Citation
Undergraduate and graduate catalog

Material Information

Title:
Undergraduate and graduate catalog
Cover title:
Catalog of undergraduate and graduate studies
Cover title:
Undergraduate and graduate studies
Creator:
University of Colorado at Denver
Place of Publication:
Denver, Colo
Publisher:
University of Colorado at Denver
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
32 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Universities and colleges -- Curricula -- Catalogs -- Colorado -- Denver ( lcsh )
Education -- Curricula ( fast )
Universities and colleges -- Curricula ( fast )
Universities and colleges -- Graduate work ( fast )
Colorado -- Denver ( fast )
Genre:
Catalogs. ( fast )
Catalogs ( fast )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title varies: 1987-88, Catalog of undergraduate and graduate studies; 1988-89, Undergraduate and graduate studies.
Statement of Responsibility:
University of Colorado at Denver.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Auraria Library
Holding Location:
Auraria Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
19093218 ( OCLC )
ocm19093218
Classification:
LD1192 .A2 ( lcc )

Related Items

Succeeded by:
University of Colorado Denver Downtown Campus catalog

Auraria Membership

Aggregations:
Auraria Library

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Full Text
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AURARIA LIBRARY
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University of Colorado at Denver 1100 Fourteenth Street Denver,'Colorado 80202 Telephone—303/556-2800
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CONTENTS
Academic Calendar...................................................................... 2
Degree Programs at a Glance ........................................................... 3
Administrative Officers ............................................................... 5
General Information................................................................... 7
Admission Policies and Procedures................................................... 9
Tuition and Fees.................................................................. 14
Financial Aid ..................................................................... 16
Registration....................................................................... 19
Academic Policies and Regulations.................................................. 20
Student Services................................................................... 24
Special Programs and Facilities ................................................... 26
Interim and Short-Term Sessions ................................................... 30
Reserve Officer Training Programs.................................................. 30
College of Business and Administration
and Graduate School of Business Administration..................................... 34
College of Design and Planning........................................................ 50
School of Education .................................................................. 59
College of Engineering and Applied Science............................................ 61
The Graduate School .................................................................. 80
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences ................................................ 101
College of Music .................................................................. 125
Graduate School of Public Affairs ...................."............................. 128
Course Descriptions ................................................................. 134
Faculty ............................................................................. 229
Index................................................................................ 238
Auraria Campus Map................................................................... 240
ARCHIVES AURARIA LIBRARY
University of Colorado Bulletin. (USPS 651-060) 262 Stadium Building, Campus Box 384,
Boulder, Colorado 80309. Volume LXXXV, No. 7, July 1,1985, General Series No. 2102.
Published one time a month by the University of Colorado. Second class postage paid at Boulder, Colorado.


2 / University of Colorado at Denver
Although this bulletin was prepared on the basis of the best information available at the time, all information (including the academic calendar, admission and graduation requirements, course offerings and course descriptions, and statements of tuition and fees) is subject to change without notice or obligation. CU-Denver is an affirmative action/equal opportunity institution. Students are advised to obtain a copy of the Schedule of Courses for the semester in which they intend to enroll for current calendars, tuition rates, requirements, deadline dates, etc.
ACADEMIC CALENDAR'
Summer 19852
Winter Session 1986 (tentative)
June 4-6 June 10 July 4 August 16
Registration.
First day of classes.
7 classes).
January 2 January 17
First day of classes.
End of Winter Session.
Spring 19862
Fall 19852
9 i
January 13-16 January 20 March 24-28

Registration.
First day of classes.
Spring vacation (no classes).
August 26-29 September 2 September 3
First day of classes.
Thanksgiving holidays (no classes). End of semester.
Registration.
Holiday (no classes).
Holiday (no classes).
First rlav nf classes.
End of semester.
November 28-29 December 20
'The University reserves the right to alter the Academic Calendar at any time. 2Consult the Schedule of Courses for application deadline dates, deadlines for changing programs (dropping and adding classes), and procedures for registration. The Spring 1986 calendar is tentative.


Degree Programs at a Glance / 3
BUSINESS
DESIGN AND PLANNING
EDUCATION
ENGINEERING
HUMANITIES
MUSIC
NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
PUBLIC AFFAIRS
SOCIAL SCIENCES
DEGREE PROGRAMS AT A GLANCE1
Baccalaureate Programs
B.S. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, information systems, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, transportation and distribution management
offered only at Boulder
teacher certification program
applied mathematics, applied mathematics and business, civil engineering, civil engineering and business, computer science, computer science and business, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and business, mechanical engineering, mechanical engineering and business
communication, creative arts, English, fine arts, French, German, philosophy, Spanish, theatre, writing program
music
biology, chemistry, geography, geology, mathematics, physics, psychology
anthropology, economics, history, political science, sociology
Master's Programs
M.B.A. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, management science/information systems, marketing, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, transportation and distribution management, and executive M.B.A. program M.S.: accounting, finance, health administration, management and organization, management science and information systems, marketing
architecture, architecture in urban design, interior design, landscape architecture, planning and community development
early childhood education, educational psychology, elementary education, foundations, guidance and counseling, initial certification program, library media, reading, secondary education, special education
applied mathematics, civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, engineering, environmental science, mechanical engineering
communication, English, humanities, technical communications, theatre (also doctorate in communication and English)
basic science, biology, chemistry, environmental science, geography, mathematics, psychology (also doctorate in biology)
criminal justice, public administration (also doctorate in public administration)
anthropology, economics, history, political science, social science, sociology
'Courses in many other undergraduate and graduate areas are offered at CU-Denver, but degrees must be completed at the University of Colorado at Boulder or at the Health Sciences Center. CU-Denver also offers preprofessional programs in law, journalism, and the health careers (child health associate, dental hygiene, dentistry, medical technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, pharmacy, physical therapy, and veterinary medicine).


4 / University of Colorado at Denver
UNDERGRADUATE AND NON-DEGREE STUDENT ADMISSION INFORMATION12-3
Type of Applicant Criferia for Admission2 Required Credentials When to Apply Notes
FRESHMAN IN GENERAL: Complete application Not later than: (Students seeking bachelor's a) Rank in upper half of high $20 application fee July 22 for fall degree who have never school graduating class. Official high school transcript Dec. 1 for spring attended a collegiate b) Have 16 units of accept- showing rank-in-class, date May 3 for summer institution) able high school work. of graduation, 7th semester Seniors who meet or exceed c) Test scores: grades, 8th semester courses all admission criteria may ACT comp: 23 Official ACT or SAT score apply as early as Oct. 1 for or report. following fall. SAT comb: 1000 Note: Business and Engineering applicants are expected to have higher test scores and class rank. For specific requirements refer to the college sections of this bulletin. For example, Music requires an audition.
TRANSFER1 (Students seeking a bachelor’s degree who have attended a collegiate institution other than CU) IN GENERAL: Must be in good standing and eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Applicants must have minimum 2.0 GPA on all work attempted. Business and Engineering applicants will be required to have a higher GPA. Complete application $20 application fee Two official transcripts sent from each college attended. Not later than: July 22 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 3 for summer Transfers to the School of Education consult that section for additional requirements. Liberal Arts and Music tranfers with less than 12 sem. hrs. of college work, Business transfers with less than 45 sem. hrs., and Engineering transfers with less than 24 sem. hrs. must also submit all freshman credentials.
NON-DEGREE (Students who are not seeking a degree at this institution) Must be high school graduate or have a G.E.D. Complete application $5 application fee Not later than: July 22 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 3 for summer Applications will also be accepted after these deadlines if space allows. Non-degree students who have earned a baccalaureate degree see Graduate School section for additional information.
RETURNING CU STUDENT (Returning non-degree and degree students who have not attended another institution since CU) Must be in good standing Former student application Not later than: July 22 for fall4 Dec. 1 for spring4 May 3 for summer4 Students under academic suspension in certain schools or colleges at the University of Colorado may enroll during the summer terms as a means of improving their grade-point averages. Returning CU students will be admitted to their previous major unless a new major is requested.
FORMER CU STUDENT (Degree students who have attended another institution since attending CU) Same as for transfers Complete application $20 application fee Two offiical transcripts from each intervening college Not later than: July 22 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 3 for summer Will be admitted to previous major unless a different major is requested on application.
CHANGE OF STATUS: NON-DEGREE TO DEGREE (CU non-degree students who wish to enter a degree program) Same as for transfers Complete application $20 application fee CU transcript Not later than: |uly 22 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 3 for summer
CHANGE OF STATUS: DEGREE TO NON-DEGREE (Former CU degree students who have graduated and wish to take additional work) Must have completed degree Non-degree student application $5 application fee Not later than: July 22 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 3 for summer Only students who have completed and received degrees are eligible to change to non-degree status.
INTERCAMPUS TRANSFER (Students who have been enrolled on one CU campus and wish to take courses on another) Must be in good standing Former student application Transfer to Denver, not later than: July 22 for fall Dec. 1 for spring May 3 for summer Transfer from Denver: refer to bulletin for other campus. Transfers from Denver to another campus of CU should refer to appropriate bulletin for additional requirements. Will be admitted to previous major unless a different major is requested on application.
INTRAUNIVERSITY TRANSFER (Students who wish to change from one CU college to another, e.g., from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to the College of Business) Same as for transfers. Must be a continuing student enrolled on the campus to which you are applying. Intrauniversity transfer application CU transcript 60 days prior to the beginning of the term
'Applications will be accepted only as long as openings remain. Requirements for individual schools or colleges may vary. 'Foreign students see International Students in the Admissions section of this bulletin. Preferred deadline.


Administrative Officers / 5
ADMINISTRATION Board of Regents
CHARLES M. ABERNATHY, M.D., Montrose, term expires 1989
RICHARD J. BERNICK, Denver, term expires 1987 PETER C. DIETZE, Boulder, term expires 1991 LYNN ELLINS, Longmont, term expires 1991 HUGH C. FOWLER, Denver, term expires 1989 SANDY F. KRAEMER, Colorado Springs, term expires 1989 NORWOOD ROBB, Denver, term expires 1991 ROY H. SHORE, Greeley, term expires 1987 DAVID K. SUNDERLAND, Colorado Springs, term expires 1987
University-Wide Officers
ARNOLD R. WEBER, President of the University; Professor of Economics, UCB; Professor of Public Affairs, UCD. B.A., M.A., University of Illinois; Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
C. WILLIAM FISCHER, Vice President for Budget and Finance; Professor Attendant Rank of Public Affairs. B.A., Muskingum College; M.P.A., Harvard University.
HUNTER RAWLINGS, Acting Vice President for Academic Affairs; Professor of Classics. B.A., Haverford College; Ph.D., Princeton University.
OLIVER M. SHERMAN, Vice President for External Affairs. THEO. VOLSKY, JR., Vice President for Administration; Professor of Psychology. B.S., M.S., Kansas State University; Ph.D., University of Minnesota.
H.H. ARNOLD, Executive Secretary of the Board of Regents and of the University. B.A., LL.B., University of Colorado. EDWARD W. MURROW, Assistant Vice President for Finance and Treasurer. B.S., University of Colorado.
CU-Denver Officers
DWAYNEC.NUZUM, Acting Chancellor; Professorof Architecture. AIA, AICP. B. Arch., University of Colorado; M. (Arch.), Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Doctoral (Town Planning), Delft Technical University (The Netherlands). Registered Architect: Colorado, Virginia.
JOHN G. WEIHAUPT, Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs; Professor of Geology. B.S., M.S., University of Wisconsin, Madison; M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. JOSEPH J. GEIGER, Vice Chancellor for Administration and Finance; Associate Professor of Public Affairs. B.S., M.B.A., Ed.D., University of Colorado.
DAVID GREENFIELD, Associate Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs; Dean, The Graduate School; Professor of Biology.
B.A., California State University; Ph.D., University of Washington.
BRUCE W. BERGLAND, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs; Associate Professor of Education. B.S., Iowa State University; Ph.D., Stanford University.
CU-Denver Academic Officers
FERNIE BACA, Acting Assistant Dean for Research, The Graduate School; Associate Professor of Education, B.A., University of Northern Colorado; M.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado.
PAUL E. BARTLETT, Resident Dean, College of Engineering and Applied Science; Professor of Civil Engineering. B.S. (C.E), B.S. (Bus.), M.S. (C.E.), University of Colorado. Professional Engineer: Colorado.
BETTIE R. HELSER, Acting Dean, School of Education; Associate Professor of Education. B.S.E., M.L.S., M.S., Kansas State Teachers College; Ed.D., University of Colorado.
MARSHALL KAPLAN, Dean, Graduate School of Public Affairs; Professor of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., Boston University; M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
SHIRLEY W. JOHNSTON, Acting Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; Associate Professor of English. B.A., M.A., University of Denver; Ph.D., University of New Mexico.
ROY PRITTS, Acting Resident Dean, College of Music; Associate Professor of Music. B.Mus.Ed., M.A., University of Denver. Member and Education Committee, Audio Engineering Society. DANIEL J. SCHLER, Acting Dean, College of Design and Planning; Professor of Planning and Community Development. B.D., Eden Seminary; B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Missouri. DONALD L. STEVENS, Resident Dean, College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration; Professor of Finance. B.A., M.B.A., Ph.D., Michigan State University.
GEORGE H. WAYNE, Acting Dean of Student Academic Services. B.A., University of Nebraska; M.P.A., University of Colorado; M.A., Ed.D., University of Denver.
CU-Denver Administrative Officers
GEORGE AUTOBEE, Acting Director of Affirmative Action; B.A., University of Southern Colorado; M.A., University of Northern Colorado.
BARBARA BARROW, Director, Office of Public Information and Publications. B.S., University of Wisconsin; M.A., University of Colorado.
WILLIAM D. BOUB, Director, Division of Continuing Education. B.S., Kansas State Teachers College; M.S., University of Illinois.
PATRICIA SENN BREIVIK, Director, Auraria Library; Professor. B.A., Brooklyn College; M.L.S., Pratt Institute; D.L.S., Columbia University.
GEORGE L. BURNHAM, Director, Office of Admissions and Records. B.A., William Jewell College; M.A., University of Kansas City.
JANICE A. CASSIN, Director, Budget Office. B.A., M.P.A., State University of New York.
WILLARD R. CHAPPELL, Director, Center for Environmental Sciences; Professor of Physics. M.A., Harvard University; B.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado.
LIZA EILERS, Acting Director, Women’s Center. B.S., Missouri State University; M.A., University of Colorado.
GEORGE E. FUNKEY, Director, Computing Services. B.S., M.S., Michigan Technological University.
CECIL E. GLENN, Director, Educational Opportunity Programs. B.S., Tennesee A & 1 State University; M.A., Northeastern Illinois State College; Ed.D., University of Colorado.
GEORGE GREER, Director, Veteran’s Affairs. B.A., Metropolitan State College.


6 / University of Colorado at Denver
GEORGE H. HAGEVIK, Director, Institute for Urban and Public Policy Research; Associate Professor Attendant Rank of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., University of Washington; Ph.D., University of North Carolina.
RALPH E. HENARD, Director, Academic Planning. B.D., Hartford Seminary; B.A., Adrian College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado.
KENNETH E. HERMAN, Director of Finance and Controller. B.S. (Bus.), University of Colorado.
KATHY R. JACKSON, Director, Academic Center for Enrichment, B.A., Trenton State College; M.A., University of Northern Colorado.
ROBERT M. L1TCHARD, Director, Development and Alumni. B.S., M.S., Springfield College.
MAUREEN McDONALD, Alumni Coordinator and Director of the Annual Fund. B.A., Washington University, St. Louis. JANET L. MICHALSK1, Director, Center for Internships and Cooperative Education. B.A., M.A., Wayne State University. ELL1E MILLER, Director, Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. B.A., University of Colorado.
T. MICHAEL SMITH, Director, Center for Community Development and Design. B.S., University of Colorado.


THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER: AN URBAN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS
The University of Colorado at Denver (CU-Denver) is one of four campuses of the University of Colorado. The urban, nonresi-dential campus is located in downtown Denver and is easily accessible to commuters. It is close to major business and government offices in downtown Denver, as well as to civic and cultural centers. CU-Denver is one of the largest state-supported institutions of higher education in Colorado, with an average of 11,500 students enrolled during a semester. Many students work full time or part time while pursuing degrees because of the availability of part-time education.
The CU-Denver Administration Building is located at 1100 Fourteenth Street, although several of the administrative offices are located at 1250 14th Street, one block north. CU-Denver shares library, laboratory, classroom, and recreation facilities with the Denver Auraria Community College and Metropolitan State College on the Auraria Higher Education Center campus.
Academic Programs
CU-Denver is committed to meeting the needs of the metropolitan Denver community. Academic, public service, and research activities are geared to the demands of the urban population and environment. Both traditional and uniquely urban fields of study are available. Students enrolled at CU-Denver can earn undergraduate degrees in some 40 fields and graduate degrees in some 56 fields. The colleges and schools are:
College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration
College of Design and Planning
School of Education
College of Engineering and Applied Science
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
College of Music
Graduate School
Graduate School of Public Affairs
CU-Denver has kept pace with demand for education which leads to improved professional opportunity in the Information Age. Many programs emphasize practical business world applications, and all CU-Denver students are given the opportunity to attain computer literacy. Specific computer-oriented academic programs are offered in the Computer Science (Engineering), Applied Mathematics (Liberal Arts and Sciences), and Information Systems (Business) programs.
The undergraduate colleges admit freshman and transfer students and offer programs leading to the baccalaureate degree in the arts, sciences, humanities, business, engineering, and music. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences also provides pre-professional training in the fields of education, law, journalism, and the health sciences (i.e., pre-medical, dental, nursing, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine). The School of Education offers programs leading to teacher certification. The Graduate School offers master’s programs in the arts, sciences, humanities, engineering, business, education, and music to students with baccalaureate degrees. At the present time Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the corresponding Boulder campus department. However, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver, and the research adviser may be a member of the CU-Denver faculty. The College of Design and Planning, the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs provide programs leading to the master’s degree in their specialized areas. The Graduate School of Public Affairs also offers a doctorate in public administration.
For complete bachelor’s and master’s degree programs offered by CU-Denver, see the Degree Programs at a Glance chart at the beginning of this bulletin.
The college and school sections of this bulletin describe specific policies on requirements for graduation, course requirements for various majors, course load policies, and similar information. Course offerings appear in a separate section of this bulletin.
Students
Highly motivated people from all walks of life make up CU-Denver’s student body. The diversity of backgrounds, interests, occupations, and ages stimulates a unique learning experience for the men and women enrolled at CU-Denver. Students range in age from 16 to 70. Approximately two-thirds of the students hold full-time jobs and 67 percent are enrolled at the upper division or graduate levels. In order to give students maximum flexibility in planning both educational and employment goals, more than half of the courses are offered during the evening hours. Students may begin studies in most areas at the beginning of the fall or spring semester, or the summer term.
University of Colorado System
As one of four campuses of the University of Colorado, CU-Denver has a special role and mission in Colorado higher education. The University was founded in Boulder in 1876, and the


8 / University of Colorado at Denver
University of Colorado at Boulder now serves over 22,000 students enrolled in undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. The Health Sciences Center in Denver provides education and training to medical, dental, nursing, and allied health personnel. The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs serves more than 5,500 students in the Pikes Peak region, offering undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. CU-Denver’s special role within the University system is to provide urban-oriented educational programs for students in the Denver metropolitan area. Emphasis is on professional and pre-professional training.
CU-Denver students have access to the library resources of all campuses and cultural events sponsored within the University system.
The official transcript of any student who first enrolled in the spring semester 1978 or afterwards and who graduates from an undergraduate program at CU-Denver will indicate that the degree was conferred at Denver.
Faculty and Accreditation
More than 280 highly qualified faculty members teach full time at CU-Denver; 83 percent have doctoral degrees. The faculty is alert to the challenges of the urban environment and responsive to the needs of the commuter student. CU-Denver is accredited by or holds membership in the following organizations;
ACCREDITATION
North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools Accrediting Commission on Education for Health Services Administration
American Society of Landscape Architects The College of Design and Planning is recognized by the American Planning Association
National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education National Architectural Accrediting Board See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for the programs accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology National Association of Schools of Music National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration
MEMBERSHIP
Association of Urban Universities American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning
Council of University Institutes for Urban Affairs American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education
Auraria Higher Education Center
The Auraria Higher Education Center is the site for the University of Colorado at Denver, Metropolitan State College, and the Denver Auraria Community College. The three institutions share library, classroom, and related facilities on the Auraria campus, a 171-acre site in downtown Denver. Certain courses and programs are cooperatively offered.
On the Auraria campus are administrative and classroom buildings, the Auraria Library, the student center, book center,
child care and development centers, physical education facilities, science building, and service buildings.
The new buildings share the campus with reminders of Denver’s past — historic Ninth Street Park, restored church buildings, and the Tivoli brewery built in 1882. The Tivoli has been newly renovated into a complex containing specialty shops, restaurants, and entertainment.
Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity
The University of Colorado at Denver adheres to a policy of equal opportunity in education and in employment.
In pursuit of this policy, no CU-Denver department, unit, discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed, color, age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the University affecting present and prospective students or employees.
The institution’s educational programs, activities, and services, offered to students and/or employees are administered on a non-discriminatory basis subject to the provisions of Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
A CU-Denver Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Program has been established to implement this policy. For information about these provisions on equity, discrimination, or fairness, consult the Affirmative Action/Equal Employment Opportunity Director at CU-Denver.
Research and Public Service
Academic programs, public service, and research activities at CU-Denver are oriented toward the needs of the urban population and environment, and to concerns and issues of importance to Colorado and the region. Activities in research and public service encompass both traditional and nontraditional fields of study, but predominantly focus on issues that are related to Colorado needs.
During 1983-84, CU-Denver faculty received awards totaling $1,656,308 for research and public service programs. These dollars, from public and private sources, support research and public service work which is of direct benefit to the State of Colorado. Such activities have brought CU-Denver into close working relationships with representatives of city, county, and state government units, as well as many individual citizens.
Current research activity covers such diverse areas as geotechnical engineering, environmental sciences, bilingual teacher training, early childhood/special education, community development and design, cooperative education programs, minority education projects, seminars for executives in state and local government, and health administration.
The graduate health administration program in the Graduate School of Business Administration is fulfilling the growing need for health care managers who are capable of managing and directing health care institutions, as well as recognizing the implications of their decisions for the broader system of delivery in the community. Under investigation is the synthesis of management concepts and techniques that are applicable to any economic organization, and tools that can be specifically applied to health and health service systems. This research emphasizes skills which heighten basic analytic and decision-making processes used by top level managers in the health care field.


General Information / 9
In engineering, faculty are looking at soil behavior as it relates to earthquakes, dams, waterways, winds and oceanic activity. They also are contributing to design and safety plans in mine structures for oil shale processing, construction techniques which would lengthen the life and serviceability of highways, numerical solutions to partial differential equations, and neuromagnetism.
Natural and physical sciences faculty are investigating the gas phase and related studies of organosilicon compounds, lead effects on the nervous system, a cellular analysis, neural mechanisms of behavioral plasticity, volcanic geology of Marie Byrd Land and its relationships to glacial and tectonic history in west Antarctica, and the paleoecological investigation of the Mintum Formation, Colorado, which involves the study of old marine sediments and their contained marine fossils. The objective is to complete the reconstruction of certain marine habitats and to document deposits showing the transition from the marine environment to land and to establish a picture of zonation in ancient habitats.
CU-Denver has recently developed a strong research program in applied mathematics. Mathematics Clinics investigate contemporary societal issues through the application of mathematical concepts to specific problems. Other research includes the development of fast algorithms for the numerical solution of PDEs on super computers, the analysis and development of combinatorial algorithms used in scheduling artificial intelligence, and the applications of discrete mathematics to-problems in ecology, engineering, and computer science.
The Center for Environmental Sciences has been in operation since 1970. Research projects currently underway include the acidification status of Colorado lakes, the development of a quality control protocol for application in pattern recognition in simplifying the task of environmental analysis, nutrient composition data, and ongoing projects in oil shale, pollution of ground-water by uranium tailings, and ideas for renovating wastewater. This work greatly influences Colorado development issues, and is conducted in close communication with industry and various public interest groups in order to consider environmental issues in a complete context.
The Center for Community Development and Design continues to be a major public service outreach resource for CU-Denver. The Center provides expertise in the areas of design, planning, and community development, as well as public service, applied research, and educational and technical assistance to local governments and community organizations in Denver and throughout Colorado. Projects which have been undertaken include technical assistance to merchants’ associations and small businesses in Denver’s older neighborhoods, mainstreet redevelopment, design communication processes for the visually impaired, Denver’s energy demonstration program, growth impact studies, economic development strategies, and recreational plans. The communities and neighborhoods, students and faculty work together to help community leaders plan for solutions and ways to fund needed projects. As a result, the community receives the guidance it needs, and CU-Denver’s academic programs in the College of Design and Planning are enriched by the practical involvement of students in these projects.
The Center for the Improvement of Public Management and the Center for Public-Private Sector Cooperation were established by the University to fulfill a vital public need. That is, both
are helping the public and private sectors convert environmental, energy, and economic development conflicts into opportunities for the state and its residents. The Center for the Improvement of Public Management is focusing its efforts on increasing the management and analytical skills of state/county and local government officials and staff. The Center for Public-Private Sector Cooperation is directing its activities toward increasing understanding between the public/pri vate sector, by fostering a range of collaborative efforts between state/local government and private firms.
I. ADMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
All questions and correspondence regarding admission to CU-Denver and requests for application forms should be directed to:
Office of Admissions and Records University of Colorado at Denver P.O. Box 1469 Denver, CO 80201-1469 (303) 556-2660
General Policies
CU-Denver seeks to identify applicants who are likely to complete an academic program successfully. Admission decisions are based on many factors, the most important being:
1. Level of previous academic performance.
2. Evidence of scholarly ability and accomplishment, as indicated by scores on national aptitude tests.
3. Maturity, motivation, and potential for academic growth. CU-Denver reserves the right to deny admission to new applicants or readmission to former students whose total credentials indicate an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University in order to carry out its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution.
Applicants who request degree programs unavailable at CU-Denver will be considered for admission to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences with an undetermined major.
Admission of Undergraduate Degree Students
RECEIPT OF DOCUMENTS DEADLINES
Undergraduate Fall Spring Summer
Students 1985 1986 1986
New Students July 22 Dec. 1 May 3
Transfer Students July 22 Dec. 1 May 3
International Students May 29 Oct. 30 March 12
Former University of Colorado Students luly 22 Dec. 1 May 3
Intrauniversity
Transfer Students 60 days prior to the beginning of the term
The University reserves the right to change documents/credentials deadlines in accordance with enrollment demands. Applicants should apply as early as possible. Updated information is available from the Office of Admissions and Records (303) 556-2660. ALL documents required for admission must be received by the Office of Admissions and Records by the DEADLINE for an applicant to be considered for the term desired. Applicants who are unable to meet the deadline may elect to have admission consideration made for a later


10 / University of Colorado at Denver
term. Transfer students are reminded that sufficient time should be allowed to have transcripts sent from institutions attended previously, and foreign students are advised that it usually takes 120 days for credentials to reach the Office of Admissions and Records from international locations.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR FRESHMEN
New freshmen may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music.
1. General Requirements.' The applicant must be a high school graduate or have been awarded a High School Equivalency Certificate by completing the General Education Development (GED) Test. Applicants with a High School Equivalency Certificate must have an average standard score of 45 with no one score below 36 on each section of the GED test to be considered for admission. Applicants who have completed the Spanish Language General Educational Development Test must also submit scores from Test VI, “English as a Second Language.”
Applicants should have completed a minimum of 15 units of acceptable secondary school (grades 9-12) credit. Students applying for admission to the Colleges of Engineering and Business must have completed a minimum of 16 units of acceptable sec-ondry school credit. A unit of credit is one year of high school course work. While the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences does not specify particular units, the other undergraduate colleges have the following requirements:
College of Business and Administration
English (one year of speech/debate and two years of composition are strongly
recommended).......................................................4
Mathematics (including at least two years of algebra and one year
of geometry).......................................................4
Natural sciences (laboratory type).................................2
Social sciences (including history)................................2
Electives .........................................................4
(Additional courses in English, foreign language, mathematics, natural or social sciences, not to include business courses.)
Total 16
School or College (total units) English Mathe- matics Natural Science Social Science Foreign Language Other
Business (16) 4a 4 3b 2 2 1 unit of academic elective (not including high school business courses)
Engineering (16) 4 4C 3d 2 2 1 unit of academic elective
Liberal Arts and Sciences (14) 4 3 3 2 2
Music (15) 4 3 3 2 2 1 unit in the Arts
“includes two units of composition and one unit of oral communications '’includes two units of laboratory science includes one unit of trigonometry and analytical geometry dincludes one unit of physics and one unit of chemistry. Total Natural Science requirement must include two units of laboratory science.
College of Engineering and Applied Science2
English (literature, composition, grammar)............................ 4
Mathematics distributed as follows:
Algebra ........................................................... 2
Geometry .......................................................... 1
Additional mathematics (trigonometry recommended) ................. 1
Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended).................. 2
Social studies and humanities
(Foreign languages and additional units of English, history,
and literature are included) ...................................... 3
Electives ............................................................ 3
Total 16
College of Music
English............................................................... 3
Theoretical music .......................................
Physical science.........................................
Social science .......................................... 1 8
Foreign language.........................................
Mathematics..................................................
Additional high school academic units................................__4
Total 15
'Beginning in the Fall Semester 1988, freshmen entering the University of Colorado will be required to meet the following University-wide minimum academic preparation: 4 years of English (with emphasis on composition), 3 years of college preparatory mathematics (excluding business and consumer mathematics), 3 years of natural science including one year of U.S. or world history,, and 2 years of a single foreign language. The University of Colorado at Denver will require units of credit indicated in the following chart:
2See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for more specific information, and for new high school requirements effective Fall 1987.


General Information /ll
It is expected that all students will have had previous experience in an applied music area. Two years of piano training are recommended.
The College of Music requires an audition of all entering freshmen and undergraduate transfer students. In lieu of the personal audition, applicants may substitute tape recordings (about 10 minutes in length) with a statement of excellence by a qualified teacher. Interested students should write to the College of Music, CU-Denver, for audition information and applications.
2. All Applicants. All applicants who meet the above requirements are classified in two ways for admission purposes:
a. Preferred consideration is given to applicants who rank in the upper half of their high school graduating class and have a composite score of 23 or higher on the American College Test (ACT), or a combined score of 1000 or higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). However, business and engineering applicants are expected to have a strong mathematics and science background, higher class rank and higher test scores. Music applicants also must successfully pass a music audition.
b. Applicants who rank in the lower half of their high schol graduating class, and/or have combined SAT scores below 1000 or a composite ACT score below 23, and/or do not have 15 units of acceptable high school credit are reviewed on an individual basis.
How to Apply
1. Students should obtain an Application for Undergraduate Admission from their Colorado high school counselor or the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records.
2. The application must be completed in full and sent to the Office of Admissions and Records. A $20 (subject to change) nonrefundable application fee must accompany the application. An applicant who is granted admission, but who is unable to enroll for the term applied for, will have the $20 fee valid for 12 months, provided the applicant informs Admissions and Records that he or she intends to enroll for a later term.
3. Students are required to have their high school send an official1 transcript of their high school grades, including class rank, to the Office of Admissions and Records.
4. Students also are required to take either the American College Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and request that test scores be sent to CU-Denver (ACT code 0533 or SAT code R-4875). High school students may obtain information from their counselors regarding when and where tests are given. Applicants who took one of these tests earlier and did not designate CU-Denver to receive scores must request the testing agency to send scores to CU-Denver. This is done by completing a Request for Additional Score Report available at test centers or from the offices listed below.
Registration Department
American College Testing Program (ACT)
P.O. Box 414
Iowa City, Iowa 52240
College Entrance Examination Board (SAT)
P.O. Box 592
Princeton, New jersey 08540
College Entrance Examination Board (SAT)
P.O. Box 1025
Berkeley, California 94704
5. Students who did not graduate from high school are required to send a copy of their GED test scores and GED certificate to the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records.
All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on fde.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS
Transfer students may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration, Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. Students interested in the field of education should contact the School of Education office for information (556-2717). International students see that heading in this section of the bulletin.
Transfer students are given priority consideration for admission as follows:
1. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and College of Music. Transfer applicants must have at least a 2.0 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Course work in progress cannot be used in calculating the cumulative average. Music applicants also must pass successfully a music audition. Contact the College of Music for audition information (556-2727).
2. College of Business and Administration. Applicants to the College of Business must have at least a 2.6 cumulative grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Students must have earned a C (2.0) or better in all business courses completed. Preferred consideration is given to transfer applicants who have completed more than 45 semester credit hours for business at an institution of university rank or who have completed at least 45 semester credit hours (68 quarter hours) at a two-year college or a four-year state college.
3. College of Engineering and Applied Science. Applicants to the College of Engineering should have at least a 2.75 cumulative grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted, should have completed two semesters of calculus and physics, and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended.
Important Note: Applicants who do not meet the above grade-point average or credit hour requirements will still be considered for admission, but on an individual basis.
The primary factors used when considering students individually are (1) probability of success in the academic program to which admission is desired: (2) the quality of prior academic work; (3) age, maturity, and noncollegiate achievements: and (4) time elapsed since last attendance at previous colleges.
How to Apply
1. The student should obtain a transfer application from the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records.
'Official transcripts are those sent by the issuing institution directly to the Office of Admissions at CU-Denver. Hand-carried copies are not official.


12 / University of Colorado at Denver
2. The application form must be completed and returned to the Office of Admissions and Records with the required $20' nonre-fundable application fee.
3. The student is required to have two official* 2 transcripts sent to the Office of Admissions and Records from each collegiate institution attended. If a student is currently enrolled, a transcript listing all courses except those taken in the final term should be sent. Another transcript must be submitted after completion of the final term. (Transcripts from foreign institutions must be presented in the original language and accompanied by a certified literal English translation.)
Liberal arts and music applicants with fewer than 12 semester hours (18 quarter hours) of college work completed also must submit a high school transcript and ACT or SAT test scores. ALL business and engineering applicants with fewer than 24 semester hours also must submit high school transcripts nnd ACT/SAT scores (regardless of the number of semester hours completed).
Applicants to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences should be aware that the College requires elementary proficiency in a foreign language for graduation. Applicants to the College have fulfilled this requirement if they have completed three years of any classical or modern foreign language in high school and present a high school transcript to the College Advising Office for verification. For further information, students should contact the College Advising Office, 556-2555.
All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file.
Transfer of College-Level Credit
The Office of Admissions and Records and the appropriate academic unit will determine which courses taken at another institution can be applied to a degree program at CU-Denver after all official transcripts have been received and the applicant has been admitted as a degree student. In general, transfer credit will be accepted insofar as it meets the degree, grade, and residence requirements at CU-Denver.
College-level credit may be transferred to the University if it was earned at a college or university of recognized standing, by advanced placement examinations, or in military service or schooling as recommended by the Commission on Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education; if a grade of C or higher was attained; and if the credit is for courses appropriate to the degree sought at this institution. Courses taken Pass/Fail are transferred when a grade of C or higher is required to pass.
The University may accept up to 72 semester credits (108 quarter hours) of work from a two-year institution toward the baccalaureate degree requirements and may accept up to 112 semester credits (153 quarter hours) from a four-year college or university. No credit is allowed for vocational/technical, remedial, or religious/doctrinal work. A maximum of 60 semester credits of extension and correspondence work (not to include more than 30 semester credits of correspondence) may be allowed if the above conditions are met.
The College of Business and Administration generally limits transfer credit for business courses taken at the lower division level. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. A maximum of 60 semester hours (90 quarter hours) of work from a two-year institution may be applied
toward baccalaureate degree requirements. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability, and business courses may not be taken through correspondence.
The College of Music requires that 56 of the hours needed for graduation be completed in residence. This total may be reduced by the faculty on the basis of excellent work done at CU-Denver and high scholarship exhibited at previous institutions attended. In no case shall the minimum be fewer than 40 hours distributed over three semesters.
Readmission Requirements for Former CU Students
CU-Denver students who have not registered and attended classes at CU-Denver for one year or longer are former students and must formally apply for readmission. Former student application forms are available at the Office of Admissions and Records.
Former students who have attended another college or university since last attending the University of Colorado must apply as transfer students and meet the transfer student Receipt of Documents deadlines. This requires payment of the $20' application fee and submission of official transcripts from all previously attended colleges and universities. Transcripts should be sent to CU-Denver, Admissions Processing, P.O. Box 1469, Denver, CO 80201-1469.
Students who last attended less than one year ago but attended another college or university during the interim are required to pay a $20 transfer application fee. Transcripts must be requested by the student and sent by the registrar of the other institution(s) to CU-Denver Evaluation Processing, P.O. Box 1469, Denver, CO 80201-1469.
International Students
International Students are those students who require an “1-20” for attendance at CU-Denver. All international students, in addition to the requirements for domestic students, must comply with the requirements outlined in this section. All international student applicants must (a) have earned a cumulative grade-point average of 2.75 or higher on all college work attempted, and (b) be eligible for readmission at all collegiate institutions previously attended. Further, international student applicants who are citizens of non-English speaking nations also must complete at least one full academic year (36 quarter hours or 24 semester hours) at another accredited collegiate institution located within the U.S. These studies must include at least 6 semester hours of English composition. English courses for foreign students or ESL programs are not acceptable. TOEFL scores will be required when educational records do not indicate adequate proficiency in the English language. TOEFL scores must be 500 or higher to be accepted as proof of English language proficiency.
Applicants for the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences who have TOEFL scores of 525 or higher and who have outstanding academic records may be considered for Admission without the
'Subject to change.
2Official transcripts are those sent by the issuing institution directly to the Office of Admissions at CU-Denver. Hand-carried copies are not official.


General Information / 13
above requirements of one full academic year at another accredited institution located within the U.S. However, those students who have never attended college in the U.S. or another country will be required to take the ACT or SAT college entrance examinations. A detailed list of credentials and documents that are required to support the application for admission for international students is contained in the application package for international applicants. International student applicants should not use the standard undergraduate application form, but should use only the International Student Application for Undergraduate Admission which is provided by the Office of Admissions. Applications received after deadline dates will be returned.
Graduate. International students who desire graduate study at CU-Denver must possess an American baccalaureate (undergraduate) degree, or its equivalent, and fulfill other requirements as designated by the graduate program to which they are applying. Applications can be obtained from the individual graduate schools. Application and credentials should be presented to the individual graduate school 6 months prior to the term for which the student is applying.
International students must be in a degree-seeking status. Nondegree status is not available for fall or spring semesters.
CU-Denver Intrauniversity Transfer or Change of Campus
CU-Denver students may change colleges or schools within CU-Denver provided they are accepted by the college or school to which they wish to transfer. CU-Denver Intrauniversity Transfer Forms may be obtained from the Office of Admissions and Records. Students should observe application deadlines indicated in the current Schedule of Courses. Decisions on intrauniversity transfers are made by the college or school to which the student wishes to transfer.
CU-Denver students may change campuses by applying directly to the Admissions Office of the University of Colorado campus to which they wish to transfer. Change of Campus applications and deadline information also must be obtained from the campus to which the student is applying.
Music students must pass an audition for the College of Music.
Admission of Graduate Degree Students
All correspondence and questions regarding admission to the graduate programs at CU-Denver should be directed to the following:
Programs in Business
Office of Graduate Studies
Graduate School of Business Administration
623-4436
Programs in Design and Planning College of Design and Planning 556-2877
Programs in Public Affairs Graduate School of Public Affairs 556-2825
All Other Programs The Graduate School 556-2663
GRADUATE PROGRAMS
As a principal part of its mission, CU-Denver offers graduate-and professional-level programs for the convenience of metro Denver residents. During the 1984-85 academic year, approximately 39 percent of the student body was enrolled at the graduate level.
Graduate degree programs are offered through The Graduate School by its member schools and colleges (School of Education, College of Engineering and Applied Science, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, College of Music), and outside The Graduate School by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the College of Design and Planning and The Graduate School of Public Affairs. The particular admission and graduation requirements established by each of these academic units are detailed in the following sections of this bulletin.
GRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION DEADLINES
Admission requirements and application deadlines vary according to the individual graduate program. The Graduate School has general admission requirements which are supplemented by specific requirements of the major departments of graduate study (e.g., electrical engineering, education, English, etc.). Applicants in the fields of education, engineering, and the arts, sciences, and humanities should consult the general information section of The Graduate School portion of this bulletin as well as the following sections dealing with requirements and deadlines for specific programs. Applicants in the fields of business administration, public affairs, and design and planning should refer to the sections of this bulletin on the Graduate School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Public Affairs, and the College of Design and Planning.
High School Concurrent Enrollment
High school juniors and seniors with proven academic abilities may be admitted to CU-Denver with special approval for one term only. Credit for courses taken may subsequently be applied toward a University degree program. For more information and application instructions, contact the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records (303-556-2660).
Admission of Non-degree Students
All correspondence and questions regarding admission as a non-degree student should be directed to the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records.
Persons desiring admission as non-degree students for the purpose of teacher certification should contact the School of Education, 556-2717.
REQUIREMENTS FOR NON-DEGREE STUDENT ADMISSION Undergraduate Level
Persons who want to take University courses but do not plan to work toward a University of Colorado degree may be admitted as non-degree students. Courses taken as a non-degree student are credited and can be used for transfer to other institutions or for professional improvement. Persons who do not have an undergraduate degree are encouraged to apply to an undergraduate degree program rather than apply as non-degree students. CU-


14 / University of Colorado at Denver
Denver will enroll persons without an undergraduate degree as non-degree students.1 Persons with a baccalaureate degree who seek renewal of certification may be admitted as non-degree students. Non-degree students must maintain a grade-point average of 2.0 at CU-Denver.
Non-degree status is not available to international students for fall and spring semesters.
Graduate Level
Students who are not accepted to specific degree programs may enroll for course work as non-degree students. Several types of students make use of the non-degree student category. Among these are students who have attained whatever degree or credential status they feel is desirable, but who wish to take additional course work for professional or personal improvement; students who, for whatever reason (weak undergraduate background, change of discipline, or length of time since previous formal course work), feel the need to make up deficiencies before entering a degree program; and students who have not decided about entering a specific degree program. Such students should be aware that, generally, only a limited number of course credits taken by a non-degree student may be applied toward a degree program. Also, a 2.0 minimum grade-point average must be maintained to permit continuing registration as a non-degree student. Non-degree status is not available to international students except for summer term.
HOW TO APPLY FOR NON-DEGREE STUDENT ADMISSION
To apply for admission as a non-degree student, obtain a Nondegree Student Application form from the Office of Admissions and Records. Return the completed application by the deadline for the term desired. A $5 nonrefundable application fee is required. No additional credentials are required. Applicants who seek teacher certification must apply separately to the School of Education and submit the required credentials. Non-degree students are advised that registration for courses is on a space available basis.
CHANGING STATUS FROM NON-DEGREE TO DEGREE STUDENT
Non-degree students may apply for admission to an undergraduate degree program by following the instructions outlined in the Non-degree to Degree procedures available from the Office of Admissions and Records. Academic credentials (i.e., transcripts and/or test scores) and a $20 nonrefundable application fee also must be submitted. Non-degree students who are accepted as undergraduate degree students may generally transfer a limited number of semester credit hours for courses taken as a non-degree student to an undergraduate degree program, with approval of the dean. Non-degree students should consult with the college to which they are applying during the first semester of their enrollment for the maximum number of semester credit hours acceptable toward a degree program as a non-degree student. (Students enrolled as non-degree students prior to the fall semester of 1970 are subject to the policies in effect between )anuary of 1969 and August of 1970).
Non-degree students may apply for admission to a graduate degree program by completing the application required by the particular program. The graduate dean, upon recommendation by the department, may accept up to 8 semester hours of credit toward the requirements for a master’s degree for courses taken as a non-degree student at the University or at another recognized graduate school, or some combination thereof. The department may recommend acceptance of additional credit for courses taken as a non-degree student during the semester the student has applied for admission to the desired degree program.
Official Notification of Admission
Official notification of admission to CU-Denver as an undergraduate, graduate, or non-degree student is provided by the Office of Admissions and Records on a Statement of Admission Eligibility Form. Letters from the various schools and colleges indicating acceptance into a particular program are pending subject to official notification of admission to the institution. Applicants who do not receive official notification of admission within a reasonable period of time (approximately 3 weeks) after submitting application materials should contact the Office of Admissions and Records (303) 556-2660.
Tentative Admission. Students who are admitted pending receipt of additional documents will be permitted one term to submit the documents. Registration for subsequent terms will be denied when documents have not been received.
II. TUITION AND FEES Tuition and Fees
All tuition and fee charges are established by the Board of Regents, the governing body of the University of Colorado, in accordance with legislation enacted annually (usually in the spring) by the Colorado General Assembly. The Regents reserve the right to change tuition and fee rates at any time. A tuition schedule is published prior to registration for each term, and students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for further information on the tuition and fee charges for a particular term. The following rates are for the 1984-85 academic year and are provided to assist prospective students in anticipating cost.
OTHER FEES2
1. Student Activity Fee (required for all students):
Fall semester 1984 ..............$12.00
Spring semester 1985 ...........$12.00
Summer term 1985 ...............$ 5.00
2. Auraria Bond Retirement Fee (required for all students); Each term ............................$ 16.00
'Each school/college limits the number of semester hours transferable toward a degree program. Students should contact the school/college to which they will be applying (as a degree student) for information about the acceptable number of hours which may be taken as a non-degree student.
2Subject to change


General Information / 15
FALL 1984 AND SPRING 1985
RESIDENT NON-RESIDENT
CREDIT HOURS OF GRADUATE GRADUATE
ENROLLMENT UNDERGRADUATE GRADUATE BUSINESS UNDERGRADUATE GRADUATE BUSINESS
$ $ $ $ $ $
0-1 43 50 54 177 189 198
2 86 100 108 354 378 3%
3 129 150 162 531 567 594
4 172 200 216 708 756 792
5 215 250 270 885 945 990
6 258 300 324 1,062 1,134 1,188
7 301 350 378 2,067 2,175 2,275
8 344 400 432 2,067 2,175 2,275
9 387 450 486 2,067 2,175 2,275
10-15 Each Credit Hour Over 453 578 620 2,067 2,175 2,275
15 43 50 54 177 189 198
3. Student Information System Fee (required for all students each term):
Freshmen and sophomores.............$5.00
Juniors, seniors, graduate students, and non-degree students.................$3.00
4. Matriculation Fee (mandatory for the first term for all
new students): ................... $15.00
This is a non-refundable fee charged at the student’s first registration to cover the costs of generating transcripts.
5. Flealth Insurance Fee (optional):
Fall and spring semesters .........$64.50
Summer term........................$47.40
Music fee ..........................$24
College of Music students and others enrolled in piano, sound recording and reinforcement, and electronic music must pay this fee. No student is charged more than one $24 fee during a given term.
10. Reinstatement fee: Paid by students who have been disen-rolled, in addition to the original balance and interest before they may register for classes again or receive grades for completed work.
Reinstatement fee ..................$25
Students who wish health insurance coverage must complete and submit a request card with the Bursar’s Office before the end of the drop/add period.
The insurance program primarily subsidizes major medical expenses according to the schedule of benefits stated in the insurance brochure, which may be obtained from the Office of Student Academic Services. Dependent coverage (spouse and/or children) also is available at an an additional charge. Further information on health insurance is available from the Office of Student Academic Services, 556-2861.
6. Doctoral dissertation fee (mandatory for all students certified by The Graduate School for enrollment for doctoral dissertation). Students should contact The Graduate School for guidelines affecting charges for enrollment.
7. Comprehensive examination fee: Any student in The Graduate School or Graduate School of Public Affairs must be enrolled during the term in which the Comprehensive Examination for an M.A. degree is completed. Students who are not taking regular courses during that term must enroll as “Candidate for Degree.” Tuition for “Candidate for Degree” enrollment is the applicable graduate resident tuition for one credit hour.
8. Laboratory breakage fee (mandatory for students enrolled in a chemistry laboratory course):
Breakage deposit.....................$20
An $8 deduction is assessed for expendable items. The unused portion is returned at the end of the semester.
9. Music laboratory fee (mandatory for College of Music students and others enrolled in certain music courses):
PAYMENT OF TUITION AND FEES
All tuition and fees (except application fee) are assessed and payable when the student registers for the term, according to guidelines in the current Schedule of Courses. Arrangements may be made through the Bursar’s Office at the time of registration to defer payment of part of the charges. Specific information on deferred payment is included in the Schedule of Courses published before each semester or summer term.
Students who register for courses are liable for payment of tuition and fees even though they may drop out of school. Refund policies for students who withdraw from the University are included in the Schedule of Courses. A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or special certificate. The only exception to this regulation involves loans and other types of indebtedness which are due after graduation.
Personal checks are accepted for any University obligation. Any student who pays with a check which is not acceptable to the bank may be disenrolled and the original financial obligation still will exist. A service charge of $ 15 will be added for returned checks.
AUDIT
To qualify as an auditor for fall or spring semester, a student must be 21 years of age or older. Auditors may not be registered for any other University of Colorado courses during the time they are auditing and are not eligible to audit courses if they are under


16 / University of Colorado at Denver
suspension from the University. The Records Office does not keep any record of courses audited; therefore, credit for these courses cannot be established. Auditors may attend as many courses as they wish (except those courses with laboratories or where equipment is used), provided they have received permission from each instructor. Auditor’s cards are issued after classes begin. This card should be presented to the instructor when requesting permission to attend a class.
There is no auditor status in summer. Auditors, whether resident or nonresident, pay resident tuition for the audited courses during the fall or spring semester for class instruction and library privileges only. Auditors do not receive student parking privileges.
Residency Classification for Tuition Purposes
Tuition classification is governed by CRS 23-7-101, et. seq. (1973) as amended.1 Institutions of higher education are bound to the provisions of this statute and are not free to make exceptions to the rules set forth.
The statute provides that an in-state student is one who has been a legal domiciliary of Colorado for one year or more immediately preceding the beginning of the term for which the in-state classification is sought. Persons over 22 years of age or who are emancipated establish their own legal domicile. Those who are under 22 years of age and unemancipated assume the domicile of their parent or court appointed legal guardian. An unemancipated minor’s parent must, therefore, have a legal domicile in Colorado for one year or more before the minor may be classified as an instate student for tuition purposes.
Domicile is established when one has a permanent place of habitation in Colorado and the intention of making Colorado one’s true, fixed, and permanent home and place of habitation. The tuition statute places the burden of establishing a Colorado domicile on the person seeking to establish domicile. The question of intent is one of documentable fact and needs to be manifest by substantial connections with the state sufficient to evidence such intent. Legal domicile in Colorado begins the day subsequent connections with Colorado are made sufficient to evidence one’s intent. The most common ties with the state are (1) change of driver’s license to Colorado; (2) change of automobile registration to Colorado; (3) Colorado voter registration; (4) permanent employment in Colorado; (5) and most importantly, payment of state income taxes as a resident by one whose income is sufficient to be taxed. Caution: payment or filing of back taxes in no way serves to establish a legal domicile retroactive to the time filed.
Military personnel should also:
1. Pay the ownership tax on Colorado license plates. They should not take the military waiver on the ownership tax. This waiver requires an affidavit of nonresidence in Colorado.
2. Change their state of legal residence for tax purposes to Colorado immediately upon forming intent to make Colorado their legal domicile.
In order to qualify for in-state tuition for a given term, the 12-month waiting period (which begins when the legal domicile is established) must be over by the first day of classes for the term in question. If one’s 12-month waiting period expires during a semester, in-state tuition cannot be granted until the next semester.
Once the student’s tuition classification is established, it remains unchanged unless satisfactory information to the contrary is presented. A student who, due to subsequent events,
becomes eligible for a change in classification from resident to nonresident or vice versa must inform the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days after such a change occurs. An adult student or emancipated minor who moves outside of Colorado must send written notification to the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days of the change.
Once the student is classified as non-resident for tuition purposes, it is necessary to petition the Office of Admissions and Records for a change in classification. Petitions must be submitted no later than two weeks before the first day of classes of the term for which the student wishes to be classified as a nonresident so that the classification will be determined prior to registration and payment of fees. It is preferable for petitions to be received 30 days prior to the term. Late petitions will not be considered until the next semester.
III. FINANCIAL AID AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER
The financial aid program is designed to assist those students who would be unable to attend the University without assistance. While the primary responsibility for meeting the costs of education rests with individual students and their families, financial aid funds are offered to supplement whatever funds students and their families can provide. Since requests generally exceed the availability of funds, students and their families should be aware of procedures and deadlines in order to receive maximum consideration. Questions and requests for forms should be directed to the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment at CU-Denver, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, 556-2886.
Estimated Expenses
Educational expenses at CU-Denver include tuition, fees, and the cost of books and related instructional materials. Students who do not live with their parents must also include the cost of housing and food expenses. All students should consider transportation and personal expenditures (i.e., clothing, entertainment, etc.) in determining their expenses. The Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment establishes standard budgets for different types of students (dependent students living at home with parents, single students living away from home, married students, etc.) to bring about consistency and equity in determining the financial needs of all students. The standard budgets are established in line with parameters set by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education and the U.S. Department of Education.
For the 1984-85 academic year the standard budgets allowed $240 per month living allowance for dependent students living at home, $520 per month for single students not living at home, and $775 per month for married students. An allowance of $ 140 per month was added per dependent child in the student’s home. The living allowance included amounts for rent, food, utilities, personal expenses, and transportation. The approximate full-time cost of tuition, fees, and medical expenses for the 1984-85 academic year was $ 1,050 for a resident student and $4,240 for a
'A copy of the Colorado Revised Statutes (1973), as amended, is available in the University of Colorado at Denver Admissions Office.


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nonresident student. Graduate students were assessed $917 as residents and $4,515 as nonresidents. Books and supplies were estimated at $300 for the 1984-85 academic year.
All expenses will increase slightly for the 1985-86 academic year. The State of Colorado and the Board of Regents usually set tuition guidelines and rates during the month of |une for the summer and academic year. The standards for living allowances are usually set during the spring semester for the following summer and academic year.
Students who have additional costs above the standard allowances can request a review of their situation by the Financial Aid Committee. The committee must receive documentation of extra expenses and can consider an individual exception to the standard allowances. Examples of these kinds of exceptions are babysitting expenses, and medical, dental, and optical expenses.
Determination of Financial Need and Award
Financial need is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance as defined by the institution (tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board, transportation and essential incidental expenses) and total resources available to the student. These resources include a family contribution (summer savings, term earnings, a spouse contribution, and a parental contribution) and awards from agencies outside the University.
Financial need is determined by a national uniform needs analysis system administered by agencies such as the American College Testing Program. This system analyzes income and assets, family size, number of children in post-secondary education, student independence, etc., to determine a reasonable student and/or family contribution.
After the financial need is determined and complete application materials have been received, students are ranked in order of financial need and are aided accordingly until all funds are committed. The financial aid package normally consists of a self-help component (loans and/or employment) and a gift aid component (grants) proportionate to the available funds and to the number of needy students applying. A small portion of Colorado work-study funds is available to interested students who do not document financial need.
How to Apply
Application forms may be obtained by contacting the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. Students are asked to complete an institutional application and a needs analysis form. The application includes a checklist of other required documents to be submitted.
Parents are expected to contribute toward a student’s educational costs. However, in certain cases students may be considered financially independent of their parents. To be eligible for financial aid as a self-supporting student, a student (1) cannot be claimed as a tax exemption, (2) cannot receive $750 or more, or (3) cannot live at home for more than six weeks for the year aid is received and for the entire preceding calendar year. For example, for a student to receive aid as a self-supporting student during the 1985-86 academic year, the above three criteria must be met for 1984 and 1985.
Note: Requirements for receiving aid as a self-supporting student are subject to change by the federal and state governments.
Self-supporting students must document their status by providing income tax forms or other supporting documents to show
sufficient income to be self-supporting during the appropriate period of time. In some cases, additional documentation from parents is required to complete a student’s application. The information provided on the application for financial aid is analyzed according to the uniform needs analysis formula to determine the student's ability to contribute to his or her educational costs during the academic year.
To be eligible for financial aid, students must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents or have a refugee visa. Eligible foreign students are advised to include a photocopy of their visa cards with their applications to facilitate processing. In addition, students who are required to register for the draft through Selective Service must be registered in order to be eligible for federal financial aid for the 1985-86 academic year. All students must sign a Statement of Selective Service Registration Compliance, and proof of registration may be required after July 1, 1985.
Application and Completion Dates
A student may apply for a Pell Grant at any time up to May 1986. GSL applications must be submitted approximately 55 days before the end of the academic term. Other aid is offered on a first-come, first-served basis to needy students who have complete applications on file with the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment.
Students should have begun the application process by February 1, 1985, and all materials should have been submitted to the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment and forms processed by ACT and the Pell Grant contractor by early April 1985. In every case, the aid offered depends upon the student showing financial need and funds being available.
Special Note: An application for financial aid does not constitute an application for admission to the University. Please contact the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records for application forms and procedures. Applicants will not receive financial aid until they are enrolled in a degree program at the University. Non-degree students are not eligible for most financial aid. A non-degree student may apply for a Guaranteed Student Loan for one academic term only.
Types of Aid Available
The following information is subject to change by state and federal law and regulation.
SCHOLARSHIPS
Colorado Scholarships. Colorado Scholars Awards provide tuition and regular student fees for undergraduate students and are funded by the State of Colorado. Information and application materials are available in the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment.
Regents Scholarships. Regents Scholarships, funded by the State of Colorado, provide tuition and regular student fees to new undergraduate students (freshmen and transfers). The CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records should be contacted for further information.
Deans Scholarships. Deans Scholarships, funded by the State of Colorado, provide tuition and regular student fees for undergraduate students. Contact the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment for further information.


18 / University of Colorado at Denver
Army Reserve Officer Training Corps. The Department of Military Science offers students three-year, two-year, and one-year scholarships. These scholarships coyer all tuition and fees, books and supplies, and they provide a tax-free monthly stipend of $ 100. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Upon completion of the ROTC curriculum, students are eligible for a commission in the Reserves, National Guard, or active Army. For more information, call 629-3490, or visit 1059 9th Street Park.
GRANTS
Pell Grant (fomerly Basic Educational Opportunity Grant). The Pell Grant is a source of federal grant aid for which all students pursuing their first undergraduate degree may apply. Application can be made by submitting the Family Financial Statement or the separate Federal Student Aid Application. Applications can be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid/ Student Employment. Grant amounts vary depending on financial need, costs at the institution, and Congressional allocation.
Colorado Student Grant. The Colorado Student Grant is an undergraduate grant for Colorado residents. This grant is based on financial need and funds are allotted to the University by the State of Colorado. Amounts vary from approximately $100 to $ 1,000 per year. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents.
Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants are undergraduate federal grants varying in amounts from $200 to $2,000 per year. These grants are based on student need and availability of funds. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents.
Colorado Student Incentive Grant. This is the name given in Colorado to the federal program known as State Student Incentive Grant. The program is for Colorado residents seeking their first undergraduate degree and who show substantial financial need. Awards range from $ 100 to $2,000 per year and are funded one-half by the State of Colorado and one-half by the federal government. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents.
Graduate Grant. Grants for graduate students are available on a limited basis and will be awarded to students as eligibility and funds allow. Application is made by submitting the University application, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents.
LOANS
Colorado Guaranteed Student Loan Program. The primary purpose of this program is to make low-interest, long-term loans available to students to help them meet their postsecondary educational expenses. The student must first obtain an application from a participating lending institution or the Colordo Guaranteed Student Loan Program office. Some lenders provide the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment with a supply of application forms. Arrangements for repayment must be made
within four months after graduation or other termination of at least half-time studies. The student must contact the lender to arrange a repayment schedule. The interest rate under this plan is limited to 8 percent per annum simple interest for first-time borrowers (for previous borrowers, the interest rate will be 7 or 9 percent). In return for its guarantee of a student’s loan, CGSLP requires the student to pay in advance a guarantee fee equal to one percent per annum on the outstanding principal balance to cover the anticipated in-school period plus a six-month grace period and a 5 percent (of the original principal amount) origination fee.
If a student’s family taxable income for the prior year was $30,000 or less, there is no financial need test and the student is eligible to borrow the loan. If the student’s family income was over $30,000, a financial need test must be done by the Office of Financial Aid. If the student shows financial need, then the student is eligible to borrow the loan. All students should complete the Guaranteed Student Loan need analysis form and submit it along with the regular Guaranteed Student Loan application, the University GSL supplement, and copies of family tax returns to the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment.
The maximum an undergraduate student may borrow is $2,500 a year. A graduate or professional student may borrow up to $5,000 a year. The total which may be borrowed for undergraduate study is $12,500. The total for all undergraduate and graduate study is $25,000. The government pays the interest on loans until the repayment period begins, six months after the student ceases to be at least a half-time student. Repayment is usually at the rate of $50 per month and cannot exceed ten years.
National Direct Student Loan. The National Direct Student Loan is a federal loan available to undergraduate and graduate students with financial need. A student may borrow up to (a) $3,000 during the freshman and sophomore years; (b) $6,000 total for undergraduate study; (c) $12,000 total for graduate and undergraduate study. Application for the loan is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid, the Family Financial Statement (FFS), and other required documents. Interest and payment on the loan are deferred while the borrower is enrolled on at least a half-time basis at an approved institution of higher education. Interest at 5 percent per year begins to accrue 6 months after the borrower ceases to be at least a half-time student. Repayment is due at that time at the rate of $50 per month plus interest, and cannot exceed 10 years.
Parents Loans to Undergraduate Students/Auxiliary Loans to Assist Students. This type of loan allows parents to borrow funds for their dependent children, graduate students to borrow for their own educational costs, and undergraduate self-supporting students to borrow for their own costs. Repayment begins 60 days after disbursement, at 12% interest. Parents of dependent undergraduate students may borrow up to $3,000 per year. Graduate students may borrow up to $3,000 per year. Independent undergraduates may borrow up to $2,500 per year; however, the PLUS loan, combined with any GSL, cannot exceed the yearly and total GSL undergraduate limits. PLUS loan borrowers must pay an insurance premium of up to 1 % of the total loan, collected in advance.
EMPLOYMENT
College Work-Study Program. The College Work-Study Program is designed to provide jobs to undergraduate and graduate students. The program is funded by the federal government and


General Information / 19
the State of Colorado. Employment is arranged whenever possible in the student’s major area of interest, with job opportunities both on- and off-campus. Students are permitted to choose their own job from the eligible positions posted. Awards average up to $2,800 per academic year. For details contact the Office of Student Employment. Application for this aid is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents. Students and employers in the Work-Study Program are expected to assume responsibilities considered normal in an employee-employer relationship.
Part-time Student Employment. The Auraria Student Assistance Center, Career Planning and Placement Office, and the CU-Denver Office of Student Employment assist students in obtaining part-time employment other than that based on financial need. Further information and/or application may be obtained from these offices.
OTHER SOURCES OF AID
See the Office of Financial Aid for details of these programs:
Bureau of Indian Affairs. Grants are available to Native American students.
Short-Term Loans. Small, temporary loans are made to students facing financial emergencies. These loans are to be repaid during the semester.
Academic Requirements
Students receiving financial aid must demonstrate that they are maintaining satisfactory academic progress as defined by the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. The satisfactory academic progress standards have three sections: 1) A student must complete a minimum number of hours compared to hours attempted each term by obtaining a grade of D or better if undergraduate, or a grade of C or better if graduate; 2) A student must maintain a cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 for undergraduates and 3.0 for graduates; and 3) A student is eligible for financial aid only until a certain number of credit hours have been earned. Students should obtain a complete copy of the current CU-Denver Satisfactory Progress Policy from the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment to determine their eligibility for financial aid. Colorado Scholars, Regents Scholars, Deans Scholars, Pell Grant, Guaranteed Student Loan, and PLUS loans may be received by students who are enrolled at least half time. Other aid may be received only by full-time students.
Duration of Aid
Financial aid is offered for one year at a time. Students must reapply for summer and for each academic year, according to the established priority dates.
Use of Funds
All financial aid awards are to be used only for immediate educational expenses. These expenses include tuition, fees, books, supplies, room and board, transportation, and essential miscellaneous expenses, such as clothing, medical, etc.
Refunds
The University tuition refund policy is published in the Schedule of Courses for each term. For the fall 1984 semester, the policy
for refunds upon complete withdrawal from the University was 100% minus $25 refund if the student withdrew before the term began, 75% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the third day of the third week of classes, and 50% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the fourth week of classes. Students receiving financial aid may be required to return any refund to the University’s financial aid accounts.
Student Rights and Responsibilities
Students have certain rights and responsibilities regarding financial aid and student employment. Students may review applicable policies and procedures in the CU-Denver Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. Specific application procedures and policies are subject to change.
Further Information and Application Forms
Further information and application forms may be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, on the Auraria campus, or by writing to Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Denver, CO 80202. Persons in the Denver metropolitan area are encouraged to visit the office to receive application forms and information; however, materials will be mailed upon request. Peer counselors and University counselors are available to discuss individual situations and aid eligibility.
IV. REGISTRATION: SELECTING A PROGRAM AND COURSES
Selecting a Program and Courses
New and continuing CU-Denver students are urged to review Section V and the following sections of this bulletin. Section Vll describes the traditional and nontraditional instructional programs available, and the sections which follow give information by school or college on the various majors available, course requirements by major, graduation requirements, course load policies, and other information and specific policies. Courses available during a particular semester or summer term are listed in the Schedule of Courses, published several weeks before registration and available from the Office of Admissions and Records and the various deans’ offices.
Undergraduate students who need assistance in planning a program or selecting courses should contact the academic unit in which they are enrolled to arrange for a counseling appointment. The appointment should be made prior to registration. Graduate students should contact their graduate department for assistance.
Orientation
An orientation program for all new students is held at the beginning of the fall and spring semesters, prior to the first day of classes. The program is conducted by the Office of the Dean of Student Academic Services and the various deans' offices, and introduces the programs, activities, and services available at CU-


20 / University of Colorado at Denver
Denver, in addition to providing information on degree requirements, and how to register.
Registration
CU-Denver conducts a common registration in cooperation with Metropolitan State College. Registration involves the following processes: (1) mail registration, (2) walk-in registration, and (3) course adjustment (drop/add).
Students eligible for mail registration who choose to take advantage of this process may register and pay tuition and fees by mail. A walk-in registration will be available for students who do not wish to, or are not eligible to, register by mail.
For complete instructions, students should refer to the Schedule of Courses published at the beginning of each semester and summer term.
POOLED COURSES
Certain courses in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences have been pooled with similar courses at Metropolitan State College. CU-Denver students may register for any of the pooled courses listed in the CU-Denver Schedule of Courses. However, CU-Denver students are expected to take at least half their hours in CU-Denver courses each term.
INTERINSTITUTIONAL REGISTRATION
CU-Denver degree students may enroll for courses offered by the various campuses of the Community College of Denver. Students must be enrolled at CU-Denver for at least one course during the semester or summer term to be eligible to register interinstitutionally. Non-degree students may not register inter-institutionally. Registration is on a space available basis.
Concurrent Enrollment
Degree-seeking students who wish to attend two University of Colorado campuses concurrently must contact the Office of Admissions and Records on their own campus.
Course Loads
Students wishing to take more than 18 semester hours (12 in the summer term) must have the overload approved by the Dean of their college or school. The student should obtain the Dean’s signature on the Registration Form or Course Change Form during Walk-in Registration.
Suggested maximum course loads for the fall and spring semesters for undergraduate students who are employed:
Employed 40 or more hours per week: 30-39 hours per week: 20-29 hours per week-10-19 hours per week:
6-9 semester hours 8-12 semester hours 10-14 semester hours -18 semester hours
Students must weigh their capabilities against the demands of each course.
Definition of Full- and Half-Time Status for Financial Aid and Loan Deferment: Fall and Spring
Undergraduates: Full time: 12 or more semester units
Half time: 6 or more semester units
Graduates: Full time: Half time: 8 or more hours 4 or more hours
Summer
Undergraduates: Full time: Half time: 8 or more semester units 4 or more semster units
Graduates: Full time: Half time: 5 or more hours 3 hours
Individual exceptions to the minimum graduate course load levels are considered for financial aid purposes by the Financial Aid Committee. Students must file a written appeal with the Office of Financial Aid.
V. ACADEMIC POLICIES AND REGULATIONS Advanced Standing and Advanced Placement Credit
Undergraduate students may obtain credit for lower-division courses in which they demonstrate proficiency by examination. By passing an examination, the student will be given credit for the course to satisfy lower division requirements and may be eligible to enroll in higher level courses than indicated by the student’s formal academic experience. Credit granted for courses by examination is treated as transfer credit without a grade but does count toward graduation and other requirements for which it is appropriate. There are three types of examinations as described below.
ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM
The Advanced Placement Program of the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) allows students to take advanced work while in high school and then be examined for credit at the college level. Students who take advanced placement courses and subsequently receive scores of 3,4, or 5' on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination are generally given college credit for lower-level courses in which they have demonstrated proficiency and are granted advanced standing in those areas. Students with scores below 31 may be considered for advanced placement by the discipline concerned. For more information contact your high school counselor or the Director of Admissions for CU-Denver.
CREDIT BY EXAMINATION
Degree students may take examinations for credit. To qualify for an examination, the student must be formally working toward a degree at CU-Denver, have a grade-point average of at least 2.0, and be currently registered. Examinations are arranged through the Office of Admissions and Records, and a nonrefundable fee is charged. Students should contact the office of the dean of the academic unit in which they are enrolled.
COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM
An exciting challenge is available to incoming CU-Denver students who may earn University credit by examination in subject areas in which they have excelled at college-level proficiency. Interested students are encouraged to take appropriate subject
'Students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science must receive scores of 4 or 5 for credit to be granted; students with scores of 3 may be considered by the department concerned. All credit must be validated by subsequent academic performance.


General Information / 21
examinations provided in the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) of the College Entrance Examination Board testing service. The cost for a single examination is $28. For more information call 556-2861.
Students who are interested in CLEP examinations must contact the office of their school or college.
Credit for Military Service and Schooling and ROTC
MILITARY SERVICE AND SCHOOLING
Applicants with military experience should submit the following with their application in order to have credit for educational experiences evaluated: (1) a copy of DD Form 214 and (2) DD Form 295, Application for the Evaluation of Education Experience During Military Service. USAF personnel may present an official transcript from the Community College of the Air Force in lieu of the DD Form 295. Credit will be awarded as recommended by the Commission on the Accreditation of Service Experiences of the American Council on Education to the extent that such credit is applicable to the degree sought at CU-Denver. Credit for courses completed through the U.S. Armed Forces Institute will be evaluated on the same basis as transfer credit from collegiate institutions.
RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS (ROTC)
Students enrolled in Army or Air Force ROTC programs should consult with their college or school regarding the application of ROTC course credit toward graduation requirements. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences allows a maximum of 6 semester hours of ROTC credit to be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements. The College of Business and Administration stipulates that ROTC courses may be used for credit only for nonbusiness elective requirements and that no credit may be given for freshman and sophomore ROTC courses. Furthermore, a maximum of 12 semester hours may be applied toward baccalaureate degree requirements in business and then only if the ROTC program is completed.
Grading System and Policies
The following grading system and procedures for pass/fail registration, dropping and adding courses, and withdrawal from the University have been standardized for all academic units of the University.
GRADE SYMBOLS'
The instructor is responsible for whatever grade symbol (A, B, C, D, F, IF, IW, or IP) is to be assigned. Special symbols A—superior/excellent—4 credit points per credit hour.
B—good/better than average—3 credit points per credit hour.
C—competent/average—2 credit points per credit hour.
D—minimum passing—1 credit point per credit hour.
F—Failing—no credit points per credit hour.
Beginning with the Spring 1984 Semester, some schools and colleges have approved use of a PLUS/M1NUS grading system, where a B + corresponds to 3.3 credit points per credit hour, and a B - corresponds to 2.7 credit points per credit hour. Instructors in those schools and colleges may, at their discretion, use the PLUS/M1NUS system, but are not required to do so.
IF—incomplete—regarded as F if not completed within one year maximum.
IW—incomplete—regarded as W if not completed within one year maximum.
IP—in progress—thesis at the graduate level only.
An incomplete grade is only awarded when special circumstances prevent a student’s completing a course during the term. Students have one year to complete an INCOMPLETE. After one year, an IW is regarded as a DROP-PASSING; an IF as a DROPFAILING. Students should not re-register for courses for which they have received INCOMPLETES.
P/F—pass/fail—P grade is not included in the grade-point average; the Fgrade is included; up to 16 hours of pass/fail course work may be credited toward a bachelor’s degree.
H/P/F—honors/pass/fail—intended for honors courses; credit hours count toward the degree but are not included in the grade-point average.
SPECIAL SYMBOLS
NC—indicates registration on a no-credit basis.
W—indicates withdrawal without credit.
Y—indicates the final grade roster was not received by the time grades were processed.
PASS/FAIL PROCEDURE
1. Any student who wishes to register for a course on a pass/fail basis should do so during the regular registration period. (Up to 16 semester hours of regular course work may be taken on a pass/ fail basis and credited toward the bachelor’s degree.) Changes to or from a pass/fail basis may be effected only during the regular drop/add period.
2. The record of pass/fail registration is maintained by the Office of Admissions and Records.
3. Academic deans and faculty will not be informed of special pass/fail registration. All students who register on a pass/fail basis appear on the regular class roster, and a normal letter grade is assigned by the professor. When grades are received in the Records Office, those registrations which require a pass/fail designation are automatically converted by the grade application system. Grades of D and above convert to grades of P.
4. Only 6 hours of course work may be P/F in any given semester.
'Plus/minus grading may be instituted by various University of Colorado schools and colleges beginning with the Spring 1984 Semester. For example, a H + corresponds to 3.3 credit points, H- to 2.7 points.


22 / University of Colorado at Denver
PASS/FAIL OPTION RESTRICTIONS
College General 16 Hours Maximum Transfer Students
Business and Administration Only non-business electives may be taken Pass/Fail Maximum of 1 semester hour of Pass/Fail for every 8 semester hours attempted at the University
Engineering and Applied Science Graduate School Required courses may not be taken Pass/Fail. Courses must be designated by major department: students without major not eligible; recommended maximum — one course/ semester. Not applicable toward degree Includes courses taken in the honors program Maximum of 1 semester hour of Pass/Fail may be applied toward graduation for every 9 semester hours taken in the college.
Liberal Arts and Sciences May be restricted in certain majors not included in 30 hours of C or better work required for major. No more than 6 hours P/F any semester. Does not include courses taken in honors, physical education, cooperative education and certain teacher certification courses May not be used by students graduating with only 30 semester hours taken at the University
Music Only non-music electives may be taken Pass/Fail Includes courses taken in the honors program
5. Exception to the pass/fail regulations is permitted for certain specified courses offered by the School of Education, the Division of Continuing Education, and Study Abroad Programs.
6. Graduate degree students can exercise the P/F option for undergraduate courses only. However, a grade of P will not be acceptable for graduate credit to satisfy any Graduate School requirement.
Grade-Point Average
The grade-point average is computed by multiplying the credit points per hour (for example, B = 3) by the number of hours for each course, totaling the hours and the credit points, and dividing the total points by the total hours.
Grades of P, NC, Y, W. IP, IW, and IF are not included in the grade-point average.
If an IF grade has not been completed within one year, the course is regarded as failed and a grade of F is automatically calculated in the grade-point average at the end of the one-year grace period.
If an IW grade has not been completed within one year, the course is regarded as dropped.
I f a course is repeated, all grades earned are used in determining the grade-point average.
The grade-point average of graduate students includes only eourses, credit hours, and credit points accumulated while enrolled in the Graduate School.
The grade-point average does not appear on official transcripts issued from the Records Office but does appear on the Grade Report issued each semester.
Students should consult with the dean’s office for explanation of any exceptions made to the University uniform grade-point average.
Grade Reports
Grade reports are normally available for students to pick up at the Information Center within two to three weeks after the end of the semester. Students must present picture identification. Grade reports are not automatically mailed; however, a self-addressed, stamped envelope may be supplied to the Records Office by individual students who wish to have their grades mailed.
Transcripts
Transcripts of academic record at the University of Colorado (all campuses) may be ordered in person or by mail from the University of Colorado at Boulder, Records Office, Campus Box B-7, Transcript Section, Regent Administrative Center 125, Boulder, CO 80309. Official transcripts will not be available until approximately five weeks after final examinations. A transcript that is to have the degree recorded will not be available until approximately eight weeks after final examinations. Requests should include the following:
1. Student’s full name (include maiden or other name if applicable).
2. Student number.
3. Birthdate.
4. The last term and campus where the student was in attendance.
5. Whether the current semester grades are to be included when a transcript is ordered near the end of a term.
6. Agency, college, or individuals to whom transcripts are to be sent. Complete mailing addresses should be included. Transcripts sent to students are labeled “issued to student."
7. Student’s signature. (This is the student's authorization to release the records to the designee.)


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There is no charge for transcripts. Transcripts are prepared only at the student’s request. A student having financial obligations to the University that are due and unpaid will not be granted a transcript. Copies of transcripts from other institutions cannot be furnished.
Adding and Dropping Courses1 ADDING COURSES
Students may add courses to their original registration during the first 12 (7 in the summer) days of full-term classes, provided there is space available,
DROPPING COURSES
1. Students will be able to drop courses without approvals during the first 12 days of the fall or spring semesters (7th day of the summer term). Tuition will not be charged for the courses which are dropped as long as the student is not withdrawing. No record of the dropped course will appear on the student’s permanent record.
2. After the 12th day of a fall or spring semester (7th day of the summer term), the instructor’s signature is required and the instructor must indicate whether the student is passing or failing. If the student is passing, the course will appear on the student's permanent record with a grade of W. If the student is failing, the course will appear on the permanent record with an F grade. No adjustment of tuition is made for courses which are dropped after the 12th day (7th day for the summer term) of classes.
3. After the 10th week of a fall or spring semester (7th week of a summer term), courses may not be dropped unless there are circumstances clearly beyond the student’s control. In addition to the instructor’s certification (as in 2 above), the student must petition the academic dean for approval to drop the courses. Tuition will be charged even though the drop is allowed.
4. Dropping all courses requires an official University withdrawal form.
Withdrawal from the University
To withdraw from the University, the student must obtain approval of the dean’s office, Bursar’s Office, and Records Office. The withdrawal date is recorded on the student’s permanent record page. If the withdrawal date is prior to the 13th day of the semester (7th day of the summer term), the courses will not appear on the student’s permanent record. If the withdrawal date is after the 12th day, the courses will appear with W grades. Students may not withdraw after the 10th week of the semester (7th week of the summer term) except under documented circumstances clearly beyond their control.
Students who are receiving veteran’s benefits or financial aid also must obtain the required signature of those respective office(s).
A student who ceases to attend classes without officially withdrawing from the University will receive grades of F for all course work enrolled for during that term.
A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the University must apply to the associate dean of the Graduate School for
permission to withdraw in good standing. Students who withdraw without communicating with the associate dean and filing the appropriate Withdrawal Form will be marked as having failed their courses for the term.
For specific signatures, requirements, and tuition adjustment the student must refer to the Schedule of Courses published prior to the beginning of each term.
Originality of Work
In all academic areas it is imperative that either work be original or explicit acknowledgment be given for the use of other persons’ ideas or language. Students should consult with instructors to leam the specific procedures appropriate in each given field. Breaches of academic honesty can result in disciplinary measures ranging from lowering of a grade to permanent compulsory withdrawal from the University.
Inspection of Educational Records
Periodically, but not less than annually, the University of Colorado informs students of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, with which the institution intends to comply fully. The Act was designated to protect the privacy of educational records, to establish the right of students to inspect and review their educational records, and to provide guidelines for the correction of inaccurate or misleading data through informal and formal hearings. Students also have the right to file complaints with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Office (FERPA) concerning alleged failures by the institution to comply with the Act.
Local policy explains in detail the procedures to be used by the institution for compliance with the provisions of the Act. Copies of the policy can be found in the library on each of the several campuses of the University of Colorado.
A directory of records which lists all educational records maintained on students by this institution may be found in the Office of Admissions and Records on each campus.
The following items of student information have been designated by the University of Colorado as public or directory information: student name, address, telephone number, dates of attendance, registration status, class, major field of study, awards, honors, degree(s) conferred, past and present participation in officially recognized sports and activities, physical factors (height, weight) of athletes, date and place of birth. This information may be disclosed by the University for any purpose at its discretion.
Currently enrolled students may withhold disclosure of any category of information under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. To withhold disclosure, written notification must be received in the Office of Admissions and Records on the appropriate campus prior to the end of the drop/add period in each and every term. Forms requesting the withholding of directory information are available in the Office of Admissions and Records.
The University of Colorado assumes that failure on the part of any student to request specifically the withholding, term by term, of categories of directory information indicates individual approval for disclosure for the term(s).
Questions concerning the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act may be referred to the Office of Admissions and Records.
‘For the exact dates, check the Schedule of Courses for the appropriate term.


