Interviews on Tapes about Colorado
Cataloged, Summarized, and Compiled
ELNORA M. MERCADO
Susan Horn and Jam's Page
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER
Serving also Community College of Denver
and Metropolitan State College
Denver, Colorado !
Interviews on Tapes about Colorado
Cataloged, Summarized, and Compiled
ELNORA M. MERCADO
Ass i sted by
Susan Hotn and Jam's Page
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER
Serving also Community College of Denver
and Metropolitan State College
One of the pleasures and benefits of
cataloging library materials is the
opportunity to learn something from each new
item. It is a double pleasure when the topic
is close to one's heart and the format is
Colorado Reflections is a series of 107
sound cassette tapes of interviews with many
interesting people who, in one way or
another, saw Colorado grow and develop. The
interviews were produced by the University of
Colorado at Denver, Office of Public
Information, recorded by the Auraria Library
Media and Telecommunications Division, and
later broadcast in 1983 and 1984 on KOA, a
Denver radio station. Most of the interviews
were hosted by Harry Cullis. The tapes were
numbered, cataloged, and summarized by
Auraria Library staff.
These oral records are truly fascinating
reflections of many aspects of Colorado
history. As one listens to the voices, some
quivering with excitement, some sad with
nostalgia, others filled with anxiety, one
can imagine the life of the early residents,
their struggles and difficulties, their
successes and triumphs. There were several
first-hand descriptions of the flu epidemic,
the dustbowl in Colorado, the early modes of
transportation. Did you know that the Ku
Klux Klan was once active in Denver? Did you
know that Elitch Gardens started as a
zoological garden? Did you know that Denver
once had trolley cars? Who was the first
black woman miner in Colorado? Who was the
first woman parachute jumper? The interviews
reveal these and many more fascinating
stories about early life on the frontier.
The main list is arranged alphabetically
by interviewee, with the number of cassette
before each name. This is followed by a
short summary of the interviews. An index of
people and topics is included at the end.
Students and researchers of Colorado history
will find these oral history sources very
useful and informative. It is hoped that
more people will have the opportunity to
listen to these tapes for the sheer joy of
learning about early Colorado and Coloradans.
Grateful acknowledgment is made to Susan
Horn and Danis Page, Library Assistants in the
Cataloging Department, who listened to the
tapes and assisted in the preparation of the
summaries. Recognition is also given to
Rutherford Witthus, Auraria Library Archives
and Special Collections Librarian, who
reviewed each summary, made corrections, and
gave many suggestions to make the index
easier to use.
Elnora M. Mercado
Deputy Assistant Director for
C66 no. 179 Akers, Byron. 18 min. Owner of the Colorado Car Museum and Ghost Town in Colorado Springs recalls the emergence of the automobile from the horse-and-buggy era and tells about some of the turn-of-the-century vehicles he owns.
no. 168 Armstrong, Bob. 18 min. Recalls early days in Walden, Colorado, trapping and skinning muskrats, minks, and weasels as a rancher during the depression. Also relates the lack of problems in enforcing the law during the 1930s when he was town marshall.
no. 178 Arndt, Idabelle. 18 min. Reminisces about her childhood in Idaho Springs, early day mining experiences, and her life as a teacher.
no. 180 Bancroft, Caroline. 16 min. Describes her struggle to become literary editor for the Denver Post and to gain acceptance in this area. She also tells how she became a Colorado historian.
no. 116 Benson, Hal. 13 min. A leading Denver businessman shares his experiences in Laadville, his recollections of the railroad industry and the progress of heavy industry in Colorado.
Bowles, Brad 25 min.
Brad Bowles, professor of theater
at the University of Colorado at Denver,
discusses his interest and work in
gathering a collection of biographical
stories of Denver area senior citizens,
with specific intention to create plays
based on their experiences. He tells of
his creation of Senior Theater, a show
geared toward an older audience,
particularly his 2-man show entitled:
The Red Wheelbarrow.
177 Bradshaw, Helen Miles.- 18 min.
Reminisces about her childhood in
Hugo, Colorado, her home, the blizzard
of 1913, the dustbowl in the 1930s, and
of her experiences as a schoolteacher.
158 Brose, David. 25 min.
A Colorado folklorist discusses the
role and functions of a state folklorist
and describes the activities that
relate to folklore such as music,
square dances, visual and verbal arts,
206 Brose, David and O.J. Seiden. 25 min.
David Brose, a folklorist, and O.J.
Seiden, a physician/writer, are
interviewed on the topic of oral
history. Both discuss their concept,
style, methodology, and interpretation
of oral history and its value to local
159 Brown, Robert Leaman 25 min.
A retired teacher of Colorado
history and author of many books on
Colorado ghost towns, talks about some
of the 700 known ghost towns including
Mesa Verde, Georgetown, Leadville, and
n. 182 Brown, Robert Leaman. 25 min.
Relates stories of Christmas
celebrations in early Colorado:
Colorado's first Christmas on the 1806
expedition of Zebulon Montgomery Pike,
surviving on buffalo; the expedition in
1848 of John C. Fremont; the Christmas
Day massacre of 1854 at Fort Nepesta
(Ft. Pueblo); the first account of a
Christmas tree put up by Jim Bridger
inside a fort on the Tongue River in
1855; town celebrations at the skating
rink at Gold Hill in Boulder County; and
the turkey shoot at Knute's saloon in
no. 183 Brown, Robert Leaman. 20 min.
Gives a brief history of Colorado,
emphasizing the Gold Rush period, how
Pike's Peak got its name, and the events
that led to the creation of Colorado
no. 166 Calkins, Stanley. 68 min.
