. This degree has standards fully equivalent to those of the Master of Science degree. In addition to credit course work, the College works jointly with the Division of Continuing Education to offer noncredit courses of interest to practicing engineers. Concurrent B.S. and M.S. Degree Program in Engineering Students who plan to continue in the Graduate School after completing the requirements for the B.S. degree may apply for admission to the concurrent degree program through their department early in the second semester of their junior year (after completion of at least 84 semester hours). Requirements are the same as for the two degrees taken separately: 136 credit hours for the B.S. degree and 30 credit hours for the M.S. degree. Social-humanistic re quirements must be completed within the first 136 credit hours. A 3.0 grade-point average for all work attempted through the first six semesters (at least 96 credit hours) and written recommendations from at least two major.field faculty members are required . The purpose of the concurrent degree program is to allow the student who qualifies for graduate study and expects to continue for an advanced degree to plan his grad uate program from the beginning of the senior year rather than from the first year of graduate study. The student can then reach the degree of proficiency required to begin re search at an earlier time, and can make better and fuller use of courses offered in alternate years. Students will be assigned faculty advisers to help them develop the program best suited to their particular in terests. Those in the program will be encouraged to pursue independent study on research problems or in areas of specialization where no formal courses are offered. A lib eral substitution policy will be followed for courses nor mally required in the last year of the undergraduate curric ulum. The program selected must be planned so that the student may qualify for the B.S. degree after completing the credit-hour requirements for the degree if the student so elects, or if the student's grade-point average falls below the 3.0 required to remain in the program . In this case, all hours completed with a passing grade while in the proCollege of Engineering and Applt'ed Science I 53 gram will count toward fulfilling the normal requirements for the B.S. degree. There will be no credit given toward a graduate degree for courses applied to the B .S. degree requirements; however, students are still eligible to apply for admission to the Graduate School under the rules set forth in the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Normally, however, the student will apply for admission to the Graduate School when at least 130 of the 136 credit hours required for the B.S. degree have been completed, and will be awarded the B.S. and M.S. degrees simultaneously upon meeting the requirements set forth for the concur rent degree program. Graduate Work in Business Undergraduates in engineering who intend to pursue graduate study in business may complete some of the busi ness background requirements as electives in their under graduate programs. Seniors in engineering who have such intentions and appear likely to qualify for admission to graduate study in business may be permitted to register for any of the graduate fundamentals courses which are designed to provide qualified students with needed back ground preparation in business. Students should see an adviser from the College of Business for approval. AEROSPACE ENGINEERING SCIENCES The primary objective of the aerospace engineering sciences curriculum is to provide sound general training in subjects fundamental to the practice of and research in this branch of engineering sciences . The major part of the first three years is devoted to the study of mathematics, physics, mechanics, chemistry, and the humanities. The fourth year is devoted to the professional courses in the fields of physics of fluids (fluid dynamics); propulsion and energy conversion; flight dynamics, control, and guidance; space system analysis; materials and structural mechanics; space environment; and bioengineering. The minimum total number of semester hours for the B.S. degree is 136. Students who wish to obtain a B.S. degree in aerospace engineering sciences and B.S. degree in business are advised to consider obtaining the B.S. degree in aerospace and the M.S. degree in business rather than two B.S. degrees . Business courses may not be sub stituted for technical electives in the aerospace curriculum. The complete aerospace engineering sciences program is not available at UCD. Therefore, students wishing to com plete this program should apply to transfer to the Univer sity of Colorado at Boulder at the start of the junior year. Students must complete a minimum of 30 hours including the required freshman and sophomore courses in math ematics and physics at UCD before applying for transfer to the Boulder campus. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Curriculum for B.S. {Aerospace Engineering Sciences) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical fust two years of the program:

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54 I University of Colorado at Denver FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . ................... 4 Great Books (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern . 103. General Chemistry (see note 3) ... . . . ................ 5 .E.E. 130. Problems and Methods of Modern Engineering (or C.E. 130) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Total 17 Spring Semester Math . 241. Analytic Geomerry and Calculus II ........ . ........... 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I. . ................................. 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I. . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Great Books (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ....... . ....................... 2 Social-humanistic elective (see nore 2) ..... ............ ........ .:...:...1. Total 17 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geomerry and Calculus III ................... 4 E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing .......................... 3 C. E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I ............................... 3 Great Books (see note 1) ................. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 233. General Physics II .................................. 4 Phys. 2 34. General Physics Lab. II .................•••.. ........ Total 18 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C .E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. • . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics .................................. 3 Social-humanistic elective (sec: notes 1 and 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved physics elective .................. ................ . .:...:...1. Total 16 Notes for B.S. (Aerospace Engineering) 1. For other options in English and information concerning Social-Hu manistic electives , see the: section describing the Social-Humanistic Con tent of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin . 2 . Students may take: electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. 3. Ch . E . 210 may be: substituted. APPLIED MATHEMATICS Charles I. Sherrill III, Coordinator The Division of Natural and Physical Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers all courses in mathematics, both required and elective, for undergrad uate and graduate students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Three curricula leading to the degree B .S. (A.Math .) are offered. In Option I , the student takes a minor in a specific engineering department, satisfying an adviser from that department. In Option II, the student takes distributed course work in engineering departments, including a solid grounding in mechanics, electronics, and materials . (This option is intended for the above-average student.) Option III is a joint mathematics-computer science program . Regardless of the option chosen, each student is expected to complete a minimum of 45 semester hours of course work in mathematics beginning with Math. 140. Modern industrial and scientific research is so depen dent on advanced mathematical concepts that applied mathematicians are needed today by almost all concerns which are engaged in such research. The undergraduate curriculum is designed to give train ing in mathematics and in engineering and science. The use of numerical methods and electronic computers is in cluded. Nontechnical electives should be broadening and have cultural value. Courses in the humanities and the social sciences are required. Students interested in research should take a foreign language as early as possible. Begin ning language courses are normally considered technical electives but may count toward the social-humanistic elec tives. Some 300and 400-levellanguage courses may be counted. Under all circumstances, a student must plan a complete program and obtain the approval of a depart mental adviser at the beginning of the sophomore year. The B .S. degree in applied mathematics requires the completion of a minimum of 136 credit hours of course work with an average grade of Cor better (a 2.0 grade point average) and a grade of C or better in all math ematics courses. Course work in the social-humanistic elec tive area must be approved by the student's adviser. Curriculum for B.S. (Applied Mathematics) FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geomerry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Chern. 103. General Chemisrry........................ . ...... 5 Great Books (sec: note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing ........................ _ . _3 Total 15 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geomerry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing.................... . . . ....... 2 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 231. General Physics I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I. ............................ . Approved elective (see notes 3 and 5) ...................... .:...:...1. Toea! 17 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math . 242. Analytic Gc:omerry and Calculus III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II ............................ . Approved electives (sec: notes 3 and 5) .........•............... .:..._2 Total 18 Spring Semester Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Math . 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5) .................... .... .:.._!_!_ Total 18 }UNlOR YEAR Fall Semester Math . 431. Advanced Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr . 301. Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved electives (sec: notes 3 and 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... _,_Q Total 18 Spring Semester Math . 481. Introduction to Probability Theory . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Approved electives (sc:e notes 3 and 5) .......... . .............. .:..__!1 Total 18

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SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 17 Spring Seme ste r Approved electives (see notes 3 and 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Requirements under each option are as follows: Option I Semester Hours Specialty in a specific engineering department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-30 Technical electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-22 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-30 Required social -humanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2). . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (Electives should include Math . 432.) Option II Distributed engineering courses in the engineering college . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-30 (A minimal program would consist of the following courses: C .E. 212, C.E. 311, E.E . 213, E .E. 313, E.E. 314 , M . E . 301, M . E . 383 or C . E . 331 or their equivalents . ) Technical electives ........................ .............. 15-22 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-30 Required social-humanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2). . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (Electives should include Math . 432.) Option III Specific courses required under Option Ill : E . E . 257 (C.S . 257) .......................................... 3 E . E . 401 (C . S . 401) .......................................... 3 E.E . 453 (C.S. 453). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 459 (C .S. 459) . . . . . . • . . . . . . • • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 460 ................................................... 3 c.s. 310 .....................•............................ 4 Math . 465 . . ............................................... 3 Math . 466 . ................................................ 3 Technical electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 3 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-30 Required social -h umanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Notes for B.S. {Applied Mathema tics) 1. For other options in English and information concerning social humanistic electives , see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin . 2 . Srudents may take social humanistic electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. 3 . A minimum of 10 approved c ourses in mathematics beyond 140, 241, 242, and 302 is required of all srudents majoring in applied mathematics. 4 . Math. 101, 111, 112, and 113 do not count toward the B .S. (A. Math . ) degree or any other B .S. degree in engineering. 5 . In addition to E . E . 210 , Engr . 101 and Engr . 301, the student must take a minimum of 18 hours of approved elective engineering courses excluding chemistry, mathematics, and physics courses . Furthermore, the student who does not have a strong interest in applications of math ematics to engineering is encouraged to consider a major in mathematics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sci ences . ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING John R. Mays, Coordinator The architectural engineering curriculum is admin istered at the Boulder campus by the Department of Civil, Environmental , and Architectural Engineering of the Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science . Its purpose is to prepare a student for a career in the building industry and for graduate-level research on building-related topics. The building industry is the largest single industry in the United States and includes many diverse skills and fields of knowledge . College of Engineen ' ng and Applied Science I 55 This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer. The architectural engineering curriculum is recom mended for those wishing to specialize (within the build ing industry) in engineering design, construction and con tracting , or sales engineering. The architectural engi neering student may select any of three areas of speciali zation offered: constrUction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering. Specialization in construction is for students planning a career in contracting and building construction. This pro gram involves courses in constrUction management, plan ning and scheduling techniques, cost accounting, estimat ing and pricing, building materials, and construction methods. Students interested in environmental engineering may concentrate their effons in the fields of illumination and electrical systems design, heating-ventilating-air condi tioning systems design, sanitation and water supply, or acoustics. The third area of specialization is for those interested in the design of structural systems for buildings. Courses available are structural analysis; statically indeterminate structures; and steel, concrete, and timber design. The five-year course leading to a B . S . degree in architec tural engineering and a B.S. degree in business offers opponunity to complement the architectural engineering background with study in one of the major areas of busi ness administration, such as personnel and business man agement, marketing, and finance. Approximately one-half of the architectural engineering program is available at UCD under the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering. Students wishing to com plete the architectural engineering program should apply for transfer to the Boulder campus at the stan of the junior year, but at that time must have completed at least 30 se mester hours at UCD. Students should complete there quired freshman and sophomore courses in mathematics and physics at UCD before applying for transfer to the Boulder campus. The complete curriculum and descrip tions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. C urriculum f o r B.S. {Architectur a l Engi neerin g ) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical first two years of the program: FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math . 140 . Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............................... 2 Literarure elective (see note 1) . ................................ 3 E . E . 201. Introduction to Computing (or E .E. 210) ................ 3 C . E . 130 . Introduction to Civil Engineering ...................... 2 Social-humanistic elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .................... 4 Literarure elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch . E . 102. Descriptive Geometry (see note 4) .................. 2 Phys . 231. General Physics I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

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56 I University of Colorado at Denver Phys . 232. General Physics Lab. I .............................. . Ch.E. 210. Chemical and Physical Properties of Mater ials (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 4 Total 18 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math . 242. Analytic Geometsy and Calculus III ................... 4 Phys . 233. General Physics II .................................. 4 Phys. 234 . General Physics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 C. E. 212 . Analytical Mechanics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Specialty requirement : strucrures and construction majors take C.E . 221; environmental majors take Arch . E . 362 (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 15 Spn ' ng Semester Math . 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Arch . E. 240. Building Materials and Construction (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C. E . 312. Mechanics of Materials ..................... .......... 3 C.E. 314. Materials Testing Lab. (not required of environmental majors) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Basic science elective (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Architectural Engineering) 1. Great Books series recommended for literarure elective; see the sec tion describing the Social -Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curric ulum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin . 2. Department approval required . 3. Chern . 103-5 may be substituted for Ch.E . 210-4, in which case the technical elective requirement is reduced by one credit hour. 4 . Arch . E . 102, 240 and 362 are normally not available at UCD. An adviser-approved junior or senior course may be moved ahead. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING David W. Hubly, Coordinator Meeting the crisis in oil and energy, depolluting the water and air , producing new and better materials to re place those that are limited or scarce-these are jobs in which one will ftnd the chemical engineer. Chemical plants (including refineries and gasiftcation plants) convert natural resources into industrial and con sumer products. Among their products are many that often are not identifted with chemical engineering-oils, metals, glass, plastic, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural ftbers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others. The department, located at the Boulder campus, is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also work ing hard on energy problems and is stressing problems of energy conversion in its instructional program. Many essentials of life originate in chemical engineer ing . Recycling of wastes and resources is not a new idea in chemical engineering but a long-standing principle. Since the earth now is perceived as a self-renewing system, in telligent generalization of the recycle theory to the entire cycle of natural resources is a challenge and opportunity for chemical engineers . Cleaning up pollution from chemical plants and from other sources is largely a chemical engi neering problem . The chemical engineer efficiently uses and conserves natural resources to create valuable end pro ducts and to preserve environmental values . Thus, chemical engineering continually changes and progresses. The Depattment of Chemical Engineering at the Boulder campus therefore helps students to prepare to be immediately valuable to industry and eventually to lead future developments in industry and research. Whether they plan to go into industry or on to graduate work, stu dents are urged to watch, understand, and enjoy the sparkle and interplay of new ideas and new technologies . The complete chemical engineering program is not available at UCD. However, for new ftrst-year students, approximately one-half of the program is available . Stu dents wishing to complete this program should apply for transfer to the University of Colorado at Boulder at the start of their junior year. Students must complete a mini mum of 30 semester hours including the required fresh man and sophomore courses in mathematics, physics, and organic chemistry at UCD before applying for transfer to the Boulder campus. Also, students must arrange to take Ch.E. 212 (Chemical Engineering Material and Energy Balances) concurrently in Boulder during the spring semes ter of their sophomore year or it will delay graduation by a year. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Students interested in chem ical engineering but who are unable to consider full-time, day-time study in Boulder should discuss alternative pro grams with the coordinator. Curriculum for B.S. (Chemical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical ftrst two years of the program includes: FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semes ter Semester Hours Math . 140. Analytic Geometsy and Calculus I .................... 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry . . .............................. 5 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............................... 2 Ch.E. 130 . Introduction to Chemical Engineering (see no te 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Total 16 Spn'ng Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ... ................ . 4 Chern. 106. General Chemistry ................................ 5 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E . 210. Fundamentals of Computing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective ............................ _ ..... .:...:.2 Total 18 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242 . Analytic Geometsy and Calculus III ................... 4 Phys . 231. General Physics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern . 341. Organic Chemistsy ......................... . ...... 3 Chern. 343. Organic Chemistsy Lab . I. ................... .... .:...:......! Total 16