24 / University of Colorado at Denver
Good Standing
To remain in good standing within a particular school or college, an undergraduate student must maintain a grade-point average of at least 2.) (C) in all course work attempted. A graduate degree student must maintain a grade-point average of at least 3.0. Non-degree students must maintain a minimum grade-point average of 2.0. Policies on academic probation, suspension, and dismissal vary by college or school, and students should refer to the sections of this bulletin dealing with the colleges and schools for information.
Student Classification
Students who have passed fewer than 30 semester hours are classified as freshmen. To be classified as a sophomore, a student must have passed 30 semester hours; to be classified as a junior, 60 hours; and to be classified as a senior, 90 hours of credit. All transfer students will be classified on the same basis according to their hours of credit accepted by the University of Colorado.
Student Indebtedness
A student with overdue financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to graduate, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or credit from the University. Transcripts will not be released for a student with an overdue financial obligation to the University.
VI. STUDENT SERVICES
Dean of Student Academic Services
This office is responsible for providing leadership for the Student Academic Services programs and offices. It also serves as a liaison with student government, provides CU-Denver representation in Auraria-shared student services, and coordinates orientation programs for new students, commencement, the Senior Citizens Program, the Ahlin Fund for disabled students, and student research programs. The office telephone is 556-8427.
The Dean of Student Academic Services office protects student rights and responsibilities by administering the Standards of Student Conduct. When a student enrolls in the University, he or she agrees to participate meaningfully in the life of the University and to share in the obligation to preserve and promote his or her rights as a citizen and has a basic obligation not to commit or to tolerate any infringement on the rights of others. Copies of the standards and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the Student Academic Services office.
Student Conduct Policies and Standards
Students should thoroughly familiarize themselves with the academic and nonacademic student conduct standards of the University. Academic standards questions should be directed to the dean of the school or college in which the student is enrolled. Nonacademic conduct questions should be directed to the Office of the Dean of Student Academic Services.
Your enrollment in the University is voluntary. When you were admitted, you became responsible for appropriate performance and behavior as defined and described in this document. As a member of the University community, you are held accountable for civil and criminal laws as well as University Standards. Enroll-
ment in the University does not confer either immunity or special consideration with reference to civil and criminal laws.
You are accountable to both civil and University authorities for acts which constitute violations of laws as well as violations of University rules and regulations. Disciplinary action by the University will not be subject to challenge or postponement on the ground that criminal charges involving the same incident have been dismissed, reduced, or are pending in civil or criminal court. In addition, the University reserves the right to pursue disciplinary action if a student violates standards as defined within this document and withdraws from the University before administrative action is final.
All persons on University property are required, for reasonable cause, to identify themselves when requested by University or Auraria Public Safety officials acting in the performance of their duties. Acting through its administrative officers, the University reserves the right to exclude those posing a danger to University personnel or property and those who interfere with its function as an educational institution.
All persons on CU-Denver/Auraria property who are not students or employees of the University are required to adhere to the Standards of Conduct applicable to University students and to abide by University policies and campus regulations.
The following guidelines attempt to balance your needs and the needs of the University. If you are found in violation of one of the Standards of Conduct, one of the University’s primary interests will be to help you avoid further inappropriate behavior and become a responsible member of the university community. However, if you fail to correct inappropriate behavior, or if you violate one of these Standards of Conduct, the University will consider taking disciplinary action that may, in some cases, lead to your suspension or permanent expulsion from the University. The behaviors outlined below will not be tolerated because they threaten the safety of individuals and violate the basic purpose of the University and the personal rights and freedoms of its members.
1. Intentional obstruction, disruption, or interference with teaching, research, disciplinary proceedings, or other University activities, including its public service and administrative functions or authorized activities on the CU-Denver/Auraria premises.
2. Willful obstruction or interference with the freedom of movement of students, school officials, employees, and invited guests to all facilities of the CU-Denver/Auraria campus.
3. Physical abuse of any person on property owned or controlled by the CU-Denver/Auraria Higher Education Center or at functions sponsored or supervised by the University, or conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any such person.
4. Verbal or physical harassment and/or hazing in all forms, which includes, but is not limited to, striking, laying hands on, treating with violence, or offering to do bodily harm to another person with intent to punish or injure; or other treatment of a tyrannical, abusive, shameful, insulting, or humiliating nature.
5. Prohibited entry to or use of CU-Denver/Auraria facilities, defined as unauthorized entry or use of CU-Denver/Auraria property or facilities for illegal purposes or purposes detrimental to the University.
6. Forgery, fraud (to include computer fraud), alteration, or use of University documents, records, or instruments of identification with intent to defraud.
7. Theft or damage to CU-Denver/Auraria property and the


General Information / 25
private property of students, university officials, employees, and invited guests when such property is located upon or within CU-Denver/Auraria buildings or facilities.
8. Possession of firearms, explosives, or other dangerous weapons or materials within or upon the grounds, buildings, or any other facilities of the CU-Denver/Auraria campus. This policy shall not apply to any police officer or other peace officer while on duty authorized by the University, or others authorized in writing by the Chief of the Auraria Public Safety or designee. (A dangerous weapon is an instrument that is designed to or likely to produce bodily harm. Weapons may include, but are not limited to, firearms, explosives, BB guns, slingshots, martial arts devices, brass knuckles, bowie knives, daggers or similar knives, or switchblades. A harmless instrument designed to look like a firearm, explosive, or dangerous weapon which is used by a person to cause fear in or assault on another person is expressly included within the meaning of the terms firearms, explosive, or dangerous weapon.)
9. Sale, distribution, use, possession, or manufacture of illegal drugs within or on the grounds, buildings, or any other facilities of the CU-Denver/Auraria campus.
10. Off Campus: physical abuse of any person, or conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person, or conduct which interferes with the public or private rights of citizens, when it is determined that the continued presence of the student would clearly constitute a threat or danger to the CU-Denver/Auraria community.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent peaceful and orderly assembly for the redress of grievances. For additional information, students shall refer to the University of Colorado Students’ Rights and Responsibilities Regarding Standards of Conduct, Discipline and Review.
Student Activities
The Office of Student Activities is the coordinating and resource center for student government, clubs, organizations, student programs, Greek social organizations, and academic honor societies. All student fee expenditures are monitored to assure that they meet all ASUCD, CU-Denver and state regulations and procedures. The Student Activities Officer also represents the Dean of Student Academic Services on a number of CU-Denver, ASUCD, and AHEC committees and maintains a good communication level with MSC, DACC, and AHEC. Student Activities is located in Room 153, Student Center, 556-3399.
Academic Center for Enrichment
The Academic Center for Enrichment represents the model of a learning assistance center, which provides the following types of services to the students at the University of Colorado at Denver: (1) instruction — English-as-a-second-language and study skills courses (math, reading, writing); (2) tutorial — individualized, group, and specialized; (3) diagnostic tests — math, reading, spelling, vocabulary, study skills, and composition; (4) counseling coordination — personal, career, and academic; (5) workshops — college survival skills and study skills; and (6) peer advocacy.
Students are from the general CU-Denver enrollment and represent one or more of the following categories: returning women,
returning veterans, first generation college participants, teenagers, ethnic minorities, recipients of financial aid, physically handicapped, and working people.
GRE and GMAT review courses are coordinated with the Division of Continuing Education. The center also operates an ethnic library from which students may borrow books for reports or leisure reading. For information call 556-2803/8345.
Center for Internships and Cooperative Education
The Center for Internships and Cooperative Education provides students with an opportunity to supplement their academic classroom learning with on-the-job work experiences or internships related to their academic studies. The center is open to all students in the colleges and schools of CU-Denver who have completed their freshman year and have maintained a grade-point average of at least 2.5. Students are placed either as paid Co-op trainees or volunteer Co-op interns with corporations, businesses, or government agencies in positions that complement their academic course work. Co-op students can work full time by alternating semesters of work with semesters of full-time school, or they can work part time year around. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the College of Music award academic credit at the 398 level for a Co-op work experience. Students placed by the center in paid or volunteer assignments, as well as students who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligible to earn Co-op credit. For more information contact the center at 556-2892.
Counselor Training Center
Using the services of students in master’s level counseling programs, help is provided to deal with personal concerns. Group meetings address topical issues and crisis counseling is available. Information and appointments can be made by contacting the center at 556-2861.
Educational Opportunity Program
The Educational Opportunity Program assists all ethnic minority students at CU-Denver. Support programs include specialized recruiting, intensive counseling, tutorial services, and community outreach programs. The program is designed to provide assistance to minority students and to acquaint students with the history and culture of Asian Americans, Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians. Student organizations provide assistance with recruitment, counseling, and tutoring; financial assistance is available through grants and the Work/Study Program. For more information call 556-2701.
Legal Services
The legal staff is available to assist the students with various services, which, depending on the problem, include: actual document preparation, legal advice, and assistance or referral to private attorneys at a reduced rate. The service is a free, student fee funded program; however, a charge may be assessed or actual costs incurred such as copying, typing, etc. Contact the office for further details at 556-3333.
Non-degree Student Advising
All non-degree students who are undecided about a major may receive counseling about admission procedures and academic advising during orientation. See Schedule of Courses under Orientation. Non-degree students who have decided on a major


26 / University of Colorado at Denver
should contact the school or college. For information contact 556-2861.
Student Health Insurance Program
A student medical-hospital-surgical plan is available for all students; dependent coverage is also available at an additional charge. Summer insurance coverage is available for students not registered. For further information refer to the portion on Tuition and Fees in the General Information section of this Bulletin, or call 556-2861.
Testing Center
This multi-faceted assistance center provides various testing for all levels of postsecondary education, professional certification,
accreditation, and academic and career planning evaluations. The center provides registration information concerning the
following:
ACT American College Test
CAT California Achievement Test
CEII Colorado Educational Interest Indicator
GRE Graduate Record Examination
GMAT Graduate Management Admissions Test
GSFLT Graduate School Foreign Language Test
MAT Miller Analogy Test
MBTI Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
CLEP College Level Examination Program
SCI1 Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory
The Testing Center staff is capable of helping undecided and nondeclared majors in choosing an academic major and career area by using achievement, interest, and personality tests as counseling aids. For further information contact 556-2861.
Office of Veterans Affairs
The Office of Veterans Affairs is an initial contact point for veteran-students attending CU-Denver under their veterans benefits earned while serving in the Armed Forces.
The office maintains proper certification for each veteran-student so that the Veterans Administration is assured that veterans are, in fact, pursuing specific academic programs.
In addition, the OVA provides Vocational Rehabilitation referrals, tutorial assistance, Colorado Tuition Assistance Program, and work/study positions for qualified veterans. For further information contact 556-2630.
Women's Resources
CU-Denver provides female students, faculty, staff, and community members with programming and various resources. Services offered include on-going workshops, seminars, support and educational groups as well as career and personal counseling. Referral sources related to family, health, legal, and financial matters are provided. Women's Resources also offers four scholarships to women, and has extensive scholarship and financial aid information available. For further information contact 556-2815.
Associated Students of the University of Colorado at Denver (ASUCD)
Student government serves as a voice for students.
Student government also provides activities and services not normally offered to students under the formal University structure. Thus, student activity fees pay for a legal aid program, recreational activities, a women’s center, numerous student organizations, the Advocate (student newspaper), and numerous special events and activities.
Auraria Student Assistance Center
The Auraria Student Assistance Center (ASAC) is composed of five offices offering specialized assistance to all present and prospective Auraria students.
1. Office of Information and Referal Services. This is a central information source which provides objective assistance to prospective students desiring to enroll at CU-Denver or one of the other academic institutions on the Auraria campus.
2. Office of Career Planning and Placement Services. Assistance is offered to students and alumni in planning their careers and seeking employment.
3. Office of Disabled Student Services. This office provides academic support of services to ensure programmatic access for students with disabilities.
4. Office of Vocational Rehabilitation. Campus branch office of the State of Colorado Department of Social Services. This office assists disabled students in becoming fully employable and self-supporting.
5. Office of International Student Services. The office assists international students on campus from 80 countries by providing support services and aiding in bridging the cultural gaps which many of them experience when entering the community to attend college.
6. Office of Off-Campus Housing Referral Services. Provides information on apartments and dormitory living arrangements.
VII. SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND FACILITIES Alumni Association
The CU-Denver Alumni Association supports the development and awareness of the University through a variety of networks and activities. Founded in 1976, students automatically become members upon graduation. Friends and non-degreed former students are also welcome to participate.
Horizons, a newspaper published in the fall, winter, and spring of each year, is mailed to the 10,000 members of the association. Alumni are invited to attend periodic reunions and/or activities on campus which might interest them. The Mack Easton Award for Distinguished Service is bestowed each year at commencement and is sponsored by the Association. A new program of alumni access to the campus recreation center, library, and parking lots has been recently instituted.
The governing board is comprised of alumni representing all of the schools and colleges on campus. This group plans events, implements programs, and raises funds with the goal of advancing the University and increasing the visibility of alumni.
Auraria Book Center
The Auraria Book Center carries a complete stock of academic, technical, reference, and examination preparation books. The Book Center also stocks computers and peripherals, software, and supplies for office, art, and engineering. Special orders for


General Information / 27
books are welcomed, and a search for out-of-print books is available at no charge.
Students should bring their printouts to locate course books. Subject areas are marked on each set of shelves; the course call number is printed on a shelf tag below each required or optional book.
When available, used books sell for 75 percent of the new book price. A full refund is given for new and used books returned within the first three weeks of a regular semester’s start. Two ID’s are required for purchases paid for by check. The Book Center also accepts American Express, MasterCard, and VISA.
The Convenience Store is located near the main store in the Student Center lower mall and offers extended hours for those wishing to buy snacks, magazines, paperbacks, and school supplies. Used texts are bought back from students throughout the year, and refunds and exchanges also are handled here.
Photocopying services are available in the Convenience Store. Transparencies, reductions, and other options may be specified, and a self-serve copier is available for small orders.
The Book Center is located in the Auraria Student Center, lower level, 9th and Lawrence Streets. For further information and hours, contact 556-3230.
Auraria Child Care Center
The Auraria Child Care Center provides high quality child care for students, faculty, and staff of the Auraria campus. The center is fully licensed by the Colorado Department of Social Services. During any session, space is available for 30 toddlers aged 18 months to 3 years, and 120 children aged 3 to 8 years.
Toddler, preschool, and fully accredited kindergarten programs are implemented by teachers with credentials in Early Childhood Education. The programs focus on the development of the total child including intellectual, social, emotional, and physical growth.
Registered care is available full time, part time, or in two-hour time blocks in order to accommodate students’ varying class schedules. Drop-in care for irregular or infrequent users is available upon advance notice to the center, provided space is available.
The Child Care Center offers opportunities for Auraria students to gain experience working with preschool children through volunteer work, work-study or hourly employment, and prac-ticum experiences.
For further information call 556-3188.
Auraria Library
The Auraria Library provides a wide variety of learning resources for the students and faculty of all Auraria institutions. The library has approximately 560,000 volumes of books, microforms, and bound periodicals, in addition to more than 1,700 current periodical and newspaper subscriptions. Strong subject collections at the Auraria Library include the fields of public administration and criminal justice. The main collection is supplemented by the Design and Planning Branch Library. In addition, as a member of the Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries, the Auraria Library has access to an additional 6,000,000 volumes through interlibrary loan.
Special services offered by the library include an online Public Access Catalog, computerized bibliographic searches, library orientation and instruction for groups and individuals, a depository
of U.S. and Colorado government publications, media listening and viewing facilities, and a Resource Center for Disabled Persons. Library rooms are also available for individual study, group conferences, and typing.
The Media and Telecommunications Division of the Auraria Library works to enhance the quality of instructional programs through the use of media services. The media and telecommunications staff works with faculty in the design, production, and use of media resources, such as instructional graphics and photography, film, videotape, audiotape, discs, and television. The Media and Telecommunications Division also circulates audiovisual equipment to faculty for classroom use.
Auraria Student Center
The Student Center, located at 9th Street and Lawrence, houses a cafeteria, the campus Book Center, a study lounge, game room, offices for student government and organizations, a copy center, exhibit space, locker rentals, meeting and conference facilities, and a tavern.
Computing Services
The Computing Services Department supports computer use by both the academic and administrative communities at CU-Denver. Currently there are four primary resources used to achieve this purpose. The Boulder campus houses a Cyber 170/720 and an IBM 3031 system. The IBM 3031 is used for administrative purposes, and faculty and students may access the Cyber 170/720 system through the Denver campus or dial-in lines.
The Denver campus maintains a Prime 750-9950 computer network and a number of IBM Personal Computers. The Prime system operates with 13.5 megabytes of memory add 2550 megabytes of disk storage. This system is the one primarily used for instructional purposes. Increasing emphasis is being placed on the use of personal computers, and to that end Computing Services maintains three teaching labs used in conjunction with regularly scheduled courses, as well as PC’s available on a first-come, first-served basis to all faculty, students, and staff in Room 103 of the CU-Denver Administration Building.
The Computing Services staff provides assistance to academic and administration users on all computing systems available and on every phase of their use. Advisers are provided to assist students enrolled in computing courses with questions regarding programming and use of the Prime, Cyber, and personal computer systems. Administrative users are assisted in their duties by the data processing staff and a systems analyst. Computing systems at every location on campus are maintained by an operations supervisor and staff who assist faculty and staff with hardware questions and problems.
The goal of the Computing Services department is to assist all members of the CU-Denver community in using computing as an effective tool in their work. For further information call 566-2583.
ACADEMIC PROGRAMS
A bachelor’s degree in computer science is offered through the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The curriculum is planned to give breadth of background in computer science after establishing a solid foundation in mathematics and science. Each




General Information / 29
student will take electives emphasizing computer-related areas. Those who wish to study computers with a heavier emphasis on engineering should consider the electrical engineering program with electives from computer science. See the general information section of the College of Engineering and Applied Science for more information. For information on the M.S. program in computer science, see The Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Students interested in studying computers in depth may designate mathematics/computer science as a primary subject in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences distributed studies major program. For students pursuing a traditional major program in mathematics a special computer science option is available.
In the College of Business and Administration, an area of emphasis is offered on Information Systems. The emphasis is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The emphasis is on management information systems—systems for the collection, organization, accessing, and analysis of information for the planning and control of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied. See the College of Business and Administration general information section of this bulletin for more information.
Division of Continuing Education
Through its Division of Continuing Education (CE), the University of Colorado at Denver provides off-campus credit and noncredit educational opportunities for the life-long learner and the non-traditional student. More than 7,000 employees of business, industry, and government, homemakers, senior citizens, and alumni participated in CE classes, workshops, and seminars during the past year.
To provide easy access to as many students as possible, CE uses the city and its environs as its classroom. CU-Denver’s excellent faculty is teamed with highly talented part-time instructors from the Denver metropolitan area to ensure quality and excellence in instruction. Credit class offerings provide a linkage between CU-Denver’s resident degree program on-campus and the part-time, off-campus student. Programs are specially designed to offer career updating for such professionals as teachers, engineers, geologists, and architects. Off-campus credit classes at Lowry Air Force Base and Fitzsimons Army Medical Center give the military student the opportunity to take core course requirements that will later lead to the completion of a degree.
CE delivers a wide array of noncredit courses for those interested in career updating, personal enrichment, and intellectual stimulation. Specific programs are developed at the request of business and professional groups. These programs include licensing and refresher courses for engineers, accountants, life insurance agents, and architects. Seminars and certificate programs for business and industry are designed to help keep supervisors and managers abreast of new technologies and their management. Courses in the arts and humanities explore such topics as parenting, self-awareness, music and art, photography, languages, and literature.
Through these off-campus programs, and as part of its public service mission, CU-Denver seeks to extend its educational resources to the off-campus student. Individuals, groups, and organizations with special education interests are invited to call the Division of Continuing Education at 556-2735.
Development Program
In 1981-82 CU-Denver established a development program in conjunction with the University of Colorado Foundation Inc. The CU Foundation was established in 1967 at the direction of the Board of Regents of the University as a privately governed, nonprofit corporation, chartered under the laws of the State of Colorado. It is operated exclusively for charitable, scientific, or educational purposes designed to promote the welfare of CU. The CU Foundation and its development offices are the approved agency to solicit, receive, and administer gifts from private sources for the benefit of all campuses.
The Development Program also is integrally related to the Alumni Association and offers leadership to that group.
Center for Environmental Sciences
The Center for Environmental Sciences, funded by federal agencies, industry, and private foundations, conducts basic and applied research focusing on understanding and providing solutions for environmental issues related to natural resource development.
The research programs involve faculty, students, and staff from many disciplines at CU-Denver and other universities in the Rocky Mountain region. While the center does not have a formal education program many students have obtained master’s and Ph.D. degrees while working on center programs. The center’s Analytical Chemistry Laboratory is considered to be one of the premier labs in the nation.
The office of the center is located in the Admin. Bldg., Room 421, telephone 556-3460.
International Education
The Office of International Education on the Boulder campus expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships. The office also arranges study abroad programs and offers over 20 different programs around the globe.
Some of the study abroad programs are of the traditional junior year abroad variety, which places a student directly in a foreign university for an academic year. Such programs are available at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, England; the University of Bourdeaux, France; the University of Costa Rica, San Jose; The American University in Cairo, Egypt; the University of Regensburg, Germany; the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel; the University of Bologna, Italy; Konan University, japan; the University of Seville, Spain; the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Catholic University of Lima, Peru; and Leningrad State University, U.S.S.R. Engineering and commercial Spanish students may be particularly interested in programs at ITESM in Monterrey, Mexico.
For students unable to spend an academic year abroad, programs for a single semester are available with various emphases, particularly on intensive language learning. Students may study beginning-intermediate language in Chambery, France, during the spring semester. In fall, spring, or summer, students may attend a one-semester language program in jalapa, Mexico. Students who wish the experience of a foreign institution may attend a single semester program in San lose, Costa Rica; Rennes, France; or Seville, Spain. Special summer programs, e.g., art


30 / University of Colorado at Denver
history in Italy, are organized with specific departments upon request.
Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign university. A B average with the equivalent of two years of college level work in the appropriate language is required. Financial aid from the University can be applied to program costs in fnost cases, and all credit earned while abroad is considered resident credit.
More information about study abroad programs is available in the International Student Services Office, Central Classroom Bldg., 556-3474, or the Office of International Education, Boulder campus, 492-7741.
VIII. INTERIM AND SHORT-TERM SESSIONS Winter Session
The Winter Session provides an opportunity for CU-Denver students and others who reside in the Denver metropolitan area to accelerate their graduation process by acquiring needed credits toward graduation during the long January vacation break. Approximately 500 students participate in this program, which includes both required and elective credit courses.
Credit received appears on the regular CU-Denver transcript and is fully transferable. Although courses have been compressed into a shorter time span, the required number of class hours is the same as in a regular semester.
Any matriculated student, non-degree student, MSC student, or adult eligible to attend the University may enroll. Persons on academic suspension may also enroll but their enrollment does not constitute readmission to CU-Denver for a regular term (Fall/ Spring). Enrollment in Winter Session does not imply admission to CU-Denver. For further information contact the Office of Admissions and Records, 556-2660.
Short-Term Courses
Some courses are offered in 5-week modules, as well as special week-end courses and seminars. Topics in Science modular courses are self-contained units designed to cover given problems or issues in science. Students should contact the college/school office for information on short-term courses offered each semester.
IX. RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAMS Army
The Department of Military Science offers two Army Reserve Officer Training programs leading to a commission in the active Army, the Army Reserve, or the Army National Guard Forces.
For further information contact the U.S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), Department of Military Science, 1059 Ninth Street, 556-3491.
FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM
The standard four-year program consists of two phases. The basic course, normally completed during the freshman and sophomore years, consists of courses in military science, officer career development, and leadership theory and management. The
advanced course coincides with the junior and senior years. Subject areas include psychology and methods of instruction, tactics and unit operations, military law, history, national strategy, and army policies. Completion of a six-week advanced camp during the summer is required prior to commissioning.
Students should contact the Professor of Military Science (556-3491, 1059 Ninth Street) for specific requirements and options available based on each student’s status at the time of program entry. Students who are veterans of military service or participated in Junior ROTC, Civil Air Patrol, or similar organizations may have a portion or all of the basic course requirements waived by the Professor of Military Science.
TWO-YEAR PROGRAM
The abbreviated two-year program consists of the same courses offered in the advanced course. However, both undergraduate and graduate students may become qualified for this program by successful completion of a six-week summer basic camp, an on-campus summer program (MIS 204), or by completion of specially designed compression courses offered during the spring or summer semesters. If selected for the abbreviated program under these options, students may receive an early commission with the Reserve or National Guard while continuing their college education at the undergraduate or graduate level.
SCHOLARSHIPS
Students selected for a U.S. Army scholarship receive full tuition, flat rate on books, laboratory fees, classroom materials, and a monthly allowance of $100 during each academic year. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend.
High school seniors are eligible to apply for four-year scholarships. Both ROTC and non-ROTC students, enrolled on campus as full-time students, may compete for the three-, two-, and one-year scholarships. All scholarship benefits are tax free, and competition is open to both men and women.
FLIGHT TRAINING
Students selected for the advanced course may become qualified, as cadets, to participate in the Army Aviation Program. These individuals will attend flight school after completion of their officer’s basic course while on active duty.
ARMY ROTC COURSE CREDIT
Army ROTC course credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the Professor of Military Science or dean of their college to clarify the number of credit hours to be awarded.
Air Force
U.S. Air Force ROTC offers two programs leading to commission in the U.S. Air Force upon receipt of the baccalaureate degree. Graduate students may be commissioned upon completion of 12 hours of the professional officer course and a six-week summer training program.


General Information / 31
For further information contact the U.S. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC), Folsom Stadium, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, 492-8351.
STANDARD FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM
This program is in three parts: the general military course for lower division (freshman and sophomore) students, the professional officer course for upper division students, and leadership laboratory (attended by all students). Completion of the general military course is a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course. Completion of a four-week summer training course is required prior to commissioning.
MODIFIED TWO-YEAR PROGRAM
This program is offered to full-time, regularly enrolled degree students at both undergraduate and graduate levels who will have two years remaining at the University of Colorado when they enroll. Selection is on a competitive basis. Applicants should apply directly to the Professor of Aerospace Studies not later than February 1 of the spring semester immediately preceding the academic year in which they desire to enroll in the program. Those selected for this program must complete a six-week field training program during the summer months as a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course the following fall or spring semester.
FLIGHT TRAINING
Expense-paid ground school and flight training are open to cadets approved and qualified for future USAF pilot training.
AIR FORCE COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
Students participating in Air Force ROTC may be eligible to compete for Air Force ROTC College Scholarships. Students selected for this program are placed on grants that pay tuition, book costs, nonrefundable educational fees, and subsistence of $100 per month, tax free. All cadets enrolled in the professional officer course receive $100 per month subsistence during the regular academic year. Students are also eligible to compete for two-, three-, or four-year scholarships open to both men and women.
AFROTC COURSE CREDIT
AFROTC credit for graduation varies with each college. Students should contact the appropriate college or the Professor of Aerospace Studies for determination of credit.
COURSES
See Department of Military Science in the Course Description section of this bulletin for courses offered.
SUPPLEMENTAL COURSES AND LANGUAGE REQUIREMENTS
All AFROTC scholarship students in the General Military Course must successfully complete a course in English composition before they can advance to the Professional Officer Course.
All AFROTC scholarship students must also successfully complete a course in an Indo-European or Asian language prior to commissioning. All Professional Officer Course students must successfully complete a course in mathematical reasoning prior to commissioning.




College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration
Donald L. Stevens, Resident Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
The College of Business and Administration and the Graduate School of Business Administration at CU-Denver offer programs designed to train competent, responsible professionals in management and administrative skills needed by today’s business and government leaders. The College serves students new to this field of study and men and women already in administrative positions. The fact that 80-85 percent of all courses are made available to the working professional in the evening demonstrates the College’s commitment to the professional advancement of its students. The College also promotes research and new thinking about modem administrative and management problems.
The major purpose of the College of Business is to provide opportunities both for a liberal education and for professional training. Programs are designed so that students prepare for effective careers at the same time they are acquiring the broad educational background needed for constructive citizenship and cultural satisfaction.
The Graduate School of Business Administration offers graduate level education in business and health administration to persons with undergraduate degrees in business and other academic fields and prepares them for work in the broad spectrum of business enterprise. All Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) and Master of Science in Health Administration (M.S.H.A.) classes are offered in the evening.
The College was admitted to membership in the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business in 1938. The health administration program was accredited by the Accrediting Commission on Education for Health Services Administration in 1970. Furthermore, the Graduate Program in Health Administration in the College, which offers the Master of Science in Health Administration, is only one of several activities sponsored by the Programs in Health Services Administration. Others include a certificate and intensive graduate program in financial management (called the Executive Graduate Program in Health Care Financial Management), and a Master of Science in Nursing Administration degree jointly sponsored with the University of Colorado School of Nursing. In addition, the graduate program is affiliated with the Center for Health Services Research at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.
The College participates on a continuing basis in the Executive Program for the Gas Industry, the Institute of Organization Management, the Colorado School of Banking, the National Installment Banking School, the School of Bank Marketing, the School
for International Banking, and many activities of the Center for Management and Technical Programs. The College assists in the presentation throughout Colorado of a Certificate Program in Real Estate. The faculty also participate in many continuing education, government, and company educational programs.
The CU-Denver Business Advisory Council and the Health Administration Program Community Advisory Board serve as a direct link with the Denver business community to promote understanding, cooperation, and mutual gain in a variety of education-industry activities.
Career Opportunities
Graduates occupy positions and perform widely varied functions in:
Advertising
Auditing
Banking
Consumer credit and mortgage finance Controllership Credit administration Entrepreneurship Financial management General management Health administration Industrial selling and purchasing Information systems Insurance
International business Investments
Management accounting
Management consulting Marketing management Marketing research Minerals land management Operations research Organization management Personnel — human resources management Production management Public accounting Real estate Retailing
Selling and sales management Taxation
Traffic and distribution
Transportation
Wholesaling
Others hold positions of responsibility in fields as diverse as business journalism, public relations, city planning, chamber of commerce and trade association management, college administration, and government.
Executive and Management Development Programs
The faculty of the College of Business provide custom-designed workshops and seminars through the College’s Center for Management Development. The focus of these programs is to improve business and management practices for special professional groups, senior-level executives, middle managers, or first-line supervisors.


34 / University of Colorado at Denver
Specialized areas of expertise include banking and finance, accounting, marketing, information systems, organizational management, real estate, transportation and distribution, health administration, and others. Needs assessments for such training and development are conducted on request. Executive Programs also offers the CPA Review Course each spring and fall on both the Denver and Boulder campuses. The noncredit course is an intensive preparatory course for all parts of the uniform, national CPA examination. There are 20 Saturday sessions consisting of 73 hours of instruction.
For further information, please write or call:
Center for Management Development University of Colorado at Denver 1100 14th Street Campus Box 149 Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 623-1888
Organization
Within the broad framework of policy established by the Regents of the University of Colorado, policy decisions for the College of Business are made by the Educational Policy Committee of the faculty under the chairmanship of the dean and are subject to review by the faculty as a whole.
The College’s activities at CU-Denver are administered by the resident dean, by the heads of its several instructional divisions, and by other faculty directors of particular programs.
Research Activities
The Business Research Division provides facilities and trained personnel for research on business and economic problems. Established in 1915, the unit serves as the research arm of the College. The division serves Colorado and the surrounding region to improve the general economic welfare of the area and to gather and disseminate business and economic information: encourages research by faculty members and graduate students; and develops closer relationships between students, faculty, and businessmen.
Through its monthly publication, The Colorado Business Review, the division provides basic business information concerning Colorado. Other publications include compilations of business and economic data, industry surveys, studies of special problems in business management, and regional community studies.
The Program in Health Services Administration is affiliated with the Center for Health Services Research at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. In this capacity, faculty participate in applied health services evaluation and policy studies in several areas, including reimbursement, quality assurance, and long-term care.
Student Organizations
Opportunity for association with other College of Business and Administration students, in varied activities intended to stimulate professional interests and to give recognition to scholastic attainment, is provided by the following student organizations:
A1ESEC — international business association
Beta Gamma Sigma — national honorary scholastic fraternity in business
BREC — Buffalo Real Estate Club
CSPA — Colorado Society for Personnel Administration (student chapter) for students interested in personnel or industrial relations
CUAMA — student chapter of the American Marketing Association
HASO — Health Administration Student Organization
ISC — Information Systems Club
MBA Association — University of Colorado association of master’s students in business
Phi Chi Theta — national professional business and economics fraternity
Rho Epsilon — professional real estate fraternity
SAML — Student Association of Minerals Landmen
Sigma Iota Epsilon — professional and honorary management fraternity
Scholarships
Each year the College awards a number of departmental and general scholarships. The amounts of the awards and the number of awards vary each year. For additional information contact the College of Business office, 623-4436.
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Academic policies which apply to all CU-Denver students are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. The policies that follow apply specifically to the College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration.
All students are responsible for knowing and following the provisions set forth in this bulletin. Any questions concerning these provisions or policy changes are to be directed to the College office. The College cannot assume responsibility for problems resulting from a student’s failure to follow the policies stated in the bulletin, or misinformation given by someone other than a staff member of the College. Similarly, students are responsible for all deadlines, rules, and regulations stated in the Schedule of Courses.
Academic Ethics (Dishonesty, Cheating)
Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Cheating, plagiarism, illegitimate possession and disposition of examinations, alteration, forgery, or falsification of official records, and similar acts or the attempt to engage in such acts are grounds for suspension or expulsion from the University. Any reported act of dishonesty may be referred to the College of Business Disciplinary Committee at the discretion of the resident dean, a member of the instructional staff, or other appropriate University representative. In particular, students are advised that plagiarism consists of any act involving the offering of the work of someone else as the student’s own. It is recommended that students consult with their instructors as to the proper preparation of reports, papers, etc., in order to avoid this and similar offenses.
Official College procedures concerning academic ethics are maintained in the resident dean’s office.


College of Business and Administration / 35
Advising and Records
Each undergraduate and graduate student in the College of Business is responsible for knowing and complying with the academic requirements and regulations established for the College and for classes. Students receive their academic counseling from a staff of advisers in the College of Business office. Advising is available throughout the semester by appointment, although individual appointments with the advisers are generally limited during registrations. Students are encouraged to discuss with the faculty of the College the various majors available as well as career opportunities.
Newly admitted business students and former students of the College are automatically mailed credit evaluations as soon as their completed files are received from Admissions. Students may look at their official academic planning sheets any time during advising office hours.
Nonbusiness and prospective students should consider attending advising sessions for interested students. These sessions provide admissions and academic information, requirements, transfer policies, and unofficial transcript evaluations. Please call the College of Business for more complete information.
Registration for Business Courses
Admission to some courses offered by the College will be limited to those students who have been admitted to the College of Business and Administration and to other students as provided below. The course admission criteria are designed to meet a number of objectives:
1. To assure access to business courses for students seeking a business degree.
2. To serve students in other colleges who have business-related educational objectives or requirements.
3. To serve non-degree students who have specific career or educational goals.
In order to serve the needs of nonbusiness degree students, core courses in the College of Business (Acct. 200, B.Ad. 100,1.S. 200, B.Law 300, Fin. 305, Mk. 300, Or.Mg. 330, Pr.Mg. 300, Q.M. 201) will be open to all University of Colorado students in good standing on a space-available basis provided prerequisites are met. However, students admitted to the College of Business will be given priority in registering. For all business courses, nonbusiness degree students will be able to enroll up to a maximum of 21 semester hours.
Admission to noncore business courses will be limited to the following students:
1. Those admitted to the College of Business. (Refer to Model Degree Program in this section.)
2. Nonbusiness degree students who may register for business courses outside the core listed above. However, the total number of College of Business courses may not exceed the 21-semester-hour limit, and students must have the prerequisites for all courses requested. Students intending to transfer to the undergraduate business program should note the College residence requirement outlined under Graduation Requirements.
3. Non-degree students who may enroll for a maximum of 15 semester hours of business courses. Students must have the prerequisites for all courses requested. Students desiring to register for business courses in excess of the 15-hour limit must have the approval of a business academic adviser.
4. Admitted graduate degree students who may enroll for 500-and 600-level graduate business courses. Undergraduate degree and non-degree students generally must register for undergraduate business courses.
Attendance Regulations
Classroom attendance is at the discretion of the instructor. Students are responsible for determining each instructor’s policy on attendance.
Adding and Dropping Courses
See the General Information section of this bulletin for University-wide drop/add policies.
Administrative Drop
The College reserves the right to drop administratively students who are incorrectly enrolled in business courses. Instructors also may recommend to the College of Business and Administration office that students who fail to meet expected course attendance or course prerequisites be dropped from the course. Generally, students who are administratively dropped will not receive tuition refunds.
Withdrawal
Students may withdraw without discredit at any time prior to the start of the final examination period.
Appeal Procedure
Students should contact a business adviser in the College of Business and Administration office for appeal and petition procedures pertaining to rules and regulations of the College.
SPECIFIC UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC POLICIES Standards of Performance
Students are held to basic standards of performance established for their classes with respect to attendance, active participation in course work, promptness in completion of assignments, correct English usage both in writing and in speech, accuracy in calculations, and general quality of scholastic workmanship.
In general, examinations are required in all courses and for all students, including graduating seniors.
To be in good standing, students must have an overall grade-point average of not less than 2.0 (C = 2.0) for all course work attempted and a 2.0 average for all business courses attempted. This applies to work taken at all University campuses. Activity physical education and remedial courses are not included in the overall average.
When semester grades become available, students below standard will be notified of (1) probationary status or (2) suspension. Students are responsible for being aware of their academic standing at all times, and late grades and/or notification do not waive this responsibility.
College rules governing probation and suspension are as follows:
1. Any student whose overall grade average, or business course average, is less than 2.0 will be placed on probation immediately. A student may be removed from probation when the overall average and the business average have been raised to 2.0.


56 / University of Colorado at Denver
2. A student will remain on probation as long as the student maintains normal degree progress each semester as determined by the College, and obtains no grade below a C; such probationary status may continue a maximum of four regular semesters (including summer), providing these provisions have been met. Failure to meet these provisions will result in indefinite suspension.
3. Indefinitely suspended students may attend the University of Colorado summer term in order to improve their grade averages in the area of deficiency, but may not attend any division of the University for at least two regular (fall and spring) semesters.
4. A student who has been under indefinite suspension for one calendar year may petition for readmission to the College of Business and Administration. If readmitted, that readmission will be on a probationary status. After being readmitted under such probationary status, any student who fails to comply with the requirements of his/her probation will be subject to permanent suspension.
5. Any student who is placed on suspension more than once will be permanently suspended from the College of Business.
6. Any student earning all failing grades or no academic credit for the semester will not be permitted to register without the resident dean’s approval.
7. Official combined degree students are required to maintain the same standards of performance as College of Business students in order to be continued in the combined business program.
Scholastic Load
The normal scholastic load of an undergraduate business student is 15 semester hours, with a maximum of 18 hours during the fall/spring semesters and 12 hours during summer terms. A maximum of 3 hours can be taken during the interim/vacation session. Hours carried concurrently in the Division of Continuing Education, whether in classes or through correspondence, are included in the student’s load.
Grading and Policies
See the General Information section for University-wide grading system and pass/fail policy.
Plus/Minus Grading. College of Business faculty have the option to use plus/minus grading effective with the Spring 1984 Semester. For example, B + corresponds to 3.3 credit points (for each semester hour), B- corresponds to 2.7 credit points.
Pass/Fail Option. Students in the College of Business and Administration may not take required business or nonbusiness courses, or business elective courses, on a pass/fail basis. Only nonbusiness electives may be taken pass/fail. A maximum of 16 hours of pass/fail credit may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business; transfer students may take 1 hour pass/fail for every 8 hours successfully completed at this institution. Pass/fail determination must be made within the posted deadline and is irreversible. A maximum of 6 hours pass/fail may be taken in any one semester.
Failed Courses. A failed course may be repeated, but the Twill be included in the grade-point average and will appear on the transcript.
Incomplete Grades. The only incomplete grade given in the College is IF. An IF grade is assigned only when documented circumstances clearly beyond the student’s control prevent the student from completing course requirements (exams, papers,
etc.). Generally, students must make up the missing work and may not retake the entire course. Students should not register for the class a second time but should make up the work with the instructor giving the IF. All IF grades must be made up within one year, or the IF will be changed to a grade of F.
Grade Changes. Final grades as reported by instructors are to be considered permanent and final. Grade changes will be considered only in cases of documented clerical errors and must be approved by the resident dean.
Honors Program — Undergraduate
Upon recommendation of the faculty, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation.
Students must achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.3 and a grade-point average of 3.5 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado to be considered for cum laude.
Those who achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.5 and a grade-point average of 3.7 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado will be considered for magna cum laude.
Credit
To receive credit, all courses must be listed on the student’s permanent record page by the Office of Admissions and Records. Credit is then evaluated by the College of Business to determine degree acceptability. Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus are credited toward degree requirements if appropriate to the degree program.
Transfer Credit
Credits in business and nonbusiness subjects transferred from other institutions will be limited to the number of credit hours given for equivalent work in the regular offerings of the University. Only work from regionally accredited institutions will transfer to the College. In general, the College will limit transfer credit for business courses taken at a lower division level to such courses as the College offers at that level. Actual equivalent courses usually may be substituted for required courses. However, students must verify with advisers that courses are equivalent. Careful checking is required. A course given at another institution may have the same name and same textbook as a required business course and still be taught with a nonbusiness emphasis or other variations that gives it little value for business.
A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. Remedial or vocational work does not transfer. Business courses from junior colleges will not be applied toward degree requirements if the course work is offered at the junior-senior level at CU-Denver.
Business students desiring to take work at another institution or another campus of the University of Colorado and apply the work toward the B.S. degree in business must have prior approval of a College of Business adviser. No credit will be given for courses without the proper approval. Grades of C or better must be earned to receive degree credit. Generally, only elective credit is acceptable in transfer from other institutions once the student has enrolled in the College.
All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. Transfer students must take a minimum of 30 semester hours of business courses at the University after admission to the College of Business.


College of Business and Administration / 37
For a detailed explanation of transfer credit, see the General Information section of this bulletin.
Correspondence Credit
A business adviser’s approval is required prior to registering for correspondence courses. Required business courses and area of emphasis courses cannot be taken by correspondence. All correspondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability.
Credit by Examination
College Level Examination credits (CLEP subject examinations only) are acceptable toward degree requirements. Specific information is available in the College of Business and Administration office. Students seeking credit for CLEP must have prior approval of a business academic adviser.
CLEP credit will be applied in the same manner as transfer credits. For credit, students must rank in the 67th percentile based on national available norms. Generally, CLEP credit is only appropriate for (a) nonbusiness requirements and (b) nonbusiness electives. A maximum of 6 hours of credit in any one course area is allowed. CLEP may not be used in course areas where credit has already been allowed. General examinations are not acceptable.
Advanced Placement (CEEB) credit will be given where appropriate to students who make scores of 3, 4, or 5.
Special Sources of Credit
Without prior approval of the resident dean, the College reserves the discretion of accepting or rejecting all special sources of credit. A maximum of 6 hours of physical education, theory, recreation or dance credits can be accepted toward graduation.
Up to 6 hours of experimental studies, independent study programs, and other nontraditional types of credit can be accepted toward graduation, but prior approval of a business adviser is required. A maximum of 3 hours of this type of credit may be taken in any one semester.
Junior or senior business students desiring to work beyond regular business course coverage may take variable credit courses (1 to 3 semester hours) under the direction of an instructor who approves the project, but the student must have prior approval. Information and request forms are available in the College of Business and Administration office. The request form must be signed by the instructor, division head of the student’s area of emphasis, and resident dean.
To receive credit for business or nonbusiness independent study courses and experimental studies, students must obtain the dean’s approval prior to registering for the course. Further information and forms are available in the College office.
No credit is given for work-experience, internships, or Cooperative Education programs.
ROTC Credit
Students who are enrolled in and complete the ROTC program may apply a maximum of 12 semester hours of advanced ROTC credit toward nonbusiness elective requirements and toward the 120-semester-hour total degree requirement for the B.S. degree in business. No credit toward requirements is granted for basic (freshman and sophomore) ROTC courses. The ROTC adviser can provide more detailed information.
Study Abroad Credit
Study abroad programs are available for students who are interested in international business or in cultural experiences abroad. One such program is the London Seminar in International Finance, a month-long 6-credit-hour program held each summer in the financial district of London, England. The seminar is open to juniors and seniors in the College of Business and Administration who have completed at least one course in international finance or international trade.
Transfer credit from study abroad programs is most appropriately applied as nonbusiness elective credit. Students are responsible for checking with a business adviser for approval prior to the semester in which they intend to study abroad. Information on the various study abroad programs is available at the Office of International Education on the Boulder campus.
No Credit
Due to space limitation, business classes may not be taken on a no-credit basis.
Special Student Hours
Accepted business students may transfer toward undergraduate degree requirements a maximum of 12 hours of work taken as a special student. Approval of the resident dean is required.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM
The undergraduate curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science (Business) degree is intended to help the student achieve the following general objectives:
1. Understanding of the activities that constitute business enterprise and of the principles underlying administration of those activities.
2. Ability to think through logically and analytically the kinds of complex problems encountered by management.
3. Facility in the arts of communication.
4. Comprehension of the human relationships involved in an organization.
5. Awareness of the social and ethical responsibilities of those in administrative positions.
6. Skill in the art of learning that will help the student continue self-education after leaving the campus.
Admission of Freshman Students
See the General Information section for admission and application procedures.
Prospective students in business are encouraged to pursue a broad college preparatory program in high school, with particular emphasis on English, mathematics, the social sciences, and science skills. The College expects entering freshmen to present 16 units of the secondary course work.
Admission of Transfer Students
See the General Information section of this bulletin for admission and application procedures.


38 / University of Colorado at Denver
Intrauniversity Transfer
Students who want to transfer to the College of Business and Administration from another college or school of the University must formally apply at the College of Business office. A minimum University of Colorado grade-point average, business course grade-point average, and minimum number of academic hours (both established by the College) are required for consideration. Transfer deadlines are July 15 for fall, November 15 for spring, and April 15 for summer.
The College will consider each application based upon the student’s academic standing, the quality of the student’s academic work, and the courses completed.
To apply for an intrauniversity transfer, students must submit an Intra-University Transfer form and CU-Denver transcript to a business adviser. Forms are available at CU-Denver Admissions or the College of Business office; transcript request forms are available at CU-Denver Records. The transcript must include the student’s most recent semester at the University. Students with previous course work from other institutions are also required to submit a copy of their transfer credit evaluations (advanced standings).
Combined Programs and Double Degree Programs
Official combined programs are available only in conjunction with the College of Engineering and Applied Science, the College of Design and Planning (Boulder campus), the School of Journalism (Boulder campus), and the School of Pharmacy (Boulder campus). These combined programs and double degree programs with the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences require approval of the deans of both colleges. Students in a double degree program must complete at least 150 semester hours of course work. Students desiring admission to combined and double degree programs must apply to and be accepted by the College of Business. Applications are available from a business adviser.
Second Undergraduate Degree
Students may apply to the College of Business and Administration to earn a second undergraduate degree, provided the first undergraduate degree is in a field other than business. The student who is accepted for the second undergraduate degree will be required to pursue courses in the sequence normally required for a degree plan. For example, if a student registered for the second degree has not had the required mathematics or general education courses, these must be taken before the student will be eligible to register for business courses. Further, the basic business courses (core courses) must be taken before a student begins to pursue the major field. Applications are available through the Office of Admissions and Records.
Applicants for the second undergraduate degree are required to have a personal interview with a business adviser. Eligible students will be notified when their admissions files are complete and interviews are desired.
If a student applying for a second undergraduate degree has an academic record that justifies consideration for the graduate program, that student will be encouraged to consider one of the master’s programs.
Graduation Requirements
The student alone is responsible for the fulfillment of these requirements. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to a business academic adviser.
The Bachelor of Science (Business) degree requires:
1. Total Credits. A total of 120 acceptable semester hours of credit, of which at least 54 hours must be in nonbusiness courses (including 9 hours of upper division work) and at least 51 hours in business courses. The remaining 15 hours may be in either, or some combination of both. The College reserves the right to disallow any credit that is not appropriate academic credit as determined by the College. All incomplete grades and correspondence course grades must be completed and recorded at the Office of Admissions and Records no later than four weeks prior to graduation. The student is responsible for contacting the instructor concerning the removal of incomplete grades.
2. Residence. Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business courses, after admission to the College of Business and Administration, including the 12 hours in the area of emphasis. Business courses completed at any University of Colorado campus after the candidate has been admitted to the College are acceptable toward this requirement.
3. Grade Average. A minimum cumulative scholastic grade average of 2.0 for all courses attempted at the University acceptable toward the B.S. (Business) degree, 2.0 for all business courses, and 2.0 in the four required courses for the student’s area of emphasis, must be maintained.
4. Graduation With Honors. Upon recommendation of the faculty of the College of Business, students who demonstrate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation. Please refer to the Honors Program under the Information About the College section.
5. Filing for Graduation. Students must fde an Undergraduate Candidacy form and Diploma Card, and request a senior audit from a business adviser prior to registering for their final semester. Failure to do so may delay graduation. Also, students desiring to change their area of emphasis after filing for graduation must have the change approved by the graduation supervisor prior to registering for their final semester. Changes after that time will delay graduation.
6. Courses. Completion of all of the following required courses:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Area of emphasis.............................................. 12
Mathematics.................................................... 6
Communication and composition.................................. 6
Core requirements (basic courses in accounting, business law,
business statistics, business and society or government,
information systems, marketing, finance, organization
management, production and operations management
and business policy) ............................................... 30
Electives
Business ............................................................ 9
Nonbusiness (to include 9 hours of upper division work) .......... 15
Free electives (either business or nonbusiness electives) .......... 15
General psychology...................................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective............................................... 3
Introductory sociology or cultural anthropology......................... 3
Natural science (astro-geophysics, biology, chemistry, earth science, physical geography, geological sciences,
and physics)......................................................... 6
Political science ...................................................... 6
Principles of economics ............................................... 6
Total 120


College of Business and Administration / 39
7. Guidelines for Elective Credits. Elective credits should be selected carefully as not all classes are acceptable. Generally, to be acceptable, electives must be taught by regular University of Colorado faculty, must have a form of assessment such as a term paper and/or examinations, and must be regular classroom-type classes. Course coverage must be college level, not repetitious of other work applied toward the degree, must be academic as opposed to vocational/technical, and must be part of regular University offerings.
Specifically, the College will accept:
a. A maximum of 6 hours of theory physical education, recreation, and dance theory, and
b. A maximum of 6 hours of approved independent study, experimental studies, choir, band, music lessons, art lessons, and
c. A maximum of 12 hours of advanced ROTC providing the student is enrolled in the program and completes the total program.
The College will not accept:
Activity physical education, recreation, workshops, internships, orientations, dance, graduate-level courses, teaching methods, practicums, and courses reviewing basic skills in computers, English composition, mathematics, and chemistry.
The above examples are not exclusive but are intended to provide guidelines. The College of Business reserves the right to disallow any credit that is not appropriate academic credit as determined by the College. Any questions concerning electives should be directed to a College of Business academic adviser.
Model Degree Program
lunior Year
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing .................................... 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance.............................................. 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization.............. 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management..................... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law ............................................. 3
Business electives................................................... 3
Nonbusiness elective7................................................ 6
Either business or nonbusiness electives7............................ 6
Total 30
Senior Year
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy,
and Entrepreneurship............................................. 3
B.Ad. 411. Business and Society or B.Ad. 410. Business
and Government................................................... 3
Area of emphasis.................................................... 12
Business elective.................................................... 3
Either business or nonbusiness electives7............................ 9
Total 30
Area of Emphasis
Each candidate for the B.S. (Business) degree must complete the prescribed courses in an area of emphasis comprising a minimum of 12 semester hours taken at the University of Colorado. A
2.0 average is required for the four required area courses. Typically, students select an area of emphasis from those offered after taking several of the “core” courses. Then they take the hours required for their selected area. Available areas of emphasis are:
Accounting
Finance
Information systems International business Marketing
Minerals land management Organization management Personnel-human resources management
Production and operations management
Public agency administration Real estate
Small business management Transportation and distribution management
The following sequence of courses is a guide to registration.
Freshman Year Semester Hours
Engj. 102 or 103. English Composition............................. 3
Comm. 202 or 210. Communication Theory or Public Speaking ........ 3
Math. 107. Algebra for Social Science and Business' .............. 3
Math. 108. Calculus for Social Science and Business'.............. 3
P.Sci. 100. Introduction to Political Science2 * ................. 3
P. Sci. 110. American Political System .......................... 3
Soc. 100. Introduction to Sociology5 ............................. 3
B.Ad. 1004 ......................................................... 3
Natural Science .................................................... 6
Total 30
Sophomore Year
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (macro/micto)5......... 8
Psy. 100. Introduction to Psychology ............................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective6 ......................................... 3
I.S. 200. Business Information and the Computer .................... 3
Q. M. 201. Business Statistics.................................... 3
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting .................... 3
Nonbusiness electives7 ............................................. 7
Total 30
Students so desiring may accomplish the effect of a dual area of emphasis by careful selection of courses and use of elective hours for the second area.
'Math. 107 and 3 hours of college level calculus (Math. 108 is recommended). College algebra carries no degree credit and may not be used in lieu of Math. 107. Transfer students will receive credit for courses that are equivalent to Math. 107 and 108.
^e following are also acceptable to fulfill the P.Sci. 100 requirement: P.Sci 300, 304, 306, 310, 340, 353, 355, 365.
’The following are also acceptable to fulfill the Soc. 100 requirement: Soc. 119,250, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384, and Cultural Anthropology.
4This course is recommended for freshmen, sophomores, and non-degree students; applies as a business elective.
5Six hours are required. The two additional credits earned in economics apply as nonbusiness elective credit.
6Three hours selected from the following courses: (1) History course, 100-200 level;
(2) a behavioral psychology course (Psy. 315 and 499 are strongly recommended);
(3) Phil. 101, 120, 220; (4) Cultural Anthropology or Soc. 100, 119, 250, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384. Group 4 courses are acceptable only if not used to fulfill the sociology requirement.
7For completion of the B.S. (Business) degree requirements, the student’s program must include at least 9 semester hours in upper division, nonbusiness courses (300 or 400 level). Graduate level courses will not apply and carry no degree credit.


40 / University of Colorado at Denver
ACCOUNTING
Accounting courses are offered in several fields of professional accountancy at the intermediate, advanced, and graduate levels. They provide preparation for practice in one or more of the following fields:
Auditing Data processing and
Financial accounting control systems
Managerial accounting Teaching and research
Tax accounting
In all of these fields a thorough knowledge of the social, legal, economic, and political environment is needed. A high degree of analytical ability and communication skill is indispensable.
Courses in English composition, speech, ethics and logic are desirable. Courses in statistics and information systems, beyond the required College of Business core courses, are highly recommended.
The undergraduate area of emphasis in accounting consists of 12 hours beyond Acct. 200 and 202.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Acct. 322. Intermediate Financial Accounting 1................... 3
Acct. 323. Intermediate Financial Accounting II................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting........................................ 3
Accounting elective............................................... 3
Students planning to pursue accounting as a career usually take more than the required 12 hours. Many students take a total of about 30 hours of accounting, often taking two courses each semester in their junior and senior years. Students should work closely with the accounting faculty in planning their accounting programs.
Students planning to take the CPA examination should take 30 hours of accounting and also be well prepared in statistics, business law, finance, and economics.
Graduate study in accounting is receiving increasing emphasis by professional organizations and employers. Students meeting admission" requirements should consider continuing their education at the graduate level.
FINANCE
The principal areas of study in finance are financial management, monetary policy, banking, investments, and insurance. Finance is intended to give an understanding of fundamental theory pertaining to finance and to develop ability to make practical applications of the principles and techniques of sound financial management in business affairs. Every endeavor is made to train students to think logically about financial problems and to formulate sound financial decisions and policies. It is necessary to understand the importance of finance in the economy and the functions and purposes of monetary systems, credit, prices, money markets, and financial institutions. Emphasis is placed on financial policy, management, control, analysis, and decision making. Numerous opportunities are to be found with financial institutions and in the field of business finance. Acct. 202 is a prerequisite for this area.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Fin. 401. Business Finance I .................................... 3
Fin. 402. Business Finance II.................................... 3
Fin. 433. Investment and Portfolio Management.................... 3
Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy............................. 3
Recommended Elective Courses
Fin. 440. International Financial Management..................... 3
Fin. 434. Security Analysis ..................................... 3
Fin. 463. Bank Management........................................ 3
R.Es. 454. Real Estate Finance................................... 3
Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance................................ 3
Students should note that all finance courses are not offered every semester. Finance majors are encouraged to take additional accounting courses as business electives.
INFORMATION SYSTEMS
The information systems area is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The student develops those technical skills and administrative insights required for the analysis of information systems, the design and implementation of systems, and the management of data processing operations. The emphasis is on management information systems — systems for the collection, organization, accessing, and analysis of information for the planning and control of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied extensively. Students should note that not all courses are offered each semester.
Required Prerequisite Courses Semester Hours
1.5. 200. Business Information Systems and the Computer
(formerly B.Ad. 200) ............................................. 3
Q.M. 201. Business Statistics ....................................... 3
1.5. 220. Business Programming I: Structured COBOL ................ 3
1.5. 221. Business Programming II: Structured COBOL and
Physical File Organization Techniques ............................ 3
Required Courses
(The following two courses)
1.5. 465. Systems Analysis and Design I ........................... 3
1.5. 466. Systems Analysis and Design II........................... 3
(Two of the following five courses)
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistical Analysis for Decision Support .......................................................... 3
1.5. 330. Operations Research for Decision Support................... 3
1.5. 350. Logical Data Structures and Database Management
Systems .......................................................... 3
1.5. 470. Computer and Information Technology........................ 3
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and
Control........................................................... 3
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
In recent years, companies have completely reoriented their thinking, planning, and operations to capitalize on the opportunities offered in the world marketplace. Every phase of business operation is affected by this reorientation, and individuals who offer the appropriate skills, training, and orientation are in great demand.
The program reflects the basic principle that effectiveness in international business is based on a thorough training in business


College of Business and Administration / 41
administration. The international business program provides the opportunity to build on these skills. The student electing this area must complete 15 semester hours as follows:
Required Courses Semester Hours
Econ. 441. International Trade and Finance (applies as a
nonbusiness elective)................................................ 5
B.Ad. 440. International Business Seminar (Boulder campus) ............. 3
Fin. 440. International Financial Management ........................... 3
Tr. Mg. 458. International Transportation................................ 3
Mk. 490. International Marketing......................................... 3
Because of the availability of courses on the Denver campus, the requirements for this area may vary from those listed for the Boulder campus. Students must see an academic adviser for course scheduling.
A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements for the second area can be included as part of the business and free elective hours. Foreign language skills are much sought after by business recruiters for this field. Other courses emphasizing international affairs may be elected from the following departments: anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Students interested in this area may start their preparation by electing language and other liberal arts and sciences courses in their program.
MARKETING
Marketing is concerned with analyzing the market for a product or service, planning and developing that product, determining the most appropriate distribution channels, pricing the product, and promoting it. Today the administrative policies and practices of any well-managed firm should be marketing-oriented toward the consumer.
The career opportunities in marketing reflect the business person’s awareness of the importance of this field. Today many individuals are rising to top executive positions by the marketing route. There are more executive and other job opportunities for women in the marketing field than in any other single area outside teaching or secretarial work. One out of every four people gainfully employed in this country is in a marketing position.
Career opportunities abound in personal selling, advertising, sales management, marketing research, retailing, wholesaling, marketing by manufacturers, international marketing, etc.
Required Courses Semester Hours
Mk. 330. Marketing research.................................... 3
Marketing electives (beyond Mk. 300)...........................9
MINERALS LAND MANAGEMENT
The curriculum in minerals land management is designed to incorporate the primary course patterns of the College of Business and Administration along with certain field area preparation in geology, chemistry, economics, and land management.
With this preparation, the graduate is a candidate for entry into employment as a landman, exploration trainee, lease broker, and other jobs related to the minerals industry. Colorado is presently the headquarters for a wide assortment of resource-based com-
panies operating throughout the western United States and Canada. These companies need qualified employees and have helped in the preparation of the program.
The four-year program will consist of all College of Business requirements and must include the following courses. No required courses (business or nonbusiness) may be taken pass/ fail. Because of the current status of the petroleum and mineral industries, students pursuing the minerals land management area are encouraged to select a second area of emphasis to supplement the primary area.
1. Nonbusiness courses Semester Hours
Geol. 207 and 208. Physical Geology and Geophysics'...............8
Geology/Geography Option* 2 *......................................6
Chem. 101 or 103. General Chemistry.........................1.....5
2. Business Courses3 ............................................ 3
Acct. 202. Introduction to Managerial Accounting...................3
R.Es. 300. Principles of Real Estate .............................3
Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting4................................. 3
3. A minimum of 12 hours for the major area is required as specified below:
Required Courses
(The following four courses)
M.L. Mg. 485. Minerals Landman Administration......................3
M.L. Mg. 495. Oil-Gas and Mineral Law.............................. 3
Fin. 401. Business Finance I....................................... 3
R.Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate Transactions .............. 3
Minerals Landman Administration and Oil-Gas and Mineral Law are given only once a year. These two courses are to be taken after the completion of all lower division requirements and at least 90 semester hours of work toward the M.L.M. major.
Recommended Elective Courses Semester Hours
R.Es. 430. Real Estate Appraisal................................3
B. Law 412. Business Law...................................... 3
Econ. 453. Natural Resources Economics......................... 3
Econ. 454. Environmental Economics .............................3
Econ. 476. Government Regulation of Business................... 3
Econ. 477, 478. Economic Development — Theory
and Problems 1, II ..........................................6
1.5. 220. Business Programming 1: Structured COBOL............. 3
1.5. 350. Logical Data Structures and Database
Management Systems ..........................................3
C. E. 130. Introduction to Civil Engineering..................2
C.E. 221. Plane Surveying ..................................... 3
ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT
The organization management curriculum provides the foundation for careers in supervision and general management in a
'Geol. 201 may be substituted for Geol. 207.
2 A minimum of 6 hours of the following geology or geography courses (3 hours of geology must be included in the 6 hours: these may be not be taken pass/fail): Geological Development of Colorado and the West (Geol. 153): Petroleum Technology (Geol. 309); Structural Geology (Geol. 312); Sedimentation and Stratigraphy (Geol. 342); Environmental Geology (Geol 370); Geohydrology (Geol. 404); Principles of Geomorphology (Geol. 463); Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting (Geol. 493); Mineral Resources and World Affairs (Geol. 494); Map Interpretation (Geog. 306); Geographic Interpretation of Aerial Photos (Geog. 406).
’Apply as business electives.
4B.Ad. 495. Topics in Business: Introduction to Oil-Gas Accounting, may be substituted for Acct. 441.


42 / University of Colorado at Denver
wide variety of organizations. It develops understanding and skill in management practice. The emphasis is on combining both the human resources and the appropriate operations technologies into productive organizations.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following two courses)
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups ................. 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations........................ 3
(At least two of the following)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations ........................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.................... 3
PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social
Issues......................................................... 3
PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development and Compensation.................................................. 3
Recommended Electives
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and
Control ....................................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and Productivity
Management..................................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 447, Policy Analysis in Production and Operations
Management..................................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management .................. 3
B.Ad. 470. Small Business — Management and Operation ............. 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting........................................ 3
PERSONNEL — HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Personnel — human resources management offers opportunities for students to develop professional competence in the areas of personnel administration and labor relations. Students develop understanding and skill in developing and implementing personnel systems including recruitment, selection, evaluation, training, and motivation of employees, and union-management relations.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following four courses)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations ........................... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.................... 3
PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal
and Social Issues .............................................. 3
PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning,
Development and Compensation ................................... 3
Recommended Electives
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups ................. 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations......................... 3
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and
Productivity Management......................................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting......................................... 3
l.S. 350. Logical Data Structures and Database
Management Systems ............................................. 3
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics ................................. 3
Soc. 305. Sociology of Work........................................ 3
Econ. 461. Labor Economics......................................... 3
Psy. 485. Principles of Psychological Testing...................... 3
Psy. 487. Personality Assessment................................... 3
PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT
Production and operations management studies are designed to prepare students for careers as production manager, operations
manager, management analyst, or systems analyst in such private sector organizations as manufacturing, banking, insurance, hospitals, and construction, as well as in a variety of municipal, state, and federal organizations.
Production or operations managers may be charged with the design, implementation, operation, and maintenance of the production systems. Managerial activities could include forecasting demand, production planning and inventory control, scheduling labor and equipment, job design and labor standards, quality control, purchasing, and facilities location and layout.
The outlook for jobs in this area continues to be strong in the 1980s. This placement is aided by the student chapter of the American Production and Inventory Control Society and work intern programs provided to qualified students. Participation in live case research and consulting projects with local organizations is usually an integral part of this course of study.
Students whose major areas of emphasis are information systems, transportation management, or engineering will find the production management 400-level courses to be particularly well related to their courses of study. Students should plan their schedules carefully as required courses are not offered every semester.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(The following three courses)
1.5. 330. Operations Research for Decision Support .............. 3
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control........ 3
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis and Production and
Operations Management .......................................... 3
(One of the following courses)
Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and Productivity Management 3 Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management ................... 3
Recommended Electives
1.5. 220. Business Programming I: Structured COBOL .............. 3
Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups ................ 3
Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations....................... 3
PHR 434. Labor and Employee Relations............................ 3
PHR 438. Personnel Administration: Employment ................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting......................................... 3
Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics.................................. 3
Geog. 341. Economic Geography: Manufacturing....................... 3
Geog. 465. Location Analysis ...................................... 3
Students planing to take the AP1CS (American Production and Inventory Control Society) or NAPM (National Association for Purchasing Management) certification examinations should consult with an adviser to determine which elective courses should be taken.
PUBLIC AGENCY ADMINISTRATION
Public agency administration is designed to prepare students for careers in management of governmental or other nonprofit service organizations. The curriculum in public agency administration provides the student with a foundation of core courses upon which to construct an area of emphasis which will focus on the type of service organization the student desires to enter upon graduation.


College of Business and Administration / 43
Required Courses Semester Hours
Acct. 480. Business and Governmental Budgeting and Control.... 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment................ 3
l.S. 330. Operations Research for Decision Support ........... 3
Business elective (determined by the area adviser)............ 3
REAL ESTATE
Real estate careers require knowledge of real estate investment, urban land economics, real estate law, appraising, finance, taxes, management, sales, and accounting.
Real estate is one segment of the economy in which it is still possible for persons to be their own boss whether as a broker, appraiser, developer, syndicator or property manager. R.Es. 300 (Principles of Real Estate Practice) is a prerequisite for the area.
Required Courses Semester Hours
R.Es. 430. Residential and Income Property Appraising............ 3
R.Es. 454. Real Estate Financing................................. 3
R. Es. 473. Legal Aspects of Real Estate......................... 3
R.Es. 401. Real Estate Development or R.Es. 433. Real Estate Investments ............................... 3
It is strongly recommended that any student planning to sit for the Colorado broker’s examination take all six of the real estate courses. Additional preparatory courses for a real estate career are:
Suggested Courses Semester Hours
Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting............................... 3
Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance............................... 3
Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy ........................... 3
Fin. 433. Investment and Portfolio Management .................. 3
Mk. 310. Salesmanship........................................... 3
Mk. 320. Consumer Behavior ..................................... 3
Mk. 470. Sales Management ...................................... 3
M.L.Mg. 485. Minerals Landman Administration .................. 3
SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Small business management studies provide understanding, knowledge, and skills in organizing and managing a small business. The emphasis is on the managerial aspects of the wide range of activities required of the entrepreneur.
A seccond area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements of the second area can be included as part of business or free electives. Additional courses in management, finance, accounting, and marketing should be planned in consultation with the adviser to serve individual career needs. B.Ad. 452 (Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneur-ship) is recommended to satisfy the business policy requirement.
Required Courses Semester Hours
B.Ad. 470. Small Business — Management and Operation ............. 3
(Two or three of the following four courses)
Fm. 401. Business Finance I....................................... 3
Acct. 332. Cost Accounting........................................ 3
PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment.................... 3
Mk. 480. Marketing Strategies and Policies........................ 3
(The fourth course may be selected from the following)
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations ........................... 3
Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control......... 3
Recommended Electives
Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and
Operations Management ....................................... 3
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management............. 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management ................ 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management ...................... 3
Fin. 402. Business Finance II................................... 3
TRANSPORTATION AND DISTRIBUTION MANAGEMENT
The curriculum in transportation management includes the role of transportation in society and the problems of traffic management within specific industries as well as the management of firms in the transportation industry, such as airlines, trucking firms, railroads, and urban transit firms. International transportation management problems and policies are analyzed.
One of the recommended elective courses may be substituted with consent of the adviser for one of the required courses if there is a schedule conflict, if the course is not available, or if a student demonstrates a career need for such a course.
Required Courses Semester Hours
(Any four of the following six courses)
Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management............... 3
Tr.Mg. 452. Problems in Surface Transportation Management ........ 3
Tr.Mg. 456. Air Transportation...................................... 3
Tr.Mg. 457. Urban Transportation.................................... 3
Tr.Mg. 458. International Transportation ......................... 3
Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management ........................ 3
Recommended Electives
PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations ........................... 3
Tr.Mg. 451. Survey of Transportation: Law and Freight Claims ..... 3
Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management .................. 3
Mk. 490. International Marketing.................................... 3
Geog. 461. Urban Geography: Economic ............................. 3
Geog. 463. Transportation Geography................................. 3
COMBINED PROGRAMS
Numerous career opportunities exist for persons trained in both a specialized field and management. For this reason, students may be interested in combined programs of study leading to completion of degree requirements concurrently in two fields. Such combined programs have been arranged for engineering and business, pharmacy and business, and environmental design and business and may be arranged for other professional combinations as well.
The two programs of study proceed concurrently, terminating together with the awarding of two degrees. Generally, at least five years and/or a minimum of 150 semester hours will be needed for such combined programs. No substitutions are allowed in this program. Students desiring to transfer from combined programs to the College of Business must apply and will be considered as intrauniversity transfers.
For students in combined programs, the requirements for the degree in business are as follows:
1. An application for admission to the combined program must be filed with the College of Business and approved by the deans of both colleges. Contact a business academic adviser for the appropriate forms.


44 / University of Colorado at Denver
2. Completion of at least 50 semester hours in business and economics, to include Econ. 201 and 202 (8 semester hours), required courses in business (30 semester hours), and a business area of emphasis (12 semester hours).
3. Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business courses at the University of Colorado while concurrently enrolled in the College of Business.
4. Completion of nonbusiness requirements in mathematics, communications, and the social and behavioral sciences in a degree program approved in advance by the College of Business. In addition, for some courses and areas of emphasis, there are prerequisite requirements which must be met.
5. At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business, the area of emphasis, and the University of Colorado. Students in a combined degree program are subject to all policies of the College of Business.
6. Any combined degree student who does not make reasonable progress toward the completion of the business degree requirements, as determined by the College of Business, may be dropped from the program.
Shown below is the combined engineering-business program. For other combinations, students should consult with an academic adviser in the College of Business.
The requirements for all combined business and engineering programs are as follows:
Required Nonbusiness Semester Hours
General Physics ..................................................... 10
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus........................... 4
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra
(or Math. 315, 319 or 320)...................................... 4
Econ. 201-202. Principles of Economics ............................. 8
Engl. 120/130. Introduction to Fiction/Drama and Poetry ........................................................ 6
P. Sci. 110. American Political System ............................ 3
Political Science elective selected from Business list.............. 3
Psy. 100. Introduction to Psychology ................................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective selected from Business list..................3
Total 44
Required Business
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting .................... 3
I.S. 200. Business Information and the Computer .................... 3
Q. M. 201. Business Statistics.................................... 3
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing ..................................... 3
Fin. 305. Basic finance............................................... 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management.................... 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization............... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law .............................................. 3
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government or B.Ad. 411.
Business and Society.............................................. 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy. Policy and Entrepreneurship ... 3
Specified courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields: accounting, information systems, finance, international business, marketing, minerals land management, production and operations management, organization management, personnel — human resources management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and distribution management.
Area of emphasis................................................_12
Total 42
Business electives may be optional or required, depending on the student’s area of emphasis.
GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS
The graduate program leading to the Master of Business Administration degree is offered through the Graduate School of Business Administration. Graduate programs leading to the Doctor of Business Administration and Master of Science are offered through the University’s Graduate School. Master’s degree programs in business are accredited by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business.
Requirements for Admission — Master's Programs
Admission to the master’s programs will be determined by the following criteria:
1. The applicant’s total academic record. (The bachelor’s degree must be from a regionally accredited college or university.)
2. The applicant’s scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). This test is given four times each year at numerous centers throughout the world. For information and to make application for the test, write to the Educational Testing Service, P.O. Box 966, Princeton, New Jersey 08541.
In general, students failing to meet minimum standards are not admitted on a provisional status. Seniors in this University who have satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who need not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet requirements for bachelor’s degrees may be admitted to the Graduate School of Business Administration by special permission of the director of graduate studies. They must meet regular admission criteria and submit complete applications by deadlines listed below.
The application, GMAT scores, two official transcripts (not student copies) from each college attended, and a nonrefundable application fee ($40 for M.B.A; $20 for M.S.) should be submitted by April I for summer admission, by May 1 for fall admission, and by November I for spring admission or until the quota is filled. Applications received after these dates may receive lower priority.
Personal interviews are not required or encouraged except for applicants to the Graduate Program in Health Administration.
The mailing address for all applications is: Graduate School of Business Administration, Campus Box 165, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202. Applicants interested in the Master of Science in Health Administration program should follow application procedures as outlined under Graduate Program in Health Administration.
BACKGROUND REQUIREMENTS
Students applying for graduate programs in business do not need to have taken their undergraduate degrees in business. For those students the M.B.A. or M.S. degree programs provide a series of 3-semester-hour fundamental background courses. These include B.Ad. 501 (Accounting), B.Ad. 502 (Statistics), B.Ad. 503 (Marketing), B.Ad. 504 (Management and Organization), B.Ad. 505 (Finance), B.Ad. 506 (Business Law), B.Ad. 507 (Management Science), and Econ. 201 and 202 (Macro and Micro Economics) or Econ. 300 (Accelerated Principles of Economics). In addition, all graduate students are required to take either B.Ad. 500 (Sources of Information and Research Methods


College of Business and Administration / 45
— 1 semester hour) or pass a qualifying examination.1 Graduate-level business courses are open only to admitted graduate degree students, except for H.A. 601 (see course description), or where otherwise noted.
In order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental courses, students must have completed equivalent courses at a regionally accredited university with grades of C or better. Students possessing an undergraduate degree in business must be prepared to present the following course work in order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental courses:
Semester Hours
introduction to Accounting (Financial/Managerial)................... 6
Statistics................................... by qualifying exam only
Principles of Marketing............................................. 3
introduction to Management and Organization ........................ 3
Finance ............................................................ 3
Business Law ....................................................... 3
Operations Research/Management Science.............................. 3
Principles of Economics (macro/micro)............................... 6
or
Accelerated Economics (must include macro/micro).................... 3
Remedial work is required of all applicants accepted for the M.B.A. and M.S. programs who do not have mathematical and programming skills. Students entering any of the graduate programs are required either to take B.Ad. 502 (Fundamentals of Business Statistics) or to pass satisfactorily a qualifying examination covering this subject matter.
Prospective graduate students who have not met graduate application deadlines may enroll at CU-Denver as non-degree students and take undergraduate courses to fulfill business background requirements. Please contact the CU-Denver Office of Admissions for the appropriate non-degree student application materials.
General Information — Master's Programs
Advising. All graduate students should report first to the student adviser in the Graduate School of Business Administration office for the purpose of ascertaining deficiencies and principal field of interest. The division heads of each area serve as faculty advisers.
During the first term of residence, each student should prepare a degree plan. This plan, with appropriate signatures, should be filed in the Graduate School of Business Administration.
Course Load. The normal course load for full-time graduate students is 12-15 semester hours.
Minimum Hours Required. A candidate for a master’s degree in business must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate work plus any deficiencies. A maximum of 6 semester hours of graduate work can be transferred from another AACSB-accredited master’s program.
Comprehensive Examination. A comprehensive examination is not required for students pursuing the Master of Business Administration degree program. Each candidate for a Master of Science degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination during the candidate’s last semester of residence. Students must
be registered when they take this examination. Comprehensive examinations are given in November, April, and July.
Students must file an Application for Admission to Candidacy and Diploma Card with the Graduate School of Business Administration prior to the term in which they intend to graduate.
Plus/Minus Grading. College of Business faculty have the option to use plus/minus grading effective with the Spring 1984 Semester. For example, B + corresponds to 3.3 credit points (for each semester hour), B - corresponds to 2.7 credit points.
Minimum Grade-Point Average. A minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 must be achieved in courses taken after the student’s admission to the graduate program. Effective Fall Semester 1974, courses taken as a non-degree student at the University of Colorado which will be used to satisfy degree requirements will count toward the overall grade-point average for students who are later admitted to any graduate program in business. If the student’s cumulative grade-point average falls below 3.0, he or she will be placed on academic probation and given one regular semester (summer terms excluded) in which to achieve the required 3.0 cumulative average. Failure to achieve the required average within the allotted time period will result in dismissal.
The grade of D is not a passing grade for graduate students. A graduate student may repeat a course once for which he or she has received a grade of D or F. Both the original grade and the grade for the repeated course count in the computation of the grade-point average.
To earn a grade of W (withdrawal) in a course, a graduate student must be earning a grade of C or better in that course. Students will not be permitted to withdraw from courses after the tenth week of the semester.
An IF grade is the only incomplete grade given in business courses and is valid only until the middle of the second semester (summer terms excluded) following that in which the grade of IF is given. By the end of that interval, the instructor concerned must have turned in a final grade of A B, C, D, or F. If no reports are received from the instructor within the allotted time, the IF will be converted to F.
Time Limit. All graduate courses, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years. Courses completed earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Candidates for the master’s degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity.
Master of Business Administration
The Master of Business Administration program is devoted to the concepts, analytical tools, and communication skills required for competent and responsible administration. The administration of an enterprise is viewed in its entirety and within its social, political, and economic environment.
In addition to the background requirements for a master's degree listed above, the candidate for the M.B.A. degree must
'Qualifying examinations are administered only to admitted business graduate degree students.


46 / University of Colorado at Denver
complete the specific requirements of the M.B.A. curriculum (30 semester hours) as follows:
Core Requirements Semester Hours
a. Functional Courses
Two of the following four functional courses, subject to limitations:
Fin. 601 or Mk. 600; Pr.Mg. 640 (Logistics), or I.S. 645.
Candidates with undergraduate or graduate majors in one of these functional areas may not use the corresponding functional
course to fulfill this requirement............................. 6
b. Business and Its Environment
Business, Government, and Society (B.Ad. 610) ................ 3
c. Analysis and Control
Business and Economic Analysis (B.Ad. 615).................... 3
Administrative Controls (B.Ad. 620)1 .......................... 3
(Accounting students must substitute Acct. 533.)
d. Human Factors
Organizational Behavior (B.Ad. 640)............................ 3
e. Planning and Policy
Administrative Policy (B.Ad. 650) ............................. 3
Area of Emphasis (three courses)..................................._9
Total 30
Areas of emphasis include accounting, finance, management science/information systems, marketing, organization management, personnel — human resources management, production and operations management, and transportation and distribution management. (Students who have undergraduate degrees in business with majors in finance or marketing normally are not allowed to select the same fields for areas of emphasis.)
For students taking an area of emphasis in accounting, Acct. 322, 323, and 332 or their equivalents are prerequisites for all graduate level accounting courses. Acct. 533 is substituted for B.Ad. 620.' Acct. 625 and two other graduate-level accounting courses are required in the area of emphasis. It is strongly recommended that accounting students take Fin. 601 as one of their functional courses.
Requirements for an area of emphasis in finance are Fin. 601, and two courses chosen from Fin 602, 633, or 655.
Requirements for an area of emphasis in marketing are Mk. 600, 605 and one additional graduate marketing course.
Candidates pursuing the area of emphasis in management science normally elect either a decision science option or an information systems option. Those electing the decision science option will normally take Mg.Sc. 601,602, and Q.M. 620. Those electing the information systems option will normally take I.S. 565, 645, and 650. In addition, I.S. 220 and 221 or their equivalents are required prerequisite courses for the area. Students should consult with the information systems adviser about their course selection.
Students taking other areas of emphasis should consult the head of the division concerning requirements.
No thesis is required in the M.B.A. program. In the total program there must be a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate course work and a minimum of 24 semester hours of course work at the 600 level. Independent study is normally not acceptable for credit in the 30 semester hours of the M.B.A. program.
JOINT J.D./M.B.A. DEGREE PROGRAM
A joint degree program for students wanting to obtain both the Juris Doctor (J.D.) and Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) is available. Interested students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Master of Business Administration Executive Program
The Executive MBA Program is a multi-campus program of the Graduate School of Business Administration. It provides executive-level students with a broad, rigorous two-year academic experience leading to the Master of Business Administration degree. The program is designed for persons who hold managerial positions in business or other complex organizations. It builds upon the experience of these executive students with a sophisticated, challenging academic curriculum which can be pursued simultaneously with a management career.
The Executive MBA Program emphasizes corporate planning, the business/govemment interface, and the applied tools of management. Courses are taught through a variety of methods. Case studies, lectures, and computer simulation are combined with research projects and other teaching methods to provide students with tools useful in their present positions and applicable to more advanced responsibilities as they progress in their management careers.
The program covers a two-year period scheduled in eight terms of ten weeks each, with a summer break. Classes meet one day per week on alternating Fridays and Saturdays. The curriculum is supplemented by special speakers, a two-day retreat at the end of the program, and some evening group discussions.
FACULTY AND RESOURCES
The faculty for the program are members of the regular faculty of the Graduate School of Business Administration from all three of the University’s campuses — Boulder, Colorado Springs, and Denver. They are selected to conduct these courses because their backgrounds enable them to make the strongest contribution to the program. Many of the faculty members are nationally recognized, and all possess both practical managerial experience and a demonstrated ability to work effectively with executive level students.
ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
The Executive MBA Program is designed for men and women who have a minimum of five years of business or administrative experience, including at least three years in a managerial position. They should be part of senior management in a small organization or senior or middle management in a larger one, hold at least a baccalaureate degree, and have the ability to do graduate work.
In the selection process, significant attention will be given to the depth and breadth of the candidate’s managerial experience, progression in job responsibility, total work experience, and ability to benefit from this integrative classroom/work environment. The Admissions Committee will base its decision on the application, former academic record, the employer’s nominating letter,
'Students with an undergraduate degree in accounting are encouraged to consult with the accounting area coordinator about other acceptable substitutions lor B.Ad. 620.