Stanley Calkins of Stanley Furs
describes the social life and gives a
bit of history of Denver during the
1910s to 1930s, including the 1913
snowstorm, the flu epidemic during World
War I, the entertainment during that
period, and the long-time family-owned
business in East Denver.
no. 155 Cambridge, Charles. 25 min.
A Navajo Indian gives a history of
Indian tribes in North America,
describing the cultural and racial
differences of each tribe, and touches
on the tactics of warfare.
no. 173 Carter, Lewis J. 18 min.
Lewis J. Carter, Judge of Central
City, reminisces about his life in this
city which started as a mining camp and
which grew into a famous tourist city.
He describes the people, the houses, the
schools, the economic conditions, his
involvement in politics, and his role as
198 Clement, L.E. 18 min.
Born in Denver in 1909, L. E.
Clement reminisces about recreation at
Rocky Mountain Lake, sledding and ice
skating, 4th of July festivities, and
being Colorado's first woman parachute
130 Cody, William. 25 min.
A prominent dentist in Denver
shares his recollections of his
childhood and school life in Denver
during the 1920s and 1930s, describing
the fun of going to the movies,
fishing, and playing cowboys and
157 Crain, Oleta L. 25 min.
First Black woman in the Rocky
Mountain region to be accepted as a
member of the Women's Army Auxiliary
Corps, describes the hardships,
discrimination, and difficulties
she experienced while in the army.
193 Crittendon, Larry 18 min.
Relates stories about his father's
experiences as Molly Brown's butcher,
about the early nickelodeon theaters,
seeing Halley's comet in 1910, people's
beliefs and fears about the comet.
151 Crosby, John. 13 min.
A resident of Northwest Denver
describes his boyhood at the turn of the
century. He recalls the wagon as the
sole means of transportation and
deliveries during his time, the big July
4th parades, and sledding during winter.
no. 202 Crossen, Forest. 17 min.
Discusses experiences with and
knowledge of the early railroad in
. Colorado, having worked on the Moffat
Tunnel. Describes the work, living
conditions, and entertainment of the
no. 142 Curtis, Bly. 18 min.
Bly Curtis, first woman council
member of the Boulder City Council,
describes her role in establishing the
Boulder City Council Health Department
which instituted restaurant inspection,
milk homogenizing, and water purifica-
tion rules. She was director of the
University of Colorado at Boulder
residence halls for 30 years and saw the
growth and development of Boulder.
no. 151 DeSart, Dennis. 25 min.
A professor of anthropology at the
University of Colorado at Denver
describes the Tivoli archaeological
project which was done to provide
training for UCD students.
no. 170 Dice, Helen. 18 min.
Discusses living in Brush Creek
near Eagle, Colorado, working and
selling dairy products, fruits, and
vegetables; also describes the impact of
the depression on western Colorado.
no. 138 Dobbins, George. 18 min.
Shares his memories of the
horsedrawn trolley car, balloon
ascensions on Sunday afternoons,
and scouting during his childhood in
171 Dow, Fred. 26 min.
Traces the history of the Chinese
in Colorado from their immigration into
the State during the 1860s to 1870s when
there was need for cheap labor.
Explains the factors causing the
immigration; describes the transient
population of mostly single men, the
community, Hop Alley, the clan and
152 Eastman, Ben. 25 min.
Orchardist talks about his life as
an apple grower in Hotchkiss, Colorado,
describes the problems of the apple
industry and the research done in
hybridization of different varieties of
113 Essig, Evelyn. 18 min.
Describes her childhood in Kokomo,
Colorado where she was born and growing
up in a Ute Indian reservation. She
recalls childhood games she learned from
Ute children and her life of survival in
the early 1900s.
187 Fenwick, Robert W. 36 min. (2 tapes)
Reporter for the Denver Post since
194? talks about people he has known,
how reporters and reporting have changed
over the years. He also describes the
Denver Post train to Cheyenne Frontier
Days. He predicts Rifle and Meeker will
boom with full scale development of oil
114 Fiore, Genevieve. 25 min.
Recalls her childhood life in a
Wyoming farm and later of her adult life
in North Denver, particularly of the
prejudice against Italians during World
War II in Colorado.
no. 149 Fish, Charles. 25 min.
A miner tells of his move to
Colorado in 1937 to work in the Bobtail
tunnel in Blackhawk, Colorado and later
in Central City and Idaho Springs. He
describes his life of hard work and low
pay and his involvement with the Soy
no. 129 Fitzpatrick, Jack. 19 min.
A well-known Colorado broadcaster
tells of his life in Arkansas Valley,
La Junta, Pueblo, and Denver. He
describes how broadcasting helped the
poor during the depression. He also
talks of covering various events such as
ballroom dancing and big bands at the
Trocadero Ballroom at Elitch's Gardens,
and major baseball games.
no. 153, Francone, Frank. 25 min.
Born in Silver Plume, Colorado,
Frank Francone describes his childhood
as a shepherd during the early 1900s,
living in a homestead and working in the
mines, later moving to Goodrich and
Montrose with his family, and finally
getting a job with the Public Service
Company in Denver.
no. 167 Gallagher,Dennis. 25 min.
discusses the social, religious, and
political environment in Denver during
1940s to 1950s, including the impact of
the Ku Klux Klan on his family. He also
talks about Walker's Castle owned by
John Brisbane Walker who developed
Graham, Bob. 18 min.
Remembers early Glenwood Springs
and the resort town's hot springs, and
the dust bowl at Canon City. He talks
about the development of the University
of Colorado at Denver based on his long
years of service to the campus.
169 Guerue, Charles. 36 min.
Rosebud Sioux Indian artist,
painter, sculptor and weaver discusses
coming to Denver after World War II, his
battle to overcome alcoholism at Ft.