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Spring Semester Math . 302 . Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys . 233 . General Physics II .................................. 4 Great Books (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern. 342 . Organic Chemistry ................................ 3 Chern . 344 . Organic Chemistry Lab . Il .......................... 1 Ch . E . 212 . Chemical Engineering Material and Energy Balances (see note 3) .............................. .:...:......! Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Chemical Engineering} 1 . For other English options and information concerning social humanistic ele ctives, see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin. 2 . Or C.E . 130 or E . E . 130 , or elective approved by the coordinator . 3 . Students must arrange to t ake Ch.E . 212 concurrently in Boulder during the spring semester of their sophomore year or it will delay grad uation by a y ear . CIVIL AND URBAN ENGINEERING Manin L. Moody, Chairman Civil engineering is generally the broadest field of engi neering studied in American universities today. Civil engi neering offers an interesting and highly challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipe lines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, in dustry, and land reclamation; in the control of water qual ity through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction industry; and in general in the rapidly expanding problems concerned with man's physical en vironment and the growth of cities. Furthermore, students educated in civil engineering frequently find rewarding employment in other fields: for example, in aerospace structures, electric power generation, city planning, the process industries , industrial engineering, business man agement and law or medicine (after appropriate education in law or medical school) . The breadth of the civil and ur ban engineering undergraduate program provides an excellent educational background for many fields of endeavor. The curriculum is designed to give the student a broad knowledge of the basic engineering sciences of chemistry, mathematics (including differential equations), physics, mechanics (including fluid mechanics and soil mechanics), electrical circuits , and thermodynamics . In addition , it in cludes a minimum of 24 semester hours in social humanistic studies . Specialized training is achieved through certain required courses, followed by more advanced civil engineering elec tives. By proper selection of these electives the senior stu dent who wishes to specialize may emphasize any of the four major areas of civil engineering : structures, water re sources, transportation, or geotechnical engineering. To be awarded the B.S. degree, a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all C.E. courses applied to the degree. A five-year program has been arranged for students who College ofEngineert'ng and Applied Science I 57 wish to pursue a B.S. degree in civil engineering and a B . S . degree in business. A student interested in a premedical option should con sult with an adviser and the department chairman at the earliest possible time in order to make proper plans for an acceptable program . See Premedical Option. Curriculum for B.S. (Civil Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Seme s ter Hours Math. 140 . Analytic Geometry and Calculus I .................... 4 Literature elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E . 201. Introduction to Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 130 . Introduction to Civil Engineering . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 C.E . 221. Plane Surveying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............................. .:...:....1 Total 17 Spn'ng Semester Math . 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . ................... 4 Chern . 103 . General Chemistry (or Ch . E . 210) .................. 4-5 Literature elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 231. General Physics I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys . 232 . General Physics Lab . I ... .......•.................. .:.:.._! Total 16-17 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math . 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ................... 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II .................. : ............... 4 Phys . 234 . General Physics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 212. Analytical Mechanics I ............................... 3 Total 15 Spring Semester Math . 302 . Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Social-humanistic elective ( see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Basic science elective (see note 5) ................ ............. 1-2 C . E . 312 . Mechanics of Materials ..................... . . . . . ..... 3 Technical elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 314 . Materials Testing Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Total 16-17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester C . E . 311. Analytical Mechanics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C .E. 331. Theoretical Fluid Mechanics ............•............. 3 C . E . 350. Structural Analysis ...........................•...... 3 C . E . 380 . Soils and Foundation Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 315 . Water Quality Laboratory . ........................... 2 Social humanistic elective . ..... ............................ .:...:......! Total 17 Spn ng Semester C.E . 332 . Applied Fluid Mechanics ............................. 3 C .E. 360 . Transportation Engineering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 457 . Design of Steel Structures (see qote 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr . 301. Thermodynamics ............................... ... 3 C . E . 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 2 Social humanistic ele ctiv e (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 1 7

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58 I University of Colorado at Denver SENlOR YEAR Fall Semester Geol. 207 . Physical Geology I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C. E . 458. Reinforced Concrete Design (sec note 4) . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Civil engineering elective (sec note 2} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Social-humanistic elective (sec note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E. 460 . Highway Engineering ............................. .:...:....1 Total 18 Spn'ng Semester C . E . 341. Sanitary Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Civil engineering electives (sec note 2} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I ................................... 4 Social-humanistic elective (sec note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Technical elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engineering science elective (sec note 3} ..................... . . .:...:....1 Total 19 Notes for B.S. {Civil Engineering) 1 . Courses from Great Books series recommended for literature elcc tivc; sec the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the En gineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin . 2 . Civil engineering electives shall be chosen to form an integrated program. subject to the approval of the department . 3 . Engineering science electives shall be taken from the list of courses approved by the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering . 4. A C .E. elective may be substituted for either (one only) C . E . 457 or 458. 5. If a 3. 4or 5-crcdit course is used, the excess may be used as either a technical or engineering science elective . COMPUTER SCIENCE Computer science undergraduate and graduate courses are offered by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Mathematics Department of the Col lege of Liberal Arts and Sciences as service courses for other disciplines, as courses in the CLAS distributed studies ma jor, or as part of the curriculum for the degrees B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science, B . A . in mathematics (computer option), B.S. in applied math ematics (computer option), and M.S. in computer science. For further descriptions of these programs, see the infor mation under College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Grad uate School, or the paragraphs on Applied Mathematics and Electrical and Computer Engineering in this section of the bulletin. For information on the B.S. in E .E. and C.S. and on the M.S. in computer science, call the Department of Electri cal and Computer Engineering, 629-2872. ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING William D. Murray, Chairman The professional possibilities in electrical engineering include teaching and research in a university; research and development of new electrical or electronic devices, instru ments, or products; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; de sign or operations in the electrical power industry; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of gov ernment. The electrical engineering course of study at UCD begins with principles of physics, chemistry, and math ematics. An early, intensive training in the theory and laboratory application of electrical circuits, elec tromagnetic and transmission theory, electrical machines and transformers, heat, and mechanics. Many students find an opportunity to put their knowledge to work with jobs in industry or research projects being conducted at the University . Throughout the entire course of study, they re inforce their understanding of the theory in well-equipped laboratories. Students are encouraged to develop interests outside of their electrical engineering specialty, thus providffig them selves with a well-rounded background and a sense of awareness and responsibility for their later role in society. They are urged to attend meetings of their student profes sional society, where practicing engineers from many engi neering specialties speak of their experiences. The areas of specialization that electrical engineering students may enter upon graduation are so numerous it is impossible for the undergraduate training to cover them in detail . Intense specialization may be left to possible addi tional training graduates may receive when they assume positions with industrial firms, or acquired by specializa tion in a research field through graduate work beyond the bachelor's degree . Students who have earned a B average or better in their undergraduate work and who have elected courses in their senior year that strengthen par ticularly their mathematical background may decide to undertake graduate study. The curriculum in electrical en gineering is designed to make it possible for the grad uating senior with high scholarship to finish a master's degree in electrical engineering in about one additional full year of work at any of the nation's major universities. Electrical Engineering Curriculum In the electrical engineering curriculum the student has considerable freedom in the senior electives. The student may select these electives to provide a good foundation in several of the seven electrical engineering areas listed: com munications, digital, electronics, fields, materials, power, and systems. Some of these electives may be courses in other branches of engineering or in other colleges. Those students primarily interested in taking courses in the dig ital computer area may do so in this curriculum or in the joint electrical engineering and computer science degree option discussed below. To be awarded the B.S. degree, a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all E.E. and C.S. courses applied to the degree. Business Option Students wishing to complete a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and a B.S. degree in business should not start the business program until their fourth year, with the ex ception of electing Econ. 201 and 202 for two of their so cial-humanistic electives . Students with a B average may wish to consider obtaining a master ' s degree in business administration . For both of these programs, students should refer to the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.

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Premedical Option A program has been developed which permits the stu dent to satisfy the entrance requirements for medical school, such 'as those of the University of Colorado, while earning a B .S. in electrical engineering . Medical schools typically require that applicants have completed two semesters of general chemistry, two semes ters of organic chemistry, and two semesters of general biology, all with laboratories. A course in English composi tion is recommended. More specific information on medical school require ments may be obtained at the office of the Health Careers Advisory Committee at UCD . Electrical Engineering and Computer Science The joint degree in electrical engineering and computer science is a comprehensive program covering both hard ware and software aspects of computer system design. The program leads to a B .S. (E.E. and C.S . ) and can be a base for further study toward either an M.S. in computer science or an M.S. in electrical engineering. A student need not make a decision to enter this pro gram until the junior year. The details of the program are listed in the section following the electrical engineering curriculum. Academic requirements are the same as those for the B.S. (E.E.). Should students leave the program in favor of returning to the electrical engineering curriculum, they will need to satisfy the departmental requirements of mechanics and E . E . 354, which have been waived in the electrical engineering computer option curriculum. Curriculum for B.S. (Electrical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I .................... 4 Chern. 103 . General Chemistry (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 E.E . 130 . Problems and Methods of Modern Electrical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E . 257. Logic Circuits ...................................... 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) .... ..................... .:...:...l. Total 17 Spring Semester Math . 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ............. .... ... 4 Phys . 231. General Physics I .......................... • ...... . . 4 Phys . 232. General Physics Lab .!. ..................... ........ 1 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ............. .................. 2 E .E. 210. Fundamentals of Computing .......................... 3 Socialhumanistic elective (see note 1) ......................... .:...:...J. Total 17 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math . 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ................... 4 Phys . 233 . General Physics II .................................. 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I ................................... 4 E.E. 253. Circuits Lab . I .............................. . ...... . Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ............... .......... .:...:...l. Total 17 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 59 Spring Semester Math . 302 . Elementary Differential Equations and linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics .................. . . .............. 3 E.E . 214. Circuit Analysis II .... ............. . . . ....... . ....... 4 E .E. 254 . Circuits Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note 4) ....... ..... . . ......................... .:...:..._1 Total 17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E . 313. Electromagnetic Fields I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E .E. 321. Electronics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 361. Electronics Lab. I ............... . . . ......•.......... 2 C .E. 313 . Applied Mechanics (see note 3) .............. .......... 3 E . E . 381. Introduction to Probability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note I) ........................ . .:...:...l. Total 17 Spn'ng Semester E.E. 314 . Electromagnetic Fields II .........•.... ... • ........... 3 E . E . 316 . Energy Conversion I ................................. 3 E.E. 322. Electronics II ............•.......................... 3 E.E. 331. Linear System Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E .E. 362 . Electronics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1). . ................... .:...:...l. Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E . 354. Power Lab. I ............................•.......... 2 Electives (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . ................ . ..... . .:...:...l. Total 17 Spn' ng Semester Electives (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) ......................... .:...:...l. Total 17 Notes for B.S. {Electrical Engineering) Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin. In addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete sophomore level courses before taking junior level courses and should have completed their junior level E.E . courses before starting their 400-level electives. 1. Of the 24 hours of required social-humanistic electives, a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one social humanistic elective course. See the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Ap plied Science introductory section of this bulletin . 2 . Or Ch . E . 210. 3 . The mechanics requirement may be satisfied by the 3-hour course, C.E. 313, or the 6-hour sequence of C.E . 212 and C . E . 311. Students who first take E .E. 313 may, with permission, take only C.E. 311. 4. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which he/she is most likely to concentrate after graduation. Usu ally these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300, 400, or 500 levels . In all cases the student needs the approval of the undergraduate adviser . Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas : communications (C), digital (D), electron ics (E) , fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S). Seniors are free to elect courses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a min imum breadth of studies, every student's program must include 9 semes ter hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three areas and a minimum of three laboratory courses in three areas. These distribution requirements could be met through Independent Study, E.E . 940 (1-3)

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60 I University of Colorado at Denver or E.E. 950 (1-3), only if the subject matter studied is actually in the ap propriate area. Independent study may be used only once to satisfy patt of the distribution requirements . A 3 -hour upper division course in physics must be: included among the: technical electives. The: student who has good grades and is interested in graduate: work should take additional mathematics . Some preliminary consulting with a department graduate: adviser is desirable. Curriculum for B.S. In Electrical Engineering and Computer Science The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I .................... 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry (see note: 2) . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 E. E . 130 . Problems and Methods of Modern Elc:cuical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E.E. 25 7 . Logic Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note: 1) . . ...................... .:..:._l Total 17 Spn" ng Semester Math . 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II .................... 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I ......................... .......... 4 Phys . 232 . General Physics Lab . I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 1 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............. .................. 2 E.E. 210 . Fundamentals of Computing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note: 1) ........................ .:..:...1 Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus lll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233 . General Physics II .................................. 4 Phys . 234 . General Physics Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 1 E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I .................... ...........•... 4 E.E. 253 . Circuits Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note: 1) ...... .................. .:..:._l Total 17 Spring Semester Math . 302 . Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II ................ ................... 4 E.E. 254. Circuits Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics ...............•............. ..... 3 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note: 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note: 3) ... . ..... ........................ . ..... .:...;._2 Total 17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester E.E. 313 . Elc:cuomagnc:tic Fields I ............•......•.... . ..... 3 E.E . 321. Electronics I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 361. Electronics Lab . I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E . 381. Introduction to Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E . 35l.Introduttion to Computer Engineering . ................. 3 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note: 1) ... . . ................... .:..:._l Total 17 Spnng Semester E .E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I .......... . . . .................... 3 E.E . 322 . Electronics II ................ ....................... 3 E. E. 331. Linear System Theory . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E .E. 362. Electronics Laboratory II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note: 1) ...................... . __ 3 Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E . 453. Assembly Language: Programming ........ . .......... . . 3 E.E. 459. Computer Organization ................ .............. 3 Math . 465. Numerical Analysis (see note: 4) ...................... 3 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note: 3) ................................•...... .:..:..1 Total 17 Spn ng Semester E . E . 460. Computer Lab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . 2 E . E . 401. Programming Languages . ............................ 3 Social-humanistic elective: (sec: note 1) .......................... 3 Elc:ctives (see note: 3) ................................... •... .:...:.....2 Total 17 Notes for B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Students s hould refer to the section on Academic Policies of the Col lege of Engineering and Applied Science in this bulletin . In planning their programs, students should consider prerequisite and corequisite re quirements of courses and should plan to complete courses at the: junior level before taking senior electives. 1 . Of the 24 hours of social-humanistic electives a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sci ences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one social-humanis tic elective course . See the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engi neering Curriculum in the: College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin . 2. Or Ch . E . 210. 3. The purpose of these electives is to allow the student to develop some breadth in electrical engineering as well as to develop some depth in areas in which he/she is most l ikely to concentrate after graduation . Usu ally these courses will be taken in electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics at the 300 , 400, or 500 levels . In all cases the student needs the approval of the undergraduate: adviser. Electrical engineering courses at the 400 and 500 levels are separated into the following seven areas: communication (C), digital (D), electron ics (E), fields (F), materials (M), power (P), and systems (S) . Seniors are free: to elect c ourses from any of these areas, but in order to insure a min imum breadth of studies , every student's program must include at least 9 semester hours of electrical engineering theory courses in at least three: areas and a minimum of three: laboratory courses in three: areas. These dis tribution requirements could be met through E . E . 400 (1 to 3), and E.E . 500 (1 to 3), shown in each area , only if the subject matter studied is ac tually i n the appropriate area . E .E. 400 (1 to 3), and E.E . 500 (1 to 3) may be: used only once: to satisfy pau of the distribution requirements . A 3-hour upper division course in physics must be included among the electives. E.E./C.S. majors are advised to take E.E. 551 or E.E . 559 to obtain ad ditional depth in computers. A course in abstract mathematics (Math. 300) or finite mathematics (Math. 413) is recommended as an additional elective . The: student who has good grades and is interested in graduate work should take additional mathematics . Some preliminary consulting with a depaumc:ntal graduate: adviser is desirable . 4. E . E . 455, Computer Techniques in Engineering , may be substi tuted. ENGINEERING DESIGN AND ECONOMIC EVALUATION In the fall of 1978, the Engineering Design and Eco nomic Evaluation program was merged with the Depart ment of Mechanical Engineering . The degree will not be offered to new students. However, courses in design and economic evaluation have been retained and are admin i stered through the Department of Mechanical Engineering.