College of Business and Administration / 47
other letters of recommendation, and if deemed desirable, personal interviews with the committee.
For further information, contact Program Director, Executive MBA Program, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth St., Denver, CO 80202, telephone 623-1888.
Master of Science
The Master of Science degree affords opportunity for specialization and depth of training within a particular major field and a related minor field.
MAJOR FIELDS
For detailed information concerning requirements and recommended programs for each of the major fields, students should consult the division heads of the following areas: Accounting, Finance, Health Administration, Management Science and Information Systems, Marketing, and Management and Organization.
MINOR FIELDS
With the approval of the student’s adviser and the director of graduate studies, minor fields may be chosen from business subjects or from other graduate departments.
Fields available in the College of Business for selection as a minor are:
Accounting Finance
Management science and information systems Marketing
Organization management
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
The minimum requirements for the M.S. degree, after all undergraduate background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan 1 or Plan 11. The student’s degree program should be approved in advance by the advisory committee and the director of graduate studies.
Plan I. The requirement is 30 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. A minimum of 21 semester hours of credit is required of all candidates and, including the thesis, must be earned in a major field. A minimum of three courses, normally 9 semester hours, must be completed in a minor field. A minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level.
Plan II. A minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate level course work must be met in both a major and a minor field. Normally, students must complete 21 hours in a major field, 9 hours in a minor field. No thesis is required. Of the 30 semester hours of graduate level course work, a minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level.
All M.S. students must pass written comprehensive examinations covering major and minor fields during the last semester enrolled. The candidate’s committee may require an oral final comprehensive examination subsequent to the written examination.
Master of Science in Health Administration
The goal of the Master of Science in Health Administration (M.S.H.A.) degree program is to prepare men and women who, after appropriate practical experience in responsible managerial positions, are capable of assuming positions as chief executive officers or senior administrators in complex, multi-service health care organizations.
The curriculum is a synthesis of management concepts and techniques that are applicable to any economic organization and tools that can be specifically applied to health and health services systems. The program emphasizes skills which heighten basic analytic and decision-making processes used by top level managers in selecting broad strategies for their institutions and by junior managers in administering sub-units of their organizations. The faculty guide the students in their mastery of theoretical, conceptual, and quantitative topics.
All students are expected to complete a minimum of 39 semester hours of graduate level course work, in addition to any necessary fundamental background courses. (See Background Requirements under Graduate Degree Programs.) The curriculum is based on a series of structured learning sequences with fundamental courses comprising the majority of the first full year, supplemented by several core health administration courses.
The second academic year provides the student with advanced training in health administration. In addition, the student must choose a concentration of elective courses in a minor area that generally results in an analytic specialty.
The candidate for the Master of Science in Health Administration must complete the following minimum 600 level course requirements:
Semester Hours
Fundamental Courses (or equivalents) ..............................0-25
H.A. 601. Medical Care Organization................................. 3
H.A. 602. Health Economics........................................... 3
H.A. 620. Health Sciences ............................................2
H.A. 664. Managerial Accounting...................................... 3
Fin. 601. Problems and Policies in
Financial Management I (H.A. Section)............................ 3
B.Ad. 640. Organizational Behavior................................... 3
H.A. 644. Ethical and Legal Problems in Health Care.................2
627. Program Evaluation ............................................. 3
H.A. 670. Institutional Management I .................................3
622. Strategic Planning and Policy ...................................3
671. Institutional Management II......................................2
l.S. 645. Information Systems Management ............................ 3
Minor Area............................................................9
Students who complete the combined fundamental course in statistics and management science (B.Ad. 502/507) are required to take both l.S. 645 and H.A. 627.
Credit Hour Requirements
The minimum requirements for the Master of Science in Health Administration degree, after all background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan 11.
Personnel-human resources management Production and operations management Transportation and distribution management


48 / University of Colorado at Denver
Plan 1. The requirement is 39 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 semester hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. Under this plan, thesis credits and course work in research methods substitute for course work in a minor field. Students not planning to continue studies at the doctoral level are discouraged from electing Plan I.
Plan II. A minimum of 39 semester hours of graduate level course work must be completed. Requirements must be met for the major in health administration and the minor field of the student’s choosing. No thesis is required.
Minor Areas and Electives
Elective courses and minor areas are available in the fields of accounting, finance, marketing, personnel-human resources management, management science/information systems, organization management, organizational development, health policy and planning, and community health. In addition, elective courses are available which focus on practice settings such as hosptial administration, ambulatory care administration, or long-term care administration.
Management Residency
A management residency is required of all students. The faculty of the program provide assistance to students in securing the residency, as well as regular consultation during the residency period. The residency requirement may be met by (1) a 3-month full-time residency; (2) concurrent employment while enrolled in M.S.H.A. program; or (3) health care management experience prior to entering the program. Each option must be approved by the program director.
Comprehensive Examinations
Each candidate must pass the comprehensive examinations covering the health administration field and minor area specialty.
Length of Program
The didactic portion of the degree will take two academic years since H.A. courses are offered only once each year and many require prerequisites. However, the course load each semester necessary to complete all requirements for the M.S.H.A. degree will vary, depending upon the educational background of each student.
Requirements for Admission
Selection of students is a multi-step process. When making application to the program for the M.S.H.A., candidates should send their credentials to:
Graduate Program in Health Administration
Graduate School of Business Administration
University of Colorado at Denver
Campus Box 165
1100 Fourteenth Street
Denver, CO 80202
CREDENTIALS OR REQUIREMENTS
1. Completed Application for Graduate Admission Part 1 and 11.
2. Four letters of recommendation from professional or academic acquaintances who are familiar with the applicant’s academic/professional competence.
3. Satisfactory test score — Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) preferred. (When registering for the GMAT, use code #4841 to have score report sent to the University of Colorado Graduate School of Business Administration.)
4. $20 application fee.
5. Two (2) official transcripts from each college or university attended. Minimum of baccalaureate degree required.
6. A well-formulated career plan articulated in a brief essay, and summarizing the applicant’s reason(s) for seeking the degree.
7. A personal interview with members of the Health Administration Student Selection Committee.
8. Experience in the field of health services administration (preferred, but not absolutely necessary).
Admission to the M.S.H.A. degree program is on a competitive basis. Therefore, these admission criteria represent minimum entrance qualifications expected of all students.
After the application, recommendations, and essay have been evaluated, the candidate will be contacted to appear for a personal interview with the Student Selection Committee. The personal interview addresses motivation, potential leadership capacity, experience in the field, maturity, and judgment of each applicant. The interview may be waived in special circumstances.
The Student Selection Committee forwards its recommendations to the Graduate School. Those applicants whose credentials receive a favorable evaluation will receive a letter of acceptance from the Graduate School and a letter of congratulations from the Director of the Graduate Program in Health Administration.
Deadlines
All credentials should be submitted at the latest by April 1 for fall semester and October 1 for spring semester. Applications will be reviewed in the order they are received. Early application increases the probability of acceptance.
For further information, brochures, and application materials contact the Graduate Program in Health Administration, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street, Campus Box 165, Denver, CO 80202 (303) 623-4436.
Doctor of Business Administration
Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for information regarding the Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) program.


College of Business and Administration / 49
Sample Schedule
The following depicts a typical schedule for a full-time student who must take all the fundamental courses and complete the management residency.
First Semester BA 502-3 ----------
BA 504-3---------
Management and Organization
Second Semester BA 507-3------------
Summer BA 500-1-----
Electives - 3 â– 
Health Sciences
Third Semester *IS 645-3
HA 670-3-------
Institutional Management I
BA 506-3 Business Law
Minor - 3
Semester Hours
15 15 6 15
*lf the student enrolls for BA 502 and BA 507 as separate courses, then he/she must take either IS 645 or HA 627.
Fourth Semester
-HA 671-2 Institutional Management II
HA 644-2 Legal and Ethical Problems
- Minor - 6
13
information
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«*«««:* Nfttwa


College of Design and Planning
Daniel J. Schler, Acting Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
The College of Design and Planning at CU-Denver offers five graduate programs: the Master of Architecture, Master of Architecture in Urban Design, Master of Interior Design, Master of Landscape Architecture, and Master in Planning and Community Development: and one service program, the Center for Community Development and Design. Undergraduate programs in the College are available only through the University of Colorado at Boulder, and students interested in the Bachelor of Environmental Design degree should see the catalog for that campus. The College offers programs for two purposes: to train men and women who can meet the complex and demanding challenge of developing and shaping the environment, and to provide the practicing professional a means of keeping abreast of cultural and technological changes.
In recent years, the roles and responsibilities of the environmental design professions have broadened. The social and physical problems encountered by the architect, the urban designer, the landscape architect, the planner, the technologist in environmental systems, and the interior designer have minimized the lines of demarcation among these professions, and interdependence among them has increased.
The College maintains traditional and essential ties with the professions and practitioners in the community and relies on local professionals to reinforce its teaching program.
The College of Design and Planning is a member of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning and is represented by its students, faculty, and alumni on various professional boards, committees, and societies. The Architecture Division is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. The College’s program in planning was granted renewed recognition by the American Planning Association in 1980 for a five-year period. In 1983, the landscape architecture program received full accreditation from the Accrediting Board of the American Society of Landscape Architects.
Full professional status in most environmental design fields generally requires a minimum of five or six years of academic experience and two or three years of practical experience followed by state registration or licensing through a professional examination.
Qualifications for success in these careers are not easily measured. Candidates for this profession must have the ability to complete successfully an academic program ranging from fundamental humanistic and scientific courses through applied technical activity to full creative development. They should have a
background of secondary education that includes courses in mathematics and physics. Some experience in creative activity may aid them in predetermining if personal satisfaction is derived from the creative process.
Design and Planning Library
The Design and Planning Library, a branch of the Auraria Library, serves as a learning resource center for the design fields. It contains the following collections provided to support the curricula of the College:
1. Professional reference collection containing technical materials selected to support design and planning studio projects.
2. Core collection of circulating materials comprised of standard works in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, interior design, urban design, and urban planning.
3. Collection of planning documents issued by local, regional, state, and federal agencies with an emphasis on materials pertaining to Colorado communities and concerns.
4. Collection of periodicals relating to the design fields.
5. Reserve collection providing resource materials for required and supplemental class reading.
6. Small, but growing, nonprint media collection which includes architectural slides and microcomputer software.
In addition, the main Auraria Library houses background and research materials of interest to design and planning students and faculty, including materials in the arts, humanities, social sciences, and engineering.
The branch library is open 59 hours per week, including some evening and weekend hours. The staff includes a librarian, one library assistant, and several student assistants. The branch library provides a number of services including reference and research assistance, library-use instruction, and circulation of materials. Additional services, such as interlibrary loans and computer-assisted research, are provided through the main Auraria Library.
Computer-Aided Instruction
The College established a computer-aided instruction laboratory in the fall of 1981. The laboratory has micro and minicomputers with access to computers on other campuses. The computers are being used in the areas of computer-aided design,


College of Design and Planning / 51
solar architecture, space planning, computer graphics, site engineering, and planning.
Model Shop and Photo Laboratory
The College maintains a darkroom for student use as well as a variety of camera and audiovisual equipment. These facilities are valuable aides in preparing class presentations, design projects, portfolios, and in learning multi-media techniques for presentations. The model shop is available for use in fabricating architectural models and in furniture design projects. A staff technician is on duty to assist students in the use of these facilities.
Financial Aid
Graduate scholarships and fellowships are available to continuing students only, with the exception of Colorado Grants. A limited number of Colorado Grants are available to new students who are residents of the State of Colorado and who fulfill the University’s criteria for financial need. Forms to apply for State of Colorado Graduate Grants, Federal Work-Study Assistance, and Federal National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) are available through the Office of Financial Aid, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
Grade-Point Average Requirement and Scholastic Suspension
Students must maintain a 3.0 average for a degree. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirements during any semester will be permitted to continue their studies during the second semester, but will be placed on probation. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirement after two semesters will be suspended. After a period of one year, appeal for readmission may be made by petitioning the Scholastic Deficiency Committee of the College or the director.
Non-degree Students
Beginning with Fall 1981, the College of Design and Planning accepts only up to 16 credit hours of courses taken as a graduate non-degree student for application toward degree credit.
Residence Requirement
A student must be in residence for at least one full academic year’s work, which is normally 30 semester hours.
Time Limit
Beginning with Fall 1981, students in two-year programs must complete all work required for a graduate degree within a five-year period from the time of first enrolling for classes as a degree candidate. Students in three-year programs must complete all work within a six-year period.
Elective Courses
Elective courses must be at the 300 level or above. Students should check with their respective director regarding subject choices.
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE
The Division of Architecture offers three degree programs, all of which lead to the Master of Architecture. The three programs
are named by typical time-in-residence: three-year, two-year, and one-year programs. The three- and two-year programs lead to the first professional degree for architectural practice; the one-year program leads to a second professional degree.
The one-year program is open only to applicants already holding the first professional degree in architecture (generally the bachelor’s, occasionally the master’s) and entails a minimum of 32 credit hours. Individually organized studies are focused on the student’s interests in architecture or in architecture with an energy specialization.
The two-year program is open to holders of the Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree and is arranged to receive graduates of the Division of Environmental Design at Boulder or similar undergraduate studies at other schools and entails a minimum of 64 credit hours.
The three-year program is open to holders of the bachelor’s degree in all other fields and typically requires 96 credit hours for completion.
Curriculum
The Division of Architecture is a professional school; its role and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in architectural design, graphic communications, history and theory, technology, and professional practice.
Architectural design is the central activity of the several programs, and the design studio serves to integrate architectural learning from all course work in the supportive arts and sciences. Most studios are conducted on the case study method) skill in the definition and the solution of design problems is acquired through the analysis and the working of exercises which simulate actual building problems. Advanced studio options are available with projects in the Center for Community Development and Design. The design thesis is the culmination of architectural studies.
Communications courses provide the graphic skills necessary to present design ideas. History and theory courses anchor the student’s work in social responsibility and in an understanding of the forces that give shape to buildings and cities. Technology courses give basics in structures and in the environmental concerns of utilities, heating, lighting, and acoustics. Professional courses provide exposure to the workings of contemporary practice, and an internship in a practicing professional’s office is a course option in the final year.
The goal of all of these studies is competency for the graduates of the division as intelligent, knowledgeable, and creative designers, each at the threshold of entry to architectural careers in private practice, government, or industry.
Admission Requirements APPLICATION
The complete set of materials for application for the Master of Architecture programs include the application form, college transcripts, three recommendations, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work. To be considered for admission, the complete set of application materials must be received by March 15 preceding the fall semester of entry. The portfolio must be no larger than 14 inches by 17 inches. The application form and additional information may be obtained by


52 / University of Colorado at Denver
writing to the Director of Architecture, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
Applicants to the three-year program must hold a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts, or Bachelor of Science degree from an accredited four-year college or university. The three-year program requires a prerequisite of college mathematics through introductory calculus. This mathematics prerequisite must be completed before entering the program. A four-year degree in architecture or environmental design from an accredited college or university is required for acceptance into the two-year program. A Bachelor or Master of Architecture degree from an accredited architecture program is required for acceptance into the one-year master’s program.
ADMISSION
An Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select students to be admitted to programs. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1.
The recommended minimum grade-point average is 2.75 on a 4-point scale. If the student’s grade-point average is below 2.75, the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone.
One-Year Program
The one-year program is available only to students already holding the first professional degree, the Bachelor or Master of Architecture. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 32 semester hours of studio course work and thesis. Two study programs are offered, Urban Design (see the Division of Urban Design) and Energy.
The Energy curriculum was inaugurated in the Fall of 1981 and brings together outstanding faculty from the profession and research. The program provides studio opportunities exploring energy as the basis for a new design paradigm and provides studies in building energy performance quantification. These studies in energy design and analysis are supported by the computer laboratory within the College.
Two-Year Program
The two-year program is open to the student with a four-year Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree who seeks the first professional degree in architecture. The program is a two-year, 64-semester-hour series of studies leading to the Master of Architecture degree.
Students in the third or fourth year of the University of Colorado at Boulder Environmental Design degree program who intend to pursue the Master of Architecture should take Structures (ENVD 452 and 453); Environmental Systems (ENVD 450); Materials and Methods of Construction (ENVD 451); Architectural History (ENVD 470 and 471); and Architectural Graphics (ENVD 420 and 421); and a minimum of six semesters of design (including ENVD 402 and 403). Students from other four-year design programs must have taken two semesters of architectural history, two semesters of basic structures (statisics,
strength of materials) and must show, with the portfolio, a graphics ability equivalent to the two-semester course in architectural graphics. Required courses in the two-year program that have been taken by the student in prior studies may be waived if the grade received is B or above. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 64 semester hours and
all required courses.
Two-Year Program Course Requirements Semester Hours
Architectural design................................................25
Technologies....................................................... 18
Theory.............................................................. 4
Professional practice and construction documents.................... 6
Planning ........................................................... 3
Electives .......................................................... 8
Total 64
Three-Year Program
The three-year program is open to students with a bachelor’s degree, with a particular program prerequisite of one year of high school or college basic physics and college mathematics through calculus. The mathematics and physics requirement must be completed before entering the program.
Three-Year Program Course Requirements Semester Hours
Architectural design...............................................35
Technologies.......................................................27
Theory............................................................ 10
Graphic communications............................................. 6
Professional practice and construction documents................... 6
Planning .......................................................... 3
Electives ......................................................... 9
Total %
RECOMMENDED ORDER OF STUDIES
Two-Year Program: 600 and 700 levels Three-Year Program: 500, 600, and 700 levels
Fall Semester: 500 level Semester Hours
Arch. 500. Design .................................................. 5
Arch. 505. Introduction to Architecture Division.................... 1
Arch. 510. Graphics I .............................................. 3
Arch. 551. Materials and Construction................................3
Arch. 552. Structures I..............................................3
Arch. 571. 19th- and 20th-Century History............................3
Spring Semester: 500 level
Arch. 501. Design ...................................................5
Arch. 511. Graphics 11 ..............................................3
Arch. 553. Structures II ............................................3
Theory Requirement ..................................................3
Fall Semester 600 level
Arch. 600 Design.................................................... 5
Arch. 605. Introduction to Architecture Division
(two-year students only)......................................... 1
Arch. 630. Site Engineering..........................................3
P.C.D. 500. Fundamentals of Planning................................ 3
Arch. 650. HVAC..................................................... 3
Arch. 665. Structures 111............................................3
Spring Semester: 600 level
Arch. 601. Design .................................................. 5
Arch. 651. Lighting and Acoustics .................................. 3
Arch. 661. Construction Documents ...................................3
Arch. 666. Structures IV............................................ 3
Theory Requirement ..................................................3


College of Design and Planning / 53
Fall Semester: 700 level
Arch. 660. Professional Practice ..................................... 3
Arch. 700. Design .................................................... 5
Arch. 712. Thesis Preparation......................................... 3
Spring Semester: 700 level
All required courses to be completed prior to
Arch. 701/750.
Arch. 701. Design Thesis ..........................................7
Arch. 750. Systems Synthesis....................................... 3
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN DESIGN
Urban design is one of the graduate design and planning programs taught at CU-Denver’s ideal location in the core of the metropolitan Denver area. The curricula focus on the complex problems that are generated by change and growth in a vigorous urban and regional laboratory. Emphasis is given to participatory community and publicly funded design, research, and technology. Special efforts are made to use the vast resources available from federal, state, and local agencies and institutions which are concentrated in the immediate community. Specific courses and projects are arranged to incorporate these allied academic, civic and citizen inputs into the design processes.
The sequential format, content, and progression of the Architecture in Urban Design program has been developed to provide a broad range of study which combines architecture, landscape, planning, urban design, business, and public affairs methodologies. Direct contact and coordination with the activities of the students and faculty in these disciplines is an essential part of the curriculum. Importance is given to the problem-solving processes associated with mixed use complexes, neighborhood, activity center, village, town, mainstreet, and cityscape projects.
Specific courses in urban technologies, urban theories, environmental impact analysis, including social and economic planning factors, are available.
Options
Two sequences are available in the program. The one-year postprofessional program is for students who have obtained a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree. The other is a Main-streets non-prelicensing two-year graduate degree for students who have received a bachelor’s degree in environmental design, landscape, architectural studies, planning, business, engineering, social sciences, or urban studies. In both sequences, studio and/or field work is the focal point for the specialization selected by the student. The projects chosen are developed on an independent study basis. Meetings, seminars, and evaluations are scheduled between the student and the faculty advisers. Cognate courses are selected with the guidance of the faculty advisers from related subjects offered by the College or other units of the University.
Postprofessional
In the one-year program, the thesis sequence is a synthesis of the special factors influencing urban design in one of five options: recreational facilities, community development, rehabilitation or renewal, transportation, and health care. In this phase students are carefully advised throughout the period of their independent research and design studies. Opportunities to do state and city outreach work in association with the Center for Community Development and Design (the College state-wide design aid field
program for ethnic and economic minorities) are available or heavily emphasized. Many other real problems and/or case studies from the community, which require anticipatory and feasibility design and development, also are considered. During the final sequence semester of the one-year program, students have a wide choice of professional electives which can be closely related to their thesis problem selection. Whenever possible, individual or team projects in cooperation with allied disciplines and institutions are encouraged.
A degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 30 semester credit hours minimum. The program is structured for students who wish to pursue advanced studies in compound, complex community architecture and urban design problems.
One-Year Sequence
Course Requirements Semester Hours
Urban Design Studio................................................ 5
Thesis Preparation................................................. 2
Environmental Analysis ............................................ 3
Planning, Landscape Electives...................................... 6
Thesis Studio ..................................................... 5
Urban Design Seminar............................................... 3
Professional Electives ............................................ 6
Total 30
Mainstreets
In the two-year program, the new intercollegiate urban design emphasis option is now operational. The University of Colorado at Denver is responding to a regional and national demand for educated young professionals in the complex field of mainstreet conservation. The two distinguishing features of this program are (1) urban design for the first time is being given the interdisciplinary curriculum in the fields it actually covers in the professional world (public affairs, business, real estate development, community development, planning and design) and (2) the program and its curriculum are based on the evolving concept of service-learning education.
Through the College of Design and Planning, outreach division requests for mainstreet technical assistance and research studies are matched with faculty and student research and assistance teams through existing core and elective courses. In one-third of the curriculum, students either will have the opportunity, or will be required, to join with interdisciplinary assistance teams. Not only does the students’ education improve, but also Colorado communities receive a service that draws upon the most current state of knowledge, technologies, and methodologies.
Students will be given the knowledge base and practitioner skills to work successfully in a local context which embraces community composition, political organization, decision-making processes, small business management and operation, and the physical environment. Employment opportunities for persons completing the program include town management, economic development, mainstreets revitalization, and community development in the public sector as well as development, real estate, and planning in the private sector.
The program is structured and arranged sequentially to maximize the opportunity for real world experience through design studio, internship, and thesis requirements. Whenever possible, students will be encouraged to work in a particular neighborhood or rural community throughout their programs.


54 /â–  University of Colorado at Denver
Two-Year Sequence
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours
L.A. 510. Graphic Communication1 (or Arch. 510) .................. 3
P.C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form1.................... 3
P.C.D. 505. Fundamentals of Community Development1................ 3
P.Ad. 532. Public Policy Analysis and Evaluation1................. 3
P.C.D. 615. Small Town and Neighborhood Planning1...................3
15
Spring Semester, First Year
L.A. 690. Research Methods for Designers/Planners1................ 3
B.Ad. 452. Small Business Management .............................. 3
U.D. 684. Urban Development Economics1 ............................ 3
L.A. 630. Landscape Architecture for Allied Designers.............. 3
U.D. 601. Design Studio I1 ........................................ 3
15
Fall Semester, Second Year
P.Ad. 521. Organization Theory and Administrative
Behavior........................................................ 3
U.D. 722. Mainstreets Seminar...................................... 3
U.D. 700. Interdisciplinary Design1 ............................... 5
U.D. 712. Thesis Preparation1...................................... 2
Mk. 330. Marketing Research........................................ 3
16
Spring Semester, Second Year
P.Ad. 598. Special Topics in Public Administration
(Public/Private Sector Linkages)................................ 3
Acct. 480. Accounting for Government and Nonprofit
Organizations................................................... 3
P.C.D. 710. Legal Aspects of Planning.............................. 3
U.D. 701. Thesis' ................................................. 5
14
Total 60
Summer Term
The student with little or no experience in the field will be required to participate in a full-time summer internship on a Mainstreet.
Electives
The following courses will be considered as electives and will serve as substitutes for courses waived as a result of a student’s prior education and/or experience.
Public Administration
P.Ad. 598. Special Topics in Public Administration (Managing Colorado’s Growth: Economic, Environmental and Energy Tradeoffs)
P.Ad. 501. Fundamentals of Public Administration P.Ad. 502. Statistics for Public Administration P.Ad. 505. Economics of the Public Sector P.Ad. 522. Human Resources Management P.Ad. 550. Governmental Accounting P.Ad. 554. Organization Development
Design
Arch. 571. 19th and 20th Century Architectural History
Arch. 670. American Architectural History
Arch. 672. 20th Century Theory and Criticism
Arch. 678. Preservation Physical Factors
L.A. 570. Landscape Architecture History and Theory Seminar
L.A. 630. Landscape Architecture for Allied Designers
L.A. 680. Rocky Mountain Plant Materials
L.A. 691. Ecological Systems Analysis and Adaptation
U.D. 784. Urban Design Seminar
Planning
P.C.D. 520, 521. P.C.D. Methodology and Techniques I and II P.C.D. 600. Social Policy Analysis and Planning P.C.D. 660. Social Factors in Urban Design P.C.D. 672. Environmental Planning
Business/Economics
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government
B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship Mk. 480. Marketing Policies and Strategies R.Es. 454. Real Estate Finance
Econ. 478. Economic Development Theory and Problems II Econ. 521. Public Finance I Budgeting and Expenditures Econ. 621. Public Finance 1 Econ. 626. Seminar: Urban Land Economics
Admission Requirements
In order for students to be considered for admission into the Master of Architecture in Urban Design program, they must submit application forms, college transcripts, three letters of recommendation, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter. For foreign students who are considering a second professional degree, the College has begun a policy of admitting students coming directly from overseas into the spring semester only. Applications for all programs must be received by March 15 of the preceding year. All other application requirements must be met. All portfolio materials submitted with the application must be in 8 Vi" by 14" format or smaller. If slides are included, they must be in a loose-leaf slide holder. It is recommended that students indicate the type and length of all work experience they have had since receiving a degree. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Master of Architecture in Urban Design, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGN
The master’s degree program in Interior Design is structured to educate designers who will be qualified to assume responsible leadership roles in the continuing growth of the profession and in the improvement of the quality of mankind’s near environment. There are two programs leading to the Master of Interior Design degree. The two-year program is open to applicants holding Bachelor of Interior Design, Bachelor of Environmental Design, or Bachelor of Architecture degrees. The three-year program is designed for applicants holding bachelor’s degrees in other fields from accredited four-year colleges or universities.
The program is characteristically unique in the following ways:
Multidisciplinary Approach. Individualized instruction and guidance are provided to help students acquire skills and knowledge integrated from related disciplines. Accordingly, the student develops personal models and methodologies within a multidisciplinary conceptual framework, acquiring the tools needed for analysis, design, and evaluation of interior environments.
'Core courses.
1
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College of Design and Planning / 55
Interior Design Program Objectives. The interior design program is premised on a curriculum that is exploratory, philosophical, scholarly, and practical, producing creative and knowledgeable designers capable of thinking and designing comprehensively. By integrating the traditional design studio format with collective student research, this program prepares students to think on an advanced level in design problem solving.
The professional community serves as an auxiliary source of educational enrichment by providing students with opportunities to combine theoretical and applied learning.
Admission Requirements APPLICATION
In order to be considered for admission into the two-year graduate program, applicants must submit application forms, two original transcripts, three recommendations, a statement of purpose, and a portfolio of approximately 14" x 17" size, to include representative work of specific design discipline(s) exemplifying the ability to draft, sketch, render, and letter, as well as to solve design problems. Research data and slides of prototypes of completed work should be included if pertinent. Slides are acceptable, but all work must be annotated. In instances where team work is represented, applicants must indicate specific individual responsibilities. A resume must accompany the portfolio.
Applicants to be considered for admission into the three-year graduate program must submit application forms, two original transcripts, three recommendations, a statement of purpose, and a resume. If the applicant has a degree(s) in a two-dimensional design discipline, a portfolio of approximately 14" x 17" size of representative work should be submitted. Slides are acceptable, but all work must be annotated.
The application deadline is March 15. Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Interior Design, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
ADMISSION
A Faculty Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select the students to be admitted to the program. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, are on a waiting list, or have not been accepted, prior to May 1.
The recommended minimum grade-point average is 3.0 on a 4-point scale. If the student’s grade-point average is below 3.0, the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials. The student, however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone.
Order of Studies
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Flours
Int.D. 500. Interior Design Studio I ........................... 5
L.A. 510. (Arch. 510) Graphic Communications I ................. 3
Int.D. 530. Principles and Methods of Programming............... 2
Arch. 551. Materials and Methods of Construction................ 3
Int.D. 557. Elements of Structure..................................3
16
Spring Semester, First Year
Int.D. 501. Interior Design Studio II .............................. 5
L.A. 511. (Arch. 511) Graphic Communications II..................... 3
Int.D. 552. Survey of Finish Materials ............................... 2
Int.D. 571. Color/Lighting............................................ 3
Arch. 551. Architecture of the 19th and 20th Centuries................ 3
16
Fall Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 600. Interior Design Studio III................................ 5
Int.D. 620. History of Interiors ..................................... 3
Arch. 650. HVAC....................................................... 3
Arch. 651. Lighting and Acoustics .................................... 3
Int.D. 660. Furniture Design.......................................... 3
17
Spring Semester, Second Year
Int.D. 601. Interior Design Studio IV............................... 5
Int.D. 621. History of Interiors ................................... 3
Arch. 663. Designer and the Law....................................... 2
Int.D. 681. Interior Construction Detailing........................... 3
Electives ............................................................ 3
16
Fall Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 700. Interior Design Studio V ................................. 5
Int.D. 702. Thesis Preparation........................................ 3
Int.D. 724. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design.................. 3
Electives/Seminars .................................................. 6
17
Spring Semester, Third Year
Int.D. 701. Thesis ................................................... 6
Electives/Seminars ................................................... 8
14
Total Hours Two-Year Program 64
Total Hours Three-Year Program 96
ELECTIVES/SEMINARS
Electives and seminars are offered on topics pertinent to the interior design discipline, i.e., Environmental Psychology, Man-Environment Systems, Sociology, Environmental Form, and Research Methods. Specific topics are listed in the Schedule of Courses for each semester.
MASTER OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
The Master of Landscape Architecture (M.L.A.) degree program at the University of Colorado at Denver is fully accredited by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board, American Society of Landscape Architects.
This academic program leading to the M.L.A. responds to a perceived need to offer professional training that prepares students to meet the complex and demanding challenges of shaping the arid region landscape.
Urban and rural development pressure in the western region has created an urgent need for comprehensive landscape problem-solving skills. These skills include an understanding of the earth sciences which determine the arid region concept of “environmental limits and tolerances.” The processes described in


56 / University of Colorado at Denver
these related earth sciences provide a regional concept for designing and planning landscape for public and private use, human enrichment, and resource conservation.
Two programs are offered leading to the Master of Landscape Architecture degree. Students entering the program without a first professional degree are required to take a minimum of 96 hours. This is essentially a three-year program. Applicants who enter with a first professional degree (B.L.A. or B.Arch.) are required to take a minimum of 64 credit hours in a two-year program.
These two programs offer the candidate an opportunity to develop an elective package, parallel to the M.L.A. core curriculum, which would give the student the equivalent of a related professional minor. The electives are included in the hour requirements for both the two- and three-year programs.
A thesis is required of all M.L.A candidates. The thesis is the culmination of the academic curriculum. More specifically, the thesis sequence requirement comprises three courses: Research Methods for Designers and Planners, Landscape Architecture Thesis Research, and Landscape Architecture Thesis. The thesis may be a design, research, natural resource, community development, or historic topic, and each must include a case study proof.
The Curriculum
The curriculum has been planned to include those awarenesses and skills considered essential to core and advanced professional training in the field of landscape architecture. These areas include concentration in design, land and building technology, history and theory of the built environment, and a working knowledge of natural systems. The primary focus of the program is DESIGN and the design process.
Opportunities exist to develop complementary knowledge and skills related to interdisciplinary projects involving the other College of Design and Planning programs in Architecture, Planning and Community Development, Interior Design, and Architecture in Urban Design. Additionally, through the Center for Community Development and Design (CCDD is an outreach program in the College of Design and Planning), the M.L.A. candidate is afforded the opportunity for actual project experience either in the Denver metropolitan area or the state of Colorado.
The hierarchy of courses from term to term for the most part is planned sequentially leading to the thesis. The thesis is intended to be a comprehensive individual experience under the guidance of the entire L.A. faculty and applicable outside specialists.
Admission Requirements
Applicants to the three-year program or those who do not have a first professional degree (Bachelor of Landscape Architecture) should have proficiency in college mathematics, physical science, English, environmental science, and a basic course in art or drawing.
Applicants to the two-year program having undergraduate degrees in urban and regional planning, architecture, environmental design, or other physical design degrees are considered for admission upon individual evaluation of their undergraduate curriculum, scholastic performance, and professional experience. To be considered for admission into the graduate programs in landscape architecture, applicants must submit application forms, a $20 application fee, official college transcripts, three letters of
recommendation, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of academic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter the program. The portfolio format should be 14" by 17" or smaller.
Application forms and further information may be obtained by writing to the Director, Landscape Architecture, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
Order of Studies
Fall Semester, First Year Semester Flours
L.A. 500. Landscape Architecture Design 1
(Basic Design and Site Planning-Scale 1) ..................... 6
L.A. 510. Graphic Communication I ............................... 3
L.A. 561. Retreat................................................ 1
L.A. 580. Rocky Mountain Plant Material.......................... 3
L.A. 590. Semi-Arid Region Ecology Seminar .........................3
16
Spring Semester, First Year
L.A. 501. Landscape Architecture Design II
(Site Planning-Scale I and 11)................................... 6
L.A. 550. Landscape Engineering 1................................... 5
L.A. 570. Landscape Architecture History and Theory Seminar
(History 11)..................................................... 3
L.A. 581. Rocky Mountain Plant Design..................................3
17
Fall Semester. Second Year
L.A. 600. Landscape Architecture Design III ......................... 6
L.A. 650. Landscape Engineering II .................................. 5
L.A. 661. Retreat.................................................... 1
L.A. 691. Ecological Systems Analysis and Adaptation................. 3
L.A. 692. Natural Resources Issues Seminar........................... 3
18
Spring Semester, Second Year
L.A. 601. Landscape Architecture Design IV (Regional Design)......... 6
L.A. 660. Landscape Engineering 111 ................................. 5
L.A. 690. Research Methods for Designers and Planners ............... 3
Electives ........................................................... 3
17
Fall Semester, Third Year
L.A. 700. Landscape Architecture Design V
(Interdisciplinary Urban Design).................
L.A. 761. Retreat...................................
L.A. 790. Landscape Architecture Thesis Research
Electives ..........................................
Electives ..........................................
5
1
4
3
_3
16
Spring Semester, Third Year
L.A. 701. Landscape Architecture Thesis ............................... 6
L.A. 760. Landscape Architecture Professional Practice Seminar ........ 3
Electives ............................................................. 3
12
Total hours required for the M.L.A. degree
96


College of Design and Planning / 57
MASTER'S DEGREE IN PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
The MPCD Division prepares students to become professional planners — career specialists in researching, designing, evaluating, and implementing strategies of environmental and community action. Planners build careers in such fields as environmental design, community development, land use and growth management, social services, environmental administration and assessment, policy analysis, energy development, natural resources, land development, private planning consultation, corporate planning, urban redevelopment, housing, and regional planning. Because Denver is the Rocky Mountain West’s central location for managing and planning these fields of action, CU-Denver planning students are often able to combine learning general principles and skills in the classroom with practical working experience in nearby operating agencies and organizations. The program welcomes part-time and non-traditional students.
Curriculum
The curriculum requires 60 semester hours as a minimum for graduation. Thirty-six of these semester hours are required core courses aimed at training the student in basic planning purposes, principles, content, research methods, techniques and implementation. Of these required credits, 3 are spent in experiential learning and internships with public agencies and other organizations. Three plan-making studios are required with one possibility being an integrated studio with the other design divisions in the College, and the last studio being a thesis.
Another 24 credit hours of the curriculum are elective. They are chosen in consultation with the student’s faculty adviser to form a consistent pattern of planning expertise along the lines of the individual’s major interests. The courses may be chosen from the MPCD’s own core electives, from other programs in the College of Design and Planning, or from other graduate schools at CU-Denver and the metro area. The division has organized the following optional areas of specialization:
Community and Economic Development Energy, Natural Resources, and Environmental Planning Land Use Planning, Transportation, and Physical Design Planning and Community Development Administration Regional Analysis, Planning, and Administration Small Town and Neighborhood Planning Social Planning and Human Services
Admission Requirements
Application forms must be submitted by April 15 for the fall semester. On a space available basis, applications are occasionally accepted for individual semesters. The deadlines in these cases are: July 10 for fall, December 10 for spring, and April 15 for summer. Applications for admission are reviewed by a Faculty-Student Committee. Criteria for admission include academic performance, work experience, interest, and motivation for study.
Application forms and information may be obtained by writing to Director, Planning and Community Development Program,
College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAM
To provide unusual educational and practical experiences for outstanding students in all five graduate divisions, the College has established an optional, integrated, multidisciplinary studio. These classes are offered fall semesters to final-year students who choose to work on unique public and private actual design and planning projects for which the College has been asked to provide educational, technical, and research assistance. During the last six years, more than 25 of these comprehensive studies have been completed by teams of students for towns, communities, neighborhoods, institutions, agencies, and companies. The studio is jointly taught by faculty from the five professional divisions and the Center for Community Development and Design.
CENTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN
The Center for Community Development and Design provides educational and technical assistance to solve design, planning, and community development problems upon request to groups, organizations, neighborhoods, communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The Center provides these services to aid in the development of the community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided by faculty-student research and assistance teams.
A central goal of the Center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community members on problem solving through supervised projects in the field. The faculty and staff of the Center coordinate community projects for which students register through classes in the various academic curricula. Students who register for these projects assume an added responsibility of satisfying client needs that go beyond academic credit.
Students are expected to do two things: utilize and develop professional expertise which not only enhances their own education but also better prepares them to assist in the community problem-solving process, and to develop an understanding for community participatory processes and be able to integrate these into the technical aspects of their community project.
The types of projects students may select to work on include developing a physical design program for a child care center in an inner-city neighborhood; assisting a neighborhood to organize, design, and implement a self-help housing program in a small mountain town; and developing a comprehensive plan in cooperation with a planning commission in a Colorado high plains town.
Community Research Center
Conducting applied social science research on the structure and dynamics of communities — whether inner city, suburb, or impacted rural area — is the mission of the Community Research Center (CRC). The CRC completes the triangle of what its projects encompass: assistance, education, and research within the Center for Community Development and Design (CCDD). In


58 / University of Colorado at Denver
addition to functioning as the in-house research arm on CCDD projects, the CRC also conducts research on a contractual basis for government entities, communities, and design/planning professionals. The CRC affords University faculty and students the opportunity to participate in applied research projects.
Areas of expertise within the CRC include social impact assessment, program evaluation, social surveying, organizational development, conference planning, and consultation to the design and planning profession on the social and behavioral aspects of design and planning.
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School of Education
Bettie Helser, Acting Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL
The University of Colorado at Denver is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. The Teacher Education Program is fully accredited by the Colorado State Board of Education and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education.
The Teacher Certification Program is designed to prepare elementary and secondary teachers for urban school settings through academic work, professional studies, classroom teaching experiences, and community field experiences. Teacher Certification Progams are available at CU-Denver in:
Elementary Education (Kindergarten-6th grade)
Secondary Education (7th-12th grade) (English, German,
French, Spanish, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies)
CU-Denver offers a Teacher Certification Program for students who are earning B.A. degrees in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and students who have previously earned a B.A., B.S., or advanced degree, but who do not have teaching certificates. All course work is at the graduate level.
TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM — ELEMENTARY Major Requirements of Undergraduate Students
While the faculty of the School of Education at CU-Denver advocates that the most appropriate education for a professional educator is based upon the liberal arts tradition, they also believe that preparation for the teacher of young children must be conceptualized differently from the preparation for the subject specialist in the secondary school.
The teacher in the elementary school is truly a generalist and must be cognizant of the basic structure of a wide variety of disciplines. In order to facilitate and ensure the liberal arts education of such a generalist, students who wish to obtain elementary teacher certification will obtain a B.A. degree from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and will select a major of their choice, and also are encouraged to pursue a broad, general education.
The following courses required for certification are accepted by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as part of the baccalaureate degree:
T.Ed. 100. Exploring Education
Math. 303. Mathematics for Elementary Teachers
E.Psy. 500. Advanced Psychological Foundations of Education
Fnds. 500. Teaching as a Profession
El.Ed. 517. Community and Interpersonal Relations
El.Ed. 518. Instructional Technology
One additional three-hour certification course
All graduate courses (500 level) are to be taken in the senior year. Students will enroll in the remaining certification courses after the B.A. degree has been conferred.
In order to meet the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences requirements, the student must consult the lists of specific courses that satisfy area requirements (i.e., arts and humanities) which are available in the Schedule of Courses published each semester, and should meet with the College advisers.
Students must complete at least 45 hours of upper division work (all education courses are upper division) including 16 hours of upper division work in their selected major.
Requirements for Teacher Certification
General Education
1. B.A. or B.S. degree from an accredited institution of higher education.
2. Course work must include: arts and humanities, science, mathematics, social science, health and physical education.
If students do not have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution, they must be enrolled in a program leading to a B.A. degree in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Professional Sequence
E.Psy. 500. Advanced Psychological Foundations of Education Fnds. 500. Teaching as a Profession Sp.Ed. 500. Education of Exceptional Children or
Sp.Ed. 501. Mainstreaming the Exceptional Child in the Regular Classroom El.Ed./Sec.E. 517. Community and Interpersonal Relations El.Ed./Sec.E. 521. Models of Teaching
El.Ed./Sec.E. 513. Microteaching (may be waived with prior classroom teaching experience)1
El.Ed./Sec.E. 518. Instructional Technology
'Includes field work in metropolitan schools.


60 / University of Colorado at Denver
Elementary Education
El.Ed. 514. Elementary Curriculum (Reading, Language Arts, Children’s Literature)
El.Ed. 515. Elementary Curriculum (Science, Mathematics, Social Studies) El.Ed. 516. Expressive Arts (Art, Music, Health, P.E.)
T.Ed. 570. Student Teaching in the Elementary School
Additional Field Experience
T.Ed. 100. Exploring Education (required during first semester for students who have not had documented experience with youth)1 T.Ed. 575. School Based Field Experience (optional additional field experience)
TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM — SECONDARY Major Requirements of Undergraduate Students
Students preparing for certification in the secondary school will acquire a broad liberal arts background and will further specialize in the discipline area in which they plan to be endorsed. This specialization must meet the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences requirements for a major and may include additional requirements specified by state certification standards. Advisers in the College and in the School of Education should be consulted on a regular basis.
The following courses required for certification are accepted by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as part of the baccalaureate degree:
T.Ed. 100. Exploring Education
E.Psy. 500. Advanced Psychological Foundations of Education
Fnds. 500. Teaching as a Profession
Sec.E. 517. Community and Interpersonal Relations
Sec.E. 518. Instructional Technology
One additional three-hour certification course
All graduate courses (500 level) are to be taken in the senior year. Students will enroll in the courses remaining for certification after the B.A. has been conferred.
Admissions Procedures
A check list which outlines the steps necessary for admission into the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Education office. Students should obtain and follow the procedures as listed. For further information contact the School of Education, 556-2717.
Graduate Programs
Refer to the Graduate School section of this bulletin for information regarding graduate programs in education.
‘Includes field work in metropolitan schools.


College of Engineering and Applied Science
Paul E. Bartlett, Resident Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROFESSION
Through engineering the resources of nature are used for the benefit of humanity and the environment. Engineers today are expected not only to be in the forefront of high technology, but significant contributors to the betterment of the environment in the social and humanistic sense as well. Engineering professional societies have committed themselves to the principle that, as mankind gains the ability to build more powerful machines and more useful devices, there must be a strong and successful effort to protect natural resources and the environment.
An engineering career demands hard work, and so does an engineering education. In return engineers have excellent opportunities to work in various places, meet new challenges, or move upward in management. The engineer is generally well paid and usually in demand; in the rare times when there is a surplus of certain kinds of engineers, individuals usually have little difficulty finding attractive opportunities in other fields.
Currently, registration is required in all states for the legal right to practice professional engineering. Although there are variations in the state laws, graduation from an accredited curriculum in engineering, subscription to a code of ethics, and four years of qualifying experience are required. In addition, two days of examinations covering the engineering sciences and the applicant’s practical experience are required in most states.
A listing of the fields in which engineers work would have many hundreds of entries. The following list gives only a brief summary.
The aerospace engineering sciences prepare engineers for an industry that encompasses the design and construction of both commercial and military aircraft and the development and fabrication of space vehicles. Advances in this technology have permitted the industry to enter also the fields of urban mass transit, undersea exploration, bio-engineering, nuclear engineering, laser technology, and many other emerging high technology fields. An aerospace engineer often works at the forefront of engineering with scientists in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, etc.
Applied mathematics meets the need of modem research, which is dependent upon advanced mathematical concepts. Almost all concerns that are engaged in industrial and scientific research today need applied mathematicians, as do organizations involved in computational work, statistical analysis, or stochastics.
Architectural engineering involves work within the building industry in engineering design, construction and contracting, or
sales engineering. Areas of specialization are: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering.
Chemical engineers convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products in facilities that include refineries and gasification plants. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering — oils, metals, glass, plastics, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others.
Civil engineering offers an interesting and challenging career in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipelines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and the regulation of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction and contracting industry; and in the problems concerned with mankind’s physical environment and the growth of cities.
Computer science involves work in the theory, design, and application of computers and computational methods. It includes design and construction of efficient software systems as well as hardware design and manufacture. The application of microprocessors to many areas of engineering has opened new doors in computer engineering and computer science.
Electrical engineering offers professional possibilities that include teaching and research in a university; research in development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products; design of equipment or systems; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government. There are numerous specialties within electrical engineering. Among them are the design and application of computer systems; electromagnetic fields, which are basic to radio, television, and related systems; communication theory and signal processing; electrical machinery; solid-state, integrated-circuit, and electron devices; energy and power control systems; and others.
The engineering physicist works where new kinds of engineering are being bom, or where many fields are being used jointly. General knowledge of the diverse fields of physics provides the ability to deal with industrial problems that cannot be solved by a standardized procedure in a specialized field.


62 / University of Colorado at Denver
Mechanical engineering is very broad in scope, not identified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device, or system but instead is concerned with all such subjects, both individually and collectively. Typical starting assignments for the graduating senior include positions with oil, construction, and automotive industries, or in computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM).
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE
Undergraduate Degree Programs
The College of Engineering at the University of Colorado offers the following engineering bachelor degree programs through departments located on three campuses — Boulder, Denver, and Colorado Springs.
Aerospace Engineering Sciences (Boulder)
Applied Mathematics (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs)
Architectural Engineering (Boulder)
Chemical Engineering (Boulder)
Civil Engineering (Denver and Boulder)
Computer Science (Denver and Colorado Springs)
Electrical Engineering (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs)
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (Boulder) Mechanical Engineering (Denver and Boulder)
The College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU-Denver offers four-year programs leading to the B.S. degree in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. The civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering programs are currently accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC) of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
Availability of Degree Programs — CU-Denver
The University of Colorado at Denver will accept for matriculation only those prospective engineering students who designate a degree program awarded by the CU-Denver College of Engineering and Applied Science. For 1985-86, the following engineering degrees are awarded by CU-Denver: civil engineering, computer science, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and applied mathematics. Students desiring degree programs other than those named above must apply to the campus awarding the degree. In some cases, the University campus accepting the student may grant permission to take courses on another CU campus, subject to enrollment limitations. In such cases, the engineering department of the admitting campus will counsel the student in the preparation of course schedules.
The course requirements during the freshman year are detailed within the curriculum given under each department.
Some of the sophomore year is common to all, and the remainder of the courses begin to point to the various fields of engineering taught; real specialization begins, however, in the junior year and carries on through the senior year. A fifth year of study leading to the master's degree is strongly urged for qualified students of more than usual ability who feel they can profit from additional study.
At CU-Denver it is also possible for a student to obtain a bachelor’s degree in engineering and a bachelor’s degree in business in five years plus one or two summer terms. Any of the engineering degree programs can be modified for an excellent premedical program.
A second bachelor’s degree may be of interest to some students. If liberal arts students elect certain courses in science, mathematics, and engineering as undergraduates, they may earn an engineering degree in four semesters after graduation from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Graduate Degree Programs
CU-Denver offers graduate degree programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.
For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the Master of Engineering, Master of Science, or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Summer Courses
Summer term courses are planned for regular students and those who must clear deficiencies. Courses also are offered for high school graduates who wish to enter as freshmen and for those who need to remove subject deficiencies. Students should write to the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records for the Schedule of Summer Courses.
For some students there are advantages in starting their college careers during the summer term. Most required freshman and sophomore courses are normally offered at CU-Denver during the summer. The summer term gives students a head start and enables them to take a lighter load during the fall semester or take additional courses to enrich their program.
Scholarships, Fellowships, and Loan Funds
Money contributed to the University Development Foundation for assistance to engineering students is deposited in appropriate accounts and used according to the restrictions imposed by the donors. Numerous industries match employee contributions. Applications are available in October or November for the following academic year.
Student Organizations
A general student organization, known as the Associated Engineering Students (AES), of which all students in the College are members, has supervision of matters of interest to the whole group.
Student chapters (or clubs) of the following professional societies are well established at CU-Denver:
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
Society of Women Engineers (SWE)
These societies meet frequently to present papers, speakers, films, and other programs of technical interest.


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The following honorary engineering societies have active student chapters in the College of Engineering and Applied Science:
Chi Epsilon, civil and architectural fraternity Eta Kappa Nu, electrical engineering society Tau Beta Pi, engineering society
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
The student must meet the admission requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin and of the College of Engineering at which the degree program selected by the student is offered. CU-Denver currently offers the following programs: civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. Persons of sufficient maturity and experience who do not meet the prescribed requirements for admission may be admitted upon approval of the resident dean.
Beginning students in engineering should be prepared to start analytic geometry-calculus. No credit toward any degree in engineering will be given for algebra, trigonometry, or precalculus mathematics (Math. 101, 111, 112, and 113), but these courses will be offered to allow a student to make up deficiencies. Any student who questions the adequacy of his or her pre-college background in mathematics should see the applied mathematics coordinator for suggestions. Diagnostic tests covering precalculus mathematics are at the Auraria Book Center to assist new freshmen in selecting the appropriate beginning mathematics course.
To be prepared for the type of mathematics courses that will be taught, the student must be competent in the basic ideas and skills of ordinary algebra, geometry and plane trigonometry. These include such topics as the fundamental operations with algebraic expressions, exponents and radicals, fractions, simple factoring, solution of linear and quadratic equations, graphical representation, simple systems of equations, complex numbers, the binomial theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, logarithms, the trigonometric functions and their use in triangle solving and simple applications, and the standard theorems of geometry, including some solid geometry. It is estimated that it will usually take seven semesters to cover this material adequately in high school.
It is strongly recommended that students take at least two units of a foreign language in high school. Beginning in 1987, two years of a foreign language in high school will be a requirement for admission to the College of Engineering.
Freshmen
High School Subjects Required
Required for Admission1 Units2
English (literature, composition, grammar) .........................4
Mathematics distributed as follows:
Algebra..........................................................2
Geometry ..................................................... 1
Additional mathematics (trigonometry recommended) .............. 1
Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended)................2
Social studies and humanities ......................................3
(Foreign languages and additional units of English, history, and literature are included)
Electives3........................................................ 3
Total 16
High School Subjects Required
Required for Admission — Effective Fall 1987 Units
English (literature, composition, grammar) ........................... 4
Mathematics distributed as follows:
Algebra.............................................................2
Geometry ...........................................................1
Trigonometry and Analytical Geometry ...............................1
Natural sciences.......................................................3
(to include 1 unit physics and 1 unit chemistry; also to include 2 units of laboratory science)
Foreign language ......................................................2
Social science.........................................................2
(to include 1 unit of U.S. or world history)
Electives........................................................... 1
Total 16
Former Students
Former students must meet the readmission requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin.
Students who interrupt their course of study may be required to take any preparatory courses which have been added during their absence or to repeat courses in which their preparation is assessed to be weak.
Transfer Students
Students transferring from other accredited collegiate institutions may be considered for admission on an individual basis if they meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin and the freshman requirements for entering the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Intrauniversity transfers, within the same campus.of the University, to the College of Engineering and Applied Science will be considered on an individual basis if both of the following conditions are fulfilled:
1. Enrollment limitations permit.
2. The student’s prior academic record fulfills the admissions requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Intercampus transfers of students from one campus of the University to another will be considered on an individual basis if the following conditions are fulfilled:
1. Enrollment limitations permit.
2. The student has a minimum of 30 hours in an engineering curriculum at that campus, not counting transfer hours.
3. If an engineering student, the student is in good academic standing with at least 2.0 cumulative grade-point average for all courses attempted, for all courses taken from the student’s major department, and for all courses that count toward graduation
'Applicants not meeting these requirements will be considered on an individual basis. A student who is not prepared should expect to make up deficiencies.
2A unit of work in high school is defined as a course covering a school year of not fewer than 36 weeks, with five periods of at least 40 minutes per week. (Two periods of manual training, domestic science, drawing, or laboratory work are equivalent to one period of classroom work.) This is equivalent to 180 actual periods per unit. Fractional credits of value less than one-half unit will not be accepted. Not less than one unit of work will be accepted in a foreign language, elementary algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry, or biology.
3Electives may be chosen from any of the high school subjects (except physical education) which are accepted by an accredited school for its diploma and which meet the standards as defined by the North Central Association. However, not more than two units will be considered from drawing, shop, or other vocational work; courses that have descriptive geometry features may be considered for elective units beyond the recommended units.


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requirements. If not an engineering student, the student’s academic record has all that fulfills the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Interdepartmental transfers, whether on the same campus or from one campus to another within the College of Engineering, require the approval of both the gaining and losing departments in addition to the intercampus and intrauniversity transfer requirements listed above.
Some course sequences should be completed before transferring to another campus; therefore, it is strongly recommended that students who contemplate transferring campuses see their department adviser prior to initiating the transfer request.
Both intrauniversity and intercampus transfers are subject to review by a faculty committee which evaluates the applicant’s qualifications for academic success in engineering subjects.
TRANSFER CREDIT
After a prospective transfer student has made application and submitted official transcripts to the University of Colorado, Office of Admissions and Records, that office issues a Statement of Advanced Standing (currently Form 382) listing those courses that are acceptable by University standards for transfer. A copy of this statement is sent to the student and to the resident dean’s office by the Office of Admissions and Records and is made a part of the permanent record. The appropriate engineering faculty departmental representative will use this copy of the form to indicate which of those credits listed may be acceptable toward the 128-hour graduation requirement in the College of Engineering and Applied Science and note the tentative acceptance of these credits by dating and initialing each acceptable course listed on the Statement of Advanced Standing. The student should be aware that the acceptance is tentative and is contingent upon satisfactory completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado before the credits may be officially applied toward the degree requirements. It is the responsibility of transfer students, after having completed the 30 semester credit hours at the University of Colorado, to request final validation of the credits by their department and to have this validation noted on the Statement of Advanced Standing kept in the resident dean’s office.
If at any time a student wishes to have a course not previously accepted considered again for transfer, the student should consult with the departmental transfer adviser and complete a petition to the resident dean through the department chairman. All transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses.
NONTRANSFERABLE CREDITS
Students desiring to transfer credits from engineering technology programs should note that such credits are accepted only upon the submission of evidence that the work involved was fully equivalent to that offered in this College.
There are technology courses given with titles and textbooks identical to those of some engineering courses. These may still not be equivalent to engineering courses because of emphasis that is nonmathematical or otherwise divergent.
In order to assist engineering technology students with transfer planning, the following guidelines have been established:
Courses on basic subjects such as mathematics, physics, literature, or history may be acceptable for direct transfer of credit if they were taught as part of an accredited program for all students and were not specifically designated for technology students.
Students who have taken technology courses (courses with technology designations) that may be valid equivalents for engineering courses have these options:
1. They may petition faculty advisers to waive the requirement for the course. The requirement for a course can be waived if students demonstrate that, by previous course work, individual study, or work experience they have acquired the background and training normally provided by the course. No credit is given toward graduation for a waived course, but students may benefit from the waiver by being able to include more advanced work later in their curriculum. Other students may profit by taking the course at this College instead and thus establish a fully sound basis for what follows.
2. Credit for a course may be given if the course work was done at an accredited institution of higher education. The University of Colorado department involved may recommend that credit be transferred to count toward the requirements for a related course in its curriculum. Credit cannot be given for vocational-technical or remedial courses under rules of the University. (See section on transfer of college-level credit in the General Information section of this bulletin.)
3. Students may seek credit for the course by examination.
ACADEMIC POLICIES
Refer to the General Information section of this bulletin for descriptions of University-wide policies.
The following policies apply specifically to the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Advanced Placement
Advanced placement credit may be granted by special examination of the department involved or by College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) tests. If the applicant has scored 4 or 5 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination, credit toward graduation may be awarded. Students who have scored 3 may be considered for advanced placement by the department concerned. All advanced placement and transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses, in accordance with standard transfer policies of the College.
Advanced placement credit for the freshman mathematics courses in calculus will be limited to not more than 4 hours each.
Attendance Regulations
Successful work in the College of Engineering and Applied Science is dependent upon regular attendance in all classes. Students who are unavoidably absent should make arrangements with instructors to make up the work missed. Students who, for illness or other good reason, miss a final examination must notify


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 65
the instructor or the resident dean’s office no later than the end of the day on which the examination is given. Failure to do so will result in an F in the course.
Changing Departments
Students who wish to change to another department wi'thin the College of Engineering and Applied Science must apply for transfer by submitting a Change of Major for Undergraduate Degree Students form which must have the approval of both departments concerned. (See also discussion of interdepartmental transfer requirements under Transfer Students.)
College-Level Examination (CLEP) Credit
Prospective students may earn college-level credit through the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) subject examinations, provided that they score at the 67th percentile or above. Departments will advise students of the credits accepted for such courses. The number of credits so earned must be within the limits of the number of elective hours of the individual department. A list of subjects in which CLEP examination credit will be accepted may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science office. (See also College-Level Examination Program in the General Information section of this bulletin.) (CLEP general examinations are not acceptable.)
Counseling
Freshman students are counseled by the resident dean’s office and by representatives from each academic department. These representatives are readily available to assist students with academic, vocational, or personal concerns.
Students are assigned specific departmental advisers for academic planning and should contact the departmental office for advising appointments.
Course Load Policy
Full-time Students. Undergraduate students employed less than 10 hours per week should register for the regular work as outlined in the departmental curricula. Additional courses may be allowed when there is satisfactory evidence that these extra courses can be taken profitably and creditably. Permission to take more than 21 hours may be granted only after written petition and approval of the departmental chairman and the resident dean.
Employed Students. Suggested maximum course loads for undergraduate students employed 10 or more hours per week are as follows:
Employed 40 or more hours per week — two courses Imaximum of 9 semester hours)
Employed 30 to 39 hours per week — three courses (maximum of 12 semester hours)
Employed 20 to 29 hourse per week — four courses (maximum of 15 semester hours)
Employed 10 to 19 hours per week — five courses (maximum of 18 semester hours)
Freshman Year
Fundamentals taught in the freshman year are of prime importance in the more advanced classes, and every effort is made to register a beginning freshman in the proper courses. (Course
requirements for freshmen are detailed within the curriculum given under each department.)
All freshmen are urged to consult their instructors whenever they need help in their assignments.
Repetition of Courses
Students may not register for credit in a course in which they already have received a grade of Cor better. Students must repeat a course in which a grade of D was earned if that course is a prerequisite to another course. When a student takes a course for credit more than once, all grades are used in determining the grade-point average. An F grade in a required course necessitates a subsequent satisfactory completion of the course.
No Credit
An engineering student must petition for approval before enrolling no credit (NC) for any course. Required courses may not be taken for no credit. Once a course has been taken NC, the course cannot be repeated for credit.
Work Experience
It is the policy of the College of Engineering and Applied Science that any credits accrued in the official records of the student that were awarded for work experience (or for Cooperative Education experience) will not apply as part of the hours required for an engineering degree.
College Policy on Academic Progress
An engineering student must maintain a cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 or better, in hours attempted at the University of Colorado, in those courses required toward graduation requirements, and in all courses taken from the student’s major department in order to remain in good standing in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Grades earned at another institution are not used in calculating the grade-point average at the University of Colorado. However, grades earned in another school or college within the University of Colorado will be used in determining the student’s scholastic standing and progress or lack of progress toward the Bachelor of Science degree in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Students whose average falls below 2.0 in any of the three categories listed above will be placed on probation for the next semester in which they are enrolled in the College and will be so notified. If, after that semester the student’s average is still below 2.0, the student will be suspended from the College.
The following is additional information and interpretation of the policy:
1. Students who have been suspended are suspended indefinitely and may not enroll at any University of Colorado campus during any regular academic year, September through May, but may enroll in summer sessions or Vacation College, and/or may take correspondence courses for credit through the Division of Continuing Education.
2. Students who have been suspended may apply for readmission during the second semester following their suspension if they bring their University of Colorado cumulative average up to a 2.0 through summer session. Vacation College, and/or correspondence work applying to engineering degree requirements as approved by a member of the Academic Progress Committee.


66 / University of Colorado at Denver
3. Students, upon satisfactorily completing at another college or university a minimum of 12 semester hours of acceptable work appropriate to an engineering curriculum subsequent to suspension, may apply for readmission as a transfer student during the second semester following their suspension.
4. Applicants for readmission to the University of Colorado cannot be assured readmission.
5. During a probation semester the student must complete a normal load, i.e., 12 hours or more (for a full-time student) of courses counting toward graduation requirements. Physical education courses do not count; if the student has previously completed 6 hours of ROTC courses, ROTC courses do not count; if the required hours of social-humanistic subjects have been completed, social-humanistic subjects do not count.
6. Students who have been on probation or suspension at any time in the past will automatically be suspended if their overall average again falls below a 2.0.
Details of the probationary and suspension status and of the conditions for return to good academic standing will be stipulated in the letters of probation and suspension. Information regarding these matters may be obtained in the Office of the Resident Dean, Room UA 516.
In addition to College policies, departments within the College may set standards of progress within their department.
Academic Ethics (Dishonesty, Cheating)
Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Cheating, plagiarism, illegitimate possession and disposition of examinations, alteration, forgery, or falsification of official records, and similar acts or attempts to engage in such acts are grounds for suspension or expulsion from the University.
In particular, students are advised that plagiarism consists of any act involving the offering of the work of someone else as the student’s own. It is recommended that students consult with their instructors as to the proper preparation of reports, papers, etc., in order to avoid this and similar offenses.
At CU-Denver there is a code of Student Standards of Conduct. A copy of the code and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the Student Academic Services office.
Grading System, Incompletes, Pass/Fail and Drop/Add Procedures
See the General Information section of this bulletin for the University of Colorado uniform grading system and for additional pass/fail information and drop/add procedures. Also see the current Schedule of Courses.
GRADING SYSTEM
It is particularly important to note that in the College of Engineering and Applied Science courses to be counted toward fulfilling the graduation requirements cannot be taken no credit (NC).
INCOMPLETES
An incomplete may be given by the instructor for circumstances beyond the student’s control, such as a documented medical or personal emergency. When it is given, the student, the resident dean’s office, and the departmental office are informed,
in writing, by the instructor who states what the student is to do in order to remove the incomplete and when the tasks are to be completed. The instructor may assign only the l/F grade. The student is expected to complete the course requirements, e.g„ the final examination and term paper, within the established deadline and not to retake the entire course. The grade will be converted automatically to a grade of F after one year unless the specified work is completed.
PASS/FAIL
The primary purpose for offering courses on a pass/fail grade basis is to encourage students, especially juniors and seniors, to broaden their educational experience by electing challenging upper division social-humanistic elective courses without serious risk to their academic records. In general pass/fail should be limited to 300- or 400-level courses. Students must process the pass/fail form during the first two weeks of the semester. Engineering students cannot take required courses pass/fail. Below are specific pass/fail regulations for the College of Engineering and Applied Science:
1. A maximum of 16 pass/fail hours may be included in a student’s total program. A maximum of 6 hours may be taken in one semester, but it is recommended that not more than one course at a time be taken pass/fail.
2. Courses that a student may elect to take pass/fail shall be designated and approved in advance by the student’s major department. If courses not so designated are taken, the earned grade will be recorded in place of the P. An engineering student who has not designated a major field will not be allowed the pass/ fail option without approval through the resident dean’s office.
3. A transfer student may count toward graduation one credit hour of pass/fail for each 9 credit hours completed in the College; however, the maximum number of pass/fail hours counting toward graduation shall not exceed 16, including courses taken in the Honors Program under that program’s pass/fail grading system.
4. Students on academic probation should not enroll for pass/ fail courses.
DROP/ADD
See the General Information section of this bulletin for drop/ add procedures and deadlines. Only under very extenuating circumstances will petitions for dropping courses be considered after the tenth week of the semester.
Sequence of Courses
Full-time students should complete the courses in the department in which they are registered according to the curriculum shown under their major department in this bulletin. Part-time students may need to modify the order of courses with adviser approval. Any required course failed should be repeated as soon as the course is offered again.
Students who receive a grade of D or F in a course that is prerequisite to another may not register for the succeeding course unless they have the permission of both the department and the instructor of the succeeding course.
Students may enroll for as much as 50 percent of their courses in work that is not a part of the prescribed curricula of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, provided they have at least a


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2.0 grade average in all college work attempted. Exceptions to this policy may be made by petition and may be made for students admitted to the engineering-business program.
Graduation With Honors
In recognition of high scholastic and professional attainments, Honors or Special Honors (at the discretion of the Engineering Honors and Recognition Committee) will be awarded at graduation. These honors will be recorded on the diplomas of the graduates receiving them and indicated in the commencement program.
Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum
The faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science requires that 18 semester hours shall be considered the minimum of social-humanistic content of the degree-granting departments. However, some departments require 24 semester hours.
Six hours of social-humanistic subjects should be taken at the junior level and 6 at the senior level. These subjects should be taken from the following categories, with no more than half from any one of the three categories listed below:
1. Literature (including foreign literature either in the original or in translation).
2. Economics, sociology, political science, history, anthropology, and psychology.
3. Fine arts and music (critical or historical).
Courses such as accounting, contracts, management, elementary foreign languages, public speaking, and technical writing should be used as technical electives where applicable. (Elective courses are to be coordinated with the faculty adviser.) Qualified students are encouraged to take appropriate honors courses for social-humanistic electives.
The Humanities and Literature Program is designed to develop communication and analytical skills which are essential for every professional person. Engineering students may select courses from the three components of the program:
1. Hum. 101, an interdisciplinary, team-taught class, is a core course in the Honors in Humanities Program offered by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
2. A sequence of seven Great Books courses. This series, chronologically arranged, begins with the Classical Heritage and ends with Contemporary World Literature. Students may take any of these courses. They need not be taken in order; rather, students should choose those historical periods of most interest to them. (The sequence is Engl. 251, 252, 253, 254, 256, 257, 258 — see the English course descriptions for details.)
3. Engl. 120, Introduction to Fiction, and Engl. 130, Introduction to Poetry and Drama, focus on methodology more than the Great Books sequence, dealing with analyses of literary forms and structures. Students must determine the specific requirements of their particular degree programs with respect to humanities and literature.
PLANNING AN ENGINEERING PROGRAM
It is the responsibility of students to be sure they have fulfilled all the requirements, to file the intended date of graduation in the departmental office at the completion of their junior year, to fill out a Diploma Card at registration at the beginning of the last semester, and to keep the departmental adviser and the resident dean's office
informed of any changes in the students’ plans throughout the last year.
In order to become eligible for one of the bachelor’s degrees in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, a student, in addition to being in good standing in the University, must meet the following minimum requirements:
Courses. The satisfactory completion of the prescribed and elective work in any curriculum as determined by the appropriate department.
Hours. A minimum of 128 hours, of which the last 30 shall be earned after matriculation and admission as a degree student in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU is required for students in the four-year curricula; however, many students may need to present more than the minimum hours because of certain departmental requirements and because they may have enrolled in courses which do not carry full credit toward a degree. The hours required for students in the business-engineering program vary by departments; as a guide, 158 semester hours are considered a minimum, but most students follow programs that bring the total above this figure.
Grade Average. A minimum grade-point average of 2.0 (O for all courses attempted, for all required courses, and for all courses taken from the student’s major department. A department may require a minimum grade of C in all major courses.
Faculty Recommendation. The recommendation of the faculty of the department offering the degree and the recommendation of the faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
Incompletes and Correspondence Courses. It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that all incompletes and correspondence courses are officially completed before the tenth week of the student’s final semester in school.
Simultaneous Conferring of Degrees. For business-engineering students, the degree B.S. in business and the degree B.S. in engineering must be conferred at the same commencement.
Commencement Exercises. Commencement exercises are held in May. Students finishing in December and August may attend commencement the following May or receive diplomas by mail.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES
In addition to the standard four-year degree, programs previously listed, the College is involved in the following programs.
Business and Engineering Curricula
Undergraduates in the College of Engineering and Applied Science with career interests in administration may complete all of the requirements for both a B.S. degree in engineering and a B.S. degree in business by extending their study programs to five years, including one or two summer terms. The 48 semester credits required in the College of Business and Administration may be started in the second, third, or fourth year, depending upon the curriculum plan for the particular field of engineering in which the student is enrolled.
Students taking these undergraduate programs are not required to submit formal application for admission to the College of Business. However, before enrolling in any business courses, the student must see an adviser and have approval from the College of Business.
Requirements for the undergraduate business degree and engineering degree must be completed concurrently. At least a 2.0


68 / University of Colorado at Denver
grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Not fewer than 30 semester credits in business courses must be earned to establish residency credit. Courses offered by the College of Business may be used in lieu of electives required for undergraduate engineering degrees, subject to the approval of the individual department.
It is also possible for qualified graduates (GPA: 3.0 or better) to complete the requirements for a master’s degree in business within one year after receiving the baccalaureate degree in engineering. Before deciding upon the business option, a student should carefully consider, in consultation with departmental advisers, the relative advantages of the B.S. business-B.S. engineering curricula, the degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the Master of Science or the Master of Engineering degree program in the student’s own engineering discipline.
The required nonbusiness courses are listed in the College of Business and Administration section of this bulletin.
The business requirements for this program are as follows:
Courses Semester Hours
Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics......................... 6
(Should be completed during the student’s sophomore year or junior year.)
Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting ..................... 3
l.S. 200. Business Information and the Computer ................... 3
Q.M. 201. Business Statistics........................................ 3
Mk. 300. Principles of Marketing .................................... 3
Fin. 305. Basic Finance.............................................. 3
Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management..................... 3
Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and
Organization ..................................................... 3
B.Law 300. Business Law ............................................. 3
B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B.Ad. 411.
Business and Society.............................................. 3
B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or
B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy, and Entrepreneurship.................................................. 3
Specified courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields: accounting, finance, information systems, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources tfranagement, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transportation and distribution management. All course work in the area of emphasis must be taken in the University of Colorado College of Business and
Administration.................................................... 12
Total 48
The student should note that for some courses, and for some areas of emphasis, there are prerequisites which must be met. Since some of the courses may be taken as engineering electives, it is possible to obtain the two degrees in as few as 158 semester hours; however, most students will require more.
Joint Engineering Degrees
A student may obtain two engineering degrees by meeting the requirements and, by petition, obtaining the approval of both departments concerned. Thirty hours of elective or required subjects in addition to the largest minimum number required by either of the two departments must be completed. Of the 30 additional hours for the second degree, a minimum of 24 hours
shall be in courses in the department concerned or in courses approved in writing in advance by the department as substitutes.
Premedicine Option
A professional school in a field such as medicine requires a student to have a college education prior to pursuing its professional courses. In practically all cases, medical students are university graduates, although occasionally a student may enter medical school after three years of university training. A student can prepare for medical school either in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences or in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The desirability of obtaining an engineering education prior to undertaking a study of medicine is increasing continually, as medicine itself is evolving. A great deal of additional equipment, most of it electronic, is being developed to assist the medical practitioner in treatment of patients. Bio-engineering, engineering systems analysis, probability, and communication theory are highly applicable to medical problems. Improved communication techniques also are allowing the storage and retrieval of information not previously available to the medical doctor. An advanced knowledge of basic mathematics and computing techniques, along with increased understanding of physical chemistry, are improving the scientific base upon which medical knowledge rests. It is therefore desirable that the medical practitioner and researcher in the future be well equipped with the tools which engineering can offer.
To provide at least a minimum of the necessary knowledge, the additional courses listed below are prescribed and must be completed with superior grades. General overall requirements for entry into most medical schools are given. Students can meet these requirements by careful substitution of electives in the engineering curriculum. In some cases where additional hours may be required, interested students should consult with the engineering department chairman.
General chemistry (103-106)................ 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.)
Organic chemistry (341, 342, 343,
344).................................... 2 sem. (8-10 sem. hrs.)
General biology (205-206).................... 2 sem. (8 sem. hrs.)
English composition.......................... 1 sem. (3 sem. hrs.)
To prepare for a career in medicine in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, it is strongly recommended that the student follow a full four-year college program and earn a B.S. degree.
The Admissions Committee of the University of Colorado School of Medicine welcomes inquiries and visits from prospective students, particularly at the time of their first interest in medicine as their chosen profession.
Students desiring to enter a premedical program should consult the representative of the department involved. At CU-Denver premedical advising is available through the Health Careers Adviser, Science Bldg., Room 223C.
GRADUATE STUDY IN ENGINEERING
The College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU-Denver offers graduate programs in civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 69
For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the degrees Master of Engineering, Master of Environmental Science, Master of Science or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin.
Education for Employed Professional Engineers
Continuing education for employed engineers grows more important each year. Therefore, the College puts great emphasis upon making graduate courses available through night and televised courses. The Master of Engineering degree permits graduate students more flexibility in defining specialized interdisciplinary fields that meet their professional needs. This degree has standards fully equivalent to those of the Master of Science degree.
In addition to credit course work, the College works jointly with the Division of Continuing Education to offer noncredit courses of interest to practicing engineers.
Concurrent B.S. and M.S. Degree Program in Engineering
Students who plan to continue in the Graduate School after completing the requirements for the B.S. degree may apply for admission to the concurrent degree program through their department early in the second semester of their junior year (after completion of at least 80 semester hours). Requirements are the same as for the two degrees taken separately: 128 credit hours for the B.S. degree and 30 credit hours for the M.S. degree. Socio-humanistic requirements must be completed within the first 128 credit hours. A 3.0 grade-point average for all work attempted through the first six semesters (at least 96 credit hours) and written recommendations from at least two major-field faculty members are required.
The purpose of the concurrent degree program is to allow the student, who qualifies for graduate study and expects to continue for an advanced degree, to plan his/her graduate program from the beginning of the senior year rather than from the first year of graduate study. The student can then reach the degree of proficiency required to begin research at an earlier time, and can make better and fuller use of courses offered only in alternate years.
Students will be assigned faculty advisers to help them develop the program best suited to their particular interests. Those in the program will be encouraged to pursue independent study on research problems or in areas of specialization where no formal courses are offered. A liberal substitution policy will be followed for courses normally required in the last year of the undergraduate curriculum. The program selected must be planned so that the student may qualify for a B.S. degree after completing the credit-hour requirements for the degree if the student so elects, or if the student’s grade-point average falls below the 3.0 required to remain in the program. In this case, all hours completed with a passing grade while in the program will count toward fulfilling the normal requirements for the B.S. degree. There will be no credit given toward a graduate degree for courses applied to the B.S degree requirements; however, students are still eligible to apply for admission to The Graduate School under the rules set forth in The Graduate School section of this bulletin. Normally, however, the student will apply for admission to The Graduate School when at least 122 of the 128 credit hours required for the B.S. degree have been completed, and will be awarded the B.S. and
M.S. degrees simultaneously upon meeting the requirements set forth for the concurrent degree program.
Graduate Work in Business
Undergraduates in engineering who intend to pursue graduate study in business may complete some of the business background requirements as electives in their undergraduate programs. Seniors in engineering who have such intentions and appear likely to qualify for admission to graduate study in business may be permitted to register for any of the graduate fundamentals courses which are designed to provide qualified students with needed background preparation in business. Students should see an adviser from the College of Business for approval.
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING SCIENCES
Admission to this program must be approved by the department at the Boulder campus.
The primary objective of the aerospace engineering sciences curriculum is to provide sound general training in subjects fundamental to the practice of and research in this branch of engineering sciences. The major part of the first three years is devoted to the study of mathematics, physics, mechanics, chemistry, and the humanities. The fourth year is devoted to the professional courses in the fields of physics of fluids (fluid dynamics); propulsion and energy conversion; flight dynamics, control, and guidance; space system analysis; materials and structural mechanics; space environment; and bioengineering.
The minimum total number of semester hours for the B.S. degree is 128, and business courses may not be substituted for technical electives in the aerospace curriculum.
The complete aerospace engineering sciences program is not available at CU-Denver. Therefore, students wishing to complete this program must apply to the University of Colorado at Boulder. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Aerospace Engineering Sciences)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical first two years of the program:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I....................... 4
Great Books ....................................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) ........................ 5
M.E. 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering ...................2
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 11...................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics 1....................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1 ................................. 1
C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing (see note 3) ................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Total 15


70 / University of Colorado at Denver
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ................... 4
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics 1................................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)........................... 3
Phys. 233. General Physics II...................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II ............................... 1
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations
and Linear Algebra.............................................. 4
C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II ................................. 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics ......................................... 3
M.E. 301. Introduction to Materials Science I...................... 3
Phys. 281. Modem Physics........................................... 3
Total 16
Notes for B.S. (Aerospace Engineering)
1. For information concerning socio-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Ch.E. 210 may be substituted.
3. For the student seriously interested in computer science, the sequence C.S. 141/242 is recommended.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Charles I. Sherrill HI, Coordinator
The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers all courses in mathematics, both required and elective, for undergraduate and graduate students in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Three curricula leading to the degree B.S. (A.Math.) are offered. In Option I, the student takes a minor in a specific engineering department, satisfying an adviser from that department. In Option II, the student takes distributed course work in engineering departments, including a solid grounding in mechanics, circuits, and materials. Option III is a joint mathematics-computer science program. Regardless of the option chosen, each student is expected to complete a minimum of 45 semester hours of course work in mathematics beginning with Math. 140.
Modem industrial and scientific research is so dependent on advanced mathematical concepts that applied mathematicians are needed today by almost all concerns which are engaged in such research.
The undergraduate curriculum is designed to give training in mathematics and in engineering and science. The use of numerical methods and computers is included.
Nontechnical electives should be broadening and have cultural value. Courses in the humanities and the social sciences are required. Students interested in research should consider taking a foreign language. Some 300- and 400-level language courses may be counted as socio-humanistic electives. Under all circumstances, a student must plan a complete program and obtain the approval of a departmental adviser at the beginning of the sophomore year.
The B.S. degree in applied mathematics requires the completion of a minimum of 128 credit hours of course work with an average grade of C or better (a 2.0 grade-point average) and a grade of C or better in all mathematics courses. Course work in
the socio-humanistic elective area must be approved by the student’s adviser and should include 6 semester hours of upper division (junior or senior) level courses.
Curriculum for B.S.
(Applied Mathematics)
Freshmen Year
Fall Semester Semester Flours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ....................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry or Chem. 113 ......................... 5
Great Books (see note 1) .......................................... 3
C.S. 141. Fundamentals of Computing ..................................3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II....................... 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing....................................... 2
Great Books (see note 1) .......................................... 3
Phys. 231. General Physics I ...................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I.................................. 1
Socio-humanistic elective (see notes 3 and 4).........................3
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ....................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II ................................ 1
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) ...............................6
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra.................................................... 4
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) ............................ 6
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) .............................. 3
Total 13
Junior Year Fall Semester
Math. 431. Advanced Calculus I....................................... 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics ........................................... 3
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) ............................ 11
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 381 or 481. Probability Theory .............................. 3
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) ............................ 11
Socio-humanistic elective (see notes 1 and 2)........................ 3
Total ' 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) ............................. 12
Socio-humanistic elective (see notes 1 and 2)........................ 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) ............................. 12
Socio-humanistic elective (see notes 1 and 2)........................ 3
Total 15


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 71
Requirements under each option are as follows:
Option I (Specialty engineering) Semester Hours
Specialty in a specific engineering department..................... 18-30
Mathematics electives ................................................ 24
Other electives .................................................... 9-28
Required socio-humanistic electives (see notes 1
and 2) ......................................................... 12-18
(Electives should include Math. 432.)
Option II (Distributed engineering)
Distributed engineering courses in the engineering college ................................................23-30
(A minimal program would consist of the following courses: C.E. 212, C.E. 311, E.E. 213, E.E. 214, E.E. 313, M.E. 301, M.E. 385, or C.E. 331 or
their equivalents.)
Mathematics electives ............................................... 24
Other electives ................................................... 9-28
Required socio-humanistic electives (see notes 1
and 2) ........................................................ 12-18
(Electives should include Math. 432.)
Option III (Computer science)
Specific courses rquired under Option HI:
C.S. 151.............................................................. 3
C.S. 242.............................................................. 3
C.S. 252.............................................................. 3
C.S. 340.............................................................. 3
C.S. 341.............................................................. 3
C.S. 358.............................................................. 2
C.S. 359.............................................................. 3
Math. 465............................................................. 3
Math. 466............................................................. 3
Mathematics electives................................................ 18
Other electives ................................................... 9-28
Required socio-humanistic electives (see notes 1 and 2) ........................................................... 12-18
Notes for B.S. (Applied Mathematics)
1. For options in Literature and information concerning socio-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Students may take upper division socio-humanistic electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
3. A minimum of 10 approved courses in mathematics beyond 140,241, 242, and 302 is required of all students majoring in applied mathematics.
4. In addition to C.S. 141, Engr. 101 and Engr. 301, the student must take a minimum of 18 hours of approved elective engineering courses excluding chemistry, mathematics, and physics courses. Furthermore, the student who does not have a strong interest in applications of mathematics to engineering is encouraged to consider a major in mathematics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
John R. Mays, Coordinator
Admission to this program must be approved by the department at the Boulder campus.
The architectural engineering curriculum is administered at the Boulder campus by the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Its purpose is to prepare a student for a career in the building industry and for graduate-level research on building-
related topics. The building industry is the largest single industry in the United States and includes many diverse skills and fields of knowledge.
This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer.
The architectural engineering curriculum is recommended for those wishing to specialize (within the building industry) in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering.
Specialization in construction is for students planning a career in contracting and building construction. This program involves courses in construction management, planning and scheduling techniques, cost accounting, estimating and pricing, building materials, and construction methods.
Students interested in environmental engineering may concentrate their efforts in the fields of illumination and electrical systems design, heating-ventilating-air conditioning systems design, sanitation and water supply, or acoustics.
The third area of specialization is for those interested in the design of structural systems for buildings. Courses available are structural analysis; statically indeterminate structures; and steel, concrete, and timber design.
The five-year course leading to a B.S. degree in architectural engineering and a B.S. degree in business offers opportunity to complement the architectural engineering background with study in one of the major areas of business administration, such as personnel and business management, marketing, and finance.
Approximately one-half of the architectural engineering program is available at CU-Denver under the Department of Civil Engineering. Students wishing to complete the architectural engineering program must apply to the University of Colorado at Boulder. The complete curriculum and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Curriculum for B.S. (Architectural Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical first two years of the program includes:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1........................ 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing .................................... 2
Socio-humanistic electives (see note 1)............................ 6
C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing .................................3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II....................... 4
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1).............................. 3
Arch.E. 102. Descriptive Geometry (see note 4)...................... 2
Phys. 231. General Physics I........................................ 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I................................... 1
Ch.E. 210. Chemical and Physical Properties of
Materials (see note 3)........................................... 4
Total 18