Logan, his education and career in art,
and the Native American heritage,
culture, and spiritual philosophy.
205 Gurtler, Jack. 36 min.
The owner of Elitch Gardens relates
the story of the amusement park's
evolution from a zoological garden, the
history of the Elitch Theater, the
famous Trocadero Ballroom and its big
175 Gulliford, Andrew. 18 min.
Andrew Gulliford, photographer,
oral historian, instructor at Silk
Elementary School and Colorado Mountain
College, discusses the early one-room
county schoolhouses in Colorado and the
qualifications and restrictions placed
197 Guyer, Clarkson. 18 min.
Born in Denver in 1885, Clarkson
Guyer reminisces about early Denver's
cable cars, Grasshopper Hill, early
automobiles, and the fire department
with its horse-drawn trucks.
Herring, Carrie. 26 min.
Tells of her experiences in Iowa
before moving to Denver during the late
1920s. She describes her life working
in the Golden Eagle department store,
studying in a comptometer school,
working long hours in a bakery, and
later joining the Altrusa Club.
no. 145 Hosakawa, Bill. 26 min.
Traces the development of the
Denver Post where he was been a
columnist since 1946. He includes
experiences as a war correspondent
in Korea and notes the changes in
editorial policy of the Post.
no. 125 Johnson, Charlie Henry. 18 min.
Historian and author shares his
research on his book on the Central City
no. 118 Kauvar, Abe. 25 min.
Dr. Abe Kauvar, Manager of Denver
Department of Health and Hospitals for 8
years, talks about his childhood in
Denver, describing the games he played,
the schools he went to. He also
discusses his role in the growth of
Denver General Hospital and its services
to the metropolitan area.
no. 143 Kelly, Booley. 25 min.
Relates his experiences in Denver
as a storyteller during the early 1950s
no. 124 Kitchen, Dick. 25 min.
A Denver lawyer tells of his
reflections of Colorado particularly of
Loveland, Greeley, and Denver. He
describes Mary Ann Butte, a small hill
in Loveland named after an Indian
trader, Big Thompson River, Ku Klux Klan
during the 1920s, the dust bowl during
the 1930s, and of Lindbergh's landing of
the "Spirit of St. Louis" in Denver.
147 Laderman, Manuel. 26 min.
Rabbi Manuel Laderman, born in New
York City, educated in Chicago, moved to
Denver in 1932 and established a
congregation called Hebrew Education
Alliance. He traces the history of
Jewish community in Denver, the anti-
semitic demonstrations, the Ku Klux Klan
movement, and the National Conference of
Christians and Jews.
176 Laurent, Marian. 18 min.
Reminisces about riding the Inter-
urban Trolley from Golden to Denver to
have lunch in one of three tearooms in
the Daniels and Fisher Tower, attending
a stove-heated country school on Colfax
near Sheridan, and dancing to big band
music at the Trocadero Ballroom at
108 Levy, Edwin. 18 min.
A retired theatre arts professor
from University of Colorado describes
his efforts in reviving melodrama in
107 Lindsay, Mela Meisner. 25 min.
Talks of moving from Kansas to
Colorado as a young girl and of her
book "The White Lamb."
150 Lucas, Rose, 25 min.
Tells of her memories of her
childhood in Denver when her father
established the first Jewish bakery in
the early 1900s. Her mother was
governess for the children of Horace and
Saby Doe Tabor. She also recalls
witnessing the City Hall on fire in
1898, the big flood in 1905, and the
Denver Mint being robbed in 1920.
141 Macomber, Douglas. 26 min.
A Denver physician, describes his
childhood in Denver, his school
experiences, circus parades, Decoration
Day, celebrations, and in general,
social life in Denver during the
1920s and 1930s.
126 McCarthy, Jerry. 25 min.
Shares his experiences as a member
of the Denver Fire Department for 26
140 McGlone, Frank. 25 min.
A Denver physician recalls his
childhood in Denver during the 1920s and
1930s, especially the grand celebration
of the end of WWI, the flu epidemic, the
development of radio, his participation
in major baseball leagues, and his
contacts with notable Denverites.
199 Mcllrath, Howard. 19 min.
Began work at the Stanley Hotel 11
years after it opened and eventually
managed the hotel for three years.
Describes the people and the environment
in early Estes Park and the town's
development into a marketing center.
137 McQuie, Riccarda. 25 min.
Describes her life as a
professional musician: violinist with
the Denver Symphony Orchestra for 29
years, played for K0A radio station when
she was in high school, and also
traveled with Orpheum Circuit.
195 Menin, Sam. 18 min.
Well-known defense attorney, noted
for defending the poor and the
oppressed, discusses his experiences and
no. 120 Metcalf, Gladys. 25 min.
Gladys Metcalf talks of the growth
of Aurora, Colorado during the early
1900s, its economic relationship with
Denver, their modes of transportation,
and architectural styles of houses. She
also tells of her role in editing Early
Aurora with Carl McFadden.
no. 133 Milstein, Philip. 19 min.
Well known engineer and one of the
original founders of Downtown Denver,
Inc., talks of the importance of Denver
as an urban area, how it grew, and of
no. 185 Mitchell, Eugenia 18 min.
Describes her dedication to her
hobby of quiltmaking and of collecting
quilts which she hopes to put in a
no. 122 Moehrke, Arline. 25 min.
Talks of early days in Cripple
Creek, Colorado: the fire department,
mining life, effect of World War I on
Cripple Creek, the flu epidemic,
childhood Christmas celebrations,
and the big tramway strike in Denver.
no. 148 Moore, Olietta. 25 min.
First Black woman miner in Colorado
tells of her discovery of oil in their
homestead land in Weld County when she
was 14 years old and from then on
decided to stake mining claims and
became involved in hard rock mining.