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ENGINEERING PHYSICS William R . Simmons, Coordinator The engineering physics curriculum gives students a thorough foundation in the physical principles underlying most of engineering. The large number of engineering electives which may be incorporated in the curriculum makes it possible for students to prepare themselves for professional work or graduate school in a wide variety of fields . Because the program is particularly flexible, the stu dent should be aware that proper preparation for his/her professional field will require careful selection of engineer ing electives . The student is urged to prepare, in consulta tion with the departmental coordinator, a coherent plan of courses to meet his/her professional objectives. During the freshman and sophomore years, the student must attain a thorough training in mathematics and a grounding in fundamental methods and principles of the physical sciences . During the junior and senior years the work in physics is amplified to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the various branches of physics such as nuclear physics, atomic physics, electronics, thermodynamics, mechanics, electric ity, and magnetism. Individual initiative and resource fulness are stressed. For purposes of federal Civil Service re quirements this degree is an engineering degree from an accredited College of Engineering. Students who plan to become registered professional engineers should check the requirements for registration in their state before choosing their engineering electives . It is recommended that students preparing for Graduate School also prepare for its foreign language requirement as part of their undergraduate curriculum . At present, the Bachelor of Science degree in engineer ing physics is awarded on the Boulder campus only; there fore, in order to earn a bachelor's degree in engineering physics from the Department of Physics a student must, in addition to any other requirements , successfully complete 30 semester hours of courses on the Boulder campus , in cluding 12 semester hours in upper division physics courses. Applied Physics Option It is also possible to earn the degree Bachelor of Science (Engineering Physics) with an applied physics option . This option differs from the regular engineering physics degree primarily in that fewer advanced theoretical physics courses are required and in their place a selection of applied science courses is required. This option should not be selected by students intending to pursue graduate study in physics, but it is appropriate for students intending to pur sue graduate work or employment in related fields such as geophysics, environmental science, oceanography, nuclear engineering , medicine , and law . S t udents intend i ng to pursue this option should consult the coordinator by the beginning of their junior year regarding the electives which they wish to propose . The 24 hours of electives in pure or applied natural science must be approved by the engineering physics advising committee, which is located on the Boulder campus . The committee will consider the proposed courses relative to the student ' s stated educa tional and/ or professional objectives. At least 30 semester College of Engineering and Applied Science I 61 hours of credit must be earned after the student's proposed program is approved. Curriculum for B.S. (Engineering Physics) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives. A typical program is: FREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math . 140 . Analytic Geometty and Calculus I .................... 4 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............................... 2 Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Phys. 111. General Physics (see note 8) . ....................... Total 16 Spring Semester Math . 241. Analytic Geometty and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 3 Phys. 112. General Physics (see note 8) .. ......... . .............. 4 Phys . 114 . Experimental Physics (see note 8) ..................... . C.S . 210 . Fundamentals of Computing . ....................... . . Elective (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ .:...:...,l Total 17 SoPHMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math . 242 . Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill ................... 4 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 213 . General Physics (see note 8) .......................... 3 Phys . 215 . Experimental Physics (see note 8) ...................... 1 Electives (see note 2) . . . .................................... .:...:..._Q Total 17 Spn'ng Semester Math . 302 . Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Chern . 202 . General Chemisuy (see note 3) ...................... 4 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 214 . Inuoductory Modern Physics (see note 8) ............... 3 El. ectives (see note 2) ........ ........... . ................... Total 18 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester Upper division mathematics elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 317 . Junior Lab. (see note 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Phys . 321. Classical Mechanics and Relativity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys . 331. Principles ofElecuicity and Magnetism ................. 3 Elective ( see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . ...................... .:..:...i Total 18 Spnng Semester Ph y s . 318.JuniorLab ......... . ..................... . ........ 2 Ph y s . 381. Quantum Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 332 . Principles ofElecuicity and Magnetism . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 3 Ph ys. 341. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern . 453 . Physical Chemistty (see note 4) ................. . .... 3 Chern . 454 . Physical Chemistty Lab . (see note 4 ) ............•... .:...:...,l Total 16 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E . 403 . Elecuonics (see note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E . 443 . Elecrronics Lab . (see note 6) ........................... 1 Phys. 491. Atomic and Nuclear Physics . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 495 . Senior Lab ................................. . . . .... 2 Electives (see note 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Soci al-humanistic elective (see note 1) ........................ ..:..:..J Total 1 7

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62 I University of Colorado at Denver Spring S e mester Phys. 492 . Atomic and Nuclear Physics ..............•........... 3 Phys . 496 . Senior Lab . (see notes 5 and 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Electives (see note 2 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Social-humanistic electives (see note 1) ........................ .:...:...2. Total 17 Curriculum for B.S. (E.Physics) Applled Physics Option The first five semesters are identical to the regular engi neering physics curriculum listed above. The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. Approved ROTC courses may be substituted for a maximum of 6 hours of electives . JUNIOR YEAR Spn ' ng Semester Semester Hours Phys . 381. Quantum Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Upper division thermodynamics ele c tive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note 7 ) . ..................... . ............... . .:...:..i Total 16 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E.E . 403 . Elements of Electronics (see note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E .E. 443 . Elements of Electronics Laboratory (see note 6) ............ 1 Social humanistic ele ctive (see note 1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elec tives (see note 7) ...................................•... Total 1 7 Spring Semest e r Soci al humanis ti c elective ( see note 1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note 7) ....................................... .:..Ji Total 17 Notes for B.S. (Engineering Physics) 1 . A total of 24 hours of social-humanistic electives is required. These must include 6 hours of literature and 6 hours selected from economics , sociology , political science , history , and anthropology . The other 12 hours must be sele c ted from the above subjects and/ or fine arrs and music (crit i cal or his t orical only), philosophy , and psychology . (However , up to 6 hours of the 12 may include courses from English composition , technical writing , publi c speaking , and a foreign language .) 2 . Required and elective engineering courses (excluding mathema tics and physics ) must total 22 semester hours . 3 . Chern . 202 is offered only at the Boulder campus. UCD students may subst i tute Chern . 103 and 106 for Chern . 202. 4 . Chern . 453 and 454 ate offered only at the Boulder c ampus . One seme s ter of any upper division chemistry course with associ ated laboratory may be substituted for physical chemistry. 5. Or Phys. 455 , or approved 3-hour physics elect ive. 6 . E . E . 403 and 453 ate offered only at the Boulder campus . UCD stu dents may substitute E . E . 321 and 361. 7. The elective courses ate divided into three exclus ive groups : ( 1 ) Physics electives . These must be five hours from among Phys . 318 , 341, 361, 365, 366 , 367 , 446, 451 , 455 , 461 , 462 , 491, 4 9 2 . 495, 496, 500 , 501, 503, 504, and 580-Boulder campus course numbers . (2) Applied natural science electives (24 semester hours, minimum). These must in clude 4 hours of upper division laboratory courses and s ufficient engi neering courses so that the total of engineering courses (excluding math ematics and physics) is at least 22 semester hours . (3) Other course s. 8 . See the E . Phys. coordinator . MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Ralph C . Koeller, Associate Chairman The mechanical engineering curriculum begins with a strong emphasis on mathematics, physics, and chemistry . It continues with a concentration in engineering sciences such as solid and fluid mechanics; thermodynamics, heat and mass transpon; materials; and systems analysis and control. It concludes with laboratory and design courses which demonstrate the ways in which scientillc knowledge is applied in the design and development of useful devices and processes . The mechanical engineering program may be roughly subdivided into two-year groupings. In the first two years, the program emphasizes the fundamentals of those engi neering sciences that are essential for an understanding of most branches of professional engineering . Because broad and varied demands are imposed on the mechanical engineer, the depanment provides two plans-A and B-for the curriculum leading to the degree Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering . The plans are designed to accommodate the professional objectives of the in dividual student. Plan A specilles a typical mechanical engineering curric ulum and is intended for those students who wish to ob tain a broad, general education in mechanical engineering without an emphasis on any of the specillc professional aspects. Plan B is designed for students who know what they in tend to do upon graduation. It allows the student to pur sue any course plan that meets a valid professional objec tive and has been approved by the undergraduate adviser. Under Plan B, the specillc requirements of the program are determined after a detailed conference with the ad viser. In the course of this conference , the professional ob jectives of the individual student are studied in detail , and a specillc plan (with a minimum of 136 credit hours) is de signed to meet these objectives . W i th liberal use of courses throughout the Univers i ty , the following may be con sidered typical among the professional concentrations which can be achieved: Thermodynamics Heat transfer Fluid mechanics Soli d mechan ics Electromechanical systems Design Power Dynamics and c ontrols Materials sci en c e Thermomechanical systems All of the required courses for mechanical engineering are offered at UCD. Curriculum for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 136. A typical program is: fREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semest e r Hours Great Books (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M . E . 130. Introduction to Mechan i cal Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Math . 140 . Analytic Geometry and Calculus I .................... 4 E . E . 210 . Fundamental s of Com p uting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 3 Chern . 103. General Chemistr y (see note 2) ................... .:...:...1. Total 17

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Spring Semester Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 231. General Phy5ics I ............................•...... 4 Phys . 232. General Physic.., Lab. I. .............................. 1 Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr . 101. Engineering Drawing ............................... 2 Social-humanistic elective ................................... .:...:.._l Total 17 SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester M.E. 281. Mechanicsi(seenote 3) ...... . . . .•.......... . ........ 3 Great Books (see note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys . 233. General Physics II .................... .............. 4 Phys. 234 . General Physics Lab . II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ................. Total 15 Spn 'ng Semester M . E. 282. Mechanics II (see note 3) ............................. 3 Approved physics elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Math. 302 . Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 16 jUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester M.E . 312 . Thermodynamics II ................................. 3 M . E . 314. Measurements I ............... . .................... 2 M . E. 362. Heat Transfer . ..................................... 3 M . E. 3 71. Systems Analysis I (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M . E. 383. Mechanics III ...................................... 3 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . ....••.............•... .:...:...1. Total 17 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 63 Spring Semester M . E. 301 . Introduction to Materials Science I . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M . E . 316. Measurements II ................................... 2 M.E . 372 . Systems Analysis II (see note 4) ................. ... . ... 3 M . E . 384 . Mechanics IV ........ .............................. 3 M . E. 385. Mechanics V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Technical electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Total 18 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester M.E. 442. Mechanical Engineering Lab ........ . ............ . . ... 3 M . E . 414. Mechanical Engineering Design ....................... 3 M.E. 401. Introduction to Materials Science II .................... 3 Technical electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 6 Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 18 Spring Semester Social-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Technical electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering) 1 . For other English options and information concerning social humanistic electives, see the section describing the Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin. 2 . Or Ch. E . 210. 3 . M . E . 281 and M . E . 282 are offered only on the Boulder campus. UCD students may substitute C.E. 212 and C.E. 311 for M . E . 281 and M . E . 282 . 4 . M.E. 371 and M.E. 372 are offered only on the Boulder campus. UCD students may substitute E . E . 213 and E . E . 413 for M . E . 371 and M.E. 372 .

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Graduate School Bruce W. Bergland, Acting Associate Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL The Graduate School is a University-wide body which authorizes programs within its constituent colleges and schools . At UCD, Business and Administration (except the M.B. A. Executive program) , Education , Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music are colleges or schools whose graduate programs are offered through the Graduate School. In concept, there is a single Graduate School regardless of campus. In practice, most master's-level programs are specific to the campus where the student is admitted, insofar as particular options and advisers are concerned. Doctoral-level programs in a discipline are viewed as the responsibility of the entire University community of that discipline. At the present time all Ph.D. programs are co ordinated through the corresponding Boulder depart ment. However, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver and the research adviser may be a member of the UCD faculty . Some departments in which this is the case are commu nication and theatre, electrical engineering, and civil engi neering. In other disciplines , a significant portion of the course work required for the Ph.D. degree may be taken at UCD . Persons interested in pursuing doctoral-level work should consult with the appropriate discipline graduate adviser . Anyone wishing further information not given in this bulletin should contact the Associate Dean of the Grad uate School, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver, Colorado 80202. Degrees Offered The following graduate programs are authorized for completion through the Graduate School at UCD . In some cases, a specific required course may only be offered through the University of Colorado at Boulder in a given year. The Master of Arts (M.A.) in: Anthropology Biology Communication and theatre Economics English Geography History Mathematics Political science Psychology Sociology I The Master of Education (M. Ed . ) and the Master of Arts (M.A.) in : Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations , education Guidance and Counseling Initial Ce . rtification Program (certification only or cenification and M . A . in elementary or second ary educa ti on) Library media Reading &condary education Spe c ial educ ation The Master of Science (M.S . ) in : Accounting Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Computer science Eleetrical Environmental science Finance Management and organization Management science Marketing Mechanical engineering The Master of Basic Science (M. B . S.) The Master of Engineering (M . E.) The Master of Humanities (M. H . ) The Master of Social Science (M.S. S.) Significant course work can be taken at the Denver cam pus in the following master's degree programs: Education -administration and supervision Fine arrs Geology Philosophy The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D . ) in : Biology Communication and theatre English Significant course work is available at the Denver cam pus in the programs listed below . Students can be resident on the Denver campus studying in these areas in order to take advantage of the multi-campus activities of the Grad uate School. It is usually advised that a student complete some course work at another campus of the University . Chemistry Civil engineering Electrical engineering Geography Psycholog y Facilities for Graduate Study and Research at UCD Facilities for research in many fields are available at UCD as well as specialized institutes, seminars, and meet ings of national standing.