72 / University of Colorado at Denver
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 111..................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II ............................... 1
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I................................... 3
Arch.E. 201. Introduction to Solar Utilization (see note 4).........3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra___ 4
Arch.E. 202. Energy Fundamentals (see note 4)..................... 3
C.E. 312. Mechanics of Materials .................................. 3
Basic science elective (see note 2)................................ 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Total 16
Notes for B.S. (Architectural Engineering)
1. Great Books series recommended; see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Department approval required.
3. Chem. 103-5 or Chem. 113-5 may be substituted for Ch.E. 210-4, in which case the technical elective requirement is reduced by one credit hour.
4. Arch.E. 102,201 and 202 are normally not available at CU-Denver. An adviser-approved junior or senior course may be moved ahead.
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
David W. Hubly, Coordinator
Admission to this program must be approved by the department at Boulder.
Meeting the crisis in oil and energy, cleaning up the water and air, producing new and better materials to replace those that are limited or scarce — these are jobs in which one will find the chemical engineer.
Chemical plants (including refineries and gasification plants) convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products. Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering—oils, metals, glass, plastic, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others.
The department, located at the Boulder campus, is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of chemical processes. It is also working on energy problems and is stressing problems of energy conversion in its instructional program.
Many essentials of life originate in chemical engineering. Recycling of wastes and resources is not a new idea in chemical engineering but a long-standing principle. Since the earth now is perceived as a self-renewing system, intelligent generalization of the recycle theory to the entire cycle of natural resources is a challenge and opportunity for chemical engineers. Cleaning up pollution from chemical plants and from other sources is largely a chemical engineering problem. The chemical engineer efficiently uses and conserves natural resources to create valuable end products and to preserve environmental values.
Thus, chemical engineering continually changes and progresses. The Department of Chemical Engineering at the Boulder campus therefore helps students to prepare to be immediately valuable to industry and eventually to lead future
developments in industry and research. Whether they plan to go into industry or on to graduate work, students are urged to watch, understand, and enjoy the sparkle and interplay of new ideas and new technologies.
The complete chemical engineering program is not available at CU-Denver. However, for new first-year students, approximately one-half of the program is available. Students wishing to complete this program should apply to the University of Colorado at Boulder. Also, students must arrange to take Ch.E. 212 (Chemical Engineering Material and Energy Balances) concurrently in Boulder during the spring semester of their sophomore year, or it will delay graduation by a year. The complete curriculum, degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Students interested in chemical engineering but who are unable to consider full-time, day-time study in Boulder should discuss alternative programs with the coordinator.
Curriculum for B.S. (Chemical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical first two years of the program includes:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Flours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1...................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry .................................... 5
Great Books (see note 1) ........................................ 3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing .................................. 2
Ch.E. 130. Introduction to Chemical Engineering....................2
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II..................... 4
Chem. 106. General Chemistry ..................................... 5
Great Books (see note 1) ........................................ 3
C.S. 141. Fundamentals of Computing............................... 3
Total 15
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III..................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I...................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I................................. 1
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ 3
Chem. 341. Organic Chemistry...................................... 3
Chem. 343. Organic Chemistry Lab. I............................... 1
Total 16
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra................................................. 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II..................................... 4
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ 3
Chem. 342. Organic Chemistry...................................... 3
Chem. 344. Organic Chemistry Lab. II ............................. 1
Ch.E. 212. Chemical Engineering Material and
Energy Balances (see note 2)................................... 3
Total 18
Notes for B.S. (Chemical Engineering)
1. For English options and information concerning socio-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Students must arrange to take Ch.E. 212 concurrently in Boulder during the spring semester of their sophomore year, or it will delay graduation by a year.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 73
CIVIL ENGINEERING
William C. Hughes, Chairman
Civil engineering is generally the broadest field of engineering studied in American universities today. Civil engineering offers an interesting and highly challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipe lines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and control of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the regulation of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction industry; and in general in the rapidly expanding problems concerned with mankind’s physical environment and the growth of cities. Furthermore, students educated in civil engineering frequently find rewarding employment in other fields: for example, in aerospace structures, electric power generation, city planning, the process industries, industrial engineering, business management and law or medicine (after appropriate education in law or medical school). The breadth of the civil engineering undergraduate program provides an excellent educational background for many fields of endeavor.
The curriculum is designed to give the student a broad knowledge of the basic engineering sciences of chemistry, mathematics (including differential equations), physics, mechanics (including fluid mechanics and soil mechanics), electrical circuits, and thermodynamics. In addition, it includes 16-24 semester hours in socio-humanistic studies.
Specialized training is achieved through certain required courses, followed by more advanced civil engineering electives. By proper selection of these electives the senior student who wishes to specialize may emphasize any of the four major areas of civil engineering: structures, water resources, transportation, or geotechnical engineering. To be awarded the B.S. degree, a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all C.E. courses applied to the degree.
A five-year program has been arranged for students who wish to pursue a B.S. degree in civil engineering and a B.S. degree in business.
A student interested in a premedical option should consult with an adviser and the department chairman at the earliest possible time in order to make proper plans for an acceptable program. See Premedical Option.
Curriculum for B.S. (Civil Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ...................... 4
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) ........................... 3
C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing................................. 3
Ch.E. 210. Physical and Chemical Properties of
Matter (see note 2) ............................................. 4
Total 14
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II....................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I ..............:....................... 4
C.E. 221. Plane Surveying ........................................... 3
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing....................................... 2
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) ...............................3
Total 16
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III...................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II...................................... 4
Engl. 315. Technical Writing....................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) .............................. 3
C.E. 212. Analytical Mechanics I .................................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra................................................... 4
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) ............................. 3
C.E. 312. Mechanics of Materials.................................... 3
C.E. 314. Materials Testing Laboratory ............................. 2
Geol. 201. Introduction to Geomorphology (see note 3).................4
Total 16
Junior Year Fall Semester
C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II................................... 3
C.E. 331. Theoretical Fluid Mechanics............................... 3
C.E. 350. Structural Analysis....................................... 3
C.E. 360. Transportation Engineering ............................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1).............................. 4
Total 16
Spring Semester
C.E. 332. Applied fluid Mechanics................................... 3
C.E. 380. Soils and Foundation Engineering.......................... 3
C.E. 315. Water Quality Laboratory.................................. 2
C.E. 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics............................... 2
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics .......................................... 3
Elective (see note 4) .............................................. 3
Total 16
Senior Year Fall Semester
C.E. 341. Water Quality Engineering ................................ 3
C.E. 457. Design of Steel Structures or
C.E. 458. Reinforced Concrete ................................... 3
Civil engineering electives (see note 5)............................ 6
Electives (see note 4).............................................. 6
Total 18
Spring Semester
E.E. 303. Electric Circuits I ...................................... 3
C.E. 442. Municipal Design Projects or
C.E. 460. Highway Engineering ................................... 3
Civil engineering electives (see note 5)............................ 6
Elective (see note 4) .............................................. 3
Total 15


74 / University of Colorado at Denver
Notes for B.S. (Civil Engineering)
1. These courses shall be selected from the list of Socio-humanistic courses approved by the Department of Civil Engineering.
2. Or Chem. 113-5 or Chem. 103-5. Chem. 103 is required for students wishing to take Chem. 106 as an elective course.
3. Or Geol. 207. Geol. 207 is required for students wishing to take Geol. 208 as an elective course.
4. These courses shall be selected from current lists of elective courses approved by the Department of Civil Engineering. No more than 8 semester hours of Socio-humanistic courses may be applied to the B.S. degree in this category.
5. Civil engineering electives shall be chosen to form an integrated program using a course list approved by the Department of Civil Engineering.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE
W. Thomas Cathey, Chairman Computer Science Program
The goal of the computer science program is to educate men and women to take professional places in the burgeoning computer industry at any level accessible to a bachelor’s degree candidate in computer science. This means that graduates of the C.S. program should be able to:
1. Understand and use a wide variety of problem-solving algorithms, and on this basis be able to evaluate software for suitability in solving a wide range of problems, or if necessary, create software for solving the problems.
2. Write computer programs effectively and efficiently in several languages. Each graduate should be sufficiently well trained in some applications area so that the graduate understands the common conventions and basic theory of that discipline, and can communicate effectively with the professionals in that discipline who need programming help.
3. Understand computer hardware and software systems. Each graduate should be sufficiently well trained to understand hardware at the systems level and be able to make an intelligent choice of hardware needed for various classes of problems. The graduate should also be competent to understand software systems (compilers, operating systems, applications packages, etc.) for the same purpose.
4. Enter any recognized graduate school for further training if the graduate has shown sufficient scholastic performance.
The field of study encompasses a new, but very substantial, body of knowledge dealing with the design of computers and computer systems; the application of computers in data processing, problem solving, and similar kinds of activities; an understanding of computer languages; and the design, writing, and testing of software in various languages to be used in various applications. The computer scientist not only uses the computer for immediate ends, but also is capable of understanding and using the underlying theoretical bases perhaps to create new systems, new designs, and new languages. Included in the field of knowledge are artificial intelligence (how can the computer be programmed to recognize patterns and relationships in and among sets of data?) and automata theory (formal models of computation, formal grammars, and the understanding of what things are and are not computable.). Nonetheless, programming is a substantial part of most computer scientists’ work, and the development of professional skill in this activity is one of the most important objectives of the program.
Computer Science Curriculum
The curriculum in computer science is planned to give breadth of background in computer science after establishing a solid
foundation in mathematics and science. Each student will take electives emphasizing computer-related areas. Those who wish to study computers with a heavier emphasis on engineering should consider the electrical engineering program with electives from computer science.
To be awarded the B.S. in C.S. a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all C.S. and E.E. courses applied to the degree. To be in good standing in the program (see Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering introductory section of this bulletin) a student must maintain a 2.0 average in all C.S. and E.E. courses attempted.
Curriculum for B.S. (Computer Science)
The minimum number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical
program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1...................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I..................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. 1 ............................... 1
C.S. 141. Fundamentals of Computing I (E.E. 141) ................ 3
Engl. 102. Writing Workshop II (see note 1).........................3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II..................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics 11.................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II .............................. 1
C.S. 151. Logic Circuits (E.E. 151) ............................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)..............................3
Total 15
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III..................... 4
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) ........................ 5
C.S. 252. Assembly Language....................................... 3
C.T. 210. Speech Making (see note 1) ...............................3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra__ 4
Phys. 281. Modem Physics.......................................... 3
C.S. 242. Fundamentals of Computing II............................ 3
E.E. 303. Electric Circuits for non-majors ....................... 3
E.E. 343. Electrical Laboratory .................................. I
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................ 3
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
Math. 4)3. Advanced Finite Mathematics I (C.S. 413) ................ 3
C.S. 354. Computer Architecture ..................................... 3
C.S. 340. Data Structures............................................ 3
C.S. 358. Logic Laboratory .......................................... 2
Area elective (see note 3) .......................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................... 3
Total 17


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 75
Spring Semester
Math. 381. Probability Theory (E.E. 381)........................... 3
C.S. 341. Programming Languages...................................... 3
C.S. 345. Operating Systems.......................................... 3
C.S. 360. Computer Laboratory ..................................... 2
Area elective (see note 3)......................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)................................3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
Math. 465. Numerical Analysis 1 (C.S. 465)......................... 3
C.S. 403. Formal Languages and Translation .......................... 3
Area electives (see note 3) ......................................... 6
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................... 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
C.S. 471. C.S. Design Laboratory .................................... 2
Area electives (see note 3) ......................................... 6
General electives (see note 4) ...................................... 6
Socio-humanistic electives (see note 1).............................. 3
Total 17
Notes for B.S. (Computer Science)
Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. In addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete all courses at a given level (freshman, sophomore, etc.) before taking those at the next level.
1. Of the 24 hours of required socio-humanistic electives, a student must have 6 hours of communications, a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one socio-humanistic elective course. Students must pass Engl. 102 with a Cor better, or must pass an equivalency test. If students pass the equivalency test, they may complete their communication requirement by taking Engl. 315 or other approved communication course. See the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
2. Or Chem 113 or Ch.E. 210.
3. Area electives (18 semester hours) are to form a coherent group of courses that will give the student a comprehensive introduction to an area closely related to computers or computing. Examples are engineering, mathematics, science, or business. The list of area electives must be approved in advance by the student’s adviser. Twelve of the eighteen hours must be in upper division courses.
4. General electives are selected from any courses acceptable for credit in the College of Engineering and Applied Science (i.e., skills courses, performance courses, and remedial courses are not acceptable).
Electrical Engineering Program
The professional possibilities in electrical engineering include teaching and research in a university; research and development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, systems, or products; design of computers, computer interfaces, communications and control systems, or power systems; production and quality-control of electrical products or systems for private industry or government; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government.
The electrical engineering course of study begins with principles of physics, chemistry, and mathematics and follows with an intensive training in the theory and laboratory application of logic and electrical circuits, electromagnetic and transmission theory,
electrical machines and transformers, and electronics and microprocessors. Throughout the entire course of study, students reinforce their understanding of the theory in well-equipped laboratories.
Students are encouraged to develop interests outside of their electrical engineering specialty, thus providing themselves with a well-rounded background and a sense of awareness and responsibility for their future role in society. They are urged to attend meetings of their student professional society, where practicing engineers from many engineering specialties speak of their experiences.
The areas of specialization that electrical engineering students may enter upon graduation are so numerous (antennas, communication systems, computer design, controls, digital system design, electronics, electro-optics, microwaves, power, signal processing), it is impossible for the undergraduate training to cover them in detail. Intense specialization may be left to additional training that graduates may receive when they assume positions with industrial firms, or acquire by specialization through graduate work beyond the bachelor’s degree.
Undergraduate students who work and who have elected courses in their senior year that strengthen their mathematical background may decide to undertake graduate study. The curriculum in electrical engineering is designed to make it possible for the graduating senior with high scholarship to finish a master’s degree in electrical engineering in about one additional full year of work at any of the nation’s major universities.
Electrical Engineering Curriculum
The new curriculum for electrical engineering is shown below. This program reflects the requirements for those who will receive the B.S. in E.E. on or after May 1987. Students who will graduate after May 1984 and before May 1987 will be permitted to satisfy either the new curriculum or the older curriculum published in the 1983-84 bulletin of the University of Colorado at Denver. Students in this category should note that they must satisfy either curriculum in total, rather than selecting parts from each.
To be awarded the B.S. in E.E. a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all E.E. and C.S. courses applied toward the degree. To be in good standing in the program (see Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering introductory section of this bulletin), a student must maintain at least a 2.0 grade-point average in all E.E. and C.S. courses attempted.
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
The joint degree in electrical engineering and computer science is being replaced by the degree in computer science. Those students who wish to study electrical engineering with a strong computer emphasis can do so by taking computer science courses as professional electives in the electrical engineering program.
Business Option
Students wishing to complete a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and a B.S. degree in business should not start the business program until their fourth year, with the exception of electing Econ. 201 and 202 for two of their socio-humanistic electives. Students with a B average may wish to consider obtaining a master’s degree in business administration. For both of these programs, students should refer to the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
Premedical Option
A program has been developed which permits the student to satisfy the entrance requirements for medical school, such as


76 / University of Colorado at Denver
those of the University of Colorado, while earning a B.S. in electrical engineering.
Medical schools typically require that applicants have completed two semesters of general chemistry, two semesters of organic chemistry, and two semesters of general biology, all with laboratories. A course in English composition is recommended.
More specific information on medical school requirements may be obtained at the office of the Health Careers Adviser at CU-Denver.
Curriculum for B.S. (Electrical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1....................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I.................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I.................................. 1
E.E. 151. Logic Circuits (C.S. 151) .............................. 3
Engl. 102. Writing Workshop II (see note 1).........................3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II...................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II.................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. 11 ................................ 1
E.E. 141. Fundamentals of Computing I (C.S. 141) ................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)..............................3
Total 15
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Chem. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) ........................ 5
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ..................... 4
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I...................................... 4
E.E. 253. Circuits Lab. I......................................... 1
C.T. 210. Speech Making (See note 1)............................... 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra.................................................. 4
Phys. 281. Modem Physics........................................... 3
E.E. 214. Circuit Analysis II...................................... 3
E.E. 254. Circuits Lab. II ........................................ 1
E.E. 265. Introduction to Computer Engineering..................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields 1................................. 3
E.E. 321. Electronics I............................................ 3
E.E. 371. Electronics Lab. I ...................................... 1
E.E. 372. Power Lab................................................ 1
C.E. 313. Applied Mechanics (see note 3)........................... 3
E.E. 316. Energy Conversion I...................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Total 17
Spring Semester
E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II.................................. 3
E.E. 322. Electronics II............................................. 3
E.E. 331. Linear Systems Theory...................................... 3
E.E. 373. Junior Lab................................................. 2
E.E. 381. Probability Theory ........................................ 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................... 3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. Specialty (see note 4) ......................................... 3
Senior Design Laboratory............................................. 3
Professional elective (see note 5)................................... 3
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics ........................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................... 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
E.E. Specialty (see note 4) ......................................... 6
Senior Design Laboratory............................................. 3
Professional elective (see note 5)................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................... 3
Total 15
Notes for B.S. (Electrical Engineering)
Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. In addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete sophomore level courses before taking junior level courses and should have completed their junior level E.E. courses before starting their 400-lcvel E.E. electives.
1. Of the 24 hours of required socio-humanistic electives, a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in communications, 6 hours in literature, and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one socio-humanistic elective course. Students must also pass English 102 with a Cor better, or must pass the equivalency test. If students pass the equivalency test, they may complete their communication requirement by taking Engl. 315 or other approved communication course.
2. Or Chem. 113 or Ch.E. 210.
3. The mechanics requirement may be satisfied by the 3-hour course, C.E. 313, or the 6-hour sequence of C.E. 212 and C.E. 311.
4. For the E.E. Specialty courses a student must take 3 of: E.E. 413-3, Control Systems; E.E. 416-3, Energy Conversion II; E.E. 422-3, Electronics III; E.E. 424-3, Communication Theory; E.E. 459-3, Computer Organization. Each student will take 6 semester hours of Senior Design Laboratories in E.E. specialties.
5. Professional electives are to be selected from upper division courses in business, computer science, engineering, mathematics, or physics.
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
William R. Simmons, Coordinator
Admission to this program must be approved by the department at the Boulder campus.
The engineering physics curriculum gives students a thorough foundation in the physical principles underlying most of engineering. The large number of engineering electives which may be incorporated in the curriculum makes it possible for students to prepare themselves for professional work or graduate school in a wide variety of fields. Because the program is particularly flexible, students should be aware that proper preparation for their professional field will require careful selection of engineering electives.


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 77
Students are urged to prepare, in consultation with the departmental coordinator, a coherent plan of courses to meet their professional objectives.
During the freshman and sophomore years, the student must attain a thorough training in mathematics and a grounding in fundamental methods and principles of the physical sciences.
During the junior and senior years the work in physics is amplified to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the various branches of physics such as nuclear physics, atomic physics, electronics, thermodynamics, mechanics, electricity, and magnetism. Individual initiative and resourcefulness are stressed. For purposes of Federal Civil Service requirements this degree is an engineering degree from an accredited College of Engineering. Students who plan to become registered professional engineers should check the requirements for registration in their state before choosing their engineering electives.
It is recommended that students preparing for Graduate School also prepare for its foreign language requirement as part of their undergraduate curriculum.
In order to earn a bachelor’s degree in engineering physics from the Department of Physics (UCB), a student must, in addition to any other requirements, successfully complete 30 semester hours of courses on the Boulder campus, including 12 semester hours in upper division physics courses.
Applied Physics Option
It is also possible to earn the degree of Bachelor of Science (Engineering Physics) with an applied physics option. This option differs from the regular engineering physics degree primarily in that fewer advanced theoretical physics courses are required and in their place a selection of applied science courses is required. This option should not be selected by students intending to pursue graduate study in physics, but it is appropriate for students intending to pursue graduate work or employment in related fields such as geophysics, environmental science, oceanography, nuclear engineering, medicine, and law. Students intending to pursue this option should consult the coordinator by the beginning of their junior year regarding the electives which they wish to propose. The 24 hours of electives in pure or applied natural science must be approved by the engineering physics advising committee, which is located on the Boulder campus. The committee will consider the proposed courses relative to the student’s stated educational and/or professional objectives. At least 30 semester hours of credit must be earned after the student's proposed program is approved
Curriculum for B.S. (Engineering Physics)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I ..................... 4
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing .................................. 2
Socio-humanistic electives (see note 1).......................... 6
C.S. 141. Fundamentals of Computing.............................. 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II...................... 4
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)............................. 3
Phys. 231. General Physics......................................... 4
Phys. 232. Experimental Physics ................................... 1
Chem. 103. General Chemistry ...................................... 5
Total 17
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III....................... 4
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1).............................. 3
Phys. 233. General Physics............................................ 4
Phys. 234. Experimental Physics ...................................... 1
Chem. 106. General Chemistry.......................................... 5
Total 17
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra_____ 4
Electives (see note 2).................................;............ 6
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)................................ 3
Phys. 281. Introductory Modem Physics ................................ 3
Total 16
Junior Year (see note 7)
Fall Semester
Upper division mathematics elective.................................. 3
Phys. 317. junior Lab. (see note 6) ................................ 2
Phys. 321. Analytical Mechanics ..................................... 4
Phys. 331. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism.................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1).................................3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Phys. 318. Junior Lab. (see note 6)................................. 2
Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics ........................................ 3
Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism .................. 3
Phys. 341. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics ................. 3
Electives (see note 2)............................................... 5
Total 16
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 403. Electronics (see note 4).....
E.E. 443. Electronics Lab. (see note 4) ...
Phys. 491. Atomic and Nuclear Physics ..
Phys. 495. Senior Lab..................
Electives (see note 2).................
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)_
Total
Spring Semester
Phys. 492. Atomic and Nuclear Physics ..
Phys. 496. Senior Lab. (see notes 3 and 6)
Electives (see note 2).................
Total
Curriculum for B.S. (E. Physics) —
Applied Physics Option
The first five semesters are identical to the regular engineering physics curriculum listed above. The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128.
2
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78 / University of Colorado at Denver
Junior Year (see note 7)
Spring Semester Semester Hours
Phys. 322. Classical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics................ 3
Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism ................... 3
Upper division thermodynamics elective ............................... 3
Electives (see note 5)................................................ 7
Total 16
Senior Year Fall Semester
E.E. 403. Elements of Electronics (see note 4) ..................... 2
E.E. 443. Elements of Electronics Laboratory (see note 4) ............ 1
Electives (see note 5)............................................... 13
Total 16
Spring Semester
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1)................................ 3
Electives (see note 5)............................................... 13
Total 16
Notes for B.S. (Engineering Physics)
1. A total of 21 hours of socio-humanistic electives is required. These must include 6 hours of literature and 6 hours selected from economics, sociology, political science, history, and anthropology. The other 9 hours must be selected from the above subjects and/or fine arts and music (critical or historical only), philosophy, and psychology. (However, up to 3 hours of the 9 may include courses from English composition, technical writing, public speaking, and a foreign language.)
2. Required and elective engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) must total 22 semester hours.
3. Or Phys. 455, or approved 3-hour physics elective.
4. E.E. 403 and 453 are offered only at the Boulder campus. CU-Denver students may substitute E.E. 321 and 361 if they have taken the prerequisites E.E. 213, 214, 253, and 254.
5. The elective courses are divided into three exclusive groups: (1) Physics electives. These must be five hours from among Phys. 318, 341, 446, 451, 455, 461, 462,491,492, 495,496, 500, 501, 503, 504 and 585 — Boulder campus course numbers. (2) Applied natural science electives (24 semester hours minimum). These must include 4 hours of upper division laboratory courses and sufficient engineering courses so that the total of engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) is at least 22 semester hours. (3) Other courses.
6. See the E.Phys. coordinator.
7. Beginning with the junior year, students should coordinate their program with an engineering physics adviser at the Boulder campus.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
R. Wayne Adkins, Acting Chairman
The mechanical engineering curriculum begins with a strong emphasis on mathematics, physics, and chemistry. It continues with a concentration in engineering sciences such as solid and fluid mechanics; thermodynamics, heat and mass transport; materials; and systems analysis and control. It concludes with laboratory and design courses which demonstrate the ways in which scientific knowledge is applied in the design and development of useful devices and processes.
The mechanical engineering program may be roughly subdivided into two-year groupings. In the first two years, the program emphasizes the fundamentals of those engineering sciences
that are essential for an understanding of most branches of professional engineering. In the last two years of the program, the department provides technical electives for professional concentrations in the following areas:
Thermodynamics Heat transfer Fluid mechanics Solid mechanics Electromechanical systems
Design
Power
Dynamics and controls Materials science Thermomechanical systems
All of the required courses for mechanical engineering are offered at CU-Denver. To be awarded the B.S. (M.E.) a student must achieve and maintain at least a 2.0 in all M.E. courses.
Curriculum for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering)
The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is:
Freshman Year
Fall Semester Semester Hours
Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I........................ 4
M.E. 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering .................. 2
Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing ...................................... 2
E.E./C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing............................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) .............................. 3
Total 14
Spring Semester
Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II......................... 4
Phys. 231. General Physics I......................................... 4
Phys. 232. General Physics Lab I..................................... 1
Ch.E. 210. Physical/Chemical Properties of Matter
(see note 1).................................................... 4
Literature elective ................................................. 3
Total 16
Sophomore Year Fall Semester
Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III ................... 4
Phys. 233. General Physics II..................................... 4
Phys. 234. General Physics Lab II................................ 1
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) .......................... 3
M.E. 281. Mechanics I (see note 3)................................ 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and
Linear Algebra............................................... 4
M.E. 282. Mechanics II (see note 3)............................... 3
E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I...................................... 4
Engr. 301. Thermodynamics ........................................ 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) ........................... 3
Total 17
Junior Year Fall Semester
M.E. 301. Introduction to Materials Science I................... 3
M.E. 312. Thermodynamics 11...................................... 3
M.E. 314. Measurements 1......................................... 2
M.E. 371. Systems Analysis I..................................... 3
M.E. 384. Mechanics IV — Solid.................................. 3
M.E. 385. MecJtanics V — Fluid................................... 3
Total 17


College of Engineering and Applied Science / 79
Spring Semester
M.E. 316. Measurements II ...................................... 2
M.E. 362. Heat Transfer........................................... 3
M.E. 372. Systems Analysis II..................................... 3
M.E. 386. Mechanics VI — Continuim ............................. 3
Technical elective (see note 4)................................... 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) ........................... 3
Total 17
Senior Year Fall Semester
M.E. 401. Mechanical Behavior of Materials......................... 3
M.E. 414. Mechanical Engineering Design I ......................... 3
M.E. 442. Mechanical Engineering Lab................................ 3
M.E. Design elective (see note 4) ................................. 3
Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) ............................. 3
Total 15
Spring Semester
M.E. 416. Mechanical Engineering Design II.......................... 3
M.E. Engineering science electives (see note 4) .................... 7
M.E. Design elective (see note 4) ................................... 4
Technical elective (see note 4)...................................... 3
Total 17
Notes for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering)
1. Chem. 103 or Chem. 113 may be substituted.
2. For information concerning socio-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin.
3. M.E. 281 and M.E. 282 are offered only on the Boulder campus. CU-Denver students may substitute C.E. 212 and C.E. 311 for M.E. 281 and M.E. 282.
4. A list of electives is available in the department office. All electives should be coordinated through an adviser.


David W. Greenfield, Dean
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL
The Graduate School is a University-wide body which authorizes programs within its constituent colleges and schools. At CU-Denver, Business and Administration (except the MBA Executive program), Education, Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music are colleges or schools whose graduate programs are offered through The Graduate School. In concept, there is a single Graduate School regardless of campus. In practice, most mas-ter’s-level programs are specific to the campus where the student is admitted, insofar as particular options and advisers are concerned.
Doctoral-level programs in a discipline are viewed as the responsibility of the entire University community of that discipline. At the present time all Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the corresponding Boulder department; however, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver and the research adviser may be a member of the CU-Denver faculty. Some departments in which this is the case are communication, theatre, electrical engineering, and civil engineering. In other disciplines, a significant portion of the course work required for the Ph.D. degree may be taken at CU-Denver. Persons interested in pursuing doctoral-level work should consult with the appropriate discipline graduate adviser.
Anyone wishing further information not given in this bulletin should write to the Dean of The Graduate School, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
Degrees Offered
The following graduate programs are authorized for completion through The Graduate School at CU-Denver. In some cases, a specific required course may only be offered through the University of Colorado at Boulder in a given year.
The Master of Arts (M.A.) in:
Anthropology History
Biology Mathematics
Communication Political science
Economics Psychology
English Sociology
Geography Theatre
The Master of Education (M.Ed.) and the Master of Arts (M.A.) in:
Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations, education Guidance and counseling Initial Certification Program
(certification only or certification and M.A. in elementary or secondary education)
Library media Reading
Secondary education Special education
The Master of Science (M.S.) in:
Accounting Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Computer science Electrical engineering Environmental science
Finance
Health administration Management and organization Management science Marketing
Mechanical engineering Tehnical communications
The Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.)
The Master of Engineering (M.E.)
The Master of Humanities (M.H.)
The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.)
Significant course work can be taken at the Denver campus in the following master’s degree programs:
Education-administration and supervision
Fine arts
Geology
journalism
Philosophy
The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in: Biology
Communication
English
Significant course work is available at the Denver campus in the programs listed below. Students can be resident on the Denver campus studying in these areas in order to take advantage of the multi-campus activities of The Graduate School. It is usually advised that a student complete some course work at another campus of the University.


The Graduate School / 81
Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Computer science
Electrical engineering Geography
Mechanical engineering Psychology
The Graduate Student at CU-Denver
An average of 2,304 students are enrolled in graduate programs at CU-Denver each fall and spring semester, and an additional 1,921 non-degree students take graduate courses. Of these, approximately 54 percent are part-time students.
Faculty
The faculty teaching in these programs are headquartered at CU-Denver, although resources of other University of Colorado campuses are used.
Computing Services
The Computing Services department supports computer use by both the academic and administrative communities at CU-Denver. For a complete description of services offered see Special Programs and Facilities in the General Information section of this bulletin.
Financial Aid for Graduate Study
SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS
The University of Colorado administers various forms of financial aid for graduate students: fellowships, scholarships, and a number of awards from outside agencies.
The Graduate School offers two types of assistance: Colorado Doctoral Fellowships and Colorado Graduate Grants.
Special fellowships and scholarships also are available for study in certain departments. Colorado Graduate Grants are available to students who are residents of the State of Colorado and can show demonstrated need. For details contact the Graduate School office.
Applications for fellowships, scholarships, and grants are due in the department before the announced department deadline. Fellowship awards are announced about March 15; Colorado Graduate Grant awards are announced each semester for the following semester.
GRADUATE STUDENT TEACHING APPOINTMENTS
Many departments employ graduate students as part-time instructors or teaching assistants. The instructorship is reserved for those advanced graduate students already possessing an appropriate M.A. degree who may be independently responsible for the conduct of a section or course. Payment for these teaching appointments in 1984-85 was: one-half time instructor, $8,320 for the academic year; one-half time teaching assistant, $6,656 for the academic year.
A half-time appointment for an instructor is considered to be equal to 6 class contact hours; a half-time teaching assistant is appointed for 20 hours per week. Compensation is based on the number of appointment hours per week. Nonresident students employed as assistants may or may not be eligible for the nonresident tuition differential stipend for their first-year appointment as an assistant only. Exceptions extending beyond the first year must be approved in advance by the respective dean. Teaching
assistants and instructors must be enrolled students in good standing for the full period of their appointment.
RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS
Research activities provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain part-time work as research assistants in many departments. Nonresident students who are appointed as research assistants in nongeneral fund accounts may or may not be eligible for resident tuition rates. Assistants must be enrolled students.
LOAN FUNDS
Graduate students wishing to apply for long-term loans through the National Direct Student Loan Program and for part-time jobs through the college work-study program should submit an Application for Financial Aid to the Office of Financial Aid by March 1. This office also provides short-term loan assistance to students who have completed one or more semesters in residence. Short-term loans are designed to supplement inadequate personal funds and to provide for emergencies. Applicants should go directly to the Office of Financial Aid.
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
The University maintains an employment service in the Office of Financial Aid to help students obtain part-time work either through conventional employment or through the college work-study program.
Students employed by the University are hired solely on the basis of merit and fitness, a policy which avoids favor or discrimination because of race, color, creed, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. Students are also referred to prospective employers in accordance with this policy.
INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION
The Office of International Education expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships.
The office also arranges study abroad programs. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign universities. A B average with the equivalent of two years of college-level work in the appropriate language is required. There are also occasional summer programs offering academic credit.
Peace Corps information may be obtained from the Office of International Education.
For additional information contact the Office of International Education, Boulder campus, 492-7741.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION General Requirements
Students may be admitted to The Graduate School in either of the two categories described below.


82 / University of Colorado at Denver
Admission to The Graduate School is not admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. A student who wishes to become a candidate for a degree must make special application at the time and in the manner prescribed by the requirements for the degree sought.
The University reserves the right to deny admission to applicants whose total credentials reflect an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University and relevant to any of its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution.
REGULAR DEGREE STUDENTS
Qualified students are admitted to regular degree status by the appropriate department. In addition to departmental approval, an applicant for admission as a regular degree student must:
1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or university of recognized standing, or have done work equivalent to that required for such a degree and equivalent to the degree given at this University.
2. Show promise of ability to pursue advanced study and research, as judged by his or her previous scholastic record.
3. Have had adequate preparation to enter upon graduate study in the field chosen.
4. Have at least a 2.75 undergraduate grade-point average on all work taken.
5. Meet additional requirements for admission as established by major departments.
Regular degree students must maintain at least a 3.0 grade-point average each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether it is to be applied toward the intended advanced degree or not. Students who fail to maintain this standard of performance will be subject to suspension from The Graduate School.
Pass/Fail Grades. In order to permit a meaningful evaluation of an applicant’s scholastic record, not more than 10 percent of those credit hours that are relevant to the intended field of graduate study shall have been earned with pass/fail grades, nor more than 20 percent overall. Applicants whose academic record contains a larger percentage of pass/fail credits must submit suitable additional evidence that they possess the required scholastic ability. If the applicant does not submit satisfactory additional evidence, he or she can be admitted only as a provisional student.
PROVISIONAL DEGREE STUDENTS
Applicants who do not meet the requirements for admission as regular degree students may be admitted as provisional degree students upon the recommendation of the major department. With the concurrence of the dean of The Graduate School, a department may admit provisional students for a probationary term, which may not normally exceed one academic year. At the end of the probationary period, provisional degree students must either be admitted to regular degree status or be dropped from the graduate program.
Credit earned by persons in provisional degree status may count toward a degree at this University.
Provisional degree students are required to maintain a 3.0 grade-point average or higher, according to the terms of their provisional admission, each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether or not it is to be applied toward the advanced degree sought. Students who fail to maintain such a standard of
performance, will be subject to suspension from The Graduate School.
Note: All provisional applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination and submit scores as part of the application.
SENIORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO
A senior in this University who has satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who needs not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet the requirements for a bachelor’s degree, may be admitted to The Graduate School by special permission of the dean.
A University of Colorado senior enrolled in the College of Engineering and Applied Science who needs not more than 18 semester hours or 36 credit points to meet the requirements for a bachelor’s degree may be admitted to The Graduate School, but is not eligible for financial aid, scholarships, or fellowships as a graduate student until the equivalent of the minimum requirements for the bachelor’s degree have been satisfied.
Application Procedures
Graduate students who expect to study at CU-Denver should contact the CU-Denver Graduate School office concerning procedures for forwarding completed applications.
An applicant for admission must present a completed Application Form (Parts 1 and II), which may be obtained from the CU-Denver Graduate School office, and two official transcripts from each university attended. The application must be accompanied by a nonrefundable application fee of $20 (check or money order) when the application is submitted. No application will be processed unless this fee is paid. Many departments require scores from the Graduate Record Examination, and most departments require three or four letters of recommendation.
When a prospective degree student applies for admission, the chairperson of each department or a committee named for the purpose shall decide whether the applicant shall be admitted and shall make that decision known to the Office of Admissions and Records, which will inform the student. Persons not wishing to work toward an advanced degree are referred to as non-degree students (below).
A completed application must be in the office of the major department at least 90 days prior to the term for which admission is sought or earlier as may be required by the major department.
Students who wish to apply for a graduate student award for the academic year 1985-86, e.g., fellowship, scholarship, assistantship, etc., must file a completed application with the department before the announced departmental deadline (see previous section on financial aid).
READMISSION OF FORMER AND SUSPENDED STUDENTS
Students who were previously admitted to a graduate degree program but who did not complete that degree and who have not been continuously registered at the University must:
1. Clarify their status with the department to determine their eligibility to return and pursue the same degree.
2. After receiving departmental approval, as indicated above, submit a former student application to the Office of Admissions before deadlines are passed for the term in which they expect to return to the University. Application deadlines are available from the department.


The Graduate School / 83
In some instances, students who have left the degree program to which they were formerly admitted must submit a new graduate application form and be reconsidered for admission by the department concerned.
Former students who wish to change from undergraduate to graduate status or from one major to another must complete the apropriate forms at the time they apply for readmission.
Students transferring from one campus to another must apply and be accepted to the new campus.
A student admitted to The Graduate School for the master’s program must reapply for admission for the doctoral program.
A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student’s major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee.
FOREIGN APPLICANTS
Prospective foreign students should have completed applications on file in The Graduate School office prior to March 15 for summer and fall and August 1 for the spring semester. Application packet should include $50 fee, TOEFL scores, financial documentation, official English translation of all school records, and other documents as noted in the previous section on Application Procedures.
GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS
At the option of any department, the Graduate Record Examination may be required of applicants for assistantships, or of any student before his or her status is determined.
Students who are applying for the fall semester take the GRE no later than the December testing date so that their scores will be available to the graduate awards selection committee. Four to six weeks should be allowed for GRE scores to be received by an institution.
Information regarding these examinations may be obtained from The Graduate School office or the CU-Denver Testing Center, or from The Educational Testing Service, Box 1502, Berkeley, California 94701, or Box 955, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.
OTHER GRADUATE QUALIFYING EXAMINATIONS
Students entering professional schools and special programs may obtain information at the Student Testing Center on the following examinations: Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT), Miller Analogies Test (MAT), Dopplet, and Law School Admissions Test (LSAT).
NON-DEGREE STUDENTS
A student not wishing to earn an advanced degree from the University of Colorado should apply to the Office of Admissions and Records, CU-Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202. Non-degree students will be allowed to register only on the campus to which they have been admitted.
Non-degree students desiring to pursue a graduate degree program at this University are encouraged to submit the complete graduate application and supporting credentials as soon as possible.
A department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of as much as 8 hours of credit toward the requirements of a master’s degree for courses taken either as a student at another recognized graduate school, as a non-degree student at the University, or both. In addition, the department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of credit for courses taken as a non-degree student at this University during the term for which the student applied for admission to The Graduate School, provided such admission date was delayed through no fault of the student. A grade of B or better must be obtained in any course work transferred in this manner.
REGISTRATION
Course Work and Examinations
On the regular registration days of each semester, students who have been admitted to The Graduate School and who expect to study in The Graduate School are required to complete appropriate registration procedures.
Students should register for classes the semester they are accepted into Graduate School. If unable to attend that semester they must notify the department which has accepted them and submit the necessary forms to the Office of Admissions and Records at CU-Denver in order to attend the following semester.
Changes in Registration
A student who wishes to drop a course or take it for no credit should follow the drop/add standard procedure (see current Schedule of Courses). After the tenth week of classes a graduate student may not drop, add, or change a course to no credit without presenting a letter to the dean of The Graduate School, CU-Denver, stating the exceptional circumstances which justify the change. This letter, endorsed by the instructor of the course, must accompany the properly signed and completed drop/add card or no-credit option form.
Withdrawal
A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the University must apply to the dean of The Graduate School for permission to withdraw in good standing. A student who discontinues attendance in a course without official withdrawal will be marked as having failed the course.
Master's Thesis or Report
Graduate students working toward master’s degrees, if they expect to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.)


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Limitation of Registration FULL LOAD
A graduate student will be considered to be carrying a full load during a regular semester for purposes of determining residence credit if the student is registered for not fewer than 5 semester hours in work numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours in a combination of undergraduate/graduate/professional courses work acceptable for graduate credit, or any number of thesis hours.
A maximum of two-thirds of a semester of resident credit may be earned during the summer if a student registers for three semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, 5 semester hours of other graduate work, or any number of thesis hours.
For the number of hours required for financial aid see Financial Aid at the University of Colorado at Denver in the General Information section of this bulletin. A graduate student may contact the dean’s office for information on the appeal process regarding the full load requirement for financial aid purposes.
MAXIMUM LOAD
No graduate student may receive credit toward a degree for more than 15 hours in a regular semester.
The maximum number of graduate credits that may be applied toward a degree during a summer term at CU-Denver is 10 hours per 10-week summer term. A graduate student may contact the dean’s office for information on the appeal process regarding an overload.
UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEES
Full-time employees of the University may not undertake more than 6 credit hours per semester. Part-time employees, including assistants, may take such work as is approved by the major department.
TUITION AND FEES
The schedule of tuition and fees is given in the General Information section of this bulletin.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED DEGREES Quality of Graduate Work
Although the work for advance degrees is specified partly in terms of credit hours, an advanced degree will not be conferred merely for the completion of a specified period of residence and the passing of a given number of courses. Students should not expect to obtain all the training, knowledge, and grasp of ideas necessary to meet the requirements for an advanced degree from formal courses. They should work on their own initiative, reading widely and thoughtfully, reaching their own conclusions, and acquiring a sense of values, perspective, proportion.
All studies offered for credit toward an advanced degree (except those in deficiencies) must be of graduate status.
A student is expected to maintain at least a B average in all work attempted while enrolled in The Graduate School.
For the Ph.D., a course mark below B is unsatisfactory and will not be counted toward fulfilling the minimum requirements for the degree.
A student who fails to do satisfactory work will be subject to suspension from The Graduate School by the dean with the approval of the major department.
Appeal may be made to the Executive Committee of The Graduate School. The committee’s decision shall be final. A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student’s major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee.
Grading System
The standing of a student in work intended for an advanced degree is to be indicated by the marks A, B, and C.
A — Superior, 4 credits points for each credit hour.
B — Good, 3 credit points for each credit hour.
C — Fair, 2 credit points for each credit hour.
Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. Marks below B are not accepted for the doctoral degree.
An IF or an IW grade may be given for incomplete work at the discretion of the instructor. For details, refer to the discussion of the uniform grading system. The grade of IP (in progress) will be given for continuing thesis work and will be valid until the thesis is completed.
Graduate students may register for undergraduate courses on a pass/fail basis; however, graduate credit will not be awarded, and such courses cannot be applied toward a graduate degree.
Repeating a Course
A graduate student who receives a grade of C, D, or F in a course may repeat the course once, upon written recommendation to the dean by the chairman of the student’s advisory committee and major department, provided the course has not previously been applied toward a degree.
In calculating a student’s grade-point average for Graduate School purposes, the grade for a repeated course will substitute for the old grade. Grades earned in courses taken as an undergraduate or as a non-degree student, as well as grades earned in first and second year foreign language courses, will not be used in calculating The Graduate School grade-point average; however, all grades received will appear on the student’s transcript.
Change of Department or Major
A graduate student wishing to change department or major must submit a new Part I and Part II of the graduate application to the new department or school and request the former department to forward recommendations and credentials.
Use of English
A student who is noticeably deficient in the use and spelling of the English language may not obtain an advanced degree from the University of Colorado. The satisfaction of this requirement


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depends not so much upon the ability to pass formal tests, although these may be demanded, as it does upon the habitual use of good English in all oral and written work. Ability to use the language with precision and distinction should be cultivated as an attainment of major importance.
Each department will judge the qualifications of its advanced students in the use of English. Reports, examinations, and speech will be considered in estimating the candidate’s proficiency.
MASTER'S DEGREE
A student regularly admitted to The Graduate School and later accepted as a candidate for the degree Master of Arts, Master of Science, or other master’s degree will be recommended for the degree only after the following requirements have been met.
In general, only graduates of an approved institution who have a thorough preparation for their proposed field of study and who do graduate work of high quality are able to attain the degree with the minimum amount of work specified below. All studies offered toward the minimum requirement for the degree must be of graduate rank. Necessary additional work required to make up deficiencies or prerequisites may be partly or entirely undergraduate courses.
The requirements stated below are minimum requirements; additional conditions set by the department will be found in the announcements of separate departments. Any department may make further regulations not inconsistent with the general rules.
Students planning to graduate should ascertain current deadlines of The Graduate School. It is the graduate student’s and the department’s responsibility to see that all requirements and deadlines are met (i.e., changing of IW grades, notifying The Graduate School of final examinations, etc.).
Departments or program committees may have additional deadlines which must be met by graduate students in that department or program. It is the student’s responsibility to ascertain such requirements and to meet them as designated by the department or program chairman.
Minimum Requirement
The minimum requirement of graduate work for the degree Master of Arts or Master of Science may be fulfilled by following either Plan I or Plan II below.
Plan I: By presenting 24 semester hours of graduate work, including a thesis. At least 12 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.
Plan II: By presenting 30 semester hours of graduate work, without a thesis. At least 16 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above.
Plan II does not represent a free option for the student. A candidate for the master’s degree may be allowed to select Plan 11 only on the recommendation of the department concerned.
Graduate Credit
Graduate credit is given for courses that are listed at the 500 level or above and that are offered by those colleges or schools that are members of The Graduate School, or which have otherwise been approved by the dean of The Graduate School. No assurance can be given that work taken by a student will count toward a higher degree unless the student has the approval of the department.
Not all courses listed are available at any one time; some of them are given in alternate years.
Courses taken during the Fall Semester 1975 and thereafter will have graduate rank if they are taught by members of The Graduate School faculty and are in one of the following two categories:
1. Courses within the major department at the 500 level or above.
2. Courses outside the major department at any level, provided they are approved for graduate rank for a specific degree plan by the faculty of the degree-granting program.
This does not change the minimum number of courses that must be taken at the 500 level or above; however, as a result, most students who include 400-level courses of other departments in their program will not exceed those minimum requirements for graduation.
Field of Study
Studies leading to a master’s degree may be divided between major and minor subjects at the discretion of the faculty of the degree-granting program.
Status
After students have made a satisfactory record in this University for at least one semester or summer term and after they have removed any deficiencies that were determined at the time of admission or by qualifying examinations or otherwise, they should confer with their major department and request that a decision be made on their status. This definite status must be set by the major department before students may make application for admission to candidacy for an advanced degree.
Students who are inadequately prepared must make up without credit toward a graduate degree all prerequisites required by the department concerned.
Language Requirements
Candidates must have such knowledge of ancient and modem languages as each department requires. See special departmental requirements.
Credit by Transfer
Resident graduate work of high quality done in a recognized graduate school elsewhere and coming within the time limit may be accepted up to a limited amount, provided it is recommended by the department concerned and approved by the dean of The Graduate School.
All work accepted by transfer must come within the 5-year time limit or be validated by special examination.
The maximum amount of work that may be transferred to this University is 8 semester hours.
Credit will not be transferred until the student has established in The Graduate School of this University a satisfactory record of at least one semester in residence; such transfer will not reduce the residence requirement at this University, but it may reduce the amount of work to be done in formal courses. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to The Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated.
Work already applied toward a master’s degree received from another institution cannot be accepted for transfer toward the


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master’s degree at the University of Colorado; extension work completed at another institution cannot be transferred; and correspondence work, except to make up deficiencies, is not recognized.
Excess undergraduate credits from another institution may not be transferred to The Graduate School. Seniors in this University may, however, transfer a limited amount of advanced resident work (up to 8 semester hours) provided such work:
1. Is completed with distinction in the senior year at this University.
2. Comes within the five-year time limit.
3. Has not been applied toward another degree.
4. Is recommended for transfer by the department concerned and approved by the dean of The Graduate School.
Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to The Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be graduated. For more information contact The Graduate School office. To be eligible for courses to be considered for transfer, a student must have an overall B average in all courses taken at the University of Colorado in The Graduate School.
Continuing Education Course Work
Students may use the resources of the Division of Continuing Education in the pursuit of graduate study only if they obtain proper academic approval from the major department and the graduate dean in advance.
Residence
In general, the residence requirements can be met only by residence at this University for at least two semesters or at least three summer terms. For full residence a student must be registered within the time designated at the beginning of a semester and must carry the equivalent of not fewer than 5 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or at least a combination of other course work acceptable for graduate credit. See Limitation of Registration, Full Load, for requirements for full residence credit during the summer. A student who is noticeably deficient in his/her general training, or in the specific preparation indicated by each department as prerequisite to graduate work, cannot expect to obtain a degree in the minimum time specified.
Assistants and other employees of the University may fulfill the residence requirements of one year in two semesters, provided their duties do not require more than half time. Full-time employees may not satisfy the residence requirements of one year in fewer that four semesters.
Admission to Candidacy
A student who wishes to become a candidate for a master’s degree must file application in the dean’s office not later than 10 weeks prior to the completion of the comprehensive final examination. The number of hours to be presented for the degree must be determined before this application may be filed. See previous section on Status.
This application must be made on forms obtainable at the dean’s office and in various departments and must be signed by the major department, certifying that the student’s work is satisfactory and that the program outlined in the application meets the requirements set for the student.
A student on Graduate School probation is not eligible to be awarded a degree until he or she is removed from probation.
Thesis Requirements
A thesis, which may be of a research, expository, critical, or creative type, is required of every master’s degree candidate under Plan I. Every thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree must:
1. Deal with a definite topic related to the major field.
2. Be based upon independent study and investigation.
3. Represent the equivalent of from 4 to 6 semester hours of work.
4. Receive the approval of the major department not later than 30 days (in some departments, 90 days) before the commencement at which the degree is to be conferred.
5. Be essentially complete at the time the comprehensive final examination is given.
6. Comply in mechanical features with specifications obtainable from The Graduate School.
Two weeks prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred, two formally approved, printed or typewritten copies of the thesis must be filed in The Graduate School. The thesis must be complete with abstract.
All theses must be signed by the thesis adviser and the second reader. All approved theses are kept on file in the library. The thesis binding fee must be paid at the Finance Office on the Denver campus when the thesis is deposited in The Graduate School.
Credit hours earned for the thesis will not be accepted toward the requirements for a degree unless such credit has previously been registered. A student working toward a master’s degree must register for thesis for a specific number of hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total registered credit for thesis must total a minimum of 4 or a maximum of 6 semester hours, the total number of hours depending upon how much credit is to be given for the thesis.
The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. An IP (in progress) will be reported for terms during which the student is registered for thesis prior to completion of the thesis.
Comprehensive Final Examinations
Each candidate for a master’s degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been completed. This examination may be given near the end of the candidate’s last semester of residence while he/she is still taking required courses for the degree, provided he/she is making satisfactory progress in those courses.
The following rules applying to the comprehensive final examination must be observed:
1. A student must be registered when he or she takes the examination.
2. Notice of the examination must be filed by the major department in the dean’s office at least three days in advance of the examination.
3. The examination is to be given by a committee of three graduate faculty members appointed by the department concerned in consultation with the dean.


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4. The examination, which may be oral or written, or both, must cover the thesis, which should be essentially complete at the time, as well as other work done in the University in formal courses and seminars in the major field.
5. An examination in the minor work taken at this University is optional with the major and minor departments.
6. The examination must include all work presented for the degree not done in residence at the University of Colorado, whether in the major or minor field. The examination on transferred work will be given by representatives of the corresponding fields of study in this University.
7. A student who fails the comprehensive final examination may not attempt the examination again until at least three months have elapsed and until such work as may be prescribed by the examining committee has been completed. The student may retake the examination only once.
Master's Thesis or Report Credit
Every graduate student working toward a master’s degree who expects to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed. If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (IP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted).
Supplemental Examinations
Supplemental examinations should be simply an extension of the original examination and given immediately. If the student fails the supplemental examination, three months must elapse before he or she may attempt the comprehensive examination again.
Course Examinations
The regular written examinations of each semester except the last must be taken. Course examinations of the last semester, which come after the comprehensive final examination has been passed, may be omitted with the consent of the instructor.
Time Limit
All work, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years or six successive summers. Work done earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Candidates for the master’s degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity.
Deadlines for Master's Degree Candidates Expecting to Graduate During 1985-86
Deadline dates for the following can be obtained by calling The Graduate School office, 556-2663.
1. Last day for requesting transfer of credit.
2. Applications for admission to candidacy. Applications must be submitted at least 10 weeks before the student expects to take
the comprehensive final examination. Students are urged to submit this form by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which they expect to receive the degree. (The form may be picked up in the department or in The Graduate School office.)
3. Last day for thesis to be approved by department.
4. Last day for scheduling ofcomprehensive final examination.
5. Last day for taking comprehensive final examination.
6. Last day for filing thesis in The Graduate School. At the time of filing, the thesis must be complete in all respects and must meet thesis specifications in order to be accepted by The Graduate School. Candidates whose theses are received after 5 p.m. on the indicated date will be graduated at the commencement following that for which the deadline is indicated.
Doctor of Philosophy
Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog.
Graduate Programs
ACCOUNTING
Refer to The Graduate School of Business Administration section of this bulletin.
ANTHROPOLOGY
The unique intellectual challenge of anthropology is to integrate knowledge from many disciplines for a global understanding of cultures in the past and the present. Individual courses in biological and cultural anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics cut across lines between the humanities, social, and natural sciences. Because of this integrative perspective on the human condition and the training provided in objectively assessing cultural patterning and social interaction, an anthropology M.A. provides a versatile base for career development and avocational pursuit.
The M.A. program at CU-Denver affords training in the traditional subfields of biological and cultural anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics along with the opportunity to specialize in two interdisciplinary, applied programs — medical anthropology, and community and urban anthropology. An internship is required within the applied programs and is an option within the traditional programs. Archaeology training is offered although not as a formal program. It is possible to specialize in this field by supplementing CU-Denver’s course offerings with independent research and field training elsewhere.
Applied Programs. Medical anthropology emphasizes the importance of biological and cultural factors in the determination of health and sickness. The approach is biocultural, integrating knowledge from the health sciences and the social sciences concerning causes of sickness and sources of treatment for restoring health. Courses in the department are complemented by electives in other departments (biology, psychology, sociology) and programs on this campus (health administration, education, design and planning) and at the CU-Health Sciences Center (Schools of Medicine and Nursing).
Community and urban anthropology offers training toward the application of anthropological concepts and methods of analyses


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of community or neighborhood culture, social organization, environment and their interrelations. An emphasis is placed on the relevance of such applications for community action, problemsolving, and planning and policy decisions. The CU-Denver sociology department is closely allied with the anthropology department through a common chairperson. Internships are jointly administered, and curricula in urban anthropology and sociology are integrated.
Requirements for Admission
Application is open to holders of a B.A., B.S., or higher degree in any field. Acceptance is competitive. It is based on an undergraduate record of good quality (2.75 or better grade-point average for all undergraduate studies), prior training in anthropology (18 semester hours minimum), GRE verbal and quantitative scores, 3 letters of recommendation, and the applicant’s purpose in pursuing the degree. Two copies of transcripts from all undergraduate institutions attended are also required. A student without prior anthropology training may be admitted to the program but may be required to make up the deficiencies without graduate credit or may choose to gain the necessary background as a nondegree student before beginning the graduate program. With this flexibility in mind, applications are welcome from individuals pursuing particular interests and careers, especially in fields pertaining to the medical anthropology and community and urban anthropology areas. Departmental deadlines for receipt of all application materials is April 15 for fall entrance and October 15 for spring admission.
Plan of Study
Students are required to take 30 semester hours of graduate study to complete the M.A. degree. All course work in anthropology must be at the 500 level or above. Students pursuing training in the traditional subfields may elect to write either a thesis and allocate 6 of the required 30 hours to the thesis project or a master's paper, more limited in scope than a thesis, in conjunction with 6 hours of the required course work.
For the applied programs, the required 30 semester hours’ course of study consists of:
6 hours of theory courses
9 hours of methods courses
6 hours of internship practicum
9 hours of electives in anthropology or allied fields
In lieu of a thesis, an internship research report is included within the 6 internship hours. The student is responsible for assisting faculty in arranging an appropriate internship.
All students are required to pass a 4-hour comprehensive exam taken ordinarily in the fourth semester and no later than the fifth semester after admission. A minimum of two full semesters devoted to advanced study is required by the Graduate School; no more than three years for attaining the M.A. degree is strongly encouraged. Ordinarily, two years of full-time participation are required to complete the M.A. degree.
Further information concerning admission, programs for study, or other items of interest may be obtained by writing the Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202. For general Graduate School requirements and application information, see beginning of Graduate School section of this bulletin.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
See Mathematics Program.
BASIC SCIENCE, MASTER OF
Charles G. Schmidt, Coordinator for CU-Denver
The program leading to the Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.) degree is interdisciplinary. It provides an opportunity for present and prospective mathematics and science professionals and others to extend and/or broaden their training in computer science, mathematics, museology, and the natural and physical sciences at advanced undergraduate and graduate levels. These professionals include public school teachers, industrial scientists, engineers, business persons, and others. The student may elect the mathematics, science, or museology options as described below. Wide latitude is possible in the details of a degree plan so that students may follow a course of study most pertinent to their interests. The degree plan will be designed in conjunction with the student’s adviser and must be approved by the executive committee.
All courses credited toward the degree must be taken through the University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado Springs, or Denver, over a period of five years or six successive summers.
The Master of Basic Science degree is supervised by an administrative committee appointed by the dean of The Graduate School, and administered by an Executive Committee elected from the Administrative Committee. Application should be made to Master of Basic Science, Attn. College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Charles Schmidt, Campus Box 144, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th St., Denver, CO 80202, regardless of the campus which the student plans to attend.
Requirements for Admission
1. General regulations for admission to The Graduate School apply (see Requirements for Admission).
2. A student must present at least 40 semester hours in the physical and biological sciences and mathematics, preferably including one year of calculus, statistics, or computer science. Students may be admitted to the program with a deficiency in calculus, statistics, or computer science requirements, but must remedy the deficiency within two years after admission, with grades of C or better.
Requirements for the Master of Basic Science Degree
1. General regulations of The Graduate School governing the award of the master’s degree apply (see Master of Arts and Master of Science) except as modified below.
2. The student is required to complete 24 semester hours of University credit for the Plan 1 (thesis) option and 30 semester hours for the Plan II (no thesis) option. All of these hours shall be numbered 300 and above. At least 12 of these hours shall be numbered 500 or higher, not to include thesis credit. Normally, not more than 3 hours of 500-level credit should be independent study.
3. Minimum Grade-Point Average. Courses on the 300 and 400 level will be accepted toward the degree only with grades of A or B; 500- and 600-level courses will be accepted toward the degree with grades of A, B. or C. The student must have a B


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average in all courses taken subsequent to admission to the program, including courses not actually offered for the degree.
PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
Students who are not presenting a thesis for the degree must pass a final examination or prepare a paper describing a research project or other specialized study. The choice of these is at the discretion of the Administrative Committee which also must approve the candidate’s performance.
There are three basic options within the program: mathematics, museology, and science. A Plan 1 (thesis) option is available only in the science option.
Mathematics Option
1. A reasonable degree of competence is required in the fields of analysis, algebra, and geometry. A minimum of 15 semester hours of upper division courses (300 level or above) in mathematics must be offered for the degree, including at least 3 hours of analysis, 6 hours of algebra, and 3 hours of geometry.
2. One upper division sequence of at least 6 semester hours in any of the physical or biological sciences represented in the program. With permission, two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for the one-year sequence.
3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer science, to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of these 30, twelve or more hours must be from courses numbered 500 or higher. The 30 hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school mathematics teaching, history of mathematics or science, or philosophy of mathematics or science.
Science Option
Within the science option there are two choices: 1) the nonthesis option, or 2) the thesis option.
1. In either option the student must take an upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in each of two of the physical and biological sciences named above. With permission, two independent one-semester courses in the same area may be substituted for one of the one-year sequences.
2. For the non-thesis option, upper-division electives in science, mathematics, or computer science to complete an approved 24-semester-hour degree plan. Of the required hours for either option, 12 hours or more must be from courses numbered 500 and above, not to include thesis credit. The required hours may also include 3 semester hours of upper division courses or seminars in secondary school teaching, history of science, or philosophy of science.
3. Thesis Option. The student who plans to present a thesis for the M.B.S. degree must report this to the Executive Committee of the program not later than the second semester. The student’s choice of a thesis adviser must be approved by the Executive Committee at this time.
Museology Option (Boulder Campus Only)
1. At least 8 but not more than 12 semester hours of courses offered by the museum. Three to 6 semester hours of courses in the College of Business and Administration of which 3 semester hours must be in the area of small business management. The total museum-business semester hours may not exceed 15.
2. An upper division sequence (300 level or above) of at least 6 semester hours in one of the departments (other than museum) represented in the program.
3. Upper division electives in science, mathematics, or computer science, to complete an approved 30-semester-hour degree plan. Of the 30 hours, at least 12 hours must be numbered 500 or above.
BIOLOGY
The master’s program in biology is designed to prepare graduates for research and teaching positions, employment in business and industry, and for advanced graduate work at the doctoral level. The M.A. in biology may be obtained with an emphasis in ecology, genetics, plant science, and organismic biology (including anatomy, physiology, and development).
Two principles have guided the development of the graduate program in biology. These are (1) the belief that a student’s program should be tailored to meet the student’s specific needs or personal goals and (2) the utilization of all the University’s resource facilities, regardless of the campus on which they are located, in order to provide greater opportunity and exposure for the student.
Requirements for Admission
Applicants must hold a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university earned with an overall grade-point average of 3.0 or better. (Exceptions to this grade-point average are made, dependent upon the letters of recommendation made on the student's behalf.) Most applicants have an undergraduate major in biology or its equivalent. Students who do not meet the minimum requirements set by the department or The Graduate School may be admitted on a provisional basis as detailed in The Graduate School general information section in this bulletin. The general portion of the GRE is required; the advanced biology test is recommended but not required. Applications are submitted directly to the biology graduate coordinator at CU-Denver.
Degree Requirements
All course work taken within the department and applied toward the degree must be 500 level or above. With the adviser’s and/or graduate committee’s approval course work at the 400 level taken outside the department may be applied toward the degree. Two types of degree plans are offered:
Pbn I (with thesis) requires 24 semester hours including 4-6 hours of thesis; at least 12 of the total semester hours must be 500 level or above.
Plan II (without thesis) requires 30 semester hours of which 16 hours must be 500 level or above.
There is no core of required courses structured into the master’s degree program; however, one seminar (1 or 2 hours credit) is required. A course plan is developed by the student and major professor and approved by the student’s graduate committee.
Additional Information
The student is referred to the biology graduate coordinator and to the Department of Biology’s Master of Arts in Biology brochure


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which is available in The Graduate School office. Specific questions relating to the student’s background and specific program needs should be directed to the biology graduate coordinator.
CHEMISTRY
The M.S. degree is offered at CU-Denver in any of the following basic fields: analytical, biochemistry, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry. Additionally, research programs involving environmental and geochemical problems are being offered.
The M.S. program is available to both full- and part-time students. The chemistry faculty at CU-Denver strive to ensure that students receive excellent advising and supervision of work. Students enrolled in the program have an opportunity to be appointed as laboratory teaching assistants. Research activities on the part of the chemistry faculty provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain research assistantships.
Requirements for Admission
Students must meet The Graduate School admission requirements. International students may have additional admission requirements concerning immigration status, proof of financial responsibility, and minimum TOEFL scores. An undergraduate major in chemistry, including two semesters of physical chemistry, is desirable as all entering students are required to pass qualifying examinations covering the major fields of chemistry. The GRE examination is required and the advanced chemistry GRE examination score is recommended. If either The Graduate School or departmental requirements are not satisfied, students may be admitted on a provisional basis.
Degree Requirements
There are two methods of obtaining a master’s degree from the Department of Chemistry:
Plan I is a research-oriented plan requiring 17 to 22 credit hours of formal course work, 4 to 9 credit hours in research courses, and the successful oral presentation of a written thesis covering the research project.
Plan II is a course work-oriented plan without a thesis requiring 26 credit hours of formal course work, 6 credit hours in research courses, and the successful oral presentation of a written report covering the research project.
Examinations. Qualifying preliminary examinations are given to all entering students in the five basic fields of chemistry. After completion of the student’s research project, a final oral examination is given to cover the thesis (Plan I) or research report (Plan II).
Language. Each student must demonstrate a third-semester undergraduate proficiency in a foreign language. Organic chemistry students are encouraged to meet the requirement in German while other students may use French, German, lapanese, or Russian.
Prospective students are encouraged to contact the chemistry graduate adviser, Robert Damrauer, at 556-2743 for additional details concerning the chemistry program, admission procedures, financial assistance, and faculty research interests.
CIVIL ENGINEERING
Civil engineering graduate programs at CU-Denver are offered through the combined departments of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering (Boulder) and Civil Engineering (Denver). Students wishing to pursue graduate work in civil engineering leading to candidacy for the M.S. or Ph.D. degrees should read carefully Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. All requirements for the M.S. and a large part of those for the Ph.D. may be completed at CU-Denver. A pamphlet elaborating on the rules as they apply to civil engineering is available from the departmental office at CU-Denver, UA 403, 556-2871.
No qualifying examination is required for the M.S. degree; however, in competition for all University fellowships, the Graduate Record Examination, consisting of the aptitude tests and the advanced test in engineering, is used in the evaluation of candidates. Therefore, students are advised to take this examination prior to their arrival on campus.
Programs are available in the fields of transportation, water quality and water resources, hydraulics, soil mechanics, structural mechanics, and structural design.
In each program, courses are selected by the student (under supervision of the faculty adviser) in such a way as to meet the student’s interests and the requirements of The Graduate School.
See also Master of Engineering degree.
The civil engineering program has no Ph.D. foreign language requirement other than those communication requirements established by The Graduate School. For more information write to: Chairman, Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Science, CU-Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
Center for Urban Transportation Studies
The Center for Urban Transportation Studies (CUTS), operating under the Department of Civil Engineering, was established (1) to assume a leading role in the Rocky Mountain region in developing research, research facilities, and interdisciplinary graduate programs in urban transportation: and (2) to provide a central resource for information concerning urban transportation problems in the Rocky Mountain region, making available to outside organizations the expertise within the University.
Through CUTS, the departments offer interdisciplinary graduate programs and research opportunities designed to develop professionals who will be capable of dealing with the complex problems of urban transportation in a competent and meaningful manner. Degree programs are available through the College of Engineering and Applied Science, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Graduate School of Public Affairs, Graduate School of Business Administration, and College of Design and Planning. For more information call (303) 556-2914, or write to CUTS, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202.
COMMUNICATION
Applicants are admitted to the graduate program in communication on the basis of their academic records, recommendations, and the GRE scores. A GPA of 3.0 is normally expected. Students admitted who are unable to offer a substantial number of semester hours of work in the area of their intended specialization


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or in allied fields must expect that a significant number of additional courses and semester hours will be required of them in order to make up deficiencies.
Degree Requirements
Every student must take a diagnostic examination before completing 9 semester hours.
For every student who declares intention to qualify for an advanced degree, an adviser and committee will be selected not later than the beginning of the student’s second semester (or second summer term) in residence. It is the duty of this adviser and committee to assume the responsibility for (1) approving the student’s graduate program; and (2) evaluating the student’s qualifying examination, thesis, and comprehensive final examination.
All M.A. degree candidates are required to complete Comm. 601 or its equivalent. At least two courses (4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department or outside the departmental area(s) of concentration.
Plan I, With Thesis. After any undergraduate deficiencies have been removed, students under Plan 1 must normally earn 27 semester hours of which a minimum of 16 must be earned in one major area. Students planning to pursue doctoral or professional degrees should expect to follow Plan 1. At least two courses (4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department.
Plan II Option, Without Thesis. After any undergraduate deficiencies have been removed, students under Plan 11 must normally earn 30 semester hours of which a minimum of 19 must be earned in one major area. At least two additional courses (4 to 8 hours) must be taken outside the department. The student will submit at least one major paper which has been revised under faculty supervision. Plan II is available to those who do not plan to pursue doctoral or professional degrees.
Courses at the 500 level or above may be applied toward the graduate degree by graduate students in communication.
The graduate courses in communication are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at CU-Denver.
For more information, students should contact the graduate adviser at 556-2609 or 556-2591.
COMPUTER SCIENCE
In conjunction with the Department of Computer Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder, the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science offers a graduate program in computer science. Information on the multicampus Ph. D. program may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. The M.S. program consists of a core of five courses required of all students and the selection of a specialty field (numerical computation, programming languages, computer systems, management science, or signal processing) in which additional courses are taken.
Requirements for Admission to M.S. Program
Admission to the program is available to students who have been awarded a bachelor’s degree in mathematics, natural science, or engineering. Specific mathematic background requirements include one and one-half years of university-level calculus and a semester of upper division mathematics beyond calculus. Computer science background should include the following (or
their equivalents): C.S. 141, 242, 252, 340, 341, 413 and 465. Students should have attained a grade-point average close to or above a B in undergraduate studies. Those whose averages are below, or close to, 3.0 should submit GRE scores. Information on the program can be obtained from the Department of Computer Science, 556-2872.
M.S. Degree Requirements
The program typically is as follows:
Core Courses C.S. (E.E.) 553.
C.S. (E.E.) 557.
E.E. 551.
C.S. (Math.) 560.
C.S. 546.
E.E. 552.
Specialty Field
Three or more courses in computer science, electrical engineering, mathematics, or management science, depending on the specialty selected.
Thesis or Master’s Reading Course
C.S. 700 or C.S. 701. A grade of B or better in C.S. 700 or C.S. 701 is required.
Students may choose the thesis option (Plan I) or the nonthesis option (Plan II). Those selecting Plan I may register for 4 to 6 semester hours of credit for thesis research, working with a faculty adviser from the Boulder or Denver campus. Those selecting Plan II must take C.S. 701, the master’s reading option, offered on the Boulder campus.
ECONOMICS
The M.A. program in economics at CU-Denver is directed toward two groups: (1) those who look on the M.A. as a key to career development in business or government service and (2) those who desire to go on to Ph.D. studies in economics or related fields.
In serving these constituencies, the department seeks to strike a balance between generating technical competence in handling modem quantitative techniques and providing solid grounding in several applied fields of economics. Whereas these two aims overlap to some degree in the course offerings, prospective degree candidates should determine rather early in their studies at CU-Denver whether to emphasize quantitative and theoretical work or applied fields, or to balance the two.
In addition to offering regularly a graduate sequence in macroeconomic and microeconomic theory, and econometrics, the department emphasizes the following: urban economics, transportation economics, resource economics, environmental economics, labor economics, education of economists, political economy, and mathematical economics. Persons interested in the program should contact the graduate adviser in the Department of Economics at 556-2616.
Requirements for Admission
1. General requirements of The Graduate School (including a 2.75 undergraduate cumulative grade-point average).
Fundamental Concepts of Programming Languages Operating Systems or
Hardware-Software Interface Numerical Analysis I Automata Theory Data Structures


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2. Three letters of recommendation.
3. Sixteen semester hours of undergraduate economics.
4. Acceptable Graduate Record Examination scores.
5. Two official transcripts from all colleges attended.
Degree Requirements
1. Economic Theory (Econ. 507).
2. Quantitative Methods (Econ. 581).
3. Plan I: An M.A. Thesis. Twenty-four semester hours, of which 12 must be at the 600 level or above and 4 semester hours of thesis credit. Thesis credit does not count toward the 12 600-level hours.
4. Plan II: Without Thesis. Thirty semester hours, of which 15 must be at the 600 level or above. Two fields of concentration. Each field requires 6 credit hours, but the structure is highly flexible, e.g., one field can be an internship.
EDUCATION
Graduate study in education at the University of Colorado is offered on three campuses (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) and through numerous program areas. All inquiries regarding programs at CU-Denver should be directed to the Dean’s Office, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th St., Denver, CO 80202, or to the Dean of The Graduate School at CU-Denver.
A wide range of professional and academic interests are served by these programs. Programs of study can be undertaken in the following areas:
Administration and supervision Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education (bilingual education, English as a second language)
Foundations
Guidance and counseling (elementary, secondary, and agency settings)
Library^media Middle school certification
Graduate studies in education are offered primarily at the M.A. (thesis and nonthesis), but also at the postmaster’s, level. In some instances, doctoral work can be taken at CU-Denver, but only with the prior approval of a student’s adviser, and the dean’s office on both the Boulder and Denver campuses.
Outlines of each of the graduate programs of study are available upon request from the School of Education office at CU-Denver. Since many of the graduate degree plans are flexible and can be designed around individual student needs, it is highly desirable that the prospective candidate discuss tentative programs of studies with appropriate faculty members prior to submitting applications.
Application for Admission
A prospective candidate should request application forms from the dean’s office, School of Education, University of Colorado at Denver. The completed form should be returned to the Dean, School of Education, CU-Denver, together with a $20 application
fee. The fee should be in the form of a check or money order payable to the University of Colorado. Two copies of official transcripts of all previous college and university study should be ordered by the applicant to be sent to the dean. Four recommendations on the forms provided, or by letter, should be furnished. It is preferred that at least two of these should be from college or university professors who can write with assurance about the applicant’s academic and professional achievement promise. One or two recommendations from supervisors or employers are acceptable with reference to an applicant’s ability and contribution to the enterprise with which he/she was or is associated. Application papers and all supporting documents (including GRE scores or MAT scores, see below) must be in the dean’s office on March 1 for summer, June 1 for fall, and October 1 for spring semester admission.
Applicants should request the Educational Testing Service to send their scores on the aptitude test (verbal and quantitative) of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), or scores from the Miller’s Analogy Test, to the dean’s office. If an applicant has not taken the Graduate Record Examination or the Miller’s Analogy Test, he/she should arrange to do so. The GRE or MAT is administered at many centers throughout the country. Information about the GRE may be obtained from The Graduate School office, the Student Academic Services office at CU-Denver, the Educational Testing Service, 20 Nassau Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, or the graduate office of a university in the applicant’s area.
Degree Requirements
Two Master of Arts degree plans and a Master of Education plan are available, each comprising one academic year or more of graduate work beyond the bachelor’s degree. The minimum residence requirement for any master’s degree is one academic year or the equivalent, and it may be satisfied by two semesters in residence, or three full summer sessions, or any combination equal to two semesters.
1. M.A. — Plan I (With Thesis). The program consists of 36 semester hours or more, including 4 semester hours for the master’s thesis. While the inclusion of a minor field is not required by The Graduate School, a student and adviser may agree on a minor, in which 4 to 8 semester hours can be applied toward degree requirements.
The M.A. thesis is written in accordance with the specifications set by The Graduate School and under the supervision of the student’s adviser. When a complete first draft is ready for final typing, the thesis must be read by a second reader appointed by the dean’s office. If the second reader approves the thesis, both the reader and the adviser will sign it when it is presented for filing with The Graduate School. If the reader does not approve, the reader and the student’s adviser will confer and suggest appropriate changes. Two copies are required by The Graduate School.
2. M.A. — Plan II (Without Thesis). The Plan II program includes 36 or more semester hours of graduate credit, and may include 4 to 10 hours for a minor. The minor is highly recommended in some fields of study.
3. Master of Education (M. Ed.). This program requires a minimum of 36 or more semester hours of graduate work, including a professional report for which 2 semester hours credit is granted.
Reading
School psychology certification Secondary education (bilingual education,
English as a second language, English education, mathematics education, science education, social studies education, technology in education) Special education


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The professional report is prepared under the supervision of the student's adviser, in accordance with thesis specifications issued by The Graduate School. One copy is submitted to the adviser upon completion, but none is filed with The Graduate School.
EDUCATION AS A MINOR FIELD
In M.A. programs for majors outside the School of Education, students may include education as a minor if both their major department and the dean’s office of the School of Education approve. For master’s degrees, a minor in education consists of at least 6 semester hours of study in related courses. Not more than 2 semester hours may be transferred from another institution.
Students who propose to minor in education must have had sufficient undergraduate work in education to prepare them for graduate study in the field. Appraisal of undergraduate preparation will be made by the dean’s office and the coordinator of the program area in which the proposed minor courses will be taken.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Electrical engineering graduate programs at CU-Denver are offered through the combined Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering (Denver) and Electrical Engineering (Boulder).
Students can undertake studies toward the Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees at CU-Denver in the areas of communication and information systems, computer hardware and software, control systems, electro-optics and holography, circuits and electronics, fields and propagation, and power systems.
Requirements for Admission
A student wishing to pursue work in electrical engineering should read carefully the Requirements for Advanced Degrees section in this bulletin, and also should obtain a copy of the specific electrical engineering requirements by writing to the Director of Graduate Admissions, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202. Non-degree students and those intending to pursue a graduate program at CU-Denver are urged to consult the departmental representative as part of their application procedure.
Degree Requirements
Master’s degree students are expected to present a thesis unless specifically exempted by the department.
The Ph.D. preliminary examination will include the following areas:
Bioengineering
Circuits (active, passive, models)
Communication theory
Computers
Control systems
Electric and magnetic fields
Energy conversion and power systems
Mathematics
Physical and semiconductor electronics
Students must complete two sections, mathematics and the area in which they plan to specialize, and must present an acceptable master’s thesis or the equivalent as an indication of ability to perform independent research.
ENGINEERING, AAASTER OF
The Master of Engineering degree program is administered by The Graduate School through the departments of engineering. The requirements for admission and for quality and quantity of academic work are essentially the same as for the Master of Science degree awarded in the College of Engineering and Applied Science.
The principal difference between the Master of Engineering degree and the Master of Science degree is that the Master of Engineering is intended especially to meet the needs of those practicing engineers who wish to follow an integrated, interdisciplinary program of studies in engineering or in engineering and allied subjects related to the individual student’s professional work. Examples of such interdisciplinary programs include engineering and business administration, engineering and social sciences, engineering and biological sciences, engineering and behavioral sciences, engineering and public administration, and engineering and law.
The degree will be especially valuable for continuing education programs for engineers in industry. It will provide a framework for such persons to work toward significant goals fitted to their particular interests. The program can include courses which are made available on video tape or on live television.
The Master of Engineering degree is not intended as a means to permit a random, unguided selection of courses. Each prospective student is required to present a well-defined objective in order to be admitted to the program. In consultation with the faculty advisers, an academic program is developed to meet this objective.
The admission of students to graduate study, the approval of their degree programs, admission to candidacy for the degree, and the approval of the awarding of a degree are to originate through a specific department of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, in the same manner as for the established Master of Science program. An advisory committee, including not fewer than three faculty members, will be appointed for each student by his or her department. The membership of each advisory committee shall be chosen from the various interdisciplinary academic areas represented in the student’s program and will be from more than one department. The advisory committee guides the student, and is responsible for approving the individual’s degree program and admission to candidacy: and approves the student’s written report and the awarding of the degree.
Degree Requirements
The requirements for the degree are 30 credit hours plus a written report on a creative investigation which may be related to the student’s professional work. The report will be of the same general quality as that required for the thesis for the Master of Science degree and must be defended orally, but does not in itself carry credit nor require registration. It may be based upon work done for credit under independent study. At least 15 credit hours must be in engineering at the 500 level or above. As many as 15 credit hours


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may be taken outside of engineering. Credit in courses below the 400 level will not apply toward degree requirements.
Additional information about the degree may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science department offices.
Additional information about the degree may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science departmental offices.
ENGLISH
Students admitted to graduate study in English may complete all or substantially all of their course requirements for either the M.A. or Ph.D. at CU-Denver.
Requirements for Admission
Admission requirements for graduate study in English include satisfactory scores on verbal and advanced (literature) parts of the Graduate Record Examination, plus at least 24 semester hours in English (exclusive of composition, creative writing and speech, and literature courses counting as credits in education). At least 16 semester hours must be in upper division work.
Degree Requirements
Students wishing to pursue graduate work in English should note Requirements for Advanced Degrees in this bulletin. They also should obtain a copy of the brochure, Graduate Study in English, issued by the English department and should consult the adviser for graduate English studies at CU-Denver.
All students planning to take any graduate English examination must state their intentions to the graduate adviser for English studies at CU-Denver at least ten weeks prior to the date of the examination.
The graduate courses in English are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at CU-Denver.
For more information contact the graduate adviser at 556-8304.
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
The environmental science degree is designed to provide students with training in engineering, natural/physical sciences, and socioeconomic analysis. The goals of the program are to: (1) enhance the interdisciplinary communication and analytical skills of the student, and (2) provide opportunities for more intensive training within a particular subject area. Students will receive instruction in the physical and biological dynamics of various ecosystems, environmental engineering, and socioeconomic issues associated with environmental analysis.
Degree Requirements
The degree curriculum consists of three components: (1) a set of five core courses required of all students (16 hours); (2) elective courses taken in two of the three subject areas (18 hours minimum); and (3) an in-service research project and report (3 hours). At least 21 of the 37 credit hours required for the degree must be at the 500 level or above. Program flexibility is provided through the selection of elective courses in various subject areas.
To fulfill the elective requirements, students select one of the following options. Each option includes courses from two of the three subject areas (engineering, natural/physical sciences, socioeconomic sciences).
Engineering Option: 6 hours of natural/physical sciences or socioeconomic sciences and 12 hours of engineering.
Natural/Physical Sciences Option : 6 hours of engineering and 12 hours of natural/physical sciences.
Socioeconomic Science Option : 6 hours of engineering and 12 hours of socioeconomic sciences.
The degree is offered through cooperation between the College of Engineering and Applied Science and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Information on specific core course requirements and elective course options can be obtained by contacting 556-2557.
FINANCE
Refer to the Graduate School of Business Administration section of this bulletin.
FINE ARTS
Some course work at the graduate level can be taken at CU-Denver in this discipline, but degree programs must be completed through the University of Colorado at Boulder; 500-level courses are open to qualified seniors.
The graduate courses in fine arts are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at CU-Denver.
FRENCH
At present CU-Denver offers no French courses above 599. The courses at the 500 level are applicable to an M.A. degree through the University of Colorado at Boulder, depending upon degree plan approval by the graduate adviser in Boulder in each case. The graduate courses in French are also applicable to the Master of Humanities program at CU-Denver.
GEOGRAPHY
The M.A. degree program offered at CU-Denver emphasizes the spatial analysis of a variety of urban phenomena. Areas of specialization include urban economic/social geography, transportation, quantitative methods, land use, perception, and environmental planning. Graduate training toward the Ph.D. degree is also available at CU-Denver. All applications are presently processed by the departmental office on the Boulder campus. Flexible programs are designed to meet the needs of both full- and part-time students.
Requirements for Admission
For admission to the M.A. program, the student must have a bachelor's degree in geography or some allied field. Applicants with little or no training in geography may be required to take additional course work in areas deemed necessary for completing graduate work. The GRE verbal and quantitative examinations.