154 Moore, Otto. 36 min. (2 tapes)
Judge Otto Moore talks of his
childhood in Denver during the early
1900s, of the hard times during the
depression, mining enterprises, the
Ludlow Massacre, the Ku !
1920s, and of becoming a trial lawyer
for the District Attorney in 1922.
196 Mudgett, Peg. 18 min.
Reminisces about early life in and
near the mining town of Leadville.
110 Newman, Molly. 25 min.
Playwright, describes her play
"Quilters" about pioneer Colorado women
which won her national fame.
135 Noel, Rachel. 25 min.
Noted educator shares her
experiences in Colorado where she moved
with her doctor-husband in 1949, of
,discrimination against Blacks in housing
and education during the 1950s and '60s.
200 Noel, Thomas J. (Thomas Jacob) 18 min.
Reflects on the political, social,
and economic life of early Denver by
looking at the bars, saloons, and the
various functions they served.
201 Noel, Thomas J. (Thomas Jacob) 25 min.
Discusses several important people
in Denver's early history, including
William Newton Byers, founder of the
Rocky Mountain News; General William H.
Larimer, Jr., who founded and named
Denver; Governor John Evans, who founded
Denver University and the Denver Pacific
Railroad; Walter Scott Cheesman, who
began the Denver City Water Company and
built what is now the governor's
mansion; and Charles Boettcher,
diversified businessman and investor.
181 Nordby, Gene M. 36 min.
Gene Nordby, former chancellor of
the University of Colorado at Denver,
discusses the history of the University
from its start as an extension of the
University of Colorado at Boulder to
become a separate, autonomous campus
with degree-granting status. He tells
of professors commuting between the
campuses, the planning and building of
the Boulder turnpike, and the eventual
location at the Auraria campus.
194 Norgren, Barbara. 25 min.
Discusses the evolution of
architecture in Denver, with emphasis on
special stone buildings, art in
buildings, art deco in architecture,
and the city of lights.
144 Norwood, John B. 26 min.
Son of an employee of the Denver
and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Norwood
recalls his life of constant moving,
leading him to write his book: Rio
Grande Narrow Gauge.
136 Page, Cedric. 25 min.
Professor of geography and urban
studies at University of Colorado for
seven years, shares his interest in
urban social geography and the
development of neighborhood and
communities within American cities,
focusing on Denver and Dearfield,
Colorado. He talks about Dearfield as
part of the Black Town movement which
started after the Civil War.
no. 203 Pattrldge, Paul. 25 min. A major Colorado rancher and pioneer cattle breeder, Paul Pattridge reminisces about his childhood and how he became involved in dairy ranching.
no. 131 Peterson, Sheldon. 26 min. A retired journalist and broadcaster relates his experiences as a radio broadcaster in Denver, covering news events such as: the bombing of Pearl Harbor, prison break of 1949 and Eisenhower's heart attack in Denver. He also compares the method and style of news gathering during his time and the present.
no. 109 Ponce, Wallace Yvonne. 25 min. Discusses famous Black women in Colorado and the Black Museum West.
no. 192 Proett, Patrice. 25 min. Reminisces about coming to Colorado in a covered wagon to homestead near Lamar, the one-room school house, the Christmas program at the school for the community, and her mother serving as Postmistress out of a small general store.
no. 191 Prosser, John and Kinney, Susan. 26 min. Relate the story of the documentary "Cities are for kids, too" which they created and produced through the Cherry Hills Village Elementary School. The course traces the evolution of the city of Denver, including its history, architecture, facts and figures, lifestyle factors and comparison with other cities.
no. 111 Rae, Mary. 13 min. Owner of Mary Rae and Associates, talks of her goals to save historic
buildings in Denver, giving a history of
Denver's magnificent homes.
165 Reilly, Joseph. 27 min.
Retired Denver policeman, describes
his life as a cop for 28 years, the
conditions of the prisons then, and the
significant changes in the training of
106 Richardson, Bob. 18 min.
Executive Director of Colorado
Railroad Museum during the turn of the
century, talks about the boom time in
railroad history in Colorado from 1390
112 Ricketson, Rick. 26 min.
President of Central City Opera
Mouse for 20 years, remembers the
dazzling lights of downtown Denver in
the early 1900s. He organized the
146 Roberts, Edwyn. 18 min.
Describes Denver and Englewood
during the early 1900s, streetcars,
floods and snowstorms. He also tells of
his work at Yellow Front Shoe Factory
and at C F & I.
102 Russell, Bill. 18 min.
Mayor of Central City and owner of
Weekly Register Call, describes the
progress and future of Central City.
204 Schlosser, Elizabeth. 25 min.
The director of Historic Denver
describes how the organization was
created in 1970 to save the Molly Brown
House and its goals to preserve and
protect the best of Colorado's
architectural and historical past.
115 Schumacker, Eva. 18 min.
Describes her life in a rural town
on the Western slope, of Colorado, and
the use of horses, carriages, and sleds
as modes of transportation. She also
tells how they stored food in a cave to
keep it cold during the summer.
186 Schweigert, George. 18 min.
Reminisces about selling candy at
coal mines, living near the
with the prisoners, and prospecting for
164 Seep, Albert. 51 min. (2 tapes)
A native Denverite describes the
growth and progress of Denver from a
small town to a sprawling urban center.
He describe the simple life during his
childhood in the early 1900s, the
schools he attended, games he played,
and the difficult times during the
153 Seiden, Othniel J. 25 min.
A Denver physician describes the
the Richtofen Castle, its history,
design, and architecture. How a full-
time writer, he has published a booklet
entitied: Denver's Richtofen Castle.