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The Graduate Student at UCD Approximately 1,950 students are enrolled in graduate programs at UCD each fall and spring semester, and an ad ditional 1,875 special students take graduate courses . Of these , approximately 45 percent are part-time students. Faculty The faculty operating in these programs is mainly housed at UCD, although resources of other University of Colorado campuses are used . Financial Aid for Graduate Study SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS The University of Colorado administers various forms of financial aid for graduate students: fellowships, scholar ships, and a number of awards from outside agencies . The Graduate School each year awards to qualified regular degree graduate students approximately 50 Colo rado Doctoral Fellowships paying up to $3,500 plus tui tion. Special fellowships and scholarships are also available for study in certain departments. Colorado Graduate Grants are also available to students who can show demonstrated need. For details contact the Graduate School office. Applications for fellowships, scholarships, and grants are due in the department before the announced depart ment deadline. Fellowship awards are announced about March 15; Colorado Graduate Grant awards are an nounced each semester for the following semester. GRADUATE STUDENT TEACHING APPOINTMENTS Many departments employ graduate students as part time instructors or teaching assistants . The instructorship is reserved for those advanced graduate students already pos sessing an appropriate M.A. degree who may be indepen dently responsible for the conduct of a section or course. Payment for these teaching appointments in 1981-82 was: one-half time instructor, $6,976 for the academic year; one-half time teaching assistant, $5,580 for the academic year. A half-time appointment for an instructor is considered to be equal to 6 class contact hours; a half-time teaching assistant is appointed for 20 hours per week . Compensa tion is based on the number of appointment hours per week . Nonresident students employed as assistants may or may not be eligible for the nonresident tuition differential stipend for their first-year appointment as an assistant only . Exceptions extending beyond the first year must be approved in advance by the respective dean . Teaching assistants and instructors must be enrolled students in good standing for the full period of their appointment. RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS Research activities provide opportUnities for graduate students to obtain part-time work as research assistants in many departments . General fund research assistantships are subject to the one-year rule on eligibility for waiver of the nonresident tuition differential. Nonresident students who are appointed as research assistants in nongeneral Graduate School I 65 fund accounts may or may not be eligible for resident tui tion rates. Assistants must be enrolled students. LOAN FUNDS Graduate students wishing to apply for long-term loans through the National Direct Student Loan Program and for part-time jobs through the college work-study program should submit an Application for Financial Aid to the Of fice of Financial Aid by March 1 . This office also provides short-term loan assistance to students who have completed one or more semesters in residence . Short-term loans are designed to supplement inadequate personal funds and to provide for emergencies. Applicants should go directly to the Office of Financial Aid. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES The University maintains an employment service in the Office of Financial Aid to help students obtain part-time work either through conventional employment or through the college work-study program. Students employed by the University are hired solely on the basis of merit and fitness, a policy which avoids favor or discrimination because of race, color, creed, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. Students are also referred to prospective employers in accordance with this policy. INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION The Office of International Education expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships. The office also arranges study abroad programs . Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign universities. A B average with the equivalent of two years of college-level work in the appropriate language is required. There are also occasional summer programs offering academic credit. Peace Corps information may be obtained from t he Of fice of International Education. For additional information contact the Office of Inter national Education, Boulder Campus, 492-7741. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION General Requirements Students may be admitted to the Graduate School in either of the two categories described below . Admission to the Graduate School is not admission to candidacy for an advanced degree . A student who wishes to become a candidate for a degree must make special ap plication at the time and in the manner prescribed by the requirements for the degree sought. A student who is granted admission must reflect in a moral and ethical sense a personal background acceptable to the University. The University reserves the right to deny admission to applicants whose total credentials reflect an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University and relevant to any of its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educa tional institution.

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66 I University of Colorado at Denver REGULAR DEGREE STUDENTS Qualified students are admitted to regular degree status by the appropriate department. In addition to departmen tal approval, an applicant for admission as a regular degree student must: 1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or univer sity of recognized standing, or have done work equivalent to that required for such a degree and equivalent to the degree given at this University. 2. Show promise of ability to pursue advanced study and research, as judged by his or her previous scholastic record. 3. Have had adequate preparation to enter upon grad uate study in the field chosen. 4. Have at least a 2. 75 undergraduate grade-point average on all work taken. 5. Meet additional requirements for admission as estab lished by major departments. Regular degree students must maintain at least a 3 . 0 grade-point average each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether it is to be applied toward the ad vanced degree intended or not. Students who fail to main tain this standard of performance will be subject to suspen sion from the Graduate School. Pass/Fail Grades. In order to permit a meaningful eval uation of an applicant's scholastic record, not more than 10 percent of those credit hours that are relevant to the in tended field of graduate study shall have been earned with pass/fail grades, nor more than 20 percent overall. Ap plicants whose academic record contains a larger percent age of pass/fail credits must submit suitable additional evidence that they possess the required scholastic ability. If the applicant does not submit satisfactory additional evi dence, he or she can be admined only as a provisional stu dent. PROVISIONAL DEGREE STUDENTS Applicants who do not meet the requirements for ad mission as regular degree students may be admined as pro visional degree students upon the recommendation of the major department. With the concurrence of the dean of the Graduate School, a department may admit provisional students for a probationary term, which may not normally exceed one academic year. At the end of the probationary period, provisional degree students must either be admit ted to regular degree status or be dropped from the grad uate program. Credit earned by persons in provisional degree status may count toward a degree at this University. Provisional degree students are required to maintain a 3.0 grade-point average or higher, as may be required by the terms of their provisional admission, each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether or not it is to be applied toward the advanced degree sought. If students fail to maintain such a standard of performance, they will be subject to suspension from the Graduate School. Note: All provisional applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination and submit scores as part of the application. Application Procedures Graduate students who expect to study at UCD should contact the UCD Graduate School office concerning pro cedures for forwarding completed applications . An applicant for admission must present a completed Application Form (Parts I and II), which may be obtained from the UCD Graduate School office, and rwo official transcripts from each university attended. The application must be accompanied by a nonrefundable application pro cessing fee of $20 (check or money order) when the ap plication is submined. No application will be processed unless this fee is paid. Many departments require scores from the Graduate Record Examination, and most depart ments require three or four letters of recommendation. When a prospective degree student applies for admis sion, the chairman of each department or a committee named for the purpose shall decide whether the applicant shall be admitted and shall make that decision known to the Office of Admissions and Records, which will inform the student. Persons not wishing to work toward an ad vanced degree are referred to as special students (below). A completed application must be in the office of the major department at least 60 days prior to the term for which admission is sought or earlier as may be required by the major department. Students who wish to apply for a graduate student award for the academic year 1982-83, e.g., fellowsfiip, scholarship, assistantship, etc ., must file a completed ap plication with the department before the announced de partmental deadline (see previous section on financial aid). Foreign students should have completed applications on file in the Graduate School office prior to March 15 for summer and fall and August 1 for the spring semester. All credentials presented for admission to the University of Colorado become the propeny of the University . SENIORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO A senior in this University who has satisfied the under graduate residence requirements and who needs not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet his/her requirements for a bachelor's degree, may be admitted to the Graduate School by special permission of the dean. GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS At the option of any department, the Graduate Record Examination may be required of applicants for assistant ships, or of any student before his or her status is deter mined. Students who are applying for the fall of 1983 take the GRE no later than the December testing date so that their scores will be available to the graduate awards selection committee. Four to six weeks should be allowed for GRE scores to be received by an institution . Information regarding these examinations may be ob tained from the Graduate School office or the UCD Test ing Office, or from the Educational Testing Service, Box 1502, Berkeley , California 94701, or Box 955, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.

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READMISSION OF FORMER AND SUSPENDED STUDENTS Students who were previously admitted to a graduate degree program but who did not complete that degree and who have not been continuously registered at the Univer sity must: 1. Clarify their status with the department to determine their eligibility to return and pursue the same degree . 2. After receiving departmental approval , as indicated above, submit a former student application to the Office of Admissions before deadlines are passed for the term in which they expect to return to the University . Application deadlines are available from the department . In some instances, students who have left the degree program to which they were formerly admitted must sub mit a new graduate application form and be reconsidered for admission by the department concerned . Former students who wish to change from undergrad uate to graduate status or from one major to another must complete the appropriate forms at the time they apply for readmission. Students transferring from one campus to another must apply and be accepted to the new campus . A student admitted to the Graduate School for the master's program must reapply for admission for the doc toral program. A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student ' s major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the depart ment and the dean or in case of appeal by the student , the ftnal decision will be made by the Executive Committee . SPECIAL STUDENTS A student not wishing to earn an advanced degree from the University of Colorado should apply to the Office of Admissions and Records, UCD , 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, Colorado 80202, or to the Office of the Associate Dean of the Graduate School. Special students will be al lowed to register only on the campus to which they have been admitted. Special students desiring to pursue a graduate degree program at this University are encouraged to submit the complete graduate application and supporting credentials as soon as possible . A department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of as much as 8 hours of credit toward the requirements of a master's degree for courses taken either as a student at another recognized graduate school, as a special stude"nt at the University, or both . In addition, the department may recommend to the graduate dean the ac ceptance of credit for courses taken as a special student at this University during the term for which the student ap plied for admission to the Graduate School, provided such admission date was delayed through no fault of the stu dent. A grade of B or better must be obtained in any course work transferred in this manner. Graduate S choo l I 67 REGISTRATION Course Work and Examinations On the regular registration days of each semester , stu dents who have been admitted to the Graduate School and who expect to study in the Graduate School are required to complete appropriate registration procedures . Students should register for classes the semester they are accepted into Graduate School. If unable to attend that se mester they must notify the department which has ac cepted them and submit the necessary forms t o the Office of Admissions and Records at UCD in order to attend the following semester . Changes in Registration A student who wishes to drop a course or take it for no credit should follow the drop/add standard procedure (see current Schedule of Courses). Note that after the tenth week of classes a graduate student may not drop , add , or change a course to no credit without present i ng a l etter to the associate dean of the Graduate School , UCD A dmin istration Building, Room 706 , stating the exceptional cir cumstances which justify the change . This let t er , endorsed by the instructor of the course, must accompan y the prop erly signed and completed drop/add card or no-credit op tion form . Master's Thesis or Report Graduate students working toward master ' s degrees, if they expect to present a thesis or M . Ed . report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree , must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours , or for M .Ed. report for 2 se mester hours . The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, bu t the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report . The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed . If the thesis or report i s not completed at the end of the term in which the student is s o registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported . (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis c redit on which an IP grade has been submitted . ) Limitation of Registration FULL LOAD A graduate student will be considered t o be c arrying a full load during a regular semester for purposes of deter mining residence credit if the student is registered for not fewer than 5 semester hours in work numbered 500 or above , or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis. A full load for purposes of determ i ning resi dence credit during the summer term is 3 semester hours o f work in courses numbered 500 or above , or 6 semester hours of other graduate work, or thesis . For the number of hours required for financ ial aid see Financial Aid at the University of Colorado at Denver in the General Information section of this bulletin .

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68 I University of Colorado at Denver MAXIMUM LOAD No graduate student may receive graduate credit toward a degree for more than 15 hours in a regular semester . The maximum number of graduate credits that may be applied toward a degree during a summer term at UCD is 10 hours per 10-week summer term. TUITION AND FEES The schedule of tuition and fees is given in the General Information section of this bulletin. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED DEGREES Quality of Graduate Work Although the work for advanced degrees is specified partly in terms of credit hours , an advanced degree wzll not be conferred merely for the completion of a specified period of residence and the passing of a given number of courses. Students should not expect to get from formal courses all the training, knowledge, and grasp of ideas necessary to meet the requirements for an advanced degree . They should work on their own initiative, reading widely and thoughtfully, reaching their own conclusions, and acquiring a sense of values, perspective, and propor uon . All studies offered for credit toward an advanced degree (except those in deficiencies) must be of graduate status. A student is expected to maintain at least a B average in all work attempted in Graduate School. For the Ph . D . , a course mark below B is unsatisfactory and will not be counted toward fulfilling the minimum re quirements for the degree. A student who fails to do satisfactory work will be sub ject to suspension from the Graduate School by the dean with the approval of the major department. Appeal may be made to the Executive Committee of the Graduate School. The committee's decision shall be final . A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year . Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student's major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the depart ment and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee. Grading System The standing of a student in work intended for an ad vanced degree is to be indicated by the marks A , B, and C. A Supen or , 4 credit points for each credit hour. B Good, 3 credit points for each credit hour . C -Fair, 2 credit points for each credit hour . Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D , may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. Marks below Bare not accepted for the doctoral degree. An IF or an IW grade may be given for incomplete work at the discretion o f the instructor . For details , refer to the of the uniform grading system . The grade of IP (in progress) will be given for continuing thesis work and will be valid until the thesis is completed. A graduate student may repeat once a course for which he or she obtained a grade of C, D , or F upon written recommendation to the dean by the chairman of the ad visory committee and the chairman of the department, provided the course has not previously applied toward a degree . Graduate students may register for undergraduate courses on a pass/fail basis; however, graduate credit will not be awarded, and such courses c annot be applied toward a graduate degree . Use of English A student who is noticeably deficient in the use and spelling of the English language may not obtain an ad vanced degree from the University of Colorado . The satis faction of this requirement depends no t so much upon the ability to pass formal tests, although these may be de manded, as it does upon the habitual use of good English in all oral and written work. Ability to use the language with precision and distinction should be cultivated as an attainment of major importance. Each department will judge the qualifications of its ad vanced students in the use of English . Reports, examina tions , and speech will be considered in estimating the can didate's proficiency . MASTER'S DEGREE A student regularly admitted to the Graduate School and later accepted as a candidate for the degree Master of Arts, Master of Science, or other master ' s degree will be recommended for the degree only afte r the following re quirements have been me t. In general, only graduates of an approved institution who have a thorough preparation for their proposed field of study and who do graduate work of high quality are able to attain the degree with the minimum amount of work specified below . All studies offered toward the minimum requirement for the degree mus t be of graduate rank . Necessary additional work required to make up deficien cies or prerequisites may be partly or entirely undergrad uate courses . The requirements stated below are minimum require ments; addit i onal cond i tions set by the department will be found in the announcements of separate departments. Any department may make further regulations not incon sistent with the general tu les. Minimum Requirement The minimum requirement of graduate work for the degree Master of Arts or Master of Science may l?e fulfilled by following either Plan I or Plan II below . Plan I : By presenting 24 semester hours of graduate work , including a thesis. At least 12 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above. Plan II: By presenting 3 0 semester hours of graduate work , without a thesis. At least 16 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above . Plan II does not represent a free option for the student.