The Graduate School / 95
or their equivalent for foreign students, are required of all applicants.
Degree Requirements
Two types of degree programs are available. Plan I requires a minimum of 18 credit hours of course work and 6 credit hours of thesis research and presentation work. Plan II requires a minimum of 30 credit hours of course work, including 4 to 6 independent student credit hours involving completion of a project or paper of publishable quality.
All incoming graduate students must complete three graduate seminars with three different departmental faculty within the first semester (or first year for part-time students). At least one of the three courses must be in physical geography and one in human geography. The performance in these courses will be used by a faculty committee to (1) determine the general fitness of the student to continue toward the M.A. degree and (2) identify any academic deficiencies the student may have.
For further information call the geography department, 556-3456.
GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES
It is possible to do a significant proportion of the work required for an M.S. degree on the Denver campus, but prospective graduate students must be prepared to take approximately one-third to one-half of their course work on the Boulder campus at this time. A formal proposal for a complete M.S. degree program for the Denver campus is being prepared. CU-Denver offers its program entirely in the evening, with the exception of field geology and a very few nontechnical electives.
More information about opportunities for Denver students is available in the CU-Denver geology department, 556-3456.
HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
Refer to the Graduate School of Business Administration section of this bulletin.
HISTORY
The history faculty of the University of Colorado at Denver offers a master’s degree program which encompasses certain fields of modem history. Students applying for admission to the program should have sufficient background in history, though not necessarily a B.A. in the subject, and some knowledge of allied social sciences to afford an adequate foundation for graduate work; however, the department encourages applications from individuals interested in resuming their education.
The master's degree in history is traditionally viewed as training for careers in education, government service, museum and archive management, or historic preservation activities as well as for further degree work in law and business management. But the degree program also is attractive to individuals who want to further their general education.
Requirements for Admission
Application forms for admission to graduate study in history are available from the CU-Denver Graduate School office. In addition to the general admission requirements of The Graduate School, applicants for admission to the history program must take the verbal section of the Graduate Record Examination. The Admissions Committee will examine carefully all materials submitted, including transcripts and letters of recommendation, and advise that candidates make appointments for an interview.
Degree Requirements
Candidates in history must satisfy the general requirements of The Graduate School which are outlined in this bulletin. In meeting the master’s degree requirements of the Department of History candidates have two options. They must complete either 30 semester hours of course work, or 24 semester hours of course work and a thesis. Under the first option, candidates must include in the 30 hours at least 15 hours of course work at the 600 level or above and 3 hours of 700-level work in their major field. Under the second option, the 24 hours of course work must include at least 12 hours of work at the 600 level or above and 3 hours at the 700 level in the major field. The thesis (4-6 hours) counts as 700-level work. A candidate is urged to select his or her thesis, which is subject to departmental approval, by the beginning of the second semester. The writing of the thesis shall be under the supervision of the candidate’s major adviser. Except in special circumstances, the department strongly recommends the thesis option.
Upon nearing the completion of their degree work, all candidates are required to pass a final written comprehensive examination in their major field. The examination, to be registered for in advance, will be given each semester, including summers, at announced times and will be conducted by the department.
A residency of at least one academic year is required for the degree.
Particular Requirements for the Master's Degree in History
1. Hist. 601, Historiography, is requiredof all graduate students.
2. Each candidate must select one of the fields listed below as a major field which shall comprise not more than 50 percent of the M.A. program:
The United States to 1865
The United States Since 1865
Modem Europe (Since 1500)
Africa
3. Candidates must select a second field of history as their minor and complete 6 hours of work in that field; however, candidates selecting one of the U.S. fields as their major may not select the other U.S. field as their minor.
4. With the consent of their major adviser, candidates may include in their programs a minor in museology, to consist of 6 semester hours (normally Mus. 401 and Independent Study in Museology), a minor in archival and records management procedures to consist of 6 hours (normally Hist. 690 and 790), or a minor in historic preservation to consist of 6 hours.
5. With the consent of their major adviser, candidates may include in their program a minor consisting of 6 hours of work taken outside the Department of History. The minor may be chosen from the following subjects: economics, political science,


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psychology, sociology, anthropology, geography, philosophy, literature, art history, or education.
6. Candidates working in an area of study involving the use of a foreign language will be required by their major adviser to demonstrate proficiency in that language.
7. In history courses no grade lower than B will count toward the completion of the course work for the master’s degree.
8. Candidates may register for up to 6 hours of Independent Study (Hist. 950). In special circumstances, with consent of the major adviser, candidates may register for up to 9 hours of independent study.
Additional independent study must be approved by the department chairman upon the advice of the major adviser.
For further information concerning the master’s degree in history at CU-Denver, direct inquiries to Chairman, Department of History, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202 or telephone 556-2616.
HUMANITIES, MASTER OF
The Master of Humanities is an interdisciplinary degree offered at CU-Denver. Its purpose is to provide an opportunity for students to broaden their understanding of the relationships among the several areas normally subsumed under the heading of humanities, e.g., communication, philosophy, the arts, literature, and the languages. The M.H. program is especially suitable for the many high school, junior high school, and elementary school teachers who find themselves in the position of having to teach in several different areas of the humanities. However the M.H. program is by no means restricted to teachers.
All courses required for the M.H. degree are offered at CU-Denver.
Requirements for Admission
Students are required to take the Graduate Record Examination aptitude test as an aid in the planning of their studies for the degree^
Before entering the M.H. program, a student is expected to have had at least 40 semester hours in the humanities. Humanities, as used here, is broadly conceived to include general studies in communication, theatre, philosophy, literature, the arts, the languages, and other areas as agreed upon by the student and The Graduate School.
General requirements of The Graduate School governing the awarding of the master’s degree apply.
Degree Requirements
All courses credited toward the M.H. degree must be taken at the University of Colorado over a period not exceeding five years or she successive summers. The M.H. degree program shall be supervised by an advisory committee consisting of three members of the graduate faculty, each from a different area of the humanities.
In addition to the 3 hours for Hum. 500 (described below), candidates for the M.H. degree are expected to complete a minimum of 24 semester hours at the 500 level or higher in four of the following areas (i.e., 3-9 hours in each area):
Communication History
English Music
Fine arts Philosophy
French language and Spanish language and literature
literature Theatre
Up to 6 hours in areas other than those listed above may be accepted as humanities as agreed upon by the student and the advisory committee.
The requirement of 3-9 hours in each area is intended to ensure that the student achieves a considerable degree of breadth. On the other hand, this requirement should not be construed as precluding the student from doing additional work in one particular field in order to achieve further depth.
Within one calendar year of entering the M.H. program, the student is required to take Hum. 500 (may be repeated as 501). This is a 3-credit seminar that deals with the identity of the humanities, their place in the life of man, the various media through which they manifest themselves, and related matters. Hum. 500 (and 501 if repeated) count as part of the 30 hours required for the M.H. degree. Twenty-four of the required hours will be taken in the disciplines listed above, the remainder to be completed through Hum. 500 (and 501 if repeated).
Before completing 15 hours of course work toward the M.H., the student must meet with an advisory committee to plan the directions and emphases for the remainder of studies for the degree.
After completing the 30 hours required for the degree, the student is required to pass a comprehensive examination covering the three areas in which course work has been concentrated. It should be stressed that this examination is not a combination of three different master’s degree examinations; rather, it is an opportunity for the student to display, and the faculty to view, the student’s expertise in combining significant aspects of three different fields, bringing major trends and ideas of the fields into meaningful relationships with each other. The examination will be composed and administered by the student’s advisory committee.
After satisfactory completion of the comprehensive examination, the student must present a final thesis or project. This is a substantial scholarly and/or creative exercise involving three different humanistic areas. It is supervised by the student’s advisory committee and must be performed or presented before an open seminar consisting of the committee and any other faculty members who wish to attend. The approved thesis or report of thesis-performance shall be recorded in The Graduate School.
Throughout this work toward the M.H. degree, students must uphold the high standards of The Graduate School, maintaining at least a B average in all courses taken subsequent to their admission to the M.H. program.
Required Courses
The only course specifically required for the M.H. degree is the new Hum. 500 described above.
The 24 hours (in addition to Hum. 500) required for the degree will normally be drawn from 500-level courses which already exist at CU-Denver.
The language requirement for the M.H. degree is fourth-semester proficiency in a language relevant to the student’s particular course of study. Such relevancy will be decided upon by the student’s advisory committee.


The Graduate School / 97
For further information about the Master of Humanities degree program students should contact 556-2557.
MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION,
MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, AND MARKETING
Refer to the Graduate School of Business Administration section of this bulletin.
MATHEAAATICS
Two graduate degrees may be earned in mathematics: the M.A. in mathematics and the M.S. in applied mathematics. (Also see Master of Basic Science). It is the responsibility of each individual student to see that the requirements for these degrees are satisfied at the proper time.
Requirements for Admission
To begin graduate work toward one of the above degrees, a student should have at least the following preparation: 50 semester hours in mathematics including, beyond a full course in calculus, a year’s course in advanced calculus, 3 semester hours of linear algebra and either a 3-semester-hour course in higher algebra or a 3-semester-hour course in ordinary differential equations.
Students who do not have all the prerequisites for one of the advanced degrees may still be admitted provisionally if, in the faculty’s judgment, their record justifies this (but also see The Graduate School admission requirements).
For a mathematics minor for a graduate degree, a full course in calculus is a prerequisite.
Degree Requirements for the M.A. and M.S.
The student must present 30 hours of course work. All mathematics courses submitted must be numbered 500 or higher. If a minor is taken outside of mathematics, the minor courses must be numbered 400 or higher.
There is no thesis requirement for either degree, although a thesis option is available. The candidate must make a one hour oral presentation on an approved topic. A committee of two graduate faculty members is selected by the candidate to approve the topic and supervise its preparation and presentation.
There is no foreign language requirement for either master’s degree. However, students who may want to continue for a Ph.D. should satisfy at least one of the foreign language requirements before obtaining a master's degree.
All master’s degree programs must be planned in consultation with an approved adviser on the graduate faculty. Prospective candidates for a master’s degree should select a graduate adviser and develop a degree program plan at the earliest possible date. Contact the department for information on selecting a graduate adviser.
The M.A. is designed as preparation for doctoral study or teaching. The M.A. program provides a thorough education in classical and modem mathematics through fundamental core courses and specialty courses.
The M.S. is oriented toward careers in applied mathematics, but may also prepare the student for doctoral study. The M.S.
program has the following options: (1) mathematics of science and engineering, (2) computational mathematics, (3) operations research, (4) discrete mathematics, (5) applied statistics, and (6) computer science. Each option has a required core of courses, but also allows the student the flexibility to take other courses that satisfy individual needs.
Every student is encouraged to participate in the Mathematics Clinic, a program in which students have an opportunity to work on real-world problems supplied by local industry, research firms, or government.
For further information contact the graduate adviser at 556-8442.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Under the auspices of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Boulder, the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Denver is offering graduate courses. The department offers graduate programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering to students whose goal is teaching, research, or advanced development in the broad disciplines of solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, thermodynamics, mechanical and thermal design, and engineering economy and management. These areas of study provide the technical background necessary to deal with a wide variety of contemporary mechanical engineering problems. Faculty interest includes effective use of alternative energy-sources such as solar and geothermal heat, slow viscous flow, lubrication, free molecular flow, free convection, fluid power components, two-phase flow and mass transfer, dynamic stability of mechanical and structural systems, viscoelastic and plastic material response, robotics, computer-aided design and graphics, computational methods, biological feedback system, and dynamic behavior of biomaterials.
Degree Requirements
At the M.S. degree level, students following Plan I (with thesis) are required to take 9 hours of core courses which include engineering analysis and a selection from thermodynamics, mechanics, design, and mechanisms. Students following Plan II (all formal course work) are required to take 15 hours of core courses in thermodynamics, continuum mechanics, dynamics, and engineering mathematics. The remainder of the program is developed by the student in consultation with the adviser.
For admission to Ph.D. candidacy the student must pass a comprehensive examination to demonstrate a general competence in mechanical engineering at an advanced level. In addition, second-year, college-level reading proficiency must be demonstrated in scientific French, German, Russian, or other foreign language approved by the department upon petition by the student.
Graduate Study in Mechanics
Graduate programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanics which emphasize the mechanical sciences of solids and fluids and thermal science, are available through the Department of Mechanical Engineering. For students working in mechanics, a strong cognate program in mathematics is imperative. Specific degree plans emphasize courses of both a fundamental character and a research level treatment. Requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanics are similar to those in mechanical engineering, with the additional requirements that students following


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U18701 9581801

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CONTENTS Academic Calendar ............................................. ............... . Degree Programs at a Glance ................................................... . Administrative Officers ........................................................ . General Information ........................................................... . Admission Policies and Procedures ................................. ........... . Tuition and Fees ............................................................ . Financial Aid . .......... ................................................... . 2 3 5 7 9 14 16 Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Academic Policies and Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Student Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Special Programs and Facilities . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . 26 Interim and Short-Term Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Reserve Officer Training Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 College of Design and Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 School of Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 College of Engineering and Applied Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . 61 The Graduate School . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 College of Liberal Arts and Sciences .............................................. 1 0 1 College of Music . ..................................................... ....... . . 125 Graduate School of Public Affairs ................... :. . . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . 128 Course Description s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Faculty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Index ......................................................................... 238 Auraria Campus Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 ARCHIVES AURARIA LIBRARY University of Colorado Bulletin. (USPS 651.()6()) 262 Stadium Building, Campus Box 384, Boulder, Colorado 80309 . Volume LXXXV, No. 7, July I, 1985, General Series No. 2102. Publishcil one time a month by the University of Colorado . Second class postage paid at Boulder, Colorado.

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2 I University of Colorado at Denver Summer 19852 June 4-6 June 10 July 4 August 16 Fall 19852 August 26-29 September 2 September 3 November 28-29 December 20 Although this bulletin was prepared on the basis of the best infonnation available at the time, all infonnation (including the academic calendar, admission and gradua tion requirements , course offerings and course descriptions, and statements of tuition and fees) is subject to change without notice or obligation. CU-Denver is an affinnative action/equal opportunity institution. Students are advised to obtain a copy of the Schedule of Courses for the semester in which they intend to enroll for current calendars, tuition rates, requirements, deadline dates, etc. ACADEMIC CALENDAR1 Registration. First day of classes. Holiday (no classes). End oftenn. Registration. Holiday (no classes). First day of classes. Thanksgiving holidays (no classes). End of semester. Winter Session 1986 (tentative) January 2 January 17 Spring 19862 Januazy 13-16 January 20 March.24-28 May 16 First day of classes. End of Winter Session. Registration. First day of classes. vacation (no classes). End of semester. 'The University reserves the right to alter the Academic Calendar at any time. 2Consult the Schedule of Courses for application deadline dates, deadlines for changing programs (dropping and adding classes), and procedures for registration. The Spring 1986 calendar is tentative .

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BUSINESS DESIGN AND PLANNING EDUCATION ENGINEERJNG HUMANITIES MUSIC NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES PUBLIC AFFAIRS SOCIAL SCIENCES DEGRE E P ROGRAMS AT A GLANCE1 Baccalaureate Programs B . S . areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, infonnation systems, international business, marketing, min erals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources management, production and operations management, public agency admin istration, real estate, small business management, transportation and distribution management offered only at Boulder teacher certificatio!l program applied mathematics, applied mathematics and busi ness, civil civil engineering and business, computer science, computer science and business, electrical engineering, electrical engineering and busi ness, mechanical engineering, mechanical engineering and business communication, creative arts, English, fine arts, French, German, philosophy, Spanish, theatre, writ ing program music biology, chemistry, geography, geology, mathematics, physics, psychology anthropology, economics, history, political science, sociology Degree Programs at a Glance I 3 Master's Programs M.B.A. areas of emphasis: accounting, finance, man agement science/ information systems, marketing, organization management, personnel human resources management, production and operations management, transportation and distribution man agement, and executive M .B.A. program M.S.: accounting, finance, health administration , management and organization, management science and information systems, marketing architecture, architecture in urban design, interior design, landscape architecture, planning and com munity development early childhood education, educational psychology, elementary education , foundations, guidance and counseling, initial certification program, library media, reading, secondary education, special education appli.ed mathematics, civil engineering, computer sci ence, electrical engineering, engineering, environmental science, mechanical engineering communication, English, humanities, technical com munications, theatre (also doctorate in communication and English) basic science, biology, chemistry, environmental sci ence, geography, mathematics, psychology (also doc torate in biology) criminal justice, public administration (also doctorate in public administration) anthropology, economics, history, political science, social science, sociology 'Courses in many other undergra duat e and graduate areas are offered at CU-Denver. but degrees mus t be completed at the University of Colorado at Boulder or at the Health Sciences Center. CU-Denver also offers preprofessional programs in law, journalism, and the health careers (child health associate , dental hygiene, dentistry, medieal technology, medicine, nursing, optometry, osteopathy, phannacy , physical therapy, and veterinary medicine).

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4 I University of Colorado at Denver UNDERGRADUATE AND NON-DEGREE STUDENT ADMISSION INFORMATION1 2 • 3 Type of Applicant Criteria for Admission2 Required Credentials When to Apply Notes FRESHMAN IN GENERAL: Complete application Not later than : For specific requirements refer ( Students seeking bachelor 's a) Rank in upper half of high $20 application fee July 22 for fall to th e co llege sections of thi s degree who have n eve r sc hool graduating class. Official high school tran sc ript D ec . I for s pring bull e tin . F o r example , Music attended a collegiat e b) Have 16 unit s of accept s howin g rank-i n cla ss, dat e May 3 f o r s umm e r requires an audition . insti tution ) able high sc hool work. of gradu a tion , 7th semester S eniors who meet or excee d c) T es t sco res : grades, 8th semester co u rses all admission criteria ma y ACT co mp : 23 Offici a l ACT or SAT sc ore apply a s early as O ct. 1 for or report. following fall. SAT com b : 1000 Note: Bus ines s and Engineeri ng a pplicants are expected to hav e high er test sco r es and cla ss rank. TRANSFER' IN GENERAL: Comp l e t e application Not lat e r than : Transfers to the School of Edu( Student s see king a bachelor's Must be in good standing $20 application fee July 22 for fall cation co nsult that section for degree who have attended a and eligib l e to return to all Two official tr anscripts sent Dec. I for s pring additional requirements. colleg iate institution other institutions pr eviously from eac h college attended. May 3 for s ummer Liberal Arts and Music tranfers than CU) attended . with l ess than 12 sem. h rs. of Applicants must h ave mini college work , Bus ines s tran s f ers mum 2 . 0 GPA on all work with le ss than 45 se m . hrs . , and attempted . Business and Engin eeri ng transfers with le ss Engineering applicant s will than 24 se m . hrs . mu st also be required to hav e a higher s ubmit all fre shma n credentials . GPA . NON-DEGREE Must be high school graduate Complete a pplication Not lat e r than : Non degree stude nt s who have ( Students who are n o t see king or have a G .E .D . $5 application f ee July 22 for fall e arned a baccalaureat e d egree a degree at this in s titution) D ec . 1 for s pring see Graduate S c hool section for May 3 for s umm er a dditi onal information . Appli cations will also be acce pt e d after th ese deadlines if s pa ce a llows . RETURNING CU STUDENT Must be in good s tanding Former s tud e nt application Not lat e r than : Stud e nt s under academic sus( R et urning non-d egree and July 22 f o r f all4 pension in c ertain sc hool s or d eg ree st ud e nts who have D ec. I for s pring" colleges at the Univer s ity of not attend e d anoth e r insti tu May 3 for summer• Colorado may enroll during th e tion since CU ) s ummer t e rms as a means of impro ving their grade-point averages. R e turning CU student s will be admitted to their previou s major unless a new major is requested . FORMER CU STUDENT S ame as for tran s f e r s Compl ete a pplicati o n Not lat e r than : Will b e admitte d to previous ( D egree s tudents who have $20 a pplication f ee July 22 for fall major unless a diff e rent major attended another institution Two offiical transcripts from D ec . 1 for s pring is r e qu es t e d on application . since attending CU) each intervening c oll ege May 3 for s umm e r CHANGE OF STATUS: Same as for tran sfers Complete a pplicati o n ot l ater than : NON-DEGREE TO DEGREE $20 applicatio n f ee July 22 for fall ( CU non d egree s tud e nts who CU transcript D ec . 1 f o r s pring wis h t o e nt er a degree pro-May 3 for s umm er gram) CHANGE OF STATUS: Must hav e comple t e d degree Non-degree s tud e nt Not lat e r than : Only s tud e nt s who h ave co m -DEGREE TO NON-DEGREE application July 22 for fall ple t ed a nd received d egrees are (Fo rm e r CU degr ee stu dent s $5 application fee Dec . I for s prin g eligible to c hang e to n o n-d egree who hav e graduated a nd wis h May 3 for s umm er s t atus. t o tak e additional work) INTERCAMPUS TRANSFER Must be in good s tanding Former student application Transfer to Denver , not later Tran sfers fro m D enver to (Students who have b ee n than: anoth e r ca mpus o f CU s hould e nroll ed on o n e CU ca mpu s July 22 for fall r e fer to ap propriat e bull e tin for and wish to take courses o n Dec . I for s pring additional requirements . Will a noth e r ) May 3 for s umm e r b e admitte d t o pr evious major Tran s f e r from Den ver : refe r unl ess a differen t maj o r i s to bulleti n for other campus . r e qu ested on application . INTRAUNIVERSITY Same as for tran sfers . lntrau niversity tran s fer 60 days prior to the TRANSFER Must be a co ntinuin g st ud e nt applicatio n beginning o f th e t erm ( Student s who wish to c h a nge e nroll ed on th e camp us to CU tran s cri pt from on e CU college to which you are a pplying . a n ot h er, e.g. , from th e College of Liberal Arts and Scie n ces t o th e College of Business) 1 Applications will b e accep t ed onl y as long a s opening s r e main . 2R e quirem e nts for indivi dual sc hool s o r colleges may vary. ' Foreign s tudent s see Internati o nal Stud e nts in th e Admissions section of this bull eti n . 4Preferred deadlin e .

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ADMINISTRATION Board of Regents CHARLES M . ABERNATHY, M.D., Montrose, term expires 1989 RICHARD J . BERNICK, D enver , term expires 1987 PETER C . DIETZE , B oulder , term expires 1991 LYNN ELLINS , Lon gmont , ter m expires 1991 HUGH C. FOWLER , Denver, term expires 1989 SANDY F. KRAEMER, Colora d o S prings, term expires 1989 NORWOOD ROBB, D enver , term expires 1991 ROY H . SHORE , Greeley, term expires 1987 DAVID K . SUNDERLAND , Col orado Springs , term expires 1 987 University-Wide Officers ARNOLD R . WEBER, Presid ent of t h e University; Professor of Economics, UCB ; Professor of Public Affairs, UCD . B.A., M.A., U niversity of Illinois; Ph.D. , Massachusetts I nstitute of Techn o logy. C . WILLIAM FISCHER , Vice P resid ent for Budget and Finance; Pro f essor Attendant Rank of Public Affairs. B.A., Muskingum College; M.P.A., Harvard University. HUNTER RAWLINGS , Acting Vice President for Academic Affairs; P rofessor of Classics. B.A., Haverford College; Ph. D . , Prin ceton University. OLIVER M . SHERMAN , Vice President for External Affairs. THEO . VOLSKY , JR., Vice P resident for Administration; Pro fessor of Psychology. B.S., M.S., Kansas State University; Ph.D., University of Minnesota. H. H. ARNOLD , Executive Secretary of the Board of Regents and of the University. B.A., LL.B., University of Colorado . EDWARD W . MURROW, Assistant Vice President for Finance and Treasurer . B . S., University of Colorado . CUDenver Officers DWAYNE C . NUZUM, Acting Chancellor; Professor of Architec ture . AlA, A ICP. B . Arch., University of Colorado ; M . (Arch.) , Massachu setts I nstitute of Technology; Doctoral (Town Plan ning), Delft Technical University (The Netherlands). R egistered Architect: Colorado, Virginia. JOHN G. WEIHAUPT , Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs; Professor of Geology. B.S., M . S . , University of Wisconsin , Madison; M.S. , Ph. D., University of Wiscon in, Milwaukee. JOSE P H J . GEIG E R , Vice Chancellor for Administration and Fin ance; Associate Professor of Public Affairs. B.S. , M . B .A., Ed. D., University of Colorado. DAVID GRE E NFIELD , Associate Vice Chancellor for Academi c Affairs; Dean , The Graduate School; P rofessor of Biology. B . A., California State University; Ph. D . , University of Washi n g ton. BRUCE W. B E RGLAND , Assistant Vice Chancellor for Acad e mic Aff airs; Associate Professor of E d ucat i o n . B . S . , Iowa State University; Ph.D . , S t anford University. CU-Denver Academic Officers FERNIE BACA, Acting Assistant Dean for R esearch , The Graduate Sc h ool; Associate Professor of Education, B . A ., University of Northern Colorado; M.A., Ph.D., University of Col orado . Administrative Officers I 5 PAU L E . B ARTLETT, Resident Dean, College of Engineerin g and Applied Science; Professor of Civil Engineering. B .S. (C.E), B.S. (Bus.), M.S. (C.E.) , University of Colorado. Professional Engineer: Col orado. BETTIE R . HELSER , Acting Dean, School of Education; Associate Professor of E d ucation. B.S.E., M.L.S., M.S., Kansas State Teachers College; Ed. D., University of Colorado. MARSHALL KAPLAN, D ean, Grad u ate School of Public Affairs; Professor of Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., Boston University; M.C.P . Massachusetts Institute of Technology. SHIRLE Y W. JOH N STON, Acting Dean , College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; Associate Professor of English. B.A., M.A., University of D enver ; Ph.D., University of New Mexico. ROY PRITTS , Acting Resid ent D ean , College of Music; Associate Professor of Music. B .Mus.Ed., M .A., University of Denver. Member and Edu cation Committee, Audio Engineering Society. DANIEL J . SCHLER , Acting D ean , College of Design and Plan ning; Professor of Planning and Community Development. B.D., Eden Seminary; B .S., M.S., Ph. D . , University of Missouri. DONALD L. STEVENS, R esident Dean, College of Business and Administrat i o n and Graduate School of Business Administration ; Professor of Finance. B.A., M.B.A., Ph.D . , Michigan State University. GEORG E H . WAYNE, Acting D ean of Stud ent Academic Services. B.A., University of Nebraska; M.P.A. , University of Colorado ; M.A., Ed. D., University of Denver . CUDenver Administrative Officers GEOR GE AUTOBEE, Acting Director of Affirmative Action; B.A., University of Southern Colorado; M .A., Univer sity of Northern Colorado. BARBARA BARROW, Director , Office of Public Information and Publ ications. B.S., University of Wisconsin; M.A., University of Colorado. WILLIAM D. BOUB, Dire ctor, Division of Continuing Education. B .S., Kansas State Teachers College; M . S . , University of Illinois. PATRICI A SENN BREIVIK, Director , Auraria Library; Pro fessor. B.A., Brooklyn College; M.L.S. , Pratt I nstitute; D.L.S., Columbia University. GE ORG E L. B U R NHAM, Director , Office of Admissions and Records. B . A., William jewell College; M.A., University of Kansas City. JANICE A. CAS SIN, Director , Budget Office. B.A., M .P.A., State University of New York. WILLARD R . CHAPPELL , Director, Center for Environmental Sciences; Professor of Physics. M .A., Harvard University; B . A., Ph. D., University of Colorado. LIZ A E ILERS , Acting Director , Women' s Center. B.S. , Missouri S t ate University; M.A. , University of Col orado . GEORGE E . FUNKEY, Director, Comp uting Services. B.S., M .S., Michigan Techno logical University. C E CIL E. GLENN , D i rector, Educatio nal Opportunity Pro grams. B.S., TenneseeA & I State U n iversity; M.A., Northea tern lllinois State College; Ed.D., University of Colorado. G E ORGE GREER , Director, Veteran ' s Affairs. B.A., Metropolitan State College.

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6 I University of Colorado at Denver GEORGE H. HAGEVIK, Director , Institute for Urban and Public Policy Research; Associate Professor Attendant Rank o f Public Affairs. B.A., M.A., University of Washington; Ph. D., University of North Carolina . RALPH E. HENARD, Director , Academic Planning . B . D., Hartford S eminary; B.A., Adrian College; M . A., Ph. D., University of Colorado . KENNETH E. HERMAN, Director of Finance and Controller. B.S. (Bus.), University of Colorado. KATHY R. JACKSON, Director, Academic Center for Enrichment, B.A., Trenton State College; M . A., University of North ern Colorado. ROBERT M. LITCHARD, Director, Development and Alumni. B.S. , M.S., Springfield College. MAUREEN McDONALD, Alumni Coordinator and Director of the Annual Fund. B . A., Was hington University, St. Louis. JANET L. MICHALSKI, Director, Center for Internships and Cooperative Educatio n . B.A., M.A., Wayne State University. ELLIE MILLER, Director, Office of Financial Aid/ Student Employment. B.A., University of Colorado . T. MICHAEL SMITH, Director, Cent e r for Community Developm ent and Design. B . S . , University of Colorado .

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THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER: AN URBAN UNIVERSITY CAMPUS The University of Colorado at Denver (CU-Denver) is one of four campuses of the University of Colorado. The urban, nonresidential campus is located in downtown Denver and is easily accessible to commuters. It is close to major business and government offices in downtown Denver, as well as to civic and cultural centers. CU-Denver is one of the largest state-supported institutions of higher education in Colorado, with an average of 11,500 students enrolled during a semester. Many students work full time or part time while pursuing degrees because of the availability of part-time educatio n . The CU-Denver Administration Building is located at 1100 Fourteenth Street, although several of the administrative offices are located at 1250 14th Street, one block north. CU-Denver shares library, laboratory, classroom, and recreation facilities with the Denver Auraria Community College and Metropolitan State College on the Auraria Higher Education Center campus. Academ i c Program s CU-Denver is committed to meeting the needs of the metropolitan Denver community. Academic, public service, and research activities are geared to the demands of the urban population and environment. Both traditional and uniquely urban fields of study are available. Stud ents enrolled at CU-Denver can earn under graduate degrees in some 40 fields and graduate degrees in some 56 fields. The colleges and schools are: College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration College of Design and Planning School of Education College of Engineering and Applied Science College of Liberal Arts and Sciences College of Music Graduate School Graduate School of Public Affairs CU-Denver has kept pace with demand for education which leads to improved professional opportunity in the Information Age. Many programs emphasize practical business world applications, and all CU-Denver students are given the opportunity to attain computer literacy. Specific computer-orie nted academic programs are offered in the Computer Science (Engineering), Applied Mathematics (Liberal Arts and Sciences), and Information Systems (Business) programs. The undergraduate colleges adrnit freshman and transfer stu dents and offer programs leading to the baccalaureate degree in the arts, sciences, humanities, business, engineering, and music. The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences also provides pre-professional training in the fields of education, law, journalism, and the health sciences (i.e., pre-medical, dental, nursing, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine). The School of Education offers programs leading to teacher certification. The Graduate School offers mas ter's programs in the arts, sciences, humanities , engineering, business, education, and music to students with baccalaureate degrees. At the present time Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the corresponding Boulder campus department . However, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver, and the research adviser may be a member of the CU-Denver faculty. The College of Design and Planning, the Graduate School of Business Admin istration, and the Graduate School of Public Affairs provide programs leading to the master's degree in their specialized areas. The Graduate School of Public Affairs also offers a doctorate in public administration. For complete bachelor's and master ' s degree programs offered by CU-Denver, see the Degree Programs at a Glance chart at the beginning of this bulletin. The college a n d school sections of this bulletin describe specific policies on requirements for graduation , course requirements for various majors, course load policies, and similar information. Course offerings appear in a separate section of this bulletin. Stud e nt s Highly motivated people from all walks of life make up CU Denver' s student body. The diversity of backgrounds, interests, occupations , and ages stimulates a unique learning experience for the men and women enrolled at CU-Denver. Students range in age from 16 to 70. Approximately two-thirds of the students hold full-time jobs and 67 percent are enrolled at the upper division or graduate levels. In order to give students maximum flexibility in planning both educational and employment goals, more than half of the courses are offered during the evening hours. Students may begin studies in most areas at the beginning of the fall or spring semester, or the summer term. U niversi ty of Colo rado System As one of four campuses of the University of Colorado, CU Denver has a special role and mission in Colorado higher educa tion. The University was founded in Boulder in 1876, and the

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8 I University of Colorado at Denver .. University of Colorado at Boulder now serves over 22,000 stu dents enrolled in undergraduate, graduate , and professional pro grams. The Health Sciences Center in Denver provides education and training to medical, dental, nursing, and allied health person nel. The University of Colorado at Colorado Springs serves more than 5,500 students in the Pikes Peak region, offering under graduate, graduate, and professional programs. CU-Denver' s spe cial role within the University system is to provide urban-oriented educational programs for students in the Denver metropolitan area. Emphasis is on professional and pre-professional training. CU-Denver students have access to the library resources of all campuses and cultural events sponsored within the University system. The official transcript of any student who first enrolled in the spring semester 1978 or afterwards and who graduates from an undergraduate program at CU-Denver will indicate that the degree was conferred at Denver. Faculty and Accreditation More than 280 highly qualified faculty members teach full time at CU-Denver; 83 percent have doctoral degrees. The faculty is alert to the challenges of the urban environment and responsive to the needs of the commuter student. CU-Denver.is accredited by or holds membership in the following organizations : ACCREDITATION North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools Accrediting Commission on Education for Health Services Administration American Society of Landscape Architects The College of Design and Planning is recognized by the Amer-ican Planning Association National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education National Architectural Accrediting Board See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section of this bulletin for the programs accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engi neering and Technology National Association of Schools of Music National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration MEMBERSHIP Association of Urban Universities American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegi-ate Schools of Planning Council of University Institutes for Urban Affairs American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education Auraria Higher Education Center The Auraria Higher Education Center is the site for the Univer sity of Colorado at Denver, Metropolitan State College, and the Denver Auraria Community College. The three institutions share library, classroom , and related facilities on the Aura ria campus, a 171-acre site in downtown Denver. Certain courses and programs are cooperatively offered. On the Auraria campus are administrative and classroom buildings , the Auraria Library, the student center , book cente r , child care and development centers, physical education facilities, science building, and service buildings. The new buildings share the campus w.ith reminders of Den ver's pasthistoric Ninth Street Park, restored church buildings, and the Tivoli brewery built in 1882. The Tivoli has been newly renovated into a complex containing specialty shops, restaurants , and entertainment. Affirmative Adion/Equal Opportunity The University of Colorado at Denver adheres to a policy of equal opportunity in education and in employment. In pursuit of this policy, no CU-Denver department , unit , discipline, or employee shall discriminate against an individual or group on the basis of race, sex, creed, color , age, national origin, or individual handicap. This policy applies to all areas of the Uni versity affecting present and prospective students or employees. The institution ' s educational programs, activities, and services, offered to students and/or employees are administered on a non discriminatory basis subject to the provisions of Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amend ments of 1972, and Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. A CU-Denver Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Program has been established to implement this policy. For information about these provisions on equity, discrimination, or fairness, consult the Affirmative Action/Equal Employment Opportunity Director at CU-Denver. Research and Public Service Academic programs, public service, and research activities at CU-Denver are oriented toward the needs of the urban popula tion and environment, and to concerns and issues of importance to Colorado and the region. Activities in research and public service encompass both traditional and nontraditional fields of study, but predominantly focus on issues that are related to Colorado needs. During 1983-84, CU-Denver faculty received awards totaling $1,656,308 for research and public service programs. These dol lars, from public and private sources, support research and public service work which is of direct benefit to the State of Colorado. Such activities have brought CU-Denver into close working rela tionships with representatives of city, county, and state govern ment units, as well as many individual citizens. Current r esearc h activity covers such diverse areas as geo technical engineering, environmental sciences, bilingual teacher training , early childhood/special education, community develop ment and design, cooperative education programs , minority edu cation projects , seminars for executives in state and local government, and health administration . The graduate health administration program in the Graduate School of Business Administration is fulfilling the growing need for health care managers who are capable of managing and direct ing health care institutions , as well as recognizing the implications of their decisions for the broader system of delivery in the com munity. Under investigation is the synthesis of management con cepts and techniques that are applicable to any economic organization , and tools that can be specifically applied to health and health service systems. This research emphasizes skills which heighten basic analytic and decision-making processes used by top level managers in the health care field.

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In engineering, faculty are looking at soil behavior as it relates to earthquakes, dams, waterways, winds and oceanic activity. They also are contributing to design and safety plans in mine structures for oil shale processing , construction techniques which would lengthen the life and serviceability of highways, numerical solutions to partial differential equations , and neuromagnetism. Natural and physical sciences faculty are investigating the gas phase and related studies of organosilicon compounds, lead effects on the nervous system, a cellular analysis, neural mechanisms of behavioral plasticity , volcanic geology of Marie Byrd Land and its relationships to glacial and tectonic history in west Antarctica , and the paleoecological investigation of the Minturn Formation , Colorado, which involves the study of old marine sediments and their contained marine fossils. The objective i s to complete the reconstruction of certain marine habitats and to docum ent deposits showing the transition from the marine environment to land and to establish a picture of zonation in ancient habitats. CU-Denver has recently developed a strong research program in applied mathematics. Mathematics Clinics investigate contemporary societal issues through the application of mathematical concepts to specific problems . Other research includes the development of fast algorithms for the numerical solution of PDEs on super computers , the analysis and development of combinatorial algorithms used in scheduling artificial intelligence, and the applications of discrete mathematics to.problems in ecology, engineering, and computer science. The Center for Environmental Sciences has been in operation since 1970. Research projects currently underway include the acidification status of Colorado lakes , the development of a quality control protocol for application in pattern recognition in simplifying the task of environmental analysis, nutrient composition data, and ongoing projects in oil shale, pollution of ground water by uranium tailings, and ideas for renovating wastewater. This work greatly influences Colorado development issues, and is conducted in close communication with industry and various public interest groups in order to consider e nvironmental issues in a complete context. The Center for Community Development and Design continues to be a major public service outreach resource for CO Denver . The Center provides expertise in the areas of design, planning , and community development , as well as public service, applied research, and educationa l and technical assistance to local governments and community organizations in Denver and throughout Colorado. Projects which have been undertaken include technical assistance to merchants ' associations and small businesses in Denver ' s older neighborhoods, mainstreet redevelopment , design communication processes for the visually impaired , Denver ' s energy demonstration program , growth impact studies, economic development strategies, and recreational plans. The communities and neighborhoods , students and faculty work together to help community leaders plan for solutions and ways to fund needed projects . As a result, the community receives the guidance it needs, and CO-Denver's academic program s in the College of Design and Planning are enriched by the practical involvement of students in these projects. The Center for the Improvement of Public Management and the Center for Public-Private S ector Cooperation were established by the University to fulfill a vital public need. That is, both Genera/Information I 9 are helping the public and private sectors convert environmental, energy, and economic development conflicts into opportunities for the state and its residents. The Center for the Improvement of Public Management is focusing its efforts on increasing the management and analytical skills of state / county and local government officials and staff. The Center for Public-Private Sector Cooperation is directing its activities toward increasing understanding between the public/private sector , by fostering a range of collaborative efforts between state/local government and private firms. I. ADMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES All questions and correspondence regarding admission to CODenver and requests for application forms should be directed to: Office of Admissions and Records University of Colorado at Denver P . O . Box 1469 Denve r , CO 80201-1469 (303) 556-2660 General Policies CU-Denver seeks to identify applicants who are likely to complete an academic program successfully. Admission decisions are based on many factors, the most important being : I. Level of previous academic performance. 2 . Evidence of scholarly ability and accomplishment, as indicated by scores on national aptitude tests. 3 . Maturity , motivation , and potential for academic growth. CU-Denver reserves the right to deny admission to new applicants or readmission to former stu dents whose total credentials indicate an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essentia l by the University in order to carry out its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution . Applicants who request degree programs unavailable at CO Denver will be considered for admission to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences with an undetermined major . Admission of Undergraduate Degree Students RECEIPT OF DOCUMENTS DEADLINES Undergraduate Fall Spring Summer Students 1985 1986 1986 New Students July 22 Dec. I May3 Transfer Students july 22 Dec. I May3 International Students May29 Oct.30 March 12 Former University of Colorado Students July 22 Dec. I May3 lntrauniversity Transfer Students 60 days prior to the beginning of the term The University reserves the right to change documents/credentials deadlines in accordance with enrollment demands. Applicants should apply as early as possible. Updated information is available from the Office of Admissions and Records (303) 556-2660. ALL documents required for admission must be received by the Office of Admissions and Records by the DEADLINE for an applicant to be considered for the term desired. Applicants who are unable to meet the deadline may elect to have admission consideration made for a later

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10 I University of Colorado at Denver term. Transfer students are reminded that sufficient time should be allowed to have transcripts sent from institutions attended previously, and foreign students are advised that it usually takes 120 days for credential s to reac h the Office of Admissions and Records from international locations. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR FRESHMEN New freshmen may apply for admission to the Colleges of Business and Administration , Engineering and Applied Science, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music. 1. General Requirements. I The applicant must be a high school graduate or have been awarded a High School Equivalency Cer tificate by completing the General Education Development (GED) Test. Applicants with a High School Equivalency Certifi cate must have an average standard score of 45 with no one score below 36 on each section of the GED test to be considered for admission. Applicants who have completed the Spanish Lan guage General Educational Development Test must also submit scores from Test VI, "English as a Second Language." Applicants should have completed a minimum of 15 units of acceptable secondary school (grades 9-12) credit. Students apply ing for admission to the Colleges of Engineering and Business must have completed a minimum of 16 units of acceptable sec ondry school credit. A unit of credit is one year of high school course work. While the College of Liberal Arts and Science s does not specify particular units, the other undergraduate colleges have the following requirements: College of Business and Administration English (one year of s peech/debate and two years of composition are strongly recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mathematics (including at least two years of algebra and one year of geometry) . ........... . ................................... ... 4 Natural sciences (laboratory type) . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . . . . . . . 2 Social sciences (including history) ......................... . ...... . 2 Electives ............ ....... ......... . . ..... . . ............ . .... 4 (Additional courses in English, foreign language, mathematics, natural or social sciences, not to include business courses.) Total 16 School or College English Mathe-Natural Social Foreign Other (total units ) matics S c i ence Science Language 1 unit of academic elective Business 4 • 4 3b 2 2 (not (16) including high school business courses) Engineering I unit of 4 4 C 3d 2 2 academic (16) elective Liberal Arts and 4 3 3 2 2 Sciences (14) Music (15) 4 3 3 2 2 1 unit in the Arts •includes two units of composition and one unit of oral communications bincludes two units of laboratory science cincludes one unit of trigonometry and analytical geometry dincludes one unit of physics and one unit of chemistry. Total Natural Science requirement must include two units of laboratory science. College of Engineering and Applied Science2 English (literature, composition, grammar) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mathematics distributed as follows: Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Additional mathematics (trigonometry recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . I Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social studies and humanities (Foreign languages and additional units of English, history, and literature are included) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives ................................. . ........... . .... . . . _] Total 16 College of Music English ... . ....................... . . ................ ... ....... 3 Theoretical music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l Physical science .................•...•............... Social science ..............................•...... . Foreign language .................................•.. Mathematics ............................ .........• . . 8 Additional high school academic units .............. . ....... ...... ___i Total 15 'Beginning in the Fall S emester 1988, freshmen entering the University of Colorado will b e required to meet the following University-wide minimum academic prepara tion: 4 years of English (with emphasis on composition), 3 years of college pre parat ory mathematics (excluding business and consumer mathematics) , 3 years of natural science including one year o f U.S . or world his t ory .. and 2 years of a single foreign l a nguage. The University of Colorado at Denver will require units of credit indicated in the following chart: 2See the College of Engineering and Applied Science section o f this bulletin for more specific inf orma tion , and for new high school requirements effective Fall 1987.

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It is expected that all students will have had previous experience in an applied music area. Two years of piano training are recommended. The College of Music requires an audition of all entering freshmen and undergraduat e transfer students. In lieu of the personal audition, applicants may substitute tape recordings (about 10 minutes in length) with a statement of excellence by a qualified teacher. Interested students should write to the College of Music, CU-Denver, for audition infotmation and applications. 2. All Applicants. All applicants who meet the above require ments are classified in two ways for admission purposes: a. Preferred consideration is given to a ppli cants who rank in the upper half of their high sc hool graduating class and have a composite score of 23 or higher on the American College Test (ACT), or a combined score of 1000 or higher on the Scholasti c Aptitude Test (SAT). However, busin ess and engineering applicants are expect ed to have a strong mathe matics and scie nce background, higher class rank and higher test scores. Music applicants also must s uc cessfully pass a music a u dition. b . Applicants who rank in the lower half of their high schol graduating class, and/or have combined SAT scores below 1000 or a co mposit e ACT score below 23, and/or do not have IS units of acceptable high school credit are reviewed on an individual basis. How to Apply I. Students s hould obtain an Application for Undergraduate Admission from their Colorado high school counselor or the CU Denver Office of Admissions and Records . 2. The application must be co mplet ed in full and se nt to the Office of Admissions and Records . A $20 (subject to change) nonrefundabl e application fee must accompany the application . An applicant who is granted admission , but who is unable to e nroll for the term applied for, will hav e the $20 fee valid for 12 months, provid e d the applicant informs Admissions and Records that he or she intends to enroll for a later term . 3. Students are r e quir ed to have their high school sen d a n officiall transcript of their high sc h ool grades, including class rank , to the Offi ce of Admissions and Records. 4 . Students also are required to take either the American Col lege Test (ACT) or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and req u est that test sco res b e sent to CU-Denver (ACT code 0533 or SAT code R 4875) . High sc hool st ud ents may obtain information from their counselors regarding when and where tests are given. Applicants who took one of these tests earlier and did not desig nate CU D enver to receive scores must request the testing agency to se nd scores to CU-Denver. This is done by completing a R equest for Additional Score Report avai l able at test centers or from the offices listed below. R egistration D e partm en t American College Testing Program (ACT) P . O . Box414 I owa City, Iow a 52240 College Entrance Examination Board (SAT) P.O. Box 592 Princ eto n , New J ersey 08540 Gene ra/Inf ormation I 11 College Entrance Examination Board (SAT) P.O. Box 1025 B erkeley, California 94704 5. Students who did not graduate from high schoo l are required to send a copy of their GED test scores and GED certificate to the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records . All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorado and must remain on file. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER STUDENTS Transfer students may app l y for admissio n to the Colleges of Busin ess and Administration, E ngin eering an d Applied Science , Liberal Arts and Sciences , and Music . Students interested in the field of education should contact the School of E du cation office for information (556-2717) . Int ernational st ud ents see that head ing in this secti on of the bulletin. Transfer students a re given priority consideration for admis sion as follows : I . College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and College of Musi c . Transfer applicants must have at least a 2.0 cumulative college grade-point average (on a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted a nd mu st be e ligible to return to all i n stitutions previously attended. Cours e work in progress cannot be used in calcu l ating the cum u lativ e average. Music applicants also must pass successfully a music audition. Conta ct the College of Music for audition infor mation (556-2727) . 2. College of Business and Administration. Applicants to the College of Business must hav e at least a 2 . 6 cumulative grade point average (o n a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted and must be eligible to return to all institutions previously attended. Students must have earned a C (2. 0) or better in all business co u rses completed. Preferr e d consideration is given to transfer applicants who have completed more than 45 semester credit hours for busin ess at an institution of university rank or who have com pleted at least 45 semes ter credit hours (68 quarter hours) at a two-year college or a four-year state college. 3 . College of Engineering and Applied Science. Applicants to the College of Engineering should have at least a 2. 75 cumu la tive grade-point average (o n a 4.0 scale) for all work attempted, should hav e completed two semes ters of calculus and physics , and must be eligi ble to return to all institutions previously attended . Important Note: Applicants who do not meet/he above grade point average or credit hour requirements will still be considered for admission, but on an individual basis. The primary factors used when consid ering students individually are (I) probability of success in the academic program to which admission is desired; (2) the quality of prior academic work; (3) age, maturity , and non collegiate achievements; and (4) time elapsed since last attendance at previous colleges. How to Apply I. The student should obtain a transfer application from the CU-Denver Offi ce of Admissions and R ecor ds . 'OfTicial transcripts are tho s e sent by the issuing institution directly t o the Oflice of Admissi o n s at CU-Denver . H andcarried copies are not ofTicial.

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12 I University of Colorado at Denve r 2. The application form mu st b e complet e d and r eturned to the Offic e of Admissions and Records with the require d $201 nonre fundabl e application fee. 3 . The student is re quir e d to h ave two offi ciaJ2 transcripts sent to the Office of Admissions and R ecor d s from each collegiate institution attended . If a student is currently e nroll e d , a tr a n scri pt listing all courses exce pt tho se t a ken in th e final t e rm s hould b e se nt. Another tr a n scri pt mu st be submitted after completion of the final term. (Tra n sc ript s from for eign institutions must be prese nted in the origina l languag e and accompanied by a ce r tified literal English tr a n s l a tion.) Lib era l arts and music applicants with fewer than 12 semester hours (18 quarter h o urs) of college work completed also must submit a high sc hool transcript and ACf or SAT test sco r es. ALL business and engineering applicants with f e wer than 24 semester hours a l so must subm it high school tra n scripts nnd ACf/ SAT scores (regardless of the number of semester hours co mpl eted) . Applicants to th e College of Liberal Arts a nd Sciences s hould be aware that th e College r e quir es e lem e n tary profici ency in a foreign languag e for graduation . Applicants to the College have fulfilled this r e quir eme nt if th ey h ave completed thr ee years of any classi ca l or modem foreign languag e in high sc h oo l a nd present a high school transcript to th e College Advising Offic e for verifica tion . For further information, stud en t s s hould contact the College Advi s ing Offi ce, 556-2555 . All credentials presented for admission become the property of the University of Colorad o and must remain on fil e . Transfer of College-level Credit The Offic e of Admissions and R ecor d s and the appropriate academic unit will determine which courses taken a t a n ot her institution can b e applie d to a d egree progr am at CU-Denver after all official transcripts hav e b een received and th e applicant has been admitted as a degree st ud e nt . In general, tr ansfe r credit will b e acce pted insofar as it m ee t s the d egree , grade , a nd r esidence require m en ts at CU-Denver . College-level c r edi t may b e t ra n sfer r e d to the University if it was ea rned at a college or univ ersity of recognized s t a nding, by advaneed plac e m e nt examinations, or in military service or schooling as recommended by th e Commission on Accreditation of Servic e Experienc es of th e American Council on Education ; if a grade of Cor higher was attained ; and if th e credit i s for courses appropriate to th e d egree sought a t this ins titution . Courses t ake n Pass/Fail are tran sferre d wh e n a gra d e of Cor higher is required to pa ss. The Univer s ity may accept up to 72 se m este r c r e dits (108 quarter hou rs) of work from a two-year institutio n tow ard the ba cca laur ea t e degree requirements and ma y acce pt up to 112 semester c r edits (153 quarter h ours) from a four -yea r college or univ e rsity. No cre dit is a llow e d for vo cationa l / t ec hni ca l , remedial , or religious/doctrinal work. A maxim um of 60 semester credits of ex ten sion a nd correspondence w ork (not to includ e more than 30 semes ter cre dit s of correspondence) ma y be allowed if the above co ndition s are met. The College of Bus ine ss a nd Administration ge n e r ally limits tran sfer cre dit for business courses tak e n at th e l ower divi sio n level. All courses in the area of e mphasi s mu st b e taken at t h e University of Color ado. A maximum of 60 se m es t e r hour s (90 quart er hours) of work f ro m a two-yea r institution may b e a ppli e d toward baccalaureate degr ee r e quirements . All correspondence courses are e v alua t e d to d e t e rmine their acceptability, and busi ne ss courses may not be taken through correspondence. Th e College of Music requires that 56 of th e hours ne e ded for gr a du at ion b e co mpleted in re s idence . This total may be reduced by th e faculty on th e basi s of exce llent work done at CU-Denver and high sc h o l a r s hip exhibited at previous institutions attended . In no case s hall th e minimum be fewer than 40 hours distributed over thr ee semesters. Readmi ssion Requirements for Former CU Students CU-Denver st ud e nts wh o hav e not regi s tered and attended cla sses at CU-Denver for one year or lon ger are former students and mu st formally apply for readmission. Former student applica tion forms a r e ava ilabl e at th e O ffice of Admi ssio ns and Records . Former stud e nt s who hav e atte nded another college or univer sity since last atten ding the Un ivers ity of Colorado must apply a s transfer s tud e nts and meet the transfer student R ece ipt of Docu ment s deadlines . This requir es payment of th e $20t application fee and s ubmis s ion of offi c ial transcripts from all previously attend ed colleges and universities . Transcript s shou ld be sent to CU-Denv e r , Admissions Pr ocess ing , P . O . Box 1469, Denv er, CO 80201 1469. Stud e nt s who last attended less than one year ago but attended another co lleg e or univer s ity during th e interim are required to pay a $20 transfer a pplication fee. Tran scripts must be reque s t e d by the stu d e nt and se nt by the registrar of the other institution(s) to CU-D e nver Eval uation P rocessing, P . O. Box 1469 , Den ve r , CO 80201-1469 . International Students Int e rn ational Students are those students who require an "1-20" for atte ndan ce at CUD enver. All internation a l students, in addition to the requirements for domesti c st udent s, mu s t comp l y with th e requirements outlin ed in thi s sec tion . All international st ud ent a ppli can ts must (a) h ave earned a cumulative grade-point average of 2.75 or higher on all college work attempted , and (b) be e ligibl e for readmission at all collegiate institutions previously attended . Further , international student applicants who are c it izen s of non-English s peaking nations also must complete at least one full academic year (36 quarter hours or 24 semester hour s) a t another acc r edi t e d collegiate i n sti tution located within the U . S . Th ese st udi es must include at least 6 semester hours of English composition . English courses for foreign stude nt s or ESL pro gram s are not acceptable. TOEFL score s will be required when e du cationa l records do not indicate adequate profici e ncy in the English l anguage . TOEFL scores must b e 500 or higher to b e accepted as proof of English language profi cienc y . Applicants for the College of Liberal Art s and Sciences who have TOEFL scores of 525 or higher and who hav e outst andi ng academic records may b e consi d e red for without the 'Subj ec t t o c h a n ge . 2 Qffi cialtrans c ript s are th ose sent b y th e iss uin g i nstitution directly t o th e Office of Admissi ons a t CUDenver . H and carried copies are not official.

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above requirements of one full academic year at another accredited institution located within the U . S . However , those students who have never attended college in the U.S. or another country will be required to take the ACT' or SAT college entrance examinations. A detailed list of credentials and documents that are required to upport the application for admission for interna tional students is contained in the application package for interna tional applicants. Int ernatio nal st udent applicants should not use the standard undergraduate application form, but should use only the International Student Application for Undergraduate Admis sion which is provided by the Office of Admissions . Applications received after deadline dates will be returned. Graduate. International students who desire graduate study at CUDenver must possess an American baccalaureate (under graduate) degree, or its equivalent, and fulfill other requirements as designated by the graduate program to which they are applying. Applications can be obtained from the individual graduate schools . Application and credentials should be presented to the individual graduate school 6 months prior to the term for which the student is applyi ng . International students must be in a degree-seeking status . Non degree status is not available for fall or spring semesters. CU-Denver lntrauniversity Transfer or Change of Campus CU-Denver students may change colleges or schools within CU-Denver provided they are accepted by the college or school to which they wish to transfer . CUDenver lntrauniversity Transfer Forms may be obtained from the Office of Admissions and Rec ords. Students should observe application deadlines indicated in the current Schedule of Courses. Decisions on intrauniversity transfers are made by the coll ege or school to which the student wishes to transfer . CU-Denver students may change campuses by applying directly to the Admissions Office of the University of Colorado campus to which they wish to transfer. Change of Campus applications and deadline information also must be obtained from the campus to which the student is applying . Music students must pass an audition for the College of Music . Admission of Graduate Degree Students All correspondence and questions regarding admission to the graduate programs at CU-Denver should be direct e d to the fol lowing : Programs in Business Office of Graduate Studies Graduate School of Business Administration 623-4436 Programs in Design and Planning College of De s ign and Planning 556-2877 Programs in Public Affairs Graduate School of Public Affairs 556 2825 All Other Programs Th e Graduate School 556-2663 Genera/Information I 13 GRADUATE PROGRAMS As a principal part of its mission , CU-Denver offers graduate and professional-level programs for the co nv enie nc e of metro Denver re s idents . During the 1984-85 academic year , approx imately 39 percent of the student body was enrolled at the gradu ate level. Graduate degree programs are offered through The Graduate School by its member schools and colleges (School of Education , College of Engineering and Applied Science , College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, College of Music), and outside The Graduate School by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the College of Design and Planning and The Graduate School of Public Affairs . The particular admission and graduation require ments established by each of these academic units are detailed in the following sections of this bulletin. GRADUATE ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICATION DEADLINES Admission requirements and application deadlines vary according to the individual graduate program. The Graduate School has general admission requirements which are supple mented by s p ecific requirements of the major departments of graduate study (e.g., electrical engineering, education , English, etc.) . Applicants in the fields of education , engineering , and the arts, sciences , and humanities shou ld consult the general informa tion section of The Graduate School portion of this bulletin as well as the following s ections dealing with requir e m e nt s and deadlines for specific programs . Applicants in the fields of busi ness administration , public affairs , and de s ign and planning should refer to the sections of this bulletin on the Graduat e School of Business Administration , the Graduate School of Public Affairs , and the College of Design and Planning. High School Concurrent Enrollment High school juniors and seniors with proven academic abilities may be admitted to CU-Denver with special approval for one term only . Credit for courses taken may subsequently be applied toward a University degree program . For more information and application instructions, contact the CUDenver Office of Admis s ions and Records (303-556-2660). Admission of Non-degree Students All correspo nden ce and questions regarding admission as a non-degree student should be directed to the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records . Persons desiring admission as non-degree students for the pur pose of teacher certification should contact the School of Ed uca tion , 556-2717. REQUIREMENTS FOR NON-DEGREE STUDENT ADMISSION Undergraduate level Persons who want to take University courses but do not plan to work toward a University of Colorado degree may be admitted as non-degree students . Courses taken as a non-degree student are credited and can be used for transfer to other institutions or for professional improvement. Persons who do not have an under graduate degree are encouraged to apply to an undergraduate degree program rather than apply a s non-degree students. CU-

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14 I University of Colorado at Denver Denver will enroll persons without an undergraduate degree as non-degree students. I Persons with a baccalaureate degree who seek renewal of certification may be admitted as non-degree students. Non-degree students must maintain a grade-point aver age of 2.0 at CU-Denver. Non-degree status is not available to international students for fall and spring semesters. Graduate level Students who are not accepted to specific degree programs may enroll for course work as non-degree students. Several types of students make use of the non-degree student category. Among these are students who have attained whatever degree or creden tial status they feel is desirable , but who wish to take additional course work for professional or personal improvement; students who, for whatever reason (weak undergraduate background, change of discipline, or length of time since previous formal course work), feel the need to make up deficiencies before enter ing a degree program; and students who have not decided about entering a specific degree program. Such students should be aware that, generally, only a Limited number of course credits taken by a non-degree student may be applied toward a degree program. Also, a 2.0 minimum grade-point average must be maintained to permit continuing registration as a non-degree student. Non-degree status is not available to international stu dents except for summer term. HOW TO APPLY FOR NON-DEGREE STUDENT ADMISSION To apply for admission as a non-degree student, obtain a Non degree Student Application form from the Office of Admissions and Records . Return the completed application by the deadline for the term desired. A $5 nonrefundable application fee is required. No additional credentials are required. Applicants who seek teacher certification must apply separately to the School of Education and submit the required credentials. Non-degree stu dents are advised that registration for courses is on a space available basis. CHANGING STATUS FROM NON-DEGREE TO DEGREE STUDENT Non-degree students may apply for admission to an under graduate degree program by following the instructions outlined in the Non-degree to Degree procedures available from the Office of Admissions and Records. Academic credentials (i.e . , transcripts and/or test scores) and a $20 nonrefundable application fee also must be submitted . Non-degree students who are accepted as undergraduate degree students may generally transfer a limited number of semester credit hours for courses taken as a non-degree student to an undergraduate degree. program , with approval of the dean. Non degree students should consult with the college to which they are applying during the first semester of their enroll ment for the maximum number of semester credit hours acc e pt able toward a degree program as a non-degree student. (Stud e nt s enrolled as non-degree students prior to the fall semester of 1970 are subject to the policies in effect between January of 1969 and August of 1970) . Non-degree students may apply for admission to a graduate degree program by completing the application required by the particular program. The graduate dean , upon recommendation by the department, may accept up to 8 semester hours of credit toward the requirements for a master ' s degree for courses taken as a non-degree student at the University or at another recognized graduate school, or some combination thereof. The department may recommend acceptance of additional credit for courses taken as a non-degree student during the semester the student has applied for admission to the desired degree program . Official Notification of Admission Official notification of admission to CU-Denver as an under graduate , graduate , or non-degree student is provided by the Office of Admissions and Records on a Statement of Admission Eligibility Form . Letters from the various schools and colleges indicating acceptance into a particular program are pending sub ject to official notification of admission to the institution. Appli cants who do not receive official notification of admission within a reasonable period of time (approximately 3 weeks) after submit ting application materials should contact the Office of Admis sions and Records (303) 556-2660. Tentative Admission. Students who are admitted pending receipt of additional documents will be permitted one term to submit the documents. Registration for subsequent terms will be denied when documents have not been received. II. TUITION AND FEES Tuition and Fees All tuition and fee charges are established by the Board of Regents , the governing body of the University of Colorado, in accordance with legislation enacted annually (usually in the spring) by the Colorado General Assembly . The Regents reserve the right to change tuition and fee rates at any time. A tuition schedule is published prior to registration for each term, and students should contact the Office of Admissions and Records for further information on the tuition and fee charges for a particular term. The following rates are for the 1984-85 academic year and are provided to assist prospective students in anticipating cost. OTHER FEES2 I. Student Activity Fee (required for all students): Fall semester 1984 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $12.00 Spring semester 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . $12.00 Summer term 1985 ............ . . $ 5.00 2. Aura ria Bond Retirement Fee (required for all students) : Eac h term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $16 .00 'Eac h sc hool/college limit s th e num ber o f se m es ter ho u rs tmn s f c rabl c t o w a rd a d e gree progra m . S tudent s s hould co nta c t the school/colle-ge t o which the y will be applying ( as a d egree s tud e nt ) f o r info rm atio n a bout th e aL'Ceptable nu mber of ho u rs whi c h ma y be ta k e n as a non-d egree s tudent. 1Subj ee t to c ha nge

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Genera/Information I 15 FALL 1984 AND SPRING 1985 RESIDENT NON-RESIDENT CREDIT HOURS OF GRADUATE GRADUATE ENROLLMENT UNDERGRADUATE GRADUATE BUSINESS UNDERGRADUATE GRADUATE BUSINESS $ $ 0-1 43 so 2 86 100 3 129 ISO 4 172 200 5 215 250 6 258 300 7 301 350 8 344 400 9 387 450 10-15 453 578 Each Credit Hour Over IS 43 so 3. Student Information System Fee (required for all students each term): Freshmen and sophomores ......... $5.00 Juniors, seniors, graduate st udents, and non-degree students ........ . ...... $3.00 4. Matriculation Fee (mandatory for the first term for all new students): .................. $15.00 This is a non-refundable fee charged at the student's first registration to cover the costs of generating transcripts. 5 . Health Insurance Fee (optional): Fall and spring semesters ......... $64.50 Summe r term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4 7.40 Students who wish health insurance coverage must complete and submit a request card with the Bursar's Office before the end of the drop/add period. The insurance program primarily subsidizes major medical expenses according to the schedule of benefits stated in the insur ance brochure, which may be obtained from the Office of Student Academic Services. Dependent coverage (spouse and/or chil dren) also is available at an an additional charge. Further in forma tion on health insurance is available from the Office of Student Academic Services, 556-2861. 6 . Doctoral dissertation fee (mandatory for all students cer tified by The Graduate School for enrollment for doctoral disser tation). Students should contact The Graduate School for guidelines affecting charges for enrollment. 7 . Comprehensive examination fee: Any student in The Gradu ate School or Graduate School of Public Affairs must be enrolled during the term in which the Comprehensive Examination for an M.A. degree is completed. Students who are not taking regular courses durjng that term must enroll as "Candidate for Degree." Tuition for "Candidate for. Degree" enrollment is the applicable graduate resident tuition for one credit hour . 8. Laboratory breakage fee (mandatory for students enrolled in a chemistry laboratory course): Breakage deposit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $20 An $8 deduction is assessed for expendable items. The unused portion is returned at the end of the semester. 9 . Music laboratory fee (mandatory for College of Music stu dents and others enrolled in certain music courses): $ 54 108 162 216 270 324 378 432 486 620 54 $ $ $ 177 189 198 354 378 396 531 567 594 708 756 792 885 945 990 1,062 1 ,134 1,188 2,067 2 ,175 2 ,275 2 ,067 2,175 2,275 2 ,067 2 ,175 2 ,275 2 ,067 2 ,175 2,275 177 189 198 Music fee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $24 College of Music students and others enrolled in piano, sound recording and reinforcement, and electronic music must pay this fee. No student is charged more than one $24 fee during a given term. I 0 . Reinstatement fee: Paid by students who have been disen rolled, in addition to the original balance and interest before they may register for classes again or receive grades for completed work. Reinstatement fee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25 PAYMENT OF TUITION AND FEES All tuition and fees (except application fee) are assessed and payable when the student registers for the term, according to guidelines in the current Schedule of Courses. Arrangements may be made through the Bursar's Office at the time of registration to defer payment of part of the charges. Specific information on deferred payment is included in the Schedule of Courses pub lished before each semester or summer term. Students who register for courses are liable for payment of tuition and fees even though they may drop out of school. Refund policies for students who withdraw from the University are included in the Schedule of Courses. A student with financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to be graduated, or to be listed among those receiving a degree or special certificate. The only exception to this regulation involves loans and other types of indebtedness which are due after graduation . Personal checks are accepted for any University obligation. Any student who pays with a check which is not acceptable to the bank may be disenrolled and the original financial obligation still will exist. A service charge of $.15 will be added for returned checks. AUDIT To qualify as an auditor for fall or spring semester, a student must be 21 years of age or older . Auditors may not be registered for any other University of Colorado courses during the time they are auditing and are not eligible to audit courses if they are under

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16 I University of Colorado at Denver suspension from the University. The Records Office does not keep any record of courses audited ; therefore, credit for these courses cannot be established . Auditors may attend as many courses as they wish (except those courses with laboratories or wher e equip m ent is used), provided they have received permission from each instructor. Auditor ' s cards are issued after classes begin. This card should be presented to the instructor when requesting permission to attend a class. There is no auditor status in summer. Auditors , whether resi dent or nonresident, pay resident tuition for the audited courses during the fall or spring semester for class instruction and library privileges only. Auditors do not receive student parking privileges. Residency for Tuition Purposes Tuition classification is governed by CRS 23-7-101, et. seq. (1973) as amended . • Institutions of higher education are bound to the provisions of this statute and are not free to make exceptions to the rules set forth. The statute provides that an in-state student is one who has been a legal domiciliary of Colorado for one year or more imme diately preceding the beginning of the term for which the in-state classification is sought. Persons over 22 years of age or who are emancipated establish their own legal domicile. Those who are under 22 years of age and unemancipated assume the domicile of their parent or court appointed legal guardian . An unemancipated minor ' s parent must, therefore, have a legal domicile in Colorado for one year or more before the minor may be classified as an in state student for tuition purpose s . Domicile is established when one has a permanent place of habitation in Colorado and the intention of making Colorado true, ftxed, and permanent home and place of habitation . The tuition statute places the burden of establishing a Colorado domicile on the person seeking to establish domicile. The ques tion of intent is one of documentable fact and needs to be manifest by substantial connections with the state sufficient to evidence such intent. Legal domicile in Colorado begins the day subse quent connections with Colorado are made sufficient to evidence one's intent. The most common ties with the state are (I) change of driver's license to Colorado ; (2) change of automobile registration to C-olorado; (3) Colorado voter registration; (4) permanent employment in Colorado; (5) and most importantly , payment of state income taxes as a resident by one whose income is sufficient to be taxed. Caution: payment or filing of back taxes in no way serves to establish a legal domicile retroactive to the time filed. Military personnel should also: I . Pay the ownership tax on Colorado license plates. They should not take the military waiver on the ownership tax. This waiver requires an affidavit of nonresidence in Colorado. 2 . Change their state of legal residence for tax purposes to Colorado immediately upon forming intent to make Colorado their legal domicile. In order to qualify for in-state tuition for a given term, the 12-month waiting period (which begins when the legal domicile i s established) must be over by the first day of classes for the term i n question. If one's 12-month waiting period expires during a sem ester, in-state tuition cannot be granted until the next semester . Once the student's tuition classification is established, it remains unchanged unless satisfactory information to the con trary is presented. A student who, due to subsequent events, becomes eligible for a change in classification hom resident t'0 nonresident or vice versa must inform the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days afte r such a change occurs . An adult student or emancipated minor who moves outside of Colorado must send written notification to the Office of Admissions and Records within 15 days of the change. Onc e the s tud ent is classifie d as non-resident for tuition pur poses, i t is necessary to petition the Office of Admissions and R ecords for a change in classification. Petitions must be submit ted no later than two weeks before the first day of classes of the term for which the student wishes to be classified as a non resident so that the classification will be d e termined prior to registr ation and payment of fees. It is preferable for petitions to be received 30 days prior to the term. Late petitions will not be considered until the next semester. Ill. FINANCIAL AID AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER The financial aid program is designed to assist those students who would b e unable to attend the University without assistance . While the primary responsibility for meeting the costs of educa tion rests with individual students and their families, financial aid funds ar e offered to supplement whatever funds students and their families can provide. Since r e quests generally exceed the availability of funds, students and their families should be aware of proc edures and deadlines in order to receive maximum consid eration. Que stio n s and requests for forms should be directed to the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment at CU-Denver, Central Classroom Building, Room 105, 556-2886. Estimated Expenses Educational expenses at CU-Denver include tuition , fees, and the cost of books and related instructional materials . Students who do not live with their par ents must also include the cost of housing and food expenses. All students should consider trans portation and personal expenditures (i.e., clothing, entertainment, etc.) in determining their expenses. The Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment establishes standard budgets for dif f e rent types of students (depend ent students living at home with parents , single s tudents living away from home , married students, etc.) to bring a bout consistency and equity in determining the financial needs of all students. The standard budgets are estab lished in line with parameters set by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education and the U . S . Department of Education. For the 1984-85 academic year the standard budgets allowed $240 per month living allowance for dependent st udent s living at home, $520 per month for single st udents not living at home, and $775 per month for married students. An allowance of $140 per month was added per dependent child in the student's home. The living allowanc e included amounts for rent , food, utilities, per sonal expenses, and transportation . The approximate full-time cost of tuition, fees, and medical expenses for the 1984-85 aca demic year was $1,050 for a resident student and $ 4 ,24 0 for a 1A copy of the Colorado R evised Statut es (1973) , as amended , i s available in the University of Colorado at Denver Admissions Office.

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nonresident student. Graduate students were assessed $917 as residents and $4,515 as nonresidents . Books and supplies were estimated at $300 for the 1984-85 academic year. All expenses will increase slightly for the 1985-86 academic year. The State of Colorado and the Board of Regents usually set tuition guidelines and rates during the month of June for the summer and academic year. The standards for living allowances are usually set during the spring semester for the following sum mer and academic year. Students who have additional costs above the stan dard allowances can request a review of their situation b y the Financial Aid Committee . The committee must receive documentation of extra expenses and can consider an individual exception to the sta ndard allowances. Examples of these kinds of exceptions are bab ysitting expenses, and medical, dental, and optical expenses. Determination of Financial Need and Award Financial nee d is defined as the difference between the cost of attendance as defined by the institution (tuition and fees, books and supplies, room and board, transportation and essential inci d ental expenses) and total resources available to the student These resources include a family contribution (summer savings, t erm earnings, a spouse contrib ution , and a par ental contribu tion) and awards from agencies out side the University. Fin ancial need is determined by a national uniform nee d s analy s i s system adminis t ered by agencies such as the American College Testing Program. This system analyzes income and assets, family s ize, number of children in post-secondary education, student independence, etc., to d etermi n e a reasonable stu d ent and/or family contribution. After the financial need is d etermi ned and complete application mat erials have been received, stu dents are ranked in order of financial need and are aided accordingly until all funds are com mitted. The financial aid package normall y consists of a self-help compon ent (loans and/or employment) and a gift aid component (grants) proportionate to the available funds and to the numb er of needy students applying. A small portion of Colorado work-study funds is available to interested students who do not docum e n t financial need. How to Apply Application forms may be obtained by contacting the Office of Financial Aid/ Student Employment. Students are asked to com plete an institutional application and a needs analysis form. The application includes a checklist of other required documents to be s ubmitted. Parents are expected to contrib ute toward a student's educa tional costs. However , in certain cases students may be consid ered financially independent of their parents. To be eligible for financial aid as a self-supporting student, a student (I) cannot be claimed as a tax exemption, (2) cannot receive $750 or more, or (3) cannot live at home for more than six weeks for the year aid is received and for the entire preceding calendar year. For example, for a student to receive aid as a self-supporting student during the 1985-86 academic year, the above three criteria must be met for 1984 and 1985. Note: Requir emen t s for receiving aid as a selfsupporting stu dent are subject to change by the federal and state governments. Self-supporting students must document their s tatus by provid ing income tax forms or other suppo rting documents to show Genera/Inf ormation I 17 sufficient income to be self-supporting during the appropriate period of time. In some cases, additional documentation from parents is required to complete a student's application . The infor mation provided on the application for financial aid is analyzed according to the uniform needs analysis formula to determine the student's ability to contribute to his or her educational costs during the academic year. To be eligibl e for financial aid, students must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents or have a refugee visa. Eligible foreign stu dents are advised to include a photocopy of their visa cards with their applications to facilitate processing. In addition, students who are required to register for the draft through Selective Ser vice must be registered in order to be eligible for federal financial aid for the 1985-86 academic year. All students must sign a Statement of Selective Service Registration Compliance , and proof of registration may be required after July I , 1985. Application and Completion Dates A student may apply for a Pell Grant at a n y time up to May 1986. GSL applications must be submitted approximately 55 days before the end of the academic term. Other aid is offered o n a first-come, first-served basis to needy students who have com plete applications on file with the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. Students should have begun the application process by Febru ary I , 1985, and all materials should have been submitted to the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment and forms pro cessed by ACT and the Pell Grant contractor by early April 1985. In every case, the aid offered depends upon the student showing financial need and funds being available. Special Note: An application for financial aid does not con st itut e an application for admission to the University. Please contact the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records for application forms and procedures. Applicants will not receive financial aid until they are enrolled in a degree program at the University. Non-degree students are not eligible for most financial aid. A non-degree st udent may apply for a Guaranteed Student Loan for one academic term only. Types of Aid Available The following information is subject to change by state and federal law and regulation. SCHOLARSHIPS Colorado Scholarships. Colorado Scholars Awards provide tui tion and regular student fees for undergraduate students and are funded by the State of Colorado . Information and application materials are available in the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. Regents Scholarships. Regents Scholarships , funded by the State of Colorado, provide tuition and regular fees to new undergraduate students (freshmen and transfers) . The CU-Den ver Office of Admissions and Records should be contacted for further information. Deans Scholarships. Deans Scholarships, funded by the State of Colorado , provide tuition and regular student fees for under graduate students. Contact the Office of Financial Aid/ Student Employment for further information . I I

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18 I University of Colorado at Denver Anny Reserve Officer Training Corps. The Department of Mili tary Science offers students three-year, two-year, and one-year scholarships. These scholarships coyer all tuition and fees, books and supplies, and they provide a tax-free monthly stipend of $100. All advanced-course students (those enrolled in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. Upon completion of the ROTC curriculum, students are eligible for a commission in the Reserves, National Guard , or active Army. For more information, call629-3490, or visit 1059 9th Street Park. GRANTS Pel/ Grant ([omerly Basic Educational Opportunity Grant). The Pell Grant is a source of federal grant aid for which all students pursuing their first undergraduate degree may apply. Application can be made by submitting the Family Financial Statement or the separate Federal Student Aid Application. Application s can be obtained from the Office of Financial Aid/ Student Employment. Grant amounts vary depending on finan cial need, costs at the institution, and Congressional allocation. Colorado Student Grant. The Colorado Student Grant is an undergraduate grant for Colorado residents. This grant is based on financial need and funds are allotted to the University by the State of Colorado. Amounts vary from approximately $1 00 to $1, 000 per year. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants are undergraduate federal grants varying in amounts from $200 to $2,000 per year. These grants are based on student need and availability of funds. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents . Colorado Student Incentive Grant. This is the name given in Colorado to the federal program known as State Student Incen tive Grant. The program is for Colorado residents seeking their first undergraduate degree and who show substantial financial need. Awards range from $100 to $2,000 per year and are funded one-half by the State of Colorado and one-half by the federal government. Application for this grant is made by submitting the University application, the Family Financial Statement, and other required documents. Graduate Grant. Grants for graduate students are available on a limited basis and will be awarded to students as eligibility and funds allow. Application is made by submitting the University application, the Family Financial Statement , and other required documents . LOANS Colorado Guaranteed Student Loan Program. The primary purpose of this program is to make low-interest, long-term loans available to students to help them meet their postsecondary edu cational expenses. The student must first obtain an application from a participating lending institution or the Colordo Guaranteed Student Loan Program office. Some lenders provide the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment with a supply of application forms. Arrangements for repayment must b e made within four months after graduation or other termination of at least half-time studies. The student must contact the lender to arrange a repayment schedule . The interest rate under this plan is limited to 8 percent per annum simple interest for first-time borrowers {for previous borrowers , the interest rate will be 7 or 9 percent) . In return for its guarantee of a student's loan, CGSLP requires the student to pay in advance a guarantee fee equal to one percent per annum on the outstanding principal balance to cover the anticipated in-school period plus a six-month grace period and a 5 percent ( of the original principal amount) origination fee. If a student's family taxable income for the prior year was $30,000 or less, there is no financial need test and the student is eligible to borrow the loan. If the s tudent ' s family income was over $30,000, a financial need test must be done by the Office of Financial Aid. If the student shows financial need, then the stu dent is eligible to borrow the loan. All students should complete the Guaranteed Student Loan need analysis form and submit it along with the regular Guaranteed Student Loan application, the University GSL s upplement , and copies of family tax returns to the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment. The maximum an undergraduate student may borrow is $2,500 a year. A graduate or professional student may borrow up to $5,000 a year. The total which may be borrowed for under graduate study is $12,500 . The total for all undergraduate and graduate study is $25,000 . The government pays the interest on loans until the repayment period begins, six months after the student ceases to be at least a half-time student. Repayment is usually at the rate of $50 per month and cannot exceed ten years. National Direct Student Loan. The National Direct Student Loan i s a federal loan available to undergraduate and graduate students with financial need. A student may borrow up to {a) $3,000 during the freshman and sophomore years; {b) $6,000 total for undergraduate study; (c) $12,000 total for graduate and undergraduate study. Application for the loan is made by submitting the University Application for Financial Aid, the Family Financial Statement (FFS), and other required documents. Inter est and payment on the loan are deferred while the borrower is enrolled on at least a half-time basis at an approved institution of higher education . Interest at 5 percent per year begins to accrue 6 months after the borrower ceases to be at least a half-time student. Repayment is due at that time at the rate of $50 per month plus interest , and cannot exceed I 0 years. Parents Loans to Undergraduate Students! Auxiliary Loans to Assist Students. This type of loan aJiows parents to borrow funds for their dependent children , graduate students to borrow for their own educational costs, and undergraduate self-supporting students to borrow for their own costs. Repayment begins 60 days after disbursement , at 12% interest. Parents of dependent under graduate s tudents may borrow up to $3,000 per year. Graduate students may borrow up to $3,000 per year. Independent under graduates may borrow up to $2,500 per year; however, the PLUS loan, combined with any GSL, cannot exceed the yearly and total GSL undergraduate limits. PLUS loan borrowers must pay an insurance premium of up to I % of the total loan, collected in advance. EMPLOYMENT College Work-Study Program. The College Work-Study Pro gram is designed to provide jobs to undergrad uate and graduate students . The program is funded by the federal government and

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t h e State of Colorado . Employment is arranged whenever possible in the st u de n t's m ajor area of i n terest, with job opportunities bot h onand off-camp u s . Students are permitted to choose their own job from the eligible positions posted . Awards average up to $2,800 per academic year . For detai l s contact the Office of Stu dent Employment. App l ication for this aid is made by submitting t h e University App l icat i on for Financial Aid , the Family Financial S t a t ement , and ot h er required documents. Students and employers in the Work-Study Program are expected to assume res p onsibil i ties considered norma l in an e mployee-employer re l at i ons h ip. Part-time Student Employment. The Auraria Student Assis ta nce Ce n ter, Caree r Planni n g and P l acement Office, a n d the CU D enver Office of Student Employment assist students in obtain i n g p art -time emp l oyment other than that based on financial need. F u r th er information and /or app l ication may be obtained from these offices . OTHER SOURCES OF AID See the Office of Fin ancia l Aid for details of these programs: Bureau of I ndian Affairs. Grants are available to alive Amer i ca n students. Short-Tenn Loans. Small, temporary loans are made to stu d e n ts facing financ i a l emergencies. Thes e loans are to be repaid du ring the semester. Academic Requirements Stu dents receivi n g financia l aid must demonstra t e t hat they are mai n taining satisfactory academic progress a s defined by the Offi ce of Fina n cia l A i d/Student Emp l oyment. The satisfactory aca d emic progress sta n dards have three sections : I) A student m u st complete a minimum number of hours compared to hours atte m pte d eac h term b y ob t ain i ng a grade of D o r better if u n dergraduate , or a grade of Cor better if graduate; 2) A student mu st maintain a c u mu l ative grade-point average of 2.0 for under gra d uates and 3.0 for graduates; and 3) A student is eligible for fin a n cial aid only until a certain n u mber of credit hours have been earned. S tu dents s h ould obtain a complete copy of the current CU-Denver Satisfactory Progress Policy from the Offic e of Finan cia l Aid/Student Employment to determine their eligibility for fin a n cial aid. Colorado Scholars, Regents Scholars, Deans Scho l ars, P ell Grant, Guaranteed Student Loan , and PLUS loans may b e received by stude n ts who are e n rolled at least half time . Other aid may be received only by f u ll-time st u dents. Duration of Aid Financial aid is offered for one year at a time. Students must rea pply for summer and for e ach academic year, according to the estab l ished priority dates . Use of Funds All financial aid awards are to be us e d only for immediate e d ucational expenses. These expense s include tuition, fees , books , supplies, room and board , transportation , and essentia l miscellaneous expenses , such a s clothing, medical , etc. Refund s The University tuition refund policy is pub l ished in the Schedu l e of Courses for each term. For the fall1984 semester , the policy G enera/Information I 19 for refunds upon complete withdrawal from t h e U n iversity was 100 % min u s $2 5 refund if t h e student withdrew b efore the ter m began, 75 % of the total bill if the st u dent withdrew by the t h ir d day of the third week of classes, and 50% of the total bill if the student withdrew by the fourth week of classes. Stu dents receiv ing financial aid may be required to return any ref u nd to t h e University ' s financial aid accounts . Student Rights and Responsibilitie s S t uden t s h ave certain rights a n d respo n s i bi lit ies regar d i n g financial aid and student employment. Students may review applicable polic ies and procedures in the CU-Denver Office of Financial Aid / Student Employment. Specific application p ro cedures and policies are subject to change. Further Information and Application Forms Further information and application forms may be obtai n ed from the Office of Financial Aid/Student Employment , Central C l assroom Building, Room 105 , on the Auraria campus , o r by writing to O ffice of Financial Aid / St u dent Em p loyment, Univer sity of Colorado at Denver , 1100 Fourteenth Street , Denver , CO 80202. Perso n s i n the Denver metropolitan area are encouraged to vi it the office to receive application forms and informat i on; however , materials will be mailed upon request. Peer counselors and University counselors are available to discuss ind i vidual sit uations and aid eligibility. IV. REGISTRATION : SELECTING A PROGRAM AND COURSES Selecting a Program and Courses New and continuing CU-Denver students are urged to review Section V and t h e following sections of this bulletin . Section VII describes the traditional and nontraditional instructio nal pro grams available , and the sections which follow give information by schoo l or college on the various majors available, course requirements by major , graduation requirements, course load policies, and qther information and specific policies. Courses availab l e d u ring a particu lar semester or s u m mer term are listed in the Schedule of Courses, published several weeks before regis tration and availab l e from t h e Office of A d missions and Recor d s and the various deans' offices . Undergraduate students who need assistance in planning a program or selecting co u rses should contact the academic u nit i n which they are enrolled to arrange for a counseli n g appointment. The appoin t ment should be made prior to regist r atio n. Gra du a t e students should contact their grad u ate departme n t for assistance. Orientati on An orientation program for all new students is held at the beginning of the fall and spri n g semesters, p rior to the first day of classes. The program is co n ducted by the O ffice of t h e Dean of Student Aca d emic Services and t h e vario u s d eans ' offices, a n d introduces the programs, activities, and services available at CU-

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20 I University of Colorado at D enver D enver, in addition to provid ing information on degree require ments , and h ow to regis ter . CU-Denver conduc ts a common r egistration in cooperation with Metropolitan State Coll ege. R egist rati on involves th e follow ing p rocesses: ( 1) mail registration, (2) walk-in registration, an d (3) co u rse adjustment (drop/add). Students eligible for mail registra tion who choose to take advantage of this process ma y register and pay tuition and fees by mail. A walk-in registration will be available for st udent s who do not wish to , or are not eligible to, register by mail. For complete instruct ion s, students should refer to the Sched ule of Courses published at the beginning of each semester an d summer term . POOLED COURSES Certain courses in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences h ave been pooled with similar courses at Metropolitan State College. CU-Denver students may register for any of the poo l ed courses listed in the CU-Denver Schedule of Courses. How ever , CU Denver st ud e n ts are expected to take at l east half their hours in CU-Denver courses eac h term. INTERINSTITUTIONAL REGISTRATION CU-Denver degree students may e nroll for courses offered by the various campuses of the Community College of Denver . Stu dents must be enrolle d at CU-Denver for at least one course during the semester or summer term to be eligible to register interinstitutionally. No n-d egree students may not registe r inter institutionally. Registration is on a space available basis. Concurrent Enrollment Degree-seeking stude nts who wish to attend two Univ ersity of Colorado campuses concurrently mu st contact the Office of Admissions and Records on their own campus. Course Loads Student s wishing to take more than 18 semester hou rs ( 12 in the summer term) must ha ve the overload approved b y the D ea n of their college or sc hool. Th e st udent should obtain the Dean ' s signature on the Registration Form or Cou rse Change Form dur i ng Walk-in R egistra tion. Suggested maximum course loads for the fall and spring semesters fot unde rgra duate st udents who are em plo yed: Employed 40 or more hours per week: 6-9 semester hours 30-39 hours per week: 8-12 semester hours 20-29 hours per week10-14 semester hours I 0-19 hours per week: -18 semester hours Students must weigh their capabilities against the demands of each course. Definition of Fulland Half -Time Status for Financial Aid and Loan Deferment: Fall and Spring Undergraduates: Full time: Halftime : 12 or more semester units 6 or more semester units Graduates: Full time: Halftime: Summer Undergraduates: Full time: Halftime: Graduates: Full time: Halftime: 8 or more hours 4 or more hours 8 o r more semester units 4 or more semster units 5 or more hours J hours Individual exceptions to the minimum grad u a t e course lo ad levels are considere d for financial aid purpo ses by the Financial Aid Committee. Student s must file a written appeal with the Offic e of Financial Aid . V . ACADEMIC POLICIES AND REGULATIONS Advanced S tanding and Advanced Placement Credit Und ergradua te st ud e nt s may o btain credit for l ower-division courses in which t hey d emonstrate proficiency by examination. By passing an exa mination , the stude nt will b e given credit for th e course to satisfy lower division requirements and may be eligibl e to enroll in higher level courses than indicated by the st ud e nt ' s formal academic exp erience. Credit granted for courses by exam ination is tr eated as transfer credit wit h out a grade but does count toward graduation a nd other requ ir ements for which it is appro priate . There are three types of exami n ations as described below . ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM Th e Advanced Placement Program of the College Entrance Examinat i on Board (CEEB) allows students to take advanced work while in high schoo l and then b e examined for credit at the college level. Students who take advanced placement courses and subsequently receive scores of 3, 4 , or 51 on the CEEB Advanced Plac emen t Examinatio n are generally given college credit for lower level courses in which they have demonstrated proficiency and are grant e d advanced standing in tho se areas. Students with scores below 31 may be considered for a dvan ced placem ent b y the disciplin e conce rned. For more information contact your high school co unselor o r the Director of Admissions for CU-Denver. CREDIT BY EXAMINATION Degre e st udents may take examinations for cre dit. To qualify for an examination, th e . st ud ent must b e formally working toward a d egree at CU-Denver, have a grade-point average of at lea s t 2.0, and b e currently registered . Examina tion s are arranged through the Offi ce of Admissio n s and Records , and a nonrefun d able fee is charged . Student s s hould contact th e office of the dean of the academic unit in w hi c h they are enrolled . COLLEGE-LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM An exc iting c h alle ng e is availa bl e to incoming CU-Denver st u dents who may ea rn University credit b y examinat i on in subject areas i n which they have excelled at college-leve l proficiency. Int e r ested students are encouraged to tak e appropriate subject ' Student s in the College of Engineering and Applied Science must receive scores of 4 o r 5 for credit to be granted; students with scores of 3 may be con sidered by the departm ent con cerned . All credit mus t be validated by subsequent academic perfor m ance .