119 Shaw, Mary. 18 min. (2 tapes)
Recalls her childhood experiences
when her family moved to Colorado in
1918, of precautions taken due to the
flu epidemic that started that winter,
of the big flood of 1922, and of her
high school activities.
no. 132 Shearer, Tony. 26 min. Poet and writer describes in lyrical language his childhood and his love for Charm Springs, near Manitou Springs. This beautiful spring, which gave crystal clear water, served as his inspiration to write poetry and to promote respect for the Native Americans.
no. 156 Shumate, Charles. 36 min. (2 tapes) Tells of the formation of the Colorado highway system and the building of the Eisenhower-Johnson Memorial Tunnel.
no. 189 Simms, Willard E. 35 min. (2 tapes) Manager of the National Western Stock Show from 1955-78, Willard Simms, born and raised in Meeker, Colorado, reminisces about living conditions, travel by horse, wagon, and stagecoach, and recreation during his childhood. He also describes his father's general store, traveling with Ferrington Carpenter who was an attorney who started a program to control grazing on public land.
no. 123 Smith, Lou. 26 min. A Denver civil engineer talks of the characteristics and styles of architecture in Denver, particularly of the newer skyscrapers.
no. 104 Smith, Morgan. 25 min. Talks about his farm life in Aspen,
Colorado during the 1950s and describes the growth of Aspen from a mining town to a bustling tourist center.
no. 190 Stewart, Meryl. 25 min.
Recalls selling vegetables to the
soldiers at Ft. Logan, the little
Cherry-Lynn Trolley, the snowstorm of
1913, people singing in the streets at
the end of World War I, and the
reenactment of the sinking of the
. Titanic at Sloan's Lake.
no. 162 Stewart, Paul W. 36 min.
Paul Stewart recounts stories of
Black cowboys and Black miners in
Colorado whom he had interviewed and
photographed since the 1960s.
no. 105 Tate, Penfield. 25 min.
Describes his struggles and efforts
to become the first Black mayor of
no. 134 Taylor, Arie. 26 min.
The first Black woman legislator in
' Colorado, talks about her active
involvement in politics and describes
the increasing opportunities for Blacks
and women in Colorado which were made
possible through legislation.
no. 117 Wahlberg, Wally. 26 min.
Describes his career as a minister
in Denver, of unemployment and hunger
during the depression, the history of
Grace Church, and boys' gangs. He
also talks about his book: Voices in the
no. 121 Wakefield, Iona. 18 min.
Describes her life in East Denver,
trolley cars as means of transportation,
and parties during the 1920s.
no. 207 Waring, Houston. 26 min. Houston Waring, editor of the defunct Littleton Independent newspaper for 57 years, gave up his naval career because of tuberculosis and became a journalist. He talks about his college days at the University of Colorado at Boulder, the growth of Littleton, the rise of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s, and the recent development of metropolitan Denver in recent years.
no. 188 Whitacre, Chris. 25 min. Discusses Molly Brown and her exuberant personality and lifestyle, and Justina Ford, the first Black woman physician in the Rocky Mountain West, who specialized in home births and care for the poor.
no. 101 Willette, Paul. 19 min. Owner and director of the Gaslight Theatre, tells of his coming to Denver, during World War I and forming the Lowry Field Players.
no. 174 Williams, Jeane. 18 min. Jeane Williams, author of The Valiant Woman, Harvest of Fury, and other novels based on the West, discusses injustice and the beginning of labor organization in early mining towns in Colorado.
no. 128 Wilson, Mary Kirke, 25 min. A retired schoolteacher shares her recollections of Colorado, particularly of Hugo, Canon City and Denver, where her father owned a laundry shoo. She describes the fashion styles during the 1920s, music during that time, her college life at Colorado Woman's College, and her experiences as a school teacher.
Yaffe, Fanny Mae. 25 min.
Volunteer at Beth Israel Hospital
for 35 years, Fanny Mae Yaffe earned the
name of "Living Legend of Beth Israel"
because of her dedication and
160 Yasui, Minori. 60 min. (2 tapes)
Late Executive Director of the
Commission on Community Relations,
recalls the construction of Union
Station, the building of 1-25, the
coming of Japanese-Americans to
Colorado, and their role in Colorado
history. He also talks of the formation
of the Commission on Community Relations
and its functions.
127 Zinky, Kay. 26 min.
Tells of her life in Rocky Ford,
Colorado and in Colorado Springs, where
she worked at the Broadmoor Hotel during
the late 1920s. She also shares her
research on the B'hai faith.