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A candidate for the master's degree may be allowed to select Plan II only on the recommendation of the depart ment concerned. Graduate Credit Graduate credit is given for courses which are listed at the 500 level or above and which are offered by those col leges or schools that are members of the Graduate School, or which have otherwise been approved by the dean of the Graduate School. No assurance can be given that work taken by a student will count toward a higher degree unless the student has the approval of the department. Not all courses listed are available at any one time; some of them are given in alternate years. Courses taken during the fall semester 1975 and there after will have graduate rank if they are taught by members of the Graduate School faculty and are in one of the following two categories: 1 . Courses within the major department at the 500 level or above. 2. Courses outside the major department at any level, provided they are approved for graduate rank for a specific degree plan by the faculty of the degree-granting program. This does not change the minimum number of courses that must be taken at the 500 level or above. However, as a result, most students who include 400-level courses of other departments in their program will not exceed those minimum requirements for graduation. Field of Study Studies leading to a master's degree may be divided be tween major and minor subjects at the discretion of the faculty of the degree-granting program . Status Mter a student has made a satisfactory record in this University for at least one semester or summer term and after he has removed any deficiencies that were deter mined at the time of admission or by qualifying examina tions or otherwise, he should confer with his major depart ment and request that a decision be made on his status. This definite status must be set by his major department before a student may make application for admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. Students who are inadequately prepared must make up without credit toward a graduate degree all prerequisites required by the department concerned. Language Requirements Candidates must have such knowledge of ancient and modern languages as each department requires. See special departmental requirements. Credit by Transfer Resident graduate work of high quality done in a recog nized graduate school elsewhere and coming within the time limit may be accepted up to a limited amount, pro vided it is recommended by the department concerned and approved by the dean of the Graduate School. All work accepted by transfer must come within the 5-year time limit or be validated by special examination . Graduate School I 69 The maximum amount of work that may be transferred to this University is 8 semester hours. Credit will not be transferred until the student has established in the Graduate School of this University a satis factory record of at least one semester in residence; such transfer will not reduce the residence requirement at this University, but it may reduce the amount of work to be done in formal courses. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Grad uate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated . Work already applied toward a master's degree received from another institution cannot be accepted for transfer toward the master's degree at the University of Colorado; extension work completed at another institution cannot be transferred; and correspondence work, except to make up deficiencies, is not recognized. Excess undergraduate credits from another institution may not be transferred to the Graduate School. Seniors in this University may, however, transfer a limited amount of advanced resident work (up to 8 semester hours) provided such work: 1. Is completed with distinction in the senior year at this University . 2. Comes within the five-year time limit. 3. Has not been applied toward another degree. 4. Is recommended for transfer by the department con cerned and is approved by the dean of the Graduate School. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to the Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the stu dent will be graduated. For more information contact the Graduate School office. Residency In general, the residency requirements can be met only by residence at this University for at least two semesters or at least three summer terms. For full residence a student must be registered within the time designated at the be ginning of a semester and must carry the equivalent of not fewer than 5 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours of other graduate work. See Lmitation of Registration, Full Load, for re quirements for full residence credit during the summer. A student who is noticeably deficient in his/her general training, or in the specific preparation indicated by each department as prerequisite to graduate work, cannot expect to obtain a degree in the minimum time specified. Assistants and other employees of the University may fulfill the residence requirements of one year in two semes ters, provided their duties do not require more than half time. Full-time employees may not satisfy the residence requirements of one year in fewer than four semesters. Admission to Candidacy A student who wishes to become a candidate for a master's degree must ftle application in the dean's office not later than 10 weeks prior to the completion of the com-

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70 I University of Colorado at Denver prehensive ftnal examination. The number of hours to be presented for the degree must be determined before this application may be flled. See previous section on Status. This application must be made on forms obtainable at the dean's office and in various departments and must be signed by the major department, certifying that the stu dent's work is satisfactory and that the program outlined in the application meets the requirements set for the student. A student on Graduate School probation is not eligible to be awarded a degree until he or she is removed from probation. Thesis Requirements A thesis, which may be of a research, expository, critical, or creative type , is required of every master's degree can didate under Plan I. Every thesis presented in partial ful fillment of the requirements for an advanced degree must: 1. Deal with a deftnite topic related to the major fteld. 2 . Be based upon independent study and investigation. 3. Represent the equivalent of from 4 to 6 semester hours of work . 4 . Receive the approval of the major department not later than 30 days (in some departments, 90 days) before the commencement at which the degree is to be conferred. 5. Be essentially complete at the time the comprehensive ftnal examination is given . 6. Comply in mechanical features with specifications obtainable from the Graduate School. Two weeks prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred, two formally approved, printed or rypewritten copies of the thesis must be flled in the Graduate School. The thesis must be complete with abstract . All theses must be signed by the thesis adviser and the second reader. All approved theses are kept on flle in the library . The thesis binding fee must be paid at the Busi ness Office on the Boulder campus when the thesis is de posited in the Graduate School. Credit hours earned for the thesis will not be accepted toward the requirements for a degree unless such credit has previously been registered. A student working toward a master's degree must register for thesis for a speciftc num ber of hours. The student may register for any speciftc number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total registered credit for thesis must total a minimum of 4 or a maximum of 6 semester hours, the total number of hours depending upon how much credit is to be given for the thesis. The ftnal grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. An IP (in progress) will be reported for terms during which the student is registered for thesis prior to completion of the thesis. Comprehensive Final Examinations Each candidate for a master's degree is required to take a comprehensive ftnal examination after the other require ments for the degree have been completed. This examina tion may be given near the end of the candidate's last semester of residence while he is still taking required courses for the degree, provided he is making satisfactory progress in those courses. The following rules applying to the comprehensive ftnal examination must be observed: 1. A student must be registered when he or she takes the examination . 2. Notice of the examination must be flled by the major department in the dean's office at least three days in ad vance of the examination. 3. The examination is to be given by a committee of three graduate faculty members appointed by the depart ment concerned in consultation with the dean. 4. The examination, which may be oral or written, or both, must cover the thesis, which should be essentially complete at the time, as well as other work done in the University in formal courses and seminars in the major fteld . 5 . An examination in the minor work taken at this U ni versity is optional with the major and minor departments. 6. The examination must include all work presented for the degree not done in residence at the University of Colo rado, whether in the major or minor fteld. The examina tion on transferred work will be given by representatives of the corresponding ftelds of study in this University. 7 . A student who fails the comprehensive ftnal examin ation may not attempt the examination again until at least three months have elapsed and until such work as may be prescribed by the examining committee has been com pleted. The student may retake the examinaton only once. Master's Thesis or Report Credit Every graduate student working toward a master's de gree who expects to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in par tial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 se mester hours. The student may register for any speciftc number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The ftnal grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted . ) Supplemental Examinations Supplemental examinations should be simply an exten sion of the original examination and given immediately. If the student fails the supplemental examination, three months must elapse before he or she may attempt the comprehensive examination again . Course Examinations The regular written examinations of each semester ex cept the last must be taken . Course examinations of the last semester, which come after the comprehensive ftnal examination has been passed, may be omitted with the consent of the instructor .

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Time Limit All work, including the comprehensive final examina tion, should be completed within five years or six succes sive summers . Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Can didates for the master's degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity . Deadlines for Master's Degree Candidates Expecting to Graduate During 1982-83 Deadline dates for the following can be obtained by calling the Graduate School office, 629-2663. 1. Last day for requesting transfer of credit. 2 . Applications for admission to candidacy. Applica tions must be submitted at least 10 weeks before the stu dent expects to take the comprehensive final examination . Students are urged to submit this form by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which they expect to receive the degree. (The form may be picked up in the depart ment or in the Graduate School office.) 3. Last day for thesis to be approved by department. 4. Last day for scheduling of comprehensive final examination. 5. Last day for taking comprehensive final examination. 6. Last day for filing thesis in the Graduate School. At the time of filing, the thesis must be complete in all respects and must meet thesis specifications in order to be accepted by the Graduate School. Candidates whose theses are received after 5 p . m. on the indicated date will be graduated at the commencement following that for which the deadline is indicated. Graduate Programs ANTHROPOLOGY The master's program in anthropology offers general, flexible training in anthropology along with topical spe cialization and the opponunity to specialize in inter disciplinary, applied areas: medical anthropology and community and urban anthropology. The medical anthro pology track is intended to serve students preparing for careers and those with established careers in the health care professions and related fields. Similarly, the community and urban anthropology track is intended to serve those who seek to employ anthropological concepts and methods of community analysis in public administration, develop ment, planning, and allied fields. Working with an ad visory committee , each student will tailor an individual program of studies around courses and seminars in anthro pology and allied disciplines. These programs will culmin ate in either a master's paper-Plan II, or master's thesis Plan I. A primary goal of the program is to produce graduates who are capable of understanding and proficient at resolving, in cooperation with others, the many prob lems of complex societies; consequently, a premium will be placed on interdisciplinary instrUction and practical ex ercises in the design and implementation of research in a variety of settings . More detailed descriptions of the options available • Graduate School I 71 within the M . A . program may be obtained by writing to the Director of Graduate Studies, Anthropology , Univer sity of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th St., Denver, Colo rado 80202. Admission Admission to the master's program in anthropology is open to any holder of a baccalaureate degree, not necessar ily in anthropology, provided he or she meets the follow ing requirements: (1) general requirements for admission to the Graduate School (2. 75 or better grade-point average for all undergraduate studies); and (2) knowledge of the fundamentals of anthropology. Applicants will be ex pected to have had a general introductory course in anthro pology and secondary courses in ethnology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology or be able to dem onstrate a mastery of materials equivalent to that which might reasonably be expected to result from such formal training. Applicants deficient in background may be ad mitted on a provisional basis but will be required to make up deficiencies without graduate credit during the first year in residence. A simpler alternative, when practical, would be to remove deficiencies as a special student prior to applying for admission to the graduate program. In order to be considered for admission into the master's program, an applicant must submit (1) two copies of tran scripts from all undergraduate institutions attended; (2) Graduate Record Examination scores for verbal and quan titative aptitude; and (3) at least three letters of recom mendation. Evidence of previous nonacademic anthro pology-oriented work or other experience will be carefully considered, as will that of special skills relevant to anthro pological research . Depanmental deadlines for receipt of applications for admission to the Graduate School, includ ing accompanying materials, is April 15 for fall entrance, November 15 for spring entrance. Funher information concerning specialization within program, depanmental admission and advising poli cies, etc ., may be obtained by writing the Director of Graduate Studies in Anthropology. For general Graduate School requirements and application information, see be ginning of graduate section of this bulletin. Residency A minimum of two full semesters devoted to advanced study is required by the Graduate School. Students work ing toward the master's degree in anthropology will be strongly encouraged to attain that degree within three years following matriculation into the program. Course Hours and Distribution A minimum of 36 semester hours of credit is required for the M . A . degree in anthropology . All nonthesis course work in anthropology must be at the 500 level or above. Course work is to be distributed as follows for students pursuing an interdisciplinary specialty within the general anthropology track, the medical anthropology track, or the community and urban anthropology track : Courses in anthropology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 semester hour s minimum Courses in related fields ................. 15 semester hours minimum

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72 I University of Colorado at Denver For students pursuing a subdisciplinary specialty within the general anthropology track, course work is to be distributed as follows: Courses in anthropolog y ... ............. 18 semester hours minimum Courses in related field s .............. . . . 12 semester hours minimum The remaining 6 semester hours may be met either by (Plan I) writing a master's thesis , for which 6 hours credit is given, or by (Plan II) taking 6 additional hours of course work if the student prefers to write a master ' s paper. Thesis or Paper The student must either carry out an original research project and report the results in a thesis of professional quality or write a master's paper, more limited in scope, to complete the degree. A thesis provides a valuable oppor tunity to initiate or pursue important, individual research objectives. The master's paper is intended as a flexible alternative for students who wish to pursue in depth some issue or specialty topic without engaging in the sustained research effort on which a master's thesis depends. APPLIED MATHEMATICS See Mathematics Program. BASIC SCIENCE, MASTER OF Collin Hightower, Coordinator for UCD The program leading to the Master of Basic Science (M. B . S . ) degree is interdisciplinary . It provides an oppor tunity for present and prospective mathematics and science professionals and others to extend and/or broaden their training in computer science, mathematics, museology , and the natural and physical sciences at advanced under graduate and graduate levels . These professionals include public school teachers, industrial scientists, engineers, business persons, and others . The student may elect the mathematics, science, or museology options as described below. Wide latitude is possible in the details of a degree plan so that students may follow a course of study most pertinent to their interests. The degree plan will be de signed in conjunction with the student's adviser and must be approved by the executive committee. All courses credited toward the degree must be taken through the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado Springs, or Denver , over a period of five years or six successive summers. The Master of Basic Science degree is supervised by an advisory committee appointed by the dean of the Grad uate School , and application should be made to the Master of Basic Science Office , Ketchum 306, University of Colo rado at Boulder, regardless of the campus which the stu dent plans to attend . Requirements for Admission 1. General regulations for admission to the Graduate School apply (see Requirements for Admission) . 2. A student must present at least 40 semester hours in the physical and biological sciences and mathematics , pre ferably including one year of calculus, statistics, or com puter science . Students may be admitted to the program with a defi c iency in calculus, statistics , or computer science requirements , but must remedy the deficiency within two years after admission, with grades of Cor better . Requirements for the Master of Basic Science Degree 1. General regulations of the Graduate School govern ing the award of the master's degree apply (see Master of Arts and Master of Science) except as modified below . 2 . The s tudent is required to complete 24 semester hours of University credit for the Plan I (thesis) option and 30 semester hours for the Plan II (no thesis) option . All of these hours shall be numbered 300 and above. At least 12 of these hours shall be numbered 500 or higher, not to in clude thesis credit. Normally, not more than 3 hours of 500-level credit should be independent study. 3. Minimum Grade-Point Average . Courses on the 300 and 400 level will be accepted toward the degree only with grades of A or B ; 500and 600-level courses will be ac cepted toward the degree with grades of A, B, or C. The student must have a B average in all courses taken subse quent to his admission to the program , including courses not actually offered for the degree. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Students who are not presenting a thesis for the degree must pass a final examination or prepare a paper describ ing a research project or other specialized study . The choice of these is at the discretion of the Administrative Committee which also must approve the candidate's per formance. There are three basic op t ions within the program : math emat ics, museology, and science. A Plan II (no thesis) op tion is available in the science option. Mathematics Option 1. A reasonable degree of competence is required in the fields of analysis , algebra , and geometry. A minimum of 15 semester hours of upper division courses (300 level or above) in mathematics must be offered for the degree , in cluding at least 3 hours of analysis, 6 hours of algebra , and 3 hours of geometry . 2. One upper division sequence of at least 6 semester hours in any of the physical or biological sciences repre sented in the program. With permission , two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for the one-year sequence. 3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer sciences, to complete an approved 3D-semester hour degree plan. Of these 30, twelve or more hours must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school mathematics teaching, of or science, or philosophy of math emaucs or sctence. Science Option 1. An upper division sequence (300 lev el or above) of at least 6 semester hours in each of two of the physical or bio logical sciences named above. With permission, two inde•