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examinations provid ed in the College -Level Examination Pro gram ( CLEP ) of the College Entrance Examination Board testing service. The cost for a s ingl e exa mination is $ 28 . For more infor mation call 556 2861. Stud e nt s wh o are int ereste d in CLEP exam ination s mu st con tact th e office of their sc h ool or college. Credit for Military Service and Schooling and ROTC MILITARY SERVICE AND SCHOOLING Appli cants with milit ary exp erie nce s hould s ubmit the follow ing with their application in order to have credit for educational experienc es eva luated : (I) a copy of DO Form 214 and (2) DO Form 295 , Application for the Evaluation of Education Experi e nc e During Military S e r vice. USAF p e rsonnel may present an official transcri pt from the Community Coll ege of the Air Forc e in lieu of th e DO F o rm 295. Cr e dit will be awarded as recommended by the Commi ssion o n th e Accreditation of S ervice Experiences of the American C o uncil on Education to the extent that s u ch credit is applicable to the degree so ught at CU-D enve r . Credit for c ourses completed through the U . S . Armed Forces Institute will b e evaluated on th e same ba sis as tran sfer credit from co llegi a te institution s . RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS (ROTC} Stud e nt s enrolle d in Army or Air For ce ROTC program s s hould consult with th e ir college or school r ega rding the applica tion of ROTC course c r e dit toward graduation requirements . The College of Libe ral Art s and S c i e nce s allows a maximum of 6 se m es ter hours of ROTC credit to be applied toward baccalaure ate degr ee requir e ment s . Th e Coll ege of Busin ess and Administra tion s tipulates th at ROTC courses ma y b e u se d for c r e dit only for nonbusin ess elective r e quir e m e nt s and that no c r e dit may be given for fres hman and so phomor e ROTC co u rses . Furthermore, a ma ximum of 12 semester hour s may be a ppli e d toward ba c calaureate degr ee r e quir e m e nt s in busin ess a nd then only if the ROTC progr am is co mplet ed. Grading System and Policies The follow ing grading system and pro cedures for pass/fail r e gistration , dropping a nd a dding courses, and withdrawal from the Univ ersity h ave b een sta ndardiz e d for all aca d em i c unit s o f the Univ e r sity . GRADE SYMBOLS1 Th e instru c tor is r espo n sible for w h a t ever grade sym bol (A, B . C, D , F. IF, /W, or /Pi i s to b e assigned . Spe cia l symbol s (NC , W . and YJ are i ndi ca tion s of registration or grad e sta tu s a nd a r e n o t assigned b y the inst ru c t or. Pass/fail d esignat i ons are not assigned by th e inst ru cto r but are a utomati cally co nvert e d by the grade application syst em , exp l aine d under P ass /Fail Pro cedure. A-superior/excel/ent--4 c r e dit point s p e r cre dit hour . 8-goodlbetter than average3 c r e dit points per cre dit hour. C-comp etent/ average-2 cr edit points per cre dit h our. Gener a llnfonnation I 21 D-minimum passing ! credi t point per credit hour . F-Failing-no credit points per credit hour. Beginning with th e Spring 1984 Semester , some schools and colleges have approved use of a PLUS / MINUS grading system , wh ere a B + corresponds to 3.3 credit point s per c r e dit hour , and a B corresponds to 2 . 7 cre dit points per credit hour . Instruc tors in those sc hools and colleges may , a t thei r d is c reti on , u se the PLUS /MI US syst e m , but are not req ui red to do so. IFincomp l e te-regarde d as F if not completed within o n e year maximum. IW-incompl e t e-regar d e d as W if n ot co mpl e t ed within o n e year ma x imum . /P-in progress-thesis at th e graduate level only . An incomplete grade i s only awarded when s p ecial circum sta n ces preve nt a s tud e nt' s co mpl eti ng a course during the term . Student s have one year to complete an INCOMPL E TE . After one year, an IW is regarded as a DROP-PASSI G ; an IF as a DROP FAILING . Stud e nts s hould n ot r e -r egister for co ur ses for whic h they have received INCOMPLETES . P I F-passlfail-P grade is not includ ed in t h e grade-point average ; the Fgrade is included; up to 16 hours of p ass /fail co ur se work ma y be credited toward a ba c h elor ' s degree . H I P IF-honorslpass / fail-intended for hon ors courses; cre dit hour s count toward th e d egree but are not included in th e gra d e point average. SPECIAl SYMBOLS NC-indicates registration on a no -cre dit basis. W-indicates withdrawal without credit. Y -indicates the final grade roster was not received by the time grades we re process e d . PASS/FAll PROCEDURE I . Any student who wishe s to register for a course on a p ass/fai l basi s s hould do s o during th e regular registration p erio d . (Up to 16 semester hour s of regular course work may b e taken on a pass/ fail basis and credited toward th e bach elo r ' s d egree.) Changes to or from a pass /fail ba s i s may b e effected on l y during th e regular drop / add period . 2. The record of pass /fail regi s tration i s maintain e d by the Offi ce of Admissions and Record s . 3 . Academic deans and faculty will not b e informed of s p ecial pass /fail registration . All s tudent s who register o n a pass/fail basis appear on the regular class ro s ter, and a normal l etter grade is ass igned by the prof essor. When grades are r eceive d in the Rec ords Offic e , those registrations which req u ire a p ass /fail designa tion are automatically co nverted by th e grade application syste m . Grades of D and abov e convert to grades of P . 4 . Onl y 6 hours of course work may be P I F in any give n se m ester. 'Plu s/ m inus gr ading may be instituted b y various University of Colo r•do a n d colleges beginning with the Spring 1 984 Semest e r . F o r exam p l e . a B + t o 3.3 points. B -to 2 . 7 points.

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22 I University of Colorado at Denver PASS/FAIL OPTION RESTRICTIONS College Business and Administration Engineering and Applied Science Graduate School Liberal Arts and Sciences Music General Only non-business electives may be taken Pass/Fail Required courses may not be taken Pass/Fail. Courses must be designated by major department: students without major not eligible ; recommended maximum -one course/ semester. Not applicable toward degree May be restricted in certain majors not included in 30 hours of C or better work required for major. No more than 6 hours P/F any semester. Only non-music electives may be taken Pass/Fail 5. Exception to the pass/fail regulations is permitted for cer tain specified courses offered by the School of Education, the Division of Continuing Education, and Study Abroad Programs. 6 . Graduate degree students can exercise the PIF option for undergraduate courses only. However, a grade of P will not be acceptable for graduate credit to sat isfy any Graduate School requirement. Grade-Point Average The grade-point average is computed by multiplying the credit points per hour (for exa mpl e, 8 = 3) by the number of hours for each course, totaling the hours and the credit points, and dividing the total points by the total hours. Grades of P, NC , Y, W , IP , IW, and IF are not included in the grade-point average. If an IF grade has not been comp l eted within one year, the course is regarded as failed and a grade of F is automatically calculated in the grade-point average at the end of the one-year grace period. If an IW grade has not been comp l eted within one year, the course is regarded as dropped. If a course is repeated, all grades earne d are used in determining the grade-point average . The grade-point average of graduate students includes only courses, credit hours, and credi t points accum ulat ed while enrolled in the Graduate School. The grade-point average does not appear on officia l transcripts issued from the Records Office but does appear on the Gra d e Report issued each semester. Students should consult with the dean ' s office for explanation of any exceptions made to the University uniform grade-point average. / 16 Hours Maximum Includes courses taken in the honors program Does not include courses taken in honors, physical education, cooperdtive education and certain teacher certification courses Includes courses taken in the honors program Grade Reports Transfer Students Maximum of I semester hour of Pass/Fail for every 8 semester hours attempted at the University Maximum of I semester hour of Pass/Fail may be applied toward graduation for every 9 semester hours taken in the college. May not be used by students graduating with only 30 semester hours taken at the University Grade reports are normally available for students to pick up at the Inform ation Center within two to three weeks after the end of the semester. Students must present pictur e identification. Grade reports are not a utomati cally mailed; howev er, a self-addressed, stamped envelope may be supplie d to the Records Office by individual students who wish to have their grades mailed. Transcripts Transcripts of academic record at the University of Colorado (all campuses) may be ordered in person or by mail from the University of Colorado at Boulder, Record s Office, Campus Box B-7, Transcript Section, Regent Administrative Center 125, Boulder, CO 80309. Official transcripts will not be available until approximately five weeks after final examinatio ns . A transcript that is to have the degree recorded will not be available until approximately eig ht weeks after final examinations. Requests should include the following: I. Student ' s full name (include maiden or other name if applicable). 2. Student number. 3. Birthdate . 4. The last term and campu s where the student was in attendance. 5. Whether the current semes t er grades are to be included when a transcript is ordered near the end of a term. 6. Agency, college, or individuals to whom transcripts are to be sent. Complete mailing addresses should be included. Transcripts sent to s tudents a r e l abeled "issued to student." 7. Student's signature. (This is th e student's authorization to re l ease the records to the designee.)

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There is no charge for transcripts . Transcripts are prepared only at the student's request. A student having financial obliga tions to the University that are due and unpaid will not be granted a transcript. Copies of transcripts from other institutions cannot be furnished. Adding and Dropping Courses 1 ADDING COURSES Students may add courses to their original registration during the first 12 ( 7 i n the summer) days of full-term classes, provided there is space available, DROPPING COURSES I. Students will be able to drop courses without approvals during the first 12 days of the fall or spring s emesters (7th day of the summer term). Tuition will not be charged for the courses which are dropped as long as the student is not withdrawing . No record of the dropped course will appear on the student's perma nent record. 2. After the 12th day of a fall or spring semester (7th day of the summer term), the instructor ' s signature is required and the instructor must indicate whether the student is passing or failing. If the student is passing, the course will appear on the student ' s permanent record with a grade of W. If the student is failing. the course will appear on the permanent record with an F grade. No adjustment of tuition is made for courses which are dropped after the 12th day (7th day for the summer term) of classes. 3. After the lOth week of a fall or spring semester (7th week of a summer term), courses may not be dropped unless there are circumstances clearly beyond the student's control. In addition to the instructor ' s certification (as in 2 above), the student must petition the academic dean for approval to drop the courses. Tuition will be charged even though the drop is allowed. 4. Dropping all courses requires an official University with drawal form. Withdrawal from the University To withdraw from the University, the student must obtain approval of the dean' s office, Bursar' s Office, and Records Office. The withdrawal date is recorded on the student ' s permanent record page. If the withdrawal date is prior to the 13th day of the semester (7th day of the summer term), the courses will not appear on the student ' s permanent record. If the withdrawal date is after the 12th day, the courses will appear with W grades. Students may not withdraw after the lOth week of the semester (7th week of the summer term) except under documented cir cumstances clearly beyond their control. Students who are receiving veteran' s benefits or financial aid also must obtain the required signature of those respective office(s). A student who ceases to attend classes without officially with drawing from the University will receive grades ofF for all course work enrolled for during that term. A graduate student who desires to withdraw from the Univer sity must apply to the associate dean of the Graduate School for General Infonnation I 23 permission to withdraw in good standing . Students who with draw without communicating with the associate dean and filing the appropriate Withdrawal Form will be marked as having failed their courses for the term. For specific signatures, requirements , and tuition adjustment the student must refer to the Schedule of Courses published prior to the beginning of each term. Originality of Work In all academic areas it is imperative that either work be original or explicit acknowledgment b e given for the use of other persons' ideas or language. Students should consult with instructors to learn the specific procedures appropriate in each given field. Breaches of academic honesty can result in disciplinary measures ranging from lowering of a grade to permanent compulsory with drawal from the University. Inspection of Educational Records Periodically, but not less than annually, the University of Colo rado informs students of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, with which the institution intends to comply fully. The Act was designated to protect the privacy of educational records, to establish the right of students to inspect and review their educational records, and to provide guidelines for the cor rection of inaccurate or misleading data through informal and formal hearings. Students also have the right to file complaints with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy A c t Office (FERPA) concerning alleged failures by the institution to comply with the Act. Local policy explains in detail the procedures to be used by the institution for compliance with the provisions of the Act. Copies of the policy can be found in the library on each of the several campuses of the University of Colorado. A directory of records which lists all educational records main tained on students by this institution may be found In the Office of Admissions and Records on each campus. The following items of student information have been desig nated by the University of Colorado as public or directory infor mation : student name, address , telephone number, dates of attendance, registration status, class, major field of study, awards, honors, degree(s) conferred, past and present participation in officially recognized sports and activities, physical factors (height, weight) of athletes, date and place of birth. This information may be disclosed by the University for any purpose at its discretion. Currently enrolled students may withhold disclosure of any category of information under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. To withhold disclosure, written notification must be received in the Office of Admissions and Records on the appropri ate campus prior to the end of the drop/add period in each and every term. Forms requesting the withholding of directory infor mation are available in the Office of Admissions and Records. The University of Colorado assumes that failure on the part of any student to request specifically the withholding, term by term, of categories of directory information indicates individual approval for disclosure for the term(s). Questions concerning the Family Educational Rights and Pri vacy Act may be referred to the Office of Admissions and Records. 'For the exact date s , check the Schedule of Courses for the appropriate tenn .

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24 I University of Colorado at Denver Good Standing To remain in good standing within a particular school or col lege, an undergraduate student must maintain a grade-point aver age of at least 2 . ) (C) in all course work attempted. A graduate degree student must maintain a grade-point average of at least 3.0 . Non-degree students must maintain a minimum grade-point average of 2.0 . Policies on academic probation, suspension, and dismissal vary by college or school , and students should refer to the sections of this bulletin dealing with the colleges and schools for information. Student Classification Students who have passed fewer than 30 semester hours are classified as freshmen. To be classified as a sophomore, a student must have passed 30 semester hours; to be classified as a junior, 60 hours ; and to be classified as a senior , 90 hours of credit. All transfer students will be classified on the same basis according to their hours of credit accepted by the University of Colorado. Student Indebtedness A student with overdue financial obligations to the University will not be permitted to register for any subsequent term, to graduate , or to be listed among those receiving a degree or credit from the University. Transcripts will not be released for a student with an overdue financial obligation to the University. VI. STUDENT SERVICES Dean of Student Academic Services This office is responsible for providing leadership for the Stu dent Academic Services program s and offices. It also serves as a liaison with student government, provides CU-Denver representation in Auraria-shared student services, and coordinates orien tation programs for new students , commencement, the Senior Citizens Program , the Ahlin Fund for disabled students , and 1 t student research programs. The office telephone is 556-8427. The Dean of Student Academic Services office protects student and responsibilities by administering the Standards of Stu dent Conduct. When a student enrolls in the University, he or she agrees to participate meaningfully in the life of the University and to share in the obligation to preserve and promote his or her rights as a citizen and has a basic obligation not to commit or to tolerate any infringement on the rights of others. Copies of the standards and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the Student Academic Services office. Student Conduct Policies and Standards Students should thoroughly familiarize themselves with the academic and nonacademic student conduct standards of the University . Academic standards questions should be directed to the dean of the school or college in which the student is enrolled. Nonacademic conduct questions should be directed to the Office of the Dean of Student Academic Services. Your enrollment in the University is voluntary. When you were admitted , you became responsible for appropriate performance and behavior as defined and described in this document. As a of the University community, you are held accountable for civil and criminal laws as well as University Standards. Enroll-ment in the University does not confer either immunity or special consideration with reference to civil and criminal laws. You are accountable to both civil and University authorities for acts which constit ute violations of laws as well as violations of University rules and regulations. Disciplinary action by the Uni versity will not be subject to challenge or postponement on the ground that criminal charges involving the same incident have been dismissed, reduced , or are pending in civil or criminal court. In addition , the University reserves the right to pursue disciplinary action if a student violates standards as defined within this document and withdraws from the University before admin istrativ e action is final. All persons on University property are required , for reasonable cause, to identify themselves when requested by University or Auraria Public Safety officials acting in the performance of their duties. Acting through its administrative officers, the University reserves the right to exclude those posing a danger to University personn e l or property and those who interfere with its function as an educational institution. All persons on CU-Denver/ Auraria property who are not stu dents or employees of the University are required to adhere to the Standards of Conduct applicable to University students and to abide by University policies and campus regulations. The following guidelines attempt to balance your needs and the needs of the University. If you are found in violation of one of the Standards of Conduct, one of the University' s primary interests will be to help you avoid further inappropriate behavior and become a responsible member of the university community. However, if you fail to correct inappropriate behavior , or if you violate one of these Standards of Conduct , the University will consider taking disciplinary action that may, in some cases, lead to your suspension or permanent expulsion from the University. The behaviors outlined below will not be tolerated because they threaten the safety of individuals and violate the basic purpose of the University and the personal rights and freedoms of its members. I. Intentional obstruction, disruption, or interference with teaching, research , disciplinary proceedings , or other University activities, including its public service and administrative functions or authorized activities on the CU-Denver/ Auraria premises. 2 . Willful obstruction or interference with the freedom of movement of students, school officials, employees, and invited guests to all facilities . of the CU-Denver/ Auraria campus . 3 . Physical abuse of any person on property owned or controlled by the CU-Denver/ Auraria Higher Education Center or at functions sponsore d or supervised by the University, or conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any such person. 4 . Verbal or physical harassment and/or hazing in all forms, which includes, but is not limited to, striking, laying hands on, treating with violence, or offering to do bodily harm to another person with intent to punish or injure; or other treatment of a tyrannical, abusive, shameful, insulting, or humiliating nature. 5. Prohibited entry to or use of CU-Denver/ Auraria facilities, defined a s unauthorized entry or use of CU-Denver/ Auraria prop erty or facilities for illegal purposes or purposes detrimental to the University. 6 . Forgery, fraud (to include computer fraud), alteration, or use of University documents, records , or instruments of identification with intent to defraud . 7. Theft or damage to CU-Denver/ Auraria property and the

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private property o f students, university officials, employees, and invited guests when such property is located upon or within CU Denver/ Auraria buildings or facilities. 8. Possession of firearms, explosives, or other dangerous weap ons or materials within or upon the grounds , buildings, or any other facilities of the CU-Denver/ Auraria campus. This policy shall not apply to any police officer or other peace officer while on duty authorized by the University, or others authorized in writing by the Chief of the Auraria Public Safety or designee. (A dan gerous weapon is an instrument that is designed to or likely to produce bodily harm . Weapons may include, but are not limited to, firearms, explosives, BB guns, slingshots, martial arts devices, brass knuckles, bowie knives, daggers or similar knives, or switchblades . A harmless instrument designed to look like a firearm, explosive, or dangerous weapon which is used by a person to cause fear in or assault on another person is expressly included within the meaning of the terms firearms, explosive, or dangerous weapon . ) 9. Sale, distribution, use, possession , or manufacture of illegal drugs within or on the grounds, buildings, or any other facilities of the CU-Denver/ Auraria campus . 10. Off Campus: physical abuse of any person, or conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person, or conduct which interferes with the public or private rights of citizens, when it is determined that the continued presence of the student would clearly constitute a threat or danger to the CU Denver / Auraria community. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent peaceful and orderly assembly for the redress of grievances. For additional information, students shall refer to the University of Colorado Students' Rights and Responsibilities Regarding Standards of Conduct, Discipline and Review. Student Activities The Office of Student Activities is the coordinating and resource center for student government , clubs, organizations, student programs, Greek social organizations, and academic honor societies. All student fee expenditures are monitored to assure that they meet all ASUCD, CU-Denver and state regula tions and procedures. The Student Activities Officer also repre sents the Dean of Student Academic Services on a number of CU Denver , ASUCD, and AHEC committees and maintains a good communication level with MSC, DACC, and AHEC. Student Activities is located in Room 153, Student Center , 556-3399. Academic Center for Enrichment The Academic Center for Enrichment represents the model of a learning assistance center, which provides the following types of services to the students at the University of Colorado at Denver: (I) instruction-English-as-a-second-language and study skills courses (math, reading, writing); (2) tutorial-individualized , group, and specialized ; (3) diagnostic tests -math, reading , spelling , vocabulary, study skills, and composition ; (4) counsel ing coordination personal, career, and academic; (5) work shops -college survival skills and study skills; and (6) peer advocacy. Students are from the general CU-Denver enrollment and rep resent one or more of the following categories : returning women, General Information I 25 returning veterans , first generation college participants , teen agers, ethnic minorities, recipients of financial aid, physically handicapped, and working people . GRE and GMAT review courses are coordinated with the Division of Continuing Education. The center also operates a n ethnic library from which stude nts may borrow books for reports or leisure reading . For information call 556-2803 / 8345 . Center for Internships and Cooperative Education The Center for Internships and Cooperative Education provides students with an opportunity to supplement their aca demic classroom learning with on-the-job work experiences or internships related to their academic studies. The center is open to all students in the colleges and schools of CU-Denver who have completed their freshman year and have maintained a grade-point average of at least 2.5. Students are placed either as paid Co-op trainees or volunteer Co-op interns with corporations, businesses, or government agencies in positions that complement their aca demic course work. Co-op students can work full time by alternat ing semesters of work with semesters of full-time school, or they can work part time year around . The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the College of Mosie award academic credit at the 398 level for a Co-op v/ork experience. Students placed by the center in paid or volunl er assignments , as well as students who have obtained their own jobs, may be eligible to earn Co-op credit. For more information contact the center at 556-2892. Counselor Training Center Using the services of students in master ' s level counseling programs, help is provided to deal with personal concerns. Group meetings address topical issues and crisis counseling is available. Information and appointments can be made by contacting the center at 556-2861. Educational Opportunity Program The Educational Opportunity Program assists all ethnic minor ity students at CU-Denver. Support programs include specialized recruiting , intensive counseling, tutorial services, and community outreach programs . The program is designed to provide assistance to minority students and to acquaint students with the history and culture of Asian Americans, Blacks, H1spanics, and American Indians. Student organizations provide assistance with recruitment, counseling, and tutoring; financial assistance is available through grants and the Work/Study Program. For more information call 556-2701. Legal Services The legal staff is available to assist the students with various services, which, depending on the problem , include: actual docu ment preparation, legal advice, and assistance or referral to pri vate attorneys at a reduced rate . The service is a free, student fee funded program ; however, a charge may be assessed or actual costs incurred such as copying, typing, etc . Contact the office for further details at 556-3333 . Non-degree Student Advising All non-degree students who are undecided about a major may receive counseling about admission procedures and academic advising during orientation . See Schedule of Courses under Ori entation. Non-degree students who have decided on a major

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26 I University of Colorado at Denver should contact the school or college. For infonnation contact 556-2861. Student Health Insurance Program A student medical-hospital-surgical plan is available for all students; dependent coverage is also available at an additional charge. Summer insurance coverage is available for students not registered. For further infonnation refer to the portion on Tuition and Fees in the General lnfonnation section of this Bulletin, or call 556-2861. Testing Center This multi-faceted assistance center provides various testing for all levels of postsecondary education, professional certification, accreditation , and academic and career planning evaluations. The center provides registration information concerning the following: ACf CAT CEll GR GMAT GSFLT MAT MBTI TOEFL CLEP sen American College Test California Achievement Test Colorado Educational Interest Indicator Graduate Record Examination Graduate Management Admissions Test Graduate School Foreign Language Test Miller Analogy Test Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Test of English as a Foreign Language College Level Examination Program Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory The Testing Center staff is capable of helping undecided and nondeclared majors in choosing an academic major and career area by using achievement, interest, and personality tests as coun seling aids. For further infonnation contact 556-2861. Office of Veterans Affairs The Office of Veterans Affairs is an initial contact point for veteran-students attending CU-Denver under their veterans bene fits earned while serving in the Anned Forces. The office maintains proper certification for each veteran-stu dent so that the Veterans Administration is assured that veterans are, in fact, pursuing specific academic programs. In addition, the OVA provides Vocational Rehabilitation refer rals, tutorial assistance, Colorado Tuition Assistance Program, and work/study positions for qualified veterans. For further infor mation contact 556-2630 . Women's Resources CU-Denver provides female students, faculty, staff, and com munity members with programming and various resources. Ser vices offered include on-going workshops, seminars, support and educational groups as well as career and personal counseling. Referral sources related to family, health, legal, and financial matters are provided. Women's Resources also offers four schol arships to women, and has extensive scholarship and financial aid infonnation available. For further information contact 556-2815. Associated Students of the University of Colorado at Denver (ASUCD) Student government serves as a voice for students. Student government also provides activities and services not normally offered to students under the fonnal University struc ture. Thus, student activity fees pay for a legal aid program, recreational activities, a women's center, numerous student organizations, the Advocate (student newspaper), and numerous special events and activities. Auraria Student Assistance Center The Auraria Student Assistance Center (ASAC) is composed of five offices offering specialized assistance to all present and pro spective Auraria students. I. Office of Information and Referal Services. This is a central infonnation source which provides objective assistance to pro spective students desiring to enroll at CU-Denver or one of the other academic institutions on the Auraria campus. 2 . Office of Career Planning and Placement Services . Assistance is offered to students and alumni in planning their careers and seeking employment. 3. Office of Disabled Student Services. This office provides academic support of services to ensure programmatic access for students with disabilities. 4 . Office of Vocational Rehabilitation. Campus branch office of the State of Colorado Department of Social Services. This office assists disabled students in becoming fully employable and self-supporting. 5. Office of International Student Services. The office assists international students on campus from 80 countries by providing support services and aiding in bridging the cultural gaps which many of them experience when entering the community to attend college. 6. Office of Off-Campus Housing Referral Services. Provides infonnation on apartments and donnitory Jiving arrangements. VII. SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND FACILITIES Alumni Association The CU-Denver Alumni Association supports the development and awareness of the University through a variety of networks and activities. Founded in 1976, students automatically become mem bers upon graduation. Friends and non-degreed fonner students are also welcome to participate . Horizons, a newspaper published in the fall, winter, and spring of each year, is mailed to the I 0,000 members of the association. Alumni are invited to attend periodic reunions and/or activities on campus which might interest them. The Mack Easton Award for Distinguished Service is bestowed each year at commence ment and is sponsored by the Association. A new program of alumni access to the campus recreation center, library, and park ing lots has been recently instituted. The governing board is comprised of alumni representing all of the schools and colleges on campus. This group plans events, implements programs, and raises funds with the goal of advanc ing the University and increasing the visibility of alumni. Auraria Book Center The Auraria Book Center carries a complete stock of academic, technical, reference, and examination preparation books. The Book Center also stocks computers and peripherals, software, and supplies for office, art, and engineering. Special orders for

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books are welcomed, and a search for out -of-print books is available at no charge. Students should bring their printouts to locate course books. Subject areas are marked on each set of shelves; the course call number is printed on a shelf tag below each required or optional book. When availabl e , used books sell for 75 percent of the new book price. A full refund is given for new and used books returned within the first three weeks of a regular semester's start. Two !D's are required for purchases paid for by check. The Book Center also accepts American Express, MasterCard , and VISA. The Convenience Store is located near the main store in the Student Center lower mall and offers extended hours for those wishing to buy snac ks, magazines, paperbacks, and school sup plies. Used texts are bought back from students throughout the year, and refunds and exchanges a lso are handled here. Photocopying services are available in the Convenience Store. Transparencies, reductions, and other options may be specified, and a self-serve copier is available for small orders . The Book Center is located in the Auraria Student Center, lower level, 9th and Lawrence Streets. For further information and hours , contact 556-3230. Auraria Child Care Center The Auraria Child Care Center provides high quality child care for student , faculty, and staff of the Auraria campus. The center is fully licensed by the Colorado Department of Social Services. During any session , space is available for 30 toddlers aged 18 month s to 3 years, and 120 children aged 3 to 8 years. Toddler, preschool, and fully accredited kindergarten pro grams are implemented by teachers with credentials in Early Childhood Education. The program s focus on the development of the total child including int ellectual, social, emotional, and physical growth. Registered care i s available full time, part time, or in two-hour time blocks in order to accommodate students' varying class schedules. Drop-in care for irregular or infrequent users is available upon advance notic e to the center, provided space is available. The Child Care Center offers opportunities for Auraria stu dents to gain experience working with preschool children through volunteer work, work-study or hourly employment, and practicum experie nces. For furthe r information call 556-3188. Auraria library The Auraria Library provide s a wide variety of learning resources for the students and faculty of all Auraria institutions. The library has approximately 560,000 volumes of books, microforms, and bound periodicals, in addition to more than 1,700 current periodical and newspaper subscriptions. Strong subject collections at the Auraria Library include the fields of public administration and criminal justice . The main collection is supplemented by the Design and Planning Branch Library. In addition, as a member of the Colorado Alliance of R esearch Libraries, the Auraria Library has access to an additional 6 ,000,000 volumes through interlibrary loan. Special services offered by the library include an online Public Access Catalog, computerized bibliographic searches, library ori entation and instruction for groups and individuals, a depository General Information I 27 of U.S. and Colorado government publications, media listening and viewing facilities, and a Resource Center for Disabled Per sons. Library rooms are also available for individual study, group conflrences, and typing. The Media and Telecommunications Division of the Auraria Library works to enhance the quality of instrucrional programs through the use of media services. The media and telecommunications staff works with faculty in the design, production, and use of media resources, such as instructional graphics and photography, film, videotape, audiotape, discs, and television. The Media and Telecommunications Division also circulates audiovisual equipment to faculty for classroom use. Auraria Student Center The Student Center, located at 9th Street and Lawrence, houses a cafeteria, the campus Book Center, a study lounge, game room, offices for student government and organizations, a copy center, exhibit space, locker rentals, meeting and conference facilities, and a tavern. Computing Services The Computing Services Department supports computer use by both the academic and administrative communities at CU Denver. Currently there are four primary resources used to achieve this purpose. The Boulder campus houses a Cyber 170/720 and an IBM 3031 system. The IBM 3031 is used for administrative purposes, and faculty and students may access the Cyber 170/720 system through the Denver campus or dial-in lines. The Denver campus maintains a Prime 750-9950 computer network and a number of IBM Personal Computers. The Prime system operates with 13.5 megabytes of memory add 2550 megabytes of disk storage . This system is the one primarily used for instructional purposes. Increasing emphasis is being placed on the use of personal computers, and to that end Computing Services maintains three teaching labs used in conjunction with regularly scheduled courses, as well as PC's available on a first-come, firstserved basis to all faculty, stude nts , and staff in Room 103 of the CV-Denver Administration Building. The Computing Services staff provides assistance to academic and administration users on all computing systems available and on every phase of their use. Advisers are provided to assist stu dents enrolled in computing courses with questions regarding programming and use of the Prime, Cyber, and personal com put er systems. Administrative users are assisted in their duties by the data processing staff and a systems analyst. Computing sys tems at every location on campus are maintained by an operations supervisor and staff who assist faculty and staff with hardware questions and problems. The goal of the Computing Services department is to assist all members of the CU-Denver community in using computing as an effective tool in their work. For further information call 566-2583. ACADEMIC PROGRAMS A bachelor's de.gree in computer science is offered through the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The curriculum is planned to give breadth of background in computer science after establishing a solid foundation in mathematics and science. Each

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student will take electives emphasizing computer-re lated areas . Those who wish to study computers with a heavier emphasis on engineering should consider the electrical engineering program with electives from computer science. See the general information section of the College of Engineering and Applied Science for more inforn1ation. For information on the M.S. program in com puter science, see The Graduate School section of this bulletin. Students interested in studying computers in depth may desig nate mathematics / computer science as a primary subject in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences distributed studies major program. For students pursuing a traditional major program in mathematics a special computer science option is available. In the College of Business and Administration , an area of emphasis is offered on Information Systems. The emphasis is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The emphasis is on management information systems-systems for the collection, organization , accessing, and analysis of information for the planning and control of operations. The automation of data processing is also studied . See the College of Business and Administration general information section of this bulletin for more information. Division of Continuing Education Through its Division of Continuing Education (CE), the Uni versity of Colorado at Denver provides off-campus credit and noncredit educational opportunities for the life-long learner and the non-traditional student. More than 7,000 employees of busi ness, industry , and government, homemakers, senior citizens, and alumni participated in CE classes, workshops , and seminars dur ing the past year. To provide easy access to as many students as possible, CE uses the city and its environs as its classroom. CU-Denver's excellent faculty is teamed with highly talented part-time instructors from the Denver metropolitan area to ensure quality and excellence in instruction . Credit class offerings provide a linkage between CU Denver's resident degree program on-campu and the part-time , off-campus student. Programs are specially designed to offer career updating for such professionals as teachers, engineers, geologists, and architects. Off-campus credit classes at Lowry Air Force Base and Fitzsimons Army Medical Center give the military student the opportunity to take core course requirements that will later lead to the completion of a degree. CE delivers a wide array of noncredit courses for those inter ested in career updating, personal enrichment , and intellectual stimulatio n . Specific programs are developed at the request of business and professional groups . These programs include licensing and refresher courses for engineers, accountants , life insur ance agents, and architects. Seminars and certificate programs for business and industry are designed to help keep supervisors and manag ers abreast of new technologies and their management. Courses in the arts and humanities explore such topics as parenting, self awareness, music and art , photography, languages, and literature . Through these off-campus programs, and as part of its public s ervice mission, CU-Denver seeks to extend its educational resourc e s to the off-campu student. Individuals, groups, and organizations with special education interests ar e invited to call the Division of Continuing Educatio n at 556-2735. General Information I 29 Development Program In 1981-82 CU-Denver established a development program in conjunction with the University of Colorado Foundation Inc. The CU Foundation was established in 1967 at the direction of the Board of Regents of the University as a privately governed , non profit corporation , chartered under the laws of the State of Colo rado . It is operated exclusively for charitable, scientific, or educa tional purposes designed to promote the welfare of CU. The CU Foundation and its development offices are the approved agency to solicit, receive, and administer gifts from private sources for the benefit of all campuses . The Development Program also is integrally related to the Alumni Association and offers leadership to that group. Center for Environmental Sciences The Center for Environmental Sciences, funded by federal agencies, industry, and private foundations, conducts basic and applied research focusing on understanding and providing solu tions for environmental issues related to natural resource development. The research programs involve faculty, students, and staff from many disciplines at CU-Denver and other universities in the Rocky Mountain region. While the center does not have a formal education program many students have obtained master ' s and Ph.D. degrees while working on center programs. The center's Analytical Chemistry Laboratory is considered to be one of the premier labs in the nation. The office of the center is located in the Admin. Bldg., Room 421, telephone 556-3460 . International Education The Office of International Education on the Boulder campus expedites the exchange of students and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes special relationships with foreign universities, and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships. The office also arranges study abroad programs and offers over 20 different programs around the globe. Some of the study abroad program s are of the traditional junior year abroad variety, which places a student directly in a foreign university for an academic year. Such programs are available at the Universities of Lancaster and East Anglia, England; the Uni versity of Bourdeaux, France; the University of Costa Rica, San Jose; The American University in Cairo, Egypt; the University of Regensburg, Germany; the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel; the University of Bologna, Italy; Konan University, Japan; the University of Seville, Spain; the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Catholic University of Lima, Peru; and Leningrad State University, U.S.S.R. Engineering and commercial Spanish students may be particularly interested in programs at ITESM in Monterrey, Mexico. For students unable to spend an academic year abroad, pro grams for a single semester are available with various emphases, particularly on intensive language learning. Students may study beginning-intermediate language in Chambery, France, during the spring semester. In fall, spring, or summer , students may attend a one-semester language program in Jalapa, Mexico. Stu dents who wish the experience of a foreign institution may attend a single semester program in San Jose, Costa Rica; Rennes, France; or Seville, Spain. Special summer programs, e.g., art

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30 I University of Colorado at Denver history in Italy, are organized with specific departments upon request. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign university . A 8 average with the equivalent of two years of college level work in the appropriate langu age is required . Financial aid from the University can be applied to program costs in most cases, and all credit earned while abroad is considered resident credit. More information abo ut study abroad programs is available in the International Student Services Offi ce, Central Clas s room Bldg ., 556-3474 , or the Office of International Education, Boul der campus, 492-7741. VIII. INTERIM AND SHORT-TERM SESSIONS Winter Session The Winter Session provides an opportunity for CU-D e nver students and others who reside in the Denver metropolitan area to accelerate their graduation process by acquiring needed cre dits toward graduation during the long J anuary vacation break. Approximately 500 students participate in this program , which includes both required and elective credit courses. Credit receiv e d appears on the regular CU-Denver transcript and is fully transferable. Although courses ha ve been compressed into a shorter time span, the required number of class h ours is the same as in a regular semester. Any matriculated student, non-degre e student, MSC student, or adult eligible to attend the University ma y enroll. Persons on academic suspension may also enroll but their enrollment does not constitute readmission to CU-Denver for a regular term (Fall/ Spring). Enrollment in Winter Session does not imply admission to CU-Denver. For further information contact the Office of Admissions and Records, 556-2660. Short-Term Courses Some courses are offered in 5 -wee k module s, as well as special week-end courses and seminars. Topics in Science modular courses are self-contained units designed to cover given problems or issues in science . Students should contact the college / school office for information on short-term courses offered eac h semester . IX. RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAMS Army The Department of Military Science offers two Army R eserve Officer Training programs leading to a commission in the active Army, the Army Reserve, or the Army National Guard Forces. For further information contac t the U .S. Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), Department of Military Science, 1059 Ninth Street, 556-3491. FOURYEAR PROGRAM The standard four-year program consists of two ph ases. The basic course, normally completed during the freshman and soph omore years, consists of courses in military cience, officer career development, and leadership theory and management. Th e advanced course coincides with the junior and senior years. Sub ject ar eas include psychology and methods of instr u ction, tactics and unit operations, military law, history , national strategy, and army policies. Comp l etion of a six-week advanced camp during the summer is required prior to commissioning. Stud e nts s hould contact the Professor of Military Science (556-3491, 1059 Ninth Street) for specific requirements and options available based on eac h student's status at the time of program entry. Student s who are veterans of military service or participat e d in Junior ROTC , Civil Air Patrol , or simila r organiza tions may hav e a portion or all of the basi c course requirements waived by the Professor of Military Science. TWO-YEAR PROGRAM Th e abbreviated two -year program consists of the same courses offered in the advanced course. However, both undergraduate and graduat e students may become qualified for this program by successful completion of a six-week summer basic camp, an on campus summer program (MIS 204), or by comp l et i on of spe cially designed compression courses offered during the spring or summer semesters. If se l ected for the abbreviated program under these options, st udents may receive an early commission with the R eserve or National Guard while continuing their college educa tion at the undergraduate or graduate level. SCHOLARSHIPS Students se lected for a U.S. Army scholars hip receive full tuition , flat rate on books, laboratory fees, classroom materials , and a monthly allowance of $100 during each academic year. All advanced-course students (those enroll e d in upper division courses) receive the $100 monthly stipend. High schoo l seniors are eligib l e to apply for four-year schol arships. Both ROTC and non-ROTC s tudents , enrolled on cam pus as full-time students, may compete for the three, two-, and one-year sc holarships. All sc holarship b e n efits are tax free, and competition is open to both men and women . FLIGHT TRAINING Stude nt s selected for the advanced course may become qualified , as cadets, to participate in th e Am1y Aviation Program. The se individuals will attend flight school after completion of their officer ' s basic course while on active duty. ARMY ROTC COURSE CREDIT Army ROTC course credit for graduation var ies with each college. Students s h ould contact the Profe sso r of Military Science or dean of their college to clarify the number of credit hours to be awarded. Air Force U . S . Air Force ROTC offers two programs l eading to commis sio n in the U .S. Air For ce upon receipt of the baccalaureate degr ee. Graduate s tud ents may be commissio n ed upon comple tion of 12 h ours of the prof ess ional officer course and a six-week summer training program.

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For further information contact the U.S. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC), Folsom Stadium, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, 492-8351. STANDARD FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM This program is in three parts : the general military course for lower division (freshman and sophomore) students, the profes sional officer course for upper division students, and leadership laboratory (attended by all students). Completion of the general military course is a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course. Completion of a four-week summer training course is required prior to commissioning. MODIFIED TWO-YEAR PROGRAM This program is offered to full-time, regularly enrolled degree students at both undergraduate and graduate levels who will have two years remaining at the University of Colorado when they enroll. Selection is on a competitive basis. Applicants should apply directly to the Professor of Aerospace Studies not later than February I of the spring semester immediately preceding the academic year in which they desire to enroll in the program. Those selected for this program must complete a six-week field training program during the summer months as a prerequisite for entry into the professional officer course the following fall or spring semester. FUGHT TRAINING Expense-paid ground school and flight training are open to cadets approved and qualified for future USAF pilot training. General Information I 31 AIR FORCE COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM Students participating in Air Force ROTC may be eligible to compete for Air Force ROTC College Scholarships. Students selected for this program are placed on grants that pay tuition, book costs, nonrefundable educational fees, and subsistence of $100 per month, tax free. All cadets enrolled in the professional officer course receive $100 per month subsistence during the regular academic year. Students are also eligible to compete for two-, three-, or four-year scholarships open to both men and women. AFROTC COURSE CREDIT AFROTC credit for graduation varies with each college. Stu dents should contact the appropriate college or the Professor of Aerospace Studies for determination of credit. COURSES See Department of Military Science in the Course Description section of this bulletin for courses offered. SUPPLEMENTAL COURSES AND LANGUAGE REQUIREMENTS All AFROTC scholarship students in the General Military Course must successfully complete a course in English composition before they can advance to the Professional Officer Course. All AFROTC scholarship students must also successfully com plete a course in an Indo-European or Asian language prior to commissioning. All Professional Officer Course students must successfully complete a course in mathematical reasoning prior to commissioning.

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, . ,, f "' " _5 $1/it.I:.T

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Donald L. Stevens, Resident Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE The College of Business and Administration and the Graduate School of Business Administration at CU-Denver offer programs designed to train competent , responsible professionals in man agement and administrative skills needed by today' s business and government leaders. The College serves students new to this field of study and men and women already in administrative positions. The fact that 80-85 percent of all courses are made available to the working professional in the evening demonstrates the College's commitment to the professional advancement ofits students . The College also promotes research and new thinking about modem administrative and management problems. The major purpose of the College of Business is to provide opportunities both for a liberal education and for professional training. Programs are designed so that students prepare for effective careers at the same time they are acquiring the broad educational background needed for constructive citizenship and cultural satisfaction . The Graduate School of Business Administration offers gradu ate level education in business and health administration to per sons with undergraduate degrees in business and other academic fields and prepares them for work in the broad spectrum of business enterprise. All Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) and Master of Science in Health Administration (M. S .H.A.) classes are offered in the evening. The College was admitted to membership in the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business in 1938. The health administration program was accredited by the Accrediting Com mission on Education for Health Services Administration in 1970. Furthermore , the Graduate Program in Health Administration in the College, which offers the Master of Science in Health Admin istration , is only one of several activities sponsored by the Pro grams in Health Services Administration. Others include a certifi cate and intensive graduate program in financial management (called the Executive Graduate Program in Health Care Financial Management), and a Master of Science in Nursing Administra tion degree jointly sponsored with the University of Colorado School of Nursing. In addition , the graduate program is affiliated with the Center for Health Services Research at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. The College participates on a continuing basis in the Executive Program for the Gas Industry , the Institute of Organization Man agement, the Colorado School of Banking, the National Install ment Banking School, the School of Bank Marketing, the School for International Banking, and many activities of the Center for Management and Technical Programs. The College assists in the presentation throughout Colorado of a Certificate Program in Real Estate. The faculty also participate in many continuing edu cation, government, and company educational programs. The CU-Denver Business Advisory Council and the Health Administration Program Community Advisory Board serve as a direct link with the Denver business community to promote understanding, cooperation, and mutual gain in a variety of edu cation-industry activities. Career. Opportunities Graduates occupy positions and perform widely varied func tions in: Advertising Auditing Banking Consumer credit and mortgage finance Controllership Credit administration Entl'l!pl'l!neurship Financial management General managemeni Health administration Industrial selling and purchasing Information systems Insurance International business Investments Management accounting Management consulting Marketing management Marketing research Minerals land management Operations research Organization management Personnel-human resources management Production management Public accounting Rea/estate Retailing Selling and sales management Taxation Traffic and distribution Transportation Wholesaling Others hold positions of responsibility in fields as diverse as business journalism, public relations , city planning, chamber of commerce and trade association management, college admin istration, and government. Executive and Management Development Programs The faculty of the College of Business provide custom-designed workshops and seminars through the College' s Center for Man agement Development. The focus of these programs is to improve business and management practices for special professional groups, senior-level executives, middle managers, or first-line supervisors.

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34 I University of Colorado at Denver Specialized areas of expertise include banking and finance, accounting, marketing, information systems, organizational man agement, real estate, transportation and distribution, health administration , and others. Needs assessments for such training and development are conducted on request. Executive Programs also offers the CPA Review Course each spring and fall on both the Denver and Boulder campuses. The noncredit course is an intensive preparatory course for all parts of the uniform, national CPA examination. There are 20 Saturday sessions consisting of 7 3 hours of instruction. For further information, please write or call: Center for Management Development University of Colorado at Denver 1100 14th Street Campus Box 149 Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 623-1888 Organization Within the broad framework of policy established by the Regents of the University of Colorado, policy decisions for the College of Business are made by the Educational Policy Commit tee of the faculty under the chairmanship of the dean and are subject to review by the faculty as a whole. The College's activities at CU-Denver are administered by the resident deari, by the heads of its several instructional divisions, and by other faculty directors of particular programs. Research Activities The Business Research Division provides facilities and trained personnel for research on business and economic problems . Established in 1915, the unit serves as the research arm of the College. The division serves Colorado and the surrounding region to improve the general economic welfare of the area and to gather and disseminate business and economic information; encourages research by faculty members and graduate students; and develops closer relationships between students, faculty, and businessmen. Through its monthly publication , The Colorado Business Review, the division provides basic business information con cerning Colorado . Other publications include compilations of business and economic data , industry surveys, studies of spe cial problems in business management, and regional community studies. The Program in Health Services Administration i s affiliated with the Center for Health Services Research at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center . In this capacity, faculty partici pate in applied health services evaluation and policy studies in several areas, including reimbursement, qualit y assurance, and long-term care. Student Organizations Opportunit y for association with other College of Business and Administration students, in varied activities intended to stimulate professional interests and to give recognition to scholastic attain ment, is provided by the following student organizations: AIESECinternational business association Beta Gamma Sigma national honorary scholastic fraternity in business BRECBuffalo Real Estate Club CSPA-Colorado Society for Personnel Administration (stu dent chapter) for students interested in personnel or industrial relations CUAMA student chapter of the American Marketing Association HASO Health Administration Student Organization ISCInformation Systems Club MBA Association University of Colorado association of master's students in business Phi Chi Theta-national professional business and economics fraternity Rho Epsilon professional real estate fraternity SAMLStudent Association of Minerals Landmen Sigma Iota Epsilon-professional and honorary management fraternity Scholarships Each year the College awards a number of departmental and general scholarships. The amounts of the awards and the number of awards vary each year. For additional information contact the College of Business office, 623-4436. ACADEMIC POLICIES Academic policies which apply to all CU-Denver students are described in the General Information section of this bulletin. The policies that follow apply specifically to the College of Business and Administration and Graduate School of Business Administration. All students are responsible for knowing and following the provisions set forth in this bulletin. Any questions concerning these provisions or policy changes are to be directed to the College office. The College cannot assume responsibility for problems resulting from a student's failure to follow the policies stated in the bulletin, or misinformation given by someone other than a staff member of the College. Similarly, students are responsible for all deadlines, rules, and regulations stated in the Schedule of Courses. Academic Ethics (Dishonesty, Cheating) Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Cheating, plagiarism, illegitimate possession and disposition of examina tions, alteration, forgery, or falsification of official records, and similar acts or the attempt to engage in such acts are grounds for suspension or expulsion from the University. Any reported act of dishonesty may be referred to the College of Business Disciplinary Committee at the discretion of the resident dean, a member of the instructional s taff , or other appropriate University representative. In particular , students are advised that plagiarism consists of any act involving the offering of the work of someone else as the student's own. It is recommended that students consult with their instructors as to the proper preparation of reports , papers, etc., in order to avoid this and similar offenses. Official College procedures concerning academic ethics are maintained in the resident dean's office.

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Advising and Records Each undergraduate and graduate student in the College of Business is responsible for knowing and complying with the academic requirements and regulations established for the Col lege and for classes. Students receive their academic counseling from a staff of advisers in the College of Business office. Advising is available throughout the semester by appointment , although individual appointments with the advisers are generally limited during registrations. Students are encouraged to discuss with the faculty of the College the various majors available as well as career opportunities. Newly admitted business students and former students of the College are automatically mailed credit evaluations as soon as their completed files are received from Admissions. Students may look at their official academic planning sheets any time during advising office hours. Nonbusiness and prospective students should consider attend ing advising sessions for interested students. These sessions provide admissions and academic information, requirements, transfer policies, and unofficial transcript evaluations . Please call the College of Business for more complete information. Registration for Business Courses Admission to some courses offered by the College will be limited to those students who have been admitted to the College of Business and Administration and to other students as provided below. The course admission criteria are designed to meet a number of objectives: 1. To assure access to business courses for students seeking a business degree. 2. To serve students in other colleges who have business related educational objectives or requirements. 3. To serve non-degree students who have specific career or educational goals. In order to serve the needs of nonbusiness degree students , core courses in the College of Business (Acct. 200, B .Ad. 100, I.S. 200, B.Law 300, Fin. 305, Mk. 300 , Or .Mg. 330, Pr.Mg. 300, Q.M. 201) will be open to all University of Colorado students in good standing on a space-available basis provided prerequisites are met. However , students admitted to the College of Business will be given priority in registering. For all business courses, non business degree students will be able to enroll up to a maximum of 21 semester hours. Admission to noncore business courses will be limited to the following students: I. Those admitted to the College of Business. (Refer to Model Degree Program in this section.) 2. Nonbusiness degree students who may register for business courses outside the core listed above. However, the total number of College of Business courses may not exceed the 21-semester hour limit, and students must have the prerequisites for all courses requested . Students intending to transfer to the under graduate business program should note the College residence requirement outlined under Graduation Requirements . 3. Non-degree students who may enroll for a maximum of IS semester hours of business courses. Students must have the prere quisites for all courses requested. Students desiring to register for business courses in excess of the IS-hour limit must have the approval of a business academic adviser. College of Business and Administration I 35 4 . Admitted graduate degree students who may enroll for SOO and 600-level graduate business courses. Undergraduate degree and non-degree students generally must register for undergradu ate business courses. Attendance Regulations Classroom attendance is at the discretion of the instructor. Students are responsible for determining each instructor ' s policy on attendance. Adding and Dropping Courses See the General Information section of this bulletin for Univer sity-wide drop/add policies. Administrative Drop The College reserves the right to drop administratively students who are incorrectly enrolled in business courses. Instructors also may recommend to the College of Business and Administration office that students who fail to meet expected course attendance or course prerequisites be dropped from the course. Generally, students who are administratively dropped will not receive tuition refunds. Withdrawal Students may withdraw without discredit at any time prior to the start of the final examination period. Appeal Procedure Students should contact a business adviser in the College of Business and Administration office for appeal and petition pro cedures pertaining to rules and regulations of the College. SPECIFIC UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC POLICIES Standards of Performance Students are held to basic standards of performance estab lished for their classes with respect to attendance, active partici pation in course work, promptness in completion of assignments, correct English usage both in writing and in speech, accuracy in calculations, and general quality of scholastic workmanship. ln general , examinations are required in all courses and for all students , including graduating seniors . To be in good standing, students must have an overall grade point average of not less than 2.0 (C = 2 .0) for all course work attempted and a 2.0 average for all business courses attempted. This applies to work taken at all University campuses . Activity physical education and remedial courses are not included in the overall average. When semester grades become available, students below stan dard will be notified of (1) probationary status or (2) suspension. Students are responsible for being aware of their academic stand ing at all times , and late grades and /or notification do not waive this responsibility. College rules governing probation and suspension are as follows: I. Any student whose overall grade average, or business course average, is less than 2.0 will be placed on probation immediately. A student may be removed from probation when the overall average and the business average have been raised to 2.0.

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36 I University of Colorado at Denver 2. A student will remain on probation as long as the student maintains normal degree progress each semester as determined by the College, and obtains no grade below a C ; such probationary status may continue a maximum of four regular semesters (including summer) , providing these provisions have been met. Failure to meet these provisions will result in indefinite suspension. 3 . Indefinitely suspended students may attend the University of Colorado summer term in order to improve their grade averages in the area of deficiency, but may not attend any division of the University for at least two regular (fall and spring) semesters. 4 . A student who has been under indefinite suspension for one calendar year may petition for readmission to the College of Business and Administration. If readmitted, that readmission will be on a probationary status. After being readmitted under such probationary status , any student who fails to comply with the requirements of his/ her probation will be subject to permanent suspension. 5 . Any student who is placed on suspension more than once will be permanently suspended from the College of Business. 6. Any student earning all failing grades or no academic credit for the semester will not be permitted to register without the resident dean's approval. 7. Official combined degree students are required to maintain the same standards of performance as College of Business stu dents in order to be continued in the combined business program. Scholastic Load The normal scholastic load of an undergraduate business stu dent is 15 semester hours , with a maximum of 18 hours during the fall/spring semesters and 12 hours during summer terms. A max imum of 3 hours can be taken during the interim/vacation ses sion. Hours carried concurrently in the Division of Continuing Education, whether in .classes or through correspondence, are included in the student's load. Grading and Policies See the General information section for University-wide grad ing system and pass/fail policy. Plus/Minus Grading . College of Business faculty have the option to use plus/minus grading effective with the Spting 1984 Semester. For example, B + corresponds to 3.3 credit points (for each semester hour), B corresponds to 2.7 credit points . Pass/Fail Option. Students in the College of Business and Administration may not take required business or nonbusiness courses, or business elective courses, on a pass/fail basis. Only nonbusiness electives may be taken pass/fail. A maximum of 16 hours of pass/fail credit may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business; transfer students may take I hour pass/fail for every 8 hours successfully completed at this institution. Pass/fail deter mination must be made within the posted deadline and is irreversible. A maximum of 6 hours pass/fail may be taken in any one s . emester . Failed Courses. A failed course may be repeated, but the F will be included in the grade-point average and will appear on the transcript. Incomplete Grades. The only incomplete grade given in the College is IF. An IF grade is assigned only when documented circumstances clearly beyond the student ' s control prevent the student from completing course requirements (exams, papers, etc.). Generally, students must make up the missing work and may not retake the entire course. Students should not register for the class a second time but should make up the work with the instructor giving the I F. All/ F grades must be made up within one year, or the IF will be changed to a grade of F. Grade Changes. Final grades as reported by instructors are to be considered permanent and final. Grade changes will be considered only in cases of documented clerical errors and must be approved by the resident dean. Honors Program Undergraduate Upon recommendation of the faculty, students who demon strate superior scholarship are given special recognition at graduation . Students must achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.3 and a grade-point average of 3 . 5 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado to be considered for cum laude. Those who achieve an overall grade-point average of 3.5 and a grade-point average of 3 . 7 in all business courses taken at the University of Colorado will be considered for magna cum laude. Credit To receive credit, all courses must be listed on the student's permanent record page by the Office of Admissions and Records. Credit is then evaluated by the College of Business to determine degree acceptability. Courses completed at any University of Colorado campus are credited toward degree requirements if appropriate to the degree program . Transfer Credit Credits in business and nonbusiness subjects transferred from other institutions will be limited to the number of credit hours given for equivalent work in the regular offerings of the University. Only work from regionally accredited institutions will trans fer to the College. In general, the College will limit transfer credit for business courses taken at a lower division level to such courses as the College offers at that level. Actual equivalent courses usually may be substituted for required courses. However, stu dents must verify with advisers that courses are equivalent. Care ful checking is required. A course given at another institution may have the same name and same textbook as a required business course and still be taught with a nonbusiness emphasis or other variations that gives it little value for business. A maximum of 60 semester hours taken at junior colleges may be applied toward the B.S. degree in business. Remedial or voca tional work does not transfer. Business courses from junior col leges will not be applied toward degree requirements if the course work is offered at the junior-senior level at CU-Denver. Business students desiring to take work at another institution or another campus of the University of Colorado and apply the work toward the B.S. degree in business must have prior approval of a College of Business adviser. No credit will be given for courses without the proper approval. Grades of Cor better must be earned to receive degree credit. Generally, only elective credit is acceptable in transfer from other institutions once the student has enrolled in the College. All courses in the area of emphasis must be taken at the University of Colorado. Transfer students must take a minimum of 30 semester hours of business courses at the University after admission to the College of Business.

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For a detailed explanation of transfer credit, see the General Information section of this bulletin . Correspondence Credit A business adviser's approval is required prior to registering for correspondence courses. Required business courses and area of emphasis courses cannot be taken by correspondence. All corre spondence courses are evaluated to determine their acceptability. Credit by Examination College Level Examination credits ( CLEP subject examinations only) are acceptable toward degree requirements. Specific infor mation is available in the College of Business and Administration office. Students seeking credit for CLEP must have prior approval of a business academic adviser. CLEP credit will be applied in the same manner as transfer credits. For credit , students must rank in the 67th percentile based on national available norms. Generally, CLEP credit is only appropriate for (a) nonbusiness requirements and (b) non business electives. A maximum of 6 hours of credit in any one course area is allowed. CLEP may not be used in course areas where credit has already been allowed. General examinations are not acceptable. Advanced Placement (CEEB) credit will be given where appro priate to students who make scores of 3, 4, or 5 . Special Sources of Credit Without prior approval of the resident dean , the College reserves the discretion of accepting or rejecting all special sources of credit. A maximum of 6 hours of physical education, theory, recreation or dance credits can be accepted toward graduation . Up to 6 hours of experimental studies, independent study programs , and other nontraditional types of credit can be accepted toward graduation, but prior approval of a business adviser is required. A maximum of 3 hours of this type of credit may be taken in any one semester. Junior or senior business students desiring to work beyond regular business course coverage may take variable credit courses (I to 3 semester hours) under the direction of an instructor who approves the project, but the student must have prior approval. Information and request forms are available in the College of Business and Administration office. The request form must be signed by the instructor , division head of the student's area of emphasis, and resident dean. To receive credit for business or nonbusiness independent study courses and experimenta l studies, students must obtain the dean's approval prior to registering for the course. Further infor mation and forms are available in the College office. No credit is given for work-experience, internships , or Cooper ative Education programs. ROTC Credit Students who are enrolled in and complete the ROTC program may apply a maximum of !2 semester hours of advanced ROTC credit toward nonbusiness elective requirements and toward the 120-semesterhour total degree requirement for the B .S. degree in business. No credit toward requirements is granted for basic (freshman and sophomore) ROTC courses. The ROTC adviser can provide more detailed information. College of Business and Administration I 37 Study Abroad Credit Study abroad programs are available for students who are interested in international business or in cultural experiences abroad . One such program is the London Seminar in Interna tional Finance, a month-long 6-credit-hour program held each summer in the financial district of London, England. The seminar is open to juniors and seniors in the College of Business and Administration who have completed at least one course in inter national finance or international trade . Transfer credit from study abroad programs is most appropri ately applied as nonbusiness elective credit. Students are responsi ble for c hecking with a business adviser for approval prior to the semester in which they intend to study abroad. Information on the various study abroad programs is available at the Office of Inter national Education on the Boulder campus . No Credit Due to space limitation , business classes may not be taken on a no-credit basis. Special Student Hours Accepted business students may transfer toward undergradu ate degree requirements a maximum of 12 hours of work taken as a special student. Approval of the resident dean is required. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAM The undergraduate curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Sci ence (Business) degree is intended to help the stu dent achieve the following general objectives : I. Understanding of the activities that constitute business enterprise and of the principles underlying administration of those activities. 2. Ability to think through logically and analytically the kinds of complex problems encountered by management. 3 . Facility in the arts of communication. 4. Comprehension of the human relationships involved in an organization. 5 . Awareness of the social and ethical responsibilities of those in administrative positions . 6 . Skill in the art of learning that will help the student continue self-education after leaving the campus. Admission of Freshman Students See the General Information section for admission and applica tion procedures. Prospective students in business are encouraged to pursue a broad college preparatory program in high school, with particular emphasis on English, mathematics, the social sciences, and sci ence skills. The College expects entering freshmen to present 16 units of the secondary course work. Admission of Transfer Students See the General Information section of this bulletin for admis sion and application procedures.

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38 I University of Colorado at Denver lntrauniversity Transfer Students who want to transfer to the College of Business and Administration from another college or school of the University must formally apply at the College of Business office. A minimum University of Colorado grade-point average, business course grade-point average, and minimum number of academic hours (both established by the College) are required for consideration . Transfer deadlines are July IS for fall, November IS for spring, and April IS for summer . The College will consider each application based upon the student's academic standing, the quality of the student's academic work, and the courses completed. To apply for an intrauniversity transfer, students must submit an Intra-University Transfer form and CU-Denver transcript to a business adviser. Forms are available at CU-Denver Admissions or the College of Business office; transcript request forms are available at CU-Denver Records. The transcript must include the student's most recent semester at the University. Students with previous course work from other institutions are also required to submit a copy of their transfer credit evaluations (advanced standings). Combined Programs and Double Degree Programs Official combined programs are available only in conjunction with the College of Engineering and Applied Science, the College of Design and Planning (Boulder campus), the School of Jour nalism (Boulder campus), and the School of Pharmacy (Boulder campus) . These combined programs and double degree programs with the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences require approval of the deans of both colleges. Students in a double degree program must complete at least ISO semester hours of course work. Students desiring admission to combined and double degree pro grams must apply to and be accepted by the College of Business. Applications are available from a business adviser. Second Undergraduate Degree Stud ents may apply to the College of Business and Administra tion to earn a second undergraduate degree, provided the first undergraduate degree is in a field other than business. The student who is accepted for the second undergraduate degree will be required to pursue courses in the sequence normally required for a degree plan. For example, if a student registered for the second degree has not had the required mathematics or general education courses, these must be taken before the student will be eligible to register for business courses. Further, the basic business courses (core courses) must be taken before a student begins to pursue the major field. Applications are available through the Office of Admissions and Records. Applicants for the second undergraduate degree are required to have a personal interview with a business adviser. Eligible stu dents will be notified when their admissions files are complete and interviews are desired . If a student applying for a second undergraduat e degree has an academic record that justifies consideration for the graduate pro gram, that student will be encouraged to consider one of the master's programs. Graduation Requirements The student alone is responsible for the fulfillment of these requirements. Questions concerning graduation should be directed to a business academic adviser. The Bachelor of Science (Business) degree requires: 1. Total Credits. A total of 120 acceptable semester hours of credit, of which at least 54 hours must be in nonbusiness courses (including 9 hours of upper division work) and at least 51 hours in business courses. The remaining 15 hours may be in either, or some combination of both . The College reserves the right to disallow any credit that is not appropriate academic credit as determined by the College. All incomplete grades and correspon dence course grades must be completed and recorded at the Office of Admissions and Records no later than four weeks prior to graduation. The student is responsible for contacting the instructor concerning the removal of incomplete grades. 2. Residence. Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business courses, after admission to the College of Business and Administration, including the 12 hours in the area of emphasis. Business courses completed at any University of Colorado cam pus after the candidate has been admitted to the College are acceptable toward this requirement. 3 . Grade Average. A minimum cumulative scholastic grade average of 2.0 for all courses attempted at the University accept able toward the B.S. (Business) degree , 2.0 for all business courses, and 2 . 0 in the four required courses for the student's area of emphasis, must be maintained. 4. Graduation With Honors. Upon recommendation of the faculty of the College of Business, students who demonstrate superior scholar ship are given special recognition at graduation. Please refer to the Honors Program under the Information About the College section. 5. Filing for Graduation. Students must file an Undergraduate Candidacy form and Diploma Card, and request a senior audit from a business adviser prior to registering for their final semester. Failure to do so may delay graduation. Also, students desiring to change their area of emphasis after filing for graduation must have the change approved by the graduation supervisor prior to registering for their final semester. Changes after that time will delay graduation . 6. Courses . Completion of all of the following required courses: Required Courses Semester Hours Area of emphasis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Communication and composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Core requirements (basic courses in accounting, business law, business statistics, business and society or government, information systems, marketing, finance, organization management, production and operations management and business policy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Electives Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Nonbusiness (to include 9 hours of upper division work) . . . . . . . . IS Free electives (either business or nonbusiness electives) . . . . . . . . . . IS General psychology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 3 Introductory sociology or cultural anthropology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Natural science (astra-geophysics, biology, chemistry, earth science, physical geography, geological sciences, and physics) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Political science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Principles of economics . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . .. . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___& Total 120

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7. Guidelines for Elective Credits. Elective credits should be selected carefully as not all classes are acceptable. Generally, to be acceptable, electives must be taught by regular University of Colorado faculty, must have a form of assessment such as a term paper and/or examinations, and must be regular classroom-type classes. Course coverage must be college level, not repetitious of other work applied toward the degree, must be academic as opposed to vocational/technical, and must be part of regular University offerings. Specifically, the College will accept: a. A maximum of 6 hours of theory physical education, recrea tion, and dance theory, and b. A maximum of 6 hours of approved independent study, experimental studies, choir, band, music lessons, art lessons, and c. A maximum of 12 hours of advanced ROTC providing the student is enrolled in the program and completes the total program. The College will not accept: Activity physical education, recreation, workshops, intern ships, orientations, dance, graduate-level courses, teaching methods, practicums, and courses reviewing basic skills in computers , English composition, mathematics , and chemistry. The above examples are not exclusive but are intended to provide guidelines. The College of Business reserves the right to disallow any credit that is not appropriate academic credit as determined by the College. Any questions concerning electives should be directed to a College of Business academic adviser. Model Degree Program The following sequence of courses is a guide to registration . Freshman Year Semester Hours Engl. 102 or 103. English Composition . .. . .. . .. . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. . .. 3 Comm. 202 or 210. Communication Theory or Public Speaking . . . . . 3 Math. I 07. Algebra for Social Science and Business I • . • . • • . • . . . • • • • 3 Math. 108. Calculus for Social Science and Business I . • . • . . • . • • . . . . . 3 P.Sci. 100. Introduction to Political Science2 . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . 3 P .Sci. 110 . American Political System .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. . .. .. .. .. . 3 Soc. 100 . Introduction to SociologyJ . .. .. .. .. . .. . .. . . . . .. . . .. .. .. 3 B.Ad. I OQ4 • . • . . • . . • . • . • . • • • . . . . . . . • . • . • . • • • • . • . . • . . . • . • . • . • . • 3 Natural Science ............... ..•............................ . __ Total 30 Sophomore Year Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics (macro/micro)5 . . . . . . . . 8 Psy. I 00. Introduction to Psychology . . . .. .. .. . . . . .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . 3 Socio-hurnanistic elective6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 l.S. 200 . Business Information and the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q . M . 201. Business Statistics........................... . . ....... 3 Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Nonbusiness electives 7 ................................... . ..... _]_ Total 30 College of Business and Administration I 39 junior Year Mk. 300 . Principles of Marketing .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . 3 Fm. 305 . Basic Fmance .......... ........ ......... , . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. 330 . Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . • . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 300 . Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Law 300 . Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Business electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Nonbusiness elective7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Either business or nonbusiness electives 7 ......... . . ............... __ Total Senior Year B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy, 30 and Entrepreneurship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 411. Business and Society or B .Ad. 410 . Business and Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area of emphasis .............................................. 12 Business elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Either business or nonbusiness electives 7 .......................... _2. Total 30 Area of Emphasis Each candidate for the B .S. (Business) degree must complete the prescribed courses in an area of emphasis comprising a mini mum of 12 semester hours taken at the University of Colorado. A 2.0 average is required for the four required area courses. Typ ically, students select an area of emphasis from those offered after taking several of the "core" courses. Then they take the hours required for their selected area. Available areas of emphasis are: Accounting Finance Information systems International business Marketing Minerals land management Organization management Personnel-human resources management Production and operations management Public agency administration Real estate Small business management Transportation and distri-bution management Students so desiring may accomplish the effect of a dual area of emphasis by careful selection of courses and use of elective hours for the second area. 1Math. 107 and 3 hours of college level calculus (Math. 108 is recommended). College algebra carries no degree credit and may not be used in lieu of Math. 107. Transfer students will receive credit for courses that are equivalent to Malh. 107 and 108. 2"Jbe following are also acceptable to fulfill the P .Sci. 100 requirement: P.Sci 300 , 304 , 306 , 310 , 340 , 353 , 355 , 365 . 'The following are also acceptable to fulftll !he Soc. 100 requirement: Soc. 119,250 , 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 384 , and Cultural Anthropology. 4This course is recommended for freshmen, sophomores, and non-degree students; applies as a business elective. 5Six hours are required. The two additional credits earned in economics apply as nonbusiness elective credit. 6Three hours selected from !he following courses: (I) History course, 100-200 level; (2) a behavioral psychology course (Psy. 315 and 499 are strongly recommended); (3) Phil. 101, 120, 220 ; (4) Cultural Anthropology o r Soc. 100, 119, 250, 300 . 301, 302, 303, 305 , 384 . Group 4 courses are acceptable only if not used t o fulfill the sociology requirement. 7For completion of the B . S . (Business) degree requirements. the student's program must include at leas! 9 semester hours in upper division, nonbusiness courses (300 or 400 level). Graduate level courses will not apply and cany no degree credit.

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40 I University of Colorado at Denver ACCOUNTING Accounting courses are offered in several fields of professional accountancy at the intermediate , advanced, and graduate levels. They provide preparation for practice in one or more of the following fields: Auditing Financial accounting Managerial accounting Tax accounting Data processing and control systems Teaching and research In all of these fields a thorough knowledge of the social, legal, economic, and political environment is needed. A high degree of analytical ability and communication skill is indispensable. Courses in English composition, speech, ethics and logic are desirable. Courses in statistics and information systems, beyond the required College of Business core courses, are highly recom mended. The undergraduate area of emphasis in accounting consists of 12 hours beyond Acct. 200 and 202. Required Courses Semester Hours Acct. 322. Intermediate Fmancial Accounting I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 323. Intermediate Financial Accounting II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Accounting elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Students planning to pursue accounting as a career usually take more than the required 12 hours. Many students take a total of about 30 hours of accounting, often taking two courses each semester in their junior and senior years. Students should work closely with the accounting faculty in planning their accounting programs . Students planning to take the CPA examination should take 30 hours of accounting and also be well prepared in statistics , busi ness law, finance, and economics. Graduate study in accounting is receiving increasing emphasis by professional organizations and employers. Students meeting admission' requirements should consider continuing their educa tion at the graduate level. FINANCE The principal areas of study in finance are financial manage ment, policy, banking, investments, and insurance. Finance is intended to give an understanding of fundamental theory pertaining to finance and to develop ability to make prac tical applications of the principles and techniques of sound finan cial management in business affairs. Every endeavor is made to train students to think logically about financial problems and to formulate sound financial decisions and policies. It is necessary to understand the importance of finance in the economy and the functions and purposes of monetary systems, credit, prices, money markets, and financial institutions . Emphasis is placed on financial policy, management , control, analysis, and decision making. Numerous opportunities are to be found with financial institutions and in the field of business finance. Acct . 202 is a prerequisite for this area. Required Courses Semester Hours Fin. 401. Business Fmance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 402. Business Finance ll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 433. Investment and Portfolio Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 455. Monetary and Fiscal Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended Elective Courses Fin. 440. International Financial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fm. 434. Security Analysis ... ................................... 3 Fm. 463. Bank Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es. 454. Real Estate Fmance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Students should note that all finance courses are not offered every semester. Finance majors are encouraged to take additional accounting courses as business electives. INFORMATION SYSTEMS The information systems area is designed for those who wish to prepare themselves for careers as professional administrative data processing managers in business and government. The student develops those technical skills and administrative insights required for the analysis of information systems, the design and implementation of systems, and the management of data process ing operations . The emphasis is on management information systems-systems for the collection, organization, accessing, and analysis of information for the planning and control of operations . The automation of data processing is also studied extensively. Students should note that not all courses are offered each semester . Required Prerequisite Courses Semester Hours I.S. 200 . Business Infonnation Systems and the Computer (fonnerly B.Ad. 200) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M. 201. Business Statistics .. .. .. . . .. .. .. . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . 3 I.S. 220. Business Programming 1 : Structured COBOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S. 221. Business Programming II: Structured COBOL and Physical Organization Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Required Courses (The following two courses) I . S . 465. Systems Analysis and Design I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S. 466. Systems Analysis and Design II . .. .. .. . . .. . .. .. .. .. .. . .. . . 3 (Two of the following five courses) Q .M. 300 . Intermediate Statistical Analysis for Decision Support ...... .. . . . ......................................... 3 I.S. 330. Operations Research for Decision Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S. 350. Logical Data Structures and Database Management Systems ............... . . . ......... .................. . ...... 3 I.S. 470. Computer and lnfonnation Technology .............. ...... 3 Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control ..................................................... 3 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS In recent years, companies have completely reoriented their thinking, planning, and operations to capitalize on the oppor tunities offered in the world marketplace. Every phase of business operation is affected by this reorientation, and individuals who offer the appropriate skills, training, and orientation are in great demand. The program reflects the basic principle that effectiveness in international business is based on a thorough training in business

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administration. The international business program provides the opportunity to build on these skills. The student electing this area must complete 15 semester hours as follows: Required Courses Semester Hours Econ. 441. International Trade and Fmance (applies as a nonbusiness elective) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B .Ad. 440. International Business Seminar (Boulder campus) . . . . . . . . . 3 Fin. 440 . International Fmancial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr . Mg. 458 . International Transportation .......................... 3 Mk. 490 . International Marketing .. . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . .. .. . 3 Because of the availability of courses on the Denver campus, the requirements for this area may vary from those listed for the Boulder campus. Student s must see an academic adviser for course scheduling . A second area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements for the second area can be included as part of the business and free elective hours. Foreign language skills are much sought after by business recruiters for this field. Other courses emphasizing international affairs may be elected from the following departments : anthropology , economics, geog raphy, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Stu dents interested in this area may start their preparation by electing language and other liberal arts and sciences courses in their program . MARKETING Marketing is concerned with analyzing the market for a prod uct or service, planning and developing that product , determining the most appropriate distribution channels, pricing the product , and promoting it. Today the administrative policies and practices of any well-managed firm should be marketing-oriented toward the consumer . The career opportunities in marketing reflect the business per son' s awareness of the importance of this field. Today many individuals are rising to top executive positions by the marketing route. There are more executive and other job opportunities for women in the marketing field than in any other single area outside teaching or secretarial work . One out of every four people gain fully employed in this country is in a marketing position. Career opportunities abound in personal selling, advertising, sales management , marketing research, retailing, wholesaling, marketing by manufacturers , international marketing, etc. Required Courses Semester Hours Mk. 330 . Marketing research .. . .. . . .. .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . .. .. .. . .. . 3 Marketing electives (beyond Mk. 300) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 MINERALS LAND MANAGEMENT The curriculum in minerals land management is designed to incorporate the primary course patterns of the College of Business and Administration along with certain field area preparation in geology, chemistry, economics, and land management. With this preparation , the graduate is a candidate for entry into employment as a Iandman, exploration trainee, lease broker , and other jobs related to the minerals industry . Colorado is presently the headquarters for a wide assortment of resource-based com-College of Business and Administration I 41 panies operating throughout the western United States and Can ada. These companies need qualified employees and have helped in the preparation of the program. The four-year program will consist of all College of Business requirements and must inclu de the following courses. No required courses (business or nonbusiness) may be taken pass/ fail. Because of the current status of the petroleum and mineral industries , students pursuing the minerals land management area are encouraged to select a second area of emphasis to supplement the primary area. I . Nonbusiness courses Semester Hours Geol. 207 and 208. Physical Geology and Geophysics 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 8 Geology/Geography Option2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Chern. 101 or 103 . General Chemistry ............................ 5 2 . Business CoursesJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 202 . Introduction to Managerial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 3 R.Es. 300. Principles of Real Estate . .. .. .. . . . .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Acct. 441. lncome Tax Accounting" . ............................. 3 3 . A minimum of I 2 hours for the major area is required as specified below: Required Courses (The foUowing four courses) M .L. Mg. 485 . Minerals Landman Administration ....... .... ........ 3 M .L. Mg. 495. Oil-Gas and Mineral Law ..... . ..................... 3 Fm. 401. Business Fmance I ..................... .........•....... 3 R .Es. 4 7 3 . Legal Aspects of Real Estate Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Minerals Landman Administration and Oil-Gas and Mineral Law are given only once a year. These two courses are to be taken after the completion of all lower division requirements and at least 90 semester hours of work toward the M .L.M. major. Recommended Elective Courses Semester Hours R.Es. 430 . Real Estate Appraisal .................................. 3 B . Law 412 . Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 3 Econ. 453 . Natural Resources Economics . ......................... 3 Econ. 454. Environmental Economics ............................. 3 Econ. 476. Government Regulation of Business ..................... 3 Econ. 477, 478. Economic Development-Theory and Problems I, II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 l.S. 220 . Business Programming 1 : Structured COBOL ............... 3 l.S. 350. Logical Data Structures and Database Management Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C. E . I 30 . Introduction to Civil Engineering ........... .............. 2 C . E . 221. Plane Surveying . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . .. .. .. 3 ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT The organization management curriculum provides the foun dation for careers in supervision and general management in a 'Geol. 201 may be s ubstituted for Geol. 207. 2A minimum of 6 hours of 1he following geology or geography courses (3 hours of geology must be included in the 6 hours; these may be not be taken pass/faill: Geological Development of Colorado and lhe West (Geol. 1153); . Pet.roleum Tech nology (Geol. 309) : Structural Geology (Geol. 312): Sedimemalion and Slratigraphy (Geol. 342): Environmental Geology (Geol370) : Geohydrology (Geol. 404) : Principles of Geomorphology (Geol. 463) ; lnlroduction 10 Geophysical Prospecting (Geol. 493) ; Minera l Resources and W orld Affairs (Geol. 494) : Map lmerpre1a1io n ( G<-og. 306): Geographi c lnterpre1a1ion of Aerial Pho1os !Geog. 406). 'Apply as business e lectives. 4B.Ad. 495 . Topics in Business: lnlrodu c tion 10 Oil-Gas Accounting. may be sub sliluled for Acct. 441.

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42 I University of Colorado at Denver wide variety of organizations. It develops understanding and skill in management practice. The emphasis is on combining both the human resources and the appropriate operations technologies into productive organizations. Required Courses Semester Hours (The following two courses) Or.Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups .......•....... 3 Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations . .... . . . . . . ..... ..... 3 (At least two of the following) PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations .................. .... ... 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment ........ . . . ....... 3 PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social Issues ...... ....... ..... . . . . ....... . .. . ...................... 3 PHR. 441. Personnel Administration: Planning, Development and Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended Electives Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control ............ ................ . . . . . . . .................. 3 Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and Productivity Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis in Production and Operations Management . . .. . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . 3 Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 470. Small Business-Management and Operation ...•....... 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting ......... . ................... ......... 3 PERSONNEL-HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Personnel human resources management offers oppor tunities for students to develop professional competence in the areas of personnel administration and labor relations. Students develop understanding and skill in developing and implementing personnel systems including recruitment, selection, evaluation, training, and motivation of employees, and union-management relations . Required Course s Semester Hours (The following four courses) PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations . .... .................... 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment . . . ..... . ... ... ... 3 PHR. 439. Personnel Administration: Legal and Social Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 441. Personne l Administration: Planning, Development and Compensation . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . .. .. . . . .. .. . 3 R ecommended Electives Or . Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups ..........•.... 3 Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations . ................... . 3 Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and Productivity Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. .. . . .. . . . . . .. .. . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting ... . ............... . .......... , ...... . 3 I.S. 350. Logical Data Structures and Database Management Systems . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. 3 Q .M. 300. Intermediate Statistics ........................ , ........ 3 Soc. 305. Sociology of Work .. .................. ... .............. 3 Econ. 461. Labor Economics . .................................... 3 Psy. 485. Principles of Psychological Testing .. ...•.................. 3 Psy. 487. Personality Assessment ........ .......................... 3 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Production and operations management studies are designed to prepare students for careers as production manager, operation s manager, management analyst, or systems analyst in such private sector organizations as manufacturing, banking, insurance, hos pitals, and construction, as well as in a variety of municipal, state, and federal organizations . Production or operations managers may be charged with the design, implementation, operation, and maintenance of the pro duction systems. Managerial activities could include forecasting demand, production planning and inventory control, scheduling labor and equipment, job design and labor standards, quality control, purchasing, and facilities location and layout. The outlook for jobs in this area continues to be strong in the 1980s. This placement is aided by the student chapter of the American Production and Inventory Control Society and work intern programs provided to qualified students. Participation in live case research and consulting projects with local organizations is usually an integral part of this course of study. Students whose major areas of emphasis are information sys tems, transportation management, or engineering will find the production management 400-level courses to be particularly well related to their courses of study. Students should plan their schedules carefully as required courses are not offered every semester. Required Courses Semester Hours (The following three courses) I.S. 330. Operations Research for Decision Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 447. Policy Analysis and Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . .. . .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . 3 (One of the following courses) Pr.Mg. 444. Work Design, Measurement and Productivity Management 3 Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended Electives I.S. 220. Business Programming 1 : Structured COBOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or. Mg. 335. Managing Individuals and Work Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. 437. Managing Complex Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR 438. Personnel Administration: Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. .. . . 3 Q.M. 300. Intermediate Statistics .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. .. . .. . . 3 Geog. 341. Economic Geography: Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Geog. 465. Location Analysis .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. • .. .. .. .. 3 Students planing to take the APICS (American Production and Inventory Control Society) or NAPM (National Association for Purchasing Management) certification examinations should con sult with an adviser to determine which elective courses should be taken. PUBLIC AGENCY ADMINISTRATION Public agency administration is designed to prepare students for careers in management of governmental or other nonprofit service organizations. The curriculum in public agency admin istration provides the student with a foundation of core courses upon which to construct an area of emphasis which will focus on the type of service organization the student desires to enter upon graduation.