NAME AND SUBJECT INDEX
(Unless otherwise indicated, the geographical
subdivision after is Colorado. Each heading is
followed by name of interviewee and cassette
number in parenthesis. Underlined headings refer
to titles of books or plays mentioned in the
Afro-Americans Housing Denver, (Noel, 135;
Aged Denver Metropolitan Area, (Bowles, 184)
Akers, Byron, (Akers, 179)
Alcoholism, (Guerue, 169)
Altrusa Club, (Herring, 139)
Anti-semitic demonstrations in Denver,
Apple industry, (Eastman, 152)
Archaeology Denver, (DeSart, 151)
Architects, (Milstein, 133)
Architecture Aurora, (Metcalf, 120)
Architecture Denver History, (Nordgren, 194;
Prosser, 191; Rae, 111; Simms, 123;
Arkansas Valley, (Fitzpatrick, 129)
Armstrong, Byron, (Armstrong, 179)
Arndt, Idabelle, (Arndt, 178)
Aspen History, (Smith, 104)
Auraria campus, (Nordby, 181)
Aurora -History, (Metcalf, 120)
Automobiles History, (Akers, 179; Guyer, 197)
Bakery, Jewish Denver, (Lucas, 150)
Bancroft, Caroline, (Bancroft,180)
Baseball leagues Denver, (McGlone, 140)
Benson, Hal, (Benson, 116)
B'hai faith, (Zinky, 127)
Bars, saloons Denver, (Noel, 200)
Beth Israel Hospital, (Yaffe, 103)
Big Thompson River, (Kitchen, 124)
Black cowboys, (Stewart, 162)
,Black mayor, Boulder, (Tate, 105)
Black miners, (Stewart, 162)
Black Museum West, (Ponce, 109)
Black Town Movement, (Page, 136)
Black woman legislator, (Taylor, 134)
Black woman miner, (Moore, 148)
Black woman physician, (Whitacre, 188)
Black women, (Oleta, 157; Ponce, 109)
Blackhawk History, (Fish, 149)
Blizzard of 1913, (Bradshaw, 177; Calkins, 166;
Roberts, 146; Stewart, 190)
Bobtail Tunnel, (Fish, 149)
Boettcher, Charles, (Noel, 201)
Boulder History, (Curtis, 142; Tate, 105)
Boulder City Council Health Department, (Curtis,
Bowles, Brad, (Bowles, 184)
Boy Scouts Denver, (Fish, 149)
Bradshaw, Helen Miles, (Bradshaw, 177)
Bridger, Jim, (Brown, 182)
Broadcasting, (Fitzpatrick, 129)
Broadmoor Hotel, Colorado Springs, (Zinky, 127)
Brose, David, (Brose, 158)
Brown, Molly see Brown, Margaret (Tobin)
Brown, Robert teaman, (Brown, 159, 182, 183)
Brush Creek History, (Dice, 170)
Byers, William Newton, (Noel, 201)
Cable cars, (Guyer, 197)
Calkins, Stanley, (Calkins, 166)
Cambridge, Charles, (Cambridge, 155)
Canon City History, (Graham, 172;
Schweigert, 186; Wilson, 128)
Carpenter, Ferrington, (Simms, 189)
Carter, Lewis J., (Carter, 173)
Cattle-breeding, (Partridge, 203)
Central City History, (Carter, 173; Fish,
149; Johnson, 125; Ricketson, 112; Russell, 102)
Central City Opera House History, (Johnson, 125)
Charm Springs, (Shearer, 132)
Cheesman, Walter Scott, (Noel, 201)
Cherry Hills Village Elementary School, (Prosser,
Cheryl-Lynn Trolley, (Stewart, 190)
Cheyenne Frontier Days, (Fenwick, 187)
Chinese-Americans in Colorado History,
Christmas Day Massacre of 1854, (Brown, 132)
Christmas celebrations, (Brown, 182; Moehrke,
122; Proett, 192)
Cities are for kids, too, (Prosser, 191)
Cody, William, (Cody, 130)
Colorado Economic history, (Richardson, 106)
Colorado highway system, (Schumate, 156)
Colorado History, (Brown, 159, 183; Kitchen,
Colorado Railroad Museum, (Richardson, 106)
Colorado Springs History, (Zinky, 127)
Colorado Territory, (Brown, 183)
Colorado Women's College, (Wilson, 128)
Community development. Urban Denver, (Page, 136)
Cowboys, (Stewart, 162)
Crain, Oleta L., (Oleta, 157)
Cripple Creek History, (Moehrke, 122)
Crittendon, Larry, (Crittendon, 193)
Crosby, John, (Crosby, 161)
Crossen, Forest, (Crossen, 202)
Curtis, Bly, (Curtis, 142)
Dairy ranching, (Partridge, 203)
Dakota Indians, (Guerue, 169)
Daniels and Fisher Tower, (Laurent, 176)
Dearfield History, (Page, 203)
Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad,
(Norwood, 144; Richardson, 106)
Denver City Water Company, (Noel, 201)
Denver Commission on Community Relations,
Denver Fire Department, (Guyer, 197;
Denver General Hospital, (Kauver, 118)
Denver History, (Calkins, 166; Cody, 130;
Crosby, 161; Gallagher, 167;
Guyer, 197; Kelly, 143; Kitchen, 124;
Lucas, 150; Macomber, 141; Milstein, 133-
Moore, 154; Norgren, 194; Peterson, 131;
Prosser, 191; Ricketson, 112; Roberts, 'l46-
Seep, 164; Stewart, 190; Waring, 207;
Willette, 101; Wilson, 128)
Denver Mint, (Lucas, 150)
Denver Pacific Railroad, (Noel, 201)
Denver Politics and government, (Taylor, 134)
Denver Post, (Bancroft, 180; Fenwick, 187;
Denver's Richtofen Castle, (Seiden, 153)
Denver Social life and customs 1910-1930,