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pendent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for one of the one-year sequences . 2. Upper division electives in science , mathematics, or compu t er sci ences , to complete an approved degree plan . Of the total , twelve hours or more must be from courses numbered 500 or higher . The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in sec ondary school teaching, history of science or mathematics, or philosoph y of science or mathematics . Museology Option (Boulder Campus Only) 1. At l east 8 but not more than 12 semester hours of courses offered by the museum . Three to 6 semester hours of courses in the College of Business and Administration of which 3 semester hours must be in the area of small business management . The total museum business semester hours ma y not exceed 15. 2 . An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in one of the departments (other than museum) represented in the program. 3 . Upper division electives in science , mathematics , or computer science, to complete an approved 3D-semester hour degree plan . Of the 30 hours, at least 12 hours must be numbered 500 or above . BIOLOGY The master's program in biology is designed to prepare graduates for research and teaching positions, employment in business and industry , and for advanced graduate work at the doctoral level. The M.A . in biology may be obtained with an emphasis in ecology, genetics , plant science, and organism i c biology (including anatomy, physiology , and development). Two pr inci ples have guided the development of the graduate program in biology. These are ( 1) the belief that a student ' s program should be tailored to meet the stu dent ' s spe c ific needs or personal goals and (2) the utiliza tion of all the University's resource facilities , regardless of the campus on which they are located , in order to provide greater opportunity and exposure for the student . Requirements for Admission Applicants must hold a baccalaureate degree from an ac credited college or university earned with an overall grade point average of 3.0 or better . (Exceptions to this grade point average are made, dependent upon the letters of recommendation made on the student's behalf.) Most ap plicants have an undergraduate major in biology or its equivalent . Students who do not meet the minimum re quirements set by the department or the Graduate School may be admitted on a provisional basis as detailed in the Graduate School information in this bulletin. The general portion of the GREis required; the advanced biology test is recommended but not required . Applications are sub mitted directly to the biology graduate coordinator at UCD. Degree Requirements All course work taken within the department and ap plied toward the degree must be 500 level or above . With Graduate S c hool I 7 3 the adviser ' s and/or graduate committee ' s approval course work at the 400 level taken outside the department may be applied toward the degree. Two types of degree plans are offered : Plan I (with thesis) requires 24 semester hours including 4-6 hours of thesis ; at least 12 of the total semester hours must be 500 level or above . . Plan II (without thesis) requires 30 semester hours of which 16 hours must be 500 level or above . There is no core of required c ourses structured into the master ' s degree program . A course plan i s developed by the student and major professor and approved by the stu dent's graduate comm i ttee. Additional Information The student is referred to the biology graduate co ordinator (629-3419) and to the Department of Biology ' s Master of Arts in Biology brochure which is available in the Graduate School Office . Specific questions relating to the student's background and specific program needs should be directed to the biology graduate coordinator . CHEMISTRY The M . S . degree is offered at UCD in any one of the following basic fields: analytical , bio-, inorganic , organic, or physical chemisuy. Additionally, problems involving application of chemical knowledge to the problems of our environment are encouraged. The M .S. program is available to both fulland part time students. The chemistry faculty at UCD strives to en sure that students receive excellent supervision of work and advising in the graduate program . Students enrolled in the program have a good opportunity to be appo i nted as teaching assistants . Research acti v ities on the part of the chemistry faculty provide opportunities for graduate stu dents to obtain research assistantships . Degree Requirements Two types of degrees are offered : Plan I requires 24 credit hours including 15 to 20 credit hours of formal course work, 4 to 9 credit hours in research courses, the completion of a research investigation , and the presentation of a thesis. Plan II requires 24 hours of formal course work and 6 credit hours of research without a thesis . Prerequisite. An undergraduate major in chemistry is desirable since all students are required to pass examina tions covering the major fields of chemistry. The GRE (Graduate Record Examination) scores are required. Ad vanced chemistry GREs are recommended . Students who plan to enroll in the graduate program must take a qualifying examination to determine their background and qualifications for advanced study in the field of chemistry. For further informat i on contact the Graduate Adviser, Robert Damrauer , at 629-2646. CIVIL ENGINEERING Civil engineering graduate programs at UCD are offered

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74 I University of Colorado at Denver through the combined depanments of Civil, Environmen tal, and Architectural Engineering (Boulder) and Civil and Urban Engineering (Denver). Students wishing to pursue graduate work in civil engineering leading to candidacy for the M.S. or Ph . D . degrees should read carefully Require ments for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. All require ments for the M.S. and a large part of those for the Ph.D. may be completed at UCD. A pamphlet elaborating on the rules as they apply to civil engineering is available from the departmental office at UCD, UA 403, 629-2871. No qualifying examination is required for the M.S. degree; however, in competition for all University fellow ships, the Graduate Record Examination, consisting of the aptitude tests and the advanced test in engineering, is used in the evaluation of candidates. Therefore, students are advised to take this examination prior to their arrival on campus. Programs are available in the fields of transportation, water quality and water resources, hydraulics, soil mech anics, structural mechanics, and structural design . In each program, courses are selected by the student (under supervision of the faculty adviser) in such a way as to meet the student's interests and the requirements of the Graduate School. See also Master of Engineering degree. The civil engineering program has no Ph.D. foreign lan guage requirement other than those communication re quirements established by the Graduate School. For more information write to: Chairman, Civil and Urban Engi neering , College of Engineering and Applied Science, UCD, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202. Center for Urban Transportation Studies The Center for Urban Transportation Studies (CUTS), operating under the Depanment of Civil and Urban Engi neering, was established (1) to assume a leading role in the Rocky Mountain region in developing research, re search facilities, and interdisciplinary graduate programs in urban transportation; and (2) to provide a central re source for information concerning urban transportation problems in the Rocky Mountain region, making available to outside organizations the expertise within the Univer sity. Through CUTS, the depanments offer interdisciplinary graduate programs and research opportunities designed to develop professionals who will be capable of dealing with the complex problems of urban transportation in a compe tent and meaningful manner. Degree programs are avail able through the College of Engineering and Applied Sci ence, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Graduate School of Public Affairs, Graduate School of Business Ad ministration, and College of Design and Planning. For more information call (303) 629-2873. COMMUNICATION AND THEATRE Applicants are admitted to the graduate program in communication and theatre on the basis of their academic records and on recommendations. While there are no specific prerequisites beyond those required by the Grad uate School, students admitted who are unable to offer a substantial number of semester hours of wnrlc in the area of their intended specialization or allied fields must expect that a significant number of additional courses and semes ter hours will be required of them in order to make up de ficiencies . Every student must take a diagnostic examination before completing 9 semester hours. For every scudent who declares intention to qualify for an advanced degree, an adviser and committee will be selected not later than the beginning of the student's sec ond semester (or second summer term) in residence. It is the duty of this adviser and committee to assume the re sponsibility for (1) approving the student's graduate pro gram; and (2) evaluating the student's qualifying examina tion, thesis, and comprehensive final examination. All M.A. degree candidates are required to complete C . T . 601 or its equivalent. At least two courses (4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department or outside the departmental area(s) of concentration. Plan I, With Thesis . Mter any undergraduate deficien cies have been removed, students under Plan I must nor mally earn 27 semester hours, of which a minimum of 16 must be earned in one major area. Four to 6 thesis credit hours may be counted toward the 27-hour requirement. The Plan II Option WIT is available at UCD only upon application. Courses at the 500 level or above may be applied toward the graduate degree by graduate students in communica tion and theatre. Some courses are available only on the Boulder campus; inquiry should be made. The graduate courses in communication and theatre are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD . For more information, students should contact the grad uate adviser at 629-2730 . COMPUTER SCIENCE Under the auspices of the Depanment of Computer Sci ence at the University of Colorado at Boulder, the Depart ment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and the Depanment of Mathematics at UCD are offering a pro gram leading to the M.S. in computer science. The pro gram consists of a core of five courses required of all stu dents and the selection of a specialty field (numerical com putation, programming languages, computer systems, management science, or signal processing) in which addi tional courses are taken. The program typically is as follows: Core Courses C.S. (E.E.) 553. C.S. (E.E.) 557. E.E. 551. C.S . (Math . ) 560 . c.s. 546. E.E. 552. Specialty Field Fundamental Concepts of Programming Languages Operacing Systems or Hardware-Software Interface Numerical Analysis I Automata Theory Data Structures Three or more courses in computer science, elecuical engineering, mathematics , or management science, depending on the specialty selected. Thesis or Master's Reading Course C.S. 700 or C.S . 701.

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Students may choose the thesis option (Plan I) or the nonthesis option (Plan II). Those selecting Plan I may register for 4 to 6 semester hours of credit for thesis re search, working with a faculty adviser from the Boulder or Denver campus. Those selecting Plan II must take C .S. 701, the master ' s reading option, offered on the Boulder campus . In both cases the student ' s advisory committee usually will c onsist of faculty from both campuses . Admiss i on to the program is granted by the Department of Computer Science (Boulder) . Specific mathematic back ground requirements include a year of university-level cal culus and a year of mathematics beyond calculus. Com puter science background should include the following (or their equivalents) : C.S . 210, C.S. 310, D.S. 401, C.S . 453 , C.S. 459 , and C.S . 465. Information on the program can be obtained from the department, 492-7514 or the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at UCD, 629-2872 . ECONOMICS The M . A . program in economics at UCD is especially di rected toward two groups : (1) those who look on the M . A. as a key to career development in business or government service and (2) those who desire to go on to Ph . D . studies in economics or related fields . In serving these constituencies, the department seeks to strike a balance between generating technical competence in handling modern quantitative techniques and pro viding solid grounding in several applied fields of econom ics. While these two aims overlap to some degree in the course offerings , prospective degree candidates should de termine rather earl y in their studies at UCD whether to emphasize quantitative and theoretical work or applied fields , or to balance the two. In addition to offering regularly a graduate sequence in macroeconomic and microeconomic theory, and econome trics, the department emphasizes the following : urban economics, transportation economics , resource economtcs, environmental economics , public finance and policy, edu cation of economists , political economy , and mathematical economics . Persons interested in the program should con tact the graduate adviser in the Department of Economics at 629-2616 . Requirements for Admission 1. General requirements of the Graduate School (in cluding a 2 . 75 undergraduate cumulative grade-point average). 2 . Three letters of recommendation . 3 . Sixteen semester hours of undergraduate economics. 4 . Acceptable Gradua t e Record Examination scores. 5 . Two official transcripts from all colleges attended. Degree Requirements 1. Economic Theory (Econ. 507) . 2. Quantitative Methods (Econ . 581) . 3 . Plan I : An M .A. Thesis . Twenty-four semester hours , of which 12 must be at the 600 level and 4 semester hours of thesis credit. Thesis credit does not count toward the 12 600-level hours . Graduate School I 7 5 4 . Plan II: Without Thesis. Thirty semester hours, of which 15 must be at the 600 level. Two fields of concentra tion . Each field requires 6 credit hours, but the stru cture is highly flexible , e.g ., one field can be an internship. EDUCATION Graduate study in education at the University of Colo rado is offered on three campuses (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) and through 1 4 program areas . All in quiries regarding programs at UCD should be directed to the Associate Dean's Office , School of Education , Univer sity of Colorado at Denver , 1100 14th St . , Denver , Colo rado 80202, or to the Associate Dean of the Graduate School at UCD. A wide range of professional and academic interest is served by these programs . Programs of study can be under taken in the following areas: Administration and supervision Early childhood education Educational ps y cholog y Elementary education Foundations Guidance and counselin g (elementary , secondary , and agenc y settings) library media Reading Secondary education (Mathematics educati o n , scien c e education , En glis h edu c ation , social studies edu cat ion ) Spe c ial education Graduate studies in education are offered a t the M .A. (thesis and nonthesis) level. In some instances , doctoral work can be taken at UCD , but only with the prior a p proval of a student ' s adviser , and the dean's office on both the Boulder and Denver campuses. Outlines of each of the graduate programs of study are available upon request from the School of Education Of fice at UCD. Since many of the graduate degree plans are flexible and can be designed around individual student needs , it is highly desirable that the prospective candidate discuss tentative programs of studies with appropriate faculty members prior to submitting applica t ions . Application for Admission A prospective candidate should request application forms from the Associate Dean, School of Education, Un i versity of Colorado at Denver. The completed form should be returned to the Associate Dean , School of Education , UCD , together with a $20 application fee. The fee should be in the form of a check or money order payable to the University of Colorado. Two copies of official transcripts of all previous college and university study should be ordered by the applicant to be sent to the associate dean. Four re commendations on the forms provided, or by letter , should be furnished. At least two of these should be from college or university professors who can write with assur ance about the applicant's academic and professional achievement promise . One or two recommendations from supervisors or employers are acceptable with reference to an applicant's ability and contribution to the enterprise with which he/she was or is associated . Application papers and all supporting documents (including GRE scores or MAT scores, see below) must be in the associate dean's of fice on April 1 for summer , June 1 for fall, and O c tober 1 for spring semester admission .

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76 I University of Colorado at Denver Applicants should request the Educational Testing Service to send their scores on the aptitude test (verbal and quantitative) of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), or scores from the Miller's Analogy Test, to the dean's of fice. If an applicant has not taken the Graduate Record Examination or the Miller's Analogy Test, he/she should ar range to do so. The GRE or MAT is administered at many centers throughout the country. Information about the GRE may be obtained from the Graduate School Office, the Student Affairs Office at UCD, the Educational Testing Service, 20 Nassau Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or the graduate office of a university in the appli cant's area. Master's Degree Two Master of Arts degree plans and a Master of Educa tion plan are available, each comprising one academic year or more of graduate work beyond the bachelor's degree. The minimum residence requirement for any master's degree is one academic year or the equivalent, and it may be satisfied by two semesters in residence, or three full summer sessions, or any combination equal to two semesters. DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 1. M.A . -Plan I (With Thesis). The program consists of 36 semester hours or more, including 4 semester hours for the master's thesis. While the inclusion of a minor field is not required by the Graduate School, a student and ad viser may agree on a minor, in which 4 to 8 semester hours can be applied toward degree requirements. The M.A. thesis is written in accordance with the spec ifications set by the Graduate School and under the super vision of the student's adviser. When a complete first draft is ready for final typing, the thesis must be read by a second reader appointed by the dean's office. If the second reader approves the thesis, both the reader and the adviser will sign it when it is presented for filing with the Grad uate School. If the reader does not approve, he and the student's adviser will confer and suggest appropriate changes . Two copies are required by the Graduate School. 2 . M.A. -Plan II (Without Thesis). The Plan II pro gram includes 36 or more semester hours of graduate credit, and may include 4 to 10 hours for a minor. The minor is highly recommended in some fields of study. 3. Master of Education (M.Ed.). This program requires a minimum of 36 or more semester hours of graduate work, including a professional report for which 2 semester hours credit is granted. The professional report is prepared under the supervision of the student's adviser, in accord ance with thesis specifications issued by the Graduate School. One copy is submitted to the adviser upon com pletion, but none is filed with the Graduate School. EDUCATION AS A MINOR FIELD In M.A. programs for majors outside the School of Edu cation, students may include education as a minor if both their major department and the dean's office of the School of Education approve . For master's degrees, a minor in education consists of at least 6 semester hours of study in related courses. Not more than 2 semester hours may be transferred from another institution. Students who propose to minor in education must have had sufficient undergraduate work in education to prepare them for graduate study in the field. Appraisal of under graduate preparation will be made by the dean's office and the coordinator of the program area in which the proposed minor courses will be taken. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Electrical engineering graduate programs at UCD are of fered through the combined Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering (Denver) and Electrical Engineer ing (Boulder). Students can undertake studies toward the Master of Science and Ph.D . degrees at UCD in the areas of commu nication and information systems, computer hardware and software, control systems, electro-optics and holography, circuits and electronics, fields and propagation, and power systems. A student wishing to pursue work in electrical engineer ing should read carefully the Requirements for Advanced Degrees section in this bulletin, and should also obtain a copy of the specific electrical engineering requirements by writing to the Director of Graduate Admissions, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado 80202. Special students and those intending to pursue a graduate pro gram at UCD are urged to consult the departmental repre sentative as part of their application procedure. Master's degree students are expected to present a thesis unless specifically exempted by the department . The Ph . D. preliminary examination will include the following areas: Bioengineering Circuits (active, passive , models) Communication theory Computers Control systems Electric and magnetic fields Energy conversion and power systems Mathematics Physical and semiconductor c:lectronics Each student must complete two sections, mathematics and the area in which he I she plans to specialize, and must present an acceptable master's thesis or the equivalent as an indication of ability to perform independent research. ENGINEERING, MASTER OF The Master of Engineering degree program is adminis tered by the Graduate School through the departments of engineering. The requirements for admission and for qual ity and quantity of academic work are essentially the same as for the Master of Science degree awarded in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The principal difference between the Master of Engi neering degree and the Master of Science degree is that the Master of Engineering is intended especially to meet the needs of those practicing engineers who wish to follow an integrated, interdisciplinary program of studies in engi neering or in engineering and allied subjects related to the individual student's professional work . Examples of such