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Required Courses Semester Hours Acct. 480 . Business and Governmental Budgeting and Control . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 I.S. 330. Operations Research for Decision Support . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 3 Business elective ( detennined by the area adviser) . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 3 REAL ESTATE Real estate careers require knowledge of real estate investment, urban land economics , real estate law, appraising , finance, taxes, management, sales, and accounting. Real estate is one segment of the economy in which it is still possible for persons to b e their own boss whether as a broker, appraiser, developer, syndicator or property manager. R.Es. 300 (Principles of Real Estate Practice) is a prerequisite for the area. Required Courses Semester Hours R .Es. 430 . Residential and Income Property Appraising . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R.Es. 454. Real Estate Fmancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 R. Es. 473.l.egal Aspects of Real Estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . • . . 3 R.Es. 40 I . Real Estate Development or R.Es. 433. Real Estate Investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 It is strongly recommended that any student planning to sit for the Colorado broker's examination take all six of the real estate courses. Additional preparatory courses for a real estate career are: Suggested Courses Semester Hours Acct. 441. Income Tax Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ins. 484. Principles of Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 fin . 455. Monetary and fiscal Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 3 fin. 433. Investment and Portfolio Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 310 . Salesmanship........................... . . ............ 3 Mk. 320. Consumer Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 4 70. Sales Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M.L.Mg. 485. Minerals Landman Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP Small business management studies provide understanding , knowledge, and skills in organizing and managing a small busi ness. The emphasis is on the managerial aspects of the wide range of activities required of the entrepreneur . A seccond area of emphasis in business is highly recommended. The course requirements of the second area can be included as part of business or free electives. Additional courses in manage ment, finance, accounting, and marketing should be planned in consultation with the adviser to serve individual career needs. B.Ad. 452 (Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneur ship) is recommended to satisfy the business policy requirement. Required Courses Semester Hours B.Ad. 4 70. Small Business -Management and Operation . . . . . . . . . . 3 (Two or three of the following four courses) Fm. 401. Business Fmance I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Acct. 332. Cost Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 PHR. 438. Personnel Administration: Employment . . . . . • . . . • . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 480 . Marketing Strategies and Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 (The fourth course may be selected from the following) PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . 3 Pr.Mg. 440. Production and Inventory Planning and Control . . . . . . . . . 3 College of Business and Administration I 43 Recommended Electives Pr.Mg. 44 7 . Policy Analysis in Production and Operations Management . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . .. . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 460 . Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . 3 Fin. 402. Business Finance II .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. . .. .. .. 3 TRANSPORTATION AND DISTRIBUTION MANAGEMENT The curriculum in transportation management includes the role of transportation in society and the problems of traffic man agement within specific industries as well as the management of firms in the transportation industry, such as airlines , trucking firms, railroads, and urban transit firms. International transporta tion management problems and policies are analyzed. One of the recommended elective courses may be substituted with consent of the adviser for one of the required courses if there is a schedule conflict, if the course is not available, or if a student demonstrates a career need for such a course. Required Courses S emester Hours (Any four of the following six courses) Tr .Mg. 450. Transportation Operation and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 452. Problems in Surface Transportation Management . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 456. Air Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 457. Urban Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 458. International Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 485. Physical Distribution Management . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Recommended Eledives PHR. 434. Labor and Employee Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tr.Mg. 451. Survey of Transportation: Law and Freight Claims ...... 3 Pr.Mg. 460. Purchasing and Materials Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 490. International Marketing . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . . . . .. . . . . 3 Geog. 461. Urban Geography: Economic .. .. . .. .. • . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Geog. 463. Transportation Geography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 COMBINED PROGRAMS Numerous career opportunities exist for persons trained in both a specialized field and management. For this reason, stu dents may be interested in combined programs of study leading to completion of degree requirements concurrently in two fields. Such combined programs have been arranged for engineering and business, pharmacy and business, and environmental design and business and may be arranged for other professional combina tions as well. The two programs of study proceed concurrently , terminating together with the awarding of two degrees. Generally, at least five years and/ or a minimum of ISO semester hours will be needed for such combined programs. No substitutions are allowed in this program . Students desiring to transfer from combined programs to the College of Business must apply and will be considered as intrauniversity transfers. For students in combined programs, the requirements for the degree in business are as follows: 1 . An application for admission to the combined program must be filed with the College of Business and approved by the deans of both colleges. Contact a business academic adviser for the appro priate forms.

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44 I University of Colorado at Denver 2. Completion of at least 50 semester hours in business and economics, to include Econ. 201 and 202 (8 semester hours), required courses in business (30 semester hours), and a business area of emphasis (12 semester hours). 3 . Completion of at least 30 semester hours of business courses at the University of Colorado while concurrently enrolled in the College of Business. 4. Completion of nonbusiness requirements in mathematics , communications, and the social and behavioral sciences in a degree program approved in advance by the College of Business. In addition , for some courses and areas of emphasis, there are prerequisite requirements which must be met. 5 . At least a 2.0 grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business, the area of emphasis, and the University of Colorado. Students in a combined degree program are subject to all policies of the College of Business. 6. Any combined degree student who does not make reasonable progress toward the completion of the business degree requirements, as detern1ined by the College of Business, may be dropped from the program. Shown below is the combined engineering-business program. For other combinations, students should consult with an academic adviser in the College of Business. The requirements for all combined business and engineering programs are as follows: Required Nonbusiness Semester Hours General Physics ............................................... 10 Math. 140 . Analytic Geometry and Calculus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra (or Math. 315 , 319 or 320) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. 4 Eoon. 201-202 . Principles of Economics .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 Engl. 120/ 130 . Introduction to Fiction/Drama and Poetry . ................................................ 6 P.Sci. 110 . American Political System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Political Scienoe elective selected from Business list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Psy. 100 . Introduction to Psychology . . . .. .. . .. .. . . .. .. .. . . . . .. . .. 3 Socio-humanistic elective selected from Business list ................ _l Total 44 Required Business Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 J.S. 200 . Business lnfom1ation and the Computer . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q. M . 20 I. Business Statistics . . . . . .. .. .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Mk. 300 . Principles of Marketing .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. .. 3 Fm. 305. Basic Finanoe . .. . . .. .. .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . . .. .. .. . .. .. . .. . . 3 Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . . . . . 3 B .Law 300 . Business Law . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. 3 B.Ad. 410 . Business and Government or B .Ad. 411. Business and Society . . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . .. 3 B.Ad. 450 . Cases and Conoepts in Business Policy or B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship . . . 3 Specified courses in an area of emphasis in one of the foUowing fields: accounting, infonnation systems, finance, international business, marketing, minerals land management, production and operations management, organization management, personnel -human resources management, public agency administration, real estate, smaU business management , or transportation and distribution management. Area of emphasis ........... ................................... _!l Total 42 Business electives may be optional or required, depending on the student' s area of emphasis. GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS The graduate program leading to the Master of Business Administration degree is offered through the Graduate School of Business Administration . Graduate programs leading to the Doctor of Business Administration and Master of Science are offered through the University's Graduate School. Master's degree pro grams in business are accredited by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. Requirements for Admission Master's Programs Admission to the master ' s programs will be determined by the following criteria: I . The applicant's total academic record. (The bachelor's degree must be from a regionally accredited college or university.) 2. The applicant's scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). This test is given four times each year at numerous centers throughout the world. For information and to make application for the test, write to the Educational Testing Service, P . O . Box 966 , Princeton , New Jersey 08541. In general, students failing to meet minimum standards are not admitted on a provisional status. Seniors in this University who have satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who need not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet requirements for bachelor 's degrees may be admitted to the Graduate School of Business Administration by special permission of the director of graduate studies. They must mee t regular admission criteria and submit complete applications by deadlines listed below. The application, GMAT scores, two official transcripts (not student copies) from each college attended , and a nonrefundable application fee ($40 for M.B.A; $20 for M.S.) should be submitted by Apri/1 for summer admission, by May 1 for fall admission, and by November 1 for spring admission or until the quota is ftlled. Applications received after these dates may receive lower priority. Personal interviews are not required or encouraged except for applicants to the Graduate Program in Health Administration. The mailing address for all applications is: Graduate School of Business Administration, Campus Box 165, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver , CO 80202. Applicants interested in the Master of Science in Health Administration program should follow application procedures as outlined under Graduat e Program in Health Administration. BACKGROUND REQUIREMENTS Students applying for graduate programs in business do not need to have taken their undergraduate degrees in business. For those students the M .B.A. or M .S. degree programs provide a series of 3-semester-hour fundamental background courses. These include B .Ad. 501 (Accounting), B.Ad. 502 (Statistics), B.Ad. 503 (Marketing), B.Ad. 504 (Management and Organization), B.Ad . 505 (Finance), B.Ad . 506 (Business Law), B.Ad. 507 (Management Science), and Econ. 201 and 202 (Macro and Micro Economics) or Econ. 300 (Accelerated Principles of Eco nomics). In addition, all graduate students are required to take either B .Ad. 500 (Sources of lnformation and Research Methods

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I semester hour) or pass a qualifying examination . I Graduate level business courses are open only to admitted graduate degree students, except for H .A. 601 (see course description), or where otherwise noted. In order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental courses, students must have completed equivalent courses at a regionally accredited university with grades of Cor better . Students possess ing an undergraduate degree in business must be prepared to present the following course work in order to waive the relevant graduate fundamental courses: Semester Hours Introduction t o Accounting (Fmanciai/Managerial) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Statistics .. .. . .. . .. .. .. .. . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . by qualifying exam only Principles of Marketing . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . 3 Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Finance ...................................................... 3 Business law . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . .. .. . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . 3 Operations Research/Management Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Principles of Economics (macro/micro) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 or Accelerated Economics (must include macro/micro) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Remedial work is required of all applicants accepted for the M . B . A . and M.S. programs who do not have mathematical and programming skills. Students entering any of the graduate pro grams are required either to take B.Ad. 502 (Fundamentals of Business Statistics) or to pass satisfactorily a qualifying examina tion covering this subject matter . Prospective graduate students who have not met graduate application deadlines may enroll at CU-Denver as non-degree students and take undergraduate courses to fulfill business back ground requirements. Please contact the CUDenver Office of Admissions for the appropriate non-degree student application materials. General Information Master's Programs Advising . All graduate s tudent s should report first to the stu dent adviser in the Graduate School of Business Administration office for the purpose of ascertaining deficiencies and principal field of interest. The division heads of each area serve as faculty advisers. During the first term of residence , each student should prepare a degree plan. This plan, with appropriate signatures, should be filed in the Graduate School of Business Administration . Course Load . The normal course load for full-time graduate students is 12-15 semester hours . Minimum Hours Required. A candidate for a master's degree in business must complete a minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate work plus any deficiencies. A maximum of 6 semester hours of graduate work can be transferred from another AACSB accredited master's program. Comprehensive Examination. A comprehensive examination is not required for student s pursuing the Master of Business Admin istration degree program . Each candidate for a Master of Science degree is required to tak e a comprehensive final examination during the candidate's last semester of residence . Students must College of Business and Administration I 45 be registered when they take this examination. Comprehensive examinations are given in November, April, and July. Students must file an Application for Admission to Candidacy and Diploma Card with the Graduate School of Business Admin istration prior to the term in which they intend to graduate. Plus/ Minus Grading. College of Business faculty have the option to use plus/minus grading effective with the Spring 1984 Semester . For example, B + corresponds to 3.3 credit points (for each semester hour), B corresponds to 2.7 credit points. Minimum Grade-Point Average. A minimum cumulative grade-point average of 3 . 0 must be achieved in courses taken after the student's admission to the graduate program. Effective Fall Semester 1974, courses taken as a non-degree student at the University of Colorado which will be used to satisfy degree requirements will count toward the overall grade-point average for students who are later admitted to any graduate program in business . If the student's cumulative grade -point average falls below 3 . 0 , he or she will be placed on academic probation and given one regular semester (summer terms excluded) in which to achieve the required 3 . 0 cumulative average. Failure to achieve the required average within the allotted time period will result in dismissal. The grade of D is not a passing grade for graduate students. A graduate student may repeat a course once for which he or she has received a grade of D or F. Both the original grade and the grade for the repeated course count in the computation of the grade point average. To earn a grade of W (withdrawal) in a course , a graduate student must be earning a grade of C or better in that course. Students will not be permitted to withdraw from courses after the tenth week of the semester. An IF grade is the only incomplete grade given in business courses and is valid only until the middle of the second semester (summer terms excluded) following that in which the grade of IF is given. By the end of that interval, the instructor concerned must have turned in a final grade of A, B , C , D , or F . If no reports are received from the instructor within the allotted time, the IF will be converted to F. Time Limit . All graduate courses, including the comprehensive final examination, should be completed within five years. Courses completed earlier will not be accepted for the degree unless validated by a special examination. Candidates for the master's degree are expected to complete their work with reasonable continuity. Master of Business Administration The Master of Business Administration program is devoted to the concepts , analytical tools, and communication skills required for competent and responsible administration. The administra tion of an enterprise is viewed in its entirety and within its social, political, and economic environment. In addition to the bac kground requirements for a master's degree listed above, the candidate for the M .B.A. degree must 'Qualifying examina t ions are administered only to udmitted business graduate degree students.

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46 I University of Colorado at Denver complete the specific requirements of the M.B.A. curriculum (30 semester hours) as follows: Core Requirements Semester Hours a . Functional Courses Two of the foUowing four functional courses, subject to limitations: Fm. 601 or Mk. 600; Pr.Mg. 640 (Logistics), or I.S. 645. Candidates with undergraduate or graduate majors in one of these functional areas may not use the corresponding functional course to fulfill this requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 b. Business and Its Environment Business, Government, and Society (B.Ad. 610) ........ . ........ 3 c. Analysis and Control Business and Economic Analysis (B.Ad. 615) . .................. . 3 Administrative Controls (B.Ad. 620) 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 (Accounting students must substitute Acct. 533.) d . Human Factors Organizational Behavior (B.Ad. 640) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 e. Planning and Policy Administrative Policy (B.Ad. 650) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area of Emphasis (three courses) .....................•. .....•.... __2 Total 30 Areas of emphasis include accounting, finance, management science/information systems, marketing, organization management , personnel human resources management, production and operations management , and transportation and distribution management. (Students who have undergraduate degrees in business with majors in finance or marketing normally are not allowed to select the same fields for areas of emphasis. ) For students taking an area of emphasis in accounting , Acct. 322, 323, and 332 or their equivalents are prerequisites for all graduate level accounting courses. Acct. 533 is substituted for B .Ad. 620.1 Acct. 625 and two other graduate-level accounting courses are required in the area of emphasis. It is strongly recommended that accounting students take Fin. 601 as one of their functional courses. Requirements for an area of emphasis in finance are Fin. 601, and two courses chosen from Fin 602, 633, or 655. Requirements for an area of emphasis in marketing are Mk. 600, 605 and one additional graduate marketing course . Candidates pursuing the area of emphasis in management sci ence normally elect either a decision science option or an information systems option. Those electing the decision science option will normally take Mg.Sc. 601,602, and Q.M. 620 . Those electing the information systems option will normally take l.S. 565, 645, and 650 . In addition, I.S. 220 and 221 or their equivalents are required prerequisite courses for the area. Students should con sult with . the information systems adviser about their course selection . Students taking other areas of emphasis should consult the head of the division concerning requirements . No thesis is required in the M.B.A. program . In the total program there must be a minimum of 30 semester hour s of graduate course work and a minimum of 24 semester hour s of course work at the 600 level. Independent study is normally not acceptable for credit in the 30 semester hours of the M . B . A . program. JOINT J.D./M.B.A. DEGREE PROGRAM A joint degree program for students wanting to obtain both the Juris Doctor (J.D.) and Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) is available. Interested students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Master of Business Administration Executive Program The Executive MBA Program is a multi-campus program of the Graduate School of Business Administration. It provides executive-level students with a broad, rigorous two-year academic experience leading to the Master of Business Administration degree. The program is designed for persons who hold managerial positions in business or other complex organizations. It builds upon the experience of these executive students with a sophisti cated , challenging academic curriculum which can be pursued simultaneously with a management career. The Executive MBA Program emphasizes corporate planning, the business/ government interface, and the applied tools of man agement. Courses are taught through a variety of methods. Case studies, lectures, and computer simulation are combined with research projects and other teaching methods to provide students with tools useful in their present positions and applicable to more advanced responsibilities as they progress in their management careers . The program covers a two-year period scheduled in eight terms of ten weeks each, with a summer break. Classes meet one day per week on alternating Fridays and Saturdays . The curriculum is supplemented by special speakers, a two-day retreat at the end of the program , and some evening group discussions. FACULTY AND RESOURCES The faculty for the program are members of the regular faculty of the Graduate School of Business Administration from all three of the University' s campuses Boulder, Colorado Springs, and Denver. They are selected to conduct these courses because their backgrounds enable them to make the strongest contribution to the program. Many of the faculty members are nationally recognized, and all possess both practical managerial experience and a demonstrated ability to work effectively with executive level students. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS The Executive MBA Program is designed for men and women who have a minimum of five years of business or administrative experience, including at least three years i n a managerial position . They should be part of senior management in a small organization or senior or middle management in a larger one, hold at least a baccalaureate degree, and have the ability to do graduate work. In the selection process, significant attention will be given to the depth and breadth of the candidate's managerial experience, progression in job responsibility , total work experience, and ability to benefit from this integrative classroom / work environment. The Admissions Committee will base its decision on the application, former academic record, the employer's nominating letter , 1S1Udcn1s wilh an undergraduate dcgn.>e in accounting are encouraged to wit h th e accounting area coordinawr abo ut other acceptable s ub s titut ions l o r l:l. Atl. 620.

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other letters of recommendation, and if deemed desirable, per sonal interviews with the committee. For further information, contact Program Director, Executive MBA Program, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth St., Denver, CO 80202, telephone 623-1888. Master of Science The Master of Science degree affords opportunity for spe cialization and depth of training within a particular major field and a related minor field. MAJOR FIELDS For detailed information concerning requirements and recom mended programs for each of the major fields, students should consult the division heads of the following areas: Account ing, Finance, Health Administration , Management Science and Information Systems, Marketing, and Management and Organization. MINOR FIELDS With the approval of the student's adviser and the director of graduate studies , minor fields may be chosen from business sub jects or from other graduate departments. Fields available in the College of Business for selection as a minor are: Accounting Finance Management science and infonnation systems Marketing Organization management MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS Personnel-human resources management Production and operations management Transportation and dis tribution management The minimum requirements for the M.S. degree, after all undergraduate background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan II. The student's degree program should be approved in advance by the advisory committee and the direc tor of graduate studies. Plan I. The requirement is 30 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. A minimum of 21 semester hours of credit is required of all candidates and, including the thesis, must be earned in a major field. A minimum of three courses, normally 9 semester hours, must be completed in a minor field. A minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level. Plan II. A minimum of 30 semester hours of graduate level course work .must be met in both a major and a minor field. Normally, students must complete 21 hours in a major. field, 9 hours in a minor field. No thesis is required. Of the 30 semester hours of graduate level course work, a minimum of 16 hours must be at the 600 level. All M.S. st udents must pass written comprehensive examina tions covering major and minor fields during the last semester enrolled. The candidate's committee may require an oral fmal comprehensive examination subsequent to the written examination . College of Business and Administration I 47 Master of Science in Health Administration The goal of the Master of Science in Health Administration (M.S.H.A.) degree program is to prepare men and women who, after appropriate practical experience in responsible managerial positions, are capable of assuming positions as chief executive officers or senior administrators in complex, multi-service health care organizations. The curriculum is a synthesis of management concepts and techniques that are applicable to any economic organization and tools that can be specifically applied to health and health services systems. The program emphasizes skills which heighten basic analytic and decision-making processes used by top level man agers in selecting broad strategies for their institutions and by junior managers in administering sub-units of their organizations. The faculty guide the students in their mastery of theoretical, conceptual, and quantitative topics. All students are expected to complete a minimum of 39 semester hours of graduate level course work, in addition to any necessary fundamental background courses. (See Background Requirements under Graduate Degree Programs.) The curricu lum is based on a series of structured learning sequences with fundamental courses comprising the majority of the first full year, supplemented by several core health administration courses. The second academic year provides the student with advanced training in health administration. In addition, the student must choose a concentration of elective courses in a minor area that generally results in an analytic specialty. The candidate for the Master of Science in Health Administra tion must complete the following minimum 600 level course requirements: Semester Hours Fundamental Courses (or equivalents) .......................... 0-25 H.A. 601. Medical Care Organization ............................. . 3 H.A. 602. Health Economics ...... . .. . ........................... 3 H.A. 620. Health Sciences ................ ..... .......... . ....... 2 H.A. 664. Managerial Accounting ................ .. ... ............ 3 Fm. 601. Problems and Policies in Fmancial Management I (H.A. Section) . . . . . .. . . .. .. .. . . . . .. . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 640. Organizational Behavior . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . 3 H.A. 644. Ethical and Legal Problems in Health Care . . . . ..... . ...... 2 627. Program Evaluation ....... ........ . . . ...................... 3 H.A. 670. Institutional Management I ...... ....... . .......... . . . . . 3 622. Strategic Planning and Policy . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . 3 671. Institutional Management II ... ............... J . . . . . ...... .... 2 I.S. 645. Information Systems Management .... . .... 1 .............. . 3 Minor Area . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . .. . .. • 9 Students who complete the combined fundamental course in statistics and management science (B.Ad. 502/507) are required to take both I.S. 645 and H.A. 627. Credit Hour Requirements The minimum requirements for the Master of Science in Health Administration degree, after all background deficiencies have been removed, may be met by Plan I or Plan II.

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48 I University of Colorado at Denver Plan I. The requirement is 39 semester hours of graduate credit including a thesis (4 to 6 semester hours credit) based upon original research by the candidate. Under this plan, thesis credits and course work in research methods substitute for course work in a minor field. Students not planning to continue studies at the are discouraged from electing Plan I. Plan II. A minimum of 39 semester hours of graduate level course work must be completed. Requirements must be met for the major in health administration and the minor field of the student ' s No thesis is required. Minor Areas and Electives . Elective courses and minor areas are available in the fields of accounting, finance, marketing, personnel-human resources management, management science/information systems, organi zatjon management, organizational development, health policy and planning, and community health. In addition, elective courses are available which focus on practice settings such as hosptial administration, ambulatory care administration, or long-term care administration. Management Residency A management residency is required of all studef\tS. The faculty of the program provide assistance to students in securing the residency, as well as regular consultation during the residency period. The residency requirement may be met by (1) a 3-month full-time residency; (2) concurrent employment while enrolled in M . S . H .A. program; or (3) health care management experience prior to entering the program. Each option must be approved by the program director . Comprehensive Examinations Each candidate must pass the comprehensive examinations covering the health administration field and minor area specialty. Length of Program I The didactic portion of the degree will take two academic years since H . A . courses are offered only once each year and many require prerequisites . However, the course load each semester necessary to complete all requirements for the M.S.H.A. degree will vary, depending upon the educational background of each student. Requirements for Admission Selection of students is a multi-step process. When making application to the program for the M .S.H.A., candidates should send their credentials to: Graduate Program in Health Administration Graduate School of Business Administration University of Colorado at Denver Campus Box 165 1100 Fourteenth Street Denver, CO 80202 CREDENTIALS OR REQUIREMENTS 1 . Completed Application for Graduate Admission Part I and II. 2. Four letters of recommendation from professional or aca demic acquaintances who are familiar with the applicant's academic/professional competence. 3 . Satisfactory test scoreGraduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) preferred. (When registering for the GMAT, use code #4841 to have score report sent to the University of Colo rado Graduate School of Business Administration.) 4. $20 application fee. 5 . Two (2) official transcripts from each college or university attended. Minimum of baccalaureate degree required. 6. A well-formulated career plan articulated in a brief essay, and summarizing the applicant' s reason(s) for seeking the degree. 7. A personal interview with members of the Health Admin istration Student Selection Committee. 8 . Experience in the field of health services administration (preferred, but not absolutely necessary). Admission to the M.S.H.A. degree program is on a competitive basis. Therefore, these admission criteria represent minimum entrance qualifications expected of all students. After the application , recommendations, and essay have been evaluated, the candidate will be contacted to appear for a personal interview with the Student Selection Committee. The personal interview addresses motivation, potential leadership capacity , experience in the field, maturity , and judgment of each applicant. The interview may be waived in special circumstances. The Student Selection Committee forwards its recommenda tions to the Graduate School. applicants whose credentials receive a favorable evaluation will .receive a letter of acceptance from the Graduate School and a of congratulations from the Director of the Graduate Program in Health Administration. Deadlines All credentials should be submitted at the latest by April I for fall semester and October 1 for spring semester . Applications will be reviewed in the order they are received. Early application increases the probability of acceptance. For further information, brochures, and application materials contact the Graduate Program in Health Administration, Gradu ate School of Business Administration, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 Fourteenth Street , Campus Box 165, Denver, CO 80202 (303) 623-4436. Doctor of Business Administration Students should refer to the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog for information regarding the Doctor of Business Admin istration (D.B.A.) program.

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College of Business and Administration I 49 Sample Schedule The following depicts a typical schedule for a full-time student who must take aU the fundamental courses and complete the management residency. First Semester Semnd Semester Summer Third Semester Fourth Semester BA 502-3 BA 507-3------BA 500-1 ------*IS 645-3 Statistics Management Science Sources of Information Systems/ Management BA505-3 BA 501-3----Accounting-------HA 664-3 ----------------FIN 601-3 Financial \ Managerial BA 508-3 -----+ Economics Accounting Strategic Planning /and Policy HA 6023 Health 6273 Program ______________ __. HA 601-3 Medical Care Organization Marketing HA 620-2 Health Sciences BA 504-3------Electives3---------------Management and Organization Semester Hours 15 15 6 HA 670-3 Institutional Management I BA 506-3 Business Law Minor3 15 *If the student enrolls for BA 502 and BA 507 as separate courses. then h e /she must take either I S 645 or HA 627. HA 671-2 Institutional Management II HA 644-2 Legal and Ethical Problems Minor6 13 t j\-

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Daniel/ . Schier, Acting Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE The College of Design and Planning at CU-Denver offers five graduate programs: the Master of Architecture, Master of Archi tecture in Urban Design, Master of Interior Design, Master of Landscape Architecture, and Master in Planning and Community Development; and one service program, the Center for Commun!ty Development and Design. Undergraduate programs in the College are available only through the University of Colorado at Boulder, and students interested in the Bachelor of Environ mental Design degree should see the catalog for that campus. The College offers programs for two purposes: to train men and women who can meet the complex and demanding challenge of develqping and shaping the environment, and to provide the practicing professional a means of keeping abreast of cultural and technological changes. In recent years, the roles and responsibilities of the environ mental design professions have broadened. The social and phys ical problems encountered by the architect , the urban designer, the landscape architect, the planner, the technologist in environ mental systems, and the interior designer have minimized the lines of demarcation among these professions, and interdependence among them has increased. The College maintains traditional and essential ties with the professions and practitioners in the community and relies on local professionals to reinforce its teaching program. The College of Design and Planning is a member of the Associa tion of Collegiate Schools of Architecture and Collegiate Schools of Planning and is represented by its students, faculty, and alumni on various professional boards, committees, and societies. The Architecture Division is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. The College's program in planning was granted renewed recognition by the American Planning Associa tion in 1980 for a five-year period. In 1983, the landscape architec ture program received full accreditation from the Accrediting Board of the American Society of Landscape Architects. Full professional status in most environmental design fields gen erally requires a minimum of five or six years of academic exper ience and two or three years of practical experience followed by state registration or licensing through a professional examination. Qualifications for success in these careers are not easily mea sured. Candidates for this profession must have the ability to complete successfully an academic program ranging from funda mental humanistic and scientific courses through applied tech nical activity to full creative development. They should have a background of secondary education that includes courses in mathematics and physics. Some experience in creative activity may aid them in predetermining if personal satisfaction is derived from the creative process. Design and Planning Library The Design and Planning Library, a branch of the Auraria Library, serves as a learning resource center for the design fields. It contains the following collections provided to support the curricula of the College: 1. Professional reference collection containing technical mate rials selected to support design and planning studio projects. 2. Core collection of circulating materials comprised of stan dard works in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, interior design, urban design, and urban planning. 3. Collection of planning documents issued by local, regional, state, and federal agencies with an emphasis on materials pertain ing to Colorado communities and concerns. 4. Collection of periodicals relating to the design fields. 5. Reserve collection providing resource materials for required and supplemental class reading. 6 . Small, but growing , nonprint media collection which includes architectural slides and microcomputer software. In addition, the main Auraria Library houses background and research materials of interest to design and planning students and faculty, including materials in the arts, humanities, social sci ences, and engineering. The branch library is open 59 hours per week, including some evening and weekend hours. The staff includes a librarian, one library assistant, and several student assistants. The branch library provides a number of services including reference and research assistance, library-use instruction , and circulation of materials. Additional services, such as interlibrary loans and com puter-assisted research, are provided through the main Auraria Library. Computer-Aided Instruction The College established a computer-aided instruction labora tory in the fall of 1981. The laboratory has micro and mini computers with access to computers on other campuses. The computers are being used in the areas of computer-aided design,

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solar architecture, space planning, computer graphics, site engi neering, and planning. Model Shop and Photo Laboratory The College maintains a darkroom for student use as well as a variety of camera and audiovisual equipment. These facilities are valuable aides in preparing class presentations, design projects, portfolios, and in learning multi-media techniques for presenta tions. The model s hop is available for use in fabricating architec tural models and in furniture design projects. A staff technician is on duty to assist students in the use of these facilities. Financial Aid Graduate scholarships and fellowships are available to con tinuing students only, with the exception of Colorado Grants. A limited number of Colorado Grants are available to new students who are residents of the State of Colorado and who fulfill the University's criteria for financial need. Forms to apply for State of Colorado Graduate Grants, Federal Work-Study Assistance, and Federal National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) are available through the Office of Financial Aid, University of Colorado at D enver, 1100 14th Street , Denver, CO 80202. Grade -Point Average Requirement a n d Scholastic Suspension Students must maintain a 3.0 average for a degree. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirements during any semester will be permitted to continue their studies during the second semester, but will be placed on probatioo. Students who fail to meet the minimum requirement after two semesters will be sus pended. After a period of one year, appeal for readmission may be made by petitioning the Scholastic Deficiency Committee of the College or the director. Nondegree S tudents B eginning with Fall 1981, the College of Design and Planning accepts only up to 16 credit hours of courses taken as a graduate non-degree student for application toward degree credit. Residence Requirement A student must be in residence for at least one full academic year's work, which is normally 30 semester hours. Time Limit Beginning with Fall1981 , students in two-year programs must complete all work required for a graduate degree within a five year period from the time of first enrolling for classes as a degree candidate. Students in three-year programs must complete all work within a six-year period. Elective Courses Elective courses must be at the 300 level or above. Students sho uld check with their respective director regarding subject choices. MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE The Division of Architecture offers three degree programs, all of which lead to the Master of Architecture. The three programs College of Design and Planning I 51 are named by typical time-in-residence: three-year, two-year, and one-year programs. The three-and two-year programs lead to the first professional degree for architectural practice; the one-year program leads to a second professional degree. The one-year program is open only to applicants already hold ing the first professional degree in architecture (generally the bachelor 's, occasionally the master's) and entails a minimum of 32 credit hours . Individually organized studies are focused on the student's interests in architecture or in architecture with an energy specialization. The two-year program is open to holder s of the Bachelor of Environmental Design or Architectural Studies degree and is arranged to receive graduates of the Division of Environmental Design at Boulder or similar undergraduat e studies at other schools and entails a minimum of 64 credit hours. The three-year program is open to holders of the bachelor's degree in all other fields and typically requires 96 credit hours for completion. C u r ricul u m The Division of Architectur'e is a professional school; its role and purpose is the education of men and women who wish to design buildings. The division provides studies in archit!!ctural design, graphic communications, history and theory, technology, and professional practice . Architectural design is the central activity of the several pro grams, and the design studio serves to integrate architectural learning from all course work in the supportive arts and sciences. Most studios are conducted on the case study skill in the definition and the solution of design problems is acquired ' through the analysis and the working of exercises which simulate actual building problems . Advanced studio options are available with projects in the Center for Community Development and Design. The design thesis is the culmination of architectural studies. Communications courses provide the graphic skills necessary to present design ideas. History and theory courses anchor the student's work in social responsibility and in an understanding of the forces that give shape to buildings and cities. Technology courses give basics in structures and in the environmental con cerns of utilities , heating, lighting , and acoustics. Professional courses provide exposure to the workings of contemporary prac tice, and an internship in a practicing professional's office is a course option in the final year. The goal of all of these studies is competency f?.r the graduates of the division as intelligent, knowledgeable , and creative design ers, each at the threshold of entry to architectural careers in private practice, government, or industry. Admission Requirements APPLICATI O N The complete set of materials for application for the Master of Architecture programs include the application form, college tran scripts, three recommendations, statement of purpose , and a portfolio of academic and professional work. To be considered for admission, the complete set of application materials must be received by March 15 preceding the fall semester of entry. The portfolio must be no larger than 14 inches by 17 inches. The application form and additional information may be obtained by

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52 I University of Colorado at Denver writing to the Director of Architecture , University of Colorado at Denver , 1100 14th Street , Denver, CO 80202 . Applicants to the three-year program must hold a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts, or Bachelor of Science degree from an accredited four-year college or university. The three-year program requires a prerequisite of college mathematics through introduc tory calculus. This mathematics prerequisite must be completed before entering the program. A four-year degree in architecture or environmental design from an accredited college or university is required for acceptance into the two-year program. A Bachelor or Master of Architecture degree from an accredited archite ctur e program is required for acceptance into the one-year maste r ' s program. ADMISSION An Admissions Committee will review the application m a te rials and select students to be admitted to programs. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, or have not been accepted , prior to May 1. The recommended minimum grade-point average is 2.75 on a 4 point scale. If the student ' s grade-point average is below 2. 75, the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is recommended as part of the application materials . The student , however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application mate rials and not the grade-point average alone. One-Year Program The one-year program is available only to student s already holding the first professional degree, the Bachelor or Mas t e r of Architecture . The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactorY completion of 32 semester hours of studio course work and thesis. Two study programs are offered, Urban Design (see the Division of Urban Design) and Energy. The Enetgy curriculum was inaugurated in the Fall of 1981 and brings together outstanding faculty from the profession and research . The program provides studio opportunities exploring energy lY' the basis for a new design paradigm and provides studies in building energy performance quantification . These studies in energy design and analysis are supported by the com puter laboratory within the College. Twa-Year Program The two-year program is open to the student w ith a foury e ar Bachelor of Environmental Design or A rchi tectural Studie s degree who seeks the first professional degree in architecture . The program is a two-year, 64-semester-hour series of studies leading to the Master of Architecture degree. Students in the third or fourth year of the University of Colo rado at Boulder Environmental Design degree program who intend to pursue the Master of Architecture should take Struc tures (ENVD 452 and 453); Environmental Systems (ENVD 450); Materials and Methods of Construction (ENVD 451); Architectural History (ENVD 470 and 471); and Architectural Graphics (ENVD 420 and 421); and a minimum of six semesters of design (including ENVD 402 and 403). Students from other four-year design programs must have taken two semesters of architectural history, two semesters of basic structures (stati s ics, strength of materials) and must show, with the portfolio, a graph ics ability equivalent to the twosemester course in architectural graphics. Required courses in the two-year program that have been taken by the student in prior studies may be waived if the grade receive d is B or above. The Master of Architecture is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 64 semester hours and all required courses. Two. YEAR PROGRAM COURSE REQUIRE M Er-ITS Semeste r Hours Architectural design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Technologies . . . . . . . . . ...... . . . .......... ................ . ..... 18 Theory ....................................................... 4 Professional practice and constru ction documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives ................. ....... ............................. __! Total 64 Three-Year Program The threey ear program i s open to students with a bachelor' s degree, with a particular program prerequisite of one year of high school or college basic physics and college mathematics through calculus. The mathematics and physics requirement must be com pleted before entering the program. THRE E YEAR PROGRAM COURSE R EQUIREMENTS Semeste r Hours Architectural design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Theory ... . ................................................... 10 Graphic communications . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. .. . . .. 6 Professional practice and construction documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Planning ..................................................... 3 E lect i ves .. . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .. . .. .. .. .. . . 9 Total 96 RECOMMENDED ORDER OF STUDIES Two -YEAR PROGRAM: 600 and 700 levels THREE YEAR PROGRAM: 500 , 600 , and 700 levels Fall Semester: 500 level Semester Hours Arch. 500. Design .... .......................................... 5 Arch. 505. Introdu ction to Architecture Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Arch. 51 0 . Graphics I . . . . . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. .. 3 Arch. 551. Materials and Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 552. Structures l ................ .......................... 3 Arch. 571. 19th-and 20th -Century History ......................... 3 Spring Semester: 500 level Arch. 501. Design .................. ............................ 5 Arch. 51 I. Graphics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 553. Structures II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Theory Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fall Semester: 600 level Arch. 600 Design . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 Arch. 605. Introduction to Architecture Division (two-year students only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Arch. 630 . Site Engineering .................................... . 3 P . C . D . 500 . Fundamentals of Planning ............................ . 3 Arch. 650 . HV AC ....... .... • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 665. Stru ctures Ill . ........................................ 3 Spring Semeste r : 600 level Arch. 601. Design . ............................................. 5 Arch. 65 I. Lighting and Acoustics .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Arch. 66 I. Construction Documents .. . .. . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . .. . .. .. .. . 3 Arch. 666. Structures IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Theory Requirement .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. . .. .. . .. .. . 3

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Fall Semester: 700 level Arch. 660. Professional Practice . .. .. .. .. . • .. .. .. . .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. . 3 Arch. 700. Design .. ... . . . . ..... ............•.... ....... . ....... 5 Arch. 712. Thesis Preparation . . . . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . .. . .. .. . 3 Spring Semester: 700 level All required courses to be completed prior to Arch. 701/750 . Arch . 701. Design Thesis ........................•...•.......... . 7 Arch. 750. Systems Synthesis ........................•........... . 3 MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN DESIGN Urban design is one of the graduate design and planning pro grams taught at CU-Denver' s ideal location in the core of the metropolitan Denver area. The curricula focus on the complex problems that are generated by change and growth in a vigorous urban and regional laboratory . Emphasis is given to participatory community and publicly funded design, research , and technology. Special efforts are made to use the vast resources available from federal, state, and local agencies and institutions which are con centrated in the immediate community. Specific courses and projects are arranged to incorporate these allied academic, civic and citizen inputs into the design processes . The sequential format, content, and progression of the Archi tecture in Urban Design program has been developed to provide a broad range of study which combines architecture , landscape , planning , urban design , business , and public affairs meth odologies. Direct contact and coordination with the activities of the students and faculty in these disciplines is an essential part of the curriculum. Importance is given to the problem-solving pro cesses associated with mixed use complexes , neighborhood , activity center , village, town, mainstreet , and cityscape projects . Specific courses in urban technologies, urban theories, envi ronmental impact analysis, including social and economic plan ning factors, are available. Options Two sequences are available in the program . The one-year postprofessional program is for students who have obtained a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree. The other is a Main streets non-prelicensing two-year graduate degree for students who have received a bachelor ' s degree in environmental design, landscape, architectural studies, planning, business, engineering, social sciences, or urban studies . In both sequences, studio and/or field work is the focal point for the specialization selected by the student. The projects chosen are developed on an independent study basis. Meetings, seminars , and evaluations are scheduled between the student and the faculty advisers. Cognate courses are selected with the guidance of the faculty advisers from related subjects offered by the College or other units of the University. Postprofessional In the one-year program, the thesis sequence is a synthesis of the special factors influencing urban design in one of five options: recreational facilities, community deve lopment , rehabilitation or renewal , transportation , and health care. In this phase students are carefully advised throughout the period of their independent research and design studies . Opportunities to do state and city outreach work in association with the Center for Community Development and Design (the College state-wide design aid field College of Design and Planning I 53 program for ethnic and economic minorities) are available or heavily emphasized . Many other real problems and/or case stud ies from the community, which require anticipatory and feasi bility design and development, also are considered. During the final sequence semester of the one-year program, students have a wide choice of professional electives which can be closely related to their thesis problem selection. Whenever possible , individual or team projects in cooperation with allied disciplines and institu tions are encouraged . A degree is awarded upon satisfactory completion of 30 semester credit hours minimum. The program is structured for students who wish to pursue advanced studies in compound, complex community architecture and urban design problems. ONE-YEAR S EQUENCE Course R equirements Semester Hours Urban Design Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Thesi s Preparation . . .. .. . .. . . . .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. . .. . . .. . . . .. .. .. 2 Environmental Analysis .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . 3 Planning, Landscape Electives .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 Thesis Studio . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .. .. . . 5 Urban Design Seminar . . .. . . . . .. . . . . .. .. .. . . • . .. . .. .. . .. .. .. .. . 3 Professional Electives ......................................... . ___ Total 30 Main streets In the two-year program , the new intercollegiate urban design emphasis option is now operational. The University of Colorado at Denver is responding to a regional and national demand for educated young professionals in the complex field of mainstreet conservation. The two distinguishing features of this program are (I) urban design for the first time is being given the interdisciplin ary curriculum in the fields it actually covers in the professional world (public affairs, business, real estate development , com munity development , planning and design) and (2) the program and its curriculum are based on the evolving concept of service learning education . Through the College of Design and Planning , outreach division requests for mainstreet technical assistance and research studies are matched with faculty and student research and assistance teams through existing core and elective courses. In one-third of the curriculum , students either will have the opportunity , or will be required , to join with interdisciplinary assistance teams. Not only does the students ' education improve , but also Colorado communities receive a service that draws upon the most current state of knowledge, technologies, and methodologies . Students will be given the knowledge base and practitioner skills to work successfully in a local context which embraces community composition , political organization , decision-making processes, small business management and operation , and the physical environment. Employment opportunities for persons completing the program include town management , economic development , mainstreets revitalization , and community develop ment in the public sector as well as development , real estate , and planning in the privat e sector . The program is structured and arranged sequentially to max imize the opportunity for real world experience through design studio , internship, and thesis requirements. Whenever possible, s tudents will be encouraged to work in a particular neighborhood or rural community throughout their programs.

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I . ) 54 / . University of Colorado at Denver Two.YEAR S EQUENCE Fall Semester, First Year Semeste r Hours L .A. 510. Graphic Communication• (or Arch. 510) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P .C.D. 570. Development of Environmental Form • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 P . C .D. 505. Fundamentals of Community Development 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 P .Ad. 532. Public Policy Analysis and Evaluation 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 P.C. D . 615. Small Town and Neighborhood Planning1 •••••••••••••• _1 15 Spring Semester, First Year L.A. 690. Research Methods for Designers/Planners • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 452. Small Business Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 U . D . 684 . Urban Development Economics1 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 L.A. 630. Landscape Architecture for Allied Designers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 U . D . 601. Design Studio 11 . . ..•...•. ...••.••......... ......•... _1 15 Fall Semester, Second Year P.Ad. 521. Organization Theory and Administrative Behavior ................................................... 3 U . D . 722. Mainstreets Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 U.D. 700. Interdisciplinary Design • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 U.D. 712. Thesis Preparation• . . . .. .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. . . . . . . .. .. 2 Mk. 330 . Marketing Research ................................... _1 16 Spring Semester, Second Year P .Ad. 598. Special Topics in Public Administration (Public/Privat e Sector Linkages) . . . . .. .. . . . .. .. .. . . .. .. .. . . . .. . 3 Acct. 480 . Accounting for Government and Nonprofit Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . • . . 3 P . C . D . 710. Legal Aspects of Planning..... ............. ..... ..... 3 U . D . 701. Thesis1 ............................................• _2 14 Total 60 Summer T erm The student with little or no experience in the field will be required to participate in a full-time summer internship on a Mainstreet. Electives The following courses will be considered as electives and will serve as substitutes for courses waived as a result of a student's prior education and/or experience. Public Administration P .Ad. 598. Special Topics in Public Administration (Managing Colorado's Growth: Economic, Environmental and Energy Tradeoffs) P.Ad. 50 I . Fundamentals of Public Administration P.Ad. 502. Statistics for Public Administration P.Ad. 505. Economics of the Public Sector P.Ad. 522. Human Resources Management P.Ad. 550. Governmental Accounting P.Ad. 554. Organization Development Design Arch. 57 I. 19th and 20th Century Architectural History Arch. 670. American Architectural History Arch. 672. 20th Century Theory and Criticism Arch. 6 78. Preservation Physical Factors L.A. 570. Landscape Architecture History and Theory Seminar L.A. 630 . Landscape Architecture for Allied Designers L.A. 680 . Rocky Mountain Plant Materials L.A. 691. Ecological Systems Analysi s and Adaptation U . D . 784. Urban Design Seminar . i Planning P.C.D. 520, 521. P.C.D. Methodology and Techniques I and II P . C . D . 600. Social Policy Analysis and Planning P .C.D. 660. Social Factors in Urban Design P.C. D . 672. Environmental Planning Business/Economics B.Ad. 410. Business and Government B .Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy and Entrepreneurship Mk. 480. Marketing Policies and Strategies R.Es. 454. Real Estate Fmance Econ. 478. Economic Development Theory and Problems II Econ. 521. Public Fmance I Budgeting and Expenditures Econ. 621. Public Finance I Econ. 626. Seminar: Urban Land Economics Admission Requirements In order for students to be considered for admission into the Master of Architecture in Urban Design program, they must submit application forms, college transcripts, three letters of recommendation, statement of purpose , and a portfolio of aca demic and professional work by March IS preceding the fall semester they wish to enter . For foreign students who are consid ering a second professional degree, the College has begun a policy of admi tting students coming directly from overseas into the spring semester only. Applications for all programs must be received by March IS of the preceding year. All other application requirements must be met. All portfolio materials submitted with the application must be in BW' by 14" format or smaller.If slides are included, they must be in a loose-leaf slide holder . It i s recommended that students indicate the type and length of all work experience they have had since receiving a degree. Applica tion forms and information may be obtained by writing to the Director of Master of Architecture in Urban Design, Co1lege of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202. MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGN The master' s degree program in Interior Design is structured to educate designers who will be qualified to assume responsible leadership roles in the continuing growth of the profession and in the improvement of the quality of mankind' s near environment. There are two programs leading to the Master of Interior Design degree. The two-year program is open to applicants holding Bach elor of Interior Design, Bachelor of Environmental Design, or Bachelor of Architecture degrees. The three-year program is designed for applicants holding bachelor' s degrees in other fields from accredited four-year colleges or universities. The program is characteristically unique i n the following ways: Multidisciplinary Approach. Individualized instruction and guidance are provided to help students acquire skills and know! edge integrated from related disciplines. Accordingly, the student develops personal models and methodologies within a multi disciplinary conceptual framework, acquiring the tools needed for analysis, design, and evaluation of interior environments. ' C or e courses. ' '

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Interior Design Program Objective s . The interior design pro gram is premised on a curriculum that is exploratory, philosophical, scholarly, and practical , producing creative and knowledgeable designers capable of thinking and d esigning comprehensively. By integrating the traditional design studio format with collective student research , this program pre pare s students to think on an advanced level in design problem solving. The professional communit y serves as an auxiliary source of educational enrichment by providing student s with opportunit ies to combine theoretical and applied learning. Admission Requirements APPLICATION In order to be considered for admission into the two-year graduate program, applicant s must submit application forms, two original transcripts , three recommendations, a statement of pur pose, and a portfolio of approximately 14" x 17" size, to include representative work of specific design disciplimi(s) exemplifying the ability to draft, sketch, render , and letter , as well as to solve design problems. Research data and slides of prototypes of com pleted work should be included if pertinent. Slides are acceptable, but all work must be annotated . In instances where team work is represented, applicants must indicate specific individual responsibilities. A resume must accompany the portfolio. Applicants to be considered for admission into the three-year graduate program must submit application forms, two original transcripts , three recommendations , a statement of purpos e , and a resume. If the applicant has a degree(s) i n a two-dimensional design discipline, a portfolio of approximately 14" x 17" size of representat ive work should be submitted . Slides are acceptable, but aU work must b e annotat e d . The application deadline is March 15. Application forms and information may be obtained b y writing to the Director of Interior Design, College of Design and Planning, Univ ersit y of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver, CO 80202. ADMISSION A Faculty Admissions Committee will review the application materials and select the students to be admitted to the program. Applicants will be notified that they have been accepted, are on a waiting list, or have not been accepted, prior to May I . The recommended minimum gradepoint average is 3 . 0 on a 4point scale. If the student's grade-point average is below 3 . 0 , the Graduate Record Examination is recommended as part of the application materials . The student , however, will be evaluated for admission on the basis of all the application materials and not the grade-point average alone. ORDE R OF S1tlDIES Fall Semes t e r , First Year Semester Hours lnt.D . 500 . Interior Design Studio I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 510. (Arch. 51 0) Graphic Communications I . . . .. .. .. .. . . . . .. 3 lnt.D . 530. Principles and Methods of Programming . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 2 Arch. 551. Materials and Methods of Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int.D. 557. Elements of Structure ................................ _l 16 College of Design and Plqnning I 55 Spring Semester, First Year lnt.D . 501. Interior Design Studio II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . .. . . .. 5 L.A. 511. (Arch. 511) Graphic Communications II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int.D. 552. Survey of Finish Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 lnt.D. 571. Color/Lighting...................................... 3 Arch. 551. Architecture of the 19th and 20th Centuries ............. _l 16 Fall Semes t e r , Second Year lnt . D . 600 . Interior Design Studio Ill . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 lnt.D . 620 . History of Interiors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 650 . HV AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch. 651. Lighting and Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int. D . 660 . Furniture Design .................................... _l 17 Spring Semester, Second Year lnt.D . 601. Interior Design Studio IV .. . . . . . . . .. . .. .. .. .. .. . . . . .. . 5 Int.D. 621. History of Interiors . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. .. . . .. . . .. .. . . . . 3 Arch. 663. Designer and the Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . • . . . . . . 2 lnt.D . 681. Interior Construction Detailing .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. 3 Electives .................................. . ......... ......... _l 16 Fall Semester, Third Year Int.D. 700. Interior Design Studio V .......................... , .. 5 lnt.D . 702. Thesis Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Int. D . 724. Environmental Signage and Graphic Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives/Seminars ............................................ _.2 17 Spring Semester, Third Year lnt.D . 701. Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Electives/Seminars ..............•........•.................... 2 Total H ours Two-Year Program Total Hours Three-Year Program ELECTIVES/SEMINARS 14 64 96 Electives and seminars are offered on topics pertinent to the interior design discipline, i.e., Environmental Psychology, Man Environment Systems, Sociology, Environmental Form, and Research Methods. Specific topics are listed in the Schedule of Courses for each semester. MASTER OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE The Master of Landscape Architecture (M.L.A. ) degree pro gram at the University of Colorado at Denver is fully accredited by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board, American Society of Landscape Architects. This academic program leading to the M .L.A. ,responds to a perceived need to offer professional training that prepares stu dents to meet the complex and demanding challenges of shaping the arid region landscape. Urban and rural development pressure in the western region has created an urgent need for comprehensive landscape problem-solving skills. These skills include an understanding of the earth sciences which determine the arid region concept of " environmental limits and tolerances." The processes described in

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56 I University of Colorado at Denver these related earth sciences provide a regional concept for design ing and planning landscape for public and private use, human enrichment, and resource conservation. Two programs are offered leading to the Master of Landscape Architecture degree. Student s entering the program without a first professional degree are required to take a minimum of 96 hours. This is essentially a three-year program. Applicants who enter with a first professional degree (B.L.A. or B.Arch. ) are required to take a minimum of 64 credit hours in a two-year program. These two programs offer the candidate an opportunity to develop an elective package, parallel to the M.L.A. core curricu lum, which would give the student the equivalent of a related professional minor. The electives are included in the hour r equire ments for both the two-and three-year programs. A thesis is required of all M.L.A candidates . The thesis is the culmination of the academic curriculum. More specifically, the thesis sequence requirement comprises three courses: Research Methods for Designers and Planners, Landscape Architecture Thesis Research, and Landscape Architecture Thesis. The thesis may be a design, research , natural resource , community develop ment, or historic topic, and each must include a case study proof . The Curriculum The curriculum has been planned to include those awarenesses and skills considered essential to core and advanced profe ssional training in the field oflandscape architecture . These areas include concentration in design, land and building technology, history and theory of the built environment, and a working knowledge of natural systems. The primary focus of the program is DESIG and the design process . Opportunities exist to develop complementary knowledge and skills related to interdisciplinary projects involving the other Col lege of Design and Planning programs in Architecture , Planning and Community Development, Interior Design, and Architecture in Urban Design. Additionally, through the Center for Com munity Development and Design (CCDD is an outreach program in the College of Design and Planning), the M.L.A. candidate is afforded thy opportunity for actual project experience either in the Denver metropolitan area or the state of Colorado . The hierarchy of courses from term to term for the most part is planned sequentially leading to the thesis. The thesis is intended to be a comprehensive individual experience under the guidance of the entire L.A. faculty and applicable outside specialists. Admission Requirements Applicants to the three-year program or those who do not have a first professional degree (Bachelor of Landscape Architecture) should have proficiency in college mathematics, physical science, English, environmental science, and a basic course in art or drawing. Applicants to the two-year program having undergraduate degrees in urban and regional planning, architecture , environ mental design, or other physical design degrees are considered for admission upon individual evaluation of their undergraduate cur riculum, scholastic performance , and professional experience . To be considered for admission into the graduate programs in land scape architecture, applicants must submit application forms, a $20 application f e e , official college transcripts , three letters of recommendation, statement of purpose, and a portfolio of aca demic and professional work by March 15 preceding the fall semester they wish to enter the program. The portfolio format should be 14" by 17" or smaller . Application forms and further information may be obtained by writing to the Director, Landscape Architecture, College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202. ORDER O F STIJDIES Fall Semester, First Year Semester Hours L.A. 500. Landscape Architecture Design I (Basic Design and Site Planning-Scale I) .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . 6 L.A. 51 0 . Graphic Communication I .. . . . .. . . .. . .. • . . .. . . . .. .. .. . 3 L.A. 561. Retreat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I L.A. 580. Rocky Mountain Plant Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 590. Semi-Arid Region Ecology Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 16 Spring Semester, First Year L.A. 50 I . Landscape Architecture Design IJ (Site Planning-Scale I and II) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . 6 L.A. 550. Landscape Engineering I .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 L.A. 570. Landscape Architecture History and Theory Seminar (History II) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 L.A. 581. Rocky Mountain Plant Design .. ........................ _l 17 Fall S emester, Second Year L.A. 600. Landscape Architecture Design III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 L.A. 650. Landscape Engineering II .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 L.A. 661. Retreat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I L.A. 691. Ecological Systems Analysis and Adaptation . . . . . .. . .. . .. . 3 L.A. 692. Natural Resources Issues Seminar ............ . . . ... ... . . _l 18 Spring Semeste r , Second Year L.A. 60 I . Landscape Architecture Design IV (Regional Design) . . . . . . 6 L.A. 660. Landscape Engineering IU . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 690. Research Methods for Designers and Planners . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives . .......... .............. . ..... . ............. . ....... _l 17 Fall Semester, Third Year L.A. 700. Landscape Architecture Design V (Interdisciplinary Urban Design) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 5 L.A. 761. Retreat ..................................•..... . . . . . . L.A. 790. Landscape Architecture Thesis Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Electives ..................................................... 3 Electives ......... ...•... ................... . . . ...•...• .... . . . _l 16 Spring Semester, Third Year L.A. 701. Landscape Architecture Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 L.A. 760. Landscape Architecture Professional Practice Seminar . . . . . 3 Electives ............. ........... ...... . . ................... . . _l 12 Total hours required for the M .L.A. degree ........ . . ......... 96

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MASTER'S DEGREE IN PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT The MPCD Division prepares students to become professional planners-career specialists in researching , designing , evaluating, and implementing strategies of environmental and community action. Planners build careers in such fields as environmental design, community development, land use and growth management , social services, environmental administration and assessment, policy analysis , energy development , natural resources, land development, private planning consultation, corporate planning, urban redevelopment, housing, and regional planning. Because Denver is the Rocky Mountain West's central location for managing and planning these fields of action, CU Denver planning students are often able to combine learning general principles and skills in the classroom with practical working experience in nearb y operating agencies and organizations . The program welcomes part-time and non-traditional s tudents . Curriculum The curriculum requires 60 semester hours as a minimum for graduation. Thirty-six of these semester hours are required core courses aimed at training the student in basic;; planning purposes , principles , content, research methods, techniques and implementation. Of these required credits, 3 are spent in experiential learning and internships with public agencies and other organizations. Three plan-making studios are required with one possibility being an integrated studio with the other design divisions in the College, and the last studio being a thesis. Another 24 credit hours of the curriculum are elective. They are chosen in consultation with the student's faculty adviser to form a consistent pattern of planning expertise along the lines of the i ndividual 's major interests. The courses may be chosen from the MPCD's own core electives, from other programs in the College of Design and Planning, or from other graduate schools at CU Denver and the metro area . The division has organized the following optional areas of specialization: Community and Economic Development Energy, Natural Resources, and Environmental Planning land Use Planning, Transportation, and Physical Design Planning and Community Development Administration Regional Analysis, Planning, and Administration Small Town and Neighborhood Planning Social Planning and Human Services Admission Requirements Application forms must be submitted by April IS for the fall semester. On a space available basis, applications are occasionally accepted for individual semesters . The deadlines in these cases are: July 10 for fall, December 10 for spring, and April IS for summer. Applications for admission are reviewed by a FacultyStud ent Committee. Criteria for admission include academic performance, work experience, interest, and motivation for study. Application f orms and informatio n may be obtained by writing to Director , Planning and Community Development Program, College of Design and Planning I 57 College of Design and Planning, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver, CO 80202. SPECIAL ACADEMIC PROGRAM To provide unusual educational and practical experiences for outstanding students in all five graduate divisions, the College has established an optional , integrated , multidisciplinary studio. These classes are offered fall semesters to final-year students who choose to work on unique public and private actual design and planning projects for which the College has been asked to provide educational, technical, and research assistance . During the last six years, more than 2S of these comprehensive studies have been completed by teams of students for towns, communities, neighborhoods , institutions , agencies, and companies. The studio is jointly taught by faculty from the five professional divisions and the Center for Community Development and Design. CENTER FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN The Center for Community Development and Design provides educational and technical assistance to solve design, planning, and community development problems upon request to groups, organizations , neighborhoods, communities, and small towns that cannot afford or do not have access to these services. The Center provides these services to aid in the development of the community and to encourage local self-reliance. These services are provided by faculty-student research and assistance teams. A central goal of the Center is to combine academic and practical experience of students working with community members on problem solving through s upervised projects in the field. The faculty and staff of the Center coordinate community projects for which students register thr9ugh classes in the various academic curricula. Students who register for these projects assume an added responsibility of satisfying client needs that go beyond academic credit. Students are expected to do two things: utilize and develop professional e xpertise which not only enhances their own education but also better prepare s them to assist in the community problem-solving process, and to develop an under standing for community participatory processes and be able to integrate these into the technical aspects of their community project. The types of projects students may select to work on include developing a physical design program for a child care center in an i nner-city neighborhood; assisting a neighborhood to organize, design, and implement a self-help housing program in a small mountain town; and developing a comprehensive plan in cooperation with a planning commission in a Colorado high plains town. Community Research Center Conducting applied social science research on the structure and dynamics of communities -whether inner city, suburb , or impacted rural area-is the mission of the Community Research Center (CRC). The CRC completes the triangle of what its projects encompass: assistance, e ducation , and research within the Center for Community Development and Design (CCDD). In

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58 I University of Colorado at Denver addition to functioning as the in-house research arm on CCDD projects , the CRC also conducts research on a contractual basis for government entities, communities, and design/planning professionals. The CRC affords University faculty and students the opportunity to participate in applied research projects. Areas of expertise within the CRC include social impact assessment , program evaluation , social surveying, organizational development, conference planning, and consultation to the design and planning profession on the social and behavioral aspects of design and planning .

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Bettie Helser, Acting Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL The University of Colorado at Denver is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. The Teacher Education Program is fully accredited by the Colorado State Board of Education and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education . The Teacher Certification Program is designed to prepare elementary and secondary teachers for urban school settings through academic work , professional studies , classroom teaching experiences, and community field experiences. Teacher Certification Progams are available at CU-Denver in: Elementary Education (Kindergarten-6th grade) Secondary Education (7th-12th grade) (English, German , French , Spanish, Mathematics , Science, Social Studies) CU-Denver offers a Teacher Certification Program for students who are earning B . A . degrees in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, and students who have previously earned a B.A., B.S., or advanced degree, but who do not have teaching certificates . All course work is at the graduate level. TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM-ELEMENTARY Major Requirements of Undergraduate Students While the faculty of the School of Education at CU-Denver advocates that the most appropriate education for a professional educator is based upon the liberal arts tradition, they also believe that preparation for the teacher of young children must be conceptualized differently from the preparation for the subject specialist in the secondary school. The teacher in the elementary school is truly a generalist and must be cognizant of the basic structure of a wide variety of disciplines. In order to facilitate and ensure the liberal arts education of such a generalist, students who wish to obtain elementary teacher certification will obtain a B.A. degree from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and will select a major of their choice, and also are encouraged to pursue a broad, general education. The following courses required for certification are accepted by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as part of the baccalaureate degree: T .Ed. 100. Exploring Education Math. 303. Mathematics for Elementary Teachers E .Psy. 500. Advanced Psychological Foundations of Education Fnds. 500. Teaching as a Profession EI.Ed. 517. Community and Interpersonal Relations EI.Ed. 518. Instructional Technology One additional three-hour certification course All graduate courses (500 level) are to be taken in the senior year. Students will enroll in the remaining certification courses after the B.A. degree has been conferred. In order to meet the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences requirements , the student must consult the lists of specific courses that satisfy area requirements (i. e., arts and humanities) which are available in the Schedule of Courses published each semester , and should meet with the College advisers . Students must complete at least 45 hours of upper division work (all education courses are upper division) including 16 hours of upper division work in their selected major. Requirements for Teacher Certification General Education I. B .A. or B . S . degree from an accredited institution of higher education. 2 . Course work must include: arts and humanities, science, mathematics, social science, health and physical education . lf students do not have a bachelor' s degree from an accredited institution, they must be enrolled in a program leading to a B.A. degree in the CoUege of Uberal Arts and Sciences. Professional Sequence E .Psy. 500. Advanced Psychological Foundations of Education Fnds. 500. Teaching as a Profession Sp.Ed. 500. Education of Exceptional Children or Sp.Ed. 501. Mainstreaming the Exceptional Chi1d in the Regular Classroom EI.Ed./Sec.E. 517. Community and Interpersonal Relations EI.Ed./Sec. E . 521. Models of Teaching El.Ed./Sec.E. 513. Microteaching (may be waived with prior classroom teaching experience) • El.Ed./Sec. E . 518. Instructional Technology 'Includes field work in metropolitan schools .

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60 I University of Colorado at Denver Elementary Education El.Ed. 514. Elementary Curriculum (Reading, Language Arts, Children's Literature) EI.Ed. 515. Elementary Curriculum (Science, Mathematics, Social Studies) El.Ed. 516. Expressive Arts (Art, Music, Health, P .E.) T .Ed. 570. Student Teaching in the Elementary School Additional Field Experience T.Ed. 100. Exploring Education (required during first semester for students who have not had documented experience with youth) t T.Ed. 575. School Based Field Experience (optional additional field experience) TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAMSECONDARY Major Requirements of Undergraduate Students Students preparing for certification in the secondary school will acquire a broad liberal arts background and will further specialize in the discipline area in which they plan to be endorsed. This specialization must meet the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences requirements for a major and may include additional require ments specified by state certification standards . Advisers in the College and in the School of Education should be consulted on a regular basis. The following courses required for certification are accepted by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences as part of the baccalaure ate degree: T.Ed. 100. Exploring Education E.Psy. 500. Advanoed Psychological Foundations of Education Fnds. 500. Teaching as a Profession Sec. E . 517. Community and Interpersonal Relations Sec.E. 518. Instructional Technology One additional three-hour certification course All graduate courses (500 level) are to be taken in the senior year. Students will enroll in the courses remaining for certification after the B.A. has been conferred. Admissions Procedures A check list which outlines the steps necessary for admission into the Teacher Certification Program is available in the Educa tion office. Students should obtain and follow the procedures as listed. For further information contact the School of Education, 556-2717. Graduate Programs Refer to the Graduate School section of this bulletin for infor mation regarding graduate programs in education. 'Includes field work i n metropolitan schools.

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Paul E. Bartlett, Resident Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROFESSION Through engineering the resources of nature are used for the benefit of humanity and the environment. Engineers today are expected not only to be in the forefront of high technology, but significant contributors to the betterment of the environment in the social and humanistic sense as well. Engineering professional societies have committed themselves to the principle that, as mankind gains the ability to build more powerful machines and more useful devices, there must be a strong and successful effort to protect natural resources and the environment. An engineering career demands hard work, and so does an engineering education. In return engineers have excellent opportunities to work in various places, meet new challenges, or move upward in management. The engineer is generally well paid and usually in demand; in the rare times when there is a surplus of certain kinds of engineers, individuals usually have little difficulty finding attractive opportunities in other fields. Currently, registration is required in all states for the legal right to practice professional engineering. Although there are variations in the state laws, graduation from an accredited curriculum in engineering, subscription to a code of ethics, and four years of qualifying experience are required. In addition, two days of examinations covering the engineering sciences and the applicant's practical experience are required in most states. A listing of the fields in which engineers work would have many hundreds of entries . The following list gives only a brief summary. The aerospace engineering sciences prepare engineers for an industry that encompasses the design and construction of both commercial and military aircraft and the development and fabrication of space vehicles. Advances in this technology have permitted the industry to enter also the fields of urban mass transit, undersea exploration , bio-engineering, nuclear engineering, laser t echnology, and many other emerging high technology fields. An aerospace engineer often works at the forefront of engineering with scientists in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, etc. Applied mathematics meets the need of modem research, which is dependent upon advanced mathematical concepts. Almost all concerns that are engaged in industrial and scientific research today need applied mathematicians, as do organizations involved in computational work, statistical analysis , or stochastics . Architectural engineering involves work within the building industry in engineering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineering. Areas of specialization are: construction engineering, environmental engineering, or structural engineering. Chemical engineers convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products in facilities that include refineries and gasification plants . Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering -oils, metals, glass, plastics, rubber, paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and natural fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many others . Civil engineering offers an interesting and challenging career in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aqueducts, and other structures; in transportation systems including highways, canals, pipelines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and the regulation of rivers; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry, and land reclamation; in the control of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction and contracting industry; and in the problems concerned with mankind's physical environment and the growth of cities. Computer science involves work in the theory, design, and application of computers and computational methods. It includes design and construction of efficient software systems as well as hardware design and manufacture . The application of microprocessors to many areas of engineering has opened new doors in computer engineering and computer science. Electrical engineering offers professional possibilities that include teaching and research in a university; research in development of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, or products ; design of equipment or systems; production and quality-control of electrical products for private industry or government ; and sales or management for a private finh or branch of government. There are numerous specialties within electrical engineering. Among them are the design and application of computer systems; electromagnetic fields, which are basic to radio, television, and related systems; communication theory and signal processing; electrical machinery; solid-state, integrated-circuit, and electron devices; energy and power control systems; and others . The engineering physicist works where new kinds of engineering are being born, or where many fields are being used jointly. General knowledge of the diverse fields of physics provides the ability to deal with industrial problems that cannot be solved by a standardized procedure in a specialized field.

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62 I University of Colorado at Denver Mechanical engineering is very broad in scope, not identified with or restricted to a particular technology, vehicle, device, or system but is concerned with all such subjects , both individually and collectively. Typical starting assignments for the graduating senior include positions with oil, construction, and automotive industries, or in computer-aided design/computeraided manufacturing (CAD/CAM). INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLEGE Undergraduate Degree Programs The College of Engineering at the University of Colorado offers the following engineering bachelor degree programs through departments located on three campuses-Boulder, Denver, and Colorado Springs. Aerospace Engineering Sciences (Boulder) Applied Mathematics (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) Architectural Engineering (Boulder) Chemical Engineering (Boulder) Civil Engineering (Denver and Boulder) Computer Science (Denver and Colorado Springs) Electrical Engineering (Denver, Boulder, and Colorado Springs) Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (Boulder) Mechanical Engineering (Denver and Boulder) The College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU-Denver offers four-year programs leading to the B.S. degree in civil engi neering, computer science, electr ical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. The civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering programs are currently accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC) of t h e Accredita tion Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Availability of Degree Programs-CU-Denver The University of Colorado at Denver will accept for matricula tion only those prospective engineering students who designate a degree program awarded by the CU-Denver College of Engineer ing and Applied Science. For 1985-86, the following engineering degrees are awarded by CU-Denver: civil engineering, computer science, mechanical engineering , electrical engineering, and applied mathematics. Students desiring degree programs other than those named above must appl y to the campus awarding the degree. In some cases, the University campus accepting the stu dent may grant permission to take courses on another CU cam pus, subject to enro llment In suc h cases, the engineering department of the admitting campus will counsel the student in the preparation of course schedules. The course requirements during the freshman year are detailed within the curriculum given under each department. Some of the sop homor e year is common to all, and the remainder of the courses begin to point to the various fields of engineering taught; real specialization begins, however, in the junior year and carries on through the senior year . A fifth year of study leading to the master's degree is strongly urged for qualified students of more than usual ability who feel they can profit from additional study. At CU-Denver it is also possible for a student to obtain a bachelor ' s degree in engineering and a bachelor ' s degree in busi ness in five years plus one or two summer terms. Any of the engineering degree programs can be modified for an excellent premedical program. A second bachelor's degree may be of interest to some students. If liberal arts stu dents elect certain courses in science, mathe matics, and engineering as undergraduates, they may earn an engineering degree in four semesters after graduation from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Graduate Degree Programs CU-Denver offers graduate degree programs in civil engineer ing, computer science, electrical engineering , mechanical engi neering, and applied mathematics. For information regarding courses and requirements leading to the Master of Engineering, Master of Science, or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Graduate School section of this bulletin. Summer Courses Summer term courses are planned for regular students and those who must clear deficiencies. Courses also are offered for high school graduates who wish to enter as freshmen and for those who need to remove subject deficiencies. Students should write to the CU-Denver Office of Admissions and Records for the . Schedule of Summer Courses. For some students there are advantages in starting their college careers during the summer term. Most required freshman and sophomore courses are normally offered at CU-Denver during the summer. The summer term gives students a head s tart and enables them to take a lighter load during the fall semester or take additional courses to enrich their program . Scholarships, Fellowships, and loan Funds Money contributed to the University Development Foundation for assistance to engineering students is deposited in appropriate accounts and used according to the restrictions imposed by the donors. Numerous industries match employee contributions. Applications are available in October or November for the follow ing academic year. Student Organizations A general student organization, known as the Associated Engi neering Students (AES), of which all students in the College are members, has supervision of matters of interest to the whole group. Student chapters (or clubs) of the following professional societies are well establis hed at CU-Denver: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Socie'ty of Women Engineers (SWE) These societies meet frequently to present papers , speakers. films, and other programs of technical interest.

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The following honorary engineering societies have active stu-dent chapters in the College of Engineering and Applied Science: Chi Epsilon, civil and architectural fraternity Eta Kappa Nu, electrical engineering society Tau Beta Pi, engineering society REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION The student must meet the admission requirements described in the General Information section of this bulletin and of the College of Engineering at which the degree program selected by the student is offered. CU-Denver currently offers the following programs: civil engineering, computer science, electrical engi neering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics. Per sons of sufficient maturity and experience who do not meet the prescribed requirements for admission may be admitted upon approval of the resident dean. Beginning students in engineering should be prepared to start analytic geometry-calculus. No credit toward any degree in engi neering will be given for algebra, trigonometry, or precalculus mathematics (Math. 101, 111, 112, and 113), but these courses will be offered to allow a student to make up deficiencies. Any student who questions the adequacy of his or her pre-college background in mathematics should see the applied mathematics coordinator for suggestions. Diagnostic tests covering precalculus mathe matics are at the Auraria Book Center to assist new freshmen in selecting the appropriate beginning mathematics course. To be prepared for the type of mathematics courses that will be taught, the student must be competent in the basic ideas and skills of ordinary algebra, geometry and plane trigonometry. These include such topics as the fundamental operations with algebraic expressions, exponents and radicals, fractions, simple factoring, solution of linear and quadratic equations, graphical representa tion, simple systems of equations, complex numbers, the bi nomial theorem , arithmetic and geometric progressions, log arithms, the trigonometric functions and their use in triangle solving and simple applications, and the standard theorems of geometry, including some solid geometry. It is estimated that it will usually take seven semesters to cover this material adequately in high school. It is strongly recommended that students take at least two units of a foreign language in high school. Beginning in 1987, two years of a foreign language in high school will be a requirement for admission to the College of Engineering. fREsHMEN High School Subjects Required Required for Admission' Units2 English (literature, composition, grammar) .............•.......... . 4 Mathematics distributed as follows: Algebra ..................................................... 2 Geomet:Iy ......................... .......................... 1 Additional mathematics (trigonometry recommended) ............. 1 Natural sciences (physics and chemistry recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social studies and humanities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 (Foreign languages and additional units of English, history, and literature are included) ElectivesJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 16 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 63 High School Subjects Required Required for Admission -Effective Fal/1987 Units English (literature, composition, grammar) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mathematics distributed as follows: Algebra ...................... .......... ..................... 2 Geometry . ............................... ................... I Trigonometry and Analytical Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Natural sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 (to include I unit physics and I unit chemistry; also to include 2 units of laboratory science) Foreign language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Social science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 (to include I unit of U . S . or world history) Electives ...... . .......... ................ ...................... 1 Total 16 Former Students Former students must meet the readmission requirements out lined in the General Information section of this bulletin. Students who interrupt their course of study may be required to take any preparatory courses which have been added during their absence or to repeat courses in which their preparation is assessed to be weak. Transfer Students Students transferring from other accredited collegiate institu tions may be considered for admission on an individual basis if they meet the requirements outlined in the General Information section of this bulletin and the freshman requirements for enter ing the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Intrauniversity transfers, within the same campus.. of the Uni versity, to the College of Engineering and Applied Science will be considered on an individual basis if both of the following condi tions are fulfilled: 1. Enrollment limitations permit. 2. The student's prior academic record fulfills the admissions requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Intercampus transfers of students from one campus of the University to another will be considered on an individual basis if the following conditions are fulfilled: 1. Enrollment limitations permit. 2. The student has a minimum of 30 hours in an engineering curriculum at that campus, not counting transfer hours . 3. If an engineering student, the student is in good academic standing with at least 2. 0 cumulative grade-point average for all courses attempted, for all courses taken from the student's major department, and for all courses that count toward graduation ( 1 Applicants not meeting these requirements will be considered on an individual basis. A student who is not prepared should expect to make up deficiencies. 2A unit of work in high school is defined as a course covering a school year of not fewer than 36 weeks, with five periods of at least 40 minutes per week. (Two periods of manual training, domestic science, drawing, or laboratory work are equivalent 10 one period of classroom work.) This is equivalent to ISO actual periods per unit. Fractional credits of value less than onehalf unit will not be accepted. Not less than one unit of work will be accepted in a foreign language, elementary algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry, or biology. 'Electives may be chosen from any of the high school subjects (except physical education) which are accepted by an accredited school for its diploma and which meet the standards as defined by the North Central Association. However, not more than two units will be considered from drawing, shop. or other vocational work; courses that have descriptive geometry features may be considered for elective units beyond the recommended units.

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64 I University of Colorado at Denver requirements. If not an engineering student , the student ' s aca demic record has all that fulfills the admission requirements of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Interdepartmental transfers, whether on the same campus or from one campus to another within the College of Engineering, require the approval of both the gaining and losing departments in addition to the intercampus and intrauniversity transfer require ments listed above. Some course sequences should be completed before transferring to another campus; therefore, it is strongly recommended that students who contemplate transferring campuses see their department adviser prior to initiating the transfer request. Both intrauniversity and intercampus transfers are subject to review by a faculty committee which evaluates the applicant's qualifications for academic success in engineering subjects. TRANSFER CREDIT After a prospective transfer student has made application and submitted official transcripts to the University of Colorado, Office of Admissions and Records, that office issues a Statement of Advanced Standing (currently Form 382) listing those courses that are acceptable by University standards for transfer . A copy of this statement is sent to the student and to the resident dean' s office by the Office of Admissions and Records and is made a part of the permanent record. The appropriate engineering faculty departmental representative will use this copy of the form to indicate which of those credits listed may be acceptable toward the 128-hour graduation requirement in the College of Engineering and Applied Science and note the tentative acceptance of these credits by dating and initialing each acceptable course listed on the Statement of Advanced Standing. The student should be aware that the acceptance is tentative and is contingent upon satisfactory completion of a minimum of 30 semester hours at the University of Colorado before the credits may be officially applied toward the degree requirements. it is the responsibility of transfer students , after having completed the 30 semester credit hours at the University of Colorado, to request final validation of the credits by their department and to hav.(! this validation noted on the Statement of Advanced Standing kept in the resident dean's office. If at any time a student wishes to have a course not previously accepted considered again for transfer, the student should consult with the departmental transfer adviser and complete a petition to the resident dean through the department chairman. All transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subse quent courses. NONTRANSFERABLE CREDITS Students desiring to transfer credits from engineering tech nology programs should note that such credits are accepted only upon the submission of evidence that the work involved was fully equivalent to that offered in this College. There are technology courses given with titles and textbooks identical to those of some engineering courses. These may still not be equivalent to engineering courses because of emphasis that is nonmathematical or otherwise divergent. In order to assist engineering technology students with transfer planning, the following guidelines have been established: Courses on basic subjects such as mathematics, physics, liter ature, or history may be acceptable for direct transfer of credit if they were taught as part of an accredited program for all students and were not specifically designated for technology students. Students who have taken technology courses (courses with technology designations) that may be valid equivalents for engi neering courses have these options: 1. They may petition faculty advisers to waive the requirement ... , for the course. The requirement for a course can be waived if students demonstrate that, by previous course work, individual study, or work experience they have acquired the background and training normally provided by the course . No credit is given toward graduation for a waived course, but students may benefit from the waiver by being able to include more advanced work later in their curriculum. Other students may profit by taking the course at this College instead and thus establish a fully sound basis for what follows. . 2. Credit for a course may be given if the course work was done at an accredited institution of higher education. The University of Colorado department involved may recommend that credit be transferred to count toward the requirements for a related course in its curriculum . Credit cannot be given for vocational-techniciu or remedial courses under rules of the University. (See section on transfer of college-level credit in the General Information section of this bulletin. ) 3. Students may seek credit for the course by examination. ACADEMIC POLICIES Refer to the General Information section of this bulletin for descriptions of University-wide policies. The following policies apply specifically to the College of Engi neering and Applied Science. Advanced Placement Advanced placement credit may be granted by special examina tion of the department involved or by College Entrance Examina tion Board (CEEB) tests. If the applicant has scored 4 or 5 on the CEEB Advanced Placement Examination, credit toward gradua tion may be awarde'd. Students who have scored 3 may be consid ered for advanced placement by the department concerned. All advanced placement and transfer credit must be validated by satisfactory achievement in subsequent courses, in accordance with standard transfer policies of the College. Advanced placement credit for the freshman mathematics courses in calculus will be limited to not more than 4 hours each. Attendance Regulations Successful work in the College of Engineering and Applied Science is dependent upon regular attendance in all classes. Stu dents who are unavoidably absent should make arrangements with instructors to make up the work missed. Students who, for illness or other good reason, miss a final examination must notify

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the instructor or the resident dean's office no later than the end of the day on which the examination is given. Failure to do so will result in an F in the course. Changing Departments Students who wish to change to another department within the College of Engineering and Applied Science must apply for trans fer by submitting a Change of Major for Undergraduate Degree Students form which must have the approval of both departments concerned. (See also discussion of interdepartmental transfer requirements under Transfer Students.) College-Level Examination (CLEP) Credit Prospective students may earn college-level credit through the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) subject examina tions, provided that they score at the 67th percentile or above. Departments will advise students of the credits accepted for such courses. The number of credits so earned must be within the limits of the number of elective hours of the individual depart ment. A list of subjects in which CLEP examination credit will be accepted may be obtained from the College of Engineering and Applied Science office. (See also College-Level Examination Pro gram in the General Information section of this bulletin.) (CLEP general examinations are not acceptable.) Counseling Freshman students are counseled by the resident dean ' s office and by representatives from each academic department. These representatives are readily available to assist students with aca demic, vocational, or personal concerns. Students are assigned specific departmental advisers for aca demic planning and should contact the departmental office for advising appointments . Course Load Policy Full-time Students . Undergraduate students employed less than 10 hours per week should register for the regular work as outlined in the departmental curricula . Additional courses may be allowed when there is satisfactory evidence that these extra courses can be taken profitably and creditably . Permission to take more than 21 hours may be granted only after written petition and approval of the departmental chairman and the resident dean. Employed Students. Suggested maximum course loads for undergraduate students employed 10 or more hours per week are as follows: Employed 40 or more hours per week-two courses (maximum of 9 semester hours) Employed 30 to 39 hours per week-three courses (maximum of 12 semester hours) Employed 20 to 29 hourse per week -four courses (maximum of 15 semester hours) Employed 10 to 19 hours per week -five courses ( maximum of 18 semester hours) Freshman Year Fundamentals taught in the freshman year are of prime impor tance in the more advanced classes, and every effort is made to register a beginning freshman in the proper courses. (Course College of Engineering and Applied Science I 65 requirements for freshmen are detailed within the curriculum given under each department.) All freshmen are urged to consult their instructors whenever they need help in their assignments. Repetition o{, Courses Students may not register for credit in a course in which they already have received a grade of Cor better . Students must repeat a course in which a grade of D was earned if that course is a prerequisi .te to another course . When a student takes course for credit more than once, all grades are used in determining the grade-point average. An F grade in a required course necessitates a subsequent satisfactory completion of the course. No Credit An engineering student must petition for approval before enrolling no credit (NC) for any course . Required courses may not be taken for no credit. Once a course has been taken NC, the course cannot be repeated for credit. Work Experience It is the policy of the College of Engineering and Applied Science that any credits accrued in the official recoJ:ds of the student that were awarded for work experience (or for Cooper ative Education experience) will not apply as part of the hours require4 for an engineering degree. College Policy on Academic Progress An engineering student must maintain a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 or better, in hours attempted at the University of Colorado, in those courses required toward graduation require ments, and in all courses taken from the student's major depart ment in order to remain in good standing in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Grades earned at another institution are not used in calculating the grade point average at the University of Colorado. However, grades earned in another school or college within the University of Colora4o will be used in determining the student's scholastic standing and progress or lack of progress toward the Bachelor of Science in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Students whose average falls below 2.0 in any of the three categories listed above will be placed on probation for the next semester in which they are enrolled in the College and will be so notified. If, after that semester the student's average is still below 2 .0, the student will be suspended from the College. The following is additional information and interpretation of the policy: I. Students who have been suspended are suspended indefi nitely and may not enroll at any University of Colorado campus during any regular academic year, September through May, but may enroll in summer sessions or Vacation College, and/or may take co"espondence courses for credit through the Division of Continuing Education. 2 . Students who have been suspended may apply for readmis sion during the second semester following their suspension if they bring their University of Colorado cumulative average up to a 2.0 through summer session, Vacation College, and/or correspon dence work applying to engineering degree requirements as approved by a member of the Academic Progress Committee.