(Calkins, 166; Cody, 130; Macomber, 141;
Denver Symphony Orchestra, (McQuie, 137)
Depression, (Dice, 170; Moore, 154; Seep, 164;
DeSart, Dennis, (De Sart, 151)
Dice, Helen, (Dice, 170)
Discrimination in education Denver, (Noel, 135)
Discrimination in housing Denver, (Noel, 135)
Dobbins, George, (Dobbins, 138)
Dow, Fred, (Dow, 171)
Downtown Denver, Inc., (Milstein, 133)
Dustbowl, (Bradshaw, 177; Kitchen, 124)
Eagle County History, (Dice, 170)
Early Aurora (Metcalf, 120)
Eastman, Ben, (Eastman, 152)
Eisenhower-Johnson Memorial Tunnel, (Schumate,
Eisenhower, Dwight, Heart attack of, (Peterson,
El itch Gardens, (Fitzpatrick, 129; Gurtler,
205; Laurent, 176)
Engineers Biography, (Milstein, 133)
Englewood History, (Dobbins, 138; Roberts,
Entertainment 1913-1930, (Calkins, 166)
Essig, Evelyn, (Essig, 152)
Estes Park History, (Kitchen, 124)
Evans, John, (Noel, 201)
Fashion styles Denver 1920-1930, (Wilson, 128)
Fenwick, Robert W., (Fenwick, 187)
Fiore, Genevieve, (Fiore, 114)
Fish, Charles, (Fish, 149)
Fitzpatrick, Jack, (Fitzpatrick, 129)
Flu epidemic, (Calkins, 166; Moehrke, 122;
McGlone, 140; Shaw, 119)
Folklore, (Brose, 158)
Folklorists, (Brose, 158, 206)
Ford, Justina, (Whitacre, 188)
Fort Nepesta, (Brown, 182)
Francone, Frank, (Francone, 163)
Fremont, John C., (Brown, 182)
Gallagher, Dennis, (Gallagher, 167)
Gaslight Theater, (Willette, 101)
Ghost towns, (Brown, 159)
Glenwood Springs History, (Graham, 172)
Gold Hill, Boulder County, (Brown, 182)
Golden Eagle Department Store, (Herring, 139)
Goodrich History, (Francone, 163)
Grace Church, Denver, (Wahlberg, 117)
Graham, Bob, (Graham, 172)
Grasshopper Hill, (Guyer, 197)
Greeley History, (Kitchen, 124)
Guerue, Charles, (Guerue, 169)
Gulliford, Andrew, (Gulliford, 175)
Gurtler, Jack, (Gurtler, 205)
Guyer, Clarkson, (Guyer, 197)
Halley's comet, (Crittendon, 193)
Harvest of Fury, (Williams, 174)
Hebrew Education Alliance, (Laderman, 147)
Herring, Carrie, (Herring, 139)
Historians Biography, (Bancroft, 180)
Historic buildings Denver, (Rae, 111;
Historic Denver, Inc., (Schlosser, 204)
Hop Alley, (Dow, 171)
Hosakawa, Bill, (Hosakawa, 145)
Hotchkiss, (Eastman, 152)
Hugo History, (Bradshaw, 177; Wilson, 128)
Idaho Springs History, (Arndt, 178; Fish, 149)
Indians in North America, (Cambridge, 155;
Guerue, 169; Shearer, 132)
Industry Colorado (Benson, 116)
Inter-Urban Trolley, (Laurent, 176)
Italian-Americans in Denver, (Fiore, 114)
Japanese-Americans in Colorado, (Yasui, 160)
Jewish community in Denver, (Laderman, 147)
Johnson, Charlie Henry, (Johnson, 125)
Journalists Biography, (Hosakawa, 145;
Judges Biography, (Moore, 154)
July 4th celebrations, (Clement, 198; Crosby,
Kauvar, Abe, (Kauvar, 118)
Kelly, Booley, (Kelly, 143)
Kinney, Susan, (Prosser, 191)
Kitchen, Dick, (Kitchen, 124)
KOA Radio Station, (McQuie, 137)
Kokomo History, (Essig, 152)
Ku Klux Klan, (Gallagher, 167), (Kitchen, 124;
Laderman, 147; Moore, 154; Waring, 207)
Labor unions Miners History, (Williams, 174)
La Junta History, (Fitzpatrick, 129)
Laderman, Manuel, (Laderman, 147)
Lamar History, (Proett, 192)
Larimer, William H, Jr., (Noel, 201)
Laurent, Marian, (Laurent, 176)
Law enforcement, (Armstrong, 168)
Lawyers Biography, (Kitchen, 124; Menin, 195;
Leadville History, (Benson, 116; Brown, 182;
Legislators Biography, (Gallagher, 167;
Levy, Edwin, (Levy, 176)
Lindbergh's landing in Denver, (Kitchen, 124)
Lindsay, Mela Meisner, (Lindsay, 107)
Littleton History, (Waring, 207)
Littleton Independent Newspaper, (Waring, 207)
Loveland History, (Kitchen, 124)
Lowry Field Players, (Willette, 101)
Lucas, Rose, (Lucas, 150)
Ludlow Massacre, (Moore, 154)
Macomber, Douglas, (Macomber, 141; McGlone, 140)
Manitou Springs History, (Shearer, 132)
Mary Ann Butte, (Kitchen, 124)
McCarthy, Jerry, (McCarthy, 126)
McFadden, Carl, (Metcalf, 120)
McGlone, Frank, (McGlone, 140)
Mcllrath, Howard, (Mcllrath, 199)
McQuie, Riccarda, (McQuie, 137)
Meeker History, (Fenwick, 187; Simms, 189)
Melodrama, (Levy, 176)
Menin, Sam, (Menin, 195)
Metcalf, Gladys, (Metcalf, 120)
Milstein, Philip, (Milstein, 133)
Miners Biography, (Fish, 149; Francone, 163;
Moore, 148; Moore, 154; Stewart, 162;
Mining History, (Arndt, 178; Williams, 174)
Ministers Biography, (Wahlberg, 117)
Mitchell, Eugenia, (Mitchell, 185)
Moehrke, Arline, (Moehrke, 122)
Moffat Tunnel, (Crossen, 202)
Molly Brown House, (Schlosser, 204)
Montrose History, (Francone, 163)