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interdisciplinary programs include engineering and social sciences, engineering and biological sciences, engineering and behavioral sciences, engineering and public ad ministration, engineering and law, and engineering and business administration. The degree will be especially valuable for continuing education programs for engineers in industry. It will pro vide a framework for such persons to work toward signifi cant goals fitted to their particular interests . The program can include courses which are made available on video tape or on live television. The Master of Engineering degree is not intended as a means to permit a random, unguided selection of courses . Each prospective student is required to present a well-de fined objective in order to be admitted to the program . In consultation with the faculty advisers, an academic pro gram is developed to meet this objective . The requirements for the degree are 30 credit hours plus a written report on a creative investigation which may be related to the student's professional work . The report will be of the same general quality as that required for the thesis for the Master of Science degree and must be de fended orally, but does not in itself carry credit nor require registration. It may be based upon work done for credit under independent study. At least 15 credit hours must be in engineering at the 500 level or above. As many as 15 credit hours may be taken outside of engineering. Credit in courses below the 400 level will not apply toward degree requirements. The admission of students to graduate study, the ap proval of their degree programs , admission to candidacy for the degree, and the approval of the awarding of a degree are to originate through a specific department of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, in the same manner as for the established Master of Science pro gram . An advisory committee, including not fewer than three faculty members, will be appointed for each student by his or her department. The membership of each ad visory committee shall be chosen from the various interdis ciplinary academic areas represented in the student's pro gram and will be from more than one department. The ad visory committee guides the student, and is responsible for approving the individual's degree program and admission to candidacy; and approves the student's written report and the awarding of the degree. Additional information about the degree may be ob tained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science departmental offices . ENGLISH Students admitted to graduate study in English may complete all or substantially all of their course require ments for either the M . A. or Ph.D. at UCD; examinations are administered through the English department on the Boulder campus. Admission requirements for graduate study in English include satisfactory scores on verbal and advanced (litera ture) parts of the Graduate Record Examination, plus at least 24 semester hours in English (exclusive of composi tion, creative writing and speech, and literature courses counting as credits in education, but including 6 hours of Graduate School I 77 Survey of English Literature), of which at least 16 semester hours must be in upper division work . Students wishing to pursue graduate work in English should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. They also should obtain a copy of the brochure , Graduate Study in English, issued by the English department and should consult the adviser for graduate English studies at UCD. All students planning to take any graduate English examination must state their intentions to the graduate adviser for English studies at UCD at least ten weeks prior to the date of the examination . The graduate courses in English are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD . For more information contact the graduate adviser at (303) 629-2730. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE The M.S . in environmental science is an interdisciplin ary degree designed to integrate the basic engineering sciences, the basic physical I natural sciences, and the socio economic sciences into an applicable body of knowledge. Upon completion of the degree requirements, the student should have an understanding of the physical and biolog ical dynamics of various ecosystems; a background in envir onmental engineering; and an awareness ofthe social, eco nomic, and aesthetic systems and values which are an inte gral part of any ecosystem involving human activity. Students are required to complete a set of core courses and an in-service research project/ report. Flexibility is pro vided through the selection of additional elective courses in various subject areas of interest to the student. It is the student's responsibility to satisfy any undergraduate defi ciencies before entering the advanced degree program or concurrent with the first two semesters of enrollment in the program . The degree is offered through cooperation between the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the Col lege of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Information on specific degree requirements and course options can be obtained by contacting the Division of Natural and Physical Sciences, 629-2646. FINE ARTS Some course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in the discipline, but degree programs must be com pleted through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Courses at the 400 level also may be used for graduate credit as part of the minor; 500-level courses are open to qualified seniors. The graduate courses in fine arts are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD. FRENCH At present UCD offers no French courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate ad viser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in

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78 I University of Colorado at Denver French are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at UCD . GEOGRAPHY An M.A. degree program is offered at UCD emphasiz ing the spatial analysis of a variety of urban Areas of specialization include urban econonuc/soctal geography, transportation, quantitative methods, demog raphy, land use, perception, and environmental ning. Graduate training toward the Ph.D . degree 1S also available at UCD, but applications are presently pro cessed by the departmental office on the Boulder campus. Flexible programs are designed to meet the needs of both fulland part-time students. Two types of degree programs are available. Plan Ire quires a minimum of 18 credit hours of coursework and 6 credit hours of thesis research and presentation work . Plan II includes a minimum of 24 credit hours of coursework, as well as 4 to 6 independent student credit hours involving completion of a project or paper of publishable quality . All incoming graduate students must complete three courses with three different departmental faculty within the first semester (or first year for part-time students). At least one of the three courses must be in physical geography and one in human geography. The mance in these courses will be used by a faculty committee to (1) determine the general fitness of to con tinue toward the M.A. degree and (2) tdentify any aca demic deficiencies the student may have. For admission to the M . A . program, the student must have a bachelor ' s degree in geography or some allied field. Applicants with little or no training in geography may be requited to take additional course work in areas deemed necessary for completing graduate work. The GRE verbal and quantitative examinations, or their equivalent for for eign students, are requited of all applicants. For further information call the geography department , 629-2676 or 629-2590 . GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES Course work at the graduate level can be taken at UCD in this discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder. More information about opportunities for Denver stu dents is available in the UCD office of the Division of Natural and Physical Sciences, 629-2646 . HISTORY The history faculty of the University of Colorado at Denver offers a master's degree program which encompas ses certain fields of modern history . Students applying for admission to the program should have sufficient back ground in history , though not necessarily a B . A . in the subject, and some knowledge of allied social sciences to af ford an adequate foundation for graduate work. However, the department encourages applications from individuals interested in resuming their education. Admission Application forms for admission to graduate study in history are available from the UCD Graduate School of fice. In addition to the general admission requirements of the Graduate School, applicants for admission to the history program must take the verbal and the advanced history section of the Graduate Record Examination. Ap plicants may also submit a significant sample of their writing . The Admissions Committee will examine care fully all materials submitted, including transcripts and let ters of recommendation, and advise that candidates make appointments for an interview. The master's degree in history is traditionally viewed as training for careers in education, government service, museum and archive management, or historic preservation activities as well as for further degree work in law and busi ness management. But the degree program is also attrac tive to individuals who want to further their general educa uon. General Degree Requirements Candidates in history must satisfy the general require ments of the Graduate School which are outlined in this bulletin. In meeting the master's degree requirements of the Department of History candidates have two options. They must complete either 30 semester hours of course work, or 24 semester hours of course work and a thesis. Under the first option, candidates must include in the 30 hours at least 15 hours of course work at the 600 level or above and 3 hours of 700-level work in their major field. Under the second option, the 24 hours of course work must include at least 12 hours of work at the 600 level or above and 3 hours at the 700 level in the major field. The thesis (4-6 hours) counts as 700-level work . A candidate is urged to select his or her thesis, which is subject to depart mental approval, by the beginning of the second The writing of the thesis shall be under the superv1s1on of the candidate's major adviser. Upon nearing the completion of their degree work , all candidates are requited to pass a final written comprehen sive examination in their major field. The examination, to be registered for in advance, will be given each semester, including summers, at announced times and will be con ducted by the department. A residency of at least one academic year is requited for the degree. Particular Requirements for the Master's Degree in History 1. Hist. 601, Historiography, is requited of all graduate students . 2 . Each candidate must select one of the fields listed below as a major field which shall comprise not more than 50 percent of the M . A . program: The United States to 1865 The United States Since 1865 Modern Europe (Since 1500) Mrica 3 . Each candidate must select a second field of history as his or her minor and complete 6 hours of work in that field. However, candidates selecting one of the U.S . fields

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as their major may not select the other U . S . field as their minor . 4. With the consent of their major adviser, candidates may include in their programs a minor in museology, to consist of 6 semester hours (normally Mus. 401 and In dependent Study in Museology), a minor in archival and records management procedures to consist of 6 hours (nor mally Hist . 690 and 790), or a minor in historic preserva tion to consist of 6 hours. 5. With the consent of their major adviser, candidates may include in their program a minor consisting of 6 hours of work taken outside the Department of History . The minor may be chosen from the following subjects: eco nomics, political science, psychology, sociology, an thropology, geography, philosophy, literature, art history, or education. 6. Candidates working in an area of study involving the use of a foreign language will be required by their major adviser to demonsuate proficiency in that language. 7 . In history courses no grade lower than B will count toward the completion of the course work for the master ' s degree . 8 . Candidates may register for up to 6 hours of Inde pendent Study (Hist. 960). In special circumstances, with consent of the major adviser, candidates may register for up to 9 hours of independent study. Additional independent study must be approved by the department chairman upon the advice of the major adViser. For further information concerning the master's degree in history at UCD, direct inquiries to Chairman, Depart ment of History, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202 or telephone, {303) 629-2616 . HUMANITIES, MASTER OF The Master of Humanities is an interdisciplinary degree offered at UCD. Its purpose is to provide an opportunity for students to broaden their understanding of the rela tionships among the several areas normally subsumed under the heading of humanities, e . g., communication, philosophy, the arts, literature, and the languages. The M.H. program is especially suitable for the many high school, junior high school, and elementary school teachers who find themselves in the position of having to teach in several different areas of the humanities. However the M.H . program is by no means restricted to teachers. All courses required for the M.H. degree are offered at UCD. Admission Each student is required to take the Graduate Record Examination aptitude test as an aid in the planning of his/her studies for the degree. Before entering the M.H . program, a student is ex pected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the hu manities . Humanities, as used here, is broadly conceived to include general scudies in communication, theaue, philosophy, literature, the arts, the languages, and other areas as agreed upon by the student and the Graduate School. Graduate School I 79 General requirements of the Graduate School governing the awarding of the master's degree apply . Degree Requirements All courses credited toward the M.H. degree must be taken at the University of Colorado over a period not ex ceeding five years or six successive summers. The M . H. degree program shall be supervised by an advisory commit tee consisting of three members of the graduate faculty, each from a different area of the humanities. In addition to the 3 hours for Hum. 500 (described below), candidates for the M.H. degree are expected to complete a minimum of 24 semester hours at the 500 level or higher in four of the following areas (i.e . , 3-9 hours in each area): Communication English Fine arts French language and litera cure History Music Philosophy Spanish language and literacure Theatre Up to 6 hours in areas other than those listed above may be accepted as humanities as agreed upon by the student and the advisory committee. The requirement of 3-9 hours in each area is intended to insure that the student achieves a considerable degree of breadth. On the other hand, this requirement should not be consuued as precluding the student from doing addi tional work in one particular field in order to achieve further depth. Within one calendar year of entering the M.H. pro gram, the student is required to take Hum. 500 (may be repeated as 501). This is a 3-credit seminar that deals with the identity of the humanities, their place in the life of man, the various media through which they manifest themselves, and related matters . Hum. 500 (and 501 if re peated) count as part of the 30 hours required for the M . H. degree. Twenty-four of the required hours will be taken in the disciplines listed above, the remainder to be completed through Hum. 500 (and 501 if repeated). Before completing 15 hours of course work toward the M.H., the student must meet with an advisory committee to plan the directions and emphases for the remainder of studies for the degree. Mter completing the 30 hours required for the degree , the student is required to pass a comprehensive examina tion covering the three areas in which course work has been concenuated. It should be suessed that this examination is not a combination of three different master ' s degree exam inations; rather, it is an opponunity for the student to display, and the faculty to view, the student's expertise in combining significant aspects of three different fields, bringing major uends and ideas of the fields into mean ingful relationships with each other . The examination will be composed and administered by the student's advisory committee . Mter satisfactory completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must present a final thesis or project. This is a substantial scholarly and/ or creative exer cise involving three different humanistic areas. It is super vised by the student's advisory committee and must be performed or presented before an open seminar consisting

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80 I University of Colorado at Denver of the committee and any other faculty members who wish to attend . The approved thesis or report of thesis-per formance shall be recorded in the Graduate School. Throughout this work toward the M . H . degree , the stu dent must uphold the high standards of the Graduate School, maintaining at least a B average in all courses taken subsequent to his/her admission to the M . H. program. Required Courses The only course specifically required for the M . H. degree is the new Hum. 500 described above. The 24 hours (in addition to Hum. 500) required for the degree will normally be drawn from 500-level courses which already exist at UCD . The language requirement for the M.H. degree is fourth-semester proficiency in a language relevant to the student's particular course of study . Such relevancy will be decided upon by the student ' s advisory committee. For further information about the Master of Humanities degree program students should contact the Division of Arts and Humanities, 629-2730. MATHEMATICS Two graduate degrees may be earned in mathematics : the M.A . in mathematics and the M . S . in applied math ematics. (Also see Master of Basic Science . ) It is the respon sibility of each individual student to see that the require ments for these degrees are satisfied at the proper time . To begin graduate work toward one of the above de grees, a student should have at least the following prepara tion : 30 semester hours in mathematics including, beyond a full course in calculus, a year's course in advanced cal culus , 3 semester hours of linear algebra and either a 3-semester-hour course in higher algebra or a 3-semester hour course in ordinary differential equations . Students who do not have all the prerequisites for one of the advanced degrees may still be admitted provisionally if, in the faculty's judgment, their record justifies this (but also see the Graduate School admission requirements) . For a mathematics minor for a graduate degree, a full course in calculus is a prerequisite . Requirements for the M.A. and M.S. The student must present 30 hours of course work, in cluding a 6-hour minor. All mathematics courses submit ted must be numbered 5 00 or higher. If the minor is taken outside of mathematics, the minor courses must be numbered 400 or higher. These 30 hours must be planned in consultation with and approved by a mathematics graduate adviser. There is no thesis requirement for either degree . How ever, the candidate must make a one hour oral presenta tion on an approved topic. A committee of two graduate faculty members is selected by the candidate to approve the topic and supervise its preparation and presentation. There is no foreign language requirement for either master's degree . However, students who may want to con tinue for a Ph.D. should satisfy at least one of the foreign language requirements before obtaining a master's degree. All master's degree programs must be planned in con sultation with an approved mathematics graduate adviser . Prospective candidates for a master's degree should select a graduate adviser and develop and file a degree program plan at the earliest possible date. Failure to do this could result in the loss of credits for courses that cannot be ap proved for the option selected. Contact the department for information on selecting a graduate adviser. The department offers a wide assortment of programs leading to a master's degree and is continuing an expan sion of the applied mathematics faculty and course offer ings . At present, the Master of Science in applied mathe matics has the following options: (1) engineering or sci ence applications , (2) computer science applications, (3) statistics applications, and ( 4) economics applications. Other options will become available as appropriate faculty are employed. For further information contact the grad uate adviser at (303) 629-2646. MUSIC Graduate study in music at UCD is presently offered in several cooperative programs w i th the University of Colo rado at Boulder. Varying amounts of work toward the Master of Music Education and the Master of Music degrees may be taken in Denver . Admission to these programs is achieved by application to the Office of the Associate Dean for Graduate Study, College of Music, University of Colorado at Boulder , Boulder, Colorado 80309 . Postbaccalaureate study in the special areas of concentra tion unique to UCD include composition and arranging, sound synthesis and recording, and music and media. Since these are innovative programs , prospective can didates should make personal inquiry at UCD about re quirements . The music educator intending to undertake graduate work will find the UCD programs attractive, particularly if he or she has special interests in jazz, rock, improvisation, sound synthesis and recording, and the repertory asso ciated with today's youth . The composer-arranger-performer-producer who seeks graduate training in the fields of recording, television, and music for advertising also will find UCD responsive to his or her needs . Applied Music Policy All performance standards, requirements, and credits specified for a particular music degree in this College do not necessarily transfer and become acceptable for any other music degree within the College. Additional infor mation on this policy is available from the Office of the Associate Dean, UCD College of Music. PHILOSOPHY Applicants for admission to the Graduate School for work toward an M.A. or Ph.D . degree with a major in philosophy are expected to have had 18 or more semester hours in undergraduate courses in the subject, including history of philosophy. While some course work at the grad uate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline, all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder . Students wishing to pursue graduate work in philosophy should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this