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66 I University of Colorado at Denver 3. Students, upon satisfactorily completing at another college or university a minimum of 12 semester hours of acceptable work appropriate to an engineering curriculum subsequent to suspension, may apply for readmission as a transfer student during the second semester following their suspension. 4. Applicants for readmission to the University of Colorado cannot be assured readmission. 5. During a probation semester the student must complete a nonnalload, i.e., 12 hours or more (for a full-time student) of courses counting toward graduation requirements . Physical education courses do not count; if the student has previously completed 6 hours of ROTC courses, ROTC courses do not count; if the required hours of social-humanistic subjects have been completed, social-humanistic subjects do not count. 6. Students who have been on probation or suspension at any time in the past will automatically be suspended if their overall average again falls below a 2.0. Details of the probationary and suspension status and of the conditions for return to good academic standing will be stipulated in the letters of probation and suspension. Information regarding these matters may be obtained in the Office of the Resident Dean, Room UA 516. In addition to College policies, departments within the College may set standards of progress within their department. Academic Ethics (Dishonesty, Cheating) Students are expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Cheating, plagiarism, illegitimate possession and disposition of examinations, alteration, forgery, or falsification of official records, and similar acts or attempts to engage in such acts are grounds for suspension or expulsion from the University. In particular, students are advised that plagiarism consists of any act involving the offering of the work of someone else as the student's own. It is recommended that students consult with their instructors as to the proper preparation of reports , papers, e t c., in order to avoid this and similar offenses. At CU-Denver there is a code of Student Standards of Conduct. A copy of the code and information regarding all student grievance procedures may be obtained in the Student Academic Ser vices office. Grading System, lncompletes, Pass/Foil and Drop/ Add Procedures See the General Information section of this bulletin for the University of Colorado uniform grading system and for additional pass/fail information and drop/add procedures. Also see the current Schedule of Courses. GRADING SYSTEM It is particularly important to note that in the College of Engineering and Applied Science courses to be counted toward fulfilling the graduation requirements cannot be taken no credit (NC) . INCOMPLETES An incomplete may be given by the instructor for circumstances beyond the student ' s control, such as a documented medical or personal emergency. When it is given, the student , the resident dean' s office, and the departmental office are informed, in writing, by the instructor who states what the student is to do in order to remove the incomplete and when the tasks are to be completed. The instructor may assign only the /IF grade. The student is expected to complete the course requirements, e.g., the final examination and term paper, within the established deadline and not to retake the entire course. The grade will be converted automatically to a grade of F after one year unless the specified work is completed. PASS/FAIL The primary purpose for offering courses on a pass/fail grade basis is to encourage students, especially juniors and seniors, to broaden their educational experience by electing challenging upper division social-humanistic elective courses without serious risk to their academic records. In general pass/fail should be limited to 300or 400-level courses. Students must process the pass/fail form during the first two weeks of the semester. Engineering students cannot take required courses pass/fail. Below are specific pass/fail regulations for the College of Engineering and Applied Science: 1. A maximum of 16 pass/fail hours may be included in a student ' s total program. A maximum of 6 hours may be taken in one semester, but it is recommended that not more than one course at a time be taken pass/fail. 2. Courses that a student may elect to take pass/fail shall be designated and approved in advance by the student's major department. If courses not so designated are taken, the earned grade will be recorded in place of the P . An engineering student who has not designated a major field will not be allowed the pass/ fail option without approval through the resident dean's office. 3. A transfer student may count toward graduation one credit hour of pass/fail for each 9 credit hours completed in the College; however, the maximum number of pass/fail hours counting toward graduation shall not exceed 16, including courses taken in the Honors Program under that program's pass/fail grading system. 4 . Students on academic probation should not enroll for pass/ fail courses. DROP/ADD See the General Information section of this bulletin for drop/ add procedures and deadlines. Only under very extenuating circumstances will petitions for dropping courses be considered after the tenth week of the semester. Sequence of Courses Full-time students should complete the courses in the department in which they are registered according to the curriculum shown under their major department in this bulletin. Part-time students may need to modify the order of courses with adviser approval. Any required course failed should be repeated as soon as the course is offered again. Students who receive a grade of D or F in a course that is prerequisite to another may not register for the succeeding course unless they have the permission of both the department and the instructor of the succeeding course. Students may enroll for as much as 50 percent of their courses in work that is not a part of the prescribed curricula of the College of Engineering and Applied Science, provided they have at least a

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2.0 grade average in all college work attempted. Exceptions to this policy may be made by petition and may be made for students admitted to the engineering business program . Graduation With Honors In recognition of high scholastic and professional attainments , Honors or Special Honors (at the discretion of the Engineering Honors and Recognition Committee) will be awarded at gradua tion . These honors will be recorded on the diplomas of the gradu ates receiving them and indicated in the commencement program. Social-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum The faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science requires that 18 semester hours shall be considered the minimum of social-humanistic content of the degree-granting departments. However , some departments require 24 semester hours . Six hours of social-humanistic subjects should be taken at the junior level and 6 at the senior level. These subjects should be taken from the following categories, with no more than half from any one of the three categories listed below: I. Literature (including foreign literature either in the original or in translation). 2. Economics , sociology, political science , history , anthropology, and psychology. 3. Fine arts and music (critical or historical) . Courses such as accounting, contracts , management, elemen tary foreign languages, public speaking, and technical writing should be used as technical electives where applicable. (Elective courses are to be 'Coordinated with the faculty adviser.) Qualified students are encouraged to take appropriate honors courses for social-humanistic electives. The Humanities and Literature Program is designed to develop communication and analytical skills which are essential for every professional person. Engineering students may select courses from the three components of the program : I . Hum. 101, an interdisciplinary, team-taught class, is a core course in the Honors in Humanities Program offered by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. 2 . A sequence of seven Great Books courses . This series, chron ologically arranged, begins with the Classical Heritage and ends with Contemporary World Literature. Students may take any of these courses. They need not be taken in order ; rather, students should choose those historical periods of most interest to them. (The sequence is Engl. 251, 252 , 253, 254, 256, 257 , 258-see the English course descriptions for details.) 3. Engl. 120, Introduction to Fiction, and Engl. 130, Introduction to Poetry and Drama , focus on methodology more than the Great Books sequence, dealing with analyses ofliterary forms and structures. Students must determine the specific requirements of their particular degree programs with respect to humanities and literature. PLANNING AN ENGINEERING PROGRAM It is the responsibility of students to be sure they have fulfilled all the requirements, to file the intended date of graduation in the departmental office at the completion of their junior year, to fill out a Diploma Card at registration at the beginning of the last semester , and to keep the departmental adviser and the resident dean's office College of Engineering and Applied Science I 67 informed of any changes in the students ' plans throughout the last year. In order to become eligible for one of the bachelor's degrees in the College of Engineering and Applied Science, a student , in addition to being in good standing in the University, must meet the following minimum requirements: Courses. The satisfactory completion of the prescribed and elective work in any curriculum as determined by the appropriate department. Hours. A minimum of 128 hours, of which the last 30 shall be earned after matriculation and admission as a degree student in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU is required for students in the four-year curricula; however, many students may need to present more than the minimum hours because of certain departmental requirements and because they may have enrolled in courses which do not carry full credit toward a degree. The hours required for students in the business-engineering pro gram vary by departments; as a guide, 158 semester hours are considered a minimum, but most students follow programs that bring the total above this figure. Grade Average. A minimum grade-point average of 2.0 (C) for all courses attempted, for all required courses, and for all courses taken from the student 's major department. A department may require a minimum grade of C in all major courses. Faculty Recommendation. The recommendation of the faculty of the department offering the degree and the recommendation of the faculty of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Incompletes and Co"espondence Courses. It is the student's responsibility to ensure that all incompletes and correspondence courses are officially completed before the tenth week of the student's final semester in school. Simultaneous Conferring of Degrees. For business-engineering students, the degree B.S. in business and the degree B .S. in engineering must be conferred at the same commencement. Commencement Exercises. Commencement exercises are held in May. Students finishing in December and August may attend commencement the following May or receive diplomas by mail. UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES In addition to the standard four-year degree. programs pre viously listed, the College is involved in the following programs. Business and Engineering Curricula Undergraduates in the College of Engineering and Applied Science with career interests in administration may complete all of the requirements for both a B.S. degree in engineering and a B.S. degree in business by extending their study programs to five years, including one or two s ummer terms. The 48 semester credits required in the College of Business and Administration may be started in the second, third, or fourth year, depending upon the curriculum plan for the particular field of engineering in which the student is enrolled. Students taking these undergraduate programs are not required to submit formal application for admission to the Col lege of Business. However , before enrolling in any business courses, the st udent must see an adviser and have approval from the College of Business. Requirements for the undergraduate business degree and engi neering degree must be completed concurrently . At least a 2.0

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68 I University of Colorado at Denver grade average must be earned in all courses undertaken in the College of Business. Not fewer than 30 semester credits in busi ness courses must be earned to establish residency credit. Courses offered by the College of Business may be used in lieu of electives required for undergraduate engineering degrees, subject to the approval of the individual department. It is also possible for qualified graduates (GPA: 3.0 or better) to complete the requirements for a master ' s degree in business within one year after receiving the baccalaureate degree in engi neering . Before deciding upon the business option, a student should carefully consider, in consultation with departmental advisers, the relative advantages of the B.S. business-B. S . engi neering curricula, the degree program of the Graduate School of Business Administration, and the Master of Science or the Master of Engineering degree program in the student's own engineering discipline. The required nonbusiness courses are listed in the College of Business and Administration section of this bulletin. The business requirements for this program are as follows: Courses Semester Hours Econ. 201 and 202. Principles of Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 (Should be completed during the student' s sophomore year or junior year. ) Acct. 200. Introduction to Financial Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 l.S. 200. Business Information and the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Q.M. 201. Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mk. 300 . Principles of Marketing . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. 3 Fm. 305. Basic Fmance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Pr.Mg. 300. Production and Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Or.Mg. 330. Introduction to Management and Organization . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. 3 B.Law 300 . Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . 3 B.Ad. 410. Business and Government; or B .Ad. 411. Business and Society . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . .. . .. . .. .. .. 3 B.Ad. 450. Cases and Concepts in Business Policy or B.Ad. 452. Small Business Strategy, Policy, and Entrepreneurship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Specified courses in an area of emphasis in one of the following fields: accounting, fmance, information systems, international business, marketing, minerals land management, organization management, personnel-human resources t1lanagement, production and operations management, public agency administration, real estate, small business management, or transpor tation and distribution management. All course work in the area of empha sis must be taken in the University of Colorado College of Business and Administration ................................. .............. . _!1 Total 48 The student should note that for some courses, and for some areas of emphasis, there are prerequisites which must be met. Since some of the courses may be taken as engineering electives, it is possible to obtain the two degrees in as few as 158 semester hours; however, most students will require more. Joint Engineering Degrees A student may obtain two engineering degrees by meeting the requirements and, by petition, obtaining the approval of both departments concerned . Thirty hours of elective or required sub jects in addition to the largest minimum number required by either of the two departments must be completed. Of the 30 additional hours for the second degree, a minimum of 24 hours shall be in courses in the department concerned or in courses approved in writing in advance by the department as substitutes . Premedicine Option A professional school in a field such as medicine requires a student to have a college education prior to pursuing its profes sional courses. In practically all cases, medical students are uni versity graduates , although occasionally a student may enter medical school after three years of university training. A student can prepare for medical school either in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences or in the College of Engineering and Applied Science. The desirability of obtaining an engineering education prior to undertaking a study of medicine is increasing continually, as medicine itself is evolving. A great deal of additional equip ment, most of it electronic , is being developed to assist the medi cal practitioner in treatment of patients. Bio-engineering , engineering systems analysis, probability, and communication theory are highly applicable to medical problems. Improved com munication techniques also are allowing the storage and retrieval of information not previously available to the medical doctor. An advanced knowledge of basic mathematics and computing tech niques, along with increased understanding of physical chemistry, are improving the scientific base upon which medical knowledge rests. It is therefore desirable that the medical practitioner and researcher in the future be well equipped with the tools which engineering can offer. To provide at least a minimum of the necessary knowledge, the additional courses listed below are prescribed and must be com pleted with superior grades. General overall requirements for entry into most medical schools are given. Students can meet these requirements by careful substitution of electives in the engineering curriculum. In some cases where additional hours may be required , interested students should consult with the engineering department chairman. General chemistry (103-106) ................... 2 sem. {8-10 sem. hrs.) Organic chemistry {341, 342, 343, 344) ..................................... 2 sem. {8-10 sem. hrs.) General biology {205-206) ...............•....... 2 sem. {8 sem. hrs.) English composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 sem. (3 sem. hrs.) To prepare for a career in medicine in the College of Engineer ing and Applied Science, it is strongly recommended that the student follow a full four-year college program and earn a B.S. degree. The Admissions Committee of the University of Colorado School of Medicine welcomes inquiries and visits from prospec tive students , particularly at the time of their first interest in medicine as their chosen profession. Students desiring to enter a premedical program should consult the representative of the department involved. At CU-Denver premedical advising is available through the Health Careers Adviser, Science Bldg., Room 223C. GRADUATE STUDY IN ENGINEERING The College of Engineering and Applied Science at CU-Den ver offers graduate programs in civil engineering, computer sci ence, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and applied mathematics.

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For infonnation regarding courses and requirements leading to the degrees Master of Engineering , Master of Environmental Science, Master of Science or to the Ph.D. degree, see the Gradu ate School section of this bulletin . Education for Employed Professional Engineers Continuing education for employed engineers grows more important each year. Therefore , the College puts great emphasis upon making graduate courses available through night and televised courses . The Master of Engineering degree penn its graduate students more flexibility in defining specialized interdisciplinary fields that meet their professional needs. This degree has standards fully equivalent to those of the Master of Science degree. In addition to credit course work , the College works jointly with the Division of Continuing Education to offer noncredit courses of interest to practicing engineers. Concurrent B.S. and M.S. Degree Program in Engineering Students who plan to continue in the Graduate School after completing the requirements for the B . S . degree may apply for admission to the concurrent degree program through their department early in the second semester of their junior year (after completion of at least 80 semester hours) . Requirements are the same as for the two degrees taken separately : 128 credit hours for the B.S. degree and 30 credit hours for the M.S. degree. Sociohumanistic requirements must be completed within the first 128 credit hours . A 3 . 0 grade-point average for all work attempted through the first six semesters (at least 96 credit hours) and written recommendations from at least two major-field faculty members are required . The purpose of the concurrent degree program is to allow the student , who qualifies for graduate study and expects to continue for an advanced degree, to plan his/her graduate program from the beginning of the senior year rather than from the first year of graduate study . The student can then reach the degree of proficiency required to begin research at an earlier time, and can make better and fuller use of c ourses offered only in alternate years. Students will be assigned faculty advisers to help them develop the program best suited to their particular interests. Those in the program will be encouraged to pursue independent study on research problems or in areas of specialization where no fonnal courses are offered . A liberal substitution policy will be followed for courses nonnally required in the last year of the undergraduate curriculum . The program selected must be planned so that the student may qualify for a B .S. degree after completing the credithour requirements for the degree if the student so elects, or if the student ' s grade-point average falls below the 3.0 required to remain in the program. In this case, all hours completed with a passing grade while in the program will count toward fulfilling the nonnal requirements for the B.S. degree. There will be no credit given toward a graduate degree for courses applied to the B . S degree requirements ; however, students are still eligible to apply for admission to The Graduate School under the rules set forth in The Graduat e School section of this bulletin . Nonnally , however, the student will apply for admission to The Graduate School when at least 122 of the 128 credit hours required for the B . S . degree have been completed, and will be awarded the B . S . and College of Engineering and Applied Science I 69 M . S . degrees simultaneously upon meeting the requirements set forth for the concurrent degree program. Graduate Work in Business Undergraduates in engineering who intend to pursue graduate study in business may complete some of the business background requir ements as electives in their undergraduate programs. Seniors in engineering who have such intentions and appear likely to qualify for admission to graduate study in business may be pennitted to register for any of the graduate fundamentals courses which are designed to provide qualified students with needed background preparation in business . Students should see an adviser from the College of Business for approval. AEROSPACE ENGINEERING SCIENCES Admission to this program must be approved by the depart ment at the Boulder campus . The primary objective of the aerospace engineering sciences curriculum is to provide sound general training in subjects fundamental to the practice of and research in this branch of engineering sciences. The major part of the first three years is devoted to the study of mathematics , physics, mechanics, chemistry , and the humanities. The fourth year is devoted to the professional courses in the fields of physics of fluids (fluid dynamics); propulsion and energy conversion; flight dynamics, control, and guidance ; space system analysis; materials and structural mechanics; space environment ; and bioengineering . The minimum total number of semester hours for the B.S. degree is 128, and business courses may not be substituted for technica.l electives in the aerospace curriculum. The complete aerospace engineering sciences program is not available at CU-Denver. Therefore, students wishing to complete this program must apply to the University of Colorado at Boulder. The complete curriculum , degree requirements , and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Curriculum for B .S. (Aerospace Engineering Sciences) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical first two years of the program : FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semeste r Semeste r Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Great Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 M . E . 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering .........•....... _1 Total 17 Spring Semeste r Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I..................................... 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I C . S . 110. Introduction to Computing (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ............................. _] Total 15

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70 I University of Colorado at Denver SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus lll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C . E . 212. Analytical Mechanics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note l) . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . .. . . .. . . . 3 Phys. 233. General Physics U . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234 . General Physics Lab. II ............................... __! Total IS Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and !Jnear Algebra . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . . 4 C.E. 311. Analytical Mechanics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M.E. 301. Introduction to Materials Science I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 281. Modem Physics ........ . ............................. _1 Total 1 6 Notes for B.S. (Aerospace Engineering) I. For information concerning socio-humanistic electiv es, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content o f the Engineering Curriculum i n the College of Engineering and Applied S cience introductory sect ion o f this bulletin. 2. Ch. E . 210 may be substituted. 3. For the student seriously interested i n computer scienc e , the sequence C . S . 1411242 is recommended. APPLIED MATHEMATICS Charles I. Sherrill III , Coordinator The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers all course s in mathematics , both required and elective , for undergraduate and graduate s tudents in the College of Engineering and Appli e d Science. Three curricula leading to the degree B .S. (A. Math. ) are offered. In Option I, the student takes a minor in a sp e cific engineering department, satisfying an adviser from that depa r t ment. In Option II, the student takes distribut e d cours e work in engineering departments, including a solid grounding in m e chan ics , circuits, and materials. Option III is a joint mathematics computer science program. Regardless of the option chosen , ea c h student is expected to complete a minimum of 45 semest e r hours of course work in mathematics beginning with Math . 140 . Modem industrial and scientific re s earch i s s o depend e nt on advanced mathematical concepts that applied mathematician s are needed today by almost all concerns which are engag e d in such research. The undergraduate curriculum is designed to give training in mathematics and in engineering and science. The use of numer ical methods and computers is included. Nontechnical electives should be broadening and have cultural value. Courses in the humanitie s and the s o cial scienc es ar e required . Students interested in research should consider taking a foreign language . Some 300and 400-level languag e cour ses ma y be counted as soc i o-humanistic electives. Under all cir c um stances , a student must plan a complete program and obtain t h e approval of a departmental adviser at the beginning of th e so ph omore year . The B . S . degree i n applied mathematics r e quire s the co mpletion of a minimum of 128 credit hours of course work with a n average grade of C or better (a 2 . 0 grade-poin t ave rag e ) and a grade of C or better in all math e matics cour ses. Course work in the socio-humanistic elective area must be approved by the stu dent's adviser and should include 6 semester hours of upper division (junior or senior) level courses . Curriculum for B.S. (Applied Mathematics) FRESHMEN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry or Chern. 113 .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. . . .. .. S Great Books ( see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . S . 14 I. Fundamentals of Computing . .......................... _1 Total IS Spring Semest e r Math. 241. Analyti c Geometry and Calculus II . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. 4 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing................................. 2 Great Books ( see note I) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Phys. 23 I. General Physics I .. .. .. .. .. . . .. . .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 Phys. 232. G eneral Physics Lab. I ... ...... ...................... . Socio-humanistic elective (see notes 3 and 4) ...................... _1 Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall S e mest e r Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Approved electives ( see notes 3 and 4) . ................ ... ....... ___Q Total IS Spring Semeste r Math. 302. Ele m entary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 4 Approved e lectives ( see notes 3 and 4) .. . . .. . . .. .. . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . 6 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ........ ................... . _1 Total 13 jU NIOR YEAR Fall Semeste r Math. 43 I. Advanced Calculus I . . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . .. .. . .. .. .. .. . .. 3 Engr. 30 I. Thermodynamics .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . 3 Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) .......................... ...!.! Total 17 Spring Semest e r Math. 38 l or 481. Probability Theory .. .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. .. . .. .. .. 3 Approved electives ( see notes 3 and 4) ........................... II Socio-humanistic elective (see notes I and 2) ... ................... _1 Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall S e mest e r Approved e lectives (see notes 3 and 4 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . 12 Socio-humanistic e lect ive (see notes I and 2) ..... . ...........•... . _1 Total IS Spring S e m e ster Approved electives (see notes 3 and 4) .......................... . 12 Socio-humanistic e lective (see notes I and 2) . ..................... _1 Total IS

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Requirements under each option are as follows: Option I (Specialty engineering) Semester Hours Specialty in a specific engineering department ................... 18-30 Mathematics electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 24 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-28 Required socio-humanistic electives (see notes I and 2) .................................................. 12-18 (Electives should include Math. 432.) Option II (Distributed engineering) Distributed engineering courses in the engineering coUege ..................... . ............•.... 23-30 (A minimal program would consist of the following courses: C.E. 212, C .E. 311, E.E. 213, E . E . 214 , E.E. 313, M .E. 301, M.E. 385, or C.E. 331 or their equivalents.) Mathematics electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-28 Required socio-humanistic electives (see notes I and 2) .................................................. 12-18 (Electives should include Math. 432.) Option Ill (Computer science) Specific courses rquired under Option Ill: c.s. IS!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 c.s. 242 ...................................................... 3 c . s . 252 ......... .............. ... ....... ........... . ......... 3 c.s. 340 ..................................................... . 3 c.s. 341. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 3 c.s. 358 ..................................................... . 2 c.s. 359 ..................................... .......... . ...... 3 Math. 465 ..................... ............................... 3 Math. 466 ........... .. ........................... ............ 3 Mathematics electives .......................................... 18 Other electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 9 -28 Required socio-humanistic electives (see notes I and 2) ......... ............ . ............................ 12-18 Notes for B.S. (Applied Mathematics) I. For options in Literature and information concerning socio-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculwn in the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductocy section of this bulletin. 2. Students may take upper division socio-humanistic electives pass/fail, subject to the regulations of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. 3 . A rninimwn of 10 approved courses in mathematics beyond 140,241, 242, and 302 is required of all students majoring in applied mathematics. 4. In addition toC . S .I41, Engr.IOI andEngr . 301, the student must take a rninimwn of 18 hours of approved elective engineering courses excluding chemist!)', mathematics, and physics courses. Furthennore, the student who does not have a strong interest in applications of mathematics to engineering is encouraged to consider a major in mathematics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING John R. Mays, Coordinator Admission to this program must be approved by the depart ment at the Boulder campus. The architectural engineering curriculum is administered at the Boulder campus by the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. Its purpose is to prepare a student for a career in the building industry and for graduate-level research on building-College of Engineering and Applied Science I 71 related topics. The building industry is the largest single industry in the United States and includes many diverse skills and fields of knowledge. This course of study fulfills the academic requirements for registration as a professional engineer. The architectural engineering curriculum is recommended for those wishing to specialize (within the building industry) in engi neering design, construction and contracting, or sales engineer ing. The architectural engineering student may select any of three areas of specialization offered: construction engineering, environ mental engineering, or structural engineering. Specialization in construction is for students planning a career in contracting and building construction. This program involves courses in construction management, planning and scheduling te.chniques, cost accounting , estimating and pricing , building materials, and construction methods. Students interested in environmental engineering may concen trate their efforts in the fields of illumination and electrical sys tems design, heating-ventilating-air conditioning systems design, sanitation and water supply, or acoustics. The third area of specialization is for those interested in the design of structural systems for buildings. Courses available are structural analysis; statically indeterminate structures; and steel, concrete, and timber design. The five-year course leading to a B.S. degree in architectural engineering and a B . S . degree in business offers opportunity to complement the architectural engineering background with study in one of the major areas of business administration, such as personnel and business management, marketing, and finance. Approximately one-half of the architectural engineering pro gram is available at CU-Denver under the Department of Civil Engineering. Students wishing to complete the architectural engi neering program must apply to the University of Colorado at Boulder. The complete curriculum and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Curriculum for B.S. (Architectural Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical first two years of the program includes: fREsHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometty and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Socio-humanistic electives (see note I) .............. 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • • 6 C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing ... . ..... ... . . ............... _1 Total IS Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometty and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch.E. 102. Descriptive Geometty (see note 4).................... 2 Phys. 231. General Physics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I .............................. . . Ch.E. 210. Chemical and Physical Properties of Materials (see note 3) ... . ............ ......................•. _1 Total 18

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72 I University of Colorado at Denver SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 C . E . 212. Analytical Mechanics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Arch.E. 201. Introduction to Solar Utilization (see note 4) ........... _] Total 15 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . 4 Arch.E. 202. Energy Fundamentals (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 312. Mechanics of Materials ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Basic science elective (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) .................... .. ......• _] Total 16 Notes for B.S. (Architectural Engineering) I . Great Books series recommended ; see the section describing the Socio Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the CoUege of Engi neering and Applied Science introductory section of this buUetin. 2 . Department approval required. 3 . Chern. 103-5 or Chern. 113 may be substituted for Ch. E . 2104 , in which case the technical elective requirement is reduced by one credit hour. 4 . Arch.E. 102, 201 and 202 are normaUy not available at CU-Denver. An adviser-approved junior or senior course may be moved ahead. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING David W . Hubly, Coordinator Admission to this program must be approved by the depart ment at Boulder. Meeting the crisis in oil and energy, cleaning up the water and air, producing new and better materials to replace those that are limited or scarce -these are jobs in which one will find the chemical engineer . Chemical plants (including refineries and gasification plants) convert natural resources into industrial and consumer products . Among their products are many that often are not identified with chemical engineering-oils, metals, glass, plastic, rubber , paints, soaps and detergents, foods, beverages, synthetic and nat u ral fibers, nuclear and exotic fuels, medicines, and many other s . The department , located at the Boulder campus, is very much interested in research directed toward ecologically sound development of processes. It is also working on energy problems and is stressing problems of energy conversion in its instructional program. Many essentials of life originate in chemical engineering . Recycling of wastes and resources is not a new idea in chemical engineering but a long-standing principle. Since the earth now is perceived as a self-renewing system, intelligent generalization of the recycle theory to the entire cycle of natural resources is a challenge and opportunity for chemical engineers. Cleaning up pollution from chemical plants and from other sources is largely a chemical engineering problem. The chemical engineer efficiently uses and conserves natural resources to create valuable end prod ucts and to preserve environmental values. Thus, chemical engineering continually changes and pro gresses. The Department of Chemical Engineering at the Boulder campus therefore helps students to prepare to be imme diately valuable to industry and eventually to lead fut ure developments in industry and research. Whether they plan to go into industry or on to graduate work, students are urged to watch, understand , and enjoy the sparkle and interplay of new ideas and new technologies. The complete chemical engineering program is not available at CU-Denver. However, for new first-year students , approximately one-half of the program is available. Students wishing to complete this program should apply to the University of Colorado at Boul der. Also, students must arrange to take Ch. E . 212 (Chemical Engineering Material and Energy Balances) concurrently in Boul der during the spring semester of their sophomore year, or it will delay graduation by a year. The complete curriculum , degree requirements, and descriptions of courses may be found in the University of Colorado at Boulder Catalog. Students interested in chemical engineering but who are unable to consider full-time, day-time study in Boulder should discuss alternative programs with the coordinator . Curriculum for B.S. (Chemical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical first two years of the program includes: fRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semeste r Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I...................... 4 Chern. 103. General Chenristry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Ch. E . 130. Introduction to Chemical Engineering ... ........... . .... ___1 Total 16 Spring Semeste r Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Chern. 106. General Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Great Books (see note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . • . • . • . . • . • . . . . . • . . . . . 3 C . S . 141. Fundamentals of Computing ....... . . . . . .............. . . _1 Total 15 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . • . . . . . . . . . • . • . • • . . • • • . • . . . . 3 Chern. 341. Organic Chemistry .. .. .. .. . . . . . .. . .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. . . 3 Chern. 343. Organic Chemistry Lab. I . ........ . .................. _..! Total 16 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . .. . . .. . . .. .. . . .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. . .. . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Socio-humanistic elective (see note 1) . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern. 342. Organic Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chern. 344. Organic Chemistry Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Ch. E . 212. Chemical Engineering Material and Energy Balances (see note 2) ...... . . . . . . . .............. ....... _] Total 18 Notes for B.S. (Chemical Engineering) 1 . For English options and information concerning socio-humanistic elec tives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engi neering Curriculum in the CoUege of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this buUetin. 2 . Students must arrange to take Ch. E . 212 concurrently in Boulder during the spring semester of their sophomore year, or it will delay graduation by a year.

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CIVIL ENGINEERING William C. Hughes, Chainnan Civil engineering is generally the broadest field of engineering studied in American universities today. Civi l engineering offers an interesting and highly challenging career to the student interested in the design and construction of buildings, bridges, dams, aque ducts, and oth e r structures ; in transportation systems including highways, canals , pipe lines, airports, rapid transit lines, railroads, and harbor facilities; in the transmission of water and control of rivers ; in the development of water resources for urban use, industry , and land reclamation; in the regulation of water quality through water purification and proper waste treatment; in the construction industry; and in general in the rapidly expanding problems concerned with mankind's physical environment and the growth of cities. Furthermore , students educated in civil engineering frequently find rewarding employment in other fields: for example, in aerospace structures , electric power gener ation, city planning , the process industries , industrial engineering, business management and law or medicine (after appropriate education in law or medical school). The breadth of the civil engineering undergraduate program provides an excellent educa tional background for many fields of endeavor. The curriculum is designed to give the student a broad knowl edge of the basic engineering sciences of chemistry , mathematics (including differential equations), physics, mechanics (including fluid mechanics and soil mechanics), electrical circuits , and ther modynamics. In addition , it includes 16-24 semester hours in socio-humanistic studies. Specialized training is achieved through certain required courses , followed by more advanced civil engineering electives. By proper selection of these electives the senior student who wishes to specialize may emphasize any of the four major areas of civil engineering : structures , water resources, transportation, or geotechnical engineering . To be awarded the B . S . degree, a stu dent must have at least a 2 . 0 average in all C . E. courses applied to the degree . A five-year program has been arranged for students who wish to pursue a B . S . degree in civil engineering and a B .S. degree in business . A student interested in a premedical option should consult with an adviser and the department chainnan at the earliest possible time in order to make proper plans for an acceptable program. See Premedical Option. Curriculum for B.S. (Civil Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Socio-hurnanistic elective (see note I) . 00 • 00 00 •• 00 • • • • • • .. • .. • • • • • 3 C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing............................. 3 Ch. E . 210 . Physical and Che m ical Properties of Matte r (see note 2) ..... ..... ..... 00 ..................... 00 • • __1 Total 14 College of Engineering and Applied Science I 73 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus 11 . ....... , . . . • . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I ........ 00 00 • • : 00 00 00 ••• 00 • • • • .. • .. • 4 C.E. 221. Plane Surveying ...... 00 00 .. .. 00 .. .. 00 .. .. .. .. 00 00 00 00 3 Engr. I 0 I. Engineering Drawing .......... 00 .. 00 00 .. 00 00 00 ... 00 00 2 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ........................ 00 00 3 Total 16 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus lll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engl. 315. Technical Writing. 00 ... ....... 00 00 00 00 ... .. 00 00...... 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) 00 .............. 00 00 00 00 • .. • 3 C . E . 212. Analytical Mechanics I ..... oo ... oo ...... oo .. .. .. .. • • • • 3 Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 312. Mechanics of Materials . ........... 00 ......... 00 • .. • • • • 3 C . E . 314. Materials Testing Laboratory ... 00 00 .................. 00 2 Geol. 201. Introduction to Geomorphology (see note 3) .........•... __1 Total 16 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester C . E . 311. Analytical Mechanics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C .E. 331. Theoretical fluid Mechanics .. 00 00 .. 00 00 •••• 00 •• 00 • .. • • • 3 C . E . 350. Structural Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C .E. 360. Transportation Engineering 00 .... 00 .. 00 .. 00 • 00 ... 00 .. 00 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) .................•........... ....... Total 16 Spring Semester C . E. 332. Applied fluid Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 380. Soils and Foundation Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C. E. 315. Water Quality Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 C. E. 481. Intermediate Soil Mechanics .. 00 00 . ........ 1 .. 00 00 .. 00 00 • 2 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics . . . 00 •••• 00 ..... 00 00 00 ......... 00... 3 Elective (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total 16 S ENIOR YEAR Fall Semester C.E. 341. Water Quality Engineering . 00 00 ................ 00 00.... 3 C. E. 457. Design of Steel Structures or I C . E . 458. Reinforced Concrete .... 00 ••• 00 .. 00................. 3 ' Civil engineering electives (see note 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Electives (see note 4) ................... .......... .I. . ....... 00 00 _R Total 18 Spring Semester E . E . 303. Electric Circuits I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . E . 442. Municipal Design Projects or C. E. 460. Highway Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Civil engineering electives (see note 5) ... 00 ... 00 •• 00 .. 00.......... 6 Elective (see note 4) .... 00 00.00 ••••••••• 00 ......... 00 00 .......• _2 Total IS

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74 I UniJiersity of Colorado at Denver Notes for B.S. (Civil Engineering) 1. These courses shall be selected from the list of Socio-humanistic courses approved by the Department of Civil Engineering. 2. Or Chern. 113 5 or Chern. 103 5 . Chern. 103 is required for stud ents wishing to take Chern. 106 as an e lect i v e course. 3. Or Geol. 207. Geol. 207 is required for s tudenis wishing to take Geol. 208 as an elective course. 4 . These courses shall be selected from current lists of elective courses approved by the Department of Civil Engineering. No more than 8 semester hours of Socio-humanis t i c courses may be applied to the B . S . degree i n this category. 5 . Civil engineering electives shall be chosen to fonn an integrated pro gram using a course lis t approved by the Department of Civil Engineering. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE W . Thomas Cathey, Chairman Computer Science Program The goal of the computer science program is to educate men and women to take professional places in the burgeoning com puter industry at any level accessible to a bachelor's degree candi date in computer science. This means that graduates of the C.S. program should be able to: 1. Understand and use a wide variety of problem-solving algorithms, and on this basis be able to evaluate software for suitability in solving a wide range of problems, or if necessary, create software for solving the problems. 2 . Write computer programs effectively and efficiently in sev eral languages. Each graduate should be sufficiently well trained in some applications area so that the graduate understands the common conventions and basic theory of that discipline, and can communicate effectively with the professionals in that discipline who need programming help. 3. Understand computer hardware and software systems. Each graduate should be sufficiently well trained to understand hard ware at the systems level and be able to make an intelligent choice of hardware needed for various classes of problems. The graduate should also be competent to understand software systems (com pilers, operating systems, applications packages, etc.) for the same purpose . 4 . Enter any recognized graduate school for further training if the graduate has shown sufficient scholastic performance. The field of study encompasses a new, but very substantial, body of knowledge dealing with the design of computers and computer systems; the application of computers in data process ing, problem solving, and similar kinds of activities; an under standing of computer languages; and the design, writing , and testing of software in various languages to be used in various applications . The computer scientist not only uses the computer for immediate ends, but also is capable of understanding and using the underlying theoretical bases perhaps to create new systems, new designs, and new languages. Included in the field of knowledge are artificial intelligence (how can the computer be programmed to recognize patterns and relationships in and amohg sets of data?) and automata theory (formal models of computation, formal grammars, and the unde rstanding of what things are and are not computable . ) . Nonetheless, programming is a substantial part of most compute r scientists' work, and the development of professional skill in this activity is one of the most important objectives of the program. Computer Science Curriculum The curriculum in computer science is planned to give br e adth of background in c omputer s cience after establishing a solid foundation in mathematics and science. Each student will take electives emphasizing computer-related areas. Those who wish to study computers with a heavier emphasis on engineering should consider the electrical engineering program with electives from computer science. To be awarded the B.S. in C . S . a student must have at least a 2 . 0 average in all C.S. and E. E. courses applied to the degree. To be in good standing in the program (see Policy on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering introductory section of this bulletin) a student must maintain a 2 . 0 average in all C.S. and E .E. courses attempted . Curriculum for B.S. (Computer Science) The minimum number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I..................... . . . . . . . . . . . ..... 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . • . . . . I C . S . 141. Fundamentals of Computing I (E. E . 141) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engl. 102. Writing Workshop II (see note I) . ............ . ......... _l Total 15 Spring Semester Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I C.S. !51. Logic Circuits (E.E. lSI) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ............................ . _l Total 15 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill .......•.......... : . . 4 Chern. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 5 C . S . 252. Assembly Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . • . . . . . . . . . 3 C .T. 210. Speech Making (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total IS Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . 4 Phys. 281. Modem Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C.S. 242. Fundamentals of Computing II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 303. Electric Circuits for non-majors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 343. Electrical Laboratory ................................. . Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) .............. ............... _l Total JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester 17 Math. 413. Advanced Finite Mathe m atics I (C. S . 413) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . S . 359. Computer Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . S . 340. Data Structures . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . .. . . . . .. .. .. . .. .. 3 C . S . 358. Logic Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Area elective (see note 3) . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ... .......... ..... ..... ...... _l Total 17

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Spring Semester Math. 381. Probability Theory (E. E. 381) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C .S. 341. Programming Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C.S. 345. Operating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C.S. 360. Computer Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Area elective (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) .............•.............. . _l Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester Math. 465 . Numerical Analysis I (C. S . 465) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 3 C.S. 403. Formal Languages and Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Area electives (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . .. . . . 6 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ... ..... ..................... _l Total IS Spring Semester C.S. 471. C.S. Design Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 2 Area electives (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 6 General electives (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . • . . . . 6 Socio-humanistic electives (see note I) ...................... ...... _l Total 17 Notes for B . S . (Computer Science) Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. In addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, should plan to complete all courses at a given level (freshman , sophomore , etc.) before taking those at the next level. I. Of the 24 hours of required socio-humanistic electives, a student must have 6 hours of communications, a minimum of 6 hours in literature and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study is allowed for no more than one socio humanistic elective course. Students must pass Engl. 102 with a Cor better, or must pass an equivalency test. If students pass the equivalency test, they may complete their communication requirement by taking Engl. 315 or other approved communication course. See the section describing the Socio Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the College of Engi neering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin. 2 . Or Chern 113 or Ch. E . 210. 3. Area electives (18 semester hours) are to form a coherent group of courses that will give the student a comprehensive introduction to an area closely related to computers or computing. Examples are engineering, mathe matics, science, or business. The list of area electives must be approved in advance by the student 's adviser. Twelve of the eighteen hours inust be in upper division courses. 4 . General electives are selected from any courses acceptable for credit in the College of Engineering and Applied Science (i.e., skills courses, perfor mance courses, and remedial courses are not acceptable). Eledrical Engineering Program The professional possibilities in electrical engineering include teaching and research in a university; research and development . of new electrical or electronic devices, instruments, systems, or products ; design of computers , computer interfaces, communica tions and control systems, or power systems; production and quality control of electrical products or systems for private indus try or government ; and sales or management for a private firm or branch of government. The electrical engineering course of study begins with princi ples of physics, chemistry, and mathematics and follows with an intensive training in the theory and laboratory application of logic and electrical circuits, electromagnetic and transmission theory, College of Engineering and Applied Science I 75 electrical machines and transformers, and electronics and micro processors. Throughout the entire course of study, students rein force their understanding of the theory in well-equipped laboratories. Students are encouraged to develop interests outside of their electrical engineering specialty, thus providing themselves with a well-rounded background and a sense of awareness and respon sibility for their future role in society. They are urged to attend meetings of their student professional society, where practicing engineers from many engineering specialties speak of their experi ences. The areas of specialization that electrical engineering students may enter upon graduation are so numerous (antennas, com munication systems, computer design, controls, digital system design , electronics, electro-optics, microwaves , power , signal processing) , it is impossible for the undergraduate training to cover them in detail. Intense specialization may be left to addi tional training that graduates may receive when they assume positions with industrial firms, or acquire by specialization through graduate work beyond the bachelor 's degree. Undergraduate students who work and who have elected courses in their senior year that strengthen their mathematical background may decide to undertake graduate study. The curric ulum in electrical engineering is designed to make it possible for the graduating senior with high scholarship to finish a master ' s degree in electrical engineering in about one additional full year of work at any of the nation 's major universities. Eledrical Engineering Curriculum The new curriculum for electrical engineering is shown below. This program reflects the requirements for those who will receive the B . S . in E. E. on or after May 1987. Students who will graduate after May 1984 and before May 1987 will be permitted to satisfy either the new curriculum or the older curriculum published in the 1983-84 bulletin of the University of Colorado at Denver. Student s in this category should note that they must satisfy either curriculum in total, rather than selecting parts from each. To be awarded the B . S . in E . E . a student must have at least a 2.0 average in all E.E. and C . S . courses applied toward the degree. To be in good standing in the program (see on Academic Progress in the College of Engineering introductory section of this bulletin), a student must maintain at least a 2.0 grade-point average in all E.E. and C.S. courses attempted. Eledrical Engineering and Computer Science The joint degree in electrical engineering and computer science is being replaced by the degree in computer science. Those stu dents who wish to study electrical engineering with a strong computer emphasis can do so by taking computer science courses as professional electives in the electrical engineering program . Business Option j I Students wishing to complete a B . S . degree in electrical engi-neering and a B.S. degree in business should not start the business program until their fourth year, with the exception of electing Econ. 201 and 202 for two of their socio-humat;tistic electives. Students with a B average may wish to consider obtaining a master's degree in business administration. For, both of these programs , students should refer to the College of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this bulletin. Premedical Option A program has been developed which permits the student to satisfy the entrance requirements for medical school, such as

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76 I University of Colorado at Denver those of the University of Colorado, while earning a B.S. in electrical engineering. Medical schools typically require that applicants have com pleted two semesters of general chemistry, two semesters of organic chemistry , and two semesters of general biology, all with laboratories. A course in English composition is recommended. More specific information on medical school requirements may be obtained at the office of the Health Careers Adviser at CU-Denver. Curriculum for B.S. (Electrical Engineering) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A typical program is: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semeste r Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 231. General Physics I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I E .E. lSI. Logic Circuits (C. S . lSI) .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. . 3 Engl. 102. Writing Workshop II (see note I) ..... . ......... ........ _1 Total IS Spring Semeste r Math. 241. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I E . E . 141. Fundamentals of Computing I (C.S. 141) .. . . . .. . . . . .. .. . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ..................... . ....... _1 Total IS SoPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Chern. 103. General Chemistry (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . S Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 E.E. 213. Circuit Analysis I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 E . E . 2S3. Circuits Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I C.T. 210. Speech Making (See note I) ............................ _1 T.()tal 17 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 4 Phys. 281. Modem Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 214. Circuit Analysis II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E. E. 254. Circuits Lab. II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I E . E . 26S. Introduction to Computer Engineering . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ............................. _1 Total 17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester E. E. 313. Electromagnetic Fields I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 321. Electronics l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 371. Electronics Lab. I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . • . . . . I E .E. 372. Power Lab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . I C .E. 313. Applied Mechanics (see note 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 316. Energy Conversion I............................ ... .. .. 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ............................ . _1 Total 17 Spring Semester E.E. 314. Electromagnetic Fields II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 322. Electronics II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E.E. 331. Linear Systems Theory .. .. • .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 3 E . E . 373. Junior Lab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E . 381. Probability Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note )) ....................... ...... _1 Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semest e r E. E. Specialty (see note 4) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 Senior Design Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 3 Professional e lective (see note S) . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) .......................... ... _1 Total IS Spring Semeste r E. E . Specialty (see note 4) . . . . . . .. .. .. .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 6 Senior Design Laboratory . . . .. . . .. . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . . . 3 Professional elective (see note S) . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ............................. _1 IS Notes for B . S . (Electrical Engineering) Students should refer to the section on Academic Policies of the College of Engineering and Applied Science. ln addition to planning for sequences of courses based on prerequisites, students should plan to complete sophomore level courses before taking junior l e v e l courses and should have completed their junior level E . E . courses before their 400-level E.E. electives. I . Of the 24 hours of required socio-humanistic electives, a student must have a minimum of 6 hours in communications, 6 hours in literature, and a minimum of 6 hours in social sciences. At least two courses must be upper division courses. Independent study i s allowed for no more than one soda humanistic elective course. Students must also pass English 102 with a Cor better , or must pass the equivalency test. If students pass the equivalency test, they may complete their communication requirement by taking Engl. 31S or other approved communication course. 2. Or Chern. 113 or Ch. E . 210. 3 . The mechanics requirement may be satisfied by the 3-hour course, C . E . 313, or the 6-hour sequence ofC.E . 212 and C . E . 311. 4 . For the E . E . Specialty courses a student must take 3 of: E.E. 413-3, Control Systems; E.E. 416-3, Energy Conversion II; E . E . 422-3, Electronics Ill; E . E . 4243 , Communication Theory; E.E. 4S9-3, Compute r Organiza tion. Each student will take 6 semester hours of Senior Design Laboratories in E . E . specialties. S . Professional electives are to be selected from upper division courses in business, computer science, engineering, mathematics, or physics. ENGINEERING PHYSICS William R . Simmons, Coordinator Admission to this program must be approved by the depart ment at the Boulder campus. The engineering physics curriculum gives students a thorough foundation in the physical principles underlying most of engineering. The large number of engineering electives which may be incorporated in the curriculum makes it possible for students to prepare themselves for professional work or graduate school in a wide variety of fields. Because the program is particularly flexible, students should be aware that proper preparation for their profes sional field will require careful selection of engineering electives.

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Students are urged to pr epare, in consultation with the depart mental coordinator, a coherent plan of courses to meet their professional objectives. During the freshman and sophomore years, the student must attain a thorough training in mathematics and a grounding in fundamental methods and principles of the physical sciences. During the junior and senior years the work in physics is amplified to provide a comprehensive knowledge of the various branches of physics such as nuclear physics, atomic physics, electronics , thermodynamics , mechanics, electricity, and magnetism. Individual initiative and resourc efulness are stressed. For purposes of Federal Civil Service requirements this degree is an engineering degree from an accredited College of Engineering. Students who plan to become registered professional engineers should check the requirements for registration in their state before choosing their engineering electives. It is recommended that students preparing for Graduate School also prepare for its foreign language requirement as part of their unde rgraduate curriculum. In order to earn a bachelor 's degree in engineering physics from the Department of Physics (UCB), a student must, in addition to any other requirem ents, successfully complete 30 semester hours of courses on the Boulder campus, including 12 semester hours in upper division physics courses. Applied Physics Option It is also possible to earn the degree of Bachelor of Science (Engineering Physics) with an applied physics option. This option differs from the regular engineering physics degree primarily in that fewer advanced theoretical physics courses are required and in their place a selection of applied science courses is required. This option should not be selected by students intending to pursue graduate stu d y in physics, but it is appropriate for students intending to pursue graduate work or employment in related fields such as geophysics, environmental science, oceanography, nuclear engineering , medicine, and law. Students intending to pursue this option s hould consult the coordinator by the beginning of their junior year regarding the electives which they wish to propose. The 24 hours of electives in pure or applied natural scienc e must be approved by the engineering physics advising committee, which is located on the Boulder campus. The committee will consider the proposed courses relative to the student's stated educational and/or professional objectives. At least 30 semester hours of credit must b e earned after the studenfs pro posed program is approved Curriculum for B.S. (Engineering Physics) The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128. A program js: FRESHMAN YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Socio-humanistic e lectives (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 C.S. 141. Fundamentals of Computing . .... . ....... . .............. _l Total IS College of Engineering and Applied Science I 77 Spring Semester Math. 24 I. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 231. General Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 232. Experimental Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Chern. 103. General Chemistry .............................. . . . . _2 Total 17 SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus Ill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 233. General Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 234. Experimental Physics . . ............•...•.............. Chern. 106. General Chemistry ................................. . _2 Total 17 Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . 4 Electives (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Socio-hurnanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 281. Introductory Modem Physics .......•.................. _1 Total 16 JuNIOR YEAR (see note 7) Fall Semester Upper division mathematics elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 317. Junior Lab. (see note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Phys. 321. Analytical Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 33 I. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-hurnanistic elective (see note I) ............................. _l Total IS Spring Semester Phys. 318. Junior Lab. (see note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Phys. 381. Quantum Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 341. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note 2) ............................. ....... ...... . _2 Total 16 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E .E. 403. Electronics (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E.E. 443. Electronics Lab. (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Phys. 491. Atomic and Nuclear Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 49S. Senior Lab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Electives (see note 2) ............................... .'. . . . . . . . . . . S Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) ................. .1. . .. .. ..... _l Total 16 Spring Semester Phys. 492. Atomic and Nuclear Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 496. Senior Lab. (see notes 3 and 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 2 Electives (see note 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. .. .. . . II Total I J6 Curriculum for B.S. (E. Physics) Applied Physics Option The first five semesters are identical to the regular engineering physics curriculum liste d above. The minimum total number of hours for the degree is 128.

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78 I University of Colorado at Denver jUNIOR YEAR (see note 7) Spring Semester Semester Hours Phys. 322. Classical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Phys. 332. Principles of Electricity and Magnetism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Upper division thermodynamics elective ... . 00 •• •••••• 00 .... 00 00 00 3 Electives (see note 5) ......... 00 . . ................. 00 00 ......... _]_ Total 16 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester E . E. 403. Elements of Electronics (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E. 443. Elements of Electronics Laboratory (see note 4) .......... . Electives (see note 5 ) ......... . ................................ __!1 Total 16 Spring Semester Socio-humanistic elective (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Electives (see note 5) .......................... . .... . .......... __!1 Total 16 Notes for B . S . (Engineering Physics) I . A total of 21 hours of socio-humanistic electives is required. These must include 6 hours of literature and 6 hours selected from economics, sociology, political science, history, and anthropology. The other 9 hours must be selected from the above subjects and/or fme arts and music (critical or historical only), philosophy, and psychology. (However, up to 3 hours of the 9 may include courses from English composition, technical writing, public speaking, and a foreign language.) 2 . Required and e lective engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) must total 22 semester hours. 3 . Or Phys. 455, or approved 3-hour physics e lective. 4 . E. E. 403 and 453 are offered only at the Boulder campus. CU-Denve r students may substitute E.E. 321 and 361 if they have take n the prerequisites E.E. 213, 214, 253, and 254. 5 . The e lective courses are divided into three exclusive groups: (I) Physics electives. These must be five hours from among Phys. 318, 341, 446, 451, 455,461, 462,491,492, 495,496 , 500 , SOt, 503, 504 and 585-Boulder campus course numbers. (2) Applied natural science electives (24 semester hours minimum). These must include 4 hours of upper division laboratory courses and sufficient engineering courses so that the total of engineering courses (excluding mathematics and physics) is at least 22 semester hours. (3) Oth e r courses. 6. See the E .Phys . coordinator. 7 . Beginning with the junior year, students should coordinate t heir pro gram with an engineering physics adviser at the Boulder campus . MECHANICAL ENGINEERING R. Wayne Adkins, Acting Chairman The mechanical engineering curriculum begins with a strong emphasis on mathematics, physics, and chemistry. It continues with a concentration in engineering sciences such as solid and fluid mechanics; thermodynamics, h eat and mass transport; materials ; and systems analysis and control. It concludes with laboratory and design courses which demonstrate the ways in which scientific knowledge is applied in the design and develop ment of useful devices and processes. The mechanical engineering program may be roughly sub divided into two-year groupings. In the first two year s , the pro gram emphasizes the fundamentals of those engineering sciences that are essential for an understanding of most branches of profes sional engineering. In the last two years of the program , the department provides technical electives for professional con centrations in the following areas: Thermodynamics Heat transfer Auid mechanics Solid mechanics Electromechanical systems Design Power Dynamics and controls Materials science Thermomechanical systems All of the required courses for mechanical engineering are offered at CU-Denver. To be awarde d the B . S . (M.E. ) a student must achieve and maintain at least a 2 . 0 in all M.E. courses . Curriculum for B.S. (Mechanical Engineering) The minimum total number of hour s for the degree is 128. A typical program is: FRESHMA YEAR Fall Semester Semester Hours Math. 140. Analytic Geometry and Calculus I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 M . E . 130. Introduction to Mechanical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Engr. 101. Engineering Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 E . E ./C.S. 110. Introduction to Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) ....... 00 . .................. ___} Total 14 Spring Semester Math. 24 I. Analytic Geometry and Calculus II ................ 00 • • • 4 Phys. 23 I. G eneral Physics I . 00 •••••••••••• • • • 00 • • • .. • • • .. • .. • • • • 4 Phys. 232. General Physics Lab I .. . .............. ............... . Ch.E. 210. Physical/Chemical Properties of Matter (see note I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Literature elective .................. 00 •• 00 ......... 00 •••••••••• ___} Total SOPHOMORE YEAR Fall Semester 16 Math. 242. Analytic Geometry and Calculus lll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Phys. 233. General Physics 11 . . . • • • . . . . . . . . . . • • . . . . . • . . . • . . . • . . . . 4 Phys. 234. General Physics Lab II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 3 M .E. 281. Mechanics I (see note 3 ) .. ............... . . .......... .. ___} Total IS Spring Semester Math. 302. Elementary Differential Equations and Linear Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 4 M . E . 282. Mechanics II (see note 3 ) . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 E . E . 213. Circuit Analysis I ...... 00 ••••• oo ..... .. ... • oo. oo....... 4 Engr. 301. Thermodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) . . .......................... ___} Total 17 JUNIOR YEAR Fall Semester M . E . 301. Introduction to Materials Science I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M .E. 3 1 2 . Thermodynamics 11 00 00 00 00 00 ••• 00 00 00. 00 00 00 .... 00 00. 3 M . E . 314. Measurements I ..................... 00 ••• 00 00.00 ••• 00 2 M . E . 371. System s Analysis I 00 00 00 00. 00 00. 00 00.00 00 00. 00 •• 00 00 00 3 M . E . 384. Mechanics IV -Solid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M .E. 385. Mechanics V-Auid 00 00 00. 00. 00 00 00 • • 00 00 ... 00 00 00 oo___} Total 17

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Spring Semester M.E. 316. Measurements II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 M.E. 362. Heat Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . 3 M.E. 372. Systems Analysis II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M.E. 386. Mechanics VI-Continuim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Technical elective (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) ............................ _] Total 17 SENIOR YEAR Fall Semester M.E. 401. Mechanical Behavior of Materials . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 M . E . 414. Mechanical Engineering Design 1 .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . 3 M.E. 442 . Mechanical Engineering Lab . . . . . . . . . . • . . . • . . . • . . . . . . . . 3 M . E . Design elective (see note 4) . . . .. . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. . . .. . . . . .. . . 3 Socio-humanistic elective (see note 2) ............................ _] Total IS College of Engineering and Applied Science I 79 Spring Semester M.E. 416. Mechanical Engineering Design II....................... 3 M.E. Engineering science electives (see note 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 M.E. Design elective (see note 4) ................... , . . .. . . . . . . . . 4 Technical elective (see note 4) ..............................•.... _] Total 17 Notes for B .S. (Mechanical Engineering) I. Chern. 103 or Chern. 113 may be substituted. 2. For information concerning socio-humanistic electives, see the section describing the Socio-Humanistic Content of the Engineering Curriculum in the CoUege of Engineering and Applied Science introductory section of this buUetin. 3 . M.E. 281 and M .E. 282 are offered only on the Boulder campus. CU Denver students may substitute C . E . 212 and C . E . 311 for M.E. 281 and M . E . 282. 4. A list of electives is available in the department office. All electives should be coordinated through an adviser.

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David W. Greenfield, Dean INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCHOOL The Graduate School is a University-wide body which autho rizes programs within its constituent colleges and schools. At CU Denver, Business and Administration (except the MBA Executive program), Education, Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Music are colleges or schools whose graduate programs are offered through The Graduate School. In concept, there is a single Graduate School regardless of campus. In practice, most mas ter 's-level programs are specific to the campus where the student is admitted , insofar as particular options and advisers are concerned. Doctoral-level programs in a discipline are viewed as the responsibility of the entire University community of that disci pline. At the present time all Ph.D. programs are coordinated through the corresponding Boulder department ; however, in a number of disciplines most or all course work for the Ph.D. can be completed at Denver and the research adviser may be a member of the CU-Denver faculty. Some departments in which this is the case are communication, theatre, electrical engineering, and civil engineering . In other disciplines, a significant portion of the course work required for the Ph.D. degree may be taken at CU Denver. Persons interested in pursuing doctoral-level work should consult with the appropriate discipline graduate adviser. Anyone wishing further information not given in this bulletin should write to the Dean of The Graduate School, University of Colorado at Denver, 1100 14th Street, Denver, CO 80202 . Degrees Offered The following graduate programs are authorized for completion through The Graduate School at CU-Denver. In some cases, a specific required course may only be offered through the Univer sity of Colorado at Boulder in a given year. The Master of Arts (M.A.) in: Anthropology Biology Communication Economics English Geography History Mathematics Political science Psychology Sociology Theatre The Master of Education (M.Ed.) and the Master of Arts (M. A . ) in: Early childhood education Educational psychology Elementary education Foundations, education Guidance and counseling Initial Certification Program (certification only or certification and M.A. in elementary or secondary education) Library media Reading Secondary education Special education The Master of Science (M.S.) in: Accounting Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Compute r science Electrical engineering Environmental science Fmance Health administration Management and organization Management science Marketing Mechanical engineering Tehnical communications The Master of Basic Science (M.B.S.) The Master of Engineering (M.E.) The Master of Humanities ( M . H . ) The Master of Social Science (M.S.S.) Significant course work can be taken at the Denver campus in the following master's degree programs: Education-administration and supervision Fme arts Geology Journalism Philosophy The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in: Biology Communication English Significant course work is available at the Denver campus in the programs listed below. Students can be resident on the Den ver campus studying in these areas in order to take advantage of the multi-campus activities of The Graduate School. It is usually advised that a student complete some course work at another campus of the University.

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Applied mathematics Chemistry Civil engineering Computer science Electrical engineering Geography Mechanical engineering Psychology The Graduate Student at CU-Denver An average of 2,304 students are enrolled in graduate pro grams at CU-Denver each fall and spring semester, and an addi tional1,921 non-degree students take graduate courses. Of these , approximately 54 percent are part-time students. Faculty The faculty teachin g in these program s are headquartered at CU-Denver, although resources of other University of Colorado campuses are used. Computing Services The Computing Services department supports computer use by both the academic and administrative communities at CU-Den ver. For a complete d escription of services offered see Special Programs and Facilities in the Generallnformation section of this bulletin . Financial Aid for Graduate Study SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS The University of Colorado administers various forms of finan cial aid for graduate students: fellowships, scholar ships, and a number of awards from outside agencies. The Graduat e School offers two types of assistance: Colorado Doctoral Fellowships and Colorado Graduate Grants. Special fellowships and scholarships also are available for study in certain departments. Colorado Graduate Grants are available to s tudent s who are residents of the State of Colorado and can show demonstrated need. For details contact the Graduate School office. Applications for fellowships, scholarships, and grants are due in the d e par tment before the announced departm e n t deadline. Fellowship awards are announced about March 15; Colorado Graduate Grant awards are announced each semester for the following semester. GRADUATE STUDENT TEACHING APPOINTMENTS Many departments employ graduate students as part -time instructors or teaching assis tants . The instructorship is reserved for those advanced graduat e stude nts already possessing an appropriate M .A. degree who may b e independently responsible for the conduct of a section or course . Payment for these teaching appointments in 1984-85 was: one-half time instructor, $8, 320 for the academic year; one-half time teaching assistant , $6,656 for the academic year. A half-time appointment for an instructor is considered to be equal to 6 class contact hours; a half-time teaching assistant is appointed for 20 hours per week. Compen sation is based on the number o f appointment hours per week. Nonresident students employed as assistants may or may not be eligible for the nonresi dent tuition differential stipend for their first-year appointment as an assistant only. Exceptions extending beyond the first year must be a pprov ed in advance b y the respective dean . Teaching The Graduate School I 81 assistants and ins tructors must be enrolled students in good standing for the full period of their appointment. RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS Research activities provide opportunities for graduate students to obtain part-tim e work as research assistants in many depart ments. Nonresident students who are appointed as research assistants in nongeneral fund accounts may or may not be eligible for resident tuition rates . Assistants must b e enrolled students. LOAN FUNDS Graduate students wishing to apply for long-term loans through the ational Direct Student Loan Program and for part time jobs through the college work-study program should submit an Application for Financial Aid to the Office of Financial Aid by March 1. This office also provides s hort -term loan assistance to students who have completed one or more semesters in residence. Short-term loans are designed to supplement inadequate personal funds and to provide for emergencies. Applicants should go directly to the Office of Financial Aid. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES The University maintains an employment service iT} the Office of Financial Aid to help students obtain part-time Work either through conventional employment or through the college work study program. Students employed by the University are hired soiely on the basis of merit and fitness, a policy which avoids favor or discrimi nation because of race, color, cree d , sex, age, handicap , or national origin. Student s are also referred to prospective employ ers in accordance with this policy. INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION The Office of International Education expedites the exchange of s tudent s and faculty, entertains foreign visitors, promotes spe cial relationships with foreign universities , and acts as adviser for Fulbright and other scholarships . The office also arranges study abroad programs. Students remain enrolled at the University of Colorado while taking regular courses in the foreign universities. A 8 average with the equiv alent of two years of college-level work in the appropriate lan guage is required . There are also occasional summer programs offering academic credit. Peace Corps information may be obtained from the Office of International Education. For additional i nformation contact the Office of I nternational Education , Boulder campus , 492-77 41. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION General Requirements Students may be admitted to The Graduate School in either of the two categories described below.

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82 I University of Colorado at Denver Admission to The Graduate School is not admission to can didacy for an advanced degree. A student who wishes to become a candidate for a degree must make special application at the time and in the manner prescribed by the requirements for the degree sought. The University reserves the right to deny admission to appli cants whose total credentials reflect an inability to assume those obligations of performance and behavior deemed essential by the University and relevant to any of its lawful missions, processes, and functions as an educational institution . REGULAR DEGREE STUDENTS Qualified students are admitted to regular degree status by the appropriate department. In addition to departmental approval, an applicant for admission as a regular degree student must: 1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or university of recdgnized standing, or have done work equivalent to that required for such a degree and equivalent to the degree given at this University. 2. Show promise of ability to pursue advanced study and research, as judged by his or her previous scholastic record. 3. Have had adequate preparation to enter upon graduate study in the field chosen. 4. Have at least a 2.75 undergraduate grade-point average on all work taken. 5. Meet additional requirements for admission as established by major departments . Regular degree students must maintain at least a 3 . 0 grade point average each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether it is to be applied toward the intended advance d degree or not. Students who fail to maintain this standard of perfor mance will be subject to suspension from The Graduate School. Pass/Fail Grades. In order to permit a meaningful evaluation of an applicant ' s scholastic record, not more than 10 percent ofthose credit hours that are relevant to the intended field of graduate study shall have been earned with pass/fail grades, nor more than 20 percent overall. Applicants whose academic record contains a larger percentage of pass/fail credits must submit suitable addi tional evidence that they possess the required scholastic ability. If the applicant does not submit satisfactory additional evidence, he or she can be admitted only as a provisional student. PROVISIONAL DEGREE STUDENTS Applicants who do not meet the requirements for admission as regular degree students may be admitted as provisional degree students upon the recommendation of the major department. With the concurrence of the dean of The Graduate School, a department may admit provisional students for a probationary term, which may not normally exceed one academic year. At the end of the probationary period, provisional degree students must either be admitted to regular degree status or be droppe d from the graduate program. Credit earned by persons in provisional degree status may count toward a degree at this University. Provisional degree students are required to maintain a 3.0 grade-point average or higher, according to the terms of their provisional admission, each semester or summer term on all work taken, whether or not it is to be applied toward the advanced degree sought. Students who fail to maintain suc h a s tandard of performance, will be subject to suspension from The Graduate School. Note: All provisional applicants must take the Graduate Rec ord Examination and submit scores as part of the application. SENIORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO A senior in this University who has satisfied the undergraduate residence requirements and who needs not more than 6 semester hours of advanced subjects and 12 credit points to meet the requirements for a bachelor' s degree, may be admitted to The Graduate School by special permission of the dean. A University of Colorado senior enrolled in the College of Engineering and Applied Science who needs not more than 18 semester hours or 36 credit points to meet the requirements for a bachelor's degree may be admitted to The Graduate School, but is not eligible for financial aid, scholarships, or fellowships as a graduate student until the equivalent of the minimum require ments for the bachelor's degree have been satisfied. Application Procedures Graduate students who expect to study at CU-Denver should contact the CU-Denver Graduate School office concerning pro cedures for forwarding completed applications . An applicant for admission must present a completed Applica tion Form (Parts I and II), which may be obtained from the CU Denver Graduate School office, and two official transcripts from each university attended. The application must be accompanied by a nonrefundable application fee of$20 (check or money order) when the application is submitted. No application will be pro cessed unless this fee is paid. Many departments require scores from the Graduate Record Examination, and most departments require three or four letters of recommendation . When a prospective degree student applies for admission, the chairperson of each department or a committee named for the purpose shall decide whether the applicant shall be admitted and shall make that decision known to the Office of Admissions and Records, which will inform the student. Persons not wishing to work toward an advanced degree are referred to as non-degree students (below). A completed application must be in the office of the major department at least 90 days prior to the term for which admission is sought or earlier as may be required by the major department. Students who wish to apply for a graduate student award for the academic year 1985-86, e.g., fellowship, scholarship, assistantship, etc., must file a completed application with the department before the announced departmental deadline (see previous section on financial aid). READMISSION OF FORMER AND SUSPENDED STUDENTS Students who were previously admitted to a graduate degree program but who did not complete that degree and who have not been continuously registered at the University must: 1. Clarify their status with the department to determine their eligibility to return and pursue the same degree. 2. After receiving departmental approval, as indicated above, submit a former student application to the Office of Admissions before deadlines are passed for the term in which they expect to return to the University. Application deadlines are available from the department.

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In some instances, students who have left the degree program to which they were formerly admitted must submit a new gradu ate application form and be reconsidered for admission by the department concerned. Former students who wish to change from undergraduate to graduate status or from one major to another must complete the apropriate forms at the time they apply for readmission. Students transferring from one campus to another must apply and be accepted to the new campus. A student admitted to The Graduate School for the master's program must reapply for admission for the doctoral program . A s u spended student is eligible to apply for readmission after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student's major department and the dean.ln case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee. FOREIGN APPLICANTS Prosp ective foreign students should have completed applica tions on file in The Graduate School office prior to March 15 for summer and fall and August I for the spring semester . Application packet should include $50 fee, TOEFL scores, financial documen tation, official English translation of all school records, and other documents as noted in the previous section on Application Procedures. GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS At the option of any department, the Graduate Record Exam ination may be required of applicants for assistantships, or of any student before hls or her status is determined. Students who are applying for the fall semester take the GRE no later than the December testing date so that their scores will be available to the graduate awards selection committee. Four to six weeks should be allowed for GRE scores to be received by an institution. Information regarding these examinations may be obtained from The Graduate School office or the CU-Denver Testing Cen ter, or from The Educational Testing Service, Box 1502, Berkeley, California 94701, or Box 955, Princeton, New jersey 08540 . OTHER GRADUATE QUALIFYING EXAMINATIONS Students entering professional schools and special programs may obtain information at the Student Testing Center on the following examinations: Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT), Miller Analogies Test (MAT), Dopplet, and Law School Admissions Test (LSAT). NON-DEGREE STUDENTS A student not wishing to earn an advanced degree from the University of Colorado should apply to the Office of Admissions and Records, CU-Denver, 1100 14th Street , Denver, CO 80202. Non-degree students will be allowed to register only on the cam pus to which they have been admitted. Non-degree students desiring to pursue a graduate degree pro gram at thls University are encouraged to submit the complete graduate application and supporting credentials as soon as possible. The Graduate School I 83 A department may recommend to the graduate dean the accep tance of as much as 8 hours of credit toward the requirements of a master's degree for courses taken either as a student at another recognized graduate school, as a non-degree student at the Uni versity, or both. In addition , the department may recommend to the graduate dean the acceptance of credit for courses taken as a non-degree student at this University during the term for which the student applied for admission to The Graduate School, provided such admission date was delayed through no fault of. the student. A grade of 8 or better must be obtained in any course work transferred in this manner. REGISTRATION Course Work and Examinations On the regular registration days of each semester , student s who have been admitted to The Graduate School and who expect to study in The Graduate School are required to complete appropri ate registration procedures . Students should register for classes the semester they are accepted into Graduate School. If unable to attend that semester they must notify the department which has accepted them and submit the necessary forms to the Office of Admissions and Records at CU-Denver in order to attend the following semester . Changes in Registration A student who wishes to drop a course or take it for no credit should follow the drop / add standard procedure (see current Schedule of Courses). After the tenth week of classes a graduate student may not drop , add, or change a course to no credit without presenting a letter to the dean of The Graduate School, CU-Denver, stating the exceptional circumstances which justify the change. This letter , endorsed by the instructor of the course, must accompany the properly signed and completed drop /add card or no-credit option form. A graduate student who desire s to withdraw from the Univer sity must apply to the dean of The Graduate School for permis sion to withdraw in good standing. A student who discontinues attendance in a course without official withdrawal will be marked as having failed the course. Master's Thesis or Report Graduate students working toward master ' s degrees, if they expect to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M .Ed. report for 2 semester hours. The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total number of hours for all semesters must equal the number of credits the student expects to receive for the thesis or report. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed . If the thesis or report is not completed at the end of the term in which the student is so registered, an in progress (JP) will be reported. (The student may not register again for any portion of thesis credit on which an IP grade has been submitted.)

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84 I University of Colorado at Denver Limitation of Registration FULL LOAD A graduate student will be considered to be carrying a full load during a regular semester for purposes of determining residence credit if the student is registered for not fewer than 5 semester hours in work numbered 500 or above, or at least 8 semester hours in a combination of undergraduate/graduate /professional courses work acceptable for graduate credit, or any number of thesis hours . A maximum of two-thirds of a semester of resident credit may be earned during the summer if a student registers for three semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, 5 semester hours of other graduate work, or any number of thesis hours. For the number of hours required for financial aid see Financial Aid at the University of Colorado at Denver in the General Information section of this bulletin. A graduate student may contact the dean's office for information on the appeal process regarding the full load requirement for financial aid purposes. MAAJMUMLOAD No graduate student may receive credit toward a degree for more than 15 hours in a regular semester. The maximum number of graduate credits that may be applied toward a degree during a summer term at CU-Denver is 10 hours per 10-week summer term. A graduate student may contact the dean's office for information on the appeal process regarding an overload. UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEES Full-time employees of the University may not undertake more than 6 credit hours per semester . Part-time employees, including assistants , may take such work as is approved by the major department. TUITION AND FEES The schedule of tuition and fees is given in the General Infor mation section of this bulletin. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED DEGREES Quality of Graduate Work Although the work for advance degrees is specified partly in terms of credit hours, an advanced degree will not be conferred merely for the completion of a specified period of residence and the passing of a given number of courses. Students should not expect to obtain all the training, knowledge, and grasp of ideas necessary to meet the requirements for an advanced degree from formal courses. They should work on their own initiative, reading widely and thoughtfully, reaching their own conclusions, and acquiring a sense of values, perspective, proportion. All studies offered for credit toward an advanced degree (except those in deficiencies) must be of graduate status. A student is expected to maintain at least a 8 average in all work attempted while enrolled in The Graduate School. For the Ph.D., a course mark below 8 is unsatisfactory and will not be counted toward fulfilling the minimum requirements for the degree. A student who fails to do satisfactory work will be subject to suspension from The Graduate School by the dean with the approval of the major department. Appeal may be made to the Executive Committee of The Grad uate School. The committee' s decision shall be final. A suspended student is eligible to apply for readmi ssio n after one year. Approval or rejection of this application rests jointly with the student's major department and the dean. In case of lack of agreement between the department and the dean or in case of appeal by the student, the final decision will be made by the Executive Committee. Grading System The standing of a student in work intended for an advanced degree is to be indicated by the marks A, 8 , and C. A -Superior, 4 credits points for each credit hour . 8 -Good, 3 credit points for each credit hour. C -Fair, 2 credit points for each credit hour . Work receiving the lowest passing grade, D, may not be counted toward a degree, nor may it be accepted for the removal of deficiencies. Marks below 8 are not accepted for the doctoral degree. An IF or an IW grade may be given for incomplete work at the discretion of the instructor. For details, refer to the discussion of the uniform grading system. The grade of IP (in progress) will be given for continuing thesis work and will be valid until the thesis is completed. Graduate students may register for undergraduate courses on a pass/fail basis; however, graduate credit will not be awarded, and such courses cannot be applied toward a graduate degree. Repeating a Course A graduate student who receives a grade of C, D, or F in a course may repeat the course once, upon written recommenda tion to the dean by the chairman of the student's advisory commit tee and major department , provided the course has not previously been applied toward a degree. In calculating a student's grade-point average for Graduate School purposes, the grade for a repeated course will substitute for the old grade. Grades earned in courses taken as an under graduate or as a non-degree student, as well as grades earned in first and second year foreign language courses, will not be used in calculating The Graduate School grade-point average; however, all grades received will appear on the student ' s transcript. Change of Department or Major A graduate student wishing to change department or major must submit a new Part I and Part II of the graduate application to the new department or school and request the former department to forward recommendations and credentials. Use of English A student who is noticeably deficient in the use and spelling of the English language may not obtain an advanced degree from the University of Colorado . The satisfaction of this requirement

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depends n o t so much upon the ability to pass formal tests, although these may be demanded , as it does upon the habitual use of good English in all oral and written work. Ability to use the language with precision and distinction should be cultivated as an attainment of major importance. Each department will judge the qualifications of its advanced students in the use of English. R eports, examinations, and s peech will be considered in estimating the candidate's proficiency. MASTER'S DEGREE A student regularly admitted to The Graduate School and later accepted as a candidate for the degree Master of Arts, Master of Science, or other master's degree will be recommended for the degree only after the following requirements have been met. I n general, only graduates of an approved institution who have a thorough preparation for their proposed field of study and who do graduate work of high quality are able to attain the degree with the minimum amount of work specified below . All studies offered towar d the minimum requirement for the degree must be of graduate rank . Necessary additional work required to make up deficiencies or prerequi sites may be partly or e ntirely undergraduate courses. The requirements stated below are minimum requirements ; additional conditions set by the department will be found in the announcements of separate d e partments. Any department may make furth er regulations not inconsistent with the g eneral rules. Students planning to graduate should ascertain current deadlines of The Graduate School. It is the graduate student's and the d epartment's responsibility to see that all requirements and dead lines are met (i.e., changing of JW grades, notifying The Graduate School of final examinations, etc.) . Departm e nts or program committees may have additional d eadlines which must be met by graduate students in that depart ment or program . It is the student's responsibility to ascertain s uch requirements and to meet them as designated by the depart m ent or program chairman. Minimum Requirement The minimum requirement of graduate work for the degree Master of Arts or Master of Science may be fulfilled by following either Plan I or Plan II below. Plan 1 : By presenting 24 semester hours of graduate work, including a thesis . At least 12 semester hours of this work must be at the 500 level or above. Plan ll: By presenting 30 semester hours of graduate work, without a thesis. At least 16 semester hours of this work must b e at the 500 level or above. Pla n II does not represent a free option for the student. A candidate for the master 's degree may be allowed to select Plan II only on the recommendation of t h e department con cerned . Graduate Credit Graduate credit is given for courses that are listed at the 500 level or above and that are offered by those colleges or schools that are members of The Graduate School, or which have other wise been approved b y the dean of The Graduate School. No assu rance can b e given that work taken by a student will count toward a higher degre e unless the student has the approval of the d epartment. The Graduate School I 85 Not all courses listed are available at any one time; some of them are given in alternate years. Courses taken during the Fall Semeste r 197 5 and thereafter will have graduate rank if they are taught by members of The Gradu ate School faculty and are in one of the following two categories: 1. Courses within the major department at the 500 level or above. 2 . Courses outside the major department at any level, provided they are approved for graduat e rank for a specific degree plan by the faculty of the degree-granting program . This does not change the minimum number of courses that must be taken at the 500 level or above; however , as a result, most student s who include 400-level courses of other departments in their program will not exceed those minimum requirements for graduation . Field of Study Studies leading to a master's degree may b e divided between major and minor subject s at the discretion of the faculty of the degree-granting program . Status After students have made a satisfactory record in this University for at least one semester or summer term and after they have removed any deficiencies that were determined at the time of admission or by qualifying examinations or otherwise, they should confer with their major d epartment and request that a decision be made on their status . This definite stat u s must be set by the major department before students may make applicatio n for admission to candidacy for an advanced degree. Students who are inadequately prepared must make up without credit toward a graduate degree all prerequisites required by the department concerned. Language Requirements Candidates must have such knowledge of ancient and modem languages as each department requires. See special departmenta l requirements. Credit by Transfer Resid ent graduate work of high quality done in a recognized graduate school e lsewhere and coming within the time limit may b e accepted up to a limited amount, provided it is recommended by the department concerned and approved by the dean of The Graduat e S chool. All work accepted b y transfer must come within the 5-year time limit or be validated by special examination. The maximum amount of work that may be transferred to this University is 8 semester hours. Credit will not be tran sferre d until the student has establis h e d in The Graduate School of this University a satisfactory record of at least one semester in residence; such transfer will not reduce the residence requirement at this University, but it may reduce the amount of work to be done in formal courses. R equests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and submitted to The Graduat e School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the studen t will be graduated. Work already applied toward a master ' s degree received from another institution cannot be accepted for transfer toward the

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86 I University of Colorado at Denver master's degree at the University of Colorado; extension work completed at another institution cannot be transferred; and corre spondence work, except to make up deficiencies, is not recognized. Excess undergraduate credits from another institution may not be transferred to The Graduate School. Seniors in this University may, however , transfer a limited amount of advanced resident work (up to 8 semester hours) provided such work: 1. Is completed with distinction in the senior year at this University. 2. Comes within the five-year time limit. 3 . Has not been applied toward another degree. 4. Is recommended for transfer by the department concerned and approved by the dean of The Graduate School. Requests for transfer of credit to be applied toward an advanced degree must be made on the form specified for this purpose and suQmitted to The Graduate School by the beginning of the semester prior to that in which the student will be gradu ated. For more information contact The Graduate School office. To be eligible for courses to be considered for transfer, a student must have an overall 8 average in all courses taken at the Univer sity of Colorado in The Graduate School. Continuing Education Course Work Students may use the resources of the Division of Continuing Education in the pursuit of graduate study only if they obtain proper academic approval from the major department and the graduate dean in advance. Residence In general, the residence requirements can be met only by residence at this University for at least two semesters or at least three summer terms. For full residence a student must be regis tered within the time designated at the beginning of a semester and must carry the equivalent of not fewer than 5 semester hours of work in courses numbered 500 or above, or at least a combination of other course work acceptable for graduate credit. See Limitation •.)f Registration , Full Load, for requirements for full residence credit during the summer. A student who is noticeably deficient in his/her general training, or in the specific preparation indicated by each department as prerequisite to graduate work, cannot expect to obtain a degree in the minimum time specified. Assistants and other employees of the University may fulfill the residence requirements of one year in two semesters, provided their duties do not require more than half time. Full-time employees may not satisfy the residence requirements of one year in fewe r that four semesters. Admission to Candidacy A student who wishes to become a candidate for a master's degree must file application in the dean's office not later than 10 weeks prior to the completion of the comprehensive final exam ination. The number of hours to be presented for the degree must be determined before this application may be filed. See previous section on Status . This application must be made on forms obtainable at the dean's office and in various departments and must be signed by the major department, certifying that the student's work is satis factory and that the program outlined in the application meets the requirements set for the student. A student on Graduate School probation is not eligible to be awarded a degree until he or she is removed from probation . Thesis Requirements A thesis, which may be of a research, expository, critical, or creative type, is required of every master ' s degree candidate under Plan I. Every thesis pre sented in partial fulfillment of the requirements foran advanced degree must: I . Deal with a definite topic related to the major field. 2. Be based upon independent study and investigation. 3 . Represent the equivalent of from 4 to 6 semester hours of work. 4. Receive the approval of the major department not later than 30 days (in some departments, 90 days) before the commencement at which the degree is to be conferred. 5. Be essentially complete at the time the comprehensive final examination is given. 6. Comply in mechanical features with specifications obtainable from The Graduate School. Two weeks prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred, two formally approved , printed or typewritten copies of the thesis must be filed in The Graduate School. The thesis must be complete with abstract. All theses must be signed by the thesis adviser and the second reader . All approved theses are kept on file in the library. The thesis binding fee must be paid at the Finance Office on the Denver campus when the thesis is deposited in The Graduate School. Credit hours earne d for the thesis will not be accepted toward the requirements for a degree unless such credit has previously been registered. A student working toward a master's degree must register for thesis for a specific number of hours . The student may register for any specific number of hours in any semester of residence, but the total registered credit for thesis must total a minimum of 4 or a maximum of 6 semester hours , the total number of hours depending upon how much credit is to be given for the thesis. The final grade will be withheld until the thesis or report is completed . An IP (in progress) will be reported for terms during which the student is registered for thesis prior to completion of the thesis. Comprehensive Final Examinations Each candidate for a master's degree is required to take a comprehensive final examination after the other requirements for the degree have been completed . This examination may be given near the end of the candidate's last semester of residence while he/she is still taking required courses for the degree, provided he/she is making satisfactory progress in those courses. The following rules applying to the comprehensive final exam ination must be observed : I . A s tudent must be registered when he or she takes the examination. 2. Notice of the examination must be filed b y the major department in the dean's office at least three days in advance of the examination. 3. The examination is to be given bY. a committee of three graduate faculty members appointed b y the department con cerned in consultation with the dean.

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4. The examination, which may be oral or written, or both, must cover the thesis, which should be essentially complete at the time, as well as other work done in the University in formal courses and seminars in the major field. 5 . An examination in the minor work taken at this University i s optional with the major and minor departments . 6. The examination must include all work presented for the degree not done in residence at the University of Colorado, whether in the major or minor field. The examination on trans ferred work will be given by representatives of the corresponding fields of study in this University. 7. A student who fails the comprehensive final examination may not attempt the examination again until at least three months have elapsed and until such work as may be prescribed by the examining committee has been completed. The student may retake the examination only once. Master's Thesis or Report Credit Every graduate student working toward a master's degree who expects to present a thesis or M.Ed. report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree must register for thesis for a minimum of 4 semester hours or a maximum of 6 semester hours, or for M.Ed. report for 2 semester hours . The student may register for any speci