Moore, Olietta, (Moore, 148)
Moore, Otto, (Moore, 154)
Mudgett, Peg, (Mudgett, 196)
Musicians Biography, (McQuie, 137)
National Conference of Christians and Jews,
National Western Stock Show, Denver, (Simms, 189)
Native Americans see Indians of North America
Neighborhoods Denver, (Page, 136)
Noel, Rachel, (Noel, 135)
Noel, Thomas J. (Thomas Jacob), (Noel, 200, 201)
Nordby, Gene M., (Nordby, 181)
Nordgren, Barbara, (Nordgren, 194)
Norwood, John B., (Norwood, 144)
Oil shale, (Fenwick, 187)
Oral historians Biography, (Brose, 206;
Oral history, (Brose, 206)
Orpheum Circuit, (McQuie, 137)
Page, Cedric, (Page, 136)
Partridge, Paul, (Partridge, 203)
Pearl Harbor, News coverage of, (Peterson, 131)
Peterson, Sheldon, (Peterson, 131)
Photographers Biography, (Gulliford, 175)
Physicians History, (Brose 158; MaComber,
141; Whitacre, 188)
Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, (Brown, 182)
Pike's Peak, (Brown, 183)
Pioneer Colorado women, (Mudgett, 196)
Playwrights Biography, (Mudgett, 196)
Policemen Biography, (Reilly, 165)
Ponce, Wallace Yvonne, (Ponce, 109)
Prison break of 1949, (Peterson, 131)
Prisons Canon City, (Schweigert, 186)
Prisons Denver Conditions, (Reilly, 165)
Proett, Patrice, (Proett, 192)
Prosser, John, (Prosser, 191)
Public Service Company in Denver, (Francone, 163)
Pueblo History, (Fitzpatrick, 129)
QuiIters, (Mudgett, 196)
Quiltmaking, (Mitchell, 185)
Radio broadcasters Biography, (Fizpatrick, 129;
Rae, Mary, (Rae, 111)
Railroad workers, (Crossen, 202)
Railroads History, (Benson, 116; Crossen, 202)
Ranchers Biography, (Partridge, 203)
Recreation Denver, (Clement, 198)
Red Wheelbarrow, (Bowles, 184)
Reilly, Joseph, (Reilly, 165)
Richardson, Bob, (Richardson, 106)
Richtofen Castle, (Seiden, 153)
Ricketscn, Rick, (Ricketson, 112)
Rifle -History, (Fenwick, 187)
Rio Grande Narrow Gauge, (Norwood, 144)
Roads History, (Schumate, 156)
Roberts, Edwyn, (Roberts, 146)
Rocky Ford History (Zinky, 127)
Rocky Mountain Lake, (Clement, 198)
Rocky Mountain News, (Noel, 201)
Rosebud Sioux Indian, (Guerue, 169)
Roundup Riders, (Ricketson, 112)
Russell, Bill, (Russell, 102)
Schlosser, Elizabeth, (Schlosser, 204)
Schoolhouses, County, (Guilliford, 175)
Schumacker, Eva, (Schumacker, 115)
Schumate, Charles, (Schumate, 156)
Schweigert, George, (Schweigert, 186)
Seep, Albert, (Seep, 164)
Seiden, Othniel J. (Brose, 158; Seiden, 153)
Senior Theater, (Bowles, 184)
Shaw, Mary, (Shaw, 119)
Shearer, Tony, (Shearer, 132)
Shepherds Biography, (Francone, 163)
Silver Plume History, (Francone, 163)
Silver, Prospecting of (Schweigert, 186)
Simms, Willard E., (Simms, 189)
Sloan's Lake, (Stewart, 190)
Smith, Lou, (Smith, 123)
Smith, Morgan, (Smith, 104)
Stanley Furs, (Calkins, 166)
Stanley Hotel, Estes Park, (Mcllrath, 199)
Stewart, Meryl, (Stewart, 190)
Stewart, Paul W., (Stewart, 162)
Storytellers Biography, (Kelly, 143)
Tabor, Baby Doe, (Lucas, 150)
Tabor, Horace, (Lucas, 150)
Tate, Penfield, (Tate, 105)
Taylor, Arie, (Taylor, 134)
Teachers Biography, (Arndt, 178; 3radshaw,
177; Brown, 159; Gulliford, 175;
Noel, 135; Wilson, 128)
Teachers, Training of, (Gulliford, 175)
Theater, (Bowles, 184), (Levy, 108)
Tivoli building Architecture, (DeSart, 151)
Tramway Strike, (Moehrke, 122)
Transportation History, (Akers, 179; Crosby,
161; Guyer, 197; Metcalf, 120;
Schumacker, 115; Simms, 189; Wakefield, 121)
Trapping, (Armstrong, 168)
Trocadero Ballroom, (Gurtler, 205; Laurent, 176)
Trolley cars History, (Wakefield, 121)
Union Station, Denver, (Yasui, 160)
University of Colorado at Denver History,
Graham, 172; Nordby, 181; Prosser, 191)
University of Colorado, Boulder Residence halls,
University of Denver, (Noel, 201)
Urban archaeology, (DeSart, 151)
Ute Indians, (Essig, 113)
Valiant Woman, (Williams, 174)
Wahlberg, Wally, (Wahlberg, 117)
Wakefield, Iona, (Wakefield, 121)
Walden History, (Armstrong, 168)
Walker's Castle, (Gallagher, 167)
Walker, John Brisbane, (Gallagher, 167)
Waring, Houston, (Waring, 207)
Weekly Register Call, (Russell, 102)
Weld County History, (Moore, 148)
Whitacre, Chris, (Whitacre, 188)
White Lamb, (Lindsay, 107)
Willette, Paul, (Willette, 101)
Williams, Jeane, (Williams, 174)
Wilson, Mary Kirke, (Wilson, 128)
Women's Army Auxiliairy Corps, (Oleta, 157)
World War I, celebration of end of, (Stewart, 190)
Vaffe, Fanny Mae, (Yaffe, 103)
Yasui, Minori, (Yasui, 160)
Yellow Front Shoe Factory, (Roberts, 146)
Zinky, Kay, (Zinky, 127)