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bulletin and should obtain from the department a copy of the Graduate Program in Philosophy. The Graduate Record Examination is not required. Certain special programs exist (M.A.'s in comparative East/West philosophy and in history and philosop _hy of science), details of which may be had on request. PHYSICS While some course work at the graduate level may be taken at UCD in this discipline , all degree programs must be arranged through the University of Colorado at Boulder. Physics courses at the 40 0 level may be used for graduate credit for students in nonphysics graduate pro grams . POLITICAL SCIENCE Admission to the M.A. Program Students applying for admission to the M.A. program in political science normally should present at least 18 hours of undergraduate or previous graduate work in political science, at least 9 hours of which should be at the upper division or graduate level. Deficiencies may be made up at UCD by enrolling in political science courses as a special student . Deficiencies usually must be made up before the student will be admitted as a regular degree student, and the work involved will be in addition to the minimum hourly requirements for the degree. Graduate Record Examination aptitude scores are required of applicants. The department may make exceptions to these requirements in unusual cases (for instance, where course work in related fields such as psychology, economics, and history, or prac tical political experience, compensate for course work defi ciencies in political science) . Master of Arts in Political Science The degree requirement shall consist of at least 25 semester hours of work at the graduate level, including at least one seminar in each of three broad areas of political science-American, foreign, and theory-and at least one additional graduate seminar in political science. The other 13 hours may be distributed among other political science seminars, the master's thesis (4 hours), and a maximum of 9 hours combined in independent study and work in cognate disciplines (but not more than 6 hours of either). Emphasis of the political science discipline at UCD is on critical perspectives, creative teaching and writing, inter disciplinary work, experiential involvement, and coopera tive research projects . Close and continuing contact among students and between faculty and students is encouraged. For further information contact Professor Joel Edelstein, 629-2616. PSYCHOLOGY The M.A. program offered on the Denver campus can be obtained with a specialty in child development, which is appropriate for persons interested in developing and Graduate School I 81 evaluating child care delivery programs from either a research or service perspective. Other specialty areas are cur rently being developed at the M.A. level. Students should obtain information on these specialties directly from the Department of Psychology. Students wishing to be admitted to the M.A. program should be familiar with the Requirements for Advanced Degrees. The GRE (verbal and quantitative) Aptitude Tests and Advanced Test in Psychology are required . In addition, faculty will base decisions for admission on a review of academic records and letters of recommendation. Both fulland part-time students are eligible for admis sion. For students seeking admission to the child develop ment specialty, undergraduate courses in statistics, child psychology, and the psychology of learning are required. Students in this specialty area are required to complete 24 hours of academic work and either a thesis or an internship in an approved agency setting. Further information can be obtained from Professor Carolyn Simmons, department representative, or Professor Linda McCabe, admissions adviser , in the Department of Psychology at UCD, 629-2646. SOCIAL SCIENCE, MASTER OF The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.) graduate degree program is designed to meet the needs of those individuals who want the flexibility to construct their own in dividualized course of studies. It is especially oriented toward interdisciplinary, urban, social action-focused edu cation in the social sciences. The program can provide (1) training for advancement in the profession of education, business, the helping pro fessions, politics, and public service; (2) a basis for further graduate studies in a specific social science discipline or professional field; (3) a means for teachers and other working students to tailor degree programs to fit their personal career development or on-the-job needs; (4) a nontradi tional option for adults re-entering the University to pur sue liberal education goals in the social sciences. It is a 36-hour program, a significant part of which may include a work related project or internship. There are both thesis and nonthesis options. There are seven par ticipating disciplinesanthropology, economics, geo graphy, history, political science, psychology, and sociology-but some work may also be done in other disciplines, e . g., education, urban studies, communication, etc. General rules for admission to the Graduate School apply. For further information contact Dr . Richard H . Ogles, Director , Master of Social Science, 629-2847 . SOCIOLOGY The M.A. degree in sociology offered at UCD has an ur ban focus with an applied emphasis. The urban sociology program is designed to complement professional degree programs in environmental design, medicine, nursing, community health, physical engineering, public and business administration, education, and fine arts by providing advanced seminars, and planning and research opportuni ties in urban theory and methodology.

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82 I University of Colorado at Denver Requirements for Admission 1. General requirements of the Graduate School. 2. A combined grade-point average of at least 3.0 for all courses taken in sociology as an undergraduate or graduate prior to admission . 3. Three let ters of recommendation . 4. A statement specifying the purpose and goal of ad vanced study. Degree Requirements 1 . Completion of a minimum of 32 semester hours of approved graduate work. 2. Completion of a project in the format of an article prepared and submitted for publication in a relevant pro fessional journal (credit hours given under Soc. 603) . 3. Sociological theory sequence-6 hours (Soc. 515 and 516) . 4 . Research methods sequence-6 hours (Soc. 507 and 508) . 5 . Area of concentracion-1 4 to 16 hours. 6. Passing of comprehensive final examination. For further informat i on contact W . I. Lou Griffith, (303) 629-2780 or 629-2616. SPANISH At present UCD offe r s no Spanish courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M . A . degree in Spanish from the University of Colorado at Boulder and to a Master of Humanities degree from UCD , depending upon degree plan approval by the appropriate graduate adviser.

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College of Liberal A rts and Scie nces Daniel Fallon, Dean INFORMATIO N ABOUT THE C OLLEG E Study of the liberal ans and sciences aims to develop hu man potential in order to bring the best of human intellect and emotion to bear on the experiences and challenges of l ife. By providing a b road educational foundation, the arts and sciences prepare students to initiate careers, to change careers in midlife, to pursue advanced study in a disci pline, to study for a professional career such as law or med icine, and, in general, to lead a rewarding and productive life . The curriculum helps students to increase substantive kn o wledge, to learn skills such as logical argument and clear expression, to gain new insights about relationships in nature and society, to develop critical thought and in terpretive ability, to solve complex problems rationally, and to heighten aesthetic appreciation . To accomplish these aims, the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences supports a vigorous interaction between fac ulty and students . A dedicated faculty with strong aca demic credentials is committed to highly motivated urban s tudents who represent a broad range of age and ex p erience. Thus, the curriculum of the College maintains traditionally high university academic standards while pro viding numerous flexible learning opportunities to meet the varied objectives of university students from the Denver metropolitan area. At the undergraduate level, the College offers a high-quality liberal educational program that also prepares students for subsequent professional and gra d uate srudy . At the graduate level, the College offers students disciplinary and broad interdisciplinary master's d egree programs which may serve as a means of beginning study toward doctoral degrees . Because st u dents are consulted and involved in the design of both undergraduate and graduate programs, the curriculum of the College reflects the concerns of Denver area students . There are many opportunities to study ur b an problems, confront contemporary issues, participate in off-campus wor king internships, and in general make use of the resources of the city. To accommodate the many students who are employed full time during the day, about half of all courses offered by the College are sched uled after 5 p.m. Many students enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to study the liberal arts and participate in the gen eral education associated with the B . A. or B.F.A. degree as an end in itself . Upon receiving a degree, some students d ecide to continue study at the graduate level. Others set aside further formal srudy and initiate careers. Because a liberal education provides a broad foundation in problem solving skills and substantive knowledge that can be widely applied, graduates of the College have begun careers in a variety of positions in industry, commerce, and govern ment. Many students also enroll in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences specifically to prepare themselves for ad mission to a professional school such as medicine or law. The faculty of the College provide instruction at the undergraduate level through three academic divisions: Arts and Humanities, Natural and Physical Sciences , and Social Sciences. Each division offers a wide variety of cur ricula including traditional undergraduate major pro grams , interdisciplinary studies, and preprofessional pro grams. The degrees offered by the College at the undergraduate level are the Bachelor of Arts (B.A . ) and Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A .). A number of degrees are offered at the graduate level. MAJOR P ROGRAM S Students can earn the Bachelor of Arts (B. A.) degree in the following areas: Anthropology Biology Chemistry Communication and theatre Economics English Ethnic studies Fine arts (srudents may study for either a B . A. or B . F . A . degree) French Geography Geology German History Mathematics (students may also choose a special computer science option) Philosophy Physics Political science Population dynamics Psychology Sociology Spanish Urban studies Writing program Special options are available for those students who would like to distribute their major program studies among two or more disciplinary majors (distributed stu dies) or who would like to propose a unique major pro gram tailored to meet a specific objective (individually structured major) . The College also provides the necessary course work t o prepare students for careers in elementary or secondary teaching, journalism, and law, as well as the following health science fields: child health associate , dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine , nurs ing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy , podiatry , and veterinary medicine.

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84 I University of Colorado at Denver Double MaJors Students may graduate with more than one major (e.g ., mathematics and French) by completing all requirements for both majors . Second Degrees Students who have been awarded a bachelor's degree (either from the College or elsewhere) may be granted a second bachelor's degree provided that (a) all general re quirements for the degree have been met; (b) the major for the second bachelor's degree is different from the major for the first; and (c) at least 30 hours are completed in this College after admission to the second degree program. Double Degrees Students may earn two degrees from two different schools or colleges of the University of Colorado simul taneously by fulfilling all requirements for both degrees. The College of Liberal Ans and Sciences requires that a student complete at least 90 liberal arts credits and 150 total credits in order to be granted two bachelor's degrees. Students planning one of these multiple programs should consult with the College Advising Office at the earliest possible date in order to get approval for a double degree program. Graduate Programs Graduate degree programs offered by the faculty of the College through the Graduate School are described in the Graduate School section of this bulletin . UCD/MSC Pooled Courses Beginning fall semester 1980, courses offered by the School ofLiberal Arts and the School of Science and Math ematics at Metropolitan State College and by the College of Liberal Ans and Sciences at the University of Colorado at Denver form a common pool of resources available to students at both institutions. University of Colorado at Denver students may register through UCD for any course in the pool offered by Metropolitan State College, and MSC students may register through MSC for a.r.1 course in this pool offered by the University of Colorado at Denver. Course titles and grades for these courses will be posted on the transcript of the student's home institution . Credit earned in these courses will apply to the total number of credits required for a bachelor's degree from either institu tion. Students should check with the appropriate academic adviser and department faculty member to make sure a particular course will count toward the specific re quirements for a degree major and/or minor. In order to fulfill the College's residency requirements, students must take approximately 25 percent of their course work from University of Colorado faculty . These re quirements are described in full under Residency Re quirements in this section. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION Entering First-Year Students Students planning to enter the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences must meet the requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin under Admis sion Policies and Procedures. Applicants to the College are considered for admission according to the following schedule .1 If: And: Then : Your Rank in Or Your High School Your ACT Combined Your Sltltus for Class Is Composite Is SAT Score Is Admission Is Upper 112 23 or higher 1,000 or higher Assured admission Upper 2/3 18-23 800 or higher Considered on an individual basis Lower 1/2 Below 18 Below 800 Considered by Admissions Committee Transfer Students Students who have attended another college or univer sity are expected to meet the general requirements for ad mission of transfer students as described in the General In formation section of this bulletin. Applicants who have been away from a college environment for more than three years will be considered on the basis of all factors available: high school record, test scores, original college admission qualifications, college performance, and interim exper iences that might suggest potential success in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. A maximum of 72 semester hours taken at a community college may be applied toward a degree in the College . ACADEMIC POLICIES Students are referred to the General Information section of this bulletin for a description of academic policies that apply to all undergraduate students at UCD . The policies which follow apply specifically to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences . Academic Ethics Students are expected to conduct themselves in accord ance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity . Therefore, the faculty assumes that term papers , repons, studio work, results of laboratory experiments, and exam inations submitted by the student represent the student's own work . Students are referred to the Statement on Aca demic Honesty of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, available from the Office of the Dean for guidance on generally acceptable limits on cooperation in the prepara tion of academic work, and for a discussion of what consti tutes academic dishonesty . Academic dishonesty, such as plagiarism or cheating, is a serious charge which , if substantiated, may result in course failure, probation , suspension, or expulsion from the University. The Academic Ethics Committee, com posed principally of faculty and students, is charged by the 1 This corresponds ro the general rcquiremenrs described in the General Information seccion, but mo r e detail is provided here for prospc:nive College of Liberal Arrs 2.nd Sciences studenrs.

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faculty of the College with considering evidence in con tested cases, determining guilt or innocence , and assessing penalties . Special rules of the committee , available from the Office of the Dean , have been designed to insure due process . Academic Advice and Information Students in the College are expected to assume there sponsibility for planning their academic programs in ac cordance with College rules and policies and major re quirements. To assist students , the College maintains an advising staff located in the East Classroom Building, Room 45, t elephone 629-2555 . Students are urged to con sult with the staff of this office concerning individual aca demic problems and progress toward their degrees . As soon as the student has determined a major, he or she must _ declare the major to a department adviser. The department adviser will be responsible not only for the stu dent's advising but also for the certification of the comple tion of the major program for graduation . Srudents planning to earn a degree from one of the pro fessional schools should see an adviser in that school. Each professional school has certain specific Pre professional health science students should see a member of the Health Careers Committee during their fust year in the College . Appointments should be made through the sciences secretary in the Science Building , Room 333, 629-2646. The College has organized a Prelaw Advising Commit tee for the purpose of advising all UCD srudents who are i nterested in careers in law. Th